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Kevo^Bg-door : 

Britain . . 

Why'some people • 
come in... and 

lady =of letters - 
RusSdl Harty 
meets author ... 
Moffy Keane 

Slippery soap 
to create 

anewrl>ynasty . . 

Tlie team : 

Jock Stein bnilt 
Scotland manager 
Alat Ferguson looks 
. forward to Mexico 


THURSDAY JANUARY 23 1986 /7? r * N / ft 

il Snger at 




TroiMte shared the £2,000 
Unto :'. Portfolio compeitioD 
prize yesterday. Miss Christine 
Jooes,flfGreasby, Wirral, and 
Mr S Catkr of Berkhamsted, 
each -receive £1,000. Portfolio 
list j*ge 24; how to play, 
information service, back page 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent SB ’ ' ' J ^‘ IK gpKjag visa to an immigration adjndi- 

_ <»;•- - cator. He wanted to join his 

Downing Street rources sai<L;.erial maccuracy” in a letter be •nKi ,: , v ••• 1 . ■■ British wife and five children, 

last night, that the -Prime had'- .written to a representative V ..ft *? •-> . ' bat the decision to let him 

Minister would' make a' “full: of the' European consortium - • ; . : ‘ - return will raise questions and 

and - robust” Commons state- bidding against United Tech- f|§§MHP?£p' '•' ’•' protests to the Home Office. 

afte wSSmd” We^S? 1 f ° r a . jvir Sahba has been inter- 

speculation yesterday after his SpeatoT'^Snwe have some Mr Leon Brittan, Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, with Miss Colette Bowe, head of information at the tite^cidenL he British staod 0,1 
departmental head of infor- explanation as to whether Miss ■ department, who is alleged to have ‘‘leaked - ” the Solicitor General’s letter to Mr Heseltine. 

mation had been named in the Colette Bowe consulted **» • • ~ • M«esciuue. One senior police officer 

By Stewart Tendler 

One of the Libyans besieged 
in die Libyan People's Bureau 
and then expelled after the 
murder of WPc Yvonne 
Fletcher has been allowed to 
return to Britain, it was 
revealed yesterday. 

S«n» Abdessalem Ben Rab- 
ba, a film technician, was 
aikmed into Britain last 
autumn after appealing for a 
visa to an immigration adjudi- 
cator. He wanted to join his 
British wife and five children, 
but the decision to let him 
return will raise questions and 
protests to the Home Office. 

Mr Rahba has been inter- 
viewed by police and is not 
considered a suspect in the 
shooting of the WPc as she 
guarded a Libyan dissident 
demonstration in April, 1984. 
However, his return raises 
issues over the British stand on 
the incident. 

granges m 
family TV 

Video recordings mid multiple 
television, ownership have 
changed the image of a family 
settling down to an evening’s 
viewing, an Independent Broad- 
casting -.Authority survey has 
found. The survey is also died 
to disprove public concern 
about tefevison violence Page 3 

Double rebuff 
for Danes 

Mr Uffe EUermann-Jensen, the 1 
Danish Foreign Minister met 
blunt refusals in London and 
.Rome during n European tour 
aunedjsx reopening negotiations 
cm - the EEC's reform package 

mation had been named in the Colette Bowe consulted the . _i_ ; 

House as ; the source of a Solicitor General or people in • . B B ' ’ a a a • 1 • 

If it was established that the before grofrig information to the Bank base rate set to rise Cardinal in 

Civil Servant leaked sensitive Press Association?” ' _ _ __ _ t»i »il 

t today as Bound slides split with 

someone close to him, then the . House and behind the scenes, . IUUWJ pUUUU kJllUVOP obnrifxr 

pressure for his resignation attempted to protect Miss D -j c Jr . . Lildrily 

would become irresistible. Bower, head of information at ®y David Smith and Edward Townsend J 

The Prime Minister’s state- the DepartmenTof Trade and A rise in bank base rates of 1 considerable battering yes ter- but later it made up the ground „ ? y CTMTord Longley 

ment wfll . conMnttnte on^die- Industry, from damaging pub- w . iy^ points, automatically day, relieved briefly by the against the weak pound. Religions Affairs Correspondent 

results Of a Cabinet Office brity by fruitlessly ■ asking triffiering an increase in mort- announcement of figures show- In New York last night the Cardinal Basil Hume. Arch- 

UKI ^ y H’f Malang of a . numrtere to put an end to the gage rates, is expected today ing lower-than-expected econ- pound fell below $1.39. bishop of Westminster* with- 

ronfidenlial letter _ from Sir sp oliatio n. after another bad day for the omic growth in the United “There’s nothing there to hold drew his patronage from the 

Patnck^ Matfiew, ^ the Solicitor ^ Westminster ^excitement pound yesterday. States. up the pound,” one foreign Royal Society for Mentally 

results of a Cabinet Office lirity by fruitlessly ■ asking 

Patrick Majdrew, the Sohotor - WestmiiKter excitepimt pound yesterday. - States. up the pound," one foreign Royal Society for Mentally 

General, to Mi- Micbarf Hesel- becamcso intense that afar the The Chancellor. Mr Nigel The pound dropped through exchange dealer said. “Even a Handicapped Children and 

toe, then Secretary of State far BBC had mistakenly suggested a Lawson, has resisted pressure' the $140 barrier, felling 1.6 rise in base rates may only Adults (Meacap) yesterday in 

Defence, on Januarv 6. rush Commons statement : J “ ' «•«*— w m 


Defence, on January 6. _ rush Commons statanent for su< * an increase, which cents to $1.6 cents to $1.3960. It steady it. 

The tetter -was leaked within might be made last night, Mr would be the second this also declined by six pfennigs to Monej 

hours of its delivery to Mr Alan Wflhams, an opposition month. But the weakness of the DM 3.41 1, an all-time low. vesterdaj 

by six pfenni, 
all-time low. 


Headline 1 with thejdanted and frombendi ^xjkesman, into- pound hs average value yester- The sterling index feU 6.9 to 

Money market interest rates j experiments on human em- 
yesterday were suggesting a base*] bryos. 

. highly dmnagmg extract that the yeneddunng a drfate on the day was the lowest -for ten 75.3, its lovrest since March. 
Law Officer had accused his Local Government Ml to ask raon ths - is likely to force his This week the index has fallen 
colleague of including a “mat- whether the Law Officers had by 2.6 points, or 3.3 per cent 

- Fear of disaster, page 1. 
. Lndim article, page 17 

rj m TTi^JifaifriaidilirfiwrenGary 
v .*r; Kaqbv, the new world chess 
^ p '-chaiB^nju, and Anatoly Karpov 
; i-s'. is to :%£ postponed for wx 
- $ ‘£ mouw ‘after a compromise 
i ’jj- iKg^gcd in Moscow Page g 

V Ccn^iil] buyer 

i Conihifl Insurance is being 
- bougfaf-Jv Allianz Verriche- 

j ; rungs nf West Germany for 
r x £305 xtuBion, but ComhilTs 

• >. spousonflup of cricket Test 
' matches k unlikely to change 

r >- Page 21 

,;X Ulster view 

“We.ftid bitter; they're trying 
. , to Rinse ns into a united 
•’ • IrehuuL" Bri Mooney spoke to 
ordinary Ulster people. Includ- 
ing tins widow, to capture the 

f mood Of a province defiant oa 
theeve of 35 hy-elecrions. 

- - . Spectrum, page 14 

Leading article, page 17 

Kampala terror 

„ Four children and several other 
;! people were shot dead byi 
i rampaging Uganda Govern - 1 
; '] ment troops after clashes with] 
rebel guerrillas on the edge of 
the capital, Kampala. ' 

Earlier report, page 8 

.. -J* Geldof praise 

" After lunching with President 
Mitterrand m Paris, Bob Gel- 
dof, organizer of Live Aid, had 
r.* praise for French gener- 

osity in response to a request for. 
famine aid Photograph, page 10 

:? BT setback 


. : British Telecom’s planned pur- 

chase of MileL a Canadian 

■ ji telecommunications group, is 
>' expected to be blocked by the 

- Monopolies and Mergers 
. ,'(• Commission P^e21 

- Holmes out 

• lr Terry "Holmes, the former 
!*• Welsh rugby union captain 
. injured: in both manges be has 
1; played since turning to rugby 

* ■ ;• league, will miss the rest of. the 

season. Page. 25 

The innovators 

... «'" r ' There has been a quiet revol- 
ution in Whitehall and the Civil 
Service now needs more inno- 
/ vators and risk-takas, Mr 
, <■" Dennis Trevelyan, the First 
... •' Civil Service Commissioner, 

says in an introduction to 
■■ j** today’s eight-page General 

■ Zt Appointments section 

. £ Pages 33-40 


issued an ultimatum to . the 
Prime Minister. • 

Leaders of the 

: value yester- The sterling index fell 0.9 to rate of 13.5 per cent, a one- He demanded that his name 
i west ^ for ten 75.3, its lowest since March, point increase. be removed from all Men cap 

[y to force his This week the index has fallen The Bank of England has publications, which, a charity 
by 2.6 points, or 3.3 per cent been holding down base rates spokesman said it would have 
Confederation Since the beginning of Decern- for the past week through its cost “thousands of pounds in 

cl r tf it fkotv Iuvp tka iitrammi srattiA rtf mnnpxi murl'/ri ftrv*roTi'rtnp Knl if * - J - 1 w 

to Mrs Margaret . Thatcher, 

• . . of British Industry, at their her, the average value of the money market operations, but it done immediately”. 

monthly council meeting yester- pound has dropped by 7.5 per may now be powerless to a Roman Catholic member 

SS to?*. &.***&- cent. prevent a rise. of Mencap's national council, 

mevitobdity of a nse m base The sharp fafi yesterday There are suggestions that the Mr Bert Bertoloni. appealed to 
retary. had d elivere d jus report ratesfrom 12. 5 per cent. ' occurred drapite steady oil Banks best tactic could be to Catholics not to follow Cardinal 

cent. prevent a nse. - 

The sharp fall yesterday There are suggestions that the 
occurred despite steady oil Bank's best tactic could be to 

, . Jerc 11 ** Beckett, the prices and gloomier US econ- impose a base rate rise of 2 Hume's lead in withdrawing 

I CBr ^ dirirctor-general, said. “It onric news. The price of North percentage points to stop the support He disagreed with the 

by niiiagouiresxgnattons. - . I jj not the endof the worid.” Sea Brent crude oil, for deli very speculation against the pound cardinal's view 

Kill - . ur I ' - • Lffle . 1 a* A«l- Cw*' an A^m - - - * y"*T*T - - ■ * - - *-k — * * - “ f f n rA « !■» smaIb* a 

8111 ' And-Sir-iames'Gleminion, CBl -m March, was about 51930 a in its tracks. 

I ~ expressed private anger yester- 

'/linal HI day at an apparent retreat in 
Ulllitl 111 the Government position, and 

- the Police Federation an- 

llfl With nounoed that it would raise Mr 
VTJ.1.AR Rahba ’s return with the Home 

l • a ' Secretary. 

naritV Mr Tony Judge, the Feder- 

r ” «7 a don’s spokesman, said Mr 

lifford Longley Hnrd » Home Secretary, 

^flairs Cor^pindent ««“ ** to,d ** Fed «- 
^ abort s concern. Mr Judge said: 

I Basil Hume, Arch- “We think it is disgusting. 

Westminster, with- Why was he thrown out in the 
patronage from the first place? It was considered 
ciety for Mentally necessary to expel him, so 
ted Children and whatever explanation the 
[encap) yesterday in Home Secretary gives, there is 
t its support for something wrong”, 
ts on human em- Qwenie Fletcher, 

, . 4 . . . . mother of the dead WPc, said: I 

that „ h « am really surprised. I am 

^ surprised that someone who 

is. which, a chanty ^ the bttreaa b ^ ^ 

' it would have coon try. 1 do see in one sense 
L^n^ of pounds m bat it is 

stnaieiy . bard to understand why really 

an Catholic member jj| ^ s^ase of justice, 
p s national council, “jf j( aas the other way 
lerloteni. appealed to roand i don't think it would 
rot to foUow Cardinal happen. Y ou would not be 
ead m withdrawing allowed to go there and they are 
le disagreed with the ^ holding a number of 
views, and said there Britons out there. I feel regret 

Savours, LJour MPJ for Wor- presideut. said tfiat foriegn barrel. 

angtoiL tabial a question to the c^diange speculators were con- . In Washington, it was an- 
Prime. Mi mster ask ing tt the centralisa too much tm oil and nninwd that the . US ecnnnmv 

xr= — : — r_ — — . — centratiug too much tm oil and nounoed that the US economy down base rates if it was f .. . r - -. . ^ wn*- 

Government v^^tote pro-, ignoring other aspects of the grew at an annualized rate of 2.4 possible to see a light at the end iSif SS 

ccodings a^j^t Qjlette Bowe economy. per cent in the fourth quarter of of the tunneL But that does not ^n'erbirry, Dr Ro^rt Runne, about , 3fl • ® aes fronl RIr 

rador the pfficialSGcrets Act “The international financial last year, down from the seem likely." J?* . , R ■ 

for the unauthorized diKilosiue mBAets ^ ^ c^hange ongma] estimate of 3.2 per cent. - The building societies, which ^ ,oSF2fi?!25!l 

of mfonnabon m relation to the dealers, who have gbt the bit US overall growth in 1985 absorbed the last base rise, will “2^!™ connnuui S “ e,r J974 after marrying tes 

c between their teeth, are not was 2.3 per cent, compared with probably have to match each 5 ?J orL r w- Tnh _ r Kath i le ^ n r ^ , ear J“5' 

Mr CamptwU-Savours also seeing the good side of what is 6.6 per cent the previous year, subsequent rise point for point. t ^ d , *ӣ?? 

asked the Speaker for a happening.” The dollar was hit initially by Each percentage point in- ^ 

Continued on back page, Ctri 7 The pound came in for a the lunchtime announcement. Continued on back page, col 1 wn te ! nC ? t TrTr,n^ S ?? 1 i S e 1 0 

* was room for a difference of (hat the Govemnent not 

opinion among Catholics. taken a firm line on this 

i* if it was Two other religious patrons Mrs Fletcher lives in the 


of mfbnnauon m relation to the dealers, who have gbt the bit 
Wesfland afi&urT • between their teeth, are not 

Mr CampteU-Savours also seeing the good side of what is 
asked the Speaker for a happening.” 

Continued iu backpage^ eat 7. The pound came in for a 

Canterbury, Dr Robert Runrie, about 30 miles from Mr 
and the Chief Rabbi, Sir Rahba's home. 

Immanuel Jakobovits, stated Mr Rahba came to Britain in 
they were continuing their 1974 after marrying his wife, 
support. Kathleen, a year earlier. The 

In December, Mencap's couple's fifth child was born a 
national council agreed a policy month before the siege, which 
statement in response to the started on April 17, 1984. 

Murdoch to 
see print 

Peres plea to seize 
chance for peace 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

Mr Shimon Peres, the Israeli were devoted mainly to an 
Prime Minister, made a power- -exchange of views about how 
ful plea for pro g ress towards a . each believed the peace process 
Middle East peace settlement could be advanced. .Bilateral 

Side effects Ships move 
cause drug in for last 
withdrawal Aden rescue 

Each percentage point in- 

rnnrinnoHnnWi , statement m response to the 
Contmaed on hack page, col 1 Warnock Rcpon and proposals 

1 • for legislation to control embryo 

thmc irmvp f experimentation. It amounted 

When it ended II days later 
Mr Rahba left the bureau with 
another 29 Libyans, some of 

to a qualified endorsement for them holding diplomatic im- 
experiments at the early stage of munity. He was taken to a 

By Donald Madntyre 
Labour Editor 

. . . | fill plea lor progress towards a . each believed the peace process 

Mr Rupert Murdoch, ritaur? 1 Middle East peace settlement could be advanced. Bilateral 
man of News International, wffl {yesterday, but. his talks with issues including the British 

today meet leaders of the print 
unions ; threatening industrial 
action against the company’s 
Fleet Street newspapers. 

A company statement last 
night said that Mr Murdoch 
had agreed to the talks at the 
request of Miss Brenda Dean, 
general secretary of Sogat 82, 
the biggest print union, and 
that the talks would not 
concern the company’s new 

By Robiii Young 
The chemical company 
Hoechst yesterday announced 
that it has withdrawn die anti- 
depressant drug Mental, after 

erabrionic existence, under legal 

Cardinal Hume declared his 
position in an article in The 
Times last summer, saying he 
was against procedures involv- 
ing the destruction of embryos 

British Government leaders arms embargo .on Israel, were | a rapid increase in reports of 

revealed -there were still ob- touched onbriefly. 

serious side effects among 

stacles to direct talks. between. Mis Thatcher informed Mr patients using, the drag in 
Israel and a Jprdanian-Palesti- Peres of the 'talks she had held Britain, 
niah delegation. with -King. Husain in London. Menial has-been available 

Addressing a packed meeting last week,, but British officials for nine years, and Hoechst 
at Chatham Hoiite, London, Mr insisted she did not pass on any estimate that 5<W, 000 patients 
Peres said that 1986 was “a m ess a g e from fhe Jordanian jn. this country, and 15 mm™, 
crucial year. - . .'maybe the last monarch...... worldwide, have used it. The 

for peace.” He urged King Earlier, over breakfast. Sir number currently being pre- 
Husain of Jordan and moderate Geoffrey had discussed the scribed Merital in Britain was 
Palestinian leaders “not to outcome of the visit which be 50,000. - 

high _ technology plant at -confine this moment to the fate paid to three Middle Eastern In Britain the company had 
W*nnins in East London. • of missed opportunities” . countries lart week. “But I don’t received 296 adverse reaction 

The Israeli leader, son the t*>faV either of them has any reports to the drug, 14 involv- 
first day of an official visit to . dearer idea how to advance the tng haemolytic anaemia: (dam- 
Britain. was clearly emphasizing . peace process.” one British age to red blood cells). Follow- 
the need to establish a median- official observed. ing guidance by the Committee 

Wapping in East London. 

The company has said it 
does not intend to recognize 
production onions other than 
the electricians’ union at the 
East LondoaplanL 

The statement said that. the 
talkie would be about The 
Tunes and The Sunday Times 
at Gray’s Inn Road and the Snn 
«mT News of . the -'World at 
Bouvoie Street, where - the 
company wants to negotiate 
new agreements, = including 
changes in maturing levels and 
working practices. 

* The new moves, xame last 
night as the TUC sought to 
arrange a meeting within 48 

hoars of all five print unions, . 

Continued on page % col 4.-] spent atone with Mrs Thatcher 

the need to establish a median- official observed. fug guidance by the Committee 

ism for peace negotiations over - One. of the main issues on Safety of Medicines last 
the next nine months that discussed at yesterday’s meet- year and warnings from 
cannot be reversed by Mr ings - and which will feature Hoechst, 17 of the haemolytic 
Yitzhak Shamir,- his coalition agpin when 'Mr Peres holds «i>«wma cases have come to 
partner, due to lake over as further talks in London this light in the past six. months. 
Prime Minister in October. week with Mr Richard Murphy, and- four in- the- past three 

Because of he sensitivity of the US Assistant Secretary of weeks, 
the talks Mr Peres held State for Middle East Afiairs - Menial ' is suspected of 
yesterday with Mrs Margaret is how-to bring the Palestinians involvement in eight reported 
-Thatcher and Sir Geoffrey into the peace process. deaths, inclu ding three associ- 

Howe,' the Foreign Secretary, King Husain is not prepared ated with' haemolytic anaemia 
British and Israeli officials to take part in direct talks with in Britain. Hoechst said there 
agreed to reveal only the barest Israel without the involvement were indications that immune 
details. of Mr Yassir Arafat, leader of allergic reactions put patients 

The 90 minutes which he the Palestinian Liberation Otga- at greater risk if they were 

nization (PLO). receiving, a second course 

By Our Diplomatic 

Correspondent tog the destnictio 

A big evacuation operation on principle, 
was under way last night to ^ secretary general of 
remove the remaining foreign Continued on back page, col 2 

nationals from Aden, where 
rival Marxist factions have been 
engaged in a bloody - and still 
unresolved - power struggle for 
the past nine days. 

The Ministry of Defence said 
the Royal Yacht Britannia was 
among a number of vessels of 
various nationalities picking up 
several hundred people, includ- 
ing the Britons, from Little 

It was hoped that all foreign- 
ers would have been removed 
from the Aden area by daybreak 

According to a French 
government spokesman, an- 
other evacuation operation was 
taking place 250 miles away at 
the port of al-Mukalla, where 
several hundred foreigners had 
congregated from the surround- 
ing countryside. British and 
French ships were standing 
offshore, wailing to carry 
evacuees to safety. 

The evacuation operation at 
Little Aden yesterday was 
delayed by a new outbreak of 
fighting in the capital and bad 

Fifty-one rescued, page 12 

Government college at San- 
nin gdale before being pnt on an 
aircraft to Libya. 

In the Commons after the 
incident the Government said 
that two Libyans, holding 
diplomatic protection, had been 
identified from among the 30 as 
being key suspects. Police 
Continued on page 2, col 5 


NOW herpsaWa! 



Group Lotus taken oyer by General Motors 

By Lawrence Leva: 

Group Lotus, maker of the 
fam ous range of high-peribnn- 
aooe sports cars is bring taken 
over by General Motors, the 
world’s largest car group, 
manufactures the - Cadillac, 
Vauxhall and Opel ranges. 

In a deal which valpes the 
company at £22.7 - million. 
General Motors .acquired 58 per 
cent of the shares in Group 
Lotus yesterday - and, w&h the 
backing of the -Lotus board, is 

The Man (left) and the Esprit famous models from the Lotus stable 
However, it : was clear that principal shareholders. British Louis -’when "the 


Mr Chapman had founded 
the company - thci called 
Lotus cars - in 1955, in 
backstreet premises in London. 
Its first model was the Lotus 
Elite, which was followed by the 
Lotus Elan and the Lotus Turbo 
Esprit The Lotus cars sell for 
between £16,000 and £21,000. 
The company became a public 
company in 1968 and over tbc 
years its cars have won seven 
Formula One world champion- 

. Mr . Alan . Curtis, deputy 

Home News 2*5 

Oversew ’• 7-11 
Appta '.'18 
Arts 20 

Badness 21-25 
Court . j8 

Crossw&da 1432 
K«iy .36 
Eteris 36 
Features 14-16 

Law Report 10 
I xrirag articles 
and Letups 17 
Parliament 4 
Sale Room. . 18 
Sri mr . • . 18 
Sport 25-28 
TV* Radio 31 
Weather. 32 
WHb - -18 

W*ek Of fotensT roeaTlation in in the middle of lixt year. Lotus, sold Us holding of 29 per gations that itslate chairman. Mr Mark Thatcher, who 

the Citv- Shares of Lotus were Mr Michael Kimberley, cent of the. company, and. J.C. Mr. Cohn Chapman, has works for the company in the 

cucnonied last week at- the -Group Lotus chief executive^ Bamford, the construction “swindled” John D. Lorean the US. was in any way involved 

company’s request, pending said yesterday the company company, sold its 19 per cent, car manufectunrr, out of £13 Toyota, the other principal 
todav’smuiouxiceznciiL L ..- - “would have to review its slake. Funds managed by milium. shareholder in Group Lotus, 

A ™^Smrigned by complete product plan?- in the Schroder Blagg. the .merchant . • ^tus had-earlier s^ned a £ 1 2 with 21 per cent of the 

boffi co^^S^tSSTsaid fight Of the deal. ■ ' : bank, accounted for the balance million contract to provide company, had been aware of the 

SSr^^ld^Siueto ^Tht bulk of the Loin* shares’ of the 58 per cent sale. . engineering' wort for Mr De ; negotiations with General 
operate “asa separate entity bought by General Motors Mr Wickins masjcnnmded ..Lorean s now delunct sports car Motors but had not made a firm 
TZiZ nwre nrodSidentitv Vcsi&day came from two of its the rescue package for. Group company in BcI&sl . . offer. 

SOCIETY rates can qui te likely save you not 
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Quite simply we can arrange for ALL your borrowing 
including those expensive store accounts, overdrafts, hire 
purchase and loans to be lumped together. 

Not in another finance company arrangement but 
a low cost facility at Building Society Rates of Interest 
So we are not talking about halving your outgoings - more like 
halving your interest rate on expensive store accounts, 
personal loans etc. And there's a lot of difference. 

The funds raised can be used for almost any purpose, and 
qualifying loans can be paid net of tax in the normal way. 

SO... build that extension.. .install that central heating... pay c-ft 
all those accounts... raise that capital. 


Telephone now for full detailsor complete the coupon below ior 
your immediate very personal but no oblation quotation. 

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To INTER CITY FINANCE LTD. 166. Newport Road. CcnStt. 

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HOW! . 

V w c*- « iS a.! f 1 
ticef.toc* ' - - 

☆ -A* • : -‘A - I with its ownprodwtt identity” ' yesterday 



Ministry wants Employers 
rabies controls better offer 

to be built into 
Channel tunnel 

to teachers 

By Hugh Clayton Environment Correspondent 

The Government has called an infected animal, is widc- 
for precautions against rabies to spread in much of central 
be built into the Channel tunnel Europe, and has moved across 
and the trains that use it The France and closer to the channel 
Ministry of Agriculture yester- in recent years, 
day named two precautions Britain and Ireland are 
which it would ask for in among few parts of the world 
detailed talks with the Channel still free from rabies, a virus 
Tunnel Group and rail oper- disease which can lead to an 
ators. agonizing death. The Govern- 

Thcy are grilles to be built ment relies wholly on protec- 
into the floor at each end of the tion through import and animal 
tunnel and sealed windows on quarantine laws and has no 
the trains. The grilles would be pojicy of regular vaccination of 
similar to those set into the animals. 

iround near farm entrances. 

The Royal Society for the 

Their purpose would be to Prevention of Cruelty to Ani- 
rcducc the risk of entry by mals said yesterday that it was 

animals capable of carrying satisfied with assurances given 
rabies. The sealed windows, by the ministry to Mr David 

already fitted in Britain's high- Wilkins, the society's chief 
•.peed trains, would stop people veterinary officer. The society 

throwing food into the tunnel. said that everything necessary 

, . . , would be done to prevent the 

Colomzauon ot the tunnel disease from reaching Britain 
by animals such as rats is one of through ^ lvmn eL 

the worries that people have," 
ministry spokesman said. "But 

By Lucy Hodges 

Education Correspondent 

The teachers’ employers meet 
this afternoon to consider 
whether they can afford to 
improve their pay offer and 
pave the way for a settlement to 
the i 1 -month-old dispute. 

Both sides meet again tomor- 
row at the conciliation service 
Acas to discuss a peace plan, 
which involves settling the 1985 
claim and drawing up a 
framework for talks on teachers* 
pay structure nod conditions of 

A settlement is possible only 
if the employers arc able to raise 
their last informal offer of 6.9 
per cent, staged so that teachers 
would receive 7.5 per cent by 
the end of March. 

The biggest teachers' union, 
the National Union of Teach- 
ers, is refiising to take part in 
the Acas talks. It has said it will 
continue its work-to-rule. al- 
though not its strikes if there is 
a settlement of which it 

Either way. the schools are 
likely to face continuing indus- 
trial action. 

The French government has 

animals’ will colonize only if unveiled a huge progamme for 

there is a food source." r °? d ’ and po " d < f ve ^ pm , e ° t 

The ministry emphasized the approval on Monday 

that it did not expect the tunnel for , *e 
to increase the risk of rabies in rad lunne - M ■*? an Auroux, the 
Britain. The measures were transport minister said the 
dcsiened to continue the government and local auth- 

Govemment's policy of keeping ® r l t . ,es ! nv '®** five IO 

the disease out of Britain. The blI,,on francs in die next seven 
disease, which can be traits- especially m the French 
mined by a bite or a lick from Channel pons. 

• Local authorities reacted 
angrily yesterday to news that 
the Government may tighten its 
grip on education spending by 

directing more money through 
grants earmarked for specific 

Civil Servants at the DES are 
thought to be talking about 
removing 10 to 15 per cent of 
education spending now at the 
discretion of the local auth- 
orities. and channelling it into 
areas of education favoured by 
the Government. 

Full security alert 
for Ulster elections 

Police chief praises critic 

From Richard 

A full security alert began in 
Northern Ireland last night as 
voters prepared for polling in 1 5 
by-elections caused by the 
resignation of Unionist MPs 
from Westminster in protest at 
the Anglo-Irish agreement. 

Extra police and troops will 
be on duty guarding polling 
stations and candidates 
throughout today as voting 
takes place in an election that 
will overwhelmingly endorse 
the Unionist parties’ opposition 
to the deal with Dublin. 

.Although the weather forecast 
last night was for a cold, wintry 
and wet day. the Official 
Unionist and Democratic 
Unionist panics expect a huge 
turn-out of “loyalists", who fear 
they have been betrayed by the 
British Government and that 
the union with Britain is at risk. 

The parties want more than 
500.000 votes for their "Ulster 
Says NO" campaign, which 
they have portrayed as a 
referendum on the agreement 
which gives the Irish Republic's 
government a consultative role 
m the affairs of Northern 
Ireland- A total of 953,494 
people are entitled to vote for 
41 candidates, including all 15 
outgoing Unionist MPs and a 
dummy candidate with the 
name of the Irish Republic’s 
Minister for Foreign Affairs, 
Peter Barry, who is standing in 
four constituencies. 

The results arc a foregone 
conclusion as 1 1 of the seats are 
Lmionist strongholds and in the 
four border marginals of Mid- 
Ulster. Fermanagh South 
Tyrone, South Down, and 
Newry and .Armagh, the 
nationalist vote is split between 
candidates representing the 
Social Democratic and Labour 
Party and Provisional Sinn 
Fein. Unionists expect io win 
all four, although a big upset 

Ford, Belfast 

could occur in Newry and 
Armagh where the SDLP has 
made a tremendous effort to 
increase its support and win the 
seat for its deputy leader. Mr 
Seamus NlaHon. 

The struggle between physi- 
cal-force republicanism and 
constitutional nationalism in 
the four marginals will be 
watched by both the British and 
Irish governments for signs that 
the vote for Provisional Sinn 
Fein is declining, or at least 
static, in the wake of the 
agreement. The Alliance party, 
urging voters in five constitu- 
encies to give the agreement a 
chance, is bracing itself for a 
poor showing when the votes 
arc counted tomorrow. 

Mr Gordon Cunningham, 
education officer of the Associ- 
ation of County Councils, said 
the proposal to increase the 
education support grant system 
would mean more money spent 
on aspects of the service 
favoured by the Government of 
the day and less available for 
the nest, which might be more I 
important to parents and local I 

The .Association of Metro- 
politan Authorities believes it 
would increase central Govern- 
ment control of the curriculum. 
“This is bad from the point of 
view of education and democ- 
racy.” said a spokeman. 

By Stewart Tendler 
Crime Reporter 

The police commander for 
the Tottenham area yesterday 
publicly defended his strategy 
before last year's riot and said 
the sergeant who criticized him 
should be recommended for 
promotion rather than face 

Chief Supt Colin Couch was 
strongly criticized in an inter- 
nal memorandum on the riot, 
written by Woman Police 
Sergeant Gillian MeynelL 
leader of a home beat team on 
the Broadwater Farm estate. 
Details of the memorandum, 
which accused the superintend- 
ent of ignoring warnings of a 
prospective riot, were leaked 
earlier this week. 

Yesterday, Mr Conch said a 
suggestion in the memorandum 
that a crate of petrol bombs 
had been found before the riot 
and ordered to be thrown away 

was wrong. He said feat WPS 
Meynell now accepted she was 
wrong and fee crate merely 
held empty milk bottles. 

Asked about fee allegations 
that bags which might have 
been evidence of drag dealing 
were collected on his orders bat 
then destroyed, Mr Couch said 
it would “seem a nonsense.'* He 
had ordered the collection. He 
did not know the bags had been 
collected and if he had they 
would have been used for 
intelligence purposes. 

Apart from the warnings 
from WPS Meynell of possible 
trouble last year he had also 
received other reports from fee 
Tottenham area. He was 
responsible not just for the 
Broadwater Farm estate seat of 
fee riot but for the whole-area. 

meaning of “no-go”. “If you try 
to protect officers in times of 
particular tension, then pre- 
sumably yon have a no-go." 

Mr Couch said he had been 
trying to protect his officers by 
not involving them in danger- 
ous situations. He understood 
there were those within police 
ranks who felt policing should 
have been more positive. ' 

The estate was “tmpoliceable 
in real terms because it is a 
fortress, designed for crime". It 
was a particular challenge to 
an y police officer, particular 
senior officers trying to manage 
it- * . - ■■ 

The memorandum suggested 
there had been a “no-go" area 
in the estate and Mr-Conch 
said it depended on fee 

The Yard has not com- 
mented on fee interview wife, 
fee complaints investigation 
bureau officers bnt one source 
said .yesterday that fee ser- 
geant had been asked about 
making a. complaint and had 

Unions accuse electricians 

Polling takes place against 
renewed terrorist attacks on the 
security forces with the Pro- 
visional IRA using mortar 
shells against an Ulster Defence 
Regiment base at Dungannon, 
County Tyrone, last Wednesday 
night and engaging in a gun 
battle with British soldiers near 
Crossmaglcn in south Armagh 
several hours later. 

Three mortar shells exploded 
inside the UDR base, slightly . 
injuring two soldiers, and 
another destroyed a lorry used 
in the attack when it exploded 
prematurely, a fifth was made 
safe by experts, Tvyo schools 
near the base were closed 
yesterday and a num ber of 
pupils went to another school to 
take A level examinations. The 
Provisional IRA alleged that its 
members had fired 2,000 
rounds during the gun battle in 
south .Armagh which local 
people said lasted for. 20 
minutes. The IRA claimed their 
target was an SAS unit operat- 
ing from a derelict house. 

Spectrum, page 14 
Leading article, page 17 

By Donald MacIntyre 
Labour Editor 
The EETPU has acted in a 
“way detrimental to fee inter- 
ests of the trade union move- 
ment" and ignored TUC advice 
by co-operating in fee recruit- 
ment of labour for News 
International's Wapping plant, 
according to fee text of a 
formal complaint made against 
it by fee other four print 

The confidential document 
which was given to the general 
council yesterday, puts forward 
evidence which it says shows 
that' as recently as this month 
applications for jobs at fee 
plant were processed through 
.fee union's Southampton area 
office. The document also 
argues t hat this is in breach of 
fee TUCs formal advice that It 
shoold not have any airagne- 
ment separate from the other 
print nnions at News Inter- 

The complaint which is over 
30 pages long, alleges that on 
September 30 fee print unions 
were told by Mr Tom Rice, the 
-electricians' national officer for 
fee* print industry, that no 
further recruitment for Wap- 
ping would take place via 

Southampton and that it was 
not fee EETPLTs intention to 
train its members to take over 
work normally done at Wap-. 
P«ng- ‘ 4 - 

The document contends that 
despite these assurances re- 
cruitment, including that of 
non-onion workers who were 
subsequently given EETPU 
cards, continued 

The document includes an 
application- form for employ- 
ment with News International 
which has attached to it a 
compliments slip signed by 
Mrs V Seaman, whom it says is 
the secretary to fee Southamp- 
ton area secretary. 

It was applied for and sent to 
an NGA member. 

The document claims that a 
second application form was 
tilled in by an AUEW member 
in Glasgow who on enquiring 
about fee work with News 
InternationaL was referred to 
fee home address of the 
EETPU area secretary. The 
document says the member was 
told he would be required to 
undertake plate-making - a job 
normally carried out by print 
union members - and that he 
would be required t o leave fee 
AUEW and join the EETPU. 

The unions complaining that 
the EETPU acted in a way 
detrimental to the interests of 
fee union, that it has a separate 
arrangement^ with News Inter- 
national agmnst advice, issued 
under Rule *1 of fee TUC, and 
that it has failed to join in fee 
common approach to nego- 

Grouse fall 
blamed on 


The union said last night that 
it would - not be commentinbg 
until it had studied the docu- 
ment in full, particularly in view 
of the length. 

• Mr Rupert Murdoch, chair- . 
man of News InternationaL last 
night made a “final appeal" to 
all staff to continue working. 

“1 know there are very many 
of yon who. despite fee strike 
ballot, do not -want to give up 
work with its consequent loss of 
pay and benefits. We do .not 
want you to stop coming in," he 
said in a letter. - 

Mr Murdoch went on: “I still 
hope that we can avoid fee 
strike action feat, has been 
threatened. 1 1 want us to 
continue to produce our titles at 
both fee existing plants, at fee 
same time as we see our needed 
expansion going ahead at Tower 

Before you go househunting 
ask Abbey National for one 
of these ■. 

Murdoch to 

see print 


STICK ‘vxr ^ 

of.rV? ‘/d*V 

Continued from page L 
including fee Electrical Elec- 
tronic Telecommunication and 
Plumbing Union, in a further 
attempt to agree a common 
approach to negotiations with 
the company. 

Earlier fee TUC General 
Council agreed to hold a speiai 
meeting next Tnesday to decide 
whether to proceed wife a 
formal investig ation un der Rule 
13 against fee EETPU. which 
could lead to fee union's 

suspension and eventual expul- 
sion firom the TUC. 


"• T’ %! h . >4 

f r "5 '■ *j 

... ...... .K M. 

, . I* * ,orp 

Pip ■ 

fcfesx— - . .. . v' /r? 

Before you go house- the right property, Abbey National can 

hunting talk to Abbey then provide you with a written mortgage 

National about a mortgage, offer on it within 7 days. 

Well give you a special This is just one of many ways Abbey 

Mortgage Certificate which National helps make housebuying 

confirms how much you can borrow. simpler and faster. So, before you start 
So when you make an offer on a . househunting contact your local J ) 
property, sellers and estate agents will Abbey National branch. 

when you have found ABBEY NATIONAL 

RiB written details of the Society 4 mortgage fadEocj are available hum. L* 


Pmerrium »n Seaimd BediHerent Conwh vocr Sokwtftwtc Ajtmi ' 

In Anther pressure on fee 
EETPU, a private meeting of 
some right-wing trade union 
leaders on fee eve of yester- 
day's General Council is 
understood to have warned fee 
electricians that fee union 
could not count on their support 
if the Rule 13 complaint was 

The meeting at fee Iron and 
Steel Trades Confederation 
j headquarters on Tuesday night 
of unio n lea ders sympathetic to 
fee EETPU is understood to 
have passed the message on to 
the electricians’ General Sec- 
retary. Mr Eric Hammond, 
who missed the General Coun- 
cil meeting through Alness. 

Sun journalists yesterday- 
voted by an estimated two to 
one to call on their national 
officers to open “exploratory" 
talks wife management on their 
plans for Wapping. 

The National Union of 
Journalists’ chapel (office 
branch) also voted to reaffirm 
its policy agreed last month 
saying that the introduction of 
new technology was “inevit- 
able". In the meantime it 
instructed members to attend 
feeir normal place of work. 

Nurses’ pay 
rise ‘could 

hit NHS 

Dr ug abuse 
in Wirrai 


among wor st 

in thetJK 

By Nicholas Timmins 
' Social Services 

The National Health Service 
(aces cuts in services if nurses 
are given a pay rise above 6 per 
cent ihis April fee Government 
has told fee independent review 
body which recommends nurs- 
es’ pay- . 

Each one per cent on fee pay 
bill is equivalent to 2,000 hip 
replacements plus 2,000 coron- 
ary by-pass operations, or the 
average cost of treating 34,000 
in-patients, fee Department of 

Health and Social Security has 
told fee review body. 

Pans of the Departments’ 
confidential report were' pub- 
lished yesterday in fee maga- 
zine Nursing Times. . 

The DHS5 action will infuri- 
ate nurses, who will see the 
statements as an attempt to 
blackmail the review body into 
malting a low award. 

Nurses’ organizations have 
put in evidence seeking in- 
creases of between eight and 24 
per: cent to bring feeir salaries 
back to their 1975 leveL 

The document apparently 
states that fee cost of last year's 
award for nurses - an average of 
just over 8 per cent - will 
prevent health authorities from 
being able to afford any real pay 

rise for nurses this year. 

An increase of 6 per cent in 
April fee Department says, 
would leave the NHS wife no 
money for service develop- 
ments and in feet would leave 
health authorities £20 million 
worse off. 

The document is understood 
to say that the Government 
does not intend to increase 
NHS funding to match any pay 
award above fee sums already 
allocated to health authorities 
from this April. 

It maintains feat health 
authorities have no difficulty 
recruiting or retaining staff 

From Peter Davenport 
- Li verpool : f ' 

An extensive survey into 
drag abuse m fee Wfcnl area of 
Merseyside yesterday disclosed 
addiction figures among the 
worst in the United Kingdom. 4 
Researchers .found ... that 
heroin was fee most popular 
substance among drug users. In 
spite of a police clamp down, it 
was freely available .and its 
effects penneaied across the" 
social barriers, from fee most 
run-down, depressed council 
estates to “well-heeled" middle- - 
class homes where there were 
“significant numbers of prob-. 
lem heroin users”. In spile of 
anti-drug campaigns and the 
efforts of fee police, ' the 
numbers of drug users emerging 
each year was around 600/400 . 
of them using heroin, smoking 
rather than injecting fee drug. 

Of a population of 338.000 
there were known to be 1,600 
registered addicts, . 1,300 of 
them on heroin, and several 
thousand others were suspected 
to be using drags. 

The figures were disclosed io 
the first of a number of reports - 
compiled by Dr Howard Farker 
of the social work studies 
department of Liverpool Uni- 
versity for the. WirraT drugs: 
research project . - ' _ 

The £100,000 research, prof 
gramme is being funded by 
Wirrai. Borough Council, the 
Department of the Environ- 
ment arid the Home Office 1 
The report yesterday said thu 
most drug users, 75 per emit; . 
were aged 16 to 24. 

The report also said .that 80 
per cent of users were unem- 
ployed, spending an average of; 
£30 to £35 a day, the worst 
addicts used £100 a day to 
satisfy their needs. 

Of surveys carried out ck 
where in the UK only Glasgow 
had been shown to have such 
comparably high. figures! . - . 


! rah 


High flyer named as 

:*■* \y ■ 

Parasite worms and licks are 
almost certainly the main cause 
of drastic fluctuations in grouse 
numbers, a seven-year study 
carried out on the northern 
English moors suggests (John 
Young, Agriculture Correspon- 
dent, writes). 

.The study also indicates that 
the long-term decline in-fee red 
grouse population, which has 
caused concern among sports- 
men and conservationists, 'has 
been hastened by drainage 
schemes which have reduced 
fee numbers ofinsects on which 
the chicks depend for food. 

Lord Peel, chairman of the 
project, which won the ’-first 
prize announced yesterday in a 
new competition sponsored by 
Laurent Perrier champagne, 
suggested that overshooting was 
not a problem and that most 
owners tended to undershoot 
their moors. 

Second prize was awarded, to 
the Economic Forestry.. Group 
! for a study of- the management 
of roe deer in coniferous forests. 

head of informal 
Britten's Department of Trade 
and Industry. 

Miss Bo we, . aged 39, is'. 
regarded in White halt circles: 
as an extremely able, occupant 
of fee Civil Service's “last 
lane”. She was 1 appointed to her 
present post, which commands 
a grade-four salary of between 
£25,533 and £26,909 in July 
1984. Before than she had held 
several senior Whitehall posts 
after beginning her career as an 
economist.' * • 

Her previous posts have 
included periods in the depart- . 
meat's shipbuilding policy 
division, • and responsibility 
within fee vehicles division for 
British Leyland. 

Ironically, , she also, worked 
at one time wife Mr Michael 
Hesehine. - 

She was seconded to fee 
Merseyside task force set np 
when Mr Heseltine was at fee 
Department of fee Environ- 
ment after the Toxteth riots in- 

Equity ’ Ironically, Miss 
Bowe had one of her own letters 
leaked to fee press, when she 
was responsible for British 
Leyland matters at fee Depart- 
ment of Industry. ' 

in this country,; 

> TJk Sunday* 

In 1981, a letter she wrote to 
fee Society of Motor Mannfac- 


Times. " 

One Whitehall observer • 
commented yesterday; ‘iSbc-B 
no fooL If she had leaked the . 
letter' (from* fee Solicitor - 
General to . Mr .Heseltine, . 
accusing . him of “material- 
inaccuracies” over fee Wes-.; , 
tland affair) she would not ha re- 
done it in a rush of blood to fee 
head, or through misguided - 
loyalty a minister.” 

Mr . John. . .Ward, general 1 - 
secretary of fee Association of . 
First Division Civil Servants,':, 
said yesterday that the Wet-v: 
tland letter, .affair highlighted 
fee difficulties Civil Servants .'. 
faced over, fee release of ’; 
information, to fee - public, fr. ; 
also showed the need for a.- 
freedom oF.mfonnatkm Act, he 

“This affair illustrates that : 

present arrangements are woe- ■ 
fully inadequate. At present, 
Civil Servants have to assume 
feat all information is secret :?• 
unless its release is authorised, 
**Mr Ward - said.” That gives- 
ministers very great powers, l ' 
which they can use for political 
ends. Civil Servants also tend ' 1 
to become extremely cautious,;.', 
giving information higher Sfc- ? 
corrty classification than irinaf: , 



i'.v. _• 

S;-~ - 

SS_. ;r 

Hospital’s sale 
still in balance 

r -.< 



Elans for the conirovcrsial ,^. 
sale of the Royal Masonic 
Hospital west London, to an - 
American group, which had led: ; 
to a. feud among Freemasons^ ' 
will not go ahead, at feast for die ..J 
present. MT Justice Warner* wai;;--.- 
; told in the High Court' yester -.; t 
‘day. ' 'T:1V. h 

Mr Douglas Brooks, a Free- j 
mason and vice-patron of fee’- ; 
hospital, of Prince George.' . *■*?" 
Avenue, Cpckfosters, London; ; ;Vaf 
had sought to prevent a meeting r y_ * ■] 
of hospital governors raUed'tp- v;' 
vote on the. plan. , 

Life sei 
for mur 
film di 

\ ~ 

■ • |, c“ - . . 
‘ * * 

Cracks in new 

£ 20 m Tube link' 

/*.■ .‘vSV^'lfS 

• .. A* 

U; . V-/ 

r, .. * •• . 

r ** , 1 .v. f * ■ ■ 

• - * v. ■ 

A policeman outside the house near Upavon, Wiltshire, of Salah Ben Rahim, bade in 
Britain after being deported in the wake of the Libyan embassy siege in 2984; and the 

house’s engraved front door knocker 


Urgent repair work has been. 1 ?- 
ordered -on fee •. 

London . Underground Jink . 
Heathrow Airport’s- pew. 
minal 4, due - to. be. opened 
fee Prince and Princess Of- 
Wales on April I- ' " ‘ , _ • * 
Cracks, causedby subsidence,^ 
have appeared; in fee roof . of 't ' 
250-yard :sectioh and/ h /ha* , 
dropped by; about, two inches '" . 
London Underground .'said': 
yesterday that repair 

** i\" 




‘•tsiiE ;v- -- 

u - 3 . • 

would not affect the openinfroT 

, 1 .. i:_. ' • -r • v 

Anger at Libyan’s return 

fee line. 



non x j&r 

Continued from page I 
made it clear they would like to 
interview all 30 for possible 

Five months after his expul- 
sion Mr Rahba mode on 
application from Paris for a 
fresh visa to enter Britain. The 
application was rejected in* 
November 1984. In September 
1985. he appealed to an 
independent immigration ad- 
judicator and his application 
was upheld. 

Yesterday the Home Office 
refused to reveal fee name of 

the adjudicator. The visa would 
ran for up to 12 months 
The adjudicator considered 
fee man’s family, his long stay 
in Bri tain ' *"4 the f art - that the 
police had no evidence against 
him. In the course of the 
immigration process the Home 
Office asked Scotland Yard's 
anti-terrorist branch what sta- 
tus Mr Rahba bad and were 
told he was nota suspect _ . - * 
Yesterday he was with! bis 
family at home 'in fee village uf - 
North Newton, a mfie from 
Upavon, Wiltshire. After be 

spoke briefl y to reporters his 
wife retained from shopping 
and .said her husband was “too 
jlT to speak. . . , • 

Villagers said they bad 
recognized Mr Rahba, who was 
living in the village two years 
ago, when he was deported. It 
had been common knowledge 
locally when he returned. One 
neighbour, among several who 
defended him, stuck , “fee seems 
a very nice chap, very polite 
and friendly. I shouldn't thfay 

he was one of those wild boys." 

Sanctions initiative - page 11 

Negotiations are still m 
for the purchase 1 of .- ^Sir , 
Waterhouse’s -tibraiy by die. .<3ett£ .. vf 
Centre for the Huwryrof 
concluded as reported on Jouuaty 
18. The Iona run of hotebook>;thSB^fej| 
be kept from' the age of 
bequeathed to the Getty Mnseum^^^r • 

IheTmis overseas fl d fing gripes 
Mtttoadi 20. Mgto BJn atx 

r rtaem Tn mxxj: 

iMaw w W 


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• — ~ •* •_ n — — jT-r. -V.FT- .±a.MLM%»nra»*** 


Changes in television vfo 

Boom in video recorders 
ends family occasion of 
watching programmes 

By David Hewson, Arts Correspondent 

. The image of British families 
ntting around a television set 

# for an evening’s entertainment 
was no longer true, the Indepen- 
dent Broadcasting Authority 
' said yesterday. 

Its latest research showed 
that the ownership of video 
, recorders and multiple tele- 
vision sets had altered viewing 

“The model of viewing is a 
family clustered round a set and 
it simply is not true.” 

Mr Michael Svennevig. the 
IBA research officer, said: “The 
I BA’s audience research showed 
that 1985 was a watershed in 
the role of televirion in people's 
j, lives. 

“No longer will it be appro- 
priate to generalize about how 
people watch the TV set. or to 
assume that viewers can only 
choose, at a given time, from 
among the options offered by 
broadcast services alone,” Mr 
Svenneyig said. “Further, future 
generations of viewers may well 

have different expectations and 
habits to bring to viewing and 
to using the television in ways 
other than merely to broad- 

The norm of one television 
set for a family had disap- 
peared. Mr Svennevig said. 
Multiple set ownership, a 
minority factor in 1980. had 
increued to the extent that 54 
per cent of -homes bad more 
than one set 

Mr Svennevig said: “This has 
immediate implications for 
television- planners. What will 
be the future of peak-time 
competitive scheduling of rival 
attractions if individual viewers 
have, in principle at least the 
option of wriggling out of 
schedulers’ nests?” 

Mr John Whitney. ' IBA 
director-general, said: "Wc are 
no longer the landlords of the 
screen. The tenants are chang- 
ing and there will be squatters 
before long.” 

More .than half of those 
interviewed in the survey had 

uses for the television other 
than receiving live ITV or BBC, 
such as video recorders or home 

Mr David Glencross, IBA. 
director of television, said of 
television entertainment: 

“There very rarely is a sense of 
occasion except on a major 
event. It is simply one more 
tool around the house.” 

“These findings show that 
broadcast television's' mon- 
opoly over the use of TV sets is 
becoming greatly weakened. 
Most people now have the 
potential to choose between 
watching broadcasting and 
using the television for another 
purpose.” •„ 

Viewers’ opinions about 
televirion had remained rela- 
tively constant over the years, 
according to the survey. The 
medium was named as the most 
important source of news by 62 
per cent of those interviewed, 
while newspapers were cited 
first by only 23 per cent 

Minority offended by violence 

The survey’s findings were 
cited by the Independent 
^Broadcasting Authority as 
evidence to disprove rising 
public concern about the effects 
of television violence. The 
authority is strongly opposed to 
Obscene Pnblication Act’s 
extension to television in a 
private members Bin to be 
considered in the Commons 

Mr John Whitney, the 
director-general of the IBA. 
said that the Act had not 
worked for the public interest 
or any other interest whatso- 
ever. To extend it to television 
w ould be a “foolishness of some 
magnitude”. It would be far 
, better for the Government to 
‘ discuss changes to the Broad- 
K -casting Act if it felt the existing 
guidelines on violence were 
insufficient, Mr Whitney said. 

Mr David Glencross, the 
IBA’s director of television, 
said that it was untrue to claim 
there was a steady diet of 
violence on television. The 

authority did intervene when 
programmes overstepped the 
mark, most recently in dis- 
cussion with London Weekend 
Television about scenes in some 
episodes of the adventure 
programme, Demsey and 

Far from being desensitized 
towards violence by television, 
viewers had become more 
aware of the problem over the 
years, Mr Glencross said. 

The survey showed that bad 
language was the prime com- 
plaint on all four channels. 

71m nature of afloocaa, in peresntaoes 

Not offended by channel 
Offended by:* 

Umponmrt* couW name more lhan one type of aftansfra material. 


*83 *84 *85 

*83*84 *85 

*83 *84*85 



68 65 63 






7 8 8 

911 11 



4 6 5 

5 7 7 


1211 11 

6 6 5 

7 8 7 

Viewers’ per cep tion of fetavtston, In percentages 

Offensive material not seen; don't know 
Offensive material seen on: 


BBC1 ... 

Channel 4 














. 28 











Equal rights case over 
invalid care allowance 

By Nicholas Tunmios, Sodal Services Correspondent 

The Government’s refusal to 
pay a married woman to look 
alter her invalid mother was the 
clearest possible piece of sex 
^iscrimmation, the European 
; Court of Justice was told 

Mrs Jacqueline Drake, aged 
42, from Worsiey in Man- 
chester, would quality for the 
i invalid care allowance, worth 
£23 a week, if see was a man or 
a single woman, Mr Richard 
Drabble told the court in 
Luxemburg, in the final stage of 
a test case which could lead to 
some 76.000 married women 
qualifying for the carer’s allow- 

But his claim that the 
Government was obliged to pay 
the allowance under the EECs 
equal treatment directive was 
contested by Mr Francis Jacobs, 
,t QC, for the Department of 
^.Health and Social Security. He 
maintained that the allowance 
was not covered by the equality 
. ruling because it is not paid to 
the invalids themselves but to 
those who care for them. If Mrs 
Drake won, he said, the annual 
cost of the allowance to the 
* DHSS would rise from £11 
million to £85 million, with 
back benefit costing another 
£100 million. 

Mrs Drake, who gave up 
work as a cleaner and school 

patrol officer, worth £59 a week, 
in 1984 to care for her mother 
aged 69 who is incapable of 
looking after herself has had 
her case backed by the Euro- 
pean Commission. It has 
warned the court that if Mrs 
Drake loses, the door would be ] 
open for widespread changes in | 
the way other benefits are paid, 
to take them outside the scope ; 
of the equal treatment directive. 

After the hearing Mrs Drake 
said: “I remain very confident 
about the outcome. If I do win 
there will be thousands of other 
married women qualifying for 
this allowance”. 

“It does not make sense that 
my husband, Clive, would 
qualify for this allowance if he 
gave up his job and yet I cannot 
claim anything.” Although it 
would cost the DHSS £85 
million a year to concede the 
issue, it would cost the State 
£6.6 billion to care for invalids 
in institutions if married 
women did not look after them 
at home, she said. 

One hundred MPs have 
signed an early day motion 
calling for the allowance to be 
extended to married women, 
and the move has been backed 
by all-party groups on disable- 
ment and on pensioners, and 
the House of Commons social 
services committee. 

Life sentence 
for murder of 
«t film director 

A man was sentenced to life 
imprisonment today by the 
1 Central Criminal Court for the 
“horrific” murder of the son-in- 
! law of Loid Normanby. 

I Phillip Johnston, aged 30, 
i unemployed, of Fabian Road, 
I Fulham, south-west London, 
'admitted shooting dead Mr 
i Adam Sedgwick, aged 32, a film 
1 director. 

Desmond Kavanagh, aged 
24. a labourer, of Aisgill 
Avenue, West Kensington, was 
.jailed for six yean for robbery 
land possessing a gun with 


Av* Gardner, the actress, made 
a rare public appearance 
yesterday when she attended a 
service for Robert Graves, the 
poet and author, at St James’s 
Church. Piccadilly. 

Memorial service. Page IS 

Two jailed 
for torture 
of Mr X 

Two men were jailed yester- 
day for torturing and blackmail- 1 
mg a Civil Servant who was 
lured into a sex trap 
The secretary, Mary Harvey, 
aged 38. held hands with 
Leonard Denhan, aged 55, in 
the dock at the Central Crimi- 
nal Court and .wept as he was 
sentenced to three and half 

The couple’s friend, Derek 
Smith, aged 46, was jailed for 
two years, with six months of 
the term suspended. 

All three admitted conspiring 
to assault Mr X, aged 32. a 
senior official who handles 
classified documents. Denham, 
a builder, of Balham Road, 
Balham, south London, and 
Smith, a machine operator, of 
Hampden Avenue. Beckenham, 
Kent, were also sentenced for 
making demands with menaces 
and wounding. 

Miss Harvey, of Balgowan 
Road, Beckenham, who met Mr 
X when she worked in a typing 
pool, was put on probation for 
two years on condition that she 
The jury was told that she 
“set the whole thing up” after 
she and Mr X had a kiss and 
cuddleShe told her jealous lover 
that the Civil Servant tried to 
make her have oral sex. 

Appeal to curb 
city sprawl 
is rejected 

The Government has re- 
buffed a top-level plea from 
Oxford for tight controls on 
development sprawl in the city. 

The Labour-controlled city 
council yesterday claimed as a 
victory the Government’s re- 
fusal to intervene. 

An eminent delegation from 
Oxford led by Lord 
Windlesham, chairman of the 
Oxford Preservation Trust 
appealed to ministers last 
month to curb the council’s 
appetite for development by 
“calling in” for examination 
every plan for a new. commer- 
cial building in the area. 

Bird life lures couple to isle 

By Tim Jones 

An oil executive and a 

shopkeeper are turning their 

frags on the comforts of 
jBoden life to become the 
i nV deu of the windswept and 
bniTen Island of Skomer in 
1 Wales for the next 10 years. 

1 for most of the year the 
couple, Stephen Sutcliffe, aged 
39, and his wife Anna, aged 30. 
A*a] have only the company of 
'hundreds of thousands of 
seabirds, and they will also 

mOP jtor a specks or role tmlqae 
to the island, in St Brides Bay, 
pyfed, which is separated from 
■ tjjc mainland by a dangerous 
(jdal race. 

Mr Sutcliffe, who works for 
iq oil distribution company. 

and his wife, who runs a 
general store near Tenby, have 
been chosen as the new 
wardens by the West Wales 
Trust for Nature Conservation 
from a list of more than 100 

Mr Sutcliffe, a keen ornitho- 
logist. said the £4.000 salary 
they will receive is much less 
than they had been earning, 

“The salary is pitiful and 
therefore it was not a decision 
we took lightly, but we have 
been interested in island 
ecology and birds for a long 
time,” he said. 

Mrs Sutcliffe, aa ecologist, 
said she was fully prepared for 
life on the island, where they 
will Uve in a house with no 

mains services, no telephone, 
and no television. 

“A lot of people think we are 
mad to give op so much money, 
but oar living costs will be very 
low because we will have a rent- 
free house, no car, and a nr bills 
will be minimal. 

“Life is tpo'preaaas to slog 1 
your heart out doing something 
yon don't want to do. It is 
important to get the best . 
possible quality out of life,” she I 

In any emergency, the 
Sutcliffes can contact the 
mainland by radio telephone 
and if they are cut off by 
Atlantic gales, they can sum- 
mon helicopter help from RAF 

Kimberley Dagglt, aged 16 months, who cannot swallow food or drink, receiving, food by 

nasal drips from her mother yesterday. 

Snnnri™ Hidden bias in 

cannot eat , . , . 

or drink credit assessment 

’ Roi» rv,— u Women may still be finding it as income, type of job, length of 

£ than men to get loans service and home ownership. 

and credit cards because of The EOCs study of these 
was bonf 81 0r drmk s ^ nce sbe hidden discrimination in mod- systems, helped by consumer 
"** oorn * em credit-assessing methods, credit specialists CCN Systems. 

Her mother, Mrs Janice the Equal Opportunities has shown that they may be 
DaggiL aged 30, has to feed her Commission said yesterday biased against women because 
with a nasal drip at their home (Patricia Clough writes). they are based on past experi- 

iu Downfldd Avenue, HnlL cnee with male customers. 

Specialists in Hull, Sheffield J “ffj 4 not A* J 1 *** often , 
and London can find nothing ^-& shwned *»*» w ^ ch women’s lifestyles are 

wrnm mtk bahv'c refuse a woman a loan unless different: they interrupt their 

«rong mtt, the bUy, body or ber hlubillld ^ it (whicb is arm , 0 ra f K a finely, m 

now illegal), but also the often n their jobs for a shorter 

Dr Peter MiHa, of Great sophisticated systems used by time than men, are more likely 
Ormond Street Children's most credit companies, which to be working part-time, and 
Hospital,. London, said yester- rate an applicant’s credit- may be lower paid than men. 
day: '‘Kimberley’s condition is worthiness on a system of these factors work against their 
simply not hi the text books.” points awarded for items such credit rating; 

Women may still be finding it 
harder than men to get loans 
and credit cards because of 
hidden discrimination in mod- 
ern credit-assessing methods, 
the Equal Opportunities 
Commission said yesterday 
(Patricia Clough writes). 

The EOCs target is not just 
old-fashioned banks which 
refuse a woman a loan unless 
her husband backs it (which is 
now illegal), but also the 
sophisticated systems used by 
most credit companies, which 
rate an applicant's credit- 
worthiness on a system of 
points awarded for items such 

as income, type of job, length of 
service and home ownership. 

The EOCs study of these 1 
systems, helped by consumer 
credit specialists CCN Systems, 
has shown that they may be 
biased against women because 
they are based on past experi- 
ence with male customers. 

They often ignore the fact 
that women’s lifestyles are 
different: they interrupt their 
careers to raise a family, are 
often n their jobs for a shorter 
time than men, are more likely 
to be working part-time, and 
may be lower paid than men. 
these factors work against their 
credit rating; 

More deaf children 
may be victims of 
antibiotic spray 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

Deaf children whose hearing through intolerable delays in 
was destroyed in hospital trying to get evidence, 
accidents more than 10 years Last week another child, 
ago are still seeking compen- Daniel Taylor, aged 10. of 
sation. Letch worth. Hertfordshire, was 

Damages totalling more than awarded substantial damages 
£1 million have already been for his accident at the Lister 
paid to nine children, but at Hospital, in Stevenage, 
least six cases are still pending. His was one of seven cases so 

More victims may yet emerge,- far settled with the help of Mr 
it is believed, because some Richard Vallance, a solicitor 
parents may be unaware of the with the Loudon firm of 
cause of their children's handi- Compton Carr. The six others 
cap. involved the Princess Margaret 

The children were deafened Hospital, which is pan of 
as infants when they were taken Wessex regional health auth- 
to hospital after scalding inci- ority. 

dents. They were treated with Mr Vallance said yesterday: 
an aerosol spray containing “1 have been concerned that the 
neomycin, an antibiotic drug. only reason any of these cases 
The drug was known to got off the groud was that the 

deafness more than 25 years ago Parents in the Swindon area 
if administered in certain forms, became aware of each other. 
The risks have pointed out compared notes and made the 
in medical literature and in obvious connection, 
warnings to hospitals for at least “If that connection, between 
15 years. From the late 1960s, the drug and deafness, had 
the spray form of the drug was already been made by the health 
strongly suspected of causing authority or the medical staff 
similar damage. they did not feel obliged to 

In spite of those warnings fofom 1 the parents, 
and suspecions, the spray w£ of ™ 

used with catastrophic effect on ^ s « d * e 

at least seven children at the National f Deaf Childrens So^ 

Princess Margaret Hospital in ‘i 1 .^* In 

Swindon, Wiltshire, between director. Mr Harry Cayton. 

1971 and 1973, and in other «£„ . _ . 

hospitals with similar conse- We are concerned that there 
quences between 1968 and m ®y be more cases still to 
197g emerge from other parts of the 

Bui .arents in Swindon did 'OMlry sirapiy bncnmn parent 

se ssss-hS 

gs S tal treatment of this kind. 

«kT A spokeswoman for Wessex 
ennm nac * 1 ^ hcalth authority said yesterday: 

courts until May 198Z -We have adm 7 iued Ability in 

Last October, one of the the seven cases at the Princess 
children, Nicholas Jeary, now Margaret Hospital in Swindon, 
aged 15, of Caine, Wiltshire, “We are not aware of any- 
received substantial damages case where the parents were not 
for his treatment at the Swin- informed of the connection with 
don hospital in August 1973. neomycin. Once the drug was 
Yesterday his mother, Mrs established as a factor, we 
Sheeiagh Jeary, said: “It took us informed the parents, and 
five years to discover that medical records were made 
Nicholas was not the only child available immediately for inde- 
who lost his hearing at the pendent survey so that parents 
hospital. No information was could take advice regarding 
volunteered to us and we went claims for compensation.” 

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some news 




Westland sequels 

Civil servant named 

Demands for Thatcher statement on leaked letter 


The SpeakertMr Bernard 
weaihcrHl) made clear in the 
Commons that he was not prepared 
to be drawn into political contro- 
versy in the wake of the Westlands 

He faced a barrage of points of 
order on two issues; first, whether 
the Government would make a 
statement about its inquiry into the 
leak to the Press Association of a 

has been given immunity from 

This was reported last night on 
the radio and ' repeated today 
(Wednesday) as the. first item. 

Yet we come to the House and 
find statement is to be made 
by the Prime Minister or the 
Attorney ' 'General '-(Sir Michael 

It is ah abuse that no information 
is given' to us' by ministers. We 
should have a statement from the 
Prime Minister or Attorney and 
should not have - to wait • until 

iS^STS^Lcader. of the 

second. wffir MrLco^aS 

Secretary of State for Trade and 
industry, was quoting directly from 
a Cabinet document. 

MPs maintained that if Mr 
Briitan was quoting directly, the 
document had to be published. 

On Tuesday, the Speaker bad 
ruled that the passage c o nc ern ed 
was couched in reported speech, the 
appropriate form far a paraphrase of 
minutes. He ruled it was not a 

During the exchanges. Mr Dale 
Campbell -Savours (Workington. 
Lab) passed to the Speaker a 
-document which he said was that 
section of the Cabinet minutes 
which dealt precisely with the 
matters which he maintained 
showed it was a direct quote. 

Dr David Owen (Plymouth. Devon- 
port). Leader of the SDP, in raising 
the question or the Solicitor 
General’s letter, said: The country is 
agog as speculation goes on m 
newspapers and on radio on the 
situation concerning named civil 


Could wc have a statement from 
the Leader of the House (Mr Biffin) 
as to how the Government intend to 
handle the situation which is 
causing grave concern? It should not 
be possible for civil servants to be 
named as they have been, outside 
the House, and have no discussion 
here on the crucial question . 
concerning the Cabinet Secretary’s 
leak inquiry. 

The Speaker (Mr Bernard Wcaihe- 
rill); ! have had no notification from ' 
the Government that it intends lo 

this House to ensure that we protect 
people in the Government service 
add who by virtue of their office, are 
not a position to speak for 
themselves publicly. 

” Dalyefl: Can we have 
some explanation 

Strong rumours are circulating bn 
the identity of a person who may or 
may not have been responsible for 
the leak of the letter from the 
Solicitor GeneraTs office. 

. As a result, because of that duty 
^vhich we must ‘in all honour 
•discharge, it is important that we 
"have- a conclusive statement . from 
■the Government. 

v If the rumours circulating are 
inaccurate and unjust, irreparable 
damage may be being done to 
■someone's 'career, but on the other 

hand if these rumours are accurate; 

plainly there will be implications 

todav * stalemcm on the mancr rclating totfic orders given to.-sucb 

an individual, which, have wide 
Mr Tam Dalyell (Linlithgow, Lab); ■ -application for the conduct and the 
Can we have some explanation as to order of this House. ; 
whether Miss Colette Bowc coo- .. He hoped the Speaker would 
suited the Solicitor General or - prevail on the authorities concerns! - 
people in the Royal Courts of . io ensure that MPs had a -full and 
Justice before giving information to frank ■ statement lo . clarify 'this 

the Press Association? 

The Speaker: 1 am afraid I know 
nothing about what he is saying. But 
it is not a matter for me. 

Mr David Winnick (Walsall North, 
Lab): Matters are being widely 
reported and it is being said that a 
very senior civil servant in tile 
Department of Trade and industry 

lo .clarify 


Mr John Men, Leader of the 
House, said all the procedures, 
associated with the inquiry concern- 
ing the leak of the Soidtor General’s 
’fetter had not yet been completed. 
Meanwhile, he suggested that the 
question of a Government state- 
ment should be di cussed privately 

by party business managers — the 

Tt^itni c hannel, 

Mr Dennis Skbnur (Bolsover. Lab) 
said that last week the Government, 
in response to requests for 
statements on the Westland affair, 
said there was nothing io worry 
about, that everything was in order. 
As a result, the shadow cabinet 
representative bad to demand that 
Mr Leon Brittan, Secretary of State 
for Trade and Industry, should 
co rue to the House later. 

We go into the same procedure 
(he went on) all over ag ain this 
week. Here we are vrilh almost a 
replica of what happened then. As a 
result of some of us accusing the 
Government of a cover-up, we 
managed belatedly to get the 
Secretary of State to the dispatch 
box and finally to get a debate. 

There was another cover-up at 
the weekend. The Speaker was 
placed in this invidious position 
whereby the Government renised to 
make a tapper statement. As a result 
there had been a request for a 
private notice question to draw 
some truth out of the Government, 
but apparently that was not granted. 

So we are back (be continued) to 
Square One. We intend to get the 
auth out of this tawdry Govern- 
ment which has covered up from 
the very beginning. The truth will 

The Speakers I am deeply grateful 
for what be said about my position. 

I feel that very strongly. (Laughter). 

Mr Klmwclc I heard what the 
Leader of the House had to say and 
he and I and the House are as one in 
respecting the efficiency of the usual 
channels. By its very nature, this 
matter would not and could not be 
resolved in the usual channels. It is 
a matter that has to be settled here 
in the House by process of 

Dr Owen: Would it not be 
reasonable for the Leader of the 
House to indicate there will be a 
statement to the House today? It is 
today that we want to bear this 
statement and not tomorrow. 

Mr Dale Campbell-Savours (Wor- 
kington. Lab) said that in a ruling on 
a point of order on Monday the 
Speaker said that a page in the 
Cabinet minutes described what 
happened at a meeting on October 

The Speaker: Order. 1 hope be is not 
going to challenge the ruling 1 gave. 
Mr CampbeD-SaToura: The ruling 
that you gave was most reasonably 
based on tO the facts and 
information placed before you by 
those whom you consulted. There is 
one document which you did not 
see and were not allowed to see: the 
document I have here which is that 
section of the Cabinet minutes 
which deals precisely with that point 
of onder. 

It says that Sir John Cuckney said 

be - was well aware, of the 
Government's p referen ce •’ for a 
European minority shareholding in 
Westland and attached weight to 
that p referen ce. The Secretary of 
State noted what Sir -John said. He 
said that a European minority 
shareholding was in both commcr- 
ctai and political interests of the 

The quote by the Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry at the 
dispatch box was from -that minute. 

I have underlined in my note, here 
on the minute that area which he 
quoted from. 

He said: -“The Government's 
pr e ference is a European minority 
. shareholding in Westland”, and he 
then said that a European minority 
shareholding was in both the 
commercial and political interests of 
the Government. 

We have a direct quote. We 
cannot have a paraphase. As I now 
have this document in my 
possession would you, Mr Speaker, 
once again look at the ruling you 
gave yesterday when you did not 
have this information available to 

In tiie event of you ruling 
otherwise you will know the 
implication would be that the full 
statement in the minute should be 
made available to the House and its 
eyes would be opened up in the- way 
that the Select Committee's were 

The Speaker 1 ruled, against the 
background of the information he 
brought to my attention. 1 have no 
authority to .send for Cabinet 
minutes and I have no knowledge of 
this at alL My rufing stands. 

Mr David - Steel, Leader of the 
Liberal Party: What - the Leader of 
the House said a few moments ago 
is what wc have all been advised 
privately, that is, the inquiry is not 
yet complete. 

If this inquiry is completed today, 
it should be reported to the House 
today. It would be intolerable to 
read'in tomorrow’s papers leaks of 
leaks inquiries. ■ . ■ 

Mr John Moms, chief Opposition 
spokesman on legal affairs; We are 
aware of the precident of where a 
minister quotes from a document, 
the whole document then should be 
placed befor' the House. If. on the 
other hand, the minister para- 
phrases a document the same 
considerations do not apply. - . 

When you reach your view on 
this matter, unless you have the 
original quotation before you. how 
can yon and bow do you reach your 
conclusion in order to’ rule out the 
prima facie precedent that the whole 
document should be laid" before the 
House. ; 

Now. there are new considerations 
before you. The quotation is now in 
front of Mr Campbell-Savours, It 
would appear that it is exactly on 
the same lines ^ it is word for word 
- the words the minister used in the 

House. It would seem therefore to 
' be unanswerable that the minister 
was quoting from the document and 
' T find difficulty in these- circum- 
stances -to understand . how* & 
different conclusion should be come 

The Speaker: 1 hope the House is 
not going to seek to draw the Chair 
into what has become a political 
argument. Yesterday T ruled on the 
.'evidence brought before me by Mr . 
" Campbell-Savours. r . have absol- 
utely no authority fe send for 
Cabinet documents.- This is not my 
responsibility ai aIL I> ruled on the ' 
-^natter, and fern- ruling -and 
•■-yea lfin nation stand-- ' 

Mr Morris: The Hou& is entitled to 
know whether the ruling still stands; 

- whether the ruling, if the minister 
' inadvertently or deliberately quotes 

from a document, whether it be a 
Cabinet minute of Cabinet paper or 
r any other paper still stands. 

‘ The Speaker. Mr Campbell-Savours 
read out in fuD the ruling; it is 
^perfectly plain- that if there is a 
direct qifot%ridnHhen it is necessary 
i-to lay tfce'.dtxriufienL If there is a 
■ paraphrase iFzs-'noL. 1 ruled that on 

- the 'evidence, before' me it. Was- a 
paraphrase And that ruling stands. . ■ 
Mr Xinnocfc Last Thursday some 
confusion' because 1 pr inadvertent 
misunderstanding that could have 
ariseR -when the matter was then _ 
raised by MrMichael Headline. 

The idxidlot0 : pb^tidn' the. Chair 
is placed hi -in these circumstances is 
that in ordeti'fo render authority .to a 
particular natemcah-fee minister ■ 
can actually qiiple frotp.W' official 
document. ' 

Bui in between tiiejimeJt is used 
here and finds its way ia. Hansards 
the minister, for political reasons, 
can change the status of- that . 
quotation simply by removing the- - 
quotation marks and saying it is a 
paraphrase of what actualy took 

The problem arises that you are 
in a position to rule that a document 
is not an official document precisely 
quoted to the House when in fen, it 
is. But that fs not made obvious to 
you by the decision of the minister 
lo ensure you are not acquainted 
with the fact. 

Wc are not seeking your 
involvement in political contention 
between.-' different sides* of the 
House.' but the- removal -of' the 
possibility of your involvement in 
that contention by ensqpng .where 
thcr is an official 'dtotyneat, . the. . 
words used by ihe rtfihtSter in’ the 
House, the normal ruling is followed 
and that document then becomes 
the property of the House. . 

The Speaker I do not tbink-J can 
say any more than I have. I have no 
knowledge of ■ what , goes .on in ’ 
.Cabinet;,! have no knowledge of 
•Cabinet minutes. 

I ‘always understood Cabinet 
m mdtes wre intirely a secret matter. 

1 do not think it would be .possible 
for me to know whether ministers 
are quoting from Cabinet minutes 
dr noL I cannot possibly know that. - 
• Dr Owen: Mr Campbell-Savours has 
- made a serious statement and he 
now has documentary proof of a 
Cabinet sub-commiuec. If he gives 
that document to you and you find 
he- is correct iti what he said, surety 
than you are entitled to ask the 
Government whether this is an 
Official .document and if it is official 
document, surely the normal ruling 
Of the House -should apply and it 
should be placed in the Library. 

Mr John Morris, chief Opposition 
spokesman on legal afikirs: If this is 
a direct quotation, the Government 
should -table the document. 

The Speaker: I think it would be up 
to the . Government to decide 
whether they should do that 
(Protests) I atn_ not party to what 
goes on in Cabinet. I have ho idea 
whether Mr Brittan was quoting 
from Cabinet minute. My -judge- 
ment on the evidence placed before 
me was that it was a paraphrase, 

Mr Kevin McNamara (Hull North, 
Lab): Your ruflng was based on the 
evidence placed before you. Mr 
Campbell-Savours has how laid 
fresh qvideuce before you. On the 
basis Tof the evidence laid before 
you. your original ruling could 
. stand, but you arc in a position to 
make a fresh ruling. 

The- Speaker: Thai’ is reasonable. If 
Mr CampbdVShvaurs were to sumit 

Campbell-Savours: Call 
■for fresh look at ruling 

that to rat I would have an 
. opportunity to lopk at it but I am 
not prepared to rule on it now. 

Mr Campbell-Savours: 1 wffl pve 
you a copy and lay it on the Table. 
You said you were not able to 
consult Cabinet minutes, so what 
evidence was placed before you to 
allow you to rule? 

The Speaker: The evidence he gave 
to me. 

Mr Tony Bean: (Chesterfield, Lab* 

The issue is not a matter between 
Government and Opposition; it is 

matter of whether there are two 
classes of MP, those subject to the 
rules the Government laid down 
and every other MP. 

If it b dear the Government b 
operating under different rules 
which exempts them from the roles 
of the House, that b a mater for the 
-House and for you and not a matter 
of in ter- party controversy. 

The Speaker: I am aware this b 
matter of high political controversy. 
What i think is highly dangerous is 
there b an apparent att em pt to draw 
me into some of these arguments. 

I am perfectly prepared to. and it 
is right that I should, discharge my 
duties fully and fearlessly, and 
dull so do. But I hope the House 
will not draw me into what is, after 
alL a political argument 
Mr Morris: Thu b not a political 
argument This b a matter for the 
House. Now that Mr Campbell 
Savours has handed to you 
document which purports to be an 
exact report of the quotation made 
in exactly the same terms, would 
you give us guidance as regards the 
document and how we may give 
effect to the rule in Erskinc May' 
Since the matter may need further 
lime, perhaps you could do so later 
or tomorrow? 

The Speaker: I have already said 
that I think the key point is he said 
"purports to be”. I will need to look 
into thb matter. 

Mr Skhmen This b a matter 
between the two sides of the House 
and you -have been caught in the 

What has been revealed today is 
document purporting lo be 
Cabinet document and it has now 
been referred to and laid on the 
Table. If that document b valid, the 
whole of the Cabinet document 
must also be laid. 

How do we manage to find out 
whether that document b correct? 
We could set up a committee to 
examine its validity. 

That would be a sensible way 
forward and would ensure you are 
not caught in the middle of a highly 
politically-charged argument. 

The Speaker: I am grateful to him 
Perhaps one day he will be in a 
position to exercise my heavy 
responsibilities. (Laughter) 

Dr Keith Hampsoa (Leeds North 
West Cy. It is dear from Mr 
Brittan’s remarks this is not 
Cabinet minute but a minute by his 
private secretary about a meeting’ 
with Sir John Cuckney which is 
exactly the same as the minute 
already released. 

The Speaker There is no profit in 
continuing this because I do not 
know and 1 shall have lo look into 

Making local councillors more 
accountable to voters 


The Government’s Green Paper on 
rate reform would be published next 
week followed by a White Paper 
about this lime next year. Mr 
Kenneth Baker, Secretary of State 
for Environment, indicated in the 
Commons. In that way. he addfed, 
the electorate would be able to sec 
the attractions of the proposals of 
the Government an ihosc of other 
panics before tiie next - general 

He said that one of the elements' 
of the present system wai. resource 
equalization where 
substantial transfer 
from the more prosperous to the less 
prosperous areas. In the Green 
Paper he was quantifying this and - 
setting out the pros and. cons 'of the 
system and whether it should -be 

Mr John Ward (Poole. O said 
many accepted the need for some 
redistribution but the shires re- 
sented the transfer of money to 
areas with no local accountability 
and where it could be squandered 
on hare-brain schemes. 

Mr Baker explained that the whole 
thrust of his proposals was'to .cry to , 
bring .to local, authorities a closer; 
degree of responsibility in making 
lhcir own spending decisions so that 
lltey could say to their' own 
electorates that ir they support their 
proposals it will cost so much. 

Al the moment it is difficult to shire. O said local income tax 
judge whether councils arc efficient would increase the standard rale of 
of inefficient or thrifty or oi because' tax by at least I3p in the £ and be a 
of ibe-com plicated grant system. total disincentive to every working 
Mr David Atkinson (Bournemouth pcreon - 

East. C): In view of the totally 'Mr Baker: These are points which 
discredited and unsupported rate * the SDP will have lo examine 
support grant system that continues ; Mr ‘Reginald Freeson (Brent East, 
to penalize the thrifty, wQI Mr Baker ' Lab) asked when Mr Baker expected 
use ihc.-opjMsnmity of this Green legislation on rate reform, which 
Paper to aoolish this system lock. , had been awaited for ten years, and 
stock and barrel, replace it with a; if - it would be during this 
local government finance system-’ Parliament? 
which holds councils more account- jyfr Baker: That depends on when 
able and - also broaden theirsoope to ^ next election is going to be. 

raise their own expenditure? 

Mr Baker Yes. 1 agree with Mr 

there wasT^a 'Atkinson when he says the purpose 
of resources °f any change’ is to improve local 
accountability and 'bring home to 
the local electors the spending 
results and consequences their, 
councillors. ’ 

Mr John Cartwright (Woolwich, 
SDP) said the Layfieki Commission 
on local goveriunet finance stated 
that the only realistic way to 
increase local aocbuutabtlity was Try 
a local Income-tax'. Why was, the 
Government going for a flat rate 
system which bore most harshly on 
those most in need? 

Mr ‘Baker told him to await the 
• Green Paper but he understood that 
the SDP was now m favour of local 
income tax although there were a 
certain lack of attractions which 
might become more evident when it 
was examined more frilly. 

Mr John HeddSe (Mid-Staflbrd- 

What 1 intend to do is to consult 
widely - over the course of the 
coming months and then we would 
be in a position, I would have 
thought,- about this time next year to 
come forward with a White Paper 
setting -out dearly what the 
Government's proposals wOl be, so 
that by. the time of the next election 
not only my party but all the other 
parties- wifi have set out to the 
electorate die attractions of their 

Mr -' James Lomond (Oldham 
Central and Ttoyton. Lab) said 12 
Bills had been introduced restricting 
councils’. ability to' carry out their 

Mr Baker: Mr Lamond goes to -the 
heart 'of the problem. He will-see in 
the Green Paper that there is a dear 
choice before not only the House 
but the country on. whether there 
should be more central control or 
more local accountability: 

Concern over vandalism 
at scientific sites 


The Government pots its moncy 
where its environmental mouth is, 
Mr Kenneth Baker, Secretary of 
State for Environment said during 
Common^ questions. He was taking 
part a exchanges about the damage 
done to -sites of -special scientific 
interest and progress being made in 
notification of die sites. 

Mr Baker said >that the .Nature 
Conservancy Council had advised 
him that since the Wildlife and* 

Mr Kenneth Carlisle (Lincoln. C): 
SSSls'wllt Continue under ' threat 
until notification- fe -completed, 
^thoeglughc: NCC basbeeu greatly 
helped extra Government 

funding, could he give some 
indication) when notification will be 
completed? ' 

Mr Balter Mr Carlisle is on to a 
good point. The chairman of (he 
NCC hqs toltime that be hopes. that 
the process of notification will be 
complete this year and that he will 
be helped in that by the considerable 
extra ftmding-for-the NCC of £9.4 
million following a 25 per cent 
increase last year. 

Countryside Act was iutrodwxd .1 
jut more than 500 sites- had., been i 
damaged. In most cases, die Jgmag«» ■ Mr Peter Hardy (Wentworth, Lab): 
had been relatively mfnw and short* Does be share our hopes that the 
term. .1 ■*...■»•- ^ \ losses of these- valuable sites, 

Mr Richard 'Wainwiight (Colne- important parts our national 

Valley, Lk Some, of the worst cases- 
of rfiig organized 1 vandalism against- 
s cienti fic knowledge have been! 
perpetrated by- statutory bodies. 

Will he review fee working of that 
part of the' Act in order mare 

heritage, wilf soon end? If so, ft wOl 
be hugely due to the Amendment 
Act introduced by Mr David Clark 
(Sontfa Shields, Lab), for which the 
Government sought fee' total credit. 
Mr Baker: I would not give him the 

effectively to restrain public bodies- total credit, but die amendment Mr 

from their destructive intentions? 

Mr Baker: If be ghres me details of] 
specific ones, I- win personally, 
investigate them because I am as | 
concerned as he is wife loss of fee, 
damage to these sites. 

Clark put on fee statute book 
helped. The essence is fee help the 
Government is making available. It 
is resources which save sites. We are 
putting our money where our 
environmental month is. 

Standing charges 

Mr Michael Welsh (Doncaster 
North, Lab) was given leave in the 
Commons in a Bill to abolish 
standing chaigts for gas, electricity, 
water and telephone for pensioners 

Rugby code mediators 

The Sports Council was doing all it 
could . to bring about a solution 
between the amateur Rugby League 
Association and the Rugby Football 
Union. Mr Richard Tracey, Minis- 
ter for Sport, said during Commons 

He had no locus in the matter, he 
aiklcd. as it was entirely a matter for 
the Sports Council. 

He was replying to Mr John 

Evans .(St Helens North. Lab) who 
said there . was. growing anger 
amongst MPs from Rugby League 
playing areas aboot -the attitude of 
the Rugby Union authorities to 
amateur Rugby League players. No 
further taxpayers’ money should be 
made available to the Rugby Union 
authorities unless they dropped 
their particularly obnoxious form of 

Women cricketers in S Africa 

The visit to -South Africa by 12 
women cricketers on holiday was in 
no way under the instruction of the 
Women’s Cricket Association. Mr 
John Carlisle (Luton North. C) said 
during questions in the commons. 

The association, be said, was 
therefore quite wrong to ban them 
and the threat being- made that the 

Sports Council might withdraw its 
grant from association was spurious. 
Mr Richard Tracey. Minister for 
Sport: He says these ladies were in 
South Africa on holiday. If they 
happened lo play cricket while they 
arc there, 1 have no control over 
that and nor does the Sports 
Council.- This Government entirely 
supports the Gleneagles agreement. 

on ministers 

Mr Tony Benn (Chesterfield, Lab) 
said m the Commons he would 
supply to every MP who wanted it. a 
copy of a document issued by all 
Prime Ministers ' to ministers 
concerning the rules they were 
required to obey and restrictions 
that were placed on them, which he 
had used in evidence by the 
Treasury and Gvii Service sub- 
committee. ■ » • . 

The document was classified as 
confidential and he laid claim to 
parliamentary privilege 
The Speaker (Mr Bernard Weatfae- 
rill) said any action by Mr Benn was 
entirely his own responsibility. 

Appeal on new exam 


The teachers’ dispute must be 
brought lo an end befofe'- further 
damage was done 'to the education 
system. Lord Irving of Dartford 
(Lab) said when he opened a debate 
in the House of Lends on the 
problems feci ng schools. 

It was clear, he said, that the only 
way to resolve the strike was for 
teachera to accept an interim 
settlement in return for an 
independent inquiry which would 
provide an assessment of their 
work. .... -‘ -. 

Thcf" . Secretary- ItsF*' I State-- Tor 
Education : and Science. Sir Keith 1 
Joseph, -Bad’to detepf a I^jge sfaiy 
oflfec blame for the sbsy. state -of- 
af tsjusG. - 

14x0 Ritchie of Dundee.. (L) skid 
there was no-, section of society- on 
.whbm.fee pressure tifupheaval over, 
the'.psisf decade . had fallen more 
heavily than. the teachers, hnd ai the 
same time schools were having to 
cut--' reSeuifees. Oh top-'of this 
trenchers; ?were having to bear the 
burden .n£ being undervalued and’ 
threatened.'. . 

Lady ; Cox (C) there had been an 
introduction of new subjects into 

the classroom like peace studies and 
world studies which were highly 

They were ami-government, anti 
Nato. anti- West and even stridently 
anti-American. • ' 

The Bishop of Derby, the Rt Rev 
Cyril Bowles, said it was tragic the 
current dispute had brought the 
Government into direct conflict 
with both local education auth- 
orities and teachers which had 
cancelled out much of the recent 
progress made in education. 

It is only fair (he said) to 
recognize the importance of the 
Government’s policy of reducing 
.public expenditure and fee force of 
/its belief tlfai this would contribute’ 
. .to fee ultimate improvement of the 
‘country’s .economic -position:. One 
.does not - improve any system’s 
effectiveness of efficiency by under- 
investing in iL 
-The EatiLof . $wijntoa. the Govern- 
ment .spokesman, said some 
teachers’ associations had instructed 
members not lo co-operate wife^ -fee 
introduction of the GCSE as part of 
,fecir. actiorr in fee pay dispute: 
-hope (he- said) that teachers will 
dunk .seriously before taking this 
course. These improved reforms 
brought by the GCSE have long 
been advocated by many teachers 
and their associations. 

Non-political information 


A Labour new clause to prevent the 
Local : Government BUI from 
frustrating the Local -Government 
(Access- lo. Information) Act 1985 
was .rejected without a division in. 
the.Cdmmbns on tfte report .stage of 
the Local 1 Governmcnt Bill: •’ 

Mrs Angela Rnxnbold. Under 
Secretary of State foe EttvirohnienL 
said that nothing in the Bill would 
prevent -a local- authority giving 
proper -and hottest information 
about, its activities to its electorate. 

provided that* it was not of an 
overtly political fixture. 

Mr -ABan Roberts . (Bootle, Lab), 
’mowing ’fee new danse, said 
..councils could use the Bffl. as a 
loophole to get rooud fee access Act, 
-refosing loTekase documents on fee 
.grounds -that they were political. It 
- was a censorship Bill of the worst 

-. kind. 

. Mrs Ram bokl. said fee Bill .'sought 
Wly to prevent local authorities 
publishing any material -which 
appeared designed to aflecuor could 
reasonably be regarded as likely to 
affect, public support for a political 

Watchdog still to decide 
on links with drug firms 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent 

Ten new members have been 
appointed io the Medicines 
Commission, the Government’s 
senior drug safety and regulat- 
ory body, before agreement has 
been reached on disclosure of 
any links they may have with 
drug companies. 

.Last summer. Mr Kenneth 
Clarke, then Minister for 
Health, promised that ways 
would be found to put on public 
record the links new members 
of the commission and the 
Committee on Safety of Medi- 
cines have with drug com- 

That came after criticism 
from leading pharmacologists 
i lint there is no public record of 

.whether doctors. and others on 
the committees have links with 
drug companies through drug 
trials, company consultancies or 
shareholdings, when the com- 
mittees take decisions of com- 
mercial and safety importance. 

Pharmacologists say ' such 
involvement could be worth 
between £1.000 and £15.000 a 
year. However, they also accept 
that the necessary links between 
medicines and drug companies 
mean that constructing the 
committees from people with- 
out drug company ties would be 

Mr Clarke said last summer 
ihat existing committee mem- 
bers had been appointed on the 

basis that their interests would 
not be pubBcly ’ declared, 
ah hough they- are declared 
within the committees when 
particular items come up. It was 
intended to find ways to dis- 
close new members’ intcrests. 

Thc Department of Health 
and Social Security said yester- 
day that the issue was still being 

Dr Joe Collier, a consultant 
pharmacologist at St George's 
Hospital. Tooting, south Lon- 
don. said: ’’With 10 new 
members on the commission 
and the reappointment of six 
more we need to be told shortly 
of their links if Mr Clarke's 
promise is to be honoured. 

Drive to end school animal tests 

By Our Education Correspondent 

A country-wide campaign 
against experiments on animals 
in schools and universities was 
bunched yesterday by* the. 
National Anti-Viviscction So- 
ciety. which said there were 
growing numbers of distressed 
students whose consciences- 
were being stifled. 

The “Violence Free Science’’ 

campaign, whose slogan is 
“Education or Butchery? The 
Choice should be Yours” under 
a picture of a dead rat, wants 
students to be given the right 
not io .take pari in dissection 
and vivisection. 

With the support of the 
National Union of Students. 

which represents 1.25 million 
students, the campaign wants 
dissection to be abolished from 
A level biology. Last week the 
examination boards restated 
their policy that the dissection 
of animals was an integral part 
-of- A level biology and that 
students should have first-hand 
experience of it 

Renault challenges for 
family car market 

By Clifford Webb Motoring Correspondent 

Renault France has disclosed 
preliminary details of a new 
challenger in the family saloon 
and medium fleet car market, 
which is dominated in Britain 
by the Vauxhall Cavalier, Eord 
Sierra and Austin Montego. 

The Renault 21,. which will 
replace . the long-nmuing 
Renault. 18, will make its debut 
at the Geneva Motor Show in 
March, and then go on sale in 
continental showrooms, but It 
will not be available in Britain ‘ 
until June. 

The European range of II 
models wiU offer a choice of 
engines ranging from 1;7 to 2 
litres (petrol), and 2.1 litre 
diesel, with optional turbo- 
charging. United Kingdom 

models will not be announced 
until s Jane. 

The 14.5ft-long, front-wheel- 
drive saloon is claimed to have 
exceptional passenger room, a 
large boot, and one of the most 
aero-dynamically efficient 
shapes in its class. 

The .biggest difficulty facing 
France's state-owned company 
is its inability to design 
attractive mass-produced cars: 
they tend to be efficient but 
faceless. The up-market 
Renault 25 broke new ground 
because it was exciting and 
efficient. It remains to be seen 
whether the cheaper Renault 
21 can capture public imagin- 
ation in the same way. 


The Renault 21, available In Britain from June. 


to change 

A; short stretch ‘ of ' the 
Westminster skyline close to 
Big Ben ‘ -viill disappear in the 
next few weeks .’when demo- 
lition; teams move into, a J 10- 
y ear-old block' of shops, and 
offices in. Bridge Street (Stephen, 
Good wiiv writes). 

.The name “Palace Chamb- 
ers’? lends, a grandeur to the 
government-owned block, which 
is undeserved- The newly 
cleaned stonework of the House 
of Commons on the opposite 
side of the street emphasizes the 
building's run-down appear- 

Standing over Westminster 
Underground station, the six- 
storey building forms part of a 
site scheduled for redevelop- 
ment for parliamentary use. Its 
architectural embellishments 
have already been removed and 
it is surounded by scaffolding. 

Demolition will begin at the 
end of this month and in the 
fust phase, costing £300,000. 
the top four floors of offices will 
be removed. A temporary roof 
will be built to allow the 
ground-floor shops to continue 
their mainly tourist trade until 
leases expire at the end of 

Britain to 
join A-sites 

By Pat Healy 

The Government has agreed 
to . - take- pan. in ■ scientific 
evaluations of whether it is 
technically possible to clear up 
the remaining radioactivity at 
the rites of Britain’s atom bomb 
test in Australia in the 1950s 
(Pal -Healy writes). 

‘ The evaluations will be 
carried out by a technical 
assessment group, which is 
expected to produce an interim 
report in May. The Govern- 
ment is also to be represented 
on ' a new consultative group 
which will discuss and monitor 
progress on the rehabilitation of 
the tests sites. The consultative 
group will include representa- 
tives of Aboriginal interests. 

Agreement on the two new 
groups was announced in 
London yesterday by Senator 
Gareth Evans, Australian Min- 
ister for Resources and Energy, 
after talks with British ministers 
on the recommendations of the 
Australian royal commission on 
the tests. 

The commission, led by Mr 
Justice James McClelland, rec- 
ommended that Britain should 
pay for a new clean-up of 
nuclear test sites in Australia. 



The more the Government h 
embarrassed by Westland, the 
greater the chances nf a hung 
Parliament after the next 
election. This gives added poinr 
to what Mr David Steel has 
been saying about _ _ the 
Alliance’s terms for a coalition. 

Dr David Owen upset many 
Liberals al the end of 
November when he suggested 
that the Alliance should de- 
mand an advisory referendum 
on proportional representation 
rather than an absolute com- 
mitxnent to introduce electoral 
reform. Mr Steel had approved 
the speech, to which certain 
amendments were made at his 
suggestion. But he was known 
not to be at ail enthusiastic 
about the Alliance boving itself 
in by talking of a referendum at 
this stage. Now he is referring 
to a referendum as part uf the 
package he would be prepared 
to consider as a fail-back. If a 
straight agreement on PR was 
not available. 

The first element of this 
package would be a commit- #_ 
ment to legislate In the first 0 * 
session of the next Parliament 
for tbe introduction of PR for 
local government and European 
parliamentary elections. But 
there would also have to be a 
firm undertaking to hold a 
referendum oo PR for West- 
minster within about two years. 

Detailed scheme 
to be published 

He is not spedfic about what 
the question would be in such a 
referendum. It could be just on 
tiie principle of PR. It coaid be 
on a particular system. The 
Alliance intends to publish a 
detailed scheme for the intro- 
duction of the Single Transfer- 
able Vote in its programme 
before the election, possibly in 
a separate document in the nor 
too distant future. Tbe refer- 
endum could be on that scheme.' 

It might conceivably be on a 
Bill which had passed through 
Parliament but was not to be. 
implemented unless there was a 
favourable vote in a refer- 
endum: that would broadly be 
following the procedural prece- 
dent set in the case of Scottish 
and Welsh devolution. 

It seems to me highly, 
desirable in constitutional \i 
terms that the electoral system * 
should not be changed unless 
precise alternative arrange- 
ments had been approved by 
the electorate in a referendum. 
There is no other way in which 
the legitimacy of - the system 
cooltf. be assured. But at this 
stage this approach' -seems the 
least likely of the three to be 

If Mr Steel is not dogmatic, 
about the question to be askedj 
however, heis-empftaric on. two 
other points, any coalition 
partner* would; have to promise, 
to campaign for a “Yes'* vote, 
and it would have- to get the 
whole package of commitments; 
endorsed by its parliamentary 

Essentially what Mr Steel is ^ 
doing is to make the .Alliance's 
negotiating terms more flexible. 

It is not possible for a political 
leader to allow his fall-back 
position - to . become known 1 
without, in bet, falling back. 

If r were -an ardent advocate 
of - PR who believed that 
electoral reform was- more 
important than anything else, E 
might be worried by what Mr 
Steel has been- saying. I. would 
be asking how he could Jteep 
his coalition partner to the 
referendum commitment. 


Coalition offers 
Alliance more 


-Would it not be possible to 
delay the referendum perhaps 
by stringing out the discussions 
on the ■ precise form of the 
question, and then to break off 
tbe coalition in the third year, 
when another election might 
not seem unattractive? 

But as a political observer, I 
believe that Mr Steel is 
adopting the right tactics in 
befog more flexible. The 
Alliance has more to gain from 
taking part in a coalition than 
from the- introduction of PR. 
Only in office can it obtain that 
extra- measure of credibititv 
whieh it so badly needs. The 
r labour landsUde victory or 
1945 might never have occurred 
if the country had not become 
used to having Labour minis- 
ters in the wartime coalition. 

Even if feerc Ls a h 
Parliament, the Alliance cannot 
assume that it will be able to 
form a coalition with anybody. 
It is not clear at this stage why 
it would be in the long-term 

f B ti her th « Conscrva- 
nres or Labour to build up tbe 
AUrance by aflowing it P int o 

aSSL.t.L— ‘“conclusive 
SKft® 0 «*w Alliance cannot 
iK "™" 


’arliamentary today 

rk?rT debate on Oppo- 
foc si»ua?;n° ns on and on 

Sy? TS" m Mrhcoli - <31: 

(.Amendment i ffiih second rrodifSiT* 

r , 

A My 



1 | 

,. P^V: " i , 

Younger to meet 

over future of 
Nimrod project 

By Rodney Cowton, Defence Correspondent 

Mr Geoige Younger, Sec- 
retary of State for Defence, is 
. expected to meet senior officials 
• of GEC Avionics early next 
week about the Nimrod Air- 
I borne Early Warning aircraft 
project which appears to be on 
the brink of cancellation. 

- Ministry of Defence officials 
■ and GEC the principal contra o- 
i tor continued yesterday to work 
on options which might still 
1 enable the survival of the 
project, ’which has been in 
; progress since 1977 and bas cost 
. about £1 billion. 

There is. however, profound 
" doubt |a the. ministry whether 
GEC can achieve the minimum 
performance standards required 
to enable the aircraft to be 
brought into service with the 
' Royal Air Force. 

At the meeting, between Mr 
Younger. Mr James Prior, 
chairman of GEC and Lord 
Weinstock, the company’s chief 
executive, the fundamental 
question will be whether GEC 
: can improve substantially on 
.'the proposals it has so far put to 
the ministry. 

If it. cannot offer belter 
prospects than of bringing the 
, project to a satisfactory per- 
1 formance level at an acceptable 
i cost , and within a reasonable 
time, then the prospect would 
be fbr the Cabinet to consider 
cancelling the project, and a 
.search for alternatives to meet 
the RAFs needs. 

Among the difficulties which 
Nimrod is experiencing are an 
inability adequately to track 
slow-moving objects over land 
' and to cope with the mass of 
information which its radars 

GEC is likely to react 
vigorously to any move to 
cancel the project or to blame it 

for the cancellation. It is known ; 
to believe that many of thej 
criticisms made of it are u nfair I 

In negotiations during the 
past two months, which have: 
included two meetings between 
Mr Michael Heseltine. then 
Secretary of State for Defence, 
and Mr Prior, there has been a 
wide gap between the two sides, 
with the company at one stage 
putting forward proposals cost- 
ing more than £400 million, 
while the ministry was thinking 
of a price of about £1 00 million. 

Those figures would be just 
to achieve an initial operating 
standard which. RAF sources 
say, would be in some respects 
25 per cent below the required 
standard. It is estimated that it 
would require an additional 
£300 million to bring the 
aircraft up to the full perform- 
ance standard. 

Even if the project went 
ahead, the Nimrods would not 
be in squadron service until 
1987-88. about five years 
behind the original timetable. 
At a cost of around £100 
million each they would be the 
most expensive aircraft ever 
operated by the RAF. 

If the project is cancelled, the 
options likely to be considered 
are the Boeing Awacs, which is 
in service with Nato. the 
Hawkeye E-2C, which the 
United Stales Navy operates, 
and the Orion P3C made by 

The cost of any of those 
options, depending on the 
number of aircraft bought, 
would be likely to be in the 
region of £600 million to £800 
million and would create 
enormous pressures on the 
defence budget which, in any 
case, will be under strain during 
the next few years. 


The painting of Ian Botham by the Scottish artist, John 
Bellany, which was- unveiled in the National Portrait Gallery 
in London yesterday. 

Botham ‘set to be ;■ 
a millionaire 9 

More women graduates 
going into commerce 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

i Many more women graduates 
are going into commerce, 
accountancy, banking and in- 
j sura nee as well as manufactur- 
ing industry, a survey published 
i yesterday states. 

Women graduates have per- 
I haps been more able to take 
< advantage of tbe widening 
I opportunities than any other 
j sector of the female workforce, 
j it says. 

This follow changes in the 
' universities and polytechnics. 

| Many more women now get a 
« degree, 

The survey. What Do Gradu- 
ates Do? is compile by the 
, Association of Graduate 

Careers Advisory Services and 
sponsored by Touche Ross, 
chartered accountants. It shows 
a 50 per cent rise in the number 
of women joining manufactur- 
ing industry. 

Unemployment among 
women university graduates has 
been less than that for men - 7.4 
per cent compared with 8.5 per 
cent for men last year. 

Sex discrimination remains a 
difficulty. The report says: 
“Certain employment areas 
continue to prove difficult for 
women to enter and they are 
often under-represented in the 
higher levels of management ” 

Ian Botham, the cricketer, 
is set to be the highest- 
paid British sportsman after a 
deal signed with Nike, the 
sportswear company, Mr Tim 
Hudson, his manager, said 

Botham will promote the 
whole range of sports gear 
produced by Mr Hudson's 
company and bought by Nike, 
including rugby shirts and 
tennis shoes, not just cricket 
clothing and equipment. 

“If everything sells in the 
United States, as Nike expects 
them to, lan will be a 
millionaire*', said Mr Hudson 
in London at the on ceding of a 
painting of Botham at the 
National Portrait Gallery. 

Botham, who is the first 
player since W. G. Grace to 
have his portrait hung in’ the 
gallery, did not attend the 
unveiling as he and his wife. 


Method of 

By Nicholas Timmins 
Social Services 
Stringent criticism of the way 
in which Stanley Royd Hospital 
is being run down to meet the 
policy of care in the community 
for the mentally ill has come 
from the inquiry into the 
outbreak of food poisoning at 
the hospital. Other psychiatric 
hospitals are criticized by 

The policy, the inquiry says, 
is “wholly admirable” and “to 
be applauded”. But it gives a 
blunt warning that the way it is 
being implemented has restric- 
ted both capital and revenue 
expenditure at the hospital, to 
its disadvantage, and that it 
must be appreciated that the 
changes will cost considerably 
more, at least during the period 
of the change-over. 

“Expensive changes should 
not be made unless they can be 
afforded”, the inquiry says, 
“and they cannot be afforded if 
the cost is that patients in the 
existing hospitals are not 
property cared for”. 

The inquiry found that lack 
of finance, as such, did not 
contribute to the food poisoning 
outbreak in 1984, in which 19 
patients died. But the inquiry' 
was told that an already poorly- 
staffed hospital had difficulty 
recruiting nurses because many 
preferred to work in the newer 
community services than in an 
institution, and Yorkshire Re- 
gional Health Authority’s for- 
mute for withdrawing money 
fr° m Stanley Royd to develop 
1 services elsewhere appeared 

►y the Scottish artist, John “wholly arbitrary", the inquiry 

he National Portrait Gallery cm , . 

Thc 830-bed hospital lost 

iSterflay * £200.000 of its £3.5 million 

budget when a new unit was 
1%/v opened at Pontefract, but the 

111 I ft* Change reduced the number of 

^ **** . ^ patients in Stanley Royd by 

• • only 1 1. “This change effected a 

||1 0 "I "1*0 J reduction in the short term". 

'UftXa W Even with community care, 

thc inquiry says, thc Stanley 
iathryn, have influenza - and Royds of this country, or their 
ire confined to their hotel in replacements, will still be 
Jong Kong. needed to care for some long- 

stay and elderly disturbed 

Mr Hudson said: “Nike Is patients who will never be able 
i pending large six figures on to remain in the community, 
promoting his image alone and “Thc evidence presented to 
t pats Ian on the same scale as us suggested strongly that it has 
he highest US earners like not been appreciated by every- 
(ohn McEnroe ami the basket- one that these proposed changes 
jail ' player, Michael Jordan, necessarily involve a cons id er- 
fle is the first British sports- able increase in expenditure, at 
nan to get such a deal in the least during the period while 
JS and will be the highest they are taking place, for the 
►aid.” new facilities have to be created 

Botham would be sold “as ?"t t . slaf [ ed ™ hil « * c . old 
he English look, not aeces- faci . I,t, « ^ve to be at least 
2n>- pibaT tai ™^ ned at a ^factory 

iefinhely cricket style”. lev 5| ’ . - .. . . 

In spite of the regions 

Tbe portrait, by tbe Scottish statement that the changes 
irtist, John BeBany, was should not involve detriment to 
xmunissioned by the gallery's existing facilities, that “cannot 
rnstees and was praised be more than the expression of 
yesterday by art experts, a pious hope", given the overall 
Jthoogh other viewers ex- picture of the way the changes 
tressed disapprovaL are planned, the inquiry said. 


Kathryn, have influenza ■ and 
are confined to their hotel in 
Hong Kong. 

Mr Hudson said: “Nike is 
spending large six figures on 
promoting his image alone and 
it pats Ian on the same scale as 
the highest US earners like 
John McEnroe aid tbe basket- 
ball player, Michael Jordan. 
He is the first British sports- 
man to get such a deal in the 
US and will be the highest 

Botham would be sold “as 
the English look, not neces- 
sarily public school hot 
definitely cricket style". 

The portrait, by tbe Scottish 
artist, John BeBany, was 
com mi ssioned by the gallery's 
trustees and was praised 
yesterday by ait experts, 
although other viewers ex- 
pressed disapprovaL 

What happens to your stately 
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Rebuke over 
closure of 
rail works 

By David Felton 
. Labour Correspondent 
■ A church-sponsored inquiry 
into the closure of the British 
Rail engineering works at 
Swindon by the end of March is 
highly critical of the way the 
closure was handled by ihe 

The report of the inquiry, 
which was published yesterday, 
said that the management of 
British Rail Engineering Ltd 
(Brel) “should be severely 
censured for their inconsiderate 
and inconsistent handling of the 
affair prior to the closure 

The inquiry, headed by the 
Bishop of Malmesbury, the 
Right Rev Peter Firth, was 
established to examine the 
social impact of the closure of 
the works, with the loss of 2.000 
jobs, on Swindon and surround- 
ing areas. It found that because 
of the way in which the closure 
was handled tens of thousands 
of local people would lose trust 
and respect for authority. 

About 400 jobs are being 
retained at Swindon because the 
company has given a commit- 
ment to keep open the machine 
and spring shops as well as the 
foundry for 12 months 

The other members of the 
inquiry panel included Lord 
Scanlon, former president of the 
Amalgamated Engineering 
Workers Union. Mr Douglas 
Strachan, a former senior 
executive with Allied Breweries, 
and Mr John Garnett, director 
of the Industrial Society. 

Brel was said by the inquiry 
to have announced the closure 
of the works to national 
union officials who told the 
people of Swindon. Subsequent- 
ly, the manag ement made press 
announcements and distributed 
a video to company sites 
outside Swindon explaining the 
need for the closure of the 
Swindon works if other centres 
were to survive. 

The local council Thames- 
down Borough Council, which 
opposed the closure, is also 
criticized fbr failing to co-oper- 
ate with Brel in discussions on 
how to ameliorate the damage 
to the community 

A Brel spokesman said the 
company “takes very strong 
exception" to the report’s 
allegation that it had been 
inconsiderate and inconsistent. 

The company said that it has 
also established a development 
agency 10 try 10 bring jobs back 
to tbe site. 


T T T i’ ■ l .. 1 ™ J ™r 1 




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With a height of 518 feet above seaside level, you might expect to 
find special double-glazing at the top of Blackpool Tower. 

And you'd be right. 

The observation platform now boasts 62 Everest Replacement 
Windows. All with tough aluminium frames, energy-saving glass and 
insulation so good it can even stop a feather in its tracks. 

Special indeed. Yet specification-wise, these are the same Everest 
windows already fitted to thousands of normal homes. 

Come up the Tower and see for yourself. Failing that, fill in this 
coupon and get down to the pillar box. ^ 


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pe.:-;c2w-:;*j iiw: jsx \« - . 




on sanctions 

Jflte E«rlt, Rome 

GadafB, the Zjbyjm ' day. but maintained be had 
leader ; iS-c ondocting a diplo- tried to., dissuade the Palesti- 
ntatic- ofiens ive aimed', through . nians from carrying it out. 

Italy at , softening, the EEC • The- Italian information 
response, to . the: United .States about the Libyan -* leader has 
call .ftifc 'sanctions which Com?, come partly through direct 
m unity foreign. ministers are to contracts and partly Via the 
disettf raMootfay.!. ' . . Maltese Prime Minister. 

T^a*.** Ifac .bdief here .after Signor Craxi is reported to 

Morma ys'- Un exported meeting have reacted by . saying' it must 
in paJermp^ between Signor be made clear to the Libyan 
Beitinb Craxv the Prime Minis- deader that he should repudiate 
ter. "Stid.-Mr Catrarlo Mifsud- terrorism pubfidyl' He. should 
Bonniri, -the ' -Maltese Prime do so publicly 1 and ’ openly, as a 
Minister and after -direct ex- ; .pofitfcaI act. It was. not enough 
chaag&.'whicfrhave been akm» . to send message.'- through 
plaec . befwcen - Rome . /and! friendly statesmen: Terrorism, 
Tripoli;- .v the Libyan leader sbouldunder- 

Signor -Craxi 'was. in ■ Taor-. stand, only - harmed the Arab 
mihaibr&lks with the Spanish cause. • 1 . 

Prime- - Minister; ' Sedor Felipe The Libyan leader's move is 
GonzSlez - ax. which IcrTorism seen_ here 'as showing that 
a nd lhe/fiiture oF relations with President Reagan’s - caU'. for 
Libya — were among ’ " topics sanctions is having some effect, 
discussed.— when he received a Although West Europe has no 
telephone: call from Mr Mifsud intention of following suit. 

sf» . 


'"*} ••• 

,.N ' 




jtflj v v *’ • ' <.r 

Shady property deals alleged 

Spotlight on Marcos clan in 
• Congressional TV drama 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

! V 

- -vfc 

''■ku .* 

<sk - . • r.j&cs 

*_• n*>- 

*• • •• -V-'M 

Bomrici 'asking for 'ah urgent 
meefingr- . 

Mr Mifsud Bonnici had had a 
private di sc ussion with Colonel 
Gadaffi! the i week before and 
conveyed a ‘ verbal , message 
from the Libyan leader. - - 
All.. that Signor. Craxi said 

Western Countries may- gradu- 
ally disengage themselves, econ- 
omically, and the Libyan regime, 

The message, sent via the 
Maltese. Prime Minister is the 
second diplomatic initiative by 
Colonel Gadafli. towards Italy 

publicly , after hearing, the * n a week. Last Friday a 
message: was that there was; “a message . from 'the Libyan 

« • — r :u • frfwf-T-n mant . i. ii.. 

• .‘y 

c. :*r . •• ■ y.v 1 ;h . 

.. 4 > ... - • t ? 

k;*S*- ' k'. . 

'Si t* V * ♦'* - ,x 

t ■>. -v 

* T? '.y r i 

• 'Ax \ s 'ih'. ’ -s' :r>- ‘ ' 

• ' * 

desire, on. the Libyan : side to 
clarify Tripoli’s position*'. 

In- ajithoritive quarters, it is 
said.Uiat : Colonel GadafQ is 

, WH* V^viyuw vouoiu • 19 w 

uying to emphasise his non- 40(1 love”. 

Government- to: the Sicilian 
regional government' ^said Libya 
was working “fbr our Meditier- 
ranean to become a sea of peace 

Paris's scaled-down reproduction of the Statue of Liberty on an island in the River Seine 
being made ready for restoration to mark its centenary on July 15. It will be fitted with a 
— new robe designed by Christian Dior showing the French and US fl«gg- 

An important congressional 
hearing has all the ingredients 
of a prime-time television 
court-room drama; and a 
foreign affairs subcommittee's 
ruthless exposure of the alleged 
shady New York property 
dealings by the family of 
President Marcos must rate as 
one of the best. 

“I believe we will be able to 
show at this bearing that the 
Marcoses have transported 
crony capitalism on a colossal 
scale from Manila to Manhat- 
tan.” the chairman told the 
crowded committee room and 
the battery of television cam- 
eras. “At a time when over half 
the Filipino people live in 
poverty . . . Ferdinand and 
Imelda Marcos have secretly led 
a headlong, multi-billion dollar 
flight of capital out of their 

The scene was set the charges 
laid. The half-panelled room 
with its august portraits of 
distinguished Congressmen, the 
podium for the inquisitors and 
their aides, the flag, the police 
on the door, the press, the table 
for the witnesses with their 
bulging document files - ail lent 
traditional dignity. 

Congress was doing what it 
does best: examining, with 
stylized formality, the ramifi- 
cations of the Administration’s 
foreign policy. Should Washing- 
ton continue to back a regime 
that owes the world S27 billion, 
receives $1.25 billion in US aid 
and yet whose leadership was 
apparently investing $200 mil- 

lion in American real estate? 
Was not a President with a 
salary of $5,700 a year corruptly 
impoverishing millions of his 
countrymen to pay for his wife's 
long Island palace? 

The evidence was certainly 
damning: a US lawyer ex- 
plained how his Filipino client, 
a Dr Figueroa, had tried to sue 
Mrs Marcos and her front men 
for defrauding him of his share 
in the budding, but had 
inexplicably withdrawn the 
million dollar suit fearing for 
his family’s safety in the 
Philippines. Another lawyer 
traced the well-concealed links 
between various offshore com- 
panies, New York property 
dealers and Imelda Marcos. An 
official, from the General 
Accounting Office produced tax 
records linking payment of 
property taxes to a Philippines 
United Nations diplomat who 
looked after Mrs Marcos's 
personal affairs in the US. 
Subpoenaed private letters to 
her palace in Manila, unans- 
wered of course, were read out. 
urging her to pay her dues on 
the Lindcnmere estate or face 
embarrassing publicity. 

Representative Stephen 
Solarz. the ambitious and 
incisive committee chairman 
with that Perry Mason air of 
crusading righteousness, led the 
witnesses through their lines 
with devastating courtroom 
coolness. “Who told you that?” 
“Why did he withdraw his 
suit?” “What did you infer?” 
and just as on television, 

political passions flared up 
between the examining coun- 
sels. “One day America will be 
held accountable: whether we 
stood silent while the Philippine 
people went further into debt 
and Mr Marcos and his family 
feathered their American 
nests ... ” declared Mason's 
assistant, a liberal representa- 
tive from New Jersey. 

But Hamilton Burger, in 
reality a passionate right-winger 
from Wisconsin called Roth, 
was having none of it. The 
hearing was a monstrous inter- 
ference in the Philippines 
elections: witnesses were op- 
ponents of President Marcos 
misusing a congressional 
committee to make politics: 
there was no shred of documen- 
tary evidence. 

They traded insults and then 
exchanged elaborate parliamen- 
tary courtesies: Would my 
honourable friend yield ... If 
my honourable friend would 
wait he will have the docu- 
ments . . . My honourable 
friend is entitled to remain 
unconvinced . . . and so on. 
Mason won on points, with 
audience gasps and laughter 
spurring him on. Burger with- 
drew sulking “I have no 
questions for this witness." 

Mr Solarz, himself from New 
York, has suDk his teeth into 
the Marcos family and is 
drawing blood. Evidence may 
be circumstantial, but every 
circumstance is eroding public 
suppoK here for the Marcos 

invotemem with acts of Palesti- 
nian -tecrorism. He is reported 
to have t.old the Italians that, he 

’• There was -no mention of 
earlier . threats, to retaliate 
against the' installation of US 


knew/ nothing of the Rome aruwe missiles in Sicily. Instead, 

nMn.L — r **»- - - « -1-7 ' - jhl» JTlPCCQtf^ «i/l- u l iku« kar 

airport attack of, December 27. 
On the.other hand, he admitted 
that he knew of plans for the 

Siam xxv vt fjuuia JWI..UAC — — “J r 

Vienna airport attack the same ^*11 it ever be”. 

the message said: “Libya has 
never been a source of hostility 
towards- any part of Italy, nor 


^ '1: yia.-i 

,ioya secures gams 
from US threats 


Tripoli - (NYT) ' - Libya’s 
Foreign Minister, Mr AH 
Trelkv has said that- US 
economic sanctions and trbeats 
of military action against Libya 
have prompted an improvement 
io Libya's, relations with 
Tunisia and with other Arab 
countries with whom ties had 
been strained. 

In an interview Mr Treiiti 
said there had been, contactsr 
recently between Tunis and. 
Tripoli, including a. discasrion 
of the posuUe reopetiitg of die 
border between the two neigh- 
bouring states. The border was 
closed and diplomatic • ties 
severed last September after a 
quarrel over Libya’s expulsion 
of 40,000 Tunisian makers. 

Mr Trend's remarks came 
amid reports from Libyan 
sources that the Libyan leader. 
Colonel MuaramarGajlafij will, 
meet later tins week Algeria's 
President ChadG Benjedid. 

Relations .between Algeria 
and Libya have been strained 
by ColoneL GadaffTs decision 
to stop supporting the Polisario 
guerrillas; who have been 
fighting with Algerian support 
to create an independent nation 
in the Western Sahara, con- 
trolled' by Morocco. Libyan 


Mr Trefidb conciliatory tone 
towards America 

support for Polisario ended 
• after Libya and •* Morocco 
signed a unity agreement in 

An easing of strains between 
Libya and its two key North 
African neighbours would be a 
considerable accomplishment 
.• for Colonel Gadaffw diplomats 
here said. 

“The . crisis . between 
: Washington and . Libya 1 has 
grrenns agoodopporiimlty for 
al£ Arab countries to strengthen 
. relations,” Mr TreBd said. . 

- US threats-to Libya, he said, 
had already had the effect of 
prompting Arabs to bury their 
differences' to defend a fellow 
Arab nation. As evidence, Mr 
Treiki cited the declaration 
issued by the meeting of 
Islamic' Conference foreign 
- ministers earlier this month in 
Fez, Morocco. 

The foreign ministers stated 
their “firm solidarity with the 
Ubyan-Arab people and active 
support in the defence of their 
sovereignty, territorial integrity 
and territorial waters'*. 

Mr Treiki seemed particu- 
larly eager to appear concili- 
atory towards Tunisia. Libya's 
expulsion - last summer of 
Tunisian workers, a result of a 
shortage of hard currency, has 
affected the Libyan economy 
adversely. Libya might even 
consider readmitting some of 
the 40,000 expelled workers, 
“if Libyan oil revenues pick up 
and workers are still needed.'’ 

The Libyan Foreign Minis- 
ter also adopted a somewhat 
conciliatory tone towards the 
Reagan Administration, and 
called for the reopening of a 
dialogue between Washington 
.and TripolL President Reagan 
imposed economic sanctions 
against Libya, claiming that 
Tripoli-financed international 
terrorism was Involved in the 
attacks by Palestinian terror- 
ists at the Rome and Vienna 
airports on December 27.' 





>, ‘ ,< 8r§: 

*J IlM 




£ 2,000 


£ 6,000 





Monthly Income 

£ 8,000 
















(Each additional EIJQOO invested produces an mngc of £10 a month -£120 a yeat Maximum holding £50 .000.] 

if youVe held your Bond For a year or more. (For details of earlier 
repayment, see paragraph 6 of the prospectus below.) 

When it comes to enjoying life, an investment in National 
Savings Income Bonds can make all die difference. Interest is paid 
monthly, so you get extra money coming in regularly to spend 
enjoying life or simply to help pay the bills. 

Invest here and now. You can be sure your investment will 
always provide a worthwhile income - month in, month out 

Ail you have to do is complete the coupon and send it with 
your cheque (payable to ‘National Savings’) to NSIB, Bonds and 
Stock Office, Blackpool, FY3 9YE Or ask for an application form 
at your Post Office. 

It’s probably the most enjoyable investment you’ll ever make. 

Terror on EEC agenda 

National Savings INCOME BONDS 


The Hague - European 
foreign ministers will discuss 
measures against international 
terrorism next week, and are 
expected to adopt an embargo 
on the export of arms from 
Europe to Libya (Richard Owen 

But Mr Hans van den Broek, 
the Dutch Foreign Minister and 
current president of the Council 
of Ministers, his ratics with 
other foreign ministers showed 

it would be “difficult to reach 
consensus” on economic sano 
' lions “to isolate one country”. 

The ministers had beat 
under pressure lo-hold a special 
meeting on sanctions this week 
in the wake of the American 
decision to cut off trade with 
TripolL . Although several 
member states asked for such a 
meeting, the EEC derided to 
wait until the next scheduled 
foreign ministers’ meeting at the 
end of next week. 

Warsaw out to silence 
voice of Solidarity 

From Roger Boyes, Warsaw 

The Polish authorities are cists have . been heavily firieT 
stepping op their campaign and given 18-month suspended 
againtet the organizers of sentences, 
clandestine Solidarity . trie- - Solidarity television ; is a 
vision and radio networks. modest affair. Org anized on a 

. _ „ local basis, its ann is usually to 

Interrogation of recently ^er^pt tfa e official news 



arrested underground figures in . programme flashing slogans 
Gdansk has unravelled one “Solidarity lives’*, or 

broadcasting unit; a trial in “Don’t eo to the polls” on to 

Torn of a leading astrophysi- 
cist connected, with Solidarity 

“Don’t go to the polls” on to 
the screens. Any longer inter- 
ruption would be easily traced 

television has pr o du ce d a large a nd. in any case. Solidarity 
<> f tfes fohoay About how reckons, the shock value of a 

the secret television operators 
work: and the authorities look 
set to stage an. im por ta nt trial 
in the case of A ffinx-ntakerwho 
has been helping to create video 
network. - . • ' , 

Id the Tonm . trial the 
astrophysicist and two physi- 

30-second interruption is suf- 
ficient to prove the point. 

Solidarity radio trans- 
pitaginns are mare frequent and 
lengthier, bnr their andihflftyis 
weak and listeners have to be 
akrted to the. appropriate 

frequency in advance. . 

PROSPECTUS -f October 1984 

1^ -IMMCMvaf SwingsisautfOHal by italouisConmsionefSol H» Majesty* 
-Gentry lo receive uiU tiaiher notice applications for National Savings Income 
Bonds rBondO. 

2 The Bonds ate a Government secutily issued unde (he National loans Aa19&a 
They are registered in the Nsogral Sailings Smc>. Register and are subject to the 
Regulations relating to the ttnional Sanngs Slock Regtstei far the time bera m 
fare e. solar as these areappGcableThepmcjpal of and interest on me Bonds *mH be 
a charge on the National Loans hr\d. 


3 1 Subject to a minimum mal prechase ol £2.000 {see para? aph a Bond may be 
puchased far ftOOOoramtaleoilhat sum. Payment in fufinua be made at the 
tme of appSabonThe date or ptachase wil far a9 puposes be the date of ieceipt 
of the remittance: with a coapieied application fowl a] the Bonds arid St ode Qttiu 
Btedpod. or such other place as *e Ovector ol Savings may specify 

32 AtviwMinciilatriificambeamig the date ofptadtase.wffl be issued in respect 
of each purchase 


4l.No person may fwKt echersoWy. or jointly wah any other person less than 
GjDOO or more Star ISOJOBO ol BondsBond s nhented bom a dec eased holder wd 
not cocrtt towards the perw m ed rrmthnim fttrthennore Bonds held by aperson 
as trustee wil not com toMnls the maximum whidt he is permuted to hold ei he 
personal capacity: nor w0 Bonds hdd in trust count tomeids She permitted 
rnaxmim a a benefidarys personal holdipg. 

42 The Tieasury may wry the rruximian end rrsnmum holding- Fimits and the 
mranum nvtial purchase worn time to utnupongnimg norce No such lariation 
will pi aptrice any right under the prospectus enjoyed by a Bondholder anmedate^r 
before the wnaMm-oi Htspect tf a BondUwn held by h<m 


51 interest wB be wkJatod on a da* lo day basis from the daw olputftase at a 

rate deteimned by the -fteaMay fihe Tieasury ralO ■ 

52 fmeresr wS be payable on the 5th day of 'each month The Daectw of 
Savings may defer payments of accrued intBesi otherwise due vt respea of a Bond 
withai the period of sue weels Mowing diedate of puchase indl the neamterest 
daiefoSowingtheendof ihupenod 

5 3 If on repayment the Bond Is* by reason of paragraph 6 1. earned less mierea 
than the total afready paid in respea of the BoncT under preagraph 52 theTaalance 
w S be deducted from the sUmSc be repaidanyinTeien learned on theBond and not 
already paid before repayment wgbeaddedwiheavn to bercparfif.m the caseof 
repayment under paragraph is not reasonably podioble to stop'an interest 
payment from being made after the repayment dare the amount of that interest 
payment wd be deduoed from the sum to be repul . 

5.4Thel«wy may bmtmtajimewNyihelreasuy rate upon giving su weeks' 

55 The fnvy may fiom tmeto lime vary the, intends a and daes on wtwh 
■oerest is payable, liori ghSno ^notice and in so doing may spedTy holdirg lm*s 
abew a below whKh' any Tfldaticn wfil apply No wnaBoriwfl apply a a Bond 
issued before the-variation'iaitess the Bondholder apees to such appheanon 

56 hueres on a Bond regfitered m the solename of amra onder seven years 
age ml normaBy bepatortoa National 5awngs Barti aaount itrthe name of the 

S7 1 nterea firia Bond vwl bepaid vatttout deducuon ol treofi* ttx but it * sut*ea 
to Income T« and iibiS be wcluded n any return of income reade-io the RJand . 
Rewdue. , 


- 6 1 ABondholdet may obtain repayment of a Bard at pj belaeredempticm upon I 
gnmg 3 calendar months notice The Bond vnll earn merest at ir* Beacury raw I 
from Lhe date of purchase up lo |fie repayment date i.vhef e repavnurt faPs On or I 
alter the hra anmvwsary of purchase Where the 'epayment date falls bofeve the •' 

lira arrwersary of pu chase the Bond ivill earn mterenai hdt the Treasury raiefipm I 

the date of puchase up to the repayment date I 

62 Where an application far repayment ol a Bond is made after thedeathof the sole I 
or solescrtnnng registered holder no ficedpenod of rttticeisrequ red and the Bond * 
«WI earn merest at the Ttcasuy rale ficen the dale of puthase up to the date of I 
repayment, whether or not repuymeni otters before the first armwsary ol the I 
puthase I 

6 J Any application ta repayment of 3 Bond must be made in -M4 nq to the Bondi I 

and Slocl Office. Black p ool and accomparaed by the uwsimeni cenri'caie. The I 
period of nonce given by the Bondholder wi becafculared Item thedaie on which I 
the appULdhon is received in the Bonds and Stock Office | 

64 Applaaticn may be made for repayment of pan cl a Bond n an arrouni ol ■ 

. ft.00Clcr a rrwltiple of Put sum provided that the hotdng of Bonds remairvng Alter I 
the'pan repayment wifl sra fal within the mm mum hatting turn imposed by ■ 
pate^apha t as vaned from time to time under paragraph a; The prKedrng sub I 

paragraphs wfl apply to the pan repaid as io a whole Bond iheiemairung balance I 
w>B have the same date of puthasearsl the same merest daiuas were applicable ■ 
to fheanginal Bond immediately prior to repaymem | 


7 Intel es wd be payable direct toa Nabarjl Sanngs Bank a other bank account a • 

■ by crossed wwerit sere by post Capital wdl be repayable ckiea io a National I 

Savmgs Bank accoert or by oc-ssed wairant sent by post. 1 


8 A Bond fwtd by a minor unde the age of seven wears, either solely o juintl. cvith * 

- ' any Other person wifl not be icoayable. ev.epi with the consent of Uie D«e Jm ol I 

-Saocgs- ■ 


9 Bonds w4 not be transferable ercepl wilhlheconsenlof IheOve- icvofSavingi 

~1ransfer’ofaBond'0'partofaBondV.4lonlybe'altcrAed<rianamnureof £1000 nr I 

• mUiopae of that sum and will not be aRowed if the hotdng of m» Transferor or * 
transferee would I hereby be oucs«iethe holding tvnesenposed cry paragraph 4 las I 

■ -.a/ied from tvneto rvneuncta paragraph 1 2 The Director of 5avmgs will nomMlfy * 

give consent in the case of. tar example, denotation of Bonds on me death of a I 
holder bur not lo any proposed bander wtwh is bv way of sale or for an, I 

-cmadwacnn’ • - - - • — - - n 


lOThekeaswvgv>Ugnrea.-iynotKereqLiiredunclecpiragraph42^.-1.55ortlofihe I 
jBospecrus'm the London. kdrtugh and Belfast Games a many other nwmei 1 
whtchtheyttwik fitrt nonce agisehoOwK* than m the GaMresffwtfi as soonas I 
& reisrtnahfy poss*te therea/ret-bejeCorded m lhecn_ .. I 


11 Each Bond may be held for a guaranteed irstial period aMo years fiom the first . 
interest date after' the dale of purchase Thereaftn mtaesi uhB continue to be 1 
payable under the lerms of the prospeausurirt the redemobon at me Bond The 
Bondvriltei'tdeeRUdaiinrOtheratitieendoMheguvaniealmrtialperBilQrcin I 
any aiferen date theteahermeiLher case upon the gwmg of s« months- naur.ebs- J 
me » eas^y The Dvetky of 5*rtags visa ivme to the BtxvJhoWei before- redemption. I 
aithetastraordedadokas tonnBondhofding,irifom*iigt>rTiolthedaieof tnc * 
ledem^ion notified by the Treasury 1 


To NSIB. Bonds and Stock office; Blackpool, FY3 9YP 

. . . . ... __ _ Initial minimum of £2.000 

pT> 'A^e accept the terms of Prospectus , 1 and multiples of £1.000 

LV and apply fa a Bond to the value ot- -FI nnn I ,^,™.fccmw, 

to a maximum of £50,000 


Address—.-- — 
[including pcstcodei 

Name of Trust 
(il appfrcabiei 

full Christian name(s) or forenamefs) 

Day Month Vbar 

Date of Birth 
(essential if under 7| 


A (4y KV1DEMT5TO BE PAID BY CSSJiT TO.- flf nctloa Nateral Savings Banter other banl. ac tour", emer 
r w name artl address to which tfwderd warrants shoJd be serei. 

Bank Sorting Code iShown vuhe Up ngh 
hand area of yotr own ch«x»eH 

[ 5 ) jigrature( 5 l 





in Soviet compromise 


on world chess re 

Workers in 
Bolivia to 
strike over 
pay freeze 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

A last minute compromise agrcemenL worked out under mounted a ^ssure 

has led to a six-month post- lhc auspices of the Soviet Chess campmgn .gamsi the FeOntary 
ponement in the return match Federation, will be submitted inmate . * ^ lh 

between Gary Kasparov, the formally to N,r . . F ! 0 ^.- n ^ l ° \\esu.-n media Associates said 
new world chess champion, and Campomanes. president ot dK es - ' (widened bv the 
Anatolv Karpov, the man he World Chess Federation (Fidel, he cmtoiacni w 

beat m imaraihcm duel which later this «ck. He «» ™ ^"‘‘fon^lrabfe popular 
coded in November. Moscow this monJ, j ved consmeraoic^ 

No new venue has been Irving lo defuse the loomm. wppon hc js , her0 . and 
decided for the re-malch. Bui crisis. r • he West 

the compromise has ensured Chess experts predicted relict • ■ jon on a re -match 

that a new battle for the world throughout the chess world at Ihc [ en gihv contest 

crown between the two top news of the compromise. Then. ■ . en ^ ma de 

Soviet players will take place had been fears of a repeal of ine ^‘Vcam^omuncs after he 

after all. despite .threats by ,975 debadc »Jjcn BcJ* J^^^ound of the 

Fischer ot the United 5iaies s ordcfcd a new ^ch 

resigned h, » of 24 eames with the proviso 

playing a move alur^ing ^ K * v wouW kccp lhc 

involved m a di.pu v event of a draw and 

regulations. The man who took Mk . in the eve ^ 

tff Su inbMO sSn ^ wiih'in six months if he lost . 

.>4 who held 11 tv r 1 J . e • ■ Kasparov was bitterly cntical 

Foreign ohsencB mu ^ die decision and has since 

"f ^PTu not vei teen done little to disguise his dislike 

— cr 2 KgSiS 

Technically. Kasparov was in have spared a damaging spin m h_ - _ p P . lch | n j 

danger of forfeiting his crown if international chess. 1 ~ , d ore f er Leningrad 10 

he refused to play. Kasparov, a mercurial player he would preferUmnEnia 

It is understood the new who is half Jewish and half London as a tnue. 

From John Enders 
La Paz 

Kasparov, at 23. the youngest 

world champion ever, to with- 

A five-hour special meeting 

of the Soviet Chess Federation 

in Moscow in Tuesday night led 
to the signing of an agreement 
between Kasparov and Karpov. 

Originaly the new world 
championship was to have 
resumed on February 1 0 in 
either Leningrad or London. 

Players’ deal threatens 

By Raymond Keene 
Chess Correspondent 

The news of the sudden 
compromise between Kasparov 
and Karpov perhaps raises 
more questions that it aimers. 

Mr Florencio Campomanes, 
the Filipino president of the 
World Chess Federation (Fide) 
will have arrived of his Lucerne 
headquarters last night 10 
receive his first advance new 
sof the compromise. For the 
past two weeks he has been on 
a tour of Africa and neither he 
nor his office had the slightest 
inkling of the measures afoot in 

Mr Campomanes had earlier 
said that he would announce 
the venues for the controversial 
re-match tomorrow, deciding 
then whether to five the whole 

match to either London _ or 
Lenigrad or whether to split it 
equallv. . . 

But faced by this Jail 
accompli from the players and 
the Soviet Chess Federation it 
might be questioned whether 
his announcement is worth 
making at all. Indeed, many 
expert observers are question- 
ing whether any serious auth- 
ority in the matter is still 
wielded by the Fide presidenL 

It is widely believed that Mr 
Campomanes contravened Fide 
rules when he slopped the first 
Kasparov- Karpov match on 
February 15 last year. It now 
appears that major players and 
federations feel free to recipro- 
cate by re-writing the rules 
without first consulting him or 
his Executive Council. If Mr 
Campomanes agrees to the 

Soviet compromise and post- 
pones the revenge match he will 
be faced with serious schedul- 
ing problems concerning the 
following world championship 

Furthermore, where does 
this leave London’s record bid 
or £600.000 in prize money Tor 
Ihe revenge match? If London 
organizers and the British 
Chess Federation wish to 
maintain their bid. it must be 
asked whether they will be 
dealing with Mr Campomanes 
and Fide, or speaking directly 
to ihe players and the Soviet 
Chess Federation. 

It is to be hoped that the 
British Chess Federation will 
be able to keep its bid alive and 
negotiate successfully for a part 
of this potentially thrilling 
match to be played in London. 

Bolivian workers declareda 
two-day general strike begin 
ning as President Victor Paz 
Estenssoro prepared to restruc- 
ture the Cabinet and pressed 
ahead with the Government’s 
economic austerity measures. 

The entire Cabinet resigned 
on Tuesday. The President said 
lhc economic plan announced 
when the Government took 
office last August would be 
continued in a effort to control 
Bolivia’s hyper-inflation, which 
totalled 8.000 percent in 1985. 

Workers in mines, factories 
and state offices were expected 
to stay home today as the 
national labour confederation. 
COB. led by Senor Juan Lechin 
Oquendo, called for the stop- 
page to protest against price 
increases and frozen wages. 

Members of the President’s 
National Revolutionay Move- 
ment have shown some reluc- 
tance to carry through the 
severe economic measures. 
Senor Estenssoro seemed ready 
to sweep his Cabinet clean of 
those who seriously questioned 
the measures and to include 
more independent or non- 
aligned faces on the economic 

Since August the Govern 
ment has frozen public sector 
wages at 30 million pesos 
(£13.50) monthly,- hllowed 
prices for all goods to rise to 
market-determined levels, 
raised the price of petrol 10 the 
equivalent of 20 pence a litre, 
laid off about 3.000 of the state- 
owned Bolivian Mining Corpor- 
ation’s 27.500 miners, allowed 
the US dollar 10 float on the 
open market, among other 

Bolivians have seen the 
purchasing power of their 
salaries drop with the steady fall 
in the value of the peso against 
ihe dollar. Only in the past few 
days has the peso gained value 
on the official Central Bank 
dollar auction and the parallel, 
or black, market. 

Briton held 
for murder 
of drug 

• j> - 



S * «p 

Rome - Mr Stephen -Glover, 
aged 27. described as a -British 
student of psychology at Rome 
University, has beat charged 
with the murder of an Arab, 
Favez Saad Suefian, - whose 
body, wrapped in plqsdc, tad 
tied with wire, waf found 
outside a bar (John Earle 
writes). ‘ V 

Mr Glover, said to ha vd been 
bom io Nigeria ofjti fcrfcsh 
father and Italian mother;, has a 

flat nearby. His Italian girl 
friend is under investigation. 
Police said the dead man was 
drug pedlar wild had been 
accused by his customers of 
selling substandard heroin. His 
body had knife and . blunl-in- 
strument wounds. ■ • ‘ 

Karate blows 


: tf . 




killed widows 

‘Hell train’ 

trial opens 

Three French Foreign 
Legion recruits went on trial 
yesterday in a case seen as 
symbolizing the growing 
problem of racism in 
France. Marc Bearri (left), 
aged 20, Elriro Vidal, aged 
28, and Xavier Blondel, 
aged 26, are accused at 
Montauban, South-west 
France, of attacking an 
Arab passenger on a train 
and throwing him out to bis 
death (AFP reports from 

They are all charged with 
murder in what has been 
dubbed the “hell train 

The accused were travel- 
ling on the Bordeanx-Mar- 
seilles night express 

Defence lawyers claim the 
accused were victims of a 
wave of racism in France, 
which they say is spear- 
headed by the extreme right 
National Front Party. 

11 bring 

ake away. 

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- I 



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Kampala troops flee 
guerrilla attacks 

From Charles Harrison, Nairobi 

Hundreds, of government 
soldiers abandoned ihcir pos- 
itions in Kampala yesterday 
and fled in panic after renewed 
attacks by guerrillas of the 
National Resistance Army 

(NRA). VTI>i 

It appeared that the NRA 
leader. Mr Yoweri Museveni, 
was increasing the pressure on 
lhc ruling Military Council 
either to overthrow it or force 
acceptance of NRA demands lo 
control unruly soldiers. 

The centre of Kampala was 
deserted yesterday after heavy 
gunfire lasting for more than 
two hours. The Nile Mansions, 
where the government leaders 
normally operate under a heavy 
military’ guard, was also de- 
serted and the wife of a soldier 
there said all the government 
leaders had fled. 

Several hundred troops 
headed east from Kampala to 
Jinja. 50 miles away, using 
stolen trucks and cars. The Jinja 
army commander stopped them 
and arrested them. 

The head of state. General 
Tinto Okello, yesterday called 
for a meeting with Mr Museve- 
ni. in an apparent move to 
restore peace after the latest 
NRA attacks. The two have not 
met since December 17. when 
they signed a peace agreement 
move to restore peace after the 
latest NRA attacks. The two 
have not met since December 
17. when they signed a peace 
agreement in Nairobi after 
negotiations lasting several 

Few of the provisions of the 
agreement have been earned 
out. It calls for a ceasefire, 
demilitarization of 
integration of the NRA ana 
government forces, and absorp- 
tion of the NRA leadership into 
the Military Council. 

The NRA has accused the 
army leaders of tailing to 
control their men. wbo have 
been -killing, robbing and 
harassing civilians in. many 
areas. Mr M'useyer.i had threat- 
ened several times that the 
NRA would act if the troops 
were not controlled. 

Late last week the NRA 
launched fierce, attacks on 
government positions at several 
places west and south-west of 
Kampala. Yesterday the attacks 
were repeated closer to Kam- 
pala itself and fleeing soldiers 
said they had been attacked 
only four miles from the city. 
Some said they had fled from 
their positions after being 
deserted by their officers, who 
left them without arms or 

There were unconfirmed 
reports that a large number of 
N RA guerrillas had been moved 
from Masaka, 80 miles south- 
west of Kampala, for the latest 

Thousands of civilians have 
taken refuge in the Anglican and 
Roman Catholic cathedrals in 
Kampala; They fled from their 
homes in Natete. six miles west 
of Kampala, and in '- nearby 
areas, after last week’-s fighting. 

Washington. Pennsylvania 
LAP) - Roland Steele, aged 39, a 
martial arts expert, was con- 
victed of having kilted -three 
elderly widows with karate 
chops' and robbery. He feces the 
electric chair. •. - 

Two of the women - all in 
their eighties - died of ruptured 
hearts and the other-cboked to 
death after her throat was 
crushed. Steele ctatracif be -was 
framed because of his . karate 

\Zr m - 


Hu to visit 
UK in June 

Peking (Reuter). - Mr Hu 
Yaobang. the Chinese Com- 
munist Parry’ leader, will visit 
Britain in June, Mr Timothy 
Rcmon. the Minister of State at 
the Foreign Office, said in 
Shanghai. . ; . 

Chinese sources give the 
dates as June 8 to 25 and say he 
will also visit West German). 
France and Italy. 



Amsterdam (AP) - Vaclav 
Havel, the Czechoslovak play- 
j wright and co-founder of the 
dissident Charter ’77 move- 
ment, has won the £26,000 1986 
Erasmus Prize awarded for 
important contributions la 
European culture. 


£4.6m drug fine 

Gerona (Reuter) - A Spanish 
court has sentenced Adriomn 
Johannes Mennema, a Dutch- 
man arrested in July. 1984. on 
1 board a Lebanese-registered 
1 cargo ship off the Costa Brave, 
to nine year’s jail and a fine of 
£4.6 million for smuggling three 
tons of hashish worth £4.2 


Zimbabwe unimpressed I Naval denial 
as Iranians fly out 

From Jan Raath, Harare 

President Khamenei of Iran have our’ women, relegated to 

and his cumberstone retinue of the back of the nail. 

more than 100 flew out of 
Harare yesterday to Tehran 
after a three-day visit, leaving 
behind a clearly unimpressed 

The highlight of the visit was 
a direct snub from the Govern- 
ment of Mr Robert Mugabe, the 
Prime Minister, who ignored 
Iranian demands to remove 
women from the high table at a 
state banquet on Monday and 
went ahead with the dinner 
without the Iranian delegation. 

At a press conference on 
Tuesday, Mr Khamenei categ- 
orically denied he had boy- 
cotted the banquet. He had not 

Peking (Reuter) - China 
denied that an encounter in the 
South China Sea between US 
and Chinese naval vescib 
returning from a goodwill tour 
to Sri Lanka, Pakistan and 
Bangladesh amounted to a joifll 
military exercise. 


However, relations between 
the two countries, at least on the | 0 __ A U 

surface, remain unimpaired. Mr J^0X SpCll OrOCr 
Khamenei was at pains at his 1 
press conference to state that 
“no minor misunderstandings’’ 
would have any effect — on 
our genuine, desire for the 
further extensions of mutual 
tics”. The Zimbabweans also 
played it calmly. 

Mwingi, Kenya (Reuter) - A 
man said to have bewitched his 
former wife, so she could noi 
make love with other men. was 
ordered by a court to undo the 
spell and told to provide a goal 
for her ritual cleansing. 

Emergency continues: Zim- 
babwe’s House of Assembly 
yesterday voted to extend the 
20-year-old state of emergency, 
probably for the last time. 
Shortly before the emergency 

gone because of “lack of debate. Bills were tabled which 

attention by the protocol chiefs 
to certain considerations for the 
participation of a religious 
dignitary and his companions,” 
he said. 

The . Zimbabweans remain 
unconvinced. Officials yester- 
day said that weeks before tite 
President’s arrival, the Iranian 
Embassy had been told of the 
arrangements for the banquet 

“It’s a question of sover- 
eignty,” said one official. “The 
food was strictly kosher, and 
they would not have been 
offered alcohol. But we will not 

Abuse of power 

Peking (Reuter) - Three 
members of China's parliament 
the National People’s Congress, 
have been dismissed after 
charges of profiteering and 
harassing women. 

Disc repair 

Cairo (AP) - Mr Aly Luth'. 
the Egyptian Prime _ Minister 
suffering a slipped disc, is to 
travel to London today lor 

will enable the Government to 
end the slate of emergency, but 
still to wield powers contained 
in emergency legislation, in- 
cluding that of detention with- 
out trial seizure of property and 
the banning of individuals and 

organizations. .1 “ .’ - «■> 

Mr Joshua Nkomo’s Zapu l<OOt Ol CVll 
Party, and Mr Ian Smith’s 1 V 

Conservative Alliance 

accounted for 19 negative votes, 
against the 57 of the ruling 
Zanu (PF) Party, two white 
independents and the sole MP 
representing the Zanu party. 

New York (AP) - Stephen 
Francis, aged 36, who won more 
than Si million in the state 
lottery four years ago, pleaded 
guilty to stealing 56.CKW from 
the supermarket hc managed. 

Blot on image of Japanese society 

High price of having a go 

When Kn nihik o Takiguchi 
spotted a burglar in a Tokyo 
supermarket he did something 
that few Japanese would - be 
willing to do - he had a go. 

Unfortunately for Mr Tald- 
guchi the burglar was carrying 
a knife and stabbed him. Then 

began a series of incidents that 
belie the image of Japanese 
society as a caring one which 
goes to great lengths to look 
after its own. After trying to get 
treatment at live hospitals he 
was taken is at the sixth, but 
too late. 

Unlike many Japanese, Mr 
Takiguchi was willing to get 
involved in something outside 
his own group and his area of 
responsibility. Unfortunately 
for him he did not find a similar 
willingness Od the part of those 
wbo could have saved his life 
one night late last year. 

His family is now claiming 
that he died because several 
hospitals refused to treat him. 
Tokyo Health Department’s 
account of the calls to six 
different hospitals appears to 

bear this out. 

Though the family have not 
said so pnUidy it appears that 
their son was the victim of both 
the Japanese group conscious- 

From David Watts* Tokyo 

ness and a rigidly hierarchical 

medical system. 

The group consciousness 
shows great loyalty and con- 
cern for the immediate family, 
company or university hnt can 
show an astonishing lack of 
concern for anyone outside one 

of those immediate classifi- 
cations - even In the Held of 

An ambulanceman was 
called for Mr Takiguchi at 131 
am on December 30. The driver 
reported ■ him in serious con- 
dition and he was quickly taken 
700 yards to the nearest 
hospital, of the medical depart- 
ment of Toho University. 
Arriving there 11 minutes later 
the hospital refused treatment, 
though It is a Government-des- 
ignated emergency hospital on 
foe ground that its three 
surgeons were busy. 

Some three minutes later the 
ambulance crew requested 
admission to the Toyko Joshi 
University’s Medical hospital 
only to be told that they had a 
patient in critical condition and 
could not accept another one. 

Three hospitals in suc- 
cession then refused admission 
saying that either their beds 

were full or they had « 
surgeon available. 'The an *®?' 
lance crew were ®ean»]u« 
giving the 20 -year-old student 
artificial respiration as he w 
rapidly bleeding to death 
want of basic medical atteutw* 1. 

Many hospitals in Japan aft- 
privately run, expensive and 
not have the same oWBU*®®* 
ot accept patients, a* ^ 
hospitals in Britain. 

Finally, 26 minutes after 1 ih« 
ambulance was snmmonen, 
hospital another fire 
away agreed to take him. « w - 
a farther 40 minutes and 1 " 
minutes late Mr Takiguciu 
was dead. 

Though the hospitals 
not commented hi case fo«e 
a subsequent legal achou, 
appears that MrTakigudnj^ 
indirectly a victim of the 

apportioning of roles in 
which does not permit 
minor surgical responsfeiliO^ 
to be taken over by nurses. 

It is hard to believe 
there was not a single nurse 
the first five - hospitals , 
could not have staunched^ 
blood pouring from the W* 
young student had foe sys 1 * 81 
permitted it. . • ■ 1 





Dutch fear Denmark’s 
‘No’ to reforms may 
spell disaster for Europe 

Mr Hans van den Brock, the 
uutch Foreign Minister and 
cprent president of the EEC 
Council of Minister s, gave a 
raping yesterday that Danish 
I T ftlsal to accept agreed revi- 
ses to the Treaty of Rome, 
wttn. the attendant danger of 
Danish withdrawal from the 
Community would spell H disas- 
for Europe” and would 
create a serious political 

He said he would uige 
European foreign ministers at 
then- meeting in Brussels next 
week to go ahead and sign the 
Luxembourg package of reforms 
next month without Denmark. 

Mr van den Broek agreed that 
this would isolate the Danes 
and impress on Danish public 
opinion the fact that 1 1 of the 
12 EEC member states sup- 
ported the compromise reform 

He hoped next month’s 
Danish referendum on the 
reform paphy would result in 
a “Yes” vote, even though the 
Danish Par liam ent this week 
rejected the reforms. 

From Richard Owen, The Hague 

It was ironic, he said, that the when Europe was entering a 
Danes apparently objected to period of national elections, 
the proposed increased powers He firmly rejected any rene- 
for the European Parliament, gotiation of the package, and 
even though, in fret, the said it could not be “clarified” 
reforms agreed at the last EEC to make it more palatable to 
summit in Luxembourg last De nmar k- a balance had 
month' left tb Council of already been struck after long 
Ministers with the last word months nf diffic ult nego tiations. 
and had been severely criticized “I would much deplore 

by the European Parliament having to go through all this 
itself as inadequate. again”, he said, signin g the 

The Luxembourg package pacing would be a signal to the 
also includes moves towards the Danes that the reforms were 
creation of a Europe without “ah absolute prerequisite” for 
frontiers and a completed progress in Europe, 
internal market by 1 992. Failure to implement the 

Mr van den Broek said he reforms could only encourage 
hoped the par k a ge could be ever present tendencies wi thin 
signed before the Danish refer- the EEC towards division and 
endum, which could come by the dangerous planing 0 f 
the end of next month, and that national preoccupation above 
the Italian Parliament, which in European integration. . 

'contrast to Copenhagen believes Mr van den Broek identified 
the reforms do not go far the priorities of the Dutch 
enough, would be able to ratify presidency over the next six 
the Luxembourg package. months as the removal of trade 

He said that to delay the barriers, pan-European cooper- 
reforms would impede econ- ation in technology, the re- 
omic development within the duction of unemployment and 
Community and create pro- the next round of GatL 
cedural dime 

iculties at a time 

Leading article, page 17 

Danes clash over polling date 

From Christopher Follett, Copenhagen 

A row has broken out venth-bour changes to the 
between Denmark’s ruling controversial Luxembourg re- 
Conservative-Liberal minority forms. 

coalition Government and the No re-opening" of talks on the 

opposition Social Democrats reforms is expected, however, 
over the date for the increas- and the Danish Parliament is 
mgly inevitable re ferendum on due next week to review the 
the EEC reform package, which situation prior to passing the 
a parliamentary majority re- necessary legislation for the 
jected on Tuesday. holdingof a referendum, which 

The Government has said it observers see as being a veiled 
wants the referendum - Den- poll on Denmark’s entire future 
mark’s first since 1978 - to be in Europe. 

held as soon as possible, at the 
end of February, but the Social 
Democrats are passing for a 
March or April ballot. 

Mr Uffe Ellemann-Jensen, 

the Danish Foreign Minister, is 
this week sounding out Den- 
mark’s EEC partners on the 
possibility of renegotiating ele- 

Tbe proposal reforms were 
rejected in a motion tabled in 
the Danish Parliament by the 
powerful Social Democrats and. 
backed by left-wing parties after 
a seven-hour debate. 

The vote, which called on the 
Government to renegotiate with 
the EEC was narrow, with 80 

MPs voting for discarding the 
psrlcag ft and 75, mainly the 
Government and its allies, 

a gain st. 

During the heated debate. Mr 
Poul Schluter, the Prune Minis- 
ter, repeatedly warned of the 
consequences of a final Danish 
blocking of the reforms. 

“The economic consequences 
of a Danish rejections of the 
reforms would be disastrous,” 
he said. 

With a wave of nationalism 
sweeping Denmark, a refer- 
endum on the EEC package 
could be something of a photo- 
finish. The latest opinion poll 
shows 48 per cent of Danes in 
favour of the reforms, 38 per 
cent against, with 14 per cent 

Ten killed 
in police 
battle with 

From MichaelHornsby 

At 1 feist : 10 . people' are 'now 
reported to have been killed in 
the violent clashes. . between 
police and .Mack mjners near 
Westonaria, some 20 miles 
south-west of here on Tuesday. 

Two white policemen. Ser- 
geant D. Pre tonus' and Con- 
stable F. Koekemoer, were 
among the dead. They are the 
first white policemen to have 
lost their lives in the unrest that 
has swept South Africa for the j 
past 17 months. 

The police reported yesterday 
that four blacks were killed in 
the incident But a spokesman 
for the Randfoatrin - Estates 
Gold Mining Company, . near 
whose Cooke No 2 hostel the! 
incident .occurred, said eight 
blacks died. 

Fifty-two blacks were ar- 
rested and 31 others taken to 
hospital, some with bullet 
wounds, according to the police. 

The police presented the 
incident as an unprovoked 
attack fry a mob of 500 miners 
armed with “sharp objects and 
knobkerries” on the two white 
policemen who had gone to 
“investigate reports of an illegal 

According to the National 
Union of .Mineworkers, how- 
ever, the men were attending a 
pearceful union meeting .on a 
patch of open ground near. the 
mine when they were ordered to 
disperse by the police.. As -they 
tried to do so, the 
attacked them, an 
spokesman said. 

• Court bearing: Mrs Winnie 
Mandela, the wife of Mr Nelson 
Mandela, the jailed leader of the 
outlawed African _ National. 
Congress appeared briefly hi the 
Krugersdorp Magistrate's -Court 
yesterday in connection with 
charges that she violated an 
order banning here from the 
Johannesburg and Roodepoort 
districts. ' 

She was not asked to plead, 
and the hearing was postponed 
until February 19. 

President Mitterrand of France with Bob Geldof, die Band Aid organizer, at a lunch in 
the Elysee Palace in Paris yesterday, at which die pop star appealed for more French aid 

for western Sudan. 

Zia under 
lire for his 
second job 

Islamabad - President Zia's 
holding of the Chief of Army 
Staff post, in addition to the 
presidency, has been challenged 
in the National Assembly by 
Haji Saifullah Khan, leader of 
an independent parliamentary 
group (Hasan Akhtar writes). 

Haji Saifullah who has been 
acting as leader of -die Oppo- 
sition- in the assembly, asked for 
the Speaker’s- piling! on the 
constitutional issue . through a 
privilege motion tabled yester- 
day. / ;• 

General Zia has been Army 
chief since March, 1976, and in 
March last -year assumed-* for 
five years the office of President 
after winning a controversial 
referendum in December, 1 984. 

Duarte prescribes 
austerity cure 

' From John Carlin, Mexico City 

President Duarte of El Salvador 
has introduced an austerity 
package to coinbat his country’s 
crippling economic crisis, a 
move expected to step up 
political pressure on his increas- 
ingly isolated Government. 

Senor Duarte announced on 
, television late on Tuesday that 
petroh and bus fares would go 
up and that wages would he 
frozen. The currency was 
devalued, a freeze put on rents, 
and a “war tax” imposed on the 
rich .coffee crop. 

He. said-the- reasons for the 
crisis were the world economic 
situation and the enormous cost 
of the war against the guerrillas 

of the Farabundo Marti! 
National liberation Front. 

The FMLN, fulfilling a 
promise to ! intensify economic 
sabotage in -1986, blacked out 
most of El Salvador - a country 
the size . of Wales - at the 
weekend, having destroyed key 
electricity towers 

The contents of the new-- 
package have been-, widely 
known for some weeks, the 
Government having discussed 
the measures with the' unions 
and the private sector. Both are 
unhappy -because the result is 
expected to be* higher unem- 
ployment - half the workforce is 
already without a job - and an 
inflation rate of more than 50 

Muslim plea 
to protect 
holy places 

Marrakesh (Reuter) - An 
appeal in the name of one 
billion Muslims was launched 
from Marrakesh yesterday seek- 
ing support against _ several 
allege Israeli disruptions ai 
Islamic shrines in occupied east 
Jerusalem. . 

King Hassan of Morocco told 
the opening session of the al- 
Quds (Jerusalem) committee set 
up by the 46-member Islamic 
Conference Organization that 
the appeal, to be signed by aU 
Islamic heads of state, would 
ring like “an alarm bell”. 

The meeting was expected to 
take practical steps to avoid 
new incidents at the gold- 
domed al-Aqsa mosque, Islam’s 
third holiest shrine: The King 
offered to send 150 Moroccan 
volunteers to help to guard the 

Two die after 
vampire bites 

Sio Paulo (AFP) - A man 
aged 65 and his 11-year-old 
grandson have died after vam- 
pire bat bites which gave them 
rabies: Brazilian health officials 
to start an anti-bat campaign. 

Bats' usually ;!attack animals, 
but attacks in Minas Gerais and 
SSo /Paulo districts one ex- 
plained by a scarcity of 
livestock due to drought. 

Antarctic blow 

wattngton . (Reuter) - The 
Greenpeace Antarctic ex- 
pedition abandoned plans to set 
up a base camp after impen- 
etrable pack icc blocked a 
landing . “Time has run out.” 
:the expedition director, Mr 
'Peter Wilkinson, said. , 

Heart girl home 

San Francisco (AFP) 
Donna Ashloclc; the 1 4-year-old 
given the transplanted heart of 
her teenage . boyfriend, who.- 
bequeathed it just-bef^re dying., 
of a haemorrhage, left hospital ’ 
wearing a T-shirt reading “I left 
my heart in San Francisco”. 




Law Report January 23 1986 

No undue influence on wife 
over high-interest loan 

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Woodstearf Finance Ltd v 
Petron and Another 
Before Sir Nicolas Browne- Wilkin- 
son, Vice-Chancellor, Lord Justice 
MustiU and Lord Justice Noursc 
[Judgment delivered January 22] 

Where the evidence was that the 
rate of interest on a loan, though 
high, was the normal rate, the terras 
could not be said to be manifestly 
disadvantageous to the borrower. 
Thus in the a b senc e of undue 
influence or breach of any fiduciary 
duty by the lender, a wife who stood 
surety for her husband’s loan was 
liable when he defaulted. 

The Court of Appeal upheld a 
derision of Mr Gerald Godfrey. QC 
sitting as a deputy High Court judge, 
on July 13, 1984, giving judgment 
for the plaintiffs, Woodstead 
Finance Ltd, in respect of a claim 
against the defendants, Andreas and 
AndrouHa Petrou. 

Mr J. S- Thrower for Mrs Petrou; 
Mr Daniel Scrota for the plaintiffs- 

said .that the plaintiffs, a finance 
company, claimed sums due under a 
legal charge dated April 14, 1981 by 
Mr Petrou with Mrs Petrou as 

The security, 59 Grenville Rood. 
Upper Holloway, London, was the 
sole and separate property of Mrs 
Petrou which had been made over 
to her by her first husband. The 
plaintiffs also claimed possession of 
that property. Mr Petrou hart 
disappeared end took no pan in the 

Mrs Petrou was a Cypriot who 
came to this country when she was 
18. At the time of the trial she lived 
in the house with the two children of 
her first marriage. 

In 1977 she married Mr Petrou 
who was a hairdresser. In order to 
finance his hairdressing business he 
obtained a loan from the Midland 
Bank pic. Thai loan was made to Mr 
and Mis Petrou jointly with the 
house as security. 

Mr Peirou was not prudent in his 
financial affairs and got into 
difficulties with the bank. As a result 
1980 the bank threatened 
proceedings for possession of the 

Mr Peirou instructed solicitors to 
act for him and bis wife. The 
solicitors arranged with the bank 

not to proceed if Mr Petrou paid 
£100 a week but he foiled to 
maintain payments. 

Mr Pctrou's accountant advised 
that his fi mm rial affairs needed to 
be rethought. The solicitors ar- 
ranged with the bank that an order 
for possession and sale of the 
property within 28 days of March 
26, 1981 be made, because it was 
expected that short-term finance 
could be arranged in the meantime. 

The plain life were suggested as a 
possible source of finance although 
interest was high and the loan was 
expensive. In April 1981 the 
plaintiffs advanced £2S,000 fi>r six 
months at a rate of interest 
equivalent to 42.5 per cent a year. 
That money was used to pay the 
bank, the Customs and Excise, 
solicitors' fees and some rents. 

Mrs Pctrou's role was to execute a 
memorandum of agreement for 
repayment, a deed of guarantee and 
a legal charge. The documents were 
sent by the solicitors to Mr Petron's 
accountants with a covering letter to 
Mrs Petrou. 

The letter stated, inter alia, that 
Mrs Petrou could lose her rights of 
occupation in the property and that 
she should consider taking separate 
advice from an independent 

■ She did not take such advice and 
executed the documents si the office 
of the accountant. The judge found 
as a fact that the accountant bad 
explained the documents fully to 

Mr Petrou dishonoured the 
agreement and Mrs Petrou was left 
with the whole debt. 

Ax the trial Mrs Pctrou's defence 
was that the terms of the loan were 
extortionate^ that the transaction 
constituted an unconscionable 
bargain, having being procured by 
undue influence because the 
accountant was Mr Pctrou's agent 
and that it was obtained by 
misrepresentation. The judge re- 
jected those defences. 

On the present appeal, undue 
influence was the main daim. It was 
submitted on behalf of Mrs Petrou 
dial the plaintiff, by reason of the 
agency of the accountant and the 
solicitors, stood in such a relation- 
ship to Mr Peirou that the 
presumption of undue influence 

In the light of the decision of the 

House of Lords in Sational 
Westminster Bank pic v Morgan 
{The Tima March 8. 1985; [1985] 
AC 686). Mrs Petrou had to 
demonstrate that the gram of the 
legal charge constituted a trans- 
action which was a manifest and 
unfair disadvantage to her. 

However, at the time both Mr 
and Mrs Petrou were indebted to 
the bank and the bank had obtained 
a possession order for the matri- 
monial home where they lived. 
There was a bankruptcy notice 
against Mr Petrou in relation to 
customs and excise matters and the 
whole of his finances had to be 
reorganized. Short-term finance had 
to be sought and in those 
circumstances the plaintiffs offered 
the necessary finance. 

The terms offered by the plaintiffs 
seemed very harsh but his Lordship 
was bound by the evidence before 
the judge that 42 per cent a year was 
the normal going rate for such loans. 
Therefore on the only evidence 
which existed the terms of the loan 
were not manifestly disadvan- 
tageous and were the normal terms. 

Mrs Petrou knew what she was 
doing and was not under the 
influence of Mr Petrou. Since there 
was an order for possession in 
existence there was no alternative 
course which Mr and Mrs Petrou 
could have pursued. There was 
nothing to show that the transaction 
was disadvantageous, given the 
perilous financial position of the 

It was claimed that the terms of 
the loan and the rate of interest were 
extortionate within the Consumer 
Credit Act 1974. But on the 
evidence actually adduced at the 
trial the rate of interest was normal 
for a short-term loan. 

Lord Justice MustiU agreed. 

agreeing, said that Mrs Petrou had 
been told she could seek indepen- 
dent advice. The transaction was 
not manifestly disadvantageous to 

Mr Pctrou's solicitors and 
accountant could not be said to 
have assumed the duty of advising 
Mrs Petrou and there was no 
confidential or fiduciary relation- 
ship between the plaintiffs and Mrs 

Solicitors; Albin Hunt & Stein; 
Salter Cartier & Co, Harrow. 

Test of disparity in sentencing 

Regina v Towle 

Regina v Wintle 

Before Lord Justice Lawton. Mr 

Justice HolUngs and Mr Justice 

Michael Davies 

{Judgment delivered January 20] 

When a court was considering an 
appeal against sentence based on 
disparity, what was relevant was 
whether right-thinking members of 
the public, knowing all the facts and 
looking at what bad happened, 
would say “Something has gone 
wrong here in the administration of 
justice which has resulted in otw or 
more convicted persons being 
treated unfairly”. The fact that 
particular convicted persons bad a 
sense of grievance was neither here 
nor there. 

The Court of Appeal so stated 
when dismissing the appeals or 
David Paul Towle and Kenneth 
George Wintle against the sentence 
of 12 months' imprisonment 
imposed on each of them on 
September 12, 1985 at Walsall 
Crown Court {Judge Malcolm 
Ward) after pleas of guilty to 
attempted burglary. The appeal was 
based on a co-accused's six -month 


Mr Mi chad Stokes, assigned by 
ibe Registrar of Criminal Appeals, 
for the appellants. 

lord justice Lawton said 
that the appellants' co-accused, who 
had pleaded not guilty and had been 
remanded fin' trial, subsequently 
before a different judge changed his 

plea to guilty and was sentenced to 
such term of imprisonment as 
would allow his immediate release 
(which was almost exactly equiva- 
lent to six months’ imprisonment). 

The judge when sentencing him 
said “I try, wherever I can. not to 
send a man back to prison for a very 
long time after he commits an 
offence very soon after "being 
released from a very long sentence 
of imprisonment . . 

If that judge followed that as a 

sentencing principle he ought not to 
do so. The fact that a man had just 
come out of prison was not a reason 
that he should be shown exceptional 

Members of the public, knowing 
all the facts of this case, would sav 
(and would be entitled to say) thai 
the judge sentencing the co-accuscd 
had behaved in an almost unbeliev- 
able way. They would not say that 
the appellants had been treated 

Giving blood specimen 

Srvyer y Parker 

The provision of a specimen of 
blood, given pursuant to the 
exercise of a defendant's claim 
under section 8(6) of the Road 
Traffic An 1972, as substituted by 
section 25(3) of and Schedule 8 to 
the Transport Act 1981, was not to 
be taken as the provision of a 
specimen given as a result of a 
“requirement" under section 8(1). 

The Queen's Bench Divisional 
Court (Lord Justice Lloyd and Mr 
Justice Skinner) ^o held on January- 
14 when dismissing the defendant’s 
appeal against the decision of (be 
Bexhffl-on-Sca Justices on March 
15, 1985, when they found the 
defendant guilty of driving with 
excess alcohol contrary to section 
6CD (a) and fined him £50, with a 
12-month ban. 


that the defendant had contended 
ihat the specimen of blood should 
be taken at a hospital since none of 
the circumstances under section 
8(3) were applicable to the present 
case, and that “required” : - 
subsecuon (6) had 



: . uic 

meaning as m subsection (lx 

ri 8 ht lo «jcct 
jf* blood s P«imen had 
not been given as a result of any 
requirement under subsection (!) 
but as a result of the exercise of t he 
option under subsection C6>- and 
roh « 1M <«> referred back » ^e 
.provtaonof a specimen of blood 
under subsection (4). 

in fr the procedures 

w&sections (4) to f6) wax different 
from that under subsections (1) to 

V— J- 


, 3 

- -pcCl"" 


Tlie Confederation of British Industry (CBI) is looking for 
twenty-one 21 year-olds with a strong point of view on how to 
put the UK back on track to the top. 

As part of Industry Year and to mark its own 21st anniver- 
sary in 1986; the CBI is running a conipetition with prizes 
totalling more than £15,000. . 

In its first 21 years, the CBI has been dedicated to creating 
a climate of opinion in which companies can operate efficiently 
and profitably for the benefit of all. 

Industry Year is also aimed at encouraging a better under- 
standing of industry’s role in providing the goods and services 
people need and want; and creating the wealth on which all 
else — health, education, pensions and social care for example 
— depends. 

But words are not enough. That’s why the Government, the 
TUC, the CBI and many other bodies are joining forces for the Yeas 
which will be successful only if it produces actions and deeds. 

And much needs to be done. 

The UK is an industrial country with an anti-industrial 
culture. Too many people regard trade as a dirty word. For the 
first time since the Industrial Revolution we have ceased to be a 
net exporter of manufactured goods and have become a net 
importer We lead the world in many new areas of research. 
But we’re not so hot at making or marketing our ideas. 

Yet we have not lost our powers of invention. Just one 
college in Cambridge has produced more Nobel prize winners 
in science than die entire nation of Japan. But we do not always 
follow through effectively Moreover, the symptoms of class 
warfare, snobbery in education, even fear of risk, conspire to 
undermine this natural inventiveness. 

Attitudes ARE changing at places like universities but are 

they changing fast enough? Our best companies ARE the best in 
die world — it is our average performance we need to improve. 

So, there's the problem. How would you solve it? If you will 
be 21 during 1986, start by telling British industry where to go 
in not more than 1,000 words. 

A panel of judges, all distinguished CBI members, will be 
looking for viable, well-rounded aiguments, but remember, it 
is a plan of action not a thesis diat is needed. 

The entries will be judged initially on a regional basis widi 
21 prizes of £500 to be won. The 21 finalists will then spend 
time widi one of die major companies — all members of the 
CBI — sponsoring this initiative. After this, they will prepare a 
more detailed paper developing their ideas which could receive 
national publication. 

The overall winner will receive a prize of £5,000 which 
could be used to get experience abroad or help develop his or 
her own business. 

A detailed leaflet/entry form — "Tell British Industry Where 
To Go” — is available over the counter at branches of Lloyds 
Bank and TSB Scotland, from any CBI regional office or by 
writing to die CBI at die address below; enclosing an S AE. 

British Industry is determined that the next generation of 
management and skills should see the UK creating a better quality 
of life for alL To do that, it needs a fairer share of the nation’s 
talent — people who will be leading die UK in die 21st century 

If you’re 21 during Industry Year, entering diis competition 
will help in diis aim. More importantly, you will be taking a hand 
in your own future. 

Whether you want to grow r up in a vibrant, expanding 
country or be a curator in die w orld's largest industrial museum 
is very largely up to pu. 




YEAR 1986 






French ship rescues 
as Red Cross team 
attempts to reach Aden 

rlnthfts on our backs 

A further 51 expatriates were 
rescued from the fighting in 
South' Yemen yesierda> by a 
French cargo vessel and are 
being brought to Djibouti. 

There arc two Britons among 
the esacuees. believed to be 
mostly men. from' an Elf 
Aquitaine oil exploration plant. 
The rest arc French. Canadian. 
Indians and Pakistanis and they 
were picked up by the French 
vessel vine de Strasbourg an 
transferred to the Nomiandta. 

Meanwhile, a Red Cross 
team \%as yesterday preparing to 
reach Aden by boat, and a 
spokesman said here that they 
were expecting to have to deal 

with very heavy casualties. 

The eight-strong team had a 

mobile emergency hospital in 
their ton of medical equipment, 
but by lunchtime yesterday they 
were still unable to gain 
clearance from Aden. 

There are about Tour hospi- 
tals in Aden, but a Red Cross 
official said there had been 
reports that fighting had taken 
place in at least one of them. He 
did not know whether any of 
them were functioning. 

The Red Cross is hoping to 
reach Aden by sea escorted by 
one of the three navies - Soviet. 
French or British - which have 
warships standing by off Aden 
outside the f 2-mile coastal 

The people holding Aden 
port have refused to allow any 

From Richard Bowden* Djibouti 

ships other than Russian cargo 
vessels into ihejx»n to collect 
refugees. The airport is closed, 
and two RaF Hercules aircraft 
sent to Djibouti last weekend 
with medical equipment have 
been sent back to Britain, as 
there is no prospect of flying to 
South Yemen in the near future. 

Latest reports from Aden 
suggest that Government troops 
hold Aden port as far as the 
airport, but that Little Aden, to 
Lite west, and much of the 
mainland arc in rebel hands. 

Rad fan. where a rebellion in 
1963 marked the beginning of 
the revolt against British rule, 
and Lahaj. are both backing the 
rebels and the Mayor ol 
Makulla has also given them his 

Until now. the rebellion has 
been seen as a reaction by hard- 
line Marxists against the libera- 
lizing tendencies of President 
Aii "Nasser Muhammad, but 


J&V N -"l / SOUTH 
^fvaiENj/ YEMEN 

uA San'a 1 

^AdemGULF OF- 


QoV 100 miles 

there is speculation now that 
the original rebellion has been 
overtaken by tribal rivalries aiid 
that the fighting has taken on a 
momentum if its own with 
several factions involved. 

About 230 expatriates are 
crammed into the Soviet com- 

Even if the Royal Yacht 
Britannia or other civilian 
vessels were now allowed near 
the shore to send small boats to 
collect refugees from the beach, 
the sea has turned rough, and 
may make it impossible to take 
people on board. 

The Russians are still being 
allowed to leave on large vessels 
and more than 5.000 have 
passed through Djibouti so far. 
Despite the much vaunted co- 
operation between Britain. 
France and the Soviet Union, 
only one Briton is known so far 
to "have been evacuated by a 
Russian ship, and no Russians 
have yet enjoyed the comforts 
of Britannia. 

The extent of the co-oper- 
ation seems to be the radio 
contact between Britannia and 
the Soviet Embassy which in 
turn, is in contact with both 
sides in Aden. 

There are thought to be 
between 25 and 40 Britons left 
in South Yemen, and it was 
reliably reported yesterday that 
two unnamed Britons based in 
Shihr had walked 80 miles to 

■ By Trndi McIntosh 

As the British -Consul in 
Aden, . Mr. Simon Scad dan, 
spent his birthday yesterday on 
the Royal Yacht Britannia 
helpings to evacuate ■ more 
refugees from South Yemen, 

' his wife and two children flew 
home with 14 other Britons- . 

VWe have arrived with just 
the clothes on our backs. 
Apparently the residence . in 
Aden was directly hit .and. 
everything is gone, including 
my wedding ’ 11118 ," “■ Mrs 
Frances Scaddan said, as she 
hugged her' children, Amy, 
aged 12, and Magnus, aged 14. 

“We'd like to be celebrating 
Simon's birthday, hut the 
rescue operation- most continue 
and it is his job to be there," 
she added. 

The Scad dans were among 
the second group of evacuees to 
arrive in London after being 
rescued by the Britannia on 
Monday night' from a beach 
some 15 miles west of Aden. 

Mrs Scaddan, dressed in a 
cotton sundress and sandals, 
praised her children for their 
bravery and calm attitude 
during their wetk-rlong ordeal 
which began on January 13 
when the family left Aden to 
look at a water project 30 miles 
away. ■ 

“We never realized we would 
become stranded outside Aden. 
There were no signs of heavy 
eonfire br trouble then," she 

Bnt. the Scaddans were 
turned away from a checkpoint 
outside the city and forced to 
-find refuge at a construction 
camp. Mrs Scaddan described 
how her husband and construc- 
tion workers set up an evacu- 
ation control centre at the camp 
and scoured nearby villages for 

Magnus (left), and Amy. arriving -at Heathrow 
airport Loudon, yesterday. (Photograph: Chris Harm). 

stranded Britons and other . 
refugees. •' 

“By Friday we had gathered 
more than 200 -people and 
organized a convoy of 14 
trucks. Range Rovers and 
saloon cars. The construction 
workers were fantastic, every- 
body helped." she said. 

They had radio contact with 

' the British Embassy in Aden 
daring the first few days. Last 
Monday' morning the convoy 
left AheJ camp in a slow 
procession . with white flags 
flying from the tracks and cars. 

In a village. Zingubar, on the 
way to the A by Ian 'beach, they 
discovered 44 other nationals 
who wanted to join the convoy. 

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“We just kept finding, people 
along the route,"' Mrs Scadden 
said. • ' 

Then, they found a suitable 
beach site to await 'the 
- Britannia. Four hours later the 
Royal Yacht appeared, a 
“marvellous glow of fairy 
lights" and boats were sent 
ashore. Many of the refugees 

could not swim, So; (he strongest 
swimmers had to cany them to 
the boats. . 

A spokesman forthe Foreign 

Office said yesterday there 
were at least 30 Britons left m 
the far eastern region of Sbmij 
Yemen. Three others har c 
decided to stay behind, includ- 
ing two construction . workers 
who will look after refugees at 
the John Taylor construction 
camp. near. Aden. 

“We faavjf a floatingmnbassy 
aboard the Britannia, -apfl Mr 
Scaddan and other -Embassy 
officiafecare playing a. vital role 
in' picking np the. remaining 
refugees," the spokesman said. 

Mr RayraondReid ant iiis 
wife Rhynath, from WfdtoiHiit. 
Thames. Surrey, said they had 
had a week of sleepless nights 
until they heard Aefr-son.'Njx 
.Man Reid, aged 38,- a foreman 
carpenter for ' a- construction 
company, had been res cncd. 

Yesterday Mr Aten Reid 
recounted how Tie.-- and wor- 
kmates, Mr .Malcolm Da«so 0 
and Mr Peter Selves shivered 
waist-deep in- water for four 
hoars helping a. human chain of 
refugees into. Britannia's barg- 

Mr Garth Wood;- a chief 
clerk of works ata construction 
site near Adem- said Air 
Scaddan 's con ray was a well- 
run operation. “We all didbor 
bit. 1 spent a lot of the time on 
the camp roof sighting 'militia 
and working out the range of 
gunfire. Fortunately there was 
no heavy’ fighting 

“Later we drank' wine and 
gin and tonics on the' beach 
waiting for the Britannia", he 

In 1967 Mr Wood was in 
Aden as a staff sergeant with 
the British Army. 

Accord signals end of 
Lesotho blockade 

From.Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 
A compromise-agreement has. 

, been reached between Lesotho 
rand South Africa /which will 
enable the border restrictions 
imposed by Pretoria to be lifted 
by the beginning of mutt-week, 
according to diplomatic sources 
in Maseru, Lesotho’s capital. . 

Heads of foreign missions in 
Lesotho were given details of 
I the agreement in a briefing 
yesterday by the Permanent 
Secretary at the Foreign Minis- 
try. They said they were not at 
liberty to disclose details; 

a Lesotho delegation- had 
talks with the South African 
Foreign Minister, Mr R. F. (Pik) 

Botha, in Cape Town on 
Tuesday, a day after the 
, Government of Chief Leabua 
Jonathan was replaced in a 
m ilitary cciup which : ■ South 
‘ African., pressure helped bring 

Pretoria • imposed -stringent 
security checks on all traffic 

entering Lesotho, which is 
surrounded by South Africa, on 
New Year’s Day, because of 
Chief Jonathan’s refusal to hand 
over members of the under- 
ground African National Con- 
gress (ANC) 

Meanwhile, the new military 
rulers in Lesotho have issued 
their first decree, vesting execu- 
tive and legislative authority in 
King Moshoeshoe II. 

The decree also establishes a 
Council of Ministers “which 
shalt consist of such persons as 
may be appointed from time io 
time by the King”, and which 
will “assist the King in the 
general administration of Leso- 

Tn its preamble, the decree 
states .that these arrangements 
; will ■•continue' 1 "until such time 
as' a. new' .‘constitution* &eUc 
suited to the needs of'fe 
■ Basuto Nation, shall have: been 
agreed”. ; * 

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Aids test 
clinic forced 
to close 

From Ivor Davies 
Los Angeles 
A lawyer for the firsi private 
clinic in the United States to 
offer identification cards for 
patients who pay $ 1.000 (£69) 
for tests that prove they are free 
of Aids, has vowed to reopen 
within the next few weeks. 

The clinic, which opened on 
Monday, was ordered to close 
by Los Angeles city officials, for 
violating zoning rules. 

The National Association for 
Aids Awareness clinic was the 
subject of bitter criticism by the 
Los Angeles City Council when 
it was disclosed that the private 
profit-making company 

planned to sell Aids tests and 
issued cards to patients who 
tested negative. 

A .few hours after opening, 
the clinic began cancelling 
appointments because its West 
Los Angeles office was bom- 
barded by the media which 
meant patients could not be 
assured or privacy. Then the 
council ordered the clinic to 
close because it had not 
provided adequate parking. 

The Los Angeles council last 
week passed an emergency 
measure calling for an ivestiga- 
tion of -the company, which 
plans to charge $ 1 00 for an Aids 
test and a three-month card, 
plus 545 (£31) for each renewal, 
and hopes to open clinics Ul. 
other US cities. 

Councillor Joel Wachs, an 
active suporter of homosexual 
causes descibed as, “the grossest 
kind of attempt to try and make 
a buck off another persons 

‘Time’ will 
to Sharon 

From Ian Murray 

Jerusalem — Ariel Sharon, 
the Israeli Defence Minister at 
the time of the Lebanon war, 
has ended his legal battle with 
Time magazine (Ian Moral 
writes). In return for a public 
apology and a reported 'sub- 
stantial contribution towards 
his legal costs, he has: with- 
drawn his chum . for liW 
damages before the Israeli 

Mr Sharon, now Trade and 
Industry Minister, :sued the 
magazin e for $50 million (£34.7 

million) in New York over an 
article about the Sabra und 
Chatila Palestinian refugee 
camp massacres. The United 
States jury found . that the 
magazine had been wrong In 
reporting -that Mr /Shara* 
pro mis ed there would ■■- be 

revenge for the assassinations 
Mr • Bashir Geinayek 
Lebanese President. >. -. - • ., 
The jury also found tW* 
allegation was da m a g i ng hut n 
did not find tfcerehad been auy 
malice in die report. The court 
condemned the magaz i n e _ I« 
making the error, . but W 
damages were awarded Be- 
cause, under US law, these. art 
not imposed in cases where bo 
malice is intended. : ■" J" • 

Mr Sharon then 
case before Israeli _ courts, 
where the malice provision does 
not exist. After extensive ng" 
of-court negotiations, srttw- 
meat was announced yesterday, 

with the magazine agreeing ® 

pay part of Mr Sharon’s frgjd 
fees, which are understood. ^ 

be high. The apology said *r 

magazine regretted the mis- 

Politician’s arrest sends 
share prices tumbling 

From M. G. G. Pillai, Koala Lumpur 

Lumpur - The arrest coming year ofthe Tiger does EC 

ol Mr Tan Koon Swan, a appear to herald good times ^ 
prorrunieru Malaysian-Chinese stock-prices, already drafts® 
businessman and politician, in edge further downwards. . • 
Singapore on Tuesday caused The Hong Kong: market 

anxiety in stock markets in stunned by the revelation earu 

btnpporc, Hong-Kong and this month that MrTan is 
Malaysia as nervous investors the larger creditors of tnej J 
unloaded shares. wa h Bank, which is not 

bankers, brokers and bust- rescued, after running : 10 , 

nessmen 'in- all three countries' trouble. . 

were' shocked at Mr.. Tan's . Mr Tan, aged 
arrest, for al-.-ged insider trading ' interrogation by.. Sin gP^“ 
and forward purchasing, * and Criminal Investigation 
sources did nbt rule the mem over his myolven^^ 
possibil ity of further arrests. - alleged insider trading as»_: 

Traditionally, the stock mar- massive forward purchases;*® 
kets rally about two to three number of companies.; 
weeks before the Chinese New ing Pan Electric. The 
Yme. which this year fails on authorities must charge, hup; 
February 9 and 10. But the court today or release-hiin. . 


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to the threatening thuds of drums 

Ulster goes to the polls today in 15;by-electjons. 

Bel Mooney went out on to the streets and 
round a mood of Loyalist defianceand bitterness 
and a sense of bewildered betrayal over the 
Anglo-Irish agreement at Hillsborough 

In the I9ih ceniury Orangemen 
wan led to kick Queen Victorias 
crown into ihe Boyne. Now it is Mrs 
Thatcher they want to kick: a 
reaction which says little about the 
Artelo-lrish agreement but much 
about the nature of Ulster Loyalistn. 
More grass roots and populist than 
"loyal" and more pro-Union than 
pro-British Government, it has 
aluyys bitterly resented those who 
try to save it from its own excesses. 
Posters on walls, lamp-posts and 
windows announce: "Ulster says 
No". The same intransigent message 
is blazoned across Belfast City Hail 
and many toun halls in tile six 
counties and it is on countless lapels. 

thinking of the present and the 
future? “No. the future depends on 
the past, so how can we look to a 
future of co-operation with Dublin 
when the Republicans staged their 
Easter Rising there whilst Ulstermen 
were dying?" 

The sense of bewildered betrayal 
by Westminster is very deep. Jim 
Dillon, chairman of the local OUP . 
shakes his head. “It isn’t easy for me 
to attack Margaret Thatcher. I’ve 
always been a true blue - but to think 
that this Prime Minister, always the 
most unionist, should turn her back 
on us . . . I never thought the day 
would come." 


OUP Roy Sofiff* 

DUP Rav Ian Paisley 
OUP Clifford FW«yth» 






DUP Peter RoUnaon 
OUP Cedi Waflcer 
OUP Rev Martin Smyth 
PSF Gerard Adams’ 

& Armagh 
North Down 
South Down 

Ulster Mid 

OUP James Nichobon 

Upper Bann 

UPUP James KRfedder 
OUP Enoch Powen 
OUP John Taylor 
DUP Rev Robert 

OUP Herald McCusker 

Fermanagh & 
South Tyrone 

Lagan Valley 

These MPs have not resigned: no vote 
in these constituencies 

OUP Ken Maginnle 
SDLP John Hume* 

OUP James Molyneeux 

OUP William Ron 

DUP Democratic Unionist Party 
PSF Provisional Sinn Fein 
SDLP Social Democratic Labour Party 
UPUP Ulster Popular Unionist Party 
OUP Official Unionist Party 

The mood, as polling day dawns 
this morning, is unmistakable. This 
campaign goes beyond the re-elec- 
tion to Westminster of 15 Unionist 
MPs who resigned their seats over 
the Hillsborough agreement. It is a 
restatement of history' - and history 
in this province is an unhealed 
«ound upon which reason and 
common sense lie like a poorly- 
applied dressing, inadequate to 
s launch the flow. 

Moiyncau.Vs speech seems to 
mend for drama on dark hints 

It takes fixe minutes chat in Lhe 
Orange hall at Moira Lagan Valley 
to make this clear. Jvra Molyneaux. 
'■'ho leads the Olfictal Unionist 
Party < uncomfortably united for this 
campaign with lan Paisley’s Demo- 
cratic Unionist Party 1 ), is addressing 
his constituents. In the audience of 

6 They left us with 
six little 
counties - now 
they’re giving 
us away . . . 9 

depend for drama on dark hints 
about Westland helicopters. .Ameri- 
can promises, and a general 
conspiracy theory. “Two members 
of the Cabinet told me they did not 
think an agreement would be 
possible because the Republic 
maintained its territorial rights”, he 
says. • “They did not know that 
Reagan’s copy of the agreement was 
already on its way to him ... it all 
points to defective decision-making 
in the Thatcher govern menL” 

He makes much of the “marriage" 
between the OLJP and DUP. to the 
approval of an audience formed 
from both: “When Ian Paisley and I 
form a coalition we’li see if we can 
find Mrs Thatcher a job as Minister 
of Pensiohs.” Laughter. A West 
German television camera pans over 
the faces, resting on the serious 
expression worn by the local rector, 
the Reverend Rudd, who has 
arrived late but in time to say a 
closing prayer: “Lord make us 
worthy of this, our high and noble 

"V i ■ y 2k •*2# 

7, a 

• U - • - 

6 Remember the 
men and women 
who have fallen 
defending our 
freedom . . . 
We will not be 
ruled by Dublin 9 

The Rev Ian Paisley 

V > , - 

convenient for others that the 
Anglo-Irish agreement can draw the 

Of course there are the traditional 
scapegoats, too: In a sweet shop on 

politeness but barely concealed 
impatience, waiting for their leader 
He does not disappoint them. 

the estate. I ask a group of women 
exactly what they are afraid of. and 
at last it is said: “The Pope. We'll be 
swallowed up by Catholic Ireland.” 

Sign of resistance: heated feelings under the cold night sky at a Democratic Unionist Party rally this week 

Ulster widow 

nearly 100 people, packing the small 
bare room with iis pale blue walls, is 
Ethel Tolley, a widow who was bom 
in Ulster but lived for many years in 
Staffordshire with her English 
husband. \ mild woman, with 
strong emotional tics in England, 
she launches into a refrain I was to 
hear 3gain and again. 

"We feel bitter. We know they’re 
trying to force us into a united 
Ireland”, she says. “Listen - in 1916 
a whole battalion of Ulstermen 
volunteers was wiped out on the 
Somme. Somebody in every house- 
hold remembers xh3t. I know it from 
my parents handing it down to me. 
because when I was bom in 1926 it still vivid. You were told of the 
great sacrifices Ulstermen had made 
ler Britain and there was great pride 
in the telling.’’ She gently put a hand 
on my arm: “They left us with six 
little counties; now they’re giving us 
away without consulting us.” 

A young man in the seal in from 
of her turns round. He cannot have 
been bom before the Second World 
War ended, yet he too invokes the 
past as a justification for present 
hurt, adding that the English will 
never understand Ulster "unless 
they know the historical back- 
ground’’. Bui shouldn’t we be 

In a small back room, after the 
main meeting, about 12 local people 
- the committee of the Moira Ulster 
Club - have no doubt as to their 
calling. Since Hillsborough, about 
10.000 people are said to have 
joined the Ulster clubs to plan active 
resistance if Mrs Thatcher docs not 
heed the “no” vote. Organizer Jim 
Wells, a young DUP assembly 
member, repeats what two men have 
already told me: “If we are ignored 
by every democratic process, we are 
quite happy to revert to unconsti- 
tutional means. We have to do what 
we did in 1912 - thousands of men 
on lhe streets armed to oppose the 
Home Rule Bill. J just hope and 
pray we aren’t needed.” 

Listening to this conversation was 
the young OUP fanner I spoke to at 
the beginning. As I left, he 
whispered nervously: “You realize 
that most of the Ulster Club people 
are DUP? You won't get us mixed 
up. wilt you?” So much for the 

groups of approving women greet 
him with a strange ululating sound 
which he returns without embarrass- 
ment. Others keep their eyes down 
at their machines. The groups are 

This is the only marginal seat of 
the 15, so Mr Powell works hard 
improvising his patten “Don't you 
believe the lady is not for turning. 
She twists and she turns.” From 
estate to estate, his wife driving, be_ 
keeps up a non-stop stream of- 
sloganizing, even in deserted streets 
where the only sign of support is a 

it lying down, she’ll have to listen.” 
Some of them talk of a strike - this 
in a province with 21 per cent 

The fed is that the old-style 
Official Unionists have no strategy 
and are clearly embarrassed by the 
rhetoric of the DUP die-hards. The 
new breed of Loyalist is personified 
by Peter Robinson, the 34-year-old 
member for East Belfast and Ian 
Paisley's right-hand man. He is a 
“Yuppie”, soft of an army chef and a 
sanorial equivalent to Derek Hatton 
with a similar line in macho 

6 It will be more 
than an insult, it 
will be a 
provocation to 
violence ... I’ll 
be out to 
defend myself 9 

Peter Robinson 

Next morning 16 miles out of 
Belfast and close by Hillsborough 
Castle itself, OUP MP Enoch Powell 
is canvassing in his little constitu- 
ency town of Dromore. Rushing into 
the Warners lingerie factory, he is 
told tactfully by the manager “Just 
keep it low key. We’re mixed, you 
see.” Another clothing factory, 
visited first, had been solidly 
Unionist: all the women greeted him 
with applause, ail with Union Jacks 
on their bobbins and watched over 
by pictures of the Royal Family. At 
Warners there is none of that; 

singte-piece-of “No Popes” graffiti. 
He' says with grim satisfaction: ‘Tve 
never’ in my life known an election 
like this one. Never known . the 
support and the quiet determin- 

Just as there is no one variety of 
Protestant the Unionists are differ- 
ent and divided, despite the current 
“unity”. It perhaps explains why no 
one is able to say what will happen 
when the Government does ignore 
their self-styled referendum. Ask 
people what they will do and they 
mumble things like: “We won’t take 

extremism. Sitting at his big desk in 
Stormont, he threatens to turn his 
back on Parliament if Mrs Thatcher 
ignores this ballot. “It will be more 
than an insult, it will be a 
provocation to violence.” 

But what does this mean ? “If it 
comes to confrontation I'll be out to 
defend myself”, he says. I ask if this 
means getting the gun out of the 
wardrobe. He replies: “Mine might 
hot be in the wardrobe in the first 
place, m be in a better position than 
some people in that respecL” 

When he says he learnt ’ his 

Unionism at his daddy’s knee, then 
describes with some pride how his 
own three children have grown up 
knowing only armed guards and 
bullet-proof glass, one gains an 
uncomfortable insight into the 
glamour of it all - wondering what 
void there would be with no 
passionate hatred to pass on to the 

As Peter Robinson speeds off in 
his VIP car (to extract money from 
businessmen over lunch) one of the 
longest serving Official Unionists. 
John Taylor, prepares to start 
canvassing on the huge Braniel 
Estate on the outskirts of BelfasL A 
25-strong contingent of the Feder- 
ation of Conservative Students has 
arrived from England to help, and 
the enthusiastic mini-army descends 
on streets that are 100 per cent 
Unionist and once a heartland of the 
UDA. There is- nothing to do but 
brave gusts of cold rain and haul 
Taylor off to speak to the odd 

“Don’t start my mother on about 
Mrs Thatcher - you’ll be here all 
day”, says a middle-aged woman, 
introducing me to her half-blind 
parent. In one breath the old lady 
says: “The English have let us 
down", and in the next she invites 
me to inspect her tiny council 
bungalow: “Isn’t it disgusting?” 
Elsewhere on the estate the theme is 
the same: the no-vote one minute 
followed by an urgent request for 
their MP to do something about the 
beating, the damp or whatever. “I 
want to talk to you about my 
condition”, said a young mother in 
the street”. Mr Robinson breezes her 
aside: “You’ll be voting for me on 
Thursday?” She nods somewhat 
helplessly, pushing her little pram on 
along the windy street. 

There is much to be angry about 
in Ulster, sad for some and 

No wise person dismissed such 
fear out of hand. It is as real as the 
names of gravestones - the name of 
those who have died in the troubles, 
and whom Ian Paisley invokes at the 
be ginni ng of his rally up in Antrim, 
in the town of Ballymoney. 

In the afternoon I had spoken to 
the Methodist minster, Harold 
Good, who is one of the 400 
moderates in the Northern concen- 
sus group who signed the “open 
letter” in that morning's newspapers 
counselling careful consideration of 
the Anglo-Irish agreement. He 
personifies moderate Protestantism 
- careful, anxious, understanding 
the feelings of those who. do not 
want to join a “theocratic state”, yet 
aware of some new thinking among 
Unionists who deplore the negative 
ranting of the Paisleyites. 

The voice drops to remember 
“the men and women of Ulster who * 
have fallen defending our freedom”, 
chuckles confidentially as he swipe* 
at Tom King and Margaret 
Thatcher, and rises to familiar 
power to whip the crowd to fervid 
enthusiasm; “Wc arc saying one 
thing - we will not be ruled b> 
Dublin. We will not be ruled by 
Dublin. Now say it with me!” They 
speak with one voice: “We will not 
be ruled by Dublin”. 

They cheer and wave fists as the 
amplified voice wraps then in the 
security of the familiar. “I was born 
under the Union Jack, into the 
Ulster of Lord Carson and Lord 
Craigavon . . . and I will die under 
the Union Jack!” Mighty roars. « 

“Many of my parishioners, 
brought up in strong Unionist 
households, says we .can't go back to 
the old ways”, he says. “Wc want the 
union, but what kind' of union? 
What quality do -.we want for 
ourselves and our children? Those 
are the questions some of us are 
asking.” .. . , . 

But the Rev Good admits that his 
parish is middle class and that the 
still small voice of moderation is 
drowned by the howls of hopeless- 
ness in other areas. 

The Rev Paisley knows how to 
conduct such howls. No questions 
here. As the pavements of Ballymo- 
ney freeze under the cold night sky, 
he leads a large march around the 
town, and those following him are 
solidly working class. 

There are Orange Lodge collars 
and six bands; men, women and 
small children striding to the dull 
and threatening thuds of drums; 
hard-looking young men in army- 
surplus flak jackets watching on the 

Hundreds gather in the open to 
hear die Rev Paisley speak, listening 
to Jim Molyneaux’s effort with . 

Ah, Lord Carson. It was he (newly 
elected as leader of the Unionists) 
who in 1911 also told a crowd what 
it wanted to hear “We will yet 
defeat the most nefarious conspiracy 
that has ever been hatched against a 
free people”. So, the language 
remains the same, and so does the 
fear of change which 1 met 

Beneath the vaunted confidence 
and defiance of the Unionists, you 
also sense desperation. The Loyalists 
have their backs to the wall.- and 
when people are in a cul-dc-sac they 
can become dangerous - a truth 
which makes Harold Good's quiet 
faith, that “Christ takes the inevita- 
bility out of history”, seem fragile 

In the crowd at Ballymoney the 
woman next to me had her eight- 
year-old son with her. I asked him if 
he knew why we were all in the 
streeL In that almost-Scottish accent 
of North Antrim, the child replied - 
“Because Maggie Thatcher has sold 
us down the river”. His mother 
nudged her friend with giggling 
pride. None of them had read the 
Anglo-Irish agreement. 

What the boy bad learnt at his 
mother's knee is what she and Peter 
Robinson had heard at their fathers' 
knees and what Ethel Tolley and all 
of them had passed on to them as 
well. -It is hurt and angry and shouts 
as it always did: “No surrender”. 

Cfn«s N wra p n en LaUltd. t9M 


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Q uite an act of faith is 
needed to invest at least 
£2,500 in a new instru- 
ment if that instrument enables 
you to play only a couple of 
works in the repertoire. But 
this could become common 
among leading clarinettists. 

Two of the finest works for 
the instrument - the Clarinet 
Concerto and the Clarinet 
Quintet by Mozart - were not 
written originally for the stan- 
dard clarinet, but were inspired 
by a custom-built affair called a 
basset clarinet. It was super- 
charged by the addition of four 
bass notes, taking the instru- 
ment down to bottom C. 

Regrettably, neither the in- 
strument designed by Anton 
Stadler, Mozart's favourite 
player, nor Mozart's original 
music for it, has survived - for 
the past 200 years, the concerto 
and the quintet have existed 
only in a mangled arrangement 
for the conventional clarinet 
But clarinettists, instrument 
makers and musicologists have 
been inspired to bring the basset 
clarinet -back to life. 

Over . a decade ago, the 
enterprising English clarinettist 
Alan Hacker commissioned 
playable modem versions of 
basset clarinets and produced 
his own version of Mozart’s 
Clarinet Concerto. Few fellow 
musicians regarded his work as 
of more than curiosity value. 
But now two major clarinet 
companies, Selmer and Le- 
blanc, produce modem basset 
clarinets commercially, while 
others make replicas of the 
boxwood instruments. 

Over the next two weeks, two 
basset clarinet recordings of the 
concerto featuring leading Eng- 
lish players Antony Fay and 
Thea King are to be released. 
And on.Sunday Miss King can 
J». heard- playing Mozart's! 
Clarinet Quintet in the Qiieeo J 
.Elizabeth ' Hall on her Selmer 1 
basset clarinet; .. while ’n£xt ; 
month Mr -Pay' -uses " his. 
pHvatel^tnade boxwood basset , 
clarinet for seven performances 

Some of Mozarfs finest 
music is at last being 
played as it was written, 
thanks to four low notes 

of the Clarinet Concerto on a 
tour of the United States. 

Thea King, principal clarinet- 
tist of the English Chamber 
Orchestra, invested in her 
Selmer basset clarinet to try to 
resurrect the original version. 

“The four extra notes of the 
instrument make a major 
difference to both the Clarinet 
Concerto and the quintet”, she 
says. “The most important 
difference is that it changes the 
nature of the work - a darker 
quality, emerges, making the 
concerto more profound than 
the more sparkling, show-off 
piece it is regarded as now. 

“And the quintet changes as 
well. Instead of the clarinet 
becoming a soprano voice 

within the work, it assumes the 
qualities of a mezzo soprano, 
which makes- the first violin 
stand out so much more.” 

Antony Pay worked with two 
clarinet makers. Edward Planas 
and Daniel Bangham, to pro- 
duce his instrument. He wanted 
to get as dose as possible to 
what Stadler’ s instrument was 
said to have been like, with the 
four extra notes as the basic 
guide. And he combined- the 
reconstruction of the Clarinet 
Concerto for basset clarinet 
made by the publishers Bafaren- 
reiter with advice from Dr 
Richard Maunder, a Mozart 
scholar at Cambridge. 

“All these difficulties could 
have been avoided had 
Mozart's publishers initially 
printed the concerto and the 
quintet as the composer intend- 
ed. with an arrangement for the 
standard instrument”, said Mr 
Pay drily. 

Nicolas Soames 


e si 

MWI || 



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1 , 
• ht 

James Fenton reviews the career 
of a remarkable critic, radical, 
private than and public figure 


■ ’ . LETTERS 
Edited by Mary Jarrell 

. Falfer.£25 .. . . _ . \ 

• ■ i/'ijllarler of a century ago there 
r- /V . V- aj > ' A strong impression 
.among British poets that 
rrr -j^American poets were onto a 
wry good scam. They had university 
/posts- teaching - creative writing. They 
Iliad -prestigious and valuable prizes. 
v They;had a poetry reading circuit and 
vso fodh. Legends grew up about the 
r abjHj^ amount of money poets could 
jrase&om the contents of their waste- 
^papeT’ baskets. It was all very envy- 
:.radudng. Of course people did also 
Litotie that the pioneer of the British 
{raiding-parties, Dylan Thomas, soon 
! fell victim- to the system. But not 
much was made of this. - 
' In recent years we have had the 
oppbrtunity to look at the lives of the 
post-war American poets in a rather 
different way. Jan Hamilton's biogra- 
phy of Robert LoweH shows how the 
most- illustrious of them suffered, and 
how those around bis mania suffered 
too., Eileen Simpson's Poets in the 
Youth, with John Berryman at the 
centre of the picture, adds beautifully 
to our knowledge of the generation. 
And now Randall Jarrell's widow, 
Mary; has brought out a full and fair- 
minded selection of her husband's 
letters. The idea that the whole thing 
was a scam can be forgotten. 

From all three books one receives a 
strong impression of the amount just 
being an American Poet look it out of 
you. There was. for instance, so much 
wandering from job to job. campus to 
campus, summer school to summer 

schooL And if you think that the job 
in question, talking about poetry, 
reading students' work, talking about 
yourself, sounds like a leisure 
acitivity, you haven't yet got the 
point. There has to be, within the 
artistic personality, a certain econ- 
omy, a balance of trade. There must 
also be. for one who gives of himself 
so publicly, an area of existence that is : 
private and restorative. 

Yet it is terribly easy to find 
yourself squandering your privacy, 
upsetting the economy of your life, 
giving in the wrong way, to the wrong 
people, and accepting poisoned gifts. 
Jarrell was a'poet and critic of great 
integrity, and a natural giver. At the 
time he began reviewing verse, 
regularly he was known to be a terror. 

a master of the wounding review. Yet 
his judgement was notably good, and 
what he liked he liked infectiously. He 
was a master advocate as well as 

T he other aspect of the Ameri- 
can poetry world which comes 
across in all three books is the 
unsettling effect of competiti- 
veness. In its gross form we see this in 
the story of Oscar Williams, the poet 
and anthologist who published Jar- 
rell's and Lowell's early work in one 
of his anthologies, then -expunged 
them from later editions in pique at 
receiving bad reviews of his own 
poems. In the mind of an Oscar 
Williams, literary reputation was a 
matter of giving and receiving 

favours. Lowell and Jarrell ‘ had 
broken a contract. 

But both poets were not at all 
immune to competitiveness them- 
selves. and you can see from this book 
how very intimately it affected 
campus life and their professional 
pursuits. Jarrell had a particularly 
uneasy relationship with R. P. 
Blackmur, who is seen reacting in 
dismay when his colleague gives what 
was obviously a very successful 
lecture. But Jarrell apparently regu- 
larly got the belter of these public 
debates. As John Crowe Ransom 
recalled; ‘‘More than once I had seen 
him rising in the academic forum 
when the official speaker had finished, 
and. . . ruining him with three of four 
perfect satirical sentences uttered in 

that high and piercing voice.” 

One has to imagine these debates as 
taking place in a milieu much taken 
with questions of status. The 
world of these poets was also 
one of many divorces and signifi- 
cantly few children. Jarrell adored his 
cats (it was. I think, one of the few 
yukky things about him) and when 
Kitten, his favourite, was killed, he 
suffered real grief. When the editor of 
these letters married him she brought 
two daughters into his life and 
affections, along with some pets. 
Although she doesn't claim this, she 
seems For the first time to have given 
him a real equilibrium. In his letters 
he calls her sister. 

S o he had a family, part human, 
part animal a series of homes, 
rather than one home, wide- 
spread respect for his poetry, his 
novel and his criticism, fame and 
plenty to do. In addition he liked 
playing tennis, and - endearingly or 
not — driving fast cars. In bis tastes, 
both musical and literary, he looked 
very much to Europe. 

The whole thing began to unravel 
around his fiftieth birthday, when the 
depression and the bad reviews 
arrived. He was put on drugs, and 
these began to change his personality. 
His marriage was undermined and he 
wanted to end iL He was haunted by 
two sentences. General Sherman 
about Grant: "1 stuck by him when be 
was drunk, and he stuck by me when I 
was crazy.” And from Marianne 
Moore: “In much madness there is 
some sense.'* Introducing a lecture by 
his old friend Hannah Arendt. he 
spent 20 mad minutes talking about 
meeting Johnny Unitas, the Colts 
quarterback. Then he left a SI. 500 tip 
for a waitress. It all sounds very 
horribly reminiscent of LowelL 
Given what had been happening, it 
is not surprising that people thought 
his death might have been suicide. It 
makes no difference. Jarrell was a 
remarkable man. He look against 
some people rather strongly, but his 
friendships roused him to great efforts 
on the behalf of others. His letters to 
Lowell and Elizabeth Bishop in 
particular show that, when he saw real 
achievement in a contemporary, that 
feeling or competitiveness became 
quite irrelevant, that he knew bow 
and what to praise and encourage. 
Not all wives of remarkable men have 
admired them for their gifts. Mary 
Jarrell's memorial to her husband is 
so warmly appreciative of him, 
without being improperly defensive, 
that it has been deep pleasure to read. 

The argument goes something 
like this: we live in a period of 
cver-increasing scientific know- 
ledge. with boundaries between 
disciplines becoming less dis- 
tinct: a period of beneficial 
borrowings. This - it is claimed 
- is particularly true for 
students of natural history, 
possibly the only remaining 
field in which the intelligent 
amateur can still contribute. 
What he needs, therefore, is a 
book of helpful definitions to. 
enable him to know and 
understand what the various 
scientists are talking about. And 
here it is - The Oxford Book oj 
Natural History. It covers not 
only die world's fauna and 
flora, /but everything from 
geology to meteorology, from 
genetics to physiology, parasit- 
ology and a host of other 
ologies. Over 1 2.000 entries 
from aapamires (polar, bogs) to 
zymogen granules (look for 

But pause a moment. Gan 
one book really do so much for 
so many? What is a dictionary 
really for? What is "natural 

The living 
around us 

Rath Stungo 

Edited by Michael AHaby 

Oxford. £20 

history” when you come to 
think about it? 

For my money a dictionary 
should give more than the 
current meaning of a word. I 
want birth certificate and travel 
documents too - where it came 
from and what it has been up to 
cn route. Etymology is absent 
as. too. is any indication that 
the meaning of words can alter 
and evolve. It is as rf the whole 
field of scientific enquiry had 
come into existence today. 

revealed once and for all in its 
entirety. does not happeo 
like this. 

Inevitably the majority of 
entries . deal with animal and 
plant groups. It is surprising, 
however, that there is no 
general introduction to the 
suhrject of classification and its 
purpose. It is difficult from a 
single standpoint to judge 
whether the balance of subject 
matter is even, since one tends 
to notice the unfamiliar. I 
suspect that the book reflects 
strongly the preoccupations of 
our own particular lime and 
that it may in years to come 
seem curiously outdated. 

General grumbles apart (for- 
getting my own prejudices) it 
must be said that this is a 
wonderfully compulsive read. 
Although not all are equally 
good, most entries are clear and 
precise, providing a simple 
explanation in straightforward 
terms. What an editor's night- 
mare it must have been: from 
"cloudburst” to "dinal specia- 
lion” in one short hop. 

It is time to stop describing 
Chicagoan V. I. Wars haws ki as 
a promising addition to the fast- 
growing ranks of female detect 
tires; in this, her third appear- 
ance, she shows herself to be 
very near the top. Feminist 
without being strident, tough, 
stubborn and emotionaL War- 
sbawski is a convincing cre- 
ation, complemented by an 
intelligent plot involving mys- 
terious share movements and 
the murkier depths of the 
Catholic mafia. 

• Political Suicide, by Robert 
Barnard (Collins, £7.95). Ulti- 
mate Wet Tory, drowned in the 
Thames, leaving splendidly 
tangled personal and political 
legacies. Investigation and by- 
election race to a result together. 
Sharp-edged, witty, and politi- 
cally spot-on. 

• Robbers, by Peter WhaUey 
(Macmillan, £8.50). Successful 
wage-snatchers blackmailed 
years later. Amiable ex-con, 
unexpectedly turned private tec, 
b ambles through well-crafted 


Female cop 
at the top 
of the lot 

Marcel Berlins. 

By Sara Paretsky 

Gollancz. £8.95 

plot with neat solution. Good 
underworld lore. 

• Monsieur Pamplemousse on 
the Spot, by Michael Bond 
( H odder & Stoughton , £8.95). 
World's greatest souffle chef 
goes missing, to gastronomic 
chagrin of food-guide inspector, 
amalgam of Clouseau and 
Poirot. Engaging mix of farce, 
detection and cuisine, nearly 
destroyed by an excess of the 
egregious hound Po mines 

Frites. Next time, grapefruit 
without chips, please. 

• A Trent in the Milk, by Roy 
Lewis ( Collins. £7.95). Erndite 
stone-loving local authority 
officer Arnold Landon caught 
up in the violent passions of 
planning permission in Nor- 
thumbria. Murder as gentle and 
civilized as the medieval 
countryside around. 

• First Hit of the Season, by 
Jane Dentinger (Gollancz, 
£8.95). Bitchy critic takes final 
curtain by way of his coke- 
snorter In lively tale of homi- 
cidal New York theatrical folk. 
Wordy actress and Samaritan 
Jocelyn O'Rourke meddles and 
solves, amid much enjoyable 

§ Silver City ScandaL by 
Gerald Hammond ( Macmillan, 
£7.95). Louche gunsmith Keith 
Colder loose in Aberdeen, trying 
to remove stain of Scottish 
jury's "Not Proven” verdict on 
oilman by finding real killer. 
Usual abundance of arms 
expertise, reliable action, and an 
endearingly dashing hero. 




A humorous and controversial 
autobiography. 224 pp £9.95 



This brilliant novel set in the 
age of the longbow centres on 
the magnificent Edward Ilf and J 
his consort Philippa. £ 8.50 - 3 


A disturbing and atmospheric 
story of a young girTs pre- 
mature involvement in the 
maelstrom of adoh experience. 


The reality not myth of a well deserved defeat 

Despite our victory-studded 
history we are a most unmili- 
tary race. We make a hash of 
the start of most of our wars, 
and take an unconscionably 
long time to understand what is 
really happening, to find the 
right leaders, to sack the 
failures, and to rediscover the. 
policies that lead to victory. We 
lake an unjustified pride in our 
defeats when our troops have to 
fight against unbeatable odds of 
our own making. - 

James Lunl m his personal 
account of the Burma campaign 
of 1942 makes no such mistake. 
His title, A Hell-of a Licking, is 
aptly chosen, and underlines the 
reality rather than the myth that 
there was something glorious in 
that thousand mile retreat. One 
of the senior commanders has 
said, “We withdrew in our own 
time and in perfect order.” The 
author, , who was Staff Captain 
10 2nd Burma Brigade through- 
out the five months, paints 
another picture: "Our liveliest 
memories are of confusion, 
disorder and near escapes from 

The British defeats in the Far 

East in 1942 can be fairly 
ascribed to lack of air cover. 
Singapore and Burma were lost 
in the earlier air battles over the 
British Isles and the Middle 
East which absorbed almost all- 
the RAFs resources. But there 
was much more wrong on the 
British side. There were gross 
misjudgements and mismanage- 
ment at every level that 
persisted throughout the cam- 
paign, with one important 
exception. The Burma Army 
was saved by the forethought 
and brilliant improvisations of 
its administrative staff! 

The same cannot be said of 
the Government of Burma, 
which was unprepared for war 
and proved itself incapable of 
putting Burma onto a war 
footing. It had no intelligence 
system worthy of the name and 
it suffered from the illusion that 
the Burmese people would stay 
loyal. They did nothing of the 
sort. The extent of their 
collaboration with the enemy 
snowballed with each Japanese 

Militarily there were equally 
grave errors of judgement 

William Jackson 

The Retreat from Burma 
. 1941-42 
■ By James Lunt 

Collins. £15 

Wavell, as C. in C. with his 
headquarters in Java, consist- 
ently under-estimated his Japa- 
nese opponents and over- 
valued the natural defensive 
strength of the jungle-covered 
mountains that form Burma's 
eastern frontier. He was also 
unwise in his choice of his 
subordinate commanders. Hut- 
ton, whom he appointed to 
command in Burma, was. in 
Napoleonic terms, an “un- 

lucky" general. Jackie Smyth 
VC. commander of 17th Div- 
ision, responsible for opposing 
the initial Japanese advance, 
was a sick man. He lost two- 
thirds of his division in the 
badly conducted withdrawal 
over the Sittang River when the 
great bridge across it was blown 
up prematurely. 

Things were even worse at 
Brigade and unit level. There 
had been an over-hasty expan- 
sion of Indian and Burma Army 
units to meet the Japanese 
threat and this had resulted in 
serious over-dilution of experi- 
enced officers and NCOs. Most 
units were under-equipped, 
unrealistically trained, and 
lacked battle experience. They 
were no match for the veteran 

Japanese divisions, which had 
been battle hardened in China. 

Alexander, a “lucky” general, 
arrived too late to do more than 
deflect the course of events. His 
greatest contribution to the 
campaign was perhaps his 
decision to withdraw to India 
before it was too late. In 
consequence, the Burma Army 
survived and out of its embers 
rose the phoenix of Slim's 
victorious !4th Army. 

James Lunt's book is lightly 
written, and will be enjoyed by 
the general reader as much as by 
the military specialise even 
though the story is not a happy 
one. it is a pity that many of the 
places that he mentions are not 
to be found in his maps, but this 
is a minor flaw. 

Make sure your copy of 


ISSUE No. 1 c»a be obtained by sendiaa£l JO fo 

7 Chapel Read. Worthing. WwtSnweiiBNH 1 EG 


Book Auctions 

_ „ . A fine selection from 

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London, W.C2. 


From the author of ‘THE SUNNE IN SPLENDOUR 1 

Sharon Penman 

Thirteenth century England and Wales ... a 
glorious, compelling novel of a princess caught 
between two cultures . . . torn between two ^ 

loves. Collins 

£UL50 804pp 

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H.irdb.K'k £S.50. 

“Food for nwy dlffaroflt Uodo of 
•tody - a book aoBke aeytfcioc our owm 
society has prodveed ...In Its richocso. 
Its an expected, ess aad its capacity to 
•hock as hno seeiac oonoliMn as 
others see m. both penowfly and as a 
•artety." Literary Review 

. iJonklV- 

Adventures in the 
Human Condition 

Novels often refer to something 
called the Human Condition. 
Examining this condition has 
even been prescribed as the 
proper task of fiction. Its causes 
and effects are hotly disputed 
however. And there is as yet no 
word of a remedy, besides 
nuclear extinction. As a subject 
for literature the condition 
enjoys a simple advantage: it is 
ubiquitous: it is also versatile, 
available as a vehicle for 
comedy and for a high serious- 

Peter Vansittart tends 
towards an earnest approach. 
His characters look for order in 
the midst of disarray and are 
always disappointed. On one 
occasion his narrative describes 
itself as a .toe-tale. a form that 
has come down to us in a late 
medieval corruption ( as .fairy- 
tale). And Aspects of Feeling 
docs seem to belong to that 
vanished fabulous art. evoca- 
tive of “the hard process of self- 
discovery”. The novel's pro- 
logue harks back the inter-war 
years. Della. Graham and 
Bayard spend school holidays at 
Dragon House in the north of 
England because their parents 
are absent policing the Empire. 
Their guardians pass on a fund 
of stories about the distant past 
when Piets settled in the region, 
arousing in the children a kind 
of nostalgia, at odds with 

The children, although dis- 
similar in temperament, appear 
precocious and hungry for 
knowledge. Childhood itself is 
neatly described: you lose it 
when talk of guns and politics 
ceases to be jarnng. Later. 
Vansittart follows the divergent 
paths of adult life. Graham is 
conscripted towards the end of 
the war and serves, unexccptio- 
nally. Far away from enemy 
lines. He recalls this brief 
chapter as "boarding school at a 
grosser remove”. Della pursues 
an awkward literary career, and 
Bayard, who partly escapes the 
story, is rewarded for his work 
in Intelligence by a gaunt 
obituary notice in The Times. 
Despite its laboured syntax and 
an incongruous mysticism that 
hovers over events. Aspects of 
Feeling is memorable for the 
way icons are deployed - Stalin, 


Hugh Barnes 

By Peter Vansittart 
Pei* Owen. £10.95 

By Don DeLillo 

Picador. £9 95 

Orson Welles and President 
Carter make fleeting appear- 

By way of a contrast White 
None ts hugely funny and 
purposefully obsolete. Jack 
Gladney lectures at an Ameri- 
can university. His department 
specializes in studies of popular 
culture whose “natural lan- 
guage” its luminaries attempt to 
decipher. Gladney has inaugur- 
ated his own discipline. Hitler 
Studies, and its success has 
made the department inter- 
nationally famous on account of 
fascism's perennial fascination. 
Now one of his colleagues is 
struggling to establish a similar 
course, entirely given over to 
the cult of Elvis Presley. 

Away from the seminar halls. 
Gladney experiences inti- 
mations of mortality and is 
prone to despair, attributable, 
he suspects, to the world's 
mutability. He is cgrcgiously 
obsessed by death, by the 
prospect of his own demise, and 
by news of other people's. Bui 
his is no ordinary phobia, nor is 
the College-nn-thc-Htll an ordi- 
nary; campus. What he fears 
above all is modem death, 
which, according to his Elviv- 
adonng colleague, is "growing 
in prestige and dimension ". 

DeLillo's narrative parades 
its own macabre mcons. and 
tailors them to suit us own 
ccccntnc view It hue None 
observes a small clique, part of 
a big country beginning to see 
sickness in itself. DeLillo's 
humour is ruthless, isolating 
television and other vicarious 
past-times as the causes of the 
national malady. When Glad- 
ney finds himself exposed to a 
poisonous chemical, he assumes 
metaphysical proportions, be- 
coming Everyman. 

Lighten our Darkness 

When Caesar's sun fell out of 
the sky. darkness descended on 
British history for two cen- 
turies. until the Anglo-Saxon 
kingdoms emerged. Chaos re- 
placed civilization. The new 
immigrants were illiterate. Die 
first written source is Gildas. 
who was late and imaginative. 
This volume completes the 
Oxford History of England, and 
replaces the Anglo-Saxon sec- 
tion of the CoIImgwood and 
Myres Roman Britain and the 
English Settlements published 
SO years ago. 

During that half century 
much new work has been done 
in archaeology, in place names 
and other linguistic studies, and 
on the literary sources and 
inscriptions. This has made Dr 
Myres change his emphasis in 

Philip Howard 

By J. N. L. Myres 

IhUvd £15 

several matters, for example 
finding more continuity than 
had been supposed between laic 
Roman and early Saxon times 
The trail follows such delicate 
clues as the development of the 
quoit brooch, and the complete 
disappearance of villa names 
from the countryside. Our Dark 
Age is still murky. But there is 
now enough light for us to have 
a good general notion of what 
was going on. This learned book 
is the best introductory torch 


mm . 


in = Western 

'Steiner is incomparably the most learned and 
most provocative guide one could desire' 
Oswyn Murray, Times Literary Supplement 

reasons and persons 

Derek Parfit 

’something dose to a work of genius ’ 

Alan Ryan 


On Concealment and Revelation 
Sissela Bok 

a highly topical study, of central interest to 

Mary Wamock 

For a full list write lo 

•net New, OUP. Walton Street, Oxford OX2 6DP 







Lid off 

Imagine iu A. district Labour Party. 

trom whose meetings bona fide 

delegates are excluded while Mili- 
12,11 sympathisers from outside 
come in and vote: which prevents 
opponents of Militant from contest- 
ing winnable city council seats and 
asks other candidates to take loyalty 
oaths: which resorts to threats of 
violence, abuse and, in two cases, 
alleged physical attack to get its way. 
In power, this party's city council- 
lors threatens to sack council trade- 
union officials who oppose them; 
gwe job nominations rights to 
M ill taut -controlled trade-union 

branches, and victimize hostile 
council employees by sending them 
to a so-called “leper colony”. They 
also give their supporters student 
sabbatical grams on the rates with 
the result that Militant probably has 
more full-time organizers in a single 
ward of the city than Labour has in 
the whole of north-west England. 
Fiction? Apparently not. This is the 
gist of evidence given to Labour's 
inquiry into the Liverpool party by 
the Merseyside Labour Coordinat- 
ing Committee, appearing in tomor- 
row's Tribune. Militant has a lot of 
explaining to do. 

Objection lodged 

I've heard of lawyers, objecting to a 
juiy member, but not often of their 
objecting to the judge. This hap- 
pened last week when a group of 
rebel rank-and-file freemasons 
sought a High Court injunction to 
stop Grand Lodge's plan to sell off 
the Royal Masonic Hospital in west 
London. A first judge was not able 
to hear the case because he had prior 
commitments. A second judge's 
name was put forward by the court 
officials, but he was challenged. . 
The reason? He was believed to be a 
Mason, Masonic judges are auto- 
matically members of the Grand 
Lodge, and the rebels therefore 
made it clear they wanted the case 
heard by a non-Masonic judge. 

Policeman’s lot 

Detective Constable Ian Cooper of 
Newton Abbot is my contender for 
the title of Community Copper of 
the Year. After colleagues railed to 
console two distraught elderly ladies 
whose home had been burgled. 
Cooper was sent round. After half an 
hour he left the ladies with smiles on 
their faces. His technique? Cooper, a 
keen amateur opera singer, had 
entertained them with a rendition of 
classics from Gilbert and Sullivan. 


Gerald's furious. \\ e’ve just bought 
a weekend cottage in Devizes* 

Slippery slopes 

Imagine the prickly unease when 
news of the Hesettine resignation 
reached the pink ears of the 
parliamentary skiing leant, en- 
sconscd halfway up a Swiss moun- 
tain near the resort of Davos. 
Rumours and gossip that the 
government was about to foil were 
rife. The next day the parliamen- 
tarians, including Winston Churchill 
MP and Sir John Osborne MP, were 
haring lunch when a phone-call was- 
announced for another of the party, 
Michael Alison, Mrs Ts parliamen- 
tary secretary 1 . Alison returned 
ashen-foccd from the telephone. 
“Oh, my God!” he gasped. -I have 
been demoted a ski-school class.” 

• Has grocer's daughter Margaret 
Thatcher lost all support? A survey 
by the magazine Independent Grocer 
finds that nearly half of Chose 
shopkeepers questioned thought her 
policies had hart their businesses. 
Only seven percent approved. 

Holding office 

The Ulster Unionist MPs who 
resigned their scats in protest at the 
Anglo-Irish deal seem to have 
stitched things up nicely before thev 
left the Commons. If. as expected, 
they are re-clccicd today, they will 
walk straight back into the much- 
rovctc.' ‘A esu-instcr offices they 
*iPs of other parties who 
lorced to share cramped 
accommodation have been thwarted 
in their attempts to take them over. 
The scricant-al-arms has put signs 
on the doors saying A. N. Other and 
kept them locked throughout. 


Gibraltarians will not be amused. 
The latest edition of Gournietour, 
the standard gastronomic guidebook 
to Spain, includes the Rock for the 
first time. Worse still, it finds just 
one restaurant worthy of mention. 

and inserts^ in the section headed 



TV: the conservative dilemma 

The Peacock committee on BBC 
financing has generated an industry 
analysing the economics of British 
broadcasting. It has stimulated an 
apparently endless flow of words 
and figures, much of it . the 
impenetrable product of the econo- 
metricians' arcane arts. Yet com- 
pared with the wide-ranging remit of 
Pflkington and Annan, it has been 
charged with answering a curiously 
narrow question: is there a better 
way of funding the BBC? 

It is a perfectly proper question, 
even if there was no great public, as 
opposed to political, demand to find 
alternative ways of providing pro- 
grammes which are at present 
demonstrably well appreciated and 
at the very modest cost of about 3p 
per viewing hour. 

Curiously, the narrow economic 
question is being examined in the 
most minute detail in total isolation 
from wider questions of the control 
and regulation of broadcasting. But 
politically, regulation is becoming 
an urgent question. Last autumn 
saw increased alarm about the 
amount of violence portrayed in 
television programmes, and concern 
about its influence on the im- 
pressionable young. 

Tomorrow the Commons will 
debate Winston Churchill’s bill 
which seeks to place broadcasting 
under legal restraints perhaps even 
tighter than those of the existing 
Obscene Publications Act. 

Looking wider, the advent of 

by Peter Ibbotson 

satellite television operating on an 
international basis, beyond the 
direct control of national govern- 
ments. has led many, including a 
House of Lords committee, to 
predict that current forms and levels 
of regulating programme material 
may not survive. 

It is in some way a classic 
conservative dilemma. On the one 
hand current economic beliefs 
favour widening consumer choice in 
a free commercial market. It is in 
this context that Peacock is pursuing 
funding options for the BBC which 
might involve the viewer in direct 
financial transactions so as to 
express specific preferences. 

On the other hand, economic 
liberalism must try to keep step with 
the often contrary demands of 
cultural and social conservatism. It 
is the latter which worries deeply 
about the content of what is 
broadcast, and which clearly be- 
lieves that television images have a 
for greater potency than those of the 
written word. 

In terms of _ free-market 
economics, broadcasting is simply a 
commodity, albeit one currently 
lacking a point of sale to the 
consumer it is therefore a com- 
modity in search of a market. The 
replacement of the licence fee. and 
encouragement of a multiplicity of 

new channels from which - the 
consumer can choose, are thus steps 
towards the establishment of this 
necessary market. 

What prospects do such 
ambitions have for the de gree of 
cultural regulation which conserva- 
tives seek to maintain, or even to 
extend? In Britain the separate 
funding of the BBC and ITV has 
given them a financial security 
permitting a degree of programme 
regulation and control but which 
would be imperilled by a direct 
.ratings war. 

It is a power which is flexible, 
responsive and direct. To the liberal 
it is often censorious and stuffy; to 
the conservative it is perhaps 
underused. But it is there, if both 
s> stems were forced into compe- 
tition. that power would be dimin- 

Competition for insufficient in- 
come from advertising would not 
only restrict public choice, with 
more expensive or smaller-audience 
programmes going to the walk there 
would also be pressure for more 
cheap American programmes that 
would generate high audiences - the 
very material which some bold to be 
socially damaging. 

There is certain to be a growing 
conflict between the expansion of 
market forces in broadcasting and 
the instinct to maintain controls on ' 

content- A solution is seen in- laws 
which' might augment, and perhaps- 
later replace, the discretionary 
powers of the present authorities. 
This in effect is the direction of the 
Churchill bill, which seeks to define 
and prohibit on television a variety 
of sexual acts, cannibalism and 
“vicious cruelty”. 

. What such a bill cannot cover, 
however, is the general range of 
allegedly excessively violent mat- 
erial which has been recently 
discussed, and which is subject to 
articulate political concern. The 
. lqgal . prohibition of dearly defined 
obscenities may in foot do little to 
stem more general concerns about 
aspects of current programming 
which only responsible broadc as ting 
authorities wfl] have the flexibility 
to assess and ability to respond to. 

Broadcasting, it has been said, is 
too important to leave to the 
broadcasters. I suspect that for many 
politicians, even of strong laissez- 
faire views, it will also remain too 
important to leave to the impera- 
tives of a free market. The rapid 
growth of new television technology 
can only add complications to an 
economic and social conundrum 
which admits no easy answers. It 
seems a pity that Peacock is limited 
to a small comer of this large and 
fascinating question. 

The author, assistant head of 
television current affairs, is on the 
BBC's team presenting evidence to 

Sarah Hogg on the factors which could throw the Chancellor off balance 

Lawson’s three-ring circus 

Nigel Lawson is not exactly built for 
acrobatics. The combination of 
economic difficulties that confronts 
the Chancellor, however, would test 
the most accomplished juggler. To 
please bis Prime Minister, his party 
and his public, Lawson needs to get 
interest rates, inflation and taxes 
down. The oil markets, and 
uncertainties about his own strategy, 
arc in danger of defeating him on all 
three scores. 

Cheaper oil means less revenue 
from the North Sea. The kind of 
ready reckoners in use in Whitehall 
and tiie City suggest losses of nearly 
£500 million for every dollar off the 
oil price. So if North Sea prices settle 
down at around S20 a barrel, the 
City is muttering. Lawson will have 
nothing to give away on March 18; 
and if they were to fall still fiirfoer, 
he would either have to borrow 
more than he plans or put taxes up. 

In feet, this is the least of the 
Chancellor's worries. Lost oil rev- 
enue can be ail too easily replaced by 
a fall in the pound. This makes 
every barrel of oil, priced in dollars, 
more valuable to British producers 
and tax-gatherers. However, it takes 
Shorn a five-cent foil in the pound to 
make up the revenue lost from a Si 
foil in the price of oiL 
Last spring, Lawson was expect- 
ing to claw in £1 1.5 billion in North 
Sea tax during 1986-87. By the 
autumn, this hope had probably 
shrunk to about £8 billion. The 
Chancellor could still bring in this 
much from Britain's oil production 
priced at $20 a barrel - but only if he 
let the pound slip not merely to 
todays level but to below $ 1.30. 

This is where the sums turn sour. 
Every five cents off the pound’s 
exchange rate, while replacing the 
revenue lost from a SI foil in the oil 
price, also adds nearly 1 per cent to 
Britain's inflation a year later (in the 
likely event that the pound foils at 
least as much against other cur- 
rencies). Admittedly, the lower oil 
price trims this inflation a bit. by 
making all energy-intensive pro- 
cesses cheaper. But if the Chancellor 
sought to keep his revenues con- 
stant, he would still be forced to 
accept a substantial boost to 

However, the one clear feature of 
Lawson's present strategy is that he 
is not trying to maximize oil 
revenue. He is prepared to kiss 
goodbye to this year's tax cuts if 
necessary. Things are not, in fact, all 
that grim. A lower oil price and a 
lower pound both stimulate British 
output, whose suppliers and pur- 
chasers will consequently pay more 
tax. This replaces some losses from 
the North Sea. 

Which still leaves him with the 
critical question: how for to let the 
pound foil? An exchange rate below 
$1.30 would transform the 
Treasury’s most recent public 
forecast, which put inflation down 
to 3.75 per cent by the end of this 
year. Very rough rules of thumb 
would put that figure up to 5.5 per 
cent. Less optimistic forecasters 
would put it a good deal higher. And 
there are worse risks stilL 

The Chancellor and the Prime 
Minister are firmly committed to 
getting inflation down, which means 
propping the exchange rate up. Hi is 
makes it extremely difficult for them 
to allow the pound to adjust 
naturally to the waning oil price 
without sending shock-waves 
through the markets - where any 
weakening in the pound is inter- 
preted as yet another change of 
government policy. At the same 
time, the government’s go-it-alone 

exchange rate strategy makes it 
extremely hard to work to defend 
the pound. 

Effectively, Lawson has just two 
weapons: currency intervention and 
interest rates. There is not a lot he 
can do to domestic policy to 
increase the pound's lure, except to 
make his monetary policy more 
coherent. A tighter budget does not 
look a sensible operation. After all, 
Britain's public deficit is already 
respectably low by international 
standards, and efforts to lower it still 
foster would not distract attention 
from Britain's real weakness, which 
is its inflationary pay climate. So to 
protect the pound the government is 
left with the choice of spending 
reserves to buy pounds, or pushing 
up the return on sterling securities. 

Even after its successful little dash 
to market, to borrow $Z5 billion last 
year, the government’s reserves are 
too thin to make currency inter- 

vention a long-term option. Nor can 
the Chancellor call on outside help. 

Other members of the Group of 
Five top finance ministers have been 
prepared to join in intervention 
when all currencies, not just the 
pound, seemed too weak against the 
dollar. But at their get-together in 
Downing Street last weekend they 
agreed to go easy on intervention for 
a bit They are certainly not in the 
business of propping up the pound. 
While Britain could have joined the 
dub which offers mighty German 
help in stabilizing the exchange rate 

- the semi-fixed European Monetary 
System - the government has so for 
opted to stay out. 

All of which leaves interest rates 
as the single available weapon. It is 
obviously a painful one, which the 
government seeks to use sparingly. 
Either way, it stands to lose. If- as 
two weeks ago - it raises rates to 
defend the pound, this exposes the 
farcical unimportance of its dom- 
estic monetary targets. If - as more 
recently - it calls a halt to interest- 
rate rises, the markets become 
equally concerned about its true 
intentions towards the exchange 

- In theory, the Group of Five 
meeting should have helped. For it 
became clear that Germany. France 
and Japan were anxious to lower 
their interest rates, which in turn 
would make the existing British 
rates more attractive to inter- 
national currency traders. Until 
American rates come down, how- 
ever. there is little scope for general 

So Lawson struggles on. trying to 
conserve his interest-rate fire. For in 
his model of the economy, high 
interest rates are not only unpopular 
but deeply depressing to growth. 
And in the short term, of course, 
they too play their part in pushin 
up inflation. The forecasts for I98i 
that began so fair are now clouded 

Ironically, it may still work to 
Lawson's advantage. The worries of 
1986 may disappear in 1987 or 1988. 
A lower pound, and cheaper oiL will 
promote foster growth - but the 
benefits take time to germinate. The 
tendency of oil and foreign exchange 
markets to overshoot, and then 
swing back, may force interest rates 
up only to allow them to foil again 
supplying a quick cut in the inflation 
figures. Provided Lawson can son 
out the defects in his own exchange 
rate and monetary policies - a big if 
- the international climate may 
improve for him next year. It is 
beginning to look much less like an 
early election. 

The author is economics editor oj 
The Times. 

Traps that wait for Whitehall leakers 

Whitehall's small and mostly anony- 
mous band of “mole-hunters” have 
cause to congratulate themselves. 
Not only do they appear to have 
fingered their prey in the Depart- 
ment of Trade and Industry, an 
unusual success in the routine and 
normally futile business of trying to 
trace leaks, they have done so with 
unprecedented speed. 

Their techniques are arcane, 
ranging from devious telephone 
tapping of journalists to find 
sources, to dull and repeated 
interviews. Those skilled in the 
labyrinthine system of Whitehall 
leaking are rarely caught because 
they know how to leave no t rail. 

So two primary inferences arise. 
First, the leaker probably confessed, 
under challenge or otherwise, (and 
may therefore have been granted 
immunity). Second, the leaker either 
believed or knew that the leak had 
Bri nan’s tacit or actual approval. 

In this case the leak inquiry was 
reportedly led by Gordon Burrett. 
attached to the Cabinet Office, and 
ultimately responsible to Sir Robert 
Armstrong, head of the Home Civil 
Service. All sensitive Whitehall 
documents are classified, with all 
recipients of documents listed. 

Burrett’ s team, from the Manage- 
ment and Personnel Office of the 
Cabinet Office, would have started 
with a list, their first targets in the 
inquiry. Each would be interviewed, 
narrowing down to strong suspects, 
who would be interviewed several 
times. No one knows how many 
such leak inquiries are actually held, 
since only the most illustrious come 
to light, but most go no further than 
this stage for the simple reason that 
no one owns up, and there is no 

further evidence to pinpoint the 

According to those who have 
undergone the process, it carries all 
the polite but interrogatory threat 
associated with school-tie loyally. 
Thus, the standard question used to 
lean on a suspect runs along the 
lines; “You realize how much your 
friends and colleagues are suffering 
from this continuous questioning? 
Wouldn’t it be easier to come dean, 
for their sake?” And, maybe, tacked 
on as a last resort: “Wouldn't it be 
belter to keep it in the family?” 
Honourable resignation or a tactful 
sideways shuffle are recognized 
rewards for playing the game. 

Scotland Yard . 
joins in 

If persuasion fails, tougher tactics 
come in. In most serious inquiries 
the M15 officer attached to the 
Cabinet Office would take part from 
the outset. In the famous case under 
Jim Callaghan's government in 
1976, concerning delays in child 
benefit policy being leaked from the 
Cabinet, ministers were asked to 
undergo fingerprinting. . _ 

In that case Sir Douglas Allen 
(then head of the Home Civil 
Service, and now Lord Allen), foiled 
to find the leaker, and called in 
Commander Roy Habershon, Scot- 
land Yard’s serious crimes squad 
head. The same body of police 
officers were used from tire outset of 
the Sarah Tisdall inquiry, where 
their forensic expertise and interrog- 
ation methods, unlike in. the child 
benefit case, proved successful 

Ian Willmore, a Department of 

Employment administrative trainee, 
leaked details of talks between the 
department and the judiciary on 
industrial relations law. 

He confessed in December 1983 
only after being promised immunity 
from prosecution. A confession is 
still important to strengthen evi- 
dence for a prosecution, since juries 
are seen as reluctant to convict on 
the catch-all provisions of Section 
Two of the Official Secrets Act- 

After Tisdall Civil Service unions 
claimed that the Prime Minister had 
instituted sophisticated “traps”, 
ways of marking documents so that 
a leaker could be sprung the 
moment he or she stepped out of 
line. Certainly lax Whitehall habits 
of the 197%, have been strictly 
tightened by this Government. 

- But the leaker in this case passed 
no unmarked brown envelope, in 
Fes Minister style, across foe table of 
an expensive Soho restaurant. The 
story came by telephone to Chris 
MoncriefC the Press Association's 
parliamentary correspondent, within 
two or three hours of the Solicitor- 
General's letter being written to the 
Secretary of State for Defence, and 
copied to Downing Street and foe 

That could touch on civil 
servants' deepest resentment about 
the unwritten rules of leaking. 
Ministers, as Jim Callaghan once 
said, “brief* journalists: civil ser- 
vants “leak” The reality is even 
wore grey than that double-stan- 
dard, for civil servants most often 
leak information only when they get 
a nod and a wink from their political 

Did the DTI leaker get such a nod 

and a wink from the Trade and 
Industry Secretary? If yes, it would 
be a matter over which Leon Brittan 
might resign. Or did the unfortunate 
official, over-eager to anticipate the 
politician's wishes, take an indepen- 
dent decision to release the letter’s 
contents? If that is the case, many 
Whitehall officials will feel a stab of 
sympathy fora sacrificial Iamb. 

Perhaps our best clue lies in a 
barely noted point about how this 
particular inquiry began. Mrs 
Thatcher, not one to shy dear of 
leak investigations, appears to have 
believed that this case did not merit 
inquiry because it was not seen as an 
“unauthorized disclosure of infor- 
mation”. It may have been foe 
Solicitor-General who put on press- 
ure to trace the source. 

Political eyes 
are watching 

. In a blurred world where the 
motives of manipulation become 
mixed up between questions of 
political embarrassment and govern- 
ment security, it is rare for the full 
story to come into the open. That is 
what made foe Tisdall and Footing 
cases so notable. 

For that reason alone, any file 
from the Director of Public Pros- 
ecutions to the Attorney-General, 
will be watched on its way with 
shrewd political eyes. A long and 
hotly contested court case would 
prolong the already damaging 
Westland affair beyond the govern- 
ment’s range of influence. Cabinet 
appetite for a prosecution can hardly 

bek " ,L Cotin Hughes 

Ronald Butt 

Why Kinnock’s talk 
cannot reassure 

As extreme left-wingers increasingly 
gain the inheritance of Labour's 
parliamentary seats and candi- 
datures. Neil Kinnock is desperately 
intensifying his efforts to free his 
party from the stigma and commit- 
ments of socialism as the British 
people have hitherto known, and 
nor loved, iu 

Since the harder left will have a 
significantly larger proportion of 
Labour seals in the next Parliament. 
Kinnock's urge to speak reasssu- 
ringly to the nation is understand- 
able. The electorate, which has 
persistently shown itself reluctant ro 
elect a socialist government in the 
true sense of that word (apart from 
in 1945). has to be persuaded that 
Labour would follow policies very 
different from those advocated by its 
increasingly left-wing candidates. 

Like Harold Wilson in the post- 
Gaitskell period. Kinnock must 
show that Labour offers something 
consonant with the mixed economy 
- and that as explained by Roy 
Hauersley. it even has some respect 
for market principles-. 

Kinnock. however, faces two 
difficulties which did not confront 
predecessors. Adherents of the 
Gaitskcll-Wilson tradition of social- 
ism redefined as social democracy 
for the first time have another party, 
the SDP. to turn to. 

His second difficulty is that the 
earlier he begins his restatement of 
Labour policy, the more time he 
gives his opponents to dissect it and 
expose its inconsistencies. But these 
risks have to be taken, and so 
Kinnock has now launched into a 
series of public utterances designed 
lo show the decent face of the 
Labour Party. 

It began with his ill-considered 
remarks about Labour's rcnationali- 
zaiion plans at the turn oft the year, 
and has continued this week with his 
better calculated speech to the 
Industrial Society suggesting that 
Labour should not be afraid to take 
a few leaves from the Japanese book 
on how to manage industry and 
promote growth. More is to come. 

His remarks on renationalization 
were a beautifully wrapped gift for 
his Tory foes, who were only 
prevented from enjoying it by 
Michael Heseitine. By common 
consent. nationalization and 
bureaucracy are unpopular; denation- 
ion. like the government’s gift of the 
ballot to union members, is. 
however, popular. Kinnock there- 
fore tried a little reassurance. 

In the first place, he indicated that 
although renationalization would 
come, it would be very low down 
Labour's list of priorities since the 
necessary funds would be needed for 
regenerating production, investment 
and employment This was. to say 
the least a strange kind of 
reassurance since if it contained any 
comfort at all it could only be from 
the subliminal hint that what is 
delayed may never come at all. 

But since he went into some detail 
about the form it would take we 
have to assuirife that come it will, 
and what is more (if Kinnock is 
anything to go by) in a manner most 
likely to lose Labour votes. Having 
first hinted that it would not be on 
the old Morrisonian principles of 
1945. he sought to differentiate 
between foe terms on which shares 
would be compulsorily renationa- 
lizcd from large institutions and 
those relating to workers. 

What he seemed to be saying was 
that workers would be allowed to 
keep shares in their own companies 
(or. at any rate, in companies in 

which they owned a “substantial 
proportion”, which begs many 
questions): that small investors 
might be eligible for a compensation 
price which look some account at 
inflation and the market: but that 
the big institutions which held the 
majority of shares would have them 
taken back by the state without even 
anv allowance for inflation. 

Yet these institutions include 
those that look after the pensions of 
ordinary people, which they have 
used to purchase denationalized 
shares in good foilh. Such a proposal 
as Kinnock's is more than inequi- 
table. It would violate the fxmsti- 
tuiional principle that the actions or 
a government done with parliamen- 
tary assent, and with a mandate, 
must be respected by its successors, 
even when they are reversed. 

It is small wonder that Kinnock s 
words dismayed not only the left, 
but moderates working under the 
chairmanship of Labour’s trade and 
industry spokesman. John Smith, to 
find an’ acceptable renationalization 

This episode, however, is not onlv 
interesting as an example of 
Kinnock's inclination to speak 
before he thinks. (He did not. for 
instance, think about the problem 
that the investors from whom the 
state reacquires the shares will not 
always be those- to whom they were 
first sold.) 

Kinnock's renationalization muddle 
also reveals that Labour has lost its 
old raison d'etre - its conviction that, 
if a socialist state could own and 
financially service the basic industries, 
we should have a richer, fairer and 
eventually more popular social and 
economic system. Above all. if 
nationalization is not seen as helpful 
to Labour's first task, the regeneration 
of industry and employnienL what is 
its purpose? By implication. Kinnock 
has admitted that it has none except to 
satisfy an atavisitic urge m his party. 

Now he has moved to new territory 
Pursuing the theme that reconstruc- 
tion of the country's manufacturing 
base cannot be left to market forces, 
and stressing the need for a National 
Investment Bank, and the direction of 
investment. Kinnock calls in aid the 
Japanese practice of social solidarity, 
advocating planning resources, a 
government-led consensus for change 
and for the provision of finance. 

But he has taken no account of the 
acceptance by Japanese workers of 
lower consumer standards or their 
acceptance of paternalism or their 
eschewing of strikes. Nor does he 
seem to understand that there is a 
world of difference between the 
genuine consensus arising from the 
Japanese industrial system, with its 
different cultural origin, and the 
tendency of a British Labour govern- 
ment to cell industry to do as it is told 
and lo accept orders. 

If Neil Kinnock will start a 
serious analysis of the difference 
between union attitudes in Britain 
and in Japan, and discuss honestly 
the prospect of unions here accept- 
ing company paternalism in place of 
strikes, he will deserve more 
attention. He must also discuss how 
for a Labour government would 
listen to industry's managements as 
well as instructing them. 

Meanwhile, the growing ascend- 
ancy of the left in his party drives 
him to grasp for any form of words 
to suggest that Labour is less 
socialist than its parliamentary 
candidates. The more frantically 
Kinnock tries to reassure the public, 
the less convincing he and his party 

Roderick Munday 

If Kerenhappuch, 
why not Zingue? 

Recent letters in The Times about 
the forename Kerenhappuch have 
intriguing historical and legal reson- 
ances. The debate calls to mind how 
hi 17th-century England in the more 
zealous Puritan parishes children at 
the font were regularly given all 
manner of Old Testament names. 

Much more peculiar is the 
underlying foci that English law, 10 
all intents, has for long recognized 
people's complete freedom to call 
their children or themselves by 
whatever forenames they please. 
This contrasts sharply with neigh- 
bouring European countries - 
particularly France. 

A law dating from the revolution- 
ary era. but still in force - a law of 1 1 
Germinal. Year XI (I April 1803) - 
provides that the registered fore- 
names of French citizens may be 
selected only from among foe saints' 
names to be found in “the various 
calendars” or from names belonging 
to well-known figures oF “ancient 
history”. In July 1984. in a decision 
that aroused considerable interest in 
France, foe Court of Cassation held 
that a French couple might not 
lawfully register their daughter 
under foe name Manhattan. 

The origin of this curious 
enactment stems from an episode in 
French history. Just as our Puritan 
forebears, as a testimony of faith, 
were wont to christen their children 
Deodatus. Humiliation or Tribu- 
lation and produced such odd names 
os Sin-Denie Heley, Leam-Wys- 
dome Ellis or Praise-God Barebone, 
at the_ height of foe French 
Revolution zealots could commem- 
orate the proud doings of the day by 
registering children under such 
forenames as FIoreaL Thermidor or 
Victoire Federative. 

They could take the objects listed 
in Fab re d*Eglaniine*s revolutionary 
calendar - that symbolic almanac in 
which the animal, plant and mineral 
world was daily matched with the 
natural rhythms of man's labours - 
and name their children Beuerave, 
Pom me. Fraise. Brocolie. Cbicoree 
or Rhubarbe. In their fervour they 
could transform foe surnames of 

leading figures of the revolution into 
forenames (one finds Robespierre. 
Brutus Marat or Maratine). 

The law of April l 1803 was 
enacted in haste to counteract this 
fed. But the enactment cuts deep 
into strong human feelings and its 
legacy has been a steady stream ol 
litigation and qualifications. 

Early in foe 19fo century, for 
instance, a decree provided that the 
Bible might be included under foe 
denomination of “ancient history”. 
Kerenhappuch, then, would be a 
lawful French forename. 

The courts, too, have consistently 
expanded foe scope of foe legal 
provisions. Thus, “foe various 
calendars” now include foreign 
calendars- In 1981 the Court of 
Cassation went further and seem- 
ingly determined that even Fabre 
d'Eglantine’s almanac may qualify 
and that Cerise, therefore, may be 

“Ancient history”, too - the other 
limb of foe law - has traditionally 
been interpreted in expansive 
fashion. And if some registrars have 
rejected Trotsky, Unin and Jean 
Jaunis as forenames, others ha*e 
been prepared to accept Marx 
Renan and even Tarzan. 

. T ° counterbalance the constrict- 
ing feeling this law arouses, front 
ume to time Frenchmen are 
reminded of foe practically un- 
tapped nches of ‘ the various 
calendars . Among canonized males 
whose names might appeal to the 
more adventurous French parent 
one finds such as Abide. Bananuphe 
Gufoagon. Hilare. Pipe. Tvchiaue 

be named after Btbienne. Ensvide. 
Gohnduche. Piste, Rusticule. Zinaue 

z Hgj{ c ' In Pnriinmentary debates 
m i9 y even more extravagant 
suggestions were made - Mogoldo- 
bomorco. Botzanates, Seconded* 
Ver-Soluteur and ^el-A^n-Ar- 
rhien. In such comoanv ti»*» 
Kercnhappuchs of this worid wouTd 
scarcely exrue attention. 

The author « senior utter at 
Peterhouse. Cambridge. 



hjT. In the 15 parliamentary by-elec- 
■-* 1 tions .taking place in -Northern 

.Ireland today only one seat 
seems at all likely to change 
hands. vUiesre is little evidence 
. .... > that traditional attitndes rare 
>■■■ changing. There is not even the 
K, beginnings of a “mandate” to 


'■* i 


'2- ‘ 

‘ V- 


bring down the Hillsborough 
AgreemenL • 

Not,, of course, that there is an 
enormous edifice to bring down - 
at the mo m ent. The two govern- 
ments are advertising the agree- 
ment’s virtues. The ‘Unionists 
are execrating it. The document 
itself it has to be remembered, is 
one of Very flexible phrasing in' 
which many blank spaces *st01 
have to be filled. 

British policy since 1969 has 
been based on two timdamental 
principles: the desirability of a 
local a dminis tration command- 
ing the' support of the minority 
Roman Catholic population and 
recognition that the Province’s 
constitutional status would con- 
tinue to be defined by the vote of 
the majority. Both these are 
affirmed in the agreement. : 

It is a- framework, not a 
strategy. In the next few months, 
the British Government has to 
;s specify the next steps. In particu- 
V> j^fer it must embark again on the 
:j.' Task of seeing if any fresh 
; possibilities exist for a devolved ■ 
v government drawn from repre- 
sentatives of both communities. 

'f An administration in which 
■j- even a little power was shared 
.7 would be an improvement on 
2, the awkward mix of a ministerial 
conference . dealing with 
nationalists and a powerless 
assembly composed almost en- 
£.■ tirely of angry Unionists. In their 
present mood, unionist poli- 
ticians may not listen very hard 
to another round of suggestions 
that they share what they have 
always refused to let go. There is 
s? also a strong chance that the 
leaders of the Offi cial Unionist 
party may barricade themselves 
inside a campaign almpd at 
2 persuading an indifferent House 
of Commons to listen to their 
arguments for full integration of 
Northern Ireland into the United 
Kingdom. But there have been 

some small hints that the shock 
of- the : agreement may have 
loosened some of - the old 
hostility. to local partnership, at 
least in some sections of the 
Official Unionists. Whether or 
not such hints can; be built on, 
the two governments must 
explore every opportunity and 
opening, however discouraging 
the precedents. ’ 

A committee of the present 
assembly recently offered * to 
consider' sharing power with 
minority representatives for a 
fixed experimental period (the 
Catberwood proposals). Al- 
though this scheme poses its own 
problems; one of . the British 
Government’s most effective 
counter attacks against unionist 
protest might ^be to take this offer 
up at its face value. 

One of the loudest Unionist 
complaints has been that they 
were kept in the dark as the 
agreement was being drafted. 
Any mechanism which offered 
Unionists access to inter-govern- 
mental conference sessions rele- 
vant to the local parties might 
disarm its objection. - 

The conference has already 
begun to look at a sensible 
agenda of reforms in criminal 
justice and security. Two caveats 
are necessary, however. Amid 
the talk of measures to “build 
the confidence” of the minority 
community in the administra- 
tion of justice it sometimes 
seems to be forgotten that the 
ultimate purpose of reform is not 
the gratification of the national- 
ist community but the detection 
and prevention of crime. 
Secondly it continues to be 
important that the Social Demo- 
cratic and Labour Party shows 
some willingness to engage in the 
business of helping improve, 
security. This need not take the 
form of categorical endorse- 
ments of the police or the Ulster 
Defence Regiment, but it should 
at least mean helping monitoring 
the police and making realistic 
proposals for change. 

The common factor which 
should link the next moves is the 
importance of reducing fear in 

the Unionist community. Mr 
Powell’s lurid fantasies about 
NATO and the CIA may some- 
times mask the simple truth that 
many ordinary Unionists sus- 
pect that the Hillsborough Agree- 
ment will somehow lead to 
unification without their con- 
sent One aim of the agreement 
was the reduction . of “alien- 
ation” among the minority. It 
will have achieved little if it 
merely creates an alienated 
majority instead. 

There are two malign strains 
in Nationalist thinking that 
should be rejected by both 
governments, and. in particular 
by Dublin. One implies that the 
agreement is simply a promiss- 
ory note for a stream of pro- 
nationalist reforms which should 
now be delivered irrespective of 
Unionist feelings. The other 
holds that a show-down between 
London and the Unionists is 
sooner or later inevitable and 
that until the unionists are 
beaten, there is little point in 
debating * future arrangements. 
This is a recipe for widening, and 
not dosing, the gulf between 

■ One of the best tests for -any 
initiative in Northern Ireland is 
its capacity to weaken the power 
of veto which is wielded at 
different times by both com- 
munities. The Hillsborough 
Agreement is a long way yet 
from passing that test. It has yet 
to survive non-violent Unionist 
sanctions and possibly para- 
military violence as well. That 
still leaves the IRA, which is 
biding its time. One of the largest 
decisions which the British 
Government now feces has little 
to do with the agreement. How 
should it move against the 
political force. Provisional Sinn 
Fein, which exists to promote 
and legitimise IRA killing? Sinn 
Fein’s electoral support may be 
checked by early enthusiasm for 
the agreement and consequent 
gains by the SDLP but it will not 
evaporate. The news that the 
Northern Ireland Office is con- 
sidering more stringent measures 
to disqualify terrorists from 
standing for election is welcome. 


In a masterly piece of understate- 
ment the committee of inquiry 
into the food poisoning outbreak 
at Stanley Royd hospital de- 
•^tlared the issue of hospitals* 
~^Crown immunity to prosecution 
to be “vexed”. Her Majesty’s 
Opposition, in an equally mas- 
terly display of political lather, is 
demanding an end to Crown 
immunity as the seemingly pat 
answer to the appalling state of 
far too many NHS kitchens. The 
Government however, is doing 
well to take a slightly longer 

*■ ■** *■ 


In principle. Crown immunity 
for NHS hospitals - the legacy of 
an ancient role that the Crown 
cannot prosecute itself - is no 
longer easy to defend. But 
behind that principle lies the 

SSS- of the kitchen have 

Uncooked meat was stored next 
to cooked meat. Kitchen tables 
on which food was prepared 
were washed down with mops 
used on the floors. Equipment 
was not cleaned properly. A 
blocked sink was found to be. 
bunged up with cutlery. The 
century-old kitchen was inad- 
equate, the inquiry found. But it 
also firmly pointed out that 
“poor conditions in a kitchen 
area will', not, of themselves, 
cause an outbreak of food 
poisoning”. It was the. way well- 
known rules and principles of 
good hygiene were “ignored” 
which led to the outbreak. 

Indeed; the absence of Crown 
immunity .-would not have pre- 
vented the disaster. Environ- 
mental health officers told the 

* • * ’ ]■* 


survey of 1,000 hospital kitchens 
by foe Institution of Environ- 
mental Health Officers showed 
over 600 to be breaking food 
hygiene regulations, and why 97 
• of them were in such a state as to 
merit prosecution, had that been 
possible. The answer lies partly 
in the feet that hospital kitchens 
have always been low down on 
the list of priorities for capital 
. spending. More immediately 
;• however it lies in management. 

The Stanley Royd inquiry 
makes clear that the outbreak 
which killed 19 patients and laid 
•^4 low 460 patients and staff need 
' ^ not have, happened. Two key 
failings are identified. The first 
• was foe almost complete break- 
I down of effective supervision in 
the kitchens. Catering managers 
did not roster themselves to 
work after 5pm or at weekends. 

warranted prosecution, bad that 
been possible. What was at fault 
was cfey to day management and 

The second key failure was foe 
planning system which allowed 
proposals to modernize the 
kitchens, first drawn up in 1978, 
to still be on the drawing board 
six years later when disaster 
strode. Health authority officials, 
the inquiry found, became effec- 
tively mesmerized by the process 
of pfenning rather than its 
objective - to get Stanley Royd a 
new kitchen. 

From all this it is clear that 
these issues must be the first to 
be tackled. The inquiry's recom- 
mendations' on inspection, 
supervision, training, re-training, 
on the use of formal notices, and 
a requirement that health auth- 
orities debate in public at least 
annually all reports on their 

kitchens and foe actions taken 
are all helpful in this regard. 

After that, however, foe issue 
of Crown immunity remains. It 
goes, of course, much wider than 
NHS hospitals. It includes foe 
immunity of prisons, service 
establishments and police 
stations. But the limited step of 
removing Crown immunity for 
NHS hospitals, towards which 
Mr Fowler appears to be mov- 
ing, looks feasible. 

The objection that fines on 
hospitals would simply be mov- 
ing government money from one 
head - NHS spending - to 
another, income through the 
courts, can carry little weight. 
The feet that fines would remove 
spending from patient services 
carries little more. Prosecution, 
after alL is foe ultimate sanction, 
not the daily occurrence. A 
handful of prosecutions would 
be likely to result in a rapid 
improvement elsewhere. 

More important, it is plainly 
wrong that a private hospital 
which refuses to put right 
inadequate and dangerous kit- 
chens can face prosecution and 
closure, while an NHS hospital 
cannot If hospitals are forced to 
go outside for catering services 
because they are incapable of 
managing them properly them- 
selves, no tears will be shed by 
patients, nor should they be by 
anybody else. 

If, as seems possible, Mr 
Fowler does move in the next 
few weeks to remove Crown 
immunity for NHS hospitals, 
nobody should be under any 
illusions that such a move on its 
own will solve the problem. It 
would not we are told, have 
stopped Stanley Royd. 


At cross purposes on GEC bid? 

From Lord Bruce of Donington 
Sir, Your Finance and Industry 
editorial (January 21), in comment- 
ing on the decision of the Secretary 
of State for Trade and Industry to 
refer GECs bid for Plessey’s to the 
Monopolies and Mergers Com- 
mission indicated that 
As a member of the European 
Consortium. GEC has not earned any 
brownie points from either Mrs Thatcher 
or Mr Brittan. Whether the decision to 
refer GEC-Plessey reflects a considered 
response to a major industrial initiative 
or is the act of an irresolute Government 
seized by a fit of pique is a legitimate 
subject for debate. 

By way of contribution to the 
debate and without prejudice to the 
validity of any ruling by the 
commission, may I draw attention 
to the fact that as recently as June 14 
last, in the House of Lords, (col 
148 1- 1482) Lord Lucas of Oiil- 
worth, speaking on behalf of the 

Opening up the 

Government, advocated the very legal SVSteUl 
merger winch his own Secretary of 6 
Mate has now referred to the 

After pointing out that the 

combined telecommunications tum- 

?Y e _ r and Plessey was about 

1 T n ’r5?.f om P ared with that 
of AT & T of S12 billion, he sa id: 

is that the product 

of GEC-WeMev nuut .. _ _ J - ■ 

of GEC-Plessey. good as it is - and ii is 
very good - cannot survive in the United 
JOngdom market, which totals about 
£500 million, alone. It is necessary lo 
have at least £1 billion to stay in the 
game. They should be amalgamating with 
or collaborating with other companies to 
secure the export markets which they 
cannot secure, and they will not survive 
at their present turnover on United 
Kingdom-only purchasing. 

Yours sincerely, 


House of Lords. 

January 21. 

Budgets and boroughs 

From the Leader of Richmond upon 
Thames Council 

Sir. Your feature article “Carving up 
ihe County Hall cake” (January 8) is 
somewhat inaccurate and incom- 
plete as far as the London Boroughs 
Grants Committee is concerned. 
Colin Hughes says. 

A £24.6 million budget for next year is 
deemed by some Conservative and 
Alliance repre s en tatives to be adequate 
for supporting the genuinely eligible 
London-wide bodies currently funded by 

I am the only Alliance member of 
the 'grants committee, and I have 
never been prepared to support a 
budget figure as low as £24.6 
million. In common with the 12 
Labour-controlled boroughs as well 
as Brent and Waltham Forest (both 
no overall control). Richmond upon 
Thames takes the view that the 
minimum acceptable figure is 
£28.24 million, the recommended 
total of the director of the grams 

The most important aspect of the 
arguments over the budget total is 
not mentioned in the article. This is 
that there is little prospect at present 
of the boroughs agreeing by a two 
thirds majority what the budget total 
should be. This is a requirement of 
the Local Government Act 1985. 
and means that the Tory boroughs 
and the Labour boroughs have to 
come to an agreement on a 
compromise figure. Until this 
happens there can be no grants given 
at all. 

At a meeting on January 13 the 
grants committee agreed by a 
narrow vote of 16 to 15 to 
recommend a budget figure of £27 
million to the London boroughs. 

Unfortunately, until the requisite 
two thirds of the boroughs agree to 
this, we shall still be in limbo. 

Yours etc, 

Richmond upon Thames Council. 
Municipal Offices. 

Richmond Road, 



From Mr John E. Hobbs 
Sir, After reading Frances Gibbs’s 
report (January 14) on proposed 
legal reform recommended by a Law 
Society subcommittee, I feel that 
they have failed to consider the role 
of barristers who have entered the 
Bar from the non-legai professions 
such as surveying nr a ccountan cy 

The suggestion that “everyone 
should qualify as a lawyer" and 
“after two or three years in office 
those wishing to specialize in 
advocacy could proceed to the Bar' 
may preclude, or at least deter, the 
legal minds of other professions 
from such a vocation. After all, they 
may have already spent six or seven 
years qualifying. 

I am sure that I would not be 
alone in thinking that, say, a 
quantity surveyor of many years 
standing, who also practises as a 
barrister, could have more to offer a 
litigant in a building contract 
dispute than a general-practice 
lawyer who fancies his hand at 
advocacy. Such specialization, ac- 
quired through experience, must be 
invaluable in the courts. 

If the reform proposals are 
approved, what will happen to the 
large number of barristers who did 
not spend time as lawyers in general 
practice, and who will replace their 
expertise in the future? 

Yours faithfully. 


140 Leckhampion Road, 
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. 
January 16. 

Rights of search at sea 

From Colonel Professor C. I. A. D. 

Sir. Lord Stockton in his letter 
(January IS) tells us of his concern 
at “the many criticisms . . . even 
semi-official . . . of the Iranian 
Government in stopping and search- 
ing" neutral vessels in connection 
with the war between Iran and Iraq. 

Without doubt few Stales have 
been more assiduous than this 
country in exercising the “ancient” 
right of visitation as a belligerent 
against neutral ships on the high 
seas. This right, in the development 
of which we have played a large part. 
oveF the centuries, could be found in 
the Conso/ato del Mare, a private 
compilation of maritime laws made 
at Barcelona in the mid-14ih 

The Foreign Secretary is reported 
as expressing some concern about 
the freedom of navigation to the 
recent stoppages and searches of 
British and other neutral vessels by 
the Iranian navy in the Gulf of 
Oman. Such reports as have been 
made of the incidents of the 
stoppage and search of the Barber 
Perseus off Oman show that the 

Iranian navy behaved with scrupu- 
lous regard to the law and the right 
of visitation it confers upon them. 

Likewise, the master and the crew 
of the Barber Perseus responded 
with strict compliance to the ambit . 
of the belligerent's right of visi- 
tation. There is no suggestion that 
ihe point of stoppage was within the 
territorial sea of a neutral State. 

Admittedly, in World War II 
other methods, namely the “navicert 
system", overtook the normal 
exercise of the right of visitation, 
one of the reasons being the 
difficulty and great hazard of search 
on the high seas. 

-In the Gulf war. limited to Iran 
and Iraq, it would ill become this 
country to make clamour about the 
exercise of a belligerent right in 
relation to our merchant ships when, 
as a belligerent over the centuries, 
we have been among the foremost in 
asserting and exercising the foil 
amplitude of the right of visitation 
against neutral merchant shipping. 

I am. Sir, your obedient servant 

16 Southover High Street, 



January 20. 


Just as Danish MPs were 
throwing out the package of 
reforms agreed by EEC ministers 
■ [at Luxembourg last month, the 

• Community was proudly pre- 
senting the results of an opinion 

poll which showed that most 
. Europeans predicted a good year 
for the Twelve in 1 986. So much 
for public opinion. The two 
developments are not mutually 
exclusive; bat the battle of 
Copenhagen, whatever its out- 
come, does not bring on a vision 
of prosperity and peace. 

Last month's “Luxembourg 

• compromise” was modest 
enough - too modest for many 
including the European Parlia- 
ment The measures were not 
agreed without the usual diffi- 

, • iculties over agreeing anything in 
. ‘Brussels — and it is easy to see 
why the other eleven are less 
than enthusiastic about starting 
all over a gwn Few can envy foe 
/Danish foreign minister Mr Uffe 
<■ jEUemann-Jensen as he trudges 
round the capitals of the Conti- 

nent (he was in London last 
night), trying to persuade his 
unsympathetic colleagues to 
accept some modifications. So 
what do we do?; t : 

We might not need to do very 
much at alL If the Danes can 
agree upon foe date of their EEC 
referendum- (they-; were even 
having trouble, over that yester- 
day) the Government might win 
foe majority it. seeks - then put 
the reforms once more before a 
chastened parliament for the 
ratification they heed. The 
results of a referendum would be 
touch and go - but an opinion 
poll has shown a smatt majority 
in favour. : _ 

The average Dane is no more 
enthusiastic than the average 
Briton about the loss of identity 
* and wasteful bureaucracy which 
Brussels is seen to represent. But 
he has more reason to appreciate 
the economic benefits which his' 
country has derived from mem- 
bership. - - • - . 

But what if Danish voters say 
“no”? Denmark cannot be 
thrown out of foe Community 
however irritating it may be, 
because no expulsion machinery 
exists. But that could lead to 
economic decline and a loss of 
status which no government 
would undertake lightly. More- 
over with a Community of 
Twelve the question is one 
which could arise again before 
too long - involving someone 
else next time. Ironically it was 
partly to avoid- situations like 
this that reforms were called for 
in the first place. 

A failure to win Danish 
approval would probably hasten 
foe development of a two-team 
Community with the Danes and 
others like them in foe. second 
team. To some, this develop- 
ment would be less than ideal - a 
second-class European dream. 
But there must be a limit to how 
long foe tail is allowed to wag foe 
dog - or even restrict its 
progress. ... 

Unease among nurses 

From the President of the Royal 
College of Nursing of the United 

Sir, The Chairman of the Hammer- 
smith and Queen Charlotte's Special 
Health Authority (January 17) 
clearly has different views to the 
Royal College of Nursing on how the 
NHS should be managed, but he 
offers little to justify or substantiate 

Individual managerial responsi- 
bility as opposed to the traditional 
consensus approach, he says, 
“should help to eliminate foe 
excessive professional pride . . . that 
has hindered the management of 
certain disciplines . . . ”. But where 
the care and wellbeing of patients is 
concerned, can there really be such a 
thing as excessive professional pride? 

Mr Bland refers to “logical units 
of management”. But whose logic? 
The 1982 reorganisation of the NHS 
established, we think logically, that 
units of management should be 
based on patient groups rather than 
on manag ement convenience; so 
that, for example, mental handicap, 
psychiatry, community and geriatric 
care would not be lumped together 
with major acute hospital responsi- 
bilities because such a grouping was 
a recipe for foe neglect of those 
“Cinderella” minorities. 

Not all health authorities have 
abandoned these principles nor the 
nursing structures that served them, 
but enough have for the RCN 
legitimately now to ask that the 
Government issues a proscriptive 
circular on nursing setting out the 
basic parameters within which 
general managers should operate. 

Underlying Mr Bland’s letter is an 
assumption that nurses should stay 
at the bedside and leave manage- 
ment to “lay" managers, but the 
Royal College of Nursing opposes 
this utterly, as did Florence Night- 
ingale 125 years ago: “What cruel 
mistakes", foe wrote, 
axe sometimes made by benevolent men 
and women in matters of business about 
which they can know nothing and think 
they know a great deal. The everyday 
management of a large ward, let alone of 
a hospital - the knowing what are the 
laws of life and death for men. and what 
the laws of health for wards (and wards 

A Channel tunnel 

From Mr C. K. Partington 
Sir, Today the successful tender for 
the construction of the Channel 
tunnel was announced. Assum ing 
that it is ever completed and 
becomes a commercial success, the 
future of cross-Channel ferry oper- 
ators may be uncertain. If this were 
so. there may come a time when a 
substantial reduction, or even 
elimination of the ferry fleets, 
becomes an economic reality. 

As I understand it. the future 
reinforcement of BAOR in the event 
of potential or actual hostilities is 
very heavily dc— *ndent on the 
requisition and r 'lion of ferries 
to, transport th jvier military* 

equipment to t If the ferry 

fleets have been ii muni shed through 
economic necessity, what is to 
happen to the reinforcement of 
BAOR in these circumstances? It 
would be naive to expect that a 
potential enemy will allow the 
unrestricted use of a Channel tunnel 
for these purposes. 

Yours faithfullv, 


6 Gascony Avenue, 

Kilburn, NW6. 

January 20. 

From Mr Chris Foulkes 
Sir. The Government announced 
today the approval of plans for a 
fixed rail link between England and 
France. Could this not be set as the 
deadline for the abolition of customs 
controls between our two countries? 
Yours faithfullv. 


7 Hungerford Road, N7. 

January 20. 

From Mr Martin Murphy 
Sir, Before Mrs Thatcher and 
President Mitterrand commit us 
irrevocably to their hubristic 
Channel scheme they would do well 
to ponder the fate of Xerxes, another 
autocrat, whose defiance of nature in 
“yoking Neptune's flowing 
Bosporus" (Aeschylus, Persae 747) 
brought upon him the divine 
retribution. The god of the Channel 
may yet have the last laugh. 

Yours sincerely, 


58 Stratford Street, Oxford. 

January 19. 

From Mr Laurence Colter ell 
Sir, Well, the Channel tunnel will 
not be the first Anglo-French 
operation to terminate at Waterloo. 
Yours faithfully, 


121 St Paul’s Wood Hill, 

St Paul’s Cray, Kent. 

January 21. 

are beallby or unhealthy mainly 

according to the knowledge or ignorance p . , 

of the nurse) - are not these maners of Rngllififinilg 6CD06S 
sufficient importance and difficulty to 
require learning by experience and 
careful inquiry, just as much as any other 

Yours faithfully, 

SHEILA QUINN, President. 
Royal College of Nursing of the 
United Kingdom, 

20 Cavendish Square, W I. 
January 20. 

Doctors 9 exams 

From Dr R. H. Soper 
Sir. The chief examiner of the Royal 
College of General Practitioners, Dr 
Andrew Belton, has launched a 
bitter attack on the quality of 
knowledge of GP trainees (report, 
January 10). Dr Belton says that 
most candidates were unable to 
construct a logical argument, most 
were unable to demonstrate any 
critical appreciation of drug trials, 
most did not appear to read medical 
journals and a high number of 

Trial for fraud 

From Mr Nicholas Bridges-Adams 
Sir. The fundamental arguments for 
retaining juries in fraud trials would 
seem to be unanswerable. Quite 
apart from the place that the right to 
trial by jury bolds in our traditional 
liberties, the removal of this right in 
fraud cases would create a most 
invidious distinction between those 
charged with this type of offence and 
those charged with other offences. 

The definition of fraud for the 
purpose of denying the right to trial 

candidates had a poor knowledge of by jury could also in practice prove 
how to manag e chronic disease. difficult. There is also the difficulty 

caused by the feet that most fraud 
cases turn on determining whether 
or not an individual was or was not 

For many years now judges have 
been directing juries on foe basis 
that in determining this question 

However, 74 per cent of GP 
trainees who take the college exam 
pass it and are admitted as 
members. It would seem, therefore, 
that Dr Belton is of the view that 
nearly three-quarters of new college 

members are far from competent 
practitioners. The college is, 
therefore, either guilty of hypocrisy 
or Dr Belton’s remarks are grossly 

Yours sincerely, 


73 Foraham Road. 

Bury St Edmunds, 


January 10. 

From the Pro- Vice-Chancellor of The 
City University 

Sir, The article on the ironclad HMS 
Warrior in the column. “On this 
day" (January 13) pointed to the 
interest your Victorian readers had 
in the engineering issues of the day. 
For most of the second half of the 
nineteenth century your columns 
were frill of the details of the 
design and performance of railways, 
bridges, ships, boilers, machines. 

Those articles were not super- 
ficial; for example, there was a 
furious argument conducted through 
your pages on the technical merits of 
the Belleville boiler when it was 
proposed for naval use. 

The equivalent today would be 
months of major articles and 
technical analyses supported by 
facts, figures and the detailed results 
of experiments, and accompanied by 
forious letters to the Editor from 
both experts and laymen as they 
pursued the arguments with Hesel- 
tinish passion. 

There are many contemporary 
engineering issues to argue about: 
for example, you might care to pick 
up the “thin ship v fet ship" 
argument over the design of naval 
frigates that is beginning to surface 


How your Victorian readers 
feasted on such fere. What is it that 


JANUARY 23 1863 

London ’s first underground railway 
the Metropolitan ran from Paddington 
to Farringdan Street and was opened 
on January 9. Designed by John fSir) 
Fowler it was regarded as one of the 
marvels of the age. although many of 
those living in the streets above it had 
nervous visions of their houses 
collapsing on to the line. (Punch had a 
Leech cartoon showing a stoker's head 
appearing through the floor in a 
kitchen saying: “ Excuse me, marm. but 
can you TAige me with a scuttle o ' coal, 
as the water in the hengine has gone off 
the boil?”) 


Tbe success with which this new line 
is working, as faros it con yet be judged 
by its great and increasing traffic 
returns, has up to the present infinitely 
surpassed the expectations of its 
promoters. Even when allowing a most 
liberal margin for the numbers of 
merely curious visitors anxious to see 
tbe line for the first time, the present 
daily returns are still nearly one-third 
greater than were anticipated. In fact, 
though the numbers are by no m«ang 
too large to please the Company, or 
even as large as they no doubt will be 
when the whole working arrangements 
are complete - when extra trains are 
running, and, above all, when tbe 
public get used to the speed and 
convenience of this main artery of 
communication - yet, for the present 
the rush of passengers eager to be 
conveyed overtaxes the resources of a 
line so new and so exceptional in 
character as to require the most 
vigilant superintendance Till all is in 
full working order. Just now plant, 
engines, and officials are overworked; 
and in the case of the engines this has 
resulted sometimes Li the sulphurous 
gas being drawn from the fires and 1st 
into the tunnel in sufficient quantities 
to make it most unpleasant to the 
officials, and even, though of course in 
less degree, to the passengers 
themselves. This inconvenience is not 
so muck due to the condensers of the 
engines being too small as the fact of 
the trains being too large. The engines 
were built to work well and condense all 
their steam with ordinary trains of 
three or four carriages. Now the trains 
have more carriages than these, and all 
of them are absolutely crammed; so 
that much more steam is used to draw 
them than the condensers can possibly 
condense, and the driver is obliged to 
exhaust into the funnel - a process 
which draws the gas from the furnace 
and sets it loose in the covered way, to 
the annoyance of every one. New 
engines with very large condensers 
have already been ordered, and till 
these are ready the passengers will have 
to put up with whatever inconvenience 
the use of the prerant engines cctaiL It 
is impossible, while the passenger 
traffic continues as high as it is now, 
that any of the engine? can be spared 
from the line to haw their contbnscra 
enlarged, for they are under steam 
nearly 18 hours out of the -A, and Li 
spile of every arrangement passengers 
have often to be left behind at 
intermediate stations in the morning, 
the train being filled at starting. The 
unexpected jjgpularity of the line has, 
as we have said, been almost too much 
for its resources. On last Sunday there 
were 33,000 passengers, or about the 
maximum number that the Crystal 
Palace line ever takes down to 
Norwood and hack even on the most 
crowded daw. Of course, with the 
reduced hours of working on Sundays, 
it would nave been quite impossible to 
gat this great number up and down the 
,ine had the quarter-hour intervals 
between the trains been adhered to. 
The first concession made on this day 
was to run the trains at seven -and-a- 
half minute intervals, but even this was 
found insufficient . and it was 
eventually necessary lo start them, 
both east and west, at four-minute 
intervals between each. We venture to 
think that there is no valid reason 
whatever why the regular five minute 
intervals should not be resorted to 
during certain hours of the weekdays 
when the passengers are most 
numerous and most eager to be off. The 
whole line, it should be remembered, 
was constructed for five-minute trains 
and the stations purposely so placed 
that with trains running £t this interval 
apart there would always be two clear 
stations between each - a distance that 
would render collision accidents almost 
impossible. In the same way the system 
of mechanical signals was devised at a 
considerable outlay' of trouble end 
ingenuity. These signals are about tbe 
best and most efficacious of this kind 
that have ever been invented. They are 
so arranged that while any signalman 
can put them on to “danger” they 
cannot possibly be taken off but el the 
station to which the train is going . . . 

... As might be expected from the 
success which so far attended tbe 
opening of the first part of the line, :t is 
intended to lose no time in pushing its j 
main length into the very heart of the 1 
city near Moorgnte-street- This portion 
from the terminus at Faningdon-street 
a little over three-quarters of a mile, 
and will be made in two branches; one 
intersects HoIbom-hilL or rather 
Skinner-street, and continues its 
course due south wnh»r the site of the 
old Fleet Prison to effect a junction 
with the Chatham and Dover line, 
which is to cross the Thames ex 
Blackfriars. The other, and the more 
important branch - in fact, the main 
line, is to be continued in a cutting 
through the ground north of Smith field 
and south of Charterhouse-square, 
beneath the Barbi can, into Finsbury, 
terminating in an ample station, nearly 
acre in extent, at the hack of 
Moor-gate- street, on the west side. - • 

they must apply foe standards of prevents foe great-gran dchfldren of 
ordinary people. The sta n d ar ds of these Victorians from sharing in the 

assessors sitting with a judge would 
not necessarily be those of ordinary 
men .and women and might 
conceivably in certain circumstances 
be less stringent 
Yours fitilhfully, 


4 Verulam Buildings, 

Grays Inn, WC1. 

excitement of engineering except 
when they encounter it in a 

Yours faithfully, 


Pro- Vice-Chancellor, 

The City University, 

Department of Systems Science, 
Northampton Square, EC1, 

Staying power 

From the Reverend G. Mackenzie 
Sir, I do not know whether this 
qualifies or not as an answer to Mr 
Butler’s question in his letter to you 
today (January 16). But, on foe rare 
occasions when I have to visit my 
bishop, I still wear the suit, issued to 
me in 1945, when I was de-mobbed 
from foe Army. 

It was made specially for me by a 
clerical outfitters when I refused to 

accept, as unsuitable for a clergy- 
man. the clothes they proposed to 
issue me, which were more suiicW- 
for a bookie! 

Yours faithfully, 


21 The Martlets 
West Chiltmgton 
Pul bo rough 
West Sussex 
January 16. 








January 22: The Duke of Kent. 
Colonei-in-Chief of The Royal 
Regiment of Fusiliers, this evening 
tisifed C Company of the 5th 
Battalion at Balham. London SW12. 

Captain CampbeU-Lamenon was 
in attendance. 

The Prince of Wales. Trustee of the 
Royal Academy Trust, ac- 

companied by the Princess of 
Wales. Will attend the Beethoven 
gala concert in the Reynolds 
exhibition at the Royal Academy of 
Am on February 25. 

Birthdays today 

Mr A. M. Davis. 44:' Lord Denning. 
$7: Mr Bill Gibb. 43: Sir John 
Grensidc. 65: Sir Harold Hood. 70. 
Sir Arthur Lewis. 71: Sir James 
Lrghthill. 62; His Honour J. F. 
Marnan. QC. 78; Miss Jeanne 
Moreau. 58: Lord Straihcarron. 62. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr J. R. W«iis 

and the Hon Jane Bernstein 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan, son of Mr and 
Mrs Arnold Wells, of New York, 
and Jane, daughter of Lord and 
Lady Bernstein of Leigh. Kent. 

Captain P. J. Allison, RTR 
and Miss R. Millington 
The engagement is announced 
between Patrick James, younger son 
of Major M. J. AJIfson.MBE (retd] 
and Mrs Allison, of 4 The Tennis. 
Cassington. Oxford, and Rebecca, 
youngest dauthter of Dr and Mrs 
Douglas Millington, of 278 Rocky 
Lane. Great Barr. Birmingham. 

Mr P. I. Appleton 
and Miss K. P. Moodie 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip Jdson. elder son of 
Ronald and Simone Appleton, of 62 
Natal Road. Southgate. London, 
and Katherine Penelope, second 
daughter of Douglas and Margaret 
Moodie. or 26 Mu nay field Road, 

Mr J. E. Garda 
and Miss C. F. P. A. Coll 
The engagement is announced 
between Jorge, son of the late Mr J. 
Garcia and' of Mrs Garcia, of 
Barcelona, and Giselle, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Xavier 
Coll, also of Barcelona. Spain. 

>1r M. A. Heggie 
and Miss J. A. Bartlc 
The engagement is announced 
between Martin, youngest son of Mr 
and Mrs B. E. Heggie. of Truro. 
Cornwall, and Josephine, daughter 
of Major and Mrs R. A. Bartic. of 
West Lu I worth, Dorset. 

Dr D. M. Holt 

and Miss D. M. A. Prcedy 

The engagement is announced 

between David, son of Mr and Mrs 

N. Holt, of Kirkheaton. Yorkshire. 

and Diana, eldest daughter of Mr 

and Mrs G. A. Prcedy. of Ashtcad. 


Mr B. Kerr 

and Miss S. M. Bruce Lockhart 
The engagement is announced 
between Bruce Kerr, of Edinburgh, 
and Sheila, only daughter of Mr R. 
N. Bruce Lockhart, of Hove. Sussex. 
3nd Mrs M. G. Alford, of 

Dr S. L. Morris 
and MissS. K. Darwin 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon Leo. son of Mr and 
Mrs F. K. Morris, of 161 Prcsibury 
Road, Cheltenham. Gloucestershire, 
and Sophia Katherine, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs H. G. 
Darwin, of 30 Hereford Square. 
London. SW7. 

Mr R. D. Cherry 
and Miss S. M. G. Read 
The engagement is announced 
between Roland Cherry, of Rick- 
niansworth. and Shirley Read, of 

Mr I. D. Marc bant 
and Miss E. H. Anderson 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian Derek, son of MisR. 
Marrhani. of Purley. Surrey, and Mr 
D. W. Merchant, and Elizabeth 
Helen, daughter of Mr and Mrs L. E. 
Anderson, of Shipley. West York- 

Mr S. R. O'Brien 
and Mis* G. M. To wnsbend 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen RothwelL only son 
of Mr and Mns D. H. O'Brien, of 
High Clca barrow. Windermere. 
Cumbna. and Gemma Mary, elder 
daughter of Major and Mrs’ O. W. 
Tounshend. of Short lands. Brom- 
ley. Kent. 

MrS. Paynter 
and Miss J. R- Dann 
The engagement is announced 
between Steve Paynter. of Bath, 
only son of Mr and Mrs A. D. 
Paynter. and Jennie, elder daughter 
of Mr and Mrs A. J. Dann. of 

Mr M. J. Rylands 
and Deaconess A. C. Byrom 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, younger son of 
Canon and Mrs Michael Rylands. of 
Haughton Thom. Tarporley. 
Cheshire, and Amanda, eldest 
daughter of Mr Peter Byrom and of 
Mrs Norma Byrom. Hayford Hall 
Lodge. Bucklasilcigh. Devon. 

Mr P. A. Taylor 
and Miss K, T. Somervell 
The engagement is announced 
between Patrick Antony, youngest 
son or the late Mr A. M. Taylorand 
of Mrs Taylor, of Windermere. 
Cumbria, and Theresa, only daugh- 
ter of the late Mr R. A. SomervcfL 
and of Mrs Somervell, of Femhursi 
Road. London. SW6. 

Mr N. Thomas 
and Frdulein B. Mauser 
The engagement is announced 
between Nigel, son of the late Mr 
and Mrs C. Thomas, of Kensington. 
London, and Brigitia. daughter of 
Herr and Frau A. Mauser, of Graz. 

Mr W. Wake 

and Miss J. D. A. Williams 
The engagement is announced 
between William, youngest son of 
Mr Roger Wake, of Newton. North 
UisL and Mrs Olwen Wake, of 
White Roding. Essex, and Jehanne. 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs James 
Hamilton Williams, of Curlisden 
Green. Kent. 

Latest wills 

Mr John Anthony Clark, ol 
Street. Somerset, chairman of C. & 
J. Clark Ltd. the shoemakers. 1467- 
74. High Sheriff of Somerset 1970. 
and chairman of the Somerset and 
Bath Police Authority and vice- 
chairman of the Avon and Somerset 
Police Authority, left estate valued 
at £1.1 12.905 net. 

Mrs Dorothy Dora YVakeliug, ol 
Hove. East Sussex, left estate valued 
at £438.563 net. She lefi personal 
legacies totalling £108.500. includ- 
ing £35.000 for the purchase of a 
social serv ices bus or ambulance, for 
use by disabled people, preferably 
operating in Brighton. Hove and 

Twamley, Mr Benjamin Charles, ol 
Kingston upon Thames. Surrey, left 

estate valued at... .£503.030 net 

Batten. Mr Cyril George, of Ware. 
Hertfordshire, company director 


Ford, Mr Wilfred Percy, of Hilcou. 

Pcwsey. Wiltshire .". £340.207 

Wi/1 ink, Mr Derek Edward, ol 

Kendal. Cumbria- £339.203 

Mailaber. Mr Percy John Edwin, ol 
Wychnor. Afrcwas. Staffordshire 


Rogers. Mr Basil Parker, ol 
Llandcnny. Usk. Gwent £31 1 .400 

Cass. Mabel, of Kcw. Surrey 


Parkinson. Emma Catherine, ol 

Liverpool 18 £301.614 

Bishop. Mr Joseph Wesley, of Rhyl. 

Clwyd — £284.007 

Emicott, Mr Peter John Edward, ol 

Bnoadstairs. Kent .£234.025 

Jefferson. Colonel Francis Joseph. 

of Brookwood. Surrey £222.542 

Corrigan. Mr Eugene, of Brox- 

boume. Hertfordshire £203.949 

Moore. Mrs Hilda Louise, of 
Weston super Mare. Avon £200,77 1 
Coode- Adams, Mr Geoffrey, of 
Great Sampford. Essex, farmer and 

solicitor £460,189 

Cohen. Mr Hyam Anthony, of 
Temple Fortune. London..£79 3,270 
Gould. Mr Herbert Claud, of 
Sunningdale. Berkshire .....£332.367 
Lewis, Mr John Herbert, of Little 
Gaddesdcn. Hertfordshire £443.263 
Nickels. Mr Colmar Rawson. of 

Highlown. Liverpool £699.791 

Brown. Mr Rev, of Halifax. West 

Yorkshire £689,76 1 

Bnckmaster, Agnes Nloniigue. of 

Linslade. Bedfordshire £665.691 

Freeman. Mr Clement Sydney of 

Ruthin. Clwyd £473.01 3 

McAllister. Mrs Ida May. of 

Rcigatc. Surrey £458.234 

Scott. Mr Michael, of Hammer- 
smith. London £412.928 



If 5 hardly surprising that we’re not on speaking terms with 
Furniture Rerailers. We refuse to supply them, because their 
running costs are too high, and you’d have to pay much more 
for one of our suites it you bought it in a shop. 

We only sell direct to you, so we ran use the best materials 
and employ the finest craftsmen and still make shop prices look 

What's more we're happy to guarantee a full refund if you are 
not entirely happy— because we know you will be, even though rhe 
retailers won’t, 

rflfiuc senj me vour (wc Culotir liodiuir plus hoc feather sample T/23/7”] 

*0445 771535 . i 



PpjKvJe — ■ • — — ■ — ■ ■ 


Mr Richard Stanley, grandson of the man who tracked down Dr Livingstone, the explorer, 
with some of the pieces to be sold at Christie’s on March 25 (Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 

Stanley’s snuff box to be sold 

By Geraldine Norman. Sale Room Correspondent 

It was in the area of Lfjiji on 
Lake Tanganyika that Stanley 
found Dr Livingstone in the 
jungle and greeted him with the 
immortal words; " Dr Living- 
stone. t presume". 

The gold and diamond 
encrusted snuff box presented 
to him by Queen Victoria in 
recognition of "the prudence 
and zeal" he displayed in 
finding the explorer has been 
sent for sale at Christie's by his 
grandson. Mr Richard Stanley, 
with medals awarded to him for 
his exploits and other memor- 

Queen Victoria's box bears 
her initials on a deep blue 
enamel medallion bordered by- 
diamonds and circled by a gold 
laurel wreath while the span- 

drels axe filled with diamond set 
roses, thistles and shamrocks. 

Inside the lid an inscription 
records her pleasure in his 
successful meeting with 
Livingstone "thus relieving the 
general anxiety felt in regard to 
the fate of that distinguished 

The Worshipful Company of 
Turners admitted Stanley to the 
freedom of their company for 
the same achievement and the 
silver gilt badge and ribbon they 
gave him is also to be sold as is 
rite silver medal awarded him 
by the Belgian Geographical 
Society in 1878 commemorat- 
ing his discovery of the Congo 
river and the meeting with 

Stanley led a Belgian ex- 

pedition to the Congo between 
1879 and 1884 which resulted 
in the creation of the Congo 
Free State under the sovereignty 
of Belgium. He received Belgian 
decorations and medals includ- 
ing the Order of Leopold. 

Stanley's last daring exploit 
was the relief of Emin Pasha, 
governor of the Equatorial 
province of the Sudan which 
took the two years 1887-1889. 
Among the honours this won 
him were an unique gold medal 
from the Royal Scottish Geo- 
graphical Society, and gold 
medals from the Royal Scottish 
Geographical Society, the Royal 
Geographical Society of An- 
twerp. the Italian Geographical 
Society and the Emin Relief 
Expedition Star. 


Byron Society 

Mr lan Scolt-Kiivcrt presided at a 
reception held Iasi night by the 
Byron Society at the Royal 
Institution of Great Britain. Pro- 
fessor Malcolm Kclsall and Mr Paul 
Fool spoke afterwards on “The 
Politics of Byron and Shelley", and 
vote of thanks was proposed by 
Mr J. Drummond Bone. 


Prime Minister 

The Prime Minister and Mr Denis 
Thatcher “-ere hosts at a dinner last 
night at 1 Q Downing Street in 
honour of Mr Shimon Peres. Prime 
Minister of Israel. The other guests 

The Ambassador or Israel amd Mn Avner. 
Ceneral AOrahlm Tamil. Mr Slmctta DlnJLz- 
Mr Vnluyanu Anug. Dr NUnrod Solicit. 
Mr L'nct Sa\ lr. Colonel Azrtrt N«v o. Mr and 
Mrs Moshe Ravi*: Sir Geoffrey Howe. QC, 
MP. and Lady Howe. Mr Leon BrtIUn. QC. 
MF»aiid Mrs Britton. Sir Keith Joseph. MP. 
Uie Chief Rah Ed and Lady Jakobovlts. Uie 
Bishop ot Birmingham and Mrs Monlcftore. 
Lord WeMcnFeid. Lord and Lady Mlshron. 
Lord SJeff ot Brimrton. Ihe Hon CrcvUJo 
Janner. MP. and Mrs Jannor. the Hon 
Jacob and Mrs Rothschild. Mr Julian 
ornery. MP. Peter Thomas. OC MP. Sir 
fealofi Berlin. OM. and Lady Berlin, sir 
Yehudi and Lady Menuhin. Sir George arid 
Lady Jefferson. Mr Michael LaUiam. MP. 
and Mn Latham. Dr John Blackburn MP. 
and Mn BUcxbum. Mr han Lawrence. 
MP. and Mis Lawrence. Mr and Mrs Stuart 
Young. Mr and Mrs Charles Wltson. Or and 
Mrs Lionel Kouetowia. Mr and Mn Trevor 
Cnuui. Mr and Mr* John Gardiner. Mr and 
Mrs Jonathan Lynn. Mr and Mn Marlin 
Gilbert. Sir Antony Actand. Mr C VV Saufre. 
MMS Carol Thatcher. Sir David And Lady 
Woifson and Mr and Mrs Charles Powell 

W oolmen's Company 
After the Alms Court meeting of the 
Wool men's Company held last 
night at Tallow Chandlers' Hall, the 
Master. Mr Patrick Gilbert, and 
Wardens entertained liverymen and 
their guests at dinner. The 
Archbishop of Canterbury . the Hon 
Douglas Hurd. Secretary of State for 
the Home Department, and Mr 
Derek Paltinson were the speakers. 
The other guests included the 
Bishop of Bradford. Sir Benjamin 
Slade, the Master of the Engineers' 
Company and Mr Alderman Clive 

Company of Actuaries 
The Company of Actuaries held a 
court dinner last night at Skinners' 
Hall. The Master, Mr J. R. Haigh, 
presided, and the principal speaker 
was Mr J. M. Macharg. President ot 
the Faculty of Actuaries. Professor 
S. P. l_ Kennedy also spoke. 

Royal Society 
for .Asian Affairs 

Lord Denham. President of the 
Royal Society for Asian Affairs. 
presided at the annual dinner held 
last night at the Savoy Hotel. The 
toast of the guests was proposed by 
the president and the Ambassador 
of Japan replied. Field Marshal Sir 
Edwin Bramall and Sir Michael 
Wilford also spoke. 

London House 

The annual dinner for the Com- 
bined Faculties was held last night 

at London House. Mr J. P. G. 
Wathen presided and the principal 
guests included the Duke of 
Norfolk. Lord and Lady Scebohm. 
the Warden of Rhodes House and 
Mrs Fletcher, ihe Director of New 
England College and Mrs Nummela. 
Air Commodore H. F. Renton. 
Professor R. Farr and Mrs Wathen. 

Latest appointments 

The appointment of Mr Simon 
Bowes Lyon as Lord Lieutenant of 
Hertfordshire was announced yes- 

Mr Bowes Lyon, aged 53. 
succeeds Major General Sir George 
Burns who retires on January 29. his 
seventy-fifth birthday, after holding 
the appointment for 25 yean. 

Mr Bowes Lyon, who lives near 
Hitchin. is a director of companies 
and an investment manager. He 
takes pan in running his family's 
farm and is active in conservation 

His father. Sir David Bowes 
Lyon, was Lord Lieutenant until his 
death in 1961. 

The Lord Chancellor and the 
Lord .Advocate have appointed Miss 
Jean Horsham. CBE and Mr 
Michael Rush to be members of the 
Council on Tribunals for three years 
from February II. 

Mr William Whitfield to be a 
trustee of the British Museum, in 
succession to Sir Denys Lasdun. . 

Memorial services 

Mr R. Graves 

The Spanish Ambassador was 
represented by Senor Don J. I. 
Benavides Lopcz-Escobar at a 
memorial service for Mr Robert 
Graves held yesterday at St James's. 
Piccadilly. The Rev Donald Reeves 
officiated and Brigadier A. C. 
Vivian. Colonel of the Royal Welch 
Fusiliers, read (he lesson. Mr John 
Wain. Honorary Fellow of St John's 
College. Oxford, read poems by 
Robert Graves and Mr Julian 
Glover gave an address. Among 
others present were: 

Mr* Crjirt iwldowi. Mr and Mr* Samuel 
Grave*. Mr and Mrs William Gra* « and Mr 
and Mr* Juan Graves isona and dauafiiera- 
In-lawi. Mr Tomas Grave* isont. Mrs 
Catherine Odilon and Miss Lucia Graves 

■dauohlcral. David Grave*. Llewellyn 
Craves. Miss Cordells Dalian. Dr RosaJeen 
Cooper isrneri. Mr Paul Cooper. Simon and 
Ben Cooper. Mr* Richard ChDver. Mr and 
Mr* Simon Gough. Mr and Mr* Paul 
Good chi Id. Mr and Mn D Kino. Mr and Mn 
H Pritchard. Mr and Mr* W Pritchard. Ihe 
Rev Colin and Mrs Pritchard. Mr M 
Pritchard. Mr C H Pritchard. Mr James 
Pritchard. Miss Ruth Prilchard. Mis* Mary 
Prilchard Miss Jane Prilchard. Mr Adrian 
Grave*. Mr and Mrs Don Cooper. Mr* LUv 
Cooper. Mm c Cooper. Mr 5 Cooper. Mr M 
Cooper. Mr and Mrs Marun Frceih and Mr 
Tony Freelh. 

The Right Rev Edmund Capper. Lady 
MancroTt. Lord Marks of Brougnlon. Lady 
MokHty. Lady Astley. Lady Huxley. Lady 
Uddril Han. Sir Victor Pritchett. Motor 
General Sir Maurice Dowse. Sir Raymond 
Firth. Mr* A C Vivian. Mr Peter 

Attenborough (Headmaster of Oiarter- 
iwuscl Mr and Mr* Ted Hughe*. Cotonel W 
Benvon. Dr Kathleen Ralnc. Dr and Mrs 
Michael CranL Mr Laurie Lee. Mr Beverley 
Cross and MW Maggie Smith.. Miss Ay* 
Gardner. Mr and Mr* Sptkc Milligan. Miss 
Judy Campbell. Mr Marie Le Famj Society 
of Authorsi. Mr PatrtrK Kuliev iBidtalo 
University/. Mr Peler QueiineU. Mrs 
Michael Retph. Mrs U Vauohan williams. 
Dr and Mrs DAL Jenkins. Dr Janet Adam 
Smith. Mia Wendy Toye. Mrs Jane Aiken - 
Hodge. Dr Joanna Hod pc. Miss Isabel 
Qutgtey. Mr and Mrs Martin Kenyon. Mr 
and Mrs Alan sail toe. Mr David SiliHoe. Mr 
Alan Martin 1 Ed ward Thomas Fellowship!. 
Mr Anthony Frotrc Marreco. Mr Reginald 
Spink. Mr John Garralt Dr and Mrs SI B 
Eastwood. Dr and Mrs J 8 Eastwood. Mias 
Clare Eastwood. Mns Honor WyalL Mn, 
Kavr Webb. Dr T C Cave. Mrs John Wain. 
Mr Prior Levi (Professor of Poetry. Oxford 
University >■ Mns Edna O'Brien. Mr Peter 
BooddnovKh. Mr John Bodley (Fater and 
Faber u Mr Paul Keegan (Penguin Booksi. 
Mr* R Atrlie. Mrs Lira Banks. Mr and Mrs B 
Carman. Mrs Caroline « Estradas. AOs* V 
Romboui. Mr* Wondy Bridge rn an (Arts 
aubi. Mr and Mn F Col), Mr Gordon 
Taylor. Mrs L PleydeikSouverie. Mr lan 
Trrpartban Jen kin. Mr M verney. Mr 
Michael SummerskW. Mrs M Berger. Mr 
and Mr T S Matthew*. Mr Michael 
Homiman. Mrs Eileen Hawkins. Mr Terry 
Hands. Mrs Jill Handy. Mr and Mrs lan 
Eraser. Mr and Mrs A FTecth. Mrs H d* 
Bray. Mr N Drake. , . 

Miss Elrtys Roberts. Mrs Joanna Simon. 
Miss Helena Simon. Miss Julie Simon. Mr 
Christopher Simon. Mr Marlin Tallent*. Mr 
R Smlllie. Mr and Mrs B Taborskl. Mr 
Martin Wcedon. Miss Cordelia Weedon. 
Mbs Fiona weedon. Mr Rod Mail ana Mis 
Linda Shauqh n esay (A P waiu. Mr Robert 
hitman (Cassell and Company). Mr 
Anthony Wnitlome (Century Hutchinson). 
Mho Kim Scott Woiwyn 1 Oxl old university 
Press 1. Mr Anthony Roto. Mias Nancy 
Passmore. Dr Don and Dr OllUao Gau. Mrs 
C cute*. Mr Desmond Flower and Mr and 
Mr* Graeme Ftf* 

Sir Neil Marten 

The Prime Minister read the second 
lesson at a service of thanksgiving 
for ihe life and work of Sir Neil 
Marten held yesterday ai St 
Margaret's. Westminster. Canon 
Trevor Beeson officiated. Mr 
Anthony Marten, son read the first 
lesson and Sir Edward du Cann. 
MP, gave an address. The Speaker 
and ihe Lord Privy ScaJ attended. 
Mr Edward Heath. MP. was 
represented by Mr Andrew Rowe. 
MP, and ihe Secretary of State for 
Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs 
by Mr Timothy Raison. MP. Others 
present included: 

Lady Marten 'wMowl. Mr and Mr* P J 
Mcynrii and Mr and Mrs M Gibson isons-ln- 
law and daughierai. Mrs Anthony Morten 
/daughter in-law;. Marten Mcyneii > grand - 
son 1. Mr and Mrs Andrew Johnston 
1 brother- in- law and sfcUeri. Ueutenant- 
Commander and Mrs John Lake (brotner- 
ln-iaw and stster-ln-lawt. Miss Catherine 
Lako. Mr* Anne Price. Mr ana Mr* Peter 
Marten. Mr HedJey Marten. Mr and Mrs 
Michael Leather*. Mr Richard Leathers. Mr 
and Mrs Lan Crumble. Mr Alexander R 

The Norwegian Ambassador. Earl 
Fortescue. Lady Enroll and Hale. Lord Eden 
of Win ion. Lord Orr-Ewing. Lord 
BroxDoume. OC. Lord Harvlngton. Lord 
C.11 r of Hadley. Lord Elton. Lord 
BoordmaTv. Lord stodart of Lcaston. Lord 
Fanshawe of Richmond. Lady Peylan of 
YeOvtl. Lord Grim ond. Lora Maude a! 

Stratford-upon-Avon. Lord Fraser of 
Kllmorarfc. Lord Inglewood. Mr and Mr* 
Douglas Jay. Sir Bernard Brain*, MP. Mr 
Peter Thomas. OC. MP. Sir Peter Blaher. 
MP. Mr Julian Amcry. MP. Hr Francis 
Pym. MP. and Mr* Pvm. Mr Mark Carlisle. 
OC. MP. 

Mr Richared Luce. MP. and Mr* Lure. Mr 
Merlin Re**. MP. Mr Peler Thomas QC. 
MP. Sir Humphrey AkJUis. MP. and Lady 
Alkins. Lady Henrietta Rous, the Hon 

Timothy Salisbury. MP. Hie Hon Mrs 
Douglas Hurd. Sir Richard and Lady 
Thompson, Sir Robin Williams. Sir 
Anihony Meyer. MP. and Lady Meyer. 

Laav GoodharL Sir Dick Franks. Admiral 

Sir Roe McKalg. Sir Peter Scott (chairman. 

Angio-Norse Society]. Sir Antony Buck. QC, 

MP. Sir Brooks Richards /chairman. Special 

Force* aubi. Sir William Crawshay. Sir 
Geoffrey Ftnsberg. MP. Sir Gilbert 
Longden. Sir Kenneth Lewis. MP. Rear 

Admiral Sir Patrick and Lady Morgan. Sir 

Robin Vanderiell 1 secretary -general. 
Commonwealth Parliamentary Association 1 

wiln Mr Peler Cobb (secretary. LK branch) 

and Mr E j M Poller > Jersey branch). _ 

Sir John Blgps-Davbon. MP. Sir Parlck 
Rculy. Sir Douglas and Lady Dodds- Parker. 
Sir Richard Body. MP. and Lady Page, sir 
WUi am dark. MP. Sir Nigel Fisher. Str 

Petcr Emery. MP. Sir Kenneth Bradshaw 

■Clerk or the House of Commons). Sir 

Antony Adand (representing the Diplomatic 

Scrv k«L Sir William van Straubenne. MP. 
Sir John TTlnev. Sir David UdaerdaM. Sir 
Ml chart Shaw. MP. Sir John Ortiom. MP. 

and Lady Osbor n. Mr Oanlw Onslow. MP. 

■chairmen. 1922 Commuieei and Lady Juno 

Onslow. Mr R T S Macphertorv. Mrs 
Maurice Edcfnum. Mr Edward James. Mr 
and Mr* Peter Meyer. Mr william Ball. Mr 
JetlTey Acher. Mr R Alnscow. Mr John 
Bnanc Mrs E Furtcng. Mr and Mrs Andrael 
PanufnUt. Mator A Edgar (2nd Northamp- 
tonshire Yeomanry]. Mr D P Herbert 
/deputy chairman. Davies and Newman 

Holdings], Mr M W Valtance (headmaster. 

Bloxham Schootpi and Mr* Valiance, Mr 

R (resell Haris CLaw Sccloty TenntvOllbX Mr 
A S Plane (chairman, fswlnion Circle). Mr 
Harold Johansen (Perfrr SmeavMl 

Mr Ptiiuo Curito (Fielding Newson- 
Smilhi. with Mr Hugh Welchman/ Mrs 
Benv Hunt-Simmenson (representing 
Lolled Action for withdrawal from Uw 

Common Market). Canon and Mrs Mark 

MoynrtL Mr Peler John McynolL Mr Robert 

Adicy. MP. and Mr* Adley. Mr Toney 
Baidrv- MP. and Mr* BaMry. Mrs Tim 

Engar. Mr M/chori NouberL MP. Mr Jerry 

W login. MP. Mr J Whitfield. MP. Mr Bowen 
Wefts. MP. Mr Harry Greenaway. MP. Mr 
Toby Joteel. MP. and Mr* J easel. Mr Tam 
Dalyeii. MP. Mr DavM Crouch. MP. Mr 
Aiastair gooulm MP. Mr Robert Rhodes 

James MP. Mr John Stokes. MP. Mr David 

Hunt. MP. Mr Tony. DuranL MP. Mr 
Andrew Fauld*. MP. Mr Davlu a Mitchell. 
MP. Mr Michael Latham. MP. and Mr 
DavM Crouch. MP. 

Dean announces retirement 

By Our Religious Affairs Correspondent 

The Dean of Canterbury, ihe 
Very Rev Victor dc Waal, an- 
nounced his imemion io retire 
yesterday ai the age of 57. He said 
he wanted 10 return 10 academic life, 
and was undertaking several visiting 
lectures in Hamburg, Paris and 

He became dean in 1976. having 
previously been chancellor ol 
Lincoln Cathedral, (n his time at 
Canterbury he saw the opening of a 
new chapel, dedicated io contem- 
porary saints and martyrs, and the 
restoration of the Chair of St 

Augustine to its original central 

He was responsible for the 
arrangements for the enthronement 
of the Archbishop of Canterbury. Dr 
Robert Runeie. in 1980. and for the 
joint service which the archbishop 
and Pope John Paul fl held in the 
cathedral in 1982. 

The dc3D was at Pembroke 
College, Cambridge, and By 
Theological College, and received 
an honorary DD from Nottingham 
University in 1983. 

OBITUARY * .I tt T t ■*( 

Last GOC Palestine 

General Sir Gordon 
MacMillan of MacMillan, k<3, 
was killed in a car crash ©n 
January 2 1 at the age of 89. had 
a long and distinguished career 
as a fighting soldier at ail levels 

of command- . 

His t ears of service took him 
from the battlefields of the First 
World War where, as a junior 
officer he was threc umes 
decorated with the MC: through 
some of the principal theatres of 
the Second, during which be 
held brigade and divisional 
commands: to be the last GOC 
Palestine in the troubled hnal 
months of the British Mandate. 

MacMillan, who was Heredi- 
tary Chief of the C|an 
MacMillan, was not only a fine 
leader in the field, but aJso a 
good trainer. Though he drove 
his men hard he was popular 
with them, and was known by 
them, as well as his colleagues 
from earliest days, as "Babe- on 
account of his youthful appear- 

Gordon Holmes Alexander 
MacMillan was born at Banga- 
lore. Madras, on January 6. 
1897 and educated at St 
Edmund's School. Canterbury, 
before going to Sandhurst. He 
gained his commission in the 
Argyll and Sutherland High- 
landers in August 1915 and 
joined bis regiment in France 
three months later. 

From then on he took part in 
all the battles in which the 
Second Battalion was engaged. 
He distinguished himself bril- 
liantly in the field, becoming 
adjutant at only 20 and gaining 
the Military Cross and two 
Bars, one of the comparatively 
few officers to do so. 

At the ouiscl of the Second 
World War he was a major but. 
after several staff appointments 
got his chance to sec active 
service and thereafter rose 

In 1941 he was posted as 
Brigadier. General Staff to the 
9th Corps and played a notable 
pan in the invasion of North 
Africa and the advance on 
Tunis during which a good deal 
of the stifles! fighting fell to his 
corps. Three weeks before the 
fall of Tunis he became 
Brigadier. General Staff to the 
First Army. 

However, he itched for 

.. X 

Highlanders, taking comn, and 
during a heavy action on ^ 

river. He commanded 


division for the remaining U . lu 
weeks until, the German surrcn“ 

Following a period at the u 3r 
office he became the Iqm (\t\f 
Palestine in 1947. This 
difficult period with Hr- 
under his command laVik! 
substantial casualties i ro 5 
various terrorist groups m an 
atmosphere of fierce 4^ 
Jew ish communal strile. 

The GOC also had several 
narrow escapes himself. On one 
occasion a grenade exploded m 
Jeruslcm’s Street of Propheu 
only minutes after his staff car 
, , , .. had passed and on another hi* 

request he was released trom carw asblown.upbyrenu)ieh- 

siaff duty _and gtycn command con[ro )}cj mines and 
of the 12th Infant^ Brigade in wlth sniper fire 
time for the invasion of Sicily. 

He commanded this for a fcw 
days before taking over 152 
Inihnirr Brigade in the 5 1st 
(Highland) Division. This be 
led throughout the 8th Army s 

command and ai his urgent 
request he was released trom 


and rated 

sniper fire. MacMillan 

luckily was not in it. On several 
other occasions, too. he person- 
ally came under fire. 

When the Mandate ended m 
May. 1948. MacMillan was the 

acfvanre ftoni C ape Pawra'io to BnrthMMtenolcva 
the Straits of Messina and was MacMillan s latter appomi. 
appointed DSO and CBE for men is were asC-in-C Scottish 
distinguished services during Command and Governor of 
that and the North African Etiinburgh Casti^ 1949-52, 


in August 1943 MacMillan 
returned home to train the 1 5th 
(Scottish) Division for its part 
in the Normandy invasion. He 
led it through its landing on the 
beaches in June 1944 and 
throughout the heavy fighting 
which followed in the Nor- 
mandy bridgehead, but was 
wounded in the leg by shell 
splinters during the advance to 

the Seine in August and spent 
several months in hospital. 

However, he was not to be 
kept out of the fighting for long 
and returned to France in 
November in command of the 
49 th (West Riding) Division. 
Throughout his period of 
command the division was 
involved in the difficult and 
uncomfortable operations in the 
waterlogged country around 
Arnhem and Nijmegen. 

During the battle or the 
Rhine Bridgehead the com- 
mander of the 5 1st (Highland) 
Division. Major-General T- G. 
Rennie, an old colleague of 
MacMillan's, was killed by a 
mortar shclL and MacMillan 
was appointed 10 lead the 


John Gibbs, the baritone, 
who had been active at the 
Royal Opera and English 
National Opera, died after a 
short illness on January -1- He 
was 48. 

Gibbs was born in London 
and studied at the Royal 
Academy of Music before 
embarking on a career as a 
leading singer with various 
companies. In his early years, 
his firm and attractive baritone 
was heard to great advantage in 
Mozartian roles and as Esca- 
millo in Carmen. 

He appeared with among 
others the Welsh National 
Opera and New Opera com- 

In 1967. he made his debut 
with the Royal Opera as 
Pat rod us in Tippett’s King 
Priam, an opera he returned to 
last year as the Old Man. 

U was one of many finely 

wrought character studies he 
contributed to Covcnt Garden’s 
recent performances. Each one 
of them, such as the Notary in 
the recent Rosenkavalier : was 
carefully worked out in detail so 
that the eye was inevitably 
drawn towards his portrayal. 

At the English National he 
was given more substantial 
parts and encompassed them 
with equal success, most no- 
tably Dr Bartolo in The Barber 
of Seville. Alfio and Alberich. 

He had also appeared at 
Glyndebourae and very re- 
cently at the Wexford Festival 
where one of his last roles was 
Trinity Moses in Weill’s .\faha- 
gonny. another imposing as- 
sumption. . 

His strongly projected bari- 
tone and gifts for acute acting 
will be sorely missed. He is 
survived by his wife Margaret 
and son. Oliver. 


Sir Richard Webster. DSO, 
who was Director of Organiza- 
tion at Conservative Central 
Office from 1966-76. died on 
January 1 7 aged 72. 

Richard James Webster was 
bom on July IS. 1913. and 
educated at Shrewsbury School. 
He started his career as political 
agent at Willesden in 1 946 after 
a distinguished war record in 
Burma, as a result of which he 
was awarded the DSO. 

He moved to Aldershot in 
1948 and 10 years later became 
Central Office agent for the 
North-west, holding that post 
until his appointment as Direc- 
tor at Central Office. 

In 1974 during Mr Edward 
Hcaih's leadership a new post 
was created in Central Office 
over that of Sir Richard, held by 

Mr Michael WolfK but a year 
later the post was abolished and 
Sir Richard returned to full 

Earlier he had taken over 
special responsibility for mod- 
ernising the Conservative orga- 

He took a largely unexpected 
retirement in 1976, two years 
before it was due, after the 
appearance oF the Eyre report 
which had called for a shake-up 
in the organization. 

Disquiet among the pro- 
fessional staff at Central Office 
over the abrupt manner of his 
retirement, found expression a 
month later in the Conservative 
agents' journal. 

He was knighted in 1971. In 
1940 he married Sheila Mar- 
si on; there were two daughters 
of the marriage. 


Lord Stafford. 1 4th Baron 
died on January 8 at the age of 

He was a Deputy Lieutenant 
for Staffordshire and a governor 
of the Royal Agricultural 
Society of England. He was also 
a past president of the Stafford- 
shire branch of the Country 
Landowners’s Association. 

The son of Captain the Hon 
T. C FiKherbert AM, he was 
born on April 7, 1926 and 
educated at Axnplefonh and St 
John's College, Cambridge. 

From 1945 to 1948 he served in 
the Scots Guards. 

He was closely involved in 
many local activities, had 
played rugby for Stafford RFC, 
and was president of the club. 
He succeeded to the title on the 
death of his uncle in 1 941. 

He married in 1952 Mo rag, 
daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel 
Alastair Campbell; ther were 
three sons and a daughter of the 

He is succeeded by his eldest 
son, the Hon Francis Mdfon 
William Fitzherbert 

Science report 

Engineers search for simple software 

By Pearce Wright 
Science £ditor 

After 10 years of devising more 
complex computers _ on ever 
smaller microchips, scientists are 
turning their attention to designing 
machines that are simpler to use. 

Several computers will be 
introduced In the next 12 months 
employing this simpler computer 
technology, referred to as RISC 
(Reduced Instruction Set Comput- 

Scientists in academic labora- 
tories have experimented with the 
idea for four or five years and have 
built research machines to demon- 
strate the principle. 

The stimulus for the research 

came* however, from an Investi- 
gation by a team of software 
engineers at an IBM laboratory. 
They examined the way the 
instructions available for writing 
the steps in a program* saying, 
add. multiply, store, retrieve, 
compare and so on. for particular 
computers were used. 

Their conclusion, known as the 
80/20 rule, states that for 80 per 
cent of the time a computer uses 
only 20 per cent of its instructions. 
It adds that the most frequently 
used instructions are ones contain- 
ing the codes understood by the 
machine for carrying out simple 

A simple analogy of the 
principle a illustrated in the way 

electronic calculators are used. 
Expensive calculators contain 
special buttons for square roots 
and compound interrat, but those 

are used rarely. 

Most people nsc foe fear basic 
fnnedons of add, subtract, multiply 
and divide, and a combination ot 
those for more complex calcu- 

In their evolution over the past 
20 years, the instruction sets in 
powerful computers have swollen 
from 40 to SO codes to several 

That makes machines too 
complicated for most asera, more 
expensive, and slower. 

The first of the new RISC 

machines this year from Hewlett- 
Packard and IBM, and the simpler 
technology is, paradoxically, 
intended to provide more powerful 

An experimental vexmon bmh at' 
ti»e university -of California. 
Berkeley, contained only . 31 
“ShodiMS. The machines will 
operate up to fire times htiw than 
traditional designs. 

However, the functions which 
are not included in the instruction 
set are not necessarily lost to the 
user. Prepared operations are 
contained In microchips in the 
machine and can be called into 
P lay occasionally, without _ inter- 
fering with the machine's normal 

as Governor and C-in-CrGih. 
raltar. 1952-55, 

However in retirement he 
continued active; he was Chair- 
man of Cumbernauld New 
Town Corporation from 14S6 
to 1965 and of the Greenock 
Harbour Trust .from 1955 j 0 
1965. He was also a Deputy 
Lieutenant for Renfrewshire 
from 1950 and a Vice-Lieu- 
tenanu 1955-72, as well as bnng j 
a member of the Queen's Bodv 
Guard for Scotland. 

He was Colonel of the 
Argylls. 1945-58. as well being 
Hon Colonel of the Argyll and 
Sutherland Highlanders of 
Canada. 1948-72. Indeed one of 
his better publicised activities 
during his retirement from ihe 
army was his energetic leader- 
ship of the “Save the Argrfis" 

In 1951 be had established 
his claim lo be Hereditary Chief 
of the Clan MacMillan, and 
took the surname, MacMillan 
of MacMillan. 

He married, in 1920. Marian 
Blakislon-Houslon, later ap- 
pointed OBE. They had four 
^ons and one daugther. 


Mr Jimmy Adams, four times 
a Ryder Cup golfer against the 
United States between 1947 and 
1953. died in a London hospital 
on January 9. He was 75. 

Because he finished second in 
the Open championships of 
1936 and 1938. and was three 
times a losing finalist in foe 
maichplay championship (1937. 
1946 and 1951). he came w be 
regarded as the great runner-up. 

With his benign and cheerful 
disposition he may have laded 
something of the “devil"' which ( 
distinguishes the champion, but 1 
the judgement is not entirely 
fair for the Second World War 
denied him the chance to prove 
himself at the peak of his career. 

He had been chosen capiain 
of the Ryder Cup match of 1 W 
which never took place. 

James Adams was born at 
Troon on October 21. I9i0and 
started as a caddy on the great 

He developed one of ihe < 
fullest backswings in the game. 1 
well pas! the horizontal, some- j 
thing that was possible in so j 
burly a man mainly because he ; 
was double jointed: but if ifc ' 
swing had noi been Unit and 
rhythmic he could never hate ■ 
chased the winner home in ihe 
1938 Open at the height of a » 
gale. i 

He achieved some success 
after the war, winning the 
Dunlop Masters in 1946, aoa 
three Continental titles, tj* 
Dutch, Belgian and Italian. Bui 
he will be remembered as a weu 
respected club professional aj 
several clubs, including Ro«l 
Liverpool. Royal Porirusb, anu 
briefly Royal Sydney. 


Mr Philip Atkey (Baity 
Perowne) who died in Marbella 
on- Christmas Eve, will be 
remembered for, among mao? 
other short stories and now» 
his popular revival of E. y- 
Horn ling’s A. X Raffles, Gentle- 
man Crook. f 

Barry Perowne. nephew 01 
Bertram . Atkey. - himself 
author, started writing if* 
Raffles stories by invitation nj 
1932. and after the Second 
World- War published man) 
more stories in Ellery Queen 
Magazine. The Saint \fagB3**’ 
and John Bull . Two booking” 
collections have been published 
Raffles Revisited ^1 974) 
Raffles of the MCCm79). 

He was a cricketer nun*** 
and had played for the Som«^ 
Stragglers. ^ 



0n Wednesday J9th 
January ai 
Bonhams are holding JO 
auction of selected new jnJ 
secondhand furs, at P ricCS 
ranging from £3010 .13.0^ 
They may be viewed 0“ 
Monday 27th 10.30 j.m. K> 
7 p.m. and on Tuesday 28tli 
10a.m. to 4 p.m. 

For further derails or 
a catalogue (price IB. I* 15 ’ 

ring the fur dept- on 

01-584 916k 

t>n ii. » i«in« 1 

•»» *»? mn. ui > ■•■■•« M !•.**< "' I 


rii>; •_ J ;* 








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The eminent Mexican novelist Carlos Fuentes 
contributes this Foreword to Tobias Smollett’s 
translation of Don Quixote de la Mancha by 
Miguel de Cervantes, republished today 

Eternal definition of the 

When I was a > oung student in 
Latin American schools, we 
were constantly being asked to 
define the sound ary between 
the Middle Ages and the 
Modem Age. 1 always remem- 
bered a grotesquely famous 
Spanish play in which a knight 
in armour unsheaths his sword 
and exclaims to his astonished 
family; "I'm olT to the Thirty 
Years’ War!" 

Did the modem age begin 
with the fall of Constantinople 
to the Turks in M53. the 
discovery of the New World in 
1492 or the publication by 
Copernicus of his Revolutions 
of the Spheres in 1543? To give 
only one answer is akin to 
exclaiming that we are ofl'io the 
Thirty Years' War. At least 
since Vico, we know that the 
past is present in us because we 
are the bearers of the culture we 
ourselves ba\c made. 

Nevertheless, given a choice 
in the matter. 1 have always 
answered that, for me. the 
modem world begins when Don 
Quixote de la Mancha, in 1605. 
leaves his village, goes out into 
the world, and discovers that 
the world does not resemble 
what he has read about it. 

Many things arc changing in 
the world; many others are 
surviving. Don Quixote tells us 
just this; this is why he is so 
modem, but also so ancient, so 
eternal. He illustrates the 
rupture of a world based on 
analogy and thrust into differen- 
tiation. He makes evident a 
challenge that wc consider 
peculiarly ours: how to accept 
the diversity and mutation of 
the world, while retaining the 
mind's power for analogy and 
unity, so that this changing 
world shall not become mean- 

Don Quixote tells us that 
being modem is not a question 
of sacrificing the past in favour 
of the new. but of maintaining, 
comparing and remembering 
values we have created, making 
them modern so as not to lose 
the value of the modem. 

This is our challenge as 

contemporary individuals and, 
indeed, as present-day writers. 
For if Den Quixote, by its very 
nature, docs not define the 
modem world but only an 
aspect of it. it does. I believe, at 
least define the central prob- 
lems of the modem novel. I 
remember discussing the matter 
over luncheon one cold day in 
19~5 with Andre Malraux: he 
chose Madame de Lafayette's 
La Princess e dc Cloves as the 
first modem novel bctflse. he 
said, it was the first psychologi- 
cal. interior novel, constructed 
around the reasons of the heart. 
Anglo-Saxon criticism would 
perhaps prefer, alone with lan 
Wait, to establish "the rise of 
the novel" in connection with 
the appearance of a middle class 
of affluent readers in England, 
politically emancipated and^ 
psychologically demanding of 
novelty in theme and character- 
ization: Richardson. Fielding. 

Yet I shaJJ not travel the road 
of Quixote's modernity alone. 
After all. as Lionel Trilling once 
wrote. “AH prose fiction is a 
variation of the theme of Don 
Quixote: . . . the problem of 
appearance and reality''. 

But it is. perhaps. Michael 
Foucault who has best de- 
scribed the dis-placemcnt that 
occurs in the dynamic world of 
Cervantes: Don Quixote, writes 
Foucault in The Order of 
Tilings, is the sign of a modem 
divorce between words and 
things. Don Quixote is desper- 
ately searching for a new 
coincidence, for a new simili- 
tude in a world where nothing 
seems to resemble what it once 

This same dynamic dis-place- 
ment, this sense of search and 
pilgrimage, is what Claudio 
Guillen calls the “active dia- 
logue" in Don Quixote. A 
dialogue of genres, in the first 
place: the picaresque, the 
pastoral, the chivalric. the 
byzantinc. all the established 
genres stake their presence and 
have their say in Don Quixote. 
But the past and the present are 

also actively fused and Uic 
novel becomes a critical project 
as it shifts from the spoken tale 
to the written narrative, from 
verse to prose and from the 
tavern to the printing shop. 

Don Quixote, it is true, bears 
all of the marks of what it leaves 
behind. If it is the first modem 
novel, its debt to tradition is 
enormous, since its very incep- 
tion. as we all know, is the salirc 
of the epic of chivalry. Bui if it 
is the last Medieval romance, 
then it also celebrates its own 
death: it becomes its own 
Requiem. If it is a work of the 
Renaissance, it also maintains a 
lively Medieval varnival of 
games, puns and references not 
far from Bakhtin's definition of 
festive humour in the novel, 
breaking down the frontiers 
between actors and audience. 
And finally, if it opens for all 
the adventure of modem 
reading, it remains a book 
deeply immersed in the society 
and the history of Spain. 

Miguel de Cervantes was 
bom in 1547 and died in 1616. 
He published the first part of 
Don Quixote in 1605. and the 
second part in 1615. So that 
everything I have said up till 
now ’happens historically within 
a contradiction. Cervantes’s 
work is one of the great 
examples of Renaissance liber- 
ation. But his life occurs within 
the supreme example of the 
negation of that same liber- 
ation: the Spanish Counter 
Reformation. Wc must judge 
Cervantes and Don Quixote 
against this background if we 
are to understand his achieve- 
ment fully. 

Trj Jut tore traditore ? I write 
with confidence in the language 
of Cervantes; more hesitantly in 
the language of Smollett. Many 
translators, some good, some 
indifferent and some rank bad, 
have translated my - our - hero 
into every civilized language. 
Sometimes translation is an act 
of homage: sometimes an auto 
da fc. On the few occasions 
when it really works it is almost 
always serendipity; a clash 

Frontispiece by F. Hayman from Smollett's 1755 edition, reproduced afresli 

between one great writer and 
another in which a foreign, a 
strange language becomes the 
authentic vernacular version. 

It is not necessarily the most 
lexicographically accurate, but 
it is the one where the feeling 
and the tone both come 
through. How odd to reflect chat 
Verdi relied on Boito for his 
Shakespeare. 2 nd was so pro- 
foundly accurate that English 
libretti of Oiello cannot rely on 
Shakespeare but must re-trans- 
latc Boito. How strange that the 
best Russian version of Hamlet 

is by Pasternak. Not dramatist 
done by translator but poet 
challenged by pceL 
Tobias Smollett's translation 
of Miguel dc Cervantes is the 
homage of a novelist to - a 
novelist. It is a novelist’s 
translation. Its immediacy and 
force, ris playfulness and its 
freshness, will show the modem 
English language reader why 
Don Quixote is the first modem 
novel, perhaps the most eternal 
novel ever written, and cer- 
tainly the fountainhead of 
European and American (Anglo 

and Latin) fiction: here we have 
Gogol and Dostoevsky, Dickens 
and Nabokov, Borges and 
Bellow, Sterne and Diderot in 
their genetic nakedness, once 
more taking to the road with the 
gentleman and the squire, 
believing the world is what we 
read and discovering that the 
world reads us. 

• The above is a slightly 
abbreviated version of Fuen- 
tes's Foreword; Don Quixote is 
published by Andre Dcutsch at- 
£15 (£8.95 in paperback). ’ 


Harsh introspection 

DomkS Cooper 


Covent Garden 

Turandot is like nothing else, 
and it is entirely fitting that 
Andrei Serban’s production and 
Sally Jacobs's designs should 
present a world so savagely 
turned in on itself. Within their 
wooden pagoda things happen 
as within a trap. People are 
sucked in - sucked in by the 
power of music, as happens to 
Calaf, Liu and Timur at the 
start of the opera - and then 
their loves and their lives arc 
used for sport. 

Turandot is merely a more 
powerful version of the child 
who. emotionless, watches fiies 
in a bottle; Ping, Pang and Pong 
leap with the hysteria she 
cannot express. Their nostalgia 
for the world be>ond the Peking 
court has become wholly arti- 
ficial. for in ihis production 
i here really is nowhere else. The 
centripetal force of the music 
can be overcome only by a 
change of composer. 

When this production was 
introduced, in 1984. some felt 
that it might not wear well, but. 
though the original dazzlcmem 
cannot be repeated, the lurid 
animal masks and carriages, the 
poster-paint colours, the aero- 
bancs and the kabuki stylization 
still combine to produce an 
arresting effect. The production 
has also proved able to contain, 
or perhaps to impose itself 
upon, performers very different 
from (hose it first held in its 

It is the original Turandot. 
though, who leads the present 
revival. Dame Gwyneth Jones 
appearing sLill more authoritat- 
ive than she did IS months ago. 
One is worried rather less by the 
1 'brato. impressed much more 
by the sheer force of her singing 
and by her ability 10 sustain a 
tone that is polished and 
hardened by refusal of feeling, 
but that is not grating. 

She also acts the pan not just 
with honestly and generosity, 
which she always did, but with 
conviction, particularly in the 
middle act. where her quick 
looks in the direction of Calaf 

suggest a physical attraction 
that she knows endangers her 
fierce repression and aloofness. 

The new Calaf is Franco 
Bonisolii. who maintains the 
power for this pari even if he 
never pretends to cultivation. 
His animal strength is especially 
useful in the final duet at those 
points where, to her astonish- 
ment, he wrenches Turandol's 
phrases away from her and 
makes them bis own. 

There is also a new Liu in 
Joanna Kozlowska. making a 
very' promising house debut. 
She manages to mafic even the 
most exposed and fragile pass- 
ages wholly natural, with no 
break in her phrasing or 
faltering of her beautifully- 
produced fresh tone: she is. very 
aptly, like a spring of clear water 
in so much artifice and 
ceremony. She docs exceedingly 
well in this role to avoid pathos 
so totally. 

Other voices and faces arc 
more familiar. Robert Lloyd, 
who was the Timur when this 
production was first pcsenicd in 
Los Angeles, returns as a 
humane. low-profile father 
figure: William Workman as 
Ping and Kim Begley as Pang 
arc now fully in command both 
of their cartwheels and of their 
vocal characterizations, and 
w ith their continued encourage- 
ment Adrian Marlin’s Pong will 
no doubt settle down to become 
a useful third member of the 
trio. Gordon Sandison voices 
his pronouncements as the 
Mandarin imposingingly. and 
John Dobson makes a bravely 
thin-toned Emperor. 

The only disappointment is 
in the conducting. Jacques 
Delacoie finds some strange 
sounds in the bass of the 
orchestra, but he shows little 
feeling for the score’s violent 
glamour, for its sumptuous 
phrasing or for the gigantic 
waves in which it is built: be 
also has trouble with ensemble, 
particularly when the chorus are 
involved, it might sound unfair 
to suggest he is a better 
conductor of Alfano-Toscanini 
than of Puccini, but 1 fear he is. 

Franco Bonisolii: animal strength as the new Calaf 

Paul Griffiths 


Fitting memorial to David Munrow 

King’s Singers 

Queen Elizabeth Hall 

It does not seem possible that 
David Munrow has been gone 
from us for 10 years. But it is 
true, and you can be sure that 
he would have thoroughly- 
approved of the joyful way in 
which that sad leave-taking was 
commemorated by the King’s 
singers and James Tyler’s 
London Early Music Group in 
this concert. 

His influence, of course, is far 
from dead. Clearly, though, bis 
infectious enthusiasm had a 
panicular effect on his Cam- 
bridge contemporaries, among 

whom were the first members of 
the King’s Singers themselves. 
In their latest configuration, 
with a brand new tenor in Bob 
ChilcoiL the group remains 
impeccably slick and unafraid 
to bring to a simple English 
madrigal such as John Bardcis 
“Of all the birds that I do 
know" a touch of theatrical 
razzmatazz. Audiences readily 
warm to that son of presen- 

It helps, too. their willingness 
to lake in new music, though I 

have a suspicion that the 

composers the King’s Singers 
commission make unusual 
efforts to meet their customers 
halfway. Certainly there was no 

difficulty in appreciating John 
Joubcrt’s new and prettily 
touching tribute to Munrow. set 
to Browning’s lines, and gar- 
nished with some imaginative 
instrumental writing, called 
appropriately Music . for a Pied 

Geoffrey Poole’s four 

Wymondham Chants of 1970 
arc for voices only, and it is not 
to denigrate them to say that 
they arc full of effect, even if the 
cycle as a whole docs not really 
seem to hang together all that 
wclL But the .sincerity of tile 
writing is never in doubt, and it 
was a clever ruse to include a 
light-hearted touch in the form 
of two gossiping women, played 

by counter-tenors, in “Tuti vil- 
lus". the second of these settings 
of fifteen th-ccntury religious 

Otherwise the Singers’ coolly 
luxuriant approach made John 
Ward's “Retire, ray troubled 
souj”- a piece to remember, 
though perhaps it suited Monte- 
verdi’s magnificent “A quest 
’olmo’’' and Cavalli’s rather 
formal “Laetatus sum" less 
well. Meanwhile, a group of 
Elizabethan instrumental pieces 
threw- the limelight upon Tyler's 
tend, • and they • played with 
what can only be described as 
swagger. Appropriate, really. In 
these circumstances.. 

Stephen Pettitt 


Subliminal images 

Verv few television pro- 
grammes strive to expand the 
possibilities of a dominantly 
visual medium; Dead Head 
(BBC2). a gory thriller serial 
written by Howard Bremen, is 
one of those which can hold a 
candle to television commer- 
cials as a pictorial conception. 

The director, Rob Walker, 
aided by a ■ visual cfrccis 
designer, Colin Mapson. lakes 
the familiar beauty of the 
English landscape and translates 
it into a surreal backdrop for the 
unfolding plot. Subliminal 
images of eroticism, violence 
and conspiracy portray the 
central character’s churning 
anxieties as he is snatched from 
his familiar background of petty 
London crime and hauled into 
an MI5 plot to protect a highly- 
placed sex murderer. 

A great deal of the pro- 
gramme’s impact in its first half 
has also derived from Simon 
Callow's performance as the 
renegade upper-class spy so 
appalled by the crime he is 
ordered to obscure that he 
decides his country would be 
better served by his dis- 
obedience. Unhappily this 
character met a Peckinpahesque 
death on the hunting field last 
night, suggesting that this 
delight wiU no longer form part 
of the package. 

Denis Lawson as the central 

character has a much loss caw 
Krtfc. with a rale which const.*, 
lutes the series’ only flaw - it 
2 snivelling caricature of prole;, 
arias stupidity which walk 
uneasily in the spate of left-wuv. 
cynicism about uppcr-cla$“ 


Despite the fact that Dead 
Heed deals with decz pi ration 
and unspeakable perversions, ir 
is a good deal less offensive" 
than BBCl’s The Marriage, in 
which a pleasant young Welsh 
couple. Karen and Marc, are 
dogged by Desmond Wilcox 
through I heir wedding, honey- 
moon and earty days together. . 

The object of such an exerrise 
should be to uncot cr sonic 
universal truth about human 
relationships in Britain today 
As die series develops, it is clear 
that the nearest it will get to an 
eternal v erity is the succession 
of slogans on Marc’s multi- 
farious T-sbins - which serve 
also to alert the viewer to the 
degree to which some of the 
interview-s arc used out of 
context. Introduced by hid- 
eously banal country ‘n* western 
songs, and progressed by ques- 
tions of equal intellectual 
content. The Marriage can be 
nothing more than a prurient 
mass entertainment. 

Celia Brayfield 



Albert Hall 

When a million-selling rock 
singer breaks away from his 
usual band and hires instead a 
bunch of hot-shot American 
jazz musicians, what is he trying 
to prove, and to whom? 

It is a tribute to Sting’s ability 
to ingratiate himself with most 
of the rock audience most of the 
time that his motives • in 
ditching the other two members 
of the Police in favour of the 
aforementioned jazzmen have 
hardly been questioned. 
Whether he is attempting to 
show himself to be worthy of 
higher things or genuinely 
trying to bring the talents of 
others to wider attention, the 
real surprise of his current lour 
is that, musically speaking, 
there are so few surprises. 

Naturally enough. Tuesday 
nigbt’s concert was largely 
devoted to the songs from The 
Dream of the Blue Turtles, the 
album for which Sting 
assembled h is all-star line-up of 
Branford Marsalis (saxo- 
phones). Kenny Kirkland (key- 
boards), Darryl Jones (bass 
guitar) and Omar Hakim 
(drums) - all stars, that is. to. 
those who pay close attention to 
the activities of Miles Davis. 
Weather Report and Wynton 
Marsalis, with whom these men 
made their reputations. 

The band stuck closely to the 
scripts of such set pieces as 
“Russians". “Children’s Cru- 
sade” and “We Work the Black 
Seam”. Kirkland’s synthesizers 
meshing wiih-ihc guitar to build 
the layers of basic texture. 

It was a particular pleasure to 
hear Marsalis turn again to the 


Planet Suicide 


A new fringe venue above a pub 
in Mornington Terrace, the 
Victoria most nearly resembles 
the Gate, with the audience 
entering through the stage to 
assume seats which are in places 
perilously close to the action. 
The opening production makes 
the space more crowded yet, 
with four toothsome pin-tables 
and a legless pool-table serving 
kind of adventure 

his younger brother Dean 
(Mark Gatsby) and lastly by 
their sister Tyra (AJix Cragg). an 
armless Debendox victim who 
has lately found herself employ? 
mem as an exotic dancer. 

This sodality of grotesques 
express themselves Tesolutely in 
Shirley Williams Comprehen- 
sive, a dialect which the author 
Chris Ward’s- supercharged 
production sometimes reduces 
to an incomprehensible gabble. 
This seems a shame in view of 
the fact that much , of the 
dialogue appears to be a collage 
of prose-poems, although one 

as a land ot adventure play- 
ground over which the charac- 
ters roam, scramble and period- can hear enough to gather that 
icaliy fling one another. there is not a shred of linguistic 

We are in an amusement 


Festival Hall 

is®. *#*■ 


, IMA 

ip vr.. 



TOunf *SI 3 «*“ .^i ■’■h... ".-fill} O . ■■■; :J.~ 




(Peril e n la Dcmcvrcl 


An VmlKul l*' ■••*** 

**A beautifully 
serpentine murder mystery, 
filled with deceit and 
visual luxuriance.'' 

The Guardian 

Belshazzar's Feast has long 
been one of Andre Previn’s 
party pieces: no one present 
when be conducted it in this 
same hall four years ago. before 
Walton himself, on the com- 
poser’s eightieth birthday, will 
have forgotten the occasion. 1 
think tne secret of Previn’s way 
with the work is that he never 
drives it too hard, thus allowing 
the choral and orchestral hordes 
time to relish its fierce accents 
and cross-rhythms; the result, 
especially in a frenzied finale, is 
far more exciting then sheer 
speed would be. 

Time and again, even when 
the music was rampaging along 
in full brass-propelled flight 
you could hear unfamiliar detail 
quite dearly: swirling string 
figuration in'the final dance, for 

instance, and vivid woodwind 
colours in the central “feast” 

The combined choirs 
(Brighton Festival Chorus and 
Collegium Musicum of Lon- 
don) were not immune to 
vagaries of pitch - levitation or 
subsidence according to context 
- but mostly sang very well. 
They quickly recovered from a 
flaccid declamation of Isaiah’s 
opening prophecy to delineate 
the inner parts in *’By the 
waters of Babylon” with excel- 
lent clarity. Benjamin. Luxon’s 
solos were sonorous and secure, 
if a little short os drama. 

Walton used to affect a 
certain latter-day disenchant- 
ment with Belshazzar (“too 
much noise'’), but its precisely- 
devised combination of bold 
strokes, and technical expertise 
is still impressively shattering in 
performance. It also creates a 
problem, in that it inevitably 

tends to make earlier items in a 
programme feel like, a mere 
upbeat to its galloping cataclys- 
mic orgies of sound. This is fair 
enough in the case of Bcetbo- 
ven’s effervescent Prometheus 
Overture (very deft, clean 
playing here from a large suing 
section) but it is disconcerting 
when a monumental conception 
like the same composer’s 
“Emperor* Concerto is fri- 
vol vcd. 

Previn secured a tidy orches- 
tral contribution which never- 
theless conveyed little more than 
brisk efficiency; Emmanuel 
Ax’s handling of the piano pan 
was direct, sincere and techni- 
cally powerful, but seemed to 
lack involvement. For me, 
anyway, this performance 
■brought out next to nothing of 
the spiritual immensity of this 
great work. 

Malcolm Hayes 

arcade io King’s Cross, although 
the main amusement of the 
Scorpions gang (so named for 
the beast's apparent capacity to 
survive nuclear tests) consists of 
toughing up rival g mg s with 
flick-knives, dub-hammers, 
box-spanners and Stanley 
knives. The Scorpions' half- 
deranged leader Invader (Paul 
Lyne. whom the programme 
calls “indisputably the greatest 
actor that has ever lived”) als o 
has an automatic stuck in his 
ammo-pouch belt, though it is 
never quite clear whether this is 
meant to be genuine. 

Invader is joined at the tables 
by his quarter-deranged lieuten- 
ant Bonner (Murgus Jordan), by 
his pregnant, masochistic speed- 
freak girlfriend Kizzie (one 
Karenoia Schizophrenikaz), by 


inventiveness on offer. 

I suspect that one of 
Ward’s starting-points was .1 
Clockwork Orange - there is a 
massive hint of this in Invader’s 
approval of Verdi; he also 
enjoys Camus, which is touch- 
ing - but the lack of moral 
perspective makes the piece 
monotonous and vapid. All the 
characters do is practise their 
violence on one another and 
occasionally sound off about 
Large Issues. This may be 
accurate enough to warm a 
sociologist’s heart, but one u 
left with the impression that the 
Wet Paint company properly 
belong on the King's Read, 
giving vent to the inarticulate 
rage of modem youth for w c 
amusement of tourists. . 

Martin Cropper 




“Asbeautifdliy focused an example 
of Shavian playing as I have seen for 
many a day r 

( Tmteaj 


Box Office & 
Credit Cards 
01-928 2252 

Ijrttelton: Tonight & Tomorat 7.45. Sat at 2.15 & 7-45. 
Then Feb 13. 14, 15(m&e), 17. A* 

alto saxophone, ah instrument 
he has neglected since his tenure 
with Art Blakey’s Jazz Messen- 
gers a few years ago. on the 
finger-popping hipster’s groove 
of “Consider Me Gone”. 

Kirkland's rollicking piano 
solo, a mixture of funky block 
chords and wild Latin inven- 
tions. gave a climax 10 a medley 
of two more Police songs, 
“Bring on the Nighl” and 
“When the World is Running ' 
Down”, in which Sling’s guitar 
u<ork showed him 10 be capable ; 
of a fair pastiche of his erstwhile 
colleague Andy Summers's 
cunning manipulation of lone- 

Despite the audience’s gen- 
eral enjoyment, though, some- 
thing was not quite right. 
Jones’s dull bass solo. Hakim's 
cynical drum extravaganza, an 
arrangerm of “Every Breath 
You Take” that went on just 
too long, several passags of 
soggy jamming, the way the 
spoiling followed Sling even 
during the other musicians' 
solos - these little things 
somehow took the edge off the 

Richard Williams 

1 - 


** !_» t 




- t- : - -*«i- 


; H i ', ', ' | 






When, a weaker dollar still failed to lift 
sterling yesterday,, the Government's 
hopes tan oat. The Bank of England was 
able , to sit on-.its hands in the morning, 
since it had no need to intervene in the 
moijiqr inaikets; ■ and expectations of a 
base. iate rise again faded a little. Then 
capae news, of weak American growth: only 
2.4- per cent,, at an annual rate, is the 
American Administration’s’ latest estimate 
for the ! fourth qnater of 1985. For a 
moment the pound steaded; then it' 
continued to fall against the dollar, closing 
in London below $1.40. Meanwhile, it had 
been .--showing still greater weakness- 
against European, currencies,, dosing at 
3,4111, down. 5V pfennigs since the 
xaeyious day.- 

So steding’s trade-weighted index fall 
nearly a fun point through the day, to 
close st 753, and money market rates 
were^ pointing to a base rate increase' in 
letters a foot high. The one-month inter- 
bank rate closed at 13 9 I6 per cent - 13 7 i«i 
three month rates closed at 13 n ie per cent 
- 1 3*w. The question in the markets’ mind 
"appeared to be whether the Bank of 
England would lead or lag the rise 
expected today. 

The. Bank: has bad two reasons for 
hanging -fire ihis ^eek^ after accepting the 
needvfor a rise jnst a fortnight ago. Hist, 
after me Group ‘of Five meeting at the 
weekend, ti hope that the general enthusi- 
asnjL- expressed, for lower interest rates 
worldwide would translate into action 
elsewhere that would widen the differen- 
tial in. sterling’s favour without the need 
fora farther deliberate increase, ■ 

Secondly, the Bank was deaiiy trying to 
avoid a second increase before the next 
Opec meeting, winch might require it to 
us e s fl Umore interest-rate ammunition to 
defend the pound. 

As hopes of avoiding an increase faded, 
the Chancellor’s strategy was thrown into 
a hasher light. With lower inflation still 
Mrs Thatcher’s primary objective, there 
remains a limit to how much of a fall in. 
the pound she can tolerate. Either way, the 
Treasury’s forecast of inflation under 4 per 
cent at: the end of the year is looking sick: 
if the exchange rate does not ruin it, higher 
interest rates are likely to do the trick. 

One School of thought Still Tnaintarinf»H 
that the Bank would hang on longer, trying 
to get the worst of the fal in "the pound 
over before u s i ng the interst-rale weapon. 
Yet the fall endured, so far has already- 
raised.,, fears that the ^ Government has-' 
abandoned its task of restraining inflation 
through a firm exhange rale, and with the 
present vacuum in domestic monetary 
policy, : such vacillation is becoming 
acutely dangerous. 

In the money market, three month 
interbank continued to edge ahead, closing 
at an offered price of 13% per cent; % point 
ahead of Tuesday's dose. This is good 
news for the banks, who were offered, to 
their great gratification, £1 billion of three 
month money last week at 12% per cent 

According to the breakdown of yester- 
day's money market flows, the banks took 
up yesterday’s final £500 million tranche 
with alacrity . - Only £10 million left 
undrawn down.. In. broad terms, this 
facility will have netted the banks a risk 
fine turn of some £2 million. Nice work if 
youcangetft. /. 

For their part the discount houses, still 
scarred by the 1985 sterling crisis, are 
keeping a low profile. Gifts went easier In 
the afternoon yesterday. 

Sensible solution to 
regulatory dilemma 

Promises on the part of Government to 
consider representations on Bills are often 
no more than a sop. Not so with the 
Financial Services Bill Both foe Depart- 
ment of Trade and Industry and the Bank 
of England are rapidly developing their 
policy on regulation as the Bill proceeds to 
its committee stage. 

Michael Howard, the responsible minis- 
ter, has used a written parliamentary 

question to outline thinking on \ the 
monitoring of financial conglomerates and' 
followed this up in a speech yesterday. 
Essentially, foe Government has rejected 
foe; idea of a separate regulator for the 
likes of Barclays, Mercury of Mercantile 
House but recognizes the problem of;split 
regulation — that; issue may slip down foe 
middle.. ; ‘ 

. 'The sensible solution, is fo- name a lead 
regulator; for each -of the conglomerates 
that has responsibility for liaising with foe 
other .. organizations to. which different 
parts of foe group may be responsible. . 

-. That is easy enough when responsibility 
is split between different self-regulating 
or ganizat ions under foe umbrella -of the.- 1 
Securities and Investment Board. It is" 
njore tricky where.; jurisdiction 1 , at ■ the, 
supervisory level covers the SE8,’ &nd jthe 
Bank of England, •• or even tire : new 
Building Societies. Commission.'' Here the 
Department will -descreetly arrange who 
should lead, hoping no doubtfondBe as 
few feathers as possib le-in the nrocessJ 
_• The Bill. will also be amended to allow 1 
exchange' of information between regu- 
lators under foe Financial Services -Bill 
and those under foe Building Society and 
Banking BilL '. . 

Taken in conjunction with foe Gover- 
nor of the Bank of . England’s musrngs on 
Tuesday night on foe need to co-ordinate 
regulation of financial services inter- 
nationally through a committee on foe 
lines of the Cooke Committee for banks! 
that gives an encouraging" -picture of 
constructive 'thought to contrast with foe 
traditional Whi tehall : ploy of sweeping 
Lloyd’s under the temporary carpet of foe 
Neill inquiry. 

BTR strategy stands 
the Test of time 

In finally succumbing io the pleas of the 
German. . Allianz, and parting with 
Corahill Insurance, Sir Owen Green has 
shown himself to be hot merely a brilliant 
buyer of businesses but also a very clever 
seller. The chairman of BTR could have 
sold Confoill at any time since he swept it 
up with Thomas Tilling in 1983. By 
waiting, he has got an excellent price - 
almost half of what he paid for foe whole 
Tilling group - and had the benefit of 
some pleasant. afternoons of Test cricket 
while he waited. ." V 1 ’ 

• While other coEqpan^ap^nishmg^ii.g^ 
position' id 

financial servjces- sectQ^ ^ , , Qwes^gfeeS' 
greater opportuni^'elsrwherei GornHiL 
did not sit easily fix focLgrohp -which: has;;: 
honed the skill of squeezing more profits^ 
out of steel castemaiid' artificial limbs.' ; 
This' year, IXinlop./SIHdtoen’sS 
buy last year, v^r.'giyi?. , ; big boost to 
BTR’s profits. Okl.or exhausted business- 
es, given foe right -treatment* are capable' 
of providing gr^l^;;^ovvfo‘:-foah itie 
highly competitive^'; financial' services 
sector can guarantee; ■' V ;; . . . 

Lord Hanson is another ■ wfio, despite 
occasional rumours to the contrary, shows 1 
no wish to steer Hanson Trifst mto the 
finan cial sector. likeSir Owen, he is more 
at home with businesses based on things- 
not people. Our two leading conglomerate- 
ers distrust foe concept of “joeople.- 
businesses*?: they, like their; assets to. be 
solid - and easily realizable.- (i j . 

BTR has now outstripped Hanson .in. 
profit terms: Hanson .reported £252.8 
million far the whole of 1985: But brings 
successful conglomerate' entails bSarigia. 
busy shopper, and here Hanson is. running 
ahead. The coup of winning SCM m 
United States, despite .foe. vehement 
opposition, may yet be topped with an 
Imperial crown- .... 

Sir Owen Green must now be in buying 
mood, and. an extra £305 million in the 
kitty “will do Mm no harm. His favoured 
target area is believed to be the United' 
States. But the object of his attentions will 
have foe character he knows best. “It is. 
marvellous,” he says, ‘fthe way -these 
‘mature businesses’ can keep on growing” 
Given foe right encouragement. 

mmm mmmm 


it ~Tl D'( Sv 

onopolies Commission set to 
bar BT takeover of Mitel 

By Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondent 

Reagan ‘wants Italy to join G5’ 

. From John Earle 

President Reagan is said to 
have expressed support for Italy 
to join the Group of Hve 
leading financial powers, ac- 
cording to authoritative sounds 
in Rome. The US president's 
support is believed to have 

come. in reply to a letter which 
Signor Betti no Crazi, the Italian. 
Prime Minister, sent to the 
hauls of government of the five 
- the United States* .Britain, 
France, West Germany and 
Japan - calling for Italy’s 

Italy has objected to being - 
excluded from two discussions 
of the group in five months - in 

Fed may allow Nat West 
to combine ser vices in US 

From Mike Graham, New York - 

New York in September and 
last weekend in London - 
whose ; outcome has directly 
affected the Italian economy, 
and strained - the country's 
reserves. The Italian argument 
is that both Italy and Canada 
should join the Group of Five. 

President Mittexand of 
France has also expressed 
support for the Italians. 


British Telecom's plan to buy 
a controlling interest in Mitel, 
the - Canadian- telecommuni- 
cations equipment manufac- 
turer, is likely to be vetoed in a 
Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission report due to be 
published shorlty. 

The decision, will be a setback 
■' for -British' Telecom which was 
.keen to acquire Mitel as part of 
its* strategy far creating an 
international force in telecom- 
munications. It particularly 
wanted access to Mitel’s mar- 
kets in North American. 

Mitel directors will also regret 
the decision. They desperately 
need the C$300 million (£152 
million) for a 51 per cent stake. 

Last month Mitel reported a 
C$14 milli on I oss for the third 
quarter of the year, bringing 
nine-month losses to C$45.7 

Mr Douglass Perryman, BTs 
finance director, said when the 
deal was announced last May, 

Norway may 
curb oil 
? |if0duction 

' : By Teresa Poole 
... Norway yesterday indicated a 
: rigruficanC shift, in policy with 

- .ah offer to curb oil production if 
v similar moves are made by 
: members of the Organization of 
■ Petroleum ExjjortmgConmries 

and- other producers. 

The proposal Is likely to focus ■ 
attention on - . the . British 
Government’s commitment not 
tOKUtervene on the question of 
production levels. 

■ Mr Kaare .Kristiansen, the 
Norwegian'', oil' and energy 
minister, made it clear that 
Norway would take no action 
' unless such measures were 
followed by similar moves in 
Britain. . 

-. He said that stabilization of 
world crude prices would be 
difficult unless Saudi Arabia 
resumed its role of “swing” 
producer ’ and also' cat 
production. . 

Norway ; has always said it 

- would : mnximfeft production 
without regard io oil prices. Mr 
Mehdi Varri, oil analyst at 
Grieveson Grant, said: “Given 
Norway’s’ new stance, there will 
be greater pressure on the UK 
to change its policy.” 

Analysts saw yesterday’s 
statement as the first hint of 
change on the part of major 
nonrOpec producers. 

. Since the : Saudis, stepped up 
. December oil production in 
protest at their declining market 
share, the price of North Sea oQ 
has plummetted from $29 to 
below $20. 

Oil markets remained vola- 
tile yesterday with confusion in 
the CSty over whether Norway 
had decided unilaterally to cut 

Cargoes of Brent, the main 
North Sea crude, changed hands 
at prices as different as $19.42 
and $20 a band for delivery in 
March. By the dose indicated 
prices had slipped slightly with 
$19.25 quoted for April deliv- 
ery, compared with $19.30 on 

that Mitel’s balance sheet was a 

Sir George Jefferson, chair- 
man of BT said although the 
company had problems. BT was 
prepared to adopt a five-year 
view and was attracted by 
Mitel's international market. 

BT dominates the British 
market for private telephone 
exchanges (PABXs) which are 
also Mitel's main product. 
Other British telecommuni- 
cations manufacturers incl udin g 
Plessey, GEC and STC, ob- 
jected to the takeover on the 
grounds that they could be 
unfairly squeezed, once BT 
acquired its own PABX manu- 

BT said its primary reason 
for acquiring Mitel was to gain 
access to North America and 
other markets and that it would 
not change its existing distri- 
bution agreements. 

Professor Bryan Carsberg, 
director general of Oftel, the 

Government's telecommuni- 
cation's watchdog, is believed to 
have made a submission against 
the acquisition to foe Mon- 
opolies and Mergers Com- 

He expressed concern about 
foe effects of foe deal on other 
telecommunications manufac- 
turers when it was announced. 

He suggested three ways of 
remedying foe adverse effects 
on competition. One was io put 
a limit on foe number of lines 
BT would be allowed to supply 
with Mitel equipment. Another 
was to require BT to go to open 
tender on all subscriber ex- 
change equipment. The third 
would be to force BT to sell 
Mitel's British manufacturing 
arm which employs 800 people 
at Caldicot, Gwent. 

However, foe Monopolies 
and Mergers Commission has 
traditionally been against con- 
ditional clearances for take- 

Main beneficiaries 

By Derek Harris, Indnsfrial 'Editor 

Channel tunnel contracts, ex- 
pected' to be. worth at least £700 
mQKon in supplies and- equip- 
ment as well as construction, 
are expected to benefit a wide 
range of British companies and 

particularly five which .are 

among founder shareholders in 
the Channel Tunnel Group 

UntO the first contract 
details start emerging these five 
are the only: companies to 
which City analysts can point 
with any certainty as. l&kely to 
gain substantially from the 
tunnel project 

They are Balfour Beatty (part 
of BICCL Costain, Tarmac, 
Taylor Woodrow and George 
Wimpey. Balfour Beatty, Taylor 
Woodrow and Wimpey are all 
big construction companies. 
Tarmac is one of Britain's 
biggest suppliers of aggregates 
and Costain could be a strong 
competitor on precast tmmel 

In cement and aggregates 
supply, amounting to nearly 
£50 miQhm in contract value, 
other lficely companies to 
benefit are Amey Road stone 
(part of Consolidated Gold- 
Grids) and RMC as well as 
cement makers like Bine Circle 
and Rugby Portland. 

Seen as possible strong 

contenders on the precast 
sections, on .which' £130 million 
wffl 'be. spent, are John 
Mowfam and E J C Lflley. 

The. £80 .million worth of 
contracts for rolling stock for 
the shuttle trains conld benefit 
. not ony. British Rail Engineer- 
. fog at Derby but possibly BL’s 
Leyland operation. Metro 
Cammell (part of Laird Group) 
is another possibility. - 

. About £40 mfifion is to be 
spent on -electric locomotives 
and front runners fair these 
contracrs could be General 
Electric Company from its 
Traflord Park, Manchester, 
plant and Hawker Siddeley at 

Contracts for signals, power, 
light and control equipment, 
expected to be worth a total of 
£97 million, could also benefit 
GEC and Hawker Siddeley 

Possible suppliers for spoil 
re moval s ystems - £24 million 
in contracts . - are Anderson 
Strathclyde in - Scotland and 
other conveyor belt suppliers 
such as Laird Group and 
Turner & NewaU. 

Tunnel-cutting machine 
contracts worth £50 millimw 
could benefit companies l»v«> 
Anderson Strathclyde, and 
Hawker Siddeley 

Billingsgate sale likely 

S&W Berisford. the com- 
modity trader, is believed to 
have plans to sell Billingsgate 
Market, its 185,000 sq ft office 
development in foe City of 
London. The company, hard hit 
by foe tin crisis, has £55 million 
of debt and equity tied up in 
Billingsgate which could be 
worth £100 million. 

It is believed to have called in 
Goldman Sachs, the US securi- 
ties house, and Jones Lang 
Wootton. foe firm of chartered 



FTIndOrd 11 23.6 (+14.9) 

jTAMShare £.*..£.2673551+6.21 
FTGovt -Securities ^80521+0.04 
FT-SE 1 00 „ .2. .2.21 390.? (-T2.8) 

Bargains — 22 — i -24,74t , 

Data stream USM ...‘2107.71 (+0.42) 
New York . . 

Dow Jones ....2.2.1 51 5. 82 (+1.37) 
Tokyo ■ j; ' 

Ntkkri Dow 12, 923-32 £+41 .82) 

Horn Kona: j 

Hang Sertg. — . 1734*4 {-38.25> 
Amsterdam: ,:.2-. .22j26l'.0/—O^) 
Sydncnrr-AO _^:_i2^J0B9J7(+T.7y 

JT/UlShare 2Y..2.2I 
FTGovt -Securities 2. 

National Westminster Bank 
may become the first commer- 
cial bank in the United-States to 
combine both securities broker- 
age services and investment 

Until now, the I Federal 
Reserve Board has insisted op. 
banks keeping separate subsidi- 
aries to give investment advice, 
if another unit is involved in 
brokerage services. 

If NatWest gains approval 
from the Fed, expected early in 
February, a row could blow up 
involving foe established US 
securities groups like Salomon 
BroOnas and Goldman Sachs. . 

A- spokesman for-tbe ^Securi- 
ties lndt^tryAssocdation.(SIA) 

said-i rhar if-: NafWest wexr 

successful,. bis orvanization was 
likely to s»ie foe FKL'Ths SLA is 
a lobbying group- fin* the 

established securities gr o ups in 

the ys. : 

, Severn US and: foreign banks- 
do some securities business, 
notably Bank of A m e ri ca. Bui, 
as foe rules-'- state,' its- Charles 
Schwab "discount brokerage 
.service is a Separate .subsidiary 
from the one that provides 
advice to investoxs. • ■ 

There was . no immediate 
comment from NatWest in New 
York on how soon foe approval 
was likely. And a Fed spokes- 
man said no scheduled date is 
riven for consideration of aucb 
-appltcaiions. until 48 hours 
before itis heard^ ■•.? . T 

: Several' , other? mtematiqnal. 
banking groupware S25d to ’be 
waiting in 

U - ^ successful a tidal- wave of 
: applications is Hkedyio foDow, t 
securities business source said. 

Commarzbat* ^.-^2044,7 1-^1 .4) . 
BrUsaris: , \ . . 


Faria: GAC 1 „..._ i ^.„^Z7T.3(-0.1) 
Zurich: ' •’ •’ *. / 1 '.V .. 

SKA General ~...^..50T.SQ(-£4) 

; ' -'.GOLD' l " 

Lendohfbdn^ ' 

im $3S2.7Spoir-5i353Jtf . . . - - : 
Sose $350.50-353.5+ \£249'.7>- ' 

iHeaiYfofc- • n - • ,a 1 

Comex $351.55 




Aeon Computer — 

Angto-lnd. Corp 

Sovereign Oil 

Cfive Discount 

Humberside Elect , 
Quest Automation , 

Metal Sciences 

Campari InU 

i Plant & Gen. Invs. .. 

Stroud Riley 

Sunfe^jhElea ....... 

A^cot Computer!] 
CPU Computers ..... 
Syca more Hktgs. — 


Group Lotus — 

McKeehnie Bros. — 


Turner &NewaR — . 


Audlotrordc — 

Lofs — 

hrtarvls Video 

-89p +14p 


. — 188p +20p 


37p +3p 

... — 13p+1p 

28p +2p 

— 7p +0^0p 

42p +3p 

._.271p +1^> 

71 p +5p 

73p +5p 

..22p +1^0p 
-™l22p +8p 

.77p +^3 

— ._31p +2p 

16p +1p 

. — 129p+8o 


134p +8p 

.4.5 Op -OSOp 
,1.75p — 0^5p 
.4^0p -OJSOp 
135p -lip 



C SI .3960 (-0.01 90) 

£: DM 3.41 11 (-0.0550) 
fc SwFr 2.S9o7( -0.0448) 

£: FFr 10.4741 (-0.1 658) 

£-■ Yen 281 -32(~4.46) 

£ Index: 75.3(-0.9) 


£: S1-39S5 
S: DM4.4362 
S Index: l25.3(-0.6) 

ECU £0.620471 
SDR £0.773248 


London: . 

Bank Base: 12%% 

3-month Interbank 13V 5t -1 3®/ia*X» 
3-monfh eflgBjIe bills: 
buying rate 13%-13 


Prime Rate 9^0% 

Federal Funds 8% 

3-montfi Treasuiy Bills 657-6.95% 
30*year bond price 104Vfc-l 04V< 

surveyors, to advise it on a sale. 

S&W Berisford developed foe 
space and refurbished foe old 
Billingsgate Market with Lon- 
don & Edinburgh Trust, the 
property company. 

Citicorp, foe US hank, 
bought foe former market 
building for its own use for £10 
million, leaving the developers 
to sell foe new space on foe 
investment market Samuel 
Montagu, foe merchant bank, is 
taking foe new offices at a rent 
of £5 million a year. 

Abbey National 
profits rise 
61% to £140m 

Abbey National. Britain’s 
second largest building society, 
reported a 61 per cent increase 
in its surplus - or profit - from 
£86 milli on lo £140 milli on for 
foe year to December 31. The 
society's mortgage lending rose 
by almost £2.5 billion to £15.9 
billion over foe year. 

Announcing foe results. Sir 
Campbell Adamson, foe chair- 
man, said that higher profits 
allo wed an increase in reserves 

from £618 milli on to £758 


Higher reserves would allow 
foe society to move strongly 
into new areas of business when 
foe Building Societies Bill 
becomes law next year. Sir 
C am p bell added that he be- 
lieved foe Abbey's efforts to 
secure rhan^pg in the Bill to 
allow societies more freedom 
would be successful- 

US presses 
for reforms 
by debtors 

From Bailey Morris 

Mr James Baker, foe US 
Treasury Secretary. stated 
firmly yesterday that the United 
States continued to support foe 
case-by-case approach to the 
worsening debt crisis despite foe 
recent plunge in oil prices which 
has raised a strong concern over 
Mexico and other debtor 

In an address to foe recently- 
formed Bretton Wood Com- 
mittee, Mr Baker rejected foe 
notion of a broader approach, 
indicating that the United 
Stales would increase pressure 
on debtor nations to adopt 
internal economic reforms 
stipulated as conditions for foe 
new loans proposed under the 
US debt initiative. 

“We must now look to foe 
debtor %tions themselves to 
adopt foe essential economic 
reforms to carry out the US 
proposal," Mr Baker said. 

Privately, a high-level US 
official said despite Mexico’s 
deteriorating position the Rea- 
gan Administration continued 
to believe that foe Latin 
American nation had been too 
slow to make reforms. 

Bankers and other private 
executives attending the high- 
level meeting said, however, 
that if oil prices should fall 
below $20 a barrel, Mexico 
would simply default on its 
interest payments, thus precipi- 
tating a new banking crisis. 

The US banks currently have 
$27 billion outstanding in loans 
to Mexico. 

Mr Baker said yesterday that 
the virtual shutdown of new 
lending by commercial banks in 
1985 necessitated strong sup- 
port to developing countries 
from foe World Bank and foe 
International Monetary Fund. 
He said that total lending by foe 
World Bank this year should be 
about $2 billion higher than in 
1985 with foe bulk of these 
loans concentrated in the 15 
principal debtor nations. 

Doubt over 
tin talks 

The International Tin Coun- 
cil said yesterday that most 
members are prepared to 
negotiate on new proposals to 
end foe three-month tin crisis. 
But brokers said the new 
proposals were the Japanese 
plan announced on Tuesday 
and already considered inad- 
equate. The European Com- 
munity has still to form a 
united position. 

Brokers fear that if foe crisis 
drags on much longer there will 
be more legal actions similar to 
foe solicitor's letters sent by 
Shearson Lehman Brothers to 
foe London Metal Exchange 
and to Drexei Burnham Lambert. 

They said that the LME*s 
suspension of tin trading on 
October 24 covered deals 
between ring-dealing members 
of foe exchange. It did not 
necessarily cover trades 
between ring-dealing members 
and their clients. 

France yesterday denied tak- 
ing a hard lioe against a 
solution and said that it 
favoured a settlement provided 
foe cost was reasonable. 

Lofs loss 

London & Overseas Freigh- 
ters made an attributable loss of 
£12.8 million in foe six months 
to September 30 against a 
previous loss of £4 million. 

Alusuisse blow 

Alusuisse of Switzerland, a 
leading aluminium producer, 
replaced its two top executives 
yesterday after reporting that 
there would be a big trading loss 
in 1985. 

Brazil and its leading 
commercial bank creditors have 
set a deadline of March IS for 
completion of negotiations on 
restructuring $6 billion (£43 
billion) debt doe last year an $8 
billion this year. 

Merger agreed 

The boards of Plantation & 
General Investments and An- 
glo-Indonesian Corporation 
have agreed merger terms 
valuing Anglo-Indonesian at 
£1 1.4 million. Tempos, page 23 

Tace advances 

Tace, foe electronics engin- . 
eering company, lifted prifots 
from £2.28 million to nearly . 
£3.12 million before tax in foe 
year to September 30. Turnover 
rose from £17.4 million to £20.1 
million and the dividend is 
increased from 4.5p to 6.7p 

Tempos, page 23 

US court ruling 

The US Supreme Court 
yesterday affirmed a lower court 
ruling that struck down the 
Federal Reserve Board's attempt 
to regulate foe so-called non- 
bank banks. The Fed, concerned 
about a legal loophole that allows 
non-bank banks to operate across 
state lines, had sought to redefine 
the word bank to bring foe new 
institutions under its jurisdic- 

Airline crisis 

Eastern Airlines, the third 
largest US air carrier, is facing a 
serious bankruptcy threat, in- 
dustry analysts say. The airline 
laid off more than 1.000 flight 
attendants and imposed average 
wage cuts of 20 per cent on- 
some 6,000 others on Monday. 



The Board of Management, with the approval of the Supervisory 
jrd has announced an increase of share capital by DM. 230,000.000 

Board has announced an increase of share capital by DM. 230,000.000 
from DM. 2.613. 132.300 to DM. 2343. 132,300. A banking consortium has 
underwritten DM 229, 107. 100 nominal of new shares and is offering them 
at a price of DM. 240 per share of DM. 50 nominal each to the Company's 
shareholders and holders of Option Warrants in respect of the 7j?e U.S. 
Dollar Bonds 1979. 10j% U.S. Dollar Bonds of 1982 of Bayer International 
Finance N.V„ 3<% DM. Bonds 1984 of Bayer Aktiengesellschaft and 2i% 
DM. Bonds 1985 of Bayer Capital Corporation N.V_ on the following 

fa) One new share of DM50 nominal for every 14 shares of DM.50 
nominal hekL 

(b) One new share of DM JO nominal for every 14 subscription rights for 
Bayer AG shares of DM JO nominal, in respect of 72% U.S. Dollar 
Bonds of 1979 issued by Bayer International Finance N-V. 

(c) One new share of DM.50 nominal for every 14 subscription rights for 
Bayer AG shares of DM JO nominal, in respect of I(H% U.S. Dollar 
Bonds of 1982 issued by Bayer International Finance N.V. 

(d) One new share of DM JO nominal for every 14 subscription rights for 

Bayer AG shares of DM.50 nominal, in respect of 31% DM. Bonds or 

1984 isatied by Bayer Aktiengesellsfoaft 

(e) One new share of DM50 nominal for every 14 subscription rights for 

Bayer AG shares of DM JO nominal, in respect of 21% DM. Bonds of 

1985 issued by Bayer Capital Corporation N.V. 

The new shares which will rank far the dividend for the whole of the 
financial year 1986 are being offered on the terms of the Company's 
announcement dated January. 1986. Copies of this announcement with an 
English translation thereof, are available on request at the office of the 
London Paying Agent, S.G. Warburg & Co. Ltd. Application for admission 
of the new shares to the Official List will be made to the Council of The 
Stock Exchange, London. 


Holders in the United Kingdom wishing to take up rights must lodge 
the following; - 

In respect of Bearer Share Certificates— Coupon No. 45 
Warrants in respect of> 

71% U.S. Dollar Bonds of W79 —Receipt C 

101% U.S. Dollar Bonds of 1982 — Receipt B 

31% DM. Bonds of 1984 —Receipt A 

21% DM. Bonds of MBS - * 

and apply during the subscription period from 24th January. IS 
February, 1986 inclusive, at offices of one of die London Payii 
named below: - 

— Receipt A 

Ith January. 1986 to 7th 

London Paying Agents 

Hwibras Bank Limited, Kleinwort, Benson Limited. 

41 Bishopsgate, 20 Fen church Street. 

London. EC2P 2AA London. EC3P 3DB 

HDI Samuel & Co. Limited. S.G. Warburg & Co. Ltd- 

100 Wood Street. Bond Department. 

London. EC2P2AJ , 33 King WiBiam Street. 

London. EC4R9AS 

between {0.00 a.m. and 3.30 pjn. where lodgement forms are obtainable. 

Payments must be made in full on application. Temporary Receipts will 
be issued. 

Holders wishing to make payment in Sterling should agree the 
applicable rate of exchange with me London Paying Agent. 

Subscribers will be advised ax a later date when the New Shares are 
available to be exchanged for Temporary Receipts. 


23rd January. 1986 

41 Bishopseate, 

London. EC2P2AA 
H3I Samuel & Co. Limited. 
100 Wbod Street, 

London. EC2P2AJ . 

•rtr Jm 

21 20 


Jan | 


20 1 

Q W Joyisson ndCa rtpoit 

M month* kb, 
Vat li 



No 8 ■> 18.40 

Mar 14UJO-4O.B0 

M *r 14440-4*20 

Rug : 19620-154*0 

0 a 181.00-160*0 

Doe — -uno 

Mar ______ : — unq 

Vel TI41 


Not even steadier spot ofl prices 
ud i weaker dollar could stop 
tbe slide in sterling yesterday. : 

- It plunged below 1.40 to' the ' 
dollar for die first time in over 
three months, dosing at 13960, 
a fresh loss of 1.60 cents. The 
rate had fmlleiif to :13950 at one 
stage. ■ — 

The picture was even gloo- 
mier on the Continent, with the 
pound slumping another 6 
pfennigs to a record low of 

3.4060 against die n*ark a* o®* 

^Sfthisadded up to a dropnl 
the effective, exchange me 
index of 03 to 753 - the lowest 
level tor 10 months. 

Dealers said persisting fears 

‘ about on prices and the Bank of 

England's apparent determi- 
nation to resist -the upward 
pressures on base rates con- 
tinned to undermine sterling. 


Qfc CAM*. 83A8p par tag te# 

Siai Shaap. 169JJ2P par leg Ht d 
Glfc'ptaa. 7&*3p per kg hr 

fm S rnmm 

Al norths unq. 

May - 1744-43 

*y 1771-70 

Sep* 1795-94 

DSC 1817-15 

Mar 1837-30 

May 1888-45 

Vof 3888 


Jan 2*55-40 

Mar 2485-50 

May 2630-25 

Jui 2599-95 

Sep — 26S0-S6 

Now .2740-15 

Jan 2799-80 

Vol — 401/7408 


Fab 1380—35* 

Apr —I — 13*5-38.0 

Jna _ .134*— 34* 

Aug —132*— 3 U 

Orf ; 133*— 32.0 

Dee — —133-5-32.0 

Fab 134.0-32.0 

Vol 411 






T uesda y' s trading. 


Wbaat Bailey 

OJU. Freight Future* Lid report 
no parted** DOW 

Argentina Mistral — . 
Australia doftar _____ 

Bahrain Onar 

Draz* cruteo > 


rwanfl mama p. Nim » 
Graace drachma 

Hong Kong cUter 




— 16005*0-1610*20 

0.7580- 0.7880 

—.7.6140— 7.6S40 



Fab 17626—78.00 

Mar 172.73-71*0 

Apr 168*0—68*0 

May 168.75-88*0 

Jna 166.75-66*0 

Jy 170*0-68*0 

bxfia rupee — — ■ — ,._..l?.25->7.45 

Kuwait **r(KD) 04075-0.4115 

Malaysia dolar 3^4281 -3.4327 

Mexico peso ■■■■_■ ■ ■ _ —608.1S-B58.15 

New ZaaUnd dobr *8781-2*905 

Siaxf Arabia nyai *l 1355-51755 

Singapore dollar *.9828-2*678 

South Africa rand *.1530-3.1638 

United Arab Emirates duham__5.1BK5-S.2055 






Sweden ____■» 


West Germany — 
SwBzartand — _ 



BaigiumtCofwn) - 

Hong Kong 

Portugal ..... 







1 .4040-1 .4050 

7*200-7. 63TO 







__ '...*01 .70-201. B0 


_ 49.75-49*5 


158 *-158.50 



RAa uepbed by Bandaya Bank HOFEX and ExteL Uoydsl 



• ex*.* Astatic Ex t&strfaflOR b Bid *Mart*tcteetL 6 NbwJsmjxp Stock spJiLt Traded, y Unquoted. 

r t: ■ 


Previous day's tool open Interest 20885 
US Ties wy Bond 

Business was patchy yesterday 
as period rates continued to firm 
in anticipation of base rate 
increases. Some brokers re- 
ported substantial turnover 
spread across the range of 

Day-to-day money opened on 
1 1 - 10% per cent, and eased to 
10% - % per cent by the end of 
the morning. The afternoon saw 
a dip to 13 - 11 per cent, before 
a close at about 12 per cent 


dssrlrg B&tto 12 ^% 

Franca House 12% 

Dteeomt Market Urana% 

OvamighC Hfah 11 Low 11 
Weekmuxt iiS-11 
Treeetay B8s (Discount %) 

Buying 8aRng 

2 months IS 1 * 2 months 13 

3 months 13'» 3 months 13 

Local Authority Banda (%} 

1 month 13V13H 2 months ISVUV 

3 months 13V13V fl months 13*4-13*3 
9 months 13>«-I:r* 12 months 13VtSH 


3 13V13 1 . 3 months 13V13V 
6 months 13V13 1 . 12 months ISVl^, 


1 month 8*5-9 *0 3 months 8*5-8-00 

8 months 8.056.00 12 months 8*5-6*0 



High Low Stork 

Hit. -Grow 

only Had. 1988 

Price are* ylfl »<■ ytd “• HWi low Slock 

1 month 13V 13 
3 morahs 13V 13 

BIBs (Discount %) 
I3V13 2 morn 

7 days 8-7*»» 

3 months 8V8 
7 days 4»»4 T » 
3 months 4"tr4*i» 
French Franc 
7 days 9V9 
3 month s HV11*» 
Series Franc 
7 days - 1'rlS 
3 months «V4 'h 

7 days 7V7 1 * 

3 months 7S 7 , 

c at 

1 month 
6 months 

1 month 



1 may . 
6 months 

1 month 
6 months 
c an 

i month 
6 months 

2 months 13V 13 
$ months 13-12*2 

Trade BfXs (Discount k>) 

1 month 14 2 m o nt hs 13 7 ! 

3 months 13*» 6 months 13’s 

Interbank {%) . 

Overnight ooen 10V10 1 * doss 12 
1 week 12-11 'f 6 months i3V13» a 
1 month l&n-Wn fl months 13V1 & 
Smooths 13 n *-13^t 12 months 13V13 *i« 
UkmI Authority Deposits (•*>) 

2<fays 12 7 days 12 

1 month 13 Smooths 13'» 

6 rnerths 13*+ 12 norths 13'j 

00 (2250.06251*09 

1 newt : 


"Excludes VAT 

Fixed Rata Starting Export Flnanca Scheme IV 
Average reference rate tor Merest period 4 
De ce mber. 1985 to 7 January, 1986. Inclusive: 
11*38 percent 































1 1 















* m 





181 'i 
























































InL Cm» _ 

ooiv Rod. 1985 

Price Ch'ge ytd ««w ytd "0 HMtli Luw Comtunv 

Ot TrlndSQwi 
1B71. TrKnmdRes 

OK Vld 

Price Ch'gr PW '• 



















15 4 







P. CQA+V+i 



















FinlBn— 1 















































n - : 1 'if ; ;thetimes 

otter Ctmg VM 

Otter Qng TV 



Otter Qog Ykt 

BMh ROM, CMBwhem, Gbucranr QL63 TLQ 

UXBteadM 5U SU +HB 345 

Dotaan 544 iU +0* SAG 

UK Growth Aeon ST* i BIS 4«6 2*2 

UK Ugh me Pc ■ 94* 5&4 tfl.1 6*9 

MAm ei fc m Aeeum 572 St* -0.1 1*4 

Far Entera Agcot 52* 6M m* 0*9 

EuropunAcam 94* U* _04 127 

UX0K1 Rlnc 47* SOI +02 9*8 

DoAoeun 47* 50.1 +0* 9*8 

SS. Ftun*i St Mandmter 

EqutettePMkan 62* 60.9s +0* 3.72 

S i taeom Trust 80.1 wjl *oj s*« 

iFbsdM 46* 49LS« +02 9*8 

TBOriwIhnts 683 59* +Ot 1*2 

Spsd8SksTtaat 92* 67* +OS 2*6 

N2i Aaw Treat 902 632 -04 i*a 

Fir EanwnTriw S4A 67* +03 084 


8l Qsqms hm Carponlon bl covmy cvi tw 

0203 55S231 

UKOmetfiAccm 1207 191* +1* 0*7 

0o boons 1007 1I&1 +1A 3*7 

HWwrbcAccua 192* 204* +1.T 9*3 

Do beams 1972 197.7 +1A 9*8 

OHu^Rxsd Aca/n 88* 942 +0* 3JI7 

Oabcoeo 77* 81* +a* 3*7 

MbAasrTstAceaB 124* 1322 -HL4 020 

toEsMTHACEM 904 104* +04 093 

Bnnieon 1205 13*5 -07 0*1 

ewmTIhM I960 2074 +2* 3.16 

1. Lunres PeubSf HO London EC4H GBA 

AmwksnFimd 900 70* -03 020 

CRM Finl 94.4 TOl J3 .. a.47 

IransFind 86.1 89 7 +qj gm 

hrCMmM 605 68.4 +02 o*6 

OnrasclnenM 504 «a* -04 429 

Rtwl Mm 91* S62 +0.1 8*9 

W wiraHtes rtmrt 47* 912 -09 3*2 

EwooMBbnnii 96.7 807 O -0.7 4*6 

mwrWWtJrrtndBV-TYS 1DY 

Otter Ong YW 

M Otter Chng VW 

Oo booms 

H1^t»« rbc*C 04B 


Cb Acorn 

N Amtcan be 
Do Aeon 

Bd. -Olte Chng 

60S 59*8 -Ol 

S7.1 90*8 -Ol 

405 51* .. 1 

77* 91 4 ■■ 1 

124.1 1322 +OS 
205* 2109 +4U 

14X9 15X4b +1* 

290* 2462e 4ZS 
171* 18X0 +2.1 

119.7 191* +22 

U4 99* -OT 
1114 116* . -02 

*1* 97* -02 

HOD 117* -02 

807 9148 

907 9078 

M Ori«.. Chng 

Psmtaos a CMrty 


20 « Aettaasag, D*bu^ 

OBI -898 91 91 

M beams tbits «4* «4 

DoAcasn T9S* t950 

soorran ufc BNBenBfTS 
19 . Scaomws Sq. Edbeage 
911 2252211 

UKEqdte 142* 152* 

ArnSS 1372 147* 

TtecBc 1107 1270 

Esrapsae 1700 1904 

ooornsH mutual MvesruBtr mam 
mtAsemai. Otesoon 023HN 



1 02* 



+1* 270 
+** US 

UK Bear Don Eq 



+0* 2*0 



+02 229 




+0* 0*0 

29. ChsrialtB Sq. Edntugh 




+03 .. 



+02 X77 



-0.1 0.79 

beams Fund 

+0* SOB 


ro BaeOOLEMurgn BIIBSaU 




231 A 

.. 327 



OBSOrsatHseOMry 2180 229* 

NC Aurics be 
MC D ingy Ass 
NC Sm(r Curoo Co's 

tente Cote 

JapsnTseti SOvi 


1, Lenaortua BUa 
01-8SB 3644 01397 

34X4 299* +0* 1*9 

3610 2709 +U 106 

1910 160* -1* 3*0 

732 77* +05 *03 

134* 132* +22 0X8 

1MJ 121* +OI 305 

1342 1422 -14 002 

tnfi-B T2o* 7*0 

911*7 12.16 .. .. 

196* 1903 — .. 

V .Ai i .L 

IBS* 118* .. 2*6 

——————— 9710 SBOO .. S.T? 

Mtfl Visum 131* 1360 .. am 

Il s rt tlP) SBIO 31208 +11* 109 

Hnanne isu 1530 .. 2*1 

HtBhlntenM 1130 114*8 +0*1339 

Nr east CO 137* 1410 .. 030 

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- >•-:* ••'• ■ ■■ 

“E^^n The Americans were back in 
- - * force yesterday- the . weakening 

pound : encouraged them to 
chase blue chips and with some 
home-based investors attempt- 

• ■;> ^ing to, anticipate their, inten- 
... _*.-►* rations, inan? of the transatlantic - 

• V* favourites were in demand. 

: >.£ Whh international stocks 

. drawangstrengih from sterlingV 

: <; J discoitifbit- and interest rates 
r still held -’although the market 
". '■a. is braced - for dearer money 
... moves- equities were rn almost 

. ebullient form.. Ihe FT 30 share 
index, "which ' had rallied 
li- : strongly- towards the close on 

:a ... ^ Tuesday, finished 14.9 points 
■ higher at 1,123.6 points. The 

” - N FT-SE shwe. index closed with' 
a 1 2.8 points advance at 1,390.9 
points. - 

. Gilts, after initial . ■ losses, 
finished with rises of np to 
.Q'? Besideslbe pound's influence 
!&: the market was also swayed, 
once again, by a wide array of 

BTR’s^ decision to sell for. 
£305 ;uuflion in Comhill . In- 
cijv surance groiip sent the shams 
, ?>i 25p hagherat 386p and immedi- 
ateiy " strengthenecT speculation 
that the ‘group was about to 


By perek Pain and Pam Spooner 

Thc 2L es *H”5. tc present year group is reckoned at close on of the US. British Car Auction 
profits at £390 jmflionand £445 200p-a share, almost double the Group, which is selling its 29 
nnrnon the foil owing year. estimated net asset value which per cent stake in Lotus to GM 
.News or the AIHsuxz purchase wflr appear in the next report for l29.5p a share, rose 5p to 
from BTR took the ". and accounts. Selfridges alone is 10Ip on the news, 
shine .- off die composite in- reckoned, by Sears itself, to be XI Group, the metals and 
smance- sector, and especially worth ab pout £300 million. engineering company, rose J 2p 
off Guardian Royal Exchange. Laihg & Cruickshank, broker ' to 381p as the market heard 
GWE has beerr tipped , as a. to both. Dee Corporalioh and again that Evered Holdings is 
takeover target for Allianz, but Heron International, is believed dose to making a foil offer for 
yesterday’s announcement kfl-^ to have led the buying in recent TI. Evered already has control 
led such hopes-and took 15p off weeks: Indeed, it looks as of just over 20 per cent, of Tl 
GRE, the shares ending at ;746p- though L & C was helping the shares. 

- But perhaps investors should price up last week, and that Among merchant banks Hill 
" ' • _ ' ' • j - - ' ' _______________ Samnei improved 3p to 346p on 

CSM deal ings are expected to start next Thursday la the shares of broker’s'viritadd^^^fat'I^Sp 
Broofaaonnt. a prop^ gronp. Brown, Shi pley & Co, die merchant u> Spring Ram Corporation, the 

*1 16 ?> ******* ^ cash baihrooSandldtchSlroup. 

SS^n<^i 1 ^Sf; COmP ?,T ° f Breakmate. a vendi^ ma- 

£900,000 in its current year. It has a 20 per cent stake m a business chiiie group surged 35 d to 
developing die former Brooldands raangdreuit she at Weybridge. j6 5p aremking place 

Trafalgar Honse has the rest. which co uld lead 10 a bid. 

■ “ — ' ■■■■Cronite, a recent takeover 

be cheered by . the Cornhifl market suggestions of a revised & v ounte, finished 4p lower at 

GRE, the shares ending at.746p. 
- But perhaps inyestors should 

j*-" « 

dealer which has spread, into 
-prk homes and prefabricated - 
frnfldings. The shares rose 7p to 
a 125p peak on ramestinis of a 
takeover strike m the next.: 
account, ' 

pounce oh Turner A Newall,- 
the engineering - and plastic 
group, which jumped 8p to 
I34p. Since T & N disclosed last 
week that asbestosis rfatmc 
were likely to be much lower 
than originally expected the 
shares have surged from 93p. 

Glaxo Group, already a firm 
US favourite, was up 50p to 
I,6l0p, a new peak, following 
the success of its American 
investment presentation on 
^Tuesday. Beecham Group, with . 
•takeover talk sriH lingering 
(BAT Industries is the new 
favourite) rose lip to 341p and 
Guest Keen & Nettiefolds led 
engineers higher with a 7p 
improvement to 289p. Imperial 
Chemical Industries, buoyed by 
the weak pound, was I9p better 
atTTlp. 1 

Metropolitan - also 

onunehdatibn from Mr Colin 
Davies and Mr Roddy McKel- 
vie at Fielding, Newson-Smith 
& Co. the broker,. also helped.' ~ 

be cheered by the fb rnhin 
story.. Allianz is: paying more 
than £305 million, and on that 
basis ’..other composites are 
worth : much more. - Royal 
Insurance, for example would 
go at a price of about £]3.50p a 
share at the same takeout p/e, 
according to analysts. That 
compares with a pnee of 778p 
last night. 

profit forecast from Scrimgeour ®4P*. Rumoured bidder. Thomas 

Vickers was wrong. 

-tas expected to be good. At the 

jx ^ ce ? u d,e . same, time, .market men suspect 
ma f^ t bc 5 eves '* e buying has old stories of a foil bid from 
not stopped- • . . - Eastern Pnxfuc* are about to be 

Extcl shares rose j3pto 353p, resurrected. Eastern has 44.2 

meat to £8 million this year but 
forecasts for the next financial 
year now go above £11 minion. 

though they are still 12p short nercentofAF . year, now go above £11 million, 

of their 1985/6 high point. Dr McKedmIe : Brothers saw a ’ • ~ 

JJLJ* 13p pri< * to 213p as City Stewart Wxightson was 17p 
another speculadon about a>bid con- better at 739paIongside news of 
buyer to make a full bid. unues. Williams .HoMinss. the a c/nnn vceiia TTin 

Talk oontinues. (o circulate smaller though aggressive en- 
about Sears .^Holdiiigs, the gineeriDg. group, 5^ known to 

Unues. Wil lia m s -Holdings, the a one-for-onc scrip issue. The 
smaller though aggressive en- directors hope to see increased 
gineenng. group, is known to marketability of the shares, 
have more than 6 per cent of the which have done well in the 

stOTO group which mcorpmates have more than 6 per cent of the which have done well in the 
be images, though the shares shares arid pundits expect past couple of years, 
were up just Ip at 1 13 ftp, there further action from that quarter. ' Low & Bonar shares dipped 
£ “O disguising strong support W i ll i a m s shares were 5p better 7p to 35 Jp, but Analysts are 
forme stock. - - ■ at4I0p. . - expeciine UDward movement 

City men are pruned for a 

expecting upward, movement 

^SI y J n Sr are -.P ain - for 5 Group Lotus shares came again soon. The visit to the 
takrover bid, rumours of back from suspension to trade company by a group of brokers 
an offer price of about 140p a at 129p, following the details of on Tuesday went well, and 
snare. The break-up value of the-- the offer from General Motors some numbers men' ate predict- 
, _ ^ ing a prospective p/e of just 8 

Traded option highlights 

° ° group, held at 57p. Mr Jack 

As January traded options there . were more price rises of a Defines at Greene & Co., the 
expired yesterday the total few pence for ordinary shares in broker, believes lhe shares have 
volume of business for the LTO the sector. . a chart objective of 166p. 

reached 18,632 contracts: The stock exchange index Granada Group, ip . pierger 
Beechauriic^ tfoarertpletrty. bptiba postd^, withi;Mialks -wiffi: Ladbroke 'Group, is 

-of .bgl s pecul^ tio i^ TSitw tBtil^^3iiaDtnin toid^T- Jpayi Hg75p'a shareTor-Pajk- Hall 

contracts traded, and BP not- as Investors cover their bets on Leisure which runs a leisure 
ched up 1,470 contracts. the direction of shard prices and complex near Choriey, Lancha- 

Ofl shares show signs of indices. The^e were few signifi- shire. Granada was unchanged 
coming back from.the dead, and cant price changes on options. *at230p. 

By Jeremy Warner 

Business Correspondent 

James Capel has been voted 
the City’s, top stockbroker for 
research in a new survey of 
insiitutionar views conducted 
by the New York magazine. 
Institutional Investor, in the run 
up to big bang. 

Scrimgeour Vickers and Phil- 
lips & Drew, emerge in second 
and third place. 

Institutional Investor claims 
the survey is more comprehen- 
sive that that conducted for 
tmany years by Continental 
Illinois and Extel. it covered 
more than 200 institutions on 
40 stock marksyi sectors, and 
followed this. up with hundreds 
of interviews with both insti- 
tutions and research teams. 

Three individual analysts 
stood out. They were MrHenry. 
Poole of Laing & Cruickshank, 
who is know for his encyclopae- 
dic knowledge of the paper and 
; packaging industries, Mr Nyren 
. Scott-Maiden of de Zoete & 


James Cape! 64 

Scrimgeour Vickers 54 

PWffips&Drew 45 

de Zoete & Sevan 41 

HoareGovett 34 

Wood, Madwnzie 33 

W.Greenwei 24 

Laing & Cruickshank 23' 

Rowe & Pitman 20 

Simon ACoates 20 

KKcat&Ahkn 18 

Fiekfing, Newson-Smith 16 

Scott, Geoff, Layton- . 12 

Grieveson, Grant 10 

L Messel 6 

Be van, regarded as a “mine of 
information'* on tobacco, and 
Mr Hamisb Buchan of Wood 
Mackenzie for: his work oft 
investment trusts. _ 

. The youngest winner was Mr 
Bob Haville, aged 30, of James 
Capel, from a field whose 
average ?g e was just over 40. He 
was lop in the industrials 

gum s 



ABN Bank 1216% 

Adam ftCompony 12%% 

BOCI 12%% 

Cnibank Savings — — t 12%% 
Consolidated Crds — ^ 12Vi% 

Continental Trust 12fe% 

Co-operative Bank - — 1214% 
C. Hoaro & Co — 12V4% 

Lloyds Bank — 

Nat Westminster 1214% 

Royal Bank Scotland"— 12%% 

Citibank NA 1214% 

t Mortgage Base Sate. 

China trade 
deficit : 
tops £5bn 

From Mary Lee, Peking 

China suffered a.yecord trade 
deficit of $7.61 billion (£5.42. 
billion) last year, according to 
figures releases fry the Ministry 
of Foreign Economic Relations 
and Trade in Peking yesterday. 
The' country's world trade 
totalled $59.2 billion. 

The largest deficit $4.37 
billion was registered - with 
Japan, followed by that with the 
European Economic . Com- 
munity ($3.04 billion) and the 
United States ($2.04 billion). ■ 

Among the EEC countries, ; 
the deficit with West Germany 
was the hugest ($1.64 billion), 
followed by that with Britain 
($530 million). 

The. total trade deficit in-, 
creased to $7.61 .billion from 
$900 million at the end of 1 984. 
The value of imports, at $33.41 
billion, had Jumped from the 
mid-1985 figure of “$74.42. 
billion, indicating that measures 
announced in the second half of 
last year to restrict imports have 
not had much effect 

An official spokesman said 
that from now on, imports of 
cars, cassette radios, colour 
television sets and their as--, 
serabiy lines as well as refriger- 1 
ators and their assembly lines 
will have to be approved by the 
trade ministry.. 

Other measures to reduce the 1 
trade deficit include the setting 
up of export production bases 
(which are not the same as 
special economic zones since 
they merely .entail, organization 
and expansion of resources 
already available for production 
of exports);' raising' the value- 
added element of traditional 
raw materials and- roughly-pro- 
cessed exports, as well as 
developing new; markets. 


Cadbury Schweppes Australia is to 
buy Cadbury Schweppes Hudson, 
the New Zealand subsidiary of 
Cadbury Schweppes of Britain. 
Included m the agreement is the 
purchase of Soda stream Australia 
The price for the two-companies is 
Aus S89.7/miUion (£43.5 million), 
g GRANADA: The company is to 

. make a recommended offer, worth 
£6.75 million, for Park Hail Leisure. 
Terms; 75p cash for each ordinary 

• LOOKERS: For the year to Sept 
30. with figures in £000. turnover 
was 161,187 (151.060). while the 
pretax profit was 2,289 (1,872). 
Earnings per share were J9.4p 
(!6.9p). A final dividend of 3.3p 
•(3p) is being paid on April 30, 
making a total of 4.9p (4.5p). 

t CANTORS: For the half-year to 
OcL 26. with figures in £000, 
turnover was 12,460 (10,594), while 
the pretax profit was 262 (loss, 96). 
Earnings per share were 3.47p (loss. 
-l.69pL An interim dividend of 
0.75p (Q.5p) is being paid on April 
18 to reduce the disparity between 

• PENTOS: The company has 
bought K.wikframe Products, manu- 
facturers of picture frames, for 
£115,000 cash, Kwiklrame is an 
important supplier to Athena, a 
subsidiary of Pen to s. 


Abbou Mead Vickers SpOn>{ 180) 218 

AAtejrtLam) SpOrdlIJS) 179 

OMc & Wafka SDp Ord 1 5871 300p MJ00+ 14 
Omcciy Scorrmcs 25p Ord (63«J U 

Ctancoy Securities Up Old <63* ) U 

Chon Foaltc* Lynefa 5p Old (S6a) 88 

Chctwyod Streets So Ord f I 170-3 

China A Easts to* SCLQ5 (Tip) eS-2 

Ccuuwtd Mill tOp Ord ' 9* 

Crnxu 5p Old (74 j) 78+3 

DidoM2S|> Old (128a) 133 

Ferguson (lames) I0p0nt(10) IS 

GnrryteSor&ce'lOpOtdlSfia) . (0 

lot) Buaoesc Conmran lOp Old (7S) 74-2 

JS PaUwlosr lOpOtd(ltiOa) ' 253 

Jacques Vert lOp Old ( 120a t 118 

LmcunlncSOLOl ComSlk(IIS) 113 

Monks & Om lOp Old to) 87 

NorankSydcniSpOnl(WH) 91-1 

ReaSy Useful Grp 5p.Ord (33fl) 340 

SA-ClBlcntatioiialiOpOrd(iaOa) - 117— I 

SPP I Op Ord (1251 149-3 

Sgm&lnt I0p Old (total 91-2 

Strafina PuWaiuuj OrdISJal 73 

TeettmaJ OwnpoLan 2Jp Ord ( 1 30a) 239+2 

IHg*TW Bl Ptf 

Cbcmring ( 1 00) Cn v P6J Na Pd 17pmn 

Goal Petroleuin (32) Ml Pd . 18 prem 

Hog* RobiasoB (240) N3 Pd 48 prem + 10 
Triptx f70l Nil W Sprem-t 

Unlppop (5 J1 Nil W 3Sjron+t< 

Issue price in pamtbeks. a UnUned Securities. 


National Westminsier Bank: 
Sir Richard Butler is to become 
a director. 

Beecham Cosmetics and 
Beecham Home Improvements: 
Mr Edward Bond is to succeed 
Mr Donald McLure as chair- 

John Menzies: Mr Ranald 
Noel-Paton is to join the 
company as managing director. 
Mr T. P. Callaghan, who is 
retiring as managing director, 
will remain on the board in a 
non-executive capacity. 

Pacific Sales Organisations; 
Mr Andrew Lawson becomes 
deputy managing director. 

Cadbury Schweppes: Mr 
Derek W illiams has joined the 

The 600 Group: Mr Brian A. 
Carter has been appointed 
managi ng director of The 
Colchester Lathe Co. 

Trusthouse Forte Hotels Inc: 
Mr Barry Conrad has become 
president and chief executive. 

Hawker Siddelcy Group: Mr 
David Bury is to be group 
finance director. 

Brown Shipley & Company: 
Mr David Ansiow becomes a 


Investors play safe over 
the Imperial triangle 

Robinson, edged ahead 5p to 

. Other stores shares were 183 P- Bid speculation added 5p 
treading water, with losses and. to Stanelco at 38p. 
gains of a few pence scattered . Hopes of a revamping exer- 
ibe lists. Lee Cooper, the, c,se ’ masterminded by Cleves 
clothing maker, rose to 176p Investments, pushed SunJeigh 
before settling for a 3p gam at' Etectronics 1 Yi p better at -22p 
171 p as the market grew Among insurance brokers 

.enthusiastic about expansion 

is expecled-. ideas forjhecompany..-; . - r -- ■ ~~~ 

E«: Gronp;- iheT ' . : in Awodatod Fi^h- M^^.M ^wery rose 

financial and racing infer- inies were on tSmw? rising *19p ^yesterday following an 

nratton rto pubbe relations 8p to 122p. Results are dueom 

group. Dr Ashraf Maxwan week, and the- -fleure* »r*> 870 ®P< which stretched itself 

— - — - - - • - - S' jr'Zt s 

same time, .market men suspect 

old stories of a foil bid from 0aiy . ?. impro . Te : 

David Bury 

The Glass Manufacturers 
Federation: Mr Frank Davies is 
the new president. 

Miller Buckley Construction: 
Mr John T. James has been 
named as a director. 

Persimmon Homes (Midlands): 
Mr Richard WrightHas become 
technical director and Mr 
Stewart Badger sales-director. 
Comprehensive Financial 
Services: Mr Mickey Ingall has 
joined the board. 

The Clarkson Puckle Group: 
Mr Michael Christopher For- 
bes has been named as a 
director of Clarkson Puckle 
North America. 

Pannell Kerr Forster Associates: 
Mr Ron French and Mr John 
Ashworth become directors in 
the London office. 

Rattray Daffern & Partners: Mr 
David Buckle, ■ Mr Maurice 
Hammond, Mr Peter Hatters- 
ley, Mr Robin Lock, Mr David 
Milne and Mr David Peat have 
been appointed to the board. 
American Monitor (UK): Dr P, 
Mngidre become managing 

Arden & Cobden: Mr Colin 
Pelting becomes marketing 

An agreed offer worth about £3.5 
million in cash is to be made by H C 
A United Kingdom for the 
comi»ny> Terms: for each ordinary 
share. I33p cash and for each 
founders share. 58p cash. HCAUK 
is a subsidiary of Hospital 
Corporation America of Tennessee. 
Nationwide runs acute surgical/me- 
dical private hospitals and care 
facilities for retired people. 

GROUP: For the year to Ocl 31. 
with figures in £000. turnover was 
62.703 (59,552). while the pretax 
profit was 3.306 (4.304). Earnings 
per share were. I4.24p (I4.48p). A 
final dividend of 6p (5p) is being 
paid on Mav 1, making a total of9p 

TRUST: For the year to Dec 31, 
with figures in £000. lhe_ pretax, 
profit was 397' (336). Earnings per 
share were 1.13p (l-14p). A 
dividend of Q.Sp (0.93p) is being 

The Imperial. Hanson, United 
Biscuits triangle is being 
treated by the market with the 
kind of caution sailors reserve 
for the Bermuda triangle. 

Investors are treading very 
warily, preferring to keep their 
options open rather than make 
a firm commitment. 

. Yesterday’s share prices 
indicate that Hanson will not 
win Imperial with its present 
bid but at the same time 
Imperial's merger with UB will 
not go ahead. 

With the Hanson price at 
I94p. the terms value Imperial 
at 234p against a stock market 
close of 256p. At this level, 
though, the implied value of 
UB shares is 320p against the 
market price of 234p. 

Few acceptances are likely at 
the first dosing of the Hanson 
bid tomorrow. Only blind faith ’ 
could persuade investors to 
commit themselves at this 
stage, particularly when the 
Office of Fair Trading’s pro- 
nouncement on the deals will 
not be made until early next 

No one is sure which way 
the OFT will jump. 

However, the argument that 
an Imperial/UB combination 
would create a more - potent 
force to compete, inter- 
nationally may convince the 
OFT to nod the deal through. 
If that is the outcome then the 
phony stock market war will 
acquire an air of reality which 
has so far been lacking. 

The war of words between 
Hanson and Imperial has been 
far from phoney 

So far. Imperial appears to 
be ahead on points. Tfre merits 
of a merger with UB were 
clearly appreciated and 
accepted by the City before the 
Hanson intervention. And as 
Hanson’s shareholders will 
discover when they receive 
their copy of the Imperial 
defence document, dispatched 
yesierday, the group is pre- 
pared to use attack as the best 
form of defending itself. 

This unusual ploy of circula- 
rizing Hanson’s 109,000 share- 
holders is designed to under- 
mine confidence in the 
predator's camp. The tactic 
may have limited success, 
although there must be some 
element of the Hanson faithful 
which wonders if it can live 
with another huge chunk of the - 
company’s paper bung. thrust ■ 
into tho market. ■ 

On the other hand, sight of 
the Imperial defence may only 
inspire Hanson shareholders to 


the half-year to Dec 31. pretax 
profits rose from R75.3 million to 
R99.9 million (£31 million). The 
interim dividend is being raised 
from 200 to 325 cents a share, partly 
to reduce the disparity between 
payments, payable on March 10. 

Richards subsidiary has acquired 
the Leaver's lace manufacturing 
business of Wallis Brothers, includ- 
ing fixed assets, stock designs and 
copyrights, for £382,500, plus stock 
at valuation. Wallis has agreed to 
grant Richards a repairing and 
insuring lease of its factory premises 
for 10 years, an at annual rental of 
£21.000 subject to four yearly 

MENT TRUST; For the year to 
Dec 31, with figures in £000. the 
pretax profit was 2 i 0 (658). 
Earnings per share were 0.42 p 
(I.lpj. A dividend of 0.35 (0.8p) is 
being paid. 

Lookers pic 

Car, truck and agricultural 
machinery dealers 

Preliminary results for the year 
ended 3Qth September, ; 1985 (unaudited) 

Turnover 161,187 151,060 

Profit before taxation 2,289 T.872 

(1984 - 4.5p PER SHARE) -subject to approval by 


Lookers pic 

776 Chester Road, Stretford, 
Manchester M32 0QH 

pursue the target more vigor- 
ously. Its demonstrable finan- 
cial strength has been enhanced 
by the announcement of a 
£616.5 million surplus on its 
retail properties. This would 
not only beef up the balance 
sheet but do so without 
incurring additional de- 
preciation since such assets 
avoid a charge. 

For the lime being the best 
advice for all shareholders 
connected with the triangle is 
to sit tight and brace yourselves 
for the outcome of the OFT 


Tace is again coming into its 
own. For the past three years it 
has been dominated by its 
quoted subsidiary. Goring 
Kerr, which has contributed 
the bulk of Lhe profits 

Goring Kerr has been grow- 
ing much faster than the rest of 
Tace. But with Tace’s acqui- 
sition of Andersen Instru- 
ments, of Atlanta, Georgia, 
that is about to change. 
Andersen supplies instruments 
for measuring air pollution. 

Its profits, which have grown 
steadily in the past five years 
arc now running »at $2.4 
million (£1.71 million) annu- 
ally before financing costs. 

The market is unimpressed 
with the deal. It seems more 
concerned about the risks of 
more shares coming on the 
market as London & Northern 
still has 30 per cent of Tace. 
London & Northern, however, 
has not indicated any intention 
of reducing its holding. •. * 

Yesterday's results from ' 
Tace were probably the last in 
the old style. Goring Kerr 
made £2.7 million on the £3. 1 1 
million pre-tax total, up from 
£2.28 million. This year is 
likely to see Goring Ken- 
making only steady progress as 
its new range of metal detectors 
are launched, but these should 
be excellent growth in the rest 
of Tace. 

Reflecting the historical 
position rather than prospects 
for this year. Goring Kerr is 
trading on 14 times earinings. 3 
full three points higher than 
Tace. At 400p Tace shares are 

Plantation & Gen/ 
Anglorlndonesian . 

Outside shareholders in Anglo- 
Indonesian Corporation should 
not leave the decision about 
the future of the company to 


GROUP: For the year to SepL 30. 
with figures in £000. turnover was 
12,200 (10.600), while the pretax 
profit was 1. 010 (504). Earnings per 
share were 0.6 5p (0.47p). a further 
interim final dividend of 0.2p 
(0.1 75p) is being paid on April 1 1. 
making a tout of 0.3p (0.25pl. The 
further interim is being paid in- lieu 
of the final. Norfolk has bought the 
Briggens Hotel Hertfordshire, for 
£2.9 million and has sold the 
,Granby Hotel, Harrogate, for £2.04 
million cash. 

& SON: For the half-year to Nov 
30. with figures in £000. turnover 
was 3.950 (2.997). while the pretax 
profit was 325 (107). An interim 
dividend of Ip (0.55p) is being paid 
on Feb 25. 

HOLDINGS: Outline planning 
permission for the residential re- 
development of the company’s 3.3 
acre Dundee Wharf site in London 
Docklands has been granted. 

their directors. While they may 
be tempted to take a back seat 
when they sec the length of the 
document setting out the terms 
of the merger with Plantation 
& General Investments, they 
owe it to themselves to study 
each and every oae of the 20 
pages with great care. 

Or the eight directors of 
Anglo-Indonesian, two are 
also on the board of Plantation 
& General and so are formally 
excluded form Anglo- Indone- 
sian board discussions on the 
deal They are Mr Konrad 
Lcgg. the moving force behind 
the proposal and Lord Nor- 

The other directors are also 
closcley connected with Plan- 
tation & General Both com- 
panies are run from the same 
offices so executives of the 
companies know each other 
well. In addition Mr Richard 
Robinow, a director of Anglo- 
Indonesian, is already closely 
connected with both com- 
panies through Anglo-Eastern 

The directors of An gl ©-Indone- 
sian and their advisers, 
Barclays Merchant Bank, rec- 
ommend the terms of the deaL 
But shareholders should pay 
particular attention to one 
detail in particular, the pro- 
posed scrip issue of deferred 
shares to Plantation & General 
shareholders. This will result in 
Plantation & General share- 
holders having a disproponi- 
nate number of votes in the 
new company. Plantation & 
General makes a third of the 
. combined, group's profit’s but 
wiil account for 63 per cent of 
the votes. For their part 
shareholders in Angio-Indone- 
sian will be given a bigger 
proportion of dividends in the 
short term. 

The reason for this compli- 
cated structure is easy to see. 
After the deal Mr Legg will 
have 31 per cent of the votes 
but only 17.5 per cent of the 
ordinary shares. 

The new company, to be 
renamed The Chillington 
Corporation, after the hoes 
Anglo-Indonesian sells to the, 
Third World, will be similar to 
lhe existing company but its 
size will enable Mr Legg to 
pursue his ambitions of ex- 
panding overseas trading. 

The vertical axis on yesterday’s 
chan showing the performance 
of the FT A oil arid gas sector 
and the S'orth Sea Brent oil 
price should have run from $ 20 
to 530 a barrel and riot SIS to 
S2S a barrel 

group has agreed to acquire Tele- 
Link Archives. The initial consider- 
ation of £3-2 million is based on 
Tele-Link achieving pretax profits 
of £430 jOQO for 1985. A further 
consideration of up to £2.1 million 
wil be payable, depending on the 
profits of Tele-link for 1986. Tele- 
Link provides a confidential and 
secure storage and retrieval service 
for business records, documents, 
computer discs and tapes belonging 
to a range of customers including 
banks, insurance companies, com- 
pany registrars, accountants and 

ING: The company says that a 
Brazilian company lias begun talks 
with M. A. Hanna Company about 
the purchase of St John. Hanna 
owns 96.37 per cent of St John’s 
ordinary stock. Hanna announced 
that it had entered preliminary talks 
with Companhia AuxiJigr de 
Emprcsas de Mine paean Cacrai 
about the sale of Hanna's St John 

I* l* 


First and Foremost 
Warehouse Space 
To Let 

Four Units Ranging 
in Size From 

10.000 sq. ft. to 48,920 sq. ft. 

Bernard Thorpe 

19-24 Saint George Street 
Hanover Square. London W1R OPT 

[> 1*4996353 


ARY 23 1986 


From yw Portfolio cord check your eight 
Shift price movements. Add them up to give 
you your overall total. Cheek ibis against the 
daily dlv idend figure published on this page. 

if il matches you have won outright or a share 
Of the total daily prize money stated. If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the back 
ofv our card. 

1 ou must always have your card available 
when churning. 


Rally continues 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings Began. Jan 1 3. Dealings End. Jan 24. 5 Contango Day. Jan 27. Settlement Day, Feb 3. 

f Forward bargains are permitted on two previous days. 


£ 2,000 

Gaims required for 
+46 points 

Claimants shoaid ring 0254 -S 32 T> 

Com pan} 






Wad; Pm:eri« 

Whatman Keeie 

Smith 4 Nephew 


High Low Company 

44} 380 

** * 5 . 

41 23"i 


42 «a 2 T, 

re r 


10 T, «•. 

96* iSft 
ITS T 4 V 

372 2*9 

80 65 

371 r 3 

99 61 ', 

3U ZB 
. 1*8 <3> 

580 J7S 
M4 348 
42 25 

7 BS XB 
<H 323 
275 ITS 

re* *7 

80 MV 

323 193 

n S 6 

ttfl » 

II*. IS 

Brant! StWMy 
Cone Man 

Ones* Ujrttatar 



Cu il l M ltr * 
Hrti N*t Fhanc* 

CUTVM9S p*al 
Jotatfi ItAOpati) 
Mng«Bnmj‘= c i 





Mm] Ault BV 

Nat Warn 
Pru»tf « n1 
Roe Bn» 
RsviSnkOf Car 

HoylBnk Cl Sea 

to si snwn a Aunyn 
SC 4is Stan) Own 

7*6 M3 UrW 

1*3 56 n accr 

51 J 6 n N Will 9 * 0 ° 
280 220 WlntnW 


Dlv Yld 

Price Cii'oe pence P'E 

416 -3 112 3 2 170 

443 4IJ U 104 

3ft 23 6.7 73.1 

EE** • -I'm 3»4 M .. 

£3P* 208 94 .. 

87 • *3 U W 1? 

52 ao 5B 114 

£97 -2 84) til . 

43*3 -6V IPflO *3 .. 

154 • -9 4J| 36 U 

262 >2 169 7 2 1U 

87 • .. 2.7 40 115 

188 -3 0.6 5.7 14.1 

522 • 85.7 4.4 It* 

348 *3 17.0 45 1.1 

72 • -1 -.6 .. 

353 -IS 174 41 1U 

1*0 • UJ 8.4 166 

575 -4 21 4# 3.7 106 

488 -3 M3 5.7 72 

34 11 (1 131 

689 228 35 107 

442 *8 38* Si 7.3 

2*0 -5 

09 *2 3JJS 5.4 59 

£3T *5 ISO 0.3 18.7 

32! -I 157 4.B 158 

78 • 18 23 QJ 

103 • U U IU 

137 50 ;s 
2*.* 12 16.7 
<0 24 54 

42.1 SO 6.8 
JZ 9 U 11 
so as i 7 .s 


1965 Dtv Yld 

Hi9h Low Company Price Cn'ge pence 9* P/E 

453 440 CKtel»MUS 
378 IBS CantwsaSae 

t 2 


623 • 

Z 5 

t El 


L’ld Scientific 


'£> Tunes Nerspapen Limited Your Daily Total 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make i note or vour daily totals for 
the weekly dr. idend of £ 20.000 in Saturday’s 

SO 29 

129 e 

383 a» 
333 20* 

87 51 

925 5*5 

60S <54 

2*0 194 

79 59 

80 58 

22 11 

93 55 

?2 64 

190 X 

15= 1*5 

ar, so 

70 <2 

526 336 

32SV 194 

140 8* 

119 60 

88 *4 

71 48 

M3 81 

02 54 

96 S3 



Hl'ih Low S'ocfc 

till Grow 
only Red. 
Price cn g* lid «» yld <V 

119 80 

88 *4 

71 48 

M3 81 

02 54 

96 S3 

286 117 

88 64 

115 183 

270 204 

119 89 

84 24 

*9 33 

171 II* 

446 291 

160 129 

328 266 

148 199 

3*8 196 

99 67 

79 58 

3M 196 

160 10* 

202 161 

188 110 

107 7* 

338 232 

193 112 

26 1* 

13* 105 

3*8 i9S 

865 600 

a» 1*3 

126 96 

508 3*2 

361 255 

177 91 


152V 118 

773 132 

97 £2 

79 53 

408 227 

586 3*8 

ISO 108 

3*0 22S 

107 87 

3*3 1*3 

210 13S 

258 128 

85 58 

230 173 

79 62 

48 28 

324 172 


Aberdeen Cow 


BPS IndiaM* 
B9BB»iWB» &** 
Berne Dtvs 
BaevrfBam Conger 

swum Comma 

Bad am 


Brawxr&Ctoud HO 
BncWxuM fatty 
Br Dredging 


Bureau l Halaffl 
Cawtiraati Rokay 
CanWfl MOnona 

Doughs (RM) 





Frwietl Kw 

Season (MJ) 


lievwooa Wane 

WgjaS FO 
Rwock Jahnsan 
Jtnta (Ji 8 Sons 

DO A' 



L aiSsffJt 



UvsneSs (H«Mu| 

ificMpme IMTradl 


|*]*4r (Btsnlev) 




Nctnngnem Bnck 

P fCI n im or 

Ptioentt T>mjer 


Ru giy Content 




T a ylor Woodrow 


Travis 6 Arnold 











CnartwSn » HM 


334 210 ABingiMkth 

193 1H AttonHim* 

320 200 AniotMgkatM 

151 70 TmcO 

28>, lr. CamsOU 

218 10 Candover 

38 TO Canffmr 

3P, IG 1 . EqiklrkGan 

213 120 HamOra 

1S3 91 IH>T8S<m 

173 114 M a| H * 

47 37 Nm Homo Lora 

4P. 38 Do BN 

213 18 08 

183 • -2 6J 19 

310 • .. 20.0 8J 10 

113 ..9 .. 

123 117 07 

214 29 13 63.0 


IPi • .. 1J 7.4 79 

198 100 54 267 

19* -• .. 61 3.7 Z68 

IS* 69 6-6 22-1 

*3 -2 

£46 .. 000 <75 

Financial trusts, paffd 22 

*4 1.4 ISA 

4.8 3J <32 


Ancnor Qmlml 

Bayer DM50 
Brant Qwm 
Cenrvng [W) 

Conss Bros 

Cory IHoraCB) 
Do DU 

Efts SEverart 
HMknad Wimasl 

hnoCliern hp 


Raaortw* Hugs. 

woferanMnii Rmk 

400 93 
33 SB 18J 
69 27 161 

61 33 67 

700 BA 
103 93 9 3 

51 43 152 

. • . 767 

51 0 0 12.4 

93 17 133 

68 4.5 66 

68 S3 88 
0.7 4A 84 
108 7.7 115 

.. . 10.7 

68 49 189 
119 5.1 9.1 

57 SO 88 
21 4 60 62 

443 5.7 73 

103 30 17.7 
47 45 183 

33 13 167 

3.0 4.7 161 

12 23 152 

li.I 53 67 

2JSa X* Ul 


Baca 107 


BW|»I » 

Emiun 12?, 

EngSXcumCIsy 209 
EdcamOM'S 1 CO, 

BstamHoum 14* 

EtfOpaanFsnVn .1*2 

DoS* fM 124 

Esatad 118 

Evods 113 

EnpmiatM im 

ExM ■ 353 

Mbdb 28 

FaadBsAmlElnd 28 

Faraurtfi 1TB 

Him #w 80 

Haom 421 

Rntton 44 

FMkaBdCtW 108 

FoM 32N 

FnjS^m iffH/v W, 
FcMrgQ 6 Hanray 188 
FfSTcfi (Run**) 90 

BBW • ■» 

GKH- 285 

on ao 

OartcnBw B) 

daman* 103 

Oavaa <23 

Ba*o E16N: 

Syrmd ffi8 

Gemma S3 

Goring Karr *55 

fl rampiw MOft* >88 

Do 5.78% 
Haattar Swmaqr 
Han i u i 
l la sgfetman) 

l Up M grBi CararaiC 
H (MO (JO 

S 5 Si J “ 

Hon Lloyd 
Howard Macnbwv 
TMdson 3 *r 
Hunting Anoc 


Hustm WlarnpoM 

1*3 .43 31 

109 61 TjO 
69 49 13 A 
28 77 139 . 

63 49 119 

Set ' 17* 

52 24 

m R2 


2S is 


■U7 91 

3» JM , 

3*»* 2P- 
9 A . 

TP, ** 

KB 80 

91 85 

138 as 

ia io* ■ 

2*0 « 7 

*M 810 

ZJ1 T* 

133 IWi TumportOrr 

16 Fi tltdvaak l 

SB 38 
994 294 

13* 31 

< 144 M 
120 SO 

■24 ***■ 

2W 184 

%a 2 io 

140 78 

2 D 5 101 

1804 ■ * 2 N 

88 3D 

.rn 110 

170 96 

183 125 

70 3f, 

m ’§? 

294 1*04 

5 1 

J si 

TZ 2 

<98 136 

214 120 

4T8 189 

180 138 

'48* 137 

91 « 

49 18 

47 16 

Kfgff Lan Gacanmur 

147 -its Forum* Sum 

277 220 TrnayUS 

330 280 INH**0MMK 

PWc O.-wnSiL^ 

.513 370 

1*3 18 

351 IB 
an m 
314 19V 

as iso 

537 593 

291 17* 

283 20* 

308 10* 

758 503 

788 0 TB 

723 5*8 

300 217 

777 54S 

34 » 

872 6*2 

226 242 

tn *ft 

308 181 

685 218 

14ia ft 
919 403 

433 278 

821 5)5 

410 332 

754 *12 

450 32D 

578 331 

90* 70* 

365 29 

447 289 

48 as 

JO 100. 
43 22 



4J i> 

61 19 69 124 
14 ZA 
43 23 ZU 
63 09 267 
•0.7 4.t 122 
4.1k 60 169 

74 94 114 
61 1A 1M 
7* 66 6T 
114 63 94 

64 &* 12.1 
106 6* 204 
11A 74 414 
124 24 127 
Si U « 
14 46 124 
24 6* 162 
ai 25 167 
17.1 3.4 361 

19 26 14.1 



gr 4u - 







London 3 Mac 

LA me few 
ia*rt ' 






Trada MamAy 

*2 9* *8 .. 

100 *3 
«*w 894 34 

*2 - 74 1* *57 

379 67 ... 

184 7.1 .. 

• *5 60 32 


♦1 »4 *4 ISO 

-If- 474 51 23 J) 

• 43 314 *7 KL2 

• 410 13A *7 137 

tJ 32.1 66 

-n 314 34 324 

+3 1941 65 114 

• +Z>. 220 34 

*4 94 34 174 

• +20 124 60 322 

+V* 664 47 

+2 344 66 30A 

+5 166 6D ... 

-5 366 64 166 

+6 144 61 163 

♦17 297 34 200 

-10 66 20 261 

♦8 221 40 304 

♦8 305 3* -. 

124 34 134 
♦7 104 U 

InvMtBMat trust*, mm 22 


JarmmMatfi 117 

Jotncndamm 478 

Jatmm M*fltia* w 

JtitnanBPB 23V 

JataOM ZB 

JaealSNpnan K 

Jordan (TnornaS) 142 

Kttmzoo 3 * 

Kaon 2ft 

MarrM 190 

XamadySmla lio 

KarataarW 235 

S2^ T ^ % 

260 54 134 

07 04 .187 
. . .114 

10.4 6* 168 
61-84 65 
95 67 104 

24 114 60 
17 65 184 

11* 60 47 

2» 14 163 
*1 A 61 174 
157 74 92 

7.1 54 307 

02 87 .6 1 j y 


76V MaatTiada 


J 71 * 


1 » 

2 d 

IS 120 Ang8a TV'A" 
«4 26 Gramoun 

1TB 118 HIV N/V 

301 218 LWTWdos 

190 128 Scot TV V 

156 110 TVS U/V 

33 S3 TSW 

♦4 11* 8* 124 

24 64 63 

110 65 61 

208 73 114 
127 87 7.7 

68 64 61 

♦V 2* 7.7 67 



tllqtt Low ConDBm' 


Du Yld 

Price Cfi'qe pence P E 





BU-VriW (H d) 
9ur»nvme e«» 
C-.j«cS , /P/»ay 
G-co .-4 6 >a; 
Hjrtn 4 Hansons 
HigpuM Deg 
lewcfirton put 
le*yiDl !3 

i.'srjcn Tl-dncMn 
SA owaarles 
Scat t t:o» 

Seagran i 




v.hwcaa lr, 
vraMtcrem 6 D 
Vot a 



413 275 Grand M* WO +5 144 U 104 

240 108 K a ramn Braokai 232 -2 1- « 

3J2 241 LadHtM 315 -2 154 44 194 

4G5 3a LonPawHcrar* ta m .. |6 51.1 

96 17 Mount 0 * 1 * 0 * Oft -V 14 2.1 ICO 

112 70 PrUDUOrWHMk JO • 61 3.1 124 

H *V> amansMcm 59V 3* M 166 

*15 353 SawyHoraU'A 378 .. *4 2? 3J-J 

78 29 nen*« 9* .« 17 24 161 

1M 111 Trm di n u sa Fera, 1M .. 79 64 147 

Br Horn* aura* 


1040 54 115 
<1 1 15 

15.8 <4 tM 
102 4 4 11.7 
102 65 11.6 

59 5.1 Sf4 
122 29 152 

14 65 164 

335 703 

320 180 

84 31 

T9 < 

10 58 

85 28 

501 373 

57 <0 

81V ZTV Tim 

1S6 ISO 
46? 267 

31 140 

3M 203 
148 08 

810 277V 






Alice has 






Arxei-JU iHOATij 


. a 

19 B 



♦ T 





:• , 



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Cir> G1 Irtle-d 



17 9 


Ti-i Lcurr-.l--j« 



Linen Ur 




13? ueanana 












f37 175 A SSaa 
2 Qi Q 3 AwWfl 

thi Mwau ■ 46 ~ 

995 49 jgnccrconiitfirt 77 .*5 

79 26 Allan 74 

333 1f5 AtUrBcCenv <*• 

n 25 A«*oF4f Hr o 

230 138 AtfS-S+e 140 J 

273 IBS BICC +* 

185 43 D ' n “ 

238 • *3 11.4 44 174 

192 -2 14 0.7 169 

2.1 24 81 

2,4 i.O IU 

19 14 ?SI 
191 87 111 

2Ab 34 64 

198 111 

257 IK 

128 *3 

301 216 

Ilf 11 

222 1*8 

2 *0 136 

1*5 as 

370 H 

*2 24 

28-, IS 1 , 

425 825 

88 1* 

303 165 

406 303 

a ip* 

3*5 SIB 

13 26 

158 52 

338 278 

87 58 

328 2U 

*08 296 

197 118 

3ft 13V 

4*3 825 

726 160 

1*5 $4 

122 112 

47 38 

210 130 

61 29 

18* 138 

97 66 

391 275 

*i is 

190 132 

IIS 73 


3*3 ZM 

481 120 

32 15 

274 EQ 

in i3S 

103 61 

S3 K 

i 2 B tor, 

ire 73 

2*3 193 

*1 22 

205 90 

IBS 78 

308 223 

274 ISO 

10V 5>. 

386 21* 

2<Vt IS 

138 78 

*12 277 

72 38 

57 30 

6* 26 

150 97 

15* Oft 

156 115 

178 11* 

146 77 

2BZ 188 

458 273 

42 24 

19 10V 

X 22 

in 121 

38 21 

78 50 

233 1ft 

1 « no 

71 30 

81 20 

38 a 

a 33 

295 199 

83 38 

32V » 

if *V 

27 10 

F0 40 

■ft 66 V 

11 61 1M 

86 *4 224 

12 82 112 

18.1 64 28 A 

60 74 102 

11.1 64 11.1 

7.1 U 184 
%7 74 69 
64 2 .T 168 


03 1.1 ISA 

284 60 112 
..a .. *67 
11« A2 
167 *3 167 27 1 IA 

8.1 28 94 

21 61 163 

24 14 

214 54 161 
21 21 64 

13.4 43 104 
164 27 221 
114 7.1 94 

.. ..284 

260 k 62 69 

«4 44 6* 

74 U 167 

29 2 * 160 

6 * 60 134 
737 144 64 

12 69 BO 
64 64 69 

64 74 69 

161 <7 161 

6.1 • 


14 k 2.7 





i 25 






7 A 

6 A ‘ 




160 a io 



16 A 






160 * 17.1 


























S 3 



121 k 94 





14 * 





17 . 9 k 68 





61 - 



















• .. 









• *v 







• *1 






29k XV 



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18 8 






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• .. 

74k 124 







• +3 







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114k 34 







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• +15 


















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• +i 











12 3 











S4b 2* 



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1<4a U 

1ft A 

. , 

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• +1 




7.7k. 61 


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21 A' 

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• -2 










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• .. 

34 . 


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67 . 


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360 74 114 
160 62 
*a 22 .. 

OSLO T 0 -* .. 

126 64 .. 

*64 94 
S54 1&1 
64.0 TD4 
ISM 184 
43 *3 11 



34 03 

ii.i ai 

p It 

,s n 

84 - S 3 
W W 
aj &i 
23 62 
SH 64 


1* Aaanetwc . gg. 

1 e*~-a- 

? sr .9 

■ . tnap A 1 - 137 

^ {Ml? 1 ***** are 

S gS gSLai ■ IS. 

. :! _ TJ *■« iao 

1 •* 4*4 27 125 

■■ ... TM « TU 

* asfl 63 303 

• * 1 ° « 54 fui 

. ^ 94 61 mi 

♦10 £ % Si 

■ . 120 t* 

-a - 1*4 67 134 

■ ■ - 16.1 23 ; 

- 1 * 62 1.7 274 

VjrgflA ■jiff'.'"'. ■ *-■ 

I i 'r\ ' • •O'*’." -Y-- i. • ■ 



■ j. .'<? 






ped HoMIdr.- tiie .mail ware- .. ..T . - JP r /J «pl 1 0 

house deve toper bdoved fey tfr* » v‘ ‘ JL/ (X vJ SGULS 

City offices 

^stockbrokers. is looking for- a 

way toinaimai a its phenomenal 
growth rate. Its net asset value a 
share , climbed from )29p m 
J98r. to 377p in 1985 and the 
company, expects it to. reach 
44gp u^. 1986. 

Peel ;t»des at a premium. 
■' which iruh usual for a property 
company. With hs good ^record, 
lhe-marikei- now expects even 
berterthings from the company. 
But Peel . realizes - that the 
current' boom in retail ware- 
housing cannot last for ever.. ■ 

Mr.. .John - Whittaker. . the 
chairman, says: “We are re- 
tailers of land. Land is jhe 
foundation of our company. It 
can be developed in any shape 
or foim.".. 

Peers' long-ienn straiegy will 
be to sefr single retail warehous- 
es. while the going is good and 
to develop retail paries with 
room for expansion and large 
areas for car parking. But 
looking further ahead, the 
company expects to see such 
sites transformed into pukka, 
out-of-town shopping centres. 

As ' Mr Whittaker explains: 
“The value of .these schemes is 

si v s 

& ‘y ' 

Canno agate Houses - 
sold for £9;75m 

Legal & General Assurance 
(Pensions :Management) .has 
soU Cannongate House in the 
City '.tf. London to Royal Life 
iinsmafree for £9.75 tniOion. The 
offi^thave been* birilt < behind 
the easting Victorian facade, at 
62 Cannon Street. Mercantile 
House Holdings is .the tenant 
for the. 20300 sq ft of space and 
pays' a rent of £440,875 a year 
■on a 25-year lease from October 
1982 with .five-year reviews. The 
!yieMV .is about- 5 per. cent 
Richard EHis acted for L & G 
*wi St Quin tin advised Royal 
- -Life. 

in lhc kwet and it ‘-is easyto and nceds a hedge. Moreover, it 
redevelop tarking . space -aiid will -be coming back to the 
simple buildings, like warehous- ’ • - • - 

«- In 10 years' time retail 
warehouse parks, could be out- 
of-town shopping centres." 

In the short term. Peel is on 
the Iqok-pin for an . industrial 
propeny portfolio with :-tax 
losses. Jt will -have- to start 
paying tax in the nexfyearorso 

market for more money. ' 

A‘£I7 million' rights issue was 
.approved by shareholders : on 
January 8. But Peel had 
intended going -for a debenture 
issue.'i favourite form of fund- 
raising among property com- 
panies: m jhe end of -last year. 
However, interest rates have 

risen since then and the 
company is wailing to see if 
they fall again before making an 
issue of- that kind. The cash 
raised wilt finance Peel's expan- 
sion especially its push into the 
South of Britain. It will have 
£50 million of borrowings by 

Peel has more than 100 sites 
under, consideration at the 
moment and it expects to 
develop about 15 per cent of 
these.* Bui it is not p r epared to 
pa y what it regards as silly 
prices for sites in the South-east. 

h was one of the bidders for 
the retail warehouse site at 
Neasdcn. London, bought by 
IK£A, the Scandinavian furni- 
ture retailer. 

Peel put .in a bid at £14 
million, which would have 
given it an adequate if unexcit- 
ing return 'on capital. The 
successful offer totals around 
£12 million, but that is for an 
owner-occupier. , 

„ . J Holmes is out for the 

forllS . “““> bnt . stm . 

& Edinburgh m tends to make good 

London & Edinburgh Trust, the 
property company run by 
Beckwith brothers, looks to 
have completed a fine deal in 
Paris by selling the second 
phase of its refurbishment at 42 
Rue d' Anjou to the French 
pension fund for retail chemists. 

The yield on the building is 
about 6 per cent based on a rent 
of Fr3,000 (£282) a sq metre. 
The building has yet to be let at 
that level which would set 
record price for such a large 
amount of space. The second 
phase has 150,000 sq ft of space. 

The developers LET, Balfour 
Beatty, the company's partner 
on other projects in Britain, and 
Capital and Continental, a 
locally based firm run by two 
E n glishmen 

LET became involved with 
Rue D’ Anjou through Capital 

By Keith Macklin 

Peel was working on a 7 per “<* Continental but so for the 

cent yield and a rent of £7 a sq 

Peel works on. yields of about 
8 per cent in the South and 10 
per cent in the North. Averaged 
out. its retail warehouse devel- 
opments are put in the books at 
yields of S.5 percent. 

’ borrowing rises to £6 . 6bn 


TheTatest report from foe 
Bant of England shows that 

Jrose from £4.9 bODon in 

- November 1984 to £6.6 bmion 

- in November 1985. 

The largest rise canie from the 
overseas banks, excluding those 
. from the US. Their lending went 
up from £785 million in 
; - November 1984 to £1.59 billion 
. in November 1985. The 
nationality of the banks Is not* 

; given but it is believed that the 
.AostralianandSoEndiaavian . 
banks are high on. the list. 

- The Japanese banks also 
increased lendnm dramatically, 

- albeit from a JorHeveL Loans to 
.property companies rose from a 

mere £3 mfflfon in Noveg&ber, 
1984 to £46 million in 
November 1985. Consortium 
bank lending also rose from £4 
million to £29 mflfion for the 
same period. . * - * 

Comparable figures- are not 
available for the period before 
the property crash but (be . 
indications are that there is ; 
little difficulty in- raising money 
for property companies at the 
moment. " 

• Hays Galleria, part of St ' 
Martins Property Corporation's 
£120 million City development 
stretching from London Bridge 
to.Tower Bridge on the south 
side of thfe Thames wffl be let to 
a variety of resfoiirant and 

*. pf&cMrelated retailers. Hymans 
is a possibility and there are - 
several wine bars, pub and ' - 
restaurant groups engaged In ‘ 

. talks with Donaldsons. and 
Jones Lang Wootton, the letting 

It wifl not be long before : 
office tenants takeop occupancy 
in the St Martins scheme^ an- 1 
indioitioa of the need for pty- 
based financial conglomerates 
to take large amoonts of space 
in advance of the big bang. .* 
Qticdip is -thought to be talcing 
nearly all the phase one space: 
Wlco, GaDoway & Pearson, the 
st ockbrokerpwned by Exco, will 
also residence in the 
■ nearJutnjre. :. 7 * ‘ 

• While the debate about the 
feasibility and merits of the 10 
minion sq ft office scheme in 
Docklands at Canary Wharf ' 
goes on, the London Docklands 
Development Corporation is 
* letting land outside tire Isle of 
Dogs enterprise zone. British 
Telecom, the answer to 
developers* prayers at the 
mofnent, has taken' a 23-acre 
site on the Cody Business 
Centre, in east London close to 
theBtaickwall Tunnel on the 
north side of the river. Henry 
Butcher & Co, the corporation's 
agent for the scheme, says that 
20 acres of the 40-acre estate 
are already let. FT will be foe 
first to move 

company has yet to secure 
another Paris scheme although 
it is -looking for- one. 

Hard on the beds of the sale 
of the Paris property, which has 
a third phase yet to be 
developed and sold, comes the 
flews that the company has 
bought 17 Stratton Street and 
61 Citizen Street in London's 
West End. LET bought 74 St j 
James's Street nearby, a short 
time ago. 

The company has bought the 
two properties from CIN 
Properties. . the Coal Board 
Pension Fund's property arm. 
LET has also acquired the 
former offices of Clive lewis & 
Partners, the estate agent at 16 
Stratton Street- The developer 
wants to redevelop the space 
with 48,000 sq ft of offices in 
one building and 12,000 sq ft in 

The 16 Stratton Street prop- 
erty would be converted ‘into 
luxury apartments. 

Healey & Baker acted for 
CIN in the sale with Clive 
Lewis acting on. its own 
account. LET was advised by 
Hoddell Stotesbury. 

Terry Holmes is to have an 
operation to put a pin in his 
shoulder, and will not play for 
Bradford Northern again th,« 
season. He suffered -another dislo- 
cation of his shoulder when playing 
tor Northern reserves against Bailey 
on Tuesday night. He will, however, 
come to live with his* family in 
Bradford within the next few weeks 
and will play for Northern next 

Ronnie Heard, a Northern 
director and rugby league council 
member, said yesterday: Terry is 
determined to fulfil the terms of his 
contract with us. and is bitterly 
upset at what has happened. There 
is no question of him not playing 
again. Barry Sea bourne, the Brad- 
ford Northern coach, had the same 
operation performed on both 
shoulders, yet continued his career 
for Northern and then Keighley 
with both shoulders pinned.** * 

Holmes returned to his South 
Wales home after an emergency 
operation at the Yorkshire Clink on 
Tuesday. Earlier, in his second game 
for Northern, be tackled Madden, a 
Bailey forward, fell to the ground in 
pain and immediately walked off 
the field. Ronnie Banin, the 
Bradford Northern physiotherapist, 
said: “It is the same shoulder that 
was dislocated at Swimon on 
December 8.” 

In that debut game Holmes lasted 
only 13 minutes before he was 
helped off the field with his left 
shoulder dislocated. It is an injury 

which has troubled him throughout 
his career as a Welsh international 
and British Lion, and the specialist's 
advice to have the shoulder pinned 
is the only logical step for the dub 
and player to take. 

The club officials still believe, 
however, and want to believe, that 
the man carrying the tag of the 
world's greatest scrum half will still 
justify the £80.000, foe which 
brought him north. 

• Yesterday's management com 
mirtee meeting issued a severe 
reprimand to Alex Murphy, the St 
Helens coach, and warned him 
about his future conduct. Murphy 
was dismissed from the touchline 
and sent into the grandstand by 
Deryk Fox. the referee, abusing the 
official during the Halifax v St 
Helens game at Headingley. 

• Although Oldham and Dew. 
sbury were accused of taking port in 
a brawl during their recent match, 
the committee decided to take no 
further action, since the players had 
been separately dealt with by the 
disciplinary committee. 

Oldham rugby league dub 
yesterday put Mick WorraU. the 
former Great Britain forward on the 
transfer list at £65.000. The 2 3-yea j 1 - 
old second row forward, who toured 
Australia two years ago. said he was 
looking fora fresh challenge. 

• Tony Burke, the St Helen's prop- 
valued at £40.000. has been taken 
off the transfer list at his own 




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s • 


Widnes seek silver 
lining and gold pots 

The most staggering facet of Joe 
Lydon's £100,000 transfer from 
Widnes to Wigan was not the world 
record cash fee. nor was it Wigan's 
sizing spending spree total of 
)0.0u0 this season. What caused 
eyes to pop and heads to spin with 
incredulity thronghoat the rugby 
league world was die statement by 
Ron Close, the. Widnes secretary, 
that “without the money we would 
have folded op within a month." 

Yet this is the same Widnes dob 
that became known as die cap kings 
in the 1970s and early 1980s. The 
sll-conq tiering trophy specialists 
played in no fewer than seven 
Wembley finals between 1975 and 
1984, wiiming fonr and losing three. 

In that same period they appeared 
in five John Player finals, won the 
premiership three times, aid the 
Lancashire Cop 'five times. Year 
after year Widnes were bankers for 
senri-final and final appearances in 
the main trophy events, with their 
coffers perpetually swollen by die 
lion's share of gates and fat 

Total attendance receipts for 
Challenge Cop funds at Wembley 
nutged'from £149,000 in 1975 to 
£686.000 in 1984. Even Caking into 
account the sharing with 

opponents, the League, Wembley 
Stadium and the' cop pool. Widnes 
had a sizeable annual income from 
knockout trophy finals and sponsor- 

So whine has all the money gone? 
Close explained: “Widnes have paid 
the price of success. Winning 
matc h es and trophies means paying 
huge bonuses to players and 
coaches. In the T < eagtw > . with 
declining gates, winning money still 
has to be paid.** 


Keith Macklin 

This season, although Widnes lie 
in second place in division one, 
attendances have again dipped. In 
1977-8 home crowds averaged 7,486; 
the present average is jnst over 
3.000. and wages and bonuses s till 
have to be paid. On tup of everything 
came a bumped-up insurance 
demand, from £3,000 to £17.000 
after a small lire at the ground, and 
then the cruellest blow of all, an 
est im ated £60.000 bfll for essential 
repairs under the Safety at Sports 
Grounds Act. 

Two overseas players were bought 
with handsome five-figure fees. Kurt 
Sorenson from New Zealand, and 
Steve Rogers, from Australia, and 
the Rogers purchase proved ao 
unmitigated disaster. The unfortu- 
nate player broke his leg after 12 
minutes of his first game at Wigan. 

The crock came from the bank a 
few weeks ago. The overdraft was 
getting dangerously near the limit of 
£120.000. “We either had to sell one 
of our best players or go out of 
business. It was as straightforward 
as that.*' Close said. 

So. one of the greatest Widnes 
assets, Joe Lydon, went to Central 
Phriu Erie Hughes, the coach, 
resigned. Doggie Laughton, has 
replaced him to revive memories of 
the good years, and the fens bowled 
ibcvr anger at the departure of an 
idoL But Widnes survived, and 
having won so many pots oT gold, are 
now looking for a financial rainbow. 


The influence 
of youth 
is decisive 

By Colin McQuillan 

The Oasis Club ai Marlow, 
Buckinghamshire, was yesterday 
strangely deserted as the last eight 
players in the British under-23 open 
squash championships prepared 

quietly for today's semi-finals. But 
the influence of what is effectively 
(he world-championships for the last 
junior age group of the game, was 
still rippling out among other major 

Ardleigh Hall, the Essex Country 
Club, stretched away to an eight- 
point lead in the American Express 
Premier National League with a 
crashing 4-1 win over Squash 
Leicester, based upon the sharp 
aggression of their youihful lower 
order freshly returned from Marlow. 
Ardleigh * first string, Hiddy Jahan, 
was so enthused by the perform- 
ances of Paul . Carter, Del Harris and 
Matthew Oxley that he fought back 
from a two-game deficit to defeat 
Stuart Davenport. 

Hiddy's younger brother. Zarak. 
aged 18, achieved indirect impact 
upon the national league by taking 
so long beating Paul Sy moods in 
their late afternoon British Open 
quarter-final that the young South 
African was too late to register for 
his place in the Cannons Club line- 
up against Dunning MilL The 
London team scraped home 3-Z but 
the absence of Symonds was looking 
potentially catastrophic until the 
Dunnings Mill fifth string. Paid 
Gregory, broke down with ham- 
string injury in the secod game 
against Robert Graham. 

Today's semi-finals in the British 
under 23 Open pit England's Robot 
Owen against Rodney Martin, of 
Australia, and Sweden's Frederik 
Johnson against 2^irak - Jahan. 
representing Pakistan. 

Caroons 3. Dumktgs MB 2. Squcflfi Lfecntv 
1. Armagh Hat 4. Redwood Lout a. 
EdgtustDfi Priory 2; Nottingham 3. Cnapoi 
Alston 2 L**9M p osU aMt t. Armagh Hal. 
56 pcs. 2, Chapel Atom 48: 3. Notnngham. 
47: 4 Manchester Northern 48. 5. Caimans. 
43: 6. EagbaGton Pray. 41. 7. DunmlM. 
40. 8. Sauesh Leicester. 34: 9, AnrUey 33. 10. 
Redwood Lodge, IB. 


Freight Rover Trophy 
Northern section 

Blackpool v Wrexham 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: Rotherham v Notts 

County (7.0)1 Btacksum Rovers v LAfcpanr Coy 


(joSixM SENIOR CUP: First taunt Hounslow 
v Epsom and Emi. 

mouth v Tonyay 

carlsbem niter onnaoN; Ham 

B ir m in g ha m Butts v Manchester Bunts 
(7 301 . 

NATIONAL TROPHTi First reuitt SandmU 
MaS v 0PCC Rams Oeitiy (8-OJ. 

BQXMOE RAF v Army (RAF HStofl) 

SQUASH RACKETS: Bus Strains Britten U23 
open (Paste Ctuh, Mariovq. 


Budd enters 

Zola Budd has entered the 
English national championships at 
Leicester next month despite being 
forced out of the event Iasi year by 
anti-apartheid protesters. 

Budd. who was born in South 
Africa but is now a British citizen, 
has said she wants to run on 
Februaiy 15 but will not make a 
definite decision until nearer the 

A year ago at Birkenhead. 19- 
year-oJd Budd was leading when 
protesters rushed on to the course 
and forced her out of the race. Now 
organisers and police lace the 
prospect of trying to avoid a repeal 
of the incident if Budd, who returns 
from training in South Africa today 
decides to take part. 

Vera Duerdin. the secretary ofthe 
English Women's Cross-country 
Association, said: “Wc know Zola 
wants to run and we hope she will 
be aUowed to. No one will object to 
people waving banners if that's what 
they want to do. but wc don't want a 
repetition of last year.” 

If Budd decides the event is not 
worth the risk- she seems certain to 
be allocated one of the two 
additional England places to defend 
her world title in Switzerland in 
March. The first four finishers in the 
national event are automatically 


are safe 

Organisers of next month's world 
12-metre yachting championships 
off Penh, Australia, have averted a 
boycott threat by agreeing that 
entrants can keep their America’s 
Cup designs secret. Eight of the 
teams had considered pulling out 
because of fears that the competi- 
tors* need to produce rating 
certificates would force them to 
reveal design secrets of their 
raillion-dollar yachts built for the 
America's Cup, to be held off Perth 
later this year and early next year. 

Now, according to Bruno Trouble. 
French manager of the America's 
Cup preliminaries, the organisers, 
the Royal Penh Yacht Gub. have 
decided to accept a declaration bv 
each team that their yacht meets the 
design rules. 

SWIMMINGs Adrian Moorhousc 
(City of Leeds) has withdrawn 
from England's team for the 
Spccdo international in Amersfoort, 
Holland, this weekend. The Euro- 
pean breast-stroke champion is 
short of training following a bout of 

HORSE TRIALS: Prize money for 
the winner of April's Badminton 
horse trials has been increased by 
£1.000 to £6.000. This will take the 
total for the Whitbread -sponsored 
championship to £33.000. Although 
horses selected for the British team 
taking part in the world three-day 
event championships in Australia in 
May are ineligible because of 
quarantine regulations, the riders 
will be competing on their second 

GOLF: Carl Mason will lead a 10- 
man British team against a West 
African side in a three-day 
tournament which starts in Lagos, 
on January 31. The other members 
or the British team are Tommy 
Horton. Ewcn Murray. Brian 
Barnes. John Morgan, Malcolm 
Gregson. Paul Hoad. Martin Poxon, 
Gordon Brand jnr and Roger 

BADMINTON: Prince Andrew, 
patron of the Badminton Associ- 
ation of England Open, is to attend 
the finals ofthe Yonex All England 
Open championships at Wembley 
Arena on March 16. The Prince 
formally open the National Bad- 
minton Centre at Milton Keynes 
and meet officials and players on 
April 1— 


rally ends 
at a stroke 

By Sydney Friskin 

Richmond ...... 2 

London University .... 1 

Richmond held off a late rally by 
London University yesterday to 
achieve their seventh victory in the 
Pizza Express London League. The 
match finished on an exciting note 
with London failing to convert a 
penalty stroke which would have 
enabled them to save the match. 

London have had a fairly good 
record in the League this season 
with seven wins in 1 7 matches and 
they were hoping for another win 
after their fine performance recently 
in Barcelona where they finished 
runners-up to the Real Club, who 
beat them 7-3 in the finaL 
Richmond took command of this 
game in the second half and were 
leading 2-0 before London came 

The home side took a little time 
to settle down but then Atkinson, on 
their right wing, began to show his 
speed and when he was obstructed 
inside the circle Richmond were 
awarded a short corner. Sefton 
made a good save from Gallimore 
and GirdwoocTs attempt to score on 
the rebound was frustrated by 
Hickman, whodcared off the line. 

In the last eight minutes before 
the interval Richmond looked more 
assertive and eventually scored 
from their sixth short comer when 
Diamond's shot went through a 
packed defence. 

Richmond began the second half 
31 great speed and increased their 
lead from ibeir second short comer 
in this period. Wells pushing a weak 
shot into goaL London then took 
)iay into Richmond's territory and 
breed four short corners, the last in 
this sequence proving successful 
with Blake scoring from a scramble. 

With barely two minutes to go 
Rogers, the Richmond goalkeeper, 
was penalised for concealing the ball 
in a scramble but Ward, who took 
the penally stroke, did not quite get 
hold or it an Rogers made an easy 

RICHMOND: A Ragan. B w«U». M 
C^llimoTw. M Banluid. P Newton. G 
Taylor D Atkrnoa I dm wood. C 


enrfaca), P O'DonnrU -Si Mary*SL M BloKe 

6oUeqc>. C HicKman 

Oolleaw. s rammer (King's Qoliegei. 

Baxter (King's College Hosmuu). M Run 1 

OokxsmtRTu. P Kiruano (St Ttwm»-u. C 
MKWLe (SI . Tn onus's I. _ R Thompsoo 

K Nelson 

Offshore netting affects 
Tweed salmon catches 

By Conrad Voss Bark 

a very l 

salmon catches in 1984. The official 
Bgnres. jnst published, show that 
the total number of salmon and 
grilse reported caught was 320,292. 
That was 10 per cent less that in 
1983 hot about average for the five 
years 1979-83. Bnt the proportion of 
salmon (innfti-sea-wuiier fish) 
caught compared with grilse (the 
smaller maiden fish) was the lowest 
since records were started in 1952. 

The lack of the big s al m on, taken 
with a decrease in the average 
weight of grilse, resulted in the total 
catch weight (1.012 tonnes) being 
the lowest since 1952. Much of the 
decrease in the Scottish catch can be 
attributed to the drop In the number 
or fish caught in the eastern region. 
Htere was a large decline in the 
number taken in the Tweed district 
where the catch of 17,435 was 59 per 
cent down on 1983 and 24 per cent 
down on the previous record low of 
1976. The report, which is purely 
statistkaL does not explain why the 
Tweed area has suffered so much 
compared with others; bnt the most 
probable reason is the enormous 
increase in netting night and day off 
the Northumbrian and Yorkshire 
coasts* Most of the salmon taken by 

these coastal nets are on a return 
path to the Tweed. 

In contrast to the Tweed region, 
other eastern districts showed a 
slight increase in their catches and 
all districts in the north-east, except 
the Don and rbe Ythan. also 
reported more fish caught- Regions 
from the north round to the Clyde 
coast all showed decreases, the most 
marked being on the west coast. In 
the Solway Firth, however, the calch 
was over 25.000 fish, well above the 
long term average and the highest 
reported since 1968. 

Licensed netsmen did badly, in 
one case being 28 per cent down on 
(be 1983 catch. The total commer- 
cial catch was 790 tonnes and the 
rod and line catch was down lo 221 
tonnes, approximately 58.000 fedt. 

• Copies or the Statistical Bulletin 
Scottish Salmon and Sea Hunt 
Catches can be obtained, price 75p, 
from Scottish Office library. N« w 
Si Andrews House, Edinburgh. 


TILE 1 iivi£S THURSDAr JANUAkV 23 1986 


Soviets find South Koreans take 

set the 

as we. 

as in the 

Reading, who arc leading the 
no fewer than 10 players, 
including their 1 0-goal forward. 
Trevor Senior, under treatment. 
The midfield player. White and 
the winger. Rogers, have been 
ruled out of Saturday's FA Cup 
fourth-round home lie with Bun. 

-It'S the worst injury situ- 
ation we have had since I have 
been here.' the dub manager. 
Ian B ran loo u said. Reading 
fielded a depleted side in their 
Freight Rover Trophy d- 0 
hammering by Bournemouth on 
Tuesday. Only five first-team 
regulars were on the pitch at the 
end pi the match. 

Another third division side. 
Bristol Rovers, will lake nearly 
4.000 supporters with them for 
their tie aL Luton Town. "The 
demand has been amazing and 
»e are already guaranteed from 
ticket sales a’ bigger following 
than we had for Saturday's 
home game in the League." 
Gordon Bcnnetu the club's 
managing director, said. 

A crowd of 3.592 saw that 
game as Rovers beat Darlington 
3-1. "Our allocation of stand 
seats was quickly snapped up 
and we have only a hundred or 
two ground tickets left". Ben- 
nett added. 

Rovers trained on Luton's 
artificial pitch at Kenilworth. 
Road, today. They are worried 
about their defence. Baier. their 
experienced left back, damaged 
a hamstring against Swindon 
Town on Tuesday and will be 
out of action for a month. 

His deputy. Lee Ponch. who 
came on for" the second half in 
the 2-1 win in the Freight Rover 
Trophy is also out with badly 

Bradshaw the West Brom- 
wich Albion goalkeeper, who 
has not played since November 
7. has had his comeback 
delayed. Bradshaw, who be- 
came the No I choice at the 
Hawthorns earlier in the season, 
has had his injured wrist put 
back in plaster, holding up his 
return for a further three weeks. 

The midfield player. Macken- 
7ic has come through an 

exploratory knee operation 
without anything serious having 
been Tound. and would be back 
in full training next week. 

Bryan Robson, the England 
and Manchester United cap- 
tain. who has played for only 12 
minutes in the last three 
months, was due to make his 
comeback in a Central League 
match at Barnsley last night. 

Back from Amsterdam, 
where he has spent 10 days 
having treatment from a 
physiotherapist. Robson will 
give his hamstring and calf 
injuries a thorough tesL If there 
was no adverse reaction he 
hoped to be in line for a first- 
team comeback in the FA Cup 
lie at Sunderland on Saturday. 

Robson badly pulled a 
hamstring during England's 5-0 
World Cup victory over Turkey 
at Wembley on October 15. 
After constant treatment he 
returned for Manchester Ltaited 
at Sheffield Wednesday on 
November 9 but lasted only 12 
minutes before the hamstring 
went again. 

A month later he was again 
on the verge of a first-team 
return when he pulled a calf 
muscle in training. McGrath, 
his United colleague, who has 

twisted right knee ligaments and missed three games with ankle 
is not expected to play again trouble, was also due to play last 
this season. night at Bamslev. 

the route 
back to goal 

Senior: the 19-goal forward is one of the injured 10 

Tottenham given a warnin 

New York ( AP) - With a revitalized 
attack and a new generation cl 
players, the Soviet Union could 
surprise many people at the World 
Cup finals in Mexico. 

• Led by forwards Oleg Proiassov 
and a rejuvenated - Oleg Blokhin, 
and supported by the youthful 
attacking midfield player Feodor 
Tcherenkov. the Soviet team has 
suddenly rediscovered its scoring 

The traditional Soviet game was 
conservative and defensive produc- 
ing a suing of failures and 
elimination in the I9S4 European 
Championship qualification stage. 
Anxious to end years of World Cup 
frustration, the Soviet Football 
Federation recently named their 
third manager in four years. Eduard 


He is 43. a former forward who 
scored 100 goab during his career 
with Dynamo of Minsk, and under 
h?i guidance the team has become 
more daring while still maintaining 
an excellent defence that includes 
the highly-regarded goalkeeper 
Rinat Dassacv. 

Malofcyev accomplished the task 
of qualifying the team foi the World 
Cup after a dismal start in a group 
which included Denmark, Norway. 
Switzerland and the Republic of 

The Soviet Union lost two and 
drew another Iwo of their five initial 
matches. But they finished in a rush, 
winning their last three matches 
without allowing a goat and 
finishing first in their group. 
Denmark gained the other berth foi 

Malofeyev was lucky to have 
Pro lasso v. a 21-ycar-o!d forward 
from the Dnepropetrovsk team. He 
scored 35 goals ia 33 games in the 
National Championship in 1985. a 
Soviet record. In 16 matches with 
the national team he scored '1C 

Blokhin, the 33-year-o!d left 
winger from Dynamo Kiev, whe 
was Europe's "Player of the Year- 
in 1975. suddenly discovered his old 
form under the inspiration ot 

The Soviet coach developed 
tactics based on lightning attacks 
spearheaded by Protassov and 
Blokhin, and launched by the 
precise passing and ball-control ol 
Tcherenkov. a 23-year-old mid- 
fielder from Spartak Moscow. 

Malofeyev is confident. "We are 
as good as any team, and l know wc 
will do as well as any other team," 
he said. 

to route ‘66 for 
a Mexican surprise 

jsfi «nL- ,rrs asxsrs' 

forward to two gift points when they can compete with any 
meet South KoSa in the World Cup world.” kg. 

.n Mexico this. June. But Italy are pbj-nealiy wbnvma tm 
unlikely to dismiss their Group A improve our tackling ano « 
rivals lightly. 

Italy travel u? Mexico as World 
Cup ‘holders and among the 
favourites to win the ‘986 

pieces- _ 

Kim will take his team to Europe 
in mid-February for a one-month 
training stint and the squad will 
leave for Mexico for acclimatisation 

competition, just as they were when a j K)Ut f our weeks before the finals 
they arrived. in England in 196- wit kicfcort • 

the much-vaunted Italian side ot _u -p^ c south Koreans are a mixture 
years ago returned home in disgrace f stasonK j professionals, including 
after bing knocked out_ in the _ first veteran captain Park Chang-Scn, 

phase after 

losing 1-0 to North and a num bcr of promising 

The South Koreans may prove 
every bit as dangerous as their 
neighbours although it is 32 years 
since they last qualified for the 
World Cup finals when they were 
crushed 9-0 by Hungary and 7-0. by 
Turkey in Switzerland. Having 
guided his side through a tough 
qualifying section against Japan. 
Indonesia and Malaysia, manager 
Kim Jung-Nam was making no idle 

‘voungsters. The best known inter- 
nationally is 33-year-ddwingcrC^ 

Bum Kun who plays fw 
German club Bayer Uverfaaen- 
Cha, who has been based in West 
Germany since l? 7 ** fon T, a 
2 win spearhead with Choi Soob-Ho, 
a fast and free-scoring forward. 

Another man to watch a Huh 
Jung-Moo, who had a spell with 
Dutch club PSV Eindhoven and is 
gcncraly regarded as the best 
midfielder in South Korea. 


predictions when he said: '*1 hardly midfielder in aourn e-oiw. 
expect such things will happen this Jong- Boo. -1. and ^ °°_~^Vy u .i!^ 
My team is the best South 21 are promising newcomm wto 

in four 

year. My . team 
Korea has produces 

But Kim was realistic enough to 
concede: "Italy. Bulgaria and 
Argentina are superior to us in every 
respect, but they wfll find ii 
extremely difficult to brush us 
aside." A former international 
defender. Kim took over the 
national team in March 1985 
im mediately after South Korea had 
been beaten 1-0 by Malaysia in an 
.Asian Zone qualifying game. He had 
an immediate impact and led the 
team to five successive wins against 
Malaysia (2-01. Indonesia (2-0 and 
4-1 ) and Japan (2-1 and i-0k 

South Korea also showed up well 
in a tournament in Mexico last 
month where they lost 2-1 to the 
hosts and i-0 to Hungary but beat 

helped South Korea gain fourth 
place in the 1983 World Youth Cup 
in Mexico and their taknts could 
blossom when • they return this 
summer. .. ... 

While South Korea are suu 
developing as a football nation, they 
could, like North Korea before 
them, spring at least one major 

Yesterday’s results 

CENTRAL LEAGUE: Fk»I SMsIme Blscktavn v 

l*—, s. a*** 


IRISH LEAGUE: CrtiMdars *, ttstBary 1. 





cancelled: Cross Kip v Pontypridd, ewicefca. 

Top players Molby sees 

in tax row 

no hope 
for Ipswich 

The Tottenham Hotspur man- 
ager. Peter Sii reeve, took his players 
to spy on Saturday's FA Cup 
opponents. Notts County, and after 
rheir 1*1 draw at Brentford on 
Tuesday night. Tottenham know 
their third division opponents will 
give them a run tor their money, 
although Brentford should have 
won. with the midfield player. Andy 
Simon, missing an eleventh minute 

County took the lead in the 56th 
minute, when Hunt headed home 
Smalley’s cross. Brentford scored a 
deserved equalizer in the 51st 
minute when their centre half. 

Evans, headed a Sinton corner into 
the roof of the net. 

The Bournemouth forward. Colin 
Clarke, hit high-flying Reading with 
four goals as the third division 
leaders lost 5-0 in the Freight Rover 

Clarke scored from the penalty 
spot after eight and 40 minutes and 
added two more in the last five 
minutes. Reading's Horrix missed a 
60ih minute penalty. 

Cambridge United. a goal down 
alter 55 seconds, when Peterbo- 
rough United's Gallagher scored, 
scored four times after half-time to 
win 4-f. their third win in four 

games. Crown scored 25 seconds 
alter the restart and again in the last 

The Walsall manager. Alan 
Buckley, was ordered out of the dug- 
out for touchline coaching as his 
team won 1-0 at Plymontb Argyle. 
The transfer-listed O' Kelly scored in 
the 1 7[h minute. 

Benjamin netted Northampton 
Town's 82nd minute winner in a 2-1 
victory against Colchester United 
when they were down to 10 men. 
Hill suffered a suspected broken 
nose and had six stitches inserted 
after colliding with the Colchester 
goalkeeper. Chamberlain. 

Bond ‘favourite’ for 
Birmingham job 

Rome (AFP) - The Italian finance 
ministry has accused the players 
who won the World Cup for Italy in 
1982 of evading payment of S37.000 
(£27.000) in taxes on their winners' 
bonuses worth $125,000. 


MILK CUP: flHJi round- Uvorpool 3. IpswKh 

THIRD QiVlSlON: Brentford 1. Nous County 1 
FREtttrr ROVER TROPHY: Northern eecUon: 
Cr.--sierfieia 1. Burnley 2. Doncaster l. 
Mansfield <fc Romerftam 3. Hartlepool O: 
Srumhorpe 3. HaUax 2: Wrexham 1 . Port Vale 
i Southern section: Sou mem own 5. Reading 
Q. Bnstoi Rovers 2. Swmoon 1; Cambridge 
Untied 4. Peterborough I: Newport 1 . Cardn U: 
norjampton 2. Cdchester I. Plymouth 0. 
ivaisan 1 

COLA LEAGUE: Barrow 0. Runcorn 4. Fnddey 
1 Noritr.vicJi 0 

FA TROPHY: Second round replay: Soutnport 

I. Scarborough J fa«). 

miSH LEAGUE- Un Held S. Glen wan 1. 
SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Premier dMalon: 
WUienhBl 4. Shepshed 0. Midland division: 
ReddOcti 2. Bision I. Southern dMsnn: 
WatertoovUe D. Canterbury 1 . 
VAUXHALL-OPEL l-EAQUE: Premier tfivfakxv 
Slough 4. Epsom and Ewel 4. Feet dviaion: Si 
A bans Q. WanUMy l. Second iMsien south: 
Marlow l. Bansteaa 4: Whyiefeafs t. 
Metropolitan Poflce 1. 

CENTRAL LEAGUE First dhnsfon: Everton 0 . 
Derby l. Manchester City 3. Sheffield 
Wednesday (t Wigan 0. H udders Held 3. 

2; QPR 1. Arsenal 4; Swansea 0. Chelsea 3. 
Swindon v Watford postponed. 

LONDON SENIOR CUP: First round: Bailing 0. 
Woodtora i: Boreham Wood i. Brtmsdown 
Rovers 4; Carsnalton 7. Clapton 1 : Hampton 0, 
Woking 1: Hendon 3. Edgwara 1; Leyton stone 

ung 1 : . _ 

and I fiord 2. Cheshunt 0; Hoddeadon 

Second division: Blackpool 

G. Stoke 0; MtddtesProugfi S. 

Bolton 0; 

1. BurrMy 0: 

4, Sunderland 1. 

Leytor- Wingate 2. Staines 2. Feitham 1 
Saffron Walden a. 

KENT SENIOR CUP: Second round: 
Foftestone 0. Dover 1. 

SUSSEX SENIOR CUP: Fourth round: 
Eastbourne United 2, Hastings 2; Lowes 0. 
Worthing 1. 

John Bond is ready to step back 
into football management at the lop 
level with Birmingham City. Bond 
emerged as favourite for the job 
alter caretaker-manager Keith Leo- 
nard was sacked yesterday - less 
than a week after taking over from 
Ron Saunders. 

Birmingham will announce their 
decision today and Ken Wheldon. 
chairman of the first division club, 
said: "He is experienced and that is 
a priority because, first and 
foremosL we are looking to stay in 
the first division." 

Bond saw long and distinguished 
service with Bournemouth and 
Norwich City before replacing 
Malcolm Allison aL Manchester 
City. He moved to Burnley and his 
last appointment with Swansea City 
ended when the Welsh club were 
threatened with liquidation last 

If Bond does take charge or St 
Andrews, it will be the third time he 
has followed in the footsteps of 
Saunders, who has also been 

manager at Norwich and Man- 
chester City. 

Gary Pendrey. the former 
Birmingham full-back and now 
assistant manager at Walsall, was 
the initial favourite but his chances 
seemed to have died with Whcl- 
don's demand for experience. 

Leonard was given temporary 
charge at Birmingham when 
Saunders quit after complaining 
that lack of finance was hindering 
his attempt to ensure the club's first 
division survival. The crisis came to 
a head following Birmingham's 
shock defeat in their FA Cup tie 
with Go la League side Altrincham 
last week. 

Leonard's managerial experience 
extended to only one match - last 
Saturday's 2-0 home defeat by 
League champions Evenon. 

Whoever is entrusted with 
piloting Birmingham to first 
division safety will need to end a 
disastrous run in which the 
Midlands club have failed to win in 
1 8 attempts. 

The players involved are threaten- 
ing to boycott Italy's next inter- 
national match, a friendly against 
1982 losing finalists West Germany, 
in Avellino on February 4. unless the 
Italian Football Federation backs 
their refusal to pay. 

A players* spokesman said: "The 
football federation told us we needn't 
pay any more tax on those special 
bonuses." But federation chairman 
Federico SordiUo. said the inter- 
nationals would have to pay op like 
everyone else. 

The players could be imprisoned 
for tax evasion offences, though the 
ministry is expected to try to 
negotiate a settlement with the 

The new accusations are the third 
financial scandal* to hit Italian 
football this season. The first came 
with allegations that the chairman 
of Roma tried to bribe the referee of 
a key European Cop match against 
Dundee United. And this week a 
takeover bid for AC Mflan was 
halted when a federation investi- 
gator discovered that the club were 
nearly S4 million overspent 

^ 1 d I7»3 0 W I 

Mi dividends subject to rescratiny. MATCHES PLAYED IStb JAN. 





24 PTS £21,428-70 

23PTS £555-06 

22V2PTS £86*34 

22PTS £28-83 

211/2 PTS £16-62 

21 PTS £3-90 

Trcfcfa CfcJtce rfwidgaifa in anita triVSy 

4 DRAWS £13-45 

10 HOMES £10-35 

4AWAYS £T70 

Atm Ji i ifamb to nans MlOp 
Expenses and Contmtsiion 
4th January 1986—30-3% 


Zgp Tel: 0272-272272 

( 24 hr. service/ 

rtf/s turn's super pwwt 




6121 £ 11,983 



24 pis £5,887.80 

23 pts £110.00 

22V 2 pts — £19-05 

22 pts 

21Vjpts - «£3.15 

Tretlc Chance Dirtfcnds la Ifails al Ifip. 

_ £7.10 

(Nothing Banwfl 

5 AWAYS - ..£44.05 

(Nothing Barred) 

PIC 6 £1.90 

ADove Dividends in Umts ol lOp 
Expenses and Commission tor 4 in 

January. 1988 - 32 . 9 %. 

01-20 00200 



24 pts £2,012.70} F0R 

23 Pis £22. 15 

22s pis £3.45 

22 Pis £1.30 

S ■ fc Conanu w> v* ■> :r> sr, IMS - 3S y ■* 



4 DRAWS.. £14.20 

4 AWAYS.... £1.10 



Paid on 3 by 3 b J by 2 
goal margm 
Above dividends 
to lOp units. 

H you have crowed out all Eight Numbers 

HS r W4i L4j 9 .12 18,21 8526.29: 

Fa LlitAizj)i&£&c9 telemessage now -zettapool London ecip izs 


Backstage XI match the men that take the field every Saturday 

The two teams that are Altrincham 

West Ham were yesterday backed 
to complete a nightmare week for 
Ipswich by knocking them out of the 
FA Cup on Saturday. 

Ipswich, beaten 3-0 at Liverpool; 
m Tuesday night's Milk Cup quarter 
finaL will be left with just a three- 
month slog against relegation unless 
they can succeed at Upton Park. . 

Liverpool, who have overcome 
both sides in the last four days, are 
firmly behind John Lyall's men. 
Liverpool’s Danish -midfielder Jan 
Molin' - as commanding - on 
Tuesday as he had ' been in 
Saturday's 3- 1 defeat of West Ham ri 
said: "If Ipswich play like that on 
Saturday I see no hope for them. It 
was our easiest game of the season 
and West Ham impressed me a lot 
more than they did. 

- Ipswich have been -locked in the 
first division ‘basemen l , aH season 
and their defeat was hardly 
surprisingly. But ihc manner of. it 
was. Terry Butcher, their -captain, 
around whom manager Bobby 
Ferguson builds. his side: committed 
two errors which left them staring at 
defeat after just 27 minutes, 

“If they make those mistakes 
again they arc sore to get punished 
on Saturday because Frank 
McAvennic and Tony Cottee are so 
sharp " Molby added. An atrocious 
backpass by Butcher, reinstated this 
week in. the England squad, allowed 
Paul Walsh, overlooked by Bobby 
Robson for next week's friendly in 
Egypt, to claim his 18th goal in 20 

Then. Butcher tried an attacking 
ge from his penalty area, was caught 
by Ian Rush and it led to Ronnie 
Whelan's chipped second goaL 
Rush grabbed the third in the 
second half 

From their formation in 1903 it 
took Altrincham 63 years to reach 
the third round of the FA Cup for 
the first time. Today the Go la 
League dob regard the aefaeivemeut 
almost as commonplace, having 
repealed it six times in the last 12 
seasons. It is a remarkable record 
for a non-League club employing 
only part-time players and a part- 
time manager: of the 28 Canon 
League dobs that have been 
members of the third and fourth 
divisions tbronghont the same 
period, only Swindon Town and 
Peterborough United have been 
more successful. 

It is not coincidence that the 
change in Altrincham’s fortunes 
from a dnb straggling to survive in 
the Cheshire League id the Cop's 
most consistent giant-killers has 
come during Noel White's term of 
office as vfee-chairman and. for the 
last 18 years, chairman. His 
inspiring leadership and astute 
financial management have helped 
make Altrincham the most success- 
ful non- League dob in the country in 
almost every sense. 

They have won more matches in 
the Gola League since its formation 
in 1979 (as the Alliance Premier 
League I than any other club and 
their recent honoors list includes 
two championships and several 
cups. However, it has been the FA 
Cup exploits that have drawn 
national attention. Altrincham took 
Everton and Tottenham Hotspur to 
replays in the 1970s and over the 
past 13 seasons they have knocked 
out 1 1 League sides. 

Last week's victory away to 
Birmingham City, which has earned 
a fonrtb-round trip to York City on 
Saturday, was Altrincham's moat 
spectacular Cnp success to date. It 
was the first victory by a non- League 
side over first division opponents for 
II years and only the fifth since the 
competition was reorganized into its 
present form in 1925. 

Yet if the result was n surprise to 
many, the performance of the two 
dobs off the pitch wonld cause even 
more astonishment .to anyone not 
familiar with the bizarre finances ol 
English football. 

Birmingham, with all the advan- 
tages or first division membership m 
the Canon League (generally worth 
£100,000 a year from pooled funds 
alone) and their position « 
prominence in England's second 
city, are losing £7,500 a week and 
have debts of more than £2 million* 
Altrincham, who receive less than 
£10.000 a year from membership ol 
the Gobi League and live in the 
shadows of the big Manchester 
clobs. run at a steady profit and have 
Inst been given planning permission 
for substantial improvements to 
their Moss Lane ground, which is 
already well up w FoorhalJ League 


*-If there is any secret to onr 
success it is simply that wc nevet 

No wonder Ferguson hurried out 
of a rear exit away from newsmen at 
the end while a dejected Butcher 
restricted himself to: “I'm not 
saying anything." 

Liverpool now ready to make 
their seventh serai final appearance 
in the Milk Cup. visit London on 
Sunday for the FA Cup fourth 
round tie al Chelsea and will hope 
centre back Gary Gillespie recovers 
from the calf strain that forced his 
substitution on Tuesday. 

fa Mark Higgins has been riven a 
chance to return to top-class football 
by Manchester United. Higgins, 
aged 27. was forced to give up the 
game two years ago wiih a severe 
pelvic problem. He has now been 

B 'ven a two-year contract with 

The former Evenon captain went 
to United in the summer fora trial 
period and was signed on Central 
League forms. Ron Atkinson, the 
Manchester United manager, said: 
"Mark has impressed me with his 
terrific attitude since he came here 

and I see no reason why he cannot 
continue in the game." 

Leading Polish 
player will 

miss Mexico 

Warsaw (AFP) - One of Poland's 
most talented footballers will be 

missing from the Wo/to Cup finals 

in K4«4vim M •- * :.t_ _ a_ _ 


The man who is Altrincham: Noel White, captain of the team behind the scenes 

in Mexico after a brush with 
country's military authorities. 

Anton Piechniczek, Poland's 
coach, would have bees delighted 

: : — . - — — — — -w wmi mutuuu tO 

include Jerry Wijas. the midfield 

nlniwr in hie ^.r m i.a 

embark on expenditure that we win 
be unable to finance immediately,'' 
Mr White said. "Jf we want Ip hff> a 
player or make some ground 
improvement we will come op with a 
fund-raising scheme to pay for it. 
There are tno equally important 
teams at this dnb: the players who 
go on the field every Saturday and 
the 11 directors who work with me 
raising the money to sustain our 

Despite not having a social dab. 
Altrincham raise £80.000 a year 
through commercial activities. 

The dub's fuumdai soundness 
has enabled them to attract many ol 
ibe best players outside the Canon 
League and continuity in manage- 
ment has helped keep them. Tony 
Sanders spent eight seasons as 
manager before resigning because ol 
business commitments two years 
ago. His successor, John King, 
played under Sanders for five years. 

The greatest continuity, however, 
has been provided by Mr White. 
Aged 55, he has been been on 
Altrincham's board of directors 
since 1961, when he and Peter 
Swales (Manchester City's present 
chairman) were asked to help 
resolve a financial crisis wluch had 

resulted in a players' strike over 

With Mr SwaJcs as chairman and 
Mr White as vice-chairman and 
general manager, the ailing dub had 
at their disposal the skills which 
had made the business of these two 
men so successful: White and 
Swales Ltd began by selling sheet 
musk in 1955, moved into television 
rentals and owned 20 shops by the 
time the business was sold' to a 
larger concern id 1968. Mr Swales 
left Altrincham in the same year and 
hn partner _ moved biro the 
chairmans seat.- which be has 
occupied ever since. 

Mr White's greatest disappoint- 
ments have been the failores on four 
occasions to win elections to the 
Football League, for Altrincham 
could hardly have done more u> 
support their case, either on or off 
the field. The only reasonable 
argument against them has been 
their proximity to several other 
League dabs - they are right miles 
south-west of Manchester - Mr 
White, who is Altrincham bom and 
bred, refutes it. “We've got a local 
population of a quarter m a million 
and they're footbaU-nutd around 
here,” he said. 

Six years ago Altrincham missed 
not on election by one vote, polling 
25 to Rochdale's 26, A year later, 
despite having won the Alliance 
championship for the second 
successive season, their vote 
dropped by JO. The disappointment 
at Moss Lane was intense, and Mr 
White believes the dob have yet to 
recover fully from it. He welcomes 
the proposed reorganization of the 
Football League, which includes 
automatic promotion from the Cola 
League, but he will believe it only 
when be sees it. 

As a member for the past 10 years 
of the FA Council, the game's ruling 
body, he has been actively involved 
in national administration and 
decision-making; for example, " be 
headed the recent FA commission 
investigating crowd disturbances at 
Mill wall. Haring just sold the 50- 
bedroom hotel which 1ms been his 
business for the past 18 years, be 
may at last have more time to spend 
at home; but hfe wife remains 
doubtful. ‘She says I've sold the 
hotel just so that | can devote more 
time to football." be said. 



player, in his squad of 20 which 
for Italy for the start of a month- 
long World Cup warm up 
gramme yeaerday. Instead, me 
slayer is banished to third division 
lootbdll for a provincial side. 

A year ago Wijas. with nine- caps 
and until then the inspiration r 
Widzew Lodz, a feuding 
division side, was called up 
military service. The Ministry 
Defence coveted his talents 
wanted him for their own nuc. 
l^Bia Warsaw, first division rivals 

_ Recruitment for the army u» 
often been Legia's way of acquiring 
the country's best talent. " R! " 
re fused to comply, however, even 
B°mg id the length or ignoring hje 
call-up. .. 

The army responded by banishing 
him to third divirion 

nmirinAM • A _ 


in the 

provinces. A stream of protest 
Wl Jas to his former 
Ministry of Defence, and 
Fedcratitm,ha ve 

faded to help. 

Piechniczek said:. “Wijas 

'Jiollm* « a - ■i 

,, — - — —■ »- -» iios <tt an 

excellent player and his absence in 
Mexim will -I m a i..- • 

, . . r-v— ui9 nux 

Mexico wilt be deeply fait: But I 

Paul Newman 

, r Sports 

The debate on whether ft. j 
points for penalty kicks in rnrtl 1 
should be decreased, or pZ/4 

for tries increased, seethTS 
of the the issue. It was (tiki 
annoying and satisfying to 
MurrayfieltL -Enutce handffi 

the baU twice : as eflecti^dfr^ 

the fumbling Scots, and it wa$ 
distortion of respective abdfced 
that France, scoring two Me t 
should lose.. Yet,- it: was justjft . . 
able, because then- compuhb^ 
reluctance to play to the 
was fittingly putished. - rv^- 
Four ot the -six penalties 1 * 
kicked by Hastings were fa 4 - 
tactical cheating, and there ah>| '' • 

too few sports today in which 

the offender is suitably ^ , 
ished to the . extent of befagl; 
defeated. If only it were so« ^ . 
tennis, cricket and football ft 
a strange contradiction that the 1 1- 
French, so engaging to witch ul- 
botb types of football shotii > . 
persistently be so underhand - - 
rugby- To reduce the value of 4 V 
the penalty kick would only wj 
to encourage tte cheats. Wtaffew. 
wanted from the --EnteatatioudH 
Board is adjustment of the fans 
to reduce set .scrummages and . 
increase threequartb- play, ft fed’ 
the set~ of scrams vr^ch are4. 

tedious, not penalty kicks. 

Birmingham granted J 
further influence 

A grant of £9m by tfae^ 
European Parliament to the cHj j 
of Birmingham towards IfaJ 
building of as irtetoatiooil j “ 
conference centre, part of t 
£l60m development to: M 
completed by 1990, has -giva 
uplift to the campaign ftt i 
hosting . the ’ 1992 . Olyinrfcj- 

Games. The steady flow '•zZi, 

sports admimstr*tors. trom tke -i — 
international federations 

U ■ 

international federations and < i . | ... 
the Internationa! . 01yHjpiti , !l \ : ] 
Committee, . .. now. u * 

through Birmingham - indut- s* 
ing shortly Peter Tallbeig of 0 ‘ t 

Finland, chairman', of the IOC 
Athletes Commission - - . 

increasing the' respect for » l * i t %. 

Birmingham bid, which will mm 
be able to offer facilities stand -7.. 
to none. " : n T 4 

A snag for Barcelona,;&£^- - 
however, been eiiminafed.^|‘ ■ 
the approval, by Primo 
the . president of the Hkf-.- - 
national Amateur Alhktks^ ' 
Federation, or the SpariA’t 
marathon course. The . fast * • 

1,500m of the course 
painfuly. be run uphill to finisl ‘ 
hi the Mont J d!c stadfom. 

A further, subliminal disad- 
vantage for Birmingham U -L. 
emerging in the muatentisnaOr 
high handed manner overeeas< 

Charles Palmer, chairman d ; 
the British .'Olympic Associ- 
ation. Palmer is an active aid .1 
altruistic champion -of the 1 
modernization of British ald-4^ 
tudes. Yet his . occasionriir 
abrasive manner is ^countew 4 
live to interuattonal approi- 
ation of traditional British 
policy. The move • by Did - 
Palmer, the British Olympk-i. 
Association general secretary, tt jj.' 
the Olympic. Solidarity Fust 
may be a reflection ®/ snM«d ; 
friction with his chairman. 

Ups and downs in the 
financial Olympics 

The rift between Seoul aid 
NBC television ' was fin«9 
resolved in New York two 
ago by the statesmanship of Of- 
’Kim. president of Ihe Inj^.-L 
national Taekwondo: FederetitiMR 
South Korea have now agreeo^J 
provide indent ni ties agotH®! 
possible crises demanded 
the start by NBC as part of ** 
5306m (about £206 mj gnaw* 
teed minimum US rights feto . 

Now. however, a new 
ment has arisen- . .The ■ 
Olympic . Committee have drj 
maitded a percentage from 
IOC In return for NBC's use d 



the -Olympic, rings logo. 

Mexico referees of l ^ 
the highest cjuantity^^:; 
Proof ’that'. the; World 

now less a championship 
festival comes, with the apjgWS-V 
- - ■ Fnnh-*- 

meat of. referees for. the - 

in Meadteo; XmnsBd.of nk® 1 * 1 
the best ■* . 

preoccupied with a 
appeasing distribution, ; 

jti; J: 

* r ;= 

were in increasmg we V‘ - " 

to 24. A panel of 3jfii««erWWj 1 
been chosen - 19 European.^ » * *■ 

South African, foor ' ; 

American, three each' from 
and Africa ' awl'; 

Australia. It quel 
what fe the standard of 
normally being CtfocrolJW ^l:^ 

, Picon ackong of Ntapritits 
-Molina of Guatemala. 

Time tb‘ fix 3ritaS^ , 

South African stance 

Dick Tracey* 

Sport, and: ita- SporifCgfwvS- 
need, to come into 
their attitude ;'to the 
world, titfel etitmnating r 
between Frank Brandi 
Gerrie Coetzee, of Southy 
.There is cleariy ’a. 
mamsistency betwe® ^^ 
ce llation ot the '%■*!#.- 
rugby tour and the stagier 
official boxing - match-';? 
should .have ' , a " 
uniform policy within ihe 1 
Either onr' 

in everything wra Stnitb rp* 
or nothing; -• ' ? ? 1 V ‘ 

COjjPBb o. England’s be also missed three chances off 

catelriiig^rpartiralailjr by ^he his own bowling. . 
bawfesi SSf wat'' own bowling The talented Curusinghe, still 

15 yesterday; . only 20 ' years old;- looks 

Asanka-'.tjtunfingbe - survived tremendous prospect He ■ was 
two cfaflSjeeSj'm ian innings of missed - when on six and again 
MI to' steer Sri Lanka safely on .62,, -hut ^survived these, 
beyond the follow-on mark of together ■ with some -.’ icmid 
2J4. . . - moments against Agnew. and 

Sri Lanka n e e di n g 92 runs, was seve re on anything, loose 
from their- last six wickets, on from the bowlers. His' century 
the .third , jday- .of -the - first .took 37 minutes and* he hit 12 
unofficial . test, eventually boundaries, 
totalled -245 aD ouL Following England & fm i™*^ » (WNjtojfc as. 

■ ! " an inuaniptian. for. rain. -Eug- 
land B finished the day on 16 
. r ^ for. one m .their second inninp 
“► )>, * having lost Martyn Moxon, 
. ' V. j,; bowled for t wo. 

w In- - a frosmuing morning 
, J 'ii?'; session;, for England, Jonathon 
"X ■-% Agnew bowied a tight spell, 
. ' beating Gnmsinghe several 
^ times, bui no wicket ftD until 
Nick Cook napped the nig- 
htwatchman. Anurftsm, at silly 
point. Made Nicholas turned to 
Tim Trehdhtt, notfor his usual 
seamers, -but ipr ofF breaks. He 
bowled tidily though without 
penetration, and England . suf- 
fered foritheb lack of spinners 
to support Cook. - 
By hutch, the home team 
were juft V 32 runs short of 
avoidlngafoDaw oru The new 
ball was available, but Nicholas 
_• j.-fej f^faose to p ers e v e r e instead with 
: ~-*is spinners. 

S J Rhodes 77 not ant, 


Second todngi 
M 0 Monon. b Amstoen. ■ , 

W N Stock, not ran ■ 


c l aaot .ae; 

Extras (w 1 ) . 

Total (1 wfct)_ 

* --?% 


- -Vxfli 

_ 16 


BOWUttG (to. data): Raffiayeka. S-1-5-0: 
Amatoan, 3-0-10-1: Wormeen. 1-1HML 

.SRI LANKA: Fkst inrtofjs 
W O von Hast, c Atony, » Cook. 

fi Rmtuiga. c Moxoh, b Cock . 

MAR SamBwakera. eTrsmlett b Coot. 

*ARanstunga.H>4rbCoofc : 

: Rhodes, b Agnew _ 111 

b Cook, 

Ft Ratneyehe, e Athey. b Agnw; 
R Gramme, e Moron, b Agnaw. 
KAjnaloan.nct oul. 

J Wama a w or a. cAttiay.b Cook. 


Extras (b 2. l-b 5.1 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-46. 2-M.3r64. 4-121 
. 5-165, &-1B3, 7-236, 8-238. 8-240, ID-246. 
BOWUNO: Agnew. 27-7-77-8; Pringte, 16- 
4-40-0; Trwrtett 22-7-45- 1 ; Cook. 444- 
20-69-6; SanUh. 2-0-7HL . 

■ **e 

* i;.li 


Ur t. 

5 spinners. . . ^rjrm : . J - J 

Nicholas, finally accepted the iVlTStCH UTOppCu 
new hall with one run still ' 

needed to save Sri Lanka firom 
batting again, although Tremlett 

had taken the wicket of de Alwis 
in the meantime. Agnew then 

Johannesburg (Reuter) . - 
Peter Kirsten, the former South 
African' ■ captain,- and Alan 
Kourie, a left arm spinner, have 
been dropped for the first of six 

had a splendid spefl, dismissing W me j oi six 

row. Graeme * Pollock, " who 

having Ramayake caught at 

“ v « “J, broke a bone in bis handdurta* 

akaiMtlip .byMoroa fa fiTC South Afiaca’i victory weTite 

Australians in the- ..five-day 

overs, the Leicestershire seamer 
had taken three wickets for lour 

Cook ended the innings to 
finish with figures of six for 69, 
his best effort for two years, but 

match which ended on Tues- 
day, is also missing. • 

ft tfwrtogham. H M Benftoy, JCA McKenzie, C 
E Rice (captain), RFFtanaar.GS to Rout EO 
Smora. R V Jeontoga, h A P^ga. C j van ZyL 

- c 


Pain begins 
to tell 

•= on Toivonen 

»iV i ■ ■ 

Monte Curio (AFP) - There was 
little loss and bother in the way 
. Peugeot's world champions, Tima 
SaJooen and Seppo Harjannc of 
FinlaM, took over the leadership' fef] 
the Mome Cario Rally in their 20S 
j. - Tuibo.16 shortly before the end of 
,-r- the marathon •eommon-nin* section 
r r- yesterday. - 

X Salonen, always driving well 
* -within himself and setting the 
/'-^fsiest times over only three Of the 


25 special stages, arrived in 
Monaco with * time of 6hr SSmin 
22sec - 33sec dear of the 
Lancia Deha of Henri Toivonen 
Finland and Sexgio Cresto of Italy. . 

Salonen made his surge just when 
it matteremost - on the 1 9th and 
23 rd spedal stages - at a time when 
Torvonen’s effort was beginning to 

fidter. ‘ ' 

The 29-year-old Finnish driver 
bad appeared to be we& on the way 
to imitating -iho 1966 success in the 
famous evectof his father Pauli 
_ when be took and. retained the 
: 7 overall lead in this, year’s compe- 
• ■' tiiion from the second special stage 
:• on Sunday. 

i •* But a road accident cm Tuesday, 
in which Toivonen ’s Delia S4 
i- collided with an oncoming speo- 
. tator’s car on A read ection. tween 
'’^stages, forced Italian mechanics to 
s'baok againsi the dock and replace 
■„i the radiator, suspension muj 

Then, as « became increasingly 
dear that both Toivonen and his 
Ilafian codriver had sustained more 
serious usuries than had at first 
been evident, the crew needed pain- 
idlkrs to keep ih going. 

LEADMQ STAMDMOS (iftar 2S atagM); 1, T 
sakrao and S Hartama Paugut 206 
Tiirt». flhr 32min 4fl«ac; 2. Wctwo (Ho) pnd 
Oma n. Lnda Data 84. at SBwax 9M 
tauton andT fiMaro (R), Lamia Data S4 at 
1-52*. H MkkDto c^gxnd A Hartr (Sw«) A«8 


x* ^ 

,i-; " 

TSIs 6. J 

5. W 

and C 

(W-tJJ, Aa6 Aad Sport Ouatro, at 
tEanMoiMrt and 

nrooan (Ejnj. 

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f. AandSOnBa 
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(W.Q) t>w QoU 0Ti at 

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iRana uK 11 ttobo. at 
^■and P DMcnunn 


Car design 
is turned 
on its side 

Bjr John Blunden 

The late Colin Chapman rewrote 
the grand prix car des^n role-book 
la ' the -1960s :hy •decreeing that 
drivers should no longer sit up but 
should virtually Be down. The recall 
was the Lotas 24, a car so low that it 
made al other destgns look obsolete. 

Brabham’s chief designer, Gordon 
Murray, has taken that philosophy 
one important -stage farther by 
deciding that the engine shoald be 
tnrned almost on its side. Again the 
riwrir. picture of a Formula One car 
has been redrawn, for the 1986 
Brabham BT 55 is no less than 23 
centimetres (over nine inches) lower 
than lest year's car; thanks to tilting 
a new version of the BMW turbo- 
charged engine through 72 deg and 
Unking it to a specially developed 
seve n- s p eed Wesmami gearbox- 
twiwife not e 

The first of the new cars has 
under gone trials in E n gl and , but 
serious testing begins at Estoril 
between January 29 and February 2 
by the team's two new drivers. EHe 
de Angelis and Rfccsrdo Patrese. 

According to Ofivetti, - who 
continue to be the team's mi 
sponsors, the car has required 732 
new working drawings and -117,000 
mop hoars in the design and 
development phase and represents a 
total in v est ment rf some f&8 

A new concept of monocoque 
design has been adopted which 
■tiint* carbon Kevlar composite 
mat»rhh in a one-piece seamless 
structure. Brabham wfll again ran 
on Pirelli tyres. 

Apart from offering a signifi- 
caudy lower centre of gravity, which 
should contribute to higher corner- 
rag speeds, a big' benefit of such taw 
bodywork as the BTSTs is that the 
flow of air over the rear wing should 
be markedly, smoothed, thereby 
considerably enchanting Its aero- 
dynamic performance. Murray’s 
represents a break through in 
Formula One Car construction and 
layont and b o** which rival te a ms 
may need to consider 

- t. 





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TOUR MATCH: Umsg-12, Owantand IX 
CLUB KATCra Btti 6X Royto Wavy 1ft 
imtsrlO, Bi kV wvtar a nd.Atfoii it. - - 

Helping band: Allison (centre) encourages his RAF teammate Turner to escape Cambridge 

attention (photograph: Keith Dobney) 

Paxton is sole Scots Underwood 

vital spark 

By John Clemison 

change for Cardiff 

By Ian McLaochlan 
The wave of euphoria - or was it 
[just relief? that swept over 
Murrayfield last Saturday when 
Scotland beat France 18-13 has 
lasted long enough to carry the bulk 
of the team fomund to meet Wales 
in Cardiff 

Campbell- Lam enon is the one 
casualty. He has given way to 
Paxton, who will be winning his 
22nd cap. Robin .Charters, the 
chairman of selectors, admitted that 
Campbell -Lara erton was unfortu- 
nate hut he justified the change by 
saying that Paxton would be more 
productive in the tineoot, an area in 
which Scotland fared badly against 

The 1983 Calcutta Cup game at 
Twickenham was the -only other 

could have solved two problems at a 
stroke. He would have injected pace 
and added a Hneout player of Cambridge Univ 
genuine quality to lake the pressure dac 
off Beattie, who was Scotland's only 
reliable source ofbaJL - 



The bocks are re-selected, with 
Laidlaw and Rutherford stretching 
their world record for appearances 
as a pairing. They as much as any 
were responsible for keeping 
Saturday's team in contention but I 
am sure they will be asking for 
better material with which to work 
in Cardiff 

1 wonder also how much the Jack 
of a genuine playmaker in the centre 
caused Rutherford to revert to Idck- 
and-chase tactics. 

time- when Paxton played in the 
second row. Scotland won 22-12. 
Yet the strengthening of the lineom 
may be to the detriment of the tight 
scrum, another area in which the 
Scots looked less than comfortable 
at the weekend. I would expect the 
Welsh to-be more aggressive in their 
approadi to the scrum than were the 
French and so expose weaknesses. 

Changes were expected in the 
back row where, although each 
individual made a contribution, 
they did not function as a unit. 
There is no player with the pace to 
worry the opposition backs, not is 
there a true forager of the David 
Leslie mould. On Saturday both 
qualities were sadly missed. 

The mansion of Derek White 

It would have been easy for the 
selectors to choose the same side 
and few would have criticized 
fin h. Their fear, though, must 
be that Scotland’s problem of last 
weekend, the inability to create try- 
scoring opportunities, will manifest 
1 -If in Wales. 

scaium A a Hm&mo fCam&ridp* 
UnJwsttrt IDF Oonctoi (West or Scotoma), 
D I Jommb (WUMrimL 8 HMttoBi 
O R T Buka (Katoofc J Y 
R J LaMtow (JafrForvMj; 
1CT Dam (Hawick. 

(HnricfcL I A M PMitiii (Sskn), J Jiffrev 
(Katoefi. J R BaoUM (Btaagow AcadarncabX F 
Cafcter (Stawarf a-MatvM FW Raptocawarta: 
A Brawator BcaMffs MaMto FP). Q J 
Cataadar /Kato^ D B Whto (Qaia), S Q 
JotanttoaJWHtsortans), 0 SWytBa (Stowart's- 
MaivHa. FPJ.PWDoda (Qala). 

Rafaiaa: R C Francis (Naw ZaatlKQ. 

Australian boys go on 
try spree in the mud 

By David Hands, Rugby 

offering their accustomed dexerity 
with the ball in band. They created 
all the pressure and though the 
I rtnrinn C^hnnla A London scrum held together well 

Lonaon ^cnoois. o aQd ^ ^ 

Australian Schools 30 

Those who have fulminated 
against the rise and rise of the 
penalty goal in recent days might, 
with profit, have attended at Old 
Deer Fade yesterday. The Australian 
schoolboys scored a goal and six 
tries 10 nil and neither side so much 
as att emp t e d a penalty luck in a 
game fluently handled by Fred 
Howard, the international panel 

Admittedly, the circumstances 
were all against successful goal-kick- 
ing The London Schools seldom 
came within distance of the 
opposition posts, the game was 
played in- mud and slime and the 
Australians' had', left them best 
kickers on the touchline. Stuart, 
their captain, lifted one out of the 
mire bur neitfaer he nor Tombs had 
many pretensions as' 'potential 

Michael Lynaghs. .. 

Stuart -did, however, demonstrate 
his versatility. The tour captain 
played standoff half again after 
appearing ax scram -half earlier in 
the tour, aad he.. set up countless 
opportunities for two talented 
centres; on a dry day the Australians " 
would surely have run in more than 
seven- tries but they were reduced by 
the pitch and London's backs were 
ablcio get amongst them. ■ 

Nevertheless the weather which 
incl u de d driving rain for the first 
hour did not prevent the Australians 

effectively most of the throw-ins 
went 10 the touring side, enabling 
them to dictate terms.' 

The Australians led 14-0 at hall 
time, playing against the strong 
wind. The bads row worked Stuart 
dear and Piper supported intelli- 
gently for the first try, within two 
minutes Tombs was over and slack 
defence on the blind side of a five 
metre scram let Shaw over just 
before the interval. 

During the second half London 
barely escaped' ; fro their own 
territory. Harris broke off the back 
of a. scrum far a typical No 8*5 try 
and Press was worked over after a 
lineovrL Shaw stole the sixth as his 
forwards pot pressure on a London 
heel and Piper squeezed outside his 
marker and over in the corner to 
round off a satisfactory day. 

SCORER* AoskaBan Schools Tttoo Slaw (2- 
(2J. Tombs Hants, Press: camrs isi o n ! 

Two breathtaking tries, one on 
either side of halftime by Under- 
wood, the England wing, brought 
the RAF the confidence they seeded 
to claim a rare and satisfying victory 
over Cambridge University at 
Grange Road yesterday. Under- 
wood, who had strolled around 
almost unnoticed for the first 39 
minutes, suddenly produced a bunt 
of pace that Jen the University 
backs standing and touched down 
after a 50-metre run. Almost before 
Cambridge had a chance to digest 
what had happened, Underwood 
received a long looping pass from 
Evans to go over for his second try. 
Evans converted both. 

Underwood’s tries transformed a 
dour . forward struggle, whose 
outcome could so easily have rested 
on the penalty kicking skills of 
Withers and Evans. Although 
Cambridge were fielding only four 
Blues and were anxious to rebuild 
their side for next season, they had 
little trouble in both line-out and 
loose and expected to be comfort- 
ably dear of the RAF, who were 
without five first choice players 
through injury. Yet. white adminis- 
trators debate the merits of sides 
whose success depends so heavily 
on goal-kicking, the RAF produced 
the kind of rugby that restores lost 
faith in the running name. 

Cambridge, as expected, used 
their plentihil simply of possession, 
so deftly dristxiSuted by Graham, 
who was playing only his first full 
game at scrumhaff to build a 10-0 
lead in the first 20 minutes with two 
well-taken tries by Pierce, Withers 
converting, and Green. From there, 
they looked to Wylcs’ long touch- 
finding and Withers' kicks at goal to 
stay out of trouble. Underwood’s 
two tries, and Evans* conversions, 
put the RAF into the lead for the 
first time in the match and altered 
the equation. Though facing a stiff 
breeze in the second half, the RAF 
found they had httie to fear. Not 
only had Cambridge virtually run 
out of ideas, but the private battle 
between the rwo front rows was 
starting to turn in the RAPs favour. 

After 3 brief penalty-kicking 
competition, which uniimairiy 
ended at 2-2 Cambridge's backs 
dropped the ball in a fit of nerves. 
Lazenbv. coming np from fullback, 
hacked it three times towards the 
University line, and Goslia was able 
to put Aspinal dear for a try. A late 
penalty goal by Withers only served 
to reduce the defied. 

SCORERS: Cambridg e Trine Ptoroo, Sraan. 
ConvaraaUon: Miriam. PonMy goals: Withers 
Underwood _ * • " 

(2). RAF: TrtoK 


... ArafeiaB. 
Conversations: Emm (2J. Panatty goals Evans 


John's); *0 J Ptorea JSt John's), *K Wytos 
(oudd), I DMcFanana 


SCHOOLft S FBgrim (Rtogata 

(Wansmd MS, rvp S Italy. Hounslow Manor), — — “ 

R Mai6n (St Joaaph*a Acadaony. EtooMiasihi 
0 Waftaan (Futorook). H Ha«8i» (St Joseph's. 

Ipswich! H Lamb (Harrow WeaJd Stxttt Form 
CollageS. E Rstars (Brentwood). A Ctayton 


A RM, R Tombs, S Ottomaft R Stuart. 

P Shmn B Davtoa, R Kaooady, 0 
6 Bouts* W GHdriy, 


RsfarascF Howard (UvafpoeQ. 

Four caps play in trial 

Littn GS, Buckingham), T Undarwoo 
(Barnard Castle). A MacDonald (Hampton). 
Tlaton (NomuMon Fmaatttft R waiaha 

There are four survivors fr o m last 
season's 18 Group matches in the 
trial sides - from which . England's 
team to {day an Australian Schools 
at Twickenham next Wednesday 
will be chosen (David Hands 
writes). The two with 11 

other {doyen required to attend, 
meet ax Guys Hospital Ground on 

The teams are largely based on 
the regional sides which have played 
against the Australians and their 
varying degrees of success are 
reflected in 30 n ame s. The- South 
and South-West have six representa- 
tives, the North have eight, the 
Midlands six and London fonr. The 
four players capped last season are 
all backs: Hackney, Hiscoke, 
M allah eu and Turton 
Trial Tea ms 

BLUE* A Parian (King Hwy VW. (Coventry). 
S Hackney (Stockton Sbrih Form Cotoga). 
Potor Young (Aytestaury GS). 9 Price (Royal 

Croon (Kara CoHogo and Trinity. 

Broamo (St Caftarfea'a). S P 
jMBBga tewL G^D A naatroog (Si John'*). 

RAP CpJ S Lazocrinr; F/O R Undorarood. F/O 
Goato (captL JTSRoko, F/O M Astrinaft CpI 
M Evana^O M SfttoR CpI H Whitconba. CpI 
R ABtoon. AC A Ttoaan JT D Ogs, CpI B 
H jch ar d awi i CpI S Hoataay, F/O Rtnntato, 

Hatam: B Tarar (BaitahM. 


Varsity captain 
like ‘schoolboy’ 

The refusal by Simon Griffin. 
2 Oxford university captain, to allow 
Ashley Johnson, stand-off half, to 
play in Northampton's John Player 
Cup third round match at Gosforth 
Taeftnfcal Cotoga). P on Saturday has been condemned as 

**“» b l P”* Tn ™ c V’ ^ Mi?*"* 

side’s chairman of selectors. Griffin 
oSS^L^tanto! has insisted that ■ Johnson, a 
" “ ~ freshman, who played in Oxford's 

university match win last month, 
puts college bef ore club and turns 
out against Nuneaton. 

**U is petty and a schoolboy 
attitude." T urnefl said. David 
Doodrow, the Northampton cap- 
lain. a triple Oxford blue who made 
a personal plea 10 Griffin, said: "I 
think he is wrong. In the long run it 
would benefit Johnson and there- 
fore the university to play in a 
higher quality game.” 

■(NocTnuroon Fronton}, R Wwlwp 
(SSaottsa). D Jartary (Exator^ 
Habbard (Yantai, St AB»n), JFappar 
n&h Form Cototai M Haag {ParriSm ■ 
Form COtota taf draco* (Sr Brendans Staoa 
Form Co teaefc J awtaght (BngKon Coaaga).| 
s Qriavs |to 

(Cheltenham Gffi, A 
rorm Cotoge), C A) 
SnftxdL JO«rt(Dv 



Saftxd). J bant (Otemana. J t&iBtaln (RowM 

Forest of Ooan Coeaga). 

SJ»th ram Co4ege). E Ito toro (Brentwood), N 
Back (Woodlands, Coventry). D Hendry 
(Louahnoreugh GS). 

Wama (Graaham'a) N 

GiAflcrt). A Kerdoom (Sherborne). 

(Warmed US), F f— to (Grvtaa Cotoga 

(Si Joaaplfs had. 

France on 
for booming 

Paris (IJ) - "I in firmly 
convinced”, said Claude Roger 
Charon; the patrician president of| 
the French Golf Federation, “that 
this is a sport for the masses’*. 

But the upper crust which plays 
on the exclusive St Cloud course 
outside Paris, shouldn’t panic. The 
Socialist Government isn’t about to 
aaiionbze private golf clubs so that 
well-groomed greens are trampled 
by heavy-booted, blue collar types. 
y*TOer. France’s golfing figure bead. . 
is talking about building dozens ofl 
new public courses, training hun- 
dreds of instructors and opening up 
the sport to more people. 

sport where women 



Big brother watches 
as Italy go 
down to defeat 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

. . r m onito r 

Conny, (Duma Alton. 

Bart’s qualify to meet holders 

By Gordon Allan 

St Bartholomews -^......1 3 

King's College — — — r . w ...6 

able. But with five minutes of the 
half to go, St Bartholomew's forced 
yet another scram at dose range and 
Vesll went over on the blind side. 

A King’s player was 
penalized for not reteasmg it »»H 
England kicked the gnal , O'Shea 

needed points as insurance for the 
second half and their heavier 
forwards eventually made sure that 
they got the m . 

The first try was scored after 10 
minute VeaQ. who was always on 

St Bartholomew’s beat King’s the faofl, broke free from a maul and _ 

College by a goal, a t/y and a penalty was into touch near the kicked two penalties for King’s 

goal to two penalties in foe first King’s fine. There was a fineout and scorer* at MBfamta TMaw 

round of the Hospitals cup az then, a scrum, to which some or the *■- - ~ 

Honor Oak Park yesterday. This St. Bartholomew's backs lent their 

qualified them for a m a t c h against weight, and Parry got the touch 

St Marys, the holders, at Chisle- down in a push-over. England 

hurst, on February 5. converted. 

Jt was a wet and blustery' En gland missed three pena l t ies 
afternoon, and St Bartholomew's, out of the mud and it began to look 
with a following wind, sprat the as if King's might bold oul until tho 
whole of the first half battering away- interval. A deficit of six paints 
away inside the King's 22- ihey wouM not have been insurmount- 

raisytotw. LWOltom*, M Evma. D Wton| * 
Psny. S York. P Btoiurdn, P Rktatan. N 
Madta J GoodaEow, R FWw, Q Vta | 


Kmmt COLLBOfe R ASdmon; M Loratoy, R 
Btal. 0 Hafam. R Jonas, 6 CSimu J 
WHams, R WBUma. P Brigga, M Lingta J 
Staton. R Btadtoy. F Ban. P Ctonpta B 
Edm o nt laon. 

RatoraarCBrtriga (London). 

e sport tom 

“Golf is a ________ _ v[i , ti[ 

and meu, young and okL ctuT ail 
compete . he said. “I think it’s 
practically criminal not to try to get 
pfaying as possible”. 
For all ns Republican traditions. 
France remains a class-bound 
culture and golf traditionally has 
been played by the well-to-do and 

Australia for example, the leading 
gold-pteying country, has 65 golfer! 
per 1,000 population, followed by 
the United States with 59 per 1 00(1 
Japan ranks forid with 50 per 1*000 
followed by Canada. Britain and' 
Sweden with 10 per 1.000. 

France has one per 1,000, and it 
has yet to produce an imeruational- 
dass player like Severiano Balleste- 
ros, Sandy Lyle or Bernhard Laager. 
Last summer's first televised 
broadcast of foe Laneome Trophy 
tournament at St. Nom La Breteche 
illustrated just how alien golf is to 
the French. Television commen- 
tators bad to explain virtually 
everything to viewers. 

One Frenchman who needed no 
explanation was President Francuis 
Mitterrand. He hs been playing golf, 
discreetly, for years, with a handicap 
reported to be about 17. But 
Mitterrand's Socialist Party makes 
no attempt to promote bis image as 

"In France, the Left has always 
looked at golf as a snob sport 
practised by the enemy class," 
Cartier, a retired international real 
estate developer, said. “It would 
appear extraordinary for a Socialist 
President to play golf when the 
Socialists see golf as a sport of the 

Since 1981. the number of French 
golfers has nearly doubled from 
40,000. A school operated by the 
Golf Federation is churning out 30 
"professeurs de golf” (instructors) a 
year, and another produces IS new 
green keeper^ annually. 

The boom also has produced 
problems, including overcrowded 
courses packed with players who 
don't know the rules and have no 
sense of golfing etiquette. “It’s 
getting so crowded you can’t play on 
weekends anymore," complained 
Howard Gillingham, and American 
who settled in Normandy after 
World War IL 

His son. Alain. 36. a dentist in 
Deauville, recalled players cutting 
through his foursome and groups 
starting play at the ninth tee rather 
than wait m a line backed up at the 

Bui in describing (he Gallic 
ffalfer, the eider Gillingham, who 
has played on both sides of the 
Atlantic says “Real French golfers 
are more dedicated than in America. 
They sit around the clubhouse for 
hours analyzing every shot and 
every hole." 

Meanwhile. municipalities 

anxious for Government funds to 
help build courses have come up 
with some unusual plans of their 
own. “One supposed golf architect 
designed all foe dag legs barkwards 
because be said they were more 
aesthetic," Cartier said. Instead of 
forcing foiure generations to tee off 
with a wedge and use a wood of 
their approach shot. Federation 
officials "stopped the architect in 

Nicklaus hopes 
for many 
happy returns 

From John B&llantine 
Phoenix, Arizona 

Twenty-two years after winning 
the Phoenix Open, Jack Nicklaus. 
who turned 46 on Tuesday, plays 
here again today alongside his great 
rival Tom Watson on the short but 
light 6.776-yard par 71 Country 
Cub course in the downtown area 
of this rapidly-expanding city. 

Nicklaus, who will captain the US 
Ryder Cup team next year in an 
attempt 10 average the defeat by 
Europe in September, will also get a 
chance to study the form of four of 
the men who beat Lee Trevino’s 

In addition to Bernhard Langer 
and Sandy Lyle, who have already 
taken S3 8,800 and $21,100 respect- 
ively from the two events played, 
and lie eighth and eighteenth on the 
money list, Nick Faldo and Ken 
Brown compete. So does Ireland's 
Christie O'Connor, one of the 
heroes at the Open who very nearly 
made the side. 

This is the strongest field so far. 
Nicklaus, foe winner in 1964, is 
fulfilling bis pledge to show himself 
around unusual venues and he is 
also keen to warm op for the AT and 
T national pro-am (formerly the 
Crosby), at Pebble Beach next week 

Nicklaus and Watson arc hoping 
to do much better this season than 
they did last. Langer, still using his 
new putter, is in fine form, while 
Lyle plays in his last event before 
flying home at the weekend. 

Switzerland achieved a winning 
lead over Italy without conceding a 
set when the BASF European Cup 
competition, the men's indoor team 
championship, began yesterday at 
Queen's Dob. West Kensington. 
Roland Siadlcr. who now concen- 
trates on a legal career rather than 
full-ume tennis, beat Claudio 
Panatta 6-1. 7-5 in defiance of their 
world rankings. Then Jakob Hlasek. 
who was three years old when his 
family Ded from Czcchoslovkia, 
beat Francesco Can cello rti 6-2. 7-6. 

Switzerland woo promotion 10 
the first division in 1984, Italy in 
1985. Hlasek and Canodlotti, in 
particular, played some good tennis 
yesterday, but. while enjoying their 
labours, one regretted that such 
court-side advisers as Wilhelm 
Bungen. Adriano Panatta and Nikki 
Pilie have accumulated too many 
birth days to swop shots any longer 
- at this level, anyway. All three 
would like to play at Wimbledon in 
the event for players aged 35 or 
more, but there is tittle chance of 

a reader recently suggested that 
yesterday's heroes are not forgotten 
and that it would be pleasant to see 
them in action again or at least read 
about them. Over 35 events are the 
answer but Wimbledon’s are 
restricted to 16 singles players and 
eight doubles teams, though there 
has been talk of expanding the 
doubles draw. 

Players are personally invited by 
the chairman of the championships 
committee, who js influenced by 
their reputations, their past support 
for Wimbledon, and their form. 
Well, there is not room for 
everybody - but there should be 
room for more. Wimbledon has 
enough courts to accommodate an 
enlarged field of old favourites 

Yesterday was a far cry from all 
tIxaL Two pigeons came in from the 
ram 10 flutter about a brightlv 
attractive arena furnished with 
I.96S seals which cost the Lawn 
Tennis Association £13.000 for hire 
and installation. Until they warmed 
to their tasks, the Italians often 
looked ill at ease, implying that they 
regarded a Supreme court and 

artificial lighting as inadequate 
substitutes for shale and sunshine. 
Both Italians saved three mat- 
ch points. . 

Big Brother was watching Panat- 
ta. As usual. Claudio’s looks and 
personal and professional manner- 
isms raised vivid images of the 
more renowned Adriano, now 
reposing languidly in the captain's 
chair and wondering what he could 
do to help young Claudia. 

Sudler serves left-handed and his 
first ball, when it goes in. swings the 
receiver well wide of the advantage 
court. On the other band his second 
service is an invitation to chip and 
charge, an invitation which P&nana 
accepted, without playing well 
enough in the forecourt 10 show 
much profit. Siadler is one of those 
awkward people who hit two-han- 
ded on both flanks He played well, 
should have finished the match 
sooner, but was ultimately grateful 
for Panatta's errors. 

The most highly ranked Swiss 
and Italian players (Hlasek is 
slightly ahead of Heinz Gunihardt) 
produced a belter match. Hlasek is a 
big 'loose-limbed athlete who was 
hoi stuff at football and ice hockey 

Cancelloni was 2-6 and 2-5 
down but then began to move faster 
and hit harder, notably on the 
forehand, and make Hlasek think 
twice about going to the neL 
Cancelloni took the first point of the 
tie-break against service but then 
lost seven consecutive points for the 
match. Ciai comeback had taken a 
lot oul of him and he was due for a 
brief lapse. When it came Hlasek 
nailed him. 

Errors tend to intrude between 
the typed and printed versions of 
articles and two of yesterday's need 
correcting. The final will be played 
on Sunday, rather than Saturday, as 
for the separate review of the British 
ranking Annabel Croft's first 
ranking, in 1983, was eighth rather 
than eighteenth. 

RESULTS: Swttrartand 3, Italy 0 (Swiss 
names Aral: R Stadar bt C Panatta. 6 - 1 . 7-5: 
J Hast* m F CartatoM. B-2. 7-76; J Htosah 
and fi Sudter bt P Cane and G Octoppo. 6-2. 
7-6. Mad 2, Bafgfeao 0 Hstl names flrst M 
DoytoHJ van Ungamtoncfc, 3-6, 6-4, 6-3, S 
Sorensen bt A Brichant, B— 3, 7-6. 5-6. 

McEnroe to 
rest for 

Shaw opts 
for French 
two months tournament 

New York (Agencies) John 
McEnroe has confirmed he is to 
take at least two months off from 
to ornament tennis, ostensibly be- 
cause be is dissatisfied with his play 
and wants a long rest. He may not 
return to the courts until after 
Tatum O'Neal gfres birth to their 
child, Expected In mid-May. 

A spokesman for the Men's 
International professional Tennis 
Council said on Tuesday that 
McEnroe, who lost to Brad Gilbert 
in the first ronnd or last week's 
Masters' Tournament here, had 
been granted 60 days’ leave of 
absence from the grand prix circuit 
at foe request of bis father. The 
decision means the canceDation of 
the 26-year-old player’s entry in 
several tournaments mdnding the 
United States professio n al indoor 
champions hips in Philadelphia, 
form Jan nary 27 to February 2, and 
events in Milan. Brussels and 
Chicago during March. 

“I need to stop for a while because 
if I go on lasing to the Gilberts of 
this world IH want to stop for good.” 
McEnroe told The Times last week. 
"I've just got so much else on my 
mind right now there's no way Z can 
do justice to my tennis. I’m just not 
fiL Half the time Tatra feels sick, I 
fed sick too. I'm not joking." 

The Wortds’s top 10 players are 
required to contest at least 14 
tournaments a year, but any of them 
may be given time off to rest or to 
recover from injury. McEnroe, 
ranked No 2 in the world at the end 
of 1985. still has contractual 
commitm ents for a series of 
exhibition matches across North 
America that be is required to IhlfilL 
the next of which Is scheduled for 
Wednesday in Albuquerque, New 

TUCSON. Alteon* Hem' Federal Savings 
C taton qBj McEnroe (US) M M Wander (Sw) 

Stephen Shaw, Britain’s third 
ranked player, has turned his back 
on a five-week series of British 
tournaments, costing £70.000 to 
stage, after deciding to play in 
France instead. 

His decision, revealed last night 
by British team manager Paul 
Hutchins, is 3 blow to the Lawn 
Tennis Association, the organizers 
of the satellite circuit which starts in 
Peterborough on Monday, and 
could put the 23-year-old Middlesex 
player's international future in 

The series is designed to give 
British players the chance to 
accumulate world ranking computer 
points as well as providing overall 
prize mc&ey of £30.000. But Shaw 
has opted io play in a similar and 
clashing scries in France which has 
double the points and twice as much 

A disappointed Hutchins said: 
“In one way you cannot blame 
Shaw for this decision but I would 
have sooner seen him competing in 
Britain rather than in France. I 
proposed to the LTA that they 
should run a satellite circuit and I 
hoped the players would have 
backed me, so it is cspecially 
disappoinung when they are not 
seen to be supporting the series." 

Jeremy Bates won the outdoor 
British series last year which 
launched him on the way to his best 
ever season and a place among the 
world's top 100 players. By 
comparison. Shaw's form slumped 
and be ended 1985 ranked number 

Hutchins admitted there were few 
sanctions he could impose on Shaw 
but the player may have affected his 
chances of keeping his place in 
Britain's Davis Cup squad, who 
play Spain in March. Hutchins said: 
“I would be more inclined to select 
players I can see in competition 
rather than those who choose to 
play abroad." 



Douglas times 
it right for 
English Open 

Desmond Douglas. England's top 
table tennis star, has returned to 
peak form at just the right time. He 
defends his English Open title at 
Brighton over the the next three 
days and his success in two recent 
tournaments has provided a boost 
to his flagging confidence. 

He beat Yoshito Miyazaki m the 
Cleveland tournament final and he 
is due to meet the top-seeded 
Japanese again in the semi finals at 

Former champion Jacques Se- 
cretin, of France, is seeded to reach 
the fin al but he faces a series of 
tough tests particularly from 
Czechoslovakian Jindrich Pansky, a 
third seed. 

The women’s title should go to 

other the hard hitting European 

number one Olga News, a young 
Romanian who defected to West 
Germany, or the defensive Russian 
Ftiura Bufetova. 

Cowdell meets Griffith 
on return to the ring 

Stephen Griffith, the super-feath- 
erweight from Finchley, will be Pat 
Cowdell's opponent in the Midland- 
er's comeback at Doncaster on 
February 6. It will be Cowdell's first 
bout since being knocked out in a 
round by Azumah Nelson when 
challenging for the world feather- 
weight title last October. 

Cowdell must take care. Darkie 
Smith, Griffith's manager, said 
adding: "This is not just an 
opponent for CowdcIL My man will 

SWIMMING: Vladimir Salnikov, 
the Soviet Union’s incomparable 
long-distance swimmer, returns to 
international competition in Bonn 
next month after a year's absence. 
Organisers in Bonn said Salnikov, 
unbeaten since 1977 in the 400. 800 
and 1,500 metres, was a definite 
stancr after missing last season with 
a shoulder injury and a stomach 

SKJING: The men's Alpine World 
Cup super giant slalom, originally 
scheduled for Val D'Isere. France, 
on December 9. the day after a 
men's World Cup downhill at the 
same resort. 

ATHLETICS: A total of S32S.000 
in cash and prizes will be offered for 
competitors in the first City of Los 

Angeles marathon on March 9. First 
prize winners each will receive cash 
and prizes worth $4 1 ,000. Rod 
Dixon, one of the events organizers 
and winner of the 1983 New York 
Marathon, said. Bill Burke, the race 
director, is hoping for an entry of 
20.000 which would make it one of 
the world's largest marathons. 

man, Rene Metge. driving a 
Porsche; has won the controversial 
Pa riv Dakar rally for the third time. 
Only about 100 of foe 487 
competitors who set off from 
Versailles on January I completed 
the gruelling 8.000-mile course 
through seven counties. The race 
claimed six lives including its 
organizer, Thierry Sabine, who was 
killed with five others last week. 

TENNIS: Top seeds Zina Garrison 
and Kathy Jordan were sent 
crashing in the first round of the 
$75,000 Kansas women’s tourna- 
ment on Tuesday. Garrison, ranked 
eighth in the world, was toppled by 
fellow American Vicki Nelson- 
Dun bar 6-3. 6-2. Jordan slipped up 
2-6. 6- 1 . 6-2 against former doubles 
Pin ner Ann Smith in another all- 
American clash. 








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the hanker 
bet in Forster’s 

treble chance 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

Tim Forster, the successful Conditional Jockeys’ Handicap 
Lctcombe Bassett trainer, and Chase, 
bis jockeys. Hywel Davies and Captain Dawn's only blemish 
Richard Dunwoody. look the on an otherwise consistent 
men to follow at Huntingdon record this season, occurred 
today. when he fell midway through 

Davies has a clear chance of a November. He was remounted 
double on Echo Sounder 02.45) that day but subsequently 
and Woodgate (1.15) while pulled up. 

Dunwoody can win the Paxton After being given plenty of 

Handicap Chase on Celtic lime to recover from his bruises 
Slave, who ran well at Windsor and regain bis confidence, he 
eight days ago to finish third staged a heartening comeback at 
behind Meraberson and Ceri- Windsor and now I expect him 
mau. to prove too good for both 

That was only her second Silent Echo and Glenrue. who 
race after a long lay-off and she will be having his first race in 
looked as though she would this country after spending his 
improve for it. Behind her. in formative years in Ireland, 
fourth and fifth places respect- At Taunton, the local trainer, 
ively, were those accomplished Martin Pipe, poses a punters a 
performers. .Ardent Spy and real problem in the Baron 
Charter Party. Bfakency Novices' Chase by 

Nevertheless. I believe running both Harlow Mill and 
Woodgate is Forster's best Torsidc. Having trained Baron 
prospect in the first division of Blakeney himself, he will be 
the Offord Novices' Hurdle especially keen to win this race, 
even though he will be con- But I doubt whether either will 
fronted by the Wetherby win- prove capable of giving weight 
ner, Donna Farina, and The to Kevin Evans, who ran so well 
Capo Famiglia. who is closely over hurdles at Ascot earlier 
related to those good hurdlers, this month when he was runner- 
vaye Brief and Gaye Chance, up to Yes Master. Kevin Evans 
Chepstow earlier this month, looks the type to do better over 
woodgate made a lot of friends fences and I am led to believe 
when he gained his first win. He that he has schooled well, 
looks the son to go on to even No matter what happens 
better things. there. Pipe should win the 

Echo Sounder, who jumped second division of the Fresh 
so well when he won at Windsor Stan Novices' Hurdle with 
eight days ago. can win the first Waikiki, who cost his owners, 
division of the Wyton Novices' Greentrees Securities Ltd, 
Chase, although he wilt un- 1 5.000 guineas at Doncaster in 
doubiedly have to look to his May after showing the requisite 
laurels if Marshell Key manages promise by winning a bumper 
to get his act together in his first at Plumpton. 
race over fences, having shown The earlier division looks 
plenty of ability over hurdles. ripe for Cavvies Clown, who 
Following his good perform- has ran well to be placed at both 
ance at Windsor last week. Kempton and Windsor since 
Captain Dawn looks the best bet opening his account at DevoQ 
of the day in the St Neots Ln December. 

Going: good 

1 2.45 WYTON NOVICE CHASE (Div I: £1 .276: 2m 4f) (1 2 runners) 

1 3100-11 ECHO SOUNDER (Lady VesttyjT Forster 7-1 1-fl H Davies 

4 f0p0-03 ALSm (Mrs P Harris) P Harris 7-11-2 R Strange 

t0 030040 JOHN WELLBORN (t CIvO) VV Wharton 7-1 1-2 M Brennan 

11 pOfDO/O JOLXJFFCS DOUBLE (Mrs J Batay) A Bailey 1 0-1 1-2 JMcLaugtYln 

13 022O-C11 MARSHALL KEY (R Gunner) Mrs JPamantl 1-2 —J JO Nell 

14 0|H)00» HELOTS BOV (A SosMn) R Voorspuy 6-11-2 RRoweO 

pp00-0 NH40KYBO (Mrs I Kerman) RCfiswson 6-1 1-2. R Rowe 

19 12-0030 REPENT (Mrs B Curley JBCixlev 6- 11-2 O Murphy 4 

22 OWtt-rn SWIFT RETORT (G Becoe) G Baksing 6-1 1 -2 S Sherwood 

23 000-220 TROOP THE COLOUR (BF) CM OeeHv) D Nlchoteon 6-11-2 P Scudamore 

26 VERONA MAGIC (BPeppteBjP Bailey 6-11-2 -I Duggan 

27 O-ottWp MY NAME IS NOBODY [J Young) J Young 8-1 HI S J OrJerJ 

it-10 Echo Solder 3 Troop The Colour, s Marshell Key. E Alain, to Joltfte s Doubte. 14 


FORM: ECHO SOUNDER (11-7 oeat Evening Song (10-1) a head at Windsor (2m 51 Nov Ch. 

FORM: ECHO SOUNDER (11-7 oeat Evening Bong (10-1) a head at Windsor (2m 51 Nov Ch. 
21.563. good. 16. 13 ran). ALStra (11-3) iFy 3rd to Broad Beam (11-10) ai Wolverhampton (2m 

1.15 OFFORD NOVICE HURDLE (Div I: £1 ,232: 2m 4f) (21 ) 

0-01 WOODGATE (D) (SSafnsOiry; 
0-301 DONNA FARINA [J Thompson F 

0u0404 MOONLIGHT) NO ( 
00 ALDO KING iMrs V 

Kj SatasOwy) T Forster 5-TM0 H Davies 

Thompson Farms Ltd) T Forster 5-11-5 P Tuck 

O (K Hal) J Parties) 6-11-5 R Balfour 7 

Lamport) DOugWon 5-1 1-3 P Double 

Hofflnshead 5-1 1-3 1 J O'Neill 

=) (R Speech ley) J Blundel 7-11-3 D Dutton 

(Mrs F Harvey) D Finger 5-1 1-3 ........ 5 McNefl 

10 3)2400- CARNEY COURT (I Maleffl P Ransom 6-11-3 R Rowe 

12 FOREVER SINGING (DMltchaS)DMcholMn 5-1 1-3 P Scudamore 

12 FOREVER S1NGMG (D Mltchefi) D Nicholson 5-11-3 — 

15 p LUCKY LUTTN0JD EMn) A Moore 5-11-3 G Moore 

IB QOO/OpO ROYAL INSIGHT (Mrs J Peppfeo) P BaSey 7-11 -3 - 

19 0-G0 RUSSELL FLINT [S Mixon) M Ofivw 7-11-3 - 

21 0 THE CAPO FAMIGLIA (Mrs B Curley) BCwtey 0-tl -3 

22 0 WICKED UNCLE (Mrs B Samuel) F Wkner 5-1 1-3 

23 00- WRITE THE MUSIC (J AbeBl P Feterte 5-1 1-3 

25 p04-00f LE HARSH IF) Stewart) JScafton 0-10-12 — 

26 0302-40 NETHERDAR(R Midklethwarta) W Wharton 6-10-12 

23 00 ATT! Id (Thrlnacia Investments) N Henderson 4-1 0-9 ._ 

29 000 DEEXAYS ID aakJwtal Q Bfarn 4- ID- 9 . 

30 044 WALMER SANDS (Mrs C WeSSt) J Spearing 4-10-9 

ROYAL INSIGHT (Mrs J Peppfcut) P BeSey 7-11-3 - 

RUSSELL FLINT [S Nixon) M Ofiver 7-11-3 R Dunwoody 

THE CAPO FAMIGLIA (Mrs B Curley) BCuley 0-1 1-3 DMupfty4 

WICKED UNCLE (Mrs B Samuel) F Wkner 5-11-3 S Sherwood 

0 WICKED UNCLE (Mrs B Samuel) F Wkner 5-11-3 S Sherwood 

00- WRITE THE MUSIC (J AbeKl P Feterta 5-1 1-3 .R Beggen 

OOf LE HARSH (R Stewart) J Seaton S- 10-12 — J McLaugftfta 

M Brennan 

_S Si*h Bedes 
J Barlow 

WALMER SANDS (Mrs CWWch)J Spearing 4-10-9 - 

QUNH WEST FLYER (J Quinrt) J D Davies 4-10-4 J Lovejoy 

1965: Meeting abandoned - frost 

3 Woodgate. 7-2 Atito. 4 Wicked Undo. 6 Forever Singing. B Domra Farina. 10 Be Resolute, 
12 Argea, 14 Akto King, 16 others. 

£1.296. soft. Jan 6. 20 ran). DONNA FARINA . . 

t’/eiherby (Em NOv Hefle. £548. good to soft. Dec 26. Omni ALDO KING ft 1-6) weakened from 2 
evt whan 9th to FUva Rose in-13] at Wlncanton (2m Nov Hdle. 066. soft. Jan 9. 21 ran). BE 

D2C 9. 17 ran). 
£i .476. good to 
Hdle. £3^25.00 
Selection: WOO 

1.45 WYTON NOVICE CHASE (Div II: £1,266: 2m 4Q (11) 

2 41 bu MAID OF MOYODE (Mias LWood)J Webber 7-11-4.. G McCourt 

3 Opp- ASINTRY (C Be vxl C WBBema 6-1 1 -2 — - ,-R Havre 

A National 
for Combs 

Combs Ditch. » *e surprise 
packet among a high-class t0 * 
this year’s Seagram Grand National 
at Liverpool on April 5 (Phil 
McLennan writes). Also among the 
109 entries is Burro ugh HHl La<L 
West Tip, Door Latch. Run And 
Skip, The Tsarevich and Jimmy 
Fitzgerald's pair, Gafway Blaze and 
Canny Danny. 

David Elsworth. trainer of Combs 
Ditch, said yesterday: “We’ve made 
no firm plans yet - well have to see 
what weight we get next Wednesday. 
Bunougb Hill Lad is the only one 
likdy to be giving us weight - I 
expect we’ll get about 1 1st iOib. 

Mr Snugfit and Greasepaint, 
second and fourth respectively 
behind Last Suspect last year, bead 
the market at 15-1 with Hills who 
group Burro ugh Hill lad, Corbierfr. 
Door Latch and West Tip on 20-1 

Greasepaint beads a strong Irish 
challenge which includes Kilkilo- 
wen. busier Donovan and die 1983 
Whitbread winner. Drnmiargan, 
while Essex, bred in Hungary and 
trained in Czechoslovakia, win give 
the race a European flavour. 

Liverpool entries 

chasjTuvarpooi. April 5, *m 41): Aca*tn» aged 
10. AncfherDuke 13. EtoJlnacuna LadlL 

Combs Ditch, a surprise entry for the Grand National at Aintree on April 5 

Fancied four out of Schweppes 

BoDymflan 9. BaaWiD Led i t. Bg BepatoBaer 
9. & Of Ute Acfrcn 9. Braes 0 ~TUBy 11. 
Brian's Buck 8. BrinkwMar lOBro^unn U kJ 
& Breomy Bank it, tonrqugh H» tad 10. , 


Covert Gartan 8, CrantoTW 8. QifBn Down 8, 

Door Latch 8. Doutteosgata 12. 

By Phil McLennan 

The folly of ame-posi betting was 
once again underlined yesterday 
when the first acceptors for the 
Schweppes Gold Trophy at New- 
bury on February 8 were published. 
The* 2& non-acccpiors included 
Sailor's Dance. Gala's Image. 
Dhofar and Slans Pride, who all 
figured prominently in yesterday's 
ante-post lists at prices ranging from 
16-Mo 25-1. . . 

A surprise among the 50 left in is 
the Irish Sweeps Hurdle winner, 
Bonalma. who appears exception- 
ally well handicapped with 10 stone. 
Hi's trainer. Arthur Moore, slated 
after Bonalma's Leopardsiown 
triumph that he would be giving the 
Newbury race a miss in preference 
for the Wessel Industries Champion 
Hurdle at Leopardstown the same 

Or the other five Irish entries, 
Ararun. Rare Dancer and Heiynsar 
stand their ground but Herbert 
United and Yankee's Princess, a 
stable companion of Bonalma, have 
been taken cuL 

Herbert United, third in last 
year's County Hurdle at the 
Cheltenham Festival and a 25-1 
chance for this year's Champion 
Hurdle, lakes on Corporal Clinger 
and Sabin Du Loir in the Bishops 
Cleeve Hurdle at Cheltenham on 
Saturday and slays in England for 
the Fred Rimed Hurdle at Hereford 
on Wednesday where he is likely to 
encounter the 1983 Champion, 
Gaye Brief. 

Sailor's Dance, he has also taken out 
his only other" entries. Admirals 
Cup and Mnlya Mai. 

Other significant non-acceptors 
are the much-improved Southernair 
and Nicky Henderson’s pair. First 
Bout and Charlies Cottage. 

Drnmiargan 12, DutfisS. EsamJkEwfrttll. 
Excursion 10. Fottwd Friend 11, Gahwsy Blazs 
10. Gnle Wanting 12, Golden Ty 8. Gonnahoe 
Boy l6. Greasepaint 11. OrwnbanK Pa* 9. 
Hoio Dandy 12. krmigrato 13. ItnperW Black 

Fred Winter, whose Lamboum 
stable has not been firing on all 
cylinders this season, will not have a 
runner in the Schweppes. Besides 

Newbury acceptors 

HURDLE (Newbury. feDwan 8. 2m 100yd): 
Sea You Than. Corporal Cflroer. Aslr, Ra 
Nova. Robin Wontor. PridBauxTBoy, Kasaln. 
Flarey Sark. Annin. Amarach. Jamaamead. 
Shear Gold. Chrysaor. Cota Eye*. Comedy 
Fair, HumbarakJo lady. Wngswfck. Joy Wda, 
Outakstap. Hold Tha Haad. Yabta. Bonalnw. 
Ace Of Spies, Terryash. Gold Tycoon. Polar 
Star, tehkomann. Brans U, Honeydaw Wander. 
Lanhydrocfc. MartingL TophamsTawms, Ftora 
Dancer. Jack Ramsay. Moon Mariner. Taetos, 
Hysmosls. Paler Martin. Mr Kay, Johroha. 

Haw Dandy 12. Immlgrato 13. Imperial Black 
10. Insure ft, fiM ae King B. KaWwxJu 13, 
Karmran 8. KRkBmran 1ft King Spruea 12, 
Knock HR 10. Kumfat 11. Lanarn loctoa 9. Last 
Suspect 12. Lata Night Extra 10, LHSs Pofvair 

9. Lumparita 11. MacoBvar 8. Manton Castla ' 
12 , MareotoS. Master Ntottia 11. Master Tareal 

10. MtoW Donovan 10. Monanore 9. Mount 
Feddana 10. Mcuit OSvar 8. Mr Bakar 8. Mr 
Oryx 13. Mr Snugflt 9. Newataad 6, Nortfmm 
Bay 10. Onapro m i s a 10. Pea-Cock-Ada 10, 
Plundering 9. Port Asktog 11. Pmtwa Fur 9, 
Prince Rowan 10. Rainbow Wank* 9, Regal 
Pleasure 8. 

Royal Appotntmant 11. Royscur 9. Run And 
Skip 8. Run To Me 11. Ririartino 11, Santa 
rtoet 10. Saa Splash 10. Sagahan Dm 12, 
Shanrod 9, SmQh-'a Man 8. Snow Btasaad 9, 
SommeBsr 8. Spartan Regime 11. St Alazan 9, 
Strait Aooord 11. Succeeded 9, SimEtRtver 

BuUers Pet, Young fdehotas, Halyraar. 
Tlgerwood, Eamons Owan. GaBam Buck, 
Brimstone Lady. Bold Ittofon. BaSywast, 
Lohengrin. 50 flrat accoptora. Naxt 
accapmnca, four-day dacknOan atoga. 

9. TKrm 12. Talon 11. Ten Cherries 11. The 
EKsr 10, tlw Thtakar 8. The Tsarevich 10, 
Throe Chances 7. Tracya Spadd 9. 

- a -r.^j - - m ***- — yia a 

2222p1 CAPTAIN DAWN (CD) (P Hopkins) J Gifford 10-11-0(88*) E Murphy 

O3r?-C0 PALATINATE (G Kartgon] G HarBgen 8-10-11 K Capton 

00-0*23 ARCHERS PRINCE (R Shaw) C James 8-10-0 — - 

1 1 223103 MLANE5SA (U Col J HaMG Presi 9-104 ' Qtoson 

12 0u-1004 fERO VJDLF (B Whetton) R JtKkes MOO ~ 

14 4u3p30 BRAWBSAH0LJS2T (3) (J Parish) PB uBbt 10-1 M r-CWKrtn 

16 O-OiOOO MATCH MASTER (J Stafford) H O'Ne® 7-10-0 SMcCrysial 

7-4 Capiar Dawn. 3 Glenrue. 9-2 M Harass a. 8 Archers Prince. 8 SSant Echo, 12 Nero Wolf, 
20 otners. 

GLENRUE (11-11) last cucoessAil when beating Hare tort Ud (9-1ZJ T.'i « Roseomon 0n 4f 
H-can Ch. £i .035. heavy. Sept 9. 11 ran). SILENT ECHO 110-13) ael beaten 5th of 9 to Wtoretown 
(10-7) at Wetherby (2m H eap Ch). previously beaten 251*1 when 3rd to Mountain Hays (1 1-2) at 
Nottingham (2m H'cap Ch. £1.595. good Dec Z. 5 ran). CAPTAM DAWN (10-7) 81 scorer from 

Going: soft (chase course); heavy (hurdles) 

(7.30am Inspection) 

1 .30 FRESH START NOVICE HURDLE (Div I: £707: 2m If) (17 runners) 

— m ii,i n riinM-Miii ft 1 PHttil 

Ch. £2.1B1. good to SOIL J 
Fakenham (2m H'cap Ch. £1 
Jan 16. 12 ran). 

Selection: CAPTAIN DAWN 

cap Ch. £947, good, Dec 20. 8 ran). NERO 

1-Cffl 3iy 
WOLF (2i 

(2m S H'cap Ch, £952. heavy. 

i.ju rnconsimii ,,w . 

1 33133 CAVVIES CLOWN (D) (Mr* J OBvan« D Bwjorfll 6-12-1 . 

2 p ARNOLD'S HIIXIMraV Phfijps) R Hodges B-1 1-5 

5 00 ^^OFnW^Ja^vinniTl-5 — 

l “ 

10 oof fCARLY A MAN (S Farmer) N WWwB Wt"5 

13 00-080 TOP PRYAL (A Obome) Mra A nnch fr-11-5 — . ■■■■ 

14 HM» TOMjAM »«22IMPbB Ml-S---- 




pf FLYING TOEE pRatiarilWwdto B-n-O 


0 ME8QUTTE(GLugg)SM^or4-10-7 — 1 

00 REDGRAVE GIRL (WKoffnw^ KBtshop4-1(W 

1 985: Maedng abandonad - snow and frost 
9-4 Tors. 5 Cavvies Clown, 9-2 Into Song. 7 MaatpAe. 10 Fadwa, 18 others. 

N jv Ch. £2^16. good to Arm. Jan 14. 14 ran). MAR91ALL KEY, betting In two madia shorts Otis 
season: last season (11-12) 2V 2nd to isnkomann (KM) at Worcester (2m H’cap Hdle. £3306. 
SOIL Nov 21. 10 ran). REPENT (11-3) 371 3rd to Berlin (11-9) at Unpaid (2m Nov Ch. £1.813. 

2.45 OFFORD NOVICE HURDLE (Div II: £1 .249: 2m 4f) (15) 

i (M3dd1 JOINT SOVERK3NTY (D) (A Budge) J FilzGerakl 6-11-10 M Dwyer 

IB WTO SONG GW A Sloan) NHandaraonT-Tt-e 

ig MISS BALLINACREE I J McPMttps) G Ttwrner 1 

210142 KITTO (Me W SpaaLman ill) F W1nter6-I1-1D Mr J Bosley 

KM 140 PRECIPICE MOSS (CD) (Mrs J Landbss) Mrs V McKle 6-1 1 -5 A Webb 

wavy. Jan 2, 12 ran). TROOP THE COLOUR disappointing favotmta last time: previously (10-10) 41 
2nd to Voctiratinl (JO-ID} nere on Dec 11 (2m Nov Ch. good. 12 ran). Mr NAME IS 

NOBODY, pulled up lame latest after (10-10) finish mg 241 4th to Fun Parmer (11-1) the prewoua 
cay at Nottingham (3m Nov Cn. £2.250. good. Dec 21. 11 ran). 

Selection: ECHO SOUNDER 


IB 34D-p0O HOPEFUL KYBO () Karonui)JGflfort 6-11-3 

Mrs J Landbss) Mrs V McKle 6-11-5 A Webb 

yl Mrs P Sty 5-11-3 M Bastard 

Mount Pleasant) J Seaton 5-1 1-3 — — — - 

00 LAST EXTRAVAGANCE (T Whitley) D Gandoffo 5-1 1-3. 

— _B Rowe 

R EamsfBw 

_J> Warner 

J Frost 

__ B Wright 


-P Leach 


P Devar 


— LJ Lower 7 
._G Chariaa Jonaa 
B Rowel 

330 OGDEN YORK (Bnbsh Thoroughbred) J Francome 5-1 1-3 

OOp PSIROOUET (Mrs J Mitchel) G Vereette 6-11-3 O'Neil 

0 QUITE BLAND (G Ramp ley) W Whence S-1 1-3 AI Brennan 

“ H>Deal)PI 

Huntingdon selections 

By Mandarin 

12.45 Echo Sounder. 1. 15 Woodgate. 1.45 Lord Laurence. 2.15 CAPTAIN 
DAWN (nap). 2.45 Kino. 3.1 5 Celtic Slave. 3.45 Jennie PaL 
By Michael Seely 

1.15 Woodgate. 3. 1 5 Captain Dawn. 

00 RAMBLING WILD (PDetfJP Harris 5-1 1-3 R Strange 

000-00 SASSANOCO (A Sandeman) D Oughton 5-11-3 H Davies 

00-0 PELLDNSA (P Fcsiar) W Micson 7-10-12 JMcLaughBn 

RAHHB (Mrs A UpsdeU) D E Weeden 4-10-9 

00 SAINT MALO (WSa»s) A Wd* 4-70-0 J Bartow 

36 00 SAJNT MALO(W Bates) A Mda 4-10-6 J Bartow 

9-4 Kitto. 11-4 Ogden York. 6 Joint Sovereignty, 7 Hopefd Kybo, 8 Pradpica Moss. 10 
Rambling WDd. 12 Saint Mata, 20 others. 

Taunton selections . 

By Mandarin 

1.30 Cawies Clown. 2.0 TopsoiL 2.30 Kevin Evans. 3.0 Waikiki. 3.30 

Bickleigh Bridge. 4.0 Migbiy SieeL 

Michael Seely's selection: 3.30 BICKLEIGH BRIDGE (nap). 

FORM: JOINT SOVEREIGNTY (1 1 -S) BU out to bast Christmas Holy (1 1-6) 1 vy at Newcastle Qm 41 

Nov Hcto. £1.065. soft. Jan 11. 18 rank KITTO ni-13) 41 ruraer-up to Fort Rupert (1 0-8) at 

Nov Htto. £1.065. soft. Jan n, 16 ran). KITTO (11-13) 4) runner-up to Fori [Rupert (10-B)at 
Wlncanton (2m Nov Hdte. £964. soft. Jan 9. 23 ran). PRECSriCg MOSS (1 1-4) 7to q<19 to BatUa 

Ktag (1 1-3): oarfiar H-0) 4»’d 4th to Brenskl 111-5) at Nottingham (2m 6f Nov HdN. £1.000. soft. Itoc 
7. U ran). OGDEN YORK (11-6) implaced behind Rha Rom (1143) si Wincanton: eerier (10-10) 
34 3rd to MHty Rulss (1 D-iQ) at Notongham |3m Nov Hda. £6«a good. Dae 21 . 20 ran). 

3.15 PAXTON HANDICAP CHASE (£1 ,682: 3m 1 00yd) (1 2) 

1 022 -00p GREENBANK PARK (8) (R Budge) R Pattons 9-12-0 — Dai W¥*ame 

2 100-224 OVERSWAY (O (Mrs S Jones) Mrs □ Htone 9-12-0 ... S Sfltth-Ecclsa 

3 1140-30 COLE PORTER (C) (M Banks) M Banks 11-10-12 G Me Court 

4 34pl3-0 CLONEEN KJTK3 (□ Ferguson) P Ransom 11-10-12 5 Sherwood 

5 03U12-3 TAR KMGHT (M Sktararl M Skinner 9-10-9 P Barton 

7 4 bllu/0 IVORY CREST (LCorwefl)FWlrtBr 8-1 M BDeHaan 

9 1-4H20 FLVMG MISTRESS (T BeB) J Webber 8-1 (M M Jenkins 7 

to p3l2/03 CELTIC SLAVE (B HaJtyeOT Forster 9-1 0-2 it Dunwoody 

11 004200 POLAR EXPRESS (C) (T King) W King 11-10-0 X) Warren 7 

13 37120-0 BROUGHTON LAD (R Chugg) R Chung 13-10-0 SMcNetl 

14 pf.p340 MOUNT FEDDANE (Lady Corvan) P Jonas 10-10-0 JJO’Nen 

15 24-0411 WISE WORDS (Mrs K Peyton) P Bailey 8-10-0 X Mooney 

2 Ovsrsway. 7-2 Tar Knight 9-2 Cole Porter. 8 Celtic Slave. 8 Ctonean King, 10 Flying 

Mistress. 12 Ivory Crest 16 others. 

FORM: OVERSWAY (10-3) best effort when 2nd to Simon Legree (11-0) at UngfteM pm 47 
H'cap Ch. £2.783. good » soft. Dec 7, 10 ran). COLE PORTS* |UM) on seasonal dabot iS 3rd 
to KUtogar Kxn (16-0) at Towcaster (2m Sf H’cap Ch. £1^67, good, Nov 30. 8 rwi). TAR KNIGHT 
(10-7) stayed on at one pace a 3rt to Prince Canton (10-10 at Fakenham (3m H’cap Ch. £1.418, 
good. Dec 20, 9 ran). IVORY CREST (10-7) backward but made lata headway to finish 8th to Johns 
Present (i 1-7) at Worcester (2m 4f H'cap Ch. £2,006. soft, Dec 4, 18 ran). FLYING MISTRESS (10- 

FORU WOODGATE (1 1-3) ran on to beat Cherrysida (10-12) 11V « Chepstow (Bn M Nov Hcte. 
£1.296. soft. Jan 6. 20 ran). DONNA FARINA (l0-9) stayed on to beat Dad s Gamble (11-7) at 

Present (i 1-7) at Worcester (2m 4f H'cap Cn. £2,006. soft, Dec 4, 18 ran). FLYMG MISTRESS (10- 
4) last sueoanfid whan beating TTamea (10-7) 10 at Uttoxater(&n H'cap Ch.ElZO, soft, Dec 5. 8 
ran). CELTIC SLAVE (10-2) 141 3rd to Mambareon pm H'cap r -- - - 

va Rose (11-13) at Wlncanton pm Nov Hdle. £966. soft. Jan B. 21 ran). BE 
a length 2nd to Norwttolie (1 0-8) to Cottaric* pm 5 H'cap. £71 6. good to soft 
ICXED UNCLE (11-0) 32W 6th to Insular (11-0) ai Newbury Pm Nov Hdle. 
m. Nov 13 . 11 ran). ATTRa (11-0) 331 5th to Bin Ms(ed (11-7) at Ascot pm 41 
to soft. Jsi 10. 9 ran). 


ran). CELTIC SLAVE (10-2)141 3rd to Mambareon pm H'cap Ch. £2^80, 
Selecfierc CELTIC SLAVE. 

3.45 SAPLEY HANDICAP HURDLE (£1.448: 3m) (21) 

1 P-40342 JENNIE PAT U Thompson Farms) G Richards 6-12-0 - 

2 001200/ WPERIUM (CD) (N New) J A Old 9-1 1-7 

3 Ip-110 RARE PLEASURE (G Horetord) Re* Carter B-11-8 

4 11-0000 INLANDER (J Daniels) J D Davies 5-10-13 

5 1 -Op 103 NORTH WEST (r HIR A Moore 11-10-9 

6 p-02302 CASTLE OFFICIAL (I Matthews) I Matthews 8-1CL9 — 

7 04313-0 MR GREGORY (A Leiper) G BakSng 5-IOS- 


5 311200/ ANGEL BANK (Copt J Lumeden) J Edwards 9-1 1-2 J> Barton 

6 OOOp/24 DUNSTALLUDrewrylB Morgan 9-1 1-2 G Wtidams 

8 0 GLEN TO GLEN IS De Ferranti) PBatoy 6-1 1-2 - .KMoonsy 

12 214(32 LORD LAURENCE (B) (Mrs LDeeley D GandoBo 7-1 1-2 — R Eamshaw 

16 0-141 OFFICIAL DRESS (F Parkasl M Otver B-1 1-2- -_„R Dunwoody 

17 000/002 PLASH (D Lock vert G Bakflng K>-1 1-2 S Sherwood 

18 00p RAVENS LODGE (u Wrvte) Mrs J Pitman 7-1 1 -2 BDeHaan 

24 41222-2 TURKANACJltosomW Casey 6-11-2 MrTCosWtoA 

26 fpp004- HOPEFUL CHIMES (Miss CFtoyroids)J Spearing 7-1 0-11 JlDIddn 

(D) (H Bake) R Blakeney 11-10-8 

10 Dp-0004 MmuM (J Taytort B Preeca 6-10-7 ^*““55 

11 Ib/f-pO OUR BARA BOY (P Sntim) M Chapman 6-10-5 R Btotour7 

13 1«to« BARDSEY (Rytand VtjhJchle Op Lid] fl HoSnsmwd 6-1 IM J JQ-Na ll 

14 132100 PASS ASHORE (Mrs M Jachscr) M OBver 7-1M -JC Doyle 4 

15 ID-4423 FME CHOICE (Dl |R4reMOivar)M Otiver 8-10-2 Jfts wroody 

16 000/082 DUNeANY (Mre GBerawyJD Nicholson 7-1 0-2 — .--P Scudaanore 

17 0p-0f3p WATERlffiAD iA Rudolf) T Jones S-ilW ■- 

IB 3-00312 HIGH BARN flj) pCnamtey) BChantoy 7-10-0 J McLaughttn 

19 1u34- SWEETHEART (G Page-JonssJ A James S-10-0 G Jflnw 

20 pOOCOp i STORWNO (Mrs A Dale) D Dale 7-lMj..---- -dSSSZSL 

24 40-0000 WOKLIS (M Barradough) M Barradou^i 8-10-0 PNJ^^ 

25 0/00001 PREAUX (R Kingl D Fllnoar 6-1 0-0 -S McNefl 

28 iptf TARBOLTON (P Fhhar)ICox 10-10-0 lAkehuret 

7-2 Duneany. 4 MetSe. 5 North West 8 Janrm PaL 7 Rare Pleasure. B Free Choice. 10 Wtfi 
Bam. 12 Bartsey. 20 others. 

FORM; JENNIE PAT (11-0) «*L rumieiHXj a Mick's Star (11-06 At Wetherby (3m H'cap Hdle. 

26 /pp004- HOPEFUL CHIMES (Miss C Reynotas) J Spearing 7-1 6-1 1 .RDUdn 

11-4 Mata Of Moyode. 7-2 Lord Laurence. 9-2 Tiakana. 6 Plash. 7 Olfidaf Dress. 8 Dun stall. 
12 Ravansiodge. 20 otnere. 

MAID OF moyode unseated ndar and brought down m Mat iwp starts: prerioutoyllO-IS) beat 
Little Ginger (10-12) *(J at Uttovetar (2m Nov ch. £1.125. good. Nov 14. 7 ran). DUNSTALL (lO-«) 
6^1 4th » Ontal Manoeuvres II 0-7) at Haydock (2m H'cap Hdta, £1 .1W, soft. Dec 1 1 .22 rjmfc Itrto 
a cempt at chasing: LORD LAuRENCEI1 1 -3) « 3 rd to HWh RWga n<M) « ^dtowCm 41 Hjap 
Ch. £1.043. gocoDec 17. 13 ran}; OFFICIAL DRESS irflast bme. pjwnMf(1F4) 2714thtD 
Deep Impression |1i-1i> at Warwick pm Nov Ch. C1.472.0ood to soft. PLASH 

(1D-0) 1 21 2nd to Hope Gap (10-0) at Newton Abbot (2m 160* Soil NCap Ch. Q5il heavy, Jarr IB, 
12 ran). TURKANA |ii-iO| 161 3rd to Walsh Oak (11-7) at Lutflow (2m Nov Ch. £1.165. good to 
firm. Nov 27. 7 ran). 


p p/ TAR8CLT 

FORM: JENNIE PAT (11-0) «*L rumiBMta a Mick's Slar (11-06 At Wetherby 13m H'cap Hdle. 
£3902. good, Dec 27. 13 ran). RARE PLEASURE (10-8) unplacas behind Kamag (10-0) at 
NortngiSm: earlier (11-011 beet St Cokne (11-S 4L at Southwell (2m 41 Nov Hdto. £898, good. Nov 
19. 15 rani NORTH WEST ( 10 - 0 ) 6th to Mount Bolus (11-7) at Huntingdon: previously fl£Ml) beat 
Hairs Pnnce (11-5) 5L with MILLIE (11-0) 1 y* L away 3rd. FbBceswie (3n 31 H'cap HtBe. £1247. 
good. Nov 26. 11 ran). MR GREGORY (10-3) 14 hLBh to Prince’s Drive (10-Q) to Nawtxay; Iasi 
season (11-1113 faL 3rd to Mugador (11-1) at Towcaster (2m Juv Htfla. £656. good to aott Are 6. 
14 ram PARS ASHORE (11-13) beat Do or Din (11-7) 3L at Bangor (2m Set Hdle £801. good to 

100yd) (9) 

3 flow GLENRUE (H McOetand) W Casey 9-1 1-7 — — 

4 40-P430 SILENT edio (A Bkadtmore) A Btackmora 11-11-5 XJanklne 

« H'cap HtSe. £1438. son. Jan 3. 13 rani. HIUH mum 
Nottingham (2m 6f H'cap Hcfb. S1M2. good Dec 21 , 14 ran). 
Selection: NORTH WEST 

Byrne excels to ] Newcastle results 
land a gamble 

Carpenter's Way MM. 33 Siamese (pu). 8 2.15 ttn If Ofl 1. STCAR 8 BY (G Brntoy, 2- 

m 201. 151 251. fi flichards at Grpystoka. 7 tavR 2. Another Dragon (J Ltwrar 3. 
DTE: BUBO; 21.10. 22-00. DF: &2D. CSR: Airman Star y Frott. 4-11 ALSO RAN; 4 

Mahraa. 11-2 Mama Roef (4th). 12 Dun RoKe 
4f hdta) 1 . SILKEN TURN (P A (I). 16 Caoping 1601). 20 Annapnac Wizard 
m- a Haley IP Barry. 16-1): 3, filto. 25 Chair Of KBdara. 33 Barney (pu). 
icWilOU, 9-2). ALSO RAN: 2 fav Chevron Blue. Feti COr*. Scafctera (pul 13 ran. 

<2m7f hdle) 1. FAROOR (D Nolan. 9-a 

2. Yahoo (K Jonas. 10-1 h 3. Anaflwr Boxer (r) 

TOTE; BUBO 21.10. 22-00. DF: 

E7.B9 MBhras. n-z Mama ncei (*mi. uim ru»™ 

4.00 (2m 41 hdta) 1 . SILKEN TURN (P A ((). 16 Caoping I 681 ). 2D Annaatac Wizard 
Chariton 10-1}; Z Maricy IP Barry. 16-1): Jl (5th). 25 Chair 0fj®*«- 
Rtn Tnrwmr in pirntat:. 9~7l ALSO RAN: 2 fav chevron Blue. Feti Climb. Scafctera (pul 13 ran. 

Robert Byrne, younger brother of 
<tic former Irish champion, Joe 
ii»*rnc. landed ihc first winner of his 
career at Wolverhampton yesterday 
and, in ihc process, produced one of 
ihc riding performances of (he 

His mount Chalkies Pel, was 
backed from 6-1 to 1 1-4 favourite in 
the Chadsmoor Selling Handicap 
Hurdle but the money looked like 
slaying in the bookmakers' satchels 
when the marc's rein snapped 
approaching the third flight. 
However, Byrne, aged 19. coolly 
kept her galloping with his hands on 
her neck and safely negotiated Ihe 
remaining six flights. Despite nearly 
wandering on to the chase course at 
one point, Byrne still managed to 
bring her home a 20-lcngth winner. 

IW H* 1 : ‘» m I,. 1 ., 


j 1 j -j 

57. good. Dec IB. 17 ran). DUNEANY flO-l)6L2nd to CwiModes (11-7) to Sandown 12m 
Hif/£1438. soft. Jar 3. 13 ran). HIGH BARN (IM) ahOR head 2nd to L«dy TUt n 1-3) « 

■■LL _ | i l|| ^ _i|IMll 

TjV j.j m • k " 1 ■ ^'“1 . M Jf # i M . m L j a 

•Ai -i 'In 

5-2 Cerodo. 7-2 Noble Mount, S WBdtfng Tafc. 11-2 Our WWaHirt. 6 Ur. 8 Deep Coach. 12 
Mlglfty Steel 16 others. 

| 1 i MiMi i*i i 1 1 ■ I 

Cunningham. Byrne left Ireland 
four months ago to join David 
wimlc. trainer of Chaikies Pcl 
W inile completed a 40-1 double. 
Ihc first of his career, when Somers 
Heir stayed on gamely to beat Magic 
Mink by two lengths . 

Lincoln absentees 


Ten horses, from the original 
entry of 63. have been withdrawn at 
the first forfeit stage of the Wifliain 
Hill Lincoln at Doncaster on March 
22. They are: Field Hand, Trcm- 
OJ . blauL Fandango Beat, 9 n 
S Posiorage, All Fair, BahndaUoch, 
8 Gentileschi. Bassixn ■ a nd The 
16 . Gome's Up. The second acceptance 
“ stage in on March 4. ■ 

HanoicaD uonww- ■ 

Gold Trophy Katvfcap KunJo 


Course specialists 



D Gandoffo. 12 from 83 nnws. 19.0%: J 
Qttort. 31 from 170, 1&24c P Winter. lOtrom ' 


R Eemshew, 5 winnera from 1 7 rides. 29/4%; S 

Smith Ecdec.34 tram 142,23.9%; p Barton. 16 

from 71.22^%, 



S Malar. 6 wfenara tram 12 ruimms. 50.0%; s 
Panttow*:. 10 from 32, 31 j Thorae. 17 
from 109, 15£%> 


C Brawn. 13 Wntor* from 89 rides, TABS- P 
kom 100. 15.0%: B 

69, • -v 

also on page 30 

Secretary to ; - 
Public Relations Manager 

The Hnandal Tunes New*I»j*r require* n. at perienced . 
SrrtSyw ioin izs livdy PufaCc Reborn Depariaiait, the 
^fJdcxnanding and varied and uzrohres secrennal dunes 
^ wdl nuSSag wi th the organisation, of major P.R. 

^ 0 °l 5 d education is essamal plus md Ishorftund typing 
word protMsing expenaice would be an asset salary 

^Trrel Times Bracken House IQ CwuHM Street London 


(University of London) 
South Kensington 


Required from t February. 
1986 for Professor in busy, 
section of the Mechanical 
Engineering Department 
Wiifmgness to use j word 
processor (training wiB be 
- n) Is essentiaL 4 weeks 

Christmas and Easter; sea- 
son ticket loan scheme; 
sports and social faeffities. 
Starting salary (under re- 
view) in range £5,384- 
£6,459 + £1,237 London 
weighting. Applications, wflft 
curriculum vitae to Mrs K. M. 
Dean. Department of Mach- 

SW 1 £ 11,000 nefl. 

The MD of a fawfing Intw- 
nationai consnhancy needs 
PA with 

£ 12,000 + M/G 

As a leallnB Pfayw fa OW Rw* 
otatioo, tfe Meidant Baric te 
recently recniftaJ a well known CHy 
Stockbroker to act as Managing 
Director of fixfr totatnafional Eijri- 
ttes Operations. 

As Na PA you will need to be an 
immacriale ergantsar, a ripfamriic 
assislant and bave that touch of 
style needed to make yc® rrak at 
a senior lev#. 

SkiDs 90/60 Afl#2M4 


■ < 




Your tnpartunttes to frevel 
abroad ta tftis cnmp«iy are 
absolutely fantaaSd B you enjoy 

toanting- ee vmB as a chaRenge 
then tree o» retetod company^ 
tor you. Aa PA to the London 

Director, you •« not ortiy organ- 

be end nn fra office nit H*o 
undoretand toe TscMcaHlea <* 
the Director's poetoon. 

For an wccU tog new career and 
the oppcnwi&y to we i W 
exceflam typing and shorthand, 

PATTI ROSS today en 


Ad efficient and enthusasuc 
Administr ator is needed by. « 
dictionary publisher based in 
Central Londcm. Appficanu 
should have sound adminis- 
trative experience, typing drills 
and ability 10 work on their 
own initiative. This is a key 
post in a small company, in- 
volving a wide variety of duties 
and responsibilities and a flex- 
ible approach is essentiaL 
Benefits include LVs. STL and 
private health cart Salary aac 
Please send full CV to the 
Director. Dictionaries Devel- 
opment DMsfam, Collier 
Macmillan. 12A Goldea 
Square, Ltradoo.WlR 3AF. 


Twj responsible secretartes 
required for busy Fulham & Chs- 
wick estate agents offfcas. Salary 
by arrangement/ 



- sales assistant 

repaired far 

" Valentino 

’ Valentina 
38 - 50 . ' 

Ptaaae: 8851321 



01-377 1010 


The newly appmnsed *5*ml 
project* manager of this Urge. 

L ■ aAiirr ■ t f 



A self confident unargrilc 
and personable office mag* 
ager to take charge at srfffl 
and dynamic comput er sysr 
terns and marina, orisntstfrd; 
marketing team locatad *r 
the Caty. tub sucwssM 
appBcant must have B» abk 
Bty to orgwrise bustooss 
functions, nogatiate wWi 
suppTiera and ests&Bsh rap*, 
port with ctants-'Atoo know-, 
ledge of computers, weed 
processing. elementary, 
book-kaeping and the sha- 
ping Industry wffl be advm- 
tageous. Tap salary for the 
right person. 

TaL 247 7561 

and ask for . 

Captain Laritina .. 


Exparianced seersay w tfwd,** . 
rapidly expanSng puNfa -rditli». 
company. . - • 

Fast typfag, shedtorafyspeaffaf 

fag.WPprajnfagdfafBd). . 

A kn of client contact, so good W] 
phone manner B3S«tial. 

FfcxMty important in iris very.W 
jwsifioa Saiaiy w ^ 

mstanceto:- ‘ 

Barbara Karrisoa 
Aspect ififrHofflfay 
17-19 Fetey St, 
lotion W1P7LH. 



Trade 01-278 9161/5 


■Setcihg-upibeEjjmpebn-HQaf tee Japanese-based iote Epson Corporator} at its UK subsidiary location 
calls for. initiative and enthusiasm. 

Why you will find more scope 
in Management Consultancy 

£8,000 — £9,000 + Bonus +.LV , s. 


^ ° ne ' y™ wffl-find it easier to respond to an WcnnaJ. frierefly, fast 
??*!?* see the results of tout own input Into projects anti 

MeHflfy w ith the m as they grow and reach fruition. You wfl also entav a high drama of 
OT ^ tei^Jhone, Tossing tabs on assignments and juOTflng 
*?• “n fa a hig h degree of jobaalisfac- 

flooAv consuttarts -highly mobile role wOUeeve you al the scope for initiative you coufcf 

Or opportunities afl require good verbal and written comrnimfcatkjnsakffls and 
aeOUNua w w-pjrr. typing. Age regukamerits are 24. or over and WP kriowtedgie win be a 


if you're W^l-educatod. with excellent secretarial and communication skills, you could be one of the people we need to join 
. ■ the office responsible far co-ardinoting all theactivities. of our Europeon subsidiaries. 

*— PA / SE N l OR SEC RE TA R r— — 

You wffl provide personal assistance tothe Company aiid official bodies. - 

Secretary Who is responsible far the development- of Aged 25-30, you will be qualified to A level standard 

nqwsubsidiaries and the financial planning and control in English Language and Law. have worl-ed a minimum 
of.epcistihg subsidiaries. You Wifi also bust with overseas ... ■ of 2 years at senior PA level, and preferably have some 
subsidiaries, the parent company in japan- and other legal experience in commercial law. 

. ... / 

You wiU provide fair secretarial support to' the Executive 
Director Marketing, who is responsible far the preparation 
and co-ordination of marketing information and plans . 
from our-subsidiaries and distributors. 

Aged must be numerate with a sound 


. knowledge of all aspects of word processing together 
willrexperience of producing reports and analyses. 

The most exciting requirements for both these position: 
' is flexibility and willingness to travel within Europe. 


! »sp a ^ A T l j 

The job calls for initiative and flexibility as you will be 
workingln abusy pressurised ■environment, providing 
a fall secretarial service to the group, organising travel 
arrangements and looking after visitors. 

There will be opportunities for career development as 
the office expands. The salaries are highly competitive and 
accompanied by an excellent range of benefits. The office 
is located in lAfembley at the moment but is planning to 
relocate to the Heathrow area later in the year 

Aged 20- B. you must have excellent typing and word 
.processing skills and experience of operating telex and 
facsimile equipmenL 

Please send fall career and salary details to Kevin Shiers. 
Personnel Manager Epson (UK) Limited. Doriand House. 
388 High Road, Wembley Middlesex HA96UH, or 
telephone far an application form on 01-902 8892 ext 282 

I B Bl 

5 L 

C . S9J500 - " Waterloo 

- • 5r is an independent private sector company winch. 
provides permanent ahd long term capital to companies c^ - 
allsizes. . • ••. ' 

’ ' " We have an excellent opportunity fora Secretary to join 
onr busy * Personnel team, assisting two executives.' The 
successful applicant is likely to be aged 25 plus and educated to 
‘A 1 level standard withsound secretarial skills, indnding audio/ 
typing and shorthand is desirable. .. 

. In addition, we ofjera large range ofbenefits induding free 
kmchcs, iKJir-contribiitory pension scheme and 
concessionary mortgage facilities. 7 . .. v-.i?. )>:;••• 

Interested? Please' contact "AnnGoldie on 
01-928 7822 for an appKcarion form. .. - 

Investors in Industry pie ' 

91 Waterloo Road, London SE1 8XP. * - a .. 

’he creative' use of money 

B222S3 1 'R'-'l 


m SR? 






Expanding members only business centre 
requires further secretarial executives. Appli- 
cant ilrould reside within the GLC area + 
have a knowledge of all office systems, includ- 
ing S/H, audio; telex + WP (Wordstar) and be 
smart + well spoken. 

Excellent salary plus car, mediucal in- 
surance, dress allowance + share incentive 
scheme. * 

Interested applicants should telephone or 
write today enclosing CV in your own hand- 
writing to 


■ (TbL 01-439 4X26) 

L*.* I 




c. £10,000 

Do you have City experience 
and the desire to further your 
carSer? A wM known figure In a 
respected PR- Coastdtancy 
seeks « PA/Sec with a 
knowledge of . business, 
o r g ani s a tio n al .flair and 
excellent cnminunkafloirskais. 
Hie abiBty to function 
sffectivety under pressure and 
establish a rapport with his 
prestieous cflehts wfll be 
essential. Age 22-28. Skills 
100/60. ' 

01-606 1611 

£9,250 + Middlesex 

Our diems, part of a £ mommfflon group, are estabfehad market 
leaders In licence raising. They now have a vacancy for a PA/8ec- 
retary to work tor the Marketing Director. 

The rale wfl involve you in a variety of tasks including budget con- 
trol liaison with design snxfios, advertising and PR agendas and 
with then-field based operating companies. 

Aged 25-35, you should have 2-3 years previous experience In a 
sim Bar environment and have excellent shorthand and typing skills 
-there w» be extensive use of their Wang WP. Mealy numerate, 
your atbnWstntUon and communication skills, both oral and 
written, wfll be put to good use atthefr luxurious Uxbridge location. 

in return they are offering a salary of £9.250 + and a wide range of 
big company benefits. 

Pleaso reply wWi fuH CV to: 

Jennie Paste, Ittey Advertising (Southern] LKL, 

Old Coist House, OfcfCourt Piece, Kensington, London W8. 



To work with the Managing Director of a 3-month- old Cor- 
porate Consultancy Company whose Blue-Chip Client fist 
Is growing rapidly. 

The Company is based in Hammersmith, West London, the 
opportunity Is to play a central rola In the development of 
this company. 

The tasks, in addition to secretarial services to the MD are 
to take responsibility for administration, allowing the Con- 
sultants to focus their efforts on client briefs. 

Some client contact wiU be involved. Initially tasks will 
range from the sublime to the ridiculous, with the sublime 
taking over progressively. 

The qualifications include complete secretarial proficiency 
and ideally experience of working wtth a computer-based 
word-processor and other systems; training on these 
specific systems wiD be provided. 

The most important qualifications are experience of work- 
ing in a senior position and operating autonomously, with 

The salary - not less than £11,000 is negotiable. The pre- 
ferred age is 27+. 

Please send full written details to: 

- Whitchurch & Company, 

38 Perrers Road, London W6 0EZ. 

j Golden Opportunity 


A senior partner in the world's leading international execu- 
tive-search consultancy seeks a new seaetary to work as 
part of a i re*™ Excellent shorthand, audio and typing are 
required together with a good telephone m a nner and the 
ability to organise a. busy workload. ‘A’ level education 
preferred and word processing skills (IBM 5520) useful Age 
24+ . 

Attractive West End offices and excellent benefits. 

Please send full CV to: 

Sank McDowell, Associate, Personnel Search, 
31 St. James’s Square, London 8W174J1*. 

A golden opportunity has 
arisen far a keen and 
ambitious second jobber to 
work for a major 
International company 
based in the Strand. You 
will work for tee PA and 
become her right-hand 
parson and assist her in the 
running of tee department 
You will ideally demonstrate 
shorthand and audio skills 
and in return you will 
receive excellent training 
and prospects. 



Please contact Shim 

240 9911 

« T S (j 

(J CcwntGarrierfe 
smartest seaaaref people 
31a Jamss Street VWZ2 0I-24099H 


£12,000 + MORTGAGE 

A squib opportunity has arisen within a prestigious City based Merchant Bank 
tor a Hist class Director tare! PA The work Is vary varied pravUng fufl support 
to a young dynamic Director, who has wide ranging respansMittes tv rawing 
toe Bank through toe 'mending City changes. A W for admMstretkm and 
excaaent sac. stalls [lOO/fiOl ^e essentia!, together with a smart appe^ance sxi 
a cheerful, energetic approach to writing under presstre. 

Graduate preferred, 'A' levels essential. Age late 20*s-4O. Please caB 


Crone Coricill 


*1 8 Eldon Street, London EC2 



Requlredfor extremely busy 
director of Health * Leisure 
group. Able; to .work 'under 
pressure; also work long 
hours when necessary, 
shorthand required. Please 
send CV and. full details to 
Box "No 2278 L Tbe Times 

Architects and 
• Interior Design. 

Office- in Meet Bad neocta no- 
retary KHiigante 2 senior part- 
ners. CtaLantacb trank and 

meeting ■ anangejnerts. fafcon 
Wfth other port o ora*nd 

Personal Secretary 
Design Co.W1 
£9,000+ . 

Experienced shorthand sec- 
retary -110/B0 for ma rwgl ng ' 
dkactor ot expending design 
group. Lots of telephone 
work, A dtent contact Good 
personality, enjoy being part 
of a team, sound general 

Please cad Sheryl StauRont 
on 01-439 77B5 

SEC/PA £8,700 

PLUS COUPLETS.Y he fabesi r 
tfyon m 21 +. kmei0/53sk&s tag' 
enjoy the hectic dry onirosmacttei 
tag NOW 1-frit BUPA. nontax- 
pension, stuff ibuubbbL 60 % flint' 


01-628 4737/01-828 2727 

. . ■ £9£Q0nsg- 

PfiftSOHHR ASlSTWfff ; 


c£ 10 JM)fl 

The .young and dynamic 
managing director dr a fast 
growing desigi .company, 
is urgently looking for an 
exceiieflt secretary with 
WP experience. Luxurious 
offices with a wonderful 
"tiuzzy” atmosphere. 
Must have excellent skills 
arida-charming telephone 
manner. Fabulous oppor- 

CaD Mandy Stafford 

— K .fn ' ff lyMifi 



Immediate opportunities 
with Manpower (New Bond St) 


★ Word Processor Operators 

★ Secretaries 

★ Typists 

needed for tong and short term assignments Excellent 
benefits and free word processor training. 


MANPOWER. Tel: 491 3970 
Temporary Services 


[*) v «>f*TTT* V — 



IT yw tana good back mart *i the 
a wttnut mil and good 
IncretaiW drift HDO/eO). wu »a 
mjt wring to an i mwtmn t 
■Maor trto Is at Hr top at to 

greiwfcM. Vn «■ pnarite kta wW 
tifll uutUitd afpnt ta a ahcMc 
■nfnnrnMl tfet nbry knl nflaa 
your ratoaa nparian w . yar goto 
and artBanea and your aMty to 
cenank ^uaatf »hoii haa to t ty to 
aacBHB naa i ll i w 




you wfl ba oaBad on to um 
vour inttrtva to g« wtofljr 
nvolMd with . «tov io actually 


Editorial and Resevdi Assistant 
required to provide an affective 
Mnfce to two senior axacutives 
n too Export Division. AbSty to 
worii on own initiativa aod mot 
doadinu essantaL Good typing 
•ssaitiat to tol witii own can- 
apo nd an a . WP skats a advan- 
tage. nunafiate start preferred- 
Please apply to Pnonod 
Deparemot, ruUkters Assoce- 
txm, 19 Baflord Squva, London 

iMnfliiM goad mb (700/60, sene 

Hdb and WP} and a cknrfal mCq 
^pneb. Pteaa cat- 

434 4512 


. IlgauitiMntCsriWMBta 

99 R«s«flts Street, W 1 . 

SH/audo Sec to charming 
MD of towing Ad agy. Good 


Raqulrad for aol« pnetttonar in 



ib q uin d fa ereHriwdty tixAe oSn 
aav Usd Cams. AtiBy ta mA dans 
into men nog oh bdodu n. 
wdU. Sand ega flarfaw i akflt and 
U^t paoMdty a nuL Aga S&- 
Sabry taSliDOO- 

01*637 8265 

organisational skills. Soma 
recruitment . responsibility. 
Previous Board level exp 
eseenti&L Age 27-35. 

^cep^vnth aoc typing reqti 

Smart appaarance and well 

£8,000 • £9,000 

£8,500 p.a. 

rcoulrcd by major ErwOUi 


Our client a leacflng research consultancy seeks an 
outgoing, confident p ers o n able to provide a first 
class information senrlae to senior executives and 
important efients. You should be well educated to ‘A’ 
level or degree standard with a responsible, mature 
attitude. Good experience of routine information 
functions Is essential together with the ability to 
maintain an accurate data base. 

City 01-2403551 West End dt-240353V3511 

Bizobeth Hunt 

Reau ib nentGxguftonts 


£neg + Directorship Potential 

Our Qent Is a wefl estabfehed and respected recruitment 
consultancy specialising in se crei ari al ap p o v ri nw i n s. 

They are launching a raw and autonomous Company mmad at 
ambitious and motivated individuals. You wfll be placing these 
candidates, with marketable sfcfls - WP, test typing etc - in 
companies where their potential to move up tee promotional 
ladder is recognised and encouraged. 

They are seeking a professional who can demonstrate 
enthusiasm. Initiative and tenacity; in particular you wi! have the 
ent re preneurial abttty to buto up a ctient portfofio and manage 
this new bustoess. Ideally aged 28 years +. 

Expertise m the recruitmen t of temporary and permanent 
personnel Is essential coupled with an ex ce pti onal record as 
Senior ConsuNanL 

This is an outstanrfing career opportunity to rapkfy gain 
Directorship within the Company you wfl launch and manage. 
Salary wfll not be a problem for a peraon of sutabto caftxe and 

Write In the first Inst ance with C.V. and covering totter to 
Bartlett Advertising Ltd, 13 John St, London WC1N 2EB 
Bating separately any compani es to which you do not wish 
you' application to be forwarded. P l ea se quota Ref. G/23 on 


Advertising Limited J 


Safety circa £10,000 (Including London Weighting) 

As one of the UK’s largest travel agency multiples, 
Limn Poly Limited has a thriving Youth Training 
Scheme programme. Young people on the 
scheme are now our main' recruitment source and 
we are constantly seeking to upgrade the quality 
of training offered to them. 

Growth in numbers and the introduction of the 
two year scheme has created a need to appoint a 
Co-ordinator to develop our programme. 

Naturally this is a role which will appeal to 
someone committed to the development of young 
people and who understands the aims of YTS. 

The job brief majors on liaison and administration 
so the successful candidate is likely to have 
excellent interpersonal dulls, be well organised 
and numerate. 

Written applications witk a full C.V. should be sent 

Mrs J. Francis 
Personnel Manager 
Limn Poly Limited 
4/7 Chi5wcll Street 
London EC1Y4TH 



I am Chairman of a fast-expanding publicly-quoted 
advertising and public relations consultancy. 

I am looking far an exceptional Execu tive/Rsrsonal 
Assistant who is presentable, intelligent and has a lively 
mind. The ideal candidate will be hard-working and 
committed, tactful and discreet and above all, should 
have a good sense of humout 
The work is pressurised, often highly confidential and 
die hours are quite demanding, but this is reflected in 
the remuneration package which includes profit-sharing. 

If you are aged 24-28 and believe that your back- 
ground, experience and unusual personal qualities make 
you the right candidate far this job, please contact me, 
RegV&lin, or else my current Assistant, 

Jane Sower by on 01*730 3456. 


of a growing Travel Magazine Pabtishing Company in Central 

This calls fir a person with exceptional aO-rmmd secret aria l and 
oxganisauonal akflla. A good outgoing personality to needed to 
handle the liaison with major clients in both Europe and the USA 
and to become really involved in this exciting position. 

Salary win be np to £10,000 p^.. pins good working conditions in 

Please apply in writing, or 

writing^orby telephone to: 

The Managing Director, 


55-56 St Martin Lane, 

Laotian WCZN4EA. 

TeL: 01-379 0377 


A bright lively personality aged 25+ with a good education 
is required to be the PA/Sec to a Director of a large suc- 
cessful service industry group. Duties are varied but in- 
clude a significant involvement in adverting together with 
tee more useful secretarial (audio and shorthand] skins and 
organizational functions. Common sense and Initiative will 
be well rewarded. 

Phase ring B1-828 8004 


Look no further than this. We are a leading nubile com par 

tee hotiday industry and we are looking tor a bright experi- 
enced and waS organised secretary /PA for a main board 
director/company secretary. The successful applicant must be 
able to undertake afi secretarial duties with a minimum of 
supervision, good shwthand/autflo sktts essential - WP an 
advantage. Salary negotiable + excellent fringe benefits. ; 
Please send cv to; 

Mrs L Mason, Astiey House. 

33Nottlng H in Gate, 

London. W113TQ. 




® Trade 01-8372104 and 01-278 9232 Private 01-837 3333 or 3311 


and School 118-40 KM STOOP). TeL 



holidays and villas 



” 1 51 CLASS'* 


jth ~ ffiUSMNI E * 





ski west standby 










■ l '-N\K-A 

’ TPBOf-m 


»mr*3To:- • 


Ml AMI ' 

. Mu' unn ei cry -nr nr u* in i:\ on 
"'*£!} jccordlnn io the nrKilr" « ihe 
aiii ui ciirin. 

EpM-ann* a 7 

Flltan* Kimtacoim. Friday. January 
?*ui. a! 2 IS m Family end local 

Mend* only. No flowm Donation* 
to Enrat« Hmpliai. Memorial service 
lo D« announced later. 

MACNAMARA. - On J.-uuiarv 

1 98* *>ldtnly Hi homo. Wood Farm. 
Pcjwnhaii. Suffolk. Hdga Win u red. 
mosi dearly loved wife of Bm. Pal 
Maenamara. foiei W afl «*h« fcnc«f 
hrr Funeral scn-le* at Peascnnatl 
Church, on Tundv 3BUi January 21 
12 30 pm. followed hi private 
cremation No flower* please If 
desired, ilciuucm far Che Winifred 
Fellow-hip or The Treloar Trual. c o 
Tony Brown. The Funeral Parlour. 

Sa.rmurulham. Suffolk. 

Me CART IE _ On January 2l«. 1980. 
suddenly. In hMIHStoil Hospital. 
Catherine. 04101 Cd »ile of Denis. 
Sen Ice al Kingston Crematorium. 
Tumlaj. Jiniun' 23ln al I Mp.m 
No flowery please, bin darvnUons U 
desired lo Bni£li Heart Foundjlicv 
1C2 Gloucester Place. London Wl 

MILLS - On January 2 in. loeo. 
peacefully al nome. Alfred Chariot 

LvMon. Delovul husband of Beryl 
and much lo- cd l.itim. lalhrr -In -law 
and nrandf.iihcr Funeral service a> 
Saint Muiirr Parish Church, on 
Saturday. rSIh January ai 2 30p m 
■oiiowed nv private at 
Portmnly. rid flowers. Donation* if 
desired lo the Cornish CufacmU 
Trust. TrdliV Hospital. Truro. 

MITCHELL - On January I Pin. 
Marian <■ Allre Cremation privele 

Family flowers only 'ramwiwal no- 

OLIVER - on January 20in. peacefully 
in hosoiiai aller a Miori ilumc. 
Kenneth John, e-loihl hu'-t-aod oi 
PaL raiher of ci'iuioeiier. £f<q nine* 
Please la Frc-dniore bula pie. ware 

OJfLEY On torn January- al 
AddenDrooke-t Hospital. Cambridge, 
after a (onoUlress. John Elite. ilnani . 
loved h'ruand of Serena and Ijllm 
of Ceroid and Georgina Funeral S. 30 
Tuesday 23ih. All Satrls. 
Newmarket Family flowers only 
Any dona nans lo Injured Jockeys 
Fund PO Hoc 9. Newmarkcl. w 
ward Ad AddennrtMifce's. 

PORTER. - On January : I'n. Douglas 
Bertrarn. husband of Sandra and 
loving father of Mari.. Paul. Na-.han 
and Emma Funeral sort ice al Si 
Peter'* Church. Earley. Pearling a. 

SA“ l*A ~u 


lEifd 19691 

59 Somh Sl Epsom. Surrc: 
(037271 27538/25530/27 1 1)9; 
4 1 769^4832/ 2609T 
Telex 24667 


BOnnETT On January l tip at St 
i ereWi KocBlial la Jennifer me" 
L-'ei end Michael, a daughter Harrlcl 
Hera, a lister IW Alcvandc.- and 

BLACK Or I7U> January '**80 a* Si 
Mary-- Paddington. to sally 
*Pamannsi and Cranmc - a daughter. 
Joanna Rosamond Agnes. 

RPOWVRIGG On January 21 ti 1986 

-)l S) George’' HOfWU' Treiinelobl 
■nee GiUdncr-Browni and Andrew ,i 

laughter 'Lucy' a -.Isler for Amy 

ZURNS. - On Dccemtj-r 9ih. 1985 :o 
Jimmy and Marv-KidW "new 
'ddingionj — n second daughter 
-Miriam Janeli In Vluarigue. Chile 

CHUCK On January 3rd a* Si Pelers 
Hospital. Cher l «v la CMhy 
Blnnei and Pot-.-ri - ■■ daughter 
•Mriisra EUzahclh Ann' another vL-.ier 
<or Nicola and oulvv 

COYLE On January 2‘.st lo Astrid wilt 
nf Kevin, a son in Johannesburg. 

DERRY -EVANS On January 22nd. at 
Matilda Hovpllal. Hong Kong, lo 
°-D«ca i nee Tutwiaii-Bcnren.' 1 ano 
Robert - a daughter ■ Lucyi 

FARMILOE - Oh Jjnuarv NTih to 
Caroline 'nee Durden Jt.e Mlehacl - 
n da 'jollier (Clara Anne a slslrr for 
Mark and Fiona 

GRANDE - On January :5th :o Rote- 
mac 'nee Temple i and Mle*vael - a 
daughter ‘Alice EJbabelhr a oilier lor 

GUY. _ On January 1 2 al St Thom.v- 
t'cryllal |g Ruin .nee Wva:l( and 
P-siard - a daughter > Philippa Mary 

HDARE On jamar- r2r-d l»Su=lr incr 
Pobreoi and Ed-vard - a von {Richard 

KIMG. - On January Idlh in London, 
to Mandv inee Ciniin' anc r-lork. 
Daniel a Dromrr for Da- id 

LEWARS On Jaituarv DMh In Ed-'l- 
hr.urn-;. to Miehete -nee nimray 
T.ijlori and Mari- a dau jm?r Holly 
Miron Dalzlel 

MARENGO- ROWE On Januai-i Sift to 
Lesley incc Bar'eyi and Anthony - a 
■on -Beniamin i hr rived a mrmih 
early, a wonderful surprise. 

MWIW On Janimrv ,r>rd in Sydney to 
.fan-: <nce Ferguson i a.-rd ,-lfcv. a 

r ARSONS. - On January am al The 
.lehn Rodellffc Hoarlial. Cxford. io 
John and Jane 'iw Hovvei: •. a daugh- 
ter. Katherine .’ane a sister ror 
'.lines and Joanna. 

FIMCS. On Jnnuon* 201 ft 198*. Id Jane 
■ne AsIKrMii and Tony - daughter 
-Mac kaicasisl-T far Sarah. 

ROMANES- See Black. 

ROȣR - On January 17lh la Svdney 
Amnnilla - nee Peyncldst r-nd Simon, 
a ion 'Witiiam AruturCMvtei. 

STAYT an uctft JwjJO' 1 99* ■a! 
Od-lack Hospital. SalK-hur,. to Jane 
and Fairlct a von Thomas Pauley 
j-bs-jn. a orolher lor Laura Jan". 

THOMPSON. - On January lith to 
C'are 'nee ~cRsr and Mfrhoel. a 
rlauohler Laura. Who d'ed ofler a few 
da;, s 

U TECH IN on 21 January to Annie mec 
■sender Cud Hr' end Nicholas, al the 
lohn R-j del. If -v OrJord. -t son. 
ThrKinrher AnthMiy Raltibone. 










1 63.000 dlerrto Hnor 1970 
o/w rtn 


PERTH £37? £S8Z 

AUCKLAND £«> £770 

BANGKOK £108 £3*3 

SINGAPORE £225 £«6Z 

BAU £S!«£S8I 

HONGKONG £237 £A74 

COLOMBO £24? £d20 

CAIFO f.SO £270 

NAIROBI £251 £385 

JO’BIHC C 309 £«79 

LIMA C2&& £U« 


NEW YORK £ 1 29 £2 5B 

GENEVA £75 £87 

Cl 93T ;joo 
01-603 1515 

01-933 5ASA 




Courchevel and val msere. 

Stetpenwch AIT 
25 J Alt £129 £169 

I Feb £t39 £179 

Abo i-ehmrgaina front £89! 

0373 36481 1 



Save £46 on i/e apto- 

01-584 SW 

Ctiale; standby £] 45 


Frankfurt £S9Cair-j 


2 Dmntan Steel. London. W1 
Trt0i-W9 5S21.8OO7 






Cen. 2ur 

£S9 Nairobi 
£-so Joburg 
£88 H Kona 

£1 C-9 Tororilu 

lb? La sf 

£79 Svd-Met £09? 


MEYTS wiOi healed iwunmlrs 
pool. Bargain offers - I week 26 
Jan A 1H Feb at £189. AJr /chalet 
Inc of 3 meals a day. with unlimited 
wine at dinner. Rloo Jeannlo Dal- 


(02231 31 1 1 13 


Acer** BarctAy card 

Non-Stop 3 Weekly 



AFRICA 'Ease Wht South' 

Lomre-ctabUshed experts In 

L Palmas £f.9 TAVIV £169 


j; s^aJowSI , London. W 1 

Tei- ourressr o: 73a geos 



single rei 
lO'BLPC HAR £W £*><>« 

N.VIRCBI £220 LK5 

KHARTOLM £105 £27! 

LA COS ££TO £5£C 

DEL HI -BOM £22o £35Q 

HANCKOK £186 £526 

DOC LA E- £«C 

and manv more 
162 ‘163 Hegen: St. London W l. 

0M3? SZr.Vfr' 7/8 

Lair * group bookings welcome 
Amcx visa diners 

New 3 ore. £240 Jo'Durp £4*5 
LO? Attg £359 Nairobi £35 O 
Sydney £758 Bangtock £559 
Auckland fcSfio Toronto £249 



Chalet portae* 

25th Jan £169 t*IFeb.£2l9 

The TOP French * Swtas reeorts 
Also Feb. March A April avail- 
ability. ice 01 inn for -angles, coup- 


Free Video & free exercise leaflet 
FREEDOM HOLIDAYS 4656. 061-2360019 

o ATOL 432 lATA .AITO 

Nairobi, jo'burg. Cairo. .Dubai, to- 
l.inbui. Slnoanore. K L. Delhi. 
Bangkok. Horn Kona. Sydney. 
Europe t. the America* Fjamkgo 
Travel. 3 v.-v OufM Si. Marble 
Arch. Landau WiH TDD. 

01 -102 02 17.16/14. 

Open Saturday 1 0.00- 1 J.W. 

-. 33pra. Fnciv January 2-»lh- 
Flower* C o Mcmrs Lovcgravcv 1 la 
Oxford Rd. Reading 

PYE. - On January 2Qlh 19B6 al 
Ipswich aged V- years. Harold John 
P>c. ma. of Cambridge and 
Burriharo-an-Croucn A dearly loved 
brother. *leo-falncr. arid fjrahdad. 
runcral pm ale al hi:- reguesl. Do- 
naitoiH may be senl to The Jubilee 
Sailing TrusL Allaniic Road. Eastern 
Docks. Southampton. 

HOLLAND - On 2:st January, peace- 
fuiiv in Hmpliai. Susie of 26. Buia 
Gardens S.W 5. Cremation ai Eas 
Chapel. Colder* Crcen. S ot> am. 
Friday. 24Ui January. Enquiries lo 
Dawson A Co oi 2 New Sguare. 
Lincoln* trui. WCSA 3R2. Tel; 404 

SAMUEL On January 22nd. peace- 
fully oiler a snarl Illness Donald 
Edwin Lewis, vary dearly loved 
husband of Rosemary and muon 
laved lather and grandfather. Crem- 
a'lon. Hoop Lane. Friday. January 
2dth II 50 a.m. Prayers Saturday . 
January 2S‘Ji 8pm at 16 
MJribareoQh Mansions. Carman Hid. 
N.W 6. No (lower) but donation* If 
desired to waver ley Manor. Great 
North Way. N W 4 Memorial 
Sen ice to be announced . 

SHAWD On 21*1 January, peacefully. 
Rachael or High Wycombe. Beloved 
wife of Ihe late Or W. C. E. Sftand: a 
much loved mother or Diana. Judy. 
Elizabeth and BretL and loved gran. 
Funeral service 2 45 pm. 
Wednesday 29th January at 
Hughendctv Parish Church. Flowers 
or tf preferred donation* lo: Howard 
Home, vicarage Way. Cerrards 
Cross. Bucks. 

WHITAKER, agnes Mary Loved by 
Antony. Huso Jason. Christian and 



New York £147 O-W £260 rtn 
L Angeles £’.F0o «■ £S45rtn 
Taranto £165 a. w £255 rtn 
Jo'burg £264 a w £465 rtn 
Svdney £399 a w £670 rtn 
Auckland £405 a w £750 rtn 
Delhi £250 o w £575 lift 

Call--* £!40o VV £21 6 rw 

Bangkok KlOow £550 rm 

TcIAviv £99 g w £169 rlh 

c-lher baiaoirw 


Td 01-3706237 


From £179 

S C £109 

Tel: 01 -785 2200 

Minch. Deo* '04221 78121 
AST 4 16723 ATOL I2K 

£43 pp pw tor super */c opts ha 


L ove from Ma. Pa. Marina nng 
i win. 


PSEL - NEVILE al Si Marys Church. 
R'jrv SI Edmunds, on 22 Janu.-ry 
:97< Fcler peel. The Rifle Brigade to 
\ .ii» I le Ainu Mary r.evlle. 



PHONE 01-584 7571 

ALGARVE. Luxury villa nr Lagoa. 
Prnlna golf 25 nuns, i dble rooms 
with bath Spacious living, cintno 
room lead* te> full length south and 
sea facing terrace, mature garden. 
Swimming pool. Maid service 0*<L 


O. w- Return 
Sydney £42B £64S 

A ljc “land £42? £774 

Bangkok £2CS 550 

Jo'burg £264 £470 

LC* Anaelc* £ 1 77 £360 

1 31 Earl* Court Road. SWS 
Phone: 101 ' 370 6352 

Mer! 6-1 and La Plwmr al discount 
price* thro ugh otil ine -vcaaon Sid 
Wed 0373 B64B1 1 ABTA. 

LOW COST FLIGHTS. Most European 
drsrtnaHcn* Call Valmrander 01-402 
CC52. ABT A ATOL 1960. 


130 dlf 2w+ hols. 27 Jan Feb 10 
Mar Firs of *im. hotel* ttk' Sandy 
beaches pools, le-vnls. windsurf, 
summer 86. free child oiaee Book 
direct La'c Tours. 01^41 0122. 


dlccoun: fare*. O.T C 01-602 3236. 

CHEAP FARES worldwide. Pan 
Express 01 439 2944. 

COST CUTTERS on flights hob to 
Europe. USA and all dmdnauons 
Diploma: Travel 01-730 2201. 



Hay mantel Travel 01 950 I3t6 


America.. Mid and Far E ast. 5 A fnca- 
Trajialc. *9 Margarei Sn-ecL “ I 

0 1 -680 292B ' V Isa ac copied i 

Fllgnls from kiosl UK 3 | f^ rts n '^’?2y 
tale special offers. Faldor 01-471 
OtwrATOL 1*40 Ace. Visa. 

Island* 01 -dV> 4583. ATOL 2031. 


DISCOUNTS 1*1 economy Trs- us 
lasL FtlghtbocVers. 01 387 9100 


E ITEMAN - EILEEN - P*aeefulls '■n 
: I ih January. a< Somersci _w«L 
rw-eplv mourned by Anlhonv. Pnllip. 
Crraldtne. Robin and Beryl. 

BE ATT1E. HOWARD R. - On Tuesday, 
.tan-jory 14. Retired from Onlarto 
Mlhlslry of Educaucn 1 965. a life 
member of k ltwinnlna 64. London, 
after a lengthy lllrc-rr.. al Siinnybrcak. 
Medical Centre. Beloved husband of 

Ruby, dear braihrr ol sai J. Beattie 
nf London. Funenj ser.lw was held 
in Toranlo. Or.iane. Canada on 
Friday. January' 1 7th 1986 Crem- 
•ilion fallowed If desired, donations 
mav oe made to the Canadian Cancer 
Society. Suite 710. 2 Carllen Street. 
Toronto. Onlarto. Canada MSB wJ2 
Arrangement* enn-uded la the 

Humphrey Funeral Home A. w. 
Miles Chapel. Toronw. 

BO LLANO. - On January l'lh Lone 
Irving brio-, ed 'dip of Lie late U Col 
Thomas Arthur WUIIam Bolland. 
Loving and much loved mother of 
Christopher. Mother In-law- of Judy 
and Grandmother of HcnrleUa and 
Charlolte. Funeral priv ale. Service of 
Thariksbling will oe held at The Otd 
Church. Chelsea, at 12 noon on 
Tuesday February 26ih DonoUons tf 
desired lo Fncnda or St Stephen's 
Hospital. Fulham. 

C&U-ANAN. Peacefully al SI TtMiBM' 
Hospital, on 20Jh January, aped 69 
Cofianan Right Ffr-. -rend vtonsMnor 
Canon Joseph. S1A. KHS. Mcar 
General of Ihe Archdiocese of 
boulhwark'. Heguiem Mass at 51 
'^urge's Cathedral at 1 1 30 am on 
Wednesday 29 ih January 

CAPES. - On January lbsh. 1986. 
r< rcefully al Bimey House. Bramle-. . 
Surrey. DoroLhj Florence aged 83 
Beloved mother of Violet and Nancy, 
much loved by hrr nrnr. nephew 
and all ner grosl nrlces and nepnow*. 
tiv funeral service win be held al 

January 19B6. runeral and mem- 
orial service. Si Mary'*. Church 
Street. Twickenham. 1pm. 2aitl 
January. All welcome. Family 
flow-er* only, bul anv donanon* lo 
Cruse. 126 Sheen Road. Richmond. 
Surrey TW9 i UR. 

YE R BURY - on January Ihe i9ui 1986 
al Hie Kent and Canterbury hospital. 
Sheila Dorothy, dear wife bf John. 
Funeral Service January £8lh. 
3.1 Spm. Waltnam parish Church. 
Followed by prluale cremation. Fam- 
iLv flower* oniv . Donation; If desired 
io. Brain Research TrusL 64 
Guildford Si. London WCI KiDP 

TUSCANY. Fully egulpped farmhouse, 
sips 6 i studio nai sID* 2 m mediaeval 
hill Top v Ullages. From £76 pw Tel. 

USA from £99. M«W Travel. 01-485 
9237 WTA 

Massive stores of wool blended 
Berber*, from £3.96 »g yd * VAT * 
many bargains in room sizes in all 

01-249 0806 ; 01 949 MSO'cvcsi. 
SKI TOTAL 1+8 Feb Ofer» Ir. £.2 50 
H B fly. H Term. Mar. Easter vacs. 
07932 . 231 113. 

ALICANTE. Faro. M, un, ctL l 7 

Diamond Travel. Oi-aai 46*1 
Horsham 6S£4 1 . ATOL 1 7S5. 


01-441 ;IU TravsJwB*. ATOL 1*85 

ITS TURKEY TSME1 Turklili delight 
hob. For a ia*le of summer 01-891 
6469. ATOL 2047. 

CAR HIRE MALAGA £ Gibraltar. Tel: 
Lo* BoUdies 01 -668 6943 & 061-505 


FLIGHTS Greece. AKMrve. Cauwl«- 
Spain. Germany. 

Z«US. 01-43* 1647. ATOL. AITO 


BIRKIN. A memorial and thanksgiving 
sert ice for the life of Air Commodore 
J. M Blrkm. CB. DSO. OBE. DFC. 
AFC and AE. will be held al SI Ocm- 
ml Dane'* Church on Friday. Feb- 
ruary 21SL at 12 noon. 

PETERS. - A service of thanksgiving 
for Ihe ufe of Erie Conrad Peters vtco 
president of Uie All England Lawn 
Tennis duo. will he'd on 
Wedrrsdasr. February I21h. at 
It. loam, at SI Jam** Church. 197 
Plccadfits WI 


IN MEMORIAM iVvari - On 
23 1 . S3. Hod son. Hubert Blake 
>Huohi killed in action In Libya 
23rd January. 1942. Dearly re- 


Surrey, on Wednesday January Win 
at 2am. followed ny Interment at 
Proocwood Ce met ar v. Woking. 

P.-ii-siclan, rallfcliT and lather Born 
Januarv 23rd 1886 Remembered 
w itjv deep affecoc-n 

UTTLER, Emile. 1903-19B8 Sadly 
miwd. always loved by Cora. Judy 
and Merrllee 

•OHN/On January 21*1 Funeral 
-rival* Service of UumKvrlvlng lor 
inend*. Saturday. Februor.- :+t 2 30 
p it., al St Mary's Church. Rougham. 

CASTLE. - on January 21. peacrlul'y 
Richard B. T. CaiUe. OBE. in hb 81 st 
- car Loved husband of JIB .and 
rothcr of Elisabeth and Genffw 
Funeral prtvaie ThanKsglvino 
•-jrviee oft Tuesday. January 28. at 
2 30pm. ot Holy Trinity- Church. 
Cuckfieid. Susses. No flowers please, 
bul donations U desired lo Hav wards 
Heath Hospital League of Friends, 
c p J. & R Manncwg. B Church SL 
CuckflHd. Sussc*. 

Tadcaaier. Ncrtn Yorksnire For- 
merly Chief Ed-jcaUC-ft Ofllcer. West 
R'dlng of ^ ortehire Loving husband 
cl Jessie and father of Andrew. John 
and Petsr Peacefully on Mih 
January. 1986 Buna service at 
SaMon Churcn on tu-CurdaV 2S 
January al 2 pm Family flowers 
ej»1y OonaJcns if sc- desired lo Tnc 
Oarklnson* Disease Society al 36 
Po.-iLshd Place. London, w l N 3GG 

CPEPJN. - On Januan 9<J. peacefully 

--i Raymond Thirstin' House. 
Erdlngton. Birmingham 24. Roy 
Grebln. dearly loved and loving 
ouvaand d Pat and Ulc lale -\mie 
father. lalher-ln-law. and grand 
father of Moira. John. David. James 


l»rer* sough! oy author who a inwr- 
estevl in all recollections bul 
•specially those bcfw*«n 1930- 1 9S6 
All ccnlnbulioris will be acknowi- 
edged and the rclum of aU personal 
documents i* o'jarantecd. Please 
w-iiie Ic Box 2S67R The Times. 

iMtgndhg people. I nave passed my 
met her i.i daylloh: on a pavement - 
vr.c attracted nv. a hen Uon My Ih- 
luiuon lebmedown Desiree. 

USA SUMMER JOBS, ranches, re. 
ions, etc Directory laUhg 50.069 
leer- in W H Smith etc. or £6 go irom 
Vac Work. V Park End SL Oxford. 

llr si of veend day; urgent reguire- 
meni for Ob' Urrtv Telephone 01-831 


To Amorica. tJ.Z. 4 Auslrafia. We 
can abo dock car hire, ravel 
eisuranca. local tours ft hotels. 

Tel: 01-930 255S 
35 Whitehall, 5W1 


The s>>v-r;i Cr.c :c 
Hii-id ( Vl- -j . ? -jr^: ■ r_^3 
ii. Ji: :« cnit'iid L L*Sf-iai 
J.' JviL'.^frOp:Ji- KarV -* *" ! 

be f£"JC '• TCfiii nr-at ?7*7 

•> ,.-c : ' . *.V . .- '.i-’-.o -t.C i-:~ ■ 



01-878 9141 

resista carpets, 

5S4 Fulham Rd. 
Parsons Green. SW6 
Tel: 01-736 7551 

Free estimate - expert fitting 



Offer cater*; Chalet* la Mcribrt 6 
Csurchevct rrem £140 n-b 1 wk. 
£230 2 wk* met travel, great food, 
ur.'ltd w:r.e & extensive g u iding. 

RING C 1 -733 2333 OFFICEf 
C. 737 5861 24HFK1 

ST VALENTINES DAY . . . Sav It wj:h 
firework*! Sec Tunc* Services 
Column today 

urgent!; need* entry in London 
Marathon. Box 29i* The Time* 
art courses. See Educational 

Jenuary 24. al i lam Family nouer* 
only, please, but donations If desired 
lo The National Trusi. Lave Dtsblcl 
- saAnnna Fizti .- f fn wn Ann£f 

CROOKES. REGINALD, peaceful!;' in 
haipllal on -Imtivy l^Lh 1986 
Funeral service at Breakspear 
Crematorium. Pui*iip. Middlr-cv on 
Tuesday January 23ih .v 315 p.m. 
DA VENTHY- - Poberi Oliver, varoimi 
Davcntry peacefully in hi* 9*lh year 
al 82. Swan CourL Cft“tsca. on I91h 
January Funeral private. Memorial 
sertK* lo be announced later 

DEVAS-PfCHT. fTV A wife of Erie and 

mother of Pauline. Monica. Tessa 
and Tim. peacefully on January £1 In 
Lugano alter a long nines* 

DUNHiLL - Cn January TOih 1 936. 
peaceful!''- fn 4 Sussex nursing home 
, r her °7Ui year. PhylUa bhaflo. 
Lidb-i of Allred Henry Cunhlll. 
Service a! The Down* Grcmaiotium. 
Bear Hood. Brtghlon. n n U'rdnnfdav. 
"Swffiri m lOJOam. ramify 
flow erg only and no letter* ptca*g. 
rnniwns On January 22nd. Dr 
Michael Wilfred Lddln^t. Sdaeefuliy 
>i Hgiji*. Funeral PTiKe 11 am 
Wednesday January J3th a! Pori*- 
mouth Cathedral. fcBouTd bv crcm- 
■itloft at PoGcttrster 1«. noon. Howerv 
may be sent to Andrew*. Klnesuw 
Crr*cmi. Port* mouth or tf preferred, 
donations W RNU 

cp-icsTONE-BARNES. - On January 
■j" 1956. paxefUliv ai Brackcnira. 
Uhsioiord- winchcilgr. Gwcndracfh 
•’or.' 'nm f.'oak»|. dearly lmed 
mother «■* Rosemary one ersnd- 
nglhf of .AriCrrw. S.- mbrookr, Paul 
prt Sn7»t> Swinner S'ir'.lcc on 
TuifdSV. 28. 3 1 6prn. al All Sdln'3- 
C-nr.PKn- W»f}.rhe*:er Enquirfes 
John &te*l- Ch=il Sir ecu winciicsler. 

FULUA«SS - 59. peace- 

,-.i'y at he— c. 5ummcrl*nds. 

cSrandcc. Hsi‘19 Mun.-I m her 88th 
.7.— widow- of Croup Cazuln 3- l. 
c FuiiiaHins. Beloved mother of 
3,.-vn ChrWttne and MrrviT . a dear 
crandmolber unJ :i'iai orEnCmother 
“oj., crc-Tuhsp ThanKoglviin 
*crvl-e ThurM.iy. January 30. al St 
trier's Church. Curdndv. at 11.30 

BARTON sUddenlv on 1 9th January at 
Li/wffJ* Farm. Owllcii. wjiis. Ian 
L(*ifr. much teiovea nusbond of 
benny, faihsr of Emma. Jonathan 
jnd h'aie. brother of r»obin jnd eldrsi 
ion ef John and Ei'rahrlh. Funrrau al 
Fy field Ciurch r-car .Iblojdw Chon 
fit 2.30pm on Monday 2 Tin January. 

GllLOTT, CLAIR F - PeaceiuiLy in 
Poalo ItosolliU gn Jenuarv 19lh 1986 
r nBuvlc* M lh7 f> opiTaUvg Funeral 
Seiwc. Tclcvlio.'c KVZI T43169. 

In Uia Communities of 


ferrtf f Ph 4 deny P»» «n ItPr Jtafpd ellli 
Oeejm afio kart OgMK MFSIea ps. W( 
tmtit tows I tor Oh If Bsussary) to w»- 
un totrdDj. ft Hikslugi utrby. Pleas* 
help usart ad Aenttp BIS *iU mHi 
looctoiBL w3h a legacy, esmm v oow 

B n. Frse boakbt « nflwf Maks from 
arts* M. B. Hafirs (Co. Sec.| L'bton LW. 
14 LDSdon Ri Seda . SoftA NR34 SKH 
{jrtumt (filC 715323) 

Macmillan fund 

'■’i't—i r. h-trM-'AXrVtCesr >e-d 

fa v rw:; 

to help people 
vrith Cancel? 

Tour legacy, covenant, 
donation (cash, cheque. 
PO. or bv Credit Card) 
will help to replace 
pain, anxiety ana despair 
with calm and hope. 
Please, send NOW to: 
National Society 
for Cancer Rfilia 
Room 2E. }0 Dorset Square 
London NW1 6QL 
Telephone: 01-402 S125 



Sl2“ed Ch3i9t Ber^ay-s Andorra 
- 25 j an £159. Air t Chaw: inei of 
3 mea!s a Cay with unLirifted wina 
a: c.-trer 

Mf o®:-saH8C ataiets ter 
driv erg-?8S. 1st. 8te S t5Ci CtfO 
■TrZ- C terry Crossing & 3 
mea'-S a say. V/itfi * at Cinrer. 





Opened in 1916. The Royal || 
Slari Garter prc'/ides a , 

true home far disabled ■; 

ex-servicemen and woman, i 
Please help us lo continue : 
caring for these men and < 
women, io whom v;e owe so 
much, by sendinga donation ! 
or leaving a legacy. The need j! 
is urgent! 1 

D«rt.TIfUt6niMd . Surrey TWIG 6RR 


C"a»: p*.-tas from £129 
Spif caifrr-uj hno, £» 

L»!a pook-rgs - Pav t, swts ca 

Coi'ac: 5*83 x GabticK. 

Tel: 01*331 5446 
Half term stiH available 

ATO*. 132TB 

Catered Chalets from 

i Feb ilvC 

• ?-J> C2‘.? 

ISFri* Cj° 

Msrihcl. VeAar. »‘«I d"iscrr iTignet 

Aim usmcenU Swa 



Spacious resUy tuximous mews 

house witn Baraga in one o* the 

most mesngiiws 

toad on betYwen Hydfl Prt ^ 


Substantial Companies/ 
Embassies only 



Lcmng & Management 

01-351 7767 


spacious family house 
^Central tocatton. 
trad himtebedand 
wed dBCorated 

thraughoiA DMere- 

capdon, ^ n 9 (f r0 S t 
(to seat 10)- F - F - 
chen. 4 bedrooms, Z 
BGtbroofns (1 enstite) 

ffl[- room"' roof ter- 

£350 per weeK 
01-727 7227 

Kngs Henry's Road, MR 

Ymr ipKtan 1st & 2nd fir am Bjb 
3 <&b bate. 2 reap*, 2 tofoj. £ft. w 
in ttt koS)JU. E375 pa m. 


Randolph Cwwwt,W9' 

Ortnan lit floor flat, ktmm 
dBSQned o'lotttij esfl> ga r ju j . 2 
ted s. tei rm. Hn bL htb «tt 
sfwisr. E275fB»]/te. 

722 5135 


? G#coi^ne^P 

£149 pp. Inclusive catered hci!d*y*- 
Ln Ares. i'ai dTscrc and •nan®. Can 
Ski val on 01-903 4444 or 01-200 
6080 <24 firs). 

"Sunday*'’ £12.60 incL Remember 
Whan. 01 -668 6333. 

have tteStds for these and all Uieatra 
and Sports. Tel: 65X 1719. 637 171*. 
AU major credit cards. 

Starlight Express, asm SL AO 
theatre and smrt*. 821 6616 VB» & 
A. EX. 

Goveit Cdn. * aD outer sold our 
events. ObtainUries Lid. 01 -839 

taunt 15th edition coat £1.100 
Absolutely as new. £550. 01-699 

THE TIMES .1814-19881. Give tome- 

class rood Timed £399. Can 
orranca deliver* . 01-453 0148 m 
uumular excellent condition Tel 
0626 633 731 iTl 

ST VALENTINES DAY . . . Soy It wtth 
Firework*: DellGht vour VoMntUlc 
wlih an imtlaUoc art heart of m Wnk 
and white nieworlu. outer messages 
available. Pyrotechnics Lnllnilted 
741 9687 

Find new partners tnnr hedi 

6066. Men 40-65 in demand. 
FRIENDSHIP, Love or Marriage. 
Datedne. all Wo. areas DaleUne. 
Dent TSTJ £3 Abingdon Road. 
London W9 7*101938 1011. 
CALIBRE CVs. Professionally written 
and produced (urrxuun vine 
documents. Deuuir o 1-6802969. 

BALDWIN ANTIQUES regulre rau up 

A pedestal desks, bookcases, ladles, 
chairs, large wardrobe*, chests, 
picture* A similar Items. 01 -986 01 48 
or 01 -238 2716 day or nwiL 
WANTED inlaid Victorian and 

Edwardian furniture pedestal desks; 
dinms table* and Irrrrrsii 014*1 

ANT JEWELLERY. Gold. Diamond*, 
urgently wanted. Ttf 01-405 8538 


Buy War Medals 



aBjjMf John Morgan Travel, 

JSgfili 01-499 1911 ot 


. . ..... • .... 0f 5<ffi y 0ur tyjyjj agenL 

John Morgan T rarel 
b a diTiBon of Menu Travel Lid. 

£178 ocm SK 946-MT6. 

io suit n<* youiw mala prof. £H0 
pull. £vn 2264675. 

CHARHtnta ROOM in >Jal!li* V.i« 
use of aU facultlee. ££Bpw. 01451 
9800. Cv'CS Z89 4891 . 

KENSINGTON. WS. Smart flat O/R. 2 
mini Tube. 4 70 pw eW. Ring 262 
6077 ocm 2232. 

MAI DA VALE. Prop! p/toWWllg 
flaL £50 BW e*d 2 mins Tube. Tel 

935 0043 after 6 pm. 

EAST DULWICH ruotn In large house 
dose to GO' and W"« End. £225 ocm 


2 FEMALE Lloyds Braker*. seek o/r'a 
In Shared rw* flaL N6. N8. MO etc. 
348 8446 alto Bpm. 

N1Z. Prof M. F. N/S. tor roo m i m 
snareg flat. Around £91 pern. Tel. 
261 7064 alto loam. 

ARCHWAY. Quiet »rof l>er*on to mhare 
snadousch house, o/r. Cisopcm Inc. 
4040848 ext 210. 

lo share e.h. hse nr sin. EaOpw. oi- 

5407916 ev-e*. 

BRIGHT comfortable double bedroom 
OaL Ealing Broadway W6. £1 IB pw. 
679 4703. 

F1ND-A- FLAT mat sharing agengrl. 
Accommodation most areas. 36 Kings 
Rd. 9W5 584 8012. 

BELSIZE PARK. NW3. F. n v share 
cleoant aarden flaL dose tubrt. o/r + 

elegant garden flaL dose tubes, o/r + 
balhrm. £60 pw exd. 722 7439 
FULHAM Prof M. prod 20-20. n/s to 
sh rm in lat ely mxd,hsc. -E4B p.w. 

736 6300 (after 3 p.m >. 

PUTNEY 3rd person F. 20's n,'». o/r 
im (lai. £*7 p.w. end. Day. 499 
5308. eve. 785 7S32. 

O.'R £140 p.c.m. Ud. 640 0783 

FULHAM, own roam In super* house. 
ESOnw.Tet after 6pm. 01-731 5216. 

S.W. 18. O/r in shr. hs»__AJl tecs. £35 
p.w. Prof. per*. 23-k. 677 5713. 

8T JOHN'S WOOD. Sherlock flnt 
£65 p.w. 289 6853 



An Immaculate nerrfy modemiawi ?nd 
interur oesHRsd 2 tearoom ftt ben- 
Qfong Irom pate oarten, sitting 
room, dmoig room, now hdly fate 

kitchen and bathroom, cioataoom, 

£295 pw. 

01-486 5991 


Luxurious fully serviced xtf co num ol 
1 bedroom Ool Fully Sued. Jua con. 

e .fv redeconuat Small ptrvair or- 
Colour T.V. Daily Mad Service, 
Lineo, CH, Lfghu, Houracreic. 

Suitable forprafianofui male £lSQpa. 
Available do* for 3 io 12 mamhi. 
Tekphooe anytune (private number} 

CHELSEA. Interior 4esnnnl 
maisonenc strikingly dec rcccn/dinar 
wllh TV/ video - W-n. if Kliypfcrsf rm, 
all machines. 3 beds. 2 baihs. shim- 
rm, s» bain. £480 pw. Cboies 828 

and chooee from 1-e «ta£ apis, central 

required tor pconeny manager* in 
Kensington. Ability lo assume re. 
speosunllty essential, manual and 
cctnputo systems, tea: salary. Ol- 

London. mimnilabe«’4dv«nce reser- 
vaOons. - Tat 936 2*1 2. 


KNIGHTSBRIDGE. Charming interior 
des i gned 2 bed Hal overlooking park. 

exchange Portuguese, overseas and 
European stamps for Enoltah and 
Channel tatands. Cesar Pom bo. Rua 
Cartas. Lua 8-60. Paco d Arocov 

mis sum warned. The Fosse Canery. 
The Square. Stow -CD-lho-Wold . 
Ooucesiarsnire. Tel: Colswdds 0461 

MINTON JJUUHHERE In pe rfect con- 
dition. art nouveau £700. Tet Ol - 
472 0728. 

d esi gned 2 bed dal overlooking Perk, 
l reew. 1 bath, kit all.inacjimn. Co 
tow let. £360 p.w. Goddard & Smith 

modern 3 bedroom flat Por ter age . 

parking, central heating efc. easy and 
quick access West EmT and rtesnnt 
strof>_ lo Kings Rd Chetoaa. 
FurrCshcd / port « imfcBidahed. 
£295£260pw. TO 01-223 521 1- 
WB. Beautuuuy prMemed .cortege. 
Furnished to high standard. 2 
bedims, thru receo. tee ML R iper 
balhrm. gdn. Close Tiroe. taog lo. 
£174 pw. Lavinia Whne Tel: 381 



W1 -7Th Soar large lax studio anrood 

cons, dose u> tube. £120 p.w. Co Id 
only 224 7355 <T1. 

(lots * houses, sh ort/ long Kte. 
OemanBuild 340 8273. 

FULHAM, SW6. Spacious 1 bed 
garden OaL long cn. Jet £110 p.w. 
Buchanans 361 7767. 

QUIET mews house. ChMsea SW3. 

MAKJA VALE luxury iUrnhtwd flat 

for Co let. 2 beds. 2 bam. dtobja. 

lounge. OVCTlooka park. £2SQ pw. 
Cafl owner on 04024 45328. 

BEHR & 8UTCHQFF for luxury 

suitable abide oerson. Available now. 
£2SO pw. ZU-84M. 

CLOSE TO CITY. GS. 3 bad Me. nitty 

properties in St Johns Wood. Regent* 
Park. Mahu Vale. Swiss Cottage ft 
Hampstead. 01-5867561. 

MAJDA VALE {Sutherland Am 
Seven new modern furnished Hals 
for letUnq to one or more companies. 
£1 15-£186pw. Tet 402 6724. 

KNIGHTSBRIDGE. 1st & 2nd floor 
maboneae. 2 dble bads, recep. kB ft 
bath. £300 p.w. AEcn Bates a Co. 
499 1665. 

QUEENSGATE Large 1 bed Jolt wUh 

fnm ft iwwta mod CH.w/m.l» 9dn- 
Avail now. £150 pw. 254 81 19. 

CLAPHAM. Prew 2 bed malmwBi. 
suit 3 sharers wtui co let al £40pw 
each. Buchanans, Ml 7767. 

ohone. qdn. handy tube. £90 nw 

the largest genuine selection of new 

and restored pianos in Sou than Ena- 
land. Free catatonic. SOa Hlghgate 
Rd. NWS, 01-267 7671. 

reconditioned. Quality al reasonable 
orto-i. 326 Brighten Road. S. 

office 362 8111 or North of the Park. 
Regent's park office 722 6135. 

MOUNT ST. MAYFAIR. 2 bed unrurn 
flats. lux Mock to 1ft to 
embajay/oompimy. £12,000- 

£15.000 PA sad. Me Cameron. 629 

WB DON'T HAVE 1 0Ote of properties. 

SSEZ&aSi 1 

PARK WEST, W2. Selection ftf 

balcony 1st floor CH. lift, porter 
Co.'hoUctey to- JE165 p.w. Ind Dl- 

Drm* 326 BINiten Road. S. 
Croydon. 01-688 3613. 

PIANO Eavestaff Mini -Royal". Art 
Deco c hrome light fittings, matching 
stool. £800 ono. 693 271 1 . 

a tolr number of very good ones. 
Rente range from £l60 W». lo 
£3.600 p-w. Please call Mr Connolly 
on 431 1641 (TL 


ISLINGTON. N1. Charming Geoiman 
cottage tn quiet cul-de-sac DMe 
wed equipped kitchen. Delhi -m. 

yrs. £160 pw. 309 21 23. 

racing don. 2 beds. to. 
ocas, mod balhrm. dble r 


CONSULTING ROOM lift 61n x 9ft 
61n ovalooUng garden ai-nUabte in 
cheerful professional building 1 
minute South Kensington tuba 
Communal watting room. Appoint- 
ment made £30 per half day. Re- 
ductions If seve r al melons required. 
Tab 01-581 8393. 

appliances, mod balhrm. ttote roc. 
Rewro him. E175ow. 493 9941 even 
870 4703 fT). 

HOLLAND PARK, weB furnished low 
buill bouse with garage and garden. 6 
bed ro oms. 2 reeeps. to ft S bouts. 
CHcQfW. Co ML £850 pw. King 
Wood. 7306191. 

SOUTH BUCKS. Nr M25. Ml. M40. 1 
mL met Una. S/C country house flat, 
anfurn. 2 recaps. 3 Dedrras. Ftt ft 
both. Coe. kept odn. £366 pan. 



CONSULTING ROOM lift 6ln * 9ft 
61n overlooking aarden available in 
cheerful profess) orkU buUdlng. 1 
minute South Kensington tube. 
Communal waulnq room. 
Appointment* made. £30 per heff 
day. Reduction* If several s e sslnns 
required. Tel 01-681 8393. 

6 bed family house with gge and gdn. 
Lon^co^ let £426 p.w. Buchanans 

PUTNEY - Delightful 2 dble bed 
Georgian cottage wUh garden. Avail 
now tong let £176 p.w. Buchanans 
351 7767. 



US CORPORATION seeks furnished 
properties m Cent ft SW London 
areas. £180£800pw. Cobban ft 
Gasetee {Estate Afltsi. 01-6890481. 
385 4600, 355 4000, 3S5 4000. The- 


the best rental properties m Contrail 
SW London £150gw / CBOOOpw. (T> 
RENTING OR LETTlNa a flat or house 
In central SW. SE London from 


£10,000 FOR HigiT PERSON taw 
firm of Weal 

an d 

ACCOUNTANCY ■ HoldOnt Umlted 
{Both companies tn Crodliorv Yotun- 

lets. HLT Letting Agents 627 0171 . 


cui i cutty seeking good quality rental 
accocn tn central London fbr wafting 


RECEPTIONIST £ 9000 . rough r H>» 

lor Inge. 3 bedims. 2 bathrtas. fully 
fitted diner /kff me cJi. + cJi.vr. own 
gdn. £235 p.w. 634 3816/2013 CTT 

tary LiguldjiiarO 

GIVEN pursuant 

to Section 594 of the Qa mpanie B Act 
1986. that a CENTRAL MEETING of 
the members of Ihe above named 
companies win be beid at Binder 
Haftdyn. 8 St Bride Street. London 
EC4A ADA. on Wednesday 6 February 
19B6 al 10-30 to the for eno on, to be 
foil owed 1! 1 1.00 am by a GENERAL 
MEETING of the CREDITORS (or me 
purpose of receiving an account of Ihe 
Liquidator's acts and dealings and or 
the conduct of Utc wmding-oo of Die 
above named companies. Proxies an lo 
be lodged af 8 St Bride Street London 
ECOA 4 da by 4.30 gm on Tuesday 4 
February 1986. 

I -J Dated 01,5 T<nm dsy January 



HENRY ft JAMES Contact u* no w on 
235 8861 for the best satedtan of 
furnished oats and houses to rent tn 
Kntghtsbndge. Belgravia. Chetssa. 
AMSRICAN BANK urgently requires a 

selection of 1-4 bedroom p ro per a estn 

Bel g ra via. Cbetsca. Kntqhtebrtdga. 

£200- £6oo pw. Burgees, sat 5i36. 

Excellent 1 dble bedrro flaL brand 
new (urnlture. £l46pw (0293i 
27866 x 459. 

RUCK ft RUCK. 581 1741. Quality 
Turn ft uni um pr op s, t i c* in prime 

central areas urgently required ft 
»vaH. C17B-£i200pw. 



AD. 1985 
Slid NO: 21 of 1985 
Between: Jeanette Roseiida Mart 

Frank [yn Luther Hart 


agamsl the undermentioned. 

Franktyn Luther Hart ol as Whitehall 
Pam Road. Chiswick, no London. 

_ Who may apply to me Divorce 
Registry. High Court of Justice. High 
StrrvL 9i. John's. Antigua, for a copy 
ef the Petition. If wrthin one month he 
has not camm unlnlaa with the 

not communicated with the 
ter. the Cowl mav near the case 
abse n ce. 


AG Registrar 


London from £300 pw Ring Town 
House- AM 01-5733*53. 

Kensington. Col TV. 24 hr iwm. 

telax. OKBngnain APtL 3736306. 

smart 2 .bed * -c sum neat to Park. 
Mftldnxl 373 6300 IT), 



smart Z bed * c apt. neat to Park. 
Mftldnxl 373 6300 IT), 


WANTED; HMsncal share ortce data 
on computo fDe Tel Richard 103004) 
3S3 r- ening* 





cuaron. US lawyer. 17 Butstrodc 
Street- Lfiftdon Wi. 01-486 0813. 

U.s. Nan. BSCE. 25 yrs Bxpsri- 
«nce. Seeks fimfAjyment or 

contract arrangement with U.K. 
based A/E or CSonjrtriictor. Jnter- 
natJonal exper. Al phasas of 
MENT. MuItJ-Prcfact «minte- 
Vailon and supervision for hsaw 

conatructfan gnd buffings (o 
roads, ports. alrtWds; Conwn! 
Indus, ifsm. Bldgs inci. shettsti 
Heavy travel acceptable. WB 
arrange mtarvtews In U.K. far 
serious inquirias. Reply Box 
1512 R. ThaTBTWs. ^ 


A small IfiarmiY i 
with beautiful Ma 

one uj gri 
a simply 

switchboard, do 

wme 40 worn iyphg ml take care 
ol a number of jdrntn tasks. Ths 
>5 i splendid opportunity to gain a 
grourtimq «tto i brigfa go-ahead 
firm. Salary £6.5*-Er!oM + 
GtcaHent benefits. 

of Bond St. 


Hi 55. (««d tartsFmridcJ 

in-129 12M 



For Westminster PsrianMntaro 
Aflsnto. Confident, presentable 
person needed. Good salary 
ragoBaWe + other henafitaL^ 
^ PlweeWephone 
Tony Robe r t8 on22Z0«1 

ii ■_ i m i . wi i j 

- r .- M 

'i i n ' ■■ n 

1- . ■ vTT-: . 

IWT myiEW lIl, 19-as, roquind by 

j5B-BL-9jeafe.Sa £200 tan. 


£200 tort. 



and radio programmes 

CJQ CMta AM. ftara hMdftjas, 
ivaamw. trawri and Sport* ' 
l Duflattta. . . 

. BSD Bmkfimt Tima with Mika . . 

1 Smith and Safina Soot • 

| Weather at SJS8, 725,7*5, 

&25*nd 825; regional news, 
weather and traffic at 6.S7, . 

727 r 1S? and tL27;natkwial 
add Wamattorttonaws at 720. 
720, 8.00, 620 and 9.00; sport 
at 7.20 and 820; a review of : 
the mornings newspapers at 
MJ3X Plus, Zorn Brown's-. 

'L tsfftega report; a recipe from . 

P Qlynn Christian; and Rtatwd 

Smith's 'phone-in metflcai - 
«Mce. ■ 

920 Cute 1020 Ptay School, 

presented by azabeth Watts, 

*}&&**' Ben Thomas 1020 

C ffj fe u.-.. 

12.30 NqKte After Hood with Richard. 
VWAmore and Moira Stuart, 
hdudas news headlines with 
suMffles.lZSSRegtona) ! 
news. The weather detafls 
coma from Michael Fish. 

1.00 PeMjteMffl at One presented 
by Magnus Magnusson. 

Marion Foster andFaul Cota.- 
JB Crawshaw continued her 
. saries on holidays in Britain 

with news about traditional 
? famfiy sea-side vacations in 
Cornwall. 125 Hokay Cokey. 

A See-Saw programme for the 
i very young.200CeeCax. 322 
Regional news. .- . 

( 325 T X*. Tea-time television for 
chfidran. 4.1DSupaiTed 
receives a rattlesnake. 4.15 
Jacfcanory. Tom Baker reads 
part tew of Ted Hughes's Tlu# 

I- iron Man 420LHys»as31. - 
Animated science fiction 
. series. . 

J' 425 John Craven's NevrerountL 

525 Blue Peter. Shnon Groom 

joins the craftsman piecing 

; -V together the 40,000 fragments 

: ,-vrJ of York Minster's rose 

window, shattered by the fire 
of July 1984. (Ceefax). 

. 535 First Class. A video qidz for 

j schools, presented by Debbie 

I 5.00 News with Sue Lawiey and 
„| ’ Andrew Harvey. Weather. 

1 635 London Ptu*. 

[ l 720 Top' of flw Papa presented by 
Mike Smith and Paul Jordan. 
730 EastEndeis. Sue and All have 
awkward customers at the 
cafe; and Angle's selection 
problems for the tadies' darts 
team are solved by an unBcely 
source- (Ceefax). 

6.00 Tomorrow's Worid Th Is 
week's Ingenious 
i developments include an 
: J electronic ‘St Bernard' - an 
. * alaim attached to a ski-boot 
that sands out a distress 
signal when required, and a 
special coating that keeps 
glass dkt and bug-free which 
is toba used In operating 


; 130 A Question of Sport. Bill 

Beaumont and Emfyn Hughes 
■re Joined by Richard SBson, 

- Frank McAvsnnie, Virginia 
4 Holgate. and Saturday's 
. England rugby union hero, 

Rob Andrew. (Ceefax). 

' 9.00 Maws with Jufia.Somer^Ue' - 
and John Humplwys. Waaflwr. 

* 930 Blackaddar IL Sir Waiter 
RaWghretams in triumph 
from thenew world laden with 
gifts for hte queen. Edmund 
. w !*i Blackedderisnot so 
^ Impressed and vows to outdo 

Sir Witter by s*$ng round the 
Cape of Good Hope fri honour 
of the yoieig and good Queen 

. ... 10.00 Question Time. Sir Robin 
V Day’s pan*! consists of 

m Jonathon Porrtt. Anna Solar, 

<- end MPsfficholas Ridley and 
,C Gerald Kaufman. 

J 11*00 Great Experiments. In the, 
w* third of MS six-part series ~ 

ProfesBbrHeinz Wbfff tens the 
r- story of how* young man. In 

lT .' 1 856, mode a purple dye by 

accident This fortuitous 
discovery was the first step In 
the conquest of bacterial 
« infections (0- 

/ 11*25 Maaefro. A portrait of ’Fiery' 
Fred Trueman (rj. 

1125 Weather. 


B.15. Good Morning Britain, -. , " • . 

. presented by Anrie Diamond 
andtflbk Owen. News with 
Gordon Honeycomb* at 6.17, 
630, 720,730, 820, 820 and 
920; exercises at 630 and 
■6.17; sport at 535 and 734; 
regional report at 7115; 
cartoon at 734; pop video at 
T-55; Moya Dohery's reunions 
at 825; Hugh'JoBy t a H ts about 
the resfflence of the babies 
who survived the Mexican - 
' earthquake at 924; comments 
from OakaRayner at 9.12.- - 


935 Thantea news.headUnes. 

• 938 For Schools; .Making a \* . 

- schooT stefevfskxi programme. 
842 Learning to read with Bffl 
Odle 924 Regular exerdse 
and health 10.11 Part one ofa 
series about He In nmd Ireland 

- 1038Theunforeeenre8tdtsof 
the mistrust between a racist 
taacher and a West Indian . 

■ student 1 123 A day in the Wfl 
of a chBd with poor sight 1130 
‘ How the design of acar tan 
lessen juries In a crash 1137 
TheyevoftheArmisfica. ‘ 

12.00 The Giddy Game Show, with 
Bernard Bressfaw, BQ Fraser 
and Redvers Kyle 1220 
Pudrtic Lame. Puppet series L 

‘ • for pre-school children (rf ' 
1230 The SuSvana. 120 

- News atOne with Leonard - 
; Partin. 1.20 Thames News. 
130 Falcon (heat; Drama 
serial. 235 Home Cookery 


230 Daytime. Sharaft Kennedy 
chairs a studio discussion on a 
fopicai subject 3.00 Gams. - 

Drama serial satin the Covent 
. Garden workshops of a 
fashion design company 335 
Thames news headines 330 
Sons and Daughters. 

4.00 The Giddy Gome Show. A 
repeat of the programme 
shown at noon 4.10The 
Telebugs. Cartoon series 4.15 
RegdoOy Anna. 

435 Beltaiiiy’a Bugle. David 
Bellamy continues hrs series 
on flora's and fauna’s fight for 
survival 4.40 Danger - 
Marmalade at Work (r) 

’ (Oracle) 520 Alias the Jester. 
5.15 Thames Sport Previews of 
England's cricket tour of the 

- West Indies from Ian Botham; 
and of Saturday's aup match 

. between Chelsea and 
Liverpool - 

5.45 News with Martyn Lewis 6.00 
Thames News. 

635 Help! Viv Taylor Gee with 
details of the work of the 
Psychiatric Rehabilitation 

635 Crossroads. 

7.00 Emmefdale Famt. Harry 
Mowiem oversteps the mark in 
his vendetta wth. Epnmerdaie. 

730 Knight Rider. Michael Knight . 

. .and his indestructible car 
battle to says adeadly 
bacteria from leaving the 
country. " 

830 Mfoden. Get DaJeyf 'Arthur 
enters a private hosprtel for an 
opera ti on on an I ngrow in g 

- tosnaH- only to (tiscover that 

hi insurance does no cover 
that type of operation (r) 

930 TV Eye: Pop Into Pofitics. 
DenisTuohy reports on the. 
tour, beginning tomorrow, of 
pop group Red Wedge, who 
are hoping to persuade their 
audience to vote Labour, at the 
next election. Should pop 
music to used as political 
progag anda? 

10.00 News at Ten with Sandy Gad 
and Pamela Armstrong. 
Weather, followed by Thames 
naws heafiftnes.- 

1030 A Sense of the PasL Gavin 
Stamp guides viewers round 
the buildings of- the Thirties. • 

11.00 Kojak. A boy’s father goes 
missing and the detective 
discovers a fink between him 
and the thaft of $15 nation. 

12.00 That's Hollywood. The 
comediennes. . 

12.25 Night Thoughts. 


Kate: Stop the Wedding! 
BBC 2, 930pm 

neither are th^e prostitutes, pimps.. 
ctvb crawlers and Asian-bashing 
thugs who think there is one law tor 
them and a different law for others. 
David Henshaw*s report is about 
do-it-yourself crime fighters, citizen 
vigRante group* who have taken to 
patroOIng the streets because they 
no longer have faith in the pofice 
and think they can do a better job 
themselves. On the evidence 
supplied by Mr Hen Shaw and hte 
cameras that can take pictures in 
the dark, these unofficial law 
enforcers in cities Bke London and 
Birmingham are making their mark, 
it would be going too far to ciaiim 
that they have gat the practianere of 
vice and violence on the nm. but the 
Brass Tacks cameras record 
instances where the tide is modestly 
beginning to turn against them. On 


grounds of legality and danger to Pfe 
and limb, the poBce deplore the 
activities of these neighbourhood 
watchers. They, and everybody 
affected by such unorthodox 
community action (everybody, 
presumably, except those who 
provoke IQ will get a chance to 
debate the issue in next week’s 
edition of Brass Tacks. 

930pm) has unearthed four modem 
and real-Bfe parallels with Jane 
Eyre's abortive attempt to become 
wmat she fondly imagines wifl be the 
first Mrs Rochester. Substitute 
register offfoe far altar rails and one 
of tile four sad tales in Jonathan 
Gill's documentary is practically a 
re-run of the eleventh-hour Bronte 
trauma, except that In this case the 
problem is not the groom's marital 

eligibility but the bride-to-be's 
gender. Attempted bigamy is not, 
however, excluded from tr» fDm. 
Nor are possessive mothers 
bearing white Jaguars, or 
prospective brides with obsessive 
rather complexes. In a black mood, 
Fate can throw its banana skin with 
deadly accuracy in the path of 
Dfi8SfuJ1y unaware nupitials. 

• The concluding play in Andrew 
Rissik's trilogy A MAN ALONE 

3.00pm) has Its anti-hero 
Tremayne dragging himself 

through the ruins of Sib Bfe that he 
nas brought crashing down on his 
own head. It Is an unrelisvedfy 
jrojwnchoiy conclusion, totaSy 
faithful to what has gone before. I 
must especially congratulate Mr 
HissiK on the rare poetic feel he 
Dnngs to Tremayne's dosing 
soliloquy, beautifully spoken by 

R °^^P eter DavaUe 

-920 Ceefax. 

936 Daytime on Twos Maths: can 
■ figures lie? 928 Afl about - 
bridges 10.15 Science: 
dissolving 1038 Sdence: fire, 
: v . ' . earth, metals 1120 How a . 

. map helps to avoid 
mountainous hazards 11 32 A 
12-year old talks about life in a 

- wheelchair, and a British- bom 
Sikh girt weighs ihe pros and - 
cons of IMng in two cultures 
1125 A student's view of 
undergraduate Bfe. 

12.05 LssaoolS of an Itaian 

conversation course. 1230 
Part three of the tourist's 
German course 1225 David 
Bellamy presents the second 
In his steles on America's 
natural history (Ceefax) 130 
haBan fruits of the land 1 38 A 
visit to Nlnswelta Hospital, 
Dundee 220 For four and five- 
year olds 2.15 Musks tune 
shapes 220 Mao's 42 year 

3.00 Ceefax. 

535 News summary with sttotities. 

530 Red Herrings: Another 
. Country. From the depths of a 
disused London rock dub, two 
squatters' group, Critical Mass 
and the Black Sheep 
Collective, destetoB what K is 
like to Eve rough -a situation 
they befieve- has been brought 

- about by the new DHSS 
regulations designed to cut the 
number of people Bvkig in bed 
and breakfast hotels. 

620 Star Trek. Captain Kkk'and hte 
•. crew are sent to the planet 
Ekos In search of a missing 
historian (r). 

620 Discovering Animals. Tcny 

- Soper investigates the world 
of the otter. 

7.15 Far From Paradise. John 

Seymour reports on his round- 
the-world investigation Into the' 

- -18th century's Rev Thomas 
Malthus's theory that 

; 'population has a tendency to 
. Increase beyond the means of 
. subsistence’ 

8.10 Wild Flower. Michael Jordan 
examines the fact and fiction 
surrounding thepoppy. 

: 830 Brass Tacks. David Henshaw 
... .... talks to two people -oneJrom 
Birmingham, the other from 

- London -who, up until now, 
put their faith in the local police 
force. But the increase in 
crime on thek doorstep has 
led them to take the law into 
their own hands, (see Choice) 

9.00 Yes; Prime nGntetor. Jim 
Hacker Is rec8ptfye to the idea 
of Ms health minister when he 
proposes a prohibitive tax on 
tobacco. Sir Humphrey te 
more concerned about the 
loss of four billion pounds of 
revenue (Ceefax). 

9.30 40 Mnutes: Stop the 

Wedtengi Four women talk - 
about titter proposed wedding 
- c eremo ni es that <fld not take 
place! (see Choice) 

10.10 Pot Black 86. Steve Davis 
plays BIB WarbenUc. 

1035 Newsnf^it The latest national 
and International news 

- presetted by John Tusa, Peter 
, Snow, Donald MacCormlck 

and Ofivia O'Leary. . 

1130 Weather. 


235 Ften: Beau James (1957) 
starring Bob Hope and Vera 
. Min. Alfim biography of the 
mld-Twentias mayor of New 

- York, Jimmy Waiter, whose 
love fora showgirl brought 
about his downfall. Directed by 
MelviBe Shavelson. 

4.30 Countdown. Another round of 
the anagrams and mental 
arithmetic competition. The 
' questionmaster is Richard 

520 FBnc Another Shore’ (1948) 
starring Robert Beatty. Moira 
Lister and Stanley Haloway. 
Comedy about a Dubfin 
. Custom’s officer who resigns 
his Job in order to raise money 
to finance a Ufa In the South 
Seas. His plan is to wait 
outakta tiie Bank of Ireland 
offices, a notorious accident 

- black spot In order to assist 
any wealthy customer of the 
Bank's Involved in a mishap. 
Directed by Charles Crichton. 

530 From the Inside - the Unions. 
Part three of the series on the 
trade rations at grassroots 
level examines the process of 
pay negotiations, atustrated by 
ta&s between 14 union 
representatives and seven 
from the management of Veux 
. Breweries, mer a period of 
two days. 

7.00 Channel Fora News with 
Alaeteir Stewart and Nicholas 

720 Comment from Agnieska 
Kotakowska, a translator, 
writer and.PoGsh affairs 
expert Weather. 

8.00 Opinions: Misrule Britannia. 

Journalist Duncan Campbefi 
argues that computer data ' 
banks- will threaten traditional 
British liberties, and suggests 

ways in which this threat may 

.be countered.- 

830 Treasure Hunt Daphne 
- Jeffery and Margery Jeffries 
from Devon send Annaka Rice 
. skknming over the beautiful 
Lake District countryside 
• searching for hidden treasure. 
Presented by Kenneth KendalL 

930 Film on Four -Take 2; 10 

Fares the Land (1 982) starring 
Fulton Mackay, David 
Hayman, Morag Hood and 
Robert Stephens. The story of 
the 38 inhabitants of St Kfida's 
last two years on thek Island 
before they moved to mainland 
Scotland at their own request. 
Directed by BID Brydert 
1.130 Starting Out Prejudice. The 
-third film drama in the series of 
eight sat in an inner city youth 
club. A radafist teacher puts 
political and personal pressure 
on a West Indian pupB who . 
haa to make up hfs own mind 
as to how to respond. First 
shown on Schools this 

12.00 My Brother’s Keeper. The 

work of Kaleidoscope, a hostel 
arid dub for young people with 
disturbed backgrounds run by 
a Baptist minister, Eric 
Blakeborough. K is also the 
only official drug dependency 
unit that is not within a hospital 
(previously shown in the 
Thames Television areal Ends 
at 1235. 

Radio 4 

Oolong wave, t also VHF stereo. 

525 Shipping. 620 News Briefing. 

€.10 Fanning. 825 Prayer. 

630 Today, kid 630, 730, 830 News. 
625 Business News. 625, 725 
Weather. 720, 820 News. 725, 
>25 8port. 725 Thought for the 
Day. 835 Yesterday in 
ParfiamenL 827 Weather; Travel. ' 
9.00 News. 

925 That Nat Hst Show. Fergus 

Keefing and Lionel KMamqr meet 
wtUTife people. 

9.35 InRuencss. Bernard Rutherford 
tafia to two people with 
something in common: Chief 
Rabbi Sir Immanuel Jokobovits, 
and former Archbishop of York. 
Lord Blanch (rt. 

1020 News: Mecfiane Now with Geoff 

Inf. - 1 aj. 


1030 Morning Story: Dirty Money. 

Written and read by Harry Towb. 
1025 An Actof Worshlpf 
1120 News; Travel; An&fyBie: The Pace 
of Change (new series) Mary 
Goidrkig presents the first of lour 
programmes about British 

Industry (r). 

11.48 Tradesman's Entrance. Phfl 
Smith offers an insight into the 
pains and (precious fBw) 
pleasures mvoivad in setting up 

K own business. 
K You and Your 

1220 News; You and Yours. Consumer 
advice, with John Howard. 

1237 Transatlantic Quiz. Irene Thomas 
and John Julius Norwich 
chafienge the American team of 
writers Sharia Alexander and 
Brendan Gifi (rt. 1225 Weather. 

1.00 . The Worid at One: News. 

1.40 The Archers. 125 Shipping. 

2. DO News: Woman's Hour, includes a 
tribute to the contralto Dame 
Clara Butt who (tied half a 
century ago. Plua the sixth 
instalment of The Reason Why. 
read by Robert Powefi. 

320 'The Afternoon Play: A Man 
Alone. The third play at Andrew 
Rissik's drama sequence is 
called Harriet Starring Ronald 
Pickup, Brenda Btethyn and Jane 
Leonard (as Harriet). 

435 Kaleidoscope- A repeat of last 
night's erftion. (r) 

5.00 PM: News magazine 520 
Shipping 525 Weather. 

6.00 News; Financial Report 

6*60 My Word! Panel game with Dllys 
PoweB and Frank Muir 
ctaitenainfl Antonia Fraster *nd 

7.00 News. 

725 The Archers. 

730 Any Questions? A chance far 
fistaners to air their views on 
some of the subjects raised in 
last week’s Any Questions? 

7.40 The Beautiful and the Damned A 

Ed Bishop as Fitzgerald and 
Sarah Kefier as ZeidB(ri. 

8.15 Pfilars of Society (new series) 
Hugo Young examines the Bar, 
pillar of the legal system, in the 
first of six programmes about 

feacfina institutions, 

920 Doeshe take Sugar? presented 
by John Mils. 

930 John Ebdon links recordings from 
the BBC Sound Archives. 

925 Kaleidoscope. IndudeB comment 
on the Scottish Opera production 
of It trovatore; and The Light 
Rough at the Hampstead. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: Wind. Sand 
and Stars by Antoine de Saint* 
ex^ read by John Bennett 

1030 The World TonighL 

11.15 The Financial World Tonight 

1120 Today in Parliament 

12.00 News; Weather 1233 Shipping. 

VHF (available In England and S 
Wales only) as above except 
5.55-6.00am Weather; 

T ravel. 325-1 025 For Schools. 
9.05 Noticeboard 9.10 First steps 
in Drama 10.10 Playtime 1035 
Country Dancing Stage 1 11.00- 
12.00 For Schools: 1120 
Noticeboard 1125 In tne News 
1120 Wavelength IT .55- 3. 00pm 
For Schools: 125 Listening 
Comer 225 The 

long Tree 1230 
220 Newscast 

Living Language 1220 Newscast 
520-535 PM( continued) 1Z30- 
1.10am Schools Night-Time 
Broadcasting: Deutsche r Club. 

Radio 3 

625 Weather. 720 News. 

7.05 Morning Concert Glinka's 

overture Ruslan and LudmHa (St 
Louis SO): Mozart's Sonata In A 
K 331 (Uchlda. piano); Haydn's 
Symphony No 51 (Phi [harm on ia 
Hungaricat 820 News. 

825 Morning Concert (cored): 

Schumann's overture Hermann 

and Dorothea (PhNhannoniaH 

Debussy's Sonata in □ minor 
(Gendron, colkr. Francelx, ptanok 
Schubert's Symphony No 2 
(Academy of St Martin-fn-the- 
FieMslt 920 News. 

925 This Week's Composer 
Chabrier. Joyeuse Marche 
(Barhlzet and Hubeau, pianos); 
Chanson pour Jeanne (Souzay. 
baritone); Act 1 of Le Roi molgr6 
lul, with sototets Jeftes, Latont, 
Handricfcs. QuBco and 
Gareisanz/New Phflharmonte 
Orchest ra of Radio Ranee); 
Souvenirs de Munich (tvakdi and 
Lee. pianos): Joyeuse marche 
(Academy of St Martin-in-the- 

1020 Bohemians Abroad: Mysftvecek’s 
SktfoniakiD.OpI No 6 (Prague 
CO): Kremmer*8 Fkjte Concerto 
in G Op 30 (Lukae-Graf, fluto).t 

1020 Scarlatti: Ian Lake (piano) plays 
nins sonatas. In G (kk 103). in D 
(Kk 15m, In B flat (Rk 360), In F 
(Kk 150). B minor (Kk tTT), in F (Kk 
482), in D (Kk 312) in C (Kk 330) 
and D minor, Kk 141.1 

11.05 BBC Welsh SO (under Brytien 
Thomson), with Ctetla Oussat 
(piano). Part one. Daniel Jones's 
Symphony No 8; Sa'mt-Swns's 
Piano Concerto No 2.t 

1125 Six Continents: foreign radio 
broadcasts, monitored by the 
BBC (r). 

12.15 Concert part two. 

Mendelssohn’s Symphony No 
3.t 120 News. 

125 Birmtogham Lunchtime Concert 
Mltsuko Shtnri (soprano) with 
Harrnut Hofl (piano). Schubert 
songs including Schllesse mlr die 
Augtei bekfe. 1900; and Seven 
Early Songs. 1905-1 909. t 

220 Mandel&aohn and Schumann 
Quartets: Lindsay String Quartet 
play Mendelssohn's in E flat Op 
12 and Schumann's in A Op 41 
No 3. 

3.00 Three Choirs Festival 1985: City 
oi Birmingham SO (unde rs Roy 
Massey and John Sanders), with 
JuAe Kenrtard (soprano), 

Margaret Cable (contralto). Neil 
Jenkins (tenor). Michael George 
(toss) and Felix Kok (violin), with 
Three Choirs Festival Chorus. 
Dvorak's Te Deum; and JuHus 
Harrison's On Bred on HID. 

Interval reading at 325. At 3.40 , 
Tippett s A Chad of our Tlme.t 
4.55 News. 

520 Mainly lor Pleasure: recorded 
music selection, presented by 
Geoffrey Norrts.t 

620 Grandstand: Leyiand Vehicles 
Band (BBC Band of the Year, 
1985). Herbert Howefls's suite 
Pageantry: Robert Lennon's 
Songs of the Aristos.t 

7.00 Chicago SO (under SoiiiJ. Part 
one. CorigBano's Tournaments 
overture Mozart's Symphony No 

720 One Pair of Ears: talk by Stephen 


725 Orchestral concert (contd): 
Tchaikovsky's Symphony No 4.t 

825 ExBes In their own Country: First 
of two documentaries presented 
by David Marquand. Professor of 
Contemporary History at Politics 
at Salford University, who 
examines the contemporary 
American political scene and 
studies the ideologies of the twe 
main parties. 

920 BBC Singers: with John Alley and 
Catherine Edwards (pianos). 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter DavaHe 

Percy Grainger's The Lads of 
Wamphray; Richard Rodney 
Bennett’s Nonsense-t 

10.00 Music bi our Time recordngs 
from Canada, the US. Sweden 
and Denmark. David Mott plays 
his own work for baritone- 
saxophone, A Little Small Talk. 
Also. Pout Ruders's Four dances 
in one mov em ent? 

10.55 Netherlands Radio Chamber 
Orchestra (under Ernest Bour), 
with Robert Hofl (toss). 
Shostakovich’s Suite on poems 
of Michelangelo Buonarrotb; and 
Rsvueima's mmanale a Federico 
Garcia Lorca. t 

1127 News. 12JW Closedown. 

Radio 2 

News on the hour. Headlines 520 sm, 
620, 720, 820. Sports 1.05 pm, 222, 
322, 422. 5.05, 622, 625 (MF) only. 

Food m f or ma tlun from Tony De Angsfi.t 
125pm David Jacobs .f 2. DO Gloria 
Hunrtiford.t 320 Music All Tha Way .1 

4.00 David Hamilton .t 820 John Dunn.t 
820WaDy Whyton introduces Country 
Club (featuring Reba McEnttre and 
Oakruga Boys). 925 Sports Desk. 

10.00 Ken Dodd's Palace of Laughter 
(new series). 1020 Star Sound Extra 
(includes George Bums tribute). 1120 
Brian Matthew presents Round Midnight 
(stereo from midnight). 120am Charles 
Nove presents Nkjfttnda.t 320-4.00 A 
Little Night Music.t 

Radio 1 

News on the half hour from 620 em until 
920 pm and at 12 midnight. 

6.00am Adrian John. 720 M&e Read 
920 Simon Bates. 1220pm Newsbeai 
(Janet Trewin). 12.45 Gaiy Davies: 3.00 
Steve WrlghL 6.30 News beat (Janet 
Trewin). 5.45 Bruno Brookes. 720 
Janice Long. 1020-12.00 Andy 
Kershaw. t VHF rsetios 1 & 2. 4.00 am As 
Radio 2. 10.00 pm As Radio 1. 1220- 
4.00 am As Radio 2. 


B20 Newsdeck. 7JJ0 Ne>vs. 729 Twenty-Four 
Hons. 720 Sing GospeL 7.45 Netwwk UK. 
a 00 Nam. 829 Reflections. 8. IS Country 
Style. B20 John PaaL 9-00 News. 929 Revle-A 
oi the Brtttsh Press. >15 The World Today. 
920 Financial News. 920 Look Ahead. 9.45 
Mentor. ItLOO News. 1021 Broadway Babes. 
1020 Radio Actkra. 1120 News. 1129 News 
About Britain. 11.15 New Idas. 1220 Radio 
Newsreel 12.15 Top Twenty. 1Z4S Sports 
Rounoup 120 News. 129 Twenty -Four Hours. 

120 Network UK. 1.45 Short Takes. 2. DO 
News. 245 Juke Box Jury. 3.00 Redo 
NewsreeL 3.15 The Pleasure's Yours. 420 
News 429 Comma nary 4.15 Assignment. 
US The Wort d Today. 520 News. 5.03 a 
L etter From England. 920 News. 9.09 Tr.eray- 
Four Hours. 9.15 A Joty Good Zhtxi. 10.00 
News. 1029 The World Today 1025 A Letter 
From England. 1020 Financial News. 10.40 
Reflections. 1025 Sports Roundup. 1120 
News. 1120 Commentary. 11.15 Mercnent 
Mavy Programme 1120 Nature Notebook. 
1220 News. 1229 News About Britain. 12.15 
Rado Newsreel. 1220 Music Now. 120 News. 

121 Outlook. 120 Shon Takes. 125 Book 
Chose. 220 News. 229 Reviwr of the British 
Press. 2.15 Development 220 Taking About 
Music. 3.00 News. 3.09 News About Britain. 
3.15 The World Today. 320 Busuwss Matters. 
420 Newsdesk. 420 Couitry Style. 525 The 
World Today. 

(A9 times bi GMT] 

• Stereo W Black eno white, ir) Repeat 

3*00®™* R«fi0 1: 1053kHz/285m; 1089kHz/275m: Radio 2 : 6S3kHz/433m; 909kHz/330m; Radio 3: 1215kHz/247m: VHF -90-92.5; Radio 4: 
200kHz 1 500m: VHF -92-95; LBC 1 1 52kHz/261 mr VHF 97.3; Capitah 1548kHz/194m: VHF 95.8: BBC Radio London 1458kHz/206m: VHF 94.9; World 
Serviea MF 648kHz/463m. 

BBC1 WALES -5J8-6.00 wales 

Today. B25-7.M The Happiest 
Days? (Gareth Edwards). 11.25-1 1.55 
FBm 88. 1135-12^5 am Maestro. (Fred 
Trueman). 1&25-1230 Nows and 
waattwr. SCOTLAND. 10^0 am- 10 20 
.Dotaman. 625 am-7JW Reporting 
Scotland. 820-B20 Cause tor Concern. 
Today's Sport 5^0-6.00 Inside Iflster. 
6.35-720 First Class. 820-9.00 Zoo 
2000. 1125-12.00 News and weather. 
ENGLAND. 12.00-1220 pm A 
Whacker's World. 825 pm-7.00 
Regtonaf news maazine. 



CENTRAL As London except 
^ - 1220 pm-1 20 Contact 

120 News. 120-220 Man in s Sdicase. 
5.15-5.45 Blockbusters. 6.00 
Crossroads. 625-726 News. 7.30-820 
Falcon Crest £020 Central Lobby. 
11.05 Sense of the Past 1125 Baretta. 
12.35am Closedown; 

TVS As London except 120 pm-120 
~ HcJne Cookery. 125-220 Falcon 

can Starts: 120 pm Countdown. 

Ffalatoiam. Z35 Hyn o Fyd. 225 
Interval. 3-10 Take Six Cooka. 3.40 Ten 
Million. 420 4 What it's Worth. 4.50 
Hanner Awr Fwy. 520 As Good as New. 
6. DO Brooks id*. 620 Space on Earth. 
720 Newyddion Salth. 720 Elinor ac 
ErsH. 820 Dinas. 920 Y Cledwr. 9.30 
Hffl Street Blues. 1025 FUnr Damon. 
Drama about the French Revolution. 
1220 am Closedown. 

SCOTTISH AsLondon except: 

120pm News. 120 

Botlyfina. 125-220 FUptidfl. 320-4.00 
Mr Smith. SI 5-5.45 Blockbusters. 620- 
625 News and Scotiand Today. 720 
Now You Sea It 720-820 Falcon Crest 
1020 Crime Desk. 1025 Sense of tha 
Post 1125 Late Cafl. 11.10 The 
Sweeney. IZIOam Closedown. 

my Dog. 5.15- 
O Prisoner: Cell 

5.45 Blockbusters. 1020 Prisoner 
Block H. 1120 Mysteries of Edgar 
Wallace* 1220 am Company., 

TYNF TFFS As London except 
120pm News. 120- 
220 Man in a Suitcase. 5.15-5.45 
Blockbusters. 620-625 Northern Life. 
720-620 Falcon Crest 1022 The 
Works. 11.10 Sense ot toe Past 11.40 
Together, Closedown. 

TSW As London except 120pm 

News. 120-220 Carson's Law. 

5.15 Gus Honeybun. 520-5.45 
Crossroads. 620 Today South West 

Crossroads. 620 Today South West 
620 Ern menials Farm. 720 Knight 
Rider. 8.00-8.30 Busman's HoUaay. 
10.32 The Phoenix and tha Leviathan. 
1120 Sense of the PasL 1120 Martawe 
- Private Eye. 12.30am Postscript, 

GRAMPIAN Ashton except 

120pm News. 1.30- 

220 The Baron. 5.15-5.45 Blockbusters. 
620-6.35 North Toniqht 7.00 The 
McCalmans- 720-8^0 Falcon Crest 
11.00 Barney Miner. 1220 News, 


Calendar Lunchtime Live. 120 News. 
.120-220 Carson's Law. 5.15-5.45 
Blockbusters. 620-625 Calendar. 11.00 
John Bnggs Music Show. 1120 
Hardcastie and McCormick. 1220am 

ULSTER As London except 120pm 
Lunchtene. 1.30-220 Men 
in a Suitcase. 320-420 Spice of Life. 
5.15-5.45 Blockbusters. 620 Good 
Everting Ulster. 825-6.35 Police Six. 
720-6.30 Tucker's Witch. 10.30 
Counterpoint 1120 Sense of the Past 
1120 Yefiow Rose. 1225am News. 

GRANADA £ U£ ot £ n ^ ® x rapt 

— i20pm Granada 

Reports. 120-225 Country Practice. 
320-420 Young Doctors. 5.1 5-5.45 
Blockbusters. 620 Granada Reports. 
620-625 This te Your Right 720-8.30 
Falcon Crest 1120 Hardcastie and 
McCormick. 1125 Portrait of a Legend. 
1226pm Closedown. 

HTV WFCT AsLondon except 
H TV Web l 1 ^ 0p|n News 

Country Practice. 225-2.30 Homy 
Cookery. 5.15-5.45 Blockbusters. 6.00- 
6.35 News. 720-620 Magnum. 1020 
Winter Outlook. 1025 Concorde SST: 
Fust and Last? 11.15 Sense of the Past 
11.45 Marlowe - Private Eye. 12.45am 

HTV WflLFQ As HTV West except 
Ml V WALES Bt30 _ ia o9 Schools 

10.11-1026 Looking Forward. 6.00pm- 
625 Wales at Six 10.30 Wales This 
Week. 11.00 Sense ol the Past 11.30- 
1220a Marlowe - Private Eye. 

Akim IA As London except 

— 1.20pm-1.30 Nevrs 5.15- 
5.45 Blockbusters. 620-625 About 
AngRa. 720-720 Mind Your Language. 
1020 Folio. 11.00 Sense of the Past 
11.30 The Master. 12.30am Friend in 
High Places. Closedown 

PHANNFI As London except 120 
pin News. 120 Home 
Cookery. 125-220 Falcon Crest 3.30- 
4.00 That'S My Dog. S.15-5.45 
Blockbusters. 6.00-625 Channel 
Report 1020 Prisoner Cell Block H. 
11.30 Mysteries of Edgar Wallace* 12.30 
am Closedown. 

BORDER As London except 

120pm Border News. 
1.30-220 man in a Suitcase. 3.30-4.00 
Young Doctors. 5.15-5.45 Blockbusters. 
620-625 Lookaround. 11. CO The 
Master. 12.00 News. Closedown. 

*•» *eu 



First Published I7gj 

Labour MPs Cardinal in 
to seek split with 

Order Bill handicap 


By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Opposition MPs. with the 
backing of a large number of 
legal bodies, are to press for 
changes lo the controversial 
new offence of "disorderly 
conduct" contained in the 
Government's Public Order Bill 
which entered its committee 
stage in the Commons yester- 

The Bill, the first large-scale 
overhaul of public order law for 
?Q years, contains offences of 
riot, unlawful assembly, affray 
dnd disorderly conduct and 
creates new police powers to 
control demonstrations, to 
impose conditions on marches 
and lo lackJe fool ball hooli- 

"Disorderly conduct" in- 
volves words or behaviour that 
arc threatening. abusive, insult- 
ing or disorderly, where, in the 
opinion of a police officer, those 
arc likely to "harass, alarm or 
distress” anolher. 

But groups including the 
Legal Action Group of lawyers, 
she National Council for Civil 
Liberties. Justice, the law 
reform group, and the Haldane 
Society of Socialist Lawyers, 
have attacked the clause as 
giving the police wtde and 
unfettered discretionary powers. 

The groups also say that the 
offence extends the CTiminal law- 
to behaviour which cannot 
t.iirly be described as criminal. 
The NCCL. in its briefing to 
MPs. says it could cover “a 
heckler 'at a shareholders’ 
meeting" or "shutting car doois 
alter a party". 

Continued from page one 
Mcncap. Mr Brian Rix. was a 
signatory of a letter in The 
Times opposing this view, and 
as a result there was an 
exchange of private correspon- 
dence in which the cardinal 
raised the matter of bis 
continuing patronage. He was 
apparently not aware of the 
December policy decision until 
this week, when a Mcncap letter 
to MPs was forwarded to him. 

In his letter of resignation he 
told Mr Rix: "This statement 
supporting research on human 
embryos is totally unacceptable 
on moral grounds to Catholics, 
since it is incompatible with the 
moral teaching and principles of 
our church." 

He said he appro'-ed Men- 
cap's "admirable” work for the 
handicapped, but had to dis- 
sociate himself completely from 

its public position on embryo 
experiments "which failed lo 
respect the sanctity and integ- 
rity of innocent human life". 

Mencap issued a statement 
yesterday regretting Cardinal 
Hume's withdrawal and ex- 
plaining that its support for 
certain experiments was “re- 
lated to the prevention of 
handicap at the pre-embryo 
stage", referring to a fertilized 
ovum in its early existence. 
Cardinal Hume's letter calls the 
same entity an embryo, which is 
where part of their disagree- 
ment lies. 

It is understood the cardinal 
expects lo take a leading role in 
the public controversy over 
legislation on these matters later 
this year, which would bring 
him into direct opposition with 

Thatcher statement 
on leak inquiry 

ConGpuedfrora page 1 
reconsideration of an earlier 
ruling about the minute of a 
meeting between Mr Bnttan 
and Sir John cuckney, the 
Westland chairman, on October 


If a minister quotes from a 
document in the House, the 
document should be made 
available in full f° r inspection 
by MPs. Mr Brittan spoke of his 
meeting with Sir John in the 
Commons debate on Westland 

confidential information, i^ e 
former Conservative p r i XDc 
Minister added. 

Mr Heath was being quo. 
tioned by a subcommittee of U» 

all-party Treasury and Ovif 
Service select committee as pan 
of its investigation into tfe 
duties and responsibilities 
ministers and Qvil Servants 
initiated after the Pooling case. 

He was replying to Mr Brian 
Scdgemore. Labour MP % 

HaeknfcV South and 

Satwant Singh’s parents leaving the court yesterday and Mr Lekhi (right) condemning the verdict 

Base rate rise expected Gandhi plotters sentenced to hang 

Continued from page 1. 

crease in mortgage rates from 
the 12.75 per cent level would 
add £10.50 to the net monthly 
repayments on a £20.000 

Sir Campbell Adamson, 
chairman of the Abbey 
National. said in presenting the 
society’s annual results: "If the 
hank rale goes up again we will 
have to think very seriously 

A rise in mortgage rates 
would upset hopes of a drop in 

inflation to 3.5 per cent by the 
middle of the year. However, 
the Treasury has made clear 
that it is unwilling to see the 
pound fell to a level which 
would jeopardize longer term 
hopes of lower inflation. 

The focus this morning will 
be on the Bank of England's 
taciics in the money markets. 

The stock market yesterday 
took comfort from the fact that 
the pound's fall will help 
exporters. The FF 30-share 
index was up by 14.9 to 11 23.6. 

Kenneth Fleet, page 21 

By Our Foreign Staff 

The three Sikh defendants ^ 
the Indira Gandhi murder trial 
uere yesterday found guilty and 
sentenced to death by hanging. 

In the makeshift court at 
Delhi's Tihar jaiL Judge 
Mahesh Chandra described the 
assassination of the former 
Indian Prime Minister in 
October 1984, as the "rarest of 
rare" crimes and said the three 
desen ed the extreme penalty. 

He was listened to in silence 
bv the accused, the late Prime 

Minister's bodyguards. Sat- 
want Singh and Balbir Singh, 
and a former civil servant in the 
Directorate-General of Sup- 
plies and Disposals, Kehar 

Satwant Singh, aged 22, was 
found guilty of murder, at- 
temped murder and misuse of 
firearms given to him for the 
security of Mrs Gandhi. Balbir 
Singh, aged 45, and Kehar 
Singh, aged 50. were found 
guilty of conspiracy to murder. 

Beant Singh, another of Mrs 
Gandhf s bodyguards who w as 

charged with murder, was shot 
and killed by other guards after 
he and Satwant Singh had 
opened fire at the Prime 

After the Judge delivered. the 
verdicts, -the three were asked if 
they had anything to say. Each 
stood and said: *T am inno- 
cent". Their defence counsel, 
Mr P. N. Lekhi, said he would 
file an appeal, in the High 
Court within seven days. 

Later Mr Lekhi said: **Sat- 
- want Singh will not die a death 
. accelerated by judical murder.'' 

Satwant Singh told repeaters in 
the court "1 have no regrets, 
except that this has not a fair 
judgment. The judgment was 

Judge Chandra told the court 
the . prosecution "established, 
beyond a reasonable doubt" 
that the Sikhs conspired to kill 
Mr Gandhi. 

The prosecution claimed 
Mks Gandhi's murder was in 
revenge for the Jane 15184, 

. Indian Army attack on the 
Golden Temple of Amritsar, 
the Sikhs' holiest shrine. 

ia5l WCCK nut WIW — — 

not been satisfied that he was 
quoting from a document 

Mr Campbell-Savours yester- 
day submitted to the Speaker an 
extract from a document which 
he claimed was a minute of die 
October 17 meeting, in which 

the Government's preference 
for a European rescue of 
Westland was confirmed by Mr 
Brittan and accepted by Sir 
John. The Labour MP. tacked 
by Mr Kinnock and Dr Owen, 
said the extract proved that Mr 
Brittan was quoting from a 
document in the debate. 

Mr Heseftme’s friends argue 
that the minute wall show that 
while he was following g 9 \em- 
ment policy, the Prime Minister 
and Mr Brittan changed course 
and switched support to the 
Sikorsky bid presented by UT- 

Mrs Thatcher's statement to 
the Commons today is a 
measure of the importance she 
attaches to killing the d amagi ng 
controversy over Westland. 

The Whitehall rule is that 
ministers are allowed to leak 
confidential information, and 
do so all the time, and that press 
officers divulge information 
when they are authorised to do 

The Cabinet Office leak 
inquiry, which is also covering 
other Westland leaks, was set up 
in January 14 once it had been 
established that the leak was not 
authorized by a minister. It is 
therefore assumed in Whitehall 
that one or more Civil Servants 
acted on his, her or their own 
initiative, and that a minister 
cannot therefore be held culp- 

• Cabinet minister were 
never justified in leaking sensi- 
tive or classified information , to 
damage .their colleagues, Mr 
Edward Heath said last night 
(Our Political Reporter writes). 

Civil Servants were never 
justified in making public 

who during the hearing became 
the third Labour MP to name 
Miss Colette Bowe, head of 
information at the Department 
of Trade and Industry, as the 
alleged leaker of the Solicitor 
General’s letter. 

Mr Sedgemore asked Ifc 
Heath whether the l eakin g of 
information by one Cabinet 
minister to damage another ^ 
the leaking by a Civil Servant of 
classified information for the 
purpose of damaging another 
minister was acceptable coo- 

© Another Commons select 
committee agreed yesterday to 

carry out an inquiry 
Westland but only after % 
chairman had used his casting 
vote (Our Lobby Reporter 

The trade and industry 
committee split along party 
lines with four Labour Mi* 
backing an investigation and 
four Conservative member 
opposing. Mr Ken Warren 
Conservative MP for Hasting 
and Rye, used his casting vote 
in favour of the inquiry. 

© Mr Tony Berm, the former 
Labour Cabinet minister, left 
the Trade and Industry select 
committee as he was in the 
middle of giving evidence last 
night, in protest at its decision 
to go into secret session to 
discuss a classified document. 

• More than 6 per cent of 
Westland shares are believed to 
have changed hands last night 
at a premium of more than 50 
per cent on the quoted Slock 
Exchange price. The buyer, 
apparently a supporter of the 
Westland board and their 
proposed link with. Sikorsky/ 
Fiat, paid 150p a share for the 
stake, most of which came from 
the Prudential. 



High flier named, page 2 
Parliament, page J 

Today's events 

Royal engagements 

The Prince of Wales opens the 

Regiment, dines wuh the Officers ot 
The Queen's Guard. Second 
Battalion, the Parachute Regiment. 
Si James's Palace. 7.30. 

The Princess of Wales visits the 

west Norfolk Buriness Enterprise of Udy and St Johm 

rnist king s L^nn. Norfolk. H ,3U. The l p rior% willen. Milton Keynes. 
£ ‘ill?. —!* 10.40; and later attends a lunch at 

new Children’s Unit at the Nuffield 
Orthopaedic Centre. Oxford, 3. 

Princess Alexandra presents the 
awards of the Worldwide Bed &. 
Breakfast .Association. Town Hall. 
Homioc St, W8. 1 1.25. 

New books - paperback 

Watercolours and Drawings fa, rand 

US JZrJTt Road. Siopsley. 1 2. _ . 

• il.-incMn-Chief. 

rater as 


Organ recital by len Tracey'. City 
Hall. HnlL 7.30. 

Organ recital by Martin Ellis: 

The Literary Edttof’s selection of interesting books pubOstied tWaweefc 
FICTION _ _ _ 

Dreams trom Bunker HU. by John Farts (Grafton, £2-50) 

Jew Suss, by Uon Feucbtwanger. translated by Will* and -Edwin Muir (Grafton, 

Love and Friendship, by Alison Line (Abacus. £2.95} 



The Duchess of Kent opens the | Taunton School. S. 

Stunning the Punters, by Robert Sproat (Faber. £4.95) 

The Street, by Ann Potry (Virago. £3.95) 


Deep depression will be slow 
moving near NE Scotland 
while a frontal wave moves 
close to S England, 

Collins Dictionaries Times Crossword Championship, 1986 
Qualifying Puzzle 

God’s Apology, A Chronicle of Three Friends, by Richard lngram3 (Hamleh 
Hamilton. £535) „ . „ „ _ 

Hamilton. £5.95) ^ ^ ^ 

Orsb'unciiiae Oxonlenses S e l ectee, by John G- Griffith (Oxbow Books, £6) 
Somefaadv Fateh the Marshal. An EnoOsh man's eve-view of the modem American 

6am to midnight 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16.951 

IIUIISIUJJ, iZOU Somebody Fetch the Marshal, An Englishman's eye- view of 

West by Dennis Topping (No-no publications, £2.951 
The Cfyde Estuary and Central Region, by J. B. Stevenson (H 

Competitor. nuy qu,l* h, BS* 

ic Thi*i chittilr! lyimnW The Bound ! Roads 

correctly solving ana suomimr.s i ■ 

this puzzle. The) should complete J ■* JlC pOUUu 
the puzzle and entry form and post 
it with entry fee of £3 and stamped 
and addressed envelope by first 
class mail to Collins Dictionaries 
Times Crossword Championship 
(to whom cheques should be made 

AtatreSa t 
Austria Sch 
BeMum Fr 
Den mart Ki 

out). Green Farm. Saw ley. Ripon. 

London and 8o uB i aao fc A31S Single 
alternate hie traffic on Hampton Rd a the 
junction wifi urn) R* w mpor a ry Bghts. Ai 
Lam closure* bom 9.30am to 4pm on Bw 
Kingston Rd. Putney Vais cen tral reservation 
wont A4Q: Lane closures ta Western Ava, fust 
W of Hangar Lane gyratory system; power 
cable repairs to westbound carriageway; 

North Yorkshire, so that the entry is Germany bw 

postmarked not later than January 

31. The solution will be published MadR 


ur tw NBdhndK Mtfe Repairs between 
eecm junctions 2 /A4523 Dudley and Bmrtnphero W) 
and 3 (A456 Halesowen and Btartntftam wy. 

on February 3. and all competitors 

will be informed of the result not Kethertene 

will be mtormed ot tnc result not KmmnendsGH) 
later than February 24. and whether HoreeyK r 
they will be required to a i tempi tiie sSSS&SaRd 
eliminator puzzle mentioned below. spamPtt 
Regional finals will be cnc-day 
t four-puzzle i events as follows. USA £ 
Glasgow. March Grosvenor Hotel Tugoattwla Dm 
(capacity 300 competitors!: Leeds, 

March 23. Queens Hotel (300): 

Birmingham. April 20. Grand Hotel 
(3201; Bristol May lo. Grand Hotel 
(230): London A. May 3l. London 
B June 1, Park Lane Hotei (300). No 
reference books or other aids may 
be used during the puzzle sessions. 

Refreshments will be provided free. 

If the all-correct entries for any 

10.75 s* a nawauwwi onu miwijito 

i 1 «e contraflow. AA9: Roadworks batween 
Shrewsbury and Ludlow temporary slgntfs- 
aSS Mfc Roadworks on noohbomf carriageway S 
of pjoedon 14 UM48 Stafford 
-Sts Woios and Wasb IM: Delays between 
«jk hmedore 22 and 24 (Cnopatow and Kowpan); 

Msttoiro hard abouidw ckwod and autstds 
jqZTq Iona westbound also dosed. A3& DWays on 

London, SE, cent ral S England: Rain 
at first then sunny Intervals and 
occasional showers; wind variable Rght 
becoming W s tr ong to gale; max temp 

Ean Angte, MIdlandK Cloudy at first 
than sunny Intervals end showers; wind 
W light increasing strong; max temp 6G 

E, NE England, Borders, Edinburgh, 
Dundee: Surety intervals and showers, 
possibly heavy with snow In pieces: 
wind W strong; max temp 5C (4 IF). 

Channel blonds, SW England, 3 
Wales: Rain at first then sunny intervals 
and showers, posstoty heavy with snow 
on niHs later wind W strong to gale; max 

Lake District fate of Man, SW 
Scotland, Glasgow, ArgyS, Northern 
Ireland: Bright intervals and showers of 
sleet snow or halt heavy and protonged 
at times, possibly heavy snowfall on hlQs 
with drifting; wind W veering N strong to 


High tides 

the Enoar id nymouth road. IvybrMga bypass: 
low 2 closed norm and southbound. A414 

Raw; ft: smafl Ca w mi n arcn bann r»res only. | 
« 5jj»iW by Batuavs Bor* PLC. 

Man Pdca indac; 37B.9. I 

Lcadcic The FT Index bettod 19 145 at 


Births: Stendhal fMaric-Henri 
Beyle), novelist Grenoble. France. 
r»3; Edoovd Manet. Paris. 1832; 


1 It used to be white with sugar, 
we are told ( 6). 

5 Lamb on a string for tragic 
king's daughter (Si. 

9 Musical tournament (8). 

Ml Bank's keynote is caution l6). 

1 1 Where to spit at a garden party? 
( 8 ). 

12 Note what has happened before 
a meal (6). 


2 Catamaran that is purple inside 

f8 >- , . 

3 Use this to enter bordello free! 


4 New work jackcll4-5). 

5 Revenue man's gun is one for 
the connoisseur (10.5). 

6 One of Pinafore’s crew a chip off 
this block? (4-3). 

7 Retriever, pan Newfoundland 
( 8 ). 

8 Runway parade by band 18). 

venue exceed the accommodation Subhas Chand™ Bose politician. 
... : Curmck. Orissa. India. 189 /. 

im 2 closed norm and southbound. A414 
Major reeon ra uction wort on ttw Orencestsr 
to &Mtndcn road it SouSi Carney on boundary 
Gloucaa MraM raflWBMre; avoid d poaaibto. 

The North MIS: Ful closure ot Doncostv lo 
SreifWd SrS road; fireraftn duo to wore on 
Mannan Han bridge. MSI: Biocow Bridge 
(hjncitan MS1/M6); Constnidon ot new 
motorway fink an MSI at Watton Summit loft 
hand lane dosrea on both N and southbound 
eamagsways. AM: Serere (Mays In Congleton 
town cantre. Cheshire: water mam work at 
various points, local tfnrerelong; traffic controls. 

Scotland: *74: MOton BriOgo. LonortaWra. 
dosed soutntxajnd at Lssnuhahapovr. cm 
way traffic northbound. High Street Ol aiflos r 
Ons land northbound between tnpam Si and 
George Sr. AS12: AeourioctoB on EdnDtir^i 
Rd. Perth: single Bis traffic Socmen gam and 
4ptn; delays. 

gala: max temp4C(39F). 

Aberdeen, Control Hlo 

Aberdeen, Central HtaMonda, 

Firth, NE, NW Scotiond, Orkney: 
Outbreaks of sleet or enow, heavy fete 
do hUte with drifting: wind W vee ring N 
strong to gale: rrax temp 3C(37F). 

Shetland: Periods of rain or snow. 
?eavy snowfal on frifls whh drifting: wind 
N strong to gale: max temp K C36F). 

Outlook for to mo rr ow end Saturday: 
Gold with overnight frost and enow 
Bhowera. heavy and protongad at first in 
the N and E. 

London Brkjgo 















SEA PASSAGES: S North Saa, Strait of 

b-blua sky: bc-btus star and cloud; c-doudy; 
o-overcest Mn.iuUi: h-hat m-mist 
Mdn: s-enow. tfHhtatoamorm: p-ehovrara. 
Arrows show wind drecSon. srindspesfl (mob) 
drclad. tsrnp or alurea ce m iy a da. 

Dover, EngKah Channel (Eh Wind S 
veering NW strong to gale, occasionally 
severe gate, showers; vteibfflty moder- 
ate or good: sea very rough. St 
George's Channel, Irish Sea: Wind W 
veering to N strong to gate occasionally 
severe gale, showers: vtafefflty moder- 
ate or good: sea very rough. 

available, competitors 

■■ Deaths: WUiiam Baffin, explorer. 

required to attempt Jte clsminzjor p ersian Gulf l62: . wniiam Pit! 
ruzzle which wdl be published i it « (lfar Younger). Prime Minister 1783- 

is needed) on Thursday. February 
27. Competitors are warned that 
this will be a more than usuaily 

(ibe Younger). Prime Minister 1783- 
I SOI. 18CI4-05. London. 1804: John 
Field, pianist and composer. 
Moscow. 1S37; Charles Kingsley. 

MOfofd Haven 

Ht wq u a y 




P orta mwith 

S lme h am 

Sou te am ptnn 

- "J! S 

-ils IX llj 

o .?B 3.1 A4fl « 
5, OS 1U1 53S 
3-54 AM *.1B 
B54 S.6 10JB U 

124 4.6 34 

1054 4J tt.« 

10.06 i4 UWM U 
841 44 9.11 *1- 

443 8-1 AB O. 
4.10 75 437 

AM l.M 

955 75 957 U ; 

754 2.1 B.1I M. 

1050. 4.0 10£ J-: 
4J4 5.7 AST SI 

358 65 350 

4.17 35 AM SJ 

257 45 350 

454 1.7 5.11 J* 

945 4.1 1051 Jl, 

B56 55 10.K L. 

9.15 35 W 

451 75 4 ST: JL 

154 45 2.18 

WoHoa-on-Naza 1053 35 1357. ** 

Tktemesamfflantfei metres lowUM*' 

•- .. 
ft; ~ 

Around Britain 

difficuU puzzle but are reminded l noiclir-L Escrsley. Hampshire, j tot^ 

Portfolio - flow to ploy 
Monday-Sawday record your daSy 

Hague. 1931; Edvard Munch, 
punter, Oslo, 1 944; Pierre Bonnard, 
painter. Lc Can net. France. 1947; 
Sir Alexander Korda, film producer. 

15 Tribesman using internal secur- Jg Q^^Tr a dttl old man's beard, 
iiy force io get ajrbome 1 8). perhaps - he's a useless fellow 

15 Indian's pulse had somehow 
come to pound (4). 

_ , . ' ...... 17 Bring down the king in death (S). 

i 7 Insipid as a person, but right in a ^ jj 

Solution of Puzzle No 164750 

the swim (4). transparent' (8). 

19 Discontinue meetings m favour 19 Ancient eastern gold coin (7). 
Of sport (8). 

20 Druses blown up in imprison- Solution of Puzzle No 144*5( 
men i (5). 

21 The Bishop of Rum-ti-Foo is not 
in office to become exhausted 

22 Can this negro with a Scots- 
man's help change his skin, 
asked Jeremiah (6). 

23 What on retlecuon. Narcissus 
suffered from i8). 

24 These potatoes have extra point 
for the Cheshire Cal's owner! 8.1. 

25 Off stage direction to actors (6). 

ine connoisseur 1 1 that incomplete (or onh parti;. 

6 OneoffboafercscrewachipolT cq «> iul!0n , ma> ucll qualify. 


,gj entries will be eliminated. 

8 Runway parade by band 18). Compcutors at a regional i 5^ Alexander Koraa, turn proaucer. 

14 Firm line that Ag ag might have may qualify ibr the Natiosal Fm3! London. 1956: 

managed? (9). in the following way. The regional ■■ — - 

15 Cut the faded old man's beard, winner will quality- plus one p or i: Qmpn t + nf Jo v 

perhaps - he's a useless fellow additional comretisor for ever;. 1 b0 i 4llISimeUL tUUav 
(8). competitors over the first i 0: thus 

16 Revolutionary new car chain (8). 1 ^. gi.po competitors two will ^ — — : — 

18 !L.J *“ ^ three will qualify, and so 0... The i—i. shops Bill, cotrunittce. 

illustrator. I Add tcgrtw to dotoRtha your 


aatitova: San nk 

T52am 454pm 

Paris. I8S3: Amra Parlora. The ffi» pubtefwd -reowy 

Hague. 1931; Edvard Munch, Aridwtd floure you bora watoutfgttt or a 
painier, Oslo, 1 944; Pierre Bonnard, share of tfre pure money stared tor tat wwafc,- 

HoooMtac Moonrioas: 

8.40 am 157 pm 
Fun Moon: January 26. 



Brid fl P Bto B 




Sun Rita Max 
hr In C F 

and must etatai your pnza as Instructed batow. 

Lighting-Bp time 

Hama Bay 

- 8 46 cloudy 

- 53 8 46 cSoudy 

-. .18 7 45 drizzle 

0.1 .09 a 46 rsm 

(Li .12 8 48 shaman 

- JI7 9 48 showare 

- .17 7 45 rota 

Mrs combe 






Sun Rota 
hrt ta 
- Ab 
25 .13 
1JJ .46 

0. 8 55 

1. D AS 

C F 

10 50 reH 

11 52 rata 

10 SO ralnm 
6 43 ret iw 

8 7 £»r 


Lords Ok Shops Bill, cotrunittce. 

qualifiers from the tix regiocal f oa nh day. Gaming (.Amendment) 
finals will attend the National F:rjJ Biit. second reading. 

no Hifi ■ 

s ■ 0 in n ' n i”'® gi ^’fl 

p R- fgi. g- g - m_n 


at the Park Lane Hotel, London, on 
Sunday. September 7. 

Prizes given by Coil ms Publishers 
include the following: each regional 
champion will win a Collins Trophy 
and luxury weekend for two in 
London for the National Final 
including travel, dc luxe hotel 
accommodation and meals. Prizes 
will be awarded to ifte next three 
places at each regional final, 
Additional qualifiers will hzv C Lhcir 
hotel and rail travel expenses paid 

How todolra 

T o to p baoa Hm Ttreoa Fortte fl o dotaw 8 rra 
0254-53272 btaoreon 10X0 am and 350 ran. 
an dw daw year awaraB total urtr.h — Tba 
Ttmn PertMto Mvktond. No dabns can bo 
MMpterf outride titeM Jwtw. 

You must nawa your cant wtti you whsn you 

n you on unotHs to totaphana sranoons Otoe 
cart cWffl on your oehatt but otaynot hare 
your cord and coll Tha Tknos Porttoio detats 
Bne oowreon ta oflpuiatod tunoo. 

NO respomlMtv ran b« oooaptsd tor talflxo 
n contact ta ctomrs ofitos tor any reason 
wnttHitajttWd hours. . . 

London sx* pm to 72\ am 
Bristol 5. 14 pm to 750 oar 
EdMairgh 456 pm 10 752rem 
Moncbootor 5X4 pm to 7J7 am 
P aw n ca 5 30 pm to 737 am 


Snow reports 



L U 



Pista Piste 

Runs to 

(5 pm) 



Ischgl 100 190 






Lovely skiing conditions 
KilzfcuhoJ 55 170 






Mostly fair, some icy patches 

St Anton 80 310 good 

powder varied 



T^raporjw « mtttoy ysatordoy: c. aloud; f. 
W r, fw; s, sun. 

C F c F 

BaBW I 7 45 Q ua nu ay r 8 46 

Etmtogtiam r 8 48 te v a t n aaa 1 5 41 

B lactoool r 9 46 Maram y r 7 45 

Bristol r 9 48 London r 7 45 

CartUf r 9 48 MaicfcMtar r 6 43 

Edtaburgh r 8 46 Nono ao B a c 5 *1 

Gteflgow c 8 46 Ro oo id a uiy c 8 46 


FW*dno* 02 ST tl 

Amoy - 55 10 

Oaamai - Si 11 

Sc«r M m 03 SB 11 

Ntaaquay - 50 10 

- MS 91 

- ST 10 

- .19 9 

- .24 9 

- St 10 

- 58 10 

- .26 50 

- -46 11 

- 59 10 
• 53 10 

- 52 55 

- .40 11 

- 50 10 

- .17 10 
0.1 £4 n 

- 52 11 

- 57 11 

- 55 11 
02 ST tl 

- 56 10 

- 51 11 

48 rain 
50 rata 
48 ra« 

48 rata 
50 rota 
50 rata 
50 ran 
SS rain 
50 rata 
50 rota 
K rata 
52 rata 
50 ahovrera 
SO rata 
52 rata am 
52 gate 
82 rain 
52 rata 
52 rata 
50 rain 
52 rata 

London (CM) 
Bristol (Cut) 
Cardiff (CM) 
Angina ay 

Anglos oy 1.5 

Ptyr»uifi - .17 

Nonridi 0J .15 

B'pOOltAlipI) 07 66 

Manctaater 0.9 22 

Naatagham 0.1 .09 

N’ctt-n-Tyne 15 M 

Cartato 0.4 55 


EskOdeinjlr 0,1 58 

52 rataom 
50 stiowwi 









8 46 ono^ 1 1 

7 45 AW*? * 
S 41 

5 *1 B tflriga 
7 49 ahaagS-- 

a 43 1 

7 45 ntag., 3 

8 45 wf*' : 

Balfaat Oil JB 7 

YMtanter Tamp: rwu 8 am to i pm. IX 
(50F); mta 6 pm to 8 am. 3C 0771 Hurriffity: 8 
ran. 85 par corn. Rota: 24ftr to 8 pm. 0.1 ilr. 
Sun: 24tv a 6 pm. nt Bv. maun sot Itvot. a 
pm. 388.9 nflUarv rtsmg. 

1.000 mUBtari ■ 29^3tn. 


ErcsHeut skflno 
ten. Hoehgurgi/ 


the Championship receives s 
Collins Trophy and a £J00 Gift 

— — - " • — — ~ ; ~ ~ ■“ Voucher and the runner-up and 

• cn£t«e dww&F'J ftr O m> emrj fee for (be l«8fl ColUm Dicuonano Timn Ov3S**ort . . receive 

^^opaodup '*iih xanpod udaddmsed envelope. ^»-d and fourth places receive 

Harrods Gift Vouchers for £oC0. 

Niffle(piea« pmui— 

hotel and rail travel expenses paid Sokfcn. Hochgurgl/ _ 
to the National Final. Tnc winner of Cborau^l 50 90 *9 

the Championship receives a WeJJ prepared pistss, win lasnna Mason 


"A Flaitto 120 260 good powder good 

voucher and tnc runner-up ana Good skiing everywhere 

third and fourth places receive L(sAR8 95 190 good powder good 

Harrods Gift Vouchers for £3C0. New snow on good base, snow shower* 

£200 and £1 00 respectively. Further Moraine 60 165 good tar good 

— • j j J — — Fresh snow on firm base 

Tignes 90 130 good varied good 

Highest and lowest 

YttSwitay: Hfchoat day imik Torquay, Exster 
1 1C (S2F): lOwsst ritar mac Avlamor* 4C (38F); 

NchMt rstaftft EstaMomub Q-SSta; Ngbost 

Nghost rstafot EsWotomu 
waMns: Co trryo BttySShr. 

prizes will be awarded down a> 
eighth place. 

Id the event of auv dispute the V ai ThonB» Ste SW ^J 250 good powder good 

Tower Bridge 

Tovrer Srtdg* aril be MM today at 






A aratai U aiu 







fl^bAY: c, ctoua; d, ana*; 1. fair fg. fog; r, raia a, buo; sn, cram. 1 
r c ^ 

decision of the Crossword Editor of 'q 
The Tims will be final Empioyecs jTALY 
of Times Ncwspzpc rs Lid and of Seta 

Good sluing, minimal queues 

Choice of venue : — of Times Mcwspzpcrs L.U ano o 

iCrnly on: chaw, bui cntnnb »iDiog to aiuRd euher Birminjhia or Bnnol oie asked 1a put them Cnilins Publishers mav not com 
cKTtJrr of preference, and London appLcatas available tor eiiher London A or B &houU waply 
ciier “Lomlon"). ■ jXUC. . - 


Sehra 40 60 lair fair good ctoua -1 

Steep slopes wom and icy • _ , , 

In. the above reports, suppled by tftoSJ* 1 J3ub L ref9ra 10 

lowar slopes and L1 10 uppe r slopes. Other snow reports page 27. 

1986. Primed and ptibluhed Ire Time! 
N em papc u I faa iuiL P.O. Bo* 7. 20Q 
Gra/a inn Road, Loadan. WCIX xr 7 
Engfend. Tekpbooc (H-837 1234. Tdoc 
260671, Tbrnrefav Januaiv 23 >986. 
Rosoteicd to* nrarepMKrtt the Pok Office.. 



■uon Abo* 





C 7 46 
r 5 45 
r 20 70 
f 11 52 
r 0 43 
C It SZ 

* 6 43 
1 5 41 

* » 90 
1 18 88 

* 37 81 
e 16 81 
f 8 46 
1 25 77 













K3S3 1 

C F 
f 745 

• 4 39 
6 12 64 
9 9 48 
C 10 60 

• 16 SG 
C 11 62 
f 7 45 
f 17 63 
6 6 43 
S 15 59 
C 1 34 

e 15 w 
f -1 3C 

S 9 48 

• 29 84 
f 24 75 
f 23 73 

1SS SSfflrJi! ' 

muo« t ib si 

MtbnM 5 20 68 

Mnxlrn C* * *~y an om, imt . c 


MBnk* - 

Now Y«fc’ 

9 17 63 
a 22 72 
e 438 
c -I 30 
an -8 is 
C 6 41 
1 25 77 
1 14 67 
s 20 68 


Month t 29 84 
Jottora- f 24 75 
Km f 23 73 

UaPatam c 19 B6 
LMou a 13 SS 
bn* a 8 43 
LAnaaM* t 18 61 

t 14 67 TlUW . -ijiff 
a 20 08 To«torite.^ ,^‘i« . 
f 9 48 TBttB : lvbglg : 
a 13 a 7ora*r.^40? 
f -3 Z7 Tuafc^'/ijlP 
0 6 43 V«taaete- -3^jrj ; 

% « HpyKSovI 

t 18 61 Rbotiaa 
6 3 37 RJynoh 

HraSriri A B 48 R&ibJan l XT* 
rianotea Tua«day'i figureo are blast nwM 

C 4 38 THiai •rJrZaA* 

a -3 27 fte tejteVj - ^ 


a » 79 Z&tb ii c* . 

■vMMbta . 

"I *•' 'i*. •• " ’ 

’rii. v-'v. * . .... . 

* cl- 

-j r 

' In 

f fv 


■J* cw 

=■■ iift 


k -1 ; v£r 

^ Bf ^he First Division Associ- 
* H alien - the union inep- 

■ resenting; ; many senior 

- Civil Servants - ‘recently 

. JL. - produced a hard-hitting 
booklet -giving .-—an 
alternative view" of Civit Service 
careers. One of its argumepts was 
that, despite various drawbacks, the 
Civil ^Service., really did offer 
graduates a varied job in die very 
centre of the nation's decision-mak- 
ing process.. 

TTie booklet was written by young 
•“high-flying*’ Civil Servants in the 
early stages of their careers : in 
various departments of state. For 
me. they summed up one. of the key 
attractions of the Civil Service as a' 
career.- - 

It has always been a career for 
those who want to serve the public. I., 
sometimes feel this is not a popular' 
thing to say nowadays. Nevertheless, 
the concept of public service - and 
the wish to be at the very hean of 
government - is stiH a powerful' 
motivating force for aspiring Civil 
Servants. It is a potent .recruitment 

But the Civil Service of today is 
significantly different from the Civil 
Service I joined more than 30 years . 
ago. Public service has altered and 
those drawn to it should be aware of 
the change taking place and the 
challenges they present. . . . 

in recent years there has been a 
quiet revolution in Whitehall. The 
changes have been described as ihe 
most profound in the Civil Service 
for more than a century. There is a 
new professionalism which has been 
added to thclraditional virtues. 

Better value for money for the 
taxpayer has become, more than 

the management: of government *. ■ 

activities. : . ; , .we 'nave a place for. every type of 

Financial authority- is ’being-’ graduate. On the one hand, there is a 
delegated from central finance units . * re * 1 - vanel y of jobs for those who 
to. providers of services and' wai ' 1 pursue their own scientific 
controllers of- projects. - who are - or • * echnological -disciplines. We 

taking on "a greater personal- ( w ? nl . e Y er y .type- -of expert ' -' 
accountability.-* • ••••'■ scientists. engineers, valuers, archi- 

Managers at all levels, whetheriir ,ect ^; accountants. : actuaries, econ- 
charge of administrative pro- - 0J Pjs\s ^ lawyers. The list*- is 
grammes or scientific or lechnolc^- . endless - 

caf projects; are being made more' On the other hand ‘there is also a 
aware of the cost of. their activities large, spread of generalist jobs. For 
and are being given more discretion these, foe Civil Service, needs a range 
oyer how their budgets are spent in- of talents, . not only the Oxbridge 
pursuit • of- agreed ■ objectives, classicist whicb persistent myths 
Together with responsibility for suggest is .best suited for adminis- 
money goes. increased discretion in . 

staffing matters. ' ~ ‘ ' We are doing everything possible 

This. significant shift -in [emphasis to encourage graduates, postgradu- 
is' reflected in., what we are looking ates and those engaged, in post-dbc- 

for in recniils.- 

torate . work to consider adminis- 


X^T, the- (Civil Service 

performance . and output andindi- — ~ : — — 

a today needs more. 

biasi for action. We need more risk- 7 " 1 . . 

takers. innovators anddoers. XlSK-takerS, mOTC 

t recently told a careers seminar at.'*: ~ 3 ; 

Leeds University:. “We dori T l want.-;'. ;7 t _, w j 

cerebral recluses Naked intellect III HOV3. LOTS £LQCl 

not enough. We'- heed ‘action-’ ” — r- — : — — ; — — 

&%%£££- pco '” c ; more dpers, says .’ 

. AJI.this has affected, fundanyen- .. ! • — - .- ■ J — . ' 

tally the type of graduate rccnii.t Tlplinic TrPVplviin 

need. Public and private sectors are ■ XW1UU5 1 TC V eiy dH 
moving ever closer in management. ; rr: “ ~ 

style, with- the .- O’vil Service. ■ 

wherever possible; applying private yea ’? wereennted about 3,500 yotfog 
sector techniques and diseijrfmes -to - across ‘ a Tange or 



The Crvil Service is now smaller Ira lion. The scientist and technol- 
than at any. lime -since World War*, ogist are just as likely to -pass our 
Two. But it remains one of Britain's . entry - examinations as those who 
largest employers of graduates. Last read foe humanities. 

-One of the fascinating things 
about the Civnl Sen-ice is the varied 
academic backgrounds of those in 
top jobsl The message is that there is 
no slackening in our demand for 
graduate talent As the significant 
changes 1 have described take place 
in the management of the ’ Civil 
Service, we need a constant flow of 
“quality" recruits. . ... 

Just what son of a person are we 

First, a, word about recruitment. 
This is undertaken by the Civil 
Service Commission, which has a 
long tradition of fair and open, 
competition and selection on merit. 
Everyone has an equal chance. No 
application is ignored. We lake great 
pains to provide equal treatment in 
the selection process regardless of 
candidates* ethnic origin (provided 
they meet our nationality require- 
ments), sex or academic back- 
ground. ... 

This philosophy is constant 
though detailed selection procedures 
are continually modified in search of 

more sophisticated and successful 
ways of selecting the right people. 

As always, we need clever mein 
“ ^oraen _ with well developed 
critical faculties. But thev must also 
De people Who can get ihe'job done. 

. There are many misunderstand- 
ings about the Civil Service. >'cs. 
Prime Minister amuses the manda- 
rins as much as. if not more than, 
the next person. But it does 
perpetuate myths and stereotypes. 
One myth is that senior Civil 
Servants live comfortably in “ivory 
towers”. This has never been more 

Today, the Civil Servant must be 
a “manager” in every aspect of the 
word. He or she must look 
outwards: must express views 
cogently, orally and in writing; must 
be aware of the uses and limitations 
of new technology; must be ready, 
willing and. above alt able to turn a 
hand to anything. 

The Civil Service, like commerce 
and industry, is looking for the all- 
purpose recruit, the Renaissance 
man or woman. It is essentially a 
“career” service. There are valuable, 
well established and accepted ways 
for private sector people to be 
brought into the -Civil Service to 
provide skills we do not have: But 
the Civil Service must rely primarily 
on developing our own skilled 

. It follows that there is great scope 
for talented graduates to make a 
varied and demanding lifetime 

The process of growing our own 
. skilled managers is being fostered by 
changes in training and personnel 
management. For many years we 
have encouraged and assisted 

graduates in specialist disciplines to 
acquire professional qualifications. 

This approach to professionalism 
is now being extended into areas 
such as personnel management, 
where staff are being encouraged to 
acquire Institute of Personnel 
Management qualificaiions. 

We are also expanding training 
for generalists. For some time there 
has been a substantial training 
programme for fast-stream adminis- 
trative recruits. This covers manage- 
ment of staff and other resources, 
quantitative skills, and matters 
specific to the context in which 
government operates. 

T he emphasis on training in 
structured management 
development is now being 
extended - upwards to 
senior management, side- 
ways to executive officers. 
In ihe latter case, we are recognizing 
the considerable management po- 
tential in a basic administrative 
grade to which more than half the 
entrants arc now graduates them- 

At the most senior levels an 
intensive training course brings 
together top managers from the 
Civil Service, public corporations 
and private sector companies. Below 
these levels, in addition to formal 
training, short-term exchanges of 
staff between the Civil Service and 
industry are a growing and valuable 
cross-fertilization of experience. 
There is scope for more. 

Training apart two other devel- 
opments form part of our concerted 
drive io improve Civil Service 
management Both may serve io 

January 23, 1986 

attract ambitious young men and 
women to government service. 

First, unified grading structures 
have been extended down to middle 
management levcL The idea is to 
offer no impediment to specialists 
who wish to move into adminis- 
tration. Such arrangements also 
make it easier for the talents of all 
Civil Servants to be used to the full, 
whatever their original specialism. 

Second, we have, afer careful 
research, developed staff appraisal 
and reporting systems to help to 
identify and develop talent. 

The attraction of the Civil Service 
is - it always has been - the intrinsic 
interest of the job. To those who 
find the process of government 
fascinating, it is a rewarding career. 
New entrants will find themselves 
immediately engaged in debating 
major issues and playing a pan in 
the decision-making process. Politi- 
cal awareness is an essential quality. 

But nowadays new entrants will 
find that alongside their more 
traditional roles of administration', 
policy analysis and advice to 
ministers, they will be increasingly 
concerned with management where 
performance is judged in terms of 
outputs and value for money. 

Those who opt for public service 
are in a privileged position. In 
return, they will find their intellec- 
tual and personal qualities stretched 
to the limit. They will often be 
overworked, they will never be 

Dennis Trevelyan, as First Civil 
Service Commissioner, heads the 
Civil Service Commissioners, who 
arc responsible to the Crown for 
recruiting on the principle of open 
cam i*ei titan and selection on merit 

01-278 9161/5 Enquiries 



The Authority, the largest In Wales, serves a population of 636,000 and has a revenue budget 
of and a Capital budget of around £4m. j . . 

Too Authdray -now wishes to appoint XjMGeneraT Managet^i(i^:^;7ia^ 
sponsibflfty lor the performance of foe Unite including the utffisation -of resources and quafity 
of services provided. 

Mpticantewffl need to offer demonstrable records of achievement wWwn foe NHS or in large 
/l/sptex mufti func&onal organisations. "■ 7 . ■ - 

The District wfflharo foe following Units: 

Budget- Approx. Salary Range 

. l.’OjJ&f -Acute Services based on foe new £19.3m- £20 I 500-£23,800 

frtocess of Wales Hospital, Bridgend 

M&ttelUIness- baaed oh Paro& . £14 ,3m £19,0Q(F£23 > QQQ 

Q&vhyd/Periyfai Hospital* Bridgend 

3. Tflft By- Acute Services basedon - - - - £18.9m - £20,500^23,800 

East Glamorgan General Hospital near . 


4. Rhondda -Partly Acute Sendees based - £7.8m - £18,000-219,500 

oh Ltoynypla Hospital 

5. Merthyr/Cynon - Acute Services based £22m £24,000-227,900' 

on Princa Charles Hospital, Merthyr 

TycffB : 

6. Rhymney Vafley - Mainly Acute Sendees . £8 4m £18,500-220,500 

based on Caorphitty Miners District 


7. Mental Harefcap Unit -based on 25.4m 219,000-223,000 

Hensol Hospital, Nr Uantrisant 

The Authority also wishes to appoint an Assistant District General Manager to. assist the 
Distort General Manager and to be responsible for specific spheres of activity. The post will 
be based In the Authority's District Headquarters and wffl particularly appeal to candidates 
with dear DGM potential. 

8. Assistant District General Manager Salary: efrba £23, 000 

CRnWans will be remunerated in accordance wtth WHC(85)1 4 and WHC(85}47. 

For non NHS candidates the salary will be negotiable. All salaries quoted are Illustrative and 

interim. ‘ 

Contracts wSI be offered for a fixed term of three or five years renewable by mutual agree- 

Informal enquiries may be made to George Boulton, District General Manager, on {0222) 

IN /jW An information package and ■p pH c aB q n detafis are available from the 

Assistant District Personnel Officer, 18 Cathedral Road, Cardiff, 

tek (0222) 399771 oxL 221. 

(f%JO ^ Mid Glamorgan Closing date for receipt of spp&catkxis: 

Health Authority 10 th February 3986. 


Not looking for a new job! 

.... probably because, as an experienced recruiter, you - 
are already successful and commrttedto develop that • . 
success. So why consider joining Management Person nel. 

• a quality client list developed over 20 years. 

• prestigious offices in the West End, Guildford, Windsor 

and St Albans. . ~ 

• a new office about to open in the City. . 

• a high calibre team of specialist consultants. 

• an unrivalled benefits package which includes a high 

basic salary, generous bonus scheme anda company 

car of your choice after a qualifying period, non con- 
tributory pension, life, health & sicknessjrisurance. 
Perhaps most important of all, you will be allowed the 
freedom to develop your career in a mature; supportive 
atmosphere. Keen to learn more? Then, telephone me. 
Nicolas Mabin, Regional Manager. _ / 

Management PerstMinel 

r** REcruitmaitSdertron SiSearrii. 

2 SwsBowPlaca, London WIR.7AA. ~ 
Telephone: 01-408 I IBM ■MUftMiDim/im-- 

A direct line 
to the executive 

InterExec is the organisation special- 
ising in the confidential promotion of 
Senior Executives. 

InterExec clients do not need to find 
vacancies or apply for appointments. 

InterExec’s q ualifi ed specialist staff) 
and access to over 100 unadvertised 
vacancies per week, enable new appoint- 
ments at senior levels to be achieved 
rapidly, effectively and confidentially. 

For a mutually exploratory meeting telephone: 

London ® 01-930 5041/8 

19 Charing Cross Road. WC2. ‘ 

Birmingham 12? 021-632 5648 

The Rotunda. New Stp?«. 

Bristol ® 02 72 277315 

30 Baldwin Street. 

Edinburgh 12 ? 031-226 5680 

‘47a George Street. 

Leeds ® 0532 450243 

E Sneer. , . . 

Manchester ® 061-236 8409 

Faulkner House, Faulkner Sweet. 

. - InterEse^' 1 

The one who stands out., 




Recruitment Advertising 
Executive Search 
Management Selection 
International Recruitment 

178-202 Great Portland Street. 
London WIN 5TB. Tel: 01-631 441 1. 
8 Mathew Street, Liverpool L2 6RE. 
Tel: 051-236 1724 

Engineers for 




The I nhersn. uflnsan rnijwiam Chattel lging and iroinlH* 
sppanmieni m establish and head a new tadusnal Ha»Hi (tin TV 
rnnosiij wiihaMattmnowrfappmamatelvi'Tftnpi .pussews 
a van israsive range (tfskllb arid ejOTtoeaHWHE os «df and lus 
esx&ent reseadi featrttt ataflahte. Then?* jpeai pusnul for nffertaj; 
wires required In mdusuy 

The man naponsfibdes ufihe pofl will be Hi increase ihe consKfcrable 
i lAmw of already canled ouiCvcrnmieTtr and Bidusm m 
teap ot Ihe rwPMMcMeaplnitaiwn of BiraiiiioflS and wsdree 
ntemben of the I nnerMty nil contracts paienu and inniter mauen. 

\ lee Chancdkir. Sr )ohn Kingman. 

TheEntwssfui appticam b B hatetriwart mariaidg and 


- iWe rajdcSv b aajutre. an Dnderstanfflngof rete%-are soenufic and 
tediracal iawwksfct The Imiul sabo 'ril noil* tea ihan£P,<»0px 
gmprawdlw mpoiaiWL The apjwWuwiil wfflbefwan initial 

period of ftreyais and win be etpeead id aira-io costs from the 

Fnnherp 2 rtnttasanMlefn<n the Kegtftrxf Secrttan- 
University of Bristol. Senate Brwse. Bristol BS8 ITH. tunhom 
•• sqipUaBonsaretobesnaf* 50h Wmian I9S6 Please ipaxe 
reference JHMWJMC 

c £12, 000 



If you graduated around three yeareogc- and 
are now VwMng S»a diaBen^ng Uarogemert 
role with real prospects Io develop your career 
then we would fihe to hear from you. 

York International United are a worid 
leader in the Manufacture and Marketing of 
Industrial Refrigeraton and AirConditioning 
systems As a result of internal re-organisation 
and a very heahhy demand kir our products 
we're now looking for Mechanical Engineering 
graduates who have already spent around 
3 years in a demanding ids and now wtsh to 
move into a Management position. 

Responsible tot organising and controlling a 
department of arouna 20 people to meet 
production targets wtttrmbwieetconocils 
You wiaiso May a significant role in the 
imptemertfahnn M d ManufcKturmg Resource 
Pmmnu ^vstem dunng 1986. 

Respons*le tor Mar^mg complete 

heficewer operamgeompany with bases 
throughout the UKDuetoexpansnn. two 
vacan ct esforChiefEngineerposttkxishave 


£16,500 - £18,000 pa 




Have you the 

get op and go to keep tip with 
our expansion? 

Negotiable salary 
+ benefits 




Aircraft Component 
NEG.C. £13000 

An oppor t unity to prog r ess 

in Buying Management 

a^ad between 35 arid 45 and be afate to 
d emur saate a proven record ofservme in the 
aviation industry 

The main job function bto1eq>ibe 
hehcopter fleet cweraronaL This wfll be 
achieved through good leadership, strong 
management, an cftheabfliiY to develop and 
mstafl systems and procedu-es that, while 
meeting CAA requirements, wffl enhance the 

GtibankSavirgs is the UK consumer finance 
subsidiary of CSicorp, a leaefing banking 
organbation that strifes tisreputation on 
Innovative products, bachedby the best 
resources and aggressive marketing policies. 

Oar latest successes in cheque products 
have created an exceSemoppommitY for an 
ambitious, young Manatee emenerxed in 
W^iqualiy customer service uaison. 

Thejcfc s to lead a team of 8. keeping a 
watchful eye over the level and quaSy of dient 
communications and record-keeping, whtie 
maintaining the very high standards we've set 
in the mduov For tfnx your relevant financial 
qual&ffljorBwtil be an essential basis. 

Wei measure you by your ad u e v ements as 
much as by your axhty and professional 

aflfludes because an environment in 

which all of these wdl be fufiyarerdsed 

Our client wishes to appoint a Product Group 
Buyer for h» operation in the Northern Home 

working dosdy with brth Sales and 
Manufacturing and leading a team of Design 
Draughtsmen to ensure theproftfablc 
completion of major Sales Contracts. 

Boththese positions carry a very 
competitive salary and benefits padage 
including relocation assistance where 

If you have the necessary’ drive to meet this 
dialleiige and wish to make an important step 
m vour career development please write with a 
ft ill cv to- Graeme Lever; 

York International Limited. Gardiners Lane South. 
Basildon. Essex SS14 3HETeJ 0268 287676. 



company's operating efficiency. An attractive 
remunerative package and an excellent 
contributory pension scheme are offered 
Apply in confidence, in writing, with a 
detailed cv. to-. Ken Curt. Personnel Consultant, 
quoting reference 403. Professional Personnel 
Consultants limited, 
v > - Godwin House. 

Jt J j Pii George Street. Huntingdon. 
rjrfUk CamBs PE186BU. 

Please list companies you do 
not wish your a ppfication to 
be forwarded to. 

Frofetstonaf Personnel Conwhati Lira it wl 

In reJurn for the considerable initiative and 
independence we will expect of you. you'll find 
our career oppominfties both exceptional in 
breadth- and fasL 

The rewards for this position are geared to 
the expectations of ambitious professionals 
who are determined to make x to the top. In 
addition to a very competitive salary, a 

medical and me assurance and non- 
contributory pension scheme. 

To find out more, please write, endosmga 


procurement in an en tnronmera where 
customer requirements are to MOD and CAA 
standards. You must fijfly understand that 

(probably early thirties), to take charge of this 
impanara and busy area of manufacturing. 
Heor she vriB provide the driving force to 
ensure ir achieves as procurement and 

buying acfivflits. rndudrnq contract ne^cLuiiion. 
order placemen! and progress inveraoiy 

conmiL and thedevefopmenx ofefiective and 
responstve buyir^admmistrative systems. 

you should be qualified io degree, or 
equivalent ievd in a relevant discipline and 
your prewiB experience should include 
reaponsfogky fora st g afont area of 

floor is the highest pnority. 

Know1ec£e of the adrerafl component 
industry anoexperience of operating 
computer- based shop Boot scheduling 
systems, is an advantage 

Ifyou have the experience and personal 
drive needed for this key position, please wrse 
quoting ref 4352/DT to- Tony Shuhret, 
uoxon Dolphin & Kertxy Ud. 

* rAvrW I 17S-2C2 Great Portland 
/VlUAUJN Street. London WIN 5TB. 


l’ [/rnDV you do not wish your 
Q£ i\L 4\QI I Hi application sent. 



C .£18,0011 + Car 

Secomak Air Products is the market 
leader in a number of specialist 
manufactured products. The company 
is very profitable, has outstanding 
management ratios and is a member of 
the highly successful Halma Group. 
We are seeking a Financial Director to 
join a Board that enjoys considerable 
autonomy. The successful candidate 
will have manufa cturing experience, is 

North West London 

likely to be an A.C.A. of above average 
ability aged between 25-35, and will 
be expected to play an important part 
in shaping the company's future. An 
early task will be to review and replace 
all the company’s computer systems 
and equipment 

The comprehensive package of 
benefits includes a share scheme. 

Please reply in strict confidence* with full CV. to: 
Mr. C.Q. Smnmerhayes, Divisional Chief Executive, 
SPC House, Evington Valley Road, Leicester LE5 5LU 


NERALAPPOINIMENTS g Trade 01-278 9161/5 

Senior Consultant 

Management Consultant Recruitment 

London based j 
up to £25,000 + car "1 

Resourcing a human asset based organis- 
ation with a reputation among its clients for the 
excellence of its people and the quality of its 
services is an exciting professional challenge. 

Price Waterhouse, a leading international 
business advisory and management consultancy 
organisation, is poised for substantial further 
growth within the consultancy practice. This 
growth will be achieved by attracting, retaining 
and motivating more top calibre professionally 
qualified and experienced people in such 
diverse disciplines as information technology', 
treasury management and banking, tele- 
communications. manufacturing technology, 
as well as finance and accounting, and human 
resource management. 

You will join a small team of professionals 
dedicated to the recruitment of management 
consultants. You will be expected to make a 
significant personal contribution in terms of 
workload as well as flair and skill in identifying 
and seeking out the scarce resources on 
which our practice depends. 

Vbu will be aged 28-35 your background will 
include a good first degree, and membership 
of a professional institution. Vbu will have at 
least 4 years experience in recruiting 
professional/graduate personnel to middle/ 
senior management level: an understanding of 
modem assessment methods: and preferably 
an involvement in the broader aspects of the 
personnel management function such as 

manpower development and training. 

>bu will join at Senior Consultant level with a 
remuneration package consisting of negotiable 
salary, plus company car, BUFtt and pension 
scheme. Career opportunities will be available 
through our executive selection and human 
resource consultancy group. 

if you are interested in developing a 
consultancy career from this base, send 
personal and career details quoting reference 
MCS/8038 to: Peter Humphrey, 

Price Waterhouse 
Management Consultants 
Southwark lowers 
32 London Bridge Street 
London SEL9SY 

Price Waterhouse 

We’re Looking For The Best 
Telephony Engineers To 
Work in Florida, USA 

At Siemens, we’re shaping the future with continued development of our 
advanced computer controlled digital switching systems (voice & data) for public 
telephone networks. 

This could be your chance to develop exciting new systems that transmit voice & 
data simultaneously over the same line. It takes outstanding individuals working 
in a creative environment to push the limits of technology. 

Right now. our Public Switching Division in Florida is developing microprocessor- 
based digital switching systems for the International and North American 
markets. Representatives from Siemens will be in London. January 29th and 30th, 
conducting local interviews for achievement-oriented, experienced telephony 
engineers — professionals with a technical university degree and a major 
emphasis and a minimum of 2 years experience in Central Office Switching. 
Opportunities exist in the following areas: 

■ Telephony Data Base 

■ Custom Calling Features 

a Switching System Requirements 

■ Architecture Design 

■ Call Processing S/W Development 

B C. O. Training 
B Project Management 
B Technical Sales (C. O. Background Only) 

B Technical Marketing Support 
B Installation-After Sales Support 

With more than one million lines in 17 countries, Siemens can offer you the global 
strength of a world leader. Positions will be at our R&D facility located in Boca 
Raton, on Florida's Atlantic coast — where you’ll find the charm and friendliness 
of a small town nestled in a fast growing, high-tech community - with Low, Low 
taxes and cost of living. 

To switch to a career brimming with excitement and challenge, excellent salary, 
benefits and more for you and your family — Make the Siemens Switch. To 
establish an interview, please send your CV In English, Including telephone 
number to: Siemens Communication Systems, Inc., c/o J. Walter Thompson 
Company Ltd., 40 Berkeley Square, London W1X SAD, England prior to J an. 28th, 
1986. All hirees are provided visa, family relocatlon/settllng-In expenses, U.S. 
salaries and comprehensive benefits. Equal Opportunity Employer m/f/v/H. 


*&) w« 



Historic Buildings 8c Monuments 
Commission for England 



English Heritage (the more popular name for the Historic Buildings and Monuments 
Commission for England), was established to help to secure die preservation of 
historic buildings, conservation areas and ancient monuments throughout England 
We are funded by Government but independent of it. 

The Head oJ Conservation wil] lead those groups of officials who advise the 
Commission and implement policy in respect of historic buildings, conservation 
areas of our cities, towns and villages and ancient monuments (other than those such 
as Stonehenge, Dover Castle and ffievanbc Abbey which the Camntif sjon manages 

The sort of person we are locking for will be interested in and committed to the 
cause of conserving our heritage and must be capable of managing people, money 
and projects and have the ability to get dungs done. The Head of Conservation will 
report to the Chief Executive. 

Salary starting at £33345 rising to £30,445. 

Fbr further details and an application form (to be returned by 22 February 1586) write 
to Civil Service Commission, Alencon Link, Basingstoke, Hants XG21 1 JB, or telephone 
Basingstoke (0356) 468551 (answering service operates outside office hoars). 

Please quota ret G/6760. 

English Heritage is an equal opportunity employer 


\ r £ i 

• vv • 


Graduate Career 

£8,000 Central London 

An opportunity to develop your management 
potential as a 


Your role as part of this small closely-knit team will be to 
assist the MD, involved with an increasing portfotio clients 
at a time of planned growth in business. Fteodbflrty is Im- 
portant to appreciate the need for your administrative du- 
ties and to tackle them efficiently. 

Yaw training will encompass not only aspects of the Indus- 
try but also such areas as one-to-one interviewing, market- 
ing and advertising. 

As Accountancy Recruitment Consultants we have a high 
reputation in London and the Home Counties and you win 
be the first step in our expansion programme. The chal- 
lenge should attract an ambitious graduate who has a mini- 
mum of 1 year's office experience and who can grasp the 
opportunities offered within this entrepreneurial environ- 

Please write with CV to 
Jeff Adcock 

Adcock Simkin Recruitment 
20-22 Bedford Row, WC1R 4EB. 

Staff Manager 

We wish to appoint a Deputy Staff Manager lor 

our Department Store at Brent Cross, which employs 
several hundred staff. 

several hundred staff. 

The successful applicant, male or female, will be 
responsible lor a wide range of work, including staff 
recruitment, interviewing, wage administration and 
dealing with a variety of day to day personnel 
matters. An essential requirement is at least 3 years' 
relevant experience ideally gained in a retail 
environment, it is unlikely that anyone tinder the age 
of 25 vears will have the necessary experience. 

The salary offered will match the 
responsibilities of the job, together with a generous 
superannuation scheme and tree life assurance. 

Please write enclosing full details of career to 
date, including current 

salary, addressing your 
letter to the 
Managing Director. 
Fenwick Limited, 

Brent Cross Shopping 
Centre. London NW43FN. 



To manage the Society's environmental programme, 
he/she will act as Secretary to the Committee for the 
Environment and Related Committees and win be respon- 
sible for giving effect to their programmes of conferences, 
seminars awards and other initiatives, he/she will be 
assisted by 2 ton time and 1 part time staff and ivHI be 
expected to secure finance for the programme of work. 

Candidates for the post, which arises on the promotion of 
the current holder to Deputy Secretary should be at least 
30 years of age and should have a relevant qualification or 
experience or both. Initial salary c£1 2,300. The post is full 
time and the starting date is expected to be 19th May, 

25 days annual leave and Interest free season ticket loan. 

Details of the post may be obtained from Mr James 
Richardson, RSA., John Adam Street, London WC2N 6EZ. 

The dosing date is 4th February. 1986. 


Our diem, a leading international bank, has brandies in 24 coun- 
tries worid-wde and is the principal subsidiary of a Los Angeles- 
based financial services company with assets of S30 billion. 

based financial services company with assets of $50 billion. 

London is their European HQ: Research + Market Development is 
headed up by an international economist who now seeks an Econ- 
omics graduate with ingenuity end curiosity to assist him in the 
production of 2 new regular market commentaries. The successful 
candidate will be literate in Economics/Finance with the ability to 
interpret statistics, analyse diverse financial journals and write 

succinctly under the pressure of defflJSres. You w9 also need pro- 
ven organisational flair, shorthand and knowtedoe of W.P. Can- 

ven organisational flair, shorthand and knowtedQe of W.P. 
guages usefuf. 

Salary E10.000ysi2.000 + M.S. + banking benefits. 

Please call:- 

5** 3535 

Crone CorkiU 

fWergftmwt ComAanti 

IB Eldon Street EC2 



c. £13,000 -£15,000 

As part of the development of a tong term systems strategy, there is a 
requirement to strengthen the Information Senriras area with the following 
experienced personnel:- 

TWO O & M ANALYSTS are required to join the O & M Department, which 
has activities in Business Analysis, procedural reviews, microcomputers 
and word processing. At least three years practical experience is required 
for these posts. 

TWO ANALYST PROGRAMMERS within the B usiness Systems 
Department, responsible for developing IBM mainframe and PC based 
information systems, utilising the fotowing products: Cofaof, Mark IV, 

Mark V, CICs, DLL Answer/DB, Datamanager. 

An experienced DATA ADMINISTRATOR to head a newly created data 
administration function, utilising the fbltowingpnxItK^PiiokrtAnalystand 
Datamanager to support a Company wide Business Analysis project and 
the implementation of an Information Centre. 

The successful candidates wffl be expected to make an Immediate 
contribution, working initially as part of the team currently reviewing the 
entire Company’s information requirements. 

Applicants must be capable of assuming immediate responsibility 
communicating m both verbal and written form. Experience in the Finance 
and/or Insurance sector would be an advantage. 

Those are challenging positions, offeringexceltent career prospects in the 
successful and gpMfog American International Group. 

Fbr an application form, please contact- 
Mrs Louise Smeeth 
fPpA/il Recruitment Officer 

/TlVYj American International Underwriters UK Ltd 

2/8 Altyre Road, Croydon, 

1111 Surrey, CR92LG 

1 Telephone: 01 -680 7141 



English by 
Radio and Television 
Central London 
£17,006 — £21,777* 

self-financing activity of the BBCs External 
SenriceS, teaches English to stuctents world- 
wide via rarfio broadcasts from London, and 
also by product and marketing throughout 
tee world, -TV series, video and audio 
courses, wite supporting pubticafions. 

We now wish to appoint a Chief Assistant 
(Business), who wil act as deputy for the 
Head of Service, and who wiB spearhead the 
Service’s progression to profitable operation 
for all commercial activities. 

As you wffl be managing all English by 
Radio and Television sates activities (publish- 
ing, licencing, marketing and new project 
investment), you wiU need to have beW a 
senior management position, ideally in a 
related business environment (eg. publishing] 
involving overseassaJes. 

Educated to degree level, you should be 
professionally qualified in business, finance 
or commercial law: We would also expect 
you to be well travelled with linguistic ability, 
have an appreciation of educational afrns 
and be poNDcafly aware. (Ref. S071/T) 


Radio Northampton 
£10,355 -£14,024* 

Plus a Bo wanes of £971 pa. 

To join tee newsroom team working 
primarily on the preparation and production 
of tee stations news and current af^rs 
programmes, including newsreading, 
Interviawbig and reporting. In addition, you 
may produce feature programmes and take 
part in announcing duties. You must have 
journalistic experience as a sub-editor or 
reporter, a good microphone voice and a 
current driving licence. (Ref. 9066/T) 

We are an equal 
opportunities employer 

Re loca ti o n expenses considered. 

“New salary range Iron 1st March 1886. 
Contact us brenedlatety for appBcadon form 
(quote appropriate ref. and enclose SAe.) 
BBC Appointments, London W1 A 1AA. 

TeL 01-927 5799. 


Due to expansion, an opening now exists with the Internal Audit Depart- 
ment of a major Wall Street Brokerage/Investment Firm. Successful candi- 
dates will: 

1 Be a qualified Accountant having at least three years auditing experience 
with a Big 8 Firm. 

2 Have a well proportioned background in Banking, Brokerage and 

3 Demonstrate sound business sense in identifying problems and rec- 
ommending solutions. 

4 Possess excellent oral and written skills. 

5 Be capable of working with minimum supervision and w illing to travel 
25% of the time. 

Career prospects are excellent for those not only with the necessary exper- 
tise to undertake this important role, but also with the flexibility and com- 
mitment to contribute to this challenging and dynamic environment. Com- 
pensation will not be a limiting factor for the right candid a te . 

Please write with a comprehensive curriculum vitae and daytime number to 

Miss Sally Merchant, Bache Securities (U.K.), 9 Devonshire Square, Lon- 
don EC2M4HP. 


r r Donnelley &Sons Company Limited 

fj MtnVi«T •/ A R. Donnelley VSons Company, Chicago) 


? Cam f aa 'i United committed to maintain that market- 

r ^ 


. ■'-V 




35 INJew Broad Street, London ECSM 1 NH 
Teh OI -5S8358B orO*!-.5BS 3576 
Telex l\lo. 887374 Fax PJo. D1-63B 92 n G 

A key position In a rapidly expanding division of an estabUstwif Group wfth Directorship 
• pr o sp ect s m 3^ years 





appointment, we invite applications from candidates, aged 26-32, with & least 5 years 
appropriate experience of project finance, preferably within a merchant bank to join a small team . 
speciafeing in the fmandng of complex property investment deals.' Our dfents are market leaders in the 
interface between the private and pubBc sectors, using a broad range of funding instruments lor property 
development in an imaginative, commercial and highly professional manner. The successful candidate, 
reporting to the Managing Director, win have strong entrepreneurial skills and the abflity to spot trends and 
communicate effectively at ail levels, both in-house and with efients ft Is not expected that the successful 
applicant will be currently earning less than £30. 000 p.a. An attractive salary is negotiable + car, 
contributory pension, free fife assurance, free family B. U.P A arid assistance with removal expenses if 
necessary. Applications in strict confidence under reference PFP4398fn\ to the Manarpng Director CJA. 

A unique opportunity to make a significant mark in bulkfing up a treasury function with very 
\ substantial support - scope to become a Director within 3-5 years. 





TWs newly structured appointment calls for candidates, aged 25-35, who have achieved a minimum of 3 
years successful experience in the treasury function in a company utifislng modem treasury management 
techniques. Reporting to the Managing Director, the successful appBcant will be responsHe for the 
development of a treasury management consultancy service to clients from both within the firms's 
substantial existing cSent base and to future potential clients using the firm's wide-ranging investment 
service?. The ability to innovate and a commmencial flair are essential qualities, ft is not expected that the 
successful applicant will be currently earning less than £30,000 p.a. An attractive salary is negotiable + 
car, contributory pension, free fife assurance, free family B.U.PA, assistance with removal expenses if 
necessa^. Applications in strict confidence under reference TSM 104/TT, to the Managing Director ALPS 

Key appointment for a senior and a utho rit a tive pubfishing/editorfa] manager to realise the potential 
of Tte Stock Exchange’s varied publications and to manage a new imprirrt venture. 


£25,000— £30,000 + car 


The ‘new look' Stock Exchange is in the business of optimising and developing its marketable resources. 
As part of this process, we invite appficalions from graduates or equivalent aged 35-45, who have had 
substantial pttoBshing experience operating with a high degree of professional autonomy, with 
management accotxrtabifity both for developing existing and commissioning new publications. The 
selected candidate, who will report to the Assistant Director of Policy and Markets, will be responsible, in 
toe broadest terms, tor toe development of The Stock Exchange's publishing activities. These 
responsibilities include: developing a commercial policy, extending the range and volume of activity, 
increasing tooome. reducing unit costs and establishing consistartty high standards of design and 
presentation. Essential qualities are autfiority in the pubficafions world together with' a proven ability to 
produce results. Initial salary negotiable £25,000 - £30,000 plus car, non-contributory pension, free life 
assurance, free BUPA and fully paid season ticket Alternatively a 2-3 year non-pen^onaWe appointment 
wfth sim Bar terms and a generous end bonus can be arranged. AppGcations in strict confidence undo’ 
reference HP 4397/TT to the Managing Director CJA. 

w in highly competitive business environment 
nstant Director within 12-18 months. 

Scope to be appointed. 


CITY £23,000 -£28,000 + benefits 


A leading name In the International Capital Markets 

We ktvSe applications from personnel professionals in their late 20’s or early 30’s with a degree or 
equivalent and preferably several years experience in an international banWng environment or with a major 
financial institution. The selected candidate, who wiH have a genuine interest in and a broad understanding 
of finance, w» report to and work closely with the Personnel Manager. Responsibilities will be widely 
drawn; recrufimart and s t af f in g — including taktog charge of the Back’s annual graduate recruitment 
prograrrene; training and development; also planning and general personnel adfrinistration. A knowledge 
of expatriate assignm e nt and compensation policies will be a distinct advantage. Somd commercial 
judgement is essential as are leadership qualities, enthusiasm and toe ability to generate new ideas 
creatively. WeB developed communication skills and the ability to relate to senior fine management are also 
key factors. Initial base salary is the £23,000 -£28; 000 range plus generoufcbanking benefits Inducing 
subsisted mortgage facilities. Applications In strict confidence, with fufi C.V„ under reference 
SPB17384/Trwffl be forwaded unopened to our client uritesroompanies to which an application should 
not be sent are feted in a covering letter marked for toe attention of toe Security Manager CJRA. 


01-5883588*01*5883576. TELEb 807374 FU: 01-6388216 



Business Research 

Knightsbridge £11, 000 -£14,000 

A l ar ge nn en a naial management consultancy, PA provides 
wide- nmg j M q-rgypy 10 nml rinaricpal organisations. 

lb meet the Hi-maivk of rHfo expanding market, we n e e d 
ad ditional Business Researchers 10 be responsible for monitoring 
a small mmTigr of industries, developing in-depth analyses, and 
assisting in consultancy projects. - 

Probably aged 23-35, with a good degree, you must have 
proven ex p e rienc e in a business re search activity. Business 
■"arenas, creativity and a sense of humour are key reqirirerneais 
in a job often with demanding timescales. 

Salary s geared mage and experience and opportunities exist 
to progress into consultancy. 

Please send hill cv, including current salary details, to- 
Pmny Noble, JYrsonnd Officer, PA Consulting Services Limited, 
Hyde Park House, 60a Knightsbridge, London SW1X7LE. 



Senior Design Assistant 

One of our Senior Partners urgently requires a highly 
motivated person to }ofn his team of Design Assistants. 
The work Is demanding and involves constant 
communication wfth clients, suppliers and admin staff. 
Typing, reasonable numeracy and an appreciation of 
architecture and antiques essential Only those with 
previous interior design experience at this level should 

Extremely good salary, 4 weeks holiday, bonus and 
staff discounts. 

For further details please ring 01 -493 2231 or write with 





We are a rapidly growing business research and planning 
consultancy. Based in New York and London, we work for 
major efieros such as Shell International. Rockwell, TSB. 
Warner Communications and Honda. 

We wish to recruit raw or recent graduates, preferably 
fluent h a 2nd European language, who are I terate , 
numerate, can effectively communicate, and can demon- 
strate a nature appro ach. The work involves "field 
research, travel, analysis and presentation at high levels of 

Please write, enclosing CV and photo to: 

Mr Paui Dale, Managing Director, Planned Business 
Development (IHQLttt, 60 Okt Brampton Road, London. 
■ SW73LQ. - 



SALARY RANGE £19^)00-E21 i OODf 

Tha Authority which ann an tanor oky potajupn wWi si nwri i 
txjtfgot of BA6 mBIon to waking to appoint an sxpwtoncM managw 

Tha Authority which aanm an Inner oky popiatton nMi si anrxW mams 
budget at B*6 mflton b waking to appoint an expwiancM manags tor lha 
Prfartb Santoaa Ur*. Tha manaflfanant qomponant »* Indus tfw ua y cH at ifc 
and jnante landfcap wvfcw OMfct (budget O mOor& tts maor task 
wB ha tna d —fc p— t ot tonal sendees to sffsef the tranafar oi paflenw from 
(ong-atay ho^tabouaktothoastncL 

mU BCBO &pNrwy rCTKKjrCa Bia 

Tha appokmnart wS be lor an MtfaJ S year (bad wm. ranawteJa by mutual 

Tha a ppu a au a m wffl be tor an rmteJ 3 year ftomd tarn, rnremahla by mutoal 
agmoRWiLCMdara «81 ba mMusad h acconhncs with HCfflnfi. 

Woraw tfscusstoni wefcomod by Brian Hantaon. Dterta OanaraiMinaov |0t- 


tota l uaBu n and a ppfc a lta n farm avaMA bone Mra S. Baker, AdtoG Dbvtot 
ftraormaf Oncar. Dtetrtat Offlcos. WhMMon Hospital, K&tgatt Wtog. 
Dmrtmouiti tark M. London M19 SNF.Tab 01-2723OT0 axi 4] IB/JtSSL 
Clostng cadi: 3rd Fataruary, 13?® - - 

‘Trade 01-278 9161/5 

Apply your IT or financial 
planning skills in the Midlands 

As rhe UK’s largest and most rapidly expanding 
firm of management consultants. Coopers 8c Lvbrand 
Associates is developing a major Midlands presence. 
Working on complex assignments in the public and 
private sectors, our consultants assist a wide range of 
companies - from multinationals to small familv 
businesses - to confront the challenges of technology 
and financial change. 

We need further highly-motivated professionals to 
reinforce this broad operational base. In a fast-moving 
environment, our requirements are precise. 

We require IT specialists with a good academic 
background who can demonstrate exceptional achieve- 
ment in this field, to assist in the expansion of our 
burgeoning IT and data processing practice. You will 
bave extensive practical experience of the application 
of IT to business problems, perhaps implementing 

major systems or running a DP installation. 

In the field of financial consultancy we’re looking 
for qualified accountants, currently holding senior posi- 
tions in industry, who can apply their financial 
applications and planning experience to our cliencs’ 

Whatever your background, you will be aged 
between 26 and 33, possess a good track record, have wide 
experience and good communication skills. Working 
from our Birmingham office you can expect a salary 
package of up to £30k plus car and the chance of rapid 
career development. If you think you can add to our con- 
sulting strength in this expanding area, please send a full 
career resume including a daytime telephone number, 
quoting Ret" T05/24 to: Mike Powell (for IT) or Bob 
Bradford (for Financial Services). Coopers & Ly brand 
Associates, 43 Temple Row, Birmingham B2 5JT. 



For business committed to growth. 

Credit Insurance 
and Surety 

Ability to interpret financial statements of 
a company, the complexities of corporate 
finance, international trade and 
contractual relationships, with 
communication skills (incl. 
correspondence) are, inter alia, all 
essential features for an interesting, and 
potentially rewarding, career. 

Candidates, late 20’s/early 30‘s with 
appropriate qualifications and/or 
graduates of relevant disciplines, will, 
either directly or indirectly, be conversant 
with our activities and the principles 
which are entailed. 

Applications with c.v.'s, appropriate to 
the requirements stated above, should 
be addressed to: Managing Director, 
Credit and Guarantee Insurance 
Company Limited, Colonial House, 
Mincing Lane, London EC3R 7PN. 





£18,000 plus benefits 

We are an established Insurance Company 
underwriting a specialised category of pecuni- 
ary loss business. 

The candidate we are seeking will be required 
to assume responsibility for the corporate and 
financial ramifications of the Company report- 
ing directly to the Chief Executive. Account- 
ancy or legal background, with appropriate 
professional qualifications, is essential. The 
preferred age is late 20’s/early 30‘s. 

The scope of this senior appointment will also 
embrace other wide ranges of interesting duties. 
We are envisaging that the further prospects 
will be exceptionally attractive in the short/, 
medium term for a candidate with the ability to 
become a contributing member of our existing 
management team. 

Reply with full c.v. and recent photo to Box No 
1287 W The Times. 


London Subsidiary of Leading Wall Street 
Investment Banking Firm 
Controllers Department 

Career Development Programme for outstanding University graduates 

We are searching tor a select few who have the intelligence, discipline and initiative to 
dedicate all of their skills and energy to pursuing a unique career in the international 
securities industry 

The role of the Controllers' Department Is to provide timely and accurate information for 
monitoring the firm 's financial performance and making important business decisions. The 
department is organised into business unit conirollerships which maintain close, daily 
contact with each ot the firm's mayy trading areas. 

Our Programme Offers: 

0 An outstanding compensation programme. We offer a starting salary significantly 
above that which most graduates can obtain in other entry level posrtions. 
Thereafter we reward staff strictly according to performance and their ability to lake 
on increasingty complex responsibilities. 

0 A means ot establishing a high growth career in a challenging industry. We otter a 
significant amount of training in both accounting and in the securities industry, plus 
■ the opportunity to work with exceptionally talented securities industry and 
accounting professionals. 

0 The objective of the three year training programme is to produce professionals with 
practical accounting skills and the knowledge to use them as a tool to approach 
business problems. 


Individuals selected for this programme will have performed with distinction during their 
academic careers and be anticipating an excellent university degree. Analytic and 
numerate skills are essential. 

Please send a comprehensive C.V. and a covering letter in which you outline your reasons 
for applying tor this programme. 

Mrs. Lynn Hopping 
Morgan Stanley International 
Commercial Union Building 
1 Undershaft 
Leaden halt Street 
London E.CJ 




TWs is a very interesting opportunity wfth the British 
Ports Association, the organisation representing the 
Interests of port authorities and employers to the 
Government and other external bodies, 
ft calls for a bright, numerate graduate, idea tty but not 
essentially with two years relevant work on degree- 
related experience who can also demonstrate excellent 
communication stalls. 

You wflJ have a wide- ranging brief covering personnel 
affairs and industrial relations. Involving you In 
research, manpower surveys, disputes procedures, 
recruitment and report writing. 

We offer a salary c. £8,000, and benefits which 
include 22 days holiday and contributory pension 

If you’d welcome the chance to' develop your skills and 
Insight into a challenging and changing industry, write 
with CVto: 

MR A. C. Morton. 

Personnel & Administration Manager, 
British Ports Association. 
Commonwealth House, 

1-19 New Oxford Street, London WC1A 1DZ 


One of the largest computer manufacturers in the UK is currently looking to recruit 
three key marketing executives to contribute to a period of expansion. 


This is an excellent opportunity for product managers looking to expand and broaden 
their career in a large company environment. You will be involved in the full range of 
product marketing activities moving into market positioning and strategic planning, 
ideally, you will have an in-depth understanding Df the Unix marketplace and will be 
keen to move quickly into full marketing management. 


To head up a rapidly expanding division within the strategic planning department. You 
will need exceDent creative and communicative skills. You will be a catalyst with the 
drive to get things done and will enjoy presenting corporate and product specific 
campaigns to senior decision makers. Crucially you will appreciate the current 
business opportunities within networking and will be able to employ promotions to 
capitafise on them. 


Two roles exist for strategic marketing executives who are self-motivated and project 
orientated. Firstly, planning assaults upon either significant competitors or potential 
corporate accounts. Secondly, working on base accounts, promoting add on products 
(EG OA) and services. Bote roles demand that you are an analytical planner, highly 
competitive and are able to utilise an available marketing resources to meet set 
objectives. Crucially, you will be at ease with sales people and will understand the 
complexities of selling into major accounts. 

Contact Chris Matchan or 

send a full curriculum vitae. _ « •oiratf'MKa D 

==s. \ tPP oun*&*a 

7 ■ £45- ■ h4;-- ■ : tY ■ v:.v. ‘ 


Expanding Marketing Company requires tele- 
sales staff for new West End offices. If you're 
ambitious enthusiastic, self-motivated and 
need to sam'£250 per week plus. 

Callus nowon: 

01-499 3622 



Applications are invited for the above London-based position in the Association's Student 
Services Department. 

The Association has over 71.000 students located in 130 countries, and some 29.000 

the successful applicant for this new post wit! be responsible for the information service 
provided for prospective students and will provide assistance with the production of 
promotional brochures and information leaflets, ns well as und ertakin g a range of general 
administrative duties. Applicants should be graduates who can write well and would 
welcome the opportunity of working as part of a young and enthusiastic team- 
The salary wiH be within the range £7,500-£9.500 p.a. 

Full rigtailn and application forms may be obtained from Mr. John Donovan, the Chartered 
Association of Certified Accountants, 29 Lincoln’s Inn Fields, London, WC2A 3EE (Teh 01- 

The dosing date for receipt of applications is Monday, 10 February. 1986. 



On behalf of Major City based Merchant and 
International Banks we seek the following:- 

ement Consultancy I sde* aw Leasing 

1 w a fetes Aid Markefi'na Soecialisi. aaed 29-35 

c.f 25,000 Pins Full 
Benefits Package 

Age 30 to 35 

To £25k & car 

We are a leading UK based international 
management consultancy offering a wide 
range of services to commerce and industry: 

Expansion and promotion have produced a 
requirement for additional qualified. 

experienced professionals in property and 
construction based in London. 

We require: 

— Good degree and membership of RIC5. 

— At least 3 years relevant experience. 

— Analytic and numerate approach. 

— Willingness to challenge established views. 

— Proven and demonstrable track record. 

— Ability to w rite dear and concise reports. 

The people we appoint will be able to 
operate effectively on projects in the UK 
and overseas and in the private and public 
sectors. They should have broad experience, 
including implementing computer systems, 
in one or more of the following areas: 

® Property management, 
a Building maintenance, 
a Bonding project estimating, 
cost control and management. 

If you are resident in die OK and would like 
us to consider you, please send a brie f CK 
including remuneration h istory, ana a _ 
covering letter quoting reference PCM/T2, 
selling yourself to Dr. Colin Robinson, 

Pent, Marwick. Mitchell & Co.. Management 
Consultants, 1 Puddle Dock, Blackfriars , 
London EC4V3PD. 


As market leaders in international Search and Selection we have an urgent require- 
ment for an ambitious graduate with commercial acumen. 

Responsibilities will include the development of our expanding International client base 
via effective monitoring of national press and specialist publications, and the organisation 
of discussions with senior level executives in the Banking, Finance and Information Tech- 
nology sectors. 

Successful candidates will be in their early to mid-20's with Commercial experience, pref- 
erably in a telephone sales environment. 

If you are bright, dynamic and enjoy working as part of a professional team in a progress- 
ive company then pick up the 'phone and call. 

EeverJy Kemp on 01-408 1670 at 
Lloyd Chapman Associates, 

160 New Bond Street 
London W1Y0HR 

'•■Wr ■‘rtf,-— Trips '.- f > '^rt ■’ tV*a» 

Economist/ J oumalist 

for two new regular market commentaries 

Security Pacific Corporation is a Los Angeles- 
cased financial service* company with assets of 
■S50 billion. Its principal subsidiary is Security 
Pacific National Bonk and it has branches in 24 
countries around the world. 

We need a creative and 
Economist] nur-alist who can originate his her 
own res-.-jrch an-d d/aly-i* oi f«vei^n exchange 
and capita! markets. The successful candidate 
will make a L-j contribution lo two new 
reports being published and will also be 
expected to pro ride support to the overall 
marketing effort of the bank. 

Reporing o ■ die editor, you will ideally 
hive skij? gained from direct practical 
experience oi international finandol markets - 
perhaps in a dealing capacity. You must be jble 
to analyst; and interpret factors affecting these 

markets, in addition some experience of 
international treasury management wiH be 

You should be able to write fluently and 
with flair whilst working under the pressure of 
deadlines, Ideally you are likely to have a 
degree, or higher degree, in international 
economics or other relevant qualifications. 

Salary wifl be competitive and based on 
your experience. The appointment will also 
attract a full range of banking benefits. 

Career details tn be sent to: 
PatrickJ. O'Hara 
Vice President 
Security Pacific 
National Bank 
2 Arundel Street 
London WC2K3DF 

Cement Industry 

Middle East 

c. £35,000 tax free + excellent benefits 

Our client has a substantial investment in 
advanced technology cement manufacture. 
Inspite of compering in a market which has 
excess capacity, the company's sales are 
currently riding on a rising trend and a recent 
strategic review has'shown that there remain 
exciting opportunities for rapid and profitable 

This new appointment represents the first step 
in the beard's plan to realise this potential. The 
appointee will have full support in the pursuit 
of available economies in production costs per 
ton. boosting output and significantly 
increasine market share. 

acquaintance with Middle East markets would 
be a distinct advantage. 

Tax free package includes well furnished family 
accommodation, utilities, car. six weeks annual 

leave, first class family travel once per year. 

Piease write, giving details of age. 
qualifications, experience and salary history, 
quoting ref. 1996/ T, toM. ft P. Blanckenhagen, 
Executive Selection Division. Peal Marwick. 
Mitchell & Co., 165 Queen Victoria Street. 
Blackfriars, London EC4V 3PD. 

The requirement is for considerable general 
management experience in the cement 
manufacturing industry. Extensive 



The Council of the uO* Britain prrijrct ia-.)ic%JDplJial)o«lrQn ruitafch qualified 
linens for tie p«ri(m oi'Pmaci Ditciw. TV. mi»rtaniC!ucf Executive's pro Silh 
is be filled titer U»i* >car on the reUiemcti'. of the present Cm rector after IS i«n* so- 
. (is. The Project is r nyijirrec uunr- and ii wM‘; foneerned wik the resionucn 2nd 

j exhibition of ihr tin’ la/ze iron .team ihip ever built designed b; Brunei and Uundied 
■ 13 Bnstof in IW. The ijticficr co-ordira-as 1)12 actf mrs of Itic senior rtunagnoent 
:are orihii complex isshmcd p-oj m!_ Salary till t>c .tmiHM-. Wnir wj:£ o :o The 
Chairman. Dr Bases Grwr.h'!!. CB. CMC. at 4s Ureal Britain Preicr. lacs Ferry Rd. 
ariitoL BSI hTY. J -«Vs oi'ihr appear ancc of this anno --nwiPcaL 


ntefrts to appoint a new 


This is the senior administrative post tn the National Society 
concerned with the study and protection o? Victorian and Edwardian 
architecture and Other arts. 

Administrative experience and ability essential. Salary negotiable. 

For details contact 

Hie Victorian Society 
1 Priory Gardens, London W4 ITT- 
Tel: 01-99< 1 019 

Sales Aid Marketing Specialist, aged 29-35 yeara. to establish a vendor programme operation. 
Associated technical and back-up skills are essential. 

ACA’s - UK Taxation Neg£18-£25,000 

Graduate ACA's, aged 27-30 years, with experience oi corporate taxation, who are keen to utijise 
their creative fi nano# stalls more tolly, in an agressive banking environment Vacancies exist within a 
Major US Investment Bank. 

Credit Manager £15-£20,000 + Benefits 

Proven experience of the medium ticket leasing market, together with Uw ability to produce nwlepth 
craft proposals and related recommendations. 


Sound teasing knowledge is required to oversee existing middle ticket portfolio and sales aid leasing 
administration. Experience to include systems, documentation, etc. 

Sales Aid Leasing 


First class experience gained within a Major office equipment sales aid Company, and proven ability 
to establish and maintain supplier relationships are pre-requisite qualities for these two new 

Please contact Jill Backhouse or Peter Haynes on 01-623 1266. 



Ri>rniirmi-nr F nnuilt3nr<i * » 


Recruitment Consultants * » 

170 BhhopHgati-, London EC2M 4LX. Tel: 01-62} 1266 


The London Office of the Agent-General for Victoria. Australia is seeking to employ wo suil- 
ablv qualified people to join its economic advisory ream. 

The Agent-General is responsible for promoting business opportunities in the Slate of Victoria 
and applicants will require professiaal experience and initiative. 

Position 1 




Subject to the Director. Economic and Tourist Development, the successful applicant will be 
required to promote and facilitate within the U.K. and Europe investment and economic de- 
vefopmrnt in the State of Victoria. 

Applicants should possess; 

Extensive experience in relevant U.K_/Europc business or banking sectors; a 
sound knowledge of the Victorian financial and economic environment; promoti- 
nal and liaison skills; an innovative approach and to have attained a suitable 
academic level. 

Position 2 

Salary: £ 1 1 .485 - £1 3.653 

Reporting to the Assistant Director. Economic Development. To assist in promoting and facili- 
tating within the UK and Europe investment and economic development in the State of Victo- 

Applicants should possess: 

A thorough knowledge of the industrial and commercial infrastructure of rural 
and urban centres in the State of Victoria, and of Government support facilities 
for industrial development The ability to liaise with senior mangement in bank- 
ing and business and skills in communication are considered essential. To have 
attained a suitable academic level. 

Applications to be lodged with the Office of the Agent-General (envelopes lo be endorsed “Ap- 
plications for Vacancy**) by 4 pm on Friday 3lsl January 1986 addressed to 

Chief Administrative Officer 
Victoria House 
Melbourne Place 

London WC2B4LG 


A competitive examination for the recruitment of English Translators will be held on 23 and 24 
April 19S6 in New York. Geneva. Montreal. Vienna and other locations according to the 
applications received. The purpose of this Examination is to establish a Roster from which present 

and future vacancies will be filled for English Translators. Translators axe expected to serve a 
minimum of fi v e years in a language post. Thcj are subject to rotation and may be assigned to duly 

stations in Africa, Asia. Europe, Latin America and New York. As recruitment may lead to a career 
aoooinunem. the United Nations is looking for candidates who can serve for a substantial number 

appointment, the United Nations is looking for candidates who can serve for a sul 
of years. Applicants must have: 

(a) ENGLISH as their main language: 

(b) J perfect command of ENGLISH and an excellent knowledge of FRENCH and of at least One of 

the other official languages of die United Nations (Arabic, Chinese, Russian and Spanish). 
Knowiege of English and of other official languages claimed should be substantiated in the 
application form. Previous translation experience would be considered an asset; 

icj hold a Degree or an equivalent qualiiicaion from a University or Institution of equivalent status 
at which English is the language of instruction. 

Tra nsla tors are normally offered an initial two year fixed-term appointment at the P-2 level. If these 

initial two years of service are satisfactory, they may be promoted to the P-3 level and given a 
probationary appointment. Starting gross base salary SUS 29. S l S per annum plus Post Adjustment 
(SUS S.069 - net per annum at present but subject to change) and family allowances. 

Further information and application forms may be obtained by writing lo: 

yjsv- Secretarial Recnntmmt Section 

(English Translators Examination) 

W^SjL United Nations 

Palais des Nations 
Ch-1211 Genera 10 
' ' Switzerland 

enclosing a self-addressed envelope, szr at least 9x12 inches, unstamped. Only applicants who meet 
the required criteria are invited to apply- 


ca £17,000 + 2 litre car 

Unique opportunity to join new multi-million, loading-edge technology specialist 
vehicle manufacturer. 

Applicants, aged 28-40, should preferably have a degree or equivalent in 
Computer Science or Business Studies, and have successfully led the 
Implementation of computerised manufacturing control systems. 

Determination, commitment and ability to communicate are essential 
characteristics, and familiarity with DG AOS/VS is advantageous. 

Please telephone for an application form or apply in writing with a fulfCV. to: 

Mrs A Duncan 
Joint Managing Director 
Duncan Vehicles Limited 
Southgate Way 
Orton Southgate 
Cambs PE2 0YG 
Tel: 0733-237371 

applications the fabrication industry. Good experience with 
automated welding techniques wffl be a major adrastage. 
We offer an attractive salary and ofim benefits 
associated vetth a major orgamsatitffi. 



INPUT LTD. an international company providing planning 
and consultancy services tor the information irajustry re- 
quires further sales and marketing staff. 

EUROPEAN SALES - based in London or Europe tee per- 
son wifi be responsible for selling INPUTS services in 
Francs. Germany and Italy. Fluency m languages la an obvi- 
ous advantage. The successful candidate will have a gbod 

ous advantage. The successful candidate w(B have a gbod 
sales track record in trie computer or related industry. 
EUROPEAN MARKETING - baaed in tee London office the 
person will be responsible lor the organisation of regular 
marketing mailinqs, and client contact Experience of tele- 
phone sSfing in tee computer or related Industry Is rieoess- 

Both positions indude attractive base salaries and com- 
mission based upon performance, and other benefits. Can- 
didates are likely to be aged 25-35 with a good education, be 
self motivated and wanting to work in a fast growing dy- 
namic company. 

Please write or telephone enclosing brief 
CV with compensation history to Keith 
Hocking, Managing Director, INPUT LTD, 41 
Dover Street London W1X3RB. 

Telephone 01-493 9335. Ref: TT 1/86. 


**V ,* 4 ; ..r* . *_.f ■' ^ * ' .V 


For our group’s international programme, we are 
looking for professfona/s wfth hanking, investment 
and financial services background particularly in 
business development and marketing. The main 
areas of operation will be Middle East, East Africa, 
Pakistan and Indian sub-continent In-depth know- 
ledge of one of these areas and its language will be 

Remunerations and other terms flexible and nego- 
tiable according to background. Fixed salary and or 
commissions on full time or part-time basis, feas- 
ible. Managers retired from banks, investment or 
insurance and financial services companies, may 
also be considered. 

If interested please write in confidence with full 





Banking Systems Software 
NW Surrey c£ 15 K + car 

This American-owned company Is undergoing a period of 
dramatic growth in the UK, Europe and elsewhere, ft numbers 
many major financial institutions amongst its customers. 

To cope with the accompanying demands on the 
organisation an Administration Manager is required who may 
well be working in another computer house and whose skills 
include premises management, equipment procurement, 
personnel and training, Insurances and contract 
administration. The initial task will be to move the company 
into an adjoining new bunding and supervise the fitting-out 
Other responsibilities will devolve upon the irxflvidual with 
personal and organisational growth. 

Full CVs please to JOHN WEST, 

S/9A Hew Bond Street, i 

London, W1Y9PE. 




B - - WEST 
- &GO. 




SCALE 29 ET&443 

Chief Officer post to tee independent statutory 
Commmea responsible for tee administration of arrangements tor 

ma ivfuheiM r. H n.. rv_ - M . T — 

tee iprevision oi 
of Cumbria. Tht 

of Cumbna. The area has a population of approximately 490000 

262 Family Doctors. 140 Dentists, tOO Charms* 
and 52 Opticians premises. Three District Health Authorities 
provide services within .the area. A major p ro gram ire « 
computerisation of the FPC administration is anticipated during tlw 
next two years. 

Prospective candidates should have a demonstrate record d 
appropriate Management experience and achievement and a 
quaWfcaton. Experience in FPC ) HeaBh 
Serera a^tetrtoionwoiad be an advantage but not B s eerrt»ai. 
eio r 5 6 i by 5 annuel increments after commencement » 
W awards). nh$- SapetatmxBon 
cotKns RekXart0n expenses Payable according to nations 1 

018 P 0 * 3X0 welcome. by tee retiring 
SE SB ffPjjyw R Mills (Tel: 0228 32141 Ext238). . - u 

Appucano n Fom a and further details avallabte from Mr G M 
JSSSi Pefwinei Officer, East Cumbria Health Author^- - 
Ctehberiand Inflnnary, Carlisle (Tel: 0228 23444 Ext «5ffl who * 

acting as the Committee's agent 

oosmg date tar applications: Saturday 15th February 1986. .- ^ 

R^untfa j u st^boki ng? 

Ourj^sean^i and career counsellin g serviees- 
wclndMduaUy tailored to mat thenocdsoFsonlor. 
°®oitlves (men and women) in mid-carecr. and get 
guaranteed. Thor*- . 

4990521 BrfstOi (0272) 21 198T 
(0483) 575090 Banbrny (0295)59885 

Kong Bong (5) 2 125 II ' r 

BBS Scotch and Assessment Seivices Od 
1=1 dew 23 tdgn 5t Bantxin 0X16 BCG 


J \ - m ». 

t V..« *** . 
- ^ J 

V * J 


•*» -i. •* ! W 

•• . +z 
- ^ . 

■ : >4 


Trade 01-278 9161/5 


Kingporaepesign is basedm 13 Walton Street and is 
becoming increasingly' involved in Turnkey Design 
Projects athome and abroad. . • - . 

^Te - are urgently seeking an experienced 
Desi^er/Decocator with a proven track record, who, 
woald iike to help oar young, , enthusiastic team to 
exploit the opportunities presenting themselves and 
is capable of working -with clients at all levels on a 
node/ variety .of . projects bbtji domestic:-. af| d 
commerciaL ■ 

If yon would Eke to-be considered {dense telephone B 
Dtmlop in the first iosbuice, L M Bnpsim ^ .nnitw> i 
304 Enlham Road, London, SW10 9EP. 01-351 3998. 



■ .Woodstock design and suke-lhe finest quality hard wood 
^kitchen*, bedrooms, furniture «nd interiors. We require 
'umher mnurriod talented penon with proven experience to 
meet with our discerning client*, plan and detail work far 
spouftecae svour WCL workshops and take respoosbilir; 
forenore projects, Experience fb high quality joinery an 
«faantage. Jr4i Mfirfrrimi anH fwllnir ITO pmsprfTH. 

Woodstock Furniture- 
London, WGL 01-833 0404. 



Rtire cpportiinity tpjoia hectic marketing department who 
do .not know me difference between night and day or 
unHtntand the meaningof the word “panic”. 

2tWils nota creative appointmen t We need someone to 
coOKfinate commercial advertising, brochures and new 
fdpas. Must be able to liaise at all levels. Related experi- 
WCh wouid be an advantage. '■ 

Apply in writing to: 



20 Grosvnnor HUl, Berkeley Square. London W1. 

IBM Computer Recruitment Consultant 

We are an expanding agency * within the information 
technology industry who dal exclusively with IBM systems 
pro fessionals 

If yon want to move into .this progressive field, axe 
aptbitiotis and articehueread on. 

Yon w£Q be 21-25 perhaps a graduate, more importantly 
with experience of recnntment or personnel -or computers. 
The salary, conditions and career structure offered wifi be 
hard to refine. Contact Jayne Boynton or Graham Gould oa 
01-499 4595, Uaftech, 18 James Street; London, W1M 


A recently established subsidiary of a European 
producer of optics, optoelectronics and fine 
mechanics requires a Sales Manager, who is tech- 
nically able and sales orientated, to bu3d on exist- 
ii^ market share in the UK and Ireland. 

Product Training will be given and the rewards 
offered win match the abilities of the successful 

Applications including full CV. to Box 1819 N, 
The Times 


Nomtner whether yon ai c &eehin g another job or 
coaakkring -a new career; we can provide you with 
effective and professional help. 

Onr service ts tulor-oude to yon* needs and 
dcewBlaiCBi With coverage of both, advertised 
' and unadvertised vacancies, we aim far more 
success — In less time and at less cost. 

. , Pm- a face, co nfi d enti al diseneaon. eenior 
wx urt i if In c i ted- to con tset ns at: 

Mainland ^sss^ssffsff 

Executive Sendees Gnfldfort 0483 - 503555 j 

ESm*& Hoon, 22&&A Sant. Bbialaabaai. ' ^ 

Executive Editor 

Bugness management periodical with international 
audience at director level requires executive editor as 
No 2 to editor-in-chief. Strong managerial skills and solid 
background in management or business journalism 
essential Publishing company is young, small and 
entrepreneurial. Competitive salary and excellent profit 
sharing offere d . Thames Valley location. Please submit 

Box 1581 L, The Times 


overseas. To further their European service they seek an 


to provide information, advice and the occasional action for 
their dtents on EEC poBcms and tegtetaHav . 

The successful cajxfldate wfll have experience of an ^EG 
Institution and of working In French. -Experience with 
Whftahai and West mins ter ts highly desirable. 

Pteasa write In confidence, enclosing anjjp-ttHteta iCV to 
the. consuftaney's. advisers: Future Recruitment.; 83 
ffaflentsPartcRoad, London NW18UR. . . - . .-. . . 

£30,000 + p.a. 

WwtidyeB 0 m to emu this much? . 
tfiou ire baaed te the London area and would BKa to writfara n 
MaoMvtont rmfi nlnnwl Company In the Mo» BW / Pensxn / 

for management and $u> 

- «m,Sow«tmhwihenWw:thmaltv.v- .. 

• . CATHERlNEfiQON 01-734 608tt r : 


Junior Sales OTC £20K + car DBMS Sales OTE£40K+ car 

A number of career opportunities exist for well 
educated people with previous Sates Support or 
minimal micro-sales experience who wish to 
pursue a career in computer sales for efiente in 
* North LONDOK the CITY or CROYDON. If you are 
also a part qualified accountant and under 30 
you would be Ideal 

One of the best names in Relational DBMS 
software package manufacturing with offices 
woridwtda requires an experienced articulate 
sales person tor LONDON who can sell into the 
mainframe/large mini environment. There is 
enormous sales potential as theJr products are 
transportable across virtually all computers. 

IBM Leasing OTE £45K + car Micro Sales O 

Have you considered using your existing IBM rtM Oneafthemostsucce 
mainframe (or DEC MJnfl experience within the with branches in GtrLc 
world of leasing?The ability to put deals together its Business Centres bi 
Is as exeffing errd satisfactory as setting the systems two or more years a 
themselves. A good knowledge of leasing without sates experience. A hlg 
BM experience is also acceptable - Note your at each Branch makes 
earnings can go to six figures. easier lop grade com; 

The Sales Recruitment Specialists 


Trafalgar House, Grenville Place, London, NW7 35A 
Telephone: 01-95? 1198/3611 

Micro Sales OTE £30K + BMW 

One of the most successful franchises in the world 
with branches in Gtr London, is looking to expand 
its Business Centres by recruiting sales staff with 
two or more years successful Business systems 
sates experience. A highly qualified support team 
at each Branch makes your selling job that much 
easier: Top grade company benefits. 

it Specialists Please telephone 


ioce, London, NW735A after hours and at 

t weekends. 




Package up to £22k 

Our client a subsidiary of a major industrial mufti-national, is a 
financial services group employing over 500 people. The group’s 
activities indude merchant banking, investment management, 
factoring, stockbroking and property development 

Fifteen months ago the group acquired one of the UK’s leading 
independent stockbroking firms which has since expanded 
significantly to over 200 staff. 

The acquisition and subsequent growth has highlighted a need to 
rationalise terms and conditions and remuneration and benefits 
structures, as well as establish sound manpower planning and 
management development programmes. Computerised 
personnel systems will be needed to meet these objectives. 
Candidates, of graduate level, aged mid 20s to early 30s, mus’ 
have well developed social skills with the flexibility to relate to 
different styles within the same organisation. Numeracy is 

Experience in a generalist personnel role with a bias towards 
compensation and benefits would be appropriate. 

A background within the financial services sector would be 
advantageous but is not essential. 

Please telephone Mark TuBtt on 01-491 4014, quoting ref. 1602M 
for a Personal History Form or write to him at 


Management Selection and Recruitment Consultants, 
Harixidge House, 3 Hanover Square, London W1 R 9RD. 




Sought by this leading business school to head up a 
team of over 50 academic staff whose activities cover 
MBA programmes and specialist management courses and 
research for industry and commerce. 

■ the director is responsible for all aspects — financial, 
academic, administrative — of the School of Management, 
which is part of Cranfield Institute of Technology. 

• the track record will need to include evidence of 
intellectual leadership combined with business skills. 
A teaching background is desirable but not essential. 

■ age 35-50. Salary indicator over £35,000. 

Would chose who are interested 
please send details of their career 
in complete confidence to D. A. O. Davies 
who is acting as adviser to the Institute. 


10 Hallam Street, Loudon, WIN 6DJ. Telephone: 01*580 2924 




To meet tire terms of the 1985 Transport Act 
we wish to appoint Commissoneis to the Eastern 
Traffic Area (Offices in Nottingham and Cambridge) 
and the South Eastern Traffic Area (Office in 
Eastbourne). The posts wiU become vacant on 
31 May 1986 and! 31 August198S respectively. 

The Traffic Commissioner will be responsible 
for the licensing of bus, coach and goods vehide 

operators, the registration of local bus services and 
the creation of related traffic regulations. These 
procedures may necessitate public inquiries. 
Responsibilities also indude HGV and P5V 

Candidates, normally aged between the 
mid-forties and mid-fifties, must have had 
managerial, administrative or other relevant 
experience, which could have been gained in 
transport (preferably road transport), in the 
courts or in administrative tribunals. A legal 
qualification would be an advantage. The age of 
retirement is 65. 

For further details and an application form 
(to be returned by 14 February 1986) write to Civil 
Service Commission, AJencon Link, Basingstoke, 
Hants RG21 1 JB, or telephone Basingstoke (0256) 
468551 (answering service operates outside office 
hours). Please quote ref: G/6769. 

Department of Transport 

The Gvfl Service is an equal opportunity employer 



As a leading firm in the leasing world, we are looking for an experienced, self-motivated 
person to join our weU established team. Your task will be to build on and expand still further our 
share of the Public Sector Market. 

Ideally the successful applicant will have at least 2 years proven leasing experience, good client 
liaison skills and be aged between 24 and 32 years old. 

Remuneration will be circa £15,000 dependent on age and experience although a higher salary 
may be offered to an exceptional candidate. 

Please apply with full C. V. in confidence to: TjV. Jones, Personnel Manager, 

International City Holdings PLC, 34-40 Ludgate HSU, London EC4M 7JT. 

Charles Fulton (Leasing) Ltd 

a member of 

International City Holdings PLC Group 


Thames Valley Housing 
Society Limited 


This is a key position, in our . Corporate Management Team to be responsible for the 
accountancy work of the Society and financial control at all levels. 

TVHS is an expanding housing association providing a diversified range of housing options. 
By 1987, we shall be mangaging 1,700 properties in W. London, Surrey and Hampshire, 
both rental and leasehold. We are also using Right to Buy and other funds for privately 
firemced projects. 

We are looking for a qualified ACA, IPFA, 1CMA or ACCA with good management abilities 
and experience. A higher remuneration package may be considered for applicants with 
suitable housing association experience. 

For further details and an applications form contact- 

John Cross, Deputy Director, Thames Valley Housing Society Limited, 1 King Street, 
Twickenham Tel: 01-891 0202. , 

Closing date: 7tft February, 1986. . . 



Van Dyke Energy Company 

Van Dyke is an oil and (p$ exploration company with current activities principally in the 
Netherlands sector of the North Sea. Van Dyke groups have participated in the Rijn and P/9 
oil fields and other significant discoveries. 

In line with our planned expansion into additional countries, we are now recruiting a Manager 
for our London Office. This will be a challenging career for an explorationist with a background 
in geology or geophysics, having at least 5 years management experience. This position will 
interface with our Houston based technical and management personnel as well as with other 
oil and gas exploration companies. 

We offer an excellent remuneration package. 

Please write, enclosing CV, or telephone: A 

Van Dyke Energy Company 9 51 1§ 

11/12 Buckingham Gate 
London SW1E 6LB 
Tel 01-828 7525 

One Greenway Plaza 
Houston. Texas 7704b 
Tek (713) 877-8544 

•: . i - A. C C) \ IP A> Y;.\v: l Til ; A ; I> L T U 

General Manager 

N.W. London 


You are ideally a graduate, aged 27-35, with sales and marketing experience 
probably gained within an aggressively marketing-led company. You are 
extremely ambitious and seek fresh career impetus in an informal yet 
progressive environment 

Our client, turnover £3m, operates both in Europe and the U.S. in the fast 
expanding leisure market and rapid growth, body organically and through 
acquisition, should lead to a U.S.M. quotation. 

Your role will initially involve key accounts negotiation, instigating new 
projects, as well as the motivation and supervision of sales and marketing 

Additionally, and perhaps more importantly, you will be working at a senior 
executive level in identifying future growth prospects, whilst efficiently 
managing and developing existing business, and accordingly will have a 
unique opportunity to assume full general managerial responsibility at Board 

Please write or telephone Paul Ballard/ Divisional Manager, quoting 
Ref: LG1848. 


Management Personnel 

Recruitment Selection h Search 

2 Swallow Place, London W1R 7AA. 

Telephone: 01 488 1694 (OUT of hon 0702 553362] 

Personnel Assisted/ 

Central London c£8,OO0 

Are yon Interested In a carver In Personnel? 

Communications Bone of Britain 1 ^ fastest growing com pa nies and is now succcss- 
hOy established as the atematfve to Brttbh Telecom. 

You wfl] adminiger a wide range of personnel activities fodutfing recr u itment, salaries, and 
computerised records. Wort processing skats would De an advarBage 

(deafly, educated to *A‘ levd or degree standantyou should have 
S flW . good secretarial skflls, a pleasant personality, and toe abflhy to 

f 1 S I cope with a high woridoad. 

A A- We have pleasant offiosantf other benefltslncfcideysto n tteket 

to»i and staff restaurant. 

Please write whn fufldetaSs to SUsan TomHnsoa Personnel Assis- 

mercurv rartf - Merany Communications Ltd. Ninety Long Acre. London 


appointments a Trade 01-278 916175 


Cambridge T— a 1 

- o 





® _ _ ]Rl w _ — .. __ 


Purchasing Manager 


c. j£30K+ Car -r Stock Option CAMBRIDGE 


Our British client is the undisputed leader of one of the most exciting 
sectors of high Technology industry. Turnover last year topped 
£100 million The product plans for 19S6/S7 are highly competitive and 
will make a profound impact on their respective markets. Continuing 
advance has led ro the need for an outstanding individual to source and 
negotiate with international component manufacturers in Europe, the 

Far East etc. : in short, anywhere in the world, with fill] responsibility for 
all supply contracts and for the company’s long-term purchasing 


The role demands a unique individual You are at once a strategist and 
tactician with an international perspective. You have achieved success 
in the electronics industry and have a comprehensive understanding of 
the component marketplace. Probably aged between 30 and 45, you will 
possess mature negotiating skills and a sound understanding of 
contracts in extremely price competitive markets. Remuneration 
includes an excellent salary quality car. stock options, bonus scheme 
and full relocation expenses. 

For confidential discussion please contact Dr. Ray Adams on 

0223 313791 (day) or 0223 276590 (evenings) or write to me at 

Cambridge Corporate Consultants Limited, 7 Green Street, 

Cambridge CB2 3JU. 





required for Professor ana members 
of health services research unit. 

This interesting and varied lob in the 
field of community medicine involves 
writing and researching reviews, book 
chapters and articles, and editing 
academic research papers for 
jwbfcatiOT. Applicants should have 
good editorial etpsnence Knowledge 
of the National Health Services would 
t» an advantage bulls not essentiaL 

Salary in the range £6600 (pay award 
pending) plus £1297 London 
Allowance with 24 days annual leave 
and two statutory days. 

Please apply by sending lull 
curriculum vitas together with the 

names and addresses of two referees 
to Professor W W Holland. 
Departing*! of Community Metfldne. 
St Thomas' Hospital. London SE1 
7EH. or telephone JuDasa WartaH on 
01-928 3292 exfe 2210 (or farther 
details. Closing date 3 February, 

International Management Consultancy 
Marketing Support 

Price Waterhouse is a leading 
international business advisory and 
management consultancy organisation. 
The consultancy practice's Marketing 
and Technical Support Group is 
strengthening its resources to meet 
both current and future information 
demands, particularly in respect of the 
firm's overseas markets. 

The main function of this newly 
restructured role is to provide support 
to partners’ and consultants' overseas 
marketing activities, especially in 
relation to the internationally funded 
market place. Apart from the provision 
of general marketing support. 

I London based 
| up to £22,500 + car 

increasing emphasis is being placed 
on establishing and maintaining 
contacts with various international 
financing organisations: monitoring 
opportunities for international 
consultancy work and initiating 
appropriate action : as well as 
developing contacts with specialist 
consultancy organisations. 

Candidates, aged up to 40. should 
be graduates or possess a suitable 
professional qualification, and have 
significant exposure to the international 
market place for management 
consultancy services. Experience and 
knowledge of international financing 

organisations is essential. 

Our remuneration package consists 
of a negotiable salary, plus company 
car. BUPA and pension scheme. There 
are opportunities for personal 

If you are interested send in 
confidence, full personal details and 
career history quoting reference 
MCS/S043 to: Peter Humphrey 

Price Waterhouse 
Management Consultants 
Southwark "towers 
32 London Bridge Street 
London SE19SY 

Price Jfateriiouse 


to £35,000 per annum 

Required by City Business Machines Limila) io be responsible for 
the efficient operations of its Common Administrative Unit. 

Suitable applicants must have extensn/e knowledge of the oper- 
ation or the Sales Ledgers. Purchase Ledgers, Stock Records and 
Warehouse procedures in a Sales Organisation. 

Applicants must be able to demonstrate successful experience of 
man-management lo achieve results, and also the ability to originate, 
and work within a budget. 

This is a senior management appointment within e successful and 
growing group of companies, and carries with it the opportunity to 
proceed to board level. 

For further deteHs telephone Mr K A Austin on 01-631 0208 or 
send CV to City Business Recruitment Limited, 15/16 Alfred Place, 
London WC1. (No Agencies). 


Seeks deputy secretary pre- 
ferred aged 30— 10 wide experi- 
ence of execufave/admmistranva 
duties: ability ro advise exporting 
companies and address meet- 
ings an advantage, treedom to 
travel essential, starting salary 
not less than £i 0.260. non-con- 
Inbutory pensten scheme. 
Wring* applications ivrrA full CV 
to J. A. McXeisk. 25 Victoria 
Stress. London, SH'IH 0EX. 

1988 -YOUR 

Changing your career’ 
Finding employment? 
Taking vital exams? 

NOW IS THE TIME to consult 
us for ex?«r, assessment end 
guidance Fret brochure. 
”, 90 Gtoucmer Place W! 
'OO01-93S5AS2|2«hr S ) 

■NTHUSlASnC, »*tr motuaicd. 
residential nrgollalor required by 
busy Pimlico EMare cmxti 

rnce orefvrred. car owner eBrnUal. 
Saury neg. Barnard r^Uircus 01-P3A 


Aptxicattors are ewitea lor the above 
poswn wnicfi nas been created 
wfitim uie UV s leading brokerage. 

The successful apoKant wtfi do aged 
35*. of smart aooearanca win at 
leasl : years’ work mcenence 
Fun treming and excellent promotion 
prospects make up this exerting pack- 

Tel: Mr. Ashfield 
01-283 6800 


Who is flexible, and prepared to 
travel and at times work alone, 
possibly with retail marketing 
experience, needed for develop- 
ment at new projects - up to 

Reply Box 1315 N, The Times. 


Expanding telecommuni- 
cations company m NW 
London requires experienced 
sates people to start 
immediately. Attractive 
package and car. Phone 01- 
906 4f 41 between 9 am and 6 


Are you bright well educated, 
enthusiastic & live in London? 
Don't mind hard work £ long 
hours? Guides required for 1 & 2 
day tours from London for 
groups of Nonh American visi- 
tors. No previous experience 
necessary, but bnght personality 
essential. Training given, uni- 
form & lunch provided. Season: 
1 April to end November - week- 
days & some Saturdays. Excel- 
lent rewards. Write with full C.V. 
to the manager 

Road ‘n‘ Rail Tours Ltd. 

10 Queen Street, 


London W1X7PD. 


DATABANK LTD o a major scurc* o( 
business information for tne m'.ar- 
naSonai financial minimum:/. 

The company requires freelance con- 
tributors tor its competiUva analyses 
re p or ts, ideal camS C ates wifi have a 
Knowledge o< rmanosi marngts or 
corpcrara strategy, and ropert writing 

Contact v. Fab bn 

9-11 Ken s ington High Street 
London W8 


is looking for a part-time [2 days 
pwl boa keeper /Credit ConuoUet to 
work on a variety of functions m a 
busy accounts dept. Salary £5.GQ0. 
Applications hr writing to tire 

Tower House Southampton 
Street, London, WC2E 7HD 



First junior clerk required for 
busy bamsters' chambers in 
the temple. Candidates 
should be under 30 and writ 
be required to have excellent 
negotiating, managerial and 
administrative skills. Pre- 
vious experience of working 
kt barristers' chambers not 
reomred. Salary: £15.000 per 

Please write to: 

Philip Monham, 

11 King's Bench Walk, 

London EC4Y 7EQ. 


A raghly etpS'enced person is 
•’eqjirtd a encemk! proprammfs a 
vancus erms itefrygnoul UK tor a 
leace: li tr.e fsid of independent 
ftear.h ck- Generous salary and 
tenets are offered including car. 
Mattfy seme absences from 
home are preconditions and 
23S 1 carts must live wilton 
temratnc distance of Union. 

irihi cv. to Ronald Pearce 
Associates. 12 SostlrfloM Gardens, 
Strawberry Hill. TwkAenfrwn, 
Middlesex. TW1 4SZ. 



urgently reqUWL to deal with 
superior nernee in Central Lon- 
don. Excetiem Seiary, Pfus 20% 

pteasa nng Simon Snamash in 

the strxaest confidence on 01 - 
45? 0309. or write lo: 


27 Curzon Street, 
London W1Y 7AE. 



Q An opportunity has arisen 
within this highly successful 
agency for a senior negotiator 
with outstanding ability willing 
to accept responsibility for the 
sale of prestige London houses 
and flats. 

HI E x perience of the London 
market is desirable, but not 
essentia] - consideration wifl 
also be given to applicants who 
have achieved excellence in a 
c ommer cial career lo date but 
wish to change direction. 

B Remuneration: basic salary 
phis commission area £25,000 
p-a. plus company car. Please 
forward a detailed CV in strict 
confidence to: F. Sutaria. Faron 
S myrna, 89 Netting Hill Gate, 
London Wll 3JZ; rd 01-221 8939 


A firm commitment to de- 
velop your career. That’s 
what allied Dunbar Is cur- 
rently offering to men and 
women who are equally 
committed to success. 

Last year alone we spent 
over £2,000,000 on training 
programmes tor our Sales 
Associates and many of 
them went on to reap the 

For an interview or f urther 
details call PETER 
RICHARDS, on 01-637 
7200. London Home Coun- 
ties or Bin Harrison- Alan on 
(06351 36660, Newbury and 
Central South. 


Could you take responsibility for 
the overall running of a group of 
4 small, privately owned, hotels 
in Clifton. Bristol? 

The successful candidate is , 
likely to be a graduate, 25-30 ; 
with some manage mart/ ad min 
experience, financial abifity and 
flair. Previous hotel experience | 
not essential Salary negotiable. 
Ptoase apply with ClV. to: H. 
Lawson, 4 Westboume Place, 
Clifton, Bristol BS8 1RZ. 


County Council 'Is? 

An Equal Opportunities employer 


Salary: £33,876 X £849(2) X 
£846(2)- £37,266 

Appfications are tftvBed for the above post which is 
shortly to become vacant due to the retirement of the 
present Director. 

Appfcants should have appropriate quafifications and 
substantial management experience in a local authority 
social services department. 

This important post heads a Department of some 1Q.000 
staff serving a population of approximately 1,334,400: 
Further particulars and appfleatton forms ant 
obtainable from the Chief Executive/CJerk 
(Ref: 51/J8), Christ Church Precinct, County KaS, 
Preston PR18XJ. 

The dosing data for applications is 12th February. 1966. 

£OOX KEEPER. Ewrimrt lo irul COMPANY Dasrrt in Norm WMI re- 

Balance. r*>l“irrd X dojs per Dv 
■mi all publlrMng company in 
Mayfair. v try busy nap» 
atmosprwre- Trtwnone Frances 

Lsxn. 01-493 UM. 

UnprcMltc arosil practice nee« a 
hl^ti calibre AC1 fl PA NlanaCtr W 
-Trci -j :he!r or.;ior audit partner . inter- 
ding wort and Ad assignment 
are also pari o! rhe rob- You wju proo- 
ably be rect*' gualined. tpunefl 
wiUi a medium surd firm and nj\# 
nepe Hence ol iiuff juWBion liuaai- 
l\c and Personality Important. 
Cnriacr Damon Leigh at Ingram 
RrxruJlmePt. TO-71 New |k«W St 
London wi Tel. or 3»5. 
INANCIAL Analytl. EC2. lo AtTOOO 
and bens Graduate ACA w«JjW 
basV B rourd require d by m a»r vuh 
company Dunes Inaude as t« 

analysis, de-.'elopmerrt °* 

menl svilema and preparatlnn of 
monthly management r»P«^ 
Superb career scope. Cppract Mlriiaw 
Herst at lr- 1 ram Rreniirmen}- 70-71 
Ktw Sand Strcer. London. * 1 . Tel 
01-659 3S5S. 


rXigner. House Model. ■person 
rnatiu-cd Id svuxn.*r^ mp miuirery 
srvywniom and iwuc wnn our saiued 
ciicnirtc S years design experience 
Mllh Salas ana Admin crfrallon sMIM 
required. Abmiy to type esscnual. 
Box 1SI3N. The Times. 

vuirc communrcaiions consultant, 
musr be n xperi in key prunes ann 
PABX on rofluniawn only basss- 
Pron-niarHils only need apply as lu- 
lu re Direnonliip considered. Box 
J&80L The Times, 

WINES. Yeung person required 10 
aesisl master of wine Ui running small 
wine mcrcltonrs biaines. Apply In 
wnone It- fUcharo Harvev Wines. 
Tne Auction House. Easl St, 
Vs im borne. DoracL 

SITTING PRETTY. The balhroom 
snap in Ftiuiam need and enihuslrutie 
tari io help run rne shop lOam-apm 
Monday -Friday and ocrasionai 
Saturnavs Etp hripful bui not 
essential phone 01-381 0049. 

ARC YOU WONDERFUL wtui people- 
Busy SWi state agents need nulled 
assessor m Help flat and Pome 
buvers. eio.soo p a. pub pood 
commiwcrn win pam Clfi.OOO pj> 
831 078b. 

VOUNO and aracuiare. learn lo sea 
adrerttiinp and earn between £180 - 
jjeao pw. Call Jack Durkin ai dian- 
cery PubUcaUora on 831 1131. 

City wine bar. 5 lunches. 2 evening*. 
Hlgn eamimn possible oi -4C8 S166. 

CV DESIGN SERVICE & lob searrn for 
prosen lab hunting success 090& 
Ml 1 24 -yanrsi. 


cap. financial Anal>st. C30.000 
Language SralT Ata-. 435 8923. 


Frustrated and dlnperinuxf with ■ M s gMain S prom*M*7 UnftdTOad with 
current pwJtfen and rogpanslWSttot? Dagpond^ shout yte» p«p««aa 

A rare opgorLffvty nas B«ssn tot you (o jcui a trade oarqsany gwhig 

you tr» urcrasMented chanca to run ana tax« pan ct irwanfl ih» wnpany. 

W» are not orty ottamg orudSu wghast of csmmtaaion avgitabia. 3uf 

you w« also b« aBowed a fraa hand in rooumns and nsgratgiig your swn »am di 


Tlwre are a number of dlrectot Boats a-re«afite and wining » bo 

wah a prow -haring scheme metang r» und-ueiediy cos cr tfw &«f Qtien 

available anywnwa. 

The successful candWmea w8 not o nfy have a mirrmym of 2 years 
ths life are pensions industr/ - staid So aSie ro show a past »«nw or at hast 
1SK p.j. - above on be able to nxnnmio aihera wnrm roa msurarsa maustry. 
Hyau think you hmra thonemsary fcaflmaria of mcc amctal b aJwaNp da not 
haaitate te gas us on 01-637 3076, -V a cn-Mc-Tflal Urtantew. 



of Head 

The Governors invite appfications for this 
appointment from September 1986 or 
January 1987. 

This major independent school, which is an 
ancient foundation with outstanding facilities 
and high standards, has 1115 boys aged 7-18 
years, including 360 boarders and 280 in the 
Sixth Form. 

Further details and application forms (to be 
returned by 21s! February) may be obtained 
from: The Clerk of the Harpur Trust. 

101 Harper Centre, Bedford KS9K0 1?J. 


An environment 

for keen minds and strong ambitions 


Here at BUPA. Britain's leading private 
health care organisation, were gearing 
up for die ‘nineties’. With the development 
of new products and new systems, 
the search is now on for ambitious 
accounting professionals seeking career 
progression in a dynamic, stimulating 

ACCOUNTANT c. £17,500 

A high profile appointment for a young 
qualified Accountant looking for more . - 

responsibility. Heading up a compact 
professional team, your brief will include 
monthly and quarterly accounts for the 
Group, capital expenditure and cashflow 
reports, the introduction of Group reporting 

standards; developing and consolidating 
projections; and performance monitoring; 

You will also get involved in developing a 
networked PC database. , 

The department has a positive approach to 
developments in reporting technology - well 
expect you to maintain and enhance this 
reputation through strong leadership. 

It’s a chaBenge - but one winch the right 
person will relish. 




c. £13,000 

You should be aged 25 -30 with supervisory 
potential and actively studying for your 
qualifications -well give you help and 
encouragement to achieve your goal. You can 
expect to become involved in varyingaspects 
of administration, including capital 
expenditure budgets, cashflow reporting and 
consolidation. You will also take full . 
responsibility for the management 
information requirements of two operating 
areas of the Gn« 4 >. This is largely a 

development role, with scope for exposure to 
some of the latest systems technology, and 
your brief to improve reporting systems 
indudes direct supervision of a small team. 
YouB have the chance to develop your 
management abilities and open new avenues 
of career progression. 



ACCOUNTANT c.£14,000 

You should be aged 25 - 30 with supervisory 

potential and you may be actively studying. In 
this post, yauH have significant exposure to 
taxation work as well as overseeing 
cashiering which involves leading a small 
team operating a D EC-based system. You 
could weO be in the profession seeking a 
move into commerce -but, whatever your 

background, you’ll have plenty of 
opportunities to become involved in the 
diverse activities of the Group. The work is 
interesting and varied and opens up career 
progression routes elsewhere in the Group 
as well as in this department 

The generous benefits package for aD three 
posts includes free BUPA and fife assurance, 
mortgage subsidy, attractive pension 
scheme, interest free season ticket Joan anda 
staff restaurant Assistance with relocation is 
also offered to the Group Management 
Accountant, if necessary. 

Help to create the private health care of the 

SendafuD CV to: Margaret Monaghan, 
Personnel Manager (Group). BUPA, 
Provident House, Essex Street, London 
WC2R3AX. Tel: 01-3535212. 


It makes all the difference. 

f :■*» 

fr -r 
5 L J 

* a i 

\ T. 

2 a i. 

* * 

* L - 
- T# 

® Trade 01-278 9161/5 

r * : v ;•< v.?» t -t T U ** r* 

U ; a l t. £ tl \ d i'j ^ A si' J> * is i i r f . - d 



Treasury Section 
Tb £1 1,500 p.a. Covent Garden 

We’re out to dispel the myth that finance is dull and dry. 
We'd never be where we are if we were either. 

As it is, we’re one of Britain’s most successful and progressive 
finance houses, and we’re based in Covent Garden where there's 
more good life per square yard than anywhere else in London. 

Our Treasury Section deals with die interesting field of 
borrowing money, either- from the general public, the wholesale 
deposit market, the acceptance credit market or Barclay’s Bank 
itself, of which we’re a part 

Your task would be to reconcile, in detail, the transactions and 
maintain telephone contacts with major banks and financial 

It's an absorbing job and it takes more than a modicum of skill. 
That’s why we’re looking for accounts department experience 
which we’d prefer was in banking or finance. 

If you’re interested, please give Rosemary Bramble a ring on 
01-242 1234, or write to her at: 

Mercantile Credit Company limited, 

Elizabethan House, Great Queen Street, London WC2B 5DP. 

An Equal Opportunity Employer 

I Mercantile Credit 

^ ff *7 S{ 
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i? k i t 

Sales Support Investment 
and Tax Advice 


Lloyd Wright internation Holding Limited, Guernsey based Investment 
Brokers, specialise in high quality tax and investment advice for British 
expatriates worldwide. We are expanding and are initially looking for a 
Sales Support Person, supporting the Middle East Regional Director. 
The job will develop to the position of consultant within 18/24 months. 
Only candidates with the necessary potential to achieve this are of 
interest to us. 

The Uoyd Wright person is self-confident, mature, has got an acceptable 
degree in Business Studies or other relevant subject and has a streak of 
adventure, but most importantly a strong will to succeed. Given these 
qualities we will train you in the Uoyd Wright way and set you up for an 
interesting international career. 

After a short period of initial training in the UK, you will travel to the 
Middle East, But candidates must be flexible and be prepared to travel 
as necessary to Africa, Far East, etc, - in fact wherever our clients are. 

Pfease send your C. V. to: 

Uoyd Wright international Holding Umited 
UK Administration Office 

Abingdon, Oxqn 0X13 5BW 

Stepping stones 





domestic and catering 


• EokHi. rngonalUc ooaltma 

villi private runfiy. c*n oraST 
lie. hmenu. dlnnm ana aStSs. 

■SMSUsSr *“ 



0R Blip 

I'T- 1 

• • • • •• • • 

Technical Education 
Posts Overseas 

Kenya Institute of 
Adnunistration . 

• Senlor Xectnrer in Accountancy (3 posts) 

• Duties: Pbst I is principally to teach finanrinl' 

• jnanagement to final profeseaonai accountancy 

• -students; candidates should also be aMetooffer 

• JJ^ug^^Mcounlfeg and/or financial accouiuing - 

• Poat^ is principally to teach auditing to final 

• PfpfeaSonal apcountancy students; candidates diouJd 

• also be able to offer management accounting and/or * 

• financia l management, v - ••t ' 

P r>C tJW: * ■ ilJ ■ f:JT 1 1 


• and urban Studies-Local Government Accounting and 
• t Hnaitce; to design special training programmes for - 

• finance and accounting staff of local authorities etc. 

• Q n al tfieart ops: candidates. preferably aged 3<V60 years, 

• must be British with a UK educational background. - 

• Applicants should possess either a Master^ degree in 

• Accounting or professional qualifications (eg JPFA, ' 

J ICMA, ACC A ) and have five years teaching experience 

• ' and two years practical experience. . 

• Salary: a basic salary paid locally by the Government 

• of Kenya on a scale ranging from Ksh 58,560-82,320 

• a nonnally tax-free supplement paid 

• -by the British Government under its aid programme 

• ranging from &0.912£18,!64 subject to point of entry on - 

• thesakuy scale and marital status. Benefits include 

• 26% terminal gratuity on basic salary, -air passages, 

• baggage allowance, appointment grant ChBdrenb « 

•. education allowances and holiday visits may also apply 

• for UK-based children. 

• Contract: initially for 30 months with the Government 

• of Kenya. 

J -Date irfappointmeat: by mutual agreement with 

• Kenya Institute of Administration but preferably as 

• soon as possible. 

• Closing date for applications: 28 February 1986. 

• Referefice: 85 K 91-83 

0 Fbrflmher details and in application form p leas e 
0 write, qnotiirg the poet reference number to: 

• IheBdtMhCouncil, 90-91 Ibttenham Court Koad, 

• British 

Badenoch & Clark 


£12,000-£16,000 + Bens 

Oh behalf of several City based Institutions, both international firms of Chartered 
Accountants and Merchant Banks, we are currently recruiting bright and ambitious 
individuals for fiieir existing VAT groups. Additional opportunities also exist nationwide, 
in particular in Manchester, Cardiff and Northampton. 

Ideal applicants wfl] be graduates, in their mid twenties to early thirties, with substantial 
VAT experience gained within Customs and Excise. Technical expertise and polished 
communication skills are essential qualities, whilst candidates should be enthusiastic, 
outgoing and confident Superb prospects in this rapidly expanding area. 

-Please contact Timothy B arrage or Rachel Cafae. 




We are currently recruiting on behalf of a medium size City public practice who are 
. seeking newly qualified graduate accountants (preferably ACA, ICMA Finalists wiD be 
considered), lo train as management consultants in Iheir associated consultancy arm. 
Applicants should have a good examination record and will be required to assist clients 
on assignments ranging from; objective market/business assessments, acquisition and 
divestment appraisals, cost reduction programmes, organisation studies and systems 
evaluation and implementation . 

For further information or to arrange an informal discussion contact Cofin Perkins or 
Jon Varey. 

Financial RecruitmentSpecialists 
16-18 New Bridge St, London EC4V 6AU 
Telephone 01-583 0073 



A prestigious and long established 
recruitment selection organisation seeks a high flying 


Capable of earning at least £32,000 pa, the successful 
applicant should be aged 25-35 with a proven' record of 
achievement. The company operate a pension scheme and 
the position would cany a Directorship within one year 
and a management “Buy Ouf* within 5-6 years. 




M.-'m .;m for accountants, tax spedalsts and lawyers. Which office of Gabriel Duffy 
Consultancy - London. Brighton, or the new Reading office - should you visit to get the 
qualty of service which won Gabriel Duffy the ‘'Recruitment Consultancy of the Year 
award? To find out, write or call .. . 


Gabriel Duffy House, 17 St Swfthins Lane 

Cannon Street London, EC4N 8AL 

Property Management 
Accountant £12,000+ 

manageme nt, computer based system. Previous ap of this 
work is essential & prospects are unlimited for right person 
seeking a genuine career move. Mr Craig, Acme Appis, 31S 
Oxford St, WL - 


Pubfic Practice (London) 01 6234295 Public Practice (Nationwide) 01 G23 4395 
Industry & Commerce 01 623 3195 Legal 01 623 4295 

Temps 01 6231617 

Or evenings/weekends telephone Don Leslie on 354 5229. 


Gabriel Duffy Consultancy, 130A Western Road 

Brighton BN1 2 LA 

All departments (0273) 29822 — 

Or evenings/weekends telephone Cathy Casey on Brighton (0273) 73051 6. 


Gabriel Duffy Consultancy, 60 Kings Road, 

Reading RG1 3AA 

All departments (0734) 502881 

Or evenings/weekends telephone Helen Spain on BurghftekJ Common (073529) 3447. 

Gabriel Duffy Consultancy 17 St Swithms Lane, 
Cannon Street, London, EC4N 8AL. 

WithusyouU find plenty of challenges that wfl [at you 
team more andusevour skills to maximum advantage to 
us both. 

We are masting heavily In new integrated financial I 1 

systems, using IBM mainframe and micros. The key I 

systems are already in place and we are looking to . j 

recruit young, ambitious and norFstereotyped I 

accountants for the foBowing positions: \ ^ ^ + 

Group Accountant 

Educa tion I £450 million gmsnvmZ budget I 

To enhance our financial and M , , J 

management information in the 

A million people lo report to, and 
a commitment to new technology 



We have opportunities far newiy qualified professionals, 
covering the fid range of financial functions. Your 
experience and professional strengths mil decide your 
initial duties, with ample scope for career progression. 
Salaries up lo £13,098. 

Hertford is an attractive town, 
surrounded by beautiful countryside 
yd within easy access of London. 
Relocation help up to £3,150 wfl! be 
given where appropriate, and 
temporary housing may be available. 

tl 111 I Mi l 






To play a leading role in a team busy 
implementing, developing and 
exploiting modem financial systems 
throughout the or^nlsatiof*. four 
exact duties wH reflect your 
experience and aptitudes but expect 
to be fuiiy stretched. Salary up to 



fou mil be responsible for planning, organising and 
developing audit corerage and carrying out a&eed 
projects, and have an avid interest in new technology 
Newly qualified Accountants wQ3 be considered, but 
some post- qualification experience in the profession is 
preferred. We offer a high quality trailing package in 
computer audit techniques. Salary up to £14.238. 

- County Council 

For so informal chat ring Dennis 
Signed or David Prince (0992) 
555305. Details and application 
forms are obtainable by ringing 
Hertford (0992) 555307 (avaflabie 
24 hours). 

Closing date for applications to the 
County Treasurer, County Hall 
Hertford SGI 3 BDQ. Is 4th February 


® Trade 01-278 9161/5 


215,fc)0 + Benefits 

Outstanding opportunity tor 
young analyst whh knowledge of 
UK/Euro markets to fully de- 
valop career potential wtoi wefl- 
estabfehedinL securities house. 
UPS (Rec Cons) 
U1-828 4737 

Account Officer c£23,000 

An international bank is developing 
relationships with European corporate 
entities, it seeks an additional executive 
who offers extensive credit experience as 
weU as fluency in a second language to 
develop a career fan the marketing of trade 
finance. . . 

Ref: mil 908 

Corporate Dealer . £20,000+ 
ff you are good at generating FOREX 
business, particularly with new clients, a 
reputable interna ti onal banking group 
would Ifice to hear from you. You are 
probably aged 25 to 28 with good 
experience of FOREX products, Including 

Ref: NM1823 

Corporate Finance c£20*000 

Prestigious merchant bank seeks a 
graduate ACA to develop a career in all 
aspects of loans, syndications, 
acceptances etc. Enthusiasm and 
ambition will be amply rewarded- 
Ref: NM1738 

Credit Officer ' c£ 14,000 

Leading European bank is recruiting for a 
person who offers experience of loan 
administration and credit analysis to 
become involved in all aspects of Credit 
and Documentation. Excellent career 
development role which will be well 

Ref: NM1822 

Write or tele phone Nicolas Mabin, Regional Manager 

Managi^iiait Personnel 

fieoruitmertSeteciion 5 Search ConsuKants 

2 Swallow Place. London W1 R 7AA 
Telephone 01 408 -1694 [out of hours oi 809 2783) 

german-speaking banker? 




We are a leading overseas banking 
recrurtment consultancy and have recently 
established offices in Sydney and Hong 
Kongwith further expansion planned for 
1986. Ou r corporate style encourages a 
team effort in a friendly, stimulating and 
.professional environment and our clients 
are among the top-ranking banking 
institutions in Europe, the Middle and Far 
East and Australasia. 

To complement the development of our 
global network and to meet the increasing 
demand for our services, we are seeking to 
recruit two additional, highly-motivated 
consultants for our European team based in 
London who will concentrate on the 
recruitment of banking executives in 
German-speaking Europe. We would also 
be interested to hear from candidates who 
may not have the required language ability 
but would like to be considered for similar 
positions within the Company. 

To develop new relationships and 
maintain our existing ones in Germany, 
Luxembourg and Switzerland, you must 
have total command of the German 
language and an understanding of the 

business climate. Ideally aged between 26 
and 33, you will have sound marketing 
abilities and a knowledge of international 
banking, gained from a minimum 5 years' 
experience in banking or from a relevant 
consultancy. Obviously, good 
communicative and interpersonal skills are 
also necessary. 

This is a unique opportunity to accept the 
challenges of a fast-moving, demanding 
rather than conventional career, in addition to 
an outstanding level of job satisfaction, good 
prospects and regular overseas travel, you 
may also anticipate an attractive 
remuneration package consisting of a base 
salary plus a generous performance-related 
bonus -potentially unlimited. On- target 
earnings average between £20,000 and 
£30,000 plus car. 

Please telephone or write with full career 
details to: 

Roy Webb. Managing Director, 
Jonathan Wren International Limited, 
170 Bishopsgate, London. EC2M 4LX. 
Teh COII 623 1266. 

Telex: 8954073 WRENCO. 

London • Sydney - Hong Kong 

Jonathan Wren 

Banking Consultants^ 

r Corporate Finance 



Our client is a major UK Stockbroker which has recently aligned itself with a leading 
financial Institution. The firm is continuing to expand its corporate finance activities and 
consequently seeks additional staff to join me existing corporate finance department. 

The requirement is for highly professional corporate financiers, currently working for either 
a merchant bank or stockbroker, who would relish the challenge of working in a fast growing 
and lively environment. 

It is essential that candidates are articulate and confident in order to conduct die necessary 
business development and marketing. They should be self motivated and keen to be involved 
in the team's development. 

A very attractive remuneration package will be offered- 

Interested applicants should write, enclosing a detailed curriculum vitae, to Neal Wyman 
BSc ACA, Manager, Corporate Finance Division, at 39/41 Parker Street, London WC2B 
5LH, or telephone him on 01-404 5751 quoting ref. 6196. 



Michael Rage City 

International Recruitment Consultants— London Brussels Newark Sydney 
A member ofthe Addison Rage PLC group 

Recently Qualified Accountants 


highly visible career stepping stone 

> c£I7-20,000 + mortgage etc. 

This is an excellent opportunity to mate the transition 
from the Profession to Commerce. You wiB join a high 
profile team undertaking c onstructive revie^frand 
appraisals of tho Group's activities - a wide ranging 
brief which provide a real insight into the many 

facets of the Group's efiverse business. 

The scale and diversity of these activities 
wfli provide stimulating career 
progression opportunities: 


This is therefore seen as a development position 
enabling you to gain commercial experience, 
demonstrate your skills and, working with management 
at all levels, make an essential contribution to financial 

A vary c o m peti tive remuneration package 
wfli be negotiated. 

Contact David Tod BSc FCA 
on 01-405 3499 

quoting ref: D/363/RB. 

: 125 fi'gh Hpibocn-. --'tendon. V/C IV 6QA . . 'Selection Constants ; 0 !-4C:5~3J99"^ *''•* 



We have an opening for 3 ambitious, career-minded individuals, aged 23+ , in the exciting world of finance and 
investment. Essentials are seff-motivation, application to hard work, and ability to absorb new ideas rapidly in 
wide-ranging fields, including Taxation, Investments, Insurance, Mortgage and Pensions. 

This Is a highly rewarding opportunity with excellent promotion prospects due to our aggressive expansion 
programme over the next six months. 

In the first Instance please telephone 240 5023 and speak to Graeme MacLeod. 

For further details or write with full CV to: 

Graeme MacLeod 

F.P.S. (Management) Ltd., 

12-13 Henrietta Street, 

Covent Garden, London WC2E 8LH. 

Living and working overseas can be 
extremely rewarding, but it is also 
stressful and relatively few companies 
take effective measures to ease the 
adjustment in lifestyle. Staff working 
below par can damage the company's 
relations to clients and existing stall, 
as well as losing time and money'. 

Companies neglect selection, brief- 
ing and support of expatriates at their 
peril, when you consider that the cost 
of maintaining an expatriate is three 
limes their annual domestic salap-. 

The technically-superior candidates 
may be Jess able to cope with stress 
than a less-qualified colleague. 
Doctors have long recognized that the 
combination of two or more changes 
in the normal constants of everyday 
iiTc can cause considerable stress, 
often manifested by physical or 
menial illness. 

Change of home. job. lifestyle and 
friends, and loss or separation from a 
marital partner, are all major stress 
engendering factors. The new expatri- 
ate. frequently deprived of his 
traditional means of support and 
solace, commonly experiences at least 
three of these factors. 

Most prospective expatriates have 
given some thought to what their life 
style will be like in their new posting, 
but they frequently assume that 
exercising their professional skills will 
be similar to doing so at home. Any 
concern with differences is usually 

Becoming an expatriate 
demands a dramatic 

change in lifestyle. 
Corinne Julius examines 

this experience 

Excluding small talk 
can appear offensive 

wiih the obvious physical ones, such 
as the climate. Even then it is hard to 
envisage how this will affect daily life. 
Different nationalities do not neces- 
sarily share the same assumptions and 
expectations about life, or about how 
other people should behave. For 
example, in Saudi .Arabia normal 
codes of behaviour are very different 
from those in the UK. The power of 
religion is considerable. Islam is 
perceived by Saudi nationals to 
regulate the legal and political system 
and the conduct of all aspects of 
everyday life. To Westerners they 
may seem harsh, but to the indigen- 
ous population that is the way life is. 

In the work environment, differ- 
ences may be masked by the 
superficial appearance of the work- 
place. An office looks much the same 
anywhere in the world, but the ways 
of doing business, motivating and 
disciplining staff, attitudes to time 
and concepts of loyalty and manage- 
ment style may vary enormously. 

In many pans of the Far East, 
expatriates become frustrated at the 
indolence or even insolence of 
subordinates, who accept a decision 
without discussion and then choose to 
ignore it. 

The JocaJ subordinate perceives the 
situation quite differently. If a 
decision is considered to be a poor 
one. rather than cause a superior loss 
of face, particularly in public, it is far 
more politic to act as if no decision 

was taken and. therefore, no action is 

Also, plunging into negotiations 
without indulging in small talk 
precludes personal assessment and 
breaches good manners. The unin- 
itiated expatriate may feel frustrated 
or even insulted at the delay, while to 
the contrary it is the Westerners 
hurried approach that is offensive. 

In Nigeria, expatriates may take 
umbrage at being kepi waiting, 
misinterpreting the somewhat differ- 
eni attitude to time and the 
constraints of poor communication 
which mean that people drop in 
unexpectedly to discuss business. 

The expatriate is often aware that 
something is not right and usually 
unaware how much he is misinter- 
preting the local culture. Many feel 
permanently ill at ease. They are not 
aware what is wrong, but simply that 
things are not quite right. 

A common response is hostility to 
all things local, which can then lead to 
aggression towards colleagues and 

Adjusting to life abroad is a long 
process, but it has well-documented 
high and lows. If the expatriate is not 
intimidated into an immediate return 
home by a hoL smelly and seemingly 
chaotic arrival, there is likely to be a 
brief honexmoon period of several 
weeks. But soon the hassle of 
achieving even the most trivial task 
brings on the next stage of what has 
become know n as culture shock. 

The tell-tale signs of culture shock 
arc over-dependence on alcohol, 
continual complaining, denigration of 
people and things locally, the 
glorification of the UK. increased 
aggressiveness and marital problems. 

There are three standard responses 
to culture shock. The most common 
response occurs w-hen the expatriates, 
exhausted by trying to achieve 
objectives defined in British terms, in 
what is perceived increasingly as an 
hostile environment, recreates a 
•'Little England”. 

He falls back on viliify ine. every- 
thing local and as a corollary praising 
the way things were done at home. 
This rejection arouses real hostility 
from local people, setting up a vicious 
circle. The expatriate spends more 
and more time with other expatriates 
and. as a consequence, is less and less 
effective at his job. The cycle is often 
only broken with a short sharp shock 
such as home leave. 

The second is the complete 
antithesis, but equally unrealistic. 
Appalled by the Little Englander 
mentality, the expatriate goes to the 
other extreme - "going native" - by 

Irving as a JocaJ. This is perceived as 
patronizing by host country nationals. 

The third, and most effective 
response, is frequently obtained after a 
period ofLitile England. Thecxpatriaie 
comes to appreciate the need to adjust 
to a new culture and ihe values and 
expectations of the host country, 
without abandoning hi 5 own. 

He understands that the society’s 
values arc effective in everyday 
behaviour and tries io find out Why 
things are as they are. Decisions arc 
taken, but qualitative judgements are 
not made. 

li is almost impossible to avoid 
culture shock. Ideally, a prospective 
expatriate needs to find out as much 
as possible about not only the job. but 
also the host country before accepting 
an assignment. 

It is essential to try to assess not 
only what conditions »vi]J be like, but 
what effect expatriation will have on 
the whole family. Leaving a family in 
the UK necessitates adjustment by all 
panics and uprooting the family even 
more so. especially as wives denied 
the possibility of continuing their 
careers abroad, are at the sharp end of 
culture shock. 

Families where the children and 
spouse are unhappy cannot give 
support to the working expatriate and 
arc frequently ihe cause of early 
termination of contract, or an unhappy 
and ineffccti vc overseas tour. 

A smattering of the local 
language is a great help 

Adequate preparation involves 
talking through the consequences to, 
and with, ali members of ihe family. 
It is essential to gather information 
on history, geography, climate, 
politics, government and religion in 
ihe country. 

Much can be acquired in print, but 
it is also worth considering a briefing 
course. The more that is known about 
the culture the better, including a 
smattering of the local language. 

It also pays io be well-informed on 
matters that may affect the family 
such as finance, taxation, letting the 
house, childrens’ education. 

On arrival, time is needed for 
adjustment both physiological and 
menial. There is considerably physio- 
logical stress in coping with so many 
new siimulae often in different 
physical conditions. 

Physical strain affects menial state. 
Being tired and depressed is part of 
the pattern of adjustment. Trying to 
understand the reasons for frus- 
trations helps to reduce it. and to 
make expatriate life a rewarding, 
cxc/ting and stimulating experience. 

® Send a stamped addressed envel- 
ope to Special Reports (Expat). Room 
13“. The Times. 200 Grays Inn Road. 
London _ WCJX 8EL for farther 
information on briefing courses and 
sources of information. 



London Base We are e> -P ancJin 9 our technical team in the Insolvency Department oi Arthur Young. 

We are looking for someone with imagination, technical competence, ana an ability to 

communicate' who wishes to develop these skills and their career 

Tnis opportunity would suit: 

• A young accountant with insolvency experience or 
C £-15,000 • An editor with a legal or accounting background 

* As part of this small team, you will be involved with: 

• Editing and writing internal and external technical publication? 

• Advising the Corporate Recovery and Insolvency Practice 

* • Planning, preparing and presenting training courses 

/\ Please write in confidence, enclosing a detailed curriculum y&e. 'o 

Kate Atkin, Professional Recruitment Officer. 

*— » 1 Arthur Young, Rolls House, 7 Rolls Buildings. Fetter Lane. London EC4A i NH. 

Arthur Young 

Your next good idea 


The financial services revolution is here. 

Powerful conglomerates are emerging to combat 
aggressive competition from new and unexpected 
sources. The traditional banners are crumbling, and 
tough decisions must be faced as technology forces the 
pace of change. 

High quality impartial advice is a vital commodity in such 
fast moving markets. As a member of our successful 
Financial Management Group, your ability to provide it 
would soon be tested. 

You'll work with senior management iri ail types of 
financial institutions on a wide variety' of assignments. 
One month you may be advising on dealing risks 
and controls, the next on management information 
or treasure 

This is an opportunity to develop your technical and 
management skills whilst relishing the autonomy that 
you’ll be given. We need graduate Accountants aged 
2 5 - 32 , with experience of finandaJ institutions gained 
in a major accountancy firm or in the financial services 
sector, who are ready to face tomorrow’s challenges today 
Your personal skills, enthusiasm and intellect must be . * 

We offer a starting salary of £20-33.000 plus a car and / 
other benefits, tailored training, and promotion based 
solelv on merit 

If you're excited by the latest developments in the 
financial services sector, and meet our criteria, why not 
send your c.v (including a daytime telephone number) . 
to Martin Manning, quoting reference 1520/FT on both 
envelope and letter. 

Management Consultancy Division 

P.O. Box 198, HiHgate House, 26 Old Bailey, London EC4M 7PL 

Our clienL one of the world's largest insurance brokers, has an international network interests in over 40 countries, 
including the USA, the UK and Europe. It is committed to further improving the centra!!:, if sen-ices provided to operating units 
and seeks outstanding individuals to complement its audit team. 

Audit Manager 

C £25,000+ car 

Computer Audit 

From £20,000+ car 

Reporting to the Director of Audit. UK/Europe, key 
responsibilities will include planning and managing audit 
invohwnent, systems development reviews and special 

This challenging role offers considerable autonomy for 
running computer audit, covering existing systems and major 
new developments, and interacting with key business areas. 

Candidates, perhaps aged around 30, will be qualified 
accountants, ACA or ACCA. with practical knowledge of the 
insurance industry gained in a large professional environment 

Candidates, probably aged under 30, will be qualified 
accountants with at least 2 years computer audit experience, 
preferably gained in the financial services sector 

Both positions will involve significant exposure to senior management and 
strong inter-personal skills are vital. They will offer considerable opportunity 
for subsequent transfer to line roles. Although City based, there will be a 
certain amount of foreign travel. 

Please reply to Martin Manning in strict confidence, enclosing full personal 
and career details, quoting reference 1559/A for the Audit Manager position, 
nr 1539/C for the Computer Audit position, on both envelope and letter. 


Management Consultancy Division 

P.O. Box 198, Hillgate House, 26 Old Bailey, London EC4M 7PL 



I* Hi 

London c.£8,000 

Show off your statistics and 
programming skills to their best 
advantage in a tailor-made financial 
career at Abbey National and utilise 
the latest computerised statistical 
modelling facilities. 

Your main aim will be to assist senior 
level statisticians in the Budgets 
Control Department. This will involve 
assisting in statistical analysis, 
developing and maintaining supporting 

software and producing statistical' 
financial reports for management. 

We provide on-the-job training on the 


1 1 GO Conversational Time Sharing 
system. MAPPER On-line Database 
system and Sperrylinfc word processing 
package and study for professional 
qualifications is encouraged. 

You will have a degree in a statistics- 
related subject and experience of 
programming in FORTRAN is 
essential. A good understanding of 
statistical techniques such as 
Regression. Correlation and Time 
Series Analysis is necessary and 
knowledge of applied econometric 
techniques a distinct advantage. 
Prospects are excellent in our rapidly- 
expanding financial departments and 
we provide an excellent range of 

Please send full career and salary 
details to Mr W Whitehead. 

Abbey National Building Society. 

Abbey House. Baker Street, 

London NWI 6XL. 


UK Merchant Bank 

International Division 
ACA’s & Solicitors 

National Leasing & finance Co. 

Our client , one of the leading UK Merchant banks is currently seeking to 
recruit a recently qualified Chartered Accountant and a recently qualified 
Solicitor for their International Division. 

Property-based financing 

c£30,000 + significant benefits 

City based 

Based in London, those appointed will be involved in niajor international 
project financing, including identification of business opportunities, 
advice on the most appropriate methods ot funding, and negotiation 
of transactions both fee and asset-based. 

Candidate:., at-ed 24-28. will have quaiified with a major city practice and 
wjl) be capable of dealing with clients at the highest levels. Strong 
interpersonal skills and self-motivation are therefore essential. These 
represent excellent opportunities for two high calibre individuals to 
develop careers in a prime institution. Full training will be provided. 

In the first instance please contact Andrew Stewart or Jonathan 
William* on 01-404 5751 or write to them, quoting ref. 3590, at 
Michael Page City, 39-41 Parker Street. London WC2B 5LH. 

National Leasing & Finance Co., part of the newly listed 
international City Holdings PLC group, is at the forefront of 
the development of new approaches in property funding. 
The requirement is for a highly motivated, market-orientated 
professional with an ability to work with sophisticated 
financial techniques developed within a mufti-disciplinary 
team environment The successful applicant will have had at 
least 2 years front line experience in negotiating major 
property transactions. 

Michael Page City 

International Recruitment Consultants 
London BrusscU New York Sydney 

A member of the Addison Pjgo PLC group 

Interested applicants should write enclosing a current C;V. to 
the address below or phone Robert Walters on Ot-734 0493. 

Robert Waiters Associates 

Recruitment Consultants 

54-62 Regent Street London W1R 5 PJ 
Telephone: 01-734 0493.