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Soft option? 

Why Jbitain’s 
deteriticin centres ' 
are net working 

Costume drama 
Suzy-Menkes on 
anactor 7 ? 
off-stage wardrobe 

Hollywood goes East 
How US fiimakers 
have invaded 

Battle ofthe Nile 
Selecting England's 
football squad 
to play. Egypt 

3 575 

Hardline Marxist rebels were, 
reported to have seized power 
in Aden yesterday as the Royal \ 
Yacht Britannia completed a 
second successful .rescue oper- 
ation of Britons and other 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

outside Aden, still awaiting 
evacuation. Hfty-two of them 
were British. 

Among the stranded Britons 
'.were Mr- Simon Scaddan, the 
head of chancery at the British 

base and the Soviet Union 
would normally be sensitive 
about allowing foreign vessels 
close to its installations. 

- In addition to the Britannia, 
two British warshi 

The weekly £20,000 prize In 
The ' Times Portfolio compe- 
tition on Saturday was shared 
by fire winners, Lt-Col J R 
Clifton-BIigh .of Shrivenhiam, 
Wilts, Mr Amarjeet Ghale, of 
Heston, Middlesex, Mrs M 
Thompson, of Belfast, Mrs 
j Anita Byrne, of Bebington, 

' Wirral, and Mr T £ Bonham of 
- Mickkdon, Clones. 

Saturday’s daily prhx, . doub- 
led to £4,000 became there was 
no winner on Friday, was iron 
by Mr. Gordon Massie of 
Streatluun, south-west I Winn . 

Portfolio list page 20; rales 
and bow to play, information 
service, tack page. 

£4m cost of 
baby food 

The salmonella outbreak traced 
to the TarJc/s " baby ' foods 
factory is believed to have cost 
the company at least £4 million 
so far. . Sixty temporary and 
part-time staff have been made 
redundant ta-reduce costs. 

. Page 3 

Marcos denies 
assets in US 

Resident Mareos of the Fitifip- 
pincs dtaomxedas 
congressmen's 'hcctisatiOnS^tJfett 
he burned -property, in. the 
United States wmh ntiHumsof 
dollars. Two grenades exploded 
* at an opposmon rally attended 
£ by MrsCorazon Aquino- 

Cardinal^ warning, page 4 

Labour choice 


tit ■ 

Mrs Dawn Pamarolo (above), 
who was selected to tight Bristol 
South at the next election, 
defeating Mr Michael Cocks, 
Labour's former Chief Whip 

Page 2 

Peres visit 

Mr Shimon Peres, Prime 
Minister of Israel touring 
Europe, arrives in Britain today 
for talks with Mrs Thatcher on 
the Middle East Page 6 

Congress switch 

This summer’s World Archaeo- 
logical Congress has' been 
switched to Mainz, West Ger- 
many, from Southampton, 
which had pressed .for South 
African representatives Page 3 

Kasparov waits 

Gary Kasparov, the world chess 
champion, has delayed his 
statement on the controversial 
championship rematch until 
after tomorrow's Soviet Chess 
Federation meeting. 

Charity tax plan 

A tax incentive scheme to 
encourage people and com- 
panies to give more to charity is 
being considered by ' the 
Treasury Page 3 

Becker beaten 

Ivan Lendl beat Boris Becker 
6-2, 7-6. 6-3, at Madison Square 
Garden in the Nabisco Masters 
Final. Earlier report, page 23 



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, ; %NicKbBw Assort; . 
,* *" -ft-eMU-tevin ahnbst beta « 
scene from /n WUch-Wt Shir*. 
There was many a lamp m the 
throat and tear in the eye when 
the Royal Marines braid , played 
“Land rtf Hope and dory’* and 
the Royal Yacht Britannia 

- glided into Djibouti port yester- 
day to discharge its- cargo of 
340 evacuees who had earlier 
been pinched firont the beaches. 

- of war-torn Sooth Yemen. ' 

_ For the 30 Britons on board, 
their rescue was a comforting 
reassurance that the Royal 
Navy still performs a valuable 
role in distant parts of the 
world where. Britain once ruled 
the waves.. 

Even two Argentinians who 
were caught in the cross-fire 

Yard seeks 
in kidnap 

By Stewart Tendler 
Crime Reporter 
Two detectives from Scot- 
land Yard's anti- terrorist 
branch flew to new York 
yesterday to begin extradition 
proceedings against an Arab 
businessman held by the FBI 
and alleged to be “Mr X”, the 
intermediary in the kidnapping 
of Mr Mohammed Sadiq al- 
Tajir in London. 

Scotland Yard confirmed that 
the FBI has arrested Mustafe 
Zeib, aged .43, in Manhattan on 
Saturday night. Mr Zein has 
lived on and on in the United 
States for tame time 

The FBI - moved to arrest Mr | 
Zein after an alert was put out. 
by police some days after the, 
start of negotiations for the 
release of Mr al-Tajir, who was 1 
kidnapped on .January 6 and . 
released on Friday after pay-, 
inent of a $3 million ransom. 

between - loyalist and rebel 
South Yemeni forces found 
themselves in the unaccus- 
tomed position of welcoming 
foe sight of the white ensign, 
and were only too relieved to 
give' themselves up to the 
protection of the Queen’s navy. 

• As for the 90. or so Chinese 
workers who were also taken on 
board, their traditional inscru- 
tability gave way to smiles as 
the Royal Yacht carried, them 
away from, the carnage of 
Aden’s street fighting towards 
the .peaceful bustle of Djibouti 

According to first reports, 
the Britannnia designed to act 
as. a hospital ship in time of 
war, tad adapted well to its 
unexpected role of rescue ship. , 

The crew of 22 officers and 254 
men and nine Royal Marines, 
under die command of Rear- 
Admiral John Gornier, bad 
performed a dangerous mission 
(the yacht's launches were 
almost hit on several occasions) 
with courage and efficiency. 

“It was a tremendous boost 
to see the oatline of the Royal 
Yacht", said Mr Arthur Mar- 
shall, the British Ambassador 
in Aden, whose residence was 
severely damaged daring the 

. “The crew, looked alter us 
very well. All the Royal 
apartments were thrown open 
to os without any discrimi- 

Evacuees picked up during 

Continued on back page, col 6 

News International 
rejects TUC appeal 

By Donald Madntyre,. Labour Editor 

■ News International yesterday 
rejected an appeal by Mr 
Norman Willis, General Sec- 
retary of the TUC to reopen 
talks with the main print unions 
aimed at securing an agreement 
for the company’s new high- 
technology plant at Wapping, 
east London. 

The possibility of industrial 
action by the two biggest print 
unions, SOGAT 82 and the. 
National Graphical Association 
drew closer last night after Mr 
William O'Neill, the company’s 
chief negotiator made ft clear to 
Mr Wtllis that he was not 
prepared to recognise either of 
them at the Wapping plant after 
the- failure of pre-Christmas 
talks to secure a legally binding 
strike free agreement for the 
plant. Instead be made it clear 
the company would be going 
ahead with national level talks 
with the Electrical Electronic, 
Plumbing Trades Union. 

Today’s meeting of the 
TUCs inner cabinet will be 
overshadowed by the crisis after 
a decision last night by four of 
the five unions in the industry 
to press a formal complaint 
under the TUCs descip&uuy 
procedure at Wednesday's 
meeting of the General Council 
against the electricians' union 
for continuing with the separate 

Miss Brenda Dean, general 
secretary of SOGAT *S2, said as 
she left Congress House after 
three hours of talks with other 
union leaders last night that she 
and her colleagues had been 
very disappointed that the 
company had failed to take up 
for the Wapping plant a seven 
point alternative plan outlining 
proposals for unilaterally trig- 
gered binding arbitration, bai- 
lors before strikes and sugges- 
tion for minimising unofficial 
Continued on page 2, Col 3 

Brittan hits at 
‘disaster course 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

I • -Vii? -K ' V'-.. •< , 


■ ‘ m ip;. : # \ ! I 

^y> - '<■ ' "T'S^ 

Group of 5 | 
campaign to 
curb dollar 

By Sarah Hogg 

In a clear shift of strategy, the 
{h*3C<w: 3 ministers of the United 
States, Japan, West Germany. 
France and Britain agreed 
yesterday to pause in their 
attempts to bring down the 

The decision was taken in an 
effort to reduce interest rates 
outside the US when each of the 
other four governments finds it 
possible to do so. 

The Group of Five finance 
ministers, who met for weekend 
talks at the Downing Street 
residents of the Chancellor of 
the Exchequer rejected the 
proposal for a concerted cut in 
interest rates. 

Mr Paul Volcker, chairman 
of the Federal Reserve Board, 
which dictates American mon- 
etary policy, remains firmly 
opposed to the idea. Other 
central bankers are also scepti- 

The Five, in a brief com- 
munique, said that they were 
“satisfied" with the progress 
since the historic New York 
September meeting, at which 
they agreed on concerted 
exchange rate intervention to 
lower the dollar. 

This is understood to mean 
that governments would be 
happy to consolidate their 
exchange rate gains at about 
today's rates. The dollar has 
fallen overall by about 10 per 
cent since September. 

However, the communique 
stresses that “the ■ progress 
which has been made should 
not be reversed”. This means 
the Five stand ready to 
iniervenc-if the dollar shows all- 
round strength though not if a 
single currency, such as sterling 
or the franc, showss signs of 

The communique empha- 
sized the “informal” nature of 
the discussions. But finance 
ministers and their attendant 
central bankers addressed a 
wide range of problems, includ- 
ing the crisis in the tin market, 
about which European sources 
suggest that modest .progress 
was made in persuading the 
French and Japanese, and 
particularly the German 

Continued oil page 2, col 4 

Cigarettes to get tougher health warning 

Investment trust companies are 
wooing private investors and. 
preparing for the City’s Big 
Bang A Special Report 'explains 
bow ’ 

Pages 15-19’ 

By Philip Webster 
and Nicholas Timmins 

The Government health 
warning on cigarette packets is 
expected to be changed as apart 
of a package of urgent govern- 
ment measures to combat the 
alar ming increase in smoking 

V* * * * * 

A strengthened advertising 
campaign to give a waning of 
the dangers rtf smoking and a 
vobmtary ban on the appearance 
of cigarette advertisements in 
'teenage, women’s- and other 
magazines likely to beread by 
.young '.people b being con- , 

sidered afterdistiirbiiig evidence 

showing that II to 16 year olds 
are spending between £70- 
mUCon and £90 million on 
dearattes a year. ■■'••• 

-Health 1 ministers .have also.' 
asked Mr Nigel Lawson, Chan- 
cellor, to increase the price «f 
cigarettes at well-above the rate 

of inflation in- the budget. .An 
increase of about 8p on* packet 
would be needed to. match 

present price rises. 

Ministers believe the present 
health warning “Danger - 

Government Health; Warping; 

Cigarettes can seriously damage 
your health”, which is little 
different to die warning first 
introduced in 1971, has lost 
ranch of its impact. Indeed, it is 
felt that among youngsters - H 
may be having an effect opposite 
to that Intended because in their 
eyes it may appear fussy and. 
authoritarian anCjm obvious 
target for rebellion. 

Tor reason the use of the 
trord “govermnenr is thought 

to be arantw-prodoctive. .The 

G overnm ent ; is discussing with 
the * industry new forma of 
wording .and one possibility is 
adopting the United ; States 
wording where, the wanting is 

attributed to the Surgeon-Gen- 

A statement such as: “The 
Chief Medical Officer warns 
you that smoking is dangerous” 
Is : among those favoured by 
ministers. Shorter, sharper 
warnings- such as “Cigarettes 
kill” would be acceptable to 
ministers but not the industry, 
it is believed. 

The Government is already 
spending £1 million on a pilot 
scheme of cinema and tele- 
vision advertising to warn 
teenagers of the dangers of 
gmnktog and ministers hope 
that tite industry will adopt a 
voluntary agreement to extend . 
Its hen td advertising in 
' magazines and newspaper give- 
aways which, the young read. 

A change from the Govern- 
ment to the Chief Medical 
•Officer giving the warning may 
wefi not satisfy . health edu- 
.4 ■: 

cators. Research by the Health 
Education Council, which h as 
been forwarded to ministers, 
shows that the more unclut- 
tered the message - such as a 

simply “Smoking kills” or 
“Cigarettes cause lung cancer" 
- the more effective it was. 

Health educators also argue 
that the UK, the first to 
introduce health warnings, has 
now (alien behind inter- 
nationally. In the United 
States, for example, the Sur- 
geon General's wanting now 
reads: “Smoking causes long 
cancer, heart disease, emphy- 
sema and may. complicate 

The Government was shaken 
by the results of a survey by the 
Office of Population Censuses 
and. Surveys published last 
December showing. that young 
people were taking up smoking 
in disturbingly large numbers. 

Airline sale 
faces risk 
of missing 
target date 

By Philip Webster 

The privatization of British 
.Airways, held up for IS months 
by protracted legal battles, laces, 
another delay despite state- 
ments from the Government 
and the airline yesterday that 
they still hope to go ahead with 
a flotation in June or July. 

The British Airways sale is in 
danger of missing its slot in the 
Government's privatization 
programme because of a series 
of actions in the American 
courts and the refusal of the 
Government to contemplate 
setting a timetable for the shares 
issue until the legal situation 
has been sorted out 
A Los Angeles travel agent,- 
has filed a suit reportedly for $4 
million against British Airways, 
Pan Am and TWA for loss of 
earnings because of the collapse 
of Laker. He claims that he 
earned greater discount on 
Laker tickets than on other 
business, and was therefore 
badly affected by the collapse. 
Mr Robert Backman, counsel 
for Laker employees, has 
intimated that he will file a suit, 
reportedly for S60 million on 
behalf of former Laker pilots, 
engineers and others, arguing 
that they have not been able to 
get equivalent employment 
since Laker collapsed. The suit 
is likely to be filed in Washing- 
ton, where all the other Laker 
cases have been heard. 

The British Government and 
British Airway are pinning their 
hopes on the court actions being 
resolved quickly. The Los 
Angeles District Court case 
comes up on March 18. If the 
matter was settled on that day, 
it is argued, the timetable could 
be set and the flotation go 
ahead. The Government would 
like to get it out of the way by 
the summer because the first 
tranche of the British Gas sale is 
already pencilled in for the early 
autumn and would then take 
priority in for the early autumn 
and would then take priority. 

But given the often prolonged 
nature of the American process, 
industrial and political sources 
believe it will be unlikely for the 
Government to be able to give 
the all clear in March. 

.The . possibility of the sale 

Continued on back page, col 1 

Three dead in 
car crushed 
by falling tree 

Two women and a young girt 
died yesterday when they were 
crushed by a iree which fell on 
their car during high winds. 

They were passengers in a car 
driving on the A420 near 
Chippenham. ' Wiltshire, when 
the tree toppled and crushed the 
roof. The driver, thought to be 
aged about SO, ■ taken to 
hospital in Bath seriously 
injured. None was immediately 

Two anglers were missing 
and feared drowned after failing 
to return from an angling trip 
off the coast of North Wales.. 

• They are Mr Richard Wood- 
ward, aged 22, and Mr Keith 
HaJewood, aged 40, both of 
Colwyn Bay, who set out to sea 
in a I Oft dinghy at 3am, saying 
they would, return in .four hours. 

Mr Leon Brittan, the beleagu- 
ered Secretary of State for Trade 
and Industry, yesterday un- 
leashed a bitter tirade against 
Mr Michael Heseltine's behav- 
iour during the Westland affair 
while fending off fresh and 
damaging allegations about his 
own role in the saga. 

In a personalized attack on 
his former Cabinet colleagues, 
which startled Conservative 
backbenchers and the Heseltine 
camp, Mr Brittan accused the 
former defence secretary of 
persistently, repeatedly and 
deliberately flouting Cabinet 
decisions, which, be said, put 
the Prime Minister and himself 
in an impossible position. 

“I don't shrink from making 
quite serious criticisms of 
Michael Heseltine,” he said. 

To prove his point, he was 
armed during an interview on 
LWTs Weeend World pro- 
gramme with what he called a 
number of examples of Mr 
Heseltine's absolute refusal to 
abide by a Cabinet decision of 
December 19 that no minister 
should campaign for either 
Sikorsky or the European 

“When things were said, for 
example, that were misleading, 
they had to be corrected and it 
was very difficult if one of the 
persons doing it was actually 
one of my own colleagues- 
. . . that was bound to lead to 
disaster," be said. 

“I can't think of an example 
in the past where somebody has 
not been prepared to accept the 
decision of the Cabinet, has 
flouted it in the way that he has 
done, has stayed in the Cabinet, 
hasn't said Tm sorry 1 can't go 
along with this' and only 
resigned when a mechanism is 
chosen which actually would 
force him to comply with the 
decision of the Cabinet," 

When questioned about new 
claims that he bad put pressure 
on Mr James Prior, chairman of 
GEC, for his company to take a 
less prominent role in the 
European consortium, Mr Brit- 
tan denied it strenuously and 
added that it was a case of the 

dirty tricks department scraping 
the bottom of the barrel. 

He denied a claim that one of 
his senior Civil Servants bad, 
on bis instructions, lobbied Kir 
Winston Churchill a Conserva- 
tive member of the defence 
Select Committee, for an hour 
on the telephone on behalf of 

Again he blamed Mr Hesel- 
une for the predicament: “1 was 
in the impossible position of 
trying to actually carry out the 
Government's policy of being 

“to do that it was necessary 
to give the facts to people and it 
was precisely for that reason 
that I took foe decision that 1 
wasn't going to give the facts . . . 

Westland's board meets 
today to finalize new recon- 
struction proposals which will 
need the approval of only 50 
per cent of shareholders. 
Details will be sent out this 
week and should be voted on by 
the middle of next m?nt!t. 
Supporters of the plan, prob- 
ably including Hanson Trust, 
are likely to buy more shares 
before the vote 

Page 21 

because if 1 gave the latis that 
would be open to misconstrue- 
tion and I asked a Civil Servant 
to give the facts. 

“And so he did and he did 
not lobby on behalf of Sikorsky: 
he gave the facts and he 
corrected sonic of mistaken 
facts that had appeared.” 

Last night Mr Heselune 
refused to comment on Mr 
Bri nan's outburst, but close 
friends said he had been 
amazed by the way the Cabinet 
minister “took his gloves off. 
and let rip”. 

Mr Heseltine refused tele- 
vision and radio interviews in 
an attempt to cool the situation 

But his friends, slung into 
defending their man. said that 
Mr Brutan's interview raised 
even more questions about h:s 
own role. 

Shelling rocks Kampala 
as truce breaks down 

Kampala (AFP) - Artillery 
duels between Ugandan govern- 
ment troops and the rebel 
National Resistance Army 
(NRA) resumed with greater 
intensity yesterday south and 
west of Kampala yesterday after 
a lull in the morning. 

The shelling, which could be 
heard dearly in central 
Kampala, came from foe area 
south of the capital along the 
road to the NRA-held town of 
Masaka and to Entebbe, where 
foe international airport is 

Residents of some suburbs 
have started evacuating their 
homes, despite government 
assurances that troops were 
containing foe situation. 

The fighting, foe first serious 

breach of the ceasefire rigne-J 
between foe two sides a month 
before, began on Friday, .'••hen 
Uganda’s ruler. General lito 
Okello. accused the NRA of 
launching simultaneous attacks 
on eight government military 
positions within a ! 5-milc 
radius of Kampala. 

There are thousands of 
people sheltering at Rubaga 
Raman Catholic Cathedral in 
the southern suburbs and at the 
adjacent mission hospital, while 
others have moved in with 
relatives and friends in “saler" 

• NAIROBI: The Uganda 
Cabinet was called to a special 
meeting yesterday to consider 
foe situation (Charles Harrison 


yourI monthly 
TOUH | st payment 


wi’iar 1 -*'" 



Teacher unions 
expected to 
reject NUT 
call for strike 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

Britain's second biggest 
teachers* union is among 
several expected to reject a call 
from the National Union of 
Teachers to take pan in a one- 
day national strike and demon- 
stration in support of the pay 

Mr Fred Smithies, general 
secretary of the National As- 
sociation of Schoolmasters/ 
Union of Women Teachers, 
which has 117,000 members, is 
hoping for a settlement to the 
U-month dispute through the 
current Acas initiative. The 
union endorsed his view at a 
delegate meeting in Warwick at 
the weekend. 

Yesterday he was scathing 
about NlTTs derision, taken in 
the. same day at a special 
salaries conference in Wembley, 
north London, to call out its 
216,000 members, if possible in 
conjunction with other unions. 
“I believe the NAS/UWT will 
reject that approach**, he said. 

“It does not seem very 
sensible to me. If our members 
are going to sacrifice a day's 
pay, wc want to get a good 
return for it. I do not see a one- 
day strike as doing that,” 

The teachers were well past 
the stage of needing a national 
demonstration to air their pay 
grievance. “There cannot be 
anyone in the country who does 
not understand that teachers 
have a major grievance over 
their pay'*, he said. 

Mr Smithies is hoping for a 
breakthrough in the dispute at 
Acas talks, which resume 


He said that his union's 
decision to continue to attempt 
a settlement through Acas gave 
an important lead to ail 
teachers. “It should give sub- 
stantia] encouragement to the 

employers' side to co-operate 
with us to negotiate sensibly.** 

The Assistant Masters and 
Mistresses Association, the 
third biggest union with 
1 10,000 members, said that it 
would not be taking part in the 
NUTs day of action. Mr Peter 
Smith, its deputy general 
secretary, said: “Talking peace 
and firing cannons . simul- 
taneously is not the best way to 
reach a truce." 

Both the unions are worried 
about the NUT'S decision to 
continue sanctions, even if 
there is a settlement approved 
by the majority of teacher 
unions. Mr Smithies said that it 
was undemocratic and threat- 
ened anarchy. 

Mrs Mair Waldo Thomas, 
presidni of AMMA, yesterday 
issued a strong statement saying 
that the NUT’S derision not to 
take part in Acas talks was 
sterile. Urging them to co-oper- 
ate. She said: “The planned 
continued chaos when a settle- 
ment could be on the cards 
damages the teachers’ case,** 

• The NUT says it is prepar- 
ing to sue local authorities that 
are getting tough with striking 
teachers following the Prime 
Minister’s suggestion. 

It has warned Dudley, Dyfed, 
Hampshire, Havering, Leices- 
tershire and Nottinghamshire 
that it may take them to court if 
they deduct pay for a fall 
session from teachers who strike 
for a shorter period. 

Mr Ivor Widdison, of the 
Council of Local Education 
Authorities, said that be did not 
see what grounds the NUT had 
in law for doing this. If teachers 
were disrupting children's edu- 
cation for a specified period, it 
was right that they should be 
penalized for that period, he 

British unit 
to buy 
tanks from 
W Germany 

By Ian Griffiths 
Britain's Berlin Infantry Brig- 
ade is to buy West Goman- 
made armoured troop carriers. 
Speculation grew ax the week- 
end that the decision was made 
without even considering a rival 
British alternative manufac- 
tured by Vickers. 

Mr Edward Leigh, Conserva- 
tive MP for Gainsborough and 
Homcastle, is to raise the issue 
this week with the Secretary of 
Stale for Defence in the latest 
controversy over defence pro- 
curement and the Govern- 
ment's attitude to British 
defence companies. 

The controversy centres on 
the decision by the Beilin 
Infantry- Brigade’s to upgrade 
the armament on its troop 
carriers. Soft-skinned vehicles 
of West German manufacture 
are being replaced by lightly 
armoured vehicles made by 
Thyssen, another West German 

British manufacturers are 
concerned that the decision has 
been made without consider- 
ation of their alternative. Both 
GKN, with their Saxon ar- 
moured car, and Vickers, with 
the Valkyr, thought that they 
ought to have been granted the 
chance to bid for the business. 

The Beilin Infantry Brigade 
is a legacy of the Second world 
War. Although the ultimate 
decision on procurement rests 
with the British commandant, 
and not the Ministry of 
Defence, the force is financed 
by the West Goman govern- 

The British companies be- 
lieve that unfair pressure has 
been brought to bear on the 
brigade to buy West German 
and that they have not been 
given a fair chance to demon- 
strate the suitability of their 

The new troop carriers will 
have an element of light 
armament which distinguishes 
them from the previous fleet 

Murdoch rejects TUC appeal 

Con tinned from page 1 
action. and increasin flexibility 
between some jobs. 

Miss Dean said: “The com- 
pany really has missed a 
wonderful opportunity by re- 
jecting the proposals put to it by 
Mf, Willis. The world at large 
wile "see that they are really 

She added: “They are pro- 
posals which were new to the 
in dust O' and bad the backing of 
our members, it is a tragedy 
that the company has been so 

Miss Dean said that current 
indications were that both 
unions would secure majorities 
for industrial action in ballt 
results which will be announced 

It had wanted to start there 
with production othe London 
Post, the new evening paper 
planned by the company, and 
then to put work into Wapping 
“as we grow out of the existing 
two plants. 

“But if we are struck in this 
manner in which the unions are 
now threatening then we will 
have no choice but to try and ' 
keep producing as best we can", 
Mr Murdoch added. “It is both 
our duty to do that as publishers 
and our obligation as business 

In a separate development 
yesterday Mr David Lipsey, 
who left his job as Economics 
Editor of The Sunday Tunes 

this weekend to become deputy 

tomorrow evening when all four editor of the weekly paper New 

of the prim unions - other than 
the electricians - will meet to 
consider their next step. 

Yesterday’s talks came as the 
company said that 95 per cent 
of copies of a 24-page Jobs 
Supplement produced at the 
Wapping plant for inclusion 
with the Sunday Times had 
been distributed to retailers. 
The company used the distri- 
bution firm TNT to ensure 
supplies to London retailers 
after the refusal by Central 
London Wholesale members of 
Sogat *S2 to handle the sup- 

Some central London re- 
tailers did not handle- the 
supplement yesterday appar- 
ently because of fears of 
possible disruption to sub- 
sequent supplies. 

The rest of the 104 page 
Sunday' Times was produced 
normally at Gray’s Inn Road 
without union disruption. 
Union fears that the company 
will switch production of 
existing titles to Wapping in the 
event of a strike were fuelled by 
an interview with Mr Rupert 
Murdoch, Chairman of News 
international in yesterday's 
Sunday Times. Mr Murdoch 
says that the company does not 
want la print all four titles at 
Wapping because it does not 
have sufficient presses to do 
that satisfactorily. 

Society, said that preliminary 
and exploratory discussions 
City sources on the possible 
publication of an alternative 
paper by Sunday Times staff in 
the event of the company's 
breaking its contracts with the 
NUJ had been “highly encour- 
aging”. Mr Lipsey. who is on 
the point of concluding the sale 
of his family firm for a six figure 
sum. is intending this week to 
set up a company said to be 
capable of employing Sunday 
Timer journalists for an interim 
period if News International 
terminates their contracts of 
employment as a consequence 
of the present dispute. 

Mr Lipsey, the former leader 
of the journalists’ union Chapel 
(office branch) at the Sunday 
Times, said that new technology 
had made the production of 
newspapers a much cheaper 
business and thus potentially 
highly profitable. He said the 
prospect of acquiring the prin- 
ciple asset of the Sunday Times. 
its journalistic staff, and using 
them to produce a Sunday 
paper of quality and editorial 
independence is one that 
“attracts great interest in the 

Mr O'Neill said idler yester- 
day's talks that the company 
had difficulty in understanding 
the logic of the main print 
unions* intentions to take 

industrial action. “They want to 
strike on issues relating to the 
house agreements, but these 
house agreements have five 
months before they expire". He 
said the company would be 
reviewing the situation with its 
legal advisers “if they engage in 
strike action, which we certainly 
do not want them to do". 

He said that Mr Willis had 
originally asked to meet Mr 
Murdoch, “but be had to settle 
for me". He explained that Mr 
Murdoch had not been avail- 

In a statement last night, Mr 
Willis said that the company 
had not been prepared to 
reopen talks on the entry of the 
printing unions to the Wapping 
Plant on the basis of a number 
of positive and forward looking 
ideas which could have paved, 
the way for negotiations 
between the two- tides. The 
statement said that in Mr 
Willis's view this had been a 
“missed opportunity”. 

The company last night 
expressed concern over the 
threats of industrial action by 
SOGAT and NGA in pursuit of 
claims for -life time guarantees 
of employment and indexation 
of pay rates. It said the claims 
were “unsustainable and a 
purely artificial response" to the 
the breakdown of the Tower 
Hamlets talks. 

Mr Rupert Murdoch, Chair- 
man of News International, 
added last night: “Negotiations 
with the print unions began in 
1980, and were broken, off by 
them for the last time just 
brfore Christmas 1985.” 

• Unofficial print union pickets 
failed to stop the Sunday People 
from appearing in the South 
yesterday after all editions of 
the paper were printed in 
Manchester for the fust time. 

The management said yester- 
day that only 10,000 copies 
from a total print run of 3 
million were lost. 

Mr Noboru Takeshita, Japan's Minister of Finance, leaving yesterday's Group of Five meeting at 11 Downing 

Street (Photograph: Sean Smith). 

Ministers to pause in dollar campaign 

Continued from page 1 
government, to take part in a 

Finance ministers were also 
said to be in complete agree- 
ment that a collapse in the oil 
price would be in nobody's 
interests. There is general 
anxiety about the situation of 
oil producing countries with 
major debts, notably Mexico, 
Nigeria, Venezuela and Indone- 
sia, and the effect of difficulties 
on the international banking 

Mr James Baker, US 
Treasury Secretary, was urged 
to hurry forward his plan, 
unveiled at the International 
Monetary Fund meetings in 
Korea last autumn, for hoping 
the world’s biggest debtors to 
secure new bank finance. ■ 

A difference of view on the 
possibility of lower American 
interest rates emerged between 
Mr Baker and his central 
banker. Mr Paul Volcker. The 
Federal Reserve chairman has 

been resisting a cut in rates 
while growth' in the US has 
appeared to pick up. 

Mr Baker would like to see a 
father fall in US rates and in the 
dollar, in order to stave off 
demands for import controls 
But the view of Japanese and 
European finance ministers 
seems to be that, while Ameri- 
can interest rates remain so 
high, they are not prepared to 
force their rates still higher in to 
depress the dollar. 

Mr Baker is said to have 

assured his international col-: 
leagues that progress was being j 
made in reducing the US federal I 

• The outcome of the G5 
meeting, from which Italy was 
excluded, is being followed with 
anxiety by the Italians who last 
week had to introduce a 1 
package of emergency measures 
to protect the lire, (writes John 
Earle from Rome). 

Photograph* page 2 
Comment, page 21 
Progress on tin, page 21 

Labour MP 
fails to win* 

From Tim Jones 

Mr Michael Cocks, the 
former Labour Party Chief 
Whip, failed last night in his 
attempt to be reselected to- 
contest his Bristol South con- . 
siituency at the next general - 

Mr Cocks, an MP for 16 
years, was defeated by Mrs 
Dawn Primarolo. aged 31. an 
Avon county councillor, who 
had acted as constituency 
secretary for Bristol South East 
when Mr Tony Benn was the 
sitting ■member. 

After the four-hour meeting, 
a biucr Mr Cocks said; “l am 
naturally disappointed, but ever 
since 1 defeated Wedgwood 
Benn for the nomination in 
1983. I know that the knives 
have been out for me." 

Ever since the victory, the 
constituency party has been, 
torn apart by feuds and internal 
fighting. Last night's meeting 
was held only after complaints 
about the credentials of some 
delegates had been checked by 
the party’s regional organizer. 

Mr Cocks, sensing that he . 
might become the first import- . 
ant casually of the Labour 
Party's reselection process, 
resigned last year as Chief Whip 
to concentrate on fighting to 
save his seat. By then, relations 
in the party were so strained ' 
that some members and * 
officials would not speak to one * 

Mr Peter Shore. Labour MP 
for Bethnal Green and Stepney., 
and a former Cabinet minister. , 
who has been under serious. - 
threat of being deselected.- - 
successfully saw off challengers 
at his conslilcncy’s selection 
meeting last night* and will be 
the party's candidate at (he next 

New venue 
for Chelsea 
show urged 

By Our Horticulture 
An evaluation of Osteriey 
Park. Isleworth, Middlesex, and 
the Royal Horticultural Society 
garden at Wisley. Surrey, as 
alternative sites for the Chelsea 
flower show has been suggested 
by a review committee of the 

The committee, chaired by 
Lord Ridley, as suggested the 
'sites to provide. more space* 
the show and to avoid over- 

The committee report reflects 
the view that the society 
oriented too much towards 
London and the South-east and 
suggests that it consider the 
formation of a- regional net- 
work, .'and moving the autumn 
'show and one of the April 
Ishows out of London. 

On the garden at Wisley, the 
report suggests that greater 
emphasis should be placed on 
the educational value of the 
plants grown and the methods 
demonstrated in the garden by 
the use of better labelling and 
interpretive techniques. .Plant 
trials should be made more 
informative and interesting 
Some of the national collect- 
ions of garden plants held at 
Wisley for the National Council 
for Conservation of Plants and 
Gardens, the report says, should 
be on display with explanatory 
notices and leaflets about them 
and the scheme. 

The report, detailed investi- 
gation into the society’s affairs, 
also recommends moving the 
society's headquarters from 
London to new, purpose-built 
accommodation at Wisley, but 
retaining the New Hall - for 

• The- Royal National Rose 
Society has awarded its top 
honour, the Dean Hole medal, 
to Mr Pat Dickson, from 
Northern Ireland, for his 
services to the society and to the 
rose. This is the third medal 
bestdwed on his family. 

Unionists confident of huge poll support 

Unionist leaders in Northern 
Ireland iriD receive a huge 
endorsement for their oppo- 
sition to the Anglo-Irish agree- 
ment in this Thursday's 15 by- 
elections forced by the resig- 
nation of “loyalist” MPs from 

Despite wintry weather and 
dark evenings, the unlikely 
partnership of Mr James 
Molyneaux, leader of the 
Official Unionist Party, and 
the Rev Ian Paisley leader of 
the Democratic Unionist Party 
(DUP) has attracted Urge 
numbers at election rallies 

They are confident of a large 
turnout from a Unionist elec- 
torate that believes it has been 
betrayed, even though there 
will lie at least six hours of 
darkness during polling in 15 of 
the province's 17 constituencies 
where elections are being held. 

The Official Unionist and 
Democratic Unionist parties 
have for the time being fanned 
their traditional rivalry in the 

From Richard Ford, Belfast 

an agreement giving message, “It’s no today, it’s no 

it's no forever. 

face of 

Dublin a consultative role in 
the affairs of Northern Ireland, 
and. are treating the by-elec- 
tions as a referendum on the 
deal signed last November. 

AD 15 outgoing MPs, 11 
Official Unionists, three DUP 
and one Ulster Popular Union- 
ist Party are seeking re-election 
on a ^Ulster Says No" 
platform, with the leadership 
also wanting a Unionist vote of 
more than 500,000, compared 
with 435,562. in. the. 1983 
Geiieraj Election.' 

In four constituencies where 
there was a dhhger bfUnibnlsts' 
being re-elected unopposed, the 
parties have nominated a 
dummy candidate in Acmsme 
of Mr Peter Barry,' the Irish 
Republic's Minister for Foreign 

The Rev Paisley, barnstorm- 
ing at his best, across the 
province, has been giving a 
theatrical mix of burlesque 
comedy with an unrelenting 

tomorrow, it's no forever. We 
will not have Dublin rale.” 

Mr Molyneaux has been 
warning Unionists that they 
wOl never be forgiven if they do 
not vote. 

The Government has made it 
dear that the results of the by- 
elections will not make it 
overturn the agreement. 

Two Unionist politicians are 
already withdrawing from 
boards running health and 
education while local coraicils 
are being adjourned as part of 
the campaign, but pressure will 
increaseifor a fall withdrawal of 
consent from all elected bodies, 
with, some Unionists wanting 
their MPs to leave Westmins- 

Foot marginal border con- 
stituencies are crucial for 
Unionists, the Social Demo- 
cratic and Labour Party, and 
Provisional Sinn Fein, -political 
wing of the IRA. They are 
Newry and Armagh, Ferma- 

nagh South Tyrone. Mid-Ul- 
ster, and South Down. They 
have a natural Roman Catholic 
majority but a split nationalist 
vote in 1983 gave Unionists 

The British and Irish 
governments will be anxiously 
awaiting the percentage share 
of the vote between the SDLP 
and Sein Fein. Any decline in 
support for the provisionals to 
the benefit of the SDLP will be 
viewed as a partial vindication 
of an agreement aimed at 
undermining support for the 
republicanism of physical for- 

Althout the four seats should 
be winnable by a single 
nationalist politician, the pres- 
ence of PSF and Workers* 
Party candidates competing for 
the vote makes it an uphill 
straggle for the SDLP to 
increase its representation at 
Westminster where its sole MP 
is the party’s leader, Mr John 

Hopes rise over Hermes 

There are rising hopes at the 
Ministry of Defence that the 
aircraft carrier, HMS Hermes, 
which was the flagship of the 
British task force in the 
Falkland Islands conflict will 
be sold to India. 

A team from the Indian Navy 
came to Britain last June to 
inspect the ship and the Indian 
government then invited Bri- 
tain to make a formal offer to 
sell. A team from the Ministry 
of Defence is travelling to New 
Delhi for negotiations. 

The 24,000-ton carrier, which 
began service with the Royal 
Navy in 1959, has been berthed 
at Portsmouth since the spring 
of 1984, used for training da ties 
but available to put to sea at 30 
days’ notice. 

h has been the Government's 
policy to dispose of Hermes 
once the third of the Invincible 
class light carriers. Ark Royal, 

By Our Defence Correspondent 

became fully operational, which 
she did .in November. 

Although- negotiations with 
India tend to be protracted, 
there are hopes that a deal may 
be concluded this year. The 
Royal Navy is understood to be 
making . contingency plans 
already to sail her to India. 

Britain hopes to negotiate a 
price of about £50,000,000 for 
Hermes, though the agreed 
figure could be more or less 
dependant on the scale of the 
package of supplies and equip- 
ment which is included, 
whether Hermes has to go into 
dry dock before leaving for 

If Mr Michael Heseftinc had 
remained as Secretary of State 
for Defeoce. he would have 
been visiting India this week, 
and the sale of Herbies would 
have been among the topics 

As it is there are hopes that it 
will be possible to rearrange the 
visit for his successor, Mr 
George Younger, probably, in 
ihe second half of this year. If 
negotiations went well, the visit 
could provide the occasion for 
the initialling of provisional 

If India' takes Hermes it could 
improve the prospects that it 
will also buy more Harrier 
jump-jet aircraft to operate 
from her. At present India has 
eight Harriers, including two 
trainers, but recently placed an 
order for a further number, 
thought to have been. 10. 

India already operates . a 
British-built carrier, the 16.000- 
ton Vikrant, construction of 
which began during the second 
world war. but was not com- 
pleted until nearly 17 years later 
when the Indian Navy acquired 
her. ‘ 

Fulham battle lines drawn 

Our symbol tells you 
about our interest 


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Constituency that defies the conventional labels 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

The Hnriingham Club, with 
its croquet lawns, tennis courts 
and exclusive surroundings is 
light-years apart in sporting 
terms, from Chelsea football 
ground, visited regularly by 
thousands and tainted by the 

behaviour of hooligans. 

But in day-to-day life the two 
famous sporting venues situ- 
ated in the parliamentary 
constituency of Fulham are 
virtually neighbours, separated 
only by New King's and 
Fulham roads. 

The contrasts typifies the 
battleground for the forth- 
coming by-election, caused by 
the recent death of Mr Martin 
Stevens, Conservative MP for 
Fulham since 1979, who held a 
slim majority of 4,789. 

As tacticians and business 
managers of the main political 
parties consider the south-west 
London constituency, contained 
in a bend of the River Thames, 
they will discover a mnefa 
conflicting evidence and life- 
styles which defy those conven- 
tional political labels, such as 
“middle rtnM heartland** or 
“deprived inner city". 

Enter the constituency from 

its northernmost tip, dose to 

the Olympia exhibition c e nt re, 
and yon axe soon engulfed in 
the bustle of the street markets 
which are a regular feature in 

North End Road: a traditional 
London shopping scene. 

Swing right into Fulham 
Road and yon enter a different 
world of antique shops, pricey 
restaurants, wholefood stores 
and fashionable boutiques for 
the well-heeled. 

The contrasting styles and 
standards of homes occupied by. 
the constituency's 73,000 In- 
habitants tell a similar tale. 
They range from the expensive 
pied-d-terre favoured by com- 
pany chairmen, exclusive 
mansion block flats in West 
Ken sington and £250,000 resi- 
dences between F ulham Palace 
Road and the river, to streets of 
unimproved terraced booses, 
many jacking the most basic 
amenities, and a virtually 
empty council estate at FnUnun 
Court, where windows are 
smashed or boarded up and 
walls sprayed with graffiti. 

The mish-mash nature of the 
constituency stems, in large 
part from the explosion in 
prope rty prices during the early 
1970* when Chelsea became 
too expensive and people 
moved down the road to 
Fulham. Gtntrifkation of the 
area has not stopped since. 

A statistical profile of the 
consti t u en cy, prepared for The 
Times by CACI and based op 
the latest census figures. 

confirms the varied nature of 
the Fulham seat and its 
occupants - the “new** and 
“old" Fnlbams, as one party 
chief described it at the 

It shows a constituency 
where ‘ white-collar workers 
have moved in and predomi- ~ 
date. The proportion in pro- 
fessional and managerial or 
non-manual occ upati ons - 60 
per cent - is 25 per cent higher 
than the national average, 
while the number of people in 

the 20 to 34 age bracket. - 

21.000 - is a third bigger than 
average: -a bulging “yuppie'* 
pop nlation. 

Yet, snrprisingly. only a 
third , of homes - 10,700 - are 
owner-occupied, compared with 
a national average of 55 per 
rent. A total of 10,500 homes 
are private rented accommo- 
dation - four tunes the national 

Charing Cross hospital, with 

4.000 staff is the largest single 
employer; there are five Tube 

.stations in the constituency; 
British Gas and North Thames 
Gas employ 1,000 in Fulham. 
Unemployment stands at 14 
per cent and touches 20 per 
cent is the worst-hit areas. 

. With the Conservatives 
having lost two- by-elections 
during this Parliament where 
they defended majorities twice 
the size of Fulham's - Brecon 
and Radnor, and Portsmouth, 
Sooth - they are tile party with 
most to fear and lose. 

The Labour Party is under 
the most pressure. Failure to 
regain such a marginal seat, 
when the Government's popu- 
larity has taken a tumble, 
would be disastrous. 

Perhaps the biggest 
unknown is the Affiance. 
Fulham looks trior-made for 
their brand of politics. Yet; to 
date, they have made ao 

• The first opinion poll taka 
in Fulham, conducted by 
Marpfan, puts Labour just in 
front with the Affiance trailing 
in third place. Labour 41 per 
cent. Conservative 37 per cent; 
SDP/Ubs 20 pa cent. 

General Bu ti w .figures, 1983: 
Stawens. M- (Gh 1R204; PomS, A- 
(Lafi): 13ASS; Seidel, D. (L/AH) 
7,194; Crimea, Mb . X ' (Ere) 277; 
Pearce, R. (NF) 229; Keats, J. (fad 
U ^llVnnt 74.1 pr ret 

New era 
for driver 
only trains 

By David Felton 
Labour Correspondent 
Hundreds of trains will run ■ 
without guards from today as ' 
British Rail passes another i 
milestone in its drive to push . 
through productivity improve- 
ments which it has been seeking 
for the past six years. 

The next phase of British 
Rail’s programme to remove 
guards from trains comes into 
effect today with the sum of a 
new eight- week staff rosier. At 
least 150 guards will be taken 
off mainly freight trains al- 
though there has been a 
progressive move to bring in 
new driver-only trains on 
London commuter services by 
the end of this month. 

British Rail is planning to ' 
remove 2,500 guards from 
trains during the next five years 
as a result of an agreement ’with 
the unions was reached after the 
National Union of Railway men 
failed to persuade their mem- 
bers to strike over the issue last 

The corporation has so far 
taken about ISO guards off 
trains and has given a commit- 
ment that the bulk of the 
reduction in the number ut 
guards will be offset vacancies, 
of which there are about 800 at 
the moment. No employee win 
be made compulsorily redun- ' 
dant and anyone not wishing to - 
leave the industry by taking 
retirement will be offered a job 
elswhere in the network. 

British Rail has made plain 
its determination to push * 
through the productivity * 
changes in order to honour ts • 
promise to reduce its govern- 
ment subsidy. In a new year - 
message id staff Sir Bob Reid, 
British Rail’s chairman, painted 
a rosy future for the industry 
with the end of the miners- 
strike and the dispute over one- 
man trans resolved. 

• British Rail’s new “sprinter” ' 
diesel trains go into service 
tomorrow between Nottingham 
and Lincoln. The trains are able 
to accelerate faster up to 75 
mph with a new type of diesel ‘ 

' i 


7 ^uZS pian?s darning. system,, where 
. ! ‘'Vm traces of the bacteria, were 
*' '’■- , m.'?k' found, 'rl^BJey’s managers- are 
!,1f >nwtn«t8 ®° ^s 6 * 8 the. damage to 
j^r' business. 

Sixty temporary and pait- 
- ' ,{ #\\ ^ time staff were made redundant 

. *s last week m an effort to reduce 
the cost of closure and preserve 
■" as many jobs as possible- The 

^'-3 date for- a .start, to production 
--r,, a gain is; not known yet, or. 
: d* 5 whether" more, staff hull be laid 

%**? off Ifr view of toefr negotiations 
'■-■.v, for the sale of the company to 
Bootvnow suspended, Farley’s 

■ 5! , « staying suent aoom ngures. 

Gtjf souatoes say,;. however, 

• :: r that Farley's turnover last year 

- ^ was about £40 riuHion, so that 

•: ;n; .3 1 »‘;dhe closure since December 20 
the Kendal plant, which 
, ... accounts for half its' turnover, 

- Z : L dn**' will have cost about £1,600,000. 

Oh top of that comes the loss. 
- % of the stock withdrawn from "the 

_;‘ J 5 1 market after .the alarm was 
■■,4% raised, .which has been esti- 
. ! .. ‘ mated at between £2.5 million 

. ’ see and £3 million. The company 

. j 1 ti has refbnded about £60,000 to 

• u lirr- consumers who returned 

_ packets. 

support Software 

who -both have about a third of 
the baby milk market, Cowhand 
Gate and Wyeth laboratories^ 
makers of SMA breads;' Mflupa 
accounts for about .3. to 6 per. 
cent Farley’s share was 24/per 
cent''.. .... 

Miss. Greta Baffonf.-pre- 
fessiopal officer \t the. Royal 
College of Midwrves, .said .the 
scare , might “be just ohe more 
‘ reason why a mother-, -may 
decide to breastfeed**. . 

A greater headache than the 
close-down could be the struggle 
to regain the . public's confi- 
dence, and with it. the com- 
pany’s share of the market 

There are stringent restric- 
tions on .advertising baby milk, 
limiting publicity to medical 
and nursing publications and 
tightly controlled official litera- 
ture for mothers. 

Manufacturers say the way to 
a mother’s choice is through the 
advice. of doctors and nurses 
and that it . is on them that 
Farley’s . rehabilitation. . will 
largely depend. .... 

~ The outlook could hot have 
come at - a worse time for 
Fariey’s, which was about 

investigation into the pasteuri- 
zation system at' the. plant 
(Thomson Prentice, Our Sci- 
ence Correspondent, writes). - 
- A; report on the heat-treat- 
ment equipment is. likely to-be 
submitted to the -company 'and 
■ the health officials by consult- 
ant, dairy engineers before the 
end -of this month. 

. Although there has been- no 
indication -that the complex 
system is implicated in . the. 
contamination of baby foods by 
salmonella eqlin$. investigator* 
.believe it is crucial to establish 
that it has been functioning 

Although several traces of the 
bacterium have been discovered 
in parts of the factory's cleaning 
system, investigators are baffled 
as to the entry route of the 

The outbreak of 41 cases took 
place between November 1 and 
December -19 last year, indicat- 
ing that suspected food was 
packaged in June and July: 
Department of Health scientists 
have confirmed that the bac- 
terium was found in one packet 

•' ; if* 

‘; J •''cue** 
’’’ 1 '*-■ 0%' 

• 1 '- ' St; 

.. ' 

• ■ '"'in:! 

• • -.-ar,. 

•• n/ 

" \ ■:=?.!■:*• 

• ■ -i- 7eV 

■ I' -Iftf"*’ 

- !'£ 

• •• *:t?i 


■ - -3:.- M:k 

Neiv era 
fur driver 
t'-nh trains 

cost £1 50m 

. By Pearce Wright 
Science Editor 
Computer software firms in 
Britain are. losing up to £150 
million a. year to pirates who 
sell cheap copied- of computer 
games and business pro- 

Although manufacturers -are 
developing software “locks’* 
and “pn^rpriat matching” to 
prevent, .illegally,-, copies, -i of 
programmes from functioning, 
the exua>fio6ts of the -sechriw 
are hampering other innova- 
tions, and acceptance by con- 
sumers of developments* in 
information technology. ' 

The need for proper legal 
safeguards of software is among 
the main recommendations of 
an international study com- 
missioned by the Government 
andpublished today. . -■ 

It is pan of a larger set of 
studies, agreed by heads .of | 
government at the Versailles 
Summit in 1982. 

The study . concludes ' that j 
there is a long way to go before 
the information and commuto-. 
cation revolutions produce the 
profound fhanfy s that - are 
expected to alter patterns of 
behaviour,; ' for ’■ example,’ in 
relation to work and leisure. 

A revolution in information 
technology is occurring, but 
when public reaction to innova- 
tions such as cable television is 
examined; there is abundant 
evidence that consumers are not 
infinitely malleable as to their 
preferences, it says. 

Public Acceptance of New Tech- 
nologies: New Communications 
Teckiuflogy and the ' Consumer 
(Manchester University, £3 me). 

Solicitors 9 earnings 
low in pay league 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Solicitors are well down the for. some 70 per cent of fees 
professional earnings league, charge to clients, 
according to the finding s pub- Mr Tony Girling, chairman 
lished today of top first survey of the Law Society’s remuner- 
of their «*rnmy fof tea years. ation committee, said: “The 

It shows that even before report provides a picture and 
recent competition over con-_ bodes 31 for toe fixture of the 
veyandng brought lower fees, . profession.** - . 
solicitors in private practice The; survey showed the 
were earning less, than other position . in.. 1984; since then 
professionals, including doctors,, there . had been a ‘'dramatic 
accountants,* bank managers, ' reduction in conveyancing fees 
Ihe^XJlice and AimedTorceat; ' ' ' and restrictions on legal aid**, | 
70 per 'cent of firms 'were which probably, had reduced, 
relying on bank over-drafts and further . the profitability of 
loans to finance practices, with general legal weak, he said. 

I the, small two-to-four partner The report, which had a 
'firms 1 which make up 70 per response rate of .71 per cent of 
cent of toe profession, .feeling its selected sample firms, was 

the squeeze most. 

than they did ten years a 
Based on income in 1 


Although the solicitor’s aver- 

£80,000 or more. 

Altnougn the solicitors aver- Average earnings vary ac- 
age earnings rose by 82 per cent cording to size of firm and type 
between 1976 and 1984, toe rise of work. The net profit share for 
in the index of average of partners was £20,400 for sole 
earnings in toe same period was practitioners; £17,900 in two-to- 
147 per cent. That is partly four partner firms; £28,400 in 
because fees have increase at a five-to-14 partner firms; 
much slower rate than over- £38,200 for 15 or more partners 
heads, toe survey says. Running . outside London, and £81,300 
a solicitors’s practice involves for London firms of 15 or more 
very high overheads, accounting partners. 

«armng R vary 
izeof firm and 

Toll rises fail to stem losses 

By Michael Bally, Transport Editor 

Government policy on - tolls simply another stretch of road; year,, are both dwarfed by an 
ross Br itain 's main rivers pushing, up talisman imposs- existing surplus on road , user 

; ^ 

■ * , >>'; 
- * - m ? 

across Britain’s main rivers 
and estuaries is in a state of 
anfatira that the present toll' 
increases will do little to 
alleviate. The 20p rise this 
month in the car toll across the 
£100 milfion .’Humbo' Bridge, 
the biggest white elephant of 
all, will help to increase its 
annual income by about '£1 
million on a bridge that looses 
£20 motion a year. 

There is- a statutory obli- 
gation on toll operators eventu- 
ally to pay off their debt. But 
because toD levels are inad- 
equate, to cover costs, annual 

deficits con thine to be capita- 
lized, and the accumulated debt 
on toe main crossings, instead 
of - falling nearly doubled to' 
almost £500 million in the five 
yearn to 1983. To have any 
hope of paying off toe debt -on 
the - "H umb er Bridge, cars 
should be paying nearly £13 to 
cross and lorries nearly £100, 
according to an indratry study 
last year. - - ~ 

Tim Severn Bridge faces a 
similar problem with lOSSSS Of 
about £5 million a year, 
compounded by a blfl of up to 
£40 mlllioa for strengthening 
toe £12£ million bridge, and 
perhaps £150 miffion or more 
for an eventual second crossing. 

The deciHon by Mr Nicholas 
Ridley, ; Secretary of State for 
Transport^, to fight toe High 
Court rnHrrg that mat year’s car 
toll increase from 20p to .50p 
"*s illegal is 'testimony more to 
hb dogged determination than 
to a . vfehle Into between. 
England and Wales; • ■ 

.The zpads Ta®by*5 answe* to 
the" proldett iK ; write off toe 
debt since ’Oin peter be . repaid 
and tdqBdr.tpBi md 

tis^ods ■•■ie, -‘for. • road -osere 

ible attempt to pay off debt will 
simply drive road _ users to 
longer routes; which is wasteful- 
of time and money. 

' ' The annual net operating 
income (without interest and 
debt charges) of about £20 
million a year on .toe . mam 
' cros sings, and the annual debt 
char ges of about £60 million a 

existing surplus on road .aser 
taxation (what they pay, less 
what is spent on roads) of over 
£7,000 million a year road 

Mr Ridley will not lightly 
write off debts or forsake 
revenue, however smalL In- 
stead, his solution is to sell off 

tolled c 


Opened 1971 .. 
Cost £7.5ni . 
-Annual toss SSJfcn 

Foeth Bridge 
Opened 1964 
•Annual loss £XHm 

Tay Bridge 
Opened 1966 

'Annuel bss ElOAoi 

SSS55radto£w ISSSww^ii 

\ Currant car Wl 30p 
'Annual vehldes&lm 

Heraey Ttmnef A 

Opened 193V74 : . W 
CostEflSm - ’ . 

'ArewaltossESAn - ■ 
Current car toS40p - . 

Ctoddeu Bridge A 
Opened 1S75 " V 

cS£12m ■ • 

'AnrutfUossEOAm . 
Current car to»50p . 
•Annual vehfctosLaa 

Tyne "timid A 
Opened 1967 w 
‘Annual loss £0.8 m 
CurentcartoB40p - 
'Annual vehicles 7 An 

Number Bridge 
Opened 1981 
'Annual toss £20m ■ 
Current car toBEI 20 
•Annuel vehicles 24m 

Sewn Bridge . 
0penedi96B ; 
•Areiusl toss£45m /> 
Current car tofl 2^ v 

. UdMQ Bridge 
Opened 1977 w 
•Annual toss £iL5m . 
Currant car toS 3£to - 
•Annual vehicles urn 


Hurd backs 
into TV 

The Govenunent and the 
television companies are con* 
sidering a joint research project 
on televirion violence, ■ Mr 
Douglas Hurd, Home Secioary, 
said yesterday. 

Previous research had been' 
inconclusive; leaving the 
Government and the companies 
with just common sense to rely 
on, be said. '- 

: “I think there is a case for 
more research. I have been 
discussing this this week with 
the Independent Broadcasting 
Authority and whether we 
: should work together on further 
research, I agree with that,** he 
told Channel Four's Face the 
Press programme. 

. The Home Office received 
about 20 letters a week on the 
subject, he said. “There is a 
great deal of evidence from MPs 
that the concern goes quite wide 
.and I think the broadcasting 
| authorities ought to pay atten- 
tion to it, as I think they 
increasingly do. 

‘ • “I think the roles are all right 
if you look at the responsi- 
bilities which the BBC gover- 
nors and the IBA have. It would 
be hard to fault the rules.** 

Mr Hurd said he had asked 
the authorities what n&chinery 

MdttS Sampvm,, golden retriever whidi wasMnnited with Rachel 
are doing more nowlo explain Coward after a 12-day ordeal which began when he fell over 
them to the public and I a cliff in Devon on to a ledge. He was saved by a man ont on 
I welcome that.** a walk on Saturday. The dog broke two legs. 


Move of archaeology 
congress solves 
apartheid dispute 

By Norman Hammond, Archaeology Correspondent 

The dispute over this sum- 
mer’s World Archaeological 
Congress because of the partici- 
pation of South Africans has 
been resolved by transferring it 
from Southampton to Mainz in 
West Germany. 

The decision, made by the 
international executive com- 
mittee of the International 
Union of Prehistoric and 
Prolohistoric Sciences (UISPP) 
in Paris on Friday, follows 
several months of wrangling 
after the British committee 
organizing the congress “disin- 
vited” the South African par- 

The move came as a result of 
pressure from Southampton 
Labour-controlled council, the 
Association of University 
Teachers and the students’ 
union at Southampton Univer- 
sity. where the congress was to 
have been held, and the Anti- 
Apartheid Movement. 

In spite of its grandiose title, 
the congress was in feel the 
eleventh regular quinquinnial 
meeting of the UISPP, the main 

forum for prehistoric archaeolo- 

f lcaJ, but one with a heavily 
uropean membership. The last 
meeting in 1981, in Mexico 
City, was the first to be held 
outside Europe. 

The British committee, and 
especially its secretary. Pro- 
fessor Peter Ucko, of 
Southampton University, had 
made determined efforts to 
bring in both American and 
African scholars to make a 
“world congress” a reality. 

While many African del- 
egations are reported to have 
threatened withdrawal if the 
South Africans attended, many 
Americans declare that they 
would not come because of the 
ban. In either case, several 
hundred of the estimated 2,700 
delegates would have been 
missing in September. 

The most recent withdrawals 
of delegations from France, 
West Germany, The Nether- 
lands, Belgium, Spain and 
Switzerland cut for the first 
lime into the UISPFs tra- 
ditional core of support. 

EEC ‘backs I Mixed-sex 

Most house moves Actors urge 
Tess than 5 miles’ 

By Christopher Warman, Property Correspondent l6iaX lUiCS 

About 15 per cent of Britain’s The average distance moved The actors' union Equity 

1 13 million home owners, nearly throughout Britain is 3.94 came under fresh pressure 

2 million, will consider moving miles, and more than 70 per yesterday to relax its restrictions 

within two years, according to a cent of moves are less than 5 on membership to allow more 
survey published by the New miles. . newcomers into the theatrical 

Homes Marketing Board. Commenting on its findings, profession (Our Arts Corre- 

The percentage is even higher the board says that existing spondent writes), 
in the younger age group where government statistics predict . . 

it is most marked among senior that the greatest population and K 5 ul “ J jT eT i • 

and middle management, household growth will be in !^ject of a recent pnvate 
especially in the Greater Lon- semi-circular band around the conference in London at which 
don area and the south; and the west and north of London entry resmeuons were discussed 
figures are further swelled by (Norfolk, Suffolk, Berkshire, bu J "° 
non-owners who hope to buy a Oxfordshire, Buckinghamshire takei V c A 
home in the foreseeable future. and Northamptonshire), and 

«,irf th™ wanted that band will be among the affirmed support for the present 
Most people said they wanted hiahest demand for policy on restrictions for issuing 

to move because they needed a arx=sot highest aero ano lor ^ ^ 

bigger house. About 15 per cent homes in the next decade. ^ 

were - looking for a better The survey’s findings are The campaign against resiric- 
environment outside the cities- incorporated in a new com- lions is being led by a group of 
26 per cent in the Greater puter-based service designed to Equity members, including 
London ajrea- while 16 per cent help home-hunters locate new Miriam Karlin and Prunella 
of those who had moved in the homes anywhere in the country. Scales, the actresses, and Mr 
last two years had done so'for Launched this week, it is called Michael Croft, director of the 
employment reasons. New Homes Hotline. National Youth Theatre. 

commissioned by the Law 

Those ferns do a huger. Society .. 
proportion of legal aid work The first of its kind since the 
than bigger practices, and they 1977 survey for the Royal 
obtain less conveyancing now Commission on Legal Services, 

the survey is.likely to be used as 
the further ammunition in current 

survey disclosed that 10 per negotiations with the Govern- 
cent of afl selfiemployed solid- ment on pay for legal aid work, 
tors in private practice earned In total, all firms in England 
£5,300 or less before tax; 25 per and Wales were estimated to 
. cent earned £13,400 or less; and have - earned almost £200 
50 per cent earned £21,300 or million in 1983-84. Moat of that 
less. sum. 63 per cent, is earned by 

.Out of those earnings they firms of four or more parteners, 
hive to find their, pension and Only the big London firms of 
provide capital to run the ] 5. or more partners earn fees of 

About 1 5 per cent of Britain’s 
13 million home owners, nearly 
2 million, win consider moving 
within two years, according to a 
survey published by the New 
' Homes Marketing Board. 

The percentage is even higher 
in the younger age group where 
it is most marked among senior 
and - middle management, 
especially in the Greater Lou- 
don area and the south; and the 
figures are further swelled by 
non-owners who hope to buy a 
home in the foreseeable future. 

Most people said they wanted 
10 move because they needed a 
bigger bouse. About IS per cent 
were - looking for a better 
environment outside the cities - 
26 per cent in the Greater 
London area - while 16 per cent 
of^ those who had moved in the 
last two years had done- so'for 
employment reasons. 

Charity aid 
tax scheme 

- By Richard Evans 
Lobby Reporter 
An American-styte tax incen- 
tive scheme .* to encourage 
individuals and companies to 
donate more to charities is 
being considered by the 
Treasury in the approach to the 

If Mr Nigel Lawson, Chancel- 
lor of the Exchequer, favours 
toe idea it would mean that 
people and business who make 
contributions to charitable orga- 
nizations would be allowed to 
set them off against taxable 

The radical plan, which could 
have far-reaching financial 
implications for bodies ranging 
from Oxfem to arts establish- 
ments with a charitable status, 
is known to be favoured by 
various governments depart- 

Mr Douglas Hurd, Home 
Secretary, who has responsi- 
bility for charity law; Mr 
Norman Fowler, Secretary of 
State for Social Services whose 
department is closely linked' 
with voluntary organizations; 
Mr Timothy Raison, Minister 
for Overseas Development; and 
Mr Richard Luce. Minister for 
the Arts, could all be expected 
' to back such a change. 

The arts world, where there is 
continual conflict over toe level 
of government funding, is one 
1 key area which could benefit 
from a change in the tax 
structure. It is estimated that 
between £10 minion and £30 
million extra a year could be 

The Government’s business 
sponsorship scheme, which 
persuades companies to provide 
financial support for the arts, 
has been a success. Under it the 
Government contributes £1 for 
every £3 put in by commercial 

But unlike those in toe 
United States, where 80 per cent 
of donations for toe arts come 
from individuals, personal con- 
tributions in Britain are rela- 
tively smalL 

It is argued that by allowing 
people to set off donations 
against lax, a climate would be 
created where individuals 
would be keener to give to 
worthy causes. 

Individuals and businesses 
can donate cash by means of a 
covenant, and although that 
permits the recipient to claim 
bad; toe tax originally paid by 
the donor, it is an inflexible 
system with donors having to 
ove money for a minimum of 
four years. 

If toe new tax scheme is not 
included in Mr Lawson’s 
Budget in March, its supporters 
are hopeful that it could be 
introduced by toe end of the 


The average distance moved 
throughout Britain is 3.94 
miles, and more than 70 per 
cent of moves are less than 5 
miles. . 

Commenting on its findings, 
toe board says that existing 
government statistics predict 
that the greatest population and 
household growth will be in 
semi-circular band around toe 
west and north of London 
(Norfolk, Suffolk, Berkshire, 
Oxfordshire, Buckinghamshire 
and Northamptonshire), and 
that band will be among toe 
areas of highest demand for 
homes in the next decade. 

The survey’s findings are 
incorporated in a new com- 
puter-based service designed to 
help home-hunters locate new 
homes anywhere in toe country. 
Launched this week, it is called 
New Homes Hotline. 

butter plan’ 

By John Yonng 
Agriculture Correspondent 

The EEC has agreed in 
principle to pay toe entire £80 
million cost of a scheme to sell 
cut-price butter to Europe’s old 
age pensioners, according to 
Butterdane (UK), toe marketing 
organization for D anis h butter 
in Britain. 

But the scheme is being 
opposed by the Government, 
which regards toe scheme as 
unworkable, and by Mr Neils 
Kofoed, the Danish agriculture 
minister, who claims that it 
would disrupt toe market. 

Butterdane officials have | 
suggested that pensioners 
should be able to obtain stamps 
from post offices which would 
entitle them to a discount of 
20p on a 250-gram pack. 

They say that the scheme 
would increase consumption in 
Britain alone by 35,000 tonnes a 
year. j 

If other countries adopted 
similar schemes toe EEC butter 
mountain of nearly one million 
tonnes could be reduced more 
cheaply and more beneficially 
than by selling it at cut prices to 
other countries, they add. 



By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs Correspondent 
Mixed-sex prisons are urged 
in a report for the Howard 
League for Penal Reform. They 
would be a way of keeping open 
jails after numbers of women 
in them had been reduced. 

Too few prisons could result 
in many women prisoners being 
moved far away from their 
families, the report says. 

The report, prepared for toe 
league by Lady Seear. leader of 
the Liberal Party in toe House 
of Lords, recommends transfer- 
ring a small proportion of 
selected male prisoners to 
existing women's prisons to 
maintain their full complement 
Living facilities would re- 
main separate and the extent 10 
which men and women pris- 
oners shared opportunities for 
work, education, training and 
leisure would depend on the 
judgement of prison staff. 

The report admits that stress 
could be placed on inmates' 
family relationships through 
fears of jealousy fuelled by 

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Hospital alert 
cancels all 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 


Reductions in hospital beds 
have helped lead to the 

weather was extremely cold, 
when there was an epidemic 

cancellation of all non-urgent such as influenza or when there 
waiting list admissions at seven was widespread iiin«s$ among 
main hospitals in and around hospital staff 
London, according to the -None of these factors seems 
emergency Bed Service. to apply on this occasion.** Mr 

The order to cancel ad- Cross said. “We feel the present 
missions went out last Wedncs- difficulties are related in part to 
day from the service, which the continued reduction of 
helps family doctors to find acute beds across London.** 

beds for emergency cases, after . . . , 

a sleep rise in the number of , " °* 

emergencies referred to the *5 

service, and as the service had ? 10I 'f y b 25 ^ 3 ? en taken out of 
increasine difficulty findine London to improve services 
mcreasmg difficulty rinding elsewhere, and as hospitals have 

The order affects St Geo rue’s tned . to ® c ? mone y «om acute 
teaching hospital. Tooting, and l £ unprove those in lhe 

St James's. Balham, both south “I?/ 11111 ”**: 

London, Si Helier in Carshal- > he decision to order the 
ton. Queen Mary's Hospital at yellow alert was taken after the 
Roehampton. 'the Mayday service had to use its powers 
Hospital in Crovdon. Epsom effectively to order hospitals to 
District Hospital and Kingston take cases in almost three-quar- 
Hospital ters of those referred to it The 

Mr John Cross, the bed yellow alert is to be reviewed 
sen-ice administrator, said the this week. 

Pulpit warning 

Cardinal accuses 
Marcos camp of 
‘sinister 5 poll plot 

From Paul Koutledge, Manila 

In a pastoral letter read from falsify returns in favour of th$ 
every pulpit in the capital of the KBL- . . . . 

Philippines, Cardinal Sin. Arch- The opposition candidate • 
bishop of Manila, yesterday Mrs Corazon Aquino, and.-** 
went further than ever before in former Senator Salvador Laureu 
accusing the Government of her vice-president is I running 
cheating in the presidential partner, have also complained 
election c am paign- of insufficient access to radio 

' “We - see many signs that and television; censorship of 
— Kv and M black 

show a very sinister plot by 
some people and groups to 

advenisements; and “black 
propaganda”, accusing the 

frustrate the honest and orderly Opposition of being in 1 

^ with ih» /•nmmnnmt 

expression of people's genuine 

“Already money has Sowed ' 
freely into the hands of 
teachers, Barangay (“citizens’ 
assemblies**) officials and the 
common people to induce them 
to support political candidates 
in a manner unworthy of free 
persons. .... 

"Already we have seen heard 
and read lies and black propa-. 

;’s genuine with lhe communist New 
People's Army. 

lias flowed ' Cardinal Sin asked the 
hands of faithful noi just to pray for a 
(“citizens’ clean election but to maintain a 
s and the vigil at the 90,000 polling 
iduce them stations on February 7 to ensure 
candidates that voting is fair 
Ehy of free- In a reference to President 
■ ■ Marcos, he concluded: “We also ‘~ 

Ken heard give you the assurance that th£ 
ack propa-. God who “has put down the 

pntin used fry some quarters mighty from their thrones and 
against opponents who are on lifted up the lowly (Luke 1:52) -is 
the other land deprived of with those who pray, work and 
adequate access to the media suffer for the truth." 

decision to order a “yellow 
alert" (red alerts cancel all 

All seven hospitals affected 
are in the South-west Thames 

admissions except emergencies region, but Mr Cross said the 
and recall staff from holiday) three other Thames regions 
was usually taken only when the were also facing difficulties. 

Device can Pressure for 
pick face better riot 
in a crowd damages 

A kiss for Andrei Tarkovsky, aged 15, from his mother, Larissa Pavlovna, on his arrival from the Soviet Union at 

Charles de Gaulle airport, near Paris, yesterday. 

and are thus uqjustly left 

“Already we hear of undue 

On Saturday the President's 
plane had- a near-miss with an 
Air Force plane While landing a; 

Soviet director’s son joins him in West 

pressure exerted on hapless Calapatu Airport -on the Island 
government employees to make of Mindoro. 

■ them work (against the law) for A: a rally j n the town. 

certain candidates.” President Marcos promised to 

*“ “■ - -to « , Filipinos, who wfll need no inaugurate an anti-poverty 

prompting to identify these programme to help the poorest / 
Italy. He lives now In Florence. groups and quarters with the Q f th e poor to become pro- 
Tu „rw ^LiLh. „ _ New Soaety Movement ductive m embers of the society: 

Two outer children, a son (KBL), were urged by Cardinal 

aged 23 and a daughter aged Sin to resist persuasion, intimi- 9 Marcos charge: Looking 
25, have said they do not intend dad on and bribes and to ensure weak but denying he was ill. 

By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs Correspondent 

A £15.000 system which can 
identify individuals in a crowd 
ie being developed to help 
police to catch criminals. 

.Already the device has 
recognized each face in a group 
of 50 and made an identifi- 
cation during a surveillance test 
in bad light. 

The Home Office is to pay 
for a feasibility study to be 
done on matching pictures at 
the scene of crime with stored 
details of faces. Work on 
adapting a system in use in 
industrial work is being carried 
out a Imperial College, London, 
Brunei University in west 
London and Computer Recog- 
nition Systems of Wokingham 
Berkshire, In response to police 

The face of a bank robber - 
caught by bidden cameras 
could be compared with the 
data bank and rioters on video 
could have their pictures 
examined by the computer. 
Faces from football matches 
would enabled police to corre- 
late the same one seen at 
different grounds. 

The system, called Wisard, 
breaks down an image into a 
quarter of a million “picture 
points". The machine measures 
how light or dark different 
picture points are. A series 
randomly selected, is built up 
for comparison with data in the 
computer's memory. 

Paris (AFP) - The teenage 
son and 85-yearold mother-in- 
law of the Soviet film director 
Andrei Tarkovsky arrived yes- 
terday to join him in the West, 
where he has spent two years 
lobbying for their right to 

Mr Tarkovsky announced 
his derision to stay in the West 
in (984, while he was filming in 
Italy. He has been fighting 

By Richard Evans 

Lobby Reporter 

_w _ . . ms oecision 10 stay in tne west 

The Government is to face in 1984, while he was filming in 
renewed Commons pressure to Italy. He has been fighting 
improve the damage compen- since then for his 15-year-old 
sation rights of victims of son Andrei and mother-in-law, 
Handsworth or Tottenham- 
styie riots. 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, shadwo 
Home Secretary, is tabling a 
series of amendments to the 
Public Order Bill because he 
says eligibility for riot compen- 
sation is reduced by the 
proposed legislation. 

When challenged by Mr 
Kaufman during the Bill's 

Anna Egorfcina, to be allowed 

to join him. 

Several h itman rights groups 
in the West have supported 
him, and the Swedish Prime 
Minister, Mr Olof Palme, 
indicated last month that he 
would intercede with the Soviet 
authorities on Mr Tarkovsky's 

On landng at Charles de 
Gaulle Airport on board a 
scheduled Aeroflot (light, 
Andrei and Mrs Egorkina were 
picked op by a car waiting on 

the tarmac and taken to the 
arrivals lounge, where the 
director's wife, Larissa Pavlov- 
na. and a crowd of friends were 
waiting to greet them. 

The actress Marina Vlady, 
who was among them, said they 
would be staying in Paris for a 
while, where the director is 
undergoing medical treatment. 

Mr Tarkovsky, whose best 
known work is probably Andrei 
Rubier, left the Soviet Union in 
1983 to make Nostalgia in 

Italy. He lives now In Florence. 

to leave the Soviet Union. 

According to information 
from refugee representatives hi 
Stockholm, the son and 
mother-in-law were told on 
January 1 1 that they would be 
allowed to leave tile Soviet 
Union this weekend, four days 
after Air Tarkovsky songht the 
help of President Mitterand- 

that the election is “not one president Marcos yesterday 
more national scandal and continued his campaigning in 

offence to God 

provinces. He told 

beginning ... and change in our rallies of an alleged opposition 


plot to stage a mock kidnapping 

In a challenge to the “awe- 0 f Mrs Aquino (Kcilh Dalton 
some power” of President writes). 

Marcos, the leader of [50 million Therc were -stones'* circulat- 
Fihpiiio Roman Catholics said: - in that Mrs Aquino's 

If a candidate wins by planned to stage- 

cheating: he can onlv be * -i. :j 

Bolivian austerity measures 
provoke wave of protests 

T ' . 1 _ | • forgiven by God if be renounces JjJjjnw “gam^sympathy 


to fraud There will be no divine source of 

gA/> llOQfO forgiveness for this act of •* s t or i es *' 

see peace .g- — - 3^5“ w**- « 

delegates d °The pastoral tetter picks up baSdaged,°said he had 

kidnapping" m 
svmoathv from 

me ne nas oy m ]n 6 people”. He did not 

fraud There wfll be no divine source 0 f the 

From John Endecs, La Paz, Bolivia 

forgiveness for this act of “stories” 
injustice without a previous 
decision to repair the damage , ** 10 , 
done." ^ ent j W J 

As to his health, the Presi- 
dent, who had boh hands 


Giles Shaw. | 

Last August the Government hyperinflation spiraL which by 
froze public sector wages. The fast September. Had reached an 

From Roger Boyes 

official minimum monthly annual rate of 24.000 per cent 
I Government led by President wage now stands at 30 million The austerity measures co- 
inHir-awvi that I Victor Paz Estenssoro is causing pesos or Si 5 (£10) while the incided with the suspension on 

sation under the Riot (damages) j 
Act. 1886 would be available! 
only if people had been charged 
with riot - a charge which will j 

increasing unrest among orga- 
nized labour. 

Strikes by militant tin miners 

average wage is estimated at 70 October 24 of trading in tin in 
million pesos, about S35 (£24). London, caused by the losses 
The peso exchange rate with and debts incurred by the 
the dollar has- been allowed to International Tin Council’s 1 

wim nm - a marsc wmrn win i and ° lhcr unions - which were the dollar has. been allowed to international Tin Council’s 1 
__ K . U. i {J. hecau J 1 endemic during lhe three-year float according to market buffer slock manager. Pro- 
of fhV nmvnmnn«rti n(w7r I Government of President Paz’s conditions all price controls duction at Bolivia's government 
oi me new proposes orrcnce or i . A c--— — 

violence disorder. 

In a subsequent “clarifying” 
letter to Mr Kaufman. Mr Shaw 
said that eligibility for compen- 
sation would not depend on 
someone being charged with 
riot but would relate to the 
definition of riot contained in 
the Public Order Bill. 

Mr Kaufman said: “I am still 
not satisfied because in the 
Commons be said the number 
of people needed to be present 
for it to be a riot was a 
minimum of 12, whereas 
previously it was three. 

left-wing predecessor, Senor have been removed, the price of controlled tin mines was vir- 
Hcrnan Siles Zuazo, are on the petrol has been increased tually down to nil even before 
increase again. • tenfold, to the equivalent -of 31 strikes began. The Govefn- 

Some 35.000 tin miners cents a litre (24p) and the merit’s plan to lay off a third of 
stopped work for 48 hours last regime has stopped printing the state-run mines’ 27.000 
week, and in the eastern city of money as a means of meeting workforce has been, temporarily 
Santa Cruz, the army was forced the union's wage demands, suspended, 
to take control of the state- American, bi-lateral and inter- On lhe brighter side, the 

Western and Soviet bloc 
intellectuals yesterday wound 
up. a controversial peace con- 
gress that was marred by police 
nc losses attempts to block Polish dissi- 
by the dents, from mounting “fringe" 
Council’s*, events and contacting delegates. 
,er. Pro- Some of the intellectuals were 
vemment expected to meet General 
was vir- Wojciech Jaruzelski, the Polish 
en before head of state, before leaving, | 
Govern- but participants said there , 
a third of would be no final declaration. 

This has taken some of the 
sting out of potential East-West 
dashes during the closed sem- 
inar sessions at the weekend: 

The pastoral letter picks up bandaged, said he had been 
many of the allegations of scratched by emotional sup- 
cheating made bv the Oopo- P 011 ^- 
sition in recent weeks. School At a rally on Thursday he 
teachers who are to supervise looked pale and exhausted and 
vote counting have been offered was carried to the rostrum, 
bribes nf up to 10.000 pesos where he was given medical 
(£400), almost a year’s salary, to attention. 

Disputed isles to figure 
in Moscow-Tokyo talks 

From David Watts, Tokyo 

Japan and the Soviet Union 
have agreed to consider the 

then Soviet leader. Mr Brezh- 
nev. was asked if the post-war 

owned Palma Sola oil refinery, national organization aid is stale-run oil company. Yaci- ihe Western delegates have not 1 peace treaty. 

disputed northern islands in the problems to be negotiated were 
resumption of negotiations on a to include Ihe islands. He 

where union unrest over redun- being desperately sought. 

Teacher-parent schisms 
‘worst effect of strike’ 

For the second of an occasional i^mummmmmmaaum mbh 
scries of articles on the effect of EM W#lll 

the ll-mootb teachers' pay CUUvA I lUll 

dispute on individual schools, IM CDICIQ 
LUCY HODGES, Education vnWIO 

Correspondent, visited a com- 
prehensive school in Binning- 

* w,n * , believes that the most “insidi- 

At Moseley School, a 1.600- ouslv corrosive" aspect of the 
pupil comprehensive in multi- dispute is the effect of teachers' 
racial Birmingham, the teachers refusal to cover for absent 
have noi been talking to parents colleagues. “Tbe result is iN 
for almost a year. Thai, they almost every day we are sending 
si > is one of the worst effects of youngsters home”, he said, 
the industrial action. On his desk was a large pile 

Their refusal to lake part tn of cyclostyle letters ready to be 
any activity outside school dispatched to parents informing 
hours is one strand in ihe them that their child would not 

(fancies and benefit cutbacks 
had all but halted production. 
Last Friday oil workers called a 
general strike in the region. 

Tbe national labour confed- 
eration. COB, has called a 
meeting of its top leadership 
tomorrow to decide on a 
response to the austerity 
measures. The purchasing 
power of the Bolivian peso has 
declined steadily since August, 
and price increases are occur- 
ring almost daily. 

Washington has given its full 
backing to the economic pro- 
gramme, and the International 
Monetary Fund is expected to 
grant a $ l SO million (£ 1 04 
million) three-year standby 
monetary stabilization loan 
next month. 

Junejo voted 
leader of 
Pakistan party 

From Hasan Akhtar 

The “shock treatment 
designed to halt Bo 

il mientos Petroliferos FiscaJes 

:nt” was Bolivianos (YPFB) is how 
Bolivia's showing handsome profits 
thanks to the increase in petrol 
prices. "Net govemmentreserves 
have risen from a low last July 
or $60 million (£41.6 million) to 
about SI 40 million today. 
The Government hopes to 

had to fight for the inclusion of The agreement came at the 
human rights clauses in the end of what must be seen as a 
final communique. sophisticated exercise in Soviet 

to include the islands. He 
replied: “Da, Da.” 

Then, as now. it was not 
specifically written in to the 

• Most of the Western intellec- 
tuals came to discuss inter- 
national relations rather than 
Poland's problems. 

But a few delegates did have 
sharp words about the Polish 

sophisticated exercise in Soviet statement issued after the 
diplomacy which appears to meeting. But Mr Shevardnadz- 
have left both sides satisfied e’s visit itself is a shift of the 
with the outcome. Moscow was Soviet position. In September. 

hold the line on public-sector authorities and voiced them 

President Paz: hardline 
austerity programme. 

wage increases until next May, 
Last week the principal 
spokesman for the austerity 
programme, the Planning Min- 
ister. Senor Guillermo Bedragal; 
tendered his resignation, pro- 
voking widespread speculation 
that ihe .Government would 
change its policies, but the 
President refused to accept the 
resignation and has indicated 
that hardline economic 
measures will continue. 

both inside and outside the 1 
seminar rooms of the World 
Congress of Intellectuals for 

Others were critical because 

content merely to outline the 
pitfalls of Japan joining the 
Strategic Defence Initiative 
without yielding significantly on 
its principal policy fines. 

Japanese insistence that there 
must be a solution to the 
problem of the islands does not 
mean that there has been a 

itline the 1984. Mr Andrei Gromyko 
ning the refused an invitation to Japan 
Initiative on the ground that the subject 
cantly on of the islands would be brought 
s. up. 

hat there After the discussions a 
to the Japanese Foreign Ministry 
does not briefing officer said: “Mr Abe 
been a and Mr Shevardnadze spent 

morning to evening throughout I change in the basic attitude of more than two hours discussing 

the congress, the police detained 
two dissidents. Mr Jacek Kuron 
and Mr Janusz Onyskiewicz, 

Moscow on whether sovereignty 
should be relinquished. 

At a press conference yester- 

had wanted to make I day morning, his first outside 

contact between the outlawed the Soviet Um 
Solidarity union movement and Sberyardnadze. 
the congress. Foreign Min is 

the Soviet Union. Mr Eduard 
Sbervardnadze, the Soviet 

the territorial question. There's 
no room for misunderstanding 
- for the other side to say that 
the territorial question was not 

Mr Abe himself, told a press 

Strikes hit Argentine recovery 

Foreign Minister, said: “The conference: “Japan, with the 
Soviet Union's understanding conaunique as a starting point. 

From Douglas Tweedale, Buenos Aires 

President Alfonsin of Argen- CGT since Senor Alfonsin took 
tina is bracing himself for a office iwo years ago. Govera- 

has not changed from the past." 

Indeed, the communique 
which he and the Japanese 
Foreign Minister, Mr Shin taro 
Abe, released yesterday does 
not mention the islands 

Islamabad third general strike against his 

Government on Friday, while a 
Pakistan's newly nominated wave of strikes by disgruntled 

ment and labour observers 
believe the current wave of 
unrest could signal the start 

sanctions used by teachers in be required to attend school for Prime Minister. Mr Moham- state sector unions threatens of an inevitable showdown 
support ol iheir £1.200 flat-rate the whole or part of a day. mad Khan Junejo. has been to upset his successful ami- between the President’s aiis- 

IVI\ L'laitll. ThLTC is no nrosnect Pnmnie mil! nnl iwiccniwl in I nf f h — rniinlrv'c ■?— — u , 

support ol i heir £1.200 flat-rate the whole or part of a day. 
pa> claim. There is no prospect parents may not be reassured to 
cither that sanctions will end in know that as a Labour local 
the eseni of a settlement since authority. Birmingham is not 

‘"m ^r ra «„. < h| m ju'Se 0 » , l , S to™* '« «- S. 

~A?r- JuM t0 JUSt ministers’ discussions included 

Th^ ri-maiMtin* “ llie problems which might 

1 h^ n mlnT nf constitute the content of the 

that the Government grant n 

across-the-board wage mcreas- -7-1^ j ana „ 

is.' determined to negotiate 
patiently with the Soviet Union 
on the return of the northern 

The Shevardnadze-Abe meet- 
ing itself constituted the first 
stage of those treaty nego- 
tiations which will be resumed 
when Mr Abe goes to Moscow 
later this year. The Soviet side 
also agreed to consider visits by 

Parents may not be reassured to I elected leader of the country’s 
know that as a Labour local I first political party, the Pakistan 

the National Union of Teachers docking’ pay 

Muslim League, after the of Labour 
withdrawal of martial law umbrella j 
About 200 members of the opposition 
two houses of Parliament who unions, c 

inflation policies. teriiy p 

1 The General Confederation unions, 
the of Labour (CGT), the labour Last 1 

leriiy policies and recalcitrant 

T* 16 wording takes Japan Japanese families to graves in 
^fethe^ end of back tothe posffion ofl973imd lifenonhem islands. 

authority. Birmingham is not Muslim League, after the of Labour (CGT), ihe labour Last week alone Serior Alfon- 
docking pay from teachers withdrawal of martial law umbrella group dominated by sin faced brief strikes from 

commuted iisclt at the weekend refusing to cover for colleagues About 200 members of the opposition Peronist party postal and communications 

to continuing them. who arc sick. two houses of Parliament who unions, called the 24-hou’r unions, refuse collectors, bank 

Moseley's teachers believe Perhaps the saddest effect of support Mr Junejo, met in national stoppage to protest clerks, subway employees, and 

tliai ihe sanctions arc having a the action is the abandonment Islamabad on Saturday to adopt against what it calls Senor several other minor conflicts, 

more senous effect on the of *tlie cottage" project in Wales a party constitution and elect Alfonsin’s “recessionary econo- The strike by post office 

school than the strikes, which foe 270 pupils aged 12 and 13. Mr Junejo president and leader mic policies dictated by the employees, which is still in 

are a regular lea lure ol school Normally every second-year of the ruling Muslim League’s needs of international usury". progress, and that by telephone 

life. and. according to Mr David pupil would spend four days parliamentary party. The President, replies last and telex workers, left Argen- 

Swmfem. ihe head teacher, there seeing the countryside and a faction of the Muslim week with a harshly worded tina virtually cut off from the 

disrupting classes about once pursuing interests in science. League aligned with the Oppo- speech accusing the union's rest of the world on Wednesday 

every two weeks. biology and geography. That sition has, however, challenged of “not taking into account and Thursday. 

Last Thursday, the day ol my has been stopped because it Mr Junejo’s leagu 

visit, the National Association involved teachers in out-of- 

foT ^siToTfoe ffien KC The* «mmu^6 also re- 
an^nnrJ^ Minister, Mr Kakdej Tanaka, to affirmed the invitation for the 

Moscow. At the end, of thrir Soviet le ader. Mr 
tempestuous negotiations the Gorbachov, to visa Japan 

biology and geography. Thai sition has, however, challenged of “not taking into account 
has been stopped because ii Mr Junejo's league and his the true possibilites of the 

involved teachers in out-of- 1 election 

of Schoolmasters/U mon of school-hours work. 

Women Teachers, the second Stuff arc also refusing to take 
biggest union with 16 members part in any curriculum develop- 
at the school, announced they ment or in preparing for the 
were going on strike the next new GCSE‘ examination, 
day The NAS/UWTs lactic is Mrs Joan Cooper, ao NUT 
to use the lightning, selective representative and honours 
strike, withdrawing individual graduate who earns £8.000 a 
teachers for one period at a year, has tauehl French for the 

Mr Junejo, who has been they would end up “conspiring 
heading a caretaker Govern- against the interests of the 
meat since late last month, is workers", 
expected to reform his Govern- The strike will be the third 
mem 24-hour stoppage called by the 

the true possibilites of the The issues at stake in the 
economy", and warning that conflict are vital for the 
they would end up “conspiring continued success of the 
against the interests of the Government's six-month-old 
workers". “Austral plan", the drastic 

The strike will be the third economic reform which has 
24-hour stoppage called by the brought down the annual 

wages would also ruin their 
efforts to keep the budget 
balanced and would revive the 
threat of hyper-inflation. 

The Government permitted a 
one-time wage rise of 5 percent 
in December to compensate for 
continued low inflation, but 
union leaders rejected it as 
insufficient to make up for lost 
buying power. 

Gorbachov, to visit Japan 

Somalia and Ethiopia 
attempt to heal rift 

Djibouti (Reuter) - AFP - 


the two 

Somalia and Ethiopia said states fought a border war in 

yesterday they had held con- 1977-78. 

structive talks and pledged, to Long-standing animosilv 

The success of Senor Alfbn- 1 work together to heal a 20-year between the two has been a kev 
in's anti-inflation nlan has I rifr plpmpnf in 

sin's anti-inflation plan has 
been somewhat tempered by 
near record unemployment 


Colonel Me agism Haile 
Mariam, the Ethiopian leader. 

element in introducing super- 
power rivalry into the strategic 
Horn of Africa, which controls 

businessmen claim is a con- 
tinued recession. 

some j and President Bane of Somalia entry to the Red Sea. 

had three hours of talks here oh 
Saturday and yesterday, their 

strike, withdrawing individual graduate who earns £8.000 a 
teachers for one period at a year, has taught French for the 
umc. thereby causing havoc to past scven-and-a-half years. She 
the pupil s day. “One day says that teachers do not want 

Mitterrand razzmatazz enthrals the party faithful 

children had to be sent home uTstop thei 
lour times." Mr Swinfem. who they now h: 
is a member of the NUT, said. lessons pro 
Teachers' refusal to under- marking. M 
lake lunchtime supervision beginning u 
means that all Moseley's cbil- teachers do. 
dren are “sent home" at Parents c 
midday. Whai this means is have been 
ihot many children loaf about ferine. Mr S 

10 stop their sanctions because 
they now have time to prepare 

From Susan MacDonald 

imported from Paris, and was * President Mitterrand spoke for 
able to follow the arrival of the more than one and a half hours. 
Prime Minister and then the glancing at his notes occasion- 
» a giant screen set ally. 

e p odium, supporters He was in a sense preaching 
and outside the film to the converted. The audience 
vfld as the President had been carefully selected and 
here were deafening a lone heckler who made his 
Mitterrand, Mitter- feelings beard soon after the 

, 1Y,1 L_1 IMUliW BUU UIW ■ IUC 

lessons properly and do their piS dSta Jh President «» a screen set 

marking. Moreover, parents are J ratQr .. and shSro^shin Itthe np near . liie P°ditun. supporters 
beginning lo realize ho» much Kf 

Parents of Moseley children! rwviilv , 
hayc been extremely long-suf- 1 1 * rll< . 

Quevdly. where M Laurent 0 f 

faring. Mr Swinfem said lhat be 1 a rand " 35 be walked length of President started speaking, was 

had had very few irritated I JJJJJgL n r~ °Vn non «v*Tn« the tent, smiling and waving. rapidly manhandled ont of the 

■ •l n A n n» M llc’ Dn rin n .h..c. I capacity Of 10,000 socialist n,. “Marsri taise” was halL srill nrUMriru.. 

ihe school grounds, remaining had had very few irritated £££- "7% 
the responsibility of the head lelcphone calls and no abuse. SKSLJ* 10 
teacher, while others go 10 the “Parents have shown incred- so ^ ort ^* . , 

local "chippie . Luckily, lor jWe understanding. Thev are .The Event, wi 
Swinlem. there have been no g(rH ing near to the point when mzed with all the 
accidents. . .yet. they cannot take it any more entertainment spi 

The head teacher, who but that does not mean the P* 2ce 111 *5 eBOri 
teaches religious and social action will cease. Teachers arc constructed tent, 
education, information tech- going to gel more determined The audience 
nologv. and "a bit" of English, and parents lash out". up" with music 

nology. and “a bit" of English, 

iv^iinviib Miia ojju iiu auuK* - 116 “Maraeihuse was 

“Parents have shown incred- „ ... played as he reached toe simple 

ible understanding. They are . *“ e 5*®“*. ^ rfuch , w ? s white podium, notes in hand, 

getting near to the point when mze “ w T lt “ *® e precision man Behind him toe plain white 
they cannot take it any more entertain m ent spectacular, to<« backdrop, with the wards 
but that does not mean the enormous, specially Ubeni, Egalite, Fratemite, was 

action will cea se, Teachers arc constructed tent. transformed into toe French flag 

imino in p.-i msm* A'lominwi The audience was “wanned with the aid of coloured lights. 

up" with music from a hand .Obviously in his dement, 

transformed into toe French flag 
with the aid of coloured lights. 
..Obviously in his dement, 

rapidly manhandled out of the 
haU, stflj protesting. 

The President went in 
considerable detail, over the 
achievements of the govern- 
ment of M Pierre Montoy and 
M Fabhes over toe past five 

He dwelt' long an toe 
economic achievements, stating 

that only now were toe benefits 
beginning to be felt and that it 
would be very sad if toe 
Socialists were unable to 
continue the work on the 
reconstruction of France that 
they had started. 

However, he was at pains to 
point out that he was first and 
foremost the President of 
France - the President of all 
French people. He had no wish 
to divide one against the other, 
but asked only that people 
reflect well before voting and 
respect tbe work the Socialists 
had done. 

He ended by stating that as 
President he was not affiliated 
to , any particular' political 

faction. “The Socialists - I love j 
them" be said, while going on j 
to point out that he was a ' 
worker tofliog for toe benefit of 
all France. 

M Mitterrand's personal, 
popularity continues to rise In 
the opinion polls. Le Point 
magazine shows today that 50 
per cent of those questioned 
have a very good or fairly good 
opinion of the President, this is 

“The discussions between the 
two heads of state were 
constructive and were aimed at 
creating the necessary con- 
ditions for . . . the establishment 
of lasti ng peace between the two 
countries, the two sides said in 
a joint statement. 

They agreed to set up a joint 
committee to "examine and 
indentify areas of basic differ- 
ences and report at an early dine 
to the two heads of state on 
ways and means of resolving the 
difference between the two 

Somalia has laid claim to the 
pesden desert region since 
independence m i960, and the 

an 8 per cent improvement two neighbours, went to wa» 
since a similar poll In Novemb- over the area, ; which is in- 

However M Fabius’s stand- 
ing is deareasing, with only 38 
per cent of respondents having 
a -very good or fairly good 
opinion of him. 

habited by ethni£ Somalis: 

Ethiopia repulsed the Somali 
Anuy after the Soviet Union 
rosh^ faige am junts of arms to 
the Ethiopian forces and Cuba 
sent troops. j ^ 

Both these businessmen 
speak regularly to New York. 

The man on the left usually 
spends twice as long on the 
phone as the man on the right 

n on the left has 

the smaller phone bill 
How come? 

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nice deal 

From Our Correspondent, Beirut 

—J 1 ! e ^ ,:irl 10 “ lva SC the Instead, the Syrians relied on notaligncd with S>ria_ The result 
plan sponsored by Syria. Mr Elie Hobcik'a. aged 29. the could be a Syrian "soft" 
yesterday commander of the Christian rapprochement towards Mr 
\lS n i a thr 5 e j Lcb a ncse Lebanese Forces militia, the Gcmayel or applying military 
.Muslim leaders headed by Mr mam fighting machine of the pressure to accept the agrement 

ttu.ttJd Narami. the Prime Phalange party. The choice as Mr Hobcika signed it. 
T\-I™* lCr ' l0 n ‘ 1,S palace in backfired last Wednesday when Muslim leaders have vowed 
"S meeu'ng Gemavd loyalists, who opposed never to negotiate directlv with 

L rtaT' i an - °(hope. the pact from ihe beginning, Mr Gcmayel and to fight until 
he lack of usually optimistic defied and defeated MrHobeika. he is defeated and deposed, 
announcements hinted that m a day of fierce fighting. Mr Nabih Bern. Lebanon’s 

aesDUc Syria s elions. peace That left Syria and as mam Justice Minister and leader ol 
seekers face a colossal task in allies in the Muslim camp the Shia Muslim Antal move- 

he face of the recent lighting in virtually with no Chrisiain ment. on Saturday called on the 

Leoanon s C hristian camp. counterpart to implement the Lebanese armv tq rebel against 

L°v, i 1 in h who ? r ° u ^ u P eare P ,an - Hopes to end 10 the President 'and said "peace 

r! 01 - Muslim. Druze and Chns- jearsot civil war faded swiftly as is impossible unless the presi- 

Mr Gcmayel milled support dential term is cut”, 
from Christian hardliners who His civil war allv, the Druze 
consider the accord unaccept- warlord. Mr Walld Jumblait 
able because it would end the said “the last chance for peace 
Christians’ domination of Leba- in Lebanon has been lost” and 
non’s politics and control over called for a general boycott 
fhcarmcd forces, Parliamentand against Mr Geraayel. 
thcjudiciary. Mr Jumblait and Mr Bern 

while the Syrians were faced control about 12,000 fighters 
with this development Mr with 200 Soviet-made tanks. 
Gcma>e! has found himself They and their allies ring the 
unexpectedly emerging as the Christian heartland north and 
rallying figure for all Christians north-east of Beirut. 

nan leaders to the negotiating 
taplc and persuaded them to 
sign an armistice accord on 
Dumber 25 after months or 
painstaking talks, may now 
conclude that good intentions 
2 re not enough to avert a new 
round of civil war. 

Pan of the failure could be 
blamed _ on the fact that 
Lebanon’s Christian President 
Gemayel was never taken 
seriously in the peace talks. 



From Ray Kennedy 

Chief Leabua Jonathan. 
Prime Minister of Lesotho, said 
yesterday that he remained in 
control of the country, amid 
repons that the real strongman 
is now Major-General Justin 
Lekhanye. commander of the 
Paramilitary Unit (PMU). 
which last week surrounded the 
Prime Ministers offices for five 

The capital. Maseru was calm 
yesterday after fighting on 
Friday, said to involve the 
Army and the ruling Basuto 
National Party’s youth league. 
\\ least 15 people are reported 
to have been killed. 

Bui the blockade of ihe liny 
country by South Africa, which 
is demanding that the African 
National Congress presence in 
Lesotho be eliminated, was 

South African police were 
Idling about two vehicles an 
hour through the border post 
between Ficksburg in the 
Orange Free State and Maseru. 
Local people were walking 
across the frontier with cans of 
petrol, and a Maseru cafe owner 
was using his light aircraft to fly 
in bread. 

Chief Jonathan told the 
South African Broadcasting 
Corporation that he was in 
control and had complete 
confidence in General Lekha- 
n;.c. The fighting had been 
between rival factions in the 
PM I.', lie said. 

Mr Desmond Sixishe. the 
Information Minister, said four 
PMU members were killed after 
a mutiny led by . Colonel 
Shelaba. a friend" of General 
Lekhanye. He said 27 of the 
mutineers, including the colo- 
nel. had been arrested and 10 
had deserted and taken to the 

According to other reports, at 
leas; i5 were killed in the 
lighting, which appeared to be 
between the PMU and the 
radical youth league. 

On Saturday, helicopters 
were seen ferrying stretcher 
cases from the PMU barracks at 
Makwanyana. three miles from 
the capital. 

PMU officers are understood 
to have become increasingly 
concerned about the growing 
influence of the youth league, 
which is believed to have strong 
ties with the ANC. and feel that 
Chief Jonathan, who is in his 
seventies, is too weak to stand 
up to it. 

Tribal battle 
kills seven 
in mining town 

From Ray Kennedy 

Seven black miners were 
killed and 45 injured yesterday 
in a savage international battle 
at the KJoof gold mine near 
Carlctonvillc. west of Johannes- 

Last night a spokesman at the 
mine, managed by Cold Fields 
of South Africa, said the 
situation v,a> still tense but 
under control. 

Four of the injured were hit 
by police shotgun fire, accord- 
ing to a police statement which 
said the fighting started just 
after midnight and lasted more 
than six hours. 

The mine spokesman said the 
fighting erupted between about 
1.000 Zulus and LOCO Pondos 
o\er a Zulu invasion of their 
shebeens and spread to Xhosa 
ana Shangaan factions at the 
mine, which has a total black 
labour force of 1 3.000. 

It appeared that the fighting 
at the mine was a continuation 
of the battle between Zulus and 
Pondos at Umbogmtwini on the 
Natal coast just before Christ- 
mas in which more than 60 
Pondos were killed. 

90 die in Guatemala air crash 

Trip to Mayan site 

Guatemala City i Reuter i - 
Rescue workers hacked their 
way through thick jungle in 
nonhem Guatemala yesterday 
10 retrieve the remains of 9& 
people, some of them foreign 
tourists, who died in the 
country's worst air crash. 

Civjj aviation officials said 
many of the victims who 
included the former Venezuelan 
Foreign Minister Sefior Aris- 
tides Calvani. and the EECs 
representative in Caracas, M 
Alexander Skaiovich. were 
burnt beyond recognition in the 
fia* after the crash. 

The twin-engined Caravellc 
jet of the private Guatemalan 
company. Aerovias. was prepar- 
ing to land at Santa Elena 
airport after a 150-mile flight 
from the capital when it crashed 
into a jungle-covered hill on 
Saturday morning. 

Airline officials said there 
were at least six US citizens on 
the flight, as well as two Britons, 
two Canadians, two Dutch, a 
West German and a Greek. 

Most of the foreigners were 
visiting the ancient ruins of 
Tikal near Santa Elena, one of 
the biggest Mayan cities and a 
popular tourist attraction. 

Eye-witnesses raid the area 
was" very cloudy at the time of 
the crash. The aircraft had 
asked for permission to land 
and was on its second pass c»\ er 
the airport, it flew into cloud 
and then a loud explosion was 

heard, probably as the aircraft 
hit the hill. 

The Civil .Aviation director. 
Colonel Adolfo Corzo. said the 
cause of the crash remained 
unknown, but two flight re- 
corders had been recovered and 
were being examined. 

He said that some 60 bodies 
had been recovered so far and 
were being flown by helicopter 
to a nearby Air Force base. 

Senor Calvani. who was 
Venezuelan Foreign Minister 
from 1969 to 1974, was an old 
friend of President Vinicio 
Ccrezo of Guatemala and was 
in the country for his inaugur- 
ation last Tuesday. He was on 
his way to the ruins at Tikal 
with his wife and two daughters. 

M Skaiovich. who was 
French, had also been travelling 
to the Tikal ruins. He was to 
have held discussions with 
senior Government officials 
about setting up a centre in 
Guatemala for EEC studies. 

those killed were a British 
husband and wife. David and 
Sally Field. Mr Field was a 
representative for British Aero- 
space in Mexico City, who had 
travelled to Guatemala on 
business (John Carlin writes). 

The couple. Relieved to have 
been in their laic thirties, were 
on their way to Tikal. They had 
two children both at boarding 
school in England. 

Townspeople from Flores in northern Guatemala mourning 
the death of a local nun who was one of the 90 victims of 
Saturday's air crash in which two Britons also died. 

Swiss controls 

Bern (Reuter) - Switzerland, 
where one in four ot the 
working population is a 
foreigner, announced plans to 
introduce tougher penalties - 
including possible jail terms - 
from May for companies 
employing immigrants without 
work permits. 

Births target 

Nairobi (AFP) - Kenya, said 
to have one of the highest birth 
rates in the world, is to launch a 
550 million (£36 million! 
programme to cut the rise from 
4 per cent to 3 per cent a year, 
the Vice-President and Minister 
for Home Affairs. Mr Mwai 
KJbake. said here. 

to cure 

From lan Murray 


Mr Shimon Peres, the 
Israeli Prime Minister, arrives 
in London from The Nether- 
lands tomorrow for what he 
sees as the most important part 
of bis European trip. 

Although most or his 
crowded schedule will be 
devoted to trying to dram up 
more trade for Israel, and to 
pressing his country's case in 
the Middle East peace process, 
the centrepiece of the 12-day 
trip is seen as his 90-minute 
meeting with Mrs Thatcher. 

Mr Peres will try diplomati- 
cally to persuade the Prime 
Minister that she is wrong in at 
least three way's in her 
approach to the Middle East. 

The first is in continuing to 
place any confidence at all in 
the PLO. Mr Peres will argue 
that it is a terrorist organiza- 
tion and that Mr Yassir Arafat, 
its leader, is Incapable of 
taking any of the decisions 
needed to produce a peaceful 

To prove bis point, Mr Peres 
need du no more than remind 
Mrs Thatcher of last October's 
planned meeting in London, 
which Britain cancelled when 
the two Palestinian representa- 
tives refused to sign an agreed 
text recognizing Israel and 
renouncing terror. 

’the second bone of conten- 
tion is in arms sales. Britain 
maintains an arms embargo on 
sales to Israel while competing 
to sign lucrative deals with 
Arab countries. 

Although he will be too 
polite to say so, in so many 

Iraq rocket 


i tr .1-'- 

in Gulf 1 

Sefior Felipe GonziUez, the Spanish Prime Minister (left), with Mr Shimon Peres, Prime 
Minister of Israel, after the formal establishment of diplomatic ties yesterday. 

words. Mr Peres regards 
Britain's attitude as nothing 
short of hypocritical, with the 
embargo maintained simply not 
to offend potential wealthier 
Arab customers. 

The third is in refusing to 
apply economic sanctions 
against Libya, again for purely 
mercenary reasons, Mr Peres 
believes. Britain exports about 
i £250 million in goods to Libya, 
and imports about £155 million 
worth, a favourable balance 
which Israel believes is a prime 
reason for opposing sanctions. 

Mr Peres has another 
mission in London which is of 

S assionate concern to many of 
is electorate: Israel's claim to 
be recognized by the football 
authorities as "European", so 
that its clubs can compete in 
European championships. He 
will be seeking support from 
the powerful Football .Associ- 
ation. pointing out that geogra- 
phy has already been ignored 
to allow IsreaJ to compete in 
the European Song Contest. 

During his stay in London.- 
Mr Peres will have lunch with 

the Prince and Princess of 
Wales, whom he says be would 
like to invite to IsraeL 
Mr Peres's European tour 
ends in West Germany, where, 
he w31 make a piligramage to 
the Bergen- Belsen concen- 
tration camp, and visit West 
Berlin. All meetings with West 
German leaders, he will argue 
the same points about the PLO 
and Libya that he is raising in 

How Britain can help 

and Spain repays debt, page 12 

Spain hopes to speed Middle East peace 

The Hague (Reuter) - The 
Prime Ministers of Spain and 
Israel yesterday hailed the 
establishment of diplomatic 
relations between the two 

hesitated on the step since his 
death in 1975 for fear of 
compromising its close relations 
with Arab countries. 

Mr Peres said Spain could 

States Assistant Secretary of East problems", he said. 

State, last night for talks on the 

Middle East, a Dutch govern- G Talks revival: Mr Murphy's 
ment spokesman saicL talks in Europe are part of a 

Mr Peres indicated there complex series of international 

countries as a historic step use its position to the advantage would be no early breakthrough contacts intended to explore the 
which could contribute to of all. “With the benefit of in the peace process as prob- prospects of reviving the stalled 
Middle East peace. balanced and friendly ties with lems had still to be resolved in Middle East peace process (our 

Mr Shimon Peres of Israel all the parties in the conflict, it agreeing a proper forum for Diplomatic Correspondent 
and Senor Felipe Gonzalez of can serve as a bridge between negotiations, and on the rep- writes). 

Spain met for four hours of us. thus contributing to the resentation of Palestinians. Although US officials have 

peace process in the Middle Sefior Gonzalez said the been extremely guarded about 
East", he said. forging of foil relations with Mr Murphy’s itinerary, he is 

The Israeli Prime Minister. Israel was pan of Spain's understood to have held private 

Rotterdam (Reuter) «. A- 
man was kilted and *2* 
injured in a rocket attack?!! 
495-ton Dutch oil ntaintenarw 
ship the Smit Maassluis infE 
Gulf, the vessel's owners sS 
here. The crew had been lifS 
off. ^ ’ 

Shipping sources in Bahrain 
said the ship was hit SO 
south of Iran’s main 
terminal at Khaig island. 1 

The dead man and siz of [h, ; 
ipjured were part of an AustrT ! 
lian maintenance and divhij i 
team on board. Two of i 

mainly Dutch crew were i 

slightly injured. 1 

Smit Maassluis. the owner 
reckoned the vessel had ben 
damaged irreparably. la 
dad, a military spokesman said 
Iraqi planes had attacked a Un» 
naval target, its usual term fS 
an oil tanker or merchant ship 
earlier in the day. *" 


Haitian march on 
palace blocked 

Port-au-Prince (.AFP) _ 
Police dispersed a march oi 
2,500 people, mostly women 
many with babes-in-arms, head- 
ing for the palace, of President, 
for-life Jean-Claude Duvalier 
and singing in favour of a u nev. 

In ihe city of Gonaite-,. 
police broke up a demon- 
stration from a slum distnei. 
before it got under way. Han; 
has been in ferment since four 
students were shot in Gonaive* 
last November 28. 

Peace year 

New York (Reuter) - The 
Ifoiied Nations Security Coun- 
cil marked the 40th anniversary 
of its inaugural meeting by 
announcmg 1986 as an "Inter- 
nationai Year of Peace". Peace 
had been preserved on a global 
basis for 40 years, but conflict 
and tensions persist, it ob- 



talks in The Hague to set the 
sc-at on their agreement on 
Friday to open embassies in 
each other's countries for the 
first lime. 

Spain, which under Franco 
did r.ot recognize Israel, had 

beginning a 10-day tour of The opening out to the world after talks with King Husain of 
Netherlands, Britain and West isolation in the Franco era. "I Jordan in London before gojng 
Germany, was due to meet Mr hope we can contribute now to on to The Hague for his meeting 
Richard Murphy, the United the peaceful solution of Middle with Mr Peres. 

Men behind the factions in South Yemen power struggle 

Pragmatist who tried to 
woo both East and West 

Hardliner determined to 
toe pro-Moseow line 

Bahrain (Reuter) - South 
Yemen’s President Ali Nasser 
Muhammad, reported to have 
been deposed in a power 
struggle, kept close links with 
Moscow- while seeking better 
ties with his conservative Arab 

A leading flgnre in bis 
country’s left-wing movement 
since the 1960s. he had been a 
central figure in South Yemeni 
politics since independence in 

He became Prime Minister 
in 1971 and President in 1978 
after a bloody coup in which bis 
predecessor, Rubayi Ali, was 

Mr Nasser Muhammad, 
aged 49, ceded the presidency 
at the end of that year to Mr 
Abdoi-Fartah Ismail, a har- 
dline Marxist said to be a 
leader of last week's revolt, but 
regained it two years later when 
Mr Ismail stepped down, citing 
health reasons. 

A leader of the uprising 
against British rale in 1965 and 
1966 in the Beihan region, near 

the country ’s north-west border 
with Sandi Arabia. Mr Nasser 
Muhammad was made head of 
the country’s Second Governo- 
rs te after independence. 

Siding with the Marxisr 
faction in the new government, 
he was made Minister for Local 
Administration in June, 1969. 

As the government led 'by 
Rubayi AJi moved to the left, 
Mr Nasser Muhammad's pos- 
ition was strengthened, and at 
the end of 1969 he became 
Defence Minister. 

The moderate Prime Minis- 
ter. Mohammad AH Haitham. 
was removed in August. 1971. 
and Mr Nasser Muhammad 
replaced him. also joining the 
presidential council with Presi- 
dent Rubayi AJi and Mr Ismail. 

Thronghont the 1970s Mr 
Nasser Muhammad was the 
driving force behind adminis- 
trative and economic reform, 
gradually consolidating his 
position within the power 

and to membership of the 
Presidential Council under 
President Rubayi .Ali. 

Firmly pro-Soviet. Mr Ismail 
became increasingly estranged 
from Rubayi Ali, who had 
begun to lean more towards 
Peking since a visit to China in 

Mr Nasser Muhammad be- 
came Prime Minister in 1971. 
joining Mr Ismail on the 
Presidential Council and consti- 
tuting between them leadership 
of the Moscow faction in the 

In June 1978 they used North 
Yemeni accusations that Aden 
was behind the assassination of 
president Hussein al-Ghashmi 
in Sanaa to oust and kill Rubayi 

Mr Nasser Muhammad in- 
of Southern Yemen in 1967. Mr itially became interim head of 
Ismail was given the post of state, but ceded the presidency 
Culture and National Guidance to Mr Ismail in December at the 
Minister. first meeting of the new Yemeni 

By |469 his growing power Socialist Parly. Mr Nasser 
was reflected in election as Muhammad resumed the 
secretary -general of the front premiership. 

Bahrain (Reuter) - Ex-Presi- 
dent Abdul-Fatiah Ismail. 47, 
who appeard to have won 
Control of South Yemen yester- 
day after a week-long battle to 
remove President Aii Nasser 
Muhammad, is described by 
Western diplomats as a hardline 
Marxist ideologue. 

A former technical worker 
with British Petroleum, he 
joined the National Liberation 
Front of rebels against British 
rule in Aden and the Protector- 
ate of Southern Arabia. 

Within five years he was head 
of its military and political 
activities in Aden, and with Mr 
Nasser Muhammad became a 
leading light of the front's 
Marxist wing. 

After independence and uni- 
fication of the two states as the 
People's Democratic Republic 

Shuttle rush to meet comet deadline 

From Mohsin AIL Washington 

Nasa engineers are making an The landing diversion could Challenger will be able to lift oft' 
2 ll-oui effort to get the shuttle set back Nasa's schedule for as planned next Saturday 
Columbia, which was 25 days preparing Columbia for its next Among its crew will be a high 
late blasting off and two days mission by about five da>s. as school teacher. Christa Me Au- 
la te returning to Earth on the shuttle now has to be taken liffe. the first private citizen to 
Saturday, ready for launching back to Florida on a Boeing travel in space, 
on March 6 to photograph 74". ft «i|] be the first time that 

Halley s Comet. ^ "I am optimistic we arc going wo shuttle missions have been 

The trouble-plagued Colum- to come v ery close to the sixth." scheduled so closely together 
bia. the oldest of the lour said Mr Jesse Moore, the shuttle Columbia, with its crew of 
shuttles, landed at Edwards Air programme administrator. “We seven, including Congressman 
Force base. California, at dawn have got a shot at the sixth, a Bill Nelson, suffered a record 
on Saturday after last-minute very good shot at the sixth." seven postponements in one 
orders not to land at the Nasa is anxious to keep to the month because of mechanical 
Kennedy Space Centre. Florida, tight schedule of 15 shuttle and weather problems before 
on Thursday and Friday be- launches this year and is being launched on its scientific 
cause ol bad weather. confident ihaL the shuttle mission on Januarv 12. 


Canadian television viewers, 
who are bombarded by Ameri- 
can snows from morning till 




The Conncisseur Gallery 
14/15 Halkin Arcace 
London SW1X SJT 
Tel: 01-245 5431 

From John West, Ottawa 

At that point. 90 per cent of cultural invasion that Canada is 
she programmes on ihe CBCs exposed to through television. 

English and French-language Ninety-eight per cent of all 
night, would have a change of services would be Canadian, the drama available on Cana- 

diet under a plan recently This would be supplemented by dian television comes from the 

unveiled by the Government- "the best television from any- L r S. Some of it, especially that 

owned Canadian Broadcasting where in ihe world", including provided by the non-cornmer- 

Corporation ICBC). Britain, France, other European rial Public Broadcasting Sys- 

In a ISS-page briefing paper countries and Australia. tem. is remarkably good - but 

for ihe federal Government task The CBC also urges that the most is mediocre to dreadful 
force on broadcasting, the CBC Government set an overall marked bv a relentless sameness 

outlined far-reaching proposals national target of more than 50 and vapidity 

intended to increase Canadian per cent domestic programming as well as the strong bias 
content and change viewers' by 1990. The CBCs own toward American drama on the 

orientation. content is already about 80 per private stations and the two 

The most coniroversal pro- cent Canadian. But the proposal Canadian commercial net- would, for the^ first time, gi'_e 

posai calls for the removal of would demand considerable works, most Canadian viewers Americans “ao electronic 

American commercial pro- readjustment by privately- have direct access to ihe major awareness of Canadian attitudes 

grammes from the CBC net- owned stations and networks. American networks by cable 

work bv September 21. 19S7. whose schedules arc filled with from trans-border outlets. ; 
except * for an unspecified cheaply-bought .American fare. "No other country in the . 
number of "high-quality pro- The significance of the CBC world allows that kind of 
grammes". scheme lies in the size of the cultural penetration," says the 

CBC paper. Even in predomi- 
nantly French-speaking Mon- 
treal (here arc more English 
channels - because of the 
availability of American chan- 
nels - than French. 

Not content with increasing 
Canadian content at home, the 
CBC. would counter-attack the 
Americans by establishing a 
■'super-station" at Windsor. 
Ontario, across the border from 
Detroit, to beam Canadian 
programmes free of charge to 
U.S. cable companies. This 

to Ihe world, the U.S. and 

The fate of the CBC package 
is not clear. Assuming that it is 
endorsed in Ihe task force report 

expected in March, it would still 
have to be accepted bv the 
Conservative Cabinet. 

They may balk at spending 
more money on the CBC, whose 
billion-dollar operating budget 
is already mostly paid for from 
taxes. Changes in CBC network 
programming are suggested, and 
an accompanying cut in com- 
mercials would cost the 
Treasury about $Can75 million 
l£37.5 million). 

The Government would also 
have to be prepared to decree an 
appreciable increase in Cana- 
dian programming by the 
private networks. “More would 
be expected of them,” a CBC 
spokesman said. 

That kind of diktat might not 
be much appreciated bv the 
television moguls. 

Tests give 

From .Michael Binyon 

In a terse two-line statement, 
the White House confirmed at 
the weekend that final labora- 
tory tests of the three intestinal 
polyps and facial tissue re- 
moved from President Reagan 
on Friday had been completed 
and all were benign. 

The President's first foil 
examination since his canceT 
surgery in July showed no sign 
of recurrence of cancer in the 
colon or elsewhere in the body, 
according to brief statements 
issued on Friday night and 
Saturday. Under orders from 
Mrs Nancy Reagan however, 
the White House has not said 
what kind of polyps were found 
or given any further details of 
Mr Reagan’s test results and his 
slate of health. 

The check-up included a 
colonoscopy with flexible, 
ugh ted tube inserted into Mr 
Reagan's colon, blood tests, X- 
rays and a Cat scan. A shaving 
°* ® ptmpie of the right side 
of Mr Reagan’s face was also 
taken for examination to see 
whether there was any recur- 
rance of the skin cancer found 
on his nose in the summer. 

The White House said the 
President, who will be 75 next 
month, was in excellent health”. 

Climb prelude 

Katmandu (AP) - Reiiuhold 
Messner ofltaly foa set up base 
c;*mp for his attempt to climb 
Mount Makalu. (27,758ft), ont 
of only two 8.000-mei.*: 
(26.240ft) peaks in the world 
which he has yet to conbues. 
The other is Mount Lhotsc, alto 
in north-east Nepal. 

Chad frees 122 

The Chad Government has 
released 122 political detainees 
in a ceremony in The capital 
N'djamena. the state-controlled 
radio said monitored in Lon- 
don. It was part of a deal sired: 
with opposition leadens who 
have rallied to President Habrc 
after years of exile. 

Rescuer killed 

Melbourne (Reuter) - An 
American hang-glider pilot was 
electrocuted as he tried w 
untangle a team colleague from 
power lines during the Ausets- 
lian national championships 3’ 
Mount Buffalo. Victoria state. 
The other pilot dropped to the 
ground unhurt. 

Horses perish 

Bclnioni (Reuter) - Fori-- 
five thoroughbred horses were 
killed when a fire swept through 
a stable at New York's Belmont 
race track. Two horses were 
saved by grooms. Police 
assessed the damage at about 
SI0 million (£6.7 million). 

House arrest 

Madrid ( Reuter) - Jose Niana 
Ruiz Mateos, founder of the 
Rumasa business empire, has 
been freed from prison and 
placed under house -arrest 
pending charges of accounting 
fraud. He was extradited from 
West Germany on November 

Singing families 

Peking (.AP) - A state-rue 
Shanghai television station has 
started a twice-weekly show m 
which singing famili es compel? 
for prizes. Two songs, either 
Chinese or foreign, must be 
sung in the contest which « 
attracting a huge audience. 

DeLorean date 

Detroit, (Reuter) - The triai 
of John DeLorean on charges 
that he defrauded investors w 
his bankrupt DeLorean Motor 
Company of nearly 59 mill to" 
(£6 million) will begin on AP ro 
7, court officials said. 

Venice blaze 

Venice (Reuter) - Fire 5wep ; 
through a department store pc# 
Venice’s Grand Canal, killins 
four people and injuring 1- 
Firemen who arrived by launcn 
found their ladders could 
reach the top floors. 

Smoke signal 

Tokyo (AP) - Smoke rising^ 
about 13,000ft, sighted off I*° 
Jima in the Pacfic, was belief 
to be from an eruption of 
Futokuokanoba undersea sa - 

Branch jails 

Delhi (Reuter) - Police 
remote areas of the no™* 
Indian state of Uttar Pradesh ae 
prisoners to trees because thff® 
are not enough jails, the Pft® 
Trust of India reported. . 


. — ^ 




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• ,,* ••■y.V.* -V -V 

This nurse is a committed, hard working professional. 

Without her, (and thousands more like her), the NHS 
would collapse. 

Twenty years ago* she would probably have been a 

Today, thanks to unprecedented changes in NHS 
• organisation, her voice and role are being taken from her. 

As the protector of British nursing standards (and the 
largest nursing trade union) the Royal College ot Nursing 
has always believed in the NHS and worked within the 
system to effect change. 

We even have a formal pledge not to strike. 

In more and more health areas, the professional 
managers have taken it upon themselves to decide that nurse-, 
cannot run nursing. Many Health Authorities ncv.- i*a-*e 
no nurses in managerial positions at all. 

So the very people who have special ihco : > 
looking after patients now have no say. 

No say in how best to stafe a geriatric ward. ; xo - ■" .n 
what beds to choose for expectant mothers. No >.iy in " ' :n 
patients should be sent home. 

Nurses without voices. 

And when nurses, lose their voice, the pu:;e : ii- 1 
their spokesman, 

of nursing with both the e::pcn : <■: .. : 

•'-rolr- Sen's ot nurung anci the power i "j :v : . s .. 


Adr«:ini>:r..[3i> arc cjualined to ui.i ;■ j. ; " 

Nurses are uniquely quail r-ect to ~ur n..r: :. :. 

Ar.c you, as a patient, riiould ire '.. . . . 

• ^ \ ... . .i ■ . 

l «.* . . »* i G i. 

J: vo". ib. ini: v-e !i,r. :• a t.'i; r.' 1 !!”. p . ' : 
l;- cur petition by sending u-' in. -:cuj c 

And. i: you’re as worried as are. : 
you: Member of Parliament now -*rr.e ^:!o 
c :* Commons. Westminster. London b Ml.-. 


So we are more than a little alarmed at the way the 
NHS is treating us. 

The Griffiths Report suggested ways in which the 
NHS could be made more efficient. Among them was a 
recommendation that managers should be brought in from 
outside the NHS to make it more cost-effective. 

If better managed resources meant better standards 
of patient care, we’d be all in favour. 

But Griffiths hasn’t stopped there. 

When ward closures .ire cons-uorcu. w-:.: t 

When equipment is being bought nurses opinions 
aren‘t sought. 

When patients complain to the nurses, the nurses nave 
no-one who understands nursing to complain to. 

The Royal College of Nursing believes that such 
developments are not in nurses’ best interests. Even more 
important, they’re certainly not in the patients’ best interests. 

What we want to see is the appointment of directors 

S1> -V.' 

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Plea of 

P* Silent Twins (BBC2) was 
one of the most original 
progianunes to appear od 
television for a long time. June 
and Jennifer Gibbons, twins 
nnwgnt np in Sonth Wales, 
decided at an early age that they 

S?£ d „ ne .' er speak ™ Public. 
V*™" 1 ! «> order to explain this 
decision,- their "dreary council 
estate and the incredible bore- 
dom and mediocrity! of their own 
and everybody else's lives were 
perfectly rendered withoat being 

lD 1 ^iIi U f?J ay i S - edition , of Yes i Prime Minister Hacker was initiated into 

+ t__ _ . r., * , . _ l i *** juli iiawAu was I 

JJJSiliS" }' ook “?8 good on television. Persuasion by television is now an 
extI emely business. Nicholas Shakespeare reports on the charm 

scnools which promise to make everyone a Hacker. 

‘A dreadful glimpse of the obvious 


Gnarneri Quartet 
Queen Elizabeth Hall 

Un socialized. because oT lack 
of human contact, the 
became mimics and, 
might expect, their 
revealed how 

as one 
tawdry much of 
our culture is. The authorities 

recognized their problems but 

were unable to help them, so as 
teenagers they finally sought to 
break out of their isolation 
through acts of arson. Bnt 
instead of a metamorphosis 
let to Broadmoor. Incarceration, 

the programme suggested, is not 

the answer, bnt then oar society I 
has never been terribly good at 
tolerating the freakish. 

Chasing a Rainbow (Channel 
4) told the story of Josephine 
Baker, the first black woman to 
appear naked on the Pins 
Stage. The programme seemed a 
little coy abont showing this 
legendary performer in states of 
undress but otherwise it was 
excellent The programme con- 
tained no reconstructions, only 
witnesses and a generous 
amount of archive. Nowadays it 

is customary to see old material 

used in a cavalier fashion, with 
s.iots from different places or 
periods being cut together to 
pive aa impression of continuity. 
Dot not so here. 

Television is the most power- 
ful means of communication 
known to man. It makes six 
times more impact than the 
written word. It is as important 
to learn about its techniques as 
to read and write - and I don't 
exaggerate." Michael Barratt, 
former presenter of Nation wide. 
growls in his sandpaper voice at 
a thin-faced man from the 
British Dental Association who 
sits like a priest with nervous 
bands. Shortly he wif] be taken 
into the Michael Barrett Ltd 
studio for some training in how 
to look good on television. 

A story is about to break on 
how each one of us with fillings 
is _ in_ danger of mercury 
poisoning. The BDA may not 
yet have their eyes on Wogan 
but they want to be ready to 
refute the claim. “Your com- 
pany might spend £100,000 
buying 30 seconds on tele- 
vision", Barrett continues. 
“But. if someone asks you on 
for a three-minute interview, 
they are effectively saying I 
have here a cheque made out 
for half a million pounds. 
Would you care to come and 
cash iiT’ And with that thought 
in mind they go downstairs. 

Coaching people to perform 
well on television is a ■ fast- 
growing and lucrative business. 
(The cheque made out to 
Michael Barrett for one day's 
training in an outside studio is 
£3.650 excluding VAT.) The 
importance attached to the 
impact of television means 
there is no shortage of advisers, 
from Richard Attenborough, 
who tutors the Princess 

The four members of the 
Guameri String Quartet have 
been together for 21 years, 
longer than any other American 
quartet. In a technically and 
mentally demanding work like 
Beethoven's E Bat Quartet, Op 
127. such seasoned pedigree 
counts fix- a lot 
It means, for that 

these players maintain an 

' : unity, demonstrated 
not only by tfaei 

dium and it picks up untruths. 

If you do not want to answer a 
question, do not' u in the case j 
of John Nott walk off There is 
nothing wrong with saying No, 

' provided you can give a reason. 

Or you can do as Enoch Powefl 
does and reply “Ah, yes, bnt the . 
question I must first ask myself 
is..." 1 

Finally, it is important to I ptecariou 
avoid jargon. One of the funny provided an object-lesson in 
dungs about television, accord- diis craft) but also bj their 

heroic, 'sometimes savage; ar- 
ticulation (one of the GuaruerTa 
hallmarks, visually as well 
as aurally exciting, is their 
ferocious attack of ringing 
chordal passages such as this 
quartet’s opening) to opulent, 
sweet- toned lyricism. 

One feels that the price of this 
unshakcaWe ra p p o rt should 
logically be a narrowing of the 
scope for impulsive gestures in 
performance. Perhaps this was 
the case in the slow movement, 
where the great variations did 
seem to unfold according to the 
dictates of a diligently practised 

ing to Michael Barrett, is the 
way normal people sit down 
and suddenly revert from 
spolmn English to written 
English, from “let's bean” to 

let us commence". One poor 
London Transport official at 
CTVC ca me out with “we must 
take cognizance of the pedes- 
tnd model operation m all 
traffic planning". When 
what this meant he explained 
some people walk to work. 

Goss's pupils, like those of 
the others, number almost a 
thousand. “Ten years ago I was 
asked to train a fairly unknown 
lady." He declined. “I decided I 
couldn't win with her", he says 
of Mrs Thatcher. Nevertheless 
among his successes are Doug- 
las Hurd, Anthony Parsons and 
Nicholas Henderson. 

only by their bar-by-bar 

ensemble (though the precision Wbctt one with 

with which ttey dippSffie am ^ g su £dy- 

scheraando’s dotted Sytfams , J he j? air - 

and glided flawlessly through its ^ mos * vibrato-less timbre at 

precarious tempo transitions . u . , 

- That, however, was certainly 

not true of their playing in the 
adagio of Beethoven's Quartet 
in F, Op 59 No 1. Here was a 
flowing, highly imaginative 
demonstration of each individ- 
ual's tonal qualities - and 
ravishing qualities they are. The 
jubilant account of the “Thime 
russe" finale which followed 
provided the perfect conclusion 
to a masterly recital. 

Richard Morrison 

technology and technicians and 

O wuiyuitu 

how to read out The Epilog 
every night on screen, 
centre - CTVC - has 

. of 

Wales, to Harvey Thomas who, 
uriue aj note: a Private \ having managed Billy Graham, 
/toorM Channel 4) featured tfaei now ,ooks “ter the Tories (one 

A Sense of Place: A Private 

eson , (Channel 4) featured the 

poet Damien Gorman, guiding rumour surrounding the dis- 

US fhrfllcn?! Kin hnwio Sr mice'll rtf T_1 

us through his home town <rf missal of Patrick Jenldn was 
i>en castle, Co Down. A refer- ttet be was no good on 
encc lo Cromwell as “lingering television). Not only have the 
in these parts like mustard in Police, the army and the TUC 
t*o earned a threat of caught on, with their own in- 

the month 

Nationalist sabre-rattling; but 
this was soon counterbalanced 
with mention of Bloody Bridge, 
wnere Protestants were mass- 

house facilities, but also the 
captains of industry. There are 
now some 15 to 20 companies, 
often started by former tele- 
vision personalities, which spe- 
cialize in such training and in 
promoting the irresistible idea 
that, while one minute’s ex- 
posure to the camera can “kill a 
company stone dead", it can 
to his tradition and yet not ^ so - properly used, do exactly 
sides. foe reverse. 

f__i_ ri'Lj nw .. Ironically it was the Metho- 
v-SUrO Cxebler dist Church which first cottoned 

on to all this as far bad: as 1959. magician and Naval Intelligence 
Under the patronage of Lord officer - instructed an amnwi 20 1U niaif^ j 

established or so ambassador in the art of appearing in a studio but in 
m Tooting to train dergymen in feeing the interviewer. In 22 Sody Sse’s 

uue years what he has told them has — the drawing-room array ing 
The changed little - nor does it to one Panorama survey ofa 

moved io iwh-,, - ~ *52? ■ CT *??. advic e he now middle-aged Belfast ’ woman 
moved to Bushey in north gives industrialists; “I describe married to a shinvarri wnrVw 
London, where its doors and television as a squanswfaeekd ~ smpyard worker, 
extremely sophisticated studios bicyde. While I don't believe it 
nave also been thrown open to is possible to create an instant 
more worldly concerns such as television personality I do 
lCl, the Consumers’ Assod- believe there is no such thing as 
ayon, Tesco and the Royal the unwinnable interview. Ifthe 
Mint Training however re- boot is on any foot it’s on the 
mains in the hands of a interviewee's. He is the only 
rovwend - the affable Barry person who really knows what 
Alcott, whose advice to six he is talking about However 
members of the North-West good the interviewer he has 
Thames Water Authority that only a limited time to mua un 
morning had included the on the subject Essentiall y he u 

rxtir an antAv ** 

w Sir Nicholas Henderson's 

to makehim 'realize h<T£ not P^ormance in America during 

the FaOdahds crisis was a key 
factor in swaying American 
public opinion. “I realized the 
only way to do that quickly was 
to use the medium of tele- 
vision." In 73 days he appeared 
74 times. “The whole thing 
about television is that it isn't 

creative awareness of. each 
other's activities. 

Few quartet leaders are as 
adept as Arnold Steinhardt at 
drifting in and out of the 
texture, recognizing that the 
eloquence of his deeper-voiced 
companions should at times 
take precedence. Few” quartets, 
either, can move so convinc- 
ingly and unanimously from a 

Nash Ensemble 
Wigmore Hall 

The Nash Ensemble’s concert . „ 

on Saturday evening proved a was a better prepared, and both 
traumatic occasion in every m0Fe strongly and more sensi ri- 
sen sc of the word. Just over ^ integrated, performance, 
.halfway through their Austro- foe vividly individual 
German Romantic series came Michael Collins 

a programme of Henze, Mozart, and Gareth Hulse 

It was most satisfyingly 
balan c ed, though, at the end of 
the evening by Strauss's exube- 
rantly youthful Suite in B flat 
for 13 wind instruments. This 


To succeed -in wooing »hi» 
woman the person interviewed 
must avoid smoking, drinking 
(it flushes the capillaries) a m l 
lounging. The likely reason for 
his appearance is not that the 
interviewer has been struck by a 
generous fancy to discuss sugar 
ma n ufa cturing or British 
foreign policy, but that some- 
thing has hit the fen. “If your 

However, this was not a 
programme striving simply for 
cien-handedness. It was rather 
an account of one man's 
complex attempt to remain loyal 

homily; “In sex and sermons an actor.' 
you climax at the end. In an The kind of training and 
interview at the begin n ing - advice given by Goss is 
because you don t know when it identical to that given by 
Onfr* nn t d [j l , Barratt and Alcott. It consists of audience s sympaxny a no it will 

wenTtS RRr J ?^A I ^u!L heelS *.* cnes of tough studio inter- pre-empt nine-tenths of the 
were the BBC One tittle-known views which are than played c 

and sensitive branch of their back and commented oOhe 
activities is their unofficial aim too is the same: to makr the 

an instrument for conveying 
feds 'and information. It's an 
instrument of persuasion. It's a 
form of impressionism and it's 
the impression people have at 
the end - whether or not you 
represent a sound case - that 
prevails in people’s minds." 

Sir Nicholas concedes that all 
government or company has this is “a dreadful glimpse of the 
made a cock-up" advises Goss, obvious". And indeed what 


seemed set fair to give arche- 
typal musical expression to the 
torments and delights of the 

Even in 1963, the dream- 
Expressuraism of Schoenberg 
was permeating the musical 

consciousness of Henze. In his uu r ., - - . «v 

Beinjt Beauteous, a settine from 111 j entirely unrehearsed, 

p&ssnz? usass 

in the evening. The return of 
Linda Esther Gray to the recital 

(oboe) now taking their proper 
place in controlling the 
Romanze's fluctuating metre, 
and exploiting to the frill the 
bullying repartee of the Ga- 

Something of the nightmare 
Strauss must have gone through 

platform was. of course, warmly 
welcomed by her well-wishers. 
One can only report that she 

always get in first and say so. It 
will give you an opportunity to 
state your case m your own 
terms, it will get you the 
audience’s sympathy and it will 

other questions." Look the 
interviewer -firmly in the eye 

in their strident advocacy, and 
under-prepared in their long- 
term vision of the work. 


Wickedly successful 

The Spanish Bawd 

Citizens 1 , Glasgow 

h is with typically enterprising 
and audicious eneigy that the of 

Citizens have taken on and - 01 

taken liberties with another 
gargantuan masterpiece of 
European literature, generally 
considered almost unperform- 
able. Last month it was 
Goethe's Faust, this month the 
- Spanish La Celestina, here in a 
; shortened version of James 
Mabbe's virtuoso 1631 trans- 
lation. Written around 1502 by 
Fernando dc Rojas, it is 
properly described as a novel in 
dialogue. The length of the work' 
alone makes it impossible to 
. stage in its entirely. 

A young nobciman, CaJisto, 
anxious to enjoy a lady’s 
affection, takes his servant's 
advice and seeks out the 
assistance of an ancient bawd, 
la Coles tina. much practised in 
the art of trading virgins and 
then repairing the damage. 

From this first act of Calisto's 
destructively urgent passion 
springs the opportunity for a 
chain of exploitation, culminat- 
ing in the death of all involved. 

Rojas's final intent may be 
disputed, but his originality is 
acclaimed - the versatility and 
v iiality of his use of language to 
crcjte a vivid spectrum of 
society, his fusion of assumed 
conventions to express far more 
than a superficially moral tale, 
pul above all his creation, in La 
Celestina. of u wily but per- 
versely admirable villain. 

In Philip Prowse's pro- 
duction the complex intertwin- 

ing of classes and styles 
achieved in Rojas's prose is 
stretched into the lurid theatri- 
cal relief of his ironic sixteenth- 
century upstairs-downstairs set: 
below, the bleached white 
a Moorish town. 

5 r 

■••••■ '&?; 1 


above, a rickety balcony - 
province of the aristocracy. The 
suggestion is of sultry heat, 
intense light and dust evoking 
uneasiness and tension. Here 
the lack of trust is tangible: 
beneath all the comic rivalry 
between Calisto's two servants 
is a mercenary, self-seeking 

Rojas's subtle compound of 
styles, from sentimental literacy 
to comic vulgarity, is wickedly 
overstretched by Prowse into a 
riotous conflict through which 
the gap between reality and 
fecade, and the sense of comic 
but pessimistic cynicism, 
emerge with shrieking force. But 
the production does run 
aground on its own rocks - 
stylization can become weari- 
some and the frenetic activity, 
though central to Prowse’s 
theme, begins to work against 

framing of the Foreign Office, interviewee give the best im- 
rrora 1963 until his retirement pression of himself to femilla- 
tnis year John Goss - a former rize him with the distractions of 

HTC. 1 v' 

seems on offer in television 
training is expensive common 
sense. All trainers agreed they 
could not create a television 
personality. Their courses were 
therefore of use in sorting out 
whether .someone is likely to be 

. • „ . — . — — - this - not in how to be it “Give ^ 

when ta lkin g. Nervous glances .me this man for seven years". Orchestra of St 
away give- the ^impression of ;Barratt -sometimes reports back. Tn! !**■**, /T vu l 
guig.. Above all, do not lit “nnd unlike theJesuitsI JOIUI S/LUDDOCk 
Television is a searcHm* couldn't do a thing with him “ 

for soprano, lour cdli and hup, 
it is frozen into a petrified 
ecstasy of super-attenuated 
timbre and pitch, which Sarah 
Leonard recreated with fine 
sensitivity. „ . - - 

Mnrnnv ‘loo ur.nH " uil went on singing - 

ade came ^^bus? “y® wth a 

Wagner's Siegfried Idyll as fearlessness “ disturbing in ns 
coStion. S Mfozait was, if ^ SI ° E Iack 

anything, over-robust: its eight vnJ^ H i rC !i 11 ^ tJ ? n * ) ® tw . een car - 
soloists seemed both overardept - 0K?e and - ‘“fororetative pur- 

pose which this performance 

Hilary Finch 

Queen Elizabeth Hall 

.w: • ’V'' ^ yyt A ~ W 

< / '\ »** * * . V ' K ’ A ./ : •' 

• •■■J*’* -* •'•; >- •••' ■* .•.-•.a'-., 

,^ r: 


Broadway ladles: Ufa Hagen (left) as Mrs Warren and Qeo Laine as Princess Puffer 

Bewitched by a world of difference 

double-basses of Roger Dean 
and Chi Chi Nwanoku, and the 
many-voiced timpani of Gre- 
gory Knowles. 

Wjth a line-up tike this, it is 

» . . . nothing less than miraculous 

Low the Magician arrived on that John Lubbock, conducting 
Frtey night in the nick of time, should create sSh a SS 
scorching ter way homogeneity of chamber-or- 
forough Falla s game of love in chwtral playing. The combi- 
U AmorBrujo. conjured smoul- nation of pedantic precision 

dering, if not fciy, =- - =-• ■ ■ - 

making from an 
quiet gentility. 

For a long stretch, Broadway 
was like a desert. Then a bunch 
of mad merrymakers from the 
wilds of Central Park raucously 
invaded, followed by some 
intrepid revivalists, and the 
desert bloomed. 

The Mystery of Edwin 
Drood, Rupert Holmes's musi- 
cal send-up and uplift, made the 

everything including Ceremon- 
ies, Cleo Laine now with an 
extra song due to ho 1 popularity 
as Princess Puffer, and the 
singing discoveries- of ' last 
season, Patti Cohenour and 
Howard McGillin, as Rosa and 
Jasper. Mr McGillin also has a 
new solo, a great relief to those 
who voted him the murderer 

without its superb cast. But this 
is a romp which mdr$ an 
audience "Let’s all be as vulgar 
and uncivilized as possible and 
eqjoy ourselves", and those who 
do not follow that advice are 
missing a treat 

Almost 25 years after they 

...... . . . — °P ened foe fim South African 

Ironically though the wicked- transition from rts summer park just because they wanted to tear Production of Blood Knot 
: ploy is the most successful - veto's with only the grievous him sing again. Last summer he 2a fa ? Mokae and Athol Fugard 


Robert David MacDonald as La 
Celcstina is wonderfully unpre- 
dictable. His Celestina is a 
world-weary mixture of sophis- 
try and wisdom, dropping 
aphorisms with a sigh, and his 
quiet conservation of energy in 
the midst of a frenzied whirl- 
pool pins Celestina to an 
undercurrent of awareness of 

the transience and vanity of 


Sarah He mming 

loss of a line about local 
schoolchildren playing an un ex- 
purgated version of Beowulf on 
the same stage. At the Imperial 
Theatre a rag-tag Victorian 
acting troupe mug through 
Dickens’s unfinished novel, not 
at a seaside pavilion but in a red 
plush music hall where school- 
children tread only in the aisles. 

The show is as warm and 
jolty as ever, with the most 
ingratiating cast imaginable led 

by George Rosie as Master of 

never won the audience’s vote 
but so clearly captured its heart 
that he was rewarded with an 
outburst just before the vote is 

Nit-picking at Drood yields 
such insights as that the music 
is even more repetitious and 
less distinguished on a second 
and, once the novelty of the 
Landlesses’ -interpretation as 
exotics wears off they can be 
irritating, plus a suspicion that 
the show 

reunited under the author’s 
direction to play the drama 
again in celebration of the Yale 
Rcpprtoiy Theatre's silver anni- 
versary. The result was so good 
that the production ha^ moved 
to Broadway (John Golden 
Theatre), where the poignancy 
of the brother’s dreams' is 
magnified ' by the actors’ age. 
When 1 they were youths, they 
must have felt a sense .of shame 
and grief at the waste of so 

might not work. “P ft Powi now that they 
middle-aged, and the h 


_ jope' 

.made possible by time is 
the sense of loss dominates.' 

“Age”, “fide" and “loss" 
are word s which belong in 
a different world from the 
cloud-cuckoo-land bewitchingty 
created by Rosemary Harris 
and a choice supporting cast in 
H ay Ferer (Music Box 
Theatre). Starting with the 
premise that each character is 
real _ and rounded and 
relationship sincere w hile it 
lasts, the director Brian Murray 
and his cast animate Noel 
Coward’s drearies and radiate 
the Bliss menage. Mr Murray’s 

production is such fun that it is 

doubtful if even a high-powered 
telescope could detect cracks in 
its gleaming sphere. 

Miss Harris is not the only 
actress in town doing an 
exceptional star turn; for 
a limited run, Uta Hagen 
a remarkable 
anen in the Round- 
about Theatre Company's Mrs 
Warren’s Profession. Sadly, the 
production itsdf testifies to why 
Miss Hagen appears so seldom 
but spends so much of her rime- 
teaching and participating' in 

prqjects with ter husband at the 
Herbert Beighof Studio. 

TJejnen in Mrs Warren’s 
Profession veer between dull 
and dreadful. Even Pamela 
Reed, an accomplished actress 
who can usually hold her own, 
pales as Vi vie. The internal 
eccentricity which makes Vi vie 
not only unusual for her day but 
bearable at any time is absent; 
she is a priggish VI vie mare 
conventional at heart than her 

Miss Hagen, . -by "contrast, 
embodies the soul of a -vul- 
garian in spite of herself , from 
the hard curl of her mouth to 
the creeping about of a low-life 
accent to the vagaries of a walk 
which lists when it must -not 
swagger. This Mrs Warren is foe 
only character onstage with a 
sense of mischief and fun, and 
on e can see how she rose in her 
profession. One can also' see 
that the vulgarity -in her soul 
could never be erased by the 
conventionality in her mind, so 
that when she pleads for Tier 
daughter’s understanding it is 
with a scrappy dignity. She is a 
mongrel with a piercing yowl 
and a tenacious bite, but with 
such win n i ng ways that Uta 
Hagen makes us want to 
her in. 

music- with drooping phrasing which 
evening, of had enervated Ravel's Pavane 
pour une Infante d^funte was 
There seems to be no end to If? spirils 

the harlequinade of di^uises in tlD £ er ? ps 1 , fo e young 

which tor P?5“ Alessandro dc 

transform itself! This time, the . . 

voice, like the dress, was flame- K,iJS , EL?? 5 h “ n - cauU °“sly 
red, hurled from foe chest in a J SSjaWST. Pmno ^on- 
tirade of jealousy, torment and 10 stin ? u, ?fo 

triumph. Just as each raw Sfiii vd,cst °S m his 

emotion was tasted and timed M Lubbock s baton 

to perfection, so the soloists of have given the 

foe Orchestra of St John’s 2SLf, y spli t 

Smith Square came into their ;? f tunu ^ and empha- 

own at last: Philippa Davies’s to ° preoccu- 

teasingly . imaginative flute, k j . passed from one 

which had earlier danced suS ha ^ to the otlier 10 save foe 
an elegant Fame Pavane; Tess V*tonxusux 
Miller’s fierce oboe; the spritety Hilary Finch 


Wembley Arena 

Holly Hill 

Since the Young brothers, 

Angus and Malcolm, formed 
AC/DC in Australia in 1973, 
the group has adhered to one 
simple formula with unswerv- 
ing conviction: a thunderous 
rock beat, screeching sandpaper 
vocals, and an omniscient 
cranked guitar riff; in short, the 
original heavy metal blueprint 
Thus, from the opening -song at 
Wembley, “Fly on the Wail", ^^Phones 
the title track of their current 
album, to an encore of 
"TLN.T.”, a 1976 recor ding, the 
-rigid homogeneity of the mat- 
erial was never in doubt. 

But, if they scored predict- 
ably few points for originality, 

.the enduring energy and strenu- 
ous conviction of their perform- 
ance was entertainment enough. 

As the singer Brian Johnson “Heir* 
romped about the stage in His 

Young, a grown man who wears 
short trousers and little else 
apart from his guitar, was 
sunilarly engaging. Whether 
duck-walking or running foil-tilt 
from side to side of the stage 
nmously shaking his head or 
wn thing epileptically on the 
floor, he continued to play with 
unremitting and abandoned 
fenrom. The more temperate 
Malcolm Young on rhythm 
guitar and Cliff Williams, the 
bassist, wisely kept to the rear 
except when advancing io the 
microphones in orchestrated 
cross-stage movements remi- 
niscent of rugby formation 




Their best songs were those 
®“ mid-tempo push and 
pump rhythms, notably “Hi&h- 

a Muesy grind of 
fo* type favoured by Whites- 
Mke, and “You Shook Me S 
Night Long with its chunky 

guitar - ^ 

iuijsu auuui ujc siage m ms illustrated 
flat cap and denims, looking ,owenn e ofa 

like a navvy on a day-trip totte j<ShLc^ , w ?* ch 

coast, one could scarcely believe procee ^f 5t * 10 clobber 

be subjected to such concen- J° Ro f rk was 

trated abuse and still continue a , deaf ening 

to function, let alone produce «. „ from two 

such^ screaming high no« to ScTtotf « 



Tom orr °wat5^ 
xaiAGH Ws epic masterpi 


Cast includes 







.... .- THE TIMES MONDAY JANUARY 20 1 986 

British Airways Super Club; is 
rather popular these days. 

It could be the six abreast seating, 
the, award, winning service,, or .even 
the-fact that we fly to fifteen cities in 
the-US and three in Canada. ^ 
Whatever the . reason, you may 
find all the seats have been taken. 

Don’t worry. 

UnHke other airlines we won’t 
send you away disappointed. 

We’ll send you away First Class 
instead, at absolutely no extra cost 
(to you, that is). 

Or we might even send you on 
Concorde if you’ve booked a Super 

Club flight to New York, Miami, or 
Washington D.C. 

British Airways would like to 
apologise to its passengers for any 
inconvenience this may cause. 

British airways 

The worlds favourite airline, 


\ ^ . 





Y-,j ^ive >esrs ago today. as 
ihc President of the 

?$' United States was pass- 
inc from Jimmy Carter to 
Ronald Reagan, the Ayatollah 
Khomeini's Revolutionary 
Government in Tehran released 
the 52 American hostages it had 
been holding for 444 days. 

They came home to a 
rapturous welcome. the 
embraces of their families, a 
traditional tickenape parade in 
New York, a While House 
reception, medals, the keys to 
America's cities. But once the 
hullabaloo subsided they were 
anxious to rebuild their lives, to 
pick up where the> left off and. 
in some cases, to chart new 
courses. After the months of 
tension in captivity they craved 
normality and a chance to melt 
back into America. Some are 
serving abroad in embassies, 
others resumed their careers in 
the Forces, some are teaching 
and m business. One has died. 

The;, had a group reunion the 
year alter their release, but they 
have not had once since. One 
cf the hostages. Moorhead 
Kenned}, a senior officer in the 
Tehran Embassy, has explained 
why his capiiiviiv was a turning 
point that gave him a new sense 
of mission. 

Moorhead Kennedy says of 
on his 14': months as a hostage 
in the American embassy in 
Tehran: "There were moments 
when f raged at my captors. 
What they did was wrong. I 
don't forgive iL but I don't feel 
resentful or bitter, and f hold 
nothing against them. If Ahmed 
came here now I'd give him 
lunch." Mr Kennedy is nothing 
if not thought-provoking. Being 
a hostage, he says, was 3 

"I was suddenly free from 
having to think like a foreign 

service officer, free from sta’te 
department smugness and 
assumptions, attitudes f had 
been part of. I went through a 
form of mental hygiene. I began 
to see more clearly that if we are 
to confront terrorism we have 
to change our old-fashioned 

His captivity was a water- 
shed. He had been 21 years in 
the foreign service aad was the 
third highest ranking officer in 
the Tehran embassy. When he 
came home he turned down a 
good foreign posting and re- 
signed. "You can't be part of an 
organization and go around 
criticizing it in public." 

Now he devotes himself to 
spreading the lessons of 
America’s traumatic experience 
with the Iranian revolution. 
What he says about it makes 
him a controversial figure 
among Americans who hear his 
lectures on terrorism and see 
him on television, as his hate- 
mail testifies. 

“The crisis held important 
lessons for Americans. But we 
didn't learn. The State Depart- 
ment closed ranks. The Ameri- 
can people were left with their 
ignorance intact The whole 
thing was treated by the 
American people as an aber- 
ration and the Iranians were 
dismissed as mad. 

“The Reagan Administration 
makes the old mistakes and is 
making them with Libya. It 
works in what I call old-think 
and is locked into the old 
ideology. It makes an effort not 
to hear. 

Call our captivity in Tehran 
“Hostage One”. “Hostage Two” 
was the TWA affair. And there 
is no reason to think there will 
not be a Hostage Three and 
Hostage Four, the terrorists 
think it works. 

“The only way out of this is 

Five years ago today. Iranian students 
released the 52 American hosta ges in 
Tehran to a hero's welcome at home. 
Former captive Moorhead Kennedy tells of 
his changed life since the ordeal and the still 
unlearnt lessons for America 

» • ... ■* 

• * - * . • 


Thoughtful: former hostage Moorhead Kennedy gave up his State Departmeht job and now lectures on terrorism 

for us to start listening to the|. :sr ''VWPflffi existence. I found a se 
Middle East. We have to * : dC* tery. And other men, too, 

reconsider our attitudes of:. mt-A . they could be tough. My I 

sl We have 
our attitudes 

superiority. We think and act as 
if we are God's chosen instru- 
ment. We have been brought up 
to assume that the rest of the 
world thinks, or should t hink. 
as we do. We have imposed 
ourselves and our culture and 
this has humiliated people - 
they became ‘wogs’ and they 
lost their identity', but they 
could not assume a Western 

W e are seeing a rejec- 
tion of all that 
humiliation and an 
assertion of identity. 
But the .American people and 
Reagan are still stuck in old- 
think, they believe our values 
are superior, and they think that 
in dealing with terrorism 
standing up for America is all 
that counts. 

“Some people do not like to 
hear me say this sort of thing, 
and advocating, that in Israel’s 
interests, we must recognize the 
Palestinians. They accuse me of 
taking the other side. This is not 

Joyful: Mr Kennedy (right) and Mayor Koch wave 
to crowds at New York's welcome home parade 

existence I found a self-mas- 
tery. And otber men, too, found 
they could be tough. My brother 
told me I came back stronger. 

“1 don't think any of us has 
real serious problems, though I 
still get nightmares. In one of 
them I am being led ont to 
execution and I wake up 
screaming for help. 

“When we were captured we 
were seeing the end of the 
American moment, of- the role 
we had inherited from our 
British cousins. I could see 
myself as having a part in as 
historic evolution. When l was 
tied and blindfolded my captor 
hissed ‘Vietnam’ in my ear. 
These stuoeots saw themselves 
as avengers for Vietnam, at the 
cutting edge of revolution in 
Iran, and believed there would 
be worid revolution. One of the 
captors told me that when he 
had been a student in California 
none of his classmates knew 
where Iran was. Now, he said, 
everyone does. Hamid, our 
senior captor, said ‘Never 
forget we're on prime time.’ 

taxing me outer side, l ms is not ■ “These people both admire 

true. I am not condoning or was a hostage and so l have a Tehran there was a range of and envy us. We like the 

caving in to terrorism. But we practical experience. reactions. Some hostages co- 

must know the other side. . “I work on the basis that we operated, some resisted all the 
Terrorism challenges our think- are a pragmatic nation. I ask way. Some men were very angry 
ing, not our military might. We people: is standing tall working? and - consumed with hatred, 
must retaliate when, that is It doesn't seem to be - and which did not help them. We all 
possible, but retaliation will there is a ’seed of doubt that I saw each other's feet of clay and 
never be enough.” 

Americans, but hate the United 
States, they said. We have 
disappointed them. These 
people still want so much from 

“In the Middle East and 

never tie enougn.' work on. 1 talk to parents and it ts inevitable that every r , “TT ™ 

Mr Kennedy, who is 56, is church groups and schools, hostage feels he could have m 

director of the Council for wherever people are committed done better. But, dammit, we 2S C 

International Understanding in to serious" listening ind dis- 'didn’t do a bad job. PI 01 ? ? do ' . ~ 

New York. -He. lectures and 

cussion. Schools 

writes tirelessly on terrorism because children go home and 
and its challenges .to the question iheirparenls.” 
American mind. “Some of the divisions of 

“I can say these, things opinion persist One of the. 

Inaftadinh • • ' more wwimj uhb w oa wc 

io a bad job. have talked of freedom and 

.. „„„ human rights, but our conduct 

. . never had any doubts . in . ^ . worid . has caused 

* C ThTnne^ticm disillusionment and bitterness 

t ^ waacusxem hypocrites, 

•■T" yfr e?- The.”*™ As a victim of terrorism I 

because my record is good. No problems was that no one knew of surviving in those circum- I,? , ithJSu 

nni> ran niiNlinn muyntrinticn. Hrtwr hnefomir -4 -J i.Tl i:... C A.- J... aoominaie IL out It flOldS 

November 4-10, 1979: Militant 
Iranians take over US embassy In 

Tehran and bold staff hostage 
demanding return of deposed Shan 
to stand trial. President Carter 
orders deportation of Iranians not 
complying with student visas. 

November 11-17: Carter halts oil 
imports from Iran and freezes 
Iranian assets fn US One Italian 
hostage released from Tehran 

December 2-8: Shah leaves New 
York for hospital in Texas. 

Ayatollah Khomeini given supreme 
power for life as Iranians [pass new 
Islamic constitution. UN Security 
Council urges Iran to free, 

December 9-1 & US State - 
Department orders exputstonc* 

183 Iranian diplomats. Shah flies to 

December 30-Jan 5, 1980: Dr Kurt 
Waldheim, UN secretary-general, 
flies to Tehran. Khomeini deefines 
to meet him. 

Aprfl 6-12: US breaks diplomatic 
relations with Iran and imposes 
economic sanctions. 

April 25: White House announces 
failure of US rescue mission - 
because of breakdown of three 
helicopters. BghtUS surwconaen 
reported killed m ground coffison 
inside Iran. Iran removes hostages 
to other parts of the country. 

April 27-May 3: Secretary of State 
Cyrus Vance resigns in protest at 
rescue attempt and succeeded by 
Senator Edmund Muskte. Iranian 
Arabs take hostages m Iran's 
London embassy, demanding 
release of 91 “political prisoners” 
in their country. 

May 5: SAS storms London 
embassy and frees 19 hostages: 
two captives Jdfled by gunmen. 

June 15-21: Iran authorities report 
military plot to overthrow the 
Gove rnm e nt 127 members of 
armed forces arrested. 

July 27: Shah rfles in Cairo. 

August 3-9: Threat of hostage trial 
in Iran prompts US to release 191 
detained Iranians. 

September 12: Khomeini fists four 
conditions of release: return of 
Shah’s wealth; cancellation of US 
claims against Iran; unfreezing of 
Iranian funds in US; American 
guarantees of no interference in ’ 

November 16: Muskie announces 
acceptance ofthefourconefitioo s 
“in principle". Hostage tframa now 1 

middle-aged and respectable. I the .Geneva Convention. Ia have 


Trevor Fishlock 

December 21-27: Hostages’ 
second Christmas in captivity. Iran 
demands $24,000 mffion cash and 
gold deposit by US In Algeria r Am 
cfaimeo equivalent of the Shah’s 
wealth - and frozen Iranian assets^ 
January 14, 1981: Iran’s Parl i ament , 
passes Bill authorizing Algerian 

January 15: Iran sends Washington 
“find terms”! 

January 19: Warren Christopher, 

US deputy Secretary of State. - ■ 
signs agreement In Algeria, - 
agreeing to transfer Iranian assets 
and not Interfere in Iran’s affairs. 
January 20: All 52 hostages 
released after 444 days m captivity. 
The new US president. Ronald 
Reagan, Is sworn in at noon an the 
steps of the Capitol. 

January 21: As Reagan's personal : 
envoy, ex-president Carter greets 
.the freed hostages at Wie sba den, •• 
WestGermany. ' 

Alan Freaks 

Militant ; tbcladnappcfs 

:EBed : The Shah 

I- •• ■ 

Wrecked 7 TheU.S. helicopters 

”r e - 

Anguish : President Carter 


The short, sharp 
shock: has the 
law and order 
drive against 
voung offenders 

- ■••• - L . . -• . . , -* r 

Record revolution at the megastore 


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War will break but this 
.. sianuner in London 
when three giant record 
retailers compete for 
our hearts and ears 

Two men and a dog will be 
fighting for the retail record 
market in London this year. The 
capital is successively threat- 
ened with the three largest 
mask megastores in Europe. 
Virgin (28,000 square feet, or 
just over half an acre,) has 
already opened in Oxford 
Street, Towfer Records (30,000 
square feet) opens at Piccadilly 
Circus in June, as does HMV in 
Oxford Walk, which at 50,000 
square feet will be rather larger 
than the floorspace under the 
dome of St Paul's CathedraL 
The battle for the hearts and 
minds of London's estimated 11 
million record buyers is compu- 
terized, neon-lit deep carpeted 
land deep catalogued. It sounds 
, smooth because for the first 
time there is a perfect sound - 
the compact disc. 

Having been through five 
poor years - a “soggy period" In 
[Virgin parlance - fife market 
I has turned around sharply; 

The transatlantic 
challenge can only 
benefit the.consumer 
" . 
800,000 compact disc units 
valued at £8 million were sold m 
Britain in 1984, an increase of 
220 per cent on 1983. In the 
first nine months of last year 
growth accelerated to 1.9 
million CD units, an increase of 
!375 per cent. 

Added to which, pop videos 
have proved highly successful at 
marketing new music which, 
in turn, has become more 
melodious after the punk aber- 
ration; Classical musk sales are 
growing significantly, and the 
baby boomers - the first 
seneratjpn a^ctfetomed to buy- 
ing recorded music - are now in 
their twenties and thirties with 
high disposable incomes. 

Lying m wait to turn on 
whoever** listening are Richard 
Branson, Russell Solomon and 
Nipper the dog. Mr Branson 
needs' little introduction; even 
if a' Virgin record store is 
uncharted territory, the' activi- 
ties of the - Virgin Atlantic 
afefiae or the -Virgm^AtiaHtic * 

Challenger (the boat sank) can 
hardly have passed unnoticed. 

Russ Solomon is a high 
school drop-out and son of a 
Californian drugstore owner. 
His Tower Records dtaiu of 39 
stores in America has been 
voted Retailer of the Year three 
times by the National Associ- 
ation of Record Merchandisers. 
It is he who set die pace 
worldwide in deep cataloguing: 
the stocking of every version of 
every record currently in print 
regardless of Whether it is in the 
Top 40. 

Popular, classical, jazz, soul, 
reggae, or rock, however esoteric 
the customer’s musical require- 
meats they will be satisfied at 
Tower Records between 9am 
and 12pm 365 .days a year at 
Piccadilly Ghrois. The 15-hour 
opening policy is ah other reason 
that prompts Tower’s director 
of European operations, Mr- 
StepbeiL Smith, .tp isay: “When 
Russ Solomon sneezes, everyone 
else in the retail record business 
reaches for their handker- - 
chiefs”. The Virgin megastore is 
presently open until 9pm for six 
days a week. 

Overseeing these high profile 
personalities in the high street 
will be Nipper. His Master’s 
Voice is the oldest - specialist • 
record retailer in Britain, haring 
traded for 70 yean. Part of the 
Thom-EMI group, HMV claim 
that their existing Oxford Street 
store, opened in 1921, is the 
most successful bn London, - 
attracting 2Vt per cent of the 
British record buying -market - 
six million customers annually. 
After a little local difficulty 
persuading the present tenants 
to leave Oxford Walk, the 
HMV megastore opening there 
this summer will topple Tower 
Records of New York’s' claim to 
be the largest in tie world. - 
Already tiw IMVstoremihb' 

Facing the US challenge- 
Virgin’s Richard Branson and 
Nipper, the HMV dog 

Trocadero complex in Piccadilly 
- dose competition for Tower - 
claims to be turning over as 
m uch as the Virgin megastore 
which is seven times the size. 
HMV’s managing director, Mr 
Ian DufFelL, says: “Virgin Is a 
one-man badness. What if 
something happens to Mr 
Branson? And Rnss Solomon is 
not going to become a big 
personality here, be cannot 
devote the time to it But we've 
got Nipper, ha terms of aware- 
ness he is tiie second strongest 
trades mark In the world after 
Coca-Cola.” Two years ago 

No one yet knows how 
fashionable it will 
be to shop at Tower 

HMV held a Nipper* Lookaldce 
contest. The original was pact 
Jack Russell, part bull terrier 
and Toby, who now does the 
honours on official occasions: Is 
10 per cent Jack RusselL 
The clash of the titans is 
tough but tactful. Mr DnOefi 
says: “There is do point in 
knocking Branson or Tower 
because they are both good 
business.” Mr Solomon says: U T 
feel a great respect for ; the 
opposition, but we are also a 
very fine company and we do an 
excellent job.”’ Mr Branson 
says: “HMV is a good, well-nm 
organization and will continue to 
do wefl. I respect what Rnss 
Solomon 1ms done in Ameri ca 
but he Is a nobody in England,** 
The tcanaaflantic rh«iu»nre . 
can only benefit the consumer. 
Mr Solomon hnc imig specia- 
lized to seducing toe 
into buying Tower because his 
stores have everything. Not just 
that deep cataloguing but video 
chandeliers, the . odd pop star 
and - ah . in-store- ^dEro . jock ey. 

Rnss Solomon introduced toe 
boutique principle to the re- 
corded music industry, with 
specialist sound-proofed' sectors 
for toe different types of musk 

Originally Mr Solomon, a 
white-bearded 60-year-old hip- 
pie, sold second-hand 78 records 
in his father’s drugstore in 
Sacramento. He bought them 
from a jukebox operator for 
three cents and sold them for a 
dime: an entrepreneurial skill so 

time-consuming that he got 
thrown out of school. 

Now he owns some 40 record 
•stores (three in Japan, one 
Satellite- in Kensington High 
Street), 24 video .stores, eight 
book stores, four gift stores, a 
graphics store, is a national 
distributor of rock *n' roll 
novelties throughout America, 
and is an importer/exporter and 
wholesaler of mask to Japan. 

Mr Branson, aged 35, also 
bemxded but educated at Stowe, 
storied Virgin in 1970 as a mai l 
order record business. He bad 
one salutary unsuccessful ven- 
ture - a magazine that went 
bust. But Virgin Records ran 
and ran and. the first store was 
above a shoe shop at 24 Oxford 

Now the Virgin megastore 
nas gobbled up numbers 14 , 16. 
22, 26, 28 : and 30. There are 
other stores (most due to go 
mega) throughout Britain and 
Mr Branson has further diversi- 
fied into his own record label, 
airline, pubs.' dubs. Virgin 
Films, Virgin Books, Virgin. 
Video, recording studios, a cable 
television company caned Music 
Box; and even an uninhabited 
island in the British Virgin 

Islands on which an hotel has 
been built. 

Between Mr Solomon, Mr- 
Branson and HMV, the mast: 
buff is going to be spoilt rottcc. 

HMV will pitch their act 
towards teenagers, the grounds- 
well of music fashion, with staff 
dressed to match. Atmosphere 
is alL Virgin managing, director. 
Mr Johnny Fewtngs believes b 
“retaiiesque theatre", ntajcibp 
Virgin the place to be and be - 
seen. Mr Solomon says: “Na 
one yet. knows how fashionable, 
it is going to be to shop at 
Tower.” . 

By the year ending January 
31 1985, Mr Branson bad 
turned over some £30 millkn in 
recorded music sales : and fail 
Virgin Gronp has btfaer inter- 
ests; HMV had hmwd.evt: 
£48.6 million and is part of the 
giant Thorn-EMI group;; Mr . 
Solomon had sold more than 
£120 million worth of recorded 
music. ' /•: : 

But while the battle is being 
slogged out if is. a multiple 
retailer. Wool wo rib's. .wWrh 
sells the' most recorded music . 
(some £70 million worth)' In the 
British market which is worth 
£540 million annually. ’ ; . , 

Richard Branson thinks there 
is only room in the market, fot 
himself and one other , spedalist 
retailer and he would? -put hkf 
money on HMV. Mr Solomon 
thinks the market is Mg ehough 
for both of them: 

But Johnny Fewin gs h as a 
point when he' saysr“ vTKere is: 
only a limbed number at taw 
when people go into tbej&ffs* 
record shop in the un i ve r se - and - 
say ‘Crikeyr." - : 


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9 Hell (7) 

10 Calm (8) - 

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13 Rash person (5,6) 
17 Physical attitude (4) 
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21 fist (7) 

22 Artemis (5) 

23 Hint (7) ■ 

24 Lake Geneva riv/ir 



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l -<■* V 
i . S' m s 

ti ^ X' 


affects .at : least 
One person in 
?l hundred. It 
attacks' , young 
people, injuring 
The delnsSonsi, and 

c ■* forgotten bw 

^ wfcat is not so 

illneSS -well known is its 

less dramatic 
symptoms - the gradual loss of 
will, the bleaching of emotion and 
. ambition, and the eventual de- 

> strnction of the personality. . 

J What -can we _do fa prevent 
deterioration whhdt . wrecks so 
many victims and their families? 

5 Are we any .nearer to finding a 
canseora cure? 

Past theories have put the 
emphasis on. psychological- and 
V social " causes, but most , doctors 
j now: believe the horrors of mad- 
■1 ness are linked with biochemical 
S\ disturbances in the brain. New 
r] techniques which map the brain's 
activities may provide the vital 
dues. . . 

N obody yet knows the cause 
of schizophrenia, the "for- 
gotten illness” .which affects 
due person in a hundred. - 
fills' nearly a quarter of all 
hospital bedv and costs the country 
/ hundreds of millions of pounds a 
f year. But- suddenly, , after years of 
disappointment and false . trails. 
-- scientists seem to be on the threshold 
"■z of exciting discoveries. . - 

, “It's all becoming possible”, says 
Dr Peter Wilhains,. director of -the 
Wellcome Trust ‘‘Most people agree 
that with schizophrenia part of -the 
brain is not working normally. But the 
brain box is solid. You can't toe what’s 
happening in something surrounded 
by bone, fn the last three years ibar 
problem has been strived and we can 
look into the brain ahdactually watch 
rJiechemicals in action.” . . 

Until these breakthroughs into the 
“black box”, researchers had to : wait 
until a patient died before dissecting 
, his brain to find. any .abnormalities. 

•• The latest brain imaging techniques 
, •*; can show an immediate picture on a 
•f - screen of what i$ -happening; in -foe 
brain, without harming the. patient 
Brain - watching • is- -dci»e- '-by a 
number of new types of scanner 
similar in principle to the compute- 
rized- X-ray scanner developed in 
Britain some years ago. The most 
important of them is the PET scanner 
which uses short-lived radioactivity 
inside the brain instead of X-rays. 
The radioactive substance is attached 
to a chemical and is injected into the 

Some of the chemical, reaches the 
brain and as the radioactive atoms 
disintegrate, each one produces two 
bullet-luce bursts of radiation which 
move off in exactly opposite direc- 
tions. The apparatus times each pair 
of “bullets”, and foe computer works 
' j out to within a few millimetres what 
/. ■ part of the brain they -have; come 
from. ■ 






Ttmpora) horn Parahippocampal Amygdala 

(Possibly incraaMd gyrus (Increase in 

. in size} (Posstety thinned) . dopamine content) 

\ Brain abnormalities recently found , 

in schizophrenia 


New images: the PET scanner which maps the disturbed brain 

blocked foe transmission of messages 
by occupying foe-”rcc£ptor” normally 
used by. foe dopamine. It seemed as 
though the schizophrenic brain 
simply' had too many dopamine 
receptors and benefited when some 
were blocked off. 

"In various hospitals and labora- 
tories: doctors were building up banks 
of frozen or pickled schizophrenic and . 
normal brains to try to observe 
differences between them. In Britain, 
Dr Tim Crow and his colleagues 
made a large' collection of brains 
at the Clinical Research Centre, 
Northwick" Park Hospital, near 
Harrow. Some physical differences 
were found: 

- -In a -third of the schizophrenic 
brains,- mainly- from people with, 
chronic symptoms, there was enlarg- 
ing of foe ventricles - chambers filled 

with - cerebrospinal fluid. He ' also 
found a thinning of cells in the para- 
hippocampal gyrus and related toruc- 
tures in the temporal lobe, which 
suggested that cells had been de- 
stroyed or had foiled to develop at 
some stage .in foe schizophrenic 
patient's life. But it was not clear 
whether this, was due to the diseato or 
the drugs foe patients had taken, nor 
whether the destruction of cells was 
due to inflammation caused by a 
virus. Finding the cause of these 
changes could, according to Dr Crow, 
“alter our view of schizophrenia”. 

Apart from physical examination, 
parts of the brain were analysed to 
find out foe density of dopamine 
receptors. The schizophrenic brains 
contained more than the normal ones, 
so the theory looked promising. . 

As foe analytical technique im- 

• The National Sch&ophrenia 
Fellowship, 78 Victoria Road, 
Surbiton, Surrey KT6 4NS (01-390 
3651), offers help to sufferers and 
their relatives. 

• The Schizophrenia Association of 
Great Britain, International 
Schizophrenia Centre, Bryn Hyfryd, 
The Crescent Bangor, Gwynedd 
LL57 2AG (0248 354048), also offers 

ITV programmes 
rrv will be broadcasting Zero 
Options, a two-part series on 
schizophrenia, tomorrow and next 
Tuesday at 10.30pm. 

proved, different receptors of foe 
brain could be analysed separately for 
dopamine. Dr. Gavin Reynolds, 
working at the Brain Tissue Bank at 
Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge, 
made an extraordinary discovery. He 
found that m schizophrenics only, the 
left side of the brain, especially in a 
part known as foe amygdala, contains 
more dopamine itself than the 
corresponding part on foe right. 

- “Already with - these erode tech- 
niques we know there are abnormali- 
ties in the brains of some people with 
schizophrenia”, says ' Professor John 
Wing, the acknowledged authority on 
schizophrenia in Britain. “The hottest 
bet is -that there, is something wrong 
with the dopamine system.” 

The new scanners seem to provide 
the answer. At present, they are 
mainly confirmingtin the living brain 

an administrator, a neurophysiological laboratory and its 
own animal house. Today there is one established chair, 
no administrator, no laboratory, no animal house? 


T he whole technology is extra- 
ordinarily complicated and 
costly. A PET scanner costs 
more than £2m. Because the 
radioactive substances used, 
such as Fluorine^ 8. and Carbon^H, 
decay , to half, their strength ; in 
minutes, they' must be made and 
incorporated into the brain chemical 
only minutes" before they are injected. 
They are made by being bombarded 
with atomic particles in a cyclotron, a 
kind of atom smasher. 

When foe computer has calculated 
where the radioactive atoms were 
when they disintegrated, it produces a 
map of foe brain showing where foe 
iqjecied substance ended up. . 

Over foe past IQ years, many 
scientists have concluded that tohizo- 
phrenia Iras something to dor with a 
malfunction in foe. transmission, of 
messages from one brain' cell to 
another by a substance -called 
dopamine. The idea came from the 
discovery, that foe neuroleptic drugs, 
discovered in foe 1950s to control foe 
acute symptoms of schizophrenia. 

The ClinictT Research Unit at 
Northwick Park Hospital on Harrow 
Hill was the great hope of the 1960s. 
The psychiatric omit provides Britain's 
major rtmtribation to schizophrenia. 

" I went there last week and saw the 
“brain-tank” where 80 brains, some 
normal, some from .schizophrenia 
sufferers, provided some of foe first 
dues about what bad gone wrong. We 
bad to wear masks and. gowns to 
-protect ns-from the viruses foe brains- 
may contain. 

Dr Trank Owen,, foe semor 
scientist, polled out a blood-covered 
brain, handling ft Kke a joint from. 
- Sainshnry’s. ‘‘Some of oar brains are 
rather nasty” he said in explanation 
of foe Biohazard warnings every- 
where. “They can still transmit a rare, 
hot fatal form of dementia even years 
after tbeykave been frozen.” • 

The laboratory has a budget of 
about £400,000 oat Of the £500,000 
the MRC spends nationally on 
schizophrenia. In * America, foe 
National Institute for mental' health, 
has an annual budget of $23m for 
extra-mural studies in schizophrenia 
: alone. The brain-bank studies are foe 
’biggest project in foe laboratory, 
costing, more* than £200,000. Bat the 
whole scale of the. research is 
miniscule compared with foe MRC’s 
total budget of £124 milIjon. Even this 
modest budget is undo’ threat. . 

A committee set up to review foe 
future of the Clinical Research Centre 
will make recommendatons at foe end 
of foe month. ”We know there is a 
decr ease planned in the total MRC 
funding, so we assume foe centre will 
be cut to at least that level”, says Dr 
Urn .Crow, head of the psychiatry 
division. “We’ll jnst have to make foe 
“Best of . whatever they recommend. 
It’s foolish to cot state funding for this 
research when foe burden of care is 

falling on foe state itself. It makes 
sense to pot money into schizophrenia 
research, even on purely • economic 
grounds.” - 

The MRC appears to be moving 
away from specific research on 
schizophrenia, and is potting stronger 
emphasis on _ research into foe 
neuFobfology of normal brains. 

-£88m- * 

1 90 "^Voluntary donations: 

Whore tho 

^ I?"(li£5«fn money boos 

Foreign Physical | .JUraMi 
Aid handicap Animals Heart 

In the universities, too, there are 
heavy cut-backs. In the past year four 
chairs of psychiatry have been merged 
or abolished and another one is to go 
shortly- “In 1974”, says Professor 
Robert Eendell, “foe Department of 
Psychiatry had three' established 
chairs, an administrator, its own 
neurophysiological laboratory and its 
own animal’ house. Today there b one 
established chair, no administrator, no 
laboratory, no animal house. Morale 
has never been- lower.” 

Pressure is being pnt on hospitals, 
too. At Runwetl-in Essex foe bank of 
pickled brains, the first and largest in 
Britain, has been under threat of 
closure bat has bad a temporary 

The problem, however.' Is,. not 
simply one of money. One charity, foe 
Wellcome Trust, with £28 million a 
year to spend - from foe profits of 

Bamraghs Wellcome, is eager to put 
money' Into' worthwhile • research 
projects tm mental -Alness. At present 
tbe trust spends . just £300,000 to 
£400,000 -a year on mental health 
research. But it hq* recently given £4 
million . .to Glasgow University for 
work, oa senile dementia, and is 
advertising £3 mfllioh over 10 years 
for any group wanting to set np a PET 

“The hope is ttafby brain imaging 
with a scanner we will be able to see 
and understand foe, whole picture”, 
says Dr Peter Wfltiams, the trustees 
director. “Research is In depression, 
partly because of foe cuts, and partly 
because work on mqntal illness is not 
fashionable. Yon can’t attract people 
to something difficult, when they can 
go in for easier, research. The number 
of people and foe: number of ideas they 

produce is limited.” 

The Medical ^eseircli Council has 
foe same problem. , 

Tbe qualify of applications is not 
good enough. “We Hick the culture for 
encouraging researA” says Tim 
Crow. “There are. few people • going 
info clinical ‘research, and even fewer 
in this' area. There is a lack of 

There is one courageous voice in tbe 
depressing chorus. -Gwyanetb Ham- 
mings, founder of the Schizophrenia 
Association of Great Britain, has 
recently raised more than £40,009 for 
research into projects- such as- foe 

possible link of diet and schizo- 
phrenia. - • t‘ 

-Dr Robin Murray, Dean of foe 

Institute of Psychiatry and noted for 
bis success in- obtaining support for 
his research, sums up foe sad story: 
“At no time have. the prospects for 
schizophrenia research been brighter; 
at no time have foe prospects for the 
researchers beehso dim.” 

what has been ‘ discovered in dead 

Similarly, the PET scanner seems 
to be confirming for live schizo- 
phrenic' brains foe dopamine distri- 
bution in dead ones. Most of foe work 
has been done in Sweden, France, 
America and Japan. Britain currently 
has only one PET scanner, at 
Hammersmith Hospital; which has 
not been working for nearly a year. 

What are foe implications of this 
research? If foe dopamine theory can 
be confirmed, it may be possible to 
develop new drugs which will treat 
specific parts of tbe brain affected by 
schizophrenia. This could prevent foe 
unpleasant side-effects of present-day 

“It's hard to imagine it, but if you j 
could find a drug which worked on , 
one side of the brain only, it might be - 
very valuable in treating schizo- 
phrenia”. says Dr Angus MacKay, 
chief superintendent at Argyll and 
Bute Hospital. He does not rule out 
even more futuristic possibilities such 
as foe use of discrete surgery if the 
exact spot in the left hemisphere 
associated with hallucinations, de- 
lusions and madness is located. - 

The dopamine theory points not 
only to a potential cure through 
better, more specific drugs but also 
towards a possible cause. “I think 
there are several kinds of schizo- 
phrenia with different causes”, says 
Dr John Wing “Damage to the brain 
- before, during or after birth, or a virus 
infection, may be foe origin of foe 
trouble. Of in some families foe 
disease may be hereditary.” 

Robin Murray and Adrian ne 
Reveley. of foe Institute of Psychiatry, 
suggest there are two basic types of 
schizophrenia: the inherited land in 
which foe ventricles of the brain are 
not enlarged, and foe environmental 
type in which they are. There are also 
combinations of the two in different 

They claim there are different 
degrees of genetic predisposition, as m 
diabetes and heart disease. Where it is 
strong foe illness starts of its own 
accord. Where it is weak, some 
environmental “insult” is needed to 
trigger it, such as stress over exams, 
work and family relationships. 

L aboratories all over the world 
are starting the search for the 
human gene or genes respon- 
sible Tor hereditary schizo- 
phrenia. The first step is to 
find a family with a history of 
schizophrenia from whom blood 
samples can be taken. Usiog foe 
techniques of molecular, biology, the 
researchers would separate foe com- 
plete range of genetic material 
contained in their blood cells. If 
schizophrenia involves only a single 
gene then, as for cystic fibrosis and 
Huntingdon's Chorea, foe chance of 
identifying it is quite high. 

If it could be identified, inherited 
forms ‘ of schizophrenia could, like 
Down's syndrome, be avoided by 
analysing fluid from the womb during 
the first few weeks after conception, 
and if faulty genetic material is found, 
pregnancy can be terminated. 

Perhaps foe most cheering and 
unpublished new discovery comes 
from Dr Tim Crow. In a study of 150 
patients who have had their first 
schizophrenic breakdown, be found 
that the likelihood of having a further 
attack appears to increase the longer 
the delay before the person receives 
treatment with neuroleptic drugs. 

’ In other words, people who are 
diagnosed and treated quickly are less 
likely to have a relapse. The 
neuroleptic drugs appear not only to 
master or control symptoms of the 
disease, but to stop the deterioration 
which makes foe lives of schizo- . 
phrenic* so tragic. 

Chm— Hwwpapwi Ud. 1 W 

Training - the 

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The worthy products of social work training 

From: Geoffrey Peacock. 
Mackenzie Road, THejford, 

Your article regarding sorial 
work training, based on Mrs 
Ann van den Brink'-s experience 
(Monday Page, December 23). 
may he valid from bee personal 
standpoint, and may reflect the . 
individual confluence of her 
aspirations and tbe. particular 
course at- Ipswich. It does not, 
however, . say anything abont 
social work training m general.' 
i Like Mrs van deh Brink, I 
came . into social work' as a 
mature . student, but- fotind the . 
: training I received at Plymouth 
Polytechnic well planned, prac- 
tical as d related to .foe practice 
of sorial work '.There is no., 
reason to. suppose , tbit, many 
courses 'do not turn out; in .foe 
main, sound. : graduates, . pre- 
pared to. start /the. process of. 
consolidating Ibeir basic, fcnpw- ', 
IcdgC . arid'.' s&Qs .obtained in. 
college m.lhe firidwdrk practice. . 

There is a good case for 
improvements m social work 
training but that case" can be 
made out for most professions. 

• As a manager of a social" 
services area in East Anglia I 
have taken students from foe 
Ipswich course and caxrehxly 
employ a number of staff 'who 
have received their basic train- 
ing there. They are sound, 
sensible, mature personalities, 
pursuing a -difficult profession 
-with skill and expertise and are 
not recognizable as products of 
such " a system as described by 
Mrs van den. Brink . . - .: 

from: Mrs Jennifer. Jones. The. 
Chapel House. Martins Moss. . 
Smallwood. Cheshire. 

Having read Ann 'van- den 
Brink's experiences of .foe first, 
year; of a non-graduate course in 
social work, I consider 
imperative that I attempt .in 
spine: measure to . redress foe 

The- post-graduate course 


which led to my qualification 
was held at the University 
College of North Wales, Bangor, 
in foe mid-1970s and I can 
unreservedly say that never 
have 1 worked harder than I did 
for the duration of foe course. 
The volume of work covered 
was enormous and the teaching 
both, offered and demanded a 
high degree of inieHeciual 
rigour. These ■ nub .factors 
imposed; foeir own discipline, 
intellectual - and professional, 
and in the course of my work 
since qualifying I have found 
this discipline invaluable. 1 • 

I do not believe, that tbe 
general standard of social work 
training has deteriorated over 
the last -decade to the point 
described by Ann van den Brink, 
and 1 think it important that, in 
these dark days.for the image of 
foe social work profession,, the 
public is awarc-fo&t many, and T 

hope most, of us have been 
thoroughly and appropriately 
trained.. . . 

Thi& needless guilt 

From: Angela Slaier, High 
Street. Eton, R 'indsor. 


Margaret Duggan (First Person. 
January, 10) highlights foe 
proWertts faced by a “double- 
career. couple?. But moil strik- 
ing is, (He extent to" which she 
has give* in to feelings Of guflL 
both w|ien wo riding-in full-time 
paid - employment and since 
giving it-up. - 

The most expert practitioner 
coukLrioi keep in the air all of 
the balls with which the modern 
woman is expected to juggle; 
choices .must be made, and 
women . should not blame 
themsdyes for having to make 
them. When will women libcr- 
‘ ate themselves from the vicious 
•circle of guilt and begin to enjoy 
the -.frtle; - or combination v of 

Something nasty 
in the woodshed 

According to tbe Countryside 
Commission, one third of the 
population do not use foe 
country side for anything except 
travelling between towns. I am 
among their number. 

It was not always so. Once 
upon a time I lived in a fairy- 
tale thatched cottage with roses 
round foe door and draughts 
down the chimney, in a 
picturesque spot so isolated 
that when I invited people to 
lunch 1 counted myself lucky if 
they had located me by tea- 

A lady came in twice a week 
to help me keep this earthly 
paradise in tip-top nick but as 
she interpreted this to mean 
picking the most decorative 
flowers in the garden and then 
arranging them in vases, I had 
to swfr -1 the spiders down the 
plug-hole myselfr 

The problem with me and 
tiie countryside was that I 
couldn't see what it was there 
for. Obviously not for the fresh 
air, since even a short walk in it 
brought on a drowsiness so 
intense that at times 1 thought 
a witch might have pricked me 
on the finger with a magic 
needle. Not for its beauty, since 
not one cold, windy patch of it 
could compare for sheer pretti- 
ness with Hampstead Heath. 
Not for its amenities, which 
consisted of gimcrack pubs 
whose poky windows were 
flounced with chintz, and whose 
fireplaces were bedecked with 
what a friend of mine refers to 
as “copper cliches”. 

And not for the charm of its 
inhabitants. These fell into two 
groups: sullen locals who were 
always moaning about foe birds 
getting at foeir cherry trees and 
lond-monthed weekenders in 
quilted jerkins and wellies with 
straps at foe back to stop rats 
leaping at their calves. In fact, 
the only rats around were foe 
two-legged kind who wore suits 
in horse-blanket checks and 
coveted their neighbours' wives. 

I disliked the car 
becoming a lifeline 

Something nasty, or quite 
possibly something perfectly 
enjoyable to the participants, 
always seemed to be going on in 
the woodshed, at a rate which 
would seem shocking in more 
salubrious spots such as Earls 
Court. Country-dwelling 

lechers called champagne 
“shampoo”, dangled braces of 
pheasants before foe eyes of a 
hoped-for conquest and sug- 
gested walks in the bluebell 
woods even when it was quite 
obviously going to rain. 

These tactics wouldn't have 
got them very far in the city, 
where there are all sorts of 
more amusing things on offer, 
including Robert Redford 
movies and late-night shop- 
ping, bnt they did quite well out 
of town, where foe only 



alternative diversion was cover- 
ing Kleenex boxes in Laura 
Ashley fabrics for foe next 
sommer fete. 

What i disliked most was to 
see foe car turn into a lifeline, 
since it was impossible even to 
collect foe newspapers without 
it. As a confirmed townie, I had 
been used to touring Kensing- 
ton Palace, Apsley House and 
Leighton House all in one day's 
gentie mooch. 

Far from the madding crowd, 
one spent hours speeding along 
a dual-carriageway to see a 
single second-rate stately 
home, with bonght-in furniture 
supplied by foe National Trust. 

I am by no means foe world’s 
greatest user of brasseries, 
boutiques and bortes de nuit. It 
is just that when I spend the 
whole weekend crouched at one 
end of foe sofa, reading novels. 
I like to know that outside my 
front door there is a there there. 
It unsettles me to look out of 
tbe window and see only pleuty 
of nothing; to know that foe 
nearest cinema is 15 miles 
away and offers soft porn on 
three of its screens and a Walt 
Disney cartoon on foe fourth. 

1 can quite understand that 
for those whose weekday lives 
are a riot of can die- burning at 
both ends, getting away from it 
all must be an imperative at 
weekends. But f spend Monday 
to Friday in a rather bleak 
stretch of the Gray's Inn Road 
where there is nothing much to 
be seen except newspaper 
offices and sandwich-bars. 

The best weekend 1 ever 
spent was at foe Ritz, a 30p bns 
ride from where E live. There I 
was, slap-bang in the middle of 
everything that makes life 
worthwhile: the Royal Acad- 
emy, theatreland and foe 
Jennyn Street bit of Simpsons. 
Not a bit of nature to be seen 
anywhere, unless yon count 
Green Park. Which yon can't 
really, since it is foil of 
civilizing influences like deck- 
chairs and ice-cream vans. 

If the Countryside Com- 
mission wants to attract more 
customers, perhaps it should 
collect a few tips from foe 
London Tourist Board. 

roles, which they have chosen to 

Chronic guilt is incapacitat- 
ing. and it constitutes one more 
obstacle preventing women 
from malting a full and creative 
contribution to society. 

Action on smears 

Froni Dr Jane Chomet. Crouch 
Hall Road, London N8. 

M a GP in whose practice one 
woman in every 30. is affected 
by pre-cancer of the cervix, I 
found Medical Briefing (Janua- 
ry 10) very illuminating. There 
is a crying need for the training 
of doctors, not necessarily of 
consultant status, who would be 
willing and able to undertake 
diagnostic colposcopy services. 
Also for centres where such 
patients could attend for early 
examination and evaluation 
and,- if necessary, be refereed to 
a consultant gynaecologist for 




)bu can make sure that your concern far the old 
and frail will live on after your own lifetime 

For by leaving a legacy you can give certainly to 
MHA's continuing care of the elderly in need. 

Today we look after more than 1300 elderly 
people in our Homes and Sheltered Housing, and 
we plan to increase this figure to 2000 by the year 
199 Ql Will you help? 

Do consult your solicitor. Or write to MHA for 
leaflets that describe our work and give guidance 
in making a Will or arranging a codicil. 

Please remember us- 

and be remembered. 



Epwonh House, 23/35 City Road, London EC1Y 1DR 
Reg. Charity No. 218504 

*Fvc heard that it's one of the 
rejected schemes for the 
National Gallerj extension' 

Not even the House of Lords is free 
from graffiti. Twelve davs after his 
resignation, the announcement of a 

talk by "Michael Heseltine. Sec- 
retary of State for Defence” is still 
pinned to the Lords' notice board. 
Across it someone has rcrawled: 
"Who her*. 

Black, not red 

So much for Lambeth’s commit- 
ment to racial equality. As I have 
reported, council leader Red Ted 
Knight was tvselected to stand for 
Femdale ward in the local elections 
in May only after ferocious arm- 
twisting and the last-minute with- 
drawal of three black women who 
had beaten him on to the shortlist. 
At Thursday's meeting of Vauxhall 
Labour parly he must face ihe 
backlash. One motion condemns 
“tactics used to ensure the reselec- 
tion of silting councillors. In 
. particular ... the pressure cn some 
individuals to stand down from the 
j shortlists”. Another, from the 
party’s black section, "condemns the 
1 failure of Lambeth Labour parties to 
deliver on tfceir declared commit- 
ment to racial equality", laments 
that “the cause of Black represen- 
tation is now worse off* than before 
the selection process, and coldly 
suggests that Lambeth ceases using 
black candidates "as tokens prior to 
continuing to favour white men”. 

How Britain can help bring peace 

High risks at 

The furore which will greet the 
imminent announcement of the four 
sites for low-levc! radioactive waste 
dumps may mask a far more 
significant government move. A 
Cornish mining firm. Eicon Electri- 
cals Ltd. has applied to Kerrier 
Disrict Council for planning ap- 
proval to sink a number of 200 

metre bore-holes at Riskajeage 
quarry' near Hay le. Eicon is a sub- 
contractor for the UK Atomic 
Energy Authority, and the drilling is 
part of a five-year project to find a 
suitable site tor kigli-tevel nuclear 
waste. As Cornwall sits on a bed of 
granite, has a hi£h level of natural 

background radiation and a higher- 
than-average leukemia me. cynics 
would say it is an ideal place to 
dump the worst nuclear waste. 
Nonsense, says an AEA spokesman. 
Cornwall has been ruled out on 
geological grounds and inis is merely 
research into drilling problems. 
Locals are not reassured. 

Nuclear warmth 

The United Nations International 
Year of Peace has achieved early 
and unexpected success. It has got 
CND’s Bruce Kent, his arch-antag- 
onist Julian Lewis, director of* the 
fervently anti-CND Coalition for 
Peace for Security, and Lady Olga 
Maitland of Women and Families 
for Defence all sitting - so far 
peacefully - around the same tabic. 
The two stridently right-wing groups 
both cheekily applied to affiliate to 
the British body set up to celebrate 
the year - and the organizers could 
find no good reason to reject them. 
Not so Conservative CND. whose 
leadership was usurped by wilder 
elements of Tory youth who 
inverted its aims. It applied and was 
rejected as too “hard-right”. “Out- 
rageous.” complains its chairman. 
Harry Phibbs. 

© The Westland debacle could 
never have happened in Singapore. 
The trade and industry minister, Lee 
Hsien Loons - due rare later this 
month - don hies as defence minister. 
He is also the prime minister's son. 

Lobo blow 

A nasty shock for Neil MacFarlane, 
the former sports minister, during 
his recent winter break in the 
Algarve. There he was. having a 
drink after golf at the five-star Vale 
do Lobo resort, when into the bar 
walks a thin fellow in cap, sunglasses 
and T-shirt emblazoned "Liverpool 
to London Jobs March 1981". Looks 
familiar, muses MacFarlane. OfT 
come the sun specs ... revealing 
Ken Livingstone. 


Wet as they arc. the Young 
Conservatives must be quite embar- 
rassed in retrospect by their choice 
of speakers for their party confer- 
ence fringe meetings last October. 
One. Sir Richard 0'3rien. has since 
become the target of government 
wrath over his chairmanship the 
Church of England's "Marxist” 
report on inner cities. Another, Nick 
Raynsford, director of the London 
Housing Aid Centre, is the Labour 
candidate in the forthcoming Ful- 
ham bv-election. 


For more than four decades, the 
Middle East seemed to be con- 
demned by a Sisyphean curse. 
Trying to extract itself from the 
abyss of periodic wa is. it finds that 
whenever it reaches the summit of 
the diplomatic mountain and peace 
appears to be within reach, the 
process rolls back, into political 
deadlock or worse, beckoning 
another round of possible violence. 

In 1977, after a carefully orches- 
trated diplomatic move. President 
Anwar Sadat’s peace initiative broke 
on to centre stage. Its uniqueness 
was not in the form of a tentative 
concession or a probing compro- 
mise. Within less than two weeks 
both Israel and Egypt entered direct 
negotiations based on a promise of 
no more war. Anxiety and suspicion 
gave way to hope. 

Recently our cabinet unani- 
mously adopted a decision that, if 
reciprocated, will facilitate a new, 
more harmonious phase in Egyp- 
lian-Israeli relations. While ihe 
entire range of opportunities created 
by this decision is yet to be fully 
realized, its full implementation is a 
challenge to us all. 

The peace treaty between Israel 
and Egypt was designed to be the 
first step in a general accord between 
Israel and all its neighbours. Thus 
far. however, the peace treaty 
remains a single and isolated 
episode. We. in Israel, have not been 
deterred by this, and have continu- 
ously striven to enlarge the peace 
process. Recently we saw the signs of 

Shimon Peres, the Israeli prime minister, arrives 
in London tomorrow to see Mrs Thatcher. Here 
he urges support for negotiations with Jordan 

a promising opening in Jordan. 

Let us consider what the process 
might look like. The first step for its 
initiation would be greatly facili- 
tated were all sides to renounce the 
use of violence, any land of 
violence. In such an atmosphere, all 
states concerned could then convene 
around a negotiating table in any 
location mutually agreed upon. In 
this spirit I reaffirm my willingness 
to go to Amman for the first round 
of talks. 

It is my belief that two guidelines 
should serve us in our -negotiations. 
The first is that the dialogue should 
be carried out in an environment 
free of external pressures and 
preconditions. Lei us a draw a line 
on past rhetoric and reason together, 
creatively, each side willing to 
consider seriously all suggestions put 
forth. Second, let us negotiate 
directly, Israel and any Arab country 
willing to commit itself to peace. 

The question of Palestinian 
representation has frequently been 
depicted as an example of Israeli 
obstinacy. The record speaks for 
itself. We have recognized the right 
of non-PLO Palestinians to partici- 
pate in the negotiations. These 
mutually agreed representatives 
would be an integral part of the 
Jordanian-Palestinian delegation. 

Several Arab states have often 
said that they consider an inter- 
national umbrella as a useful 
catalyst for the talks. We welcome 
the support of all states in our effort 
to reach a peace treaty. Indeed, we 
call on all permanent members of 
tbe Security Council to reaffirm 
their commitment to the UN 
Charter by helping the parties to 
enter into direct negotiations, even 
through an international forum if 
need be. 

Such a forum would comprise 
those permanent members of the 
United Nations Security Council 
who maintain diplomatic relations 
with all the negotiating states. 
However, international help and 
support should not be confused with 
negotiation. Nothing should under- 
mine the direct bilateral nature of 
the talks between the parties 

Thc object of these negotiations 
should be peace between Israel and 
the Arab states, as well as the 
resolution of the Palestinian prob- 
lem. The negotiations would en- 
compass all aspects of peace and 
could produce intermediate as well 
as permanent arrangements. In the 
spirit of conciliation and compro- 
mise, 1 am convinced that honour- 

Martin Fletcher looks ahead to some key voting issues for 1987 

With almost unseemly haste. Mrs 
Thatcher and President Mitterrand 
will announce in Lille today the 
winning scheme for a fixed cross- 
Channel link. On both sides, the 
haste has its origins in forthcoming 

Mitterrand's Socialist government 
badly wanted a decision before the 
National Assembly elections in 
March. At home, the Conservatives 
arc equally eager that work should 
start at about the time of the next 
general election, expected in the 
early summer or autumn of 1987. 

The link, creating thousands of 
jobs on both sides of the Channel 
during the five or six-year construc- 
tion period, may be popular with the 
electorate generally, but of even 
greater importance will be its 
symbolic value. After nearly 200 
years of talk, something is at last 
being done. The link, says Nicholas 
Ridley, the Transport Secretary, will 
be "ihe most spectacular engineering 
project of recent European history". 
And it will be privately financed, 
enabling the Conservatives to 
portray themselves as the party that 
has liberated private enterprise, 
while avoiding the creation of white 
elephants which consume taxpayers' 

The Chunnel will be of minor 
importance compared to the central 
election issues of the welfare state, 
unemployment, crime, defence and 
education. But its commencement 
will be just the sort of event that will 
help create a favourable ambience 
for the Tories. 

Robin Cook, Labours campaign 
co-ordinator, refers disparagingly to 
such cosmetic measures as “the 
rouge on the cheek” and expects 
them to be “showered on us like 
confetti” in 1987. They will have an 
effect, he says, “only on the 
margin”. Indeed. But with the 
election now very much a three- 
horse race, and with the economy 
unlikely to be sufficiently healthy or 
sufficiently ailing to prove decisive, 
that "margin" could prove crucial. 

Barring a dramatic collapse in the 
price of oil or other unforeseen 
circumstances, the economy, though 
less buoyant than this year, will not 
be moving significantly in any 
direction during 1987. 

At the 1983 election, unemploy- 
ment had tripled since Mrs Thatcher 
came to power in 1979, but the 
electorate did not lay the blame for 
the increase at the government's 
door and did not feel Labour could 
do belter. This lime, however, with 
unemployment causing greater con- 
cern. with a prevalent boredom 
factor and with Labour pressing 
home the point that oil revenues 
have peaked, the public may be less 
inclined to give the government the 
benefit of the doubt. In these 
circumstances, other events, appar- 
ently peripheral, could in fact be of 
significance. In 1987, for instance, 
work will gather pace at Vickers 
shipyard at Barrow on the shell of 
the first Trident submarine, a 
contract for which will be placed 
some time this year. David Green- 
wood, director of Aberdeen Univer- 
sity's Centre for Defence Studies, 
estimates that as much as £3.5 
billion of the approximately £10i 
billion programme will have been*, 
committed by mid-1987 and con- 



Credit side: the Channel, Trident, privatization and Lawson tax cuts 

Debits: the Osprey copyright case. Baker's green belt dilemma. Size well 

Election pluses 
and pitfalls 
for the Tories 

tracts will be going out almost 

With Labour and the Alliance 
parties both committed to cancelling 
Trident, this should concentrate 
minds admirably on the future of 
Britain's independent nuclear deter- 
rent. If either opposition party 
intended to honour its manifesto, it 
would have to act decisively to 
cancel Trident within days, rather 
than months, of taking office in June 
of that year. 

To the opposition's evident 
disappointment, implementation of 
both Norman Fowler’s social 
services reforms and of Kenneth 
Baker's rates reforms (except in 
Scotland) have been put off until 
1988. No one disputes that the 
postponements are for genuine 
reasons to do with the complexity of 
the legislation, but equally tbe 
government will not risk imple- 
menting such controversial legis- 
lation so close to an election. 

It will, however, hope for 
maximum political mileage from its 
privatization programme. British 
Airways - barring legal hitches - 
British Gas and RoyaJ Ordnance 
will already have been sold off. The 
British Airports Authority will be 
the next to go and sales are likely to 
have been announced of National 
Bus, Rolls-Royce. Unipart, Short 
Brothers and the 10 water auth- 

More than two million people 
subscribed for shares in British 
Telecom, the British Gas issue will 
be biffier still, and water could be 

the biggest of them all. There is a 
plan at Conservative Central Office, 
of which ministers approve, to file 
all new shareholders of privatized 
companies on computer. At the next 
election they would receive mail- 
shots wanting of the danger to their 
generally profitable investments of 
voting Labour. 

Privatization has a further advan- 
tage: it raises cash - nearly £4 billion 
in the case of British Telecom, for 
instance - to finance tax cuts. It 
takes £1.2 billion either to knock a 
penny off the basic rate or to raise 
personal allowances by 5 per cent. A 
small tax cut is on the cards in this 
spring's budget, a much larger one in 
March 1987. 

The Tories, however, will have to 
negotiate certain unavoidable mine- 
fields in early 1987 which could rub 
off the rouge. The first of these is the 
Sizewell B nuclear power station in 
Suffolk. If the government gives the 
go-ahead, the Central Electricity 
Generating Board plans to start 
construction work on January 1 that 

Central Office acknowledges that 
Sizewell B could well become a 
potent focus of environmental and 
anti-nuclear protest in the run-up to 
an election. Counter-measures may 
have to be tough. 

Equally awkward for the govern- 
ment will be the question of 
Tillinghara Hall in Essex, the 
proposed green-belt site of the first 
of at least six new communities that 
Consortium Developments - a 

combine of Britain's largest builders 
- wants to construct in the south- 
east. An inquiry begins this March, 
and Baker is expected to make 
a final decision early in 1 987. ’ * 

It will not be easy. Although 
environmentally minded himself, he, 
will be very conscious of the growing 
housing crisis in the south-east, and 
of his government's commitment to 
cased planning restrictions and 
greater freedom to the entrepreneur. 
If. he gives the go-ahead however, he 
will enrage not only environmenta- 
lists. but also such allies as the 
Council for the Preservation of 
Rural England, the National Farm- 
ers’ Union, the Country Landowners 
Association, and a large number of 
Tory MPs fearful of the challenge of 
their southern seats by the greener 
Alliance parties. 

The environment lobby is no 
longer inconsiderable. It reckons its 
own strength at three million votes 
and believes that more than 50 
environmentally sensitive seats hang 
in tbe balance at the next election. 

Other events in 1987. are more 
imponderable. Major embarrass- 
ment for the government could lie, 
for instance, in the High Court 
action being brought against British 
Shipbuilders by Osprey Ltd. due to 
begin that January. Osprey claims 
BS may have used plans for its 
“Osprey” patrol boat to assist in the 
design of a new Royal Navy patrol 
boat, HMS Peacock. The govern- 
ment applied - unsuccessfully - to 
have part of the trial held in camera. 

Admiral of the Fleet Lord Hill- 
Norton. ah Osprey supporter, 
believes it wishes “to suppress 
something which may be damaging 
to the reputation of government 
ministers and officials”. 

There will, of course be a host of 
unforeseen isues raising their beads 
by 1987. Party tacticians cannot 
foresee disasters like the Westland 
affair. But they can manipulate to 
their best advantage what they can 
see in the election pipeline. 

able and mutuall y agreed solutions 
could be reached. 

Good ideas in the Middle East 
usually have a built-in obsolescence 
because they are invariably over- 
taken by events and poshed by 
seemingly intransigent counterforo- 
es. These can be neutralized by a 
larger expression of encouragement 
from the world community in 
support of the peacemakers in direct 

Rarely in history does a nation get 
an opportunity to affect the inter- 
national politics of a region at its 
most critical junctures. Britain, 
which deserves credit both for the 
Balfour Declaration and for UN 
Security- Council Resolution 242,. 
has now a third such opportunity in 
encouraging and ushering the sides 
to the Middle East conflict to the 
negotiating table. 

i A general and comprehensive 
peace in the Middle East is much 
more than a political necessity; it is 
the fulfilment of an age-old destiny. 
The descendants of the two sons of 
Abraham will dwell once more 
together, fulfilling their - historic 
mission in tbe family of nations. 

The two cultures!, . Judaism and 
Islam, and the two national move- 
ments, Zionist and Arab, will be able 
to allocate .their resources to the 
development of the cradle of 
humanity .where they were bom. 
Above ail. their creative coexistence 
will allow the inhabitants of the 
region, weary of war, to guarantee a 
better future for tomorrow’s gener- 

lose in 

At last Spain repays its debt to the Jews 



The meeting in The Hague yesterday 
between Shimon Peres and Felipe 
Gonzalez, the Spanish prime minis- 
ter. celebrated more than the 
establishment of full diplomatic 
relations 37 years after Israel’s 
creation. It marked an official re- 
encounter between the Jewish 
people and Spain after a lapse of 500 

in 1492. at the moment of final 
victory over the Moors at Granada. 
Queen Isabel and King Ferdinand 
issued an edict giving Jews three 
months either to be converted to 
Christianity, or to sell up all their 
property and leave Spain. 

Those original Sephardi Jews 
iSepherad was the Hebrew name for 
Spain) enriched the rest of Europe 
and North Africa with their culture 
and skills, and their descendants 
have made a substantial contri- 
bution to present-day Israel. 

Recognition of Israel has been 
accomplished with mixed feelings. 
There are worries about getting 
embroiled in the Middle East 
turmoil and fears of Arab reprisals. 
The Spanish embassy will be 
situated in Tel Aviv, not Jerusalem, 
and Madrid has emphasized Spain's 
“traditional friendship and solidar 
ritv with the Arab world.” 

jJ-P Jti V Cv 

In his book Spain in Its History. 
although written long ago in exile 
from Franco's Spain, Americo 
Castro insisted on the unique inter- 
relationship of Christians. Moors 
and Jews which had forged one of 
Europe's oldest nations. All this has 
a strange topicality these days. 

“It is very possible that if Spain's 
Jews had not been expelled, they 
might have prevented some of the 
errors of absolutism and promoted 
the development of a nation more 
cultivated, tolerant and pragmatic.” 
tbe Madrid daily Ya, owned by the 
Catholic church, observed in an 

There were Jews in Spain in 
Roman times. After the Islamic 
invasion in- AD 71 1 the Jews 
contributed as administrators, scien- 
tists and philosophers _ to the 
flowering of a Moorish civilization 
more advanced than in neighbour- 
ing Christian kingdoms- By the 13th 
century, historians estimate, there 
may have been 200,000 Jews in a 
Spain whose total population was 

less than under four million. 

Several of the major figures in 
Catbolfr Spain at tbe height of its 
glory, such as St Teresa of Avila, 
came from converted femmes of 
Jewish origin. - A . famous .-defence ' 

before the Inquisition had a Jew 
insisting he was quite as much a 
Spaniard as any Christian and 
asking how Christians might have 
behaved if the king had ordered 
them to become Jews. 

Jews began returning in small 
numbers during the 19th century. 
Today about 12,000 live in Spain, 
including important communities in 
Barcelona and Catalonia. 

Jews were first allowed to become 
Spanish citizens again in 1924 and a 
law on religious freedom under the 
1978 democratic constitution bene- 
fits Jews and Protestants alike. Yet 
vestiges of a religious-inspired anti- 
semitism survive: a “judiada” 
means a dirty trick, for instance. 

Why did Spain take so long to 
recognize Israel? The origins of tbe- 
problem lie with the Franco regime 
which, although inveighing against 
“Jewish, masonic. Marxist con- 
spiracy” to its end in 1975, had 
helped tens of thousands of Jews - 
mostly from the Balkans - to escape 
Hitler's gas chambers by isming 
them with Spanish passports. The 
motivation, it is said, may not have 
been entirely humanitarian but to 
ensure petrol supplies, mainly 
controlled by the Allies. 

David. Ben-Gurion, Israel’s first 

prime minister, shunned recognition 
by a Franco Spain. Later the Israelis 
helped Spain’s future democratic 
forces when they were still illegal. 

After the advent of democracy 
Madrid struggled with the problem' 
of bow to recognize Israel without 
antagonizing the Arabs, and with an 
economy largely dependent on 
Middle East oiL Now, Mexico and 
Venezuela have joined Saudi Arabia 
as Spain's suppliers. 

A proposed exchange of envoys in 
1 982 was called off after the 
massacres by Israeli-backed Chris- 
tian militias m the Sabra and Chatila 
refugee camps in Beirut Israel's 
strike last October against the PLO 
headquarters outside Tunis aborted 
relations a second time; 

After receiving assurances that 
Israel was not about to launch' 
military reprisals for the Rome and 
Vienna airport attacks, Gonzalez 

referendum campaign got under 
way. Spain,- Gonzales has said, 
wants to get into the same posture as 
the other EEC countries with the 
Arab states and Israel alike. 

Richard Wigg 

In the present political dimate, with 
many marginal seats .at ..s take , 1 
would be surprised if there is not a 
letter something like this on file in 
die Labour leader’s office: 

Shadow Environment Office 
House of Commons 

Dear Neil, 

It seems a good moment, now 
that the government’s embarrass- 
ments are dominating the headlines, 
to do a little forward thinking about 
our own. You asked for a frank 
assessment of where we are on local 
government issues, so here it is. 

The whole Liverpool affair can be 
chalked up as successful - albeit a 
short-term exercise in damage 
limitation. Your own performance 
at the Bournemouth conference and 
the current inquiry have persuaded 
the public, for the time being ax any 
rate, that the parliamentary leader- 
ship has no time for Militant and is 
doing something about it. 

This perception is pretty fragile. It 
doesn't help that Militant candidates 
are still being put on -shortlists and 
in some cases selected as parliamen- 
tary and council candidates. In left- 
wing constituencies that are not 
Militant, there is considerable 
hostility to the inquiry because it 
gets into tbe local press. But if tbe 
inquiry recommends nothing more 
than the expulsion of one or two 
people, the public will see it only as 
a cosmetic exercise. I am sure we 
have to take Militant head on. Tbe 
problem with that is that the more 
we uncover, the. more we~ hand 
victories to the Alliance - as tbe 
recent Liverpool council by-election 
demonstrates. But taken all in all, 
the bigger and earlier the purge, the 

Liverpool in 1985 will be as 
nothing compared to London in 
1986. however. For a start, at least 
10 councils are likeiyto be Involved. 
They are aD'busy with two processes 
at present - selection of candidates 
for the local elections in May and 
deciding what to do about their rate- 
capped budgets. The selection of 
candidates is going appallingly 
badly. Huge numbers of moderate 
and experienced councillors all over 
London are giving up. Those that 
aren't going of their own accord are 
being deselected or shunted off to 
fight safe Tory wards. Quite a few 
local Labour parties are requiring 
written undertakings from all candi- 
dates that they will not under any 
circumstances vote for cuts in jobs 
or services even if it means 
surcharge, bankruptcy, etc. The 
complexion of most ruling Labour 
groups after May will be even 
further to the left than it is now. 

The influence' of Militant itself in 
London is limited. Tbe allegiance of 
most of these new left-wingers is to 
London Labour Briefing, labour 
Herald, Socialist Organiser, Socialist 
Action (Tariq Ali’s former Inter- 
national Marxist Group) and other 
Trotskyist entrisf groupings. This 
represents a serious problem for us: 
we cannot as we have done with 
Militant mount an inquiry into all 
of them without appearing ridicu- 
lous and revealing to Ihe world that 
the Labour Party is riddled with' left- 
wing extremism. Isolating a Militant 
Liverpool from the rest of the 
Labour Party is difficult enough: 
isolating the whole of the London 

Labour Party is unthinkable 

Somehow or other we havc-toftS 
with them. All, probably, vdU 
budgets in March ; which. cdSS 
officers and legal advisers^} 
publicly describe aslegai 
-the comrades will describe private!* 

- or maybe not too privately L** . 
illegal deficit budnris,-, fit 
words they will include an oveS 
figure for ‘‘savings’* to. make tS 
books balance which, they, have an' 
intention of making. Most of fee* 
councils have been, rate-capped and 
have avoided cuts .only by usim* 
every accountancy device in tg 
books, mopping iro.foe reserves aad 
special funds and ending the -year 
with an overspend: they won’t be 
able to do it again, 

Around October or November 
some will start getting serious 
warnings from the District Aii grt Of 
and after that the money will ruij on 
fast. Many people in the. Labwir 
.Party and the public sector unions a 
envisage a massive coundl worker * 

strike at this point, developing into i 
virtual state of insurrection. If that 

seems fantasy, bear in mindLaD ihe 
additional incendiary : factors: . the 
tension in some areas between 
police and public, political activists, 
formerly employed by the GLC how 
angry and frustrated and with time- 
on their hands. Itr is a -nightmare 1 
prospect - 

It would help our course if some/ 
of these councils were to take- 
avoiding action now by way of some 
unobtrusive cost-cutting; But that is< 
not their style. In fect they seem -ujk 
.be spending more money as the* 
‘‘election approaches, particularly oti 
jamborees, conferences and pub- 
licity. There is barely a lam p-post in 
inner London that is not swathed fa; 
propaganda of one- sort or another. - 
Communication with these charac- 
ters presents a serious difficulty./ 
Ken Livingstone, whom we hid ' 
thought would be a useful ' go- ; 
between, is a disappointment there' 
is open war between him .and the* 
hard-left groups. 

It is unclear how far the Prime-' 
Minister and Kenneth Baker are- 
prepared for this situation. So far the , : 
indication is that they think they can- 
benefit from a politically chaotic, 
London, particularly if it can be 
indentified with Labour extremism, jfr 
This, as they read it, is the lesson of ; 
Broadwater Farm. ■ ' . 

. Having gone through this analysis • 
with considerable gloom a number:- j 
-of times I have come ' to the I 
conclusion that the only way to 1 
avoid deep trouble would be to lose 
control of as many of these boroughs 
as possible in May - preferably to a, 
Tory-Afiiance coalitioo which could , 
then be blamed, for all the cuts; 
Unexpected defeat might shake our i 
people - to their senses, and oppo-' j 
sition would give us time to rebuild 
a more moderate party mXondon. 

Unfortunately the Fulham by- , 
election stands in the way. Wc have, . 
to win it to have even a ghost of a,' 
chance in the general election, but a 
London by-election victory shortly 
before the borough elections would * 
undoubted boost our p e r f o r m ance '' 
in the latter. Heads they win: tails 1, 
’we lose. . L 

. 1 am sorry this is all so glum; but - 
you asked for frankness. Yours, as 
we used to say, fraternally, . 

Jack Cunningham 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

A saucy lesson 
for the French 

One of the nicest and quirkiest 
books that came out before Christ- 
mas was a breezy history of HP 
Sauce written by actor Dihsdale 
Landen and his wife Jennifer. It's 
foil of unexpected details, such as 
the fact that until the 1980s there 
was a bridge across a motorway 
carrying nothing but a pipe pumping 
malt vinegar, or a description of the 
day in the 1950s when a vinegar vat 
exploded and the streets and homes 
of Aston ran brown with the stuff 

Above all, I was glad to learn at 
last why until very recently HP 
Sauce bottles had half the label 
written in French - “Cette sauce de 
haute quality". It was not, as you 
might imagine, to aid infiltration of 
the French market, but to give the 
sauce a sophisticated, gourmet 
image which it did not have before 
and. which, I must say, it does not 
have now. Mr Landen -even reprints 
a musical setting for this French 
lyric, composed by Denis King in 
the 1 960s for the late Marty 
Feldman to sing. I don't remember 
it getting into the Top Twenty, but 
perhaps I was away at the time. 

The ambors confess that of all the 
markets in the world, the French has 
proved the hardest for HP Sauce to 
crack. The Scandinavians seem to 
love it, the ex-colonies go bn lapping 
it up, , but the French, even though 
they have accepted Worcester Sauce, 
cannot see the point of HP Sauce, 
even with French subtitles. When 
the Channel. link is finally built, not 
many brown sauce bottles win be • 
going across it, any more than the 
French will start sprinkling vinegar 
on their chips. I think it fair to say 
that the French have a great distrust’ 
of English food. 

I think it also fair to say that most 

of the time they have been right to 
be distrustful, in a seco ndhan d 
bookshop the other day I came 
across a cookbook published years 
ago by the manufacturers of Poison’s 
Cornflour. In it there was a recipe 
for spaghetti with tomatoes. This 
involved boiling the spaghetti for 
half an . hour, which is quite 
extraordinary when you consider 
thar nowadays 15 minutes is tho ught 
to-be the absolute nmirmiup 
this, was not alL The recipe then' 
asked you to reserve half a pint of 
the rooking water, mix it with 
cornflour and tomatoes, and then 
bake it all with the spaghetti until it 
fradgpne golden brown amL% 
PRsnnaHft.tunwMo an indeactfo-a 
abk mush. 

Elsewhere in the book Mesas., 
Poison insisted on adding. cornflour 
to scrambled eggs and, believe it or 
not, to omelettes. I hope the book ' 
was never exported to France. But as 
a sign that things have dramatically 
changed over the years, I - hays' r 
received a letter from Richard : 
Cunningham at the British' Council, 
telling me that an exhibition p£ . 
British cookery books has just , 
opened in Paris, evoking great • 
interest from tbe French profession. ' 
Tbe only dissenting notes were from ' 
a few British journalists, he siys. - 
who felt it was a question of bringing-' 
coals to Newcastle.' 

This sort of defeatist attitude will 
get us nowhere If we are to feel equal 
to the French. I recommend the-, 
attitude taken in an bid South 
African cookbook which I recently - 

browsed through. Entertaining with- 

Wines of the Cape. 

“The tradition of marking dales - 
on. bottles assumed ah added 1 
importance from the whims and ' 
antics of the climate of .the- more - 
northerly wine countries of Europe. . 
namely France and Germany. 7 Wtne ; 
connoisseurs take note of the years 
which were blessed wi|h abundant 
sun.. . and these become ’vintage* 
years. In sunnier climes —and South . . 
Africa is outstanding for its regalaC 
hot summers -every year becomes 
vintage year in that sense and, -with 1 
the dates on the wine battles losing' 
most of their original, importance 
they are often discarded." - • - 

You see .what the author is tcaBf L 
saying? France and Germany are not'*, 
really suited to wine-growing, ht# -i 
they do their best, poor things, even-.r 
if they have to label as “vintage 'n 
years which to ns are quitrentiinary. < 
Really, of course, the Frtmch ha^ 
only ordinary years and bati ycyv 
but you cant Wame tiicin.forhypi 1 ®^ 
the ordinary years as great ... T ^ „ 

I like this approach; the ideatitff' 
the~ French -are; doing- the best- HKJ ': 
can under very trying 
and need allthe sympathy: they 
gcL I offer it free* for i 

to the manufacturers of HP Saw* 
they could only market the j 
France as_ a .- gourmet 
complete With vintage year, 

Britain's main:'-' 
areas, a few cookuu 
couple of cockiail xeapes 
4 la. Lea tPerrin^l think 

be on to a good tiring: As 
; they, restore ihe_Bsacte&al 
hfoel/of course. «**:*£? 



P.O. Box 7, 200 Gray’s Inn Road, London WC1X 8EZ. 
Telephone: 01-837 1234 


Reports from South Yemen 
^suggest that the devil one knows 
T’has been ousted by the devil one 
knows only too well. If indeed 
cx-president Abdul-Fattah 
Ismail has regained control of a 
country from which he fled into 
exile more than five years ago. 
Western policies in the region 
will have to be re-drafted. 

As fleeing Russian families 
were decanted along with every- 
one else from the Royal Yacht 
Britannia at Djibouti while a 
Royal Marines band played 
“Land of Hope and Glory” it 
was Moscow rather than 
1 Washington or London, which 
• must have felt that the world had 
been turned upside down. On 
the other hand it looks as if 
Moscow should be prepared to 
shoulder most of the blame. 

Amid reports of a ceasefire 
last night, following talks at the 
Soviet embassy in Aden, it 
seemed clear that the outbreak of 
fighting last week - and the hasty 
evacuation of foreign nationals 
from South Yemen, had been an 
unpleasant surprise to the Krem- 
lin. Less certain however is the 
Reaction of Soviet leaders to the 

Abdul-Fattah Ismail, a hard- 
line Marxist well-known to 
Britain for his part in the 
terrorist campaign which pre- 
ceded Aden's independence in 
1967. returned home from exile 
in the Soviet bloc last year - a 
development which has long 
been the subject of speculation. 
One theory has been that 
Moscow regarded his presence as 
an embarrassment and wanted 
to return him to the land from 
whence he came - if only to get 
rid of him. 

( . But this has never satisfac- 
' torily explained why the Rus- 
sians should have thought a 
Yemeni of such uncompromis- 
ing personal ambition and politi- 
cal zeal, would be content to He 
low under the leadership of the 
president who had replaced him. 
the more moderate and increas- 
ingly pragmatic Ali Nasser 
Muhammad. Nor does it explain 
why Nasser should have been so 
prepared himself to accept him 

A more likely explanation is 
that Moscow, concerned over an 
apparent slackening of ideologi- 
cal commitment returned Abdul- 
, Faitah Ismail to the fold, to 
1 «liffen the conscience of his 
nation. Nasser, relying for his 
support upon the Soviet Union, 
did not choose to have him back 
or even willingly accept it. 

Abdul-Fattah Ismail originally 
returned to become secretary for 
Administration in the Central 
Committee in Aden. But the 

underlying intention of the 
Kremhn may well have been to 
nurture his rehabilitation as the 
man who would effectively rule 
South Yemen through his con- 
trol of the party machine. This 
would have reduced Nasser to 
the role of puppet president, - a 
man representing die acceptable 
face of Marxism to a credulous 
world but of little real power in 
the land. 

Nasser, however, seems in the 
end to have refused to accept the 
diminishing part which had been 
allotted him in Yemeni politics. 
As a result, the Soviet Union far 
from being able to watch the 
strengthening of its ties to the 
Arabian peninsula, was suddenly 
faced by a threat to the stability 
of one of its most important 
bases and centres of influence in 
the Middle East 

Of course, while the blood- 
shed and uncertainty of the past 
week has been both an embar- 
rassment and a worry for tbe 
Soviets, the outcome may be less 
important In a sense each of 
Aden's warring factions has been 
led by one of Moscow's men. 

The evacuation from Aden in 
which the royal yacht played 
such a spectacular part was an 
operation for which the Royal 
Navy, among others, deserves 
congratulation. The circum- 
stances demanded the highest 
standards of courage and sea- 
manship on the spot - and speed 
of response at home. It also says 
much for the degree of co-oper- 
ation that can be reached 
between nations which are 
otherwise at odds. 

It will be noted, however, that 
East and West are capable of 
crisis management after an event 
of this kind - but not before it. 
So far attempts to resolve 
regional conflicts in harmony 
rather than discord have not 
been encouraging. 

The Soviets have found them- 
selves in trouble in the Third 
World for a number of differing, 
if inter-related reasons. ‘ One is 
the temptation which they can 
rarely resist, of so flooding a 
satellite with “advisers” and 
their families that the hosts start 
to resent the intrusion. The 
second is that a number of the 
more pragmatic Third World 
leaders find on gaining power, 
that the West is more generous 
in its aid than is Moscow 

A third is that the Soviets, 
despite the experience of their 
own heterogeneous empire, often 
fail to understand the strength of 
tribal divisions in the Third 
World. This would seem to have 
been at least one of the difficul- 
ties they came up against in 
South Yemen. 


Washington, Brown, Wilder and 
Gray are all relatively unfamiliar 
names from within American 
government. They are joumey- 
, men politicians all, unafraid to 
{ . cut a deal or shake out a 
campaign contribution. They 
arc, respectively, mayor of 
Chicago, speaker of the Califor- 
nia Assembly, lieutenant gover- 
nor of the state of Virginia and 
chairman of the House of 
Representatives' Budget Com- 
mittee. They are black. They 
exercise • ordinary political 
power. They co-operate daily . 
with whiles. They play the 
institutional game. As such they 
are true legatees of Martin 
Luther King. 

rt invalidates his dream not a 
whit that today's black poli- 
ticians are merely average, that 
V there is no pre-eminent black 
presidential hopeful. His dream 
was of black participation in 
America's inner life, an end to 
civic exclusion. Today, the first 
federal holiday in King's honour, 
it is important to note, the 
number, the range and the 
quality of the generation of 
blacks holding office. 

The campaign to establish a 
national commemorative holi- 
day led by King's widow and 
owing much to the entertainer 
Stevie Wonder was in many 
ways an echo of earlier times. It 
A i had to contend with revisionism 
J - both about King's character 
and the direction of the black 
political movement after the 
passage of the 196S civil rights 
legislation. The application by 
the federal judiciary of equal 
rights laws, especially in edu- 
cation, has provoked reaction 
against both judges who proved 
to be cack-handed social engin- 
eers and the legislation’s equa- 
tion of separatism and discrimi- 
nation. But in 1983 President 
Reagan signed the bill creating 
the new holiday and only his 
*• perennial critics will now doubt 
his endorsement of the cel- 

For between the president and 
the black leader there are 
, parallels, particularly their use of 
a national platform to invoke 
. general symbols to convey to 
. individual Americans a sense of 
j self, and a motive to aspire. Even 

the most passionate advocate of 
strong federal legislation to 
enforce blacks* rights in edu- 
cation and employment and the 
strongest partisan of extra spend- 
ing on urban and welfare 
programmes that benefit blacks 
now accept that one of the major 
problems of American blacks - 
the dissolution of their family 
structure - can only be solved if 
individual blacks, especially 
black teenagers, can recapture 
ambition and character. 

The commemoration of King 
has been naturally enough, an 
occasion for anti-Americans to 
gloat over figures for black 
poverty in the United States 
(ignoring, for example, recent 
reports showing black edu- 
cational attainment improving 
at a pace). There was nice timing 
in the invitation, by such as 
Hackney Labour Party, to the 
preacher of black “self suf- 
ficiency”. Louis Farrakhan, to 
visit Britain. The Home Sec- 
retary was right to ban. No 
amount of explanation by Far- 
rakhan’s acolytes can excise 
from the public record his 
hopeless anti-Semitism. 

Perhaps ignorance is the best 
excuse for the headline in 
Caribbean Times on Friday 
which said “we need leaders like 
Farrakhan”; but perhaps there is 
a more worrying failure to see 
what black leadership should be 
like in a multi-racial society. The 
leader of Haringey Council, Mr 
Beniie Grant, is not it. He offers 
a juvenile model in which pie 
leader of a many-sided munici- 
pality abandons the general task 
of representation and speaks 
only for a sullen minority of a 
minority, flattering a pocket of 
black youth in their self-reganL 

B lacks can and should be 
leaders, in councils and in 
Parliament, and there is a lesson 
to be taken from across the 
Atlantic. Martin Luther King 
preached political engagement, 
and his memory has best been 
served by the large number of 
American blacks, police chiefs, 
school superintendents, mayors, 
representatives who have be- 
come ordinary politicians who 
prosper or not by the quality of 
service- they give to all the 
people, not a single ethnic 

Trials of bringing 
criminals to book 

From Detective Superintendent 
Donald Taylor 

Sir, Many of us involved in the 
administration of criminal justice 
believe that the advent of the Police 
and Criminal Evidence Act on 
January 1. 1986, with its vast 
increase in bureaucracy, will make it 
increasingly difficult to bring crimi- 
nals to justice. 

The requirement upon police to 
increasingly include the defendant's 
solicitor in the interrogation process 
coupled with die recent guidelines 
by the Attorney General requiring 
the prosecution to disclose to the 
defence all evidence in their 
possession without a corresponding 
obligation on the defence, can only 
mean that more criminals will 
escape justice. 

How can it make sense for a 
suspect to be told that he does not 
have to answer any questions? If he 
declines to answer any questions, is 
it sensible that that refusal cannot be 
subject of comment by the pros- 
ecution? Indeed, if he refuses to 
answer questions, even the ques- 
tions asked by the policeman cannot 
be given in evidence. 

What is the use of new codes of 
practice that give precise and 
detailed instructions as to the 
holding of identification parades but 
which require the police to tell 
arrested suspects that they do not 
have to stand on a parade if they do 
not wish to. even an informal one? 
How are we supposed to identify 
suspects in such cases? 

It. appears to many of us that 
many criminals simply “play the 
system", adopting the attitude “it 
costs nothing to go for trial, so we 
may as well give it a run". Might it 
not make good sense in those cases 
where trial is in front of a jury (but 
not for trials in front of magistrates) 
to allow previous convictions to be 
produced, as a person's previous 
convictions for dishonesty must 
surely be relevant when his honesty 
is in dispute at trial. 

This would have the effect of 
preserving the jury system as it 
exists but would make jury trial less 
attractive to habitual criminals, with 
tbe hopeful by-product of a ns 
duction in the number of cases 
clogging up the crown court lists. 
Yours etc, 


‘A’ Division,. 

Avon & Somerset Constabulary. 
Bridewell Police Station, 

Bridewell Street, 

Bristol Avon. 

January 6. 

Weight of priorities in forest clearance 

Milk quotas 

From Mr R. J. Sheepshanks 
Sir, The letter from Mr Barnaby 
Hannam (January 9) unfortunately 
ignores the real cause for concern. - 

As John Anderson so rightly 
pointed out in the letter (January 2) 
to which Mr Hannam replied, small 
dairy farms, particularly those 
owned by county councils, are an 
important feature of the farming 
ladder. Indeed, the statutory small- 
holdings maintained by county 
councils throughout England and 
Wales are effectively the only 
available first rung in the farming 

The total county council small- 
holdings estate amounts to around 

1 60.000 hectares and provides about 

8.000 tenancies whose average size 
is slightly in excess of 20 hectares. In 
over half the county councils 
dairying is the predominant farming 
activity. There is seldom an 
alternative farming enterprise which 
is realistically available. 

Against this background the 
argument about whether milk quota 
belongs to the tenant or tbe landlord 
is irrelevant As a matter of fact, on 
many county holdings it is the 
landlord who has provided the 
capital and built up the dairy unit 
This investment is made to ensure 
the continuing availability of well- 
equipped small farms for those who 
wish to make a start in farming. 

The inevitable result of the 
outgoers’ scheme, which allows a 
tenant to remove quota from his 
holding without the consent of his 
landlord, will be to produce a 
holding which is untenable and thus 
to remove one more opportunity for 
a young farmer. County councils are 
bound to consider this with dismay 
and to see it as a short-sighted 
measure which may provide im- 
mediate benefit for a tenant but 
which seriously prejudices the future 
of the farming industry. All those 
who can view these issues objec- 
tively will see the matter in the same 

Yours faithfully, 


Chairman. Agriculture, Land and 
Buildings Committee, 

Association of County Councils, 
Eaton House. 

66a Eaton Square, SWI. 

January 9. 

Westland’s future 

From Mr M. H. Fuller 
Sir. In the recent BBC Panorama 
programme Mr Hesehine received a 
hostile reception from members of 
the Westland workforce. Perhaps the 
following points null amplify the 
reasons why the workforce is so 
solidly behind Sir John Cockney and 
his board for the Sikorsky/Fiat deaL 

Heseltine glibly talks about our 
Nato allies and future participation 
of Westland in the proposed PAH- 
2/LAH/A-l 29 and the NH-90 (some 
10 years hence) projects if Westland 
goes the European way. 

Js Mr Hesdiine so naive as not to 
realise that France is not in the 
military structure of Nato and, 
therefore, should cany less weight 
than those who are fully committed. 
Such as Italy and tbe USA? 

1 submit the European consor- 
tium was not really Heseltine's 
initiative, but wholly the French 
Government’s on behalf of Aerospa- 
tiale, who fear the power of the 
Westland, Fiat, UT industrial base. 

From the Vice President. External 
Relations of The World Bank 
Sir, Contrary to Mr Tony Paterson's 
allegation (January 3), the World 
Bank is seriously concerned about 
the .devastation of tropical forests in 
many parts of the world. The Bank 
has loaned more than S 1,000 million 
for forestry conservation and devel- 
opment to- some 55 different 
countries over tbe last decade, and 
we feel strongly that much more 
needs to be done. 

This is why we recently joined 
forces with the World Resources 
Institute in . Washington and the 
United Nations Development Pro- 
gramme to help devdop specific 
action plans to save what remains of 
the world’s rapidly shrinking trop- 
ical forests. 

For more than 15 years the Bank’s 
environmental office has examined 
all Bank-financed projects for their 
possible consequences to the en- 
vironment. More than 1,500 pro- 
jects - many of them involving 
tropical forests - have included 
environment-protecting and en- 
vironment-enhancing measures. 

An important aim of the Bank's 
involvement in the Polonoroesie 
project in Brazil cited by Mr 
Paterson, has been to help steer 
continuing and spontaneous mi- 
gration away from fragile and/or 
ecologically exceptional areas and to 
encourage sound agricultural prac- 

Paving of a road in the area was 
one of many project components 
and a major objective was to help 
fanners get their agriculture prod- 
ucts to market more efficiently. 
There have been implementation 
problems and this is why the 

Crisis in Sri Lanka 

From Mr Arthur Hettigoda 
Sir, Your editorial on January 9, 
headed “Crisis month for Sri 
Lanka", is very one sided. May I list 
a few facts to show the other side of 
the picture. 

British rule in Sri Lanka lasted 
only 150 years from 1796. Tamils 
and Sinhalese have lived in that 
island for many centuries before that 
amicably and to say that the Tamils 
were discriminated against after 
independence in 1948 is without 

More than half the Tamil 
population of Sri T-»nlra still live in 
majority Sinhalese areas peacefully, 
mainly in the south of the country, 
with many T amil- owned huge 
businesses in Colombo, the capital 
Nearly half the Sri 1 ankan public 
service, including the Chief Justice, 

is T ami l 

The majority of the population of 
the eastern province is Sinhalese and 
Muslim and not Tamil. That is why 
the Indians have made dear that 
they do not support the Tamil claim 
to the east. 

I think President Reagan saw it 

Guns at Heathrow. 

From Mr G. M. Fufford 
Sir, Mr Philip Charles’s letter 
published today (January 15) shows 
disquiet about police armament at 
airports. Some years ago I used to 
advise the officers of a military unit 
on personal weapons. In the 
beginning many officers, being fair 
shots, preferred accurate small 
calibre pistols. Soon, a crazed 
terrorist who had been shot many 
times with 9mm bullets killed the 
gunner with a large knife This 
confirmed that making holes is 
nothing, stopping power is all. 
Revolvers (less prone to jam) 
became popular in heavy calibres. 

The new police weapons fire 9mm 
jacketed bullets which penetrate well 
but penetration of one person may 
mean the death of an innocent 
behind him and is thus not 
desirable. There are certain hand 
guns whose action is to stop any 
person hit with certainty and in 
some cases to throw a heavy man 
several feet The bullet seldom 
penetrates to damage others. 

A machine gun is like a hosepipe 
having, a "cone" of fire which 

In the minutes 

From Vice-Admiral Sir Arthur 

Sir, On the subject of Cabinet 
Ministers there was a Secretary to 
the Cabinet whose name obstinately 
eludes me, but whose little piece of 
verse sticks in my elderly memory. 
It goes: 

The Cabinet rises and goes to its 

The Secretary stays and gets thinner 
and thinner. 

Scratching his brains to record and 

What he thinks that they think they 
ought to have thought. 

Yours sincerely, 


Langhmst Barn Cottage. 

Hascombe, Godaiming, Surrey. 

This, of course, explains the 
desperation of the Euro bid. 

The French do not like compe- 
tition, as Westland has learnt to its 
cost over the past J5 years. If the 
US/Italian partnership plan suc- 
ceeds (and, after all they are both 
full members of Nato). a Black 
Hawk helicopter, developed by 
Westland, with British rotor tech- 
nology, Rolls-Royce RTM 322 
engines. British avionics and sys- 
tems, would be a formidable threat 
to the aspirations of Aerospatiale’s 
Super Puma Mk2. 

My view of the matter is, in order 
to erase the Black Hawk threat, tbe 
only alternative open to the French 
was a blocking bid via a so-called 
European consortium, not to help 
Westland, but to keep the US and 
the Blade Hawk out of Europe. 
Indeed, Westland wife Sikorsky /Fiat 
would be a formidable company and 
I am sure, once the dust had settled, 
Agusta. Westland’s partner on the 
EH-101 project, would soon join 

Government of Brazil took the 
initiative last year to have disburse- 
ments from Bank loans held in 
abeyance until remedial action could 
be discussed and agreed. This was 
done and pr ogr ess is now being 

Mr Paterson also criticises the 
Bank's role with regard to the 
resettlement of Indonesians from 
densely populated Java and Bali to 
other islands. This project is aimed 
at reducing land ana population 
pressures in one part of fee country 
by transferring skilled farmers to 
under-used land elsewhere. . 

The main thrust of the World 
Bank’s role is to undertake planning 
studies to ensure the selection, of 
suitable sites, including an assess- 
ment of environmental and forestry 
features. The Government has made 
good use of these studies and almost 
half of the sites rejected in the past 
have been ruled out primarily on 
environmental grounds. 

Difficult choices are the reality of 
Third World development. Govern- 
ments are torn between tbe needs of 
their people today, next year and in 
the next century. Poverty itself 
forces people to put severe and often 
irreversible strains on the natural 
environment The challenge is to 
find pragmatic ways to stimulate 
sustainable growth and alleviate 
poverty while preventing undue 
ecological damage. The World Bank 
is trying to help developing coun- 
tries meet this difficult challenge. 
Yours faithfully, 

Vice President External Relations, 
The World Bank, 

Washington, DC, USA. 

January 7. 

correctly when he said some time 
ago that the Tamil agitation in Sri 

I anlfa fa rn mmunis^ riwUiUM and 

led by ra mmnnist -thinking young 
men who wish to create a Marxist 
state in Sri Lanka. Some of the 
Tamil terrorist leaden have openly 
admitted that their struggle is to 
establish just that 

Moderate Tamils, who are in a 
majority even today, are not asking 
, for Eelam. They want to live 
' peacefully working together with the 
Sinhalese as they have done for over 
1,500 years. 

One more feet- Although you say 
that T amils are killed in increasing 
numbers, statistics show that more 
Sinhalese, many of them army 
personnel are the victims of 
terrorist massacre. 

What, may I ask, are you 
suggesting? That the responsible 
government that is in power in Sri 
Lanka hand over a certain section of 
the island to young communists? 
Yours faithfully, 


(Special Correspondent in London, 

January 9. 

increases the chance of hitting 
targets (and innocents). Used on 
semi-automatic (one shot at a time) 
it loses its dubious advantage for it 
fa not inherently accurate; indeed 
nothing is accurate enough when 
fired in the usual mode from the hip. 

Such weapons are clumsy to 
mount and fire quickly from the 
shoulder. Also, a hit will probably 
not stop tbe terrorist from a last Sing 
with say, an ultra rapid machine 
pistol or a grenade. 

It follows that Mr Charles is right 
to fear “fire fights" with the losers 
being innocent travellers and the 
police who art neither trained to use 
nor supplied with the correct arms. 

■Hie police do not seem to care for 
their new role and they cannot be 
blamed for that. A possibility might 
be an elite, quasi-military body, 
trained in special psychology and 

Yours faithfully, 



Cedar Walk, 

Copthill Lane, 



January IS. 

Best of both words 

From Mrs Geraldine Beare 
Sir, May I add to Dr Aiken's letter 
(January 2) and Bernard Levin’s 
article (Decembe r 23) on indexers, 
the following index headings by that 
master of the humorous, A. P. 
Herbert, taken from one of his own 

Reasonable man: conduct of before 

Reasonable woman: no evidence of 
Marriage: compared with horse- 
racing, with dicing with snakes and 

Yours faithfully, 


(Vice Chairman, Society of 

39 Victoria Road, 

KnaphiU. Woking, Surrey. 

Mr Heseltine has constantly 
stated that there is no money in tire 
short term for helicopter procure- 
ment Yet it is rumoured that 
Aerospatiale’s terms for joining the 
consortium would depend upon the 
MoD purchasing French helicopters 
for the RAF. If this is true, no 
wonder tbe consortium can offer so 
many guaranteed "man hours" over 
the next three years. Westland 
would, in effect become “tin 
bashers" for the French, not the 
Americans — so many times 
advocated by Mr Heseltine. 

With hi* sudden resignation from 
his ministerial post and bis present 
paranoia is presenting the European 
case, I wonder what the “French 
connection" is? 

Yours etc, 

M. H. FULLER (Senior test pilot 

Westland Helicopters Limited), 
C h e l s ea House, 

23 Chamberiamc Road, 

January 14. 

Home thoughts on 
‘servant problem’ 

From Mrs Helen JL Beresford 
Sir. Auberbn's Waugh's article on 
“The new servant problem” (Janua- 
ry 11) is truly in particular 

the quoted comments of Mrs Baxter 
regarding homesickness being a new 
phenomenon. From my research it 
is obvious ihai this is a very old 
malady indeed among servants. 

Has anyone employing servants 
ever wondered why anyone would 
wish to' become a domestic? There 
can be few women who take any real 
pleasure in cleaning some other 
woman’s home (or being at their 
beck and call for 24 hours a day if 
they live in) at the going rate of 

Mr Waugh states that these 
women win probably, in the end, do 
similar work in their own home, but 
there is a vast difference between 
cooking for one's own family and 
cleaning one's own house, however 
modest, to pe t fo r m ing these tasks 
for other people; and that difference, 
I suppose, could be called "love**, 
whether it be of the family or the 

1 suggest Auberon Waugh spends 
a few months performing these 
domestic chores in the homes of 
those he so obviously sympathises 

Yours truly, 


92 Wallace Road, 


January 15. . 

The green debate 

From Lord Kennet 
Sir, In your leader, “The green 
debate" (January 8) you write of the 
“urbanism and dark municipal 
management" supposedly prevalent 
in Whitehall in “the late 1960s", 
which Mr Baker and Mr Waldegrave 
are now trying to throw off 

A bit of a myth has grown up 
about this. It was in the late 1960s 
that the subsidy on high-rise council 
building was abolished; it had been 
earlier introduced by Mr Duncan 

It was in the late 1960s that 
conservation areas were introduced, 
by Mr- Duncan Sandys (then a 
backbencher) with full Government 
drafting help, and that general 
improvement areas were introduced, 
by the Government. 

It was in the late 1960s that areas 
of outs tanding natural beauty were 
set up twice as fast as before, that the 
Countryside Commission was set 
up, and the Central Pollution 
Control Unit, the Royal Com- 
mission on Environmental Pollution 
(these two with strong help from the 
then Chief Scientific Adviser. Sir 
Solly Zuckerman) and Project 

It was also in the late 1960s that 
the decision was taken to create a 
comprehensive Department of the 
Environment, «maTp>mafttig the 
ministries of housing and local 
government, works, and transport, 
and thus putting Government 
responsibility for the whole built 
and green environment for the first 
time under one roof The Heath 
government of the early seventies 
applied part of this plan, leaving 
transport outside. 

The achievement of the founders 
(at political level) of the environ- 
mental revolution in this country 
should be better remembered: they 
were the Labour ministers Cross- 
man, Greenwood and Crosland - all 
now dead, which is why L who was 
junior minister to all three, am 
writing this letter. 

Yours, etc. 


House ofLords. 

January 10. 

Diorama decay 

From Mr Fred Reynolds 
Sir, The article. “Conversion plan 
for London landmark" (January 8) 
implies that a unique building, 
Louis Daguerre's only surviving 
Diorama, is falling into disrepair in 
the hands of the Diorama Arts 
charitable group, but will be rescued 
by _ the Crown Estate Com- 
missioners’ proposals for residential 

Far from letting tbe building 
decay. Diorama Arts have invested 
some £ 1 40,000 on maintenance and 
building improvements. 

Residential development is not an 
appropriate use for a building of 
such architectural «nd cultural 
significance. Diorama Arts and their 
supporters wfll continue to fight to 
keep it open to the public as a centre 
of entertainment and innovation. 


Diorama Arts Ltd, 

14 Peto Place, NW1. 

Use of universities 

From Mr Graham Ashley 
Sir. Your second leader (January 10) 
refers to the virtual extension of 
education to the age of 18 which has 
come about through recent govern- 
ment policy. Is the time ripe for a 
renewal of discussion on one of the 
controversial suggestions made by 
Mrs Shirley Williams when Sec- 
retary of State for Education, to the 
effect, that universities (and poly- 
technics) should use their plant 
more efficently by having two 
streams in each academic year? 

Such a development could pro- 
vide places for many of the young 
people who win otherwise fed let 
down by a system which cuts off 
their educational growth when it is 
beginning to mean something to tbe 
individuals concemed- 

It is dear that there would be 
some additional staffing costs 
through running two 25-week 
courses per annum but the gain to 
the country would be enormous. If 
education and training are now 
really seen by Government as 


JANUARY 20 1905 

Thi» unfinished novel by Benjamin 
Disraeli*. Bari of Beacorufieldf 2804- 
1881) in as begun a feu months before 

his death. It consists of nine chapters 
and the fragment of a tenth and was 
published in the paper on January 20, I 
21 and 23. The principal character - 
Falonet - was at the time identified 
with Gladstone, an opinion shared by a : 

modem biographer of Disraeli, Robert \ 
Blake who states that Falconet is 
“ nothing less than an attempt to 
■caricature his old enemy Gladstone 
On the other hand an eminent 
American critic writing in 1905 was ^ 
convinced that the character was based 
on Macaulay. 

The of Mr. Wilber- 

force Falconet was austere, and .its 
expression would have been saturnine 
had ft not been in a state of constant 
mitigation from his thrilling sense of 
domestic happiness, worldly pros- 
perity, and religious sa ti s fa ction. In the 
management of his family, Mr. 
Wilberforce Falconet was a deroot, but 
he was an affectionate one. He often 
required sacrifices, but be occasionally 
miih tV*!? ! and, in either case, he was 
satisfied he was acting in a manner 

"two* eWersons were in his 
counting-house^ and were soon to be 
his partners, when they both were 
wn ga pxl to marry young ladies who 
were the bosom friends of their sisters 
and were members of the same 
committees and distributors of the 
same tracts. Another son was a sailor. 
Permission to enter the naval 
profession had been long contested, but 
with the prospect that his services 
would be confined to the South African 
squadron at length been obtained. 
Another son. who seemed inclined to be 
a soldier, was turned fry the panic- 
stricken family into a clergyman 
without delay, and there only remained 
the youngest son for whom a career was 
to be provided. 

Joseph Toplady Falconet had been a 
child of sin gular precocity. His power 
of acquisition was r e markable, and. as 
he advanced in youth, his talents ware 
evidently not merely those which ripen 
before their time. He was a grave boy, 

before their time. He was a grave boy, 
and scarcely ever known to smile: and 
this not so much from a want of 
sympathy for those among whom he 
was born and bred, for he seemed far 
from being incapable of domestic 
affection, feit rather from a complete 
deficiency in the sense of humour, of 
which he seemed quite debarred. His 
memory was vigorous, ready, and 
retentive; bat his chief peculiarity was 
bis disputatious temper, and the flow of 
language which, even as a child. was 
ever at command to express his 
arguments. In person, with a com- 
manding brow, his countenance was an 
exaggeration of that of his father 
austere even to harshness, and grave 
even to melancholy. 

A learned man. who had guided his 
early studies, struck by his acuteness 
and his powers of rapid attainment, 
had, after much difficulty, persuaded 
Ins father to send him to a public 
acbooL This decision cost Mrs. 
Falconet great sorrow, who believed a 
public school was a place of much 
wickedness and cruelty. Her fears and 
anxiety were, however, unnecessary, for 
her son was at once placed in a position 
in the school which exempted him from 
the servitude which she dreaded, while 
a very short time elapsed before, even 
with so many competitors, his singular 
powers began to be remarked and 

His success at school secured for him 
the Ur ti versify . He was always the 
favourite son of his father, though that 
fading on the part of the parent was 
never acknowledged or envinced. 
Secretly, however, the elder Falconet 
began to muse over the future of this 
gifted child, and indulge in dreams, 
which he never communicated to his 
wife. It was agreed, in due course, that 
Joseph should study for the Bar, 
having left the University in a blaze of 
glory as Senior Wrangler, and 
re co gn ized as the unrivalled orator of 
its mimic Parliament. 

And what were the dreams of tbe 
youth huaseh? Had beany? Though of 
an eager and e ar n est temperament, his 
i mag in ation was limited, and Quite 
conscious of his powers, being, indeed, 
somewhat arrogant and peremptory, 
aspired only to devote them to 
accomplishing those objects which, 
from his cradle, he had been taught 
were the greatest, and the only ones, 
which could or should occupy the 
energies of man. 

ram in his faith in an age of 
dissolving creeds, be wished to beHeve 
that' he was the man ordained to 
v in d i ca t e the wuhfime cause of refigknu 

truth. With these ardent hopes, he had 

renounced the suggestion which he had 
once favoured of taking Orders. It was 
as the lay champion of the Church that 
he desired to act, and believed that in 
such a position his influence would be 
infinitely greater than in that of a 
clergyman whatever his repute. The 
career of Mr. Wilberforce, ever before 
tbe eyes of the domestic eirefe in which 
he moved, doubtless much influenced 
him. It certainly did his father, for the 
secret scheme of the elder Falconet 
over which he mused alone was to 
obtain a seat in Parliament for his son. 

No easy matter in these days, when 
men think themselves fortunate to 
reach the House of Commons with a 
grey or a bald head. And yet men of 
influence by pondering over an 
generally strike fire at last If they be 
not men of influence the luminous 
particle generally will not appear and 
they are called visionaries, crotchety, or 
adventurers. . . . 

sensible investment for the future, 
higher education should be actively 
considering what positive part it can 
pfajMn meeting the needs of young 

Yours faithfully, 


15 Birdies Nook Road, 



Reception point 

From Mr Patrick Ide 
Sir, Goodness, gracious me, what- 
wer next? The London Tourist 
Board has been renamed the 
London Visitor and Convention 
Bureau (report, January 6). 

What a good thing the current 
passion for re-nomenclature has not 
yet become retrospective or we 
might expect Magna Carta to 
!f appca r» as D ®c““ent Defining 
Responsibility between the 
Monarchy and the Establishment 
Yours faithfully, 


Garrick Oub, 

Garrick Street WC2. 

January 6. 

r. . 






Clifford Longley 

Atheism as the scapegoat 


Engineer of three countries 




January 19: Divine Service was held 

m Flitcham Parish Church this 


Bf I /\ I , The Pope is surely wrong about atheism. 

■»-*-« j 0 |ji s i e tt cr last week appealing for the 
- — ■ — reconversion of Europe he described it as 

The Duke of Edinburgh. Chancellor l Prea l“ in “ 1 r mpressivc 

of Cambridge University. will visit 35 a phcnonienonof vast proportions’*, 
the university oo February 10 and 35 1 11 was Cnnstiaiuty^s . primary. 

1 1 . opponent 

A memorial service for Sir Iain ^ et **! 5 . “European values” 

Stewart Will be held in Glasgow survey in the nine main Western 
Cathedral at ll.30am on Friday. European nations, in 1981, convinced 
February 14. atheists were found io be a mere five per 

A service to celebrate the life of cent of the totaL 

The Reverend Gervase Murphy I James Monahan, CBE, will be held 

preached the Sermon. ' at St PUuTs Church. Govern Garden, ag^ fehacj? that there !Ss once 


January 19: The Princess of Wales Pcmreath will be held today in ma * esa , l “ eisnl “ 1 ® scapegoat for what may 
Ulis evening attended a Gala Westminster Abbey at 6. ! 5pm. well be failures nearer home. The evidence 
Performance of Young Stars of A memorial service for Mr A_ H. A. points to a general though unfocused 
Tomorrow m aid of Action Research Dibbs will be held today at St religious sentiment in European contem- 
m 'A n Margaret's. Loihbury.ECi at noon, porary culture, and a good deal of 

SI,rrS, a G*r***Z 

Pcmreath will be held today in m *n s aiheism the scapegoat for what may 
Westminster Abbey at 6. ! 5pm. w ™ be feiluras nearer home. The evidence 

rornorrDiv in aid of Action Research 
for the Crippled Child, at the 
Mermaid Theatre, London. ECA 
Miss Anne Bcckwith-Smith and 
Lieutenant-Commander Richard 
Ay lard, RN were in aitendance. 

NTr K. Howell Mr s. G. Kinkead 

and Mrs S. Cunliffe-Uster and Miss S. E. Kemsley 

The engagement is announced The engagement is announced 
between Keith, youngest son of Mrs between Simon, son of Dr and Mrs 
F. G. Howell and the late Mr F. H. A. N. Kinkead. of Grassendalc Park. 
Howell, of Norwich, Norfolk, and Liverpool, and Sally, daughter of Mr 
Simone Philippa Clare, cider and Mrs P. H. Kemsley, of 
daughter of Mrs R. Elworlhy of Bramflcld. Suffolk. 

Casiel. Guernsey, and the late Hon ~ . 

Philip CunlilTe-Lisicr, DFC. DSO. G W*£ fc „ . 

Mr D. G. Brown 
and Miss K. J. Bentley 
The engagement is announced 
between Daniel, younger son of Mr 
J. G. Brown, of Malmesbury', 
Wiltshire, and Mrs M. R. Gulliver, 
of Maulden. Bedfordshire, and 
Julia, daughter of Sir William and 
Lady Bentley, ofOslo, Norway. 

Margaret's. Lothbury. ECi at noon, porarv culture, and a good deal of 
mTw ‘?' l ?i5lSS D Sn f S r h? inrfiflference towards the sort of systematic 

?« Hereford SSStSuSSi cSSSl^TtSS^ °5 1 Whi ? H 

February 10 at Ham. y CalhQ], ? : Church 15 chief European 


: Tha t suggests the cause of the problem 

Forthcoming marriages I ingness to explore this possible diagno sis. 

while tilting at the atheist windmill 
Mr S. G. Kinkead instead, may render the Pope's initiative 

and Miss S. E. Kemsley for the rechristianizing of Europe a wasted 

The engagement is announced cSorL 

between Simon, son of DrandMii That the Roman Catholic Church and 

and Mrs P. Hi Kemsley, of P 3 * 500 years is obvious enough, as is the 
Bram Held. Suffolk. influence of the Reformation and the 

- ~ . Enlightenment on that movemenL 

r r R>t K . Just how a P art foey are is arguable: 

_ the 1981 Gallup findings showed that the 

TTie engagement is announced overwhelmingly predominant value- 

sSn 3 ?s o„lv Z y „f Mr aod ttc. ««“> ™ still Christianity. Nor is the 
G. Peck, Redgrave, Suffolk, and S cnei ^ , state of Europe at present so 
Belinda, younger daughter of the preadfiil, though us recent history may 
late Professor J.J. Bates and of Mrs nave been. It, and North America still 
Bates. Bournemouth. represent the furthest progress mankind 

fvi i n d.i 1 has made. 

Capt J. G. Peck 
and Miss B. C. Elates 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy Peck. Royal 
Signals, only son of Mr and Mrs G. 

late Professor J. J. Bates and of Mrs 
Bales. Bournemouth. 


Mr M. D. A. Peters 
and Miss K. G. Sinclair 

Julia, daughter of Sir William and Major 1. 0. Robertson * 

Lady Bentley, of Oslo, Norway. an “ Miss J. L. Shepherd 

The engagement is announced Mar riflP PC 
Mr P. R. H. Clarke between lain Oglii-ic Robertson. ^ 

and Miss N, H. Cobb R° yal Signals, elder son of Mr and Mr M. D. A. Peters 

The cneaecment is announced /°" n , Fl Robertson, of Banff and Miss K. G. Sinclair 

between Patrick Roger Horst, son of M r and^lr^Etonald^Shenh^^ °r Thc marria 8 e took place in Suffolk 
Colonel and Mrs M. H. F. Clarke, of nlX,,! £? r E a,d Shepherd ' of on Tuesday, January 14 between Mr 
Fleet Hampshire and Nicola Helen. gn SCS ' * ort Mark Peters, elder son of Mr and 

only daughter of Mr and Mrs MrT. R. M.Swan Mrs Noel .Peters, of Bayview, New 

Robert F. Cobb, of Pcnarth, South and Miss M. C. Arnold South Wales. Australia and Miss 

Glamorgan. The engagement is announced Katharine Georgians Sinclair 

The difficulty the church will face is in 
persuading Europe that it needs a closer 
relationship than the comfortable distance 
it is accustomed to. Possibly Europe is 
drawing on the spiritual capital of the past, 
and not replenishing it; and hence possibly 
its foundations are invisibly washing away 
while on the surface all seems steady. 

But at least some of the high values that 
European civilization stands for were 
established not with the church’s assist- 
ance but in the teeth of its resistance^- and. 
people lave long memories. : 

The Roman Catholic Church of the' 
Second Vatican Council era supports most 
of those values, now, which shows that 
whatever debt Europe may owe the 
church, the church is in its debt in turn. 

1 Much- the same nay be said of the 
Protestant churches, and in England, of 
the national church there. •• • 

Had European culture been-' totally 
faithful to the Roman Catholic Church, 
these past 500 years, it is very -debatable 
whether civilization would have' advanced 
so far. And this cruel truth for Catholicism 
has to be allowed to shape whatever course ' 
the church now chooses in answer to the 
Pope's call to arms. 

In the time span of half a millenium. 
almost all the countries of Europe have 
been through some gross social upheaval, 
such as revolution or civil war, in which 
the Ro man Catholic Church sided with 
the forces defending traditional society 
against idealistically motivated re f o rm ers. 
Some of the injustices p ci p e trated in the 
church's name were ghastly. 

This historical record lies behind the 
continuing phenomenon of mild anti-cleri- 
calism which keeps many no minal 
Catholics from the church door. It is not 
so much a present grievence as a tribal 
memory, ana the only slow and gradual 
antidote will be the constancy of the post- 

The engagement is announced 
. between Timothy, son of Mr and , 

M Fowler Mrs Robert Swan, of Kennington, 

and Dr B. J. Cooper London, and Miranda, eider 

The engagement is announced daughter of Mr Jeremy Arnold, of 
between John Fowler, of Merrick Cherrington, Warwickshire, and 
Square, SEt. and Beatrice Cooper. Mrs Heather Lakin, of Fulham, 

ofGubvon Avenue. SE24. 


Mrs Noel Peters, of Bayview, New 
South Wales. Australia and Miss 
Katharine Georgiana Sinclair 
youngest daughter of Sir George 
Sinclair, of Carlton Rookery, 
Saxmundham, Suffolk, and the late 
Lady (Jane) Sinclair. 

Mr A. E. Baring 
and Miss Z. El Goindi 
The marriage took place in Cairo on 
January 18, 1986, between Mr 
Alexander Esmond Baring and Miss 
Zein El Guindi. 

Mr S. Cole Mr W. J. J. Weaver January 18, 1986, between Mi 

and Miss C. Seip and Miss Z. A. Cartwright Alexander Esmond Baring and Mis; 

The engagement is announced The engagement is announced Zein El Guindi. 

between Simon second son of Mr between William, elder son of Mr — 

Peter Cole and Mrs Frances Cole, of and Mrs John Weaver, of St .Albans. 

Lindfield. Sussex, and Christ!, Hertfordshire, and Zoe Anne, elder RirthdflVS todsV 
younger daughter of Dr and Mrs daughter of Mr and Mrs John M. • J 

Paul Seip. of Rombuet, Altalens. Cartwright, of Harpenden. Hert- Lord Aylestone. CH, 81; Mr Tom 
Switzerland. fordshirc. Baker. 50: Mr George Bums, 90; Mr 

Birthdays today 


Mr R. M. Hcare 
and Mrs .A. Allen 

The engagement is announced 
between Richard, son of the late Mr 
Hugh Hoarr. and Mrs C. H. Hoarc. 
of High Farm. Allexion. Leicester- 
shire. and Alison, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs N. L. McDonald, of 
Woodhouse Eaves. 

Mr S. J. Wrigley 
and Mrs D. Llewellyn 
The engagement is announced 
between James, youngest son of the 

Baker, 50: Mr George Bums. 90: Mr 
Derek Dougan, 48; ihc Very Rev D. 
L. Edwards. 57: Mr Frederico 
Fellini. 66; the Hon Sir Henry 
Fisher, 68: Lord Hanson. 64; the 
Marquess of Headfon. 54; Major 

Rev William and Mrs Wrigley. or Dick Hem. 65: Mr Royalton Kisch, 
Rillington. North Yorkshire, and 67: Commandant Vonla McBride. 

Diana, daughter of the late Mr T. H. 
A. Llewellyn and of Mrs H. A. 
Parkcs. of Whiistable. Kent. 

65; Mr H. P. J. MarshalL 80; Sir Ro> 
Welensky. 79; Professor N. C. 
Wickramasinghc. 47. 

Provincial sale spotlight 

Dealer gets her marquis 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

Mrs Llianos Hodgson groaned estimated at between £30 and pair of landscape plaques 

when she saw last week's Times' £50. painted by the same artist, one 

preview of Friday s ceramics Mr Simon Peck, who runs of the “names” sought after by 
«tle at Henry Spencer, of Spencer's fine art department. Crown Derby collectors. 

Retford. Nottinghamshire. A was pleasantly surprised by Few private buyers had fat'-t 

Vatican n church on the side of reform, 
human rights and social justice. 

It may take a century; and it may 
require the church to reshape all its 
current political alliances; particularly' its 
tacit approval of Christian Democrat 
parties and tacit disapproval of their' 
opponents. And the church will also have 
to allow into itself a structure of checks 
and balances and of lay participation so 
that it loses its character as a (presently 
benign) papal or episcopal oligarchy. 

But all that is quire possible, and lies in 
the general direction in which it is already 
moving. It would re-establish the Roman 
Catholic Church (and in its wake., the 
other churches) as an institution the. 
people of Europe can trust If tins view is 
correct therefore, the necessary precondi- 
tion for the “new evangelization of 
European culture** which the Pope seeks 
will be the prior evangelization of the 
church itself. 

Christianity does not. stand on its own, 
as an abstract system of belief without an 
institution to represent and embody it; 
and so the Pope's stated hope, that the 
seeds of Christianity can be resown in 
European culture, cannot mean other than 
that the church must both do the sowing 
and be the seed sown. 

The medium is not separable from the 
message; or if it is,.tbe.resulc is precisely 
the reduction of belief to private opinion 
and a vague background sentiment, which 
is largely the state of religion in Europe 

The credibility of a Christian belief 
system that is more demanding than that 
depends on the credibility of the church 
which offers it It has no reason to fear the 
rival attraction of arid atheism, for if the 
people of Europe wanted that they would 
have embraced it by now, and they have 

Memorial services 

Professor K. de B. Codringtoo . 

A memorial service for P ro fe ssor 
Kenneth de Burgh Codringtoh was 
held on Saturday at the Church of Si 
PCter and St PauL Appledore. Th« 
Rev Anthony Towse officiated. Mi 
William Fox read an extract from 
Cricket in the Grass by Professoi 
Codrington and Sir John Winnifrith 
gave an address. Among those 

N. C P. writes: 

The death occurred in Christ- 
church. New Zealand, recently 
of Emeritus Professor H. J. 
Hopkins, QBE, DFC, for many 
years Head of the Civil 
Engineering Department at 
Canterbury University in that 

city. He was 73. 

By birth a Western Austra- 
lian, Hopkins graduated from 
the State’s university in-Perth, 
whence in -1934 a Rhodes 
Scholarship took him 10 Brase- 
nose College. On graduating 
from Oxford her woriwMbr the 
Southern Railway ■and then 
Courtaulds, where he was chief 

I 'structural engineer. 

1 He returned to the University 
of Western Australia as a senior 
lecturer in 1948 and three years 
later took the Chair of Civil 
Engineering at. -Canterbury, 
which he was to occupy until he 
retired In 1978. .He -spent five 
years of the war as a pilot in the 
Roval .Air Force. 

A specialist in concrete 
construction. Hopkins- found a 
School of Enaneeriug badly in 
need of restaffing, re-equipping, 
rehousing and rrorganizing. Its 
distinction today owes much' to 
his firm, forthright leadership, 
his insistence on technical 
rigour, his own- scholarly 
example and his obstinate 
advocacy of its needs. 

He enjoyed interplay with 
professional engineers outside 
the university. He was succes- 
sively Fulton Gold Medallist, 
council member and president 
of the New Zealand Institution 
of Engineers, and continued to 
the end to give professional but 
voluntary service to New 

Harry Hopkins was thc-alL- 

• • •* - - ' 

rounder Cecil Rhode* Lr. 
hoped to develop; He was an 
ardent sportsman, 1 

Australia hockey represent^**; 
a useful ^ridc^» £ 

contract bridge. * , 0v' i * 

He could turn ; a pjhaj. 
neatly, as his book JC Spittr„r 
Bridges (1970) show& Sg 
was one of the . few bngreeeri/4? 
ever appointed- the pfe 
Oraior of a university, In ilfay 
and other adverrityhe^ 
uncowed. . ■’ ■ . . 

Hopkins .was a mair of u^j. 
countries. ■' Though ; in, - 
waveringiy loyal to-the land nf 
his adoption, he never' lost hi* 
Australian masculine. ; good 
looks and athletic bearing, nor 
the sardonic wit, the jutting 
and membership:' of 
ward -squad m '-'.-combative 
moments. . i.‘ . . 

Oxford, the Royal Air Force 
and employment by two British- 
companies gave him a relishfor 
England and. may account for ^ 
his severe sense, of the sociaJ 
proprieties. He wm known, for 
example, to present : ties -to . - 
invited guests as a hint of whai 
else be expectedThem id wear. 

Whenever he- could her went 
to Lord’s, where he would 
dissect a match-: rather as * f 
surgeon- than as an enj^neej-. 

But bis notionaT paradise must 
have been a village green, where 
he might bowl his -left-ann 
cutters from the' pub bod while 
the batsman at the church rod 
defended gamely but in vain, j ^ 

His gentle and greatly-loved'* 
wife Dorothy, of the Bermudan 
family of Trott, died little more 
than a year ago. but-he left four 
sons anda daughter. 


Gibson. FRCP, in the denazification 

was left unsold at £10. as was a 
group of four Worcester coffee 
cups and saucers in three 

Retford. Nottinghamshire. A was pleasantly surprised by Few private buyers had 
dealer in commemorative wares this. “Good things were selling an interest in the cheap usable 
from BakewelL Derbyshire, she last year but this time average wares. A 34-piece willow pattern 
had no wish for others to be examples were making high breakfast service of around 1900 
alerted that it contained pieces prices'*, he said. “There is a was left unsold at £10. as was a 
of interest. generally buoyant market." group of four Worcester coffee 

Nevertheless, she carried off The 5*° *”6 “foeteenth cups and saucers in three 
one of the “discoveries” of the cen ^ lu T f teapots discussed last different floral sprig patterns at 

sale, nicked away in a composite T™ ° ne „ of . Bas^te with £18. There were more takers for . , _ , x> , .. . 

lot which cost her £55 (estimate, de . licate ' neo-classical decor- glass with a set of 10 engraved Pnnce Andrew and Lady Romsey, who were among the royal 

£60-£80). Lotted up with six ation ?"S* he ® ther Saltglaze, wine and champagne glasses at party attending morning service with the Queen at Ftitcham 

other plates, saucers and pla- £88 against an estimate £55 (estimate £20-£30) and a church, Norfolk, yesterday (Photograph: Julian Herbert) 

ques was a white pottery plaque *30 to £50. 59-piece set of cut. glass wine ; 

printed with a half-length Among the twentieth century glasses of various sizes at £198 

portrait of a gentlemen and the pr,ces fo L. Ro >f l Cnw “ (estimate £40-£60). Appointments in the 

words “Fayette - the Nation’s Derby were exceptional. A set of The two other lots mentioned 
Guest”. She recognized it as SIX . «d»ee cans and saucers in last week's preview were a JcOTCeS 

commemorating the visit of the P^ed with seascapes by W. E. Mexborongh white ware teapot. 

Marquis de la Fayette to J!“ de ,S ,9s (estimate which made £82.50, and a 

America in 1824. The French *i*W-£I 60 L while a private Newhall teapot sold with two 

commander and hero of the collector paid £418 to secure a other pieces for £71.50. 

Mr T. C. Thomas 

A memorial service for Mr Trevor 
Thomas was held in St John's 
College chapel Cambridge, on 
Saturday. The Dean of St John's 
officiated, assisted by the Rev C. M. 
Jones. The Master of St John's 
College read the lesson and Mr J. W. 
A. Thomely gave an address. 
Among those present were: 

Mrs Thomas iwiaowi Ute Vlcs-Chanceflor 
of Cambridge University, the Master of 
Trinity Han imt Darwin CoUege and the 
Acting VktOiucdkir of Liverpool 

Board of Trade _ 

To marie the 200th anniversary of 
the Board of Trade a commemora- 
tive service will be held at St 
Margaret's. Westminster, on Friday, 
February 28. at noon. Admission to 
the service will be by invitation only 
and those interested in attending 
should apply for tickets to Mr John 
Auger. Department of Trade and 
Industry, Room 122, I Victoria , 
Street. Loodon, SWJ, by February | 

School of St Clare 

The Provost and Chapter oT the 
Western Division of the Woodard 
Schools Corporation have 
appointed Mr lan Halford, at 
present a Housemaster at King's 
College. Taunton, to the Head- 
mastership of the School of St Care, 
Penzance, from the Summer Term 

Dr Ronald Gibson, FRCP, 
who died in London on January 
13, was for many years a 
cardiologist of international 
reputation, who was associated 
with early open heart surgery. 
He was 65. 

Born in Guernsey in 1920, 
the only son of Dr Richard 
Gibson. OBE, he was educated 
at Marlborough College, Gon- 
ville and Caius College, Cam- 
bridge and Westminster Hospi- 
tal Medical School. He qualified 
in 1943 and, after holding house 
posti was a captain in the 
RAMC serving with The South 
Staffordshire Regiment until 
the armoured thrust across the 
river Ome and then with a 
battalion of The. Seafoith 
Highlanders np to the Rhine. 

He was amongst the earliest 
to enter the Bucbenwald con- 
centration camp after its in- 
mates Jbad been released, and 
then -helped the .civilian, popu- 
lations in Kiel and Hamburg at 
the end of .the war and assisted 

in the denazification pro- 

After he was demobilized be 
specialized in the developing 
subject of cardiology. In 1953, 
he. was appointed Senior Regis- 
trar to the Cardiac Department 
at the - Brampton- Hospital, 
joining the staff two years later. 

In 1962, he. became -Phyadan 
in Charge of the Department 
and in 1965 was elected FRCP. ' 

• He was 'first and foremost a 
clinical .. .cardiologist, whose 
skills were appreciated by 'all 
who. worked with him. He 
consul ted at Bromley. Cornwall 
and Wessex, . in addition to 
-running a large clinical depart- 
ment at-.. Brampton, and a' 
considerable international prac- 
tice. _ . 

Working closely wth LoFd 
Brock, and other surgeons, he 
...was intimately involved in the 
development of open heah 
surgery for congenital, valvular 
and coronary artery disease. 


Thomas Heath cote who died Scandal. He was prominent off- 
on January 5 in London aged stage, too, as a cricketer. He had 
68, was an actor of some played for Surrey Amateurs and 
standing for many years with now scored freely for the 
the Old Vic company.. After company in matches at Sydney 
leaving the London Theatre and Brisbane. 

Studio just before the Second Back in London he had parts 
World War he became also a in Antigone and- Venus Ob- 
responsible and popular mem-, served He was specially well 

ber of a number of other cast as the the husband in the 
companies. . . Arts Theatre revival of E. M. 

He acted often with OJivier, Delafteld’s To See Ourselves 
and went with the Old . Vic (19521. In later vears he worked 

iL a 1040 A ^ , f . . . .. 

company on the 1948 Australa- much in television, including 
sian tour, during which he was . appearances in Z Cars, The 
he representative for the Old Onedin Line, Sofllv Softly, and 

he representative for the Old 
Vic School, and played in 
Richard III. The Skin of our 

Onedin Line, Softly Softly, and 

His wife, Betty, predeceased 

church, Norfolk, yesterday (Photograph: Julian Herbert) 

Appointments in the 

commander and hero of the collector paid £418 to secure a 
American War of Independence _ m 

was the “nation's guest" when 1 W rtTIVQfl 

he revisited America in that Lf X Jl T dX It 

jean he received an enthusiastic 1 . ■■ 

popular reception, was voted TTJ Q |/p t hi 

$200,000 and given a township ixtswvv 

in gratitude for his services. The By Our Sale Ro< 

? thhviiif* collectors who made most of the 

made to commemorate this visit. at Q ld 

She bought also the two- Master sale io New York on 
handled mug commemorating Friday. 

“The Prince and Princess of One of them paid $214,500 
Wales, married 10th March, (estimate $70,000-$90,000j or 

US private collectors 
make the running 

By Our Sale Room Correspondent 
icans generally prefer S125,000-S175,Q00)or£12 

handled mug commemorating Friday. 

“The Prince and Princess of One of them paid $214,500 
Wales, married 10th March, (estimate $70,000-$90,000j or 
1863’*, but it cost her xI43 £ 146.41 6 for a picture that 
(estimate £30-£50) aftej" * many people would find diffi- 
mention in T he Times . There cult to live with, “Christ as the 
was less demand for twentieth Man of Sorrow” by Lucas 
century commemoratives; three Cranach the elder. 

George V coronation mugs sold [ t s h 0 ws Christ with the 
for £33. gushing wound in his side and 

Other dealers complained Ws bare body speckled with 
that it was an expensive sale, tilooa. 

“We nearly sold ont over Other top prices included a 
Christmas so we were prepared colourful “adoration of . the 
to pay over the odds to restock”, Mag] in an architectural 
one explained, after spending setting, attributed to Jan de 



$187,000 (estimate 

S 1 25,000-S 1 75,000) or £1 27,645 
which went to another private 
buyer, and “A Peasant Wedding 
Procession’* by Pieter Brueghel 
the Younger at $176,000 (esti- 
mate $100,000-$ 150,000) 
bought by an American private 

The sale totalled £2.3 million 
with 22 per cent left unsold. 

The lower-priced lots were 
selling well, according to the 
auctioneers. Among the group 
of 26 paintings sent for sale by 
the Los Angeles County Mu- 
seum to bolster its funds was “A 
still life of fruit and a lobster on 
a cloth-draped table” by Jasper 
Geeraens, a characteristic 
Dutch seventeenth-century still 
life, which sold at $36,300 
(estimate $15 ( 000-$20,000) or 

Mr P. Larkin, CH 

A service in memory of Mr Philip 
Larkin. CH, will be held in 
Westminster Abbey at noon on 
Friday, February 14. Those wishing 
to attend are asked to apply for 
tickets to: The Chapter Clerk, 20 
Dean’s Yard. Westminster Abbey, 
London, SWtP 3PA, enclosing a 
stamped addressed envelope, by 
January 31. Tickets wiD be posted 
on February 7. Seats will be 
available for members of the general 
public without tickets. 


314 KeUei&a Club 

Teeth, and The - School for him. Heleaves one daughter. 


Sir Coilhbert Clegg, who died - From 1971 to 1976 he was 
on January 9 at the age of 81, vice-chairman of the Halifex 
was a leading figure in the Building Society, 
textile industry and was presi- He had been High Sheriff of 
dent of the UK Textile Manu- Lancashire and Westmorland 
facturers Association from 1 960 and was knighted in 1950. 
to 1969. He was a former He .was treasurer of. the 
chairman of Martins Bank, Ltd. Bishop 4>f. Manchester's Appeal 
He led the Cotton Industry -Fund launched to raise money 
Mission to India, Hong Kong to. erect new churches. for- new 
and Pakistan in 1957. From housing estates built' after war- 
1949 to 1953 he was a member time-bombing. • 

of the Economic . . Planning , ; He married in.' 1930 . Helen 
Board and in 1950-52 was Margaret, daughter of A. J. 
president of the British Em- Jefferson, MD: They. had, one 
ployers’ Confederation. son, Mr Richard Clegg, QG - 

Science report 

Machine to speed up genetic studies 


London, S4-35 New Bond Street, 
W1A 2AA Tel: (01) 493 8080 

Tues. 2!sc 11 an): Victorian 
Drawings and Watercolours 
including a Collection of 
Ship Portraits. 

Weds. 22nd: 10.30 am and 2.30 pm: 
Fine Wines, Spirits, Vintage Port 
and Cigars. 

Sothebyh Conduit Street Sales 
Weds. 22nd: 10.50 am: Furniture: 
Thu vs. 2Srd: 1Q.SQ am and 2.S0 pm: 

Are you relying on an outdated 
valuation? For Tree advice, 
telephone John Sundiffe, bead of 
Sorheby’s Valuation Department. 

Sussex. Summers Place, BOlingsburst, 
RH14 9 AD Tel: (040581) 3933 

Tues. 21sc 10.30 am and 2 pm: 
Furniture, Metalwork, Works 
of Art. 

Weds. 22nd: 10.30 am: 

Fine Oriental Ceramics and Works 
of Art. 

Thurs. 23rd. 10.30 arm Antiquarian 
and Modern Books. 

[are. Sorheby’s Valuation Department. and Modern Books. 

For i m forma [kin jnri help in bidding at all London and overseas sales, please telephone John Print*. Tel: i01 ) 49? 0030 

A machine that can automatically 
separate chromosomes from 
human cell cnltnres in the 
laboratory, at a rate of one 
thousand a second, has been 
invested by one or the Medical 
Research CountiTs team of 

The apparatus can identify and 
select any one of the 23 pairs of 
chromosomes, which are in the 
nucleus of ad normal celb and 
contain the thousands of genes 
that form the blaeprint of each 

The invention, by Dr Daryl] 
Green and Mrs Judith Fames, of 
the Clinical and Popalatkm 
Cytogenetics Unit at Edinburgh, 
uses a laser and computer analyser 

to identify the chromosomes. They 
are then extracted electrostatically 
to separate them from dm other 

The device should transform 
ranch of the medical research into 
genetic disorders and be of great 
value to pharmaceutical and 
specialist companies employing 
genetic engineering tedudqKs. 

The two scientists developed the 
machine for work on the sex-fla- 
ked X-chramosome and tint early 
work led, indirectly, to advances in 
the understanding of a guietic 
disease fee identification ol genes 
on chromosome number seven . 
implicated in cystic fi bro s is (71c 
Times, Nor 28). 

By a Special Correspondent 

At the beginning the X-duromo- 
some samples were contaminated 
irith chromosome number seven, 
which then gave an almost 

indistinguishable signal to their 
mechanical sorter. Farther purifi- 
cation of the Xs also provided 

then extracted from the stream, 
which b travelling at a metre a 

Chromosome studies from the 
blood of different donors have 
shown that fluorescence patterns 

i i. r mnque to an individual as hi* nr 

were fee basis of done banks for 
the cystic fibrosis work at St 
Mary’s Medical School hi London. 

The softer operates by identify- 
ing differences in fluorescence 
from stained chromosomes passing 
through laser light A suspension 
of chromosomes is passed through 
a glass nozzle vrife an orifice one- 
twentieth Of a millimetre across at 
a rate of two-fifths of a cuMc 
centimetre an hour, approximately 
1^)00 chromosomes a second. 

, The suspension Is broken Into a 
stream of droplets by attrasoak 
vibration and each chromosome- 
containing droplet is Hhunmated 
by fee laser beam for two mkro- 
seconds. During that time fee light 
signals from the chromosome are 
analysed for a number of factors 
which vsry according to chromo- 
some number, 1-22, Xand Y. 

A microprocessor compares the 
signal received with a .pro-sec 
signal corresponding to the 
chromosome to be selected. If it 
dedaces that fee chromosome 
alumina ted is of fee nmaber and 
type wanted the droplet containing 
It is electrostatically charged and 

unique toan individual as his or 
her fingerprints, a matter of 
probable importance to forensic 
scientists, among others. 

The developing science or flow 
cytometry also promises a rapid 
system for detecting damage from 
radiation exposure. Dr Green and 
Mrs Faates have shows already it 
j* pos sible to pick out chromosome 
fragments, “background rubbish'’, 
resulting from radiation doses of 
100 rads, more than a thousand 
time as East as can be done by 
ordinary 'inspection and without 
the fatigue suffered by human 

To extend the machine's 
sensitivity to see lower levels of 
radiation damage, they are seeking 
a way of staining fee central parts 
of chromosomes, fee 'centromeres, 
so the machine can count 
chromosome fragments resulting 
from radiation, and measure fee. 
amount of exposure. . 

Source: Cytometry, Vol 4: 88-9L 
Raman Genetic* No 719: j- 4 , 
Mmetton Research, No 119: 161- 

Parliament this week - 

-njn&row <2^50* Atomic E wv Ante- UnHtowntm AmoctaBoo U0.4W.. 

CovortunwiI BUL »eat btttragoEuia.'Mamw Hong Kona 

BMC 0,1 

Bripdicr M- Wum 





" ■■' *«•. i. '-af! 

"'-far? courage financial institutions 
‘ ^-tis pension funds andin- 
p- suraqce companies to step up 
^ f' their dealing activities. Insti- 
' _■ is,** unions hold around 70 percent 
• of investment trusts by value. 

-• Small shareholders could also 

be more- encouraged to deaL 

■; .I,’.-. Although- die present 1.65 per 
1 cent rnmimum commission for 
small baigains is not cost-effec- 
tive for some big brokers with 
riy high overheads and a largely 
U.\ institutional client list, there are 
.■ plenty of provincial brokers and. 

^ over-the-counter dealers (who 

are not Stock Exchange mem- 
bers) ready to offer a cheap 
service to the small investor. 
C Some of die big London brokers 
' c?: are also setting up discount 

"' -1^. services for smaller share- 
t holders. , 

' f. Investment trusts, .will be 
affected by the Big Bang at a 
' management level as weD as 
• •"-? just on an individual level 
:-.S Investment trusts are usually 
■ managed by a fond manage- 
r.C.- ment group, which often runs 
- groups of unit trusts and 
manages money for individual 
__ clients. Some of these fund 
managers are independent and 
• r r - ' some are parts of larger groups 
headed by merchant banks. . 

The proliferation of conflicts 
of interests in the City, as a 
result of the Big Bang, is a 
matter which has attracted a 
great deal of attention pi the 
past few months. David Hop- 

January 20, 1986 




s . 


Big Barm is set for 
. -ivji ■ October 27 and the 
::r-? fry 1 ' dtange^ it "will bring in, 

' e „, %/.!: -■» ' several, of which have 
' ‘-rsrit ]• already starred: to happen, will 
‘ ^-have fir-reaching effects oh all- 
‘vj ih» . aspedsaf Qty life. . . 

:<! ,! yawy In its essence the Big Bang is 
vH- the ending' m single capacity - . 
ifvfc j' the separation of., function, 
between:..- stockbrokers and 
1 stockjobbers - and the ending of 

.'J'- iSejJ minimum stockbrokers’ com- 
• ■ ;:it oitfr missions as decreed by .the 

-i J* Stock Exchange. 

„ ■ ‘ After October 27 jobbers can 

, act; as agents and sell shares to 
’ . the pubfic, brokers will be able 

k&i ■ to make- markets in securities 
^ Jjj- and the new breed of broker 
deakre will be able to negotiate 
• ■'■iik! 1 what commissions they receive 
‘ fi»m their clients. 

. All companies whose shares 
; rc JJr** are quoted on the stbek market 
' ’ i qJ 5 * will be" affected, investment 
‘ ■ trusts' .included. The expected 

1 . 1 . ™ I Aifl m MimmicCfAne /«t% An 

revolution to shake the City 

DimhgK Joyoo UscOonald 


°cr. 27 1 

kinson, -deputy ctaairatan and- 
managing director of M & G 
Group, was the first fond 
manager to .sound . the alarm. 
Others have since echoed his 
fears. '. 

The abolition of * single 
capacity sweeps away previous 
investor safeguards. Broker 
dealers, who wul make markets 
and sell to the public, could be 
tempted to promote securities 
because the company has a large 
position in them and wants to 
unload that position, rather 
than because it thinks the 
securities ' are: an excellent 

The quality of investment 
advice, to fund managers 
among others, and the indepen- 
dence of brokers" circulars could 
become suspect. 

Some of the old conflicts 
could also be exaggerated in a 
more competitive environment, 
which is expected to be one of 
the hallmarks of foe Big Bang. 
The corporate finance teams of 
merchant banks are employing 
increasingly aggressive tactics to 
win or defend bids, but the 
investment arms of the same 
mercham banking groups could 
scupper their efforts by taking a 
totally contrary view of a bid. 

' Such independent thinking 
has been proved in some recent 
bids, when the fond manage- 
ment side has sold shares of a 
company which the corporate 
finance side is desperately 
trying to defend. However, 
there is a fear the invisible 
barriers, which companies 

impose: in an effort to prevent 
the left hand from knowing 
what the right is doing, may not 
always be able to withstand the 
coming pressures. 

Kleinworr Benson and 
Robert Fleming are two 
examples of the new financial 
conglomerates, whose range of 
activities include merchant 
banking, market malting in 
securities and fund manage- 

Most of the new groupings 
arc going for a physical 

separation of their fund man- 
agement activities, but there 
may also be calls for a 
separation of ownership. 

-The questions of conflicts of 
interest and investor protection 
for shareholders of investment 
trusts will be addressed by a 
new body ,as yet only in the 
formative stages. The Invest- 
ment Management Regulatory 
Oiganization (IMRO) will be 
one of the seven self-regulatory 
organizations (SRO) recognized 
under the Financial Services 

1 'll 

Bill, which is now on its way 
through Parliament. 

.Although individual invest- 
ment trusts would not need to 
come under the jurisdiction of 
the Bill, as they are individual 
companies and regulated by tbe 
Companies Act, fond manage- 
ment groups running several 
investment trusts will come 
within the scope of the BilL 
IMRO will cover investment 
managers and advisers, includ- 
ing managers and trustees of 
collective investment schemes 

Market bargains in Europe and Far East 

lu 1985 stock markets in 
Austria, France, West Germany 
and elsewhere in Europe per- 
formed better than London, 
Tokyo and Wall Street Invest- 
ment trusts, which have an 
international reputation for 
their overseas portfolios, were 
quick to take advantage of 
buoyant conditions on the 
Continent . 

Of 10 new issues in the 
sector, no less than four were 
specialist European trusts. The 
first of these was the German 
Smaller Companies trust, laun- 
ched in February by Lloyds 
Bank International. Both this 
and Nordic Investment which 
followed it have proved popular 
with investors and their share 
prices now stand above the offer 

In October Ivory & Sime 

launched the Continental Assets 
Trust, Tor small company 
investors, and a month later this 
was- joined by the German 
Securities Investment . Trust. 
The share price of both has 
faOen well below their bumch 
prices, suggesting that invest- 
ment Interest waned towards the 
end of the year. 

' The list of new issnes also 
includes four Far East trusts. 
While foe Martin Carrie Pacific 
Trust is - fairly well spread 
throughout foe region, foe 
Pacific Assets Trust, launched 
at foe start of last year, restricts 
itself to foe smaller economies 
such as South Korea and 
Thailand rather than Japan and 

Baillie Gifford Shin Japan is 
ahn unus ual in that it concen- 
trates on smaller Japanese 

companies. The fourth new 
issue, foe China & Eastern 
Investment Company, not 
strictly speaking an investment 
trust, is rather different from 
foe rest by providing a chance 
for direct investment in commu- 
nist r*Hhm. 

Of the Far Eastern group, the 
BaflUe Gifford trust has prob- 
ably performed best, limiting 
the fall in its share price since 
the offer to 7 per cent. An initial 
fall is quite normal for invest- 
ment trusts, because foe shares 
trade at a discount to their asset 

Both the remaining new 
issues were highly specialist. 
Strata, launched by Henderson 
Administration, concentrates on 
smaller stocks mainly at home 
and in tbe United States, while 
Plantation Trust, as its name 


and in-house pension fund 
managers. The boundaries 
between the SROs are not rigid 
and the tally of seven SROs is 
not final. The Securities and 
Investment Board and the 
Marketing of Investment Board 
Organizing Committee, the two 
boards which have set out the 
structure for the Financial 
Services Bill following the 
Government's White Paper on 
Financial Services, are encour- 
aging convergence of certain 

suggests, offers a chance to 
invest both indirectly and 
indirectly in plantations. 

Taking a cue from last year, 
1986 is likely to see more 
specialists, though foe fashion 
for European trusts may prove 
to have been short lived. 

Hamish Buchan of foe 
stockbrokers Wood Mackenzie 
points out that there was a surge 
of interest in Europe in 1972 
and 1973, when there were at 
least nine European issues. Of 
those only one, F & C Euro trust, 
survives in its original form. 

While foe current batch of 
issues might in theory lace a 
similar fete, foe new trusts are 
more likely to survive in today's 
increasingly international cli- 
mate of investment. 

Clare Dobie 

(( INSIDE )) 

Hooking Che 
small investor 

Page 16 

Battle to be top 
of the stocks 

Page 17 

Merger mania 

Page 17 

AlTCs new 

Page 18 

More miHions 

Page 19 

IMRO is being encouraged to 
combine with the Life Assur- 
ance and Unit Trust Regulatory 
Organization (LAUTRO) which 
is designed to cover life 
companies and unit trust 
managers for the management 
and selling of their products by 
themselves or by ibeir lied sales 

The body covering insurance 
and unit trust intermediaries, 
the Life and Unit Trust 
Intermediaries Regulatory 
Organization, is also being 
encouraged to combine with 
NASDIM, the already formed 
and functioning National As- 
sociation of Securities Dealers 
and Investment Managers. 

Investment groups will be 
able to choose which SRO they 
wish to join, but the natural 
home for substantial invest- 
ment managers, includiag in- 
vestment trusts, will be IMRO. 

The purpose of the Financial 
Services Bill is to ensure that 
the fraudulent, dishonest and 
insolvent are excluded from 
practising and high standards of 
conduct are observed by all who 
are allowed to practise. 

There will be certain general 
requirements, which will apply 
lo all authorized businesses. 
They include an investor 
compensation scheme, a com- 
plaints procedure, compulsory 
segregation of client money, 
banning of cold-calling - unsol- 
icited approaches - except in 
some agreed cases, a code 
covering tied salesmen, licens- 

ing of salesmen and a compre- 
hensive monitoring and en- 
forcement procedure. 

Investment trusts will be 
aficcied by the new regime in 
that management groups will 
'come under the auspices of the 
Bill, but they will be less 
affected than many other forms 
of investment, which have a 
more direct marketing relation- 
ship with the public like unit 
trusts and life assurance. 

In preparation for the Big 
Bang and the new investor 
protection rules enshrined in 
the Financial Services Bill, 
some fund management groups 
have been reoiganizing. Touche 
Remnant, which manages in- 
vestment trusts, unit trusts and 
pension fund money, has 
convened itself from a non- 
profit-making management 
company for 10 investment 
trusts to a folly commercial 
profit-oriented organization. 

Its quest for growth and 
desire to attract international 
funds led to its joint venture 
with the Bank ofTokyo in 1984 
when it claimed to be the first 
collaboration by a leading 
Japanese commercial bank and 
a London fund manager. The 
bank holds 51 per cent and TR 
49 per ceni of BOT Touche 
Remnant Assei Management. 
The bank offers financial 
services to its international 
clients, while TR undertakes the 
fund management. 

Touche has also recruited 
people skilled at running large 
international organizations. Ils 
most recent appointments to 
the board include Sir John 
Cuckney. of Westland fame, 
and Eric Parker, chief executive 
ofTrafalgar House. 

The courting of overseas 
diems by fund management 
groups can only be expected to 
intensify as the Big Bang brings 
the outside world closer to 
London and American and 
Japanese financial groups estab- 
lish themselves in the securities 
terrain, once exclusively re- 
served for the British. 

Alison Eadie 



■*<,. *■ * » 


T Pi t-*’ _ 

Ipl&Hi i§„ 

i v .' ^ >v : v •••'* • * r '"V* ^ ■ > 

-0 i ^ v f-.- .. the? ’ 

mm™; . viking, . 


Number One. Charlotte Square. 

,VORY & SlXf £ 





How to hook the small investor 

International Merchant and Investment Bankers 

Schroder Investment Management Limited 

360kJJewiy, London EC2R 8BS. Telephone: 01-382 6000 

Investment Managers to the following Investment Trusts 
Ashdown Continental & Industrial Trans-Oceanic 

Investment advisers to Pension Funds. Charities. Unit Trusts. 
International Funds and Private Clients 

Group Companies. Associates and Representative Offices in 

Australia Colombia Singapore 

Bermuda Hong Kong Switzerland 

Cayman Islands 

Saudi Arabia 

United Kingdom 
United States of America 

Falling numbers of private 
investors in investment trusts 
and the higher profile of the 
more popular unit trusts are 
matters which have been 
exercising the minds of those at 
the Association of Investment 
Trust Companies for some 

Investment trusts have diffi- 
culties promoting themselves. 
Whereas unit trusts can and' do 
advertise themselves with great 
frequency, investment trusts are 
1 barred from advertising them- 
selves under the Companies Act 
rules on share pushing. The 
AITC therefore does what 
advertising is allowed on an 
industry-wide basis. 

Representing some 170 
members out of a possible 200 
investment trusts, the AITC last 
year spent £500,000 putting the 
investment trust message across 
to private investors. But the 
budget compared to unit trusts 
spending was peanuts. 

This year not even that much 
will be spent. The promotion 
effort will go more into holding 
seminars around the country 
and appointing a new public 
relations officer. 

Part of the reason for the 
cutback is the difficulty of 
identifying the response to 
general industry-wide advertis- 
ing. The AITC is also waiting 
for the Independent Broadcast- 
ing Authority to come up with 
new guidelines on television 

Shopping for investments: Customers get advice at the Qn [Iter Goodison money shop m Oxford Street*. London 

Globe goes into the market 
once a month and buys its own 
shares on a collective basis for 
s mall shareholders. The corn- 

shareholders in the 10 Fleming genre . in February 1984. It The fund created invests in 

advertising, and then may have mission on a big ha r^ain less, 

n m^ol' a* tkn« 1 _ . ? *• 






Year to 31 October, 1985 


Extracts from statement by the chairman, Mr Angus Grossart, LL.D. 

“We are particularly encouraged that a number of major policy decisions which 
we have taken in recent years are now proving to be correct and we expect the 
benefits of these decisions to begin to flow". 

“We have achieved a total increase of 26-% in stockholders’ dividend income 
over the last two years. We believe that our future income prospects justify that level 
of distribution and we are strongly committed to a disciplined policy of improvement 
of our earnings performance". 


“Our dear goal is to achieve and maintain a high level of total return over the 
years through a carefully chosen portfolio of growth equities. We bring to bear on 
that task a willingness to think radically in developing new sources and methods of 
profitable investment. This is reflected in our growing skills in unlisted stocks. We 
are also prepared to move decisively and on a large scale in the appropriate 


For a copy of the annual report, mail the coupon below 
(no stamp required in the UK) or telephone 031-225 7781. 

a crack at that medium. 

Another problem with adver- 
tising is that the bigger trusts, 
who naturally contribute more 

so when the commission is split 
between all the parties it 
becomes less costly for the small 
shareholder than dealing on his 

TH 2 S 15 produced a single and regular Ivory & Sime trusts.' Because of 

Non-shareholders can save a pereonal pension plan for the the link with a frigidly society 
minimum of £25 a month for self-employed and those m one third of the jnyestment is . 
investment in Fleming Trusts non-pensionable employment, tax free. The- miilnnnni THe Ji 
or contribute a lump sum of a Scottish Equitable Life and assurance - is £2£jSQ^vbut for. 

minimum of £250 whenever Commercial Union soon 

of the AITCs money, are more own account Foreign and 
able to promote themselves Colonial introduced a similar 

without the aid of the associ- 
ation. Some of these doubt 

scheme in October, 1984. 
Fleming Investment Trusts, 

they wish. 

Further schemes to woo the 
small shareholder include link- 
ups between investment trusts 

lowed suit amc 

Edinburgh-based Ivory & £60 
Sime came up with its' Prize age. 

soon fol those over 56 years of age tije 
amount insured’ is reduced bv 
Ivory & £60 for every additional year of 


whether the association gives part of Robert Fleming, intro- 
ihem real value for money, but duced its savings scheme last 
most are still likely to continue May. It gives three options, two 

and insurance companies selling wth tte Ttmbndgq small shareholder -info invesi- 

pension and life insurance Wells Equit able Fn e ^y_ So- me ni mists is not.befiig won on. 

plans. The Saints Personal ciety. Premiums of £-6.50 a a huge scale, but the.' Modus 

Pension Plan from Scottish month or a single payment of seems Jo have 

American Investment and Sun £-*400 buy a 10-year endow- 

Alliance was the first of the raen * assurance plan. ~ . AT. 

The battle to :-win fadek the 

to support iL 

i The AITC also promotes 

investment trusts behind the one of the biggest sectors of . the 
scenes. It sends an infrequent investment trust industry last year was 
newsletter to about 40,000 warrants. There are now over 40 warrants 
inquirers. It also sends literature in issue, twice as many as there were two 
** ““ ^ps nm by years age. If they were all excercised £250 

Q inner Goodison, the stock- million new shares would have to be 
broker. issued. 

Warrants are particularly popular with 

Growing sophistication private investors who virtually have the 
Of snerifir crhpmp« fieH *° themselves as few warrants are 
QI speeme senemes available in large enough quantities to 

attract institutions. The recent increase in 
Jo Stockwell of Quitter- their number also reflects on the specialist 
Goodison confirmed that the nature of many of last year’s new trusts, as 
share shop - one has opened at warrants tend to be used to make unusual 
De be iiham’s in Oxford Street - new issues more attractive, 
has pulled in a variety of new Part of the success of Strata, a trust 
investment clients from a range launched last year with the aim of 
of socio-economic backgrounds, investing at home and overseas in 
Quitter promotes the trusts on secondary markets such as the Unlisted 
the basis that they give a spread Securities Market can be explained by the 
of risks and value for money existence of warrants. They have coutrib- 
through the inevitable discount nted to the good performance of the shares 
lo assets. Of the four edu- since the trust started, 
rational videos Quitter shows Other specialist trusts to have offered 
its shoppers, the one provided warrants last year include German Smaller 
by the AITC has proved most Companies, Pacific Assets and China & 
popular. Eastern Investment Co, a unique vehicle 

Th* Airr irH>nc nHc nn for investing in China. 

of which are available to non- 

Growing sophistication 
of specific schemes 

Jo Stockwell of Quitter 
Goodison confirmed that the 

has pulled in a variety of new 
investment clients from a range 
of socio-economic backgrounds. 
Quitter promotes the trusts on 
the basis that they give a spread 
of risks and value for money 
through the inevitable discount 
to assets. Of the four edu- 
cational videos Quitter shows 
its shoppers, the one provided 
by the AITC has proved most 

To: The secretary, The Scottish Investment Trust PLC, FREEPOST, 
Edinburgh EH2 0DH. 

Please send me a copy of the 1985 annual report 



The AITC keeps tabs on 
stockbrokers who sell invest- 
ment trusts to the public. It 
polls brokers to find out how 
interested they are in trusts and 
puts them on the AITC mailing 
list. Shareholders who receive 
the list of stockbrokers, who 
deal in investment trusts, are 
asked by the association to 
evaluate the services they have 

. The small shareholder is 
being wooed back into invest- 
ment trusts not just by an 
information campaign, but also 
by specific schemes designed to 
attract those without large ■nmn 
to spend. 

Schemes for automatically 
reinvesting the shareholder’s 
dividends are not new. The 
Alliance Trust and the Second 
.Alliance Trust both launched 
such schemes in September, 
1969. The London Trust fol- 
lowed in June. 1970. 

In recent years there has been 
growing sophistication of such 
schemes. Globe Investment 
Trust introduced a Savings and 
Share Purchase service in 
November, 1984. It reinvests 
not only the dividends from the 
investment trust, but collects 
the dividends paid by other 
companies to the trust share- 
holder and reinvests them in 
trust shares. The trust share- 
holder signs a dividend man- 
date form signing over his 
dividends to Globe. 

A warrant to 
make money 

London Trust issued w a rra n ts when 
Hambrecht & Quist Venture Partners, an 
American group, took over hs manage- 
ment. Unusually these warrants conferred 
the right to buy three shares at different 
prices and dates rather than just one share. 
The warrants were presumably designed to 
sweeten the offer to shareholders, but they 
have not stopped the share price from 
falling in recent months. 

The major feature of a warrant is that 
movements in its ■price are more pro- 
nounced than in the underlying shares. For 
example, the" price of a' .warrant in 
Hambros Investment Trust has risen by 21 
per cent in the past 12 months while the 
share price has increased by only 4 per 
cent. Warrants are therefore said to be 
highly geared investments. 

Warrants are effectively an option to 
buy shares at a specified price at a future 

- date. Continuing with the- sawj aia^ 
the purchase of one warrant' iuH am bras 
Investment Trust-gives the owner the right! 
to buy one share in Hambros at,* set price 
of 177p on July 31 in any one# fee years 
from 1986 to 1994 inclusive. \v - v*. . 

If Hambnfs shares are still below l77p 
at that time the warrant wpuld be 
completely worthless- Bnt if tbe shares Me 
well above this level by then the wanaht 
will have proved a good: investafeut, 
effectively enabling -the holder 7 to - buy 
shares at a discount ' 

Currently Hambros Investment Trust 
shares are I67p so it looks as IT the 
warrants could be worth s omething itfthp 
specified dates. Reflecting this they; rest 
34p in the market Warrants are freely 
traded and many have prices listed' in -fee 
Financial Times. " 

Investors - in trusts' with warrants 
outstanding should be aware that when 
warrants are exercised their own share- 
holding - win he diluted. As the- asset 
backing wfli normally be similarly affected 
the share price is likely to suffer in fee 
short term. 


How can the private investor 
prosper alongside 
the big institutions? 

Morgan Grenfell, one of the City’s leading merchant banks, manages two well established investment 
trusts with worldwide interests in a number of leading industrial and service economies. 

Anglo American has an international portfolio of investments primarily in the United Kingdom, 

North America and the Far East 

North Atlantic invests exclusively overseas with a particular emphasis on the United States and Japan. 
Share our international experience. 

Write for our annual reports to Peggy Fenhaligan, 

23 Great Winchester Meet, London EC2P2AX or telephone 01-588 4545. 

- any tee s** investment trusts 
Inana £ e ® by Kleinwjrt Benson and you immediately- . 
en ^^ e ® tee big time alongside the institutions. 

For many years the big insurance companies 

and pension funds have invested their millions in fife ~ 

investment trusts we manage. 

• welcome the important advantages©^. -V. 

investment .trusts over unit trusts -lower management 
opportunity to buy investments at a . .. 
ojscoimL'nieF also, enjoy access to the considerably .. 
international resources of Hemwort Benson. ' 

teeyear to Novem ber 30, 1985 TheFam3y 
mvestment Trust, specialising in smaller UKi»m-. \ 

tenns °f total return on net 
assete. Or take The English and New ’fork Trusty 

SSS '?****• “P 19^ compared to tlWMife: 
investment trust up 12.9% 

^ thantt,eJnwst '. 
s J5 p ^ sin S that the ‘Investors V : 
Sh0Uld °^ serve on December 6, 1985tfc&' : 

peritanaance of the Heinwort -managed trusts V 

^^in^residveowtiiepast^^^: ^ 

or infonnafion telephone ;> ^ 

Benson Limited*. •: 

SSSS ntaK3P! “ 

on behalf 






( FOCUS ) 

investment TRUSTS/3 


Why a new style means more takeovers in 1986 

Moger mania infected invest, 
mem trusts just as much as the 
rest of the stock market in 1985. 
The sector saw takeover bids 
worth £1 billion in total, which 
compares with its overall value 
of less than £1 1,000 million. 

This year is expected to be 
another busy one. "What we 
have seen so far is just the 
start”, says John Ross, of de 
Zoete & Sevan, the stock*, 

The level of takeover activity 
reflects two separate investment 

First, there is the decline of 
the private investor and his 
replacement - by professional 
fund managers who are subject 
to quarterly or even more 
frequent assessment. They 
Cannot tolerate poor perform- 
ance. which means many of the 
laggards of the investment-trust 
sector have disappeared. 

The individ uals who spent 
more time on the golf course 
than behind their desks have 
gone and their management 
groups have mostly been taken 

The rise of the institutional 
investor is a feature of the 
whole stock market but it has a 
special importance for invest- 
ment trusts. The manager of a 
pension fond, for example, can 
no longer afford to pay someone 
else to do what he can do 
himself. Increasingly he, or she, 
wants investment trusts to 
specialize in areas which are not 
already represented in his 

This change of emphasis has 
affected even the largest trust of 
them afl. Globe, which as a 
result has increased its interests 
'in unlisted companies and in 
management buyouts. 

Increasingly dominated 
by one group 

The second reason for the 
current surge in activity, how- 
ever. has more to do with the 
Big Bang than with these long- 
term trends. There is growing 
competition for funds under 
management and this lies 
behind many of last year’s bids. 

For example, the acquisition 
of Investors' Capital Trust, 
known as Ice Caps, by British 
.Assets Trust, gave Ivory & 
Sime. one of the growing fund 
management groups, a boost. It 
also provided an ingenious 
solution to a difficult problem. 

The difficulty was that British 
Assets was becoming increas- 
ingly dominated by one hold- 
ing, GBC Capital, a Canadian 
company which accounted for 
£50 million of the mist's £250 
million portfolio. 

By using loan stock convert- 
ible into GBC shares as part of 

mania in 
a lively 

its consideration for Ice Caps, 
British Assets was able to dilute 
its holding substantially. 

Some of last year’s bids were 
complicated. Scottish Northern 
Investment Trust's announce- 
ment that it planned to switch 
its management from a firm of 
Aberdeen solicitors to Stanc- 
castle Assets was the trigger for 
a bid from Throgmorton Trust. 

This was soon followed by 
proposals to use the trust under 
tbq, management of Murray 
Johnstone, which is what 

In both these bids indepen- 
dent fund managers lost busi- 
ness to the big players and this 
trend looks likely to continue. 
Laing & Cruickshank, the 
brokers, also believes merchant 
banks run the risk of losing the 
management of trusts to 
specialist gfoups. 

It says other trusts will follow 
British American and General, 
known as BAGS, which used to 
be run by Klein wort Benson 
before it was taken over by 
Shires, a smaller trust managed 
by Stanecastle Assets. 

As it turns out, this bid has 
not been a great success for 
those investors in BAGS who 
look shares in Shires. 

London Trust was another 
disappointment of 1985. Its 
management was taken over by 
Hambrecht & Quisi Venture 
Partners, a US venture capital 
group. Since the deal was done 
the shares have slipped tack as 
investors have realized that the 
benefits of a shift of emphasis to 
unlisted companies take time. 

At Laing & Cruickshank John 
Szymanowski says the deal was 
widely misunderstood. He 
points out that foe trust has 
already invested more than $16 

million f£I 1.4 million) in six 
different situations. 

Last year’s bunch of take- 
overs has also given rise to 
some concern in so for as some 
of the trusts which have been 
bid for have not disappeared. 
Murray Growth, for example, 
has reappeared as Ensign and 
Scottish Northern and Ice Caps 
are both still quoted. As a result 
the number of trusts has not 

These problems, however, are 
unlikely to calm takeover fever. 
Even without the spur bf the Big 
Bang there is the continuing 
attraction of buying assets at a 
discount. Last year saw 
disguised rights issue from 
-Industrial Finance and Invest- 
ment Corporation, a company 
quoted on the unlisted securi- 
ties market, for East of Scotland 
Onshore and there could be 
others this year. 

In addition, the large pension 
funds re-emerged as a potent 
force on the takeover scene. 

During the summer foe 
Merchant Navy Officers' Pen- 
sion Fund acquired Murray 
Growth and this was followed 
later in the year with a bid from 
the National Coal Board's 
pension funds for Drayton 
Premier Trust, Interestingly, 
neither was able to buy ax a 
significant discount to net asset 

David Cardale, of County 
Bank, which advised on several 
of last year’s deals, believes that 
if there is to be a significant 
further increase in takeover 
activity trust shareholders win 
have to accept discounts of 7 
percent or more in future. 

Another factor this year could 
be the US. presence. Investment 

Bid targets are 
difficult to spot 

interest from the other side of| 
the Atlantic has been growing 
for several years bat after 
Hambrecht & Quist's inter- 
vention at London Trust further 
takeovers could be on foe way. 

Ivan Boesky, the American 
arbitrageur, already runs Cam- 
brian & General, and W illiam 
K. Woodruff, a Dallas-based 
investment tanking; and brok- 
ing business, acquired 22 per 
cent of British Empire Securi- 
ties by underwriting a rights 
issue last ApriL 

Spotting bid targets is diffi- 
cult. Trusts are vulnerable if 
assets growth is slow and if they 
are managed by small groups. 
But it does not follow that good 
performance and size are 
reliable defences. Murray 
Growth was an example of a 
successful trust which neverthe- 
less was taken over. Cl) 

Battle to be top 
of the stocks . 

The investment-trust sector is 
being body fought over before 
foe Big Bang. Stockbroker* we 
competing for market share in 
the foil knowledge that some of 
them will be farced to withdraw 

There are more than a dozen 
teams of analysts and sales- 
people special pang in the sector, 
yet it accounts four only 5 £ per 
emit of foe market by aqritaluca- 

. la terms of foe number of 
bargains it is even smaller, 
accounting for less than 4 per 
cent of turnover. This reflects 
the fact that many of the 
institutional holdings in the 
sector are randy dealt in. 

Hamlsh Buchan of Wood 
Mackenzie believes foe best 
safeguard for the future is a 
strong research. team. If this is 
true, Wood Mackenzie should 
continue to do well even in a 
more bracing dimate as the 
team has held the top spot in the 
Extel (formerly Continental 
Illinois) surrey of fond man- 
agers’ opinion on brokers’ 
research almost every year. 

As well as a large number of 
circulars, the firm produces an 
annual study of the sector each 
May or June and a 100-page 
review of the pr e v i ous year m 

The team has an unusual 
organization, being split 
between offices in Edinbexgk 
and Loudon. Six people in 
Scotland produce the research 
and statistics, while the Loudon- 
based team of five look after the 
marketing «wl rfpaKng func- 

Wood Mackenzie has taken 
little part in the takeover field, 
an area where Laing A Cntick- 
shank is pre-eminent The hitter 
firm was involved in most of last 
year's corporate acti vi ty includ- 
ing the hunch of the German 
Smaller Companies trust and 
the transformation of London 
Trust It has also encouraged 
US investment interests in the 

In addition, it holds the 
number two spot in the Extel 
survey on research, and its 
extensive output includes a 
yearbook on the sector. There is 
a strong team led by Garth 
MHue which includes two 
researchers, five salespeople 
and a dealer, but demarcation 
lines are not absolute. 

De Zoete A Sevan has a 
strong presence in the research 
and corporate fields, but its 
main daim to fame in the 
investment-trust sector is its 
position in the marketplace. It 
probably has foe largest share 

of the total commissi on pool, 
thought to be worth £12 motion 
or mare annually. The firm, 
which has a team of nine, is 
reputed to carry out 20 per cent 
of the business m the sector. 

James Capef, .which holds 
third place in the Extel survey, 
has concentrated on research in 
the last 18 months, but it too 
has ambitions in foe corp orate 
field. Ray KeOy points out that 
this work is very time-consum- 
ing and can be frustrating when 
deals foil to come to fruition. 
But he expects activity in 1986 
to continue at the high level seen 

Most of the other players, 
such as L. MesseL Phillips & 
Drew. Grieveson Grant, W. 
Greenweli and Kitcat Aitken, 
are aH-rouuders. Pro Bache, 
however, has become increas- 
ingly active In the corporate 
scene in recent mouths, and 
Hdare Govett specializes In one- 
off pieces of research. 

For example, in Jmu the firm 
gave a presentation in New 
York on the Throgmorton and 
Whan trusts. Hour Govett*s 
Mark Jeffries estimates that 
the team accounts for 7 per cent 
of dealings in the sector. 

Quitter Goodison is a recent 
entrant to the field, having set 
up the desk, now four-strong, 
only three years ago. While it 
has a lower profile than foe 

High-fliers: (left to right) Mark Jeffries, Hoare Govett, Hamish Buchan, 
Wood Mackenzie and Ray Kelly, James Cape! 

New business sought 
in corporate field 

older-estabfisbcd teams, its aim 
is to compete by providing 
compreheasire research cover- 
age for institutional clients- The 
firm’s strong private cheat base 
is also sn i m portant factor in its 
deration to expand in the area. 

Few broken admit Oat the 
sector is overcrowded, although 
some go so for as to ray foot 
they spend a let of time 
duplicating each other’s re- 
search. With many more bids 
expected this year, they are 
tending to look to the corporate 
fidd for new business. 

Wood Mackenzie, . Janies 
Capel and Hoare Govett are all 
keeping an eye on foe takeover 
possibilities, so it may be tint 
tills work is more widely spread 
in 1986 than it has been to date: 

Other changes will undoubt- 
edly occur in 1986, but the 
current leaden. Wood Mackes- 
zie, Laing A Cruickshank and 
de Zoete A Sevan, in research, 
corp o rate activity and foe 
marketplace respectively, are 


BaiDie Gifford & Co-Investment Trust Managers 

’Rafllir njflrMr l Ar Ca is an old r-ctaUtshfri Frimhnrgh firm whose only SClb/ily IS 
mve gt n Knt rrrana g B iMff cmploy mocc foan 20 investment professionals covering 


infrirrmtinn about our other services, please compete and return the coupon belcrac 

Total Assets 
at 3 1st December 1985 


Scottish Mortgage Sc Hmst 

Balanced growth of income and capital 

Monks Investment Dust 

Capital growth - International - 



Mid Wynd International Investment Trust 

BailHe Gifibrd. Japan Tiost 

Capital growth - Medium sized and small Japanese companies 

BailHe GififcKx! Technology 


Baifiie Gifibrd Sim Nippon 

Capital growth -Small Japanese companies including Q.T.G Stocks 
Funds under man ag e me n t p£CCd £1 hilltn n 

Jtlier services: 

BG Unit Trusts 
Group Pension Bonds 

Personal Pensions 

BailHe Gifibrd & Co. 

3 Gknfinlas Street; Edinburgh EH3 6YY 
TfeLephone 031 225 2581 

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Pni TtiilTif fiiflinl ft fn _ 1 fil nfi n l iii ?rrrrr, Edlabu q ft T TH ITVyI 
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{ Scottish Mortgage &rlhst O Haffic Cdfionl Shin Nifyioii □ 

r Mah h aen athu □ 

. W fa t nboua m foggy That O BG Unit Than □ 

J MJV^ndbunatiDnal 

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Pounded 1908- 


at work 

Britain’s top performing Japanese 
Investment Trust — Drayton Japan. 
MIM also manage Drayton 
Consolidated, English and International 
Trust, City and Foreign, Consolidated 
Venture, Drayton Far Eastern, City and 
Commercial, Fundinvest, Dualvest and 

Alexander Reid or Malcolm Callaghan 
can tell you more. 

Call 01-626 3434 or send us this coupon 


11 Devonshire Square, London EC2M 4YR 
Telephone: 01-626 3434 Telex: 886108 MIM 

11 Devonshire Square, 
London EC2M4YR 
Telephone: 01-626 3434 
Telex: 886108 MIM 




Investment Trusts 


Balanced View 


Robert Fleming 

Whether you're investing for high and increasing 
income or long-term capital growth, wide r-hnire j$ just as 
important as professional expertise. 

At Flem ings, we have more than 100 years of hard- 
won experience to back up oar constant search for good 
investments. Among the funds which vk manag e (currently 
tot allin g over £12.0 billion worldwide) are the ten listed 
investment trusts shown opposite. 

Together they provide a complementary rang: of 
investment opportunities to meet foe requirements bf the 
most discerning of investors. Not only that, but we go out of 
our way to make investment even easier Our Dividend 

and other investors with a simple and economic method of 
acquiring shares in the trusts they already own or in any 
other Fleming trust 

If you are interested in finding out more about 
Fle mings and the balanced group of investment trusts we 
manage - complete and return the coupon today Vfe shall 
be pleased to send you the latest annual re por t s and other 
information on any of our trusts and details of our new 
Dividend Reinvestment and Savings Scheme. 

Total Assets 

The Fleming American Investment Trust pic £U8m 

Invests in North America - 

The Fleming Ciaverhouse Investment Trust pic £37m 

Invests wholly in the UK 

The Fleming Enterprise Investment Thist pk £35m 
Invests in small to medium-size companies, 
fisted and unfored. in the UK 

The Fleming Far Easton Investment Trust nlc £167m 
Invests in the Far East, including Australia 
The Flemin g Fledgeling Investment Trust pfc £l8m 
Invests internal tonally in small companies 

The Fleming Japanese In v es t m ent Thist pic £87m 

Invests in Japan 

Tire Fleming Mercantile Investment Trust pic £250m 

Invests with emphasis on a wide geog raphic] 

The Fle min g Overseas Investment Thist pic £196m 

Invests mainly in overseas markets 

The Fleming Tbchnology Investment Thist nlc £ 69 m 

Invests worldwide in technology in its many for me 

TlteHemmgUmversallnvestmemThistpk £ 85 m 

kwests internationally including the UK, with emphasis 

| To: Robert Fleming Services limited, 2nd Flooq j 

P&OBnHdiDg,122TeBdpnhall Street. London EC3V4QR. 1 
j I would life further details on (please tick box): j 

I D American Trust D Japanese Trust . 

□ Oaverhouse Trust □ Mercantile Trust I 

i O Enterprise Ttust □ Overseas Trust 8 

□ Ear Eastern Trust □ Technology Trust | 

O Fledgeling Thust O Universal Thist 

j O Dividend Reinvestment and Savings S*^**"* | 

Name • 






'I 1*5* 6$ 555^1* j/kTS-'t H :|li3ti«i 





Advertising holds the 
key to success 

Investment trusts find them- 
selves in an unenviable position 
in relation to their unit trust 

counterparts this year. For the 
first time there is now more 

money under management, 
within the unit trust industry 
than in the investment trust 
sector as a whole. 

Unit trust estimates put total 
funds under manag ement at 
about £20 billion, with invest- 
ment trust figures at the end of 
last year lagging behind at 
around £17 billion. Moreover, 
of that figure only between a 
quarter and a third of the fimds 
are held by private investors. 

What have unit trusts got that 
investment trusts lack? The 
answer is precious little apart 
from the very important facility 
enjoyed by the unit trust 
industry of being able to 
advertise its wares directly to 
the public. 

Investment trusts can actu- 
ally do so much more with your 
money than the tightly regu- 
lated unit trust industry cart 
The principal investment flexi- 
bilities enjoyed by the invest- 
ment trust sector, but not by its 
unit trust brethren, are: 

ments) Act, which, broadly 
speaking, prevents a public 
company from directly promot- 
ing its own shares to the public 
through advertisements. 

Quite how far the investment 
trusts - and their management 
companies - can go, is by no 
means clearly defined It seems 
there is no objection to 
investment trusts constructing 
an advertisement around fac- 
tual information on their 

What they cannot do, how- 
ever. is directly urge you to buy' 
their shares. 

• Investment trusts can bor- 
row money and therefore 
maximize their profits in a 
rising market. In other words, 
they can gear. 

• Investment trusts have far 
greater scope to hold both 
unlisted and unquoted securi- 
ties than unit trusts. A trust can 
invest only 25 per cent of its 
money in unlisted securities 
and is subject to a 5 per cent 
ceiling for unquoted invest- 
ments. There are no general 
restrictions of this nature for 
investment trusts. 

• Investment trusts have far 
greater scope to use the foreign 
exchange markets either to 
hedge or to extend their 
currency exposure. On the 
currency side, for example, unit 
trusts are confined to back-to- 
back loans for hedging oper- 

Management companies are 
freer as to what they can or 
cannot do, unless they are 
quoted companies themselves. 
Private management 'Com- 
panies. and private investment 
management subsidiaries of 
quoted vehicles, have broader 
scope, but only on a general 
level - they are freer to use 
illustrations, for example. 

They cannot say. “Buy the 
shares.” But “We are very 
good" is allowed. 

The problems for investment 
trusts that want to market the 
far greater flexibility they enjoy 

Investors have to 
buy shares through 
a stockbroker 

very well but even those that are 
sufficiently interested as a result 
- if they go through an 
intermediary - will often be 
deflected from going into 
investment trusts." 

Stockbrokers do not emerge 
unscathed from the pattern of 
pushing investors where the 
commission is. Mr Rath says: 
“The typical investment trust 
investor will be a fairly passive 
one. likely to remain with the 
particular trust on a long-term 
basis. The broker knows that 
the money is going to be tied 
up. generating no commission, 
and may well recommend unit 
trusts instead.” 

Another variation on this 
theme of commission-hunting - 
not directly concerning unit 
trusts - is explained by Neil 
Young, of Kieinwort Benson 
Investment Management Ltd. 

Of the huge growth in 
specialist unit trusts he says: “A 
stockbroker knows if he puts his 
client in, say. a Japanese unit 
trust, that when Japan goes 
down he can switch him into 
perhaps a North American unit 
trust, and so on. The main 
benefit of specialization is the 
ability to selL" 

The financial realities are as 
follows. A financial intermedi- 

6 We offer greater flexibility of 
investment and have bigger scope in 
foreign exchange markets - the problem is 
letting the public know? 

of advertising, levy on average 
0.4 per cent. 

Both unit trusts and invest- 
ment trust management groups 
are in the business of managing 
vast bulks of money. In fact the 
greater flexibility of investment 
trusts often means more man- 
agement as such is necessary. 
Charges are still below those for 
unit trusts - and the unit 
holder, it should be remem- 
bered, is the one who pays. 

The investment trust indus- 
try itself is, however, partly to 

ary recommending investment 
ihalf of a 

Investment trusts are subject 
to no such constraints. They can 
hedge, or simply take a view 
and follow in the market with 
comparative freedom. 

However, investment trusts 
are severely restrained in the 
type of advertising in which 
they can engage. As public 
companies they are subject to 
the provisions of the 1958 
Prevention of Fraud (Invest- 

over unit trusts do not stop 

There are two further disad- 
vantages from which they 

Investors cannot purchase 
shares directly from the invest- 
ment trust companies - they 
have to go via a stockbroker, 
either directly or through a 
bank. And financial intermedi- 
aries, huge generators of rev- 
enue for the savings industry, 
do not get commission for 
putting their clients into invest- 
ment trusts. 

The result of both these 
factors is that, with no financial 
incentive to recommend invest- 
ment trysts, intermediaries are 
more likely to put the investor 
into unit trust, insurance and 
other commission-paying prod- 
ucts, rather than recommend 
investment trusts. 

James Rath, of the Associ- 
ation of Investment Trust 
Companies (AITC), says: "Ad- 
vertising investment trusts is all 

trusts on behalf of a client gets 
nothing. If he or she is pushing 
unit trusts instead, then the 
intermediary, if registered with 
the Unit Trust Association, 
earns 3 per cent commission. 

So while £10,000 worth of 
recommended investment 
trusts produces no reward for 
the intermediary, he gets a tidy 
£300 commission if he steers 
the client towards unit trusts. 

Stockbrokers qualify for the 3 
per cent commission on unit 
trust purchases if they have a 
unit trust advisory service. Not 
surprisingly, almost all of them 

Three per cent is substan- 
tially higher than the 1.65 per 
cent earned on bargains up to 
£7.000 and 0.55 per cent on the 
next £8,000 - the rates payable 
on ordinary shares and, there- 
fore, investment trust purchas- 

Information to the 
public 1ms not 
always been constant 

until about three years ago, 
making it a labour of love for 
private investors to find out 
which were the best and worst 

Full investment trust stat- 
istics still appear only once a 
month, in the national news- 
papers, compared with die daily 
coverage that unit trust stat- 
istics have. 

Nor are they included in any 
of the numerous personal 
finance magazines that have 
sprung up in the past few years. 
Some of these magazines, 
however, are aimed more at the 
financial intermediary, so in- 
clusion of the statistics might be 
a waste of time. 

The AITC is investigating the 

The heavy advertising in 
which the unit trust industry 
engages is reflected in its annual 
management charges. Unit 
trusts typically levy 0.75 or 1 
per cent. Investment trusts, 
severely restrained as in terms 

blame for the way in which unit 
trusts have positioned them- 
selves as foremost in the minds 
of private investors looking for 
a suitable collective investment 

Only comparatively recently 
has the industry woken up to 
the value of producing attract- 
ive, informative and compre- 
hensible annual reports. Ensur- 
ing that the names of the 
investment trusts actually gave 
an indication of the investment 
direction is another relatively 
recent introduction. 

Information flow to the 
public on investment trusts has 
also not always been as 
constant or as dearly thought 
out or presented, as it should 

Performance statistics on the 
“return to shareholder” basis, 
i.c. showing how much in 
money terms the investor had 
made or lost are fairly new 
(January 1978). 

There was no ranking of 
trusts or management groups 

]>ossibillty of getting coverage 
: or investi 

investment statistics in the 
magazine field. It will have to 
pay for the inclusion, however - 
whereas the amount of advertis- 
ing in the magazine taken out 
by the unit trust groups is 
usually considered high enough 
to justify publishing their 
statistics free. 

It has produced a very 
readable and highly informative 
year book called. How To Make 
It. which is aimed specifically at 
the private investor. Even this 
has been in existence only since 

Other useful publications 
include a free Private Investors' 
Stockbroker List giving details 
of stockbrokers around the 
country who are prepared to 
advise and act for private 
investors who want to deal in 
investment trusts. 

Both publications are avail- 
able from the AITC. Park 
House. (6th FloorX 16 Finsbury 
Circus, London EC2M 7JJ (01- 
588 5347). 

Lawrence Lever 

New champion in the 
battle for savings . 

Tim Abell, the new chairman of 
the Assodation of Investment 
Trust Companies, takes over 
the helm at a time which is not 
likely to allow him an easy ride. 
The assodation is not without 
its critics from within the 

Moreover, its past practice of 
deciding mattes of policy by 
unanimity has been superseded 

by majority decision-taking, as 
the sector as a whole has woken 
up - to the problem of the 
dwindling private investor. It 
finds that not everyone agrees 
on the best method to persuade 
him or her back- • 

The AITC is a trade associ- 
ation comprising 170 members. 
They are the investment trust 
companies - the " publicly- 
quoted vehicles, not the groups 
or companies that manage the 
underlying fimds (the manage- 
ment companies). As- a trade 
association, it has no regulatory 
power over its members. 

Mr Abell moved to bis new 
position last month from 
deputy chairman. He is 55 years 
old and a director of Baring 
Brothers. He is keen .to ensure 
that the investment trust, sector 
does not get left behind in the 
increasingly fervent battle for 
investors’ savings. 

He considers that the AITCs 
“central priority” must lie “to 
promote the wider appreciation 
of the benefits of investment 
trusts for private investors”. 
One way be intends to achieve 
this is to concentrate on key 
aspects of investment trusts 
which, by contrast with other 
practices of the savings indus- 
try. show investment trusts in a 
more favourable light. 

“One area that we will focus 
on is. the management costs of 
unit trusts as compared with 
investment trusts. This will 
include not only comparing 
annual management charges but 
also highlighting the costs of 
switching from one unit trust to 
another”, he says. 

But one way the AITC will 
not be trying to captivate the 
private investor is through, 
advertising. Last year it went 
for a heavy advertising cam- 
paign. in its terms, promoting 
the general benefits of invest- 
ment trusts generally - not 
particular companies - in' 
contrast to the current year 
where there will be very little 
broad sector advertising. 

The sudden change in policy 
reflects some dissension within 
the AITC 'as to what stance 
should be taken. The member 

companies’ contributions to 
running costs (including, the 
advertising budget) are pan! for 
pro-rata, according to their 
assets. The larger members did 
not. tike the feet that they were 
subsidizing smaller sized 
members, who 'stood .to derive 
equal benefit from a generalized 

cam paign. 

And with the huge resources 
at their disposal' the larger 
members were obviously going 
to be better off going it alone 
and promoting themselves - or 
their management companies. 

Mr Abell makes no secret of 
the disagreements within the 
AITC. “Some of the big groups 
said that the advertising bill was 
too large and they would, prefer 
to do- their own advertising,” he 

Tim Abdk Promoting die- 
industry's key aspects 

Another objection, and one 
which hints at a problem for the 
investment trust industry; was 
the feet that the advertising 
campaign, comparing as it did 
investment and unit trusts, did 
not endear 'itself to.. : some 
management groups which run 
both types of trust 

A great difficulty for the 
investment trust industry arises 
from the feet that so many of 
the management groups, in one 
way or another. . have their 
fingers in _ both unit 'and 
investment trusts at the . same 
time. But if investment trusts 
want to reclaim the private 
investor then surely they must 
view the unit trust industry as a 
serious, posably - their main, 
rival in the battle. ' . . 

Investment trusts and unit 
trusts might be* vastly different : 
in certain respects, but they 

both have the same fondam^* 
tai appearance ‘ as. collective 
investment vehicles, investing 
in thb shares of companiest'®# 
enjoying favourable tax "treat- 
ment on lheif activities. 

They both operate- so &r'»- 
the private investor is' .coif.' 
cental - on the basis of tho* 
being security and financial 
reward in pooling andspreading 
resources, under the orotiS 
control of professionals. 

The simultaneous unit- and 
investment trust interests of fo 
managers of investment trusts is 
inevitably reflected >' in the 
composition of the AITCs 
.officers. Both the chairman nad 
one of the two deputy chair- 
men. have considerable interest 
in seeing both unit and invest- 
ment trusts flourishing, v v-\ . 

Mr Abell, fig instance.: is a 
director of Baring Brothers, “bn - 
the investment side”,, he says. ■ 
One of bis directorships, is -of- 
Baring Fund Managers - a 
company which is seeking -wider 
recognition for its . role, as 
managers of unit trusts. 

The AITC and the Unit Trust 
Association (UTA) operate 
from -more or less: the 
same premises, with the UTA 
occupying its rooms under a 
legal arrangement, with - the 

Aire .- / 

Mr Abell's view is that unit 
trusts and investment trusts are 
not an “either/or” case. 

The ATTC has a hard task 
ahead if it is going to achieve 
this kind of torn! separation - if 
indeed it . is. possible: Many 
people within both industries 
believe there will always be a 
sizeable area of overlap between 
unit ..and investment trusts in. 
terms of the way is which they 
meet particular requirements of 
private investors. V . 

The AITC is, however, 
broadening the debate on the 
attractions of investment trusts 
fbr the individual “We want to , 
make sure feat- we get our fair 
share, of the savings market”, 
Mr Abell says. “We are 
negotiating with government all 
the time;” - . 

But wherever you look in the 
broader savings field, unit trusts 
are Usually already somewhere 
to found. The insurance 
industries have been successful 
in wrapping their products 
around unit trusts or the 
concept' of unitized funds. 
Perhaps it is time for the AITC 
to - become - a, little, more 
aggressive if it is to secure its 
feir-sbate. ■’ • 



1 £301,515,000 

Globe Investment Trust. 

We know being 
biggest isn’t enough. 

Globe is Britain's largest investment trust. Size, 
though hasn’t dulled our performance. 

Shareholders funds have more than doubled 
since 1981. Dividends have increased every year 
for the last 20 yeans and beaten die Retail Price 
Index by 50%. 'What’s more. Globe is the best 
performing of the larger investment trusts in 
die last twelve months. 

Size and strength have been major factors in this 
success, allowing us to build a range of large 
investments and adopt adventurous investment 
policies. Wfeve backed good companies both in Great 
Britain and overseas: at present two thirds of our 
money is here. Not only are we backing the larger 
successful companies but increasingly management 
buvouts, unquoted smaller companies and selected 
property developments. 

Globe lias more to offer than just size. Post the 
coupon and we'll tell you more. 

rpr i 



Ta. The Secretaries. Inresmreni Hus RLC Frcepus, I louse. 

Temple Rare. London WC2R SBR. Tttephonc 01-836 7766 

Please send me (tide box ss appropriate) 

A copy *jf wur Haif^ear Report □ 

Details ufjuurSiarchuklens Saving! and Sxtnr Rtfduse Scheme O 

Details offt-isbU Group unit mist and life assurance services Q 



: _Ki>amtlc . — — , 

I . d 

• r , ,v-\ 

^ “ 
Tt- • •’ 

These three investment trusts have several 
important things in common. 

Firsts there’s performance. All three have 
outstanding track records. The Throgmorton 
Trust, for example, was ranked first over 
five years and second over ten years for 
smaller companies in terms of share price 
total returns, to the end of December 1985. 

Second, they have achieved such 
outstanding results by investing in 
companies selected for their performance 
potential, but which also satisfy the 
particular objectives of each of the Trusts. 

Third, they are all managed by 
Throgmorton Investment Management, 
recognised for its consistency in picking 
companies with exceptional growth 

There are, however, several important 
differences between the three investment 

Each offers the shareholder a different ' 

form ofinvestmentpotentiaL 

The Throgmorton Trust, which has assets 
of£210m. concentrates on achieving a ' 
high total return by investing in small 
companies. The New Throgmorton Trust , . 4\ 
(1983) which invests principally in ’ ; 

two classes.ofsl&re, oneforinyestOE^ ■: 
seelongpure., income growth^ theddier^^ 
pure capital growth. Siinilariy The . J - 
Throgmorton Secured Growth Trust aims ' V 

to reward its different classes of 
shareholders with capital growth and$si : 
increasing stream of income respectively;- 
You can receive copies of the Report and- 
Accounts of each Trust by contacting : ^ . r 
Paul Loach,Thiogmorton Investment \ 
Management, Royal London House, > 

22-25 Finsbury Square, London ; K 

EC2A1DS. Telephone 01-628 9022. - 

investment Management 

Member ofNASDLM. Licensed Dealer in X^mines. 

■/yj # §§§£ 




■ -.- y »: - - 



h^tvestment TRUSTS /5 

] ngs 

Another day, another million dollars 

■ £>? 

, J nd A 


" ' r '-' iw 

- *y! 


1 * . Ilia). 


*’1^ 1 


■ -r, lot 


16 aie 

'•'■ 3k»ri 

': •-'%$* 
•~aa ht> 

When professionals get it tight 

- jn. the fond managancnt- busi- 
ness the results, can 

be spectacular. This is almost 
an understatement in the ro w 
-of Ivory <fc $iate, independent 
manager? -of .13 investment 
trust* wnh'asets of about £1' 
. billion \which last year got the 
dollar right.- ^ ■ ■ 

•V It sold $450 million in March 
: !at an average price of SI. 10 a.. 
■ pound. 'About half of .this, 
.forward exchange position was 
iSUlFopen last week, Ivory: & 
Sirae -s boldness - at a -time 
-when .many were still talking in 
.terms <?f parity between the 
ddHar and -the pound - has. left 
• it sitting o& a profit , of about 

. 5200 million or' about £140 
.. million, as a result of -the 
_ subsequent . weakness of the" 
" doDaragairist sterling. ' - 
;. .: The . shareholders - of the 
Atlantic Assets Trusts had a lot 
to anile- about Ivory & Sime's 
. judgement, as the trust bad the 
largest - single element of the 
.various. contracts. About $200 
-mAlion-was forlvcny & Sime's 
,* pension- funds under' manage- 

- meni - it. manages about .£1 . 

Ivory & Simeis 
. shrewder than most 

- despite the problems 

billion .worth of pension funds - 
4 with institutional clients taking 
a $5Q to . $100 million dollar 
' slice:. - 

‘ Ivory .& Sime looks’ after 
£250 million for overseas 
institutional clients. 

' But Ivory A Sime has- had 
prob3«ris with two of the 

- investment mists; it manages. 
North. Sea Assets and -Viking 
Resources.. Both have featured 
' regularly at the bottom of the 

- performance league tables on a 

- reiurn-ttwsbareholder .basis. 

"..‘These are our two hifflest 
prohtenrfV says Akx Ham- 
mond-Chazabers, the cfcainnau 
of Ivory & Sime. “One reason 
™ that we invested- heavily in 
oil - stocks. AH -investment 
houses make mistakes.'” 

Bus.' Ivory- & Sime is presum- 
. ably shrewder than most, if the 
growth /of its investment "trusts- 

under management . is any thing 
to go by. In- 1-980 the group .had 
roc ; investment- trusts in its 
stable, worth £300 wwIHim So it 
has' put bn £700 million- and 
seven investment 1 trusts " since 
; then- Last year aiohe it-added 
thrise mvestxaenf -trusts- to its 
range, one by acquisition. ; • : 

/The group was founded in 
1495. There was an-Ivory arid a 
’ Sime, but. the families no longer ; 
have an interest in the business. 
It. became imerested in; invest- 
ment trusts hrl898 when James 
Ivory formed British Assets. 

Ivory & Sime T^cupies the 
prestige Nipnber One. Charlotte 
Square bdflding, in foe heart of - 
Edinburgh’s investment -trust 
land. It went public in Septemb- 
er, 1983 ; ... y 

- - Mr Hammond-Chambers, 
who- says that he “hadn’t got a* 
penny" before flotation, 
“eventually’? became a million- 
aire as a result The average age 
of the staff is 30 and they own 
55; per cent- of foe groups with 
Mr Ham mohd-Ch ambers; en- 
joying a 6. per cent slake. The 
current market valuation , is 
£40:8miIIibn; V . 

7 In the pest foe group has been 
.called something, of an intellec- 
tual hothouse; others have said, 
and still dp, foal. Ivory -& Sime 
“refuses to trade'*. What "does 
Mr . . Hammond-Chambers, a 
comparative old man ' at 43, 
have to say about this? 

“There uran etement of truth 
in these . views. I wouldn’t, 
exactly call us Tan intellectual 

‘This calculation 
must be worth 
a bad headache? 

hothouse, but we do have a 
'formal training programme 
lasting ■ two years, which is. 
relatively rare in this business, 
particularly in the United 


Of the group's alleged refusal 
to trade, be says: “We do not 
turn portfolios over an awful 
lot. We do our own research. 

working h out more than most 
investment, management hous- 

We tend to concentrate on 
looking at .small' and medium 
size companies. If they are good 
compamesrwe stick with them. 
But sometimes wc overstay our 

Intellectual hothouse -or not. 
the temperature at Ivory & 
Sime has in the past got a little 
too. hot for the company to bear. 
Around September 1982 Mr 
Hammond-Chambers ‘ admits 
that he lost a lot of sleep. It was 
a tough time he says, when the 
group was shaken by -a series -of. 
management upheavals culmi- 
nating m the departure of the 
head of . the pension-fund 
business, key fund managers 
and finally the chief executive. 

He said: “If you get a lot of 
bright people together who are 
highly trained, perhaps you do 
get something like an intellec- 
tual hothouse. A Jot of them 
want to do their own thing. In 
fact, former Ivory & Sime 
people have set up five new 
fund management groups in the 
last 10 years." 

: HoareGov^s Investment Trust •• 
Department .draws on the company’s expertise 
in world stockmarkets and applies 
- .-sophisticated information technology to 
maximise returns in theilnvestment Trust sector 

For further information contact 
Mark Jeffries,NlcholasCoi1<e i Mark Sewell or 
.Peter Wallstih 01-404 Q344. . 

Hoare Govett Limited.Heron Houser 
319-325 High Holbom, London WC1V7PB. 


investment managers 

■ Since 1907 Murray Johnstone has been managing 
investments for the benefit of institutional investors and 
private clients. Our reputation has been built on an 
unremitting search for investment opportunities world- 
wide and a single-minded concentration upon improving 
our techniques of investment evaluation and selection. 
Our activities are concentrated in four main investment 
areas -Investment Trusts, Pension Funds, High-technology 
companies and Unit Trusts. Total assets under management 
currently exceed £22-00 million. 

INVESTMENT We act as managers to four quoted investment trusts each 
TRUSTS with closely defined investment policies: Murray 

International Thist, Murray Income Trust, Murray Smaller 
Markets Trust and Murray Ventures. 

PENSION FUNDS We have been successfully managing pension funds since 

1964. The value of assets managed has grown to over 
£1,000 million. Our record has been outstanding -in each 
" of the last seven years our performance has beaten the 

industry average. 

HIGH-’ Two specialist investment companies, Murray Technology 

TECHNOLOGY Murray Electronics have the objective of maximising 

long-term capital appredation , mainly through investment 
in young, unquoted high-technology companies. 

UNIT TRUSTS Murray Johnstone has successfully managed unit trusts for 

many years. Recently two new trusts -Murray Equity 
Income Fund and Murray Far Eastern Fund - were 
laimtftedtojom foe existing range of specialist trusts - 
Murray Smaller Companies Fund, Murray European Fund 
and Murray American Fund. 

Our sole business is investment management Yk are completely 
Independent, having no links with banks, stockbrokers or jobbers. 

If you would Tike to know more about Murray Johnstone and our specialist approach to fund 
management, please contact Nicholas IVescott at the address below': 


Murray Johnstone Limited, 163 Hope Street, Glasgow G2 2UH. 

• - Telephone: 041-221 9252. Telex; 778 667. 


computerised list Futther infomiatiOT 
is available on Topic, pages. 1500-07 

The expertise ofthis Department is 
just one more of the important 
services offered by one of Londons 
leading broking houses^ 

Investment Trust Department 

«Je & Bcvon, 

Ilth Fkxn: Tlic Stock Exchange. Teh 01-588 4I-i l. 
Sales: Ton Slndahcjohn Ross, David Rnfcuixi. 

- Mike Smart. David Brown, Chris Agar. 
Research: Phil ip Burt. Jane Lee Jeremy OJdcrehnw. 


ev vestmeot 

Long term growth of assets and dividends 


Period to 3U2.1985 ; Value of£l,pG0 invested* 


Period to 3L32.1985 

3 year s 

10 years 

«,.HH ■■ in inlllivMUMMMiii 




Launched in March 1984, at lOOp per share, the company 
specialises in investment in die Pacific region, principally Japanese 
equities and invests primarily for capital appreciation. 

Net asset value per share as at 3L12.85 is 106p. 

Launched in December 1979 at lOOp per share. The net 
asset value at 3L12.S5 stands at 340p per share. 

When this Trust was fonned, the Child Health Research 
Appeal Trust subscribed £200,000 in loan notes which entitle the 
charity annually to the whole of the income of the Investment Trust 
In 1984 the charity benefitted to foe extent of £188,830 from this 

Marine Adventure Sailing Trust RUG. 

Launched in September 1981 at lOOp per share. Net asset 
value at 3UZ85 stands at 227p. 

When fois Trust was formed, foe Marine Society Appeal 
Trust subscribed £200,000 in loan notes which entitle foe charity to 
foe whole of foe income of foe Investment Trust In 1985 the charity 
benefittaJ to foe extent of £130,393 firm this source. 

United Kingdom 50% V ; NortoAmerira3?% 

Europe 5% . __JferEast«. 


' - - . page37758I480a . • -- 

SlBwhcpsgate . 
LondonEC^P 2AA 

Ttawon Management Lmhcd 


Thociioo MwHjcmem (Asia) 


500 Soamne Street 



810 Sob I’kandico 

The Landmark 

. London BC2M7BJ 

Qflifornk 94111 


• / -USA 

Hong Kong 

i - r 

1N3N33VNVH QNH J 1 V N O 1 l V N 8 3-1 N I 

Apparently the catalyst for 
the upheaval and parting of the 
ways then was a disagreement 
about the future structure of the 

So Ivory & Sime (uis not had 
an altogether trouble-free ride to 
its position as manager of the 
third largest amount of- invest- 
ment trust foods. (Robert 
Finning and Touche Remnant 
are the two largest players.) 

In -.1970 it was foe second 
largest manager of unit trust 
money in the industry, handling 
a good deal of Save &. Prosper' s 
funds. Its decision to' go into 
pension funds •’ when Save A. 
Prosper went in-house with its 
money, rather than pursue ihe 
unit trust route, has paid off 

It was the first Scottish fund 
manager to go public and, does 
not have or manage any unit 
trusts now. 

Mr Hammond-Chambers 
believes that investment trusts 
arc “ideal vehicles" for foe 
private individual “The future 
of investment trusts is tied up 
with the individual," he says. 


Where wouldyou rather 
invest your money? 



WORTH £7^03 END I9M 


Prize Plan from Tunbridge Wells 
Equitable Friendly Society. 

Ybur funds will purchase shares in 
Investment Trusts. Over foe last ten years 
investment trusts have out-performed foe 
Unit Trusts by 5039%. 

Prize Plan also offers you friendly society 
tax privileges: one-third of the invested Rinds 
grow ta x- fa ?. 

You can invest £26.50 per month or£3G0 
per year for ten years or fund foe plan with a 
single payment of £2,400. 

To find out more about the high yields and 
growth you can expect from Prize Plan, 
telephone us on Tunbridge Wells (0892)41466, 
or post the coupon today. No postage is 

*£1.000 in. e.lcd 1 1. n |9<f. income (cmtestcd 
I PI east send me detail* of Prize Plan. 1 



WORTH £11,735 END 1984 

Post lo: Tunbridpe Wells Equitable Friendly Society, I 

F REEPOST. Tunbndge Wells. Kenl TN4 9BR_ ' ■ 

TTZI.lJft | 

TRUST pic 





i HP: 


iQ'/y - MW .. 

3, Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DS. 
Telephone (031) 225 457L 




Get to know The Foreign and Colonial 
Investment Trust PLC. 

We have a 1 17 year record of successful investment and a £630 million 
world wide fund looking for foe opportunities of foe future. Our special 
low cost savings scheme for private investors could be just what you're 
searching for. 

If you would like to become a stock market investor but don't know how, 
find out more by sending off the coupon. 

Ta Beanor Turner, 

Foreign & Colonial Management Limited. {Licensed Dealer in Securities) 

1 Laurence Pountney HiW, London EC4J5 DBA Tel: 01 -623 4680. 

Ptease send me fun details of The Foreign and Colonial investment Trust PLC. 

Name. ■■■ — 

Address - — ■ — — ■ — — — 




From your Portfolio card check your eight 
share price movements. Add them up 10 give 
vou your overall uaaL Check this against the 
dail} dividend figure published <m this page. 

Ifit matches you Have won outright ora share 
of the total daily prize money slated. If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the back 
of your card. 

Vou must always have your card available 
when claiming. 

Capitalization and week’s change 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings Began, Jan 13. Dealings End, Jan 24. § Contango Day, Jan 27. Settlement Day, Feb 3. 

S Forward bargains are permitted on two previous days. 

(Current market price-multiplied by the number of shares in issue for the stock quoted) 


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Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Guinness and Distillers could 
unveil terms this week 

It is dangerous moment An eyes, over the 
weekend, nave been on theGronp of Five 
finance ministers of the biggest industrial 
market economies, who - together with 
their central bank minders — have been 
meeting at No H, Downing Street 

In vain the partidpants sfrove at first to 
pretend that this was a casual, unimport- 
ant .meeting. In the past G5 has gone to 
some .pains to. hide its meetings from 
public view, holding many of them on a 
jught oft from large international confer- 

speeches to spot where the real business is 
being done. But these meetings of the 
powerful few have always been more 
important than participants like to admit 
in - until last September. 

.Ihe G5 then blew its own cover, 
formally announcing a co-operative agree- 
ment -to manage down the exchange rate of 
the world's most important currency. This 
succeeded, beyond the expectations of 
most participants, in moving markets in 
the desired direction. Exchange rates . 
today are a far better reflection of the 
economic “fundamentals” referred to in 
the September communique. The dollar 
has fallen ^ and (in increasing order of 
strength) the pound, franc, mark and yen 
have risen. . 

The side effects of the September 
meeting are less welcome to these finanry 
ministers, though more predictable. First, 
G5 cannot retreat into decent obscurity. 
Italy has complained vociferously against 
its exchiszom Precisely the same political 
argument followed the setting up of the 
annual economic summit dub of heads of 
government in 1975, which is how that 
group of the. same five nations grew to 
seven plus. The first summit's French 
hosts found it hard to resist the Italians. 
-The Canadians then complained of their 
exclusion and finally the president of the 
EEC Commission wheedled himse lf a 
footstool at the summit table. ... 

There is some excuse for I talian pique. 
After the September agreement in G5, the 
lira came under extra pressure. To try to 
hold their place in the European Monetary . 
System the Italians sold maxim for lira,, 
until the embarrassed Bundesbank poin- 
ted out that the German, currency was 
supposed to be going up: would the 
Italians please sell dollars for lira instead.' 

The second natural consequcnce was^^ 
that the agenda of G5 meetings became of 
consuming interest to the markets. Last., 
week it was the Japanese, and the French, 
who stirred the pot; and the Germans who 
blew the gaff Before the weekend, the 
world's money markets were intrigued to 
learn that G5 was considering ^ stage two 
in its cooperative strategy: from exchange- 
rate intervention to co-ordinated re- 
ductions in interest rates. .. 

A moment's reflection revealed the 
improbability of such a plan. “Interest rate 
disarmament” has been dreamt of by 
governments since the 1960s, when Mr 
James Callaghan hosted just such another 
international get-together. Nearly 20 years 
later and several percentage points higher, 
interest rates look no easie r to bring down 
by international fiat Just the same, all 
members of G5, but particularly the 
Japanese and French, are anxious about 
interest rates. The British look deliberate 
steps to prevent a further rise a few days 
before G5. The . Americans came to the 
meeting with red feces. The participants 
found it necessaxy to issue a communique 
saying things were going, swimmingly, 
progress had been made and would not be 
reversed. It did not, of course, mention 
interest rates. 

As usual, however, there is plenty to 
read between the lines. The communique 
skates over two underlying disagreements: 
one between central bankers and their 
finance mini sters, and in particular 
between Paul Volcker and James Baker; 
another between America and the four 
smaller members of G5. 

Mr Baker wanted to see the dollar fall, 
in order to placate American protectionist 
sentiment - the fearful strength of which 
was the final stimulus to the September 
agreement between the Group of five. He 

would like to see American interest rates 
down, in ordtar to help the dollar decline - 
and Case the position of those other 
governments (notably the Japanese) who 
nave been complaining that the effort to 
depress the doflar has required them to 
push their interst rates up both painfully 
andpomtlessly. - 

Mr Volcker, on the other hand, sticks 
doggedly to his duty to ran whatever 
monetary policy seems to him appropri- 
ate. He is not, by qny means, insular 
indeed, he was ready to intervene in the 

downright uneasy -that last September’s 
G5 agreement appeared to. interfere with 
Ins freedom to ^ interest rates. • 

Mr' Volcker was not going to be caught 
in the same confusion twice. What has 
emerged most clearly from this meeting is 
.. that Mr Volcker will continue to manage 
_ US interest; rates according to what he 
thinks is happening to the US economy. 
With so many unfavourable factors, 
particularly the continuing saga- of the 

- unmanag eable US budget, this means we 

- will have to wait for signs of further 
weakness in the US economy before 
American interest rates really . come down. 

This understanding presented finance 
ministers with a choice. Either they could 
continue to push down the dollar; or they 
could pause, and see if a few windows of 
opportunity occurred for cuts in interest 
rates. Here emerged the second disagree- 
ment. The Europeans and Japanese opted 
for a pause.. Clearly, Mr Baker is a tittle 
uneasy. The results of the dollar's fell so 
far are not yet benefiting America’s trade 
balance (it normally takes ay ear before a 
falling currency stimulates export volumes 
sufficiently to make up for the higher price 
of imports at a lower exchange rate). Mr 
Baker would tike to see Europe and Japan 
help fay growing fester, in order to increase 
their appetite for American goods. But 
here his trading partners have a neat 
answer, high interest rates are inimical to 
growth. The compromise seems to be an 
agreement to pause, but to snap back into 
i cooperative intervention if the dollar tries 
to bounce batik again. 

There is’ a further, not very pretty 
complication. High .world interest rates 
. are grimly perpetuating the international 
debt crisis. With a'frjgh percentage of their 
debts at variable rates; the governments 
concerned have been hanging on, waiting 
for the fell in the burden of debt interest. 
~ prSmiSfed ’ When" the industrial ■ world 
manages to set itself to rights. Mr Baker 
has eased the strain by proposing a new 
, package of finance,- subscribed partly by 

- the anxious international banks and partly 
• by the government-backed World Bank; 

- an initiative launched last autumn, to 
; general interaationalacdaian 

■ But the Baker plan has been hanging 
fire.. Mr B^ker has not yet even found a 
: candidate to take over from Tom Clausen 
as president of the -World Bank, a failin g 
roundly critidzed- by some of his 

- colleagues in London tins past we ek e nd . It 
has meanwhile been overtaken by a 
further complication in the debt stray. 

Since 1982, the foots has been on the 
group of Latin American debtors, which 
appeared to display similar difficulties and 
banded together info a half hearted 
debtprs* cartel. But the most recent fall in 
the oil price has dramatically altered the 
picture. ■ 

Now the' main fociis is on those major 
debtors with sizeable oil resources - 
Mexico, Nigeria, Venezuela and Indonesia 
- whose financial , calculations are unra- 
veling like a ball of string. By the time the 
Baker plan is finally peeled off ihe drawing 
board, it may look about as appropriate as 
last year's calender. 

Plainly, other debtors will benefit from 

- falling energy prices - gaining, lie the 

- industrial countries, from lower pro- 
duction costs, rising real incomes and 

' lower inflation. It is this lower inflation 
■ rate that members of G5 see as the best 
signal towrds lower interest rates. Indeed 
they should. Fra if we cannot get interest 
rates down as inflation fells, we will pull 
the cord steadily tighter around the throat 
of economic growth, 

Sarah Hogg 

Economics Editor 

Savoy plans 
US branch 

By William Kay 
The Savoy Hotel wants to 
open a branch in New York. Mr 
Giles Shepard, the group’s 
managi n g director, has. been 
louring the fashionable districts 
of lower Manhattan, looking for 
a suitable site; * 

“We have dose links with 
Hong Kong’s Mandarin Hotel 
group, and we would like to 
open an hotel in. New York to 
be financed on similar lines to 
their new outlets in Vancouver 
and San Francisco,” said. Mr 
Shepard. .. . 

This would mean that the she 
and development would be paid 
for by local investors. In return, 
the Savoy would lend its name 
to die hotel and would be 
responsible for staffing., and 

“I would al» like to open 
Savoy holds in Geneva, San 
Francisco and .possibly * resort 

area,” Mr Shepard added. 

The Savoy has piously 
been criticized for a lade of 
enterprise by Trastiwusp Forte, 
which owns a majority of the 
ordinary shares but bas faned-to 
win control o£ the vital voting 
shares. Last week THF con- 
famed that it was still intent on 
taking ] over, the: Savoy, v . 


»»>:« .Hri:- 

(Friday's do w m d change on 



FT AH Share ___~-.B7B.38 (+1J51 
FTGovtSecurifiM *.-81.28 (-0.171 

FT-SE100 - — r 1 JKHUj (+1 iy 

Baroalns—M,-.— — 24,129 
natas tream USM ... >107.47 (-1.63) 

DowJorws ,1536,70 (+23.17) 


mKEdow -~_13JXB.70(+11A9) 

ESsen? .1806.88 (-1.08) 



Nikkei Dow — i13J»9.70(+1lA8) 

H 00 fl Kong: . 

HabflSeng — —1B06.88(-1.0m 
AmatantaanGen (+3|j 

ggnojjFAO .—,—1066^ (+22S) 

Commerzbank ~~ — 3149.7 (+692) 




Paris: CAC — - 


SKA General 

,--514.90 (-) 

TOMORROW - Interims: 
Research. British Bloodstock 
, Matthew dark and Sons 
), A & J Golfer, Hampson 
Macartbys Pharmaceu* 

By Jeremy Warner 

Business Correspondent 

Distillers yesterday con- 
firmed that it was considering a 
merger with Guinness to escape 
the bitterly-contested £2 billion 
takeover bid from Argyll, Mr 
James Gulliver’s food retailing 
group, terms could be an- 
nounced this week. 

Mr David Connell, a senior 
director of Distillers, said that 
various options were being 
reviewed by the board, includ- 
ing a deal with Guinness. 

Sources dose to Guinness 
also- confirmed that Morgan 
Grenfell, the company's mer- 
chant bank, had been instructed 
to find a way of bringing about 
a merger “If at all possible’'. 

Mr Ernest Saunders, chief 
executive of Guinness, told Mr 
Gulliver yesterday morning that 
he was “upset” by weekend 
press reports that; he was about 
to enter the takeover bade. He 
said that be had no intention of 
making an alternative offer for 

However, he refused to rule 
out the possibility of a tie-up 
with Distillers, and it is 
understood that the two com- 
panies are atte m pt in g to work 

Brokers to 
PCW claim 

By Alison Eadie 

Lloyd's brokers associated 
with the PCW scandal, in which 
£39 million was misappropri- 
ated, wfli this week see the 
intended statement of claim 
against ’ them by 367 PCW 

Last week the insurance 
market saw the Harm against it 
for alleged failure to regulate the 
market property. The main 
; brokers involved are Minet, 
Alexander Howden, Sedgwick, 
Steel Burrill Jones, Housley 
Heath (now Needier Heath) an 
PW Kminmonth (now Kinin- 
month Lambert). There are up 
to 40 defendants in the claim, 
including members* agents, 
'accountants and solicitors. 

The names hope that by 
showing the defendants the case 
against them, an outrof-court 
settlement wall be reached. 
Lloyd's was shown the daim 
against it first, because it is 
expected to take a lead role in 
coordinating the different par- 

The names face estimated 
losses of £130 minion. Nearly 
200 of them' failed to .meet 
Lloyd's solvency test last year, 
causing a record £54.6 million 
earmarking the central 

fund, the pobcyholdcrs' protec- 
tion fond. 

Minet owned the PCW 
underwriting agency, and the 
former Minet chairman, Mr 
John . Wallrock, was fined 
£500,000 by a Lloyd’s diaaplm- 
aiy committee 

The other brokers were 
mainly involved in broking the 
reinsurance, whereby the 
names’ money found its way to 
offshore companies and then 
into the pockets of Mr Peter 
Cameron- Webb, Mr Peter 
Dixon and others involved in 
the affair. Mr Dixon was found 
by Lloyd's to have diverted 
£12.8 million out of syndicate 
funds to his own personal use. 

• F.-*: 

1*7*-- y s ;r T'-wy.-: 

I. ■ ’ - ; * 

'..‘‘- 7, v s' - V ? 1 *E- f 

towards agreed merger terms 
that would put a value on 
Distillers' shares of more than 
£6 each. Argyll's bid is worth 
£5.60 a share. 

. The merger terms will have 
to satisfy the Office of Fair 
Trading which might object to 
the combined group's near 40 
per cent share of the branded 
Scotch whisky market in Bri- 
tain. However, after initial 
soundings. Guinness is said to 
believe it could avoid a 
Monopolies Commission re- 

Argyll said it was certain -that 
a merger between Guinness, 
which already owns the Arthur 
Bell whisky business, and 
Distillers would be referred to 
the Monopolies Commission.. 

■IS- . •V’SfcJj 


H s own bid has been 
unconditionally cleared by the 
Office of Fair Trading. 

Mr Rupert Faure Walker, a 
director of Argyll's merchant 
bank Samuel Montague, des- 
cribed the emergence of Guin- 
ness as the favoured Distiller’s 
partner as an admission of 
defeat “They appear to have 
conceded finally that they need 
an injection of new manage- 
ment. I cannot see how 
Guinness can come up with a 
package worth more to Distil- 
lers' shareholders than our 
own," he said. 

Mr Connell denied that the 
Distillers board was split ou 
whether to accept merger terms 
from Guinness. These could 

include Mr Saunders becoming 
chairman and chief executive of 
the combined group. ‘There is 
complete unanimity on pursu- 
ing the standard defence and on 
reviewing the other options 
including a deal with Guinness. 
There is no question of 
admitting defeat," he said. 

Guinness has told the Office 
of Fair Trading that a merger 
with Distillers would create a 
powerful new force in the 
international drinks market, 
and would be good for the 
Scotch whisky industry and for 
British exports. 

It has also pointed out that 
the combined market share of 
the two companies in Britain 
and their share of whicky 
production would be no greater 
than Distillers used to enjoy by 
itself several years ago. 

Sources dose to Distillers 
claim that some of the com- 
pany’s largest institutional 
shareholders had expressed a 
preference for tbc Guinness link 
and remained suspicious of Mr 
Gulliver. But Argyll said that 
Distillers* 40 largest insti- 
tutional shareholders were gen- 
erally favourable to the Argyll 

February vote expected on 
revised Westland package 

By Patience Wheatcroft 

The Westland board meets 
today to finaif-yg details ofa new 
reconstruction package which 
will require the approval of only 
half of the company's share- 
holders. The proposals will be 
sent to shareholders this week 
and should be voted on by the 
middle of next month. Sup- 
porters of the Nan, probably 
including Hanson Trust, are 
likely to buy more Westland 
shares before that vote. 

Lazazd, Westland's merchant 
bank advisor, was yesterday 
working with Slaughter & May. 
the lawyers, to produce the new 
proposals. Sir John Cuckhey. 
Westland chairman, has the 
backing of Westland's bankers, 
Barclays and National West- 
minster, to pursue the link-up 
with Sikorsky and Hat 
The new proposals aim to 
secure the same result of 
Sikorsky-Fiat taking a 29.9 per 
cent stake in Westland and the 
company raising £70 million of 
new capital, but to do so 

Bill Paul: Sikorsky still 
keen to do a deal 
without requiring a special 
resolution of the company. It 
would be possible for Westland 
to issue new ordinary shares 
with the approval of only half 
its shareholders. 

The European consortium 
which rivals the Sikorsky-Fiat 
deal will this week demand a 
meeting with Sir John, although 
he now maintains that it should 

Agusta, the Italian member of 
the consortium, yesterday de- 
nied suggestions that it might be 
planning to change sides m the 

By the end of the week both 
Hanson Trust and Mr Alan 
Bristow, who is opposed to the 
Sikorsky deal will be free to 
add another 1 0 per cent to their 
15 per cent Westland holdings 
wiihour incurring any obli- 
gations should they wish to bid 
at a later stage for the whole 
company. It is also possible that 
Sikorsky may decide to buy 
some Westland shares. Mr Bill 
Paul Sikorsky's chief executive, 
has now gone back to the 
United States, but Mr Peter 
Cadbury, a director of Morgan 
Grenfell which is advising 
Sikorsky, stressed yesterday that 
the company was still keen to 
do a deal with Westland. 

Mr Alan Bristow said he will 
wait to see the new proposals 
from the board before adding to 
his shareholding. 


Lautro link 
in doubt 

The suggested merger 
between two of the seven 
organizations proposed to 
police the city may not take 

The steering group of the Life 
Assurance & Unit Trust Regu- 
latory Organization (Lautro) 
said it would consider alterna- 
tives to teaming up with the 
Investment Management Regu- - 
latory Organization (Imro). 

The merger was suggested in - 
a document issued by the 
Securities and Investment 
Board and the Marketing of 
Investments Board Organizing 
Committee when the Financial 
Services bill was published last 

The Lautro steering groups 
said it was considering “the 
development of investment 
management rules within Lau- 
iro and a federal solution 
whereby membership of one 
organization would bring Lau- 
iro within the jurisdiction of 
both, in addition to the 
possibility of a merger with 
another self-regulatory organi- 
zation (SRO). 

Mr Malcolm Reid, a member 
of the Lautro steering group, 
said: “We are not certain that a 
merger is the solution" 

Savings rise 

Total National Savings in- 
vestment stands at just over 
£30.7 billion compared with 
£28.1 billion a year ago, 
according to official figures 
yesterday. National Savings, 
including accrued interest, was 
£106.7 million last month. 

Unions' failure 

Trade unions push up money 
wages and prices, but do not 
improve workers' real wages, 
according to an article by Mr 
Christopher Dow, a former 
Bank of England executive 
director and adviser, in Lloyds 
Bank Review, published today. 

Cash only 

Share purchases on Italian stock 
exchanges will be allowed only 
for cash with the required 
deposit raised from 60 per cent 
to 100 per cent The derision by 
the supervisory commission - 
which bas also abolished the 
February settlement period by 
postponing January settlements 
and advancing the March 
period - comes after growing 
paralysis in settlement pro- 
cedures, aggravated by bank 

Pay settlements may be 
easing, says CBI 

By Our Economics Editor 

Britain is blind to price 
dangers, says Opec 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

Pay settlements may be 
edging downwards, according to 
the Confederation of British 
Industry. Bat Sir Terence 
Beckett, director-genera] of the 
CBI, gave a warning against 
optimism, saying that it would 
be some months before a lower 
trend could be confirmed.. 

The CBI databank shows 
that manufacturing pay settle- 
ments averaged 6V < per cent in 
the final quarto 1 of 1985- below 
the 6% per cent plateau on 
which wage settlements seem to 
have stock for he past nine 
months. However, this is oafy a 
provisional figure, and nearly 

half the settlements in that 
quarter have still to be logged 
with the CBI. 

ManwhBe, the CBI;s Em- 
ployment Affairs Report empha- 
sized that British unit labour 
costs were still rising faster than 
in competitor countries, and said 
that only sterling's decline in 
the last quarto of 1985 had 
helped to check a deterioration 
in British competitiveness. 

A redaction of a quarter of ! 
per cent in pay settlements 
would compare with the 2 per 
cent reduction in wage settle- 
ments urged by the CBI for this 
pay round. 

Britain has again been ac- 
cused by the Organization of 
Oil Exporting Countries (Opec) 
of failing to support world oil 
prices by not intervening in 
North Sea output levels. 

As prices seem set to renew 
their downward spiral, Opec 
said in its annual report that 
only Opec’s “stout and single 
banded defence of the oil 
market has so far prevented a 
total collapse of prices.” 

Dr Fadhil al-ChaJabi, Opec’s 
acting general secretary, said: 
“Despite the sacrifices, the 
North Sea producers, ignoring 
Opec appeals for co-operation 
and dialogue, continued to 
produce at capacity and to sell 

as much oil as possible at prices 
which struck at the very 
foundations of Opec’s preca- 
riously balanced price struc- 

Dr Chalabi said that Britain, 
and to a lesser extent, Norway, 
had been “blind to the dangers 
of short-term gains over long- 
term stability". 

Opec has now decided that it 
will defend its market share at 
around I S million barrels a day. 
Indications have emerged over 
the weekend that its principal 
member, Saudi Arabia, with a 
daily output quota of 4.35 
million barrels, may be pre- 
pared to see the world price 
drop to as low as Si 8 a barrel. 

Tin crisis shows signs of 
yielding to diplomacy 

By Michael Prest, Financial Correspondent 

Britain's diplomatic 

However, bankers and brok- 

‘Raise tax thresholds’ 

Small businessmen think that Lawson should aim, in the tong 
the . Chancellor should cut term, to lake out of taxation 
personal ^taxation by raising people earning less than the 
allowances, and thresholds.' ^ ■ ■national average wage. 

The National Federation of The federation rejects culr in 
Self Employed and Small the baric rate of income tax and 
Businesses - it has 50,000 changes in the higher Tate 
members — .says that Me- bands. . 

paign to resolve the tin crisis ers who have devised the £320 
may be succeeding. During the million rescue plan wiD not be 
weekend meeting of the Group encouraged by West Germany's 
of Five finance ministers from continued resistance to a bur- 
the leading industrial nations, it den-sharing settlement. Still less 
was understood that France and win they welcome the wish of 
the Netherlands had dropped France and Holland to reduce 
their objections in principle to a the ITCs contribution to the 
settlement involving financial rescue, 
commitments by International Mr Ralph Kcstenbaum, joint 
Tin Council members. managing director of Gerald 

It is also understood that Metals and one of the authors of 
today Japan will unveil pro- the rescue plan, appealed on 
posals for ending the crisis, now Channel 4 television's The 
almost three months old, while Business Programme, for the 
Mrs Thatcher, the Prime Minis- British Government to step in 
ter, is due to raise the matter and save the day with advance 
with President Mitterrand in funds to tin brokers. 

Lille, The plan envisages the banks 

The liming of these develop- and brokers contributing £70 

ments is highly sensitive be- 
cause the London Metal Ex- 

million to a new company 
which will lake on the ITCs 

change meets today to discuss obligations, including forward 
whether to resume tin trading, purchase agreements for 62,000 

and the 22 members of the 

tonnes of tin. The producer and 

are due to meet tomorrow. The consumer groups in the ITC 


TODAY - mtarima: Biotechnology 
Investments, fisstmor Group, 
David. 8. Smith Hokfinga. Finale; 
Brooke Tool Engtoaering ‘ “ 
Erode Chou isle 

LME has said that without a 
radical change in the situation 
tin trading must resume by the 
end of the month. . 

Heals, Scottish, English and 
European Textiles, Wftam Som- 
me rvflle & Son. Finals: A & P 
Appledora Group, FAA, First 
Leisure Corporation, LPA Indus- 
tries. WEDNESDAY - Interim: 
Cantors. final* Anglia Television 
Group, Crescent Japan Investment 
Trust Irish Cfvfl Service Bidding 
Society, Lookers, New Tokyo 
Investment Trust, Taco, Union 
Carbide Corporation. 

THURSDAY - Martins; Estates 
Property investment Company, 
McKay Securities Group, Paikdafe 
Holdings, Property Security Invest- 
ment Trust, Watsham's (results 
expected on Friday). Finnic Bank 
Leurrf (UK). John Beales, Denmans 
Electrical, Derby Trust, Thomas 
French & Sons, Glass Glover 
Group, Hfll & Smith Holdings, 
Investors Capital Trust, KLP Group 
(amended), Mlcrogen Holdings, 
Louis Newmaric. 

FRIDAY - Interims: Bristol Charted 
Ship Repairers, Samuel Heath & 
Sons, Kenyon Securities. Finals: 
None announced. 

would each put up £100 million. 

Banks and brokers have said 
repeatedly that they will not 
raise their contributions. 

Delay ‘threatens 
TSB growth’ 

The delay in the flotation of 
the Trustee Savings Bank 
Gro up c ould seriously damage 
the TSB's plans, already em- 
barked on, to become a “third 
force" in competition with 
clearing banks and building 

Legal wrangles over owner- 
ship have delayed the flotation 

A report by W. Greenwell & 
Co, the stockbroker, says that 
the TSB's plans assume a 
massive equity injection this 
year. The recent rapid increase 
in the bank's lending is 
contributing to a deterioration 
in key ratios which will need to 
be corrected with fresh capital 

The report calculates that the 
T$B could raise £350 million in 
subordinated loan stock this 


... O I EEC CUM U n T l I N Cm^fD tMCCCCU u 

* i ll jjlD:?/ t u i El it i-- f lu O j -* / / 

Plessey leads 
RACE projects in 

TA I AAAfftl Q who are working in collaboration 
j[ B with a major PTT administration 

Two of the most important tech- 
nology projects in the RACE 
programme are to be led by Plessey, 
as prime contractor for two consortia 
of major European telecommunica- 
tions and electronics organisations. 

RACE is the European 
Commission's initiative for 
Research und Development in 
Advanced Communications and 
Electronics. Funding in the 
Plessey-led projects involves some 
four million ECUs (£25 million). 

Sir John Clark, Plessey 
chairman, states ‘These two 
projects are absolutely central to 
the future of advanced telecom- 
munications in Europe. 


‘It is significant that the European 
Commission has selected bids 
from members of the four-party 
agreement on public switching 

who are work ing i n collaboration 
with a major PTT administration 
and with a leading European semi- 
conductor manufacturer. 

“This is real and meaningful 
work which demonstrates vividly 
the value of Plessey association 
with Siemens. CITAJcaiel and 
lte her 

The first project covers alterna- 
tive switching techniqucsand tech- 
nologies for integrated broadband 
communications. The second will 
study customer access to these 



Plessey is investing £220 million 
over fire years on MEGACELL - its 
new silicon chip design and pro- 
duction service. 

This highly flexible software 
design permits customers’ own 
designers to plan chips containing up 
to 100,000 transistors for production 

Sixty design centres have so far 
been established worldwide, or 
which 54 are user or third party 
centres, operating under licence. 

In thk ultra- competitive market, 
MEGA CELL places Plessey with 
the leading Japanese and American 
manufacturers - and far ahead of any 
other company in Europe. 

picks I’kssev- 

Plessey has been selected to supply 
13GHz microwave communications 
holes, worth some £45 million, to 
Moony Comm ani cations Limited. 

This digital microwave trans- 
mission equipment for indoor and 
rooftop applications prorides 
2M bit/s, SMbii/sand 34Mb3i/scapa. 
city, equivalent to 30. 120 and 480 
telephony channels respectively. 


It will be used tor local distribution 
in Mercury's network, including 
London, Bristol Birmingham. 
Leeds and Manchester. Delivery of 
the 146 links has already started 
and should be completed early in 

$5 million payphones order 

The Ameritel Corannraicatioos 
Corporation of Florida has jest 
ordered several thousand Plessey 
payphones Tor distribution to fee 
customer-owned, coin-operated 
telephone market in major metro- 
politan areas throughout the United 

They are scheduled for delivery 
early in 3986. 

Plessey payphones are also 
currently undergoing field trials 
with two Bell operating companies 
and a nry or independent telecoms 

company also in the USA. 


With its “irueUigeaf payphone 
range, Plessey has now become a 
world marke t leader, its payphones 
are in service with mare than 
IS telephone administrations in 
nvdve countries. 

Worldwide. Plessey has taken 
orders forever 140,000 payphones 
and sees its business rapidly 

Technology is our business. 

ness FI. Itrnrui 'imitoroflj VLOICELLw :< adt n^’o/Ttf CjwW'i r!r. 





proup joins 
invasion from Ulster 



Unlisted Securities 
which has already 

The company is the creation 
.. Of the chairman, Mr John 
stabiished a significant A men- Gold stone. A bomber pilot 
can connection, is now forging a during the war. he created a 
4 irm link with Northern Ireland. Nonhem Ireland textile shops 

Two months ago Hampden 
Homecare became the first 
Ulster company to join the 
junior market." This week 
iSrook mount, a property group, 
releases details of its flotation 
plans and two other groups 
from Northern Ireland are said 
to be close to achieving USM 

Hampden, as the leader of 

chain before opting for the do- 
it-yourself business. 

Although Hampden has 
made a subdued USM debut, it 
has not deterred Wickes, a 
similar group, from moving to 
the market Hampden came at 
11.4 times earnings on a 
notional tax charge. Wickes. 
more a builders merchant than 
a Texas Homecare-style d-i-y 

this Irish invasion, has hardly, business, has ambitiously opted 
blazed a trail of enthusiasm, for a 14.8 times prospective 
The shares, placed by Hichens. earnings rating for its oner for 
Harrison & Co., the" broker, at sale, which is being handled by 
5"p. are now 5Sp. They have Rowe & Pitman, the broker, 
been as high as 67 p. An American controlled 

The company is nearly 30 per group. Wickes is forecasting 
cent owned 'by the Home profits of £3.6 million for the 

Charm Group and operates six 
Texas Homecare stores in 
Northern Ireland under fran- 
chise. It has recently acquired 

year ending this month. 

Brook mount, the next Irish 
issue, is a commercial property 
development and investment 

three further properties and is group. Although it originated in 
planning to extend its oper- Northern Ireland, it has since 
inions into the Republic of spread into London and the 

years ago. Brookraouiu has 
developed three shopping cen- 
tres in Northern Ireland. It 
could achieve profits of around 
£900.000 in its present year 
against £721,000 last year. 
Assets are believed to be around 
£10 million. 

Shareholders in Wold, the 
English frozen vegetables group 
which joined the USM in May, 
received another nasty surprise 
on Friday. .After an unpleasant 
set of interim figures in 
September, the Wold board tells 
investors the second half has let 
them down. 

Wold normally makes all its 
profits in the second six 
months, but it cannot make up 
for the weather-beaten first half, 
and full-year 1985 figures are 
expected to show profits of less 
than half the £1.47 million seen 
in 1984. 

Bad weather and poor har- 
vests are the root of the trouble 
for the pea and bean processor. 

Wold shares dropped 7p to 
53 p, a long way from the 95p 
offer for sale price. Still, for 

Hampden moved from a 
£-4-5.000 loss in 19S0 to a 
£454.000 profit in the year to 
end September 1984. For the 
>ear to end December 1985 it 
has forecast £700.000 and the 
market expectation is that this 
estimate will be comfortably 

South-easL it has a 20 per cent those with long-term confidence 
interest in the development of in the business - and the 1985 

the historic Surrey racing 




with Trafalgar House h 
80 percent 
The group's chairman is Mr 
Jack Wilson, a former Northern 
Ireland retailer who sold his 
Crazy Prices supermarket chain 
to Associated British Foods four 

disaster does look more 
more like a one-off - 
chairman's honesty 
promptness in revealing 





worst can have done no harm. 

Derek Pain and 
Pam Spooner 

• ompany lias disposed of G. P. 
Tuner and Co. a Lloyd's insurance 
broker, and iLs subsidiary, G. P. 
Turner l Life and Pensions Brokers). 
;c British Linen Securities, a whoil\- 
I-.-V offshoot of the British Linen 
Bank. The agreement provides that 
FLS will make an initial payment to 
Runeiman c>r£203.IOS. 

for the year to Sept. 50. with figures 





ABN Bank 

Adam & Companv 

BCC1 .'. 

Citibank Savings t 1 2 Vi 

Consolidated Crds 1 2'/;% 

Continental Trust 12 ‘a% 

Co-operative Bank I2!£% 

C. Hoare &. Co 1 2 1 

Lloyds Bank 12 'a% 

Nat Westminster 12!':% 

Roval Bank Scotland ... 


Citibank N A 

f Mortgage Base Rale. 




in £000. turnover was 419.423 
<372.228). while the pretax profit 
was 5.757 (7.536). Earnings per 
share were 8.6p (I0.8p). A final 
dividend of 4p <4p) is being paid on 
April I, making a total of 6.5p 

C ATE: For the year to Ocl 31 , with 
figures in £000, turnover was 19.524 
(16.546). while the pretax profit was 
2.550 (1.677). Earnings per share 
were I9.6p (12.89p). A final 
dividend of 2p f Ip) is being paid on 
April l. making a total of3p( Ip). 

• CITICORP: The company has 
acquired British National Life 
Assurance from Armco Inc. Citi- 
corp plans to inject £10 million into 
BNLA. increasing the capital almost 
sevenfold. BNLA headquartered in 
Haywards Heath. West Sussex, is 
mainly in the unit-linked life 
assurance business. 

For the year to Sept 30, with figures 
in £000. turnover was 6.802 (4.449). 
while the pretax profit was 1.095 
(505). Earnings per share were 8.2!p 
<4.75p). A dividend of 1.8p (-) is 
being paid, as forecast in the 
prospectus Iasi July. 

company has reached agreement 
with Parkhurst and Co for the 
purchase of the headtease in respect 
of Harpers. Swansea, for £425.950 


Matthew Hall: Mr Donald 
Panin is to join the board on 
March 10 and will become 
group chief executive on April 
I. Mr Nathan Blanksby will 
join the board on February 1 as 
director for the oil gas and 
chemical sector. 

.Associated Newspapers 
Holdings: Mr R M Shields 
becomes deputy chairman of 
Associated Newspapers Group. 
Sir David English becomes 
vice-chairman and Mr E J 
Winnington-lngram managing 

Bank: Mr Rodney 
has been made a 

Loads dale 

EIS Group: Mr Roy Thomas 
becomes divisional director for 
the process plant and machin- 
ery division companies and Mr 
Kelvin Derrick divisional direc- 
tor for the hydraulic and 
precision engineering com- 
panies. Mr Malcolm Wood has 
been named as divisional 
director for the aircraft engin- 
eering companies and Mr Peter 
Haslehorst becomes divisional 
director for the Flexibox Inter- 
national Group. 


Fast slide in 
bond market 

The bond market has been 
through a horrendous week 
where rumour and fact have 
combined to demoralize the 
very core of the American 
financial system. In the first 
week of Janyary the March T- 
bond contract passed 86, an 
astounding rise of 16 per cent 
from the October level. 

this boom figure was soon 
undermined by die publication 
of the December payroll em- 
ployment numbers which were 
widely misinterpreted as indi- 
cating a “surge of growth" of 
the American economy. By last 
Monday the March T-Bond 
bad been battered down to 

The realization during the 
week that the rumours of 
booming retail sales, industrial 
production and employment 
were wQdfy exaggerated, 
eventually restored some bal- 
ance to the bond market so that 
on Friday the March contract 
was 83^^ At Current prices, 
the Treasury “bell-wether 
bond** is yielding 9.4 per cent, 
down about 300 basis points 
since the beginning of the year. 
Notably, 23 of 24 economists 
polled in January last year by 
The Wall Street Journal . 
forecast that the long bond 
would now be yielding about 11 
per cent. 

These same 24 economists 
are now forecasting that the 
long bond will be yielding about 
9.8 per cent at the end of 1986. 
This view, while In line with 
conventional thinking about the 
growth of the United States 
economy, ignores the fact that 
inflation has bottomed out, and 
there are no signs that it is 
going to revive. 

What was forgotten by those 
who cannot get the memory of 
the 1970s out of their brains 
was that we have had four 
complete years in the US - 
1982, 1983, 1984, and 1985 - in 
which inflation l»s been under 
4 per cent. Deflation and gluts 
are now the typical condition. 

Accordingly, more realistic 
results will be obtained by 
thinking that refers to periods 
when inflation has been under 4 
per cent: such recent years were 
1971 and 1972. and earlier, the 
whole period from 1952 
through 1967. During those 
times the yield on a 10-year US 
Treasury bond was 3 per cent 
to 6.5 per cent. 

Maxwell Newton 

TENDERS MUST B E LODGED AT THE BANK OF ENGLAND. NEW ISSUES iEL accompanied by the letters of allotment. Letters of allotment accompanied by a completed 
M ATLtKG STREET. LONDON. EC4M 9AA NOT LATER THAN 10.00 A.M. ON reyhti atlon form, may be lodged for regbtrattoii forthwith and kn any caae they mint be 
WEDNESDAY. 22ND JANUARY 1986. OR AT ANY OF THE BRANCHES OF THE BANK lodged for registration not later than 28th February 1988 


ISSUE BY TENDER OF £400,000,000 

Tender forms and copies of this prospectus may be obtained at the Bank of England. New 
Issues- Walling Street London. EC4M 9AA. or at any of (he Branches of the Bank of 
England, or at the Glasgow Agency of the Bank of England. 26 SL Vincent Place. GUsgow. 
Cl 2EB: at me Bank of Ireland. Moyne Buildings. 1st Floor. 20 Callender Street Belfast 
BTl BBN-. at MuUeoaiCo.. 16 Mawgate. London. ECZRXAN'.ar at any ofOcaot The Stock 
Exchange tn the United Kingdom. 

m per cent EXCHEQUER STOCK, 


Government Statement 
Attention is drawn to the statement issued by Her Majesty's Treasury on 29Ui May 1986 
which explained that in the Interest of the orderly conduct of fiscal policy, neither Her 
Malesty's Government nor the Sank of England or their respective servants or mjenb 
undertake to disclose tax changes decided on but oof yet announced, even where they may 
spednealb aUed the terms on which, or the conditions under which, this Stock is Issued or 
sold by or on behalf of me Government or the Bank', that no responsibility can therefore be 
accepted for any omission to make such disclosure: and that such omission shall neither 
render any trans act io n babte to beset aside nor give rise la any claim for compensation 




t7Ut January 1986 sroefc k jin 1m raiment falling within Pari U of the First Schedule to the Trustee 
tmeotmcnto.Acl 1961. Appttcatlon has been made to the Council of the Stoc* Exc ha nge for 
i fie stock to He admitted to the (Moat List 



receive lenders for Uw above Stock. 

The principal of and interest on me Slock win be a charge on me National Loans Fund, with 
recourse to ino Consolidated Fund ol me Untied Kingdom. 

The Slock win be repaid at par on 22nd November 1990. 

T i >e Steel, von be registered at the Bank of England or al me Bank of Ireland. Belfast and 
-..ii be transferable, m multiples of one penny, by instrument in writing 111 accordance with 
i he Siocfc Transfer Act 1963 Slack, registered at the Bank or England held for the account 
of numbers or me Central CUU Office Service win also be transferable. In muttlptes of one. 
ccmiv. by ■.■’tempi transfer in accordance with me Stock Transfer Ad 1982 and U>e 
tclcianl subordinate legislation. Transfers will be free of stamp duty. 

Intern) will he payable halt-yearly on 22nd May and 22nd November income tax will be 
rteducied tram payments of more than £5 per annum. Interest warrants will be transmitted 
post The flrsl micros! payment will be made on 22nd May 1986 at the rate of £0.8220 
;:er£l roof) he Stock 

This form must bs lodged at ths Bank of England, Nave lasuas (EL Wading Sued, 
London, EC4M 3AA not latar than 10.00 AM ON WEDMSDAY, 22nd JANUARY 
1988, or at any of tfaa Brancbsa of dm Bank of England or at dm Oasgowr Aganoy of 
dm Bank of Btghmd not latar than SJtO PM ON TUESDAY, 21 BT JANUARY 1 MS. 

ISSUE BY TENDER OF £400,000,000 

2 Yz per cent Exchequer Stock, 

Tenders must bo lodgod at tha Bank of England, Now hum (EL Wading Stomal, 
Lcndcn, EC4S3 9AA not lator than 10.00 AM ON WEDNESDAY, 22ND JANUARY 
US6. or atony of the Branches of tha Bank of England or at dm Glasgow Agancy of 
i ha Benfe cf Englond not latar than 3-30 P.M. ON TUESDAY, 21ST JANUARY 1988. 
T craters win not be revocable batwaan 10.00 am. on Wednesday, 22nd January 
13S6 and 10.00 a.m. on Monday. 27th January 1986. 

Each tondor must ba for one amount a nd a t one price. Tha mMnam price, ha low 
which tenders vrffl not ba accepted, is £77.00 par cant. Tenders moat ba made at 
the minimum price or at higher prices which are multiples of 2Sp. Tenders lodged 
without a price being s t a ted will ba deemed to have been made at tha minimum 




1/ We tender tn accordance with the terms cf the ptwpectw dated 17lh January 1986 
as follow*: - 

Amonat of above- m ent io ned Stock tendered for, befog a minimum of £100 

Tandsrs must bo accompanied by p a yment In fid, La. the price t en d e red [ minimum 
of £77.QOi for every £100 of tha nominal amount of Stock te n dered fee. A aepeiet a 
chocpie must accompany each tend er; cheques must be drawn on a bank In, and be 
parable in, tha United King d o m, tha Channel (elands or the Isle of Man. 

and ina imritipta as fotawa:- 

Amount of Stock tendered tar 
0,000-EI 0,000 
£50,000 or grsatar 




£ 1,000 




Tenders must be for a minimum of £100 Stock and for mtdtiples of Stock as 

Amount ol Stock tendered tor 


£100— £1,000 




£3. 000-£ 10,000 


£10, 000- £50, 000 


£50,000 Or grratar 


Sum enclosed, being the amount raqob-ad for 
pa yme nt in fad. La- the price tendered (minimum 
of £77.00) for every £100 of tha nominal aiwurm t 
of Stock tendered for (shown in Bo* 1 above): - 

h vvg requett that any wicr of anoiment In respect « Stock aBoned U> ntl us ba sent 

The price tendered per £100 Stock, being a 
multipie of 25p end not less than the minimum 

Her Majesty's Treasury resen e the right lo relecl any tender or part of any tender and may I** 0 * 

ificrcfore filial to tenderer* less nun Uw lull amount of the Stock. Tenders will be ranked m 
>!r«ccju!thg enter ef price and allotments wilt be made lo tenderers whose lenders are at or 

the lowest price al which Hor Malesty's Treasury decide that any lender should be by P»l at my ■ otu rm» u» me. us al the address shown below 
diceplfj ■ Lite allotment price), which will be not less than the minimum tondor price. AH 
ulloimenls win be made at the allotment price, lenders which are accepted and which arc 
mode ai prices above the allotment price will be allotted in full: tenders made at the 
-lilcunem price may be allotted tn full or In part only. Any balance of Stock not allotted to 
"'idrrers will be allotted at the allotment price lo the Governor and Company of the Bank 
* f England. Issue Department 

Idlers of allotment in respect of Stock allotted, being the only form In which the Slock may 
he transferred prior to registrauon. will be despatched by pest at the mk Of the tenderer, but 
!he despatch of any tetter of allotment and the refund of any excess amount paid may al the 
discretion of the Bank of England be withheld until the tenderers cheque has been paid, m 
liw event of such withholding, the tenderer wtu be notified tty letter by DM Bank of England 
of the acceptance of his lender and of the amount of Stock allocated lo him, suMect In each 
wr>c lo payment of hfe cheque, but such notification vrtU confer no rtglrt an the tenderer Vo 
transfer the Slock so allocated. 

i . January 1986 


of. or on behalf of. tenderer 


No allotment will be made for a less amount Ulan £10D Stock. In the event «f partial 
allotment, or Of tenders al prices above the allotment price, the excess amount paid wHL 
when refunded, be remitted by cheque despatched by post al the risk of the tenderer: If no 
allotment is made the amount paid as deposit win ba returned likewise. Non payment of 
presentation of a cheque In respect ef any Stock aliened will ruder Uw allotment of such 
Slock liable lo cancellation. Ininesi at a rale equal to Die London Inter -Bank Offered Rale 
for seven day deposits In sterling i -LIBOR") plus 1 per cent per annum may. however, be 
charged on the amount payable in respect of any allotment of Slack for which payment Is 
accepted after the due date. Such rate will be determined by the Bank of England by 
reference to market quotations, on the due dale for such payment, tor LIBOR obtained from 
sue h source or sources as the Bank of England shall consider apy t u p rt a w. 

Letters of allotment may be split into denominations of multiples of £100 on written request 
Twwcd by the Bank of England. New issues. Walling StreeL London. EGAM 9AA. on any 
dale not later than 26Ui February 1966. Such requests must be signed and must be 






A s e parata cheque must accompany 
each tender. Cheques should be 
made payable to “Baric ef England" 
Ortd Otowed “New l aian ". Cheques 
must be dra wn on ■ bank In. end be 
payable in, 'rite United Kingdom, the 
Channel lalsnds or the Isle of Stan. 

The price tendered must be a 
mdtipto of 25p sod dot leas than the 
mfo ft no m tondor price, tf no price la 
atatad, t Na tand ei wW b ada aa iadto 
have baan made at the mfohtnim 
tender price. Each t e n der moat be 
for owe am o unt end at one p rice. 

\ ‘Jr 

( TEMPUS ~ ) 

Gilts: peace whatever the edit 

Modern governments tend to 
thrash around in office, trying 
to reconcile their sectarian 
origins with the broader de- 
mands of r unning the country 
Eventually, they settle on an 
identity which in the past has 
overwhelmed various adminis- 
trations by its conceptual 

The Callaghan Government, 
for example, resembled at one 
point a Lambeth co-operative; 
the Heath Government soun- 
ded like an embattled East 
Midlands engineering com- 
pany: and the Wilson year? 
recalled a country house pany 



Bankers’ Exc’quor Note* ft 

. ftapo 

1st Shor- 



















' 3 





■— . 








— ’ 

■ 700 








' 950 

. 1100. 






■ 450 ; 



■ -402 




— • 

























Flat. .. 







- - 







' -70 




been spending their 
corrency holdings quite 

Iv. ' ; , v. 

This seemingly /jnnocutrig 

piece of folklore is tied In whh 
the feci that during the past 
week or so. tbe Bantfhas had 
great difficulty in. rating 
daily forecasts rigbejhis kind 
of mismatching ; i* associated 
with heavy mteeventidti ^j^! 
the foreign 0 chah«»;' , & m& , 
thing which the marketj nmrit-l 
ively after last week, 
confirm. ■•'VP'?- Vi. 

for ageing trend-setters. 

The Thatcher regime is no 
exception. Increasingly, it 
looks like a jumbo merchant 
bank with a disaster-prone 
board, natty* West End prem- 
ises, and a couple of very large 
corporate clients. 

But the merchant bank or 
issuing house analogy works on 
a quite separate. plane, in so fer 
as it goes some Way towards 
illustrating the Thatcher 
Government’s quixotic, ex- 
pansive and at times quite 
cavalier approach to credit. 
Some - years ago, when the 
miners threatened to go on 
strike, money was virt uall y 
flung at them to discourage 
industrial action. 

Last week saw a series of 
manoeuvres by the Bank of 
England which made it abun- 
dantly clear that the Govern- 
ment was willing to pay 
virtually any price - just like 
Lord Hanson for. his Westland 
slake - to try to keep rates 

In a bid lo flood the short end 
of money markets, the clearing 
banks and the larger of their 
brethren were offered three- 
month money at 1216 per cent 
Interbank rates of the amc 
maturity were 13 per cent for 
most of the week. Doubtless, 
the banks had no compunction 
about locking in a '6 point turn 
on £l billion at the taxpayers’ 

The Bank’s tactics,: in the 
short term, were successful. 

Rates did not touch that 
familiar benchmark of 14 per 
cent although they came close 
to it The spirit of St Ignatius 
Loyola appears to be in good 
shape in Downing Street. Ends 
still justify means. 

But the long-term effect of 
the Government’s mercurial, 
or simply confused, policy on 
credit is starting to look very 
worrying indeed. In part, this 
shows up in the latest set of 
detailed money supply figures, 

their bills to the Bank, they 
immediately issue more, not 
least because this helps to 
refinance the original bills 
which are running off. The 
issue department’s holdings are 
thus a proxy for more credit 
created elsewhere. 

Back to the statistics again. 
The beginning of the calendar 
year is normally marked by 
heavy tax payments by the 
corporate sector to the Ex- 
chequer. These leave the 

The problem for 'the aiith- 
orities is that they do jiorknow 
the provenance ;of - the extra 

shortages, which % arc tlten 

obliged to lake - out add- 
itional interveotfoni£M3 isnot 
reduced by the outfl'ows and 
rates rise, - as they/, did, a. 
fortnight ago; in reactiob to fee 
. authorities’ aggressive , .-pur- 
chases of bills. - Y v.: 5 

market short and the .Bank 
for banking December. Bank ~ QUt ^ shortage by 

lending is very buoyant and buying {^Us. This is how^the 

public sector demand for credit 
is undiminished. 

The bill mountain is starting 
to grow again, and the steriliz- 
ing operations on credit growth 
took fairly inadequate. Gilt 
sales in banking December 
were just £244 billion, after 
November's £700 million. 

Defining exactly how the 
private sector component of 
credit creation breaks down is 
important in this context It 
comprises bank pending. - 
which is straightforward - and 
the Bank of England's issue 
department's - holdings of 
commercial bills. Of them- 
selves, the bills do not add to 
monetary growth, since, owner- 
ship of -the stock has merely 
shifted from the- private to the 
public sector. - 

But the dynamics of the 
situation mean that as soon as 
the discount houses have sold 

bill mountain came into being. 

Last year, at the start of 
January, the Exchequer was in 
deficit pearly' every day. But 
this year, as the . table demon- 
strates. a much more varied 
pattern has -developed. This 
leads automatically to the idea 
that in order to offset the 
impact of the flows from the 
market to the Government, the 

Eventually, the dynamics in 
the. situation become- quite 
terrifying. The reserves dedine. 
rates nse, .and: . monetary 
growth beans to afcpgcrate. 
since it has not been- sterilized 
by an- aggressive funding 
programme to Complement fee 
bill purchases. Finally^ at some 
stage, the authorities are forced 
to- cash the cheques . they, have 
been holding arid the; entire 
holding operation- starts aH 
over again. > 

cheques have been held but not 
cashed. Arid if the cheques are 
not cashed, then the public, 
sector borrowing requirement 
for banking January could be a 
very interesting figure indeed. 
But the authorities* underiy- 

Do 15 per cent base rates 
loom on the horizon? Possibly. 
Anything could happen. Until 
the entire messy business ofahe 
authorities' credit - policy be- 
comes dearer, it would seem 
wiser to treat any gilts market 
rally as a selling opportunity, 
rather than as an excuse to get 

Horace sums up the ' di- 
lemma succinctly. . "Ut: tu 

ing position relative to the foriunam, sic nos te,~ Cetse. 
credit aggregates may be even feremus, ” he writes. 

worse. Last year, rates, not 
reserves, were used to defend 
sterling. This time around, as 
the December reserves figures 
showed, the authorities have 

translated, this means:. -" we 
stand , or fell by the way in 
which you handle this dreadful 
muddle”. How true; how very 
true: "• -'V 


r r+ 




Caraalimi op 

£ Company 

Price Cn'ot 
last on 
Friday week 

« P/E 


♦ 1 



Oft 19 114 
3.1a *2 1X9 
U U M 
U 17 1U 
21 E3 1X6 
4 3 11 22.0 
..' .. 3.1 

.. .. S3 

33 -ii 3X8 
U X7 1X6 
10.7 Xfl 2X7 

li zzz 

• -S 

_E 5 L 




3.7k 23 214 
113 24 204 
14 5.1 14 

114k S4 1X5 
24 12.1 154 
04k 7.1 1X5 

04 44 104 

..a .. 4.3 

34 14 224 







8317.006 »W|| 


1408400 BoanaasComp 
XX374O0 CCAO«Nn«i 
129 b CM-Ucni 
6.660400 CPS Comp 
4463,000 CPU Comp 
19-Sai CVO 


11410 Cinron SOHifeH 
2.160400 (kmnmr 


31.7B cmiiv 
1X7m Cteneary 6oci 
130X000 dan FaiSc* Lynen 
3J0X000 CTBOtp** 6urap« 
312400 CHM> UW iw ti 
3.747400 - 




XI 1X4 

X« 2X1 

24 234 

as 4Xi 

22 144 

5.4 lOJ 

21 144 





24 1X7 
6.1 64 

34 174 
44 X« 



.. .. 4.0 

S4k 4.1 
2J 14 154 
14 U 44 

.. .. 47 

S3 64 314 



74 34 

44 124 

36 3X3 
32a 43 

4320400 cnem 
ZZJkm CBytamPmp. 
747X000 CBJIBUF— 
114a crfOX 

14 X2 
44 144 

• -IS 

29 £6 203 
24 75 «4 

X5 06 ixe 
7.1k11J 93 

5 J 13 193 
33 43 124 
2.5 24 195 
74 £f 2S5 

21 11 1X1 

74 73 X4. 

2M 3.1 2X4 
60 54 275 

14 14 124 

..a .. 27* 
14 12 134 

14 24 84 

74 54 114 

• +5 
_ +'i 



• *3 

14 14 104 
23 61 113 
29k 24 124 
5 0 45 £3 

107 6.0 124 

XI 15 2X4 
04 17 154 
171 55 

31 34 124 

.4 .. 1X0 
71 27 220 

02. Xfl 
34 XX 119 
39 .. .. 

2te »« 94 

14 11.0 54 

04 35 10 0 

14 X2 134 

SD0 115 


13 277 
44 XI . 67 
3* 64 194 

46 176 22 


. 217 
47 84 

3 5 364 

Capitalization - ■ 

£ - Company 

Price CJToe 
Iasi on 

Friday week 

Gross Dtv 
dtv yVl 

<« P/E 

£3 17.000 












£14 . 






eoUMEMwn cl 

Onrr/ta Sartaoa 

OamacH CSHP 














• «5 





5553400 IBmjf 4 Thmp 











• -S . 

- -a- 

24 164 
35 1X7 
8.7 2X1 
..a .. . 64 
22 34 135 
34 64 134 

33 34 3E3 
07 43 34.1 
X2i 3.1 121 

3.0 24 IM 

44b 44 T24 
44 44 93 

34 44 Tt-1 

















I W«a»i 

• - 10 . 

• -2 
• +2 . 


• -*2 

64k X3 X2 
-xo 14 314 
14 44 134 
At- 37 144 
1.7 4.1 122 
53 44. 1U 
04 14 307 
W4 36 163 
Life 44 366 
103. £7 294 
1X7 2A 214 
XT. 14 23.1 








tuaa pi l j ias. 





+1 - X* 

• ... - £7 

♦10 93 

44 *63 


17 JM 

Da 7* 



• - 



• +1B 

*461400 J3D 

M l 400 




4.4. 93 
44 214 
14 -294 
01 114 

X4 «14 

24 157 
34 124. 
24 255 
£4 74 


£1b 0 9 994 
£1 1.1 226 
X 0« 1X0 -24 

ilk !! “ 

06 05 2X4 
7.7 22 1X3 

..■ .. ' £3. 













Krt SES" 



0 4 24 814 
M 7 33 204 
■03 14 264 
74 64 114 
04 14 17.1 
.. -X9 

34 44 146 
83 74 74 

24 Ol 08 
34 14 292 
£1 OO 154 
104 XI ixs 
17 £4 109 
1 * 13 155 

40 44 IIJ 
34k 07 1X7 

OO 94 104 

■i ..19* 
04 07 109 
94 02 75 

£9 £1 144 




34 144 
Ol 34 
44 1X6 
... .. 795 

47 4* 1X1 









34 2X4 

24 1X7 

25 199 

24 174 
XI 74 

a- u 

9.1 36 

£1 199 
44 104 

34 49 124 
14 24 199 
2.1 X8 4X1 

44 £1 11.1 

14 64 95 

33 94 125 
3* 1* 177 
3* 15 IS* 
f3a £1 195 
53 35 99 




15 2X9 
4.9 114 
74 109 


34 114 
24 223 
94 S7 
94- 94 

1000 1L1 


43 4.6 129 
13 1 0 174 

34k S3 14.7 
■ • .. 2X0 

22 XI 600 


£ Company 

Pdn Cam* Grass Dtv .• 
last OO dtv - jrld 
. Friday «n*k pact P/E. 

127m OAtVM&UM 




74«400 .Potor Rufous 

X250400 .MCUH 
542X000 Panamas 
iota PartftatO) 

809000 PUMUh 

as-, saw 

£460406 Partooffl •“ 









• -3 



19 266 
-SO 103 
43 1U 

44 .03 SJ 
50. Ol. 1<2. 
40 L6 

..a ... <2 

a +2 

.29 13.173 
46 48 120 
19a 22 374 
17 X3 SI 
33 21 .222 

24 93 


.. ..105 

,24 OO 190 
45 1X3 35 

44 33 M 
• ... „ 3 U 
.04 02 313- 
24 .17 209 
2*b 3J 203 
<AU <U. 
24 20 392 

.1.4 33 TXT 
93 34.114 
. . . . 41 . . 

44.134 -114 . 
34 45 113.. 
1,0 . 26 93 ■ 
74 75 18# . - 
24 £2 «« 

. .. 5*2 . 
01 -02 . 
or 74 .74. 
99 44 03 . 



04 121 
.97 194- 


X3 35 350 
14 ; 24 W3 
44 02.123. 
04 44 15 

S3, 34. SH4 
. 23'. 14 »» 
.03 07 . 33 
- 1.» 43 J74 
34k £3 134 
04 ,04 37 
.43 4.T mr 
73 51 . 42 
■34 33-174 
29 4.1 110 
34 . 34 103 
16- if . 39 
29 32 10* 

^ “ 24 

XO 93 nr- 



3* 14 2*7 
£9» 08. V2 
,94' '14 463 
44 ■ 01 143 

TaekForBoa ' 

Ttarm atenMc 

1Ta S?2 

♦IF 21 tl 2X0 
« -1 -03 24 m 

-* .-TO .51 W 

-3 £4 20 S13 

• ' 04 197 M 

.. .105 -XI . ■ 

-2 .' 04 94 . 113 

+32 '-42 14 01J 

« +S .21 09 111 
" ' +20 -23k-. 14 St I 

• tfi 53b 13 2M 

tl »#.. 

• -1 ' 4.1b 34 77 

• -T.. .15 .34 134 

-2 »3 -M . 

14 .- 44 »3 

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74«4» Troon 
6319,000 Tyne 7 
171m UDO 
13* .COO um 

66.71a tin ro a m 
43S2000 WPattM 

■3S-400 TlaSSr . . ' 
21 Jb *'afn nan ' 
736*400 VBapST 
Ufoin Kr . 

XK4.00Q Wsfeac 
itf WO waerroduraa 
B407.M0 WManaW'sFboda 

tSB $ ~ 

13 Bm 

♦9 . £4.34 178 

■'ik: 33 a# 





taaidoa PrSap 






TodOttft . 117 

TopsEmmw S3S 

TtBnon«lB3ac - 33 

Tnaoa MOMM 141 


54 14 CJ 
.. . 154 W3 49 

** ■'■ '<94 -21 16* 
56 , 94 . 6* 

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+3 . .55 3.7 

■=6 • • --'14s 15 .65- 
#+15 . 44 . DJ 39* 

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S5r . ’S-. •:?. 

IVUNUaOar 163 +U . ■ 94 20 2*9 
79 +1 . SA *4 M6 

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£ Company 

Price Gt’ac. 
last an 
Friday v**aK 

dtir yid _• 
Panto «b P/E 

109.1 m 
77 4m 
S i to 
1893 m 

Amor Trial 








Br 6npk«Sae 










• -1 
• -1 



- 144h 
107 Aa 








39 2m 


Craocam Japan 

teytoa japan 




• -2 


IS. 4a, 
130 fea 
73 »s 
1947 m 

Fbs Sax Anar 
Prat tin 9tn 
FlanOg Amaricai 


n pnlnB Man a nOb 



















20 27 
36ia 39 
44 32 
XI 23 
44 29 
04 03 
1A 29 
14 0* 

5.1 27 
27b 46 
67 2Z 

203b 5.7 
2th 34 
33b 34 
306b 43 

1.1 OB 
109 96 



• -! 
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— •v-V:-VV-THETIME^bltoAYJANPARY20 1986 


he Cft Score belies England’s achievement 

- J^i&YMLHands • / 

;h ' RpgbyCorregpoiident : 

'■ ‘ n GJv - 

*? : : , lf W . Th kt intangible commodity, 
;l -Unn^ ftamspiriLfroany gave.England 
aS U* J 3 eir slender but richly deserved 
-.««•' Wttks 'at an 
: r.oj fe^yeicast,. windswept Twicken- 
V Vk ‘on Saturday. The product 

l < n^Jtftei Striving desperately for 
: ‘ 3 fwJrorporaie ; identity since the 
. ^?)ixat-up of the 1980 Grand 
■' : -t L^ilam' team.' Wales ' have long 
seeking the elusive magic' 
^^l .y^hich identified their golden 
fades' of the seventies.- Each ' 
: ^y%eeded -a win at . the start of the 

u^ive nations championship to 
' • i^nject confidence; it didr not 
ft, natler much how the win 
irrived - 

^ & - How frequently have England 
■ ,r, 'Piw,iggested success against Wales 
• "i?Ka ijfcly io see victory poached 
beneath their noses? It 
: • Me Lilniost . happened again,' when, 

- Jala Slaving led for most of the game, 

:r alls iJ.^owen scored the only try and 
- TOQtaK'SLorcd the lead to Wales, with 
■■ minutes left. England ig-'- 

r 50 red Thofbum's conversion; 
hey were grouped round their 
, i fining . captain, -Melville, who 
.poke to Them about pride. How 
;• r^ell they responded;' 

By then they knew they had 
ipne secure base. from which to' 
'ii; . f jperate: the lineout which they ' 
■'' ^dominated. Dooley and Hall 
■ ■ ,» ^oved up"' and down, leaving 
Vole Jough in the middle to . 
provide some excellent balL I 
MM^niade England?s advantage here 
Sa-SSF O- 1 2 ~ &a4 Wales. fbroKL.jsa.- 
“•“■“■rreqiiemlyr -on-ttoe " defensive.^ 
■ 77 -p-in variably found themselves . 

■ . kicking for the area where 
' ^.England could expect- to regain 

• J . possession. • - 

, It would have paid Wales in 
m 'the second half to have rained 
. r down Ganyowens on Huw. 

• Davies. Having given England 
a the wind in the first half they 

were satisfied to turn round 

• .only 12-9 down, with their 

young halves, onathan Davies 
•and Jones.- playing composed^ 
thoughtful ragby.. Bat though 
. the English full back had spilled 
a couple of balls in the first half 
- and did so once again later, he 
, . plained his poise and England’s 

t '■ Sickling - by all the forwards 
prevented Wales from develop-, 

. ing momentum in the loose. 

Salmon fleft) is about to be brought crashing by Bowen's tackle (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

In a season in which violence 
has attracted so many headlines 
it was a pleasure to see such a 
competitive but clean contest 
for' which Bob . Fordham, ' the 
referee, must take much credit. 
Even if there was a degree of 
uncertainty' about which- side 
was pulling down in. the front 
row, the players knew he was 

He was not helped (and Rhys 
.Williams, chairman-- of the 
Welsh- selectors made the- point 
afterwards) by the maul law 
which so frequently brought 
play to a stop. But be obeyed -it 
and if he got the bird from the 

crowd on several occasions it 
shows only that large numbers 4 
of people do not know the law. 

If the match did not produce 
much flowing rugby it was 
never short of excitement. The 
England backs had the confi- 
dence to use the ban, though I 
was surprised to see H alii day 
cutting back to the forwards so 
frequently. There was no lack of 
cover and Hallida/s forte is the 
outside break. . 

Of lhe'Wdsh backs we saw 
little, though Devereux hinted 
athis ability with one punishing 
run out of defence. England's 
one lapse of conce ntr a t ion came 

when Thorbum was missed 
joining his line; he set up the 
position for the lineout where 
the quick thinking James threw 
to Pickering. Jonathan Davies 
cut past confused England 
forwards and Bowen burst clear 
to the posts. 

England will remember that, 
as they will their untidy lineout 
play early in' the second half. 
Their future opponents will 
remember the bool of Andrew: 
his first penaly, right footed, 
was an immense kick dow- 
nwind from some 60 metres. 
Two penalties and a dropped 

SiWatesfbrcedtG takeback seat 

Any ' assessment of die Welsh 
performance starts and ends in the 
lineout, . where England were 
overwhelmingly superior. It was as 
frustrating an afternoon for the 
Welsh supporters *$ it was for those 
who saw. their team pday Romania in 
Bucharest . three years ago. Then, 
too, Robert. Norster, was sorely 
missed. Ohrid Waters, who has 
played splendidly for Newport this 
y ear! was curiously aonquoos, and 
Mark Brown, chosen pr im arily to 
give a . positive alternative in the 
lineout, .never materialized against 
the' ascendancy of Dooley and 

Wales had aduered their task of 
containing England to a mere three- 
point lead ,at half-time, which is no 

By Gerald Davies 

comforting cushion - to any team 
having to hue thestrong wind in the 
second 40 minutes. But the ball 
rarely came Wales's way and even 
when the goal had been achieved 
Wales could not get Into .the driving 
scat against' the determined charac- 
ter’ of an;. Ejt glkih pe r for m ance 
epitomized ' -in Andrew’s, sharp 
tactical itotfqifess, which was full of , 
prtK^icaHtks - Bwi "little fanciful 
thinking.';' t ' "• 

.The. Welsh midfield, however, did ‘ 
look good. ■ Devereux, with his 
thumping tackles ahd positive 
search for runs, bad, within the 
obvious - Welsh liautaitoiis of. 
possess ion, * M atch which indicated 
a rare maturity. 

Robert -Jones, too;, had an 
impressive start to Iris international 

career. His swift pass to either side 
is like that of Loverfdge, whom be so 
much admires. Some might say that 
he, and his partner Davies, kicked in 
the second half only to emu another 
fruitless lineout. And who was to say 
then «M such English domination 
vrouH continue. 

-. Elsewhere, Jones is a. bundle of - 
energy as he' showed ' m the 
haiareiitg of his opposite number. 
'Melville, at the base of the scrums 
as well as his prodfghms covering of 
those empty widths of the field, 
where England threatened hot never 
quite managed to expose. Yet when 
all is said and don there are signs of 
hope in this Welsh team and with 
Vetter lineout possession a chance el 
possible glory too. 

goal gave Wales a 9-6 lead 
midway through the first half 
and after Andrew had stretched 
England second-half lead to 13- 
9. Wales scored nine points in 
five minutes io nose ahead. 
Dangerous play at a maul gave 
Andrew a kick which equalled 
the world record for penalties. 

Then Melville, who had a 
marvellous match, full of pace 
and vision, pushed Wales into 
their own 22. He was nearly 
over the line, as was Colclough, 
before Huw Davies skittered 
down the middle of the field, 
his forwards won the maul and 
Andrew, switching back to his 
left foot, dropped the 30-metre 

SCORERS: England: penMthra: Andrew 
(6). Dropped gout Andrew. Wales: Try: 
Bowen; Conversion: Thorbum; 

Penalties: Thorbum (3£ Dropped goaf; 
J Davies. 

ENGLAND: G H Davies (Wasps); S T 

D MehriBu (Wasps, captli P A S Randall 
(Wasps). S E Brain (Ctivenhy), - G s 
Pearce (Northampton). J P Han (Bath), 
W A Dooley (Preston Grasshoppers). M 
J Coldougn (Swansea), P J wintorbot- 
totn (Headlngtey). G L Robbins 

WALES: P H Thorbum (Neath); P I 
Lewis (Uanaffi). j A Devereux (South 
Glamorgan Institute), B Bowen (South 
Wales Police), A M HacBuy (Cardiff); J 
Davies (Neath), R N Jones (Swansea); J 
Whitefoot (Cardtn. W J James 
(Aberavon). 1 H Ekbnan (Cardiff). M 
Brown (PontypooJ). S J Perldns 
{PontypooQ, Dll Waters (Newport). D F 
Pick Bung (UantfD. capt). (P T Davies 

Referee: R J Fordham (Australia). 

By Bryan Stiles. 

Scotland — ... — ..18 

France;.—.;.............—.. .....17 

It was not. really surprising that. 
3 ihc French players should refuse to 
•' J come out of their dressing rpom at 
, Murrayfidd on Saturday to explain 
•' ! how they had. contrived to mm what 
should have been a comfortable 
1 • victory imo an ezutansssiEg defeat 

Many of them presumably had 
-.the excuse that, having shot 
themselves iu the foot so often, they 
i should not be asked to endure any 
. more pain and humiliation. They 
limped away seething at the way the 
' maladroit and sometimes dangerous 
“activities of their forwards have 
.’- once again shrouded their superior 
- .footballing skills in defeat. Le Coq 
bad indeed been reduced to a 

• feather duster by exasperating 
. indiscretions which brought retri- 

• - hution via the end of the Scottish 
- fullback Hastings' boot. 

The referee. David Burnett, 
seemed to spend an inordinate 
’.-amount of time lecturing France's 

• luckless new captain Dutaroca on his 
. unsavoury pursuits and those of his 
J colleagues. Repeatedly going offside 

ai mauls was bad enough but raking 
• J and kneeing opponents in the 
presence of the referee was suicidal. 

The whole of Scotland and in 
'. • particular Hastings had cause to be 
- . grateful. The full back. came within 
■ one point of equalling the world 
’ record of 19 points scored by a 

player on his international debut. 
His six; penalty goals, provided 
Scotland with all their, points and 
.gave-lbexO' the most slender of 
victories oyer France,. who scored 
two' tries a dropped goal' and . two 
penalty goals. 

The record, set by Keith Jarre tt of 
Wales m'1967, should' have been 
broken by the unflappable Hastings 
but from the seemingly simple kick 
at goal -near the end he put the ball 
wide. Hastings thought his side were 
at least five points iiLlhe lead at that 
stage instead of being -just- a single 
point ahead. The electronic score 
board bad foiled to function and he 
had lost track of the points tally. Set 
in the context of such a form-upset- 
ting victory .'over. France the 
establishing of a personal record 
might seem a trivial matter but it 
would haye been a fining reward for 
the Cam bride University captain. 

He had tackled bravely, and he 
heeded to when . the Fhmcb 
juggernaut of a pack threatened to 
get out of control, he produced some 
delightful, line lucking and exuded 
-an air of confidence that bolstered 
his side with the battle at its hottest 
in the last quarter when the' French 
were at their most volatile. 

Id fact the tackfiog and the 
resoluteness of the Scottish players 
were among the outstanding 
features of the game. Duncan, the 
wing, produced three crushing bios 
to French hopes in those ■ frenetic 
closing stages as they realized that in 

Trouble for selectors 

By Inn McLauchlan ' 

That Scotland battled back to Tbe back line which really did 

beat France after losing' six have a regotarearagh supply™ haU 
internationals in a row and to cause any threat to the French 
«i needing the softest try within a also lacked flat assurance and 
minute: of the kick .off. sj**te : ft»ency in Jgand^ > tirattireM«a)Ml 
[ i ok>.;ae*rfor theft 1 spirit.' ■»’ r’ ' " ; -'fifDuoamJsj^iiii iftii riiiaing 

I A matter of concern fig Scotland utilised.' 
is the lack of a middle-of-tbe-fine ' •• 

jumper. Haget and Condom were Wt ■ New caps Scot Hasttags arri Matt 
m dominate the lineout despite the Duscan v'erescexLmxitiy 
faet that neither of these phyere is * 

regarded ns i sneemfist. Another It .«* to be_ hoped, however, that they 

area of concern must be foe tight m* 

scrum where, though CoBn Deans notonfyinchasmgtoghloeks. 
snceesriully defended the pat in, the - .. .... . , .... 

Scots looked less than comfortable. The iVench mw^fon^iafo foefr 
The new loose head prop David team a llankc r with p gce who can 
Sole, however, was seen 1 to much ttavareu Aa 
efTect in the loose. haJad to . 

spite having scored the game’s two 
tries they wefe about to lose. 

Tbe Scots owed a great deal to' 
their six new caps who brought a 
raw committment and zest .which 
for much of the time stifled - the 
more creative skills ■ of their 

The Scots, and Hastings, also 
managed to .survive one of the 
cheekiest and quickest tries seen in 
an inienuttionoL The fill) hack put 
the ball directly into touch from tbe 
kick off and while most of the Scots 
trooped back to -their centre of the . 
field for the conventional scrum, the 
French opted for a lineout on half 
way and a squadron of tbeir players 
set off like - cavalry down the 
louchlme. almost unopposed, for 
Berbizier to score In the corner. 

France's other try came midway 
through the second half when 
Blanco, whoso attacking oppor- 
tunities bad been severely restricted, 
suddenly appeared in a French back 
division move and with a typical 
piece of magic created the opening 
for Sella to score in the corner. 

France’s' other porn is were 
provided . by Laporte ' who lucked 
two penally goals and a dropped 
goal. Scotland led . 12-7 at the 
interval thanks to Hastings mid 
when France crept to within a point 
ai' lyi*' Hastings obliged again 
before Laporte rounded off the 

It was a barbed comment from 
the French coach, Fonroux, which 
summed up France’s attitude after 
-the match. M Ii is a pity that a team 
which scores both tries should lose.' 
If we had ‘scored four tries I expect 
the referee would have . given more 
penalties to Scotland. But I am not 
complaining." Self-inflicted wounds 
are never easy to bear-and France 
will have to endure many more until 
/they . can,. jUld discipline . w the 
nataritifteeflqwmgs fi Hsrhatmake 
them such a joy to watch. 

UnNare&y and WBtKmbnafcl 
ot Scofludt p I Jonmati 

Paying the penalty for 
confusion over laws 

By David Hands 

On a day when the sides scoring 
tries - that is Wales and France - 
lost their respective matches, the 
comments of. Rhys Williams, tbe 
chairman of the Welsh selectors, 
were particularly pertinent. After 
seeing Wales’s defeat, he said: 
“There is possibly something wrong 
with the discipline of tbe players I 
saw today or there is a question 
mark over the complexity of the 
laws or the game which worries me 

The disdptinc of the English and 
Welsh players was good, but 
differing interpretations of laws 
which Are constantly being revised, 
amended or added to must lead to 
increased misunderstandings _ and 
consequently more opportunities to 
kick at goal. 

Several of the . successful kicks at 
Twickenham were, however, the 
direct result of pressure applied as 
distinct from technical - offences. 

Goaf kkkers winning games is 
not new. Okey Gcffin (South Africa) 
kicked five penalties to defeat New 
Zealand 1 5-1 1 in 1949. Don 
Clarke's six penalties for New 
Zealand in 1939 beat the British 
Lions (who scored four tries). He 
has since been joined on that mark, 

in International Board matches, by 
Gerald Bosch (South Africa. 1973). 
Gwyn Evans (Wales, 1982), Oltic 
Campbell (Ireland, 1982). Kieran 
Crowley (New Zealand, 1985) and 
now Hastings and Andrew. That 
record has been equalled by Hugo 
Pona (Argentina, 1975) and Jean- 
Michel Aguirre (France v Argentina. 
1975) and surpassed by Porta who 
kicked seven penalties against 
France in 1974. 

In the world tournament next 
year we will have the leading two 
referees - from each International 
Board country handling games. 
They must have common ground 
on which to operate which means 
that, since we are unlikely to get a 
rewrite of the laws, there must be an 
international conference of referees 
preceding tbe world tournament. 

• Nigel Qtrr, ireUbcTs open side 
wing forward last season, empha- 
sised at the weekend that he will be 
in the running for his international 
place before the season is out. Carr 
played his first senior game in seven 
months when he helped Ards clinch 
an Ulster League semi-final place on 
Saturday with a 14-0 win over 




MuB *" r 

-^toaenwrr - * 7& Weep* . 

£& il 

rtfectinXtoose. and be on band to continue their 

Behind the scrum, Laidlsw attd h amOta g movement. Though on 
Rutherford, as fo^haw done on Saturfay they had enough chanc« 
numerous occasions in foe pasL to wm. dm 
narsed their team with a Variety «rf 

bog touch kicks and prodigious the penalties conceded cost them 
Carry Owens. - ** rf 3 r - J . 

(Recta Ota da France). P Sale Moan). P 


£1 S4SSW 




Uphill test 
for the 
pride of 

From John Ballantine 
Palm Springs 

Bernhard Longer and Sandy. Lyle, 
the pride of Europe, were joint 
fourteenth and joint seventeen*. 
Six and seven strokes respectively 
behind the unexpected leader Jodie 
Mudd. of Kentucky, when yester- 
day’s fifth and final round began at 
Bermuda Dunes in tbe Bob Hope 
Chrysler Classic. 

Peter Oosierfauis, who had been 
the star of Thursday’s show when he 
bea Arnold Palmer's old record with 
a brilliant 63 at the Dunes, was 
reasonably well placed after taking a 
71 at Eldorado and was hoping fora 
good finish especially if he could 
recapture his early pulling form. 
Seventy-one plevers qualified on 

As far as the top prize of £74.500 
was concerned, it seemed likely to 
be between eight players grouped 
within four or the lead. Mudd, a 
lanky fellow wiib an extremely 
casual manner who played in the 
Walker Cu of 1981 at Cypress Paint. 
California, said he thought that his 
extra length might be decisive. 

But in five seasons as a 
professional Mudd has not yet won 
a title 

Lyle did not have one of his best 
days, holing only two decent pints 
and according to his caddy Dave 
Musgrove, he was “put off a bit“ by 
his partners who included Andy 
Williams foe singer. In fact. 
Williams holed several long putts 
and this indeed, is off-putting. 

LEADING SCORES; 268 ■ J Mudd 72. 65.63, 
68- 266 - H Sutton 65. 70. B9. 65; J Cook 66. 
67. 65, 69: P Hammond 69, 6«. 68. 68. 271 . C 
Staler 67. 6S. 69.70; G Keen 67. 68. 68_ 68. 
272 - D Graham Mus&aHa) 69. 73, 63. 87. U 
McCuher 09. 68. 67. 63.273 - C Beck 71. 68. 
67. B7. J Thorpe 67. 6®. 70. 67; S Pate 67. 69 
69. 68: J Staten 66. 74. 64, 68; P Azlnger 68. 
71, 68. 68. 274 - B Longer (West Germany) 70. 
70. 66. 68: L Mize 66. «T 71. 71: P Stewart 72. 
64. 71. 74. 27S - A Lyle 71, 67. 67. 70. 260 ■ P 
Oo5mhuts75. 63. 71.71. 


Yorkshire trio 
voted out 

Three members of Yorkshire’s 
general committee were squeezed 
out by a vote of foe majority from 
an emergency meeting at Heading- 
ley yesterday in a further escalation 
of the row over changing foe County 
Cricket Club's rules. 

The three. Peter Quinn. Peter 
Charles and Roy IckringiU, who are 
regarded as supporters of Geoffrey 
Boycott, had said that they were 
prepared to support an alternative 
set of rules that would allow boycott 
to continue as both a player and 
committee member. After the trio 
had refused to resign Grom foe 
committee. Tbe general committee 
voted themselves into a sub-com- 
mittee minus foe three, who left 



624. Shoe 1. K Adana. 20.50m; 2. B OofMo. 
20.07: M Sptrirooo. 19.15. Long jump: 1. J 
TUnm, 7.71; Z K Vnltoy, 7.70: 3. J Grtm5. 
7.82. Polo wide 1, J Buckingham (Con). 181t 
Z D Vote. 18: 3. 0 Lytle. 175. Wonurc 60-yd 
daoh 1. C ChesaoborcHsgh, 6.69; Z Q 
Torrsna. 075: 3. B CSwto. 6.79. B0-yd 
hunflos 1 . P Davia. 7 65: 2. L Mnmn. 7.7th 3. K 
Tumor, 756. 

LOS ANGELES: Invitation mooting (US unless 
stand); Mate 50yd high hunflos: 1. G Foster 
5. Msec (world indoor bast): Z M McKoy (Can). 
5.96: 3, M Stewart. 6.01: 60yd Mgti hunfloc 
Stowan 759; Z CwnpM. 7.13; 3. A PNUtn. 
7.16. 500yd: 1. S Redwtne 56.74; 2. 1 Buniko 
(Ntgarta) 5757: M Row. 56.16. BBOyifc 1. J 
Gray. 1mm 46.8soc (world ndoar bust): Z E 
Jonas. 1:49.1: 3, R Wtedon (GB) 1:495.Two 
tnBttrt. D PwSSa, 8:2859. 2. E Eyostono. 
939.74; a S Nmnbto (Ten). B5&7S6 British 
placing: 5. J Buomor, 8:39.01 .Trtplo (amp: 1 . C 
Simpfcms. 1750m (world indoor bust): Z M 
Caim 1752: 3. R. Cannon. 1654. Woman: 
50yd: 1. P Marshal. 5.83; 2, N Cootnan (Nodi). 
554; 1 Q Devare, 556. 60yd: 1 . Cooman. 6.71; 
2, Davors. 851.3. DWHama, 657. SOOytel.V 
Bittcoo- Hooks. 3451; 2. F Grtftrth, 34.7ft 3. C 
Crooks (Cam. 3550. 880y« 1. J Knnchvflovs 
(Cz). zmM Z K Galaghor. 25657; 3. J 
Jenkins. 2:08.76. mu: 1. L WBtems (CanL 
427.77; Z Wrarren. 4:4054; 3. R Odom, 


TAIPEt Hotel chwnpkHtaWpt RnalK 
Man's stoglra: Sza Vu (Aiq bt I Sooterto findol 
4-15, 17-14. 15-5 Kan*t doabtem ft Sdak and 
J Sidak (Mai) bt Lm Ueuk Chun and Km 
Chung Soo (S Kor) 15-4. 15-5. Woawn’a 
state*: K Larsen (Don) tt H Tioku (GB) 11-12. 
11% 11-4. Woman’s doobtea: Verawnty and 
tvanc (Indot tt S Kttada and H Koolwra (Jap) 
15-11. 1S5. Kml dooMMK W GiSand and N 
Perry (GB) tt HMads (Dan) and E van Dqck 
(NOTl) 1 5-8. 1 5-3. 

Off-colour Munster are punished 

By a Comspondent_V_ 

NOrnOta AMnnianlt Lbkb 
. 11: Aspmrtv 3, Percy Pwlt Si t . 
Southport 4: Bumag* 10, Old GGow tena 0; 
Buy oTrcokUo 14; CaiUo tA WUnra 18: 
Edcms 4. Too H 3; RcmH 

Iris^ ce n tre wto scored 

Queensland aflMnnsti^ annlSi CaOTetl a fine 

Mmaw, inmamnumed Sol^iSKS 

jerseys instead of tbe crimson red, verting an tpr are “ (pojphw. il 

only. ,6001 off_Ihor rfalo F&ST'fSJ 

■ nuURUAi JW. 4^ — V, I 

15 were comfortably ahead 2f6 before 
7 . Am yjernan, foe Irish centre srfio scored 

mmmihhi* 4 .it tminK. w u mwt a fine 

aCOBEBfe lfctnster,Tty 

disjointed approach to tte game . me. 
c gainst Queensland at Mnagrave; first just before halfctipit 

bevouarwai - half and amazed 

. ucyona recau. .. ' vMnrv lw !**«• 

gtioe. He hsd'roriierJddad two gato»(con«fflutkiOi ' .. .... 

seamd halfpettflfoesfo^M to his 

first just before halttime. : , 0 (Stonnoiq. 

cwrirai P O’Hara 

MancMW ft KmN 1ft Ita MMon 7; 
.Kami ft Haaam Moor ft Lata lOUtatesa 3t 
LMtaoreugb s. Mold 3; Uwrpool ia, Vala 3 
Luia 6; Lymm 7, ManahntBr tinhra^ty ft 
MabctostMt iz. MttChasMraCoi ft Matey ft 
Matans 13; Ott AklwUanr -B. North 
ftOM P artwriteteftGrtWkOM 
Bon 7; Otter ft DavMipoCt ft RMon 
- ... nj VicStare 

. .. A P8» ft rirndato 4j 
Dvtofflon 12; W^n ft KM^day 

tftrialORi Mttitown 4. Rusta Porte 0. Eta 
Aim, rtrat dMstou: Do Ls Salte B, Grow* and 
Narawtch a Socond dteteteK Ashton-on Mwr- 
ssy 19. Abogar oott 3; Od BadSans 3. 
Maneneatw YMCA 0. 

SOt/TH WEST* Cta matchau: Ntetan Atita 
0. Bsmstepto 15; Hoyte 12. B&Jafortf 13; 
rafSinr Taunton 54, werington 3. 
sHnouth 1ft Ttvorton 16. Botjmomttai 8: 
Radmth 3, Lydnay ft Trwo 40, RNEC 8; 
Bridgwater 18. Nawtxsy 17; Safatay SB. 
Wlnobrattr 6c WUnbomo ffi. Oowtzas lft 
JXASS MERIT TABLE: Daronport Sarv ft 

DETO^ HEfUT TABLE: Okahamptort 27. 
Exmoutfi 3. 

Nssriyn ft Launcaston 0: St teas 14. St AufUl 6. 

WOh Wffsosufca 1 7. ABDay 1 ft 
TABLE: Brafearw ft Cokhastar ft RocMent 
HinM 6. CtUngtard 8; Romtord ft GUra Park 

2ft Portsmouth Polytechnic 7. 

Chashunt 1ft Baeavtena ft 
Anchorlans ft Btatottenger ft Old 
Gravasandtas B. SJfflMjMna 8; Old 
tooddaiara 26. CM SfmotorahHans 6. 
Shappay 23. Dawr 9. 

Uwqury 13, CM Son** ft Twtekanham 10, 

Contours 4. 

ntens 23. Old Grammarians 0: Campion 56, 
(k Otd JofnuB 17, OU Ba vontera 
ib.w— .J teytx*ian632,Uffi0BB. _ 
MERIT TABLE: Maktsion* 24. SttOttl ana 
EjMsan 4; S0tth*nd 1ft Thurrock 7. 

Boltyinsna 25, Dungtonon ft Ante 14. Armagh 

Club noaa: CoOaotam 12, 0U BaNadare 1ft 

ATP want a share 
of television fees 

From Richard Evans, New York 

Thirteen yean after tbe Associ- 
ation of Tennis Professionals 
boycotted Wimbledon, tbe players' 
union are united behind s new move 
that could bring it into contention 
race again with the All England 
Club and foe world’s three other 
grand shm championships. 

Put simply, foe ATP, a asking, for 
money, something it was accused of 
doing in 1973, although foe issue 
then centred solely on the right of 
selfHletermioation for foe individual 
professional player. 

At a meeting with foe top officials 
of Wimbledon, the US, French and 
Australian Opens, here in New 
York, foe All* executive director, 
Mike Davies and two members of 
his board, Ray Moore and Harold 
Solomon, put forward a formal 
request for a share of fractionally 
less than 10 per cent of foe television 
rights accrued by tbe grand slam 
tournaments each year. 

This involves a great deal of 
money. Wimbledon alone receives 
£8 million from the BBC. the 
American network NBC and world 
rights, while the US Open would 
normally pall in well over $12 
million from CBS and other foreign 
television companies. 

The tournament chiefs were 
aware (hat a request of this nature 
was bound to come sooner or later, 
bnt that has not made them any 
happier about it. I understand 
Buzzer Hadingham, chairman of tbe 
All England Clnb. feels foe 
percentage being asked is excessive 
and his colleagues, Philippe Cha- 
trier of France, Randy Gregson of 
the United States and Australia's 

Brian Tobin win meet again fa a few 
weeks* time to deride what tactics to 
adopt race they have received foe 
request in writing. 

“The meeting was very friendly, 
and no threats were nude,* 1 an ATP 
source told me. “We do not envisage 
this blowing op into a boycott issue. 
Wc Teel we are on very legitimate 
ground as the money frill be used 
solely for a player’s pension fund, 
and wDl not. in any way, be used to 
line the pockets of players who are 
already very well off.” 

Tbe players are very well aware 
that all the bigger tournaments have 
increased prize-money dramatically 
in recent years, bat they also know 
that foe tournaments* profits have 
soared to even greater heights - 
mainly as a result of income from 
television. With other sports in 
America parting with a percentage 
of their television income, tennis 
players finally derided they, too, 
shook! have a slice of the cake. At 
the moment their demands are 
modest. Baseball players, for 
instance, are asking for 45 per cent 
of money earned from TV. 

With John McEnroe and Mats 
Wilander, members of the ATP 
board, aod Ivan Lendl promising his 
full support, the players seem to be 
solid on the issue, and it is difficult 
to see bow foe tournaments can 
refuse their demands outright. With 
crowds and television ratings on the 
rise after the most successful year in 
the history of professional tennis, as 
far as public interest is concerned, it 
seems that no one could afford the 
damaging effect of another boycott. 

Becker next in line 

From Richard Evans 


MANILA: Marathon: 1. E HeBabuyck (Ben. 2 
min 19.00 rac 2. M Arena (It). 2£2l:4ft 3. L 
Waegman (Bon. 222:11. British pteemg: 5, 3 
Bracer. 231-06. Woman: 1. T HuckJe (AusL 
2*658; 2. J Huteort (G®. 25129. Other 
British placta A X Webb. 3:0722. 

JOHNSON CfTY, Temesaam bnitafion 
m o ati ng. Man: 440-jrd daatcl. A McKay. 
45.45000: 2. W McCoy. 48.67; 3. w Smith. 
46-84. MXk 1. S Mann. 3min 53.79oec: 2. A 


UNTIED STATES: National AOMdetten MBAb 
Boston Catties 123, Imftana Pecan 105; Damn 
Pistons 129. Denver Nuggets 113; PhftadatoNa 
7 Sara 12th Chicago Bufls 118 (atK Washington 
BUfete 116, Now Jersey Nets 9& San Areonio 
Spurs 113. New York Knfcka 100: Phoenix 
Sins 103. Seattle Sttarsontes 100: Utah Jazz 
139. Dallas Mavericks 112: Sacramam Kings 
125. Golden State Warriors 111. Saturday: 
Boston Celtics 12S. Atisnta Hawks 122 fc 
New Jersey Nets 124. Denver Nuggets li„ 
Cleveland CavaSera 108. Indiana Pacers 95: 
Houston Rockets 104. New York Knfcfc* 95: 
Portland Tral Blazers 112: Phoenix Suns 87: 
Los Anetfes clippers 131. Utah Jazz 97; 
Sacramento Kings 98, Seattle Supersedes 96 

Brown 78; Norton 'House 54, Patetey 114; 
EdMutfi Clyde 54. Brains 52. Women: MM 
97, Acres 46. 

KUSH CUP: Mom aanHinal Burgtetand (CotM 
84. Dubln Yofriak 81. Ftnofc Sue Damons 
(Cork) <n. Buraertand (Cork) 74. Wonatfe 
final: Eagle Lodge (Dubln) 66. KDester KHMm 

The fact that Ivan Lendl and the 
IS- year-old Boris Becker have 
reached the final of the Nabisco 
Masters tournament reflects foe new 
order of things ai ihe lop of foe 
men's game. Becker is the obvious 
pretender to Lendl's position as 
world No 1. 

Becker re-emphasised his domi- 
nance o^er Anders Jarryd, foe 
Swede who has pressed him hard in 
foe Wimbledon semi-finals, with a 
convincing 6-3. 6-4 victory. Jarryd 
led 3-1 in foe first set. and broke foe 
penultimate game of foe second set, 
with a glorious backhand pass down 
foe line, but in between his timing 
deserted him and Becker was given 
an easier passage to his first Masters 
final than he might have expected. 

In the other semi-final. Lendl had 
to work a great deal harder to beat 
Andres Gomez who was only 
brought into foe tournament as a 
second reserve when Jimmy 
Connors pulled oul Wiih a little 
more luck. Gomez might have 
extended Lendl further than the 
eventual score of 6-4. %5. A* it w *s. 
he managed to take 1 1 consecutive 
points off the Czech midway 



STRUNG: Scottish Urivorattios champton- 
•Mpo: MM (IftCOOm): ft Quinn (GtaMow) 
32mto 1590C. Team: t. Glasgow. 62pb. 
Woman (8.000m): 1. L UucDnugail 

(Strathctyrifi) 21:34. Tram: 1. Strathctyda. B. 


STUTTGART: Six -day ncc ptednga latter 
third dayt 1. R P|nar (Noth) and G Frank (Dent. 
9B pw Z D Thurau anti J Kristen [WGl, 81. 
On* top behind: 3. D Clark (Aus) and A Doyta 
(GB), 72. 


dhrisloR Southgate 0. Toddtonton 0 LoogtiK 
Cttoam 0. Whimadon 1; Dulwich ft Hampstead 
l:Gteidlonl5, M«j-Surray 0: London Urwereny 
5. Spencer 2; Old Ktataontans 0. Bromley 3: 
CMord Unweralty 1. Btacfcheath 2: Purtey 2. 
Beckenham 2; Richmond I. Cambridge 
University 1; SI Albans 0. Tulsa H«0; Etougn 7. 
Surbiton I. 

dtvtetan south: Harpengen 1. Essex Umversky 

Reoteoah Hampshtra/Soney: Old Edwardlons 
2. Bantu 3. 

SURREY: first iflvteaon: Ksntey 1, Nat 
Westminster Bank Z 

CLUB MATCH: East Grtnstsad 0, Lloyds Bank 

2 . 

Navy 0. 

LEVIN, Northern France: Indoor tournament 
Sant- totals: France A 8. Italy 4; Nethertands 7. 
Span 6. Seventh pteeas Austria 6. Wales 3; 
fifth ptacs: Belgium 6 Franca B Z thbd place: 
Spain 8, Italy 6. final: Nethertands 5, France A 


NORTH AMERICA: Notional League (NHL): 
Friday: New York (slanders 4. Ptdadalphia 
PTyers 3; Buttato Sabres 5. Montreal 
Cenodens 4 {atf. Weshtaton Capitals 4. New 
Jersey Devils ft Hartford Whaler 11; Quebec 
NortjBques 6: Winrtpeg Jots 5, Chicago Black 
Hawks 1; Los Anoekm Kings 9. Vancouver 
Canucks 7. Saturday: New York Ranoera 5. 
Edmomon Otas 4: Washington Capitals 5. 
Phltadatohta Ftyera ft Calgary Baines 7. 
Detroit Red wings *: Hanford Whalere 5. 
Quebec Nortfquss 2: Montreal Canarians. 3. 
New York islanders 0; Pittsburgh Penguins 5. 
Bt Louis Blues 2: Monnesota North Stars 5. 
Toronto Maple Leals ft Vancouver Canucks 4. 
Los Angeles King 3 4 Wl- 


Second raumt Old Hutawtans 6. 0« 
Wacoraans 6: Stockponll, Ashton C; Urmston 

5 V4gQ0f 14 

KUNE NO RTHE RN LEAGUE: fit* dtatelon: 

H^^KXmfw^NGLAND LEAGUE: first 
itivtaton: Cambridge UnlwrsBy 15. Purtey tj: 
Enfield 1. HBcrott 12: Kenton 17. Chtpstead 5: 

London University 1ft Hampstead IB. 

WOMEN: Purtey 5, Beckenham & Btockheatii 

tir ta &gto Lodge (DutiSn) 68. KDester KUsra 

dhrtaktiE Happy Eater Brackntfl BO (Gonder 27. 
scantiobura & Lynch 13), Btmirigtain SUMS 
85 tponaktaon 22. Hays 2ft Shoddera 16); 
QRSSundralaM K (Brown 1ft Atocendor 24, 
Oyksira 22). Moon Worthing Bears 98 
(Jenkins 24. Shackleford 22. Hutnecker ift; 
Hentf Watford 128 (Lioyd 32, Satrai 2ft Smah 
24L Homespare SotoiT 95 (Gardner S3, Martin 
28fc Sheip Manchester Utd 89 (W Brown 22, T 
Brown 2ft Gradner 19). BobwI Ducks UxbrktoB 
88 (Roberts 29. Ketteybruw 25. Potitl Ift, 
Spemngs Sotett Stem 9* (Lewis 27, Nottage 
17 Robroan 16. Whitehead 1ft Manchester 
Sana 91 (Brookins 31. Peers 25. Pemberton 

Cokterdate Exptorara 129, T ele c om Cotaeeter 
nr - 9ft Brbtion 8ft Rymwth Raldera 
tit Estates Cleveland 35; Swindon 

Teem Untiafiekte Nottingham ill: 

ANC Liverpool 101, tortm Oktaant 31. First 
iftitaian (weraeop Chsmos Derby 80. TCB 
WertHng & Avon Goometfca Northantottn 6ft 
Swindon 48; tfonktasm wadetfa 75. Potyofl 
Kingston 57; StwSek! Hetian 63, London 


- Waters 

nttf. e— AT«Mn,M- toot and two Dcnafry coals to one-foal maiBnoaie.YfGnmpfaeft 

- \i North Vast, Second dMateiv Nethe™a is, 

G Martin: RHantoy, A Herbert. .BUtddun 6; OtiMun 3. Sedtftay Pm*, ft Nerti 
s TLaite.inotoh.BSmBr,M Aim. Flrat ttoWou: PwwS ft Moresby - x 
• HssttB, S 

jl984^Sks>r foe sterng task . ratf 

tagairai Llanelli temonw night- acdforeepa»»a^w^'- an] 

n^niMTtow, J HeWcaJl 

Aim, Fktt dteWoa Penrith ft Morsebya, 
Second dMetoK St Benecflrfa lO Kkttry 
Lonadate ft W ta Arne, first dvtooK 
Warrington 12. Chester CoB 3. Second 

23. MFC 1ft Port ad own 23. BaBna ft 
Qy^D ufafln Unfcrormy 3ft Queens Untaenfly 

TOUR MATCH! ffn Cort^ Munster 15. 
Queenaiand24. . 

Yesterday - „ . 

John Smith's Merit TaWeB 


formats is, Ssraoara 10: 

KENT d&fi 'TbM^maid: Skftap ft 0U 
Bacceh em tens 12. 

Kingston 67; SttaffieU Htatten 


Sootiend 52. Bngtad 5ft QMe U 
70. Scotland 41. 

TX3NAL& Beya U 1b 
1 5ft GMe U ifc England 


SHEFFIELD SHIELD: Afltil l Wr Now. South 
Wales 239 end 6& for tH OTteM 178 not out. 
“ Tntor 10ft G Dear 8ft; South Australa 485 
Hookes 2m Mata Grown. M efc onm e 
._*ond dw): Vttorta 296 (A Dodonudde 83 
not out MQukin 53: B Mulder fltcr 12 
for 0; Western Auetrdt 182 fl Brtjto 5 

through foe first set - a feet that sent 
the vociferous group of Latin 
American supporters into a frenzy 
of delight. 

/he second set produced some 
awesome tennis as both men raked 
the court with powerful drives, 
interspersed with foe occasional 
volley whenever Gomez seized the 
chance of getting to foe ncL 
Throughout the Ecuadorian's wide 
range of strokes was much in 
evidence, but he was up against a 
superbly conditioned tennis 
machine, and when tighL line calls 
started to go against him at crucial 
moments, foe frustration showed. 

“Tranquillor a voice shouted out 
from the crowd, and although 
Gomez did manage to calm hemself 
down after being foot-faulted, he 
lost his service from nowhere in foe 
eleventh game - double-faulting and 
making a stupid mistake off a 
(antalisingly short rciurn. Lendl, 
who had been pushed hard all 
through the second set. needed no 
ulhcr invitation, and quickly 
terminated the match. 

QUARTERFINALS: A Jarryd (Swej to B Gilbert 
0JS1 6-1. 6-2 Scnri-flnab: I Land (Czl tt A 
Stmaz (Ec) 6-4. 7-5; B Backer (WG) bt A 
Jarryd (Swfl) 6-3. 6-4 


QBERWIESENTHAl: World Cup: 70 motiM: 1. 
U Fmooeson (EG) 213-Bpts: 2. E Vettort (Austria) 
213.8; 3. I Lessor (EG) 206.7. Ovwal; t. 
Fmtiraen 407 4; ft D MiJtard (Fr) 386.9: 3. M 
Nykaunen (Rn| 37B-5. World Qlp sfflmEng: 1. 
Vetton 110: ft Ubga (Yug) 105: 3. 
Neutaendinar (Austria) %. 

SAPPORO: 90-matra )t»n v- 1. M AMmoto (Jap). 
243ftpt3. ft A Kankkooen (On). 209ft: 3, C 
Natokata (Jopj. 199.1 


DAVOS: Inttmat t o ta Motttns 3.000m: I. V 
ShB'Sberin (USSR). <mn 3ft2sec (world 

3ft2aec (world 

LEICESTER: British Uotoersites tounumcmt: 
UAU South 6. Scotland 8: Wales 3, UAU North 
11; UAU South 3. London Oxtora Cambridge 
il: Scottad 1«. Wales 0: UAU North ft 

London Oxford Gamoridw H. ft uau 

Sown 7; Scotiand 7, UAU North ft- London 
Oxford Cambridge 1ft Wales Z UAU Nonh 8, 
UAU South a London Oxford Cambridge 12, 
Scotiand 3. Ptaongs: i. London Oxford 
Cambrtae. lOptK ft uau ifonn. & 3. 
Santanct 4; 4, UAU South, ft 5, Wales. 0. 
Britta IMmraMes teen V Webber 
(Sheffield), A Hart (London). F MUtem 

Houtton (Aberdeen). J Valley fCambrfeipj, P 
C Nanrey 



PAWS-DAKAR Special stage (Labe to 
Kedougou, 200km): Cara: 1. Cowan ana Syer 
|Mh3Utoht, Pajofoj 2hr 6m« Slsae; ft Lartigue 
and Gifoux (Lada Iflva) 2*53; 3. Rtmtand 
Maingret (MdSUWshl Patau) 2*00. WTOR; 
CYGUS: 1. A Da PaM (Honda). ftSBdft ft A 
Mennorti (Yamaha) 3.-&13: 3, E Orton (Honda) 
3:1035. SPEOAL STAGE (Kedougou to 
Kayes, 353km): CARS: 1 . Znniroll tmd Da Sure 
(Mtatixsni Pfoero) ftat 37: ft Cowan and 

1, Do Petit 4 SWk Z Orioft 43530; 3. 
Morfocn. 43830. OVERALL OARSs 1 .Memo 
and Lemoyne (Rahmans Pined*) 3ftift»f ft 
tax and Brassew (Rothmans ftmscha) 

ftiOT Oft CYCUgfc 1, C Newu (Rothmans 

; 3,'A BaAsatrteri 



dMrton: FalcM 1. Dundee Kkfcton ft East 
Ktorideft Gtasoow Qraga i; MIM 2, Scottish 
Form- ft DWFt! 3. BSflahfS Cardinals 2- 
Wom en’s firet matea: Ftanlra Sport 3, 
Irmnhtte ft Pfiteiay 3. BetehD ft Scottish 
Farm 3. Whitburn ft Provtodal foarance 3, 
LBitort ft Trinliy o, Cartaa 3. 


ST MCRITZ: AHa: Curzoo Cup: 1. F G Gansser 
iSwitz). 254.90: ERR Qaiuser ISwta) 254.M: 
3 C Berts Ctvrvwr iSwitzl. 257.00. BRAVO: 
(SB). 127.02. 2. W Barehtotd ISwfe), 127.73; 3. 
P J Darison (GB). 127.74 


NOVE MESTO NA MOHAVE, Czechoatowkla: 
Woman's 21San World Cup race: 1. S Opttz 
(EGl llw Omn 34.0sec; ft G Nestler (BjJ. 
1:01:08 2. 3. M DaWm (NOT. t-01;T» I. OwnrB 
World Cup positions: 1, M MaUksinen (Fm|. 
57pts: Z Dahtm. 51: 3. Nestler. 45. 

HUHAU, Austria: Nordc Combined Wortd 
Cup: Skt-jumphig: 1. H Schwarz (WG) 
ZlTSpts: ft H Eoegs^nb INor) 211.4; 3. H 
WeJnbuch (WG) 210.*T 

Crass Coiaitry: 1. Wecbuch, 417.145: ft 
BoqseOx. 41X830; 3. T Muler (WG) 406J2S. 
World Cup snmflngs: 1. Wembuch. 85pts: 2. 
Mutiar. 75: 3, G Anderson (Nor) 44. 
AHTERSELVA, Italy: lOfon btetiUou wffljd 
champlansWp race: 1. P Angerar (WG) 
30c42Jmtn n penalty); ft A Nepofo JlpSH) 
30:47 (ft; 3, G Forma (Nor) 3ft47.2 (OL 
Women’s 10km European championship racm 
1. S GroenKd (Non 21 mm SBaec ft E Korpela 
(Swot. 22S3S; 3, K Toumaaia (Fbij 23.-072. 

UEHZ, Austria: Woridtopoet: SOfcm: Men: 1. K 
Halenhater (Switz) 2nr 53mm 20.6sec; 2. A 
BtommiS (Sure) 2^48.7; 3. A Endestard 
(US) ft53:49i. Women: 1. C Bmegper fSwtel 
3-07:l6J): ft S Kalvulamen (Ftn) 3:15:16ft 3. B 
Paub (Cz) 3-1842.0. 


SAINT-ESTEVE, France: France Under-24 19. 
Britain uraar-24 6. 

LEZIGNAN, South-western France: Franc* 

Cote 8. British Colts 28 

UBOURNE. France: France 10, Koaln 28. 


OSTEND: Btata Muttra Ftneb T Griffiths w 
k Stevens (i3m) 9-7. Frame scores IGniflttw 
histl: 81-20. 77-6. 20-77. *M7. 18^4. 67-63. 
d-85. 71-38. 26-91. 61-50, «9-48. 22-77. 69-47. 
4084, B6-0, 69-39 


WOKING: Amiy Ctiematerabipa: finate: jOpwc 

WOKING: Aimy CtiemntoneU. 

Capt R Robertson bt Mai C Wlson. B-10. 9ft. 
5-T 9-2. Undor-25: Spr N Turton bt L/Ctt □ 
Hissey. 10-9. 4-S. ± 5 . Over-OS Mrt C 
vw»n bt Capt D Braritey, 9-1. M.M, 96. 
Veteran*: Lt-Col J A WOOdtata W Brig M J 
Parkins. 97. 10-6. 96. Women: Capt D Gogom 
bt S/Sgt K Johnson. 90. 8-9. 93. 1-9. 92. 


QUEEN'S CLUB: Henry Leaf Cup: Rodtey tt 
Canforri, 2-0: Rugby tt Marr Comae. Trnoa. 
2-1 : VlAnchrater tt Portsmouth GS. 3-0. 


DAVIS CUP: Atrictei Zone: firet iramd Juris: 
Nigeria Di Tunisia, 5-0 (fogena queBty tor 
quarter-ffoals). American Zone: firat ranmc 
Caraeae: Venezuela and Uruguay tow/ f-T. 
WORCESTER. M aa sa c bu nn tta. Women's 
Toianemont TMrd round: H Suhova (CZ) bt T 
Phelps (US). 5-0. 6-ft B Gadusak (US) bt C 
Lindquist (Sw$), 7-5. 7-5; C KoMe-Ktocft 
(WGl tt W Turnbull (Alls). 6-4. 5-7. 6-2: J 
(Xfta (GB) bt D Batestrat (Aus) 3-6. 7-8, 7-5. 
Ouernr-mais: KonderiOsch bt Duria. 6-2, 8- 
1:K RBiALOtyiSlbtH kWed (Can), 3-6, 6-ft 
7-5" P Snnver (SU) bt Gukova, 8-4, 6-3; M 
NBvretttovn M B Gaduoa* (US). 6-1 . 6-0. 


-raORNABY; CtoVtand 
stated): Metfs titirtl reunCfc , ntnouw 
bt A Bowbonnats (panL21.6.a -1 1: . 
H S SCbwttDft2t*15. 21-ft S Andrew Jw 
Hannan, 19Z1. 21-17. 21-14-, K Satchofl bt H 
nraea fcart, 21-12. 1921. 21-16; J Souw bt j 
iinm fti-ift J Nukazaka bt (Japan) fat 

(Den), fi-iS, fMf. 21 -te. 'Womoitta tart 
round: J Grundy m f EBot, 22 - 20 . 21 -ift a 
G ordon fat S AkW. 21 - 6 , 21 * J BeBnger bt b 
HeSh (Deri. ljgl. *MA W-BjK Ip— 
Uepan) tt L BeJbngor, 1921 , 21-17 

dapw< * England 1. W tt Bda- 
CanadS 3. wasga Rearing 2: 
Lttoesoer 0. Ftafc Engtanri 5. URt 


Birmingham struggle on 
without hope in the 
Midlands bUght area 

_ Can it footbalTs Black 
Conn try or the West Midlands 
Either description will 
suffice. The boundaries stretch 
from West Bromwich in the 
west to Coventry in the south 
and Leicester in the east. 
Within those confines the sun 
hardly ever shines for five dubs 
which have lost their way in the 
first division and could disap- 
pear off the map altogether. 

Take Birmingham City as a 
leading example. By any stan- 
dards, their past week has been 
ffQed with traumas. On Thurs- 
day their manager, Ron Sannd- 
ers, resigned after a row with 
the chair man. On Saturday, 
they suffered their ninth snc- 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

The BBC managed to stretch 
the mediocrity to a dozen 
minutes of highlights on Satur- 
day evening. They included two 
timely touches of class from 
L i n e k er, the scorer of Everton’s 
goals, who wOl be named in 
Bobby Robson's England squad 
today. The other 78 minutes 
were notable only fin' Birming- 
ham's effort, scarcely a sight to 
stir anyone's imagination. 

Keith Leonard, a former Villa 
forward whose stay at St 
Andrews as caretaker manager 
may be imm of the shortest on 
record, appreciates the severe 
limitations of Birmingham’s 
squad. For a start, the choice is 
restricted to 16 players. Three 

rest b already wide and 
inevitably will grow wider**. 

Leonard believes that an 
English super league ' was 
created when the rule governing 
gate receipts was changed in 
favour of the home dabs. “We 
played in front of 42,000 at Old 
Trsfford the other day and. we 
didn't receive a penny. It is Hke 
starring in a film without getting 
paid." Villa, the only dub 
among the quintet to gam a 
leading honour in the last 18 
years, Leicester City, the only 
one to collect a point on 
Saturday, Coventry City, and 
West Bromwich Albion most all 
survive on similarly low in- 
comes. Their average attend- 

- . . 

T' ’ 

already amount to £2V4in. To 
make any impact on that huge 
figure they most attract audi- 
ences of over 14,000. 

They have done so only twice 
so far, for the local derby 
against Aston Villa and for the 
visit of Liverpool. Their gate for 
the fixture against Ipswich 
Town nine days ago was, at 
6,856, not only the smallest in 
the first division this season, but 
also the lowest at SL Andrews 
for 72 years. 

Their average attendance is 
falling steadily towards 11,000 
(almost a third of Saturday's 
crowd of 10,502 belonged to 
Evert on) and no wonder. 
Though some locals claimed 
that Binning ham's performance 
against the League champions 
wfls perhaps their best, it was at 
times difficult to imagine bow 
they, and the match itself, could 
have been much worse. 

Hearts high 
but not 

By Hugh Taylor 

The prospect of Heart of 
Midlothian winning the Scottish 
League championship was enhanced 
by their most notable victory of the 
season, a 1-0 win over Aberdeen at 
PtUodrie. Colquhoun's 83rd niinuie 
goal ensuring the Dons* first home 
defeat in 13 months. , 

Hearts' are unbeaten in 17 
matches and a four point lead at the 
top of the premier division. But they 
are not yet favourites to win the 
title. That distinction, according at 
least to Ales Ferguson, the 
Aberdeen manager, who admitted 
that Hearts deserved to win, belongs 
to Dundee United, who beat 
Clydebank 4-0. 

"United are red hot favourites" 
he said. He reasons that United, 
who have dropped only three points 
in their past seven games, are 
playing tbc best foooioaU in the 
county, and despite lying four 
points behind Hearts, have three 
games in hand. 

Celtic slipped into third position, 
a point behind Dundee United with 
a game more played having left 
Edinburgh in angry mood after 
drawing with Hibernian. They were 
upset by a late goal by Cowan which 
nude the score 2-2. Two Celtic 
players were booked in claiming the 
goal was offside. 

Happier days at Ibrox have 
brought smiles to the faces to the 
Rangers' supporters. Although they 
are ranked as outsiders, the dub 
maintained their challenge with a 2- 
0 home win over St Mirren, their 
third league victory in a row. 

A fight back by Dundee, who bad 
lost two floats in the first seven 
minutes. Both scored by Mother- 
well's new player Baptie. enabled 
them to draw 2-2 at Fir Park 

• \ torrential morning downpour 
put paid to George Best s scheduled 
return to football yesterday. Along 
with his contemporaries from the 
1470s. Stan Bowles and Peter 
Bonelli. Best had been due to play 
for a chanty side against a team of 
inmates from Ford Open prison. 
West Susses. 

a ivuift V/Up ue xguusi 

Bristol Rovers) sod have scored 
a mere six goals In the 
subsequent 17 games. Then- 
defence is inadequate, their 
midfield is shapeless and their 
attack is woeful. 

Nor is there any reason to be 
optimistic a boot the future, as 
Leaonard points out. “We can't 
afford to buy players," he said. 
“We could take somebody on a 
free transfer but that suggest 
that they are either not good 
enough or their wages are too 
high. Our only hope is to get 
people on loan. 

“The cream has been taken 
by the top four or fire dubs. 
They've got players on their 
touchline who would walk into 
almost every other side in the 
country. They've got all the best 
strikers and they make all the 
difference, like Lineker, today. 
The gap between them and the 

down into the potentially disas- 
trous second division pooL Once 
there, they may never regain 
sufficient strength to return. 
Leonard think* that the dubs 
finishing with at least 42 points 
win remain among the big fish. 

That target, about as far away 
as the moon for West Bromwich 
would seem to be beyond 
Birmingham, whose new man- 
ager is expected to be Gary 
Peudrey. Their ran includes 
visits to Sheffield Wednesday, 
Nottin gham Forest, Newcastle 
United and Liverpool as well as 
visits from Luton, Arsenal, and 
Manchester United. 

Ramon, - M Robe rta , J Hagan, K 
Armstrong, W Wright (SUb; A Kennedy), 
D Bremner, W Ctartra, T Rees, N 
Ptatnauer, R Hopkins. 

EVERTON: N SouthaB, G Stevens, N 
Potnton, K Ratcflffe, P Van dan Hauim, 
A Kotth, A Harper, G Lineker, G Sharp, 
K Richardson, T Steven. 

J Deaton (Uarrait Major). 

Blowing the whistle 
on entertainment 

Setting the pace: Waddle slipping past Phillips on Saturday (Photograph: Chris Cote) 

By Clive White 

Liverpool........... ......3 

West Ham United 

However correct it may be to 
discipline a player for dissent, one 
has to query whether such action 
should interfere with the enjoyment 
of the paying spectator - particu- 
larly when there are 41.QS6 of them. 
Whatever your view there could be 
little doubt that George Tyson, the 
Sunderland referee, destroyed a 
fascinating, finely balanced contest 
at Anfield on Saturday by sending 
off Stewart, of West Ham, for 
vehemently disputing a contro- 
versial penalty decision. 

You had to be at Anfield to 
recognize the enormity of Mr 
Tyson’s action, no matter how 
correct It was like reaching the 
climax to a good thriller only to find 
that tbc last chapter was misting. 
One can only surmise that Mr 
Tyson was less enraptured with the 
whole affair. If Stewart showed 
insufficient restraint so too, it 
seems, did Mr Tyson. One often 
wonders in such instances whether 
the referee considers the interests of 
the spectators and the game at large. 

For such offences as Stewart's, 
there has to be a fairer way of 
metingout punishment The damage 
Jo Stewart and West Ham is severe 
enough, quite apart from Saturday’s 
dismissal, as they will be without 
each other for the crucial home 
.fixture against Manchester United. 

It was all such an unfitting return 
for West Ham's performance in 
those preceding 58 minutes when 

they threatened to lake advantage of 
Liverpool’s ' toothless raid field 
(McMahon and MacDonald were 
both injured) and Dalglish’s de- 
cision to persist with a sweeper. 

Against an orthodox, fast-raiding 
outside right like Ward, and without 
a genuine left: back to contain him, it 
was wasteful and dangerous. Even 
so. the tight of three such elegant, 
accomplished centre backs as 
Lawrcmon. Hansen and Gillespie in 
the same English club team was 
stirring. (Pity for Bobby Robson 
that none of them is English.) 

h was West Ham’s own excellent 
English centre bade, Martin, who 
having earlier redirected the team 
bus away from Goodison Park, now 
changed the course of the match by 
conceding a penalty. Walsh was 
running away from goal when 
Martin indisputably pushed him. 
But there was a suggestion, 
supported by the Liverpool man- 
ager, that Martin tripped and fell on 
to Walsh, who in any case remained 
on his feet. 

Molby convened the penalty, and 
from l hen on it was Liverpool who 
look advantage of West Ham’s 
embittered 10 men. A rejuvenated 
Rush scored his hundredth league 
goal, and Walsh maintained his 
exciting form with an excellent solo 
effort before West Ham regained 
their composure in time for Dickens 
to score almost grudgingly. 

LIVERPOOL: B GrabMur. S Meal. Q 
GBaapia. M L a wwns o n. R Wffwtm. A Harman, 
P Walsh. C Johnston, I Rush. J Molby, J WartL 
WEST HAM UNITED: P Partcss, fl Stewart, S 
Watford. A Gate. A Martin. A DnonaMra, M 
Wad, F McAwrnls, A Ofcfcans, A Cottea, Q 

Ratarae: G M lyaon [Sundarfamq. 

Scottish peace talks 

Scotland's nine rebel clubs will 
meet the Scottish league today u> 
discuss a possible peace formula to 
their long-running dispute. The 
crucial meeting in Glasgow is aimed 
at preventing the nine dubs from 
carrying out their threat to establish 
a new breakaway league next 

For the first time since the 
wrangle began last year, the two 

tides are finally getting round tbc 
table with the Scottish FA president, 
David Win, acting as an indepen- 
dent referee. 

The nine rebel clubs held a 
preliminary meeting yesterday 
lasting three and a hair hours and 
afterwards their spokesman, Camp- 
bell Ogilvie. of Rangerc. admitted 
that there was now a willingness to 
talk to the Scottish League. 

Shreeve in 
offer to 
meet fans 

By David Powell. 

The contrasting fortunes of two of 
London’s most illustrious dubs, 
Tottenham Hotspur and Chelsea, 
could not have been more marked 
on Saturday. Chelsea, looking 
efficiency itself, achieved their fifth 
successive League win while 
Tottenham, their confidence 
drained, lost for the third time at 
home in eight days. 

Chelsea, already in one Wembley 
cup-final (the Full Members’) could 
yet appear in two more and have a 
higher points potential than any 
other first division team. Peter 
Shreeve. the Tottenham manager, 
has not need to look beyond next 
Saturday for his cup final: defeat at 
Notts County in the FA Cup will 
bury Tottenham's season and 
increase the numbers calling for 
Sh reeve's departure. 

'After their 2-0 defeat by 
Manchester City, demonstrators 
called for Shreeve lo resign: “1 
would always be willing to mem 
supporters to discuss the situation," 
he said. 

Last night Shreeve was sticking to 
his offer. “I was not suggesting going 
out in the beat of the moment and 
talking to them but if they wanted to 
meet and pul their views 1 would 
keep an open mind," he said. “I 
don’t feel my position is threatened 
but I'm nota fool and I realize every 
post had to be a winning one. We 
played some fluent stuff against City 
and created lots of chances and I'm 
hoping that Galvin, Thomas and 
Hoddle or at least two of them, 
could come in next Saturday.** 

Injuries have played no small part 
in Tottenham's depressing season 
but the failure of Paul Allen to 
reproduce the skills which encour- 
aged Tottenham to pay West Ham 
United £500,000 for him, has also 
been a telling factor. Epitomising 
Allen’s kiss of form was his glaring 
miss from dose range when only 
one down to a goal by Davies. 

The greatest threat to .Chelsea's 
drive for honours may not be so 
much Manchester United, Liver- 
pool and Everton as their own 
disciplinary record. Four more of 
their players were booked at West 
Bromwich Albion where goals from 
Speedie, Murphy and Nevin gave 
them a 3-0 win. 

London's other First Division 
team in form. Arsenal, have won 
three and drawn two of the five 
games they have played since the 
teenagers, Quinn and Keown joined 
forces in the side and Nicholas 
recaptured his goal-scoring knack. 
Still unable to get into the team are 
Woodcock, Mariner, Caton and 
Williams; none played in the 2-2 
draw at Leicester City. 

If the name near the top of the list 
of Fust Division leading scorers is 
not familiar that is because Newell, 
of Let on Town, claimed 1 9 of his 20 
goals this season for Wigan Athletic. 
Newell made his first home 
appearance for his new dub on 
Saturday, opening the scoring in a 
2-0 win over Aston Villa. 

Enterprise yields no 
profit for United 

By Nicholas Hurling 

Manchester United J2. 

Nottingham Forest 3 

Even Ron Atkinson' had to smile. 
In the bleak aftermath of his tide’s 
numbing defeat the ludicrous 
suggestion that Manchester United 
might be able to sign Mark Hateley 
on . a free transfer in the unlikely 
event of AC Milan folding up, 
maganged to raise a laugh. “I 
suppose well be doing a Swansea 
and playing them too in a fund- 
raising friendly", he quipped. 

Never one to take United’s rare 
Mures too much to heart. Atkinson 
also scotched fears that his side 
might forsake all their attacking 
principles - not to mention years of 
tradition - by playing safe when 
they get ahead. It had cost them the 
game on Saturday when, with 
Nottingham Forest 2-1 down and 
heading, so it seemed, for a 
thrashing. United continued to push 
forward, playing the kind of 

Birtles at centre half, although they 
were so hard pressed at times that 
even . the immaculate Dutchman 
was forced into the odd moment of 
inelegance. Hie chances that came 
Forest's way were indeed , so rare 
that when Davenport slid one wide 
from Clough's through -pass it 
looked expensive - . until he 
redeemed himself by supplying the 
cross which Walsh, with kind 
permission from Gibson, volley 
past Bailey to pot Forest ahead. 

Two goals from Olson on his 
return - the first a penalty after 
Williams had needlessly up-ended 
Gibson - put Forest into arrears 
before Walsh accepted Davenport's 
lovely return pass to smash an 
equalizer. Then Webb's well- 
nigh led cross landed plumb on the 
brow of the manager’s son' for the 
lasl-minute winner. 

“What a- load of -rubbish," 
chanted those same United sup- 
porters whose appreciation half an 
hour earlier had been rapturous as 
their team indulged itself in its most 

forward, playing the kind of ^ O nous improvisation. Sadly ft was 
spontaneous football for whteta they Si logo unrewarded, 
have always been renowned. Manchester united: GBNMvJGHman. A 

ABMorv N WhttnMa, K Moran, W Garni. J 

Against a team as resilient as Forest. 

who have forwards capable of o*»«vG st^eftan. u Hugm*, f Stapleton, c j dorninaiion of the sport by malting a timeof 3min 39.55scc. 

exploiting the gaps left by full backs 
stranded upheld, the policy is risky. 

Forest also had in Mcigod, an 
able replacement for the injured 

Gibson. . - ' . , ^ 

' NOTTINGHAM FOREST: S Sutton: 6 Hwnlng. 
B WRuns. 0 Walter, j Matood.1 Bowytr, F 
Carr, N Wet*. N dough, p Davenport, C 

ItotafM: J M K* (Rathavtaa). 


East Germans dominate 

From Chris Moore, Igls 

East Germany underlined their overnight lead to take the gold in a 
ami nation of the sport bv maltine a timeof 3min 39.55scc. 

dean sweep 1 - of the 1 medals in the Bernhard Lehmann and Bogdan 
two-man competition at the Euro- Musiol were 0,S2sec behind, with 
pean Championships here yester- Detkrf Richter and Steffen Cnimmt 

Victory not enough for 
perfectionist Brown 

By Vince Wright is the best form of defence, enjoy 

large and loyal support. 

orwicfl City .................... 2 In an atmosphere more akin TO an 

nrtcmnrith ft FA Cup tie. Portsmouth bad slightly 

ansmouui u the better pf the exchanges for an 

The after-match comments of hour. Then Norwich, thanks chiefly 
si Brown, the Norwich City to j Phdan s- growing infhonoe, 
anager, were as interesting as gradually took control of midfield 
turday’s game was exciting. ^ began to test the reflexes of 
spite the fact dial Norwich had Gosney. Portsmouth’s deputy goal- 
feated their main rivals to go five keeper. 

lints dear at the top of the second Norwich's breakthrough came 

Norwich City ........ ..... 2 

Portsmouth 0 

day. edging Austria's logo Appcil and 

It was only the second time in the 

European two-man event that one . 

country has succeeded in filling the %, TUS w? f 

top three places. History repeated ? }? ? 

itself because it had been on the Tn 8 rh^ 

same track in 1968 that the East c° .^! r AUlct * S cc 

Germans first achieved the feat ^ G«™ny i (w 

Yesterday the world and Olympic h?pp* and D _8cfMinrtwnmar), 3 min 

same track in 1968 that the East 
Germans first achieved the feat 

Yesterday the world and Olympic JJppp* ay d Sowunriynjtiw* 3 min 
cha mpion, Wo Ugrag Hm yc. and CSTbMD 

his brakeman, Didimar Sebauer- manor and s aiimem) a40A7; a Austria I n 

hammer completed their collected 

Appottand ( 
(E Scftaarar 

and C Mark] 3.4052; 5, Switzerland m 

Ken Brown, the Norwich City 
manager, were as interesting as 
Saturday’s game was exciting. 
Despite the fact that Norwich had 
defeated their main rivals to go five 
points dear at the top of the second 

division, sreating a dub record of from the most unlikely source. 

nine successive League victories in Barham, who had been the home 
the process. Brown said that he ms villain in the first half, turned hero 
unhappy with his team's perform- after 76 minutes by getting behind 
ance and that they would have to Portsmouth's defence- and convert- 
play better if they were to sustain ing Phelan's cross at the fiur post. It 
their challenge for promotion. was a well-earned goal but when 

Perhaps Brown's surprising rcac- Drinkell prodded in the second with 
lion was an indication of the high five minutes left, Portsmouth were 
standards expected at Gaxrow Road entitled to fee! that it was not thier 
these days. The perfectionist in him day. 

would like to see his side win in A rash of suspensions is hindering 
style rather than just muddle Portsmouth’s progre ss and their 
through. However, Brown's disap- lack of discipline surfaced again 
pointmeni was not shared by with Wood, Kennedy and Channon 
Norwich's biggest crowd of the bring booked. The last, named, who 
season who saw their favourites -was given, a warm. reception on his 
deservedly topple Portsmouth with relwu-.tb his former dtate thus. spoilt 
two goals in the final 14 minutes. an otherwise masterly display. 

The first division will be mo-™-*, r Wnn ^. , 
enhanced ifj as seems probable, van wy*. s Bmx. mTpmu 
N orwich and Portsmouth join their Barham, K DrtrtojH, w Biggins 
number at the end of the season, wsama. 

The respective managers. Brown Portsmouth: a Gamy; 
and Alan Ball, have in their gffg”* * 
different ways much to offer and Kann *>r. 

thrir teams, who believe that attack RctawN Butter (East Moiow 


Wigan resist 
Rovers in 
teeming rain 

By Keith Macklin 

Despite torrential rain and 
dinging ~ mud Wigan and Hall 


Zarak issues 
to his rivals 

By Colin McQuillan 

Zarak Jahan. the IS-vcar-old 
Pakistani brother of England's 

Kingston Rovers produced another I Hiddy Jahan, issued a warning in 

fiercely fought game at 
k_ Wigan won 12-8 

Central Park. Wigan won 12-81 Straws Bn Li si 
before a 14,000 crowd to make it 19 1 championships 
games without defeat, but in dtp •- u = 

yesterday's second round of the Blue 
Sira los British under-23 Open 

championships at Marlow in 
Bucking h a m s h ire to the established 

closing minutes, as in the recent junior players pursuing the most 
John Player final,. Rovers came sig n i fica nt title ip their age group. 

dose to polling off victory. 

Zarak defeated Gram Way, of 

NORWICH CtTft C Woods; 1 Ctemrtjoim. D 
Van Wy*. S Bruce. M PWtn, D WWsan. M 
Barham, K Drtrfce*, W Biggins, P Mantfwn, 0 

PORTSMOUTH: A Gosney; K Strain. L 
SandfortL K Won, N Bfeka. U Tit K 
Kfannrtr. M Channon, P 

Retaw: N Buder (East MoteaayJ. 

Wigan, fiefmng- several reserves South Africa, 9-4, 9-1. 9-2 in only 26 
because of international calls, and minutes of power and precision and 
injury, broke down the hard Rovers conjured pleasing memories of his 
tackling three times to score tries brother's entry upon the inter- 
ih rough Hanley. West and Good- national scene almost 20 years ago. 
way after Dorahy had kicked an Way was strong and willing buthis 
early penalty goal lor Rovers. ability to deal with the sheer speed 

As the rain teemed down in the and sophistication of this new Jahan 
second half Rovers produced a four- diminished as the match progressed, 
-man move for a try to Proton, and Attention in' Pakistani quarters 
Dorahys’s goal made it 12-8. has tended to concentrate upon the 

Halifax continued their excellent young squad that lifted the world 
winning run by beating Hull 8-4 in championship in Egypt. The third 
another closely fought game string of that squad, Sohail Qaiser 

' *' " « deservedly second favourite at 


Zarak Jahan was not included in 








.' By Michael Srtly ■ 

J Mat Scudamore,, schooled 
■ 3 i* 3 J^irough HiH-iad . over fences 

' -i , • - die 1 at/tamboiirn 

■ ’* ■ RJday, but; Jenny -Pimwn 

*- - yet decided' whether the 

■''■"i , CMlrahani "Gold winner 

‘..T** • 5ffl «neimio defttdp weight 

1 ja the WHliain Hill Yorkshire 
-\*r^ e»» H .Chase at : Doncaster next Sator- 
- w '. ; i“;i ’2o5^--day. ' : 

“The- horse has been a bit 
shice.Kempton^ David 
■ tail- tbe tramer'sassi slant said. 

" back. He'ssull the class horse in 
- f.r the GoW .Cup." 

• : At Haydock on Satimlajr, 

• Monica Dickinson announced 
^-wV.’-Htaf' By ljhe Way. her beaten 
: ” £L * ' Heiinessy Gold Cup favourite is 

lifcdy.-nr'tier m the sponsored 
' feature after A Sure Row had 
■ stamped himself as anoutsiand- 

: jog prospect, for Che^tenhain's 

jSun AJUance ■ Chase with a 


)r Schneidtt 


ns doming 

third, consecutive 
victory oyer fences in - the 
Preston Chase. 

i However. John Spearing, the 
' .-irj trainer of ; Run and Skip said 
'*■*££ that h» "heavily backed Gold 

• • * Cup POteidcr would only- be in 
. '" v a ; foe hne=up if Scudamore were 

• available. “Otherwise HI keep 
' 5 him in reserve for the Gainsbo- 

' rough ‘Chase at San down." 
Spearing sud. 

r Grand National. Gold. Cup 

and. Schweppes Gold Trophy 
i?'i news was -ptentiftir after, an 
action-packed . afternoon at 
, 'Haydock and Kempton. After 
vi.Door -Latch, had- just been 
outpaced by Combs Ditch in a 
thrilling.- race .for the Peter 
-Marsh Chase- on the Lancashire 
track. Josh Gifford said. “Mr 
Joel is very keen to go lo 
Ainuee and the horse looks 
right foe, it; He might go for the 
Gainsborough, but foe owner 
might think comes a bit 
too quick for him.” - . . 

- Ladbrokes offer, a -cautious 
20-1 against foe fluent SGB 
winner , ' but the chances- of 
horses such as Door Latch, Run 
and Skip and Canny Danny in 
the world's greatest steeplechase 
are going to depend on how 
Christopher f .ordent asesses 
Bits talented trio with Burro ugh 
Hill Lad. 

David Qsworth hit the nail 
on the. head When Combs 
Ditch V price for the Gold Cup 
had been -cut from J2-1 id 8-1. 
ThiS wafi a“better race in depth 
than the King Geoige," the 
Whilsbury trainer said as his 
hardy campaigner was having 
his customary post-race whiffol 

Ryeman and John O'Neill lead over the water jump on their way to victory at Kempton Park on Saturday 

. r _ 

; --sc 
' ‘-a 

•T- : i 


:• t 

“ m m m *7^ 

“If the Gold Cup were to be 
run next Saturday, he'd be 
entitled to be favourile. If it had 
been - three years ago Pd have, 
been confldenL But now its 
become the stufT of which 
dreams are made." That may be 
so, but Elswonh and Cain 
Brown, the jockey dteerve all 
the. credit .for : their skillful 
handbng of Jim Tcrry’s remark- 
able old warrior. 

Jimmy. Fitzgerald was at first 
disappointed after Forgive *n* 
Forget had weakened on the nm 
in to finish fourth, one and a 
half-lengths behind Earl's Brig 
and nearly eight lengths behind 
the whiner. The 1985 Gold Cup 
winner had started a .heavily 
backed favourite at 2-4 and the 
trainer's opinion had been that 
the horse was fit enough no do 
- himself justice. ' “He couldn't 
quicken , after looking to be 
going, so weUp* was Ms com- 

However speaking' from 
Moulton on the eve of his 
departure for St Lucia. Fitz- 
gerald. had revised his. opinion. 
. “Apart from -landing on all 
fours at the water, he also made 

mistakes at the last two fence", 
he said. “Those errors com- 
bined with the fact that it was 
the first time he has been up 
againsrtop-class opposition this 
season, must have found him 

The trainer is right lo think 
again. Earl's Brig, had finished 
only four lengths behind Satur- 
day's winner at Cheltenham last 
March and the fact that he was 
only jiist behind him when 
attempting to concede 9Ibs on 
this occasion must surely mean 
that a fully fit Forgive *n' Forget 
could still be the one that Dawn 
Run has to fear on the day. 
Ladbrook's latest betting on foe 
blue riband of steepiechasing is 
as follows: 5-2 Dawn Run, 5-1 
Forgive n* Forget. 11-2 Bur- 
rough Hill' Lad, 8-1 Coombs 
Ditch, 10-1 Run and Skip. 

More immediately, no one 
can possibly deny that Humber- 
side Lady is ftilly entitled to be 
8-1 favourite for the Schweppes 
after her gallant victory over 
Asir in me Haydock Park 
Champion Hurdle TriaL A 
.blunder at the lafct may not have 
helped the runner-up's cause. 

but with only lOst 4!b to carry 
at Newbury Humberside Lady 
will still be meeting her victim 
on )0lb better terms. 

Toby Balding has derided 
to aim Sheer Gold at the 
Schweppes as he believes she is 
so well handicapped with lOst 
61b. Well ridden by Graham 
Bradley, foe runner up lo Asir 
in last season's Sun Alliance 
Hurdle recaptured her best form 
when storming home 10 lengths 
clear of Kristen son despite a 
blunder at foe last. “She needed 
every yard of today's three 
mite", said the jockey, “1 took 
her round the outside lo get 
the belter ground. Michael 
Dicki nson taught me to do that 
at Haydock." 

Prideaux Boy also has a firm 
date on foe Berkshire course 
after turning the always 
informative Bic Razor Lanza- 
roie Hurdle at Kempton into a 
procession, beating Muqadarby 
1 2 lengths. 

Prideaux Boy's form over foe 
past two seasons bears the 
closest inspection and with 
Michael Bowlby making skillful 
use of his 71b allowance, foe 

Leaders over 
the jumps 

Pear-cut chance for Misty Dale 


-- -:r 




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Jeny Pitman's -fine staying 
hurdler MISTY DALE makes Ids 
eagerly fimltod first appearan ce 
ever (am in .the. Cottesmore 
Novice's Chase at Leicester this 
afternoon, and despite the. presence 
of more experienced rivals this 
- talented efan-ycapold is happed to 
stott Us chasing career an a winning 



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19 -63.14 

24 +82.10 

2 -66h12 

Inuwdiatdy altar Ms antborstire 
victory ever Krbteaen. Rose Karine 
and Sheer Gold fat Ascot's Long 
Walk Hordle 'last nosb,' Mh 
Pfthant anhovneed Oat Misty Dale, 
who bad been successful in four of 
his five • preriohs faurille races 
contested, would go nonce dwaag, 
dearly wkh the three-mBe Snn 
Alliance Chase at the Chahwahsm 
Festiva meeting as his ultimate 



v Coarse specialists 


ffijmsmse Ms m Rimoa, a wtasn from 25 
,240%; Mrs J «DWi , 17 (rora 73, 

lowever, ft transpires that Misty 
Dale had sore-skin trusMe 'after his 
Ascot victory, mid atthougli he well 
be tested in novice chases m thertmr 
pp to CheHenham, the ViariW 
Ciyrtal Stayin' Hunfie, ’wun last 
season fay Rose Ravine, is that 
controversial finish with her stable 
companion. Crimson Embers, b irtBl 
very much oo his agenda. . , 

Misty. Dale 18 bkssed with . an 
abandonee e£ ' stamina and can 

: mwrs.»u%; Mr« jpnnsn , i; 

213%J Jenkms. 6 Iran 29. 20.7%. 

JOCKEYS: 8 SnWh Ecdae. tl «4nnan4rum __ — n . mn j u. h n i;L»h 

«♦. «*w2(M%.' A HWbbw-, 11 from 70, 15.7%: “ "y.SM » > 

Bd9Ham.5tam34.l4.7%. that Macednatan. who scared bv 20 

. By Mandarin 
lengths at Market Rasen ’last 
month, can successfully concede 8th 
to sdectioo. Goldspun made little 
impressioH ■ oa Vo* Trappe ai 
Kempton, ftnishiog 12 lengths 
behind the wfaner and be, too, to 
unlikely to-trooUe Misty Dale, who 
with a dear rorad, can confirm his 
potential as a staying c haser. 

Jimmy Fltegetmkrs JESTO heal 
a big field of novices in good style 
over today’s coarse end distance but 
month and should follow up fat the 
first division of the Oroxton Park 
Novices’ Hurdle. 

In tHs event Anntie Dot, a half- 
sister to Townley Stone, who chased 
home Mrs Muck at Cheltenham, 
will be a formidable rival, receiving 
Illb. However, I expect Jesto. who 
has missed several winning oppor- 
tnnities recently : tbroogh postponed 
meetings, should prevafl. 

Josh Giflord, the Findoo trainer, 
mast have bees delighted with Door 
Latch's showing at Haydock on 
Saturday and hn PasfeSjboro, who 
beat Cikraa Jet by half a length at 
Wincanion in November, is a live 
contender for the two-mile RabbH 
Handicap. However, David NfchoL 
son,' whose stable b firing on all 
cylinders now, may have the edge 
with FRENCH UNION, who wodd 
have finished closer. to Malya MaJ 
at Kempton Park last time nut, but 

for peckfag at the last when in a 

PEARL RUN, who won comfort- 
ably at Warwick, before falling to 
contain Mecsan Grange at Wolver- 
hampton, should get bade on the 
winning trail in the Daniel Lambert 
Handicap Hurdle at the expense of 
Lady Tate, who got home by foe 
narrowest of margms m Nottingham 
last mouth. 

' The second division of foe 

Cruxtou Park Novices' Hurdle, 

which looks considerably less 

competitive than the first, may be 
woo by Mercy RtmelTs FATHER 
MAC, who showed promise when 
sixth b eh ind Hooeygrove Banker 
and who may be np to beating foe 
more exposed Vital Boy. 

The opening Brook Conditional 
Jockeys Selling Hurdle looks a 
tricky event, but 1 rely on 

GKEGEIROG, who showed ability 

ia a similar event at Ludlow last 


Carlisle abandoned 

Carlisle became the 37th casualty 
of the season when the stewards 
abandoned today's card after an 
early afternoon i n sp ecti on. The 
derk of foe course. Kit Patterson, 
■aid: ‘The course was completely 
waterlogged - there was no chance." 

eight-year- old showed that he is 
now at his peak. 

However. Graham Roach, 
the winning trainer yesterday 
issued a warning to backers. 
"Prideaux Boy has a great deal 
of speed and was well suited by 
foe fast Kempton track," said 
the Fox hunting, pheasant 
shooting St Austell Pork Packer 
"He must have a great chance 
in the Schweppes, but his 
stamina might let him down in 
a fast run race in heavy going." 

Latest betting on this fasci- 
nating but always difficult to 
solve problem is as follows: 
8-1 Humberside Lady, 10-1 
Prideaux Boy, 12-1 Kesslin, 14- 
1 Chrysaor. 

• Pat Eddery is four and a half 
points behind the overall leader 
Russell Baze after two legs of 
the Lowenbrau International 
Challenge-match at Bay Mea- 
dows, California. Lester Piggott, 
in his last American appear- 
ance, was out of luck with his 
two mounts, and the European 
team were trailing by 25 points 
as their American rivals domi- 
nated foe programme. 

Knock Hill earns 
National chance 

If courage counts in the Grand 
National on April 5 Knock Hill will 
be very hard to beat. He looked the 
gamest of battlers as he foiled Port 
Askaig and Northern Bay in a 
thrilling Brooke Bond Oxo National 
at Warwick on Saturday. 

His winning jockey. Anthony 
Webber, said: "He’s got all the 
courage in the world and just 
wouldn't have anything except win 
iL” The jockey's father John 
Webber, who trains Knock Hill, 
said: “We must have a go at Aintree 
this year and I may also enter Regal 

Port Askaig and Northern Bay 
will lake Knock Hill on again at 
Aintree and Tim Forster, who won 
the National last year with Last 
Suspect, said: “Ron Askaig was a 
winner everywhere except on the 

Barrysville who ran well in fourth 
is likely to go for the Scottish 
National rather than the Aintree 

Contradeal, the 9-4 favourite, and 
still regarded as a Gold Cop 
outsider, faded into fifth over the 
last two traces and Fulke Walwyn, 
his trainer, now thinks three and a 
half miles is probably his limit. 



Haydock Park 

. 1,8 1, Star GoM (7-2): 2. 
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10 ran. 

Rom Rams 

J. - . ■ , rnnr mmni. 

2J. 3. EtfTS ang (9-2). tatfra w taflw 6M 

To 1. * Sow Roar (4-5 ^2.JEMsndar j* 

1*3, taw (20-1) 7 ran M* dfScMOMM. 
Rogara Prlncscs. 

Kempton Park 

rf*** 1 " 

1 151.. ... 

k°‘ U *** 


2.15 1. Miami (6-5 9WK2.TIW Tsarwteft 

3; Brentfar (84 jMa** IS ran. NR. LabowiUu 


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3. Northern Bay (ft- 1) CortradaBl (WTav* » 

13ft t, 

3. CaptatnShucw^D'B ran. 


1.1B 1.7km ff-Wa 

(20-IL3. — . 
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™!Ui’CaS^Sion i 


3.0 RABBIT HANDICAP CHASE (£1 ,963: 2m) (6) 

Going: Rood (chart com); soft (burdfos) 


. OLE (EffiO: 2m) (53 runners) 

1 “3 VSSSUS 

T (ra IMtesSWtelKBaaay 12-15 
W m (H Hwpur-QBVN) P b'Ccn 
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JiaorahaHaitmt S 



J Brown 6 

jG Evans 5 


2 atfom TOBmtAL8H«H] 


4 40(0-32 »HREWD OPERATOR (JUpton) W Cmay 9 II I M 

5 38-1132 VREMCH UFOOH (0) POT C SmWi) D Wcholaon 8-11-4 


.A Jonea 

'Connor 12-12-2 TGHson 7 

ncimond-Wataon) J WaW>er 1 1-12-2 — AWsbbar 
MrTCosuNo 4 


FApOYBORO (D) (Exon Ura FTyrwtrt-Oraita) J GtMora 8-11-2 RRowa 

SM BhfMd Oparator, 3 France Unton, Paddybani. 9-2 ToktMtitvch, 7 Sptantng Satrtt, 10 

poo sowers I 

3 BAWT (11-7) 4Si baaian 44t to n» Foodmkar (10-10 8 ran. Strakmn 2m 
1 4. TOmOeALBACH (10-0) Stti Daatan 221 k> Horgorf HO-2) 6 ran. ClM Ba n ham 
iv Jan 2 SHREWD OFERATOfl (11-2) 2nd beater a TO kwiin SunshJno (1 0-1} 4 


ITcap ch aoB Jan 4. TOM , . 

2m h eap Ch heavy Jan 2 SHREWD OPBtATOH J11-2) 2nd baaton S to Kumon Sunshma fiO-ll 4 
ran. kiaricat RaamZai h'cap eh soft Jan li FRENCH UMON (i 1 -10) 2nd beaten B to Malya Mai 

I won Fit from CSsma. 

n 1-0) 5 ran. Kerapton 2m nov * soft Dae 27. 

5 ran. VWncanton 2m h'cap ch obeto to firm Nov 28. RESTLESS SHOT (114) 68i baaian 3H to 
2m h'cap cti flood to soft No» 30. 

(Mra A Cota) 8 Cola 4-10-3 

198B: Maatttg abandoned - tibEL 
2 1 WondPr Wtwn, 3 Pw Savvy, 7-ETYeflSirl09.1»2 Hanraat IDQrar Pfntfa. 14 Rodooio. 20 

EmnOaSR lBEUe800at1T-2)2ndt0Our ran.LutRw2mMirKMQ0oap«: 
PAR SEVVYm5n» beaten 111 » Sanson Boyni-T0).11 ran. TqwoaattrSbiieail tvoap heie 

- H94PD-1Q inebaataaow51tt9nowbal Jtm(9-KBT1 ran. 

tttvm MOV n. CHANCES WTCH (ID* flto isaaisn 271 to PAR 
2m sal hiSa soft Dae 7- LADY (mill ftO-O) Sib baatan 481 lo 
Rasan 2m aal hOa tnavy Dec 2S. 


I ^ SESt©! 

• 7 0^ .'SMSTAbtlt KELLV -i'-HlTham} Mr* J Bamiw Ml -3 — PatarHobba 

-14 0-: Sowel HOUSE twgl qmgrtJ WattoerS-tva fl Mwnsge 

is- -818- flooawot 1 -'. (S taanwijj &*wds 5-7 1-3 PBanon 

» 00 THE STm. BfeTOR (Hantray .MMlan O«»T BR 7-11-3 A£*£ 

25 Dan UP TV ' auCAET IA Cart^ CJteainaS-l 1-3 — 

27 • • m J AUMTtE POTT (J Watiban.Q fa»bbw |-18-12 * 

JB Jonas 

Leicester selections 

By Manda rin 

1.30 Tregeiriog. 2.0 Jesto. 2J0 MISTY DALE (nap) 3.0 French Union. 
3 JO Father Mac. 4.0 Pearl Ran. 

By Michael FeeJy 

2. 30 Mis y Dale. 3.0 Psddygoro. 4.0 PEARL RUN (nap). 

3.30 CROXTON PARK NOVICE HURDLE piv Ik £1,084: 2m) (17) 



; _JUcUuqhOn 

tun n Snath 4-10-5 mw-flUMMER 

" J Kama 4-104 J A Hants 

<ysu0van4>l04 -~< — Rowe 

RodoW D*2,1$Mhar».. 

(tap UP TM5 8WCKE 

3a. AwmEDOTU' 

■33 9D40 mm FALLS) 

-s n-a sar* 

36 420 ^ KUWAIT 

37 00 MAiarrSKHmCH 

39 WHO 8UT0NASH f 

' 11-10 Jaap. 0-4 Auntis Dots 


OK 16 IMfoTHD- 

U li mrai JEEJO.- • . • - . - - 

£30 OOTtESMOHE NOVICE CHASE (£2,934; 3m) (15) 

1 23-3110 aOtJDiH M jRl l HL jWOwy Jlfofard 7-11-12. 

Green) W Musson 7-11-3 . 


MraJPftman 5-11-3 






0- CROOMHai . 


060 UtfOSSE/ 

0-00 PRIZE ASSET (Mrs CJametaU Scudamore 011-3- 

023 VITAL BOY ffil (BDavtaORKoldar 6-11-3 

OB VULMBUBLE(Mrs S Freeman) JEdwwria 5-1 1-3 .. 

9 WSORrClMiaQ Turley) DWirno 5-1 0-12 

HELD CHANCT(R BiMtocklJ l«W5-10-12 

041 HARVEST MORE ^Smah]N A Srmn 5-10-12 

00 MOOTS LASS (Mra J Brow^WWhwton 5-10-12. 


ID Davies 7 
JP Scudamore 

.MPtanan 4 

J» warrior 


P Barton 


-S Srrtttr Ecctaa 


QD- SPAKSPEJUQm (Mra MBrkkjwaier}KBndawatar 7-10-12 -WWorthtoaton 7 

Bp FORTUNEPINDER (LVsL Sam] R Hemp 4-10-5 JSWm; 

4 HAGatrrDlflWpjDBtoMr 4-Ids SMchtaJ 

0 BLUE LEA (Mra 
mat Boy. 7-2 Father Mao. 82 
.25 others. 



)Mr*J Barrwr 4-10-0 . 
)SMaSor 4-10-0 , 

■) H Ntohofla 4-100 

Pane Hobto 
-QChailaa Jonas 
_M Bastard 

8 Crooning Barry, 10 Intrepida. 12 Vuinertbie. 16 

.140421 MACfc;CMAN (Ura f Tata) f Tata Hi -8 
40-1104 AVLSHERO — **— ■ 

2p-Htl POOR HAL 


L DmaharlJVMbbor 7-114 
Mima Domssot IMM 

— ~RRmn 
A Webber 

o omapu Ri 



ra P SMterj Mra S08Mr7-10-l2 

^{yConrtorJP uCorwor 10-10-12 Q MeCburt 

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t J Butawats 7^3-12 ^-.WWWMngtgn 

bliffl Mrs 8 ORtar 9-10-12 



fiEnne 7 

iWKJO MKtaftrtw, 4 Oottpoo, 114 Poor Hal, Ay* Hero. 12 addon 

FORM: FATHER MAC 00-7} Bth beaten 371 to Honaygove Banker (11-7] 19 nm. Haydock 2m no* 
h«a soft Dae 12. LAPOSSBJ11-6) undaced to Rtva Ron fii-9) 21 ran Wtacamon 2m nov hdta 
soft Jan & VITAL BOY m 49 3rd baaian B to Fort Rupait (104) 23 ran. Wtneanton 2m no* hdta 
SOM Jan 9. NAGERJ1D-7) 4ft beatao 20 B Krtmo Hat (J WJ 12 ran, Hwdrnkn 2m hda 
paii dDa cjM. WTHBtDA{i 34) nth baaian onr 601 toSotar Cloud (12*10)22 ran. Woreestar 2ra 



1 143*40 MOTEROOLDEN p) (I PtyalADwfeOT B-11-13 TQflJSon 7 

2 134p3f FRENCStCAPTAMfLnmDiiaim of NortblO Lady writs 10-11-8 

Pater Hobbs 

$ 23*241 LACY TUT (0) (T BBPTBB 6-n-O R Crank 

7 P4B12 PEARL RUN rot (OP) (R Squfcm) 0 Prtoe 6-1 H -„PWwa 

X 11-03 AID Y*S DOWRY (BS (Mrs vMoQaoughJW Wharton 6-1 0-7 MBiWMn 

15 000128- DtBUmTWVE fa) (S Cottrtta^lT CoSnflrtdga 5-107 fl Eemahaw 

7-4 Paed Run, 7-2 Lady TuL 4 Franco Capaia 6 Mtatar Qotoan. 8 Jud/a Dowry. 10 Dtanau's 

FORM MtSTBt QOLDBf (11-8) 11W beeffln ovar ill to Warner tar Latawa QO-11 18 ran. 
ChenetMin 8m h'cap rase mod Oct 10. FRENCH CAPTAIN latest hi bat, «arWjlO-G] 3rd 
2BW lo KaMn Hi-t^7ran. Aacot an h'em hdta good n aott Jan 10. lADYTUT (IV® 

* lam 2rn fltttaDlxae good DM21. PEARL RtM 

15 ran. Woherttatnoton 2m h'cap hdta mod Dec 

atom MBttjMM tin. Hmjocfcanjtap 

TROVE (11-2) 11th beaten owlsl to Cqpa (104^17 ran. Stratford 



(f 1-12) 2nd twatenIVVK) MeemhOranM(ia 
S&. Mors DOWRVjlO-ia 3rdbaetaB7U0 
Ms soft Dm ia. ptEMinmmmmmm 


Umpire puts 
in the party 

By Sydney Friskin 

A correspondent of a London 
newspaper once wrote that hockey is 
a simple game made more difficult 
by players and umpires. Few would 
have disagreed wiib tins view after 
>ceing Saturday's Hockey Associ- 
ation centaury match at Wiriesdcu 
where England gained their fiftieth 
win over Ireland m 78 matches. 

The game was controlled by two 
Spanish umpires, one of whom blew 
his whistle with extreme passion, 
(be match result hmgciug ou what 
would have seemed a peccadillo to 
those not an fau with the rules. In 
the third minute of the second half 
Ireland took a free hit and its 
recipient was standing less than the 
statutory five yards away. 

As Ibis seemingly intentional 
offence was comm it led inside the 
25-yard area the umpire justifiably 
awarded England a short corner. 
The hit from the line was perfectly 
stopped by Leman and Barber 
dispatched one of his thunderbolts 
against the back board. He had a 
similar chance later but was off the 
mark and the promise of a spate of 
goals remained unfulfilled. 

An Irish sympathizer said after 
the match that the leprechaun was 
sitting on (be wrong crossbar, ibis 
piece of timber having stood 
between Ireland and a goal midway 
in the first half when a scoop by 
Cooke from a short corner just 
failed to enter the net. There might 
have been a different story if 
Ireland, for whom Martin was 
making his hundredth appearance, 
had scored. But despite all their flair 
they never got into the game in the 
second half 

Sherwani now seems to have 
recovered from his knee injury, he 
and Batchelor having done most ol 
foe running in England's attack. To 
England who. 100 years ago became 
the fountainhead of a great amateur 
ie. the result understandably 
_ jght much joy which was carried 
far into the night ax the Associ- 
ation's dinner. 

ENGLAND: J Hurah P BHbsr. D Craig Jwb P 
BolandL J Potter/ D Faufcnsr, J Dutnta. S 
Bntchrtor. fl Lanin, K Bhsura (sub M 

agab N ?ss?i , asE l Ksf« 

MoConneS. J Wfttteraon. M Stow. M Bums, J 
KHmood, S Rgas. P Cooke (sub N Kingston). 
K Monts (sub CAOttw). 

Umpires: B Dm snd M Ncntal (Gpsfs). 

their form 
for decider 

By Joyce Whitehead 

The WRNS beat the WRAC 1 1-3 
in the final match of the Services 
round-robin indoor tournament at 
HMS Collingwood on Saturday to 
win the title. 

The WRNS lost 2-1 to the WRAF 
after misting two penalty strokes 
and eight penalty cornets in the first 
half, but against the WRAC they 
looked a different team. Their build- 
up was good and their passing 
controlled and accurate. The top 
scorer of the day was PO Annette 
Ludford of the WRNS woth five 

&Mink WRAC S. WRAF a WRAP 2 . 
iHiggsirt. WRNS: a. WRAP: S. WRAC. 

• Avon accomplished the double 
on Satuiday at Cam bourne having 
previously won the West outdoor 
county championship.. They won 
the indoor event; with 18 points, 
finishing unbeaten. They drew only 
with Dorset, who were second with 
12 points. In third place were 
Wiltshire, Devon and Cornwall, 
•London Indians drew 1-1 with 
Ireland on an artificial surface at 
Paddington Recreation Ground. 
Maida Vale yesterday. Kulbir 
Bhaura. who played for England 
against the Irish on Saturday, scored 
for London Indians nine minutes 
before the end. With barely two 
minutes lo go. Martin equalized 


Hurdle too many 
for holders 

William Boone, the world 
champion, and Randall Crawley 
regained the Celesuon doubles 
championship from the holders, 
John Prenn and Charles Hue 
Williams, whom they defeated IS-2, 
9-15. 15-10. 18,16, 15-3 at Queen’s 
Club yesterday thus recording their 
sixth win of the competition 
(William Stephen writes). 

Boone and Crawley led 7-4 in the 
second game, only to lose it as Hue 
Williams, serving, gained the last 
two points and a 7-0 lead in the 
third in one hand- Boone served 
from 7-1 0 down to lake that game. 
Prenn and Hue Williams had four 
blank hands leading 12-10 in the 
fourth, which presaged their demise. 
RESULTS; SmHMkT A N Prenn and C J 
Hub WHsms btRMK Gracw and MOM 
South 18-15, 18-14. 15-3. 15-8; W R Boom and 
R 9 Cniwtay bt M W Nlciiofa and P C Ntehofls 
15-12, 12-15. 18-19. 15-3. 11-15. 15-12. Ftaat: 
Boons snd Crawley bt Pram and Hus WHtams 
15-2. 9-15, 15-10, 18-16, 153. 

Prize money offer 
may be too late 

By Pftt Butcher 

The Counties Athletic Union are 
prepared to offer prize money for 
the first time 10 uy to entice back 
(he leading athletes who were absent 
from their inier-countm champion- 
ships on Saturday. But. according to 
the CAU secretary, Cliff Robinson, 
any similar move would probably 
be too late lo save the summer 
competition. “We are having a 
diamond jubilee dinner in Birming- 
ham the night before foe track and 
field championships at Alexandra 
Stadium on July 13. And that could 
be the last championships". 

The problems are the same for 
both CAU meeungs: neither 
sponsors nor television because of 
diminishing interest among the top 
athletes who are regularly attracted 

by independent prom on o ns on the 
continent. Robinson may be right 
that the summer championships are 
beyond redemption, given the 
structure of the track and fieled 
season, with the AAA champion- 
ships. foe UK closed meeting plus 
the grand prix circuit and inter- 
national events every year. 

But the cross-country season 
remains diffuse. Prize money, and. 
even better, recognition by the 
English Cross-country Union of the 
tnler-counUcs as one of foe trials for 
the world crosscountry team - since 
the races arc over the same distance of 
12 kilometres could restore the CAU 
Gxture to its former glory. 

Robinson added: “It would be 
nice io offer £ 1 ,000. or at least £500. 
to the winner. The £6,000 we got 
from foe AAA this year only 
covered basic costs. So I am writing 
to them again and Alan Pascoc 
(sponsors agent for foe British 
Athletics Promotion Unit) to seek 
sponsors for next year". 

The three winners al Leicester on 
Saturday came; appropriately for 
cross-country, from the wildest 

parts of England. Jon Richards, 
from Cornwall, became the first 
man to win titles in the three age 
groups when he won the senior race 
in 17 mins 01 sea Paul Taylor, of 

Cumbria, retained his junior title 
easily and Daren Mead, of NorfokL 
did the same in foe youths race. 
Lancashire's domination of these 
championships reached its apogee 
when they won all three |fam titles. 

RESULTS; Stator (7H mflra): 1. J Rfcttttifc 
(ComwaB) 37 mm 1 sec Z A WBtor 
(SJBlwtJstUraj 37:12: 3. K Hwrlsor 

(Lancashire) 37-18. Taan 1. LaneuNra 194 
Ota, 2. Essex 202: 3. Worth Eastern Courttai 
223 Jantar (8 qiim* i P Teytor (Cumbria) 32 
mai II sac: 2, N O'Brien (Lancashire) 3%28: 3 
J Nuttafl JLanceshrtl 322B Thk i 
L ancashire 25 as, 2 North Eastern Countter 
63. 3. Surrey 35 Youths (4 mBosfc 1. D Msec 
(Norfodd 18 mm 40 sec 2. M Suckles mam. 
19-213. R Rbt (Norfolk) 19.53. Teerc 1 
Lancashire BO pro; 2. Norfolk 88: 3. Nortf 
Eastern Counties 97. 

• Carole Bradford, of Avon, had a 
comfortable victory in the women's 
inier-coumy championships al 
Swindon (the Press Association 
reports). Bradford covered foe 5.0C 
metre course in 17 min 44 sec, 
finishing 1 5 metres ahead of second- 
placed Carol Haigh of Yorkshire. 
Defending team champions York- 
shire easily retained their title with 
two athletes in foe first three to 

RESULTS! Senior (5.000 metres): 1. C 
BrMttorri (Awn) 17 mtn 44 sec Z C Baton 
(Yorks) 1748; 3, J Laughton (Yorks) it3i. 
Team: 1 Yorkshire 27 pxs. 2. Sussex 95; 3 
Berkshire 101 tatennwwte (4.000 metres): 1 
H TUronngham (Leicestershire) 15 min <0 sec 
Team: 1. Greater Manchester Junior (3.500 
metres): 1. D Scanned Devon 13 mn 45 sec. 
Teem: 1. Yorkshire. QMa (3.500 mafirast 1. c 
Wchoteon (North Eastern Courmes) 11 mn 15 
sec. Team: 1 . Morseyslda. 


Olson regains record 

Los Angeles (Reuter) - Four 
world indoor marks fell to 
American athletes at the Los 
Angeles invitational meeting on 
Friday Billy Olson regained his pole 
vault record just two days after 
losing it to Sergei Bubka, of the 
Soviet Union. Charlie Simpkins set 
a fresh mark in the triple jump, 
Greg Foster in foe 50-yard high 
hurdles and Johnny Grey in foe 880 

Olson's 5.88-metre leap upstaged 
the other performances. He cleared 
the bar on his final attempt, nicked 
it on the way down and watched 

nerviouslv as it wobbled for more 
than 1 5 seconds. 

• Johnson City, Tennessee: Anto- 
nio McKay, of foe United Stales, set 
a world indoor record in foe 440 
yards yesterday with a mark of 
45.45 sec at foe invitational meeting 
here. Results, page 23 

Killed on doty 

East Berlin (Reuter) - Eugcn Ray. 
aged 28. the former East German 
sprinting champion, was killed in 
Leipzig while carrying out his duties 
as a policeman, the official ADN 
news agency said. 


Tubbs fails Harrison a 

to keep 
WBA title 

Atlanta (Reuter) - Tun Wither- 
spoon chased the champion Tony 
Tubbs for orach of Saturday's 
contest here to take the WBA World 
Heavyweight title on points. Two 
judges scored the fight 144-143 for 
Witherspoon and the other called it 
even at 143-143. 

It was the second time that 
Witherspoon had taken a heavy- 
weight championship. He had lost 
his World Boxing Council title to 
Pinion Thomas In 1984. Tnbbs, 
making his first title defence, 

suffered his first loss in 23 

professional fights. “I went 15 

rounds like a cha ipioo”, Wither- 
spoon said alter fab 24tb win in 26 
outings. He had left Tnbbs 

staggering al the end of the eighth 
romnd bid was unable to Fa till his 
hope of a knockout. 

“Tubbs has to be a beck or a guy 
just for fighting me," Witherspoon 
said. “He's in better shape dun I 
thought he was. But be really didn't 
fight like a champion tonight. I had 
to chase him down. I had to lunge in 
on him just to get position.** Tnbbs 
closed the gap on points by rallying 
well over the last seven rounds. 

• The English promoter Mike 

BaiT<tt will lose no time pressing 
ahead with his plans to pair Frank 
Bruno with Witherspoon before a 
40,000 crowd at Wembley Stadium 
in foe summer. First. Bruno most 
overcome foe considerable challenge 
or the WBA leading contender, 
Genie Coetree in the final 
eliminator at Wembley Arena on 
March 4. . . said: “The time is right 
for Brtmo. He is confident and has 
matured so much in the last year. I 
think Coetzee will be a harder fight 
than either Tubbs or Witherspoon. 
Both would suit Frank's style. 

A Bruno victory over Coetzee 
would leave Witherspoon's tough 
handier Don King to take his 
chances in the purse bidding which 
Barr itt is convinced be can win. 

• Larry Holmes will have a chance 
to win back his International Boxing 
Federation heavyweight title from 
Michael . Spinks in April, the 
promoter, Don King said. 

King said Spinks, who beat 
Holmes for the title fast September, 
was pepared lo give the former 
champion a re tu rn match at a venue 
yet to be decided. 

at the hook 

By Sriknmar Sen 
Boxing Correspondent 

University College Dublin and 
Kent shared foe honours at the 
sixtieth Universities and Hospitals 
championships, taking two titles 
each at Oxford on Saturday, Seers, 
of Kent, received foe Best Boxer 

The most exciting prospect, 
however, was Harrison, the Liver- 
pool light middleweigbL in knock- 
ing out Owens, of Galway, in foe 
third round he revealed unusual 
facility in a series of books, foe likes 
of which are not seen loo often these 

They wire perfectly timed, 
explosive and many of them were 
exquisitely doubled up as welL A 
complete natural, Harrison claims 
he picked up the technique from 
television. T watch every fight on 
television", he said. Will he follow 
in the footsteps of graduates like the 
Christies, of Dublin, or disappear 
into middle-management anon- 
ymity? Much depends on whether 
he is taken up by a club or a coach 
and knocked into shape at a lower 
weight for his is a bit short for light- 

Other outstanding boxers were 
the hard-hitting Walshe, of ICD, 
who came down from ligh-middle to 
welter to stop Duggan of Oxford: 
Green of Bath, who did foe same to 
the Sandhurst light-heavyweight. 
Hodki nson, and Horan, of UCD, a 
nicely poised heavyweight. 

For foe home team Mack at 
featherweight was the only one of 
seven to win a title and Diggle was 
foe most unlucky loser. He beat 
Ryan of Kent by the length of an 
Oxford spire, but Ryan got the 
verdict and went on to take the (iUe. 
RESULTS) Rnratghe A GreaBy (UCD) wo. 
FMtha; C Mack (Oxford) bt J COnnafly (TCD) 
on-. UghMUor: P Ryan (Kent) m M Ossslson 
(TCD) pta Water; E Walshe (UCOj ko R 
bugban (Oxford) first rtxjrvt Ughl^nlddta: H 
Harneon (Liverpool) ko E Owan (Qahway) 3rd 
round: HMritawo M i fc D Sears (Kant) bt A 
Swvright (Glasgow) 1st round: LldMiaw J 
Green (Bath) bt J Hoddnson (Sandtxxst RMA) 
1st round: Heavy: D Horan (UCD) ot p Hausen 
(Gahrayl Ota Super-teevysM Co/Vns (Gafwayt 
no. Harry Preston Trophy: 1, UCD 21 pen 2nd 
Oxford 12 pa; 3rd Kent 10 pis. 

• Bangkok (Reuter) - Samart 
Payak-araun. of Thailand, knocked 
out Lupe Pinior of Mexico here on 
Saturday to take foe World Boxing 
Council super-banuunweiftbt title 


Cochran close to gold 

From Athole Still, Strasbourg 

Neil Cochran, or Aberdeen, 
showed splendid early season form 
when winning two silver medals 
over 100 metres butterfly and 
freestyle at foe Golden Cap meeting, 
which ended here yesterday. 

The Olympic individual medley 
bronze medal winner was particu- 
larly impressive in foe cavalry 
charge, conditions of the freestyle 
sprint, when over foe final 20 
metres, he drove his slight 5ft 7in 
frame through the turbulent wakes 

of foe big men around him and 

failed by only .07sec to overhaul tbe Cochran (Scot) 52.17; 19, P SrewJScofa 5434; 

er, of Sweden, in a personal best ■jyjg' Atzpors (WG) 1:05-26; 8, J Emm ~ 

time of 52.17 secs. uouaii. h saner (Eng) i&sfts. 

SATURDAY: Woman's 100m bmsMroka; 1.1 

1. J Pu (Ctwia) 1-0528; 6. G Wauwn fficott. 1- 
0881. 7. M BuswbU (Eng) 1-07.19. 200 mama 
backsBOks, woman; 1. L Vtoaram (Italy) 2- 
1834. 6, K. Read (EM) 2-23.19. 200 mama 
faumrffr, Woman: 1. SKcpcftiova (USSR) 2- 
17.92: Z H Bawtay (Engl 2-1832; 3, L MorntonJ 
(Sen) 2-21.07 2D0 mams buoaxfly. Mart 1. T 
koarfier (EG) 2-0545; 5. M Pqumyj Bfl 2- Woroofl 3-m apitftBtoartfc u M 
Babkova (USSR) 288.60 pts: 4. L Braca 
(England) M3. IS pts. 

YESTERDAY: IDO imm treatayto, Woman: 
1. A Veretupan (Noth) 57.0?sae; 11. C Foot 
(Eng) 1 flOSS IB, L fatootbrd (Scot) IflUft 
26. H Bawtay (Eng) 1=03-52- 100 nstm 
traaatyta Men: 1. T VwiwJSwn)52.lK 2. N 

i Shen Gian. On foe evidence nttm trmutnta mm 1. d Kuzmin 

of these times and of his fourth and (USSR ) 22 36 ^4, , M Bwirall 
fifth placings in the nm backstroke 

events, he seems poised to present a &adcter*o tussti aoraopo: 2, R Momm 
formidable challenge to world mm 2&Jo itonm% Ugh bemk C a 
record-holder Alex Bauman of (ussrjti 340. 

Canada in foe individo^mcdlcy at a The annual Speedo schools 
the Commonwealth Games in swimming international between 
Edinburgh in July, and at foe world England, Scotland, Wales and 
championships in Msulnd in Ireland, scheduled to take place in 
August. Inexplicably, both medleys Cumberland on March 22, has been 
were dropped for the first time from cancelled because of foe teachers' 
foe programme here. industrial disputa*- 


Dukes move out 

Halifax Dukes, foe British League 
team, are moving from Hah fox 
Town Football club’s Shay Stadium 
io Bradford Northern Rugby 
League's Odsal ground next season. 
The decision, due to be announced 
todav will mean Halifax losings, foe 
£30.000 a season they receive from 
speedway, but an amateur Rugby 
i club are interested ia using 




7.30 unless stated 
Freight Rover Trophy 

Northern section 
Stockport v Bolton 
Tranmers v Preston 
Southern section 
Swansea v Newport 

round: Chelmsford v Crawley 
CENTRAL LEAQIE: E4C80d ifttetort WOMM 
v Coventry ( 7 . 0 ). 


MMltanwtaw v SoufladL 


SQUASH RACKETS* Bk» Statat British II-S3 
Oran (B too Oa8teaub,Mwtow|- 

More sport oa 
page 26 




England B seen 
to safety by 
stubborn Smith 

Colombo (AFP) - The England 
'B' leam have Chris Smith to thanfr 
For avoiding further humiliation on 
their current Sri Lankan tour. On 68 
not out overnight, when England 
'vcre on 153 for three wickets in 
reply to the 331 for five declared by 
the Sri Lankan Board President's 
XI. he batted for a further two hours 
in the heat here on Saturday to 
complete the first century of the 

When he was finally out. to the 
third ball of the afternoon session, 
he had batted for six hours and 19 
minutes and hit 17 fours and a six. 

England could only manage 288 
all out in their first innings but 
ultimately earned a draw. When the 
match ended after 10 of the last 20 
overs had been bowled, the home 

side had hammered the England 

attack for a further tOti runs for the 
loss of one wicket. 

The day started badly for 
England. Against the new ball, 
acting captain Kim Barnett was only 
half forward and missed an away 
swinger which clipped his off stump. 

Then Smith and Bill A they set 
about rebuilding the innings. Athey 
has played fluently on the tour so 
far, and drove and cut with 
authority. However, when he had 
made 41, and the pair had added 73, 
he failed to get on top of a bouncing 
ball and cut to point where 
Wettimuny took a superb catch. 

After lunch there was a collapse. 
First Smith was surprised by some 
bounce and edged to the wicket- 
keeper to leave England on 258 for 
six. Then, with only a single added. 
Tim Tremlcu received the perfect 
leg break from Asoka de Silva and 
was bowled, and Nick Cook edged 
on to his pad and was taken at silly 

When Steven Rhodes skied to 
square leg in attempting a leg side 
hit four wickets had fallen for seven 
runs. It was only a robust and 
entertaining 27 from David Law- 
rence which stopped a complete 

The pick of the Sri Lankan 
bowlers was Asoka de Silva, a leg 
spinner who bowled 50. S accurate 
overs to take five for 85. He was 
brilliantly supported by his fielders. 

Smith's effort with the bat was a 
triumph of concentration and 
determination. **1 have never batted 
for so long in such heat,” he said. “I 
am exhausted. 

BOARD PRESIDENTS Xfc First Innings 33 1 for 
S dec (SWarruku Suriya S3. A Gurusmgha 831 
Sftoond Innrigs 

A Mda SUVA not out 37 

SMS Kafajperum* c Woxor b Barn*tT._ . . 50 

R Mahanama not out- - . is 


Total (1 vUct) 



BOWLING. Lawrence 5- MS-O; Cowans 5-Z-9- 
(k Tramfett 5-0-28-0; Cook 7-3-16-0: Smith B-4. 
13-0; Barnett 4-1-20-1. 

ENGLAND tfc First tarings 

M O Moxon c Perera b E A R da Sava M 

W N Stack c GwusingtM 

b KurupcuaracJichl 10 

C L Smth c A MdeSSvfl 

b KuruppuarachcM- 

D W Randal c A M de SAva 


■K j Barnett b Fernando.. 


C K J Athey c Wettimuny b Perera . 
tS J Rftodes c Mahanama 
b Kunippuarachchi.. 


T M Trsmtattti EARdeSIva.. 

N G B Cook e Kaluparuma b E A R da Sttva_..0 
NO Cowans not out„ 2 . 

0 V Lawrence b E A R da Silva.. 

Extras (b 4. H> 3, w 2. n-b 2] 



FALL OF WICKETS: 1-15. 2-79. 3-108. 4-153, 
5-226. 6-258. 7-259, 8-259. 9-265. 10-288. 
BOWLING: Fernando 13-5-45-1; Kunippue- 
rachchi 19-8-37-3: Perera 17-246-1: E Afl de 
Siva 50-5-2O-85-5: Samarasekera 21-843-0: 
Kaluparuma 11-2-26-0. 

Phillips bludgeons 
Australia home 

Perth fReuter) - Australia 
retained their position at the top of 
the one-day World Series Cup table 
with a four-wicket win over New 
Zealand in a charged game in Perth 
yesterday. The Australians, faced 
with the relatively simple task of 
scoring 160 in 50 overs, has many 
anxious moments before sealing 
victory with 4.5 over to spare. 

Allan Border, the Australian 
captain, again proved the steadying 
force in the home side's innings, 
winning the man-of-the-match 
award Tor a fine 58. while Phillips 
bludgeoned Australia home with 28 
not out from just 14 balls. 

On Saturday New Zealand 
scraped to a hard-fought three- 
wicket victory over India, their first 
victory in four onc-day World Series 
Cup matches. New Zealnd won with 
9.5 overs to spare, but not before 
Kapil Dev and Chetan Sbarma 
shattered the middle order batting 
to give Ibc Indians an outside 
chance of snatching an unlikely win. 

New Zealand, at 77 for two. 
needed just 37 runs for victory when 

they lost four wickets to 18 runs, 
three to them during a devastating 
second spell from Kapil Dev. Coney 
and McSweeney steadied the 
innings, adding 16 precious runs to 
take New Zealand to within three of 

After the game both Coney and 
Kapil Dcy were critical of the green 
pitch, which they claimed favoured 
the bowlers greatly for a one-day 

Border, before ihe start of 
Sunday's match against New 
Zealand, concurred. “Having wat- 
ched yesterday's game it was 
obvious that the wicket was not 
good for one-day cricket” he said. 

The Australian Cricket Board 
general manager. Graham Halbish, 
said the board was well aware of the 
need to provide the right type of 
wickets for the one-day inter- 
nationals. The wickets in Sydney, 
Melbourne and Perth have been 
considered by most people to be 

N Zealand v Australia India v N Zealand 

B A Eogarc Border b Waugh — 
J G Wright b Davte- 

M D Crows c Boon b Waugh. 

J J Crowe run out . 

■J V Coney e Marsh b Mtttwws. 
RJ Hadlee not out.. 

IE B McSweeney not out— 

Extras (b 2. Hi 10. w 2,n4>3).. 











S M Gavaskar CM d Crowe by Gllnpw...... 9 

K Srldcanttr run out—.— 0 

M Amamatn c M D Crowe b Snedden. 

M AztwrmW in b M 0 Crowe 

A Lalhofra e Wright b Hadlee. 

— 30 
— 11 

R J Shastn c McSweeney b Ghatfield 23 

KopnDevcJS Crowe b Hadlee D 

Total {6 wkts. 5Q overs) . 


M C Snedden, S GHespte and E J Cbetfled dd 
not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-12. 2-13, 3-32, 4-36. 

BOWUNG: Me Demtott 10-1-20-0: Devi# ID-3- 
13-1 : Waugh 10-3-28-2: Reid 10-1-36-1: 
Trimble 4-0-32-0; Matthews 6-0- IB-1, 

Ctietan Sbarma c McSweeney b Snedden-. 6 

BM H BkvwcWrfgbtbSnedden 1 

IK More e Snedden b CnatfMd 2 

L Staramakrtshnan notout 2 

Extras pb 8. w 6. n-b 2) ... 14 

Total (442 oven).. 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-0. 2-23. 3-80. 4-93. 
•5-93. 6-104, 7-106. 8-106, 9-113. 10-113. 

D C Boon c Coney b Hadlee.. 

G R Marsh c McSweeney b M D Crowe — 
■A R Border run out. 

G M Ritttfe c M 0 Crowe b Corny 

SR Waugh cJ J&awobChatfldd — — 
G R Matthews c M D Crowe b Hadlee—— 

G Trimble not out- 


BOWUNG: ChatlkHd 9.2-4-S-2; 

.?*“*'• 10 -2-2«M; Snedden 
M D Crowe 4-0-20-1; Coney 
5-0-19-0. ' 

B A Edgar c Gavaskar b Shiny - 

J G Wright c Kao* Dev b Sbarma . 

M D Crowe c Azhoruddn b Kepi Dev . 
J F Reid c Gavaskar b Kapil Dev . 

Total (BwkJS. 45.1 1 
C J Mcdermoo. B A RM and 1 


J J Crowe c Gavaskar b Rape Dev. 
’ J V Coney not out . 

P Devts. did not rj Hadlee b Sharme, 

FALL OF WCKETS: 1-9. 2-81. 3-78, 4-117. 

BOWUNG: ChatfWd KMJ-39-1: Hadlee 9.1-1- 
35-2: Giles?* 8-2-23-0; Snedden 6-0-20-0; M 
D Crowe 8-M6-1; Coney 4-1-18-1. 

IE B McSweeney c Kepi Dev bShanna__ 6 

MC Snedden not out 0 

Extras (lb 3, w 2. n-b B) 13 

Total (7 wkts, 40.1 overs). 


World Series Cup standings 

P W D L Pts 
Austral* 5 3 117 

India 4 2 0 2 4 

New Zealand 5 2 13 3 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-28. 2-31. 3-77. 4-83. 

BOWUNG: Kapl Dev 10-4-25-3: Bbmy 
8.1-0-25-1: Sham* 6-0-26-3; Amamath 
2 -0-8-0. Shastn 10-2-17-0: SJvaramakrWt- 
nan 2-0-10-0. 

Rackemann pays price 

From I vo Tennant, Johannesburg 

The final international of the 
series between South Africa and the 
unofficial Australians is nicely 
poised. After an absorbing day on 
Saturday. South Africa are 136 runs 
to the good with seven wickets 
remaining and two days to play. 

Effectively, though, they have 
only six wickets {eft. Pollock, having 
scored 51 runs in a manner which 
few can match, had his right band 
fractured by a rising ball from 

Hogg was mot fit 10 bowl when 
South Africa baned, so the onus was 
again on Alderman and Racke- 
mann. who. having fought off an 
infection, had delivered 26 overs 
and taken eight wickets over the 
first two days. The Australians’ last 
five wickets had earlier aded a 
further 53 runs. 

Rackemann managed 1 8 consecu- 
tive overs and FoLheringham’s 
wicket without any perceptible loss 
of pace but it proved too much and 
he did not bowl after tea. From SO 
for three. South Africa recovered 
through Pollock's brilliance - he hit 
[Q fours in a fifth which came from 
41 bails - and. when the attack was 

unbroken partnership of 98 between 
Rice and McKenzie. 

SOUTH AFRICA: First kuflrus 211 (K t 
McKenzie 7% CG Rackemann 8 for 84) 
Second In nings 

SJCook-I-b-wb AMennan — 21 

H R Fotheringham, c Rbcon, 
b Rackemann. 

M N Klraran. b Faukiwr- 

R G PoOock, retired hurt. 
*C E B Rice, not out- 

K A McKenzie, not ouL. 


Total [3 wickets] . 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-25. 2-31, 3-80. 
BOWUNG (to text Rackamana 18-4-52-1; 
Alderman. 1 9-3-68-1: Faiitawr. 18-0-85-1. 
AUSTRALIANS: Rr3t Innings 

S B Smith, c PoOocfc, b van 2y1 

J Dyson, c Rice, b Page. 

G Skippered. b la Rota . 

*K J Hughes, l-b-w van Zyl . 

M D Tartar, c Jennings, b Page 

GNYaUop.c Jennings, b van Zyt 

P 1 Faulkner, c McKenzie, b Rice 

.tSJ Rtxon, Lb-w van Zyl. 

C G Rackemann. Lb-w b Rice . 

TM Alderman, not out 

RMHogg. bffce. 

Extras (i-b 13. n*b 4. w 1) . 


SZZ Z, 27-4-83-4: Page. 26-8-37-2: Kourts, 

reduced to two men, a sensible 23-0; Rea. 24-1-43-1 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-45. 2-158. 3-159. 
4-792. 5-214, 6-230, 7-237, 6-263, 9-267. 

BOWLING: La Roux 25-6-68-1; van Z£, 


Morris let off the hook 

Andrew Morris, arguably Bri- 
tain's best-ever international per- 
former, captured the men’s title at 
the Gold Top Champions Cup at 
the Albert Hail on Saturday with his 
usual style and flair (Peter Aykroyd 

In his final routine Morris fell 
from the horizontal bar, attempting 
ihe difficult Tkachev release and 
grasp move, and so gave Carl 
Beynon an excellent chance of 
victory. Incredibly. Beynon experi- 
enced the same mishap and so 
allowed Morris to win for a record 
fourth year running. 

Jacqueline McChnhey, also re- 

tained the women’s title, narrowly, 
when she held off Hayley Price, the 
British champion, by only 0.25 of a 
mark. Miss McCarthey’s opening 
full-twisting Tsukahara vault for 
9.60, plus her confident attack, set a 
high standard. Only Miss Price, in 
her last national competition, came 
near 10 taking the lead but her 
concluding floor exercise lacked 
considerable tumbling contenL 

Him 1. a Moms (Swansea) 5325; 2. C 
Beynon (Swansea) 5250: 3. R Edwards (Mttcn 
Keynes) 51.60. 

WOMEN: (. J McCartney (Loughton) 35.30: 2. 
H Price (Wohrertiampton] 35.05: 3. N Claris 
(Tel rorf) 35^0. 


£8 ( 509 

Need b now challenge? 
Those two senior gentleman 
need a young person (age 
21+) who is well groomed 
and spoken to help mem as a 
real PA. Organise Ihelr diar- 
ies, travel arrangements, 
social do's and help with in- 
ternal reports. The people 
are friendly and there is lots 
ot scope to make the work 
varied and Interesting. 

V Telephone 499 8070 



Working tpr some of Lon- 
don s t op level banking execs 
in Mayfair. You wOl need 
polsa personality and excel- 
lent skills (100/60}- There wil 
be tots o( variety dealing with 
everything from Personnel to 
Investments and occasionally 
look after their beautiful In- 
terior designed recaption 
area. Superb perks include 
annual bonus and WP train- 
ing. Age 23 +. 

V Telephone 499 8070. - 



Executive Secretary/ 
Personal Assistant 
to President of 
Merchant Bank 

£10,000 to £12,800 

As a result of the rapid expansion of our clients 
business he is seeking an executive 
Secretary/Personal Assistant to the President. 
This interesting position based in the West End 
of London involves a high level of independence 
and flexibility, as the President travels frequently 
overseas and the position requires close contact 
with senior management and clients. 

Applicants should have several years of 
experience in a similar position and be fully 
bilingual in English and French. 

Please send career and personal details to> 

Managing Director 
P.H. Recruitment 

42 Upper Berkeley Street London W1 H 7PL 


Nous recharcrions tine secretaire da (Section bfflngue, experiment*® 
of responsaWe qii se contents de n'utffiser le franpals qua de temps 
en temps. Egaiement vous aurez une bonne cormaissance da 
I'espagnol, traltmenl de texts et un nombre de 100/55 en 
steno/dactyto. Salaire; c£1 0,000. 


We have a requirement that would interest young, well-groomed. 
ItaBan speaking Typists and admin Sera, numeracy and WP 
experience is essential, salries negotiable AAE 


City Bank seeks 2 secretaries to work in Corporate Finance. One post 
is for an experience, senior secretary and the second is to work 
alongside. Both posts require excellent speeds (100/55), W.P. 
experience and good conversational French. You must be a vie to 
work under pressure and be flexible on working hours. Salary AAE 
£7-29.000 + 


01-236 5501 

7 Ludgate Sq. EC4 (Mon-Fri 9.30-4.30) (EMP AGY) 


W1 SURVEYORS £10,000 PA + NEG 

PA. with good presentation, for Senior Partner, who enjoys a bust working 
environment Top skills essential (100/60+Wang)^ Varied workload and 
opporturaty to meet dlents, ect 130/35 yra). 

W1 MAGAZINE CO - £8,500 PA 

Socially aware PA/Sec for busy editor of this well-known magazine. Must have 
style, good sJoDs (100/60) and enjoy lesponsibifity. 

£8,000 -£9,000 PA 

We have several Partner's Secretarial positions both in the West End m! the 
City, tor efficient 2nd jabbers who have good sec skins 4- Wang exp. 

Call In and see us today or telephone Sally Owens or Ve/yan Clarke on 01-235 
8427 4 Port Street London SW1X9EL 


Marshall Cavencfisn has 2 secretarial vacancies, one working for a 
small group of Directors and Managers (Including M.D. of the com- 
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Both jobs are very demanding, you w«i need to be a speedy operator, 
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jobs Involve early and late working from time to time. Must have WP 
experience (both positions have IBM PC's) and the Director's Sec- 
retary needs to drive and have shorthand too. 

Salaries:- For Directors secretary £10,000 
Production secretary £9.500 
Phone Claire Paneth on 01-734 671 0 
(*2351) if you’re interested 


£ 12,000 + 

At* you looking tor real varisty and mvcMsmert In your naa fiti? Am PA,' Sac. to 
the M.D. ot the Cotporate Finance deportment ol Hits large stoettrotang firm you 
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ptos audio and WP reqwrad. Please caL- 


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Re cr uitment Consultant* 

1 8 Eldon Street EC2 


Prestigious SW1 co seek a mature secretary Ideally 35+. with 
both s/hand and audio + exp of WP (co will cross-train). Rarity 
of involvement and variety offered in superb offices. 9.30-5, 
bonus, pension, etc. 

Miss Davis, 
315 Oxford St, W1. 


With excellent PA skills, word processing knowledge an advantage, 
required Tor Senior Partner of Chartered Surveyors based near 
Oxford Grcus. Most work os own initiative backed up by a friendly 
and positive team. 

Salary and terms negotiable. 



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lining for a nsw rtwHrn gg in 1SSG sr 
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necwiwn aawuuwm' 




c. £10,000 pa 

ORACLE Teletext Limited, the teletext service for ITV and 
Channel 4. has a vacancy for a Secretary / personnel Assist- 
ant to work in their modem offices close u> Oxford Circus. 
The post involves looking after all aspects of personnel to 
include, keeping records iff sickness, leave, salary adjust- 
ments, placing advertisements for vacancies through ro 
setting up interviews and the general day to day office pro- 
cedures involved with this position for around 55 staff. The 
person responsible will work with the Financial Director 
who also oversees the running of the personnel junction. 
Coupled with this you would provide secretarial support 
for onr if»m of four engineers (soon to be increased to 
seven). A knowledge of word processing is essential 
together with p r oven typing ability. Other duties include 
answering telephone enquiries, typing general correspon- 
dence, sending out orders etc. 

This position would ideally suit a competent secretary who 
has had experience or working in personnel and who now 
wishes to use their iq the full in this interesting and 
varied posiiion. 

Please send foil CV to: 

Mrs B Penfold 
ORACLE Teletext Ltd. 

Craven House 

25-32 Marshall Street London WIV ILL 

All application received by-Friday 31« January 1986 . 



Highly efficient shorthand/audio secretary with at 
least 3 years’ relevant experience is required now for 
a busy senior Company Commercial partner in 
modem open plan offices. 

The applicant should be aged 25-45 and have good 
shorthand and typing speeds, excellent organisational 
ability and be able to deal on own initiative with 
clients in the partner’s absence from the office. 
Dedication and commitment to the job win be the 
principle virtues of the successful applicant who will 
not be required to use a word processor. 

We offer a starting salary up to £1 1,000 with annual 
salary review, 20 days’ holiday, STL, sick pay and 
other benefits. 

Full CV please to Box No 1817 N The Times. 



The Treasurer of this prestigious and well-known com- 
pany is looking for a Sec/P A. The ideal candidate will be 
well presented and enjoy working as part of a busy team. 
Aged 25-35. Speeds 1 1070. 


to £10,000 

A well spoken and well educated secretary is needed to 
join one of the teams of this successful City PR company. 
A knowledge of how the Gty works and/or PR would be 
an advantage. Aged 22-30. Speeds 9(V60. 

35 Bmtm Place «1. 01-48377B9 


College Secretary 

To be responsible for the efficient handling of enquiries for courses 
at the college. The procedures for the admission of students and 
the control of all information concerning the current student body. 
The Coiege Secretary is also in charge of the secretarial, printing 
and stationary service to the academic staff and prepares the 
annual CoRege Calendar. 

This is a senior appointment in the college administration requiring 
a mature personality with first class office skills. The terms or 
employment will reflect the responsibility and the commitments 

Pfras* appfy with a CV to: 

Ttw Binar«nd RBflMrar. 

Th® Royal Agricultural Ccdtege, 

Ctrencmter, Gfoa„ QL7 6JS 


c.£1 3,000 . . 

Successful architectural practice bivoived in housing and leisure 
projects, based In Camden Town needs a highly competent per- 
son to a dmin ister the practice. Responafcllmss fctduoe ftoandal 
anal yses a nd cash forecasts, salaries and aB general book-keep- 

generafaffice administration and some pr omotional activates. This 
b a key role with good prospect s and requires someone with 
excellent financial experience, maturity and flextoffity. Computer 
literacy preferable. Please calk- 


Crone Corkill 

Rmenna CaronMna 

99 Regents Street W1 

£1 2,000 + MORTGAGE 

woe ■ ■ MBMic DhAt tea he «ifc 
de iapMfcg Oy dmgn. A Wrfcrteafcb. 

A «n*ras*r tax 

njoaiiUilte t» mrag tWBnfcltr 
tretos ra urtei ax afe fl 00/60) n 



Crone Corkill 

Recruitment Consultants 

18 Eldon Street, EC2 


We need someone with superior retail experience who enjoys respo lia- 
bility to sdl beautiful antique works of art and contemporary enamels 
in a very busy, happy atmosphere. Excellent prospects, top salary. 
Please wtoetn confidence to: 

Managing Director, Halcyon Days, 

14 Brook Street, London WIY 1AA. 




Audio Secretary for friendly 
hard working International 
Solicitors in WC2. 

01-831 2741 
(No agencies) 


itqnna xavtary/PA tor itidr Dirac* 
tor. ability u hqt at KB 

jo ta*. very tyros, ai or ibc 

(cfaptNBC. Mob 2ad/M jobber with 
a w imnn »i K rbatitj, inmiitt tfauL 
music«rodd experience. Hoae me 
inatfced PERSONAL, to the Dtreoor. 
Paris Orouft 24 Roe St, L»* 
Acre, Caveat Garden. Lsadn WC2E 



Chansrad curvayors In ptesrant 
modam offloaa [3 minteas Oxford 
Circus tuba) seek wet ensantod 
trieprionW/racatafa rt te. Good odu- 
cstional background. I fr o te n o d age 
23+ . Fringe benefits Indudt gonor- 
ous lunch alowanoe. PFP 6 bnaraat 
boa STL Tetoptans Dnfcl Jaflar- 
oon on 01-6067601 (no agendas). 



Successful Knights bridge based 
property co requires PA/Sec (27- 
35) to Chief Executive. Excellent 
Stolls (120/60) and the ability to 
take responsibility are essential. 
Property experience is desirable 
salaycil 1,000 + good benefits 
apply with full Cv to Bex No 
.227EL The Times ' 

Don’t let 

it rain 
on your 
parade. ** 

■If you re ait experienced 
senior secretary, kwfcaw for 
temporary wm and 
familiar with at least one of 
the following WP systems: 
AES. Digital Decrmte. 
Oliv ET 3 51, Wti/w dr IBM 
Display/VC. we can offer 
you senior level assign- 
ments with top rates $pay 

M cuBlain N ash can give 
you a brighter outlook. 
Contact Victoria Martin, on 
01-439 060L .. 

r 4 

Recruitment Consultants 
Carrington Hods# '■ "■ V 

13D Kegent Street • 

Loadoa WtR 5FE. 



IBM 5520/Shorthand Secs 1 

Phillips 5020/Audio Secs ; - 

Shorthand Secs with good WP skills for cross train_ £fi,10p)i 

Wordpiex Audio Sacs ..KJNtpii 

Shorthaid Secs._ ^ 

Copy Secs — ...£4^0ph 

Monarch Swith board Operators..^ TT : £4 J30ph 

Phasa contact Lynda Bough dr 81 -439 1491/6 


Recnjfenent Conauftants 
3rd Floor, 1 New Buffington StrBWt, 
London W1X1FD 


As the new regulations governing Uoyds come into effect 
and the move to foe new bwkflng fooms nearer, this unusual 
position within a weD-estabtished firm of underwriters is 
bound to be involving. A newly created Director, who is also 

the administrator, needs your secretarial support 'working 
closely together, you wfli haw ' ' 

have extsnsrvB contact with the 

“names", whose affairs are handled by the firm and there is 
the opportunity tor the right person to move onto toe 
administrative side in the near future. A sense of humour is 
vita), as is a flexible approach, good presentation and sound 
skills (100/60). Salary £8,500. Pfeasecafl:- 


Crone Crekifl 


18 Eldon Street London EC2 


We are a small firm of solicitors specialising in Shipping 
and expanding steadily. We need a secretary with short- 
hand and educated to A level standard or ecpilvaient who 
would be responsible tor correspondence, word proces- 
sing, fax, telex, telephone and office administration. 

As the sole secretary you would have the opportunity to 
gain experience in ana take responsibility if you wished for 
other areas, eg billing, accounts and working on toe actual 
cases we ere handling. Age & experience are far less 
important than flexibility, intelligence and wttingness. Sal- 
ary is no problem for a person with these attributes. Other : 
usual benefits. Please phone: 

Karen on 839 4908 
London SW1Y6ES 

4H..U W * ^ ton4 ’ 

Willi* I'* ■ wa T* 

» X'a'cBttftat Wlb » 

V) temporary from...? : 

1 env BHM «n/wnr BB SMM 00 K 

The first numbera !o ring 

to £10,00 

flit M D of a prestigious French 
trine company is offering an 
gcttig opportunfly to irtm Wm in 
file West End. You wflf nwd io be 
a good orgsdser. mu spoken & 
presented. Your respoosJUtities 

wffl Inckide 


ide preparing kmches & 
as wen as some basic 

B. .with Skins 100/Ga 

to £ 10,000 

A superb opportunity for »Seq/PA 
with PuUc Rotations .or.- Cfty 
experience. You assist the 
Deploy M0 in an exciting and 
demaxtag role which offers &» 
tovotvomert with- efients and 
accounts. If you at 2+30 yrs, 
"rieinpent, sophisticated and ten.;, 
exceflent sec. skfBs. Contact . 
Janette Palfrey. . : 

OIMI 1541Rec Com' 

Pnce -lamescm 

ftartnas Udi 



WJ OIWfUIM nouse OH 

fotiwme fully involved in aH aspects of research : 4 

prt^ects .witWn their prestigious group. «0t 

S5S s t“£ ,port * chairman 

Mrs May, 


88 Cannon St, EC4. 



g™gJ^as«rti 0 |oinBw'a Hoaptai, 




- wiiua t jree accom- 

222^° ** 2 ftreraS 

tickets home per year 


05iin^a M " AMW °" 



£9,600 + perks 



erty based firm: Tfe.pbsfftan.^! 
qwus a 8eff start w with «peta« 
ational arto comniunlcaWt- 

Discretion, flawMity, ?™.- 



01-405 8148 V - 



I ; 

UN 2 C- 


ij- ■ 

- ■ 

j «: ■its- : 


c ?<r. rr 

* » I v , 2 ; j 


»>sT’v ' . r ’ 

WSjrO v 
V +..! *»•* vl. 



Trade 01-278 9161/5 





, • . MOVE INTO 

:Vr« 104»0 1 
- AsupartyopportuhRyfora 
senior asorotary to join 
the Marketing Director of 
- a vary- successftJ City 
company.: Add up the 
i toensflts, a free kmch, haif 
pric* holidays, and a large 
• profit share. 

: -This Is a new position 
: with crest . DotentiaL 

It i:ViNiSTRAl 

•■•••• . ‘Sw 

-■■■ .® 

•- : ;■ o:.‘<aipa«s 
■ ..raprxo 

. .CtyOUW3S51 
Wert End 01-240 353IOSI1 




ccs.wh r^v- 

Opportunity to get really involved in a 
sitiafl. Triaixfly, pmfBsskxui fxm bt 
Cluttered Surveyors. As PA to a 
senior Snvayor who generates ao- 

.-•! ::;crjiQt 
• •. • .r j *i5haafc- 

... 2 r P (arte 
v : /. ?pesi& 

■i 2 “; :ures 0& 

I 'i i r'2 

tivrty your general secretarial duttes 
wffl induce Ws at telephone mt and 
the possibility of -viewing property . 
Initimva. axceUeot telephone bww, 
arid “ffa required +.-2 

ywre exp. Age earqr are. n you are 
flfflnjj in Sms or are indedded you 
may Bo to join ax'*** temporary 
team. Pteasa ring:- - 



Urgently required, SW15 (£9.000 
nqj.). Sec 1 required to assist iyoup 
accounts* end financial teractor of 
busy holding company. Numeracy, 
good sac skffls suI telephone maw 
important as wi be dealng «tth 
banks, suppfiars and atosMIaiy 

Sec 2 wffl ba assisting ten busy 
Directors la clothing compa ny. 6ood 
su skBs inqnrteMtfuiad) v^niaad. 
ftadWe and My approach are the 
key requirements.' ■ 

Phone Media Mtn 
"81-7885686. . 

c £10,500 

Dart at Bred* M rod Ml* tftte 
up! H pm are nrtv 30's bee «te- 
a fain. ‘ nganisetionri flar. My 
pwanfiy and good pereraatao ye* 
coted rojoy ropeb jwte e 
tenonti tt netooidna ftm (M 
contact Ehae Price 

%£m M:Peov\e~ 


age 28-35' 

Required for etfremeJy busy 
director of Health Leisure 
group. Able to work under- 
pressure, alsowor kton a 
hours when necessary, 
shorthand required. Please 
sand CV and lull details to 

Box No 2Z7B L The Tbme 


Sanior Tory MP requkes ad ag»»- 
bed experienced Sec retey tp deal 
«i ft eonsffiusocy and pasted ert 
60/100 wjffl. 



THt ran* fottenp no mprey » 
janw tejooidng tor an anatom 
■cams ahoflhand PMsecyth £.*5 

e idirin fa retti*. For fwihar 

on 81434 0091 CMntaT . 


A -world famous lashion 
magazine soefcs-a young 
secretary to Mr editor. 
You show have exceSer* 
apeteng and grammar wfth 
an eye lor (total. THs is a 
superb first job or if you 
have got soma previous 


Ambitious & confident wtth an outgo- 
ing persoraffly becontog part of a 
busy team this secretajy wffi possess 
a detire to. develop a career ra sties 
and me tering. ratably Me 20s 
you'll lew shorthahd eof typing with 
WP experience and an interest in ate-, 
tech emAorem*. . • 

A tteary qp to X1I£M k amfsaged 
atifa otetilert MDriong cmdHbns. 

production department. 
You'D receive a second to 
none training to afl office 
systems and can look 
forward to superb pros- 
pects as they always try 
to promote from within. 
90/45 skti needed. 

Oij 01-240 3551 
Wert bxi 01-240 353V35R 


Senior Secretary 
.;v>City Office . 

Senior Fenner of wdl known 
c ha rtered surveyors seeks 
seoeury/PA. Prodae offices 
3 TwitYwi^ . Bwt trtoe. 
Prefi aied aae 25+. Audio A 
shorthand. Good wi wi iinwi 
bsdcjrotmd. Fringe benefits 
rachide generous loncta 
allowance, PPP & interea 
free STL. Write or telephone 
David Jef fe rs o n. Vigen. 4 
Frederick’s Race. Old Jewry, 
1 -rnvirm EC2R 8DA. 
Telephone 01-606 7601 (no 
efic a ci e«L 

c £10,880 - 

Successful ytxjr^ co. 
spedalising In Integrated 
W.P. systems (Wang, 
IBM) seeks confident 
person to -service client 
companies &' create in- 
house, training facilities. 

Please France* GO 

ComputeMJnk Ltd Jtee Cons, i 


TO* busy but Hmeang portSon 
woridDflforw M-P. kiewHouMOf 
convnoo*. reqtirre an *nBMtarte 

andorgnmorereoa pndaraUyvgj 

padanwrtwy axparlance to htip 
oraanlM Hi* 0ffic& 100/50 wpm. For 
fcnher dtoals eaa Mm or Wvlan on 


The St Stephens Secretrtet 
316 vauxhaflSribg8.Ro®!, SW1 
. (RecCoffi) 24VAns. 

I f a :{h!T fit : f 


^9,000 + Mortgage 

Prestigious Merchant Bank ur- 
gently require a PA/Secretary fw 

3 marketing executives. Candi- 
riates should have proven sec- 
retarial skills (90/60). knowledge 
of wp/pc and -the ability to teise 
with all levels of staff aid clients. 
Good organisational skflls are 
essential m order to cope with a 
hectic workload and a busy diary. 

ler farther detafls please cafi 

n* 238 1113C24hr») 


6^1 0,000 

Successful bustoeromst 
is kxrisng for chamring PA 
with exc. eUs.u neip 
him frith iris many .varied 
krterests. He won® from 
kwtiy house in SW1. and 
needs someone to toteriy 
orgvfce Iris fife. 


Bright entturiestie sewetary/PA w- 


BWngual executive secretary 
required- Appficants must be 
fluent in Engfisfi/Frencb and 
have SH to both languages.' 
Good orgsdsatkxtelskSs. Good 
crganteationel skffis. Salary 
negotiable '+ tavei tocUties. 
PIbbss contact . 

- Mr* Carefine Orpin 
French Ito finy * Lid 
179 PlccadSty, W1Y DBA ' 

01*483 9731 








The VWn Islands, Berm u da, sort- 
sotioad Ctfferna —even dhe best 
of the world's hotldajs hoc-spas 
need prefessfeaxl pranoocn. A* 
Junior Secretary in this lend lest of 
young companies, joe wt be 
imohwd to she fes-moviog world 
of PR and narfceuw — promoting 
some of die mast beaudfui pen- 
diseson earthTosurvne yoo writ 
need retfence, a quids mind and 
lots of personality Gfcren these 
attribute* and good shorthand/ 
typtofc yoo tan expect to ro br — 
faenly! Abb 19+ . Please tele- 
phone 01 -493 -5787. 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Of d Bond Street, 
London W1 . 

f F«ru«ment Gonsduuod 

Temping ••• 

No hassles. No let-downs. 
JuSt plain, Simple, hi gh 
.grade temping, - - ■ 

A tasteful package of top jobs, 
e&te rates and thoroughly 
professional service. 

If you have sound skills and 
experience, you should be 
talking to ‘The W)ik Shop'. 
Telephone Sue Cooke on 


HBH Comuhanla BBHB 

£9,500 city 

Ntw poskion arite nparefing busi- 
ness Info co. Opportmty id be- 
coma tovoivad to ov e rseas s ain / 
irartamg Director. Eng- 

lish S/h-Ags 22-30. 

£8,500 city 

Excellent renwrartikm package 
oRsred for position kleti lor 2nd 
iobber or recant C/L with S/H in 
both languages assisting M0 of 
French bmk. 

SSjm city 

Mkting Daector major mt Bank 
seeks Personal Sec. kteaby with a 
year's exp: Eng S/H. 

Pnon L 29 B 96 Cnstfats 



UP TO £9,000 + COMM 

Rare oportunity to escape 
the sac role. If you have 2 
years prsv sec axp min o/a 
education and are switched 
on to new technology, 
ennjoy constant tel Rason 
and problem solving then 
this is for you. 

Can Clare Brown 
602 3012 

Slaffptan Bee Cons 

£ 11,000 

Executive secretary required by 
this busy oil co. as we8 as 
having eh typ & wp skflls you writ 
be organised end toteffy 
unflappable with Initiative! hBgti 
administrative content! 

$17,9 Uptown Peraorme! 

D1 8282727 

£ 10,000 pa 

Sac PA. -very ww briflftf I nde ed, 
driver. 12qj «. Sfk e nerg eti c , to 
help hwch major protect 

SEC £8,000 

Erector of hectic PR group to 
luxury RfvereUe offices, needs 
PA/Sec to assist wttti cflent toU- 
eon, admin A see etqmort (no 
sh/Budio). Trwntoa on WP. Ago 
2Qs+. DetafiS, 408 1220. Steve 


Ti mwiiiy montaWWl ItiM 

SaJSySeewi to- me re e toMtaa 
accngupofl totoQ wx l libh . Salmi 

to witoig wWa tv 

Sa nww eegr twe r e fere a e ta 

Box Rt 1316 H 


I > f Jf ~ (j j 

I 1 1 V: i n V rw if ii i ; t i M 

r>i>i ^ 1 

of Bond St. 

No6S,teertriMrl»i«Ririid . 

.v.m-6291204 .: 

~ f6r exemplary. 



Are you interested in worfrtog in 
Foreign Dept of a world famous 
newspaper, apedeBstog in Cur- 
rent Affaire. You wfl be highty 
involved end spend a great deal 
of time on the telephon e, con- 
tacting journalists etc. AbSty to 
work imder pressure is very 
Im po rt an t as is effici en cy end 
accuracy. E x c e lle nt skBs re- 
quired (SH & typing) and WP 
e x perience is usafti. Some 
experience to e aimfiar environ- 
ment would be a great advart- 

£8,50G-£9,O0O . 

If you hwe a least 1 European 
teraoge (spoken) an interest m 
Yacht Bfoiong, togefrur with a trimly 
fun pHsofisWy then a young MO 
broad in supsb offices near Bond 
St voted be interested in meeting 
yea No SH (uufufr but good typing 
and wffingnos to use WP essen- 
ment and exceflem career propects. 

of Bond St. 

neciuianent Consultants 
m 55. tma tar B FtnwhteJ J* 
01-523 1204 i 

Yo u ng ene ifi etic 
of prapeny mvrsnnent and 
devriopment PLC in 
Deeds equally energetic and 
commercially minded 

Phone 01-493 6441 between 

c. £9,500 

Frot typing with rusty stortband sod 
aufio-vwy resp onsibl e job as 
chairman -travels extensively. Smart 
friendly co near Barbican tube. Age 

Ctei Pat 485 8S11 


c £10,000 

fra te sart Co with tong term 
pnmntion plans re^rires copy 
sttfO&y to moiteor pubfierty 
cfat Mtan and Gaiss write mette 
and staff knowtedge of I BM 
systems to igtialt dm base a 

Please pheee Pat Hro^aaf 
Q 07 9071 

Computer-Link Ltd 
Rec Cons 

to £11,000 

A top City company seeks a senior secretary to an execu- 
tive. This is a new position, with the emphasis placed 
firmly on the PA rote. You w3i be with VlP's and very confi- 
dential material, so discretion and soda! confidence are of 
paramount importance. A stable work history end 100/50 
skflls needed. 


Elizabeth Hunt 

. Recrurbnenl Consuftonts 

k Si ; 4 t i » : 

* ▼ f 
! 1 ? 

i \ 

\ 1 

r V ; 

: L i ; 

\ ▼ * 

: fc i - 

t y 1 

I Ji \ 

j V : 
l 1 & i 


L T i! 
L T ii 
! ,Y ! 

s * 1 

l li t 

? ▼ I 


; w t 



Newcastle Competitive Salary + car 

We are Mercantile Credit, a member of the Barclays 
Bank Group and one of the largest and most prestigious 
finance houses in the UK. 

We are now looking for a Special Accounts Officer 
who will be responsible for handling the collection of 
outstanding consumer and industrial accounts. This is 
an extremely important part of our business and must 
be carried out in the most tactful manner. 

The successful candidate will not necessarily need 
experience of this kind of work as full training will be 
given, but we do need a person who is able to solve 
problems fairly but firmly, who is both persuasive and 
understanding, aged between 35-45 and who can 
easily adapt 10 a flexible working pattern. 

In return we offer an attractive salary plus a 
company car. together with an excellent benefits 

For further details contact Mr. M. W. Young, 

Branch Manager on 0632 815321 , 

Mercantile Credit Company Limited, 

Mercantile House, Osborne Terrace, Jesmond, 
‘Newcastle-on-Tyne, NE2 INTO. 

. 4 ; : 
« w 1 

; * . t ‘Newcastle -on -Tyne, NTS2 1’ 

j 7i \ Mercantile Credit 

v- •,» \ - ' 

The Professional Approach 

We are looking for first class senior-level temporary secretaries to join our busy, 
professional team in Central London. In addition to good secretarial skills of at least 100/60 
you should also possess 2 years' Director IbvbI secretarial experience in London and W.P. 
skills are always in demand. We win pay you excellent hourly rates, send you to an 
interesting variety of clients, and you will be temping at the level you deserve. 

If you are also looking for a permanent job and are not sure of you next step, we have many 
opportunities currently available for temping into permanent positions. 

Please telephone lor an appointment or a fact sheet:- 

01-434 4512 (West End) 

01-588 3535 (City) 

Crone Corkill 

Recruitment Consultants 




Exerting new awcany ipecaflting in 
travel books needs brqm enteusiastic 

secrefcry /assistant mm fluency m 

Starash and French to be part of a 
creative harttoortang but informal 
atmosphere. Must have first class 
technical skfls and desire to grow 
ante fast exparefing company. Word 
processing experience very helpful 
Immedate start. Office near Old 
Street tube age 23-30 

Write with CV to 
Ju Kruse 

Travel Guidelines Ltd 
33 Mssnnn Street 
Lofldm WC1A 1LD 

19,000 neg. 

Personnel WC2 

wen S0% tomm canon pis busy 
posXxo s seeing a cantoUB atria to 
mm dcteries ant pnonnse. Yoo 
met essaealfr be able to keen calm 
« 1 ensis. be sensitive to staffing 
pnatons and a typing speed of 60 
wpm b a must Em»u era rewards, 
meuring pad ovenane, stadogd 
restxra and nesdiaie 

of Bond St. 

Recruitment Consultants 
L Ka 55 [out daw to fcnwriEb) 

' 61-129 1204 

c£10 s OOO PA 

Chartered Quantity Surveyors in 
New Bond St require e xperie nc ed 
aid able secretary, (to tun the 

Wad procsssing experience, 
excellent typing (70 + wpm) and 
presentation essential. Varied 
lesponsUtiu. snofl friendly ttifica 

Please telephone 01 493 4445 
(Mr Andrews or Mr Thompson) for 

JirniisiiMtf ; nkfiLl 

Top level appointment for Junior Sec 
(mtiwnum 3-6 mttrs experrenca). No 
SH. accurate typing. WP good edu- 
cational backgroinf Help sen. sec to 
look after well known hard working 
charm aa Smart appearance, socially 
confident, mate pram mera dams in 
media, government and industry. Sal- 
ary to E7.500 a.a.e. City Co. Phone 
Caroline 73ri 3768 or 437 8476 
133 Oxford St.. Rec Cons. 


required as part of multi- 
disciplinary team, based on 
humastK model. Age 25-35. 

Tel 01 -935 2565 
01-935 7873. 


c £9,008 

The young and dynamic 
managing director of a fast 
growing design company 
is urgently looking for an 
excsfent secretory with 
WP experience- Luxwious 
offices with a wonderful 
“buzzy" atmosphere. 
Must nave exceflent skills 
and a charming telephone 
manner. Fabteois oppor- 

Call Mandy Stafford 

Staff Introductions 

TEL. 01-486 6951 


Pubic Reunion canpwY m Cimwn Town 
requiBs sraray wJti pxK tones m 
Ovnhand and lyong ® wort m smji but 
Durr ofln Salcnr S7.500-£3.0W Pto- 
|ri<jnf SWrien Dawf 

01-485 0668 or mile to 
Centrehurst LimHed 
8-10 Parkway 
London NW1 7AA. 


The busy partner of Ifns prestigious 
soTiolo/s deals with rmsi ia> and 
probate rusty shonhano useful, a 
dynamic personality essential 1 

01-828 2727 


S 01-837 0668 


Chatoncng powian tot young etc ' 
teury - 3dsn - pi em a b ro rrxeweh 
preefaminB* tor prraoe nospod in 
NWq. Dy vahng aponson and toun- 
ctona wpp eato Some ottce dut»». 
goad tvpnd- Imc ta doa WP fwffl 
sots Dam). 6ie al art pometeri 
pmpsa Starting sstoy c£7.000 
pa * ewfr rewaw. kmcha*. aoeoi 
•eMta and «pv fonctet. 

c £10,000 pa 

Total p ai lmj e mn n in S Kan for 
ACtnm Asestanl PA m sm «8 sat 19 
dealing m comoutora 25-35 nn, 
somt s/ti and lypmq. nmency and 
et rewd eoBfiy to gn imoiwd m 
every aspea ol daw teson at eaao 
level Eaaflenl prospaos _>* 

01-583 8807 


REnOJITMENT HfleULEANTS ■ 21 Bnsupfmt Arcade, KnightdridgE SW3 

Secretary to 

Public Relations Manager 

The Financial Times .Newspaper requires and experienced 
«cr«lin to join U lively pubir Rrlalionn drpartmenl. lie *»ork 
is demanding + varied 4- involves secretarial duties as sell Jf 
Msuting with the organisation of major P.R. functions. 

An O Level education is essential plux Rood shorthand is ping 
skills word proccstngi experience would he an aasei salary 
£7.900 p/a. 

Please write enclosing full CV 10 : The Personnel department 
Financial Times Bracken House 10 Cannon Street London 



Bwiimn die Aurinss eow require 1 bright, capable secretary tor Ibrir 
fvwi rji iw in 

Thh B i t ereriin K wifl wralve the day to day rtinmnf of a busy office 

i/ i* wit! gfgaal vadin^ d mics 

Zdeti appheam* will be 3H-. bare sound leowrial mpenenee and he able ra 
■tirtt luid Bader pseunre. 

Salary tsssriaWeaeeoniing to age and experience. 

pjeasf xppty with fcfl CV la 
Boatam* Chelna Galleries 
65-69 Log Road 
LondW SW100RN. 

\ 2 mjJ 

Seeretary/Geaeral Office Unuu 

repaired in Home Furnishing Dcugn Coontraaiioo Depanmeni ai Lsura 
Ashley Design Cenirc. C1*pbam. Must have minimuni of 1 year sccitfUnal/of- 
fireapeiicncc, good typing and shonhaud necessary Aged between lyxno2- 
Phase reply ia writing with full CV to Antonia Kirwan-Tayior, 
Laura AsUej Ltd, 49 Tenperley Road, Clapham, SWl 2 8QE. 

r^v- a . 1 1 ! 

m m m 




® OX-837 0668 




If you enjoy a small office 
in the city and love var- 
iety this is for you. 

SH/typing. lots of tele- 
phone work, reception, 
telex and petty cash. 

Age 25*. 


Sleiia Fisher 

836 6644 


Lots of interest and involve- 
ment as a Professional 
Secretary at one of the Post 
Graduate colleges. 



medical experience 
is essential. 

To £8,500. 


Stella Fisher Recruitment 

RECEPTION /TV a. AdirrtUtno. 

£0.500 Two exertion! opnortiWHIes 
(or outgoing experienced reception- 
1 st* lo take up busy frontline positions 
within these prestigious media com- 
panies. The prospects. Benefits 1 
atmosphere axe all excellent, if you 
arc 20 yrs with typing of SO wgm 
contact Janette. 01-631 1541. Price 
Jamieson tt Partners. Rcc Cons. 

PROPERTY m Mayfair. Well known 
p ropery company has an opening for 
a young enthusiastic secretary to look 
after a partner. You should have 
good shills and be sufficiently self- 
motivated to handle the great deal of 
admin and client liaison. C. £7.600. 
Contact: Audrey Dicker 683 1034 
Merldllh Scon iRccrultmenu. 


Are you looking for a Job which ts 
interesting and challenging? Lively 
editorial department of leading 
national magazine needs 
secretarial assistants For senior 
editors - people who can show 
initiative as weJI as having 
common sense would suit 
miettgent college leavers with 
good secretarial skins (100/60) 
and sense of humour who like 
dealing with people and can take 

responsibility. Please write with 
details of age. education and any 
experience to 

Box 1221 N, The Times 


mure secretary / shorthand / audio 
typist for very busy rental department. 
Capable of dealing wih all aspects ot 
office rite and dealing with the public. 

584 5361 

Dental Practice inswi 

requires girt Friday to help with 
recaption & nursing duties. 
Experience useful but not 
necessary. Friendly cheerful 
cSa postion & good appearance. 
Salary £6,000 negotiable. 

Teh 225 1877 


Horse racing body seeks reception- 
ist to start immediately. The suc- 
cessful app E c an t for ouf stnafl 
friendly office must have a good 
telephone manner and some typing. 
Sfliay on application. 
Telephone: Caroline Buttta 
on 405 5346 


for Managing Directors office of city 

insurance brokers IP tram as secnsiary 
/ assistant Good shorthand a typing 
essential. School / college lover 
considered. Win train in general office 
/word processing skills. 

Apply in writing 
with CV marked private to 
Personnel Manager 

c/ 015/16 America Square 
London EC3N2LA 

Current Affairs Journal needs bright 
voung S.'H Sec educated Id 'A' level 
who'll enjoy working lo dradlliw In 
busy, lively. Wen End Office to 
£ Coven c Garden Bureau. 1 lo 
Reel St- EC4. 363 7696. 

turns JLemntak. 

CouM mm cm wtOi ■ busy a ay in ■ small 
(fOGKM Drain, private bom Bulraretml 
wub modem «<fuc ondMicnl near Liverpool 


Telephone Aiithony WIeier on 

01-377 1010 

Typ eowpm. £ clothing allow, 
once for West End Fashion Co. 
Varied, demanding socman. Ring 
Vanessa on 734 7823 Ktaesland Pen 

£7.500 -i-+ lo -start 

Famous earth many rattiride business 
interests offer unustai opportunly tor a 
bright b*J anbtious Judor seattty to Idn 
a mtiy team in ttar hgaf/Sdmjn dejwr- 
mmt VWIed m> otmn«iy totcrestaig 
itrt. Alert nknd , ten same « tniror and 
tots of MtUtn assemaL lam WP. Excel- 
lent saps and CD. benefits, fag Sue Junes 


for a senior partner to look after both 
Mi business and wsonal 
commitments. Own office £9X00. 
SMB* a/I» 90 wwi, Mint « wpm. 
Rina Annena 734 7325 KinosUnd 

The Polytechnic of Central London 

PCL is a braadlv based institution at the forefront of academic and _ professional education, rosearcft aid', 
continuing education. Applications are invited forthfl following va canoes. - 

SECRETARY c £9,000 with seme of 
humour and ability lo survive In 
hectic environment. Lola or 
admin 'tele liaison, pood skins 
100-60. WP exp and financial 
background rtOd Perks Include 5 
weeks’ hols. Contact Linda Hlnpston. 
683 0055 Court Associates (Apyl. 

ADVERTISING Junior Asslslani. 
18/19. good audio typing In 
chairman's office. £7.000. Capful 
People Rec Cons. 01-240 9384 

SLOANE COLLEGE leaver as sec for 
West End establishment to work with 
young management team. Excellent 
prospects. Salary neg, 930-6.50 

NON COMMERCIAL - OV selection 
(Rec Cons) has sec vacancies m the 
church & academic fields. Circa 
£8.000 pa. Phene 838 3846 for 
further details. 

part or school holiday*! will occur Lti 
March. at, a result of retirement- lor 
an experienced person lo act as Sec- 
retory to the Headmistress and to 
share In the general work of a busy 
independent school office. Discretion, 
adaptability, a cool head, ability to 
work with others, wtsdon In relations 
with parents, children & staff, a sense 
of humour - excellent typing - are 
essential. A challenging & satisfying 
post for the right person. Salary by 
negotiation. Apply by February 3IU 
with full CV & particulars of referees 
(o the Headmistress from -whom 
furtlter Information can be obtained, 
from Northampton High School. 
Derngato. Northampton NNI I UN. 

perks. If you feel that you can handle 
more than at present Join this pres- 
tigious international city based co. 
You will be assisting the Adminis- 
tration Manager with a variety of 
duues. Lots of involvement + 

excellent prospects. O level rd A 
competent sh - typ skills are necessary 
and If you ran combine this with a 
bright and adaptable personality then 
please call Lorraine Huidmanti on 
405 6148. Klngsfand Pers Cons. 
LH'IO 1.4. 


£ 8 . 000 . - jor books publisher 

requires 5 .lary for Director of 

general 6 .-fiction tmbUshing. This 

is an exceptional tv initre-dmi 
position, dealing with authors, co- 
ordinating production & design 
teams, liaising with rights dept. You 
should have an outgoing manner dr a 
capacity for i occasional: ■ assertive- 
ness Excellent shorthand 'typing A t 

E r'-, sec exp also requested. Age 20*. 

lease telephone 01-493 5787. 

Gordon Yates Consultancy. 

AAE. What an opportunity for some- 
one with a minimum of 6 months 
experience. Good shorthand/ typing 
v kills and WP. Working for a depart- 
mental manager. ECt area, 
overseeing two other secretaries. You 
must be confident and be able to use 
sour excellent secretarial training to 
full advantage. Maximum age £4. 
Gan Margaret. 406 6046 Kingslpnd 
Pers Cons. 

SUPER JOBS sec/ pa SW3 to director 
of sales • marketing. Good typing. 
someS 'H useful. Have good sense of 
humour. reliability and good 
telephone manner. Nice, varied dav. 
Salary cXIO.OOO. age 25* Mrs 
Byzantine on 222 6091. Norma 
Skemp Personnel. 

PERSONNEL. £7.250. Prestigious 
Westminster firm seeks person 2540 
to loin busy personnel dept as assist- 
ant- Fast typing reaulred, and good 
social manner an obvious advantage 
as lots of client contact. Can Nicky on 
630 7066. Klngslond Pers Cons. 

CROYDON £6.600. Why commute? 
Work locally for this very succ es sful 
firm of computer recruitment con- 
sultants- Some previous office experi- 
ence and 66 wpm Typing ability 
needed. Training given on the latest 
woTd processor. Please telephone Ol- 
240 36S1 iCItyi. or 01-240 

3611 '3531 iWeat Efldi. Elizabeth 
Hunt Recruitment Consultants. 


“St Trade 01-837 2104 and 01-278 9232 Private Ot -8373533 or 53U 

also on page 30 


Over 1 3 million of the most affluent people 
in the country read the classified columns of The 
Times. The following categories appear regularly 
every week, and are generally accompanied by 
relevant editorial articles. 

SI MONDAY Education: University Appointments, Prep. & 
Public School Appointments. Educational Courses, 
Scholarships & Fellowships. 

{3 TUESDAY Computer Horizons: a comprehensive guide to 
the market 

Legal Appointments: Solicitors. Commercial Lawyers. Legal 
Officere, Private & Public practice. 

3 WEDNESDAY La Creme de la Creme:- Secretarial/PA 
appointments over£7500. General secretarial 
Property:- Residential. Commercial. Town & Country, 
Overseas. Rentals. 

IS THURSDAY General Appointments: Chief Executives. 
Managing Directors, Directors. Sales and Marketing Execu- 
tives, Public.Finance and Overseas Appointments. 

K FRIDAY Mol on: A complete car buy ers' guide featuring 
established dealers and private sales. 

Business lo Business. 

E3 SATURDAY Overseas Travel: Holidays abroad. Low co:t 
nights. Cruises, Car hire. 

U.K. Travel: Hotels, Cottages, Holiday lets. 



To place your advertisement telephone 

and Designers. Permanent/ 
Temporary poofttom. A MSA Special- 
ists Agency. 01-7340632. 

FRENCH and English shorthand 
PA /Sec. Wl. Typed cvfs to 
Ore rf our Personnel. 66 Red Lion SL 


PCL has established a national and international rupuatatfon tor its traning (teaching & research) « biotech- 
rvjJogy. The School offers courses at both undergraduate and postgraduate level and su^SMhiS'iTOVKtal 
tor M>hil and Ph.O degrees. PCL plays a pivoted rotejn ven ^^. ' 

with University College London and the University of Kwt and Cantertiuj m 5SS' 

Studies as wu as wttit other London polytechnics m the London Centre of BKjtecfmoiogy. Applications are 
Invited from distinguished and well-qualified scientists, abfe to offer leadership, vision, as well as having a 
proven track rword in biotechnology. ' .* 


& Computer-aided engineering 

The School is a recognised centre for computer-aided manytecturing with in active research programme. 
The Head is required B develop undergraduate teaching and tead the School m tne design ara-impjefnen--- 
tation of relevant case studies and project wort. Candidates should have an academic 3nd/{y bBusfrial- 
backgraund with spedafisation in one of the following areas: computer-aided design, computer-aWed aigtn-. . 
eering, manufacturing systems. 


The Faculty of the Environment is a centre for advanced education for the construction industry and associ- 
ated professions Applicants should be well-qualified, with experience in arttwr higher education or in a pro* ■ 
tessional capacity. In addition: candidates should have the understanding or ability to lead and develop the 
School's educational programme and to enhance the scholarly context m which undergraduate, and post- 
graduate teaching can nourish. ... 


The PCL Faculty of Law is one of the largest Polytechnic Law Faculties in the Unflsd Kingdom, tt offers a 
wide variety of full and part-time courses including Access. Degree and postgraduate and Legal Executives 
(Fellowships), also an expanding short course programme. Candidates tor both posts should be weO-maJt-. , 
tied - an appropriate professional qualification being normally expected of those applying tor the School. of 
Professional Legal Studies. 

Further details are available from the Personnel Officer, PCL .309 Regent Street. London Wf R 8AL, to whom 
applications should be made in writing with a ful curriculum vitas. 

Closing dale: 12 February 1986. 

Salary Scale: El 8, 264- £20 ,166 inclusive. 


fh e Pc l v t e cbm c o i C a n ■ f * i L o a o r. 


® 01-837 1326 and 01-837377= 

1 ' . 


FOUR JUNIOR and TWO SIXTH Form Music Scholarship, 
value up to two third i of current Tee*, ore available for 
competition for boy* and prt* entering the school at 13 or 
directly Into the Sixth From. 

Muse Scholarships for entry in S eptember 1986 take place at 
Bryanston as follows: SIXTH FORM - Thursday 6th 
February: JUNIOR - Toes, llib and Wed. 12ib February. 
For further details please spply as soon as passible to The 
Registrar, Bryanston School, B landlord Done! DT11 OFX 
(Teh 0258 52411 J. 


to be held on 3ht 4fh *-5tlr ofMarth, 1 986 ' '. 

The following scholarships are offered: 


T!u Fishmongers* Scholarship of up lo 100*6 of less. 

On Fishmongers* Gampanp Scholarship of £1 JWO pa. 

One nstunangarar Company Schoiargtup for Mnsic or Art of £1 USOO pa. 


County SchotarsMin ftnaxtmum of two) combined value not to exceed 
£600 pa. 

Candklases rauat be under X4 on 1st AprtL 1986. 

Apply to the Head m ailCT-a Stus U iy. Grasltnm's 8(2too{. Hoft. Norfolk- 
CkHtng dale 1-7U) February 1986. 

CONSULTING ROOM lift 6tn x 9ft 
bln overlooking garden available in 
cheerful profearimal bulkana. I 
minute South Kcnslnoton lube. 
Communal walttna room. 
Appointments made. £30 per half 
day. Reductions If WCTP I sessions 
rcqulrod. Tel 01-581 8393. 


MINTON JAR DINER E In perfect con- 
dition- art nouveau £700. Tel: Of- 
472 0726. 

001-837 3333/3311 

iMt«mativet> send us your advertisement POST FREE to*. 

Shirley Marsolis Classified Advertisement Manaecr. 
Times Newspapers Ltd. FREEPOST, London WCT XBJL 





Required by personnel depart- 
ment of professional city ftm to 
train Vi administrative duties 
covering personnel, training & 
office services. Applicants 
should possess typing skills & at 
least be educated to a level stan- 
dard. May suit college leaver. 

Tab Miss S. Mangos PI -377 8888 
fNo agencies) 


For Westminster Parliamentary 
Agents. Confident presentable 
person needed. Good salary 
negotiable + other benefits. 
Please telephone 
Tony Robertson 222 0441 
(No agencies) 

26+ with previous racndUiM experi- 
ence and tne aunty is initiate action. 
For UC banking, a sman spooaiis 
ci tv consultancy. Salary package 
£w^lfi,ooo+. call Um OcD on 4S9 

be able lo drive for Mmbel. France. 
Also a trainee reaoii rep. aged 27. 
Must bo able lo drtvo Tel: 0622 


also on page 27 



S/K a distinct advantage, il you have 
V/J>. experience and the aMlty to 
organise un -organised partners and 
delegate to staff then this friendly 
company needs you. 

Ring Lynn or Lesley u 
493 3336 


TEMP TO PERM In KnlghiabrUige 
wttere prestige eo need smart efficient 
WPttontat/Wojw operator. £ 6.60 
ph-Tet. 01-730 2 ai 2 . Jaygar 
Careers CSIoaoeScuUd. ^ 

Consultancy mu shorthand sec- 
relarlw w«h or without word 
p roca rtiKf ca audi o typisa. cow 
wtipA w*pm»tfsa/rec«iaonl«s to 
worn for their clleTils mainly In the 
Wl area. VVe offer mdral rales. 
hoUdw boms & LVs. For further 
detaiis rtnn Mrs Mitchell. 439 807 1 
KinyHand Pen Oons. 

TEMP SEC sought by busy City 
conjulUncv for 6 mOn long In, age 
27-40. £ 7 g.h. Tw 01-248 0046. 



raqna Jonoi NagotiatBr far bay rsntal 
dgpameK. AhBtf to dial Nidi ganard 
put* 1 driving IcenMBttntai. 


584 5361 



Subject to da easroncm of die ore mr y hthliT fc in far the a uh l iihrm tot of a freepon 
at RingaJuddi, Co. Cork, sujuUy quili£cd paioos for pcwaputea In a ftccgo a 
compa ar with a rkw u puous prepoah to the toi tuner tot coBUBunfoidom for 
■fen yrratinn of tic enrnjorn f c the Indy to dcrdop, MA ER opcrnc, ouusgc Ud 
pmCMK the ftccpon at Ruirittld*. 

The parpoar of ibis imitBiaB is to iaitine oeptentory dncusdoni nitlt bnemted panus 
and does not imply any commitment on tbe pan of Cork Harbour uruBStiMw. 

Further pvnculan taay be obcamed as reqaen fwffl Tb* Harb oer Enpn wr'a efficc, 
P.O. Bov S3- Custom Hoose Street, Cork, lieltnd. AC rEEHELY, Secref*n> 





PRIVATE TUmOfe in O/A (oval Ena- 
Ush.oua Bnedg Mtnaotactrer.SS 
hmng|Mg«e and m_a sjo o.pji. 




(GIRLS 5-18) 

Applications are invited for the post of 


which will become vacant from 1st January 1987 upon 
the retirement of the present Headmistress, Mrs N. Silver, 

There, are 542 girls in the Senior School including!, 

' SmffFcSrin of L12 and and223in tHe Jiinlof' 

Head has responsilHlhy for both Senior and Junior 
Schools. Salary: Rnmham Group 10. 

The School participates in the Government's Assisted . . . 
Places Scheme. 

For further particulars and tavappRcationform mite to 
The Secretary, The Girls’ Pn&tic Day School Trust, 

26 Queen Anne’s Gate. London, SW1H 9 AN. Closing 
date for applications: Friday, 24th January 1986. 



Required for September 1986 a well-qualified graduate to 
teach BIOLOGY throughout the School to Oxbridge level 
m a lively department, well-equipped and with excellent 
results. A specialist in Botany with an interest in fieldwork 
would be particularly welcome. Some sporting ability- 
particularly in Tennis - would be an added, recommen- 
dation. . 

Tbe School is situated in Surrey countryside and accomoo-, 
dation is provided. Salaries are according to the Granldgh 
5 ?^ e ;j\P pllcat * on ^ "j? CV and the names of two referees, 
“ou'dbesent to the Headmaster, Cranleigh. School, Surrey 
GU6 8QQ not later than Monday 3rd February 1986. 

® 01-837 1326 and 01-837 3^ 


- (GSA Boarding School for 370 giris 1 1-18 years) 

Required for SEPTEMBER 1986 


Applications are invited from experienced graduate. teadK 

SrihrTT,?^Sif Xxi organisational and commumcatioti 
swus. The selected candidate will be expected toteachlito' 
take a major role in all aspects of School maru» g »rew.fff aid'. 

Tt' 3Qd ** a “““nnicant member of a Ctm- 
mm Si?" P 0 ? C0uid ^ a peraon seeking advand^ 

ment within the profession. 

SALARY: Burnham Group 8. ’ 

ACCOMMODATION: 2 bedroomed self-contained flat 
is a thriving community with high academic 

Aviations, with frill cuniculum vitae and names, ad-. 

» e S h011 ' numte of ■ta* . 

^ HatflddT Hem, AI9 
52262)™ forther are avaUabk (tdr O70? 


ro*pectu*:R(rt i. 

St Joseph's Han, 
Junction Road, 
Oxford 0X45UJ, 
Tal 0865711829- 



Prtwrtefetbrfala • HWlW.RiiifMipneil' 
^Recognlnd hy BAC-.^ ‘ “ .r'J 


• . . . * ^ 

• - Z.. dlfl ?a 

L ^ES 

An tapanng trcad is emerging in the 
training and recruitment strategies of 
a small hot rapidly-expanding number 
of ^dsfij^inpanies and fem®. The 
old idea of vacation training - which 
flourished during the industrial boom 
years of ffie late 1950s and 1960s - is 
co ming back into vogue and provid- 
ing t tam s an d s of short-term -vocatio- 
rcdly-oriented job opportunities for 
snideaits and_ other yomri people 
anxious, to ' improve thew cancer 
prospects o ver the holiday period. 

Companies which, last year offered 
vacation training include many big 
names, such as IBM, Marconi, Marks 
and Spencer, Shell and Unilever, fiat 
there .are scores of smaller fimt 
covering the frill range of career fields, 
whidr- are playing a part -in this 
refreshing . ev olution in .attitudes to 
training and recruitment. 

A typical newcomer is Unilever, • 
which introduced-, its. - prestigious' 
business - experience scholarships 
schemein 1985. 

Selected candidates - in Unilever’s 
rase they will usually be second year 
university undergraduates - work for 
eight to xO weeks during the summer 
vacation and are paid, a competitive 
salary (£100 a week last year). They . 
undertake projects under the watchful 
eyes of Unilever managers and learn 
how., .the different parts of - the 
company combine. 

Unilever aims to give its vacation 
trainees a. chance' to discover the 
cha&atges- of a management career 
and to learn how well they could cope. 

Qualifications for the Unilever 
scheme - do not depend on a' 
candidate's degree discipline as the 
company is looking for people' who 

The advantages 
outweigh the: 
financial rewards 

can show, a genuine interest in and 
knowledge of business and manage- 

- A lai£e number of - vacation 
traineeships are available in the more, 
specialized . fields of accountancy : 
(notably with Arthur Young, Delaine 
Haskins and Srfla, Thornton Baker 
and Touche Ross), computers and 
electronics (including Ferranti, Hew- 
lett-Packard, Honeywell, IBM. Mar- 
coni and Thom EMI), and in 
construction and engineering (Alfred 
McAlpine, Austin Rover, the BBC, 
Ford and Rolls-Royce). 

Vacation training opportunities are 
ex panding in insurance, banking, law, 
and the and oQ industries. 

Students interested in government 
work should investigate the extensive 
Civil Service Vacation Students 
Scheme. Even the RAF, the Royal 
Navy and the Army run short term 
career-oriented workshop practice 
courses in the summer vacation. 

David Leppard explain!? 
. howan old sdi^nc 
; is jarovidiag exciting: 

new opportunities 
-- for young people 

This is the front-cover illustration • 
from David Leppard's book Vacation 
Trrineeships 1986 

Vacation training often TnaVr* 
simple corporate good sense when 
companies use it as a pre-cruitment 
aid'- .a. form of “screening" or 
“extended interview". . • 

Many personnel and training 
officers feel this is more effective than 
the usual interview because they see 
potential recruits operating in a real 
work environment. - 

A recent study of work experience 
schemes by the Association of Careers 
Advisors in Colleges of Higher 
Education concluded that a substan- 
tial number of participating com- 
panies take on their' trainees for 
permanent positions after graduation. 

Taking a vacation traineeship will 
not guarantee yon a permanent job 
but it can offer advantages for beyond 
the . financial rewards used to sup- 
plement the student grant- - 
Advantages begin to accrue even 
before the traineeship begins, with 
many students going through foe 
whole selection procedure, from 
application form-filling to interview. 
Clearly, * any experience gained 
through job-hunting will prove 
invaluable when foe full-scale job 
search begins. 

. It also offers the chance to obtain 
realistic experience in a certain career 
area without -foe need for a long-term 
commitment to it And it allows 
candidates to discover their own 

ansuftahility for a particular type of 

Trainees arc able to develop their 
self-confidence, an ability' to com- 
municate and work with people in a 
professional environment and a sense 
of responsibility. Trainees also get foe 
opportunity to learn. and develop 
specific stalls and to acquire a basic 
knowledge of a given sector. 

The level of training may vary 
“enormously from one company or; 
career fidd toi foe next 

At foe lower end of the market, 
there are the “pair of bands" 
attachments, such as routine clerical 
work with foe high street hanks. 
Although there is nothing particularly 
spectacular about spending your 
su mm er vacation filing . typing, 
mymtflirtirtg records or answering 
telephone enquiries, they provide an 
insight into the day-to-day activities 
of banking. 

The scale of training rises through 
fonnally-oiganized work such as the 
BBC’s engineering vacation scheme 
and foe RAF* summer vacation 
workshop practice course. The latter 
gives instruction and practical experi- 
ence in basic engineering, milling and 
grinding, welding and sheet-metal 

At the top end of the scale, many i 
vacation trainees are given the chance 
to work creatively on new projects. In ‘ 
the computer arid electronics sector, 
for example, many vacancies involve 
complicated project work. Students 
can exercise their innovative ability 
writing software programs qt working 
on computer hardware in electronic 
model shops. In the recent past some* 
trainees have so successfully exploited j 

Many trainees 
are allowed to 
work creatively 

thes e higher-level placements that 
they created systems which were 
subsequently patented. 

In the present highly-competrtive 
era .of job-hunting, . evidence 
of vacation training provides the 
prospective employee with that extra 
attraction which can make him stand 
out among his peers during foe 
interview process. 

Such an applicant ran demonstrate 
clear evidence of career motivation 
and foe possession of dcifla in and 
knowledge of a particular field. In the 
final process of assessing an appli- 
cant's suitability, this can easily be the 
key factor. 

Further information about how to 
apply for vacation training appears in 
Vacation Traineeships 1986 - written 
by David Leppard -r and available 
from Vacation Work Publications, 9 
Park End Street. Oxford 0X1 1HJ. It 
costs £4.95 in paparback and £6.95 in 

DWECTOh: CHAMBgfl ’ ‘ 

A^pfcafona MkrvM (nr krvalmt 



Ooffngffxa teiMMmrylM. . 


PifacaComM Hoad, London &W72B8. . 
Tffffhana: 0VMB-3M3 BawWonZI 


ECTfforWl«fd7Awhfm« . 



NOW IS THE TIME to -cmrnH 
me for axput mntnt anti 
loMairo. ft— lmtare 

. ZZ 90Qooe**terPtac*,Wl 
1 •• 01-835 5452 t24twj 


Uaivwwty of Bristol 


We need teachers who can 
remain calm underfire 
as well as in the classroom. 

It’s a tall ordeiywe know. 

But then, welre not merely offer- 
ing you achorice of schools. 

in the Army you’ll teach young 
recruits and experienced soldiers 
who wish to qualify as tradesmen! - 

YbuH coach Officers who have to 
pass examinations for promotion. and 
for entry to the Staff College. 

You may well teach British troops 
abroad or perhaps Gurkhas and 
locally enlisted soldiers in Hong' 

- This makes you as important as 
any of our other Officers. 

Ybuftl have the same status, the 
same opportunities for promotion, 
the same levels of pay ; 

We think it only fail; therefore,, 
that yoa should prove yourself their 
equal as an Officer Six months at 
Sandhurst wifl give you the chance. 

Although it won’t be. your main 
concern, you’ll have to prove that, 
you lead men and, if it comes to 
the cr unch, carry out operational 
duties. .. . 

After Sandhurst and a speS at the 
Royal Army Educational Corps’ own 
t rainin g centre, you® take up your 
first teachingpost .. 

Your startup salary dependingon 

your q ualifications, wiH be between 
£7,489 and £12^16, back dated to 
the day you joined. 

If you decide to leave after three 
years commissioned service, you’ll 
get a tax-free gratuity of £4,125. 

As to your qualifications, themain 
thing is that you should be a gradu- 
ate or at least a qualified teacher 
' Incidentally, throughout your 
periodof service, youTlbe given every 
opportunity to improve your own pro- 
fessional qualifications, possibly up to 
post-graduate level 

Assuming you’re fit and under 
29, you can take a tentative step in 
our direction by spending a day with 
scone RAEC Officers. But, having 
done so, you’ll be under no obligation. 

Entry normally takes place in 
January and September ana you are 
advised to apply at least six months 

' For further details write to: 
Lieute nan t Colonel FGN Sjogren 
BA, MSc, RAEC, Recruiting and 
I Jaisop Staffs Dept P507, RAEC 
Centre, Wilton Park, Beaconsfield, 
Bucks HP92RE Enquiries are invited 
frombothmale and female applicants. 

Army Officer 


University of Cambridge 

Faculty of Oriental Studies 

University Lecture' or University Assistant Lecturer 
in Chinese Studies 

University Lecturer or Uaiveriity Assistant Lecturer to take up 
. appointment on 1 October 1986 or OS soon as possible thereafter, 
rrefama -will be ghren to cancftdnirs wirb icacucu experience in the 
Study ofctrfy Chin* isdufiag tbc Han period, but spedalins hi other 
fields, such as Modem Efisory. jbt *bo encouraged to apply. Abilny to 
provide in modem Chinese la nguage win be an advantage. 

■ Tbe appointment wiD be fix dine yeans, wni the possib2hy. for a 
University Lect ur er, of reappointment to tbc xetmns age or, for x 
University Assistant Lecturer, pfreaOTomnnent for two yean. 

Tbc pcacoaablc soaks of stipends, for peons not armaanty resident 
in CoHrse, ne 

O'njvosiry Lecturer £10,745 a year, -rising by drvea annual increments 
to £1 6^67. Then: is bo grade of Senior Learner. 

Unreality Assistant I min c e £&299 a year, ris»8 by four annual 
increments to £1(1254. 

Farther i nfoc uni on may be obtained from the Secretary of the 
Appointment* Committee for thfr Faculty of Oriental Studies, Sidgwidc 
A venae. Cambridge GB3 PDA. In whom appb'carinn a (twelve copies), 
xodnrfug the names of three referees. should be sent so as to reach him 
not later dm 28 Fdstary 1986. 


Applications ax* invited for up to three lectorwhipB in 
Mathematics. Some pre fer en ce may be given to canebdatea who xra 














AonUcanont are tnvliad own 
suitably ooaUOad am ocpertcnced 
eareona tor the past of 


TXw apnatntBwm win bs with 
affect Iran 1st October. 1986. but it 
Is bsecd M n mtow be paaltds to 
arrenos a Mt Mrtod or averlap 
wtm me present Librarian. Salary 
wfl be wttma OTMe IV or tIM 
nauonnl salary scats (Or lintven&y 
Ubrary staff umnarmne CIS. 793. 
under nrvlewj. 

and shooid have experience of Uir 
uses or brformatJcn sources for 
b uffnere Maimtna and devetop- 

Sajary on Ow University Gen tor 
Library Staff n A scale; C7.B2D- 
£14.935 pj. (under rrvlaw). tnUaf 
ptadno accor d ln a toa uaim t anon s 

AppUcnnons O eoples. no forms i 
•fiber tyoawrltten or in Hack mfc 
siteuM PM Ml bacbcrooDd details 
and bichida Ute namss and ad 
dr cos es of two refer—. • 

FUrtner wt-"- from tbs Re gistrar . 
Univcretty at Warwick. Covemry 
CV« tal auodnp Ree. No. 
28/B/86/J. Ctaetno dal* for re- 
cetpf of apbdcn0ons ISO* February 







Applications are bivtted for a 

In ms Department or C hem tst r y 
from l October 1986. Candidates 
mould nave special interests to tna 
tnacWng of tnorgantc chem istry 
and In Teaeardi in any area or 
inorganic cnemtstry- II b e a peeted 
that the appointment wtD be mad* 
within the lower part of the 
iacmrcr salary scale (£7.830 U» 
CIS. 520 Pius £1.297 London 

Further particular* can be obtained 
from tbo Senior Aaatstam Secretary 
(PerscsmeO. University College 
London. Cower Street. London 
WC1E 6BT. and applications (6 
capias If poadMe) should read Mm 
on or before 17 February 1986. 

Hr Frangaise 

Learn French with the French 

Day and Evening Courses 
4 hours. 8 hours, 10 hours, 15 hours* week 
AB levels - Audio-visual «ts 
and 10 FEBRUARY. 1986 
New Branch in Leicester Square 
"For Companies: French "a ta carte" 

Enquiries: S Cromwell Place, London SW7 2JN 

Tel: (01) 584 IKS Ask for Evelyne or Michel 


The demand for die trained men or woman diiropotfitt in the private 
sector is focmeing. Most of the training necessary to qualify for a 
Diploma in Chiropody may be taken at home by very specmiiswd ^corre- 
spondence lessons, ftifl practical fodfities are also provided. You are 
invited to write tor the free booklet from: The Secretary of ttie 
School of Chiropody. The Sroae Institute (estebMied 1919). The 
New HaS. Ma&anhead. Berkshire. SL6 4LA. Tat Maide^ead 
(0628) 32440 for 21100 24 hre) (763 1}H 






- S»uU«|a 


k» . 

Kuni om fo 

tad *** 
Social Sudies 



Baaod on DevM's Indppsn- 
chntSbdh Fern) CoMge, nef- 
txan Wot, M^adence ki bon 
Mstkedno md Educ Mien 

Katf time post {or bfltknpwSi 
A krai Mfod. NegeMie 
from £8,000. 




. commence Janairy. 

Four week Typing courses also 

3 nuaribs Introductory coarse 
3 month. Refresher coarse 
6a»ath certificate eenrse 

Hi 5'.- 1 1 

special 1 discount oflered tet 
. comet booked mJaacmy. 

Foundation course in 
12 PHk cams carensnclng 
Maw Tear. Wrt we Bapmotf 
«r. For preiMrenay and Art 
SehcN students, and moss 


Brown a Brow 
•napdei cafoa s. 

* Wsmboreugn RQ4 Oxford 
Td (0886)56311 




Co w w a p dai JtaB«r y/Fabtaary 

1, 2 and 3 Toon Ooursos "At 
Unadown you mm to managt 
Won na flon and not Just iyp» ft- 

H ! . V L'T! M 

Uctow^i h Eiietromc 

fom d iHmiaiBd Bkpbk 

ripn e i im 

foptom* tame ta toltaatf to ta fw 
tmd OEnr. Q» Qm'i Owe* fU 
bd. RDrihn Wed BI7 IM. fan rie 
Wte afofo wr hi MfopLOde 
iWc a Meet 19K. (Ptoe 

ttar Tfo Unhrersity. SouUampmn. 
SQ9 5»L to whom apprcatkms (9 
copies from persons » the UK) 
should be sent before 17 February 

«asse quote ref. no. AJS/85/74/T. 

Brawn & Brown Tutonal College. 

Principal: C. H. Brown, MA (Oxon) 


All subiacts and boards, wilh empha- 
sis iraoi written presentation r exam 
conwkms. Applications are also si- 
ghed for tuition in term. 

20. WsminouQh Rd.. Oxford 
Til. Oxford |0865) 56311 & 

Lf Diversity 
of Aberdeen 





Applications are lovllad tor mo 
abovo post from medically quintal 

The bobtre primary lumas wui 
Involva mowtafon of a dtvtnp 
medical Rnogmcy service at the 
Kypaiborie Unit of the Orbraptan 
Health Board, and Die candidate 
muff have relevant npaienn to 
the nunagetnatt or patterns under 
hypobnlC condlUoBi. The 
apoomiee win oho bo expected lo 
pureue —ii-i-i— In cnvlrucunBital 
physiology and medicine, and lo 
parUciiNUe m ibe lif lilup 
programme of the DepartmenL Db 
an dd paled iron Qrampmn Health 
Board *® award Ihr successful 
— * Bdbli Honorary Consultant 

Salary on scale £20.300 lo 
£ 26.080 prr annum lacale wider 


Further particulars and application 
forms from The na creary. The 
University. Aberdeen AJ39 1FX 
with whom xppbceUons <2 copies) 
ffioidd be lodged by IO February 
1966 (Ref No EL/ 0201. 


01-8371326 or 01-8373774 









Applications are mvnod for Uvs 
above post from candMalaa wdh an 
imraff In Die leaffling Of ReslosiaL 
Piddle Sector or mdusmal Been- 
emlCB. Ibougb apeffcaata with other 
epe rl a H s m s should not be dbcoh 
aged trotn apptytng. The awow- 
meat la tor a fixed Mm of five 
years Rum a mutually agreeable 

Salary on Lecturer seals £7.630 to 
£14925 per bfutuni. wttn epgrotai- 
ata placing (scale under review >. 

Further particulars and aagUraUon 
farm from The Secretan'. The 
LMvasny. Aberdeen. AB9 IFX. to 
whom On complet'd a pp uc aB o n s 
12 cogtes} should be l o dg ed fay 1 
March. 1986. Otar ED/01 9L 


• — 9 V . 


British Telecom Chair in 
Electronic Engineering 

A Professor s to be e ppuin M to e dorr in Becfronic Enffneehno in fix 
Dejartraem d and Electronic Enrineenn and Applied Physics. 

Ttbs presboiou# post Ms been funded by British TelBcorn and otters the 
chance to join a fast-nsing tachnoHvcal unhrereity in a rapidly expanding 

A lugh level of ntaftuiwnt in academic or in&stnal research bi ElBctromcs or 
Communications wifi to requred. An undsrafandmg at dgitef systems or 
software engineering enutd n advantageous, but candidates often ng otfsr 
tteevant BxpBtiance «viH be coft^dered. 

The Pnrfftssor irffl be expected to undartaks undtegraduats and postgraduate 
teaddng. to inbale and cany out research and to participate in die general 
muting of the department n» Professor will also be expected to cooperate 
with Outer departments. Consultancy and interaction with (he Aston Science 

A continuing appointment may bs made with a salary within the professional 
range. Currently, the average professional salary b £21.234 per annum 
(under review). Alternatively, a need term appointment may be made for up 
to foe years al an appropriate salary. Secondments from Industry or 
commerce would afao be considered. 

Tt» Head of Dspvtment. Professor J. L Flood will we tome infernal 
enquiries (Tet: Extn. 4065). 

Flatter particulars end application forms may be obtained from I fr® 
Ltraveraty Secretary (quoting Reference Ho 626/24) Aston University. Aston it 
Triangle, Benringtom B47ET (Tet 021 359 361 1 . Extn. 4563/4). 

Dosing date for toe receipt of applications is 28th February 1 386. 

University of Exeter 


Aoplicaiioiis arc invued for ibe new post or Director of Caniiauinz and Adult 
Edocanoo. a p e n nu t u i amminm tenable from 1 Onober i486. This pee: also 
involves the Headship (1986-1991 1 of tbc Univerchy'i new Department of Con- 
tinuing and Adlib Education, which will supersede the Department of tan -Mural 
Studies in October I 9>4 l 

The Director win be expected lo maintain and develop (he «orit of ihe former 
Department of Extra-Moral Studies UtiDagboat Devon and Cornwall, and m ad- 
dition to determine and meet ibe req ui rement for a wide race of Con i in u mg Edu- 
cation in Ihe same repan. U ii expected ihai ibis win induto links mth in; lccil 
nunmunhy, and with industry- commerce and Ibe professions, and ihai ihe Dtrcc- 
lor wilt foster co-operelion with Ihe Local Edncabon Amborities and other pro- 
viders in ibe South west 

Anpomimeai wiD be made within ibe professorial salary range icirrmi mbucium 
flum pa. under review!: whether toe su cces sf ul candidate is recorded ihe uile 
of Professor will be determined by the appropriateness of tus/her academic badr- 

Further particulars available from the Peruond Office. Uniiennv or Euur, 
Earner EX440J.Oosiiig date for receipt of appheabons 11 Fehroary IV86. 








Research Associate 

To work on a protect to itulisc tho 
1984 Workplace Industrial Rr. 
laitons Sunw. CandMaire s*w»oW 
have a oood degree In economic-' or 
a rtWcd subject, preferably at post- 
graduate level, a worklno know- 
ledge of econometric leoinkiuei. 
and an UUaresl In labour econ- 
omics. Salary win be m rtte 
Research Rann IB scale: £6.600 lo 
£8.920 (under rm-lewi. TTi- 
aooouitnieni win be tenable (or one 
year tn the nrst instance. 

Applicant, reoulrtng further In for 
•nation may c onta ct either David 
Btancniiowcr 1 IER 1 or Mark sic. 
wan (Economics! iTefli 0203 

Applications by toiler enclosing c v. 
is copies! and oivlite Ihr hiih of 
two rrteroes should be sent to We 
Registrar. University of WarwiicV. 
Coventry CV4 TAL quoting Ref 
No. 26/2A.-86 by iiai January 








The University proposes 10 appoint 
a University Lecturer In Applied 
Social Studies from 1st October 
2986 for /fve years « die rtnt in- 
stants on the icata S74SOX16.S66 
according lo age. The person ap- 
pointed. who must be profession- 
ally qualified, will be expected lo 
taka part In teaching the principles 
and practice of social worfc and lo 
lake special responsibility for edu- 
cation and training for Ihe pro- 
bation service. 

Anoticatitiiu Clour copies, but one 
from those abroad! should be sent 
lo tbo Director. Department or 
SocUai and Administrative- studies. 
Barnett Moose. Wellington Square. 
Oxford. OXt 2EB. Applications 
should bo received by 3eth Feb- 
ruary 1986. 

University of London 












The Senate unite apofleations tv 
the above established Chair whien 

AWrtkmttans (It eepl«J should be 
wtomitted to the Academic Regis- 
trar f TT. University or London. 
Male* Street. London WCIE THU. 
from whom further parttculare 
ffiould fkst bo obtained. 

Ttod eff^tarereejiff of awH- 


Prints of The Times 

and Sunday Times photographs 

of which Times Newspapers own the 
copyright, can be purchased from the Photo 
Sales Library, Times Newspapers Lid, 200 
Gray’s Inn Road, London WC2X 8E2L Prices; 
8in x 6in £2 unmounted, £150 mounted; lQin 
x 8in £2.50 unmounted, £3.20 mounted; 12in 
X lOin £3 unmounted, £3.80 mounted. All 
prices include VAT and in the case of 
unmounted prints postage and package. 
Mounted prints must be collected. Cheques 
payable to Times Newspapers Ltd, and 


SS *Mnw» Of 

HL^fiSpS” 1 ® 


wtjgenwnoa (to- m PptwM 

USSoiiSffi&Vfr 0,278 

Announcements can be received ta 
Merhonc between gcoum *nd 
g'*Cra- Monday to Friday, on 
Sat urday Between 9.00dm and 
i>M»noon. 1057 3311 onlyi For 
mmJcMon t he following day. 

ISiS. .rsra 

announcements can 

Most other classified advertise 
msnb can be accepted by 
telephone. The deadline Is 5.00pm 
2 days prior lo publication u.c. 5.00 
Wi Monday for Wednesday 1. 
Should you wWi to send an 
■dvcrUsemcnt In willing please 
include your daytime ‘phone 
number. Every endeavour will be 
made IB insert advertisements on 
dales requested but cannot be 
®uat*n(eed. Readers are advised to 
satisfy Ihemulves as lo the 
informal tan camained In 
advcrttocmcnis. or is seek 
prcfeslonai odi Ice. before cnleriivi 
into ray cflMMinvni . 

THE LOUD is good lo all. and hLs tender 
merries are to cr all his weeks. Psalm 


® Trade 01-8372104 and 01-278 9232 Private 01-8375333 or 3311 


•“WE’RE NO I " 

**1 St CLASS** 






■ FUll 




on 14th January rtf Langley Lodge 
Nunlnn Home. 39 Imperial Avenue. .LUSAKA 
west cl at on Sea. Essex, um 92 ,J£R0NTO 
years. Funeral service at St Clements 
Parish Church. Leigh on Sea, at "SEATTLE 
II 30 am. Monday. 27th January 
No Itowors by request. 

WATT. - On 17 January 1986 
wimam Orr of Fryemlng. Essex, 
dearly loved husband or Barbara 
father of Fiona and Dan. Funeral 
service si 61 Mary's Church 
Fryemlhg. On Friday 24th January 
at 2nm Family flowers only, but 
donations In his memory may be sent 
to the RABl or St Francis Hospice. 

Havering. Sen-ice of Thanhs Oil ing 
for his life and work to be hod u St 



5A“ USA “U1 


lEU'd >9091 

59 South St Epsom. Surrey 
(03727) 27538/25530/27109/ 
Telex 24667 



New York from C21S 

nortda /ram £299 

from £279 

Hawnir from £439 

Lac Axiom rs team £299 

BanFmncfoca (ram £309 

Washington from £299 

Toronto from £229 

Vanco uver from £M9 

-Perth Dorn £699 

Sydney from £063 

Auckland - Irom £768 

Hong Kong from £499 

Palma/Allcan Id from £69 

Malaga from £79 



Tel: 01-301 4445 

All farm arc RETURNS and 
guaranteed scab, subject Is avail- 
ability and applicable Airport taxes. 

EODEN. - On January 7lh a' Barrett 

for his life and work to be had U St 
Edmund Church. Incatesiane. on 
Friday March 7th at 3pm. 

MtfcmlV NoAEimD:™ to On 

Thelma inm Hnlmeii and Dai Id - a £Z!!l., Janu tS v -51- ***— i? 01 !?' 71* 
■on '"Mari' John Petiri Cr#finary. Wcybridw. The Hon Mrs 

unifvem rS. i -th Ann w*dd«tanvMAJewril <n<* 

t 2L J ?. n l"S cunllffci beloved wife or jor.n tor 64 

‘.mans at* Hwltal. !o Ptolta years moifu-r of four. Grandmother 
Jonesi and Paul, a daughter. Sarah n| thirteen and great -grandmother of 
_ five: peacefully and ever humorous 

ET-SLEY. - On Januarv ! 7th al L ni- in lull beauty of mind and body, aged 

) rrslly Hospital of Wales. CardUI. to 84. The COM of love is pain. A quiet 

Jov mcr Honoru and Brian, a ncauU- family funeral win lake place shortly, 
•ul - daughter ’Nicolai DonaUons to Princess Alice Hospice. 

S VILALLOUGA. On January 15 lo Weal Old Lane, Esher. Family 

Michele and John, of 22 Pue rtowors only. 

Thelma (nee Holmeoi and David - a 

•on -TVtarF John Peter' 

CARVOSSO On January I3lh at Si 
Allans City Hospital, to PhvllM 'rwVc 
Jenesi and Paul, a daughter. Sarah 


DEKSLEY. - On Januarv I Tin al L‘m- 
vertltv Hospital of Wales. Cardiff. to 
Jov mce Honors and Brian, a ueautl- 
<ul - daughter >Nicola> 

0b VILALLOHGA. On Januarv 15 lo 
Michele and John, or 22 Pue 
TArercil. Parts 75014 - a daughter. 

Marla A Iolanta 

EYRE- - Oh 9ih Januarv. at Oucen I MEMORIAL SERVICES 

Charlenes Hospital to Caroline <nee 

Mills' and Charxc:- a sen. Oliver FIKLAY. — a Memorial Service lor Mrs 


■urate rerun* 

JO-BURG/ HAR £300 £46* 

NAIROBI £220 £226 



LAGOS £220 E32C 

DELHI -BOM £225 £33C 

BANGKOK £189 £32G 

DOl.UA C- £J2C 

and many more 
162.' 168 Regent SI. London W.l. 

01 -437 82 55/6/7 /S 

Late + a roup bootcinos wekomo 
Am ex, visa /diners 

TUNISIA for ihai perfect holiday with 
sunny da vs & carefree nights. Meal 
for Jan .- Feb. Call Tunisian Travel 
Bureau. 01 373 441 1. 

Flights from Most UK airports. Many 
tale special offers. Faidor 01-471 
0047 ATOL 1 040 Arc ■'Visa. 

GOING ABROAD? Alrey « Wlumtor 
specialize in llaiirwcfghl & tropical 

ina. Special offers 
29 Regent Street, t 


Graham Derrick. 

LUCE. - On Januarv 17th In A>. rein, 
lo Anne mcr Aylvvlr* and Andrew - 
a daughter iOUvu Anne Carteret >. a 
! Utcr i or Jam cs 

M 4RTIN. - On Januarv 16th to Joann 
and Keith - a oaugnler iLaura Anne 

MILLER - On January lfcth to Jane 
tree Thomas' and Patrick, a son. 
Hugh Fergus Graham, a brother for 

Jane Finlay CSC. JP. rormer deputy 
chairman of The Equal Opportunities 

Commission will be hdd rn 
Wednesday. January 22 at Temple 
Church. Temple. London. EC4 at 

Scnonolngk-Paul. a requiem mass 
will be held al St James Spanish i 
Place. George Street. London. WI 
On Wednesday Januarv £9Ui al 
2 30pm 

™ta L S555 V j5d l ™?*£!ii J ! ,1 S££ 1 \s£th MITCHELL. - A service of Thanksglv- 
i p rJ H 55 iy_^ " tf ..r^r!yo r a ..? W “**" tag for the life of Leslie Mirchetl will 

To Hilary and Michael a son 'Seth 
Edward), a brother for Greer 
lllh. lo Mciona E-ugenia >nee Pere* 
de Ascanlo 3 Zuleiai and Robin - a 
-vecond daugnicr. Rapnacla Eleanor. 
ROCHE - On 1 SUi Januarv to Marcelle 

■ nee Le Cmi and Brian, in 
Singapore, a son 'Christopher David) 

RUB AS HOW. - On 21 si December 
1935 lo Nick and Hllarv (nee Slovelli 
- a son 'Thomor. Joseph '. Many 
■hanks lo Stall at Sl Georges 

TAYLOR at 02 02 hours on January 
I Hn in Miami lo Jennoter-Morlna 

■ ree joy and Deruils a ion Ashley J 
TUELY. On Januarv 16 al John 

Radcllffe HcsptiaJ. Ox/rrd. lo Mary 

r - - be held on Wednesday. February S. 

ARSE WHEATLEY. On January 1 986 at 1 2 noon al St Faun Church, 

lllh. in vicmrta E.ugcnia mee Perez Covenl Garden. London. WC2. Those 
le Ascanla 3 Zuleiai and Robin - a wishing to attend are asked lo contact 
*eeond daugnicr. Rapnacla Eleanor. The Royal Television Society Tel: 
>GHE - On 1 8ih Januarv to Marcelle 01-S87 1970. 
nee Lr Gtoji and Brian, in 
Singapore, a son .Cnrlslophcr David) IMfFMFVPt 

J BAS HOW. - On 2lsl December .UVnuuniDHtiilS 

1935 lo Nick and Hllarv (nee Slovelli 

- a son 'Thomor- Joseph'. Many 

hanks to Staff at Sl Georges HAVE YOU A SPARE ROOM? Exccu- 
r oollng. Bve Language School In the Woi End 

IYL0R at 02 02 hours on January •£««"* g" &g£SS^*!25SX 

^ ,1" , 5^'3L I ^ b J /. n o t ' n ' ,t ShlwJ ,a nS£S5 f wcn^ Xutes IS velltag 

^ . "L lime from Bond Street Please 

JELY. On Januarv 16 al John contort- Lanaiuae Studies Lid Tel 

Hadcllffe Hospital. Ox/crd. lo Mary o: -Sot 173?: ^ 



NrwYork £147o w £260 rm 

L .Angeles £180 o. w £306 rtn 

Toronto £153 o. w £266 rtn 

Jo-burg £264 o. w £465 rtn 

Sydney £399 a. -w £670 rtn 

Auckland £405 a.' w- £750 tin 

Delhi £230 0. w £375 rtn 

Cairo £1400. w £2l6rtn 

Bangkok £210 o.w £350 rtn 

Tel Aviv £99 o. w £ 169 rtn 

Many other bargains 

Tel: 01-370 6237 


L Angeles 








Tel Aviv 

£346 rtn 

£256 rtn 
£4 65 rtn 
£670 rtn 
£750 rtn 
£375 rtn 
£216 rtn 
£360 rtn 
£169 rtn 

Frankfurt £59Cairo 
Pons £69 Not rob 

Rome £99 Jaburg 

Milan £88 H Korn 
Athens £109 Torom 
Malaga £55 N York 
Faro £89 LA. SF 

Gen Zur £79 syd M 
Vienna £129 Dheli 
L Palmas £119 T Aviv 

£59Calro £205 

£69 Nairobi £389 
£99 Joourg £436 
cm H Kong £496 
£109 Toronto £249 
£85 N York £275 
£89 LA. SF £345 
£79 Syd Mel £699 
£129 Dheli £345 

William Thomas CUssold. 


STOVELL, Anna and Oirn*. Happy 
1 6 III Much love H. N and T 
WADSY.'ORTK. M.EJ. Happy birth 
day dad. love Sophy 

available in beautiftii surroundings. 
Acl now! For 111 U91 rated prospective, 
contact Clouds House. East knoyle. 
Wills 6P3 6BE 0747 85587 
Abroad or Britain In W H Smith, etc. 
al £4.96 or from Vac Work. 9 Park 
End Street . Oxford 

Brat or second day: urgent require- 
ment for City firm. Telephone fit 851 

NIGEL WAITE, former director of 
NBMC. friend Uuki wants lo contact 
you Bing Arthur Mole on Burghfleld 
Common 2675 

meet, m see you In my dreams. 


Simon, v M. 

art courses. See Educational. 


21 . Swallow sl. London, w l 
Tel: 01 -4J7 OS37 OL-734 9803 

Non-Si oj^3 Weekly 


AFRICA 'East. WesL South) 

Long-cvtablMhed experts In 
dOcounl travel. For best service: 
Tel- 01 930 1992. 3986 

Nairobi. Jo'burg. Cairo. Dubai. Is- 
tanbul. Singapore. K. L . Delhi. 
Bangkok. Hong Kong. Sydney. 
Europe A the Americas Flamlgo 
Travel. 3 New Quebec SL Marble 
Arch. London W1H7DD. 

01-402 *>217/18/19. 

Open Saturday 10 0015 00. 

ITS TURKEY TIM El Turkish deUghL 
hols For a ustr of summer. 01-891 
6469. ATOL 2047. 

ALGARVE. For the best selection of 
hotels A aMs call Sun ways. 01-303 
Ot 1 1 ATOL ABTA. 


Sale Now On 

Massive Hocks of wool blended 
Berber* from £3 95 sq yd *■ val + 
many bargains In room sizes tn all 


255 New Kings Rd 
Parsons Green. SW6 
Tel: 01-731 2588 

Free estimates - expert fitting 

★ OR ★ 

★ H[RE FROM £16 PM * 




Albany Street. NW I. 

Tel: 01-935 8*82. 

Artillery Place. SEJ8. 

Tel: 01-854 4617 



A'garve 1 wkfr £99 2 wksfr£109 
Tenerife I wk fr £1892 wksfr £224 
Deos 24. 26. 31 Jan 
2. 7. 9. 14. 16. 21. 23. 23 Feb. 
Also deo& March. April & Ihrough- 
oui the year tnc. ant or hotel & 
nights from Garwick and Mart- 
ehrtler 'sublecl lo suppv & avail ■ 
Summer 86 brochure availabta 


TcL Sheffield .07421 331 IOO 
Manchester i06i 1 834 6033 
London/01.1290 1355 
ATOL 2034 

CHEAP FARE5 worldwide. 
Express. Ot 439 2944. 

ALICANTE. Faro. Malaga. Munich. - 
Diamond Travel. 01-681 4641 

Horsham 68541 . ATOL 1783 
FLIGHTS Greece. Algarve. Canaries. 
Spain. Germany. Italy. Switzerland. 
Zeus. 01 -434 1647 ATOL AJTO 
USE SPECIALISTS In last minute 
have). Best Farr. 01-394 1642. 

New York £249 Jo'burg 
Los Ang £339 Nairobi 
Sydney £768 Bangcock 
Auckland £866 Toronto 


New York £249 Jo'burg £465 
Los Ang £339 Nairobi £360 
Sydney £768 Bangcock £339 
Auckland £866 Toronto £249 

ISOJermyn Street SWl 
Phone 01-859 7144 ia lines) 


O w rtn 
SYDNEY £410 £613 

PERTH £376 

ALCNLANTl £410 £740 

BANGKOK £196 £326 

LOS ANGELES £198 £326 

NEW YORK £137 £243 


PHONE 01-584 7371 


O.w Return 
Sydney £42 £643 

Auckland £420 £774 

Bangkok £ 20 5 330 

Jo'burg £264 £470 

Los Angel el £177 £380 


mmm SHIgi 


Th>- nr ch covri One cal) lo 
i-Mhlaviax the compiiUiised de^ruva 
hot£>Mcrcharv«9l fli<]hls 10 Spain 
a 8*1 whe; uopuJai lestTL. ■ 'axj 
inEiam hc»:4arf> Insumtconlum^iniYL 

f .7W fa •T.' r'l iJ’vStonrt.: 


Wm m 

01-878 9141 

Phone ’n* fly 


Winter City Flights 

1 31 Earls Court Road. SWB 
Phone: fOi 1 370 6332 

£149 pp. Inclusive cab-red holidays: 
Los Arcs. V41 d’bera and Tlgnes. Call 
Ski Val on 01-903 4444 or 01-200 
6080 1 24 hr*). 

COST CUTTERS on ntghta . hots to 
Europe. USA and an destination*. 
Diplomat Trav el . 01-730 2201. 

LOST LEFKAS, the moet hoauUful 
teec you’ve never heard of. 

LOW COST B-HMfTS. Mod European 
dcitlnaUons. Call Vaievander 01-402 
0052. ABTA ATOL 1 960. 

DISCOUNTS 1 * 1 / economy Try u» 
last. FUghtbooker*. 01-387 9100. 

Hwmarkct Travel Ot 930 1366. 

Islands 01-836 4383. ATOL 2051. 

01 -441 i 1 1 1 Travel wise . ATOL 1 7B5. 


01-328 8251 


——A PARTNERS- — : 

; TfwI^rtingAfients 


Set in a quwi badtwater streol 
tfl lha haart of Chelsea, this 
oroMy rranorietle on thro* 
ffoor* comprises four bed- 
rooms, two bathrooms, two 
reception rooms, fufy fitted, 
kietwi and cloakroom, bi ad- 
dition it has its own private 
patio and is evadable at £550 a 
week to a oompeny tenant 



Sfifi&Sl 1 T^fiACE SWl. Good 
newly dac house. 5 bad*. 2 race**, 


■MdogsflaL 2 b*da. 2 baths, recen. 

aura^p^^PLACc SW7. 
Vary pretty newly dec 4th floor 
flat bed. bath, reoep. £200 pw. 

01-584 3285 



Chaimlng 2 double bed flat, beaud- 
fuSy decorated, lift al mach. Moments 
from S Kan tube, highly roc. S2S0 pw, 
01-486 57*3 


£ FMCNUV. Superti dot Use. Bopisfe 

X/bfast afi radBies. ops, gdiL £400. 
KKnsm. Pnttjr Me hse ns* daccr. 4 
tad ima 2 naps, Mt al mscUnas 
Kth/W. stp showsr rm, gda do** tube. 

NCI. 2 bad rm aft kange/dki, K&B, good 
Iwoton. £135. 

CIAP8AM. 2 bed no «flti receo/bod im, 
WiSnir. baa, WC. fantastic vitae £100. 





1 -’ri t • ' •TTTTfliH 






CAIRO £215 
HOIK K0N&E499 
JO'BURG £475 
l ANGELES £355 
MIAMI £299 

NEW YORK £269 
SYDNEY £838 


BALDWIN ANTIQUES require rod log 
3 pedestal desks, bookcases, tables, 
chairs, large wardrobes, cnens. 
pictures & similar Item. OL-SB5Q148 
or 01-22 5 2716 day or nlgtiL 
W ANTED inlaid Victorian - and 
Edwardian furniture pedestal desks: 

dJnlng HMc and bookcases. 01-641 

1848 anytime m. 

Motor company requires IBM socond 
user compact 36 CPU including 
VDL"s and printers. 01-903 5966. 
urgently wanted. Tel: 01-405 8538, 

Please write to: George Storey. 73 
Lyme Regis Road. Benstead. Surrey. 


Instant bookings with Access A 
Bardaycwd by phone. Chalet par- 
tial in Verbier. st Anion. McribeL 
Courchevel and Val dTsere. 

Sleeper coach Air 

25 Jan £129 £169 

1 Feb £139 £t7g 

Abo s/c bargains tram £091 

0373 864SII 



Staffed chalet bargains 26 Jan 1 wk 
Incf fit £ 169pp. 1/8 Feb t Wk 
humry chalet from Cl 33 pp. Ring 

0223-511 1 13 C24boursT 

ATOL 381B ATOL 1415k. 


Save £«6 on s.'c*m. 

01-584 5060 

• * • 

Chalet standby £145 




ChaifI partial 

25th Jan JS1G9 htPobjaif 


.The TOP French A Swtaa raaoru 
Abe Feb. March & April avail- 
ability. lot of run for singles, coun- 
its & groups 

Tel: 01 -370 0256 C24hrsl- 
ATOL 1820 


Free Video & free exercise leaflet 
01-7414686. 061-2360019 


Save op to £180 
Chalet Borneo: £139 
Self catering: £99 

TeL 01-785 2200 

Manri). Pent <04331 78121 

ABTA 16723 ATOL 1232 


Offer catered Chalets In Mertbel & 

£160 2 wks |nd travel, great food. 
unTld wtne A extensive guiding. 


large roam, private bath, colour TV. 
to prof M. £S4pw ind. Light cooking 
tecs. 2/5 months. 731 2289. 

BLACKHEATH Luxury flat, sleeps 
2 '4. £150pw. Until 501 April. TW 01 - 
BOS 0633. 

Kensington. Col TV. 24 hr swtaL 
telex. CMHngtiam Ante. 3736306. 

W8, OPEN PLAN 1 bed studio flaL 
£600 pent all charge Included excep t 
telephone, short let Tel 01-727 7973. 

smart 2 bed l/c apL nod lo Park. 
Maid IncL 373 6306(Tl. 

London from £300 pw Ring Town 
House Apis 01-373 3433. 


EX POLICE OFFICER <371. presently 
with aristocratic business person as 
chauffeur /bodyguard/ butler, royal 
experience, aerto new non/lravti. 
ALA. Box 1026 R. The Tunes. 

YOUNG MAN, 19, pre-university 
seeks interesting work of any kind, 
prefe ra bly atooad January - 
September 1986 Tet 0624 63668. 

urgently required. lucrative 
employment anything considered. 
Thompson. 01 -862 3123. 


459 5334 


bnMm csnwnkm. AUnctin 4«Ua 
ntertm Ecad kftchsL 2 badmans. 
-tearoom nth sbmnr. Goad storage. 
AvaAMt 1-2 jm. E210 per aost 
KoUdb HH nfflcK 


LANDLORDS - Still haven't let 
your propflrttas. Calls day In, day 
out Ttone-oonsumlng. Not the 
light person. Phone Palace 
Properties, the professionals, 
for the most comprehensive 
service, NOW! 

OT-486 8926 


smart 60 ) floor flat with good 
ytaw*. itbitl Iwtn bed. reccv. WL 
bath, co Jet. £268 pw. 



Long holiday A company leu ame- 
menta drawn up. Selected tenants. 
Please Phone F%t Lambert 




» type se teclton of Umny 
1. '2^3/4 bedroo m Dab with mm 
service. Interior designed and 

. ' ■UiV iffi t ' x i f J ; , 

HOLLAND PARK. £500 D.W. Highly 
recommended knely family rea 
Ccorgum house opp Holland Park. 
Superb order throughout 3 dbl beds. 
1 sgte. 2 r ec eps . 2M hatha. klL gdn. 
garoy e area. Aylaafhrd A Co «l 


LAWSON Si HERMJLN.—- Diplomat ft 
exacuttvea urgently wok tuwfflr 
progenica' in an ventral £ «M 
- Lemon areas. Oennoer Kevin kffly. 

SOLDERS SHEEN. InunftC througboot 
tbiL Chw tramp. 2 oedran. ljhc. 
UL k A lux b. wc. ted, vunny 'hxf 
£180 PW. 959 4967 ev es- 836 288? 

PUTNEY. Pretty l-bed flat Weal Ur 
couple. - Co. ler. ClOO .pw 
Buchanuiu. 351 7767. 

W11. Spaciotri luxury "2-bed 'mew* 
house. £200 pw Bacnamanx 351 

QUIET tteim house. Chetsea.SWL 
suitable stotoe person. Available now. 
caeogw. ai-8400. -- 

CLOSE TO CITY. Luxuar apte wit 

[WnowMmeo. Own cioo pw. 

NW11 attraettve wen situated idflr 
Rat. 3 beds. Imn. wn.-dlnor. pdrv 
£160 p.w. 01-4666873, . 

LYHAMS Letting and Mamwemert 
service in w i 3W London cars 
Ulalty for your noma. 736 6605. 

roulpped otmoot new 2 bed OaL 
£150pw. Buchanans. 351 TT67- 

W. KENSINGTON, a refurbMiad ft* 
afcharacter. 2 dblebodHnietc.coM. 
£160 pw. 6023731. 


It r* ; -X AL' '[MiiiJ 

Plus £10 Airport Tax 

01-493 4312/0641 


Iceland, a fantasy island where nature, hand 
in hand with the legends, has created a 
landscape of breathtaking beauty, volcanoes, 
bubbling hot springs that burst into 180 foot 
geysers, spectacular waterfalls and warm 
summer days that last for 24 hours. 

Ybu can step Into another world for as 
little as £199 



LONDON WI J 3J0 - TELEPHONE 01-221 7278 
a X ES GLASGOW TELEPHONE 041-204 0242 - ABTAfATOL 1337 


FRIENDSHIP, Love or Marriage. 
Dairti m-. all wo. area*. DHtettne. 
Dept OSI i a* AWnsdon Road. 
London vvg. Tel: 01-938 toil. 
YOUR CINE FILMS Converted to 
video tape - Any ago. Details: Moving 
Movie* 01-2409129. 

CALIBRE CYi. Professionally written 
and produced curriculum vitae 
documents. Details. 0Z-6BO2969. 


BRIDGE. - London School of Bridge 
ana Club. 28 Kings Rd. 6W3. 01-689 



The carpet collection 

...just a selection 01 our 

many reductions— 

80*v wool 2A*p in Eon Broodiooni rn nr 
JO plain rokxirHayt 

VVaoLnra wind pile -o -c 
14 plain cokjonMyi -* 
Prure? per jifd. etcbMvg pi VAT 


127 Fulham Road, Chdsea, SWl 
P i-56 1 8643 

82 Pari Road, (andoa NWi 
UI.-J3 1*21 

160 Liiprpoo! Road, lifnigtofl, NX 

u; pjw I2JJ 

v The carpet 
/ collection 

Eftli igrf.% ft* afiTiagl 


KMlwitff. i, si 

Owlet partat trem £129 
SaH catering from E89 
Lata bookings - Pay by craSt card. 

Tot 01-351 544$ 
Half term stffl available 

ATOL 13378 


KEY FLATS. Contact os on 244 7363 
for the Beat selection et mr a bated 
Oats/bouscs lo rent ' 

BARNSSURY Ni l bed. s/c Iwr/o-nd 
fIM. £78 P.w- CH. TeL 01-607 4960. 
Alter 8m oabr. 

Nr. FORTH UM & MASON. 2 M. 2 
bam. roof terrace. £27 Bow 086 9842 


FULHAM, SWB. Btnote bed-att. Own 
cookUie lariii'im. ftidge. OL £4C«iw. 
01-381 0146. 

required By Plaza Eatatea.- An Nan 
Secretarial vacancies. 

nag. Tet 228 

try Mudio naL fu&y 
1/2 persons. Rant 


-M r- * 

rn 8r*j 




,i 1. 1 , K 

also on page 28 

CHELSEA 2 badrogra^ 2baths. lux flaL 
c« 7 pf. portar. £220 pw. Tefc 01-937 





Over 1*3 naDiOQ of Ae most 
affloeot people in the country read 
the classified cchmmscfllieTimes. 
Thefoflowing categories appear 
regnbriy ereiy week, and are gen- 
era% accompanied by zdeviuit 
editorial articles. 

Usetbe coupon (rigid), and find 
out bow easy, fast and economical 
it is to advertise bi Tbe Times 

MONDAY Rflnratten: Univosiiy 
Appointments, Prep. Sc Public School 
Appointments,Educalional Courses, 
Scholarships & Fellowships. 

TUESDAY Compoter Horizons: a 
romprebensive guide to the 
computer market 
Legal Appoinlinnite Solicitog, 
Commercial Lawyeax, Legal Oflicea, 
Private ft PUbh'c practice. 

Oene SecrcUrial/fi\ appointments 
over£7^0. General seaetariaL 

Property: ResidentjaLCommecdaL ■' 

Town & Councry, Oveoeas, Rentals, 

THU1JSD AY General A«ioW- 
BMtK Chief Executives. Managing 
Directors, Dircctoc, Sales mid Market- 
tng Executives, Pubfic, finance and 
Overseas Appointmentt. Including a 

new classification entitled Fbondat 

^AccoBBtaocyAffdaiBeats. ' 

FRIDAY Motors: A complete car 

dealers and private saks. 


Sefl^ property, fianchises, - 
equipment etc, to smafland laigc 

Holidays abroad, Low cost flights, - 
Cruises, Car hire. UJC. Travel: Hoiefc* 
Cottages, Holiday lets. . 
EatemduMids: L 

« il Pnortaitappcurins. 

RaS m iS 8 ) 10 ? a, ? 1 « nfl,m ofinsertioa 

rtf? hnes). Boxed Display £23 per single, 

.column centimetre. Court and Social fiS per I'me. AO' rates +3wKI^r 

. . FAY WOKWttGE . Send tieTbe Tiaes. SfaMey MmsoOs. 

name " ■ , . • • ; ■• ••:■>. . ' -- 


TELEPHONElDav tintei . 


- DATE OF mkBbTtefriv ■- j. 

1’ I !-• J. 1. I : J. I- -dS I 



* — - 

V'-r , *+i \* 



Summaries by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 


BmBt TlMwithNIck-- 
.Roas'and Debbie QreenwoodL 
Weather at ESS, 725*7.55, \ 
825 snd&55; regional news, - 
waoiherariawdfflcatfcOT , ’ 
7Zt, 7-57 and A27; national 
endiriamational news at 7.00, 
7-30,<-OOi'8JOajd SLOO; sport 
at 720 and t-2ft L ou ise 
Jameson reviews the morning 
2**37. Phis, 

«.15 Good Homing Britain ■*.• 
predated by AnnffDtemorKf 
and Nick Owen.ltewswfth' 

'■'M& ** ■ 

• The stm upper Bps In bitter 
COLD (BBC 2, 8.10pm) are not 
brought on by sangfirowbut by 
Antarctic frosL Por polar resfflence 
of the classic sort you need to took 
to Scott and Co 191 1, or Swan and 


£30,7.00. 7.30. 8.00, 820 and 
0^ exercises at £20 and 
9.17; Sport at£35 and 7 M-, 
Derek Jameson at 7.1% 1 
cartoon at724; pop yideo at 
7.55; Jimmy Greaves's 
television at £35. At 

924 the first of the week's 
reports on miracle babies. 

Co 1988. PracticaBy from the first 
moment that the 12-storcj 
biomedical team to tonigra's 
Horizon film begins its laboratory 
prep arati ons for its mission to the 
frozen wastes, it is complaint after 
complaint ‘We're rehearsing for a 
funeral" is as dose as anyone gets 
to jocularity. “How are you feeJmg?" 
someone asks one of tne scientists, 
Up to his neck in freezing water. 
"Shut up" comes the shivering 
reply. Tm not in a sodabie mood.” 
But, compared to what happens 
■when the 12 arrive In the Antarctic, 
tire laboratory ordeal is undButed 

hilarity. The. bitterness in the title of 
the film has fair less to do with the 
cold than with the mood of man 

: >*£20 Ceetafc1£30 Ray School 

iftSOCseta-. ■ • 

*' , *322B News Afltf Noon with nchard 
■S* k r Whitmore and Prances 

“jif CovsrtWa. Includes subtMed 

ee^pe ji iw'l f ip 



1 Regtond news and weather. 

^^120 PsiHiW*** Ona. Today’s 
TV? - edHtofrtadudeB another report 
Jifeji .inomPaBlCoiatnithe 
VC Swchefisswtiara he explores 
* i^; : the min Island, Mahe, and. 

'■ft . maetsaftot Michael Adams. 

145 little Misses and the . 

V Mtat»r Men (fl. 

2.00 Tbs Parent Prog ra mme. 
Coping with under fives: 2.15 



prevention advice for 

children. 225 Sea Heart 
Magazine programme for the 
hearing impaired <r). 3.15 
Songs of Praise from 
Southwark Cathedral (r) . . 

(Cfcs&tf. 3-52 Regional news, 

3^5Pedcinflton, (ft 4-00 
CatefptorTrefl. Stuart 
‘ Bradjw goes in search of 
seafc. 4,15 Jhnbo and flte Jet 
Set. Cartoon aeries. £20 
Jackanory. Tom Baker with 
the first pert of The Iron Man, 
by-Ted Hughes..£30. .. 
Thundertrirris 2086. Science 
fiction cartoon series. . 

Thames new headlines.' . 
For Schools: Part dne of a .. 
series about Dfe In rural Ireland 
£47 Filming a'SCtoof $ • • 
television programme £59 1 
Learning to read with BN 
Oddto 10.11 The use of . 
computers 1028 Artsvei 
physics: the d eterm i n ation of - 
the Newtonian Constant of 
Gravitation ifiUs German 
conversation 11.08 Maths: . ' ' 
matching and ordering 1122 
Matos: rules to make patterns' 
1129 Shopping in Paris.' - 
Tickle on the Turn. Viflage • 

Eddy Shah In P a iwramk on 
- BBC 1 , at 9.30pm 

who. though they haw agreed to 
become guinea pigs, don t like it one 
bit when they haw to start acting 

• Since may of us know someone 
who has been bereaved by suicide, 
we w* be vicarioysly familiar with 
the feelings of guift, numbness and 
Isolation described by the grieving 
famffies Interviewed in this week's 
Open Sosos documentary. THE 

sense of gratitude that I have thus 
far been spared membership of 
such a confraternity of suffering. 
For famines traumatized by suicide, 
toe therapeutic effect of Michael 
MacCormack's film wrl probably be 
rncafcufabte because if tsBs parents 

how wrong they are if they feel they 
are unique in nursing a sense of 
shame, or If they contemplate 
suicide themselves, or if they 
question the wisdom of showering 

affection on someone If all that it Is 

going to lead to is suicide. 

• Radio highlights: the 1SB5 
Buxton Festivafproduction of 
PiCCini's opera THE GOOD- 
NATlffiED GIRL (Radio 3. 7.00pm). 
With Geoffrey Dunn's English 
libretto . . . That remarkable 
young vioBnisi Nigel Kennedy is 
partnered by pianist Peter Pettinger 
in tonight's repeated Radio 3 recital 
li i .00pm). it includes the Frantic 
sonata . . . SOME KIND OF 
HERO, Les Smith's drama set in 
Northern Ireland (Radio 4, 8.15pm) 
compounds the existing problems in 
the province by injecting a 
comparatively new menace, racism. 

Peter Davalle 

8.05 Mom 

aicovich's suite Age of Gold 
; Lobar's waltz Gold and 
Stiver (Vienna Johann Strauss 

Orchestra' ~ — •— ** ’ — ’ 

suite Thai 

(Rotterdam PO). £00 News. 

£05 This Week's Composer. 

Ctutxiar. Impromptu In C 
(McMahon, planoj; Sommation 
nraspectuausa (Laptante, tenor; 
Lachance, piano); Trois vaises 
romantiques (Barblzet and 
Hubeau, pianos): and Aa 3 of 
L'Etoile (Chorus and Orchestra of 
Opera De Lyon, with sotostsJT. 
10.00 Ceto music Alexander Battle 

(caflo) with Jack Keeney (ptano). 
FouW’s Keltic Lament No 2. Op 
29: Cassations Toccata after 
Frescobaldi: Kenneth Leighton's 

The Popes of Messleen and 
Lenowtz: documentary, 
presorted by Richard Rodney 
Bennett, with contributions from 
Plane Boutex. Andre Casanova. 
Antonie Duhamel, Maurice La 
Roux, Jean Louis Martinet Serge 
Nigg and Michd Phifipott with 
Penelope Waimslsy-Clarke 
(soprano) and Susan Bradshaw 

Viofin and piano recital: Nigel 
Kennedy (viofin) and Peter 
Pettinger. Franck's Sonata m A; 
Falla's Suite populaire 
espagnote; Ravel's Rapsodie aa 
concert: Tziamef. 

News. 12.0s Closedown. 

Radio 2. 

Elegy: Tchaikovsky's Pezzo 
Capncdoso; Kodaty's Adagio in 

News on the hour. Haa dines 530am, 
■330, 720 and 830. Sports Desks 

1025 UlQ5(er Orcheslre (under Bryden 
Thomson). Bax's Symphony No 



Radio 4 

5.00 PM: News maoazina. MW 
Shipping. 5^5 Weather. 

6 JOO News: Ftnenoial Report 

630 Just a Minute: with Kenneth 
WBbams. Barry Cryer. Ian His lop 
and Derek Nlmmo. Chairman: 
Nicholas Parsons tr).t 
RADIO 4 (2) 

7.00 News. 

7.05 The Archers. 

720 On Your Farm (r). 

7.45 Science Now. Review of 

discoveries and developments, 
with Peter Evans. 

tBtes lor chRdren (0 12.1IF 
LetTs Pretend to toa story of ' 
The Double Bass Who Lost a 
: String. 

Drugs For A8? Jenny Bryan 
teams about antibiotics. 

News at One wkh Leonard 
FHnr The Man Whb Wouldn’t 
Talk* (1957) starring Anna 
NeagkL Anthony Queyle arid 
Zsa 7sa Gabor. Thrffler about 
a sctentistandBseeretBgent 
who have teamed about toa 
secrets of-germ warfare. ' 
Directed by Herbert VVBcox 
325 Themeenews heacBtoes 
320 The Yotmg Doctors. 
Tickle on toe Tum. A repeat of 
the programme shown at noon 
4.1 <T The Tefebugs 420 He- 
Man and Masters of the 
Universe 4.45 Spirit Bey. A 
series set In the wfki wastes of 
Northern Canada. 

News. £00 Thames news. 
Help! Supplementary Benefit ^ 
news for non- English speaking 
Chinese, with EngBsh 

Crossroads. Daniel begins his 
own investigations: 

Wish You Were Here..? 
Jucfth Chalmers helps 
Concorde celebrate Its 10th ' 
anniversary; Armaka Rica tries 
a two-centre Tunisian hofiday: 
end Chris Kelly is in Bude 
sampling a holiday designed 
for. the one-parent family ' 

Coronation Street Mike 
Baldwin faces serious 
questioning from Susan 
Bartow over his affair with her 
stepmother (Oracle). - 
Ail In Good Faith. Richard 
Briers staraas the vtcpr who 
wants to move to adeprived • 
Inner dty parish fn order to' 
cure his crt^sof consctenca - 
but hte family are happy where 
they are. • • 
i World in Action: Doctor, 
There’*' Something in My 
Soup. An Investigation Into the 
risks of food poisoning in 
hospitals, postponed from last- 
week. EnyfrdnmaRtal health 
specialist Richard 'North pays 
unannounced visits to hospital 
kitchens; toe Minister of 
Health, Barney Hayhoe, 
replies for the Government 
i The BHfc Loan Sharic A 
woman is caught shoprating 
and reveals details of an Segal 
money-lending racket (Oracle), 
i News at Ten. 

Fibre Hear No EvD (1982) 
starring Gil Gerard. A made- 
for-teie vision drama about a . 
policeman on toe traR of the • 
gangthatbpoby-trapp«d his 
car and caused an explosion “ 
that left him deaf. Directed by 
Harry Falk. . 
i Night Thoughts. 

920 Ceefax. 

9.15 Daytime on Two: Moving 
house -the rotes of the 
removal firm and the estate 
agents 928 The handicapped 
- - atwdrk 1020 For four-and« 
five-year olds 10.15 Music - 
tune shapes 1028 History: 
Mao's 42 years as leader of 
1 the'Chinese Communist party. 

455 John Craven's Newarwaid.- ■ 

, SJSBbie Petto. Build your , ' 
own ddte'dotoes boutique. 

: " 4. £35 Charles In Charge. American * 
comedy series. 

•••, 6.00 News with Sue Lawtey snd 
: Nicholas Witched. Weather. 

635 London Plus.. 

- A 7.00 Wogan. Refreshed by his 

hbWay In the sun. Terry 
welcomes Sr Robin Day, 
Arnold Schwarzenegger, 
n . Denis Lawson and Nana 


7.40 Stersky and Hutch. With a free 
week and in prospect the two 
-- poticemen deckle to play a cat 

. and mouse game with each 

other - one stalking the other 

who is hiding In toB city. But 
unbeknown to Hutch, he has 
been feeding on infected soup 

and the game becomes a ■' 

matter of fife and death (r). 

820 Don’t Wall Up. Tom's nerves 
^ are frayed due to his girlfriend 

walking out on him and he 
r j^ves his father his marching 

orders. Starring Tony Britten 
and Nigel Havers (Ceefax). ' 

£00 Newawfth Julia Somervifle . 

and John Humptsrys. Weather. 

- ■ 930 Panorama: StiidT- Gn*4toig 

the Front Page Lead. Fred ■. 

■ Emery presents a programme 

about the crisis in Fleet Street 
With fibn of Eddy Shah’s 
. & presses In action. Inside News 

IntemationaTs plant to 
Wapping and interviews with. 

- Bruce Matthews of News 
Intern a ti o nal. Roger Bowes of 
Express Newspapers. Hugh 
Lawson of the Daily Telegraph 
and Eddy Shah. From the 
union skfe. Eric Hamm ond arid 

: Tom Rice of the EETPU, Tony 

J - Dubbins oftoeNGA, Harry 

Conroy of toe NUJ. and 
Braoda Dean of Sogat '82 are 
' totarviewed. ■ 

. v 10.10 Fibre The Maraetee Contract 

-v (1974) starrtog Michael Caine. 

Anthony Quinn and James 
Mason. United States 
L. narcotics agent. Stave 

Ventura, In Paris fe forced to 
hire a professional kffler to gat 
- to a leading drugs ring chief. 

Directed by Robert Parrish, 
1120 Weather. 

1120 Planets and comets. 

1122 Aflabout bridges 11 .40 East 
..and West points of view. 12.10 
. Companies that have survived 
the recession 12.40 
Manufacturing wtth plastic 
125 Lesson three of the better 
badminton course t28 The" 
infrastructure of Scotland's oi 
industry 2J» Words and 
pictures 2.18 Sex education ‘ 

.. 2.40 Part three of the drama. - 
; Buddy, starring Roger Daftrey. 

£05 Ceefax. 

525 News summary with subtittes- 

520 Micro Live from ths Which 
Computar? Show at the 
National Exhftxtion Centre. Ian 
McNaught-Davis and Fred 
Harris exam toe tits products 
on display; Lesley Judd 
presents.toe Micro Live RITA 
Awards for achievement in 
Information Technology (r). 

6.00 FRm: Gold Diggers of 1933*: 

: (1933), starring Warren WHttam 

, and Joan Blondell. A Busby 
Berkeley spectacular sat 
agatost the background of the 
Depression. With Ruby Keeler, 
Dick Powell and Ginger 
Rogers. Directed by Marvyn ■ 
Leroy. . 

725 Open Speee: The Shadow of 
Suicide. Three famIBas who 
have experienced the suicide 
of a-nsar relative, one year, 
three years and nine years 
ago, talk about how they felt at 
the time and how they feel now 
(see Choice). 

.8.10 Horizon: Bitter Cold. A ' 
documentary about 
experiments to see how much 
suffering can be endured by 
. . man In extreme cold (see 

920 Comrade Dad. Comedy series 
set in Russian-occupied . 
Britain. Reg (George Cola) 
begins his own cteon-up 
campaign when a spate of 
anti-Atoanten jokes suddenly 
surface. • 

225 Winston ChurchB-Tbe 
VsXsnt Yeara* Part ll of the 
26-eptoode history of the 
Second World War, based on 
the memoirs of Winston 
Church®, reaches the period 
' 61 tiie Second Front in North 
Africa and Churchill’s dealings 
with State. 

3.00 The.Lato, Late Show. Gay 
Byms presents Ms chat show, 
first seen in the Irish Republic 
on Saturday night 

4.00 A Plus 4. Amnesty 
International celebrates its 
25th anniversary and GiB 

' -v . NmQje talks to the founder, 

. . Peter Benensan; Janet 
• Johnston, the head of the 
British section; and to Sheiib 
N adeem, a torture victim, now 
the organization’s campaign 

420' Countdown. The reigning 

champion, freelance journalist 
John Kralsvfch, is challenged 
by Dorothy Bailey from 
. Rotherham. 

5.00 A8ea. A young man arrives in 
Phoenix from Las Vegas after 
his engagement is broken. He 
falls for Afica on the rebound 
and threatens to throw himself 
off the roof of the diner when 
Aflce rejects him. 

520 Food for ThoughL Marion 
• Bowman visits an aerobics 
class and discovers that the 
participants are more keen to 
exerctee than to achieve the 
same results by eating 
sensibly, (r). 

6.15 World of Animation, 

presented tv Richard Evans. 

6.30 Be Your Own Bota. The third 
programme in the series 
examine* franchising (OradeMO 

on long wave.tatoo VHF Memo. 

5-55 Shipping Forecast 6.00 Naurs 
Brieteg: Weather. 6.10 Farming 
Week. 625 Prayer lor the Day. 
520 Today, ind 620, 720, 820 News 
summery. &45 Business Nawe. 
625. 725 Weather. 720, 8.00 
News. 725. 625 Sport. 7.4S 
Thought for the Day. 

625 The Weak on 4. With Marshall 

1120 Haydn and Bach: Jean-Louis 

10.30 Jenmy Young. f 125pm David 
Jacobs-T 2.00 Gloria Hunmford.l 3-30 

Sieuerman (piano) plays Haydn’s 
Sonata In G minor. H XVI 44; anti 
Bach's Partita m B minor 
(Overture in toe French Style), 
BWV 831 f . 

12.05 BBC Welsh SO (under 

Norrington), with Bddwen Harrhy 
(soprano). Handel's Sileie Venti: 
Beethoven's Symphony No 81. 
1.00 News. 

1.05 BBC Lunchtime Concert 

Ends (tor Quarter play Haydn's 
Quartet in G manor Op 74 No 3 
(The Rkter); Britten's Quarrel No 

6.43 JotmEbdon links racortteasfre 
the BBC Sound Archives. £57 

the BBC Sound Archive*. 827 
Weather; Travel. 

. 920 News. 

925 Start the Week with Richard 

10.00 News; Money Box. Financial 
advice, presented by Louise 

1020 Morning Story: The Young 
tonocant by Mark Bourne. 
Reader Robert Rietty. * 

10.45 Daity Service (New Every 
Monvng, page 54),f 

11.00 News: Travrt; Down Your Way. 
Brian Johnston visrts Bond 
Street, London (r).t 

11.43 Poetry Please! Poetry requested 
by listeners. Read by Ronald 
Pickup and JB Baican. Presented 
by P J Kavanagh. 

1220 New; You And Yours. Presented 
by Pattis Coldwefl. 

1227 Bnsgue Mate. Last of four stirring 
tales to which SkDigbySpode 
and Hubert Carstairs thwart the 
forces of swarthy skulduggery. 
Today. The Skua ot the Laughing 
Goatrl 225 Weather. 

1.00 The World At One: News. 

£15 The Monday Play. Some Kind of 
Hero, by Les Smith, whh Tony 
Armatradtog and Linton Kwesi 
Johnson. Drama, set in present- 
day Northern Ireland! 

9.30 Music Around. 

9.45 Kaleidoscope. 

10.15 A Book At Bedtime: Wind. Sand 
and Stars, by Antoine de Saint* 

Jacobs! 2.00 Gloria Hunnrford.1 3-30 
Music All The Way! 420 Damd 
Hamilton.! 6.00 John Dunn.t 8.00 Alan 
DeU with Danes Band Days! 9.00 
Humphrey Lyttelton with the best of jazz 
on £55 Sport Desk. 10.00 Monday 
Movie Quiz IRay Moore)! 1020 Star 
Sound. 1120 Brian Matthew presents 
Round Midnight (stereo from m'idniqh:) 
1.00am NightrideJ 3.00-4.00 A Utile 
Night Music! 

Radio 1 

and Stars, by Antoine de Si 
Exupery (1 J. Reader John 
Barmen. 1029 Weather. 

10.30 The World Tonight 
11.15 Ths Financial World Tonight. 
1120 Today to Parliament. 

1220 News; Weather. 1223 Shipping. 
VHF (avalabte in England and S. 
Wales only) as above except 

5.55- 6.00am Weather: Travel 
1120-12.00 For Schools: 11.00 
Music Makers. 1120 Let's Move! 
11.40 Johnny Bail's Maths 
Game! 1120 Poetry Comer. 

1.55- 320pm For Schools: 125 

Listening Comer. 225 Playtime. 
220 Introducing Science. 240 
Topic SongbocX.f 245 Radio 
Club. 5.50-525 PM (continued). 
I230-1.10am Schools Night- 
Time Broadcasting: Deutsch fur 
dm Oberstufe. 

200 Music Weekly: Includes a 

conversation with Isaac Stem; 
Malcolm Hayes on the songs of 
Berg: and Bryan NonhcoR on 
completing someone else'5 

245 New Records: Brahms's Tragic 
Overture (RLPO). Le bar’s Metoe 
Ltppen, se kussen so heiss 
(Moser. soprano/Munich Radio 
Orchestra): Vanhafs Viofin 
Conceno in G (Suk, violin and 
Suk Chamber Orchestra); 
klozan'5 Sonata n D, K 44B 
(Perahia and Radu Lupu. pianos); 
Zener’s Wantfrers NachtUed; 
Wogeht's Liabchen? (Fischer- 
Dieskau. baritone). 425 News. 

5.00 Mainly lor Pleasure; Jeremy 
Siepmann with a selection ot 
recorded musict. 

News on the half hour from 620am until 
920pm and at 12 midnight. 6.00am 
Adrian John. 7.30 Mike Read 9.30 
Simon Bates. 12.30pm News beat (Frank 
Partridge). 1245 Gary Davies. 3.00 
Steve Wnght- 520 Newsbaat (Franr 
Partridge). 5.45 Bruno Brookes. 720 
Janice Long 1020-1220 John Peal t 
VHF RADKSS 1 & 2 4.00am As Radio S. 
10.00pm As Radio 1. 1220-4.0Qem As 
Radio 2. 


620 Music (or the Iron Voice: 

Christopher Herrick, cn the organ 
ot H&darslev Cathedral in 
Denmark plays works including 
Nielsen s Commotiot. 

140 The Archers. 1J55 Shipping. 
200 News: Wdman's Hour, (ndudes 

9.30 Ths Bob Monkhouse Show. 

■ Among ths gussts tonight is 
Benson and Soap star, Robert 
GutHaume. Others appearing 
- are cometfians, Jtowny Cricket, 
and Hsta and Pace. 

10.10 Submarine. Episode three and 
f or one of toe four would-be 
submarine captains hopes of 
success are shattered. Ths 
narrator b John Neffies (r) 

1040 Hew i ni gfrt indudes an 

. interview wtth the Israeli Prime 
Minister, Shimon Peres. 1125 
- Weather. 

1140 Teto-JoumaL The news as 
seen by viewers of East 
’ Berlin's Aktuelle Kamere 
station. With Klaus Roe mar 
and Chantal Cuer. Ends at 
- 1200 . 

Channel Four news with Peter 

CnmineM. With his views on « 
matter of topical Importance is 
architect, Jbn Sneddon. 

Brook side. Paul Collins Issues 
Lucy's lover an ultimatum. - 
Lou Grant- White Lou b 
absorbed with a domestic 
matter. Rossi finds himself in 
trouble over ■ construction 
company scandaL 
Chance in a Million. The ■ 
hapless Tom Chance and hb 
long-suffering girlfriend, 

Alteon, Arrive at Alison's 
parents to Inform them that 
they are to be engaged. But 
things never work out as they 
should and what was 
supposed to have bean an 
uneventful weekend ends up 
with an ugly incident at the golf 

Bear end Skftttes. Tha first of 
a six-part animated 
examination of that British 
institution - (ha pub. 

Greece: The Hidden War. The 
final part of the series tradng 
toe history of the Greek Civil 
War from 1947 to 1949. 
nire The Extraordinary 
Adventures of Mr Wext In the 
Land of the Bolehevflcs* 
(1984). A Russian-made sBent 
classic comedy about a United 
States Senator on a mission to 
Russia. Directed by Lev 
Kuleshov. Ends at 1225. 

200 Naw«; Woman's Hour. Includes 
an interview with picture-book 
• creators Janet and ABanAhlberg 
and part 3 of The Reason Why. 

320 News; The Afternoon Pby.Fal 
Guy by Peter McKehmy . Wtth 
Trevor Nictate end Me&nda 
Walker. A smuggler Is mistaken 

4.17 A Fox Went Out on A Chflty Night 
Some foxy tabs told by Kate 
Tiffin (r). 

420 Kaleidoscope. La» Friday's 
edition (r). 

Radio 3 

7.00 The Good Naiured Girl. The 1985 
Buxton Festival production of 

625 Weather. 7.00 News. 

7.05 Morning Concert Sibelius's 

Picdru's three-act opera. Sung in 
English to Geoffrey Dunn's 
translation. Singers indude 
Miriam Bowen.Nan Christie. Rha 
Cullis. Pamela Geddes ana 
Jenme Roebuck. The Manchester 
Camerata are conducted by 
Anthony Hose, with Tim Dean 
(harpsichord conttouo). Act two at. 
825 and act three at 925, with 

symphonic Fantasia Pohjoia's 
Daughter (Bournemouth SO) 
Janacek's symphonic poem The 
Fiddler's Chdd (Brno State PO); 
Schubert’s Death and the Maiden 
(Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau and 
Moore, piano): Mozart's Viofin 
Concerto No 3 to G. K 21 6 
(Perlman and Vienna PO)t.£00 

Interval talk at 825 by Professor 
Helmut Bonheim on The History 
of the Emotions!, and another 
interval talk at 9.20. 

6.00am Nawsdesk. TJX News 7.09 Tv.enry- 
Poyr Hours. 720 Santo and Company BJX 
News SJJ9 Refections. 6.15 Foreign Attars. 
8J0 Anything Goes. 9.00 News. 9.09 Renew of 
British Press. 9.15 Good Books. 9.30 Financial 
News. 9.40 Look Ahead 9.45 Peebles Choice. 
1020 News. 1021 The Gorbachev Inheritance. 
1020 HitsvWe USA. 11.00 News 11.09 News 
About Bmato 11.15 Development '86 1220 
Rac&o Newsreel 12.15 Quale. L'nqucie 12.45 
Sports Rouno-up. 120 News 129 Twer.iv- 
FoiX Hours 1 JO Talking AOOul UuSiC 2.00 
Outlook. 2.45 Poers On Uusic 3.00 P.a^n 
Newsreel. 3.15 Tn« Gorbacnev inheritance 

3.45 Deveiosment '66 4.00 News 4.09 

Commenury. 4.15 No Pise* Like It. 4J0 Se» 
and violence and Opera. 4.45 The wo-w 
Today. 6.00 News 5.09 800 Choice 920 
News. 9.15 Sex and Violence and Os e/a 9J0 
Rock Salad 1020 News 10.09 The World 
Today. KL25 Book Choice 10J0 Finsnael 
News 10.4Q Refections. 10.45 Spcrts 
Roundup. 11.00 News 11.09 Commentary. 
11.15 No Place Uka it. 11 JO Ouote. Unquote. 
1220 News. 1229 News About Brian 12.15 
Radio NewsreeL 12J0 Sarah And Company. 
1.00 News 1.01 Outlook. 1 JO Short Siwy 

1.45 No Place Like IL 220 News. 209 Renew 
of the Brush Press. 2.15 Network UK. 2J0 
Sports International. 320 Ne.vs. 329 News 
About Britain. 3.15 The Worn) Today 3-30 John 
Peel 420 New&deah. 4J0 Sounds ot Stnngs. 
525 The world Today. 

(All times tn GMT) 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1: lD53kHz/285m; 1089kH2/275m; Radio 2 : 693kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m : Radio 3: 121SkHz/247m: VHF -90-92.5: Radio 4: 
200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-95; LBC 1 152kHz/26lm; VHF 97.3; Capitah 1548kHz/194m: VHF 95.8: BBC Radio London 1458kHz/206m: VHF 94.9; World 
Service MF 648kHz/463m. 

dot 1 WALES 5.35pm-6.00 Wales 
PPV/ 1 Today. £35-7.00 tntemational 
Sheepdog Trials. 11.40-12.40om 


lntemattonal Rugby Special: England v 
Wales and Scotland v France. 1140- 

Wales and Scotland v France. 12.40- 
12.45 News and weather. SCOTLAND 
10!Qam-1£30 Bzzz. 5J5pm-6.00 
Catchword. £35-7.00 Reporting 
Scotland. 7.40-630 Indoor Footoafl 

hcwTRi I As London except 1.20 
UtWirWL News. 1 J0-3J0 Ftlm: 

Esther Waters* (Dirk Bogarde). £00- 
720 News. 1030 Central Week. 11.05 
V. 12.05em Contact 1225 Closedown. 

GRAMPIAN As London except 

UHMWiriMW 1 ^ 0pm Naw5 1.3Q 

FSrrr. The Mudbank '(Alex Guiness). 
£15320 Showcase. 5.15-5.45 
Emmerdale Farm. £00-7.00 North 

I tl CTFR As London except I^Opm 
UL.O i cn 1-30 Film. Man 

In The Moon. 315 Cartoon. 3.30 Short 
Story Theatre. 6-00 Good Evening 
Ulster. £30-720 Lifestyle. 10.30 
Lakeland Games; Enniskillen v Cork. 
11.00 V. 1125 10 Green Bottles. 
1£20am News. Closedown. 

(Torment's Sixes). 10.10-11.00 Indoor 
Footbal. 1120-1220sm Film: The 

Footbal. 1120-1220»m FUm: The 
Marseille Contract (Michael Caine). 
12.30-1225 Weather. NORTHERN 

IRELAND £35pm-£40 Today’s Sport 
5.40-620 Inside Ulster. £35-720 

£40-620 Inside Ulster. £35-720 
Channel One. 11.40-11.45 News and 
weather. ENGLAND 12.00- 12J0pm 
(South-West only): Secret Nature. 6.35- 
7.00 Regional news magazines. 


Flm: Arsenal Stadium Mystery'. 3.00- 
3J0 Three Uttte Words. 6.00-720 
News. 1020 Extra Tune. 11.15 V. 
12.15am Moviemakers. 12.45 

Tonight. 10.30 Jimmy Reid Show. 11-15 
V. 12.15am News. Ctosedown. 

CAT Starts 120pm Countdown. 1.3»" 
^ FSce the Press. 220 Ffeneatn. 


Schools. £00pm-720 Wales at Sa. 
1020 About Face. 11.00 V. 12.00- 
12J0am Moviemakers. 

2J0 Moelwyn. 2J3B Hwnt sc Yma. 2JS5 
Interval. 320 Late. Late Show. 420 A 
Ptus 4. 420 March of Time: The 
American Century. £00 Ysgoloriaeth. 

I £30 Pcip the Question. £00 Danger 
Man. 620 Arturiaethau Syr wynff a 
Ptwmsan. 720 Newydrfion Saith. 720 
Arotwg. 820 Lou Grant 920 Gweithdy 
, Comedi. £30 YBydarBedwar. 10.00 

g «* nada aaseasr 

Report*. 120 Film Man Who Finally 
Died. (Stanley Baker). 320 Animal 
Camouflage 3.25 Granada Reports. 
3.30-4.00 Sons and Daughters. 6.00 
Granada Reports. 620-7.00 Diffrent 
Strokes. 1£30 Double Vision. 1120 
Film: "Mark ot the Devil" (Dirk 
Benedict). 12.25am Closedown. 

TCW 4s London except: 120pm 
News. 1.30 Lunchtime Live 
2.00-320 Frim: Whafs a Nice Girt Like 
You . . .7 6.00 Today Souih West 6.30- 

7.00 Gardens for All. 1027 Iniarpub '85. 
11.05 Mickey Spillane's Mike Hammer. 

12.00 Callback Reports. 12.06am 


Help Yourself. 120 Fim: Dangerous 
Davies: The Last Detective (Bernard 
Cribbina). 325 News. 320-420 Country 
Practice. 620 Calendar. 620-7.00 
Ertterprize 86. 1020 Calendar 
Commentary. 11.00 Prisoner Cefl Block 
H. 1220 Comedy Tonight. 1220am 

VAI1IW1. 9 wjw-. ■ ■ — -- 

Chasing a Rainbow: Lite of Josephine 
Baker. 11 25 Terminus. 1125 

Baker. 11 25 Terminus. 1125 


Action Line. 125 Film: "She dressed to 
K»". 320-4.00 About Gaelic. £15-5-45 
Emmerdale Farm. £00 News and 
Scotland T oday. 6.30-7.00 What's Your 
Problem?. 10 20 Crime Desk. 10.35 
Masterclass. 1125 Late Call. 11.10 Cher 
at Caesar's Palace. 12.05am 

ANRI I A As London except 120pm 
MI VJ News. 120 Film: I was a 
Mait-Ordar Bride £15 Cartoon 325- 
3.3D News. 5.15-5.45 Emmerdale Farm. 
6.00 About Anglia. 620-7.00 Survival. 
10.30 Anglia Reports. 1120 V. 12.00 
Jazz Life. 12- 30am window on the 
World. Ctosedown. 

twc As London except 1 20pm 

News. 1.30 Home Cookery. 125- 
320 Film: Press tor Time* (Norman 
Wisdom). 5!5-£45 Sons and 


Farm Atd. Wtth Kenny Rogers and Kris 
Krtetofterson. £10 Cartoon. 325-£30 
News. 620 Northern Ufa. £30-720 
Definition. 1022 V. 1220am Together, 

52?5 er 

Ma gn ificent Seven Deadly Sins (Harry H 
Corbett). £30-4.00 Sons and Daughters. 
6.00 Lookaround. £15 Indoor 
Gardening. £30-7.00 Mr £ Mrs. 1020 
Falcon Crest. 1120 Marlowe - Private 
Eye. 12.30am News. Closedown. 


Daughters. £00 Coast to Coast. 6,30- 
7Muitf'rant Strokes. 10. 3D Questions 
from LittJehampton- 11.15 Sense &f the 
Pasl. 11.45 Live from City Hall. 12.15am 
Company. Ctosedown. 

Home Cookery. 125-320 Film: Press 
tor Time*. £l5-£45 Sons and 
Daughters £00-720 Queen's VaOey Or 
Not? 1020 Quastmns. 11.15 Sense ol 
the Past. 11-45 Live at City Hall. 
12.15am Ctosedown. 

I Slnieo * BLvk hno wtine id 



Work on Channel 
tunnel likely 
to start in 1987 


Tears of pride as the band plays on 

By Philip Webster, 

Work on a rail tunnel 
between Britain and France 
should start late next year and 
by 1993 passengers will be able 
to travel non-stop from London 
to Paris in just over three hours. 

Mrs Thatcher and President 
Mitterrand are expected at a 
historic summit at Lille in 
northern France this morning to 
announce the immediate go- 
ahead for a rail tunneL with 
provision for a road tunnel to 
be built later if it is technically 
and financially feasible. 

Some 1 84 years alter 
Napoleon first proposed a 
Channel tunnel while waging 
war on Britain, the British and 
French leaders will announce 
who has won the biller battle 
for the right to build it. 

The indications yesterday 
were that they have chosen the , 
Channel Tunnel Group’s £2.3 
billion scheme for a twin-bore 
rail link for mainline trains and 
shuttles carrying cars and other 

But the Prime Minister will 
press strongly this moming for a 
road to be built in future. 

During the long negotiations i 
Mrs Thatcher and Mr Nicholas , 
Ridley, the Secretary of State j 
for Transport, have been pres- , 
sing for a road link, less popular 
with the French, and were 
leaning towards the Channel ; 
Expressway scheme for a road j 
and rail solution. . 

But a letter from Sir Nicholas 

• Political Reporter 
Henderson, who heads the 
Channel Tunnel Group, prom- 
ising to look at a future road 
option, may have been the key 
factor in the Government's 
acceptance of an immediate rad 

Mrs Thatcher has electoral 
reasons for being attracted to 
the idea of a huge construction 
project. The promoters have 
said it would bring 30,000 jobs 
on both sides of the Channel. 

After the announcement at 
the Lille town hall, there will be 
a statement from Mr Ridley to 
MPs this afternoon. 

A treaty between the two 
countries is expected to be 
signed in early February and a 
“hybrid” Bill introduced into 
Parliament in March, which 
will allow objectors to put their 
case to a select committee. But 
there will be no public inquiry. 

• PARIS: There was surprise 
here that the British Press has 
been so definite in announcing 
lhar the Channel Tunnel Group 
would be chosen (Susan Macdo- 
nald writes). 

The ultimate decision, it is 
emphasized, is still a Mitter- 
rand/Tbatcher one and will be 
taken during their hour-long 
meeting today. The French 
would like iheir high-speed 
TGV train to complete the 
Paris/London run. unimpeded 
if possible by the shuttle train 
service on the same line. 

Election credits, page 12 

BA sale faces delay 

Continued from page 1 
haying to wait until after the 
British Gas flotation is not 
ruled out in government. 
Although Whitehall sources 
suggest that reports the sale 
could be delayed beyond the 
next election are “over the top”, 
there are fears within British 
Airways that that may be the 

A further delay would anger 
Conservative MPs and cause 
.them to put a question mark 
over the Government’s resolve 
to privatize British Airways. 

The Government says it 
would be irresponsible to write 
a prospectus to market shares 
with the possibility of an 
expensive lawsuit hanging over 
the company, which would 
have the effect of devaluing its 
worth. But there are fears at 

British Airways that the 
Government is being over 
cautious in its reaction to the 
legal process. 

The company wants the sale 
to go ahead quickly because of 
the risk of a decline in the 
prospects of the aviation indus- 
try which would effectively 
devalue the company more. 

British Airways said yester- 
day; “We are planning and the 
Government is planning for a 
floatation in the summer. 

Mr Michael Spicer, the 
aviation minister, said yester- 
day: “We want to privatize 
British .Airways as soon as we 
can in the new financial year. 
We recognize that we have a 
problem with the American 
courts but that has been the 
situation for several months. 

Continued from page. 1 
' Britannia’s first rescue mission 
were treated to a concert by die 
Marines band on the yacht's 
quarter deck to help soothe 
their nerves, “Within an hour 
or two or leaving a frightening 
situation people were made to 
feel secure. It was wonderful to 
see, “Mr Marshall said. 

He described the situation in 
Aden at the time of their 
departure as “mayhem” 

“Aden has been a nightmare 
for the last week,? said Mr 
Marshall, who volunteered to 
return to Aden , on board the 
Royal Yacht to help supervise a 
follow-up ■ evacuation mission. 
“It’s been unpleasant and very 
dangerous. TTiere were burnt- 
.out tanks and dead bodies 

. According to Mr Finn 
Bergstrand, the' Swedish 
Ambassador to Aden, who was 
evacuated on board the Royal 
Yacht there bad been a 
deliberate attempt by the auiti- 
Government forces to inter ru pt 
the evacuation. 

The Royal Yacht had to 
abandon its first rescue mis- 
sion, leaving a number ' of 
foreigners stranded on the 
beaches, when heavy fig fr tfn g 
started in the evacuation area: 

Mr Jeremy Flaxman, a 
British insurance agent, said 
fighting had broken out near 
the beach, forcing, the Britannia 
to leave about 160 foreigners 
behind. “Shrapnel started fly- 
ing around the launches”, he 

Today in the United States equality -and the "-respect ;^ 
belongs to Martin- Luther whites. • . 

King, who made America Thus many black jeaij,. 

trafer to its ideals. On the first ^ pying to 

national public holiday in his Luther" King Day : more fliahS 

name. President and people holiday. 

are honouring the mission of a focus 'for bringing' 

man ahead of his time; and and purpose to a znbvmhw 

Uti'nln iwrtimilor twOhI. .1 L.‘. — i™' 

.blacks in particular arc reflect- ^ey think has fcfleti-' ^ 
iag on his legacy. disarray. The.- JjtafcjjaSS 

■ For some the legacy seems bration of Dr King^ jsf:^ 
disappointing. The mass poignant reminder ofviaj* 1 

movement which Dr King great a loss was bisleatfaxhia 
suffused with his own integrity how young he was:- 
and. steeliness certainly he was murdered inM erm flfc- 
wrought revolutionary change, in 1968. (His killer, JSnyxSii 

Southern apartheid was made Ray, is still in jail) 

to collapse under its own The winning', of- a- aatio&r 

nkninli'h. onH inniclvw an/1 I 1 1 : J , • ."VTJVJ: 

absurdity and injustices, and annual holiday -has 
also under the recognition that years. It bad mahytipporams/ 

large parts of a country that president Reagan was\«£ 
professed to bebeve men were “Where we do. we" stdp^”!^ 
created equal could be made ^ t0 schoolchildren 

ungovernable by an oppressed passed him. 

minority. . Senator Jesse fikdms tif 

The changes were ones that North Carolina sdutfUo ‘jg whiter nnnfni trv-i- anrl , .. , • 

many whites wanted, too; and 
Dr King lived to see the 

the holiday Bill bysaytngthai 
Dr King may have foy n a 

parage of the Voting Rights e333U 

91 r’ivil Piohto A.-lc uihu-ti “ uu ul WK 

avjlwaxand to build abridge p prtze winner,' ffirtwfeh 
for blacks towards the Amen- -A:.— ^ 

can mainstream. - 
To some extent Dr King's 

phone tapping and harassipent 
of his family. • -f* 

; •- .J- jWr- ‘ 


Swedish consul in Djibouti welcoming fellow countrymen evacuated on the Royal 
Yacht Britannia, commanded by Rear-Admiral John Gamier (right). 

Mr Flaxman had been 
trapped with scores of other 
foreigners at the luxury Frantel 
hotel, at the centre of some of 
the fiercest fighting. 

He said he had seen several 
people lying in the streets dead 
or wounded as the hotel guests 
crept, towards- the. teaefe, 
carrying white flags made of 
broomsticks and piUowcases. 

The Britannia was one of 
four British vessels standing by 
off the South Yemen coast to 
help with evacuation - oper- 
ations. The others were HMS 
Newcastle, a destroyer, the 
frigate HMS Jupiter and. the 
Royal Fleet Auxiliary Bramble 

It was decided to use the 
Britannia for the initini evacu- 
ation operation because she is a 
civilian vessel and is equipped . 
with ' launches suitable for 
ferrying people off the beaches. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, yesterday 
spoke by telephone, to Mr 
Marshall on board the Royal 
Yacht to congratulate him, the 
captain and the crew oh their 

10 some extern ur Kings *, i OOT t» — . 

vision, ; the famous dreahi of tS BflUntS 

5>L Dr King’s, widow^^ 1 

expounded in his Washington 
oration of 1963, has been 
realized- The South has been 
liberated: from much .of the 

of Dr King’s widow, saySg; 
“Traces of bigotry still .joiar 
America. On Martin Luthhr 
King Day let - us rtxledicatc 

JZZrZT;. IT Tk r ourselves to the command., 
econorac and social burden of ments he believed 

segregation, and its racial 
record -is often better than the 
North’s. ' 

All oyer America there are 
black mayors, judges and 

The holiday .isT : being: 
marked with tallies, concerts, > 
speeches and conferences .on 
the work of an Am erican' ftfero, 

'It.. L* fl J J • ‘‘i i 

police Sfe Th^elre black es P edaH y “ his home city of 

Atlanta. .The president. 

astronauts. A black tries for 
the presidency, a black be- 
comes Miss America. Virginia 
has just sworn in as Lieuten- 
ant-Governor the grandson of 
a slave. 

The gains have been 

anxious to improve his stand- 
ing among blades;. 
largely black school- aspartbf 
the commemoration, Tibi 
historic “I have a dreari?" 
speech is being broadcast -os- 
radio and television. Portrait 

“ ■'■**** * Dr King-iho,^: 

only pmfiriJjr fulfilled. They " 
remain economically mired. In Bmnin &nam._ Alabama,: 
Black unemployment is twice on 5 e notorious for its racial, 
as high as white, educational ' “S« nes ^ and where Dr King, 
standards lower. Family life is once reviled aadjaile^ 
corroded by high rates of gj* statue W,U ** uayefled ffi 
divorce and separation. Hi gh “€tty Hall, a reminder oTtfifr 
‘levels of crime, mental illness , “Wpiration he gave inHfexnd 
and poverty, make WaAc death, and of how inuefe 
aware that the road ahead is rcrnaills to be done. -. y-*;: 

hard. They - feel they have - Leading article-Twee 13 
freedom but still lack, econ.-: j- 

omi c ; Trevor Ffehlock 

Today’s events 


Redial by Dadd Lowe (tenor) 
and David Han ey (guitar), St Mary 
the Viipn. High St, Oxford, 1.IS. 
Talks, lectures 
The Alps: interaction between 
two continents and two oceans by 
Prof R. Trumpy, Bennett Lecture 
Theatre 1. Leicester University, 

Last chance to see 

Work by Leigh Hum. Phoenix 
Gallery. Laveoham, Suffolk; Mon 
10 to 5 JO (ends Jan 20). 
Exhibitions in progress 
To the Rescue! Work of the RNLI 
in Aberdeen. Aberdeen Maritime 
Museum. Shiprow. Aberdeen: Mon 
to Sal !0 to 5, closed Sun (ends Mar 

Creative embroidery, canvas 
<vork and other crafts by Joy Ailfrce. 
Frame Museum. I North" Parade, 

Frame, Somerset Mon to Sal JO to 
4. closed Sun (ends Jan 31 ). 

In search of King Arthur, Haggs 
Castle Museum. 100 St Andrews 
Drive, Glasgow. Mon to Sat 10 to 5, 
Sun 2 to 5 (ends Feb 23). 

All the tea in China - the history 
of tea-drinking in Scotland; Pollok 
House, 2060, PoUokshaws Road, 
Glasgow; Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 
to 5 (ends April, 1). 

Paintings and watercolours by 
Emmy Dinkel-Keet and Michael 
DinkeU Niccol Centre, Brewery 
Court, Cirenceaten Moo to Fri 10 to 
4.30. Sat 10 to 12.30, closed Sun 
(ends Jan 30). 

The German Woodcut in the 20th 
Century. Collins Gallery, Strathc- 
lyde University, Richmond Street. 
Glasgow; Mon to Fri 10 to 5, Sat 12 
to 4. closed Sun fends Jan 29). 

North-west cartoonists; the Port- 
ico Library and Gallery. 57 Mosley 
Street. Manchester; Mon to Fri 9.30 
to 4.30, closed Sat and Sun (ends 
Jan 31). 


Nature notes 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,948 

Many waders from the east coast 
have crossed to the other side of 
England. A voce is, almost certainly 
from the small breeding colonies in 
East Anglia, have been seen, on the 
estuary 'of the Rivty Exe: they are 
handsome black and . Mute birds 
with long, upturned ' bills, which 
they swing from side to side as they 
feed in shallow water. •" ' 

Tawny owls have been noisy at 
night in woods and gardens for the 
last month or two, as young mates 
tried to settle in new territories; now 
they are quieter again. They detect 
their nocnunal prey - rats, roosting 
birds, beetles - mainly by ear; so 
they have poor hunting on a wet and 
windy night. Green woodpeckers 
are digging for insects in rotten tree- 
trunks. and'pick them' Up with their 
sticky tongues, which , can extend 
four indies long. Their Spring cry, 
like a Ming shrill peal of laughter, 
begins to be heard again. 

Some ' hawthorn hedges have put 
out green shoots in the mild spells. . 
Two kinds of oak tree can still be | 
seen with green leaves: the Algerian , 
oak, and the Lucombe oak. DMJ 


Births: Andrf-Marie Ampire, 
physicist, was born at. Lyon, France. 

Deaths: David Garrick, London. 
1779; Sir John Soane, architect. 
London. IS37; John Raskin. 
Collision. Cumbria, 1900; R. D. 
Blackmore. novelist, author of 
Loma Doone. Teddington. Middle- 
sex, . 1900; Charles Doughty* 
explorer in Arabia. Sissinghursu 
Kent, 1 926; George V. reigned 1910- 
36. Sandringham, Norfolk, 1936; 
Robinson Jeffers, poet. Carmel. 
California, 1962; Edmond B Inn den, 
poet and critic, Oxford, 1974. 

The Royal Society for the 
Protection of Birds is . running 
creises on the Exe estuary this 
month and next to see. the, wintering 
birds. Last winter more than 1000. 
people went on the trip and 150 
avoccis were seen. For full details 
ring Exeter 32691 or send an 5AE to 
RSPB. 10 Richmond Road; Exeter, > 
Devon EX4 4JA. 

London and South-east: A3063: 
One-way only northbound in 
Wellington Road, S Hounslow, 
southbound traffic- diverted • via 
Crorawefl Road. A4089: Single, 
alternate traffic flow, in Ealing Road, 
AJperton, Wembley, Slop/go board. 

Midlands: M5: Contraflow 

between junctions 4 and 5 

Drottwich);. one lane. -northbound; 
northbound entry as junction 5 
closed, A452: Temporary lights at 
Chesford Bridge, between Learning- 
ton Spa and KenO worth, Warwicks, 
delays. A34: Delays on northbound 
carnage way. at Hanford, Staffs. 

Wales and West A38: Lane two 
closed north and southbound on 
Exeter to Plymouth Road . at 
Ivy bridge bypass, Devon. A419: 
Major reconstruction work on 
Grebcester -to 5wixidon Road at 
Cerney, tavbid ; if possible. -A 499: 
Roadworks on Caernarvon to 
Pwllheli Road between Llanwnda 
and Glynllifoii, Gwynedd. 

North: Ml: Various lane closures 
at junction 3Z S Yorkshire. Ml: 
Contraflow _i between junction 3 
(Ml SO/M 181} and junction 4 
(Ermine Street interchange), Scun- 
thorpe, Humberside. A167: Delays 
North Road, Darlington, Durham. 

Scotland: M8: ‘ Repairs on 
eastbound carriageway w of 
junction 5 (Shotts/Harthfll). A946: 
Care required in Powis Place, 
Aberdeen; traffic control as nec; 
delays. A740: Eastbound carriage- 
way .closed and contraflow wes- 
tbound. between MS (junction 29) 
and A76I' junction (Renfrew), 
delays likely., 



Troughs of low pressure will 
cross. Britain from W with a 
depression over the fair NW. 

6am to midnight 

London. SE, central S, E England, 
EM* Anglia, E, W Mdtamte,- Ctunwl 
tetend* Bright and dry at first. 

becoming cloudy with soma rain In 
paces later; wind W backing SW fresh 













1A» . 





Z B 








44 12X3 


























. 6.6 



10.15 . 

4X 10X1 






Bond ivinners 

Parliament today 

The winning numbers in the : Commons (2.30): Motions on rate 
weekly draw for Premium Bond support grant orders for England 
prizes arc; £100,000, 16TB 510666 and for Wales. 

(the winner lives in Kent); £50,000. Lords. (2.30): Motion' on car scat 
11EB 243249 (Northamptonshire); regulations.- Motion on Hong Kong 
£25.000, 5BZ 7391 14 (Shropshire). nationality-provisions. 


7.86 am - : 4.23 pm 

Around Britain 

The papers 

• 3.17 am rt.44pm 

Fu9 Moon: January 26. 


Sun Rata Max 
. V Jn C F 


1 Suitable support offered to royal 
characters (6). 

5 Outlaw in infancy? (81. 

9 Lex by the underworld - it must 
be prohibited' (10). 

10 The plant, being very small, died 

1 1 Aware ten is ten? Could be! (8). 

12 European detectives backed 
neither alternative at first (6). 

4 Soldiers willingly give assigranre; 

5 Bobby followed him (3.6.6). 

6 Chaff is not good for the elderly 

( 8 ). 

7 A person making cuts where 
badly needed (5). 

8 “Wouldst thou approve thy 
constancy, approve first thy 
"(Milton) (9). 

14 Advocate a ball-game - sense, 
that! (9). 

If the teachers want to stage a 
one-day strike, there is no objection 
from The Sim, the paper says. It 
point out “For almost a year they 

have insured that no child could 
rely on being given lessons any day. 
Any. teachers should not stop at just 
a one-say strike. Why not stay out 
for a whole term - or even the rest of 
the year? There is a generous pay 
offer available to all of them. Under 
a new system, teachers with talent 
and energy could receive extra 
payments, until ‘Sir’ and 'Miss’ are 
read y to be sensible, tel them all 
sample life on the dole.” 


Tones PorttoSo rules Bra ks foOows: 

1 Times PorttoSo Is free. Purtttfeto ri Ths 
Time* is not a condWon of taking pSrt. 

2 Timas Portoflo ssrcomprtsas-a mn or 
pypfc companies wtnso sham an feted on 
nw Stock fctasngo'and quoted in Ths Tones 
Snck Excflangs prioss page. Tha companies 

:ven the rest of . g ~ M r Egf ™. coro g no , ?» paUsftedlnthatd 

rihem. Under shares n-10, 11-20. 21-30 and 31-401 md SUl/r!,- 25 2 

wy. insist B ovnw bkd Min' groups m ton 
Shares (1-10. 11 - 20 . 31-30 and 81-401 and 
jwy Por tfoao art .comaka ten numbora 
tnjfliOTdi gnnp. 

13 A mineral in demand among 16 The old fighter’s pleased one TT10 nnnnrl 
teetotal car-drivers (4). sent up a roll (9). * PO UAU 

. 3 Timra PortteBo “dMdwxT wtt be tea. 
figur* in panca which rapr ma ant i tha optffflten 
movomort In prlcra flju_ larasst taoiasa or 
lowwt loss] c( a comtansfiofl a( atahtftwo frnn 
uch qroud at lha 40 shwea wNenorrany day. 
eomprtM TTnTTnw PcrtfoBoSat 

teetotal car-drivers (4). 

IS An egg and gin concoction that’s 
delightful (8). 

18 Regular studies books about the 
army (g). 

19 Favours punt (4). 

21 Treat with indulgence curious 
novice entering the Church (6). 

23 Elevated superior receiving 
approbation (8). 

25 Tell stories - never initially right 

26 Enthusiastic reception by house 
for novelty act (10L v 

27 Walker used to flatten grass on 
the way (8). 

28 Call hikers crazy (6). 

sent up a roll (9). 

17 Essential stuff (S). 

20 One who wrote poetry in 
churchyard, obviously (6). 

22 After a row walk the dog! ( 5 ). 
24 BoiHogetherfS). 

Austria Sen 
Danmark Kr 
Finland Hkk 
Francs Fr 

G re e c e Dr 


2 Toss her in the river! (5). next S 

3 Customs charges about to take 
effect (9). 


The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 16,947 
will appear 
next Saturday 

betandPt ' 
japan Yea 
Nathartenda GW 
Nanny Kr 
Portugal Etc 
SmiA Africa Rd 
Spate Pta 
Swfluftand Fr - 

Yugoxtnte Dnr 

Bonk Bank 

Buys Sato 

ZltS 2-035 

25.75 34uSS 

Hus ra^s 

. 2-05 ZOO 

13J2 . 11X2 

.115 7J5 

ms urn 

ate ■ 3.41 

- 3te 

; 2MM ■ S38M 

lOl 1.15 

2S2flJ)0 fttonap 

304X0 moo 

4.12 3X3 

11X5 10X8 . 

23SJSD 223te I 

3X5 3X5 

22SX0 215X0 

11.40 10XS 

an 2 M 1 

1-50 1-43 

580X0 490.00 ! 

4 Tte defy Attend wo » awuuncadoacn 
day and the weak* dMdand v»a to arusuicad 
each Saturday vt th^Tsnw. 

■ How tt play -Daly DMdand 
On Mctt day yo« unlqua ate o( ei^A ninbera 
wSl repreaewaimnwrcM and Indutertal ahnu 
puUshed to Tha Time* Portfoto tot which wB 
appaw on the Stock Exchange Prtcw poga. 

In the eolumna provided nett to year shores 


After totburtto Prict changee id yourelghl 
ebaraa far mat day, add up xfl eight ehara 
ehtngttW gtai you your overaO total pits or 
minus (+ or 

Check" yow overafl total against Tha Denes 
PortWto dMdand puMshaJon ffn Stack 
Ewflaro* Prices page. . 

. » ydur ow*B totte mtechM Tbe TTros 
PorttoBo iftttentf you have woo outngbt.or a 
store of the total prsa money stated ter teat 
1 your prize as instructed 

Tempennaes at mktoay yesterday; e. i 
tas; r. rain; a, aun. 

C F 

Mfast t 4 50 Quemeey 

Btete^tom c 10 50 bnanwsa 
Btarfreool c 7 45 Jersey i 

fttaol c It 52 London i 
Cardiff r 9 48 Uanchestar 

mam# ( 2 38 . Newcastle 

Otaagaw ( 4 39 I to nak tewy 

IX X0 10 50 cloudy 

OX -20 10 » doudy 

- -20 11 S2 orizxtes 

- 11 52 showers 

- .11 ID SO showers’ 

hre te-- 

- X4 

ax .03 

- J5 

- XI 
OX X9 

Marc . 

C -.F . -- 

11 H bdght 
11 52 cloudy 

10 :5o:sfao»*n 

1C 50.gtet 
9 .48' slnwtn 
8 48 rain 


Lighting-up time 

Londw4tepnU0 7X4ani ~ 
Brite0T5XB pm to 7X4 am ' 
»«fa*«w4tepnito74l«n - 


gw e ne ge 1.1 
Esmeulh . IX 

90 rate 
48 rate am ' 
52 rain 
« showers 
B rain am 
' SO cloudy ' 
50 rain »r 
52 rain am 
52 rtenam 

» HS 2* 

g o^s 

52 ratnsra 
52 showers 
52 rain am 

W»n«flte«? *tepflH07X1«n 
Panaanct SL28 pm to 7X0 am 

Talgnmoub IX 

PontaHa - hawte (Say 
.Monday-Sawrday record your tofly PorflaBo 

Add ttreae tooeitor te ttenrmina yeu* 


S Ttanes PorttoSo Itn and detaue of mo daily 
v meekly dtvktend wU abu to rwalaWo far 
inspecttan ai tto officn of The 7kmn. 

8 tftheovwafl price mwement of more wan 
one conawtaaon ol snares equals tea dMdand, 
.the prize- ws to equally divided among tea 
jdsknanis hoMfag tease : eambtetefana. of 


II youf nta matetos tea pufitohsd waatdy 
(Attend figure you tore won outright- or a 
store id the prize money stated far teat weak, 
end must dahn your prize as bwructed below. 

How to claim 

Tefaphoto The Tinas PorttoSo oteknt Hm 

7 AB dabns are 

papont Any Time* Ffortfafc caro teat (a 
■de(ac»d.ampwMwtmor(itoM l acter{tenladta 
any any wDtodaciaredvoid. 

02SM3272 be tw e en 10.00 am and 3X0 pm, 
on tea day ytor HdraO.lbtel matrhaa The 
Tinea PortWto DMdand. No ctataa can to 
r aeeapted etitskta teeaetom. • 

You must hare your cart wflfi you whan you 


Yeatenley: Tamp: mere Gam to dpm,* 12C GMFt 

min 6pm is Bam. 10C (son HtanUty 6pm. m 
percent, Rata: 24hr toXpm. X51n. Sure Mbr to 
-hr. Ber, mean sea level, Bprq, 100 A 2 
mtjtmfrs, ■ 

Satoday Twnp; niax Bam to 6pm, 126(540:. 
mta 6pm to 8am, 5C (41FI Kumkfity: flpm. to 
percent Rain: 24* fa 6pm, tekt&acl&tp 
totL -hr. tor, mean sea level. 6pm, «yft5 

"*Swt 1 .*»m®are- 29 teii 1 . - -f 

Qu en u ey 
SdflyWee . 13 

U awquey 13 ■ 


52 gtea 
52, ton 
.54 tarn 

JO 11 32 otea - 
-U 11 52 Stowre 

-. -06 
02 M 

1 i .12 
creaHKCtr^ UB -jn 

ijMitotani 07 .18 
Jfcteo-TyiiG 04 . XS 
CarMe — M 

g fa lffam te r - xi 
JJPtewt* OX X8 
gyyw OX 3K 
TJ"W IX .16. 

Amoway 26 - .10 

vSP a " 

KWoaa . 07 — 

Ato ida an ■ 0 J -JB 

»2S. HJ 


. lA.'ite 

11 esSnarepm 
rr 62 retean 
fl 52 ram am 
10 -terete 
g ssstown 

10 80 shower* (*" 
10 50 showers 
8 48-nto • • 
- 3 . as rain •’ 

.S .a? state _ 
5 At-stowsren® 

■ 5 . 4T ;ShoireripP 
■S'O .hsflpm " 
4 39 taB -- 
2 38 douv 
• 4-38 doudy - 
•4;39 retean 
5-4i' aumypte . 
5*1 stateam 

41 state isi 


8 Etepfayses cl Nsvre int ama ttante pic -and 
Its wtiSKtones and at Eurcprfra-Sroup Ltatted 
®fOducora;i Irel'dlstribullors-of tea card) or 
“Why* teter teane dta ta (arnKM are rot 
aflowBUto pipy Time* Portolto. 


'SEw 1 fi 

AkreM * 10 50 
Atexmdrta c IB fit 

a aout orttertoCttn (g. tog; r. rate; a. ajisn,***. 

rsu . : ' ' !£ .5. ■ „ • ; c r .p" •> 

( you pre utabie e» waphoM aomaona etaa 

can claim on yourbatolf tat (My must hire. 

C ’ cant -ana cat Tto ikpes, Fpiitolo dates 
betwaan tto stipulated Ones, .- - 
NO responattaty can to acosptad tar hSure 
to contact tee cMnn. office far «ojr reason 
w i te ln tee atatad hours. 

,Th* above. Enstwctfons ere -topfaaUe to 

tote ttafy and we«id)r£vM«id data*. 

*. Sorao Timas RordoSo canto (ndwto ratoor 
mtaprinta h the fasduedoos an tea reverse 
skta. These cants ere not tavatatttod. 

• The wotrtng 6t Rules ! and 3 has toan 
expanded fconi aarfler versions far ttorillcaifan 
puposee-Tha Same Head is not alfactod and 
wtfi.eonanuo to to piayed in atttady tea aanw 

Rata* far smeP denoffwuteon tank news onto, 
as suppled yatesrday By Batteays tonk pie. 
Different mas apply to tnwaBenf cheques and 

S AH p articipant* wO-Qa subtate fa dm* 
Fttees. All mstruciiona an “how « play - end 
“how to cfai m" whether .pubfttoo *1 Tlw 
Ttaws or in Times Portfaw cent* wff to 

itaamsd to to part of teas* Rubre- 

■ farterei currency business. 
B Price tariBr 378X. 

Rarefl Pries index: 378X- 

London: tea FT index ctosod 5 J up on Friday 

at it 18.7. 

New York: The Cow Jones (rctusWaJ avarega 
c/oaed 4X3 down on Friday at 1536 70 1 

id m an? dfapua. Tha EdtWt Mc*Jon a 
. ftasi vat no correspondence wH to entered 
■ into. 

11 it far any reason Tpa^ Ttmsa Prices toga 
1 a not paocstiod m the normal way Times 
PorttoBo w« to suspended far teat tev- 

Highest and lowest : 

Htowat. day tamp; &eeterl2G 

touday: Hghestday tsmaflou ooWm iflC- 
PBf); Io wan g ay m tec Aviemore SC (41 Ff ' 
mgtog_n*itoft Mncheatar «5to; Nghore 
sunahlrw: Aberdeen S^lhr. 

19M. Pruned and pnbdahrd by Tanas 

gfawtoapew United; P.O. Bo* 7, 200 
, Ro ? 4 - London. WC1X SEZ. 
Enteand. Tofaphoom 01-837 123A Tdac 

"5S*» *W54 

Btfnto t 18 88 




Mrato I s 41 

g*” , - r 5 41 
tomwir. .f 20-88 
Btoriti a n 52 
5»toflna -dr ® 48 
■ 14 B7 
grwrefa c 11 52 
gte»*I tote _ c 5 41 
BimtAkmr « 12 54 
g**' ' « 14 87 
Cap* To 

CMaoto . - a 18 $4- 
CUrego* 1 10 50 ' 
Orttorch* c 20 88 

S^tonav c 10 £ UMoraa C F 

1 isos ~ 

a IB 81 Manta ' I ostt : 

BgWto >.7 45 Men. 
Frankfurt c .8 48 HnntieeT 

g»ctoi. mbs -Bay 

.Oanew->- <|- B 4B toMi - 

fl*!"** *78 81 Ndrobt 

rwamu «-i3 3 toniaa 

shsp-’s s»s«i4 

ffif e to* Your 
- r s si race 

tortofl s44 ?S 
f«totota *20 08 
Uston- - 110 50 
MS"®. f ' 6 4tf 

LAagatoai' . 18 81 

tes?" . r 

*28 78. Data • 
9 Pefctag 

. maun 

wnotra Stosttoy-a figure are tatoatevaSabt*. 

: *25.77 Saote : 
a : 3 37 . Sngmi 
CtSJS B ta rffini 
• c -14.^7 Biaetoii 
T 8-.4ft--%dMf 
) 26 79 lapgfaf 

0 11.52- wwr 
* 17 88 ; TSMrtta 

Mo SO - 'TPrsnRr 

1 -12 10 “.hull •• 

o 11 52 Vteton li 
s 3X7 Vanoovr 

- a 3t'88-^W8to-> 
r 5-.4»r‘-9ito*:- 

e 28 reJ.-teWto rf s 

- exa so -ztotef : 

/ c f 

. • » 2 
.■a ff fi 

L» -1J H 
f a as « 


Peres he