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By Donald Macintyre, Ldx»r E£bir 

StXrexders shared yesterday's 
£2,006 -Tines Portfolio oompe- 
**£*&« Mr C Nobel of 
Sofibafl, West Midlands. Mr 
Kenneth Baird of -Matron 
Worcs, Mrs B| Mnrt of 
ijawon, Mrs J Wiesner of 
Bath, r Mr R Peroral of - Old 
Kettering, Northants and Mr 
John Brown of BUtan, - War- 
wickshire each receive £333. 
PortfoHo Cat, page 22; how to 
play. Information service, back 



^rim union leaders last- night 
gave _ wanting- of industrial 
action “before the end of the • 
week" unless - News . Inter- 
national reopened talks cover- 
ing its new high-technology 
plant at Wapping, 

The warning came after the- 
two main anion*. Sogat £2 and' 
the National Graphical Associ- 
ation. announced a 5-_J majority 
in favour of industrial action in . 
a ballot of its 5,500 members at 
the company’s four Fleet Street 

Sdgat 82 members voted in 
favour by 3.534 to 752, an 
unexpectedly high majority of 
82 per cent. The NGA’s vote in 
support of industrial action was 
843 to 1 17 - a majority of 87.8 

Miss Brenda Dean, the 
general, secretary of Sogat 82. 
said after the results were 
announced - in . ..the union's 
ceptral London branch offices, 
near Kings Cross: “We will be 
seeking a meeting with the 
company to give them a last 
opportunity to resolve this issue 
through negotiations.” 

But said that if a settlement 
could not be found “then 1 
believe . we wOI see industrial 
action before the end of this 

* The company said last night: 
there _ ; conld be no further 
negotiations over the east 
London plant. They added that 
they were prepared to talk about 
existing titles at Grays Inn Road 

reopen negotiations with all the 
unions, both van the issue -of 
employment guarantees ax* 

Bouverie Street and Gray's Inn 
■ Road: and also the problems of 

. Mr Dubbins said that the 
muons wanted to see a settle- 
ment. “I think , our actions in 
going for- a secret ballot and 
obtaning the- kind of majority 
we did is an indication of that 
We are not. looking ist a 
dispute, but we win not shrink 
away from a dispute if what we 
have to do is to -defend, onr 
members*. . employment” he 

Mr Dubbins said that , his 
members were “the -people who 
created the welath that allowed 
Mr Murdoch to build Wap- 
ping”- He added: “Not only 
ha ve they had a slake in the past 
but they have got to have' a 
stake in the future.” 

The Amalgamated Union of 
“Engineering Workers yesterday 
became the second union after 
the • -electricians to hold a 
separate meeting with the 
company when mllcc were 
arranged at the request of its 
national officer for Fleet Street, 

Mr Jack Whyman, for January 
3L * 

The company, however, — ■ — 

made it clear that these talk* Miss Brenda Dean of Sogat 82 after the vote for industrial 
would cover only the issue of action by her onion and the NGA was announced last night 
mw agreements at Gray's Inn (Photograph: Chris Harris). 

Road and Bouverie Street, and ■- ; 

would not cover the Wapping | ■ 

Fflfr II 11 M 


Talks between some teachers* 
unions apd their local authority 
employers' were atgbttrned bum 
Friday atAcas, the government 
conciliation service; io^ “study 
positions set out by both sides” 
•" Photog ra ph, page 2 

Havoc in Beirut as 
car bomb kills 27 

From Our Correspondent, Beirut 

Britannia stands by 
as fighting goes on 

From Richard Dowden, Djibouti 

Birth centre 

The Prin cessof Wales visited St 
May's Hospital, Paddington, to 
open a research centre that has 
raised the hopes of hundreds of 
women who have suffered 
repeated miscarriages Page 3 

Greek charge 

Greece accused the US deputy 
Secretary of State, Mr John 
Whitehead, of lying after con- 
flicting statements about Colo- 
nel GadafiTs terror links 

Page 10 

Danish veto 

Denmark’s MPs voted to block 
EEC reform s agreed .at last 
month's Luxembourg summit. 

Bruno threat 

Anti-apartheid - - organizations 
are ca m p a igning to prevent 
Frank Bruno, Britain's heavy- 
wight hope, meeting Gone 
Coetzee, of South Africa, at 
Wembley in March Page 27. 

Although fi ghting in Aden 
i was preventing further evacu- 
ation of British expatriates, the 
Royal Yacht Britannia con- 
tinued to stand by readyto take 
off more peojfle when hear, boats 
can reach the-ahore safely. - - 

' Rear-Admiral John tSaniier 
i said yesterday that 15 Britons 
had been taken off and a further 
600 people; were awaiting 
evacuatioh- but there shooting 
was still continuingia Aden. 

In a ship-to-shore radio 
interview the admiral said that 
he had been in frequent radio 
contact with the Soviet Emr 
bassy in. Aden and there were 
250 people sheltering there. 
They were, thought to be short 
of food and water and were 
under sniper fire 
According to evacures, it was 
still nnctear who was in control 
in Aden, There .was no water or' 
electricity in the town and there 
were bodies- and burnt-out 
vehidesin the streets. 

Meanwhile a grain ship, the 
Sanko Daffodil, its huge' sides 
punctured by 35mm. shells, 
arrived here yesterday - one of 
the last big drips to leave Aden. 
The 29,000 tonnnes Japanese 
carrier was holed when a South 
Yemeni gunboat used it’ as 
cover during the early part of 

- Mr Anthony Herrington, the 
British First Engineer of the 
shlri'; said that the gunboat 
cruoied up and down 50 yards 
be hind the Sanko - Daffodil 
firing at rebal tanks on the 
seafront road. The gunboats 
firing had been so wild, 
however, that six shells hit the 
ship, ' One of them narrowly 
missing- the oxyacetytene store 
and exploding the aft-winch, 
shattering the sup e rstr u c ture 
with shrapnel. 

• Aden contacts: British 
officials on board the Britannia 
Continued an back page col 6 

-A car loaded with 1,2001b of 
explosives, petrol and oxygen 
tanks exploded yestreday in a 
busy commercial street in .the 
Christian sector of - SC: rut/ 
killing 27 peopleand wounding 
more that 100. : ' 

| ■ No., group claimed responsi- 
bility, police said they bad no 
clues. But the mercedes car blew 
up 30 yards -from an office of 
President GemayePs Phalange 
party office in a seven-story 
building in the Fur el-Shubbak 
district. Though the office lost 
its windows, the real havoc was 
in the crowded street below. 

The explosion ripped facades 
and hurled vehicles in three 
direction in huge fireballs. 
Motorists died inside their 
burning cars. Pedestrians were 
cut down by shrapnel or shards 
of glass foiling from building up 
to 400 yards away. Five 
apartment buildings were seve- 
rely damaged. 

Red Cross volunteers in 
blood-stained uniforms 

More union 
in prospect 

-The ‘ prospect of a fourth 
round of trades union legis- 
lation was yesterday raised by 
the Prime Minister when she 
told the Commons that further 
steps could .be taken to ensure' 
union officials were accountable 
to their members (our Labour 
Correspondent writes). 

Mrs Thatcher said that no 
decisions had been taken by the 
Government and before any 
proposals were finalized. Minis- 
ters would hold a consultation 
period. It is understood that -a 
Green Paper is being planned 
for before Parliament's summer 

Officials in the Department ; 
of Employment are working on 
a series of proposals -I 

struggled for hours to rescue the 
wounded under a huge cloud of 
grey and black smoke. The 
smell of cordite filled the air as 
'TlhbuHfticcs and fire engines 
ipexi. to the scene 

Bulldozers were hours later 
towing away some 30 shops. 

A car was pulled from a shoe 
shop just below the Phalange 
office. The manager, Mr Badieh 
Khoury, a pale man in his 
fifties, said that he escaped 
death by a miracle. “It was a 
big. huge explosion. I was in the 
back room when it happened.” 
be said. “But three employees 
were seriously wounded.” 
Meanwhile the Beirut daily Al- 
Haidka . which is close to left- 
wing militias, said Lebanon’s 
pro-Syrian Muslim leaders were 
considering moves in Parlia- 
ment to impeach Mr Gemayel 
on charges of high treason for 
blocking the Syrian-sponsored 

peace plan. 

Photograph, back page. 

amid oil 

By David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

The pound fell sharply 
yesterday, for the second 
successive day. Sterling's foil, 
which was particularly sharp 
agains t the mark, came amid 
con tinned uncertainties over oil 
prices and action by foe ««»** 
of Eng l a n d to stop base rates 

However, die Treasury and 
Bank of England firmly re- 
jected market talk of an 
abandonment of die firm 
exchange rate policy, as part of 
a desire to keep base rates 
downat all costs. 

Officials believe that the 
pound's latest fan is entirely 
doe to o3, and that, as for as 
this is temporary, base rates 
should not be automatically 

But the Treasury made it 
dear that the pound would not 
be allowed to fall to levels 
which jeopardize the Chancel- 
lor's target foil in inflation to 
less than 4 per cent this year. 

This was backed np by the 
Prime Minister in the Com- 
mons. Mrs Thatcher said that 
the Government** top priority 
remained the defeat of in- 

The pound fell more than 
three pfennings to a record low 
of DM3. 4661 against the 
mark. This is below the 
DM3 A0 level which the Con- 
federation of British Industry 
regards as appropriate in terms 
of relative competitiveness. 

The sterling index fell 0.7 to : 
762. In the first two days of 1 
this week the pound has fallen j 
by 1.7 points, or 2J2 per cent. ! 
Against the dollar, the pound I 
dipped to $1.4075, before 
dosing 38 points down at 
$1,412. Later in New York, it 
was steady at $1.41. 

Oil prices were the main 
focus for the markets. North 
Sea Brent erode oil for delivery 
in March rose to $20.80 a 
barrel yesterday morning hot 
lata slipped back to $19 A0. In 
New York, Brent ande for 
delivery in April fell to a seven- 
year low of $19 a barrel. 

The Bank of England, by 
leaving its dealing .rates un- 
changed, beaded off a base rate 
rise agtin- -yesterday, - -alter 
money market interest rates 
had raced np to level consistent 
with at least a point on bank 
base rates, now 12A per cent. 

• The Prime Minister, 
pressed by Conservative as well 
as Labonr MPs yesterday to 
prevent a further rise in interest 
rates, gave nO indication iff any 
intention of heeding pleas for a 
ohange of policy. 

She told the Conservative 
backbencher. Sir Peter TapseU, 
who had urged her to resist the 
clamour for even higher inter- 
est rates, that the rates were to 
a considerable extent the 
commercial judgement of the 
banks in the City “And he 
knows we cannot disregard 

this * Parliament, page 4 
Details, page 19 
Kenneth Fleet, page 19 

Peres seeking British 
aid on Middle East 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

Amid some of the tightest hours before Mr Peres arrived, 
security seen at Heathrow He had been here on an 
airport, Mr S him on Peres, the extended private visit during 
Israeli Prime Minister, arrived which be had held talks with the 
in London last night at the start Prime Minister and the Foreign 

of an official visit. 

Secretary as well as with Mr 

Over the nextg three days he Richard Murphy, the Reagan 
will bve discussing with Mrs Administration's Middle East 
Margaret Thatcher, Sir Geoffrey expert. 

Howe, the Foreign Secretary, Mr Peres will be intersted to 
and other British leaders way of learn from his British hosts 
reviving the stalled Middle East where King Husain stands on 
peace process. the crucial question of direct- 

A1 though the Israelis remain talks with Israel and what if 
mistrustful about what they anything, the British fan do to 
regard as a pro- Arab bias in nudge him in that direction. 
British policy, they nevertheless Details of Mr Peres’s visit, j 
recognize that Britain still the first by an Israeli Prime 
enjoys considerable influence in Minister since Mr Menacbem 
some Arab capitals, particularly Begin in 1977, are being kept 

with King Husain of Jordan. 

The King left London only sons. 

under wraps for security rea- 

Vicar wins earthly fight over high-tech sermons 

About . 20 milli on Britons are 
affected by rheumatic com- 
plaints sow being studied by 
top scientists. A Special Report 
marks the 50th anniversary of 
the Arthritis and Rheumatism 
Council Pages 24-25 

Omsms: 7,9,10 
Apptt 18.2,3 
Arts 12 

Batons . 19-23 
Cot ; • 18 

CrOKwacds 14^6 
Mo* 16 

Eroets 36 

Ftttun . 14-16 

LwBmwt 28 


and Letters 37 
Obituary - 28 
Farfiawrat 4 
Property 32,33 
Sale Boon - 18 
Sdevc 18 
Spirt 26-28 
TY&BwB* 35 
Theatres, etc' 35 

Wcethtr .. .;-36 

.. From Tim Jones 

Evenn sis 1 he delivered his. 
computer-punched, word -pro- 
cessed sermon, the Rev Ivo 
Morehead. found, foe 
was mightily displeased, ruling 
that he should render unto Mr 
Lawson that which belonged to 
Mr Lawson- Xn particular, the 
taxman’ decreed, Mr Marshead 
his personal honfo comphter as 
a legitimate hnsuenr expense. 

Ute ararfre' Of tike Inland 
Revenue -did opt stop there on 
the frontiers at. lrigfrtech 
EvungeBcism. They cast thefr . 
eyes on his vestuie, and 
decreed . also that his doak was . 
an item fin- which oo exemption 
could be granted. ~ 

Bat had they known more 
about ihe yfcar.i^.St Andrew's 
Church, Whitchurch, Tavis- 
tock, Devon, ^they.^ might have 
seeded for Christian charity 
and allowed his claim. For Mr 
Morshckd, aged . 59,1 b .-do ' 

- . '.i 

Mr Morshead with the tools of bis trade. 

ordinary parson. Before he was With that background, frwas 
called to Holy Orders,.- he was an uneven contest, and Mr 
the- financial controller for Morshead has jnst won his 
IBM in the United Kingdom.- battle, to have the- computer^ 

"The tax people did 
they might appeal « gah»»v the 
decision, hot appear to have 
thought better of it.” 

He said that he is one of 
about 14)00 clergymen of. all 
denominations who use com- 
puters for sermons and for 
keeping parish records. They 
have their own newsletter and 
some parsons write pro- 
grammes to sell to their 

"The computer is a great 
asset to my work. With a 

parish as old as oars people are 
forever taming np asking for 
. records, ami the computer 
makes the task of helping 
them, much easier” he «vL 

Mr Morshead said the ruling 
shoot his cloak was a local 
decision which applied to Ins 
parish. “It is a very rural area 
and a cloak is ideal fix- keeping 
oi £ the dements white standing 
at the graveside while it Is 
blowing and renting - An glican 
law says a clergyman mnust be 

suitably clothed, and for fi»fo 
parish a cloak is suitable. 

“Mind yon, I foiled in my 
attempt to gain tax exemption 
. for my shut and dog collar as 
they rated 1 Would have had to 
have worn a shirt anyway and 
the alternative was to go naked. 

“It is my understanding 
no nati o nal precedent has been 
established and mA clergy- 
man would have to make his 
own case. In London, for 
example, where there are few 
graveyards and the vicar waits 
beneath an pmKvyifo fop 
coffin to enter the crematorium 
the rales may be different”, he 

Mr Morhead said the ruling 
would add £90 a year to his 
gross salary <rf £6,400. 

A spokesman for the Inland 
Seven ne said: ^Capital allow- 
ances can be given where the 
hardware and software are 
obtained at the same rimg and 
the software is an integral part 
of the hardware*’. 

MPs press for 
end to hospitals’ 
Crown immunity 

By Philip Webster and Nicholas Timmins 
The Government was coming were indications that the report 

under strong all-party pressure has nevertheless given an 
last night to abolish Crown important boost to demands for 
im muni ty to prosecution for the abolition of Crown iniuiun- 
peoplc working in hospital ity f° r people working in 
kitchens and the authorities government buildings such as 
running them, after the out- prisons and hospitals. 

come of the Stanley Royd 
hospital inquiry. 

Mr Fowler encountered loud 
Labour protests when he re- 

At the same time Mr Norman stated the report's finding that 
Fowler, Secretary of State for 
Social Services, announced a 

high-powered inquiry into the Farley Heath Products, the 
future of the public health ^tby food manuf ac t urer famous 
system, including the control of *** h?** 5 * Farex and 

infectious and communicable Ostennflk, has been put into 
diseases, as the inquiry warned voluntary liquidation by its 
that expertise in this area is in P aren t company, Glaxo, because 
danger of being lost. °f the financial da mag e done to 

The move came as the report company by a salmonella 
into the outbreak of food outbreak that was traced to 
poisoing at the Stanley Royd Farley’s factory in Kendal, 
psychiatric hospital in Wake- Cnmbria. 
field in 1984. in which 19 ^ The factory, which makes 
patients died and more than Ostennflk and the diet sup- 
460 patients and staff were P^ emen ^ Complan, closed on 
taken ill, was highly critical of December 20. There is no 
senior managers, including inunodiale prospect of its 
doctors and nurses. reopening. 

The hospital foiled to seek ■ 

outside help, rejected it when it the evidence at Stanley Royd 
was offered, and failed to notify did not support the need for 
the relevant aihorilies property abolition of Crown immunity, 
about the outbreak. But while he told MPs that 

Catering staff and supervisors the Governement was still 
“ignored” well-known basic considering a review of Crown 
rules and principles of food immunity, which was under 
hygiene, the inquiry found. way. he conceded that the case 
Controversially, however, the was “much stronger when it 
inquiry does not recommend an comes to hospitals than almost 
end to hospitals' Crown im- any other areas one can think 
m unity to prosecution, rec- of'. 

ommending instead steps to Mr Michael Meacher, 
ensure that warnings about Labour's chief social services 
dirty and inadequate kitchens spokesman, said that a survey 
are acted on effectively. of 1,000 hospitals by the 

Conservative and Labour Institution of Environmental 
MPs reacted with concern and Health Officers showed that 60 
anger at the findings, and there Continued on back page, col 3 

Key Westland memo 
battle for Thatcher 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

The Prhne Minister and 
Commons defence select 
committee were embroiled in a 
costituiional battle last night 
over the release of key Govern- 
ment papers at the heart of the 
Westland controversy. 

In a biunt statement. Sir 
Humphurey Akins, Conserva- 
tive chairman of the committee 
which is carrying out an inquiry 
into Westland, said: “We will 
expect to be provided with any 
information, including internal 
Government papers, that we 
consider necessary.” 

In particular, the 11 -man 
committee is expected to 
demand to see a Cabinet 
memorandum written on Oc- 
tober 4 by Mr Leon Brittan, 
Secretary of State for Trade and 

Mr Michael Heselune. the 
former Secretary of Stale for 
Defence, has claimed the memo 
shows Mr Brittan stressing the 
need to explore urgently a 
European option for rescuing 

Sir Humphrey's colleagues 
arc also likely to request a copy 
of the minute of a meeting 
between Sir John Cuckncy. 
chairman of Westland, and Mr 
Brittan on October 1 7. 

Mr Heseltine has insisted 
both documents vindicate his 
position in the Westland saga. 
Bui last night Downing Street 
sources insisted the Govern- 
ment was not prepared to break 
with established practice and 
release such documents. 

If Mrs Thatcher rejects the 
defence committee's demands, 
it will have to consider taking 
the matter to the floor of the 

Sir Humphrey and his col- 
leagues would have to preprc a 
special report and seek the 
support of the Commons in 
making the Government hand 
over the papers. Such a move 
would be unprecedented in 
recent parliamentary history. 

Sir Humphrey, who made his 
statement last night as his 

Continued on back page, col 1 








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Shift in rate support 
grant will hurt shire 
councils, Thatcher says 

By Richard Evans and Colin Hnghes 

Mrs Thatcher admitted yes- 
terday that the Government's 
controversial rate support grant 
settlement which provoked a 
Conservative backbench re- 
bellion on Monday night, would 
cause “discomfort'* to shire 

Thirty-two Conservative 
MPs, including three former 
Cabinet ministers. Mr Francis 
Pym, Mr James Prior and Sir 
Ian Gilmour, voted against the 
Government and about 20 
more abstained. 

They were protesting at the 
shift in resources to inner cities 
at the expense of shire counties, 
which are losing more than 
£200 million in grant. 

The Prime Minister said in 
the Commons that the rate 
support grant settlement would 
•■unfortunately’' hurt the shires. 

She told Mr David Steel. 
Liberal Party leader “I am no 
advocate of the present system. 
That is why we will bring in 
proposals in a Green Paper 
before the end of the month to 
change it." 

The shires are again in 
revolt over huge rate rises being 
forced by cuts in government 
grants, as funds are switched to 
the inner cities. But behind the 
rhetoric of backbench Con- 
servative “wets" and ministers 
lies a more complex picture. 

As shown by a comparison 
between Surrey and Sheffield, 
two councils at the opposite 
ends of political colour and 
spending habits, few councils 
have found any grounds for joy 
in the Government's new 
methods of calculating the 

Surrey, with a solid Tory 
majority and lone historv of low 

spending and small rate rises, 
will need to bend over back- 
wards at its budget subcom- 
mittee meeting tomorrow to 
keep its proposed increase down 
to about 13 percent. 

Ratepayers in other counties 
face even worse. Buckingham- 
shire is forecasting a 30 per cent 
rise. Wiltshire 25.9 per cent, 
Oxfordshire 31.5 per cent, 
Bedfordshire 32.6 per cent, 
Warwickshire 22.5 per cent. 
Hertfordshire 22.7 per cent. 
Leicestershire 19.9 and Derby- 
shire 19.7 per cent. 

Some are hung councils or 
have historic higher spending 
problems. Last year Surrey’s 
rale increase was only 4.5 per 

The county includes Mr 
Kenneth Baker. Secretary of 
State for the Environment, 

among its resident MPs: he 
represent Mole Valley. The feet 
that his constituents will see 
their council suffer a govern- 
ment gram cut from £41.5 
million this year to £22.5 
million next year is certain to be 
reflected in his reception at 
Kingston upon Thames county 
hall when he visits councillors 
on Friday. 

For the cut is a 45 per cent 
loss to the county, among the 
worst proportionate reductions. 
Even thai assumes 3.4 per cent 
inflation, a figure which Mr 
Derek Thomas, the county 
treasurer, regards as "totally 

He proposes, instead, to 
increase spending by only 6 per 
cent, where most councils are 
planning to raise expenditure by 
about 10 per cent. That will 
mean a budget of £335 million 
next year, and a rate rise of 14.9 
per cent. 

“By using reserves, and 
transferring some spending to 
capital accounts, we should be 
able to push the rate rise down 
lo about 13 per cent, which is 
much less than some others." 
Mr Thomas said. "But what 
you have lo remember is thai 
even then we will be losing 
nearly half our grant, although 
our budget will be £3 million 
short of what the Government 
itself says we need to spend." 

So where is the spare money? 
Ministers say it is being 
transferred to the needy inner 

cities, but the truth is that, when 
all the arrangements for Greater 
London Council and metropoli- 
tan council abolition are wor- 
ked out. only the inner London 
boroughs make big gains. 

Sheffield, in contrast, esti- 
mates that it gains only £8 
million from the change govern- 
ment calculations. 

This year the city is receiving 
£86 million in grant towards a 
£247 million budget, mainly 
because it suffered penalties for 

The Government reckons 
that Sheffield needs to spend 
only. £25 million next year, a 
trivial increase. The council 
disagrees, and it is planning 
instead to spend £304 million, 
and 11 per cent increase, to 
maintain its policy of no cuts in 

So Sheffield will be penalized 
again, losing as much as it 
appears to gain; the city’s likely 
grant next year will be. not the 
£91 million predicted by 
government figures, but nearer 
£55 million. According to Mr 
Genville FolwelL the city 
treasurer, "the block grant loss 
alone would imply a rate 
increase of 25 per cent." 

Rail uniofis 
fear 4,000 
job losses; 

Mrs Nicky Harrison, the employers' leader, uni (left to right) Mr MUta. .aw"! 

Association of Schoolmasters /Union of Women Teachers, and his depoty, Mr Nigel de Grnchy. at Acas q 

London yesterday for talks on the teachers' pay dispute. 

Hurd urged to reveal| 
Yard riot findings 

Mr Douglas 
Secretary, is to be pressed to 
make p<* *'”■ ‘t the findings of 
an internal Scotland Yard 
inquiry on the handling of the 
Tottenham riots after the 
publication yesterday of evi- 
dence by a junior officer that 
trainings of impeding trouble 
vrere ignored. 

The report, drawn up by the 
woman police sergeant in 
charge of the home beat 
officers on the Broadway Farm 
estate, describes a meeting with 
the area chief superintendent 
four days before the violence at 
which warnings of the riot were 

Woman police Sergeant 
Gillian Meynell said she to|d 
Chief Superintendent Colin 
Couch of possible trouble. Her 
report catalogued a 'number of 
attacks on her officers almost 
day-to-day, raised questions 
about whether evidence of 
petrol bombs and drug dealing 
was thrown away and suggested 
youths on the estate openly 
practised throwing petrol 

When the riot took place her 
officers, who knew the estate 
were not called in and maps in 
the police control room were 
out of date. At one stage, in 
response to the warnings. Mr- 
Coach is alleged to have 

By Our Crime Reporter 
Hurd. Home suggested that as there was a 

spy story 

Winter sales 
at Harrods 

forecast of rain the chances of 
trouble were redoced. 

Yesterday Mr Clive Soley, 
Labour MP for Hammersmith 
and Opposition spokes m an on 
Home Affairs, called on Mr 
Hurd to comment on the report 
and police action before the 
riot Mr Soley said: "There is 
considerable disquiet even 
within the police at the 
handling of this incident." 

He asked the Home Sec- 
retary to publish the findings of 
the ’inquiry set up by Sir 
Kenneth Newman, com- 
missioner of the Metropolitan 
Police, to review public order 
tactics in the light of Totten- 
ham and widespread criticism 
from rank-and-file officers over 
how it was bandied. 

WPS Meynell made her 
report initially to the Police 
Federation and it has also been 
seen by the deputy assistant 
commissioner, Michael 

Richards, the local police 
commander for the Tottenham 
area. It is thought to have been 
leaked by a north London 
officer after a report by Mr 
Richards last week on the rioL 

Yesterday Scotland said the 
report by the police sergeant 
and its implications were being 

MPs’ secrets protest 

By Our Political 
Labour MPs are expected to 
stage a Commons select com- 
mittee walk-out tonight when 
Mr Tony Benn is called to give 
evidence, in secret, about the 
Official Secrets Act. 

Mr Benn, Labour MP for 
Chesterfield, yesterday com- 
plained to the Speaker that he 
had submitted the photocopy of 
a classified document. Ques- 
tions of Procedure for Ministers. 
to the Treasury and Civil 

Service sub-committee and he 
had been told that the com- 
mittee would question him in 
private about it. The committee 
is investigating pie duties and 
responsibUiles of Civil Servants 
and ministers. 

He gold the Speaker: “This 
document lays down in great 
detail the rules which honour- 
able members of this House, 
who happen to be ministers or 
parliamentary private sec- 
retaries in any administration, 
are required to obey. 

By Rodney Cowton 

Defence Correspondent 
The Russian Embassy in 
London yesterday denied a 
report that for the past two 
years members of the Russian 
Spetsnaz special forces had 
infiltrated the women’s protest 
groups at Greenham Common. 

According lo the journal 
Jane's Defence Weekly ever 
since the arrival of cruise 
missiles at Greenham at the end 
of 1983. there had been between 
three and six trained Russian 
women agents outside the 
camp. This was said first to 
have been disclosed by defec- 
tors in Washington. 

The Russian Embassy in an 
officail statement said: “The 
Soviet Embassy categorically 
refutes this malicious slander. It 
is an attempt to whip up anti- 
Soviet hysteria, to cause feelings 
of mistrust and animosity 
towards the Soviet Union. 

Greenham women reacted 
yesterday with derision, anger 
and alarm to the allegation that 
Soviet-trained spies had infil- 
trated their ranks and manipu- 
lated their protests against 
Cruise missiles {Pat Healy 
writers). . „ 

They dismissed the alle- 
gations as “absurd" and some 
responded by filling in a 
newspaper competition with a 
Russian holiday as top prize 
with the slogan: “We ne«i to 
brush up on basic training.’ 

Several of the women, now 
occupying five peace camps at 
the perimeter gate around the 
base, expressed fears that the 
allegations could lead to real 
danger for them next time they 
try to get into the base. 

One women,- in a group of 
half a dozen trying to keep 
warm around a camp fire 
Blue Gate to the north of the 
base, said the allegations could 
give American servicemen the 
excuse to “shoot one of us and 
argue that we could have been 
one of the Russian spies " 

By David Felton 
Labour Correspondent 
Harrods, which is in the 
middle of its winter sale, could 
be hit by a strike today because 
of a dispute about the dismissal 
by the company of a transport 
union official. 

Mass meetings of the 300 
members of the Transport and 
General Workers’ Union at 
Harrods are to be held today at 
the Knightsbridge store and a 
furniture warehouse in Barnes, 
south west London. 

Mr Bill Lamb, the TGWU 
convener at Harrods. said the 
dispute had blown up yesterday 
afternoon when the company 
dismissed Mr Victor Brown, the 
deputy convener, for alleged 
misconduct. Mr Lamb said the 
company refused him facilities 
to conduct a secret ballot among 
TGWU members about 
whether they were prepared to 
strike over the dismissal. 

The derision whether to take 
industrial action will be taken at 
todav's meetings by a show of 
hands, which will not conform 
to the terms of the Trade Union 
Act 1984. Mr Lamb said last 
night; "We wanted to hold 
ballot but as the company 
refused us facilities ! can't sec 
how they can take any action 
against us." 

The union plans to organize 
an immediate walk-out if the 
votes are for industrial action m 
order to try to win Mr Brown’- 


A report on December 14 said a 
proposed drugs centre for Capel 
Seion. near Aberystwyth, was 
causing concern locally because it 
was only yards from the primary 
school. In fan the project is more 
than half a mile away and out of 
sight of the school. 

The Times overseas selling prices 

Austria SOI 29: Betolwn B In gO: Canada 
Canaries Pesaott Cyprus TO MM 
Denmark Dkr JO.O& Finland Mkk 9.00: 
France Fra 8. 00: DM 3.K* 

Gibraltar 60p: Greece Dr 180: Holland GJ 
3.50: Irish Republic Kaly 1L 2500: 

Luxembourg LT 46: Madeira Esc 170; MalO 

35c. Morocco DtrjO.^N^'a^Kr 9.00: 


_ . 170: 

„ . Spain Pm ZOO: 

Skr 9.00: swltmrland S Frs 3.CW: TUng* 
Dtn 80.00: USA 11.70; Yugoslavia Din 3E0 

^ IB: 
Singapore SS-Ctt* 

Madrid gets list of 
British criminals 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter ; 

A list of nearly 30 of Britain’s The legislation on aliens has 

most warned criminals living as been in operation for some 
fugitives in Spain has been sent months and earlier this, month 
Madrid in preparation for ■»- reoorted 

MP’s pay-out 
on Lloyd’s 


By Our Labour . 

Correspondent • 

Rail unions were last night 
bracing themseNes for-jxssibfe- 
Utige scale redundancies follow; 
ing the announcement of a re-- 
organization of. British Rail 

Engineering in preparation for-; 
the privatization of locomotive 

building. . - 

The unions were told of the 
new company structure at a 
meeting yesterday of the Rah 
Council, the industry’s: top 
consultative body. Further dis- 
cussions are to be, held and 
British Rail - Engineering 
(BREL) said it was too' early to 
suggest the impact on .employ- 
ment but unofficial estimates 
circulating in union -circles last 
night suggested that more than 

4 000 jobs could be at risk. 

Under the proposals BREL 
will be split into two divisions. 
The first will comprise the 
Crewe, Derby and York loco- 
motive works and. foundry at 
Harwich, near Bolton, to build 
new products 
The second divisions corn- 
prizing works at Wolverton, 
Bucks, Doncaster, Eastleigh, 
near Southampton and Glasgow 
will form a BR maintenance 
group, working exclusively for 
BR on maintenance and light 
repairs to rolling stock. 


deportation proceedings under 
new Spanish legislation. 

Armed with the list the 
Spanish police have given 
assurances to Scotland _ Y ard 
that they will pass on intelli- 
gence of the plans and move- 
ments of criminals as they are 
deported from the “Costa del 
Crime". If the criminals travel 
to, or through, a country with 
an extradition treaty with 
Britain the British police will 
immediately ask for the man to 
be held. 

The list will include armed 
robbers, swindlers and other 
criminals for whom wairants 
have been issued in Britain. 
There is also a secondary list of 
less important criminals who 
also face proceedings in Britain. 

According to a Scotland Yard 
source lists have also been 
drawn up of suspects against 
whom no warrant has been 
issued, but who could be 
charged if they returned lo 
Britain. There is also a group of 
people whom the police would 
like to interview about offences. 

the first Britons were reported 
to have received papers for their 
deportation. The process of the 
legislation and its machinery 
will be discussed by Spanish 
and British officials as it 

The new laws on aliens was 
introduced last summer as 
Britain and Spain renewed 
extradition arrangements after a 
break since 1978. The extra- 
dition treaty does not become 
active until ratified in the 
Spanish parliament 

The Spanish law on foreign- 
ers is partly intended to cover 
the gap which now exists. Until 
the extradition treaty is ratified 
it is possible for criminals to 
flee to Spain for safety and 
remain there as the treaty 
cannot be retrospective. 

But Sefior Rafael Vails, the 
Spanish legal attache, said 
yesterday that the aliens legis- 
lation contained a clause that 
allowed the Spanish to deport 
someone whose presence in 
Spain would cause difficulties in 
relations with another country, 

Early English books 
sold to American 

By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 
In the biggest deal in the 
history of the book trade the 
Carl and Lily Pforzheimer 
Foundation of New York has 
sold its collection of early 
English printed books and 
manuscripts to Mr H Ross 
Perot, the Texas electronics 
millionaire who is one of the 
richest men in the world. 

Mr Perot has deposited the 
collection with the University 
of Texas which announced 
yesterday that it is seeking 
private funds "in the range of 
SI 5 million" to buy the 
collection from Mr Perot. The 
London book dealers Bernard 
Quaritch Ltd negotiated the 


deal for the 

Carl H Pforzheimer, an 
American financier, Was one of 
the largest book collectors of 
the twentieth century. 

After his death ownership of 
the libary was transferred to a 
foundation named after him 
and his wife, L3y. The 
foundation, now run by his son 
Carl and other members of the 
family, has focused its interest 
on the Romantic period, financ- 
ing important research into 
Shelley and his circle. Earlier 
books are being sold. Pforz- 
beimer’s Gutenberg Bible was 
sold to the University of Texas 
in 1978 for $24 million. 

By Anthony Bevins 
Political Correspondent 
Mr Brian Sedgemore and Mr 
Dennis Skinner, two Labour 
MPs alleged last night that Mr 
Richard Needham, Parliamen- 
tary Under-Secretary at the 
Northern Ireland Office, paid a 
Lloyd's syndicate less than 
£4,000 in cash as part of a 
settlement for losses of more 
than £21,000. 

The Times reported yesterday 
that Mr Needham has been put 
on aviation syndicate 244 in 
1979 and, in spite of a promise 
that it would, be "safe and 
sound", the syndicate cost an 
estimated £3 million before it 
was wound up by agents 
Laurence Philipps in 1981. 

Mr Needham told The Times 
that, because of his “safe and 
sound" agreement he had 
refused to pay losses on 244, 
that he eventually paid Lau- 
rence Philipps between £11,000 
and £1 2.000, and refused to join 
other aggrieved names in taking 
action against the agents. 

But in a Common motion 
last night Mr Sedgemore and 
Mr Skinner alleged that of the 
£12,000 .paid, to Laurence 
Philipps, “less than a third was 
paid in cash" Mr Needham had 
told The Titties that he wrote 
cheques for "several thousands 
of pounds". 

■ The MPs also asked for an 
explanation of the “tax rebate 
arrangement" which Mr Need- 
ham had told The Times was 
used to cover part of the 
£12,000 Laurence Philipps loss- 

They expressed shock that 
Mr Needham “subsequently 
spurned an approach to help 
other members of syndicate 244 
who were in the same boat and 
arc even today seeking redress 
against Laurence Philipps”. 

In a motion, the MPs said 
that there was no such thing as a 
"safe syndicate at Lloyd's and 
that others who had been put on 
244 had asked to be placed on 
conservative syndicates. 

Three fined for 
dog fight 

Three men were each fined 
£500 yesterday for their part ia 
organizing a dog fight. They 
were also barred from keeping 
dogs or holding a dog licence for 

five years. ^ 

They were: Ian Glover, aged 
32, of Fir Street, Nelson, 
Lancashire, and Trevor Fryer, 
aged 34, of Towngate Road, 
Bailey, West Yorkshire, who 
denied causing or assisting at a 
dog fight last September and 
Glen Jones, aged 26, of 
Westminster Avenue, Royston, 
Greater Manchester, who had 
earlier admitted the offence. 

Doll ban is 

Blow-up dolls are not 
obscene, hamster Mr Nigel 
Peters claimed at the European 
Court of Justice in Luxembourg 
yesterday. “They are a novelty, 
a joke of a sexual nature, but are 
not; within the realms ol 
pornography,” be said. 

Mr Peters, for the London 
importers Co negate, was chal- 
lenging the seizure of 490 
inflatable dolls- and 12. “sexy 
vacyum flasks" by Heathrow 
Airport- customs men three 
years ago. He said _ it * was 
discrimination against imported 
goods. The court ruling wili be 
given later. . 

Clian chief dies 
in bar crash 

General Sir Gordon MacMil- 
lan of MacMillan, aged 89, 
hereditary chief of the MacMil- 
lan -dan, was killed yesterday 
when, his car was in collision 
with another near his home ai 
the Finlavstone Estate, Lan- 
gbank, Pori Glasgow. 

Sir Gordon, who served in 
both world wars, was Colonel of 
the. - Argyll and Sutherland 
Highlanders for 13 years before 
retiring from the Army in 1956. 
He later became Goyouor of 

Union backs pay plan 

By Oar Labour Correspondent 
largest Civil Ser- fCPSAl which is the largest and 
is expected to reject and 
effectively kill the proposals. 

But yesterday's conference or 
the Institution of Professional 
Civil Servants (IPCS1 decided 
that if the other Civil Service 
unions threw out the plan it 
would seek a unilateral agree- 
ment. with the Government. 
Voting to go it alone was 


The third 
vice union yesterday gave Lis 
backing, by a surprisingly 
narrow majority, to a new long- 
term pay system proposed by 
the Government but because of 
opposition from other unions 
the proposals look doomed. 

The key to the future of the 
system is a special conference 
tomorrow of the Civil and 
Public Services Association 

New-look legal ombudsman 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs 
The Lord Chancellor has 
broken ranks with tradition in 
his latest appointment of the 
Lay Observer, the "legal om- 
budsman" who monitors me 
way the Law Society handles 

complaints from dissatisfied 
clients. . 

For the first time since it was 
created 10 years ago the job has 
gone not to an ex-serviceman 
bflt to a retired civil servant, Mr 
Lionel Kightman. aged 57, who 
took up the post at the 
beginning of this month. 

Critics of the Law Society’s 
handling of complaints will take 
some heart from the fact that he 
comes from the Office of Fair 
Trading, and admits that some 
of its ethos has undoubtedly 
nibbed off. although as director 
of competition he was not on 
the consumer affairs side. 

Mr Lighiman is the third 
holder of the £22,000 a year job 
of Lay Observer, created under 
the Solicitors' Act, 1974. He 
operates from a small office 
deep in the complex labyrinth 
of corridors that comprise the 
Royal Courts of Justice in the 
Strand with a tiny staff and 
tackles by letter a postbag that 
totals about 300 complaints a 
vear. although the occasional 
complainant turns up in person. 

He takes over at a time when 
the whole system of complaints 
against solicitors is very’ much 

The Law Society receives 
about 9,000 complaints a year . 
-from the public. Of the 300 who 
then turn to the Lay Observer, 
onlv two in three fell within his 
remit, in lhat they complain of 
the way their complaint was 
treated by the society. Of those, 
the previous Lay Observer was 
critical of the society in 0.14 per 
cent of cases. 

Those who were disappointed 
that the previous holder of the 
job. Major-General John Allen 
was not more critical of the Law 
Society during the Glanville 
Davies affair are hopeful that 
Mr Lighiman will take a 
tougher line. 

But he is careful not to 
commit himself, “One of the 
tasks of the Lay Observer is a 
rather difficult balancing act” 
under scrutiny and reform after a j m j 5 to ixep lines of 
the controversial Glanvuic communication with the Law 
Davies affairs in which a former Society open and “maintain 

council member was struck on proper relations" without jeo- 
after overcharging a client by pardizing his independence or 

about £ 130 , 000 ; and sees the job “being taken over and unduly 

as a key one in maintaining influenced by their point of 

Bar outlines reforms to 
improve legal services 

By Our Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Mr Lionel Lightman, the 
new Lay Observer 

Reforms to end some of the 
demarcations between the two 
branches of the legal profession 
and improve the service to the 
public were outlined by the 
chairman of the Bar, Mr Robert 
Alexander, QC, yesterdays 

Id an address to the City of 
London branch of the Institute 
of Directors, he said the Bar had 
agreed with the Law Society 
that once a barrister bad been 
briefed for a magistrates* court 
rase, he should not have to have 
a solicitor attending him. 

“This will, I suspect, be 
extended in time to other areas 
where the work of the solicitor 

practice in favour of solicitors 
and would make it harder for 
able law graduates to become 
barristers if they wished. 

In the first full statement by 
the Bar since those proposals 
.were published. Mr Alexander 
said: “This is a time of 
challenge for the City, insti- 
tutions and the professions. We 
are expected to give a high 
standard of service, to be cost 
efficient, and our restrictive 
practices can only be justified in 
so far as they serve, the public 

But he emphasized the 
importance of maintaining a 

public confidence. 

“It is important mainly 
because hewever good com- 
plaints handling is by a 
professional body, there are 
bound to be people who 
question it and the conduct of 
investigation has to be seen to 
be fair. Here are members of the 
profession sitting in judgement 
on their fellows, and it is useful 

view . 

There is pressure m 
quarters, both within 
outside the legal profession, for 



the complaints machinery to be 
removed from the Law Society 
and placed with an independent 

Without being drawn on the 
complaints machinery debate, 

is effectively done by the time specialist and separate Bar with 
the case comes to court," he it S "fundamental skills" which 
said. have been “integral to our 

The Bar was also considering system of law” and "widely 
whether lo permit other pro- envied abroad". . , 

fessions such as accountants 'The Bar. and the training 
and planning specialists to have which practice gives for i 
direct access to barristers in judges, has played and should 
cases where there is no need for continue to play its essential 
a solicitor also to be involved. part in the administration of 
But in another statement justice as a separate, specialist 
yesterday, Mr Alexander made profession.” 
clear he did not back a Mr Alexander also railed for 
discussion paper published by higher fees for barristers 
the Law Society outlining frauds were to be successfully 
radical reforms to end Testnc- prosecuted and standards geoer- 
tive practices in .the legal jjjy within the legal profession 

om msu iciiwws, ana u is usciui „i„ r i v 

to have some assurance of that Mr Lightman rays tiat cirar y 
fair conduct by the existence of changes will mean aretnin 
an independent outsider ” the Lay Observers roie. 

profession and bring in a 
common system of education 

and training for all lawyers. 

“It would be the endof the 
Bar as we now it," he said. The 
nian created a “new restrictive 

were not to deteriorate. 

The Bar has submitted to the 
Government pay claimsf 30 40 
per cent for -lawyers doing 
criminal legal aid work. 


i** uv: 

Plan on 

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Pregnancy research gives 
* hope to victims of 
' repeated miscarriages 

Thousands of women whose 
t ***** children end in 

Wiscarriaaes could 
! hel P at a research centre 
JuT 1 .*?* officially opened by 
. Princess of Wales yesxer- 

The Harris Birthright Centre 
*° r research into Early Pre- 
g«cy at St Mary’s Hospital, 
f^ddington, what London, is 
■treaay claiming an 80 per cent 
•"cocss rate for a new tech- 
““lue to prevent the mother's 
5?**® rejecting the baby as a 
joreign body an immunologi- 
cat reaction is that bcleived to 
■ a ®* c£ three quarters of the 
"•onieD who have recurrent 

When the mother is injected 
a vaccine made from her 
husband’s blood she creates the 
. wcessary antibodies to protect 
. j|iCT against the “foreign" being. 
The technique has even wor- 
ked with women who have h»d 
Wot IS miscarriages, although 
■cconiing to staff at the centre. 

Between 40 and 60 per cent 
of ad pregnancies are believed 
end in miscarriage. 

Research into mate rnal an- 

By Patrida Clough 

xiety, believed to be another 
primpa) cause of mucania^es. 
has also, yielded interesting 

Anxiety affects the blood 
flow that gives the baby oxygen 
and nourishment in the womb, 
and graphs at the centre show 
how the flow can change 
dramatically as a mother talks 
about her unhappy childhood 
or reads an exciting book. 

Dr Ian Sutherland, a co- 
director of the centre and a 
medical engineer, is developing 
a tiny probe which can relay 
the level of the mother’s blood 
flow to a monitoring and 
recording device so small she 
can keep it in her band bag. 

Mark Kemp, aged 10 weeks, 
who was sleeping soundly as 
the Princess of Wales came by, 
was a living example of the 
success of the centre. His 
mother, Mrs Barbara Kemp, 
had three miscarriages in two 
and a half years “and basically 
we had given up", her hus- 
band, Les, said. 

Mrs Kemp had asked the 
centre for help after reading 
about it 

“Then they took gallons of ■ 

Better success hope 
/or test tube babies 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 
Many more infertile women leading the project, said yester- 
wul be able to give birth to day. 

“test-tube" babies in the next “This should lead to a better 
few years if an important new rim nr* of live births from the 
research programme is success- embryos we do replace. It 
,xuL should also mean fewer cases of 

The research is also likely to multiple births and to a 
lead to a reduction in the high reduction in the risks of genetic 
incidence of twins, triplets and disease." 
quadruplets bom as a result of Professor Baird, who is the 
in-v itro fertilization, and to MRCs cKnfcai research pro- 
fewer congenital or hereditary lessor of reproductive endoerin- 




IVF ology at Edingurgh, said that if 
sufficiently accurate tests are 

Although about 2,000 babies developed, the fer tilized eggs of 
have been bom worldwide couples known to carry a high 
through IVF in the past seven risk of genetic disorder could be 
i£ars, the success rate is only IS screened to exclude those 
jkr cent to 20 per cent One of capable of reproducing the 
the main reasons is that condition, 
specialists have been unable to “The technology to develop 
identify which fertilized eggs are such tests already exists," he 
most likely to develop through said. “It is really now a question 
pregnancy into healthy infants, of developing good enough 
This inability has meant that probes to identify the genetic 
three or more such “pre-em- material, and then making sure 
bryos" are replaced in the that they work." 
mother’s womb to improve the Professor Baird said he and 
odds of a single pregnancy. In colleagues had considered the 
most cases, the treatment fails ethical issues by their research, 
but in many others, the result is “We recognize that we have 
the birth of twins, triplets or an obligation to think very 

even quadruplets. 

Researchers at 
University have 

carefully about planned expen- 
Edinburgh meats and our motives 
received a “There are great potential 

£400,000 grant from the Medi- benefits from our new work, 
cal Research Council and will Even in the best IVF centres in 
concentrate on fin di n g a test to the world, the success of the 
jtlvitify accurately the heal- treatment in relation to the 
thiest pro-embryos. troubles and heartaches the 

“Within five years we hope to patients suffer Is really quite 
be a We to identify In the small, 

(laboratory the embryos which “Scientists in this field have 
are grossly abnormal and avoid fhe potential to increase sub- 
replacing them in the mother,” stantially the prospects for such 
Processor David Baird, who is patients.” 

MPs want gas monopoly curbs 

j By Stephen Goodwin 
I Tougher controls aimed at 
'preventing a privatized British 
Gas Corporation from abusing 
I the natural monopoly it will 
enjoy were demanded by an all- 
, party committee of MPS yester- 

tln a 250-page .report, the 
^Conservative-dominated select 
committee on energy severely 
critdzes _ the over-optimistic 
notions it believes lie behind 
the Government proposals for 
the gas industry. 

Youth guilty 
of murdering 
woman on train 

Jack Roy, aged 16, of 
Shorebridge Street, Glasgow, 
was yesterday sentenced to be 
detained during her Majesty’s 
pleasure after bang found guilty ' 
of murdering Janet Maddocks, 
nq Birmingham social worker, by 
^tabbing on board a late-night 
train last March. 

At Birmingham Crown Court 
Mr Justice Otton described his 
crime as “evil and callous." 

Roy stabbed the woman, who 
was aged 35, so severely in the 
neck that her spinal cord and 
jugular vein were severed. 

At one stage Roy admitted to 
* police he had killed her in a 
handbag snatch that went 
wrong, but in the witness box 
gaM he could remember nothing 
about the journey from Milton 
Keynes to his home in Glasgow 
because he was “high" and 
haHacinating on the drug, LSD. • 

The sale of British Gas could 
net the Government about £8 
billion. The Gas Bill, which 
paves the way for privatization, 
is before a Commons s tanding 
committee and should become 
law by the summer. But the 
MPS are not satisfied with 
safeguards for consumers 
They are particularly critical 
of the proposed regulatory 
framework. They say it is 
insufficient “to ensure that the 
gas industry does not fell prey 
to the temptation to abuse its 

Typist says she 
will marry man 
in sex case 

A government typist. Miss 
Mary Harvey, at the centre of 
the Civil Servant sex trap case, 
still plans to marry her accused 

She told the Central Crown 
Court of her intention to marry 
Leonard Denham, aged 55, as 
she gave evidence in his defence 

Denham of Balham, South 
London, was accused of tortur- 
ing am! h larlrmailliig a wiiw 

Civil Servant when he learned 
that the man had allegedly tried 
to have oral sex with Miss 
Harvey at a Christmas party. 

Denham was convicted of 
blackmail but cleared of wound- 
ing rtie> itxiii with intent to ch ****** 
grievous bodily harm. 

Miss Harvey, aged 37, who is 
disabled, is alleged to have hired 
the CtrU Servant, referred to as 
Mr X to her flat 

great powers to the disadvan- 
tage of its customers and the 

The Committee want the 
head of the proposed watchdog, 
the Director General of the 
Office of Gas Supply (0%as) to 
have the power and freedom to 
promote competition in the gas 
market. But as a check on 
domestic prices it recommends 
that the director certify that 
profits in the domestic sector 
are a fair reflection of revenue 
and costs. 

Nun helps police 
in chase 
after suspect 

Police in Bristol .were yester- 
day seeking a nun who helped 
catch a fleeing suspect and later 
gave first aid to the policeman 
who had been chasing him_ 

The nun saw two men 
pursued by Police Counstable 
Alan George in the Clifton area 
of the city on Monday night and 
promptly tripped one of them, 
enabling PC George to grapple 
. whith him. 

PC George was knocked 
unconscious in the struggle, but 
the man was arrested near the 
scene as other police arrived. 

The nun gave first aid to PC 
George as he lay on the 
pavement. He was treated in 
hospital for cuts and braises 

“The nun disappeared and 
we would like to trace her to 
thank her", the police said 
yesterday. She might also be 
needed as a witness, they added. 

Puzzle *of meningitis outbreak 

By Craig Seton 
Medical authorities are baf- 
flfd by a new outbreak of 
bacterial meningitis, which has. 
Mlfed twe children and seriously 
affected more than 50 other 
--Mile in south Gloucestershire 
1^ 1981. The incidence of the 1 
gjgtose is up to five times the 
m liter 1 figure, and attempts to] 

gs victims havefailed. 

Six new cases have been 
dLUpoftcd since December, after a 
i-n af five months, and one of 
-fPcm, a boy aged 15, died In 

^The^dlsease has occurred 
. ^ hi nil f fit the Stresi 

ffetrick where there have been 
Jg cares since 1981 and the 
qm n-Brier area, where there 

have been 15 cases. Young 
people are considered most at 
risk, and. two children have 
been left profoundly deaL 

Health authorities are now 
widening their search for 
common factors that could 
explain its reappearance. 

Victims of the disease are to 
be questioned about their 
personal and social lives and 
the findings compared with a 
control group. The Communi- 
cable Disease Surveillance 
Centre, at roi H uphU, north 
London is gathering infor- 
mation about the outbreak, and 
the public heal t h lab ora tory in 
M a nche ster .is attempting to 
discover if the particular 
organism, kfcn t fflk d as Menin- 
gococcal, Group B, type 15, has 

any fh a r a riit ri k s. 

Dr Michael Mayer-Janes, 
community physician for the 
Gloucester health district; said 
yester da y; 1 am not denying 
there is aproUem, bat we have 
Had an Bwdna incidence rather 
than an epidemic.” 

At the funeral of the last 
victim, Charlie Smith, an 
orphan, who attended a special 
school in Stroud, the Rev John 
Ode said he had been struck 
down “by our local pestilence". 

There' have also been 27 
cases of viral me nhi g ttfa - 
considered to he less dangerous 
- in the Strood area, and seven 
in the Gt nmi ttr area over four 
years. Again, the inridence was 
higher than n a ti ona lly . 

Financial crisis puts Goldcrest’ s future in balance 

my blood and made a vaccine 
from it", Mrs Kemp said. She 
had to travel to London from 
their home in Sawbridgeworth, 
Hertfordshire, frequently for 
injections and a three-week 
stay at St Mary’s during the 
critical third month. 

“When I held him in my 
arms I couldn't believe it", said 
Mr Kemp. “Until he was 
actually born and we had 
counted his fingers and toes we 
'were both quite worried". 

The antibody technique 'was 
develped by Professor James. 
Mowbray, Professor of Immu- 
nology at St Mary’s, who had. 
pioneered work on kidney 

Professor Mowbray hopes to 
make his system cheaper and 
simpler so that it can be used 
in many more hospitals. At 
present the treatment- alone 
without the tests and inter- 
views costs about £300-£400 
per patient. 

He adds: “About 15,000, 
couples have this problem in 
Britain: we have seen 650 and 
treated 350. It is a drop in the 
ocean. It needs to be available 
in a lot of other places.” 

Warning on 
risks in jobs 

Men and women in many 
occupations risk infertility and 
other reproductive hazards 
because of their jobs and 
working conditions,' according 
to a report published yesterday 
(Our Science Correspondent 

Still births, miscarriages, 
congenital handicaps and child- 
hood cancers are potential 
dangers r e s pi ting from most 
modern workplaces, according 
to research sponsored by the 
Association of Scientific, Tech- ' 
nical and Manag erial Staffs 1 
and funded by the Equal 
Opportunities Commission. 

Women unknowingly face 
fertility hazards in the textile 
industry, ami both men and 
women are at risk if their work 
exposes them to dyes, solvents 
or weedttlcn, the report said. 

Norses handling - certain 
anti-cancer drugs nm an 
increased risk of bearing 
malformed chflUhen, and men 
in farming can become impo- 
tent _ through exp o su re to 

Four out of five fa rmwork ers 
on one Derbyshire farm inde- 
pendently appnrided doctors 
about their impotence, accord- 
ing to the research. They were 
cored after hormone treatment. 

The union and die com- 
mission said they hoped the 
report. Reproductive Hazards 
of Work, would motivate the 
Governm ent to take action. 

The ASTMS was “increas- 
ingly concerned about the 
occupational hazards to repro- 

BBC to set up inquiry 
on television violence 

The BBC is to commission an 
independent review of the level 
of violence on television, hut 
the corporation denied yester- 
day that the exercise was a 
response to recent government 
criticism of television stan- 

Mr Will Wyatt, chairman of a 
BBC committee which is re- 
examing the portrayal of viol- 
ence on television, said there 
was evidence that suggested a 
link between broadcast violence 

and street violence, but there 
was no caz^al relationship 
proved between the two.- 
Mr Wyatt's committee, which 
is composed of a number of 
senior BBC executives, will ask 
an outside to provide 

a detailed analysis 
“We want violent incidents 
to be noted and categorized to 
give a firm and objective basis 
for measuring whether or not, 
and in what ways, there is any 
change over a period of time." 


nvl r[W-#t: 


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I rahiitind ttotokWbaitoto m lHa Siliim iawffleJL 

31 JAN 1986 

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Z-Tlgkfhe einnuiif xiaa wwwrfltr 

□ £100 (mar) ^£75 D^SO ^£20 DflO 



, -c:- , ,. l _. , ,.. 



MPs united in 
praise of South 
Yemen rescuers 

Advice on hospital kitchens 

PM points 
to better 

Concern over interest rates 


British evacuees who themselves I THE ECONOMY 
helped to organize the evacuation of 

hundreds of other nationals and ^ GoVcrnTtsei „ did not 

MPs united in the Commons 10 pay behaviour ihroughoui. 
inbtife to the rescue mission carried _ 

out by the Roval Yacht Britannia Donald Anderson. an Oppo- 
and other naval vessels off the sll,on spokesman on foreign and 
South Yemen coast Commonwealth affairs, said the 

Who set an example of disciplined |n rale incrcase5 , but it had to 
behaviour throughout. M , 0 kfiep in fl al j on down and that 

The evacuation was the highest I rates. 

^ expressed her willingness for 

Geoffrey Britannia lo remain for as long as 
[• Foreign focre is real need of it in the 
airs, re- situation. 

12?® Sir Anthony Bock 

emained North. C) said it was refreshing w 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher, the Prime British people could be proud of fob 
Minister, took the lead, at the magnificent rescue. They rejoiced in 
request of Mr Michael Forsyth the fact that no British subjects had 
Stirling. C). during question time. £« n . »««««» of killed despite the 

I am sure {she said) the whole ferocity of the fighting. 

House would like to congratulate *h e evacuation was the highest 
lhe officers and men of the Royal R° mt •« British-Soviet co-operauon 
Yacht Britannia, and also those of J‘ ncc ^ic end of the Second World 
HMS Jupiter. HMS Newcastle and War and h « h °ped the spini would 
lhe Royal Fleet Auxiliary Bramble- flCl 35 a precedent 
leaf and the crisis unit at the He asked how long Britannia was 
Foreign Office which did such likely to stay off the South Yemen 
excellent work in indentifying the coast 

people who needed to be taken off Sir Geoffrey Howe: The Queen has 
from Aden. expressed her willingness for 

After questions Sir Geoffrey Britannia lo remain for as long as 
Howe. Secretary of State for Foreign |h cro is real need of it in the 
and Commonwealth Affairs, re- situation. 

ported that so far no British subjects . _ . /rnlchcster 

had been hurt. Bui he later said Sir Anthony Bodt jggicaijr 
about 40 Britons probably remained North. O said it was 
in widely scattered communities in 
South Yemen and he was working 
with other governments to find the 
best way of evacuating them. 

1 am now pleased to be able to 
idd (be said) that Britannia has this 
noming picked up a further 15 
British nationals from Little Aden. 

Britannia is maintaining close 
contact with the vessels of the other . 
nations involved and remains 
offshore nearby to take on board 
further parties of British and other 
foreign nationals as soon as 
conditions permit. 

He praised the calmness and 
efficiency of Mr Arthur Marshall, 
the British Ambassador in Aden, his 
staff and their families. Mr Marshall 

SCSfE. £. T3K3 £ H «v , .= Ev»c«»tionlmpo ! ,, bl« 
Britannia to the area where he without help Of others 
would remain with a member of his find the whole House united and the 
siaff while the cvacaiion continued, mission prov ed the usefulness of 
Another member of his staff was on Britannia. 

** David Owen, Leader of the SDP, 

I fie success of idc evacuation so _ ■ • . t » j f L. -i„_ 

far (he added ) would not have been .hl ?7 

Possible without the help given by a *° r s * 

number of government and. in 

,i._ „ would not lead to a cut in tne 

Djibouti, the USSR and France. number of surfaceships. 

This has been a remarkable M* John Blackburn (Dudley West, 
demonstration of what can be 0 asked for a tribute to be signalled 
achieved through dose international 10 Britannia. The British registered 
cooperation and I take this car 5° ship. Diamond Princess, had 
opportunity to thank them warmly been reported as saving 600 people 
for their assistance. ’ * n ,he l ® 51 - 4 hours. 

The embassy staff's example was Sir Geoffrey Howe said he would see 
matched bv the fortitude of the the tribute was sent. 

remained a top priority, Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher, the Prime 
Minister said during questions id 
the Commons. 

— ■ “Crown Notice” form of procedure the pan wash had been mocreo oy nofl||agi 

HEALTH should be initialed. ^wP shaif dearly consider Crown Mr Walter Harrison (Wakefield. 

■■■ ■■ Mf Michael Meactar, chief Oppo- we snau cw^? dj ^ foe new said if there «■* » .» 

Mr Norman Fowler, Secretary of procedure suggested in the report of prosecution 

^“SS SaS3ill£S zgpR&SS 

guidance given to health authorities 61,1 10 ? “**" were abolished and the allocated to the Yorkshire regional ^ COPMOOM question 

on steps to ensure proper food ®P^forjS| n ® im ** r Y .. - nnnribiliiY Ft ,ttg running of the hospitals so that they could deal confirming or denying 

hygiene in hospitals. Environmental f? n f , _ n0Q ? in , *° I^°^irh authority was at local with the problems. Jones Dewier U'nkfv 

& omcS P ^ .o i?™- Mr Fowfcr Mitf lhe report suied 

S, 10 Mr ' Fowler: S? 

not drawn on 

spy report 

ram * Mv.- 

tfSSSn^SSWBT* area health authority was s 
hralth officers were lo be e&cour- wfli he confirm that the health level. 

authority sought 10 minimise the Mr Fowler: Manage®^ 
true problem, even to foe extent of control and effective lead 
restarting admissions halfway which the public locally .tad 

S inw T „ «prt «s w P™™ 1 * 

nmhn-flir nf f<wi .t night of readrausion, three mart urae. 

mms ggfsse sagas* 

e Commons. ZgLJT of food Ti21 « 5Kof wSSSoi. tb*e more Urae. tad to coasi«r- the report ^*icb:fcUu»dihi ^ 

Markets this week had been sianl^ Rnvd patients died and admission bad 10 M r j>ck Ashley (Stoke-ott-Trenu Mr MeHyn Rees CLeet^, South and wcretrauied to cariy dm 

unsettled because of oil pri ce Stanley Royd Hospital. Wakefield, SoaiiubkTte&SSSy of Stare MOfrijv tab) ^ sfootageat 

movements, but the Bank of H ' id lh _. . w - ft was whitewash to say that . directW responsible for the deaths occurred m a Bupa hospit al, there Mrs Thatcher replied: We.da~~ 
England had maintained its dealing ^aaoJm the reShmendJlioas ^vemeSf® there of^Se people in. Wakefield, and ^ S^JSS^tSS^ 

sfs«rasS zszszs usr “ aSt"™*- sraflBsiffl&ss 

He said that he would take into J ^ 

foil account the recoramcndaiioiu there 

ST .nnngemena for the roa;n. : g* “BJ" 'Sl“o^ 5 S 

point in British-Soviet co-operation She was replying to Mr Neil of fof KS rf tad been previous salmoneta „ n vfocenobodyai this side Bupa patients wu goo 

since the end of the Second World KJnnock, Leader of the Opposition, 1 outbreaks there in 1974 and 1979 conv^ aoOQaY __. . . “ health service panents. 

WHHOCK, uauci ui uic UM 1 IU 5 IUUU, narSrMfce n..r InruM OUUTTCaxs U 1 CTC ID 17 /t 

who said the Government should hre^hal a district medical officer tad 

do everything to prevent a rise in ZgSL described tire kitchens as a^ “qilinary 

dwsiCT area” seven years before the 

He saia mis i natener must oe toe SPng^ SSfiofl tJ? SfrtU? 5 SSSffS 

high interest and exchange rates. ^ Fowler that he had hi S faesl source of food poisoning in 

Mrs I hatcher said British industry decided to establish an inquiry into 

had expeneneed an extremely good Uic future devetopmenl of the 1 , uS. S h, « 

year. fConservative dieera) There public health fimetion. including the SSf^vSlS infeStfS? SS 

interest rates because of tire 
additional burden that would 
impose on British industry. 

He said Mrs Thatcher must be die 
onlv person left to believe inflation 

had been record profits for a long 1 control of communicable d' v^ i w rs. 
time, record investment and i and the speciality of co mm unity 
excellent exports. 1 " - — - - - 

Mr Einnock said the Prime Minister 

tuuuoi Ui couuuumcaoie oiseaacs, iv ... 

and the specialiiy of community g* 1 "®?. foul smelUng gnds, bud 
medicine. The inquiry would be a 

Mr Einnock said the Prime Minister 1 broad and fundamental examin- d H. nn ? food preparation, the only 

kept making misleading claims. a tion or the role of public health 

Investment in manufrtclunng was | doctors including haw such a rote ^ nd - sp1tal porkers is 

could best be 

ding hoi 

abolish Crown immunity. 

Investment in manufacturing was 
1 8 per cem lower than six years ago. 

In the last year, manufacturing The inquiry would be chaired by Mr Fowler; There is do question of 
exports bad gone up over the six the Government's chief medical any complacency by the Govern- 
years by 13 per cent but manurac- officer. Dr Donald Acfaeson, and be menu or of any attempt to 
lured imports had 3 lso gone up by expected to receive its report the whitewash the seriousness of the 
45 percent. end -of ‘ the year. Details of outbreak. The House should 

Mrs Thatcher said Mr Kinnock had membership would be finalised concern -itself about what action 
run away from many industrial shortly. -In the -meantime, they should be taken to prevent such 

? — would lake every step possible to ira^c events occurring again. 

prevent a recurrence of these tragic The report made clear that all the 

run away from many industrial 
problems like restrictive practices, would 
Figures published on Monday proven 1 
showed tnat industrial production events, 
was 2 per cent up in the third Mr Fo 
quarter of 1985 compared with the large ! 

tragic events occurring again. 

prevent a recurrence of these tragic The report made clear that all the Cannot be pro sec uted. 


quarter or 1985 compared with the I large hospital in Wakefield for occurred because they wot ignored. J ™™* 11 -• prosecute 

previous quarter, manufacturing [ mentally ill and psycbogeriatric it was partly caused by the failure of authorities, ‘ 

output was I per cent up. Gross patients. In a major outbreak of supervisory grades to supervise and . . n . . 

j__ ... : -■ I -«i. Zm. -Cl -r 7Vf»- Fovlor I nvrer vorv much me 

Howe: Evacuation impossible 
without help of others 

events. rules and principles of good catering 

Mr Fowler said: Stanley Royd is a were known. The outbreak tad 
large hospital in Wakefield for occurred because they were ignored. 

convhice nobodyon Ota *dc *2u£S£SE? 

The Government is in foe dock taaUbsenace^ncnci «wdd presen t in cri^ww^S 

on this issue and the Government b Mr Fowten The case on < ^ ow ? P«tt why wi fiw£ exddS 
to blame because the CSovernment is immunity is mush swm»^wtan « in SepttitiSwS 

refusing to abolish Crown immua- comes w bospiob than ^ how rro s^d ^periy-protect ^ 

^ other area one can think ot. For that sensitive mstaBafions, w 

reaso^ we arc reviewing this area sir Anthony aakt ^-^- 

“Tagro that this is jelf-evidcmly a ^ 

serious question. 1 would not want oftta^Soriet 
to leave the House in any doubt mcw tn 

sttii" “ formrf of S%^SS&tr5 


after a television programme had Mrs-Tteftter. BravcDcfetiderwis 
exposed danger and filth in hospital **> ■eifitiire,a e 

kitchens throughout the country. AH could, defend all important, inn*j. 
the authorities on that programme lations, including Motexvmrth, : - 
indicated that a prime cause was a .^.1 ' jv, •- . 
lack of funds and Crown immunity. ■APflvJLl 0 Y0T 
Would the Government intro- ,» 1 r 

Harriion: Fowler should SZjSpSS “ <**• 

be prosecuted Mr Fowlar said he could give no Once . Sunday tradin^'camo - into 

ity. These health authorities air such promise. The Granada tele- effect." the Ponte' Minister ".should 
hiding behind Crown immunity and virion programme had led him to show the same suppbnTbr flexfife 
cannot be prosecuted. ask for urgent reports from the licensing laws and- . thus, brag 

The solution is to abolish Crown health authorities concerned. them into fine with Scotland and the 

immunity regardless of what this 1 have made it clear (he said] that Palace of Westminster, McMam* 
report says, and 10 prosecute whatever action is needed should be Fox (Shipley, Q said, y . " 
ncfllimeni authorities. ' taken without delay. Mis Thatcher reotietfc if he' width 

Harrison: Fowler should 
be prosecuted 

domestic product was at an all-time 

find the whole House united and the sir Peter Tapsell (Lindsey East, G: 
mission proved lhe usefulness of ^ j ( ngfu or sensible that men and 

Britannia. women running small businesses in or. comnoutea to. tne aauns 

Dr David Owen, Leader of the SDP. this country should have to pay of 19 patients. At the nme of the 
said it showed lhe value of the about (6 ner cent lo borrow monev outbreak and subsequently, a 

salmonella food poisoning which the failure of management to 
began on August 26 1984. 355 manage and check, 
patients and 106 members of staff He- would be asking the people 
were affected. Food poisoning criticized in the report, the 
caused, or contributed to. the deaths chairman of the authorities, to meet 

negligent authorities. ' takcn whhoui delay. Mn Thatcher repticxb ff he wuhts, 

Mr Fowler I regret very much the Evidence in the television we will of course grap coMpletiiHio 
tone of his m invention. The bysOIOt to fteuhte hcensSs faonra- 'in ^ 

^the health authonttes. court*. Tdo not thiirtr onto should do 

said it showed lhe value of the about 16 per cent lo borrow money 
Royal Navy and said he hoped the 7 when there are more than 3 million 
per cent cut in defence spending unemployed, and enormous unused 
would not lead to a cut in the resources? 

number of surface ships. 

Mrs Thatcher Interest rates are. to 

Mr John Blackburn (Dudley West, a considerable extent, partly the 
O asked for a tribute to be signalled commercial judgement of the banks 

of 1 9 patients. At the time of the him this week. independent report wmen p ims 

outbreak and subsequently, a He would consider with them case says that the abolition of 

number of allegations were made of what action should be taken and Crown immunity would not have 
errors in the control of infection, of that would cover individual re- tackled the fundamental causes m 
poor standards of hygiene in the sponsibility. this particular ease, 

hospital kitchen and of other It was said about three times in The report set out the mam 

shortcomings. the report that existence of Crown problems as human error cqro- 

Government is not refusing to . . 

abolish Crown immunity. It is Mr Frank Dobson, Opposition 
sensible to take regard of an spokesman on health, said foe 
independent report which jn this report said Crown i mmu ni t y led 10 
case says that the abolition of differences of approach by inspect- 
Crown immunity would not have rag officers. The whole source of this 

lo Britannia. The British registered 



cargo ship. Diamond Princess, tad Wcatherii!) rejected a request by Mr 
been reported as saving 600 people Roy Hattersley, chief Opposition 
in the last 24 hours. spokesman on treasury and ecan- 

Sir Geoffrey Howe said he would see oniic affairs, for an urgent debate on 
the tribute was scnL lhe rising level ofinterest rates. 

poor standards of hygiene in the 
hospital kitchen and of other 

The Government would continue 
the urgent review of Crown 
immunity for hospital kitchens 
including the suggestion that a 

this particular case. ainerence or attitude 

The report set out the main Mr Fowter. said the report showed it 

the report that existence of Crown problems as human, error com- was not inherent defects in. tire, 
immunity had made no difference, pounded by failures of supervision hospital that were responsible for 
The reason was not the physical and management. Whatever we do the outbreak. The report said rules 
condition of the kitchens but the. on Crown immunity we must also and principles of ‘good catering 

Ministers stay clear of pay bargaining 

overtime, bonuses and similar 

WAGE COSTS factors. 

■■ ■ ■■ — Mr John Maples (Lewisham West, 

It was nol for the Government to O In the present dreumstanew 
intervene in the pay bargaining both of these figures are too high. It 
between employers and employees, « vital that individual businesses do 
Mr Alan Clark. Under Secretary or not give pay awards w htch incase 
State for Employment said during real unit costs. We should take -a 
question time in reply to Conserve- lesson from the United States 

H.. MP, - to a., -gt Mr Clart , MnM Ihla) . „ 

settlements were too high. . gppropriate for „ minister to say any 

wage Increase is too high as an 

Scottish move 
, . . on traffickers 

y il$lr0$tlT)lTH7 Mr Malcolm Rifkind, Secretary of 

Stale for Scotland, has ordered the 
_ preparation of legislation suitable 

Mr Dennis Skinner (BolsoTer, Labk for Scotland relating to the 
One of the reasons the increase was forfeiture of proceeds of drug 
about 7.7 per cent is because the trafficking 

Government gave a green light to Announcing this in a Commons 
those at the top end of the salary written reply, he explained how 
scale some time last year when they distinctive features of the legal 

procedures being used. For instance, tackle that problem as well because practices were not followed- 

Waite’s role 
attacked as 

Minister points out that 
a job is a job 


awarded a 19 per cent increase to 
those top salaried people. As a result 

Mr Kenneth Carlisle (Lincoln, Q: 
There were 1.800,000 self-employed 
in 1979 and there are now 
2.500,000. If each of these self-em- 
ployed people' creates a good 
business, they can employ more 
people. It is a major area of 

system meant it would not be 
possible to extend the ■ Drag 


average weekly earnings in the year abstract concept. It is not for 
to November l"985 was 75 per cent, governments to intervene in the 
he said. This should not be cooftsed bargaining between employers and 
with the average increase of pay employees; nonetheless he fa right to 
settlements which would be lower as draw attention to die question ot unit 
foe figure for earnings included costs and productivity 

of that executives managed to roU ta Trafficking Offences Bill 16 Scot- 
17 per cent during 1985. The trouble However, he intended at lhe 

is that those at the hoRom end hare earliest opportunity to introduce 
been hammered by this Government equivalent legislation 
Mr Clark: The top salaries review Meanwhile provision would be 
body is a completely independent made in the Home Office Bill — 
body. He is somewhat confused in before the Commons that day - to 
his arithmetic. The recipients of enable orders of the courts in 
these awards wore' so lew in number 
they could not possible affect the 
statistical average of earnings. 

A job fa a job, Mr Alan Clark, ployed people' on 
Under Secretary of State for business, they can 
Employment, replied when accused people. It is a 0 
during Commons questions of employment growth, 
felling to distinguish between men's . ’ _ - ... - 

full-time ■ and part-time employ- • Mr Clark: He u.righL Do ubtles s, for 
mem. In June. 1979, there were that reason .Mr U 
18,768,000 male employees and tiiai category which 
-full-lime female employees in employed from ttt to 
employment,; he said. -The corrc- ^ Rfchanl Wain 
spending estimates for 1983 and yallev » y w 0 uld 

1985 were 1.6,626,000 and HBdhi praSkS 
16,490,000 respectively. SSTfoSL rfneat 

The rote of Mr Terry Waite as 
special envoy to the Archbishop of 
Canterbury was criticized ft 1 the 

House of Lords daring question time Mr Band SteeL Leader, of ,lta 
when Lord Paget of Northampton Liberal Party, reminded life Bine 
CL ^ ,) T - "5* Minister ofher pledge to ibofiduhc 

made the task of dealing with domestic rating system '. tnS^ter 
terrorists more di ffi cult. • . recognition of the fect-tinfe^W 

Lord Gte&arthnr, Under Secretary unacceptable. • 
of State, Home Office, replying to a ' 'Why in the mean tioe^dalj 
question on the stance of foe 2 s she loading extra expeuftthtea tew w igin, said; The- 10 .-lhe. broken down 
handling of- terrorist inddcBta wHl particularly onto ttaTratepa&afa 
often Involve a process of- nego- the counties? • . 

misleading practice In preparing tiafom, mally conducted by tralwd Mrs Thatcher replied: The -nitt 
these figures of treating men's part- P™** •™ cer *» °™ f i tn b ring t he support grant settlement for. upa 
time jobs as the lull equivalent of “f“ en ? . M * omansion year does involve a modest shift^n 

men’s lull-time jobs? Is there any wtth mmimnm ri»Jt to any hostages grant from the shires to London ted 
reason why the v House . should. fcMtto a rrest offenders. " foe other metropolitan area* wbki. 

The arrangements for handling unfortunately.- does Came <2* 
such mchtete are costly coordl- armfon to the shire counties.: 
utea betwecai paace md |OWh Hc knows 7 am xk) advocate of 2 tif 

iWNPAt w iilAm tariff vliaf St uitnr-wp 


XS ^^H^OffireTrepiy^toi 

that, categ ory w hich excludes self- <lie «ion on foe stance ot foe 
employed from us MtaL GcTtnuneat On xerrorW said: The 

Mr Richard Wainwright (Colne «*" 

Valley, L): Would he stop the 
misleading practice In preparing 

England mid Wales made under the I Mr Ronahl Leighton (Newham 

Bill to be enforceable in Scotland 
through the Scottish courts. 

North East, Lab) said the figures 
revealed the destruction . of 

men’s foB-time jobs? fa there any 
reason why the % House . should 

- .. if'- "': T J ’ c. 

2,500,000. full-time jobs since .1979 ' continue to be misljd by this failure 

and 250,000 full-time jobs even in . to distinguish? . ? ■ 

foepast few years. Mr Clark: A iob . fa a fob. I am 

■ -W 

i i- ■- 1 

i-r.fe'iF 15 

I ... I •• 

I h 

#• 1 


df * 1 

Each year the National Children’s Home 

roduce a factfile on the state of the country’s 

children. It is called ‘Children Today* and the latest 
edition has just been published. 

It puts into focus the social setting in which our 

children are now growing up. It gives the raw 
statistics of crime, poverty, abuse, addiction and 
unemployment as they relate to young people. 
‘Children Today’ is not a happy piece of 

reading. For it tells you why and to what 

extent our children are in danger. 

This is the latest phase in NCH s ‘Children 
in Danger' campaign. We launched the 
campaign last September to alert the conscience 
of the nation. Every week, the newspaper 
headlines justify our action. Now the 
‘Children Today’ factfile gives you the 

dimension of the problems 


! / S j-C fli 
‘^vt: ^ 

I’ / C f. W 

J *- r . ’■ I '■ 

mejmsucw years. __ f - Mr Clark: A job .fa a job. I am 
The only groora m recent times surpr jsed to find Mr 
(he went on) nas been m tne M does for the. party be Norfoampton: While hope to bring out proposals m a 

secondary labour market orremaJe represents, adhering to that rigorous congr a t n M miy the Government on green paper before the. end of- the 
part-time labour, with no employ- Stakhanovite doctrine that male **“«■ policy, partteofauiy foe hand- month to change it. ' 

ment protection, _ low pay, no employee* should be fully woridng 1Sn B 01 tire recent case of the ™ „ . - J ‘ 

holiday pay, no nek pay and do ^ ^ 0 ^ umt. gentleman who escaped handcuffed 1&1KS OQ UOIOfl law 

pension nghte, au accompanied by M , XilBnA , Y „/c wnh c 1 . ffi j k to a bedstead, which acems to have _ _. ... ... ,;„ tin 

foe continued relentless destruction ™ heen admirably handled, fa it not ^ Prirae was invtefo 

of full-time jobs. Would to the jmjforation ^rewtat moredifQcnlt by deny a report in foe Lonb* 

Mr Clark: That fa exactly what these SSSfnS^ScJk « mateHr competiST SuSLrlJ Standard foat foeGovcramrat^ 

figures do not reveaL He tas chosen ggjjf work is u. same way ^ h comes with the alleged 

to use foe arcane definition of . . , eudoraement of foe established {5**^ EvXm fot Hefcni 

— T — * - J ’ thurch? North. Lab) said, would cause 

Wp learn that Mr Waite has been ■*“* dismay among trade ‘uniw 
most graciously received but he is m £* nI >«s- \ : .? 

negodating with - assassins- In the Mrs Thatcher saictr I saw foe anjti 

employees in employment Had he 
chosen to use the employed labour 

J n practice, it provides welcome 
l satisfying opportunities, makes' 

force, foe usual category by which an important contribution to the 
these figures are judged, he would economy as a whole and is often 
have seen that the number of jobs much welctimed by employees^ • /• 
has increased by 709,000 since 1983 Mr Chirlc He fa right. The majority 
and the total loss since 1979 has of people who work part-time do so 
been just over a million. from choice and not from pressure. 

Danger cam paig n, to help our vital work 
with these children? 

Send for a copy today. | 
Or telephone: (01 ) 200 0200. 


A ninety minute debate on Welsh 
rate support grants ended early 
today (Tuesday) in a 113 vote 
victory in -the Commons for the 
Government after Mr Dafydd 
Wigtey (Caernafon, PI Cymru) was 
suspended from the House for five 
days for defying the ruling of the 
Chair. Mr Wigley was protesting 
that neither he nor any other MP 
from the' northern Welsh county of 
Gwynedd had been called to speak. 

When foe closing speeches were 
due- to begin, Mr Wigtey protested 
that he had not . been called, saying 
that it was'not acceptable. He asked 
Mr Ernest Armstrong. Deputy 
Speaker, to send, for ihe.Speaker, Mr 
Bernard Wea the rill, to give his 
ruling on .whether he should be 
called to Speak. 

Mr Armstrong declined and asked 
Mr Wigley to resume his seat, but 
Mr Wigley refused saying: X have no 
confidence in anyone in the Chair 
who does this. 

Mr Armstrong again asked Mr 
Wigley to resume his seat but he 

made somewhat more difficult by < T ny , a . . P° . “ 
amateur competition, particularly Standard that foe^GoveniTOaitwB 
when, it comes with the alleged ^ 

endorsement oT the established report. Mi- Jota Ev*iw (St 
church? North. Lab) said, would'causc mm 

Wp leant that Mr Waite has been dismay among trade ‘unfoo 
most graciously received but he fa m £* nb «s- : ? 

negotiating with assassins. In the Mrs Thatcher saidr I saw foe anjti 
very week Mr Write tells us that and anticipated ‘ foe' question. "TJn- 
Colonel Gadaffi fa's deeply religions . Government has doac more tba. 
man, he is voted England's second "any ofoet to ensure, union bossesw 
most popular man. • accountable .to. their memho 

There are. further steps which cant 
taken. We have iibt-yet reached tf 
decision and. before- doing so, » 
will be consulting furtbert . ‘ T i 

did not do’sp. AJ tins Afr Annstroog arategylTbridg local aufoority into Thames tUIUiel plea : • - 

Ife G °vcroment plans and The Prirae Mimstef’should give the 

protwt, which would be noUxL He provide oouncifa with foe certainty same impetus and -.uraeocr ;to 

» nw S« e their affairs building atonnel undtJfoeRiTff 
effi T«^ y *" d ?®tatively. Thames at Dartfoid foal sta ted 

call him al that moment.; Total expenditure, aggregate given to building a turineJ underftc 

Mr Raymond PowelHOgmore, Lab) exchequer grant and bkx* grant had- English ChaimeL -Mr Gwqp 
said be wanted to be bdpfiiL It was all been increased in excess of foe Gardiner (Reteate, Ci said. ' = « 

not foe fault of foe Ctair bux of foe foreem mflanon rate projected by It would remove -an atrocijte 
Secretary of State, who had taken 26 any of foe mam forecasters. To any bottleneck on foe M2 5 and tfa«e 
of foe 90 minutes. : tair-rrunded appraisal, it repnfaenteci was private risk capital.availabte fcr 

Mr Wigley Mid this was the second ® realistic and balanced -settlement this venture, too. - - ■- v . 

time such a thing bad happened. . tajfag. ^ Mrs Thatcher repliedM-.take note'of 

Mr AnnstriMg warned- that if Mr Swevin?m2? t «i3ES5!l what 1 have 'OCCasitfe'N 

Wigley perristed he mure face the S \Sr£ WtaSawSds^SS know ^ - -«eU “d 1 

consoquences.- . . ^Wfoey 3 £fdS£SSS 2 particularly note he believes privfte 

Mr Wltrtoi rz ! am afraid I do ocrsisl snoviiQ Scex lo absorb mniroi mniru K#Miv«ilah]f.' 

afaid I do persist . ^ ?° * 

bea^fois/stherecondtimeittas Mr Bmry jS^SeK^Stion 

StoSStroug: I am sorey but I jjjj— . « J “id ' foe 
mure name Mr Wigley. . *>» 

must name i«u rr isicjr. -jx. _ : . 

Mr John Biffeu, Leader of the Sirin? ^ • WSS , birte T 

House, then moved that Mr Wigley ^ 

be suspended from foe service csfthe leaders. 

House, and although one or two ig7 g tV iJ* . i.-; 

Labour MPs shouted ‘'No'* initially, * feilure by 

tiw motion was carried without a demand* of 

division and Mr Wigley left at once. ,oc ^ 

The inddeat cut the dosing ^rvi^^ Secremiy 

speeches to a few minutes each. “ 

Moving foe Welsh rate support 8 Y stein Md amoved its 

grant oi*r. Mr Nkholw Edwards. 

Secretary of State for Wales, said it ._°Tt ? , _ w * 5 carried by 280 

' J® V“W “Penditure down , to 
1979 levds wax a n,n,,n> u 

refused. The Deputy Speaker asked Secretary of State for Wales, said it * ™ «™^r was earned by 280 
him to leave foe Chamber but he marked an important stage m the 10 '-Government majority, 


r - Compromise does not find favour 

IrtgSgSA 1 !' ~ ' ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ « ioin,.- film i, ^ * 

I CHOPS BILL experience, would mean (he small . exiremcfyserious. Bnti foe 

1 85 Highbury Park, i oHUrb DILL i shops' opening until lunchtime,- people had a genius for imi 

j London N5 1UD. j ■ ■■ ■■■ because the lante . stores were and -the ITnmflMiMf 

Please send me a FREE copy of the new edition of 
'Children Today', i enclose an immediate donation 
Of £ to help you in your work. 

Vtscourn Tonypandy. PC. 






A compromise amendment to ' foe 
Shops Bill aimed at retaining the 
special character of Sunday by 
allowing unrestricted trading until 1 
pm, but only the sale of essential 

lhe amendment, going, from in England and Wales that was 
experience, would mean the small . extremely serious. But foe British 
shops opening until lunchtime,- people had a genius for compromise 
because the large .storw were and the amendment provided foe 
iS!5 reSie ^ 0 . Dly aftcrno ? n *dcaljirdine for foe Government to 

trade. That would mean the avoifffurther bitter oontrovenT 
essential character of the day would ... • 

largely be preserved: Lord Campbell tfAUoway .(C) said 

Lord Denning, former Master of the HL*ESZL£ 

goods and services fbr the rest of the «me P^- 

day, was rejected in the House ^ nearest to a sensible compromise **** 

sector capital would beayailable.;- 

Bradford fire * . • ' ■{>- 

No promise -had.- Bden: made » 
finance foe rebuilding of Bradfo^ 
City Football Club’s Valley Para* 
Ground. Mrs Thatcher said in rcptT 
to foe constituency MP, Mr M** 
Madden (Bradfbtel- Were,. Lab), faf 
the Government .was corendrpo? 
whether money should be gi v ett ® 
foe club- in foe exception * 1 
circumsiancesL T . . 

MP’s Interest ])"■)■ 

Labour MPs complained ' to rt* 
Speaker (Mr Bernard WeatheriHM® 
foe Commoos that Mr MicWp 
M arshall (Arundel, Q, a parlianitf' 
lary advisor to British AerospB* 
was , a_ member- of .the - Sde 61 
Committee investigating the .Wts- 
tiand affair. The- Speaker repeated 
told them that it was not a 
for him but for the w®-* 
Committee on Members' IntenaBr 

Retirement age • 

Mrs j Ann , QnpL (Gynpn._Xa^; 
Lab) was given leave-to'bring-iO ^ 
Protection of Minimum RctitePN 01 

KiSS ^taen^dedduringsecTd 


85 Highbury Park, London N5 1 UD 


. . .. mai couta oe semevea oetween me n-aHir>^ 

majority -59- two camps on either side of the t^T T . 

Lord Jacques (Lab) proposing the argument. rJZ*Z «“■ . the 

amendment during the resumed L»d Sdasbmy (SDP) said he cotdd. y W^S^SS- 110 ' 

committee stage, said the deosusn not support the amendment because should be accents hi* 

on what goods and services were of fo c difficulty of defining which moroSrabuStS! JfeSkiL 

essential wouW be ok for foe were essential goods and settees. SSdhLSv^ S 

Secretary of Slate to decide and Lonl Boydkfarpenter (Q said the attend fH mvk - ■ t. aatw . peo ^ e *° 

subject to affirmative resolution of Bill w^d^^^dcar away foe 

both Houses. problems of restrictions to Sunday centres V uimgs so garden 

Such a task should not be too 
difficult as every other European 
country operating: restricted Sunday 
trading tad produced such a list. 

problems of restrictions to Sunday centres «««*» w garuen 

trading but the amendment ran It would be an almost imiuwcihu 
contrary to that aim. ; . mJc 

had produced a cleavage of opinion werccsscntiaL ano. iemces 

sue saia zne purpose or me 
to make tbetaFt 
of age HlegaL The Billwas read u* 
first time • 

Parliament today; 

Commons (2.30);' Local Opy^ 0 " 
uittit Bill, remaining stages. Me®®® 
oF Scottish rate support granEotti* 
l^wds (2.30): Debates on priiiWc^: 
«*tog schools; rmtjnopofic*,^” 
mer^iv poficytand: on ^feleiart * 6 

of the health authorities. coirrse-Ido not thin tone foouk! do 

Mr Frank Dobson. Opposition anything to riiggcst flexible licensing 
spokesman on health, said the laws are equal dr in any ^ way tbt 
report said Crown immunity led to same as those in foe Balgce of 
differences of approach by inspect- Westminster.: • : •. i.' 
fog officers. The whole source of this Mr Donald Stewart (Western fate, 
problem was contained in that Shff)? Dow she foteud to ignore 
difference Of attitude n»n of comsnxidencfi the 

mass of correspondence foe hu 
received against the. Sahdfytou&m 
Bill? Will she at least refrain from 
.{Hitting a three-line- whip on i 
mattri of conscience?’ . 

Mrs Thatcher: He comes from j 
part of the country where there is no 
limitation on Sunday tnktihguKl he 
wishes, nevertheless, tp Stop those 
south of the border fraacharinithe 
same privilege. i.'-’:*", 

-We do not dfacutrVftfofypjig 
matters in this House. 

Reminder ^ 

o any Hostages grant from the shires to London abd 
foe other tneiropditan areas tridfo 
• Ior ,.~ 5 ~z 5 ? unfortunately,- does : cause, rfis- 
cosefy eoortD- comfort to foe shire count i es. - 
e anfi govenr- He knows I am no advocate aftiif 

present system and foal fa why-* 
Mnpton: While hope to bring out proposals in » 
fenariuuent oa green paper before the end of- fee 
■rly the hand- month to change it. ' 

the times Wednesday januaky 22 im 



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n? tiw^' 

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'■' ,;= 2 fc. 

’ ‘ •’ rial 
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' s ■■■•■ KB- 
- ■' »*r!25. 

Reminder ob 
rjTcs pledge 

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— «I3» 

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■ r.a;> 

Wakefield food poisoning inqiiiry 




ByHIdiolas Timmins, Sociaf Services Correspondent 

of the 

»ley Royd The inquiry committee was 
in Wake- chaired by Mr John HuriiL QC, “ 
ients d{«ii with P r ofessor Ra<»tm<io Rnr. seems to ns to 

Department of Health learnt of 

field* where 19 patients died with Professor RosaHn& Hur? 

staff became ill in an outbreak 
of flood poisoning in 1984, r»i~» 
yesterday from the committee 
of inqjnrymto the outbreak. 

Senior admincstrators, doc- 
torn, muses and catering staff 
and mana ge rs are criticized for 
actions Wore, during or after 

the outbreak, thought to be the 
must case of hospital food 
poisoning this century. 

The report says 1 it fs>qn fte 
incredible** that apart from 
expressing sympathy, the 
Yorkshire Regional Health' 
Authority has not discussed the 
outbreak, its- causes or' action' 
pi aimed and that the fail ore of 
tbC regional medical officer to 
▼fait the hospital waa “a 
negation of one of Us prime 

However, junior doctors at 
the ‘TOkkensiui” 830-bed 
mental ' Illness hospital, and 
nursing staff on the wards. are 
highly praised. Their efforts 
are described as remarkable in 
conditions that were at times 
atrocious- On some- wards, up 
to 80 per cent of the patients, 
were., unable to follow the. 
simp list instructions on per- 
sonal hygiene. 

The inquiry found that 
previous outbreaks of food 
poisoning at the hospital 
included one involving -nine 
patients and one death in 1974, 
and one involving 33 patients in 

In 1982, ward staff refused to 
serve patients with a meal of 
mince which was later found to 
fwitam “alarming** levels of 
food poisoning bacteria. The 
report says that “with grim 
prescience” the kitchen super- 
intendent recorded that “next* 

be most 

unfortunate that the available 

and more than 460 patients and ley.' Professor of Microbiology ™ f ? rt,n, * te '*■* * 

“ * at the Institute of Obstetriraand "f*?*^**™ not sought and 

GvnaemlocvrnTrtnd™. anr i mv that the oners of 

— — — - — — — ^ OUU 

Gynaecology in London and Mr- , 

Patrick Salmon, chairman nf ttcct ^ tcd i 

.South. .West -Surrey . H«ihh 5 *^- 
Authority as members. - ™ 

“ - cannot be Identified with 

the report 

source of the outbreak 

The Report of the Committee . ^ 

. Of Inquiry into an Outbreak oj certainty, it says. The 

Food Poisoning at Stanley Royd ™Wt. Mk® 1 ” — 

Hospital; (Command 9716; “*7“ ®" 

Stationery Office (£8.80) vmuu 

time we may nut he so tocky”. 

. Plans to rebuild the kit- 
originally at a cost -of 
£155,000, were put together in 
1978. But she years later they 
had not been put Into effect 
Since the outbreak, £76,000 
has been spent on the Wfe tow 
and a new £645,000 kitchen 
has been approved. 

Dmmg the outbreak, which 
.started on -the. August Bank 
Holiday weekend, senior doc- 
tors and nurse managers foiled 
to visit the wards to . check rt>*» 
junior doctors and nurses were 
c oping. No outside expert 
assistance was . sought by 
anyone concerned with the 
outbreak for 11 days after It 

When help was offered, by 
speci a li st physicians - in infec- 
tions diseases, by the Public 
Health Laboratory . Service 
directors, and 1 by the Communi- 
cable Diseases Surveillance 
Centre, it was rejected. Offers 
of extra musing help from 
outside the hospital were 
rejected although the hospital 
was understaffed. 

. The hospital took 27 hours 
to call in the local environ- 
mental health officer, who 
arrived within 40 minutes, and 
two and a half weeks to notify 
formally the Chief Medical 
Officer of the outbreak. The 

likely source was beef 
the Saturday after- 
noon, with the outbreak start- 
ing on the Sunday morning. 

. The way the meal was 
prepared with the meat cooked 
a day in .advance gave “ample 
opportunity” .for it to be 
contaminated- with ^iwoi F flla 

from uncooked eMtha^ that 
were also in the kitchens and 
were defrosted on a food 
preparation surface. 

The most likely route was 
through a knife used on the - 
chickens, or by somebody’s 
hand, , with die beef stored, in 
hot weather, in conditfoos 
“which could not have been 
improved upon foam the point 
of view of allowing bacteria to 
grow and multiply”. 

The wide spread of the 
■contamination was ensured by 
use of a meat slicer that was 
not properly deaned. 

The report is highly critical 
of conditions in Stanley 
Royd k it chens, but more so of 
staff practices and the super- 
vision ami management of the 
kitchen staff. “Poor conditions 
in the kitchen area will not of 
themselves cause an outbreak 
of food poisoning,” the report 

Staff practices however were 
“unhygienic, nn usual un- 
satisfactory”. The outbreak 
occurred became those con- 
cerned ‘Ignored” the well- 
known rules and principles of 
good catering practice. 

‘no answer 
to dirty 

The abolition of hospitals’ 
crown immunity to prosecution 
for breaches of food hygiene 
. regulations . “would ' . appear 
unnecessary” the committee of 
inquiry says, (Our Social 
Services Correspondent writes). 
Compliance with the regu- 
lations rather than pushishment 
should be the objective, it says. 

Conditions at Stanley Royd 
hospital “at no time would have 
justified a prosecution”, 

Wakefield Health” Authority 
would have responded to calls 
to improve the kitchens “bad 
they been told that they must or 
should effect changes immedita- 
tely”, the committee believes. 

It says “We believe that, if 
the reports had been in a 
stronger terms, the kitchen 
would have been improved at 
an earlier date_.” 

The committee recommends 
steps to ensure such reports are 
acted on in future (see rec- 

But it says, “We find it 
impossible to recommend any 
change in the law on the vexed 
question of crown immunity 
where the entirety of- the 
evidence given to us by the 
professional EH Os was to the 
effect that the sanctions of the 
criminal law would not have 
been employed, .at Stanley 
Boyd, even if they had been 

The inquiry opposes the 
creation of a new national 
inspectorate. It says “If proper 
hygiene standards cannot be 
maintained by a competent and 
trained staff under a catering 
manager, supervising daily, 
monitored regularly by a district 
catering adviser overseen by a 
regional catering adviser and 
inspected twice a year by a 
medical adviser who is nomi- 
nated for his expertise in this 
task, and one a year by 
envioramental health officers, 
then we do not think that they 
ever will be maintained.” 

Tighter hygiene rules recommended 

Controversially, the com- 
mittee of inquiry does not 
recommend an end to hospitals’ 
crown mum mify to prosecution 
of the food hygiene regulations, 
saying that “compliance rather 
than punishment should be the 
objective” (Nicholas Timmins 

But its key recommendations 

Twice yearly visits by local 
catering, works and medical 
to all kitchens and 

food . handling areas, at 
least annual inspections by 
local e n v ironm ental health 
officers. . 

All visits should be unan- 
nounced. Where, in other 
premises, a warning, pros- 
ecution or dosnre would follow, 
formal notices should be Issued 
to amt and district managers 
setting ont the. period in which 
" improvements should be made. 

If managers foil to comply. 

the notice should go to the 
reghmaT general manager. 

All districts should have a 
“major outbreak” plan to deal 
with future big oat breaks of 
food poisoning or communi- 
cable disease. 

There should be a legal 
obligation to seek expert 
assistance from the local public 
health laboratory and to inform 
-the Communicable Diseases 
Surveillance Centro in any 
outbreak involving more than 

20 cases in 24 boms. Specialist 
advice should be sought “at the 
earliest moment”. 

Authorities must recognize 
that “the kitchen of a hospital 
is a high risk area”. Failure by 
staff to observe food hygiene 
codes should be a disciplinary 
offence, as should failure by 
catering managers and super- 
visors to ensure compliance. 

There most be proper train- 
ing, retraining and constant 
supervision of staff 

The electronic car compass, which gives road-by-road 
directions to a destination (Photograph: Harry Kerr). 

Car direction finder 
shows drivers the way 

The world's Press went to a 
remote Hampshire manor yes- 
terday for the first public 
demonstration of a remarkable 
new British electronic navi- 
gation system for cars which 
dispenses with maps (Clifford 
Webb, Motoring Correspon- 
dent, writes). 

Called Pace (Plessey 
Adaptive Compass Equip- 
ment), its development was 
disclosed in The Times last 
Thursday. Since then, the 
company has been over- 
whelmed by requests for 
Information, and it responded 
by organizing the demonstralon 
at Roke Manor, Plessey's 
security-conscious research 
centre at Romsey, Hampshire. 

I queued along with col- 
leagues for one and a half horns 

to take a brief spin at the wheel 
of a Ford Granada equipped 
with the device. 

The grid reference of Roke 
Manor and our destination was 
fed into the equipment and we 
were off. From then on it was 
only a matter of following the 
directions given on a small 
digital display unit. “Torn left 
in 100 yards” and so on. 

Plessey says it will cost 
about £500 and has many 
appositions for counter terror- 
ist and defence work in addition 
to guiding the motorist 

In spite of the shortcomings 
of its temporary installation I 
saw sufficient of Pace's poten- 
tial yesterday to say that ft Is 
one of the most exciting new 
arrivals on the motoring scene 
for a long time. 

Unionists risk split 
on threat to pull 
out of Westminster 

From Richard 

The leaders of Northern 
Ireland’s Unionists parties 
threatened yesterday that IS 
loyalist MPs might withdraw 
from Westminster if the govern- 
ment continues to implement 
the Anglo-Irish agreement. 

With overwhelming support 
for their “Ulster says No" 
campaign assured in tomor- 
row's by-elections, the leader- 
ship of the Official Unionist 
and Democratic panics arc 
refusing to discuss the strategy 
they will follow in the months 

Despite of repealed question- 
ing at their final joint press 
conference in Belfast the two 
party leaders would not say 
what their tactics would be, but 
insisted that they did have a 
strategu to wreck the agreement. 

It is likely that within a few 
weeks the Unionist parties will 
start organizing the withdrawal 
from boards running education 
and health, and the refusal of 
Unionist-controlled district 
councils to set a rate by the 
deadline of February 15. 

However any attempt to 
enforce abstention from West- 
minster, which has previously 
been a republican tactic, risks 
opening divisions between the 
two parties. 

The DUP led by the Rev lan 
Paisley is prepared to withdraw 
its three MPs from Westmins- 
ter. but there is considerable 
opposition to such a move 
within the Official Unionist 
parliamentary party. 

Mr Enoch Powell is insisting 
that he is not a “Sinn Feiner" 

Ford, Belfast 

and that Parliament is where 
the fight against the deal should 
take place. 

When he was asked about 
abstention from Westminster, 
Mr Paisley increased the press- 
ure on Mr James Molyneaux by 
saying: “Mr Molyneaux has 
made it dear. Dp you think we 
would take part in a charade? If 
this agreement takes root, to 
attend Westminster would be 
giving credence to a charade. If 
the Government goes on with 
this agreement there is no place 
for self-respecting MPs at 

Sitting alongside him in the 
headquarters of the Official 
Unionist Party Mr Molyneaux 
was more circumspect. He said 
that if the Government con- 
tinued to implement the deal in 
all its forms it would to a great 
extent render MPs from all 
parties in the north redundant. 

Mr Paisley ridiculed the 
efforts of the Northern Ireland 
Consensus Group which spon- 
sored the letter. 

The signatures on it included 
those of Lady Faulkner of 
Downpatrick, widow of the last 
Prime Minister of Northern 
Ireland; , Sir John Swinson. 
chairman of the Northern 
Ireland Tourist Board; Pro- 
fessor Desmond Rea; Mr Paddy 
Devlin, the trades unionist and 
ex-minister in the power-shar- 
ing executive, and the owners of 
one of Belfast's leading depart- 
ment stores. 

Danger signals, page 16 

El A1 lifts 
flights ban 

From Peter Davenport 

A compromise agreement 
between the Department of 
Transport and El Al, the Israeli 
airline, brought an end yester- 
day to the dispute that has led 
to the suspension of the 
company's flights out of Man- 
chester airport. 

The airline had halted its 
operations in protest at pro- 
posed new security measures 
after terrorist attacks at Rome 
and Vienna airports. 

Yesterday, however. Mr 
Michael Spicer. Minister for 
Aviation, announced while 
visiting Manchester airport that 
negotiations with a delegation 
of security officials from El Al 
had produced an agreement. 

‘Little hope’ 
for poorer 

Unemployed families with 
children will be almost no better 
off under the Government's 
social security reforms now 
before Parliament, the Policy 
Studies Institute said yesterday 
This group, which is worst ofl 
under the present system, needs 
£16.75 a week more to put it on 
a pan with other claiments. 

Many sick and disabled 
people will receive a generous 
increase in income, the institute 
says. But less than half of those 
in need will qualify 

The analysis of the Govern- 
ment's plans comes just before 
Mr Norman Fowler, Secretary 
of State for Soria! Services, 
appears before the House ol 
Common select committee on 
social services. 


When the RN . Historic; Flight 
decided to fly the faithful Hawker Sea Fury 
again, they turned to Shell Lubricants for help. 

Our specialist lubricant, Aeroshell 100 U, 
which had lubriccitied-the Sea 
Fury's engines 


throughout its sterling Navy service, had been 
discontinued when these piston engined fighters were 
finally phased out. 

All was not lost. At Shell Lubricants we decided to do the 
honourable thing by reformulating and producing Aeroshell 100 U 
again. In fact, we produced enough of this 'elixir of life' to keep the 
Flight's two Sea Furies 'operational' for the rest of their flying lives. 

So, as you can see, it doesn't matter to us at Shell Lubricants how 
old the application may be, we're able and willing to offer expert 
help and advice, on any aspect of lubrication. 

That's why we have set up our new contact service, so that with 
just a phone call we can arrange all the expert help and advice you 
could possibly want. You can get a price, place an order, arrange 
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Hie first of the i 
and the last of the 


In the year 1800, a US presidential candi- 
date named Thomas Jefferson explained to 
Chief Little Turtle and his warriors that fc6 the 
Great Spirit had made a gift to the white man in 
showing them how to preserve themselves from 
the smallpox.” 

And so, during a visit to Washington D.C., 
the last of the Mohicans were duly inoculated 
against the disease which had been responsible 
for wiping out more Indian tribes than the white 
men themselves. 

The vaccine used owed much || 
of its origins to a Dorset farmer 
by the name of Benjamin Jesty. 

He knew of the folk belief that §| 
an attack of cowpox gave protec 
lion from smallpox and, in 1774 
he saw the proof of this during a || 
severe outbreak of the disease in 
his local village. 

Two of his milkmaids had ff 
caught cowpox on their hands by % 
milking cows with infected udders || 
and had nursed their families 
through smallpox without catching 
the dreaded disease themselves. 

Jesty had already had cow- f§ 
pox. but his wife and their two 
children had not. Concerned for 
their safety; he scratched their jf 
forearms with a “stocking needle’ % 
and inserted the cowpox virus from |f 
the sores on the infected cows’ 
udders. Although the Jesty family 
were not immune hem the result- 
ing scandal of this ‘experiment’ 
they never caught smallpox. 

But the real breakthrough 
came some twenty years later in 
1796 when Edward Jenner, an 
English country doctor, made the p 
first scientific approach to the |§ 
subject of immunisation. 

His experiments proved the 
value of cowpox inoculation and p ^ 


the potential of artificial transmis- 
sion. Not from cow to human, but 
from human to human, producing If * 
only a small sore at the site of in- 
oculation and very little evidence of disease. 

The now familiar name ‘vaccine’ was born, 
derived from the lalin name for cowpox, ‘vaccinia’ 
(from the lalinAacca’, a cow). 

Jenner s vaccination techniques spread 
across the world faster than the disease itself. 
Napoleon had his troops vaccinated with “le 
vaccin jennerien” and, in honouring Jenner, was 

reported to have said that “he could refuse him 

In Russia, the first child to be vaccinated 
was given the name ‘Vaccinof ’. Many countries 
made vaccination compulsory. And the newly 
elected Resident Jefferson of the USA said in 
aletter to Jenner, “Future nations will know 
by history only that the loathsome 
smallpox has existed and by 
you has been extirpated.” 

Prophetic words indeed. In 
1980, the W>rld Health Assembly 
officially declared that smallpox 
had been completely eradi- 
cated from the planet. 

But the battle to rid the 
world of other diseases is still 
being fought. Especially in die 
developing countries. 

The pharmaceutical industry 
supplies the bulk of the 
vaccines currently used in 
the World Health Organiza- 
tion’s programme to provide 
immunisation for every child in the 
M world against diphtheria, whooping 
|f cough, tetanus, measles, pouomye- 
$ . litis arid tuberculosis Hy the year 
1 1990. - 

The small number ojf research 
based companies that develop 
and produce these vaccines are 
also trying to assist the less indus- 
H trialised nations by producing 
more heat-stable products,, 
improving distribution facilities 
and providing local training. 

And for the future, although 
w'w vaccines do not enjoy adequate 
p patent protection, the industry is 
A using all the recent advances in 
5j| biotechnology to develop radically 
“ ' new immunising techniques. 

Effective protection against 
diseases like malaria and leprosy 
9 should soon be introduced, and 
|p vaccines against other tropical 
diseases may well follow. 

Without adequate investment, this enor- 
mous effort would not be possible. 

And the people of otheir nations would 
uot be so. lucky as the last of the Mohicans. 

If you’d like further information about the 
British Pharmaceutical Industry, write to:/\ 
Dr. John Griffin/The ABPI,12 Whitehall, jshllll 
London SW1 2DY. . . P|HJ 

\ 'A. 

F*Av€ •.-<3iSr'r«p'P- s. fries’-. ■****■*': % r • ••-■ -.>-—• . ■ 

ft: 1'rVv " 'r"p“--r «• to »»'* ■ v •• 



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From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

£3 e 

Africa and a delegation from AfW(Mno5ST^T^^^ 
Irsotho todiscuss the situation 


^ Mr R- F. “Pik" Botha, the comnSS^TtaSnt p^^ 
KX- .*® the former gov«^Sof5i£f 

Lesotho team by Mr Eyanstus Leabua Jonathan to hand over 
Sekhonyana, the. small king- some 80 ANC operatrovdiose 
dom s former foreign minister, names and addre^ to South 
»*o acjto as a special Africans are- tai'rf to haw 
envoy of the new Military supplied. Bromier checks have 
Conncfl. caused Jong delays in to arrival 

! ™ 1 . ' — ?‘ petrol, fbodd and other /vital 

^ Monday. ^ ^ 

dOOta Africa linlfg announcement of to toppling 

ffftssftirftis- - SSSaSSa- 


’ A v-V - - 4 

ip iili* , 

- p - 

’ ■ v-T V 

•■ •*** £ -". v rvpy’% 

. • v; • 

: - ■ . 1 

Punjab police act 
to curb extremists 

From Kuldip Nayar, Delhi 


>•***• »«*J- & ■ ... - i - a . <-•-* :)-* ? 

P; >v-^r 

■id jtrerfl fa, Sroto , jSSS S 

nulitary riders ' who - seized 
power align to country too 
closely with South Africa, an 
aid offiefe] said in Stockbobn, 
(Renter reports). 

Mr Mats Snndgren, of the 
state-run Swedish Tutor - 
national Development Auth- 
ority, said direct aid to Lesotho 
of about $45 million (£3 
mQQon) a year was aimed at 
reducing its dependence on 
Sooth Africa. ... 

. “It is based an to assump- 
tion that : Lesotho, has an 
independent attitude to Sooth 
Africa. If there is i radical 
long-term change in ■ the coun- 
try’s policy towards Sooth 
Africa, ton Swedish aid would 
have to be renewed.” 

A short statement by 'to 
South Africans said there had 
been “a wide-ranging exchange 
of views on matters of import- 
ance to both countries’* and 
agreement to work for “the 
promotion of good neigh bourK- 
nqss”. There was : no indication, 
however, of bow soon' the South' 
African economic blockade of 
Lesotho might be lifted. 

Since New’ Year’s Day, 
Pretoria has subjected all traffic 
entering Lesotho, which is 
surrounded by South Africa, to- 
rigorous security checks. 

It claims that the checks are 
necessary tp stop arms reaching 
insurgents of to underground 
African National Congress 

— r - ~ Wd5 

first such delivery in several 
■weeks. Another train was 
allowed in yesterday. Controls 
on road traffic were still tight. 

_ The South Africa economic 
pressure helped to bring about 
to coup by exacerbating inter- 
na! divisions within the king- 
dom. The coup was preceded at 
to . ’ end of last week by 
skirmishes between the 1,SOO- 
man, army, known as the 
Lesotho Paramilitary Force 
(LPF), and armed members of 
to youth wing of Chief 
Jonathan's Basutoland National. 
Party (BNP), which is strongly 
pro-ANC. • 

Major-General Justin- Lekhav 
nya, the commander of the 
LPF, who 'is chai rman of the 
Military Council, yesterday 
spoke over to Radio Lesotho 
for the first time since the coup, 
calling on civil servants $o 
render impartial service to all 
members of the public. 

.‘The., overthrow of Chief 
Jonathan,- , who had ruled 
autocratically without elections 
since 1970. has generally been 
popular within Lesotho. 

• Cuban ' 1 stranded: The 
Foreign Minister of Cuba, 
Sefior Isidore Mahnierca, who 
was on an official., visit' to 
Lesotho when- to coup~ took 
place, is stranded there, as 
flights from the only inter- 
national - airport have been 
suspended indefinitely. 

. Leading article, page 17 

a * tcr 811 ontiersea volcano erupted at the beginning of the week off Iwo Jixna, in the Pacific. 
- . ; MW .*Stofid ts 500 by 700 yd and rises 45 ft above the water. Iwo Jim a, 750 mites from Tokyo, was the scene of one of 
•• ; • the fiercest Pacific battles of the last war. 

Britons more optimistic about EEC future 

Police in Punjab arrested 200 
Sikh militants all over to state 
yesterday to prevent them from 
joining extremist Sikh youths in 
virtual control of the Akal 
Takht, the traditional scat of 
Sikh power in the Golden 
Temple at Amritsar which they 
have threatened to demolish on 
Sunday, India's Republic Day. 
and then rebuild. 

The Shrimoni Gurdwara 
Parbandak Committee (SGPC), 
which manages Sikh temples, 
declared some time ago that it 
would undertake the job from 
January 27. Extremist young 
Sikhs, including members of the 
All India Sikh Students Feder- 
ation. snatched 1 4 double- 
barrelled guns from the SGPC 
workers yesterday, highlighting 
the confrontation between the 
two sides. 

The rebuilding of the AJeaJ 
Takhu which to Indian 
Government repaired after it 
was partly destroyed by the 
army in June, 1984, is a pretext 
by both sides to test their 
following among the Sikhs. The 
SGPC is supported by the Akali 
Dal Government in Punjab and 

supports the accord reached 
between Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the 
Indian Prime Minister, and ihe 
late Sant Harchand Singh 
Longowai, which extremist Sikh 
youths have rejected. They want 
a more autonomous Sikh state 
The uncertainty hanging over 
Fazilkaj and Abhor, the two 
Hindi-speaking towns in Punjab 
and the Lok Dai’s call in 
Haryana to stop traffic tomor- 
row have increased tension in 
both states. The report on the 
latest count in Kundu Khera, a 
Punjabi-speaking village 

between Abhor and FaziJka. 
which stands between Hindi- 
speaking areas, was submitted 
yesterday to the border com- 
mission studying the issue of 
which of the Hindi-speaking 
areas of Punjab should go to! 
Haryana in return for Chandi- 
garh’s integration in Punjab. 

The Delhi Police Com-* 
missioner. Mr Ved Morwah.', 
said that exvemist plans to 
create panic on Republic Day; 
and to kill VIPs had been foiled- 
by the local police with the.’ 
arrest of Harjinder Singh, aged' 
24, who is wanted for murder 

Teenage time of trouble 

From Richard Owen . , 

.. Brussels 

' For the first time in five 
years a majority of people in 
the EEC -are optimistic -abont 
the future.. of Europe and 
believe that 1986 will bring 
benefits to Comm unity r i ri » n ^ 
according to an opinion poll 

released by , the , EEC Com- 
mission yesterday. 

The poll, conducted •* by 
Euro barometer, the EEC's own ■ 
public opinion survey, found 
that those who felt 1986 would 
be a good year for Europe 
onto timber the pessimists by 32 
per centre 24 per cent. Only In 

Belgium, Greece and Portugal 
were the optimists still in a 

Of British citizens ques- 
tioned, 37 per cent were 
positive In- their assessment of 
the prospects- . for to coming 
year in die EEC compared to 
32 per cent in last year’s polL 

Thirty per cent of Britons 
questioned said toy were 

Paradoxically, although 
most Britons support Com- 
munity membership, 53 per 
cent fee! Britain has not 
benefited from EEC member- 

Stockholm - Increasing 
numbers of Swedish teenagers 
are unable to tell the time on a 
conventional clock because of 
the influence of digital clocks 
and watches, according to a 
report published yesterday (Our 
Correspondent writes). 

A survey of more than 2,000 
teenagers by the state publishing 

company Liber shoued that one 
in five no longer understood the' 
expression “quarter to three”.* 
They prcfcred ”2.45" or* 

One in three of the teenagers! 
found difficulty counting in 
time with a digital watch; 
because it is a question of oOths.! 
rather than lOlhs or IOOihs. 


Big business points 

the way to Botha 

From Out Own Correspondent, Johannesburg . 

South African industrialists • The release of all political 
yesterday called for far-reaching prisoners from detention^ 
political and economic reforms. The FCL which includes both 
including universal suffrage Afrikaans and English-speaking 
with “due regard being given to businessmen, also published a 
the protection of the rights of “charter of social, economic 
minorities’*. and political rights’* equally 

In an “Action Programme” applicable to all citizens of 
released at a press conference South Africa whatever their 
here, the South African Feder- race. 

ated Chamber of Industries The businessmen’s aim -ap- 
suggestrd the following “basic peafsrto be to send a signal to 
preconditions” for successful Mr P. W. Botha, to South 
negotiation on the .consti- African President, who is due to 
tutional future of the country. open to 1986 session of 
• An undertaking by govern- in Cap e Town on 

ment to abolish statutory race Janumy^l .with a. speech that 
discrimination in all legislation, ™. ^ the:* 'Government s 
and in particular those laws P°hcy agenda for the coming 
restricting the movement of . . • . ' _ . 

^ spjsyr-a 

segregation of residential areas. ^S^i^uSSS 

0 The restoration of a com- last August, which led to a. 
tnon South African common collapse of world confidence in 
law and an end to arbitrary the South African economy. 
detention. Record inflation, page 2 3 

Italian recipe condemned 

Storm over TV channel 
rages round Mitterrand 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

The storm raging over Presi- cession in secret negotiations 
dent Mitterrand’s . having with the Government 
panted to concession for. From ^ outset there ^ 
France s first private television uproar over ^ apparent 
ehannel to a Franco-Italian way in which the! 

t ?SSL- ae % deal was clinched, as wen as 
heights, after the ^dis closure of over special privileges proposed 
the new channels proposed for ^ 
programme schedule and out- 
right government r ej ect i on of For the first* time, a French 
advice from ' the independent channel is to be allowed to 
High Authority on its con- interrupt films' with publicity 
ditions of contract spots three times an hour. The 

The lightweight diet of 
Italian-styie • variety and tele- jS!L n 
vision games,- interspersed with 

American fiimut and soap operas ^ h o urs a ywr of 

unveiled in Paris on Mon^S 

JSPW-SS «=*«“ fihns two .years ^ 

channS* 5 w 11 mnfimifed his 8 eneraI release, instead of the 
^nm^has roofirmfed his. ^ required for to 

ermes worst fears. public channels/ ■ 

Si^or Berlusconi's name has Tfae coutemwtwxL of these 


vision.^ Socialists in 1982 to oversee 

Not a single wholly French- standards in television, and 
produced programme or film is radio, has gone unheeded by the 
included on the sdbedule. Nor Government 
have any French stars of 
television and stage yet signed 
up with to new company. 

There is to be no news 
programme before 1987. 

The package gives the im- 
pression of having been thrown 
together in a great hurry, as 
indeed it was. The Berlusconi 
television, as it is known, 
although Signor Berlusconi 
owns only 40 per cent of the 
partnership, is to open ‘ on 
February 20, only three months 
after having gained the con- 




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Nothing can match it or catch it 

M Jacques Chirac, leader of 
the Gaullist RPR party, said on 
Monday, that he did not want 
Signor BcrluscomV involve- 
ment “at any price. . . We will 
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The opposition sees the 
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Lufthansa readies destinations 
British scheduled airlines cannot reach 

Addis Ababa, Aleppo, Algiers, 
Ankara, Bucharest, Calgary, 
Casablanca, Damascus, Graz 

Heraklion, Ibiza, Jakarta, Kin- 
shasa, La Paz, Leningrad, Lima 
Linz, Mexico, Montevideo, 

Quito, Saloniki, San Juan, 
Santiago de Chile, Seoul. 


h » 

1 V*' 


Anglo-Soviet relations 
given boost by 
minister’s London visit 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

re fa t iOM« seve- Most of Mr Ryzhov's talks are also expected to meet soon 
! 5 ^ mst autumn's were taken up with the nitty- to discuss a whole range of arms 

spy expulsions, arc gritty of bilateral relations, such control issues, 
now Back on an upward rum as as trade cultural exchanges. , . 

“ two days of talks embassy sites and visas. . AJ J £° l i** ®"““ "?*» 

Souti Yemen. wmui, HI u*v Knum kuuuusi- xv. u . . . . . 

• _ . aiinninth^nfrcr The Bnush side, also raised. Soviet Union has al- al,on 10 the oner. thc pjiyy. of f^jy 

lowed its embassy compound in It is expected that Gorba- reunions, particularly the case 

Aden to be used as a gathering chov's proposals will be dis- of Mr Alexander Blonsky, a 

‘point for foreigners awaiting cussed in detail when Mr Soviet citizen whom Moscow 

evacuation and relayed _ infor- Shevardnadze comes to Lon- refuses permission to leave 

mation about the lighting to don. Russia to join his British wile, 

British warships offshore. British and Soviet officials Jill. - . 

British and Soviet officials 

Terror files Buy British, Tokyo 

by Belgians 

Brussels (Reuter) - Belgium's 
justice a u thorites yesterday 
displayed the captured archives 
of the country's main leftist 
urban guerrilla group and 
announced the arrest of another 

The public prosecutor. Mr 
Andre Van Doren, said that 12 
volumes of files were seized, 
with explosives, a pistol, a part- 
completed bomb, army maps 
and fake identity papers in a 
"safe house" of the Fighting 
Communist Cells ( CCC ) here 
last week. 

The group has made 27 bomb 
attacks on Nato, US and 
Belgian establishment targets in 
the past IS months. Four key 
CCC suspects arrested last 
month have been charged with 
attempted murder, conspiracy 
and firearms offences. 

The captured documents 

minister urged 

From Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 
Donning her hat as Britain’s possibility of a round of talks on 

number one sales person, Mrs 

General Agrcment 

Margaret Thatcher yesterday Tarriffis and Trade was likely to 
I urged Japan to buy more British ho a major issue at the summit. 

products to narrow the yawning Mr Abe said the Japanese 
trade gap between the two Government expected corn- 
countries. modity questions to be high on 


Street with Mr Shintaro Abe, 
the Japanese Foreign Minister, 
she made a strong sales pitch for 

Downing the agenda. 

He also told the Prime 
Minister that Japan was ready 
to co-operate in helping to 

the Tornado jet to fill the role of resolve the crisis in the Inter- 
strike fighter in the Japanese .Air national Tin Council. 

Self -Defence Force. She also During yesterday's talks he 
urged Japan to show restraint in spent a considerable time 
fishing around the Falkland reviewing the recent visit by Mr 
Islands. Eduard Shevardnadze, the 

Japan, which has one of the Soviet Foreign Minister, to 
largest fishing fleets in the Tokyo. It was the first to Japan 

the past 1 5 months. Four key South Atlantic, is among several by a Soviet Foreign Minister for 
CCC suspects arrested last countries being consulted by the almost 10 years, 
month have been charged with Rome-based Food and Agricul- Mr Andrei Gromyko, Mr 
attempted murder, conspiracy lure Organization about ways of Shevardnadze's predecessor, 
and firearms offences. regulating fishing in the region, refused to visit the country 

The captured documents It is feared that slocks of because he did not want to 
included maps of Nato fuel squid, whiting and hake will discuss Japan's claims to the 
pipelines across Belgium, which become seriously depleted if disputed Kurile Islands. Mr Abe 
the CCC has attacked several catches around the Falkland said that Tokyo regarded Mr 
times, and reference books Islands continue at their present Shevardnadze's agreement to 
listing prominent Belgian busi- levels. ' open talks on the islands as a 

nessraen. judges, civil servants. 

The: visit . by : Mr. Abe, who 

politicians and other potential a is 0 ‘hdd talk's with Sir Geoffrey 
targets; Howe, the Foreign Secretary, 

Mr Van Doren said that the and Mr Leon Brittan. the 
arrested man, Mr Luc Van Secretary of State for Trade and 
Acker, was linked with another Industry, is the sixeenlh in a 
leftist group, the Revolutionary series of regular Anglo-Japancsc 
Front for Proletarian Action political consultations. 

(Frap). which carried out three Among matters he raised was 
bombings last spring but has the seven-nation economic 
since been dormant. summit in Tokyo in May. Mrs. 

Mr Van Actor, aged 24. has Th “ chcr ““ ,h “ trade and Ul ' 
been charged with criminal ‘ 

conspiracy. The prosecutor said 
that his fingerprints were found 
in another flat "used to prepare 
and make explosive devices and 
as a conspiracy centre by 
several terrorist movements". 

Police believe Frap is linked 
to France's Action Directs 
urban guerrillas, but its re- 
lations with the CCC are not 
dear. Unlike the four CCC 
suspects, who have refused to 
answer questions, Mr Van 
Acker had made statements, Mr 
Van Doren said. * 

The CCC archives contained Mr Shintaro Abe, the Japa 
leaflets claiming responsibility Mrs Thatcher at Dow 

for the group’s attacks and 

photographs of targets, as well • j 1 i 

as meticulously filed newspaper 00 1 X 1 . J 


Among books seized were rtf A flnrfl 

works by the Stalinist former lUll vl 

Islamabad (Reuter) - About 

fomi ‘“rhSSl L d Hn 100 civilians, including at least 

former Chinese leader, Lin I4 womcn and children. have 

* WO. i.;ku. 4 ihir k.- 

said that Tokyo regarded Mr 
Shevardnadze’s agreement to 
open talks on the islands as a 
major .advance in Japanese- 
Soviet rdations. 

The question of Japan's 
taking part in President Rea- 
gan's Star Wars space defence 
plan was also discussed: Japan 
has not yet derided what form 
its participation will take. 

Mr Abe thanked Sir Geoffrey 
for Britain’s help m rescuing 

summit in Tokyo in May. Mrs. Japanese nationals from South 
Thatcher said that trade and the Yemen on the Britannia. 

i Islamabad (Reuter) - About 

fnrrnrT- a *ririii«F L d S 100 civilians, including at least 

former Chinese leader, L.n , 4 womcn and children. have 

riao ‘ _ been killed this month by 

Police also found dozens of Soviet air attacks on the central 
rounds of ammunition, a bullet- Afghan towns of Charikar and 
proof vest, instruction manuals Kuhistan. Western diplomats 
for firearms, a walkie-talkie and said yesterday, 
a scanner radio used to tap Afghan troops suffered heavy 
police communications. losses when a convoy was 

The reference books included a t tacked _ by Islamic guerrillas 

Mr Shintaro Abe, the Japanese Foreign Minister, with 
Mrs Thatcher at Downing Street yesterday. 

Soviet bombs take their 
toll of Afghan civilians 

Islamabad (Reuter) - About council, headed by President 
00 civilians, including at least Karmal. Seventy-one per ent 
4 womcn and chiidrcn. have were appointed from outside 
>ccn killed this month by the ruling Communist Party in 
iovict air attacks on the central what seemed to be an attempt 
Afghan towns of Charikar and to broaden the Government's 
Cuhistan. Western diplomats base. 

Who in Francophone | ou * of lhc t0 ' v " ,? f , G 1 "™*; 

Belgium . a judicial yearbook 
and a manual listing 5.000 
Belgian businessmen. 

Brussels (AP) - Police have 

Soviet troops retaliated with 
heavy aerial bombing 
The diplomats said that 
government security measures 
in Kabul had been more intense 

ff Salang Turns I 

Charikar-*^! 4 


... . — . - — cm bliss v sites and visas. iPTJ 3 * 11 

which Mr Nikita .Ryzhov, a steadfastly to bold n ego nations 

Soviet deputy foreign minister . BuI Mr Rv^ov, the Krem- withh the Soviet Union about 
has held in London. ’ hn’s foremost expert on British reducing its Polaris force until 

It is w i- .v . anairs, also devoted consider- ihe Soviet Union and the US 

the fble H* 11 * to outJ ining Mr have made deep cuts in their 

amleratcdfiMh^ xa* M dthail Gorbachov’s latest own nuclear arsenals. Mr 

EdmS T 5f r Proposal for ridding the world Ryzhov was told that Britain 

ofn S cl M r«sp OT sbyU.cycar welcomed lhc opportunity to 
his tonR-awaiterf ^ 'JEti 2 ' 000 ' ,ook al :irms control issues in 

probably in spring. The plan contains a number ^ebroad context of improving 

AT^id^of the new of new eietnentn. indudit« . Haet-Weet relnuot * 

warmth in Ajglo-Soviet re- aSES' W H is talks in London were not 
Uuons, Sir Geoffrey Howe, the ■ 311 P^in 1 sailing, however. He 

Foreign Secretary, called Mr JSSStu was told that after kttt year’s 

Ryzhov to hoi office on Monday ^ expulsion of Soviet spies there 

for an uascheduJed meeting JJJJ2L £*£.5*5 , 1 was °o way that Britain would 
during w’lich be expressed the nuclear *°rce al exi sting- le\ds. insider raising its ceiling on 
government's thanks for Mos- Mr Ryzhov urged Sir Geof- the number of Soviet officials it 
cow's help in getting Britons frey and Mr Derek Thomas, his allows to work here; It now 
and other foreigners out of opposite number at Lhc Foreign stands at 205. 

Sout’i Yemen. Office, to give serious consider- D . . , ' , ‘ 

_ . aiinninthAnffiir The Bnush side, al so raised 

..he Soviet Union has al- al,on 10 the oner. thc p^j^. of f^jy 

lowed its embassy compound in It is expected that Gorba- reunions, particularly the case 





im 3 $ 

*JF> . 


## J 



Si " 

1#-'- •• .j, 


American entertainers Ainy Grant (left), Stevie Wonder and Diana Ross at a rehearsal foran ^f^f.c^ebration honouring 
. Martin Luther King, the murdered civil rights leader, at the Kennedy Centre tn Washington. 

refuses permission to leave 
Russia lo join his British wile, 
Jill. - . 

Paying the 
price for 
slave labour 

From Frank. Johnson 
. Bonn 

One by one, the traditional 
great names of German Indus- 
try-are being drawn oh to the 
subject of which of them nsed 
slave labour during the Second 
World War, and which later 
compensated the survivors 
among slave labourers-. 

The issue was reopened by 
the decision this month, by tbe 
present owners of the Flick 
industrial concern to pay DM5 
million to such survivors as can 
be found. 

So long as it was owned by 
the Flick family, the firm 
refused any payment Bat the 
family sold out to Deutsche 
Bank, which in turn will sell it 
to the public - or at least to a 
group of huge share-owning 
institutions - by means of a 
share issue later this year. 

The Deutsche, the largest 
German bank, prides .itself on 

Mafia opts for younger leadership 

Crime Inc puts finishing touches 
to its new management team 

Bail for 
on witch 

Johannesburg (AFP) - A 
French fortune teller. “Nina" 
Jeanette Montes, has been 
bailed here on charges of being 
a witch. She is thought to be the 
first white person since 1943 
brought to trial under South 
Africa’s anti-witchcraft legis- 

-She was arrested by two 
policewomen after allegedly 
threatening to turn them into 
frogs. They had gone to her 
home after complaints filed by 
unsatisfied customers, accord- 
i ing to press reports. 

French consular officials 
confirmed that Mme Montes 
, was a French citizen, but ga*c 
her age as 39 and not 31 as 
listed on the charge sheet. 

New supersonic 
airliner plan 

Paris (Reuter) - France's 
siaierowned Aerospatiale, 
which built Concorde jointly 
with British Aerospace, said 
yesterday it was developing a 
larger. longcr-rangc model and 
would welcome international 

The plane would be designed 
to carry between 200 and 300 
passengers and have a cruising 
speed of Mach 2.5 (dose to 
1.700 mph) compared with 
Concorde's Mach 2 speed. 

. Birthday celebrations, page IS 

Boardroom changes in 
America's largest criminal orga- 
nization how ' seem complete. 
There is a tough new manage- 
ment team. At a time when 
Mafia leadership is something 
of a gerontocracy the reshuffle 
puts a younger man at the top. 
[t is also a reminder that for all 
the appearance of pinstriped 
respectability adopted by its 
overlords the Mafia's pricipal 
dynamics are violence and the 

It will be remembered that 
the chairman of the board was 
rubbed out last month. His 
vice-chairman, who liked to 
keep order by banging people 
over the head with a baseball 
baL perished at his side. 

"Big Paul" Castellano was 
godfather of the largest of the 
five New York Mafia families 

From Trevor Fishlock, New York . Birthday celebrations, p; 

n Dancgeld paid to criminals is The authorities will seek to 
l- one of the reasons why building show that the leaders of the five iVJ.luG 6 l~C*IS 6 
r. costs are very high in New Mafia families formed a com- : i i i 

York. Police reckon that a mission to manage crime. 6 SCflD 6 fS fiCiu 

_ r : c- - v ..j iL_ • r 

costs are very high in New Mafia families formed a com- x | * 

York. Police reckon that a mission to manage crime. CSCGDCrS 11610 

quarter of the price of some Mr Castellano developed the 

building contracts goes lo the Mafia’s influence in transport . Ban J 7vt.ii cXinSr?* 

Mafia. and construction. He saw have detained wo Spaniards 

Similarly, many business-: - himself as a businessman and of 

men. haulage and refuse con- until lately was hardly ever in Mathicson. aged 43. a Scotnsh 

tractors and restauranteure pay trouble with the law. His l o unsl - “J a mugging attempt in 

levies to gangsters. Tbe Presi- ■ ■ < «— ■ 

denfs Commission on Orga- Americans learn 

nized Crime reported this week » .• A - 

that four large unions, in Crime IS 

transport, docks, hotels and costing them money 

construction, arc controlled by ■■ — — 

organized crime, spreading successor in the Gambino 
economic corruption to a family, Mr John Gotti, aged 45. 
number of industries. Effec- has a more traditional back- 
lively. the MaGa imposes a tax ground and has been arrested 

tourist, in a mugging attempt in 
the resort of Lloret del Mar in 
September 19S4. The two 
escaped trial last month by 
holding a judge and clerk at 

Jesus Scrrct was detained 

successor in the Gambino w 

family, Mr John Gotti, aged 45. a "jJ ESS * 

has a more traditional back- 10 his mother s house. 

its dependability and respect- which have carved up the crime 
ability, and its embodiment of p i e here. Drugs, gambling, 
the “new Germany”. It did not usurv. protection rackets and 
want to have to refuse justice to robbery, are only part of their 
some of the old Germany's operations. They leech on to 
victims. Moreover, that xefusal many businesses, like the fish 
would have damaged the Flick 

Americ " The Mob is paid a 

On Monday Daimler-Benz, quarter of - 

now a great high-technology some balldinC COD tracts 
enterprise as well as the . 

makers ^ f .J 1 !. C -» ?^ ons « markets, restaurants, transport 

sumounced that it bad asked for and the booming construction 
nsrolem thetiurd Reicb to be industfy . Th e n |w Manhattan 
studied by independent his- skyscrapers are good news to 
torians. It would then consider Mafia, 
whether payment of any com- On projects worth more than 
pensatiou was necessary. $ 2 minion builders pay a two 

The explanation for this per cent Mafia fee. Mob-con- 
change of attitude ties in the trolled unions, tell builders 
change in ownership of the where to get materials and 
great names of the German services. Co-operation ensures 
economy. Daimler-Benz, like industrial peace. 



smuggled - tusks in Antwerp- 
They came from a East African 
port which officials refused to 

of I in the past week, apparently for 

an extraordinary session of the 
revolutionary council 

Kabul has named 79 new 
members to the revolutionary 






the “new Germany". It did not 
want to have to refuse justice to 
some of the old Germany's 
victims. Moreover, that refusal 
would have damaged the Flick 
share issue with American 

On Monday Daimler-Benz, 
now a great high-technology 
enterprise as well as the 
makers of the famous cars, 
announced that it had asked for 
its role In the third Reich to be 
studied by independent his- 
torians. It would then consider 
whether payment of any com- 
pensation was necessary. • 

The explanation for this 
change of attitude ties in the 
change in ownership of the 
great names of the German 
economy. Daimler-Benz, like 
Flick, is no longer run by its 
patriarchal founders, but by 
echelons of highly salaried 
managers, most of whom were 
too young to have had much 
involvement in any aspect of 
the Second World War. 

This may mean they feel no 
guilt for what the firms did 
then. But it also means that 
compensation could be paid 
without their feeling that the 
blame for using slave labour 
rests with them. 

Daimler-Benz is' celebrating 
its centenary this year, and. the 
celebrations would be clouded 
by any controversy Over slave 
labour and compensation. The 
I inquiry will be carried out 
under Professor Hans Pohl, of 
an institute in Cologne which 
specializes in the history of 

He said on Monday in 
Stuttgart, Daimler-Benz's 
headquarters, that during the 
war the firm made aircraft 
engines, anti-aircraft guns and 

Prisoners of war and concen- 
tration camp Inmates were sent 
to work there from mid- 1 942. 

A spokesman for one of the 
other great names, BMW, said 
he was “somewhat surprised", 
when the S&ddartsche Zeitung 
asked whether BMW would be 
looking into the compensation 

He understood that this was 
covered by German reparation 
payments after the war, and 
that he could not yet discuss 
what BMW would be doing. 

on goods and services. ' 

Interestingly, the jucier bulk 
of the commission’s report was 
withheld because ihe judge in a 
New York Mafia trial com- 
plained that it would prejudice 
the hearing. 

«verai times. . . . - Boy kidnapped 

Pohce say he joined ihe f . a 
Gambinos as a "soldier" in the |Y) Q 0 jOCKCY 
1960s and became a captain in J J 

1 979. ' Abu Dhabi (AFP 

The present spate of trials Bapfiladeshi boy age 
and the information gathered bv living with his parent 

■ __ 1 . • r AmI, 

Mr Castellan was a defendant electronic eavesdropping arc 
in this trial, one of three Mafia S«ving Americans a broader 
cases going on here. He and knowledge or organized crime, 
nine others were accused of the way it permeates and how 
racketeering and murder. The 131 it costs them. 

.Roman: Catholic- Archbishop- of. . The Mafia &ad a-.&My easy 
New-York denied him a funeral nde for many years and- the 
Mass because of a fear that the commission on organized crime I 
Church would be seen as cntici 2 es the Justice and Labour 

endorsing ^'organized crime. 
Lawyers -for, the other defend- 
ants argued that the Church's 

Departments for “ineffective" 
efforts against gangs. 

It says gangsters cultivate 

decision,- and ihe publicity, polidral influence and notes 
nremdiced ’ the- triaL Bui the Inal there is concern that the 

Abu Dhabi (AFP) - A 
Bangladeshi boy aged tour, 
living with his parents in the 
United Arab Emirates, was 
kidnapped here and rented out 
: to be trained as a camel jockey, 
a newspaper reported. 

Police in the town of Ajman 
rescued Mohammed Ismail and 
returned him to his father 24 
hours after he was kidnapped, 
reportedly by a Pakistani 

Poet mourned 

, Prague (Reuter) - Thousands 

prejudiced foe- trial Bui the in* there is concern that the ‘ ,, m 

judge ordered the case to Teamsters Union support for 

judge ordered 

President Reagan might have 

„ . w V, _ „ .. . . influenced the Justice Depart- 

Had Mr Castellano lived, he ment's decision to drop an 
would have been in the tine-up inquiry into the activities of Mr 
of Mafia figures m an important Jackie Presser, die Teamsters' 
trial scheduled for the spring, leader. 

US looks to Palau 
for bases back-up 

Czechoslovakia's leading dissi- 
dents, filed past the body of the 
Nobel Prize-winning poet Jaros- 
lav Seifert lying in state in 
Prague's main concert hall, the 
Rudolfinum. yesterday. He died 
on January 10 aged 84. 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 
United States has permits US access and building 
tentative agreement rights on two existing airfields. 

Sixth white Guru decision 

" J J Karlsruhe (Reuter) - A 

muraerea • German regional court 
_ in cleared the way for the c 

Tw-wt vAnfklc* dition to the US of Ma A; 
XI j JL LuClo S heel a. former aide to Bba] 

The United States has 
reached tentative agreement 
with Palau, the chain of tiny 
islands in the western Pacific, to 
build air. naval ‘ and training 
bases there as a partial alterna- 
tive to the huge US military 
installations in tbe troubled 

Agreement with thfrMicrone- 
sian state is part of the overall 
arrangement ending US trustee- 
ship over the islands, and must 
be approved by the US Con- 
gress and by the Palau national 
congress in a plebiscite on 
February 24. 

The arrangement will com- 
plete a US defensive arc in the 
Pacific, stretching from Guam 
to the northern Marianas, and is 
seen in Washington as a vital 
alternative to the Clark air base 
and the Subic Bay naval base in 
the Philippines. 

Worried by the growing 
threat from communist Filipino 
guerrillas, the Pentagon esti- 
mates that it will cost 58 billion 
(£5.5 billion) to relocate the 
bases, the largest US military 
facilities abroad, if Manila 
refuses to renew the lease 
agreement on its expiry in 1991. 

The agreement with Palau 

Harare - With . apparently 
renewed determination to im- 

port construction and use of 40 I -settle the small white popn- 

li.l.t I L.J ..J I | n f,‘ nn «r 1 

acres of Malakal harbour, and 
use of the largest island for 
military manoeuvres and train- 

Palau itself is of little military 
significance. But it offers the 
potential for refuelling stops 
and reconnaissance in support 
of larger facilities under con- 
sideration for Guam and the 
northern Marianas. 

Administration officials say 
that Palau is unlikely ever fully 
to replace the two Philippine 
bases. With a population of 
only 13.000. it offers little 
opportunity for rest and rec- 

lation of Zimbabwe's troubled 
western province of Matabele- 
land, anti-government guer- 
rillas yesterday, shot dead 
another white farmer (Jan 
Raath writes). 

Hector Argyle, aged 40, is 
the sixth white killed by rebels 
in tbe past three months. No 
official confirmation was avail- 
able, but farming sources say 
that Mr Argyle. married with 
two young children, was am- 
bushed and shot dead at about 
10 am on Debshan ranch, a 
vast cattle concern owned by 

Karlsruhe (Reuter) - A West 
German regional court has 
cleared the way for the extra- 
dition to the US of Ma Anand 
Sheela. former aide to Bhagwan 
Sbree Rajneesb. and two others. 
AH are wanted on charges of 
conspiracy to murder the guru. 

Bonner released 

Newton, Massachusetts 
(AFP) - Yelena Bonner, the 
wife of the Soviet dissident 
physicist Andrei Sakharov, was 
released from Massachusetts 
General Hospital on monday, a 
week after undergoing heart by- 
pass surgery. 

Guillotine plea 

Paris (Reuter) - M Jean- 
Marie Le Pen, leader of the 
right-wing National Front party. 

the Zimbabwean subskiiary of called for France to reintroduce 
Anglo American, in the Sha- tbe death penalty, abolished in 

reation for the !aige number of ^ 

SSsJE StaUOned 10 The ranch y n»na 8 ement is 

Philippines. known to have complained to 

Under the compact of free the security forces about the 
association, signed recently in presence of guerrillas on the 
Koror, the capital of Palau, the ranch and lack of action 


Under the compact of free 
association, signed recently in 
Koror, the capital of Palau, the 
US agreed to assume frill 
authority and responsibility for 
the defence and security of the 
islands, and will spend 5421 
million in economic assistance. 
The US also has the right to 
restrict the access of other 
foreign armed forces to Palau. 

against them. 

The murder comes four days 
alter rebels in the Nyamand- 

1981. and said he personally 
favoured the guillotine. 

18 executed 

Peking (AP) - Eighteen 
convicted murderers, rapists 
and thieves were sentenced to 
death at a huge public rally in 
Peking and then executed by 

lorn area, 25 miles north of being shot in the back of their 

Bulawayo, killed an Italian- heads, reports said. 

born fanner, Della Gasporina, y 7-42 

as he got out of his vehicle to U O rClffllOIl 

open a farm gate. 

Singapore arrest of MP 
shocks Malaysia 

From M. G. G. Pillai. Kuala Lumpur 
Malaysia's Chinese com- formally charged in court. It is 

Fashion furs fill coffers of the Kremlin 

Malaysia's Chinese com- 
munity was shocked by the 
arrest 'in Singapore yesterday of 
Tan' Koon Swan, a senior 
politician in Malaysia’s ruling 

Leaders of the Malasum 
Chinese Association, of which 
Tan Koon Swan was elected 
president only seven weeks ago, 
met in emergency session to 
the implications. 

From Christopher Walker 

More than million pelts, 

has emerged to show that in the aged between 25 and 45 
1950s the Russians sabotaged spending her own money" - as 
an effort to break the monopoly the main buyer of furs. “They 

expected ihatthe charges would exceeding £32 million in value! ^b les, exchanged for are noiYik^yio^^^ccd 

include criminal breach of trust, arc being traded this week at the American breeding mink* in a by a bunch of teenage anarch- 
Hc amassed a large fortune in world's largest fur auction. It is secret w ? re ^ ,sts • bc sa,d - 

15% US reunion 

Newark, New Jersey (Reuter) 

- Three Russian men were 
reunited with their American 
wives here tinder a deal made 
before the November US-Soviet 

" a us Heroin haul 

Monday. Hong Kong (AFP) — Customs 

17 years of wheeling and dealing I a bizarre 

castrated. Soviet official flatly 

and until his recent troubles was communists and capitalists put the allegation. 

mneirlnpAW An. nf fr, r til IDtCTVl G WS 

considered one of Malaysia's 
richest businessmen. 

His present problems stem 
from questionable, though not 

aside ideological differences far 
a hectic five days to satisfy the 
fashion whims of the rich. 
Although bidding takes place 

Times, senior Soviet, American 

latly Few of the 250 bidders from 
30 countries, who gathered in 
Jne their protective white coats at 
icon the imposing “Fur Palace", 

and British representatives showed any inclination to note 
pledged a common battle the irony of such an opulent 
apflinsf thr. pffnns nr in n animal ■ - 

e.eeir involving Pan-Electric grad-. lhe on fy language used 15 lobby, whose recent the 1917 Revolution. The 

recent the 

Tan Koon Swan, an MP and. and three companies he con- I English 


prices are attacks have put the industry on winter auction is the most 

leading businessman, was irollcd which ran into trouble US^ dollara. The SSlfflSPLSf _*!!?.. **“** 

bringing in S 100 million a year Union to appear in a US Uavnin l. ni .l 
in foreign currency. television commercial lTClUlIl Ucilll 

The praguatism of the Soviet As a result, on Monday. Hong Kong (AFP) - Customs 
Union, the worlds biggest for Marina, a striking Russian officers seized 881bs of heroin 
producer, was explained by Mr blonde, aged 20. was to be seen worth 300 million Hong Kong 
David Wolfe, executive vice- posing before American came- dollars (S38.5 million) inside 
president of Neman Marcus. ra men in an $85,000 coat amid unclaimed baggage at the 
the Dallas-based chain store a bewildered crowd of Lenin- airport here, 
which claims the records for grad shoppers. • , 

most^expenave for The commercial, to be shown JYI0r6 tOUXlStS 
coat, $225,000 sable m 1983. by the US networks next spring, Pekina fAFPt a > «. 

“Tsar Peter the Great used to ^ows her among her . less L3g i^Slion foreig^ £uriste 
pay his bills in sable when expensively dad feUow citizens visited China last vSr ii* 
travelling abroad and in that trying to buy a copy of 7rarf. the ce nt more PfJ 

iit,iA i,,. .Un.iwi Soviet trade union dailv. Kr. v~i.: *_TT_ 1 “*e 

the Dallas-based chain store 
which claims the records for 
selling the most expensive for 
co at/S 225,000 sable m 1983. 


More tourists 

arrested as he arrived in 
Singapore for routine talks with 
tbe authorities over his involve- 
ment with the giant Pan-Elccuic 
concern, the once high-flying 
Singapore company which col- 
lapsed two months ago. It had 
more than 90 subsidiaries ' 
Singapore sources said that 
the prosecution would ask for a 
**hiah enough" bail when be is 

when Pan-Elec trie went into L oca . tion „ “ dieted 

receivership in November. 

Soviet Union's jealously guar- 

Tan Koon Swan's arrest adds ° f ^Si^ h i Ch 

to the problems facing Datuk JJ 1 ? , “***. *H r- ... 

Sri Mahathir (Mohammed), tbe -® 1 IsTS Mr Hu ?h Dwan. managing questioned about the peculiarity 

Malaysian Prime Minister, lhc plot ^Gorky Park, a thriller director of the Hudson’s Bay of the Soviet Union's doing so 

Local political considerations ■ . - Company and a leading much to help to satisfy the 

would make a general election , T atm ospae re 0 1 intrigue member of the 60-strong British demand foor one of the most 

this year necessary, but the , j- 6 e ^^! einl ^ c ^r_ r ?° delegates, said that the latest coveted Western luxuries, 

mounting problems' now made , - ? market research had isolated The Soviet Union exports 15 

this unlikely. .. J claim that intelligence material ■ .... - - - 

yesterday withdrew permission 
for a Western photographer to 
film sables at a breeding ranch. 

Mr Hugh Dwan, m anag in g 

authorities annuall y in the city. 

Similarly Mr Yuri Mashkin, 
general director of foe Soviet 

respect little has changed. 

“It is commerce that counts, 
and it will be commerce 

Soviet trade union dally. 

“The Central Committee 
encouraged the comm e r ci al 

New China Agency said. 

between East and West, not because they are fed up with 
diplomacy, that will eventually Russian women always being 

State Fur Company, dismissed save us from a nuclear catas- depicted in the West as 

questioned about the peculiarity trophe." unfashionable and dumpy” said 

of the Soviet Union’s doing so ' Mr Wolfe, whose acumen is Mr Wolfe, dressed in an ankle- 
much to help to satisfy foe revered by Russian officials length sable. “Under Mr Gorba- 

demand for one of foe most (last year he sold two Russian chov. things are . changing. 

claim that intelligence material tho career. woman -female per coo* of Its fur production, allow models from foe Soviet lighter touch.' 

(last vear he sold two Russian chov. things are changing, 
furs for SI 75,000 each), has people are more open and more 
persuaded the authorities to hclpfiiL There is. definitely a 

| * 



Row over Libyan terror 
blights Greek efforts 
to improve US relations 

to upgrade Greek- 
Jdafconi suffered a 
SS** setback yesterday when 
A^ens aoowed Mr John White- 
^*|^depmy Secretary 

»Mr Wlritehead, who is tour- 
Nato countries to drum up 
spppoit- for US 

Utan. said that the 
lemfers be met had 
®¥® ed that Colonel Gadaffi, the 
uoyan leader, was behind 
terrorist attacks at the 
Rome and Vienna airports last 

A Greek government spokes* 
mid that this was untrue. 

”0 Greek official ever ac~ 

From Mario Modlano, Athens 

knowtedged to Mr Whitehead 
that Colonel Gadaffi was 
involved in terrorist attacks." 
The American Embassy, which 
had senior officials at Mr 
Whitehead's meetings, said it 
stood by his remarks. 

Mr KaroJos Papoulias, the 
Greek Foreign Minister, who 
spent several hours with Mr 
Whitehead, told a news confer- 
ence yesterday that, in feet, the 
Greek Government possessed 
evidence that Libya was not 
implicated in the attacks. 

The Greek Foreign Minister 
has had meetings with Mr 
Ahmed Sabati, described as a 
Libyan deputy Foreign Minis- 

Bonn is unmoved 

Bonn - Mr Whitehead 
received a polite bearing from 
the West German Government, 
bnt little more (Frank Johnson 

‘Yesterday he saw, among 
“here, the Minister of the 
Interio r, Hot Friedrich Zim- 
me rmann and Herr Martin 
Bange maim , Minister of Econ- 
omics and leader of the Free 
Democrats (FDP). 

Mr Whitehead, who says he 
prefers the terra "measures” to 
sanctions, because the latter 
raises “philosophical” prob- 
lems about effectiveness, ap- 
parently urged a scaling down 
of the Libyan-West German 
relationship in several areas: 

oQ imports to the Federal - 
Republic; flights between the 
two countries; and West Ger- 
man exports of advanced 

The Government's view is 
that Libyan support for terror- 
ism can only be dealt with by 
isolating Tripoli from the rest 
of the Arab world, and that this 
will happen only through a 
renewed Arab-Israeti .peace 

On Monday a Libyan del- 
egation, at Tripoli's request, 
visited the West German 
Foreign Ministry to deny 
Libyan involvement in the 
Rome and Vienna airport 
terrorist attacks. 

ter, who is in Athens e xplaining 
his gove r nment's views on the 
issue to Greek Government and 
opposition leaders. . . 

Mr F^ponlias said he had had 
a letter from his Libyan 
opposite number. Dr AH Trend, 
d r^1wr i"g country's readi- 
ness to co-operate with the West 
in combating international 
t errorism . 

. The deterioration hr LJS- 
Greek relations comes-at a time 
when the Sodalist goverament 
of Mr Andrew Papandreou, 
under the burden of economic 
and other constraints, has been 
trying to improve the climate 
between Athens and Wasbing- 

Mr Papoulias announced that 
Mr George Shultz, the US 
Secretary of State, bad "ex- 
pressed the wish to - visit 
Athens'* and the Government 
had obliged by inviting him 
here from March 25 to 27. 

It is clear, however, that in 
seeking -a rapprochement with 
the US, Greece refuses to allow 
its rapport with communist and 
Arab countries to be disturbed 
in the least. 

Mr Fapandreou, who de- 
plored Mr Whitehead's remarks 
as inadmissible, used the 
occasion of a peace meeting m 
Athens on Monday to give his 
unstinted support to Mr Mik- 
hail Gorbachov's arms re- 
duction proposaL 

Two tie policy to EEC 

Taormina, Sicily (Reuter) - 
Italy and Spain have agreed that 
theur policies towards Libya 
must be part of a joint initiative 
by the EEC Signor Bettino 
Craxi, the Italian Prime Minis- 
ter, said here at a news 
conference with Spain's Prime 
Minister, Sedor Gonzalez. 

Signor Craxi said that. any 


licy towards Libya could be 
i'ormulated only on a European 
basis. Italy and Spain held very 
similar positions on the issue. 

In an attempt to win support 
for US sanctions, Mr White- 
head last week gave Italy 
“incontrovertible evidence” of 
Tripoli's involvement in the 
airport attacks. 

Easy win 
for Quebec 

From John Best 

Mr Robert Bourassa, the 
Pr i m e Minister of Quebec, who 
led the liberals baric to 
province power on December 2 
while failing to win a seat 
hfmseu; returned to the Legis- 
lative Assembly on Monday 
when he easily won a by- 
election in the Montreal con- 
stituency of St Laurent. 

Mr Bourassa was Premier of 
itly French-speaking 
uebec for six years until his 
Liberal Government, and he 
personally, were de f eated by the 
Parti Quebecors in November 
1976. When the Liberals re- 
gained power, he suffered 
personal humiliation in the 
Bertrand Constituency. One of 
the successful Liberal candi- 
dates, Mr Germain Leduc, 
resigned his seat to allow Mr 
Bourassa - who had already 
resumed the Premiership, even 
though without a seat - could 
contest it in a by-election. 

He obtained 16,135 votes (83 
per' cent), his closest - rival 
among nine .independent and 
fringe-party candidates obtain- 
ing only 1,692 -in a 46 per cent 

The Liberal Government has 
already signalled a new econ- 
omic direction for Quebec It 
introduced a budget a week 
before ' Christinas which cut 
taxes and sent a message to 
investors that - in the words of 
the budget speech, “We want to 
put the emphasis on economic 
growth and employment”. 

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planning and vigilance 

America keeps its 
cool in face of 
the growing threat 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

Surprisingly for a country so 
large, diverse, and wracked by 
i nrifli and criminal violence, 
the United Stales is one of the 
Western democracies least pla- 
gued by “terrorism”. While 
Britain, West Germany, Spam 
and Italy all struggle wit h 
underground indigenous terror- 
ist groupings, there is no 
organized American terrorist 
network here, nor has inter- 
national terrorism made any 
headway within the United 
States itself Americans may be 
prime targets abroad - at home 
they have little to fear. 

The recent threats by Colonel 
Gadaffi to unleash suicide 
squads has shaken any com- 
placency, however. Talk of plots 
to blow up the US Capitol and 
the Administration's revelation 
that Of the 126 terrorist attacks 
foiled by the US in the past 
year, 23 were in the US itself 
have also caused widespread 
public alarm. 

But of the 23 aborted plots, 
nine at most were planned by 
foreign terrorists. Only one was 
an Arab - a Libyan diplomat 
expelled last June for allegedly 
trying to kill Libyan dissidents - 
who accounted for three of the 
cases. In 1985 terrorists man- 
aged to carry out only seven 
actual attacks inside the US, 
compared with 112 in 1977. 

Mr Robert Oakley, bead of 
the State Department's counter- 
terrorism unit, said domestic 
terrorism was still “a serious 
problem”, with the principal 
threats coming from Puerto 
Rican terrorists, inchoate neo-. 
Nazi and white supermarist 
groups and other individuals 
with no dear political goals. But 
since the defeat of the ultra-left- 
ist terrorists of the 1960s, the 
Weathermen, the Black Pan- 
thers and the Symbionese 
Liberation Army which kid- 
napped Patty Hearst, no signifi- 
cant sections of American 
society have resorted to terror- 
ism to pursue their aims. 

Even the pursuit of foreign 
feuds on US soil has been 
controlled, though with large 
communities of" I rani a n s. 
Libyans, Palestinians. Sikhs and 
Armenians, the potential danger 
is there: last year the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation (FBI) 
arrested Sikh extremists, 
Libyans, and Puerto Ricans 
backed by Cuba who were 
planning attacks. But in Colonel 
Gadaffi’s campaign to kill 
exiled Libyan dissidents, oniy 
one in 30 of the attacks he 
sponsored between 1980 and 
June last year took place in the 
US, where some 1,200 Libyans 
are studying. 

One reason for the compara- 
tive calm is that there are no 
terrorist groups in the US able 
to play on the sympathies of a 
section of the community, such 
as the ERA or ETA in Spain, or 
able to thrive in an atmosphere 
of disaffected youth, such as the 
Red Army Faction in West 

Secondly, the United States is 
geographically far away from 
trouble spots such as the Middle 
East, and much harder to enter 
than Europe, where border 
controls are often lax. Almost 
every foreigner needs a visa - 
the Immigration Service keeps a 
strict watch, and the FBI is 
particularly vigilant at times of 
heightened threat. Last week US 
border patrols were tightened 
on the Canadian border after 19 

Libyan students arrived in 
Toronto- _ 

Thirdly, public anger _ at 
terrorism world-wide makes it a 
daunting challenge for any 
home or foreign terrorist group 
to risk an operation in the Ut>. 
Known extremists such as die 
Ku Klux Kian are kept under 
close surveillance. And the 
conviction last month of 10 
leading members of the neo- 
Nazi The Order sent a clear 
message to other hate-groups, 
heard also by black extremists 
such as Louis Farrakhan. 

Nevertheless, Middle East 
terrorism still remains a threat 
Taican seriously here, as Presi- 
dent Reagan himself said last 
week. So far the only visible 
precautions taken have been a 
stricter check on people enter- 
ing. government buildings, and 
the erection of 2ft-high concrete 
barriers outside the White 
House and the State Depart- 
ment to keep out suicide 

Ironically, those most associ- 
ated in American minds with 
terrorism - Arabs and Commu- 
nists - have been the principal 
victims . here. Soviet organiza- 
tions such as airline offices and 
the "United Nations mission 
have received regular bomb, 
threats and have . suffered 
several actual attacks, mostly by 
the militant Jewish Defence 



•Patty' Hearst, kidnap vic- 
tim who joined forces with 
her kidnappers. 

Arab-American organizations 
have also reported a surge in' 
threats and assaults. The large 
Arab community in Dearborn. 
Michigan - where members of 
the family of Mr Nabih Bern of 
Lebanon live - has grown 
accustomed to hate-mail, death- 
threats and vandalism. The Los 
Angeles office of the American- 
Arab Anti -Discrimination 

Committee was fire bombed 
during the Achilla Laura crisis 
in October, and Mr Alex Odch. 
its director, was killed. A 
suspicious fire also devastated 
the committee's Washington 

Mr W illiam Webster, director 
of the FBI, .suggested last 
summer that Muslim funda- 
mentalists bad already set up a 
sufficient apparatus in the US 
to take reprisals here, should 
America launch a strike in the 
Middle East. So far there has 
been little sign of this. But with 
the heightened concern over the 
safety of Americans abroad, the 
Reagan Administration is tak- 
ing no chances at home either. 


Tamils hold 

Colombo - Separatist Tamil 
guerrillas have kidnapped a 
Western journalist, Sri Lanka's 
Defence Ministry said yesterday 
(Vijitha Yapa writes). Police 
identified her as 54-year-old 
Yelvert _ Willis, though her 
nationality is unknown.. 

She had arrived in Mullaitivu 
in the eastern province on 
January 17 and visited St 
Peter's Church, asking for 
accommodation. The next day. 
the priest reported die was 

She may have tried to learn 
for herself about the Tamil 
guerrillas. The ministry said one 
of the 1 five main guerrilla 
groups, the Eelam Revolution- 
ary Organisation of Students 
was responsible for the kidnap- 

On Monday, the Ministry 
accused Tamil guerrillas of 
using foreign mercenaries in an 
exchange of fire outside the 
army base at the Jaffna Fort on 
northern Sri Lanka. Residents 
said two West German journal- 
ists. who had come across by 
boat from India's southern state 
of Tamil Nadu with ihe 
guerrillas. They were "taking 
photographs when the exchange 
office occured. 

The Ministry said no per- 
mission has been given for any, 
foreign journalists to visit the 
northern nmvince. 

Opera report 
hits the 
right note 

From Stephen Taylor 

Harmony has been restored 
at the Australian Opera. An 
economic threat to the com- 
pany. which produced a bitter 
rift between management and 
singers, appears to bave passed. 

Facing a deficit of SA2.5 
million (£1.2 million) and 
continuing operating losses, the 
management decided last year 
that the Opera would have to go 
part-time. But an independent 
inquiry commissioned by the 
Australia Council, the main 
federal arts body, has concluded 
that it can be saved as a full- 
time company with the assist- 
ance of Canberra and state 

Acceptance by these bodies of 
the formula, which emails a 
$A750,000 increase in the 
annual subsidy of $A5 million 
and a one-off payment to erase 
the deficit, has not been 
announced officially, but is 
widely predicted. 

The inquiry report, reviewing 
the. history of the company; 
criticized what it termed “rather 
cccemnc repertoire decisions'* 
m the late 1970s and earK- 
1980s which had been designed 
«£■"* j* showcase* for 
Dame Joan Sutherland. 

I s su PPortivc 
Of both sides in what became a 
dispute between singers and 

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On Sunday Channel 4 begins a new series on music in western society, Man and Music, this major 
project is introduced by Sir Denis Forman, chairman of Granada and instigator of the programmes 

Nine centuries’ overview of creative influences. 

\ v 

.. i s: •’ 

Sir Denis Forman: no intention 
of banting about in 
archeological gloom 

History and historians have tradi- 
lionaly given the art of music a pretty 
scurvy deal. Political historians from 
Oibbon and Macaulay to the present 
day have had Hide lime for any of the 
arts. but. even when the social view of 
history began to prevail, historians 
found that literature and the visual 
arts were well designed to illustrate 
and bring alive the life of the serf, the 
industrial worker, the landed gentry 
and so on. but music not. 

The history of music itself was to 
be found in a separate compartment 
and was mainly concerned with the 
evolution of the forms and mechanics 
of music - polyphony, the develop- 
mcnl of counterpoint, how sonata 
form was perfected, equal tempera- 
menu whal the valve horn did for 
Wagner, and so on. None of this 
information was related to the 
circumstances of war. peace, or the 
demands of the religious or Jay 
hierarchy which ruled the lives of 
those who played the music, paid for 
the music, and listened to it. There 
"as also a second distinct form of 
musical history. which examined the 
lives of composers in detail, with 
much foreground material covering 
such items as their diseases and 
emotional problems, but seldom 
placing their lives in a wider social 

Thus there was no ready answer to 
the broad question of how the 
astonishing achievements of Euro- 

pean music over the centuries came 
about. Whal had motivated its 
composers, performers and audi- 
ences? Why- did it move from the 
church into the courts of kings and 
noblemen, and thence into the 
concert halls, and finally into the 
home? How much had the course of 
European music been influenced by 
religious dogma? By its value in 
promoting good public relations for 
the court? By market forces? 

Whal was required, as it seemed to 
me some ten years ago. appeared to bi 
an overview of music in relation to 
the social, political and economic 
factors that influenced its course over 
nine centuries. 

As the resolution to develop a 
social history of music strengthened, 
professional help arrived in the form 
of Stanley Sadie, at that lime actively 
engaged in putting the finishing 
touches to his great new edition of 
Grove’s Dictionary of. Music. Together 
we defined the terms of reference. We 
decided, un fashionably, to confine 
our history to the European main- 
stream . We would, of course, lake 
account of the. influence of music 
from other continents. but we would 
not hum about in the archaeological 
gloom of the Greek modes or extend 
our enquiries into the more truly 
anthropological territory of nose- 
flutes in Polynesia. 

Next, the salient viewpoints on the 
long road from the twelfth century to 

the present day were mapped, the 
music of significance was identified, 
the relative importance of each period 
and each country was carefirily 
assessed. The history was to be 
presented in three ways: in book form 
(now to be published by Macmillans 
in nine volumes), in sound only - as' 
records or cassettes with adequate -but 
nol extensive supporting literature - 
and finally in the form of video 
cassettes, approximately one hundred 
in number and each of one hour's 

The final video library would end 
up on the shelf in chronological order 
but the first presentation or the 
programmes on television would not. 
Here they would appear in clutches of 
from four to six grouped around a 
theme. The first four, for instance, 
will reflect the changing relationship 
between the princely patrons and the 
court composers, using as examples 
Monteverdi in Mantua. Composers at 
the Court of Louis Qualorzc. Haydn at 
Estcrha=y and Liszt in Weimar. 

Tony Cash, the overall producer, 
began shooting in 1984 and the pilot 
films for the video scries reached the 
cutting room later that year. Although 
the concept of Man and Music is 
certainly not small-scale, it would be a 
mistake’ to promote the expectation 
that these first four films will be grand 
productions. By turning our backs on 
costume drama and by slicking to a 
purely documentary approach, we 

have three, and only three, visual 
ingredients at our command - the 
. towns, palaces and rooms in which 
the music was. originally performed., 
contemporary pictures and- visual' 
material and (most important) actual 

Here we clearly have an obligation 
■ to reproduce' the music as nearly as 
possible with the original sound, 
which limits our choice of artists but 
fortunately not too stringently, for the 
recent revival of interest in ancient 
instruments has attracted many 
musicians and performers of the first 

The appeal, we hopj^ in the video 
series docs not lie in lavish pro- 
duction but rather in a fresh approach 
to familiar territory and In the interest 
of seeing and hearing music ; per- 
formed as nearly as possible; in the 
manner of its original presentation. 
Thus wc hear and see Monteverdi's 
Vespers performed in the great church 
of Santa Andrea in Mantua: where 
they were first heard nearly three 
hundred years ago. and a piano sonata 
played in the room at Esterhazy where 
Haydn's piano stood and on an 
instrument as hear as possible to the 

I hope the first four films will leave 
the viewer ' with an appetite for a 
. further 96. We are already at work on 
the next lo and it is our ambition, if 
Saint Cecilia smiles, to reach the 
century before the second decade is 

Guy ta Mey as Orfeo on the first programme, 
Monteverdi atfMantua , 

Endellion Quartet 

St John's/Radio 3 

The Endellion Quartet belongs 
to a rising generation of 
performers for whom Britten- is 
an historical ralher than a 
contemporary figure-. As -ihc 
influence of performances by 
Britten himscIF and -his close 
circle begins to recede wc can. I 
think, expect new approaches 
and unexpected nuances in- 
creasingly to emerge. 

Britten's Third Quartet is 
particularly important in this 
context, because its early per- 
formances. coming soon after 
the composer's death, .were 
understandably invested with 
heavy elegiac significance. This 
tended, perhaps, to exaggerate 
the “death knoll" aspect of the 
music (particularly- in the Iasi 
movement, with its Death in 


Festival Hall 

Wc critics - with every justifi- 
cation - often lake orchestras, 
or rather the powers that 
control them, to task for 
unadventurous programmes. 
And indeed nobody could claim 
that the two works Eugen 
Jochum conducted with the 
Philharmonia Orchestra here 
were novel choices. Yet- 1 have 
to admit that I would still die 
happy if . my final moments 
were accompanied by Mozart's 
"Jupiter" Symphony or the 
Seventh Symphony of 

Jochum. standing in for the 
indisposed Larin Maazel.. 
remains a marvel, an individu- 
alist who is still able to shed 


Venice quotations) at the 
expense of balancing qualities. 

It was refreshing, then, to 
find the Endellion - at a 
decade's distance - offering a 
cooler, but no less revealing, 
appraisal. They still found 
plenty of vitality in the “Ostina- 
to" and the neo-Shostakovich 
“Burlesque”:, and the liberally 
applied “other-worldly” effects 

- the eerie glissa’ndi and 
unnerving chords of harmonics 

- were superbly calculated. 

Bui the -overriding im- 
pression was one of unhurried 
eloquence and emotional re- 
straint. particularly in the 
“Solo!' (where. Andrew Watkin- 
son traversed the stratospheric 
violin writing with exquisite 
tone and infallible intonation) 
and the final passacagJia, The 
latter was unfolded, from the 
studied naivety of its initial 

new fight on these scores. In the 
Mozart. I was at first afraid that 
wc were in for a staid 
performance sach as one might 
expect from most octogena- 
rians., for the response to the 
opening assertion of the tonic 
seemed positively sluggish. But 
what followed was a movement 
filled with a sense of space, with 
Jochum . paying meticulous 
attention to details such as the 
smallest grace-notes or the 
■balance of foe bassoons in the 
second subject. 

The slow movement was 
.similarly relaxed, its contrasts 
of colour carefully illuminated 
while the PbiJharmonia's strings 
phrased with impressive una- 
nimity and conviction. Every 
gesture here seemed carefully 
measured, yet the sense of 
momentum -remained unim- 

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thematic presentation to the 
rich-tcxtured polyphony sus- 
tained at the movement's 
climax, without any trace of 
forced feeling. 

Haydn's Quartet Op 74 No 3 
(“The Rider") complemented 
Britten well, for despite its 
nickname’s breezy implications 
the work is serious-minded and 
at times plangentiy chromatic. 
The Endeilions seemed to lose 
momentum in the first move- 
ment. though foe flurries of 
figuration were tucked in neatly 
enough: but they splendidly 
conveyed their relish of the 
finale's volatile changes of 
mood. The jewel of this 
performance, however, was the 
Largo. Haydn's long chains of, 
diminished chords and suspen- 
sions were delivered with 
enormous sonority. 

Richard Morrison 

paired, as it did in the Minuet, 
for once sounding not at all like 
a tired old rituaL And then 
came a finale which began 
almost frenetically but which 
surely gathered its strength and 
a sense of elation, helped by the 
sort of gritty cross-accents and 
dose imitations one might 
expect perhaps, from Maazel 

That kind of approach is 
positively demanded by Beetho- 
ven's Seventh, of course, and 
from the very first chord, 
delivered with the decisiveness 
of an executioner's axe. it was 
obvious that the piece was going 
to gel it After the introduction’s 
sforzando lightning-flashes and 
marcato scales there was 
exuberance in abundance; and 
mystery and tenderness, too. in 
the way Jochum set the last 
reminiscence of the Scherzo’s 
trio section in an apposite 
romantic haze. But it was 
Dionysus, naturally, who had 
the last word. 

Stephen Pettitt 


Balls and Chains 

Lyric Studio, 

Three characters can provide 
three duologues between them 
but two will only produce one. 
To sidestep this limiting fact of 
mathematics, and to keep 
audiences alert, it is in the 
nature of the two-person play to 
perform games of identity. The 
characters put themselves for- 
ward as other selves, imaginary 
selves, past selves, hidden and 
otherwise unavowable selves; 
and all this helps us to think we 
have had a good play for our 

Howard Lester and Andrew 
Aliy made their previous wo- 
man play. The Go-Go Boys, a 
hit on both sides of the Atlantic. 
After that clever demonstration 
of what men have felt for men, 
it is logical to write another in 
which men show what they feel 
for womfcn. Again it is funny, at 

Local Murder 

Playhouse, Oxford 

We live simultaneously in the 
Nuclear Age and the Soap Age; 
the former reminds us that 
humanity may be cancelled at 
short notice, the latter per- 
suades us that we can always 
tune in next week - that there 
will be a next week. We do not 
have to be misanthropes to find 
this implicit faith in continuity 
depressing. Life goes on, U 
seems to say. And on. 

Drama, on the other band, 
demands death, and Peter 
Whalley, the stalwart Coron- 
ation Street script-writer who 
wrote his first stage play two 
years ago, gives us three: one 
(the crime of the title) occurs 
offstage before the action 
begins: the second, also offstage. 

moments, sharply observed, 
usually at those same moments, 
and cleverest in parodies. But 
the two tides reveal more than 
the difference in theme. Women 
are a burden, heterosexual love 
is a problem, girls arc to be 
feared. Marriage is not much 
cop either. 

Aliy and Lester write, direct 
and peform their own material. 
Helen Turner, however, pro- 
vides the set. a stage stripped of 
all furniture but a sagging 
armchair and the television, 
against a wall where suggestions 
of past and future furnishings 
are scrawled in black .and white. 

The room belongs to Harry, 
first seen slumped on one of the 
bits of furniture staring dopiiy 
through swimming-goggles at 
the other. Once the room 
belonged to him and Miriam. 
Needless to say, something, has 
gone wrong. Nor are matters 
right with Mark's marriage - 
although running away from the 
altar as the bride enters the 
church could be seen as saving a 

provides a neat if rather cheap 
coup de thti&lre at the start of 
Act II; the third, onstage, 
attempts to resolve at least 
some of the moral obliquities at 
the climax of the piece. 

The setting, designed by 
Elroy Ashmore, is tht "lounge 
of a semi in a small northern 
town - swede-coloured furni- 
ture, interesting patterned wall- 
paper. a bar in the corner, a 
Sacred Heart on the wall, Avon 
chimes at the front door - 
where the lady of bouse 
(Carolyn Jones, formerly Sharon 
Metcalfe in Crossroads) is 
shrugging off the advances of 
her best friend's husband 
(William Gaunt, the father in 
No Place Like Horrid!. 

On any other afternoon, we 
gather, she would succumb as 
usual, but today her mind is 
preoccupied with the police's 

marriage, from ever happening 

Cut into the present state of 
affairs' are incidents from the 
shared -childhood that point 
towards the present impasse. 
The actors' teamwork as they go 
back to boasting adolescents 
and even scowline infants is 
ingenious, and foe different ages 
are subtly varied. Most impres- 
sive of all is the nightmare that 
draws in events from the first 
half and mixes them up with 
red-lit spectres, duels and 
snatches from Brief Encounter. 

But a fatal weakness of foe 
enterprise is the character of 
Mark; his dimly gay hankerings 
seem improbably naive, even 
for the Midlands town where 
these events are supposed to 
occur. Watching the two per- 
formers together, plump and 
sardonic against neat and 
nervous, is always interesting. 
But I came to' long for a glimpse 
of Miriam, or Mark's Mum, or 
even the open-mouthed vicar at 
the wedding. 

JTeremy Kingston 

suspicion that it was her 18- 
year-old son (Billy Fellows} who 
strangled a load piece oF fluff 
after the Saturday night disco. 
Her cuckolded husband, an 
ageing amusement-arcade 
owner (Don Henderson): be- 
comes the staunchest cam- 
paigner for the lad's innocence, 

Michael Meachum's ' pro- 
duction contents 'itself with 
soap acting ’ •“ four-square, 
formalized naturalism - which 
seems the only route to go, but a 
half-decent curtain line bobs up 
every few minutes; what, we 
miss are not the close-ups or the 
commercial breaks so much as 
■ the editing. And, with the 
characters behaving -with quite 
exceptional dimness, die sum 
effect, like Coward's Norfolk, is 
very flat. 

Martin Cropper 


The British film industry, that 
most fragile of creatures, seems 
once more to be slipping into 
decline. Goldcresl arc learning 
caution, having had their 
fingers burnt on expensive 
.productions like Revolution and 
Absolute Beginners, while, for 
the moment at least. Thom- 
EM1 have withdrawn from film 
production, a decision which 
seems all the more regrettable in 
the light of Dreamchild. which 
opens at the Curzon in London 
on Friday. The story of .Alice 
Liddell, the child who was the 
inspiration for Alice's Adven- 
tures in Wonderland. Dream- 
child transports us, via nig- 
htmarish recreations of Won- 
derland itself back from the 
Lewis Carroll Centenary Cel- 
ebrations in the New York of 
the (930's to Victorian Oxford, 
and is one of the most 
intelligent and enjoyable of 
recent British films. 

Gavin Millar, the director, 
was attracted to Dreamchild by 
what he characterizes as the 
“weird originality" of Dennis 
Poller's screenplay. “I appreci- 
ated ii as an exercise in styles 
too — dealing with different 
periods as well as the fantasy 
stuff - because that’s such good 
fun for a film-maker. And l 
liked it because of its tenderness 
and its complex range of 
emotions and motives, its 

Part of that ambiguity centres 
upon the Reverend Charles 
Dodgson. alias Lewis Carroll, 
and his relationship with the 
young Alice. A shy and 
scholarly man. who. apart from 
his “Alice" books, published 
works on mathematics and 
logic. Dodgson devoted, as he 
himself put it. "three-fourths” 
of his life to children. In iheir 
presence he lost his habitual 
stammer, becoming a teller of 
funny stories, a singer of comic 
songs: *T don't think”, _ Millar 
says, "there is any question but 
that he was in love with Alice 
and in- every possible sexual 
way, but without any physical 
contact In glib, contemporary 
terms he was a paedophile, but 
if anyone were to suggest that he 
'interfered' with Alice, then i 

Gavin Miliar (right) 
was attracted to the 
idea of directing 
Dreamchild, which 
opens in London on 
Friday, by its 
‘weird originality’: 
interview by 
Simon Banner 

in style 

think they’d be right out of 
court. I reckon that any 
suggestion in his own mind that 
that sort of thing was even 
possible would have been 
ruthlessly supressed as the work 
of the devil." 

What Potter has sought to 
explore more particularly is 
Alice Liddell's own comprehen- 
sion of Dodgson’s character. 
"He lurried all that passion and 
emotion into bis books, and 
what she finally grasps is that, 
whatever the source of that 
love, it had been expressed in a 
buautifol manner." Helping her 
to come to this realization are 
waking dreams populated by 
extremely feral versions of the 
Wonderland characters created 
by the former Muppct-man Jim 
Henson. "Wc thought that the 
best models -were the TennicI 
illustrations, so we started from 
there, making them as TennieU 
like as was necessary to remind 
people of the source, but as 
fierce as wc felt an old lady’s, 
nightmares would -have made 
them. Wc were certain we 
didn't -want them to be appeal- 
ingly cute. Disney characters." 
The March Hare, for example^, 
has come out with blood on his 
neck to suggest it is the mating 

might get hold of Dreamchild as 
a paedophile's delight and push 
that .angle.. Fortunately that 
hasn't happened.** 

The 47-year-old Millar has 
been making films, mostly for 
the BBC. for a . good twenty 
years. Before that there was 
childhood in Clydebank.’ service 
with foe RAF. and study at 
Oxford, during which time he 
played Stefano opposite Melvyn 
Bragg in a "justly neglected" 
version of The . Tempest. 
Between 1976 and 1980 he 
produced. . directed and pre- 
sented the BBC series Arena 
Cinema, before deciding to 
concentrate again on directing. 
His first full-length film was 
Secrets, made for David Puti- 
nam's First Love scries and 
given a cinema release in foe 
United Stales. 

Millar remains sceptical 
about what the Press likes to 
The creatures were .animated fo e British film revival, 
by people r very much in foe. "The tact is that at no time has 
plural. In effect this left Millar British film industry been 
directing not just three charar- *p te 10 survive on its own. It's 
ters at the ’ Mad Hatter's tea- always needed either foreign 
party but 18. “There were so or foreign distribution to 
many separately functioning - m ?* c - 11 viable, so we're never 
bits of bodies and faces: somg to be in a very eomfort- 
evebrows, lips and so on. All ablc position, and ■ at foe 
tfiat had to be choreographed. It ; moment wrseem to be hanging 
was quite hard going because we .. - on “X foe ™n oftiur teeth." 
only had two weeks in which to. .With foe success of'Dretun- 
shoot the fantasy sequences!?. • - child, behind hint- Miliar -looks 

set to experience, the relative 
At a cost of £19m, Dream- comfort of' American’ ' film- 
child represents an impressive making for a while. Within the 
transformation of money into, next month he expects to get the 
light, although the figure is still' go-ahead .on The. Silent. Man. 
relatively high for a British' the story of a black tennis player 
production add means' the film . .from Soweto, a script- offered 
needs to' find an audience ’ Kim* by 20th-Century Fox.' 
beyond the domestic one, and Although he insists .that he ?s 
beyond the art house too. Just not going to turn his back on 
as well -then that -in foc-aJl-— lelevision.4be-rinejna..js.-obvi. 
important American market it ously an attractive prospect, 
is proving a surprise -success, “Asa-television-direciocyou^ 
helped along by critical enthusi- always bidding for the audi^ 
asm and whispers of. possible-, cnee's attention; the. cinema 
Oscar nominations, “it has the image -dominates, so. you 
been described as a fairy-tale for can get away. . with, much more, 
grown-ups of all ages, which It's possible to be more leisurely 
makes it sound. athcr.likeJC&c- and- contemplative.. .ja._..the'. 
Company of Wolves, though I cinema. You can stretch, tease 
believe chat was'sold rather and thin an- image.' to within an 
oddly, as if it were some kind w inch of its^ife were, which 
sexual fantasy. There was a fear is something you can't afford to 
on our parts that someone do on television." 

Cinderella’s charm 

If longevity was anything. to R° 
by, which in fairy-tales it is not, 
Cinderella would long ago hare 
crumbled into, dost But last 
.night's .Arena (BBC 2) demon- 
strated how the poor little thing 
has consistently survived mid- 
night's fatal bell, if only 
eventually to enter the Disney 
pantheon. It is perhaps part of 
her self-effacing charm, how- 
ever. that she is identified 
chiefly through her various 
appurtenances’— the slipper, the 
pumpkin, and of course the 
Ugly Sisters who ’ represent a 
tradition even longer than the 
darHag girl herself. - 

She does of course, go back a 
very. long way. -even, as Marina 
Warner suggested, to the eighth 
century - although she has for 
the most part been able toadhpt 
herself to any contingency so' 
that her dainty footprints aTe to.: 
be found, in a variety 7 of stories 
and fantasies. The H fairy-tale* , _ 
itseif is so powerfofa. force that-., 
it can bend,' reality into its ; own ... 
shape, and ' foe .* legend . of' 
Cinderella- has been used as an 
index df sodaF “mobility^ 'no 
less than as ah agent for. the ■ 
magical transformations of 
fiction or drama. ' 

.• ' She “.is. not the only one - 
there are any number ot giants . 
and witches peering over bar. 

shoulders - but she is one ofthe 
most potent. Marina Warner 
located the sources of that 
power in a variety of places: 
Cinderella as the representative 
of 7 dost or dirt (that which 
always - remains), as an anima- 
listic taboo, as an emblem of 
asexual or pre-sexual Xemalc- 
ness, even as a representative of 
the theories of Bruno Bette I- 

She also probed the nature of 
the original fairy-story, suggest- 
ing that at its core there lurked 
the fathers incestuous longings 
for the child, She (Warner, not 
Cinderella) was perhaps a little 
too. serious about these “mean- 
ings", rather In the manner or 
George Craickshank Who 
adapted fairy-stories to incul- 
cafe the lessons, of temperance, 
bur tite multitude of examples 
she. adduced was enough to 
withstand her articulate assault. 

- As a result this was an 
entertaining and , instructive 
programme with the, proviso 
that one -does not necessarily 
understand something by invok- 
ing -its origins, what 1 the 
doenmeataj? did suggest, also, 
.was the Inexhaustible and 
endless process of telling stories 
through which we enter the 

:■ Peter Ackroyd 

JazZv- V 


Katz /McKenna 

Pied Boll , - 

This, the first .public perform- 
ance; by a prodigious group of 
talents; and the start . of .a. 
residency for them, at ’ this 
Islington pub. was an event of 
notable promise. The virtuoso 
1 guitarist- -.-John ^Etheridge- has 
maintained : a low- profile since 
his spell; in the . late 1 970s with. 
Soft ..Machine and subsequently 
Siephane . Grappelli's ' band, 
while two veteran session 
players, the drummer Ted 
McKenna and the keyboardist 
Tommy Eyre, both at one time 
members of the.. Sensational' 
Alex Harvey Band, have more 
recently found gainful employ- 
ment in the bands of. such 
diverse performers as Michael. 
Schenker and Wham! respect- 
ively. Even foe portly. Dill Katzi. 
perhaps ,-bcsi known for’ his 
bass-playing ; with . Barbara. 
Thompson, has tried' his hhhd 
briefly in the Wham! band. . - 
The application by four ^ such- 
versatile players "to the aim "of; 
rehearsing and presenting, a. set 
of ; jazz Favourites produced 
interesting results, not least in 
the choice of material, which- 
ranged from a guitar-heavy jazz- 
rock interpretation of Weather 
Reports. "Mr Gone” to the. late' 
night swing of Thelonius: 
Monk's “Round Midnight’’;, an 

arrangement mote faithful to 
The, Red Garland/John Coltrane 
original than many contempor- 
ary versions. . , 

The stabbing piano chords of 
another. -Mortk composition, 
“Criss-Cross" and foe’ swift, 
nimble keyboard constructions 
in. BrubecTc’s - "Blue Rondo a la 
Turk” found Eyre in command, 
though the nods and -shouts 
made to.. indicate where changes’ 
were abdut to come failed to 
prevent, the la her song from 
ending in. a cheerful first-night 
■shambles. ..’ • > 

• ’: Etheridge played wifo.supcr- 
■ latiy^grace throughout, his best 

solos invariably ■ offered ; in 
profile with . his fret-board, in 
true jazzersf Tradition,’ .averted 
.from- the audiencc'S gaze,; Two 
; John. Scofield. numbers,' a funky 
“Writes Who'-' and “Looks Like 
Meringue”, antf Mike Breeder’s 
■“Four Chords”, found ; Ethe- 
ridge’s rangy figure 'hunched 
over the -guitar as successions of 
quivering tremolorswept notes 
climbed- in steps of increasing . 

•.intensity. -" f • 

The only. /originaT..' compo- 
sition. Eyre’s "Blue Sunshine 
Samba"*,--, boasted; a.: haunting 
melody _ and an invigoratingly, 
swift La tin-style denouement; if 
these four stay; iosPihet-[and 
work up more, material of this, 
calibre-, - the Pied" 1 .Bull ; on. 
Mondays may neVct .be-,, foe 
same again.-.. .. , 

.David Siaeiair 



. - Charles Geundd"' ‘ ’ l' >*•"»' 

'■ ' ’SAMXJEL’RAMEy*- . t ■ 

. .Conductor:- :fy 

7.1M);:FEB la 

Reservations; 01*240 10661191^1 ' Access/ 

. • J 


Please send to the Royal College of Nufting 
Petition, 20 Cavendish Sq., London Vi'lM OAB. 



An awkward compromise 

So you can see why we’re worried. Nurses are 
being forced to compromise their professional, 
caring standards in the interests of cost effective J 
management, and though we’re all in favour of 
greater efficiency, we’d rather it wasn’t at our ; 
patients’ expense. 

That’s why we want to see a director of nursing . 
appointed in. every health unit in Britain before 
the situation gets even worse. 

Someone with the power and the nursing ex 
perience to make health care more efficient. Whilst ' 
the administrators concentrate on making it more 
cost-effective. Then patients can benefit from the 
best of both worlds instead of suffering the end 
results of an awkward compromise.’ 

If you agree, please add your ‘ name to our 
petition by sending us the coupon. 

And, if you’re as worried as we are, please write 
to your Member of Parliament now (the address 
is the House of Commons, Westminster, I onuon 

TF <■ Cf* I agree. Nursing should be run by nurses. 


A student nurse to be more precise. 

Untrained and unqualified, but still expected 
to deal with any emergencies that might crop up 
during the night. 

It’s not a particularly comforting thought if 
you happen to be one of her patients. 

Although this isn’t a new phenomenon, the 
situation is getting worse. Thanks largely to recent 
changes in the way British hospitals are being run. 

The Griffiths Report, published in 1983, was 
aimed at greater efficiency within the National 
Health Service. 

One of its recommendations was that more 
hospitals should be run by people with commercial 
management experience, who had more regard for 
cost efficiency. In principle it seemed a sensible idea. 
In practice there have been serious consequences. 

Nursing since Griffiths 

The most serious is that nursing in many 
hospitals is now under the control of new general 
managers who have no previous experience of 
nursing. As a result they tend to view nurses in terms ' - 
of cost rather than care. - • 

Hence, the lonely student nurse on night shift. ’ 

She’s cheaper by the hour than a qualified 
nurse and it doesn’t seem unreasonable to employ 
fewer nurses at night than during the day. 

Unfortunately, if you’re the patient, you’re ’ 
no less likely to be ill at night than you are during 
the day. 




Presidential elections take place in the Philippines next month. Will the authoritarian rule of M arcos be replace#? 

the bullet 

The Foreign Office is discreetly 
anxious about it. but feels 
impotent. It b not “our show", 
and the anguish in Whitehall b 
trivial by comparison with the 
mighty apprehension in. 


Why should the fortunes of a 
country strung out on the Pacific 
rim. with no serious territorial 
designs on its neighbours, a 
make-do and mend army and a 
traditionally easy- going people, 
concern the political and mili- 
tary strategists of the West? 

Vet the fate of the Philip- 
pines, whose 24 million voters 
go to the polls on February 7, is 
viewed as a matter of critical 
concern, because this tropical 
archipelago is the last big prize 
over which the rival ideologies 
of the 20th century are still 

Everywhere else in the newly- 
industrialized countries of Asia, 
the political argument has been 
settled. Marx or mammon has 
won. ' In the countries that 
repudiated communism, armed 
rebellion has been beaten 
militarily and by the more 
compelling argument of full 
bellies and consumer goods. 
Only in the Philippines is there 
a growing Comaianist insur- 
gency. And this - the third - b 
proving the most difficult to 
halt. What to do about it is the 
dominant topic in the current 
presidential election. 

President Ferdinand Marcos, 
seeking a six-year extension of 
his 20-year rule, argues that his 
opposition rival Mrs Corazon 
Aquino b "too weak*' to take on 

the insurgent New People's 
Army, whose armed revolt cost 
4,500 lives in 1985. 

Mrs Aquino fa roars "an 
honest reconciliation with ail 
insurgent forces, conditional 
unequivocally on their renounc- 
ing violence". The Communist 
Party of the Philippines, which 
is the political parent of the 
NPA, would be legalized aqd 
might even be given a minor, 
□on-cabinet role in government. 
Thb b too much for the veteran 
anti -Communist Mr Marcos, 
who denounces his rival as a 
tool of the guerrillas who would 
create "another Cambodia" in 
Asia's only Christian country. 

The Americans, whose two 
largest foreign bases - the Clark 
Airfield and Subic Bay Naval 
Facility - would be at long-term 
risk should the insurgency 
triumph, face a dilemma. In the 
snap election next month, a 
Marcos victory could further 
polarize Filipino society and 
hasten revolution, some Con- 
gressmen argue. Other Ameri- 
can voices, most notably Presi- 
dent Reagan, insist that the 
choice Is limited to Marcos or 

Many Filipinos desperately, 
want to believe there is an 
alternative to the not-very-en- 
Ughtened despotism of Presi-. 
dent Marcos and his ruling New 
Society Party, and the "People's 
Democratic Republic of the 
Philippines", for which the 
Communists are fighting an 
undeclared civil war. 

But President Marcos ex- 
pects to- win more than 60 per 


Pressure group: a combat unit of thfc Communist New People's Army in a Filipino village 

cent or the popular vote. How 
this will be achieved b another 
matter. Filipino elections arc 
notoriously "irregular"; ballot 
boxes sometimes find their way 
to the bottom of the sea: for 
votes of 1.572 people in Manila 
were this week traced to the 
thumb-print of one man. 

The Americans, whose every 
sign or interest in their former 
coforij is regarded as "med- 
dling". are sending a high-rank- 

ing team of observers in an 
effort to ensure that the poll is 
as dean and lair as possible. 

The Communists have de- 
nounced the election as a farce 
and are calling on their cadres 
to organize .a boycott And the 
kilting goes on. The "Armed 
City of Partisans*' have orders 
to step np operations, and there 
will be more attacks on the 
armed forces and municipal 

Twin troubles of insurgents and inflation 

S ix months ago. Filipino generals 
boasted that the armed forces could 
inflict military defeat on the 
Communist New People's Army 
"within a year or 1 S months.” 

Rather less is heard of that bullish 
line these days. If anything, the danger 
posed by the 20.000 insurgents in the 
hills and the assassination “sparrow 
units” in the cities is played up by 
President Marcos in his speeches, to 
justify the need for a six-year extension 
of his authoritarian rule. 

American intelligence sources suggest 
that as many as one in five . of the 
country's 40.000 villages have been 
"penetrated and politicized", and the 
NPA itself is expanding at the rate of 20 
per cent a year. The growth of "red 
fighters” is constrained more by a lack 
of weapons than any shortage of 
volunteers, but their raids and am- 
bushes grow increasingly daring. 

The outlawed Communist Party of 
the Philippines, which is directing, the 
insurrection, was founded in a small 
village in central Luzon on Boxing Day,. 
1968, by 10 young Maoist dissidents of 
the old PKJ\ mainly middle-class 
intellectuals and students. 

The insurgents now claim that they 
will reach a military stalemate with the 

200.000-strong armed forces of the 
Philippines by 1990. 

Jose E. Romero, an academic, argues: 
“The Philippine insurgency is not a 
passing phenomenon. With its present 
armed strength and as many as one 
million supporters in nearly all prov- 
inces. the left feels it is well on its way to 
an eventual takeover". In soliciting 
support,, he adds, the NPA trades 
heavily on discontent with "the 
perceived injustice and tyranny of the 
Marcos government”. The NPA metes 
out summary ."justice" against local 
officials said to exploit the peasantry. 

There are also random killings of 
suspected guerrillas by armed members 
of ihc 65.000-sirong Civilian Home 
Defence Force. These killings, " sal v ag- 
ings” in the grisly jargon of this dirty, 
war. have also created deep, resentment 
in areas like the Sugar island of Negros. 

CHDF irregulars there are held 
responsible for the Escalante massacre 
Iasi September, when 27 demonstrators 
were mown down by automatic rifles.^ 

To combat Ibese abuses. President 
Marcos has promised a “sweeping 
revamp” of the armed forces. Disciplin- 
ary barracks have been set up, and a 
top-level p urge 'of ’over-age desk-bound 
generals is said to be on the way. 

T he economy of the Philippines is 
often likened to a sleeping giant. It 
is now showing signs or stirring. 
But whether it is awakening, or simply 
turning in its sleep, is too soon to tell. 

Estimates for 1985 suggest that the 
economy contracted by a further 3.5 per 
'cent, following a decline the previous 
year of 5.5 per cent, triggered by the 
crisis of confidence after the assassin- 
ation of Bervigno Aquino. Capital 
poured out of the country. 

For this year, forecasters are predict- 
ing a "soft recovery" with economic 
growth of perhaps 1 per cent Much of 
that growth will come from increased 
consumer spending - an election always 
sets the tills ringing - but agriculture is 
also doing reasonably well The 
manufacturing sector is still in the 
doldrums, with companies unwilling to 
invest because of political uncertainty. 

Unemployment is officially put at 7 
per cent, though most observers 
estimate that it is nearer 15 per cent, 
with another 40 per cent under-em- 
ployed. Every road intersection in 
Manila teems with jobless youths selling 
sw-eets and cigarettes. 

However, the government claims 
success in lowering the inflation rate 
from 45 per cent in January, 1 985, to 6.9 

President Ferdinand E. Marcos 
.was born in ,1917- in a.. small 
i .town in Cocos: ■ Norte,' the 
■* conservative .northern province 
of Luzon, the: Oldest son of. aL 
; schoolmaster T politician and ' &;• 
; landowner's daughter,. . 

He proved 'an - excellent : 
scholar in his youth; and; an 
even better shot, carrying off the ' 
national small-bore rifle cham- 
pionship. But his characteristic 
Filipino interest in guns landed 
the 18-year-old Ferdinand in 
jail on a charge of murdering a 
politician who defeated his 
father in a congressional elec- 

While behind bars, he quali- 
fied as a lawyer and successfully 
acquitted himself in the ' Su- 
. preme Court. Called up to the 
armed services three weeks 
before Pearl Harbour, he had a 
distinguished war record, win- 
ning 52 medals of which he is 
inordinately proud. His official 
biography says he survived a 
"suicidal attack" against the 

When his country won', 
independence from the United 
. . Suites in 1946, bis thoughts 

v People's Army in a. Filipino village turned to politics. He was 

elected Congressman for his 
in an Filipinos sometimes corn-' home .province in 1.949 at the 
poll is plain, with some justice, that age : of 32, : specializing in 
ile. outsiders are told little and c*re ^economic policy, "the protec- 
re de- less about the "forgotten war” , tion and extension of civil 
t farce In their country: a conflict that rights, and the enhancement of . 
cadres costs many more lives *b an the . professional ethics in politics ". • 
nd the anti-apartheid struggle in South Elevation to., the. 'Senate^ 
Armed Africa. followed,, and -though a. Liberal’ 

orders They say election is the he was chosen president of that ' 
I there last chance for peaceful change august body which was • con-, 
m the in the Philippines. trailed by the rival NaaoualiS- r: 

nicfpal n vi, . , 1 las; ItiJame.asno surprise.when* 

Paul Routtedge he "crossed foe flooi^ and stood 
as Nacionalista candidate for 
jth . • the presidency in 1965, thrash- 

| T I O tl At*l ing the incumbent MacapagaL 

LA XXX HU A A His first term was relatively 

calm, and be became the first 
per cent and interest rates are down to P Tes J i ^ nt to secure re-election 

My s CotazoP Aqninq, the 52- 
yhsookt. opposition presi den tial 
candidates ’ is- aj -..shy,.' ..devout 
widbw. ra' .poIiTical' novice who 
has neYef before- ru n for. public 
. office, '.biat . she -Wiasl ifie ' only 
T^didate '.behind Whom the 

opposition amid; hope to unite 
and -from .bchind thc widow’s 

about 12 per cent from 37 percent. in 1969. 

This comforting picture may be short- 
lived if the forthcoming election is 
widely perceived to have been dis- 
honest. Businessmen critical to the 
government fear “there will be no 
stopping capital flight”. - 

Even if the poll is fair, inflation wifi- 
be fuelled by the extra money sloshing rib/e of the niling 

around in the system. KBL Party. He has argued oh 

The Philippines js also one of the hustings that it is perhaps 
world's chronic debtors. Officially, time for 6 8-year- President 
oveseas debt stands at US$25.5 bulion ftlarcos to retire: "Politics is a 
(about £17.7 bUlion). The opposition ^mg of reality." In this case, 
says the figure is at least $30 billion., presumably, to make way for- an 
Either way, the government cannot pay older roan. 

The IMF. which is imposing tough. - * a lawyer by training, the alert 
terras on President Marcos for its and fit Mr Totentino entered 
massive standby loans, is - to hold a -die original Filipino US-style 
review of the government’s economic^ legislature in 1949 and served 
adjustment programme in .Manila continuously until it was abol- 
shortly after the election, and local jshed by martial rule -in 1972. 
observers say this review "assumes principally known for his skill 
there will be no change in government". ^ a constitutional lawyer, he 
For her part, Mrs Aquino has vowed W as also probably the best chief 
that, if elected, she will demand a re- w bip i D operate on the political 
negotiation of the huge foreign debt, scene. 

“Our economy cannot possibly endure. He was Foreign Minister for 
nor our people long accept, a situation eight short months in .1984, 
where nearly half our export earnings , go before being sacked, by Marcos 
to interest payments alone", she insists. f or insubordination. 

Arturo Tolenti- 
no, Marcos’s 
running-male, is 
now 75 and. is;, 
long qualified .as 
the ancren 'ter- 
rible of the ruling 
KBL Party. He has argued oh 

A lawyer by training, the alert 
id fit Mr Totentino entered 

weeds ' is emerging ^ 'personality 
"as lough' as •Marcos!’,' in foe 
words, ofah American banker. 

Bora info' the comfortable life I 
of 'the; landowning aristocracy,' ! 
and A'- educated. at- ;A Catholic j 
convent, schools :*and‘ . in the j 
United Suites; her/, whirlwind | 
romance . /and ■ . marriage to j 
B enigno Aquino, when she was j 
2i; was the' match -of the year | 
between twb ‘business dynasties. 1 
It was a Hollywood stoiy that j 
turned sour when the husband, 1 
by then leader of the opposition i 
to President Marcos; was Jailed 
in 1972, She became a "martial 
law widow" for '.eight - years, 
before her beloved" “Ninoy" - 
still under sentence- qE death 7 
vwas permitted to. leave the. 
■country' for- a heart .by-pass 

operation in the United-States. 
The next three yeaiivwere “the 
happiest of n?y life!! she recalls. 

! On August 2 1, 1 983 ,' Benigno 
Aquino returned from '.political 
.exile only to die^from an 
assassin's buDet oh- tbc- tarmac, 
at Manila airport. ' Xiktf.inany ' 
other Filipinos, * MrStf Aquino 
believed the hancL.bT Marcos 
and his cronies in.tite niilitary 
'•were behind tfae.t&ttnfejf', it' 

. though a court recently acquit- 
' ted aimed forces Chfef. dE Staff: 

■ General Fabian- Veri. and bfs. 
men of the Crime. 

Salvador Laizrei 
a 57-year-old 
former senator, 
was the original 
choice for presi- 
dential candidate 
of Unido, the 
' largest -.. . oppo- 
sition -political grouping in the 
Filipino parliament •’ ' 
Although the lawyer 'son of.a 
distinguished:' political family' 
■that numbered a former- -Presi^ 
dent, a Speaker 'of the country’s 
congress andait ambassador, he 
did not seek a political career 
until he was almost 40, when he- 
became a Nacionalista senator 
•in 1967.: '.. 

When the Interim parliament 
was set up -towards the end of 
martial law in 1978, he was 
elected on - MP: but be did not 
follow president Marcos into, 
the -breakaway KBL , (New 
Society) party ; and has -since 
distanced' .himself from the 
politics of that era. 

However;- he was regarded by 
other opposition parties as too- 
closely identified with the old 
regime, and after much pressure, 
he stood down in favour of Mrs 
Aquino, though extracting heir 
commitment to, be the stan- 
dard-beanir of hi sown party. 


Nov 9 196& Senator FwtitoandE 
Marcos ejected President. \ 
March 27 1963K*wVhun&TN*tt ' t 

war again# government- .. 

Jan 1970: Students mafoft ocj 

Maiecanang Falaca; six Jdted. 

Sept 221972: Martbs Imposes :■ 
“humane" martial law to combat 
student urirost and Communist 
tosurcrancy. Thousands arj^stad, 
tnduafog Senator Begigno 
Ahtiitid-'-. x '; 

Jan 17 1973*tew constt u tion gives 
Marcos unBrnRodpovrareduring 
nwrtaltew-.- I/. . .. : . .. 

April fl97& Marcos's New 
Sodety party sweeps polls for --' 

brterimparflamera- opposition *• 
charges widespread ng^ftQ.. 

Jan 17.1981: Martial tow ifted. . . 
June 16 1981: Marcos ratios; 

presidency with 88 per carttot 


Aug 21 1983: Benigno Aquino -• - 
murdered at Man3a airport on 
. return fromexBoin United SUte: 
May 14 l984iRufing KBL (New • 
Society) paly wins 2-t mmoriiy . 
in parttementaiy etection. Pofi 
judged to be feurest far year3. : ...'• 
dsspae charges of and \ 
'gTtHiU da tion on both Qkles. _ 

Nov 4 1985: Marcos cafla snap. 
Section IS months ttetawbea r' 
due to face d oc t o r at e. . 
7^6 ftt favour orpeddesphe '• 

opposition charges that tt to 
. uoconstitutkxtfin-ASOCrsolcaei^. 
communist rebels andcivtttans . 
kflied in insurgency (mlfitary . 
estimates) during ftfoyear*; : 
ttob 7 1988: Polling day In the 0 
PhfDppfnes. Marcos seeks ste- .. 

. year exteiaion of two decades c- . 
rule. ’ .. V 

How to hit it rich and stay happy ever after 

There’s one thing a spell at University 
a] ways guarantees. Plenty ormiFcround’ 
visits from company executives. 

Each and every one of them has 
well-paid jobs to offer. 

But before signing on the dotted line, 
think very carefully. 

Will the promises turn out to be 
empty? Will the job suit your particular 
abilities and skills? 

These are not the sort of questions 
you can answer in 3 minutes. So why not 
take 3 years to decide your future - as 
an Army Officer? 

On completion of your training at 
Sandhurst you will be commissioned as 
a Lieutenant earning £9,679. 

Naturally you will learn how to 
command and care for a group of bright 
young soldiers and to handle our. 
sophisticated weapons and equipment. 

And if v ou are posted abroad at short 

notice to lead soldiers in unfamiliar 
surroundings you’d have to cope. 

No wonder many leading industri- 
alists regard an Army Commission as 
the best management training a young 
man or woman can have. 

Whether you make the Army your 
long-term career or leave earlier is up to 
you. j 

Either way it promises not to sour 
your future. Quite the opposite in fact 

And youlf gain unrivalled executive 
training at our expense. 

So if you need a little more time to 
decide, see your Careers Staff and pick 
up an Introduction Form. 

Through this we will arrange for a 
Liaison Officer to see you at your 
University, Polytechnic, or College of 
Higher Education. 

Army Officer 

Would winning a 
fortune make your 
life or break it? An • 
American bricklayer 
is about to find out 

Mr Pasquale Consalvo, 59, who 
last Saturday scooped the 
largest ever win in New York's 
state lottery, told a news 
conference on Monday that $30 
million (just over £20 million) 
was too much for any one 
person. If the money made him 
xmhappy, he said, he would give 
it back. 

Mr Consalvo need not worry. 
The chances of his life being 
made a misery by his new-found 
wealth are almost as slim 
(though not quite) as the 6.1 
million-to-one odds which he 
beat to take a jackpot that had 
remained unclaimed through six 
previous draws. 

In Britain, of course, news of 
big money winners is inevitably 
linked with recollections of 
Vivien' "Spend, spend, spend" 
Nicholson who blew the 
£152319 she and her second 
husband, Keith, won on the 
pools in September 1961. The 
money went on drink (she once 
drank two bottles of Drambuie 
in a single night). American 
cars, a luxury bungalow called 
the Ponderosa, holidays, par- 
ties, clothes and racehorses. 

Five years later, Keith was 
killed when one of the new cars 
plunged off the road and Vivien 
was soon back in a small 
terraced house without much 
money. She married three more 
times and her last husband died 
of an overdose. 

The story made her the best 
known of any of Britain’s big 
winners, bnt Vivien Nicholson. Is 
famous precisely because she 
was unusual. Most big winners 
live happily, and drably, ever' 

Winner. Pasquale Consalvo and 
his wife Angelina 

It is almost unheard of for big. 
winners to give It all away 
though a pools 
Father James 
donate, almost all his £109,000 
to charity in the early 1970s. 
British pools companies have no 
records of ’ ever ' getting the 
money back from a lucky winner 
who thought ft was all too much. 

-Mr Consaivo’s win is 
not as big as it seems 

Mr Consul vo's suppositions 
about what be might do with the 
money are ps little to be relied 
upon as most of the doubtful 
predictions uttered by awestruck 
folk who have just hit it rich. 
For a start he is not just one 
person. His news conference 
was attended by his wife, their 
three children, their three 
grandchildren and other family 
members m»d friends. He riU 
not have sole management of Ms 
fortune, any more than he was 
able to falfu his desire to go to 
work as usual on the day he 
made his winning. 

That was frustrated when the 
family tore up his work clothes. 
"I enjoy working", Mr Consalvo 
explained apologetically, 
it is not 'an , uncommon 

reaction. When Mir . David 
Horobin of Hinckley won 
£901,000 from Uttiewoods last 
year he took the company to the 
cleaners - the dry. cleaning shop 
he had been struggling to make 
« success of for the last 12 
months. His cheque, was pre- 
sented at the premises at 
239pm, and by throe o’clock he 
had reopened for business. 

Mr Consalvo expects to buy a 
new car. That is not uncommon 
either. Mr Dennis Turner, a 
Micbelin worker in Stoke who 
won £937,000 last year, moved 
house and bought a new car. 
The car is a Mini. 

More ostentations self-indul- 
gence is quite uncommon. Mr 
George Dawes, whose wife 
Elaine netted £756,000 in 
Jan nary 190 1, has been treated 
to a string of racehorses and a 
stable at' Middleham in .York- 
shire, Mr John Williamson, 
who gathered up £805^90 in 
September 1903, has gone to the 
dogs since, dog racing being his 
favourite hobby. Mr - Mike 
Vickary (£757,236 won in May 
3983) treated himself to an 
ocean yacht. 

Mr Consalvo, again predict- 
ably, says vaguely that be will 
spend his money on his family. 
Mr Shaun Legge (who got 
£692,000 last year) proposed 
marriage to his' girlfriend that 
very day, and The Sun’s bingo 
millionaire lost no time c utt in g 
his girlfriend in on his good 
fortune either... • - 

The New York winner is a 
bricklayer by trade; In Britain 
the total sum of his winnings 
wonW just about buy him a last- 
growing building company snch 
as Bellway (capitalized at £223 
million), . or he could tgit? a 
controlling stake in . something 
bigger for less. 

In fact, looked at. from some 
angles Mr Const] vo's pile does 
not seem so immense as ail 
Trne, it dwarfs foe biggest ever 
winnings on foe British pools (a 
total of £953,874 10p to Mr 
David Preston in. February 
1980) but it is barely a third of 

foe sum.Bob GeUlof raised for: 
Africa last year. 

It is also substantially less 
than John Paul Getty Junior, 
foe one man in Britain who does 
seem to be serkmsly byerbqr- 
dened with money.gave awajyffit 
a single; .grant last 'year ^£50 
milflou to foe National Gallery )_ , 

In. fact there w^flnagitBjfo;'' 
Consalyo’s win. -He does not get 
it all at once, but In 21 anwwi 
instalments of $2.4 million each. 
Mis Joan Sainsbury, a public 
relations consultant who had: 
unexpectedly . Inherited a' foi> 
tone, gave more than that fo foe 
Royal Opera House last year 
(£l million).' . : ' 

Why, /at • that rate, Mr 
Consalvo cannot even- afford to 
boy a picture like Mantegna's 
"Adoration of the Magf” (£8J 
million) or a country estate like 
Littlecote, on which Mr Peter de v 
Savory is spending £6 million. 

People who hhve been both 

rich mid-poor, Hk^ thw^oftible 
Mr Jeffrey Archer, would have 
do inhibitions about telling Mr 
Consalvo which fte .iff 

likely to prefer. IVft Andrew 
Lloyd Webber, whose , wealth 
could only be appmtantdy 
. judged when be came' to ti»> 
! stock, market; has fnW ipercaied^ 
' It by' doing just that, 'fir similar 
fashion, : a gronp of 3s®? ;ir car . 
workers found' focir 1 *629^WH> 
win did hot daii then^ ^ppetite. 

. They followed if up with another 
£63,000'Ia&t year, hopes 

; - 'that at- least : tbefr 

winnings Will ha Ve been profit- 
. ably 'invented 
success too, . * : '..V .. ^ 

Byfoe fogre ^Mr^ Consatro 7 ®^ 

' his hist payment ftt It «, 
-just possible font foe lalf ln the 
value of thb' doflar'afid IsiSinK^ 
'may leave ltim feeSttg Ir^ncdas 
much as be would have tf&d. 



. t Zcro(6) - : - 

4 Prosper (fi) 

7. Short gust (4) ., . 

5 Crusade (8) ' 

9 Time (8> . 

13 Ulmaccous tree (3) 

16 Jesus's betrayer 

(5,8) . v 

17 Danger colour(3) 

19 Ptea(S) 

24 Offiaiavely.(g) . 

25 One time (4) - 

26 Windy - (6) 

27 Glowing coals (6) 

DOWN ' ' ' 

-• I- Neck back (4) ” 

. 2 Baseless (9) . *'■' 

' 3 Understood(5) 

•4 Domesticator (5) 

= 5 Hind pan (4) 

6- Watch (5) - - 

SOLUTION TO No 854, ' ;• ;; ^ ~ : /. -^‘r£S^ 

A^^& -IBdlow' SCaipp 8 Btfia 9 Expiinsc 'il paionffr. 

M J7Tahr ? a .2i^pK3;.' ,;23fEgp 

J - 


i The Philippi nes is a widriy*^|t- . 
tered ‘ ardupdago 7 '.cif ' 7,107 ■ . 
1'isidntis (fewer than 2,000 arc 
.inhabited) lying jiisi norfo of 7 
the ' Equator and occupying a 
strategic position on foe Pacific 71 
rim, east of the South China - 
Sea, *' /.‘i’ • 

ft' accommodates the biggest .. 
Ainericah air and sea bases ' - 
dtitside the- oontinent of North 
■Ariietifca rand is 80 r mlfortes * 
•ftyin^tiinef from Soviet forces ’ • 
at C^ Ranh Bay in Vietnam. * 
The country ■Was a stonish - 
colony Cram 1565 atiiil 1898r : 
and an American colony from 
that date* to. 1946* giving riser to ;'- 
the v qOip that the' Filipinos'- ' 
problems- derive 'fttto; .being / . 
"300 years in ihe-odtrvwit-an'd" 

. 50. years in Hollywood 5 '. . 

Its 54 million people, mostly -i 
of Malay origin, speak- juaihly . 
Tagak^-among-iherotelyes^but ,* 
use : English for 1 business. Eighty 
per cent profess Rofnan Cathcn 
licism. (making-, it the vpoly'-* 
Christian country in. Aria) ana . l 
70 per cent- are engage^ .ip.-.- 
agriculture providing prmcq>al - . 
exports- of sugar, coconut oik 
copper concentrate, and 1 lumber. -- 
.Than are an increasing number. .. 
of m a n u fa cturing industries.' : -. 


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I ® ■ , 

Swrt tS 'I 

The Women's Room was 
r a aovel so explosive ! 
/thatlt ch^ged the lives 

pfyxiaay ofits readCTS. ; : 
•Nqw ; Marilyn French, its 
author, has prod uced a 
stunning analysis of m ale 
power. IjbbyPnryes 
, ■ discusses it with her 

Ewi if feminist thought. is not your 
ruling passion, you have probably 
heard of Marilyn. French* because she 
is- the one who says. “AH * men are 
rapists”. In fed, she doesn'l say that, 
hevet has : .a character m her novel - 
The Women's Room said it. after her 
-young daughter hadbeen. raped and 
then sneered ax. by revolting Chicago 
policemen with beer-guts and phallic 
holsters. '.- • , i - 

In contest, it was a powerful and 
painful line; bin a respectable British 
newspaper published Marilyn 
French's picture with a fierce scowl 
and the shocking one-lmer as its 
captrom and toe quote studt. - 
"There don’iseem to be any ethics 
in deal mg -.wjto.- feminists _ in the 
Press.’* -she says, “1 cannot imag ine 
anyone taking aline from Richard HI 
and quoting that as. .if Shakespeare 
had^ieui to say it himself raw you?** 

. iLcomes as something of a relief to 
m«r to get t the real Ms French 
disentangled from the characters in' 
that Jim explosive novel of the sex. 
war. . The Women's Room is a ' 
prolonged-: largely autobiographical - . 
yell: of fiiry -at the -perversity of the 
male sex: Her hunch of miserable and 
funonsherpmes pursue thetr depress- 
ing palhs -lo. enlightenment for six 
hundred agonizing pages. ? 

The men in the novel are drawn as ' 
malevolent stick-figures, at best 
appaHnjgly ddfi -and at worst jnon^ ' 
sters. ft is'not a book which admits ' 
the possibility of ddeem family lives, 
of generosity between the sexes, or of . 
any comedy whatsoever After read- 
ing it, t felt no ' inclination ' to meet* . 
Marilyn French. ; L .• 

But. that was seven years ago and I. ' i 
suspect that Ms. French, has mellowed .< 
a little. . Ctmtrary to Her reputation, - . 
she . does occasionally smile.: She 
poured tca solicrtonsly in the hotel 
lounge where -we met. and' when a' . 
noisy materparty sat down neat to us - 
to guffew raucously; deafenmgly and 
infimatingly ■ male, She merely grim- ' 
seed and .did; not siap. assertively. 

SheVwoukTiH^ -i 

softened, wth the yea£s,. stating that; ! 
while she has never been bitter, she is < 
a “very angry person”. 3ut her latest i 
production channels , the anaer rather ' < 
more academically; Beyond . Power - . i 
Women, Men ik Morals . » an. i 
enormous tome about the history and 
the future of the world, written ftoma... 
feminisi perspccrive. And it is quite a . 
ftumidaUe.booiu • • 

It deab^-frntiqf afl, with ihejrowlh 
and origin o f patriarchal .society, - that 
is, all society we have ever beardof -■ . 
and with .the damage done by the 
masculine hunter-killer principle 10 
the good, nourishing, 1 feminine prin- 
ciple of love and co-operation, h is 
about^ the male pursuit: of power, 
leading - to- “sterile, - unsatisfying 
eminence” versus the scorned female : 
pursuit of “fcbrity** ' pteasure and 
Inq^niiess fiw the moment. 

Tosuppeat ber arguments she turns - < 
to po&tical - and social -history, • 
anduopology, - and philosophy in i 
bewildering aiid dazzling abundance. ] 
In herindex, Ktericegaard nestles next 
la die lQkiryu and the Itihg Jaimes i 
Bible, and Roosevelt dose by « 
Roswitha of GandenheiiiL- And, of / 
course, Rousseau. Ms French 'doesn't i 



Heroine of thesex wan Marilyn French, a formidable woman to argne with 

think- much of Rousseau as a thinker, 
either, he was no feminist 
. -She pursues her argument, with 
vivid, skill and great- damy, whether 
praising.' the Moiitu tribe for their 
fatherhood ceremonies or lamenting 
the -fell of the b^guinages - communi- 
ties. run ., by independent celibate 
women in 1 3 lb-century Belgium. 

Fortunately, die does not believe in 
the rather tiresome “feirdnizalion’’rof 
language - womyn, berstory, and so 
on -. because , she does "hot consider 
tiiaf' changing a language changes 
society. . It ■ works the other way' 
round”, she says. "But these women 
are dearly having a lotta fun and Z 
wouldn't want to interfere- with that.” 

. So nojaigon or obfuscation stands 
between ber^ ^flow of polemic and the 
stunned men and women who will 
read it. Odd and fescinating ficts ponr 
from the pages: Aristotle thought. that 
the glance of a menstruating woman 
would tarnish a mirror, Nazi . officials 
referred to. women as “geese” in 
confidriitial memos - one of the few 
species to paih-bond for life. They all. 
support her. central and .highly 
organized thread of axgumem for a 
total: “feminization” of all political 
aqd social systems everywhere.. . 

Only very, occasionally does she 
descend from her style of. scholarly 
dissertation rinto the sort of poetic- 
feminist idealism that we recognize as 
■part oftiie Greenham era, : 

“Yes, therc was a garden, and in it 
we gathered fruits' and vegetables and 
sang to the moon and played and 
worked together and watched the' 
children grow we were bound to ■ 

the. goddess who was immanent in 
nature, in the vegetation and the 
moon, mistress of the animals , who 
fed us freely - most off the timeL Death 
was terrible, but in it the goddess 
received us again, and we returned to 
the process of eternal re currence, still 
part of the chain of life.” 

Most-of the time, there is nothing 
like that, no fantasy of ancient Edens; 
merely that .procession of facts and 
analysis and stinging little insights 
into the distasteful nature of mascu- 
line domination - distasteful, and 

. 6 1 see men all around 
me, very much 
trapped and mute? 

In another flash of rhetoric, she 
says: “In the Beginning was the 
Mother”; the Word came later,, an 
abstract, arbitrary, intellectual system 
which gave men an artificial domi- 
nance because their very subjection of 
woman came to signify power over 
Nature herself Hence Aristotle and 
ibte mirror; hence the almost super- 
stitious dread of a female priesthood 
even in the modern church; hence 
every evil and every alienation. 

For one who advocates the pleasure 
principle, the spontaneous feminine 
and loving spirit, Marilyn French 
does not exude much gaiety. And she 
plays conventional power games with 
great skill Although she would deny 
that they are games; she is most 

deadly earnest about her message: 
“Without it there is no hope". - 

She is a formidable woman to argue 
with. Weren't there, 1 wondered, any 
benefits accruing to the world from 
the patriarchal system? Is all our 
history to be discarded as a mere 
start? Has not strife, competition, 
rivalry,, the concentration of power 
and even war itself brought a few 
benefits, as the wheel turned? 

“We are always told this. That 
commercial links and inventions and 
knowledge of other nations come 
from war; but who is to say that these 
things wouldn’t have happened 
anyway? There is no way we can 
know how the world would have been 
without men's domination” But if 
her demi-paradise of mam centric 
society had continued to evolve, 
would there have been, say, the very 
aeroplane which flew her to London 
to publicize her new book? 

“There might have been. But what 
actually happens now? We spend 
millions doing things like researching 
into poisons too poisonous even to 
handle. Not on researching, say, 
herbs, for healing. Only one son of 
Science is worshipped today.” 

The breadth of background to the 
book is impressive. I asked whether in 
her wide reading for it, she had ever 
come across anything - one single 
feet, story, custom or theory - which 
gave her reason to question her whole 
thesis. Did anything make her doubt 
her ideas? “No. Nothing ever changed 
my direction, from the first draft 
Everything I discovered merely added 
to it or made it more complicated and 

She is sorry for men and writes I 
with some feeling about their lot - I 
although her own circle is “homoso- { 
rial" - “avoiding those people you g 
know will behave unpleasantly and I 
abrade your surfaces, you turn out to I 
mix nninl? with women. But most 2 
women do that, you know live I 

Men, she says, suffer from patriar- 
chal society too. “I see men all around 
me. very much trapped and mute: 
they don't even know what to 
complain about. They turn grey at a 
certain age and look as if they'll blow 
away and often they just do. You see 
most men are living a lie. Any human 
being is living a He who pretends to be 
in control, even of themselves. I find 
it ironic that the sex which cannot 
control its sex organ is the one that 
considers itself fit to control the 

Most women who do gain power 
now only fell prey to the same 
delusion. She calls them Caryatids - 
not pillars of society, just ornamental 
female bearers: “Pseudo-men. 

Women who have totally accepted the 
male world”. She assumes that they 
pay the same price - “alienation, 
loneliness, sterility”. Many are forgo- 
ing motherhood. 

We had been discussing our own 
Prime Minister at that point, but the 
feminist outlook of the UK generally 
is fraught with other difficulties. 

6 The stumbling-block 
is men's insistence 
on being better 9 

“Your class system. Upper and 
middle-class women do not want to 
be associated with working-class 
women. And besides, there's a kind of 
vitality and identity in your working 
classes between men and women. 
They sort of stick together, more than 
in the USA." 

A nagging association was begin- 
ning to trouble me, thinking of her 
dear, passionate, uncompromising 
book and listening to her talk about 
power and working-class vitality and 
oppressions too terrible to have been 
ignored for so long. She reminded me 
of someone, and I could not think 
who. I tried another question: Need 
all this be called feminism? Why not 
just humane thought? Enlightened 
liberalism, pacifism, conservation- 
ism? It has elements of all. 

But for the first time she raised her 
voice. “No! That would erode the 
issue. The basic stumbling-block in 
the way of a more humane world is 
men's insistence on being better than 
women. You cannot slide past that. 
New lies will only breed, until you 
change that basic thing. You can't 
make a socialist revolution on a lie.” 

And 1 knew who she reminded me 
o£ George Orwell - an Orwell for 
1986 and beyond, although possibly 
as doomed to failure as he was. 

For which, I should add, she is 
prepared. The book concludes that “If 
we fail? We fail . . . there is no final 
end; there is only the doing well, being 
what we want to be, doing what we 
want to do, living in delight The 
choice lies between a lue lived 
through and a life lived; between 
fragmentation and wholeness; 
between leaving behind us, as 
generations before have done, a legacy 
of bitterness, sacrifice and fear, and 
leaving behind us if nothing more 
than this, a memory of our own being 
and doing with pleasure, an image of 
life our young will want to emulate 
rather than avoid. The choice lies 
between servitude and freedom, 
fragmentation and integration. The 
choice may be between death and life. 
There is no choice.” 

Beyond Power - Women, Men <£ 
Morals is published tomorrow by 
Jonathan Cape (hardback, £15). The 
Women's Room is published by 
Sphere (paperback, £2.95). 

Suffering from a 
medical complaiui 

Once a Catholic . . . 

JP- P ri nc e ss Michael of 
# Kent fa a Roman Cafb- 
otic who has been 
W nuiied, dhweed and 
' ■ tnenhmrted. 1 am also a 

Roman Ca A o t ic who has been, 
married, divorced and re- 
married. last year she received 
Holy Cbhmmiion at a Mass in 
Rome. Tlus Swaday I will not 
be receiving Holy Communion . 
atmy fecalparisb church- - 

When , the rest of the 
congregation go op to the altar 
rails L- wiU* ns always, sit tight. 
My Svnday Mass Ins been like 
(hat lor the past ^five years. The 
ream Princess Michael can 
recdra Holy Commarion and I . 
cannot Is -that her first mar- 
riage , was annulled. -Mine 

I _ raise .the point became 
each time a story Oke heirs has 
a newspaper airfeg, weU-mean- 
ing Hob-Catholic friends look at 
me sympathetically .-and ask - - 
"so how come?”. 

The simple fact » that there 
are more- Catholics Jlke me 
i ban like Princess -Michael: 
Whether the .rich' and famous 
seek anBhhnenr more than the 
hoi potloi or they Just make, 
newspaper headlines more, 
often, 1 don’t know. 1 do know 
(hat each time these stories 
reach tfce paper friends turn to 
me and say “well, thefcr yon are 
then”.' And \ have to reply 
"Yes, here. Z am.- Divorced! 
remarried ' and, « a 
queues, withdrawn from the 
Sacraments.” _ ■ 

I understand why. Jt^sjest a 
little dlfficnlt^ mepteining If to 

non-Cwhotic friends when the 

marriage of a Catholic person- 
ality hits toe head lines, ft 
happened when the marriage of 
Princess Caro&ne of Monaco 
ended and there was talk of an 
annul meat. 

The recently pnhHsbed -M- 
ography of Frank . Sinatra by 


- Christine Brown 

his dai^hter Nancy , refers to 
the annnbnent of his first 
marriage. If any' of my friends . 
read it well be back to onr “so 
how come”, conversation. . 

I try- lb make dear to friends 
who ask that I -ha ve jn o 
. argument against' the churrlfs 
teaching 'ob marriage. To me it 
stHI seems very dear eat. If you 
choose to ignore die teaching 
on the ' hidissohilnUty of 
marriage by divorcing mid 
remarrying yon ojraot re Jrc 
the Sacraments. Yon cannot 
make the - choice - sad - idek 
against it - 

The feet rem ai ns that each 
tone a celebrity' Catholic ^ story 
Crops op I find myself involved 
in woolly conversations with 
friends. There is tto real harm 
In them. 

The only danger fur me 
would be; if I started -feting in 
- with, their line of thought, 
which usually goes something 
like this; “Bnt yon itidnY do 
anything wrong. Why should 
you t ifferr’ I explain that it 
wfts by choosing to remarry 
that T foand myself in this 

The inevitable yeply-tb that 
is "What were yon supposed to 
do. live like a nun?*? I know, 
they mean ft lEfndly hut their 
“fogte” l*°f no help to ate. 

- Perhaps these conversations 
are good, for the soul, and at 
least they only occur. now and 
then. 1 don’t suppose rU have 
another for some tone.' 

Weft until toe ' next ffllft 

newsworthy . Catholic Wf 
has a ienarriage prab- 

‘Man... - ' * ' 

For 'as long as there have been 
written recipes lor chowders, 

cooks and scholars on both — _ 

-sides of ihe Atlantic have jdr w 
debated the origins of the name. S- 1 - ff m 
Earliest -recipes usually Turn up I s m B 

in manuscript cookery books. wL B ■ B 

But in the case of what has y Bw 

become a classic of American 

cooking, .it is fitting, that the — 

reripe believedto be Ibeoldest SHONA CRAV 

should have been published in — 

the Boston Evening Post. Qn t 
September 23, 1751, the news- * 
paper printed a poem entitled 
“Directions for making a 

The most widely accepted 
explanation for. the naming of 
chowder is that it derives from 
the French chauditre, a caul- 
dron or cooking pot. And it 
would have been in just such 
pots . that 17th-century French 
fishermen cooked the fish stews 
they lived on when fishing far 
from home in Newfoundland. 

Long voyages were made to 
meef demand in Europe for salt 
cod, and at sea the men lived on 
the fish they caught sup- 
plemented by onions, salt ports 
and ship’s biscuits. f 

The. 1763 - edition 7 off the £ 

English writer Hannah Glasse's 

The- Art qf Cookery gives a 

layered recipe with wine and /T* ' _ ' _ _ 

spioes she called “chonder, a sea O V © 

uPj chau diere derivation of chowders as soups and 

they -have indeed 
b ® Cume tirinner and more soup- 

fpy “D? w 1 5flw»nuny Big- amcaIin toemsdves. 
lish dialect, sounds like a cod 

.definition from Call My Bbiff, Clams will not be in season 
but appears in the Oxford here until around June, but 
English Dictionary. . . scallops are in good supply and 

Milk and potatoes, tndispen- good condition now. This 
sable ingredients "in modern simple chowder is based on a 
chowders, arc later additions, as Nova Scotian recipe given by 
are tomatoes. There is a long. 'Alan Davidson in North Aitan- 
playing debate on' life relative He Seafood. The scallop .corals 
merits of Manhattan' dam ' not ‘called 'for. in the. original 
-chowder. With ' tomatoes, and. .recipe can be tightly fried and 
New England cfam chowder, -*dded to the dish, or heaped- on 
without. • ’ ' .... toast 'with bacon for a separate 

Nowadays most recipe books quick and memorable meal: 


p:,«, : 

Ghew over chowder 

" scallops then return them to the 

pan and quickly brown them on 
— . all sides. 

jT - ’’fe Meanwhile, cook the potato 

B B B and onion in lightly salted water 

> n a • Bd C. to cover until they are done, but 

Iff m H B k not mushy. Add the scallops 

(4 M H ^ together with their pan juices, 

.JfL. J refei . the milk, cream and seasoning. 
.. — ■ ■ ■ ■ Heat the chowder through 

SHONA CRAWFORD POOLE without letting it come back to 

: the bofl. Serve it with crackers. 

Onions fried golden brown in 

, the fat rendered from salt pork 
are the basis of many recipes, 
and any firm-fleshed fish will 
make a good chowder. Had- 
dock, smoked or fresh, is 
particularly successful in this 
substantial, homely dish. 

Cod chowder 

Serves two 

55g (2oz) fat salt pork or 
green bacon, diced 

22Sg (8oz) onions, finely chopped 
450g (11b) potatoes, peeled 
and sliced 

. 450g (lib) fflet of cod, skinned 

■ s 800ml (1 pint) milk 

salt and freshly ground 

' Mack pepper 

3 cream crackers 

Put the diced salt pork or bacon 
-- '. -j - in a heavy pan aid heat slowly 

r g% K-e Anrn AW until the rat runs, and continue 
ibilU TT ULvl cooking until the pork is crisp. 

Remove the meat from the pan 
Scallop chowder and add the onions. Fry them 

Serves four until they are tender and lightly 

450g (1 lb) scallops, white meat br 5Sdttf 4= slicrf pM* 

■■ * — — then the fish cut in large cubes 

30g (lozjhuttar ; or strips. Sprinkle the crisp pork 

45(^ (11b) potatoes, peeled or. bacon over the fish, followed 

and diced ■ by the cracker crumbs, salt mid 

imlki onion, finely chopped pepper and the re m ai nin g 

1 , potato. Pour in the milk, cover 

300ml (ft ptnt?fnIHc and cook at a bare simmer for 

120ml'(4 fluid oz) double cream about 25 minutes or until the 

sj^tosNy ground P *sS« a? deep soup 

_ — plates, or thin down the 

Heat, the butter is frying pan chowder with more milk if you 
and lightly, cook the cushions of prefer it less thick. Reheat and 
white scallop meat to firm adjust the seasoning. 

•them. Remove and dice • the natrrtmDbiwLaMiMtw 

Scallop chowder 

Serves four . 

450g (11b) scaflops, wNte meat 

only • 

30g (lozjbuttar 

and diced • 

1 mild onion, finely chopped 
300ml (ft pint) mJK 

salt and freshly ground 
black pepper 

Mary Brown was convinced 
that a London teaching hospi- 
tal was concealing the. true 
facts about her father's aeath. 
Even the medical staff had 
seemed shocked when he died 
quite snddeuly a few days after 
being admitted Tor some routine 

She had repeatedly written 
to the hospital asking for more 
details bat the only reply was a 
series of letters telling her the 
matter was being looked into. 
The authorities were clearly 
afraid that Mary Brown in- 
tended to sue. They seemed 
unable to deal with a simple 
request for information. 

After several months she 
found that she was unable to 
sleep. She was stricken with 
guilt that she should have 
allowed such a thing to happen 
to her father, and she started to 
feel quite ill herself. 

Each year 19.000 official 
complaints are lodged about 
tbe standard of NHS care, in 
most cases it is an explanation 
and apology which is required, 
not compensation. 

But tbe traditional caring 
role of the hospital comes to a 
foil stop when a complaint is 
received. Doctors, advised by 
their defence societies, become 
unavailable. Norses deny what 
they have seen or been made to 
do. It is not unusual for a time 
lag of two years to occur before 
the complaint is finally dealt 
with under the hospital's 
internal procedures.* 

Mary Brown's case is un- 
usual only because there was a 
happy ending. After tbe inter- 
vention of a community health 
council the consultant who had 
been in charge of her father 
phoned to say that the com- 
plaint had never reached him. 
He met Mary Brown and told 
her how terribly surprised he 
had been by her lather's death, 
and explained the tests. Such 
candour on the part of the 
doctor is extremely rare. 

Hospital authorities claim 
that the long delays when no 
information is given allow any 
complaint to be fully investi- 
gated. But one suspects that 
they are also intended to make 
the patient or relative who is 
complaining give up m disgust. 

That sometimes happens, 
but such calculated procrasti- 
nation is more likely to increase 
the bitterness of complainants, 
and lead them to exaggerate 
what occurred. 

However, there are signs 
that the National Association 
of Health Authorities (N AHA) 
is tryingrto get to grips with one 
aspect of the medical com- 
plaints problem - the fear 
among hospital staff that they 
will be punished if they report 
cases where they know patients 
are abused or ill treated. 

On Friday NAHA will be 
publishing new guidance on 
how health service managers 
should deal with such com- 
plainu;. It covers such matters 
as the abuse of tranquillizers, 
misuse of seclusion policies, 
stealing from patients and 
sexual and physical violence. 

A typical case would be the 
difficult and aggressive psychi- 
atric patient who needs a great 
deal of care and attention. Sbe 
spends hoars every day “se- 
cluded” in the hospital's time- 
out room - which means in 
plain English that she's locked 
away where she can't annoy 
anyone. She doesn't often have 
a bath because (bat is too time- 
consuming and unrewarding for 
the hard pressed staff. 

A student nurse newly- - 
assigned to the ward who bos 
been trained to respect the 
patient's dignity is horrified at 
the way the patient has been 
sentenced to solitary confine- 
ment rather than treated for 
her illness. She complains to 
tbe ward sister and is sharply 
told to pipe down if she wants a 
good ward report. The student 
complies and is now older, 
wiser and a little corrupted. 

‘Wall of silence 
for outsiders’ 

Although problems like thfo 
are well known to hospital 
authorities, there were some 
objections when NAHA first 
proposed their guidelines. 
Some NHS managers feared 
that establishing a procedure 
whereby members of staff could 
report each other would result in 
a lot of tune-consnming com- 
plaints motivated by grudges. 
But the authorities (less than a 
quarter of the total) who have 
already established their own 
guidelines have found that tills 
is not the case. 

NAHA's action in dealing 
with the abase of patients by- 
staff is laudable, but a more 
common problem is the wall of 
silence which meets complain- 
ants who do not work in the 
health service. 

Last summer a conference of 
the Royal College of Physicians 
tried but failed to find a 
solution. Sir Anthony Buck, the 
Tory MP who chaired a 
parliamentary committee that 
looked into accountability in 
the health service in the late 
1970s, expressed his horror 
there at how little progress bad 
been made since then. 

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<:JJ.[ -.rv*^ ir»s r "s£*:^; 


Royal party 

goes sour 

The 50th anniversary of Edward 
VlII's accession did not pass 
.unnoticed on Monday. The New 
Octavians, a group formed to 
rehabilitate the memory of the king 
who abdicated, held a celebration 
party. It went badly askew. A former 
chaplain of Eton, Dr James Bentley, 
was at the centre of the trouble. 
Although the Queen Mother was 
never likely to be a popular figure at 
such a gathering, he made a speech 
that contained some outspoken 
remarks about her, and exacerbated 
matters by casting aspersions on the 
Duchess of Windsor, whose toast he 
was proposing. The speech was 
received in stony silence and guests 
walked out. Edward VM's former 
financial secretary, Miss Wyndham, 
held her head in her hands. 
Complaints were made to the 
organizer, Michael Bloch, the 
Duke's authorized biographer. “We 
were all rather shocked,** Bloch told 
me yesterday. “The whole thing was 
utterly mortifying." Bentley was 
unrepentant. “I made a few hoary 
old jests at a private party, he said. 


Knock one set of employment 
restrictions down and up paps 
another. London Labour Briefing 
warns of the staffing of a new lesbian 
and gay unit in Haringey, north 
■London: “Care will be taken to 
avoid a take-over by trendy middle- 
class aspirants and young streetwise 
Guardian readers." 

Running story 

NciJ Macfarlanc was not the only 
Tory MP to have an unnerving 
encounter during the parliamentary 
break (PHS, Monday). Nicholas 
Baker of Dorset North tells me he 
was driving down the ferociously 
busy A2l near Robertsbridge in 
Sussex when he had to swerve 
violently to avoid a frail elderly 
figure jogging blithely along. As 
Baker struggled to gain control, he 
just had time to see that the figure, 
“encased in plastic and training 
shoes", was Lord Longford. 

■ Four and against 

, The immediate political career of 
.-"David Blunkett, Labour’s rising 
local government star, came within 
four votes of an abrupt end on 
Monday night Some of his Labour 
colleagues on Sheffield city council. 

• perhaps jealous of their leader's 
’ burgeoning national reputation, 
urged that a Militant councillor, 
, Paul Green, who was thrown out of 
the Labour Party late Iasi year for 
. his Trotskyite views, be re-admitted 
to the council's Labour group. 

■ Blunkett opposed this and let it be 
- known that he would resign if he lost 
the vote. Blunkett won, but by a 
: margin of only four out of 66 
: possible votes. Yesterday a wary 
■- Blunkett said: "What I might have 
‘ ; done if the expulsion was not 
'*■ accepted is now history-” 


‘Rule Britannia. Britannia 
rule the rails . . .' 

Clay firing 

Losing the shine 

Listen to this Ulster protest 

irl '• ( r \ t 

The Anglo-Irish agreement was 
intended to bring peace, stability 
and reconciliation, but so far there is 
little sign of a new dawn. Two 
opinion polls, published by the 
Belfast Telegraph and the BBC, 
show confusion and opposition 
throughout the Protestant com- 

According to the signatories to the 
agreement, Dublin's role falls short 
of decision-making but is more than 
consultative. It appears to matter 
little among Protestants what that 
role is: consent is not forthcoming. 
The opinion polls indicate oppo- 
sition so entrenched that Thurday's 
by-elections have the look of a 
foregone conclusion. 

A crisis threatens in Northern 
Ireland as it did 12 years ago. when 
the last attempt at an Anglo-Irish 
pact collapsed in the face of a 
crippling strike and savage car- 
bombings south of the border. The 
parallels are frightening. Protestants 
then were nowhere so united as they 
appear now. 

Half the population of Northern 
Ireland believes that over the next 
six months the agreement will not 
work or will lead to increased 
conflict between Unionists and the 
government. A third of Protestants 

Edmund Curran oMines whiy the Anglo-Irish 
agreement signals a rebellion in the making 

favour industrial action: 10 per cent 
would go so .far as. ; vibIe'nce,"EVen, 
half the Roman Catholic population 
feels support for the IRA's political 
wing will be unchanged. 

Against such worrying trends the 
prospects are troubling, especially if 
Westminster rejects again the 
Protestants' protests at the polls. 

The .reality of the agreement is 
that Protestants arc becoming a 
sullen people apart In County 
Tyrone, for example, they cannot 
bnng -themselves to participate in 
ecumenical songs of- praise with 
their Catholic neighbours. There is 
appalling talk, too. of boycotting 
Southern Irish goods and thinly 

veiled threats to plot violence in the 

south. An agreement intended to 
enhance cross-border friendship has 
so far achieved nothing of the kind. 

It should be recalled that the 
previous attempt at an accord, the 
Sunningdale agreement of 1973, 
proposed a much lower level of 
involvement for the Irish Republic. 
Many Protestants were prepared to 
support that accord, not least the 

late Brian Faulkner, a Unionist 
1 aider' who' staked,- his considerable 
reputation upon it. For all his 
powers of persuasion and political 
guile, trended in chaos after six 
months. ■ " 

Where is there a voice like 
Faulkner's in the Protestant com- 
munity today? That lack alone is 
enough to make the situation more, 
serious than in 1974. Deep resent- 
ment lingers among the most 
moderate voices within the Prot- 
estant community that they were cut 
out : of the action in the secret 
negotiations between London and 
Dublin. The agreement* itself, a in- 
stead of promoting reconciliation, 
has left Protestants in a dangerous 
state of obduracy. 

Now the resentment, confusion 
and obduracy, are about to be folded 
inside the. ballot 'papers and formally 
brought to outside attention. Two 
months on, the smiles at Hillsbo- 
rough gave way to furrowed brows 
and tempered words. The answer 
from the Protestants is on its. way: 
perhaps 400,000 times and more, 

The opinion polls- should -make 
worrying reading for fobsfciprejrarai 
to face realities rather than indulge 
in wishful thinking. Rut is anyone 
out there listening? Or have the 
. -consequences begun . to- register . of 
’ facing down this rebellion in foe 
making? Will anything be achieved 
if everyone presses on regardless 
behind foe dosed doors ' of the 
Anglo-Irish secretariat? Of what 
value -their deliberations, if so many 

Time is on nobody's, side. The 
proponents of the accord with 
Dublin concede that its benefits may 
take months, even years, to materia- 
lize. But the mood in Ulster does not 
allow for such luxury. The immedi- 
ate question in 1986 is obvious is 
it to be confrontation or consent, so 
for as Prorestants are concerned? 

“The only unity I cherish is that 
which has foe "wholehearted and 
freely given support of my Prot- 
estant fellow-countrymen,” the 
nationalist leader John Hume once 
said. “Unless that consent is 
forthcoming, unless there is a union 
of hearts and minds, there can be no 

The danger signals are flashing - 
for those who care to see them. 

The author is deputy editor of the 
Belfast Telegraph. 

Alex Henney on the weakness of Peter Walker’s proposed privatization bill 

->4 -■? ' 

/ v - . V.-V 
- /<*■> 

In a polite but forceful report, the 
House of Commons energy com- 
mittee yesterday criticised govern- 
ment proposals for regulating a 
privatized British Gas Corporation. 
The committee says that the 
proposals, devised by Sir Denis 
Rookc, chairman of British Gas. and 
Peter Walker, Secretary of State for 
Energy, arc inadequate “to ensure 
that the gas industry does not fall 
prey to foe temptation to abuse its 
great powers, to the disadvantage of 
its customers and of the country". 

The committee is right to be 
sceptical about the claims of Rookc 
and Walker that there is much 
competition in most of foe markets 
which use gas. It is right to criticise 
the restrictions that foe government 
proposes to retain in order to 
minimize such competition as there 
might be. It rightly refers to various 
views put forward by Rooke and 
Walker as “disingenuous", “surpris- 
ingly complacent", and “superficial 

Stronger hand 
wanted on the 
sas controls 

arrangements will "benefit cus- 

tomers, industry-, employees and foe- 
nation as a whole". Taking British 
Telecom's example, benefits, to the 
industry ‘ and employees will be 
substantially increased profits and 
share prices, significantly improved 
emoluments for the directors, and 
an easy life from foe relaxed 
regulatory regime. 

The short-term financial benefit 
to the government from disposing of 
British Gas just before an election is 
obvious. British Gas has been fatted 
up so that its return on assets over 
1980-84 averaged twice, that of ICI. 

It is not clear, however, what 
customers gain from the sale of 
assets which they have already paid 
for. British Gas is -debt-free. 
Customers are now being asked to 
pay for them again with an 
obligation to pay £1 billion or so 
annually to service loan interest and 
dividends. Walker has not indicated 
what “X" will be, and if BT is a 
precedent; we the public - who 
notionally own the business and arc 
its customers - will not be privy to 
the basis of the figure, which will be 
a private horsetrade between Rooke 
and' Walker. It may be partially 
leaked to brokers and bankers to 
help flotation by reassuring them 
that it is an easy target. 

The 1980 inquiry into the supply 
of domestic gas appliances showed 
that as a public body. British Gas 
massaged its accounts and acted 
against foe public interest to further 
its management's ambitions. As a 
private monopoly, with directors 
owing a fiduciary dury to share- 
holders, it is even more likely to 
abuse its privileged position, and 
thus the check on public interest 
should be strong, not weak. 

There is no bint in the govern- 

The key feature of the govern- 
ment's proposed sale of British Gas 
is to sell it intact. Its prices to 
smaller customers will be by 
published tariffs that arc controlled 
by a j forjnula. which allows for foe 
.passing through of the, cost of 
purchasing gas. together with a 
factor to cover its operating costs 
which reduces in. real terms by “x 
per cent" annually. Jts prices lo 
larger contract customers will be free 
of constraint. Although it must 
, publish separate .accounts for its gas 
supply business, it need not separate 
the tariff and contract businesses, so 
it can cross-subsidizc. . 

.; A director-general of: gas supply 
will ensure that British Gas adheres 
to the tariff formula, but be has few 
other duties, and no duty to 
promote competition. The proposals 
provide British Gas with maximum 
monopoly power combined with 
minimum constraints on the use of 
that power. Regulation is frag- 
mented, and limited: the annual cost 
of regulation is expected to increase 
by a mere £300,000 over the £1.7 
million spent on the current Gas 
Consumers Councils, which are 
powerless. The proposals ensure that 
British Gas's performance in many 
areas would be obscure, and public 
accountability minimal. 

According to Walker, these 

mem's proposals that a monopoly- 
franchise to provide a public utility.-, 
service is a privilege. Tt gives .a 
company business without any need 
to seek custom and without the 
financial risks associated with most 
business ventures, and foe mon- 
opoly revenue it enjoys provides foe 
security- for raising capital for 
investment. The quid pro quo is that 
a privilege granted by the public 
should be clearly exercised for foe. 
benefit of foe public, and should be 
seen to be so. 

These are not ideas that arc 
obvious to Rookc. For instance he 
dislikes other suppliers using the 
national gas grid because, as he said: 
“Wc built it; we run it" This shows 
no understanding that the grid was 
authorized and funded by the public 
for foe public. 

In foe US. public service com- 
missions regolatc. monopolies. As 
Franklin D. Roosevelt said, they 
“are to act as representatives of the 
people to see to it' that a utility does 
two things: give service and charge a 
reasonable tariff’. Contrary to 
British mythology. US stale public 
serv ice commissions are not particu- 
larly expensive, nor do they spend 
vast sums on litigation, nor are they 
captured by the industries they 
regulate. The pressures they -exert 
(including financial penalties for 
inefficiency) are far more demand- 
ing than the gentle regulation of 
British Telecom and British Gas. In 
consequence US utilities are gener- 
ally more efficient and more 
oriented to the needs of their 


Good commissions provide a 
means of examining and resolving a 
range of complex technical issues in 
a decentralized and ' relatively 
dcpoliiicized framework, broadly for 

Alex Henney is author of Regulating 
Public and Privatized Monopolies, 
just published by the Public Finan- 
ce Foundation 

MPs do not come much further left 
than Bob Gay, treasurer of Labpur's 
Campaign Group. This makes it all 
the more embarrassing that he is 
experiencing labour relations prob- 
lems of a nature more closely 
associated with capitalist manage- 
ment. Exactly what these problems 
are Clay is, not surprisingly, 
reluctant to say, but it is known that 
he has given his secretary, Deborah 
Shields, notice of redundancy and 
that the matter has been taken up by 
her union. Clay employs Ms Shields 
and a researcher in his Sunderland 
North constituency office. All that 
he would say yesterday was that he 
has been “dissatisfied for a long 
time” with arrangements in his 
Sunderland office and that he has 
"found it increasingly difficult to 
afford two people full time". He 
went on: "Discussion with these 
[people] and their trade union in an 
attempt to come to a mutually 
■agreeable solution has failed." 

After Gillick, why girls still need help 

Warrington Development Corpora- 
, tion is rueing foe day it built a 
, - factory complex. Silver City, out of 
reflective aluminium. A High court. 
: has ruled it must pay compensation 
‘ one of its tenants because 
-.'.hundreds of gallons of rainwater 
J flooded the premises. The accident, 
which took place days before foe 
‘ development won a design award, 
happened after birds’, feathers and 
droppings blocked drainage pipes in 
the roof. The birds apparently 
mistake the shiny flat roof for a lake. 


By the time Jocelyn phoned the 
number she had seen in a teenage 
magazine for the Brook Advisory 
Centre she was already pregnant. “I 
caiiT tell my mum’.’, she wept down 
foe phone, "she'll kill me." I went 
through her options gently but with 
growing exasperation as her sobs 
became louder and the crackling fine 
faded. GP? "No. I. was there this • 
l morning for cough medicine, - I 
couldn't go back. He's, known me 
since 1-was a baby and ,my aunt 
works • there." Family, planning 
clinic? "Well, it's in foe same 
building as foe doctor and besides l 
think .it's only open in the 
afternoons and I'm supposed to be 
at school.” 

Jocelyn, 17, is pregnant and 
desperate. Where does she tum? 
Some people seem to think that foe 
House of Lords’ ruling in the Gillick 
case 'has. solved the problem of 
advice to teenagers about sex and 
contraception. It has not. 

The Gillick case was a battle over 
who has foe right to consent to 
medical treatment and advice for 
girls aged under 1 6. Victoria GUlick 
sought to have declared illegal pan 
of a memorandum of guidance to 
doctors from the Etepartment of 
Health and Social Security. The 
resolution of the- ca« has not 
clarified the DHSS s ads ice. 

On foe contrary. f° r ^ °f 
JoccIvtt and young people like her 
XTvc tn that hSlf of the country 

where the health authorities provide 
no specialized youth advisory 
sessions, a clear statement of policy 
from the DHSS has never been 
needed more. 

The DHSS’s first Memo of 
Guidance, published in .1974, at 
least faced the need for contracep- 
tion and advice to be available to all, 
irrespective of age. It told local 
health authorities' that sessions for 
young people would be useful. They 
should be separate from general 
health counselling, preferably in an 
informal setting. . 

"Whatever place is chosen, an 
informal and friendly, atmosphere is 
desirable, as is the choice of staff 
with whom foe young find it easy to 
communicate and who are sympath- 
etic to their problems." ' . . 

But these valuable, clauses were 
lost when, in 1981),. A. second 
memorandum was issued. .Its sec- . 
tion on foe young concentrated on 
the under- 1 6s and .talked only about 
good medical practice -during indi- 
vidual consultations.' 

The DHSS has promised a new 
statement. It. must, post "Gillick, 
revise its advice to doctors on 
counselling foe under-I6s, and give- 
maximum encouragement to health 
authorities. to improve birth control 

Young people are receptive to the- 
media. Local drnics should take 
advantage of this to advertise, their 
opening hours, preferably to be 

outside school and working hours. 
Sessions on Saturday mornings -and 
lunchtimes are especially welcomed. 
Time in each session should be 
reserved for young people who turn 
up at the last minute - for postcoilal 
contraception, a pregnancy test or 
because it was their fust appoint- 
ment and they are late, or did not 
make an appointment or they lost 
their pills Or arrived on the wrong 
day. Sessions that are accessible to 
or lolerent only of well-organized 
clients are not doing their job 

Counselling should be available. 
The young woman who turns up for 
a third time for foe morning after 
pill insisting that she is not really 
having a sexual relationship needs 
help to understand her -sexuality. 
Encouraging a sense of self-esteem 
will inevitably improve foe 
efficiency of contraceptive use and 
help some who so wish to say no. 

Fast, on-the-spot pregnancy diag- 
nosis should be available to all 
young women who fear they may 
have- - an unwanted . pregnancy. 
Counselling should be available to 
help a teenager who' becomes 
pregnant to decide whether or not to 
' continue. Where a girl asks for an 
abortion foe clinic doctor should be 
able to provide the first signature on 
the green abortion form and to 
arrange a hospital appointment 
(wilh the hdp of ' clinic staff). 
Younger clients, not just those under 



on Thatcher’s hook 

Peter Walker, Sir Denis: public- 
accountability must be strong 

foe public interest. They provide a 
countervailing check on foe per- 
formance of utilities that redresses 
the imbalance between individual 
customers and powerful utilities. In 
a significant step forward, the energy 
committee has recommended that 
foe government should study the 
relevance of the US system to foe 
UK context. 

■ To ensure that British Gas runs 
primarily for foe benefit of foe 
public, it should be privatized in as 
liberal and. competitive a manner as 
possible, with restrictions on gas 
imports' 'and exports removed. 
British Gas should be divided into 
regional companies, and' foe 
accounts opened up. The basis of foe 
price formula should be available for 
foe public - and prospective 
investors - to sec. Then a gas 
commission possessing adequate 
resources and powers should regu- 
late it to promote competition, to and to mediate foe complex 
web of vested interests that impinge 
upon it. ; 

. The commission should deter- 
mine tariffs to ensure that they do 
not discriminate; monitor. efficiency; 
structure financial incentives and 
penalties for good and poor per- 
formance; rule on standards of 
service and arbitrate customer 
complaints; prescribe methods of 
accounting; and ensure that British 
gas competes fairly. It should also ; 
provide a forum, where foe public ■ 
can make its views known in an 
effective manner, and (as in a free 
market) have them prevail where 
appropriate over foe interests of 
management and shareholders. 

The Conservative election- mani- 
festo pledged that it Would hot 
“merely replace state monopolies by 
private ones as that would waste a 
historic opportunity to ensure they 
do not exploit their positions. to the 
detriment of customers”. Recently 
John Moore, the fiinancial secretary, 
claimed that the objective- of 
privatization was to increase compe- 
titiveness and efficiency. Refinanc- 
ing a public monopoly with minimal 
regulation dishonours those pledges. 

Perhaps it was the 500 times I was 
preached at while at school, but I 
have never before in my adult me 
shown any desire to swap^tne 
soapbox for the pulpit- 
weekend it has been different. What 
I would give for the voice and 
imagery of Donald Soper! Finding a 
suitable text would be no problem 
either (those 500 sermons achieved 
something). It came to mmd 
immediately: Proverbs, Chapter lo. 
Verse 18, “Pride goeth before 
destruction; and’ an haughty spirit 

before a &1L” . 

As to the subject-matter. ; West- 
land would be mentioned only w 
passing. Instead I would concentrate 
upon the moral tale of the innocent 
but hapless Michael Howard, QC. 
MP, whose untenable position is a 

consequence of the pnde and 
haughty spirit that infested _ this 
government until the Almighty 
divined that a small helicopter 
company in the West Country 
should teach it a lesson. 

Howard is an able and urbane 
lawyer, the member for Folkestone 
and Hythe, first elected in 1983. He 
is a member of Lloyd’s. He was 
active as an underwriting member of 
several syndicates, until last Sep- 
tember 2 when he was appointed a 
junior minister. So “in accordance 
with foe conventions applying to 
ministers in my position", he ceased 
all underwriting. 

However, as he told foe Com- 
mons on January 14, “I remain a 
non-underwriting member of 
Lloyd’s, but I have no further 
business there save for that, arising 
our of my pre-existing contracts 
before they expire.” 

He has a problem; and so does the 
Prime Minister. He is not just any 
old. junior minister, responsible for 
signing endless replies to boring 
constituency inquiries from MPs to 
the Department- of foe Environment. 
He is foe Minister for Consumer 
Affairs, the man with day-to-day 
responsibility for Lloyd’s itself, and 
the. minister who has the duty to 
pilot through its committee stage foe 
Financial Services Bill- which .aims 
to provide the City .with a 
“regulatory framework as compre- 
hensive as it is modem", to use foe 
words of foe Secretary of Statq for 
Trade and Industry . ?. 

But Howard's problems go even 
deeper than that. As any-O-level 
student of business studies will now. 
confirm, Lloyd’s (with Johnson 
Matthey Bankers) has been foe 
principal political occasion of foe 
bill Of course, foe government can 
say that- foe ..bill implements 
recommendations of foe Gower 
Committee, which predated the 
scandals at Lloyd’s and the collapse 
of foe bank. But without those 
scandals, sorting out the City would 
not have become as imperative as it . 
now is, and legislation would hardly 
have been a priority atalL ' 

; Clause 40 of foe bill specifically 
exempts the insurance and invest- 
ment activities of Lloyd’s. Howard 
has the unenviable job of explaining 
why that should be so. The fact the 
government . announced on the 
second reading of the bill that there 
would be a separate inquiry .into 

Lloyd's makes his job all the more 
difficult.' since by establishing an 
inquiry it concedes that something 
may be wrong, and its previous 
claim tbat all was put right by the 
1 982 Lloyd's bill is undermined 
Whether he likes it or not, 
Howard's involvement in “pre- 
existing contracts" gives him a 
continuing interest in Lloyd’s. 
Insurance contracts are by their 
nature about future events; to cater 

for this reality. Lloyd’s underwrife. 
accounts (and tax assessments) are 
dealt with three years in arrears. His 
liabilities - and profits - from his 
“pre-existing” 1985 contracts will 
not be assessed until 1 988L 

Despite a- challenge from ihg 

Labour benches, he was permitted io * 

vote on the bill last week - because ' 
h was about “public policy”. There • 
are virtually ho circumstances, by 
the rules, in which an MP may be 
disqualified from voting" on a 
“public policy" bill, however direct 
or close his interest. 

It is a marie of "Howard's 
continuing interest as a. member of 
Lloyd’s that had he been in the 
Commons in 1981 when foe Lloyd's • 
bill, a private measure, was debated, 
he would even as a “non-uitderwrit. 

ing member”, almost certainly have 
been advised hot lo vote, on the 
ground, to quote foe parliamentary 
authority Erskine May, that “m ' 
member- who has a direct pecuniary 
interest in a question shall be 
allowed to vote upon. it”. This was 
the advice given on that occasion iq 
the 53 MPS who were then members 
of Lloyd’s<including 1 3 ministers). 

Whether MPs can vote is a matter 
for the House; whether 'a minister’s 
position may cause a conflict or 
interest is ultimately a matter for the 
'prime minister. Given the principles 
accepted by successive governments, 
it is difficult to conceive of any 
previous prime minister, not posses. 
dng the haughty spirit of this one, 
putting a minister in such an 
invidious predicament- The guid- 
ance enunciated by Sir Winston ' 
Churchill in the Commons in 1952 i 
"is crystal clear: 

"I, It is a principle of public life 
that ministers must so order ibeir 
affairs that no conflict arises, or 
appears to arise, between their 
private interests and public duties. 

“2. Such a conflict . -. .may arise, - 
not only if a minister has a financial 
interest in such an undertaking bm 
also if he is actively associated with . . 
any body ... which might have *. 
negotiations or other dealings with 
the government. 

“3. ... In any case of doubt the 
prime minister of the day must be 
foe final judge” (emphasis added). 

In short, justice must not only be 
done, but be seen to be done. And if . 
Howard wants a precedent to follow, ' 
he should look no further than the 4 
present Speaker, Bernard WeatherilL 
In 1981 he was an - underwriting 
. member of Lloyd's (he is no longer). 
Then, as deputy " Speaker and /. 
chairman of - ways and raeaiis, he _ 
had. special responsibility for the 
progress of private bills (though, 
unlike Howard, no responsibility for 
the content of foe legislation). 

When the Lloyd’s bill came up, he . 
announced that "it would be 
undesirable for me to discharge, in 
relation to the .Lloyd’s bill”, the 
duties of diairman. of yfays and ■_ 
means. He clearly undcrsiood the • 
need for justice to be seen ’to be 

Lloyd's apologists excuse its ■' 
special treatment on the ground of ' 
its foreign earnings.; But ICI earns, in - 
exports, nearly three times as much 
as Lloyd's (£2,833 million in 1984, 
against Lloyd’s, earnings of £991 
million). If Cause 40 of a future 
Manufacturing Industries Bill 
specifically excluded ICI. --from its 
-operation, and the minister respon- 
sible had just resigned as a- director, 
but. continued with a “pre-existiiig 
financial - interest”, wc might con- 
sider there to be a conflict Can . 
anyone tell me the difference? 

The author is labour . MP for 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

1 6. should be encouraged to involve 
a parent or other relative to come 
with them. 

Confidentiality is essential. Joce- 
lyn’s greatest concern was that 
somebody might find out.- Dis- 
cretion and support would help her 
to feel confident enough to involve 
her family. Young men should be 
welcomed with their partners. They 
should be invited, if the partner 
wishes, to take pan in foe 
consultation. They should also be 
encouraged to come alone if -they 
wish, for counselling or contracep- 
tive supplies. 

Despite an undoubted- rise in 
sexual activity the teenage concept 
tion rate has been declining since 
1974. This trend demonstrates an 
increased consciousness about con- 
traception. Nevertheless, still too 
many sexually active teenagers are 
not using contraception and. almost 
a third of all abortions are 
performed on teenagers. One in 10 
of teenagers turning 1 5 this year, win 
have an abortion before, the age of 
20. Yet only foe same proportion of 
teenagers attend family planning 
clinics now as 10. years ago. 

It's not the motivation of 
teenagers that is responsible for this 
disappointing trend, it is the lack of 
appropriate services. . 

Alison Frater 

The author works for the Brook 
Advisory Centres. 

I often remember, with horrified 
fascination, a conversation I once 
heard in a taxi queue at Paddington. 
It was between two strangers, 
brought together by the ordeal of 
waiting forAtaxi. One man said: “I" 
say - isn’t that the new Peugeot over 
there?” The other man said appa- 
rently foe fuel consumption wasn't 
the greatest in the world, but that its 
road-holding and general perform- 
ance were well above average.' The 
first man nodded, and added that it 
was surprisingly roomy inside, or so 
he had heard. 

The conversation flowed on 
effortlessly for five or ten minutes 
before I «r*as forced to leave it By 
that time it sounded as if these two 
men were good . friends. They 
weren't of course; they were still 
total strangers who had hit on one of 
those subjects which can apparently 1 
bring people together. Men, usually. 
It would be hard to imagine two 
women spontaneously starting a 
technical conversation about the 
pros and cons of a new French car. 
That is one of the reasons 1 think of 
women as belonging to the superior 
sex; they realize that talking about 
the superior roominess of a Peugeot 
has nothing to do with real life. 

. Of course, . 1 can't remember 
whether the car was a Peugeot or a 
Hat and whether they were talking 
about its roominess or its cornering 
ability, but that is irrelevant All car 
conversations, sound the same: 
boring,. I would nominate motoring 
conversations as. one of" the most 
truly boring of all kinds of 

■ Whether motoring conversations 
are the most boring of all is another 
matter. Incredible though' it. may 
seem, there are other people as 
boring .as motorists and I have 
ventured to note down a list of those 

minorities whose -company , should 
be shunned at all cost, unless you are 
suffering from insomnia. . 

Opera -buffs. -.Why. opera-lovers 
should be more boring 'than other- 
kinds of music-lovers is not quite 
dear, but they arc. especially those 
who have been recently converted. It 
may be something to do with the. 
fact that none of them plays a 

musical instrument and is thus even 
more in. love with, .music than if they 
ha<l to struggle with itface to face. 
Cricket-lovers. Cricket is to sport as 
opera is to music. Cricket-lovers can 
become ecstatic at the memoiy . of a 
'certain game which they were not at, 
never saw and have never met an 
eye-witness off This is .not just 
boring, tit is somewhat unbalanced. 
Cricket-lovers quite like cricket in 
their own way, but it is statistics that 
they really loyej 

People who have just ^beeft skfing for 
foe first time. 

Jazz-lovers. As a jazz lover, it 
grieves me to say this! bur we are 
even more boring than opera fans, 
especially as. we always talk about 
records and never about - real jazz 
events. If- a few jazz-lovers arc 
invited to a piuly they all end up 
talking to onfc another, and^they all 
slay longer than anyoneelsd: ' 

BBC employees. Anyone - who has 
been with foe BBC more than about 
four years seriously thinks that real 
life is not quite as real jas life in the 
BBC. They have become character* 
.in a soap -opera, and. Their minds 
have become slightly poisoned- 
They would rather- 'talk about die 
BBC. than anything . in. foe . world 
They can talk about other things but 
their heart is never in it " 

People " who like comparing - ooc 
airline with another. 

People who have just discorered 

People who have just been burgled. 
Health food freaks. These are small, 
grey, drawn, unsmiling, implacable 
people whof s .like >tp. tell yon ho* 
giving u p meaf-and cheese hasmadc 
them so well and bursting 
energy.- None of them ever loofcs half 
as lively as the average carnivore. 
VViae-loviers. lt takes ralentlo ntai® 
something as nice -as wine Boring* 
but the British have a.special talon 1 
for it. There is something, religion 5 
about the way: we approach ■wnc* 
and nothing could ' be mdre’bori*® 
than- .the- British approach -I® 
religion. . r’ . l 

People who loathe Mrs Thatcher. . . 

More . people, for foe.. sJwrtJi* 1 
?ooti. and perhaps a grand finaL '. 

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j gAjw-Vm, Gray’s ton, Road, London WC1X 8HZ:, Telephone: 01-837 1234 


Mir Kenneth Baker, like Environ- 
ment Secretaries before him, is 
damned if he do and. daihned if 
hedon’t. He is custodian of a 
mighty machJuae for distributing 
, government grant. He h ps some" 
discretion over its' direction.- It is . 
a season of awakened public 
'concern' about the . urban con-. 

- -dition. To make no gesture 
towards: the extra costs of public 
services - in • - the inner cities, - 

' especially inner London, would 
; 7 have’-brought upon' his head the 
auger of the warm-hearted and 
” paternalist kxiights of the shires." 
To make -such a gesture by. 
retrieving a small (less than l per 
-cent, of the aggregate current 
expenditure of English councils) 

. proportion of-the. grant entitle-, 
mem '-of the high • resource: 

- suburban counties has brought 
oh; his head the anger of the ... . 
.. Since I980the distribution of 
. . entitlement to rate support grant 
has shifted to favour the prosper- 
ous shire counties, containing 
, the . seats, of .Monday, night's 
parliamentary rebels. London, 
including the Tory outer sub- 
urbs, -has lost grant entitlement. 
This broad * picture has been 
rendered obscure by the govern- 
ment’s various schemes to put a 
lid on local spending, first by Mr . 
Headline's" allocation to each 
council of a spending target (arid 
associated penalties for over- 
shooting it) then, by Mr Jehkin's 

- urban rate-capping. Mr Baker,, 
having inherited a decision to 

!. abolish those targets in 1986-87,.' 
has. been able to shed some light. 
The system is . how ' a little 
simpler. For 1986-87 ■ he has 
. adjusted the allowances for, for 
example, the cost of personal 

social services, and the flow 
of grant has, slightly, ..gone 
‘against such counties as West 
‘ Sussex, Buckin gham shire “and 
' Cambndgeshirel. ... 

- The 7 bill .of complaint against 
Mr. Baker "put -tocher ! by his 
-own -backbenchers is- not very 
impressive.. The . shire counties 
themselves have a far from 
spotless spending record over the 
past six years; Mr Baker quite 
appropriately- reminded them 
' that a sizeable -portion of the real 
.terms increase in council spend- 
ing since 1979. is attributable to 
Conservative-controlled ' coun- 
ties. West . Sussex and simil ar 
counties.did, al one time, suffer a 
considerable injustice when they 
were penalized for spending less 
than the official estimate of what 
their schools and home helps 
cost; that has been rectified. ■ 
Voting ,against the annual 
RSG order is a a rite of winter-.- 
Monday's political . arithmetic 
had little to do - 'with the 
Government’s general -standing, 
much to do with the sometimes ! 
tortured relations of Conserva- 
tive-members and their county- 
halls. Conservative losses to the" 
Alliance at last year’s elections 
were chastening and have made 
more titan. one' home counties' 
MF .cultivate' his local' repu- 
tation, even at the cost of defying 
the whip. But local appearance is 
one. .thing, and sound policy for 
-local government ' another. Mr 
Baker, anxious not to offend. his, 
political supporters, promised 
(them, as he has many times/ 
before, that come' the Green 
Paper all will be well. Com- 
plexities, he seemed to imply; * 
would become untangled and - 

hard political judgement about 
finite resources would - become 

- Such promises are self-defeat- 
ing There is much that is wrong 
with the local financial system. If 
the county representatives had 
not occupied the floor, there was 
much for which Mr Baker should 
have been held to account; most, 
of all the Indian rope trick he is 
playing with RSG for the various 
bodies, big and small, account- 
able and free-floating, that are to 
succeed the Greater London 
Council and the metropolitan 
counties. Then there is the 
simple fact that the Government 
has chosen continuously since 
1980 to cut the proportion of 
local spending covered by central 
grant and hence transfer a tax 
burden from one domestic 
pocket to another. But the Green 
Paper, if it is. to be an honest 
document, will offer no cure-all. 
i\s:'lorig r; as, there’ is to be 
. cfentral assistance towards the 
cdst-of local services (which are 
■enjoined by statute) then it will 
be a matter of political debate 
-how much the general taxpayer 
■and how much foe payer of local 
- charges and - taxes should con- 
tribute. As long as that central 
assistance is paid in a way that 
reflects the capacity of local areas 
to' tax themselves there -will be' 
political debate about - which 
local authority .gets more. There 
will,- in other words; -be a 
perennial contest in which foe 
-interests of West Sussex are in 
. some way compared' and con- 
trasted with those of Southwark' 
(and Sutton). The politician in 
t^he middle will never win the 
..loser’s plaudits.- • 

Chief Jonathan's, calls for sanc- 
tions against South. Africa have 
rebounded against him with all 
the force of a returning boomer- 
ang.-Felled partly Tty the weapon 
he demanded, he might comfort 
himself by reflecting on a still 
greater irony that has emerged 
from Lesotho’s political crisis. 
President P.W. Botha and his 
Government in Pretoria have 
proved to everyone else's satis- 
faction that sanctions can work. 

The point ’ should n ot be 
pressed too far. A blockade on 
Lesotho, imposed by foe country 
which surrounds it is a very, 
different proposition from the 
boycott of South Africa itself by 
a . divided and capricious world. 
The tiny kingdom , has always 
been vulnerable - as its septua- 
genarian ex-prime minister has 

In foe end he has been 
removed not by South Africa’s 
forces but bis own. His country- 
men's own reaction to the coup 
which resulted in his overthrow 
has hardly reflected much grief. 
The hardship' which Lesotho has 
suffered, as a result, of the South 
African blockade was foe last 
straw - not the first 

Nor is it clear whether Pre- 
toria, in mounting the blockade, 
was going so far as to try to 


unseat him. On the face of it 
certainly, the South African - 
authorities wanted the return of 
African National Congress 
(AN C) terrorists - and might 
have been satisfied by a policy 
change of this kind. It might yet 
transpire that the overthrow of 
Jonathan was their real objective 
- and that President Botha’s 
hand lay- beneath foe -events of 
this week. Kit so far it looks like 
an unplanned bonus for/ the 
South Africans. ’■ 

The effect of foe coup upon 
foe ANC and its operations' 
remains to be seen. The reaction 
of Pretoria suggests that the new 
regime in Lesotho will be less 
sympathetic, to foe black insur- 
gents, although how actively it 
will discourage them from cross- 
ing the border is another impon- 
derable. Lesotho is such a 
natural haven for those seeking 
sanctuary that it may be difficult 
to keep them out But to some 
extent at least, life for foe ANC is 
likely to be more difficult 

• In a sense the ANC has only 
itself to_ blame. The recent 
concentration of its terrorists on 
“soft" targets in South Africa's 
streets and supermarkets, has 
only, stiffened foe resolve of the 
Pretoria Government and con- 

- soli da ted its support among the 
’ white population. 

The siege of Lesotho may be 
seen as a warning to other front- 
line states which harbour the 
enemies of apartheid. But it also 
reflects Pretoria's - need to re- 
assure anxious whites about 
their Government’s capacity to 
react. If foe ANCs campaign has 
the effect of uniting whites 
behind foe Government - and 
even . inducing them to. call for 
tough policies, it is likely to be 
self-defeating as well as abhor- 
rent. . 

Fortunately, from foe ANCs 
point of view. President Botha’s 
Government seems to suffer 
from similar misperceptions. Its 
obstinacy only limits foe options 
. of those who are bitterly opposed 
rathe system. Mr Botha deserves 
more credit than he is usually 
given for the reforms he has 
introduced - in the face of 
opposition from foe ‘ far right. 
But it is also' true that he needs to 
show more evidence of his 
appetite for fundamental change 
if he is to placate his critics at 
home and abroad. 

Lesotho might be considered a 
small victory for South Africa 
and a reverse for its enemies. But 
it is not one that gives any real 
cause for celebration in Pretoria. 


Last week foe Association of 
University Teachers took “in- 
dustrial action". Its object was to 
protest at foe government’s 
parsimony towards foe univer- 
sities, making the not unreason- 
able point that British university 
education is expensive but that 
.foe quality of its graduates, its 
' scholarship and research more 
than counter-balances. The 
university ideal, the professors 
were arguing (albeit by means of 
a rather ineffective day of 
action), could not be supported 
on the cheap. 

-They have a case, but it is one 
fatally - weakened unless the 
-universities themselves cherish 
foe. academic ideal. That ideal 
encompasses the disinterested 
pursuit of truth and foe creation 
of conditions" for' free and non- 
partisan exchange of knowledge 
an d foe insights of scholarship. 
-The. 'recent conduct of three 
overlapping groups of academics 
- foe “activists” of the Associ- 
ation of University Teachers, foe 
members of foe University of 
Southampton, and university 
archaeologists - has badly in- 
jured it 

Last autumn the academic 
staff, of the . University of- 
Southarapton followed fashion. 

They sacrificed the ideal of free 
inieflectual interchange for foe 
hypocritical fed of banning 
South Africans. - Southampton 
was, this September, to have 
been the site of foe eleventh 
congress of the International 
Union of Prehistoric and Proto- 
historic Sciences, the world 
gathering of archaeologists at 
which some 3,000 were expected 
to attend. The Southampton 
A17T, following its national 
policy, connived with the local 
council and the students' union 
to threaten foe committee orga- 
nizing foe event This com- 
mittee, told, that an effort to 
remove foe congress from- 
Southampton to another British 
venue would provoke . disrup- 
tion, caved in. It “disinvited” 
archaeologists attached to South 
African universities. 

' It happens that South African 
archaeologists have long been an 
embarrassment to the stricter 
believers in white racial super- 
iority. Their discoveries have 
coiitradicted foe official line on 
the history and quality of Bantu 
culture. - Individual South 
African archaeologists have been 
courageous and public critics of 

This was irrelevant. Irrel- 

evant, too, to the Southampton 
academics was foe feet that their 
discrimination against South 
African scholars quite naturally 
provoked others and raised foe 
possibility that Southampton 
would be left to host a rump 
congress attended by a disrepu- 
table group of British, 
Communist and “Third World” 
archaeologists. With the banning 
of the' South Africans and the 
withdrawal of numerous Ameri- 
cans some of the principle 
scientific sessions would have 
been gutted. As a world gather- 
ing the eleventh congress would 
have been a sham. 

Now, thanks to foe West 
Germans and the resolution of 
foe International Union’s execu- 
tive, archaeology is to have its 
congress. It is to take place in 
Mainz and there are -to be no 
bans. Third World scholars who 
are pressured into withdrawing 
because South African colleagues 
will , attend . will alone be the 
losers. The Association of Uni- 
versity Teachers has been 
relieved of embarrassing re- 
sponsibility - for an act of 
academic vandalism. But its 
pusillanimity should not be 
forgotten when foe professors 
make their high, idealistic argu- 
ments for more public funds. 

The missing matron 

From the Director of the National 
Association of Health Authorities in 
England and Walei, 

Sir, The Royal College of Nursing fa 
doing, a disservice to the health 
service in hs expensive campaign to 
overturn the recently agreed man- 
agement structures of health auth- 
orities {Tnrwr Clay, feature, January. 

13)- ... 

- Following • foe Government’s 
acceptance of tbe recommeodations 
made by Sir; Roy Griffiths, health 
authoritlas are appointing general 

managers and revising their manage- 
mem structures to take account of 
these appointments. Most provide 
for medical and nursing member- 
ship of foe top-level district 
management beard.' and nurses 
' generally are playing a vital role in 
management at all levels. 

The implementation of Griffiths 
is leading to more decisive manage- 
ment and stronger leade r ship, which 
is helping, to create an improved 
/service. Tharis why the Royal 
-. CoHege of Nursing is so misguided 
■ in aiming to.- make the Department 
of Health and Social Security lay- 
down to foe last dot and comma, foe 

management structure for each unit 
in the NHS. 

Managers surely cannot be ex- 
pected to operate effectively in a 
climate where they are constantly 
being told what to do by Whitehall. 
Nor can the NHS afford to become 
embroiled in a sterile, management 
demarcation dispute: 

Yours sincerely, 

PHILIP A HUNT* Director, 
National, Association of Health 
Authorities m England and Wales. 
Garth Hotise. 

47 Edgbaston Park Road, 

January 14. 


Time to resolve the crisis over tin 

Front Mr Jacques K. Lion 
Sir, The tin crisis drags on into its 
third month, during which time the 
tin market on the London Metal 
Exchange has r emain ed dosed. It 
must reopen during the next seven 
to 10 days in view of the damage 
being done to our other metal 

France, Germany and the Nether- 
lands have overtly prevented any 
constructive approach to the solu- 
tion of the problem by claiming that, 
according to their interpretation of 
the Internationa] Tin' Agreement, no 
further funds are due from them 
beyond the subscriptions already 

However, the contracts into 
which foe buffer stock manager 
entered with individual brokers were 
not written subject to foe Inter- 
national Tin Agreement and must 
therefore be viewed as a normal 
commercial transaction imposing 
normal commercial obligations, foe 
principal, in this case foe Inter- 
national Tin Council, being respon- 
sible' for l he actions of its agents. 

The default on foe purchase by 
the Tin Council of 63,000 tonnes of 
tin will have incalculable effects on 
international trade for the future if 

governments can so lightly set aside 
the obligations of their contracts, 
causing widespread insolvencies 
amo ngst brokers. It will almost 
certainly result in foe permanent 
closure of the LME for all metals. Its 
knock-on effects will spread to other 
City institutions and banks — the 
foreign^ exchange commitments of 
LME brokers alone amounts to 
more than £6 billion. 

Her Majesty's Government’s 
participation in tin agreements over 
foe past 30 years could surely be 
construed as a form of implied 
warranty so far as credit-worthiness 
is concerned, and if this is so surely 
the case can be argued that in the 
last resort and to protect foe income 
of £200 million per annum which 
the UK. derives from the LME foe 
Bank of England should take over 
foe tin stocks and take legal steps to 
recover their share of losses from the 
defaulting governments. They have 
the time to do so - we haven't. 

Yours sincerely, 


Chairman of foe Board, 

Metal Market & Exchange Co Ltd. 
Plantation House. 

Fenchurch Street, EC3. 

January 18. 

Democracy in politics 

From Mr P. J. M. Sinclair 
Sir. Your leading article (“The 
national interest**, January 16) 
rightly draws attention to foe 
damage which foe Westland affair 
has done to "the dignity of Cabinet 
government" and foe. potential for 
strengthening it if foe right lessons 
are learnt and acted upon. The need 
to do so is urgent, for foe standards 
of political behaviour have surely - 
sunk to a new low in public esteem. 

The -major lesson has nothing to 
do with Westland’s:' it relates to foe 
lack of democracy and especially of 
accountability in the ways in which 
we allow ourselves in Britain to be 
governed. Mr Heseltine’s charge of 
undemocratic practices on the pan 
of the Prime Minister fa not new, 
but it should focus our attention on 
the undemocratic practices which 
are to be found at every level of 
political activity particularly, though 
not exclusively, inside foe Conserva- 
tive Party. 

A member of a local Conservative 
association will seldom be allowed a 
vole, in the choice between compet- 
ing prospective parliamentary candi- 

dates. Our archaic electoral system 
then ensures foal an MP is often 
elected with no popular mandate., 
because more people voted against 
him. or occasionally her. than voted 
in favour. Six out of 10 voted 
against Mrs Thatcher at the last 
election, so she too has never bad a 
popular mandate. 

In foe House of Commons 
Conservative MPs have no say in 
foe choice of foe Cabinet ministers 
who will lead them and, as Mr 
Heselline is only foe latest in a long 
line of former Tory ministers since 
1979' to demonstrate. Cabinet 
ministers are frequently by-passed 
by a Prime Minister who is 
accountable to the electorate only at 
.a general election whose date, 
amazingly, she is allowed to choose. 

If Mr Heseltine were to lead a 
campaign for a more open and 
accountable political system in this 
country he would render a further 
major service to the nation. 

Yours faithfully, 


April Cottage. 

Amersham Road, 

Chalfont St Peter. 


Best of British 

From Lord Hunt ' 

Sir. Roger Scru ton’s article in your 
newspaper of yesterday’s date 
(January 14), “Best of British living 
orf.seeks to persuade your readers 
that, far from any trend towards foe 
United Kingdom becoming a depen- 
dency and outpost of the USA it is 
foe United States which keeps the 
spirit of- our former empire alive 
across foe Atlantic, indeed, he goes 
further by suggesting that the USA is 
itself an outpost of Britain (e.g, “we 
retain our empire in America”). 

Such a claim may appeal to some. 
To myself it is absurd in point of 
feci, and objectionable as a pro- 

Having lived and worked in some 
of our own outposts .of empire 
during the latter days of the British 
Raj, 1 am second to none in 
proclaiming the contributions - in 
ideals as well as in matters of 
substance - which our country has 

left in most of those territories. But 1 
have no illusions about foe exploi- 
tation of power and influence, words 
between which Mr Scruton would 
make so definite a distinction. 

i also wonder why Mr Scruton 
chose to ignore Europe in his article? 
Is it col the central plank in the case 
for building upon the frame-work of 
foe European Community, that the 
future of Britain and its partners in 
Europe should be sought in the 
strengthening a third power in our 
own Continent, whose members will 
speak with one voice in political 
matters and share a common 
economic base? A European power, 
capable of resisting the pressures 
with which it is not in sympathy, 
from whatever quarter they may be 

Is this not at the root of foe 
current issue about foe future of 

Yours faithfully. 


House of Lords. 

Student grants 

From the President of the University 
of Bath Students' Union 
Sir, Once again we are seeing the 
Government offering up students as 
sacrificial Iambs, this time by means 
of minor (sic) adjustments to the 
benefit system. 

For many students, particularly 
those in London or tourist centres 
like Bath, accommodation costs are 
extremely high and they have no 
choice but to pay rental over all 
vacations. At foe moment they can 
do so in the knowledge that they can 
reclaim most (not all) of the cost 
from foe DHSS. 

Taking students out of foe benefit 
system will cost some students as 
much as £500 per year. A trivial £36 
increase in the grant fa clearly pitiful 
compensation for this loss, arid in 
any case for most .students it. will 
merely increase the level of parental 

Mr Newton [Minister for Social 
Security] and Mr Fowler regard the 
present administration costs of 
student benefits as “indefensible” 
(report, January 8). Perhaps they are 
right However, given this Govern- 
ment’s dedication to increased 
efficiency, might it not be more 
reasonable to improve foe adminis- 
tration than remove foe benefits? 
What is absolutely indefensible is for 
the Government to remove essential 

welfare provision purely because of 
administrative costs. 

Yes, Mr Fowler’s proposals will 
remove inefficient administration, 
but at foe same time they will 
remove a very large amount of 
benefit from those who are forced to 
pay bigh rentals, and redistribute 
some of it to all students. Which 
begs the question; “Is foe benefit 
system there to help those in need, 
or to salve the conscience of those 
who aren't by throwing a pittance 
around willy-nilly?”. 

Yours faithfully, 

Students’ Union, 

University of Bath, 

Claverton Down, 



Recovered sounds 

From Mr J. D. Richard 
Sir, When living near High 
Wycombe, I made a pole lathe one 
day - it fa as simple as that - and 
was delighted to hear the “churr- 
churr” described in books as having 
been once a common sound in beech 
woods where bodgers turned chair 
legs, on the spot, from newly felled 

Yours faithfully. 


24 Cavendish Road, Henleaze. 
Bristol. Avon. 

Threat to British 
defence projects 

From the Leader of the Social 
Democratic Party 

Sir, Your editorial (“And foe 
spenders go on spending”, January 
(6) contains a salutary warning for 
all politicians. Your claim that the 
Defence budget is “facing small cuts 
over the next three years” is, 
however, a travesty. 

In fact, the Defence budget is now 
set to fall by £1.2 billion in real 
terms over the next three years, a 
total cut of 7 per cent. This poses a 
major threat to existing conven- 
tional defence projects if you. Sir, 
like the Government, continue to 
support the Trident missile pro- 
gramme. and continue to rail against 
any negotiations with the Argenti- 
nians over foe Falkland Islands. 

Or will The Times rethink its 
policy - advocate a cheaper and 
more modest replacement for 
Polaris; support discussing the 
sharing of sovereignty of the 
.Falkland Islands or foe transfer of 
sovereignty to the LIN? 

It is probable that foe real-terms 
decline in defence expenditure will 
■ be even more serious than predicted. 
Defence spending costs have tended 
to rise .by about 1 per cent per 
annum more than the general rate of 
inflation and Forces pay is expected 
: to rise by 4 per cent in 1 986/87 - the 
■same year when foe Defence budget 
is due to fall by S.8 per cent, or half a 
billion pounds. 

In ‘ considering Mr Heseltine’s 
' resignation it ought not to be 
forgotten that he had accepted a 
public expenditure White Paper 
which will have more damaging 
consequences for our conventional 
defence effort in foe medium term 
than you appear to recognise. 

Yours sincerely. 


House of Commons. 

January 20.- 

Doctors’ exams 

Front Dr P. Edney 

Sir. Your report last week (January, 
10) about the poor performance by 
doctors taking the examination for 
the Royal College of General 
Practitioners failed to point out the 
weakness of the exam itself. 

Medicine is a very practical 
profession, assessing and diagnosing 
patients' problems and advising or 
prescribing treatment 

The RCGP examination is purely 
a written and oral test, with not one 
patient in foe building. This fa not 
the case for foe final examinations 
taken by medical students, and 
certainly the royal colleges of 
surgeons and physicians assess their 
prospective entrants on their practi- 
cal techniques with patients. 

Your faithfully, 


1 39 Bumgreave Road, 


January 15. 

Sticking to the rules 

From Mrs Philip Chester 
Sir. My husband bought 1.000 
Britoil shares in the 1982/3 privati- 
zation issue. We were sad when their 
value went down but cheered by foe 
promise of a one-for-ten bonus to 
faithful small shareholders in 1985. 

But my husband died in 1983. foe 
shares came to me, and' I now leant 
that they don't qualify' for the bonus 
because they've changed hands since 
the issue. This was in foe prospectus, 
and Britoil are sticking to it. 

The implication seems to be that 
my husband knew the rules and if be , 
didn't propose to keep them, by 
staying alive until December 1985, 
he shouldn’t have bought the shares. 

Not very kind, or fair, or 
encouraging to the small share- 
holders the Government is said to. 
love so much. And surely not 
impossible, nor vastly expensive, to 
rectify retrospectively? 

Yours faithfully. 


10 Can on bury Park South, Nl. 
January 9. 

In the bag 

From Dr Barbara Reynolds 
Sir. In view of their Lordships’ 
interest in foe contents of the 
Woolsack, may L through the 
courtesy of your correspondence 
columns, remind them that investi- 
gation may be more urgently needed 
than they perhaps realize? 

In 1921 Lord Peter Wimsey’s 
detective instinct led him to ask for 
foe Woolsack to be opened. Inside 
were foe Artenbuiy emeralds - more 
uncomfortable to sit on. one would 
imagine, than felted wooL 
Yours faithfully. 

Chairman, Dorothy L. Sayers 
Historical and Literary Society), 

220 Milton Road. 


Januarv 1 7. 

Law centre at risk 

Front Lord Si/kin of Dulwich and 

Sir. As foe present and former 
members of Parliament, and foe 
member of the European Parlia- 
ment, for foe constituencies of the 
London borough of Southwark, we 
are acutely aware of foe need of our 
constituents for the services pro- 
vided by our local law centre, 
Southwark Law Project. 

Since its formation in late 1976 
foe law project has given advice and 
assistance to many thousands of our 
constituents who would not other- 
wise have had access to foe law. 

Law centres such as ours are 

accessible outside office hours; cover 
legal matters which are of great 
importance but are generally outside 
the scope of the legal aid scheme, or 
which private firms for various 
reasons do not handle. 

We would, single out in particular 
legal action for public and private 
tenants: representations before the 
industrial tribunal and other tri- 
bunals: home visiting by advisers to 
foe disabled or housebound; legal 

assistance to many voluntary organ- 
isations which do not have the funds 
to pay a private solicitor. 

In Southwark these services are 
being offered in a highly competent 
and cost-effective way. 

Law centres nationally receive a 
minute proportion of foe total costs 
of legal services paid for by central 
government. Now, even this is at 
risk, because the most common 
form of funding law centres. Urban 
Aid. fa gradually coming to an end 
without any guaranteed alternative 
being offered. 

To operate effectively law centres 
need secure long-term funding free 
from political interference. It has 
been suggested that the local 
authorities should take this on and a 
few have done so. 

We do not believe that individual 
local authorities are best placed to 
provide such fending. Firstly, much 
of the work of 1 the law centres 
involves conflict with the local 
authority itself, e.g.. as landlord, 
employer or provider of services. 
There is therefore a potential 
conflict of interest which can 
endanger the independence of 
centres or their continued funding 

Secondly, foe sums required to 
fund law centres, whilst small in 
relation to legal services nationally, 
represent a significant proportion of 
the total funds available for local 
grant aid. for which there are many 
seekers. In our view, this will make 
it difficult for local councils to take 
over law centre fending as a new 
long term commitment, on the scale 
which would be needed. 

We therefore consider that long- 
term central government funding is 
essential. We hope to win the 
support of MPs of all parties and 
members of the House of Lords in 
our effort to persuade foe Govern- 
ment to act soon on this matter, to 
ensure the survival of this valuable 

service to some of foe most needy 
parts of Britain. 

Yours faithfully, 







c/o Southwark Law Project, 

29-35 Lordship Lane, SE22. 

January 10. 


JANUARY 22 1896 

A selection from two pages of “ Latest 
Intelligence ". 


BRUSSELS. Jan. 19. 

Further news from the Congo Free 
State has been furnished through a 
letter addressed to a friend at Namur 
by a missionary residing at the station 
situated at the junction of the Upper 
Congo and the KassaL After referring 
to the murder of M. Peltzer at 
Luluaburg. he adds.* — 

"But this is stale news. What is more 
recent is that the number of whites 
killed in this district amounted to ten! 
They were killed by the rebel soldiers 
(B state las), who had been enrolled in 
the Luhiabmg district. Though the 
Batatelas are not numerous, they were 
sufficiently so to furnish the hundred 
soldiers who organized the rebellion. 
The remainder of the tribe fa at 

"The disturbance spread to the 
region of the Upper T-nrnami fomented 
as it now appears, by the Arabs. Major 
Lothaire went to Lnhiaburg with 300 
soldiers. He received a spear wound and 
a bullet wound. I do not know whether 
be died of these or not. Proceeding 
higher, they say five whites were killed 
in the Upper Welle. On the Mongalfa 
the victims were M. Liebrechts, 
director of the Antwerp Society of 
Commerce, and his colleague M. 
D ex-adder, M_ Chaitia has scoured 
Mongwange, where Keeland was killed. 
All the Itimbixi country has been 
reduced to order. 

“The mission of Father Garxnyn at 
KalaDa Kafumba fa destroyed. It was 
robbed and pillaged by his people 
themselves, who burned down the 
buildings. Out of 500 only 200 followed 
Father Garmyn into the forest. At the 
end of a month (when we had given 
him up for dead! be emerged from the 
bush near Lusambo. He is now at the 
mission-station of Saint Trudon, near 
the fatter place.” 


OTTAWA, Jan.21. 

The Government has practically 
decided to purchase 40/100 stand of 
Martini-Enfield rifles with which to 
arm the Canadian militia. The 
authorities here consider the mechan- 
ism of the magazine rifle too delicate 
for the weapon to be placed in the 
hands of raw troops. It fa therefore 
proposed to confine its use to the 
permanent force, which is already 
armed with it. The new weapon chosen 
will have the Martini action with an 
Enfield three-grooved barrel, and will 
carry a .303 bullet, the same as the Lee- 
Metford. Hence only one cIabw of 
ammunition will be required in 
Canada, whether for the Imperial 
forces, the Canadian regulars, or the 
militia. The authorities here greatly 
appreciate the assistance which the 
Imperial Government fa rendering 
them in the selection of their new 
weapon.- Our Correspondent. 


CAPE TOWN, Jan. 20. 

The Portugese transport Africa, with 
the captured chief Gungunhana on 
board, fa in Table Bay. -Our Correspon- 

LISBON. Jan. 20. 
The newspapers published to-day 
furnished some corrections of the news 
given previously. Instead of 300 men 
the number who returned here by the 
steamer Zaire yesterday fa now given as 
nearly 800. of whom 717 belonged to 
the African expedition. Sixteen men 
died on the voyage. Of those who 
arrived 103 were seriously invalided, 
and most of the remainder were in a 
most pitiful and e m acia t ed state, 
owing, undoubtedly, as much to want of 
proper medical appliances and nourish- 
ment as to the climate of Africa. The 
poor fellows, who exhibited signs of 
intense suffering, met with a hearty 
reception from the populace, , who 
noisily gave vent to their feelings of joy 
and patriotism all night long in the 
brilliantly- illuminated streets. But 
surely such demonstrations might be 
turned to more practical purposes if the 
Portuguese displayed more industry 
and occasionally gave their earnings to 
some beneficial object instead of 
squandering their money in holidays. 
There have already been six holidays 
this month, and many more are to 
follow between this and the end of 
February. To-day there fa a thanksgiv- 
ing service at Belem Cathedral and a 
gala performance at the Opera, to 
which members of the foreign 
diplomatic corps have been invited. 


KUMASSL Jan.21. 

The while troops will leave here to- 
morrow on their return to the coast 
King Prempeh goes with them as a 
prisoner under an escort furnished by 
the West Yorkshire battalion. 

Rumours are prevalent that the 
Ashantis contemplate an attempt to 
kill or rescue their King. A site fa being 
prepared for the erection of a fort. The 
Denkera levies are returning to their 
own country. - Reuter's Special 



A large meeting of Irishmen in 
Sydney, over which Cardinal Moran 
presided, has decided to form a rifle 
corps for the defence of Australia. Dr. 
Warren. amiH great enthusiasm, 
declared that Mr. Redmond's state- 
ment that Ireland would take 
advantage of England's distress was a 
gross libel on Irishmen, who had no 
sympathy with that sentiment. The 
Irish were ever ready to shed their 
blood in defence of the country. . 

At Auckland a large meeting has 
resolved to form a branch of the Navy 
League. A resolution of loyalty to the 
Throne and admiration of Lord. 
Salisbury was carried with enthusiasm. 

Staying power 

From Mrs lone Adams 
Sir, For Mr Butler's (January 16) 
information. I am still wearing 
constantly a naval sweater obtained 
by my husband on joining the Navy 
in 1936. This was foe year of my 
birth and I am intending to wear it 

to the end. It washes, it wears, it 
warms and only the cuffs have been 

Yours truly, 


The Oxdrove House, 










January .21: By command of The. 
Queen. tF»e Viscount Long (Lord in' 
"ailing) was present at Heathrow 
Airport. London this morning upon 
the departure of The King of the 
Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and 
hade fereweii to His Majesty on 
behalf of Her Majestv. 

January 21: The Princess Anne, Mrs 
Mart Phillips* Patron of the Riding 
for the Disabled .Association, this 
evening attended a Fashion Show in 
aid of the Association at Guildhall. 
London. EC2, 

Mrs Maicotm Wallace was in 

January 21: Queen Elizabeth The 
Queen Mother was represented by 
Sir Martin G cilia t at the Memorial 
Service for Vice-Admiral Sir 
Conolly Abel ’Smith which was held 
in The Queen's Chapel of the Savoy 


Mrs Patrick Campbell-Preston has 
succeeded Rush, Lady Fermoy as 
Lad-.-in-Waiu'ng to Her Majestv" 
January 21: Ttoe Princess or Wales. 
Patron. Birthright, this morning 
opened the Harris Birthright 
Research Centre for Early Preg- 
nancy at St Mary’s Hospital. 
London. W2. 

Mrs George West and Lieutenant- 
Commander Richard Aylard, RN 
were in attendance. 

The Prince of Wales was rep- 
resented by Rear-Admiral Sir 
Richard Trowbridge at the Mem- 
orial Service for Vice-Admiral Sir 
Conolly Able Smith, which was held 
in The Queen’s Chapel of the Savoy 

January 21: Princess Alice. Duchess 
of Gloucester was represented by Ll- 
Col Sir Simon Bland ai ihc 
Memorial Service for Vice-Admiral 
Sir Conolly Abel Smith which wm 
held in The Queen's Chapel of the 
Savoy today. 


January 2 1: The Duke of KcnL 
President, this evening attended a 
reception during the "Rule Briitan- 
nia" Exhibition in aid of the Royal 
National Lifeboat Institution at 
Sotheby’s, London W I . 

Sir "Richard Buckley was in 

January 21: Princess Alexandra and 
the Hon Angus Ogilvy were 
entertained at luncheon by His 
Excellency the Canadian High 

Commissioner and Mrs McMunry 
at 3 Grosvcnor Square. W I . 

Miss Mona Mitchell was in 

In the evening Her Royal 
Highnc&s. Patron of the National 
Birthday Trust, was present at a 
Recital given by John Lift in aid of 
the Trust at St John’s. Smith 
Square. 5W I . 

Lady Angela Whueley was in 

Princess Alexandra was rep- 
resented by the Hon Angus Ogilvy 
at the Memorial Service for Vice- 
Admiral Sir Conolly Abel Smith 
which as held in The Queen's 
Chapel of the Savoy today. 

January 21: The Princess Margaret. 
Countess of Snowdon was rep- 
resented by Major The Lord Napier 
and Eurick at the Memorial Service 
for Vice-Admiral Sir Conolly Abel 
Smith which was held in The 
Queen’s Chapel of the Savoy today. 

A memorial service for Mr Robert 
Graves will be held at St James’s. 
Piccadilliy. at 1 lam. today. 

A memorial service for Sir Neil 
Marten will be held at St Margaret’s. 
Westminster, at noon today. 

A memorial service for Mrs John 
(SheenaJ Finlay will be held at the 
Temple Church at 5pm today. 

A memorial service for Sir William 
Pennington- Ramsden will be held at 
St Mary’s. Turwcsion. nr BrackJey. 
on Friday, January 24, at j pm. 

Latest appointments 

Latest appointments include: 

Mr Derek Tonkin. Ambassador- 
designate to Thailand, to be 
additionally Ambassador (non-rcsi- 
dentl to Laos, in succession to Mr 
H. A. J. Staples. 

Mr John Macrae. Ambassador to 
Senegal, to be additionally Am- 
bassador (non-resident) to Mali, in 
succession to Mr P. L O’Keeffe. 

Mr S. A- Bowes Lyon to be Lord- 
Lieu tenant for Hertfordshire, in 
succession io Major-General Sir 
George Bums. 

Mr J. T. Eaton to be Loird-Licuien- 
am for Londonderry, in succession 
to Mr T. F. Cooke. 

Mr Christopher Tugendhst to be 
Chairman the Council of the Royal 
Institute of International A flairs 
(Chatham House). 

Birthdays today. 

Miss Mary Hayley Bell. 72: Admiral 
Sir Lindsay Bryson. 61 : the 
Dowager Viscountess Colville of 
Culross. Si: Sir John Cotton, 77; Sir 
Charles Davis. 77; Mr J. H. Doggart, 
86; Commander the Hon J. Tapling 
Fremantle. 59: Lord Hughes. 75: Mr 
John Hurt. 46: Air Chief Marshal 
Sir Wallace Kyle, 76: Mr John Last, 
46: Baroness Lockwood, 62; Vice- 
Admiral Sir Lancelot Peile. 81; Sir 
Alfred Ramscv. 66; Dr Denis 
Rebbeck. 72; Sir Hilary Talbot. 74; 
Sir Graham Wilkins. 62. 

Degree for king 

Oxford University dons yesterday 
supported a proposal to give King 
Juan Carlos of Spam an honorary 


HM Government 
Mrs Lynda Chalkcr. Minister of 
State for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs, was host yesterday at 
a luncheon at Lancaster House 
given in honour of the High 
Commissioner for Ghana. 

Gtorers' Company 
The Lord Mayor and Lady 
Mayoress were presented with a 
selection of British-made gloves by 
Mr Frederick Caine. Master of the 
Glovers’ Company, at a livery 
luncheon held yesterday at Skin- 
ners’ Hall. Sir Allan Davis 
distributed prizes to the winners of 
the Glove Guild of Great Britain's 
annual design competition and the 
Palmer medal to the best student in 
leather technology aL Nene College, 

Institute of Directors 
An Institute of Directors, city 
branch, luncheon meeting was held 
yesterday at the Elizabeth Soite. 
Barrington House. 59-67 Gresham 
Street. EC2. Mr Donald Chiivers 
was in the chair. The guest speaker 
was Mr Robert' Alexander. QC, 
Chairman of the Bar. 


Royal Society of Medicine 
Sir John Walton, President of the 
Royal Society of Medicine, 
accompanied by Lady Walton, 
presided at a dinner held last night 
at I Wimpole Street after a meeting 
or the council. Sir Zelman Cowen, 
QC, was the guest speaker. 

Committee of Directors of 

The Committee of Directors of 
Polytechnics gave a dinner last night 
at the Ironmongers' Hall to mark 
Industry Year 1986 and the 
achievements of the polytechnics. 
The toasts were proposed by Sir 
Monty Finnision. FRS. Sir Edwin 
Nixon and the committee's chair- 
man, Dr Harry Law. 


Viscount Coke 

and Mrs S. de Chair 

The marriage took place on January 

16. in Norfolk, between Viscount 

Coke and Mrs Sarah de Chair. 

and Mrs F. B. Rogers 
The marriage took place on 
Wednesday, January 1 5, in St 
James's Church, Piccadilly, between 
Mr Christopher Fildes, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs D. G. Fildes. of 
Manley. Cheshire, and Mrs Frede- 
rica Rogers, elder daughter of the 
late Mr and Mrs Edmund Parker 
Lord, of Framingham Centre. 
Massachusetts, and Sarasota. Flori- 
da. The Rev Donald Reeves 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by Mr Robin Sandberg, 
was attended by Miss Lucasia 
Rogers and Mrs Constance O’Sulli- 
van. Mr Jason Fildes was best man. 

Captain John Eames (left). British Airways’ senior pilot, and Mr Brian Trobshaw 
(centre), the Conner Concorde test pilot, celebrate the supersonic airliner’s first 10 years 
of commercial flying with a huge birthday cake at festivities in London yesterday. Lord 
King of Wartnaby, the airline's chairman, looks on (Photograph: Bill Warhnrst). 

Top price 
for rainy 

By Geraldine Norman 

A turn of the century view of 
Piccadilly in the rain by Herbert 
Menzies Marshall secured the top 
price in Sotheby's watercolour sale 
yesterday at £9,020 (estimate 

The sale, timed to coincide with 
the "World of Watercolours and 
Drawings" lair at the Park Lane 
HoteL which opens today, made 
£204,457 with 18 per cent unsold, 
an unusually high percentage for 
this type of sale. 

Other high prices included a 
colourful watercolour by Myles 
Birket Foster. "Fruit shop, Rialto 
Market. Venice" at £8.580 (estimate 
£5.000-£7,000). which was bought 
by. the Duke Street. Old Master 
dealers. Harari and Johns. 

A view of Eton College chapel by 
Anna Alma-Tadema, daughter of 
the famous limner of classical 
scenes, made £7,150 (estimate 

Sotheby’s sale of English and 
Continental furniture at Billings- 
hursL West Sussex, made £122,941 
with 25 per cent unsold. There are 
reports in the trade that the 
Americans have recently pulled out 
of the English furniture market and 
this could explain the high unsold 

Oxford University 
Rag Charity Ball 

The Oxford University Rag Charity 
Ball will be held at the Oxford 
Union on Saturday March 8. All 
profits will be donated to charity. 
Further details may be obtained 
from Mr Charles Carrcr, Oriel 
College. Oxford. 

Science report 

When Stone Age man discovered his dexterity 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

A young scientist who has made 
hundreds of stone tools to 
understand what onr ancestors did 
with them has raised intriguing 
questions about some of the 
established beliefs. 

An unexpected result of his 
research Is also to shed light on 
the subject of left and right- 

The main Issne raised by Mr 
Nicholas Toth, an archaeologist at 
the Institute of Human Origins, 
University of California, at 
Berkeley, is about toolmaking 
itself. He suggests that the stone 
remnants, which are the most 
durable artifacts of prehistoric 
human activity, sometimes had 
more sophisticated purposes than 
had been recognized. 

Some of the blocks of stone from 
which chips had been flaked, 
leaving one of the so-called core 
tools needed for chopping or 
scraping, were not in fact produced 
deliberately. According to Mr 
Toth the important objects were 
the flakes, and the core forma were 
the “waste". 

What the primitive man of 1-5 
million years ago did was to make 
sharp flake "blades" which he 
took, say, hunting. Alter an animal 
was killed, only the useful meat 
and skin was taken. 

An account of his research is 
contained in Science. It describes 
the length of time it took him to 
acquire the skill of stone knapping 
to reproduce closely the objects of 
the earliest primitives. 

Mr Toth concentrated on the 
oldest known stone tools, made 
approximately 15 million years 
ago, and he compared the ones he 
made with those at the excavation 
of Lake Tnrkana in northern 

It was in earlier development 
that Mary Leakey produced a 
classification of the earliest 
core tools, choppers, disco ids, 
spheroids and so on. during her 
work at Olduvai Gorge in 
Tanzania. The flakes were re- 
garded as waste. 

In addition to his conclusions 
about the more complicated nature 
of the primitive man's "tool kit". 
Mr Toth disclosed some new 
aspects of the dexterity' of the early 
hominids. Whereas 90 per cent of 

modern humans are right-handed, 
making ns different from the rest 
of the apes which are 50-50, it was 
not always so. 

In cultivating his skills at stone 
knapping, Mr Toth Found that 
right-handers produced slightly 
more flakes that had a crescent 
shape on the right side of the 
object. Left-handers did the 

He then looked at a number of 
sites to see if there were obvious 
biases in handedness. What he 
found was an increasing associ- 
ation with right-handedness hi 
sites that progressed to more 
advanced tools. Older sites had 
more lelt-bandezs. 

Source: Science vol 231, pi 13-115, 

Successor to Bruno 
Heim named 

By Clifford Longley, Religious Affairs Correspondent 

The Vatican has appointed one 
of its most distinguished diplo- 
mats, Archbishop Luigi Barba- 
rito. to be the Pope's official 
representative in London. He 
will be the second to hold the 
title Apostolic Pronuncio at the 
Court of St James's. 

Tlie announcement in Rome 
yesterday ended more than six 
months of speculation. It 
appears that the exceptionally 
long vacancy - the previous 
pronuncio. Archbishop Bruno 
Heim, left last August - is 
explained by the Queen's 
forthcoming visit to Australia, 
where Archbishop Barbarito is 

He is the senior diplomat in 
Canberra by length of service, 
and therefore dean of the 
Diplomatic Corps there, in 
which capacity he has been 
responsible for some of the 
diplomatic protocol surround- 
ing the royal visit 

He is aged 63, Italian by 
birth, although a fluent English 

.After his ordination in 2944 
he obtained a doctorate in 
canon law at the Gregorian 
University in Rome, and 
became prominent assisting the 
work of various Roman Cath- 

olic lay movements, and an 
interest in the Catholic laity he 
has retained throughout his 
career. He joined the Holy See's 
diplomatic service and ids first 
posting was to Australia as a 

After six years he joined the 
Vatican curia, and was at the 
Secretariat of State there for a 
further eight years, including 
the period of Pope John 
XXriTs pontificate and the 
Second Vatican Cquncfl. After 
further diplomatic service in 
Paris he became nuncio in 
Haiti, the most spectacular 
period of his career. 

Archbishop Barbarito be- 
came involved as a mediator in 
the struggle for power in Haiti 
between President Duvalier 
("Papa Doc”) and opposition 
forces. He is said to have been 
instrumental in securing certain 
improvements in human rights 

He was subsequently papal 
representative to a group of 
central .African countries, and 
returned to Australia as apos- 
tolic pronuncio in 1978. In that 
capacity he met the Archbishop 
of Canterbury, Dr Robert 
Runcie, during the latter's visit 
there last year. 

Memorial service 

Sir Conolly Abel 

S mith 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mather 
was represented by Lieutenant- 
Colonel Sir Martin Gilliat and the 
Prince of Wales by Rear-Admiral 
Sir Richard Trowbridge at a 
memorial service for Vice-Admiral 
Sir Conolly Abel Smith held 
yesterday m The Queen’s Chapel of 
the Savoy. 

Princess Margaret was rep- 
resented hy Major Lord Napier and 
Ettrick, Princess Alice Duchess of 
Gloucester by Lieutenant-Colonel 
Sir Simon Bland, Prince Michael of 
Kent by Colonel Michael Fanner 
and Princess Alexandra by the- Hon 
Angus Ogilvy. 

The Rev John Williams, Chap- 
lain of the Royal Victorian Order, 
officiated, assisted by the Rev J. A. 
K_ Millar. Mr John Abd Smith and 
Rear-Admiral Colin Madden read 
the lessons and Lord Charteris of 
Amisfield gave an address. Among 
others present were: 

Lady Mary AM SntfUi (wtdowi. Mr and 
Mn M J Atwl Smith <*on ana tfausftccr-in- 

Ravcn. Mrs CUU M»d«Mn._ viee-Ad gdral 
Sir and Lady Angel* Dawns'. R*ar- 

Adnural and Mn J Adams- Mr Jonn 
MaOeod of Madeod. Mn D Madaod. 

Mr Goon SarauMaon. UniunalCHaml 

and Mn L AM Smith. Mr and Mrs Ruben 

Abel smith. Kathleen Lady Scott. Mr s 

Scott, the Duke or File, the Carl of Macduff. 

Mr Lionel Ab*t-6miih. Mr RoMK <3edL 

Cirnidt. MT and Mn Joba Sherman. 

and Lady John Kerr. Lord and Lady Elton. 

Commander and Mrs j Findlay, the Hon 

Malcolm and Lad v Martota Now. Mr 

coUa Malcnlrascm. Colonel l M H Moore. 

The Duchess of Oration, the Margneet ef 
Lothian. Earl Spencer, the Dowager 
Countess at Radnor. Vbcount Hood. Lady 

Adeane. Lord and Lady Dao* Of Glutton. 

Lady Mary Ftndiay. the Hon Fiona 
Campbell, lieutenant Colonel Sir Delnval 

and Lady Cottar. Lady Studhoim*. Lady 

Douglas Pennant. Lieutenant Colonel Str 

John Mnv, Lady (Edgar? Bonham Carter. 

Dame Jean Maacwan- Scott. Vice-/ 

vice- Admiral 

Sir Alastalr and Lady Ewing. Rear-Admiral 
Sir Hugh and Lady JaMan. Or Edward 
Ford. CSlouel Sir vtvtan Dunn. RM. Hear 
| Admiral Sir Patrick Morgan. Hrar-Admind 

Sir PaulCreeninsaweaentlng Flag amour 

Rovw Yachts and ofllcws and men of HMY 

law). Captain and Mn R Wouipa. ponton 
’ - tr Cl Wolrtoe 

fson-tn-law and dauditerL Mr 

~ ■ ■ ‘ u«o. Mi. 

Cordon lorandsorO, Mn John Abd Oman. 
~ V and Ouveri 


Mr and Uie Hon Mn Edmund BrudmeU. 

Rear-Admiral O B Badhurat trep raa a / iOng 

the Admiralty Board). RaarAdmbm and 
Mrs j H Adams. Lieutenant-Colonel George 
West (r e pre sent i ng me Master of the 
llonsshobC. Captain DnM Wdan of 
AUdunacoy. Lieutenant -Colonel L R D 
Macintosh of MadnMh. Commander D C 
White (Fleet Air Ann MueeumJ. 

Commander G R Woototon. MBs Annette 

Bosanquet. MBs Markka BosanquaC Mr 

Davtd Bosanquet. Mrs 8 FVrwden. Captain 
M K Chvanagh-Maio waring. Mrs P E 
Langford (chairman. Rkttne for me 
Dm bled), captain N I C KeffleweO. RN 

Alexander and Othrar Abel S m ith. Mr and 
Mrs Michael Stanley, Str Nicholas and Lady 

Crept eaahttao Royal Yachte Stoval^Offlcera). 

Good Ison. Mrs John Raven. MBs Zone Abd 

Smith. Mr and Mrs Ian McLoan. Lady 

Chart arts of AraBOdd. Mr and Mr* Wilfred 

Abd Smith. Mr and Mrs Raluh Abd Smith. 
Mr and Mn David Abd Smith. MBs Jane 

Commander and Mrs Michad Wi 
Philip Colville. Mrs Leo Seymour. Mr NeD 
Hug hes Onslow. Mr Robert Golden. Captain 

Derek O'Reilly (Royal Naval Efcueetrtan 
Association). Mr Samuel 

„ J Scott. Miss Angela 

BowTby. Captain F Bnan. Mr John Grace 
and Colonel and Mrs w H Whitbread. 



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Cnvldrd 533 16 for enquiries cnh. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr J. H- R. Dmlryraple Hamilton 
and Miss P. M. D. Metcalfe 
The engagement is announced 
between James, younger son of 
Captain North Daliymple Hamilton 
of Baigany. RN, and the laie Hon 
Mrs Daliymple Hamilton, and 
Pippa. only daughter of Major and 
Mrs David Metcalfe, of Minchin- 
hampton, Gloucestershire. 

Mr D. J. Griffin 
and Miss S. J. Yorke 
The engagement is announced 
between David, only son of the late 
Mr J. G. Griffin and Mis G. M. 
Griffin, of Rocfcbcare. Devon, and 
Sarah, .eldest daughter- of Mr and 
Mrs J. H. Yorke, of St Leonard’s-on- 
Sea. East Sussex. 

Mr T. Magee 
and Miss J. Beaman 
The engagement is announced 
between Ti m. only son of the Rev J. 
L. and Mrs Magee, of Blaisdon, 
Gloucestershire, and Jane, only 
daughter of Mrs R. Bearman and 
the late Mr Frank Bearman, of 
Barton le Clay, Bedfordshire. 

Mr W.J. Bailey 
and MissS. A. Skinner 
The engagement is announced 
between William, only son of the 
late Mr Lionel Bailey and Mrs 
Pamela Bailey, of The Royal 
Esplanade Hotel, Rydc. Isle of 
Wight, and Alexandra, only daugh- 
ter of Mr R. M- Skinner, of 
Lindfield. Sussex, and Mrs D. M. 
Cartland, of Brighton. Sussex. 

Mr M. C. B. Hoare . 
and Miss J. B. Lee 
The engagement is announced 
between Marie, younger son of 
Captain and Mrs E. M. B. Hoare, of 
Alford, Surrey, and Joanna, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs H. S. Lee, 
ofOiorleywood, Hertfordshire. 

Dr D. R. Carrie 
and Dr R- A. Mason 
The marriage has been arranged 
between Donald, son of the late Dr 
Ian T. Carrie and Dr Marie Carrie, 
of Sherbum. Malton. Yorkshire, 
and Rebecca, elder daughter of the 
late Mark L. Mason. FRCS and o( 
Mrs Rita Mason, of Snaresbrook, 

Mr J. Jones 
and Miss S. Buckley 
The engagement is announced 
between Julian, younger son of Mr 
and Mrs A M. Jones, of Warsash, 
Hampshire, and Marie-Lndorie, 
youngest daughter of Mrs Sabine 
Buckley and the late Mr James 
Buckley, of Bnrridge, Hampshire. 

Mr N. J. Marshal! 
and Miss J. A. D. Barker 
The engagement is announced 
betyreen Neil, only son of Mr and 
Mrs D. J. Marshall, of Chelsficld 
Village. Kent, and Julie, cider 
daughter of Mr and Mrs K. R_ 
Barker, of Amersham; Buckingham- 

and Miss H. S. E. M. Courtanld 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher Jimmy, youn- 
ger son of Mr and Mrs J. A. 
Couldrcy. of Nairobi, Kenya and 
Henrietta, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs G. Courtauid, of Colne 
Engaine. Essex. 

Mr R. G. Kemp 
and Miss L. M. Phillips 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, son of Mr and Mrs 
W. K_ Kemp, of Little Canfield, 
Essex, and Lucinda, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs A. Phillips, of Bishop's 
S tort ford. Hertfordshire. 

and Miss J. J. Maude 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles, son of the late 
Wladek and Sopbie Miller, of 
London, and Julia Jane; daughter of 
Brigadier and Mrs N. S. E. Maude, 
of Priory Farmhouse, WheaihUl, nr 
Somerton. Somerset. 

Mr J. O’Neal 
and Miss F. Harris 

The engagement is announced 
between Jon .O’Neill and Fiona, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs A. H. 
Harris, of Norwich, Norfolk. 

Captain S. C. Day 
and Miss JU M. Cartmefl 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon Crispin, son of the 
late Mr M. H. Day and Mrs T. M. 
Hartley and stepson of Major (retd) 
T. M. Hartley, MBE. of Itehen 
Abbas. Hampshire and Louise 
Mary, daughter of Mr W. B. 
CarunelL BVSc. _ MRCVS, of 
gw anm ore. Hampshire. 

Dr J. J. Lowes 
and Miss J. Hornby 
The engagement is announced 
between John, son of Dr P. D. 
Lowes, of Geneva, and Mrs L A. 
Lowes. of Bristol, and Juliet, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs' R. P. 
Hornby, ofLandon. 

.Professor. JD. X. MyddeJ ton. 

and Mrs H. d’Abo 
The engagement is announced 
between David, eldest son of Dr and 
Mrs Geoffrey Myddeltoo, of 
Glutieres. Switzerland, and Hather- 
ley, elder daughter of Mr and Mrs J. 
Ferguson, of Florida. 

Mr I. C Madennan 
and Dr S.L. Janes 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian. elder son of Mr and 
Mrs A B. Madennan, of Chambesy, 
Switzerland, and Sarah, cider 
daughter of Mr A. S. Janes and Mis 
A. Janes, of Peaslake, Surrey. 

MrG. Parnell 
and Miss C. A. Whitlock 
The engagement is announced 
between Graham, son of Mr and 
Mrs B. E. Pisrnell. of Bassett, 
Southampton, and Charlotte, 
daughter of Mr G. R. Whitlock and 
the late Mrs M. Whitlock, of 
Maidstone. KcnL 

Mr N.S. Fowler 

and Miss J. E- Hornsby 

The engagement is announced 

between Nicholas Stephen, youngest 

son of Mrs Cynthia Fowler and ihe 

late Squadron Leader J. G. Fourier. 

of Hadley Wood, Hertfordshire and 
Julian Elizabeth, eldest daughter of 

the Rrv E and Mrs Hornsby, of 
Chilboltoa. Hampshire. 

Mr J. F. McCready 
and Miss A. J. Perrean 
The engagement is announced 
between John, son of the late Mr 
Robert McCready and of Mrs 
McCready, of 8 Devonshire Place, 
London, Wi, and Alison, younger 
daughter of the late Lieutenant- 
Colonel M. J. Perreau and of Mrs 
Pencau, Gold Hill, Famham, 

Mr M. 5. Roberts 
-. and Miss A- ran Gorkam 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael, elder son of Mis 
M_ Roberts and the late Mr H. O. 
Robots, of Almondbury, Hudders- 
field. Yorkshire, and Anneraarie. 
daughter of Mr and Mrs HL van 
Gorkum, of Corclcy. Ludlow, 
Shropshire. ' 

\ CL 




British nuclear submarine. 

Rear-Admiral C. A* ^ 
Wilson. CB Who died on 
11 at the age of 79, wu 
Rear-Admiral Nudear. Propul- 
sion and Deputy 
Chief (Nuclear Propulsion) 
from 1 957 to 1 959. 

As such be had responsibility 
in the Admiralty for nuclear 
propulsion and had general 
direction of Ihe naval s^tion of 
the Atomic Energy 
Establishment at Harwell where 
the first nuclear power plant for 
a British submarine was de- 
signed and built. 

Guy Austen Moore Wilson 
entered tf* Navy it 13 
the Royal Naval Colleges 
Osborne and Darnnouth.^ He 
then trained at the Royal Naval 
Engineering College, Keyham, 
winning the Newman Memorial 
prize, and subsequently under- 
went the advanced engineering 
course at the Royal Naval 
College Greenwich. 

Before his promotion to 
Commander he had served 
twice with the Engmeer-m- 
Chiefs department at the 
A dmira lty on the design of 
naval machinery, particularly in 
aircraft carriers, and twice m 
Portsmouth dockyard as well as 
in a number of ships. 

He was Commander (E) of 
the Cruiser HMS Berwick in the 
nf Secnnd 

the Cruiser TIM b uctwick m u x 
first two years of the Second 
World War. 

Promoted to. Captain in 
December 194$ he underwent 
an air engineering conversion 
and then served as Deputy 
Director Aircraft Maintenance 
and Repair. From 1 952-5 he 
was superintendent of the Royal 
Naval Aircraft Yard, HeetJands. 

He was promoted Rear- 
Admiral in 1955 and became 
Deputy Engineer-in-Chief of the 

In January 1957 he moved to 
Admiralty London^ to 1 become 
Britain’s first Admiral Nuclear - 
Propulsion, being responsible 
for advising ihe Board of 
Admiralty on the development 
of nuclear power for the Royal 
Navy and the -Mercantile 

In June 1957 he was the 
principal Admiralty representa- 
tive in charge _ of the joint 

Admiralty-Atomic : Energy 

Authority technical mission to 
the USA and in- 1958 : rep- 
resented the United Kingdom 
at the United Nations Atoms 
for Peace conference at Geneva: 

On retirement he was for 
over 20 years a breeder aad- 
voluniary organizer. Guide 
Dogs for the Blind, “as well as 
being actively involved; with 
prison visiting, parish and 
diocesan work and Age Concern 
in Suffolk. 

He leaves his widow Dorothy, 
and five children. 


Professor Edward Stamp, 
Director of the International 
Centre for Research in Account- 
ing and Endowed Research 

Accounting and ..Business 
Method at the University of 

In 1 971 he moved . tq the 

mg <uiu oiuuwtu — - . - ~ - . T , — 

Professor at Lancaster Umver-. University ot Lancaster "where 


sity, died in Toronto 
January 1 0, at the age of 57. 

Stamp was a distinguished 
scholar whose research covered 
many areas of accounting, 
auditin g and related jurispru- 
dence in several countries. 

he became Professor- ' of 
Accounting Theory and Direc- 
tor of the newly - created 1 
International Centre for; Re- 
search in Accounting, later 
becoming also Head of ihe 
Department of Accounting and 
Finance. In 1975 he 

Through his Rnance la 1975 

«« published “ a “ w “ lW , 

in n collected volume in 1984 ) , 

be made particularly ten ^* 5 ^* 1 * 2 

reporting, international awlLtmg mjounUng sBmfards imUnmn, 
standards mid the enfoiccmem tvbich ployed a_ maj pr.paa.m 

.of accounting standards. 

Edward Stamp was bom on 
November 11, 1928 in Liver- 
pool- He graduated in 1948 wiih 
a first class honours degree in 
Natural Sciences from the 
University of Cambridge and 
then took, up a Fulbrighx 
Scholarship in America. He 
later qualified as a chartered 
accountant in Toronto where be 
became a partner in the 
Canadian .affiliate of Arthur 
Young & Co in 1961 and a 
naturalized Canadian citizen. 

In 1962 he joined ' the 

the creation of the Acrotintutg 
Standards Committee' under Sir 
Ronald Leach: . . ' ' , .‘ v 

Stamp's career bridged.' mo ” 1 ' 
worlds of accouhling, b6ifijcss-r 
and scholarship. ^ 

1976 he was an adviserro iflitt 

Treasury. Only lasLyeachc-was T;' 
joint author of a rcportq^zthe^ 
uses of financial date ivf :ite 
National Coal Board itt; 
sions about pit closures ! ‘A , 
Among ihe awariis 
followed recognition oT'lnfe^- 
growing reputation thfr'\ L “ 

rare distinction in refatiefi? 
Fellowship . of the- 



v - 

Victoria University of Welling- Institute of Chartered. 

ton. New Zealand, becoming ants, and in 1984 foe- honorary^ 


Professor of Accounting there 
before returning to the United 
Kingdom in 1967 as Professor 
and Head of the Department of 

degree of Doctor of LawSuj 
the University of .Saskatchewan. 

He leaves a widow, , Pefcfcy, 
andfburchfldren. ' 


Miklds Kxass6, a revolution- 
ary Hungarian emigre who 
became an ideologue and cult 
figure of the New Left, died in 
London on January 10. He was 

Bom into a comfortable 
Lipdtvdros family on November 
29. 1930. in Budapest, he joined 
the Hungarian Communist 
Party at the age of 14. 

By the Thaw, and after his 
expulsion from Budapest Uni- 
versity, Krasso's leftist zeal 
subsided, and he joined the 
ranks of reform-communists: in 
the ill-feted Hungarian revol- 
ution of 1956 he was instrumen- 
tal in creating the Central 
Workers' Council of Greater 
Budapest, which proved to be 
the last bastion of popular 
resistance in the winter of 

When his brother, Gyorgy, 
was arrested by the Soviet 
forces of occupation, Krassd left 

Hungary and came toi Oxford;, 
on a scholarship- to -.New 
College, where he did reseatcb 
on the young Marx- .. ' ' - 

By the raid- 1 960s he found 
congenial intellectual* atmos- 
phere within the . then -rising . 
New Left, and . joined'.. the... 
editorial board of the_ NewlLefl 
Review. Krassd’s major theor- 
etical contribution was a re - 
appraisal of Trotsky. (7}#$^ 
the great debate reneweefy^js 
1968. . . 

In the last years of frisli& be-’ 
won the admiration ■ fris 
friends, of whom there were 
many, both in : this country, and 
in Hungary, with 
exposition of novel • ideas xwT 
world affairs. 

He is survived by his brother. 
Gyorgy, a leading figu a- : ffl 
Hungary’s democratic; ■ Oppp- 
sition, who, in a.sudden-gestine. 
of good-will by the appropriate 
authorities, was anowedrtogoin. 
Miklds in hfelastdays, . 


Philip Gardner, who died on 
January 15, was a leading 
exponent of the Norfolk school 
of watercolour p ainting . He was 

Educated at Bedford School, 

painting virtually froin scratchy ' 
though he had always' '^Sra-H 
sidered himself a writer? rath**:' 
ihan artist. ' 

he became a Fleet Air Arm pilot 

if i 

during the latter stages of the 
war before turning to a career in 

However, his creative skills 
were such that he was much in 
demand to use them in a wider 
context. In the 1960s he was, 
along with others, invited to 
redesign The Times which ai 
that stage still retained adver- 
tisements on the front page. 

Finally dissatisfied with the 
world of advertising, be moved 
to Norfolk' in- 197! and started 

During the ensuing .years ht 
distinguished himself - by.-his ' 
spare and evocative. : scenes*, 
often nostalgic, of foe Norfolk 
coast and landscape- He-exhi- 
bited twice annually,ia . 

as well as in LondotV Mcotxx' 
and elsewhere, and inumber pl . 
his pictures . are. m ^ 

Collection. ~ '• 

Gardner was noted- fqr ^_ 
charm and his particular jfeSre . 
to help othera at whatevereOSt 
to himself He leaves a w^loW, 
Partridge; and a- daoghter;- 
Hilary. r - 

affairs in. Cn mmunis t territorieS : 
that he made his most jwfeNf 
contribution.. ..>?•!. 

Mr J. G. Harries, CB£,wh^; t 
was .Secretary for Educaripn-fo^viir 
Cornwall for over 20 yescs dicd ~ - 
on December 24. -■ . : - . „■ 


Mr Harold Smith, a former 
member of foe board of 
Imperial Che mi cal Industries, 
died on January 12. He had 
served the firm for over 38 
years and was a former joint 
managing director of the Dye- 
stufts Division. 

He joined IQ after schooling 
ai Wesmiuster City School and 
at the Royal College of Science, 

London University where he 
took degrees in chemistry (with 
first-class honours) and chemi- 
cal engineering. 

■ ^L t ! ecame a director of Id 
m 1961 and later became the 
director responsible for petro- 
chemicals and for developing 
trade with the USSR, Eastern 
European and other Cotnmu- 
mst territories including Outer 

b* ^ktion- 

shjps with- those in charge of 

Lady Haygarth, widow; 
Colonel Sir Joseifo HaygarthJ' -' " 
CBE, chairman of the Greater ~> : 
London Council 1 964-67, - ^ 

on January 2. ' ;'t 

Sir Trevor Wood' : 

13lh baronet, died on januaf^;' .? 
14 at the agp of 96. He -is ^ • 
succeeded by his son, Mr E. W; ; 
Wheier. - • - . y- . 

Mr Geoffirey Thomas StJrffc?"' 
Sanders TD, who 

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Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

There is a fine line to-be drawn in policy 
between keeping, the markets guessing and 
having them believe that you have 
abandoned your principles. Yesterday, the. 
Bank 'ofEngj and teetered across that line. 

The Bank’s action in holding down base 
rates was based on three premises. First 
the response to temporary sterling weak- 
ness should not be an automatic raising of 
base rates. Second, normal January money 
market pressures, with the strong spice of 
the Westland affair, should be counter- 
balanced by. appropriate money market ‘ 
action.- Third, raising base rates ahead of 
the January 27 meetings of Organisation 
of Petroleum Exporting Countries’ 
specialists, with the clear danger of 
another hike then, is the sort of behaviour 
which gets Governors of the Bank of 
England; a caipeting at Number 10 
Downing Street 

As a -policy, admittedly abigh risk one, 
it was standing up reasonably .well uritiTl 
early yesterday afternoon. Then, according 
to foreign exchange dealers, the Govern- 
ment pulled the props from underneath 
the pound. 

Earlier the authorities had called for a . 
round of bill offers in the money maricets, 
making it clear that intervention rates 
would not change. A shortage of £500 
million was over-supplied by about £15 
million* and when extra shortages 
appeared, these were absorbed in die same 
liberal .fashion. ' 

The March Brent oil price flipped of 
$20 a barrel, gilts staged a tiny rally and 
rates eased a fraction. Three month 
interbank rates, rose from an offered 13% 
per cent to 13% per cent, but then fell back 
to 13% per cent Sterling at this stage 
appeared to be allittle more stable. 
Opening at 76.6 on the trade weighted 
index, it saggedto 76.6, before recovering 
a fraction. Sterling neared $3.42 against 
the dollar. 

A news agency. story; may have been 
responsible for tilting the balance of power 
back towards the market Quoting banking 
sources, the story suggested that . the 
Government wished to hold rates at 
current levels, and was even prepared to 
tolerate -a modest and limited decline in 
sterling, if this proved necessary. 

The fact that Mrs Thatcher chose, at 
roughly the same time, to reinforce the 
Government’s commitment to an anti- 
inflationary programme tended to confirm 
the traders* worst fears. “They’ve given up 
on the exchange rate,” was the cry. 

Sterling slumped: fairly rapidly during 
the afternoon, closing at .76.2 on the trade- 
weighted index, (a two-day fell of 1.7 
points). In New York it was trading below 
$1.41. The closing rate against the. mark, 
DM3. 4661, was a new low. - 

Even as a parody of policy, all this does 
not make a great deal of sense, the result is 
that the interest rate structure, having 
been in the hands of the discount houses 
earlier this month, is now at the mercy of 
foreign occhange dealers. 

There is a strong case for the Chancellor 
to break- into his Budget deliberations and 
produce 1 a firm statement of policy. 
Otherwise the either/or of a weak pound 
and higher base rates may disappear. We 
could end up with both. 

Tangle in Thatcher’s 
bargain basement 

The : Government’s privatisation pro- 
gramme has to be fairly flexible and 
subject to the unforeseen, but this year’s 
timetable 1 has begun - to take on a firmer 
outline without being cut and dried. 

Sir John Read, chairman of the Trustee 
Savings Bank Group, has finally admitted 
that the bank’s ill-starred- flotation is 
unlikely before the au t u mn . That means 
September, at the earliest. 

While the TSB is not an asset sale (none 
of the money goes to the Government) it 
is important for two reasons.. The 
government is handling the sale and will 
juggle its timing therefore to suit its own 
plans, and the size pf the issue, at around 

£1 billion, is enough to 'disrupt other large 
flotations ifbadly timed. ■ 

British. Airways has been served with a 
complaint brought by a Los' Angeles travel 
agent alleging .violations of US anti-trust 
laws. BA msisis. that this latest legal 
assault will : not ; prevent its flotation, 
'valued, .at ' more than £1 billion, this 

.. BA is probably right in. believing that 
new court actions are opportunist and, on 
the basis of earlier settlements, the cost of 
losing would not be enormous. The hinge 
of fate is approval of the settlement of the 
Laker Airways class action by March, BA 
hopes. Any: delay and the flotation would 
sturdy have to wait until September. That 
would interfere with ihe TSB, which might, 
have to be put back to January/February 
1987 -.(assuming it . wins its own court 

If BA is to go thisyear, it must be before 
October, the month when the massive 
British Gas sell-off is limed to begin with a 
first tranche of probably more . than £2 
billion. -This is a priority and there is no 
indication so for that it could be delayed. 

- Under the earlier schedule. Royal 
Ordinance Factories and British Airports 
Authority were to have been squeezed in 
between BA and British Gas. If the BA 
date looks like slipping towards late 
summer, the Government may choose to 
launch ROF before BA. Either way, 
British Airports Authority has now been 
relegated to an as yet undetermined time 
next year to allow more flexibility this 

Regional brokers find 
strength in numbers 

The major players in the City have found 
.their partners and are beginning to 
practise dancing in step. The opportunists 
on the fringes are busily opening share- 
shops and dignifying themselves with the 
catch-all hoarding of financial services. 
What future is left for a five-partner firm 
of stockbrokers in Bristol? Or Birming- 
. ham? Or. Barnsley, especially Barnsley. 

Believing that there is some strength in 
numbers, a chain of regional firms is now 
joining forces to cope with the aftermath 
of October's big bang. Their alliance looks 
less like desperation than a sensible 
strategy for the future, and the. presence of 
James Capel as a friendly Big Brother in 
the arrangement gives added credence. 

Capel itself has sacrificed its own 
independence to Hong -Kong & Shanghai 
Bank, but it can still sympathize with the 
basic wish of some smaller broking firms 
to preserve their independence. 

The five regional brokers are forming a 
new company in which Capel and its 
investing colleague, Postel, will each have 
20 per cent. The cost to the London firm 
' remains unclean Capel will put in advice, 
expertise and some unspecified capital, as 
required. It will also provide its much 
respected research to all the firms 
involved. They in turn must drum up new 
business and plenty of profits for their new 
shareholders. Yesterday they seemed 
happy with the deal. 

The five firms are; Parson of Glasgow, 
already link ed with Capel; Illingworth 
Henriques of Manchester. Laws of Bristol; 
Murray & Co of Birmingham and 
Stancfiffe Todd & Hodgson of Middlesb- 
rough. They already manage more than £1 
billion of private client money between 

They have high hopes that other 
regional brokers will be tempted to join 
them but want their new venture to be 
seen as a positive move. “We have all 
turned down approaches from buyers,” 
stresses Bernard Solomons of Parson. 

Between them these regional brokers 
also aim to provide a service that the 
research-orientated Capel already sees as a 
winner.. They will give a comprehensive 
research service into the small and 
medium companies which are currently 
ignored by other brokers but which are 
increasingly of interest to the cash-rich 

Swan yard 

By Edward Townsend - . 

Industrial Correspondent 

Swan Hunter, the Tyneside 
warship yard which was for- 
mally privatized yesterday after 
a £5 million management 
buyout, immediately appealed 
to the Government to keep 
politics out of the warship 

The company's new manage- 
ment team, led by Mr David 
Hardy, the deputy chairman of 
London Regional Transport, _as 
chairman, said its main fear for 
the future was a distortion of 
decision -making by. political 
considerations. _ 

The company, which, re- 
turned to profitability last year 
after large losses, operates whar 
was the state-owned British 
Shipbuilders' biggest warship 
yard. Its £300. million order 
book includes vessels that sue 
mostly due to be launched in 
the next three months and d 
badly needs to win a Ministry of 
Defence order for two auxffiaiy 
oiler replenishment ships 
Competition for foe A.OR order 
is confined to foe Government* 
owncd Hariand & Wolff Yard 
in Belfast. Mr Ken C hapma n , 
the executive director fori 
market development and sates, 
said: “we regard Haifend & 
Wolff as unfair competition.* 

Bloodstock agency slips 

Bloodstock prices have not 
moved as the com m tssion.- 
based British _ * Bloodstock 

Agency wished since its launch 
on the Unlisted Securities 
Market in September 1984. In 
foe half year to foe end of 
September, turnover slipped 
from £2,099,000 to £2.065,000 
and pre-tax profits from 
£431,000 to £350,000. ■ 

The company puis much of 

foie blamme on adverse ex- 
change rate movemennis and 
the seasonal nature of foe 
business. But foe mannaging 
director. Major. Christopher 
Philipson, concedes that prices 
for top racehorses have fallen. 
At ' foe High Fliers sale at 
■Newmarket last year, no animal 
realised more than 600,000 



Jl 106.7 (+2.6) 

FTA^Shara-.^ -667.34 (-2.59) 

FT Govt Securities 80.56 j-0171 
FT-SE 100 L_.~-.1378.t (-0.2) 

..—107.29 (-0.44) 

Dow Jones — ..1522JD1.(— 7.11) 

JSSSiDow — —-1 2881 .50 {—70.55) 

hSS SEg..-.~ ..-1778.18 1-0.371 
AnriUlaJrca*" 4 

Sydney! AO — .10B7^(+t.7) 

cS5S!S»ahk 2076.1 (-63^) 

Brussels: ~ • 

SES-— B22^3(-0J60) 

PariK.CAC .271 .4 (- 


SKA General. 

..271 .4 (-2^) 
509.30 (+1 JO 


London fixing: 
flew York: 
Comax $35025 




Wadkin — 


Jacobs (John 1) .. 
Highland Elect - 


■6p +O.50p 

RusseH (Alex) 

Apricot Computer „ 

KLP Group 

Paring a Mining — 

Bespak — 

Frogmore Estates 


Star Computer 

Acorn Computer — 



...... ..60p+5p 

-97 p +8p 

114p +8p 

mputer —.. — „72p +5p 


Leigh-Pemberton presses for 
global securities watchdog 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

-Mr Robin Leigfa-Pembenon. 
Governor of foe Bank. •. of 
England, called yesterday for an 
international body to harmo- 
nize - rules and exchange of 
information, on foe regulation of 
securities markets. 

In a speech to the American 
Chamber of Commerce in 
Londn. he said that foe growing 
internationalism of securides- 
dealing posed a problem for 
regulators. After October this 
year the City would contain 
financial conglomerates, some 
of which would be owned by 
foreign securities firms outside 
British jurisdiction. At foe same 
lime, a growing number of 
securities were being traded 
internationally. - 

These developments would 
bring different regulatory sys- 
tems into direct contact, he 
said, , and would require a 
greater exchange of information 

and harmonization of legal 
systems governing securities. 

Mr Leigh-Pemberton com- 
pared a new international 
securities body to foe Basle 
Committee of bank supervisors 
chaired, by Mr Peter Cooke, an 
executive director of foe Bank 
of England.' The Basle Com- 
mittee was set up in 1975 in 
response to the growth of foe 
international Eurobond market, 
which caused problems for bank 

Contacts between slock 
markets in different countries 
have so far mostly been ad hoc 
and piecemeal. There has been 
considerable progress in harmo- 
nizing rules on the presentation 
of propectuses. making it easier 
and cheaper for companies to 
gain a listing on markets in 
several different counties. 

But he added: "From a UK 
point of view, it is daunting to 

Robin Leigh-Pemberton: 
US claims ‘"daunting” 

contemplate the extent to which 
LIS official bodies claim to 
exercise authority outside US 

Instead of olhcr countries 
facing such action by defensive 
laws, a compromise would be 
more productive. Otherwise. 

iradc in international securities 
could start to move to relatively 
unregulated “off-market” lo- 
cations where it would not face 
international legal compli- 

The Governor said that 
because regulatory systems 
varied so widely between 
countries, much thought needed 
to be given to foe arrangements 
for international cooperation 
• The steering group of foe 
Investment Management Regu- 
latory Organization (Imro) is 
actively seeking “a prominent 
person in foe fond management 
area" to act as full-time chief 
executive of Imro, Mr Robin 
Hutton, director-general of the 
Accepting Houses Committee 
and a member of foe steering 
group said yesterday. 

Mr Hutton also said that the 
steering group supported the 
idea of a merger between IMRO 
and the Life Assurance and 
Unit Trust Regulatory Organi- 
zation (Lautro). 

City cool on 
tin proposal 

By Michael Prest 

Financial Correspondent 

Japan, foe biggest consumer 
of tin in foe International Tin 
Council, yesterday threw its 
weight behind a negotiated 
settlement to the tin. crisis and 
presented a plan for financing 
an orderly return to trading. 

But brokers and bankers 
responded coolly. Mr Ralph 
Keslenbaum, managing director 
of Gerald Metals and one of the 
authors of a £320 million rescue 
plan, and Mr Michael Metcalfe, 
a director of Holco, attacked the 
ITC and appealed to the British 
Government for help. 

They said: “Stories regarding 
so-called constructive Japanese 
proposals or EEC initiatives are 
just smokescreens for continued 
prevarication. We have had no 
discussions of approaches from 
any source whatsoever." 

Their statement went on: 
“The only hope of averting foe 
catastrophe which will hit the 
UK. financial and commodity 
markets is for the United 
Kingdom Government, a full 
member pf the ITC. to advance 
foe necessary funds to allow the 
markets to function and obtain 
recompense from foe other 
member governments of the 
ITC in due course.” 

There are three elements to 
foe Japncse plan. The Inter- 
national Tin Agreement, which 
foe ITC administers, is pro- 
visional but should be brought 
fully into force. This would 
raise £100 million. 

Tin consuming countries 
should charge a levy on their tin 
imports, to raise another £100 
million. Finally, the company 
suggested by Mr Kestenbaum 
and Mr Peter Graham, senior 
deputy chairman of Standard 
Chartered Bank, to take on the 
ITCs obligations, could be 
fended with only £100 million 
from the ITC. 

But one banker close to the 
talks said: “It doesn’t sound like 
a serious proposal. 

A gloonmy note was added 
by the Tin Industry (Research 
and Development) Board of 
Malaysia, the world's biggest tin 
producer, which said a nego- 
tiated settlement of foe crisis 
was unlikely. Letters, page 17 

Fiat profit tops 
1,000 bn lire 
for first time 

From John Earle 

Fiat, Italy's largest private 
group, made a net profit for foe 
first time “of above 1,000 
billion lire” (£422 million) Iasi 
year, foe chairman. Signor 
Giovanni Agnelli, said in a 
letter to shareholders yesterday. 
The corresponding figure for 
1984 was L626.7 billion. 

Signor Agnelli wrote: “Of 
particular importance is the fact 
that all sectors of foe group 
contributed to these positive 
results. That is, residual areas of 
loss remaining at foe end of 
1984 were eliminated." It is 
active in motor vehicles, engin- 
eering, aerospace and telecom- 
munications. . 

Tu mover was up from 
L23.813 billion to L26.330 
billion while consolidated net 
debts were down from L4.043 
billion to L2.985 billion. 



18lp +9p. 


45p +2p 


. — .Bp -Ip 

Property Trust 4.50p -OJSGp 

Canvermoor .. — 48p -5p 

Intends Video — 

Micro Focus _ — 

Humberside Bees 
Monument Oil 


. ,12p-1p 

Metal Sdancas &50p -O50p 

Prince Whs Htta .70p -5p 

Channel Tunnel 140p -lOp 

Rain© bids — 21 .50p -1 ,50p 



£: $1.41 20 (-0.0038) 

£: DM 3.4661 (-0.0333) 
£: SwFr 2341 St-0.0277) 
£: FFr 1O.B309(-O.OB37) 
£: Yen 285.7B{-0.7) 

£ Index: 76.2(-0.7) 

Now York: 

£: $1.4125 
$: DM2.4545 
S Index; 125 ^(-0.3) 

ECU £0.6261 27 
SDR £0.781 542 



Bank Base: 12%% 

3-month Interbank I3 1 ’/i4-l3yu% 
3-month eligible bids: 
buying rate 13-1 


Prime Rate 9.50% 

Federal Funds 7^Vm% 

3-month Treasury Bills 7.04-7.06% 
30-year bond price 1 D4V*~1 04*y« 

Reagan aims for big asset sales 

From Bailey Morris, Washington 

President Reagan's new 1987 
budget, which will be submitted 
to for United States Congress 
on February 3, contains foe 
most ambitious privatization 
programme proposed by a 
federal Government, according 
io White House and con- 
gressional official. 

It would result in a massive 
transfer of highway and trans- 
portation functions, student aid 
and health maintenance pro- 
grammes. even some prison 
functions, to private companies, 
officials said. 

At foe same time. Mr Reagan 
plans to revive some old 
themes. In additions to propos- 
ing foe outright sale of pet 
congressional projects such as 
the Bonneville Power Adminis- 
tration in the west and the 
navy's strategic petroleum re- 
serves, he also seeks to elimin- 

ate a large number of federal 
agencies and related functions. 
The Interstate Commerce 
Commission, the small business 
administration, parts of foe 
Export-Import Bank, large agri- 
culture and foreign aid pro- 
grammes would be lost alto- 

A new theme is comprehen- 
sive revision of anti-trust laws 
to remove more barriers to big 
mergers and to provide special 
protection to US companies 
suffering from foe effects of 
foreign imports. The anti-trust 
revisions, certain to be opposed 
by congressmen concerned by 
tiie large buildup of US 
corporate debt, would be the 
first in more than 35 years. 

Mr Reagan plans to use his 
televised State of foe Union 
address next Tuesday to unveil 
his budget themes and to build 

public support for yet another 
proposal foal would give him 
more control over the budget 

The President intends to urge 
Congress to change the budget 
process by agreeing to a system 
under which his signature 
would be required on the 
annual, joint budget resolution 

Under this new “legal and 
political compact”. Mr Reagan 
hopes to prevent Congress from 
ignoring his budget priorities by 
passing its own version. 

As part of the compact 
however, he will demand that 
Congress support his proposed 
3 per cent arms build up and 
forgo tax increases for yet 
another year. 

But some of the severe 
domestic cuts to be proposed by 
Mr Reagan are likely to be 
supported bv Congress 

N Sea oil prices continue to slide 

North Sea oil prices rallied 
briefly yesterday but fell back 
sharply * n nervous and thin 

li\ the morning, cargoes of 
Brent the main North Sea 
crude, were trading as high as 
$20.80 a barrel for delivery in 
March, up more than a dollar 
on opching prices. Bui by 
afternoon it was traded at 
$19.35 compared with $19.85 
foe previous day. 

By Teresa Poole 

There was little activity in 
Brent for delivery in April but 
one cargo was priced al $ 1 9.35. 
compared with a low of $19.50 
on Monday, when prices 
dropped below $20 for the first 
time since 1979. 

The market remained ex- 
tremely volatile with early gains 
seen as only a short-term 
correction while traders covered 
short positions after 10 days of 
falling prices. 

In New York, prices followed 
a similar pattern, with early 
rises soon wiped oul February 
Brent opened at $20.80 and 
reached $21.25. but by noon 
had slumped to $ F 9.75. 

On the New York Mercantile 
Exchange, the price for March 
West Texas Intermediate fell 
$1.50. the maximum allowed, 
to $20.10 but later bounced 
back to $20.55. 

Temp us, page 21 


£2.5bn unit 
trust sales 

Unit trust sales of £2.5 billion 
net last year showed a 76 per 
cent increase on foe previous 
year, according to the Unit 
Trust Association yesterday. 
Funds under management at 
the end of foe year stood at a 
record £20.3 billion, an increase 
of 34 percent- 

These increases were not, 
however, matched by foe 
number of additional unit trust 
accounts opened during foe 
year, which totalled 355,000, up 
15.9 per cent. 

BOTB chief 

Sir James Cleminson. presi- 
dent of foe Confederation of 
British Industry and chairman 
of Reckirt and Colman. has 
been appointed chairman of the 
British Overseas Trade Board 
from July. Sir Richard Butler, 
who retires next month as 
president of foe National 
Farmers' Union, became a 
director of National Westmins- 
ter Bank from March 1. 

Leisure payout 

First Leisure Corporation 
lifted profits from £6.75 million 
to £10.1 million before tax in 
the year to October 31. Turn- 
over was up from £41.4 million 
to £47.5 million and the fiual 
dividend is raised from 4.5p to 
Sp. Tempos, page 21 

Mr Geoffrey Kent, the chairman 
of Imperial Group, yesterday 
refused Lord Hanson's request 
for a meeting aimed at trying to 
secure Imperial board approval 
for Hanson Trust's £1.8 billion 
takeover offer. 

US bank fined 

The Bank of America has 
agreed to pay $4.73 million 
(£3.3 million) for failing to 
report large cash transactions as 
required by law. This is the 
largest civil penalty imposed on 
a financial institution for 
violations of foe Bank Secrecy 

Merrill offer 

Merrill Lynch & Co. is 
issuing $200 million (£142 
million) of 9 per cent three-year 
Eurobonds al 100 to yield 
8.SS per cent. The noncallablc 
offering, due February 6. 1989, 
will rank as senior debt. 

Brussels sale 

Slough Estates has sold a 
70.000 sq ft office project in 
Brussels to Pensiobel. a Belgian 
pension fund. The. project pre- 
Icascd to the European Parlia- 
ment. is due for completion in 





finance and. industry 


foreign exchanges 

under renewed pressure against 
other major currencies. 

fju outstanding example was 

its continued slump against the 
mark, where it ended at an all- 
time low of 3.4660 (14994). 

Dealers said the decision by 
the Hawk Of England to hold 
money rate levels had prompted 
some hefty selling of pounds. 

. • A small recovery in crude ou 
prices, however, combined with 
Bank of England support 
stopped the decline. 


r-Jt^ e ^4 ? 



ss# % v t» iSM&fiM $$$ 

THETB^. JANUARY 22~ 1 986 , ; „ ,.., , . J.V-3TOA?CEAffl>^ 


Shares make a spirited rally 
as loan rates are pegged 

By Derek Pain and Pam Spooner 

Interest rate jitters eased 
yesterday allowing shares' a 
spirited rally. At one time the 
FT 30 share index was down 9. 1 
points but it closed Z6 points 
higher at 1,108.7. 

The Bank of England's c jg ng i 
that at least for the time being 
interest rates could remain 
unchanged and sterling would 
take the strain on the fore ig n 
exchange market was largely 
responsible for the recovery. 

■ But the pound's recent 
weakness has already encour- 
aged selective -American share 
buying and anticipation that a 
further decline, could attract 
even more transatlantic sup- 
port, sent some London inves- 
tors chasing the likely US 

. So Beecham Group, Grand 
Metropolitan and Imperial 
Chamical industries made pro- 
gress. Galxo Group was up 22p 

at I S4/V, Tk. 

by a presentation the group's 
management was due to give in 
■New York. The US Glaxo 
holding through ADRs, has 
declined steadily over the past 

trial valves to desalination 
group, shaded 2p to 342p 
following an investment confer- 

Hampson Industries rose 
1 5Vp to 27 Y* p after a 27 per coni 
profits rise and. Matthew Clark 
& Sons, the Martel! cognac 
-brandy group, responded lOp to 
420p on higher profits. 

Stores were helped by the 

less than happy, the shares, 
losing i.lp to 27(jp. The market 
trend was no help to the paper 
and packaging group, and there 
is also disappointment in the 
City about bui pr o spects . 

With Hanson Trust taking a 
10 per cent stake i Bowate, 
investors had hoped to. see a full 
bid to n n ette d, but Hanson now 
has enough to h wnrifr vvith its 

While Mr Michael Ashcroft, chairman and creator of Hawley, 
meets investment analysts in the United States, buyers . are 
appearing for the stock in Lond o n, At least three brokers have been 
acquiring the shares which however, shaded lp to 108p yesterday. 
Meanwhile, a deal over Hawley's 43 per cent shareholding in Cope 
A llma n, the amusement machine group, is near. 

easing of interest rate fears but successful attack on SCM IN 
takeover expectations made America and its bid for 
Sears, the Selfridges group, the Imperial Group. . 
sector's outstanding performer. Imperial- shares were 7p' 
Rumours swirled of bids from higher at 256p. There are 
either Dee Corporation or BAT expectations that United Bis- 

support ahead , of next month's 
- results was cited as the cause. 

ExtcJ Group, the raring and 
share price sendees to advertis- 
ing and public relations com- 
pany, dropped 8p to 340p. 
Profit-taking did the damage. 
The shares have been strong in 
recent weeks on expectations 
that Dr Ashraf Marwan. who 
has a holding of the shares, is 
still buying in preparation for a 
takeover bid by a third party. 

Shares in Pllkington, the glass 
maker, were on the move 
company directors met ' insti- 
tutional investors in the City. 
The share price dipped to 326p 
in' early trade, but later in the 
day - as the 'seminar got 
underway - it rallied and finally 
closed at 335p, for a net gain of 

Metal Box lost 14p to 569p. 
Apart from suggestions that the 
group is on the acquisition trail. 

Expect action soon - at NSS 
Newsagents, the 550-sbop rimin ' 
which has remained aloof so far 
from the shop takeover spree. 
The shares are near their 1985- 
86 peak at 124p and have been 
attracting some quiet, but 
seemingly well-informed, atten- 
tion lately. 

year and the Glaxo presentation 
could lead to a renewal of 

Shares were also helped by 
the expiry today of the London 
traded options January series. 

With sterling off its lowest 
level, helped by n slight firming 
of crude oQ ' prices, oils rallied. 
Yield considerations and 
thought that falls had been 
overdone also give the sector 
more buoyancy thatn it had 
enjoyed of late. 

Racal Electronics held at 
I76p. interim figures, due 
shortly will be disappointing. 
CASE Group tumbled 15p to 
1 34p as profit expectations were 
downgraded. Technical Compo- 
nents slipped. Mr Aodrew 
Lloyd Webber's Really Useful 
Co. achieved a lOp gain on its, 
330p striking price, 

Government stocks had a 
mixed session, eventually clos- 
ing with gains of up to£ Yi. 

Pegler-Hatterstey, the iadus- : 

to 112/1 in active trading with Imperial, turning round the 
Loing & Cruikshank, Dee’s existing merger terms with 
broker, and Cazenove & Co, Imperial and helping to fight off 

0 vivam, uivufrm iu uc uouavu. uuucu Discuus snares 

actively bidding for stock. eased 3p to 232p, while Hanson 

On the takeover from Distil- shares were unchanged at 193p. 
tars Co cased 560p; Trafalgar Hon^e .was stiH, 
Guinness slipped 5p to 288p /eeShg the Bflfects of iosiiffi oirt ; 
and ArgyU Group lost 5p to on. the cross-Channel link 
350p. contracts. The share price fell 

The Monopolies Com- 8p to 31 2p, making a two-day 
mission reference left General loss oF 28p and putting the 
Electric Co unchanged at I66p shares ht a new low point for 
and Plessey, with another 1985/86. 
analysts visit scheduled, up 6p . Pearson was another weak 
to J72p. spot, the shares falling 12p to 

Guest Keen & Nettiefolds 408p as "City concern about 
were still being bought, the Goldcrest Films & Television 
share price rising steadily to mounts. It looks as though 
278p, up 7p on the day. Pearson will have large write- 
investors like the look of the offs to make at its film 
recently finalized joint venture subsidiary, hurting group pro- 
with British Steel the manage*- fits. The only hope is that 
ment buy out of the fasteners Pearson may yet* sell-off its 
business and present prospects ' merchant - banking arm, 
for currency gains. At the Lazards, for £200 million - a 
present price, GKN is on a move it has persistently denied 
potential p/e of 1 1.1 for 1986 despite strong rumours in the 
and just 8.2 for 1987, according Squre Mile, 
to forecasts by Quilter Goodi- ; Reuters, the. news agency and 
son, the broker. financial information group 

Bo water Industries looked rose 5p to 383p. US buying 

ing being done in the stock. 

Macarthys Pharmaceutical 
where a takeover bid is on the' 

tame, saw a jp gain to 2 /ip. 
Interim results have risen 18 

Traded option highlights 

Volume was a healthy 18,580 
contracts on the Loudon Traded 
Options market yesterday, 
ahead of todays' expiry of the 
January equity series.' - 
Activity • was fairly ' Wide-' 
spread, though a handful of 
options registered volume well 
above the 1,000. mark. BP totted ' 

up 1,625, BT 1,748 - a touch 
down on Monday's remarkable 
4.321 total - Beechnms 1,263 
and Imperial 1,625 contracts 
traded.-.' ‘j i V •■ \ ; ;■ • 

• ‘■Tbe'-stodC exchange index 
option was popular, with 2,289 
contrats traded. There were few 
significant, price changes: • - 

: HaJnbcas- Bank . and , Hoare 
Govett yesterday placed 21 per 
cent of the equity of Microsys- 
tems Croup at 327p a share. 
The company designs and 
produces electronic ■ ticketing 
and metering products, and 
dealings fa the shares will being 
on the USM next Monday. The 
placing values Microsystems at 
£14.3 million. 

per cent to £2.5 million, and the 
half year dividend- has been 
raised from 2-2p to 3.5p. 

Profit-taking took 6p off the 
shares of Kennedy Brookes, 
down to 230p. The restaurant 
and hotel group is rumoured to 
be the object of bid intentions 
by Vaux Group; Trust House 
Forte and First Leisure, though 
Vaux has denied the suggestion. 

Wadkin, the maker of wood- 
working machinery, jumped to 
I70p at one stage as the 
company announced that it has 
received a bid 'approach- But 
excitement soon calmed and the 
shares ended tile dayat 156p, to 
show a I4p gain. The shares had 
• made progress in recent days, 
reflecting market expectations 
•, of imminent takeover action. 

V F31 Croup gained 5p to 143p 
on a 32 per cent profits' increase 
and Crontte rose l2p at 66p 
; (after touehmg 7 Ip) on takeover 
■gossip. " t 



CEUTICALS: For the half-year to 
Oct .31, with figures in £000, 
turnover was 138,784 (143,893), 
while the pretax profit was 2,498 
(2,115), Earnings per share were 
1 l-2p (8.6pl An uuerixn dividend of 
325p GL2p) is being-paid on April 7. 

• AGB RESEARCH: For the half- 
year to Oct 31, with fignres in £000, 
turnover was 34,145 t46.440), while 
the pretax profit was 4,008 (3,494). 
Earnings per share were 4.95p 
(4.12p). An interim dividend of 
2.73p (2.5P) is btdng paid on April 1. 


For the half-year to Oct 31, with 
figures in £000, turnover was 44,127 
(41.1991 while pretax profit was 
2,896 (4553). Earnings per share 
were 1 1.9p (lOp). An interim 
dividend of 3p (2.Sp)<ix being paid 
on April 7. 

year to Sept 30, with figures in £000, 
turnover was. 6,019 (4,794). while 
the pretax profit was 996 (779). 
Earnings per share wore 1 l-84p 
(7.7Sp). A: final dividend of 1.6p 
(Mp) is being paid, making. a total 
of . 3p (2-45p). The board is 
proposing a one-for-five scrip issue 
arid predicts a maintained total 
dividend of 3p on the enlarged 

• A-& P. APPLEDORE: For the 
year to Sept 30, with figures in £000, 
turnover was 3.612.5 (2,773.9), 
while the- pretax profit was 1,017.5 
(705.1). Earnings per stare were 
lg.66p (10. 79p), A final dividend of 
4p (0.45p) is being paid on Macb 7, 
making a total of op (0.4Sp). 


half-year to Oct 31, with figures in 
£00 0, turnover was 8,523 (10,037). 
while the pretax profit was 672 
(839). Earnings per share were 8 J>2p 
(10.44p). An interim dividend of 
1.6p (1.4p) is being paid on bfardi 
3-' . - 

For the half-year to Sept 30, with 
figures in £000, turnover was 12JZ86 
(9,974), while the pretax ‘profit was 
613 (483X Earnings per ghnne were 
1.45p (1.12p). An interim dividend, 
of 0.345p (0.3p) is being paid -on 
March 10. 

• LD.4S.RTVLIN: For the half- 
year to Oct 31. with figures in £000, 
turnover was 592 (775), while the 
pretax . profit was 35 (42 loss). 
Earnings per share were O-OSp (loss 


O FQ: For the year to Oct 31, with 
figures in Irish £000. turnover was 
81.856 (62.883), while the pretax 
profit was 4,023 (3,044). Earnings 
per share were 12.7p (9_07p). A final 
dividend of 3.26p (2.72p) is being 
pud, making a total of 4.62p (3.9p). 

• A. & J. GELFER: For the half- 
year to Sept 30. with figures in £000, 
turnover was 3,080 (2,7551 while 
the pretax profit was 466 (408). 
Earnings per share were 4.78p 
(3.8p). An interim dividend of 2p 
(1.9p) is being paid on April 14. 

• D ALGETY: The company has 
agreed to purchase the Nabisco 
Group’s Romix Foods business for 
£8 million cash. Romix, with a £10 
million turnover, makes a range of 
home-bake mixes. 

Alan Dalton, the chairman, says in 
his annual statement that the 
operating ‘divisions - are ' in good 
shape, .with, sound* order, bbbks. 
“Without, in any way diminishing 
the . tasks and challenges that lie 
ahead, prospects are good” he 



crucial for GEC bid 

Now that .G EC’s bid for Plessey 
is- with the Monopolies Com- 
mission the last thing that 
anyone 'should assume Is that' 
the fortunes of the two 
-companies can be- put on the 
back burner for six months. 
The stock market already takes 
.(be view that GEC Will be 
allowed to proceed and the 
ensuing .months will therefore 
be crucial' in determining the 

Plessey will be. pulling 'out all 
j - the . stops to talk . up its 'share 
price and pat an extra gloss on 
the - figures which it will 
produce between now and the 
pronouncement on whether the 
takeover can proceed. Already 
the Plessey story that the 
disappointments of the last two 
years were an ' aberration 
caused by System X, is being 
whispered . round • the City. 
'Better things are on the way, it. 
is being told. 

Bat axe they? The company 
has certainly used creative 
accounting to smooth its 
profits, .but without underlying 
trading strength the long-term 
prosperity of the business must 
have serious question marks 
hanging over it. 

For GECs part, it, too, must 
look ; to' the longer . term for a 
big upturn in.r .-its .fortunes. 
Analysts are expecting profits 
of around the £700 million 
mark for this year - npt in 
themselves exciting, but a 
glance at GECs order -book 
suggests a big improvement the 
following year. 

GEC is thus standing on a 
prospective earnings multiple 
for 1986-87 of just nine, which 
is cheap enough for the shares 
to be bought even without 
securing the takeover. Plessey 
is committed to talking up its 
share price, so not only must 
its story be viewed with a 
degree of scepticism but there 
is. also risk that the promises 
may prove hollow. 

Oil sector 

And everywhere the oil price 
went the sector followed too. 
At least it did until recently. As 
the chart shows, the little lamb 
of the oil sector has stoutly 
resisted following the steep oil 
price decline of late. 

Such resistance in fact Is not 
evidence that the market is 
unworried by foiling prices. 
The current anomaly is ex- 
plained ' more by technical 
factors and a reappraisal by the 
market of the importance of oil 
prices as an investment indi- 

cator. Around SO per cent of longer has credence as a buying 
the off. sector is accounted for indicator -when prices are 
by BP and Shell. The share rising 
prices of both are being ■ — - •••- -. - 

supported by technical reasons FlTSt Leisure C0I*P 

linked to yields. The- prosper — — — — - 

live yield for BP for instance, - Lord Delfont keeps his sharc- 
'is pushing 10 per cent. This is holders happy by catering for 
the kind of level attained. two the masses. First Leisure Cor- 
years ago, the last time that the poration, where he is cha irman 
market was faced with such and chief executive, provides a 
world oil conditions. popular mix of entertainment in 

Experience dictates that- at Snooker halls and discotheques 
these yield levels the major and on seaside piers. The 
company share- prices should formula has proved successful; 
not fell further and their role as profits have more than doubled 
defensive -stocks should bo- in two years, 
come more pronounced. As Yesterday the company 
long as the market is convinced announced profits of £10.1 
that dividends will not fell the million for the year to Octobber 
share price will remain rela- 31. up from £6.75 mill io n , 
lively stable and the slump in The results were helped by 
oil prices can be pushed to one the inclusion of higher profits 
side. on the sale of properties and 

Clearly' if the oil price were investments and, just as impon- 
to keep -an felling their -some aut- - thc^ -exclusion of costs 
reassessment of tbe position. - relating to- the closure- of the 
would be called for. Neither BP theatre resiSaurant business 
nor Shell is impervious to such which were charged below the 
an impact but they do have the line- 

flexibility and size to protect The closure is a timely 
themselves more effectively reminder, if any where needed. 

than the independents. 

that the leisure industry is 

For the time being, the Shell volatile. To date Lord Delfont 
and BP dividends appear has tended to show an uncanny 
protected and the share price sense of timing, by. for 
will find support. That support, example, opening new snooker 
therefore, helps ibe sector halls just as the sport's 
index to keep afloat but it popularity has taken off He 
disguises the dramatic impact continues to open snooker 
that the fulling oil price has had halls and bowling alleys, and is 
on most of the independents. adding to the chain of rcs- 
Their prices have been taurants and pubis. 

steadily declining with any Lord Delfont seems as alert 
rallies being taken as selling as ever, belying his 76 years, 
opportunities while investors and he is understood to be 
try to reduce the level of book planning a large acquisition 
losses which many arc now before he retires. With gearing 
carrying o/i. the : oil iridepcn: „at negligible levels and plenty 
dents. Thiti|marn. :j prqiilSin ? is-ipC credita vail able, the com- 
that the o if -pri& still ieelafnsTils'- pany islwcH placed to make a 
strength as ( a selling' indicator, i purchase. But Lord Delfont 
when it is felling. - but it no says there is nothing imminent. 


the future -with 

H I "fU r riiirr 1 »«*rt fVIX W/mJ, tit i^t/m 

In some ways/if your office doesn't yet boast a 
digital exchange, you have an advantage. 

You're able to bypass newish but now outmoded 
communication system generations - and advance 
from your old system straight to the Plessey ISDX. 

The Plessey ISDX - designed and manufactured in 
Britain - is far more than a superb telephone system. 

It makes available truly integrated communication of 
voice, text and data, and links the business world to 
ISDN - the newly emerging private and public 
integratedservices digital networks. 

The ability Plessey has in digital communicat ions 
gives the Plessey ISDX a head start over any other 
system that claims to be competitive - whetheryour 
office needs as few as thirty lines, or thousands. 

The undeniable evidence of Plessey ISDX 

supremacy is that it has evolved from the Plessey IDX, 
Britain's number one large digital PABX. 

Connecting you to the future in communications 
is a Plessey habit - in public exchanges, packet 
switching, data networks, fibre optic systems - as well as 
exchanges for the private office. 

> In fact, Plessey has die name for being the total 
communications company. > ’ • 

It's aname worth knowing if you want to leap ahead. 
Plessey Telecommuriicaiibiisiif Qffice Systems Limited, 
Beeston, Nottingham JVC9 1LAJ. : . 

Technology is our business. 

finance and industry 



Late rally 

ACCOUNT DA YS: Dealings Began. Jan 1 3. Dealings End. Jan 24. 5 Contango Day. Jan 27. Settlement Day, Feb 3. 

§ Forward bargains are permitted on two previous days. 


£2,000 > . . . . . 

Claims required for 
-10 points;;; 
Claimants should riogfl254-53272 

High Low Company 

Div yid | IMS 

Price Ch’M poim Oh P/E I HMD Low Company 

*«S 380 

6*8 433 

41 23V 

z r, 
n si 

33 27 

107i| 4ft 

2M 104% 
17? 74% 

372 249 

80 S3 

IBS 131 
27 12% 

371 £73 


383 733 

188 138 

•380 373 

514 349 

*> 22 

718 888 

482 322 

270 173 

791 SET 
B0 00% 

373 133 

oo sa 

118 02 

21*. IS 

294 218 

ir. 7*. 
70 88 

643 *19 

746 803 

143 56 

515 38”* 
280 220 

Bnjmi 8N(Mv 




No AIM 84 


Hoy! Bra. Of Can 


38 -% 


84 • .. 


aw -ft 

t2/&t _ -V 

167 • .. 

26* -J 

87 • -1 

171 -2 

03 • 

348 -B 

73 • *% 


140 ■ -2 


472 -3 


688 *6 

43* -3 

Z3S ** 

887 -S 



78 • .. 

103 • -1 

CIS • -% 

272 • -Z 

£ 11 '. -%, 


447 -5 

823 • -5 




finmi bcmht un 

CatM 8 vflntm 


Do 7 yt CPF 



Price Ch'p* 7«w °b p/e 

M2 • -4 U 21 1U 

181 • -2 3J SA IIS 

79 • -» M « 104 

13 -i, IS 148 30J 

ist • _ IS 1J 16 104 

STD -5 138 2.4 188 

263 -3 102 48 11,7 

180 +2 £.18 Li .. 

41 .. .. 88 

274 64 54 

550 07 17.8 
13l7 43 116 
1 J 23 SSJ 
04 (U 122 

117 id 72 
284 22 18.7 
14 2.7 34 

421 04 03 

528 88 8.1 

94 88 17.7 

Weekly Dividend 

3 Please make a noie of your daily totals for 
y the weekly dividend of £20,000 in Saturday's 
d newspaper. 



Mlltl Low Stock 

InL Gross 

onJj- Prti- 

Prlce Cti'gc vld “e yU 

138 64 

34 10 

131 113 

70 SO 

87 51 

SS 645 

608 *66 

240 194 

79 55 

80 55 

22 II 

83 55 

92 6* 

ISO 20 

155 146 

07% » 

70 42 

526 338 

32S>i 194 

140 84 

110 80 

88 46 

71 50 

118 81 

92 54 

96 63 

266 117 

66 04 

115 TOO 

270 3K 

119 89 

64 2* 

49 33 

171 114 

448 281 

180 129 

328 290 

348 168 

348 196 

89 67 

79 58 

320 199 

190 104 

202 181 

166 110 

107 74 

338 232 

193 112 

28 1* 

13* 105 

8*8 196 

M5 800 

an 143 

• 128 90 

160 (SS 

305 180 

508 942 

381 -255 

177 93 

225 148 

ISft 118 

273 132 

07 62 

79 68 

408 227 

668 848 

150 108 

340 229 

107 87 

34 a I4S 

2» IS 

66 S6 

Z» 173 

78 82 

48 28 

324 172 

1*7 07 


MMHoCom 370 

Ante af 

wncm 66 

AOTrooda 127 

BPS Musfftaa 338 

Bug«M0l8m 284 

BairanDovm 118 

8«**r<B«DConKr 24 

Ben Bras 72 

SmcMay* 875 

Oh*>atet 561 

BraMonOCKWdHfl 235 
Brfcknoun Dudley 75 


Browmee 58 

Bryai* 85 

Burnett S H**tm 
CakaMadftotay IS) 
Csaem-noedaoru 07 
Conner Orp SS 

Comm 47B 

country***. 308 

CtxxXfUOerek! t3S 
Oa*(Georaa) 86 

DootfSc«M) 84 
Etffl 63 

Feto 61 

Do 'A* 56 

FHanOp 63 

Francnkhr 285 

GtMfanS B1 

OUmS Dandy On) no 
O eaaon(H6 258 
HAT 86 

KaAcal Bir 56 

Hmmit-SMit *9 
HnwoodWawm 152 
MggtaM 433 

BuMPC fc Johneaa 134 
JantaMS Sons 273 
UtagU 290 

0oA f 291 

Lawrence (WHW1 07 

asm £ 

Magnet A South 120 
Mmdora 182 

Montana iKattnq 106 
May & Hasten 105 
McAfcer* lAflred) 310 
Mayor M 173 

MlgrtStartay) 25 
Monk(A| 113 

Mowlam UMW) 312 
H a wanU BU 

Noflnfpsnt BncJt 201 
Pe raanm on 121 

PiKtand Tlndsar 56 
Pocfans 305 

RMC 464 

Redunu 3S6 

RoMrnAdM 1S3 
RuOerWd 203 

Shtrpe 5 Fisher 95 

wmii mn oncn 
warm bum 
Wicami Urea 


AKZON/VBwer f*Z>, 

AMCdott 173 

Awr sBm 33) 

Anchor Chemical 180 

ESTP 106 

Ba^rDMSO £81% 

OtaBdon 111 

BrantChem 114 

BrBmol 80 

CemtoglW) 0* 

COM* 257 

CaatasBro* 143 

Da A- 112 

Cor, (Mont*) 18 

Croda 129 

Do DM 102 

BaAEiward 178 

Fowco4*mp 228 

halitewl (Jamas) 114 

l**scn 350 

HoochtaDMSO 181 
Imp Chore md its 

Lipone 346 

l*& ids 

Ryu 161 

Raaomk HUB*. ST 

RamoM 133 


MSbaiMiwRMt 210 

VMoMiQwn 71 

Do 7 yv CPF 170 


Cray Dad 573 

Cryttuw lffl 

ndnSea 65 

BUM*"* 1» 

Dnhni'A 33 

Dorrtno 275 

Dowdmg 6 MB *g 

Busier 188 

EKncompcmatts 388 

BearanfcMadi ES 

P a Ur nifc Rental J S 

Emm UgMng 237 

Euo*w™ 320 

Fame* Bed IBB 

Fenand 138 


Ftvward Ted! 25 

GK 168 

Qrotnenor 94 


OL 145 

MStaralACwftd 316 

Jonai Strouo 105 

Koda 100 

UoRaingHMlon 2*0 

Lodes 1Z7 

MtaoBS B2 

Mem Focus ££0 

IMtnaneEMc 38 

MunaySee so 

NMns) 33 

MnMnorh (LaulB) 559 

NB £2 

Q»a*=» . * 

OdnrdH wmu a mi 388 

PHBOn 50 

PMCSfli 2* 

MKan<>'A Cl 47 

PhUpi LBn*a hl/V 616>, 

Rico 190 

Do'A'UOVoaig 145 

u M ms 
*2 16 206 
6.1 16 102 
64 98 227 
18 M .. 

15 U 7& 

10 42 147 

40 2£ IU 

7S 2JJ 24.1 

16 18 442 , 

46 118 115 
15 2.1 162 
23 14 227 

13 17 108 

11 IS 110 
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58 35 118 

U 17 78 

U 37 124 

17 1J 111 

1.0 04 .. 

107 55 12 

7.1 7.1 85 ; 

175 74 16 

1 4 1.1 13.7 

145 5.1 95 

3.8 15 355 

25 35 125 


Hi oh Law OotnPBrar 

48 Chwi«*Ai6M 
188 aunvcom 

£ SSSK, 

31 GrttyHoK 
73 Curtai (Beam) 
62 demon Son 

“ &. 

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Div Ytd 

Ch'ae pum % P/E 

50 12 78 

1S.T ■ 78 305 
195 15 110 
75 Zt 147 
.. .. 114 

U U 317 
167 107 74 
154 41 78 

65 41 148 

QuM Automation 

Rica) Bod 




Soinl DShnBon 


Sweat DWonen 

TewRone Rentm 

Tiaatl Tekcom 



Ud Leaning 




Wlujfeisaie Dttlng 

4 0a 10.4 285 

0.1 05 

1.1 35 66 

116 74 11.4 
75 II 135 

1.1 34 74 

20 05 203 

1.6a 3.1 115 

14 05 17 

675 35 

75 45 104 
74 98 74 

13 35 117 

ii' ii lio 

.. .. 124 

44 U 114 
67 4.1 111 
216 «4 111 

2.1 25 166 

04 14 11 

..a .. 12 

15 30 105 

05 64 334 

104 17 117 
U LI 17 
2.0 84 13JI 
55 3£ 17 
24 15 165 

74 34 19.7 

11 35 111 

54 31 74 

11 <6 15.4 

27 08 274 
11.4 55 95 

35 64 J45 
22 25 13.0 

94 34 145 

13S Ccc«**nan 


* s 

80 CWfWdmi 
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148S CurrakasSW 


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Engm CNna Ctay 

Erakwa House 
Banpeen Fentat 
Do J%Prt 


rib trasmer 




TUati Low Company 

171 bAKtai 
z* SnaasoMtaMi 
112 8mr 
207*1 SdronroaoX 
o Dynu cre 

& IF 

91 TXT - 
94 - TSLThensB 
331 Taca 
2iS TwadaOwa 
A TUstx 
44 TMot 

s a 

33 ThonBcnT^ma 
104 -nmiooic 
137 Tssoittni (FH1 

350' TnMgvHwM 

Div VW 

Price Cti'gc pence * P/E 

’S 1 " 128 18 M4 

-3 10 34 174 

lid 17 la 

iu t 34 174 

43 25 114 

94 34 317 

03 *4 17 

3.3b 54 113 
6.1b 47 137. 
24 3.1 187 

143 44 3.1 

105 11 75 

AS 40 134 
25 7.7 135 
54 44 114 

V, Tianvrood 
38 Trtaft* 

2ft T«a> 

81 TmrlNbal 
94 UKO 


210 Wat 
78 VkanrFiBdua 
161 Vtean 

'% ^ 

116 nwaKHWrtec 

81 WamOIKeMri 
iso*, Wadmood 

126 VMsGp 

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as Wkxxi (Anhun 

16 UtoodlSW) 

IS WootfioiMlMx 

231 It U 

17 35 1L2 
117 *5 115 

16 65 114 
45b U 304 

144 114 u 
TM - 74 *i 

513 375 Yarrow 

143 61 Young (H) 


Group H/V 



334 210 AMgworfli 233 

193 128 Allan Hume 169 

320 200 Antofagasta 310 

151 70 BerttorTadi 118 

26*1 IT*, Dvrwua £28 

218 159 CandOW 215 

36 td OM6VHW Id 

20*. ip, apetr&Qsn 17* 

213 120 Hamora 109 

193 91 Ivory & S<ma l&l 

113 114 MawU 1M 

47 37 tod Homo Loans *5 

48H 30 DoEto C45 

ZS3 -2 14 04 .. 

169 • -I 114 17 19 

310 • .. 210 65 54 

113 . b .. .. 

£28 *1 117 17 

215 25 15 635 

Id -2 .. 

17*, # . . 15 74 74 

in -2 100 14 267 

164 • .. 11 37 265 

154 19 54 22.1 

RthocM mats, papa 20 

45 » A 114 

46 34 131 

61 .. 11 

• .. 

-V 700 


























































































1 7 












































French (Timm) 




Gallon Eng 






Goring Kair 

Grampian HMga 


Q roveba a 


Hal Eng 




Da 5750. 
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Kaafcer Sustahw 

Hay (Honan) 
Hapnoi Canrdc 

HoBs BlM 
H0k Lloyd 
Howard Machkoiy 

Hutson Bay 
Hunang Aseoo 
HulDKg <Vo>4> . 
Huccftta Whsmpoa 


Jadceons Bourn* 


Jcswaon Cusnars 

jdnwn Mem, 



Jones & SNpnun 

Jaudan flKanae) 




Kanmdy Bmaia 




186 Abbey LUb 
18V AknAAin 
19% AmtSmn 
190 Bradstadc 
588 ftrifemne 
174 Com (Mon 
200 Eoatyllnr 
104 FA1 
503 BmttMM 
618 ORE 
B<8 HamhCE 
217 hotnRoenean 
5*5 LogaflGon 
W Ub Uta SARI 
642 London A Man 
242 IdnUtdin 
aft Uaran AMcLan 


Sul LA 
Trade kxMuiOy 

75 94 

11 15 

T4 85 
1L3 63 

14 14 

105 £5 
114 7.7 
124 25 

55 85 

14 45 
24 M 
2.1 25 
17.1 3.4 

34 25 

M 45 

100 45 .. 

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•* li 

to step up 
:• overseas 

•Tokyo ^AP-Dow Jones) — Mr 
AJdo TamLMatsbstiita Electric 
Lodiistrial Go's- new president, 
slid yesterday that lie plans to 
cdmflfcte diversification outside 
consumer electronics and wants 
icTYstttfcSsft; ' fhttre," production 
bases overseas with, more 
collaboration ' with foreign 

MrTanii, who is 57 and has 
txjctt rvicD-prejidciit id Mr 
ToshflnkcrYaroashita, intents 
Mr J ‘“TjfcteHMhita’s three-year 
project aim e d at diversification 
and-espansion v to office -and 
factory automation equipment, 
with emphasis on semicondit- 
iois. • 

Matsushita's semiconductor 
profiitidtidh accounts for only' 6 
portent, of sales*' and the 
coinpimy admits it has foiled to 
make£good start in thi? area." '• 
Mr 'jL'aiui said his first task; 
was te, prepare .staff for new 
fields; He said “Matsushita has 
been -Very successful in selling 
individual products bj we have 
lacked tire ability to systematize 
them in a package and that is a 
must.for, marketing office and 
factory ■ automation equip- 
r . 

.-In 'answer to a question on 
bowke-would cope with export 
trade frictions, Mr Tanii said 
M^tsoahita’s solution was 
“mare production overseas and 
m ore "collaboration, with foreign 

MajsruShlta has 48 foctories in 
26.' countries. - ■ 

Bid banks shake off 



By Jeremy WaVner 
B mdn cS s Correspondent - 

The £fc billion-plus takeover - 
bid is : driving a juggernaut 

through the City's traditional 
structure' of merchant hnnir.Try 
foes and commissions. 

Whatever else comes out of 
the- epic battle for Distillers, it : 
will surely be remembere d - as ; 
the. bid that finally buried the 
okl commission structure of 0.5 
per cent for the prime and 1.25 . 
per cent for the sub-under- - 
writers. •’ 

Argyll's original £1.9 billion 
offer for the ..Scottish drinks 
group broke hew ground by 
tailoring . fees so that a * core: * 
group of underwriters willv 
receive a much lower rale of - 
commission if the bid Than 
"if ft succeeds. Guinness has' also 
taken steps to limit the costs of 
its rival £2.2 billion offer should 
.that prove ultimately unsuc- 

In the case of Argyll, the 
difference in costs is. between a 
little over £10 million for failure 
and around . £76 million for 
success. For Guinness, the costs 
of the offer will be limited to 
about £12 TTlflH nn if it ftilg 
rising to wen over £35 minion 
for success. * 

To . some extent, foe struc- 
tures in th City have always put 
- premium on success. The 

Ernest Saunders: interfering 
' with commission structures 


BBC names daytime 
jpirogramming chief 

Tricvirioiu Mr Roger David Brace has been appointed 
lMton will take the new post director of finance and 
orbe&d of daytime programmes administration, 
on March T. SGB Group: Mr Clive Beck 

Hawfcet Stddeley Group; Mr has been made chairman 
M. -McDftnagh .has been made, managing 'director, 
technical director of Gramptos Henry Cooke, Lumsdem Mr 
Batteries, -and Mr P. Young ■ David Adams has been T>am«>d 

:■ finance- director. Mr R. W. 
, . Crouch becomes a director of 
- Westinghouse Brake and Signal 
Coimpahy .{Australia). 
j The* Grundon Group: Me 

as managing director. 

. DPCE Holdings: Mr David 
Travers has been appointed 

ma nag ? n g 'Hfrwm rw 

Readson: Mr Michael P. 

Dick WEBgoss becomes group . Renton becomes chairman. Mr 
chairman, - , Mr Norman Martin Green and Mr K_ K. Dal 
Giyndon ' group ■ managing have joined the board. 

director. Mr Deck Stegall, Mr 
Toay.MitcheQ and Mr Richard 
Bray join the board. 

Tnisthouse Forte Hotels: Mr 
Burr Conrad has joined as 
president and chief executive. 

pick Wlllgoss 

' London School of Economics 

and.. FPlifical’ Science: Pr 
: Patricia Crocker becomes 

• director of information 
technology on March 1. 

Inbucon Management Con- 
sultants: Mr L. H. Brooks 
' becomes chairman and chief 
.executive. Mr E. R. Alston and 
Mr G. A, Smith have been 
appointed managing directors 

Provident. Life Association: 
Mr B. E. Radley has been 
appointed managing director. 

The; Hickie Borman Travel 
Group: Mr Vladimir Rate has 
become group chairman, .Mr 
■j. Alan ReEf group managing 
•4. .v director and Mr Michael Mills 
v .j/. -group deputy . managing 
: director. Sir Bernard Andley 
and Mr Peter Tyrer have joined 
the board. 

. St Andrew Trust Mr John C 
-Rafferty becomes a director. 

British Metallurgical Plant 
Constructors’ Association: Mr 
Trevor F. Hammond has been 
appointed as director. 

MPR Communications: Mr 
David Neal has been made 
deputy managing director. Miss 
. Marilyn Watson has joined the 

... Moore Stephens: Mr Arthur 
Cohen has become a partner in 
the New York office. 

Mediscus Products: Mr 
David PoQington becomes 
managing director, and Mr 
Wfllbun Ross joins the board. 

jilswick-Hoppen Mr J. L 
Turner becomes deputy chair- 
man and Mr D. A. Cross 
succeeds him as group manag- 
ing director on February 1. 

British-Bomeo Petroleum 
Syndicate: Mr Michael Randle 

of Intoori . Human Resources has been appointed a director. 

and of Inbucon Corporate 
.and Technology. Services 
. respectively. 

HasabroS.. Advanced Tech- 
- nology Trust Mr H. E. 

• Filzgibboas joins the board as 
managing director. 

NOP Mkrkct Research: Mr 
Charipr Bsley and Mr Frank 

• Macey become joint managing 

✓ HobsonsTMr T. G. P. Rogers 
has joined the board. 

Eastern Electricity Board: Mr 
Trey or - 'Mnddhnan has been 
preappointed a non-executive 
! member of the board for 
another three years. 

The Stock Exchange: Mr. 



ABN Bank — ..12%% 

Adam & f umi w n y - 1 2 14% 

BCa » 12 %% 

Citibank Saying* - 
CbnsoHdatcd Crds — ™ 
Continental Trust 

Co-opferative Bank.. 

C.-Hoare& Go 

Lloyds Bank — — 

Nai Westminster - 

TSB-’ . ^ 

Citibank NA 

t ; Mortg^r Base Race. 

_.t l2Wfc 
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Builder Group: Mr Alan 
Talbot has been made a director 
of. Bunding (Publishers) and 

becomes advertisement director 
from April 1. Mr Ian Barnett 
becomes advertisement director 
of Building Services Publi- 

. Manufacturers Life Insurance 
Company: Mr Alan Turner has 
been made a non-executive 

Wilson (Connolly) Holdings: 
Mr Michael Hollingbery has 
joined the board as a non- 
executive director. 







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Oar business is selling yours 

difference between the advisory 
fee paid to a merchant bank that 
succeeds in a takeover bid and 
the one that faifc has tradition- 
ally been very large indeed. 

But these fees 'are largely 
discretionary, agreed on an ad 
-hoc basis between adviser and 

In., the Distillers - takeover 
fight,, the bidders led by Mr 
James' Gulliver, of Argyll, and 
Mr Ernest . Saunders, of Guin- 
ness - have begun to interfere 
with the previously sacrosanct 
structure of underwriting 
commissions, which in a large 
bid is where the merchant banks 
'make the vast bulk of their 

Morgan Grenfell, acting for 
Guinness, has agreal to halve 

the normal commission for 
acting as prime underwriter for 
the £1.6 billion worth of new 
Guinness shares that the Distil- 
lers bid involves. Even so, the 
merchant bank will net a cool 
£4 million out of the underwrit- 
ing. even if the offer is referred 
to the Monopolies arid Mergers 
Commission or lapses for any 
other reason. 

If the offer is successful on ' 
the other hand, Morgan Gren- 
fell will get the full O.S per cent 
- worth £8 million and. the 
biggest sum ever earned by a 
merchant bank out of a 
takeover, bid. 

Normally- an underwriting 
operation of the size involved 
in Guinness’s offer for Distillers 
would have been syndicated 
among several merchant banks. 

Even before the Argyll bid, 
the Government’s privatization 
programme was beginning to 
pioneer more ' competitive 
underwriting commission rates. 
During the recent Cable and 
Wireless issue, keen demand for 
the stock . from institutions 
enabled the Treasury to pay 
rather lower commissions to the 
prime underwriters, and the 
sub-underwriters on the placed 
firm stock, than is usual. 

For the first time in a 
privatization, the prime under- 
writing business was put out to 
. competitive tender, enabling 
much keene rates to be achieved 

S Africa’s 
highest for 
65 years 

Johannesburg (Reuter) - 
South African inflation has 
soared to its highest for 65 years 
and economists yesterday voiced 
fears about the impact of price 
rises on the deleagnered econ- 

The steep rise In the rate of 
inflation to an annnallTtH 18.45 
per cent last month from just 
under 17 per cent in November - 
took many economists by 

Mr Rob Lee, chief economist 
of a Sooth African . insurance 
group, called the rise pretty 
disturbing. The December fig- 
ure was the highest since 1920, 
when the country was caught in 
a worldwide inflationary spiral 
after World War L he said. 

South Africa's economy has 
ran into serious trouble, mainly 

because of international press- 
ure-after months of violent black 
protest in its racially-zoned 

Lobbies against apartheid 
have pressed multinational 
companies to pull their money 
out of the country and foreign 
bankers have cot credit lines 
amid fears for South Africa's 
political stability. 

This forced the rand down 
from 85 US cents in March 
1984 to just over 35 cents last 
August, pushing np the price of 
imported goods dramatically. 

The currency has recovered to 
above 43 cents since the 
authorities imposed a partial 
freeze on debt capital repay- 
ments in September. 

Aviation claims 
hit $lbn record 

By Alison Eadie 

Last year was the worst ever 
for aviation insurers with 
claims reaching $1 billion (£708 
million ), according -to estimates 
by the Institutes of London 
Underwriters whose members 
write 25 per cent-of- the worid’s 
marine and aviation insurance. 

Half the claims were for lost - 
or damaged aircraft and the 
other half for liability arising 
from the deaths of more than 
1 ,500 passengers last year, 
compared with only two deaths 
in 1984. 

The Air India Boeing that 
crashed in the Irish Sea was the 
highest valued aircraft ever to 
be lost and was valued at S95 
million, plus S3.S million for a 
spare engine it carried. 

Space insurance business is 
still very unprofitable, the 
institute said. Claims for lost or 
malfunctioning sate lines rose to 
about S38S million in 1984. 
There remains a severe shortage 
of underwriters willing to write 
this class of business. 

Rates have risen so high 
sometimes 25 per cent of the 
worth of the satellite - that 
some satellite owners have 
stopped buying insurance cover. 

Numbers of ships lost in 1985 
were down to 1 89 against 214 in 
1984, but the ross tonnage of 
those -lot was marginally higher 
at 1.3 million tonnes. Last year 
also produced some of the 
biggst individual' - offshore 
' claims seen in recent years. 

Mr Donald Town, retiring 
chairman, of the ' institute, 
questioned whether brokers 
should benefit from the very 
high premiums now being paid 
for liability ans excess, loss 
protection by the maintenance 
of a fixed commission. 

Some underwriters, both at 
the institute and Lloyd's, are 
concerned - that brokers are 
earning too much .from in- 
creased rates and that the 
balance needs to be tipped back 
more in the underwriters' 

La Roche sales up 8% 

Basle (AP-Dow Jones) - Hoffinann-La Roche & Co, the 
pharmaceuticals and chemicals group, said group sales rose 8. 1 per 
cent to 8.94 billion Swiss francs (£2.98 billion) in 1 985 from Fr8!27 
billion the preyious year. The company said it expected improved 
group profits m 1985. It announced profits of Fr38Q JL million in 
1984, up 16 per cent from the previous year. The unusually high 
growth rate in sales during the first six months of 1985 had 
markedly levelled off in the second half the company said. Sales 
had risen 17 per cent in the first half. Pharmaceuticals division 
sales rose 9.4 percent to Fr3.79 billion exceeding their target 

China may 
relax law 
on profit 

From Mary Lee, Peking 

A new set of regulations 
intended to belp China's joint 
ventures resolve foreign cur- 
rency problems will be issued 
soon, according to Mr Gu Ming, 
head of the State Council's 
Economic Legislation Research 

"Not all equity joint ventures 
have a favourable balance of 
earnings in foreign exchange 
from which the investor may 
draw to send profits abroad,” 
Mr Gu said in a newspaper 
interview published in Peking. 

Now on, a joint venture 
running a deficit can be helped 
out by the government depart- 
ment under which it foils: the 
department may draw on the 
foreign reserves of other joint 
ventures under its adminis- 
tration to help out the loss- 

Other “flexible” measures 
will include giving joint ven- 
tures producing “sophisticated 
and internationally competi- 
tive” goods a bigger share of the 
domestic market for longer 

Joint venture products which 
are sold to Chinese enterprises 
with foreign currency reserves 
may have prices and accounts 
settled in foreign currency.. 

Under the new rules foreign 
investors are allowed to estab- 
lish two or more joint ventures 
in China and “pool their total 
foreign currency earnings in- 
stead of trying to balance the 
books of individual ventures.” 

The best known name in merger broking 


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the UK. The Groups major human 
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one of the newernames 
in arthritis research 

Sterling Research Laboratories, Onslow Street, 
Guildford, Surrey GUI 4YS 



t FOCUS 1 

By Pat Blair 

Flying the flag 

to bill the 

T he Arthritis and Rheu- 
matism Cornell for 
Research is holding this 
week its . first public 
education week, less than a 
-month before its 50th birthday. 
It is celebrating its golden 
jubilee with radio phone-ins, 
involving rheumatologists and 
other physicians who specialize 
in treating rheumatic disorders. 

In half a century, rheumatic 
diseases have lost their image of 
being the Cinderella of medi- 
cine and now attract the 
scientific attention of Nobel 
prizewinners and top-line re- 

Yet despite the prevalence of 
rheumatic disease — osteoar- 
thritis, for example, has been 
found in many vertebrates apart 
from man. and including fish, 
whales and dolphins - until the 
1960s in Britain it was not 
generally recognized as a medi- 
cal speciality. Most cases were 
dealt with by general prac- 

Dr F. Dudley Hart, a 
rheumatologist who is a mem- 
ber of the council, was in at . the 
beginning when it was formed 
and held its inaugural meeting 
at the Royal Society of Medi- 
cine in London, with Lord 
H order as chairman and the 
Duke of Gloucester as presi- 

From the be ginning as the 
Empire Rheumatism Council, 
its aim was to encourage and 
finance research into rheumatic 
disorders, to educate the medi- 
cal profession and the public 
and to make more people aware 

of the size -of . the 1 problem and 
its effect- on both the -health of 
individuals add on .the econ- 
omy, through working' days lost 
due tb : - illness. Its first year’s 
income, recalled by' Dr. Dudley 
Hart, was £2,000. ' 

Now it spends more than £5 ■ 
million on research and has 
committed itself to projects 
involving £23 million over the 
next three years. More than 
1,000 fund-raising branches will 
be aiming to draw-in more than 
that to support nearly 200 areas 
of research^ at -centres through- 
ourtbrUK., : ’ 

The- branches, -'iwzncxr- range 
from gronps of Iff*or 20 to one 
or two women '.working on their 
own, -are supported -by one of 
the organizers - in - «»eh of the 
council's 30- regions. Most ‘of 
them are wo men. • 

“They're indomitable,” says 
Jim Norton, the council's 
general secretary. “I go out with 
them on flag days there are 
some who just shouldn't be out. 
Half the people in our branches 
are arthritics who want to see 
something done about it.** 

Flag days, which, with house- 
to-house collections, are still 
effective fund-raising events, 
raised about £250,000 in 1983- 

As Britain’s major source of 
research funding into such 
diseases, the council emphasizes 
that 85 per cent of its money 
goes directly to scientific inves- 
tigation and education. 

The money goes directly to 
projects and is not caught up’ in 
paying academic tenured ap- 

pointments. “If we do decide to 
endow a professorship or senior 
lectureship, it’s one capital sum 
and that's it,” Mr Norton says. 
“AH the project work that goes 
on is based on how good they 
are and how they can convince 
the councQ’s assessors next time 
that they are worthy of support. 
They stand or fall by their 

“Although it’s hard, it means 
that we can do a lot more with 
oar money,” he says. 

The research findings are 
disseminated to doctors -in a, 
number of ways: -symposiums, 
postgraduate education and in 
written reports. ” We push out 
the. clinical, paper to every 
general practitioner in the 
country,” Mr Norton says. 

Every five years, a volume of 
collected reports is issued, free, 
to medical schools for trainee 
doctors to use and study. 
Annually, such education for 
doctors only costs the council 
pbout £500,000 a year and .the 
evidence is that pati e nt s are 
rea ping the benefits. 

Possibly the only research 
centre in the world that 
specializes wholly in rheumatic 
Himnw is the Mathilda and 
Terence Kennedy Institute of 
Rheumatoloy in London. Hous- 
ing many research scientists of 
various disciplines, such as 
biochemists, immun ologists, 
molec nla biologists, the main 
thrust of the institute’s research 
is aimed at the two major 
diseases, rheumatoid arthritis 
and osteoarthritis. 


1986 is ARCs 50th Anniversary and marks 50 years of 
achievement. The considerable advances thit have been made 

*, -. j - . . * 

through its research in knowing and Understanding the 
mechanisms of the arthritic and rheumatic diseases have 
resulted in significantly improved treatments for sufferers, and 
have also meant that, for more people than ever before in our 
country today, the diseases themselves are actually being kept 
at bay. 

ARC is determined to go on with its research until its ultimate 
goal of seeing the diseases eliminated altogether is attained. 

Using as a start-point its 50th Anniversary, it is pledged to an 
all-out effort to raise and grant the £23 million it knows will be 
needed over the next few years to maintain the levels - of 
research that will bring the goal nearer. 

You can help by sending ARC a 50th Anniversary donation, or 
contributing by Deed of Covenant. And also by remembering 
ARC in your Will 

Please make your cheque or postal order payable to the 
Arthritis & Rheumatism Council for Research. 

The General Secretary, The Arthritis and Rheumatism Council, Dept T/50, 41 Eagle Street, London WC1R 4AR. 
fro: The General Secretary, The Arthritis and Rheumatism Council, Dept T/50, 41 Eagle Street, London WCIR 4AR.T 

I I would like to help ARCs 50th Anniversary drive. 

| □ I enclose my donation of £ — : : 

| □ Please send me a Deed of Covenant form. 

I □ I wish to remember ARC in my WiUPtease send me 
| your Legacy leaflet 

| □ I wish to use my ACCESS or VISA card to make a 

( donation 

My * ACCESS/* VISA card number is (*delete as applicable) 
I i t i i i » » i i i 





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Patron HHH Hie Dochesa of Sen 

There’s hope: Dr Barbara Ansell with two-year-old Laura Fear 

One child in a thousand 
may have the disease 

I te g ia ared Charity Na 207711 

About 12,000 children'' in the 
UK suffer .from rheumatic 
Hisgjigft, which can range from 
the very mild to serious, long- 
term disorders. It is only in the 
past decade that juvenile ar- 
thritis has been widely accepted 
by the medical profession as 
being of different types; for 
many years it was thought to be 
forms of tire same ailment 

Transient aches and pains are 
not uncommon in childhood 
but serious rheumatic disorders 
are comparatively rare. A child 
m m plaining of aches and pains 
in his or her arms and legs may 
just be seeking attention, be 
reacting to stress or anxiety, be 
seeking an excuse to escape 
school or some other impo- 
sition prbe suffering from any 
number of infections ' 

Nevertheless, there .remains 
the one child in a thousand who 
has some form of juvenile 
arthritis' in the early years of its 
life. Chronic, or long-lasting 
juvenile arthritis is often known 
in Britain as Still’s disease, after 
the child specialist, George 
Frederic StilL 

The most common age for 
one of the types of arthritis to 
occur in children is between two 
and four, although it can 
happen at any time. According 
to Dr Barbara Ansell, a world 
authority on the condition, it is 
very distressing to the child’s 

“If you have a handicapped 
child from birth”, -she says, 
"there are terrible traumas for 
the parents in the first few 
weeks of life; then they gradu- 
ally adapt to it But when a 
perfectly lovely, healthy baby 
gets knocked down by even one 
swollen joint - let alone, a 
serious illness - it is terrible for 
the parents”. . . . 

Yet 80 per cent of the 
children affected go on to lead 
perfectly normal adult lives. 

The most common form qf, 
arthritis in children, affecting 65 
to 70 per cent of all children 
with -the disease, will involve 
only one or two joints. 

At the other end of the scale, 
out of every 100 children with 

juvenile arthritis, 10 or 1 1 will 
have systemic arthritis, in 
which there is fever, skin rash 
and .widespread aching or 
swelling in their joints; half of 
these children will have a very 
serious illness. 

Doctors still do not know 
what causes juvenile chronic 
arthritis. There is no evidence 
that catching cold, getting wet 
feet, sleeping in a damp bed or 
eating the wrong foods lead to 
the illness. No viral cause has 
been identified. As rheumatic 
diseases are common among all 
ages - another member of the 
child’s family has usually had 
some form of rheumatism - 
there may be a genetic link but 
there is no dear evidence that 
children have inherited their 

Treatment may be 
needed for years 

It was Dr Ansell’s work, 
started when she was a junior 
doctor in 1959, that revealed 
that it is not all the same 
disease. Unique in that she is 
following- up children that she 
first treated in 1959, her 
research has traced the natural 
history of the disease in those 
patients. From such studies, she 
says, “if was learned that it was 
not just one disease, not only 
different clinically but immuno- 
genetically.” Now she is just 
completing the 25-year follow- 

' She adds: “We’ve- watched 
the disease split out in different 
ways. - As new -techniques be- 
came available for sorting out 
arthritis, so we’ve applied them 
to the juvenile group.” 

For all forms of the disease, 
the aim of treatment is to 
suppress its active phase and 
prevent deformities. Treatment 
may need to continue for 
months or even years but most, 
children can live at home and 
attend a normal school, relying 
on drug therapy to control 
many of the symptoms. One or 
two children may need an 
occasional day in hospital, for 

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example for steroid injections to 
reduce inflammation in the 
•affected joint. 

Splints are used on the 
growing child to prevent de- 
formities. rest splints may be 
' worn at night on wrists, knees 
or ankles, while work splints 
protect joints that are in use, 
such as during school lessons 
when the child’s 'neck is bent 
over or the wrist used in 
writing. There may be bouts of 
eye inflammation, “but with 
appropriate treatment today the 
majority of these can be 
controlled," Dr -Ansell says. 

It is the 5 per cent with the 
serious illness that account for 
much of the crippling, the 
. failure to grow and the long- 
term problems of juvenile 
arthritis, she says. But only in a 
.minority is corrective Surgery 

In general, children with 
active disease are discouraged 
from competitive sport but 
cycling and swimming are 
considered excellent exercise. 
Says Dr Ansell* “Physiotherapy 
is one of the mainstays of 
maintaining joint position and 
function during the period the 
disease is active.” A daily 
exercise programme tailored to 
individual needs prevents 
muscles wasting and parents are 
encouraged to play a leading 
role in their child’s therapy. 

Not all children - need the 
specialist treatment that Dr 
Ansell offers from her base at 
the CRC division of rheuma- 
tology at North wick Park 
Hospital, in north-west London, 
or at the specialist centres 
throughout the country, of 
which she visits a number once 
a year. 

Paediatricians and rheumato- 
logists are the targets of her 
attempts to increase awareness 
of the diseases. 

“It is not from the medical 
point of view we need more; it’s 
the other services that need to 
be improved. But one of the ‘ 
important things is that if 
parents, are worried ■ and. un-v 
happy, very paediatricians '; 
.would.' deny them, a second:' 

opinion.” -• 

; There is,- she says, much work;, 
thdt needs' tobe done in support '■ 
/or parents. “It’s important to - 
get over the idea that chronic- 
disease in tfre. family, or a 
.disease that -could' potentially"' 
-become' chronic, ; can . be very 
distressing to the family. .- 

“These diseases aren't' lived • 
.in hosphaV- they’re lived' at * 
home - and that goes for* all > 
.rheumatic diseases; as far as I'm 
concerned”, says Dr AnselL 



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» The ArtbrioiSc TTTirnnuiliin 
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50th •nnivLiMij 


* Gnman Crant 
London SW1X7ER 


Genes that can provide the vital clue 

^‘uonal picture of 
^•L yl °S'ng spondylitis is of a. 
no (fanned spine, mcoi 
ouen. aiihough not exclusively.. 

I . -pii-fcvu IV -rv* 

'* ■* . a misleading picture, 

according to Derek Brewerton, 
• ^roiessor of Rheumatology at 
Westminster Hospital. London. 
Ke believes that there may be 
bet 50.000 and a quaner of 
rv * wwHon' . people with the 
■* .J se * , 2r ? nrf 90 per cent of 
Uicrarpave not been diagnosed. 

NW bint-back victims “make 
up ojJy.a tiny proportion of all 
spondylitis", he says.. 
^hCTfe.aire many more people 
'vuh'toniy niinor forms of the 
same thing. '’ 

DSfiiosis &; however, com- 
pltcaed ‘by the fact that 
genefic^ny.j .spondylitis relates 
to apuirraer of other disorders, 
suriSap. psoriasis, a skin disease. 
Inflammatory bowel disease 
avesjkps genetically with spon- 
dylips, which itself overlaps 
with other rheumatic diseases of 
both the spine and the limbs. 
Thirty per cent of patients with 
spondylitis also have iritis, an 
inflammatory ailment of the 

Behaved like 
V'two diseases 

Fpr many .people with only 
minor symptoms, it is probably 
cnoogh that their doctor is 
awate of. xhe diagnosis. Pro- 
fessor Brewenon says, so that if 
ihciy is a. problem in later life, * 
■ the correct- treatment can be 
* givep. . - 

Others may be helped merely t! 
by knowing that their aches and c 
pains are not imaginary and by 
advice an maintaining good c 
posture arid having exercise or ii 
by relieving pain and stiffness si 
with tablets to reduce the tl 
inflammation. it 

But even for people with h 
more severe symptoms, usually cl 
aged between I'8 and 25, in the gi 
majority , of cases the disease ft 
subrides by the time they are 30 o 
and ihey cease to have any 
more trouble. tf 

It was. a' discovery by ti, 
Professor Brewerton. together w 
with work in Los Angeles, that dt 

. ' ' ' : 

\ 4 ; 

• ' i 

. ’ >• ■ 

— r 

.<*r> i:* 


Professor Derek Brewerton, who helped find the genetic markers, in consultation at Westminister Hospital 

genetic research not only into 
spondylitis but of a whole range 
of conditions as different as 
multiple sclerosis,. diabetes and 
schizophrenia. ■ 

Although it had been long 
suspected that there was a 
hereditary factor in ankylosing 
spondylitis and related rheu- 
matic disorders, it was not until 
1973 that research by Professor 
Brewerton and his team showed 
a very' close association between 

those diseases and people with a 
certain tissue type. 

Medical science had already 
established that there arc 
inherited antigens on the 
surfaces of all cells throughout 
the body. Those antigens occur 
in millions of combinations and 
help determine individual 
characteristics: rather like blood 
groups they can be identified 
from birth and remain through- 
out an individual's life. 

Professor Brewerton found 
that people with the particular 
tissue type, the genetic marker, 
were 300 times more likely to 
develop spondylitis than the 

of the patients with ankylosing 
.spondylitis had iritis, yet they 
did not seem to be compli- 
cations of the one disease. They 
behaved more like two diseases 
in one individual. 

“What occurred to me." be 
says, “was that instead of being 
a complication, it might be that 
the genes were related and that 
the genes laid down that you 
might have both conditions, if 
you were unlucky." 

Collaboration . with Moor- 
fields Eye Hospital' in London 
revealed that patients with iritis 
bad the same genetic marker, 
even when they did not have 
rheumatic disease. Further 
work revealed that people with 
non-rheumaloid arthritis in 

• The - Arthritis and 
Rheumatism Council 
can be contacted at 
41 Eagle Street, 
London WC1R 4AR. 
Telephone: 405 8572 

their limbs had the same 

were programmed from birth to 
be susceptible to react in a 
specific way to the “environ- 
mental trigger**, the virus, 
bacteria or whatever it may be. 
Research work in Finland 
added to the discovery. 

But it. was when Professor 
Brewerton 's team found that the 
marker was less common in 
people who had both spondy- 
litis and psoriasis that they 
established that some genes 

worked like a team - if you had 
one, you needed less of the 
other. They had to search for 
their patients; in London, a city 
of nearly eight million people, 
they found 40 and reckoned 
there were only about 70 
altogether. It was that associ- 
ation between genes and the 
specific disease that fired the 
scientists into new lines of 
genetic investigation. 

“I thought then, and it seems 
to be borne out, that all the 
inflammatory rheumatic dis- 
eases will have genetic markers, 
when we know enough, and that 
they also determine the so- 

get,” Professor Brewerton says. 

■ For patients, the practical 
effect is that it gives one half of 
the jigsaw puzzle. “It's all very 
well to say that we are 
programmed from birth and are 
susceptible, the second half of 
the. equation is: what are we 
susceptible to? The real advan- 
tage of the discovery is that it • 
will lead on to the next one, the 
crucial one." 

The likelihood of someone. 

developing ankylosing spondy- 
litis is about one in a thousand, 
rising to 300 in a thousand of 
those with the genetic marker. 
Yet a screening test would be 
unhelpful as less than 2 per cent 
of those with the marker will 
develop spondylitis. 

With irititis, there is circum- 
stantial evidence that it may be 
due to a virus. Professor 
Brewerton bemoans the lack of 
sufficient funds for research. 

“Scientifically, the! problem 
over acquired * immune de- 
ficiency syndrome. Aids, is 
somewhat similar. Yet research 
funding for Aids is an 

of people so far. Here, we are 
talking about possibly pain and 
disability in millions or billions 
of people in the world with, all 
kinds of arthritis. 

“In America, they've got so 
much money to spend on Aids, 
they don't know what to. do 
with it alL But with this, there 
just isn't any- money -being put 
into it It seems to me that it's 
crazy that we don't - take these 
chronic diseases-so seriously.’' - 



Thousands of people suffer pain 
and distress through one of the 
two major rheumatic diseases, 
osteoarthritis and rheumatoid 

Although they both affect the 
area of joints, the two com- 
plaints are unrelated. The 
former appears to be an 
aberration of the cell biology of 
joint tissues and is also known 
as arthrosis or degenerative 
joint disease. Rheumatoid ar- 
thritis, however, appears to be 
an autoimmune disease in 
which the body attacks its own 
cells for some reason. About 1.5 
million people in Britain suffer 
from it, 70 per cent of them 
female, although many cases are 

Osteoarthritis is common in 
older people, leading to research 
views that age plays a part in 
the disease. However age alone 
does not cause it and it does 
sometimes start in young 
adults. In some forms, hardily 
plays a part; particularly the 
variety that affects the hands of 
middle-aged women. 

With such an ailment, one or 
more joints may be affected 
although it does not “spread" to 
all joints. With it, the cartilage, 
the “gristle cushion" at the ends 
of adjoining bones, becomes 
thinner and its surface is 

Extra fluid may be produced 
by the body to protect the joint, 
causing it to swell slightly. In 
some cases, the cartilage 
cushion may be severely dam- 
aged allowing the bone ends to 
rub against each other, giving 
the victim pain and ultimately 
causing bone damage 

In severely painful cases, and 
usually after other forms of 
treatment have been tried, such 
as physiotherapy, hydrotherapy 
pr tablets to reduce the pain and 
inflammation, surgery may be 
offered. The best-known are the 
hip-joint replacement oper- 
ations which are still the most 
successful of the joint replace- 
ment techniques. Such surgery 
has. according to one re- 
searcher. probably done more to 
help older people with severe 
osteoarthritis than any other 
single remedy. 

Rheumatoid arthritis causes 
inflamation of the joint lining 
and often runs throughout the 
body . affecting many, joints,. 
Sometimes * leading to severe 
damage to the area. It can also 
cause -sufferers to fed tired, lose 

weight or develop anaemia. 

Although it may start at any 
age, it often is active for the first 
time in young and middle-aged 
adults and runs a course of 
flare-up and remission. 

* Studies at the ARC Epidemi- 
ology Research Unit at Man- 
chester University have shown 
that the pattern of the diseases 
Varied throughout 'the country..- 
According' * to •• Dr -Elizabeth' 
Bad ley, deputy di rector of - the 
unit, people in'Scotland, Wales. 

the north and north-west of 
England and in the Yorkshire 
and Humberside areas suffer 
worst with almost every type of 
rheumatic disease, “although 
the same is true of most 
ailments". By contrast. East 
Anglia and the south-east of 
England escape lightest. 

. Sadly, the medical and 
paramcdicaT services are 
broadly provided in those areas 
in .-inverse proportion to the 
numbers of sufferers. 

What a frozen shoulder really means 

Only one person -in SO is likely 
to go through life without one of 
the rheumatic complaints which 
now- -affect about 20 million 
people -in the United Kingdom. 
Each year, a million, and a half 
people attend- hospital out- 
patient departments for the first 
time with a problem of their 
joints, or the muscles and tissue 
surrounding them. 

One In every; five patients 
visiting their doctor is likely to 
have one of the two major 
problems, osteoarthritis or 
rheumatoid arthritis. For many 
people, their type of complaint 
will be only - a temporary 
condition but. overall, between 
six and eight million people 
remain significantly affected. 

Arthritis and rheumatism are 
commonly used to describe the 
pain and stiffness in bones, 
muscles and joints. Strictly 
speaking, arthritis is inflam- 
mation of the joint, while 
rheumatism is a general term 
covering inflammation - and 
changes in -the structure of 

muscles, bones, cartilage or 
joint membranes. Collectively 
called rheumatic diseases, there 
are more than 200 such 
disorders, accounting for the 
loss of around 70 million 
working days each year. 

Osteoarthritis, in which one 
or two joints in the knees, 
hands, hips or big toes some- 
times becomes painfully de- 
formed, or “knobbly", and. 
rheumatoid arthritis, which may 
be more widespread in the body, 
are the two problems most 
popularly known as rheumatic 
diseases. The former often 
affects those over 50; the latter 
tends to start in women aged in 
their 30s or 40s. 

Perhaps less well recognized 
by the -public as rheumatic 
ailments are gout, back pain, 
sciatica, “frozen shoulder", 
fibrositis, tennis elbow and joint 
sprains as a result of sports 

It is a fallacy that only old 
bones suffer rheumatic diseases. 
A stiff neck or “bad back” 

occurs in ail age groups. 
Ankylosing spondylitis, a form 
of spinal arthritis, mostly 
affects young men while lupus, 
another rheumatic disease, 
mainly affects young women. 
Even children, one in every 
thousand, may get one of the 
types of juvenile arthritis which 
often start between the age of 
one and four, although they can 
strike at any time during 

There are also common 
misconceptions about what 
prevents, cures or aggravates 
rheumatic diseases, wh s has 
them and what the outcome is 
likely to be. 

• Climatic effects: There b no 
evidence that different climates 
have any long-term effect on 
rheumatic diseases, which occur 
all over the world. The weather 
can affect symptoms tempor- 
arily: painful joints are often 

• Special foods: There is no 
evidence that any special diet 
will prevent or cure arthritis, or 
that it b caused by any dietary 

• Wheelchair prospects: A 
third of rheumatoid arthritis 
victims recover without becom- 
ing seriously handicapped. 

More than ^9 per cent .of 
sufferers will, -never need a- 
w heel chair. • 

• Women versus men; Women, 
are three times more likely to 
suffer from rheumatoid arthritis 
than men. When it comes to the 
arthritic disease lap ns, women 
patients outnumber men by nine 
to one; but it fa rare before 
puberty or after the menopause. 

• Inheritance: There Is a 
genetic link in rheumatic dis- 
eases but that does not mean 
that everyone in a family will 
automatically suffer from one or 
any of them. 

• Wear and tean Arthritic 
joints do not wear out from 
exercises prescribed by a quali- 
fied practitioner. In general, 
little and often b better than 
prolonged continuous exercise 
but joints should be kept 

• Cures and treatments: There 
is no absolute cure for rheu- 
matic diseases. Some arc self- 
limiting, others can . be .con- 
trolled. There are recognized 
forms ’ of therapy that can 
alleviate all types of arthritis 
and rheumatism so that suf- 
ferers are able to lead full lives 
with relatively little pain or 


The fight to alleviate the pain caused by 1 
rheumatoid arthritis is as intense as ever - | 
and Boots remain at the forefront of the f 

struggle, searchingfor a cure | 

In 1961 after lengthy and often frustrating 
research, a majorbreakthrough was made 
when Boots discovered the hitherto unknown 
compound, ibuprofen. This was to become 
the most widely prescribed anti-arthritic drug 
in the world. 

Ibuprofen has proved very successful 
in reducing pain and inflammation. 4 | 

r But success did notend there Boots 
have gone on to research and produce a 
further anti-arthritic compound - thus 
enlarging the armoury of products ranged 
against this disease 
Boots' research now concentrates on 
finding a compound which will halt the 
rheumatic disease process 
And judging by the discipline jWL 
and fighting spirit of all ‘ t 8P 
those involved, such a day ; ^ jsas^ 
must come sSssssSSs 

"<* »OB1B MMPIHil IU 

The Boots Company PLC 

Nottingham NG2 3AA 



Arsenal look to their front gunners 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 
Excluding goalkeepers Bobby y«Krday to face his former 
Robson stands to lose more colleagues and to become 
than a third of his England ^ on s , cl °* companion for 
squad tonight. If the Milk Cup ' vcnm J:„ A * xon<1 ^L 5 ”} 
quarter finals at Lofius Road ° ld fi ller y- omitted 
and Villa Park are drawn he will f™ 1 ? v,clor >' ovef 
be forced to find replacements U. nn ® d ^ ut m ® y "9^ ro - e 
for seven of the outfield of subsuiute. A third. Walker, is 

representatives he has chosen cu P- l,ed - . . 

for an international in Egypt 
next week. 

Chelsea, already finalists in 
the Full Members Cup and 

The outcome in Birmingham Liverpool s hosts in the f° urd J 
is the most crucial Anderson, round of the FA Cup. have not 
Stewart Robson and Sansom lost in ! 8 games. They would be 
can influence their own and even firmer favourites if the ue 
Arsenal's fate but Hodge was staged on grass 1 On their 
cannot. He is missing for Aston last visit to the Ra nge^ “^pet 
Villa through suspension. Nor they earned a dra y 

mav Woodcock. Althoufth selec- through two penalties from 

may Woodcock. Although selec- lbrougi 
ted by his country, he is likely to Dixon, 
be no more than substitute for Oxft 
his club. in J ured 

Oxford United, without the 
injured Langan, who broke 

Quinn, a flag-pole of a centre down m a reserve pme on 
forward, will retain his place Monday, mustalsomake fuH 
alongside Nicholas in Arsenal's use of home advantage at the 
anack and their partnership Manor Ground. ln T ”* h 
should continue to flourish cup ties against Tottenham 
against a side who have won Hoispor and yina Po^mouth 
only twice in the last 10 weeks, confirmed l that thev : are able to 
Channon. for instance, could mix comfortably in tirst div- 
scarcelv believe how easily ision company. 

Villa's defence was stretched by Alan Ball keeps the same i line 
Portsmouth in the FA Cup ue up that lost on Saturday ai 
last week. Nop^ch City, the second 

Stainrod. as nonchalant as he division leaders. eir one 
is talented, is the danger. He doubt is *he»r chairman John 

claimed two of the goals in the 
victory over Porimouth and 
one in the 3-2 defeat at 
Highbury in October. In the 

Deacon, who is suffering from 
influenza. He will not want to 
miss the occasion. Portsmouth 
have not reached the last four ot 

absence of Keown. who is cup- cither cup competition since 
lied, he will be shadowed by 1949. 

either Adams, another younster. 
or Caton. who is considering a 

Fenwick and Dixon, Rob- 
son's other potential casualties, 
will be in direct opposition in 
the West London derby at 

• All 27.000 tickets for the tie 
between Queen’s Park Rangers 
and Chelsea have been sold- No 
one without a ticket will be 
allowed in. 

• Cambridge United have sig- 
ned a unique sponsorship deal 

U1C WCbl L.UUV1UU M* - 1 r t_ I* J . f*. rm 

Lofius Road. Fenwick has with the adventure holiday firm 
recovered from a slight injury PGL. which has saved 
and will lead an unchanged youth team and secured tnejoos 
Queen's Park Rangers side that of their eight apprentices. 1 nc 
were successful for only the deal could also mean several 
second time in nine matches schoolboy prospects spo«®d« 
last Saurdav. POL's summer football schools 

Wicks was also passed fit being signed by the club. 

— ■ rugby union j; 

Courtney is Top world plftyers - 
Engiand’s take part in 

World Cup cen tenary games 

reteree ByD.vMH.u.ds.RrebyCorress^deB. . 

.sr-r-’S TwwJ««sas aSiMESflSfcS: 

ToffichU noted forte ^ have imntejL 22 ^^ncanceUeto . • * 

“calming effect on rtoyere ?! flyers, ,!£ ! SarUo5ietwo Albert Agar; chairman ofihe 

the situation" had been named mm South Africa. totake partinui^ Hoard's cBrtetmy committee. said 
S* referee for the World Cup match^atCard^ ^^. ** nodiffiorife Jg 

c^naK m April to celebrate tnecKuenj^ ^nected from anu^apanhetd denw 

lie is joined byBriamMcCmlay ^ board. The SSSre at either pnie.--, . 

of Scotland and Alan Snoddy exdusivdy from the The British Lions teant, to be 

Northern T«tad ontoe tat of 36 om« * "H; J™ * c 



vSmfog <Sec°t on players "hjgg 
the situation" had been named MM 
English referee for the World Cup 

disjoined by. Brian- McGmlay 

The IntciMW 
Board have Lnvt 


Northern Iretad onure ^ endof the managed by . CUvo . 

igss® hhshi 

from his County Durham school 
A Football League referee «w. l* 

years. Courtney, aged 44, has 
handled many WP games jndwgf 
the 1980 FA Cup final ! 

UEFA Cup final and the 1983 Milk 

Cup finaL „ 

-He is a good choice, a well 
respected and experienced official 
said the League's refereeing spokes- 
man. John Ooggins. "He is- known 
for the way he can cal m people 
down. One look from George and 
players know they have got to cool 
ihe situation." 

Hmmnwly tAustrtaLA Pwratf ( 8*0. B 

Sff w April 16 and between a Five Nations dnmpionfi^ 
KSwXV and die Rest at international 
T^dXnn on April 19 -form te ve both 

mhfmrtof the board's celcbraiion sponsored ^thOTconraatee ^ . 
pIans?During that same week some recommMi sh^Many^money 

•"re 1 * . . c— • bv remain over alter - n ec es sary p*. ■ 

inert “at Heytorop pcoscs have been met/toaUtbejn. 

Park to discuss the expansion of the into a separate assooav ^ tfair 

2S^ W vSSwide, with the theme organization of .fame worfj 
?riMid£hip through Rugby’- . congresses in mind. 

The overseas playing, party is -The congress tors April wiU be 
composed of nine Australians, eight the dwetopansnl ana 

New Zealanders and six Sooth administration of the game", Mi 
i Africans which, together with toe .Agar said. "We want. to talk about 
French quintet, reasonably reflects coaching, selection, referee mg. am 
■ comparative world strengths at the tbe proceedings of toe congress min 

moment. Any New Zealand concern be published at a Iain date." Then 
ar Aosrralia’s greater representation have already been acceptance* from' 
may be soothed by the captaincy ot ^ countries, among them 301 *:%. 
the party going to- Andy Elalton, dt® flung corners of the rugoy world as 
"All Blacks hooker. Bob Templeton, jjj C ivory Coast, T h aila n d and-iM : 
whose Queenslanders played- lh® Cook Islands. Chile, East Germany, 
last march of their British tour Mauritius and the. Soviet Union 
yesterday at LhraelH, wfll mMiage have not yet indicated .whether thn 
the side whose coat* will be Brian attend. ' . 

Lochore (New Zealand), with the Sincc annual meedng oT.tbe 
assistance of Jacques Fouroux board is plannhcd- around ~ fa 
(France). . , centenary week, delegates; to ihe 

The South Africans indude four congress will also be informed of fa 
oiavers who took pan m last ^test ttedskms nsarfing-assocau: 
s^nteinber’s Currie Cup final membership of the board. Suds 


U%S« B D , SB5dim' 

y TSsre mj 

Piconackong [ Mauri. A Ban Namur [mhij. ass j slanc c ot Jacques board IS pianmreo. arounu ns 

Oonta: c Bam&rida* (France). . centenary week, delegates; to the 

• Bristol Rovere travd to Luton The South Africans include four congress will also be informed of ihg 
todav for a training session to get players who took part m last latest deosmas nsauding-assccwe 
IhTfed of the artifiaal surfece at sTptember’s Currie Cup 6^ membership of toe brad. Sucfc 
Kenilworth Road in preparation for between Westra Province Mid- memberstup was ap proved in Pam 
Saturdays fourth-round FA Cup be. Northern Transvaal and a last March and a flib-aranniilee bai 

The club captain, Vaughan Jones, Carel dy Plessis, who would nave . drawn up cntenaforlhe. approval of 
has Hu but hopes to be fit and the done but for a broken jaw. The the full board meeting on -April IT; 
forward. Steve While, has made exception is the redoubtable L»n' c -which adjourns for the week of the 
sure of a place against his old dub Gerber, of Eastern Province, toe congress and concludes oa Aprfl 23. 

• Bristol Rovers travel to Luton 
today for a training session to get 

The club captain, Vatican Jones. Card dy Plessis. »ho- wouw wye 
has flu but hopes to be fit and toe done but for a brokan jjw^ ne 
forward. Stove While, has made exception is the redouble IAtoie 
sure of a place against his old dub Gerber, of Eastern Province, toe 
with three goals against Darlington centre who caused so nmch anguisn 
on Saturday. , in 1 984 and who has b«n the tagei 

. Donc^T Rover, have n* £- «— ■* SIKCUb,10n 

Gerber of Eastern Province, toe ran gress and concludes on April 23. 
rSSe who caused so much anguish oveSeas waiAftRar teh-KBo* 

Primed and at the ready: Quinn and Nicholas, a double-barrelled threat to Aston Villa 

Scots’ sixes Algerians seeking a bigger role 

aia«ri a havp throwing up the brilliant individuals' Saadane is concerned about hov 

attract .■ s ^ . .. h » pi.,™ «« «« ■« puyi,. i. 

flnTflCL Algiers fRcuier) - Algeria have 

O-lUftvt developed a taste for World Cup 

#>111 ^ _ finals and they have no intention of 

■ 11 1 I linilSB plaving simply a walk-on role in the 

-lUIA 11UU3V Mexican fiesia. Undaunted by the 

The success of the Scottish indoor prospect or meeting the triple world 
six-a-side tournament could lead to champions. Brazil, in their first 
a Scotland v England comperiiion. round group. Algerian supporters 
Aberdeen collected £11.000 on are openly confident their team will 

Monday night - £10.000 for winning reach the second round next June, 
the tournament and an extra £1.000 This confidence is based on a 

Saadane is concerned about bow 
his players will react to playing in 

The team's strength lies in their the rarified atmosphere of Guadala- 
quick-fire play and devastating jara. and he is also worried whether 
acceleration. Their weakness could they have the stamina to withstand 
be a lack of collective understanding a series of tough matches within a 
and a somewhat shaky defence. short space of time. Algeria’s first 

The leading players include the taste of playing at high altitude in 

the tournament and an extra 
for being the hiighesl scorers. 

short-lived but spectacular cam- 

forward Rabh Madjer. the top 
scorer in the Portuguese league with 
Porto. Djamel MeNad. a stylish 
forward dubbed here “the new Gerd 
Muller”, and rheir play-maker 

The imponan. Nonh Arrian", d “bul m’lhffin'Sj To^Mch 

«“ «“ Kll-oul .hd„n« or 5.300 Th, unknown nod “SSSo,™™ Michel PtaJS 

who watched the finals night in underdogs, caused a major upset by 
Glasgow, bringing the attendance bating the eventual losing finalists. 

midfield maestro Michel Platini. 
Like Morocco, Africa's c 

for the three sessions of the Wesl q, 
tournament to more than 12.000. 3 I 2 . b« 
That was achieved despite four Austria, 
hours of the tournament being 
shown on BBC television. i 

TT and 5 .cn Chile represen uuives in Mexico. Algeria 

West Germany 2-1. and Uiencniie ^ prcpare for Mexjco af lhe 

3-_. before bowing out - African Nations Cup finals in Cairo 

Austria. in g,j arc h. 

Their coach. Rabah Saadane. says Saadane has drawn up a list of 40 
he is pleased with the Group D draw p| a y ere from which he will pick the 

top Mexico was not a great success. Last 
with month they lost three matches, 
tvlish against Mexico. Hungary and 
Gerd Romania in a four-nation event 
naker seen as a warm-up for the finals, 
been To acclimatise the squad will 
reach i rain in Crans Montana. 1,300 
ii- metres up in the Swiss mountains, 
other in May and they will play their final 
Igeria warm-up match against Switzerland 
t the on May 6, 

has recalled 

n h i< w 11 because Brazil and Spain play the 22 for Cairo. He has recalled 

r-S his kind of Ulin 8ame w ^ ich f u “ veterans like Guendouz and Ali 

^ i Algeria. Their first match is on June Fergani. the former captain, who 

team fell to quali^ when they were 3 against Northern Ireland, the odd announce d his retirement from 

JrJ final ^rar C %aid- “We tcam oul in ** Kroup v ? lh international football last year. The 

fourth a ndfinal ^racsaid. more physical Bntish style, based list indudes II professionals playing 

on the long ball. for European clubs, among them. 

v uy UIMM 5 W 1 , "iiv ■■■- 

team fail to qualify' when they were 
beaten 4-1 by Dundee in their 
fourth and final game, said: "We 
were ddighted to compete and tbe 
players have enjoyed the tourna- 
ment. I am sure other English sides 
would be delighted to attend." 

RESULTBb Croup on* Ducrtbjrton <L Hwt of 
MkjkStian 3; Mmchuw City 1. * 

Qraup tmoe Abart^n 2 . Dund^Ungd 1 . 
Htoemum 0. MpUwiwol 0 [Mta Wi H on 
oanaMoS) 8 w < Wn ol oi St Mlrran 3. Hibernian 
oTabarriaan 1 . IXurbaiton 0. Final: St Minan D. 
Aberdaan 3. 

international football last year. The 
list indudes 1 1 professionals playing 
for European dubs, among them. 

, , , , Newcastle Umled supponers a* an 

Yesterday S results M l service station. One was subbed 

in s l ^S»d-« 

rePtesENTATtvE match: hm Prtaon Gates, is almost certainly out of 

sanric* fa i. CainbrWfl*un**ar»Jty Q. Saturday's fourth round FA Cup tie 

Monday’s results g*- “-STLagi 

fhsokt mver trophic Na»*a« aarttarB by M ill wall shortly before 

listed Colin Douglas, their top 
scorer and fined him two wrecks 
wages for a “severe breach of dub 
disdpline". but will not say what he 

rrelled threat to Aston Villa has done. 

Millwall Bakholt 

fans not joins 

welcome Rangers 

Middlesbrough have banned Queen's Park 

Millwall supporters from dwir find g^ isb lfalf |£q r 'yesterday for an 
second division home pne of ihe Kurt BaicnoLt, y j 

5S on April 26. Thf Middleab- ^ 

rough chairman. .Mf Duffield, said ^o Sc K 


^™ t r^X eria ” d ' M ' 11 ' SSw-i-W-.W-.iW 

jf 3 %;* L-sspist 


(South Africa): aewm I ' 

(Nei* Zealand). N taiskiaM 

recently. _ . lAustraftn. u wm 

Similar speculation has piffsued MNajeWtom 
Naas BofoTthe Northern . Tm- fg? 
svaal stand-off half who is vreitinx 

Britain this- week. Botha, the goat 

SS stand-off half who played A 

against the 1980 British Lions and Zealand), s CMar 
.subsequently .had trials fix' Dallas African s 
Cowboys, the American Football 
nam, was able to return- to rugby 
union after his foiled American 
venture would, all prob - 1 

(New Zealand}, A Stack (Auintafc M Lynqb 

as^yffwsiss.* 5 * 

m ^r 


Iv two 

were out to cause trouble, 1 don't 
want them at our ground." 

Millwall supporters were tn- 

The South Wales Police have 
suspended two of their players who 
were sent off by Roger Onfrantoo, 
the international referee, during 

By David Hands 

w and the action was imamums. Baft 
players bare appeared before foe 


In addition, the dob will mpport 

Srtonfo y;, TO 

Park at Rodiampton- HawWffl^m- WeIsh Rngby Union’s dbdpftwy 

Bakholt has played 12 times for 

Jones, a prop, wfll be ont for 10 
weeks for stamping and Greg 
Prosser, a No 8 , receives six weeks 

i In addition, the Police, who were 

committee. A third player , has aba 
appeared before the committee had 
been severely - censored for .Ur 
actions in tbe same match." 
tP Francis Cloagh, . OrrrlTs Fof 

Football is a king of sports in Rachid Harkouk. or Norn County. 
Algeria - it is a state sport a A problem faring both l 
yardstick or development Every Algerian and Moroccan coaches 
pavement in overcrowded Algiers is how to guarantee the release of the 
a miniature football pitch where professionals from their clul 

sanricn fa i. Camt*Wfl*un**«r»tty Q. Saturday's fourth round FA Cup 

Monday’s results S 

freight H0VBB TROPHY: Nwtawu » » cd et r by Millwall .shortly bef 

HodutaM i. O iwwr tffl fo S toctoortceuw halftime with a hamstring injury 
pj«5? n rtafttf'eS O- toSSJu Mttoa Six Minor players who have b 

ihcunder 2 rs and lson.ihe fringe of j fnvolred 

the Denmark World Cop squad. He laat Norember when Kob«t now- 
« a team colleague of Johnny cr, Cardiff’s iaternatioml lock, waa 
Sivebaek, who is joining Man- sent off. have dlscipliw '.a dnrtl, ou- 

ch ester United. 

named player for his actioo*. 

to Gavin Hastings who joined 
London Scottish yesterday and wffl 
play against Sale to the John play* 

A problem faring both toe Nl KIrf 0U Sid «ptay= 

Algenan and Moroccan coaches is ch«knsto»c3.Grer? i 
how to guarantee the release of these FooTnALLCOSKUHATtOtaNortyichi.Oxlore 
professionals from their clubs, _ not round: 

WIWMrl ^ _ __ UL«y J VHtUlM OMK U1 Ult ament 


CORRECTION in the evidence, low) will miss today's game aganrf 

Six senior players who have been j n Brian Ghmville’s World #h# . b, which the ?* 

out of the side recently through Football column, yesterday, the P Iaycd and the age and hopes to be avafl^teagahH* ©&V 

iUness and rajury are tn^to« fo* - ^ former Wales manager. Mi ke Sm ith. ^ hiiSvIdmris concerned Hospital on Saturday. ■ 

children kick a ball, ofien made of Saadane says that clubs have J^SSnrlU>w 3 .s«MfwiO. 

newspapers. Perhaps 


responsible for principle. 

already given their agreement in central LEAGUE Sncond dhWon; Wotan 

place in the. cup team. They are the 
captain, Shaun Elliott. Frank Gray, 
Dave Swindlehurst Gary Bennett, 
David Hodgson and Howard Gayle 
are all available again. 

was said to be 'attempting to 
“tempt" the excesses of the Egyptian 
national team. This should have 
read “temper” their excesses." 

MOTOR cycling 

Top riders’ strike threat over money 

cyclists are threatening strike action and the rewards are 

if their demands for a substantial -jj, previous years we have had 

increase in prize money for the 1986 t hnn 50 riders trying to line op 

series are ignored. f or 3 ^ qaalifylng places on the 

They are demanding a 50 per cent ^ bQt ^ n ine of the 12 
increase in prize money plus a 50 per -r^ds prix started with less than 
cent rise In expenses.. Ridere 36 .- 

among the lop SO golfers in the ! 
United States with that money. 

“Unfortunately, prize money is 
decided fay the Road Racing 

represen tivc. Mike Trinby, ^ 

vesterday: "None of tins years Trinby added; "A grand pnx 
mud prix events will be couteited attrac ts an average gate of M .000 
until their demands are approached. ^ fro m the gate money only 13 per 
“Basically, the 500cc riders - and cent is paid in prizes - “■ 

we are talking about superstars like ludicrous aftoont. Spencer the wwld 
Freddie Speyer and Eddie Lawson 500cc and 2S0ce 
- *n concerned that not enough champ H>n ranted jrat 560.000^ 

■ * ■ ■ ^ilnn tlllMMlh hur fattl Ho WODldll C CVCD TmZLK 

for (be 36 qoalifylng places on the Commission of the FTM J1 liter- 
grid bat last year nine of the 12 national Motor Cycling Federation! 
Brands prix started with less than which contains a number of 
3 j," organizers. But the top 16 riders dne 

Trinby added; 

mud prix events will be contested lttracts M average gate of &JJ 
an til their demands are approached. ^ frg m the gate money only 13 


UWtTEO i PVamau^GFrank^^^d Dorl*1^*Ba: S- 
Atnuw D^tork and A Ooyto l Am *id GB1 IS: 3. D i— ■'"■ w" 

kyfiana Pacars 105. Detroit PWora 99: — 

Cleveland Cevaiers i08. Ftioert* Suna 93. MOTOR RALLYING 

young riders are coming through h is feat. He wonldn't even rtna 3. 


Navratilova fights 
off illness 
to secure title 

Manina Navratilova ovcrcameji ICE HOCKEY Pams - dakm 

determined opponent, a sore tbroai — ~~T Boutfrtt to Rosso 

and an upset stomach to win the north AsraKA: NrtonM dSsSwl M tautssti 

day with a 4-6. 6-1, 6-4 CRICKET - Rothmans Parse 

over Claudia Khode-Kjlseh. of West — VM „ and 186: *SE!*£nx 

Germany. . . Western Austral* lUKidaS tortifO Wood *2^73 

A single break of serve ui the 67 not out, m velens SSj. M atch drawn. Rothmans Honda. 

third same was enough 10 give temmiC Rothmans Honda. 

SSteSuiKh the opening set but a 1 * Hond^ 69-^13. 

revitalized Navratilova levelled toe vwCHrnu Kansas wom^e toarwiKrt Fb«t 

match at one set all. Ai SSKfiSffiW btTCM O ppr n 

toe deciding set lastod as long M fl^i.e-^KGon^KNTaLn^lFrte-f OtJCL 11 

many of Navratilovas matches. B-aLThompaonMS^rtKa^S-i.S-i.A 

with all bul two ,om, » **&*<*%" •a££2+». J°*L AT 

to compete in the 500 cc series wfll 
stick together until a solution is 

The 11 rounds of the world 
championships is scheduled to start 
in Spain on May 4 with the British 
Grand Prix at SUverstone on August 


Monte Carlo (AFP) - The Monte 
Carlo rally leadera. Henn Totvonen. 

of Finland, and Sergio Cresto. of C v 'J r 1 

Italy, were involved in a dramauc ■»«'-. ■' 

road accidrni early yesterday when .vj- _ 

their Lauda Delta S4 was in '■ 

collision with an oncoming car dose » • .WRa$ 

to the Burzet special stage m the Wri 

Ardiche region. V-v^f 

Neither Toivonen nor Cresto was ^ 
injured but toe driver of the other t ' 

vehicle was slightly hurt. Lanaa IffiMP Kiis SiaBlH feMi 
mechanics bad to work against the 

clock to repair toe damage and put 

the leaders back on the road. They ' wf., -TeH: 

were given 45 minutes to repair a HyQyplHHHHBHBHHI 

radiator to avoid a penalty being : n 

incurred. Crash course: Toivonen in a 

Britain's Ausun-Rover Metro of - . . 

Malcolm Wilson and Nigel Hams, retired when their Peugeot 205 

1 Sports Council 
pressed to 
sanction RFU 


acil Widnes recall 
0 Laughton after 

FTJ Hughes exit 

SSL’S ByidthM.ddhi : - 

“■ Dome Laughton, tbe coach who 

Vorks-hire . . ISfj I. imnhv flimt . 

Crash course: Toivonen in action just before his accident 

Malcolm Wilson and Nigel Harris, retired when their Peugeot 205 Peugeot's world cfcmtpioas, 
L,ri K*n Mini seventh Turbo 16 broke down on the Timo Salonen and Seppo Haijanne, 
iS outTcooSon fiftMoto*” special stage^between of Finland, were 1ying_third j 


Boutfintt ID Rosso. 175 1. ZanlrolB ano 

Da SVva. MftsubBhL 51 min 15 sac pervamw): 
1 Cow and Syw. MBauWis. i«J.ti 3. 
RaanaUi and Hamard, Ranga Row. 1a» «. 
Omni can: 1. Mstga and Lomov™. 
Rothmans Porsche, 3Shr 17mm *7s« 

place. rtfpPP^. Sm andRojyS^-nSr had (pm) v* I penal’ty from too Rugby Union fo"toe st^ ^ refeai^ 

Srah&Sle^ SriS^fe f . . - . « toe matoh agamrt.llaEfa^ 

twelfth and longest time trial. ' West ^many 

A call for 'auctions against toe By Keith Mackiih ; » 11(110 

Rugby Football Union because of , " • 111111(1 

their attitnde to amateur rugby Dug»e Laughton, tbe coach who 
league has been made by Yorkshire ^ to every trophy aj^J s ; : .- 

and Humberside Council for Sport from toe championship betwffl ^ 1; _ 

and Recreation. 1 97 S and 1983 has been Teraneo-br cr^ - 

The council are now urging the toe club. oometo* ~-'f : 

foil Sports Council to impose zcosptsdoi mvitimon toco^wj - r 

sanctions, probably fi n an cial, before as coadi. Irmn cK "'" r: 

the annual meeting of Rugby who resigned over the £ 100 , UW ... _ 

Union’s international board in of Joe Lydon to Wigan. l. - 

ApriL Langnton took charge :irf^Iiar " .} - 

RFU dubs receive financial' night’s iraining session atNaugh ton 
support from the Council, but refuse park and will be in control iw ^-*.- 
to accept players from the British tomghCs league game up».. ^ : 

Amateur Rngby League Association leaders Halifax at Halirax Towp j’/'-; 

unless they agree to renounce toe football ground. ' 

13^-side code. • Tony Bmte, 4 he St HdflB ^ 

John Cornwell, vioe-chainnan of front row forward, has. decided w . 
the Yorkshire and Humberside come off the transfer.:list .despite ^ 

Council for Sport and Recreation, fo-m offers -from Fcsttoersfow •; 
said: “The British Amaienr Rugby Rovers and Wigan.' 

League Association has been • •. \ ■ L;'-' 

a ttem pting for 13 years tojfohieve • The management;, cormnn^ ;■ : 

an under standing with the RFU so meeting today will consider 
that amateur, players in each game of St Helens coach Alex Murpoj. 1-. 

can freely play erther code without who was ordered from -toe ' z -.. 

S tl 


management 7 comtoi®* 

2 , M Alan ami I KlbknaM (Fin) Lauda Delta S4, 
a lmln 34eec; a T Salonen and 8 Harfanna 

. nn _ loeraiW): Z, Ick* and Brasasur, RatNiwis 

SHEFFIELD v “‘ KSSifcJMIJlfc 3- Hi gal ant !^ »atnyet 

Western Austral* I62and » IbrS (G Wood MKaj6igWi 4 ^ 57 ^ 5 . Motor circle* 1. C Neveu. 

hours Christian Geistdorier. four-times m Peugeot! 205 Ttrto 15. k ittfo \ M tne ktu on soccer,. 

Their witodratral came nours vj wisnan iyj ng Biasion and T 8 Mero m. Landa Delta 84. at anyone participating in 

after Austin-Roveris other w orks winners of toe event mia iymg MSdum (FW) and a Here (Swe). Aua Football either as a prof 

of Tony Pond and Arthur Rob second overnight, dropped to stxto sp 0 rt Q g earo.ata4a « th 

Fiited ,0 leave toe Aix-les-Bains after their AudiQuattro punctured. W Raw and C GeWdorper (WG), Audi “ 811 amatour. even to 

had failed to leave toe aixi»-~i«» at Theend of the thirteenth of the Sport Quanro. at5£3: 7. 8 Baby and J-F are also codes or footbl 
stop-over after crashing because ot ^(R^FiwwiaETkrtois.rtMta CornwelL 

steerin a problems. rally s 36 special stages, Toivonen j KanWtunen andjSronon (Brt), Paugoot fos - rsmi VilHm the 

51 The 8 French woman driver, held a dear lead over his compatriot Turbo ifc at ii;ifo a.SSwvia and j Sabaw Cyril V illi era, toe 

“There is no barrier imposed by Headingley. 
the RFU on soccer players^ or 
anyone Darticinating in American . . 

Football "eitoer" as a 'professional or UplTtinoHflfld 1 ^ 
as an amateur, even though these A , 

Sr^SL 0 ** ° r ****'"' West Yorkshire • ! 

^Cyril Villiera. the Yoitahire . £°“?2L 

regional director of the Sports £1 t 0 " W? 

Council, said “We - have met Rugby 

representatives of the ‘Freedom in and eqtup i Jigg^ 

Rugby" campaign and have, had; a HuddCTsfield. folto . 

u»M discussion with them." • ’ . man of toe ■ . 

The Wigan MP Roger- Stott -and *5^ 
yesterday called on toe Sports said toe devciopnMM^v ^ 
Minister, Richard Tracey, to take 'amateur game. ana 

action a ggfoji toe REU on thie one of toe major —t 

issue. . storms of recent years. . >/ 

67 not out M ValWM 55k Match drawn. 


WICHITA: Kansas Woman's teuiriOTant ^at 
round: (US unloss stated): A WjWrsrti (Jap) bt K 

Rothmans Honda. 67d4£f toaft Z G Ltfay . 
Rothmans Honda. 6747.51; 3. A Salesman. 

round: IU 8 unless stated): A KBmuta (Jap)bt K ___ 

Beer money 

MOTOR RALLYING: Uadm ; of Jhomgo 
toe Paris-Dakar rally struck trouble cwxtunii 
during toe two special stages acrcHS 
Africa. Rene Melge- hading toe wmmm 
can - came 10 a halt in toe mud at a nbv 
river crossing and only got going Kitsch m 
again when help amv«L 
The motorcycle leader. Cjjnl 

6-a L Thompson bt SAmdachFfl 6-1 .5- 1 . A 
Hjnrlcksson bt I Budwwa Ito3 6-0. 6-4. N 
otu [Srj bt Hu Na 7-5. 6-3: C Bwjamsi W J 

John Smith's, toe Tad caster 
brewers who sponsor Rugby Union 

w s merit tables A and B, have agreed to 
Keppetcr_(WG) 7^._6-1. M UesVv (Natfi) w b £45.000 backing for tilt 

HSS!wffi/w 5 W proride £45,000 backing for toe 

ntaaacfNMMa; Woman's Yorkshire County Cup competition 
over toe next three seasons. John 

KDsch and h Sukow (Cr) 6-6, 6 - 1 . on a trial basis this season. 


Neveu. had trouble navigating his AUCXLAND : woman's »««« 

wav to toe St Louis beach and was cure 1 . S Sam Torrance. Ian Vi oosnam, 
ottiv fourteenth fastest on toe staee jwnfoA n. ita??S»n Paul Way and Gordon Brand junior 

~ The second elevens of ^JzJSabwai). head Britain's challengers for toe 

:lass counties are to — fiOO.OOO Cathay Pacific Hong Kong 

Leading the way 

nuCKET: The secona elevens 01 
the 17 first-class counties are to 
have tocir own limited-over compe- 
tition next year, sponsored by the 
brokers. Bain Dawes. 

SNOOKER Open golf tournament, which starts 

BRISTOL: T 08 , on Februar>’ 27. 

PC OI1XA. fn _ tfMMiww 7-a N rows nwiw > ■ 

matches be to wES^ato G mus M. 

warns will be divided into tora 

groups with toe winners of each BADMINTON 

□laving a round-robin contest m . , — ^ 


The final wtU be on September 8 . ™ h GoS«. set ,?•*** „ K 

FOOTBALL; Three Coventry City; Beckman MM 

professionals have signed new nji 

rontracts «nto to e dub . Thrir, iS?SS W»S§ JJf 
«ort» ^ Steve Ovm «« 

6 Hskail tt-2, 12-Kh H Trek* 
Ian] 11 - 6 . il-t- Wnd itauMaa: 

Michael McLean, toe former 
European under-25 golf champion, 
had received an inyiauoa to 
compete in the AT & T Pebble 
Beach National Pro-Am on toe US 
PGA Tour in California next week. 

• The Remington championship, 
whieh attracted an entry of wi 
fatoer-and-son doubles teams when 
inaugurated last year, have b«n 

Michele Moulon, and her Northern and Lancia team-mates, Maricku 
l£h a> 3 rivi? . Terry Hanyman. Alen and Dkka Kjvimakta. 


Burgess steps up power Ad 

By Colin McQuillan 

Suzanne Burgess, who won toe old English player 00 

shortest first class match on record lively cumbersome. jPjSj . 

on Monday when she defeated Irving who found b'™ 1 /’ J 

Carolyn Mett in eight minutes, took head first into cachaarnn^of 
almost an hour yesterday 10 court in pursuit of precise drops and ^Tbe 
progress onestage fortocrinthe lobs. . signifia 

Blue Stratos British Upder-23 Open Aft „ lcaving Loughborough last condifr, 
championships aLMariow. Bucking a degree to sports science, ^ 0 

hamshtre. Her 9-7, 9-10. 9-1, 9-5 - o ureess persuaded toe )ork- eligible 
defeat of Liz hving, toe Australian Co J"JJy Commiltee to be toe before 
fourth seed, m the firat womart to play in the men s (i ntwI1 | 
may prove toe more significant leaglies an d umrnaxnenls. the agg 

resu t . In 1981. Miss Burgess was good three, fc 

Miss Irving has impressive ^ lo contest toe final of this This 
credentials. Her mother Jenny, last junior tournament with Ruth minimi 
year won toe British open veterans Sl L,|U 0 r Essex. Since then she has befovo 

title. This season toe 20-year-old ^ uoia -\9 open .title, a system 
daughter trained in Brisbane with c|ulch orreg ioiial competitions and For 
former world champions Heather ■ p“ i anr j cans. Penetration 10 tots will 1 
MacKny and Geoff Hunk An vasJ j v stronger semi-final^ in aUowai 

(Sp). Lands Rally, at 1639: in A and S Ornate 
(Fr), Rartauttll Tirbo. a 29:12. ■ 


Admiral’s Cup 
ratings put 
on an even keel 

iV ieetir 



Minister, Richard Ti 
action against tbe ] 


MacKav and ueon nunt. vr-ur's vastiv stronger semi -nnais, in awnvanre »u. 

toimtiCe. technicafly pM I atoe> ^fr^ree top ranked ud over ■ m «? ^ 

fete she was regarded at Marlow as JTjvT ;,. worfd, opens liar improve toe allowance to bigger 

dSoTSStic semi-final' vistas/ 6 boats. .For 1987 toe .managnment 

nnuonem for New Zealand's Susan committee oftheAdmiraTs Cup has 

^^oy, tbe world champion. : 

By John Nicholls 

The Royal Ocean Racing Qub 
have made some small but 
significant changes to some of the 
conditions for tbe Admiral’s. Cup 
series of 1987. The rating limits for 
eligible yachts will be the same as 
before, from 30 to 40ft IOR 
(International Offshore Rating) but 
the aggregate rating for the teams of 

three. boats must be at least 95ft. 

This will prevent teams of I has been suspended by the ri^^Dm^ani WaSpa 
minimum rating, which appear to j management of the Edinburgh rink champioea, mart Sun* 
be favoured under the handicapping for 2f days following a flghrdming Hmtfjdinetf alMit 

system presently employed. I Mumvfiekr* tu«bi «» ti— iuTZl™ 

For the 1986 season the RORC 
will modify their usual time 
allowance formula for ratings of 30ft 

Rink suspends Hand 
28 days after figlit 

By Robert Pryce 

Paul Hand, the Mnmyfidd.and third in the Hanekeu 1 
Scotiand international defence i?****, Tmj w jvemier (fi vision, krt ’ 
kus been suspended by . the play Durham ' Wa*ps, ti» 

Mnrrayfiebfs 13-6 win over Whitley Heavey, his foam colic _ 
Warners oa Senday. He is believed Aedycki, WUtfoy*s- new 
to fee the first player in Britain to be defenceman in the- tbW 
suspended by hls own rink. fast Sunday's garner 

*“ 5®*! toe MmxayficW rink's players, to gether ffifeX— , 
m a n a gin g director, has told the Whitley, rat sent off- 
M®rayMd Racers dub that Hand" The rink’s action-iS 
rj™ "J* J® paraittri t» represent tiiqdy in view er toe 

BSA 7 iKir<i 

ssas if ™ ■-« sjsSwws? “Jas 

signed three-year deals, while toe u m AGooMBndFBUott 
centre half Brian Kildine has ■ is . 7i » Wme sni n ^ ^ 

committed himself for two years. i DmA-eta* aro Jur Hyax>hM^iw 
»«*■ 0 “ «“ ■ 
exnire tots June. 

extended to mdude a championship flped lo a qjust her sights to the 
for mothers and daughters. The Yorkshire grit and power of Miss mk tt p 

regional winners will contrat the B _ 55S _ There were moments 7 - 9 . mm* 

concluding rounds at the tin Manga whm the silky movement « A Mm* (A«*) **■ 

Club, near Alicante, Spain, from fo c Aurtralian made toe 22-year- m.m. 

November 1 lo 8 . 

mj y[ | °^^ r i.,^«p.^ rM iQSlttLiPitnq «*ai that KM^deralion be given to MnrrayfieW ice rink* for M*day£ F^ey- AssodationV — . . 

further mo^non forimmo^iig hoU ^ the pane **!£” 

BHtpn) iM M. M- thetone allowance ofbi«er boa». Willie Clark, toe MnfrayfJdti dob : dirk k what coarse 1 

The next senes, to be sponsored toainmo. raid uenae warn ymuac ™ 

QUARTER-FWA^ bS f ^ Champagne will ^permit decide we have to go alone srith. Bat. month between Noflii!^ 

t*AM*nw£v **) **■ tiX. 0pcn djVU °TM^ 3 ^ -rj ^ him Marinyfield tort.sras zb^» 

TriOKyachtmg,page_27. Crat." Tbe Edinburgh etah, who are SSBSdSiSiriK^ 

r y?^\ 

M'- _ Colombo (Agencies) Nick in his .30, to caught at extra 
. Cook played a considerable part Tirf? 1, ** 

to put Eo^And Bm command powt^for Zi^and Ari»S 
'.JV, at the dose, of the second dayof SSimS. th£ Srf%»i2*E£ 
; ihfr fhst 'fbur-^y intenjatiOTai 

• si against Srt Lanka. ,. . . . . . • • FWlure 

i .^5:, He scored a dogged 39, 

. sharing a partnership of 86 for 
the lunfli wicket with Steven 



. Samarasekera, having come 
itt at 64 for three and added 57 
wit h Gu rusinghe; gave a «n<*h 
to extra cover in. the penulti- 
mate over of the day. Sri Fimi^ 
at- stumps, needed a further 92 
runs to avoid the follow-on; 


reach a ijnsMnnings total of 
363, and then, turned in a 
devastating’ ■ five-overs spell 
which brought him three 
wickets for two runs 

Sri Laofca recovered through 

.. .. Samarasekera and Gurusinghe ,, 

to reach 122 far four by the CLtoSfSMSSSSJs; 

- ^ dose. Mi, runs behind, with 

- ;> l Cook having taken , four for 27 
' --.£ : fhwn'17 overs. 

e . ; England B had themselves 
. ~ 3 -W recovered in the-, morning 
session. TremJett played hand- 
somely - and with Rhodes ex- 
.. _ tended the dvemight score of 
24? for seven io 277 before he 
-J.< popped a catch tosilly point and 
was out for 21. 

Gook then came in and 
• Jr? mixed de^erenined defence with 
ij' strokes . of aggression, while 
' Rhodes moved to a threo-hbur 
fifty. Rhodes passed his pre- 
? '' '3* vious highest score of 58 and 

- finished with 78 not out 
* Sri Lanka started on & 

■ rousing note. with Vonhagt and 

£??* c teA>wli &D R«nature»U~ . 



JMCKETB: i-15; 2-3S.3-6T. *-178. 
S-1W. 6-187, 7-243, 6^77. 2-383,10-363. 
BOWU WO: R^ r«fce22-S553;Amateatr17- 
W yw i M 30-1M7-3; Anuraebf 34- 
gg?j g<5*te» 1*-2-53-ft Svmrmlnn 
5tS 2CM] DRanatunga £4-0- 11 - 2 . 


MDVortaotcAOwirDCook. 22 

MAR S M W « M l M» BTttOiBb CBClu!! 
*A Ranatunge hm* ■ 





not CM. 

not out. 


ToM(4uM4 m 

. 4 

’ Phammflta' Ranatunga Quitting fau-chf wct^mV^a-sa s4a, s-iaif 

iSon 49-in 50 minutes before 

^-. 'bRandtuflga, who had five fours ^ n+zK 

■m i 


| Australians toppled 
by two hat-tricks 







From I to Tennant J ohannesburg 

South Africa won the third since he took two wickels in two, 
international .and the series in the balls to end. the. Australian first' 
most emphatic way yesterday. They . Timings.' It in s believed to be the 
bowled out the Australians fbr-a fust tune two hat-tricks had been 
paltry 61 to win by 188 runs. In the taken by different bowlers in the 
process botb Je Roux and Rice same match. 

achieved hat-tricks. 

It was a quite extraordinary- end 
to a hitherto fluctuating match. 
Almost forgotten were McKenzie's 
^ century. Dyson carrying his bat and 
’S3 Pollock's courage in batting with a 
‘ >=r fractured band. -. 

The odds if anything bad been on 

- :c v.a m Australian victory at the start of 

play. Van Zyl did not add to his 
-^overnight score and only Pollock 
with one hand in plaster, was left to 
■ support mcKenzie. He (fid so to the,, 
i i extent that they added 3f runs, 

• '-.-it' MdCenzre fonni^ the bowling and 
>:<h reaching hi*, hundred - in. . .366 

1 r minutes with 30- fours andasix^ 

■ !3» Hi* dismissal left the Australians 
-- needing 250 to win on a pitch which 

.-r a- gave a Kile extra help to the seam 
, n v s bonders after Monday's d e lug e , 
t- eftysoa and Smith began, compe- 
^ '^rstpttly and nothing untoward was 

- ; ;•%: imminent. . 

<:■ •- ijrs; At 24 the picture changed. Smith 
was caught behind and at 29 

SOtmr AFRICA: Hrst kMngfc '2t1 .(K-A 
MoKanzia 7S CQRacMIniannBtarar}. 

SJCo<*kHKhAitJ«rmafi 21 

HnrbtfMhnsnainencpnbRachamann— 5 

P N Kkstan bFauUmr - 10 

RGPoaocfcnotQut-- ■■ 86 

*CEBHcaerexonbRackainam— 60 

K A McKW ala e Aldarroan b Rackam an n-_ 1 10 

QSIa RouxoRbtnnhR»elMiTi»nn 13 

m VJMwlMgnunit - - ; . o 

HAPawi^wbAUamiMi— ; 2 

CJ van ZyfcRtamb AManmn _______ 2 

Bar«« fft-17, nAa, 22 



FXu. OF WICKETS: 1-25, 2-31, 340, 4-204, 
,5-207. 6-242.7-242, §-&,+-&*. 10-305. 
BOvAiNd: ttaekaiinrii'’ Sttl-tf-IOT-A; Mdar- 
. nt4m37-6-f16-4rF*ufcnar19d-65'1 . 

AUSTRAUAK& Rrtt Imiogt 287 (S M SnSth 
113;C Jvanzyl41ar83) 




Tt J Hiighaa $ .fqrirdngrb la Roux . 

. C G Raokamaim b FBcO. 

TM AkSMTTMftc JannlnpsbPiga 

P I FatfkneroFomaflptfBnbRIca. 

•Shippeiid lost his off stump to te' tSJ RtonbP aga. 

Roux. Next bell Hughes^who went 
.i-I first ball in the first innings, was 
caught at the. wicket. Taylor pushed 
. ..^tentatively forward to the following 
C fit' rclball and wis leg before. 

t r Rice, brought himself on at the 

UoogcJanninaab Paga. 
OTMlb-E. Fb^.rvb.1) 

Total Q- 

FALL OP WICKETS: 1-24. 2-29, 3-2S. 4-29. 
_ *i ffl t IB. T M. 1 fifl. fl Bt. IP fit 

- V.- H f »'«n jiliofira’ wd and YaDop played on to BOWUNa la Roux 7-2-H-3: van Zyi M-iM; 
, his first balk TJjis too wus a hat-trick Papa 7.44-19-3; 6-24-3. 


India’s timing all wrong 

" Sydney (Renter) - Ksjnl Dev, die 
‘ » Indian ■ captain, • issued severe 
. criticism of his baumen for failing 
; io chase runs after Australia’s 100- 
.nuu; victory in the World Series 
..Cup matrii here yesterday. 

^The nm rate is unpculanr - we 
all knew that, but our batsmen just 
didn’t go for ft,” said Kapil Dev, 

- who pur Australia in. "They pot' the 

- shutters up after 1 got but" 

Gavaskar . e n d ed the Indian 
: innings iiaiy»B on 92. hi* h i g hes t 
one-day score for his country. Bm 
he batted for 198 niinutes and. did 
.not endear hinudf with the oowd 

; Australia had earlier' hit- their 
.^highest total in the World Series 
Cup - 292 for six. The innings was . 
dominated by Geoff Marsh, who hit 
.-•125 from J45 balls. 

Marsh pat on 152 for the first 
wicket with Boon and a whirlwind 
12] in 67 minutes for the second 
' with Border, who scored 52 off only 
.• 42 balls. 

G R Marsh c Azlwmddki b Bhaima . 
DCBaoncAnamatbbSbiatif — 
*AR Borov c SrftkaHti bStema . 
tW B PbHneKapll Ow b Sharma . 

,fl M Ritcftiiimi out - 


C JMcOwmott run out - 
GR J Uattfwwanotout. 

extras fl-bS.n-M). 


- 83 

- 52 

- 7 

- 1 
_ S 
- 2 
_ 1 
_ IS 

TOW (6 wM». GO Omrt) 292 

B A Rakt. DR GGwt sntfBP DnWdM not bat. 
FALL OF WK3KETB: 1-152, 2-273, 3-28Z, 
4-283; 6-383, 8-286.. 

BOWUMG: KuB Dav 10O6WL Onhy 7-0-48- 
0; Sharma 9-061-3; An*m»fc • 1M-3&0: 
Stwatd 10-0-42-1; Starwnatoithoan 4-0-2&0. 

K SraOcantfi cBordar b Pavia — 20 

SMGavaokvnmcwt 82 

MBAmamxBicUatthawabGBMrt . 18 

AMamotrmcMaahavnbGlfcoft — . 5 

"Kapil Pw c UeOarmoti b Matttwws 28 

M Azharuddln notoitt 17 

Ex8»e4tf,w2.ivM} 14 

Total (4wkts. 50 nan) 
R J Shram, R M H ” 


BJrxiy, Ik S Mom, L 

Stwtranwkriahnan and Chatin Sharma efid not 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-31, 2-74, 3-63.4-158. 
BOWLING. McDermott 9-0-27-0; Davis 7-0-30- 
1; R«« TO-tMWfc Gllwt IIWMS-a Matttwwa 
10-849-1: Waugh 3-0-10-0; Maraft 1-0-4-0. 

Didier Bonvet shows the style that captures special slaloms 

Bouvet’s French declaration 

Parpari. Switzerland (AFP) -- 
Didier . Bouvet, a 24-year-old 
customs officer, became tie first 
Fre n c hm a n for 13 <years'to win a 
World Cup alpine skiing race when 
he triumphed in a special slalom 

Bouvet, bronze medallist at the 

1984 Sarajevo Olympics, finished to Bouvet. ' 
with a combined time .of lmin T1 ’- 
33.03 secs in winning his first World 
Cup Slalom. Ingemar Stenmark, of 
Sweden, clocked 133.54 for second 
and Switzerland's Thomas Bungler 
had his' best result in slalom with 
third place in : l:33.-71. . 

- Fiaul Fro mm eh of Lichtenstein, 
who won his first race for five year* 
in ifie Kitzbuhel slalom in Austria 
on Sunday, appeared 10 be heading 
for his second straight win after 
setting the fastest time by far on the 
first run. But when be fell the 
second lime down the way was open 

LEADING P LACINGS: 1. D Bouvet (Ffl 1 mm 

33X2 rac; Z I SWimarti |Sn) 12SX4; 3. T 
1; 4» J KuraK grug 

non (Swaj iatZZ 6. U 
; 7, D KoanMcNor (Austria) 
5 (HI 134X3: 9. M Bwltiotd 

wan his 80lb World Cup race in 
Italy last month, improved from 
sixth to finish second for the second 
race in a row. He was three 
hundredths of a second slower on 
the second run. 

Buarular (Swttz) 13371 
134.21; 5. J Msaon 
TenazD lit) 13431 
13439: 8. 1 EdWW . . 

(Austria) 13458; 10. P Ropangaiov (Bulgaria) 
134.83, R Zoler (Austria) 134.83; 12. J 
G«poz (Swttz) 13457; 13. O Totscri (in 
134.70; 14. H Pfutter (Austria) 134.74; IS. 0 
MougNIFr) 13450. 

(S «e) BSpts: 2, 1 Stanmaric (SwaL P Frommoft 
jLwaw^ a toteaj (Yug. al 80; 5. R Patrovfc 

Wknabamar (Austria). ISOpts; Z M GarsuMK 
(Lux), 1 ofi 3, 1 Stanmsrii (9wa). 1B2. 


British challenge for 
world championship 

From John Roberson, Perth 

It now seems there win be a 
British entry in the 12 metre world 

championship to be sailed " off 

Fremantle next month. In what w 
firaf ‘ sight -appears to be a 
philanthropic gesture, Chris Grif- 
fiths, an Engttsfrinan "• based - until " 
recently in Singapore, has person- 
ally sponsored tire British entry. 

However: Griffiths, a relative 
newcomer to international yachting, 
sees it a* another of the entreprenen- 
rlal activities in which he has been 
involved since he sold his sncoessfal 
marine construction company in 
Singapore. • 

The sponsorship is in the form of 
the . charter of the French-owned - 
yacht; Challenge. 12, which is 
currently on. loon to the New 
Z ea l a nd syndicate. The yacht will be 
renamed British Challenge far- tfre 
championships and the charter will 

The issue ronsed Abut Bond’s 
syndicate to threaten the Australian 
Yachting Federation y est e rday that 
they were prepared to take oat an 
injunction to prevent the release of 
.certificates on Australia II. which 
won the 1983 America's Cup, and 
Australia HL 

The- Royal Perth Club have 
recently received a telex from the 
International Yacht Racing Union In 
London informing them of a 1982 
resolution which allows yachts to 
keep their certificates confidential 
until they- have sailed their first 
major regatta. This applies to all bat 
four of the 16 entries. 

■ In die long-awaited race between 
the two West Australian America’s 
Cup defence, syndicates, one backed 
by. Kevin Paiiy and the other by 
Rond, Party’s Task' Force 87 

be for three weeks starting this gyodifcate m«. The race, between 
Saturday. ! Kookaburra and Kookaburra II, for 

In other America's Cap develop- , the Parry' syndlcagte and Australia 
meats the Royal Perth Yacht Clnbhi Hand Australia in for Alan Bond, 
considering steps to help syndicates 7 was won by Kobkabiirra.jrtecred by 
entering the warid'.chsmpiOBshjjH to - Laurie Smith; the skipper of the 
maintain thc coofidentiaifity of their British 1983 America's Cop cbal- 
measnrement certificates, and &?-■' lenger. and-wfth British Olympic 
tberto^see fjar this. -regard 1; yachtsman . ’David . Howlett . as 
between-tfow and the America’s Cup' ' ' tdttirian. 

37 entries for big race 

• ... • : / / By John Nicholls 

There could be as many as 37* In the next race be will face much, 
entries when' the- second. BOC_. differ.' competition from about a 
Challenge' single-handed' round the, dozen other maximum-sized boats, 
world face starts from Newport^ all capable of beating his previous 
Rhode island; on August 30. A total time. They wall be raring in. class I 
of 54 individuals from ■■ 12 countries': (50-60 feet 'overall), with a similar 
have expressed Jatidntorest 4n taking number of. entries in class 11 f4O-50 
part . but- for. some- Of them -time - is;. TeetJ. Twd women have entered, one 
now running out. v" .*.*■- . ' ->> of than, Nora Zebender-MuDer, is 
Of theinear . certain .'{aartiars, the already raring around the world in 
largest' group' of ehtriei is^from the Shadow of Switzerland in the 
United States, followed by France,. Whitbread fully -crewed race which 
Australia; and. Britain.' with four . finishes in May. 

probables. . Philippe Jeaniot, of 
France, winner of the previous race 
four years ago, has entered again in 
new. maximum size Credit 
Agricole. Last lime Jean tm had by 

Many of the European entries will 
probably reach the start by way of 
the Royal Western Yacht Club's 
double-handed Transatlantic race 

far the fitstest yacht and won easily.- from Plymouth to Newport, which elapsed time of 159 days. starts on June 8. 

Meeting the Queen is ultimate 

The mbde difference between the 
endurance sports of triathlon* and 
-triaquathans In the 'minds of some 
Australians «till grappling with the 
concept tf levitating fiw . the 
armchair received a tremendous- 
boost last weekend. 

Triathlon, tbe sport that condrines 
^swimming, cycling and nmtiiiag to 
masochistic lengths, was at alst 
pinioned te the back pages, albeit in 
the lurid letter* of notoriety- At a top 
» event i« Sydney on Sunday, the 

1 [whole thing degenerated into force 
, ffl las the first three finishers were 
1 1 'I'ji 1 * dfcqnaHfied for turning left at. the 
I «* . wrong spot 

“■'-rf Sim* two of them were America's 

5fi if ' 


Sue Mott 

renowned throughout . the world as 
the chaps. in bathers and swimming 
caps tied meekly under their chins. 
In 78 years they have made 300,000 
recorded rescues and in their spare 
time supply- their best athletes as 
fronnuo to pulverize each other in 
the surf-side competitions. . 

Bm not content with this wet 
gladiatnral combat, . .triamwrtinns 

competitors would have to stop at 
red lights.. 

foauTteAt^arefhmSimSiy fo C ? me ? It0 bcinfc otfe f in B 

Sydney. Thefronmen]had-for more 
sense and enjoyed a nice day by fee 

if “enji^zd” ajcqutdy de- traditional 10-nun ate .traumas event 



finest, Scott Molina and the world 

champion. Mark Afien, embazntss- 
ment was rfie but the foct they both 
finished IS- of the . 

‘ : foarth placed man was a doe. that 
. their inadvertent . wrong tarn .bad 
sarad them i mDe of pounding the 
^ - halting hot httemezu . . 

The orgaaizers, however, were not 
\* .sparedaSBsterfngxflteckoaci gOBlc ; 
..'istfSdtKj nd dangareos caurse- 
" - setting. To begfo with, the cempeti- 
“ ' fora phtngKl into toe amrkyfah 
deptiat of Syiaey harixmr for the 
» mvfm leg, desperately trying » 

■ s restrict liquid Intake and avoid any 

'Vbnqpy white sharks that' might 

- happen by. . -f 

And the- cycle vres: a fitadkh . 

• ■-''lottery fofiol' twins, htEband.tfaffic 
emnfog in foe opposite direction. 

scribes the rigbnrs of pitch jag into a 
Earing surf to .swim, paddle board 
and ald-snrf with catf-wranchlng 

gritohtht s a nd hi h t y w a . 

Thhh die Irnaman event. A apart 
peculiar to the country that makes a 
habtt of tare and strange' wOdfifo. 
fatummq blond hnfoltfa of the 
bearimt -always daahhqc to the 
rescue of swimmers In (Bsttoas, ' 
Strange thoegh they are, .tie 
Ir o raaen are a totally logical breed to 
tbc awed af 
all beg an In 1902 when a newspaper 
effiv, WmfauB Cocher,- decided to 
st or m tiw BestiUe of pradery font 
1 m h im« I sunbathing M AnMillqi 1 
beaches in dayflgkt. Baring arms, as 
ft were, on die sands of New Sooth 
Wales he succeeded in mltashtaf a . 

pasitibn’llnr foe water’s edge tut 
remains g^.amlflatcd'fbM opt 
aecestaiily mtpoIWedl. today. 

This, ‘ however, wousht one 
cabunitoiis '• aide-eHiect. People 

in ton gruelling two boors. 

The current undisputed king of 
triaqnathaa Is 21-year-old Guy. 
Leech, wbo once spent £40 in a pizza 
shop before a race “car bo-stacking”, 
be explained. 

HI* celebrity' reached new hights 
this weekend when ft was revealed 
flat his name has been put forward . 
by the StSA of New-Sooth Wales as 
their representative • to meet the 
Queen during the royal tour of 
Australia this spring, if he can be 
persuaded to cot tr aining for a day.' 

His avowed latent, apart from the 
wish to aToid the trap pin gs, iff 
domesticity, is to win the National 
Xronnum Championship in Adelaide 
hi March. For some reason, winning 
this event would make, an the 
training jrorthvrldle io his eptulon. 
The 169 swimming laps, Laton- to- 
Loadoa’s worth of kayak paddling 
and an hour of the surf beard . . . au 

before breakfast 

"’Uckfly fe 8 Mi5 a S^reliaaed an dnwraodL So the Anstralhn snrf jffif To retrospect, perhaps triathlon is 

theb earikT ftSrience that afi sariag assodatioa was formed, now the saner sporting occupation. 


Britain’s high 
medal hopes 

Britain's cyclo-cross squad leave 
for tbe world championships at 
Lem beck, Belgium, this weekend 
with high hopes of winning at least 
one modaL The senior amateurs, 
who finished second in the 
unofficial European challenge, are 
beaded by Robert Dane, who won a 
silver in the world junior champion- 
ships two years ago. 

TEAMS; Sartor AmsMune R Dana (Brack CO, 
S Barnes (Brook CCLD Bokor (Paragon RTJ, C 
Young (Paragon Hix NorHravaSng reawvas: 
T GoJ3 jcSiattrfWd CouriBrsL P Doran 
iMflMd CCl Jortonc S Marshall (VC UneainL 
S . Noble Bancraa Whm ara ). M Young 
(Bradford RCC), S Hsmpsal pwswiMd 

Courtws). Non-nmSlng reaww M Cnug (VC 

EDna). F iu tao ata nsfc S Oouca (T-Shirt Sa fas 
Ldsura Waar. CawrUJt). 


Bennett in 
to 200m 

By Pat Botcher 

Todd Bennett announced his 
transition from 400 to 200 metres 
running yesterday, and his first 
■'serious", excursion . ai the shorter 
.distance -will -be at 'the Peari 
Assurance national indoor cham- 
pionships at Cbsford this weekend. 

Benneu is coming to terms with 
the fact that he .may never get 
-significantly foster at 400m out- 
doors than he is indoors, where, 
ironically, be is the bolder of the 
world’s fastest time of 45.56scc. set 
; at tbe European championships in 
Athens last March. 

The due is in Beoneu'-s height. At 
5ft 7in, he can negotiate the tighter 
bends of indoor tracks much better 
than taller men. and. on past 
evidence, almost as fast as he can 
outdoors. As he admitted yesterday, 
the indoor season is really only a 
preparation for the summer’s major 
races. Yet last year he hardly 
improved on that indoor time. 

This year’s aim is the Common- 
wealth Games and European 
championships. Bennett said: “Ath- 
letics is all about winning medals, 
and I stand a better chance of doing 
so at 200 than 400m". 

The 200m is hardly unknown 
territory for Bennett. He is the 
English record holder, with 20.36 
sec in winning the UK closed 
championship two seasons ago. But, 
since he insists that that time and 
others dose to it have come without 
serious training for the distance. 
Bennett hopes that he may finally 
find his sporting niche. 

He does not quite have the ran$c 
of Daley Thompson. But this 
Proteus of sorts began athletics at 
16, seven years ago as a steeplechas- 
er. and he has also had trials with 
Portsmouth FC. 

Bennett's event should be one of 
the best competitions of the 
championship, since he meets Ade 
Male, the Europan junior champion 
at 200m. They have had three of the 
tightest possible matches over 200m 
at Cosford in the last two years, and 
Mafc leads 2-1. The three major 
draws of an event, -which the 
organisers claim with some jusiifi- 
iion is the best championship in 
Europe, will be Sebastian Coe at 
either 3.000m or 1,500m: Zola 
Budd, defending her 1,500m title; 
and Allan Wells in his first serious 
competition since getting injured at 
the Olympics 18 months ago. Wells 
runs in the 60m. 

Ashford back 

New York (AFP) - Evelyn 
Ashford, the world 100 metres 
record holder and Los Angeles 
Olympic gold medallist, will run 55 
yards against Alice Brown and 
Merlene Ottey-Page indoors at East 
Rutherford, New Jersey, on 
February 8. She has not competed 
for 18 months because of the birth 
of a daughter. 


Kick-Off 730 unless Mated 
Milk Cup, fifth round 
Aston Villa v Arsenal 
Oxford v Portsmouth 
QPR v Chelsea 

Freight Hover Trophy 
Northom section 
Chester v Wigan 
Southern section 
Derby vBflBngham 
Wolverhampton, v Torquay 

CBITRAL LEAGUE Oral ««*Wwt: Barral** v 
Manama* Unte d: Bte temi R awre y 

ffiterfWS rw=&! am£ USE 

AWok Doncaster Rovers v Preston Norm 
End(7.tft Grimsby To wny ScunSterpe Unted. 

BUSH LEMUE: Drutedara v ObtSary (BJA 

UAUXhSl£ct& LEAaJS; S aeand (Milan. 

^^^ P eSS7 ! CC^ ! ^LEAaUE Braes 
Raven v CedW City (2.Q. 

KENT SENIOR CUP: Second round: Weeing 
liniwd v FWiar Athletic. 


CLUB MATCHES: AtnrtOtonr v P enenh (7.0): 
Cross Km v Pontypridd (75). REPRESENTA- 
TIVE MATCH Cambrtdge University v RAF. 
HOSPITALS Cite: Flat rand JZXft: King's 
Cofega v St BanhoksnstVs (Guy's ground. 
Honor Otic Perk); St George's v London 
(Cobh ini). 


Fear Bractowfl Ptraws v Hanoi & Watford 
Royals (BJBn London Doddandt C Paiace v 
Portsmouth F. 
v Team 
Ty ft*a*)a v 
Been Wo» 



nsr OMSIOte KaUfox V VMne* (at HaBex 



Barrow » Wbrtdnton; Roehoale ® Shatflafd 
tegiee (7-46). 


SOUASH RACKETS; Blue Stretoa BrWeh U23 
Cpen i Oasis Chib, Marlow) 

British interest may 
be in who drops 
into second division 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 
The BASF European Cup conipc- land) and Libor Pimck (Czeckoslo- 
kf? n ' - “ ie - aien " s ; fodoor team vakia). who are rankd from 25fo to 
championship, which . begins at 34th in the world. Britain's place in 
noon today and ends on Sunday, is. the first division is precarious and 
tnc first indoor event- of its rather this week their task is particularly 
ambiguous status to be contested at formidable. John Lloyd has not 
Queen s Club, West Kensington, competed in this event’ since 197S. 
ll nc ?«T e SUU< 1 °!d place was given a Cc'in Dowdeswel) (his Davis Cup 


This tournament is usually 
contested by players who are on the 
way up or tbe way down or. are not 
going anywhere in particular. Its 
promotion has always been a 
challenge and this year’s orgaaizers 

partner) hardly needs the experience 
and Stephen Shaw and Stuart Bale 
are imjured. 

Jeremy Bates and Nick Fulwood 
will probably have to assume all the 
responsibility in singles and doub- 
les. David Frigate, who had his 

have no idea how many of the 1968 appendix out in November, may be 

CMfc Unll L. ■ -i»* t .. . « ... ' - J 

reals will be needed. Tickets cost 
from £3 to £5. 

called on for a doubles and Jason 
Goodall has been attached to the 

•.Two yrara ago what used to be the side so that he can catch tbe flavour 
lungs Cup competition, so called 
because King Gustav V or Sweden 
donated lhe original trophy, was 
condensed into one week. The 1984 
and 1985 events had only modest 
financial backing but the first 
division programme was well 
organized and often attracted 

of senior international team compe- 

This afternoon Switzerland play 
Italy, who earned promotion last 
year, and this evening Britain 
oppose West Germany. The Ger- 
man No I will be Michael Wesiphal. 
who played in- last month's Davis 

ktinnura. T fWl I -* " UWTW Ul- IUL 1JIUULU a Uti*ia 

m spectaWrs Cup final against Sweden and has 

to aspens stadium at Essen. again been preferred to the more 

.S*” WlU ^ highly rankd Hanyorg Schwaire. 
diffitmft to m^chbrn foe support °f who ^ primarily^ shale-coun 

^ heraical Player. Czeckoslovakia are the other 

company, has enabled the European I^un in Briiain's group. 
Tennis Association 10 offer prize- ^ v 

money for the first lime. About 
£138,000 will be at stake 

in a 

competition played in four div- 
isions. each consisting of six teams. 
The second division played at 
Helsinki, the third at Bordeaux and 
the fourth at Bergen. 

The most prominent players in 
action at Queen’s Club will be jjan 
Gunnarssdn and Peter "Lundgren 
(Sweden), Jacob Hlasek (Swiuer- 

Ties consist of two singles and a 
doubles. The six teams in groups of 
three on an ajl-plny-all basis, the 
group winners advancing to Satur- 
day afternoon's contest for the 
championship, which is held by 
Sweden. Britain may have a more 
active interest in the fact that the 
least successful team in each group 
will meet on Sunday morning to 
decide who goes down to the second 

Age no barrier for 
Croft and Lloyd 

By Rex 

Annabel Croft and John Lloyd 
lead lhe British rankings, which 
wrre announced yesterday. Miss 
Croft, aged 19. replaces Jo Durie at 
the lop and is the youngest British 
No 1 since Christine Truman in 
1958. Lloyd, aged 31. retains Cm 
place and is the oldest player to lead 
ihe men’s list since Mark Cox in 
1977. The world rankings suggest 
that. 10 nations have a better 
women's No I and 1 1 nations have 
a better men’s No 1. 

Britain’s national champions. 
Anne Hobbs and Jeremy Bates, are 
ranked third and second 
respectively. The British ranking 
committees have copied the com- 
puted world rankings issued by the 
international players' associations, 
at the end of 1985. The only 
exception occurs in the men's list, in 
which Leighton Alfred is listed 
above Jason Goodall. This slight 
discrepancy arises because points 
gained by Goodall in December 
1984 were included in the 1985 
rankings of the Association of 
Tennis Professionals but have been 
discarded by the Lawn Tennis 
Association. The ATP rankings 
suggest that there are more than 400 
players better than either Alfred or 
Goodall. so the difference between 
them is academic. 

The women's list has been 
extended from 12 to 18. and the 
men's list from 12 to 14. The most 
highly ranked newcomer to either 
list is Joanne Louis, aged 18. at No 
9. Other than Miss Croft’s rapid rise 
from eighteenth to first in three 
years, the most obvious advances 
have been made by Nick Fulwood. 


who jumps five places, and Sally 
Reeves, who jumps four. 

Retirement from top competition 
has taken three familiar names out 
of the lists: John Feavcr. ranked for 
13 consecutive years, and Susan 
Barker and Richard Lewis, both 
ranked for 12 consecutive years. 
Among the players still listed, those 
with most consecutive rankings are 
Virginia Wade (23} and Jonathan 
Smith (12). 

Moet And Chandon. the cham- 
pagne company, have made solid 
and liquid awards to Miss Croft and 
Lloyd and are also providing grants 
towards travelling expenses of 
players in three categories. Sara 
Gomer and Bates receive £1.000 
each for making the biggest advance 
in the world' rankings. Belinda 
Borneo and Stephen Botficld 
receive £400 each for ’’industry and 
etTon" at a lower level, and Anne 
Simpkin and Nick Jones receive 
£350 each for "attitude, results and 
commitment” in the 18 and under 
age group. • 

MEN (last yaaFs rankings in brackatsk 1 fl) J 
Lloyd (Eenrt 2 (4) J Batss (Surrvy): 3 (21 5 
Straw (Middtasax). 4 (6) S Bate (Mkkllasa*): 5 
(3) C Dowdaswa* (Swrayk B 111) N Fi4wood 
(Darbys Wra): 7(5)1 Smltfi (Devon); 8 (9) L 
Allow (Wriaoj, 9 (10) J Good ell (YoAeNral: 10 
(-) R Drysuata (Essex): 11 n2j D Petgaia 
(Esaracj. 12 (13) Wifltar (W*Je*fc 13 (-) R 
WhSctwflo (Kant): 14 (-) M Btncow 

(North amptonshtra). 

WOMEN: 1 (4) A' Grail (Karri): 2 (1) J tXjrw 
(Avon): 3 (ft A Hobbs (Cheshire). 4 <&& Comer 
(Devon); 5 0} V Wada (Kant); 6 (5) A Brown 
(Mart md); 7 (11) 3 Raevea (Kant): 8 (B) R Eny 
(Middlesex): 9 (•) J Lout (Devon): 10 (7) J 
Salmon (Sussex); 11 (.) L Gracia (Lancashire). 
12 (•) L Pennington (Leicester): 13 (-) J Wood 
(MiddJes«*K 14 (101 K Brasher (Surrey): 15 (■) C 
Wood (Sussex!; 16 (-) J Tacon (Norfolk); 17 (-) 
S Max (Scotland); 18 (-) B Borneo 
(Badto raW ra) 

The lone ranger fights injustice 

Doyle and 
up against 
the odds 

Toay Doyle, the British lone 
ranger of Continental indoor six-day 
racing, started the recent Bremen 
Six nidi a few scores to settle. One 
week earlier on the final night of the 
Cologne event. Doyle and his 
Australian partner, Danny Clark, 
came op against the "combine ". 

Doyle explained: “We were by far 
the strongest team on the track. The 
promoters were trying to get a home 
win and trying to influence the end 
result It's blatant. I am not trying to 
deny the EacL because the public and 
Press saw what happened.’' Team 
tactics prevailed against them and 
the} 1 finished third after racing 
around 1,000 miles at over 30 mph. 

Such is the life of Doyle smoothly 
pedalling his bike around Europe’s 
steeply banked wooden tracks, the 
shape of a squashed cereal bowl. 
Doyle had scored his fourth six-day 
win at Maastricht wiith Clark just 
before Christmas. With a lap 
distance at Maastricht of only 160 
metres, riders take less than four 
seconds at full speed, down the short 
straight before rocketing round the 
52 degree bankings to lap Inside 10 
seconds. Newcomers to the elite 
circle of six-day riders nsnalty suffer 
a form of sea-sickness for the first 
couple of days. 

What tempted tbe quiet spoken 
Doyle into this masochistic way of 
life which through 00 1 this winter 
will have taken him to the tracks in 
Berlin, Dortmund, Munich, Paris, 
Ghent, Zurich, Maastricht, 
Cologne. Bremen. StutgarL Rotter- 
dam and Copenhagen? Simply: 
money and a lore for his favourite 
sport, cycling. 

The two are very evident His 
home, near Woking, is a smart 
detached house beloved by young 
executives. On the drive a VW Golf 
and the “company" Sierra (In this 
case his sponsor's vehicle). Now 
riding for Ever Ready/ Am mocco, he 
admits to an income similar to that 
of a first division footballer. Bat the 
expenses do not bear comparison. 

To compete on the six-day circuit 
be has to pay all travel and 
subsistence, not only for himself hot 
also his back -op crew of mechanic, 
mass rax and “runner'" (the Man 
Friday of the team). And for the 
world pursuit championship he 
purchased s pair of special disc 
wheels, at a cost of £3,008. 

Racing takes up 160 days a year 
and training nearly all of the 
remaining 205. Even bus holidays - 
cross-country skiing - are pro- 
grammed to clear bis lungs of the 
fug from the dgar smoking 
spectators who pock the stadiums 
until tbe early boms of the morning. 

Doyle: hard life 

When he is not racing, a typical 
day’s training consists of a fast 60 
miles on his road bike, 15 minutes 
on Ihe static rollers at borne, a two 
hour session in the afternoon on the 
Heme Hill track - and then another 
30 miles on the road In the evening. 

Does he ever. feel like not- going 
out? ‘"Sometimes you. woke up. look 
out. it’s grey and miserable, arid 
think IH forget it today. Then you 
lie in bed for five minutes and you 
know you can’t do It because my 
rivals, my competitors are out there 
training. And that’s what drives you 

It is this dedication that has 
carried Doyle along from a 15-year- 
old riding ' with a local club, to 
national amateur pursuit champion 
1977. 78 and 79. Turning pro- 
fessional in 1980 he immediately 
won the world’s professional tide. 
With two silver medals since (hen. 
he is determined to win the title 

Now established as a six-day 
“star", and a useful performer in the 
British professional road scene, 
Doyle lacks a regular partner in the 
12 two man teams that moke up each 
event. This year I’ve been the most 
consistent of all, but because 1 have 
had different partners, it’s hindering 
my chances. But it’s the promoter 
that has the final say. 

With no permanent . indoor track 
in the United Kingdom 'and no 
British six-day, the chances of 
Doyle obtaining a suitable British 
partner are now remote. For Doyle it 
has been a six year apprenticeship 
and now be is at the fop of a sport 
which began at Agricultural Hall in 
London in 1878. ft was then that a 
David Stanton won 1 £100 wager by 
pedalling his “pennjfortkmg’ r 1,000 
miles virtually non-stop inside six 

Today the six-day spectacle of 
sprints, motor paced raced and long 
chases to gate laps on your rivals is 
for removed from, the anginal non- 
stop dirge by solo riders. And it has 
taken 108 years for the best British ■ 
six-day rider to emerge. 

David Duffield 

Threat to 
bout against 

By Srikumar Sen 
Boxing Correspondent 

Two leading black anti -apartheid 
organisations, the Black British 
.Conference against Apartheid and 
the Samh . African Non-Ra trial. 
Olympic Committee, launched a 
campaign yesterday to stop Frank 
Bruno. Britain's world ranked 
heavyweight, from meeting Genie 
Coetzee. of South Africa, in a world 
title liminator at Wembley -on-' 
March 4.- 

The group, under the chairman- 
ship of Paul Stevenson, a former 
Sports Council delegate, have sent a 
statement 10 the Prime Minister. ‘ 
Margaret Thatcher and the Minister 
for Sport, Richard Tracey, and 
written an open letter to Bruno. 

The group, claiming that the 
contest is in violation of the 
Gleneagles Agreement, asked Mrs . 
Thatcher to intervene and “abort” 
the contest by not granting Coetzee 
an entry permit. ‘We appeal to the 
Prime Minister to place the interest 
or British sport above the narrow 
interests of the apartheid lobby”, the 
statement said. 

Referring to Coetzec’s statements 
against apartheid, the . appeal 
maintained “the President of South 
Africa and many government 
members have also stated that they 
arc against apartheid. But apartheid ' 

The letter to Bruno apologizes for - 
the open letter which had to be 
written because “we have made ■ 
several attempts to contact you but 
we have so far foiled." After 
pointing out the bout will be used 
for propaganda purposes by the 
South African Government the 
letter makes a passionate appeal 
“not to throw” mud in the faces of 
all opponents of apartheid.” 

The group, who have the support 
of |he Supreme Council for Sport in . 
Africa and the National Olympic 
Committees of Africa, aim to seek 
the'support of trades unions to keep 
the contest off television screens, 
and sportsmen and black council- - 
lore to . bring pressure on the 
Government and the organisers of 
the contest. John Cornell, the 
former world light-heavyweight 
champion, has joined them and will * 
be appearing on TV AM today. 

A test of 

By Srikmnar Sen 

After 14 months of inaction 
because of an operation on his left 
elbow Tony Sibson returns to the 
ring at Alexandra Pavilion, north 
London, today 10 prove that he still 
has an appetite for the game. 

He takes on a veteran Mexican 
■with the - sonorous name of Juan 
Manuel Elizondo, who after '15 
years of campaigning may not have 
much more left than his name. He is 
ihe Mexican middleweight cham- 
pi.-i. which does not mean the same 
as being Mexican flyweight cham- 

K ion. but a Mexican fighter is a 
lexican fighter. Having survived in 
the game -for 15 years let us hope 
that he will be around long enough - 
to enable us 10 gauge how much 
Sibson has still to give. 

The former British. European and 
.Commonwealth champion, cer- 
-laitilj looked in good shape at the St 
Pancras gym the other day, laughing 
about how he kidded and tapped his 
way to a win over Mark Kaylor and ' 
growing angry at the thought of 
having to give Hcrol Graham a “pay 
day”. He said he was ready to win 
back the European title that he had 
to relinquish because of his elbow 
trouble. „ 

The' rrsi of 14 months can only 
have done Sibson a world of good, 
for at Lhe time he met Kayior last 
season, he looked jaded and tired. 
He did not seem to have recovered • 
from those traumatic defeats by 
Marvin Hagler and Don Lee. The 
snap was missing from. thc_ hook 
that demolished Lucas, Minler and 
Collins. Did it have something 10 do 
with his elbow trouble? Was that 
why the blow sailed harmlessly past 
open jaws? Or was he ready for the 
armchair and the allotment? We 
should find out tonight. 

If the hook is working Elizondo 
should not be around for longer 
than four or five rounds, for the 
Mexican w-ho has had eight defeats 
in 44 contests, does not seem 'to 
have 100 good a chin, having been ■ 
knocked out by LaRocca in 72 
seconds. Obed ih 10 rounds. Seales 
in lwo rounds and McIntyre in four. 

It will, be disappointing if Sibson 
docs not see him off inside the 

At the lop of the bill. Terry Marsh 
makes his first defence against a 
Zaire -bom Frenchman, with a name 
to .be uttered to the sound of 
castanets. Tusikoleta NkaJankctc. . 
Well, the Basildon fireman who 
enters the ring with one great leap 
over the ropes from the apron, 
should lead him a dance. Marsh 
should prove too nimble for the 
aggressive NkaJankeie. 

The challenger, who has had 21 
bouts, lost six times and never been 
stopped, should finish on. his feet 
For Marsh, who likes chess and 
marathon running, does not have a 
knockout punch. If he should slop 
him be would have done better than 
the World Boxing Association No I, 
Patrizio Oliva, of Italy, who beat 
Nkalankete on points. 

Marsh has been offered a contest 
with the former triple world 
champion. .Alex Aiguello, who has 
just resumed boxing after a break of 
two year. The offer to meet the 
former w'orld featherweight, junior 
lightweight and lightweight cham- 
pion has come from L'S television 
and the date scheduled is April 3. 

• Duke McKenzie, the British 
flyweight champion from Crovdon, 
has been named as the official 
challenger for Charlie Magri's 
European title. 


CAHNOORM: (Jppar run* Rim eompMs - 
wire snow covar. new snow on a Item mm. 
MMdls runs, torn tiopas: Runt eKapfajj. 
now anew on 1 firm bm. VortcaJ iu* I^JSuu 
taM. Hi* road*: Cfaar. Main roam Cfaw. 

lavst 2D0 <Ml 

QLENSHE& Uspar run*; RtM cqrnp>»l» - 
wfdt enow cow. new mow on a wm baaa- 
Lower slows: Amp* ntrswy arras, now mow 
on a linn DBS*. Vortfcal runs: 1,000 OwL HH 
roaoc Clear. Main roads: Qw. Snow tent 
1.500 feat _ 

GLENCOE (wee H ands only): Upper nets: Run* 
complete. -new snow on ■ firm bt*4- UWW. 
staper Raw eonwlate, Out ntnow new mow. 
Vertical runs 1,505 to*. H* roads: dear. Main 
rasdKCtoar. Snow tevek 1500 feet. 

LECHT: Upper runs. mkJdfa raw Run* 
campiets. wide enow cover, hand-pedied *nOW 
■Aft toy patches. Lower dopes; Ampte 
areas, hard-p****! WOw wWl Sw pJHEha*. • 
VSrtlCSi mns- 7G0 last H« roads: Cteer. Main 
roses- Dear. Sncw levet 2.000 feet. 





Brown fired 
up and 
impatient for 


v By Mitchell Platts 

Brawn moves back 
wn«m rt the Phoenix Open. Marring 
_ —A? ?™* Wnnaiow. with the 
c an ™ belief that he has served his 
atforemiceship on die US PGA tour. 
. "One day I'm coins to 

b«it the blighters. Tm prepared to 
|“*P joins on til I fed that I real! 
“WB'Wiitjny best shot and that . 
cant do it. But I don’t feel itwfll 
ever got to that stage." 

Brown, aged 29, from Harpenden, 
oas Won only four European tour 
e vents in an 1 1 -year professional 
career' bat he has unquestionably 
sharpened his pine by competing in 

Even so it has been an expensive 
yenlure as be ha s passed up 
increasingly rich pickings in Europe 
to dure airways with Tom Watson 
and company. 

“If* not been a great money- 

spumer as Tve earned only S 1 00,000 

in two seasons and my expense s are 
enormous with all the trav elling 
involved”, he adds. "But I’ve played 
m 35 American events now and I 
know some of the courses. 

“When 1 won my players' card in 
1983 I knew that I. had to take a 
long-term view; It would be stupid 
to go out on that tour and think iim 
it could all happen overnight. You 
have to be patient and learn the 

“What I do need this time is a 
quicker start The last two seasons 
I've put myself under p r e s s u re by 
Ikiling to establish a high position 
on the money list early on. 
Consequently I've been struggling 
to retain my exempt status.” 

Brown undoubtedly paid the 
penalty of making too many 
tra n sa tl antic trips although his form 
in Europe last year (be won the 
Four Stars pro-celebrity tournament 
at Moor Park) enabled him to retain 
his Ryder Cup status. 

He says: “With no Ryder Cup 
this year I can concentrate more on 
America which means that I win 
probably (day only six tournaments 
in Europe. That could change if I 
won over there early on. It would 
not only get me into the US Masters 
but h would mean that I bad an 
automatic exempt status for a 
couple of years." 

Brown retains the conventional 
ambition of wanting to win the 
Open championship but his im- 
mediate goal is to strike success in 
the United States 

“I took advantage of the milder 
weather". Brown explained. "I fed 
that I’ve made headway by 
adjusting friy set-up and making my 
backswing 'longer. I seem to be 
hitting the ball higher which will 
suit the American courses. 

“Pm ready for action and eager to 
do something. I might need the 
Phoenix Open to get back into 
competitive shape but I honestly 
believe I can challenge for the AT 
and T national pro-am the next 


Hard match for 
St Albans 

St Albans, the holders, fitce a hard 
match against East Grinstead in the 
quarter finals of ibe Royal Bank 
National Indoor Club champion- 
ship, the draw for which was 
announced yesterday (Sydney Fris- 
ian writes). The quarter finals, semi- 
finals and the final will be played at 
the Michael Sobdl Sports Centre, 
Islington, on February 28. 

Tulse Hill, winners in 1983, whb 
survived a difficult qualifying round 
at Pickens Lodq have been drawn 
against Stourport- In the bottom 
half of the draw Firebrands, of 
Bristol, who came through the. 
qualifying rounds at the expense of 
Beckenham. Bromley and Black- 
hcath. will meet Welton (Humber-, 
side) the only northern survivors. 
Bournville.. from the Midlands, 
meet Southgate who have never 
won the title. 

DRAW: Tuba HR v Stourport Eas Grinstead v 
St Mans; R n twnd a v Watton; BaunwBs v 



Douglas carries 
British hopes 

Desmond Douglas, the England 
No 1 . is Britain’s sole representative 
in the European top 12 table tennis 
championships in Sodcrtajje, Swe- 
den from January 31 to Februsuy 2. 

Douglas may be joined bv Cart 
Prcan..the England No 2. 

ROWING: Mike Baldwin, who 
followed a relatively undistin- 
guished Career as an oarsman with 
Oxford University and London 
Rowing Coab by becoming an 
international -class umpire, is the 
new chairman of the race committee 
for the national championships of 
Great Britain at Nottingham from 
July 18 to 20. 

By Mandarin 
{Michael Phillips) 
Preben Fur looks to have a 
much better chance of winning 
the Coot Handicap Chase at 
Newcastle this afternoon now 
that the weights have risen 121b 
overnight and he is my nap. 
Top weight will now be 
shouldered by the Divider, who 
has won twice over today's 
course and distance already this 
season. On one of those 
occasions he managed to give 
91b and a half-length beating to 
Durham .Edition, who has won 
three times subsequently. 

It was Durham Edition 
whom Preben Fur beat by four 
lengths at Kelso on. December 
20 when he was gening 61b from 
him, so The Divider should 
find the task of giving J9Ib to 
Preben Fur beyond him this 
afternoon especially as both 
today’s distance of two and a 
half miles and the soft ground 
will be ideal for my nap. 

On a line through Durham 
Edition neither Carpenter's 
Way nor Binge should beat 
Preben Fur, but one must be 
wary of Tudor Folly, especially 
as his trainer Arthur Stephen- 
son had no' IfeWer than five to 
choose from after the four-day 
declaration stage. As Villiers- 
town, Durham Edition, Spring 
Chancellor and Stand Back 
were the others from which he 
could make that choice I find 
his final decision interesting. 

Good record though Tudor 
Folly has at Gosforth Park, he 
still has it all to do on this 
occasion if he is to give as much 
as 151b to Preben Fur. This 
season bis form has been 
nothing to write home about 
whereas Preben Fur has been 
getting - steadily better and 

Gordon Richards, the trainer 

Smart Reply, who makes his debut over fences at Wolverhampton today (3.15) 

Halmajor, who has clearly been 
given plenty of lime by. Toby 
Balding to acclimatize to life in 
this country having spent his 
formative days Flat racing with 
some success in Norway. 

Amazingly, considering our 
winter weather, the ground of 
the steeplechase course at 

Wharton has Tom Sharp 
on course for Champion 

By Michael Seely 

to inquiry 

By Phil McL enn a n 

One of the most controrenfad 
Roles of Baring is to be amended by 
the Jockey Qnb In time for tfie start 
or the' 1986 Fbtt season on March 
20. The part of role 153 which deals 
frith cases of accidental interference 
at the finish of t race has been 
altered so that the benefit of doubt 
will no huger automatically be given 
to the hone which suffered the 
interference. Each case wBl Instead 
be judged on the probability of the 
outcome if the Interference had not 
taken place. 

Inst year die results of 51 races 
were .altered as a result of inquiries 
into accidental interference but the 
figure should be greatly reduced fids 
year by this amendment .which the 
Jockey Club stewards have made la 
ata attempt to give local stewards 
greater freedom of interpretation, 

A good example of the problems 
.created .by the warding of the old 
nlle came at York last August when 
Sbardari was disqualified from first 
place in the Great Vnhlgevr Stakes 
after being adjudged to have 
accidentally Interfered with the 
ranner-on. Damister. 

Most racegoers felt that the result 
was not affected by a collision 
between the two horses 50 yards 
-from the winning post, hot York 
stewards were more obliged, under 
the old rating, to demote Sbardari. 
Given the same set of draunstajices 
in after March 20 tbb year, it 
seems probable that the first past 
the post will be allowed to keep the 

of Preben Fur, is also hopeful of Wolverhampton was still de- 
winning the Teal Novices’ L 
Chase with Tullamarine. Here I 
prefer, both Miss Rubbish, and 
The Builder. Miss Rubbish beat 
Tullamarine by 10 lengths over 
today’s course and distance in 
December. Afterwards she was 
beaten half that distance by the 
Builder at Kelso. To me all that 
adds up to The Builder still 
managing to retain the upper 
hand this afternoon. 

At Wolverhampton there 
should be a whole 
punters queuing up 

scribed yesterday as bring good 
to firm. This will suit Foggy 
Buoy, my selection for the 
Compton Handicap Chase. 

Lord Ronaldsay’s consistent 
12-year-old was beaten into 
fourth place at Kelso last time 
out in the race won by Preben 
Fur. .He will have found both 
the distance too for and the 
ground too soft that day. Earlier 
in the season his form over 
today’s distance and on this son 
host of °f ground would give him a 
to back g°<xi chance of regaining the 

Tom Sharp- winner of -the 1984 
Cesarewilch and undefeated in two 
handicap hurdles this season, is to 
be re-routed from the Schweppes 
Gold Trophy and is to lake bn See 
You Then, and Corporal dinger in 

There werc’no major surprises at 
the four-day stage of acceptors for 
Saturday’s racing. Rbyme’n ‘Rea- 
son, and Dnunadowney were two of 
the 11 accepton for the Holsten 
Distributors Chase, for which Dawn 

the Waterford Crystal Champion . Run, the Gold Cup favourite is sure . 

Halmajor to win the Bouingdale winning trail. 

Conditional Jockeys’ Novices’ Finally, anyone who watched 
Hurdle following that excellent African Star win over today’s 
last run at Ascot where he was course and distance 10 days ago 
beaten only a head and the will not want to look elsewhere 

same distance by Tickite Boo 
and Singlecote. 

While Miss Nero. Deep 
Dash. Bluff Cove and Sporting 
Mariner have all got something 
to commend them in company 
such as this I still prefer 

for the likely winner of the 
Stouibridge Novices Chase, 
especially as Stearsby, Jenny 
Pitman's runner, has fallen in 
his last two races, in contrast 
African Star has won three of 
his last four. 

Hurdles at Obeltenam. 

Talking at Nottingham yesterday, 
Walter Wharton, the six.-year-old’s 
trainer, said; "Tom Slurp is 
reasonably .treated at Newbury, but 
I always think that the Schweppes is 
a killer race like the. Triumph. 
They’d always be worrying away at 
him. and be might run bis heart out 
to finish fifth. 

"1 may be dreaming. a' bit," he 
continued, ."and maybe Tom Sharp 
is not good enough to lake on the 
best at level weights. But heY an but 
and out stayer, he loves. Chelten- 
ham. and at present it appears to be 
an open race." Ladbroke’s offer 25-1 
against Tom Sharp 'for the 

Wharton then said that Terry ash 
might still take his chance at 
Newbury. "1 was a bit disappointed 
that he lost second place to 
Muqadar behind Prideaux Boy at 
Kempton. But it wasn’at a bad 
effon. as the winner’s a good horse 

to start at cramped odds. The main' 
point of interest wQ] lie in watching 
the 1984 champion hurdler tackle 
the Cheltenham fences she attempts 
to maintain her unbeaten records 
over fences. She will be accomponed 
aver by the stable companion, 
Hungary Hnr. 

Corporal Clinger. the' second 
favourite for the Champion Hurdle, 
also appears to be faced with a 
simple task with B^jan Sunshine 
and Kristen son the only oLhers of 
nou amongst a possible 10 rivals. 

As expected Burrough Hill Lad 
headed the 12 acceptors for the 
William HiD Yorkshire Chase at 
Doncaster the same afternoon. Earls 
Brig, By The Way. Run And Skip 
and Maori Venture also figured 
among those declared. By The Way 
is likely to start favourite- as the 
beaten Hennessy Cognac Gold Cup 
favourite attempts to credit the 
Dickinson family with their third 
triumph in the Town Moor feature. 

This amendment to Role 153 was 
just one of the reforms r e co mmen ded 
by the Blacker committee** report 
on load stcwaiding last autumn. In 
response to that report the Jockey 
Chib hare reviewed the panel of 
local stewards at all Flat meetings 
and will cany oat a similar review In 
time for the start of the 1986-87 
National Hunt season. 

. Another important alteration to 
Role 153 concerns improper riding 
which was prerionlsy grouped in the 
same section of the role as careless 
riding. Improper -riding, which 
covers offences sneh as excessive 
of the whip and striking other riders 
will in fntnre be dealt with under a 
separate section. 

Yet another modification to rale 
153 concerns the reintrodnetion of 
formal cautions for apprentices and 
conditional jockeys who commit 
their first offe 

• The Jockey Clnb’s case for the 
abolition of on-course betting tax 
was yesterday presented to tire 
Treasury minister, Peter Brook. 
Lord Fairhaven, the senior steward, 
said after the meeting:' "We had 
useful discussion hot obviously, with 
the imminence of the Budget, the 
minister was «™Mg to give any 
indication whether the Treasury 
would net on the Jockey Gob's 


Going: heavy 

1.30 MOORHEN NOVICE HURDLE (Div !: £858: 2m 41) (14 runners) 

ao CRESTED GREBE HURDLE (££005: 3m)J6) 

2 132-042 CHETEt (CO) (R Brawls) R Brawls 12-tl-ll — 

142004 TAELOsta (A Scrtl) A Scat S-11-11 

_ qggq 




adbi Apoujojm y 9kn ) t emta 







■ 0043 

BLUE RAVINE (Mrs <1 Read) W Reed 7-1 1-6 . 

CAURA fCHMnj J Borttor) Uixs M 

CHEBIV , S0jwi (A Mactaggarfl B I 

Montstm 5-11-6 
Benson 7-11-3 

(A Ma cts g p art) B M acta ggart 6-11-0 



.8 Norton 0-11-6 ._ 
J Johnson 6-1 1-6 

Mrs G Ravatoy 5-1 1-6 . 


48TaeM.3ChsWI. 4 Btaa Ravine. OCsfts. 10 Oams« na ah». 12 Chewy’s anp. 

DOUGHTY RQEL (tf Brackens) A Scott S-1 f-fl 

FAROOR [U-Col W MonteBO PMcntoHh 6-1 1 -6 

ODO FRHJ ASTAIRE (MMI StrakariN Cnarp 5-1 1-0 

0 J R DISCOUNTS (RGlbsrt) K Slone 5-11-8 

pp- FRAME SUNSET 03 TumeOW A Steohen 

-S daman 
_R O'Leery 
M TO 7 

~ P -P ! fo* a30 COOT HANDICAP CHASE (£2,46* 2m 4!) (6) 





frame SUNSET (G Turner) w A Steohanson 5-1 1-6 . 

YAHOO (J Hanson) W A Stephenson 5-1 1-6 

CAP THAT (J Tumen J Thmar 5-11-1 

— 0 Nolan 

_C Hawkins 

-A Brown 

TU Turner) JT 

CHANGE- YOUR -WAYS Mss F Ramsay) G Rlchante 611-1 

LADY iXYtCGrahamlO Lamb 7-1 1-1 


DCcode« 7 

-K Jones 


ILGrtWhe 0-11-1. 


— SKatgtriey 







ft -21 00 


li Tm 





Mrs T Odder 8-1 1-7 . 

W A Stephenson 10-11-8 . 

-T G Dun 
-K Jonas 




PafeKsLsq Denys SmBh 8-1 1-0 


Peacock) G Richards 61 62 JTuck 

UH (D) (W Peacock) G Richards 61 C 

W AynaJey) J Ayredoy 10-10-0' 

E (Dj p WBeon) w MoQHe 1 1-100 

.Mr K Anderson 7 

*4 ftobm fr. 1 1-4 The Dhridec, 5 Caqieniar's Mqr. 0 Binge. 8 Tudor FoBy. 10 Starmase. 

IMS M eeting abandoned - frost 

7-4 Another Boxer, 3 Christmas Holy. 9-2 Yahoo. 6 Change-Ycsr-Ways. 8 Ceperson. 12 
Doughty RabaL IS others. 

4.0 MOORHEN NOVICE HURDLE (Div It £856: 2m 4f) (14) 

Newcastle selections 

- • By Mandarin 

1.30 Another Boxer. 2.00 Philly Athletic. 2.30 The Builder. 3.0 Taclos. 3.30 
PREBEN FUR (nap). 4.00 Tartan T udor. 

Michael Seely's selection 4.0 LACIDAA (nap). 

lOUBCX (Met D Johnstone) C Parker 6124) ! 

ANOTWH OEARfW ASUpheneort W A Stephenson S-11-6 


BX2TOQGER(J Hsnsofl)J Hanson 611-6 

CAWY CONE (Mrs R Brants) RBrvwtc S-1 1-ff 

HARLEY (Mss J Eston) Mbs J Eaton ST1-6 . 

— M Barnes 

S Charton 

■ C PWott 

120yd) (7) 

1 00-400 CROWFOOT'S COUTURE (W A Seflera) J Parkas 5-11-5 RBetfourS 

4 4Q0uS RYE RECORD (EHoutston)K Stone 5-1 1-5 JD Dantes 

6 40140 PHILLY ATHLETIC (BFJIMrsM Wan) J Katoewafl 4-106 S Turner 3 

8 p DARWMA(W Storey) W Storey 4-1 67 D Tetter 

10 pp SUNDOWN SKY (B) (O Faktosnty R Whitaker 4-1 0-7 PA Ferret 

12 ilAYEL LADY (J Lund) J Doyte 4-10-2 1 M HR 

14 0 smAM QUEST (Mn SAuaen) P Conte 4-10-2 N Melden S 

4-5 PNty ABSeOc, 4 Crowfoot's Couwe. 11-2 Rye Record. 8 Dafwfrw. 10 Jaysi Lady, 20 

LACDARJMraE Seagram) J Johnson 611-6 

CYSMTTH (VV Horton) F Watson 5-11-6 : 

0440 STAR EVBtT (R Manners) J Psrfese 5-1 Wl ; 

304033 TARTAR TTfOOfl (Mrs M Thompson) Ran Thompson 5-11-6 . 
OtMKflta TOM POUSSE (GW Tuner) DLee 7-11-8 
OOOO-H GRASMERE QM.0 Jordan) I Jordan MI -1 

-P Berry 


SBJtEN TURN (BPV(W Roes) P Chertton 6-11-1 . 
8HARMHAN (D Ghepfiwn) 4-10-7 . 


— G Martin 7 

-PA Chartcn 


_ «'4K***-7-2 SEken Turn, 6 Arizona Oust, 7 Big Toggsr. 8 Hariay. 10 Star Evert, 12 Tartan 
Tudor JtO others. 











2.30 TEAL NOVICE CHASE (£1 .61 8: 3m) (14) 

1 0331-11 T>ff: BUILDER (DlfWaSanrCoMnn 4 Son Ltd) MrsG Ravetey 7-12-5 — P Niven 7 

JMMRUBB*8H(6u){BP)ffBrocktw48JBreckbenkB-12^ TQ Dun 

PRP4CE SANTIAGO (R Baker) Denys Smtti 7-11-13 — J4r T Reed 4 

TULLAMARBtE (BPlfW Stevsnaon-Tkyton G Rieharde 8-11-13 N Doughty 

SHNNORANN(D) 0 Johnson) R Johnson 11-11-6 Mr P Johnson 7 

MARACAS BAY (Bj (Mrs JWaggotQN Waggon 7-1 1-7 HuTWMBMt 

MUST FLY (G Tierw) W A SwphwwOO B-lT-7 KJones 

CRAM*ONDBR»<WJack90t4MWE«sart>y 9-11-2 -PTuefc 

OAMEWOOOfG Mason) Mrs COsrk 6-11-8 MDKlnaefta 

J0P9 FANCY (PLkkfl^PLiddM 8-11-2 M-JOt*w7- 

NOTEASY (Mrs A Pago) W A Stephenson 6-11-2 ASMigar 

TtMEUDK PLIGHT OMannMB McLean 8-1 1-2 REamshew 

WOLD SONG o Mason) Mrs CC3er« 10-11-2 — CPtak* 

YAUSKARI (Mbs J Estord Miss J EsSan 5-10-10 


5-2TheBuUw.7-2TuBemartne.92 piwee Santiago, ji -2 Mbs Rubbttn. e SMnMg Benn, 12 Gordon Richards and Phil Tuck, trainer and jockey of the 
TfenstessHgM. job's Fancy. 20 ottiars. fancied Preben Fur (330) 

Nottingham results 

.IJOQmhcCa); i,KOUROS(M Bremen. 8-2 

tor); 2. Prince R emh oro (Q McCmL 11-2); a 

Metsato (M Ptorupi. 10-1). ALSO RAN: 11-2 

Sabns AKa (800. 6 Bold Connection, Double 

Turn (Mi), 10 Met CYOcar <46i). 12 Speak No 
EiR. Up Cooke. 14 Moores MaM, 20 
B b Wigova Lad (PU), Caflph, Dancing Adntirai, 
Rad CoiumfeNL 33 Racord Red, 60 Aranda 

cTOro. Anowood Junction, Cattio Quest DM 

Spot Cettic Bora, HahB FOmting, Italy's 

Doorstep (PUL Marie's Dtaper. Miss Msfew. 
Eys Rnhar. & ran sh-hd.Tr, ?«L 7*L 1 KL l 

Brannsn at Newark. TOTE: E4.1Q: £320, £260, 

E3-80l OF: £520. CSR £3160. 

ZD (2m ch) 1. BACK M ACTION (A Jones. 
11-4); 2. Aknm(Q McCout 7-4 ta*fc i Ghaal 
~ Johnson. 10-1). ALSO RAN: 5-2 Lodaw 

' 12SSe*eBradcen(5tm 1 5ran.4L8L0L5L 

. TOTE £4J)0; 22.60, 

at Ess Jtelsy. 1 

2 to* 2 

3. » 





E1.10.dP: 2820. CSF: 

2J0 Sm hde) 1. DRYPEHEAD (R 

2. Whftstrtara (M Wffiams, 25- 

(Mr T Tata, 7-1). 

Curtains Answer, 13-2 See COkStiaes 

Mery Kste O'Brien (4th). LRsn Hour 

(ndan. 14 Sunny SwbeanL 26 Lady 

M e rcad o Magic (bd). 33 Fun Puraut, 

Destiny (pu), Ross Tycoon. &aea Gam. Keya- 

Wood. Thedord Chase. Sean, Rose Rocket 

(mo. -19 ran. NR: T echado r. 2L 7L 5L Vi. 4L K 

TOTE £3.20; 21 JO. & 

. . 29-00. 

f. DE £43.00. CSP. E80.16. 

3J» (2m dr) 1. TENESONQ (Mr J Vftatiial. 

0-4); 2, Mr Mo u se (p Browne. 6-4 ter); a. 

Reteasaroefstch (Mr M Sowarby. 26-1). ALSO 

RAN: 100-30 Indtan Range. 20 Refanora (401). 

26 Mm TaE. Saly Bhie. Btanaudbou (60* 50 

BsBy Code Cherry PhTO. HirtSand Une 

ffl). Just Wharton (pul P awn broker (6). 

toaBvsrs Way (fl), Qrafton Mabey, Whki Knowe 

ha), 8tar Fomerie. 17 ra n. 41, 1 ft. 4L 9. nk. C 

Sounders, at Spratton. TOTE 2320; £160, 

£1.50, 2SJJ0.DE £3.1 0.CSEESJM. 

)( 3t»^1 .BABCBU. 

2. Uttie Pohreb (P Banon, 

J <TN* 20-1). ALSO RAN: 5 

134 Srral Mcnoy (uj), KBegw 

10 Keep A Promise (WO, 12 
Qraenora Pride. 18 Cr eenora Pride, 18 HR of 


Winter at 

. 23.00; 28JKL 

DP £1)20. CSR E21A1.Trtcest B28S828. - 

4J) (tei hdtel 1. OONT -ANNOY ME (R 

Beogsn. 9-2): 2. WM Covered U J CYNeB. B-iL 

3, Mae Mekh (R Balfour, 7-2 ter). ALSO 

RAN: IlnZ Knight's Hair 0 s ). M Dad (5(h). 11 

12 No FMur, 14-1 Bucfcnrirate- Boy 

Sana (4th). 50 Balygroaby (pah. 

(pjj). 12 r an 41. 8L 4, Nk, BL F 1 

Leniboum. TOTE 070: CL70; £3.0 

Brock m. 

(Stilt Cimsrton ^b^ 

16 Nino 

Voisdar (pad. Pe w v dr (4th). 33 Jostring. GO 

Onedsn. JaAndrear. 15 ran. NR: Magic MUc. 

51.41. ftL4L3LRWMt8kerstWSthar&y.TOTE 

£5.70: £2.70, £1.60. £1S0L OP £15.00. CSF: 

£3424. Trfcest £10453. PLACE POT: 26.1 a 
Chepstow wss abandoned doe to 
a waterlogged course. 


Going: good (chase coureo); soft (hurdles) e om- 

2m 60 (17 runners) . cw __ 

«) CJsdcsan 5-11-6 



lucky rete^B 







£y (S eMlttnetO Rln»> Ml-* ■ 
Jotmun) N Henderson 5-1 1-£ • 

~ ' 'eWerup) S BeUngS-11-B 
C Boarii 5-11-5. 

I Needham) J Nee diw n 5-11-5 

O AncB MI-5 . 

6-11-6 . 

)DBurche(l 6-11-0 

) R HoBne h ead 4-10-7 

(1 Co* 4-70-7 

' (W Norton) N Ossetes 4-10-7 . 

I pi q ritie Ltd) M Pipe 4-10-7 



_G Lsmtei 


- 196& Meeting abandoned - w steriogge d end froren- 

Mariner. 11-4 Habra**. 6 Bhtil Cow. 8 Deep Dash. CsMo FMeL 10 Chany 
o,14 others. 

Ascot (2m ■ 

' Hdlo, 22377. 

IQVE (It r - m 

lO 2nd » Bettie KMg (1148 on Debut at Chepstow (2m 41 Nov Hde., 
£1.456. soft. Jan B,1&ranL' Selection: HALMAJOR. 

outing 16 1 3rd to Bra Mated ft0-l‘ 


I to srtt Jan 11. 20 rsrri. BL 

i jri Doncaster (2m 41 Juv Hde. I 

Wolverhampton selections ; 

. By Mandarin 

1.15 Haftnqjor. 1-45 Sing To Me. Z 15 African Star. Z45 Foggy 8“°*- 3. 15- 
Fifty Bucks. 3.45 Try To Remember. , 

' By Michad Seely 

1.15 Halmajor. -3v45Jk)Id Roderickl . • 






80UTAWQ m 




___ H Davies 

(Q AFtindmijR Woodhouee *JM0 7 ' 





EXTTKJOEJD Jones) BCunbMge 6167 ~ 

GOLD ACEW WHstorriW WhUon 6167 . 
ARCTIC FWEfQ JBradMy 6167 ■“ 














23 . . 

3 Sofitaito. 7-2 swing To Me; 4 Hoboumes Girt. 11-2 ChaBdea Pel 8 Exbutio. 10 Centaur 
Song. Moteere. 


Kdie. £1.108, soft. Deal 

(2m Sal Jm Hdte. £662, . . 

flO-8) st Heydock (2m S Juv Seri HMe, £831. sdlOK 12.7 nri.C 
crodBable iZWStit to SweetoM (12-0) at Wtocamon (2m3e» HTceal Ikte. £1.^8. gy-jg* 
rard- EXTRUDE (106) 1414th to Burley H9 Lass (10-7) at Ultoxate to Sa6 H mpH^a. 

Dec5, 13 ran). AICTOPBIE (161334 Ytietiiio Tall Ue Another (1610) stSorthweS. eartiar (16 
lo Care Won 


)W Morris 6167 

SOLITAIRE (B Hicks) B UcfcS 6167 

WOODPAIM GUU-(P HemsO-P Hamer 4-10-7 

.Mrs A MuBgari) U Pipe 6167 

NOtmtBm W O SPro TgpWMw) R PerMns 6167 . 

Diane Ctey 7 

_G Davies 

R Crank 

R Strongs 

Mr A Walton 7 

J Lower 7 


9)231 4th to Cm Wood(16« atTwceator(2m Sef Hdta. £727, fern. On 16, 5 ran). 
Selection: SWING TO ME. 

2.15 STOURBRIDGE NOVICE CHASE (£2,688: 3m 1 f) (14) 
84-1101 AFRICAN STAR (CIS (Mrs L Bertram) fl Ft 

ANOTHER DRAGON (Mrs W Gsrttsn) M Pipe 

BARNEY (Mrs Q Reeve) C 1 



4 ■ 





(Mrs L Bertram) R Rost611-7 ' 





iCTHMlm 61612. 

rMcMe 161612 

I PW Harris 11-1612. 

ITHafl 11-1612 

IRPwMns 61612 . 


CHEVRtel BLUE (R l _ . 

DUN ROLPE (Mn -I PMBpri N Qaaelaa 61612 . 

FELL CLIMB (C Henty) P BaBiy 61612 

MANNA RE» (K Ak&W) J Edvrards 61612 . 

J Frost 

J Lower 7 

A WMbb 

— A Sharpe 
_H Strangs 

R Crank 

_V McKavtit 
_K Mooney 
P Barton 

432010 MITHRAS U Rfttei) B Preeca 61612 

pp60 SCALnARA Mra M do Q Qukicay) M Scudamore 61612 
SOuOH 5TEAH8BY ft Ramadan) Mrs J Pttman 7-1612 



004-001 TDCALLI 




2 staarsby. 4 African Star, 5 Manna Root. 0 Oun Rtrite, 7 MShres, 10 Chevron Blue, 12 Chair 
Of KBdare, 16 other*. 

King (16i0)i . 

poninmate start bhmdarad badw 3 out when 
NovCh. £1.283, good, Cecil. IT 1 

(161(9 U at Hereford (3nr K 

up whw Nti 12th In race won 

Jan 11, 8 ran). “ 

2.45 COMPTON HANDICAP CHASE (£1,786: 2m 4f) (11) 

QAMSAY (D) (Mrs) 83uw)MraJPRman 7-11-8. 

361 4th to FMtBT SHI (165 « Huntingdon iChn- 4T 
rani WTW1AS (11-11) on penuMmato start bealP rtnce's Drlvs 
1 1I H-cte H&s. 21J2SS, good. Dec 19, 17 ran). STEARSBY pi-4) ctase 
ran by Church Warden (11-4) at Ascot (3m Nav Ch, EB.19 1 ^ , good to soft. 





(D) (Mrs P Harris) P Harris 611 -6 . 

FOOOY BUOY (CD) (Lord Ronaldsftsy) P Celver 12-11-4 

COMEDIAN (C) (MraO Bariney) D Nichoison 611-1 — 
SCOTS NOQQBH (D) (Mrs 8 Spsering) J^earing 11-1041. 

B DeHain 

— ,„.R Strongs 


J 1 Scudamore 

J> Warner . 



0001 -tit 






-G Davies 

I Frost 


__ Broe) Mrs MRUneri 6161 

J Hats) Q Prast 610-0 . 

_J Bryan' 


4 Lendng Board. 5 Foggy Buoy. 11 -7 Cornelian. 7 Gainsay. 10 River 

W/Mrior. Scota-Nogger. 14 oriwre. 

FORM: LANDING BOARD (11-5) 8V« 4th to Nudge Nudge (167) at Ascot (2m Heap Ch). 

best Paa-Cock-Ade <161 V 'Mn am NEMWlN (10-8) l4Vy back In 5«i at 

cap Ch.£207. apod. Dae 21. 9 ran). FOGGY BUOY (11-7) lastMKcwMulwhen- 

1-iO hen (2m41 H eap Ch. £1822. hard, Ncv 6. 4 ran). SCOTS NOOGER 

Johns I 

County I 

RHIOft(11-4) . . 

LEWS ESTATES (11 -7) Bfrd to Akram 

Sslection: FOGGY BUOY. 

iv um yiMsi yan n c . 

rn^lmiac^^icl 1 JortniPnwjntn l-7)Tt Woreaswr Omit trap eft), previously (11-QjuM 

over s adtoTfie County Stone (11-^ witii COMEDIAN ti2-7) M back hi Mi at Ludow ran 4 r 

Hera at. £1618. good to (Tm. Nov 27.6 ran). RIVER WARRIOR Q14)jaand to Bravan (11-4) «. 

Fortes (2m ag Ch. £1266, good to soft. Jan 13.T3 ran). L 

(11-71 ejLudtow (2m Nov Ch, E92B, goad. Dec 17. 12 rah). 

3.15 ESS1NGTON NOVICE CHASE (£1,388: 2m) (11) 

MOO EA3TF0RM(J Fenton) J Ferrion 61 1-1 

060310 FrTYBUC)OmWhaattoy)l*BMRImaR 611-1 

00 GREY COTE pmLVVteonlR Root 61 1-1 1 

000630 HALEWOQD VINTNER |J Halewood) D McCain 6-11-1 

020-000 P0RT8IDE 


J Frost ^ 


240 1ARTRE£YWra?HopeaaMH H enderson 611-1 

160000 VALLEY JU8TkS(A Carter) C TrieMna 61 1-1 

/pOOOO- LA VBIfTE(G Reg GYantisy 61610 

346300 RHYIIARC tJDeveyi R Ferkms 61610 

00(603 N0N-8M0tot(D Hodges) M Pipe 6166 

01 VAMNGBI (G Schjelderup) G Baldbig 610-6 

BM 611-1 

.Jt Crank 

Smkh Eodes 

_A Sharpe 



P Leech 

— X Mooney 








11-4 Fifty Bucks, a Smart Reply. 62 Non-Smoker, o Hhyrarc, 8 Valley Justice. 12 (bay 
Cote,. 14 others. 

Form: FIFTY BUCKS (l 1-0) on ipsmritimau atari beat at Stnrwtnd n 1-0) a « Hsrstord On 41 Nov 

Hdte £885, good to flrm, Nov *17 ran). HALEWOOD VINTNER (1 1-0) on saA^ dofautWs lOI 

3rd to Living Free (11-0) at Caftarfck (2m Nov HOe. £992. good to wft. Doc 1A ,17 rank! SMART 

RSft-Y (1MC) was beaten 6ti to Twin Oaks (1610) at TowoMterOn 51 Nov Hrta, good. 

1. 1* ran). On penuMmato start VALLEY JUSTK* (16H 26 vy Bth to Mr Key (11-4) at 
it (2m Keep I fie. £1^72. soft. Jen i; 16 ran). NON-SMOKER (1613 371 3rd to PJdca 

Ma|or(1612)wMi VARMOEN 161? a 9m lance Morn Chepstow (2m Nov Ch, £1,364. soft. Dec 

21. 13 ran). NO SELECTION 

3.45 KIDDERMINSTER HANDICAP HURDLE (£1 ,858: 2m) (1 1) 

3' ObOlfO TRY TO REMEMBER (D) m Price) R Holder 61 1-7 

NORTHWARD jm (Mrs J Grant) P Hants 61 1-6 __ 

JUPITER EXPRESS (B)(D) (D McLaugrtln) R Peacock 61612 — •SJO'NsN 

GUN-CARRIAGE(MraG Jones) A Jones 610-8 Miss D Jones 

SBJIOHNE RECORD (D) {Mrs G Jones) Mrs G Jones 6167 JSuthsm 

MAGIC MINK (BS (Mrs E KtarkB) R Hc(dar6164 P Murphy 

BOLD ROOER2CK (CO) (Q Richards) OanvItaRlchaRto 7-1 64 

-R Strongs 




4444 a 4Q 






DWWto 11-163. 

Pwrett) J Pottwi 6161 

” DHeydatv<Jones7-l60 . 

ks 0-160 

Miss T Devise 7 

— JJO-Nall 
..C Warren 7 

= A 

7-2 Matfc Mnk, 4 Bold Roderick. 5 Waa Wlflam, 162 Jupiter Expraea, 8 Northward, 10 Tty 
To RBmsnri>er.12Q>s i Carri age. 10 others. 

H*cap Hdte.£lAa5, good to (fern. Nov 26. 12 ran). NORTHWARD (161) puled up at Worcaster 

' * “ -ID) « Haratorti (2m Nov Hdto. - 

i start mis season: last season (11-6) B 2nd to Mister Bee fl 6' 

( 161 ) panddmoto 


,738, soft, Jan 9. 

beat Season's 

11 at Hereford (2m 

to Swaamri ( 12 - 0 ) 

Today’s course specialists 


TRAMERS: A Scott 14 wi nn er s from 61 
rums. 23.00%; N Crump, 18 from 65. 18.8%; 
Denys Snrilft. 12 ten 106.113%. 

JOOQEYS: A Brow, 1 B wirmara from 72 rtdaa. 
250%: T G Dun. 15 tram 68. 174%; C 
Hawkins. 17 from 90, 17 J%. 


TRAWERS: Mrs M RJmefl. 23 wimen from 91 - 
runners. 253; N Henderson, 7 from 37. 18J%; 

■ J Spearing. 10 from 56. 17^%. 

JOCKEYS: G Bradtoy, 5 winners from 14 ndes. 
365%; P Scudamora. 28 from 121, 23.1%: J J 
O-NeflL 1 1ftom 56. 196%. 

Court of Appeal 

Law Report January 22 1986 

Court of Appeal 

Driving with loose load was reckless Security extends ta contingent liabilities 

Regina y Grossman 
Before Lord Lane. Lord Chief 
Justice, Mr Justice Leggatt and Mr 
Justice Simon Brown 
[Judgment delivered January 17] 

The. driver of an articulated lorry 
was guilty of reckless driving on a 
public highway . when, knowing 
there was a serious risk that the 
vehicle's heavy load might (all off 
and kill or injure another road user, 
he nevertheless determined to run 
the risk - and the load fell off and 
killed a woman pedestrian. 

The Court of Appeal so held 
when the judgment of the court was 
delivered by the Lord Chief Justice 
dismissing an appeal by Richard 
Alan Crossman. aged 43. a motor 
fitter, from conviction on a change 
of plea at Newcastle upon Tyne 
Crown. Court (Mr Justice Taylor) of 
causing death by driving recklessly, 
contrary to section I of the Road 
Traffic Act 1972. as substituted by 
section 50(1) of the Criminal Law 
Act 1977. He was sentenced to six 
months' imprisonment and dis- 
qualified for 1 2 months. 

Their Lordships certified that a 
point of law of general public 
importance was involved in the 
decision. Leave to appeal to the 
House of Lords was refused. 

Mr Glenn Gatland. assigned by 
the Registrar of Criminal Appeals, 
for the appellant: Mr A. Toby 
Hedwonh for the Crown. 

said that the appellant's trailer unit. 

which he collected from a com- 
pound in Birtley. had already been 
joaded with, among other metal 
items, a large piece of machinery 
called a welding positioner weighing 
between three and Gve tons. It was. 
admittedly, the driver’s responsi- 
bility to secure and sheet the load. 

The appellant was told by the 
man who had loaded the trailer that 
he thought the load was unsafe and 
should be chained down and 
sheeted before the lorry was taken 
on the road. 

The appellant, disregarding the 
advice, said it was "as safe as 
houses" and. in any event, he was 
just going round the comer to chain 
the load at the deooL Without the 
load having been chained down ur 
sheeted the appellant drove the 
vehicle on the public road. 

.As it went over some depressions 
or pot holes in the road the welding 
positioner, which in any event was 
lop heavy, fell off on the near side 
footpath and on to a pedestrian. Mrs 
Wilhelm ina Fenton, who was killed 
almost immediately. 

At the close of the prosecution's 
case the appellant submitted that be 
had been charged with the wrong 
offence - it should have been one 
againsi the Motor Vehicles (Con- 
struction and Use) Regulations (SI 
1978 No 1017) - and there was no 
evidence capable of Justifying the 
jury in concluding that there had 
been reckless driving. The judge 
rejected the submission and the 
appellant changed his pica. 

On appeal Mr Gatland' had 

submitted that reckless driving had 
to be something to do with the 
handling or control of the vehicle 
iiscIC If a person was driving a lorry 
along the road gingerly and with 
great care, as doubtless the appellant 
was. the mere feet that something 
fell off the lorry could not be the 
basis of a charge of reckless driving 
even though the driver might have 
. known that the load was unsafe and 
likely to fall off but nevertheless 
chose to run the risk that it might. 

The only question on the appeal 
was whether a person, who drove a 
lorry with an insecure load which he 
knew might Tall off and injure 
someone and deliberately tan the 
risk lhaL it would, could properly be 
said to be driving recklessly. 

Counsel for the appellant submit- 
ted in effect that there was a 
distinction between deciding to 
drive recklessly and recklessly 
deciding to drive and that the tatter 
did not come within the mischief of 
the A cl Whaz had to be considered, 
he submitted. W3S the care 

and control of the vehicle and. if no 
criticism could be made of the way 
that the vehicle was steered or 
braked or of its constituent parts, 
then what might happen to the load 
being carried on the vehicle was not 
relevant to the offence. 

Their Lordships disagreed with 
that contention. 

The jury could, and no doubt 
would, have found ihat the 
appellant foresaw ihc high degree of 
risk that the load would fall off and 
il it did might injure someone and 

nevertheless decided to run that 
risk. He caused that risk or put . it 
into operation by driving the vehicle 
on to the road. He was driving with 
the knowledge that by doing so, 
however slowly, gingerly and 
carefully he drove, he was putting 
other rood users at risk of serious 
iqjury or death. 

That seemed to their Lordships to 
fall clearly, as a matter of simple 
wording, under the expression 
“reckless driving" - driving with the 
knowledge that by moving the 
vehicle along the road at all the 
appellant was running the serious 
risk of injuring someone. That was 
reckless driving. 

Consequently the judge was 
correct in his conclusions and, 
accordingly, the appeal was dis- 

Solicitors: Mr D. E. Brown. 
Newcastle upon Tyne. 

In re Rudd & Son Ltd 
In re Fosters & Rudd Ltd .. 
Before Lord Justice Dillon. Lord 
Justice NichoDs and Sir George 
Waller . 

[Judgment delivered January 1 7] 

A standard form of mor 
created in favour of a bank 
charge by a third party embraced 
conungent liabilities so that ihc 
mortgage could not be redeemed 
merely by virtue of the fact that all 
moneys due on the overdrawn 
account had .been paid off. 

The Court of Appeal so held, 
allowing an appeal by the Midland 
Bank pic from a decision of Mr 
Justice Nourse who on February 8. 
1 984 granted an application by Lhc 
liquidator of two companies for a 
declaration that on the true 
construction of a standard form 
mortgage dated December 20, 1978 

Pleadings criticized 

Brooks and Others t Richard 
Ellis (a firm) and Others 

The Court of Appeal (Lord 
Justice Stephen Brown and Sir 
Roger Ormrod) on January 14 
criticized pleadings which failed to 
comply with the rules because they 
pleaded evidence. 

The court allowed an appeal by 
ihc plaintiffs against an order ofSir 
Neil Lawson of November 12, 1985. 
whereby he had dismissed the 
defendants' appeal against an order 

of Master Turner for a speedy trial, 
made on July 26. 1983, but hod 
added a proviso that the plaintiffs 
should not apply for a date before 
January I. (988. 

. SIR- ROGER ORMROD. agree- 
ing with Lord Justice Stephen 
Brown, said that instead of pleading 
in lhe_ ordinary way.. the statement 
of claim was a mass of evidence. 
The defence responded in a similar 
wav. The pleadings looked like a 
wnuen brief. The form of pleading 
was at ihe root of the trouble. 

no indebtedness or other liability of 
the companies to the hanir was 
secured .by the mortgage on or after 
November 19. 1981 and that on that 
date the bank was obliged to 
surrender and reconvey the mort- 
gaged property to the companies. 

Mr John Chadwick. QC and Min 
Elizabeth Gloster for the bank; Mr 
John Hjgham for the liquidator. 

lh3! the appeal raised a question as 
to the extent of the bank's security 
under its standard form of mongage 
for a charge by a third party. In 1958* 
i*o companies. Rudd & Son Ltd 
and Fosters & Rudd Ltd entered 
into a partnership as Fosters 
Builders and carried. on business as 

In February 1970 a mortgage was 
made between Rudd &. Son Lid and 
the bank, charging certain land 
vested in Rudd & Son Lid alone. In 
December 1978 a mortgage was 
made between both companies and 
the bank whereby the companies 
mortgaged property owned jointly. 

In September ' 1 98 1 both com- 
panies went into liquidation and on 
November 19. 1981 the liquidator 
wrote asking the bank to vacate the 
mortgages because all moneys 
owing by the firm. on the overdrawn 
account had by then been paid oft 

The bank declined to do so 
because there were certain contin- 
gent liabilities still outstanding, 
namely, counter indemnities in 
respect of suretyship for perform- 
ance bonds given by the bank to 

local authorities in respect of 
roadworks to be carried out by the 

Although no call had been made 
on the bank at the date of the 
liquidator’s letter, in May and 
August 1982 the bank was called 
upon to make payments in respect 
of the performance bonds. The 
question as between the bank and 
the liquidator was whether the bonk 
was a secured creditor or an 
unsecured creditor in respect of the 
moneys thus paid to the local 

The two mortgages were not 
materially different from each other 
and in the Court of Appeal the bank 
rclicdonly on the mortgage of 1 978. 

The land was demised for a term 
of 4.000 years subject to the proviso 
for redemption which stated that "if 
the mortgagor or its successors in 
title shall on demand pay to the 
bank all and every the sum and 
sums of money which shall for the 
time being be owing to the bank by 
thc firm . . . including the amount of 
notes or bills discounted or paid or 
other loans credits or advances 
made to or for the accommodation 
or at the request either of the firm or 
any member or members thereof 
w hether solely or jointly . . . and all 
moneys for which the firm or any 
members or member thereof shall 
be liable to the bank as surety or in 
any way whatsoever . . . then and in 
such 'case the bank shall . . . 
surrender and reconvey the said 
premises . . 

Liability as a surety was 

contingent until called upon. It did 
not make commercial sense that the 
mortgage covered contingent lia- 
bilities once they were called but not 

It would be perfectly proper- for 
lhc bank to demand payment of 
what was overdrawn on current 
account without at the same time 
demanding what was owing on the 
loan account but not yet immedi- 
ately payable: or to demand 
payment of what was overdue on 
current account without seeking to 
demand payment of unquantified 
contingent liabilities. 

It was implicit in the scheme of 
the mortgage that the bank could 
only demand payment from the 
■ mortgagor of moneys which it could 
demand at that time from the firm. 

concurring, said that he agreed with 
Mr Justice Nourse in the court 
below that the "all moneys" clause 
in t he proviso for redemption was 
governed by the word “including". 
I ® u *“ did not follow that contingent 
liabilities which had not crystallized 
inui accrued liabilities when 
redemption was sought were not 
covered by the mortgage. 

The word “including" referred to 
matters which were not referred to 
by the preceding words. It was dear 
that the security was intended to 
embrace contingent liabilities. 

Sir George Waller agreed. 

Solicitors; Jaques A Lewis: 
Acton Simpson & Hanson. 


^aiSyaOfe IMTTHENEWS c All, OOO 

. ^g^Ostffier^vye^BTd..;rnergers andtakw?%s staffand be among the first to know afnewdeveloa- 

■ T&jP- over P 3 ? nTonths.TlW ments in the commercial worktThe pace is fast and the 

<5qf p»rate Hnance Ujrector of tnewortdvyjde merchant v atmosphere pressurised.' sp you should be professional 
bam advises dierrts on matters as wefi k cahr^t^’ -a^ able to keep >ourcck^T^e rewards spm .. 

■ exit certain marketing activities, As tws Secretary/RA, you - arehigh — excel leit salary plus superb - «bjw 

wiHfeis? frequently withcfents ar^s^ror mernbers of bankffig benefits.. SkiHs 10050 oTiopare 

Trade 01-278 9161/5 



. £& ' ' 

- r ■= 

• Central London - near 
Goodge StreetTobe Station 

Starting Salaries up to £9,700 

*r ; ' •* 

- . ' 

• -^ae" • • - 

British Telecom Business Systems currently require two bright, efficient 
secretaries to work in their modem offices off Tottenham Court Rood. 

r' .- . These are interestmg and chaBepging jobs raffing for a lively ' 

■ personafily coupled with the ability to work on you* own initiative, helping 
. the Head of Marketing Operations or the. Head of Dotacomms in ail : 

aspects of their work. ... 

. \buwll need good skfflsfinduc&igWPj and shorthand will be a 

.Irvoddifion to a storting salary of upto £9700 benefits indude 
• . generous holidays, subsidised staff restaurant and, after qualifying period, 
season ticket loan. 

Please write with fufl eve to: Terry Houghton, BT Business Systems, 
Room 2126, 23 Howland Street, London W1P 6HQ. 

British Telecom 
Business Systems 

: : .Ml 7, !W H 7i II All .7, JlX I! 

#$] .. . AUDIO 

is w ; 

U H I 

; ' m..r- >3 

• m S 

. ■ 

- W ‘ 

k 4 Mercantile C 
\ -.m. prestigious Rna 
^ j, Audio Secretary 

. j ;i Y'i-- Ideally you s 
k i gained in a Salic 

;»■*« W ", . 24+ you muster 
\ J; ki; we mil train yoi 
.. .‘‘We offer ages 

•*- • • . frrm CMCAII fir*! 

up to £8,750 

Mercantile Credit are one of -the UK's largest and most 
.m. . prestigious Finance Houses azid wencnrneed a highly skilled . 

Audio Secretary to work for one of out Legal Executives. 
y Ideally you should have conveyancing experience probably 
k i gained in a Solicitor's office or within a Legal Department Aged ' 

- 24+youmuster\ioywoiiangaspartofateainandifaIlgoeswell . 
ki we will train you to operate an IBM Personal Computer. 

- We offer a generous benefits package whiclfincludes interest 
" free season ticket loan, non-contributory pension scheme, 
aabBjfflsed restau ra nt, p ref e rred mortgage and reduced loans 
y alter qualifying period 

k J Please contact Rosemaiy Bramble for an application form or 
w- send your av. to her ate 

i 4 Men^ntite Credit Company limited, . 

v Elizabethan House, Great Queen Street, LondonWGSB 5DP„ 

ki Tel: 01-242 1234. 

: send yonrev. toner a« 

: \ 4 Men^ntfle Credit Company limited, . 

w Elizabethan House, Great Queen Street, LondonWGSB 5DP„ .. . 

c ki Tel: 01-242 1234. 

r ^ An Equal Opportunities Employer 

:ii T i Mercantile Credit! & il ^ il & ii 

i T 

Ik ii 

I kTi 
L T i 
L T i 



i ▼ 


S * 

1 k i 

We am todkina tar first class santor-levri temporary secretaries to join our busy, 
professtondtoiffn in Central London. In addition to good secretarial skills of at toast :100/B0 
you should also possess 2 years’ Director level secretarial experience In London and IW.P. 
skffls are afwayslrtdemand. Wte win pay you exceBent hourly i^s, send you to an 

htenwt!i^vart^o(<afflite t andycui^beteniplrigatthe^yelyoudes«rve.- 

Wyou are tfso looking far a permanent job and are n« sue ofjrou next step, we have many 
opportunities currently writable tor tamping into permanent positions. 

01-434 4512 (West End). 
01-588 3535 (City) 

Crone Coikill 



•We are a mednno-si» finn.of Qt y Soli citors 
(Momimcnt) and wish to recnni an experienced 

Pranary responsibffiiy wflllje for the st^»rviannof 
swhdibcStf 36a*nd th e smooth c^^oa of 
impnrtW service. A wider respoimbihty Hx the finn > 

fiMKtirfan* shooW demonsrraie competence in. 

botawdddBigkiwwte^eofan dectromcPABXsystonns 

Bicdtent sdaiy and benefits. Homs 9^0-530. 

Write with details of ptte xpenenceux 

. BOX 0879W, THE TIMES . 

(University of London) 


RaquMto ssaktooBagas caMrtng 


Wowtomars drty, md wsaaftxul 
27,758 to £8.758 

SSESS T 2 »cv te . 



Self' starter and good communteattH-needed terMp 
tourism View OsS^rtsuftancy m W1. Goodorfica as- 
sentfaL WPavaBabla. S9fl00 + par annum. 

• Phone 01-4342W 

; (NoAgenctes) 


ASSNT MANAGER! £12,000+ 

High profile for the capable & responsible individual 
wttn proven experience In the key support area of 
Office Services. Excellent conditions are offered by 
this major City CHent 

nUTKSEPUIS! to £10,500+ 

The City ‘profession^ can expect pressure, but wffl 
find real challenge & scope bi mis complex PA role In 
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MBUOTY! to £6,800 

Lots of flaJeon/hanctilng Press & public Retations/inv- 

toved h the production & distribution of pubitaty 
materia] - ail form part of an unusually Interesting 
brief for the young Secretary with plenty of initiative. 

PART-TIME! £ pro rata 

Several exceBent openings are currently on file for 
mature Secretaries or Typists of good education, 
seeking Interesting part^me work m diverse fields. 
Strong Interpersonal skills are needed in each case. - 


1B/Z3 Oxfirf Street, LseEao, VI Tct 01-437 9830 

111/183 Cam Street, Ltriaa, EC4 Tel; B1-IZ6 >315 

Recruitment Consultants 




Taylor Woodrow Intsmational Limited are looking 
tor a Secretary who can combine fluency in French with 
secretarial skills acquired at senior director level. 

The successful applicant wlH perform translations, 
provide a PR service to French speaking people, deal 
sensibly whh the running of the office, parHouterly In the 
absence of the Director who travels frequently, and 
carry out all normal secretarial duties. 

For this busy and responsible position you should 
be aged 25 ptus with first class typing and communi- 
cation skills and ideally, though not essentially, short- 

The salary and benefits we are offering wiH Fully 
reflect the importance of this position. 

Please write with a fuD cv to Alan Thom Hay, Taylor 
Woodrow International Limited, Western House, West- 
ern Avenue. EaBng. London IKS 1EU. Or telephone tor 
on application form 01-891 3154. 

Taylor Woodrow. International 





A major US law finn near Pall Mall is seeking a career- 
minded professional as bi-lingual sccretary/assistant for 
iheir . European Managing Partner. The position requires 
self-motivation and initiative as wed as top secretarial and 
administrative skills. Fluency in English and Goman both 
w r itten and spoken is eaentuL Applicants must enjoy a 
busy and demanding day. Age 254-. Superior performance 
will be well rewarded. 

Please send your resume to: 

Jennifer Carter 

4 Carlton Gardens 
London SW1Y 5AA 


Director's PA 

Fast accurate audio-typing skins are requred, as Js the 
abSty to work under pressure. Word Processing also re- 
quired. The PA wffl help the Director with day to day ad- 
ministration In this smal, busy research organisation. 
Salary c. £9,000; 5 weeks howay. 

Secretary /Word 
Processor Operator 

The person appointed wffl have the major responsibility for 
word processing in the office. . . 

Salary c. £8,000; 5 weeks holiday. 

For further dataUs ring 01-488 8211/8212, ex' appfyfn writ- 
ing with a c-v. to: The Director, Family Policy Studies 
Centra, 231 Baker Street, London, NW1 8 XE. 



We are currently seeking a Secretary in our 
Group Marketing Department based at Park Lane, W1. 

The successful candidate wUI be a mature person 
with exceBent secretarial skills and the potential to 
develop new computer systems. The ability to work 
under pressure, conunitmantto the job arid a sense of 
humour are also essential. 

In return we offer a competitive salary and 
excellent company benefits. 

Please apply in writing with fuH career details to: 
Debra Thompson, Trusthouse Forte PLC, 12 
Sherwood Street London W1V 7RD. TeL 01-437 7788 
(no agencies please). 

Trusthoose Fbrte PLC 



Highly efficient sharthand/audio secretary with at 
least 3 years' relevant experience is required now for 
a busy senior Company Commercial partner in 
modem open plan offices. 

The applicant should be aged 25-45 and have good 
shorthand and typing speeds, excellent organisational 
ability and be able to deal on own initiative with 
clients in the partner's absence from the office. 
Dedication and commitment to the job will be the 
principle virtues of the successful applicant who will 
not be required to use a word processor. 

We offer a starting salary up to £11,000 with annaal 
salary review, 20 days’ hohday, STL, sick pay and 
other benefits. 

Foil CV please to Box No 1W7 N The Times. 



Circa £15,000 pa 

Our client, an American based organisation needs a 
recruitment officer who can relate to the staffing 
needs of a rapidly expanding organisation with a 
high regard for the profit making principle. 

An attractive self-confident personality combined 
with high energy reserves and direct experience 
preferably supported by relevant qualifications are 
essential for this International environment 
Please ring Angela Mortimer personally 



£8,500 Neg + Bonus 

Manag ing Director of busy agency, with, wefl knows dkois, 
requires Seoretaxy/Aasistxot, *dh 2S+, with a high 
se c r etari a l «Hh (100/60) and oqp nu at H a al shinty. Smart 





medium-size film of City . Solicitors 
(Monument with large international clien- 

will include arranging meeting schedules for 
10 conference rooms and relief duties on 
our ITT Unimat 4080 switchboard. 

INCE of either reception or switchboard duties is 

ES will include pleasant happy persoraJIty. 
confidence, flexibility, high standard of 



will include pleasant happy personality, 
confidence, flexibility, high standard of 
presentation and speech. 

Excellent salary, Bonus, LVs, 22 days holi- 
day, Season ticket loan. Hours 8.30-4.30. 

Write with details of past experience to Box 

No 0880 WThs Times 


> Covent Garden £ii,ooo 

This PA role offers something special - the chance to team 
how the talented MD of a voting public company thinks 
3 and works. This ability will enable you to take an active 
Z part in the development of their diverse and exciting busi- 
5 nesses. You will also need initiative, strength of character 
n and a sense of humour. Age 22-JO. Skids ; 90/60. 

More media £io,ooo+ 

This charming and ultra successful managing director of 
an important television company is looking Jor a new PA 
to replace the one he has just promoted. The job is allyojt 

to replace the one he lias just promoted. The job is all yop 
could ask for in terms qf challenge, involvement and a 
great boss. Excellent secretarial sous essential. Age: 24- 
35. Skills : 110/65. 

A Good Investment £8,ooo 

7«u directors of this busy, friendly and well respected city 
investment company need a young secretary with initiat- 
ive and drive: Previous experience is an advantage but if 
your skills are good this could be the opening for your first 
or second job. Age: 18-21 Skills: 80/60. 


8 Golden Square, London WL 
Tel: 01-439 6021. 





{///// Advertising/PR El 1,500++: Chairman of 
/ // / / this prestigious Agency requires an excep- 
// / / ® onal p A/Omce Manager for a personnel role 
y// in lively, young group. Age 25-30. 80/60. 

// Communications £10,500: Director of top Ad- 
' / vert sing Agency needs a friendly, organised PA 

f to coordinate worldwide accounts in a new exciting 
operation. 90/60. 

Design £9,000: A busy graphic design team in a welt- 
- known consultancy are looking for a versatile aH- 
rounder to make their life easier. 100/60. 

TV Production £8,500: Head of Marketing needs a 
Secretary/Re searcher preferably with marketing 
experience to work on own projects. 90/60. 
Advertising £7,000: Join the heart of advertising and 
be part of a team womg for 2 young Account Execu- 
tives In this friendly Agency. 90/50. 

Publishing £6,500: Bright college leavers to learn 
past-up/production and ban on editorial side are 
needed in this major publishing house. 80/45. 

629 9689 

Recruitment Consultants 


I am Chairman of a fa sr-expa tiding publicly-quoted 
advertising and public relations consultancy. 

I am looking for an exceptional Execuove/Rjreonal 
Assistant who is presentable, intelligent and has a lively 
mind. The ideal candidate will be hard-working and 
committed, tactful and discreet and above all, should 
have a good sense of humour. 

The work is pressurised, often highly confidential and 
the hours are quite demanding, but this is reflected in 
the remuneration package which includes profit-sharing. 

If you are aged 24-28 and believe that your back- 
ground, experience and unusual personal qualities make 
you the right candidate for this job, please contact me, 
Reg Win, or else my current Assistant, 

Jane Sowerby on 01-730 3456. 


BiBngual P A/Secretary with 
English shorthand and vary 
fluent Spanish, for a senior 
banking post in the city. You 
wS work for a Spaniard and 
were in a great deal of Haision 
with Spain plus a considerable 
amount of organising to do. 
Salary negotiable around fits 
£10,000 ares with exceBent 


Harrow Job for sales- 
ortsntatad secretary with fluent 
noken and written French. 
Will assist two Managers and 
wtt need a minimum of two 
years experience. Reliable 
Engfish shorthand and tha 
confidence to keep the office 
running efficiently when they 
are away £8,000. 

MuKBngua) Services, 
Recruitment Consuttmts. 

72 Charing Croes Road, 
London WC2 


Personna] Assistant to equity 
salesman, we are looking for 
someone with fluent Bench 
who is numerate, a proficient 
typist and capable of detaBed 
administrative work win share 
important back up tasks with 
two others within a young, 
dynamic s toc kb ro ki ng group 
£7,750 + rise in 8 months and 


Managing Director seeks PA 
secretary with the experience 
and organisational abfflty to 
provide efficient back-up at 
this level this la ataadnattng 
area of international trade and 
there is a lot to leant. Own 
modem office £9,000 



C £12,500 

Die Senior Partner of this successful and expanding 
Inter na tion al legal finn In WC1 requires a mature and 
experienced Seoetary to perform this combined role. 
Appfeante should be aged 30+ with sound legal experience, 
excellent shorthano and proven admHstrativa skffls, 
preferably in a similar environment A cakn and pleasant 
manner is ess e n tial , as is the abSty to communtaats 
affectively at al levels. 

Please apply in writing with (till CV to 

Fiona McLaren Lane & Partners 
46-47 Bloomsbury Square, London, WC1A2HU 



Trade 01-278 9161/5 


After 9 years' sen/ice our General Manager's PA is leaving to start a family and 
we are faced with tfte almost impossible task of trying to recruit a replacement; 


(Package £16,000 p.a. neg.) 

We are a rapidly expanding General Insurance Company with Branch Offices 
throughout the UK and our Head Office in the City of London. 

To achieve the impossible you will need to have top professional secretarial 
staffs including audio and shorthand. 

You must be able to demonstrate high levels of initiative and communicative 
skills as you will be in constant touch with Senior Management and Directors 
both internal and external. 

In return we offer you an exceptional opportunity to play a key role in the 
development of our young and dynamic Company together with a substantial 
salary and outstanding fringe benefits. 

If you would (ike to attempt the impossible please telephone me lor an 
application form or further information: 

Personnel & Training Manager 
on 0732 362345 


Lombard Continental House* 

182 High Street, 


Kent, TN9 1BY. 



A wet] presented Secrelary/T roublr Shooter required 
immediately to assist Chairman of our Appeal Tor an 18- 
monih contract. Impeccable secretarial skills, and good ail 
round organiser required 

The applicant would be based in Regent’s Park. Four 
weeks' holiday. Free lunches. Salary: £9.000 - £10,000 nego- 

Application form and job description from Birthright, 27 
Sussex Place, Regent's Park. London. NWl or telephone 
01-725 9296. Closing date for receipt of handwritten appli- 
cations. 29th January 1986. 


£9,500+ -NWl 

Medium sued successful company based in NW[ urgently 
require a mature, self-motivated person to organise the 
general office. There are three aspects to this varied position: 
1 . Organisation of general office 
L Personnel 

3. Secretarial work for Directors. 

Applicants must be well presented and well spoken, 
minimum typing speed SO wpm_ Shorthand would be an 
advantage. Age 25-40. Contact Chris or Jenny on 408 0486, 
Beavers Ltd. Rec Cons. 

Judy Farquhanon Limited 

47 New Bond Street; London, Wl Y 9HA. 

An efficient 

Secretary /Administrator 
needed Id mis small, bun- offle* 
to onnnfse J Directors, 
ostabusn systems & train a 
Junior. Must be flcxlMo e, 
mature. wWi good skills 
(100/60) & preferably WP 
wwltiw. Age 30-46. 


DoUgtitfui young Boss needs a 
CltcerfUL aonmablr 

P A /Secretary to get totally 
involved in this interesting A 
varied company. Must have 
Plenty of initiative * 
enoiuuaam. numeracy A era* J 
SH/typtnp (100/60X plus sotna 
WP eapartenee. Age SCMO. 


w i 3 S 5 SB 


An tnteffigont secretary Is re- 
quired to assist senior officers in 
the school's administration, 
whose work is very varied and 
cxj vers a wide range ot the 
school's business including 
research methods, legal affairs 
and press and mec&a wot*. 

Applicants should have good 
secretarial and organisational 
suns (including audio) and be 
able to work to numerous dead- 
lines with the minimum of direc- 
tion. Working at the busy centre 
of the school's administration 
this job also calls for tact, confi- 
dentiality and on unflappable 

Excellent commons of ser- 
vice include generous holidays, 
season ticket loan and catering 
and social fadfiltes. Salary on a 
scale from £7,756 to £8,758 
(under review). 

Interested applicants should 
send a fun curriculum vitas to the 
Personnel Office, London 
School ot Economics, Houghton 
Street, London. WC2A 2AE. 
Closing date, 10 February, 1986. 




With • w« usTPUnal pouuon. 
Shorthtnd, ryjnm aid won! pro- 
ctspdg tails required, logriher 
with excel lent cxgcrirace. An 
opportunity to join* £w ntorin*, 
interwring etrrironaetu in die 
Vest End. 



£ 10,000 

The newly appointed sped*] 
projects manager of this Urge 
public merchandising company 
based in NVI, is looking for a 
top calibre PA lo waa him in 
setting up a new division. 
Working at main board level he 
is responsible for launching the 
company in an entirely new 

You will need plenty of 
initiative, and the maturity to 
handle the confidential aspects 
of the job, as well as excellent 

Speeds 100/60 + WP 

AGE; 25-35 


£9,500 - WATFORD 

Work lor thfl Head ot trie 
Consumer Finance Dept of mis 

Company. You wfo help with 
legal documents and 
correspondence, field all calls 
and organise his busy He. If you 
are tvsb-presented with rusty 
S/H. adulo. good typing and 
ha vs legal experience, Haase 


Crone Corkill 

Recruitment Conaufia fra 

99 Regent St London W1 

Successful businessman 

lovely house in SW1, and 
nwds someone to totally 
organise his life. 


London Borough of 
Tower Hamlets 

Directorate ol Housing 
£1 1,292-El 1,955 

Are you ready for your first 
step nto management? 

We are offering the ideal 
opportunity to develop your 
supervisory and organisational 
skins in thus newly established 
senior post. Specifically, your 
dudes will be to provide an 
effective reprographics and 
word processing service 
through the administration and 
supervision of the Directorate's 
centrally based typing pool 

So. if you are a first class 
audio/shorthand typist with 
administrative and supervisory 
experience in a typing 
environment and have the 
confidence and ability to 
undertake this challenging 
post, we would Bite to hear 
from you. Word processing 
training wl be given n 

This post appears with the 
agreement of the London 
Housing Staff Commission. 
AppBcants an considered on 
the bash ot their suitably for 
the post regardless ot sex, 
racial origin, marital status, 
disablement or age. 

Application forms and further 
details from Personnel 
Services. Town Hall. Patriot 
Square. London E2 SIN, or 
telephone our answering 
service on 01-981 0077. Please 
quote reference 30B050L/T. 
Closing data lor receipt of 
completed applications 17th 
February. 1986. 

Wheels of 


Are you motivated by money? 
Our dients operate hi the 
fast- moving work] of Interna- 
tional investment two brothers, 
both dedicated to hard facts, 
shrewd judgement and business 
success. They now seek a PA/ 
Secretary of similar drive and 
commitment. Working with 
them across all aspects, you will 
handle sensitive Information, 
stock exchange transactions, 
diene liaison etc while looking 
after office admin and office 
accounts. The job offers execu- 
tive potential, with virtually 
limitless scope. Excellent 
numeracy, bookkeeping and 
computer experience are essen- 
tial Good typing/ shorthand use- 
ful. Age 25+. Please telephone 
01-493 5787. 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street; 
London Wl 

(Recruitment Consultants) 

£9,000 neg. 

Personnel WC2 

With 50% admin content this busy 
position is seeking a candidate able 
ro matt deadlines and pnonbse. You 
must essentially be able to keen 
calm m a crisis, be sensitive to staf- 
fing problems and a typing speed of 
60 wpm is a must Excellent re- 
wards. lACftjdJng paid overtime, 
subsidised resBumt and flexitime. 

Organise Conferences Wl 

We are looking for a responsible, well-educawt unftroaKe SflOB&y to 
took after our small team of busy research economists. T he paw n K>- 
portfed wS tie responatila for the orgamsaM/T of ou r asfler pices groP» 
tistnoutton of ow publications » mil as normal seaeunai duties, irsis 
an Independent economic research organisation stwfymj the impact of 

ScSfiprSte essential and Ihr abilRy to use a word ptoco ax 
an advantage ■although we wM provide owing In Wordstar, shorthand is 
not reautfed but audio would be useful. 

FlexiKttnB hours, 4 weeks hofMary a yw. safety c £8,000 depending 

on age and experience + optional pensipn scheme. ■ 

Please send full cumadren vitae and owsrtng letter w mm Spencer: 


Tri*pfrorte Ol -636 37M 


Chairman o! International Consulting Engineers wish head office in London 
requires Personal Assistanf/Secretay. The is a responsible position requiring 
personality, tact abfity Q deal with diems and, al times, to work under 
pressure. Candidates must be able to work on their own initiative, partfcutarh 
during the Chairman's absence overseas and deal with non-tactaucel 

Applicants should be In the 28-40 age group sxl have a minimum of G yeas’ 
experience as a secretary: they must Tave at least 2 A fsvel passes and tithe 

appropriate secretarial staHs. 

Pleasant offices In Westminster. Working hours: 9.00-5.30 pm. 

Please apply by letter giving full detafis of treating tjuaBflcahms and experience 

Administration Manager 
Peter Fraenkel International Ltd 
Park House, 22 Great Smith Street, 

London SW1P3BU 

Personal Assistant/Researcher 

Economists consulting to major financial Institutions throughout 
the world from Wl offices require an experienced, numerate, 
intelligent team member. 

Assignments will be diversified with involvement in all as- 
pects ot the company's affairs. Specific responsibilities include 
office management and research support Computer knowledge 
is not essential as full training will be given but an aptitude and 
experience of word processing would be an advantage.- 

You ate over 25 (and probably Jess than 40), abte to work 
under pressure, happy in a small team environment and eager 
to team. 

Generous salary negotiable. 

Write and tell us why you are the one. 

Box No 2241L The Times 


Prestitfous City Merchant Bank whistles to recruit 3 Receptionists far their main 
Foysr area. 

The candidates between ages 24-35 wffl be vary wed spoken, seff confident and 
of particularly smart appearance. Previous experience a significant advantage. 
Tbu post involves receiving afl viators to the Sank, internal telephone contacts 
and dealing with bookings (or meeting/tmeh rooms. Circa £9,000 + excellent 
profit share and mortgage subsidy. 

430 1551/2653 



To Chaimnan/Managing Director 
Circa £10,000 

Required for International firm of Architects In WC2. Ex- 
cellent secretarial skills and word processing experience 
essential. Responsible position requiring well educated 
candidate with tact and ability to work wefl under press- 
ure. Contact with dients, confidential board matters and 
substantial PA responsibilities. Age approximately 28-35 

Please write enclosing CV to Box No. 1820 N The Time* ■ 


. . . could earn you £12.000 in your first year 
plus an excellent training. £7. 000 ( negotiable 
regulated earnings scheme}, early management 
opportunities and the backing of a £3 billion 
international group, if you have drive, initiative, 
good communicative shills, it's an exce//ent career 
move - take it Phone for details. 

01-837 0823 


£ 10 , 000 + 

Shorthand or audio is 
needed {although there is 
not a tat of correspondence) 
as secretary to the Group 
Financial Controller of a 
major and -test-expanding 


Are you interested hi working 
In Foreign Dept of a world 
famous newspaper, spedals- 
ing in Current A H airs. You wffl 
be highly involved and spend 
a greet deal of time on the 
telephone, contacting journal- 
ists etc. AMity to work under 
pressure is very Important as 
w efficiency and accuracy. 
Excellent skills required (SH & 
typing; and WP experience Is 
useful. Some experience in a 
similar environment would be 
a great advantage. Age 21 4-. 

of Bond St. 

Recruitment Consultants 
n No 55. Iran dost la Rmwidat 
> »-«2812M 

k ^£jvvc2 0V? 4 




it you want to develop your 
career and progress lrom seo- 
mortal to exawm leal. Ws b 
the position tar you. Become 
Involved ti me setting up of 
promo Banal cam paig n s , arrengs 
meetings and seminars and 
develop your communicative 
skOs enabling you to deal with 
major dans at tfw top lewd. 

If you can type and have soma 
rusty shorthand, call today lor 
real promotion prospects 
now on 221-5072. 



£ 10,000 

The fast-moving MD pf this 
prestigious Financial Services 
Co to Wl needs a highly 
capable PA to cops with Ids 
diverse work toad, organise 
Ms busy diary and deaf with 
correspondence. Financial exp 
□ref. Age 25+. $kflls 100 / 60 . 
Please call- 



Join trite well established linn 
of research consultants u 
secretary to a newly 
appointed executive. Set-up 
new office systems and 
develop a full PA ROLE. YOU 
should be team spirited and 
ioottng for an Informal 
atmosphere. 90/50 sktis 

YteS End 01-240 353V35TI 


UUC pwfa* 

^cmojnE Kind 



1986 is already proms w be «- 
trendy busy arid we urgemly 
require experienced, 
jecretanW *nd ware pro*™" 
(Merman » complement our «- 
ponding rempomy team- Wcotter 
acellept rates and a vanery of as- 
signmeflBta all arcBt * LjQd o ^ [ 
Cenuct bn Wri» aad jwt 


Mature Persona] Assistant/Audio Secretary 

Aged 25-35 

Minimum typing speed 70 wpm 
WC1 Area 

We are a smell twt rapid fy expanding corporalc finance subsidiary of 
a licensed deposit taking institution. ; 

"The Boas" - oar senior executive - is a ddtgfttfuL meucafoos 
geniknuu wilb a sense of humour who seeks an exceptional and 
adaptable "right-hamf* person to operate an IBM Dcjdaywniec 
(Will cross-tnun if necessary.) 

The salary wiD be excellent, reflecting the ability of the person 
-appointed. In addition, twice yearly bonuses are peyabfe. 

For farther information please contact Ms Jo Spearing, Office 
Manager, on 01-242 2563 between 830 am and 5.00 pm. 

No Agencies, please. 


harming person is required immediately for this 

tern and a busy Reception area, are you oepenoame ana sjiauy- re- 
liable? If you are aQ of these Things own come and work for os. We 
arc a yomu dynamic Firm of Surveyors who are prepared to pay 
lop moncy ’ ii expect the best. 

Our hoora are 9. 1 Sajn. - J.4jpjn. mid you wfll havp the benefit of 
four weeks holiday per annum. 

Telephone without delay for « appointrocai:- 
Fletcher King, 

Stratton Home, 

Stratton Street, 

London, W.X. 

TeL: 01-493 8400 

group of companies in Wl. 
You will . be involved in 
pensions. - • bonuses, 
shareholders. - statutory 
returns and reports. Age 

City 377 8600 
West End 4397001 

Secretaries Plus 


So do wa - that's why each of our consultants has per- 
sonnel experience, as much as to or 20 years and com- 
bines considerable recruiting expertise with a fnendte, 
professional manner. Your requirements era property 
assessed and relevant advice offered. For a caring Job - 
matching sendee tailored to your needs, either temporary 
or permanent, stop thinking about ft and call us - the 
specialists In the secretarfaf maricet 

City 3778600 West End 4^9 7001 | 1 

Secretaries Plus 

The Secretarial Consultants 

lies. I kaow you're 
l -back, Kiss Deacon. 

I«d still li^P to k* 0 * 
onto that excellent 
) temporary we got 

from.. .9 


/ I 1 ^ 

cjtyot~6q* wx/w»rmD0v4a>009J 

The first xuimbeis to ring 



Are you between 23 and 38-with experience in. administration 
and personnel? Do you also have excellent organisational 
skffls and can you work on your own initiative? Experience of 
payroll and SSP is an advantage. 

If you feel that the description applies to you we can offer 
you an interesting, busy job with the opportunity to broaden 
your experience. 

We offer a competitive salary, excellent working conditions, 
BUP A and other benefits. 

if you are interested, please telephone Miss E Pitts, 01-493 
6080, for an appointment Or apply in writing to Mss E Pitts, 
Kerr-McGee Oil UK Ltd, 75 Davies Street London. W1Y 1FA. 


required for .the partnership secretary of a large, 
architectural practice In Parkway, Camden Town. 
Applicants, aged between 25 and 35, should have good 
secretarial skills, office administrative experience and the 
abfifty to handle a vary varied programme of work. 

Hours of work, 9.30am to 6pm, Monday to Friday. Salary 

Please apply hi writing to: The Partnership Secretary, 
Sheppard Robson, 77 Parkway, Camden Town, London, 
NWl 7PU. 




No hassles. No let-downs. 
Just plain, simple, high 
grade temping, 

A tasteful package of top jobs, 
elite rates and thoroughly 
professional service. 

If you have sound skills and 
experience, you should be 
talking to The TOsi Shop’. 
Telephone Sue Cooke on 
01-409 1232. 


Consultant* 1 


£10,500 + Mortgage 

An Amariean Ssnicr Executive ot 
a leading US Bank requires a 
secretary to assist Nm in his 
work, advising, and meeting the 
needs of companies and Insti- 
tutions woridwBe. 

You must be young (25+1, stop 
and capable of ‘buzznn in an 

Confidence, and an excellent 
presentation as essential for 
efient contact 

Good secretarial sfcfls required 







S urveyor* require experienced 
Audio Sc u c my u work for 
budding surveying pannerGood 

icbinte tSfPlte sdDi and void 
processus* eipcrirn c r* rnewti sl 
diem contact end pfeawa 
erw ir oa ma n (dose to Bond Si 
total. Ability, to work under 

1— it" ** ib idf Aniftge. Stay 


Hesse write with M deodli to 
Simon Bfanfleo it On) Lantari 
& Co, 25 Gilbert Si. Gmvcnar 
Squire: Lontan. WJY 2£J. 
(Tefrpbonr: 0l-*08 2222). 


Two totally different but equally Inter- 
estng companies basad near ms 
Champs Bysees has top level vacan- 
cies for PAS. 0ns wS tvorfc for tin 
French Prnm of i famous pertam 
company and the oftar tor &» British 
Managing Draaor of a small fitavMy 
bwstiMrt compaqi Both companto 
seek experienced secretaries (Zti-30) 
with rimthand/lyjjHig skffls in French 
and Engfch. Tdaphons now to ar- 
raite an IntBrriew m Londonor Rarfs. 

. JWNwiBomUL.'W.V 

L* 4 r "V Secretaries 

■ 0! '431 71Q0 


Join our buzxy young 
porary team aha work 
variety of (ntareating di 

permanent lob ana c 
while looking! Skfis 80/100 
s/h or audio, 50+ typ. Age 
19-25. - 

Please rtng:- 





tndonal Conorinton in 
products aeskyrv a*o- 

totam ational conorinton in 
W products smk wv g»g- 
wiem twt togtasr treew® 

pwMntaiy to add to mef 

Maritethig T&em. Be guaren- 
tMd ■ on of a«b martnttna 
and. e ctrt tta t iaa on ot met 
new products wokMde ana 
ortysitoPQrt wkhtyptoasMte. 
EmAent earner proepMs. 

Are you a 
square peg 


time to do somdhmf about ll 
If you re an experienced senior 
secretary, HWiting temporary 

Ilf r? ‘rn Ti 1 1 1 ' lil 


TRADING £12,000"+ BONUS 


as adminfelration ot the group. Lola of dietA wrtatt amMolepbone 
work. French useful. Speeds 9£V60, age 20-25. - l ; 


An excellent job for a hard working secretary tin is_£Mtag off to 
public relations. Yoii wfif be working with presentations, press 
releases, journalists and wfthin a team of young friendly and 
hard working people. Lovely offices,' Covent Garden and Cfty. Speeds 
90/60, age 19-25. 

TM International lid. 
50 Hans Crescent SWl- 


South Keneington 

PareoMfSacrtearinraquiwttorr ■' 

S TrnSacrataryoMtMMuawn - * 


Ttw Kteto ert tar anwortw »d rwfort ■ ptowrtirt 

p ^ omsl 

to b#eo«MtavojvwJ In te aspects 
a) lt» *Prtcnnd bswyctod 1o work o wnsnil ipW * 

mponsMBty. For pete ft) wpiiriBnen® ***** tn>pN"kig, or n vriBn/mt to 
laarii Is dislitblA 

Mtnknun onWitteK 3 SCC XT *i%W ntw lneia*v_BntfUi UngMgp, 

pftAT T»4 Pitric end prMsgo Madiqn. 

Cnwntal Ro«L London W7SB0 

TMBMffMii inBmlOppbreiniqrErnptoyor. ' ... 


Fun secretarial rota requiring a faat ttWtinBL WBa presented »ncntaq; vH8l 
accuracy in S/H + audo, •» an ay far <»a Other nswn tete arK flmg Hy 
toi^takia taara atfitudeiwn aooker. AHty to writ t«tor<rttio«ti) antata 

Mostimporfart to cofnmon sane, toBatire. cqtoriBngunqre jugta lMit t wn . 
sxarn naufts. its a nv Busy * danumfing rota n return we qmr jra 

you haw to offar Card WWgta 



Most ta an nceawt tjpat tqjpy to tawfc a M Ml of ihjhn toft; 
dMte dvbi testa M wflag to Iwn o« ofWM tteoTnv wdoM te . 
jotano a tamr te« ri tew foowte iwMiantere mdaq n nbsMir ahftot . 
awwiadfagt Lmfcnt u lw y w>djwte*ta 

Tfc* Eiwrt Olrnetoi; NakyroOny* • 

. IBS llawBMd Stmt, Lm4m WIT 8L8. 

.BUSY bee; 

You are a top-tevel' sec- 
retary who enjoys: 4 busy 

demanding job and offers 

excellent shorthand and 
typing. (120/70) .together 
with audio and woretpro- 
cesslng skflls. As arrecu- 
five secretary 1o ttie Dkeo-, 

tor of the Finance Dfvlsftxr 
of a major merchartt bMc 
bi the City you wi ff receive 
exchBent. fringe bterePB 1 
including mortgage' aub- 
sWy. v r 

; Age 25-40. - 

QfySriMOO ; 

WestEnd 4397001 TT~ 


: 85CRE* 

01-499 6566 

01-493 8383 

Tli. ■ 


'BuJum s 


* Oaf At The Recesfl - 

Tha Wimbtedon finri, or a go# 
toumamsnti ... Just some of 
tlin cliwit events you coddba 
organisinn as- PA to tis Cfiant 
Services Director of this excit- 
ing advertising agency. The 
atmosphere is sophisticated, 
anti you will -be poised with 
good skills and buckets of 

CaM MooSa Wuesshnar oh 331- 


as^part of mufo- 
gsopfinay team, based on 
•wnaniaicmaiBL Abb 25-35,. 
Tel 01-935 2565 





fflgsa^fl»i& , asaB?st 

P*gfe * ffi * 9”? o fter top salaries and benefits to Mat 1 - 
cwbn secretaries. 3 , 



To pirtiom of smvBVfna firm 
tall# *#-■*> EWfiWO: tifeo gm- 
araf sseretary op to £8,750. 
Frlendp fcasy office, goad work- 

tog ccmStona, flexMkna. Hn- 
medate start'en advantage.. For . 
a. chat and interview arrange- 
ment* pMase phono Sarah on - 

01-351 4333 


Looking for an enthusiastic, 
responsible and organised 
Amai n to hefri a ttain on a 
fill 1 and' high powered 
project. Good typing and 
WP eaentiaL Salary flt.224 
•+■ profit share. 

Please apply is writing, 
enclosing CV, to N Boss 4. 
LBA, 30 Oval Bead, NWJ. 


Floating Secretary 

We. .am 4i. vacancy far a 
ByMfay bi omr 




Soper Secretary required for 
overworked Senior Partner of 
. Estate Agenu dose to Oxford 
Circus. Friendly, umaiikh 
office but expanding rapidly. 
9.30-6. __ 4 weeks' holiday. 
Previous experience in 
property and knowledge of ICL 
DBS 8801 Won Processor 
would, be usefoi but full 
training given. Salary around 
£10,000 plus hinge benefits. 

Ring 01-631 1923 Ext 6 

(No Agencies) 


We have super Jobs in the Arts, 
Jewelry Design, PR Charities 
and other areas naaefing bright, 
enthusiastic, young secretaries 
with good sJdfe. Coma and see 
us and we wffl ted you al about 
them. Our telephone number Ik 




Exewec (70/120H I AM. VP for 
Ser Dir of Mercham bank, deeding 
a ‘ParBjpn*. This is an exaring bat 
rewarding pneitioa, with full in- 
TChremem. Usual excel bens. . 

Tel 242 3276 
Tbe Satan Mills Portfolio - 



Superb office, very young 
atmosphere, usual senior sec- 
retarial duties. ArtfcufatB.-gDOd 
sense of humour. Excellent 
seiary -for the right person. 

01-602 8526 


Pason Triday, 25-30. Must have ex- 
ceftern secretarial skis with a work- 
ing knowledge of print production or 
— — h ttB a w 
Salary negotiable. 

CaB 486 3107 






(B0 Km South of Paris) 



BOngual (EnotatyFrancii) 
LocaOon. on adga of Forest - 
iM B i waJwv l Uieraty 

embunuMiL Phm sand dotntod 
cunfcuhxn vftea. btnfcion 
references, photo to: 

Service du Persoimel 
INSEAD Bd de Constance 


Seoetwy leqtatd to sol owpwr ■> 
K M g to fa i fta The past** riqnas 
aonaoaa vritb good ihorttanrt and a 
tawriadgs ol wort prams. 

tbe petition balds 48 Ita major fare- 
fax MUntafari w » a major Hopkyv. 
imfadfal fne ctrif Inch aad saaton 
tidal tan Ktane. for forttur Um- 
iretna. Brest ring Mr Coilatt oa 



Marketing Anistam requ ire d. 
App UeanM Rioted be in thrar tale 
twenties, bave good e ducati on a l 
l u w A g iiMiid together ' with 
experience » am fa rt im . 
advertising and prftukig- 
Secretariil daBi onentiaL 
Please telephone Mrs T Rawtea 
oo 01-05 9831. Sr GedrieTi 
College, 2 Arkwright Road, 
London, NW3 6AD. 


Two responsible secretaries 
required for busy Fulham & Chis- 
wick estate agents offices. Salary 
by arrangement. 

01-731 33 88 


SmaB. friendly firm of account- 
ants, London, W1, seek smart 
weft-spoken individual. Min. 50 
wpm (WP) exceflent working 

TeL 01-935 1339 



seeks completely bt-flngual 
German /E rag fish secretary. 



is available to help 
former students seeking 
posts which require 
previous experience. 
Contact the 

Appointments Secretary, 
St Godric’s College, 

2 Ark wrigh t Road, 
London NW3 6AD. 

zizz\rm!: h« taq 
. -f ■ r*ji-.*:ar:a 


Capable of providing first-class secretarial assistance 
to two busy managers required for public property 
'' hmiryoCSbesTfoar HoIbdrn.Circtis. 

Excellent shorthand/typing and audio skills essential 
as these win be used to the full. WP EXPERIENCE 

Salary £8,500 pins excellent fringe benefits. 

. . Plewe ring Canine Dixoa Smltfa n 01-242 6898 ‘ 
er send ydor-cv to her at: 

22-24 Ely Place, London EC1N 6TQ ■ 


required from 1 Fdnuuy 1986 far 
Prtfcjor in buy uxtlun of flic 
Mechamol Bgkuiig Dephokbl 
W ifli ngnm to fan wni pre cca nx 
U>™n* wffl bn.faveo) Ji nsentsL 
work*' ^ hofa&y + cxUacfayc at 
fWdm u and Exact; sextan tirto 
ton atenc; SMaxnd social faeffi- 
Tses. SortiHg nkrv (irnder rcvir») fa 
flft» + £1297 Lod- 
doa, Wejyhrini. ApflBcauoBs. with 

amadiin vitae, to Mn K. M Don. 

pewnmem qf Mecbaakai Bnpnta- 

SSt^fS* 0 — 

Covent Gaden' property developer 
has purchased Grade I listed bolding 
In Satb. so needs assistant to work In 
WC2 to cover }Vs frequent days stray 
from London. WP experience useful, 
but the job is a 4 just secretariat 
must be ready .b copatithafl aspects 


required for smart and very 
busy Knigbisbridge estate 
agency. Most brre carceUent 
telephone manner and mod 
typing drills and be able jo 
work under press ure . Salary 
area £6.500 with bonus 
scheme and review after 3 


Judy Farquharson Limited 

47 New Bond Street, London, W1 Y 9HA. 
07-433 8824 


Bright, kaan Asetobre naodad In 
MarrwUonW Sains S Accoures. 

Lively, young Secretary In fain this 
w el known pr ConnUancy. 
Plenty of variety & InvoWeme m . 

EanrnOU otmBBm mnt oood n npnMa e 

•my - fttedar. mm Hnnw - 
an Wenwt to veoilo - aMBca tnui 
aMk...Aadto Orta*. (MM Mas 
e n ow t fi i e r M u i m a w i n lin e « nimm i 

Sauce ■ Be lane* or IUH - ST/oei 
nor mmnmt pda aar Man 
WtfaMlne. Mna iS ii B la aga and 
ee w Mt. 

Mnwai tn WTttia wmi CV •) MSB 
E Unlnrt. DcoMSMM of DsarkM 
tebMW. feoMfcd C BBiBa. Lanfloo. 


ten Borina Weet End PR 
egency e eefc e to recriiB 2 co i ege 
toavere to Join as Sooratariaa. 
Excolent typfag sfcHs raqUred 
(45 from] but no ahorihand. 

B hacfc - 
«DVRQl«lli luCW 

^ftROIflE Kino 


fntnrostBd In something arty? 
Thta friendly twm of graphic 
designers neod a lively young 
sacretary wttti 45 wpm typing 
to be based In their hf-tecn 
reception. There’s lots to 
keep you busy as you’ll meet 
al their clients, help the 
senior secretary with typing 
as wel as keep an eye on the 
design team! An excellent hat 

^^eteplMBB 498 8078 



TlreeAesIs Research bait 
Energetic, adaptable medtoat aacretanr 
with ehorihand required by busy re- 
saarcb imit to asata in Iho organisation 
of GfofcaJ trial*. Work Includ es uf of 
woid processor and amal computer 
praWng wffl be given). 

Salary n» fae range aSffl81-Ea.758 (in- 
crease pendfag) accoidhg to age and 

AppUcottona including ful cuntoukan 
vttae and namaa of two referees itfwuH 
be sent to the Secretary, tang’ll Cojtoga 
School ol Matflctaa and Oanllstry, 
Owmsik HO, Uareton,SE5 BHX. 
Rather detato are avataUa Ita Uaa 
E Wtooaoa 

81-274 SZ22 «ztcniM 2442 


Gentlemen In elegant offices 
require ratable Secretary/ 
Receptionist to handle their 
business and paraonal affairs. 
Shorthand and audio aasandal. 
SUMO, hr* nagodabia. Tab 01-499 
S4S3 betwee n 9J0 - 140 and 2J0 
-44 4.30. 

mjscn. Join IMS under charily and 
become Involved me reeoo nsHUe 
function Out win toelude oroenMire 
a major ban. a my at the raem and 
outer tend rabtng evante. Igfa q t 
mvotwaoant aad variety ofiered. 
Sums 80 /SO wpm Bynnitf-J fc rf- 
cniURKSU consultancy. O I «57 9S9»- 



Required by MD of snuH. Maylar- 
based ntemafionaf corporate services 
Compaq lob-expanaon potential 
pan-lane or hfl-time conshfered. 
AnruaSsed reriumradon dra £8,500 
Call Mtogmt Hodno on 
01-499 2547 



Successful Knights bridge based 
property co requires PA/Sec (27- 
35) to Chief Executive. Exceflent 
skills (120/60) and the ability to 
take responsibility are essential. 
Property experience is desi reaWe 
salary ci1J,000 + good bowfits 
apply with full CV to Box No 
2276LTbe Tines 





The Docu me nt a tion Office for East European Law 
hac a vacancy fora 

university lecturer 
("docent”) (f/m) 

vacancy rvf~ 5-508/2543 

The candidate is expected to teach and lo cany out 
research activities in the field of Soviet law and/or law 
of other East European socialist countries. 

The position wiH include the dafty management of the 
English-language publication activities of the 
Documentation Office, La. the series Law to Eastern 
Europe and the periodical Review of Socialist Lew. 


- an American or British Commonwealth law degree; 

- native speaker of English; 

- good knowledge of Russian; 

- good knowledge of Soviet taw; 

- didactic qualities; 

- editorial experience. 

The appointment wW be for one year with a possibiEty 
of extension for a second year. After a two-year period, 
tenure may be granted. The gross salary will depend 
upon age, qualifications, eta. and will be in the range of 
DfL 40.000.— to Dfl. B5.000.— per annum. 

Furthar details can ba obtained from P rofessor P. J. M. 
Fektorugge,ttsl^ (office) (71) 149841, ext 41 4 or (home) 

Trade 01-278 9161/5 



Awactive efficient person 2jwo 
*nh bwndbase fa rental Louden to 

" oA Managfa, Director of 

“ companta principally 
WWW® aviation. AbcbTy to 
work on own iniikuinc essential. 
Maa be amnetalc and have good 
; reerctarial and adau niMia t i rg «ww 
taoreugh taonfedge of office no- 
cedure aad current drivfag n>— — 
Tbiijabisfiil] of variety and faia- 
eo. carries on ezodleniiataryaul n 
located in Ffflb«n/Bari» Conn 
Area. 5 wdi holiday pa. 

Plaaw Ideptwne liar interview 
BI-SS1 1597. 


Required receptionist/ secretary tor 

youH expanding practice in 
Smttmidd, good typing & 
orgmsafanal toJGty essential with at 
least i years office experience 
preferably architectural. Busy varied 
tob. in Hvefy interesting environment. 
£7,500 to £8,000 neg. 

Write wtthCV or Telephone 

Opportunity id get reafly Involved in a 
srrrtt tnendly. professional firm of 
Chartered Surveyors. As PA to a 
senior Surveyor who generates ac- 
tivity your general secretarial dunes 
wlfl induce lots of telephone work svJ 
tee oosahtwy of viewing property. 
MJafetmelleffi telephone manner. 
BO+sh/BQtyp and , 0's required + 2 
years exp. Age early 20’s. If yon are 
fflnng m time or arc undedoed wn 
may IBte to fain ow active temporary 
team. Please ring:- 

437 4187/89 

c£ 1 3,000 

The Senior Partner of Otis medium sized firm of Chartered Accountants 
in the City requires a totally professional and committed PA to 
provide full support hi all aspects of his business. You should be well- 
educated (‘A' levels or degree), highly organised and have the 
confidence to deal with people at all levels ana in any situation. There 
is a hioh degree of confidential work end client contact The successful 
candidate will be aged 30+ and have secretarial and administrative 
experience at a similar level in the City. Hours 8.30am-6J)Opm. No 
smokers. Please ring:- 

588 3535 

Crone Corkill 

RaeruKmant Consultants 

IB Eldon Street, EC2 




Creative Workforce are 
tookirw for the right person 
tor this expanding PR 
Co/Agency. Must ba able 
to type and work' under 
pressure. Please send CV 
to: Carol Hayes. Creative 
Worictorcs, Trident House, 
17 St Annes Court, London 


Are you a top PA/Secre 
tary who is capable of 
calming a crisis, enjoys 
working with creative and 
motivated people and has 
excellent skills? Then this 
would be the Job for you. 
The head of a top adver- 
tising agency is looking 
for just such a person to 
become part of the team. 

TeL 01-499 6566 
493 8383 




. 'c 

A Right Hand! 

For the Managing Director 
of a small Management 
Consultancy In the City deal- 
ing with the Financial Sector. 
Age 25-35. Soma short- 
hand-typing essential. 

Salary negotiable. 
Please call 


An admin orientated secretarial 
position for someone ideally with 
a knowledge of spoken Italian. 
Opportunity to carve a career in 
the 09 business while assisting 
the London based manager. For 
further details call Gary m 

437 5041 

Eqoiaax Res Cobs 

Verk. Asst/ 

ZwstspracMg, z. sofortigen 
Beginn. ZwsKsprache Deutsch. 
Voreussetzung; Gut os Stano u. 
Maschlne&ctiratben. Deutscher 
GahaRstarif 8 SoziaBolstungen. 
Btiro: West End. Schrtfti. Bewer- 

The Axel Springer 
Publishing Group, 

58 Jermyn Street, 
London SW1Y6PA 
(No Agencies]) 


age 28-35 

Required for extremely busy 
director of Health Leisure 
group. Able to work under 
pressure, also work long 
hours when necessary, 
shorthand required. Please 
send CV and fufl details to 
Box No 2278 L The Times 


far Swtfah connuhxncv company 
baud in Weunrimur. CyDmliaiB- 
■ar and Partner, Inunurional Ltd 
■re wdunf; u experienced acc- 
reiary will, ex ce llen t accrelarial 
and wganlaa ri n n al dulia tn work 
will, consultant* mainly fa (he 
offshore koina. WP an advan- 
tage. Salary £9,500 pa neg. 

Please contact Jane Speakmaa 
222 ft 151 
(No Agenda) 

of small 


organ Hatton of worn 

■Mr records in 
and WP tun, 
Hal and a calm personality 
would be a dMtnct ads antaoB. 
Salary £8250. review m s 

CV to Mr R. J. Falrbolre, Radfaid 
SreU aid Portaers. 98 Cbbiatok 
Kigli Rood, W4 1SH. 


£ 10,000 


Property Developer moving of- 
fices to Shoreditch requires 
super efficient PA/Sec to keep 
hini and Iks office in order. Ad- 
ministration of business and 
personal matters requires excel- 
lent shorthand typing skflis + 
kiteffigence and initiative to work 
on occasional research and pro- 
jects. March start Salary 
£10,000 p.a. + company car. 

TuL 486 4192 


c£1 0,000 

Seif awfitkaiT. an outgoing personalty 
and bags ol iretsathre wffl enable a gind 
PA is become part at this tugbh sw- 
oosh! cona du ncy team. You'! be 
grin |our own dianu lo deal with, and 
Hu. ugabar wilh an under3aidbq d 
new tadmohigf and the abifity to organ- 
uc yew am wariltied wii guvantee 
yout Ml mvnJvanent Age 2b+. Bug 

J^^StdU Frvj 


01-734 2567 day 
or 01-998 1774 evening 

Central London 

The firm ol Executive Search 
Considmnts needs a fast-dess, 
experienced Receptions!, 
whose voice ft appearance 
match their leafly beeubluf 
offices. There tS an eiectrone 
switchboard to look alter ft 
some 40 wpm typing. 

of Bond St. 

Recnntment Consultants 

No S5. |nm don ID Ftmrido]^' 

01-S29 1204 i 


A Seaenry/Receptionbn is raqurea 
by small advertising agency lo work 
with a Director In pleasant offices eft 
Baker St Must be eccureu typist end 
ueed to audio work. Shorthand helpful 
but not eeientiaL Friendy Informal 

£84100 aeg. 

Hobday arrangements Honoured. 
01487 4838 
(No agendas) 

PA/SacreKwy £9,000 

PrcsUOD pcHllloii for a conjldrnl. 
thorounhly capahle PA-Scrxelary 
Lots of miemtmonflf contact. Good 

Racaptionist/Secratarv £9.000 
Great oMioriiiiiitim are on Uic 
turnon if you arc ambitious but 
willing initially lo handle Reception 

r r ) 1 ■ 'jta'^ | 

“Co rffTi Jo feiri I^CrTtPl* i Btp mri *’> I 

jr ' ' 



1 SECRETARY (22+) | 

2 required to wort- re ran of a * 
2 small team In very WentUy iwob- T 
* erly company in tee St Jiracs's J 
J area Firsi-ctass salary paid lo g 
I light person with good skills J 

1 laudlo an advimtage but noi es- * 

f sen Mali ^ 

Z Apply with MI particulars and : L 

2 CV to: * 

f; Box No 1900 NTlM Tunas. * 


also on pages 32 33 

NORTH KENSINGTON. Attractive tin [ INTERNATIONAL dtwuutn urpenUv 

furn newly dec recently converted 
*fc a bed flat. Pitted ten. Mtiimv 
Close tube. £lSO pw. Co let 01-388 
3211. X 6227. Office 01-341 3107. 

THE LOHQ/SHORT LET specialists. 
We have a large selection of luxury 
1 ,'2/3/4 bedroom funs win, mow 
service. Interior designed and 
centrally Local ad. Angela wmtams. 
01258 3639. 

Fxrenen t 1 dtde bednn flat, brand 

URGENTLY REQUmED. - First dam 
properties tor long Company lets in 
Central London. Usual fees. Stums A 
Son 01-244 7441. 

CLAPHAM SOUTH. Large dottote 
room hi fully furnished 4 bed house 
m private square. Cite pan. 673 
1 131 leve*X 408 0677 idayj. 

AMERICAN BANK urgently reaulres a 
Mteetton of 14 bedroom properties In , 
B rtre svia. Chtteen. KnMiMxidgr. 
£200^600 pw. Burgess. SBZ 6136. 

HAMPSTEAD, NWS. Lux mod 6 bed 
hjpv ha" hie In fc acre s retrep. lux ; 
Ml* J baths. One. £i2COpw. neg. 1 
Trt: Selmans 468 88 1 4. 

S OUTH KEMSmOTOW in noor 2 
bedrnts. toe. etc. 2 on x 1 5ii. high 
ceilings, mod kK. all appliances, 
Mora, £34o pw. 493 209 1 rn. 

OFF ABBEY RD. NWS. Lux 3 bed 
Rmwb (mat, m select locatton. Thru 
Cge. p.w. Tel: 

bedroom OaL large reception, shower 
room. £340 pw. 948 6703 m. 

WfiL Kjr Tube. Gr n fiat recep. I able 
bed kAb. An appUancrs. off Si Pkg. 
N/S. £1 20 pw7727 >889. 

OUEENSGATE Large 1 bed balcony 
rut. 1st Boor listed building. CH. KfL 
Co/Hal M. £160 p.W.Oi-722 1632 

bed or fl pled a lore. £140 p.w. Co 
let 0227 65268. B341120VT}. 

DOCKLANDS. Flats 4 houses through 
out the Do ckl ands to let. Docklands 
Property Gmtre. 01-538 sail. 

WALTON STREET l bed flat s 'c. CH. 
jhyi Is KL £175— £SN50 dw. D1-SB4 


LAWSON 8* HERMAN - Diplomats S. 
executives urgently seek duality 
properties in ail central & west 
London areas. Contact Kevin kelly. 
01-938 3425. 

SWT. Lovely family house. ? receps. 4 
beds, new kitchen, dining rm with 
patio doors to garden. 2 baitn. fire 
places, newly dec. £400 pw. Cooies. 
828 8251. 

CLAPHAM. Lux garden flat- Fully 
furnished. 2 bedrms. North of 
Common. Attractive garden, own 
oarldna. tube 5 mins. Refs. UTS pw. 
Rlne 029 384 429. 

Helm Watson I 

HIGH GATE, 1 bedtiau PSUo. gdn. leL 
ore th.. Co leL £90 p.w. J. D. at CO. 
431 0245. 

PARK WEST. WZ. Selection of lux 

Cancfidates are tovited to sand a written ^>pD cation with 
lull tv. and the namaa of two referencas to Laidsn 
Uravefstty, Dienst Personeie an Wet^nszaken, P.O. 
Box 9500, 2300 RA LBDEN, The Netherlands, within 
one month. Pteasa quota fha vacancy reference. 

reqijire nan & houtev from £150- 
£20-30 pw. Please call Sally Owen or 
Lorraine Campbell Robert Bruce 3 
Plnrs 937 9684. 

F.W. GAPP (Management Sttittii 
Lid require properties In Central 
South and Uesl London areas for 
waiting appllcanis. Tel: 01-221 S83S 

and choose from l 5 star apts. central 
London Immedlste ■ advance rtser- 

vaOana - Tel. 9352412. 

i required by Pla?a Eaialcs. bee Non 
bee re la rial tarandc 
country lover. Modern house. 4 . 5 
beds. 3 rec. plus s-c ertmny annexe, 
swimming pool. 9 stobln. 5 
paddoejes. approx S S acres. Private 
access 10 600 acres of brauUful 
crown fores adlarenl lo me propena 1 
wnh last road links 10 London and 
station nearby, tills property benefits 
fro mo ported country srlUnn dose lo 
London i25 mins West End. in 
es enlng.'- For long or short lei at only 
£600 pw. Tennis court, horses, 
groom etc could be provided by sep- 
arate arrangement To discuss, call 
Bob Rothman. 01350 1920 lOdlCei 
385 7068 ics entngsi. 

LUXURY 5 bed roomed large Hal with 
spectacular slews. Part of a modern 
block in Increasingly trendy modern 
s icorage crescent This execute * 
home looks across the ti»<r i»> 
Ciehea. has bus seniees lo all parr, 
of London iHarrOda lO mins. 
PKcamib’ IS tnlrni and icl is the 
righi side of London for Heathrow 
Catwtck Alrperl Prtterage. partnyi. 
superbly carpeted S decoraled 11 is 
avau.jbif- lurnlshed or un/ J 
for a tonq or medium let. Price rta-yc 
£228J2aOpw Ol 228 796B 
M avi air estate agents - Bargrts 
aacUconu must have good sh. audio 
A typing skills A a ptcasonl lelrphciu. 
manner. Excellenl salary St con 
ditiara For appointment plo' 
■rlephone I he Personnel Dent on Ol • 

278 6925 

HARLEY STREET. P "B mew-s flat 2 
nuns Oxford St. Mod 1 bedroom (1x1 
In r-:cetleni cond. s. facing bale, full*' 
equipped Very gulel. £166 pw Inc I 
ch chw. 24hr pester. Minimum I 
mlhs lei. T>'l Ol 436 5741 Ascot 

NEW GARDENS, furnished flat lo id 
o'- Me bedrm. bate, dttingrm. wietieh. 

CH. own Irtephone i from door 
Rma 01 MO 8372 3 »-5am 
to 30=m opm lOpni. 

LANDLORDS. High quality proper i» 
in Knlghlsbrklae. Keftsinglon arid 
Chetoen. urgenuy required lo Id for 
deslrnblr tmanls. - Henry f. J.«mcs. 
Tel: OI 236 666 1 

ISLINGTON. NT. Charming CeargUn 
collage in quiet eulde-rie. OtAc 
recep. well equipped kitchen. CaLhirn. 
2 dble beds, small garden. Avail •. - 
ITT.. £169 pw. 359 2123. 

LARGE matched country collagr scl in 
rural surroundings on rountn 1 esiaw 
in Leice«er«hirc. available cn I«h« 
lecae end low rent If willing 10 
renovate. .0858166921. 

FULHAM, S.W.8. 4 bednnd fanill*' 
line close io luhe. 2 red rm. . 
Lilhrrvs. kil brVJsi rm all m«MiO. 

I sen. jvaii now tor long in £ 29 ? p.w. 

I Samml i Co. 736 560? 

MAID A VALE luxury furnished flol 
far Co let 2 beds. 2 balh. dinlno. 

1 lounge, merloolcs part £260 pw- 
Call owner on 04024 JS328. 
RENTING OR LETTING a Ital or house 
in central gw. SE London I ron 
£ICV?-£4C0 pw. snori «■ lane "rm 
Ivls HLT LrtUno Anenls 627 Ol • I ■ 
£105 pw. ?41n 9 mlhs. 01-289 3819 
c* ■- A w'ends *lf no reph Ol-ss* 

currently seeking good quality reniai 
occnm In Central London lor walling 
company tenants. ZBS 4000 'Tl 

KtnxrlKs m SI Johns wood. fW«f 
Pars. Mil da Vale. Swiss collage 4 . 
Harers; cod 01-566 tbsi. 

386 4000. 38S 4000, SSB'WOarnr 

number lo remembor when seeknw 
the tiesi rente! properties in Cen tra^ 
GW London £160pw .' fiSOOOpw IT* 
REGENTS PARK, oTaoklng Part- 
Splendid 2 bed flat dual rep. reejm- 
bate. kit. HR. Porter. £326 pw. Co l*». 
Barpate. Ol -734 3160. 
KNIOKTSBRItSDE. lrt * 2nd floor 
masoww. a dtuc n«K. recw Mi A 
bath. 1300 p w. Allen Bn:e» £ Ce 
499 1665. 




Paradise Walk, Chelsea, London SW3 

A new development by Wales Built Homes Ltd. 

n/1"V7l 1 Splendid newly bnat houses f 

I \A 1 and apartments m traditional 

LlrLJr L .J j style — constructed, fitted 

\ * Jj and equipped to the highest 

standards and in a 

\l~ flit ! Non-basement Houses of 

4-5 bedrooms. 3 bathrooms. 

p~~~~ ^'ir 2-3 reception rooms, small 

||Q I 8anten ' terT2ce and 

' v . KSm&?tethrooms. 

JV&w CampbelTs superb Show House at shower room. 2-3 reception 

32. Paradise Walk ( 01-351 6487) rooms, spectacular sun 

Open daily 10a.m. - 6p.m. terrace, separate garage space. 

__ -g’s-'t ruBw-MwR«wi £320.000. 

A T7T iT ,TS oTSIl 7654 Leases 99 yeans 

JV&w CampbelTs superb Show House at 
32. Paradise Walk (01-351 6487) 
Open daily 10a.m. - 6p.m. 


ru BnodMoa Road 

01-581 7654 

tda D66I WAE 

our rate for larger 





The Cheltenham Goldloan rate for 
endowment orpension linked mortgages 
is currently 12.9% typical APR 13.9%. 
Compare that with the rates offered by 
other leading building societies and 
banks and you’ll see just how 
competitive Cheltenham Goldloan is. 

Loans are available for mortgages 
of £30,000 or more, including 
remortgage arrangements. Naturally 
security will be required for the loan and 
the rate may vary. 

For full written details simply 
complete and return the FREEPOST 
coupon or, if it’s more convenient, call 
into your nearest C&G branch. 

^Cheltenham & Gloucester Budding Society. 

FREEPOST, Cheltenham, Qoucestershire GL50 1BR. 

Please send me hill written details on Cheltenham Goldloan. 


| Postcode — — — I 

i.raiu:r iwTNl^urr^ 


Over 160 branches throughout the UK. See Yellow Pages. 


Proftankmaiiy interior designed 
detached family house, Private 
driveway. 3 bedim 2 luxury 
baDirma. fitted kitchen. 2 rectw. 
Both with French doors onto lAOfi 
secluded S facing florai/fruM. 
garden. CCH. Garage. F/H 

Please l et Mr Magma 

01-S3BZ832 office 

01-M 4957 hocna 



Immaculate 4 doubia badroams, ,3% 
baths. 3 rccspts. American Kitchen, 

£51 5, BOB 

01-589 3654 


Baying a boose or an apartment 
la London but can't spare (be 
time and effort? 

Let the specialist act for voa. 

Telephone: (01)740 6527 
Telex: 897121 




An outstanding. entirely refurbished and nwdernifediw howe 
which has been most diougbifiiljy ptmnedand anangw . 

The property has been beautifitih'd«® ,r * l “" iroug " out 

Entrance hat double reception mom. kitchen. 5 bedrooms. 
independent central hradn&b^ quality carpers and omams, 
bras* light fining, and door himituie. cn trance phont garage. 
Mir Ajcte HOBART SLATER. lZACadejan Boss, Belgravia. 

London SttlX «PU TA 24S q M h 


Situsucd in this superbly romenient res^onaiMM^ja off 
Sloanc Square a beautiiuliy presented penod house with a. 
refreshingly different style and atmosphere. 

Reception Hall, drawing room, study, fciichcn/dminc room, 
master bedroom with bathrwm/dresang area en suite, 

4 further bedrooms. 2 further bathrooms. 

Rirfmem Ibr comprising: i rooms, bundiy/utility room, bathroom. 
Entrance phone, pas tired ■rentra! hearing and access to communal gardens. 



139 Sloane Street, London SW1X 9AY 

Straw roofs without worri^i 

and the time is right to buy 


4*k.Vy-\ ; 
i . t ;% ‘ 



* 316 times income or 2ft 
rimes joint income 

* 100 % mortgages up to £67,000 

* Non status loans up to 


* MIRAS over £30,000 

Ring (01) 235 0691 for full information 

25a Motcomb St, London, SW1 




WWi fto congenial atmosphere of an 
inspect ho«9». ttiia dsflglrtful prop- 
erty has a particularly attractive and 
matm raw garden. DW recap. dWng 
rm, A bods, study/bod 5. ktt. bath, 
vhwr im. gas CH, front and rear gift. 

01*937 6091 

(O LuU.UUU. riDQSv ioio^iv..» ; — 7' ' . 

figures higher than that We can also help you find a 

01-248 0551 

49 Queen Victoria Street, London, EC4 

By Christopher Warman 

Property Correspon dent 

It may not be the best time to move 
into the country cottage that you have 
always wanted, looking just like 
photograph on the calendar with its 
thatched roof and exposed beam . 
timber frame. . 

If. the worst of the winter is yet to 
come, the picturebook appearance of 
the country cottage in the summer 
sun might lead unwary buyers to 
settle into their home,, perhaps empty, 
for a while, in time to spend a month • 
or two in cold and miserable 
conditions unlike the dry and fiuiy 
centrally heated town house from 
which they have escaped. 

It is nevertheless the right hme to 
consider purchasing that thatched 
cottage. Quite a few have been for sale 
since the late autumn, caught and 
stuck in the run-up to Christmas. 

In the opinion of agents, however, 
1985 was a good year for country 
homes, whether for main occupation 
or as second homes, and there is no 
reason why 1986 should be any 

One Sussex agent, Donald Beale, 
explained: “Country cottages, as ever, 
have been very much in demand with 
some high prices being obtained. With 
the passage of time the supply of 
cottages requiring renovation inevi- 
tably decreases but the demand is as 
high as ever, even more so if the 
cottage happens to have a' little bit of 
land with it.” 

Several ways of reducing 
the risk of fire 

While more people are willing to 
take on properties in almost any 
condition and spend time and money 
to modernize them, thatch still 
worries otherwise enthusiastic pur- 
chasers because of fears about its 
laoting qualities, the danger of 
burning, and the cost of insuring it 
The thatched cottage is among the 
most aesthetically pleasing homes, 
and thatch has its own practical 
advantages, able to compete with 
other roofing materials for insulation 
and energy conservation. But it does 
have drawbacks that must be 
overcome- It needs regular mainten- 
ance and any Homages should be 
repaired quickly. . 

There are several ways of reducing 
the fire risk, including foil chemical 
treatment, and chimney liners, but 
there is another difficulty - some 
owners have trouble finding a 
thatcher. and even then have to wait 
because this rare breed is in constant 
demand. „ . . , 

Among the specialist bodies which 
look after the interests of thatch 
owners is the Thatching Advisory 
Service, which began life as a 
conventional thatching company and 

Restored Collabear House in nortii Devon, 16th-century 

now provides a protection scheme 
which includes an annual survey, a 
24-hour emergency service, ana 
reduced insurance rates. 

In the most recent bulletin, the 
company was concerned with the 
criticism that thatched roofs last only 
a few years. It states that at the very 
worst, a long straw roof (made or 
threshed winter wheat straw and m 
common use throughout the country), 
if badly put on. will last for 10 to 12 
years. On the other hand, a well laid 
long straw could remain sound, u 
properly looked after, for 20 years or 

Combed wheat reed, also known « 
Devon reed, normally has a um 
expectancy of 30 to 40 years. Water 
(Norfolk) reed, the best thatching 
material, should last 60 to 80 years. In 
each case, the ridge which bears the 
brunt of the weather will need to be 
replaced every 12 to 15 years. 

In addition to the Thatching 
: Advisory Service (based at Finch- 
ham pstead, Wokingham, • Berk- 
shire. 0734 734203), CGA (In- 
surance Brokers) Ltd, a subsidiary of 
the Country Gentlemen's Association, 
offers special rates. There are many 
among the 50,000 or so owners of 
thatched properties who pay a much 
highw premium than for other roofs, 
up to 100 per cent more. CGA, which 
first produced a comprehensive 
thatch insurance in 1968, claims to 
have reduced the premiums during 
the period from £6 a £1,000 to as little 
as £3 a £1,000. (Details from CGA at 
Icknield Way West, Letchworth, 
Herts SG6 4AP (04626 2377). 

‘ Of the thatched properties on the 
market, Gable Cottage, Upsher 
Green, Great Waldingfield, near 
Sudbury, Suffolk, must be one of the 
most picturesque. Grade II listed, it is 
believed to date back to the 14th 
century, has all the exposed beams 
inside and out that you would expert. 
The property has been modernized, 
has two bedrooms, two reception 
rooms, a large kitchen/breakfast room 
and ntanrin in balf an acre. Bairstow 

Eves’ Sudbury office - is - asking 

Humberts’ office m' Fewsey, -Wilt- 
shire, is asking £95,000 ftr -Picketis 
Cottage, Wootton Riyera,v Madb* 
rough. Probably early- 1 9-ecntury, itis 

timber-framed, and ■ brick-dad and 

has many original features among its 
three bedrooms an d two reception 
rooms, and is described -as- a 
“spacious” village house, having until 
recently been occupied as two 
dwellings. r 

The same price. £95,000-, -is being 
asked for an unconverted . thatched 
barn. Mill Farm Barn, in Nutbourne, 
near Pulborough. Sussex, which is for 
sale through Clintons’ Mayfair "office. 

Yeoman’s honse boilt ■ 
of stone and cob 

It has detailed planning : permission 
for a four-bedroom family house. 

Strutt & Parker often has thatched 
cottages on its books, and it has several 
in Devon. CoUabear House, at 
Tawstock. Barnstaple^ north Devon, 
is a restored 16th-century, Grade- U 
listed yeoman's house buQi of stone 
and cob tinder a recently rcthatched 
roof It has a fine 16ih-centufy front 
door, and I6th.and 17th Century oak 
panelling. • 

Situated above the valley.' of the 
River Taw, it. has three,. reception 
rooms,' five or six bedroomk . out-, 
braidings arid a garden with paddocks 
of about 27z acres. The . agents, with 
Phillips, Sanders and Stubbs of 
BarnStaple, are 'seeking £11 5, (XXL ' 
Nation Hall, is another -Grade II 
listed building, a 17th-century Jong 
house, . at - Drewsteighton. Devon, 
north of the Dartmoor national-park; 
which is built of granite and has feeea 
rcthatched. With ■ three reception 
rooiris, four bedrooms, with, .an 
attached cow byre -which could 
provide further .. accommodation if 
converted, the property stands in half 
an acre. It is for sale through Strutt A 
Parker at £110,000. '■ '. ,u ' 



1 bed. nap, til & stumer rm. E125pw. 
Go's only. 

QUEENS GARDENS WZ Newly turn 5tti ftr 
flti wwi til 2 tads, meep/w tm, WB. 
UCb/CHW. £250 pa. Co'S only. 

rawed. We* bated 2 dbb bed ML 
reap. K&2B*. CH/CHW be. £160 pw. Co's 

SKI. S-jpofc bngfa testeWly dee untum / 
fun net 2 beds. 1 boh. 1 shmwnn en 
sum, map. bt/b'tesL 6CH/CHW. £300pw. 
Co's only. 

PtMUCOOFHCE 134 7316 

SINS. Newly de& & hra. 1 bed Bat witti Ddn. 

reap. W/b'tat, bah. pch/CHW. £120 [»■ 
Co's only. 

PimeEY. Ba m good locam Z tarije bete. 
receptor wan tab. K4B. GOI/CHW. £150 
jm Co's only. 

West London office 602 242S 


Pr o f es sionally and modernised vie 
terr house. Donate rseep. hujo 
OttMl Ml /diner. 5 bedims. 2 
batnrmn 1 1 en Minn, eoroeo 1 . 
cellar. sUi^adiio wooed gdn. 



C ^S2^dmo?Wi * SSSS VV2 3 beda. 2 reeeo. 2 bom. Hatin 

ESJ'lmdio nfli C25XJOO ind luxury' Dlocic opp. Hy dd*P*rk. Pi m rlpab anti rcuintd 1 ® an 5 T S5Sr‘ 

«■ K C ^‘ rjr deuum oprisr irtoWWDe OTKJ84 



For buyine your borne we tiaijc A 
FLAT FEE of £175 1+ YAT & dii- 
buneownis) for properties np to 
£100.000. Competitive tala aborc 

ClOOOOa Monjases ammed- 
01-556 1328/9 

SAVE TIME] We offer a property 
finding service for those wishing. In 
mSror rein Inw&sw imstai OJamcu 

or London. Addldoiud jwnrtce* ‘ - 
surveying. con\ey»ncbig ett. 
Ai I miiKd V reoulred J-MJ. 
fiSSSfiSdersOI 9A64S76. 

FULHAM 1st floor net 
Rccep wlih Balcony I bed. Bath with 
diowcr. Fully ftt kitchen. Parking 

centre with Indoor pool I n lan dscaped 
«Td>w. 998 yrs lease. CT7JSOO. OI 
Sisi sa or aaas 



Newly decorated flat with small 
patio garden consisting of 2 
double bedrooms, sitting room, 
dining area, bathroom and galley 
kitchen. E150pw 


Basement Hat near to South 
Kensington, newly decorated & 
double glazed throughout 2 
bedrooms, bathroom, shower 
room, reception and dining 
room. £300 pw. 

01-937 9384 
Telex 894568 


Beyond the elegant Lutyens facade of Grosvenor House, lie the 
most exclusive private apartments in London. Serviced by a 
hand-picked permanent staff of 150 people, from valets to 
antique restorers , they are offered with a standard of personal 
service rarely found in the world today. Every detail from 
hand-ironed shirts to your favourite mineral water to a 
specially prepared private supper party is taken care of. 

quietly and unobtrusively. And i f you tire of the impeccable 
• round-the-clod* room service, there are three fine restaurants 
to choose from, all within Grosvenor House. Youli also have = 
access to the private pool and Nautilus-equipped gymnasium., 
And one thing more. %e world’s most exclusive address - 
Park Lane, London. . - - 

^ more i n fo rTBat l° n us** 1 01-499 6363. 



Alhisthuuse Forte ExdUMVtf Hud 

Tirnsthoase Forte Hotels 

An uncommon sense of occasion 


S'SWrr ai-Sa -SS.-S 

609 0140. 

W14. MP-CUUI...1 WJSL^ I 

odn.aTnfii .ooa bi-451 yrzs. 


OCH 99 year lease. 
£52.000. 01-229 tboz. 

All. OFFORD 5gAO- JLW«I ^ 

IF YOU ARE BUYING or selling prop- 
erly 386 4000 H the number to rtnq. 
The bed property sen Icc in Central. 
wSrSmT Londoa t> awaiucs 
your coll m. 

ELB1N CRESCENT, wi 1. Qarrlrn flat 
awTieST large lieep. UL faoUi. «3S 
CH, private «4n ahd ewnmunal wins. 
Lm 96 y n. £6 fl .BOO. Anthony Hill ft 
Co. 2290072. 



MAI DA VALE W9 - 3 be d ramati 

& srs? ■srss 

Howara Estates. 

VW. LEX HAM G9NS. Newftf wnw2 
fun fadng sth over Btos. foe 


bainrta & Wtelten. 456.960- 01-991 

BAtiER STREET NW1 CUT. Freehold 
B rSSS5d wSat Of a s/C naw 
qj vacant freehold C 4 90.000. 
Unrass LML 602 6S*. 


property &***• 01-790 96ea 


FURNISHB) town house flireetty opp 
park m exceUent dec order & ready (or 
jTimeri occu pation. Elegant 1st fir 
reception rm. master bedrm, bathrm 
enstdis. 3 luithm bedrrns. 2nd 
bathrm. dining m. mod lit with fitted 
machines, patio/gtin. garage 1 yr + 

KENSINGTON 1st fir Hat in -jreH mam- 
tamod &' secured block 24 hr porter- 
age 2 dble bedims, elegant reception, 
during mi, wed fitted tot, dtora. 
bathrm vnth shower. 1 yr Co tel SOM 



tOAD, W14. 

4 bedrooms. 2 


Fum/uifum housa. 4 bedrooms. 2 
recaps. 2 bsthrms. kit garage, 
garden. £500 pw. 

floor flat Lift porter. 3 bedrrns. 
dMe recap, kit bath, fufly funv 
£395 per. 

Excelent hrmlstwi 1«V2nO floor 

mats. 1 bed, recap, “t baft. £200 

352 8111 


MARBLE ARCH, ism location. SMf 
^eonuurafOriirnBlwtl MMrUM 


An immaculate newly modtmlsed and 
MsflOf flesigned 2 bsdroom Rat ben- 
efiting from patio garden, siting 
room, dining room, new fuOy fitted 
lutchen and bathroom, cloakroom, 
2S5 pw. 


01486 5991 



Tlw LettiiiKA.wntii 




W 0 have selected drams 
who are urgently seeking 
rentals erf superior properties 
in favoured London districts. 
A full management service 
is available. Phone today. 


Hampton & Sons 

Period house. South fac. 9ar°“i:JK2 
Adloi nUta reception room* 
mw Cl 98 .OCX). T. HoaWna- 7309937. 

FULHAM SW8. 2 bed spat Level 
rammlon In convenient wch* 1 '; 
E75.000. Tei: 01-289 0104/5 

Howara Estates 

£555. F/H cmsMo. unroot 
SrrATES 734 3953. 

7343983. , _ _ 

barbican ECZ. An jmaraft 2^ 




SS^n.i SfflSii S5 

HOLMANS. 3706781. 

WEST MMSWOTOW nweb newbr 

SSKlSSfs^uffl c£ B T l 3e v ^». 9dn - 

jrauwSlt T *< 875 4423. 

fjdnwn* 770 6781. 

WM. 1 odrm. Wmv not. 98 yr 
£4&50a 581 4308. 

f arrar;slead &'.-glyn- 


Ws lave agwrt se/Wtoi rf 
porsonstly nspecfeitf fiants/tetf and 
anfmisfwd propert&s in many Una 
residential districts ranging from 
£100 pm U £2.000 pv. 

Tel: 01-486 8926 


'V ,0 1 -223. 8,1 1,1 • 


In the hem of the village delight- 
fid 2 bedroom. 2 bathroom apan- 
mcm. Mintin g from the heath 
and underground. 

|MAL FOB VWrrpBB. South 

art John’s wood, hws. 
Handsome weU deconued 2 
swrey OmriMn townhouoe 
with pretty paw 1/2 dWe re* 
esouans. kllctien 2/3 dble bed. 
rooms, bathroom, ctkrro. uttUty 
room, playroom. CAaoewneo. 
.MAYFAIR, WI a superb oppor* 
mnlty to rent a m e cta eo l ar 
spsetaus 3rd floor flit Ht In 
handsome block. 3 receptions, 
kitchen. 3 double b edrooms, i 
smote be dr oom. 3 ba U numu s. 2 


i nsHfimw Silly serviced self contained 
l bedroom flpL fitted. Jun com* 

ptcidv i rdm a n tcd. SmS privaic xd> 
den. Colour T.Y. Daily 'Maid Service, 
Linen. CJ5_ I i^in. Hot water etc. 


SuhaUe for profesMotol male £1 50pw. 
Available, now Jbr 3 to 12 months. 
Telephone anytime /private number} 


sUnfiar area. Ftaase eft* ™ for 
RortCiooyw^aooyw- » r: . - 

B1RCH A C0 ^ 


IBJIZE PARK, NWl. Luxtgaoous: 
Mrnom. 2 rcteptJon mrmtrn. 
r ITS pw iim. Alterman Kane. OS- 
436 8216 

WR1GL£DOI<. ourmtng hss. 3 dble 
W^ariewft kK ** Igft 
£ 1.000 pern, wuium ft Son. 01-947 


Pawsham PtacoSW7 stumftgmows 
hu wflh root i«tic 8 ft ags. afl bada, 
2 bafts. 1/2 recaps, khEBOapw 


Elsgam 2nd floor tat wlft Bad IwnWv 
ftg. 3 bods. 2 bafts, reap, Mt 

581 7646 

KEJsS InaTtML Pretty owners own 
JW- 1 bnd. recep. k ft b. SXTO p.w. 
SunUar. 2 bed at C27B p.w. AOsn 
Bates ft Os 499 1666. 

HSpYii J1UWES Contact us now on 
8861 *or the bat seiecaan of 
rornghrt Oats ^ houses to rent In 
Kn la hlih ridBe. Bdoravla. Chdeea. 

! Mjpp ag !5 


'! 0 rrK 

l i°bh 


* * i 

■7 -S?» 


a house 

ontheHfeath ’ 

■ lnverforflrtfou3e,<rtNofthe^ tir^t 
stands oaone of the htahhaj 1 

potato ofLondon and Is almost W 
8 tnrwit^^|^mp«tead Heath, rt was . . 

fonnertylrie home of Lard LevBrhufrne 

rt tott>a mdu^MOmopaadic Soctotv in • 
I^SLw^oTw^usedasfihosprtaJbutis • *- 

IBOT.ffiqbfff flwMhre p acre s , was first • ; v : , • 

««fbfs.spodohnGurTw ‘ - • . 
'Hoare^mbom there and later V . ' ,j 

jHwtor-S. '■■ -■ 

■dn the gfotirKte to aQnfoen Rated pefoata- ■ 

: bufltaartythis century; wttich Is tobSS? ■ 
<toa?*to to the Greater London Councrior 



^ Z Z'm — “ ^wh vfumiui or 


because It does not Know wtwtttmfeht-. . 
fetch, ottwttan suggesting '■mlffions". 
Drucs soW Wrtanhurst nearby last year for 
£7 mSBonand 2s clearly hoping for a vety' 

mam m :y^ i g 

tg&ghgjC~ j ggtt 


ilMMitKnftln 1910 at Lamoma, near 
Penmce, Cornwall; and standing in « 
vaHw which toads down to 
LamotnaCove.'ras recently 
mod^ulzAd house -hasthras recaption 
rooms,* south-facing gardwt and 

* forsato at 

around £115,000 through Jacksoh-Stops 
jutd Staff’s Exeter Office and Jaime and 
Yates of Penzance. 


■ The flatin Canonbuiy Square, 
JsSngton, north London, where George 
OrwaH Jrved froml 944 until his deattitn 

1 949. Is tor sale throtwh Roy Brooks, h Is' 

the top-floor fiat in a Grade U Bated 

The, new frontage -of Paradise Walk, Chelsea, with its houses and 
apartments -designed to blend in with the existing jt iy ^ m ding Hj as 
- — - - ‘ drawn by Albany Wiseman . 

Traditional lines for an 
old London village 

Chelsea is one of London's oldest planning requirements, hut they have 
villages, with " records going back to a third floor at the rear. 

jjU JfZ 'Sg' °ZiiJ i SLS r ' *5 ..IMS PY« space for four or five 
Upf-— ftc mji.t," j ®ynod there, well bedrooms, three bathrooms, and two 

Domesday Book. ° ** * ■ ^ a£e m t ^ e or three reception rooms, with a fairly 
uomesday Book. b - Mtch tl, h-SE* are fiin £ 

OrweScffose the top flat so that he could' 
“more easily get out on to the roof to put 
out the Are bombs”, he explained to 
friends, and It was whfle he fived at the flat 

trial his Animal Farm was published. His 

The flat has a dra 
bedrooms, and a 
bedroom).' • 

one night fo ten her ‘Tve been 

xwkshop I could in London 
'malFarm off the children's 

room, two 
3 room (or third 

Sussex, Is one of a few former to! 
houses toft to the county, dating - 
probably from 1757. The Dated singto- 
storey house, recently aiodenrizecL has 
two bedrooms ends sttttng-tfnfng room, 
and bfar sale at E75JDOO ttirough iang 
and Chasemore’e Petworth office. 

A lord’s money house 

■ The Court House at Brqtton, near 
property used at one time for trie 
coflectiod of dues for Lord Bath, and Is 
reputedly where Judge Jefferies held - 
assize on occasions. The present owner 
is appropriately a magretrate^and the 
asking price Is £125,000 through 
Humberts’ "Chippenham office. There are 
wa bedrooms-and three reception rooms, 
wffli $ QfBgnfScent carved chimney piece 
in the drawing room thought tohave been 
installed in 1626 . . • _ 

It really became feshionable- for 
the first tune - much later, when Sir 
Thomas' More built himmlf a country 
house and was followed by the Duke 
of Norfolk, the Earl of Shrewsbury 
and finally Henry VTTT so that 
Chelsea' became known as the “village 
of palaces". 

Paradise Walk is a quiet road 
tucked away in old Chelsea off Royal 
Hospital Road, between two of the 
area's most famous surviving land- 
marks, both built In the ] 7th century 
-the Royal Hospital, and the Chelsea 
Physic Garden established by the 
Apothecaries! Company in 1676. * 

In recent years it -has been a rather 
tatty comer of the village, dotted with 
warehouses among the houses, .but 
this is now changing Wales Built 
Homes bought a site in and behind 
' Paradise Walk, which h is clearing and 
replacing with houses and apart- 

.-'The first phase of eight houses and 
two maisonettes has just come on to 
the market .and already several have 
been^ fol d, four houses to . the 
Henderson, prime Residential Prop- 
erty Fund, which is dearly convinced 
that this is indeed a prime develop- 

The terrace houses, of stock brick, 
are designed to maintain the tra- 
ditional character of the neighbour- 
hood, and the estate agents' descrip- 
tion that they are “deceptively large” 
is justified. From the front they are 
..twp jrtoreys high,, to fit in with local 

planning requirements, but they havd 
a third floor at the rear. 3 

This giyes space for four or fiva 
bedrooms, three bathrooms, and two 
or three reception rooms, with a fairly! 
big kitchen. The kitchens arc fully 
equipped and, reflecting the latest 
ftshion, include a microwave oven. 

They have no basements, and this 
again is a response to demand. Both 
builders and the agents -W. A. Ellis - 
believe there is a slight aversion to 
basements, partly because of the fear 
that they might be damp and partly 
because of the need for easily 
manageable houses with as few stairs 

Car parking space in 
the communal garage 

as possible. They point out that in the 
same area, there are many Victorian 
houses on four or five floors which 
have no more space. 

Each one of the maisonettes has 
three reception rooms, one with two 
. bedrooms and the other with three or 
four bedrooms, and all the units have 
a parking space in a communal 
garage. The two houses now released 
cost £455.000 and the maisonette 
£320,000, for 99-year leases. 

Two further houses and one 
maisonette will come on to the 
market within six months, and next 
year Wales is planning to complete 
the next phase of the development, 
behind Paradise Walk, which will be 
mostly houses. 


The Barratt Premier Collection touches which make life so much more 

is a completely new range of over fifty 
individual and innovative house designs. 

, Homes to suit eveiy taste and genei 
pocket at prices that range all the way uniqv 
from £20.000 up to £500,000- Bam 

Each home sets brand new stand- ^ iUTa 
ards in living space, specification and ® ox r 

And they’re all. just brimming 
over with those extra special i 

Barratt 4* 

touches which make life so much more 
pleasiuit and comfortable. 

For fiilldetails of this exciting new 
generation of homes and -our four 
unique show villages, visit your nearest 
Barratt development or write to: 
Barratt Information Service. Post Office 
Bax no.*!UD London W1 A 4UD. 

WARWKX (i mile). Fmwiu 
tKtwd mm S beds. cw. qh 
O gan^coaatry. 002.000. to 


Wfc lav* a fully retained cfant seeking 
a house of character ii Is own 
grounds in the price range £250,000 - 

Ail enquiries wffl be treated at the 
strictest confidence & should be ad- 
dressed to The Gauntry House Dept 
AbboBs.11 Duke St 

Chelmsford 8326S 

tie* J fcnay feme m^ifalc Ol JJ Bimn drvplnpmmts luiufruxlr widviji our Jvm «, iJLpv* w rirmin^Lm, IlnuLm R ( iu pm Mum lr*i k i 


A small select group of architect-designed houses of outstanding quality 
offering spacious live bedroomed accommodation. Each house stands in a 
. folly landscaped walled garden of size from about teto-Ve acres; 

Priced from £525,000 Freehold. t 

• Details: W. A. Fills and Wates 
built homes. • •; 





The RITZ Presentation, Piccadilly 

g|4 J®eds. & Thurs. 29/30th January Sr 26/27th February 

Marie Antoinette Suite, IX am - 8pm 
K)K nwromows COmACT: Aranco Overseas, 40 Old Bpqd 51, W.l. 
Teh 01-409 1848/1790. Telex: 267414 REMJY 0. 



nn«fm wcAdurfwG resort, jus 70 mminesfroa Gowva . . . Snmwne . . . Umng 
. - - stating, . . Svinouqs ■ . . golf. . . hone-riding ■ . . super b latnraiiA 
Aops.. .fa tena tio niJ icbooti.. ...efl seta wooded riopes wi th v u u nint 

‘ mountain 

AD tbii - and more - jm wflt find at VILLARS -a Ustoric yilagc wSb ■ 
»q *i W c« i rf yclMn»eBy«iB^ 


Tim turn— eappocwafo tarimlaii iri irm 

Hxccticnl rooomc poieotial 

A sakpiecoalccpiia setter CuDy serviced apaitmoiiswdhaOlltetKafi ties of* 
hixaryhoict -indoor pool, sqnadi. baa, resatmm.eic. 1 so 4 room apet froa 

Up » 80% Swiss finance avaflabfc u tavomaUe reran. 

MeeHheSwba dmiiplf at THE MAY FAlK HOTEL. LONPOM. WL 
10- Spa 

■30 A 31 JaoBarjr A In February 
For deals and appointment csoiact: . 


422 Upper SkhtaandRMd Wot. bJ TaSIilS^ 
Timd anSWMTZX- . .. W«B D 6«CB 

Trlrphim dl-STS BB ' 

Tf«napg ..-.- ^- 2? 


La Granja is- loaned vritinn annnbty oae of the most impressive 
resdanial estates oo the Costa Kukb. 

This muoiGceni viOa is arduKctmBfly des i g ne d and built to exact- 
ing standards on afl a eminence overlooking Denia Harbour, and 
emoying soperb sea views. . . 

BrrcDy the accommodation construes reception, dining, ran loun- 
ge, kitchen, wine cellar and utiliiy. four bedrooms and lhiee batb- 

non. ...... 

Though not remote, privacy is achieved by its own grounds and 
wefl matured landscaped gardens. Naturally tbe viUa has its own 
swimming pool and has the additional &dHty of a doable garage. 

All local shopping facilities, bars and restaurants arc dose at hand. 
I ntr wti Q ii if in ip p weBilfiiliit fine home. 


Contact La Onuyaj c/o VUbu Ferrer, 0101 3465 785925 
or evenings in the UK 02)449 0201 



NOHTHUNfSEHLANO. Rrttramcnl or 

WAMTID for manin Jane ’B6. Luxury 
nfjwn iwoe. 4 beds rain. Nice 
ftiSi frwhoU ’ t «1*P*hn» Ol -630 nmtkundlnas. Near London. Phans 


vutamaan. vale He Lobo. Qumte. 
plum m wide mgr of r ulm t p W pe 
Hem. Chartered Snm»OTi In Len- 
don mg Algnvt QuaUljr mu cw- 

atructlon manrtea - an araem. 
eo Rwni StresL London. Wl 
01-734 6080 


700 n n. 1 tworoom/ruuv fur- 
nished. limply wsSte-la flaL avan- 
aUmar JuMa biacb. Conran P.O. 

is a sparkling residential development of high quality 
housing occupying a beachsidc position between the 
renowned golf courses of Vale do Lobo and Quinta do Lago 
in the Algarve. 

Pretty village houses of two bedrooms/two bathrooms from 
£44,000 to £50,000. 

Superb detached villas with luxurious swimming pool and 
full landscaping from £90,000 to £ 1 30,000. 

Please ask for the lull colour brochure. 

Sole Selling Agents 



9 Heath Street, Louden, NW3. 
Telephone 01-435 2299-Telex 25480 EQUES G 



aid. 9 mOea w«at of Saflwrary. 
KU/Brcnkfamt room. Dm room. 
Lounor with tagtenoDk, Study. 2 
Bath. 3 Bad. 3 Attics. CH. Garage. 
Car port. Card an. Quick cate. 

' 0722 ■ 790220 or D7SO 


Offers Invited 

Fdr Sab - A unique devetapmeoi of 
fine Keatiifa Bans is a rural location 
with phnainy CODKOI for 

couveraon into' lis reridential units - 
easy acceas M2. M20 and muL 

Offers around £50,000 

A charming period cottagr with 
fruaujc onto River Medway in his- 
toric vflbfE and aa seen on many 1 
durable boars and calendars. 

For further details 
ftabbs Farter 

I Fad flag Lane, MaUrioae. Km 

. Maidstone 50971 


Attractively furnbhad Duplex 
apartnwnt e ompnatu n 3 beds. 2 
batha. largt touwt and MM hit- 
own. CacvDent poMtson tacino aea 
and with direct aeean to beach. 

£100,000 ono 


Just on A*, HeaSmm a mb. H«b Put 
Corner S mb|. 1 yaer-OM ptapoH butt 

ground Boor H h praaNglnua davttopmem. 
moRnlMMlnw b a» aocnL ttrdy/ 
fiattaL tM MwWnaa. Un-MrSaa Buber 
orp« mrougnauL ooum gbeted Ovnugn- 
euL Cm ear pnMog ipeee. 

EBVM far prompt atta 

Tel: 01-870 6530 

Strutt frParker^rl 


Dowr 6 mbs (Victoria 1 *: hrs) 
US.'AZZii mfles. Canterbury 10 mass. ' 

A Ftaa Gatopba Heasa wflh mIIiiUdb >Up 

3 Recapowi Roont. KJlchen/ljTKy Room - 
5 EMrooms. Bathroom. GwdBts. Shop writ 
large ombumtoios suMod lor a vanny d 
uses isuDtect a any necessary consents) 
2 St Matgarat'i Street 
Caranoury (0227)451(23 

(ReL 6J9EZ572) 

CUtENCCSTER 1 MILE. Main line 
aauan 20 mine, character houee. 3 
bed. 3 recepL bath. cloaJc/sliovrer. 
waned garden, garage. G.CJH. 
GT7 .600. (OOBS) 4304. 

DARTMOUTH. 8 /C 7 bed flaL part 

inunu-nnnn. uuxe. 

date beds. Inge. swbm. K«a Q dn. 
Me. £ 40 . 000 . TeL- 10972 ) 


&-8 bed. semi-detached hse, 
C/H. Immaculate order for bn- 
mediaie disposal. Vacant poss.. 
aariy completion req'd, possible 
conversion 3 flats. 


Offers considered tor an im- 
mediate contract. 

01-540 9110 


Ew 7 momti nundfeds of perod 
houaeo lor sab NATJOhlWK by pri- 
vate individuals & agents. Seftnfl or 
tuying yow penod noroc 


CHOBHAH PNR05) 7383/B12S. 



rm. study, fitted kllcticn. uauiy. 
CC H.. play rm garage, sedudfd 
open aspect garden. 4 car parting-. 

Immaculate throughout, as one 
would expect with professional 
builders own propeny. 2mls 
M2/BR suuLhr London). 

£95.000 ■ - 

. 0795 534079 Eves &. Wends 


WmCHETEI L 4 b edroomnd OPUtcned 
house bum 1982 . double garage and 
many attractive feature*, h mile to 
e«sr centre. ClOT.OW tot Quick cub 
sole. 0962 62609 . 

3 bedim fhold house & gdn In 
excellent condition dirouBhout 
£96.000 01-3730960. 

RICHMOND HILL 2 bM drill Kvd 
flat. Rtvor views and covered 
parting, ctsxhxj. 01-940 2178. 



For private client vrith impeccable references 
wanted to rent (or lease with option to 

Substantial country' house/estate at least 4/5 
reception rooms, 9. bedrooms, S bathrooms, 
plus outside facilities, staff cottage (S) flat (S) 
and large park/grounds. Minumum lease 3 

Preferably within 2 hours of London. 

Box No 1407R The Times 
or call 01 626 9998. 

r 'JT ' pr Trr , m ■ ■ Tt ; , ■ 

[i'-’-'f - i: 't 

DO aBng 



wlwm vtf H wn ca& lutn tjia name 
H th* LORD than bs delivered. 

Joel 2: 32 


ALUMQHAM. - On January 1T», to 
Jeannke and William. ■ Mm. Rory 
Charta. a brother to Robbie. 
BALFOUR- - On January )lth ai 

Mcllisi and Andrew, a son iPaul John 

BELL. On January I3to at Own ton 
Kims. CheHemuun to David and 
MatUda - a son. 

COTTRELL. On January 20 at the 
John RadclIfTc Hospital. Oxford to 
Arabella into Sowrey-CooMonj and 
Gcolfrey - 4 daughter. 

FAIR8AIRN. - On January 19. to 
Juua i nee WarataUi and Bruce - a 

son iDaild Nathan), a brother tor 
Beatrice and Thomas. 

CARTON ASH - On January I90i in 
Oxford, lo Danuta and Timothy, a 
son i Alexander Timothy), a hrouurr 
tor Thomas. 

HASTINGS. - On December SO. LOTS. 






‘Trade 01-837 2104 and 01-278 9232 Private 01 - 837 3355 or 5311 

WANT TO nett Waitress ne eded » 
1st daa Swtn restauronL Know- 
ledge «rf Frsoch peef. o 1-749 .9171 
day. oi-87fi 9149 teve-u. 


LATIN AMERICA- Low cm! flights e.g. 
RtoCSOA. Lima £478 rm. mo 
group tiotMoy /oumeys. JLA 01-747 

reau. one call heeg g the 4tf fare 
emalL 014M booo or Manchester 



AUSTRALIA, New Zealand. South 
Africa. Cvraatn. Low (am with a 
personal travel icrvm. Dunes 
Travel, 01-488 9011. AST A. 

PLEASE HELP. The National BenevDl- 
ent Fund for me Aged to wejMf 
"TENS" machines for the rdlef of 
Bain In conditions like arutmu. £60 
buys a machine. DcnaHoru o lnaa e to 
The Viscount Tonypamly. Chalrmap 
m n V fl. 38 New Broad Short. 
London. BC7MINM. 

Abroad or Britain In W H smith, etc. 
3“cd!9B each or from Vac Work, 9 
Park Bui Street. Oxford. 


Massive slum of wool Wended 
Barter* from £3.98 n r* * vat * 
many bargain to room stns in eu 


182 Upper Richmond Rd. SW14 
Td: 01-876 2089 

Free estimates - expert fitting 



first or second day: urge nt reguW- 
•nent tor City Arm. Telephone 01 BB1 

THE MOST UNIQUE and probably the 
most expensive way of _iaUmg.sqwg 
on* vovj lov« them. RUtfl 01-088 

TORTOLA H.V.L AW kart , 
I ■ p resentations.- work und ertake n 

SSSSMSS3UB^ Pmo ‘ 1 * 1 

1027 R- The Times. 


Theresa of Avila. 

an courses. See Educational. 



Non-StQg^3 Weekly 


AFRICA CEOSL West. South} 

Lonc-eetobUehed experts to 
discount navel For best service: 
Tot OS -930 1992/3988 



Instant booking, with Access & 
BarttonM by phone. Chalet par- 
lies in Vsrbler. Sr Anton. Marine! 

Otottove.MVddmre ^ 

25 Jan £lM £169 

1 Fab Cl 39 £179 

Also s/e bargains from CB9I 

0373 86481] 


AMs bed. converts to All WWI 



Must be seen to M aonnytatod. 
£1.200. Tel days 0628 32820. «Vt* 
0628 26997. 



The vacancy calls for two trainee Mbs aged 25*35 wift 
the ability to Woric as part of a progressive and uufetaeaab 
A sense of humour and a positive confident manner cotip- 
led with integrity and profcssionalisn are essen t ia l xeqggc- 
menis. Have you achieved yourfull potflotal? ^ 

CaD Mkhad Cbauhaaon 

01-409 1*13 


TV’S IT. £25. vjdouo ft. £99. « 
Lower Stoone St. SW 1 . 730 0933. 



a. p. wsulations Limited 



New York £249 Jo tours £466 
LoaAftg £339 Nairobi £360 
Sydney £768 Bangceck £339 
Auckland £856 Toronto £249 

Auckland £856 Toronto £2 


130 Jerrayn Street SW1 
Phone 01439 7144 (8 Ones) 


Save £46 on s/e ants. 

01-5S4 5060 


Nairobi. Jotoaig. Cairo. Dubai. Is- 
tanbul. Singapore- K_ 1_. MM. 
Bangkok, ten Kong. Sydney. 
Europe A (he Americas, riunkn 
Travel. 3 New Quebec S*. Marti* 
Arch. London Wl H 700. 

01-402 9217/18/19. 

Open Saturday 10.00- 13.00. 

Chalet standby- £145 


O/w Return 
Sydney £420 £JW, 

Auckland £*ZO £774 

Bangkok £206 330 

Jo'burg £264 £470 

Los Angeles £177 £360 


131 Earti Court Hoad. SWS 
Phono: (0113706332 


SYDNE Y £410 £613 

PERTH £376 £S4S 

AUCKLAND £410 £740 

BANGKOK £196 £325 

LOS ANCELES £196 * £326 

NEW YORK £137 £246 


PHONE 01-684 7371 

PEAL - NEV1UE at St Marys Church. 
Bury St Edmunds, on 22 January 
1936 Peter Peel. The Rule Brigade lo 
Valerie Alma Mary Neviie. 

Frankfurt £59Calro £206 
Paris £69 Nairobi £3B9 

Rome £99 jeburg £436 
Milan £88 H Kong £496 

Athens £109 Toronto £249 
Malaga £86 N York £276 
Faro £89 LA/SF £346 

Csn/Zur £79 Syd/Mtf £699 
Vienna £229 DfieU £348 
L Palmas £119 TAviv £169 

STEWART - On January 18th 1906. 
Dsacemuy after a long lUnsss so 


21. Swallow SL. London. W.l 
Tel: 01-437 0637 01-734 9603 


New York £147 o/w £260 rtn 

L Angeles £1 BO o/w £345 rtn 

Toronto £133o/w £256 rtn 

Jo-burg £264. O/w £465 rtn 

Sydney £399 O/W £670 rtn 

Auckland £406 a/w £750 rtn 

Delhi £230 o/w £376 rtn 

Cairo El 40 O/W £216 rtn 

Bangkok £210o/w £360 rtn 

Tel Aviv £99 o/w £169 rtn 

Many other bargains 
Tel: 01-370 6237' 


Free Video & free exercise leaflet 
01-7414686. 061-2360019 


£345 rtn 
£258 rtn 
£466 rtn 
£670 rtn 
£75 Orta 
£376 rtn 
£216 rtn 

£360 rtn 
£169 rm 


Chalet parties 

261h Jan. £109 l«FabJE2l9 


The TOP French &Swta» resorts 
Also Feb. March & April avolL 
abuuy. lot of fun for singles, coup- 

Tet O! -37V 0266 £2 
ATOL 1820 

bravely borne. at Naldera. Ounw 
Road. Lower Bourne. Fnmham. 
Surrey. Petar Stewart (nte Molly 
Crandage. of HalUkx. West Rldtogi. 
Beloved wife Of the late Mater Cen- 
tral K- E. S. Stewart. M-C.. and 
dearly loved moUitr of June 


stnoia rstiiiu 

JO-BURG/HAR £300 £466 

NAIROBI £220 £326 

CAIRO £130 £200 

KHARTOUM £186 £275 

LAGOS £220 £320 

DELHI -BOM £226 £330 

BANGKOK £185 £320 

DCXJLA £— £420 



HINTON JABMNEHt m w trftg can. 
HI Oon. art nouveau £700, T* Ol. 

4K07a r>ouve * m *70°. T« Ol- 


For Westminster Pa r te u nta ty 
Agents. Confidant pfe^rbUa 
person needed. Good nhy 
negoflatfe -t- umaben e fts . 
pieeBe t N eph ane - 
Taurjf Bobertkim 222M41 

d tos — 1 — !■ Ik 




Apenra. Tet 486 1252. 

PART TnmE s/b Bee iw awBnjt.9 
olP-1 pm. 05.000. 437 0326. PJ *JC. 


£6 per hour 

far 6 months guaranteed 

Starting on 3rd February, a major City 
Bank raquras a temporary ahortttwnd 
secretary with extensive Wordplex 
WP experience to work for 4 man- 
agers on a 6 month contract Speeds 
700/60, good presentation and 
speaking voice essential. Far further 
detads nng Maigarte Duntop nowon 

01-491 1868 

1a Creme See Cons 


a cany nvn nmuin ™ 

EUzabrtti and Vivien (WotklnaL 
Funeral at 12 noon an Monday 
January 27Ui at Fremham Parish 

Church- Burial win follow in private. 
Please no newera. donahona tf 
wished M the Royal Tank Hadment 
Benevolent Fund. Bowtngtna Camp, 
Wandiam. Dorset. 

WAUGH. - Suddenly In Edinburgh on 
IBUi January. 1986. Ronald Jamas 
Robertson waiwh lencuttvt director 
SMT Insurance Co Lid), dearly, loved 
hudund of jearf and dear father of 








2 Denman Street. London. Wl 
Tel 01-439 3621 /BOO 7 

From £179 

S/C £109 


CONSULTING ROOM lift dm x 9ft 
6ln overlooking garden available In 
cheerful nrofeeuonal bunding 1 
minute South Kensington tribe. 

Omummal wafting room. ApixXnt- 
ment made £30 per half day. Re- 
ductions if several tw l o ni reatdred. 
Tel: 01-681 8393. 

Tel: 01-785 2200 

Manch. Peps <0*221 78121 __ 
ABTA 16723 ATOL 1232 

BRIDGE. - London School of Bt 
and Out. 38 Kings Rd. SWS. Ol 


g ^.Cj 'i J 7, BNI 



AmnttXttr. snuntiW ar Oystod igft 
B at, Catp toutatiosM jw hr 9 mdcB tmk 
BOIL KB ad mBs a m Anofcai wmwr com 


s ppptoPlipk hika Wi Bt B 

Camp America, DgplTTI 3, 

37 QMon Gate, bwia SWT 

or cal 01-581 2379 

01-878 9141 


Staffed Chaiet Bargains Andorra 
- 25 Jan 059. flr / CriaW Inti ot 
3 meats a day wWi unSmted wine 
at (firmer. 

Mwlbai-staffad chalet* for 
drWere-Feb. 1 st, 8th ism £110 
Inc. of channel fany crowing &3 
meals s day- With wine at (firmer, 




technotogy; gat about 18% more mileage, mors power and 
y with de-nnfud JW. Sand tor your seH-conwincina Trial Btrs 
!GY2OOOsuMderrtfor22Og&itons I fepi3r!sAi0stirnonn>s. 

37 Wentworth, SL Leonartls(0424) 432523. 

Owr 1*3 BdflSoaQftiiemost 
affluent people Sa tbe axmby retd 

MCMSDAY EdootieK University 
AppOTjfencnts, Prep. & Public School 
Appobtmcnts, Educational Course^ 



ThefoDowing catepdesqffw 
reprfariy eray week, « »«- 
serial slides, 

eat how e*s* fast sid eeawriai 
Mb to advertise bTfaeTtaa 

TUESDAY CaspaterBodtenc a 
eoopidieasive guide tofte 
ecHxqulBr market 

Commercial Lawyers, Legal Offices, 
Private & Public practice. 

WEDNESDAY La Crine de h 

Qcw: Secrctarial/PA appointments 
over £7^00. General seoerariaL 

Property: Reside® tid. Commercial, ' 
Town & Country, Oveneas, Rentals. 

new classification eotitlwJ Financial 
idAccoMiiBtyAjpH iiuuii . 

FRIDAY Moms: A complete car 
buyeni guide featuring estabEdied 

THURSDAY General Appoint-* 
wta: Chief Executives, Managing 
Directors, Direaois, Sales and MaAet- 
ing Executives, Public, finance and 
Overseas Appointments. Inducting a 

equipment elc, lb small and Jage 
companies or businesses. 

HI in the coupon and attach itto your advatisemehtWor to itwpeafi^x 
w^cor^ you ^ a gooteiioft and confix 
Rates are Lineage £4 per fine (ojol 3 finest Boxed Dbplay £3; per sage r= 
,cohmm cemhiietre,Counand Social £6 per imejui retes+WVAL .... ; ; 

PAY NO POSTAGE. SoMfeTk.TfaKs. SMcter Moifc Cte* 1 

Adw tifiwnr M— 11 i . Ttews Ntwip ^ uii jti.fteepgciAtohBVwaraa- 


SATURDAY OmswsUsret; 

Holidays abroad^ Lew cost (fights. 
Cruise Car hire. UJL Travel; Hotel- 
Cottages, Holiday lets. 



j .TELEPHONEUJuytime) 


l ac r r i > i r~~ 


\ ■ 

\ . S,' 




s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

" v - 


1 ^ '•t; 

BBC t 

6.00 Casta AM. c ;.,■•_ 

UrO Ba aa fctatTTmt wftft Wor 

Smith and SsBoa Scott- / 
Weather si 8J55. 7:25,7-55, 
&25 anortUS; regional naws, 
matter and traffic at 6^7, 
7%7JS7 jtfKfW: national 
and MamattonN news at 7.00, 
7 JO, *00,430 and 6 . 0 * sport 
at 7J2D antffl Mi the new Top 
Twenty at 7,32; and a review 
of the momlngnewspapora at 
8J7. Plus, tewty Alt's 
foshtoiUtinfc&and ABson 
MttctwTs.'phona-Jn flnanpta] 
advice. , • - 

MO CaatalOJOPtay SctwoL 
11X50 QhsrtMcTta week's ecfltion 
of the m aga z ine proqr ai um # 
for Aslan women includes a 
(Sscusston about the 
increasing number of attacks 

on women and chfldren. The 
problem* are examined by a 
poflce officer, and there is self- 
defence advice. 11.15 Ceefax. 
1230 Hews Aftpr Noon with FUchaid 
Whitmore and Frances 
Coverdate, includes news 
headlines with subtitles. 12L55 
Regional news. Weather 
delate from MJcbaef.Rsh. 

1.00 Pelted **M at On* The 
cooking canon, John Bey. and 
Rabbi Uonel Blue, prepare 
another heavenly dlah. 1^45 

Bsgposs. A See-Saw 

3.55 Henn^ Cat helps Lady 
Penelope to regain her stolen 
Jewels. 4.10 Jbnbo and the Jet 
Set Cartoon series 4.15 
Jockanory.Tom Baker with 
part three of Ted Hughes's 
The Iron Man. 4J5 Laurel and 
Hardy. Cartoon version (r). 
4J0WlzML Magical humour 
starring Paul Daniels. 

4.55 John Craven's Ne w sr o om ! 
5J5 Running Scared. Part two 
of the tbc-episode thrtter 
starring JuOa Miflbank and 
Amarjti DhffiofL&SS First 
Gass. Video quiz tor schools, 
presented by Debbie 
Greenwood. . 

6.00 News with Nicholas WitcheH 
and Andrew Haney. Weather. 
L35 LondonPSns. 

7 JO Wogan. The guests tonight 
Include Brian Blessed. Gareth 
Edwards. John and Alan Boon 

of publishers Mitts and Boon, 
and, supplying the music, 

7 A0 No Place Like Horae. 

Domestic comedy series 
starring WSSam Gaunt and 
Patricia Garwood. This week 
Arthur is becoming 
increasingly irritated by the 
bat hro om seemingly being 



8.10 Dynasty. Alexis and Deoc, 
disguised as a nun and a 
* priest respectively, help spirit 

'T^UKC 1 


< MM If U7U; 

* rx: 

. id «■ 

, Ur 



Jeff makes for Los Angeles in 
Ms desperate search lor 
FaBoh, she is settling In - 
comfortably with Miles in a 
motel (Ceefax). 

m Mew* with JuBa SomervUta 
and John Bumphryfl. Weather. 

MO The Martha. Part three of . 
tto documentary sejjes.. .1 

foBowkig toe first year In the 
marriage of Marc and Karen 
Adams Jones covers the 
period when financial 
constraints bring the first 
strataaon the marriage (see 

10.15 SportaSpedeL Highlights 
from tohi^rt'clbottitin action, 
introduced by Steve Rider with 
Jimmy Hffl. The co mmen t a tor., 
is Bany Davies. 

1155 Chits Tarrant is "CT". Chris 
Tarrant, accompanied by MBce 
Harding, takes to the skies In a 
giant wsNp. When he is on 
the ground. Chris attends a 
Teddy Bear Rally in Liverpool; 
meets a Manchester publican 
who suffer* from vertigo: 
watches a body bidding 
championship to Morecamber 
and then gets mixed up in an 
American CM War bstfle in - 

11-36 Weather. 


6.15 .Good Momkig Wtefav 
presented by Anne Diamond 
vut Nick Owen. New* with r 
. ■ Gwten Honeycomb* « fcl7, 
6 J 0 , 7.00, 7 Jo. BJ> O, wo and 
8-Ot* exercise* at L 20 and 
9.17; sport at tL35 end 7-3*5 
' « 7-24f pop video at 

: 7J5! video fDra review atBJ4* 
BwwWehofidays fnSrttainat 
^45; the baby gymnast* boom. 
. . at«,M; youandyburbo<Vat . 


*•25 thamesnewe headlines.' '■ 
8J0 ForSchoote; Chemistry- iron 
and steel' 9J2 Maths:, 
matching and gfdBrtng. 1044 
- Samantha and her mother buy 
. . a pet IQ Jtl The growing and 
' . harvesting of bananas. 10 l 33 
; English: Mummy's Tomb, by 
Andrew Nlckokfs.1T.00 Port 
. three of the four-episode. 

historical drama. Sea Green 
_ Man; 1 1 JO Prepositional 
phrases - for the hearing 
impaired. 11-37 How to put out 
fires and flames. ; 

1240 Moschopa. Puppet series . 
about a young dinosaur (r). . 

12.10 Our Becfcyanf(r). 

12J0 wish You Ware Here . . .7 

Judith Chalmers celebrates 
Concorde's tenth. aonlvareary; 
Anneka Rice la te Tunisia; and 
ChrtsKaBy samples asters 
parent holday in Buds (r). ... 
1-00 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin. 1.20 Thames newt 
,1 JO A Country Practice. 

2J0 On the Market The best food 
'buys of the week; phis, guest 
cook Rudolph Walker. 340 
Gem*. Drama serial set in the 
Govern Garden workshops of 
a fashion design company. 

3.25 Thames new* headfines. 

340 Sons and Daughters. 

4.00 Moachops. Arepeatofthe 
programme shown at noon. 

4.10 The Tetebugs. Cartoon 
series. 440 The Wefl Gama is 
played by pupils from Meon 
Middle School, Southsea. 

4.45 The Book Tower Includes . 
Jannt Howker reading an 
extract fro nr her prize-winning 
novel, The Nature of the Beast 

5.15 Blockbusters. 

5-45 New*. 540 Thames news. 
fL25 Help! VivTaykar Gee with * 
details of publications about 
schizophrenia, supplementing 

test night’s documentary made 
by Central Television on the 
ai&Ject, Zero Options. 

6l 35 Crossroads. The Boys In Bhis 
question Benny. 

740 This ia Your Lite. Eamonn 
Andrews with his big red book 
is ready to surprise another 
unsuspecting worthy. 

7.30 Coronation Street. Ken 
Barlow is' furious about the 
news concern ing daughter 
Susan (Oracle). 

840 Duty Free. This week, the two 
couples on a Spanish holiday 
are excited when Judith 
ChMmere and the Wish You 
. Were Here. .? team arrive to 
film in the -hotel. The four of 
them are determined to appear 
- in the Item (Oracle). 

130 Never the Twain. Comedy 
senes starring Donald Sind an 
and Windsor Davies as the 
feuding antiques dealers 

940 Lyttan*a Df»y. Neville Is 
intrigued to learn that for the 
first time, a notorious sex 
symbols' refusing to strip in a 
film (Crack# " 

1040 News at Ten. Weather, 
followed by Thames news 

1030 Midweek Sport SpectaL 
Highlights from test night's 
bracing biH featuring bouts with 
Terry Marsh, defending his 
European Bght heavywight 
crown for the first time; and 
Tony Sfbson, the 
Corrmtornwelth middleweight 
champion. Pius, from the 
Royal Albert HaH, the Gold Top 
MUk Champions' gymnasts 

12.15 NigM Thought*. 

Depardieu in Danton. 
Channel 4, 10.05pm 

9. Courtship over, waddng over, 
honeymoon over. And 


alongsWe the wine and roseron the 
Adams Joneses' breakfast table in 
the third Instalment of THE 
MARRIAGE (BBC 1 , 9.30pm). In a 
word, the reaflty of day-to-day Sving 
has now to be reckoned with, in a 
moment of gloomy Introspection 
that does not seam toboda too weB 
ter the future, the new husband 
recalls what soma people say. ‘The 
magic goes out of your Rfe when 
you get married." And, agrees 
Marc, possibly they're right 
Certainly, there are not many 
magical moments Jn his first six 
months with Karen. Worries over 


TeWngs-off on the rugby field where 
Marc b running out of puff. . 


Problems In Integrating their sex Hte 

with shiftwork. And yet, by the time 
tonight's episode draw* to a close, 

there are hxScatfons that calmer 
waters He ahead. Theh- worst fights 
ve now over tha board-game taUa. 
"It can only get better, now that 
we re starting together", says the 
theme song. 1 have Just seen the 
synopses of su bse quent episodes 
of 77 jo Marriage. They do not strike 
the same confident note. 

• Andrzej Wajda's film DANTON 
(Channel 4, 10.05pm) Is amHlfon 
Bght years away from any other film 
about the French Revolution. Wajda 
rejected others' theories that 

parallels wtth Solidarity were 
intended. But nagging doubts 
remain. You wmjust have to dad da 
for yoursoff. 

• I bring you glad tidings about 

It has retained the same four-man 
cast we saw In the London 
production last yean Timothy West 
(Stalin), Jonathan Adams 
(Zhdanov), Peter Kelly (Prokofiev) 
and David B amber (Shostakovitch). 
The other good news is that this 
chIHIng comedy has lost nothing of 
its power on its way from stage to 
microphone. Whatever degree of . 
historical truth there is for this 
Kremlin encounter between Stalin, 
his boorish henchman and the two 
composers whose radical styles are 
wholly unacceptable In an era when 
Stalin orders music to revert to Its 
Pflasant first positions, Is not of 
paramount Importance. The day is 
one, huge, Proliant metaphor. 
Nobody Wins when art stop existing 
ter Its own sake and becomes 
functional. _ 

Peter Davalle 

BBC 2 

940 Ceefax. 

948 Daytime on TWo; Science: 

* : dissolving. 1040 For four- and 
. five-year oM&. 10,15 

Mathematical investigations: 
folds and the golden rectangle 
1046 Maths: grids. 11.00 
Words and pictures; 11.17 
Different means of transport. 

1 1;40 Three girts' friendship Is 
. broken when one of them 
begins courting a young man. 

12.19 David Bellamy with part two of 
.‘hte series on trees. 1245 
Lesson three of the series for 
aspiring rock musicians. 140 
Geometry tor adults studying 
for CWevoi matha.1.15 Moving 
house - the rotes of the 
removal firm and the estate 
agent 148 Alternative 
technology. 2.00 The 
difference between noises at 
night and during the day. 2.18 
- Children from Yorkshire use a 
model to portray a character 
from fiction. 2.40 Planets and 
comets. 340 Ceefax. 

540 News summary with subtitles. 

545 Bridge Chib Introduced by 
Jeremy James, improve your 
bridge wtth assistance from 
Jeremy Pflnt and members of 
Bristol Bridge Club (rx 

640 FOm: The Divorce of Lady X 
(1 938) starring Laurence 
OUvier. Ralph Richardson and 
. Marie Oberan. Comedy about 
the romantic adventures of 
Logan, a lawyer, and Lease, a 
young woman who invades 
Logan's hotel bedroom. From 
the Korda Classics saaaon, 
directed by Tim Whelan. 

740 Outof Court The first of a 
new series, presented by Sue 
Cook and David Jessei. 
Bernard Levin questions the 
legafity of the GLC's and other 
council's insistence on a 
declaration from artiste not to 
visit South Africa before they 
can appear In theatres within 
tite councils' aegis. With the 
performers point of view put 
byTom Corrtl, Elizabeth 
Schwarzkopf and John 

8.00 All Our Working Uvea. Part 
two of the 11-programme 
repeated series tracing the 

... historyof Britain at work In the 
20 th century examines the car 

940 M*A“S*H. Major Frank Bums ' 
takes over as commanding 
officer of the 4077th after 
Henry Blake Is transferred to 
Tokyo. Bums tries to run the 
camp by the book and tails 
HaWkeye and Trapper to 
dismantle their gki stffl (r). 

9-25 Dead Head. Episode two of 
the tour-part thriller and Edcfle, 
after disposing of the severed 
head, is being courted by the 
top brass willing to pay him a 
lot of money to disappear. 

10.15 Cool K. Comedy impressionist, 
PhU Cool, entertains (r). 

11X40 NewsnighL The latest national 
and International news plus a 
study of another of the 
Northern Ireland 
constituencies that go to the 
pofl* tomorrow. 

1145 Weather. 


240 Famine Case of the Curious 
Bride.* (1935) starring Warren 
Wlfflam, Margaret Lindsay, 
CtaJra Dodd and, in his flret 
Hollywood rote. Errol Flynn. An 
Erie Stanley Gardner thriller 
wtth Perry Mason Investigating 
the mystery surrounding a 
btackmaUng husband whose 
wife thought was dead. 
Directed by Michael Curtiz. 

440 A Pius 4. Mavis Nicholson 
meets 21 professional 
musicians, ail of whom play in 
other bands and orchestras, 
who have formed their own 
ensemble. Loose Tubes, in 
which they ptey for their own 

440 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner is challenged by Paul 
Comaiah from Ilford. - 

5.00 Alice. MeTs Diner is losing 
custom to a rival 
estabfishment that is offering 
cash prizes. Mel deckles to 
offer a $3400 prize in a 
crooked game but panics 
when he learns that the 
competition cannot be rigged. 

540 Shakespeare three. Michael 
Bogdanov’s series of 
workshop documentaries on 
Shakespeare's plays 
continues with a two-part 
examination of Tlmon of 
Athens. Excerpts from the play 
. are performed by National 
Theatre actors Including 
Michael Bryant (r). 

640 The Ctetetian*. Part three of 

the 13-programme 
documentary series on the 
htetory of Christianity focuses 
on the period after the 
Barbarian invasion of the 
Roman Empire whan 
Christianity's strongholds 
became Ireland and the tar 
reaches of Italy (r). 

7.00 Charmei Four news with Peter 
Sissons and Alastair Stewart 

740 Comment In the political slot 
this week is SDP vice- 
president, Bill Rodgers. 

640 The American Century. Part 
three of the second series on 
the history of Time Ufa's 
cinema news magazine. The 
March of Tima. Is entitlsd. 
Peace! By Adolf Hitter, and 
contains numerous examples 
of Hitter's duplldty. 

840 Diverse Reports: Ulster WM 
Fight, On the eve of the 15 
Northern Ireland by-elections 
Diverse Reports presents the 
views of Belfast's working 
class Protestants who are 
prepared to fight the Anglo- 
Irish agreement all the way. 

940 -Play: Oral Agreement, by 
Nadine Gondimer. The 
chieftain of a small village near 
the Zimbabwe border teams 
that some of his villagers are 
giving shelter to guerrillas. He 
fears reprisals from the South 
African government if he 
keeps quiet and alerts the 
local mURsry - with horrific 

1045 Film: Danton (1 982) starring 
Gerard Depardieu. A drama, 
set at the time of the French 
Revolution. Directed by 
Andrzej Wajda (subtitled) (see 
Choice). Ends at 1240. 


Radio 4 


On tong wave, t Also VHF stereo. 

545 Stepping. 040 Naws Briefing: 
Weather, a. 10 Fanning Today. 
845 Prayer, t 

840 Today, ted. 841X740, 840 

News. 8A5 Business Naws. 645, 
745 Weather. 74, 840 News. 
748. 845 Sport 745 Thought for 
ths Day. LK Yesterday in 
Pateament 847 Weather Travel 

940 News. 

945 Midweek: Ubby Purves and 
studio g u e cti .t 

1040 Nows; Qardenera 1 Question Time 
with tiw Charlton and Blackheath 
Horticultural Society, London (ri. 

1040 Morning Story: Taking Off by 
James MB. Tnq reader: Huai 

10.45 Dafly Service (Now Every 
Morning, pegs 58Xt 

1140 News; Tram; Tha Mystery of lha 
Reluctant Storyteller. What 
Sherlock Homes and Dr. Watson 
might have made of thetr creator, 
S!r Arthur Conan Doyle (rLt 

11.48 Teach Yourself News-Speak. 
WMam Davts Investigates 

12.00 News: You and Yours. Consumer 
advice, with John Howard. 

1247 The Mystery of the Blue Tram by 
Agatha Chnstto, dramatized In six 
parts (4). with Maurice Denham 
as HBrctee Poirot (rLt 1245 

1.00 The world at One: News. 

1.40 The Archers 145 Shipping. 

240 News; Woman's Hour, (nckxtes 

an Interview with Sue Sflpman. 
former president of the National 
Union of Students, who is now 
tfrector of the National Council 

far One Parent RmHae. 

The Afternoon Play: Figures, by 
Cofin Haydn Evans. With Anna 
Massey. Qhost story about a 
house whose past turns out to be 
part of the future of tiw woman 
who buys Itt 

3.47 Tima for Vena. Graham Webster 
presents poems about the 
theatre: today -authors. Read by 
Christopher Scott and JO Balcon. 1 

440 News. 

445 Fie on 4, [new series]. More 
about the Westland affair (r)- 

4.45 Kateldoscape. A repeat of last 
night's edition. Indudes comment 
on Dead Head, the BBC2 thrifler 
serial (r). 

5.00 PM: News magazine. 540 


640 News; Financial Report 
640 Transatlantic Quiz. Irene Thomas 
and John Julius Norwich 
chafienge Shsna Alexander and 
critic Brendan GflL 
740 News. . 

7,05 The Archer*. 

740 Influences. Bernard Rutherford 
talks to two people with 

gamatteng in common: Chief 
Rabbi StrlmmanuBl Jakobovtts 
and fornar Archbtalwp of York, 
Lord Blanch. 

745 Othemmes. Other Places. 
George Scott an some of the 
people he has met In his 10 yeara 
as journalist and broadcaster. 

8.15 Analysis: The Pace of Change 
[new series] Mary Goklrlng 
presents the first of four 
programmes about British 

940 TWrty-fttInute Theatre. The 
Co nte mp lati ve Life 

te by Marcia 
i Rickman and 

Kahan. With Alan 
Mlchaal Aldridge (r)_t 
940 Wives of the Great Composers. 

Fritz Splstf on Mrs Edward Elgar 
945 KaleidoeMpa: Inctodes comment 
on Bolls and Chains at the Lyric 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: Wind. Sand 
and Stars by Antoine de Saint- 
Exupery (3). Read by John 
Bennett 1049 Weather. 

1040 The World Tonight. 

11.15 The Financial world TcxtighL 

1140 Today In ParBamant 

1240 News; Weather. 1243 Shipping. 
VHF (available in England and S 
Wales only) as above except 
545-S.OOam Weather; Travel 
1140-1240 For Schools. 145- 
3.00pm FCr Schools. 540-545 
PM (continued). 1240-1.1 Dam 
Schools Nlght-Tlma 
Broadcasting. 1240 Deutsch fur 
(fie Oberstufa. 1240 Deutscher 


Radio 3 

645 Weather. 740 News. 

7.05 Morteng Concert Tchaikovsky's 
fantasy overture Romeo and 
Juliet (Cleveland Orchestra); 
Gershwin songs (Norman, 
soprano and Boston Pops): 
DeEus's Walk to the Paradise 
Garden (LSOfcl Prokofiev's suite 
The Love for Three Oranges (Los 
Angeles PO).t 940 News. 

B45 Morning Concert (contd): 
StosUus's Incidental music 
Peff6as and MMsands (Berlin 
PO); Fafia's Ritual Fire Dance 
(Pittsburgh PO); Bach's Concerto 
m D minor, BWV 1043 (Schroder, 
violin; Hlrorai, violin; Academy ol 
- Ancient Muskri.t 940 News. 

945 This Week's Composer 
Chabrier, the overture 
Gwendofina (French National 
Orchestra); Sous-bois and other 
works from Dlx plte8s 
ptttoresques (McMahon, piano); 

Credo C amour (Lepiante. tenor; 

Lachance, piano): improvisation: 

Menuat pompeux; Scherzo-valse 
(McMahon); the rhapsody 
Espana (PtetiiarmonlaLr 

10.00 From Italian painting. Works by 
Respighi. Liszt and Martlnu.! 

1040 Schubert Anne Colins (soprano), 
Paul Hamburger (piano). 
Programme Includes. Memnon; 
Die G otter Griechenlanda; An den 
Mond in elner Herbstnacht Aut 
dem Sea; im Freien, and bn 
wakie (Windes RauschenLt 

11.45 Ayres for the Theatre: (2) The 
French Influence. Purcefl's 
Amphitryon or The Two Scales; 
and Mustapha. son of SoJymon 
the Magrtlfcem (anon). Played by 
tire Parley of instruments .t 

12.15 Concert Hall: Jonathan Plowright 
(piano). Scriabin's Sonata No 2 In 
G sharp minor: Chopin's 
Nocturne In C sharp minor, Op Z7 
No 1; Frank Martin's Eight 
Preiudes.t 1.00 News. 

145 Jazz: another of Max Harrison's 
selections. Items Include Jimmy 
Luncatord and tes Orchestra 
playing Organ-grinder's swinq.f 

140 Matinee Musicals: Ulster 
Orchestra (under Cdman 
Pearce), with Daphne Ariow 
(mezzo) and PhUp Hammond 
(piano). Charles Wood's overture 
Much ado about Nothing; 
Warren's Wexford Bells: Ivor 
Gumey's Four songs 
(orches tra ted by Flnzi); Sakri- 
Seens's Line nult 8 Usbome: 
Poulenc's La coune paHle; 

Bus seri s Sirtta Funambufesaua.t 

240 Debussy Piano Works: Dateel 
Adnl plays Hommaga a Haydn; 
Preludes (Book 1 ).t 

115 Johan Svandsen: Bergen SO play 
the Norwegian Artists Carnival; 
and Oslo PD play the Symphony 
No 2. 

440 Choral Evensong: from Weds 
Cathedral a Nva transmlsslon.t 
445 News. 

540 Midweek Choice: VanhaTa 
Concerto til F for two bassoons 
end orchestra (Waffln and 
Nilsson, bassoons AJmea 
Slnfbniette); Schubert's 
FreiwflRges Veraenkan; Aus 
Hflllpofls: RscherwtSB (Fischer- 
Dieskau, baritone: Britten, piano); 
Szymanowski's String Quartet 
No 2 (Varsovla String Quartet); 
Chopin's 12 Studies Op 10 
(Poll ini. piano); Spohris Clarinet 
Concerto No 3 In F minor (Leister, 
clarinet and Stuttgart Radio SO).t 

7.00 Choral Voices; Donald Hunt 
Singers. Programme includes 
Howell's Inheritance; The Scrtoe; 
Julius Harrison's Song of the 
Plough: The Dark Forest: Blows 
the wind today; Merry Miner; 
Walton's Where does the uttered 
music go?f 

740 Master Class: David Pownall's 
stage play, with the original cast 
headed by Timothy West as 
Stafin. The theme: Stalin's 
attempts to create a national style 
of Soviet music. With David 
Bamber as Shostakovich. Peter 
Kelly as Prokofiev and Jonathan 
Adams as Marshall Zhdanov.t 

940 Philharmonla Orchestra (under 
Lombard). With Jean- Philippe 
CoBard and Francois-Rahe 
DuchaWe (two pianos). Part one. 
Berlioz's overture La camavai 
remain; Ravel's La tom beau de 
Couperin; Poulenc's Concerto in 
D minor for two oianos.t 

9.45 Six Continents: foreign radio 
broadcasts, monitored by the 

10.05 Concert part two. Franck's 
Symphony In D mlnor.t 

1140 Manchester Chamber Concert: 
John McCabe (piano). Mozart's 
Sonata in B fiat, K 570; Bridge s 
April; Heart's Ease; A Sea Idyfl; 

Rosemary: Caprtccto No 1 in a 
mlnor.t Haydn s Sonata in C 
minor, H xvi 2Q.t 
1147 News. 12.00 Closedown. 


Radio 2 


News on the hour (except 94 pm). 
Head Kuos 540 ant, 540, 7.30 and 840. 
Sports desks 145 pm, 242, 342, 4.02, 
545, 6.02, 6.45 (MPfotey. 945. 

4.00 am CoSn Berry.t 640 Ray Moore.t 

B.05 Ken Bruce.T 1040 Jimmy Young.t 
1.05 pm David Jacobs-t 240 Gloria 
Hunteford.t 340 Music AH The Way.t 

4.00 David Hamilton.t 6.00 John Dunn.t 

8.00 Syd Lawrence In concartt 8.45 
BBC Big Band. 9.15 Listen to the Bend. 
Charlla Chester with The KlrWntooch 
Silver Bend. 945 Sports Desk. 10.00 It s 
A Fumy Business. Les Dawson relives 
some memorable moments. 1040 
Hubert Gragg says Thanks for the 
Memory. 1 140 Brian Matthew presents 
Round Midnight (stereo from i 

1.00 am Charles Nova presents 
Nlghtride.t 340-340 A Little Night 


Radio 1 


News on the half hour from 640 am until 
940 pm and at 12 midnight 
640 am Adrian John. 740 Mike Read. 
940 Simon Bates. 1240 pm News beat 
(Frank Partridge). 12.45 Gary Davies. 
3.00 Steve Wright 540 Newsbeat 
(Frank Partridge). 5,45 Bruno Brookes. 
At 840 the Top 30 album chart 740 

Janice Lon a. ' 

-12JJ0 John Peel.t 


BJI0 Newsdesk. 7.00 News. 7JJ9 Twanty-Four 
Hours 7 JO Report On RaSaon. 7.45 That's 
Trad. LUO News. 8-09 Reflections. 8.16 
Classical Record Review. &J0 duos. 
Unquote. *00 News. *09 Review o! the Brthsn 
Press. 8.15 The World Today. 940 Financial 
News. S-«J Look Ahead. 8.45 Short Takes. 
ItLOO News. 10 l 01 OmnBws. 1040 Jazz Score. 
11 JO News. 11JB News About Briteln 11.15 
Doctor Who. 12.00 Redo Newsreel. 12.15 
Nature Notebook 12.25 The Farming World. 
1245 Sports Roundup. 1 JO News. 1J9 
Twanty-Four Koirs. 1 JO Jeroma Kern, 
Anurtcan Genius. ZOO Outlook. 2J5 Report on 
Refegion. 3-00 Redo Newsreel. 3.15 A Pertect 
Day. 3J0 Radio Active. 4J0 News. 4JS 
Commentary 4.15 Rock Soled. AM The World 
Today. 5J0 News. SJ9 A Letter From Wales. 

5.15 Monitor 9J0 News. tJ9 Twenty-Four 
Hour. 9.15 Ataum Tima. *45 Recording Ol 
The Week IDJd News. 1CL09 Tiw World 
Today. 1025 A Letter From Woles. 1040 
Financial Naws. 1040 Reflections. 10.45 
Sports RountMa. 11 JC News. 11J9 
Commentary. 11.15 Good Books. 10 Too 
Twenty. 12J0 News. 12J9 News About 
Britain. 12.15 Radio Newsreel. 1240 Radio 
Active. 1J0 News. 1J1 Outlook 140 
Waveguide. 1.40 Book Choice. 1-45 Monnor 
2-00 News. 2JS Review of the British Press. 

2.15 Networtt UK. 240 AastgtvnenL 3J0 
News. 3.09 Norn About Britain. X15 The 
World Today. 340 My Kipling. 4J0 Newsdesk 
440 Ciasaleal Record Review. 545 The World 


Timothy West Master Class, 
Radio 3, 7.30 pm. 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1: 1053kHz/285m; 1089kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Radio 3: 121SkHz/247m: VHF -90-92.5; Radio 4: 

i; LBC 1152kHz/261m; VHFS7.3; Capital: l54BkHz/194m: VHF 95.8; BBC Radio London 1458kHz/206m: VHF 94.9; World 

200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-95; 
Service MF 648kHz/463m. 


I0.i5am-1040 Giormgoehd. 645-740 
Raportirm Scotland. 10.15-1140 Flkrv A 
Matter afLHe and Doflth. (1948) (David 
Niven). 1140-1145 WMttW. 
Today's sporL 540-640 teskto Ulster. 
645-/40 First das*. 1145-11.40 New* 
and weather. ENGLAND 645pm- 
740pm Regional news mogazinea. 

■n/<5 As London except 140pm 

Nows. 140-240 SNna on Hanrey 
Moon. 340-440 Young Doctor*. 6.00- 
945 Coast to Coast 12.15am Company, 

tcw As London axcept: 140 pm- 
Iaw 140 Naws. 5.15 Gus Honey bun. 
540-5.45 Crossroads. 6.00 Today 
South West 640-740 That's My Dog. 
12.15 am Postscript. Closedown. 


6.00-8.35 North Tonight 12.15 am 
Naws, Closedown. 


channel Sig8a& 

240 Shtee On Harvey Moon. 340-440 
Young Doctors. 640-845 Channel 
Report. 12.15am Closedown. 

CENTRAL As London except 
. n 1 124Qpm-140 

Something to Treasure, 140 News. 
140-240 Tucker's Witch. 6.00 
Crossroads. 845-740 News. 12.15am 
FBm: Blood Beast Terror (Peter 
Cushing). 145 Closedown. 

ULSTER As London except 140 

pm-1 .30 Lunchtime. 340- 
4.00 Three Utile Words. 6.00-645 Good 
Evening Ulster. 1Z10 am News, 


Spot 145-340 Flkn: Brenda Starr. 340- 
440 Report Back. 640-645 Nows and 
Scotland today. 12.15am Late Cafl, 

HTV WEST A® London except 
140pm News. 140- 
240 Fifty, Fifty. 1216am Shely. 1245 

HTV WALES }|HW we« except: 

Schools. 1140-1145 Looking Forward. 
6.D0pm-€45 Wales at Six. 


Calendar Lunchtime Live. 140 Newa. 
140-230 Falcon Crest 6.00-645 
Calendar. 1215am Harvest Jazz. 1245 

BORDER As London except 
PUKUCn i240pm-1.00 Glenroe. 
140-440 Young Doctors. 640045 
Looka round. 1215am News. 

ANGLIA As London except 


140-140 News. 640-645 About Anglia. 
1215am I Shall Always Remember, 
followed by Closedown. 

S4C Starts: 1.00pm Countdown. 1.30 
Be Your Own Boss. 200 Taro 

Nodyn. 240 Ffalabalam. 235 Cipolwg. 
245 Interval. 3.D0 The Christians. 4.W A 
Plus 4. 440 Three Stooges. 440 
Superted. 5.00 BiHdowcar. 540 Pob's 
Programme. 6.00 Brooksrde. 640 Bon 
Bralch. 7.00 Trafod Dau. 200 Roc 'Roi 
Te. 840 Y Byd ar Bedwar. 940 Film: 
Raggedy Man. 1245 Diverse Reports. 
11.10 Comic Strip presents . . . 1140 

GRANADA As London except 
unwiwuM 12 30 pm- 140 Search 

for Wealth. 140 Gartatia Reports. 140- 
240 The Boron. 340-4.00 Young 
Doctors 6.00 Granada Reports. 640- 
645 This is Your Right 1215am 


Regrets’ 140* News. 14S*-140 Where 
the Jobs Are 6.00-6.35 Northern Life. 
1215 am Together, Closedown. 

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Tunnel contracts 
worth £700m 
could aid regions 

By Derek Harris, 

Around £700 million in 
orders for the construction of 
the British side of the Channel 
rail tunnel should be placed 

With construction due to 
stan by the middle of next year, 
once the tunnel treaty is 
ratified, tendering will be 
starting for some complex 
equipment, particularly the 
large-scale cutting machines 
which will slice out the service 
tunnel and the two main rail 

This emerged yesterday from 
the Channel Tunnel Group, 
whose French partner. Francc- 
Manche, is likely to be placing 
around the same scale of orders. 
On each side of the Channel the 
construction companies which 
arc among the founder share- 
holders. will be setting up a new 
company to carry through the 
construction of the tunnel and 
installing its equipment, includ- 
ing the rail rolling stock and 

On the British side, a single 
company is being formed by 
Balfour Beatty, Cosiain. Tar- 
mac. Tavlor Woodrow and 
Wimpcy. Ti will be responsible 
for total spending of £2..'00 
million at present prices, al- 
though inflation is expected to 
push the value eventually to 
about £3.500 million. 

The £700 million in orders 
will go out to competitive 
lender, but CTG says price will 
not be the only consideration: 
quality and delivery dates will 
also be crucial factors. 

The British orders will 
include: reinforcing steel f£!5 
million); cast iron tunnel lining 
(£30 million): pre-cast tunnel 

Industrial Editor 
lining (£130 million); cement 
(£18 million); aggregates for 
concrete (£30 million); spoil 
removal systems (£24 million l; 
construction plant, including 
vehicles (£50 million): other 
steel sections (£60 million); 
various materials and equip- 
ment (£100 million). 

On items such as the tunnel 
cutting machines or rolling 
stock a single design is likely, 
but if the main supplier was m 
Britain it is a possibility that 
licensing arrangements could 
mean some of the work would 
go to France, according to CTG. 
The British side will be ordering 
six tunnel cutting machines at a 
cost of £50 million; the French 
will need five. The British side 
will be ordering £97 million 
worth of signalling, power, 
lighting and control equipment, 
together with rolling stock to a 
value of £80 million. 

Speculation that it may be 
necessary to turn to Japanese | 
suppliers for tunnel cutting! 
equipment was dismissed by 
CTG. which maintains that a 
number of mining equipment 
suppliers, including some in 
Britain, should be able to 
produce such machines. 

The impact of the tunnel 
contracts are likely to be widely 
spread around Britain. Rail 
equipment could bring work to 
the Midlands and the North 
West, pre-cast tunnel linings 
could come from Midlands 
factories, there are reinforcing 
steel plants in the Midlands, 
North and South East, aggregates 
could come from areas like 
Wales and Derbyshire, and there 
are a number of cement-produc- 
ing locations including the South 
East. Derbyshire and Wales. 





FjT X ^ m 

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A grief-stricken poin* “ fo ^ ^ ^ 


Calls to end Crown immunity 

Thatcher memo battle 

Con tinned from page 1 
committee resumed its inquiry, 
stressed that last week the 
Commons had agreed by a 
majority of 1 50 for departmen- 
tal select committees to investi- 
gate the issues raised by 

The defence committee re- 
garded itself as observing the 
v.ishes of the House, and it 
followed that all necessary 
Information, including Govern- 
ment documents, should be 

The new twist to the West- 
land controversy' could pose the 
biggest test for the modern 
select committee system since it 
was established in 1979, and 
senior members of the defence 
committee are well aware of the 

The defence committee in- 
quiry, started before Mr Hesel- 
tine's resignation, is aimed at 
discovering the implications for 
Britain's defences, and their 
cost, in the options for the 
future of Westland. 

Continued from page 1 
per cent breached hygiene 
regulations and that 97 hospi- 
tals would have been pros- 
ecuted but for Crown imm un- 

If Mr Fowler decides to lift 
Crown immunity, a ready 
vehicle exists in a private 
Members Bill which Mr 
Richard Shepherd, Conserva- 
tive MP for Aldridge-Brown- 
ti ilk- has introduced into the 
Commons. The Government 
has yet to indicate a view on it 

The most passionate inter- 
vention came from Mr Jack 
Ashlev, Labour MP for Stoke- 
on-Trent South, who accused 
Mr Fowler of being directly 
responsible for the Wakefield 
deaths. The Government was to 
blame because it refused to 
abolish Crown immunity. 

Mr Meriyn Rees, the former 
Labour Cabinet minster, said 
that if the Stanley Royd events 

had occurred at a Bupa hospital 
there would have been criminal 

“What is good enough for 
Bupa patients is good enough 
for health service patients,” he 

said- . ^ ■ 

Mr Fowler emphasized that 
the report had found serious 
managment failures which had 
to be tackled whatever was done 
over Crown immunity. 

He dd, however, respond to a 
clear warning in the inquiry 
report that Britain's expertise in 
environmental health and the 
investigation and control of 
communicable - anything from 
food poisoning and lassa fever - 
is being Iosl 

The inquiry says it shares a 
“well-founded" concern that as 
the more senior Medical 
Officers of Health retire, such 
expertise will go “and will not 
necessarily be replaced by 
community physicians or ex 

perts in the more diverse field 
of community medicine". 

Mr Fowler announced in 
response that Dr Donald Ache- 
son. the Chief Medical Officer, 
is to lead an inquiry into the 
future development of the 
public health function, includ- 
ing the control of communi- 
cable diseases and the speciality 
of community medicine in 

The move follows mounting 
concern among senior doctors 
that local expertise in dealing 
with communicable disease has 
been diluted by repeated reorga- 
nizations of the health service,! 
inspire of the development of 
national expertise through the 
Communicable Diseases Sur- 
veillance Centre. 

Doctors also say that the new 
general managers are abolishing 
or down-grading the posts of 
community physicians who 
cany these responsibilities. 

Britannia stands by as 
Aden fighting goes on 

Continued from page 1 
were yesterday involved in 
delicate negotiations by ship-lo- 
shore radio with armed leaders 
in Aden to secure permission 
for the evacuation of the last 
re maining foreigners from the 
city (Nicholas Ashford writes). 

However, the negotiations 
were hampered by further 
outbreaks of fighting between 
rebel forces, who appeared to be 
gaining control of most of the 
south Yemeni capital, and 
pockets of troops still loyal to 
President Ali Nasser Muham- 
mad. . 

Forces opposed to the Presi- 
dent said last night they were in 
control of Aden and four of the 
country's six provinces. How- 
ever, communications re- 
mained cut, and rival radio 
stations broadcast conflicting 

A radio station controlled "by 
the rebels quoted the Yemeni 
Socialist Party’s Politburo as 
saying that “measures to bring 
the situation under control have 
been completed.” 

It said all foreigners in South 
Yemen would be protected. 

• Britannia’s brief: The Queen 
has said that the Royal Yacht 
ran remain off .• the South 
Yemen coast for as long, as it is 
needed in the present emerg- 
ency, Sir Geoffrey Howe* the | 
Foreign Secretary, told MPs in ! 
the Commons yesterday (Philip 
Webster writes). 

Sir Geoffrey and Mrs 
Thatcher led the .tributes in . the 
Commons yesterday over the 
role of Britannia and other 
naval vessels in the evacuation 
from Aden. . 

Parliamentary report, page 4 


fr-M V**J® ■*[ 



vie - t 

[or D-aiiv 


Today- s events 

Royal engagements 
The Duke of Kent, Colouel-in- 
Chief. the Royal Regiment of 
Fusiliers, visits C Company of the 
5th Battalion at Balham. SW12. 8. 

Exhibitions in progress 

Writers on the Walk recent 
photographs of British writers by 
Monire Childs; Bingham Library, 
Falon Place; Mon 9.30 to 5, Tues, 
Thurs and Fri 9.30 to 7.30. Sat 9 to 
l , closed Wed and Sun (ends Feb 8k 
Solomon: a family of painters; 
City Museum and Art Gallery, 
Chamberlain Sq. Biiuflngham; Mon 
to Sat 9.30 to 5,Sun 2 to 5 (ends 
March 8). 


Concert by Triptyqoe (flute. 

bassoon and piano); Radcliffe 
Centre. Buckingham University, 
Church Sl 1.15. _ _ 

Guilar recital by NeO Smith; 
Blackburn Central library. Town 
Hall Street, 12.45. w w . 

Concert bv the Chamber Music 
Society; King's Hall. Newcastle 
University. 7.30. 

Recital by Russell Davis (cello) 
and James Walker (piano); Belvotr 
Room, Leicester University, 1.10. 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Sirtfonietla; Pavilion Theatre, 
Weymouth. 7.30. 

Concert by the City of Birming- 
ham Symphony Orchestra; War- 
wich .Arts Centre, 2. 1 5 and 7.30. 


The World of Watercolours and 
Drawings fair. Park Lane Hotel, 

Piccadilly, London, official opening 
by Joanna Luraley 12; 1 1 to 8 daily, 
last day 1 1 to 7 (until Jan 26). 

The sounds of the syntherazer 
with Fraser Skeoch, South Hill Park 
Arts Centre. Bracknell, 1. 15. 

Book Market. Fisher HaD, 
Cambridge, 10 to 5. 

New books - hardback 

iStfSKStoS Tl25l400-1M0J& WB'alm Tydeman (Routledgo & Kagan 

— ■ 1- Oi A£\ 

TV top ten 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,950 


V 1 ■'! 


!■■■■ a agBSSj 

■ ■ ■ 



National ton am tatevtsicn programme* In the 
week anting January 12: 


1 Ea5tBalOT(Tu*/5un,21-95m 

2 EaatEndera {Thu/Sunj. 21 -85m 

3 Don't Wait Up, 13.75m 

t SXSS.W..® 

6 Wogan (Fill lZB5m 

7 THo Two Ronnies, 12.75m 
a HHJe-HI. 12.60m 

9 BfaeMB. Iiasm 

10 SomoMoBwraDo'awi'Em.loaSni 

1 Coronation Strart (Monk Granada1B.0tXn 

2 Coronation Street (Wed), Granada) 


3 People do the FUrteat Things, LWT, 

17 -85m 

4 Blind Date, LWT,17 J&ji 

5 Duty Free, Yorkshire 1Z35I11 

6 You Only Uve Twice. ITV, 17JOTI 

7 WWi You Were Hare. JMgrVWed). 1535m 

8 When Time Ran Out ITV, 15.10m 

9 This Is You Life, Thames. 14.75m 

10 Newer the Twain. Thamea. l3aom 

BBC 2 

1 Yaa Prime Minister, 7.60m 

2 The McGuffln, 495m 

3 Fony Mhutes, 4^5m 
3- Ski SirxJoy, 4.15m 

5 Tom O'Connor. *.15m 

6 Star Trek, 4.1 Dm 

7 TT* Natural World. 185re 

8 International DarttJTue 12233), 3-BOm 
&- In t ernati ona l Dwts (Thu 22:19). 3B0m 

10 The Thiel of Bagdad, 3JJ5m 

Channel 4 

1 Brookskfo (Mon/San, 82ftn 

2 Brookskle. (Tue/Sat), B.IOn 

3 Treasure Hunt 4.50m . 

4 The Come Strip Presort*. . - Sus«. 41 Ora 

5 lmamattonalSnookarfFrl 1509,190. 

6 Countdown fTue). 185m 

Forbes (Yi 
The Cota 

ale. £20) 

; E^shpwmic MecDdne to 1878. by Thoma* Rogers 
of Christopher HU, ReHrfon and Politic* in 17th Century 



A farther depression will 
cross to tiie N of Scotland, 
with associated fronts cross- 
ing the country. 

6am to midnight 

NOON TODAY iY**sur» I* drew** mOTm* 

The pound 

6 Countdown fToe). 385m 

7 Countdown (Fri). 3.66m 

8 A Chang* of Season*. 3 

. 8 AChang*ofSeesona,350m 
I 8-Countdown rrhuj, 350m 
1 10 Shwraa and Beyond. 3 -50m 

Breakfast MevMoR The average wetidy 
fanes for audience# *1 peak erne* (wrttn 
flquras In parentheal* showing the reach - the 
number ofpeopto who vtmmdnr at least three 

BBCUS'vofctef 7Jma:Monto Fri 1 ■3m(7’.4rn1. 
TV-enc Good MomiwBrttsfo: Mon to Fri 2.1m 
(10.0m): Sat SLSm, Sun 1*1 (Sat or Sixi 

Braedeeatare' Audience Reeeareti Board. 

The Coaectod Em* of Christopher HO. ReHglon ana ramce m »ru. — J 


Wales and West M4: Delays 
between junctions 22 and 24 
(Chepstow and Newport); east- 
bound hard shoulder closed and. 
outride lane westbound also dosed- 
A470: Outside lane d osed both 
ways at Coryton between M4 
juction 32 and Cardiffi A38s Delays 
on the Exeter to Plymouth road at 
Ivy bridge by pass; lane closures N 
and southbound. _ _ 

The North: M180: Contraflow 
be tw een junction 3 (Ml 80/Ml 81) 
and junction 4 (Ennine_ Street 
interchange), Scunthorpe Hamber- 
s jftp A167: Delays on North Ro, 
Partington, Durham; sewer repair 
work. A56: Contraflow on Man- 
chester Rd, Altrincham, Greater 
Manchester. . 

Glasgow: Width itsmo* 
lion on both carriageways due to 
junction improvement at Betba: 
Auldhouse Rd and Kitaarpock 
Road; delays. Perth: South Methven 
St dosed between High St and 
South St/County Place: diversion im 
operation; approach with care. A91 
lane closures on northb ound 
The Daily Express says: “Rob- 1 carria^way at EUon Rd; care 
bin g selected Peter to pay for 1 required • „ . »» 

collective Paul is now the Govern- 1 Jufonnathm supplied by the AA 

[he*v dcL 


raw apply ® trawaar*’ cheque* and otlwr 

foreign euTenoy twain***. 

RaMI Price Mme 3789. 

LouriORTh* FTlntiKCkiMCl ifll 23 *1108.7. 

The papers 

of 7Jma:Mcinto Fri 1 Jm (7.4m). 

1 Morning Britskr Mon to Fri 2.1 m 
29m, Sun 1.3m (Sit or Sui 

Parliament today 

Commons (230): Local Govern- 
ment BiD, remaining stages. Motion 
on Scottish rate support grant. 

Lords (230k Debates on prob- 
lems hieing schools; monopolies and 
mergers policy; and on Telephone 

The Daily Express says: “Rob- 
bing selected Peter to pay for 
collective Paul is now the Govern- 
ment's policy on rates”. The paper 
says: “Even though we are promised 
a new proposal next week, the feet 
remains that it is 10 years since the 
Tory party officially pledged itself 
*to abolish domestic rates in their 
present form*. Yet still the system 
remains.' Untouched. Unfair. In- 

“When Francis Pym, James Prior 
ami Sir Ian Gilmour are in total 
agreement, one thing is pretty 
certain. They are all wrongf* says 
The Sun, commenting on the Tory 
rebellion over the allocation of rate-] 
support grant It adds: “Like three j 
disastrous horsemen of the Apoca- 
lypse. they ride along with a pack of 
50 or so Tory rebels in the 
Commons, There is an dement of 
injustice in the Government 
proposals. Some counties are being 
penalized for making savings in 
previous years. But money can 
never be raised painlessly." 


Births: Frauds Bacon; viscount 
St Albans, London, 1561; Gotthdd 
Leasing. . dramatist and erme, 
Brunswick, Germany, 1729; G eorge 
Gordon Byron, 6th Baron_ Byron, 
London, 1788; August Strindberg, 
dramatist, Stockholm, 1849. 

Deaths: William Paterson, 

founder of the Bank of England, 
London 1719; Sir Joseph Whil- 
mwii Bv mechanical engineer, 
Monte Onto. 1887; Victoria, 
named 1837-1901, Osborne House, 
Me of Wight, 1901; Jame* Bryce. 

1st Viscount Bryce, politician and 
historian. Sidmouth, Devon, 1922, 
Walter Sickert, painter, Bath, 1942; 
Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th president 
of the USA 1963-69; Sfcn Antonio, 
Texas, 1973. 




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