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tt£r- «t*tion service, back page. 

• The Prime: Minister end President Mitterrand gave 
the go-ahead for a Channel tunnel rail link opening in 
1993, with no chanceof a road fink before 2006 
0 British Ran, : the- railway unions and freight 
organisations welcomed yesterday’s announcement while 
road traffic and Kent environmental interests condemned 
it (Page2) 

0 BaQding of the 32-mfle fixed link with two single- 
tradc tunnels will be this country's biggest civil 
engineering project with immense challenges on meeting 
time and cost targets (Page 14) 

' By Phffip Webster and Edward Townsend 

The- Prune . Minister and ' operation for at least 27 years 
President Mitterrand yesteday after the planned 1993 starting 
gave the go ahead at an historic date. It had ruled out a road 
summit in Lille, northern link now on grounds of cost and 
France, to a high-speed rail because adequate ventilation 

TTC 1 . _i_ • j i rrance, to a tugn-speed rail because adequate ventui 

I CfltSIl Sllfl I between Britain and systems were not available. 

'•V Nf*- .V00h#**- I Fmnnp namnno V) millinn d,.» ^ it. - 

in the spring of 1993. 

the group and the two govern- 

| for Ireland 

^ Economic aid frotn the United 
; 5- Stales Worth - a, possible SSOO 
miHi©n--(£352 : TxriHkm) for 
Q? Ireland - is: expected to be 
fc announced' pact ■month. Mr 
^ JohnHnmei SDLP leader, said 
■ * yesterday that the package -was 
**•' likely to be voted through 

ij*. Comtss in February 

Unionist's campaign, page 2 


:7 Wfl&hire- County CounaTs 
o- finance committee agreed yes- 
; today to. .recommend a raxes 
rise 1 of 2531 per cent, from 1 147p 
. to 185ft 7 - : 

Britain and systems were not available. — 

France carrying 30 million But as part of the agreement -£Li\m\ n'fill /^/l 

paiueiigBre -.a yearand opening still being worked on between ^ |.l 1 1 || gjfl, H HyV 

»■ the group and the two govern- Mr Mr 

er has won meats it win have to submit . * ... ' .. a ... ^7 

s^^ t tr r2000fora in war-torn Yemen 

built before - This would onlv eo ■ . . _ , _ . 

the earliest, provided the technical feasabi- B > Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

from huge for it to be financed without 2»h Party (YSP) had taken control, 

riton. near imrimninhw natumals topped in South However, another transmit- 

. But Mrs Thatcher has won meats it will have to submit . • ' 
the possibility only of. a road proposals by the year 2000 for a 11 
fink* to follow, and there is no drive-through link. * 

chance of it being built before - This would only go 
the year 2006 at the earliest;, provided the ter-hniral feasabi* 
with 2020 a more likely date. lity of the project is assured, and AH _„ 

.The Channel Tunnel Group’s if the traffic growth is sufficient 
Project, running from huge for it to be financed without 
terminals at Qri itou,. near unde rmining the financial re* «■ ™ 
Folkestone, and Frefoun, near turns on the railway t unnel - 
Calais, will provide a 30-minute If CTG decides it does not . 

Rate rise 
as pound 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 

The Government is faced 
with a stark choice between 
pushing ap the cost of borrow- 
ing, including mortgage rates, 
and letting the pound slide. 

The pound fell sharply 
yesterday, as o3 prices weak- 
ened. North Sea oil for delivery 
in April changed hands at 
$19.58 a barrel. As recently as 
November, North Sea od was 
trading at 530 a barreL 
The pressure is intensifying 
for a rise in bank base rates. 
This would trigger an increase 
in mortgage rates, now 12.75 

The Group Five finance 
ministers, who met in London 
at the weekend, failed to 
produce a strong commitment 
to reduce interest rates world- 

Falling oil prices will put 
pressure on the poond and 
reduce the room for tax cuts in 
the Budget. 

The pound fell by 2.27 cents 
to Si. 4 158 and by more than 
four pfennigs to DM3.4994. 
The sterling index fell from 
77.9 to 76 S. 

Mr David Morrison, cur- 
rency economist with the 
stockbroking firm of Simon & 
Coates, said: “It's looking 
pretty bad. There may be no 
escape from the oil price war. 
We could be looking at a 1 \i to 
2 point base rate rise." 

nationals gapped in South However, another transmit- ^SS^SooAYemOT ^ bSTflUi The Government of Chief Wfrenba^e ™tes last rose, 
Yemen- .as British, French and ter was broadcasting messages Leabua Jonathan,. Prime Min- to . 12 ^ P« r ccnt «» 

Soviet steps kept watch of! of support for President «w of Lesotho, was replaced Janaar >' ^creases in 

Aden waiting for an onnor- Muhammad, who was said to J£S£*3b “ yesterday bv a military regime mone y market interest rales 

nn hie nmu harlr In Arlrn “ ra patriotic pride ami cool Y - " occurred but the DOund held un 

main line 





' ivS-'J 

Model of the proposed tunnel access terminal and marshalling area near Cheriton, Kent 

look back 
with pride 

By Colin Hughes 
The first 24 Britons to be 
evacuated from civil-war - 1 

Army coup 

From Michael Hornsby 

The Government of Chief 

Calais, will provide a 30-rmnute If CTG decides it does not Tiln *7Xr 9 * or London ^wtenlay, to describe isier or Lesotho, was replaced 

tram nde.m. well-lit and air- want to go ahead and the wa,tIn S 3,1 oPP° r ’ Mu h a mm ad, who was said to . * - . , yesterday bv a military regime money m arket interest raics 

conditioned comfort Passen- governments are unhappy with be on his way back to Aden touSi them headed by Major-General Justin occurred but the pound held up 

gers will be able to Slav with wmm The Defence Ministry said from Addis Ababa, where he rf i | rn . Lekhanya, commander of the generally welL 

forir vehicles, a movision Parliament 4 the Royal Yacht Britannia, had gone for talks at the end of small mountainous kingdom’s . \esterday, the pound fell 

gers will be able to stay with ' ■ 

their vehicles, a provision Parliament 
which European .Femes, the Out of step 
largest croes-Charmcl operator. Spectrum 
described as a serious safety . I^uUng article 

risk. " / ■ ■i n . »■■■■■ . m— , 

16 has evacuated more than last week. familv and i,>uu-man arniv. ttr 

, 4 600 people in two rescue Abont 3.500 foreigners have andeS Para-Miliiary Force. 

missions, would remain m the been evacuated in British. « an .““ SIan . “I _ „ _ 

17 areaaskin» a -n^^ cT?".. patnates lavished praise on Radio Lesotho 

AftJr a trariW welcoroe frnm small mountainous kingdom’s ^Vestenlay, tee pound Tell 

1,500-man army, known as the «»!*» 

riKk r ••• ” - area as long as needed. Soviet and French shiiw since . pn “f B **»*» muuw vuu. iac to step in ana support it. 

■ It is rianned to beain its assessment, they wll invite The ship due in Auckland for the fighting began. *“*“*”• smilrf m normal activity of the Govern- it appears that tee Ba n k, 

SSia^S SHiS 

ra nour cm pe darned at peak there in time for her Aden, wnere tne ou A British Embassy security the principal secretaries of rather than nosh interest rates 

SE? Jta? SriS- refinery has been set ablaze offirer modestly told of how he government departments. Chief up again. Officials beUeve teS 

Tbefl^lUi*. whiCBaitaen",, ^ mat Jonathan and h. s Cabmel hM chin- 

going pa Jor the. past eiltet days. M Mukallah, >«nem soldiers who sought ministers have been dismissed, ged since tee. last rise in base 

SfoghbSitTf^faeS^S ^ Smiles east of Aden. refuge inside the embassy Ah army officer, said they were 5tes. 

bapif^and met by “flag-waving iwiwuihM mu»«m»im 1 u The Rnvnl Naw was keenina compound. Others spent days in their homes, but were not a rise in base rates, and 

ira-Military Folre. forei sn “change dealers had 

M , expected the Bank of England 

Radio Lesotho said: “The io step in and support it. 

~~ Kinnock. latnkdbixig-a 

™ ■“ serj^df speeches setting, out 
‘ ^ JUfomff wrifey .neAt : 

cfccSSn,. .tescribed~ a “jftflos- 
pi>fc& fe'Jfrpdiictitin^ dire^ng 
- •• in vestmenJ into man.uiactimng 

T vhniir fttnitPOV I hour can be carried at peak not ** wntil 2020 . , en JJe m ? d “lc of tins week near xJttle Aden, where th 

ilSb l«WyUI. ollalvgj 1 times on. traina. winning mtery 1 Both Mrs- Thatcher and t0 . 8 ^* there m- tune for her refinery has been set ablaze 

time* on trains running. every Botn Mra Thatcher and .if; m nine ior m 

three minutes.-' -President Mitterrand said teat a “wvaL . . . 

T^frs Thateher mgs .greeted-: .road link “s^iMbe,j^“. Mre . SS 

“SriKSK The RoyaJ Na\-y was keeping co^p„ 0D d. O*e f e speh. ^ in Jhei/ horned bat ^ not 
Ate Sar lOOO wc be subridinTy^sterday But most in touch with those stranded on with rats in cellars, dog fox- under bouse arrest, 

brief talks, ifcrtwoleaderagave -SSS&JSSSMttS. coS^cS^re Sill cTl shore by radio links provided holes in , their back pirdens to _ _. 

hence mortgage rates, as well 
as representing a considerable 

j Peres here 

IW2 T ,ST nre«7«hfeiSme plans to build a road link. communications were still cut, snore oy radio links provided ««*« “ Km* Moshoeshoe n will “ representing a considerable 

P Ihink^is^lhc best way broads _gvc by^HMS Newell* and ft. JU j»UM Ch-jcd; 

mmeneo-cjouuc xowananuiai Jiiniter 


_ Coniinuing-his European- ahutr 
tie. Israels Prime. Minister, Mr 
* i Shimon Peres arrives in Lon- 
don today, but with norign yet 
Vy*-i of 4: dramatic -Middle • East 
•p-A breaklhnragh .... 

« £n»5 TBmSTiSiS I am quite sure teat which Action was gaming tee Dnt ^ wera snmnea DV 

consortium, comprising:several once tee fost_lmk romes into uppertand. Bnmh jare-consul m Adoi, is fcS who had ruled tee country 

of Briiain’s conafruction com- existence tee demand for more . Aoordmg to > Aden radio, ^ ^ on board tee Newcastle and has vSh^lfaT.n^rin7 affthe aulocraticallv and at limes “ nt . 

osteins con^^com- ^ ^ Muham- as the ^ wm**- ruthlessly for 20 years, was 

tunneL . .-finances, providing the engm- ^ had been headol canons link between the Bntan- generally enthusiastic. Large *”, pthe 

Although Mr Thatehd-r eering. matters have been 51316 S 1666 1980, has been nia and people awaiting evacu- ... crowds of mainlv voime ncode 

wc^db^pnJfa?ed7S^ SSSwi, wffl probably be forth- overthrown and the Politburo, alion. Continued on back page, col 1 I ran through the main street of I fal T°|| 1 ^ 

Mr Nicholas Sheppard, tee Ad '° 

leu Hotel was hit by shells. Reaction in Lesotho to the 
Bnt all were stunned bv the overthrow of Chief Jonathan, 

on board tee Newcastle and has aulocraticallv and at limes I ^ ceDl ^ the sanuner ’ l " 11 “ 

been amine as the com muni- '«** berseIf «PP^ri^ off the “*g™TSL ™ I rise in home loan costs would 

keep the rate up around 4!<i per 

lor would upset his rosy 
inflation outlook. Inflation is 
on course to drop to about 3V$ 

containing an immediate road co “™?-. 

A Kill link, she said that tee successful President Mriterand said that 

AUUirCIlV -UU1 £2.33 . billion nroiect would budonc decision showed an 

The private -British Antarctic 
expedition pledged to pay a 
£ 21,000 bin towards the cost of 
its rescue by the Am e ricans * 

Page 7 

Film detente 

Hollywood caine to a tiny, 
broken-down Polish town to 
' * make an" American-Palish co- 
• production thit^ may start a 
small revblution in film-making 

;; Militant oirbs 

Leaders of tee Civil and Publie 
- Services Association are draw- 
tng -up rule changes to reduce 
•. the imluehce ofMQilant Tend- 
. ?’ ency in tec-union ’ P^ge 5 

£2.33 billion project would ^ historic deemon showed an i VXU leads 
prove attractive to the public obvious goodwill between the « - 

and to transport companies, countries and expressed a grand affaplr f|TI 
and was the scheme which vision forthe future. aiiak-IW UU . 

stood the best chance of getting Mrs Thatcter, who was f !»■•„«» 4 . 

financial support. accompanied by Sir Geoffiey llTITSlir TDlPS 

monopoly until the year 2020. and Mr Nicholas Ri^ey, Sec- By Richard Evans 
Mr Michael Gordon, tee CTG *5^ °f S^ te i°. r Transport. Lohbv B«*nrter 

managing director, said that tee ddtyered P** of her prepared 3 ffir>wr 

group needed ejKdustvity of Continued onpage 2, col 6 

Weinstock was told 
of threat to bid 

of Aden. gen^y enthusiastic. Large 

Continued on back page, col 1 Tomorrow, tee banks wiU be 

asrstfSMtf uu«g »p u„ jjf , 

was told ** ijrj. ^ 

I- Kifl JSpSSSS, !w •£ unlikely until after then. 

C tO Dlu sSSBcJSp. ta r , Sb 4 h rir£ u sban "Z£ 

. . . It isU.cmgMU.elinle-ta.owo Sf 

ideal Correspondent General Lekhanya will be less 2* 'Z. “ d jS^L, 

group needed : exclusivity • ol 

lliucui I wlVl3 By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent General Lekhanya wfll be less JhJJ, “iideiT dnTped by*'l2 6 

By Richard Evans Lord Weinstock, managins concern with the department's towards Pretoria, and ^ 05 . 1 . 

Lobby Reporter director of GEC, was warned by attitude over a referral on tee J»«y ! nS Manufacturing outpnt rose 

Mi- Franri* Pvm the former Sir Raymond Lygo, chief Plessey affair, he Lord Wem- tee Afhran National , 0 ? m Its best level 

executive- of British Aerospace, stock should be aware that Sir Congress m Lesotho. S,~ 1980. 

Ministers face revolt 
over rail-only link 

By Stephen Goodwin' 

r*hinei minister ted the Cnn_ executive, of British Aerospace, stock should be aware teat Sir 
^ >he Um GEC Wd for Hessey Raymond had been told that 

last night gainst tee GoVot- rould ** affected by h» “what we were doing was not in 
m«it*s 9 illnntinn nf niMun. company s backing for tee tee national interest . 
port grant Unocal councils. ^ European consortium offer for a He has since accepted that 
SfSve ®a S i tee 513 ke “ Westland. Mr Britlan said “that it was in 

pr^S^ JbEESrSuh fc The GK: bid was yesterday tee national interest teat tee 
teifine resources awav from refcrred 10 the Monopolies and present uncertainty oyer Wes- 
Sira coSTo toor dS Morgon Commitsion b» Mr Uand’s fomra bo ondodas toon 

Jonathan's errors, page 7 

since February 1980. 

Kenneth Fleet, page 19 

Soviet visit 

Mr Eduard Shevardnadze, ‘tee 
Soviet Foreign-; Minister, has 
been invited to visit Britain- in 
March. The -date was discussed 
during- mdiktt with Mr - Nikita 
Ryzhov. a Soviet Deputy 
Foreign. Minister, in London. 

MW] LTIV|ii»VII *■ 1 VMlJ, •TV'UIU LVJ «■ r « - _ _ - , . j 

Conservative opponents of tee Bifl. which is expected, to tiaJ and , unavoidable'' rate ^fiu^S^ddiiional -i2d Sk ^id ttaftei 

the- rail-only Channd Tunnel take a foil y*r % it could be masses in animme through- J XSfEI teoi^i hS^«sS?tiaf teat! 

yesterday warned the Govern- amended to include a road out East Angha unless services " ^hen^fr Sraond SJfvfr 3 InTtoTSw 

ment teat it could fece serious element either from the start or were cut m a“ wholly unaccepi- B mST^d Ste M°ni^erTotivcmy side oftee 

£M nZjCSkSS KT'Ld by ^inS»teartee m e&coJS3 

^ hfMnm foT t scheme for m the Anglo-French agree- g participation in tee European not be used subsequently by 

^Opposition ffom' within the “mt Robert McCrindlc. Con- said tee allocation “ Sal^^dv^^^hone ^ll of’BritislTA^^c ^ 6 mtCTCSlS 

finv«mmpnt's own ranks comes servative MP for Brentwood shires was “unfair because it ?5V , « . ‘ 

Government’s own ranks comes seryative MP for Brentwood teSXve from Loid Weinstock after the Sir Raymond's further 

from Conservatives who are and «id.yestod« teat a V™*™*^™** BAe board meeting had ended, account had originally been part 

against any form of link and sizeable majority of his col- been careful,, that have shown ■ u_f ore >n __ 0 r his report on tee meeting 

those who want a road leagues would prefer a road good management and have JB J oe “" ^ pm Sth M^rittan, but h w2 

included from the start. The tunnel. Anoteer dozen or so are responded posityely .to the ® r wdSSkthS Shed out oftee “fell lran- 

lattef are widely believed to implacable opponents of any Government's policy of reduo S had K SnS “S’ «nt to the Prime 

fora majority of the pMt/s ™^ |BMuica a** Sffij A^n Peara. 

. Their opportunity to change road element to the scheme at Councils, which -took tee Slate , and teat in view 

the rail-only plan, endorsed by this stage would undoubtedly unprecedented step of rec- 

the French and British Govern- annoy the French who regard ommencting all MPs to vole VJTJCj’ 

ments,- is -likely to arise during the British procedures for the against the grant settlement, has 

tee committee stage of a tunnel scheme as far too protracted. calculated the -net loss to shire As Mr Leon 

Bill to " be introduced in ^ ’ 1 ^^- areas is £274: million. retary for Trade 

— _ ,• i c ts Mr McCrindlc, however, w r p™. ^* r Ti enn eth announced, that hi 



Great Reductions on Bedding 

GEC to sue Plessey 

to" be introduced 

calculated the; -net loss to shire 
areas is £274! million. 

As Mr Leon Briltan. Sec- 
retary for Trade and Industry 

sey's defence document was one 
of tec mosi outspoken veL 

£889 £650 

-Parliament before- Easter *."Y *? w 7 ' m ' m Mr Pym told Mr Kenneth announced teat he was referring It is this which contains the 

l^dSti with flunks- tee Goveimneni . wtil Baker, sSreiary of State for the GECs £1.2 billion bid fo? alleged libels, 

under the “hybrid” procedure baveJiotonly delay but oum^t Environment, that in East Plessey to the monopolies GEC claims that the docu- 

that enables a small- toammfrtee opposition to the present Anglia, it .was expected rates commission, GEC said it was ment “contains false and 

m rake evidence from groups proposau wbuld go up by three to five launching a libel action against misleading statements which 

that enables a smaff- committee 
to take evidence from groups 
and individuals who feel their 



'v £10,000 refusal 

, Mr Richard Needham,- Under- 
. Secretary: 'of State at the 
y Nonhcrn Ireland Office, jtos 
/efiised to pay about £ 10,000 
losses -on a Lloyd’s syndicate 
because of a special agreement 
, . Page 2 

and individuals who feel their ■ In tee Commons, Mr Nicho- times the rate of inflation, 
interests are affected by tee las Ridley, Secretary of State for He stud tec Government was 
nrooosals. How wide a net the Transport, defused anger right to- be providing an extra 
amuStted should draw is amongst East Kent MPs, aU £200 million for inner plies and 

. its target company (Patience are seriously defamatory.* 

lamlv determined by its own Conservatives, by announcing urban areas, but it was unfair fiercely opposed to’ a takeover 
membeshiD, but- it could decide that a joint committee. is to set that -it . '.should be paid - for -by. , GEC. Although takeover 
to hear rival schemes. .' up to look into fears aroused by entirely by the shire counties. tactics in the City have become 

At any stage in the passage of tee scheme. . Pariuunept, Pag 6 ** increasingly hard hitting. Pies- 

He said the Government was Wheatcroft writes) Its objections centre on two 

right to be inoyiding an extra ■ Ptessey. led. by Sir • John quotations included in tee 
£200 million for Inner cities and Clark, its chairman, has been document, one an extract from 
urban areas, but it was unfair fiercely opposed to’ a takeover a stockbroker’s report 
that -it .should be paid-for -by. GEC. Although takeover Plessey will be defending tee 
entirely by the shire counties. tactics in the City have become writ. 

"Pa rfiam pyit, pqg«>4 increasingly hard hitting. Pies- Kenneth Fleet, page 19 

G uinn ess in £2.2bn bid for Distillers 

By JerernyWarner, Business. Correspondent 

.Anns- ■ , JS 

Artehectea. 18 
Arts .45 

Bridge ' ' 18 

-Bnsiaen 19-22 
*Charch' •■.;18" 
. Cent. , . M. 

CmnAth K32 
Diary - . -16 

"Etcjus • .-'32 

Featavs 13,14,1* 

Lw Report 4 
Ludag Articles 
olid Letters 1117 

OiAvuy J 8 
ParttuwBt .4 
Science * . 18 

Sport 25-27 
TVARMlio 31 
Universities ..18 
Weather- - 32 

Wife 18 

* <r ☆ ☆; rk 

Guinness, the brewer, yester- 
day entered tee -tattle '• for 
control <rf Distillers with a £2.2 ■ 
bffliou agreed takeover bid for 
tee Scottish drinks . group. The 
bid was the largest made in 

Distillers directors, .who 
have been fighting a near £2 
billion offer from Argyll, Mr 
James Gulliver's supermarkets 
and food manufacturing gronp, 
welcomed the Guinness move. 
One inside source, said:. “li'S 
like the ravaIry:comittg over the 

haL" • 

The merger would create a 
new force in the international 
- drinks market with a.jy tfolta 
of leading- brand names from 
' the Scotch whisky, pn and 
brewing industries, in flpd in g 
Arthur BeH, Dewm’e, Job 1111 ** 
Walker, Haig, Gordon's and 
Harp lager. 

The offer first has te pass a 
possible - Monopolies, and 
Mergers Commission reference 
' wbkh Mr Gulliver said was 
'inevitable'* because Guinness 
already owned the Arthur ’:8e0 
whisky basinets. • 




*atxro». Irnpon letfr u nto nl -j 

• "Bat Mr Ernest Saunders, the 
Gain ness chief executive, said 
be was confident the Govern- 

ment . would waive a Mon- 
opolies probe because of tee 
export potential of tee group. 

“Distillers stewardship ' of 
die Scotch whisky industry, 
which is crucial to its future 
health and development, will be 
continued after the merger." 
"With so much going for us, 

worries about our combined 
share of the British Scotch 
whisky market look dismiso- 
. able.” 

The combined group, which 
has yet to decide on a name, 
would have about 38 per cent of 
the British Scotch market 

Distillers agrees, page 19 

Teachers meet 
Acas over 
pay dispute 

The two sides in. the teachers’ 
pay dispute meet again today at 
the conciliation service, Acas, in 
another attempt to solve tee 1 1- 
month-old pay struggle. 

There are signs that a deal 
may be signed soon. All 27 
I members of tee management 
| side have been asked to attend a 
| meeting on Thursday, presum- 
! ably to discuss the ideas Acas 
j produces. 

Members of both sides have 
also been asked to stand by for 
talks today and tomorrow on an 
Acas peace plan. 

A fdrrtioo of Divan and Mattress Sets with Harruis 

pocketed spring: interiors. AH viscose covered Orig. Sole 

and made in UK. Price Price 


'Brann*r,' upholstered in hair and cotton fell. 

3’x6’3’ £j’5 £c 

Interest-free Credit £38.50 deposit and 9 monthly 
payments of £38J50 each. Total credit price £385 
S’stfb" £889 £f 

"Chesterfield,' upholstered in foam and cotton felt. 

3'x6‘3" £3.ih £2 

Wx6'3" i 


‘Imperial', nplmktered in haic coUun f.-ic 
and pulicsler fibre. 

3'aftV i j:i 

S’xbV IW £7 

"Saaon»‘, nphulstmd in cotton fell. 

rxV* ■ £342 ££■ 

4'6"*tf3" A'4'ft £3 


'Herald Supreme, upbohtered in cotton felt 
aud poljcMcr fibre. 

S'xtfb* iii'K* £»i 

b's 6 ’ 6 " lU2ii £H 

‘Eanrl’, ujdKiIstmd in cutlua felt Nun-sprunj.' l»a^- 

z’x&y • * n« £2 

S W Ui.-j £4 

Divan and Mallnm Sets and Matin-uses alimr un- jv jilaidi- 
Ui iUIirt M*rt at Salr IVice, 

Rt-dilinp. SivihhI Flute. Caniiify fnv nilhin mir nt ii tb fit vry arm. 

All rrthuliiswa/f from Humijs jiiwimi- ^rirnv 
Until Irt February 1986. Inlerratfm- Cn-dit A^niuimh « il!i 
Id uNHilItly lan-umiK iurlialiii* ik-jawl. nn* uiailiil>l>- mi .-*-l»v|i-<l 
itmin iiht UAK Sri- exanipir jpvrn. AA fur nrilli-ii •ii-lails. 

Sub* Ojn-ninjt H.hik Halil Sal 1*4 K*Ii: Mmi. Tii-n Unir-. 

Fri 9nm Ik fijsiu UVil 9am hi Tjmii. Sul 9um i.. fijuu. 

I'Hjii £71 n 

£342 £23.1 

iJ'ft £3 to 

ALL'ti £H2U 

0£t 1251 1 
Ui.-J £421) 

W ® -mms m. jsl 

5?g . mar ‘ :n. London SWW7S. 01 730 034 



By David Felton. Labour Correspondent 

Mr Neil Kinnock, leader of 
the Labour Party, yesterday 
launched a series of key 
speeches which will give the 
broad outlines of the party’s 
next election manifesto by 
putting forward a “philosophy 
for production” based on a big 
investment programme in the 
manufacturing industry. 

Labour, he believes, should 
not be afraid of embracing 
aspects of the Japanese indus- 
trial model which could be 
applied to Britain and' could 
provide a solution to the 
“conundrum" of labour costs 
and employment possibilities. 

In the speech in London to 
the Industrial Society, Mr 
Kin nock said that the process of 
economic recovery and recon- 
struction of the country’s 
manufacturing base would 
require a hugs investment effort 
which could not be left to 
market forces. 

Direction of investment 
needed to be agreed with a new 
Government, with a National 
Investment Bank making avail- 
able the funds needed. 

The speeches by the Labour 
leader and several of his front 
bench colleagues are designed to 
set out the party’s alternative 
programme for industrial and 
economic development to 
emphasize the need for a strong 
manufacturing industry. 

The party leadership is also 
keen to give a warning against 
optimism about large and 
immediate cuts in unemploy- 
ment if the strategy were 
implemented and will instead 
explain that Labour's pro- 
gramme is the best hope for 
longer-term cuts in unemploy- 

Mr Kinnock said that the 
social solidarity strategy oper- 
ated by the Japanese to reduce 

costs by improving production 
was a more acceptable answer 
to labour costs and employment 
prospects than the social in- 
security strategy of reducing 
costs by cutting wages. 

While explaining that Britain 
could not “take cuttings from 
the Japanese system” and sit 
back and watch a new industrial 
garden grow, he said: “I do 
believe that if wc are to move 
out of present economic and 
capital market conditions, and 
we most certainly must, it is 
.better for us to move towards 
the stable Japanese direction 
than to slip towards the fragile 
American condition”. 

Mr Kinnock added that if 
Britain was unable to remain in 
the same league as Japan, “let 
alone beat them, we arc going to 
have to join them at least in 
some of their ways”. 

He drew up aspects of the 
production philosophy which 
Britain should embrace, includ- 
ing principles of planning 
resources, adopting a positive 
strategy for imports and ex- 
ports. and. development of a 
venture capital agency with real 
resources and powers to estab- 
lish priorities for expenditure, 
location and industry and 
product growth. A coherent 
investment strategy was called 
for and the nation needed to 
foster science and technology- 
educated abilities. 

On this last point Labour 
envisaged a Ministry of Science 
to allow a better sense of co- 
operation between the labora- 
tory' and the needs of industry. 

The new National Invest- 
ment Bank woutd provide 
finance on favourable terms to 
small and medium-sized busi- 
nesses and ought also to direct 
investment to the right sectors. 

Girl cleared I Unionists’ 

of murdering campaign 
her father under fire 

A young woman who slabbed 
her drunken father to death 
after he bit and taunted her was 
cleared of murder yesterday but 
found guilty of manslaughter 
and sentenced to four years' 
youth custody. 

Karen Tyler, aged 20. of 
Colchester, Essex, told Chel- 
msford Crown Court that she 
bad feared for her life when she 
plunged the eight-inch knife 
into her father. 

The court was told that she 
meant only to give her father, 
George Tyler, aged 45, a 
warning after an argument 
involving her mother. She was 
charged with murder in Sep- 
tember 1984 but released on 
bail. . „ 

By Richard Ford 

The judge. Mr Justice McCo- 
m told hen ’’l accepL that you 

wan told hen ’’l accept that you 
were subjected to pressures that 
day. But it was not extreme 
provocation and you suffered 
no serious iiyuries.” 

The Times overseas selling prices 

Austria Sell 29: Mgttgn BTra > BOCangM 
£2.75: CanorK-i Pe=» ZOO: Cyprus 70 coins. 
Denmark Okt lO.Ott Finland MWs 9.00: 

France Fra 8X0: Germany DM 3JS0: 
Gibraltar oOo. Greece Dr 180: Holland _GI 

5.60: Irish Republic 4Qp: Haly U 2600: 
Luxembourg U as: Madeira Esc 1 TO. Malta 
Morocco CUr lo.oo. Norway Nr 9.00: 
Pakistan Rjl 18: PortuoalEsc 170: 
Singapore SS SO: Spain Pra 200: Sweden 
Skr 9 CO Switzerland S Fn 5.00. Tuntala 
Din 80 OO USA *1 .76: YlWMlavtt Din 360 

More than 400 prominent 
Northern Ireland academics, 
businessmen, churchmen and 
professional people today pub- 
lish an open letter deeply 
hostile to the Unionist Party's 
"Ulster Says No” by-election 

The names and money to pay 
for the letter published in two 
Belfast morning newspapers 
and tonight's evening paper 
were gathered in seven days 
despite the fear that by going 
public they could put them- 
selves and perhaps their 
businesses at risk from militant 

Their implicit message to the 
Government is that there are 
many in the province, particu- 
larly among the Unionist 
cumin unity, who are concerned 
at the tone and direction of the 
“loyalist” campaign to wreck 
the Anglo-Irish agreement. 

Today's advertisements have 
been organized by the Northern 
Ireland consensus group, a 
body formed four years ago by 
a group of solicitors from both 
I sides of the sectarian divide. 

By Gregory Neale 

Politicians, . industry, trade 
unions and environmentalists 
were divided yesterday -in their 
reaction to the announcement 
by Mrs Margaret Thatcher and 
President Mitterrand of the 
Channel rail tunnel. 

British RaiL rail unions and 
freight organizations welcomed 
the decision, while road traffic 
interests, including the Trans- 
port and General Workers’ 

Unions condemned it 

Environmental groups an- 
nounced a continuing campaign 
against the project, which they 
said would damage east Kent 

In the county, traders in 
Dover and neighbouring areas 
predicted increased unemploy- 
ment and dedinig business, 
particularly for the harbour and 
ferry trade. 

The Conservative Party in 
the county was also split, with 
one councillor saying the 
decision would rebound elect o- 
rally against the Government. 

British Rail welcomed the 
decision, and said hourly train 
services from London would 
reach Paris in three an a quarter 

On Southern Region, im- 
provements in infrastructure 
will total £I85miUion, including 
a new passsenger terminal at 

Mr Jimmy Knapp, general 
secretary of the National Union 
of Railwaymen. said: “The rail 
workers are eager to make this 
imaginative venture a resound- 
ing success.” 

The road lobby greeted the 
announcement with varying 
degrees of disappointment, and 
calls for road investment 

The Automobile Association 
said a chance bad been missed 
to create a fixed link suitable for 
increasing private and commer- 
cial road traffic. 

Mr Ron Todd, general 
secretary of the transport 
workers' union, said the scheme 
“will destroy far more jobs in 
the long term that it would 
create in the short term". 

The British Road Federation 
said that for the Channel tunnel 
to function effectively, new 
road construction was vital in 
Kent and around London. 

The M25 would need im- 
provement, a gap between 
Ashford and Maidstone on the 
M20 would have to be built at a 
cost of £50 million, and 
improvements made in London 
to the A 2, the A20 and the A23, 
the federation said. 

Mr Alan Stibbe. president of 
Dover Chamber of Commerce, 
and a former merchant banker, 
said the project would cause 
“the collapse of the local 
economy” and increasing bank- 
ruptcies, unless the Govern- 
ment provided about £300 
million aid for the area, similar 
to that being offered by the 
French authorities to the Pas de 
Calais district. ■ 

Mr Tony Hart, leader of Kent 
County Council, said in a 
statement jointly issued by the 
councils in Dover. Shepway, 
.Ashford. Thanel and Canter- 
bury: “The fixed link offers 

opportunities for Kent, but only 
if there is a determination at 

if there is a determination at 
local and national level to make 
sure the county reaps the 
benefits, not just the draw- 

Mr Jonathan Sloggett, man- 
aging director of. the Dover 
Harbour Board, said that a 
planned £75 million develop- 
ment programme at the port 
would go ahead, and -thought 
that ferries would be able to 
compete with a fixed link. 

But Mr Jim Slater, general 
secretary of the National Union 
of Seamen, said: "Mrs Thatcher 
has signed a death sentence for 
5.000 British seamen’s jobs.” 



Would you treat a child suffering fram>S 
leukaemia. 7 f 

| Would you retain Society's hard won 
j control over polio, diphtheria. TB and 
{ smallpox? 

Would you agree vve must have 
medicines and vaccines which have 
been tested for safetv? 

Would you agree that we need to 
alleviate and control, for example, 
cancer, arthritis, multiple sclerosis and 
heart disease" 

Would you like to see a cure for .AIDS 
and Legionnaire's disease? 

Animal experimentation has made 
an essential contribution to the 
control and eradication of serious 
diseases. Much more requires to be 
clone ■ this work must continue. 

Safeguard your future 



“> .. ■ 

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Mr Nigel Snape on the farmland he leases at Hockley Sole, near Folkestone. 

(Photograph: John Maiming). 

‘The villagers are very angry 

No rejoicing where the excavators will bite 

Angry seamen, worried about 
losing their jobs, and villagers 
and farmers in Kent who will 
soon have a main road under 
their windowsills, were in no 
mood yesterday to celebrate the 
choice of a twin rail Channel 

“Dover is the last stronghold 
of the British seamen’s indus- 
try and now it is being wrecked. 
The younger generation of 
seamen are finished,” Mr John 
Smith, a quartermaster with 
Townsend Thoresen. said. 

“Older seamen like myself 
will somehow survive long 
enough to earn oar redun- 
dancies or retirement, but for 
the rest, it is the beginning of 
the end.” he added. 

“Every seaman is against the 
tunneL any tnnneL I've just 
finished a 24-hour shift in gale 
force conditions, and yet 

despite the terrible weather 
conditions, we transported 
more than 100, juggernauts 
across the ChanneL” 

The seamen expect an all-out 
ferry fare war with Channel 
crossing prices being cut by up 
to 50 per cent in the next few 

“The new ^generation of 
Townsend ferries will be able to 
compete with the tunnel but for 
how long?” Mr Smith, who has 
spent 18 years at sea. said. 

Mr Keith Catterick, a radio 
officer with Se alink, who has 
20 years’ seagoing experience, 
said that the tunnel would bring 
only mass unemployment. 

“The Government dating the 
public will bare a ‘cross-Chan- 
nel choice' but how will they If 
the ships have been put out of 
business?” he asked. 

For Mr Ray McLaren of the 

More hall public - house in 
Cheriton, where the tunnel 
entrance win be built, the 
project is a blessing: “It will 
bring me more business, but I 
don’t think it wfli upgrade 

He believes the - Channel 
Tunnel Group's scheme , is the 
best survival plan offered to 
Dover and Folkestone. 

Meanwhile, farmers and 
villagers in Newington, Peene 
and Danton, on the route of the 
proposed road, are angry. 

Mr Jeremy Lamb, .a tax 
consultant, and his wife, Patri- 
cia, moved from Lamberhnrst, 
to a fifteenth-century house in 
Peene, Kent, to escape the 
noise from the A20 trunk road. 
Now they have learnt that the 
tunnel link road will be bunt 
outside their front gate. 

“We are devastated. The 

title- searches showed no evi- 
dence of the proposed scheme, 
but a day after we arrived here 
last August, the local villagers 
and farmers told ns the bad 
news”, Mr Lamb said. Dozens 
of council and public meetings 
had failed to halt the plans. 

Mr Lamb said that Mr ; 
Michael - Howard, the Con- 1 
servative MP for Folkestone: 
and Hythe, had ignored the 
feelings of villagers and farm- 

Mr Nigel Shape, a farmer 
from Hockley Sole,-three miles ; 
from Folkestone, faces the 
prospect of a section of the 
tunnel running under 65 acres 
of land he leases. One farmer , 
would lose more than. 300 acres : 

“The villagers are very 
angry,” he added, but didnot 
think that there should be a- 
public inquiry. 

Project will ‘make 
ties stronger’ 

at meeting in Lille 

The following is the text of 
the joint communique issued by 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher vtnd 
President Mitterrand after their 
talks on a Channel fixed link: 
Today. January 20, 1986, the 
Prime Minister of the United 
Kingdom and the President of 
France agreed to facilitate the 
construction of a fixed link 
across the English Channel. 

This decision follows the 
meetings of November 30, 
1984, and November 18, 1985, 
and~ the issue mg of the invi- 
tation to promoters for the 
financing, construction and 
operation of a fixed link 
without support from public 
funds or government financial 

The completion of this major 
project will be a landmark in 
the development of the re- 
lations between the United 
Kingdom and France and of 
Europe as a whole. 

It testifies to the willingness 
of the two countries to streng- 
then their economic, political 
and cultural ties and to 
demonstrate to future gener- 
ations an example of imagin- 
ation and enterprise for peaceful 

It will represent a vital link in 
the European transport net- 
work. A project of this magni- 
tude will have a significant 
economic impact in both 
countries, both in terms of 
employment and of technologi- 
cal development. 

The quality of the proposals 
received from all the promoters, 
drawing upon some of the most 
important financial institutions 
and companies of the two 
countries, has made the govern- 
ments’ choice of a future link 
particularly difficult. 

The enthusiasm- with which 
each project has been promoted 
has gone far beyond the simple 
defence of commercial interests. 
The symbolic nature of the 
project has contributed substan- 
tially to the wish of the 

industrial and financial ‘enter- 
prises of the two countries to be 
associated with it. 

The,, governments, were ad- 
vised in their decision by an 
assessment • -group. - in which 
more than 100 experts on each 
side "of the Channel partici- 

The governments have made 
their choice on the basis of the 
criteria sex out in the invitation 
to promoters. They have con- 
cluded that the project to be 
selected must he one that is 
among other things technically 
feasible, safe and attractive for 
users, and environmentally 

The project chosen is the 
twin rail tunnel providing for 
the passage of both through 
trains and shuttle trains for road 
vehicles presented by the Anglo- 
French partnership, Channel 
Tunnel Group/France Manche. 
The two governments have 
derided to facilitate this project, 
if it is able to mobilize the 
investment necessary. 

A concession agreement will 
thus be agreed with this group 
for the financing, constructing 
and operation of this scheme. 

The.’ governments expect 
construction to begin in 1987 
and the link to be ready for 
operation in 1 993. 

Furthermore, the promoters 
have undertaken to submit to 
the governments, by the year 
2000. a proposal for a drive- 
through link. It is envisaged 
that this would be undertaken 
as soon as the technical 
feasibility is assured and econ- 
omic circumstances and the 
growth of traffic are such as to 
permit it to be financed without 
understanding the return on the 
first link. 

The next stage in the project 
will be the signature of a treaty 
between the two countries and 
the conclusion of a concession 
agreement between the govern- 
ments and the concessionnaire. 
Signature of the treaty will take 
place in London in February. 

Contmued from page 1 
speech in French, a move 
designed to underline the 
harmdW y of the occasion. ■ 

“It is a great day,” she said. 
“Today means' we’ are embark- 
ing with determination to build 
this link. It is not only the link 
itself it means something 
symbolic between Britain and 

She spoke of the “genuine 
concern" about the link' in the 
areas most directly affected, 
Kent and the NonJ-Pas de 
Calais in France. The two 
governments had looked care- 
fully at the environmental 
consequences and were, confi- 
dent that the winning scheme 
could be carried out without 

The CTG’s scheme got the 
vote over the Channel Express- 
way plan for. a combined 
road/rarl solution, supported 
until the later stages by Mrs 
Thatcher, but strongly disliked 
by the French, and the £5 
billion Euro Route project for a 
combined bridge and tunnel 

The joint communique 
issued yesterday said that the 
choice had been “particularly 

The timing of the announce- 
ment was dictated by President 
Mitterrand who wanted . it in 
time for the French parliamen- 
tary elections on March 16. Mrs 
Thatcher regards the expected 
start on building in 1 987 as a 
potential electoral bonus. 

The link, to be used by 
British Rail and the French 
railway SNCF, wilL create more 
than 40.000 jobs in the two 

The crucial issue of duty-free 
sales on the trains has yet to be 
derided by the European 
Commission, which in any case 
want to abolish concessions 
throughout' the Community 

Duty-free goods, available 
only on sea or air routes, 
account for about 30 per cent of 
the ferry company revenues. Mr 

Gordon said that they would 
account for less than .10 percent 
of tunnel income but he still 
■ expected “ like -i'-maun ent"' to 
that afforded to competitors. 

- In spite, of assurances from 
European Ferries that it would 
not launch a price war, increas- 
ingly competitive cross-Channel 
rates now seem certain. . CTG is 
'planning to. undercut the pre- 
sent discounted ferry rates by 10 
per cent and, at today's prices, 
offer a one-way ticket for a car 
and three people of£40-£5O. 

European Ferries, which 
ope rages Townsend Thomson, 
said that it -had already prom- 
ised a face of £20-£3U should the 
tunnel go ahead. The company 
has ordered two new jumbo 
ferries,- each carrying 700 cars, 
and 2.400 passengers but with 
operating, costs, equal to ships 
half the size. 

Mr James Sherwood, chair- 
man of Sealink British Ferries 
which had proposed a com- 
bined road- and rail link, 
launched an outspoken attack 
on the tunnel scheme, which 
offered marginal improvement, 
only on the - femes. Most 
motorists, .wanted ,a . drive- 
through solution and the de- 
cision should be “nipped in the 

Mr Sherwood said later be 
had been assured that if the 
socialists lost the next French 
election, the decision would be 
reversed. He took sustenance 
from the feet that President 
Mitterrand preferred a road link 
and he considered it unlikely 
that the tail ' shuxtleltnk would 
ever be built. 

The tunnel will prove a big 
advantage to British industry, 
according to the Confederation 
of British Industry (Derek 
Harris writes). 

This welcome for a fixed link 
was echoed elsewhere in indus- 
: try and commerce,' in spite of 
scric regional worries that more 
businesses may relocate to the 
South-east and possibly north- 
ern France. 

face double * 

pressure on 

By Donald Madntyre ' „ 

Labour Editor 

The electricians' union win : 
come under - fresh pressure . . 
tomorrow on two.frpnts' when it. „ i 
feces calls for disciplinary : 'lx 
action which could lead to its - ‘l 
suspension or expulsion from ' M - ' 
the TUG • ..' .•*■'. ■ 

The inner, cabinet of the *J 

TUG tbe finance- and general 
purposes committee, yesterday .- 
proposed that Mr Nonnaa : ‘. ” 

Willis, TUC general secretary,' • £ .. 

put a complaint ' from the 
National Union, of Minework- - .. -i ". 
ere to Mr Eric Hammond, the - ‘ 

electricians’ leader. . 

TheNUM’s complaining that - 
the EETPLTs continued contact '"C 

with the breakaway -Union of - 
Democratic Mine workers is ‘y. 

detrimental to the interests of. ■ V 
the trade-union mavemenL - . 

The general council will, also V 

be under pressure from the four jf- ' 
other unions in ihe print-; • $.\ w 
industry, the National Graphi- ' • ~ 
cal Association, . Sogat 82, the \\- 
National Union of Journalists, 
and the Amalgamated Union of 
Engineering Workers, to begin '{■ 
immediate disciplinary' steps - . 

against the electricians' union. 
over., its proposed talks with ' 
News: International 

The four, unions are arguing ■: 
that tiie electricians* union is in ' 
breach , of the TUCs formal 
advice- not to reach a. separate . j ,: 
agreement with News Inter? - . ... 
national covering . the com? A l 
party's Wapping plant and -to - ! •- 
Join m a common approach by '• ' 
all the unions ■ 1 ' 

Mr Willis, who will report r- ' 
tomorrow to the general council - • [ - 
on his failure to persuade News j * 
International’, on Sunday, te . <. ; _ 

reopen lalkswitht he main print ■ j’’- 
unions, told, the inner cabinet p 
yesterday that he would be • • |-; 

considering what advice to give - - ' 
the general', council on any . * 
possible action against the J- 
electricians* union , over the 
News International issue.- J-' 

The -union aigues that it has 
not breached formal advice not w : 
to secure a separate agreement ''' 

since it has promised that the j j ’» 
executive will consider the K 

outcome of any .negotiations “ 

with the TUC before reaching 
an agreement. . if 

Meanwhile, the -NGA and . ||t 

Sogat will tonight announce the 
voting results of their members ? 

at News International’s four, 
■newspapers. They are hoping 
for a mandate; for: industrial /. 
action against the company. 

: Mr Ron Todd, general 
secretary erf* the Transport and y 
General Workers’ Union, said .. 
after yesterday’s. TUG - meeting - 

that the union was still pursuing . , r. 
discussions, on its agreement ._ . 
with „■ TNT, the distribution •• 

company used to ensure sup- 
plies to London retailers at the . k; - 
weekend of the 24-page sup- V; ~ 
piemen t produced at Wapping 
and included in 77ie Sunday 
Times. 7 

Mr Todd said the union had 
an agreement with the company - 

but was seeking not to do “ 
“anything which is in conflict - 

With the interests of the print ' 
unions concerned”, - • — 

Deselection was 
. ‘revenge for 
opposing Bonn’. 

By Anthony Bevins and 
Tim Jones . 

Mr Michael Cocks, Labour's 
former chief whip in • the 
Commons, was dropped as 
party candidate for Bristol 
South-East in revenge for his 
opposition to Mr Tony Benn it 
was alleged yesterday. 

He said, that he had been 
deselected as Labour candidate,, 
after 16 years as a Bristol MP, 
because he. had defeated Mr 
Benn for the Bristol South-East, 
nomination in 1983. “The 
knives were out”, Mr Cocks 
said, “and I knew they, would 
get me." 

Friends of; Mr . Cocks last 
night accused Mr-Benn's back- 
ers of conducting “a* carefully 
orchestrated vendetta" to dese- 
lect the rightrwingMP. 

The election of Mrs Dawn 
Primaroio. aged 31, an Avon 
county councillor,, to represent 
Labour at the next election by 
71 votes to 56; has been, hailed 
as a victory for the hard left bui 
-the constituency party is how 
bitterly divided; 

tog ca« 

f- 1 . - . 


■a| j 

Minister refuses to pay Lloyd’s syndicate losses 

By Anthony Bevins. Political Correspondent 
Richard Needham, enacted in 1982, which he 
jcretary of State at the described as a “monstrous” 

Under-Secretary of State at the described as 
Northern Ireland Office, has defamation, 
refused to pay losses of about . Mr Nccdh 
£10.000 on a Lloyd's insuranc they came n 
syndicate. years, or whs 

Mr Needham said: "When 
they came to me after three 
years, or whatever it was. and 

He was placed on aviation said to me: ‘You pay up', I said: 
syndicate 244 when he joined Tm not paying up. You told me 

T In.irfV am I 0*70 t< J I d 1 I 

Lloyd's in 1 979. 

He had been promised that 
he would be put on "safe and 

I'd be on safe and sound 

"I came to an arrangement 

sound" syndicates, but by the with them, and I think the total 
time syndicate 244 was wound amount Tve paid them so far. 

up in 1981 by- Laurence all in all, amounts to about, I 
Philipps, the managing agents, don't know. £11,000 or £12,000. 

total losses were estimated at 
about £3 million, to be shared 
among the "names” on the 
syndicate Usl 

Mr Needham refused to pay 
his share of ihc losses, which 
eventually amounted to about 

"I can't remember what the 
figures are in terms of cheques I 
wrote out to them: there were 
several thousands of pounds." 

Mr Needham was reluctant 
to talk about the precise terns 
of ihe deal reached wnh 

Mr Richard Needham, 
who has refused to pay 

£21.000. because of bis "safe . Laurence Philipps, but said that 

and sound" agreement. 

He told The Times that that 
agreement and his refusal to pay 
the full amount has provoked a 
campaign of “lies and 
innuendo” against him. 

It had been alleged that there 

pan of his payment was covered 
by tax rebates for losses. He also 
indicated that he bad .paid 
losses based on the notional 
membership of a “safe and 
sound" syndicate. 

"I didn't pay 244." he said. 

was a link between the Laurence "It was based upon me being in 
Philipps deal and his Commons., a syodicaie_..whkh. .Laurcncn.. 

involvement in the Lloyd's Bill' Philipps had originally told me 

they would put me in, and 

Others in 244 were promised 
also that ihey.wpuld be placed 
in reasonable syndicates. One 
name was told be would be put 
on "relatively conservative, 
middie-of-tnc road performers.” 
When those members of 244 
decided to take action against 
Laurence Philipps, , they asked 
Mr Needham to jointhem. 

Mr Nixdham , told • The 
Timer. T - said: 'I’ve left 
Laurence Philipps. As far as I’m 

concerned my. position wiib- 
them is finalized. I don’t want 
to get involved with them 

“They said; ‘Ah well, this is 
because there's some compli- 
cated deal, that’s been cobbled 
up between Needham because 
he happened to be involved 
with -the Lloyd’s Bill and 
because' he’s an MP and one 
thing and another'.” - 

Following publication of a 
report m The Observer in April 
1 984, Mr Needham said that he 
had thought to himselfi "Well,' 
it’s only a matter of time that 
they’re how going to try to 
suggest that there is :Some 
connection between what I said 
in Parliament. . /\ 

Mr Needham, who was a 
backbencher at the- time, spoke 
on the second reading in 19SI 
of the Lloyd’s Bill, private 
legislation giving. the insurance 
market powers of sclf-regu- 
latfon. and again on . the third 
reading in 1982. .. 

lipps only in May 1982,. more 
than two mohthds after the -Bill 
had gone to the House of Lords 
from the Commons. 
Nevertheless. Mr. Needham 

had all his papers, checked by a 

lawyer acting for the aggrieved 
members of 244. The lawyer 
tdfd Mr Needham - that . his 
conduct had been' 'above re- 
proach. ; v. 

iv:- ■ 
!k ■ 

r> r „ ■ - 

- As a member of Lloyd’s he 
-did not vote on the Bilf in the’ 
Commons, and it was "stated- 
yesterday that he reached his 1 
agreement with Laurence Phi-. 

It had also been alleged at a ; 
private meeting, id from ®;. 

other MPs,- “that -l -had. been •- 

introducing names to Uoyds- 

and ^tting commissioit^out of 
it, and as a result -of.. that. 

Laurence Philipps had been. 
able to satisfy, mdas- fer asrey - 
losses on 244 were: concerned » 
he said. r - 

. “I said it -- 

ridiculous because ft must* - 
and if : I had been getting 
commission far dtting' iw* .*!, ■ 
thing, which' 1 ' hadn't;.- . ft . 
wouldn’t have . borne jaoy.- 
rescraHance to the -losses l had. 
been making on-244v”- .v 

. Mr Needham alsp. .d?h^d; a .^ . 

1 984 report . that : he '.'had 
gLyen an interesirfree, 

Laurence PhiHpps to bdir xnm 
to meet his244lossric : r . , 


•gk -i:. 



• •liiT--: 

■ .Ne • 

■ Vi- 




Medical researchers call 
for ethical committees 
to control embryo work 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 

Th e leading medical research 

■ organizations of nine European 
. countries, including Britain, 
• have proposed strict controls on 

embryo research and other 
' Test-tube baby** techniques. • 

^ ' They have called for national 
ethical committees to be set up 
in each country to monitor the 
*04 -of in-vitro fertilization 
specialists and to prohibit 
“unacceptable" research, but 
they stop short of legislation. 

The suggestions were put 
forward in a statement issued 
yesterday on behalf of the 

■ medical research councils of 
Austria, Belgium, Denmark, 
Finland, Holland, Italy. Swe- 
den, West Germany and the 
United Kingdom. 

The Medical Research Coun- 
cil in Britain is sending copies 
... of the statement to MPs as an 
1. aid to public debate: on Friday 
a new attempt to ban research 
on human embryos will be 
made with the publication of a 
private member's Bill in the 
House of Commons. 

Mr Kenneth Hargreaves, 
Conservative MP for Hyn- 
dburn, is proposing legislation 
very similar to that of the 
unsuccessful Bill introduced last 

The research councils of 
Europe are agreed that research 
on what they describe as "pre- 
.embryos” should be permitted 
r .j improve the treatment of 
infertility and to reduce the 
incidence of hereditary and 
congenital abnormalities. 

But such work should not be 
permitted on pre-embryos be- 
yond 14 days, they say. The 
councils also want to ban some 
work that is currently imposs- 
ible but which could develop: 
the cloning of embryos; produc- 
ing hybrids through inter-spe- 
cies fertilization; and altering 
human genes to change charac- 
teristics such as intelligennce 
and personality. 

The proposals have been 
drafted because of concern 

Hospital inquiry 
is sought • 

A government ; inquiry'. into 
possible ; revision of the, law 
covering, private hospitals' was 
demanded yesterday by the 
Medical Practitioners’ Union in 
Scotland. Mr. Gordon Craig; 
Scottish divisional officer for 
the union, told a press confer- 
ence in Glasgow that regu- 
lations covering the private 
sector were' woefully inadequate 
to protect patients and staff. 

The demand has been shar- 
pened by ' the recent fatal 
accident reports in Glasgow on 
a boy aged 7 who died after an 
operation in a private hospital. 
The union has been campaign- 
ing for tougher controls for 
several years. 

Mr Craig said the standards 
set by the National Health 
Services, the arbiter for health 
care standards in Britain, 
should apply equally and no less 
stringently to the private sector. . 

The union is also, seeking to 
have private hospitals licensed 
for each medical procedure 
carried out there, in order to 
ensure adequate back-up facili- 
ties and staffing, and to create a 
provision that consultants 
working in the private sector 
should live within an acceptable 
distance from the hospital so 
that in an emergency they 
would be available. 

The union is to approach Mr 
Malcolm Rifkmd, Secretary of 
State for Scotland, and every 
Scottish MP on the issue. 

among the councils at the lack 
of guidance on permitted 
practices within the TVF field 
The recommendations pub- 
lished yesterday are aimed at 
"encouraging the acceptance of 
1VF and carefully controlled 
related research in Europe", a 
joint statemennt said 

‘The medical and scientific 
communities are acutely con- 
scious of the need to be guided 

by public opinion on questions 
of ethical significanc e as funda- 
mental as those ^raised by this 

"It is vital that in' additioim 
to . scientists aqd clinicians,, the 
public' .be involve^ ■ in the 
.decision as to -what is ethically 
permissible and in the . prohib- 
ition of unacceptable research.” 

The councils argue that 
.without research there- would 
have been - on IVF to help 
infertile couples. "The tech- 
nique is still relatively inef- 
ficient, and without more 
research no improvements are 
possible." they say. 

Preventmgr research, would 

.Commit clinicians to fwntiniw 
using unsatisfactory methods, 
and that in itself would ' be 
unethical to medical specialists. 

The proposed national ehtical 
committee would have a "sub- 
stantial" lay membership and 
would guide and advise scien- 
tists and doctors, and: draw up 
guidelines in controversial areas 
of research. - 

"It is- expected that by this 
means, the need for legislation 
in areas in which the central 
question concerns the ethical 
acceptability of a practice would 
be avoided," the councils say. 

The greatest long term benefit 
from research on fertilized 
human eggs will be the "very 
early detection" and hereditary 
disorders such as cystic fibrosis, 
muscular dystrophy and hae- 
mophilia, the councils believe. 

The use of "spare" pre-em- 
bryos in such research must be 
dependent in all cases on the 
consent of the donors, "the final 
arbiters in any decision", they 

Sir James Gowans, secretary 
of the British Medical Research 
Council, said yesterday: "The 
proposals are the result of 
discussions among European 
research leaders who recognize 
the need for an informed public 
debate on human IVF. 

"We are very anxious to have 
the public fully involved in 
monitoring research. 

Visits to top historic 
houses are up 14% 

By John Young 

The most popular historic 
houses in terms of visitors last 
year were Warwick Castle, 
owned by Madame Tussauds. 
and Beaulieu, the ancestral 
home of Lord Montagu of 
Beaulieu, chairman of English 
Heritage, according to the : 
Historic Houses Association. 

The association's table does 
not include Crown properties, 
such as the Tower of London 
'tl.nd the royal palaces, or those 
owned by the National Trust. 
Warwick Castle had 641,000 
visitors, and Beaulieu more 
than 560,000. The next most 
popular were Hare wood House, 
with just above 200,000. and 
Arundel Castle with 184.000. 

Visitors to Warwick and 
Beaulieu were nearly 14 per 
cent more than in 1984, and 
most other owners of the best • 
known and most popular 
i properties reported big in- 
9 creases in business. Floors 
Castle. in Scotland, for 
example, the home of the Dukes 
of Roxburgh, where part of the 
film Greystoke was shot, at- 
tracted more than 60 per cent 
.i more visitors. 

The association attributes the 
- increase to the strong dollar and 
the consequent revival of the 
American tourist trade. 




or fad 

Warwick Ca 


Arundel Ca 
Bowood Ho 
Blair Ca 
Scone Pa 
Wilton Ho 
Inveraray Ca 
Cawdor Ca 
Lifford Park 
Newby HaH 
Holkar HaB 
Alnwick Ca 
Floats Ca 
Berkeley Ca 




-2 2. 
■ 41 



+12 JS 







+ 0.8 

Pitwn sector properties wWi more than 
50.000 vfattnra a year. Several leedng houses 
do not pubtoti vtaftor Vires, and those an not 
taduded here. 

Flgwes tram the HMorte Houses AseocWkm. 

But the association is con- 
cerned that the numbers of 
visitors to lesser known houses, 
whose owners cannot afford 
expensive marketing and pro- 
motion campaigns, dropped by 
15 per cent. 

Drug case halted again 

The trial in London of a 
Saudi Arabian prince accused of 
plotting to smuggle cocaine into 
Britain was halted for the fourth 
lime yesterday when a woman 
juror fell ill and was discharged 
from service. 

The trial at Knightsbridge 
Crown Court, which has not 
proceeded further than the 
prosecution opening speech 

since it began last Monday, has 
had three false starts. 

The court was told yesterday 
by Judge Henry Pownall. QC. 
that a woman juror had fallen ill 
and been discharged. A male 
juror was sworn in after defence 
counsel challenged 12 potential 
jurors and the trial started yet 

Sunday shop 
rebuffed in 
Go-op study 

By Teresa Poole 

The Co-op, Britain's biggest 
shopkeeper, yesterday renewed 
its attack on unrestricted 
Sunday trading with an inde- 
pendent survey showing that 
most of its customers do not 
want shops open ail day on 

Only IS per cent of Co-op 
shoppers said they approved of 
all-day Sunday trading and 
more than half agreed that 
"Sundays are a good excuse not 
to have to go shopping". 

The survey appears to 
support the Co-op’s view that 
there is limited appeal for total 
deregulation of Sunday shop- 
ping. Of the 27 per cent who 
thought it would be a good idea 
for all shops to be open on 
Sunday, only 37 per cent 
wanted them open all day. 

Support for Sunday shop- 
ping was strongest among 
nnder-35s and where both 
partners worked. In those cases 
about three quarters of cus- 
tomers said they would regu- 
larly shop on Sundays. 

The Co-op has 5,800 retail 
outlets with a combined turn- 
over of £4^00 million and has 
strongly opposed government 
proposals in the Shops BOl to 
lift all restrictions on shops. 
The surrey, by Research 
Bureau, was conducted late last 
year with 600 Co-op customers. 

A large minority, more than 
a third, said they shopped on 
Sunday beyond buying news- 
papers, confectionery and ciga- 
rettes. Almost half agreed that 
they would shop if the stores 
were open 

When pressed oh preferred 
Sunday opening times for 
shops, 29 per cent wanted the 
morning only and II per cent 
wanted nnd-moramg to mid- 
afternoon. Parliament, page 4 

Kidnap threat to second brother 

Mr Muhammad Mahdi al- 
Tajir. the United Arab Emi- 
rates* Ambassador in London, 
said yesterday that there had 
been a threat to kidnap a second 
member of his family. 

After armed men bundled his 
brother Sadiq into a car on a 
London street, the ambassador 
was warned that the kidnappers 
■ also after another brother, 
he said: "Mr X, the inter- 
mediary, said: 'Be careful, they 
are after your brother Hadi* ". 
i Mr Hadi al-Tajir, chief 
executive of the family busi- 
ness, came to England in 1957 
with his brother Sadiq, who 
runs a travel agency in Knighis- 
bridge, west London. 

The ambassador said: "l 
cannot tell you any more at the 
moment: more about this will 
come out later". 

He disclosed that on the day 
of the kidnap, two weeks ago. 
his brother was not ac- 
companied, as usual, by a 
bodvguard. "For some reason, 
Sadiq had declined to use 
p security that day", he said. 

The kidnap victim had 
' 'opened the door to an expected 
' Eller at the family’s residence 
1 Rutland Gate and was 
: confronted by a man with a 
| revolver, who pushed him into 
! a car. 

i , it was the start of an 1 1-day 
'iwdeal which ended on Friday 

Mr Muhammad Mahdi al- 
Tajir, the UAE Ambassa- 
dor, in London yesterday. 

after payment of a S3 million 
(about £2 million) ransom. Mr 
al-Tajir had been chained to a 
bedstead in a flat in west 
Norwood, south London. 

The ambassador said: “My 
brother is strong enough to get 
over it. I'm sure he is glad to be 

Asked if paying the ransom 
would encourage future kid- 
naps, He said: “The outcome 

will prove whether or not I 

made the right decision. I 
decided to pay the money as a 
way of bringing the kidnappers 
to justice. 

Two detectives from the anti- 
terrorist squad flew to New 
York on Sunday to begin 
extradition proceedings against 
an Arab businessman held by 
the FBI and alleged to be the 
“Mr X" involved in the 

Scotland Yard confirmed- that 
the FBI had arrested Mustafa. 
Zcin. aged 43, in Manhattan on 
Saturday night. 

The ambassador, who has a 
fortune of £2,000 million, 
described the telephone nego- 
tiations. with Mr X for his 
brother’s release. "Straight 
away, I told him that I was not 
ready to discuss any ransom 
demand. But after a few days, 
when I was convinced that my 
brother’s life was in danger. I 
derided to bargain with Mr X." 
A demand for £50 million was 
bargained down to S3 million. 

"Of course, I thought it could 
be a political kidnapping, but 
after a time I believed the 
kidnappers were just after the 
money. They are a group of 
criminals, who did it for the 
money not for political 

He praised the police for their 
handling of thbe affair, which 
was subject to an agreed news 
blackout, and also thanked the 
media for thdreodperation. 

Test tube triplets Nourah (left),- Khalil and Khaled celebrate their second birthday today. The triplets, claimed by 
Professor Ian Croft, of the Cromwell Hospital, London, to be Britain's first, were born to Mrs Anne Maaye who had 
. waited more than 10 years to have children (Photograph: Snresh Karadia). 

Five men face charges 
of organizing dog fight 

Five men appeared in court 
at Dewsbury, West Yorkshire, 
today in connection with an 
organized dog fight on the 
outskirts of the town. 

The police discovered the 
fighting arena, along with a 
white bucket containing a 
mixture of dogs’ blood and 
water, weighing scales, and other 
paraphernalia used .for dog 
baiting after a man reported 
what he thought was a child’s 
cry. Mr < John Davison said. 

Ian Glover, aged 32, of Fir Street, 
Nelson, Lancashire, and Trevor 
Fryer, aged 37, of Towogate Road, 

Baiely, West Yorkshire, pleaded not 
guilty to procuring or assisting a dbg 
fight at Dewsbury on September 8 
Iasi year. 

. Steven Harrison, aged 34; of 
Cutler Place. Bradford, and Richard 
Brearey, aged 41, of High Street, 
Dewsbury, also pleaded not guilty to- 
causing unnecessary suffering to two 
dogs by omitting to attempt to stop 
an. organized fight between them. 
Glyn Jones, aged 26. ofWestminster 
Avenue, Royton, Oldham, who is 

accused a f p ra wn ing nr assisting at n 

dog fight, ehangad Ut plea from not 

The case was adjourned until 

Prison oversight means 
Blandford misses hearing 

An administrative oversight 
at PentonviiJe prison meant 
that Lord Blandford, aged 30. 
son of the Duke of Marlbo- 
rough, could not be produced 
for a court hearing yesterday. 

He was remanded, .in his 
absence, by magistrates at 
Maryleboue court, central 
London, on a charge of 
conspiring to supply cocaine. 

Lord Blandford, who gave 
Blenheim Palace, Woodstock. 
Oxfordshire, as his address, was 
represented by Mr James 
Rankin, who agreed to a 
remand in his absence. 

Mr Geoffrey NoeU the magis- 
trate, renewed Lord Blandford’s 
bail of £10,000 until February 
10. Two co-defendants, George 
Yiannakakais, aged 33, of 
Lower Sloane Street, Chelsea, 
south-west London, and Law- 
rence Zephyr, aged 53, ofl 
Ashmore Road, Maida Vale, 
west London, who appeared in 
court, were remanded in cus- 
tody to the same date. 

All three are charged, with 
two others previously granted 
£1.500 bail, with conspiring to 
contravene the Misuse of Drugs 
Act, 1971 

over mental 

By Marjorie Wallace' 

The deaths of schizophrenics 
who commit suicide are being 
recorded as accidental deaths or 
■misadventure because o f c or- 
oners* reluctance to return 
jpiiHHi? -verdicts. Dr Martin 
Weller, a leading psychiatrist 
said yesterday. 

Evidence that coroners are : 
reluctant to return suicide 
verdicts has been collected by 
The Times and Central Tele- 
vision, whose Zero Options, the 
first of two programmes on 
schizophrenia, is broadcast 

The programme claims that 
one in 10 schizophrenia suf- 
ferers will commit suicide. 

Dr Weller, a consultant 
psychiatrist- to Friern Barnet 
and two other north London 
hospitals, has carried out 
research showing that the 
suicide rate is 17 times higher in 
schizophrenics than the popu- 
lation as a whole, and higher 
still among those who have just 
been discharged from hospital. 

"There is a reluctance by 
coroners to record a verdict of 
suicide," he said. *‘I had one 
schizophrenic patient who 
jumped from a high building. 

His death was recorded as 

Mr David Lyne, dirctor of 
the North-West Fellowship for 
schizophrenia said; "Last year 
IS of the schizophrenia suf- 
ferers from the 100 or so 1 know 
com minted suicide. Nine of 
them died by walking in front of 
a train or by lying on the 
railway line”. 

According to the programme, 
James Andrews, aged 23. threw 
himself under a train in 
Hertfordshire after two pre- 
vious attempts to take his own 
life, but the verdict of accidental 
death was recorded. 

The programme also exam- •» 
ines the failure of community Z 

care to meet patients needs. 
"Community care is an empty r 
shell," Dr Michael Tareh, 
consultant psychiatrist at Prest- •«. 
wich Hospital, Manchester, said 


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Tunnel decision • Hearings for protesters • White Paper soon 

MPs voice reservations 


The announcement of the proposed 
Channel tunnel received a mixed 
reaction from MPs when Mr 
Nicholas Ridley, Secretary of State 
for Transport, made a statement in 
ine Commons about the Lille 

Some MPs saw it as an 
opportunity for the creation of jobs, 
particularly Kent Others saw it as 
drawing work and jobs away from 
the north and Scotland. One spoke 
of widening the north-south divide. 
Mr Ridley said the Cabinet was 
united in the decision to have a 
twin-bore rail link. 

He said a White paper would be 
published shortly and a hybrid Bill 
introduced allowing interested 
parties to make representation m 
MPs and peers. A special committee 
would be esiablished to consider 
points of local concern and 


Mr Ridley sai± The Prime Minister 
and the President of France, 
meeting earlier today in Lille, 
announced the decision of the two 
Governments 10 lake together the 
ncecessary steps to facilitate the 
construction of a fixed link across 
the Channel by the Channel Tunnel 

We will publish as soon as 
possible a White Paper that will give 
the full reasons for this decision. It 
"ill also chart the next steps to give 
effect to that decision, the treaty, the 
concession agreement, and the 

The two Governments were faced 
with four proposals of outstanding 
quality which reflect great credit on 
the firms involved. It is remarkable 
that such keen competition could 
develop to provide and finance 
privately a project of this magni- 
tude. The key factors that fed the 
Government to select the Channel 
Tunnel Group were as follows. 

Eurobridge was eliminated largely 
on technical grounds. It is an 
imaginative and forward-looking 
proposal. But the technical risks 
make it too speculative for the two 
Governments to believe it was likely 
to be financed and successfully 

The choice between Channel 
Tunnel Group, Channel Expressway 
and Euro Route was more difficult 
They differ widely as to their 
technical characteristics, impact on 
the environment, effect upon 
shipping, and vulnerability to 
terrorist attack - all factors in the 

The invitation to promoters 
made clear that any fixed link had to 
be financed, constructed and 
operated without support from 
public funds, and without govern- 
ment guarantees against technical 
and commercial risks. 

It is thus for investors ultimately 
to determine whether a fixed link is 
built. The Governments had to try 
and select the scheme which offered 
the best prospects of attracting 
■nxesiors* support. 

Both EuroRouie and Channel 
Expressway answer the popular 
desire to drive from one country to 
the other with the independence and 
freedom ofa drive-through link. But 
both have large technical risks. 

CTG's is a well developed 
project, relying on well proven 
technology and is both less risky, 
and less expensive. It offers a fast 
and efficient rail shuttle service, for 
road passengers and freight with 
very frequent departures and no 

It presents no problems to 
maritime traffic in the Channel and 
is the least vulnerable to terrorist 
attack. Its environmental impact 
can be reduced to an acceptable 
level. The Government concluded 
that CTG was the best scheme to go 
forward to the market. 

The Government remains very 
much aware of the arguments that 
the public would like a drive- 
through link. In due course the 
conditions may arise when a drive- 
through (ink would be viable. 

We have therefore secured an 
undertaking from the CTG that they 
will put forward by the year 2000 a 
proposal for a drive-through link, to 
be undertaken as soon as its 
technical feasibility is assured, and 
economic circumstances and the 
growth of traffic allow it to be 
financed without undermining the 
return on the original link. 

At a later stage, the Governments 
will be free to invite competitive 
bids for a further link coming into 
opertion not before 2020- 

I expect the signature of the 
Anglo-French treaty to take place in 
February and the concession 
agreement between the Govern- 
ments and the Channel Tunnel 
Group to be concluded shortly 
thereafter. The legislation will then 
be introduced into this House as 
soon as possible. Construction 
could began by summer 1987. 

Consultations in Kent have so far 
focussed on the question of which 
scheme the government should 
adopt- We must now concentrate 
upon making the chosen scheme as 
acceptable as possible. We will want 
to minimize the environmental 

impact, and to consider carefully the 
employment consequences of this' 
development, we will be sympath- 
etic if problems seem likely to arise 
in east Kent when the link opens 
some seven years from now. 

We must arrive at satisfactory 
arrangements with the promoters 
for the disposal of spoil and bn 
other environmental matters and we 
will ensure that the necessary road 
infrastructure is provided. The 
White Paper will deal with these 

The Channel Tunnel is a massive 
and difficult project. It will be a 
challenge to our engineers, our 
technicians and our financial 
institutions. Equally I beleive it will 
be of great benefit to travellers and 
exporters alike in giving them 
cheaper, quicker and more reliable 
access to the continent of Europe. 

Mr Robert Hughes, Chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on transport, said 
the Government, in rushing this 
decision through on such a tight 
timescale Mr Ridley had broken his 
promise that he would publish a 
White Paper on the day the decision 
was annnounccd. 

1 suspect (he added > this will not 
be the last of his broken promises. 

What guarantee had Mr Ridley 
that the British share of construc- 
tion costs would be spent on British 
goods and that British labour would 
be employed on the project? Would 
Mr Ridley produce an investment 
plan in conjunction with British 
Rail so that BR could maximise the 

speed trains the figure will be about 
£390 million. 

There will be further investment 
in the shuttle rail equipment which 
will be undertakes] by the CTG itsdf 
so there arc some tags orders. It 
opens up great new opportunities 
for ibe railway system? extending 
right from the north of our country 
into the farthest comers of Europe. 

He hoped the select committee On 
the hybrid Bill would be prepared to 
travel and hear evidence in the 
affected area of Kent. 

Mr Peter R«s (Dover, C} : His 
statement will not allay the deep 
and legitimate concern in cast Kent 
about the implcations of a fixed 
link, will he recognize the need for 
close and continuing consultation 
with local interests likely to be 

Will there be a proper and 
continuing role for the ferries and 
the pons of Dover and Folkestone? 

Can he assure the House that any 
extra economic activity generated 
by a fixed link will be retained in 
cast Kent and not drawn to north- 
west France? 

Mr Ridley: He has made clear the 
views and fears of constituents 
along the south-east coast of Kent. 
In the light of represen lari on s. 1 
have decided to set up a joint 
committee of officials and local 
authority representatives from the 
area and the promoters which Mr 
David MizcheU, Under Secretary of 
State for Transport will chair to go 
into all the points of local concern 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher handing her pen to President 
Mitterrand as they sign the city of Lille's guest book after 
announcing the Anglo-French agreement to build a 
Channel tunnel. 

Spectrum, page 14 

opportunities that the link may 

Mr Ridley: 1 am nol clear if Mr 
Hughes is in favour of the link or 
not. 1 will publish the While Paper 
giving the mass of the information 
required. I hope within a week or 
soon after that. 

Objectors to the scheme would be 
able Lo present their case as 
petitioners before the select com- 

A good deal has been done 
between British and French railways 
and between them and the 
promoters which will bring large 
scale orders of rolling stock. I am 
sure that all those concerned on the 
British side will do their utmost to 
provide as many jobs on this side of 
the Channel as they can. 

Mr Stephen Ross (Isle of Wight. Lk 
We welcome the decision. The 
environmental impact can be cut to 
a suitable level only if British Rail 
have adequate capital resources lo 
make full use or the whole network. 
Will Mr Ridley persuade the select 
committee to hold hearings in 
Dover or Folkestone or both 
because local people should be able 
to make their views heard? 

British Rail will require massive 
investment. If there are conven- 
tional speed trains it wii] be about 
£290 million, but if there are high 

and difficulty in the hope of 
improving the impact of the scheme 
both on the environment and the 
economics of the area affected. 

1 cannot accurately forecast the 
effect on the femes and ports but I 
believe there will be a continuing 
role even after the link has been 
opened. Dover has the whole of the 
longer distance routes as wHl as the 
short sea routes. 

Growth in traffic is expected to be 
very great and I am sure the ferries , 
will have a 'share of that. I am 
certain that many people would 
prefer to choose one mode of 
transport rather than another. 

I believe that this huge new artery 
when opened will take an immense 
amount of passengers as well as 
trade betrween the Continent and 
this country' and will act as a sort of 
magnet for new development and 
investment. If the planning policies 
of local authorities are rightly 
handled, great opportunities for 
extra development could take place 
in the cast Kent area. 

Mr Donal Stewart (Western Isles. 
SNPj: Some of us will see this 
proposal as the biggest election 
bribe in history. 

Mr Ridley: There is great benefit to 
constituents throughout the coun- 
try. These are not Government 
funds which could be spent tn some 

other direction. A lot of this money 
is international money, a lot of it is 
in capita) which only goes to 
projects which it chooses and 
cannot be directed elsewhere. 

Mr David Howell (Guildford, Q, a 
former Secretary of State for 
Transport, said the Government 
had made far the best and most 
sensible choice. 

This is the one scheme (he went 
on) which ensured that then: will be 
a substantial growth of the traffic 
still going to the ferry operators. 
Would he say a word about plans for 
stream lining Customs and Immi- 
gration, particularly the possibility 
of on- train Customs handling? 

Mr Ridley: I welcome his support. 
With this particular choice the 
opportunities for continuing ferry 
operations are very great, although 
it is difficult to be specific about the 
precise amount of that. 

On Customs and immigration, we 
arc working hard and still hope to 
find ways of improving the service 
through the link: but we will have to 
have both Customs and immi- 
gration for many reasons, including 
the prevention of disease and plant 
and animals coming through the 
link. There will have to be some 

2 am keen that there should not be a 
special arrangement for the through 
trains through the link which would 
be competitively disadvantageous 
to Uie ferries or other forms of 

Mr Gordon Bigler (Sunderland 
South. Lab), chairman of the 
Transport Select Committee, con- 
gratulated Mr Ridley on following 
its guidance and on disagreeing with 
the Prime Minister in her reported 
preference for another scheme. 

Mr Ridley replied that it had been a 
troubled time for the press because 
they could not find out what was 
happening. Some of the stories 
which had appeared had been 
misleading and untrue. The whole 
Government was united over the 

Sir Julian RidsdsLe (Harwich. Ck 
Mr Ridley's optimism about the 
future of the ferries is not shared by 
some of the ferry operators. 

Mr Ridley: 1 know some of the ferry 
operators are more pessimistic than 
I have been about their prospects. It 
will be seven or eight, years before 
any Knk is opened and die massive 
growth in traffic which should be 
generated will bring them consider- 
able extra business in the meantime.. 
Mr David Crouch (Canterbury, Q 
asked if Mr Ridley was aware of 
how bitter the opposition was in 
east Kent Although he had 
supported the proposal on national 
grounds, he was quite unable to 
carry his constituents. If Mr Ridley, 
could offer them consultations with 
his officials they would fee] they 
were being heard. 

Mr Ridley agreed there was still 
much apprehension in east Kent 
His department would be undertak- 
ing a major consultative programme 
in the area. The procedure of the 
Bill would allow anybody to make 
re presentations. 

Mr Bruce Miltat (Glasgow Govau. 
Lab): This will suck further 
economic activity into southern 
England, the last place that needs it. 
It is just another project that will 
widen the north-south divide. 

Mr Ridley said the order for rolling 
stock and other manufacturing work 
*ould benefit the whole country. 
Cheapening and quickening of 
exports and imports would improve 

Mr Roland Boyes (Houghton and 
Washington. Labi said instead of 
spending billions digging a hole in 
the ground the money should be 
used lo encourage building of 
houses, hospitals and schools. 

Mr Jonathan AHken (Than el South. 
C) said the Government had not 
achieved the winner Mr Ridley 
wanted. It was game, set and match 
.to the French- The Bill laced an 
uphill struggle through the House. 
Parliament would serutini* the 
project thoroughly and defend the 
interests of Britain and the public. 
Mr Ridley said negotiations, were 
quite hard at tiroes. There were a 
number of matters where Britain got 
what it wanted. Not everything in 
the newspapers on the matter bad 
been accurate. 

The Bill would need more than a 
year to pass through Parliament, so 
there would be ample time, for frill 

Mr Andrew Fanlds fWariey East, 
Lab), asked what had possessed the 
Government to allow an expensive, 
unnecessary and vulnerable project 
to go ahead, except as an electoral 
stunt on both sides of the Channel, 
without a public inquiry and with 
damaging regional implications. 

Mr Ridley said the project sprang 
from a desire for better communi- 
cation links with the Continent. It 
would be foolish for any Govern- 
ment to frusta re that when it would 
not cost any public money. The 
House had debated, on an 
Opposition motion, whether there 
should be a public inquiry. The 
motion had been rejected, rightly, in 
his view. 

^Businesses ' 
urged to 
support arts 
and charities 


The Government wants to see 
everything possible done to persuade 
business to support' the am. and 
charitable bodies, Mr Rfebxrd Luce, 
Minister for the Arts, said, during 
question time id the Commons. 

He said that the Government bad 
already reduced the rates of 
personal and corporate taxation and 
those of capital transfer lax. Gifts 
for charities benefited from that 
and the Government would continue 
to look for improvement. 

Mr Harvey Proctor (BUIerfeay, Cj: 
Has tiw minister seen the article in 
The Timer beaded ‘‘Charity aid tax 
scheme proposed 7 ? Wifi he make 
strong representations to the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer in 
support of the measures set down 

Mr Luce: X ; have‘ seen the piece in 
The Time*. That is principally a 
matter for the Chancellor out this 
Government has already done a 
great deal to encourage giving to 
charitable bodies. Everything poss- 
ible should be done to improve it still 

Mr Tun Rathboae (Lewes, Q: 
There is agreement across the Door 
of (be House, among all parties, and 
throughout the arts world, that the 
future of our arts and architectural 
heritage rests on charitable giving 
being made tax-ded octuWe on the 
lines suggested In that article. Will 
be encourage the Chancellor in that 

Mr Luce: 1 wont to see everything 
done to improve encouragement for 
arts bodies. - 

Mr Peter Hardy (Wentworth. Lab): 
While support will always be 
welcome, in those areas where 
business is struggling to survive or 
may already hare disappeared, it 
would be harmful tor too much to be 
expected of them. 

Will he be careful to avoid being 
divisive or dangerous in a regional 

Mr Luce: l want to see as much 
support for art In all areas, and all 
regions, including the north. £t is up 
to businesses to decide whether they 
can make co n trib u tions, but they 
must always remember that they can 
offset the expenditure for tax 
purposes if. it can be charatcrlzed as 
marketing andndvertising. -. 1 

Mr Patrick Conns ck (Sooth 

Staffordshire; Ck Has be made any 
progress in convincing the Chancel- 
lor of the importance of select 
committee report on the subject? 

Mr Lace: I know Mr Cornuck's 
strength of view; he played a leading 
part in that select committee. This is 
a matter principally for the 
Chancellor, but the Government is 
committed to improving incentives 
for gifts for arts and charitable 

Church to ask 
shops about 
Sunday trading 


The Church Commissioners are 
asking the retail companies in which 
they are shareholders how they feel 
about Sunday trading and drawing 
their attention to the General 
Synod's opposition to it. Sir William 
van Straubenzee, Second Church 
Estates Commissioner' (Woking- 
ham, CL said when answering 
questions in the Commons. 

Mr Peter Bruinvels (Leicester East, 
O said h was important that the 
Commissioners bore the Synod's 
view in mind or they might be 
considered hypocritical because of 
their £240 million investment in 
shopping precincts in Gateshead. 
Ipswich and Glasgow and in many 
companies which wanted to open on 
Sundays tike Habitat and British 
Home Stores. 

A total of 16,292 people had 
written to the Home Secretary (Mr 
Douglas Hurd) expressing concern 
about Sunday trading and only 27 
had favoured ft. 

Sir William van Straubenzee: I am 
aware of the immense strength of 
feeling on this issue. The architect of 
this Bill was the previous Home 
Secretary (Mr Leon Brittain); I 
think it was a disastrous misjudge- 

Mr Keith Best fYnys Mon, Q: In 
the American mid-west and in 
Scotland there has been Sunday 
trading for some time and people 
there are not noticeably Irreligious. 

Sir WOtiam van Straubenzee: in 
Scotland the situation will be 
dramatically different If there is no 
restriction of any Kind in England. 

Protests to minister 
from Conservative 

shire counties 


The Government is to consider 
whether to continue with the 
■present resources equalization 
■system which transfen about £1.000 
i&iQion a year from. London and the 
■South-East -to 'the rest of the 
country, Mr Kenneth Baker, 
Secretary of State for the Environ- 
ment, said in the Commons. 

Mr Baker, commending the rale 
support grant settlement for Eng- 
land, was interrupted several times 
by Conservative MPs questioning 
the Government’s proposals. He 
said that be would be publishing a 
green paper on local government 
finance and resource equalization. 

He was cheered by Conservative 
MPs when he said that some shire 
counties felt they bad more than 
played their part in restraint, .and 
some indeed, had, but -on average 
shire counties had increased 
spending by 5 per cent in real terms 
since 1978-79 and only seven had 
cut . current spending over that 
period. They had, hoWeycr, behaved 
much better than Labour-controlled 
local authorities. ..... 

. He explained that, under the new 
system, the grant. that would be lost 
by the high spenders would form a 
pool which would be re-cycled to 
local authorities. 

If traditional low spenders could 
keep their speeding right down add 
if the high spending Labour 
authorities could not break the habit 
of a lifetime and spent up as usual, 
substantial amounts of grant would 
flaw back to the low spenders. 

From the picture that was 
emerging of budgets for next year he 
had little doubt that there would be 
significant extra gram available 
from this source. He could not 
estimate the figure precisely, but he 
had examplified the effect of a pool 
of £400 m which was a little [ess than 
holdback this year. 

If such a pool existed it would be 
distributed on an equal poundage 
basis. This would mean that 
Bedfordshire could get an extra 
£4Vjra. Buckinghamshire nearly 
£6m.'CambridgesIrirejust over £5m, 
Devon nearly £7m. Dorset £Sm, 
East Sussex neatly £6m, Essex 
£l34Am, Hampshire over £12m,- 
H ere ford and Worcester over £5m, 
Hertfordshire nearly £9 Vim. Kent 
over- £14 m, -Norfolk over £5 Vim, 
Lincolnshire. £3.7m, Staffordshire 
over. £7m, "Suffolk over £4 Vim. 

when they freed pay aetdeteents of 7 
to 9 per cent. He had fold them that 
if they made settlements, such as 8.2 
per cent for the manual workers, 
then they should not dome and ask 
the . Government to make -up . the 
difference. (Labour protests). 

Mr Douglas Hogg (Grantham, Q 
said the basic assumption of wage 
settlements of 3.5 per cent was 
simply unrealistic. 

Mr Baker said there might be extra 
grant in 4986-87 to meet extra wage 

The most important figure of the 
settlement neat year - was the 
abolition of targets. However, he 
accepted. . some - authorities were 
disappointed that there was still 
strong pressures * for restituting 
spending through the new system. 
The new slopes meant that as 
authorities spent, more, they 
received less grant. ' 

Hung councils meant high 
spending councils and high spend- 
ing; councils meant high rates. 

He appreciated that shire' coun- 
ties had suffered a disproportionate 
loss of grant. One of the foundation 
stones of the rate support gram 
system, which had been in place 
since 1929, was called resources 
equalization. This was the reason 
that something like £1 billion a year 

was transferred through the grant 
: South 

Surrey West Sussex over 

ind Wiltshli 

£6m and Wiltshire over £3 Vim. 

I warn to stress (he said) that I 
cannot guarantee that, this "extra 
grant will be available since it will 
depend • upon the extent of the 

Earlier Mr Baker said the amount 
of gram which the Exchequer the 
taxpayer : would - pay to local 
authorities next year was £11,8 
billion, the same as - had been 
announced a year ago for the 
current year. It was, however. £400 
million more than they expected to ■ 
pay out because of. penalty 
holdback. It meant that next year 
the Exchequfcr would' be funding 
about 46.5, per cent of local 

His predecessor Mr Patrick 
Jenkin had annodneed that the 
Government was providing for 
£22,250 million of local authority 
spending next year, nearly £1.000 
million mare than had been 
provided for the current year. 

I am sorry to say (he went on) 
that many local authorities appear 
lo be ignoring the advice about 
budgeting which my predecessor 
issued then and. largely as a result, 
they are now predicting large rate 

He had received several del- 
egations recently who argued that 
the Government was only prepared 
to fund wage rises of 3.5 per cent 

system from London and the 
East to the rest of the country. 

When the block gram available 
was reduced aft authorities lost a 
common rate poundage amount of 
grant. This loss was greater in cash 
for higher rateable value authoriies 
like the Home Counties. 

Next week (be said) 1 will be 
bringing out a Green Paper on local 
government finance and it will raise 
foe issue of resource equalization. In 
the consultation period. MPs and 
interest outside would be able to 
comment on this. 

Resources equalization was cen- 
tral to the gram sysem and the 
question was whether it should 
continue at . all. continue at its 
present level or at a lover level as a 
less significant feature of the new 

. High levels of social deprivation, 
many single parent families, pockets 
of poverty, unemployment in some 
inner cities brought acute problems. 
These problems needed extra 
respources. - 

Faced with these problems the 
said) no Secretary of State can pass 
by on the other side. Some say that' 
whilst they recognize the needs of 
the towns and cities, they schould be 
met .from . resources other than 
through the' rating system. But if 
more'resources are to be found they 
had to be found from the ratepayer 
or taxpayer. They could not come 
from anywhere else; 1 steadfastly 
defend this policy. 

Dr John Cunningham, chief Oppo- 
sition. spokesman on the environ- 
ment, said from the omset'of the 
Conservative period of office, there 
had been - and remained'- massive 
internal' conflict*' iur'llferi bean of. 
local* government policy. At the- 
centre ef . the -policy .was the 
consistent, and systematic reduction 
in rate .support grant year on year. 
This coming financial year was no 

The Opposition rejected the 
principle -of taking more resources 
away from rural areas to transfer to 
the- cities, and- ft rejected, the 
implication that urban communities 
cojild only be helped a t the expense 
of 'rural areas, where deprivation 
could often be equally serious -and . 
service provision totally inadequate. 

Parliament today 

Caramons (2.30):. Atomic Energy 
Authority BUI, second reading. Drug 
Trafficking Bill, second reading. 
Cnrda (2130); Shops Bin, committee, 
third day. 

Attracting investment 


Mr Nicholas Edwards, Secretary of 
State for Wale^ denied in Com- 
mons question time exchanges that 
Government policies were murder- 
ing Wales. That' contention was 

levelled by Mr Roy Hughes, an 
. who main- 

Opposition spokesman, 
tained that either Government 
policies should be changed or Mr 
Edwards get out. 

Mr Edwards pointed out that there 
had been a high level of inward 
investment enjoyed by Wales and 
more than two million sq ft of 
Government factory space allo- 
cated. near to. being an all-time 
record. ... 

Sir Raymond Cower (Vale of 
Glamorgan, Q: Whilst unemploy- 
ment is a continuing cause of 
concern for an of us, industry in 

Wales, and in the rest of the United 
Kingdom, has . an .unparalleled 
opportunity for expansion under 
present conditions. 

Mr Edwards: There is a great deal of 
industrial investment at present and 
the allocation of factory spaces is at 
or hear record levels'', we continue 
to secure a high pro p o rtion of 
inward' investment from 'overseas 
and there is a greater diversity in the 
Welsh economy today . than for 
many decades, probably in this 

• The coal industry in Wales had 
lost wefi over £600 million 'unce the 
Conservatives came to. power in 
1979. Mr Edwards, said during 

other questions. • Investment total- 

ling £50 million bad been an- 
nounced this year arid the National 
Cod Board expected to spend £45 
million in the next financial year. 

Chancery Division 

Law Report January 21 1986 

Divisional Court 

Capital payment on winding up trust is taxable 

ray (Inspector of Taxes) v Best 
rfore Mr Justice Walton 
udgment delivered January 20] 
Capital payments made on the 
inding-up of two company funds 
one of its long-standing 
nployees after the termination of 
s employment with that company 
Ere emoluments of that employ- 
ed and chargeable to income tax. 
[oteover those emoluments had to 
; deemed io have been earned by- 
at employee while he was 
nployed and thus had to be 
tributed to some year or years of 
sessmcni during the period of His 

Mr Justice Walton so held m a 
served judgment, allowing an 

jpeal by the Crown from the 
’termination of a single special 
xnmissioncr in favour of the 
x payer, Mr Peter Morris BcsL 
Mr Charles Potter. QC and Mr 
[ichael Hart for the Crown; Mr 
avid B rah am. QC and Mr Richard 
ramweil for the taxpayer. 

at in 1957 A. Gallenkamp and Co 
td established a scheme to enable 
ustecs to purchase shares in that 
impaity for the benefit of its 
nployees and for that purpose the 
>mpany from time to time 
ivanced moneys to the trustees. 

In 1979 the relevant trust deeds 
ere varied at a time when the 
jmpany had become a wholly 
*ned subsidiary of Fisons pic and 
ie employees of the company were 
x>ut to become employees of 
isons instead. 

On March 29. 1979 the Inis lees 
directed that the trust period should 
cease forthwith and that out of ibe 
terminal fund there should be 
allocated to each eligible employee 
an appropriate capital sum. Thus it 
was that the taxpayer - an employee 
of the company from I95S until the 
time of its takeover - became 
entitled to sums of £11.533 and 

The cose raised the question 
whether those sums were taxable in 
his hands and if so. in' respect of 
what year or years of assessment. 

The taxpayer had appealed to the 
special commissioner against assess- 
ments. or further assessments, to 
income tax all of which were made 
on March 4, 1983 under the 
provision or secuon 35 of the Taxes 
Management Act 1970, 1; had been 
held (ij that the sums to which he 
became so entitled were indeed 
emoluments of his employment 
with the company, but (ii) that such 
emoluments could not be attributed 
to any one or more years of 
assessment, and so were not 
emoluments for any chargeable 

As to whether the payments were 
emoluments from the taxpayer's 
employment, there could be no 
question but that that was a matter 
of fact on which the commissioner’s 
decision was final unless, in 
accordance with Edward v Bairsiow 
([1956] AC 14) the true and only 
possible conclusion from the 
primary facts found by the 
commissioner was to the contrary. 

Mr Braham attempted to dis- 
charge that anus by pointing to 
various cases in which it had been 
held that payments made to a 
person after he had ceased to hold 
office or employment had not been 
emoluments of that former employ- 
ment (Siedeford v Beioe ([1932] AC 
388) and Bernon r Thorpe (11928) 
14 TC IJ). 

One got little help from those 
cases. The taxpayer had not shown 
any reason for upsetting the 
coramisonef’s conclusion on that 
point. Indeed had the converse 
conclusion been reached by him it 
could not have been upheld 

Given then that the payments 
were emoluments arising from the 
employment, was it possible to 
attribute a year or years of 
assessment to them? The com- 
missioner decided in the negative 

and one had sympathy with him in 
that conclusion- But Mr Potter’s 
simple submission that that con- 
clusion was logically indefensible 
was wholly convincing. 

If emoluments were paid for 
service as an employee, they had to 
have been paid in respect of some 
period of service - whether that be a, 
defines bit special period or whether 
the payments were to be regarded as 
spread over the whole of the period 
of service of the employee. 

It was. having regard iff the facts,, 
extremely difficult to say in. respect 
of precisely what period .of service 
the payments were made: but that 
they had to be attributed to some 
period was inescapable. 

The commissioner regarded the 
difficulty of apportionment as being 
conclusive. That was not correct. 
The matter was a question of fact. 

The case disclosed that * the 
trustees effected' an apportionment 
between employees that they 
’ considered fair. 

There was a considerable case for 
saying that any extra remuneration 
should bear a constant ratio to an 
employees -salary, throughout the 
relevant period, ■ whatever that 
turned out to he., with consideration' 
-.being .given to the' 1 effects of 
" inflation. 

TKe case would be remitted to the 
commissioner' to deride, ioaccocd- 
. ance with the- guidance given in the 
! judgment, over what - period the 
additional emoluments, had "been, 
deemed to have been earned and 
how they were to be apportioned 
over the various financial years in 
that period. 

Solicitors: Solicitor of Inland 
Revenue: Penningtons. . 

Time limit on giving 
name of driver 

Lowe v Lester 

• It was the duty of the registered 
owner or keeper of -a motor vehicle 
' to. < pro vide information: as to the 
identity of the driver forthwith or 
-within a reasonable time where be 
bad been served with a. notice-under 
section S5<^). of : the -JRoad. Traffic 
Regulation Act 1967,. in .respect of 
an excess charge 'incurred by the 
driver br .foe vehicle at h. car. park, 
foe excess, charge not .having- been 
paid within the specified period.' 

to make further inquiries before the 
information could be ia«i- 
Ih the present cage, the prosecut- 
ing authority had requested that the 
information be supplied within 14 
days and die justices had rightly 
regarded that as reasonable. 


‘Within’ can mean end of period 

Manorlike Ltd v Le Vitas 
Travel Agency and Consultative 
Services Ltd 

A notice to quit requiring foe 
tenants to vacate commercial 
premises “within a period of three 
months from the date of service" 
did not necessarily require them to 
vacate before the final moment of 
that period, and such a notice was 
not therefore inconsistent with a 
clause in the lease specifying, “not 
less than three months previous 
notice in writing". 

The Court of Appeal (Lord 
Jusuce Kerr. Lord Justice Noun* 
and Lord Justice Bakombe) so held 
on January 1 6, dismissing an appeal 
by foe defendants from Mr John 
Peppitt, QC, sitting as a deputy 
High Court judge in chambers on 
December 1 7. 1985. who granted an 
order for possession in favour of the 

as worded the notice to quit clearly 
permitted the tenants to remain ia 

occupation up to the stroke of 
midnight on the final day of the 
three-month period. The word 
"within" in the context of a period 
of time was capable of meaning 
either before or at the end of that 

Although a notice to quit was an. 
important legal document which 
had to be strictly construed, his 
Lordship could not bring himself to 
say there was any difference 
between ibe requirement under foe 
lease and the words in die notice. 

The Queen's Bench Divisional 
Court (Lord Justice Lloyd and Mr 
Justice Skinner) so held on January 
1 5 when dismissing the defendant’s 
appeal against the decision of 
WaDington Justices on March 7, 
198S. when they convicted him of 
an offence of failing to supply the 
required information, cont rar y to 
section 85(3). 

In jR v Hallstrom and Another. Ex 
parted {The Times December 28) a 
not was omitted from the end of 
the second paragraph oF the report 
which should have read “ , , there- 
fore, a doctor’s report . . . iV.« > a 
patient . . . should receive further 
medicine despite his lack of consent 
and font tbit should not be 

. . — “ UUl DC 

a dmini stered m the hospital was 
unlawhiL” • 

that the justices had been right to 
conclude that although foe 1967 Act. 
did not prescribe a tune Emit in 
which the. information had to be 
provided, foe requirement had. to be 
complied wfth 'forthwith or as soon 
as reasonably practicable 

*Jtaaaon to hospital so that she 
"for one . “S* 11 thereafter 

fssssi si 

It -was dear that the information- 
requested had to be given quickly; if' 
foe owner of tbe vehicle was not the 
driver the prosecution would have' 

jjSM &MC Uy Council, Ex 

council QC 

*nd Mr Dunam 

How relevant is all rite tali 
about anti-Americanism in tfe 
Westland fracas? That has nun 
.become one of tbe principal 
points at issue after Mr Lew 
Britton’s explanations of hu, 
conversations with Sir Join 
Cockney and Mr Prior. 

Mr Brittan claimed fo hj, 
television interview with Mr 
Brian Walden on Weekend 
World that the tone of fog 
debate on Westland might 
increase the danger of the 
-European Airbus being banned J'-' 
in the United States. . = j ■f' 

A careful reading of (he 
transcript makes it dear that 
Mr Brittan was not' suggesting 
a direct connection, with the 
LIS threatening to prohibit 
-imports of the Airbus unle& 
Britain behaved itself on 
Westland. It was rather thrit 
reports of the Westland debate 

Brittan’ s anxieties 
not groundless ’ 

might create a climate 0 
opinion in the US in which it 
lvonld be more difficult to 
overcome objections' ' to foe 
Airbus that' have nothing to .do 
with; Westland. 

A number of telephone eaflt 
to Washington have been 
sufficient to convince me thpj 
Mr Brittain's anxieties on 
score are not groundless, Tbe 
American Emtasgy in London 
seems to have been at pains jn 
keep the temperature down on 
both sides of the Atlantic. But 

influential sections of American' 

r r ’ 



opinion could be influenced 
an impression that the Eun£ 
peans were once again indnl- , 
ging. in anti-American preju-®** 

Would this be fair? In one 
sense there can be no doubt 
that the- campaign for the 
European option, is anti: Ameri- 
can. It is. based on the 
proposition that it is in the 
long-term interests of British 
and European defence indus- 
tries to resist- the entry of ao 
American company Into the 
British helicopter industry. ... 

Bar before labelling that ajj 
Crude , anti-Americanism ,i & 
.Would be wise to rake account 
b f Mr Heseltine's argument jn 
the Commons last Wednesday 
that . it is in the long-term 
interest of the Atlantic Alliance 
as a whole to build up thq 
strength of European defence 
industries. ■*' 

There cannot be an effective 
two-way street with Goliath at 
one end and pygmies at 
other - especially if it $ 
thought that Goliath is using 
his strength to stop thy 
pygmies from growing. f 

The usual arguments ra 
favour of market forces are le^ 
persuasive in defence procure- 
ment because it is widely 
believed in Europe even by, 
ardent supporters of the A" 
tic Alliance, that ' the 
Government uses its 
ing power in this field to 
prevent fair competition in the 
American market.' ' 


Collaboration in 
Europe necessary 


i*i ■■ • 


It would therefore be quit* 
wrong to stigmatize collabora- 
tion between European defeats 
industries as an anti-Amenffiji 
activity. It deserves to : t* 
encouraged as a necessary 
contribution to the strength « 
the Alliance. But there are tm 
features of the Westiasd 
dispute that are grounds ft* 
legitimate anxiety. 

The recommendation h*® 
the national armaments direc- 
tors of Britain, France, :West 
Germany and Italy went 
beyond encouraging collabora- 
tion and synchrmusihg natioim 
requirements for military h® 1 ' 
copters. It also proposed Am 
those requirements, should^ 
met solely by helicopters bn® 
and designed in Edrppe: V. 

That seems to me to began# 
too far in the direction.® 
protectionism. It would rifle w 
the Sikorsky option, bnt that 
is no reason to believe tbidf 
would be essential •• for “? 
European option. . ’ - - 'j 

The British Government *r 
rejected the directorsV 
ommendatron, for the/ ®? . .. 

being at least. If the Earop^a 

consortium wins inihe h „ : 

Government would h***-?? 
reconsider. It probably wtin^ 
and certainly should, tryj£ 
modify the objectionably 
tectionist part of that aff^" 
mem.,.'. ... 

The other cause, for 
is that soum of the arguP^ 
for the Enropean : QPtftH L **? 
had an anti- American 
■That - does not appJy fo :^ 
■Enropean caseas a wbote *?" 

it certainty ought not fcH-wj’j 
European consortium 1 
court V 

But It is reasonable: to 
to the. dangers oT^fon fo ^ 


which needs fittie: - 
cnconxagenreait, so ® 
there Is absOlutely TW 
tion that , .to ^ 

European optron is to 1 
American. is >i '* 

.flat Mr Brittan r ca » > t l — ^ . 

- ~- 

V:- r - 

- r '-•--’pSjiS®*. 


v '-or r,. ; 




Union leaders 
aim to curb 
Militant in the 
Ovil Service 

By David Felton, Labour Correspondent 

^ L eaders of the largest Civil in the Left-wing grouping in 
Service union are drawing un 1984 have been increased 

union are drawing up 
fule changes which, if approved 
in the spring, will be used to 
reduce the influence in the 
union of the Militant Tendency. 

1984 have been increased 
recently by a similar division 
opening in the ranks of the 
moderate groups. 

The new moderate group, 

bdr Alistair Graham, general which promises to lake a softer 
set i ctary of the Civil and Public political line, expects to win 
Services Association, outlined votes both from the original 
plans yesterday for a fightback moderate group and BL84 
gainst Militant when he ad- which comprises Labour left, 
pressed a union meeting at the Communists and other sympa- 
Deparunent of Health and ihizers. It could raise the 
Social Security's main computer chances of the Broad Left, 
centre at Newcastle upon Tyne, organization that bring together 
which Militant has used as its Militant, the Socialist Workers 
powerbasc. Party and other Trotskyist 

Militant is said by moderates groups. 

■to control or heavily influence Elections to the union execu- 
about a third of the C PSA’s 900 live will be held in the next 
branches in government offices, three months, but Mr Graham 
Mr Graham said yesterday: “It argued that branch annual 
is because 1 want to sec an general meetings, which are 
effective, democratic trade now being held around the 
union that faces up to the real country, should seek to change 
choices in the difficult world of election rules so that voting for 
the 1980s that I want to destroy key branch official positions is 
■the role and influence of the held by secret ballot. 

Militant Tendency' 

He argued that, in addition to 
pressing for changes to rules 
governing elections of branch 
officials, people who have in the 

At the moment, voting is by 
ballot at a meeting, but Mr 
Graham said the union's annual 
conference in May would be 
asked to approve constitutional 

past supported modera te candi- amendments making it com pul- 

dates in national union dec- 
eptions should organize them- 
■adves at the Newcastle centre 
into an effective “opposition" 
to Militant. 

'.The opposition would chal- 

sory that branches should hold 
elections before the annual 
general meeting. 

Moderates argue that Mili- 
tant packs meetings of which 
elections are held so that its 

lenge the ruling Militant power candidates are elected. Mr 
bloc, he said." and even if they Graham warned the Newcastle 
do not win immediate power meeting yesterday of the “chaos 

you may well stop some of the 
zany propositions that this 
branch seeks to foist on the 
national union". 

, lf The CPSA leadership has in 

and incompetence" which arises 
when Militant is in control. He 
quoted the examples of the 
Liverpool crises 
Describing Militant as “a 

recent years won a reputation dangerous lot", Mr Graham 
for political volatility with said that, like Mr Neil Kinnock 
control swinging between Left in the Labour Party he intended 
and Right. Political compli- to challenge its role in the 
rations brought about by a split union. 

Race Act 
over sale 

By Pat Healy 
Race Relations 
• A white householder who 
tried to stop a neighbour selling 
his house to an Asian family 
admitted breaking the Race 
Relations Act at Westminster 
County Court yesterday and he 
was warned that similar action 
Could lead to fines or imprison- 
. .^nenu 

' Mr Andrew Cowper, of 
Northfleet, Kent, admitted that 
he had tried to persuade his 
Neighbour to abandon an agreed 
sale to an Asian family and. then 
petitioned other neighbours to 
suppor him. He gave the court 
an undertaking that he would 
not break the Act again, and 
agreed to pay the costs of the 
action brought by the Com- 
mission for Racial Equality. 

Section 31 of the Race' 
Relations Act makes it unlawful 
to try to persuade another 
person to discriminate on racial 

The commission which suc- 
cessfully brought proceedings 
last October against 33 council 
{ tenants who had petitioned the 
Greater London Council not to- 
house Asian families on their 
estate, said yesterday that the 
case was not isolated 

Mr Goolam Meeran, edu- 
cation. housing and services 
director at the commission, 
said: "This sort of racial 
harassment must not go unchal- 
lenged. Firm action must be 
taken against all individuals 
and groups who engage in 
racially discriminatory activi- 

Music for 
on Radio 2 

By Our Arts Correspondent 
BBC Radio 2 Is to concentrate 
on music for the over 40s in an 
attempt to win back listeners 
lost by the increasing amount 
of pop music on the station, in 
recent years. It will . have 
rescheduled most of its output 
by Easter to pnt an emphasis 
on middle-of-the-road music. 

Miss Frances Line, the 
station's head of music, said 
yesterday: “Radio 2 had been 
drifting about without a dear 
music policy. The youth audi- 
ence has been overindulged and 
now it is time to return to the 

"There are an awful lot of 
over-40s in the country and 
perhaps some of them ha^e 
given us up in the past." 

Miss Line hopes to continue 
signing household names to 
present middle-of-the-road 
music shows for the station. 
The latest changes to take 
place are in the evening' musk 
programmes. Angela Rippon, 
the former BBC newsreader, is 
to have a weekly two-hour 
magazine programme begin- 
ning at 11pm each Friday from 

Paul Jones, the former 
singer with Manfred Mann, 
who is now an actor, is to host a 
new series featuring bines and 
country music. 

Monday evenings will be 
devoted to big band and jazz, 
and Tuesdays “big strings 
sounds" and a series about 
musical stars of the past and 
present Wednesday will have 
an extended evening of folk 

Austin Rover ‘seeks to 
screen troublemakers’ 

By Clifford Webb, Motoring Correspondent 

Workers seeking jobs in 
Austin Rover factories will be 
subjected to a searching two- 
day investigation, including 
questions about their personal 
commitment to the State-con- 
trolled car group, if manage- 
ment proposals are adopted. 

.'The proposals, including the 
establishment of assessment 
centres to examine recruits, are 
seen by some union officials as 
a further move by the company 
io prevent potential trouble- 


Most of the time will be spent 
assessing candidates' skills and 
ensuring that they are prepared- 
to identify with the company's 
recovery plans. 

Mr Harold Musgrove. Austin 
Rover's chairman and chief 
executive, has called in consult- 
ants to help with stage two of 
the recovery plan now that 
productivity, particularly at 
Longbridge. is sure to be on par 
with the best in Europe. Annual 
output a woker has increased 
since 1979 from 5.9 cars to 14. 

makers slipping through 
interviewing procedure. 

That was lightened up two 
years ago after the discovery of 
' a so-called “battle plan" by 

militants to infiltrate key union .. _ 

posts at the Cowley plant neaf discussions with managers at all 

Oxford. Thirteen neTrecntits 1 if TS 

were dismissed for making nrc cs cat * wth “■* members 
statements on their application 

. Austin Rover executives are 
assuring union leaders that only 
'a small amount of time during 
the two days will be given to 
weeding out troublemakers. 

Stage two is intended to 
reduce the friction between 
workers and management by 
holding regular round-table 

in an adaption of the highly 
praised “quality circles” 
devised by the Japanese motor 

Officially, Austin Rover will 
confirm only that those new 
ideas are under scrutiny. 

Pedal-power for charity 

"• The Royal Society for the . Tb* “Great Pedal-In" from 
; Prevention of Accidents is the Irish Sea to the North Sea is 
i planning a coast-to-caa« ride Jp start in Blackpool on 
i ty hundreds of cyclists to Saturday July 12 ending a week 
introduce families to the "for- later m Scarborough, 
gotten pleasures" of cycling The trip will cost £120 for 
' through bcautifril countryside adult and £95 for children 
:‘and' to raise funds through under Iff. The youngest riders 
sponsorship for Oxfam. must be over nine years old! 


• , A . . - .-'uw r "• ■ !• •• v y— * • ’■ •••. . • ■■ ••• v - ' 

* ' f ' M " vi-*' v*"-- • .. 

• v v .'•••: v- 

. V***.. v’/* ... * • . *. \ v .4- . \ V , *♦ • * . * • • * .***♦♦ 

By Ronald Faux 

Concorde today celebrates 10 
years of ferrying very important 
passengers in luxury across the 
Atlantic. The aircraft has proved 
immensely popular among those 
privileged enough to be able to 
afford a ticket and has won the 
respect and affection of the pilots 
who fly it. 

Captain Colin Morris, a senior 
British Airways pilot and Concorde 
enthusiast, said: "Not only the 
passengers think this plane is 
incredible. You shonld hear what 
the people who fly it have to say." 

So there we were - 70 VIP’s 
paying £1,442 each on die flight 
crew side of Heathrow in Con- 
corde’s crowded cockpit with the 
world’s most prestigious aeroplane 
coming to life around ns - a 
bewilderment of dials, warning 
lights and indicators primed' with 

.Captain Morris led the litany of 
checks with his first officer and 
flight engineer, Engines lit, trims 
corrected, intertiai navigators set, 
all systems operational. Behind us, 
the champagne cocktails, caviar and 
quail were ready for service to the 

passengers. Speedbird 193 began to 

The first 10 years were not easy 
for Concorde, an example of 
complex engineering that rivals a 
swan for grace. The project cost 
£ 1,000m even before it got airborne, 
but more than 50,000' flying hours 
later, Concorde is making a profit 
for British Airways of -more than 
£12 million a year. 

Take-off is a coordinated action by 
all three members of- the crew so 
Captain Morris gives a space- 
shuttle countdown: “Three, two, 
one, now." 

The Bristol Channel shrank 
beneath ns at 15,000ft a minute. 
The tip of Ireland loomed on the 
radar at Captain Morris's elbow. 
As we cruised at 4,000ft the crew 
sipped tea as Concorde clipped 
along at the speed of a bullet 
Later the sky below dears and as 
the cabin staff wheel out the -last 
Remy Martin and Macanudo 
cigars, Nantucket Island and Cape 
Cod slide over the cur ve of the 
earth. We track towards the coast 
at 22 miles a minute, and the nose 
droops to reveal the Manhattan 

by Labour 
MPs over 

The battle to save Gartcosh 
steelworks spilled over into the 
Scottish Grand Committee in 
Edinburgh yesterday _ when 
Opposition MPs occupied the 
debating chamber. 

During a debate on the report 
jof the Scottish Ternary 
l Education Advisory Council. 
Mr Tom Clarke. Labour MP for 
Monklands West, and Mr 
Dennis Cana van. Labour MP 
for Falkirk West, asked Mr 
Hugh McCartney, Labour MP 
for Clydebank and Milnga'"ie 
and committee chairman to 
extend the sitting so that they 
could discuss Gartcosh. 
i Mr McCartney refused be- 
cause the question was “com- 
pletely out of order”. As soon as 
he' vacated the chair at the end 
i of the sitting, it was occupied by- 
Mr William McKelvey. Labour 
MP for Kilmarnock and Lou- 
doun. who announced that they 
would bold a debate of 

Conservative MPs and 
I Labour front bench spokesmen 
(left the chamber. Ten Labour 
; MPs and two alliance members 

A motion supporting the 
workforce at Gartcosh in their 
fight to save the plant was 
moved by Mr Gavin Strang, 
Labour MP for Edinburgh East, 
and seconded by Mr Cana van. 

Parliament is due to debate 
Gartcosh on Thursday. Earlier 
Mr Malcolm Rifkind. Secretary 
of State for Scotland, had met a 
deputation from the steel plant. 

The new BBC microcomputer 
series will be seen in 

The BBC Master Series is a continuation 
and development of the highly popular BBC 
Micro. As such, the series retains all of the 
BBC Micros traditional virtues including 
BBC BASIC and a superior choice of software 
arid peripherals. 

Though never before has one micro- 
computer encompassed such a wide range 
of applications or offered so much potential 

BBC Micros have gained a reputation as 
powerful, versatile home computers. 

The Master 128 will prove an even more 
useful addition to the household. 

Your child is probably already familiar 
with it from school. In which case, our 
educational programs will ensure that learning 
continues at home. 

By using a Teletext adaptor, up-to-the- 
minute information can be called up instantly. 
And via a Modem, you can control all the 
money in your bank account, paying bills 
and standing orders from the comfort of 
your own home. 

You can even write and send letters on 
screen by Electronic Mail. 

Yet despite these advances, the price 
remains the same at £499 inc.VAT. 

To speed up other tasks, there is the 
Master TURBO. For an extra £125 inc. VAT, 
it improves the Master 128 s benchmark 
from 9t2 seconds to 

4.67 seconds using J i BBC BASIC. 

prove invaluable in any Maths Class. 

As an upgrade of the 128, the Master 
512 gives higher levels of education access 
to MS-DOS compatible applications. For 
under£500. . 

Or for only £348.26 exc. VAT ; you have 
the Master ET - a powerful, custom-built 
networking terminal. Our ECON^T network- 
ing facility is probably the worlds best 
selling, low cost network. "v 

Combined with the Master ET, it affords 
considerable cost saving without limiting 
your expansion options. Ensuring the BBC 
Micros place throughout our education 


New features on the Master 128 make it 
particularly useful in the schools area. 

The word processing package makes it 
ideal for creative writing. 

While its sophisticated spreadsheet will 


Business dictates that a microcomputer 
is both efficient and easy to operate. 

■ The Master 512 puts all the power of 
16-bit computing under your control, for 
under £1,000. This control comes courtesy 
of the GEM Collection which provides an 
icon-driven, simple and easy to -use environ- 
ment. as well as a word processor and 
painting package. 

Not only does this allow you to write 
documents easily, but also to insert charts 
and graphs into them. Thereby improving 
your business presentations. 

Though business is oidy one of the areas 
in which die Master 512 will be taking control. 
In the Medical field, it could be taking 
fc the drudgery out of repeat prescriptions. 
it the same time monitoring dosage 
Tor optimum patient care. 

Existing BBC Micros are capable 
lof running an entire factory. The 
more sophisticated Master 512 could 
check every stage in a manufacturing 
process from beginning to end. 

Of course, your immediate needs 
may not be on quite this scale. So you 
could buy the Master 128 now and easily 

upgrade to the Master 512 at a later stage. 


As a simple upgrade to the Master 128, 
the Master Sc. provides a powerful scientific 
computer for under £1,500. A tenth- of the 
price of its nearest mainframe equivalent. 

The Master Sc. forms a natural and com- 
patible link with the first in the extremely 
powerful Acorn Cambridge Work Station 
range. It uses all the important scientific 
languages - ISO PASCAL, FORTRAN 77, C and 
32016 ASSEMBLER as well as BBC BASIC. 

For anyone who is teaching languages, 
the Master Sc. is a particular asset. You can 
now afford to teach more by practice rather 
than theory. 

After purchase, you can rely on our techni- 
cal support for advice on any part of the series. 

The BBC Master Series. Whichever area 

it appears in, it 
good reception. 

.will be assured of a 




The BBC Master Series. 

The choice of 

3 " 




""UWn* .ilk Wcxl Ini, t 



r™TS 45 diaelB[wrqsli^ Johamtesbura ^ 

^fSL 0 ! Vftrtojiia • imposed- -these 
power m the small kingdom of 

Lesotho, afier-^eral weds, of before; as ^ S 

tez^an and oon&sioit, appwrs Jonathan’s refi^Sjhaadwff 

"f - 0110 “fi^eents of <te-vUnSm 5 
of the Wifacst pohtical survivors African Natianal^cSun^ 

on /S®&If Ca ? sc ^' aaegedlyoperati^fS 

CIhs Jonathan; Lesotho The cbunW » ju m ■ 

*»W r ;.nrime pletcjy suaxwaided hy Sooth 
|>fin^r.:now ro hit early : ; Africa. ,\ r “~\ 

gc^n»c^ijatf -been -in -power ■*. -:A$ the economic blockade -'a 
since I 9 g 5 ^ a year before his. term disputed by Pretoria - 
rounlry i obtained its indepen- * began-tobite, Lesotho agreed to 
dcnce.awa nearly 100 years as a a Sooth African request for thr 
British protectorate.. ... creation’ o£ a joint security 

ftfefrntoQtroomt Whether the' 'comarittee. Major-General Jos- 
ixmoyaLafOnef- Jonathan ‘was Un.^khanya, the txMmnander 
cpgiaeere^dff^yhyl^apcho’s xrf Lesotho’s l.SOO^mhhjparanu- 
giaot sragfijbouf,. South : Africa. ■' .-Ij(ter$ : forcc, wajffia-'i- ttegotho 
It is ^r 7 to ..say/ that /South delegation' wbiefe visited ^Preto- 
Afrkan ^pressure, 'playing on -fiarTast Friday . uf’disqnss plans ■ 
inlcnud/divispiM.; in- ■ Lesotho, ; foodie committee. : . ■: :_.v 

have combined to produce an - General Lekhanyais tbc head 

i UtC 0 S Sp^ 10 ? 5 ' I***** 1 *- “ofthe Mn$Ey*§&aS Stow' 
favourable to Pretoria. .. ;jpyetuhg the- coHniry. -It 'is 

r Th L£?wJ? -reasonably to speculate that the" 

of events began on -New :Y«ufa -Smith Africans mfli£«ed toil* 
Day.whpa toe South Africans genera}. a t the fteforia-^ne^ng 
forced Lesotho jnto a ; state;Of that he woidd Jrave^SS 
virtual economic ‘ siege; By -support if he ntoved a»wi£t 
imposmg stringent security Chief Jonathan. ■ •- .••• .-/ 

checks on. all traffic entering the ' Off^Shtu 
kingdom* causing long delays in Jonathan’s 
supplies ,ef food and petroL . ter . Mr 




soimfri- ...J 


: Off Saturday, h oweVer, - Chief 
Jonathan's .Information Minis 2 
ter,- Mb- Desmond -Sixishe,. 
announced' that -ap 1 'attempted 
coup against the ghj&pe Minister 
had been crushed with a loss of' 
four lives. ' '. 

Other reports spoke of 17 
deaths in-fi ghting on Fridayand 
Saturday.- r • * '• 

Western diplomats in .Mase- 
ru, Lesotho?} Ismail capital, 
confirmed : -that : fighting-' had 
taken place/They believe it was 
between , the Arinyand a small 
faction, within-' -the Army sym- 
pathetic to die youth wing of 
Chief Jonathan’s ruling -Basuto 1 : ' 
land- 'National . Party (BNP), . 
members of which also seem id 
have teen involved: 

The yough wing -is -militantly 
pro-ANCand anti-Soutb Africa, 
and was recently given weapons 
by- . Chief Jonathan. -. a move; 
reported to have, dismayed the 

•4' \ ■ .ri,? ? '*5^ "'/• 

Chief Jonathan: reprisals after his refusal to hand over 
• ANC insurgents to Pretoria 

Popuftitfom ■ 'liBQD’Od ■ (+985). have beenmvolVccL 
About 7&peroent of population . The yough Wing is -miliiantly 
Christian,- 40 -per emit Roman pro-ANCand anti-Soutb Africa, 
CathoTiCj • .'Official languages and was recently gives weapons 
EngBsh and Sesotho. -i- by- Chief Jonathan. - a move 

Area: 11,700 square miles. - .- : xepcirted to have dismayed the 
Armed forces: No' standing Army, command, who saw has 
army. tx^ Lesotho has para- ft threat to ito awn position. - ... 
military itoit estimated tdhave ' . The Army, .was also reported 
1 ,460 men in .1.993- / • to be unhappy- about the 1 close 

Ecoi«nnp Ghosa natk«arproc^ -relations • developed ' by. ; Chief 
uct $42pt mllllort Per cainta Jonathan in recent years with 
incoma: $290 (official 1983/4* communist ' countries. ‘ . Thd 
figures). -Diamond finishing is Soviet; Union.' Chin*, North 
maki mdj^ry. About 40 . per . Korea, Rnmaeia and Yugosla- 
cent of ff^e via all haye~"embassi es in 
as CX>ntr^0abdurBrs in South Maseru. This switch in foreign 
Africa. Main: exports, are wool, policy- also alienated Lesotho’s 
mohair and dfarndnefs. ■ " . influential. ' Homan -Catholic 

■■ ■■■■ ■ ■■■i ■■ Church. . 

The irony of the situation is. 
that South Afiica "was largely! 
-responsible for . .putting Chief. 
Jonathan into power. in .1965. It 
is considered unlik&Iy tie would 
have won without their backing. 
Fbr some years he was regarded 
as little . more than Pretoria's 
puppet ; . 

-The relationship began to 
deteriorate m the mid-1970s. In, 
port. Chief Jonathan's tolerance 
pf an ANC presence in Lesotho 
arid growing willingness , to risk 
Pretoria's, wrath can be ex- 
plained by. 1 his -desire to 
compensate in the world’s eyes ' 
-for his lack of internal demo- 
cratic legitimacy- 
.■hi' 1970,. Chief Jonathan 
suspended the institution, ; m. 

Black South Africans deny treason charges 

Delraas, South Afifca (Refit- ; Jolraim«sbtiig^ whcre.the trial — ' community : associations 

• er> - Tweaty-two'black:, Sourh . the -iMteest; ; ^.tch/ case . for'- a black townships iu the vYaal . The .court firmly: I plead not 
Afri can dissidraS|#*WOT( £ lSfe K ^SafS^^^w^^W*^®^^Eiir3^^N^s7-^Rian^Ie, ^.south' of ' anti - I; wotild' like *-10 - 

yesterday't'fo : <feafgt^<^ntovBdfor s^ burg; : v ' : V * -TV reaffirm ‘that my- organization, 

e murder ahd seefchxg io everth- ' . The accused radge in age . . AH. face charges of treason^ the UDF, is committed to non- 
row the cdtmtiTs vriHtB^ddmi- to 61-Sbmchave^ abd.^ murder, «*ich: can carry* violentchan^."- 

nated Govemmentby force-/ . in prison since September, the death penalty, and ' add- - The . opening session was 
They pleakipd-. pot ■ gmltyl- to 1 1 984, and.aD, have been renised monal changes of terrorism, interrupted when Judge Kwem 
i the charges, which; -carry, a bail. ,. ;■ ' . subversion, -and - furthering the Vandijkhorst adjourned the 

1 posible death penalty! ■ ■■ . They 1 include , fornter.: top. aims- of the banned Afiican trial until 1 tomorrow, after Mr 

Relatives andytefl-wishers offici al s oftheUxtited Demo- National Congress (ANC). .' ■ Flip, Jacobs,, prosecuting inad- 

crowded into ' .ft ’ iBa^strates’ cratic Front, the main internal Some of the accused replied ; vcrtently revealed the name of 
court at Delmas.y a sleepy group fighting apartheid, aafwell nervously when asked to plead, : his first witness, whose identity 
provindflJ town- 40 jmlM'f 5 i^^ as little-known activists from bqt the UDF publicity sec- bo had wanted to keep secret. 

crowded - into " .a inagistrates’ 
court at Delmas./ a . ^e^py 
provincial towu-. 4 Q jniles'^st.of 


South Pole 
to pay US 
rescue bill 

The leader of the private 
British polar expedition which 
followed Captain Scott’s path 
to the Antarctic, pledged 
yesterday to foot a £21,000 bill 
towards tire cost of their rescue 

by the Americans. 

Members of the British team 
were pinched from an icefloe 
after their support ship, the 
Southern Crass, sank in the 
Ross Sea. - 

The Footsteps of Scott 
expedition is to be asked to pay 
£2LOOO for an eight-hour 
Hercules flight which took 26 
people from the US McMurdo 
Sound base to Christchurch, 
New Zealand, the United 
States National Science Foun- 
dation said. 

The Britons, led by Mr 
Robert Swan, aged 28, from 
Durham, regard the trip as 
successful but hare been 
criticized for venturing on to 
tiie dangerous ice packs of the 
Antarctic which crushed their 

Asked to comment on the 
bill, Mr Swan, who has just 
arrived back in London, .raid: 
“It is going to have to be paid. 

“We are a British expedition 
and we do not go around not 
paying our bills. We are very 
grateful for the assistance we 
received from the Americans. 

“We shall be seeking confir- 
mation of the figure, but 
whatever the sum, we are going 
to pay it I do care about our 
expedition members* fives", Mr 
Swan said. 

The science foundation said 
the US would not charge for 
sending helicopters to lift the 
crew and passengers from the 
ice floe after their ship went 
down, or for flying the ex- 
pedition's three walkers back 
from the South Pole to 
McMurdo Sound. 

But the Hercules flight to 
Christchurch had cost $4,000 
(£2,000) an hour - a cost that 
would have to be borne. 

Burns for 
on 100th birthday 

New York - George Burns, 
the American comedian, was 90 
yesterday and still going strong. 
He has signed a contract to 
appear at the London Pal- 
ladium for two weeks in 1996 to 
marie his 100th birthday (Tre- 
vor Fishlock writes). 

“You don’t have to retire” 
he sajd. “That’s for the buds. A 
guy rfetires at 65, he’s still a 
kid.” ; 

Mr Bums, who has been on 
the stage for 82 years, leads an 
active life as a nightclub and 
television performer and says 
the secret of his longevity is that 
he eqjoys his work. 

“I never get nervous before a 
show. The audience may get 
nervous - they wonder if I am 
going to last fbr an hour.” j 


Famine aid programme 

EEC to spend £67m 
on African farming 

_ From Richard Owen, Brussels 

The EEC yesterday an- and road construction, agricul- 
nounced a £67 million pro- tural equipment and irrigatin 
gramme for economic recovery technology. But Signor Natali 
in poor African states, with the said Afiican states needed to 
auti of utting sub-Saharan “alter their thinkin g and behav- 
agn culture on its feel and iout nddically.” gave a warning 
enabling famine-stricken areas of further “desertification” of 
to feed themselves. Africa if present practices 

.Signor Lorenzo Natali, the resulting in soil degradation 

EEC Commissioner for Co- continued. 

operation and Development, 
wid the programme would be 

EEC farm ministers, includ- 
ing Mr Michael Jopliog, the 

funded by a ” concentration of British Minister of Agriculture, 
exjsung resources” rather yesterday began a two-day 

than by raising additional 
money for African aid. 

meeting in Brussels to discuss 
EEC wheat stocks and imports 

Sig nor N atali yesterday sig- of beef from outside ihc 
ned agreements on the econ- Community. Italy, which has 
omic rehabilitation programme been hit by drought, is lo 
with Ethiopia, Chad, Niger, receive 300,000 tonnes of soft 
Sudaii^ Mali and Mauritania, wheat at reduced prices from 
The EEC already has s imilar the six million tonnes of surplus 
agreements with Angloa and wheat held in intervention 
Mozambique. stocks in Britain. 

Signor Natali said the A spokesman for Mr Jopling 
Commission was asking EEC said Britain had no objection to 
member-states to supplement the deal, which would ease 
the EEC programme, and pressure on storage space, but 
France, West Germany, the did not believe Britain should 
Irish Republic and The Nether- bear the transport costs. 

lands bad promised to help. But 
only Italy had set aside a 
specific sum, pledging £8 

milli on 

Council sources said the 
ministers had no plans to deal 
with the vexed question of how 
to dispose of EEC surpluses as a 

Total EEC aid to Africa whole. The Commission has 
amounts to $4 billion (£2.8 proposed a “once and for all” 
billion) per year, but Europe is disposa during 1986. and some 
under pressure to do more. The pressure groups want part of 
new one-year programme in- ihhc slocks to go to Africa as 
eludes the financing of railway emergency food aid. 

Geldof courts French 

the middle of a general election 
when it bacairie dear he was 
going vo lost Outbreaks of 
revolt thereafter 1 were brutally 
crushed, and since '1970 there 
have been no dections. 

It * is widely thought the 
Lesotho Liberation Army, a 
shadowy -guerrilla 'organization 
led -by Mr Ntsu Mokhehlc, the 
politician Chief Jonathaus ! 
cheated of power in 1970, 
operates from South African 

However,- * Mr Mokhehle 
seems to have played no. part in 
the latest coup, which was the 
outcome of a straggle within the 
ruling elite in which South 
Afiica backed one of the sides. 

The chairman of Band Aid, 
Bob Geldof, is to meet Presi- 
dent Mitterrand oa Wednesday 
to ask the French Government 
to exert pressure within the 
EEC for greater aid to western 
Sudan (Paul Vallely writes). 

Mr Geldof, who has been 
invited to the Ely see Palace for 
lunch, will also bring up the 
subject of the levels of French 
aid to its former colonies, Mali, 
Burkina Faso, Niger and Chad, 
which he visited last year. 

The pop singer is in France 
for the funeral of the French 
singer Daniel Balavoine, who 
was one of five people killed in 
a helicopter crash in fyjali last 
week. M Balavoine, who was 
flying with the organizer of the 
Paris-Dakar rally, was a 
prominent figure in the French 
equivalent of Band Aid. 

The party with which he was 
travelling was In Mali to help 
organize the forthcoming 
Sports Aid, a big new inter- 
national fund-raising event to 
be launched later this week. 

Thierry Sabine, the fonnder 
and organizer of the Paris- 
Dakar Rally, was flyng the 
helicopter which crashed in the 
Mali desert last week (AFP 

Mr Bruno Bagnond, father of 
the Swiss pilot who should 
have been at the controls, Mr 
Francois-Xavier Bagnond, told 
a newspaper here that the log 
book clearly showed that M 
Sabine decided to take ofT at 
dusk to check on competitors, 
against his son's better judge- 



Delhi (AFP) - Five lop 
Indian scientists say in a report 
that an explosion in the front 
cargo section caused the Air 
India plane crash in the Atlantic 
last June which killed all 329 

Examination of holes' and 
other features in retrieved 
sections of the airliner could 
have been caued only by shock 
waves and pcncLration of high- 
velocity fragments after a blast, 
sources quoted their report as 

Striptease gets 
blame for deaths 

Tel Aviv (AP) - Residents of 
the small town of Kiryat 
Malachi in southern Israel arc 
planning a day of fast and 
sacrifice to atone for a striptease 
show which a rabbi holds 
responsible for a wave of 

When six people died wiihin 
a week from various causes, the 
rabbi blamed a sin committed 
in the town, the first striptease 
in its 30-year history. 

Fatal firework 

Naples (AP) - Two girls aged 
10 and 12 and a middle-aged 
man were killed when a huge 
firework. lit during surburan 
celebrations to mark a saint's 
day exploded in the middle of a 

Dynamite raid 

Lima (Reuter) - Lcftist- 
Tupac Amaru guerrillas threw 
slicks of dynamite at a hotel, a 
museum and three restaurants 
in the Peruvian capital. 

Vineyard gloom 

Vienna (Reuter) - Austria's 
vineyards, already hit by last 
years’ wine-doctoring scandal, 
also had a bad grape harvest in 

Biting the hand 

Hong Kong (AFP) - A man 
had a tooth extracted at a dental 
clinic here then robbed the 
demist of about £260 at 
knifepoint He and an ac- 
complice were jailed* for five 

Madrid mourns its intellectual mayor 

s - m rretary, Mr Terror Letota, toW 
vyaaf .ytiw, court firmly: “I plead not 

From Richard Wlgg 

Senor Gonzalez, the Spanish 
Prime Minister, headed the 
thousands who yesterday paid 
their last respects here to 
Professor Enrique Tieruo Gal- 
vin, one of the key figures of 
Spanish socialism since the 
Civil War and Mayor of 
Madrid, who died here on 
Sunday nighL. 

His popularity was shown by 
the crowds queuing for hors 
yesterday all along the Chile 
Mayor, and snaking back the 

entire length again of the main 
street in the old part of the 
capital before they reached his 
body, laid out on a catafalque in 
the town haJL 

Officials calculated that a 
million people who have filed 
past by the time of today's 
funeral service. Many carried a 
single red rose, the symbol of 
the Socialist Party, and some 

Professor Tierno was among 
the first to form a clandestine 
Socialist group in the latter 

years of the Franco regime, well 
before Senor Gonzalez helped 
revive the Socialist Party in 
exile. In those days, a call at his 
Madrid home was obligatory for 
any foreigner of journalist 
interested in Spain's future. 

He was the second outstand- 
ing Mayor of a Spanish city to 
die this month. Professor 
Tierno and Senor Ramon Sainz 
de Varan da. Mayor of Saragossa 
since 1979, had both set out to 
reassure their citizens that the 
authorities genuinely cared for 
the quality of their lives. 

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Tues. Heathrow — Anchorage — Tokyo — Osaka Wed. 



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on one of our two routes - via Moscow or 
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And during September, October, 
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Some flights require a change of aircraft 
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Everything you expect and more. 



Japan counters 
effects on UK 
of trade gap 

From David Watts, Tokyo 

v Trade is likely to dominaic 
*the visit to London by M 
^ShinUro Abe, the Japanese 
<!? Foreign Minister, which begins 
,• today. The Soviet Lin ion's new 
arms proposals and Japan's 
stance onhc Strategic Defence 
'Initiative are also likely to 
’.figure when Mr Abe sees Mrs 

■ Margaret Thatcher and Sir 
'Geoffrey Howe the Foreign 

'..Secretary today. 

Mr Abe, fresh from his 

■ negotiations with Mr Eduard 
; .Shevardnadze. the Soviet 

.Foreign Minister, will also seek 
Mrs Thatcher’s co-operation at 
„ the May economic summit. 

> The Japanese Prime Minis- 
ter, Mr Yaschirp Nakasone. has 
^ recently returned from a similar 
-.mission to Canada where the 
Prime Minister. Mr Brian 
uMulroney, appears to have been 
•-non-com mini] in his response 
,to suggestions that he might 
.Tplay the role of summit 
- intermediary between President 
•Reagan and President Mitter- 
rand of France. The Japanese 
. found Canadian thinking con- 
centrated on their plans for a 
' ( free trade area with the United 

• ■ Mr Abe arrives at a time 
. .when the trade gap is once again 
widening. But he will be able to 

counter with several new 
manufacturing investments in! 
Britain which help to alleviate 
the effect of Japan's trade 

Japanese trade figures for the| 
first 11 months of last yearj 
show a surplus of S4.3 billion 
(£3 billion) compared with S4.6 ! 
billion for the whole of 19S4. 
Perhaps more significantly, 
British exports which recorded 
$2.2 billion in sale in 1984 
shrank to $1.6 billion to the end 
of November Last year leaving a 
Japanese surplus of 52.7 billion 
for the 1 1 months. 

uring 1985 two new manufac- 
turing investments were an- 
nounced, Komatsu's plant for 
heavy construction equipment 
and Brother Industries* for the 
making of electronic type- 

Mrs Thatcher no doubt will 
be asking for more and pressing 
the case of Tornado to fill the 
role of strike fighter in the 
Japanese .Air Self-Defence 
Forces. A decision on the strike 
fighter order is expected this 
year and the other contenders 
are a domestically developed 
FSX aircraft and the McDon- 
neil-Douglas FIS Hornet with 
the American FI 6 Fighting 
Falcon an outsider 

Manila bans foreigners 

c - Manila (Reuter) - Philippine 
election officials yesterday 
banned all foreigners from 
polling stations in next month's 
presidential elections - includ- 
ing teams of LIS observers 
invited to watch for fraud. 

The ban involves hundreds 
of foreign observers and corre- 
spondents. Officials said they 
could be jailed and deported if 
they went within 50 yards of 
any of the 90.000 polling station 
on election day, February 7. 

Israel plays 
down hope 
of Middle 
East peace 

The Hague (Reuter) - The 
Israeli Prime Minister, Mr 
Shimon Peres, briefed Dutch 
leaders yesterday on the latest 
efforts to secure peace in thhe 
Middle East, while his officials 
continued to dampen specu- 
lation cbont a breakthrough. 

Mr Peres spoke into the 
early hours of the morning with 
the US Assistant Secretary of 
State, Mr Richard Marphy, 
who only a day earlier had seen 
King Husain of Jordan for 
talks on an international forum 
for peace negotiations. 

After a few hours* sleep, the 
Israeli leader, who began a 10- 
day European tour here on 
Sunday, saw the Dntch Prime 
Minister, Mr Ruud Lubbers, to 
bring him up to date on 

An Israeli spokesmann said 
Mr Peres could meet Mr 
Morphy again this week when 
the two are in Britain, but he 
tried to counter suggestions 
that the series of meetings 
presaged a Jordan-Israel 
agreement on terms for peace 
negotiations. A senior official 
commented: **We are not on the 
verge of a major dramatic 

Mr Peres said on Sunday 
that importannt problems 
remained in working oat the 
•format for the proposed inter- 
national forum on the Middle 
East, and on how the Palesti- 
nians would be represented. 

One key question relating to 
the forum closely concerns The 
Netherlands, and Dutch 
officials suggested it may have 
been on the agenda when Mr 
Peres saw Mr Lubbers. 

I srael Insists that the Soviet 
Union can have no role in the 
forum unless the two countries 
have diplomatic relations. 

Mr Shimon Peres, the Israeli Prime Minister (left), before yesterday’s talks at The Hagne with his Dutch counterpart, Mr 
Ruud LHbbers (right), and theForeign Minister, Mr Hansvan denBroek. 

Israelis must tighten their belts further 

From Ian Murray Jerusalem 

All Israelis are going to have 
to put up with a great deal more 
austerity in the year ahead. That 
was the clear message from Mr 
Yitzhak Modai, Israel's Finance 
Minister, when he introduced 
his $22,600 million (£14,790 
million) budget in the Knesset 
(Parliament) yesterday. 

The outline of the budget has 
been fought over inside the 
Cabinet for several weeks, and 
Mr Modai has made no 
concessions in his demands for 
cuts totalling $800 million. 

Subsidies on a whole range of 
goods are to be reduced, parents 
are going to have to pay the $60 
annual education levy for their 
children, old-age pensiones and 
the disabled will have restricted 
benefits, and 4,000 government 
employees will lose their jobs. 

Military commanders are 
already complaining about the 
effects of reductions in the-, 
defence budget, which spends 
about a quarter of all the' 
available money. 

There wiU be some incentives 
to help the self-employed, but 
overall everyone is expected 
individually to make a contri- 
bution towards holding down 
government spending, check 
inflation, and .restore the econ- 

Mr Modai knows that Labour 
Party memvers, who should 
support the coalition Govern- 
ment, are still threatening to 
vote a gain st the proposals if 
cuts in education and health 
services are brought in. The 

"-V' v ^ • - 

f j i . k ** 

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>4$ A'i -* ’•* 

t * i i • ■ «• 

> *: v'/ * it 

a Ilf! 

. V-*. . ■."Hs***' 

■ v JY '• 

When villains start 

i||fl|king 9 to 5, so will we 


Like most other white collar workers, police officers work 
at least eight hours a day; five days a week. 

- HARROW: An old lady hasn't been T heI ' e * e similarity ends. 

seen for a few days and the milk In a place like London, 

is piling up on her doorstep. A nrr iHpnr< fnnrhall mqrrhps 
Woman Police Constable breaks in and finds accidents, lOOtoail maLCnes, 

her dead on the floor Foul play? The Inspector demonstrations. Clime, tourists, 

and Police Surgeon are called in. and the like keep US busy 

twenty four hours a day, seven days a week. 

And since quite a lot of our work involves dealing with 
London’s anti- social elements, anti-social hours are what we 
tend to work. 

You could find yourself up well before the lark on Early 
Turn, dam to 2pm. 

Or you could be putting in a hard days night while most 
law-abiding folk are comfort- 

,, 1 - r r T iB-r no -u BERMONDSEY: The Community 

ably parked in front OI the IgggS] Liaison Officer visits a local youth 

fplpincinn xHSSP dub to talk about the dangers of 

tcic u u j. drugs and glue • sniffmg. The kids complain 

Look on the bright side, about being ‘picked on,’ so the message doesn't 

though. While everyone else getthroushthlstime - 

is slaving away at work, you can spend an afternoon in the 
garden or at the squash club. 

So much for routine. 

There’s not much chance of anyone settling into a com- 
fortable routine in the Metropolitan Police. 

It’s one of the few occupations where you can turn up 
for work and not have an inkling ofwhat the day holds in store 
for you You could be called to the scene of a fetal accident, 
or an armed robbeiy. 

Or you could spend the afternoon in a community 

qOVENT GARDEN: A man 6 seen Centre helping tO SOrt OUt old 
trying to feed an American Express people S problems, 
card into a banks all-night cash Everv Hav vniill find vour- 
dispenser. It turns out he’s high on LSD and the ™ 7”“ j 

card b high on our stolen list That won't do sell HI Situations that demand 

nicely at aii sir something different from you 

By turns, you’ll be a tourist guide, marriage guidance 
counsellor, diplomat, child psychologist, criminologist, self 
defence expert, first aid specialist, lawyer and speaking dock. 

Every one of these jobs requires different individual 

FULHAM: A bomb reported in a qualities. _ . ' 

shop doorway. Chief Inspector and Yi>U need them all tO get 

into the Metropolitan Police 

confirms our worst suspicions were unfounded. Force. 

Better safe than sorry HowdOyOU measure lip? 

First of all, you must be at least 162 ems tall if you’re a 
woman and at least 172 ems if you’re a man. 

Ideally, the academic qualifications we’re looking for 
are around five good ‘O’ levels. 

Nevertheless, people who Ve got a string of A levels won’t 
get in if they don’t possess all the right personal qualities; 
You’ll need a lot of common sense, a genuine concern for 

people, a strong sense of feir =; soho: two officer spot a man 
play, an agile mind in a fit IRSftgS climbing the scaffolding outsktean 

body and a well developed 

sense Of humour. find an the signs of a- break-in on the second 

And as these aren’t the floor7he phantom footballer gets booked. 

sort of things we can discern from an application form,you1U. 
have to go through our two-day selection process. _ 

A copper earns every penny. 

The pay is very good Considering some of the things 

CLaphaM: An officer in a Panda ^ yOU tO do for it, it has 
Car spots a suspiciously parked to be. At I 8 V 2 (OUT minimum 
van. He investigates and finds three ‘ \ vou ni start nn 

men doing a clothes shop. He gives chase and IT. 11 Sian on 

with assistance nabstwo of them. A good nightt is £9,108, including London - 

— allowances. 

If you’re a bit more mature, you’ll be better equipped to 
help us. So over 22’s start on more. 

As you gain experience and make progress in the Force, 
your salary will keep pace. 

Although you can be sure the hours won’t get any easier. 
For further information, phone (01) 725 4575. gfe . 
Write to the Appointments Officer, Careers 
Information Centre, Dept. MD61 3, New Scotland 
Yard, London SW1H OBG. Or visit us at °ur 
Careers Information Office in Victoria Street 

; budget wfli be debated through- 
: out tiie week. 

Yesterday the trade unio n 
. Histadrut Health Fund, which 
. . provides care for about 75 per 

- cent of- -the population, ait- 
. Bounced that the Government 

currently owed it $37 million 

- and that it was running out of 
i money to buy drugs. 

Representatives of the conn-, 
, try’s 22,000 nurses have been 
t threatening ip strike from today 
! unless they, are given a better 

pay deal. 

Iran leader takes 
a look at Africa’s 
front line states 

Harare . - - President Ali 
Khamenei of Iran arrived here 
yesterday for a three-day visit 
on the last leg of a tour of the 
southern African front-line 
states (Jan Raatb writes). 

. He has already visited Tanza- 
nia, Mozambique and Angola 
-daring the past week. . . ' 

. A spokesman for the Iranian 
Embassy here said the President 
wanted to assess the situation in 
the countries most affected fay 
South Africa; and to ■ make 
contact -with the . liberation 
movement, ■-parti culariy the 
Muslim groups involved in the 
struggle 'against the' South 
African apartheid systerit. 

Government officials are also 
expecting Hojatoleslam Khame- 
nei to .lobby support for Iran in 
its war with Iraq. 


. Radomir 


A former Yugoslav army 
officer; forcibly retired in 1967 
after repeated - minor disagree- 
ments., with. the military noth- “ 

orities, Juts been confined in the 
psychiatric section of Bdgrade 
Prison Hospital for more than 
12 years. His name is Radomir. 
‘Veljkovic and his fondly 
1 m ai n tai n s that since his con- 
jfioetnent he has been given 
'drags which have affected Mm 
Jmentally and physically. - . 

In an appeal for Ms release,' 
in the spring of 1983, they 
wrote: “We would draw atten- 
tion to the fact that he 
committed his political offences 
in a moment of despair over 
having been- prematurely re- 
tired and over many other 

The “political offences” to 
which they referred were writs 
issued by Radomir Vejfkorii 
between 1969 and 1972 ac- 
cusing President Tito of re- 
sponsibility for crimes and 
abuses allegedly committed by 
the state security police. 

It was on account of these 
writs that Radomir Vetfkovifc 
was arrested and tried and, in 
March 1973, found guilty of 

Caution over 
reforms in 

’■ From Mary Lee 

Mr Timothy Renton, Minis- 
ter of - Stare ' ax the Foreign 
Office, wbo is on a four-day 
tour of China, said that in his 
discussions ' yesterday - wiih 
officials in Peking They laid 
“agreed to allow the system of 
indirect elections to Hoag 
Kong's Legislative Council to 
settle down.” 

Observers say this suggests 
that Britain may not introduce 
any further political reforms 
towards representative govern- 
ment in Hong Kong unless they 
are approved by Peking. Mr 
Renton added; “Our ideas wen 
closely in line with each other”. 

1 Mr Renton met Mr Zhou 
Nan, the Depty Foreign Minis- 
ter, who headed the Chinese 
Tffarn in the negotiations over 
Hong Kong. Mr Wo Xueqian, 
the Foreign Minister, and Mr Ji 
PengfeL head' of Iho State 
Council’s Hong Kong and 
Macao Affairs Office. / ■ V . 
- Hc said the issue of reihfearii- 
tativc government in -Hong 

Kong was discussed, but hot in 
detafl. “We agree abo ve, aft on 
the need for convergence of the 
system that is evolving and/ at 
which will be laid down in the 
Basic Law (the post-1997 
constitution the -Chinese - are- 
drafting for. Hoag Kong),” 

: Asked why he had other 

the Chinese term “convergent 
when in the the pest be had said 
it -was up to the Hong Kbhg 
People to decide on the future 
political system, Mr Renton 
said; We don't have any 
preconceived ideas nor do the 
Chinese. . . If you can come up 
with a better term. I'll use it 
You must not see failures and 
■rinistw motives where they 
don’t exist.” 

.. He said the status of noc- 
Cbinese HongKong residents - 
Indians, Pakistanis and Eura- 
sians - was raised with Mr Ji. 
After 1977 the non-Chinese 
would become British Nationals 
(overseas), or BNOs , or have 
British' overseas Citizen pass- 
ports. “They will be able to 
apply to China for citizenship 
and this will be considered by 
the a pp ropriate authorities in 
line with Chinese law.” 

He reiterated that China and 
Britain had a. common interest 
in Hong Kong’s continued 
stability and prosperity. 

. .. Describing Hong Kong as 
being “very inward-looking" on 
matters relating to its future, Mr 
Renton said that questions 
about the size of the British 
battalion and, later, the Chinese 
People's Liberation Army in the 
.territory, as well as how the 
; future HongKong Government 
can be made “accountable” to 
the legislature “are det ail s 
which have to be worked out”. 


... .^spc 


“damaging the reputation of 
tire state.” The court at 
Sarajevo ruled that he' was not 
accountable lor his actions and 
was “dangerous to his sur- 
rotandings”. It ordered that he 
'he compulsorily confined in a 
psychiatric institution. 

Earlier, however, - he had 
undezgone a scries of specialist 
examinations after he had 
problems finding work when he 
was discharged from the Army 
fa 1967. From each; he 
- emerged with a report stating 
that he was not suffering from 
any mental Qfaess. In 1970, die 
nenropsychiatrist of Zenica 
Medical Centre pronounced 
him sane. 

Mr Ve«kovj& Held for 12 
years in p sy chiatric ward . 

Anstralian mfnfeterln London 

Dehcate talks continae on 
clean-up of test sites 

From Stephen Taylor, Sydney - 

rets, oodcasm bwd w Wl t , to dared 

Delicate n^otiations on the 
recommendations of the Royal ' 
Commission into .British- nu- 
clear tests in Australia are to 
due to continue in London after 
the amval today of Senator ■ 
Gareth Evans, the Australian 
Minister for Resources - and 
Energy. . .. 

Canberra sources said Mr 
Evans was expected to meet Mr 
Norman Lament, Minister for 
Defence Procurement, tomor?_ 

row morning as a fbllow-up to 
exploratory talks earlier this 
involving Anstralian and Brit- 
ish officials. 

Neither side has adopted anr 
om^l postion on the finding 
by the commission that Britain 
should pay for a new dean-tip 
of nudear test sites in Australia. 
But talks are likely -fo concen- 
tzate on the wording ; of the 
commission’s reco mmendatio n 
that such an operation should 
render two comafoinated sites 
in South Australia, Maratinga 
and Emu, “fit for unrestricted 
hafaration by the traditional 
Aboriginal owners as soon as 


Maralinga is by for the xnore 
hazardous of the two ..sites, 
according to the commission, 
requiring continuing patrols to 
keep isolated a large, quantity of 
radioactive waste, including 
more than 20kg of highly-toxic 
plutonhim, _plus uranium and 
Beryllium. . \ " 

The ■ commission - considered . 

a number of options in adean- 
_Up. bf Marating a, -which it 
estimated could cost more than . 
£1 10 million. 

Probably more fertile ground 
. for.the folks at tbj5-stage-wbu» 

be the commadoifs .propoMl 
that, a Maraling a commission be 
appointed from representative 
of Aborighfol group, and the 
British,. Austrafian.andSoulh 
Australian govenunent- 1 1 
-. Its function wpuld bo w - 
determine criteria fiara dran-fo> ; 
and oversee iL The Anriralfotri ■ 
will be hoping.. to. hear fo* 1 
. Britain is wilting to Co-opems 
at least for this extentVbcfi^e Mr 
Evans leaves for '. lire US affo 
tomorrow’s talks. . . 




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• • - 

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| Hollywood comes to Silver Mountain | 


dies from 

From John Earle 

The number of defendants in 
the Mafia trial opening in 
Palermo on February 10 has 
decreased to 474 with the death 
from cancer in a Swiss nursing 
home of one of the most 
prominent accused, Nino Salvo. 

Signor Salvo. *aged 57, was 
arrested in November 1984 
together with his cousin. Signor 
Ignazio Salvo. They held a 
government concession to 
collect taxes in most of Sicily. A 
leading supporter of the 
Christian Democrats. Signor 
Nino at one time had the 
reputation of being able to 
make and break Sicilian 
regional governments. 

The two were arrested on 
charges of Mafia activities as a 
result of the testimony of Signor 
Tommaso B usee i la. the former 
Mafia and Cosa Nostra leader 
who has turned state's evidence. 

He will be a leading pros- 
ecution witness at the trial, the 
biggest involving the Mafia, for 
which a special high security 
courtroom has been built near 
Palermo's main prison. He 
accused Signor Nino Salvo of 
sheltering him after his escape 
from detention in Turin in 

As Signor Salvo’s health 
worsened, he was released from 
jail and was allowed last 
summer to seek specialist 
treatment at Bellinzona, in 
Italian-speaking Switzerland. 
His cousin has been put under 
house arrest. Tlie two built up a 
business empire based on 
vineyards, tourism and real 
estate, but much of their assets 
have been put under seques- 


North Korea 

From David Watts 

Tokyo - North Korea has 
suspended further contacts with 
the South for the duration of the 
annual South Korea US mili- 
tary exercises starting on Feb- 
ruary 10 (David Warts writes). 

After delaying the decision 
for some time, the two nations 
decided at the weekend to go 
ahead as planned with their 
Team Spirit exercises, involving 
200.000 troops, which last until 
April. North Korea had earlier 
called on the South to cancel the 
manoeuvres as a gesture of good 
faith after reporting the cancel- 
lation of a northern exercise 
starting on February 1. 

The announcement of Team 
Spirit was delayed for some 
time as though the South was 
considering its cancellation. 

Had the South and Ameri- 
cans been willing to respond to 
the North it would have been 
difficult to call off the 
manoeuvres which were in an 
advanced stage of preparation. 

• SEOUL: Two South Korea 
student have been sentenced to 
death for spying for North 
Korea and stirring social unrest 
(Reuter reports}. 

Yang Dong Hwa, aged 27. a 
student of Chosua University, 
and Kim Sung Han. aged 28, 
from Yonsei University, were 
found guilty of violating the 
country's national security law 
by passing political and social 
information to Pyongyang. 
They bad been recruited by 
North Korean agents while 
studying in the US. 

They were also convicted of 
causing anti -govern meat and 
anti-US student demonstrations 
on university' campuses in 
southern areas of the country. 

Poles hitch ride on a White Dragon 

Nothing glitters any more in 
Silver Moon tain, a broken-down 
township perched os the Polish 
side of the Tatra range. Since 
the 17th century silver rush the 
community led a quiet existence, 
barely noticing the arrival of 
communism. It has three shops, 
a school, a bar and more goats 
than people. The conversation 
was limited to soccer, small- 
time smuggling (from Czechos- 
lovakia) and snow - until a few 
weeks ago. 

By Roger Boyes 

Then in a caravan more 
appropriate to Tsar Peter the 
Great, Hollywood rode into 
town, with its cameramen, 
make-up experts, stunt men, 
and bustling production 
assistants with dip and clapper- 

By Hollywood standards it 
was probably a discreet entry. 
Silver Mountain (Srebna Gora 
in Polish) reeled. Within hours 
the villagers were queueing to 
offer themselves and their goats 
as unpaid extras. The film men 
started to adapt the town, 
building a lake well in the 

The invaders had landed in 
Silver Mountain to shoot White 
Dragon, a fantasy film in the 
Steven Spielberg mould. The 
film is not astonishingly orig- 
inal; it is a fairy tale with a 
social conscience deploying 
conventional devices. 

These include a wizard, a 
dragon, murderous thugs em- 
ployed by an evil magnate. to get 
a brave hero, a pretty 36-year- 
old girl, a chase through caves, 
a happy, noisy ending. Just add 
sugar and stir. 

It is the making of the film 
that distinguishes White Dra- 
gon. If it succeeds commercially 
this American-Polish co-pro- 

A mystery white horse protects Allison Balson, who stars 
as a cave guide in the US-Polish fantasy film 

all American box office earn- 
ings. The Poles will keep all 
profits from Comecon, Cuba and 
Mongolia and the partners will 
split Western Europe almost 

The crucial edge enjoyed by 
Poland is that it is a very cheap 
place to make films, boasting 
top directors Andrzej Wajda, 

duction may start a small 
revolution in international film- 

Legend Productions of Los 
Angeles supplies the stars, the 
script and some equipment. 
Poland provides the director, 
the camera-work and the lo- 
cations. CBS win distribute the 
film with the Americans taking 

Krzystof Zannssi and Janusz 
Morgens tern (the director of 
' White Dragon ), expert camera- 
men and technicians and ad- 
equate studios at bargain prices. 
The White Dragon, a full-length 
feature, will be made for a little 
- over Si million. 

•^Nowadays", says Morgen- 
stern “You would he lucky to 
produce a video spot , for tint 
amount," Alina Szpak, a Polish 
emigr£ who is co-producing* 

. reckons the film would have cost 
$9 milli ng to make elsewhere. 

The advantage for Poland is 
in distribution and publicity. 
Polish films are still regarded as 
rather a specialized, exotic 
taste, hardly touching the 
consciousness of general audi- 
ences. The East Europeans have 
never managed to promote their 
films to mass European- audi- 
ences. Under the co-produCthm 
agreement, this is now the 
responsibility of CBS. 

Director Morgenstern had 
the disadvantage of starting half 
way through the shooting 
because the - original director 
Jerzy Domaradzld became QL 
Despite her liking for Polish 
specialities, it was difficult to 
see how 16-year-old actress 
Allison Balson (who plays a 
beautiful blonde guide through 
the caves) managed to survive 
without cheeseburgers and 
peanut butter. 

There are still worries such 
as whether the special effects 
will look professional enough 
but more. East-West co-pro- 
ductions are on .their way. 
Morgenstern has proposals 
from Britain and the United 

And in Silver Mountain the 
villagers have decided to keep 
their lake welL In the bar gossip 
is about films. The bar, of 
course, has been renamed Bialy 
Smok - White Dragon. 

iialifax Cardcash^ 

Monday 7*30 am Nurse Spencer 
withdraws cash after night duty 

Tuesday 8-22 am Mrs. Edwards 
pays her gas bilL 

Wednesday KX58 am Chrissey 
Blake checks her balance. 

Thursday 6JL5 p m RogerWfest 
checks his mini statement and the 

FHdavlL48 pm Ron Baines pays 
in when and where it suits him. 

Halifax Card cash is a new type of savings 
account that pays you good interest and 
also gives you unbeatable Xtra services. 

• Pays money out 

Saturday 2.47 pm Angela and 
Dave Hunt withdraw cash for their 
weekend shopping. 

[lb: Halifax Building Society (Re£ CardcashjT”! 
j Freepost, Trinity Road Hali&x HX1 2BR 
I (No stamp required.) 
l/We enclose a cheque, no: 

Takes deposits 

I for£ (min investment £L) i 

| To be invested in a.Cardcash. accountai: .. | 

. , dfLcc 

i Gives an instant balance 

1 Issues mini statements 


Sunday 1(130 am John Taylor 
transfers £500 from his Cardcash 
account to his 90 Day Xtra account. 

• Orders full postal statements 

• Pays many h ousehold bills free 

• Transfers funds to other Halifax 


•Pays standing orders free 

• Wbrks 18 hours a dayJ-days a week . 

• Pays extra interest for high-balances. 

• More machines than.all the other 

• building societies put together. 



The one that gives you a little^tra 


bring progress 

From Hasan Akhtar, Islamabad 

Pakistan is known to have 
Thetaiwtroundo^^e^ serious reservations- on' both 

^nd ^SsS^apSr- these accounts, primarily be- 
of ladja and Pa^s Pg~ cause of the lingering Kashmir 
ently felled dispute and Ahf pSsence tf 
ences on someoftoe “ g* 1na ^ Xfehaiustan. 
provisions of a proposed peace ^ Bhandari. sought, however, 

R 0 mesh Bhandari, the to reassure, his Pakistani 
wr -ajH opposite number, Mr Niaz 

Naik. toai toe promised viat 
SS discussions, Pakistan this year to Pakistan fay the 
had given its alternative pro- Pr* 11 ™ 5 

Msalf which would be dis- GandK would not-athieve a 
again in March at a breakthrough in the peace treaty 
meeting of the Joint Ministerial negotiations. 

Co mmiss ion. The setback in the treaty talks. 

A comprehensive peace somewhat offset by agree* 
treaty has been under consider- men t on the substance of a 
-ation by the Governments of. legally binding undertaking 
Pakistan and India since late between India and Pakistan not 
1982. Pakistan has proposed a w attack each others’ nuclear 
non-aggression pact and India a installations, 
treaty of peace, friendship an Agreement in principle had 

co 2!P era J loQ : _ n j been reached between Presi- 

The Foreign Mjnurtere and dml aa ^ Mr fJnndhiast 

Secretaries have bcWj^veral D ^ mber Xudiao Foreign 
meetings over the past year and - .... - - - 

once cenain technical detain 

once certain technical details 
arrymgpeiwoauH^uwua. were sorted out. 

According to well-informed weresorauouu 

sources. tgd l a and Pakistan 
hold divergent views on the 
right of the two sides to have 
recourse to international 

A joint statement on the 
Foreign Secretaries' talks. stated 
that both sides had agreed on 
the repatriation of civilian 

fomms, such as the United detainees, in each country on 
Nations the event of a deadlock completion of their 
on bilateral issues. the end of March this year. . 

Delhi reshuffle to 
rejuvenate party 

From Knldip Nayar, Delhi 

A Cabinet reshuffle in the 
wake of a big shake-up in the 
ruling Congress (I) Party was 
intended to “rejuvenate mid 
revitalize the party,” Mr Rajiv 
Gandhi, the Prime Minister and 
president of the party said .' 

Mr Aijun. Singh, who was 
included in the 'Cabinet as 
Commerce Minister only two 
months ago after successfully 
negotiating an accord with, the 
late Sant Harchand Singh 
Longbwal oh Punjab, was made 
vice-president of the ruling 
party. . 

He was reportedly punished 
for the tension and insecurity 
engendered by the question of 
Chandigarh's transfer to Punjab 
in Ueu^ yetrto-be demarcated 
Hihdi-speakihg villages in the 
siate for Haryana. 

Mr Shiv Shankar, an adviser 
of the P.rime Minister on 
Punjab and - other domestic 
matters, was appointed Com- 
merce Minister.. 

Tense calm 
after Sikh 
temple clash 

Delhi (Reuter) - A tense and 
uneasy calm held yesterday at 
Amritsar’s Golden Temple, the 
Sikh’s holiest shrine, as re- 
ligious leaders and security 
forces sought to prevent another 
bloody clash between militant 
and moderate students. 

Paramilitary forces had been 
rushed to Amritsar after viol- 
ence and- gunfire erupted on 
Sunday night, leaving three 
people wounded, plainclothes 
police searched the sprawling 
temple complex and pilgrim 
hostels in the city. 

Earlier yesterday militants 
reoccupied a temple office from 
which they had been evicted on 
Sunday. Police said there was 
some scuffling 

The violence was sparked by 
rival plans to rebuild the Akal 
Tahkt, a temple building dam- 
aged when soldiers stormed the 
Golden Temple in June, 1984, 
to flush out Sikh separatist 

The temple gunbanles height- 
ened further the tension in Sikh- 
dominated Punjab where a 
language survey of 54 disputed 
villages was completed on 
Saturday to help resolve a bitter 
territorial squabble with neigh- 
bouring Haryana state. 

Other changes in the Cabinet 
include: Mr Chandra Shekhar 
Singh, has been made Minister 
for Petroleum Affairs, the 
Oxford-Educated Mr P. Chi- 
dambaram has become Minis- 
ter of State in charge of the 
Department of Personnel, and 
Mr P. A. Sangma. till recently in 
the Ministry of Home Affairs, 
has been appointed Minister of 
Labour. He replaces Mr T. 
Anjiah, now one of the eight 
secretaries of the Congress (I) 

Mr Pranab Mukhepee, was 
dropped as Finance Minister by 
Mr Gandhi when he became 
Prime Minister in 1 984, but was 
retained in the party's parlia- 
mentary board. He has lost his 
position on the board. 

Mr. Gandhi has also moved 
his two former parliamentary 
secretaries. Mr Oscar Fernandes 
and Mr Ahmed Patel, to the 
states as the Congress (11 Party 
chiefs, the former to Karnataka 
and the latter to Gujarat 

face death 

Lahore (Renter) - A Pakis- 
tan court yesterday sentenced 
three Indian Sikh separatists to 
death and seven others, to life 
imprisonment for hijacking 
aircraft to Pakistan. 

A special court judge, Mr 
Fazal Karim, acquitted four 
others and told the 10 they 
could appeal before the Lahore 
High Court within 30 days. 

The Sikhs had hijacked two 
Indian airliners to Lahore, 
capital of Punjab province, iu 
September, 1981, and July, 

The three sentenced to death 
were from a group of nine who 
hijacked an Indian Airlines 
Airbus on July 5, 1984, to 
publicize a demand for: a 
separate “Khalistan" Sikh 
homeland in India’s Punjab 
state. Two of the group were 
sentenced to life imprisonment 
and fonr were acquitted. 

AH five Sikhs who hijacked 
an Indian Airlines 737 on. 
September 29, 1981, were 

sentenced to life imprisonment. 

When the sentences were 
announced the Sikhs, who had 
pleaded not guilty, chanted: 
“Long live Khafistau”, “Death 
to Indian imperialism” and 
“Death to Rajiv Gandhi” 

Heroine of Sandinistas 

Managua (NYT) - The 
Nicaraguan Government plans 
to name a heroine of the 
Sandinista revolution, the 
Deputy Foreign Minister. 
Sehorita Nora Astorga, as its 
chief delegate to the UN. 

An authoritative Govern- 





:oncordeiotrmniversary year 

St.V ALENtinE’S DAY Champagne Flight Feb14-£325 

hhr 20 mirE Supersonic flight- Lunch S-Certiftcate - ' ; . . - ‘ 1 

visrtthfi ^ramids;Sphlnx:.thrTreasQres of Tutankhamuri, 
the Bazaar, Gala Lunch and Supersonic Flights 

Supersonic to Moscow, see .’Romeo and Juliet' at the Bolshoi-. Oty 
sightseeing inc'udlng'Red'Sqaareand the Space Pavtiinn. t night In : 
Moscow. Farewell Gaia Lunch with' Balalaika orchestra. . 

■ . .. : ... . • Canterb’j ry.{0227)f 65967 

Flights oi Fantasy'. Good w Uid .Trs L'mited . 

■ Ho’jst.C.istli? Srreot.Cante r tKjry.Kerit CT t ZQl 

ment source said that Senorita 
Astoiga's appointment would 
be officially announced in about 
a month. He said the 
Government had not decided 
on a new post for the present 
chief delegate, Scnbr Javier 
Chamorro Nora. 



r* -< •• /•■ 


‘The BMW’s powerful straight six engine is a 
gem, and its refined drivetrain, with superb auto 
gearbox and three ratio programs (to suit differing 
driving styles) hard to fault” 

“At 100 mph the 735i is ambling along with the 
engine turning over at 3,200 rpm, and at 120 mph 
(3300 rpm) it is still a relaxing car to travel in.” 


"Its acceleration times put many a true sports 
car to shame, and make the 4.2 litre car that 
we tested alongside seem as asthmatic as a chain- 
smoker attempting to catch Sebastian Coe.” 


'The Seven Series’ 4-speed automatic gearbox 
panders to the Jekyll and Hyde in most of us. It 
transforms this luxurious (but never, ever, sedate) 
German mile eater into a rorty roaring sports car.” 


“One of the best automatics (perhaps the best) 
in the world.” 

"We were very impressed with the acceleration 
of the 728i - indeed we re-checked our figures 
several times to make sure it really was that quick." 


"It is at the petrol pumps that the BMW 732i 
owner really feels the benefit of the Motronic engine 
management system: our example achieved a 
remarkable 22.3 mpg overall, with a worst result of 
-19.8 during performance testing and an almost 
. unbelievable 25.1 on the fast cross-country run." 


"Just as the Daimler is let down - at least for 
those who like a responsive motor car - by its poor 
steering, so a superb steering system is the making 

of the BMW.” WHAT CAR 

“I tried to fool the ABS by braking fiercely 
: with the nearside wheels on damp grass and the 
• other two on a dry road. 

V- I've slammed the brakes on while cornering 
, at speed on a wet, greasy road. If the ABS had not 
performed as intended you probably wouldn’t be 
- reading this article." fast lane 

"Blade thin shutlines put Rolls Royce to shame. 
Roomy luxurious and pretty quick.” fast lane 

’True to form, the BMW's finish is exemplary 
from the mirror-like paintwork through to the 
immaculate assembly of the interior fitments.” 


“If there is such a thing as the world's best car, 
this BMW is as worthy a contender as any.” 


If you’re thinking of spending over £16,000 on 
a luxury car, you don't deserve second best. 

So listen to the critics. 

Send for the BMW 7 Series information file. 
And indicate on the coupon which 7 series you'd 
like to test drive mo^t. 

Then discover for yourself that you can 
s sometimes believe all you read in the papers. 

□Please send me a BMW 7 Series information file, 
i would like to test drive: 

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□ BMW 732i: £18,225 □ BMW732iSE: £20,225 

□ BMW 735i: £20,550 □ BMW 735iSE: £25,995 

(Mr, Mrs, Miss, etc.) Initial Surname 



(Postal Lode) 


Present Car 


Age if 
under IS 

Send to BMW Information Service, PO Box 4o. Hounswi Middlesex. 
Or telephone 01-897 6665. (Literature requests onlv) 



^ ^ty rrh -UAKruAL URaw , .'T6(RWPG:0ft.4y.l60KMi 56 MPHr3i6 MPC 37 ? WJto(lD.2L 




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Referendum threat 

Danish MPs 
likely to reject 
EEC reforms 

From Christopher FoUett, Copenhagen 

A clear majority in the 
Folketing, Denmark’s 179 seat 
Parliament, is expected to come 
out against Danish acceptance 
of the Luxembourg package of 
reforms of the EEC in a key 
vote today, plunging the 'coun- 
try into a crisis with the other 
1 1 member states of the 

The most likely outcome of 
the debate is the passing of a 
motion tabled by the opposition 
Social Democrats and sup- 
ported by leftist and centrist 
parties, rejecting out of hand the 
reforms to the Treaty of Rome 
agreed by the heads of state in 
Luxembourg in December. 

The motion could also call 
for Denmark’s minority centre- 
right coalition, formed by four 
parties, to renegotiate the 

It is highly doubtful whether 
the Luxembourg package can be 
renegotiated to suit Danish 
demands and Mr Poul Schluter. 
the Conservative Prime Minis- 
ter. has threatened to call a 
national referendum on the 
Danish electorate’s attitude to 
the Proposed reforms in late 
February or March, unless 
today's debate shows a broad 
parliamentary majority - in- 
cluding the Social Democrats. 
Denmark's biggest party, at 
present in opposition - for 
accepting them. 

The powerful Social Demo- 
crats object to the reforms on 
the grounds that they bestow 

increased power on the Euro- 
pean Parliament and threaten 
Denmark’s strict environmental 
policies and right of veto in 
EEC affairs. 

Analysts; here are puzzled 
about the quirky behaviour of 
the Social Democrats, whom 
they accuse of creating an 
unnecessary crisis for purely 
domestic and party political 
reasons by playing political 
poker with Denmark's future in 
the Community. Danish indus- 
try. agriculture and fisheries 
support the reforms, but the 
Trade unions are deeply split 

Since the Conservative-led 
minority coalition came to 
power in 1982. after eight 
consecutive years of Social 
Democratic rule, the traditional 
parliamentary consensus 

between the main parties on 
foreign policy, notably member- 
ship of Nato and the EEC, has 

in opposition the often 
incoherent, divided and iso- 
lationist Social Democrats have 
forced Denmark to distance 
itself from Nato policies on 1 
missile deployment and now on 
the reforms, against declared 
policies of the centre right 

With its grave balance of 
payments and foreign debt 
problems and a generally shaky 
economy. most ob- 
serves agree there is no practical 
alternative for Denmark to 
membership of the Community. 

of sexual 

From John Best 

The Royal Canadian Moun- 
ted Police (RCMP) appeared to 
be in a quandary yesterday 
about bow to deal with charges 
of sexual harassment and 
intimidation brought against 
the force by six present and 
former women members. 

The six. all from British 
Columbia detachments, told the 
Vancouver Province at the 
weekend that female officers 
were leaving in record numbers 
because of discrimination 

One woman, who left after 
five years to work for the 
British Columbia provincial 
government, said: M I got tired 
of being propositioned by 
senior officers who thought you 
were a lesbian if you didn't and 
a slut if yon did. When I 
complained I was told I had an 
attitude problem." 

Wives of male officers made 
life difficult for another police- 
woman until she got married. 
“The wives were unbelievable. 
They were ail convinced you 
were sleeping with their hus- 

Still another, who has been 
with the RCMP for almost a 
decade, said: "I have had male 
members park outside my 
house so they could tell 
everybody who I was dating 
and who stayed overnight" 

A spokeman at RCMP 
headquarters here said: "It's 
the first this office has heard 
about it. Without specifics - 
names, times, places - there is 
not much we can do about it." 

Since 1974 the RCMP has 
hired 800 policewomen, of 
whom 236 later left the force. 

ir v4SR 


salBBiSsSt l 

Mr Joseph Kennedy II. son of the late Robert Kennedy, 
and his wife Sheila look on as their son, Joseph, throws 
confetti after bis father announced formally in Cam- 
bridge. Mass, that he would run for Congress. 

Anti-corruption campaign continues 

Peking attacks ‘unhealthy car mania 9 

From Mary Lee 

The Communist Party’s 
mouthpiece, the People's Daily. 
in its latest attack on high-level 
corruption, has highlighted the 
"unhealthy car mania" among 
senior officials. 

In a commentary yesterday, 
the newspaper said the senior 
cadres of some organizations 
whose poor finances made 
payment of salaries difficult, 
nevertheless “puff themselves 
up to borrow large sums to buy 
luxury cars”. 

Some institutions and state- 
owned enterprises, it said, have 
bought "tens of cars which can 

form a motorcade”. De luxe 
models of cars, it added, could 
even be seen in narrow streets 
of county towns, where rural 
cadres used to live frugally. 

“What influence wili such 
ostentation and extravagance 
have?” the commentary asked, 
citing the example of an 
unnamed bureau director who 
borrowed 100,000 yuan 
(£22.000) to buy an official car 
which was then crushed in an 
accident with a truck. “The 
100,000 yuan could have been 
used to build a new primary 
school." it said. 

In another story, the paper 
gave the example of a poor area 
in Jiangxi province where some 

people still had unsufficient 
food and clothing but whose 
departments purchased 1 17 cars 
with misappropriate funds and 
illegally retained profits. 

Observers said that "car 
mania” was an easy target in the 
anti-corruption campaign. They 
doubted, however, whether any 
of the senior officials who had 
secured luxury cars in the past 
year would be punished. 

The anti-luxury car campaign 
explained, however, tfhy the 
8.000 party, government and 
military* officials who attended a 
two-day conference in early 
January on corruption, turned 
up at the Great Hail of the 
People in buses rather than in 

their official limousines, diplo- 
mats said. 

Meanwhile, observers are 
waiting to see which senior 
officials will be jailed or 
executed for breaking the law. 
The call to punish such 
offenders “unfailingly” was 
issued last weekend by Mr Hu 
Qili, heir apparent to the party 
General Secretary, Mr Hu 

In a 1982 revision of the 
criminal law, state personnel 
who lake advantage of their 
offices to commit various 
economic crimes or who extort 
or accept bribes can face life, 
imprisonment or the death 

Rebels murder 
white farmer 
in Matabeleland 

Harare - A 48-year-old white 
bachelor was shot and bay- 
oneted to death by anti-Govem- 
ment guerrillas this weekend, 
police reported here (Jan Raatb 

He was the fifth white to have 
been murdered in the troubled 
western provinces of Matabele- 
land in less than three months, 
most of them in the rolling 
countryside of Nyamandhlovu 

Local residents said the man, 
a railwayman named Gasporina 
who also ran a farm in the 
district, was ambushed at dusk 
as he left his vehicle to open a 
gate on Umgusa Ranch where 
he was expected as a guest for 
the weekend. 

look for bombs trader their cars 
or run security cheeks on their 
foreign girlfriends. The Ameri- 
can abroad has become a prime 
terrorist targeL 

Last year was one of the 
worst. Not only were there the 
spectacular hijackings of the 
.Traits World Airlines flight 
847 and the Achflle Lauro 
cruise, with the murders of 
Robert Stethem and Leon 
KlinghofTer, but marines were 
shot dead in El Salvador, 
Americans killed and maimed 
in bomb attacks at Frankfurt, 
Rome and Vienna airports, US 
diplomats and journalists held 
hostage in Beirut, American 
businesses and interests threat- 
ened by- urban terrorists in 
West Germany, Belgium and 
elsewhere around the globe. 

The US is a prime target 
because of its extensive official 
and commercial presence over- 
seas. Its policies, especially in 
the Middle East, are directly 
opposed by many terrorist 
groups. Pro-Western govern- 
ments supported by the US are 
often those terrorists are trying 
to destabilize. And attacks 
against US targets guarantee 
publicity and exposure on the 
powerful US television net- 

Between 1975 and 1985, the 
State Department calculates, 
more than 5.000 terrorist 
incidents were recorded in the 
world: leaving roughly 4,000 
people dead and 8,000 wound- 
ed. In the past decade almost 
40 per cent were directed 
against Americans. In 1984 the 
US counted nearly 600 inter- 
national terrorist incidents, an 
increase of 20 per cent on the 
average for the six previous 
years. . 

Risks International, one of 
many private security firms 
now advising US firms how to 
protect themselves abroad, 
gave the higher record figure of 
3.525 serious terrorist acts for 
the year. It said 66 attacks, 
more than one a week, were 
staged against multinationals, 
21 of which had a US 
connection. - 

The threat has shaken and 
angered all America. Fighting 

a **“•**— -4 — ■ 

They have in return proposea 
the swifter extradition of 

If/ A IPS 




terrorists formerly protected by 
political status such as mem- 
bers of the ERA. 

Congress has passed the 
3984 Act to Combat Inter- 
national Terrorism, which 
provides for rewards for the 
conviction of terrorists. The 
Export Administration Act 
restricts the sale of certain 
items to countries listed as 
repeated supporters of terror- 
ism. The Anti-Terrorism As- 
sistance Programme allows the 
US Government to help train 

Leon KUnghoffen Achille 
Lauro victim 

year the number of -.seewiw, 
guards will he d®uHed£>:?™ 

The State Department W 
set up a high level office tfr 
combat terrorism. The Army V 
rapidly expanding the strengd-: 
and training of the caraciJDe)^ 
force set up to; deal trltfc 
hijacking and « 

The Central 
Agency is devoting ever n^ . 
time and money to keepjfe - 
track of terrorist groups, a&j 1 
has now built up fbnnidahte 
dossiers. 1 ).• 

With the hardening" of pshfic ’ 
opinion, responsible voices \ 
railing for a return, to covert 1 
action, for the clandestine sale ' 
of defective arms and - bomb 
material that explodes ^ 
terrorists' faces, for assassin- ' 
stion squads . to track down aad 
eliminate the most notation* 
terrorist leaders. 

Nevertheless, the current US ; 
effort to protect its dtizeos 
overseas is being sharply 
criticized as inadequate. And 
increasingly protection ow- - 
seas is being offered by die. 
100,000 security companies in , 
the US. which are enjoying an 
□precedented boom. 

Catalogues list a portable 
“kidnap recovery system," a ' 
device to immobilize ah at- 
tacker witlh a beam of light, a 
car giving off a 6,000 volt shock 
when touched, a “telephone 
handkerchief" that turns a 
woman’s voice into a man's. ■ 
Private security spending, now 
naming at some $22 biltioa-a - 
year, is 50 per cent higher than * 
the total animal budgets for all ; 
IIS police departments and Ok 
F ederal Bureau of Investi- 

None of this will eliminate 
the threat, which officials here - 1 
gloomily predict will grew, T 
“Terrorism is a form of low- 1 
intensity warfare," Mr Robert ' 
Oakley, bead of the State ■ 
Department’s anti-terransa ' 
office, said recently. “It is jot 
an easy one to fight. There are ■ 
no magjc weapons, there are no ' 
quick fixes. We are in the 
smqgjle for the duration." 

Tomorrow: fears at home ; 




...omu-yn * 

P* I . 

a f 

4*-. V> . v 

t- » V? - 

■jfe •* 



White and Azurene Mink Coat 
(one only) 










Mongolian Fox Jacket 
(one only) 



Cross Fox Coat 
(one only) 



Demi Buff Female Mink Coats 


4,9 95 

Yves Saint Laurent Dyed Brown Beaver Coat 
(one only) 



Shadow and Red Fox Tweed Coats 



White Pastel and Dark Mink Stroller 
(one only) 



Oppossuxn and Leather Reversible Jackets 



Sapphire Mink Coats 



Silver Fbx Cape 
(one only) 

23,330 . 


Raccoon and Blue Fox Jackets 



Gruostein Designer Dyed Fox 3 /i Coat 
(entire Grunstdn Collection at half Price) 



Squirrel and Leather Reversible Coat 
(one only) 



White and Sapphire Mink Stroller 
(one only) 



Nutria lined Rain-coats 



Azurene Mink Strollers 



Raccoon Apres Ski Jackets 



Blue Fbx Jackets 



Fitch Coats Trimmed Dyed Brown Fbx 

3,995 , 


Fur Salon. First Floor Personal Shoppers Only. 



Ask for written details. 


tendon SWDOXL0h730t234 ‘ ” 



FASHION by Suzy Menkes 



s*S * 

Versace's fitted car coat 

• Still life and tableaux 
vi varus, make Italian men s 
fashion into an art form. Clothes 
competed with artefacts at 
Soprani's show, where his 
terracotta brown textured tweeds 
h vre shown against clay pots 
and ancient stones in the 
archaeological museum. Ferre's 
runway was suspended high 
above our heads, with his live 
models caufhl in frozen poses, i 
Four silver Atlas figures, poised 
on sculptures of crushed cars 
and supporting a cascade of 
neckties, was the centrepiece for 
Basile. The hi-tech factory was 
mocked up as a car showroom 
with cardboard cut-out Bugattis ■. 
and heaps of shiny nuts and 
bolts. I 

modern dress 

vid® '-shwlder line and worn 
''a- 1 "nth softly, tapered trousers 
.r f > Aotb anp«ssed pleats at the 

,, •> ^ waist. : Xhfe mows the linhfor 

■ r,’ 1 ' idi, iit%i next winter; closer to the body, 

. i wiflKWt a v&dent change of 
S stihowtte; In the sane moo d, 

' J| - iw 1 - ti»l«WJwltefisre^acedhya . 

1 - it. quietlydefiued waist, by darts at 

tie front and double vents 
inahfiy^a. come-back -at the 
' ■’s ,.f back. Ufedooble breasted Iow- 

an buttoned suit has become an 

' W Italian classic. 

SI' The car- coat comes fitted 

. 'lift from Versace, Soprani and 
: Angth Tiitei , whose first 

■ .v, ' A >«• menT*. collection was sure and 
... ... 1 dean; Bis cydamenpink duffel 

jpQi » high fashloa; Ferre had 
^ longercoats shaped -gracefully 
^■■5r 11 i N in at the waist for Impresario 
.N chic. Versace had DiaghHev- 
mJvS taffhed dethttc fake, astrakhan 
^ wH coDarsin rnched silk or curly 
sheepskin. Long coats came In 
'■*i ‘ 2* t blanket-checked tweed co-ordi- 
... /Wj nated ~4D knits from Valentino 
1 -• i., ** and JVfissonL 

- t. r ^ ^ # "Fabric is stiU the story front 
... Italy. N&vehy tweeds are inven- 

i t .urnuru tuite a SfUTie lO 

,n -'tiW shimmer. Silver spots-sparfde at 
.. . Byblos; siher is woven with* 

^<*4 tfanlhnidte grey at Versace; 

* r ' c "»Rfc 1 r i scose makes sports parkas for 
o2 Irmani that ripple like shadows 

• - '■'■••a. ' on water. 

% ii.j . Armani had the clearest 
• r. colours and the surest taste with 

->-,i his modem recreation of 1930s 
j T*v 2!T id tweeds, with knits dabbed with j 
• " j c iilS PtiotA and powder blue on grey. 

■ >■ ’ kllssoajh in. a new collection 
from Marzotto, used furrowed 
" ' ir» 188 tweed. Hke ploughed fields. 
... J 5 Versace had spring flower 
colours from leaf green to iris for 
^ elongated cashmere . cardigans. ■ 
Verri ^ amQ flaked pink and 
liIac " against pale tweeds and 
l' -" 1 *?* rich velvets. 

• •••-a y h ' 

• The «™i cardigan turned 
. I '*'1*1 sophisticated In Valentino’s 
black- knit tuxedo . with «ifk- 
* . »2 j hpeb. A cardigan knotted ap at 
- the must myde a male twinset 
'fcfe for Tarlazzi, who also showed 
■: Si narrow, high-waist trousers. 
Covetfs -V-neck cardigan was 
■ ■■■ ;-: fi teamed with a polo-collared 
r ' r sweater; . Valentino’s with a 
tweedy shawl-collared cardigan. 
j;, The horse was the -knitwear 
" - ter.z' theme for BasQe’s jockey 
sweaters and at Bybias, where 
. -.-••• knife*. ■ andv-prmts'^i’inclnded 

fTniHlmac rani hunting seems , 

as well, as fettersall check, and 
shirts with prints rococo and 
heraldic. The best knots were 
Armani's wizard stitchcraft on 
| perfectly proportioned cream 
cashmere, broken cables from 
Basile, Versace's bright cardi- 
gans and Missoni's coal black 

mm. . : -# # 

|f 1 
1^. %, 

h : 'feV • >' 

j’ v' 4 -, ,7i , v. 

Actor Geoffrey Burridge depicts 

Edwardian elegance in top hat and 

tails in the West End musical 

Gigi - but offstage his wardrobe 

is of a more relaxed style 

A t any party, Geoffrey 
Burridge thanks 
heaven for his tails. 
For the image he 
creates as the dash- 
ing Gallic Gaston in 
Gigi is now reflected in his 

**I went to Gigi after being at 
the National for two years”, he 
says. “After I played the leader 
of the mob in Coriolanus in a 
filthy pair of jeans and a ripped' 
T-shirt, all those changes of 
costume in Gigi seemed a 

Geoffrey Burridge stiU wears 
jeans - his own well-laundered 
Levis - bat he puts them with a 
sharp black cashmere jacket and 
a collar and tie. He forages for 
fashion in a second-hand shop 
in theatreland where he finds 
the wing collared shirts and 
exquisite Edwardian accessories 

which be wears in the play at 
the Lyric Theatre, Shaftesbury 
Avenue. • 

“The whole thing of role- 
playing as an actor is that you 
spend your life being dressed for 
a production”, he says. “1 am 
influenced by the parts I play. 
When I was at the National, I 
rarely dressed up. Yet I 
remember when I was in a 
fringe show called Hollywood 
Babylon that was quite wiltL. 
scurrilous and sordid, 1 had to 
wear a 1950s sharkskin suit. I 
would never have bought such a 
thing, yet in the end I took it 
over. I will even wear it now 
with a black shirt, a bootlace tie 
and black patent shoes.” 

Geoffrey Burridge in Gigi, 
with boulevard! er accessories of 
top hat, gloves and cane; or 
svelte in a cafe au tail frock 
coat, looks every inch a period 

Colourful cheeks 
by computer 

piece.' That - delicately dated 
image was a hallmark, too, of 
his TV appearances in the 
BBCs Sons and Lovers and 
Testament of Youth. 

Yet the real Burridge has 
another role to play; dashing to 
' the gym three times a week to 
work out, taking his voice class 
(he is trained as a singer) or 
arriving at the studio to be 
photographed in 1980s casual 

“The other aspect of my role 
in Gigi is that, because the 
clothes are so stiff and formal it 
is nice to relax", he says. His 
favourite trousers are by Katha- 
rine Hamnett “No fly, no 
waistband, and just so comfort- 

He believes in spending 
money on tailored clothes; he 
shops at Paul Smith which he 
likes for its thoroughbred. 

'i’" : JVl. 

feu*, ^4.* 

modern Englishness and he 
buys big sweaters from Joseph 
or Jones. In the summer he 
wears jeans “a hell of a lot”. He 
came to the studio in black 
Levis, Doc Martens and a 
sturdy sweater. 

For more theatrical 
occasions, he might wear a 
work-of-art shirt hand-painted 
with rococo figures - bought 
from an exhibition of painted 
garments at the Thumb gallery 
by the artist David Shaw. 

If the theatre is about 
illusion, so is fashion. Thirty- 

five-year-old Geoffrey changes 
like a chameleon as he slicks 
back his hair, twirls his cane 
and moulds his well-exercised 
body with tight trousers, waist- 
coat and tail coat. 

With his hair brushed his 
tortoiseshell spectacles or even 
just in a quiet Prince of Wales 
check suit and formal shin and 
lie, he looks sober and discreet. 
In Katharine Hamnett’s cotton 
trousers and a big shirt he is 
playing the role nearest to his 
own life. 

The one constant of his 
appearance is the smile - a flash 
of while that lights up his face 
and looks particularly merry 
under the matinee idol mous- 

For his career he is serious 
and committed, admitting that 
the West End’s eight shows a 
week demand a lot of his energy 

after • the “luxury” of the 
National’s two or three per- 
formances. He left Peter Hall’s 
company in classic showbiz 
style, after he was siar-spoued 
by Alan J. Lemer. while singing 
a late-night show of Jacques 
Brel §ongs. He does nou he says, 
join the showbiz party-go- 

“Because I have to sing 50 
much, if I'm tired the first thing 
that goes is my voice”, he says. 
“The Gigi number is six 
minutes long, like an aria, and 
I'm on the stage , on my own 
with no scenery except for one 
lamp post I am totally exposed 
and I can't risk making a fool of 

There is also the bat, which is 
twirled and outstretched, and 
finally hung up on the lamp 
post while our hero gets on with 
the serious business of singing. 

Far left: Prince ol Wales check 
jacket to suit by Romeo Gigli, £210, 
green and white striped cotton 
shirt, £65, both from Browns. 
South Motion Street. London W1 . 
Purple and green silk printed tie, 
£24 from e selection at Paul Smith, 
43 Floral Street, London WC2 

Centre: White cotton shirt, £65. 
white cotton cricket trousers, £80, 
both by Katharine Hamnett from 
Jones, 71 Kings Road, SW3. Navy 
cotton work jacket, from Paul 
Smith, 43 Floral Street, WC2 

Above: Orange and purple spotted 
silk shirt. £179, navy blue wool 
gaberdine trousers, £149.50, both 
by Jasper Conran from Browns, 
South Motion Street and Harvey 
Nichols, Knlghtsbridge, SW1 

Hair by Nicky Akill 

Photographs by 
Nick Briggs 

Gold balloons and yards of 
white satin were the props on a 
stage set to launch the latest 
cosmetic product from Elizabeth 
Arden. The co-stars in the 
HoOywoed style production 
were a uine-foot-high aerosol 
can and the girl inside it. 

The can rotated, the lights 
were dimmed and out stepped 
Jack! Adams, the new free of 
Arden. She has been signed to 
an exclusive modelling contract, 
her all- American beauty symbo- 
lizing the glamour of a Dynasty- 
style advertising campaign. 

Bat the really important 
member of the cast at this 
glittering presentation was that 
aerosol can. At the touch of a 
button a coloured cloud of foam 
foundation appeared, looking 
tike caramel mousse but not for 
consumption. It was designed to 
feed JackTs free giving her a 
“healthy* luminous .glow” until 
April when the Simply Perfect 
Mousse . Make-up will join the 
rows of hair and bath mousse 
.already In the shops. 




laiwsdeaibn of special cwaripiicmtt. suits, dresses - 
and evening wear.- Sizes B - 16 

Thursday 23 nl and Friday 3fth January 9-30 ajn.-&30 pan: each day 


In the supporting cast of -doKT 

Elizabeth Arden cosmetics is 
Elizabeth, a make-up computer 

equipped with a TV screen, a , .* 

magic wand and a palette of . , 

push-button colours. In return 

for £10 she will paint your free ■■ ' . . . 

to your specification and preseat : |9w ~ 

you with three colour-coded c 
sketches for three • • r 

separate occasions. 

Elizabeth is on stage at 
Selfridges this weekend and will ■ . , .. 

four Harrods in February. . 

Banana, Watermelon and ' V !’"■ 

Indigo are some of the colours In ’■ . ■ / : 

a new cosmetic range forma- .. Vi'4cV 

lafod by Molton-Brown for ! ' ■•j fe yo-."" • v 
Next. Colour co-ordination has " . 

already been the success story • Tf 

for the Next chain of shops and >''' 
they have now taken the theme 

a step farther for spring ’86. : vc • 
Sleek. grey packaging bearing a •. - ' 

white Next logo yields lipsticks, '*' • '' - v - ^5* ^ 

blushers, eye and naQ colours ho ; J 

delicious shades for reasonable jgaf •;%. .* 

prices, starting at £1.99 and ■ ; " ’ ' - 

selling in all branches from the m- ■' - - 
beginning of February. SB 

By March, Next cosmetics j. - ■ 

will extend to a skin, hair and v ;••• - 

sun care range for both men and . j 

women. ' ■ ■ - - ' 

Rebecca Tyrrel AU- American beauty; Jacki Adams at Elizabeth Arden 


' -jli) 



Monday-rFriday 9-6 - Saturday 9-1 

56-58 Duite Street, 

, . off Oxford Street, . 

London, W1 hi 6HS. 




AjA r~ 


You’ve heard it ALL before 
WE don’t sell gimmicks! 


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Open: Mon— Sunday 10 a.m.— 6 p.m. 


TELEPHONE: 01-186 0629 

Member of the BFTA 





The winning Channel Tunnel Group consortium faces a huge engineering challenge in launching its shuttle service by mid- 199 1 . - .,. 


The effect of yesterday’s go-ahead for a 

fixed cross-Channel rail link could 

create up to 5,000 new jobs and secure 

the employment of 25,000 other workers 

T he Channel Tunnel will 
be the biggest civil 
engineering project this 
century. They are the 
words of Bill’ Shakespeare, one 
of the spokesmen for the 
Channel Tunnel Group. The 
claim was not exaggerated. 

What is not in doubt is the 
project's aim: to build a fixed 
link, consisting of two single 
track tunnels, each with a 
diameter of 7.3 metres, and a 
sen-ice tunnel with a diameter 
of 4.5 meires between Britain 
and France, with access 
terminals at Cheriton. north- 
west of Folkestone. Kent, and 
Frcihun, south-west of Calais. 
The tunnel’s total length mil be 
some 32 miles, or 50 kilo- 
metres, 37 of which will be 
below water. 

W’hat remains uncertain is 
whether the project can be 
completed within the limits of 
lime and expense that the 
Channel Tunnel Group, the 
Anglo-French consortium 
which yesterday had its plan 
adopted by the governments of 
the two countries, put forward 
in its submission. 

The CTG says the runnel 
could be operational within four 
and a half years from the start 
of construction work. Given a 
year for final design and 
development work, the prep- 
aration and signing of an Anglo- 
French treaty for the project, 
the drafting and passing of 
enabling legislation and the 
completion of commcrical con- 
tracts. that could mean the first 
shuttle trains arriving at their 
respective cross-Channel desti- 
nations in mid- 1 991. 

CTG has costed the venture 
at £2,330 million, at 1985 
prices, of which half would be 
spent on the tunnelling work. 
Here, changes in the rates of 
inflation, together with other 
economic variables, could add 
to costs, but the consortium is 
confident of its financial re- 
sources. The CTG group made 

much of the lower cost of its 
scheme compared with its rivals 
for government approval, 
especially the bridge-tunnel 
road and rail Euroroute scheme 
proposed by a group headed by 
Sir Nigel Broackes of Trafalgar 
House. That venture was 
variously costed at between 
£4.700 million and £7.500 
million, including allowances 
for inflation. 

CTG's scheme appealed to 
the government-appointed as- 
sessors and ministers anxious to 
calculate the fixed link's poten- 
tial political advantages, be- 
cause it combined relatively low 
costs, borne by private inves- 
tors. with comparatively fewer 
technological risks, and pro- 
vided extra jobs, at least during 
the construction period. 

The tunnel's engineering 
work wifi involve the creation 
of at least 5,000 jobs, CTG says, 
and will also involve about 
25.000 other workers in Britain. 

CTG says the engineering 
and construction work will be 
spread across Britain, with 
contracts going to companies in 
the North, the Midlands, 
Scotland and Wales. 

Last year. CTG estimated 
that £130 million-worth of pres 
cast concrete tunnel linings 
would be required from com- 
panies in the Midlands and 
North of England. Reinforcing 
steel, worth some £15 million, 
would come from Wales and 
the North-east, while cast-iron 
tunnel finings from the Mid- 
lands and North-east arc likely 
to be worth £30 million in 

The tunnel-boring equip- 
ment, together with remaining 
construction plant, will be 
bought from all parts of Britain, 
CTG says, but with most being 
made in the East Midlands and 
in Scotland. It is likely to be 
worth £100 million in orders. 

Other raw materials, mostly 
cement and aggregates, will 
come from the South-east and 

I I 

Gr :'- 1 

r U ' 

n ; t ^ 



South-west, as well as from 
Wales, at an estimated cost of 
£30 million. A system to 
remove spoil from the tunnels 
is likely to come from Scotland 
and the North-west of England, 
and be worth £24 million. 

I quipping the tunnel and 

providing specially built 
/rolling stock for 

E ! 

roiling stock for the rail 
link will add to the cost 
and provide extra jobs. Power, 
lighting, signalling and control 
equipment will be manufac- 
tured in the Midlands, the 
North-east and South-west, 
CTG sav5. at a cost of £97 
million: £24 million is likely to 
be spent in the North and 
South-west on ventilation and 
cooling equipmenL 
Finally, the locomotives and 
rolling stock should provide 
work in the engineering indus- 
try in the Midlands and North- 
west. CGT expeas to spend 
£160 million on them. 

The French members of the 
consortium, linked under the 
title France Manche, predict 
that about the same number of 
jobs will be created, directly and 
indirectly, as in Britain, many 
in similar industries. 

When work begins on the site 
at the Shakespeare Clift Dover. 
CTG will be able to take 
advantage of the extensive 
workings begun there, and at 
Sangatte, near Calais, in 1974. 

The CTG consortium in- 
cludes several large British civil 
engineering groups, Balfour 
Beatty. Costain. Tarmac, Taylor 
Woodrow and Wimpey, as well 
as some of their French 
counterparts. Even with their 
combined experience, the tun- 
nel will present major engineer- 
ing challenges. 

One big advantage, though, is 

the geology of the Channe 
along the tunnel's route. A layer 
of lower chalk, subdivided into 
chalk marl as well as white and 
grey chalk stratas, runs between 
Britain and France at this point. 
Impervious to water, it is ideal 
tunnelling materiaL 
Near the French coast, 
however, the tunnel will rise 
above the lower chalk layers, 
and a grouting technique, 
injecting a cement and clay 
mixture into the ground, will 
have to be employed before 
tunnel sections can be worked. 

Gregory Neale 


Channel Tunnel Croup’s 
scheme in partnership with 
France-Manche is costed at 
£2.67 billion at current prices; 
but when all costs, like those of 
servicing bank loans, are ta k e n 
into account the bill is expected 
to be £4.2 billion. In addition, 
another £1 billion is baring to 
be secured as a contingency fnnd 
to cover any unexpected over- 
runs on costs. 

There are several main 
phases in raising the money. 
Already some £25 million has 
been 'spent and this together 
with about as much again is 
being injected by the founder 
shareholders In CTG. 

On the British side, these 
include two of the high- street 
banks. National Westminster 
and Midland, - with fire large 
construction companies^ With 
smaller stakes are Granada and 
Mobil Oil. 

In France the founder share- 
holders, in addition to five 
construction companies, indhde 
two banks, .Credit Lyonnais and 
the Banqae Nationale de Paris. 

When later this year the 

second reading of the Channel 
Tunnel BQl is completed in the 
Commons, the intention is to 
float £150 million in equity 
financing to provide additional 
capital before the legislation is 
passed and the concession 
enters into force. Without 
parliamentary upset this should 
be about March, 1987. 

That is when the second big 
financing to foot the construc- 
tion bills will take place. There 
are already promises of bank 
support to the extent of £4 J. 
billion. Some 34 international 
banks, including those which 
are founder shareholders, .have 
made provisional c ommi tments 
to provide op to this amount in 
development loans. -The main 
backing is from -European 
hanks, but 13 Japanese banks 
have signalled their intention to 
put up £L64r billion. V"" 

the same time another £1 
billion will be sought by share 
pUkdiigs in London and Paris. 
Iq the • United ■ States CTG’s 
interests are being looked after 
by Salomon Brothers; but so far 
there are so plans for direct 
share 'offerings on Wall Street. 

lln'a- drive for as wide a public 
shareholding as possible the 

main targets will, in addition to 
Europe, be the United States 
and Japan. 

CTG is budgeting in the first 
fall year of operation for an 
operating revenue in excess of 
£400 million against operational 
costs of some £80 million. On 
this basis there would he a 
dividend in the first 12 months, 
running into 1994, of 17 to 20 
per cent, according to CTG. 
Subsequently the return is 
expected to be around 20 per 

CTG has been negotiating ah 
option for £750 million from the 
European Investment Bank, but 
says tiutf because of the big 
response from the international 
banks this may not be needed. 

The bank loans are intended 
to be wiped off by the issue of 
loan paper. - AH loans are 
intended to be paid off over 18 
years. CTG has - gives an 
undertaking to earmark . the 
maximum of available ea rni ngs 
for shareholders' dividends. 
Those subscribing for the £150 
million in shares later this year 
will get preferential treatment in 
recognition of extra risk. - ’ 

Derek Harris 


Of the 10 entries bt-tha fixed- 
fink stakes those sl itiisted, 
excluding the sucranfoKCTfi, 
were Euroronte, a driye-tiuteqtb 
bridge and tunnel- aossiii£iiitii 
a separate Tafl tunnek l&F*. 
bridge, a: rail tunnel aud drirt^ 
through “tube 
Channel Expressway, a lrwtf 
and rail tunneL , . .v 

Using, Brown and Root (UK), K 3 ? >3^7] 
□rivt-Uiraigti tub* bridge*; v;_/'- 

. . -Mp&raoa 


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The finest service in chauffeur drive 

Short, sharp - but a failure? 


Nearly a year ago, 

military-style detention 

centres were adopted 

for young offenders - 

but the results have 

often been disappointing 

The Conservatives voiced iheir 
enthusiasm at the 1979 party 
conference when William Whi- 
relaw, then Home Secretary, 
announced the “short, sharp 
shock” for young offenders as 
part of the Tory drive for law 
and order. But those who 
applauded then would now 
probably be astonished and 
even angry if they could see 
what is really happening in at 
least one detention centre, 
where the hand line has been 
softened and boys are allowed 
such privileges as television and 

Not only have the supposedly 
military-style detention centres 
been adapted to a less rigorous 
regime, with formal drills and 
extra. physical education 
dropped, but they have failed to 
be effective deterrents, accord- 
ing to the Home Office. And a 
further irony is that punish- 
ments, including beatings, alleg- 
edly handed out by the boys 
themselves at kangaroo courts 
at one centre are far tougher 
than anything envisaged by the 


6.45 Kitchen boys wash and 
shave, makeup bed pack, dean 
bed spaces. 

7.15 Dormitory Inspection. 

7.20 Dining hall tor breakfast . 
£00 Prepare rn rocker room for 

8=8.15 Work parade and - 
Inspection. School parties.go to 
physical education until 9.0, the 
rest to work. 

12.15 Cease work. Roll check. 
12.30 Serve lunch. Mall 
distributed. ~ 

13-00 Clothing exchange of 
Ul-fitting garments. . 

13.40 Work parade. Trainees go 
to classes, physical education or 
work. - - • 

16.45 Cease work. Strip, wash 
before going to dormitory. Change ; 
from overate Into bestprfson\ 4' . 
uniform. ■ =: 

174)0 To dining had for tea'.- 
184)0 Disperse to evening. -.V 
dasses, library or chaplain. \ ■ 
19.30 Even'mgdassesceasa, -' 
Trainees to dining hafls for 
association, table tennis, and darts. 

20.15 Serves 
20.50 To dormitories: Dormitory 
officers available tbshbw howto 
fold kit answer queries and 
discuss problems, 

21.10 Check dormitory numbers .- 
and hand over to night patroL 
22.00" Lights out 

‘We don’t have 
drill - we teach 
them to parade 4 

Today, almost a year since 
the announcement that the 
experimental regime would be 
extended to all detention 
centres oh March 6, 1985. the 
“short, sharp shock” remains 
the target of fierce criticism 
from penal reform groups. 

The regimes had proved to be 
“one of the most clear-cut 
failures of modem penal _ pol- 
icy”, according to Ms Vivien 
Stem, director of the National 
Association for . the Care and 
Resettlement of Offenders. 

A Home . Office evaluation 
report in 1984 concluded that 
the military-style regimes, had 
neither deterred those leaving 
the centres from committing 
more .qffences nor. .had any 
apparent effect on general levels 
of crime. Seven out of 10 youths 

leaving detention centres . are 
known to be reconvicted within 
two years. . 

Detention centre staff have 
been caught in an impossible 
dilemma between what the 
centres were supposed to be and 
the practical task' of handling 
youngsters in a way - which 
stimulates them. 

Mr Fred Abbott, governor of 
Whatton Detention Centre, 
near Nottingham, said: “We 
don't have drilL As part of the 
induction, we teach them how 
to parade.” 

None .'of the four inmates, 
aged between IS and 20, I 
talked to said they had felt a 
“short, sharp shock” at What- 
ton. Earlier periods on remand 
had prepared two' of them for 
the regime there. 

The Government’s shock tac- 
tics rhetoric conflicts with fome 
deeply held traditions in the 
prison service. They centre on 
the wish to rehabilitate, embo- 
died in Rule 1 of the prison 
rules: that emphasizes that 
prisoners should be encouraged 
and assisted to lead a good and 
useful life. Then there is Rule 4, 
which requires that offenders be 
assisted to develop personal 
resources and aptitudes. 

But how can that be done in 
three weeks, the shortest sup- 
posed shock the court has 
available to them? The longest 
sentence may be four months,, 
but courts are not making the 
fullest use of the centres. In 
December only-414 places were 
taken out of the 720 available in 
the sit junior centres and 978 
out of 1,197 in 1 1 senior ones. 

Mr Paul Ripley, education 
officer, says: “All boys have 
elementary training at computer 
keyboards. We specialize in 
numeracy and literacy training 
with the computer as a tool," 
The boys are.also taught doriv 
y ourself skills. 

But alongside the official 
rules and discipline, boys say 
they learn from each other, the 
hidden, harsher code- of 4he 
kangaroo court; with punish- 
ments meted, out at secret 
sessions held by -trainees. If 

anyone is. 1 found;, guilty -.-of: 
“omteinB 7 ] or “nicking** — some 

af the wor 

oi tee worst offences against the 
underworld code covered' 
with a blanket while other 
detainees* wearing; slippers, 
jump on him.. The sting is taken 
out by the blanket and slippers,, 
boys say.- But if anyone is 
marked, he will claim to staff, 
that rt has been done accidently. 

But when we put the bays* 
claims to staff ' they said they 
had not heard of any such secret 
courts. •- Mr Ian Macintosh, 
branch secretary of the Prison 

Officers' Association said that if 
they did go on they were well 
concealed. “Certainly, we would 
stamp on it with a heavy foot” 

'Whatton. has not figured 
among the .detention centres 
about which allegations have 
been made of mistreatment of 
trainees. Police are-investigating 
allegations about Aldington, in 
Kent, and about Eastwood 
Park, near Bristol, and a formal 
inquiry has been held into an 
incident at the Usk centre, in 
South Wales. 

Other allegations ..'have been 
made about Send in Surrey, but . 
the Prison Department says 
they cannot be investigated 
because they were anonymous, 

Peter Evans 


1 Roar (6) 

5- Effeminate (4) 
8 Decree (5) 

9 Stretch (7) 


H Desire-f 

13 Fall, in drops (4) 

15 Sea scientist (13) 

17 Goailike animal (4) 

18 Renounce (8) 

21 Sound measure (7) 

22 Shelter (5) 

23 Run away (4) . 

24 -Nun’s bead doth r . 



2 Heath shrub (5) . 

3 PenaitCJ) 

4 Salix Babylonica 

5 Manage (4) 

6 Sovereign (7) 

7 Ingrained (4,6) 

10 Research (10) 

12 Pig grim i (4) 


1 Nosed 4 Whisper 8-Terra 9 lofano WCb'mi 
DOWN: 1 Notice 2 Scram 3 Dialogue 4 White 

14 Body powder (4) 

16 Moral (7) • ■ 

19 Blacksmith's block' ft > ?• 








FTi* -j’Srt 




.'*’' it ':’" <TS 

Caspar Nehen Brecht’s 


Riverside Studios 

Classical Antiquities 
from Private Collections 
in Great Britain/ 

Rule Britannia! - 


Ti* 3 **? d J sma i ®“® Sotheby’s 

tries te.fpjrget, and there would J 

be ji# r .fieed to warm over the ' .... 

English- ^ National - Opera's 

** Selections from the 

raise larger issues qC-program- n . r ' 

ming poBcy. when the Norwest Readers Digest 

Holst series was- announced, in rftlWfinn 
1983; ft seemed a sensible idea: AAmCCUOIl 
cheap stagings of limited life Wildenstein 
would gfve ns the chance to see — UCT1SlC1D 
operas, especially those requir- 
ing .large • choral' forces, that 
might otherwise never have been 1 
produced professionally. ■ . 

\ . did not turn out quite so 
simply. The producers of Rienzi, 

Mazeppa and Moses, all acting 
no doubt-after deep, honest and 
serious ' consideration of the 


might otherwise never have been' Wi fo foe almost mythical status that 
produced professionally. . j Brecht has assumed in the history of 
\ did not. tunront quite so twentieth -century theatre, ft is no 
stmjby. The producers of Rienzi, doubt only lo be expected that the 

Am CouocD ^ 

serious consideration of the ™° rk of Gasp®* Neher, at 
scores, still all decided to set Studios until February 16, should be 
their' assigned operas as twenti- lagged “Brecht’s Designer”, rather. as 
etb-eeatury- ' political-military if that was. lhe. only worthwhile 
dranias- And so the one value of function. Neher ever served. True, by 
(be serial - that ft would give concentrating almost exclusively on 
thea^^al Efe to works we might Neher's Jong working relationship 
othmjMse know only from tbe witii Brecht, which rather suprismgly 
printed page or from a recording -weathered a long separation while 
- TV** *> say the least of it, Brecht was in exile from Hitler’s 
severny compromised. Germany and Neher was enjoying a 

One is not argmng that the fhutftd and prolific career there, the 
productions should have been show does achieve a certain neatness 
somehow “neutral : far fro* it and coherence; but, if .we. are 
The point is merely that the interested in Neher in his own right 
theatrical qualities of these rather than merely as one of the 
works, have by no means been Brecht constellation, it gives an 
fully explored; and. if anyone irritatingly one-sided view, 
says that they have, then one That small grouse apart: however, 
needs some explanation of how jt must be admitted that the show is ■ 
it was that the three productions unusually satisfactory as an art 
ended., up -looking so similar: exhibition. That is because, though 
Where is this link that so Neher was famed for the complete 
strongly, unites early Wagner, practicality of h ^theatrical thinking. 

■ wiriRBfct " was, - to me least oi it, 

■ * thove «£! sevw^iy compromised. 

-lector Gne is not arguing that the 
: 'uv.f ^ afoot productions should have been 

ir.i ;-7 l06 iZ^ somehow “neutral": far from ft. 

' ' i m f: rat 1 The P®*® 1 *s merely that the 
•* •* i !n>i 1 theatrical qualities of these 
... works. have by- no means been 

' “"*■ fully explored; amt if anyone 
that- they hare, then one 
needs some explanation of how 

. it was that the three productions 

1 ' fc y*"sa» ■ ended., up -looking so similar: 

-- Where, is this link that so 
. ......... strongly, unites early Wagner, 

^ inferior - Tchaikovsky and. late 


But, setting aside the merits 
■ ofthese three productions, there 

‘ r is still the question of whether 

, die right operas were chosen. 
... 'min.j After alt ft was a curiously 

his training and background as a £:V£;^ui<s r ; 

painter are always in evidence in his 

actual designs. They never seem to be A 

merely an aide-memoire for. those 

charged with the realization: they are ?!*£&& , Jf- 

beautifully fluid watercolours which 

would guide scene-painters and 
costume-makers not only - to the r. A* 
physical shape 'of the sets and 
costumes but also to the atmosphere 
-and -feeling they . are. intended ' to . 


. In the work for Brecht particularly j ^ >'** > 
one can see Neher’s close conneo- yr.vA^V*-! 
. lions with the Neue -Sachlichkeit 
movement in painting, major figures . ^ 

of which were friends' and contem- 
po rapes. Many ofthese stage pictures - •- * : ** ]T. 
belong appreciably to the same world r ll' f -J- 
of sentiment as Hubbuch's drawings | it. 

of depressing happenings in the 
midst of urban squalor, or Grosz's f.*"' 

savage views of the over-fed hour-. -.:■*** 
veoisie at play: in recreating “the . : • 'if ‘ 
jungle of cities" Neher is quite their ; . , t : 

Because of its chosen limitation, 
the show leaves out Neher’s work, - V 

much of it operatic, during the 13 
years. that he had no communication u/hai ic 

with Brecht and did not work on any eluln 
Brecht production (from The Seven 
Deadly Sins in 1933 to the second “? J* 

Mother Courage in 1 946). It is a pity. g|“E ‘JJJj 
since, as John Willett observes in the “JrJrV™" 
book/catalogue which accompanies P 

the exhibition, it was during this time .° u * f 

that Neher had the chance to develop 
his “mastery of period and detail" 11131 ^ ener 
which was to prove invaluable in the __ . . 

laler Brecht designs. l 

The fact that he could get on all Classical j 
right with the Nazi authorities, even- Collections 
though he did not like them, is an by’s. until 
interesting pointer he was not. after those invali 
all, the only artist connected with the tools for ; 
Neue Sachlichkeit to stay in Ger- Professor 
many and use his established style to consists c 
ends which, being non-political wen: photograph 
not positively objectionable to the is- now ho 
regime. And Mr Willett in any case London. Pi 
seems to feel that Brecht's alternative the caialogi 
of trying to reach an accommodation preservatioi 
with Hollywood, the “lie market", archive, am 
was almost as dangerously a shaking 29 owners 
hands with the deviL Britain hav 

fiy-vr-*- v*v :t : *-.r 


Mrs Peach nm savours her Cordial Medoc: costume design by Caspar 
Neher for Pabst's film of the Brecht/Weill Threepenny Operas and the 
“Armada Portrait" of Queen Elizabeth I from Rule Britannia t 

jw. -* > '? 

“ Hi,. 

r J? 


What is surprising is that Neher’s 
style remains so consistent through- 
out, and that despite their differing 
routes through the Nazi years he and 
Brecht were able to come together 
again so peaceably. Presumably the 
notoriously difficult Brecht realized, 
what is self-evident from this show, 
that Neher was quite simply the best. 

The Ash mole. Archive, the im- 
mediate excuse for the show of 
Classical Antiquities from Private 
Collections in Gnat Britain (Sothe- 
by’s. until January 31). is one of 
those invaluable and too little known 
tools for art scholars: created by 
Professor Bernard Asbmole, it 
consists of more than 10,000 
photographs of ancient sculpture and 
is- now housed at King’s College. 
London. Proceeds from the sale of 
the catalogue will all go towards the 
preservation and ordering of the 
archive, and with this cause in view 
29 owners of classical antiquities in 
Britain have been persuaded to put 

them on public exhibition, in some 
cases for the first time ever. 

The works come from Eton, 
Harrow. Chatswonh. Pel worth, 
Holkham and various other private 
institutions or individuals, and range 
in time firom a Cycladic idol to a 
couple of third-century marble 
portraits. It is, appropriately enough, 
a show which should go right to the 
hearts of those people most likely to 
use the Ashmole Archive; for the less 
specialized it has its charms in 
plenty, in the extraordinary quality of 
its ceramics, the stark simplicity of 
its metalwork, and the undeniable 
fascination of seeing whether one can 
detect for oneself how much any 
given piece - the monumental red 
porphyry foot of unknown prov- 
enance and purpose, for instance - 
owes to its original creators and how 
much to the an of some eightecnih- 
ccntury restorer. 

Visitors to Sotheby's whose inter- 
ests do not range quite so far back in 
time may well enjoy looking in on 

the loan show towards the Bond 
Siree side. Role Britannia! t until 
January’ 29), which as you might 
guess is in aid of a more immediately 
philanthropic cause, specifically the 
Royal National Lifeboat Institution. 
Though many of the exhibits have 
little strictly artistic interest - models 
and memorabilia mostly - there are 
also enough paintings of naval events 
and persons with maritime associ- 
ations. starting with the “Armada 
Portrait’* of Queen Elizabeth J. to 
engage the interest of the least 

Particularly worth noting arc one 
of Clarkson Stanfield's grandest 
compositions, of The Victory Being 
Towed into Gi trailer with Nelson 's 
Body on Board, and James Holland's 
finely atmospheric Greenwich Hospi- 
tal, while for connoisseurs of the 
bizarre there is the Dickinson and 
Foster Members of the Royal Yacht 
Squadron (1S95). all set out in rows 
at the landing-stage in a way 
calculated to delight any surrealist. I 
would also recommend John Rus- 
sell's rather dyspeptic pastel of 
Captain (though by then Admiral) 
Bligh's wife, which looks at a glance 
like a Renoir about a century too 
early. Poor lady: she probably had 
quite a lot to put up with. 

Just over the road aL Wildenstein 
is another loan exhibition which docs 
not seem to be in aid of anything in 
particular, except the no doubt 

worthy cause of impressing us with 
the superior taste and acumen of Lila 
Acheson Wallace, co-founder of 
Reader's Digest. Plus, presumably, 
reminding us that Reader's Digest. 
like so many major American 
corporations, takes its role of patron 
and supporter of the arts with 
becoming seriousness (the restor- 
ation of Monel's house and gardens 
at Givemy is just one of its 
benefactions). Bui. a Pier all no 
excuse it really needed for showing us 
so many beautiful paintings which 
we do not usually have a chance to 

These Selections from the Reader's 
Digest Collection (35 in all), which 
may be seen until February S, witness 
to a good, if for the 1 940s somewhat 
conservative, middle-of-the-road 
taste. Monet, apparently, was Mrs 
Wallace's favourite painter, but in 
some ways the examples of less- 
favoured Impressionists, such as 
Sisley's Women Laundering or 
Pissarro's very late Sunset at Morel. 
are more remarkable. Other selec- 
tions are agreeably unhackneyed:. 
Matisse’s dark-ioncd Anemones and- 
Mirror, for instance, or Soutine's, 
apparently straightforward but 
curiously menancing Landscape at 
Cerei. And for sheer sensuous delight 
Vuillard's essay in the fairly unfami- 
liar genre of Seascape, dating from 
1906! would be very hard to beat. 

John Russell Taylor 

-: x arobivaleat : choice^ tiutfc 
t _ il W made;. these were . toAbe 
■ ■■■■• -j operas that demanded to 
seen, but tody once, and then 
1 cheaply. They were : tb be good 
. pieces, but nqt •• that ...good. 

• -^.raa Perhaps Mazeppa, of tbe tnree. 
-srr-vsa does fall into this category of 
cherishable mediocrity, , but 
Rienzi and Moses are far tod 
interesting, and problematic 1 to 
^ be dismissed after a . single 
outing. It would be nice to think 

9 the Norwest Holst productions 
were try-outs, but ft is. more 
ii|> likely these works will now- be 

Lil v» put back on the shelf. 

Not only has the appetite for At 
them been, however -bloodily, aui 

Terry Gilliam (right), 
. director of the 
controversial Brazil, 
has at last won the 
battle to haye hir’ 
film released in 
America: Ivor Davis : 
• reports' from 
L6s Angeles 



Lack of individuality 


Baffling cloud of witnesses 

Festival Hafi/Radio 3 

There are bound to be odd 
occasions when the random 

commonly voices from lhe 
future, whether the awesome 
grandeur of Bruckner in the 
startling harmonic progressions 
of the Sanctus. or the emotional 
Mariolatrv of Gounod, or the. 

schedules of concerts on the almost savage drama of Verdi. 
South Bank bump together One wonders how the Mass 

interestingly, and here was one. could have sounded before 
While last Tuesday night's these voices declared them- 
performance of Beethoven's selves more fully, before 
Missa solemnis under John Bruckner’s motets sanctioned 

Eliot Gardiner was still fresh in bold harmony as an expression 

Not only has the appetite for At the weekend American Gilliam, who called his film porary E flat setting ot tne 

them been, however AlbodBy, : audiences- at. - last r had - the- “Walter Mitty meets Franz office. 

iMMged, but the ENO might .opportunity 4o see Teny CD- Kafka", refused to change the The comparison was perhaps 

well think they were negating -liam’s darkly ^ comic film Brazil, ending and, as often happens in responsible for Bern ms ap- 

the whole point of the Norwest Universal Studios, who pm up such cases, the studio took the preach seeming so uninvolved. 
Holst series if they now more than S8 million of the S 15 picture over and noted they had though the acousucs must share 
prepared full-scale productions million required to make the theright to approve the final cut the blame: the Festival Hall is 
of Rienzi or Moses. And so we picture, had deemed, it finally because Gilliam’s version, ac- no place in which to field a 

the memoty, Gary Benini 
arrived to conduct BBC forces 

ci HL2? U F er £li ^ Here, however, all the voices over translations rather than 

s film porary E flal setting ot tne mutet ^ as jf nature of subtitles were used. 

■e'lbe The comparison was perhaps melc£ • i t nol ^5 r ^L w - was **: 

ensin responsible for Bertini's ap- ^.th archive being continuously 


of Christian fear before God’s 

Here, however, all the voices 
were muted, as if the nature of 
the performance had been 
derided by the ambling melo- 

Greece - The Hidden War was 
one of the new-style documen- 
taries that have been appearing 
on Channel 4 made to this 
recipe: take one taboo subject 
(in this case the Greek Civil 
War), add archive footage, 
witnesses and a n on-aulhorita- 
live commentary, and “Hey 
PresioP'. But this lime it failed. 

There were too many wit- 
nesses - so many one could not 
follow the thread of any one 
person’s story - and, for the 

second episode of colour foot- ground, so the tensions which 
age of napalm exploding which emerged amongst the group 
left one wondering if material tended to be ignored in favour 
from a South-East Asian docu- of icy landscapes, 
mentary had strayed inio the The experiment unearthed 
wrong cutting room. liule new physiological data and 

And so finally to the ideal- passed up a splendid oppor- 
ogy. which was essentially tunity to examine the psycho- 
scniimcnu leftist. Dunng the logical stresses. At the end one 
Civil War both sides (Commu- was left wishing that ex- 
nists and Government) were pedilions like this would take 
butchers, not just the right, and writers with them in future, as 
together they must be held they would be better able to 
responsible 1 tor- the following express the experiences of acute 

(ir*ran« rtf ciiftpnnp ■ True k ihp 1 

sake of economy, dire voice- decades of sufferingJ This is lhe loneliness and deprivation than 

- i . - • . ■ h icInnM f Inlth (innl 1 nnf nn r . i • - ■ J* J ■ 

responsune tor Deram* ap- 0 f the opening of the 

p roach seeming so uninvolved, Credo ^ soloists in- 

though the aa>usucs mu« share jected ufe into the evening. 

historical truth (and !< not par- ihe scientists did here, 
ticularly contentious) but' no 

mention was made of Commu- Roll out the Barrel (Beer and 
nist atrocities in programme Skittles. Channel 4). the first of 
number three. a new scries of cartoons about 

of Rienzi at Moses* Apd so we picture, had deemed, it finally because GiUtams version, ac- no piace in wmen io acta a soru bring n0 more than 
hare probably tost the chance to worthwhile to release this black cording to his contract, - was 17 choir of 40 mid expect uiem to 4^010^ vulgar m xhe “£t 

- ri-ff} see these operas done in XJondon comedy._ This is considered a minutes too long. 

•- r-- with tbe resources -they need m^jor victory; for Gflliam, who The movie might have died 
. . - : at least until : we have all for several months had waged, in America or been banished-to 

- * - forgotton about the last three blistering and now effective video shopr when . GilKam 
. seasons at the Cohseom. guerrilla warfere to get his openly declared war on Univer- 

- - A well-intentioned effort, picture screened. ' sal He took full-page advertise- 

.. laudably backed by industrial The film has already been meats in tbe Hollywood trade 
. •’:?>; sponsorship, seems therefore to shown for one week only in late papers, asking “Dear Sid Shein- 
lave missed its mark. -Works Eteceinber in Iqs Angeles, to berg, when are you going-, to 

make a grand noise of the kind incarnatus - and Margaret 
this work sometimes demands. Marshall who gave the en- 
At the rame ume. however, ^bles a golden top. 

The archive was also often 
unexplained and/or unconnec- 
ted to the voice-over. But most 
serious of all was the use in the 

Horizonc, Bitter Cold (BBC2) 
told the i story of- a British 
expedition 1 to Antarctica to, test 
human adaptability to the cold. 
David Parer. I the cameraman, 
has a natural history 1 -if^ack- 

a new scries of cartoons about 
the British pub, gave one the 
same pleasure as an Ealing 
comedy. It was very quirky and 
very British and deserves this 
week's gold star. 

Carlo Gebler 

_• » , , ft 4 VIIIU 1 WO B 5 UIUVH «.vrp. 

openty oeemrea on urnver- . ofhS unSSariSle ^ ^p^wherefol 

sal He took fofl-page advertise- 1 Jg— jg " *5 were co«i. ® d ig 

todiridSy IIS ^ ° f “ work, theAdagio from Mahler’s 
'■ “ttSf ^ethoven is con- Tenth Symphony, winch _be- 

had shone too in the other 
work, the Adagio from Mahler’s 
Tenth Symphony, which be- 
came strangely Wagnerian with 

like Mazeppa are probably best qualify for. Oscar consideration • release my film Brazil?” . IZ" came strangely Wagnerian with 

.*• ..v left to the university companies. It will now be unveiled so that a furious war of words broke X. th , hf , g mav SO{ ^jP f or the sadly stretched strings 
"■ ^ who can produce them at cut- tite . wsL'-°f ti°5 out, Sheinberg saying the film ifin«elf Schubert btithrivvields their exposure tactfully 

price without this being ..a deqde for themselves whether ^ brilliant but flawed", and -Bmiwa by sonorous horns and 

. 5-isi all the cnntmversv surroundine • /run: 1 :.i 1 to the voices oi a mers: voices , . * 

z deliberate policy of restraint, afl the controversy surrounding claiming Gilliam had breached 1® _ e t u® lf ^L° u^ 5 " trombones. 

A Kb. ffrVirrf and the Dicture was tust so much - o from the past in ms neavuy 

.. "c And works like Rienzi and the picture was just so much bis contract. Refusing to give op *nd 

^ Moses should, if the ENO had ) hy«. I traditional fugues, and just as 

any belief in them, be giren tbe 
* . chance to enter tbe repertory on 
• equal terms with other works 
offered at tbe Coliseum. 

This is not to say there is no 
> . place for productions done to s 
tight budget, for there is indeed 

^ , ’ *1. * n n il a David-and-Goliath battle, “ i,u,uuu " Jua ‘ 

Few disagree that W»i. Gin iaro -secretiy screened his 
serious, provocative, intelligent vwiionbfllie film for the Los ^ T ., , . ^ ^ 

ft™- ™* - Angeles critics, who promptly NltolSU PetTOV 

rountry, but for the 1930s song, e bim three of their top /•%. ___ Wall 

the picture was seen in Britain for the vear best Queen Elizabetn Mall 

•“nE* 1 ™* ^°- picture, best director and best 

senbes Brazil as a. society, scrirenplay. Had the words “transcribed 

dominated by -a- .vast govern- within 24 hours the studio not been appended to ev 


' a very obvious area of enterprise- ■ : Within '24 hours the studio 

where qirickly ntountod, expen-r {J« ft had agrecxl to screen the picture 

n*. th*. hMt s-n-et and stifles the human spun -. it 

Nikolai Petrov 

Had the words “transcribed by v 

Paul Griffiths 

than Ravel but his sheer elan in 
exploiting the full sonority of 
the piano was memorable. The 
first encore was announced as 
what sounded to be “The 
Swine" from Saint-Saens's 

muntai (m tbe best .sense) 
productions could be . of enor- 
mous value: the area - of. new 
opera. Composers and librettists 
could well find stimulation in 
having to produce .a work for 

anu “ f Qscar consideration and to 

■ftiswears:' ?? 

™ 10- critics, who, - although im-, 

pressed, were less generous than orchestral concert. 
ibeir..'Los Angd« coU«gu« | Butitw».httl 

not been appended to every Carnival of the Animals, but 
piece played m this extraortb- my disappointment it 

nary recital of French piano turned out that Petrov's accent 
music, the programme would got better of him - it 
have led one to expect an predictably “The Swan", 

limit s resources, one which- a S 1 ®, 

could be expendable or, ff it J llure v. ifhiSw' v, 
were a suaSsTkept up .fm d^quo^oftim hero, in both 

revival Producers too might, *P*"**?^ 

their. -Los Angeles colleagues But it was a little odd to open 
with their awards. Sheinberg with foe _22-year-ofd Liszt's 
then, decided lhe film would get piano version of the Berlioz 

a- nationwide airing, though he 

Symphonic • fantastique. The 
michtv Russian, Nikolai I 

. r- 'were a success, kept .up. for had previously insisted “We are mighty Russian, Nikolai 

rerivaL Producers too might, bodyandspmt, atThe hands of goings do further work on the Petrov, launched into its myr- 

1. find ft possible to behave more “ wTSS-S'SSi, k*™ » man movie and exam ine which iad difficulties with a tense 

pLijJT 1 calmly when not tryii^ to stage Mr Si&wy^SMtoMq^ version (ours or his) 10 release”, detbeatum that m the Scenes 

* 1 > epic opera oat ofthe petty cash, who wekisjronadmable power He tbat it was from a Bair . m 9 vraient quite 

If this could be tbe alternative andetoufr md moyes _a to t of ^pra^icai to release, another defeated any spint of the dance. 
“■^TTv'T J- j avenue for another seriey rf the r version. “If we did, we would Rhythm is not his strongest 

■I J ■ \A Norwegt Holst type.tfien the of MCA om Universal fece prospect of haying it pomt .Not so his fingers - they 
- J END might make an important reviewed against a phantom, can do anything. When the 

fl -fgl contribution to the healthy de £2ii JwKit It's a no-win situation:", ; piano is asked to mimic foe foil 

f S p/ ttmtover of aew wnrks.vthat sugg^twl he wouldpi^rilcui Another studio offidaL who orchestra Petrov com«f into his 

I opera Ws- if its present -jnlhCB^^gviiwte pictare ^ ttlBBBymily 3“% '<>wn with chordal ijqnrf 

I ■ renascence is to continue- ■ ■ a happy ending- » i«t mtKUHtv Vm *Ki« almost incredible power and 


; r;'" ' 


VU 3 IUU. A* "W VHM, WV nuuiu V. — ■ T 

fece the prospect of haying it point. Not so his fingrrs - they 
reviewed against a phantom, can do anything. When the 
It's a no-win situation:" piano is asked to mimic the fifll 

Another studio official, who orchestra, Petrov coma mto his 
asked for anonymity, said: “We ‘Ow® w fo chordal playing ot 
got a lot of bad publicity, on. this almost incredible power and 
one, specially .when • studios ‘security, 
keep shooting about trying to I do not know now much 

. . . tv*. • . ..;i 


jTHUBSSawa to twe&Kyu cowqn Wi 

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j' (P6ril en Id D^manr*) . 

■ .. AaMOdhtErtUam-, . 

“A beaurifnlly : ' , 
serpentine murder mystery, 
■ filled with deridt and -. 

• visual luxuriance. "T 
"TheGaardEuitt T . 

attract talented film-makers and 
giving- them foe opportunity to 
do their creative best unhin- 
dered by executive interference.. 
A lew years ago we had The 
Deerhunter. Everyone thought & 

- was too long and too downbeat. 
But they released it,' realizing 
that if. it foil on its fecc thcy 

Bizet was payed by Durand to 
make a solo transcription of 
Saint-Saens's Second Piano 
Concerto, but he made 2 fair job 
of ft. Unfortnnately,. Petrov has 
not the appropriate style. His 
massive fingers co v ered the 
keys at a great rate, but much of 
lhe treble work was percussivdy 

could always cut it later. The ■ toned, graceless, humourless 
movie went. on to win the best and very un-French. 

picture Oscar. 

“With Brazil they’ve, got 
-millions invested and they’d be 
stupid not' to try arid recoup 
some of that money. Gi&iam 
forced pur hand - now weft see 
if the American public agrees 
with him." 

• . It was only when we came to 
Ravers own piano solo rework- 
ing of the dteographic poem La 
Valse that I was entirely 
convinced of Petrov's high 
ranking as an artist. .He may 
have allowed it to sound more 
like Rachmaninov/Godowsky 

arranged by Godowsky. 





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silent pillar 

It is not only Mrs Thatcher who is 
authoritarian. Lord Hailsham. the 
Lord Chancellor, has just stopped 
Lord Justice Browne-Wilkinson, 
president of the Bar's senate, from 
participating in a Radio 4 investi- 
gation of the Bar called Pillars oj 
Society on Thursday, on the ground 
that judges should not comment on 
matters of public controversy. This 
is the second time Browne- Wilkin- 
son has been gagged. A year ago he 
was prevented by Hailsham from 
chairing a public debate on official 
secrets. Like Mrs T, Hailsham also 
laces revolt. Two other judges » nil 
lake part in Thursday’s programme. 
Lord Templeman has recorded an 

interview in which he bravely 
declares that barristers in many 
civil cases are “overpaid". He 
concedes that he has not observed 
the “K.ilmuir guidelines" requiring 
ludges to “seek the Lord Chancel- 
lor's advice" before speaking in 
public but he does not believe the 
guidelines apply to members of the 
House of Lords. The identily of the 
other judge is being kept secret by 
the BBC - for fear of Lord 
Hailsham ‘s muzzle. 

Royal ally 

Prince Philip. I imagine, was rooting 
for Michael Hescltine as he fought to 
prevent an American deal with 
Westland. The prince recently wrote 
a foreword- for a new magazine. 
Engineering Tomorrow, in which he 
asked seven searching and indignant 
questions about the ills of British 
industry. Question two: “Why is it 
that whole areas of engineering, such 
as cameras, consumer electronics, 
light aircraft, small aero-cngincs ana 
helicopters have come to be domi- 
nated by foreign manufacturers?" 

© What's another few thousand 
pounds on top of all the waste? 
Among plans being actively con- 
sidered by the GLC to mark its 
imminent demise is the symbolic 
t j inj* of a giant red tape right round 
Comity Hal I. 

Partial arts 

Councillor Christine McKie, chair- 
man of left-wing Southwark Coun- 
cil's leisure and recreation com- 
mittee. seems to have taken to heart 
the Thatchcrite plea to be your own 
boss. This year her committee is 
dispensing £33.000 to the Toket 
Martial Arts Centre in the borough. 
The centre employs a development 
officer on an undisclosed salary. 
Yes. it's McKie. A council spokes- 
man insists she has always declared 
her interest. She herself says she is 
''entitled to work where I want to. 
My opportunities should not be 
prejudiced by my work as a 

■J Apical Of Anslrulher. He \uled for 
a one-day strike during half-term' 


'A hat further can of worms is 
Liverpool sitting on? By law. all 
local .authorities must submit 
accounts for their direct-labour 
organizations within six months ol 
the end of each financial year, and 
these must show a 5 per cent return 
bn capital. Liverpool city council 
runs ihret: such organizations, all 
highly politicized. It has. 1 leam. yet 
to submit accounts for 1983/84. lei 
alone 1984/85. The regional (and 
matt Building Employers Feder- 
ation has complained to the district 
auditor. However the Department o! 
the Environment, mindful perhaps 
of recent confrontations, seems 
singularly reluctant to press the 
mailer. It is. says a spokesman, 
merely "aware of the problem" and 
has written “expressing concern”. 

Arthur’s aggro 

Arthur Marshall. British ambassa- 
dor m Aden, has become quite used 
to crises during his diplomatic 
career. He was in Athens when the 
colonels staged their coup in 1964. 
in Cyprus when the Turks invaded, 
and had his house blown up in 
Kuwait. He also spent 12 years in 
the navy, making him the ideal 
person to preside over our first 
"floating embassy” aboard the royal 

Bad blood 

If true, it would really set the cat 
amongst the pigeons. The Jerusalem 
paper lirpx- Shabbut cites elders of a 
former Jewish community in Libya 
- now transplanted to Israel - as 
saving that Colonel Gadaifi is 
Jewish. The evidence? His face, they 
sav. bears a "remarkable resem- 
blance" to that of a beautiful Jewish 
girl from that community who was 
kidnapped by a notorious desert 
sheik called Ivan Lcnegi. The strictly 
Orthodox paper chooses to disregard 
the wider implications of its 
"scoop": it cites the story as 
cv idencc of the dire consequences of 
intermarriage. _ 


Agreeing to differ: Christopher Tugendhat looks beyond the Chunnel 
decision to reconciliation of national and EEC identity 

In recent weeks British politics have 
been wracked by die Westland 
dispute at the same time as 
ministers have been finalizing their 
decisions on the nature of the fixed 
link to be built across tbe Channel. 

Together, yesterday’s meeting of 
prime minister and president in 
Lille and the Westland affair 
provide a fascinating illustration of 
British attitudes to Europe. In the 
battle of words over Westland a 
European cause has for the first time 
acquired both a popular and a 
populist ring: and the historic 
decision to link Britain physically 
with the Continent, for from 
provoking controversy, is being 
accepted in an almost matter-of-fact 

In the light of these events it is 
perhaps appropriate to take another 
look at those pregnant words which 
have in the past caused so much 
heart- searching in Britain - “com- 
munity" and “European union”. 

Paul-Hcnri Spaak. that great 
Belgian statesman who helped found 
the European Community, would 
have derived a good deal of 
encouragement from these events. 

“The best Europeans.” he said 
“are not those with the most 
beautiful, generous ideas who 
become discouraged when they fail 
to materialize. The good Europeans 
arc those who know where the 
difficulties lie, who try to solve 
them, and who never allow them- 
selves to become discouraged.” 

Words are among the worst of 
those difficulties - especially “Com- 
munity”. h conjures up an image of 
a group or countries co-operating 
harmoniously in a range of common 
enterprises. Arguments seem con- 
trary to all it stands for. Yet they are 

As if to bridge the gap between 
what is and what should be. political 
leaders resort to astonishing flights 
of fancy. Valery Giscard d'Estaing, 
when president of France, was 
exceptionally jealous of his preroga- 
tives. would always arrive last at 
meetings of heads of government to 
emphasize his unique status as a 
head of stale, and for some time 
objected to the president of the 
Commission participating on equal 
terms in such meetings. Once in 
opposition, however, he proposed 
that Europe-wide elections be held 
to elect one national head of 
government to preside over ail the 
rest in the Council of Ministers. 

K>>ws and arguments should in 
fact be regarded as part of the 
natural order in the EEC like the 
perpetual struggles between presi- 
dent and Congress in the United 
States and between the representa- 
tives of different regions and interest 
groups in that vast country. In 
Washington they are accepted as an 
integral part of the process in which 
decisions are taken, political differ- 
ences resolved, and all concerned 
reconciled to the inevitably untidy 
and compromise outcomes. It 
should be the same in the Com- 

The difference between ihe EEC 
and ihe United Stales is that in the 
Community the participants arc 
sovereign states, not appendages of 
ihe same nation. What we have 
achieved in Western Europe is the 
replacement of traditional diplo- 
matic inter-state relations by a 
political system in which sovereign 
stales play the roles which, in a 
nation state, are taken by political 
parties, and in which interest groups 
work through the clash of govern- 
ments rather than of elected 

The Community's achievement is 
to have ereared a group of countries 
which share the exercise of their own 
individual sovereignties in order to 
establish some areas of law that are 
binding on all their citizens; to take 
joint decisions that would once have 
been the exclusive preserve of 
individual governments, as in 
currency realignments in the Euro- 
pean Monetary System; and to 
respond to external events. 

Out of step 
to a united 


In the Europe-wide political 
context, as in a national one. the role 
of personalities in these battles 
should not be underestimated, as the 
conflict over the British budget 
contribution shows. At the outset, as 
one of my former Commission 
colleagues has since said. Helmut 
Schmidt and Giscard ‘‘were very 
patronizing, even nide. in their 
treatment of Mrs Thatcher. They 
made it clear that she, a mere 
woman, would not be able to stand 
up to those two experienced and 
knowledgeable men in hard nego- 
tiation.” That challenge, and her 
response to it. turned a difficult 
technical problem into a major 
political clash. 

The EEC is above all the 
creation of France and West 
Germany, and a reflection of their 
historic reconciliation. Accordingly 
it is imponam in domestic political 
terms for the leaders of those two 
countries to appear always to be 
getting on well together, regardless 
of the real state of affairs. 

No such pressure exists when it 
comes to the relations between the 
British prime minister and the 
French president or the German 
chancellor. Rather the reverse: 
public opinion in those two 
countries would expect there to be a 
certain distance. Britain stayed out 
of the Community by choice at the 
beginning, thereby putting itself in a 
position where dc Gaulle could keep 
it that way, and no sooner had entry 1 
been achieved than Britain again 
isolated itself by the renegotiation of 
entry terms and its aftermath. 

A ladder that 
barely takes members 
off the ground 

Only since 1979, therefore, has 
the Community had to grapple with 
the problem of a third major power 
trying simultaneously to adjust the 
original creation to its own needs 
while achieving parity with the other 
two. That in itself was bound to 
create problems. 

The words “European union” 
cauie even more difficulty than the 
word “Community" in terms of the 
gap between rhetoric and reality. 
Chancellor Kohl, with his rhetorical 
flourishes about moving towards a 
United States of Europe, and 
fhesident Mitterrand, with his 
indications of French support for the 
European Parliament's draft treaty 
establishing a European union, keep 
alive the fiction that the EEC is 
some form of ladder towards a 
federation. But the modesty of their 
proposals at the recent intergovern- 
mental conference shows how little 
relation their actions bear to their 

An example of what governments 
mean, as distinct from what they 
say. was provided in 1983 when the 
Commission proposed that the 
power to increase the Community's 
financial resources be transferred 
from national parliaments to the 
Council of Ministers and the 
European Parliament. Much was 
then being said of the need to 
increase the European Parliament's 
powers, and here was a means of 
doing so. 

Hans- Dietrich Genscher, the 
German foreign minister and author 
with the then foreign minister of 

Italy, Emilio Colombo, of a recent 
declaration on European union, 
listened attentively as the scheme 
was outlined in the Council. He then 
said that he disagreed - and partly as 
a member of the Bundestag who did 
not wish to see that body lose so 
much power to Community insti- 
tutions. The proposal effectively 
died at that moment 

So what does European union 
mean? The words sound so clear and 
firm in English, like “United 
Kingdom" or “United States”, that 
they’ are often taken to mean a 
similar thing. 

In other languages and cultures 
they usually imply something less 
precise and more compatible with 
separate national identities. To 
some. European union still rep- 
resents an ambition to replace the 
nation state, but to most the two arc 

Nobody knows where this idea 
will end. But the EEC today would 
do well to set aside some of the 
rhetoric of recent years and revert to 
the approach exemplified by the 
1950 Schuman declaration, which 
may be said to have launched the 
whole Community enterprise. 
“Europe." it said, “will not be made 
all at once according to a single 
general plan. It will be built through 
concrete achievements, which first 
create a de facto solidarity." 

With 12 members today, the 
Community’s objectives must at any 
time be Limited and specific, 
especially if their scope is ambitious. 
The Community must also be seen 
to work in the broad general interest 
of all its members. This may seem 
obvious, but 1 have often heard talk 
of the European interest as if it was 
separate and distinct from that of 
the individual countries. The Euro- 
pean interest can only be an 
amalgam of the various national 
ones, and everyone must feel that 
theirs is fairly treated. The problem 
is io establish a framework within 
which that can be done. 

In the early years it was provided 
by the Treaty of Rome which, with 
its detailed objectives and deadlines 
relating to the Common Market, the 
common agricultural policy and 
other matters, represented an action 
programme agreed by the signatory 
governments. All concerned knew 
what they had undertaken to do. and 
the limit of their commitments, 
whatever their long-term ambitions 
might be. Those conditions cannot 
be reproduced. 

The only viable alternative is for 
the heads of government, meeting 
regularly in the European Council, 
to become the central point at which 
all the different strands of European 
co-operation come together, choices 
are made, and priorities set. Nobody 
else can discharge that role. 

Their rivalries - and those of their 
entourages - will make it difficult 
for the heads of government to do 
so. On one occasion, which fives the 
flavour of how these meetings can 
go, tbe unaiiribu table briefing from 
rhe British camp likened Mrs 
Thatcher’s stand to the British 
squares at Waterloo. The French 
responded with referenc es to the 
burning of Joan of Arc. although 
whether they meant Mrs Thatcher to 
suffer that fete or were comparing 
her with those responsible l never 

On another occasion the Irish 
prime minister. Garret FitzGerald. 

was so incensed by a proposal for 
milk quotas and so anxious to show 
his domestic public that he was 
opposing it that be walked out of a 
European Council meeting The 
effect, however, was less dramatic 
than Michael Headline's demarche 
since some of those present thought 
he was merely off to the loo. and 
only learnt from reports filtering 
back from the Irish press briefing 
what had actually happened. 

For existing policies, such as the 
Common Market and the common 
agricultural policy, the government 
leaders should jointly draw up a 
rolling action programme with 
specific targets that can be regularly 
reviewed and updated. Having 
decided what they want to achieve - 
such as the removal of barriers to 
trade in services - they should 
accept more majority voting on 
details to attain iu 

For the creation of new policies, 
majority voting is impossible for the 
simple reason that in a community 
of sovereign states the majority 
cannot in practice impose its will on 
the minority. To pretend otherwise 
is absurd, and no amount of rhetoric 
or clever constitutional plans can 
change that. The only alternative is 
to accept that while no country can 
be forced to accept new policies, 
none has the right to prevent others 
from going ahead. In a community 
of 12 there will be matters on which 
it is simply inappropriate for,- say, 
Germany and Portugal to undertake 
identical responsibilities at the same 

All involved at 
the core, but diverse 
activity outside 

A precedent already exists with 
the European Monetary System and 
the revival, outside the Community. 
of the Western European Union, to 
enable those countries wishing to 
pursue a more co-ordinated ap- 
proach to security within Nato to do 
so without embarrassing those. Like 
Ireland, that do not. State-backed 
industrial ventures, such as the 
Airbus and the European fighter 
aircraft, also usually involve only 
some countries. That is the shape of 
things to come. 

The danger is that such initiatives 
will- destroy the Community’s 
fundamental unity. The European 
Council must therefore establish 
rules and procedures to govern the 
conditions in which some countries 
can go ahead on their own and for 
maintaining links with those that 
cannot or do not want to. The result 
will be something like a core of 
activities in which all countries are 
involved, surrounded by a series of 
concentric circles in which the 
participants vary with a leadership 
group present in each. 

Within the core there should be 
two priorities - reform of the 
common agricultural policy to cut 
surpluses and curb costs, and the 
removal of the remaining barriers to 
trade in goods and services. Ideally, 
economic and monetary co-oper- 
ation and closer co-ordination of 
foreign policy and security will be 
added. These should be priority 
areas for the next few years, with 
every effort made to include all 
members. But if at the end of the 
day the choice is between going 
ahead on a partial basis or not at all, 
then rhe partial advance is best. 

Such an approach is. paradoxi- 
cally. the one most likely to 
encourage all members to make the 
necessary compromises for a united 
move forward. If a government 
knows that in the last resort it can 
exclude only itself from what is 
planned and cannot stop others, it is 
more likely to wish to. be included 
than if it thinks it can impose a 
complete block. 

OTtaa N n» i y » nn Lfefttrf. 18 M 
The author is a former vice-president 
of the European Commission. His 
book. Making Sense of Europe, is 
published by Viking (£9. 95). 

There’s a lot of rubbish around 
Westminster and Fleet Street these 
days. Well, don't agree quite so 
enthusiastically. I am talking about 
the use of “to rubbish" as a 
transitive vertx. Examples: Denis 
Healey said Mrs Thatcher had 
rubbished the EEC summit: Canon 
Eric James spoke of those who 
rubbished the Faith in the City 
report; a leader in The Times 
asserted that Pope Leo XIII had 
rubbished Anglican orders, of all 
things, in IS96. That last item 
provoked a number of letters asking 
what was going on. 

The answer is interesting. Most of 
our slang and new idiom originates 
in the United Slates, because there 
are more people speaking English 
over there and because, in many 
fields of science, innovation and 
fashion, they are the leaders. 
Rubbish as verb, however, comes 
from Australia, that rich geyser of 
vigorous slang. 

1 have a friend, a professor of 
politics and therefore a student of 

Rubbishing it in 

New words for old, by Philip Howard 

language, who first met the word in 
New Zealand in 1 962. A Kiwi 
student of his who had spent a year 
or two in Australia said during a 
seminar that somebody bad rub- 
bished an argument put forward by 
George Orwell. Neologism, neol- 
ogism. a most peculiar neologism, 
thought the professor, and set it 
down in his tables. 

In fact the earliest written 
example of rubbish as verb found by 
either Wilkes's Dictionary of Austr- 
alian Colloquialisms or the OED 
Supplement is 10 years older than 
that. It comes from an agreeably 
colourful Oz novel called Riverslake. 
published in 1953: “If Verity was 
going to tramp you for burning the 
tucker, he would have rubbished 
you long before this." 

Even dim Pommies can catch the 
drift To rtibbish means to reject, 
brush off treat as valueless, give the 
old heave-ho to, pour scorn on; or as 
the more formal lexicographers put 
iL to disparage, to criticize severely^ 
The idiom, with its macho vigour 
and sound, has caught on in Britain. 
Here is an example from a recent 
issue of The Spectator: “A conven- 
tional rubbishing of the Left and 
applause of the Right." And here is a 
more informal example from con- 
versation: “What’s the matter with 
old Jack? Said g’day to him this 
morning, an* he rubbished me.” 

WTtat. if anything, ought we to do 
about it? Not a lot cobber. It would 

be narrow-minded and silly ti>ofc>ject 
to it just' because it is an 
Australianism. Australian novelists 

and poets have . found a voice of] 
their own, and use the English 
language quite as well as their 
British counterparts. Oz - has en- 
riched us with much vivid slang 
from chunder to the golden dough- 
nut. You could object, if yon felt like 
objecting, because it is not clear 
whether . to rubbish means to 
criticize severely, or, in the opinion 
of the speaker, to criticize effec- 
tively, Le- in that much misused 
word, to refute. 

But there are very few words that 
have a simple, unambiguous mean- 
ing; Even a simple sentence such as. 
“Watch that dog run down the 
street" has mathematically more 
than two million possible meanings, 
and in practical terms at least a 
dozen. Is the dog a canine 
quadruped or a rude name for a 
person? Is it running or running 
down in the sense of disparage? It is 
normal for nouns to become verbs. I 
think* that to rubbish' has a ‘.certain 
earthy attraction, though no doubt it 
will soon become tedious through 

Digby Anderson 

Last week Labour announced a 
package of measures intended to 
reclaim the issues of law and order 
from the Conservatives. Labour 
increasingly ■ understands both the 

electoral value of the issue and the 
foci that - many victims of crime are 
among the poor. The announcement 
was well-timed, coming after the 
release of statistics showing another 
rise in crime, with nearly one third 
of males aged 2S having one or more 
convictions for serious offences, and 
rising public concern over offences 
such as rape. 

One of Labour’s problems is that, 
in the words of Tony Judge, a GLC 
councillor and editor of the Police 
Federation magazine. Police, “the 
police have become the whipping- 
boy of the Labour Party" and the 
“police service feels completely - 
apathetic towards the objectives of 
the Labour Party”. Labour’s reac- 
tion to the policing problems of the . 
miners' dispute, he says, bad been 
“pusillanimous or deliberately dis- 

As if to illustrate and perpetuate 
the problem, another speaker at the 
Fabian Society conference ax which 
Judge spoke insisted on the import- 
ance of making the police more 
answerable to local council poli- 
ticians and recruiting more homo- 
sexuals and one-sided nuclear 
disarm ers into the force. • 

That the Labour Party is seen as 
anti-police is only one of its 
problems. Another is its enslave- 
ment to theories which treat crime 
as the result of impersonal economic 
forces, also illustrated last week. 
Speaking of a survey which shows 
that SO per cent of Islington’s 
households have been hit by crime, 
one of the polytechnic sociologists 
involved told The London Standard: 
“fra not saying that tbe police 
should bear the brunt of controlling 
crime because they are not control- 
lers of economic policies." 

Crime, according to this theory, is 
caused not by criminals but by 
unemployment . or inadequate 
government subsidies for housing. 

At its extreme, the blame-the- 
condiuons-ncu-th e-criminals theory 
is downright insulting to the many 
on low incomes who obey the law. 
The elderly, so often cited as poor 
and “inner city".- are scarcely 
responsible for the crime wave. That 
is largely the responsibility of young 
males. Females, presumably as 
liable .to poverty as their husbands 
and boy friends, have crime rates 80 
per cent lower. The notion that 
societies or groups within societies 
subject to poverty, absolute or 
relative, cannot be expected to be 
orderly is historical and sociological 
nonsense. ‘ . * t . 

' The Conservative Party is propa- 
gating a different but equally evasive 
nonsense, the Fortress Dunroamin 
poticy./If innocent 7 dozens* "have 
their houses burgled, they--, the 
Innocent victims, should buy and fit 
more locks. If they are. attacked or 
raped, they should, have attended 
judo classes. Perhaps they should 
not go out at night at all. " . 

- There is a short-term tactical 
sense to this, although to what 
extent it affects the form rather than 
the extent of crime we do not know, 
but it is morally perverted. What it 
and the Labour solutions ignore, but 
what is well-known to ^he man in 
the street, is that most crimes are 
wrong and their perpetrators at fault. 

Stealing, assault and rape are 
wrong, indeed widely perceived and 

agr ee d to be wrong by Christians, 
Jews. Muslims and rationalists in 
this -pluralistic society. It is on the 
continuation of that perception that 
soda! order depends. Societies can 
control and contain small numbers 
of wrong-doers by policing. But foso 
doing they rely on the law-abiding 
majority for help and information 
and, more important, they rdy on 
individuals, families and other non- 
political institutions to inculcate 
law-abiding habits so that the law. 
breakers are a minority. As with 
welfare so with order: it is not the 
state which ensures the bulk of it 

The fundamental question to pose 
to all the political parties is this; 
have their policies supported or 
eroded the formation and centime 
ation of the moral habits essential to 
society’s order? Those habits will 
not persist if crime is seen to pay, if 
the response to wrong-doing is 
rehabilitative engineering rather 
-than firm punishment. 

• Punishment systems are faulty 
not only when they foil to discourage 
law-breakers but when', they foil to 
encourage the law-keeping majority. 
As James Fitzjames Stephen, the 
Victorian writer oh criminal law, 
noted. “Some men. probably, 
abstain from murder because they 
fear that if they committed murder 
they would be banged. Hundreds of 
thousands abstain from it because 
they regard it with horror. One great 
reason why they regard it with 
horror is tha murderers are hanged." 

It is crucial that vice is seen to get 
its det serfs whether or not such 
desserts “work" in the immediate 
reform of criminals. Punishments 
may not always deter in tbe short 
term but any society in which the 
sticks and carrots are not set. and 
. seen to be set. to deter wrong-doing 
risks the complete collapse of older 
in the long term. 

Support for orderly habits also 
requires that the social institutions 
which inculcate them, notably the 
family and education, are not 
weakened. The crime figures co- 
incide with the release of statistics 
showing higher divorce, re-divorce 
aiid illegitimacy, all encouraged by 
policies of both parties when - in 

If Labour’s Marxist and feminist 
extremists are downright hostile to 
the family. Mrs Thatcher’s govern- 
ment has more quietly damaged iL 
And it would be a rash person- who 
claimed that. state education under 
this government, especially in the 
circumstances of a teachers’ strike, is 
successfully inculcating moral and 
orderly habits into the increasingly 
criminal promiscuous and drug- 
addictedj’oung. . 

Tbe man in the street may not 
hare a sophisticated view of crime 
but 'it is a fundamentally moral 
view. When politicians seek 10 
reduce . (crime • to -• a matter of 
economic , variables, the “political 
atxbuntability of . police forces or the 
technology, of burglar alarms, they 
distance themselves from and 
subvert the thinking of foe only 
people. who have it in their power 10 
make and keep society orderly. 

There is a point at which rising 
■crime figures indicate, not just the 
existence of more law-breakers but 
the erosion of the law-abiding habits 
of the majority. Perhaps we have 
now reached that point, a point at 
which the true basis of order is 

The author is director of the Social 
Affairs Unit . . 

' * 

moreover ... Miles Kington 

I knew a girl once who was returning 
on the New York subway late ax 
night from a choir rehearsal uptown. 
Into her otherwise empty coach 
climbed three large black New 
Yorkers who looked bem on taking 
her valuables away and distributing 
them among the poor. Without 
thinking, she opened her music arid ‘ 
started singing in a very loud voice, 
manicafly and non-stop. The three 
gentlemen retreated to a corner and 
got off hastily at the next stop. 

Mort Sahl (whatever happened to 
that fine comedian?) gave another 
dtample of this approach to dealing 
with assailants. He was stopped by a 
gang, again late at night in New 
York. Before they could even 
enunciate their demands, he claims, 
he put his arms round one of. them 
and said: “Soys, am I glad to see 
you! I admire your free, buccaneer- 
ing way of life. For too long I have 
been a boring member of the middle 
classes - now at last is my chance to , 
break away. Let me, I beseech vou, 
join you and be one of your 
number!" They too melted away 
into the night baffled. 

The moral is that if we are 
attacked, the only safe response is to 
react unexpectedly and somewhat 
madly - anything, in fan. but look 
frightened or antagonistic. But do 
you know how you would react? 
Have you got a line of action 
planned in advance? I have ven- 
tured to draw up a list of possible . 
tactics from which you might care to 
choose and practise in private. 

J. Dutch ihe left side of vour chest 
and start staggering, at ’the same 
time moaning loudly. “Oh God, my 
heart! You devil* Tm going to have 
a heart attack. This is my second 

this year, and the doctor said V: 

Faced with a possible murder 
charge, the average medically aware 
attacker will scarper. 

2. Start undressing as fest as you 
can. throwing your clothes in an 
angry heap on the pavement At the 
same time deefaim the following 
monologue: All right, all right! You 
want it. you take il Have every- 
thing! I don t care. 1 just don't care 
anymore. Take everything I've got!” 

Tha is effective on two coSnts. 

cmLJJ«J» V K ra8r . criralnal >s .as 
dSSTnS? £ y oudl!y ** “/other" 

decent Britisher, especially if you 
*!. unimpressive body, and 
which of us hasn't? Two irtw. 

is noc deterred by your bareness, he 
will fed distinctly uneasy about 
bending down and going through 
pockets lying on the floor. 

3. The same as above, but revealing 
a Superman tunic 

4. Recite poetry. More effective, on 
the whole; than singing music, as 
there is nothing that embarrasses the 
average red-blooded citizen, apart 
from nudity, so much as a sincere 
belief in good verse. Something tong 
is preferable; it is very depressing to 
gel' through a sonnet and then get 
mugged. I recommend The Walrus 
ana the Carpenter. 

Variants on this include choosing 
a speech from a Shakespeare play 
and then expecting your assailant to 
come in with the- next speech, or 
doing a bit of audience partici- 
pation. If you have more than one' 
assailant, this is. done by saying 
“Right! I’m going to divide you into 
two halves, and I bet ray half-can 
sing louder, than the other half Let’s 
try it through once. Here we go - 
Lloyd George knew mv father. . : 

5. Say loudly: “T ought to tell you 
that if you touch, me. 7011 will .get 
Aids.'* Then move towards .them, 
hands outstretched. 

6. Pull a specially prepared bag of 

pennies from your r pockel or 
handbag and. spill all 10G of them 
over the floor.. -Then either start- in 
pick them up, crying: “Oh God, it's 
my rent!" or take to your heels'wbflc 
they pick them up. . 

7. Pull out a loaded toy-.pisioLaijd 
shoot yourself in the head. . . 

8. Produce a collecting tin m&rioad 

Rod Cross and hand it ; oyer." 
remarking: “It's all yours.' boys.: j 
guess you need it more than' 
Ethiopians do." Make sure-the tut & 
impossible to open on the ^pox and 
full of valueless metal objects. Rusty - 
screws are ideal. - ^ - v; ;'-c- 

9. Go down on all fours and pretend 
to be a dog. An alsatianjatSer thans 

'poodle. • :• 

10. Start dancing, Tap-danang/ s 
good. Ballet is better. Taking yoar 

. assailant in your arms and waltfcfoSl 
is even better, especially 
remember _ to murmur: „“Ypu’r®. ; 
leading again. Daphne.— > 

Good luck, wbichever-jtou: choos*- ■ 

And remember the.braye words oj: : 
the American resident of Libya^^V 
when, told by bis embassy?, » ‘jw y 
norm*. said; "No fear..-:kVmU£ft 
safer here than m New Yorfc/v>>- ! 





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Tbeiustoricday when President 

Mitten^d vand Mrs j.Thatcbcr 
agreed on. tne fixed link between 
Britain’ and France proved an 
anticfiBUK for the. British. The 
choice ^of the 1 te chnicall y anH 
financially safe rail-only famni>i 
is Txwad -tb 'be seen as another 
defeat, for Mrs Thatcher at the. 
hands o£ the unbending French. 
The .pntish government • had: 
always kept its options open, but 
had dearly ' wished . to offer .the 
public the chance for. motorists 
to di^ ~ straight across the 
Channel, with the ■ maximum 
pleasure and • the minimum 
vulnerability ’• to - industrial or 

In :tEe did,' Mrs Thatcher was 
given little in theway of a face- 
saver. . The possibility, of a! 
parallel joad link will be con- 
sidered only in thei year 2,000. 
Tbatis understandable since the: 
economics j of -the chosen Anglo- 
French scheme depend. - on a 
shuttle .service for road vehicles 
as much as oh pure rail traffic. It 
leaves the road option as no 
more than .an 1 overflow, should' 
foe. capacity of the. rail tunnel 
prove Inadequate to the traffic. 

The chosen scheme behrs a 
resemblance, even if largely- 
superficial,, to the scheme aban- 
doned a decade ago. It lacks the 
grand. sweep arid exciting techni- - 
cal innovation of some 7 of -the 
projects preferred, most notably 
EuroRoute, which made use of 
the : civil engirieermg concepts 
pioneered and later perfected in: 
the exploitation of North Sea ofl. 
In terms of grand gesture, for 
instance, the Channel Tunnel 
lades the scope (and indeed , the 
expense) / of.-; the £515 . billion 
scheme approved six months ago 
to throw, a ‘bridge and tunnel 
roadway; across Tokyo Bay, 
involving a 180 acre man-made 
island, pleasure parks,- an ad- 
vanced communications 
network and the creation of 
high-technology zones. - 

. . Any sense of bathos thus 
inspired should, however,' 7 be 
short-lived. It can he put to one 
side and forgotten. The choice- - 
and - indeed the collaboraxi ye 
process of choice - was bound to. 
be a dual .one between Britain 
and France: The symbolism of 
our greater physical involvement 
with om partners, in the: Euro- 
pean Coinxmmiiy. was, after all, a 
mamspring of the Government’s 
' political c ommitm ent to a fixed 
link. France has less need of it 
than Bri tain, whatever President 
Mitterrand’s party problems in 
North-East France in the coming 
election: • 

It. was therefore, logical for 
French support to be put behind 
the safest option least likely to 
disrupt existing local business; 
and to exploit the great invest- 
ment that country has made in 
advanced- railways. And that 
'caution supports the - - British 
Government's insistence that the 
privately funded project should- 
make no direct call bn public 

The project that has emerged 
has every chance of engineering 
and financial success, since it 
uses known techniques. The 
public can - start with : some 
confidence that it will not end up 
as a glorious failure such as 
Concorde: It is a workmanlike 
enterprise that is likely to make a 
considerable ' impact on trade 
and travellers from 1993 on- 
wards and fulfil the vision of 
joining Britain to . the continent 
as effectively, and -with as strong 
an impact on trade, as any of the 
more adventurous ideas 

That will only happen, how- 
ever, if the British regain the 
excitement of foe. project, - think 
through • foe implications and - 
.make foe important policy 
decisions that this Government 
is sometimes inclined to shirk 
when it sensibly passes financial 
responsibility ' to private enter- 

- The inhabitants of Kent,' for 
instance, will want to know what 
kind of planning response is to 
be made to the inevitable 
pressure to build everything - 
.from housing and warehousing 
to factories - as near .as possible 
to this exciting new transport 
corridor. That is not simply a 
question controlling the blight to 
foe garden of England. Iri parts 
of the county, dockyards, railway 
works and co almin es have de- 
clined and new jobs are needed. 

The implications for British 
Rail . also need new thought. 
France will build high-speed 
track to Calais to speed foe new 
jointly planned' -trains from 
London to Paris and Brussels. 

British Rail while welcoming the 
boost to both passenger and 
freight traffic that the link should 
-bring is not counting on these 
facilities being reproduced in 
South-East England. Some 
government supporters might 
hope that foe French, so keen to 
speed their trains to Waterloo 
Station, would take British Rail 
off their ha nds. In the absence of 
such magnanimity. Government 
policy towards rail must be 
rethought to exploit foe oppor- 
tunities that will come, whether 
in foe public or private sector. 

; Business and industry too, will 
need to do plenty of pre-plan- 
ning. Big cuts in journey times 
and costs will genuinely make 
the continent nearer, for busi- 
ness of all kinds (including 
potential new forms of bulk 
exports) as well as for the 
travelling holidaymaker. 

Most of all, suppliers as well 
as " consortium members will 
need; to use their best efforts if 
the tunnel is to beat the old jinx 
of mai nlan d projects and be built 
on. time' and to.cosL That would 
be as great a symbol of changing 
attitudes as the commitment to 
foe project itself! 



r- r-r. 



v f " 

Milos Kington 

jve with 

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V . * 


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.,<» ■ 

.• : - 

Israel’s prime minister Shimon. 
Peres- arrives in . Britain tonight, 
supposedly a disappointed yet 
hopeful man. The disappoint- 
ment springs from the . way ; in 
which the . Middle East peace 
process has run intofoesand; tfrs 
hope from foe belief that h may' 
not yet be too late to re-direct its; 
course. Gan Britain'help him do 
so?- • - 

Ostensibly that is foe purpose 
of his - talks which start in 
Downing Street tomorrow, the 
first to be held there by ah Israeli 
prime minister for seven years. 
How big a role Mr Peres really 
wants Britain to play in the 
peace 7 process however must 
remain a iirittcr for spacuBation. ~ 
On the one hand he seems to' 
need all foe help he can get-_ 
Israel has shown greater flexi- 
bility under:, his -leadership, 
agreeing in principle to talks 
with a joint J ordanjan-Palesti- 
nian delegation which could , 
even include members "of the- 
Palestine . liberation - Qigahiza- ; 
tion (PLO) - as long as they' had 
no links „wifo terrorism. But in 
the autumn he makes way, 'under 
foe terms, of foe coalition' 
government, for foe more intran- 
sigent Yitzhak Shamir - who 
could very well bring progress to 
a halt a gain. With the Arab fast 
of Ramadan beginning in May,. 
Mr Peres has to move quickly 
An gi rt- Israeli relations .have 
improved since foe invasion of 
Lebanon three yearn ago; when-' 
they sank to a subsistence leveL 
Most recently foe Foreign Office 
redeemed Britain's reputation in . 
Israeli eyes by . cancelling the 
controversial meeting .with , two. : 
Palestinians in London -last-. 
October when foe latter refused: 
to subscribe to a statement on 
Israel’s rightto exist. ' 

. The person who has most 
recently , disappointed Jerusalem 
is King Husain of Jordan, who 
hasriailed to move as far or as 
fast as- Isradis ; would like 
towards .foe setting up of direct 
peace -talks. It is said that foe 
main reason Mr Peres is hoping 
for so much from his London 
visit lies in Britain’s continuing 
influence in the Arab world and 
its particularly dose links with 
Ionian. So anxious is Mr Peres 
to enlist Mrs Thatcher’s bdp in 
harrying Husain that he may not 
- even raise the threo long-stand- 
ing Israeli grievances against this Britain’s refusal to sdl 
North Sea oil, its continuing 
arms embargo and Its adherence 
to the^Arab trade boycott. Israeli 
.ministers uriially- raise them as 
' soon , as possible after shaking 
' bands -- but not this time, it is 
expected.’' •• 

On foe other haihd, it must be 
questioned whether the Isradis 
are really hoping for as much 
from Mrs Thatcher as they aver. 
Britain has long been suspected 
by ; Jerusalem of being too "soft” 
on foe PLO.- And while Israelis 
were relieved by. foe cancellation 
of last October's meeting in 
'London, they had been less than 
pleased with Britain for setting it 
■up in the first place: In. Israel’s 
eyes it might be better for Britain 
to.resttto its Middle East role to 
one in support of the'United 
Status - a more powerful, and. 
trustworthy ally. 

According to this, argument 
Mr Peres is looking for, the kind 
of prestige visit which will 
underpin his political future at 
home as much as his policies 
abroad.; It will balance '.Mrs . 
Thatcher’s to Egypt : and Jordan 
last' September, and easily out- 

weigh foe working trip paid by 
Mr Shamir to Britiutp; three 
months earlier when he was 
given ! a straight talking-to at 
Number Ten. Although the 
. chances of a snap election before 
foe autumn are diminishing as 
■ the weeks go by, foe possibility 
remains should the right cause 
come by. 

•Mr Peres has had a largely 
successful career as prime minis- 
ter. He has withdrawn most 
Israeli troops from Lebanon, 
reduced inflation and recently 
come close to a new bilateral 
treaty with Egypt. If he called an 
election now, without due. cause, 
foe electorate might regard him 
as a political opportunist and 
voto against him anyway - 
forgetting his achievements. But 
if he advanced so far in the peace 
process that foe coalition broke 
up in disarray, Mr Peres might 
be in.a strong position to win foe 
ensuing poll. His visit to Britain 
should at least put a gloss on his 
image - and if he could persuade 
Mrs Thatcher to pay a return call 
on Jerusalem later on, so much 
the better. He must already be 
pleased by foe generous press 
reception which Iras preceded his 
arrival today. 

Britain should be prepared to 
help him, to the limited extent 
foat it can, that is to say without 
trying to interfere in Israel’s 
domestic politics. Procedural 
difficulties over a framework for 
talks and foe issue of Palestinian 
representation stand in the way 
of foe peace process. These are. 
not insurmountable. But they 
■require a flexibility by Israel, 
that is more likely to come from 
a Peres government than one led 
by foe man who is due to 
succeed him. 


Damaging effects of science ‘brain drain’ Call for a wildlife 

‘living classroom’ 

- jr - Private schools trend 

1 . From the Headmaster of Caffe’s 
„« School . 

Sir, LikeX>avid Han (January. 14) i- 
r do not apportion blame (or credit) 
... . < ’ for the increase in demand for places 

f' at independent schools and I share 
. - in his appeal to the Government to 
. make more fimds -available-. for 

- ’-V education in general and teachers’ 

pay in particular. - ' . 

: However I should need to hear 

t . ; more persuasive arguments "before. 

; , accepting. that the maintained sector 

■ of education is suffering quite 

. ; • considerably in-comparison with the 

• '•* w independent sector^ in expenditure 

on education. -It is Important to 
compare like with like: the cost of 
educating a pupil in this mdepen- 

. .' dent inner London day-school (until 

1976 an ILEA grammar school) is 

• J £1,974. : : _ ; -. 

Virtually dll the income of. the 
' r school comes . from fees. Tables 
, S published r in your columns ; have 
; shown the rest bf ; educaung 
;■ [a'\ secondary pupils in-ILEA schools as- 
being higher than this.. Several other 
independent boys* schools m our 
area have similar fees to . outs and m 
f*: the riris’ - (especially .Giris 

Pubhc Day Schocds TrustJ tbe fees 

■ arc even lower. '' • . - .. 

Part" of the problem., must 
th er e fo re, lie in the way -available 
funds are allocate! My m ain tai n ed 
school colleagues assure me that 
they ’have a less favourable staffing 
ratio, fewer scale posts, lower 
salaries, less 20 spend on books and 
other resombes and little, building 
improvement compared with neigh- 
bouring independent schools. Yet 
.their costs are -higher; Could 
that these higher costs are the result 
of the ! considerable bureaucracy 
associated wifh the .administrative,' 
advisory and: Other services supplied 
by the ILEA? .'. 

proposals to privatise the edu- 
catibn service of-ltiu .country never 
' foil xo raise political hackles but if a 
very much higher- proportion of ■the 
fimds available to educate pupils in 
the maintained sector were ad min is- 
iered' by the heads and their stafts 
.- their situation would be.doser to the 
. freedom enjoyed: by .independent 
- schools and soughtby. many parents. 

I am cncoura^d by the news,that at 

least- one local - authority . (Cam- 
bridgeshire)’ has. taken a sagnificant 
.slepiri fora direction.. . - . 

Youre sinceneiy. • i’ V- 

: VIVIAN.ANTHONY.Tleadnt aster, 

■CoMe'sSdhooL : ‘ - : 

Horn Park Lane, SE11 v. • 
January \S. 

Guns at Heathrow 

From Deputy Assistant Com- 
missioner Ji. B. Wells 
Sir, Philip Charles and Martyn John 
(January 1 5) express concern at the 
armed officers at Heathrow. I. share 
their concern and regret the 

■ Mr Charles, rightly implies that a 

more powerful “weapon carries more 

danger, but we cannot risk - or 
encourage - a. Rome or Vienna 
massacre by burying oirr heads. The 

■ weapons chosen and the men who 

■ wig use them are first-class. Our aim 
is to minimise foe risk to innocent 
bystanders caught up in any terrorist 
attack by . significantly reducing a 
terrorist’s capacity to. inflict injury 
and death. 

Mr John argues his case, with 
.which we dp not agree, from three 
instances widely separated by time 
and place. All such incidents arc 
given a dramatically high profile and 
must be weighed against foe less 
advertised but. growing use of 
firearms by criminals; as well as our 
own reluctant, .but increasing, 

Yours faithfully. 


Directorpf Public Affairs, 

New Scotland Yard, 

'Broadway, SWJ, 

From Professor J. H. Suhak-Skarpe 
and Dr H.S. Marsden 
Sir, On January 13 you published a 
half-page advertisement expressing 
concern for the state of British 
science, headed “Save British 
Science”. Although we were not 
members of the group of scientists 
who placed that advertisement, we 
wish to make public our total 
support for the views expressed 
there and to illustrate from our 
personal experience the very real 
basis for concern. 

This institute studies viruses 
which infect h umans and is. in- 
volved in basic research at the 
interface between science and 
medicine. It enjoys a high inter- 
national reputation in a rapidly 
expanding field and its graduating 
PhDs are much sought by both 
academia and industry. Analysis of 
the whereabouts of our recent 
doctoral graduates discloses an 
alarming recent “brain drain”. 

Between 1971 and 1981 of 34 
British individuals who obtained 
their PhDs here, more than half 
have spent an immediate post-doc- 
toral period working abroad. Of 
those presently working as scientists, 
29 are in Britain, one is in the USA 
and two are in Europe. Of our 13 
British PhD graduates since 1981, 
only three are working in science 
within the UK, 10 are in the USA 
and one is in France. Six out of 
seven foreign students who have 
graduated PhD here have returned 
to their home countries. 

We meet some of our PhD 
graduates and those of our other 
British universities at scientific 
meetings in the USA. What particu- 
larly concerns us is that not only do 
the majority now wish to remain 
and work there, but they profess a 


a successful niture career in science 
in Britain. Moreover, as teachers 
and research scientists, it would be 
irresponsible of us at present to 
reassure our young and pro mising 

Our research area, the molecular 
biolqgy and molecular genetics of 
viruses, is a field of current scientific 
excitement The research involves 
protein, nucleic arid and recombi- 
nant DNA technology. Develop- 
ments in these areas are essential to 
the biotechnology industry, which is 
widely expected to contribute 
substantially to the nation's future 
prosperity and employment pros- 
pects. Already we 'have great 
difficulty in attracting suitably 
trained post-doctoral scientists to 
apply for available positions. We are 
unable to offer sufficiently attractive 
conditions and salaries to be 

In our opinion the attitudes of 
successive governments and particu- 
larly the policy of the present 
Government in under-funding basic 
science, is damaging foe nation’s 
potential for future effective re- 
search. This in turn must disadvan- 
tage the UK relative to its industrial 
competitors. Unless Government 
and Parliament correct the situation 
ihe>' must explicitly accept responsi- 
bility for the long-term damage 
which will result from continuation 
of the present policy. 

Yours faithfully, 

University of Glasgow, 

Department of Virology, 

Church Street, 


January 16. 

The green debate 

From Mr Hugh Gardner 
Sir, Your leader (January 8) 
welcoming Mr Waldegrave’s acti- 
vism in rural affairs overlooks what 
is. to me. the obvious solution to 
current conflicts. 

When foe Ministry of Agriculture 
was set up in 1919, and when 1 
joined it in 1933, the great majority 
of dwellers in rural areas were 
formers and farm workers. A 
Minister of Agriculture with Cabinet 
rank was obviously justified. The 
justification was doubtful when 1 
retired in 1970, and is even more 
doubtful today, however much 
far ina? may wish to have a 
producers' representative at the 
court ofcentral government”. 

You refer to the “disparity within 
the town and country p lanning 
laws” between forming and other 
interests. But there is a basic 
difference. The person who is denied 
permission for non-forming devel- 
opment in a rural area, on land he 
owns or seeks to acquire, can cany 
out foe development elsewhere. This 
option is not open to the farmer. 
And formers, as a body, would 
hardly take kindly to decisions that 
may affect their livelihoods taken by 
non-agricultural bodies and officials. 

There can only be confusion, 
administratively, between the Mini- 
stry of Agriculture's interest in 
conservation, which yon describe as 
“unchallengeable”, and Mr Wal de- 
grave's “aggrandizing bid” for bis 

department » - . --*» — 

Surely the doctrine of “creative years of preparation work took place 
tension” received its death blow 1° hectares suitable 

from foe collapse of the Ministry of for . other compatible 

Land and Natural Resources and foe important that this 

Department of Economic Affairs, set “P** shouId 1x5 account 

From Mr Roger Whealer 

Sir. Unless current world trends are 
reversed, two out of every five 
species of fish, birds and reptiles will 
become extinct in 20 years. Crises of 
this nature are visible all across the 
world and British zoos are now 
joining forces with their overseas 
counterparts in an international 
effort to save endangered species. 

These species include Przewalski's 
Horse, the European Bison, PCre 
David’s Deer, the Arabian Oryx, the 
Golden Lion Tanrarin, the Hawaiian 
Goose and the Round Island Gecko. 
All are now extinct or on foe very 
edge of extinction in the wild, saved 
by zoos and bred in sufficient 
numbers to return them to the wild 
state. Indeed five pairs of 1985-bom 
Scimitar-homed Oryx have recently 
been reintroduced into the Bou- 
Hedma National Park in T unisia by 
MarweU Zoological Park, Whips- 
nade Park and Edinburgh Zoo. 

However, there is more to 
conservation than such projects — 
however valuable. A learning pro- 
cess is involved. Zoos have realised 
that they need to help people 
“discover" the truth about the 
destruction of both wildlife and its 
vital natural habitats and to start the 
slow climb back to a more carrful, 
caring society. 

^ Zoos should be viewed as being a 
“living classroom” as only by 
coming into close proximity with 
some of these strange but delightful 
creatures can we draw attention to 
their plight and really begin to 
appreciate the irreversible loss and 
future potential losses across the 
board - from butterflies to the big 

Of course, human interference in 
the natural habitat of many of these 
species is often the major cause of 
their potential extinction. Hence, 
before reintroduction schemes can 
be carried out essential ground-work 
must be completed. Before the 
recent reintroduction of the Scimi- 
tar-horned Oryx to T unisia, eight 

up on this principle in 1 964! 

Should not foe change in the 
structure of the countryside and the 
nature of hs problems since the 
Ministry of Agriculture was set up in 
1919 be reflected in the creation ofa 
Department of Rural Affairs, taking 
over foe present functions of foe 
ministry, Mr Waldegrave’s functions 
at foe Department of foe Environ- 
ment and, perhaps, certain specifi- 
cally rural functions of other 
departments? Such departments 
exist in other countries. And the 
possibility was considered, but 
rejected, by the Haldane committee 
in foe different circumstances of 

Yours faithfully, 


United Oxford & Cambridge 
University Club, 

71 PalJ MalLSWl. 

before proper conservation reintro- 
duction schemes can take place. 

In the meantime, zoos act as land- 
based arks where species can be 
preserved and strengthened by 
careful captive breeding pro- 
grammes until the time when secure 
natural habitats can be found. 
Further action is needed now, on a 
worldwide scale, both in conser- 
vation and education. 

Yours faithfully, 


The National Federation of 
Zoological Gardens of Great Britain 
and Ireland, 

Zoological Gardens. 

Regent’s Park, NW I . 

January 17. 

BP shipping 

Westland’s future 

From Mr Charles P. Reed 
Sir. Those politicians demanding 
inquiries into foe Westland affair 
might be heard with more respect if 
they refrain from prejudging the 
findings of such inquiries. The 
following judicial observation is 
surely as appropriate to politics as it 
is to the law: 

As everybody who has anything to do 
with the law well knows, the path of the 
law is str e w n with examples of open and 
shut cases which, somehow,, were non of 
unanswerable charges which, in the 
event, were completely answered; of 
inexplicable conduct which was folly 

-per Megarry, J in John v. Rees 
(1969) 2 AUER 274 atp309. 

Yours sincerely, 


5 Ightham House, 

Beihersden Close, 



Smoking in Norway 

From Mr A. D. C. Turner 
Sir, Scottish MP, Mr George 
FouDces has been widely reported as 
wishing to introduce a Bill to outlaw 
smoking in almost every conceiv- 
able public place. His proposals 
have become ever more bizarre and 
extreme and the latest addition he 
recommends (report, January 7) is 
that smoking should be banned in 
private motor vehicles, as is the 
' case, so he says, in Norway. 

In fact there is no law at all in 
Norway to prevent either drivers or 
passengers smoking in private cars 
and Mr Foulkes would be wdl 
advised to check more carefully 
before making misleading state- 
ments designed to assist his 
unnecessary legislative notions. 
Yours faithfully, 


Tobacco Advisory Council, 

Glen House. 

Stag Place, SW1. 

January' 7. 

Art and design apart 

From the Curator af the Royal 
Academy Schools 

Sir. While welcoming foe reassur- 
ance given by foe Chairman of the 
Board of the National Advisory 
Body for Public Sector Higher 
Education (January 15) that NAB’s 
planning for 1987/88 must take into 
account foe extent of any resultant 
damage through reduction, I greatly 
regret that his letter does nothing to 
allay my concern, strongly re- 
inforced by your subsequent corre- 
spondents, about foe damage to be 
expected from separating art and 

Having served on his Art and 
Design Working Group since it was 
formed in 1982. J can assure you 
that I always expected, and certainly 
grew accustomed to, but most 
emphatically did not resign oyer, foe 
“difficult circumstances*’ which be 

I resigned. Sir, because of his 
board's decision on separation, 
which I believed to be wrong; 
because that decision was taken in 
spite of foe view of foe An and 
Design Working Group; because 
that view was supported by foe 
opinion of specialist bodies, sought 
by NAB and received by foe group; 
and. finally, because I felt I had to 
do whai 1 could — which I could not 
do as a member of foe group - to 
bring foe board’s attention to foe 
strength of feeling on this issue. 

In view of foe most difficult 
matters which NAB will now be 
contending with, it is to be very 
much hoped that foe decision on 
separation may yet be re-considered, 
so as to ensure, in Mr Ball's own 
words, that “foe reduction in 
provision is brought about with 
minimum damage." 

Yours faithfully, 

Curator, Royal Academy Schools, 
Royal Academy of Arts, 

Piccadilly. Wi. 

January 1 7. 

From Mr A M. B. Bell 
Sir. BFs shipping division has 
announced (report, January 9) that It 
is flagging out; moving 25 ships 
from foe UK registry and making 
1,690 seafarers redundant. 

This move, which involves third- 
party “agency manning", will, it is 
claimed, save our company £10 - 
£12 million a year and has been 
done with no apparent consultation 
with anyone except three foreign 
companies, one each in Switzerland, 
Hong Kong and Bermuda. 

Do you suppose that foe BP 
management will have foe gall to 
continue to prefix our ships names 
with foe title British? As a 
shareholder, can I suggest FOC (flag 
of convenience) substitutes: foe first 
to be renamed could be British 

Yours faithfully. 






January’ 1 5. 

In the bag 

From Mr M. E. Ewart-James 
Sir, 1 understand that foe Lord 
Chancellor has indicated that foe 
Woolsack is becoming progressively 
more uncomfortable and needs 
renewal. The House of Lords is 
reported to be undecided between 
wool and horsehair as stuffing 
May 1 suggest foe use of Falkland 
Islands wool. This would have foe 
advantage of appealing to popular 
sentimentality, reminding us all of 
foe government in power at foe time 
of the stuffing, and serving in future 
to remind those who sit on it, as it in 
turn becomes felted and uncomfort- 
able. of foe consequences of short- 
sighted Government policies. 

Yours faithfully. 



Box Hill. 



January 1 7. 


JANUARY 211973 

On January 20 the Government 
obtained a majority of TO in the 
Commons on c vote to cancel the 
Channel Thmnel project - a decision 
which earned the approval o/Tbe 
Times. Eleven years later the paper 
takes a different view of the link with 
France. Thomas Barnes, its great 

editor from 1817 to 1841, would have 
commended such a reversal in policy. 

He believed that the important 
question was “not what we said then, 
but whether what we say sum is true 
and just, and to the purpose now”. 


The fact that the Government 
appear to have been a trifle precipitate, 
even opportunist, in the manner in 
which the Channel tunnel has been 
abandoned does not alter the rightness 
of the decision to abandon. Formal 
notice by the tunnel companies on 
January 2 that faflure by the British 
Government to ratify the Anglo-French 
Treaty was deemed by them to 
constitute abandonment was intended 
as no more than a protective measure 
pending negotiation of new terms. That 
the Government have chosen not to 
negotiate new terms, but rather to 
regard technical as actual abandon- 
ment, suggests, as indeed was bec oming 
increasingly evident before Christmas, 
that they had already privately pigeon 
holed fha tunnel alongside Map Lin as 
one of those large prestige projects the 
country either does not want or cannot 

Thay have thus brought to an abrupt 
end a poker game that was expected to 
go on for some time, at least until the 
Caimcross Committee completed its 
independent assessment in the spring, 
but whose outcome has not been much 
in doubt. All parties appear to have 
acted within their rights, and bath the 
French Government and foe 
companies appear pained rather than 
aggrieved. As for Parliament and 
public, they have learned to be wary of 
Long-drawn out games of this kind 
which so often lead to a costly 
commitment for the taxpayer “because 
it is too late to turn back 1 ’. In the case 
of the tunnel, whose promoters have 
played a skilful hand this past 15 years, 
there was a clear danger of such an 
outcome: indeed the French have 
openly anticipated h quite recently. So 
for that reason an early decision rather 
than a late one is welcome, provided it 
is right. 

Presumably the Caimcross report, if 
and when It is published, will spell out 
the detail in an impartial way that has 
not unfortunately been done before. 
But on the face of it, as repeatedly 
argued in these columns, the benefits of 
this project to Britain in political, 
economic, and geographical terms have 
never been satisfactorily established; 
and even those elements of the case 
which have been made to the 
satisfaction of Hs promoters have been 
greatly weakened by the emerging 
energy situation and the state of the 
world and British economy in the past 
year. There was perhaps a political case 
for it in the early sixties as a not too 
costly earnest of Britain's honest 
intention towards Europe; there was 
perhaps a commercial case for it five 
years ago when in days of affluence car 
traffic across the Channel was growing 
even faster than early studies had 
predicted. But with the cost of the 
project now estimated at around 
£2.000 m and traffic static or fa lli ng , 
the Utter consideration is no more 
valid now than the former. 

The one argument for the tunnel 
that has never been fhalkngwH - its 
value as a link between the British and 
European railway systems - remains 
valid in principle. It would be very nice 
to whisk across to Paris or Brussels in 
railbome comfort; it would help the 
railways and take a modicum of traffic 
off the roads. But the value of these 
benefits does not begin to approach the 
cost of the project as hitherto proposed. 
Perhaps, as the Secretary of State for 
the Environment suggested in an- 
nouncing the Government’s derision 
yesterday, an electrified rail link will 
yet come within his lifetime. We shall 
see. At least we have had an object 
lesson in how not to work towards such 
an outcome. 

The zyain element of it. once again, 
is that Government should be more 
sensitively aware of the unfolding 
needs of the people, and not be carried 
away by attractive-looking projects 
which, on closer examination, are seen 
to be not in tune with them. In this 
case the coup de grace has doubtless 
been delivered by economic and energy 
considerations which governments of 
the sixties can be forgiven for not 
foreseeing. But they should have seen 
the emerging socio-economic trend 
towards ‘‘scatter and spread", towards 
dispersal of population and activity 
from the great agglomerations so 
largely brought about fay the nine- 
teenth-century railway system. In 
terms of links with Europe, this trend 
was reflected by a steady extension of 
sea services around the south and east 
coasts without concentration of traffic 
or costly investment. The tunnel, a 
high -capacity, high-cost funnel in the 
already congested south-east, was 
directly contrary to this trend. 

Unfair dismissals 

From Mr John Connell 
Sir, I had some hope or perhaps, in 
retrospect, a naive belief that the 
concept of unfair dismissal appear- 
ing for foe first time in foe Industrial 
Relations Act of 1971 would go 
some way to enhance the status and 
dignity of the employee. I thought 
that this provision in foe statute was 
intended to provide something 
approaching a substantial right with 
respect to one's job. 

However that was not to be. Our 
so-called labour courts have made 
certain foe law was interpreted and 
applied in a manner that ensured foe 
minimum of interference with the 
employers' freedom to hire and fire 
ai will.' 

In recent years foe Government 
has taken steps to further protect 

this freedom of the employer by 
removing substantially foe burden 
of proof from his shoulders and 
increasing from one to two years the 
qualifying period for unfair dis- 
missal claims in establishments 
below a certain size. 

. Additional measures arc now 
being considered by the Department 
of Employment. Employees daring 
to make unfair dismissal claims may 
be fined £10D if they fail to win forir 
case in an industrial tribunal. In 
effect courts which ostensibly exist 
to uphold an employee's statutory 
rights can be turned into institutions 
for branding them as criminals if 
they dare exercise that right. 

The chances of winning a claim 
are already pretty slim and there is 
in existence a rigorous procedure for 
processing claims before they reach 
a fell tribunal hearing. 

In some twenty years as a 
manager in laigc power station 
construction. ! never bad occasion 

to dismiss an employee. There were 
many problems, but to have resorted 
to foe weapon of dismissal, foe easy 
way out. would have been, in my 
view, an indication of managerial 

To suggest now that it must be 
made even easier for employers to 
apply the ultimate sanction of 
industry (i.c.. dismissal) to further 
their own interest is not progress as I 
understand it. 

Yours faithfully. . 



Exburn Road, 




Staying power 

From Mr J. B. Sloan 
Sir, I still use daily a pair of hak 
brushes bought in 1944 from foe 
Naafi shop in Kasr-el-Nil barracks, 
Cairo, which are much closer to 
their then state than foe head they 
tend now. 

Yours cur. 


Wynfoni, Hudnall Lane, 

Little Gaddesden, Hertfordshire. 

Far festive fare 

From the Rev T. R. Haggis 
Sir May I reassure Mr A. M. T. 
Sanders' brother (January 14) that 
he is not alone in having had 
difficulty in getting a haggis into the 
United States. On a visit a few years 
ago T was delayed some considerable 
time at New York’s JFK airport 
while a suspicious immigration 
official checked on foe validity of 
my visa. At least I wasn’t mistaken 
for a salami . . . 

I remain. Sir. 

Yours faithfully. 

tim haggis. 

10 College Road. 

ChilwcH. Nottingham. 

•>,<* j\ 

v ... ■ 






The Prince of Wales, Patron of the 
Royal Society for Nature Conser- 
vation. will host a reception at 
Kensington Palace on February 26. 
The Duke of Kent will visit Bombay 
in connection with the Duke of 

January 2Ch Sir Peter Miles had the Edinburgh's Commonwealth Study 
honour of being received by The Conference from May 8 lo J 1. 

Queen this evening when Her _ „ _ , e » , ... . . 
Majesty conferred upon him the ‘ of *V* }t 

honour of Knighthood and invested Australia from May 19 to 31 in 
him with the Insignia of a Knight «*"£“! « lUl the 2ft, f 
Commander of the Royal Victonan Edinburgh * Commonwealth Study 


The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh will dine with the 
Australian High Commissioner on 
February ! I. 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh will give a reception at 
Buckingham Palace on February 12 
for ihe winners of the Queen's 
Awards for Export and Technology- 
The Queen will open the new 
premises of the Royal Society of 
Health at 38a St George's Drive, 
SWI.on February 13. 

The Princess of Wales will open the 
new maternity unit at Newham 
General Hospital, El 3, on February 

Conference and will undertake 
engagements in Western Australia. 
New South Wales, Victoria and 

Princess Alexandra. Patron of the 
Mental Health Foundation, will 
attend a screening of the Thames 
Television series Someone to Talk 
To at 149 Tottenham Court Road, 
W1 on February 20. 

A memorial service for Vice-Admi- 
ral Sir Conoily Abel Smith will be 
held in The Queen's Chapel of The 
Savoy at noon today. 

A service of thanksgiving for the life 
and work of Dan fon will be held at 
Sx James's Church. Piccadilly, on 
Tuesday. February 1 1, at 1 1.30am. 

Memorial services 

Mr A. H. A. Dibbs 
A memorial service for Mr A. H. A. 
Dibbs was held at St Margaret's, 
Lo lb bury, EC2, yesterday. The Rev 
Chandos Morgan officiated. Mr P. 
B. H. May and Lord Board man read 
the lessons and Mr Robin Leigh- 
Pemberton. Governor of the Bank 
of England, gave an address. Among 
those present were: 

Mrs Dlbta (widow). Mbs Carolina QIBto* and 
Mbn Jennifer CXWW (OauafiteTCl. Mr Paul 
Battson. Mr Peter Batten. Tettea Banson. 

Eerl Spencor and Countess Sumctr 
■reptwsentutg uw BrJtMi Tourist Authority), 
use Cart ol Crawford and Bolcarrea. 

Wood (cxecuow director. Harabros Bonk) 
Mr Philip Lewis (chairman, British Sports 
Association tor the Dtaabtedi with Mr A D 
ToOftoy MndulRiunh Mr W J David 

Sword 'Caledonian Club) and Mr P Truett 
(Lloyd's Golf Club). 

Viscount Sandon with Sir Anthony Touche 
identity chairmen. 

and Mr W J Benson 

National Westminster Bank) and Mrs 
Benson: Lord O'Brien of Lotnburv. Lord 

dandync. Che Hon T J Manners. Sir 

Seymour Egerton. Sir Robert dark. Sir 
Edward Playfair. Sir Archibald Tomas. 

Sir Alexander Dune (Surrey County 
Cricket Club) with Mr Dnek H Newton 

'chairman): Sir Robert Clark (chairman. 

Hill Samuel) with Mr Richard Licud: Sir 

Alan Campbell. Sir Patrick Mroney. Sir 
Hush CUWtL Sir Edwin Nixon. Sir Patrick 
Sergeant 'chairman. Euromoney Pubu- 
cantmsl. Sir John Pndeaux. Sir Jack 
Wenings '600 Group). Sir Peter and Lady 

Canon A. G. G. C. Pentreath 

The Archbishop of Canterbury 
was represented by the Bishop of 
Rochester at a memorial service for 
Canon Guy Pentreath held yester- 
day in Westminster Abbey. The 
Right Rev Edward Knapp- Fisher, 
Sub-Dean of Westminster, offi- 
ciated. assisted by the Rev Michael 
Thompson. The Rev William 
Booth, Chaplain of Westminster 
School, led ihe prayers and Mr 
Michael Pentreath. son. read the 
lesson. Sir Peter Gadsden gave an 
address. Among those present were: 

Mr P W Wilkinson (group chief executive. 
National Westminster Bulk). Mr D 8 

Money -Courts i Courts and Company'. Mr G 

n Mot**. Mr and Mrs □ M Child. Mr and 
Mrs T P FrooL Mr David Robertson 
(Tomujwii). Mr J E a Roe iWanon Hcaih 
Golf Club)- Mr John Emburey. Mr CoUn 
Cowdrey. Mrs Joan Rothschild (English 
Ladles Golf Association). Mr Robert 

Mrs M Pentreath (da ugh leMn-law). 
Commodore and Mrs D Pentreath (son and 
daughter-in-law), Mr and Mrs B M H 

Boddington isan-tn-taw and daughter). Mr 

and Mrs N R Pentreath. Miss D F PentraUl, 

Mr T Pentreath. Mr J P PentreaUh. RN. Mr 
BT Pentreath. Miss NR Boddington and Mr 

J R Boddington (grsndcnildren). Medoe- 

General F Pentreath (brother). Colonel and 
Mrs « M H Moore. Mr R N Pentreath. Motor 
P J Pentreath. Mis J Russell. Mrs J 
CUpham. Dr R J Pentreath. 

Sir Ronald Praia. Mr Julian Jeffs. 

and Mn Jeffs. Mr 8 Kfgqa. QC. Canon 
Turner (rrprenenling die Dean a 


Henderson) representing the chairman. 

British Airways' with Mr 

and Qiaputr 

of Rochester). Mr Alaslalr MaCPherson 
iHaHeybury Socsny). Mr R S Bramwefl 

_ Gordon Dunlop 

ichtef financial officer i. 

MrJGW Davies inrcsidBit. MnryleBane 
Cnckel a ubi. Mrs K M Cameron 
i representing Lord's Taverners. Guernsey. 
Financial Management lruernaDonal. 
Guernsey. KG V. Guernsey). Mr E W 
Swanlon irepresenUng Kent County Cricket 

Ctubb and the Forty Club). Mrs PartJCte 

FelUuun 'Surrey County Cricket Club 
Youth Tncdl. Mr E J Rice (Friends or 

Arundel Castle Cricket Club). Mr Charles 

Robins tArgeaUne Cricket AssoCMUnni. 

Mrs RoMn Leigh- Pemberton. Mr Roy 
Fulllck (representing the governors. 
Hartwell House). Mr Hugh Dundas 
(chairman. British Electric Traction 
Company) with Mr Nicholas wills 'chief 
executive): Miss Maty Wright. Mr P D HW- 

'Councll Of Qfellenhant CoUmc). Mr J Le M 

Lawrence 'Did Cheltonlana Sadi 

__ mb'), Mrs j 

Wapies 'chairman. National Association of 

Decorative ana Fine Arts Societies r. Mr J B 

PendJe 'representing the Governors Of 

w rekin College. Telford) and Ihe 
Headminter and Mrs Arkell; Mr R W Fisher 

'representing the headmaster. 91 Peter", 

College. Adelaide). Mr L T Ooiguhoun (St 
Peicr'i Old Golleglansi. 

Mrs M M Dcrtow .Hellenic Traveller* auhj, 
Mr K F PMder (Acting Agent-General for 
South Australia). Miss w M C Lodge. Dr B 
Anderson. Mr P A Clayton. Professor and 
Mrs R H C Daws. Motor and Mrs G R 
Howard-Vyse, Mr R O Hearn. Mr J Swan 
and Wing Commander A G Trevmer- 

Strong start 
for England 

By a Bridge Correspondent 

England made an excellent start to 
ttoeir defence of the Camrose trophy, 
ihe home country's bridge inter- 
national series, beating Wales at 
Wrexham over the weekend by 24- 
6. 24-6 and 22-8. Northern Ireland 
beat Scotland at Glen Gormley, 
near Belfast, by 14-16, 16-14 and 20- 

The next round is on February 8 
and 9 when England play Scotland 
and Wales play Ireland. 

Standings: England 70. N Ireland 80. 
~ - - 'O. Wales' 

Scotland. 40.' 

Towns: England) J M Armstrong. G T 
Kirby: R S Brock. A R Forrester: 1 NR. 

Ireland: B Senior. H Campbell: 
Rosenberg. R Anderson: H Bums. L 
Rosenberg: rion-o laying captain. E Hall. 
Scotland: V SDverstone. B Shenkln: W 
” Arthur: 

„ Mr* J 

Newton. Miss J Newton: M Baker. L 
Sheridan: non-playing captain. A Casey. 

Birthdays today 

Dr Alan Borg. 44; Dr J.H. Burnett. 
64; Mr Rohan Butler, 69; Lord 
Cayzcr, 76: Mr John Denison. 75; 
Mr Placido Domingo. 45; Dr John 
Hayes. 57; Mr Benny Hill, 61: Sir 
David Home, 82; Major-General 
A.P.W. Hope. 75; Sir George H. 
Middleton, 76; Mr Jack Nicklaus, 
46: Dr Sir John Reid. 61; the 
Marquess of Tavistock, 46; Rear- 
Admiral Sir Richard Trowbridge, 
66; Professor Sir William Weipers. 
82: Mr Laurence Whistler, 74; Mr 
Nonnaa Willis, 53. 


British Council 

Sir David Orr. Chairman of the 
British Council, was host at a 
luncheon held yesterday at the 
Goring Hotel in honour of the 
Minister of Education, Egypt. 

Institute of Taxation 
Mr Wreford Voge, President of the 
Institute of Taxation, was host at a 
luncheon held yesterday at the 
Savoy HoteL The Lord Mayor of 
Westminster was the principal guest 
and the Lord Mayor of London was 
presented with a certificate of 
fellowship of Ihe institute. The other 
guests included: 

Lord Cam (Ton of Uxnbrbam. 
Graham. Lord Gruitcnenr.. Mr 

MocGrcoar. MP. Mr John Wok* ham. 
Sir lan Pcrd val. 

QC. MP. Mr Peter Hem. 

QC. MP. Mr Robert Sheldon. MP. Sir 
Lawrence Alraf. representatives of 
professional bodies- llw Board of inland 
Revenue and km Customs and Exdn: 
members of council, chairman of the 

institute's branches and senior members of 

the secTetartM. 


National Sporting Club 
The National Sporting Club held a 
boxing dinner at Grosveaor House 
last night at which the Arsenal 
football club were the guests of 
honour. Mr Jarvis Astaire was in the 
chair and the other speakers were 
Mr Cardew Robinson. Mr Don 
Howe and Mr Kenneth Wolsten- 
holme. Secretary of the National 
Sporting Club. 



Mr S. R. Morison 
and Miss P. J. Owen 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, only son of Lord 
Morison, of 6 Carlton Terrace. 
Edinburgh, and Mrs L. Morison, of 
Cramond Brig, Edinburgh, and 
Penelope, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs A. J. Owen, of Westland Green, 
Little Hadham. Hertfordshire. 

Captain C. R. M. Bishop 
and Miss R. J. Nelmes 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles Bishop, The 
Queen's Own Hussars, son of the 
late Brigadier R. V. Bishop and Mrs 
John Can, of The Old Forge, Great 
Glenham, Suffolk, and Rosalind 
Jane, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Gordon Nelmes, of Gardeners. 
Hatfield PevereL, Essex. 

Dr D. M. Holt 
and Miss D. M. A. Preedy 
The engagement is announced 
between David, son of Mr and Mrs 
N. Holt, of Kjrkheaton. Yorkshire, 
and Diana, eldest daughter of Mr 
and Mr G. A P re edy . of Ash lead, 

Mr A TV. Macdonald 
and Miss E. C. Roney 
The engagement is announced 
between AJasair, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs A. Macdonald, of Forres, 
Morey, and Clare, daughter of Mr E. 
R. Roney, of Norwich, and Mrs 
Elizabeth Roney, of Stratford St 
Andrew, Suffolk. 

Mr J. Pitt 
and Miss J. Barton 
The engagement is announced 
between John, elder son of Mr and 
Mn J. Pitt of CarshaJion Beeches, 
Surrey, and Judith, eldest daughter 
of Dr J. and Dr C. Barton, of 
Reading, Berkshire. 

Latest wills 

Lady Weeks of Winfrith, Dorset, 
widow of Li-General Lord Weeks, 
chairman of Vickers, left estate 
valued at £2 12,674. 

Mr Clifford George Evans, of 
Ooddiau. Powys, actor and director 
left estate valued at £1 15.564 net. 

Mr Sydney Herbert Smith, of 
Hessle, North Humberside, Labour 
MP for Hull South West, 1945-50. 
left estate valued at £80.424 net. 

Mr Geoffrey Ashall G buster, of 
Leeds. West Yorkshire. British 
Council Librarian, left estate valued 
at £122.645 net He left half his 
estate to the Britisb Council 
Benevolent Fund. 

Latest appointments 

Latest appointments include: 

Mr B. H. Pryor, QC. to be a circuit 
judge on the South Eastern CircuiL 
Mr S. M. Willis to be a circuit judge 
on the South Eastern CircuiL 
Mr M. S. Blackburn to be a circuit 
judge on the Northern Circuit. 
Captain C. L. Wood, RN. to be 
promoted Rear-Admiral and to be 
Director General Fleet Support 
Policy and Services, in succession to 
Rear-Admiral E. Maclean, on April 

Colonel John Parkes. QBE. 
formerly Chief of Staff Royal 
Military College of Science. Shri- 
venham. has been appointed 
General Secretary of the Conference 
of Independent Further Education 
in succession to Captain Harry 
Brieriey, who retired on December 
31, 1985. 

Miss Joyce Blow to be appointed 
Chairman of the Mail Order 
Publishers' Authority. 

Lincoln's Inn 

The following awards and 
have been made: 


(Ctuiar* Cott. Cambridge/. 

(Oirtsl Church, Oxford). M A R K Art ol 

OjMrta Unlv^p s_ Marshall iQuranl 


J Mynra (Downing Con. 
MM R D Tudor WUUarn* 

12 2SSLSSS** _ 

Banned prize: MOB Colttngj (Lo n don 
School of Economics); Donning prize: C L 
Evans (Unlv Can. London/: Megan y prim 
R L MflleU (Trinity HoU. Cambridge). 

UncoWi hm atudn t of the year 

D T Nolan (Noumghani UMvl 


Mr 5. D. Knight 

and Mrs D. P. Thomson 

The marriage took place quietly on 

January 20 ax Bromley Register 

Office between Mr Steven David 

Knight and Mrs Della Pauline 

Thomson, both of Kent. 


Gallery decision imminent 

By Charles Knevht. Architecture Correspondent 

The architect of ihe Hampton site extension 
to the National Gallery in Trafalgar Square was 
thought likely to be commissioned yesterday 
although his name will not be announced 

Four British and two American architects 
invited lo prepare proposals by thc-irusiecs were 
interviewed over the past four days by a 
selection committee headed by Mr Jacob 
Rothschild, chairman of the gallery trustees. 

It is believed that three of the designs have a 
marked classical theme- to sympathize with the 
neo-classical facade of the present gallery by 
William Wilkins. Mr Cobb’s design however, is 
believed to be in the Post-Modern style and to 
be built in brick. 

The selection committee’s choice of architect 
will be put to the trustees before the commission 
is con finned. They have been asked, like the 
competitors, to be available during theearly part 
of this week. A press conference to announce the 
winner could be held later this week. 

This is the fourth attempt to build an 
extension on the Hampton site since 1980. Mr 
Michael Hcseltine. then Secretary of State for 
the Environment, staged an international 
architect-developer competition in 1981 after 
the trustees, including Sir John Sainsbury, failed 
in their first attempt to raise private funds. 

»3i e T , t£E i,, SE 

Developments, was refused ptarmmg permission 
in 1984 after a public inquiry into a. modified 

The Sainsbury brothers stepped in wiih their 
gift last April. 

The committee comprises Sir John Sainsbuiy, 
Mr Simon Sainsbury and Mr Timothy 
Sainsbury, conservative MP for Hove, who arc 
donating up to £25 million to pay for the 
extension as a gift to the nation; Sir Isaiah 
Berlin. OM. Carol Hubbard, Lord Dufferm and 
AVA. Bridget Riley, Stuart Young, and Mr Alan 
Brahm and Sir Michael Levey, of the gallery. 

are choosing an architect, not a design, although 
ail the competitors have submined detailed 
sketches. Mr Henry Nicholas Cobb, of LM. Pei 
& Partners, and Mr Jeremy Dixon were nany^ 
by The Times last week as the probable front- 

Two assessors of The Times/ 
RIBA Community enterprise 
awards. Mrs Maureen Read, 
a community organizer bom 
Southampton, and Mr John 
Lane, an architect from 
Glasgow, inspecting the 
Tabernacle Community 
Centre, Notting Hill, Lon- 
don, one of the 33 second- 
stage entries. From left: Mrs 
Read, Miss Angela Beal, 
architect, AFT Partnership, 
Ms Annie Lear, adminis- 
trator of the centre, Mr 
Lane, Mr Pepe Frauds, vice- 
chairman, and Mr Dave 
Perry, chairman of the 

Medal for 


Britain won one medal and three 
diplomas or merit in the eighth 
annual Europe Nostra awards for 
conservation announced yesterday 
(Our Architecture Correspondent 
writes). There are five medal 
winners _ and 25 diplomas for 
schemes in ] 4 commies. 

The medal was won by Pollard 
Thomas Edwards & Associates, of 
London, for the “superb” rehabili- 
tation 'and convention of New 
Concordia Whar£ a nine teen th- 
century industrial wharfside bond- 
ing in London's Dockland. 

Diplomas of merit were awarded 
to the Fife Folk Museum, Ceres, 
Fife; the Grange Barn, Coggeshall, 
Essex: and Morgan) Orangery. Port 
Talbot, West Glamorgan, a resto- 
ration of an eighteenth-century 
orangery, as an exhibition and 
conference centre. 

Science report 

Gases pushing up ground-level temperatures 

Bv Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

Natural climatic variations are 
masking the underlying in- 
crease in the temperature of 
tbe atmosphere close to the 
ground, according to the latest 
results of studies by the 
National Centre for Atmos- 
pheric Research at Bonlder, 

They show that if the level 
of human activity producing 
the change continues at the 
present level, the increase will 
add at least one degree 
Centigrade and perhaps as 
much as five degrees Centi- 
grade before the year 2050, 

The research, by Dr Robert 
Dickinson and Dr Ralph 
Cicerone, has concentrated on 
tbe effect of the trace gases 
discharged from industry, 
motor vehicles and aircraft 
and aerosol sprays. 

Until recently the chief 
influence on the atmosphere 
was believed to be discharges 
of carbon dioxide from burning 
fossel fuels, which had raised 
the concentration by a quarter 
since the start of. the Indus- 
trial Revolution. 

But in a paper pnblished in 
Ncuwe the two scientists 

describe tbe measurements 
made of methane, ozone, 
nitrous oxide and the chlorof- 
luorocarbon gases used in 
refrigeration mid aerosol pro- 
pellants. These molecules 
contribute in differing degrees 
to tbe greenhouse effect, 
whereby thermal radiation 
from the earth is partially 
trapped in the atmosphere. _ 
The level of carbon dioxide 
in tbe atmosphere bag risen to 
345 parts a million. In their 
paper in Nature, the scientists 
say it is surprising to find 
gases which are present in 

concentrations of only a 
thousandth of that of carbon 
dioxide with a significant 

One difficulty in assessing 
the combined effect or -the 
trace gases is that their impact 
differs with latitude ami level 
of the atmosphere. Using the 
most conservative values for 
warming and cooling of the 
different parts of the atmos- 
phere, the scientist estimate a 
doubling of their effects on the 
atmosphere by 2050. 

Source: Nature, vol 319, no 
60499. pi 09. 


A selection from our 15 sales in London tins week. 

The 19th Century. European Ceramics, Furniture, 
Sculpture and Works of Art: Wednesday 22 January at 
10.30 a.m., King Street: In a new departure, material from 
sculpture, ceramics and furniture is combined in a catalogue to 
present the best of nineteenth century taste, A good group of 
tmitrutlier bronzes, colourful Minton majolica, furniture in die 
Louis XV style represent the traditionally popular part of the field; 
a splendid Gothic cabinet designed by Bruce Talbert, circa 1867 and 
a Merton Abbey tapestry of 1914 depicting George V being armed 
by the Virtues show the deeply serious side of Victorian taste. 

Toys, Games, Trains and Dinky Toys: Thursday 
23 January at 2 p.m., South Kensington: Two very rare pre-war 
‘Dinky’ delivery' vans advertising ‘Meccano’ and ‘Marsh and Baxter 
Sausages^ could fetch as much as £400 each. A very fine and rare 
painted Mercedes two-seater open tourer, made in about 1907 by 
the famous German factory Carctte heads a section of 80 tinplate 

toys. Finished in light green with red lining and seat, with a chauffeur 
at the wheel, it could make up to £5 ,000 - nearly as much as the 
price of a car today, though not of course for the same model! 

British Decorative Arts from 1880 to the Present Day: 
Tuesday 28 January at 11 a.m., King Street: In contrast to die 
previous week's sale at King Street, many items here show the clear 
lines and lack of fuss resulting from William Morris and his 
followers’ break with the ‘Victorian’ style. The Arts and Crafts 
tradition is a strong one represented in this sale by excellent 
examples by Gimson, Barnsley. Head and Russell. Ceramics range 
from de Morgan to Ric and the sale also covers metalwork and 
contemporary glass. 

Viewing: K»«g Street: Weekdays 9 a.m,- 4.45 p.m. 
Enquiries (01) 839 9060 
South Kensington: 

Tuesday to Friday 9 a-m.- 4.45 p.m. 

Mondays 9 a.m- - 7 p.m. Enquiries: (01) 581 7611 

Christie’s have offices throughout the British Isles. For the name of your nearest representative please telephone (01) 588 4424. 

University news 

and A T McwauarofiiMKilcal nuorobtoiog)': 
P Shears: olo-rhmo-Uximgology (anneal): Al 
C Swift; romstoloinr/ 


,0 “ W "*r!WS 



Carol A Makbu anatomy: R 
Olactneal mfitaeralB® and 

Hall: mettnuray and material* Mhnoc DJ 
Eagteahanc veterinary aim; ~ ~~ 

■MHMPJlOTHPaiwKmiy; R Morctnl 

I veterinary conical odencK JttOHh M Hunt} 
and Hatena C Rtdpnw ocanondc 
■ntehven xtudte*: Elizabeth A Evono. Yl 

Kotwotecoo, and p Ormrotf- H 

■ rcaaorotc WrfoTK 


Dr Patricia Crocker has been 
appointed to the new post of 
director of information technology 
at the London School of Economics 
from March 1. She is currently head 
of tbe computer service at the 
Polytechnic of the South Bank. 

The Duchess of Kent, Chancellor. 
will confer honorary degrees on the void* c Burton, 
following in May: LLXh Mr Jimmy 
Savile and Mr Noel Stockdale. 
chairman of Asda. 

Lift D: Dr Jan Firtas, of the 
University of Brno, Czechoslovakia, 

Sir David Lea n , film director, 

Rosamond Lehmann, author. 

D Mbs: Dr David Mathias Lloyd- 
Joncs, artistic director of Opera 

DSc Professor Sir Geoffrey Allen. 

FRS, head of research, Unilever. 

T The degree of doctor ofjeners is 

to be conferred on the Rev Professor amw iir Mr pavw Murray, c natroia n aoo 


Influence iii education 

Herioc-Watt- ' r 

The following are to be awarded 

honorary degrees in July:. 

DSc wa ft Mor Jxgim-Loub ■ Uoa. 
areffocr of mathematical maten or 
■yteems. Cento* de Franco. Parte: Mr 
~E Foot, patrotouin m gtnaa r. 



pratdent. LASMO Energy _ Corporation. 
United Satan: Mr Donald McCollum. 
dl/ocior. FanMI, director nod pMni 
immogor. Scottish Croon. FtorantL 1900- 

Sfott: Str.Htour Late, c 

White, lately Mnlor partnor. Boinio ODOM 

Owen Chadwick, OM, at a 
ceremony m July. 


Mr Trevor Bottomley. Registrar of 
the university, has been appointed 
Chevalier dans TOrdre des Palmes 
Academiqucs by the French 
Government for his services to 
French culture. He has been 
involved in developing links and 
exchanges of staff and students 
between Reading and the Univer- 
sity of Poitiers. 


managing director. 

Murray inter n a ti onal 

Sir Alec Cle gg, who. died 
yesterday at the age of 76,. was 
from ' 1945 to 1974 Chief 
Education Officer of West 
Riding County Council, and in 
that period, one of the country’s 
most influential educationists. 

Alexander Bradshaw Clegg 
was born on June 13/ 1909. He 
went to Long Eaton Grammar 
School where he successfully 
hid his own talents and was 
nearly packed off at IS to be 
indentured to an iron monger. 

. instead he was . moved to 
Bootham the Quaker school at 
York where sporting and 
athletic success kindled his self- 
confidence and an interest in 
other aspects of school work. 
He used to say .that this 
accounted for some of the 
sympathy which he retained as 
an a dminis trator for those who 
are prematurely labelled as 

After Modem Languages at 
Clare College, Cambridge, and 
an education diploma at Lon- 
don, his first teaching job was at 
St Clement Dane’s Grammar 
School, where he taught lan- 

After four years, he applied 
for the job of administrative 
assistant in Birmingham. It was 
here that he learnt the basic 
grammar of local government 
and absorbed the Birmingham 
philosophy that nothing most 
ever be allowed to get to a 
committee or subHsmnmittee 
until there were answers avail- 
able for every conceivable 

In 1939 he moved to 
Cheshire as an assistant edu- 
cation officer and experienced 
ihe quite different tempo of 
county administration, en- ' 
livened by wartime evacuation 
and improvisation. - 

In. 1942 be transferred to - 
Worcestershire as deputy edu- 
cation officer. It was heie, that 
his ideas about adminis tration 
were expanded. Having thought 
that it was all about buildings 
ami finance and school meals 
and grant regulations, he dis- 
covered that it had to . do with 
children and the way they could 
be led to want to learn. 

In 1945 Clegg became- deputy 
education officer for the West, 
Riding of .Yorkshire. His chief 
was the eminent Arthur Binns 
who was confidently expected 
to occupy the county education . 
officer’s chair for . the next 
decade. Within six months of . 
Clegg’s arrival, Binns resolved 
his working difficulties with his 
education committee ~by leaving 
the. West Riding to become 
chief education officer 

l'964 to amend the law govern- 
ing transfer from primary to 
secondaiy education. 

Clegg never concealed a 
certain impatience with the ants 
and bolts of administration. His 
main interest, was in finding 
■gifted teachers and enabling 
them to get on with their work 
unimpeded. He believed firmly 
in the aims and methods of the 
informal primary school, and in 
particular, in the .liberating 
Influences which a good school 
could have in problem places 
like the declining areas of South 
Yorkshire coalfield. 

He was passionately -con- 
vinced of the power of edu- 
cation and pioneered in-service 
training at Woolley HhU, the 
West Riding centre for teacher 
courses and conferences, which 
was very much his own 

So, too, was a scheme by 
which he persuaded Oxford mid 
Cambridge to admit working 
class boys of promise on the 
. recommendation of their head- 
masters, even if they had 
modest- A levels an arrange- 
ment which produced excellent 
academic as weB as social 
results. - ■ 

Clegg was - in and out of - 
schools all the time, and his 
influence among' teachers far 
beyond' his ' own county was 
reinforced by his total convic- 
tion that they, the teachers, 
were the experts in what goes on 
in. schools, not the numerous 
social scientists on the outside 
looking in. 

' He was knighted in 1 965. The 
same, year he served' as presi- 
dent of the Association of Chief 
Education Officers. I^om 1956- 
1967 he was a member of the 
Central Advisory Council on 
Education t for England, and 
played ah influential part in the 
prepartation of the Crowther 
Report (15-18) and the Newsom 
for Report (Half our Future) 

He was Chairman of 


Q egg was appointed at the Governors. Centre for Infbr- 
age of 35 to succeed him as oration and: Advice oa Edu- 
professional head, of, the third rational Disadvantage, from 
largest 1 'Ctfacation - .authority In.;I976 toI979. • • : ‘ : 

Britain. - - His. own publications inlcude 

Clegg was a strong advocate an_ edited selection of creative 
of comprehensive schooling, his writing from West Riding 


Sailor tectum (clinical): CUM hoalttu AM 

wcttfaOy. MT AMOteSaMu taw: J N 

Ud a rw, Anglo- Saxon: Ctere A Lock 

FMndB E J Snottu modern la n g n ao n 
WfeWc M Havep bfodMmiaay: M J 
Fisher; Inorganic, otiyaical ana tnauwnat 
clMRtWry: D L Cooper. J A logo, and 
KathMoi a Jotuaon; Burt mnoiamoncs: P J 
Sodowy: ptames: J B Daloton and w a 
Scon: oanatrwMn (dinlcaO: G N RuweB: 
auto health (cUtocatt; N Martow: ga m a! 

prance tCUBteMK Susanna Graham-Jams 

Mr Trevor Bottomley, of 
Reading; .French honour. 

Church news 

The Rov H R Balfour. Cutotc. Chmt 
Church. BtdfBrd. cnoma of St Ainana. to m 
P rfesi-toOiargc- Chrtrt Church. CanUtef- 
moil aiocMt of Southwark. 

The Rev C Barker, or DonMy gi School. 
Abingdon, to m Vicar, st dnwtol. 

Sgutttooumr. do c — » of Winchester. 

The Rev J M Carroll, parish Print. C Ml 

Church. Pwtay. d toc w of Southwark, to 

Mvttrd. and Rector. Wool Bandy wtto 

Pentoor. same OMcaaa. - 

The Rev g E Turner, vicar, fit OabrteL 

M Quarty. dtocoe of UvarpooL to be 

Or-ar and Utlte AMnoton 
■■■■■a and Ctotwan Pros and 
CoRmmnlcatlana omotr.-dljoceae of By. 


The Rev D C 

CteUlwoML C _ 

dtoceoe of SooOiwaik. to be oteo Prtete 

earn SI Mary. Bud 

The Kav M j CMgtee- 

nw Oavtne. Mer ton, dlo o eoe 
te be vicar. Mune parMu 
The Rev A c won. . ...... 

Barnabas, hnuy. dtocsoe of Southwark, to 

for the Torn Trust Outdoor and Conference 
Cant re. Borcaste. Rtetfbni. Castle Donates, 
to be DiocaOTn _OBktr for Social 
ResooiwHiOtty and Team Vicar In Out St 
BamobM. Motr Trauty Team Mlnlsfiy. 
Canute, diocese of Cwudt. 

7 he Rev nr 

Honkn. diocese of 8 _ 

Rural Dsan of Merten -jama aotose. 

The Rev J S wood. «nate. widow with 

The Rev S J Looaz FSrreiro. Panrii PQesL 
St Augustine. Tooting, dksoese of 
Sonniwark. lo be viesr. same barttei. 

The Rev 1 J Cover. Curate. Ewmaiuiei, fit 
Paul. Cllord. and St Augustine. Ptymouuv 
dlocsee of Exeter, to Be Vicar. St RauL 
Effort to the North Suttoa Team Ministry. 

SouCiwanciDbe Vicar, same sartsti. __ 
The Rev J H Noddlngs. AMotant Curate. St 

S?%‘ - - 

_ The Rev M j waOcer. vkiar fit Mary's, 
terry fit CdmitedS waajst Peter's tmtna 
church, dtecass of St - Edmundsbmy and 
tpawleh- tobesteoan h o n or ary canon of the 

^^TheRcTswiiiunw. curate, st poors. 
Bedford, dtocssr of SJ Ateora. to bo vtesr. 
— Otol- 

Tter Rev J H pwers. view. Chnst 

WHA St Michael and St AMrow. _ 

Oreenwich. diocese of Southwark, n 

ateoPrtst-ta-charge. SI George. wwtcwaM 

Part, smilocm. _ . ■ 

The Rev s hettuu Dtoeosan Schools Oflkdr 
and MMt-ltecftteW. Hltuteatuun wmt 
ChaOHhflm. moose or St Eamitedatm' 
mod fpewicft. Do Be vicar, st John *. Bury St 
Edmunds, same Mome. 


The Rev p J M 

okenampten. diocese of Exeter. rattMl on 

The Rev J W Drew. Prtest UrtMrav. 
Chord, diocese of St C dmu ndaHOT and 
Igawtcb. to Be oho PnesMxKtiarpe of 


12 . 

The Rev e j Hudson. Vicar. Yon. Sc 
Hilda's, dtecese of Vora. W retegn on July 9. 
The Rev s J Smite, vicar. St Luke's 
Seifho/wign. dfoeese of Vork. is rctre on 
Mte«h 9). 

The very. R-v d Eauott. Dnno««owirt 

Other appointments 

Lord Hsnnuer 

ge. Holy 
Drury ‘ 

m ne . 

with fit John 

... , ting P rte»nn- 

Povtt. Covet* Carden, monte 

to t» a lay canon of fit 

Cong, tn addition to being Pri s e* (n- 
Olarge of St ' ‘ 

The Rev R J Fort A amts iU COrste .StJgBn. 
StdCdP- moons of Rochester, to be. Vicar. 
Darenth- same disease. . 

The Rev E P j roster. SnxtanT ante. 
S saints. Margie, diocese of Chester -to to 

R A 

jamn’s. cartbodg* 
dtoettocas. Cnrtft at 

■OoceM of LMcosicr. 

Mn A Stodwr n be 
to me airtMearam or 

(tercets of ay. to to. 
Kinft. Bmmmoiu lAn. 

and Tonbridge, tttoeeto of R cch a s t e r . 

■ cwuin cmtomtototote 


Macdonald. Church Anafrja 

Prtcat-bvcttargs. Et Morthew. camfiruge. 

The Rev Rll CtOto, Parish Prism, fit Mm*. 
Wooocote. puriey. mocae afSouthwafk, » 
he Vicar, ntme sortsK saraedlocsse. 

The Rev M R Coooiad. Pamh Mem. St 
PWIOl Cneort. dtocese of Souttwarb- to bo 

*WV?W Pars.™*,® 

Svrithun. Puriey. mocsse of fiouthwaric. to 


Tto R« o a HoUonus. nm-am* amDiam at 

. - An 

and corununtaatema 
MM d kMbrai teh Psa n ery. 


ofticrr far mo 
dMecioof YariL 
Copt M MCUunhlliL CtotbBL Church 
Army. soumaate-Poirtth Tasn MtoWry. 
dtons* of CuSdnrd. to to Omu. Chnreb 
Amur, Mimon. dioCtoe of Camsrttay . 

Church in Wales 

Archdeacon Ctwyn Robsrtl. rector of 
Cncctete. to m ran nzae Ar cisUor oa of 


neof London, te to 

Fuimuim CTwtein la tto WOW S UfWte to 

TheKort HoeoUals. diocese « St 

Edmundihury and tor-nch. 

The Rev D Howard Hutoss. Te ton Vlcp r Ui 

tee suveiey Team MfniotlV. mocew of 

Dtrtiy- te BS Toorn VKor.JSi «so»gc^. 

The Rev k, ml mew. vtesr or fit OaVMV. 


to to Vfcae 

Prssian. and Chalatn so O 
Prsiton, dioeue efteSuwm 

err Rmn. Du _ 

of Beddftden. PWWM _ 

The Rev R. L KDOour to M Curate In the 
Reel oral fienelka of wrcmiam. Dtocaor of 

The Rev L. HopMm. Vicar of 
yjuna rtw yc i L to be Vicar of UangyMach. 

Tto Rev J. l. workman. MBter Capoa o e 

The Rev Br J N totoffhvAtonam 
S* MKtiaei and A» Angets. fir etoholL and 

■■ "" " Of 


_ ttitsrssnsi?- 

M ntarr Croup, w to Fries* 

CwmbwriiL, Sw oi w s sl _ ■ 

The H-v |. Richards. Rector of . ... 

*Hh Nfchetaetgn bttd Oxwieh. Rural 

of West power and d enor e iy cum It to 

tff Honorary 

of Norwich *».to Vtear. Naihgnnigii With Canon of Brecon Catesam. 

own preferred method being 
that known . as "the .Thorne 
scheme" (after tbe division of 
the West Riding .when it wasi 
tried out) which, included a, . 
range of middle schools' for the" 
9-1 3 age-group. It was specifi- 
cally with this scheme iu mind 
[that legislation was passed id 

Schools — The Excitement- of 
Writing (1963) Children in 
Distress , (with Barara Megson) 
(968;. the Changing primary 
5fc6o0f.<1972); and About Our 
Schoots(l9 81. 

He ^married, in 1940, Jessie 
Coveidale Phillips by whom tie 
had three sons. 


Admiral Sir Laurence Dur- 
Hadicr, KCB, OBE, DSC who 
died on January 16 at the age of 
81, served for 44 years in the 
Royal Navy and was a specialist 
in signals and wireless. He was 
decorated for war service in the 
Mediterranean and Indian 
Ocean and afterwards became. 
Deputy Chief of Naval Staff and 
5th Sea Lord. 

Laurence George Durlacber 
was born on July 24, 1904. He 
entered Osborne as a cadet in 
1918. as passed out from 
Dartmouth in 1921. 

He specialized in signals, and 
was afterwards flag beutenant 
and signals and wireless- officer 
in the 3rd Cruiser Squadron in 
the Mediterranean in 1932-34; 
executive officer in the de- 
stroyer Valorous in the Home 
Fleet in 1934-36; and signals 
officer in HMS Hood and 
Barham in the Mediterranean 
fleet from 1937 to 1939; 

In 1939, be joined the Signal 
Department at the Admiralty 
and from 1940 to 1942 he was' 
commander of HM Signal 


He was then appointed to the 
staff of Admiral Cunningham as 
fleet signals officer, and for 
distin gu i shed service in North 
Africa and in Sicily was 
mentioned in despatches and 
made OBE. 

In 1944, he took command of 
the destroyer Volage, Eastern 
Fleet, in which he gained the 
DSC for action against enemy 
shore batteries in the Andaman 
Islands arid other operations in 
the Indian Ocean. 

The American Government 
also appointed him to the US 
Legion ofMeriL 

He was Deputy Director of 
the Admiralty Signal Division 
until 1948. From 1950 to 1952 
he was Captain-Superintendent 
of the Admiralty signal and 
radar establishment at Hasle- 
mere; and from 1952 to 1954 
Commodore and Chief of Staff 
to the Crimmander-inrChief .in 
the Far East- 

In 1955, he was made Deputy 
Chief of Naval Personnel Per- 
sonal Services) until April, 1957, 
when he was appointed, to 
command the 5th' Cruiser 
Squadron and as .Second-in- 
command, Far East Station. 

He was deputy Chief of Naval 
Staff and 5th Sea Lbiti from 1959 
tol962. : 

He made CB in 1957, and 
advanced KCB in 1 961- . 

In 1934 he was married at 
the Russian Church, 'Bucking- 
ham Palace Road, to Rimma,.' 
elder daughter of R. Vi .Sass- 
Tissoysky, of Colomars, Alpes - 
Maritime*. France, by whom be 
had one son and one daughter. 


Mr Hugh Lyon, MC, Head- . He edited two school text 
SetooLfrom books - The Shorter Herodotus 
1931 to 1948, died on January which appeared in 1923 arid 
18 at the age of 92. . The Merchant of Vance which 

Percy Hugh Beverley Lyon came out in 1934. . ’Other 
Rugby from original books he wrote ‘were, 
the tdmburgh Academy . Before The Turn- of Fortune, which was 
thaL he had been an assistant published in 1923 and "T he 
master at Cheltenham. Discovery of Poetry in 1930. : ' 

_ He went up to Oxford from His book on poeuy was .the 
Rugby in 1912, and had just outcome of a P °nSiber of" 
. Class “ broadcast talks to schools. . 
Classical Moderations when 
war broke out i n 1 9 1 4. 

w. - Lady Beauchamp, widow : of 

He at once enluted in The Sir Peter Beauchamp,, second- 
Lmiham Light Infonuy in and last baronet, died 'dn 
wrndt he received a com- January 8. She was Mat*. 

rifibt Elizabeth, daughter of G: H. 
throuid) the war until he was Haslewood and widow of 
taken pnsonor m May 1918. He Tilbury, and she married:.®:. . 
***4*^/5? MC in 1917. Peter Beauchamp in 1972 as his 

On his discharge he resumed third wife. Hedied in J9S3. / r - 
his studies at Oxford, and in 

1919 won the Newdigatc Prize; 
ne had already brought out a 
book of verse m 1917 entitled 
Sb«s of Youth and War. 

. { n . I$2l ^ c took a first Class 
m Lnerae Humaniores and then 
jomed the staff, at Cheltenham 
wwre he remained until 1926 
wten he wm appointed head of 
Edinburgh Academy.. 

Mr Stanley field, 
died on January Tat Ihe Hgpd* 
72, was president and a former, 
chairman of William^ Bafrd- ' 1 
PLC. a former chairinat-i^.* : 
Venesia, Ltd, and from’j953 to 
1958 managing director oLtl». • . 
frestige Group, LkL ; 

Justice of the Peace fbr tfie OfiP’ ’. 
of London. . ; 





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EXTOUuveEditorKohneth Fleet 



- >-• *. t •.-•*•• . -■ :-■ 

Tjicifraennjoc to the Monopolies and 
M^ips^Ciwhmisaon of GECs bid for 
*** *wfid .inevitability. (It was 
fftttga tqy foreshadowed in this column 
cSfraintiry 14i) The mdstxharitable thing 
that^can be said about Leon Brittan’s 

the careful and politically aware reasoning ; . 
of tbe Of&ce of Fair Trading, is that the" 
issues involved are of vital national' 
importance. The- :future of two key 
industries, ldfecommunicatioris andelec- 
iroiucs, is at stake. ■ . . 

.-v'As Sir John dark; -chairman- of Plessey . 
said yesterday: -^We. .have always made ■ 
clear that the proposed acquisition nosed 
issues of great national importqnce. ir ■■ 

" The : City agrees with this assessment 
hut; by the- same token, it cspects. .the 

MMCs final report not to stand in the 
way Of restructuring- of concentration of 
'the industry/ which is unlikely to be led by 
any company other than GEC. 

" For its part, GEC is suffering in silence. 
"According to James Prior," the chairman, 
the : company is thinking about the 
.position is which it now finds itself 
Privately* Mr Prior and Lord Weinstock 
. must be reflecting on the damaging ialtout 
from the Westland affair. 

As a. member of the European conso- 
; rum* -GEC . has not earned- any brownie 
pointsirom either Mrs Thatcher or Mr 
Brittan.^ Whether decision to refer GEG- 
Plessey reflects a considered response to a' 
major industrial initiative or is the act of 
an irresolute Government seized by a fit 
Of pique is a Intimate subject for debate. 

“Looks like* the end -for iis, Tonto,” - 
" drawled., the Ebnp_ Ranger tb^ideadly 
duo observed thousands of braves lining v 
'.the .hills around ttiem_"“Whal’s: this Nve ! 1 
. business. Paleface?” replied Tonto,, -as he 
prepared to stab his associate in-the back. ... 

So it.was in the markets ywterday. The j 
bears got the. upper hand, prices fell, yields ., . 
.zoomed. Government policy, "carefully " 
restitched during -the . autumn, -/now 
appears" to be unravelling fast ; Traders 
who have been quick to praise the 
Chancellors daring are now swift' ’in 
voicing criticisnir ?■ ■. 

I lpar'bvnl 
40 t - 

light oil spot prico 

: Si«URX»)ncWTkM»- 

- 1 W» - so «t. , !•»: : «♦ 

The shent end of the gQt market fell 
about a point, while long-dated Govern- 
ment stock was down n«triy two points! 
Three month: interbank "rate climbed to 
about 13% per centj while ^ sterling dropped 
steadily through the day. It opened- ht 77.9 
oh the trade-weighted index,- and at 
S 1.4390. and D-marks 3.S421 against the 
dollar and West Gorman mark respect- 
ively.-. " ••• ■:■■■ 

By the close, it was 76.9 on the index, 

- and $1.4140 and D-mark 3.4954 against 
our two leading trading partners*. Yields, 
rates and sterling- are all seeking a. hew. 
equilibrium level . ; 

The weakness of oil: prices has a great 
deal t&do.witfrthesudenfrissonsofpamov- 
which have swdpt'the t^arket: LasL’ni^it'' 
in New Yoric,- the price of April Brent 
dropped below $20. The proftsssionals see 
no. likelihood . of pricc^ firining up while 
the Saudis, reportedly, step up. production • 
levels ' . 

. The foreign exchangeniarkrts were abo 
responding to the Group of lave finance • 
ministers* decision to lay off the dollar for ; 
a while, , by picking on tbe curreiicy mbst 
vulnerable to this decision, namiely 
sterling. The five finance ministers agreed 
to reactivate intervention only if the dollar 
showed - sighs of rebounding ^against all 
major currencies, not if only one of these 
showed weakness. ; - \.\[ m - \ 

. Nigel Lawron cannot," therefore^ count 
on his co-members of the group lo prop up 
the pound. This leaves him with interest 
rates as his only support for ssteriing.-If 
other G5 members were todower their • 
rates, as the Japanese in paiticular. are 
anxious to do, this’, would increase ^tite" 
attraction of British interest oates without 1" 
a further rise in base rates. : 

. The notion that the G5 meeting might 
lead to all-round reductions in rates was a ' 
foolish dream that evaporated on contact 
with- the-' firm reality of -American ■ 
monetary policy. Unhappily for the 
Chancellor the 5 reluctance of Japan* 
Germany and France to go on forcing the - 
dollar down at the cost of high domestic - 

‘ interest rates' seems -likely tb result in still 
/.higher -interest rates; ■_ in " the United' 
-.'Kingdom. "• ; " " ' 

". - Traders for their part becoming acutely 
. aware that something like a Law of 

- Unfidfillable, Expectations may, how grip 
" UK policy-makers. The more sterling falls, 

.. the' more the Government's inflation 

targets are jeopardised, and the higher UK 
"fates may have to. go. This perception 
ligads iii turn to more selling of staling. * 

-• The Bank of England is well aware that 
.. breaking this double helix spiral of . panic 
ahd self-doubt will beno easy matter. Last 
week, tlje authorities stood m the market 
'/■, /aud.prodalmed that, base rates ofU2^-per 
cent were quite adequate. Last night, they 
/faced the option of letting ^speculative 
, storm blow itsrif out, and keeping base 
. rates where they arc. orhoisting base rates 
to an overidH level of 14 per cent or more. 

. : j The aulhorhies dbhot have a great .deal 
of time-at their disposal The greater the 
• 'differential between bate rates and money 
'market levels, the more opportunity foe 
speculators have for round tripping, which 
in turn mil help savage foe monetary 
aggegates for weeks to come. ; 

■ A- detail . in "the day’s composition of 
money market flows provide a glimpse of 
how "keen foe arket is to indulge in 
profitable arbitrage. Offeres £1 billion in 
three-month money as -12% per cent last 
. week by the -Bank of England, the dearing 
. h ank s gleeful ly ^j ncked lip 

; Unless rates! subside quickly; the dearers 
V cannhot avoid making a huge turn on the 
fa cility- The next £500 million tranche can 
be drawn down tomorrow, by which time 
three-month interbank rate might well be 
-« ■ doserto 14 percent. 

- The aufoorities seemed .prepared to wait 
, and see how markets - pan out today. 
Meanwhile traders noted that foe long gilt 
-future ieli-.two points to ,107 yesterday, 
■with heavy contracts. The .sellers mean 

- business. 

Brokers to 

. By Our City Staff 

A new network -.of, regional 
"stockbrokers wfl} be announced 
today. A group of independent 
firms is setting up. a holding 
company, with the major -Lon- 
don ■ stockbroker, James Capd. 
and Co, and Postel each taking 
a substantial shareholding. 

The group is believed /to-, 
include the -Glasgow stock- 
broker, Parsons & Co,.aud firms , 
from Bristol, tbe Midlands and 
the North-east, ft is thought that 
none of them has acquired big 
institutional shareholders in. the 
ruh-up to. big bang but they 
believe ibkK by joining forces, 

they will stteld.a ; betier.cliapoe 
of competing in the" aftennath 
of foe stock market revolution. 

. James Capel is to" "take a. 20 
per cent holding in thevjnew 
company, and Postel is believed 
to have a similar stake. Between 
them they will be able to boEstcr 7 
foe services-ihat j^ional stock- 
brokers cad offer chents. 

The bulk, of the business of 
foe regional -firms involved is 
believed. ; to ; be in’ providing 
investment advice "to! private 
clients. j:-;: 

Biffex addition 

■ A new taaiker fought futures 
contract wiB b^in_trading oh 
foe Baltic international Freight 
Futures"; Exchange (Biffex) - in 
London- ‘oil. Rforuajy ’l®. The 
coihract' will be'tefoed>ln‘.<ate 
against foe Altiif Tanker 
The first tettlemept monfo wuL 
be Match! • ■ 

Sinclair denies reports 
of finance problem 

By LawrthceJLever 

Mr Bill jeffrey, managing, 
director "Of Sinclair Research, 
Sir Give Sinclair’s . troubled 
home" computer company, yes- 
terday denied -reports foal -the 
'company was. having difficulty 
in" raising new- finance and was. 
under pressure from creditors. 

Mr Jeffrey .said that; the 
company. ■; had not started - 
car assing for "the new money 
which Sinmir Research needed 
to finance^ its. product devdop- 
tnem. It had only just finished 

Distillers agrees to £2,2bn 
merger with Guinness 

preparing its business plan for 
this year. . • • •• 

" According to Mr Jeffrey, this 
showed that Sindair Research 
would be profitable in 1986 
ev<m . without additional 
finance. The plan "would shortly 
be shown- to City institutions, 
including existing shareholders. 

. Mr : Jeffrey- clamed that 
Sinclair Research had captured 
about 40 per cent of foe home 
compuuter market . 


By Jeremy Warner 
“ Business Correspondent 

. Guinness yesterday topped 
Argyll Group's hostile takeover 
bid for Distillers with a shares 
and cash offer worth a record- 
breaking £2J2 billion. 

Guinness's intervention 
raised the imm ediate possibility 
of a Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission reference because 
foe Dublin-based brewing group 
already .owns the Arthur Bell 
whisky business. 

Mr Ernest Saunders, Guin- 
ness chief executive, said he did 
not believe the Government 
would refer the merger which, 
he said would create a powerful 
new force in foe international 
drinks market and would be 
good for the Scottish whisky 
industry and British exports. 

Guinness said it had sought 
confidential guidance from foe 
Office of Fair Trading which 
had indicated there would be no 
reference -despite ;foe feet that 
foe combined group would have 
nearly 40 per cent of foe Scotch 
market -in Britain and more 
than half the industry's distil- 
ling capacity., 

Both Guinness and Distillers 
said they believed these issues 
were of relatively little import- 
ance when set pgainst the 
'benefits to exports of the merger 

at highest 
since, 1979 

; By David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

Industrial production rose 'by 
1.2 per cent in November, to hs 
highest level since June 1979. 
Manufacturing ; output was tip- 
by 0.7 per cent to' its best level: 
since February 1980. 

Separate figures for unit wage 
and -salary costs in manofactur- 
ing showed that in November 
these were 3.7 per cent higher 
than a year earlier. In tbe 
September November period, 
they were 4.5 per cent up on the 
corresponding period of 1984. 

The industrial production 
■figures, up by 1.9 per cent in the 
latest three months, and 6.5 per 
cent on a year earlier, reflect foe 
pick-up' in North Sea ofl and gas 
output from its' summer lows. 
The year-on-year comparisons 
are still affected by foe coal 
strike. ... 

More importantly, for manu- 
facturing, foe - Government's 
statisticians have introduced a 
new method of correction for 
foe under-recording bias typical 
of output data. 

The manufacturing figures 
are adjusted upwards in line 
with the diffemce between 
actual output figures received 
from finns, and Confederation 
of British Industry data for 
industry’s output expectations. 

This adjustment can be 
substantial The November 
index of manufacturing output 
of 105.4 (1980*100) includes an 
upward correction of 1.1 per 
centage points. These correc- 
tions extend back, in tapering 
amounts, over six months. 

The manufacturing output 
increase of 0.7 per cent in 
November would have been 
just 02 par cent without any 
bias corrections. 

But officials believe the 0.8 
par cent rise in manufacturing 
output in the latest : three 
months and. foe 3 per' cent 
increase on 'a year ago are a 
reasonable pide to overall 
output trends. 

Output in foe engineering, 
food, drink and tobacco, and 
textiles and clothing industries 
rose by about 1 per cent in the 
latest force months. Chemicals 
output feN I percent, metals by 
2 per cent. 

Until the latest figures, 
industrial production, after 
allowing for .foe coal strike, had 
been- on a downward trend since 
the start of 1985. 

< Quarterly figures also pub- 
lished yesterday showed that 
industrial and" commercial 
companies had a third quarter 
financial surplus of £2.2 billion. 


• ALUEp DUNBAR: This sub- 
sidiary BfB AT Industries reports 
growth in both annual pr emium ami 
lump. sum. business for 1985, 
Measured by new initial com- 
missions, the underlying growth was 
17 per chnt.'New annual premiums, 
at £103 million, were 14 per cent 
higher than in 1984, j 


FT lndbrd A:...;.. J.,1106.1 MM( 
FT Afl Share 40MBy-£4g'' 
FT Govt Securities A.B029 (-OB® 
FT*SE 3 00^^-1378^1-17-2 

umu Yoric .«. •.*#.„ 

Dow Jones 

Ntkfcei Davi -i«l 129SU# (-54.73) . 
'j£ng SrJ 

- Frankfort; ' ; - 

Commortbarik _A~*2T39.St" ; "l 0*4} ; 
Brussels:. - , QOT , 


Paris: 273.6 (-2.9) 

; •: !• \ ' GjPTLP; - . ; v : > '^T 

ldo«^5t 55-352.00 (£247.76-- 
248^ r -•» -• “ 

New Yoric V 4 r “ . 




Monument OH +2p 

Micro Bus.Sys. ^..«.i.,M.i81p+12p 
HbmeCoiintfes Nwsp. ^tlip+ISp 
CharmelTunnel +17p 

Electronic Mach. 53p +6p 

Intends VWea l-5-50p +0J50p 

■ Radio City *A* NY +2p 

WoW — A«p+7p 

Yorks Chemical w«-...«-,~73p +6p 
HiimbereWe Btn. « — — T-13p+1p 
WWtworth's Food. ~-...-~.,95p +7p 
GuffOH .mm..— :^-^~~~ 30p+2p 
Securicor/'A” „.^u-T64p +1to 

Security Swv. f .~.^.u_lS4p+l0p 
Micro Foots -240p +lte 

. Qecurtopr tljp 

Sangers Phcto- »p +5p 

Mtcrovtec SR 1 *^ 

M-Y.Dart .j.J4fi0p+2p 

Debron Invests.- ■»* 

WadWn ^’^..142p+3p 

FAttS: . 

Unigroup «... — __.™77p -^3. 

Stewart Naim ««1Jp -Ip 1 

Siomeohantoa -^4p-2p i 

Boostefld -.-37p-3p 

Prestwich Hdg& -to 

Precious Metab I18p -9p 

Raised spirits: a line-up of Distillers products 

Argyll said il would not give 
up the fight despite scepnsm 
among stock broking analysts 
that it could top Guinness's 
609p a share offer. Argyll’s offer 
for Distillers is. worth around 
550p share. 

Mr James Gulliver,' Argyll's 
chairman, -said it was “non- 
sense” that foe OFT had told 
Guiness that the bid would not 
be referred. 

Argyll released foe commits 
of a telex from Mr Denis Ford, 
assistant mergers secret a ry at 

foe Office Of Fair Tr adin g, 
saying “there is no, repeat no, 
question of any bidder having 
been told at this time that an y 
bid other than taht by Argyll for 
Distillers would not be referred 
to foe Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission for fuller investi- 
gation **. 

Guinness is oiffering eight of 
its shares and 700p in cash for 
every five Distillers shares. New 
banking facilities are being 
made available by National 
Westminster and Barclays on 

Hanson may raise 
bid for Imperial 

By Alison Eadle 

Hanson Trust shareholders 
.yesterday approved foe com- 
pany's £1.8 billion bid -for 
Imperial Group with only 1.5 
mflfion shares - Q. 1 per cent of 
.foe cpmpany's -equity — -being 
oast against foe bid. • • 

- , There had' been speculation 
that 'some institutional share- 
holders, speaking for at least 2 
per Cent 'of' Harfson, .. were 
unhappy with the bid. - 

At foe . extraordinary .meeting 
Lord Hanson, foe chairma n , 
said that after remarks on 
television by Mr Geoffrey Kent, 
chairman of Imperial, be was 
writing to Mr Kent to suggest an 
immediate 'meeting, which he 
hoped would result in the 
Imperial board recommending 
Hanson's offer. 

In the Channel 4 Business 
Programme on Sunday. Mr 
Kent talked about his board's 
obligations to shareholders in 
deciding on whether or not to 
accept a bid. 

Lord Hanson's" remarks 
have given rise to speculation 
that he is considering raising his 
offer in an effort to win the 
backing of foe Imperial board. 

The bid was worth 23 3 p a 
share at yesterday's closing 
price, compared with a market 
price of 249p down 6p. Mr Kent 
considers foe bid price “deris- 
ory.” and is unlikely to agree to 
a meeting with Lord Hanson. 

The Imperial camp thinks it 
unlikely that Hanson will raise 
its bid before the Office of Fair 
Trading pronounces on whether 
or not foe bid should be referred 
to the Monopolies Commission. 

The OFT, which is expected 
to announce its decision on 
Imperial’s bid for United 
Biscuits at the same time, is 
thought to have put off making 
a decision until the first week of 
February.' Hie first closing date 
for Hanson's -offer is this 

Hanson shares eased 5p to 

Europeans seek meeting 
with Westland hoard 

By Patience Wheatcroft 

Tbe European consortium 
wrote to Sir John Cockney, 
chairman of Westland, yester- 
day afternoon to request a 
meeting to discuss the plans for 
foe future of the helicopter 

' Sir John said that he will 
only agree to such a meeting 
once he has had “clarification 
on. one or two points”. He was 
still hopeful that foe consortium 
would withdraw its proposals 
for taking a stake in Westland 
and allow the company to 
pursue its planned links with 
Sikorsky and Fiat. 

Yestenlay, a special com- 
mittee of the Westland board 
met to try to finalize the new 
proposals it hopes will get 
sufficient shareholder approval 

to allow a deal with Sikorsky to 
go through. * 

Although these will need only 
a 50 per cent vote of share- 
holders - instead ofthe 75 per 
cent whkh the board failed to 
get at the Albert Hall muting 
on Friday - Sir John is believed 
to still hope that he can find a 
solution which would gain , 
almost unanimous support. 

The apparent crumbling of! 
foe European consortium means ! 
that opposition to Sir John's | 
proposals is no longer being co- 

Although foe two British 
partners, British Aerospace and 
GEC are pledged to remain in 
the consortium, neither will take 
an aggressive role after tbe 
political battle over the issue. 

favourable terms to meet foe i 
£508 million cash element in . 
foe offer. 

Morgan Grenfell, Guinness's 
merchant bank, successfully 
completed the City's largest 
ever underwriting operation of 
580.9 million new Guinness 
shares with the help of the 
slockbroking finns Cazenove 
and Wood Mackenzie to pro- 
vide a foil cash alternative 
worth 584.8p per share. 

Mr Ernest Saunders will ; 
become chief executive and ! 
vice-chairman of foe combined < 
group which will have its | 
headquarters in Edinburgh. Sir I 
Thomas Risk, Governor of foe ! 
Bank of Scotland, has agreed to ; 
become non-executive chair- < 

Mr John Connell, foe chair- - 
mannof Distillers will become a 
vice-chairman of foe combined 

On foe Stock Exchange, 1 
dealers hedged their bets on the 
outcome of the reference de- 
cision and Distillers shares 
ended foe day 3p Ipwer at 363p. 
Argyll shares registered disap- 
pointment that foe company’s 
ambitious expansion plans had 
been upset and dropped 16p to 
355p. Guinness closed lOp 
1 power at 293p. 

Tempos, page 21 

TSB profit 
held to 10% 

By Richard Thomson 

Banking Correspondent 

Trustee Savings Bank 
Group's operating profits for 
the year to November 20 
improved a modest 10 per cent, 
restrained by increasing costs 
and higher interest rates. Sir 
John Read, the chairman, 
announced yesterday. 

He added that foe delay in 
foe group's floatation plans 
meant that the TSB would 
probably have to issue subordi- 
nated loan stock this year to 
help finance expansion plans. 

The floatation was unlikely 
before the autumn at the 
earliest, he said. Bank officials 
siad the TSB had raised £50 
million in subordinated loans 
last year and might raise up to 
£100 million this year. 

Pretax profits last year were 
£196.3 million, up from £143.8 
million. Profits from banking 
activities, up £6 million to 
£122.4 million, was hampered 
by higher interest rates which 
reduced the return on foe 
group’s large portfolio of fixed 
interest loans. Higher interest | 
rates also cut foe value of foe 
TSB’s substantial holdings of! 
gilt-edged stocks. 

Sir John said foe results 
showed foe rapid change in foe 
group’s asset structure, with 
advances now accounting for 40 J 
per cent of assets, compared I 
with 16 per cent in 1981. Last 
year advances rose 36 per cent 
to £4.6 billion, including £1.5 
billion in home loans. 

Interest expense, however, 
rose by 33 per cent to £692.3 - 
million while-, tbe group’s, costs 
wereup i 14.5per"cent. ,’ 

The increase in costs* inr 
eluded a sharp rise in develop- 
ment expenses related to the 
group's expansion. Sir John said 
foe higher costs were necessary 
and would show through in 
higher profits within ;foiir .qr 
five years. ■ , , , 

Provision; i for bad debts 
increased by more than £5 
million to £49 million. 

Chase Manhattan Limited 
is pleased to have assisted 
in the assessment by 


The London Metal Exchange 
yesterday postponed until Fri- 
day a decision on when to 
resume tin trading. 

Banks and brokers were 
encouraged by- signs over foe 
j weekend foal France and the 
Netherlands which have 
I blocked International Tin 
Council negotiations, might 
accept foe principle of the ITCs 
financial responsibility for foe 

Bankers and brokers were 
locked in meetings all day 
yesterday, assessing whether foe 
ITCs. response to their £320 
million rescue plan merits 
negotiation. The plan envisages 
foe ITCs 22 members putting 
up £200 million. The ITC has 
suggested £140 million. 

Reed buys US 
paint company 

Rccd ' International has 
bought Caldwell Paint of 
Missouri. US. for $7.3 miltion 
(£5. 1 million) in cash. Cal- 
dwell's produces a specialist 
primer, for use with paints and 
wallcovering, which is distrib- 
uted nationally across the US. 
This is a further stage in the 
expansion of Reed's paint and 
DIY interests in North 

West German car production 
rose to a record 4.17 million 
units in 1985, jnmping by 10 per 
cent from 1984, official figures 

Gold slips 

Gold came under modcsl 
selling pressure from the Far 
East yesterday as investors 
switched into dollars after the 
Group of Five meeting failed to 
agree to cut interest rates. Bqt 
the price held up in moderate 
trading in London to close at 
$351.63 an ounce, less than £2 
lower than on Friday. Tbse 
metal traded in the range $348- 

Commodities Review, page 21 

Bowater deal 

Bowater Industries has ac- 
quired StarTex, a plastic film 
manufacturer of Minnesota, 
US, for $18 million. 

Tempos, page 21 

Mr Christopher Hordern, a 
trustee of the Baron 
Davenport's Charity Trust, has 
withdrawn from foe trust's 
deliberations over whether to 
accept foe £30 million bid from 
foe Wolverhampton & Dudley . 
Breweries for Davenport's, foe 
Birmingham brewer. Mr 
Hordern is a partner in Price 
Waterhouse, auditors to 
Wolverhampton & Dudley. 

Move to RBS 

Mr Norman Riddell is 
resigning as chief investment 
director of Britannia Arrow, the 
financial services group, to lake 
charge of the investment funds 
of Royal Bank of Scotland 
Group. -Thfl funds of RBS, 
Charterhouse and Tilney & Co. 
the Liverpool stockbroker being 
‘purchased by foe group, are 
being pooled and will be worth 
£2.25 billion. 

• UUi.ut 

j 1 1 iv.a f 

A r.rxxm&ix, -sz ■ 
q it 

The Department of Transport 

■-■ : 
•« ik.jbzah.-ihk.. \ 



£: $14158 (-0.0227) 

£: DM 3.49941-0.0413) 

£ SwFr 2.96WML0373) 
£ FFr .10.7236(70.1423) 

£: Yon 28&48(— 4.50) 

£ Index: 76.9(-1.0) 

Now York: (Latest): 

£ $14153 
S: DM2.4660 
S Index: 126.4+0.3} 

ECU £0.818965 
SDR £0.761642- ’ 



Bank Baw 1214% . 

3-month Interbank 13 7 /*-13%% 
3-month eligiwe bffls: - 
frujrtnfl.rata 13%— 12% 

U& (Friday's dose): 

Prime Rate 3JjO% . 

Federal Funds 7%% ' 

3-month Treasury Bills 7.13-7.1 1% 
30-year bond price 104^6-104% 

of proposals to construct and operate a 

Channel Fixed Link 

and to have rendered its opinion on the financing 
proposals submitted by promoters. 

20th January 1986 








' Alfred Signal 
Awed Slows 
. Atcoa 
A max Inc 

Amerada Hna 
Am Brands 
Am Broadcast 
Am Qvanamw 
Am Efec Power 
Am Express 
Am Home 
Am Motors 
■ Anr Standard 
Ashland Oi 
A Untie Richfield 
Avon Products 
Bank, of 8oston 
Bank ot NY 
Beatrice Foods 
Bethlehem steel 

Bo«e Cascade 
Borg Warner 
Bnstof Myers 

Burlington ind 

Burlington Nthn 



Canadian Pacific 



Central SW 


Chase Man hat 

Chem Bank NY 




Dark Equip 

Coca Cola 



Columbia Gas 
OmOusttryi Eng 
ComwVi Eatson 
Cons Edison 
Cans Nat Gas 
Cons Power 
Control Data 
ComuiB Glass 
CPC mo 

Crown Zahar 
Dan a Kraft 
Delta Air 
Derail Edison 
□•goal Equip 

Dow Chemical 
Dresser Ind 
Duke Power 
Eastern Air 
Eastman Kodak 
Eaton Corp 
Emerson Beet 
Emery Air Frgi 

9 Ex drv a Asked. 

■fan Jah Jan 

17 16 17 

«'* 14>) Exxon Corp 5ft 

3ft 40% Fed Dept Stores 69'. 

*5'» Aft Firestone S3 

SS’r 6ft Fst CtHcaga 28 1 * 

3’. 3 r i FatbwatBncp 54 s . 

3ft 40 FstPennCorp ft 

U 7 , 15V Ford 6ft 

26 27 GAFCorp 56V 

SB 1 ; Eft GTE Corp 47V 

121 V 121V Gen Corp 71V 

63V 63V GwDynairies 65V 

5ft 5ft Gen Electric 6ft 

23V 23V Gan mst is 

5ft 52 s ! Gen Mils 57V 

63V 64', Gen Motors 71V 

2V 3 Gen Pud UtB NY 19V 

37V 37’j Genesco ft 

22V 2J| Georgia Pacific "ft 

6ft ft GlieCa 7ft 

ft ft Goodrich 3ft 

2ft 21 Goodyear 30 9 ! 

41V 40», Gould inc 29V 

59V 60V Grace 54V 

27V 2-7 GlAtftt A Pacific 2ft 

74', 74V Greyhound JJV 

ift 1*V Grumman Corp 29V 

62V Eft Gulf 4 West 5lV 

52V 53 s , Heinz H.J. 30', 

16 1 , 1ft HercUes 39 

43 43V Hewknt-Pkrd 3ft 

16V ift Honeywell 7ft 

47V 48 1C I nos 3ft 

4ft 45V Ingersoll 55 

4ft 4ft Inund Steel 2ft 

24 24V IBM 151V 

62‘j 62 'j int Harvester SV 

31V 31 <NCO 14', 

30', 30 s * tm Paper 51 V 

72V 71 Int Tel Tel 38V 

61H 62V Irving Bank 44 V 

48 46 V JwiWaJiw 4ft 

12V ift Johnson £ John 50V 

43V 42V Kaiser Alumm IT 1 * 

lift 145' Kerr McGee 31 

zr. 27 Kimberly Clark 6ft 

25V 24V KMart 35V 

77V 77V Kroger 4ft 

46*, 46V LTV. Corp ft 

3ft 3ft Litton 7ft 

42V 4ft Lockheed 45V 

5i', 51 V Lucky Stores 25 

2ft 26V Manuf Hanover 47V 

80V 80 MenviVe Cp ft 

3ft 31V Mapco 37 1 , 

114V 114V Marine Midland 4ft 

39V 4ft Martin Marietta 33V 

Jen Jan Jan 

16 17 16 

52V Pfizer 50 4ft~ 

Bft Pheipe Dodge 26V HF. 

22V PTifflp Morris ®V 8ft 

2ft Phflpa Ptrtraf 1ft 11', 

55V Potarotd 47 1 , 40** 

8 PPG Ind Aft 47V 

53' i Proctor Gamble 67V STj 

56>. PubSorB&GU 3ft 31V 

4 ft Raytheon 53V 54 

81V PGA Corp Eft 62V 

64V Reynolds tod 31V 31 V 

70 Rsynokts Metal 40V 40 V 

IB 1 . Rockwell Int 34', 35’? 

57V Royal Dutch 6ft 63V 

89*. Sefeweys 35V 3SV 

19V Sara Lee 4ft 48 

3V SFESopac 35 s . 35*., 

25V SCM 73V 73 s , 

71 V ScWumbewer 34 1 , Jft 

33V Scoa Paper 50*. 4ft 

Wi Seagram 46V 47 

29V sears Roebuck 37V 38 

54V Shtf Trans 3ft 36V 

20V Soger 39». 39 

32 V SffttWcftiB Beck 78 1 , 7ft 

29V Sony 20 20V 

52 SmCaiEtfison 2ft 25V 

30 Sperry Corp 50V 30V 

38>. StdOfiohn 48’. 49 V 

39V Storing Drug 

78 Stevens J P. 29*. 2ft 

3ft Sun Comp 48V 49V 

54V TiBedyne 306 V 315 s . 

24V Tenneco 39 s . 40V 

156V Texaco 29 s . 29 s . 

SV Texas East Corp 38V 3ft 

14V Texas tost lift 109V 

51V Texas Utl atlas 29 s . 29*. 

38V Textron 4ft 4BV 

44V Travelers Cep 46V 47 1 . 

42 s , TRW Inc 8SV 95V 

51 UAL Inc 5ft 52 

17V umtaarNV 144V 144 

32 Union Cartrte 7ft 75V 

67 s , Un Pacific Corp 5ZV 51 V 

34 united Brands 25V 24 s . 

45 US Steal 25 25'. 

ft UWTeehnol 45 s , 45V 

79 Unocal 2S 7 , 2ft 

4ft Warner Comma 37V 37 1 - 

24', Warner Lambert 47V 4ft 

4ft WeSs Fargo 67V B6V 

38*. 38 s . 

28*. 2ft 

48 s . 49', 

306 V 31ft 
39*. 40*. 

2 SV 29*. 

lift 109<i 
28*. 29*. 

4ft 49V 

8SV 95V 
5ft 52 

45V 45V 

25 s . 2 ft 

ft WestnghseBec 42V 43 

37r, WffvertiauMr 30*. 30 

40V Whirlpool 50 4 

33*. Woohvorth 60V 6 

40', Xerox corp 61V G 

73V Zenith tft 2 



33 32V Masco 40’, 

2ft 29V McDonnofi 74 

38 38V Meed 4ft 

4 ft 48*. Merck 13ft 

ft 9V Minnesota Mng 90V 

2ft 21V Mobil 011 3ft 

63V 63V Monsanto 47 

51 5f Morgan J. P. 63*j 

3ft 39V Motorola 38V 

41V 41*. NCR Corp 42*, 

40', 40V NL Industries 14 

25*. 30 Nat Distillers 35 

40V 41*, NetMedErit 2ft 

1ft 1ft Nat Senucndctr 13V 

14ft 146 1 ? Norf ok South 78*, 

121V 120 NW Bancorp 29V 

42V 4ft Occtoental Pet 29 

17V 1ft Ogden 29V 

38 35*. DUn Corf 37', 

BZ*. 63*. Ovvens-QUnom 56 

5V 9V Pacific Gas Elec ift 

4ft • 4ft Pan Am 7 T , 

67V 66 s . Penney J. C. 56 

BO 1 ; 80 PermzoJ 69*. 

Tft 1ft PepsiCo 6ft 

C Ex OKtotonon. h Bd. k Martel Closet). ■ N» 

30*. 30’; 

50 4ft 
60V 60*j 

61V 61V 

30V Abrtfiv 16V 15V 

tr, Alcan Alum In 43 s . 43V 

6ft AJgoma Start 20 20 V 

38V Bell Telephone 39 s . 39V 

4ft Can Pacific 18 18 

14V Comlnco 13V i3V 

25 Cons Bathurst 19V 1ft 

22*. Gulf Ol 20V 20V 

Dow down 
at opening 

New York (Agencies) - The 
stock market was sharply lower 
in morning trading is as 
acceleration of Friday's down- 
ward trend. 

Traders yesterday said inves- 
tors were disappointed that the 
weekend meeting of die Group 
of Five nations did not make any 
dear plan to lower Interest 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average, which fell 4.93 on 
Friday to 1536.70, was down 
11.70 to 1525.00 soon after the 
market opened. 

The New York Stock Ex- 
change index was down 0.09 to 
119.44 and the price of an 
average share was down 27 
cents. Declines led advances 
1.026 to 348 among the 1,787 

issues crossing the tape. 

Big board volume was about 
28.88 million shares. 

Merril Lynch was the most 
active issue, gaining V, to 39V*. 
IBM followed, dropping 2V* to 
148%. Prices were lower in 
active trading on the American 
Stock Exchange. 

“We’re seeing some whole- 
sale selling," one analyst said. 
“People are nervous over the 
fact that nothing constructive 
came out of the G5 meeting.** 

He said the market continued 
to be pressured by reaction to 
IBM's fourth quarter earnings. 
The company on Friday re- 
ported a 23 per cent gain in 
year-to-year quarterly net 

While the tin market held its 
breath yesterday, copper and 
aluminium staged ahead on the 
London Metal Exchange, hel- 
ped by sterfbig’s weakness. 


S®r*ba*n rant, coffee and 
cocoa ki£ par tome: 
Gb-oI and sugar in U$ 3 
par tome. 

0 W Joynson and Co report 

Afl months unquoted 


Dee - 


Fob „ - 

Mar — - 

Jurt - 



JWVS» - 

Tone~-lZ~ZZZZ r7~I II - 



fto.6 at 18.00 

Mar 140.40-40.00 

May 147.20-4? 00 

Aug 153^0-52^3 

Oct 15&2O-5B.0O 

Dec NB- 

Mar NB- 

Vol 702- 

Tooe — 



AS mortrs unquoted 
Vat NIL 


Mar 1720-19 

May 1720-19 

Jly 1743-42 

Sep 17B8-66 

Dec 1782-80 


Other base metals, however, national Coffee Organization 


were stagnant. 

Coffee was again the star 
among the softs, rising strongly 
as the board of the Inter- 

began to grapple with the 
question of suspending quotas, 
03 fell further, hut finan- 
cials were lively. 


3*5-33 6 


Jno 1 

^ 1 




Dec. 1 



Feo.—. l?f 

Mar -ITS 



Apr ITt 

May — -165 

jne_ 1B£ 

■J0-€7 00 

Jly 165 

Aug -165 

Sep 171 

Oct 176 

LOO- 70.00 











Jid - .. -2610-05 

Sep _ . 2685-60 

Nov 27S5-4Q 


_ 5883- 

Unofficial prices 
Offldal turnover Rgura* 
Prte»i HE per metric tonne 
Mure to pence per ray «mo* 
Rudolf WoHf& Co, LBL repeat 

Cash 1007. DO- 1008.00 

Throe months ...1 034 50-1 D35.00 

Vd 14.050 

Tout siaadtor 


Cash .m990.KW9AOO 

Three months ....1022.00-1 C25. 00 


Tone tote 




Cash— —.851^0-252^0 

Three months -282.50-263.00 

VOI .2-300 

Tone — QUet 


Cash 4UJXH17.00 

Three mantra 

Vol -»fl 

Tone —Jdte 


Cash 43850-439.50 

Three months 453.00-45350 

Vol 5500 


Cash 43050-431.00 

TTHMBBfflfll <4350-44450 

VCM — 20 

Tone quiet 


CMh .43050-431.00 

Three month* 44350- 444 J0 

VOI — - n il 

Tone ... “a 


Cash 7B250-79350 

Three months 8215042250 

Vol -10,100 

Tone — — .. — .firmer 


Cash 2780-2790 

Three months .2850-2833 

Vd ... 854 

Tone -steadier 

Average toMocfc prfcae at 
npramdn taerfcNbi on 

GB: Ceuta, S424p per kg Kw(- 

GB; Sheep. 163 Sip per kfl wt d 

GB: Ptos. 7X39p par kg hr 

Sngtond and Watea: 

Canto nos. down 1 1,4 per cent 
ave. price. 94JHpf- 152). 

Live ng Contract .. 

p. per Me 



Unq 85.0 

Unq 94.0 

The pound took a bamm^ing 
vestardaT, 8S Crude oQ price* 
s^^dtoabootSTO afaarrel on 

spotmarisete- , 

It lost more flam two centa; 

'down to 1.4158, from 1-4385 at 
Friday's dose. Sterling’s trade- 
weighted index -feH to its lowest 
. level since last April, to dose at 
76.9, against 77.9. 

Its value against the m"kfcU 
below 3-50, to end at 3.4994 

(3-5407), after a low for the day 
of about 3.4965. 

Sterling has now fallen to 
below die level which triggered 
off die last round of base rate 
rises, on Jaimary 8, although 
dealers said another 1 per cot 
•on interest rates is effectively 
already written into the market, 
given the continuing weakness 
of ofl prices. - 

The pound started the day 
with an attempt at a rally- 

sterling spot and forward rates 

Shexp nos. down 38. D per «nt 
BVO. price. 1 B5.68P (-1601). 

PU nos. down U DW c*nL 


Caffle nos. down 192 p*r cert, 
ora. isica, 9&94p (-0.71 J, 

Sh*op nos- down 61 2 par CWR. 
■vo pries. 1 84 32p (-12.76). 

WbMt BSftoy 

Momh Ctos* Ctosn 

Jan £11485 £112.70 

MAT £117^5 £116.15 

frtoy £120.00 £117.70 

Jul E123UJ0 

Sop £100.10 £9980 

Alov £103.10 £102.75 


Wheal 178 

Barf ay. 5 




Montfi Op«i Oom 

Fob 1Q1 j 1Q2J3 

Apr 10L4 1BSL6 

Jw 99.7 .- 1005 

Aug 93.7 98.6 

Oct KMJ 104J 

Nov 105.7 10&5 

Vd. 20 



Month Open Oom 

Feb Slim 80-30 

Apr 92.00 93.00 

May 99J0 99.10- 

Noi 77 JX 76.70 

Fan 8SX0 82.00 

VoL 828 

OJLL MOM Potoras Ud rapert 
810 par totfex point 

HghAM Oom 

Jan 88 6000-900.0 - 000-5 

Apr 88 353.0-851 J S5l A 
Jul 86 820.5-8204) 827.0 

Oct 86 — 9163 

Jan 87 — 9163 

Apr 07 — 990-5 

Jol 87 — 98041 

Oct 87 — . 9604) 

SOOC 907.5 
VOL: 84 





a r*" 













an -0580 pram 
2 , r2 1 xcprwn 
25-1 0c pram 
125-416# dtoc 
55-1 Op pram 

3-IOrdS* . 



3W sc pram 




1V IV pram 

14V«'^opram OT'rSftorot 
ft-ZVpram Wrftcpram 

awing Indu norafrarad «Nh 197S WW riown « «f TWfdaf* 


Argsntirni sutora I’lSrt'iSS 

Austratt dBMr ^ 

' BthfabnSnBf - fl 

gssssas ====«s»a 

Groecs drachma 213 ^ 0 - 215^0 

i.o^>-i i ^ 

hMnjpai 1740-17^0 


Matevsti doter - i ■ - - 

Naw Zealand doner 

Saudi Arabia rival .... S 1930-5.2330. 


South Africa rand 34271-3.2518 

United Arab Ertoratee dhham.. JL2248-S2946 






Denmark — ~ 
West Germany _ 
Switzerland — 



Hong Kong 
Portugal — 


2.1306-2.1315 ' 



„1 ^020-14030 

— — 7.645Q-7J650 








^..1 6834)0-1 88S410 ' 




15483.1S4.63 ' 

Rataa enppBad by Barcfc-ra Bank HOFHX and ExtaL *Uoyds Bank IntamaBonaL 

13', 'Hawker/Sid Can 21*2 
79’, Hudson Bay Mtn 7*, 

*7* ^ 

2ft 26', 


29'j •Imasco 2& T i 26 r , 

2ft Imperial 01 4ft SO 1 , 

29*4 knPtpe 4ft 42'. 

3ft Mass.-F*rgsn 3.05 3.00 

54 -Royal Trustco 22 1 1 22 

1ft Seagram E4 r , 66 

ft Steel Co 2ft 23'. 

5ft 'Thomson N A' 23 23 

70'] Wafcw Hiram 31', 31', 

58*. WCT Tft 16 s , 

issue p Slock sST 1 TriCBd y UpquaffitL 

64', 66 

23 s ! 23'. 

N D O N F- 1 N A N C I A II F- U T CJ RES ’ • y w 

Three Month Sterling 

Mar 86 

.'un 85 

3?p £3 — — 


Prevbus day's total open Interest 9563 
Three Month Eurodollar 

Mar 86 

Jun 85 

Sep 86 

Dec 36 

Previous day's total open Interest 20098 
U 5 Treasury Bond 

Mar 95 

Jun 96 — 


Previous day's total open interest *186 
Short Gfll 

f *ar 85 

Jun 35 

Previous day's total open Interest 1065 
Long Gilt 

r/.ar 8S 

Jun £6 

Sep 86 

Dec 66 

Previous day s total open totsrast 6385 
FT-SE 100 

Mar 86 

Jun 86 

Previous day s total open Interest 1945 





Eat Vol 


















57 XT 















































Period rates dosed nervously at 
the top levels of the day- 
yesterday, discounting an early 
rise in base rates. From two 
months to 12 months, they were 
up to half a point above Friday's 

Day-to-day money was easy 
for most of the session because 
of a surplus, although it climbed 
to 14 per cent bid at the finish. 

Bess Rates «fc 

Clearing Banks 1ft 
Fnanca House 12 

Discount Market Loans % 

Ove might High 13 Low 9 
Week feed: ll'r-11 

Treasury Blue (Discount *i) 

Buying B eing 

2 months 1ft 2months 12-"* 

3 months 13 s , 3mondts 13', 

Prime Bank BOs (Discount “v] 

I month tft- tft 2 months lft-12’-, 
3 months 13V 1ft fl months J2Vl2’e 
Trade Bills (Docount Si 
1 month 13'. 2 months 13 s , 

3 months 1ft 6 months 13', 

Interbank pit 

Overnight open lO'-l 0 dose 14 
1 week I2*t-1ft 6 months 13'rlft 

1 month 13-12-', 9 months 13Vl3'< 

3 months 13*«-lft 12 months 1 3*^-1 ft 
Local Authority Deposits (%J 

2 days 11», 7 days 11% 

1 month ift 3 months 12*. 

8 months 12», 12 months 1ft 

Local Airthalty Bonds (%) 

1 month ISS-lft 2 months 13V13', 
3 months 13*r1ft 6 months t3 T 4-l3 

9monpis l3Vlft 12months13 1 rlft 
Starling CO* pt) 

1 monm 12°w h - 3 months 13 Vi 3 
6 m on ths iftW 12mon*hs 13-ift 

1 month 8.10-880 3mondt* 8 10880 
6 months 810880 12 months 845-820 



HWh Low Stock 

InL Gross 

onty Red. 
Prico Qt'e* yid^ywfifc 

1988 ' ’ 

High Low Stock 

7 days 7V7 T, i4 
3 months 3*«-8 1 t« 
7 cays <V-4'» 

3 nxnihs 4"w&m 
French Franc 
7 days Wr 
3mornhs Ift-IZ 1 * 
Swts* Franc 
7 days 2-lK 
3 months 4**4' « 

7 Cays 7V7 
3 months 6 a n'ff n i l 


1 month 
6 month* 

1 north 
c afl 

1 month 
6 months 

6 months 

1 month 

■K re g mnd - (per comt 
53524)0-354.00 (£24845-249.75) 
Scver&gns" (newt 
58480-8580 (£5980-6025) 
Excludes VAT 

Fixed Rata Starting Export Finance Scheme IV 
Average reference rata (or In te rast period 4 
December. 1985 n 7 January. 1986. Induanra: 
11.838 per cera. 




Border & 80 vn 
Or Empr* Sac 
BrlBill In, 

Dortn Inc 
Drayton C9ra 
Cr*y-BB Far Ezsl 
tkayton Jam 
Drayttm PfanMar 
Dindw Lon 



Remno Anuncan 
Remrmj Enurpnsa 

namng Ftaajlng 
nammg Japan 

naming iwcmm 



25 2.7 


28.1 n 35 


46 36 


B.I 55 


44 it 

06 CL7 

35h 35 


16 09 

, m 

5.1 2.7 

. m 

276 «5 

0.7 36 


205b 5 7 


116 M 

366 35 

3056 46 


1.1 05 

105 96 


1*6 is 


IjS 12 


35a 06 


IB2 35 


7.7 *5 

, _ 

06 0.6 

46b 36 

5A 15 

SO 36 


1.9 B* 

as 36 


26 26 


16b 16 


116 6 4J 

125b 44 

, _ 

67 67 

75 15 


145 O 


161 45 

InL Groan 
only Red. 
Price Cfc'e* yldWyld 1 *, 

2t* *3 

230 -3 

m • -i 

26* • -£ 

MB +3 


: i ■ ■ 


High Low Company 

Dtv Ytd 

Ch-ge pence % P/E' 

Mena* me 
Murray Boa* 

raSitJocrr* 1 *" 


1» • -1 
230 *2 

sie -2 


2S* - -2 

14B B —2 

K* W 
295 1«ft 

til 70 

left ill 
182- T29 

Wl ’ " 7» 
192 12* 

1X9 - 111 • 
28* 211 
338 2*8 

m 137 

120 .103 

8ft 7ft 
2SE ire 
*2 584 

a> ai 

no 8* 
172 . ua 
m aw 

TTMlOar 1W 

trtlriiaenai 208 

Tr Norm Amartc* D2 

TrPacMceaMl 119 

TTProparar M2 

TrTmOi SB 

.WltaMaat Ml 

- TeaptaBw 136 

Thragnonnn 9*1 

Ttvng SaoxadCap 303 
Tte re Oc aan lo 168 

-Item T13 

mgfavaatinc. w, 
USDabanim 218 


+1 Si U 

33 28 

147 t&9 
-8 93b A3 

.. . 1.7 23 

.. 23 3.1 

33 3 3 
-1 . 42 23. 

-* . 133b 47 

Financial Trusts 

It * 





■ 066 25 

etc . 



4 J 66 

30 ? 

■ .. 

66 - 66 . 


-2 . 

.04 61 . 

Britannia Arrow 



TT car <3 Lon DM 

535 « -6 

csft.- «r-ft 
33 *1 

37. -3 


*u • . .. 

31ft •- 

134 • -1 

80 -1 

182 -a 



80 • 42 

«B . .. 

am. m .. 


820 -10 

70 S 

29* —3 


IBB ’ • *2 

2SJ .47 .203 

6 33 43 163 
BB3 49 109 

93 U M 

94 4.1 3*.1 

43 2A 183 

3 .0 U 123 

7.1 19 174 

37 7.1 11.f 
12 13 '17.1 

2Ub 23 141 

229 7.1 8.4 

193 2 5 313 
133 BJS 79 
05 0.7 702 

«' S3 ISA 


Bxt OI»W Cnn, n» 















































1 lEL 








211 1 









305 s 













66 6 




































101 « 












Him ttaMInc 

BX9 Ciflar Chnq TO 

105.1 1084 
1316 1BS.7 

701 743» 

13BA 1*59 

1493 1933 

OaAccum 1*99 150-9 

NAawiEanfnc 4 IS 453« 

DoAccum *91 52J9 

PieWc I n cnma 941 Bl 

DoAccum ■ 1097 til 3 

SmarCo-smc <29 M3 a 

DoAccum 729 77 6 a 

7478 Fbatxnr Pavaman London EC2A 1 JO 
01-938 2777 tjaah^th -438 0*73/9 
MenayGuida OMMItWU 
CrowtnOSi 563 961 

111 Racovaiy 874 M2 

SmaBarCoa 1195 1276 

UKOwti 323 3*5 

&mu Inc 483 527 • 

GB 235 2*3 

incBCrowoi 1833 177 4 

NatrOonlnc >835 17*5 

Prat Sham 173 18.7 

CmnmosSw 1313 1*04 

FvTonc^Sra 389 *15 

GcIC ft Gan 200 215 

PtLanura 1*3 153 

proo Sham 438 51 J 

Unto Enmty 452 *829 

Wood Inch ,0 0 

Airnr Crowoi 90 7 96.7 

ftnVtXM, 55.7 994 

AmvSnWbrCo-a 23.t 

AuHCnmm 966 73.* 

EuroSmaSar 127 135 

Far East 35 1 37* 

HongXongPrt 248 280 • 

Mfinto 305 325 

j^mnPan 26 1 *oa« 

Japan &naBar 102 109 

■mra B85 «9 8 

Euruol Marvat 6* 7 87 7 

MonayGrida DB094 


Sm a a ar Coa 




me 8 Growtn 
Prat Sham 
proo Sham 

Amur Crown 
Amar SrnaBar Cob 

Hong Kong W 
Jhfl Crown 

Japan Srnaltar 102 10. 

ExanM Mi €8 

Exnraa Marvat 6*.7 87 

anowH SiePLer 

3-17. Parrymown RO. HaywsC* Haan 


BSFimolncmna *8.8 9M 

DoAccum 815 87-1 

Financial 1086 »'66 

Grown Accnd 1519 1B2S 

Oo Incoraa SB 1 104.9 

ragntneem 53-3 563 

rwa 619 663 

NannAmancxi 5U 9-J 

Onara Si 3 V9 

teorav 23 9 5-0 

TacTruJcuir 12*5 15^ 

Ornmir' 318 33 6 


Tttn Srocft Ersninga Lcncon E'3P 2JT 

01-588 2888 

GanarV nc (*i 1733 1825m 

Do Aocumri) 2726 287] 

tncoma Rmd <3j 816 85 9 

Do ACCumffl 1*35 1*73 

mancra 1 CC 6 test 

Do Accum (21 1 322 137# 

&ma0arine<5i 888 0 

Do Accun'M 91*» 3790 

tncoma Fund (3| 







-0*1002 j 

Do Acorn 


-041002 1 


35. Fountain scManommar 













TilOl kn Trusts 








Far Eosran Tnm 






Sl tiaerga Hsa Carporabmi SL Coiarary CV 



-1 t 










-05 107 ( 




123 3 








1 . Laimoo Poutnty Lcrdoo DBA 






101 1 













TOwr am. TonCHdea. TW9 107 






























fl. Ootf* Sa London EC3A6AN 


01*51 £9 73 


t^*17 25196 

' *0 


Froewiy Tras 



Bat Dlln Gnng yid 

Smuarccrapanam 1702 1812 *01 1.18 

EcroaaanTnni 1841 1*63 *02 0.7fl 


PC Bern *42.32 ^Mary-wFiM London EC3P3AJ 

M0ibc«nia 457 49.10 -02 6*8 

NAmarhw 1« 1154 +0.7 095 

Hacwary 1571 1872 +12 U8 

OaTrum 35 5 372 -O3KL08 

StVtaaelnc 70 8 730 -04 l« 

SiVoeareuson 572 70 1 +16 056 

Taw Bar Sm Co'* 134.19 1415* .. 359 

'l * ** Bfi 0 1 BA4BH»ar TOUT— MACEBB 
Praoar ur Atfnai. 6 ItoytaVi RA Mmawoad Eraax 

rammMrCe'a 97 0 1032B +84 £51 

HamomMAaar 814 55 J *83 161 

Bancroft Jap*FE 78J IL7 ..05* 

Htmarp, SccnSm 860 BB2 -01 111 

Bas Ottar Omg nd 

naesMn Trass 
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necna*Ooir» 1 ne 
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515 c 

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-07 448 

-15 273 

-04 J72 



-67 312 



-15 St 84 

61 ■ 


. 61* 

-63 991 


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DoAccum (7) 'K2 1378 .. 2.73 

&moBarlnc<5i 888 0 9772 289 

Do Ac Clan'S) 91** 3790 - 283 

IS. HWi HOBcm. London WS1V 6PY 

GS Japan Fund *82 51 4 -04 042 

1 OMICW! w«y. iWanolay. l*«9 0MB 
01 -002 0876 _ 

Grown »4 »I5 +15 3« 

mu, 28*6 3875 *05 52 

Far E 411 12*6 1323 -06 071 

MornlUncan 1222 13C0 *05 13- 

too. CW Bread Sx. Lemwi EC2N1BQ 

Caotal 131 »» *66 -- 26 

hot, CD 2251 2370 - - 56 

E5n!Mrte»ntt 231 * 2*56 - 1* 


1 . Ibng MEM SL EG** 7AU 

01-823 831* 

GmTruai 942 1003 -1.1125 


77 London W1AEC21 0B 



77. Loraon W»A London EC2N 1DB 

tama 321” .. 5* 

Accuff] 916-W * 

Harrow Ifia UL BrWtJ BS2 urn 

Gmera&a aty Sa «5 ife ' 


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lot. ChemWa, uwton aavoa; 

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'^r-war- j l 1382 1«-7 

Daaraefia, SW 733 

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Ajnlm *72 Tl6 

Emmaan 19*5 2052 

Ezm Si a S m Co t *02 129 

Jipar Tna; *2* 87J« 

Japar Soaoe Ste 91 « 885 

Pmpac SmaaarCoa 9*7 950 

SngKsraCUmay 2*0 297c 

■tarnAnarcan 1256 1367* 

AmarSm*3arCca 473 911 

fcsarttaonmrfTm! 1121 1£i.i 

Ky r- C MTwEay-n mo I0SJ« 

SasarCoftExarac *71 1022 

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stock market report 

.. '"Vi; 

t rate worries send 
and gilts tumbling 

/- h®. 

Fears that interest rates could 
; be raised this, week to protect 
sterling -sent shares s liding 

■ yesterday. After a drab day. the 
FT oQ-sbare index. finished 12.6 

■ points down at- 1 , 106.1 points. 

, The FF-SE index- slumped 17.7 

pointsto 1,378.3 points,. 

Government stocks were alto 
mauled. -At the longer end of the 
market, prices collapsed by as 

■ much as -£2. Shorts were down 
by upTo £i . 

Market sentiment was dam- 
aged fay the inconclusive meer- 
ing'of Group of Five ministers 
in London. The weakening oil 
price helped fuel the depression. 

The market Is looking forward 
to .interim figures from John 
Bedles, the textiles tp refriger- 
ation equipment badness. The 
remits, .doe. on Thursday, are 
expected to show a jump in 
pretax profits from £230,000 in 
the. first half of 1984 to 
{325,000 in the same period last 
year, making a fuIT-year total of 
aroidtd ‘ £9QO.OOO a distinct 
possibility. The dure price 
yesterday moved sharply, .op 7p 
to l06p. - - 

With .sterling lower there 
wercr 'growing' fears' that base* 
rate ■■vtoolcF - have' to be' lifted' 
again, possibly by a full 
percentage point. 

But, in spite of the 
widespread gloom,- takeover 
situations - real .and rumoured 
- continued, to dominate the. 
market. _ ' 

The Guinness intervention in 
the battle for Distillers left DCL 
shares down 3p at 563p after 
touching 590p. Guinness fin- 
ished at 293p, down I Op, and 
initial, bidder Argyll Group 
closed at 355p, down I6p. 

The Monopolies Com- 
mission reference for the Gen- 
eral Electric Co bid for Plessey 
left both shares 2p lower at 


Imperial Chemical Industries 
shaded Ip at 746p on sugges- 
tions that it is about to launch a 
£500 million offer for the 
chemical division of Uniroyal, 
the US , tyre group. Other 
international groups, including 
the West German BASF group, 
are raid to be interested. 

Just over a year ago I Cl 
purchased . Beatrice Chemicals 
for about £550 million. 

Share , prices on .the stores 
pitches *: continued to drift 
downwards, hurt by the fact of 
good news .on interest rates. 
Further hardening of landing 
rates is likely to take the steam ■ 
out of consumer spending. 

By Derek Pain and Pam Spooner 

Hams Queensway lost 6p to 
204p, baying been hurt at the 
end of last week by reduced 
profit -forecasts from analysts. 
There were losses ofbetween 3p 
and l-7p for leadingnames such 
,as Boots, British Hme Stores, 
Burton Group, Great. Universal 
Stores and Woohrorth. 

• Seats Holdings also drifted 
3p lower to 1 07p, although there 
were reports that the' shoes and' 
department stores group is the 
target of Dee Corporation. The 
latter is believed to be ready to 
make a . big acquisition and its 
shares fell 3p to 230p. 

Banking was another sector 
which appeared to be affected 
by the interest rate worries. W 
GreenweU, the broker was 
thought to have been a strong 
buyer of bank shares last week, 
but nothing could prevent 
several pence being knocked oft 
prices of the leading four 
dearers in yesterday's 'dull 

News on the Channel link 
affected certain prices. Costaiu 
Group, George Wimpey and 
Taylor Woodrow are ail in- 
volved in the winning consor- 
tium, and their share prices all 
rose. Costain was up 6p at 47 8p. 
Wimpey jup-2ppt 146p and TW. 
•up 7p at 488p. Trafalgar- House, - 
which was involved in the 
losing EuroRoute plans, 
dropped 20p to 320p. • 

Williams Holdings, the ac- 
quisitive engineering group, 
managed a movement against 

motor .components group. 
Armstrong reports results in 
March and the City expects 
good news. The shares rose 315p 
to SOVJp, and they have now 
regained much of their fall this 

Shares in Westland, the 
beleaguered helicopter maker, 
slipped 5p to 93p. After the 
blocking of the Sikorsky rescue 
plan, shareholders must now 
wait for further developments. 
Hopes are that Sikorsky will 
make a full takeover offer. 

Interim results from David S. 
Smith, the packaging company, 
brought cheer to the share price, 
raising it 5p to 152p. Profits 
came back to a healthy £2.5 
million, against £226,000 last 
time, mid the half year dividend 
is increased . from 1 p to 1 ,4p. 
Western Board Mills, which 
Smith bought at the end of 
1984, continues to enhance 
group profits. 

Vanx Breweries, on sugges- 
tions of a bid for the Kennedy 
Brookes catering group, slipped 
2p to 376p. Mr Paul Nicholson, 
chairman, denied any intention 
to bid. Kennedy Brookes, which 
was also unwilling to contem- 
plate such a link, closed with a 
6p rise to 236p after touching 
246p: : 

Wold, the vegetable group 
which was hit on Friday after 
another profits warning, re- 
covered 7p to 60p. First Leisure 
Corporation, with figures today 
edged ahead 5p to 42Sp and 

Stand by for the long expected revamp at Barbican Holdings, once 
a power in the security business. Yesterday the Stock Exchange 
announced that the share quotation, suspended at 3V<p in 
November, had been cancelled. Such a move allows dealings to 
-take place under the special dealing rule 535 -facility. Barbican h** 
already announced two takeovers. 

the market trend, its shares 
rising 5p to 408p. The market 
expects another significant deal 
to be announced soon. 

Bid romours were back for 
Yorkshire Chemicals, its share 
price being chased 6p higher to 
73p. Buyers were also back for 
Armstrong Equipment, the 

textile group David Dixon 
Group continued to reflect A. & 
J. Gelfer bid hopes with a lOp 
rise to 295p. The latest acqui- 
sition put 6p on the shares of 
Mann & Co, the estate agent, at 


Aaronite, makers of fire 
fighting equipment, continued 


Abbott Mead VkkenSpOrt I ISO) 
Ashley (Lamm) ip Ord (135) 

Cabte ft Wirctec SOp Ord (587) 300p Pd 
Chancery Secnriii rO ip Ord (63a) 

Chan rantat Lynch Sp Old (86a) 

china ft EjsfflijjvSaosnw. ; . 

JOjrOnHW*) •-*. 

Crow JpOrd (7<a) i , v. 1 - •- 
Djalcoc25o Ord (128a) 

Fergnsoo (Junes) HbOtdUO) 

Cnnyto Surface iOp Old (56«) 

1ml BuCncss Oxonian IQp Old PS) 

J S Pathology 1 Op OnJ 1160a] 

■toques Vert iOp OnT(13ta)' 

Lexicon Inc SOOI Com Slid IS) 113 

MerivafcMooitSpOidlllJ) 134 

Mods ft Crane 1 6 p Ord (a) 87+3 

Mount System ip Ord CXb) 93 

SAChuenotioiial lOpOid(iOOa) 118 

SPP (OpOrd (125) . 1SI 

Siemrx Ini lOpOd flOla) 43 

Slerlina Pu Mailing Sp Old (57a) TJ 

- TechcoaiC jtxa p onfa l 25p Ord ( 130a) 250+5 

. Mjtehpnrl 

Cbentrinc((DO)Cnv Mi Nil Pd 21 pretn 
Gpal Petroleum (32) ND Fd 19 pran-2 

Hon RoMnton (240) ND M 39 prcm-4 
T ripfex (70) Nil Pd 9 prem-I 

Umeixni{r(S2)fHPd 26 prem-7 

him priefcin pmrqihrtq, a Unhflcd Securities, 
•by lendet 

to benefit from last week's 
takeover talks announcement, 
improving a further 5p to 6Sp. 

The Hasson Trust-Imperial 
Group-United Biscuits triangle 
looks set to be reairanged. Lord 
Hanson yesterday hinted that 
he is prepared to increase his 
offer for Imperial to persuade 
the board to give up the fight. 

But Imperial, which has an 
agreed merger on the table with 
United Biscuits, may yet be put 
out of Hanson's reach. Accord- 
ing to reports in the City, 
Morgan Grenfell, merchant 
bank to UB, has looked very 

James Ferguson Holdings, 
the knitwear to property group, 
returned to the market at 15p 
yesterday, against a lOp reintro- 
d notion price. The company has 
been revamped by Mr David 
Mitchell, aged 60, a Swiss- 
based . financier, and Mr Gpry 
Cramer, aged 24. It has 
expanded into leisure and 
financial services. 

closely at reversing the merger, 
with UB making a share plus 
cash bid for Imperial. 

Imperial and UB make a 
handsome couple, especially 
from a borrowings point of 
view. The merged group on the 
present terms would have a 
gearing ratio of around 20 per 
cent. That leaves plenty of room 
in a rearranged link-up for some 
cash for Imperial shareholders. 

Imperial shares are priced at 
249p. down 6p, some 15p above 
the value of the Hanson shares 
and cash offer. Hanson was 
priced at 1 39p, down Sp on the 
day, and UB slipped 3p to 235p 
- being roughly 70p below the 
value of the terms from 

Some analysts already regard 
the proposed lmperial/UB set- 
up as a reverse takeover by UB, 
so a revision of the merger 
terms to put UB in the driving 
scat is unlikely to ruffle the 
City. But the two companies 
have another hurdle to deal 
with if they wish to keep 
Hanson out. 

The Office of Fair Trading 
has yet to deride whether to 
refer the lmperial/UB deal to 
the Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission. However, City 
opinion is the two groups, 
which together would be worth 
.around £1.3 billion and have a 
big' chunk of the British snack 
foods market, have argued then- 
case forcibly with the OFT and 
will avoid the Monopolies 

. A R P QJ N X (ti E N I S „ • 

C H Beazer Homes West Mr 
Peteer Fernandez becomes 
director for sales and marketing. 

Panad: Mr John Kay Green 
has rejoined as director of the 
corporate and finance division: 

Welding Rods: Mr P F 
Rogers has joined as a technical 

Frizzell Group: Mr K M 
Davidson has become a direc- 

National Radiofone: Mr 
Ronald Hooker has become 
chairman of the board. 

MGM Assurance: Mr David 
W Hardy is made deputy 
chairman. * 

Electrothermal Engineering: 
Mr Thomas W Bull and Mr 
Kenneth Morris have become 

Windsor Television: Mr 
David Whitaker as been made 
managing director. 

British Bankers’ Association: 
Mr D M Child has become, 
chairman of the executive 
committee. Mr J E Craig has 
taken over from Mr Child as 
deputy chairman. 

Combined Lease Finance: 
Mr Glyn Jenkins has joined the 
board as finance director. 

Bradstock. Blunt (NI): Mr 
W illiam E McClu&key if made a 

Burroughs Wellcome: Mr 
Ted Haigler has become presi- 
dent and chief executive officer 
and a member of the board of 

The Wellcome Foundation. Mr 
A J Shepperd has been made 
chairman of BW and Dr R M 
CressweU, group director, will 
join the BW board. 

Withers, Solicitors: Mr- John 
Roome has become ' senior 
partner. . 

• Reeves Brown Associates: 
Mr Keith Jecks has been made 

Phillips Petroleum Company 
Europe- Africa: Mr Robert For- 
sythe has been made director of 
'public affairs.' 

Guardian Management 
Services: Mr Michael da Qnes- 
ray has become director of 
Computer Consultancy 


J Henry Schroder Wagg & 
Co: Mr Panfilo TaranteQi has 
been made an assistant director. 

Fotheigill Engineered Fab- 
rics: Mr S M P Bowden is now 
managing director. 

-. Accident & General: Mr 
Michael Monk has been 
appointed to the board as 
financial director. 

AT & T and Phillips 
Telecommunications. UK: Mr 
B. W. Manley has become 
chairman and chief executive 

Phoenix Foods Manufac- 
turers: Mr John White has 
joined the board. 

WCRS (Holdings): Mr Tim 
Breene is to be deputy manag- 
ing director. ■' 


Gold may regain some of its shine 

Last week's flurry of excitement 
in the gold market was most ‘ 
convenient. It had all the 
ingredients of a good story: a- 
sudden upsurge in price, hectic 
trading, baffled dealers and a" 
mystery buyer. It was also well- 
timed. at the end of a long, dull 
period in the market, and at the. 
b eginnin g of the year, bandy for 
prognostications. “ 

There is no particular reason 
why gold, or precious metal 
generally, should rise in price 
this year. Indeed,, there is 
weighty evidence to the . con- 
trary. : But a still, quiet voice 
tells me that the average for 
1986 could' be respectably 
higher than for 1985. 

Thai would be easy from * 
statistical point of view. Gold 7 
averaged $318 ah ounce last 
year, its lowest average since 
1978, and much less than -tile 
$360 of 1984. 

Trading-- volume -in botb- 
buiiion and futures was slack. 
The collapse of krugerrand sales 
and “ Intergold’s __ eventual 
Suspension of 'its sales 
programme indicated an ex c e p - 
lionally depressed consumer , 
interest in gold. 

As k so often true in the gold 
market, investors had .good- 
reason to be disenchanted. 

Since 1980 'mine production in 
the West has risen by 25 per 
cent. Output last year was 1,169 
tonnes, the highest since 1972. 
The latest edition of Metals 
Analysis and Outlook, pub- 
lished by Metals and Minerals 
Research Services, estimates 
that mined gold will be 1,200 
tonnes in 1986* rivalling the 
peak years of the mid- 1960s. . 

If you add the- 200 or so 
tonnes of gold sold to the West 
by the Eastern bloc and the 50 
tonnes of _uet official sales 
(mainly Hurd World govern- 
ments financing their debts) the 
total supply to the market in. 
198S was 1,419 tonnes. 

Hus was slightly less than in 
the previous year, but total 
demand for fabrication was also 
lower at T, 173 tonnes, chiefly 
because of the drop from 125 
tonnes to 85 tonnes ustd for 
coins. • 

The result was that the. 
addition to bullion holdings «■ a 
somewhat . unreliable derived, 
residual in- these figures - was 
241 tonnes against 228 tonnes 
in 1984. It is expected to be 250: 
tonnes in 1986. So far this 
decade the cumulative surplus 
of gold available to the market 
over and above fabrication 
demand has been 997 tonnes. 

This is an important figure. 
The steady increase in mine 
production was promoted by 
the price boom which culmi- 
nated in 1980; the profitability 
of mines at only $200; and the 
political and economic slump in 
base metals. 

• It was not matched, however, 
by an increase in the attractive- 
ness of gold to the investor or 
speculator iq bullion. Such 
people move the gold price at 
the margin. They bought the 
bullion surplus, but at ever 
lower prices. ' 

The physical , balance of 
supply and demand was aggra- 
vated by external financial 
factors. ‘ Gold investment has 
suffered from the worst possible 
combination of decelerating 
inflation, high real interest 
rates, and ffie almighty dollar. 
The faith of even the most loyal 
gold bug has been sorely tested. 

- , Nevertheless, gold bugs are a 
resilient lot. The importance of 
last week's events was that they 
bad dearly not surrendered and 
opened a Post Office account, 
despite -the discouraging supply 
and demand forecasts for 1986 
and.cheedess assessments of the 
much more elusive interest and 
current exchange rates. The 
extraordinary sight of tumbling 

oil prices alone should frighten 
even the most stout-hearted 

So dismal a picture causes Mr 
David Hargreaves, in a mineral 
market survey by Gourlay 
Wolff, to forecast a 1986 
average gold price in the 
generous range of $250 to $350. 
A worsening of the South 
African crisis widens the range 
to $250 to $450 an ounce. 
Metals and Minerals Research 
Services is forecasting $300 to 

Gold is an emotional market, 
irrational even. Whether gold 
investors follow or anticipate 
events is hotly debated. After 
years of frustration, they are 
clearly ready for another bull 
run. " 

Significantly, Rudolf Wolff, 
the leading commodity broker, 
has plumped for a slightly 
higher price than some of its 
competitors. It could be right. 

This market is more deli- 
cately balanced than the fuoda- 
- mentals suggest A slight change 
in any of the sensitive elements 
in the financial-political climate 
surrounding gold could be 
enough to prove that last week 
was not a flash in the pan. 

Argos to 
20 stores 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

Argos, the catalogue show- 
room chain subsidiary of BAT 
Industries, plans to spend about 
£12 million this year on 
development and expansion 
including 20 new stores. 

The investment, with another 
£16 million for promotion, was 
announced yesterday after 
Argos showed a big jump in 
sales last year to £3 j 8 million, 
up 25 per cent on the previous 
year. This is expected to lift 
Argos profits by at least 40 per 
cent, according to Dr Mike 
Smith, the chief executive. 

Since BAT look over Argos 
in 1979, the chain of show- 
rooms where customers buy 
from catalogues has nearly 
doubled to 166 and annual 
turnover quadrupled. Profits in 
the year to last December were 
£22 million. 

A key factor in recent sales 
growth has been the develop- 
ment of in-store jewellery 
boutiques under the Elizabeth 
Duke banner. These have been 
opened in all but 16 of the 

More than a tenth of the 
latest Aigos catalogue is de- 
voted to the jewellery. 

The first of the new stores 
opens this month at Keighley, 
West Yorkshire, followed by 
one at Great Yarmouth. Site 
negotiations . have been con- 
cluded at Ealing Broadway 
Shopping Centre in London and 
at Folkestone. Kingston, Lan- 
caster. Redhill and Romford. 

Some £4.5 million will be 
spent this year on extending a 
distribution centre at Castle- 
ford. West Yorkshire. 

Big demand for 
Macro shares 

By Clare Dobie 

The offer for sale of shares in 
Macro 4, a computer software 
company, was oversubscribed 
21 times. Applications from 
employees have been met in full 
but other applications are being 
scaled down heavily. 

It is widely expected that, 
when dealings begin on Friday, 
the shares will go to a 
substantial premium lo the 
105p offer price. Only 25 per 
cent of the equity was on offer. 

The success of the issue is 
likely to encourage other sof- 
tware companies 40 join the 
stock market. 

For application's for 250 to 
2.000 shares there will be a 
weighted ballot for 200 shares: 
2.500 to 9.000 shares, a ballot 
for 300: and 10.000 to 15,000 
shares, a ballot for 500. Larger 
applications will receive only 5 
per cent of the amount sought. 



A bigger drinks cabinet 
for facing the world 

Ernest Saunders will have lo 
get a bigger drinks cabinet for 
his Guinness chief executive's 
suite to accommodate the 
bigger range of products which 
will come under his control if 
the agreed £2.2 billion merger 
with Distillers goes through. 
The expanding drinks cabinet, 
which displays the company's 
brands, reflects the rebirth of a 
business which now is poised 
to become a main player in the 
international drinks market. 

Four >ears ago. before Mr 
Saunders' arrival at Guinness, 
such a merger could not have 
even been contemplated. A 
glance at the sums in a 
Guinness-Distillers group now 
makes it look nothing more 
than a logical step forward. Put 
the Guinness management 
with the Distillers’ brands and 
the effect, it can be argued, is 

The pro forma balance sheet 
of the new group implies 
gearing of slightly under 100 
per cent. Hardly excessive, and 
with the promise of a strong 
cash flow this could be down to 
around 35 per cent within three 

On the earnings front, 
Guinness is promising no 
dilution. This is a bold claim 
but confidence is running high 
in its camp. Given the close 
proximity of the Distillers and 
Guinness earnings multiples, it 
is hard to argue with the 
Guinness assessment. 

Bfokcrs already are looking 
at earnings per share of 30p for 
the year to September 1986. 
implying a prospective mul- 
tiple of about 10 times 
earnings. With earnings of 
about 50p a share by 1 990 and 
a market capitalization of 
about £5 billion the new group 
begins to look really impress- 

Whether its size and domi- 
nation of the British whisky 
market will be sufficient cause 
to provoke a reference to the 
Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission is still to be seen. 
But the argument that the 
company will concentrate on 
international markets, and that 
is where growth must come 
from, is a compelling reason to 
nod the merger through. 

Channel Tunnel 

After the Hollywood-style 
build-up to the finale of the 
great Channel fixed link com- 
petition. te envelope-opening 

exercise to announce the 
winner proved to be something 
of a let-down for the City. The 
Oscar might have been award- 
ed, but what did that mean for 
the box office? 

At this stage no one is loo 
sure bow Lhe Channel Tunnel 
cakeTill be divided. Although 
no one would dispute that the 
project will be good for the 
building and construction 
industry it is ironic that the 
biggest movement in the share 
prices of the competing com- 
panies was that of Trafalgar 
House, which sbed 20p to 320 
on the news that it had “lost". 

Even that fall was little more 
than the balancing of the late 
gains on Friday, and some 
investors viewed the Govern- 
ment's decision as a bull point 
for Trafalgar on the grounds 
that it was well out of what 
may still prove to be high risk 

There is still lime for 
Trafalgar to recover some of 
this lost sentiment when the 
allocation of the work connec- 
ted with the Channel Tunnel is 
made knoun. It is that 
allocation which will be crucial 
in assessing the impact on the 
companies in the winning 

Tarmac is the most obvious 
beneficiary as a building 
materials supplies business. 
Not only will the benefits of 
increased business flow 
through swiftly, bui the oper- 
ational gearing means ihat 
extra volume will have a 
substantial impact on profits. 

By the same token, com- 
panies like RMC and Amey 
Roadstone. pari of Consoli- 
dated Gold Fields will also 
benefit even though they are 
not directly linked to the 
Channel Tunnel Group. 

The picture is much less 
clear for the construction 
companies, where profits will 
not begin lo appear at least 
until the early 1990s. The 
benefit for Balfour Beatty. 
Coslain, Taylor Woodrow and 
Wim pey, i he consortium 
members, for the lime being is 
one mainly of improved stock 
market sentiment based on the 
knowledge that order books 
can be sustained and overhead 
structures kept intact. 

For the sectors as a whole, 
then, the news has lo be seen 
more as a shot in the arm than 
one in the foot. It will help 
sentiment, certainly, but the 
soundly based investment 

decisions related to the fixed 
link cannot be taken until the 
practicalities of constructing 
the tunnel are disclosed. 

Bowater Industries 

At first sight Bowater Indus- 
tries seems to have undergone 
a conversion on the road to 
Damascus. Only 18 months 
ago it was busy selling its 
American interests by arrang- 
ing a complicated demerger 
and share issue on both sides of 
the Atlantic. Now it is buying 
its way back into the United 

But Bowater has not chan- 
ged its mind about America. It 
has simply withdrawn from the 
US bulk pulp and paper 
indusry with its limited growth 
propccls, and is bidding up a 
more specialized packaging 
operation to replace it. 

Yesterday it announced the 
purchase of StarTex. which 
makes single and multi-layer 
plastic film for packaging in the 
food and other industries, at 
$18 million (£12.7 million) the 
purchase is fairly small but 
with it the company has clearly- 
signposted the way to further 
growth in America." 

It has clearly not been pul 
off by problems at Camvac. the 
US ma Utilized film company, 
where Bowater recently built a 
new plant. At StarTex the 
family managemenr will re- 
main. Presumably, the exit 
mutliples of 20 times historic 
earnings implies confidence 
about continued growth. 

The market, however, 
thought this too much to pay.- 
and marked the shares down 
2p to 281 p yesterday. Bui that, 
looks over cautious. Since the 
demerger Bowater has spent 
more than £40 million on 
acquisitions, most in growing 
businesses, in addition, it has 
spent £50 million or so on 
existing operations. 

Although the effect of this 
acquisition programme will not 
have come through in the 19S5 
figures, due in April, it will 
help profits this year. On this 
basis, profits could move up' 
from. say. £40 million in 19S5 
to £56 million this year, 
suggesting an earnings multiple i 
of just 1 0 times earnings. 

Lord Hanson may be busy 
elsewhere, but he is unlikely to 
lei his 10 per cent stake lie 
unnoticed for long. Given his 
presence on the shareholders' 
register, the share price in 
unlikely to continue its retreaL 




The Trustee Savings Bank has sold the 48-year lease on its former 
City of London headquarters building at Copthall Avenue (above) 
for £13 million. Standard Securities, the property investment and 
development company, has bought the lease and intends to 
redevelop die site with more and better quality space. It is 
discussing with the freeholder,, the Worshipful Company of 
Clothmakers, whether to boy the freehold or renegotiate the lease. 

London & Paris Properties will have a IS per cent stake 

• EVODE CROUP: For the year 
to Sept 28. with figures in £000, 
turnover was 62.903 (53,269), while 
the pretax profit was 2,817 (2.310). 
Earnings per share (basic) were 
8.93p 1 1 325p). A final dividend of 
228p ().98p) is being paid, making 
a total or 3.22p (2.8p). Evade is to 
buy Valentine. Mann and Brown 
from Foilwraps Flexible Packaging 
for £132 million. 


United Kingdom Provident Insti- 
tution has subscribed SI million 
(£700,000) for 100.000 new shares 
in Plasmon Data Systems, an 
offshoot of CTC. UKP1 has now 
joined Jafco. a group company of 
Nomura Securities, one of the 
world's largest financial institutions 
and Kurray. a Japanese industrial 
company, as shareholders and 
investors in the Plasmon optical 
disk subsidiary. 

INGS: A subsidiary, Chilean 
Northern Mines, is to acquire the 
Los Pelambres copper project, and 
the PanianUIo gold mine props in 
central Chile from Atlantic Rich- 
field. The price will be S6.2 million 
(£4.33 million) cash over two years. 
Up to a further S6 million may 
become payable, under a profit- 
sharing agreement. 

TRONIC S: The company is to 
purchase 125-year leasehold inter- 
ests in three industrial units in the 
enterprise zone in Salford. Greater 
Manchester. The cost will be 
£610.000 cash, before taking into 
account the benefit of industrial 
building allowances. totalling 

of Australia is raising its stake in 
this West German company, 
kloeckner said n a statement, 
without giving details. Kloeckner 
also plans to hive-off its steel 

the year to Sept 30. wixh figures in 
£000. turnover was 2.822 (2.715). 
while the pretax profit ws 2.490 
(2.069). The company is a subsidi- 
ary of Kenning Motor Group. 

ES: For the year to Oct. 31. with 
figures in £000, net turnover was 
494 (419). while the pretax profit 
was 102 (98). Earnings per share 
were 7.71 p (6.88p). A dividem of 
4.5p (4.5pl is being paid. 

half-year to Ocu 31, with figures in 
£000. turnover was 7.631 (7,425). 
while the pretax profit was 721 
(804). Earnings per share were 4. Ip 
(4.22p). .An interim dividend of 
0.75p (0.75p) is being paid. 

development of a new headquarters 
building at Fleet Road. Fleet, 
Hampshire, has recently been 
finished and contracts have been 
exchanged for its sale and leaseback. 
The sale proceeds of £2.93 million 
are not expected to be materially in 
excess of the development costs. 

• MANN AND CO: The company 
has entered into a conditional 
agreement to acquire Abbotis (East 
Anglia), the successor to lhe firm of 
A b bo its. a chartered surveyor and 
estate agent, operating mainly in 
Essex, Suffolk and Norfolk. The 
price depends on Abbots' profits 
and its assets, but the base 
consideration will be 2.3 million 
new ordinary shares. 

© APPLE TREE: This company 
and the Fen marc Co-operative are 
to form a joint marketing company 
for the handling of produce grown 
by Fenmorc specifically for super- 
markets. Fenmarc has about 60 
growers, farming 40,000 acres. Its 
members produce 95,000 tons of 
potatoes, carrots, onions and 
parsnips a year. 

ING: For the year to Sept 30. with 
figures in £000. turnover was 1 1,018 
iy.42S). while the pretax profit was 
1,056.5 (843). Earnings per share 
(basic) were 6.1p (5.4p). A final 
dividend of 0.75p Up) is being paid 
on March 19. making a total of 

“On any long-term basis the US economy 
offers investment opportunities 
of exceptional promise” 

Alan McLintock, Chairman 

Change of name 
At an Extraordinary General 
Meeting to be held on 
23rd January 1986 the Board 
will recommend to 
shareholders that the name 
of the Trust be changed to 

The Board believes that there 
are positive advantages to be 
derived from a name which 
reflects the investment 
policy of the Trust and 
identifies it with its 
Management Group. 

Investment Policy 

The Company invests 
primarily for capital growth, 
principally in North America. 

Highlights of the year 

ended 3 1st October 1985 

* Earnings per share increased by 
30% to 3 .2 Ip 

* Annual dividend increased by 
19% to 2. SOp 

* Consolidated total resources of 
£133.9 million at record level 

* Net asset value per share 
increased by 23 % to 151.3p 

Pto: John Govett & Co. Limited, Winchester i 

j House, 77 London Wall, London EC2N 1DH- j 
I Please send me a copy of Tlie Stockholders 
j Investment Trust Annual Report j 

J Name — — ■ j 

I Address — I 

John Govett & Co. Limited . 

Management Group 1 


Michael Prest 

FINANCE and industry 


f the^^ times 


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ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings Began, Jan 1 3. Dealings End, Jan 24. 5 Contango pay, Jan 27. Settlement Day, Feb 3. 

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Edited by Matthew May 

and the 
spirit of 

I' By Richard Sarson 
What do helicopters and com- 
puters have in common? Both 
are high technology industries, 
dominated by large American 
corporations. British and other 
European companies, despite 
King often bolstered by govern- 
ment subsidies and procure- 
ment policies, have difficulty in 
making headway against them 
m a fragmented market. 

Five years ago, the main 
British computer company, 
/CL, got into financial difficult- 
ies, like Westland today. The 
Government sat on the side- 
i : . unes, as the situation worsened, 

* until an American competitor, 
Sperry, like Sikorsky, put in a 
predatory bid. 

Ministers then realized that a 
national asset was at risk. They 
masterminded a rescue oper- 
ation, guaranteeing the bank 
loans made to the company, 
and replacing the chairman and 
managing director. 

On that occasion, the 
Government turned its tack on 
market forces. The reason they 
gave for this abandonment of 
noD-intervemionist principle 
,was that there were too many 
^»CL computers installed in 
defence and other government 
departments, to risk the discon- 
tinuance of these models. 

Why has it not taken the 
same view of Westland? Per- 
haps because it deems com- 
puters more central to the 
economy than helicopters. Or 
perhaps it is more simple than 
that. The ICL rescue was an all- 
British affair. But Michael 
Heseltine was asking the Wes- 
tland board and the cabinet to 
back a European solution 
against an American one. 
Instinctively, they refused. 

This runs counter to the 
Government's policy on high 
4 technology, clearly stated by Sir 
Geoffrey Howe at last year’s 
Eureka meetings in Paris and 
Hanover, that European colla- 
boration is the only way to 
counter .American and Japanese 

By not doing so. he may have 
jeopardized future collaborative 
high-tech projects. The Euro- 
peans have always held the view 
that the British, and the present 
government in particular, only 
pay lip service to European 
cooperation. They were sur-. 
prised and delighted by Mr 
HescUine’s stand, scenting that 
perhaps the British were chang- 
ing their spots. 

Now. the Europeans will 
lL’-vhrug their shoulders. When the 
chips are down, they will say, 
the British always scurry off to 
the Americans for help. They, 
will point out to the major 
British software houses who 
have succumbed recently; 
Hoskyns to Martin Marietta, 
Metier to Lockheed. .Arc to 
McDonnell Douglas. 

After Westland, the Euro- 
peans will think twice about co- 
operative ventures or bids for 
British companies, even though 
the fragmented nature of the 
European computer market 
demands restructuring. 

One can only hope that the 
spirit of Eureka survives the 
Heseltine affair. 

New models offer little glamour 

The Which Computer? Show, at the 
National Exhibition Centre in Birming- 
ham last week reflected little but 

You could perhaps be forgiven for 
assuming that hard-pressed computer 
manufacturers have only two choices 
now - either try to sharpen an existing 
product with bolt-on extras, a fairly 
cheap option this one with no great 
research and development expense 
involved, or import something cheap 
from the non-Japanese parts of the Far 

Even the usual bevy of scantily-clad 
models, almost de rigeur for the 
dynamic exhibitor in previous years, 
had dwindled sharply. 

Equally, the sombre mood of the 
Show did not lend itself to many 

One company hired the actress 
Stephanie Lawrence and a £3 million 
diamond to show its “flawless” 
product. Another booked the BBC 
RadioActive Roadshow, perhaps to 
prove that although advertisers still 
cannot go to the BBC its shows can at 
least come to them. 

Whereas during the past two years 
producing products that are compatible 
with IBM’s personal computer stan- 
dard has dominated shows, this is the 
year of picture-based operating sys- 

Ironically, these systems, which 
provide pictures and symbols of 
computer functions in an attempt to 


By Matthew May 

make them easier to use, were 
pioneered on the Apple Macintosh 
computer which refused steadfastly to 
sell in the quantities expected. 

With picture-based systems seen as 
one way of overcoming what manufac- 
turers see as customers' intransigence 
in refusing to buy more microcomput- 
ers, so many companies have jumped 
on the bandwagon that Apple can no 
longer reap the benefit. 

Elsewhere at the exhibition several 
packages were on show for the current 
runaway success in the “serious-com- 
puiing-at-home” market, Ams trad's 
£459 business computer. So far it has 
been sees chiefly as a word processor - 
the software for it is included in the 
purchase price. 

The problem for software developers 
is price. Cusiomers.who have paid less 
than £500 fora system will be unwilling 
to pay the several hundred pounds that 
some software packages can command 
for micros that cost £2,000 to £5,000. 

But for Amstrad these are the 
problems of success and the company is 
rumoured to he getting ready to enter 
more directly into competition against 
the established business micro manu- 

Pictare-based software; One way of making computers easier to use 

facturers with the launch of an £800 
IBM-compatible personal computer. 

Alan Sugar, managing director and 
chairman of Amstrad, now looks all set 
to replace Sir Give Sinclair, who is no 
longer acceptable as the luminary of the 
micro revolution and perhaps reflects 
the increasing importance of shrewd 

marketing rather iha^ technical 

Mr Sugar won an award for 
personality of the year at the show. The 
judges were impressed by Mr Sugar’s 
“professed aim to make information 
technology available to everyone". He 
could succeed. 

Hi-tech makes a US touchdown 

Q] As the American football 
season reaches its dimax 
with the Super bowl final 
next Sunday, RICHARD 
PAWSON looks at how 
computers are moving into 
the gridiron game 

To some outsiders, American 
football is a mindless game - a 
contest of brute force at best, 
brutality at worst. But to the 
growing ranks of British fans 
Channel 4's Sunday-night audi- 
ence has grown from two 
million to four million in just 
one season, the appeal is at least 
as intellectual as it is physical. 

Each play of the ball is as 
premeditated as a chess move, 
so it is hardly surprising that 
computers are playing an 
increasingly important role in 
the game, from training to 
televised presentation. 

Computers are perhaps most 
prominent in the commentary 
box, where revered commen- 
tators such as John Maddon use 
the CBS Chalkboard (a video 
effects computer) to trace the 
manoeuvres of individual play- 
ere for the instant replays. An 
impressive, array of. statistics 
can be recalled to the screen: 
how far a player can carry the 
ball in this game, in this season, 
or in his entire career. 

Such statistics are compiled 
on a mainframe by the organiz- 
ing body, the National Football 
League (NFL), but it is not 
uncommon for local dubs to 
run their own minis - such as 
the Minnesota Vikings on DEC 
11/780. This might sound like 
an expensive idea until you 
consider that the combined cost 
of a team's protective padding 
is more than $ 100,000 (about 
£70,000) and that top players' 
salaries exceed Si million a 

Individual teams compile 
their own statistics, not so much 
for the hall of fame, but to 
identify weaknesses in their 
own tactics, as trends in the 
strategy of their opponents. Die 
New York Jets recently aban- 

doned their mini, in favour of 
IBM's ATs, XTs and Compaqs. 

The portable opens up the 
possibility of computers on the 
playing field - well, on the 
sidelines at any rate. With 
injuries playiDg a major role in 
American football, and sports 
medidne becoming increasingly 
complex, databases of players* 
medical records and possible 
treatments are becoming essen- 

. But it is .the . coaches who 
make best use of the microcom- 
puters: almost all NFL players 
are recruited from the American 
college and university leagues, 
so that scouts for the Denver 
Broncos now use portable 
computers equipped with 
modems to compile data on 
potential recruits and file it 
back to base. 

Even the amateur teams in 
the UK are taking up the idea, 
spurred on by a £1.5 million 
sponsorship from Budweiser to 
establish a national league. 
Mark Carter, an ICL program- 
mer, who functions as a 
defensive back for the Thames 
Valley Chargers in his spare 
time, keeps the dub’s record on 
an ICL PC. 

He said: “I can feed in the 
statistics of our opposition 
before the game, and identify 
potential weak spots in our 
defence, for example.'' 

US football addicts with 
access to an IBM PC can try 
their own hand ax quarter 
packing or managing with the 
aid of NFL Challenge - a very 
high quality simulation of the 
game, based on data from the 
1984 season. 

PC World magazine in the 
US recently persuaded Joe 
Montana, quarter back for last 
year's champions, the San 
Francisco 49ers, to take on its 
reviewer in a computerized 
rematch of the SuperbowL 
Montana was apparently im- 
pressed with the realism of the 
game, which features named 
players, injuries and high 
quality animation - proving the 
point with a 13-3 win. 

But if artificial intelligence 
makes the mark expected of it, 
even the jobs of the coaches 
could be in jeopardy. Expert 
systems are now being devel- 
oped jo predict what a team is 
most likely to attempt in a 
given situation: nine yards from 
the goal line, will the players 
run with the bail or pass it? 
Such aids may well be disal- 
lowed by the NFL, however - in 
the same way that teams are 
allowed to use instant-print 
cameras during a game to 
analyse play, but not video. 

How long before the science- 
fiction scenario of sport played 
entirely by robots becomes fact? 

The magic box on the Cabinet table 

The quick march of computer 
c ' elution can best be illustrated 
if! paint an imaginary picture. 
Supposing that in the course of 
the next decade computer 
manufacturers eliminate the 
teething troubles that inevitably 
beset the introduction of new 
and intricate equipment. By 
that time o final advance will 
have taken place in the field of 
voice recognition, so that 
computers will be able, not only 
to illuminate the screen of a 
word processor but to recognize 
a human voice and to mimic it 
when answering. 

Hence there will be occasions 
when it will not be necessary' to 
use die screen of a word 
processor in order lo communi- 
cate with the new computer. 
The advance publicity will 
dwell on the fact that no 
invention of the twentieth 
century lias the dazzling ability 
to ihink for itself, to be 
intelligent and above all to 
possess brain enough to solve 

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• Major General Leslie de 
Malapert Thmllier, assistant 
secretary in the Cabinet 
Office from 1958 to 1967, 
concludes his forecast on the 
impact of high technology on 
10 Downing Street 

the world’s greatest problems. 

The bureaucrats in Whitehall 
will fall over themselves in their 
haste to install machines which, 
at a stroke, are going to simplify 
their daily labours. I can do no 
marc than concentrate on the 
manner in which Cabinet 
business may be conducted . . . 

The 52nd Prime Minister 
enters the Cabinet room fol- 
lowed by the secretary to the 

In the middle of the Cabinet 
table, between two glass candle- 
sticks, a small casket reposes on 
a square of green baize. A grey 
cable disappears over the far 



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edge of the table. The casket 
contains the fifth-generation 
computer with its ability to 
think intelligently but to be 

The Prime Minister gives it a 
sour look, an expression of 
distaste for the task ahead. At 
11 o'clock, the usual cabinet 
starting time, the computer is 
switched on. It has been 
programmed to offer solutions 
to important matters. 

From the computer the voice 
of the Prime Minister says: 
"Good morning. Prime Minis- 
ter. I am ready to answer jour 
first question. Pray proceed.” 

The Prime Minister turns to 
his secretary’ and says: “I am 
not going to stand for this," and 
rises . . . but on second thoughts 
sits down again, determined to 
see this exchange through to the 
end. And so the question and 
answer session between man 
and silicon-man goes ahead. 

Seismic consequences 
for government offices 

There is nothing for the 
secretary to the Cabinet to do. 
He knows that the session will 
be recorded in the memory of 
the computer: 

If he shuts his eyes he could 
be pardoned for believing that 
the Prime Minister was com- 
muning with himself, answering 
his own questions. When the 
Cabinet meeting is over, the 
Prime Minister rises and stalks 
out muttering to his secretary: 
"You are not going to inflict 
that on me again.’* 

There is reality enough in 
that rfi filing little cameo to 
show that the arrival of a fifth- 
generation computer on the 
world stage could have seismic 
consequences for the Cabinet, 
for ministers and for those who 
work in the Cabinet Ofice. 

How mud) reality is there in 
my fictional scenario? It is idle 
to’ pretend that 1 can lightly 
dismiss predictions of the 
Olym plans of the computer 
world that thinking, intelligent 

but soulless computers will 
emerge within a decade. 

Equally . I cannot lightly 
dismiss intuition which whis- 
pers that the day of a computer 
in the Cabinet room is not - 
cannot ever be - nigh. 

I know that before any 
computer is allowed into the 
Cabinet room the secretary to 
the Cabinet will be given the 
task of recommending its 
introduction. Privately he may 
be appalled at the prospect of a 
small talking bagatelle usurping 
the functions of a Cabinet in 
plenary sessions . . . but cannot 
produce evidence enough to 
refute its introduction. All is 
lost. I recommend that he (or 
she) follow a straightforward 
course of action. 

As soon as these new 
computers come off the pro- 
duction line he should persuade 
the Treasury to give him the 
money to buy one. He should 
put to it a series of simple 
questions, preferably in public. 

First he should read the 
computer those four lines of 
poetry from Robert Blake's 
Auguries of Innocence: 

To see the earth in a grain of 

And Heaven in a wild flower 
To hold infinity in the palm of 
• my hand 

A nd eternity in the hour 

Then he should ask this 
thinking computer to unlock 
the secrets of the poet's vision. 
Can it tell us, he should ask. 
how the earth can be seen in a 
grain of sand and how infinity 
can be held in the palm of a 
hand. If it cannot, and I am 
supremely confident that it will 
not be able lo do so, then there 
can never be a place for it on a 
square of green baize in the 
middle of the Cabinet table. 

It is the year 2025. The 
morning light filters through the 
french windows into the Cabi- 
net room. The Prime Minister 
interrupts the gentle banter of 
his ministers and brings them to 
order to begin a Cabinet 

Setting a new standard 
for a sterling sign 

By Mark Needham 

A few frustrating hoars spent 
trying to display a pound sign 
on a microcomputer or on a 
printer shows that the British 
market Is not always high on the 
priorities of US and Japanese 

iiWTiirfapfifrft f which 

the business micro world. 

The problem is. one of. 
conflicting standards. Most of 
the keys on a keyboard have a 
standard numeric code number, 
which is used by all microcom- 
puter manufacturers. The letter 
“A” , for example is always 
represented by the number 65. 

As you would expect from a 
character set that is called die 
American Standard Code for 
Information Interchange (AS- 
CII) the dollar sign also has a 
standard code, number 36. 

The pound sign has no 
universally agreed code number. 
On many systems the pound 
sign shares number 35 with the 
hash sign. This frequently leads 
to hash signs appearing where 
pound signs were intended. 

To avoid this problem, some 
manufacturers have picked a 

separate, unoccupied code 
number for the pound sign. In 
later releases of -the operating 
system for the IBM PC, code 
number 156 has been reserved 
for the pound. 

Most printer manufacturers, 
induding Epson, have adopted a 
different system. Their printers 
contain different character sets 
for different nations. When the 
British character set is in nse, 
the pound replaces the hash 
sign by rising 35. 

On the earliest printers the 
only way to' get a pound sign is 
to print a capital L, then a back 
space, the overprint the L with a 

minim sign. 

British users of the financial 
spreadsheet Lotus 1-2-3 had so 
much difficulty making a pound 
sign appear that one enterpris- 
ing company wrote . and mar- 
keted a cunning program to 
insert pound signs into" spread- 
sheets. -Unfortunately for them 
Lotus has at last turned its 
attention towards Europe and is 
advertising an unproved version 
of. Its product, which it says, 
supports European currency 

Japanese come back 
with extra muscle 

By David Gnest 
Japanese micro makers are 
coming out strongly for the 
second round in the battle for 
computer sales, after 

ing a Ions way behind on 
points in foe first. 

Seven Japanese suppliers - 
Epson, Fujitsu, Panasonic, 
Sanyo, Sharp, Sony . and 
Toshiba - gave the first public 
demonstrations of new business 
micros last week. Two of these 
announced an increased mar- 
keting effort in the UK, and two 
others - Canon and NEC - 
showed off enhancements to 
their current product lines. 

All but one of these nine 
companies have now fallen into 
step by recognizing the standard 
set by the IBM PC During the 
past three years the group bas 
achieved a total market share 
estimated at less than 15 per 
cent as buyers shied away from 
computers that would not 
operate the most popular 
software packages. 

But the Japanese are now 
back in the ' mainstream and 
they could prove to have a 
significant edge over the mass 
of IBM's imitators. They have a 
fine reputation for the quality of 
their engineering and they make 
the most of technology. 

Three of the new Japanese 
systems’ at the Which Com- 
putet? show were portables, two 
of moderate weight and one in 
the heavyweight class. Sharp's 
PC 7000 crams 3S4K ' of 
memory, two floppy disks, a 
backlit liquid display (LCD) 
and a keyboard into a package 
that weighs 16Ibs. 

The backlit LCD is easier to 
read than earlier unlit versions 
but neither is a patch on the gas 
plasma display installed by 
Toshiba on its T2100 and 

Toshiba has finally set up a 
marketing operation in Britain. 
Panasonic is also intent on 
promoting more of its own 
products rather then building 
them for other suppliers, and it 
was also showing off gas plasma 
display technology on the 251b 

miri • • .■ - 

• Tosh's new shiba: The 
portable 3100 chums the power 
or an IBM PC-AT. Using gas 
plasma technology for the 
screen provides a clearer picture 
than LCDs but uses too mot* 
power to run off batteries. Prices 
start at £3,200 with the AT 
version at £3,700 

Sony's SMC-210, launched a 
week earlier, has the same base 
price but much less weight at 
l libs. It offers more memory - 
640K - but less legi bility with a 
conventional LCD screen. 

Among the desk-top sup- 
pliers, Sanyo added the MBC- 
SS5 to its range and Epson 
showed the Text PC.. Both 
systems are PC-compatible and 
both will aim to make their 
mark with low prices. Ironi- 
cally. Sanyo is concerned about 
possible competition from 
cheap machines from Taiwan. 

The only major Japanese 
manufacturer that still has no 
taste for full IBM compatibility 
is Fqjitsu, which launched a 
multi-user system. It has taken 
the Pick operation system from 
the minicomputer environment 
and put it on to a system that 
will support six users for about 
£ 12 . 000 . 

The Japanese regard personal 
computing as a long-term 
prospect. The spectre of Japan 
Inc - may have retreated, but 
other suppliers face a battle of 

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Battle is on to win staff E / e ® d0 " n J°' 

electronic bingo 

By Ian Cheeseman 
British companies are fishing 
for computer talent in troubled 
South Africa. 

Major data processing users 
like Legal & General and the 
software house Hoskyns, are 
hoping to case their critical 
shortage cf skilled staff by 
recruiting from the Union. The 
current attractions for computer 
staff to leave South Africa is also 
causing prob- 
lems for their 
former em- 

< National, the 
former South 
African sub- 
sidiary of Bar- 
clays Bank, is 
running an 
campaign in 
issues of the 
British specialist press to try to 
attract 150 senior data proces- 
sing staff to Johannesburg for 
projects claimed to be three 
years in advance of anything 
being worked on in the UK. 

The campaign to attract staff 
to the UK is just one running in 
South African papers. There are 
also positions being offered in 
Australia and the United Slates 

for anyone who is willing to 
leave and start a new life and 
career overseas. 

Because of the depressed 
state of the South African 
economy the outflow of talent is 
only laldng effect slowly bur 
concern is mounting in the 

business community that the 
country will be left 'with no 
resources to recover in the 
event of an upturn. 

With inflation expected to 
reach at least 25 per cent this 
year and compulsory national 
service for 60,000 white 21 year 
olds every year, many immi- 
grants who have been in the 
country for 15 to 20 years are 



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leaving before their savings i 
become worthless or their sons 
axe called up. j 

This group are the senior 
managers - and technicians in j 
skill-orientated industries, and I 
pressure is being applied to the 
government in an a tempt to 
change taxation and citizenship 
regulations as an incentive for 
them to remain in the country. 

An added .source of concern 
to big business 
in South Africa 
is a piece' of 
called the 
Scientists Act” 
which has been 
passed but not 
enacted. The 
basis of the act 
is that most 
scientific, tech- 
nical or engin- 
eering projects can only be 
authorised for use by a highly 
qualified graduate practitioner 
of the applicable discipline: 

Companies in these fields 
fear that this wifi not only bold 
up critical tasks even more than 
usual but by taking responsi- 
bility out of the hands of 
competent but less qualified 
technicians will provide even 
more reasons to leave for an 
environment where they are 
allowed more technical free- 

One method used by the 
Pretoria government to restrict 
emigration is exchange control 
regulations which allow depart- 
ing residents to lake a maxi- 
mum of £15.000 with them. 

This has been no barrier to 
people responding to the pre- 
sent recruiting campaigns and 
response has been excellent 
according to a source on one of 
the papers carrying advertis- 
ments in Johannesburg. 

Even a drop in living 
standards has not slowed 
inquiries. The companies ad- 
vertising for staff to come to the 
UK are offering salaries of 
£14,000 to £25,000 almost half 
of what Barclays is willing to 
pay in South Africa where living 
costs are much lower. 

The move to recruit in a 
market where resources you 
need are looking for help to get 
out makes economic sense for 
UK companies. Some said they 
probably wouldn't even need to 
pay relocation allowances for 
returning South Africans. 

The driving force behind the 
initiative, however, is the 
shortage of staff in the UK. 

I CL has been given a £6 million contract to handle 
rltsin's first national electronic bingo game which 
mil allow up to a mtllton'players a night to take part 
As part of foe deal 800 bingo halls will Install ICL one- 
per-desk terminals connected to a national network 
for the simultaneous bingo game that win begin in the 

The national Bingo Association, including an the 
major bingo proprietors, considered rrfne companies 
for the contract Including IBM and British Telecom. A 
specially commissioned random number generator 
wHl produce foe numbers for the game which will then 
be distributed to the terminals every night of the year 
except Christmas Day. 

Plugging the drain 

B The acute shortage of computer specialists in 
parts of the public sector as they leave for mors 
lucrative jobs in foe private sector nas prompted the 
Treasury to offar Civil Service experts up to £2,000 a 

year in pay supplements. 

Allowances for higher grade posts would be 
increased to £1, OOP for staff wtth more than two 
year's experience and a further discretionary 
supplement of up to £1 ,000 could also be paid. 

A report published last week by management 
consultants Arthur Andersen and Hay-MSL said that 
the- National Health Service would have to 
substantially increase foe salaries of computer 
specialists if ft is to recruit enough experienced staff. 

A bigger bite 

H Amstrad has increased its share In the home 
computer market from 8 per oent In 1984 to 25 per 
cent last year, according to figures from market 
research firm International Data Consultants. When 
iDC's figures are finalised they are expected to state 

that home computer sales teR byoyer 25 .per cent 
from 1.5 mfllton In 1984 to 1.1 million In 1985, nearly 
half that of 1983. . 

Salas are considered to have been artifiaafiy boosted 
by foe sale of unsuccessful models dumped » 
knockdown prices with predictions for 1986 safes 
down to 800.000 machines. 

German superchips 

S Phffins, Europe's biggest electronics group, is * 
Ud a major plant In West Germany Jo produce a 
new generation of electronic miCTochips, -its mafe 
German subsidiary said- The DM3 Wflran (ggy. 
million) "superchtp* project being earned out jointly 
wtth West German electronics giant Siamsns, ts 
aimed at catching up with Japan and foe Drifted 
States in making foe tiny components, -vital fa 
computers and a wide range of other hlgn-technoiogy 

PhHlps win produce a chip able to store one rofltoru 
bits of Information - marry times greater than -Current 
chips - and Siemens a chip with capacity of four 
minion bits. " 

Gradual upturn 

■ US microchip makers reported steady gains, fer 
orders and shipments in December,, according, to-fa; 
Semiconductor Industry Association, it sa&iasewg 
be a "significantly better year”, for battered 
■ industry. But several chip manufacturers sald ttey 
expect foe recovery to be stow. The Industry trade 
group said average monthly orders for semiconduc- 
tors for foe three months to the eraf.of'Ofliewuber 
were $581 million (£401 million) up 9 per cent on if* 
three months to the end of. November.* Microchip 
shipments rose 14 per cent in December from ■ 

The microchip industry last year had its deepesr 
slump as both demand and prices -ptommeted. 
Several major manufacturers posted heavy tosses « 
1 985 and tens of thousands of workers lost their jobs.- 
Unlike earlier upturns which tended to be sharp, the 
current recovery Is said by semiconductor makers to 
be gradual. 

By Frank Brown 

Digital Equipment Corporation, 
the world's second largest 
computer manufacturer, and 
Comau, an Italian robotics and 
machine tool company that 
trained robots to make. Fiat 
Strada cars, are to collaborate in 
the potentially lucrative field 
of automated manufacturing 

The two organizations have 
formed a jointly-owned com- 
pany in Turin to desi^i 
and implement automation 
products and systems mainly - 
for the European market. 

The new company, called 
Sesam (Software e Sistemi per 
rAuLomazione Manufatturiera), 
represents an investment of $4 
minion, and has been set 
up to meet the rapidly-growing 
demand for computer-inte- 
grated manufacturing systems. 

Such systems link together all 
a factory's automated areas - 
robots, machine tools, etc - into 
a single computer-controlled 
network so that they function as 
a whole and .. improve pro- 
duction efficiency,.- in terms of 

output quality, utilizing mat- 
erials and resources, and in 
getting new products to the 
market as quickly as possible. 

The demand for computer- 
integrated manufacturing is 
considerable. Digital estimates 
that medium-sized manufactur- 
ing companies' in Europe spent 
S4.75 billion on factory auto- 
mation equipment last year - 
almost half on .equipment 
within Sesam’ s area of speciali- 
zation - and that such' expendi- 
ture will rise dramatically to 
more than $20 billion by 1990. 

Comau is a major supplier of 
robotics and flexible manufac- 
turing systems - production 
lines that can be readily adapted 
to produce new products. 

A subsidiary of Fiat, the 
Italian auto giant, it has 50- 
years' experience in the design 
and supply of machine, tools for 
the manufacture of metal parts 
for the automobile allied indus- 
tries. The bulk of its output fa 
exported worldwide, its equip- 
ment being used in most US 
and European vehicle plants* 
including -those': of-jFordr- and- 
General Motors. 

Recently, General.- Motors 
acquired a stake in Comau's US 
subsidiary in. Detroit which. i& 
involved in GMTs multi-bifliorv 
dollar Saturn car project. -- 

Digital is one of the com- 
panies selected by General 
Motors to develop networking 
products to the Manufacturing 
Automation Protocol the inter-, 
national de facto data- com- 
munications standard for auto- 
mation drawn up by GM to 
enable different vendors’ equip- 
ments to “talk’' to each other . 

One result has been an 
industrial local-area networking . 
system called Base way which is , 
now in use in more than 70 GM 
plants, and rapidly being 
adopted -by other major manu- 
facturing companies in the US. 
and Europe. 

The two companies are : 
already working together on an 
Esprit programme together whir 
Renault Automation of France 
developing , software that, wiff 
“automate” the development of' 
applications software for opti- 
mizing plant productivity, par- 
ticularly^ fol-sm&if -batch maqo.-- 

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*2v'25 ( 


By StuartJones, Football Corespondent 

e. ** ® *?■ *em €ould be required by regain his fitness exposed a flaw 

Su’Pq*-. . tiiaT ^ubs aswelL Of ifc;u<ut mEngfaUKTs SnSS and 

C hlp S £? ^tiyassembledjiW.pany espedS^in the^^enfrf 

■ ^ ??** 'SSS^ 5"^ ^ ^ ® about to S^rected. to 

• • . /'’•'•■ J£ dnbs no.lonffT on other pi the September a rehabilitation cen- 

• "•■ ■ - ; Beid andBryan Robson the home of the- School of 

-■ ' *& i*SJS. *““*'“*■ 

•"*££> weekend- , Woods, Norwich midfield players who win «ive' v 60 ^ r0 ^ ldcd PI 

.,.. ^saeasasas sS^-S sSSla 

"■ i^s. StilrSi-SrSt^ KfiSSSSKStK 


'*■■. ’ ;:>? ta. one of three newcomers, to be must also return from Bennuda 

.,..‘^•^1 indited; - are the only two "'• - • • • • : - •• • 

representatives who are sure to eim lun ^ 

.* “** 

Hatdey and Wilkins are still (* nMra &. Q Stevens CErenon), k 

->=, ., caught in'AC Milan’s power 

‘S. ^ F«™icfc (QP^S 

hofrn, . t hg r ma n ag e r , is willing wmdns (ac -MmH,. n Hoad* 

^LfMTi>* ‘ajrnge flk^m from tko (TottSflKarnl T ‘ ffltrai— ■ IBnartnn^ 1 Q 

. - .• • ----- ----- charge and with three assistants 

jjM QfcAHP. SQIIADe SMBan will be able to treat up. to 50 

to excuse them from the itaifow 

decision can be^deen until a. (EvwStL ne^sary ^attention to those 

new 'cab president is elected, woodcock (Arsenal). r TTstoilslej suffering from major ailments. 
Ms JjjK Uidess lhat. takes .place -before £*<”«”*».£ W adAs (Tottonhsm). 3 With the help of the Football 
Friday^.two replacements will: Bime * ‘ Watf “‘ 3 >- League and the Professional 

il 1, besimuncftiea..." ’ . .V : . _ ■ . ™. 1 . Footballers’ Association, all 

Tbe other.18 members of the where he will be on tour with players are to be covered, by 
party could be ruled out -by. New castle Unit ed, comes in -for BUPA and we hope the unit 
domestice cup replays and absent Francis. ...... wiU become one of the leading 

Ted Croker, the secretary of. 
iSSL^JS^ ^ FA, pointed out that “club 
fiMn* (AC JNRw), fl . Hoddto physiotherapists are so involved 
'ottanham), T '. Stevon (Evarton), * S with mmn r ^ipMlt iB f Vtfgiy «fay 

ttet they cannot give the 

‘ particularly. Anderson, Butcber, Bryan Robson, England's centres in the world”. 

- IW Dixon, Bodge, Stewart, Rob- captain, was surprisingly not „ 

■ ; son,' Sanrom -and Woodcock, considered, even though he may 

’ Their -dubs, .Arsenal, Atou return from his special treat- 

' ' Villa, Qhdsea; and Ipswich 1 'ytent m a Dutch sports dime to , a /, so i „,°f r n ? 

Town, are -involved m both . ^ ad . Manchester United at SSSS^ 

_ competitions this week, the fifth Sunderland on Saturday: “He 

rOundof the Milk Cup and the 1188 B*® 11 out for 14 weeks,” problem. He may havero cross 
hr] T)» fourth round of the FA Cup. Bobbjr_Robson explained “and S^^tend 1 ^ 

HQ Si jo Robson, who wffl at least eve* if be does play at Roker m ^ n w 

U *■ know Fenwick's fate by tomor- T 1 ^ hc ^ wake up the next 

^ownighthas prepared a Kst of* 1 “oriung feeOng as though he to hnn but 

J;r ^sl %f replacements. It includes X>av- *»• been hit by a bus. You also to each other. 
r. :pp, *tt enport, who wiU have .10 cut caunot be out for that long •Doug Sharpe, Swansea City’s 

. short hiS 'stay id Bermuda 'with without being troubled initially former ehairTnan, is ready to 

; r ’iAt; Nottingham Forest^ Watson, of ^ bumps and bruises. He will put up £200,000 of his own 


and Ft 

r : <« 
. •* ‘IJIlttfc 

•' :: •' Can : 
' :r- k a 

- \tz 

■ ■i’S.'.Hd 

: T£t j 

certain to be fit. seme back into the Umted side 

E ngland ’s manager may be , anc i look forward to our next 
leftwith no other choice but to match in Israel next month"; 
promote ' a. host of under-21 That Bryan Robson bad .to 
m temalionqla.: y«t' at least hwif travel to The Netherlands .to 

settle back into the .United «de if another consortium of ex- 

and look forward to our next directors bands over £100, 000 
mat ch in Israel next month”: * raised to save the dub and 
That Bryan Robson bad .to relinquishes all financial 
travel to The Netherlands to interest. 

' * S.. . fl V. T - ; 

4 \ . >fV. ► 

** '<» . • ..—A * •" * 

Stewart Robson: could provide a cutting edge 

Restart Virtues and vices of Egypt 

to World . Comparison* may be odious; they 
* can sometimes be fnstrnctive. Hus. 

Cup on TV HM'aftMfis woru> { 

ilie BBCaiid 1 TV win saeen 15 FOOTBALL' 

^ «»»»««. i. Brian GlanvBIe 

. Comparison* may be odious; they 
can sometime* be batractite. Thus, 
England play Cairo hi Egypt next 
week, knowing that their World Cop 
opponents, Morocco, drew there 0-0 

hours of live football between them fgrat from the tournament. In 
m the first reond of the World Oip . April, after they have played host i* 
in Mexico. The two companies the African Nations Cap, Morocco 
'■“is; yesterday announced their plans for fare * ^ - m BeUast against 
: ii- to* group matches and . confirmed ' Northern Ireland, who jmve&Hdand 
-ru that aU the gomes involving two anch difficult t" 

St- 1 th1 ? C ?5i en ^ rS 7 ^ World Cap qoaitfyingrompriithat 

tel, Scotland and Northern Ireland Eevnt m nM on to seme 

„ --JS; Wi S^TSom man. 

Four of the matches start atl I pm themselves, they era —fa—* a 
’-■~I British rime, the rest at 7pm. There penalty in Morocco, 'which would 
la wiB be- do- program ming-clashes in. . givetf thmh the ldtd. IWy cai 

the fim round because the BBC and ,kn he toy harsh at la Jab. 

[TV -have shared the matches 1984, th^ had a sarage enconw^ 

between them. . : with Italy in the Pasadena Rose 

Coverage starts with the BBC Bowl, m P h.> which had nothing 

showing the first match of- the about it of the Olympic spiriL One 
- .tonmameot - Italy, the holders, itaUae and no fewer than three 

• • • ^^saiPStBulgariainMe^co Pjy- Egyptians, Sedky. Nahfl and Isnrnfl. 

; . «rSSon^S^lS2ta tS& ^re sent off in the second halt *& 

Jm s ppm): Mcrthem iratadv for atrocums fools. . 

Jura 3 nipmfc BnBhnd v Pcrti^sl (MCj. The*, is skill in the Egyptian 

SwfM atsMir-rjrs 

_ Nonhem Mind » Spain (HVi- Sunday. Junn B Wales, wfll tempt their e\ erases . 

Pirn): ScoOwtt .v Wst . Gammny (BBC), th ruhtm YonsseL frw l»fc 

wSdnesdey, Juns 11 (llpmt England v Poland _^T !T .. TIT? . v. 

/ fBBcTlfSrsdw. Jm .12 (7po* Nortfnm . w*per,4s «n elegant p layer , wlio 

rand V BratflBBCL F=riday, Juw 13 (npm): has finished second and joint third 

Gcoiiand * Uruguay tmQ. 

• Television may be beading for . ■ ' __ 

another dilute with the Football OVERSEAS LEA 

League over the bal an ce between . • 

,ivc AMEMTDfc ArgmOno* Jnnlort 3. Indspwt- 

^ get together to discuss next seasons <*,*, i ; 1^,0 cSiSosatt i. Dmortra Spix* 

contract ft PWbom I, QhmHda Emrinm La M ft 

There has been further evidence. TvSwSfi 1 -' Va ^ 

. from the return of football on KnieSj ToSi STSh- 
television, that viewers are' dis en - : (Cofdotiai ft EMi ans Da la PWa 1 , 

chanted with recorded highlights, chacutm >mm 1; San Laraoxo Da Afcna^o 

ThatvriHforoetbeWcoi^Sto ^5 ft Ura ft Korn* a. 

press for an increase in live games bmtbcM ironem 3. Charfaro* v. Anwarp i. 

the African Nations Cup, .Morocco n»a wpan mgitwni gaus »nn q 

have a match in Belfast against a model of srartsmanshin. bv all 

Northern Ireland, who gave In the Use two polls for African sportsmans tip, by 

two aneb difficult gaum in _ foe Playo- of the Year. Not hmg ago be On Friday the opera baffa of 


game, and he may not ton befit for out of the 

the Nations Cep fa«k in March. _ m 

BeUast however, should see him Paol/AniTtO 
and England can dqpbdess expect to X CLIill lll 1 
confront him in Monteney. ° 

■ H * ^S^ cen J^S! 8 f ® Ipswich Town WiU be without 

2* ^L 00 ^ midfield player, Nigel Gleg- 

adroit. veraatfe.efcirfTe pUyer who horn , for ronig hrs hSt C% 

quaner-final at Uveipool. Gleghorn 
***” ° r sportsmanship, by aU a sloniacb musc ic during the 

“STFriday the rani tmffa or 'l 0 81 Southampton, and is 

Rora’s b!Sy^iSd%S« S likdy to nu^ the FA Qip-tie at 

T.-i- .. r. ...iiimfui West Ham Untied on Satnrdav. 

ww Romeo Zondervan is stall not yet 

president of Roma who admits that buiTan b ^SI 

he handed 100 lire toa third “““f- . b “ l ““ Alkms ' wbo. bas 
party in an attempt to “fix" M ">*re d the last seven matches wuh a 

Cm. French referee of the fiacture - 15 ,n 

second lea E urop ean Cup semi-fiital conlcnuon. 

. There is a doubt about the 

had an operation on - his knee In Roma’s b riber y r asm n es in 

yn gfanJ and there is always 
measure of donbt abont 1 

have giViir them the lauLTWycaS untflreceiilly was maMRing the Port p^ty in an attempt to "fix" M 

also be very harsh at times. In Jaly, Said dnh. daertbes the deep lyta* Vanfrot, French referee of the S^?i on f fiacture ’ » »“ 

1984, they had a savage encovater ceatre4erward, Kalih, 27 yeus old, second leg European Cup semi-final j, 0 •_ . , . . 

with Italy in the Pasadena Rose a* “the most lnteffipat player in of April 1984, between Roma and TJ2LJ p^i 

Bowl, a game which had nothing Egypt" He was one of no fewer *an Dundee United. Viola alleges that 

about it of the Olympic spirit One half a doica &typdanplayc>a oted be offered the money in an attempt SS vn^, 

• * Rome when the Italian FA summon 
bu before them Senator Dino Viola, 
perrideat of Roma who admits that 

Oscar Arce, the Argentine who be handed 190 mOHon lire to a third 

about it of the Olympic spirit One balf a dozen Egyptian players cited he offered the coos 
Italian and no fewer than - three in the African Golden Ball poll. The to discover a “Mr 
Egyptians. Sedky, Nahfl and lanafl. team have an able goalkeeper m did not take place. 

aged 20. who has made tny senior 

were sent off in the second hail, afl BataL 
for atrocious fouls. . ’ . Note t 

There is skfil in the Egyptian *» J*7 

team too. however, and no donbt compUshed 

itaL - The most . astonisbing European 

Note that ft® Goldea Ball was remit of the weekend was the 9-0 
m ‘by _« Moroccan, the ac- defeat of Bordea m c in Monaco, 


appearances this season, is included 
in a squad of 14. 

Liverpool player-manager Kenny 
Dalglish, does not mind if be sits on 

player, where Gesghini, the international the bench all season, as long as lan 

Mike Smith, fonneriy manager at Mohamed TraoamL Alas, a nasty player, scored four against Rush and Paul Walsh continue their 

Wales, wfll tempt their excesses, kick on the anile in November in the champions. Bordeaux's manager lethal goalscoring partnership. 
Ibrahim Yoossef; file Z s mafck Cairo, playiag for Us Aim * *•*** ***** *** coald Only three weeks ago Walsh was 

»w«p«.l. » .IWLCt PUT", -b- ■ ft. AM«i &, i^gfa. bb colhpmig d^i ton™ ^ J3lR™ 

has finished second end joint third for ctata, has kept Mm otd of the psychologically like that; the ^ going l k ro ^T ^ 

r, : fe — ah^M t pUy«v, wh o iirter imagine hla aide rofoiprig dropped for two games and Rush 

mhed second and jonrt third for dabs, has kept Mm out of the psychologically like that; the ^ Thmuch the innnt 

psychologkaDy like that; the 
goalkeeper Dropsy.. another French 

was going through the leanest 
scoring period of his meteoric 


AMENTWh Argwtfnos -Juntas 3. tatapw IWXClt tanuy ft Brett ft SochaK ft TT" Tmrv ^ , ^ 

Bmtt 1; Ftm Cwrtomaj. Pmaywjpwta Amm ft SOmtaoura ft Btodr i; atm 1. PJ™. , “ J®? knocks picked Up m the >1 

ft pmanw 1. amnwta Btytaa la Pam ft ToiSoum 1; Parts SWnKSwnw* a. Mea ft v “«“ *“ "J* ™ * “ league win over West Ham. 

Tflinpwlev 1, vote Swdtad ft mttuip Nantm 0, MwssBm ft ttawco 9. Bordaaux ft with the dkddest Bend Schuster (a 

gtaaotM)j. Newags Q« Bcgsft waacnwft Tans^t , lb »4{To><oo ftiawt ft ttaraft la mar against Osasnah) this week. Ipswich are third from bottom, 

ttarts B#' u'Phta 1, OormakiM pdnta; S. NwmsSft 3, Borttaua J®** 1 T^ W *J*^ bul ^4 sh -1 feds H V ? P0< ^ COU,d ** 

cap^ said that be could not sleep all am*,-. Now the pendulum has 

n, K? t , . __ _ _ swung the other way with each 

Barcelona, beatin* Osasnaa 1-0 scoring five goals in as many games, 
with a goal by Caldor, made up a Dalglish expects both men to shrug 

Nmim 0,1 

awButtt Juntas 1; San Loraozo 0s Abnepo 

That will force tbe TV companies to ‘^Su^Ltaa s. Una ft Koctflk 4. BglhUb msm o, ttapoa ft AmSho i. 
pimforanincafeasein Hvegames Basrechotl-fflantS.CtartweifrAniwapi. 
next season, the issue which 

d eadlocked talks for five months 1 araf3 , »m<ta?uSo« ft lma*b pmUmme i. Jtmntu 29 point*: ft 

earUerthis season. . - •- ™ itans^ftNmoWz. . 

m W 

A v* H 


eariier ihis season. ‘ . 

■ Jonathan Martin, the BBC’s 


1 . Brugw. 35 poWs; ft 

spokesman, said: yesterday: “We ^TuSm^SSta^, auhnwm* i 
had 7.X nriltion viewers for foe first ctawr- o, SpoiOna ft p*n«flsi ft Rrto ft 
live gmrie, Chariton v West Ham; . ccwVw i, Sms»i fr Braga ft Mmnms ft 
whieh'.«M «hnr on with the averace- SaJaugiros L MsttaB ft Am 0, Boavina ft 

for liVegarnes the. previous season. - uSShPmOhk i, BmOca. 29 pafeas; ft 
It wmLa gpood figure, co nsiderin g spcrtrvj. 2 a ft Potto, zr. . „ 

snooker on the other dumriri . Santana pledge 

'A T SS&-ZSSftS 

reinforce our worries abont re- IDan8 ^ r 

o fir 4 M i TiTaMlnTitc • Tisfi • umk* ma y^lgf dgy Juj.ivouJu not Ctlfln^C 

S^ch. Hi,W 9rt d CuP i 98a 

. The Ty'negotiators r, 

star against OsasunS) this week. Ipswich are third from bottom, 

(tamata'44p32; C Nwms 3ft ft Bordeaux , J®** 1 T** *““ w *^ but Rush feds UvrtpoM could be 

as. include Rideout and Cowans lost pressed. "It could be a hard- game 

ITALIAN: AMmta ft NapoS ft Amftw i. otfr *® P™™*’* last- mhnite panalty for two reasons," be says. "This is 
inwraztaiato ft Como 1. Varans ft Man i, in the Olympic Stadium against probably Ipswich’s only chance to 
Pqr an an * ft f j*? . 1 ! Jw gfa g 1; B oraa 2. Bwi Roma, having opened the score in win something this season and they 

o" the eleventh minute through Ptracd- won't forget that we beat them 5-0 at 
Rora» 24; 3, Hzvofrzi. ni. Graeme Souness scored Sampdo- Anfield back in AugusL" 

— TO _ L . ' ^ . rh’s opeaiug goal in a 94 win ova- Tbe three other Milk Cup 

Udlnese. Juratns needed a penalty quarter-finals are staged tomorrow, 
CaXz 1; Rati’Zwagoa 'i, Raw VsSadoie ft by Platini to draw their third with Aston Villa at home to 
Racing S»nc*nd« l.Raaf Madrid 1; Espwiui 1. ssccssshre amid, in Pfsa. Arsenal, Oxford entertaining Ports- 

caftaviBoftrandi ljSportngO^aw ijRMl mouth and Queen’s Park Rangers 

iStihitattaS RrtaGtaJfcfo Com- meeting Cb^ea in an all-SK 

31;3, ASadco Madrid, 27. xpondatt of tkt Swnday Times. duel at Loftus Road. 

Chance for 
to end Scots 

By Hugh Taylor 
Scotland have scored just five 
goals in iheir last eight inter- 
nationals, only one of which came 
from ihc foot of a recognized 
K forward. McAvenaie. lx is therefore 
not surprising that the manager, 
Alex Ferguson, will experiment with 
a variety of partnerships, in the 
preparatory World Cup match with 

Israel in Tel Aviv next Tuesday. 

He has recalled Charlie Nicholas 
after an absence of 10 months from 
the international scene bul it could 
be that the Arsenal forward who has 
regained tbe form which dazzled his 
admirers at Celtic Park will be 
regarded, in the absence of Sou ness 
and Dalglish’ as Scotland's most 
influential player. 

In an unfamiliar pool of 21 
play ers an nonced yesterday, there is 
die prospect of fascinating pairings 
hi a bid to solve the long-standing 
problem of inability to fi nish: 
Nicholas and McAvennie. of West 
Ham United: the sturdy Sharp, of 
Evenon, and the flashing Sturrock 
of Dundee United; or Sharp and 

Much will depend on Nicholas 
and the manager has high hopes that 
be will reveal again his quality after 
Ms period of decline. Ferguson said: 
jSf! “Nicholas is a different player now. 
He can start his international career 
again for 1 realize that he has 
adjusted to the perils of Jiving and 
-playing in London and is scoring 
splendid goals." 

Ferguson’s squad points to the 
way the manager is planning 
Scotland's playing in the heat of 
Mexico in the World Cup. “We will 
require players with good stamina 
and ability to play in more than one 
role. Indeed, this skill factor has 
become the most important aspect 
of our thinking", Ferguson added. 

■ For many reasons, several 

regulars are not avilable but it is 
as surprising that forwards of the 
calibre of Johnston, of Celtic, and 
McCoisu of Rangers, are not 

While Johnsonn has hardly been 
outstanding in a faltering Celtic 
team, many would have thought 
this was an excellent o pp or t unity to 
»e allow him to regain his touch in 

partnership with bis friend Nicho- 
las, while McCoist is the leading . 
ran scorer in tbe premier division, 
rl if which has provided no fewer than 
_ 1 6 of the party’s players. 

■ U a One of these is Levein. of the 

,U.C league leaders. Heart of Midlothian, 

, who is considered to be tbe best 

IMA young defender Scotland has 

111k produced for years. Levein has been 
° the main cog in Heart’s surge to the 
„ ... „ top and the fast youngster will be 

£jTr£2 brought on at some Stage of the 
MOV g^me in Israel because there 

i riMhnm remains a belief that the Scotland 
durinathe rearguard can be fruited for a lack of 
ion. ami is pa<x - 1x1 lhe “PF* 11 * hcal of Mexico, 

, the atMetic Levein could be tbe 


still not vet A new chance f aUs lo Narey, the 
. f distinguished midfield player who 

_i. h __ has been out of favour almost since 
keswitoJ the last World Cup. Narey has been 
' is in outstan <K n g >° the rise of Dundee 
" United, as bas Ban non, another 

about the Po^erfu* figure in the United side, 
who has a Israel, who were unfortunate to 
Halfrforth lose the 1982 World Cup qualifying 
two senior n* 31 ** played between the countries 
i« inrlurled in Tel Aviv, will give Scotland an 
ideal rehearsal for these formidable 
matches in Mexico and Ferguson 
iger Kenny wju not this ume be freed with the 
1 be sits on ^ tactical worry of whether to play 
long as tan ^ the British or in the continental 
itinue their W y 

sfoP- He has in players of the elegance 

Walsh was ° r Ben. McSiay. Strachan and 
and Rush Cooper the nucleus of a side which 
te leanest ran compare at least in style and 
meteoric control with any of the mighty rivals 
nlnn> has in the Scotland group. So the accent 
with «»-h on Tuesday will be on possession 
tny g?rn,-« football, just as it must be in the 
a to shrug Mexican sun. 

n the 3-1 SCOTLAIO SOUAD: J LaightBO (Abardun). C 
n me J-: Money (St Mrrafft A Oocam (OUivn AHSMiq, 

B Gottaw (Dundea Unftadl. M HMpna (Dundee 
UiSMT a Atbiston (Menchestw UratedL A 
a bottom. MeWMi (Aberdeen). W «er Aberdeen), J 
(Cette], D Nerev (Dundee Unttetft C 
Heart of MkSotraenL P M “ ‘ 

■ trairfiy for dio fourth liffle m,dl 

i The T^iSmatort m 

Cedz 1; Rati’Zwagoza i, ReN Vsiadoid ft by Platini to draw their third with Aston Villa at home to 
Cantendwi -Reel Madrid i;Eap«ion. — cc sw l ve match, fat Ptsa. Arsenal, Oxford entertaining Ports- 

*<- ?-*> a- 

3i;ft Adedoo Madrid, zr. tpoudent of tkt Swnday Times. duel at Loftus Road. 

Manchester United’s verdict may end one player’s despair 

Higgins out to show that he was 
a suitable case for treatment 

As sock me« 
tie between Me 

e l rS^ 0 ft?St^r 0nS Sp2n vmZ iccufartWd rro tie between iStar 1 
with the Ixague for next season. Sennined to repeat everything we Rochdale was a fririy 

planned then. Santana said, ee rwwon , maaiMe mal 
PA Trn-nhv draw " “Everyone who knows me is aware I Rochdale players and 
r A iropny oraw .. “ s jg ied foa(baiL It’s been W» who enjoyed their era! 

TWO' noUMk Scamorau^) or Southport v r lhat . on pW Hfe and I don't think I HmeBriiL Yet for one > 
&SS&JSSTSS^ Bra * should rtahge anything now." He United Mw Mmk Hi 
K autostart Att rt nc rtw n v tSshop said he would select more than ^22 former Evertoe captain, j 
AxManft Wycombe vLeeic RwccfnvBu-wn; rUavers. when he announces his aacesmpassed tint otam 
WtaWnfl^kmeital- tries lo be pteyed on on February 6. signifying that two years ( 

go, the FA Cup 
ster United and 


Paul Newman 

Saturday Jantnwy 25 wdess staled ; . . 

1 AraMdhv Roemhsm X Crra y Nore«mp 

X ManCv MHtad * 

tutm oe e pee w Aston Wav * AgJ® 

IMMft CMm v LKwpooi- 

(Suratayt dwrtuo * Back- 
bien; Iw v-Bdofron Lulon * gSSE 
Bristol Rcwars; Notts Cazdy v SSm 
Tattanbanb Peterborough v 
■Crtste; ReecRng v ; Bory; - '■ c 

1 CtMSftr.v T«qw , . 8otm«NMaJLAi*J 

X Crewe v Nontauptai . a Bfatuo » Br u m eg roee 
1 ExetervWwdmn. - x Brtdgoorfli v SnMge- 
1 Manefletd v «tarrix< 1 Coventry Sp v MMOek 

IM or comma: Cotawsterv 1 QtaateMer v Auehdan 

Tranmera (Htft rtlWxto ev t LefcotaU * Qrarthwn 

Heniepoak: . Scunthorpe ^ , v EuBooCM 

Southend (RWajf; 

prwton (Friday).- 

ncmwB, memorable mainly- to the 
Rochdale players and sapportera 
who enjoyed their evening in the 
ifmeHght. Yet for one Manchester 
United player, Mark Higgins, the 
former Everton captain, its inqport- 
ance-smpassed tint of any cap final, 
signifying that two you* of physical 
and mental anguish were over. 

Football is often accused, fre- 
quently by people who ah oo ld know 

betrer, of bring money nod hs 
perquisites more than their sport. A 
gross, exaggeration b m a ny instance 
es, it docs not stand up for a moment 

with wi ygfue- u usnssmlng, open 

■tan whose happiaess at prorhag he 
can play again made a knee ligament 
injury, sustained dx ahmtw from 

Football Association have 
r lit, f*rb*r rdaxed tbe restrictions on Mill wall's 
-to Buxton to be near hlsfrtoCT mveDing supporters. Despite Satur- 

A visit to a n o t h er specialist, tn day's inddenl in udnch supporters 
Loudon this tune, proved more Q f ^ London dab were alleged to 
frmtfoL lie doctor at last discover- anacked Newcastle United 

lo g tears m tbe "PPef p eine mns cle^ followers at a motorway service 
Higgins had another operation and station. Mill wall supporters will be 
after spending six months resting allowed on the tenaces at Villa Park 

J Belt (Aberdeen), E Samoa (Dundee „ 

G Soacfaan (Manehattar Urtod), II MacLeod 
(CeWcL C McMaa (Araenaft F McAvwvde 
(West Ham), O Sharp (Everayi), P Shared: 
(Dundee tinted). D CoopwlRangera). 

• Jason Baft, tbe Arsenal midfield 
player, will captain Wales in iheir 
E uropcan youth championship 
qualifying match against Northern 
Ireland at Wrexham next Tuesday. 
SQUAD: 4 Bel (Araanaft J Gunner. A Price, G 
Abrahams. K WMtar. R Morpn, T O'Connor 
at Cerdtt Ctty), D Moroan (MUwaD), R 
rraemone (Newport Corny). T Baay. P 
Burrow*. K Aixnws (at) Sw*neea Cay). I 
Roberta (WattadV A Ctamant AMmMedon). P 
Lewis (Lulon Town). S O-Shaugbnany 

FA relax 
ban on 

began jogging to keep fit. 

on Saturday for the FA Cup fourth 

Higgins: loves his game 

To Ms surprise he found he felt so round match against Aston Villa, 
pain and returned to the specialist Last season’s riot at Luton Town, 
who agreed that be could attest try Millwall were told that they would 
more strenuous training and see a only be allowed to have tickets 
his body would stand up to it. As for away FA Cup matches, but Villa 
this season drew dot, Higgins jo irie< i MiHwafl in asking the FA to 
appro ached Everton, but his sue- relax thrmlc. 

SSfeSoTaMy Kendall tMd hS • County^ hops of upsei- 

that Everton’* defensive weds were If 55S^ I ?^ tSPUr “c J®*? A 

Cup at Meadow Ean#» on Saturday 

SSSSEUI i Merthyr v EunooCOd fajwy, sustained rix minutes fron position Ui m and was appMntod Manchester United were more sunen M » s fp? us M” * yesterday 
to# sioaqjctty... .. time, which has pat him otrt far a dnb captain in succession to Mike They alhraned Hlgg iitg ws ™ te! 

appointed fB MShSer United were more suBered a sotous Wow yesteiday 


^ I Shanm Urttod v Derby; x Baft * F kkblw 
A SheflMdVtodneidayv Orient; X Cteenlwm v Bmwt 

Sundartand * ftttndwW 1 gifleM v Wjpanoe 
Aftrtncham ' -1 Weymouhyaaftort 

nmavnoN ' hui tvabtleagug 

JW eo cragtoto Oxtad v % SriJCS.rtne 
Cmwrtry. X Gstahoro y.Mcreceitoe 

1 Gateehead v SLhwpi . 
SECOND OMSKJff \ HunvicO V Buxton 

Mel on C My co*: Bradford v 1 Hyds v. Bangor . 

Futwrr CryCN Pataoe v f Rhyf v Uatlock 
ttawfcft. i Southport .v Caarrur 

1 worWngtoa v Gooi* 
Tt9K} DtVtSXXt 1 WgrtoV Mosttoy- 

% Bolton « Wabafl 

1 Bristol C v CbrdHT ... . SOOTWWniEn 

Not on eoupanc Bradford v x Bsdmdb v 6oqxvt 

i sffl’us s. rtssisra* 

1 BSwritad v Worthing 

1 Bognor v Stougtr 

2 CerahoRon v Epacra 
X Toadng v Narrow 

X WMi msto wr y Hrigstonian 


- THIRD ROtli© " 

■1- Abo rt ee n v -Morttnaa 
t AMto v Ptauc ' 

2 Bora** v.Aloi 

1 CtyOter* v FrtOk - 
.1 -DMKtoiU v Morton 

2 EsttRto v StMbran 
1 Hearts v Raraws 

1 MottHnnB iBmtti . 

farther three -weeks, a -minor Lyons. As the aide, after some early to train with them and then, since ^ 3 ^ artu f : ^ cheekbone. Sims, 

IncoveaSence. hiccups, began to form a c m re n t progress was good, took him qo ” $ n ^ er . Leicester City and 

“Of coarse, Ito dSsappointed," be p o we r fu l unit, Higgins’s dismays as a non-contract player on a three- Waterford defender, suffered the 
id. “But at the same Tm earned him «™mtfowe as a potentfrl . ltwwriK triaL depressed fracture of his right cheek 

pM “But at the mw time Tm earned him wra ri a M as a potential months trial! depressed fracture of his right cheek 

defighted. After being oct for tm England centre halL He m sx^essMly through a Satnrii, y’ s 3 " 1 al Card}ff 

ye^, what’s another three weeks? Kggm s, ho wever, waa not to SLSr SSSL Cily - 

*Tva seen some s p cri a B stt, had egjoy the triumphs as Everton went the Con tie was • Sheffield Wednesday’s captain, 

tfoee^ontim and not been given an to fimr enp fiaafo and the tarn 100 p« cart fit by United’* doctor Hart, is oul of Saturday's FA Cup tie 
era the hint foot X might ettx pbey dtamptooship m the tonne after a conrerebaisjve stfll against Orient on Saturday and he 

football, apfn, so mean imagine months. Hehad been playiag with a foeUgfotetopLy in League matches ctmid be sidelined for several weeks, 
what it meant when! woke np the a a g g mg pain > in fte nppe r pelvic fhe £60,600 msBranee Hzn limped off with a pulled' 

. _ dozen reserve — "i * « a™t * wir 

enjoy the Evmonweat ^ Cap tiewas wiwi^i • Sheffield Wednesday’s captain, 

an to four rap finals aadthe tern joo per cent fit by United’* doctor Hart, is oul of Saturday’s FA Cup tie 

Doriasw (FUc say); Cb rn to r - 
nsid v GBbrtiMb Newport v 
PlyraouS* BUftowu v Mtobss. 


1 CwnbUv Part Vbto 

Woraap v MogMoy - 

1 Caty v R BSftanptot i 
1 crawWf v arad 
X Fwtero v Ahractwch 
-2 Mnstansv CMnraa 


ft wtowy v fhhw 

morning after the Rochdale match rested, spending the time, b et w een ^ nnttirm rmU a. 

with only a tittle pain in my knee." matches on foetratmant frWe. The o^Mteh - whkh did sot come 
Higgins’s jtary Is a ramarkaMe P reWefn Ma MIBc Cap JSr the restrictions - efieradthe 

one, a testimeny to hi* foKtitedad wntey with West Ham in Pra ter opportnai^iu wuted 

w n wyArtraar nsflfeacftami toMsforeoffootimlL 19B3, when he tore the lower part of 

SE-T *PS SS ^ powerfully butt centre half; MspeWs. ^ 

v strong in the afr and an ancompro- After two operation* and virits to 

Hmttn v Forfir. fautaqC 
ttoenfen. v pumtante 
(Stndayk .- M nnm ocfc -y 
sa*v mbnvDuidm. . 

2 COwdBrtab v Qcf fflh 

yment ha* not been repaid, the hamstring in Saturday's match 
ip matph - whkh did not come against Oxford United. He returned 
der the restrictions - offered the only recently after missing two 
portnnfty he wanted gaznes with a hamstring problem. 

Alfhoagh he got off to an • Stcflre City have signed Norwich 
uspidona start, receiving a long City's unsettled winger, Donowa, on 

siring tackier, he is more comfort- six different specialists, there was 
able- on the ban if a Ifttie tea ddfl wo answer to the pain in Us 
fvmnum* than ids father John. He, upper pelvis, and ha was advised tn 
of course, was a central figure in tbe retire. AC 25, Htafo’s career was 
1950s Bolton Wanderers’ jeatgu a id . deemed to be over. Everton took the 

Although he got off to an * Stcflce City have signed Norwich 
inanspidons start, receiving a long City's unsettled winger, Donowa, on 
lecture is the first atef fa a a further month's loan. He joined 
dmnsy hm g», Higgins g a s pe d Ms Stoke to a Temporary transfer from 

I was really eftjoyfaig myselL t 
frit quite at ease mid I think 1 

Norwich m December. 

V Bmnmghun Ot] 

appoint a new 

rtEBtECHANttntonw tota^Manohmar. ft t wai. &mm . **"**t}r**Q 

OV. C^WhTQw Wwm. K Wgw. “ggg* w£5SS?’ AteSSm^SSS 

OttuCorautft, BatMBrtfr ftratmn. BWB-, warttoaton. ^ T^rTT. 
nwto, Tootofl, ~ .W M mwri«K-..ten a«- u«te ■ - - 

sw a» »««««., 'tHLs^Lsrisrst^ias 

The three 

of Hartie. Bank*. Hennin. HMs Football League MsBraB ce p*yment > ^ that m» worthy to play first «« JtoBF 
and Edwards, vrincti n said to at&l aod granted him a te^timontsL division football »• The tinea Umtcd Ffcbra 

timid fonrarfs of that era R “*» m« now np and AtkS SSf! 

nigh tm a res. . - : who jast wsMs to play football and ^ w M ,^ ^ ^ k consider moves * 

"fitejas, who made MS Evertna the sight of Ms successor as captau, ISLfcwrto raav fl* £«Stl^d Saunders who res 

. . *1-- J - <■ ImiUm ftia team nrt ffDH “ ™ re P*7 “* «JU,WU KBS , (K. cpm-tnnl 

Qty hope to 

X before their 
at Oxford 

'w£ nwHIthg aow np and Atkinson 
who jiat wants to play football and ^ dfldde yritbia ^ ^ week 

lAWAnb Walufl, XtatomtoMW. Mutoft to 
Mfna, Omnoi tbu 8Mb. 

^ o_ crate MntoMd. debut fa 1977, shared the dd^s nps Kera Ratdiflb teatog the team oto 
and downs for several y«re vying at Wenfoley and reflecti ng Evnto d> 
i5Sr%tall!!flw^nm* Qmra, foe the position wfth Billy Wright rich reward of trophies UMtetoaod- 
cra to rtto ft ltatodsto- . Under Howard EodaD he made the ably acc entu a te d any tendency 

Under Howard SCodaD he made the ably. accentuated 


Peter Ball 

United on Febraary. The dnb 
directors met yesterday afternoon to 
consider moves to replace Ron 
Saunders who resigned last week. 
i j»i<-r foe secretary Andrew Water-, 
bouse said: -"A number of proposals 
wore discussed and an appointment 
is anticipated in the next few days.” 



Anger mounts over 
physical factor 

By Nicholas Harling 

Discrepancies in the Ians relating officials, was not available for 
to the amount of physical contact commcnL 
allowed in Britain and the United Ross had reason, too, to question 
Slates are causing more friction than the failure of his players, who bad 
ever among the American coaches led for most of the match. After 
with clubs in the Carlsbcrg National opting against taking sideline boll 
League. with 20 seconds left, Donaldson put 

Every week at virtually every first away only one of tbe two free shots, 
division game, the two officials to give Bracknell the chance of 
come in for criticism from one or snatching a late win, which with 
both of the coaches involved. On Lynch's help, they managed. More 
Saturday An Ross, of Birmingham good news for Bracknell came with 
Bullets, vented his anger after his the decision of Sam Stiller, their 
team had lost an important game England guard, to reject a move to 
86-85 to Happy Eater Bracknell, Portsmouth, 
which might yet cost Birmingham a There is hope yet for MeEnan 
pla« in the national championship Tyneside and Homespare Bolton, 


stranded at the bottom with one win 

Ross, from Tampa Bay. Florida, apiece. Both looked certainties for 
who was allowed to coach on relegation until Saturday's rec- 
Saiurday only because he is ommendation from the National 
appealing against a two-match ban League management committee 
imposed by the English Basket Bail that the first division be extended to 
Association following a previous 1 6 dubs. If the proposal is accepted 
outburst, kepi his temper in check, only one club will go down. Thai 
But after Birmingham had Ion to a makes tomorrow’s game between 
Craig Lynch shot six seconds from the clubs at Tyneside even more 
time, he could suppress bis feelings crucial. 

no longer. Trevor Pountain the Even if Bolton do go down thetr 
match umpire, was his particular overall future had been secured for 
target. English referees the general the time being by the decision of 
one. "Up to the last three minutes it their sponsors to extend their 
was a well officiated game but then support for a further two seasons. 
Pountain took over". Ross said. On Saturday. Bolton crumpled I2S- 
“ People don't come to see T revor 95 lo Hemel/Watford Royals. 
Pountain referee a ball game. The A recovery of a different nature 
main difference between basketball was the one by Spcrring? Solent 
in England and America is that over Start, who after their Prudential 
here it's an officials* league. In National Cup final thrashing by 
America it’s dcu. Officials lake Team Polycell Kingston, made up a 
control and keep it". Pountain. 54-43 half-time deficit to overcome 
regarded as one of England's top Manchester Giants 94-91. 


Hard work 
pays for 
Fife Flyers 

By Robert Pryce 

Those aristocrats of British ice 
hockey, the Fife Flyers, recalled how 
they eami their place in last year’s 
honours list over the weekend. They 
stained their royal blue and gold 
uniforms with more sweat than they 
have recently expended in dealing 
Durham Wasps their biggest defeat 
of the season (12-5) and gaining a 
point in Ayr (7-7) where few teams 
gain anything. 

“The guys are finding it hard to 
dig down," Danny Brown, Fife’s 
Canadian centre, said yesterday. "It 
was hard work thai won h for us 
and I think we were in danger of 
forgetting that" 

Everything worked splendidly, in 
fact, until the last five minutes at 
Ayr. when the heads that bear the 
Heinncken British Championship 
crown showed signs of swelling 
again. Three goals from Brown had 
helped Fife take a 7-4 lead, only for 
the title pretenders to achieve 
equality by the end. 

Conway and KJdd scored goals a 
minute apart then Ayr took off their 
net minder, McCronc, to ice an 
extra forward. Brown broke dear, 
crossed the halfway line and took 
aim at the empty net. The puck hit 
a bump, landed on its edge and 
rolled just wide. 

McCrone left the ice agan six 
seconds from time. Brown won 
possession for Fife but Drum- 
mond’s high clearance was knocked 
down by Conway, who found the 
top comer of the net from 40 feet 
with one second to spare. 

Are may be the most difficult 
rink in the premier division in 
which to play. Not only is the ice ■ 
surface small, itis poorly prepared. 
The barriers are short and lean 
outwards. The spectators are hostile 
and lean in. Brown, in his second 
season over here, says hr plays 
much better there then he used to 
but Fire’s other Canadian forward, 
Todd Bidner, who scored six goals 
the previous night against Durham, 
has a more difficult time, both with 
the rink and the supporters. 

“He’s a nice guv,’’ Brown says, 
“but they just hate him down here." 
• Danny Wong, the former Streat- 
ham and Wembley defence man. is 
due lo fly to London loraorrw to 
discuss the vacancy for a head coach 
of tiieStreadum Redskins. 

HEMEXEN LEAGUE: Prmta dfcrtstar: Ayr 
Bruins 7 File Hyoro 7, Dtndn Rodcots S 
Cleveland Bombers 3, Fife FMro 12 Durham 
Wesps 5. Cleveland Bombers 11 Peteroonxjoh 
Pirates 5. MwrayMd Racers 13 Whitley 
W ar ners B; Durham Wasps IS Nottingham 

Panthers ft Nottingham Panthers 4 Straatham 
Rad9Uns 5, Straatham Redakns 5 


Pirates 3. Firm Division: 
«tfte 10 Teltord Tigers 13. 

Bournemouth Sags 21 Southampton Vrtotvts 
ft Crowtree Chiefs 3 Altrincham Aces 8. 
Sheffield Satires 2 SoBhofl Barons 6. SoUwl 
Batons 12 Blackpool Saagufe 7, Richmond 
Ftyans 3 Oxford City Stars ft 





"Mark Poultcr's decision to guc 
up competition when he was IS, to 
concentrate on a degree at Bath 
University, seemed to end any 
chance of his emulating his brother 
Stephen, one of England’s most 
experienced internationals. 

But five years later Poultcr makes 
his second international appearance 
in the Coca-Cola meeting in Paris 
from January I to February 2. He 
confirmed the natural talent was 
still there by winning the 200 metres 
butterfly in tbe England trials in 
November. Poultcr made his 
England debut in the Golden Cup in 
Strasbourg at the weekend. 

Sandra Macdonald has been 
recalled to the Scotland team after 
an eigth-year absence. She last swam 
for Scotland In the 1978 Common- 
wealth Games, and then retired, but 
after a successful return is now 
included in the squad for Paris. 

She earned her recall by gaining 
two silver medals in the Scottish 
short-course championships last 

ENGLAND: Hum A Moorhousa, J Broughton. 
™ BushwoB. A Pearce (nil Oty ot Leeds). K 
Boyd (South Tyneekta), P Howe (MOTelov M 
; Politer (Bath Dolphins). P SnaeWey (Harrow 
and WeaUstone). Women: J Archer (City of 
I Leeds). K Meter (Norerich Penguins). 
SCOTLAND: Men M Poyreoruro. A Smith 
(bom Werrencfer). N Hughton (Aberdeen). R 
Lashman (Kelly CoHogej. N Watoraon 
(Cumbernauld]. Women: J Ewing. S 
Macdoneto. L Momtad (an paisley). D 
CompbeS (Cumbernauld). S Cowrie (Patar- 
head). L Donnelly (Mammon). A Raid 


Three England 
for The Hague 

By Sydney Friskln 

England have made three changp 
for the HDM indoor tournament in 
The Hague this weekend. Richard 
Clarke, Giles and Hill coming in for 
Leman. Nick Clark and Shaw. 
England will play in ihis tourna- 
ment as lhe Lions. The Linder-21 
squad will lum out as the Shadows 
in a similar tournament at Venlo, 
also in Tbe Netherlands. 

Albans). □ Smith (Bromley), □ Fauflmer 
jlFarehBiTi). P Gaea )Si Altana). A ffeftdey (Si 
Albans). M Grfmloy (Si A* ana), R Clarke 
(Til so Hill). R Hffl (Firebrands). I Shoiwari 
(Slough), P Nicholson (Rebrands). C But Stay 
(Faronam). O WIBit (Bromley). 

9 The teams who have qualified 
for the quarter-finals of the Royal 
Bank national indoor club dtam- 
pionship, to be held at the Michael 
Sobcll Sports Centre on February 
28. are St .Albans (the holders), 
Stourpon, Wcllon. Southgate. Bour- 
nville. East Grinstead. Firebrands 
and Tulsc Hill. Teddington, last 
year’s runners-up, were eliminated 
by Tulsc Hill al Picketts Lock- The 
quarter-final draw will be an- 
nounced tomorrow. 


Masters for Albert Hall 

The British Airways Masters 
tournament is to be staged again in 
London with record prize-money for 
an English badminton event. The 
Masters will return to the Albert 
Hall in October for the first time 
since 1981 and with £20,000 prize- 
money at stake, compared with last 
year’s £ 12 ^ 00 . 

Tbe Masters was launched at the 
Albert Hall in 1979 but h»« since 
taken place in Warrington, Ports- 
mouth and Bournemouth. 

The tournament's final stages, 
from October 24-26. will be covered 
by Channel Four and, with a total of 
more than 6.000 grand prix points at 
stake, the event has been upgraded 
to category one. 

Last year Morten Frost of 
Denmark collected £1,000 for 
winning the men’s singles title bnt 
the increased prize fond means the 
men's champion wfll receive an extra 
£300 this year. Tbe women’s prize 
also increases by £300 lo £1,000. 



KkfcolT7.30 unless stated 

Milk Cup, fifth round 

Liverpool v Ipswich 
Third division 
Brantford v Notts Co (7.45) 

Freight Rover Trophy 
Northern section 
Chesterfield v Burnley 
Doncaster v Mansfield 
Rotherham v Hartlepool 
Scunthorpe v HaBfax 
Wrexham v Port Vale 
Southern section 
Bournemouth v Reading 
' Bristol Rv Swindon (7.45) 

Cambridge U v Peterborough 
Newport vCarcOfl 
North am pton v Colchester 
Plymouth v Walsall 

QOLA 1 FMU6 Banow t Human Friddey v 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: Fist dMMore Evenon v 
Darby (7JJ); Manchester aty v ShettfeW 
Wednesday (B.45J; Winn » HuddareltaU. 
Se co nd dMaloiE Htor Jc pnn i v Butrasy (7JJ): 
Bi a dta d v Stake. MkkSesbrou^i v Bolton 
(7-0): Oktiani v Sunderland (7-0). 

Portonuufft OJOt ijwwieh * Luton (2.16): OPR v 
Artente (ftOfc Ewanme v Chotaa ( 2 _ 0 fc 
SelfMtal v MMtord 030). 

SUEH LEAGUE: UrmdvQtsntoran. 

FA TROPHY: Second rand raptor . Southport 
v Scarborough. 

SOUTtdN LEAGUE- Praetor (Melon: 
IffltfM v Shepehed. HUen d (M elon : 
Redact) V BMDO. to n n e m dMe h mt 

watBrtoovffla v Camereuiy. LONDON SEMOR 
CUP: Hrat round: Barking v Woodford; 
Boraham Wood v Bmtsdown; Carahalton v 
Clapton; Hampton v Woking: Hannon v 
Edgwaro; Laytonstona and Ilford v Cheanunc 
Stanend v Fettham: Hoddaedon v Layton 

round: Aylesbury v Cheshun (a! Tmgfc 

Wycombe Wandarara v Maidenhood. 

KENT SENIOR CUP: Second round: 
Gravesend and Nortltflast v Bnxnlay. 

SUSSEX SENIOR CUP: Fourth round: 
Eastbourne v Hastirtw; LewM v Worthing. 
Slough v Epsom and EweL Flrat dMatae St 
Asians v Wamoioy. Second tBeWen. eoude 
Marra v Banstaad; IMiytoiaafe v Matropottton 

dhriaba Exmoudi v Shepton MafaL FVD 
tfl vMogR adstocfcvWanntosteT. 

EASTERN LEAGUE: Lowestoft v Gratt 
Yarm outh. 

EST ANGLIAN CUP: Cctawtar » umam. 


TOUR MATCtfc Ltanell v Queensland (74& „ 
CLUB MATCHES: Beth v Ftoyft) Navy (7-15); 
Exstar v Bridgwater and Altaian. 


FIRST OmSfOfe'HaKBX v Wttnes, (poslpaiwd 
unS tomorrow). 


SQUASH RACKETS: B)ua Straus Bffltsh 
under -23 Open (Oaata, Manow). American 
Express ftonrler Leagiia (SA; Cennona * 
Dunnings MBL Nottingham v efwMl ABartan; 
Entra- Hadwood v Edgtwstai; i jfceew v 

first dMatae Simp itondx 
Walter Crisps. Leicester fftfl). 





Smith and 
Slack to 

the rescue 

' Colombo (Reuter) - A fourtb- 
wickex stand of 125 between Chris 
Smith and Wilf Slack helped 
England B recover 10 243 for seven 
at ihe close of the first day of the 
first four-day international against 
Sri Lanka yesterday. 

The two batsmen rescued lhe 

S African government 
likely to aid sponsors 

From Ivo Tennant, Johannesburg 

.touring team after they had slumped 
to 51 fo 

for three, batting sensibly for 
160 minutes before Smith was 
trapped leg-before by Jayananda 
Wamaweera. a fast bowler, for 62. 

Slack, who had opened the. 
innings with Moxon after England B- 
had won the toss, was only four 
short of his century when he was 
brilliantly caught by Vonhagt ati 
forward short leg off Anurasin. ihe 
leg spinner. The Middlesex player 
hit 13 fours in his 290-minutc 

England B were still in trouble at 
167 for six but Pnngle. with 27. and 
Rhodes, with 19 not out, added 46 
valuable runs before Pringle was 
caught behind eff the fast bowling of 
Rainayeke just before the close. 

Earlier Moxon had made only 
eight when he was bowled by 
Rainayeke for eight. Nicholas, the 
captain, lasted 47 minutes for his 1 1 
before being adjudged leg-before to 
Rainayeke but Aihey faced just i 2 
balls before being bawled by 
Wamaweera for five. 

Rainayeke was the pick of the 
bowlers with three for 47. The 
fielding was tight except for one 
lapse when Rhodes was dropped at 
extra cover. 

The sponsors of the break- 
away Australians lour have 
been told by the South African 
Government that they will be 
given major tax deductions 
through legislation which has 
vet to go before parliament. It 
means that the tour will be 
largely financed by tax pavers' 

The tax relief will enable the 
two sponsors. National Panaso- 
nic and Yellow Pages, to save 
several thousands Rand. U is 
alleged they will pay only 10 per 
cent of the cost of their 
sponsorships. They will be 
permitted to claim rebates on 
advertising and promotion 

The rebate was firti mooicd 

bv the South African Cricket 

Union (SACU) who made 
representations to the Govern- 
ment for a reinstatement of tax 
incentives for sponsors, similar 
to those which had prevailed 
unlit December 1983. The 
agreements with National Pana- 
sonic and Yellow Pages were 
reached in the knowledge that 
ibe Government was consider- 
ing tax changes. The SACU was 
struggling to find sponsors for 
the Australians' tour. 

The Government has been 
strongly cruized by Opposition 
politicians and tax experts for 
assuring the sponsors of a rebate 
before legislation goes in front 
of parliament. 

An SACU spokesman said 
that because the Government 

Pollock prepared to bat 
despite hand in plaster 

From Ivo Tennant 


M D Moxon b Rainayeke.. 

W N Slack c Vonnagt b Anurasiri 

•MCJNfcriOtaaW>-wb Rainayeke,... 

CWJ Aide* b Wamawoera 

C L Sirntti i-o-va a Wamaweera-.- 

K J Barnett b Samaraeekora 

D R Pringle CM Ahvls b Rainayeke ........ 

rs J Rhodes not out 

T M Tremlett not out- 

Extras .„ w 

-. 8 

Tota/f7wkts)..._ - 

T Cook and J P Atytew to b«L 

... . 24J 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-15. 2-39. 3-51. 4-175, 
S-197. 6-197.7-243. 

BOWLING: (to datet Ramayeka 17-2-47-3: 
Amalean 1 1-2-30-0: Wamaweera 27-8-58-2: 
Anurasirl 25-8-51-1: Guneratne 9-2-33-0; 
Samarasekara 3-1-12-1. 

SRI LANKA: D M Vonhsgt 'A Ranatunga. M A 
R Samarasekara. D Ranatunga. A Gurasmgtw. 
tR G de Alwis. R J Ratneyeke. S D Amrasm, R 
PW Guneratne. K Amalean. J Wamaweera. 

Kevin McKenzie, who shored up 
South Africa's first innings, was five 
runs short of his first century- for his 
country when a torrential downpour 
immediately after lunch ended play 
for the day in the final international 
match here yesterday. South Africa 
arc 2 1 7 runs ahead with two wickets 

One of these is Pollock's. 
Although his hand is in plaster and 
an orthopaedic surgeon has told him 
not to bat Tor at least six weeks, he 
will pad up today and play one- 
handed if required. Much will 
depend on how long van Zyl can 
remain with McKenzie. 

The return to the field of another 
injured player, Rackemann. made 
all the difference to the Australian 
attack. Rice and McKenzie ex- 
tended their ovcmighL partnhip to 
1 10 before the fast bowler, evidently 
recuperated from exhaustion, cut 
one away from Rice and had him 
caught at the wickeL 

In an attempt to avoid a pair. 
Jennings pushed the ball to cover, 
but slipped when sent back and 
failed to regain his ground. 
Subsequently. McKenzie had to 
make the most of the strike he 
received and went to 95 with a six 

SOUTH AFRICA: Frtsl Innings 211 |K A 
n 8 lor 

McKenzie 72: C G Rackmam 8 for 84). 

Second imtnga 
SJ Cook H>*w Alderman 2i 

had a large majority, the 
legislation should go through 
and that the deals with the 
sponsors were set up in the 
likelihood that ibis would 
happen. However, it is unlikely 
to go before parliament until 
May or June. Approval wiU 
have been given by the Minister 
of National Education with the 
agreement of the Minister oi 

The Government was evi- 
dently aware that overt finan- 
cial super! would affect the 
credibility of the tour and that 
the companies involved would 
risk boycotts. 

Under existing legislation, 
companies can claim a SO per 
cent rebate on their total 

sponsorship. Under the p lann ed 

legislation they would qualify 
for an additional 40 per cent as 
a marketing allowance. The 
legislation will apply to the 
sponsors’ current financial year. 

Although dearly designed to 
benefit the spnsors of the 
present tour, the legislation 
could also assist other sports 
sponsors in South Africa. 

The SACU said: “We are 
grateful for the generous spon- 
sorship of National Panasonic 
and Yellow Pages and would be 
delighted if the firm received 
the tax concessions that have 
been sought". 

H R Fortherincl 
P N Kirsten b F: 


R G Po8ock retired hurt 

•CEB Rice c Rbcor b Hackamann SO 

K A McKenzie not our 95 

A J Kourie l-b-w b AWermam. — — D 

Backing assured 

G S to Roux c RIxon b Rackemann 18 

1R V Jennings run out D 

H A Page H»-w b Wdermann _ 2 

C J van Zyl not out 2 

Extras (V-b 16. w t.iw>2) — — 19 

Total (8 wkts) 273 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-25. 2-31. 3-80. 4-204, 
5-207, 6-242, 7-242, B-256. 

BOWLING: Rackemann 24-5-92-3: Aldamum 
31-4-100-3; Faulkner 19-0-65-1. 
AUSTRALIANS: First Innings 267 (S B Smitti 
1 16. CJ van Zyl 4 tor 831 

The County Cricket Champion- 
ship is assured of sponsorship until 
the end of the 1989 season. 
Britannic Assurance, who took over 
from Schweppes in 1984 under a 
£"> 50,000 three-year agreement, 
announced today they intended to 
continue for another three years. 
The terms of the new contract will 
be discussed with the Test and 
County Cricket Board over the next 
few months. 


Becker is Lendl’s only threat 

From Richard Evans 
New York 

Boris Becker's world ranking on 
the Association of Tennis Pro- 
fessionals computer is still only No. 
A because programmed machines do 
not always react fast enough to keep 
up with human dynamos. If they 
did. the 18-y car-old West German 
would be ranked higher despite the 
fact that the Nabisco Masters, in 
which he reached the final, does not 
carry computer points la minimum 
32 draw, among other stipulations, 
is required;. 

In many people's opinion Becker 
would now be as high as No. 2. 
behind Ivan Lendl, who beat him 6- 
2. 7-6, 6-3. in the Masters final on 
Sunday. The Czechoslovak did not 
bother to hide the relief he felt at 
having kept on top of such a 
potentially dangerous opponent. 

“It was absolutely right that 
Lendl and Becker should have made 
it to the final." the Masters 
tournament director. Eugene Scon, 
said. “That is a perfectly accurate 
reflection of what is happening in 
tennis at the moment. Lendl is on 
lop and Becker is rising fast to 
challenge him. Until McEnroe sorts 
hinsclf out there is no one else who 
is capable of posing a threat to 

Ivan Lendl was named yesterday 
as the world's No 1 palyer by the 
International Tennis Federation. 
They said Lendl was the nnanimous 
cboic of the ITT champions’ panel 
consisting of Don Bodge. Frank 
Sedgman, Fred Perry and Tony 
TraberL Each paid tribute to 
Lendl's prowess bnt they also said 
they hoped he realized his 
reponsibility to represent the game's 
highest standards. “We have been 
disappointed, not only by his 
announcement that he has decided 
not to play in the Davis Cnp during 
1986, but also by the negative, 
severely critical comments about 
certain tournaments attributed to 

Becker’s record against other 
rivals supports that view. He has 
beaten Mats Wilander. the world 
No 3. three times in five weeks and 
has a winning record over the No 5. 
Stefan Ed berg. Jimmy Connors, still 
ranked fourth but likely to slip 
through, may still give the teenager 
trouble should they meet in the 
coming weeks but the veteran 
American is no longer capable of 
sustaining a challenge week after 

The possibility of seising the No I 
place from Lendl is well within 

Becker's capabilities in the coming 
12 months, but. whether he suceeds 
or not. the excitement he creates on 
court will continue to engender new 
world-wide interest in the game. 

In West Germany, of coarse, 
“Becker mania" continues at such a 
pace that 300 people accepted a 
travel agenL's offer to go and see him 
play here. Once there, they made 
their presence felt. For a tennis 
player to draw that many people to a 
foreign location is something new. 
Lendl may be looking over his 
shoulder but he deserves his turn in 
the spotlight, for few players have 
worked harder lo attain the No I 
position. There are even signs that 
he is allowing his warmer private 
personality to emerge in public At 
the award-giving ceremony at 
Madison Square Garden he was 
unusually effusive in praise of his 
young opponent as well as of the 
man who presented him with the 
cheque Rod Laver. 

"f used to watch you on 
television whenl was growing up in 

Czechoslovakia", he told Laver. “I 
always looked up to you. Even now 
my legs are almost shaking just 
standing next to you”. 

Gracious words from a man who 
has not often found the time fot 
such niceties in the past. 


in play-off 

From John Ballantine 
Palm Springs 

Donnie Hammond won bis first 
lournathent in four years on ihe 
United States PGA tour when he 
beat John Cook in a play-off In the 
Bob Hope CTassic on Sunday. 
Hammond, aged 28. collected 
S 108,000 (about £76.300) from the 
total purse of 5600,000, which is 
more than be has previously won in 
a full season. 

Cook, from California, who won 
the US Amateur tide in 1978. stood 
in the fairway of the 505-yard I8lh 
at Bermuda Dunes in the final 
round needing a birdie to tie with 
Hammond, from Maryland. 

He bit a towering three-wood 
□'er palm trees and a guarding lake 
to within 10ft and looked likely to 
score a birdie. But he only grazed 
the hole with his attempt and he and 
Hammond, who both scored 66, 
finished the event level on 335, 25 
under par. , . 

Ten minutes law Hammond 
who had birdied five of his last six 
holes, hit a nine-iron to I2ft at lhe 
first extra hole, the 445-yard 14th, 
and slid a pun in by the side doqr 
for victory. Earlier, and amid 
considerably less excitement, Ber- 
nhard Longer and Sandy Lyle had 
compiled rounds of 68 ana w 

Lyle bis his second shot a few 
inches out of bounds at the second 
but the Scot buckled to and with two 
quick birdies balanced his score 
again. He pitched close with two 
quick birdies balanced his score 
again. He pitched dose for two 
more birdies before handing in a 
card of 69 which won him joint 16th 
position and about £5.600. Langcr 
“went through” Lyle after the 
tedious business at the second and 
ended up winning £9,200- 

LEADING FMAL SCORES (US untott stand): 
331 0 Hammond. 69.64. 68. 68, 66: J Cook. 
68. 67.65, 89. 86. 337: J Mudfl.72, 65. 63. 68, 
69. m H Sutton. 65, 70, 68. 65. 69. 338: C 
Stadtar. 67, 65. 68, 70, 68; P Stewart 72, 67. 

71. 64. 65; O Kadi, 67, 68, 68. 68, 68. 34ft O 
Graham (Australia), 69. 73. 63. 67, 88. 341: f 
Floyd, 68. 70. 65, 73, 65; L Clements. 71. Sfi. 

72. 64. 66. 342: W Levi, 68. 68. 69, 88. 67; 6 
Longer (West Germany). 70, 70. 68, 69. E& J 
Malttfley, 69. 70. 69. 67. 67. H3c M 
MeCumbar, 69, 68, 67. 68. 71; J Banner. 68. 

68. 73. 69, 68; J SUnan. 66. 74, 64. 69. 70: F 
Azmgar. 66. 71, 88. 68. 70. Britiab scons: 344: 
S Lyn. 71, 67. 67. 70. 6ft 353: P Oostortxilfl, 

Reading have scrapped plans to 
traduce mdcnlily cards at Elm 
irk. They had hoped to become 
c first League club to bring in the 
imputcrised system but have 
come victims of their own 
iccess. Original plans catered for 
owds of around 3.500 per game 
it. as Reading have surged 18 
lints dear at the top of the third 
vision, their attendances have 
>cragcd over 7,000. 


Shriver clowns in defeat 

Worcester. Massachusetts (Reut- 
er) - Pam Shriver was reduced to 
downing when she was beaten 6-1. 
6-1. by Manina Navratilova in tbe 
semi-finals of a women's tennis 
tournament yesterday. 

Miss Shriver. after falling behind 
6-1. 4-0, went to the scoreboard and 
changed the score to read that she 
was ahead 6-4. 5-4. “That’s to put 
you under pressure.” she told Miss 
Navratilova, “Play on” said the 
umpire. “I don't want to.” Miss 
Shriver shouted, to the cheers of the 
crowd. In the final Miss Navratilova 
plays Claudia Kohdo-Lilsch, who 
defeated Kathy Rinaldi. 6-3. 6-4. 
BOXING: The middleweight bout 
between Steve Johnson (Liverpool I 
and Brian Anderson (Sheffield) at 
Sheffield City Hall on February 5 
has been reco agnized as an 
eliminator for Hero! Graham's 
British title, Graham meets Ayub 
Kalule (Denmark) for the European 
championship on the same bill. 

Jersey, without a Commonwealth 
Games medal since 1962. are 
sending a team of J 5 to Edinburgh 
this summer, their largest for 28 
years. Barry le Chemmant (shoot- 
ing) looks to have the best chance of 
emulating Bert Tunnel, who 
collected a boxing bronze in Perth. 

TEAM: Athletics: M’Gueoan (400m, soon). A 
ffiscusl f 

SotcftMtof (Spot ascus). Bowls: Margaret 
Blattman (singles). O to Marquand (slngtos). J 
Jones. M CoiitoJy (pairs). Cycling: M PeWort, 
A Aubert. A Come (ail road redngj. Shooting 
B to Chemtnant. C MeJtet (tUL Bora). P Ryan. 

to Counters (small- boro). Sw imm in g: o 
n freestyle, backstroke). Alteon 

Rlpponl (lOttn 
Chrtetie (100m treostyto). 
fiths and his horse Hullaballoo have 
been added to Britian's team for the 
world three-day event champion- 
ships at Gawler. Australia. 

TEA** Lome Clarita (Myross or Gtontroll). 
Lucinda Green (Regal Realm). Virginia Hotgate 
(Priceless), Mantiy Orchard (Venture Buuy). 
Mark Philips (OtetinctfMi, ten Start (Oxford 
Blue). Oartssa Strachan [Delptty Dazzle). Andy 
Griffiths (HulabeHoo). 


Pond makes a gesture 

Tony Pond has retired from the 
Monte Carlo Rally to give his 
Austin Rover team colleague. 
Malcolm Wilson, a better chance. It 
was after a traffic jam and steering 
problems had dropped Pond to 
123rd place that be made his 
decision. Although 20 minutes work 
yesterday would have made his MG 
Metro fully competitive again, the 
British driver would have been two 
hours 20 minutes behind the 
leaders, upsetting Austin Rover's 
detailed service plans. 

“For me lo continue would have 
meant re-scheduling our service 
arrangements”. Pond said. “That 
could have jeopardized Malcolm’s 

chances to use his present ninth 
place as a springboard.” 

Yesterday morning's positions at 
Aix Les Bains showed Wilson only 
four minutes behind the leaders, 
with Lancia holding the first three 
places and Peugeot and Audi 
sharing the intervening positions. 
Wilson was the first Briton in the 
placings and the Metro the first non 
foreign car. 

Cresto (it) Lancia Dafta 34, Zhr 7 min 34s«e; 2, 
M Aton/I KMmaki (Fin) Lancia Delta S4 at Intel 
4 Bmc; 3. W Rohrl/ C Getstdortor (WQ Audi 
Sport Quattro at 2M; *. M BUskn/T Stvnro 
(It) Lancia Delta 64 at 2M: 5. T Salonen/ S 
Haijame (Fin) Peugeot 205 Turt». at &08; 6. M 
Vfltecn? N Harris (OB) AustirHRow Metre 6TU 
at feSi: 9. M Mouton (FrtfT Harryman iGB). 
Peugeot 206 Turbo 16. at 7.4 1. 


£100,000 fee 
for Lydon 
is a record 

By Keith Macklin 

A world record rugby league cash 
transfer took place yesterday when 
Joe Lydon. the Widnes and Crest 
Britain utility back, joined Wigan 
for £100.000. The previous highest 
cash figure, of £71500, was paid in 
1981 by Hull Kingston Rovers for 
George Fairborn, the Wigan and 
Great Britain full back: the highest 
fee in a cash-plns-player transaction 
was Wigan's estimated £150,000 
package for Bradford Northern's 
Ellery Hanley earlier this season. 

Eric Hughes, the Widnes coach, 
resigned on being given the news of 
the transfer by the dab's chairman, 
Tom Smith. He said: “I was not 
consulted about the deal. This Is no 
way to build a team selling the best 

Ron Close. The Widnes secretary, 
gave the dub's reasons for sell ins 
Lydon, saying: “Without this deal 
we could have folded within a 
month. Attendances are down 
despite the fact that we are second in 
the table; we paid a lot of money for 
the injured Australian player, Steve 
Rogers; and we have been given a 
massive bill for ground repairs 
under the Safety of Grounds Act. 
We were heavily in debt at the bank 
and this £100,000 is our salvation.” 

Lydon played in tbe recent scries 
against New Zealand and scored a 
spectacular try in tbe first interna- 
tional. Two years ago, in the Widnes 
v Wigan Challenge Cup fina l, he 
shattered Wigan, his home town 
dub. with two Jong-range tries. 

Wigan have this year spent nearly 
£l£ millioa on team building. They 
have bought three British inter- 
national. Goodway, Hanley and now 
Lydon. two Sooth Africans, Mordl 
and Lonw. and two Australians, Ella 
and Dowling. The dnb's vice-chair- 
man. Maurice Lindsay, said: “Wc 
want to bnBd up the strongest 
possible squad, with cover for every 
position, and Lydon is one of the 
game’s Outstanding players. At the 
end of (he season, with fixture pile- 
ups. injuries, cnp ties and interna- 
tional calls, we will need a very bif 

Transfer fees have soared in tin 
last six years. Xs 1980 Leo Case) 
moved from Bradford Northern ft 
Hall Kingston Rovers for £38.000. 
the following season Trevor Skerreti 
joined Hull from Wakefield Trinity 
for £40.000; and in 1982 Hall paid 
Feaiherstone Rovers £70,000 foi 
Steve Evans. 

• The Slalom Lager championship 
match between Halifax and Widnes 
tonight has been postponed because 
of floodlight problems and will now 
be played tomorrow at Halifax Town 
football ground. 

• Leeds yesterday paid a dob 
record fee of just over £50,000 for 
Carl Gibson. Barley's international 

• Carlisle have signed Steve 
Kirkby. Barrow’s second row 
forward, for £15,000. 

• Tony Ogden, Oldham's prop, 
yesterday joined St Helens on a 
month's loan. 

0 Fulham have signed Dave 
Bnlioiigh, the Bramley forward, for 


SCOTLAND: Calrngetw. Upper runs: nm 
complete wet anew on ■ ftnri base. Middle 
runs: new complete wet snow on ■ fimi base. 
Lower slopes: runs complete wet snow. 

venlcsl nzis 1800H. hi mods dw. Mate read 
dear. Snow lev* 1 200fflt 
Gtonahm: Upper runs runs comptow - but 
In arrow wet anew on a firm Base. Lower 
dopes SfWWd nursery areas wot snow on a 
fctnbaae. Vertcte nrt lOOOtL HW reeds ctoar. 
Mate roads dear. Snow leval 1500K. 

Ghmcoe (wwWnds only): No report due lo 

cover wet snow. Middle runs runs complete - 
wider *»w cow wet snow. Lower ajopes: 







Grans Montana 



St Monte 






60 100 
60 120 
120 210 
70 120 
80 180 
100 160 
70 120 
60 110 
70 -TO 
50 230 
80 170 
70 120 
75 110 





















Baouero- Beret 















































San team 











125 Comp 






















L U 
55 190 




- °c 







70 210 










135 190 










130 275 


" - 







tools 2000 

85 105 


" “ 







lb na^w 

ttt 180 


- " 







Lea Arcs 

110 220 

■ “ 

— ■ 

St Anton 






Lea Manures 

90 170 


" " 








95 185 









Val d'tso re 

100 1 30 

Plea to Sports 

Richard Tracey, the Minister for 
Sport, has been asked by Reger 
Stott. MP for Wigan, to withhold 
Sports Council grants to the Rugby 
Football Union until they change 
their discriminatory attitude 
towards the British Amateur Rugby 
League Association. 


Traudl Haecher on her way to victory* over Vreni Schneider in the giant slalom 


England taking no chances with 
Murrayfield preparations 

By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 

There may be a break in the five 
nations championship fixture list as 
far as England are concerned on 
February’ l hut there will be no 
break in preparations. The team to 
play Scotland at Murrayfield on 
February 15 will be decided that 
weekennd; the players will also have 
a squad meeting then and another 
on February 8 before the match 
party leaves for Scotland on 
February 13. 

“1 have been to Murnayfield 
three times as a selector when we 
were unable to work properly on the 
Thursday and Friday before the 
match because of bad weather, so 
wc want to have something in the 
bank.” Michael Weston, chairman 
of thhe selectors, said yesterday. 

The February 2 meeting will also 
enable the players to watch video 
recordings of Scotland's perform- 
ance against Wales the day before. 
Scotland's team to play in Cardiff 
wifi be decided tonight and the 
Welsh team will be annnounced on 
Friday afternoon. 

Mr Weston was among, those 
disappointed that England were not 
able in the 21-18 win against 
Wales, on Saturday. io move the 
ball more swiftly to the wings. 
Underwood, in particular, had only 
one limited opportunity. Neverthe- 
less, it was noticeable that both sides 
at Twickenham had the confidetuice 
to move the ball among the backs 
early on. the Welsh from tBe first 
drop-eui, England not much later. 

It is important for as many 
players as possible to have an early 
feel of the ball, to become involved, 
and Brian Ashton, coach to 
England's backs, was pleased that 
“under varying amounts of pressure 
wc were able to get the ball fairly 

There has been some criticism, in 
these columns too, that Simon 
Haliiday. the new centre, chose io 
cut back inside comparatively 
frequently. However, Ashton denied 
that England were using the 'crash- 
ball' lactic so much reviled in the 
mid 1970s. “We believed, after 
watching recordings of last season's 
game in Cardiff, that there was a gap 
between Pickering and Davies 
which we wanted to get HaDiday 
into.” he said. 

“All our preparation has been 

Moriarty banned 

Richard Moriarty. who was sent 
off in Swansea's match against 
Llanelli in New Year's Eve, has 
been suspended for 12 weeks by the 
Welsh Rugby Union disciplinary 
committee. Moriarty., who won his 
thirteenth cap against France in 
1985, is automatically banned from 
international selection for the rest of 
the season. It was his second offence 
in less than 14 months. He will be 
free to play again on Match 26. 

aimed at putting playeis into space. 
Also it's easy to win the ball back in 
that area because the opposition 
back row is going backwards. Peter 
Winterbottom was delighted to play 
with those two centres, he had never 
seen so much ball coming back in 
his life.” 

One must query whether tirc gap 
England believed existed remained 
for this match, remembering that 
Tony Gray, the Welsh coach, and a 
most intelligent back-row forward 
in his day. had obviously prepared 
his defensive patterns with some 
diligence and Pickering's speed to 
the breakdown ensured that Eng- 
land did not win as much loose 
possession as they might have 

But to those who complain about 
the lack of tries, it is worth, stressing 
once again how difficult it is to score 
tries in these days of highly-orga- 
nized defence-in-depth inter- 
national rugby. Only when one team 
establishes a definite advantage, 
notably in the loose, is a glut of tries 
likely and England, despite their 
lineoul supremacy, never did that. 

Ashton paid tribute to Jamie 
Salmon's organizing ability in 
midfield. “He worked very hard in 
the game to make sure we didn't 
drop into a pattern,” he said. “We 
know we have the ability to move 
the ball, though obviously I am. 
disappointed that they scored a try 
and we didn't.” Ashton also 
mentioned the support of players 
not in the side, whose contribution 
to what was a substantial team 
performance, ' may have gone 

The experience of Palmer, the 
Bath captain, has been particularly 
valuable. It may be too early to 
point out that the last time England 
won the grand slam, in' 1980, 
Palmer was on the bench, as he is 
this season; certainly none . of the 
England parly is looking ahead to 
more than the match at Murrayfield 
but the confidence in themselves 
and in each other to be derived from 
a win over Wales is hard to 
overestimate. " 

Matthews could be fit 

By George Ace 

Mick MoUoy, medical officer to 
the Irish Rugby Union, Is optimistic 
about the back row forward Philip 
Matthews's chances of playing 
against F/annce in Paris on 
February 1. Matthews, injured his 
left elbow daring Ulster’s match 
with Queensland last weekk and die 
first option was that it would need a 
minim um of two weeks Co mend. 

But Matthews said yesterday? 
“The injury is imploring daily and 
although it is still quite sore Mick 
MoUey gave me a lot of encourage- 
ment when he examined my elbow 
after Sunday’s Irish squad training 
session in Dublin. Next weekend 
will be die crucial period, when wc 
assemble for another training stint. I 
am optimistic that 1 will get- the 
green light”. 

The second row forward, WBIk 

Anderson, who ' missed Ulster’s 
match against Quee n sl a nd after 
dama gi ng l ig a m e nt s in his knee, fa 
regarded as certain to play bt Paris. 
The Dungannon man has been 
undergoing daily treatment and now 
rates his chances highly. 

Australian boys 
out to 

protect record 

Llanelli are weakened 

Queensland play the final match 
of their British tour at Stradey Park 
this evening when they field eight 
internationals against Llanelli in a 
match. . commemorating the late 
Carwvn James, coach to Llanelli 
and the British Lions. 

By David Hands 

hard pressed against a Queensland 
team of aii whose backs' save 
Slattery, the scrum half, have been 

The Australian schoolboys go 
into the last stage of their tour 
unbeaten, until only tomorrow’s 
game against London Schools at Old 
Deer Park, the weekend match 
against Dutch Schools inJLQversum 
and the international with England 
at Twic kenham tomorrow week to 
to (David Hands writes). 

They beat the North 18-3 at New 
Brighton on Sunday and tomorrow 
play a London side captained by 
Thompson, the Whitgift centre. The 
England 18 group selectors wifi be 
out in force once more before 
selecting their trial -teams to play 
this weekend. 


Unfortunately. Llanelli field only 
four regulars, bearing in mind their 
Schweppes Welsh cup tie with 
Pontypoo! this Saturday. Realism 
has taken pride of place in a game 
when they would dearly love to 
have been at their best to honour 
iheir former coach. 

LLANELLI: M Gravati: K Morgan- c Lahy.'P 
Hopkins, C Davtos; K Thomas, P Homing; C 
Stiffing. H Bovan, Outs Janos, A Griffiths 
gap tewflt Cawyn Jonos, R Thomas, p Wlgioy, 


Slack. T Lane. B Moon; M 

PGrtgg. A 
P Salary: 

R Lawton, T Lawton. A Mdntyra. J MUtor, D 

Frawtoy.T Cotcor. JGordnar. 

LONDON SCHOOLS: S PBflrfm (Ftotaate 
Tochrfod CotaM); J Walton (Ouiwich£ <* 
Thompson (wfitgfft. captain), S Womffi 
s), C MkJnaoa (Epaoni HSk N 
GtAttortQ. R- Frost (StPaU'sL 
(Wanstaad WS). fl Martin (St 
Joseph's Academy, BtacMwath), D WMman 
(FuJbrooh). M Harding (St Joseph's. Ipswich), H 
Limb (Harrow Weald Vtth Form Coitooo). E 
Raton (Brentwood). A Ctayttn (RaJoate GSk A 

Joseph's, ipswfchk N Cwtonrea ru 

j • i - g- (Hounslow Minor). R Ta) 

Oxford pick Griffin kam(Neym«rt«tupp«). 

Laity, the centre, is partner at the 
South Glamorgan Institute to the 
new Welsh cap. Devereux, and 
another Institute student. Bevan, 
makes his first appearance at 
hooker. Llanelli have beaten the full 
Australian side three times in their 
distinguished history, and drawn on 
a fourth occasion, but they will be 

Simon Griffin (Christ's College, 
Brecon and University College) has 
been appointed captain of Oxford 
University Rugby Football Cub. 
The secretary fa Rupert Vessey 
(Magdalen College School and 
Merton). Outside term time. Griffin 
plays for his home town Pontypridd 
and Vessey for Oxford Old Boys. 

(Brentwood), A Ctayton (Rffigste i 
• (Rood - *). RoptocwiUMtts: ».B«w 
. i's. Ipswich), N Cmtofml f 
Fran^alsa), C SprtngMU (Tonbridge), S Rot 
(Hounslow Minor), R Toytor (Ttetgat® OS), 

Kant (Newmarieat Uppat). 

Batty fights for life 

Wellington. (Keuierj - - me 
former AH Black, Grant Batty, aged 
35, was fighting for his life in an' 
A odd and hospital yesterday' after 
nearly drowning at the weekend, 
hospital officials said. He was 
reported to have been pulled 
unconscious from a swimming pool 



fine run 

OberstanfciL - West Gtanuny 
(Reuter) - Traudi Haecher (W» 
Germany) produced a nugnSo^ 
second run to snatch rictory ’^ 
women's World Cup giant rial »— 

She was in third place, after % 
first run. Q.79«c behind the 
favourite, VrcnTSchacider (Swfater- 
land). who had'.-won. Jjoth 
winter's previous, .thui' Vslalona, 

including one audit same slope qq 
S unday. But the German docked 
easily the fastest time on the second 
run, imin 10.0 1 sec for.atotaL of 

h was originally atmounced tin;- 
Schneider had beat ^daqoaKGed 
when she lost control ncac the 
bottom of the final run md looked 

as if she may have missed a gate 
But the race juy reinstated herafter 

It was Haecbcris finr win in * 
giant slalom. Her* two* previous 
World Cup victories -wieze-'in : Hh 
super-giant discipline. Schneider’ t 
second place increased her lead fa 
the giant slalom sta n di ngs , when 
she has 70 points. Erika He®, who 
has twice won the overall World 
Cup, moved back to the top of this 
season's overall standings -rafa 
finishing fifth. . V 

LEADING PLACJNOS:l.THMcharpaj 2n fa 
23.45 *»cs; 2. V acrinofctor (Swtoja&UHa, c 
Qnrvatova (C*J 234.7® 4. 

224m; 5. E Has* 

Satonraosar (Austria) 22 
gvsiri a) ^225.70: 8, M- 

(Austria) 227.'W:"u. R MoMMtecnnrmS 



v..™— _ SEAMmOftf. 

SdmektorttWK 2. HgW^. a.KMch srW. . 

175 ptK 2. M WaSaor (Swftz) 172; 3, Scftntofcr 

Girardelli hopes 
to regain lead 

Parpan. Switzerland, (Reuter). - 
Marc Girardelli. the reigning 
champion, wifi be seeking a return 
to top form in today's 
back the overall World Cun lead. • 

The 22ryear-old Luxembourg 
skier needs lhe maximum 25 points 
for victory to regain the lead from 
Peter Wirosberger, of Austria, who 
won Saturday’s prestigious -Stretf 
downhill in Kitzbuhd, his second 
win on the coarse in as many days. . 

Girardelli did not compete,, 
preferring to train for Sunday’s 
Kitzbuhd slalom but he crashed on 
the first leg. 


Burgess in 
a hurry 
to graduate 

Davtos. tGB). 64. 10-8, 9-1. 8-2; 
Ctort, 1-9. 9-4, 9-10, M, 94. 




H fatDTuntMfl. 

¥W1a« (GBL9-4. S-1B. 9-1. 9*5 BwgSM p8) 
btc Matt (SB). 9-2. 9-0. ML 





UNITED STATES: National Association (NBA* 
Detroit Platons 1i8, Los Angela lekere 115; 
WtesHnaaon Button 11Z Chicago BtA 98: San 
Antonio Spin 116, Portland Tran Blazers 105; 
Mlwaukse Bucks 122. Bolden Stan Warrior* 
109; DsHas Mavericks 191, Houston Rockers 

Attonttc (Svtoton 

Boston 30 8 .789 - 

pnnadetphta » 1< .850 5 

NewJerwy as i? J9S 7 

WosftUMton 21 21 JXO ll . 

NewYort 14 26 JS0 17 

Central ffivtik* 

MHwauksa 28 14 .667 

Mtoffi* W IT JO 5 

Detroit 19 21 .476 8 

Cleveland 17 23 .425 10. 

Chicago 15 27 .357 13 

Indians 10 30 £50 77 

NORTH AMERICA: Mntooa! Loagns (NHLJ: 


Onego Black Hawks 6, Detroit Rod 
Plttiburah Penguins 3, Minnesota North 
2: Bulialo Sabres 6. New Jonty Darts 3: 
Caiganr Hams 9. Toronto Maple Leafs 5; 
Boston Bmtrt* 2. Winnipeg Jets 1. 

Norris DMaiOfl 

W L DPb F A 

Chicago 2218 5 49 204 201 

Mlmesote 18 19 B 44 1B2 170 

St Louts 19 18 8 44 167 172 

Toronto 12 27 3 29 175 219 

Detroit 923 523 162 250 

Smythe Division 

Edmonton 20 10 4 68 243 184 

Calgary 21 21 3 45 189 177 

wbimpBO 15 28 S 36 171 217 

Los Angelos 14 24 6-34 1H> 21D 

Vancouver 13Z7 4 32 164 . 195 

AUCKLAND: Women’s world _ 

Canada 5, naly ft CWna 1, Italy it ,, 

Tlw Netherlands Ih Puerto Rico 1, Australia ft 
Taiwan 1. Japan ft Taiwan 12, Zimbabwe 2; 
United States 3, The Netherlands 0: Puerto 
Hire 121 Zimbabwe 1; itax; ssrfw 7. 
Indonesia ft China 10, Zimbabwe ft todonedi 

1- *• & NtwzSSd 

9, HJQflD rUCO le 

GLASGOW: Scotland sixes Moor tow*-. 

meat Group Thk CMebank .a-Dubdes 

United 1: rtbemtan* 0. . — 

4-3 on penalties); Ctodebonk 1. Mothsrwea i 
(CMebank won 4-3 on pont*tea£,Hltomto? 

Dundee UrVtod ft Abtfdeen 2, ayd*** C 
Disidee Utd 2. Idadvmmdl 1; OydeOte* 1, 
Htoamtone ft MotoarweB 1. Abartaeo2^ 



FUWB« QLOucesreBSMRe cuptoostw- 

fkat&ouaistarOB 9. Spert*n*< . 

SSSR."* «■ 

BRISTOL: ToBjr CobboM — --- e 

■tup: First round: J Petros? btB OfirtT, 9-ft? 
Davis M M Bradley, 6-3: WToms btP MedBt 

9— SL 4 

Daws loads 0 Martin S3: A Mao iaidsG Sow 
7-1; DReynoWa leads SLongworih 8-1 ..... 

Patrick DMsfon 

. . ——1 12. Redruth 3. 


San Antonio 

LA Lakers 
Pur pan o 
LA CapP« 

GoWenStsto . 

14 .887 
17 J75 

19 348 
18 J14 

23 Mi 
26 .366 

7 .818 

IB 578 
23 595 


M 13. 










New York 

18 17 

9 47 





' fittttwrgh 

New York • 

21 20 
21 21 








New jersey 

IS 28 

1 31 







2S 16 





as i8 






21 17 749 





23 20 

1 47 





21 19 

5 47. 




w— — • ChlcMcter'HS. 42. 


MessechuietiK 1 -Wonlte 


tovnamnb 8_. 


UNlVItritonttl-gnnnrv-iiV 1 - ■ . 

DAVK CUP: Anwdcaa cone: first 
Cane UnnuayM Venezoait3e. ‘ 
GUEBTS CLUB: Haanr Leaf cap: MariboieuSP 

UHaBeybury 2 - 1 . 

■ tePStotoerM.M- J- '- 

26 586 18 Ts 

28 533 
30 5T0 





PAftfS-OAKAR RALLY: Cars 1. FUgal/Malngrat 

rvflMuT? * London 
ESgJMP" ■£, “ow* « Mary’s ftCLEH. 


SSSSi Sss?” 

According to Uuiness, the 
previous shortest first-round squash, 
victory was achieved in nine-a-half 
minutes by Deanna Murray, over 
Christina Rees at Ross-on-Sea in 
1979. although WSRA officials 
recall the great Headier McKay 
beating Karen Gardner of Dorset in 
just, tune minutes in the British- 
Open at Wembley in 1 977. /•' 


THon ROUND: F Johnston (Sue) bt Z S*toh 
[GSL 1M, 4-9. 9-8. 9-2: A Adaritoa lAud M A 

Mitsublshi Pajsrq- 2fi QTm _05s 

MUTISM LEAGUE: Liverpool 20, BMeoheed 
22: BC '82 11. Tryat 1ft 6l 

SaRore TO. Ktriov 
14K W 

KuammWnms nothmsnS Porsche 

3. ZaniroVDa SHv* MksubtoM Psjero 2:15-56. 
Motor CyctoKl, FPleeo Yamaha 3h 34m 12s 




dbtotoie Ftfdric i, Dundee Mridt» 3: ; 

Womsn's Aral ■ dhto tae : Rnnlsa Sp ort ■ 
Inverclyde ft Palstoy 3. BsastiB 0: 

Fann 3. VWtfflwm ft PrcnrtnaieHrBUrtn6»* ■ 
Larben ft Trinity D.Cebdw 3. .. 

Setod St; LOtosow 73 22. Csrttowy MK 
8; AsWorf Tamars 16. Robert Jsnwns 22. 
MIDLAND LEAGIS: Otymplc Cannock 18, 
Stafford Olympics 3; Lutterworth Fossa 13. 
Wolves Polytechnic '83 .17; Warwick Jaguars v 
waksMd. postponed. * 

KM** Lsdtoa 18. Vteksfieto MWOS 13: Sernw 
Lsdtos^a Rotett Jsffidw 19. 

natal): 2. A Msrineffi Vsnwin.35ft4S: 3, E Hsu 
BMW 3595 ' 

3595*8. Own Cm i. Metge/Le- 
moyns Rothman* Porsche 34h 65m 44s 

(pons): 2. Ickx/Broswur ' FtoHwnena Porsche 

36:4453: 3,-Rigsl/MamgFat Mteubtohl Patera 
4032:12. Motor Cyctos: 1. C Nevou Rothnwts 
Honda 63h 03m 23s ftotaft 2, G UMay 
Rothmans Honda 83:18.-01: 1 A BelesMart 
Honoa 64:41. 4& 

PAVILION: C le veland Open SiM 

"" iaiiih. 

D Dougtaa (Eng) bt Y Mtyazald (Japj^^io, Si- 





■' , 

By C^uLMcQmltan. 

Suzanne Burgess left university 
last year with a degree in sports 
science and a fierce determination 
to raise her standing io the worid of 
competitive squash. Yesterday, in 
the second round of the Blue Strains a 

British Under-23 Open champion- fl 
ships at Marlow. Buckinghamshire,- * 
Miss Buigess ' certainly made an 
impact, crashing Carolyn Melt in a 
record minimum playing time of' 
eight minutes. 

. The diminutive Miss Mctt ts a 
15-year-old Essex schoolgirl whose 
nervous error ratio contributed- to' 
the astonishing speed of her 9-2, 9-fl, . 

9-0 execution. Miss Burgess is an 
athletic 22-year-old who. though 
slimmer these days has lost none of. 
the strength which has kept tier in- 
touch with England's leading 
women for several yeans. 

This season she persuaded the 
Yorkshire county league to allow 
her to play in the men's first 
division and among men in 
individual tournaments. At - first - 
string for Skelmanthorpe. she wins 
more often than she loses. “I anrthe 
first Yorkshirewoman allowed, into 
the men’s league.” she says. -It was 
hard at first but it has toughened 

Ranked fifth in England' -and . 
seeded fifth at Marlow.' Miss 
Burgess could well prove too tough 
in. today's quarter-finals for tite 
fourth seeded Australian Liz. Irvin, 

■ r: x. 
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SHSTBJJ SHIELD-. Vlctorfa 295 md tM ID 
Jones 72)j Western Austrafe 162 and 43 for no 



dKMo ft Andwrians 3. Tunbridge wSs Z. *>• . 
ESSEX CUP: SMHMbMds: OW£SfaF«ttegft 
Ftod 4; waatcMTa 1. Chetoatord 8. rteefeFw®- 
2. Chebnsford t •- 
Swim ' 

mawrriL - 5 - 1 

r & Army uri^-21'T..Suma'tMrt'*';^. . | 


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.. :.-®* 
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- iafr^ 

5 : --3- RACKETS 

a hurrv 

i • 

to Graduate 

- V.ijii: 


That’s the way the money goes - 
in vision as well as sound 

-- . 3y Mandarin (Micihael Phillips) 

- -FoDowmg racouragLcrg ran they dominated the finwh of the 
hdund Tw ■ CatcopooL, Braunstcxo Peter Dncanson Jiophyju Eontwell 
fSlhJ&f 0 " ? M8e ^“ fBftt.' - days’ ago. MaesHa, Sted 

Lnisfidd Park four weeks ago, Pol*r Yeom n. C&mabefle and Princess 
Sunset *» napped to van the Heather Ids have ajso served notice that they 
Nov ices .Chase -at Chepstow this shtmlfl~win.fl simitar race before too 

- ' tot&TjulTinucb prefer Pdlar sunset 

- Suzmfieaafiy. Hvwd Davies. Tim . . 

I.". •:»*. 

?? tfafcJMBfa 'mair hfist??5t-Wha 

tali two - victories at 
Dunsoody- Well xbongh- Fan Chepstow to her awfirberictes other 
* Nottingham last goodTJerfonnaiic^^ 
raonfe-tdoobtlmn giving his stable ChcftBrihanT *mL. 

companion as much as l2Dx. . . itod in the- MSchriay of Hete 

- ^3^ was trained in Ireland Challenge Trophy last March, 
last wintexPolarSanset showed that. RmiSng-^^he fim rime this 
hcqouldjrandle the sort of testing season. Misty. Rin finished fourth at 
grou nd -that he will encounters! Wroaurton . ooBoxing Day behind when winning over Mr ModhiaJcer, Simon Leeree and 

5®2»i J, 5 CB ^L , ® d Suttoa P^ce- 'Noa -timeout ■ at 
domwABot, like ina eWer brother Ascot she showed that rite had come 
WertemrStmset, whom Fbrater also on from that run whn> she finished 
trams.' **»« ■ has always third behind Ryemah and Ballina- 
appealed to be overfences and that crara LatL-At Kempton onlylto 
is jiyaydy -what ht» first race at Saturday Rytman demonstrated 
LangneW confirmed. . - . what a tough task she feced that day 

■ Jnttemeantune ihe&nn of that when he ran away with h» next 
event has been upheld not only by race. ‘ ’ 

The Catdipo^ when be won again Kefiy’s Honor would be the one 
atSandown,^ also by both Brass that I would fear the most this 
Change and Braunston Brook when afternoon if only ohe could be sure 

Oyster Pond recently second at Chepstow, returns for today's Ralph Morel Cap. 

ie has rec apture d Ws rarkUng another novices' chase this time CTWi/Molictc 

of last season. So fer this with Mr Mouse, who a t_-OUrSC SpeClSLIlSlS 

feat be has recaptured bis sparkling another- novices' <*a^ this time 
form of last ■ season. So fer this with Mr Mouse, who made a 

winter, he has ' been -somewhat triumphant start to i»k 
ladduktre. I believe that the best career, winnine firm- ran at 

chance that John Webber, his Wolverhampton eight days as> 

trainer, and George Memagh, his 

jockey, have of collecting this However on that 

trrampnant start to his chasing CHEPSTOW 

career, winning first- time out at trmnERS: F Wknor. IB w*vm from 78 

olverhampton eight days ago. nwn w» 23. r y ; Tj^ vatw. is tram 73, 2on%; N 

Handartoa B train 40, 201)%. 

. J0CXEYSsPScudamarB.2fl yrtnnw from 124 
However on that occaaon indc z2.Bf* r rrk 13 from 65. auras K 

afternoon lies with Flaxen Tina in was on' his side because Tenesong Hooray. Stan *3, iamb. 

the Grouse Handicap Chase. was leading him by about two NOTTINGHAM 

At Nott i ng h a m . Nick Gascte c . the lengths' at the last fence when he -framers: f winter. 0 winners (mm 10 
Upper Lam bourn trainer who is made what was nearly a caia- rumen, 37.5%; n Henderson, to (mm <5. 
currently -enjoying a memorable stiophic error and he was beaten II n . tn *?. s L?}£?Z rmn r, 

season, will be trying to win yet lengths by Mr Mouse. 


rides. 25JSntt G McCoui, 9 from 71, 12.7%; 

Has anyone seen a brown gelding 
called Earls Brig? The aforesaid 
**br g" was the subject of a modest 
wager of mine in the 2.0 at Haydoclt 
00 Saturday. I went into my Inrai 
betting shop to strike the bet and to 
supervise the running of the antmi 
BM I haTe no idea what happened to 

I stood and drank in that 
wonderful. oracular, emotion- 
starred voice tmi the Extd blower. 

Il picked up the race commentary 
hrte: "Cornin' into the last, its 
Combs Ditch and Door Latch, 
nothin ’ between these two ...” but I 
beard not a whisper about Earls 
Brig! I (eft, reeling under a savage 
attack of the betting shop punter's 
occupational disease: the sour taste 
of bviog been on the wrong end of 
an i m a g i n ed conspiracy of the 

Bat of course, all thl^ wQl change 
on March 10 . From that date on, 
betting shops will be permitted (o 
show races on television. For years, 
the law has insisted On m^ l{ jwg 
betting shops as uncomfortable as 
P«»iUe so that people win not 
“■loiter" In them. The law pretended 
not lo notice that people actually did 
spend a long time in betting shops, 
even though they had to stand op 
and listen to the blower. 

This nonsense has been done 
away with. After March 10 poolers 
will be able to see their selections 
Erik aud they will be able to do so 
with a cap of coffee from a machine 
In their hands. As Michael Raper, a 
William Hill spokesman, said: “We 


1 45' HEATHER NOVICE CHASE (El ,844:2m 4f) {18 runners) 

IMra O Pt«p^T Fonter 7-12-1 

3 '• Bep- . AOflflHY 

6: ; p ' CAETH-t 

8:n* p4 .DUNB0LFS(MmJ 
0 : 200030 QCHNQO (R L Brew 
U- 4300-04 tEHtlDt (OF) (Ad 
15 00101-4 POLAR SUNSCT (Mrs 

is. lopoa nuooeNjaorr m 

17 ■ ppOj ■ SCALPA RA (jjfcs MOe 

S : ' 


24 , DBOrOOS, 

37 ‘ — 


30 (UD0003: TULiA HUAflM aritagfwll. Ksnwd 7 
’81 bb«KB NON-SMOKER (D Hoppn) M Ftps 6-10-7 

' iBOae Msa bnfl abandoped-anaw and frost 

^ 0-2 Stael Yeoman. SRs: Partner. 8 Dun Rotts, 12 Princasa bis, 15 


0.4% Fta>^jpv» r .is.a^ pueds ns ni-fl 1 W 3rd to hS^ ^ 

w J - H *5- TIBIA HJL 18 [ 1 (HJ) a 3rd to RoyN texwr HO^ «t 

Taunton (3mUhrospHc*«.£l ,208, homy. Dee 27, ISts^. ' 

•*®TV FORT 00-11 231 3nl to Ryvmsn (104) wtth SIMON LEQREE 
y.lfeM eft. E7.104. gooa to aoltJ an 11. 10 rod. Pimtouaty SN 

2*55 SS5™- 1 !” PFlSwr^W. WSTT FORT 
y 0 ™ ” bsck In 4ih and OYSIfcH POM) ni-8 ahowd tanrewad tone mbusaviti. 

n ITcap eft. E2/S89. soft, Jan I 
. at Woro sa l a r (3m tfcap eh. 
on panuMmato start, 41 and a haM 3rd toOoiM 
Deo 21. 17 mn). 


Pro— nt(10-'l3)hera 

3.15 MOON NOVICE HURDLE (4-y-o: £1,821: 2m) (25) 



rtnada hwstnwnta Ltd) N Henderaon 11-0 
TO BOY (Mbs E KnUiQ J Kina 11-0 

J Suttwm 

Chepstow selections 

„■ — - By Mandarin 

1.45 POLAR- SUNSET, (nap)- £15 Boherash. 2.4 Misty Fort. 315 Troy 
Fair. ^rFhxim Tina. 4.1S Dream coal 
M ichael Seely’s selection: 2.15 Boherash. 


T 20042-4 INDIANA DABH (B) (CO) (Mrs D Couckw) J Janldns 10-1 1-10 H JonHns 7 

2 TtNHMO annai an(«iKr.)iilPrt-.ii.nj; .. r . « Pr|M7 

3 000-220 kULFORDLAD OF) (R Hawker) R HaWkar B-11-3 M Richards 



10 00 OANBART 

12 0 L8W AST 

13 0 LONDON LEADER (□ Borchal) D BirctaS H-0 

14 0 LORD MURFHrrB bavins) R Haider 11-0 

15 00 MAO JIMMY (J Warner) F Jordan 

MAOtC TRACKS (Mha S Coffin} Mrs E Kantord 1 1-0 _NON-fl 

I PPrtcMj Price 11-0 

10 PADDYCOUP (3 Sharp) JDJ Davies 11-0 

30 OpO SKYLARK WCMiai (A Hum) D Ekwonti 11-0 
22 STBtNCF (Mrs W Tiaodl) 8 MaOor 1 V0 

28 • 204 3YMnoi1Ctaitochafnp Lid) 8 Woodman 11-0 

24 p TERRA Ot SIENA (CSRaiar Labels Ltd) D WMfa 114) 

25 4 THAMES ISLAND (F H Lae) FH Laall-0 

26 032 TROT FAIR JR McAUm^ J Edwsrda 11-0 

29 80 WIX*S WARRIOR (WCastray) BA Ham 11-0 

30 COOSJ LOVEAlrsS Polnton) E Wlweiar 10« 

32 tO DUCHESS OF CONNAUT(R Thomas) DBurohsH 10-9 

34 p MEMBERS PRBHJD HokhvajA N MltchaR 10-0 

36 00 STteERROKCR (C Pkanmar) □ Kaytta Jonas 10-0 

38 p BUPeRFROST (Bar Equipment A Rafrigarsdot^ J Fo* 10-9 

2D atom.* 0 * Pf*! Iha TroadL SThamm ialand. BAKU. *12 Sterna, 18 Oamocrattc Boy, 

FORM DEMOCNATO BOY (10-10)121 2nd to Tatoada (10-10) at Devon (2m It Nov hdto. H.8B0. 
haavy, Jan 1.11 rant FRED THE TOEADJ11-0) 321 «h to Tangoanat tfr-0) at Chaltaitfnm (&n i 
Nov naa,' £4,188. soR, Jan 1.11 rank SYMBIOTIC (1 0-10) 1S4ih to San barioa (10-ICQ at Forilwsf 
ten r Nov htfl, £962, flood to aolt Jan 13, 19 ran) with TERRA' D( BEHA (10-10) pided up boNnd. ; 
THAIESttLAND(UL7)2a4<htoT1iiwiY8tarni-^atHaydodcpniNovhdla,£1A47,soh.Jan3. : 
15 ran). IROV PAR (11 -0) a length 2nd to fan KMad (11-7| at Aaoot (2m 41 Nov hdhi, £2^26. good 
to aoS. Jan 10, 9 ran) wtih ATTKI (1 1-0) 821 t»ck¥i Kh. 

Saiacaan: TROY FAIR. 

Goins: good (chase course); good to soft (hurdles) 

1.30 STOP GAP NOVICES HURDLE (DivI: £1,175: 2m) £25 runners) 

3 2-23102 

5 24-13% 

7 00 

8 04/ 

10 D- 

12 0 


IB 0 

19 0 

20 30-10 


25 2- 

20 0 

27 Q-oO 

30 24-00 

31 1-0 

32 030 

38 O- 

39 a30f 

MO h 

41 niOOO 

42 00 

44 03p0-l 

45 3p 

(HHawfcariRthMfear 8-11^1 , 

3.45 GROUSE HAbKNCAP CHASE (£2^74: 3m) (10) 

■1 241-lpO BHK&fT DREAM (D) (HJoeQJGHIord 10-11-10 — 

2 pIMpt CLYDE COURT (0) (Qp) (C CTOtWl) F Wtnlsr 0-11-10 

S U/2O20- TRKXA IB) (A Hu4LK«Mard 10-10-11 

7 1-41111 FLAXEN TINA (Mrs SGee)J Webber B-10-10 

B 810403 FREDPtilNBI (CD) (NJo)nMn)M Soudamora 0-10-10 . 
ID 24-0332 ROYSCARU Chankil J ChankiB-ltK! 

13 410-22U CHEADtf GREEN (Qao H WabbailT I 

4 001200/ NPEREJM fl» IN New) J Old 0-11-3 . I* C UowoOvn 7 

7.- 231-444 , LEBARTHOW .0) (CD) (TRagaatq Mrs SDmrorvort 0-10-11 GMamtGh 

8 ..21D/QD3 1 BOHStASH (W (H Mrfcrt) OBaMno 8-104) — a 8 Eharwood 

10 04100- SHOEMEIR«fe(p Radford} £ RodtotdVl 0-9 1 ■ .d rvsy 

13 43tt-a0 MASTBt CONE (MB Raid) MG Raid 9-10-0 '- ,-- an — r 

14 maM.^mblCCT BRWEfBMwintoO B PaBna 8-1048 .CEvera 7 

15. KtoOpO BaSTERPITT Ip) p BrooffiMP»a7-to8 ^Pleach 

T7 0jJ00D-l MBlE m (H BtortR Btokanwy 1V-10-4 . Jrtdy BMaroy 7 

18 8811041 MAIO MfrMMlH (Mrs E-Tbckaf).R Hodgos9-Uk3 „PmarHot** 

20 0n-200-' FOLKLAIffii KOi (W Yaomana) D Arbothnot 5-11W —KMoorwy 

21. p0004tt. PARTY MOB BCuida)WEFlBhar 11-104) J3Cmt 4 

22 (0-4423 FREE CHOICE (□) ffira M Otm) MOBvar B-104) :. — H Dunvroody 

23 OttUXB '-DiOEANV^QBeni^DMChalaon 7-104) ; P Scudamore 

24 3201041 ‘ WYMA (Mrs M PaBW) BPtftog 8-108 : AGrWUhs 

25 MMto- awOKELTER (MrsT Sanier) CnUnn 5-10-0 WKikW 4 

26 DOOfffp (QLSYTH (MPointOp) E Wtlialar7-10-0: : ; _J«Bowfey7. 

27 Sm/W-BFOUTCMECX » (R Brookhouao) J Spaaring 10-A04J ^ — ; - 

28- 030p4)u SVMRATIQUETr EMaaB) tflas E Snayd 8-1041 — — JnmaWnoaPt 

30 O/tXMO- SWITCH OFF pAndaraonll Andaraon 8-104)- — - 

100-30 Flaa Chotaa, 9-2 RdncaTs Ortva, 0 MNHa. 8 hdarai Dart, Bgharaah, 9 Punaany, 10 
Party PkOaa. 12 Maitoid Lad, 14 La 3artfnia, It atharo. 

FDRIEBWUAHA DARE n 1-41 4HI 4th to YasMaatar (108) at Ascot laataaaaanjl 1-2) beat Bror 
QTaat (12-1) 101 at Newtury pre H'auHdto.'ZI JB03, soft, Dae 81, 18. ran). DOHERAW (HM) II 
STdtoWra Star (11-2) Mtn LE SARIHOU (108)1 Xi back In 4th and fcND AL E AK (10-1$ a 
nack away Sh. MALFORD LAD (1081 12m, OaRanham (3m H*qap Hdto. £3^83, toft, Jan 2.' 14 
ranLHANbME DOWN (104) 1001 ot 14 at Nawton Abbot laat aeaa oo ^(11-1) be at Monmouthpl- 
61 &M Bangor Om 41 Nov hdto. £1,131. haavy. Apr 13, 14 ran). PWNCtS DRIVE (1M0W 

— JSGnry 


X Evan* 7 
— PLaach 
Btakanay T 
-X Mooney 

CCox 4 

-WKnooc 4 
UBoaifey 7. 

13 410-2211 CHEADLE GREEN (I 

15 2p-1242 QOLDH HORNET (KWDiavi)KDwin 8-1 08 RStronpi 

16 ^i13-p BAY FtMESTMaDChaaMra) Mrs EKemwd 0-108 MRteharda 

17 D3p-4pp C0WI1ME COBBLER (EG (MStaphans)MSMphm 8-108 A Carrol 

04 GMe Ccaat 3 Brtrftt Dream, 4 Raxan Una. f Fiad PMhar, 8 Royacar, 1 8 Chaadta Green. 

14 Goiden Hornet, 16 others. 

WabbartT Haten 9-108 . 
unn) K Draw 8-108 

FI Rowe 

S Sherwood 
_Q Manual 

B MHman 

JP Richards 

1 44/111-4 

2 4-11102 

3 (13313 

5 322240 

0 03-3p31 

| Ms E Kenrard 8-108 

I Stephens) M Stephens 8-1 08 , 

FORM: BRtGKT DREAM (102) 7th bahtod Rial And SWpfll-1) at Sandcnm (3m 61), aar«ar[10-1) 
baatewitanPafk (ifl-i* a head at MMharby (3m tfcap ch. 23860. good to soft Dae 7. 12 rad). 
QLYDE COURT, unsealed rider 6 out last Gne, Barter (10-2) 1(1 401 behind Qahway BtazaflO-O) in 

Say 7-10-0 

1S8& Damta Auburn B-11-7 R Crank (B-1) R Franck B ran. 
7-4 Back in Action. B-4 Lodnai, 7-2 Akram, 158 GhaaN. 8 Sfiava Bracken. 

2.30 STOP GAP NOVICE HURDLE (Div II: £1 ,140: 2m) (20) 

1 OS-MOO DHYFEHEAD (B) (D) (J EBoQ K Baley 0-1 1-0 

4 02-8410 TACHADOR (D) (P Axon) R Hodaas 5-11-9 

.G McCoui 

QO-2) IB 401 behind Qahway Blaze * 
474, good to Dm, Nov 23. 15 raiL I 
kr (108) m at Towcaatar (3m H'i 

at Uflmanr (3m 2f tToap Ch, £1988, good. Ngy 14) boat ailort this saasoa ROYBCAR flb-7) B I 
Nawtan Abbot n*msr-upto Broadhaatfi (10-T3L BOLDEN HORNET (10-7) a dfctanca away 4th | 
and Chea dk Orean (10-7] unaaadng hta rider (3ra 2f H~c ^ Ch, ml4. haavy. Dae 28, 12 ran). 

and Chaada Groan flO-7] unaaadng Ms rider (3tn 21 H"t 
GOLDE N HORNET ri04 151 2nd to Macoflvar (1 05) at 
£2067, aoft, Jan 9, 1 8 ran). 

SatacOon: ROYBCAR. 

kat 0ma pm 1! H*cap Ch. 

4 02-0410 TACHADOR (cnjfPAxortR Hodges 5-118 G McCoun 

6 fl>8300 CAFTAMS ANSWER (HAS WSynn) Mrs WSytas 7-11-2 — _P Warner 

0 pp8 FUU. PURSUIT OMrs J Spteknan) RHoidarS-TI -2 N Coleman 

1 OpOQ/p GOLDEN DE9TMY (M Hchnea) K Morgan 7-11-2 S Johnson 

2 232800 INDIAN (B) (T Baylayt JGtow 6-11-2 Data McKaown 7 

4 1/0 MERCADO MABIC to ABtaon) N Bycrott 0-1 18 A Stringer 

8 0 ROSS TYCOON (MWaNer) JSpewlng5.11 -2 A Webb 

O p0400-p SPACE OEM IJ LuksslW WWston 5-11-2 SJ O’Neil 

tl 08 STGABRIEMITiBBjTTala 5-11-2 Mr T Tata 

2 000 SUNNY SUNBEAM (Mr* A Pntarson)E Owen jui 5-11-2 MBoatay4 

St 000 WHTTEnHARB (A BachsS] Mrs A HawHt 8-1 1-2 

7 p8u KAYE-WOOD (Mrs M Marstan) Mrs MThwnam 6-1 0-11 JJO'Naffl 

20 p0400-p SPACE GEM [J LukaslIV WMstOh 5-11-2 

21 08 STGABRIEMITiBBjTTala 5-11-2 

22 000 SUNNY SUNBEAM (Mro A Patarson)E Owen kai 

24 000 WHnEHHARS (A BirchiA) Mrs A HawHt 8-1 1-2 . 

27 p8u KAYE-WOO0 (Mra M Marston) Mrs M Thomas 6 

nack aam StKOULFORD LAD(108) 12m, chatenhanr (3m Wcap Hdta. £3^83, soft. Jan 2.14 
ranLHANb ME DOWN (104) UMiot 14 atNawtoo Abbot teat seas on fll-1) be at Motanouh (11- 
6) S M Bangor (2m Ml Nov hdta . £1,13 1, Iwavv. Apr 13, 14 ran). PIUNCE'S DRIVE (10-101$ 
runroroptoVtthrea a MIlwHi FREE OfOCC (10^ B away 3rd, and MRTY USB (tO-1) SKI 
back tilth Hereftxd (3m il (Tap Hda, Z\25T. good. Dbg A 17 ranL ^FDUOAND (ll-» MM 
effort 31 ted to PrinawsHecatofn -8) Hereford Pro tf H , capHrta > *1579. Arm, 0*4.171*3. 
DteKANT (ID-1) a 2nd to Camaadas (11-7) at Sandoam phi « H'cap Hdto. £1438, aoft Jmi«. 


C1D . 

Leicester results 

2.45 RALPH MOREL CUP HANDICAP CHASE {£2,1 69: 2m 4f) (8) 

2 u11/t2p SOUDNIEOTEE 

3 1133-« MJSTYf 

5 11-0000 KELLY’S 



BP) (MraSBnbiricos) JBflTord9-11-7 
8umneOTFdrator 8-11-5 — 

JWafabar 7-118 

Dn/npat 10-10-11 — P Soudamora 

IP) (Shakh Abo Khamah)FWW»r 3-10-10 aaMV nm 1 

9 1-13002 OY S T ER POND (» K Martin Clartia} M MoCourt 9-1 M DurwroOdy 

12 018000 WA LNUT W ONDER JC) IR H&AmarrfR Htdonan 11-10-1 

14 304430 THORNTON (CD) (P TuBkaflS May 7-108 H Derate * 

1 0-4 (Sutton Princa, 3 Maty Fort. 4 Kelly's Honor, 5 Simon Laflyaa. 8 Oyster Pond. 10 others- 

2 00 DR CORNELIUS (G AHam) Q Ham 5-118 _ 

3 0 DfEEAM00AT(FlragateLtd)00 1 NaR5-118 

8 a MCAMCD- Norman) D Tucker 5-11 8 

7 - - 82- BJMOON (W (Ms M McCutfcv) M Saitmsn 5-11-4 

9 ; pOl-pOO MINNIE FULLBI (B Htcka) B Hbrica 5-11-4 

10 .040000 NfflHT WARBLER (CBuc«ar)NAytfla 5-1 1-4 

12 ' 0 DONNA’S BOY Mi EHaw) Mrs E Hart 4-1 0-10 

14 QWUJM E MTERPHI BE (RJudtea) RJtgfcea 4-10-10 

17 00 RIVBR8DE WRITER IQ Kattou)K Bridgwater 4-10-10 

18 . pOO STRANGE BREW (MHpa) Ml 


7*4 Rtvaraids Writer, 3 Dreamcoat, 4 Dr OomaOua, 7 B J Moon, 10 Donna's Boy, 12 Strsnga 

FORM: DR CORNEUUS (118 rtatanca 8th lb Eadar Hausa (11-6) at Dmron (Wn II Nov Safl Hdla. 
£553, heavy, Jan 1,9 ranL DREAMCOAT (11 8) backward and Sth oil 7 to Golden Radeamerfll- 
0 at Ludtow On Now Hdia, £311. good to Orra, Nov 27, 17 ran). BJMOON Qp-Z) 2nd beaten n ter 
Hi rtgh (10-7)^ at Devon Q» If Juv Sal Hdk. £558, good, Oct 9.7 ranL MVBMDE WRITER (ID 
10) impnesd behind Uy DomMan (11-^ at Warwick; Barter (10-10 49 801 to Solar Ctoul (10-10) 
St Worcaatar (Sm Juv Hdk. £695. ntt, Dae 4. 22 rartt. STRANGE BREW (10-q 38 W 60i to 
PooeUa (1D8)« Warwick (Em Nov Sel Hdk. £479. soft. Deo 13. 9 ran). 


Mackey 5 
TWBkms 5 
Wtnrina 5 

Doyta 5 
Yeoman 5 
TPMMd 5 
Wo rthto gc n 5 

I Lower 

H Jenldna 

28 1, AUNTIE DOT (A Webber, 2-1); 2, Gimiwr 
Gtft (P Murphy. 11-2); A Jaato (M Dwyar. 58 
bv). ALSO RAN: 25 Bernttl (4th), 33 Mttual 
House, 40 Constable Ka9y (Stfl, The SteM 
Erwaor. Penny Falls, tear Part, Brunan. 
Mandy’s Brother (6tn). Sexton Ash (500. 12 
ran. NR: Up The Srtckat Kuwait Weather. 
Rodger De£ J Webber at Banbury. TOTE: 
£530. £120, £1.60. E1.10. DF: £8.10. CSF: 
£13.11. Gunner GW finished fim, alter a 
stewards inquiry and an objection by the 
second, 0 » flna two places ware reversed. 

220 (3m ch] 1. MKTY DALE (B da Haan, 
Evans lav); 2. Laksfkld (W Worthkigun, 100- 
n 3, Goideo Mtastrol (R Rows. 14-n ALSO 
RAN: 4 Goktspun, 5 Macedonian. 12 fw Hal, 
16 Ayte Haro (4th). 20 Wye Lea 33 AuSunwi 
Show, Corrfii Rangers (6th). 50 SAvar Design 
{Pali. 10 Mat (PULMMmax (F), My Malar (5th). 
Ra]ans Air (F). 15 ran. 6L IS. 1V4L 41. 2L Mrs J 
Pitman at Upper Lamboum. TOTE: £2.00; 
£1.10. £1220, £420. DF; £10850. CSF: 

32 (2m Ch) 1. SHREWD OPERATOR (Mr T 
Costafio. 4-1B 2. Paddyboro (R Rowe, 11-10 
twit 3, F™nch Union (P Scudamore. 5-2). 
ALSO RAN: 10 Rsaika Shot (5th). 11 
Toirdeabhach (4th). 5 ran. Nil Spinning Satftt. 
31, 11. 101 T Casey at AdstonaTTOTE £320; 
£320, n.m DF: £520. CSF: £8.77. 

320 (2m 
2. VM Bo] 
(G Charles 
Mac (5th), 
Asset 33 
Jackie's Lc 



wtD make the betting shop a little 
more like a gentlemen's dab". 
“Done aw money on the BAGS 
forecast when Assyrian Eagle came 
in at 8-1 In the 1.07 at Hackney" as 
they say at the Reform Cloh. 

Betting shops are already becom- 
ing high-tech operations. My local 
shop has done away with the 
boardnUB and his dutch of felt tips, 
and brought in a bank of monitors 
that relay the odds, runners, riders, 
results, and, of course, the dreaded 
BAGS forecast (Bookmakers* After- 
noon Greyhocnd Sendee, to noflini- 
tiaies) in glowing graphic displays. 

But as the shackles of law are 
shrugged off, the tecta will get yet 
higher. Not only will the punter, 
clasping his high-tech coffee to his 
bosom, be able to watch Brough 
Scott on Channel 4, he will also be 
able to watch the meetings the 
regular television companies ignore. 

Satelite and cable will pomp 
stride-by-stride from Haydock 
straight into Barnet High Street 
next year and I wfl] be able to follow 
every yard of whatever f Pi ar e 
fgnomomies Be in store for Earls 
Brig. In 1987 bookmakers plan to 
show at least one live horse or dog 
meeting every' day. 

HllTs are looking farther ahead 
than that. They are designing a 
“betting shop of the future", which 
yon wfl] key your bet into a machine, 
watch normal television broadcasts, 
or sanelltes or cable, natch video 
replays of the races, and even 
encounter something that sounds 
physiologically disastrous: the 
commentary extended into the 
lavatories. •- 

"When people can bet in comfort, 
they WOI Gorget the seedy image of 
the betting shop". Raper says. 
Indeed, the facilities sound rather 
better than those you meet at the 
cheap end of the average racecourse. 
Is it possible that high street 
comfort will mean that pun ten will 
give op race going altogether? that 
the sport of kings win became like 
Afternoon greyhound meetings and 
torn into a lonely, private matter 
attended by grooms, jockeys and 
officials and no one else? 

Raper insists that race going b a 
different habit lo betting shop 
panting. Perhaps he is right. Bat 
these useful and natural reforms 
make it dear what the sport is all 
about and for whose benefit It is 
mostly run. The bread and butter 
daily racing is ran, more and more, 
to the advantage of the big 
bookmakers and for the benefit of 
the hydra-beaded punter in the 
street. Or as John Power, the East- 
end bookie once said: "Most people 
bet silly money. But a lot of silly 
money adds op to sensible money, 
doesn't it?" 


Curley 5-10-11 . 




28 21 

29 00 

31 0 

32 03/00 

33 14 

37 00 _ _ _ 

*1 ROSE dOCKET (Mr* sWulou) J Harris 4-108 — J A Harris 

1885: Try To Stop Ma 4-1 0-5 C Grant (9-2) Denys Srrttfi 10 ran. 

7-2 Sea Counteu, 9-2 Listen Fleur, 5 Captains Answer, 8 OryfWiaad, 8 Mary Kan O'Brien. 
10 St Gabriel, Tacnador, Inrtan, 16 others. 

— — M Caswell 

D Murphy 4 

M FBrnan 4 

— S Smitti Ecrfes 


— — P Blackburn 
J A Harris 

3.0 ELVASTON HOVICE CHASE (£1,971: 2m) (17) 

1 0000-1 MR MOUSE {ty(M Josephs] N Gaseioe 7-11-11 O Browne 

2 uf-0143 TEtESONGiC Sawders) C Saunders 7-11-11 MrJWnmu* 

3 200801 MISS TALLI (P Evans) R Hartop 7-1 18 _J Baric/# 

BALLY CODE (M Taylor) R Hodges 7-11-4 S MeNefl 

CHERRY PIT (D Jackson) RArmynge 8-11-4 _A Webber 

MGHLANO LJHE (Queen Mott»riRCtiamplon 9-1 1-4 MrTGrantoam 

INDIAN RANGE (Mrs L Seiran Mrs MRlmel 6-11-4 G McCeurt 

JUST WHARTON (W Hardy) WHwdy 9-1 1-4 M Brennan 

PAWNBROKER (J Wilson) R Champion 8-11-4 P Doubts 

RASTASEMEFAiCH (S Burt) S Burt B-1 1-4 Mr M Sowar^y 7 

HELMOREIP Doughs) GKtodareky 0-T1-4. MrTThomsorKlonas 

WEAVERS WAY (A Blacktiam) B Cteobridge 6-1 1-4 CMarm 

GRAFTON MA1SEY (A Cooper) J Bosley 7-10-13 MBostey* 

SALLY BLUEIMrs S Lalghun) C Jackson 10-10-13 SSmnhEccfaa 

WHM KNOWE(MEss E iMHams) Mrs J Evans 7-10-13 - 

LY CODE (M Taylor) R Hodges 7-11-4 S 

RRY PIT (D Jackson) R Armwage 8-11-4 A 

HAND LINE (Queen Mother) HQtamplan 9-1 1-4 Mj-TG 

IN RANGE (Mrs L Sovran Mrs MRlmel 6-1 1-4 Gl 

r WHARTON (W Hardy) WHwdy 9-1 1-4 Ml 


R Champion 5-1 0-10 _ 
tenant 5-10-10 

_J Duocan 

D 0*17 

7-2 Kouros. 4 Metman, 92 Up Cooke. 11-2 Prince Ramboro, 10 Bold Conna cfi on. Mat 
OMcer, Speak No Evfi, 14 Rad Columbia, 16 oihare. 

Nottingham selections 

By Mandarin 

1.30 Bold Connection. 2.0 Back In Action. 2.30 Captain's Answer. 3.0 
Tenesong. 3.30 Bar^lL 4.0 Well CoverecL 

By Mkhad Seely 
330 BargilL 4.0 hfl DAO (Nap). 

2.0 BONN1NGTON HANDICAP CHASE (£1 ,584: 2m) (5) 

-ID S Johnson 

1985: Flaxen Tine 7-10-10 G Memagh (74 Jt4av)J Webber 6 ran. 

94 Tenesong. 54! Mr Mousa. 7-2 Indian Range, 118 Miss TaB, 10 RastaaamataJcft. 18 

M Boday 4 

A Webber 


P W«rwr . 

G waQama 

. .MrR Morris 7 

-ID S Johnson 

8 .G McCourt 

Mast) Mrs J PBman 7-1 18 Ado Haan 

Mtman)W Clay 10-19-10 SJOTtol 

fioy 7-10-0 ~A Jonoa 

330 OLLEHTON HANDICAP CHASE (£1 ,830: 3m) (12) 

2 nSSB tJTTLE POLVEIR (D) (M Shone) J Edwards 9-118 D Browne 

2 H0LLqF8LANE(D) (Mra M Jarvis) A Jarvis HMO-12 3 Smith Ecctes 

| LrajJPOPMAN(MJarvla)J Old 10-15-3 QBrecMy 

® groE NOM pride (D) (A ndrew Batfd) P Buraovna 9-10-2 GMcCoun 

1? SI 1 ® «BPAPROI^(te(GAFafndon)Jwilson2ll« M Dwyer 

11 BJT.'H GAHOILL(D)(BR(MraJFhwlarlFwWer7-1M IDugjtn 

15 SMS «LL^)(Lord LovwtiiATiel T FDrstar 10-T0-2 M Bt3£y4 

12 SMS M Gnim)J Webber 7-10-1 A Webber 

« MAZY DAY (D) (C Htorir^a) C HtWWiga 7-108 RHym 

22 SMALL MON^ (D Drew.) Mra WSyka. 7-108 PWwrwr . 

« 25^*22? ®4LLYQROOBY (T Uftagg) R PerkJna 9-108 QWUama 

20 03080p ALABAMA (F S Jackson) F Jackson 8-108 .MrR Morris 7 

19B& Smith’s M»i7-11-5 MPorrett (100-30 fav) Mrs J Pitman 9 ran. 

4.0 CARLTON HANDICAP HURDLE (£1 ,507:2m) (16) 

1 013110- MALUmiANO (mu Upson) WCaaey 5-1 1-ID EBuddey7 

4 010303- NMOVOUkDOR(D)(HDaia)H Dais 5-1 1-7 Suaan Wltan T 

5 012001- Ml DADim (Placard Ltd) MraJ Pitman 9-1 18 J4 Pitman 4 

13 001830 BONT ANHOY ME (D| |&tfotmnt Promotions) RWhltakar 6-1 08 RBeggsn 

14 0000-21 NO FLUKE (CO) (F Yardtoy) F Yardtey 6-10-8. AOckman 

15 002403 BATON MATCH (CDlfCommunidata Lid) M Chapman 6-108 RBadour7 

18 0-21238 WELL COVERS) (K Tomflnson) R Hollnshead 5.10-5 JJOTMI 

17 002103 PEROVSK1A (D) (Mrs W Sykas) Mrs W Sykes 5-10-5 PWsmsr. 

18 .280001 MAGIC MDK (Mrs E Marks) RHotoar 6-10-2_—__ NON-RUMMER 

19 121 KNRJKTS HEM (J Roas) LUghttrown 5-108 R Chapman 4 

20 04WD-P0 BROCK HILL (D) (Miss S Low) C Jackson KMO-1 1*MLow4 

23 01410 BUCKHNSTER BOY m)(P Green) W Wharton 5-108 M Brennan 

27 4f-p032 CIMARRON CD) (TowKstar Ltd) J Nation 8-108 PAFarra«4 

28 0001 -pO JOSHING ffiSpteerlRSpicar 5-1 08 S Johnson- 

29 p0p288 DMADANPMvris) A P Jamas 5-108 <3 Jonas 

30 OOOp JO-ANOREW (Mrs M HBa) D Chapman B-108 SKalghdey 

1185: Baton Mod) 5-108 R Goldstein (9-2) M Chapman 15 ran. 

7-2 Kraghrs Hair, 4 U Dad. 5 Magic Mink, 182 Baton Match. 8 MafistranoL 10 Wal Covered. 
12 Parovakia. 14 Nino Voiador. 20 ottwra. 


_ — R BaBour7 

JJ O'Neal 

— i> Warner. 


R Chapman 4 

Mr M Low 4 

_m Brennan 

P A Farre3 4 


.G Jonas 


Blue Lea. Mchale My Bona. 18 ran. NR: Brown 
Beau. 8, VJ. 5L 8L «L Mra J Pitman at Upper 

Beau. 8, 5L 6L «i Mrs J Pitman at Upper 
Lamboum. TOTE: £18£0; £3.00. £1.10. £5.70. 
DP £28.70. CSF: £1383. 

4X0 (2m hdto) 1, JUDrS DOWRY (M 
Brennan, 7-2f, 2. DtanatCaTtew (R Eamshaw, 
15-1); 3. Paeri Ron (P Warner, 74 (av). ALSO 
RAN: 78 French Captain (4uh), 4 Lady Tut. 8 
Mister Gotten. B ran. 31, B. lift 2VM. 15L W 
Wharton at Melton Mowbray. TOTE: £2X0; 
£2.60. £320. DF: £46X0. CSF; £41 47. 

John Oxley dies 

John Oxley, the former Newmar- 
ket trainer, died on Sunday night 
after a long illness. Oxley, aged S3, 
had many big-race successes in a 17- 
\-ear career. His only classic victory 
came in 1964 when be saddled Sir 
Foster Robinson’s Homeward 
Bound to win the Epsom Oaks. 

uoJ*» Misty Dale shines 

Misty Dale made an impressive 
debut over fences when winning the 
Cottesmore Novices’ Chase at 
Leicester yesterday. Jumping su- 
perbly under Ben de Haan he came, 
home six lengths dear of the 100-1 
shot Lakefield. 

“Ii was certainly a nice introduc- 
tion for Misty Dale,” said Jenny 
Pitman, who wants to qualify the 
gelding for the Tote Chase series. “If 
all goes well, the Sun Alliance Chase 
at Cheltenham will be his objective" 

Mrs Pitman, who completed a 
double with La fosse, said that 
Burrough Hill Lad was almost 
certain to run at Doncaster on 

01-837 0668 



- .r' S 

. ' 0* 


. Jc-yj* 


• '...-To* 



Up to E8,178 per annum (under review) 

Vacancies arise in the' office of the clerk to the 
justices, and offer an excellent opportunity to 
embark on "a career in magistrates' courts. 
Reference wffl be given to those qualified as 
barristers or sofidtbf. Recent finalists may also 
apply. Starting salary according to qualifications 
and experience; a person who has passed the 
relevant final examinations may. expect to. start 
at £7,368 per annum, National conditions of 
service apply. 

Letters of application - giving details of 
' experience, age and qualification, together with 
> the name and addresses of two referees should 
' reach me not later than the 11th 
1986: Telephone enquiries to Norwich (0603) 


. ■ Cleric to the Justices, Magistrate* Court, 
Bishopgate, NORWICH, NR3 1UP 


efiaats. toioin us with -a view to taratfl^ ow tois 

with aridanabiity to corranumi^to ctearly and 

. ffyou'are interested. ptease 

dGteMs- to: iHchaeL'H, Ptnn, 22 Greencoat Ptew, 
Westminster, LondonSWIPIDV. • 




Have a vacancy for a recently qualified solicitor or 
one with up to 2 years post qualification experience. 

Although experience of shipping or commercial 
law would be an advantage importance will be at- 
tached to applicants enthusiasm, common sense 
and appetite for hard work. 

Salary negotiable, and this position offers excel- 
lent prospects In an expanding firm. 

Applicants should write with full C.V. to: 

M. G. Chambers, 

99 Aldwych, London WC2B 4JF 




SALARY £8,178-£11, 016 pa 
(Under review) 


SALARY £7,368-£8,178 pa 
(Under review) 

Applications are .Invited from (young) Barristers or 
Sofidtors to fill above the posts in Kings Lynn. Persons 
without experience may be appointed tbTrainee grades 
with a view to promotion to Bstabflslwd court derks post 
attar fufflflng a rapd traWt^Wduction programme. 

National conditions of sendee apply. Applications, 
enclosing a full CV, plus two-referees, should reach me 
by the 31 st January 1986. " 

FL J. Haynes, Clerk to the Justices, The Court House, 
Cottage Lana, Kings LynQ PE30 1PQ. 

Commercial Solicitor 

Attractive salary + car 

i interests, 

Our client is a large UK public company with substantial overseas interests, 
involved in the manufacture and marketing of high technology products. 

Its requirement is for a company/commercial solid tor with 1 to 2 years’post 
qualification experience gained in industry or the Profession, to work within 
a small team based at their head office in Central London. 

inrHt riAwil will be responsible for the commercial legal affairs of app imi- 
tnareW 20 operating subsidiaries, including instructing and liaising with 
outside advisees where appropriate. 

There will be a good deal of travel within the UK and some overseas, and the 
successful candidate, who will be of a high caKbte, will receive a generous 
salary and an att r a c tive range of benefits including a company car. 

Please telephone Laurence Simons on 01-831 2000 (01*485 U45 

evenings/ weekends) or write to him at The Legal Division, Michael 
Page Partnership (UK), 39-41 Plarker Street, London WC2B 5LH. 
Strictest confidentiality assured. 


Michael Page Rutnership 

In te rnational Recruitment Consultants 
LmdoaWimbor Bristol Bamn^hatn Manchester Leeds Gbsgmv 
BrossdsNewVbrt Sydney 
A memtvrei AcAiUison Rtffn£g?uup 




(CC/PAO Pts. 1-12 - Salary £MT1 1» £12,765 M- 

- tadBsve of Loadoa WeigHnig) 

Applications are invited from suitably qualified persons preferably 
wftti experience in the work of a Justices’ Clerk's office and who 
era aWe to take a wfcte range of court sittings without supervision. 
Applications would also be considered from Barrister® or 
SoficBorB without prarious o 301 * experience who wish to lake l 4> a 
career m the Magistrates' Courts Service. 

The comm8ncfcig salary within the above rtfige will be determined 
on the basis of quafifications and experience. A legally qualified 
candidate with at least 12 months experience can expect a salary 
Of £11.348 px. 

These poets are subject to the LN.G.S.C. raig fence pro cedur e. 
With their agreement h is now bring offered on on unrestricted 
baste. ApchcBUoTO are Invited from anyone wim appropriate 
quafi fications end experience but priority wtfl be given to 
employees of the Greater London Council or Magistrates' Courts 

CONVEYANCER - Sough. Solicitor 
rcoimvd by orowina Orm N«wty 
Qualified wakwne. ExoUsl nrwmnU 
lor now poraon. TetoodonK 0628 

Appilortfoa lonna, 'ob t ai na ble from the undandgned, should be 
coaipMedeiid returned by 5th February, 1M6. 

CHSJSTOPfffiR .6RUSDY Ctart of tbe CornmiHce, Tin Court- 
house. 177/191 High Road, South Woodford, London E18 2QF. 
Tel (01) 504 9518. 

wfflmg io tfeo i wtth some non 
eontemiens. for tmall HamroWra 
Town Firm. flood vnwtn, 
IiMOO. - Wwo Camultente. 


HHctfaf. DtverM rang* « work 
InttnUnfl ureb aw co irycynncfax i and 
cwQany comiDKou v/nn aar« 
Town Ffm- So*ra» io fiiaxod. 
WMMX Consultant*. OU6 261 83. 

COIWEYAMCWO. wcorea vpaaaoo- 
•hood firm bwictog tor (wo SolUton 
or tooai flxflcuttvra. wkr our Soutt 
t *Z35a grttoByte* NBer _rar_i win 
London. Teimnone: 703 0099. Hen 

under a2 toowng for (rartnnma 
pratpecM young kuw 2 omre 
pnarsficc In Hama.-Surrjy ooroere. 
ciaooo. Wwtr&r Consuiunia. OM6 

International Trade 

We seek a 


for our Company/Commercial Department who 
will ideally be qualified for between two and four 
years, with experience in the law and practice 
relating to International Trade, from international 
sale of goods to shipping and final documen- 
tation. Knowledge and experience of terminal 
markets for commodities and financial instru- 
ments would be an advantage. 

In addition to this work the successful candi- 
date will assist in matters across the full range 
of corporate and commercial work and will join a 
team of strongly motivated young lawyers in a 
stimulating environment. A fully competitive 
salary will be paid. 

Please write with a full curriculum vitae lo: 

Nicholas Baker 
The Administration Partner 
Frere Cholmeley 

28 Lincoln's Inn Reids London, WC2A 

Tameside Magistrates’ Courts Committee 


An ideal opportunity for a newfy-quaHfinf B a iTiitCT/Sotieilpr or 
Qiadu&te who has passed the Law Society Final Examinations, 
10 receive training as a Coun Clerk. Salary during training up to 
£6,753 per annum. 

Applies bom in writing (envelope marked “Trainee Com Cterk 
- ConfidcniiaT) to tne nndenicned by Friday. 31st January. 


Cleric to Tameside Magistrates’ Courts Committee 
Magistrates' Court. Manchester Road 
Ash ton-unde r-Lytte, Lancs OL7 OBG 

also on pages 28, 29 & 30 




Company Secretary 

c.£1 6,500 

West End 

For the holding company of a quoted engineering-based group 
with diverse UK end overseas interests, and pursuing an active 
acquisition policy. 

As part of a young and able team, and working closely with the 
Company Secretary, you will develop your existing strengths 
and acquire new ones. Areas of responsibility include statutory 
and corporate requirements, insurance, pensions and 
employee benefits. 

You are likely to be in your mid to late twenties with a good hon- 
ours degree and an appropriate professional qualification. You 
will have gained 3 to 4 years relevant experience and now wish 
to broaden and consolidate your experience in a challenging 

Salary is negotiable and will not be a bar to the right candidate, 
and good fringe benefits are offered. 

Please writs - in confidence - with career details and current 
salary to Robin Fletcher, ref. A.23045. 

Tha appointment a open to men and women. 

HAY-MSL Selection and Advertising Limited, 

52 Grosvenor Gardens, London SW1W OAW. 

Offices <n Europe. Ota Americas. Auatmaaa ant) Asia PacKc. 

■ 4 **' : ':'h '■ V V? • 


w ; a; ; I 

Badenoch & Clark 

£20.000 + Bonus + Bens 

Our client, a leading firm of Solicitors based in the City, requires a Personal Tax 
Specialist to assist the existing in-house consultant. Dealing with all aspects of 
partnership taxation, the selected individual will join a small established team of 
Management Accountants. 

This is an important role, involving compliance and planning work: the provision of 
advice on the acquisition and disposal of assets: expatriate tax and double tax treaties, 
. advising partners on the tax implications of transfers to Overseas Offices. 

Applications are invited from candidates with a recognised professional qualification 
(ACA/ACCA/ATIl.i, or from fully trained Inspectors within die Inland Revenue. The 
appointed person will be in the age range of thirty to forty, will have a confident yet 
discreet personality, and will greatly enjoy the benefits of working for a highly 
respected and well established major legal practice. 

Please contactTimoSfcy Burras e or Rachel Caine. 

Legal and Financial Recruitment Specialists 
1 6-1 £ New Bridge St, London EC4V 6AU 
Telephone: 01-583 0073 

Wimbledon Magistrates Court 

CC/PAD 1-12 

£8,1 78-El 2,072 + London Weighting 

Applications are invited from Barristers, Solicitors and other persons 
suitably qualified for appointment to this newly created post which 
will be available from the 1st April 1986, as a result of the increas- 
ing size of the Division. 

Preference will be given to thosB applicants able to take all courts 
without supervision, but other less experienced candidates will also 
be considered. 

The person appointed will join a young, expanding, forward looking 
and professional team and consequently can Bxpect a broadening of 
experience both in terms of court work and administrative duties. 
Starting salary wdl be dependent upon qualifications and experience. 
The post is superannuate and the J.N.C. conditions of service will 

Application forms may be obtained from the address below and 
should be returned no later than the 14th February 1986. 

E Packer, Clerk to the Justices, King House, 
la Kings Road, London SW19 8LW. 

01-543 4154 

New Year - 
New Partnership 





Are your partnership ambitions 
frustrated’ Have your efforts gone 
unrewarded? Well finance) new 
London practice tbal bzs more guaJuy 
wont than it can handle urgently seeks 
energetic young solicitor of Ngh 
calibre and experience. 

Immediate partnership prospects. 

Apply m confidence with full C.V., 

Box No 1578 L, 

The Times. 


Small, prestigious hrm providing tax 
advice lo wealthy and influential indi- 
viduals is seeking an assistant who is 
capable of becoming a partner in the 
very short term. Applicants should be 
Banisters or Solicitors, ideally having 
previous fax experience, but this is 
not essential. If you have an appetite 
for hard work, have an outgoing and 
arwable personality, and are looking 
for an excellent salary commensurate 
with (hose Qualities please write, with 
full C.V. to 

Miss A. J. Clark, 

Ingen haag & Co^ 

37-39 Eastdveap, 
London EC3M IDT. 

The Performing Right Society invites applications from 
solid lors/barristers interested in intellectual property. 

The Society is a substantial organisation administering the 
broadcasting and public performance rights of composers 
and publishers of music. It is heavily involved in the 
protection of these rights, and the promotion of the 
copyright cause, nationally and internationally. 

The requirement is fora lawyer (likely to be in the age range 
of 24-32 years) of g ood academic achievement and strong 
practical benL keen to use legal skills in the wider context of 
arts administration. A sound knowledge of French is 

Salary {with a wide range of benefits) negotiable according 
to age and experience. 

Applications (accompanied by a recent photograph), 
marked "Confidenta-L/A", should reach the Director of 
External Affairs, Performing Right Society Ltd, 

29/33 Berners Street, London W1P 4AA by tl February: 

The Performing Right 

Society Limited Uu 

f v«*vv«vr*' - 1-. . -- : 

chief executive and town clerks department 

Thi 3 post is now being offered on an unrestricted basis through the 
ring fence procedure, with the agreement or the London and 
Metropolitan Government Staff Commission. Applications will be 
welcomed from employees of the GLC and Metropolitan County 

Assistant Solicitor 

(Conveyancing) £12,543-£1 3,578 inc. p.a. 

The Council require an Assistant Solicitor to join the Conveyancing 
Team of their Legal Section. In addition to conveyancing work, the 
successful candidate will be expected to deal with a variety of work in 
the areas of general advice to other departments of the Council and to 
play a role in the training and supervision of junior staff. Experience in 
Local Government is no: essential, however, experience in the field of 
leasehold property would be an advantage. 

Form from Head of Personnel Services. Municipal Offices, 
Twickenham TWl 3AA (01-691 71 12) returnable by 7th February, 1986. 

London Borough of 



Locum Solicitors & Legal 
Executives available 

01-248 1139 


6/7 Ludgate Square, 
Ludgate HID, London 
EC4M 7 AS 


Common Law Chambers m 
Temple Chambers have 
vacancies For 3 members 
with own practice between 
5-10 years call. CV to 

Cleric to Chambers 
Mr Paul Staplehurst, 

41 The Avenue. 

Essex CM129HG. 


Newly admitted SoHeKor/Ugal Execu- 
tive wt» can work with minimum 
supervison reamed to norese {maWy 
domestic) conveyancing. AixKy to 
take on soma Hgatton wouid be an 
advantage tut not essential. Salary 
according to experience Sene C.V. 

flow Fetch 
MackarmH A Liart 
16 rest! Street 
HuneMre GU32 3JJ 


Required tor a busy legal 
department In the north London 
area. Managerial duties and 
commercial litigation. No experi- 
ence necessary. Fufl training 
given. Salary negotiable. 
01-446 0211 


Durrani Piesse is a well-established City law firm with an extensive practice 
centred mainly in the financial and commercial arcnas.The practice is rapidly 
expanding whilst maintaining a personal service. 

To meet the increasing complexity and growth of the market, we are seeking 
additional lawyers to assume responsibility for wide-ranging, professionally 
stimulating work in a number of areas: 


Banking and Financial Services 

We are looking for an exceptionally able solicitor with at least S years' relevant 
experience: early and rapid advancement can be anticipated. 

We are also looking for lawyers of up to 2 years' post-qualification experience 
to handle general banking work. 

Corporate and General Commercial 

There are opportunities for lawyers with a minimum of 2 years’ experience in 
the areas of corporate law with an emphasis on new issues, arra general 
commercial law. 


We ne ed a pensions lawyer with at least 2 years' experience to join our 
employment team, where there is considerable scope to develop this aspect 
of the practice. 


A lawyer with around 2 years' experience in the field of taxation u needed to 
assist with our practice. 


A number of opportunities exist for newly qualified lawyers who have 
enthusiasm, good business judgment and the ability to drive litigation matters 
through to a successful conclusion, to act as personal assistants to partners in 
the litigation department. 

In all cases, we shall seek from applicants, who may be solicitors or barristers, 
evidence of initiative and intellectual dexterity' coupled with the ability to 
communicate at a senior level within a fast-paced, progressive vet informal 
and friendly environment A good academic background, ideally to at least 
2.1 degree standard, should preferably, be complemented by 
broadly- based articles. 

In addition to highly competitive remuneration, we offer excellent scope for 
career development in a City' practice. 

Please write in confidence with a full curriculum vitae to 
Tim Street, Durr ant Piesse, 73 Cheapside, London EC2V 6ER. 



have the following vacancies for its expanding City Office. 



If you are practical, academically abteand ambitlousand wouldUte to specialise we«rt 
^ you opportunities in the fotiowmgareasof practice.- 

Commercial Contentious • 

i itirerinn Landlord & Tenant < 



A wide variety of demanding work for 
Commercial, industrial. Banking and 
Insurance Clients. Whilst you should have 

basic knowledge of thapraceduresana 

organisation of contentious work, you 
should also be willing to adapt a flexible 
approach' to problem solving outside the 
conventions of litigation where this is 
possible. ' 



You would have a heavy workload of 
Commercial Property transactions 
involving Planning. Development and 
Landlord and Tenant work. 

'ibu would specialise in disputes concerning . 
Agricultural and Business Tenancies, and 
should be prepared to master the intricacies 
of this complex field. \bur .Clients win 
include Institutional as weft as Private 
Landlords and Farming as well .as 
Commercial and industrial Tenants. . 

Private Client : 

You will be involved with a wide variety -of - 
work for substantial Private Chenfs- 
induding Trusts and Wills with particular 
emphasis on the "bx aspect s of Famfty and - 
Commerical. arrangements for landed - 

The Work in each of the above fields is of high quality We invite applications from candidates 
who have a minimum of two years admitted experience in the relevant specialities. Salary as 
unfikety to present a problem for the right applicants. For first class people the prospects#*, 
excellent Anyone who knows Bristol wifi confirm that it is a liwty and attractive place fofive- 
andwork. - . - ' ^ 

Please apply with fun CV Indicating the post which Interests you to . , - f 

Peter Laws, Burges Salmon. Narrow Quay House, Prince Street, Bristol BS14AH’’ - 


Company and Commercial 

Corporate Finance 

Our client is a well known and progressive firm of London solicitors, 
who have grown rapidly over the past few years arid continue to expand. 
It lias a varied general practice and a strong commercial bias. 

It now has a need for additional high calibre people in itscompany 
and commercial department. The work is varied and demanding with a 
strong emphasis upon public company clients, particularly in the areas 
of financial services and the oil and gas industry. There is alsoa 
significant element of corporate finance work. 

You should have been qualified for at least a year and hav e ga fried 
some experience in public company or banking work, either witha 
major provincial or well known City firm. These positions ofter a . 
challenging opportunity to become actively involved in die further 
development of this side of the practice, and highly competitive 
remuneration packages will be offered. 

If you are interested or wish to know' moreplease telephone or wri re 
to John Cameron, quoting ref- C496, aril Got^h Square, London 
EC4A 3DE (telephone 01-583 391 !)-. 



Management Selection Limited 





Three Assistant Solicitors capable of 
dealing with Professional Indemnity, 
Product Liability, Construction, and other 
insurance related litigation. Previous 
experience in this field is essential. 

A Solicitor or Legal Executrve/Manager to 
deal with Employers’ Liability litigation, 
preferably with experience of acting for 

An Assistant, whether admitted or 
unadmitted, to deal with a wide range of 
contentious cases, mainly with an . 
insurance element. A command of written 
and spoken German is essential. 

An Assistant Solicitor capable of handling 
a variety of both contentious and non- 
contentious Intellectual Property work 
and related commercial contracts. 

Written applications are invited with full C.V., to the Staff Partner, 


Longbow House, 14/20 Chiswell Street 
London EC1Y 4TY. 

Badenoch & Clark 



Nxioral Nudes* Corporation Limited wishes to recruit a legally quaEfied person 
rouidertato a new rote in it? contractual and corporate 

activities. based at th* Company headquarters in Knutsfard, Cheshire. 
VSferajuireap ro feBi o ralwhohttoorTWter^ experience arecrfyrcfc\wtt to the ; 
business of the Ccr^any which is die design, engineered procurement and the 
na mg eme nc afeorgauepan at espial phne projects and die provision of 
consultancy services. An abfey to n eg ota t e contracts and to provide post-contract . 
support b esentiaL 

in ackStion, the successM candkfate w* be aqieaed b> advise senior management 
on a range of other matters aflisctkig trie proper running of rfte Company 
To reflect the eontra L aal bias of die joty die incumbent will reporttp the General : 
Manger. Contracts Division, bt* there wOi . on corporate matter*, be a fancdarnl' 
Snk with the Fratce Dteectpr and Ccrryany Sec r et a ry 
Tteisa dtrfengii^ position which wfl require afledbffity of approach and abroad _ 
range.of interest and understanding ctf die legal grd commer c ial requirements of- 
the Company's business. 

The Weal candkJa&ewB be aged between 30 and 3S and w3 have rf* personal . 
qurfloes to be able to represent the Company sutresUy at afllewh. 

An attractive salary wg be offered tothesuaeaW appficancin adtStxsn to first efas 
terms and coneidons of employment- Assistance with relocation expenses wfl be - 
given where appropri a t e . 

If you are eneragadm this excellent career qppomrtty please scndadeta8edCV 
(Quoting Reference Rl I2TT) m 

Mbs K. A. Ross. 

National Nuclear Corporation Limited, 

Boodis Hal, Chatfbrd Rood, Knutsfo«l, Cheshire WAI68QZ. . 
Te l e phone ; Knutsford (0545) 3800 Ext. 3602. 

National Nuclear Corporation Limited 


Our dwnt an exDemefy successful Merchant Bank. 
requires additional staff lor Corporate Bonking 
Duties wiU include structuring complex financial 
packages. Candidates should have some famrflanty 
with tending related transactions and (he ability to 
market products to substantial corporate dlerus. 

On behalf of two of our diems, a Merchant Bank and 
a large Stockbroker we are recruiting young 
Solicitors in their mid to late 20s who haw served 
articles with a substantial Gty firm. Successful 
candidates wtfl become involved In mergers/ 
acquisitions and general corporate advisory work 
with the bank and. for die Stockbroker, the work will 
include U S W. listings. 


VUe have been retained by a number of leading 
Merchant. Investment and International banks to 
provide high calibre Soltedots from leacfingGty Brins 
for a variety of legal advisory and documentation 
positions, which offer exobng prospects of moving 
into front- Sne banking portions 

BANKING -CITY to£18.000 

Two of our diente. both leading Gty practices, are 
seeking newly qualified Solicitors ana those with up 
to three years post qualification experience, for their 
expanding banking department The work Is 
internationally based and highly stimulating with 
excellent rewards and prospects for career 
progression lor high calibre lawyes. 

To discuss these and many otheT opportunities currently available, please contact 

Robert Dig by, JadGth Farmer or John CoVem. 

Legal and Financial Recruitment Specialists 
1 6-1 8 New Bridge St, London EC4V 6AU 
Telephone: 01-583 0073 




Aidwych practice vritb strong 
commercial bias seeks able solid tor 
to jds the Litigation Department 
of this small friendly firm. Our 
work b varied and interesting in- 
valving High Court and County 
Court matter* with some matri- 
monial, Pr e ference vriQ be given to 
applicants with about nro yean 
experience although a newly ad- 
mitted solid tor will be considered. 

Please send fall CV. to: 

PLikuJ T7 ■ 


Asafcnons, 99 Aldwych, 
London, WC2. 



An International Financial Services Group with 
Corporate Headquarters in Brussels, seeks to 
appoint a young, newly qualified Solicitor, as 
Assistant to the Vice President, Administration, in 
Brussels. General experience in company, property, 
commercial and some litigation, would be 
considered advantageous. 

Salary negotiable. Interviews will be held in London. 
Write with full CV to Box 1 21 8 N, The Times. 

C ourt ! 3 af«iraateS 

Cambertey, Surrey 
E Highly competitive + car 

This mil repanfed Farajy Practice has amalgamated with a substantial pro- 
pessfva Mftfdfesa based firm. As a result, they require a commiaed soSSor 
with the desire wtatt&y to maintain and devatoptha Practice, 

Pieferafity qwHW two yeas with general practice eqwiana. Iw/sha 
w3 be interested n litiga&on including matrimonial lew and. advocacy. 

As mil as offering a generous remuneration package including Item's car 
this opportunty presorts considerable scops for mrfnttsi expression, with 
substantial support from a mti smwured organisation, ftospsets are to ts 
viewed in tna context that erty appficants of partnership calibre mil J» con- 


17 B— t St, Leaden EC4Y1AA Prefesdomd Recrefbneal Cmsettoats 



3 . 


A Senior Trust Solicitor is required by Appleby, 

b years post-qualifying experience in all aspects of . 
private client work with particular emphasis on trust s 
and settlements. Applicants should also have a good 
understanding of personal and trust taxational be 
able to advise international and domestic dienfir on / ' 
estate planning matters, wills and probate practice. 

A good knowledge of company law would be useful. 
A pleasing and outgoing personality is essentiaL - 
JntetviewBwfll be hdd in London. ' ’ 

Please send full cv, which will be forwarded to ’ 
sennuda unopened, quoting Ref: R2077/T. . 

W* Wi * 1 i T i H W 


Hyde Pirk Home, SQaKjrigiitAxidae, 
London SW1X T IP 
TeLQi -235 6060 . Tdex; 27874 

■ ' . * « 

S ■■ *’ V-* 

5 _ 

» -•^5 r -« ?’ < *. o 

: 5 ‘; / p 4/ ■> 

,-jri'S' 1 ^ 


rmmr-'Uft ./» 

To £25,000 + Car 

Feeling tiemmed in by a City practice? Want to 
participate in decision-making? Like to join afast- 
nwingix)mpany team? Then this could beihe 
opportunity for you. 

This is a key rote which has involved/during the test 18 
months, an ADR issue in the US,, a US$ Convertible 
Bond issue in the UK, negotiating management buy- 
outs, setting up a joint venture hi Indonesia and .a wide 
variety of banking, company and commercial work. We 
expect the'future to be just as exciting. 

You will have a good academic qualification, relevant 
financial and corporate background gained in the City 
and the ability to communicate effectively at a senior 
level. . • 

Interested? Then send a C.V. to: 

Bob McCall, Personnel Manager, at 1-4 Connaught 
Place, London W22EX. Telephone 01-262 12i2 

Cadbury Schweppes 


A young high calibre qualified for one to two years, 

fo'join oar residential conveyancing department dealing 
with the broadest rangeof properties- A high degree of 
cheat c ontac t and a busy woridoad calls for applicants with 
an inteffigent, enthusiastic and efficient approach. The suc- 
cessfid candidate wiQ be able to take the initiative and to give 
effective and practical advice on all aspects of buying and 
selling residential property as part of a busy team backed by 
the latest in computer technology a We are offering a highly 
competitive remuneration package to the ri ght individual. 
Please write in confidence with foil curriculum vitae to our 
staff partner, John Skelton. 


20 Essex Street * Strand ■ London WC2R 3AL 

- £114.56 - £20,433 London 

£9,729 - £19,006 National 



The Law Society intends to appoint an additional SoUritorineach ofthe 
Legal Aid Offices referred to above in connection with the 241ionrduty 
solid tor scheme to be established in accordance with provisions in. the Police 
& Criminal Evidence Act 1984. Those appointed will be expected to 
undertake the general dvil and criminal legal work of an Area Office in _ 
addition to assisting with the establishment of the 24 hour scheme-. Candidates - 
should have practical experience of both dviland criminal Legal Aid;.There 
are promotion prospects to £26,400 per annum and above, . 

The offices concerned are situated in London, Brighton, Reading, . 
Cardiff and Cambridge, and applicants are asked to indkateiri which office they 
seek appointment - . - • - . - - - - 

The commencing salary will take account of experience and will riot 
necessarily be at the range minimum. 

Conditions of service indude 25 working daysleave, annual s&uy- 
review and increments, and a contributory superannuation scheme with 
dependants provision. * - - . 

Applicants who would like additional information areinvitedto telephone 

the Personnel Manager on 01-353 741L . _ 

. . ' 'Write mcctofiderace by the.7th February 1986, - .. 

■sSvipgfiin details of education, experience, employment, present r^nl 
salary and date available, to: Personnel. Manager, Legal Aid,. I 

Legal Aid Head Office, The Law Society; Newspaper House, l Ellgl l 
8*16 Great New Street, London, EC43BN. ^JE2a2BjJ 

f Corporate Lawyers 

Theodore Goddard are looking for two hardworking and 
enthusiastic corporate lawyers with a minimum of one year s 
post-qualification experience. - 

Our Corporate clients range In size from major companies listed 
on The Stock Exchange or dealt in on the USM to companies 
establishing a new business. Walsohave a substantial 
international corporate practice. Wfe advise clients on ail aspects 
of their corporate affairs and concentrate on public company 
securities work. Stock Exchange and USM listings, mergers and 
acquisitions of public and private companies and banking, 
finance and Insolvency 

Wb 0 ffe r a wide range of interesting and stimulating work together 
with a competitive salary in a friendly office environment. 

Please write to the Personnel Manager enclosing a copy of your 
curriculum vitae. Applications will, of course, be treated In the 
strictest confidence. : J 

I Goddard 

*.• • 16 StMaitin'srlc-Grand, London EC1A 4EJ.- 

i f i ^ 1 1 ^ i 1 ] * i *** ; 



"We are seeking id recruit additional lawyers of oms undm g ability tor our 

' CWTIpATT}' a n d fpmmwo fl] TVpj» ling in 

A heavy, bur varied, workload wlQ encompass both public andprivaie 
company work as well as gen eral and international commercial transactions. 

Opportunities 10 specialise within these fields are available. 

Successful candidates will have a practical commcnjal approach and an ability 
io re late to a wide range of insnnmanal and corporate clients. 

Not less than one year's relevant experience is required. 

Salary and prospects are excellent. 

Applications with full CVs to John Hare FCE, PRrmeiship Secretary', 

. . . Nabarro Nathanson, 76 Jermyn Street, London SVVIY 6NR. 





CORIATS are a leading independent Trust Com- 
pany, well established as advisers to a multi- 
national variety of corporate and private clients. 
We require a young but polished Lawyer to join 
staff at our pnncipal office in Grand Turk, British 
West Indies. 

The appointment offers significant potential as a 
key member of our compact team, for a Lawyer 
able to handle the dramatic as well as the mun- 
dane with equal competence and personality. 

A broad range of company, commercial, chan- 
cery and tax work is involved, all in an Inter- 
nationa] context, and often instructed by major 
firms. This represents an unusual opportunity to 
apply professional skills in a rewarding and 
diverse manner. Salary will also be competitive, 
and tax-free. 

Prerequisite requirements include age under 35, 
and 2 to 3 years of relevant post-qualification 
experience as a solicitor with a major City or 
West End firm, or possibly as an employed Bar- 
rister with a City institution, 
ft is intended to complete the selection process 
with a minimum of delay. Applicants meeting the 
above requirements are therefore requested in 
the first instance to telephone Mr. Christopher 
Coriat in London on (01) 906 0782 between 8.30 
a.m. and 9.00 pJTi. on Wednesday, 22 January, 


Sabre House, P.O. Box 171 
Grand Turk 
British West Indies 


London 1# Boro 

London # Borough 



An Increasing workload together with changes in 
legislation in recent years has led to the creation of 
this new senior profess tonal post to work closely with 
existing professional staff. 

The postholder win be expected to undertake advo- 
cacy and assist In the conduct of litigation in the 
. Magistrates’, County, and High Courts across the 
whole ran ob of the Council's activities. An important 
part of the responsibilities will be to tin Social 
Services field dealing with JuvenBe Court adoption, 
chHd care and wardship matters. 

There will also be a high level of involvement to the 
provision of Legal advice to Departments of the Coun- 
cil and the preparation and presentation of the Coun- 
cil's case at pubRc inquiries. Together with attendance 
at an providing advice to Council Committees. 

This Is an extremely challenging opportunity for an 
able Solicitor to gain an insight into a wide variety of 
Local Authority activities. Applicants should have 
approximately three years post qualification experi- 
ence and expe rience of Social Services matters woukJ 
be an advantage. 

the post is-graded TO3 and a salary of up to £14,716 
is payable. 

For an informal discussion about the post ring Mr E 
Davie (Deputy Director) on 01-478 3020 extension 

Application forms and further details from Director of 
Administration & Legal Services. London Borough of 
Redbridge. Town Hail, High Road, Ilford, Essex 1G1 
1DD (telephone D.M78 3020 extension 342). 

Closing date: 13 February 1986. 

Ttia port la «*fact to Ow lmqsc ring Inn preewteua; with ttwJr 
agrMnant I ; l» mw hrtn e eflnd on an imMricted basis. App*- 
■ butlld hticte lovfiM vHi • 

iotp«ri«qtM.bttfpter#ft tea rty Ipa te mp toyffi w MCC«. 

Comptroller and City Solicitor 
Corporation of London 



Salary up to £19,224 Inclusive 

A highly experienced Conveyancer is required to handle 
commercial landlord and tenant work with personality and skill 
to manage one of three sections to the Property Division of 
this office. 

Benefits Include generous holidays, season ticket and cerkmn 

To -flhd out more about this position you ar e Invit ed to 
telephone Laurence Bentley on 01-606 3030 exL 2670 or for 
an application form ext 2696 quoting reference 0170 or write 

NKK H-j L'-iJ 

XL Box 270 GuUdhafl EC2P 2EJ 
Completed applications must be returned by Monday, 3rd 
February 19«T 

This post is subject to the LMGSC ring fence procedure; with 
their agreement it is now being offered on an unrestricted 
basis. Applications are invited from anyone with appropriate 
qualifications or experience, but priority will be given to 
employees of the G.LC. or N.c.Cs. 

Our client is a medium-sized City law 

Another Partner is required by the 
firm’s specialist banking group whose 
practice covers the complete range of 
domestic and international corporate 
commercial banking and other financ- 
ing transactions on behalf of banks and 

Age 30-35. Immediate Partnership. 
Terms will be substantial and tailored 

In strict confidence please telephone or 
write to either Cyril Batchelor OBE 
or Denis Reed at The Room Twelve 
Partnership , Temple Chambers, 
Temple Avenue, London EC4Y OHP. 
01-583 4847 / 4929 . 





Recruitment?} Lawyers 




Wang (UK) is a major force in die 
computer and office automation 
marketplace with sales in the last 
financial year in excess of £ 100m with 
die confident expectation of another 
year of significant growth. We are a 
company that recognises the 
importance of an individual's 
contribution and we provide a unique 
environment to utilise your expertise 
and knowledge to the fulL 
We are currently looking for a 
qualified professional to assist our Legal 
UMinseJ in a new and challenging role. 
The emphasis will be on handling the 
company's contracts — through 

drafting, negotiating, and amending 
legal agreements. You will be dealing 
with many top industrial names, bom 
on a national and international basis. 

.Aged 25-30. you should be a 
qualified Solicitor with ambition. 
initiative and commercial experience, 
preferably within the computer 
mdus try. 'Know ledge of other corporate 
legal areas would be a distinct 
advantage, as there may well be 
opportunities to extend your areas of 

In addition to a substantial salary, 
benefits indude a company car. 
pension, life assurance, medical and 
stock purchase schemes. 

Please send full career details to 
Pam Segal, Wane (UK) Limited, Wang 
House. 661 London Road, lsleworth, 
Middlesex TW7 4EH. Or telephone 
01-847 1954 (24-hour answering 
service) for an application form. 






W? carry on our international banking practice in 
each of these important financial and commeraal 
centres. If you are a qualified and ambitious 
lawyer experienced in financial work we would 
like you to join us. 

Applicants must have a good academic record and 
have had some experience of banking, corporate 
finance or securities work. Successful applicants 
will join one of our banking groups in London and 
may subsequently be offered the opportunity to 
join one of our foreign offices. 

Apply with full curriculum vitae to: 

Coward Chance 

Royex House. Aldermanbuty Sq. London EC2 V 7LD 
(attention: Delia Pegg) 



c£20,000 + Car and Benefits 

Our client » a substantial financial institution who has recently 
bundled a new and exciting range of medical insurance 
products. They have now relocated to Bournemouth as part ol 
a very rapid development programme designed to place 
them in the forefront of this growth market. 

They are seeking a young qualified sdidtor to set qp and run 
an in-boose legal department and act as Company Secretary. 
This is a highly visible position giving responabiljiyibr a small 
team and for advising senior management and the Board cm all 
legal matters and far ensuring that the Company oornpEes with 
all aspects of Company Law. 

You will be a high achiever looking to contribute significantly 
to the Company's success and to expand your career and 
reaponsfriffiTiRg in a dynamically growing environment. 
Experience in Insurance or a similar field would be 
advantageous but is not consi dpr ed as impemaw as a strong 

r nnfjrtmfl nnri nmhitirnm p p nyn wtily- 

Please write with foil C.V. to me Robin Wkheridge, Consultant 
io the Compan y . Your application will be treated in strictest 

BDC gntenurttonap Ltd 
63 MaaseD Street London El 8JRN 

Senior Assistant 

Scale 27 (£14,1S0-£18, 045 

Assistant Solicitor 

Scale 23 (£12,927-£16,313 

Wessex Regional Health Authority invites applications for these 
two posts In its Legal Division. 

The duties of the Senior Assistant Solicitor wffl cover the whole 
range Of the Division's activities including extensive personal 
injuries Btigation, conveyancing, employment law and advisory 
work. Applicants for thb post must have approximately 3 years' 

experience of either dvfl Stigafco or conveyancing and a working 
knowledge of the other subjects mentioned abova. 

Applicants for the Assistant Solicitor's post may be recently or 
newly qualified and preferably should have some experience to 
dvU fef-iion or conveyancing. The precise duties of this post wB 
depend or the previous experience of the successful applicant 
for informal dLKusriMi please contact Mr C. H. Brown, Regional 
Legal Advisee, telephone Winchester 63611. extension 488. 
Anafleaflen forms and job d escripti ons anraflaMe from the 
P er so nnel Deportment, Wessex Regions! Health Authority, 
Hgbcroft, Romsey Raid, Winchester. Telephone Winchester 
624C7 (24 hr ensafnaw). 

CkMing dete: Fehnauy 5, 1886. 



Salary between £1 1 ,850-CI 5.1 1 1 

As b result of the further expansion of rfw office of the 
Chief Prosecuting Solicitor, and to anticipation of its 
incorporation into the new Crown Prosecution Service, 
applications are invited from solicitors and barristers 
with experience of Magistrates’ Court advocacy. 
Recently qualified lawyers with Bttie or no experience 
in advocacy will be considered for initial appointment 
on a lower grade (currently £1 1.280-£12,168). The 
office is based in Chelmsford, but prosecutors are 
expected to appear in any of the Magistrates* Courts in 
the county. Those appointed will automatically 
become Crown Prosecutors in October 1986, and 
those with sufficient experience may be considered for 
appointment to a Senior Crown Prosecutor post with a 
maximum salary of £18.363. A full driving licence is 
essential. . . 

If you would Bee further information, ring John Goodwin. 
Chief Prosecuting Solicitor, on 0245 252939. Application 
form ami further details available from the County 
Personnel Officer, County HbH, Chabnsfwtl CM1 1LX 
(0245 267222 Ext 2D1 7). 

Closing data 14th February 1986. 

County Council 

Watt Obuhov ro mt teyn So adteo 
cicl coo. Wanex canaultanfii 0*55 - 


CONVEYANCER aw ngffle. 

wnh bay mute UUdlanx arm 
£lO.OOo7Vc*Ktt cwwtteants 095G 

Ii. h m. i J rf.r M WlV.,-. -'M ...A ' 

I n . ' i . i u iwiiwiPBM pAT; , , 

i' ‘U LL U' J J-j/ tlBE 

GJlJ M .. ■ ' 

[ ' i ly l r i j ' ■■ 'i ll S i ' . 1 

also on pages 27 
28& 30 


. ut'lnlrntnn 3 linos') 
.y! n _°4. nccm * nta an thcnacgled bv 

mSBfSSr 3 "? w T malwM “Wnaa of 

LcndM?^? CtS BO - 
cr _ telephoned (bv Irieghon* 

SSSHMl#” 01 " 278 

^J£i n i ,n, i53* 131,1 00 reed nod by 
Mnhone Between 9.00am end 
b 30pm. Monday to Friday, on 
S-il urdji' between 9.00am and 
[■..senom. 1037 mu oniyi. For 
puoueatiwi jhe following oay. 
nhcmr bv 1 ZOom. 

Cu-'SSESff*" 0 marriages. 

JN cODINQS, fir on Court and 
&tvHal Page, C6 a lino ♦ 1 E7k VAT. 
Court and Social Page 
announcements can not be 
««pr«l by telephone. Enquiries 
IO. 01-637 1234 Ex 771 a. 

Most outer classified adverUM 
menu can be accented by 
telephone. The deadline la B.OOpm 
- days prior to publication fi.e 5 00 
Sf Monday for Wednesday! 
Should you wish to soul an 
fdverttecmcni In writing please 
include your daytime "phone 
number Every endeavour win bo 
made to insert advertisements on 
dates requeued but cannot be 
guaranteed. Readers are advised to 
satisfy themselves as to the 
Information contained In 
advcrUsctnenb. at to see* 
professional advice, before entering 

< . . i JESUS' went about doing good, 
and healing all that were oppressed (M 
the dev II: for Cod was with him. 
Acts IQ: 56. 



CUNOALL. - on January loth 1986 
after 5 Short dines*. Florence Marta, 
aged 91 years, of ingles Court Hotel. 
Folkestone and formerly Oxford. 

Funeral enquiries. Tel: 


legal appobstiments 

"also on pages 27 28 &29 

ELLISON. - On January 10, 1966, 
pencefuQy at home. Mary Horatla 
into Stopfordl much loved wHe of 
Reginald C. S. Eutsou. Requiem mass 
at l lam Wednesday. January 22 at 
Our Lady's Chirred. Liston Grove. 
London NWS. followed by funeral. 

G, PAUL. -On January 
ism. suddenly, at nu home in New 
York. beloved husband of Lotte and 
doer brother of Hanna Beerman. 
Sadly missed by brother-in-law 
Frederick Beerman. niece Edna 
Savin and all family and friends. 

FIELD. Suddenly In an air dtsasur in 
Guatemala. David, son of Mrs 
Marianne Walker add the late 
Cordon Field, and his wire Solly (n*e 
caadhlULk beloved father and mother 
of Annabel and Jeremy A memorial 
service win be announced taler. 

GIBBS.-DarUng little Charlotte Lucy, 
03 1>0 tiler of Rose-Marie and David, 
on January 16th. at Charing Cross 
Hospital. The bmhest Light m all the 
world, la which she has given tier 
heart. Funeral at Abtnger Church. 
Surrey, on Wednesday. January 
22nd at 12 noon. 

GIBSON. - At BennanCraiwILaehle. 
on January IBih. 1986. Brigadier 
Arthur Blair Gibson, age 91. Late 
I3tn Frontier Force Rifles & Indian 
Army. Funoral service at 
CrolgeUachle Church on Tuesday. 
January 31st at 2pm. to which all 
friends are invited. Thereafter 
private family flowers only. A please 

no letters 

GLENNIE on January l6Ui suddenly at 
hh home. Mervrn Stephen seed 67. 
deeply loved nusband of Pauline and 
father of Anne. Funeral service u St 
Pauls Church. Hadley wood, on 
Friday 24Ui January at 2pm 


S Trade 01-837 2104 and 01-278 9232 Private 01-837 3555 or 3311 


ADAMS, -on January nth. to Joetc crcnwuon ' Fan " 

i nee Mlbberll and Mike- a son C° Wel7 V?_ nly i 

■ Antony Janus Patrick <Teny". GRAY. - On January ZCtn 1986. 

Mans 1 thanks to Chcnca women's 
and Queen Charlotte"* Hospitals. 
ATKINS. - On IBVh January at Mount 
Alvrmia. Guildford, to aiaabetn wee 
Turner* and Robin, a daugmer. 
Katherine Lara 

6AMPFYLDE. - On January I Bln at 
St Thomas's Hospital. London, to 
FrneUa ince Wain and Michael. a son. 
Edward David Warwick 
0 LAKEY. - On January 14m at Our™ 

peacefully at home after a tong and 
partently endured nmco. Daphne 
Williams aged 7H years Deeply loved 
wife of ■ Pens- Gray and mother of 
Bronwen. Funeral senrli* at St 
Michael's Church. Chagford. 
Wednesday 22nd January 
2JJ0pm. Family flowers only please, 
but donations max' be sent in lieu, to 

the Cancer Research Campaign. 

Mrs Marlon coombcs. 73 Fore Street. 
Hovcy Tracey. Devon. 


tive Language School in dm West End 
rraulrm first dan Family Accommo- 
dation for European Executives, 
fifteen /Twenty minutes travelling 
turn from Bond Street. Plese* 
contact: Language Studies Ltd. Tel: 
01-491 1731 

Abroad or Britain In W H Smith .etc. 
at £4 96 or from Vac 1* ork. 9 Par* 
End Street. Oxford 

first or second day. urgent itoi» 
ment for City firm. Telephone ox 8Si 




166.000 climb ulna: 1970 

o w rtn 

SYDNEY £39££64X 

PERTH £371 £582 

AUCKLAND §*» ££70 

BANGKOK £198£3&3 


BALI £314 £881 

HONGKONG £237 £474 

DELHI BOMBAY £230 2398 
COLOMBO £241 £420 

CAIRO £160 2270 

NWR09 £235 

JO'BURG £M8 £479 

LIMA £265 £484 


NEW YORK ££29 £249 





**Ist CLASS** 


PUTNEY HILL SW1B.Rr ^M>le..gg7 
sham horary B*d. O/R^NoP 
£43 pv. Day 23S 2006 eXt 208. 
AflOT 6pm 7BS 0079. 

















lEsl'd 1 969) 

59 South Sl Epsom, Surrey 
(037271 27538/25530/27109/ 
Telex 24667 

ALGARVE, Luxury vllto nr Lagoa, 
Pen ins golf 25 ruins. 3 dMe rooms 
with bath. Spacious Uvtnp/dintng 
room ipt ri* to full length so uth a na 

■co lacing lorrnce. mature nnlei. 
Swimming pool. Maid service. 0483 

Charlottes Hospital, la Chris' Ina ince HOLMES SEliOBS. - On 18th 

Dememadli and Robert, a son. January 

--.lexandcr william socen. I 

CAMERON OF L0CK1SL. - On Mane, li 

January 18. 1906. al ST Mary's Funeral ! 

Kc«allal Paddington. Llndoc wing. 10 H. J A 
Cecil and Donald, a daughter. MLssende 

I9lh. lo Jcnelle and John - a son. very tw; 

william John SoderguUl Hailshair 

CUNNINGHAM. - On Januan 19lh al £“ '**?„ 

Princess Margaret Hospital. Bnanan 

Swindon, lo EUsabeth and Richard, a Cranny- 

daughter. Hannah Jane £? ati™ 

CURL. - On lTUv January lo Nicola Rood Hr 

• nee Gumcyi and Philip, a daughter, 
on ’.la □Bangui. 

FRASER. -On Januarv II. al Panaga 
Ho?pl:al. Brunei, to Chrttsle -nge c7Jn«ai . 

Pawelli and Clive -a son i James piddlr-tre 
Nellsoni. a brother lor Camilla January 

FR0EDMAN. - On January IMP. nl by pnva 

wv-jmlnsler t-tospllal. lo Rhona < nee but dona' 

Le*icri and Philip, a son. Andrew r o Lloyi 

Charles The It 

January al Spring Coppice Farm. 
Socen. Bucks, in her 72nd year. 
Marie, loved wife of Sir Thomas 
Funeral service private. Enouirla to 
H. J A A. Wright Ltd. Tel: Greal 
Mlsvenden 3101 

JENKINS. - On January 17th 1986. 
very peacefully. Doris Enid of IB 
Hallsnam Rd. Worthing. Dear wife of 
Ihc late Owen, beloved mother of 
Brian and Martin and dearly loved 
Granny of Charles and Julia. Crem- 
ation private. Flowers and enquiries 
■0 Atlree 4 Kent Lid KM Cnurch 
Road. Hove. Tel: Brighton 688220. 

KEARNS. NUGENT - On January 
l Tin. peacefully al home at Redlands 
Coppice, much loved by inany. 
Funeral service at All Saints Church. 
Flddlctrcnlhlde. on Wednesday 
January 22nd. at 2 16pm. followed 
by private Cremation. No Bowers, 
but donations in lieu to Cancer Relief, 
c o Lloyds Ban!.. Dorchester. Dorset 
The It team train from Waterloo 
will be met al Sherborne. 

GC^JOES. — On 1 9lh January al Ihc mEiru' opj chh 1711* imuMrv In 
John K-Tdcllffe Hospital. Oxford to KINCH ON Friday 17th JanuaiY In 
Bridgei and Andrew a daughter Bromto , 1 Kent, intils 90lh Year 

GILKES - On January 16th lo 
Dinkenrsh ince Tessemai and 
P.itncr . a daughter Hannah Mariam 
K4IGH. - On Saturday >8Ui January 
al Heothcrwood •Lscot. lo 
Mary mee Vemoni and Nicholas, a 
d.iughler. Katharine Rose. 

HATTON - On January 12th to Carol 

Bromley. Kent. Inhls 901 h year. 
Edward Aloe Klnch. O B.E Isle of 
irag Pc ir oleum Company. Funeral 
service al St Edmunds Church. 
Village Way. Beckenham. Kent an 
Friday 2Jlh January at I. IS pm 
followed by ptivale cremation. 
Flowers and enquiries lo H. Copeland 
f. Sen Ltd 9 Bromiw Road. 
Beckenham. KenL 101 -6SO 22001. 

□1-603 1615 

01-938 3444 





Frankfurt £S9Calro £206 

Parts £69 Nairobi £389 

Rome £99 Joburg £43S 

Milan £88 H Kang £496 

Athens £109 Toronto £249 
Malaga £85 N York £275 

Faro £89 LA SF £34S 

Gen - 7ur £79 Syd, Mel £699 
Vienna £129 Dhril £545 
L Palmas £119 T Aviv £169 

21. Swallow St.. London, w.i 
Tel: 01-437 0537 01-734 9503 


and Len. a son. Michael Leonard, a l KNIGHT - On January IBUt al home. 

brother for Nicole 

IMPEY - On 16lh January 1936. lo 
Sara ‘nee Bonner> and Robin, a 
daughter. Joanna Lilian, a sLMer for 

LESTER. - See Freedman 

MARSHALL. - On 17th January lo 
Sallv Ann vnee Scon Ram» and 
Graeme - a daughter, a sister for 

John Ivor Knight F R.I.C.S.. aged 68. 
husband of the late Margaret Mary 
Knight and much loved father of 
Richard and Robert. Funeral Service 
on Thursday January 23rd al 
2 30pm al Hither Green Crema- 
torium. Verdant Lane. London SEo. 
Donations. If desired to: Lewisham 
Hospital Resusdlalon Fund. En- 
oulnes to. Ms Ros Loxion on 690- 








£220 £325 
£130 £200 
CXB5 £275 
£220 £320 
£225 £330 
£186 £320 
£— £420 

McCORMACK. - On Ulh January lo ILANGMAID - On January IBUi In her 

M.->rv Alexis * nee Schade' and Robert 
.'u?iln. a son. Robert JusLln Junior. 
TAR SO NS. - On tlh January. 1986 lo 
Alice >nce Palmer* and Anthony In 
Sydney. NSW., a son Harry John 

PARTRIDGE. - On January |7th lo 

71*1 year, after a long illness endured 
with great patience, courage and 
dignity. Oloa. wife of Charles 
Langnuld F.R CJS.. and dearly love 
mother of Paul. Helen and Sidonle. 
Enaulrlcs lo: fames Summers & San. 
lel: <0222) 404506. 

ESS'SK- Andrew LYON - on J^uor," !S h 19S6 a. 

a daughler, Katli.vlne 
READfAAN On tain Januarv 1986 lo 
Victoria mec Cecil' and Peter - a 
daughter 'Emma Isabella' a slsier lor 
Cl.nwobel and always remembering 

SHAFFER. On January 19 1986 In 
New York City <e .Anna mee 
w mi our i and David, a son. Charles. 
SHAW. -On January inn. to Soma 
•nee Edom and Charles-a daughler 
i Alexandra Frances' 

SHIPSEY On Januarv 19ih al 

home. Hugh 'Percy Hugh Beverteyl 
MG MA. aged 92. loving and much 
loved husband of Elizabeth and the 
tale Nancy boktved father of Elinor. 
Barbara and Jean, gmdfauwr and 
great grandfather, headmaster of 
Rugby School 1931-1948. Funeral al 
Amberley Parish Church al IX.SOam 
on Friday 2Aih January followed by 
cremation. No flowers l>y 'rMUML but 
dotvalions If desired to N.S.P.C.C. c/o 
H. E. Beard Lid. Funeral Dieters 
High St . Slone ho use. Gloucs. Mem 
ortal Service at Rugby School, to he 
announced later 

and manv more 
162. 168 Regent SL London W t. 

Cl l -43 7 8255/6/7/8 

Lain + group bookings welcome 
AmcX/ visa, diners 


Quite Simply the finest individual 
Luxury villas, all with private pool 
and own grounds. Exclusive Lo- 

'86 colour brochure. Early booking 

MUAS - Costa del Sol 
VALE do LOBO - Algarve 
IBIZA - Beleartcs 
22 Blenheim Terr. London. NWS 

Tel: 01-624 8829/20 
(01-658 5206 Sun & Bank Hols) 

AST A ATOL 2017 

Beckenham Maternity HospUaL KenL .1, 

ss„ A BU2 ts Km ^ hUiain - a "BBSS*. 7-» AU 

son. Edward. 

SMITH. - On Januarv IS lo Kale mee 
Rossi and David an son Edward 

SVrRET. - On January 17th lo 
Katharine and Nicholas, a son John 


TERRELL - On 8lh Januarv In Parts Ic 
Bridget tee Alexander' and Peter - a 
daughler Harncne Clare, a sMer for 

Harncne Clare, a smer for 

THOMPSON. - On Januarv 16th lo 
\ Ivlen ince Whitley' and Maurice, a 
son 'Alexander James Beech i. a 
brother for Sophie 

TU STINO. - On January lllh to 

S son and v/uuam. a daughler - 
the tine Elizabeth 

gsSrinrEufe 1 - * dau9Wer - 
TSSHfc-2 1 i?"gZry'n n & MiSS3-2SM5SSl* 

^S^RSbCWLautedS'SidKim! OAKEY j- On J ^nuory ^ l 
WHITE. - On January X9lh. at BMW. wanriclc 

fight against cancer. Adored daughter 
of Motor Crcagtl Mecham and Doclor 
Rachel Mecham 'nee Carter i. beloved 
shier of David, dearly loved 
grand aughtcr of Mrs Joanna H alien. 
Scuthover. Lewes. “A child on loan. 

MEN IN fMENINSKY). - OnJanuap 
Id. 1986. In I o M. David. Sauadron 
Leader Royal Air Force (Rldi Dearly' 

loved husband of MargarcL son of the 
late Bernard MenlnsHty. stepson of 
Mrs Nora Menlnsky. and dear 
brother of Philip. 

MORE. -an January 16th. 1 966., »n 
Addcnbrookel Hospital. Cambridge. 
David George More, loving falhor of 
Rosemary and dear grandfather oj 
Richard and Eleanor. Service at St 
Peter's Church. WooIlon.Uverpool. 
on Thursday. January 23rd at 3 p.m. 

£345 tin 
£265 rtn 
£465 rtn 
£670 rtn 
£750 rtn 
£376 rtn 
£215 rtn 
£360 rtn 
£169 rtn 

WHITE. - On January X9Uu at BMW. 
Munster, lo Christina m*e Morgani 
and Richard, twins. Toby and 
Charlotte, brother and stsaer for 

YOUNGER - On Januarv 14th at 
Greenwich Hospllol. ConnccUcuL 
LI S.A.. 10 Julian and Deborah, a son. 
Andrew William Wood. 

MELVILLE - On January I9lh al 
Queen Charlotte's Hospital. London, 
to Fiona, wife of Viscount Melville, a 
von. James David Broun Over. 


of Keith, of 21 Btnswood Avenue. 
Lcmlngton Son. late of Wolvey. Fun- 
eral private, no flowers. 

OLIVIER on tath January I9B6 sud- 
denly at his home. The Manor H ouse. 

at Si James Church. Shaftesbury on 
Friday 24Ui January at 12 ncyn. All 
enquiries to G. E. Jonaon &_ Son . 
Funeral Directors. 41 High Street. 
Shaftesbury. Tel: 21 13. 


New York £147 0. w £260 rtn 

L Angeles £180 O' w £345rtn 
Toronto £I53» w £265 rtn 

Jo-burg £264 or w £465 rtn 

Sydney £399 o. w £670 rtn 

Auckland C-lOBo'W £750 rin 

Delhi £2300. w £376 rtn 

Cairo EiJOo.w £215 rtn 

Bangkok £2100. w £360 rtn 

Tel Aviv £99 o. w £169 rtn 

Many other bargains 
Tel: 01-370 6237 


The unspoilt tale of OtertM has 
miles of deserted beaches, palms, 
hr* of sun. hotels, pools, tennis, 
riding, windsurf & a direct flight: 

specials 27 Jen- Feb- 10 Mar £30 off. 


01-441 0122 (24 hrs> 

NoinSiop 3 Weekly 



AFRICA 'East. West. South) 

Long-established experts In 
discount traveL Fopbcgserrice: 
Tel: O! -9301992/3985 


New York £249 Jo'burg £466 

£149 pp. Inclusive catered holidays: 
Les Arcs, val d"teCTe and JMna- Co« 
Ski Val on Ot -903 4444 or 01-200 
6080 <24 hr*). | 

COST CUTTERS on flights /hols lo 
Europe. USA and all destinations. 
Diplomat TraveL 01-730 2201. 


996 3883.4. Simply Fly- ATOL 
1922. 1 

LOW COST FLIGHTS. Most European 
destinations. Call Valexandcr 01-402 
0052. ABTA. ATOL I960. 

LATIN AMERICA. Low cost flights c.g. 
Rio £504 Lima £475 rtn. Also small 
aroun holiday loumeys. JLA 01-747 

GOLF IN MOROCCO 1 wk Hilton 
Rabat. BAB. flights A green fees In- 
clusive. £346. Link Travel Ltd. OI- 
677 1200. 

FUtjhts from Most UK airport*. Many 
late special offers. Fold or 01-471 
0047 ATOL 1640 Acc. Visa 

rrs TURKEY TIME! Turkish detlghL 
hots. For a taste of summer. 01-891 
6469 ATOL 2047 

ALGARVE. For Uie best selection of 
hotels A ants call Sun ways. 01-303 
Ollt. ATOL. ABTA. 

FLIGHTS Greece. Algarve. Canaries. 
Spain. Germany. Ilaly. Swl Borl and. 
2.!VB. 01 -434 1647. ATOL. A1TO. 

ALICANTE. Faro. Malaga. Munich. - 
Diamond Travel. 01-681 4641 

Horsham 68541. -ATOL 1783. 


14 Beauchamp PI SWS. 01-267 
6066 Men 40-65 In demand. 
FRIENDSHIP, Love or Marriage. 
Dateline, all aoej. areas. Dateline. 
Deri <75771 23 Abingdon Road. 

London W9 Tel: 01-938 lOll. 
CALIBRE CV*. Professionally written 
and produced curriculum vitae 
documents. Detain: Ol -580 2959. 


COOK needed irarardlafciy for busy 
west End company. Daily meal roc 
15-20 people and occasional Board- 
room lunoies. Please telephone Ol- 

ax your service. Married ceuwev 
housekeepers, nannies, butlers and 
chauffeurs. Please ring on 689 3990. 

offers M,' helps. Dorn. aM iSve-m Mart 

UK & Overseas AuPalrApettcy LUL87 
Regen ISL London. Ol -43^6534. 


cook seeks work doing directors 
lunches and dinner parties In 
London. Tel Mary Scott Ol -382 


run time “Artists at Work" course. 
Starts 28 AprtL Lectures A studio 
visits to leading artists 6 craftsmen. 
Apply Principal 584 0667. 



FRENCH BOY, 23, *£»“}* long- 
term Job to loioroveEngllsh. Mr E. 
VaJeau. 28 rue de Bretagne. 44760 
Campbon. France. 


London from £300 pw Ring Town 
House AptsOI -373 3433. 

Kensington. Col TV. 24 hr swbd. 
■Hex. Contngham Arts. 373 6306. 
WS, OPEN PLAN 1 bed studio Oat. 
£600 pern all charge included except 
tSShoSS short JeLTcl Ol -727 79 tS. 
smari 2 bed s.'c .mj. next lo Pork- 
Maid tract. 373 6306 m. 


Avon and Somerset PoKce Authority 
Office of the Chief Prosecuting Solicitor 

Prosecuting Solicitors based at 
Bristol, Kingswood (Bristol), 

Applications are sciught from lawyere for the 
three above posts on a salary scale ' ' 

£14.025. The successful applicants will be eie- 
gible to transfer to the Crown ProscecuUon 
Service which will operate from 1st October 
1986 and are likely to be Crown Prosecutors on a 
salary scale £10,500 - £15,000. 

If you are interested in these challenging posts 
telephone Bristol (0272) 298266 for details of 
the posts, jobs description and application form. 

Closing date 3M January 1986 

Law Book Publishers 

Butterworths, the leading legal publishers^s gf 

for a Barriner with some knowledge of draflingcomi 

forms and of civil procedure to become * sub-editor 

on one of its long established encyclopaedic pubb- 

cations. Experience of editorial work 

arily but applicants should have the ability to work 

methodically and with accuracy. 

Salary and conditions in accordance with NUJ 

Please write with fall C.V. lo: 

Mrs D. Gale, 

Butterwortta 8 Co. {Publishers) Ltd^ 

□ 88 Kingsway, 

LondonWC2B 6AB. 

□Cl Butterworths 



We require young and antbusiastic Solicitors for litigation in 
our fast expanding professional indemnity 'practice ifor doc- 
tors and dentists throughout the country. Some post qualifi- 
cation experience Is desirable but equally important to us is 
the right personality to fit onto a friendly team dealing with 
demanding work. 

Apply In writing to Simon Dinnlck, Le Brasseur & Bury, 71 
Lincoln's Inn Fields, London WC2A BJF. 

_ . . .AROUND TOWN: . .- _ 

120 Hottand Part Aw* WH 

iinmH MEWS WA Dafighdui mews house wfihhi mta yt w 
JiSrSJkfflld MartJte^Ch- ^ ewetent d« ordir *ndaanfe^ 
SSlhed. 2 bedrooms, targe — 

Mttinn wtth show. Avail now. Co. let. 6 nwnihs+ 

HOH awn park This bwutftui family house has been dacwdW m. 

Standard and fumislwd with 
Sallrtrtfws a most attractive 

STsoadous mod. kttdwn with aB fined mad^^ area, matBr 
luxury bethroom enautta. 3 further badnwnw. 2ntfh«N 
SSCwy^.Avafli S tFeb.iyr + co»et£475p.w. 

01-2299966 *. •*-*.«■;*!* 

ironsides residential RENTALS . 

p arwi^Mta»inB»onW fc8 ^ - v s- 

Irearittet. Hta Rwtrifflfol RactaT Speoefedt 
24 Beaadwnp Ptaca. LowJob. SW1 Tehptoa:flW81 5*77/2471' 

Triax 291603 PRLOti ft 








LeltuiS * MariagenaeiU 



.'The Property MLnaiier,.. 
Of -221 SN3K- 

KantniMn. Luxury flat for g. Mata 
BCTrtSr Lin. T «*^s° i j!i'j o * oar ^ CH - 
«C. 684 24 1 4 or 786 428* . 

CHELSEA SWS. AUraeg w 1 Nd Sat 
nr Kings Rd with mnSb faroWStaB. 
ReOT/Std. tma ‘ 

IdL £2. 1 8 p. w. OootetL 828 8261 . 

and cborae from 1-8 star apis, central 
London, tmm-maie/advanc* tmmr- 
vauona. - Tab 936 2412. 

muud for central Lmvdon Arm. 
£11.000. Wessex consultants 0936 

LITIGATION Portsmouth area. Nawly 
to 3 years admitted £12.000 m* 
sW^^ogpecti. court Associates 

E LONDON practice seaks nwww 
to 3 yrs related expsrtcnce fer mixed 
civil workload. £ high ly aMractly e * 
p'stitp oroepecto. Law Pssaonnel Ol - 
242 1281 C24 UTS). 

CONVEYANCING Branch Manoae- 
ment Hoe throw araa. Prof ndfWtium 
3 years admitted package £20000 
aae + def pYhlp prospects. Court 
Associates Ol 683 0055. 

NEWLY ADMITTED ertrne A ntatrt- 
modal bias Slirtnadre circa DS t 
Mary Male. Accord. Personnel. 0935 


- coast, partnership Prospects. Mary 
Mole. Accord Personnel. 0936 


Herts lawn arm. Able to work with- 
out aupervMan. £10.000. Wessex 
Consultants- 0936 25183. 

FREE LIST of country yacmvMsjK 
salaries Cram £7.000 10 £25.000. 
Chambers & Partners. 01-6069371. 


Wokingham mid Hants. Pref 2/3 
years Qualified £13.000 aae- Court 
Associates 01 5630066. 


Senior Partner’s Sec 

OT 01-278 9161 


the largest genuine selection of tow 
and rosiored pianos In SouUiernEng- 
land. Free catalogue. SOa Hlghgaie 
Rd. NWS. 01-267 7671. 

PIANOS: H. LANE & SONS. New and 
reconditioned. Ouadiy al reasonabto 
prices. 326 Brighton Road. S. 
Croydon. Ol -688 3513- 



6ln overlooking garden available to 
cheerful professional bonding. I 
minute South Kensington tube. 
Communal wajttng room. 
Appointments made- £30 per hair 
day. Reduction* If several sessions 
required. Tel 01-681 8393. 

TNs presttatau* WC1 Pwtffca art waking 6 oonfldant and SMportoncM 
Company Cornrnwctal Sacretary »o asalat Sartor Partner. You wB ba 
expend tn use your IrttMM and get tototo InvoNad. II you poaeeaa. 
■cceflent sacrscanal and communteaBon stofe and would prefer morn 
cSent Datson - Col ConnaL 

Company Commercial PA £9,500 + Early review 

A Sartor Pertner ol reputable SYfl PrscUce urgernty retires a PA/Auflo 

Secnrtwy to ran hte offlw. TWa to « w damai^ poo^Bwmq^ 

flndrtflty and loti of peraonaBN. Good Comomy OofTfnarrtaJ expartance 
eaaeniw bin mining on WPwllbagiveaCaa Maty. ■ 

iocratvy to run Ms office. TWa la a very demandlnG poertonBW toqrtrw 
lasdDWty and lots of peraonaflrt- Good Cmwmy -cofranandal expamnev 
jsaaniW Pin brtnlng on WP wB be givea Cal Maty. 

I ir> f\ r* R IT Wb have a demand far Legal Socndartea to 
|U|-L|\| I work for ow prestfotaue dtonta ttir oughout 
UiTULIv I Camral London. Excelefit rate* plua hoBdny 

TCIUIPQ up to 

I L I VI I U Z-LeflrtAudki/ShOrthandSecs. uptoEBJMpll. 
For mdra I nf or m aMoii about Bieae and uttier int e r ealkiq poaMona pleaae 
Mary. Carmel or Akodaoo 01 -2420785. 

‘Tersormet gjbt 
AppointmetUs w 

95 Aldwycfa. Londoe WC2 4J0 Tat M -2*2 6785 (24ts wnia r a a n i ta ) 


also on page 31 - : ■ 

■V . 



Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davaile 

'*** 1 

'UOO'CMfn'AM.- •-••• 

(£0 BwaW^tlnw’WBJi 

Snjtfi aretSafltw Scott. - 
. WMtfWT at 8^X26,7.55, 
BJS and 8.55 ragknal rwws, 

■. weaftef and 6.57, ' . 

- 7J7 r 7.57, and 8^7: national 
and sfrtsnwBonalhowaat 7.00 

, 7Ja,*M,«JOwid8JQ: 

' Junior Advice Srie at 7.32 ■ 


adutt version. Plus, Aten 
Tfichmarsh's gardening 
atMca; and a rsdpa tram ■ 

' ,G)ymi Christian. . 

&20 Ceefax 1A30 Hay. School '■ 

: lOJOCeetax.' ' 

1130 NMi Ail«r Noon vvfth Richard 

WhHmoreand Franks 
" CowrtJaJo, Includes news 
* bsadflfies with subtitles 12JS5 
Re$onafnews arid weather. 
1J0 PaWrfa MB at One, presented 
byWagnus Magnusson. Paul 
Cflia and Josephine Buchan. 
Today's edition Includes Jan 
Beariey continuing her series 
.lOftfipaiSve embroidery 1.45 , ? . 
. Ctwck-o-Btock. (r). 

2J0 TbeiSoode KHclmvShUley 
Goode, In the third programme 
ofrier ten-part series on ' 
inexpensive cooking creates a 

- casserole; 2. IS The Parent 

6.15 Good Moming Britain 
presented by Anna JDtan»nd 
Gordon Honeycombs at 6.17, 
8 JO, 7.00, 750, 8.00, MO and 
• S.00; exercises at &2Q and 
ftITj sport fttfcSS and 7.34; 
regional report at7.15t . 
cartoon at 724; pop video at 
. 7 ‘-66; Nancy Friday talks about 
riw bot*. Jaatouay, at 9JX. - 



wfthundsr-fivas 2.3Q Ceefax 
. &SZ Regional news. - 
3 jftj«fnnu>RatThe:Sheejt in the 
cbverFteW (r) 4.10 dimbo and 
the Jet Set Cartoon series 
.. 4.16 Jackanory. Tom Baker 
- with part two of Ted Hughes's 
TheJron Man 4.25 . 

■^' ,s 4J0 The ReeflyWBd Show. The L 

- first c? a new riitture series - - 
presented by TerTyNutWna, 

- .'••rtlQgel Nk* Davies and Chris V . 

Packftam, who answer 

; — "i viewers' questions on natural 

\ history matters. 

5J0 John Craven '■ ftewsround 

1 j trJ . 5.10 Grange hbl Episode five 
- V*«\ of the 24-part drama serial 

•iitTi . about the pupils add staff of a 
••■-O comprehensive school. ’ 

; ' j i - (Ceefax). • 

';£j 5J5 Faxl The Information 

.1 programme presented by Bflt 

— ' S : : Oddia. Wendy Laavestey and 

Bitty Butler. . 

VJ* 1 . * JO News with Sue Lawiey and 

..<->-•7 Nicholas WUcbelLJ Weather. 

L35 London Pius. . 

74X1 Hofiday 68, Introduced by Cliff 

■ Micfietmora. John Carter 

reports from an exclusive 
-.'7-^. hofiday resort on Antigua - one 

of the prizes on offer Jn the 
,. s ; holiday quiz competition;. 

? ! Sarah Kennedy found out what 

£ was on offer In Italy for the . 

skigJe trnvefler and Bill 

• BuCtdey b In Plymouth on a 

(fiving hofiday. ' 

'...“Y 7J0 EastEnders. Paultna dtecovere 

. -:~’i an odd garment In the 

• - launderette; Hannah has bad 

news for Tony; Debs' dinner 
. . doesn't turn out as planned; 

and Den and Angle.dfsplay a 
, united front after the court 

case (Ceefax). 

W0 Hold the Back PagelKenis 
' senrtoHentoy Regatta to .... 

Iqiffrvtew an tip and coming 

, young oarsman; and also to . 

puff a sport and show : 
business event sponsored by 
a newspaper proprietor 

.1 8.50 Points of View. Barry Took- 
( wtth another selection of .'. / . 

viewers' letters: ’ 

• .r- 8JM News with Julia SomarvHe . 

and Andrew Harvey. Weather. - 

9.30 Cagney and Lacey. A. . 

. ’ . mother's misguided loyalty to 

her son succeeds' In his 
gaining his freedom despite ■ 

- ■•if, the two policewomen's fufl .. 

knowledge of hb gufit (r) • 

y: (Ceefax). - 

- . " 16.15 FBm 8SJ Barry Norman 
reviews Taemroff and ' 
Drsamchfid. Plus, the UK’s top 

J.;:< 10.45 Nothing But the Best Part 

three of the eight-programme ! 
guide to secondary education. 

“ 11.16 James Last in Scottand,' 

. performing at the Playhouse 

Theatre. Edinburgh (r). 
ii 12,00 Weather. 

1 Thame* news headUnee. . 

1 For Schools: prepositional 
phrases -for the hearing 
Impaired 9 JO Woods in - 

• springtime 10JJ9 How animals 
mp themseives clean 10 J6 
German conversation. 10^45 . 
The role of a member of ; ' A day m the 
Bfe of a partially sighted baby 
11.Z7 Row animals and plants 
survive the ccM 11 M Part ; 
three of the historical cfrarria. 
Sea Green Man. , 

I Button Moon- Puppet" - . - • 
adventures of ttia Spooa 
family 12.10 Rainbow. 

Learning with puppets (r)‘ - . 1 

’ l2JQThaSidtivana~ 

I News et One vi^h Leonard ' 
ParirinlJO Thames raws. 

I Shins pn Harvey Moon, ! . 
Episode three and Harveyfs 
determined to attend a»TUC 
conference in Brighton despite 
the fact that it might cost him 
- Ms job (r). 

I Daytime. Sarah Kennedy ' 
chairs astucflo dscusdon on 
■ the Westland affair. Among 
those appearing are MPs John 
Smith and Teddy Taylor. 

I That’s My Dog. The canines 
attempt the physical stuff, their 
owners have to use their 
brains. &25 Thames news 
headlines 3 JO The Young 
Doctors. Medicaf cframa serial, 

» Button Moon. A repeat of the 
programme shown ait noon: 

4. 10 The Tele bugs. Cartoon 
series 4J»Tbe Wind In the ■ 
WSknre. St^Mrior animated 
series based on trie classic 
story by Kenneth Grehame 1 
(Orade). • • 

i Splash. This week the 
programme goes undergrcxsid 
to look at previous attempts to 
buBd a fixed link route across 
the Channel; phis, a look 
' behind the scenes' at The 
London Palladium. * 

< Blockbusters. 

! News. SJW Thames News, 
i Reporting London. Michael 
Wilson investigates the latest 
controversy surr ou n din g 
vaccination against whooping 
cough. ■ 

l Emmenbde Farm. Harry 
Mowlam takes his stock from 
Emmsrdaleand Dofly SkJtbeck 
discovers that is not afl.ha 
wants. ; 

i Busman's Hofiday. Quiz gama 
presented by Jufian Pettifar 
(Orade)., ■ . .. 1 

i Magnum. The private 
"investigator teams up wtth a 
■' former colleague to hetpMrq -. 
find Ms kidnapped glrtiriend. 
Boon. The freelance . - . 
troubleshooter crosses the 
path of an irishman who says, 
that ha ties lost his memory. 

He maybavB lost Ms memory 
but Ms pockets arestuffetf 
with bundles of cash. Stanlng 
Michael Bphick (Oracle). 

News, at Ten sndweather 
foflowed by Thames news. 
Viewpoint 8& Zero Options, 
part one. The first of two films 
investigating the problems of 
schizophrenia Presented by 
David Jones.' - 

,niim: Solo tar SpamiVr (1982) 
starring Anthony. Newlands, . 
Glyn Houston and Nadja 
Regia An Edgar Wallace 
thriller about an old woman 
who Is kidnapped by a gang 
who take the keys to her jewel 
shop. They leave her bound 
and gagged but she suffocates 
and the police have a murder 
hunt on ttislr hands. Oirectad 
by Gordon Flemyng. 
ffight Thoughts. . • 

• Having dona her best, or worst 
by Joan of Arc and the Wp#i Mary, 

Marina Warner has now radced on ~ ^ . 

Ctederefla as a subject for drastic oes heetettiebetter to get their 

reappraisal. Tonight's ARENA fUm feat fitin the atondonadsijpper. And 
(BBC2. 955pm) S the result what price the dark episode In which 

Perhaps it might be better tar any Cinders, traditionally freeof 

Child, on the eve of a visa to the resentment against her wteked 
Chrtetrras-pantt, not to see ft. Atthe - ^3?$? *?• ^ ^spot’s 

very least It win plunge Wm Into an nocH? No toss disBIiisioning is the 
Wentity crisis as he watches Ctoders ^n^iderthat &ndereflahas been 
going through the famUlar motions Jsedto boost tfw sale of womans 

Sarah Payne In Arena's 
Cinderella BBC2. 955pm 

going throu^i the famUlar motions JSMW boost 
with pumpkin, glass slipper and saniteryprodi 
midnight chimes How win he be • Time has c 

able to reoc>nc3e afl this with the 
Awful Disclosures from the fflws of £ LAUWU ® P 1 
Miss Warner and the psychologist thesecondvw 
Bruno Bettelheim ana the novettet ^ decade ana 
Angela Carter? There is, for ooksnew-mir 

example, that Dtde matter of the ondoubtettivti 
variant of the Wry tale in which dramas tend* 

Cinders becomes the object of her stowtythanco 
father’s incestuous desire. Then * ou “ ** [ * ur 

again, there is the version in which reason tor 
the Dtfy Sisters lop off their own continuing fre: 

sanitary products. 

• Time has dealt kindly with Jack 
Pubnan's adaptation of Graves's I 

9.00pm), now in 

the second week of Its repeated run. 
A decade after its first screening, it 
ooks new-minted. While it is 
jndoubtedty true that costume 
dramas tend to deteriorate more 
would be churlish to quote this as 
die reason for / Claudius's 
continuing freshness because the 

modernity of its language and Its 
performances make us forget that 
this is supposed to be Ancient 
Rome we are watching. I suspect 
that another potent contribution to 
tha aerial's interest-grabbing 
character is the Tact that ft is anti- 
spectacular. This Is domestic 
warfare on a small stage. The only 
epic thing about it (thus far, at any 
rate) is the magnificence of Sian 
Philips's villainy as Lrvia. n wifl be 
overtaken in a week or two by John 
Hurt's Caligula. 

• Music Highlights on radio: 
Messiaen's TuranmiiHa Symphony 
in tonight’s City of Birmingham SO 
concert (Radio 3, 8.10), and the first 
performance of Tristan Murall's 
Time and Again. Earlier on Radio 3 
(12.15pm), Ronan O'Hara plays the 

Music tor a lerga ensemble 
(Sibvb RaJchand 

musidansJ.taJM News. 

8.05 Morning Concert (comd): Bach's 
Prelude end Fugue in C sharp, 
BWV 648, arranged Maxwofl 
Davies (Firm of London); 
Schoenberg's String Quanet In D 
major (JuBard Quartet); Dvorak's 
Czech Suite Op 39 (Los Angeles 

9.05 This Week s Composer. 

Chabrier. Une education 
msnquee. Pausanias (Benoit, 
baritone: Bertie, mezzo; Berton, 
soprano/Paris Conservatoire 
Orchestra); Paysage; Meiancolle: 
TourttBon (McMahon. ptano).t 

HUM) Storming me Heavens; Nielsen's 
Hymrua amoris (Schuta. 
soprano; Gobel. soprano; Landy. 
tenon Norwi. baritone; Johansen, 
bass; Danish Radio Chorus and 

10.00 Jazz Today: Charles Fox 
presents tha lan Bellamy 

11.00 Dvorak String Quanets: Undsay 
String Quartet play the Cypresa 
Quarter No 1 1 . and String Quartet 
in D minor. Op 34.t 

11.35 Sarah Walker (mezzo) and Roger ■ 
Vignolas (piano). Erw sco's Sept 
chansons cfe demerit Marot, Op 
15: and Roussel's Jazz dans (a 
nuh. Op38.t 

HJ57 News. Oosedowi at 12.00. 

Radio 2 

i Radio Chorus and 

News on the hour. Headlines 5 JO am, 
6J0, 7 JO and BJte. Sports desks 1.65 
pm, 2JJ2, 3.02, 4JJ2, 5JK, 6.02, 8^45 
IMF) only. 9.55. 4J0 am CoBn Berry.t 
ROO Ray Moore.t 8-05 Kan Bruce.t 

SduimannPl an ° Concerto wfth the iojo BBC Singers: with Margaret 
BBC Scottish. And, at 1 .05, you can PhWps (organ). BrWen'sJubllate; 

hear Beethoven's Eroica. 



Radio 4 

9.00 Ceefax 

5.20 Daytime, on Two: Helping tha 
, 'ramtaity handicapped gat 

. more out of Ids. 9.35 
Communications in Spain. 9 J2 
- ■ Maths: mkror image. 10.15 
. Pan three of Richard 

- Carpenter's The Boy From 
-- .•• Space. 10J8 A Japanese 

family with a smallholding 30 
- -times smaller than the average 
British farm. 11JM Night time 
noises. 11.17 Walrus. 11.39- 
Why atoms join together to 
form motecufes- 
12.00 A : portraitof the Cagrtac 
- •' family, French peasant 

farmers. 12J0 Lesson 13 of a 
German conversation course 
for beginners. 13L5S Ceefax. 

1 JO Travel and transport In 
France. 1 J8 Getting around - 
without wheels. 2JO For four- 
and five-year olds. 2.15 A tour 
of Haddon Hafl, a stately home 
on the outskirts of Bakewafi. 

- Derbyshire. 2A0 Science: fire, 
earth and metals. 

3 JO Ceefax 

5 JO News summary with subtitles. 

. Waathar. - 

5.35 Feat ForwardL- 1 Video fun 

presented by Floefia Benjamin. 

.6.00 No LlmHm. Jenny Powell and 
■ Tony Baker are In Brighton to 
find out about the town's off- 
beat events; to meet the 
eccentrics; and to review the 
latest fflm and record releases. 

6.50 The Adventure Game. The 
- ruler of Arg challenges three 

• 1 ' . Earthings tea contest of logic 
. and Ingenuity. Representing 
the Earth are Fiona Kennedy, 
Ian McCaskfll and David 

7 JO The Strange Affair of . . . The 
Glastonbury Legends. Bob 
Symes Investigates the 
legends and myths 
surrounding Glastonbury Tor. 
Did Joseph raafiy bring the 
Holy GraR to the area and plant 
the famed Holy Thom? 

Experts are questioned on 
these and other mysteries 
■ -connected with the area. - 

IL00 . Heroes. In the first of a new 
series In which guests discuss 
. with Eric Robson the heroes 
who have influenced their lives 
Michael Bogdanov, associate 
director of the National 
Theatre, waxes lyrical about 
among others; Denis 
Compton. Nye Bevan, and The- 
Du Winers. 

SJ0 Food and Drink. School 

cooking, micro waves, and an 
Inexpensive potato recipe are 
on the menu this week. 

9.00 t, Claudius. Part two of the -12 t 
episode serial, based on the 
novels by Robert Graves, and 
LMa continues with her single- 
minded ambition to keep the 
Imperial throne of Rome In her 
family. She has already 
murdered M a reef I us and 
Agrtppa but she suffers a set- 
back when her son, Tiberius, 
is banished by Emperor 

• • _ Augustus, (r). (see choice). 

.9:55 Arena: Cinderella. Marina 
.Wamar reinterprets the myth 
. surrounding the pantomime- . 
heroine, (see choice). 

10.55 News night 1 1 A0 Weather. ■ 

2J0 Film: Betrayed (When 
Strangers Marry)* (1944) 
starring Kim Hunter, Dean 
Jagger and Robert Mitchum. A 
businessman carrying a large 
, amount of cash is murdered. 

1 Later. Millie Baxter arrives at 
the dead man’s hotel to join 
her new husband. Instead she 
meets an old flame. Directed 
byWRBam Castle. 

3.45 10 MBHon. Joan Shenton and 
Reg Gutteridge present the 
second programme in the 
series for ihs older viewer. 
Nine Mile Bum near EcBnburgh 
Is today's venue and among 
the topics tackled are the 
problems at public vansport in 
rural areas; and the threat ot 
bogus door-to-door antiques 
dealers (Oracle). 

4J0 Countdown. Yesterday's 
wlnnBr of the anagrams and 
mental arithmetic competition 
Is chafienged by Louise Jones 
from London. 

5.00 Bewitched. Temptation comes 
Darrin's way whan his old 
schooldays sweetheart arrives 
on the scene. 

5J0 At Good As New. The third 
programme in handyman Mika 
Smite's series of six on 
repairing damaged or broken 
furniture. How to repair the 
runners on a chest of drawers 
is featured this week (Oracle). 

6 JO Pop the Question. Quiz game 

presented by Lee Peck. The 
team captains, David Hamfiton 
and Chris Tarrant, are joined 
by Bob Caroigees, Keith 
Chegwin, Sheila Ferguson and 
Kate Robbins. 

6.30 Danger Man. British 
intelligence agent John Drake 
is sent to a remote Island off 
the Britamy coast In order to 
protect a young widow. 
Starring Patrick McGoohan 
and Patricia Driscofl. 

7.00 Channel Four newa. 

7 JO Comment With his views on a 

topical subject is pubfisher, 
Nairn Attalah. Weather. 

8.00 Brookside. BOty and Doreen 
' are cafled to see Rod's 


8.30 Take She Cooks. The first of a 
six-part series pesented by' 
Kay Avila features Raymond 
Blanc of tee Manoir aux Oust' 

. Salsons in Oxford. He 
: prepares a selection of 
mouthwatering hors 

9.00 Ffim: Raggedy Man (1981) 
•stanlng Sissy Spacek and Eric 

• Roberts. The story of a young 
woman with two smaH 
- children. living in a Texas town 
In- 1944, who finds romance 
with a sailor on leave but a 
night of terror wfth two sadistic 
brothers. Directed by Jack 

ID. 45 The Comic Strip 

. Presents . . . Dirty Movie. The 
late of a cinema manager 
whose attempts to watch a 
pornographic film by himself in 
Ms cinema are continually 
thwarted (r). 

11 JO Ghosts in the Machine. A 
compilation Illustrating how 
video can transform tha 
appearance of our everyday 
He. Ends at 12.15. 

6J0 Brogue Male. Last of low stirring 

talas in which Sir Digby Spode 
and Hubert Csrstnlrs thwart the 

Haney's I tbva me Lord; Herbert 
Howe Ha's Like as the Hart; 
WHam Mathias’s JubBte Op 28 
No 2 : Elgar's Psalm 29.1 

too Ray Moor&t 8-05 Ken Bruce.t 
10 JO Jimmy Young. Medical questions 
answered by Dr Mace Smith .t 1 J5 pm 
David Jacobs.! 2.00 dona Hunniford.t 

3J0 Music AO The Way.t 4J0 David 
Hamilton .t 6.00 John Dunn.t 8J0 Otd 

Hamflton.t 6.00 John Dunn.1 8.00 Otd 
Stagers (U Whispering Jack Smith.r 
8J0 The Golden Years presented by 

On kmfl were. Mae VHF ctsreo. 

5J5 Shipping. 6J0 News briefing; 
Weather. 6.T0 Fanning. 6 J5 

Weather. 6.10 Firming. BJS 

BJO Today. kncL 6J0, 7 JO, 8 JO 

News. 6.45 Business News. 6J55, 
7 J5 Weather. 7 JO, 8J0 News. 

7 J5, 8J5 Sport- 7A& Thought for 
the Day. 8.35 Yesterday In 
Pa rila ment 8J7 Weather; Travel. 
9J0 News. 

9J5 Tuesday caft 01 -580 4411. 

10.00 News. From Our Own 

10 JO Morning Story: Tha Company of 
Foxes Dy Barry Davis. Reader. 
David Mahlowe. 

10.45 Dally Service (New Every 

Morning, page I3).t 
11 JO News; Travel; Thirty-minute 
Theatre: The Glasshouse by 

Matthew SafavL With Richard 
Pearson and Pauline Letts. The 
secluded He of a brother end 
sister (rt. 

1U3 Tha Living World. A portrait of tee 
bird-watcher Roger Tory 
Peterson who has taken 100.000 
photographs and done 4,000 
paintings of birds. He holds 13 
honorary doctontiss. 

12.00 News; 'rou and Yours. Consumer 
advice, with Pattie ColdweD. 

and Hubert Carstairs thwart the 
forces of swarthy skulduggery 
Tonight The SkuH ot the 
Laughing GoaUrfr 

7JQ News. 

7J5 The Archers. 

7 JO Fae on 4 (new series) The 
Westland affair. How big a hole 
does the row expose in British 
defence thinking? Stuart Simon 

8.00 Medicine Now. Geoff Watte on 
the health of medical care. 

8.30 Tha Tuesday Feature; In Sure 
and Certain Hope. People 
discuss the effect it has had on 
them when they team that they 
are soon to die. 

8.00 In Touch. News, views and 
information for people with a 
visual handicap. 

9 JO Persona Grata. Steve Race talks 
about his favourite characters 
from fictton(r)t 

945 Kaleidoscope. Includes comment 
on the BBC2 thriller serial Dead 
Head and the film Rocky IV. and 
the exhibition Artists in the 
Theatre at the Hatton QaBery. 

10.15 A Book et Bedtime: Wind. Sand 
and Stars by Antoine de Saint- 
Exupery (2)- The reader Is Joftn 
Bennett. 10J9 Weather. 

11-20 Alan KeWi.t 9 JO BBC Radio Orchestral 

*■» Sports Desfc. moo On Cue. Radio 

Schubert 3 Sonata in A. Daaa.T cnnnbarrailT uuffh rtiHatnnhar RUni» 

12.15 Midday Concert BBC Scottish 
SO (under George Hurst). With 
Ronan O’Hora (piano). Pan one. 
Kenneth Leighton's Dance 
Overture; Schumann's Piano 
Concerto.TI JO News. 

snooker quiz, with Christopher Biggins. 
Tom Arthur, Joanna Monro and Stirling 
Moss. 10 JO The Name's the Game. 
With Barry Cryer, John Junkin and 

1.05 Concert pan two. Beethoven's 
Symphony No3.t 

2.05 Guitar Encores: George 
SekeHanou plays Four Greek 
Dances (traditional): and 

11.00 Brian Matthews presents Round 
Midnight (stereo from midnight). 1.00 am 
Charles Nova presents Nightride.r 
3.00-4.00 A Little Night Musc.t 

arrangement of Albeniz's 
Cordoba and of Paganini's 
Romance; end Caprice No 24. 
Also Astor Piazzosa's Adios 

2.35 Tuesday Afternoon Sequence; 
Goldmark's Spnng Song (from A 
Winter's Tale), wttn Hungarian 
Radio Orchestra and Chorus and 
Jufla Kukety (soprano); Lanner's 
Stynan Dances Op 165; Bach's 
cantata No 212 (Arnold 

Radio 1 

Schoenberg Choir and Berfln 
Chamber Orchestra, with 

10 JO The World Tonight 
11.15 Tha Financial World Tonight. 

11 JO Today in ParfiamenL 

12.00 News; Weather. 12J3 Shipping 

VHF (available in England end S. 

12J7 My Word! Panel game with Dtlys 
Powell and Frank Muir 

PowbH end Frank Mur 
chattenging Antonia Fraser and 
Dena Narden.t 12J5 Weather. 

1.00 The World at One: News. 

1.40 The Archers 1JSS Shipping. 

2J0 News: Woman's Hour. Andrea 
Adams discovers some of the 
secrets behind the making of a 

Chamber Orchestra, with 
soloists); Goldmark's Rustic 
WBdtfln^Symphony (Hungarian 

4.00 VBga Wind Quintet: (ben's Trots 
pieces breves; Franca ix Quartet 
lor flute, oboe, derinet and 
bassoon; Villa-Lobos's Chore No 
2; Beethoven's Variations on 
Mozart's La d darem; Reicha's 
Quintet in E flat, Op 88 No. 

News on the half hour from 6 JO am until 
9 JO pm and at 12 midnight. 6 JO am 
Adrian John. 7 JO Mike Read. 9.30 
Simon Bates. 12.30 pm News beat 
(Frank Partridge). 12.45 Gay Davies 
with this weak s Top 40 ttiscs. 3.00 
Steve Wright 5J0 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge). 5.45 Bruno Brocrtoas. At 6 JO 
the new Top 40 singles chart 7 JO 
Janice Long. 10 JO- 12.00 John PeeLt 
VHF Radios 1 & Z 4J0 am As Radio 2. 
10JO pm As Radio 1 . It 00-4. 00 am As 
Radio 2. 


Wales only) as above except 
5.55am Weather; Travel. 1 1 JO- 
12J0 For Schools: 11.00 Time 
and Tunefrll JO Time to Move. 
11.40 Musicianship: Early 
Stagestl JfrJJOpm For 
Schools: 1-55 Listening Comer. 

5.00 Mainly for Pleasure: Roger 
Nichols wnh e selection of 

succasful photographic model. 
Also part four ofThe Reason 

Also parti 

Nichols wnh e selection of 
recorded music. 

6.30 Early Music: Airs de cour from 

the reign or Louis XIII by 
Guedron, Francois. Ls Gegneux. 
de CourviBe. Mesangneeu, 
Moufinte and BataiUe. With Nigel 
Rogers (tenor] and Anthony 
Bates (lute).t 

3.00 The Afternoon Play: Clocking 
Out by John McKenzie. With 
Vincent Friefl and Russet Hunter. 
Drama in which a man In a prison 
xafi looks QvacWs/ecent pssLT 

4.00 News. 

4.05 The Food Programme. Derek 
Cooper investigates coffee(r). 

4 J0 Kaleidoscope. Last nights 
edition, repeated. It indudes 
items on tha fBm Death til a 
French Garden; Peter de Vries's 
book The Prick of Noon; and the 
new production of Tha Spanish 
Bawd at the Citizens (r). 

5J0 PM: News magazine. 5 JO 
Shipping. 5 J5 Weather. 

6.00 News: Financial Report. 

2.05 History: Not So Long Ago. 
2JS ContacL 2.40 Pictures til 

2JS Contact 2.40 Pictures fai 
Your Mind (Stories) SJ0-5J5 PM 
(continued) I2jo-l.l0am School 
NlgM-Trme Broadcasting: 
DeutBch hr die Overstufe. 

7.05 Fncker: Chilinglrian String 
Quartet play the Quartet Ni 

Quartet play the Quartet No 3.t 
City of Birmingham SO (under 
Rettie). with Peter Donohoe 

(piano) end Tristan Mural (ondes 
martenot). Part one. Muran's 

Radio 3 

E-55 Weather. 7.00 News. 

7.05 Morning Concert Bach's 

Sinfome (Cantata No 29). played 
by the ECO: Mozart's String 
Quintet m G minor. K516 
(Grumiaux. Gerecz. Janzer, 
Lesueur and Czako); Reich's 

martenot). Part one. Mural's 
Time and Again (first 

7 JO A Red Herring: June Barrie reads 
Elizabeth Ross's short story. 

8.10 Concert part two. Messiaen's 
TurangeUla Symphony.! 

9J5 Conscience and Social 
Permisivaness: a talk by Dr 
Cfifford Yorks, Medical Director 
ot the Anne Freud Centre, In 

fiJH Naw&desk. 7JM News. 7J» Twenry-raur 
Horn. 7 JO No Place Uhe it 745 Nenront UK. 
LOO News. L09 RaDecttans. Li 5 Development 
■as BJO Talking About Muw. 9-DO News SLOB 
Review of the British Press. L15 The World 
Today. 9 JO Financial News. 9.40 took Ahead. 

9.45 Whet's New. ID JO News 10.01 
Discovery 1DJ0 CharSe. 11.00 News 11JU 
News About Bntan. 11.15 Wa-reginde. 1 1 J5 A 
Letter From Scotland. 1ZJKI Redo Newsreel. 

12.15 My Kodng. 12^45 Sports Roundup. 1 JO 
News. 1J9 Twenty ^=our Hem 1 JO Nernoric 
UK. 1.45 Reaming of the Week. 2J0 Ouflook. 

2.45 Sounds of Strings. 3.00 RecOo Nnweel. - 

3.15 A JoOy Good Show. 4.00 News. 4.09' 
Commentary. 4.15 Omnibus. 4A5 The World 
Today. 5.00 News. 5J9 A Letter From 
Scotland. 5.16 MetMan. LOO News. 8.09 
Twenty-Four Hon. 9.15 Concert HaL 10JO 
News. 1009 The World Today. 1IL2S A Lenar 
From Scotland. 1030 Fknanael News. 10,40. 
Reflectkms. 10.45 Sports Roundup. 11 JO 
News. It J9 commentary. 11.15 Sing GospeL 
11J0 My taping. 12.00 News. 12-09 News 
About Britain. 12.15 Rank) NewsreeL 12-30 
Offlnfcu*. 1 JO News. 1-01 Outtoc*. 1 JO 
Report On Religion. 1-45 Country Style. 24)0 
News. 2.09 Review of the Bridsh Press. 2.15 
Sex and Violence and Opera. 2J0 Charlie. 3J0 
World News. 3J9 News About Bnaki. 3.15 
The World Today. 3J0 Discovery. 4J0 
Mewsdesk. 4.30 Waveguide 440 Book 
Choice 5.45 The World Today. All times In 


1 Sim so * Black and wtyia (r) Repeal 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1: 1053kHz/285m; 1089kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Radio 3; 1215kHz/247m: VHF -90-92.5: Radio 4: 
200kHz 1500m; VHF -92-95: LBC 1152kHz/2Blm; VHF 97.3: Capital 154BkHz/194m: VHF 95.8; BBC Radio London 1458kHz/206m: VHF 94.9; World 
Sarvlce MF 648kHz/463m. 

BBC1 Watoe 5 JOxn-6.00 Wales 
° p -- Today. 6.35-7.00 Tha Chris 
Stuart Cha Cha Chat Show. 9 .30-10.00 
Weak In Week Out 10-00-10.45 Cagney 

and Lacev. 10.45-11.1S Rugby: The 
Carwen Jamas Memorial Match. Ua 

Carwen Jamas Memorial Match. Liana lk 
and Queensland. 11.15-11^0 Nothing 
BmThe Best 11.40-11^45 News and 
weather. Scotland TOJOam-IO JO 
Dotamart. 6 J5pm-7 JO Reporting 
Scotland. 10.15-10.45 Six Seaside 
Towns (Craif). 10^45-11.15 Ffim 86. 
11.15-12J5am George Bums end Other 
Sax Symbots. 12.05-12.10 Weather. 
Northern Ireland SJ5pm-S^0 Today's 
Sport 5.40-6.00 Inside Utetar. 6J5-7.00 
Charies in Charge. 12.00-12.05aa 
News, weather. England 12. DO-12- 30 pm 
East on Two (East only). 6 -35-7 JO 
Regional news magazines. 

r Countdown. 1 JO 
t ac Yma. 2.20 
Ffalabalam. 2J5 Hyn o Fyd. 2J5 

Ffalabalam. 2J5 Hyn o Fyd. 2J5 
Interval. 3.05 Sea War. 3J0 My 
Brother's Keeper. 4 JO Make It Pay. 4 J5 
Bewitched. 445 Hanner Awr Fawr. 5J0 
Betty White Show. 6.00 Winston 
Churchill: The VKant Years. 6J0 Man 
About tha House. 7 JO Newyddkxt Saith. 
7 JO Rygbc UaneM v Queensland. 8J0 
Treasure Hunt. 9J0 Man a Lie. 10.30 
From the Horse's Mouth. 11 J5 Ffim: 
Mark of tee Vampire'. 1240 am 



Gardening Time. 1 JO-1.30 News. 5.15- 
5.45 Emmerdala Farm. 6.00 North 

TonigL 6 J5 Crossroads. 7.00-7 JO 
Random Choice- 11 JO New Avengers. 
12J0am Closedown. 

CHANNEL As London except: 

1 JOpm News 1 J0-2J0 
Country practice. 3.00-3.30 Questions. 
5.45-6.00 Channel Report. 6-35-7J0 
Crossroads. 10.30 Viewpoint 11 JO 
Champions. 12 JOam Closedown. 

TRW As London except: 12J0pm- 
1J0 Woman's Place. 1 JO-1 JO 
News. 3.00 Protectors. 3-25-4.00 Sons 
and Daughters. 5.15 Gus Honeybun. 
5-20-5.45 Crossroads. 6.00 Today 

South West. 6J5 Televiews. 6 JO 

TVS As London except 1 JO News. 

1J0-2J0 Country practice. 5.15- 
5J5 Sons and Daughters. 6.00 Coast to 
Coast 6J5 Police 5. 6J5-7 JO 
Crossroads. 11 JO Champions. 12J0am 
Company. Closedown. 

tha OK Corral (Kirk Douglas)- 11 JO 
Postscript- 11.35 Show Express. 

12-06 am Closedown. 

HTV WEST Aa London except 

1 JOpm-! JO News. 

6.00 News. 6 J5-7.00 Crossroads. 8.00- 


Suitcase. 12J0am Closedown. 

6.00 Good Everting Ulster. 6-25 Diary 
Dates. 6 J5-7.00 Crossroads. BJO Ort 
Stage TontehL 8 JO-9. 00 Cosby Show. 

11 JQ The Sweeney. l2J5am News. 

HTV WALES As HTV West except 
n i v wHLca 

Schools 6.00pm-6J5 Wales at Six. 

ANGLIA As London except 12J0 
pm-IJO Gardens for All. 


6.00 Northern Life. 6J5-7.00 

Crossroads. 11 JO Barney Minor. 12 JO 
Together. Closedown. 

1 JO-1 JO News. 5.15-545 Emmerdala 
Farm. 6.00 About Anafia. 6 J5 

Crossroads. 7 JO-7.S) Bygones. 11.30 
Legman. 12.30 am Tuesday Topic, 

SCOTTISH AS London except 
o^uinan 1ZJOpfD _ um 

Gardening Time. 1 JO-1 JO News. 3.30- 
4 JO Sons and Daughters. 5.15-5.45 
Emmerdato Farm. 6.00 News and 
Scotland Today. 6.35 Crossroads. 7.00- 
7 J0 Funny You Should Say That 8.00- 
9 JO Hotel. 1 1 JO Late Call. 11 J5 Mike 
Hammer. 12.30am Closedown. 

central ^~ pl ' 

Gardening Tims. 1 J0-1 JO News. 9.00 
Crossroads. 6J5-7.00 News. 11 JO 
Night Gatery (Vincent Price). 12J0am 

Y °"*smRE KS 

3 J0-4.00 Country Practice. 6.00 
Calendar. 6.35-7.00 Crossroads. 11.30 
V. 12.30am Closedown. 

bobpeR (SiSS&R£i» 

4 00 sons and Daughters. 6.00 
Loo ka round. 6 J5-7 JO Crossroads. 
8.00-9.00 Qumcy. 11.30 Tales From tee 
Dark Side. 12.00 Closedown. 





Miss Darlene Patterson: 
sheltered by Yemenis 

, wOid- 

Miss Yvonne Berry: 
waded in wrapped in flags 

It has to be said, we do it in style’ 

Continued from page 1 

Mr Laden Lemanski. a 
Lloyds adjuster from Cbertsey, 
Surrey, said: “We were expect- 
ing some old Jalopy _ from 
Djibouti to turn up. but it was 
magic seeing the Britannia, like 
a fairy story. The crew were 
absolutely fantastic." 

Mr David Hays, a British 
Council teacher, said that once 
all who could be evacuated were 
on board, the Britannia sailed 
round the coast to wait just off 
the coast near Aden city. “The 
whole town was enveloped in 
black smoke, as if everything 
was burning. And then they 
decided to have a deck party, 
and the band came up and 
played -Somewhere Over the 
Rainbow'. We had two Soviet 
warships each side, observing it 
all with complete disbelief, and 
all the while there was Aden 
burning. It has to be said, we do 
it in style'*. 

It is a style which Mr Peter 
White, the embassy's security 
officer, maintained throughout. 
He arrived at Heathrow wear- 
ing a pair of shorts and 
unfurled a Union flag on the 
tarmac which had been given 
him by the Britannia's chief 

“Everyone was caught by 
surprise when the fighting 
started, he said. “We had 
known the Army was split, and 
that it might come, but we 
weren't expecting It then. 1 was 
out at the airport picking up 
bags, and drove back through 
the fighting. Everyone moved 
into the safest place they conld 
. and I kept a look-out on the 
embassy roof while the others 

worked in the secure areas 
down below." 

In between he drove through 
the fighting in a Union flag 
bedecked Land Rover to collect 
far-flung Britons, and was shot 
at twice. “They were so nervous 
that if you came round a bend 
too fast they'd just let loose. 
One time I went back past a 
group of soldiers who had shot 
at me. hooting and waving at 
them so that they would see I 
meant no harm. 

“As I went by I yelled at 
them, Sou missed', and they 
laughed* hack waving their 

Shortly after the Yemeni 
Army's ammunition dump was 
blown up by artillery Gre last 
Wednesday afternoon, Mr 
White was called by the 
compound gardener to And nine 
soldiers who had jnmped over 
the embassy wall to flee from 
the fighting. 

“They were huddled in a 
group at the top of some steps. 
They were armed with Kalash- 
nikov rifles, but they were 
scared, and so tightly packed 
that they couldn't really shoot. 
I shouted at them to get out, 
and one of them gestered to say 
there was too much shooting. 

“I told him. -that's where you 
should be, out there in the 
fighting, not in here. This is 
Queen's property, and no arms 
can come in here'. Anyway I 
took pity on them, and told 
them if they wanted to stay 
they most give me their rifles 
and ammunition. I was really 
sweating, because I thought 
‘hell, if they want to turn nasty 
they could, and It could 

threaten the embassy and 

“Eventually there was a lull, 
and I stepped out of the gate to 
show them it was ail clear. 
They did not want to go out. 
because they thought they 
would get killed, I suppose, but, 
like a twit, I walked up and 
down a bit to prove there was 
nothing about. I thought 
afterwards what an idiot I'd 
been, but it did the trick. They 
all shook my hand as they went 
out, which I thought was rather 

Mr David Spencer, the Vice- 
Consul, said fighting was 
sporadic but intense. “At all 
times the British were at 
serious risk because the fire 
was severe and indiscrimi- 
nate ..." 

Mr Martin Recve-Fowkes 
and Miss Darlene Patterson, a 
couple working on mineral 
studies in Aden, were trapped 
in the university geology 
department basement for four 
and a half days, right next to 
the ammnnition damp when it 
was destroyed. 

“It was very frightening. We 
could hear the shooting and the 
killing every day, and we were 
cowering in the basement with 
only rats for company," Mr 
Reeve-Fowkes said. 

Miss Patterson added: “We 
finally ran out because soldiers 
were coming in, and were taken 
in by a Yemeni family who fed 
and sheltered us. We didn't 
even know there was an 
evacuation until 40 minutes 
before it happened". 

Miss Yvonne Berry- sec- 
retary to Mr Arthur Marshall. 

the British Ambassador, said: 
“He was marvelous through- 
out absolutely calm and 
working fantastically hard to 
make sure it all went off 

“We were all in danger of 
being hit by accident in the 
cross-fire, especially when we 
had to go out to get to the 
beach. They took oat the 
women and children first but 
then they bad to poll back on 
Friday when the fighting 
started up right on the beach 

“Everyone was gathered into 
small groups, and ours sat 
under a Union flag so that the 
small boat crews would know 
we were British. When the time 
came we waded in wrapped in 
flags - 1 nearly sunk from the 
weight because we were in it up 
to our neck. Once on board it 
was amazing, almost unreal. 
There we were, one minute in 
the middle of a war. and the 
next minnte we were on a 
luxury cruise, or so it seemed." 

The evacuees of 54 national- 
ities on board Britannia in- 
cluded a Chinese group who 
took over the Queen's state 

Mr Hays, who spent the 
week hiding behind a steel 
bookcase in his flat heard of 
the evacuation on the BBC 
World Service. “I had six 
Filipino girls who songht refuge 
with me who sat there all week 
clutching their prayer beads 
and reading devotions, they 
were so frightented. Things 
were completely chaotic and 
sometimes it seemed that even 
the soldiers didn't know who 
they were fighting. 


Mr Peter White: disarmed nine soldiers 

THE 1 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 
The Princess of Wales, Patron. 
Birthright opens the Harris Birth- 
right Research Centre for Early 
Pregnancy at St Mary's Hospital, 
WCL 10.30. „ l 

Princess Anne. Patron of the 
“Riding for the Disabled Association, 
attends a fashion show in aid of the 
Association at the Gu il d h all. 7.30. 

The Duke of Kent, as President, 
anends a reception during an 
exhibition in aid of the Royal 
National Lifeboat Institution at 
Solhebys, 6.45. 

Princess .Alexandra attends a 
recital given by John LilL in aid of 
the National Birthday Trust, at St 
John's Smith Square, SW1.6.S5. 

New exhibitions 
Writers on the Wall - recent 
photographs of British writers by 

Monire Childs, Bingham Library, 
Eaton Place. Bingham, Notts: Mon 
90.30 to 5. Tues. Thurs and Fri 9.30 
to 7.30. Sat 9 to I, closed Wed and 
Sun (ends Feb Si. 

Solomon; a family of painters. 
City Museum and Art Gallery, 
Chamberlain Square, Birmingham: 
Mon to Sat 9.30 to 5, Sun 2 to 5 
(ends Mar 8). 

Paintings by Peter Wilson. Third 
Eye Centre. 350 Sauchiehall Street. 
Glasgow; T ues to Sat 1 0 to 5.30, Sun 
2 to 5.30. closed Mon (ends Feb 15). 


Recital by Alasdair Baker (bari- 
tone). King's Hall. Newcastle upon 
Tyne University. 1.10. 

Concert by the Anaria String 
Trio. Peel Hall, Salford University, 

Concert by the Ebony Quartet. St 
David's Hall. Cardiff, 1.05. 

Concert by the NCOS Symphony 
Orchestra. The King's Hall, East 
Cliff, Heroe Bay, 7.30. 

Organ recital by Michael Haynes, 
Winchester College Chapel, 7.30. 

Organ recital by D’Arcy 
Trinkwon, St Ann’s Church. 
Manchester, 12.45. 

Recital by Stephen Varcoc 
(baritone) and Graham Barber 
(piano). Lecture Theatre Black, 
Essex University, 7.45. 

Concert by Capricorn, Turner 
Sims Concert HalL Southampton 
University. 8. 

Concert by the City of Birming- 
ham Symphony Orchestra, Town 
Hall, Birmi n g h a m , 7.30. 

Talks, lectures 

Beautiful Britain - the four seasons' 
by Mr D. Glover. Elmfield House, 
Doncaster. 7.30. 

From love to ritual: feeding and 
clothing the poor in late Medieval 
Castile, by Prof Teofilo Ruiz. 
Faculty Room South, David Hume 
Tower. George Square. Edinburgh 
University. 4. 1 5. 

TV top ten 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,949 I Anniversaries 

National top inn talevteon programmes In t he 
weak ending January 5. 

BBC 1 

1 Eastondera (Ttw/Sun). 22.75m 

2 EastandarajTue/Sun), IB-Sbp 

3 Last at the Summer Vafina. 18. tOm 

a New* and weather (Wad 21:40), I6.7ttn 
5 Clash of the Titans, 15.86m 
S Yes Minister, 1340m 

7 The World's Strongest Mao, 1340m 

8 Bankaty Bank. 13.20m 
8- The Two Ronnies, 1340m 

8- News. Sport. WMttw [5« 21.00*. 


1 Wish You Wore Horn (Mon/Wad) Thames. 

2 Bund Date LWT.I&aXn 

3 Coronation Street (Mon) Granada, 15.9wn 
* Roots* Do me Funniest Things LWT. 


5 Newsat 5*5 (ThujlTN. 1440m 
G Coronation Street (Weffl Granada, 13.70m 

7 tnUca Ftyrm. ITV. 1236m 

8 The Bonny WB Show, Thames. 12.85m 

9 City Idler, ITV. 12.75m 
ID The A-Tgam. ITV, 12.70m 
10- Copy Cars. LWT, 12.70m 


1 way Won** and the Chocolate Factory. 

2 Simmer Hotiday, 4.73m 

■ ■ ■ ■ ■ id MwM 

Births; Thomas Jonathan 
(“Stonewall") Jackson, Confederate 
general in American Civil War, 
Clarksburg, West Virginia, 1824. 
Deaths: Louis XVI. executed, Paris, 
1793; Alexander Herzen, socialist, 
Paris, 1870; Franz Grill parzer, 
dramatist Vienna. 1872; Lenin, 
Gorki. 1924; Lytton Stracbey. 
biographer and critic Hungeribrd, 
Berkshire 1932; George Moore, 
novelist London. 1933; George 
Orwell (Eric Blair), London, 1950; 
Cecil B. de Mine, Hollywood. 1959. 

_ Ragtime, 4.65m 

4 Skf Sunday Special. 440m 

5 imem a imntf Darts (Sun 18:32). 435m 

6 The Boat 435m 

7 The Four Featfier*, 4.15m 
7- The Natural World. 4.15m 
B Do They Maori Us7 180m 

10 The Compiaat Beatles. 3-7Um 
10- The Young Ones, 3.70m 

Charnel 4 

1 Lord of tin Rings, 6.20m 

2 Brookside (Mon/Sat). 520m 

3 Brookstta (Tua/SaQ, 520m 

4 Treasure Hum. 4.60m 

5 American Football, 3.80m 

S Bootsia and Snudgo. 3.70m 

7 Robin Cousins has Pam on lea, 2.90m 

8 The Happiest Days Of Your Ufa. SLBOm 

9 A Frame with Davis (Ttai). 2.40m 
9- Fatier By The Name of . . ,2.40m 

Figures tor the week erring January 5 show 
the tolowlng percentages of viewing: 

Total Total 

• B8C-IB8C-2 BSC ItV C4 ITV 

A8 hours 382 50-4 42.4 72 49 A 

Before Bpm 32.B 124 452 48.8 80 54.8 

After 6pm 43.1 102 532 393 6.6 40.1 

Breakfast tetevtskm: The average weekly 
figures for aucSences at peak time* (wftfi 
jlgures in parenthesis showing the reach — the 
number of people who vteweator at least three 

BBC1: Brmkfast Tima: Mon to Fit 1 2m J8-6w*J. 
TV-anc Good Morning Britain: Mon to Fri 21m 
(9-B fTfc Sal 21m, Bun 1.7m. 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Atomic Energy 
Authority Bill, second readin g . Drug 
Trafficking Offences Bill, second 

Lords (2.30V. Shops Bill, com- 
mittee, third day. 

The pound 


1 They admit their translations 
are beastly (10). 

6 Rays from some ware W- 

JO Baby bird seen flying on 
occasion (7). 

11 Composer copyist wins scholar- 
ship (7). 

12 A spot of refreshment en route 


13 Stroke love child (5). 

14 Oblique request to pannerx<5). 

15 Last-minute recovery by one 
side (9). 

17 Not doing what one was 
expected to do at Trafalgar (9). 

20 Australian dossier doctor dis- 
carded (5). 

21 Kind of courage shown by wife 

■. at auction (5). 

23 Dined within reason on Care as 
directed (9L 

25 Not committed to after UN 
formation (7). 

26 Would underworld welcome 
Navy to America? (7). 

27 A share in nice chop-house gives 
sound return (4). 

28 Authority to charge for title lo 
Bennett's bools (6,4). 

4 Side stroke regarded as a joke 


5 Outstanding men in disguise in 
"The French Connection" f7% 

7 Levy spell out in old statute (5). 

8 One who could be neuter, gay or 

end bisexual (9). 

9 Negligible fee demanded by 
letter (10,4). 

14 Call of nine tricks -it could be a 
cakewalk! (9). 

16 Ship from Roman province a 
war casualty (9). 

18 He cheats player for sixpence 
(7) ' 

19 Italian student has given up little 
time to Shakespeare (7k 

22 Ask for loan from contract (5). 
24 Took drug notes to journalist 

Solution of Puzzle No 16JMS 

aaisasa sngagsnja 
m s s a -s. 


si n 

n '' ~ 

KEiaa „ jgsasgnns 

a ra i2i a 5: (* 2_ 

• R300S 

UBO* 1 AS 141 

Yugoslavia Dm- 58040 49040 

Reus for smal denom i n a tion bank notes only, 
ss suppfieo by Barclays Bank PLC. OTterere 
reus apply to travelers' cheques ana other 
foreign curancy business. 

Read Price bides; 3789 . 

London; The FT Index dosed down 124 at 


London and South-east: A4I27: 
Resurfacing at junction with A4090, 
Whition Avenue E and Greenford. 
MZ: London bound carriageway 
closed between Bremley and A 251 
Favors ham to Ashford road, Kent, 
diversion via A2, A251 and M2, 
A129: Southend road under repair 
at Wickford; temporary traffic lights 
between Shotgaie and Rawreth. 

Midlands: M6; One lane closed 
on northbound carriageway S of 
junction 14 (Stafford North). Staffs. 
MS: Coumerflow W of Birming- 
ham, between junction 2 (Dudley) 
and 3 (Halesowen). W Midlands. 
A49: Repairs between Shrewsbury 
and Ludlow S of Marsh brook and 
near Bromsgrove Bridge.' Shrop- 

Wales and West: M4: Easibound 
hard shoulder and outside lane 
westbound closed between j unions 
22 and 24 (Chepstow and Newport); 
delays. A38: Line 2 dosed N and S 
bound on Exeter to Plymouth road 
at Ivy bridge bypass, Devon.. A149: 
Major reconstruction work on 
Cirencester to Swindon roadT at 
Cemey, avoid if possible. 

North: Ml: Various lane dosures 
at junction 32. A34: Loral 

diversions and traffic controls in 
iown centre,. Cheshire; Severe 
delays. A66: Resurfacing between 
Monnt Pleasant Farm and Greta 
Bridge, co Durham; temporary 

Scotland: Temporary traffic lights 
at Fountain Bridge between Grove 
Street and Dundee Street, Edin- 
burgh. A74: Outside lane dosures S 
of Eastwood Toll on A726. Renfrew. 
A S3: Single line traffic S of 
Glenbarr. Argyle. 

Information supplied by AA 

em,»ii-.>iA-a ■ ■ m e ■ 11 1 

Benefit rights 

The Labour Research Department 
has published Slate Benefits - a guide 
for trade unionists, its annual guide to 
benefit rights, folly updated to take 
account of the many, and sometimes 
complex changes introduced last 
year. It points out that about nine 
million people live at or below the 
| recognized poverty line, yet one and a 
half million do not claim the stale 
| benefits to which they are entitled. 
The book is obtainable from the 
department. 78 Blacldriars, Road, 
London SE1 8HFl'£1.05incp&p>. 


7.54am . .. .430 pen 

Letter from Manifa 

live in one house; 

They have . a- saying 
Filipino politics: It’s not the 
votes that count, it s the 

counting that counts. 

And so it is once again m 
the snap election ca flcoo y 
President Marcos to extend 
his two decades of rule until 
1992. Almost as much is 
written and talked about the 
conduct of the poll as about 
the candidates.' . 

Some .interesting mior- 
. mation emerges. Like the 134- 
towns and cities that managed 

more than a 100 per cent turn- 
out for the registration of 
voters, topped by the 267 per 
cent for the remote (butcleany 
enthusiastic) town of Mata- 
nog, Mag ui a ri a n ao. 

Then . there are the 1474 
voters in the capital who, 
unaccountably, all have, the 
same ihtimb print ■ There is 
also the phenomenon of large 
numbers of people living next 
door to each other in the 
Makati business district of 
Manila who all have the: same 
birthday, not to mention very 
similar mim es. 

, Mr 3osfe. Concepcion, chair- 
man of the National: Move- 
ment for Free . Elections 
(Namfrel) reports: TTwenty- 
seven people living at 2890- 
2898H Santos Street have the 
yirri ft birthday of - August 8, 
1962. „ 

“Their names are recorded 
as Gregorio Poring Curiian, 
Gregorio Pering, Delano and 
so on down the rest of the 
alphabet." Even the alphabet 
appears to have anextraJetter. 

It must get a little, crowded 
at 3314 Zapote Street, in 
Makati, because according to 
the voters’ list, 204 people live 
there. Of course, they could 
always escaper the crush by 
going next door to- 3316 - only 
147 people' live there. 

Not only are there legions of 
“ghost voters", there are even 
whole “ghost bararrgays " (dis- 
tricts) in the southern island of 
Mindanao. Practically half the 
457 villages in. Lanao del 
Norte are regarded as “Ques- 
tionable" by the opposition. 
Some mountain hamlets have 
only a handful of houses, but 
thousands of registered voters. 

. A Namfrel study after the 
1984 parliamentary elections 
turned up az least 1,656,606 
entries on the voting register 
that warranted “serious re- 
view' 1 ’ by "the Government 
Election Commission. 

The radical Roman Cath- 
olic KeritaJ journal agues “If 
all 1.65 milium are illegal 
registrants and if only xan 
party controls the votes of 
these persons, their continued 
listing could thwart the peon, 
le’s real mandate.'*' 

Namfrel and a. host of other 
organizations and , a small 
army of concerned Americans, 
arc preparing a poll watch at 
the 90,000 voting places on 
February 7 in: the hope of 
achieving .an honest result. 
Their presence should act as a 
deterrent, bat much of the 
cheating takes place After the 
booths dose. _ 

On the plane into Manila a 
government official (who shall 
remain nameless) gaily, told 
me of how heir brother had 
rowed out to sea' to dump 
thousands of votes during one 


Even the 1 wrath -of the 
Almighty has been pressed 
into service. Cardinal Jaime 
Sin warned Manflans in a 
pastoral letter "Election viol- 
ence and cheating are sins that 
cry to'Heaven for vengeance.’' 
There will .be more fire and 
brimstone from the: pulpit 
before polling day. 

The cardinal insists: '^*The 
future of our- country 'is, at 
stake ... let us proye there, is 
an effective,: non-violent way 
to change the structures in our 
society." • . ; 

President Marcos is confi- 
dent of winning at least 60 pet 
cent of the votes cast, though 
he does not want . an embar- 
rassing re-run of the . 88 per 
cent victory in the last poll in 

The clairvoyants. ‘naturally 
enough, already know the 
result. Astrologer Mell Aganon 
said in her Sunday column: “I 
see a Marcos victory. For 
days, I tried meditating oh this 
until suddenly . . . these words 
flashed before my eyes; F M 
the winner." 

Assuming she . is: correct 
and Mr Marcos gets his" fresh 
mandate by hoolr or whatever, 
her. . other predictions; may 
repay study. Far she also says: 
."British Prime Minister Mar- 
garet Thatcher 'may tesifeo due 
to. 'pressures .of Work, and 
squabbles among tier^Cabinet 
membere." V ; ■; : > ; ,-rt ' ■ - 

Paul Routledge 



A cold front will clear SE 
Britain, with a brisk westerly 
airstream becoming established 
over all areas. 

6am to midni gh t 

London, SE, control S' England, East 
AimgKa, E MUtaonds: Sunny Jnwvois 
altar early rain, scattered showers later; 
wind SW to W fresh; max temp 7C (45F)i 
E central N England, W MMtandK 
Sunny interval*, scattered showers 
developing; wind SW to W fresh or 
strong; max temp 6C (43FL 
Channel Islands, SW England: Ram 
at first. -Boon becoming brighter with 
showprs . heavy at tones;- wind SW 
strong, locally gale; max temp 8C (48J% 
S, N Wales, NW England: Showers, 
heavy at tones, some sunny Intervals; 
winds SW, strong, locally: gale; max 

Llaka District., late of Man, SW, NE, 
NW' Scotland, Qtasgow, centra 
Highlands, Argyle, Northern Manto 
Showers, frequent arid eavy «t tones; 

NOOH 70PAT F i a Mi ne a 'shewn h wBftaa BtoMT SWo nri , CoW 




v. • a 

High tldesfv^ 

r.'n-. ,. I I.-TT, l \ -1 . .-trn.- 

Snow reports 

^ Maaa sets: Moan its**:-.. 

448 am . 1248 pm 

FuB Moor January 26. 

Lightmg-up time • 

London 5.00 pm to 7.23 am 
Bristol 5.10 pm to 7 J2 am . 

Edinburgh A52 pm to 745 am 
Manchaatar 640 pm «3 7/^Q m . 

Penzance ^647 pm lo 749 am 


Temperahms at midday y U a rday : c. dcud; f. 
Wnr.-fldnia.iun. _ _ 

Aroimd Britain 

tom Rati Max 








Piste Prats 


Runs to (5 pm) 
resort - ^ 

C F 

BoMaat . c 8 48 
B im ia >9h» m ■ 7 45 

e 7 45 Jenar 
e 8 46 Lendan 

leehgi 100 190 good varied fair snow 

Snowing after partial thaw _ 

... ... 3 rn «en . . Ui. BrWVH 

CMdm e 8 46 -Meneheatar 

BSoburgh r 8 46 NavrcasSa 

Glasgow r 8 48 mxMns fey 

C F 

Guernsey * - e 9 .48 
li w em a ea ,r r 5 -4T 

Jersey • - *-«.48 
Lendan - • ■ 9 48 
Meneheat a r f.8 48 
Newcastle r-7-45 
W ona teerr a y - c .B 48 


1 Austrian composer ignoring 
North German predecessor (5). 

2 Plundered and drank case in 
mess (9). 

3 By reducing fuel consumption 
they expect lo be pounds better 
off (6-8). 


ana is o S-2— 
1 m -r 

PerthHe-howtepiay . . _ 
Monday-SanmJoy record yw PortoHo 

Add thera togathir m dawirtna your 

weekly PortloSo tom. „ 

If your Jowl nwenas the pub&shad weekly 
dvtdgnd Item you haw won outogm or a 
share of the prtzs monay staled for that week, 
and must claim your prtzs ai Instructed below. 

Haw lo data 

Telephone 7he Thne# MMiMb 
0254-53273 between 1040 am a nd 3J0 pm, 
on toa day yotr overaS total matanw The 
Tbues PmTOW QHdend. Ho ctataa can be 

accepted outside thran beua. 

haw your card with you whan you 

ran ton «« imj jut gg™”*!!? 
your card and Gad Tht Times Pornato calms 
few between ttortfridto tones. . 

Mo raaporaMty can be accepted tor lalure 

to cartaa toe claims office tor any reason 
wftliln me state d henrs. 

■n* above hstrocUona are appacaBta to 
both daHy and woeMy flMdand tons. 

• Some Times PortfoBo card* todude irtw 
mteprtrrts In tha tosbuoioni on the reverse 
aSTlhese cards are not tovaUdatac. 

• The vmrtlng ol flutes 2 and 3. ha* been 

mnanded trom aarier wratoia tor g#flrra«m 

pupoess. The Game tea# is not al tered and 
TOntowe to be played In «*a»y toa same 
way as before. 

Kttxbohet 60 160 ley 

A thaw, then stapes froze 

SSi to 90 good varied fair tore -1 

Condittons off pfs» are hazardous 

Mvb 40 70 fab- varied fair fine -1 

Worn patches on most pistes 

FRANCE _ . . ’ n 

Pune 130 280 good powder good sun D 

Thin powder on good bus ■ • - 

Ues Arcs * 95 .130 good powder good good +3 

Compact snow ongood base, no queues ... _ g 

ngues -80 140 good powder good fine -9 

New snow on good base ' - 

VdThorens 200 250 good powder good fine “5 

Good skiing with minimal queues 

too 160 good powder good fine -S 

New snowon good base ., n „ H 

Lenudwide 80 100 good varied good «oud -i 

Weather remains unsettled . 

St Moritz 65 70 good varied good wi 

Wind causing k». bare patches . j . . „ ^ 

VerWer 75 175 good powder lair. thaw 44 

Wen»w? h0ntoWi8fS, iS B * 130 Bood powder good fine < 

J^#******;* + , 

Good Skiing everywhere 

In the above reports, supplied by me representatives, L 
refers to lower slopes and U to upper stapes. Snow rsporta page ZB. 

Tendon ; 

Yeetnday: Timer max 6amto B p»n, 10C 
PDF]; min 6 pm to 6 sm, 50(4113. Humito. S 
pm. 71 per cent Rake 24hr to 8 pm. nfl. Sim: 
24hr to 6 pm. 44hr. Bar. mean sea level 8 pm. 
1J014J mBKenL. tsOno- 1.000 ndBbare .- 

Highest and lowest- 

Yesterd«r> Htatwat day temp; Falmouth, tic 

(52F): lowest mu ImtkU. 6C “«"■ 

Nghaat reWWfc Benbecute, OSiin: 
sunsNnr. Heme Bay, 7Jhr, 

Our address 

information far Induaton to The Times 
totarmatton Service should be sent to; 

Safly-Anne WNMns.-TTIS, The Time* TO 
Bos 7, 200 Gray'S Inn Road, London- WC1X 
8EZ. _ 

i486. Primed and pubtished by Times 
Newspaper* Limited. P.O. Box 7. 200 
Gray's Idd Road. London. WC1X- 8EZ. 
EnKiand. Telephone: 01-837 1234. Telex: 

WSfMfag M 

LMehanoU U 

BotmorR BJZ 

SaaAees 6.7 

8ando«i aj 

Sbsnktn 04 

B uisu aa U h 54 

Poole AA 

Seneoso 4.1 

. Weymouth 2.1 

Eamentfi 34 

Td g po te i 44 

Tortoy 34 

Ptemootti -14 

Ponzanco Z2 

Jersey . 5-7 

Qoarnqr- 1 A 

SdOytatoa 0.1 

U e s o uay Z2 

41 10 50 pale 

- 8 46 cloudy 

42 8 46 euraiyem 

46 8 46 bright 

S- 48 funny 

- 8 48 atmny - 

- 10 50 aunoy 

- 9 48 Bumy 

T # -4B susiy . 

- 8 46 sunny 

- B 41 sunny -• 

- 10 SO Bunny • - 

- ■: 48. sunny -V. 

- 10 60 aunnyan 

- 10 SO WIMPf . 

- 10 50 surety 
44 10 50 sunny am 

41 11 .52 eurmyam- 

- 10 SO sunny am 
-TO 80 etouefr ■ 

42 10 GO brightm 
.45 .10 50 bright 
.08 11 S3 sunny am 
4T 11 S2 cfauify 
.11 ID 60 sharera 

47 io so am • 
41-11 32 i h cwrere 

.04 10 so showore 

48 11 52 ffipudy 

Britain _ ;. 

Sun Rato 'Mi>. 

■ hrs te.-C f_ 

tHrscorab* - - M SO *4^,- * 

Ttotey U St 

CetwynBsy r - j^J. 

sowfoMt • - :ir :4- 

Mora S teo JM 

Douglas . JD4. 

LoodonfCM . -44 ' - otowy* ? - 
rksmoUvO .34 41 •; »;« aw ;. 
14. . - 


r-tr: {»■; 

■ - _ ■■,-48.'»*:5« tote .• f^r.i 

- - . .it. ‘ • 

bR® rod 




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264971. Tuesday January 2| 1986. 

Rcginered M a newspaper at the Post Office. 

Boon Aires* 



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