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THE4tfBfclTMES 

Tomorrow 


Blackboard jungle 
Profile of the 
British teacher 

Trayelliiig man 
James Fenton on . 
the writing of 
Angus Wilson 

Kicking sand . 
England warm up 
for the World 
Cup in Cairo 

Another 
income tax? 

The rates option 
the' Government 
hasforgotten 


nsh m world’s worst space flight tragedy 


Then ȣ4,000 to be won in 
today’s _ Times Portfolio 
competition because there 
wasno dinner yesterday.On 
Satnrday. there is£40,000 in 
the- weekly competition- 
double the usual am ount, 
because there was no prize 
last weekewLPortfoLio list, 
pq ge 18; bow to play, 
informatiou service* back 


e 

rise lifts 


‘at The pound rose two cents 
yesterasy ooi news of firmer 
-u oil prices and greater con- 

— - fidence in the Prune Minister 
after file Westland debate. 

mi. Britain’s trade swung back 
r rate surplus of £125 million 
^ in December, and the FT 30- 

■ ‘ v share index rose 16 points to 
-< a new high of 1,155.4. 

■ Market report,page 15 
Prices,page 18 

Howe facing 
.vir. new pressure 

— .Britain, is- likely to come 
• under : new pressure to im- 
vpose ; economic sanctions 

■* Seafcufry. atterids La jTieetmg 
Z* between H=C fctmn min- 
i : isters gad the black front-line 

staies jir Lusaka bext week. 

f Temple siege 

’. V Indian paramilitary troops 
built sand bunkers around 
(i the Golden Temple in Amrit- 

• K sar -as 600 SSfa nriStants 
j inside vowed to keep control 

»• of the . shrine 
!J Delhi foils, page 6 

Walesa trial 

./ The Polish authorities have 
summoned Mr Lech Walesa 
for trial on slander charges m 

— an attempt to end -hi s 
apparent immunity from 

^ prosecution Page 5 

i EEC vote 

Demnaric’s Parliament, the 
: Folketing. voted yesterday to 

; j call i national referendum on 
- an EEC treaty reform pack- 
age ;h rejected a week 
i ago. Signing agreed, page 6 

:js Manila fear 

Roman Catholic bishops m 

■ the Phifjppiiies said they 
j cpuld- see signs of cheating, 

;■*. lies and violence in the 

' i presidential election cam- 
‘ paign " 

i US on the fence, page 6 

School age 

The possibility of raising the 
co mpulso ry school starting 
age mom five years old to six 
» bra g explored by the ali- 

• 1; pany Commons education 
Select c om mi nri* Pa ge 2 

, ~ ' 

;; ; Clogged court 

; Radical measures to tackle 
;.!> themormting crisis of conges- 
. *; tion in the Commercial Court 
1 ■- r in London are urged by a 
; 3 co mmittee erf lawyersPage 2 



The moment of disaster as the shuttle exploded in a ball of fire two minutes after lift-off from Cape Canaveral 

From Michael Binyon ft»h rushed into the Oral feet lift-off. A solid rocket around the shuttle, which it were among the thousands of shire, went as the fall extent ™ 

and Christopher Thomas office to tell the President of booster apparently exploded was feared could damage the spectators »bo watched the ofthe disaster became nad th 

WarMiHrfnii the dkAWT. Mr Vmoan nivli. milp« im met as anunul hoot chiolH — er _r .1 C a ■% Lm? ■ {MU. 


Washington the disaster. Mr Reagan nine miles up just as ground heat shield. 

n.- - /»- » immediately broke off his control instructed the crew to The shuttle flight was the 

t lie uc> shuttle caauenger, meeting wfth top advisers and throttle up. A blazing multi- 25th in a programme that has 
Car S3L 2 ^f Te “r hnnied next doer to watch col owed bail of fire engulfed dazzled the world with its 

JSSS" La- e #ki°A*2..Jr fiTe t^rision pictures. The the shuttle, which then scientific successes and tech- 
fireball White House spokesman said seemed to spin out of control, nical advances. But the past 

™ stunned and dose to b re a k i n g up as It felL two humches have been 
the Kennedy SpaceCeutre in leaps. The House of Repre- It happened so fast that bedevilled by delays and 


blast-off of the $1-2 billion known. 


On the shuttle were Mrs 


operation but Resnick, Mr Ronald McNair, 


iSSaTSayShST^m * *** 10 ^control, mral advances. But the past l,977mph, three times the were able to do nothing to lSmSu'IS 

he WflS straned dose to breaking up as it felL two humches have bee® speed of sound. It was 10.4 save the doomed snaceeraft. OniawEf^ 1 °m r™!! 

y oT^roraferer * *T5 “S*"!!? J5 *5 ** ? e *ir? B ® d dekys “* ntfles up and eight miles out Challenger took dTfrom ^ M 

SJdh £Jr *»* groimd cortrol had no time to technical problems, threaten- over the ocean. After the launch pad 39B, a refer- iSnedv Srace Centre of- 

spase disaster. numwliiitely adjourned. put into effect the emergmicy mg the tight bumefa schedule, explosion, 45 seconds later, bished moon rocket facility, fichS^aid dSt the ThS- 

Wreckage plunged into the President R eag an cancelled procedures practised before — one of the Challenger’s two at 1638 GMT after two last- oSUL “ e . j 331 

sea a few miles offchore from scheduM State of the the mission, .The crew was More details and pictures, ^ rockets, which were minute snags caused ^by fee^strEtetere bSfeniS 

^ **** ^ 2MJ3 the .side, of the romper prob.cm, . with «„ 

area but were held back for 'ranged to give 


not equipped with ejector 


area but were held back for ranged to give it next The shuttle mission had It was President Reagan’s 1 and began spiralling through 

an hour by the rain of Tuesday instead. He ordered already been postponed twice idea to send a schoolteacher the sky. The sickening dull 

burning debris. All crew Mr Bush to Cape Canaveral because of bad weather ami into space. After a nationwide roar of the explosion could be 

members, incfading the two to express his symp ath y to mechanical problems. Yes- competition Mrs Christa dearly heard on live tele- 
women - one of them the first the families of the shuttle terday morning, as tem- McAnGffe was chosen from vision, 

teacher "m space - are astronauts. peratures plunged to well more than 11,000 applicants. Distraught spectators at 

presumed dead. Medical The tragedy, watched by below freezing, officials from She was to have given two Cape Kennedy, induding 
personnel were waiting to millions, includ ing the fam- Nasa held an emergency live lessons from space during hundreds or schoolchildren 

parachute into the crash area, flies of the crew, came meeting to discuss two ft the six-day mission. Her who had come to watch Mrs 

Vice-President George without warning after a per- icicles that had formed husband and two children McAoliffe from New Hamp- 


spacecraft, veered to the right ground equipment and con- maximum thrust 
and began spiralling through vg BSBgSSSSS 


teacher in space - are astronauts. peratures plunged to well more than 11,000 applicants, 

presumed dead. Medical The tragedy, watched by below freezing, officials from She was to have given two 
personnel _ were waiting to millions, including the font- Nasa held an emergency live lessons from space during 


House 

Contents 

Savings 


Wapping dispute 

TUC instructs unions not to 
cross Murdoch picket lines 


Tory MPs cheer 
rates reform plan 

By Richard Evans and Colin Hughes 


By John Young and Anthony Bevins 

The TUC general council grace to the trade union had been impeded on the 
yesterday approved a call by movement" steps of the building by 

the print and transport Only a few moments be- reporters and photographers, 
unions to other unions to fore be arrived, a Soeal -Rm ihnt tunc «nt thp word 
instruct their members not to official 


arrived. 


- Fatty genes 

Fatness is ca used by @?nes 

• y rather than upbringing, which 

• * may help scientists to find 
\ 'r\ out how to combat obesity. 

T according to research just 
published Page 2 

" Scotland win 

Scotland began their prepara- 
tions. for the World Cup 
.- finals, with an undistin- 
guished 1-0 win in a practice 
match: -against Israel in Tel 


ifaweNms Z41Dtey „ 

Ovorsm S£ i Features 8-» 

Law Repeals 21 

i Leading 

articles It 

Letters U 

ParBwent 4 
CUAmrm 12 

Sport 19*21 
— , TV A Kadis 23 
Crcusmrds 1 Wothrr 24 



cross picket lines at News d 
International's new plants in fi 
Wapping, east London, and F 
in Glasgow. - 

The council also decided to 
go ahead with its suspension 
proce dure against the 
EETPU. A complaint by the 
print unions would be heard 
on Thursday and the findings 
considered by the council 
next week: 

Mr Eric Hammond, the 
EETPU general secretary, ^ 
was die . only union leader at 
the meeting to register dis- 
sent. 

Mr Hammond was kicked 
and punched when he arrived 
with colleagues at Congress 
House and said afterwards, 
that he thought, some, union . 
officials were among those 
responsible. ■ 

Police fought to hold back 
demonstrators as he arrived 
at the meeting, and one print 
worker shouted , “You have 
put me out- of a job, ^ 
Hammond. You are a dis- m 


appealed 


demonstrators to refrain 
from physical protests. Mr 
Hammond said later that he 


steps of the building by 
reporters and photographers. 

“But that was not the worst 
of it Inside Ihe foyer there 
were union officials who 

Continued on back page, col 6 





Mr Hammond bring jostled at Congress House yesterday 


Mr Kenneth Baker's local 
government reform package 
was given a surprisingly 
warm welcome Iasi night by 
Conservative backbenchers 
buoyed up by the prospect of 
an end 10 the archaic rates 
system. 

Instead of the anticipated 
reservations about the pro- 
posed poll tax. known as the 
community charge. Govern- 
ment supporters went out of 
their way to welcome the 
concept of restoring the 
relationship between those 
who vote and those who pay 
towards town hall spending. 

Sir Hugh Rossi, MP for 
Hornsey and Wood Green, 
and a Former environment 
minister, summed up the 
feeling of his colleagues when 
he said the return “at last" of 
the connection between tax- 
ation and representation 
would be widely welcomed in 
the country. 

With the Prime Minister 
listening to her party's re- 
action to Mr Baker's state- 
ment. Mr Ian Gow. her 
former parliamentary private 
secretary, insisted the pro- 
posals represented a great 
advance in equity in taxation. 

One of the few criticisms 
came from Mr Robert 


Rhodes James. MP for Cam 
•bridge, who said although it 
was acceptable that higher 
education students should 
pay the proposed community 
charge, they were already 
suffering from loss of grant 
and should be covered by low 
income protection. 

Local council repre- 
sentatives and finance 
specialists will seek a pro- 

De tails 4 

Leading article 11 

longed debate on the pro- 
posals. most arguing that 
some form of domestic prop- 
erty tax should be retained. 

The Association of County 
Councils has asked for the 
consultation period to be 
extended from July to Octo- 
ber to enable its member 
authorities to respond to the 
proposals. 

Mr David BlunketL deputy 
chairman of Ihe Association 
of Metropolitan Authorities, 
called the community chaige 
a “dressed up poll tax". 
.Along with the proposal to 
fix industrial rates, it would 
increase central control and 
continue the government's 
attempt to link voting with 
property and wealth. 



Contrary to popular belief, you done have to own a 
mansion in be liable for Capital Transfer Tax. 

If the total %alue nl jour home, its contents, your cac 
savings and life assurance exceeds the magic sum, you should 
be prepared. 

A little planning now will save a lot of money later. 

Hill Samuel oiler personal advice and a range of plans 
to suit anyone faced with this tax liability. 

So. its not just i eirr standard of living that needs to 
be maintained and improved. We’ll look after your next 
generation, too. 

If you’d like to know more, simply complete and post 
the coupon today 


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THE TIMF,S WEDNESDAY JANUARY 29 1986 



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Failure raises vital questions over future of programme 


Maximum throttle- 
shuttle’s most 
vulnerable moment 


By Pearce Wright Science Editor 


The shuttle explosion was 
the fourth catastrophe, and 
-the worst, in which as- 
tronauts died in either the 
-American or Russian pro- 
gramme. The accident oc- 
curred about One min ute 
after launch, when the ve- 
hicle was at its most vulner- 
able. ii was at the stage of the 
mission when the com- 
mander of the vehicle put 
maximum throttle on bis 
ines. 


flights have been delayed by rocket boosters strapped on 
an increasing number of the side. After their fuel is 


small faults. 

The explosion happened in 
a part of the equipment 
which made the shuttle a 
unique form of launch ve- 
hicle. The part of the 
equipment, which is a huge 
cylinder carrying fuel, is the 
place where the explosion 
appears to have occurred. 
Almost an hour after blast 
off. debris from the vehicle 


consumed, those rockets 
separate from the shuttle and 
fall on parachutes into ihe 
ocean. The empty casings are 
recovered and reused. These 
are the largest solid fuel 
rockets ever flown; they are 
149 feet long and over 12 feet 
in diameter. They are the 
first ever designed for reuse. 

The fuel for the main 


engines. »» « T iau.w uum mv . . , . _ , _ _ . 

This was needed to leave was still felling from over 4 “P"® 5 of the sh uttle. located 
the atmosphere and reach for miles high into the ocean. J* *2**®**' °\ “? e 

- " The shuttle's propulsion come from a_ tank which is 

comes from a number of made of almmmum. It is 154 
sources. There are two solid f* long and over 27 feet in 
rocket engines strapped to the mameter. It is die hugest 
cylinder, which is known as sin S* e component _ of the 
the external tank, and there SP®** shuttle, and it is the 
are engines at the rear of the ,<mly part which is not reused, 
aeroplane-like Orbiier craft, A . material 

that carries the astronauts winch is rolled into a 


the com pari tive safety of 
orbit But it was also the 
moment of greatest stress on 
the machine. 

The accident questions a 
system on which the Ameri- 
cans have placed their faith 
for the next 20 years of space 
■exploration. 



Question mark 
over first 
Briton in space 


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UHlittUUIk UMlt MUIIV4 UJV tuuwuuukj - - ... m > 

This was the 25th trial of and any experimental equip- 


one of the fleet of shuttle 
vehicles. But the last three 



znent ' side. This material was de- 

Fuel is fed into these si 8 ne< ! 10 provi^ the largest 
engines, and there are three 

which are the most advanced the fuel tank that would 
type ever built. have to carry hundreds of 

They bum liquid hydrogen tonncs of P«>peUmiL But it is 
and oxygen under high pres- a structure which could be 
sure. There is an emense Penetrated quite easily by a 
thrust of 375,000 pounds sh® 1 ? hut small object 
from each one. Normally, when the ex- 

Tbe thrust is varied from temal tank is empty, it is 


>'? . •: . : ■ ■ ? «* = ... v .■ * i?;- ■■ £ ;■£. ' .. 


about 65% to maximum 
throttle during a flight The 
stage had been reached at 
which maximum throttle was 
required. 

During a lift off most of 
the power to the shnttie is 
provided by the two solid 


allowed to enter the at- 
mosphere to break apart and 
bum up over the In dian 
ocean. 

Two large conduits feed 
fuel from the tank into the 
Orbiter’s rear fuselage. 





The destruction of the 
space shuttle Challenger must 
raise a question mark over 
whether the first Briton will 
now be able to go into space 
m June, as planned, even 
though he is scheduled to 
make his flight in the other 
shuttle vehicle, Columbia. 
The Ministry of Defence said 
last night that it was too early 
to say how this flight would 
be affected. 

Squadron Leader Nigel 
Wood, and his back-up. 
Lieutenant Colonel Richard 
Farrimond, were due to fly 
out to NASA headquarters at 
Houston, Texas this week for 
a four month training course 
culminating in the flight in 
June during which a British 
military communications sat- 
ellite is s ch edu le d to be 
launched. 

A second satellite flight 
carrying a British payload is 
scheduled for January 1987. 
Commander Peter Longhurst 
has been selected to make 
that flight, with Mr Chris- 
topher Holmes, a Ministry of 
Defence civilian specialist, as 
his possible substitute. 

The Ministry of Defence 
said that the four members of 
the British team had sent a 
telex message of sympathy to 
NASA. The astronauts said; 
"We are greatly saddened by 
the tragic loss of life at the 
Kennedy Space Centre and 
the deepest sympathy is 
extended to the wives and 
families of the shuttle crew.” 

They said that the full 
circumstances of the accident 
were still not known and 
therefore its impact on the 
Skynet programme could not 
be determined. 


Squadron Leader Wood 
was selected to make the first 
flight last April after all four 
candidates had undergone 
extensive training in Britain 
and the United States. 

Apart from putting . the 
Skynet-4 communications 
satellite into orbit it had been 
hoped that six British space 0 
experiments would be con- 
ducted during the week long 
flight in June. 

There was considerable 
disa ppointment in Europe 
when Britain first elected to 
use the shuttle to put Skynet 
into orbit. It bail been hoped 
that Britain would have 
chosen lo use the European 
space vehicle, Ariadne. 

The British astronaut team 
was wailing for a full picture 
before making a complete 
statement, but team spokes- 
man Sandy Henney said: 
"Obviously we are devastated 
by this news, it is a loss of 
life." 

The team will hold a press 
briefing at the Ministry of 
Defence today before setting 
off from RAF Brize Norton 
later this week for final 
training. 

Sqdn Ldr Wood, a father 
of two, was chosen for the 
prestige mission last April.He 
joined the RAF in 1968 and 
worked with Ihe US Air 
Force in California for three 
years. . 

Meanwhile, Lloyd's of* 
London, which insures some 
space satellites, said the 
shuttle was insured by Nasa, 
and initial indications were 
that none of the satellite 
equipment on board had 
been insured by Lloyd’s. 


< 4 / 




I «■ 




Catastrophe raises 
Star Wars doubts 

By Henry Stanhope 


The trail left by Challenger as it explodes (top right). 

Earlier shuttle crises Previous maimed space disasters 
caused no loss of life 


1 


ki ; 



Two minutes to disaster.. 


One big question ansing 
from last night's shuttle 
disaster is what impact it will 
have upon the United States 
Star Wars programme. 

Despite the emphasis on 
scientific exploration which 
the United Stales has always 
placed on the shuttle, it has 
always been understood that 
its long-ierrh benefits would 
arise most clearly from mili- 
tary application in an age 
when armies depend heavily 
on satellites. 


Russian leaders have 
continually protested over 
the development of the shut- 
tle as a provocation - opening 
up the possibilities of the 
American military interfering 
with Soviet satellites. 

It is unlikely that 
yesterday's disaster will dis- 
rupt entirely Washington’s 
plans for the Strategic De- 
fence Initiative. But it will 
feel the doubts of sceptics on 
both sides of the Atlantic. 


The shuttle has en- 
countered a variety of equip- 
ment problems in flight, but 
none was considered fife- 
threatening. There were two 
previous branch aborts just 
seconds before take-off. 

One mission, the shuttle’s 
second flight in 1981, was cut 
short by trouble with a fuel 
cell generator. 

The first launch abort 
occurred on June 26, 1984, 
when the main engines on the 
new shnttie Discovery were 
shut down in the start-up 


sequence four seconds before 
planned lift-off. 

The ship's computers de- 
tected the problem and halted 
the fanmeh sequence. Small 
hydrogen fires flared up 
beneath the shuttle but they 
were extinguished quickly by 
water sprays-The crew of six 
was in no danger. 

On July 12, 1985, the 
blast-off of file shuttle Chal- 
lenger was aborted only three 
seconds before planned lift- 
off by the faHn re of an Sin 
coolant valve. - 


The previous most serious 
failures in the 25-year history 
of manned space exploration 
were: 

January 27, 1967: Apollo 
moon capsule bums on 
launch pad, killing three 
astronauts on board. Virgil 
Grissom, Edward White and 
Roger Chaffee. 

April 24, 1967: Soyuz 1 
cosmonaut Vladimir 
Komarov killed when space- 
craft encounters control prob- 
lems during re-entry, and 
capsule parachute fails. 
Spacecraft crashes into the 
Urals Mountains. 

April, 1970: Oxygen tank in 


Apollo command ship ex- 
plodes en route to moon, 
forcing three man crew to 
make dramatic loop around 
moon and return to Earth 
with dwindling supplies of 
oxygen. Crew lands safely in 
Pacific Ocean. 

June 30, 1971: Soyuz 11 
decompresses due to hatch 
seal failure. Cosmonauts 
Georgy Dobrovolsky. 
Vladislav Volkov and Viktor 
Patsayev found dead when 
spacecraft lands automati- 
cally. 

April 5, 1975: flight of Soyuz 
19 aborted shortly after 
launch because of upper stage 


rocket failure. Cosmonauts 
Vasily Lazarev and Oleg 
Makarov rescued after land- 
ing in mountainous region of 
Siberia. 

April 22, 1983: Soyuz T-8 
with cosmonauts Vladimir 
Titov, Alexander Serebrov 
and Gennady Strekalov 
aboard turns back after miss- 
ing linkup with Salyut space 
station. 

September 26, 1983: Rocket 
carrying Soyuz spacecraft 
with two-man crew catches 
fire before engine ignition on 
launch pad, and crew capsule 
pulled to safety by launch 
abort rockets. 


Plan to raise school 
starting age to six 
is studied by MPs 


By Stephen Goodwin, political staff 


The possibility of raising 
the compulsory school stan- 
ding age from five years old to 
six is being explored by the 
iail-pany Commons education 
select committee. 

The idea emerged at a 
meeting of the committee 
yesterday, bui was given 
■shon shrift by a primary 
schools adviser who told the 
-MPs it would be “most 
1 counter-productive’ unless 
-backed by pre-school 
^opportunities for all children. 

The Commons committee 
is considering a change to the 
school starting age in the 
course of its investigation 
into achievement in primary 
schools. Both six and four 
were suggested to witnesses 
from the School Curriculum 
Development Committee but 
neither found much favour. 

Mrs Sybil Laver, a Somer- 
set head teacher and member 
of the committee, told the 
MPs that more importance 
should be given to adequate 
resourcing of teaching for 
four year olds rather than 
looking at a starting age of 
six. 

Her view was reinforced by 


Mr Jock Killick, a primary 
adviser from Hampshire, 
who said no case could be 
made out for raising the 
school age if nothing was to 
be done about the 
opponunies such a change 
would remove. 

if the starting age was to be 
six, there would have to be 
properly financed educative 
opportunities which met the 
needs of families with chil- 
dren below that age, Mr 
Killick argued. 

He expressed concern over 
the “patchy" provision made 
at present for under- 
fivcs.“You cannot provide 
properly for children of four 
with up to 35 in a class as is 
the common position today." 

He said the "right age" for 
starting school varied. For 
some children it was four, 
others five or even six. He 
favoured a universal opportu- 
nity of education at four but 
did not want it to be 
compulsory at that age. 

• Three-quarters of all girls 
leave school with only one 
science examination pass or 
with none at all. according to 
a handbook published yes- 


terday by the Schools 
Curriculum Development 
Committee (Lucy Hodges 
writes). 

Moreover the number of 
schoolgirls studying craft 
design and technology is still 
miniscule despite the in- 
troduction of craft fairs in 
secondary schools. As many 
as 98 per cent of girls turn 
away from technical crafts, 
writes Judith White in Gen- 
der. Science and Technology. 
a handbook for teachers. 

She says that although 
there is an increase in the 
number of girls taking phys- 
ical sciences, the rate of 
change is disappointingly 
slow. 

Gender, Seietice and Technol- 
ogy. Longman Resources Unit. 
b2 Hailfield Road. 
Maycnhorpc, York. Y03 YX. 

• A whole generation of 
young history scholars and 
teachers is being lost to 
university history depart- 
ments because of ihe way the 
spending cuis have been 
applied, the Government has 
been told by the Historical 
Association. 


Employers alarmed 


Representatives of all the 
ICM education authorities in 
England and Wales, the 
teachers’ employers, have 
been invited to the Barbican 
Centre next Tuesday to 
discuss the offer made to 
teachers' unions Iasi week. 

Many arc expected lo voice 
alarm ai the provisional 
settlement of 6.9 per cent, 
nsing to S.5 per cent by the 
end of March. They will tell 
their leaders that they cannot 
afford it without extra help 
from central government, but 
this will almost certainly not 
be forthcoming. - 

The purpose of the 
employers' meeting is to. 
legitimize the deal struck at 
Ihe conciliation service. Acas. 
last Fridav. Local authorities 


By Lucy Hodges 
Education Correspondent 

can complain all they like, 
but then: is nothing they can 
do about it and the pro- 
visional settlement is ex- 
pected to be ratified at the 
end of February. 

Yesterday Mr Fred Jarvis, 
general secretary of the Na- 
tional Union of Teachers, the 
biggest teachers' union, which 
lias rejected the deal, queried 
the role played by Mr 
Bernard Ingham, the Prime 
Minister's press secretary, in 
a lobby briefing before 
Christmas. It led to press 
reports that Mrs Thatcher 
wanted disruptive teachers 
"locked out” of schools. 


The NUT is balloting its 
216.000 members on a 
continuation of its work-to- 
nile in schools which is 
expected to prolong the 
disruption in spite of the deal 
struck at Acas. 

The second biggest union, 
the National Association of 
Schoolmastcrs/Union of 
Women Teachers, is balloting 
its members on the deal and 
recommending acceptance. 
Only when the results are 
known will it call off its 
strikes. The third biggest 
union, the Assistant Masters 
and Mistresses Association, 
which is also recommending 
acceptance, is expected to call 
off its work-to-rule next 
Mondav. 


Drink charge man found dead 


A man feeing a drink 
driving charge was found 
dead in his home yesterday 
while police outside were 
waiting for him to change his 
clothes. 


Two officers entered the 
house in Green Lane. 
Cal dicot, Gwent, and found 
the body of Mr Paul Grear. 
aged 29. after hearing a shot 
as they stood in the street. 


t. 


They had accompanied 
him from Chepstow police 
station to his home to allow 
him to change his clothes 
before appearing at 
magistrates' court- 


Reforms 
urged 
in courts 

By Frances Gibb, 

Radical measures to tackle 
the mounting crisis of conges- 
tion in the Commercial Court 
in London caused by inter- 
national demand are urged in 
a report published yesterday. 

At the very least there 
must be wide-ranging reforms 
to speed up proceedings in 
the court whose litigation is 
now “an invisible export of 
importance", it says. 

The report, by a committee 
of lawyers, has the backing of 
the Lord Chief Justice. It says 
these would include cutting 
back on lengthy opening 
speeches by counsel, ending 
protracted reading aloud of 
documents and legal authori- 
ties. exchange of witness 
statements between parties, 
providing the judge with a 
summary 1 of main points and 
issues and written judge- 
ments which would be 
handed down and not read. 

But it says that if present 
policy allowed it. the obvious 
solution would be a commer- 
cial one: to appoint more 
judges, back-up staff and 
improve facilities and charge 
litigants for the service. 

Sir John Donaldson. Mas- 
ter of the Rolls, and senior 
judge of the Commercial 
Court Committee, said the 
court was “being strangled by 
its own success". 

In four years the court's 
workload had doubled; cases 
were increasing in complexity 
and documentation had 
proliferated. 

The repon. he said, was a 
"clarion call to get back to 
basics". 

The court is a “dispute 
settling service with an inter- 
national clientele" and it 
forms an essential part of the 
commercial services provided 
by the City of London. 

The working party, drawn 
from the judges and lawyers 
in the Commercial Court 
Committee, says that in the 
past five years the Commer- 
cial Court has feoed a big 
increase in work with its five 
judges coping with a big rise 
in writs and summons 
issued. “Demand for judge 
lime is exceeding supply." 

Among other changes in 
proceedings called for are: 
strict control to ensure cases 
arc removed from the list if 
they do not require the 
special expertise of the 
Commercial Court: belter 
preparation and indexing of 
documents: better pre-trial 
preparation with timetables 
for each stage in prelimary 
proceedings. 


The Westland affair 

Thatcher silence 



By Anthony Bevins 
Political Correspondent 


Mrs Margaret Thatcher 
yesterday put up the shutters 
on the Westland affair, with a 
blanket Commons refusal to 
answer further questions. _ 

The mood of Labour de- 
pression, caused by Mr Neil 
Kinnock's poor Commons 
performance in Monday's 
debate, was aggravated by the 
frustration offering a Prime 
Minister who referred all 
questions back to her Mon- 
day speech. She then said 
each time: “I have nothing 
else to add.” 

The Labour leader tried to 
get Mrs Thatcher to concede 
that there was no difference 
between acceptance and 
acquiescence when Downing 
Street had responded to the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry over the leak of the 
Solicitor General’s letter. 

He asked Mrs Thatcher to 
give a straightforward answer 
to a straightforward question. 

Mrs Thatcher said: *T do 
not share Mr Kinnock’s view 
of a straightforward question. 
I have nothing further to 
add.” 

Labour backbenchers who 
had cheered Mr Kinnock 
along when he had stood up 


noticeably failed to cheer 
when he sat down. 

But they did cheer when 
Mr Ronald Davies, the La- 
bour MP for Caerphilly, 
asked: "Does not the Prime 
Minister think that the best 
deployment of the polygraph, 
the lie detector, would not be 
at GCHQ Cheltenham but at 
Downing Street?” Mrs 
Thatcher said again: “I have 
nothing to add to the replies I 
have already given." 

. The only new revelation 
yesterday was immediately 
knocked down by Whitehall 
sources. Mr Alex Carlile, the 
Liberal MP for Montgomery, 
alleged in the House that the 
Prime Minister, or someone 
acting on her behalf, had 
telephoned Miss Colette 
Bo we, the DTI head of 
information who leaked the 
Mayhew letter, at her London 
dub on January 20 - two 
days before the leak inquiry 
reported. 

Downing Street sources 
said last night that Miss 
Bo we bad not been at her 
dub, the Reform Cub, for 
"several weeks" and that the 
Prime Minister bad not 
spoken to Miss Bo we this 
month, if she ever bad 
spoken to her. 


Call for 
water 
increases 

By Hugh Clayton 

Thames Water, largest of 
the nine English watpr 
authorities, predicted yes- 
terday that demand in its 
area would rise by 27 per cent 
in the next 25 years. 

The authority expects the 
leap in household demand 
willmore than compensate for 
any continuing tied me in 
water use by industry. 

Mr BUI Harper, tbe 
managing director, said there 
were two main reasons for the 
expected increase In total 
household use of water. One 
was the growing use of 
appliances such as dish- 
washers and the other the 
growing number of house- 
holds. More people were 
living alone, which meant 
that the number of house- 
holds was going up even 
though the population was 
almost mt f hanged . 


‘Heroin’ 

drug 

tastes nice 

It was “not inconceivable" 
that a baby could have 
helped herself to an overdose 
of a heroin substitute, a 
forensic scientist told the 
Central Criminal Court yes- 
terday. 

Simone RusselL aged 15 
months, died of a massive 
overdose of methandone. a 
green liquid, in February last 
year. Her heroin addict 
parents. Andrew and Marion 
Russell deny manslaughter 
and child cruelty. 

Mrs Barbara Mills, for the 
prosecution, has alleged that 
the Russells. both aged 36. 
unemployed, of LaridiiU Es- 
tate. Slock well, south Lon- 
don. admitted to police they 
gave their daughter dummies 
dipping in methadone to 
quieten her during teething 
troubles. 

But Dr John Taylor, a drug 
specialist with the Metropoli- 
tan Police, said it was 
unlikely that the child got all 
of the drug from her dummy 


Fatness is 
blamed 
on genes 

By Pearce Wright 
Science Editor 

Tbe latest medical research 
contains some bad news and 
some good news about fat- 
ness. The bad news is that 
your fete is determined at 
birth. 

The most important thing 
that decides your silhouette, 
ranging from marked thin- 
ness to marked fatness, is 
your genes. 

The discovery was made by 
looking at a group of 540 
young adults, all of whom bad 
beeo adopted. 

Measurements were made 
of their body fat, and this 
gave a body weight index. 
Individuals were then divided 
into four groups, from very 
thin to very feL 

The researchers found a 
dose relationship between the 
index for the individuals and 
their natural biological par- 
ents. Bat in every case there 
was no link between parents 
and their adopted children. 

The details are reported in 
the New England Journal of 
Medicine. Previous attempts 
to explore links between 
fatness, genetics and upbring- 
ing relied on looking at twins. 
The results were inconclusive. 

Tbe findings are described 
as uneqidvocaL They showed 
dearly that a tendency to get 
fat is inherited. The feet that 
obesity is biologically deter- 
mined is very bad news. It 
could mean that attempts to 
control it by diet and 
bebavionral therapy are 
bound to be a waste of time. 

Tbe better news comes in 
other results reported in the 
journal. Now tbe discovery of 
tbe influence of genetic fee- 
tors has been made, doctors 
are beginning to understand 
why attempts to control 
weight have had such a 
varied response. 

Moreover, there are some 
noii-genetic influences which 
are clearly identified. 

They were demonstrated in 
additional research by Dr A 
Sdafani with thin and fat 
rats. Naturally thin rats could 
be made to grow fat by 
feeding them on a high-fat 
diet or a “cafeteria" diet of 
snack foods. 

When they were switched 
back to the normal diet, they 
lost their fat. But the geneti- 
cally fat ones put on weight 
even when they’ were sus- 
tained on normal well-bal- 
anced foods. 


Labour 
holds 
fire on + 
Militants 

The Labour Party agreed in 
the High Court yesterday not 
to begin moves to expel 
members of the Liverpool 
Labour Party at today's 
meeting of the party's na- 
tional executive. 

The NEC is to receive an 
interim report by the inquiry 
team looking into allegations 
that the Liverpool District 
Party has been taken over by 
supporters of the Militant 
Tendency. 

At the High Court yes- . 
terday. four leading members & 
of the Liverpool Party, 
headed by the President, Mr 
Tony Mulhearn. sought an 
injunction requiring the party 
to observe its rules and give 
those accused of belonging; 

to defe 


* 


to 

nd 


Militant a chance 
themselves. 

But after a four-hour pri- 
vate hearing before Mr Jus- 
tice Gatehouse, the group 
withdrew their injunction 
application. 

Mr Mulhearn said he had 
decided to halt the hearing 
after the party's national 
secretary. Mr Larry Whitty. 
told the judge that no alleged 
member of Militant would be 
expelled without being given 
a bearing. 

Mr Mulhearn said: "We 
have secured something to- 
day which we should have 
secured a long time ago. All 
we have ever sought is that 
we should be treated fairly.” 

The lawyers for the Liver- 
pool group, which comprised 
Mr Mulhearn, Terry Harri- 
son, Vice-President. Felicity 
Dowling, secretary and John 
Hamilton, treasurer, said 
they would come back to 
court if disciplinary moves 
were made as a result of the 
interim report. 

•Labour's inquiry into the 
Militant-dominated Liver- 
pool party has been extended 
by at least a month. 

Further claims of alleged 
intimidation and corruption 
by Militant supporters were 
published yesterday in the 
left-wing Chartist magazine. 

In its evidence to ihe 
inquiry, the Mersevside La- 
bour Co-ordinating Commii- 
lee says verbal abuse is 
commonplace, physical 
threats have -been made and 
ihe council’s static security 
force at party meetings fright- 
ened Militant critics. 

The committee said Mili- 
tant councillors had labelled 
their opponents: "Rats, cre- 
tins. wimps, friends of the 
Tones, and enemies Of the 
■ class." 


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WEDNESDAY JANUAkv -> 9 1W6 


nuivih/i/vEK^criO News 




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‘Space exploration not just for astronauts 


Teacher won 


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Christa McAaHflfe leaving to board Challenger yesterday 


By Onr Foreign Staff 

Mrs Sharon Christa 
McAuliffe. the civilian 
“astro naui" who won a place 
on yesterday's ill-fated launch 
in competition against teach- 
ers throughout the United 
States, had said she hoped to 
“humanize the technology of 
the space age" for her 
students- 

"1 still can’t believe they 
are actually going to let me 
go up in the shuttle." she said 
in September as she pinned 
on her National Aeronautics 
and Space Administration 
identification badge. 

Mrs McAuliffe was named 
in July as the winner among 
11.000 teachers who had 
applied to be the first 
educator in orbit. 

- "I want to demystify Nasa 
and space flight." she said 
during competition among 
the 10 teacher finalists in 
Houston, Texas. "I want 
students to see and under- 
stand the special perspective 
of space and relate it to 
them.” 

Her parents stared in utter 
disbelief as they watched the 







eaper 
petrol by 
weekend 



By David Y 


The Ford Escort Ghia being prodsced for March launch 

Fdrd to offer anti-lock 
brakes on new Escort 

JtyC&fford Webb, Motoring Correspondent 


The replacement for the 
Fort Escort, Britain’s biggest 
selling 'car, wifi be the first 
smalt family car to be offered 
with a cheap anti-lode brak- 
ing -system developed by a 
British company and new 
file! saving “lean burn" 


Production of the new 
Escort and its sister model 
the Orion has begun at FonTs 
Hale wood plant on 
Merseyside ready for a public 
bunch early in March. The 
main chan ge in the car’s 
appearance is a new Sierra 
type, streamlined from half. 


But anti-lock brakes wifi 
not be standard equipment as 
on the new Granada. 

Prices win not be an- 
nounced until much nearer 
the launch date but I under- 
stand that the anti-lock will 
cost an .extra £300. 

New 1.4 and 1.6 litre “lean 
burn" engines being manu- 
factured at Bridgend, South 
Wales, will operate with an 
air to fuel ratio of 18:1 
'compared with the more 
normal 14:1. Ford claims it 
reduces consumption by up 
to II per cent. ' 


. Petrol prices are set to 
tumble, with one of the big oil 
companies predicting that by 
the weekend motorists will be 
paying as much as Sp a 
gallon less. 

The fall in foe price of 
crude oil, which has dropped 
by more than $10 a barrel 
this year, has given the big’ 
companies more room fori 
manoeuvre than at any time, 
since toe early 1970s, al- 
though the foil benefit of the 
price fall in world ofl markets 
cannot be passed on because 
much of it has been cancelled 
by the drop in the valne of 
the pound. 

Current posted prices are 
19&lp a gallon for four star, 
bat few motorists are paying 
toe foil price. 

Some supermarket filling 
stations are charging 180.5p 
a gallon and in the South-east 
toe average price is 187p. 

BP has led the way with 
cots of more than 4p a gallon 
in the price of home heating 
ofl 


Doctors call for tobacco tax rise 


Two hundred health, 
church and community ser- 
vice organizations, including 
the British Medical Associ- 
ation called yesterday for a 
“significant" increase in to- 
bacco tax to stop young 
children from smoking and 
to encourage adults to give 
up the habit. 

With toe Budget doe in 
March; the organizations 
pointed out that in 1984 
tobacco taxes were raised 
above inflation 

Government-commis- 
sioned research shows that 


By Nicholas Timmins 
smoking among school- 
children is “alarmingly high" 
with 41 per cent of 16-year- 
olds smoking, compared with 
36 per cent of adult men and 
32 per cent of women. The 
figures also suggest under-age 
smoking may oe increasing. 

Children are estimated to 
spend more than £70 million 
a year on cigarettes. But with 
average pocket money at 
£1.09 and a packet of twenty 
costing about £1.36, a big 
increase mil help deter 
underage smoking.' the 


organizations maintain. 

A petition backing higher 
cigarette prices was handed 
to toe Chancellor yesterday. 
It is backed by 100 health 
authorities. SO health educa- 
tion departments and 
organizations ranging from 
the Boys' Brigade to the 
British Cardiac Society. 

Mr Norman Fowler, Sec- 
retary of State for Social 
Services, is understood to 
have also pressed Mr Nigel 
Lawson for a significant 
increase above inflation 


Jobs for few in ‘silent service’ 


Far from the madding 
crowd worthwhile jobs beckon 
for those who wish to turn 
their backs on toe tribnla- 
tioos of modern tiring. 

Bert inevitably there are 
drawbacks for one condition 
is that successful applicants 
nrast take a vow of silence 
nnd arise tong before dawn to 
worship God. 

The •Vacancies'" exist on 
CaWy Island off the west 
Wales coast where the 
community -of Costercian _ 
monks fear tint their moa- ' 
astery may die out unless at 
least eight new novices come 


By Tim Jones 

forward to increase their 
numbers. 

Father Robert, the abbot, 
said yesterday: “1 suppose 
there is a danger of os dying 
out unless new people receive 
the call from Cod and come 
forward. Onr average age is 
over 60 and onr way of life 
appears to be less attractive 
ever since it became fashion- 
able id the 1960s to he 
opposed to anything 
institutionalized**. 

New recruits will be ex- 
pected to learn hew to make a 
wide variety of produce which 
has established the Order as 


unique in Europe. The IS 
monks prod nee cream from 
their dairy herd, yoghurt, 
perfume awl tourist souvenirs 
to finance their simple way of 
life. They also ran a Gum, 
post office and a school. 

Three young novices who 
arrived on the island last year 
helped to compensate for the 
death of three of toe monks 
but several more are needed if 
the monastery is to survive. 

Father Robert said that the 
rewards were simply the 
labour of !ove and serving 
God and the Catholic 
Church. 


Shuttle explode and fall into 
the Atlantic. Then they wept. 

Mr Edward" Corrigan, And 
his wife, Grace, of Framing- 
ham, Massachusetts, watched 
the launch from a VIP 
viewing site three miles from 
launch pad 39B. 

They cheered with the rest 
of the crowd as Challenger 
lifted off the pad and soared 
skyward. But their smiles and 
cheers turned to horror as the 
spacecraft blew a pan about 
two minutes after launch. 

A hushed, chilled silence 
fell over the watching crowd. 
"Oh, my God", said one 
woman. “No! No! No!" 
pleaded another. 

With looks of shock. Mr 
and Mrs Corrigan watched as 
a bright orange ball of flame 
shot from the shuttle. They’ 
continued to stare skyward in 
disbelief 

Crying, the grieving par- 
ents hugged and kept looking 
toward the sky. They said 
nothing. Friends consoled 
them and Nasa officials 
shielded them from other 
spectators. 

Finally, after several end- 
less minutes of staring at the 
'fading contrails. the 
Corrigans, red-eyed and 
stunned, were led away by 
friends and Nasa officials. 

Through 
McAuliffe's training, her hus- 
band. Steven, a lawyer, and 
their children. Scott, aged 9. 
and Caroline. 6, had stayed at 
home in Concord. New 
Hampshire. She said recently 
that Scott understood what 
she was doing, but that 
Caroline called occasionally 
to ask: "Mom, are you in 
space yet?" 

Mrs McAuliffe, aged 37, 
taught in primary school for 
nine years before joining 
Concord High School as a- 
teacher in economics, history, 
and law three years ago. She 
said in her application to 
Nasa that she would like to 
record her trip to help 


fat&HMght in competition 


mum 














* 5 * ’1 

i 


"1 





T5? S’* 71/ii fro speralistswho lost their tires on Challenger (fhtm 

and Ronald McNair with (from back left) Ellison Oniznka, Christa McAuliffe, Gregory Jarvis and Judith Resni? 




“humanize the technology of 
the space age" through the 
observations of a non-astro- 
naut. 

I want to demystify Nasa 
and space flight," she said. 
"The astronauts are not 
really connecting with the 
average student in the class- 
room. I want students to see 
and understand the special 
perspective of space and 
relate it to them." 

In an interview days before 
launch, she said she was "not 
naive enough to think that 1 
am the best in my 
profession." 

I happen to be from a 
small state that 'didn't have 
as many applicants as 
California, for example. 
There's a lot of luck in being 
at the right place at the right 
time”. 

Students at her high school 
in Concord, New Hampshire. 


cheered her launch wildly 
yesterday, then sal in stunned 
silence as the shuttle ex- 
ploded. 


has a PhD in electrical 
engineering from the Univer- 
sity of Maryland. She became 
an astronaut in 1978. During 


made such a big thing about an earlier mission had helped 
it Everyone's watching her to deploy three communica- 

„ r’li i m • . 


and she gets killed." 

On the streets of Concord. 


uons satellites. 
The space 


people gathered in front of mander was Francis Scobee. 


television sets in Main Street 
storefronts and looked at the 
launch in silent horror. At 
the State House, word of the 
launch quickly filtered 
through the halls. 

Earlier in the day, the 
school"* 1200 students wore 
party hats and blared noise- 
makers in preparation for the 
launch. 

Mrs McAuliffe's woman 
companion on the ill-fated 
flight was an astronaut. Dr 
Judith Resriik. who was one 
of the three mission special- 
ists. 

Born on April 5. 1949. she 


Bom in May 1939. he 
became a Nasa astronaut in 
197S. He was a combat pilot 
during the Vietnam war and 
had logged more than 6.500 
hours in 45 types of aircraft. 
He piloted a shuttle flight 
1984. 

Michael Smith, a US Navy 
commander, was the Chal- 
lenger pilot Bom on April 
30. 1 945. he became an 
astronaut in 1980. He was on 
the USS Kitty Hawk during 
the Vietnam war and was 
awarded the Navy Distin- 
guished Flying Cross and 
other medals. 


Ronald McNair, a mission 
specialist had a PhD in 
physics. He conducted re- 
search on electro-optic laser 
modulation for satcllite-to- 
saiellite space communica- 
tions. and was on a previous 
shuttle mission which de- 
ployed two communications 
satellites. 

Ellison Onizuka. a lieuten- 
ant colonel in the US Air 
Force, is a mission specialist 
who became an astronaut in 
1978. Bom in June 24. 1946. 
in Hawaii, he received high 
degrees in aerospace en- 
gineering from the University 
of Colorado. 


Gregory Jarvis, a payload 
specialist, was bom on Au- 
gust 24. 1944. He received a 
BSc degree in electrical en- 
gineering, and had worked on 
advanced tactical commu- 


nications satellites. 



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/ 









JHOMENEWS 




PARLIAMENT JANUARY 28 1986 


Row rumbles on 


Thatcher refuses to 
expand on Westland 


Mrs Margaret Thatcher, the 

"•ow Minister, refused during 
Commons questions to olaho* 
rate on the statement she gave 
yesterday on the Westland 
affair. 


Asked repeatedly by the 
Opposition if there had been 


Any reference in the report of 


Mrs Thatcher: Mr Leon 
Brittan said yesterday he could 
and did confirm the statement 
which 1 made was correct with 
regard to all the facts in his 
knowledge. I have nothing else 
to add. 

Mr Neil Kinnock, Leader of the 
Opposition: If a Department of 


differences of understanding 
bdweea civil servants she 
msisted the accuracy of all the 
(acts in her statement had been 
checked with all those con- 
cerned and she bad nothing to 
add. 

Mr Roger Livsey (Brecon 
and Radnor. L) opening the 
exchanges, asked: In view of 
tne furore over the leak of the 
Government letter. wQl the 
Prime Minister not agree that 
now is the time to institute a 
Freedom from Information Act? 
(Loud laughter) 

Mrs Thatcher No. 

Mr James Lomond (Oldham 
Central and Royton. Lab): 
When the Prime Minister 
received the report last week 
from the Cabinet Secretary 
about the leak, did it in that re- 
port make reference to a 
difference of understanding 
among civil servants? 

Mrs Thatcher: In my speech 
yesterday I set out the full 
circumstances. The accuracy 
was checked with all those 
concerned. 

Mr Alexander Carlile 
(Montgomery. L): On January 
20 this year, late in the 
evening, the Prime Minister or 

SOI 


Prime Minister's office and 
gets acceptance, is not that 
acceptance acquiescence? Can 
there really be any misunder- 
standing about that? 

Mrs Thatcher 1 made a very 
full statement yesterday. I have 
nothing further to say. 

Mr Kinnoclu If there is no 
dispute, if there is no disagree- 
ment. if there is no refusal, if 
there is no objection, is not 
acceptance or a request for 
agreement acquiescence? Will 
the Prime Minister give a 
straightforward answer to a 
very straightforward question? 
y es or no? 

Mrs Thatcher: I do not share 
fab view of a Straightforward 
question. I have nothing further 
to add. 

Mr Michael Colvin (Rorosey 
and Waterside, C>. Her time 
would be better spent getting 
back to proper matters m state 
rather than listening to the 
waffle on Westland from the 
windbag opposite. 

Yesterday she was found 
guilty of two things - tolerance 
and loyalty to officials and 
Cabinet colleagues. With faults 
like that, who needs qualities? 
Mrs Thatcher: My time b 


«■ wvxnccu V1TU 

servants? She has pot distin- 
guished civil servants In an 
invidious position. 

Daiyell speaking 

It b a matter of honour for 
all politicians to see that civil 
servants at (east get justice 
whether in their own office or 
not. 

Mrs Thatcher: I indicated one 
of the reasons for having an 
enquiry is to enable Officials to 
give their view, i indicated in 
my speech yesterday the ac- 
curacy of all (he facts was 
checked with all those con- 
cerned. 

Mr Raymond Powell (Ogmore,. 
Lab): Would she give a definite, 
truthful reply to Mr Lamond? 
This House will not allow this 
Westland affair to be swept 
under the carpet. A number of 
other questions need to be 
answered. 

Will she assure me she came 
to the House yesterday and 
gave the truth, the whole truth 
and nothing but the truth? 
Mrs Thatcher: I indicated the 
accuracy of what 1 said was 
folly checked with those con- 
cerned. I repeat it and 1 have 
nothing to add. 

Later, during points of order. 


telephoned Miss Colette Bowe. 
Miss Bowe was. silting in her 
London club. 

The Prime Minister told us 
yesrenday who authorized the 
leak of the Solicitor General's 
letter of January 22. Will she 
tell the House what was said 
during this telephone conversa- 
tion with Miss Bowe? 


strategic matters and the politi- 
cal issues of the times that 
must be solved. 

Mr Ronald Davies (Caerphilly. 
Labi: Does out the Prime 
Minister think that the best 
deployment of the polygraph, 
the lie decfector. would not be 
at GCHQ Cheltenham but at 
Downing Street? 


that Conservative backbenchers 
were deliberately drowning out 
questions about Westland. The 
Speaker (Mr Bernard 
Weatherill) said there was 
frequently a good deal of 
background noise and be 
wished it was not so. He would 
continue to ensure a fair 
hearing for all MPs. 


Poorer people getting 
personal pensions 


Ready for 
Uganda 
evacuation 


For the first time people 
were being given the right to a 
personal pension, Mr Norman 
Fowler. Secretary of State for 
Social Services, said in the 
Commons when moving the 
second reading of the Social 
Security Bill. At preweat. some 
1 1 million people had the 
advantage of their own pension 
scheme, nut another 10 million 
were without a scheme of their 
own and would like to have 
one. 

The vast majority of people 
in this country wanted a 
pension of their own. The Bill 
tried to give them that right 
and that encouragement. The 
Government was also con- 
cerned to encourage the spread 
of occupational pension 
schemes where there was 
substantial scope for expan- 
sion. 

The Bill provided an alter- 
native route to an occupational 
pension. Basically it enabled 
pension schemes based on a 
defined level of contribution to 
contract out of the slate 
earnings- related scheme. A 
contribution test rather than an 
openended benefit test would 


be an inducement to employers 
to set up schemes. 

The cost of the state earnings 
related scheme was set to 
increase sharply. It was borne 
not by a fijnd which had been 
invested but entirely on a pay 
as you go basis by the 
contributors at the time 
young people now starting on 
their careers. The ration of 
those contributors to pension- 
ers worsened - there would be 
an increase of 3.5 million 


pensioners between the year 
7003 and 2033 while the 


2003 and 2033 while the 
contributing workforce re- 
mained the same. 

If the plans continued un- 
changed the decisions of future 
govemnents would inevitably 
be preempted. For example, if 
they wished to devote more 
resources to caring for the 
elderly through the health or 
social services the public re- 
sources would be already 
committed 

Thai kind of debt should not 
be handed down to future 
genrations and for that reason 
the Government had modified 
the state scheme so that the 
emerging cost was reduced. 


Britain stood readyio pro- 
vide assistance for the evacua- 
tion of the foreign community 
From Uganda shoulld this be 
necessary. Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher, the Prime Minister, 
said during Commons ques- 
tions. 

There appeared to be no 
immediate need for such an 
evacuation and the High 
Commissioner had reported 
that British citizens in Kam- 
pala were safe and the airport 
was expected to open soon to 
normal traffic. 

She was replying to Sir 
Fergus Montgominery (Al- 
trincham and Sale. C) who had 
asked for an assurance that the 
Government would do every- 
thing possible to protect the 
safety of British nasiionat in 
Uganda, following the very 
success fuk evacuation of Aden 
on the Royao yacht Britannia. 


Teacher 

dispute 


Minister pours scorn 
on ‘nanny’ Labour 


The Government did not 
Share the Opposition's enthu- 
siasm for a great big nanny 
statc.Mr Barney Hayboe. Min- 
ister for Health, said when he 
was questioned in the Com- 
mons about progress in im- 
plementing the 

recommendations of the sec- 
ond report of the Social 
Services Committee on 
community care. 

Mr David Heathcoat-Amory 
(Wells, Cl: The committee's 
report recognized that the 
fashion for community care 
had in some respects gone too 
far. Many mental paiienu have 
a need for continuing institu- 
tional care and should not be 
placed in the community, as 
alluring as that phrase may 
sound. 

Mr Hayboe: A proper bal- 
ance must be struck. Generally 
speaking the move from in- 


stitutional to community care 
is desirabJc. 


Mr Michael Meacher. chief 
Opposition spokesman on 
health and social security: How 
can the Government seriously 
claim to believe in community 
care when tens of thousands of 
severely disabled people will 
lose between £40 and £50 a 
week under the Social Security 
Bill and as a result will be 
forced out of their own homes 
into institutions at far higher 
cost to the state. Mr Hayboe: 
His comments are most reveal- 
ing. He apparently believes that 
where people are going about 
what most of us would regard ! 
as ihe normal civilized behav- 
iour of being concerned about 
members of their own family 
in need of care, that 
responsibility should be de- 
volved on to the state. 


Mrs Margaret Thatcher, the 
Prime Minister, welcomed tire 
prospect of an end to the 
damaging disruption of the 
teachers’ dispute and said she 
deeply deplored the strikes. 

During questions in the 
Commons, she said she shared 
the view that it was deeply 
disturbing that the National 
Union of Teachers were not 
part of the Acas negotia t ions 
and she hoped they would 
consider they might adopt the 
Acas solution. 

She was replying to Mr 
Andrew Bowden (Brightgn 
Kemptown, C) who had spoken 
of the growing anger among 
parents at the refusal of the 
NUT to negotiate and asked 
Mrs Thatcher to condemn the 
planned strikes which could 
only do great damage to the 
education of children.. 


Australia Bill 


The Australia Bill, which ter- 
minates the power of Par- 
liament to legislate for 
Australia, was read the third 
time in the House of Lords and 
passed. 


Baker’s plan to replace rates 


Mrs Thatcher: 1 have nothing 
to add to the replies I have 
already gi>cn. 

Mr Tam Dalyell (Linlithgow, 
Lab): WQl she answer Mr 
Lamoad’s question? In (he 
Cabinet Secretary's repeat of 
the leak was there or was there 
not any reference to differences 


The Government favoured 
the introduction of a commu- 
nity charge to replace domestic 
rates. Mr Kenneth Baker, 
Secretary of State for Environ- 
ment, announced when making . 
a statement on the Given Paper 
on rale reform in the Com- 
mons. 

The changes proposed in the 
Green Paper would be modest 
for most people ans the shift to 
the new tax would be gradual 
and manageable in terms of 
household incomes, he said. 
Some people would be paying 
local taxes who presently pay 
nothing. But those living on 
their own who presently pay 
more than their fair share, 
including many of the poorest 
households, would be better 
off 

Dr John Cunningham, chief 
Opposition spokesman on 
environment, claimed the pro- 
posals would be a tax on the 
right to vole. He accused the 
Prime Minister (Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher) ofratting on her 
promise to abolish the rating 
system. He also said the 
proposals would lead to 
highereharges for many busi- 
nesses. 

Mr Baker said: The central 
theme is the need to bolster 
local democratic 

accountability. To do so we 



Baker: Modest changes 


need a way of pay for local 
government which narrows the 


government which narrows the 
gap which exists between those 
who use. those who vote for 
and those who pay for local 
government services. 

Hesaid the three weaknesses 
in the present system were: the 
complex and uncertain effect of 
government grants to focal 
authorities: the way in which 
businesses could be heavily 
taxed to pay for excessive local 
spending: and the unfair bur- 
den on .households of the 
dmoesiic rates. 

Business abd commercial 
ratepayerstiie said) foot 60% of 
the local tax bill but have no 
vote to influence local de- 
cisions. For businesses, rates 
are uncontrollable overhead 
costs which can and do vary 
from year to year very signifi- 
cantly. 

Increased business rates lead 
to higher costs, lower pay or 
job prospects or reduced 
investment Those who are 
ultimately affected are quire 
unaware of how these extra 
burdens - arise. For all these 
reasons nonOdomestic rates 
should not be a local tax. We 
propose that a uniform 
nonOdomestic rate poundage 
should be set centrally. Busi- 
nesses will be protected by 
indexing the poundages to 
inflation so that they can 
predict their liability with 
cnfidence. 

He said trsnsistional arrange- 
ments would be needed for an 

orderly move to th e new 

system. The Government was . 
setting in hand a revaluation of 
all nonOdomestic properties so 
that new rateable values would 
be available from April 1990. 

A new two-part grant struc- 
ture was proposed to replace 
the present unstable and com- 
plex arrangements, he said. A 
needs grant to compensate 
authorities for their different 
needs. A standard grant, to 
reduce local tax bills by a 
standard amount per adult. 
Both grants wo71d be fixed in 
cash in advance lor the year in 
question so local councils 
would know where they stood. 
This would remove the whole, 
paraphernalia of schedules, 
tapers, multipliers and close 
ending (Laoughter) , 

These arrangements (he went 
on) would produce the clearest 
possible relationship between 
changes in spending and 
changes in tax bills. 

Every extra pound spent will 
be met in full by local domestic . 
taxpayers. Every pound saved 
would benefit them in full. 

He said at present 35 million 
adults were eligible to vote in 
local elections. Only IS million 
were directly liable as rate- 
payers. Of these, three million 
had their bill met in full by 
bousing benefit. In many 
authorities well over 50% of the 
voters paid no local rates and 
so had little interest 
inrestrainmg spending by the 
local authority. Indeed they 
had a clear interest that it 
should spend more. 

Rates were unpopular be- 
cause their burden was carried * 
on too few shoulders and 
needed to be spread more ■ 
widely and fairly. The three 
alternatives were a sales tax; a 
local income tax: or a flat-rate 
community charge. The Green • 
Paper set out the many 


difficulties in both the sales tax 
and local income tax and the 
reasons why the Government 
preferred a community charge, 
it would be more closely linked 
to the use of local services and 
would give all adults a stake in 
local spending decisions. 

Each local authorities would 
set its own charge and there 
would have to be registers of all 
adults. The registers would be 
entirely separate from the 
electoral register. This would 
lead to the same local tax bill 
for the same standard of 
service in all areas. That would 


lead to significant changes n 
the distribution of local tax 
burdens between authorities. 
There would have to be 
transitional and safety net 
arrangements. 

In England and Wales (he 
went on) the emm unity charge 
Would start at a low level with 
a corresponding cut in rates. 
The whole burden of any 
increased spending would fell 
on the community charge from 
the start so that a clear link 
would exist between higher 
spending and higher commu- 
nity charges. In- subsequent 
years here would be further 
transfers from rates to the 
community charge. In some 
areas rates would disappear 
within three yearsx and (hey 
would be eliminated in aU 
areas within ten- years. 

There were also plans to 
reform the capital control 
system on which he was 
inviting comments. 

The proposals (he continued) 
amount to the most thorough 
reform of local government 
finance this century. It is right 
there should be a substantial 
period of consultation. We 
have asked for comments by 
July 31. The Secretary of State 
for Scotland will be making a 
statement tomorrow (Wednes- 
day). The pace of further 
developments in England and 
Wales will depend on' the 
outemne of the consultation 
process. 

The message from our stud- 
ies is dear - the way we now 
pay for . local government 
undermines local accountabil- 
ity. This is no basis on which 
to ran democratic local govern- 
ment. It has drawn central 
government deeper into cnflici 
with local government. 

He said the present path led 
to closer centralinvolvemeni in 
local affairs. Instead the Gov- 
ernment could face up to the 
weaknesses in the , present 
arrangements and provide local 
government with a financial 
system to bolster local democ- 
racy. The Government pre- 
ferred this course. 

Dr Cunningham said 
the Labour Parry was prepared 
to accept a genuine attempt to 
increase local accountability 
and to return to. local govern- 
ment the freedoms and local 
democratic control which had 


been consistently eroded during 
the seven years@of 


the seven years<S>of 
tfConservative administration. 

The community charge pro- 
posal was a tax on the right to 
vote. No other western indus- 
trialized democracy imposed 
such a grotesquely unfair sys- 
tem as a basis of a major 
source of local government 
income. The Government had 
rejected this proposal in 1983 
as bureaucratic and expensive. 
What had happened to change 
its mind? 

The business rate system 
proposed would be a further : 
huge centralization of power 
which would undermine, local 


accountability. Wonld this not 
mean higher business raies dor 
many Tory-controlled authori- 
ties? 

Is not this exercise (be said) 
a vain attempt to redeem the 
pledges of the Prime Minister 
and provides a cloak of 
obscurity for the failure of her 
administration for seven years? 

Mr Baker' said the Labour 
Party would have to comet out ' 
and say which system of local 
government finance it would 
support. From Dr 
Cunningham's cro meats he 
concluded be favoured the 
retention of the rating system. 

Under Discs proposals 86% 
of single pensioners would face 
lower bills: 80% of single adult 
households would paytess; and 
businesses in the north, the 
midlands and the north west 
would have lower frills. 

Mr John Heddle (Mid 
Staffordshire. C) said- the in- 
troduction of a community 
charge might just create some 
winners and some losers. To 
avoid .that possibility of regres- 
sion, would Mr Baker extend 
the consultation period beyond 
July 31? 

Mr Bakersaid the local 
authority associations had al- 
ready represented to 1 him that 
they would like a longer time 
than July 31. He was prepared 
to consider this but would not 
want to extend, it beyond 
October. 

Mr Eric Heifer '{UverpooL 
Walton. Lab) asked why if Mr 
Baker was serious about no 
taxation without representation 
the Govenment -had . not 
brought in the concept of local 
income tax which was ex- 
tremely successful in Sweden. 
The Government was propos- 
ing to put further burdens on 
to the shoulders of ordinary 
working people and not those 
who could really afford to pay. 

The proposals for registra- 
tion were leading to a situ ion 
where there would be criminal 
sanction's against people who 
for various reasons might 
decide not to register. 

Mr Baker said the Govern- 
ment had looked at the various 
alternative proposals for local 
income tax. All were 
administrate! vely very complex 
and all would require a register 
asdid the community, charge. 
Not many people would wel- 
come the prospect of un? 
comrolled capacity to raise 
local income tax left in the 
hands of Mr Bemie Grant and 
Mr Derek Hatton under .whom 
it would be confiscatory. 

Mr Charles Morrison 
(Devizes. Q asked if there any 
interim' short-term proposals 
which would help to ensure 
that shire counties in particular 
were not faced with the same 
difficulties next year and in 
ensuing years that thewy bad 
been faced with this year.- 

Mr Bakerl take his point. 
There will have to be transit • 
tional arrangements even be- 
fore this starts to avoid the sort 
of debate we bad last week 
which ( do not wan to! have 
again.'. 

Mr lan Gow (Eastbourne. C) 
said profligate local authorities ' 
would not have been elected, 
never mind re-elected, if there 
had been a closer relationship ' 
between- those who voted and . 
those who pay. 

The .broadening of the tax 
base •• was;: welcome. •• The 
Government's proposals repre- 
sented a great advance in the 
equity of taxation. 

Mr Baker said it was . 
difficult for a local elector to 


European 

budget 


The Prime Minister expressed 
the hope during - Commons 
questions that the . European 
Commission would, not vend 
the money Britain bad contrib- 
uted. to the • European 


Assembly's illegal budget while 
the matter was before the 


the matter was before . the 
European Court. 

Mr Edmund Taylor (South- 
end East.C) had pointed out 
that the y Government- had 
decided to take the Assembly 
to court over the budget but to 
pay the money meantime. 

Will the Prime .Minister (he 
asked) take every step to make 
sure. that, the Commissi on do 
:not spend the money which 
they might have to pay back 
eventually? 

Mira Thatcher said the Coun- 
cil of Minister and Britain .were 
taking the matter to Court. 

Bin is is customary (she 
added) to offer to pay the full 
budget meantime. T share Mr. 
Taylor's view and hope the 
money Will not .be spent. - 


Reform of council rates 


Comm u nity charge aim to give voters more control 


By Colin Hughes, Local Government Correspondent 


By abolishing rales and 
replacing them with a new 
'‘community charge", the 
Government aims to place 
control over local govern- 
ment spending more directly 
in the hands of voters. 

. The Green Paper published 
yesterday claims in a preface 
that it's proposals “amount 
to the most radical 
restnjciuring of local govern- 
ment finance this century", 
which could “provide both a 
new impetus to local demOC- 
-raey. and a much fairer basis 
of taxation". 

Environment ministers 
have concluded that “effec- 
tive local accouniability must 
be the cornerstone", believing 
that the burden of rates is 
carried unevenly and un- 
fairly. and that government 
grant is too complicated for 
voters to understand. 

On top of that, businesses 
and institutions to which 
local councillors are not 
directly answerable, pay ihe 
bulk of local rates. For every 
extra £2.50 a local authority 
spends on average, businesses 
pay £1.50 against £1 by 
householders. 


Even' then, the Govern- 
ment argues, not all local 
electors pay rates: “The 
burden of rates is carried on 
too few shoulders'’. Only a 
third of householders pay 
rates in full. Rebates mean 
that another 17 per cent pay 
part or none of their rates, 
leaving nearly half who pay 
none, although that includes 
many who are not earning. 

The proposed remedies, 
which could be effected from 
the early 1990’s, are threefold: 
a resident's tax io replace 
rates, a new national business 
rate, and a simplified system 
for paying government grant 
to councils. 

The Green Paper’s publica- 
tion represents the 
Governmenrs final ad- 
mission that targets and 
penalties have failed, at huge 
political cost to control 
council spending. 

The new business rate will 
be set nationally to produce 
ihe same yield, with the 
income pooled and redisirib- 
uied among councils, accord- 
ing to the number of adults 
in their area. The Govern- 
ment hopes to wipe out the 


aSSiS* 

Government etc 


as of rate i 

England 1984/85 


—■"10% 
Rates rebates 


biR would 

to incoitie<afl figs, neb 
is as percentage of incomB 


for Scotland and- Wales Is 


similar, they will probably go 
ahead more quickly: because 
variations are less severe 
between homes and authori- 
ties: Ministers want Jegisia- 
tion for Scotland in .the next 
parliamentary session, -with 
Ihe system starting in April 

1989. • , 

In England^ what the 
Green Paper calls its “search- 
ing reexamination, of the 
way we , pay for . local 


5%' — . 
Public utilities 


| Community <tfrarge as] 
percentage, ot Income 1 


10 % — 
Industrial 


—36% 

Domestic 


28% ^ 
Commercial 


£040 £75^100 £T5(F200| £250-300 1 E35Q-4QQ| £500+ 

£50-75 £100*150 £200-250 £30*350 £400-500 - ' 

. Net weekly income:® -• 


wide variations in costs to 
commerce and industry 
around the country. To avoid 
accusations that it is taking 
yet more control into its 
hands, the levy will be fixed 
and increased annually on an 
inflation-linked index. 

In preparation, it was 
announced that business 
premises will be revalued by 
April 1990 (the last revalua- 
tion was in 1973). Together, 
the changes will mean 
premises in high rates areas, 
often with high unemploy- 
ment. will gain. Revaluation 
will increase rate bills of new 
shops by up to 50 per cent, 
while bills for pre-1919 fac- 
tories and warehouses will 
fall by up to 40 per cenL 

To cope with that shift. 


and with the change in grants 
from central government, 
councils will be given a 
“safety net” to ensure that 
their overall income in the 
first year of the system is the 
same. But the net will then 
stay the same in cash terms 
so that councils which in- 
crease spending above infla- 
tion are forced to meet the 
extra out of the resident's tax. 

If the community charge 
were introduced overnight 
single adult homes in high- 
spending areas would enjoy 
sudden gains, while working 
couples with adult children at 
work would suffer large 
losses. So the proposal is to 
phase in the system over 10 
years. 

That would mean average - 


two-adult households seeing 
little change in -their bills 
during the first year, when 
each aduh would .pay £50. 
and the rest as raws. Each 
year following the proportion 
paid as community charge 
would increase, so that 
householders now paying low 
rate bills might be paying the 
community charge wholly 
within three years. > 

On present council spend; 
iflg, the lowest community 
charge would be around £90 
per adult, up to £400 in some 
London boroughs, but 90 per 
cent would pay between £100 
and £ 20 tt.-or an average of 
about £160.- The move would 
double the numbers paying 
local taxes • 

In other' words. ^ 51 per cent . 


of homes ; wouid be better of£ 
another 24 per cent .would-, 
lose- by -less than £1 a' week. - 
and .15 percent more than- £2 
a week. Students who may 
not pay 'rates -now would 
have to pay the charge.- 

The proposal to replace 
complex grants with a stan- 
dard grant and a. grant hased 
on need would mean, shire 
bounties gaming, while north- 
ern industrial cities lose. The 
safety nets would, switch 
about £330m illicit from East 
Anglia . to the. North, and 
about- £470million.-;irom the 
South-east to London, to 
redress the balance - during 
transition. ' and - . prevent 
community charge andrattt 
soaring? • . - . 

Although the broad, {flan. 


government", will- bear; no 
trim until . well - beyond the 
next general election. 

•Reform of the rating system 
was broadly welcomed yes- 
terday • by the business 
community In; - "Scotland 
where, anger over Iasi year's 
revaluation sported off tm- 
. rest particularly among prop- 
erty owiw»s,aiid shop traders. 

The Labour party in Shet- 
land strongly .opposes a 
.community charge system 
which, would bring more of 
the Jess* well off into the rates 
net.- But for .shopkeepers iq 
central ..Edinburgh the new 
measures were welcomed as a 
considerable; relief. ~ ; 

.Paying for- Loco/ Government 

(Stationery , Office: j£ 1 1 JO) , 


Commentary 


dcci?>@ whether the rates had 
cone up because of ms 
council's spending, or becaure 
of a change in the grants it 
received. His announcement, 
would allow a dear link to be 
established. - • i - 

Mr Frank Retd (Birkenhead. 
Lab) asked if there would be 
compaasation for poor peojne 
who would be made worse off 
Mr Baker said there would 
have to be a system of support 
for people on low incomes. 

One of the features of a 
community- charge would be 
that it would reduce average 
bills for lowest income house- 

h °Mr Simon Hughes (South- 
wark and BeaaaadseyX?. The 
Alliance parties accept his two 
premises that the present rating 
and rate support grant systems 
are indefensible and that there 
needs to be more accQtuuabu- 



Bot the mqjonty of rate- 
payers wifi be worse off and, 
central Government control ; 
will be increased. 

Will he confirm that local 
income tax would provide | 
better accountability arid wonld ■ 
reduce - dependant* of focal 
government oil central 
KOvernmentTMr Baker With 
focal income tax in his own- 
constituency the standard rate 
for his taxpayers wonld go up 
from 30p to 41pi5ir David 
Price (Eastieigh,C): For those 

of ns who have been calling for 
rue reform for a least 20 years 
his statement is most welcome. 
But why do we have to waste a 
year on a Green Paper? Can we 
not proceed immediately to a 
White Paper and a BStTMr 
Baker: I appreciate his im- 
patience, but this is the most, 
fimdamental change in local 
government finance d™ cen- , 
tury and it is right that afl the 
various interests at focal and 
central level should have ade- 
quate time to . coinmentMr 
Bngfa- Brown -(Glasgow, 
Pro van. Lab): Whyshotdd irbe 
right for the 3 nnffion poorest s 
families to pay ; mortTMr 
Baker There will be assistance 
for those on low incoahesTMr 
Gwilym . . Jones (Cardiff 
North,Q: It has been su ggested 
in the, press that Wales, is to be 
used as a proving ground for 
the reform, of tbc vratesJMbr- 
Bokcr : The - changes in 
England and Wales will run 
-together. There is no proposal 
that «hn »iR he in 

Wales prior to England. The 
Secretary of State for Scotland 
will be making a .statement 
tomorrow about ScodaadMr 
Patrick MaWTOws (New . 
Forest, Qi Has he considered-, 
taking education - the biggest 
single item of expenditure -otit 
of local finance and putting it 
onto lhc central Exchequcr?Mr 
Bafcer Yes, we have consid- 
ered that, bat it would be a 
considerable diminution of the 
power* and responsibilities of 
local govemmentMr Frank - 
Dobson (Holbora and St Pan-: 
eras, Lab) said there had been 
talk. from the- m intow about 
winners and losers. ■ 

- - One winner under . these 
proposals (he said) -will be die 
occupants .- of the Thatcher, 
retirement home . in 
DuhwkhJVfr Eric Cockeraan 
(Ludlow, C) said: Mr Baker has 
opened a Pandora's box which 
wQl affect every householder,, 
and we are latmdud upon a 
Imre period of protest beside 
winch the Westland: affair, will , 
appear to be a brief mterinde. 


The apparent -.enfiess - 
Westland saga has new : 
entered its third phase. The 
first one centered on;, the ; 
future of tte company: . ifc 
American vasts -the Earn.; 
peas option. HeseUme versos ; 
Brittan- The. second phase 
saw public attention switch 
from the company to fi® 

conduct of ministers. - Mr. 

Brittan and the Lygo inter- 
view. Mrs Thatcher and ihe , 
Sotidtor-GeneraTs letter. - - 


But the coutrorersy has - 
moved on, with Mr BrataaY 
resignation - and - Monday's ' 
debate in the House:, of. 
Commons. . This doesT aot. 
■wan that Mrs Thatcher has J 
provided a totally courinefag' 
explanation. There ate a ' 
number of points wbichare 
stiU at the least perplexing. 
But the nature of -the. pefftkal 
threat that she now fauces b ] 
different. 


Her speech on Modday 
was sufficient to avoid * 
political cataclysm. That is 
not surprising. Conservative 
MFs wanted to befieve iB her , 
explanation for then own 
political security as mock as 
for hers. Sue would hare: bad 
to do very badly fo disappoint 


T i n dM 


As it was, she produced * 
number of uew fads with her 
customary force and deter- 
mination. It : was a spirited 
performance. But was ; it 
enough to meet the ame- 
mrid&raa danger that she new. 
faces: die progressive erodn< 
of her authority? - 


That wilt depend. I believe; 
upon two factors. The first is 
whether, any disconcerting 
new facts emerge. Nothing 
has coiitiAnfied more to- the 
impression of a cover-up than, 
the stow, piecemeal, reluctant 
disclosure of what happened. 


. At every stage such frank- 
ness as there has been has 
been forced upon the Govern- 
ment. There has also been 
another unpleasant twist ,to 

the saga which has compelled 
ministers to revise or develop 
there explanations. 


. Bat if nothing farther 
e me rge s to undermine Mrs 
Thatcher's explanation, foe. 
details of Westland will cease: 
to be so important. It wHl be 
the broader judgment o( 
public opinion Chat will mat- 


lip to now it has been 
widely claimed by Comer? 
retires that the general pnbtic 
are not interested in the 
Westland furore. That,^ I 
believe, is half true. 

Certainly the letters hare 
not beat' pouring in to MPs 
from Char constituents. The 
choice between the European, 
and the American optfons is 
not the favourite topic al 
conversation at every - bus 
step. 

But the dash of persond- 
ides is a different matter. - The 
tows between Mr Hesehfoe 

and Mr ' Brittan, the .Lygp 

meeting, . the entry of -Che 
Solicitor-General, the mys- 
tery of Mrs Thatcher's r^e - 
aU - these have had .-, tbe 
pecnliar fascination for many 
people who are hot enthralled 
by the manufacture of tefi- 
copter& 


The critical question now is 
What .condnsiens they ; will 
draw from the whole affair- 3 
doubt if Mrs Thatcher -has. 
anything more to fear from a 
direct immediate assault fra® 
within her own party. Conser- 
vatives have dosed ranks- 

But they will not ■' be 
oblivions to the attitude of the 
electorate. They would prefer 
to unite behind her. But what 
if the FaHum by-election is 
humiliating, if the focal 
elections in May are disas- 
trous, if the party's fortunes 
continue to sag in the onhusa 
poUs? 

If ihe Conservatives were 
to suffer, such: ;a. series,®* 
misfortunes, they .'would- 
begin to wearier, ff the Prim* 
Minister's appeal -fo-fit. 
country had been diminished 
beyond -recovery. It weald he ‘ 
at tfaat stage tint specofotioB 
might well revive jas J> 
irtetfcer they would do Jitter 
under another leader. 7' ; 

IdoWthiadf it fikefyfiwf 
Mrs Thatcher wiB now ^ 
forced to give up effic* 
directly because of Wesfoc^ 
She. has overcome the }®' 
mediate hurdle . fa . seemriff 
the allegiance of Cousmyafiif 
backbenchers.- > ... c, 

, Bui because of AVestiand. -^ 
will be- harder foe 
on if there fa a geuettif .W®^- 
confidence in her leaderSM** 
Sbe fane looser fandjyMtev 


- - v . 


CTFjjy 










I 

ht 







TIMES WEDNESDAY JANUARY 2«J lyxh 


I cr* 




W here and how to 
try Walesa tests 
Warsaw’s resolve 


wTWm 


v ^ » , * 


, * The crucial question of 

;h how and where Mr Lech 

22 i Walesa should stand trial is 

t now at the bean of the Polish 

. «vw authorities sharpening, cam- 
. l *' l - align against the former 
' \ Solidarity leader. 

; -c , He is to face charges of 
( ; slandering Polish voting 

commissions by declaring 
, h that the Government inflated 

the turnout figures in 
r Ornober*s parliamentary elec- 

■’ !'j * tion. 

■ The 1983 Nobel Peace 

-■> a. laureate has never before 

r ' 3 ^ been taken to court by the 

'-.c:' authorities, and the outlawed 

Solidarity trade union sees 
, • ' o the case as breaking an 

.p'ti important political taboo- He 

■ ■ ^ faces the possibility of a two- 

V. , *' u “* year jail sentence or a hefty 

> fine, but the real significance 

~ of the trial is that it will end 

'ii his apparent immunity from 

. . prosecution. 

"’■"-'i According to a summons 
* r i\ delivered at the Walesa home 
•' 1 ‘ on Monday, he should be 
' ^- I tried in the Gdansk provin- 
cial court between February 
\: w 1 1 and 18. But Mr Jacek 

j,’J Taylor, his lawyer, has pro- 

• tested that as a first offender 

<n.r„ Mr Walesa should only be 

tried in a smaller district 
court. 

^ ' The Government spokes- 

man. Mr Jerzy Urban, said 
~ l i l * yesterday that the protest 

' *"•’ would be considered by the 


Taba key 
^ to better 
relations 

- From lan Murray 

- -:c Jerusalem 

Egypt will not lake steps to 
improve relations with Israel 
1 . until there has been agree- 

» ment between the two coun- 
tries on. the terms of reference 
for the arbitrators who will 
deride the sovereignty of the 
tiny seaside resort of Taba on 
- the Gulf of Aqaba. 

This was the essential 
message brought back to 
. _ Israel yesterday by Mr Ezer 
^ Weiznum, the Minister with- 
out Portfolio who has a 
special responsibility for rela- 
tions with Arab countries. 

During bis special mission 
to Cairo Mr IVeizman twice 
met President Mubarak and 
the Foreipi Minister, Mr 
Israel Abdel Megnid. 

Mr Wdzman had been sent 
- 3 by Mr Shimon Perens. the 
Israeli Prime Minister, to 
find out exactly the reaction 
of President Mubarak to the 
14- point negotiating docu- 
ment agreed by the National 
Coalition Government for set- 
tling the differences between 
the two countries. 

- Senior Officials from the 
Prime Minister's office and 
the Foreign Ministry are doe 
to go to Cairo to try to fix the 

__ Verms of reference for the 
arbitrators. Mr Weizman will 
report to Mr Peres, who 
returns from a European tour 
today that agreement on this 
can still open the way to full 
negotiations and to a' summit 
^ meeting with President 
Mubarak to seal peace be- 
tween the two countries. 

• STRASBOURG: President 
Mubarak called for greater 
European involvement m the 
Middle East peace process 
and the holding of a UN 
conference on terrorism when 
he addressed the Council of 
Europe assembly here yes- ; 
tenia? (AFP reports). 

Mr Mubarak was in Stras- 
bourg on the first leg of a ! 
European tour which will 
include talks with President 
Mitterrand in Paris and with 
'Vest Germany's Chancellor 
Helmut Kohl in Bonn today. 

Mr Mubarak, the first 
* Arab leader to address the 
21-nation Council of Europe, 
said Europe could play an 
actire role in preparing an 
international Middle East 
Peace conference. He believed 
the would be the best 
guarantee against the 
Polariation of forces. 


From Roger Boyes, Warsaw 

authorities if it were submit- 
ted in writing. Dearly the 
tussle over how and when 
and where will continue for 
some time. 

Since being freed from 
internment in 1982. Mr 
Walesa has been hemmed in 
by a series of investigations, 
ranging from charges of 
dodging customs duties to 
helping to organize protest 
strikes. None of these cases 
has come to court, though 
they have had the effect of 
hampering his movements 
outside Gdansk. He has 
become afraid of accepting 
invitations to travel abroad 
lest he be stripped of his 
Polish citizenship while out- 
side the country. 

The Warsaw" authorities 
have decided to move against 
him now for several reasons. 
The first is that credibility of 
parliamentary elections is 
central to Poland's attempt to 
re-establish its international 
standing. The high (79 per 
cent) turnout claimed by the 
authorities was supposed to 
indicate that the country has 
broadly accepted government 
policies and the need to act 
through its official institu- 
tions. 

Government advisers also 
seem to have calculated that 
Western outrage at a trial of 
Mr Walesa would be rel- 
atively muted now that some 


five years have passed since 
the Solidarity revolution. 

The US State Department 
says that the charges are 
"politically motivated". 

• VIENNA: Repre- 
sentatives of Western banks 
and officials of Poland's 
Bank Handlowy and the 
Warsaw Government yes- 
terday started talks on the 
country’s $30 billion foreign 
debt and perhaps on new- 
rescheduling terms (AP re- 
ports). 

Mr Gabriel Eichler, direc- 
tor general of Bank of 
America's Vienna branch, 
said during a break that the 
Poles had started presenting 
the economic and financial 
situation but had not yet 
submitted any request for 
easier conditions. 

The session was preceded 
by a meeting on Monday of 
the banks involved, and 
negotiations were expected to 
end late yesterday or today. 

He said that commercial 
bank credits amounted to 
between $6 billion and $6.5 
billion, most of it to western 
governments. 

Of the overall sum. be- 
tween $5 billion and $6 
billion would be due during 
1986. he said, suggesting that 
figures vary according to 
changes in the exchange 
rates. 


Kampala (UPI) - More 
than 8,000 Ugandans have 
crossed the border into 
neighbouring Kenya in ad- 
vance of retreating govern- 
ment forces routed by 
National Resistance Army 
rebels who now control two- 
thirds of the country, border 
officials said yesterday. 

Diplomats in Kamp al i i! said 
NRA units had secured the 
strategically important town 
of Jinja, 45 miles east of 
Kampala and were now 
pursuing defeated government 
troops towards the Kenyan 
border. 

Jinja was an important 
objective of the NRA because 
it controls the Owen Falls 
dam, the only power source 
for Kampala and western 
Uganda. 

NRA officials said their 
forces have captured up to 
7,000 government troops, or 
about half the U gandan 
Army, since the seige of 
Kampala began in earnest on 
Jan oar)’ 17. 

Kenyan border officials 
said 5,000 civilians Had 
crossed the border point at 
Bnsia near Torero in the past 
two days and another 3,000 at 
Malaba about 200 miles 
north-west of the Kenyan 
capital of NairobL 

In Kampala, life was 
returning to normal with 
shops and businesses reopen- 
ing and civilians greeting 
NRA troops with hand- 
shakes. flowers and bogs, but 
in the north the Army was in 
disarray with inter-tribal 
clashes reported between 
army noils. 











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A captured Ugandan soldier, his wrists bound, being guarded by an NRA guerrilla. 

arc- A,-.. 


Syria waiting on 
Gemayel decision 


From Robert Fisk, Beirut 


F 

hr* 



-M- .v 


With their own Christian 
Phatangisi protege safely in- 
stalled in the mountains 
above Beirut, the Syrians 
now hope that President 
Gemayel will realize the 
hopelessness of his military' 
and political position by 
accepting their own “peace 
plan” for Lebanon and by 
rejecting those Christian mi- 
litia leaders who came to his 
“rescue” earlier this month 
with a self-styled coup in east 
Beirut. 

Mr Elie Hobeika. the 
Christian Phalangist who 
signed the armistice agree- 
ment with the Lebanese 
Muslim militias on Decem- 
ber 28 and who was sum- 
marily deposed a little more 
than two weeks later, spent 
yesterday in his village of 
Bask in la - scarcely six miles 
from the President's own 
home town of Bikfaya - in 
anticipation of a presidential 
change of heart. At the same 
time, former President 
Suiieman Franjieh. who has 
long been an ally of Syria, 
talked ominously in his own 
mountain retreat of Zghorta 
of deposing Gemayal. 

Mr Franjieh, an old but 
not always misled acolyte of 
the Syrians, announced that 
he wanted Mr Gemayel to 
resign- an aspiration which 
was chiefly intended to 
embarrass the President and 
to provoke him into 
commenting on Mr 
Hobeika’s demise. Mr 
Gemayel had tried to force 
the largely moribund Leba- 
nese Parliament to discuss 


the Syrian peace agreement 
but bis efforts failed when - 
to no-one's surprise - only 
three ministers attended the 
Cabinet meeting which was 
to have referred the matter to 
the National Assembly. 

Among the three was Mr 
Camille Chamoun, the Maro- 
nite Minister of Finance, who 
complained that Syria's 
continued military presence 
in Lebanon could attract 
Israeli retaliation. In fact Mr 
Chamoun's own son Dany 
has been close to the Israelis 
for several years, and 
yesterday's edition of the 
Beirut pro-Syrian newspaper 
Ash Sharq accused him of 
trying to transfer Muslim 
prisoners held in east Beirut 
to the prison operated in 
southern Lebanon by Israel’s 
ill-disciplined South Lebanon 
Army militia. 

With their own artillery 
capable of firing shells into 
Bikfaya. the Syrians thus 
seem anxious to give Mr 
Gemayel time to contemplate 
his own predicament before 
launching any new military 
offensive. Mr Samir Geagea, 
the Phalangist leader who 
defeated Mr Hobeika in this 
month's battles, has already 
made a visit to Bikfaya. 

But without Syrian sup- 
port, the President cannot 
really hope to preside oyer 
any coherent administration 
nor persuade Muslim min- 
isters to help him. It is Syria 
which rules Lebanon - and 
those Lebanese politicians 
who forget this salient fact do 
so at their peril. 


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Mission to Uranus 


victory - Tfa< 


Paris and Bonn join in 
tough new approach 

From Christopher Mosey, Stockholm 


France and West Germany 
have used the Stockholm 
Peace Conference to an- 
nounce the start of a new. 
tougher joint international 
role. 

The West German Foreign 
Minister. Herr Hans-Dietrich 
Genscher. and his French 
counierpan. M Roland Du- 
mas. said their appearance in 
Stockholm was aimed at 
ushering in a new era of 
diplomatic co-operation be- 
tween the two countries. 


Herr Genscher said the 
new joint role emphasized 
the desire of both countries 
to "deepen their relation- 
ship" and play a positive role 
in the affairs of Europe and 
East-West relations. Herr 
Genscher said: "This is an 
example of how two nations 
draw lessons from history." 

He said he hoped for 
concrete results from ihe 
conference but warned that 
nobody should use it to seek 
"advantage for himself". 


From Harry De be lias 
Madrid 

A Spanish court has shaken 
the world of professional 
football wiib a decision, 
reported here yesterday, that 
ends - at least for the time be- 
ing - the buying and selling of 
players. 

Madrid Labour Court ruled 
that footballers are free to 
sign with any club they wish 
once a contract runs out. and 
that clubs have no right to 
make transfers or to accept 
money in return for giving up 
players. 

Representatives of the 
Spanish Professional Football 
League intend to appeal to a 
higher court, but not before a 
meeting earty next month at 
which representatives of the 
clubs will work out a collec- 
tive strategy. 

The court made its surprise 
ruling in a suit brought by 
the Spanish Footballers' 
Association, the players’ 
union. The case dealt with a 
League agreement regulating 
indemnities intended to be 
paid between clubs involved 
in transfer deals. 

League officials are con- 
cerned because the contracts 
of several leading — and 
expensive — players run out 
at the end of the season in 
May; and the appeal is 
unlikely to be heard for four 
or five months. 


a v t [a 

'Brills scie 


Pasadena. California 
(AFP) - Sixteen seconds in 
which cameras took a stream 
of pictures ha>e turned 
Miranda, one of the five 
larger moons of the planet 
Uranus, into the unlikely star 
of America’s Voyager II 
space probe. 

The pictures have 
scientists* minds reeling. “If 
you took all the bizarre 
geology in the solar system 
and put it in one object, that 
would be Miranda,” said 
Professor Lawrence Soder- 
blorn of the US Geological 
Survey. “The re is nothing like 
it in the solar system...you 
name it and we have it on 
Miranda.** 

What Miranda revealed to 
Voyager, which came within 
50, 000 miles of Uranus on 
Friday - and was only 18.125 
miles from Miranda - was a 
tortured surface of mountains, 
canyons, cliffs and glaciers. 
One possible explanation for 
this being studied by sci- 
entists et the Jet Propulsion 
Laboratory of Nasa is that 
Miranda has a radioactive 
core, which causes violent 
surface upheavals. 

Another is that Miranda 
suffered from the violent 


collision which shook Uranus 
at its birth. “We know- 
something cataclysmic hap- 
pened to Uranus,” said 
Professor Soderblom. 

It also appeared from 
Voyager’s pictures, which 
were of exceptional quality 
from about two billion miles 
from Earth, that Miranda is 
not completely round. It has 
mountains, with a diameter of 
300 miles and 16 miles high - 
almost three times as high as 
Everest - and valleys 10 miles 
deep. 

Thanks to Voyager — now 
heading even further out for a 
rendezvous with Neptune, the 
eighth planet from the Sun. 
in 19S9 - scientists yesterday 
knew also that Uranus has at 
least 15 moons and about 20 
rings. 

Before the Voyager mis- 
sion. which earlier revealed 
secrets from Jupiter and 
Saturn, the fifth and sixth 
planets from the Sun. 
astronomers had known of 
only five moons round_ Ura- 
nus, and nine rings- -Miranda 
was one of the five, the others 
being the equally romanCi- 
cally-aaraed Ariel. Oberon. 
Unibrie! and Titania. 


The French elections 


Confusion reigns with new poll rules 


From Diana Geddes 
.... Paris 
^nh only a month-and-a- 
half to go before the French 
general election nearly half of 
the voters still do not realize 
that they will ha\e only one 
ptemce this time to cast their 
b “*W- instead of the two in 
all previous parliamentary 
elections under the Fifth 
Republic. 

The matter is of particular 
importance for the Socialists 
and the -Comm omsis. whose 
supporters have traditionally 
^oied for their preferred 
pany in the first round, and 

then switched to the besi- 
placed candidate of the Left 
m the nin-oiY ballot of the 
Sttond round a week later. 
Both panies are now franti- 

cally urging left-wing support- 
er* not lo waste their vote on 
March 1 & by which, of 
course, they mean different 
things. 

The Socialists point out 


that the new system of 
proportional representation 
means that in many of the 
smaller dtparremems the 
Communists will stand no 
chance of getting a single 
seat. Therefore, they say. 
communist voters should 
vote immediately for the 
Socialists, in order to return 
as many left-wing candidates 
as possible. 

Not at all. the Communists 
replv: a vote for the Socialists 
nowadays is automatically 
wasted, as IS no l° n B er 
an\ difference between the 
Socialists and the right with 
uhorn they are proposing to 
■■cohabit" in government. 
Therefore, the t'ommumsis 
jay. vote for us in the first 
and only round. 

Under ihe new voting 
svstem. the number of dep- 
uties in the National Asscm- 
blv will be increased from 
49! to 577, each depan email 
being allotted a certain num- 


ber in proportion to its 
population. Half of the 101 
aepunemems have been allo- 
cated four or fewer scats, 
which means that any party 
wishing to have a candidate 
returned must win at least 20 
per ceni of the total vote in 
that department. 

Far from leading to a 
proliferation of small parties, 
as some critics of propor- 
tional voting at first feared, 
the new system is likely to 
lead to an almost total 
annihilation of all but the 
largest panics — the Social- 
ists. the Gaul lists, the centre- 
right UDF. the Communists, 
and the extreme-right Na- 
tional From - with a handful 
of scats possibly going to the 
ecologists. 

Any party which won a not 
insignificant 7 per cent of the 
vote, for example, would 
need to have done so in a 
depancmcni with an alloca- 
tion of ai least 15 seats in or- 


der to stand a chance of 
winning a single scat- Bui 
there are only three such_ 
di'panenicnts in the whole ot 
the country: the Bouches-du- 
Rhonc. with 16 seats; Nord 
(24): and Paris (21). 

Another new factor in the 
forthcoming election which 
has been worrying both the 
Communists and the Social- 
ists is ihe sharp swing 
towards the right of ihe 
traditional!.' left-wing youth 
vote. A poll published Iasi 
week in }EtuJ:cni. a student 
magazine, showed that 31 per 
cent of people aged from to 
to 25 intended to vote for a 
right-wing parly, including 6 
per cent for the National 
FronL 

Only 4 per cent said they 
were intending to 'otc for the 
Communists. 2 per cent for 
other cxiremc-leti parties. 7 
per cent for the ecologists, 
and 32 per cent for the 
Socialists. 


Viral infection 
hits Nixon 

The former US President, Mr 
Richard Nixon (above), has 
been admitted to the Miami 
Heart Institute suffering from 
dehydration and a viral infec- 
tion! a hospital spokesman 
said. Mr Nixon, aged 73, was 
said to be in a satisfactory 
condition. 

The institute specializes in 
heart diseases, but the 
spokesman said the former 
president's problems were not 
related to his heart. He was 
admitted to hospital on Mon- 
day when he stopped off in 
Miami on the way back to 
New York from a holiday in 
the Bahamas. 


Tegucigalpa (AP) -Scnor 
Jose Azcorta Hoyo. swom in 
on Monday as Honduras' 
75ih President, has promised 
to work for social and 
economic development in the j 
Western Hemisphere's third 
poorest country. 

“To the United States, we 
reaffirm our friendship." Se- 
nor Azcona said in his 
inaugural address, “and vow 
to work for pluralistic, 
participatory democracy. ' 

He is the first frcejy -elected 
president to succeed another 
in Honduras without military 
interference in 55 years. 

The United States was 
expecting a less rocky 
relationship with one ot its 
key Centra! American allies. 

He succeeds Sehor Roberto 
Suazo Cordova, whose elec- 
tion in I9SI was hailed as a 
first slep towards democracy 
but whose erratic rule created 
sharp swings in Honduran 
relations with the US. 

The new President- aged 
59, also pledged support for 
the Contadora process, the 
multinational effort to nego- 
tiate a peace treaty for 
Central America. 


townships 

From Michael Hornsby 
Johannnesbnrg 

Thousands of black school- 
children were reported to be 
returning to school in black 
townships across South Af- 
rica yesterday after 18 
months of violent unrest and 
boycotts of classes. 

in townships near 
Johannesburg and Pretoria, 
Army and police units pa- 
trolled the streets in spite of 
requests from black commu- 
nity leaders that they should 
slay away. Early reports said 
the situation was generally 
calm, although the level of 
school attendance varied 

widely. 

In Kagiso, near Krugers- 
dorp. to the north-west of 
Johannesburg, a black girl, 
aged 14. was killed in a clash 
with police on Monday. 
Residents say that police 
broke up a peaceful meeting 
called to discuss the return to 
school. The police claim the 
dash was provoked by stone 
throwing. 

The lead in gelling the 
children back to school was 
taken by a body calling itself j 
the Soweto Parents' Crisis ! 
Committee (SPCC). which 
was formed towards the end 
of last year in Johannesburg 
by black parents concerned 
about the prospects of an- 
other year of seriously dis- 
rupted schooling for their 
children. 

A conference of parents, 
teachers and students or- 
ganized last month by the 
SPCC at the University of 
the Witwaiersrand set Janu- 
ary 2S as the start of the 
academic year — three weeks 
bier than the deadline set by 
the Government. 

The conference maintained 
that the extra time was 
needed to prepare for the 
resumption of classes. The 
Government refused to post- 
pone the date, but turned a 
blind eye when largr numbers 
of pupils in the Western and 
Eastern Cape and in the 
Johannesburg and Pretoria 
areas did not arrive on 
January 8. 

The decision to organize a 
return to classes, which is 
conditional, was only taken 
by the SPCC after it had 
sought and got. the approval 
of the outlawed African 
National Congress (ANC) at 
a meeting with some of its 
leading representatives in 
Harare. Zimbabwe. 

The success of the back-to- 
school move is thus seen in 
part as a test of the influence 
of the ANC over South 
Africa's increasingly militant 
black youth. 




Paris - Anxious to efface 
the bad impression created 
by ihe concession of France's 
first private television chan- 
nel to a Franco- Italian 
partnership, the Government 
announced yesterday the con- 
cession of a second private 
channel to an all-French 
partnership (Diana Geddes 
! writes). 

The channel, which will be 
devoted largely to music, is 
due to sun broadcasting 
before the end of February. 

M Georges FiJioud. the 
Minister lor Communica- 
tions. said the concession for 
what will be France's sixth 
television channel has been 
granted to "four great French 
figures in the communica- 
tions world" - the Gaumom 
Cinema group; the local 
private radio station. NRJ; 
the Publicis advertising 
agency: and the Gilbert Gross 
advertising agency. 

At least 'half the new 
channel's programmes will be 
devoted to music, including a 
required minimum quota of 
French made programmes. 




by the million ■ 

Parts - A record 1^5 
million bottles of champagne 
were sold throughout the 
world last year, with Britain 
taking the lead as the number 
one foreign buyer with 15 
million bottles, ahead of the' 
US with i4 million, and 
Germany with S.5 million 
(Diana Geddes writes). 

But France remained by far 
the biggest consumer of its 
own champagne, accounting 
for 123 million bottles sold 
last year. 

Hospital row 

Athens (AFP) - About 
40.000 public hospital nurses, 
administrators and lab- 
oratory technicians in Greece 
began a 24-hour strike to 
press demands for the formal 
hiring of half ihe members of 
their trade federation, to 
prevent them from working 
ir. public hospitals on private 
contracts. 

Better late... 

.Poland (AP) - 'Poland's 
p.vsul semce has set a new 
record for tardiness bv taking 
se-er \cars to del.ver Christ- 
mas cr.vitngs a distance of 
20-5 miles, from the soul hern 
city o’ Ooelo to the nearby 
town of Sirzclce Opolskie. 

Death’s irony 

Jakarta >aFF) - An Indo- 
nesian M? aied in a road 
accident or, his way home 
after winning a two-day 
battle in the regional .Assem- 
bly to secure funds for his 
local city hospital to buy a 
hearse. 

Chilly Cspri 

Capri (AP) - The Isle of 
Capri, famed since the earli- 
est days of the Roman 
Empire tor its sunny skies 
and azure Mediterranean wa- 
ters. has had its firs! snowfall 
in 20 years. 

Tests for Aids 

Tokyo (UPI) - The US 
Navy has started systematic 
testing of sailors stationed in 
Japan for exposure to Aids 
under 3 Pentagon programme 
that will eventually "test all 
military personnel on active 
duly. 

Pure Nights 

Cairo (AP) - The Morals 
Court of Appeal has over- 
turned a lower court ruling 
confiscating an edition of the 
7 hoitstind mui Owe \azius on 
grounds the book is a Middle 
Eastern classic, not a “sex 
book". 

Pigeon panic 

Peking (Reuter) - Farmers 
are flocking to Shanghai bv 
cart, boat and bicycle to sell 
grain on the booraina black 
market in food for a million 
pet pigeons, according to the 
China Daily. 

Alien reprieve 

Madrid (Reuter) - Spain is 
giving thousands of illegal 
residents an extra month 'to 
pul their papers in order or 
face expulsion. The new 
deadline is March 1. 

UN envoy 

Managua (AFP) - Sehora 
Nora Astorga. lawyer, dip- 
lomat and former guerrilla, 
has been appointed 
Nicaragua's new Ambassador 
to the United Nations. 




Delhi (AFP) - The coach of 
a rival team killed a 1 T year- 
old schoolboy with a hockev 
siick when a violent dispute 
broke out during a match on 
roller skates here. 


Correction 

A photograph of King Pen- 
guins which appeared on Octo- 
ber 25 was accompanied by a 
caption saying Taiwanese 
fishermen had captured them 
for food. We arc asked to point 
out that the birds were in fact 
rescued from Japanese trawlers. 









• ■ -I 


OVERSEAS NEWS 


THE TIMES WEDNESDAY JANUARY 29 1986 


EEC foreign ministers’ meeting 


Reagan backed on 
terrorism but 


sanctions rejected 


From Richard Owen. Brussels 


European foreign ministers undercut US sanctions Gadaffi in the wake of the 
have expressed strong sup- against Libya, saying that massacres at Rome and 

port for US efforts to they would do everything Vienna airports iast month, 

counteract international ter- within their power to ensure A proposed emergency Euro- 
forism, but stopped short of that European companies did pean meeting on sanctions 

not seek any commercial against Libya in The Hague 
advantage from the with- last week was cancelled. At 
drawal of American firms, this week's meeting the Euro- 
The meeting also agreed on peans were not only reluctant 
stricter scrutiny of visas to name Libya but also made 
"with respect to die problem it clear that they could not 
. of terrorism'’ as well as easily instruct private compa- 
implicaied in supporting tighter controls on frontiers nies to stay out of Libya, 

terrorism''. This is under- and the abuse of diplomatic officials added that 

immunity. . even stricter visa controls 

A permanent writing w be rec- 

group is to monitor and give ondkd ^ moves lowar d 

impetus to the European 0pen European frontiers, 
measures* , _ _ 

The package is disappoint- Mr Hans van den Broek, 

Monday's foreign ministers ing for Washington, which the Dutch Foreign Minister 
meeting in Brussels, the had hoped for stronger Euro- arK ^ current President of the 
Europeans undertook not to pean action against Colonel 


joining Washington’s eco- 
nomic sanctions against 
Colonel Gadaffi's Libya. 

Instead the ministers have 
decided “not to export arms 
or other military equipment 
to countries which are clearly 


stood to refer to Libya, but 
the foreign ministers did not 
name the country as such, 
partly because of objections 
from Greece. 

In a statement issued after 


Summit package 
signing agreed 


From Our Own CorrespondenLBrussels 


At the insistence of The 
Netherlands, which currently 
holds the presidency of the 
EEC Council of Ministers, 
European foreign ministers 
have agreed to sign the 
controversial package of EEC 
reforms in Luxemburg on 


in themselves. They include 
moves towards a Europe 
without frontiers, an internal 
market by 1992, and margin- 
ally increased powers for the 
European Parliament. But the 
reforms have caused a poten- 
tial crisis in the EEC, with 


February 17, in spite of the Danes calling a re fere re- 
doubts over whether either dum after the reforms had 
Denmark or Italy will be able been rejected by the Danish 


to sign. 

Greece also expressed 
reservations at a foreign 
ministers' meeting on Mon- 
day, saying that it would 
prefer an open-ended period 
during which members could 
sign the reform package. 


Parliament as too far-reach- 
ing. 

The Danish Foreign Min- 
ister, Mr UfTe Ellemann- 
Jensen, said Denmark would 
do its best to sign the package 
by the end of Febniary. 
Signor Giulio Andreotti, the 
Italian Foreign Minister, told 


Council of Ministers, said 
Europe recognized the gravity 
of the problem of terrorism 
and had already taken mea- 
sures against it such as the 
exchange of intelligence. 

“We want to co-ordinate 
our efforts with the United 
States as much as possible," 

Mr van den Broek said. 

Last week the Duth For- 
eign Minister held talks with 
Mr John Whitehead, the 
Deputy US Secretary of State, 
who ended a nine-nation tour 
of Western capitals in The 
Hague. Mr Whitehead at- 
tempted in vain to persuade 
Western leaders to back 
President Reagan's sanctions 
against Libya, but said he 
was delighted that terrorism 
was on the European agenda 
and that some EEC countries, 
notably West Germany, had 
been very helpful in trying to 
persuade companies “not to 
fill in behind us" in Libya. 

Mr Whitehead presented 
the Europeans with “addi- 


The refo rm s, agreed at last his colleagues he hoped the tional evidence" of Colonel 

month's EEC summit in Italian position would be Gadaffi'* : — ’ * * — 

Luxembourg, appear modest before mid-February, rorism. 


Ministers 
quit in 
spy alert 


Delhi (Reuter) - • Two 
junior Indian Cabinet min- 
isters and a high-ranking 
official have resigned sud- 
denly and newspapers have 
reported they were linked to 
a businessman accused of 
spying for Taiwan. 

The resignations were an- 
nounced without comment 
on Monday night Three 
newspapers said yesterday 
they had been linked to a 
businessman charged in 
October with spying, but 
senior government officials 
said they could not confirm 
or deny the reports. 

The businessman. Mr 
Rama Swaroop, aged 55, was 
accused of passing secrets to 
Taiwan. Israel. West Ger- 
many and other unnamed 
nations. 

The Press Trust of India 
announced the resignations 
of Mr K.P. Singh Deo. 
Minister of Stale for Food 
and Civil Supplies, Mr 
Chanulal Chandrakar, Min- 
ister of Rural Development 
and Mr M.S. Sanjeevi Rao. 
chairman of the Electronic 
Commission. Press reports 
said none of the three had 
been charged with any crime. 

The Times of India, quot- 
ing a highly-placed source, 
said the two ministers had 
resigned to gain a chance to 
clear themselves of suspicion. 

The Indian Express said 
the Prime Minister, Mr Rajiv 
Gandhi, had met the min- 
isters on Friday and was 
upset that top officials had 
enjoyed the hospitality of an 
accused spy. 

According to the news- 
paper. Mr Swaroop gave 
investigators a list of MPs 
and politicians he had enter- 
tained or for whom he had 
arranged trips to Taiwan. 

The Swaroop affair was 
one in a series of espionage 
cases in India last year. 
Earlier a group of business- 
men and government officials 
were accused of passing 
secrets to France, the Soviet 
Union and East Germany. 




Militant Sikh youths 
Takht shrine of the Go 


the dome from the Akal 
Temple in Amritsar. 


Delhi fails to resolve 
Haryana dispute 


From Kuldip Nayar, Delhi 


The impasse over the 
transfer of the city of 
Chandigarh from Haryana to 
Punjab state is still un- 
resolved despite talks be- 
tween Mr S.B. Chavan, the 
Indian Home Minister, Mr 
Surjit Singh Barnala, the 
Punjab Chief Minister, and 
Mr Bhajan Lai, the Haryana 
Chief Minister. 

Delhi proposes to resume 
talks in four days. 

Both chief ministers claim 
that the Mathew Commis- 
sion, appointed to identify 
Hindi-speaking villages in 
Punjab which could be trans- 


ferred to Haryana, has fa- 
voured them. 

The commission has said 
that the towns of Fazilka and 
Abohar and 83 villages 
around them are Hindi- 
speaking but has not recom- 
mended their transfer to 
Haryana 

It has left it to the Indian 
Government to transfer 
“some" Hindi-speaking vil- 
lages to Haryana to com- 
pensate for Chandigarh and 
has even recommended the 
establishment of another 
commission* 



:7 " 


The 135-ft jib on a giant mechanical crane stands by to start the ten-year operation to 
dismantle and restore the decaying, 2,400-yeajr-old Parthenon in Athens. 


Jigsaw operation to rebuild 
the decaying Parthenon 


Th e Philippine election V 

US stands on 
Marcos fence 

From Michael Binyon, Washington- ; -.g. 

, . /uttfrv ever are reported tortkiievt 

/SmirfS to??*!* 




Amid a 


here ovct the^ndurt dent Marcos is critical 

<!ai, rnmnaivn 


ti 0 n eampajgMmmc Philippines and to themes 

tioHS that frradem Maras ^ ^ 'gggj 

bas, . ***“ SC ^5{L nrot? Whitt House, State E*pan_ 
muln-million dojbr pro£ ^ ^ .nJEeartyg. -i 

emes ? US, the R«#an ficiaIs to a TfurNew XQrk L 

Administration has publicly that the 'Admfri^ 1 

declared itself neutral m the £3* * 

e **2S L cnnnrt anv publicly or use covert means 

individual or party. We ICOIO . 


believe »e 2m S able to “SjH* 


democraucal^. The Administration ' fefe 

er T? 11 rw^Sr^it P SokL- been dismayed by the rtchn 
a State.pepartnumt^ revelations that: -Mr 

Sficsasts 

Administration’s main con- 


Mean while the Admuustta. 




SSLS, toe has.aakri 1^ Rkhard La»r 

the country’s miii- chaurnan of . the powafel / 

£**££ ^U^^blems. 

TTie statement fol- committee* h>Jead. the., team 

. -T^lrraordinarv of observers who will m*. 

suggestion on Sunday by Mr jj° r the election on Fetiruajy 
nf_.u d««« th» white 


Donald Regsn»_ -jr* composition otittb 


House Chief o! 
while condemning any fraud, 
be was unconcerned about 
bow the Manila Government 
was elected. 


delegation, the .date of jts 
arrival and the length of stay 
are still being discussed: The 
Philippines authorities have 


“Iflt's dulv elected and so already refused to allows 
ce^ek you STtevo w observers or joorah^t. 
to business with it.” he said, approach the voting booths 
He yfrtprf in a television Senator Lugar said he^had 
interview: “There are lots of accepted the job despite 
governments that are elected misgivings about whether ft e 
by fraud. How about campaign would reflect .The 
laT general political will” offte 

ier senior officials how- Filip inos. 


From Mario Modiano, Athens 


The familiar skyline of of one or tiro a day and 
Athens has suddenly replace corroded iron damps 

The arm of a giant of earlier restorations, which 


mechanical crane has 
emerged behind the jagged 
silhouette of the Acropolis. 

It will remain there for at 
least 10 years, discreetly 
absconding when not in use, 
to help experts to restore the 
2,400-y ear-old Parthenon and 
protect it from further decay. 

The large revolving crane, 
assembled inside the col- 
umned temple, rests on a 
tripod set roughly where die 


cause the marble to crack, 
with rust-proof titanium 


At the same time hundreds 
of marble Mocks and frag- 
ments blown to the ground fey 
the 1687 explosion which left 
the Parthenon in two rained 
halves are to be prt back in 
place, as In a gigantic jigsaw 
puzzle. 

“We found enonah authen- 


Parthenon will not change 
perceptibly. However, one 
mast not be intimidated by 
dm romantic view that its 
present appearance is 
untouchable. After aD, what 
we see here is not due to the 
wear of time, hot to wanton 
and violent acts. 


gold-ai a ivory statue of the tic material to be able to add 


goddess Athena stood in 
classical times. Its 135ft jib 


wQl soon begin dismantling 
this classical masterpiece, 
stone by stone, for treatment 
Mr Mnnofis Korres, the 
architect in charge, says: 
“Our plan is to bring down 
the marble blocks at the rate 


another 8 pa cent to the 
monmnent’s volume,” Mr 
Korres explained. “This 
represents about 1,000 tons of 
marble of which only a 
fraction will be new stone.” 

Mrs Evi Tonfoupa, the 
director of the Acropolis, 
says: “The silhouette of the 


“If we can improve it, we 
should do so for (he sake of 
fixture generations.” 

Mr Korres, whose restora- 
tion plans for the next two 
years have been approved by 
the Greek Archaeological 
Council and acclaimed by an 
international colloquium of 
experts in 1983, is confident 
that repeated soundings have 
proved that the Parthenon’s 
foundations are unusually 
sturdy and massive, and can 
safely ■ withstand all the 
commotion and stress. 


President courts 
the Muslim vote 


Manila (AFP) - President where some 60,000 died;® 
Marcos toured violence-lorn the height of Muslim reW- 
Mindanao Island yesterday lion in the mid 1970s. 
for the first time in a decade, Courting the Muslim.^yote 
as the opposition said two yesterday, Mr Marcos sajdhe 
more supporters h*d died in had been wounded while in 


election violence, bringing 
the toll to 15. 


He vowed on local radio to 
prevent die creation of a 
separate Muslim state in the 
southern Philippines, und 

sarff.is “ *— — 1 


the anti-Japanese guepOfa 
resistance in the ' Se&nd > 
World War and had , been 
saved by a Muslim cayj(ky- 

itian 

“ [ swore to the 

~jKe 


also save the lift^.of 


MtSlinS” he trid, d£w^ 
nuuy 7. of striking a deal . 


with" Muslim rebels. "AreJSthTnkf 


Window 
shopping 
for arms 


From Mary Lee 
Peking 

A multi-million dollar 
international defence ex- 
hibition opened in Peking 
yesterday but, unfortunately 
for the Chinese military 
establishment, which is keen 
to upgrade its arms, most of 
the items on display cannot 
be sold to them. 

According to the organizer 
of International Defence In- 
dustries Expo/China *86. Mr 
Stephen Kee, “many of the 
exhibits have no export 
licences but only exhibition 
licences,” Of the 160 compa- 
nies from 17 . countries, 
including Britain, only 21 are 
listed as being able to sell 
their exhibits. 

Mr Kee said that when the 
Chinese Ministry of Ord- 
nance first asked his Hong 
Kong company to organize 
the exhibition, “they gave us 
about 1.000 pages of what 
they would like to buy and 
see.” About S3 million f£2.l 
million) of the exhibits, he 
added, were for sale and “the 
Chinese would like to buy at 
least 50 per cent of these." 

According to Mr Kee’s list, 
however, most of the items 
for sale appear to be electron- 
ics with military uses. The 
most expensive hardware 
item was a French-made 
5425,000 “small ammunition 
loading machine.” 

About 55,000 people from 
the Chinese military 
establishment will be able to 
feast their eyes on British. 
American. French, German, 
Italian and other European 
technology and measure just 
how for they have to go to 
catch up. 


Good life 
has snags 
for China 


Today’s visit came only times report last weet _ 
two days after Mrs Aquino tioned the validity.. 
accused the President of not Marcos's claims to have been 
daring to visit Mindanao, a War hero. 


From Our Correspondent 
Peking 

Economic reform in 
China's rural areas may be 
enriching the peasants bat it 
has also had one negative 
ride-effect, according to the 
People *. i Daily. The divorce 
rate is rising. 

The report gave no statis- 
tics but listed seven reasons 
for this social trend. 

Heading the list was quar- 
rels over money among poorer 
famili es who were eager to 
become rich. Next come those 
peasants who, in order to get 
rich, have taken on non- 
tanning jobs or gone into 
business. 

The third reason is also 
related to economic reform: 
with more leisure time result- 
ing from the system of 
contracted production, some 
peasants have picked up bad 
habits such as 
smoking and drinking. 

The fourth reason can be 
directly linked with the “one- 
child family” policy; when a 
baby girl is bora, the husb an d 
maltreats the wife hi all sorts 
of ways, causing the marriage 
to break down. 

The People’s Daily de- 
scribes this as a “fhedal 
hangover”, omitting to say 
that before the pv'icy was 
instituted in 1982, women 
who bore baby girls would 
often try again for a boy. 

The other reasons given 
were the traditional causes of 
marriage disputes: mothers- 
in-law, badly-managed house- 
hold affairs and arranged 
marriages where the couple 
nave no affection for cadi 
other. 


Court will rule on saving last five condors from the wild 


From Ivor Davis 
Los Angeles 


In the next few days a 
federal court is expected to 
rule on whether to allow a 
small army of scientists to 
bead into the Ventura Moun- 


Condor officials say it is 
imperative to trap the five 
surviving condors roaming 
free so they can be taken to a 
zoo and mated with condors 
already in captivity. 

“That's the only chance we 


tains and capture the last five have of keeping the condors 
remaining California condors alive,” says Mr Oliver 
to save the birds from Pattee, director of the condor 


extinction. 

The Californian condor - 
Gymnogyps californianus - a 
jet black vulture with a 
wingspan of up to 10ft, is one 
of North America's most 
endangered species- Efforts to 
.saie it from dying out have 
been continuing since the 
condor research centre in 
Ventura, California, was 
opened six years ago by the 
US Fish and Wildlife Service 
and the National Audubon 
Society. 


centre. 

This month scientists' 
hopes were dealt a severe 
blow when the world's only 
female condor still breeding 
died of what veterinarians 
believe was lead poisoning 
brought about by a lead pellet 
ingested when the bird fed on 
a bullet-riddled carcass. 

That brings the total con- 
dor population, at large and 
in zoos, to only 26. In the 
1950s there were as many as 
100 condors in California. 


The five remaining condors 
in the Ventura Mountains, 
which lie to the north of Los 
Angeles, are easy to track 
because they have been fitted 
with miniature radio receivers 
by scientists. 

In an effort to get the breed 
to multiply, scientists also 
began an egg snatching pro- 
gramme three years ago. As a 
result there are some f? fro 
and three-year-old condors in 
protective custody at Los 
Angeles and San Diego zoos. 
At six or seven it is hoped 
that the juveniles wifi mate to 
produce a larger captive 
flock. 

The species' future hopes 
in the meantime remain with 
two pairs of adnlt birds. One 
named Topa Topa. a 16-year- 
old male found as a yearling, 
is paired with a female adnlt 


captured last summer. How- 
ever. Topa Topa has so for 
shown little desire to co- 
habitate despite the introduc- 
tion of a variety of elaborate 
courtship techniques. 

But in San Diego a couple 
of younger condors are show- 


remaining fire birds, either 
with a net or by setting pit 
traps, was approved in 
December but blocked this 
month. The National Audu- 
bon Society obtained a 
restraining injunction on the 
ground That captive breeding 


ing preliminary signs of being of the birds is not enough to 


interested in each ocher. 

Scientists hope that con- 
dors born in captivity can be 
returned to their natural 
habitat. But the wril-meaning 
programme has been plagued 
with trouble. There have been 
six other condor deaths 
lately, believed to have been 
caused by lead poisoning and 
electricity poles. 

The latest death was a big 
blow because the bird was 
considered one of the most 
fertile condors. 

Permission to catch the 
■V 


save them from extinction. 
They want more birds kept in 
the wild ami believe that 
birds born into captivity may 
perish if set free 

Scientists say that trapping 
birds in the wild is no easy 
task because the birds settle 
in remote, often inaccessible 
mountain peaks and then 
show up. publicly only every 
two or three. days. 

The federal cirint ruling on 
the trapping is expected to be 
handed down in the next few 
days.. 


Trail of ancient treasures lost 


-tfi 


Police baffled by gold the! 


From John Carfin, Mexico City 


■ 


Mexican police, not re- can cities offering a reward of robbery happened on Doan- 
nowned for their detective 50 million pesos (£80,000) For her 25 have been disnassnl 
work, remain in the dark information leading to the and may be charged, ^tifh 


about the fate of more than 
1 70 priceless pre-Hispanic 
artifacts stolen on Christmas 
Day from Mexico City’s 
anthropology museum. 

The stolen Mayan and 
Aztec relics, most of them 
either gold or jade, were 
small enough to fit into a 
medium-sized suitcase. Mu- 
seum authorities believe the 
theft was the work of an 
“international mafia”, prob- 
ably commissioned by. a 
fanatical private collector. ' 

Scores of other theories 
have been put forward as to 
the motives for the theft, but 
one that has been discounted 
is that the thieves might plan 
lo sell the pieces on the 
international market. The 
objects are so well known 
that no one would dare to 
buy them. 

“I can’t see anybody in 
their right mind touching 
them with a. ten-foot pole,” 
said an American archaeolo- 
gist. 

Among the theories pm 
forward is that the thieves 
might ask the Mexican Gov- 
ernment for a ransom. Hop- 


recovery of the treasures. 

However, since just one of 
the pieces - an Aztec vase in 
the shape of a monkey - is 
reckoned to be worth £16 
million, it is felt a much 
greater inducement wall be 
required before anyone 
comes forward. 

One of the biggest horrors 
Of archaeologists and histori- 
ans - one of whom described 
the theft as “a cultural . 
earthquake” .- is that the 


criminal negligence, 
suspicions that they :n»y 
have been involved 
dismissed after reports 'that 
they were either sleepnqjj'.pr 
drunk when the thaws 
entered the budding. 

In the morning enqjty 
glasses and cakes werc : fqinxl 
in the museum, suggesting 
the guards had enjoytil a 
small Christmas Eve cekaa* 
don. 

Police are caJling this^thf 


thieves might be stupid “Santa Claus robbery”. Iifas 
enough to melt down the 99 emerged that the thieves 


gold artifacts in their loot 

But the experts are con- 
fident that the theft is the 
work of professionals. It is 
suspected that at least one of 
the robbers - thought to have 
been three in total - was an 
authority on pre-Columbian 
art The pieces were intelli- 
gently selected. 

Museum authorities are 
increasingly convinced that 
the robbers acted on orders 
from an obsessive and 
wealthy collector. They sus- 
pect also, that the pieces are 
now in the United States, 
although active attempts at 
collaboration between Mexi- 
have 


entered the museum through 
a basement door and ^ao- 
bered through the building’s 
air conditioning ducts to^fet 
treasures. - • - ^ 

The crime was .discovered 
some five hours after, 
thieves had left andThto* 
reported to the police;;^ 
another eight hours. It to6ka 
further 24 hours for^LS 
Customs officials to 
fied. 


ing money was the motive, 
the Friends of the Museum of can and US police 
Anthropology have put up yielded no dues, 
posters all over the Mexican The eight museum guards 
capital and in various Ameri- on duty wheat the pre-dawn 


A famous Aztec sculjfcte 
known as The Plume<y0fr 
ote. was stolen fronr' tbr 
museum 20 years agoiM 
recovered in the US ■a.1»g r 
later. Another Mexican Swv' 
ture stolen in the ■ 

more than 1 ,000 years . aW' 
also surfaced north 
border. * - 


Korean president fears 
talks prelude to force 


Washington (AFP) - Presi- 
~3oo Hwan of 


dent Chun Doo 
South Korea has little hope 
of real progress in talks with 
North Korea and suggests in 
an interview flat Pyongyang 
sees the discussions as part of 
a strategy to reunify the 
country by force. 

Mr Chun also told The 
Washington Post , in his first 
interview wiih foreign 
journalists for five years, that 
he wifi step down when his 
term expires in 1988. 

He claimed that North 
Korea had received increased 
military co-operation and 
new weapons from the Soviet 
Union. 



President Chum 
Suspicious of Pyongyang 


promise, but hoped the 
Mr aun. who is agrf SS, £^=3^ reSUme 

mfod YrtQf 1 h!M tarar nluir. m. m _ • 


hinted that China wasplay- Mr ^ ^ 

mg a more moderate role. “I 0 f v- r ji n .i,. 0 , 

finno thp. Chine** J °3? the SOD of 


hope the Chinese' leadership ^ ,, e, 500 ot e 

will increase its influence in 529*5.“® Sung of 


will increase us muuence in Nnrth 7CT, v 

™“ B * ... • and 


He. said that the North- 

South talks recently cut off • a ™ e 4' “They 


.a 

l. 


_a* <3 

by North Korea held fittie ^ ^ 


Thais expel 
Russian! 
journalist# 

Bangkok f AP) - Mr s|g? 
Soloviev, a journalist-^* 
the Soviet news agency 
has left Thailand aftar.'--® 8 
Government refused 
new his work. : permrtT;® 
“security reasons'*, a 
Ministry spokesman saidP^* 
terday. . V#4; 

His activities'-' harLd^ 51 
under suspicion for 
the .spokesman . said^jS® 
Soloviev left Thanand# 00 
Monday. - ■ 

The Soviet Embassy^® 
he had had problems 

Labour Department 
Foreign Mimstty,.,bffi fl j~ 
case was dosed and 
correspondent was awaiwc 

A Labor D^ramneaf. ^ 
ficiaf said govemruiencIgP 
cies bad y 
department not to ratew^ 
permit, but gavie.'ito;<$0 


Thailand for about 
His departure teavW bn&§* 
Russian jouraahs&B rep®*® 
for the newspaper 
accredited in. Thaflaafe-; 


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CIGAR 













\:-r 


(MCREASE TOBACCO 

MR. LAWSON) 


Imperial Cancer Research Fund. 

Ulster Cancer Foundation . 

The Coronary' Prevention Group. 

Health Visitors’ Association. 

The Sodety of Health Education Officers. 
GASP (Group Against Smoking in Public). 
AGHAST (Action Group to Halt Advertising 

- CL C fT.1 \ 


National Sodety of Non-Smokers. 

Cancer Research Campaign. 

•TREES (Those Resisting an Early End from 
Smoking). 

Hackney Heart and Stroke Prevention 
.• Project 

All Party Parliamentary ASH Group. 

• JioyalCoIl^eofPh\ , sidans of Edinburgh. . 

Faculty of Community Medicine. 

. The National Sodety for Cancer Relief. 

; Association of Community Health Councils for 
. England and Wales. 

The Salvation Army. 

Tenovus Cancer Information Centre. 

British Dental Association. 

The Boys’ Brigade. : 

- The Royal College of General Practitioners. 

' The National Association of Health Authorities 
in England and Wales. 

The Royal Sodety or Medicine. 

The Royal Institute of Public Health and 
. Hygiene. 

Royal College of Obstetricians and 
Gynaecologists. 

. The Girls’ Brigade. 

The Royal College of Surgeons of England. 

The Royal Collie of Pathologists. 

The Royal College of Psychiatrists. 

Salisbury' Positive Health Group. 

Board for Sodal Responsibility; Church of 
England. 

' Church of England Childrens Sodety 
The Scottish Convention of Women. 

Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh. 

ACTS (Artists' Campaign Against Tobacco 
.Sponsorship). 

London School ofHygiene and Tropical 
Medicine. 

Chest, Heart and Stroke Association. 
Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain. 

Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of 
Glasgow. 

Women's National Cancer Control Campaign. 
Spastics Society 

COUGHIN. rT> f 
British Institute of Radiology: 

The Rovnl College of Midwives. . 

The Presbyterian Church of Wales. 

British Heart Foundation. 

Action on Smoking and Health. 

Royal College of Nursing. 

Suffolk ASH. 

Health Education Council. 

British Medical Association. 

Northern Health & Soaal Services Board. 

Glasgow 2000- . 

Borough Council of South Tyneside.- 
Royal College of Physicians. 

British Cardiac Sodety. 

Bexley Health Promotion Unit. 

Darlington Health Authority 


Dear Chancellor; 

Over 40% of 16 year-old schoolchildren now smoke! 

(This is proportionally more than the number of adult 
smokers.) 

Yet there’s one obvious and effective way to discourage 
this alarming trend. 

And that’s to put cigarettes further beyond the reach of 
smokers. 

Which is why we urge you to substantially raise the 
price of cigarettes in your budget. 


price of cigarettes in your budget 

Herefordshire Health Authority. Pi 

Stockport Health Authority. L 

Tunbridge Wells Health Authority Education Sc 
Department. Sc 

Blackpool, \Vyre and Fylde, Health Promotion E; 

Unit. ’ Pc 

Lancaster Community Health Promotion B; 

Centre. B: 

Tameside and Glossop District Health Sc 

Authority & 

North Hertfordshire Health Authority X< 

Bexley Health Authority. H 

Community Medidne Department, Milton R< 
Keynes Health Authority B: 

Dumfries and Galloway Regional Council 
Kettering Health Authority. C< 

Health Promotion Unit Worcester & District X< 
Health Authority Di 

Haringey Health Authority. C< 

South Cumbria Health Authority. Tr 

North Manchester Health Authority Health Ez 

Promotion Services. St 

Herefordshire Health Authority. \V 

Frenchay Health Authority. So 

North East Essex Health Authority. Cl 

South Bedfordshire Health Authority. 
Kidderminster and District Health To 

Authority: M 

Paddington and North Kensington Health Wi 

Authority Education Department. Tu 

Worcester and District Health Authority. So 

Swindon Health Authority: Cc 

Lewisham & North Southwark Health So 

Authority Sh 

North Manchester Health Authority. M 

West Berkshire Health Authority. W< 

Croydon Health Authority Cr 

Mid-Downs Heal th Authority, West Sussex. Gr 

Gloucester Health Authority. So 

Doncaster Health Authority Rai 

Plymouth Health Authority. * 

Cheltenham and District Health Authority No 

South West Thames Regional Health Ba 

Authority Ea 

Bolton Health Authority Li\ 

North West Hertfordshire Health Authority Bn 

Northampton Health Authority Bn 

Harrogate Health Authority. Ex 

South Sefton (Merseyside) Health Authority Co 
Brighton Health Authority No 

Shropshire Health Authority: Soi 

The City and Hackney' Health Authority Wr 

Central Manchester Health Authority. I 

South West Durliam Health Authority. Eai 


Preston Health Authority. 

Leicestershire Health Authority 
South Western Regional Health Authority 
South East Kent Health Authority 
East Yorkshire Health Authority. 

Pontefract Health Authority 
Bath District Health Authority. 

Barnet Health Authority 
South Birmingham Health Authority 
East Cumbria Health Authority. 
Northumberland Health Authority 
Hillingdon Health Authority. 

Redbridge Health Authority. 

Barking, Havering and Brentwood Health 
Authority. 

Central Nottinghamshire Health Authority 

North Birmingham Health Authority. 

Durliam Health Authority 

Central Birmingham Health Authority. 

Tralford Health Authority 

East Anglian Regional Health Authority. 

St Helens and Knowsley Health Authority 
Wirral Health Authority. 

South Lincolnshire Health Authority. 
Chorley and South Ribble Health 
Authority 

Tower Hamlets Health Authority 
Merton and Sutton Health Authority. 

West Dorset Health Authority 
Tunbridge Wells Health Authority 
South Tees Health Authority 
Cornwall & Isles of Scilly Health Authority 
Southmead Health Education Department. 
Sheffield District Health Authority 
Milton Keynes Health Authority. 

West Lambeth Health Authority. 

Crewe District Health Authority. 
Greenwich Health Education Service. 
Solihull Heal ill Authority. ‘ 

Paddington and North Kensington Health 
Authority ~ 

NorthWest Regional Health Authority 
Barnsley Health Authority. 

East Hertfordshire Health Authority 
Liverpool Health Authority. 

Brent Health Authority. 

Bradford Health Authority 
Exeter Health Authority. 

Cornwall County Council. 

North Tecs Health Authority. 

South East Kent Health Authority. 
Wandsworth Health Authority Health 
Promotion Services. 

Ealing Health Authority 



Centre. 

!||t P e partmenL 
ag§^ ( 'Ucauon Unit. 
^^auonUnit. 

5®®^' -^whoritv Health 


lucaiion Unit. 


Authority. 

^^W’-H^thStio" 

Clwvd Health ®Sttion\j n iu 

Uest Bettehirf^feduQuon Unit. 
Huntingdon Heal^&icatvonUnit 

Worthing Health Pr^^icminu 

CardifTHealth Educatid&enire. 

Maidstone Distria HetfUfliKafai Unit 
Harrow Health Educatiq^^;i rimeni 
Hampstead Healtli Edut!^^n.m l " 

Pontefract Health Educaxk»j£vi Ce 
Sou tli West Durham Health. 

Department • .. 

West Glamorgan Health Educslln 
DepartmenL ,- r ^ • 

Riverside Health Education Dep^n CnL 
Harrogate Healtli Education SmiM 
Health Education Department, Nbr^ 
Staffordshire Healtli Authority *. 

Nortliampton Health Education Servic^. 
Hartlepool Health Education Deparmiaat. 
Great Yarmouth and Wavenev Health 
Education Service. 

Milton Ke\-nes Healtli Education DepartmenL 
Chichester Health Education Unit. 

Rirtsmouth and Soutli East Hampshire Hea3f$i 
Education Service. T 

Hastings Health Promotion Unit. 

Redbridge and Waltham Forest Health 
Education Service. 

Cornwall Education Committee. 

Gwynedd Health Education L T nit. 

Hounslow Education Committee. 

Maidstone District Health Education Unit. * 
Bloomsbury Health Education Department 
Bristol and Weston District Health Promotion 
Advisory Committee. 

Salisbury Healtli Education Service. 

East Cumbria Healtli Education Department. 
Isle of Wight Health Promotion Unit. 

West Norfolk & Wisbech Healtli Authority, 
Health Education Unit. 

Belfast Education and Library Board. 

The Oxfordshire Health Unit. 

County of Avon. Education Committee. 
Oldham Education Authority. 

South Cumbria Health Authority, Healtli 
Education Unit. 

Health Promotion Unit, Easi Berkshire Health 
Authority. 

The Slough Health Habit. 

North Tees District Health Education Service. 
The Physical Education Association of Great 
Britain and Northern Ireland. 

Newham Healtli Education Service. 

Wigan Healtli Education Department. 
Stockport Healtli Promotion Unit. 

Southampton and South West Hampshire 
Health Education Service. 

Hull and East Yorkshire Health Education 
Service. 

Healtli Education Unit Eastern Health and 
Social Services Board. 

-Sourer, ores. Stinking annum >«und«n Kiwi cluUnm in ISNH. 






Vifimmttr -. 4V r... V 

. ^'. ~ . . .. :: 


rnNRSDAY JANUARY 29 198« 


.PECTRUM 


Movieman 


•• •.••• 


- ; V 


at the 






barricades 






The huge costs of tbe film Revolution and its 
star A1 Pacino have put Goldcrest’s back to 
the wall. But the company is fighting on... 


mm 


Al Pacino does not come cheap. He 
doesn't even come reasonable. In a 
nutshell Al Pacino costs S3 million. 
And that is a large chunk of the £19 
million budget of Hugh Hudson's 
film Revolution, which opens in 
London on Friday. 

It is an unusual film in that it 
hardly matters what the critics 
think; it is almost irrelevant how 
many people pay to see it. For 
Revolution is already a flop.That is 
nothing to do with the quality of 
the film, nor Mr Pacino’s perfor- 
mance, but because it has 
“bombed" in America. 

The United States and Canada 
now represent 75 per cent of the 
world film market, if you fail there 
with a big-budget movie, you have 
foiled full stop. Of course it 
happens all the time, but in this 
case it was a failure that almost 
brought down the most famous and 
spectacularly successful of recent 
British film companies — Goldcrest 

Today, however. Goldcrest’s 
chief executive, Jake Eberts, will 
unveil a rescue plan to institutional 
shareholders - a three-point pack- 
age which, over about 18 months, 
will restore Goldcrest’s financial 
stability. 

But it has been a close thing. Hie 


company that made Gandhi. Chari- 
ots qf Fire. Local Hero and The 
Killing Fields and that had been the 
standard bearer for the British 
cinema renaissance has survived by 
the skin of its teeth. 

The idea for Goldcrest was bom 
in 1973 when the cartoon epic 
Walership Down was made. The 
packaging of that film inspired 
Eberts, a Canadian, to set up the 
British production firm that became 
Goldcrest in 1976. For five yews 
Eberts and a secretary formed .he 
entire staff. 

By then it was a subsidiary of the 
Pearson group, which owns The 
Financial Tunes and Penguin 
Books, and it attracted a handful of 
-arge City investors. Its asse;? were 
tne talents of people like the 
producer David Puttnam and the 
director Richard Attenborough. By 
1983 its track record looked 
immaculate. 

Then Eberts left to join the 
American company Embassy, tak- 
ing with him John Boorman's film 
The Emerald Forest , which 
Goldcrest had tamed against sud- 
denly, after having spent £3 million 
on it. The British renaissance 
seemed to be faltering. Goldcrest 
made the kind of mistakes that 
have brought t’ie downfall of every 
other British movie maker, from 
KOrda's assault on the American 
market in the 1930s to Lew Grade’s 
attempts in the 1980s. And Eberts 
came to the rescue. 

He prjJuced a financial strategy 
.to show that films were as sound an 
investment as anything else. This 
involv ed a complex juggling of risk 


and reward ratios, a strict ceiling on 
every budget and his unsurpassed 
understanding of the American 
market His ideal production year 
would involve one flagship movie 
costing an absolute maximum of 
£ 1 5 million, a medium-budget 
movie costing £6-8 million ana a 
range of low-budget films. 

Every film would be financed 
differently, using the appropiate 
web of guarantees, distribution 
rights and television and video 
deais.A[I this provided a portfolio 
approach to investment that the 
City could understand. Combined 
with the undeniable success of films 
like Gandhi or Chariots of Fire, it 
made financing films seem sensible 
and at least moderately exciting. 
Furthermore, Britain could offer 
the highest quality studios in the 
world and tax incentives. ]. -?# year, 
for example, £1 24 million was 
invested in films in Britain. 

Goldcrest had spent £17,000 
developing the Chariots of Fire 
script and made £750,000 in return; 
risk was almost non-existent. Eberts 
seemed to offer the distant prospect 
of a stable and permanent produc- 
tion base to compete with Holly- 
wood. 

But it had to be a slow process. 
And in this context Colin Welland’s 
“The British are coming" speech at 
the 1982 Oscar awards and all the 
premature crowing about our suc- 
cess were profoundly damaging. 
Behind all that was the simple fact 
that Goldcrest was still in no 


Hugh Hudson's Revolution: Within three weeks of starting shooting, it was $3 million over budget 


• y.-- ■ i* 


MM 


m 


pi 






r-> 0 - 
. ■ ■ 




ES, - 1 








‘If you want to start a 
British film company 
you should first hire 
Jake Eberts and 
second hire nobody 
else’ 



Jake Eberts: about to mivefl 
involving economies and a 


a rescue jplan 
partnership 


position to withstand a major flop. 
Finances may be secure, but 
investors’ confidence could evapo- 
rate. 

James Lee, the key figure 
following the Pearson involvement, 
brought in Sandy Ueberson to 
replace Eberts in 1983. it was a 
logical choice. He was the only man 
around with a comparable under- 
standing of the American market. 

But the company had been too 
ready to abandon the Eberts 
formula-The big production for 
1985 was to be David Puttnam ’s 
Mission, a risky venture involving 
filming in South America. But 
being developed simultaneously 
was Revolution, also aimed at tbe 
lop-of-the-range budget and di- 
rected by Hugh Hudson, who made 
Chariots of Fire. Both Hudson and 
Warner Brothers, which was to 
deliver the film to the US. derided 
they wanted Pacino. Goldcrest 


agreed and already it was in the 
budget stratosphere. “He’s a' great 
actor". Eberts said laterTbut I can’t 
afford him." 

Revolution was dogged by diffi- 
culties. Within three weeks of the 
start of shooting it was $3 million 
over budget. It seemed jinxed. A 
£250,000 camera crane fell over a 
cliff and the final budget of £21 
million has only been reduced to 
£19 million by insurance claims. 
Even the currency markets were 
against it. American guarantees 
dwindled in value as the pound 
rose, and production costs soared 
relative to the dollar. 


required to make a living from the 
American networks. 

The company had also moved 
into huge new offices and now had 
35 staff As it became dear that 
Revolution had problems, it also 
became clear that Goldcrest was 
heading for a catastrophic cash-flow 
crisis. It seemed ready to hit the 
£12 million overdraft ceiling set by 
tbe Midland Bank last year. Eberts 
realized what was happening by 
April. By September he was back in 
control. 


David Puttnam: his new Mission^ filmed in 
South America, could be a lifeline . 
ving from the announce it is to mate Sir .Richard 
Attenborough’s cherished project 
also moved Biko. .. , ~ 

and now had - The moves to "bring help, worth 1 ; 
ne dear that up to £8 million, could keep 

letns, it also Goldcrest in film production. 


Last week the big fear was flat 
Goldcrest would become tittle more 
than a sales office. That has been 
avoided, but the question now is. 
whether the crisis will have scared 
off investors. For the moment there 
win inevitably be a retreat from the 
excitement of recent years — apart 


He has halved the staff and is ' from anything else the favourable 


Meanwhile Goldcrest had aban- 
doned its attempt to penetrate tbe 
American television market, spear- 
headed by the series Robin of 
Sherwood. It had never really 
seemed dose to success with that 
venture. Having grown used to 
quick and spectacular returns from 
movies, executives did not seem 
willing to accept the long slog 


looking for cheaper offices. His plan 
involves investors producing im- 
mediate cash by reassessing their 
television catalogue, teaming up 
with one of the many outsiders 
which have offered partnership or 
takeover, and a revaluation exercise 
which will be announced at the. 
shareholders' meeting. Goldcrest 
will this week unveil two films for 
which it has taken up distribution 
rights and, a' little later, it will 


tax conditions no longer apply. But 
for the future the : lessons/ may 
finally have been learnt. As one 
observer put it “If you want to 
start a British film company you 
should do two things — first , hire 
Jake Eberts and second hire nobody 
else." 


Bryan Appleyard 


Nvwpapw United £86 


If it’s April, it must be India 


/ 


ANIMAL EXPERIMENTS 


IN MEDICAL RESEARCH 


YES * NO 


Would you treat a child suffering fronr 
leukaemia? 


Would you retain Society's hand won 
control ever polio, diphtheria, TB and 
smallpox? 



Would you agree we must haw 
medicines ana vaccines which have 
been tested for safety? 


Would you agree that we need to 
alleviate and control, for example, 
cancer, arthritis, multiple sclerose and 
heart disease? 


Would you like to see a cure for AIDS 
and Legionnaire's disease? 


Animal experimentation has made 
an essential contribution to the 
control and eradication of serious 
diseases. Much more requires to be 
done -this work must continue. 


It did not augur wefl for, 
Henry Weston’s attempt to 
ran round the world when the 
wheels fell off his orange box 
in France after three days. 

The 24-year-old front 
Portsmouth began his global 
jog from Tower Bridge on 
April Fools' Day 1984. with a 
massive hafl-to-the-cccc nt ric 
media storm to see him off. 
He promptly got lost down 
tbe Old Kent Road. 

“I had to dock into a 
launderette and whisper to 
two old ladies: ‘Don’t tell 
anyone yoo've seen me but — 
where's DaitfordT They drew 
me a map on the back of a 
cigarette packet, so then I 
said: ‘Where's Cairo?"’ 

And that was just tbe 
beginning. As the extraor- 
dinary hazards of Henry 
unfolded after 21 months on 
the road (bitumen and bog 
indosire),tbe problem of a 
self-destructing orange box 
being towed by & chap on a 
bicycle — his grandly de- 
signed “support vehicle" — 
was absolutely nothing. 

“By day three 1 couldn't 
walk, never mind run. My 
tegs were terrible. 1 was 
completely shattered," Wes- 
ton said . “And then it got 
worse." 

Chaotic disaster and mfe- 


Henry Weston is 


jogging round the 
world, with only a 


bicycle and orange 


sleeping under tbe stars and 
the inftnence of virulent 
Yugoslavian brandy were 
beginning to tell. 

A running- mate, Rohm 
Cook, resigned in India. 
Weston, however, bankrupt 
and side with ringworm, flew 
on to Perth where he took a 
temporary job as a window 
cleaner to pay his way 
through Malaysia and Tbai- 


box to help him 


hap have been gently on the 
rise ever since as Weston's 


Safeguard your future 

RESEARCH DEFQICESOClErY.GROSVENORGABOErCS HOUSE. GWSVEWORGARDEKSUWDO^SWnvtffli 


rise ever since as Weston's 
tortuous route has led fain 
across Europe to Turkey, 
through tbe strife-tom Mid- 
dle East, along a passage 
through India, down the 
Malay Peninsula and right 
across Australia. 

He derides to ghe up at 
least three times a day. but so 
for England's affiliate mara- 
thon man has ploughed on 
through dysentery, ringworm, 
false arrest for bank robbery, 
almost fatal hangovers, a 
mugging in Melbourne* 
marauding monkey's, hijack- 
ing a glass-bottomed tourist 
boat out of Jordan, five 
collisions with cars and one 
with a working elephant. 


“I flunk it's all perfectly 
normal," be mid when be 
arrived recently In Sydney, 
Australia, after an estimated 
12,000 miles. 

Now only North America 
remains. A useful fact in view 
of Ins mission to raise 
£150,000 for the World 
Wildlife Fund. So for the 
Europeans, Asians and 
Australians have only man- 
aged to muster £10,600. And 
in India they were askb$ him 
for money. 

Weston admits to an over- 
draft of about £2500 and 
sells his body, as it were, en 
route to sponsm* who may 
want to hire -his head and 
shoulders as a temporary 
billboard. 

But with his bizarre stories 
be has become the centre of 
bemused attention fa Sydney. 
“I was just nuateg along in 
India reading — J often read 
and write fetters while I ran 
because it's so boring — when 
suddenly I went smack into 
an elephant’' be- said. 

“The poor Indian chap on 
(op of it feO off laughing. 
He'd never sees^a .white man 
before and I suppose its a bit 
un fortu n ate tbatfo* first one 
he comes aorofs is naming 
along looking pretty terrible 
and reading a book." 

The ghastly looks had less - 
to do with coffidfog with on- 
rushing rehidfa than with his 
outdoor tifestjde* He had only 
been run over foree times at 
ijthat stage, but foe effects^* 


The Far Eastern lands 
proved kinder to him than be 
had dared hope. A Malaysian 
prince invited him to tea, 
where he unwittingly: petted a 
wild bear all afternoon. “I 
thought ft was a dog," he 
said. 

ThaHand bequeathed him 
very own ; presidential- 
styte police escort for the full 
M00 miles of the journey. 
- Of course, baring passed 
through _ all the diaholkal 
■ barriers from pain to the 
politically awkward (as at the 
gateway to Syria, where be 
was refused a visa on tbe 
grounds ’ that bis brand near 
car was green), the language 
harrier presented: no prob- 
lems. Sadly for Sydney’s, 
multi-cult eral education, 

Weston recently 1 embarked 
for Hawaii .— but at least he 
left in style, rawing at the 
head of an egg-and-spoon 
race aO the . nay to the, 
airport. 

He is still raftering from 
two cracked ribs mod. a touch, 
erf pleurisy received from the 
ensbreght of six (franks who 
took a shine-io his camera fa 
Melbourne. Happily, a stoic 
Britishness and a rampant 
sense of Ho&cy . are keeping 
afloat fafapbusto becotoeby 
April the first man ever to 
nm round the world. , 

“Oh. fm a bit bruised and 
battered and. f hate running 
really. Bat all yon can do fa 
carry tm^. he said.. But why? 
“Sometimes I say it's the 
challenge. Bat actually 1 
h»ve*t a dne." 


of conservation 

Whv the owners o f country estate^ 
at the Chanceflor_ 


The taxman is emerging as 
the latest threat to^the 
British countryside. Just as 
some of the biggest land- 
owners am accepting what, 
environmental groups have 
been preaching for years 
that broad-leaved 
hedges, ponds and wud. 
places on their espies are 

good for nature^, many 
claim they art having ta. 
forego conservation -as. cap- 
ital taxes begin to fate , deep • 
into their ancient ancestral 


for wildlife fasiead of turn- 
ing them over to 

subsidized’cereals, and sprat 
£ 16,000 on restoring a sited, 
derelict false to attract wikk 


lift, Hfrhas recentjy planted 
<000 hardwood trees. 


Over the next few months 
hefty apologies from accoun- 
tants urging a reduction in 
tg-rp«t on a wide range of 
interest groups will accu-.. 
mutate on tbe Chancellors 
ffryle But the Country Land- 
owners Association believes 
its case aga inst Capital 
Transfer Tax (CTT) should 
have rather more popular 
appeal than most ritual 
bowk of outrage by the 
professional tax. o bjecto rs, 
particularly to a government . 
which sees deemed gain 
from '/supporting - the 
environment 

As it rehearses its annual - 
appeal to Chancellor Nigel 
Lawson, : • the association 
warns that the consequences 
of inaction could soon be 
imprinted on the country-. 

side. V 

introdaced in 1974, CTT . 
imposes* 60 per coat tax on 
estates idien they are passed 
from one generation to -the 
next. Majqfijof. the older 
landlords, j followmg • their : 
actuaries’ vrisdom that they 
would cbe .fttst - won an 
initial reprieye by ifequgsting 
their land to tbarwives, a 
move exempt from ^^Bul 
10 yeats^an/ those wrtf&are : 
dying antt/fee fiffi^B^'of 
CTT is cojxung to estafi&as;- 
they ; are- passed 'oh fo/fae 
next generation. - 

The CLA argues that Jopg- 
established,; / family-owned 
estates care ferae for ? the£ 
environment doit does fog v 
smaller former " br | mstitsh 
tioaal landowner/ ^ 6 
pressured by shom^ tfsan 
fimmciaV considerations., to 
maximize he - prefi^yfe 
submissions to -.foe'Chan^ 

Capital Gama j^x^qn . pnop-- 


5 000 hardwood trees, 
induding 1,425 oaks, which 
should plcasette consmra- 
tionists of the year 2065 
when they «nne to matunty. 

He has also repaired estate 
houses sympathetically m 
local stone when the cheaper 
option would have been to 
sell them to sitting tenants 
with the risk that they would 
redecorate in more oot-of- 
e ftar acter materials. 

Anthony Bosanquet says; 
"It's unjust and unrealistic 
that once every generation a 
large slice of capital -is 
required from the estate to 
meet tax demands. As land^ 
owners we need to fed we 


Smaller farmers 
have to look for 
a quicker return 
on their land 


have more security of tenure, 
and not see the capital assets 
on which our business is 
based being steadily eroded. 


"This is money which 
could be more usefully 
employed carrying out the 
function of foe landlords,' 
which indudes preservation 
of the country side 
Conservation is a long-term 
commitment If there is a 
financial threat hanging over 
tbe landowner then he is not 
going to . be particularly 
willing to invest in the 
future. It: is only because 1 
am ' a comparatively young 
man fom l can undertake 
this, commitmenL 


Transfcr Tax to pay if foe 
property > piassed on during 
»tfae. lifetime of the land- 




tax threshold ^ amd 
Capitol Transfix .Tax -rates^ 
Within .flicDext 
rests, foe CLA says, many ; 
larger e s t a tes may hare%>^be^ 
sold off -to. smaflcr t iartn§rs. 
who, in order to i*eSe ti»Sr 
bank mana^rs, ■wopM ftfrit 
to - maximize tbc^; yields. 
This could meamcKstroyrag ; 

woods and hedge^to squeeze 
in more growing&space. , L " 
In addition, Jcutter fand- 
owneis are^ha vmg to save to 
meet the fax bffi rather than 
invest :tn ' renewing : the 
environment To prove its 
pmnt foe' CLA has signaled 
out -foe Bosanquet estate 
near Italan, Gwent, as a 
model exampte of what 



Exmplaiy hoAmun 
Anthony Bosanquet 


many more landowners 
would be wflling to do for 
conservation if the Chan- 
cellor would reduce foe tax 
burden. 

Anthony Bosanquet and 
his wife, both in their early 
forties, are unHkdy to have 
to make an eariy payment of 
foe £300.000 CTT WU which 
would be due on thdr 
ancestral holdings, set in 


Landowners mil 
not invest in the 
ftrtnre if they face 
fmandalforeafa 


Marcher ■; land; ; .Eytoi so, 
should . some - premature 
disaster hit Them, Bosanquet 
admits his fondly could not. 
meet the boll and the estate 
; would hatfb to be broken np. 

Earlier ravages of taxation 
have already reduced the. 
estate from . 2,500 acres to 
1,000. Bosanquet has de- 
cided to stamp practical 
conservation oil what re- 
mains. He 'has; fenced off 
corners of fields as havens 


owner, but there are many 
who cannot do this, and 
even those who can are 
giving up their livelihood." 

Richard Williams, head of 
tbe CLA’s tax department, 
says that smaller landowners 
cannot afford to take the 
longer term view and have 
to look for a quicker return 
on the land through high- 
yield crops or conifers. 

“The economics of this 
sort of conservation exercise 
can be justified only on a 
large estate that balances the 
bocks. But if Bosanquet was 
30 years older there would 
be no question of him 
planting hardwood or leav- 
ing land uncultivated. He 
would have to think of the 
Chancellor, not wildlife. 

“All over foe country 
highly desirable conserva- 
tion. projects are comi ng 
under pressure from CTT. u 
estates like foe Bosanquets’ 
are split up there will be no 
scope for foe extras which 
please the conservationists." 


Gareth 
Huw Davies 


CONOSE ^OlOSSWORDifNe 860) 


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THE 


WEDNESDAY PAGE 


First lady of the stage 


When home pressures mean 
no steam in the office 





From Evita cm Broadway to Les Miserables in Britain and bade Patti LaPone is optimistic about fee future 


Patti LuPone, who 
made her stage debut 
in New York at the age 
of four, is the first 
American actress to 
land a leading role with 
the RSC in London 

Patti LuPone, the only daughter of an 
elementary school headmaster in 
Long Island. New York, made her 
stage debut at four, tap dancing. “I 
looked out at the audience and they 
were all smiling", she recalled. "I 
thought: Gee. I can do whatever I 
like and they’ll still smile." And by 
and large they have. Patti, 36 this 
vear. is the first American actress and 
singer to have a principal role with 
the Royal Shakespeare Company. 

, She is now more than halfway 
' - through her contract as Fantine.the 
fallen factory girl in Les Miserables , 
an unusual arrangement made pos- 
sible by an agreement between 
British and American Equity under 
which a British actor would be 
allowed to work in the United States. 
Later this year the show opens in 
America and Patti may return home, 
where she has first refusal for the 
pan. 

Patti LuPone is small and ex- 
tremely energetic with an angular 
face and an enormous elastic mouth. 
She has straight mouse-brown hair 
and a voice that rises high and falls 
low as she gestures, mimics and 
describes. She is seldom still. The 

TOMORROW I 


evening I went to see her in her 
dressing room before her perfor- 
mance at the Palace Theatre. 
London, she was drinking Lucozade 
with gusto from small bottles stored 
in her fridge. She wore jeans, soft red 
leather boots and a man’s vast black- 
and-white striped cotton jacket 
When she says her life has been one 
of continuous movement you be- 
lieve her. 

After her first success at four, she 
kept on tap dancing until as a 
teenager she started dancing classes 
in New York with Martha Graham. 
At IS came formal singing tuition. 
She might have taken up opera, as 
her mother hoped, but she flunked 
the Juilliard School audition. “It was 
the perfect cliche audition", she 
said."One judge was filing her nails 
and another was reading a book." 

A year later, John Houseman was 
one of the directors to add a drama 
division to the school; this time there 
was no hesitation. Four years of 
slogging but exhilarating routine of 

Les Miserables came 
out of the blue 

13 hours’ work a day, six days a 
week, and Patti LuPone left as one of 
the first 17 graduates, a group so in 
tune with each other that The A few 
York Times's theatre critic said it 
would be crazy to disband them. 
John Houseman agreed; he spoke to 
Equity and arranged that the 17 
should lour the United States in a 
bus. to this day the only permanent 
repertory company doing classical 
and contemporary theatre. 

it was a remarkable apprenticeship. 


“Fifteen years' experience in four” is 
how she describes iL Almost without 
a break, they often performed one- 
night stands of major plays before 
climbing back on the bus for another 
gruelling drive. (Their driver was so 
fast that he could circumvent union 
rules about time at the wheel and still 
reach cities on time.) 

“We did Measure for Measure on 
an altar. in Kansas City. We had 
hecklers in all those cities where no 
one had anything to do on a Saturday 
night. And in the Bronx we regularly 
lost out to basketball games." But she 
learnt that audiences were sophis- 
ticated: they knew what they wanted. 
Contrary to all expectations, the 
American Midwest was mad about 
Restoration comedy and knowledge- 
able too. 

That grounding paid off. She was 
soon offered a series of parts in New 
York, both on and off Broadway. 
There were film roles and, in 1980, 
the title role in EvUaSar which she 
won a Toni award. Since then she 
has had good roles in the New 
American National Theatre in 
Washington and a part in the film 
lVimess.She is never out of work: 
“I'm prepared to go where the work 
is", she said. 

Home, when she manages to get 
there, is in Chelsea, New York. There 
she usually leaves her 1 5-year-old cat, 
her quilt, coffee pot and favourite 
pillow. But all of these, except the 
cat. have come with her to the 
Hampstead house she has rented for 
the run of Les Miserables. During her 
stay she hopes to visit King Arthur 
country, as the musical Camelot has 
turned her into an “ Arthurian 
freak". 

Patti LuPone is optimistic about 


her future; something will always 
turn up. “Look at Les Miserables". 
she said.“lt came out of the blue in 
September because they couldn’t find 
another Fan tine." If there's nothing 
around in April she wants a long 
holiday in the Seychelles, or perhaps 
a trip on the 28ft sailing sloop she 
shares with her twin brothers. “I used 
to read a lot, now I sit and dream. I 
got tired of lugging books about" 
Those dreams include singing at the 
Apollo in Harlem, and opera at the 
Met - both jokes, she says firmly - 
but another is serious: acting on the 
London stage. She also wants to do 

Midwest mad about 
Restoration comedy 

Greek tragedies in Greece. Does she 
know any Greek? “Oh no", she 
laughed loudly,“but I could." 

She looks exceptionally fit, the 
result of at least three sessions a week 
on a body trainer. She drinks very lit- 
tle, smokes even less and is always 
conscious of how she looks.“It seems 
all these years I’ve devoted myself to 
honing my craft I need to keep 
myself strong emotionally and phys- 
ically. I don’t really know how 1 keep 
mentally fit except that I accept all 
situations as being destined." 

As 1 left, Patti LuPone looked at 
the travelling clock on her dressing 
iable.“Ah, quarter to six. Lots of 
time. Til ‘have a nap." Then, calling i 
me back, she remembered: “That's 
how I keep mentally fit. I have 
naps." 

Caroline 

Moorehead 


How the Pope 
will tread 
warily through 
India’s religious 
minefield 


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Ingredients are sometimes 
typecast as firmly as actors, 
and with the same waste of 
potential. The Seville orange 
is so familiar in its mar- 
malade role that it is seldom 
nowadays given bit-parts in 
other recipes, and still less 
frequently, a chance to star, 
h was not always thus. 

Nell Gwyn may have sold 
sweet China or Portugal 
oranges to 17th-century the- 
atre goers, but the oranges 
spoken of in contemporary 
cookery books were the sour, 
bitter-skinned oranges of Se- 
ville. 

Its short season is now in 
full swing and this year the 
price ranges from about 28 to 
38p a pound. Whole oranges 
and freshly squeezed juice 
both freeze successfully for 
use later in the year. The 
flavour of frozen oranges is 
unimpaired. But the texture 
of the skin softens when they 
are thawed so grate the zest 
from the fruit while it is still 
frozen, then thaw the oranges 
to extract the juice. 

Orange tarts 

Makes 6 small or 1 large 

For the pastry 

I40g (5oz) plain flour 

55g (2oz) icing sugar 

Pinch of salt 

110g (4 oz) butter 

1 egg yoft 

A few drops of vanilla extract 

| For the filling 

Finely grated zest and juice of 

2 Seville oranges 

3 large eggs 

170g (6 oz) caster sugar 
150ml (’A pint) double cream 
Icing sugar to dust 

To make this very rich sweet 
pastry, pate sabfiv. the butter 
is used at room temperature 
instead of chilled and the 
dough is worked as little as 

possible. 

To make it in a processor, 
sift the dry ingredients into 




COOK 

SHONA CRAWFORD POOLE 




tSJT 







the bowl and add the butter 
in large dice. Process to the 
. texture of fine breadcrumbs, 
then add the egg yolk mixed 
with vanilla, and process 
until the dough forms a ball 
round the blade. Use at once 
or chill before rotting out. 

When malting the pastry by 
hand the procedure is virtu- 
ally reversed. Work the 
butter with the fingertips 
until it is soft, then blend in 
the sugar, salt, egg and 
vanilla. Lastly work in the 
flour. 

Roil out the dough thinly 
and use it to line six small 
loose-bottomed tins measur- 
ing about I Ocm (Four inches) 
across, or one 20cm (eight 
inch) tin. Bake the shells 
blind in a preheated mod- 
erate oven (l80°C/350 fl F, gas 
mark 4) for about 15 min- 
utes. There is no need to 
prick or weigh the pastry 
which is so rich it does not 
bubble up. 


Whisk together the orange 
juice and zest, eggs, caster 
sugar and cream. Take the 
pastry from the oven and 
reduce the heat to cool 
(15<rC/30<rF. gas mark 2). 
Fill the cases with the orange 
cream and return them to the 
oven for about 15 minutes, 
or until the filling has set 

Allow the tails to cool a 
little before turning them 
carefully out of their tins. 
Sprinkle them with a little 
icing sugar and serve them 
while sull warm. 

Jams and marmalades 
made with less than the 
conventional proportions of 
sugar are a thing of the 
moment, and in the ra se of 
marmalade the more pun- 
gently orangey taste has a lot 
to recommend it. 

Use the instructions in the 
following recipe to make 
about 3.2kg (71bs) of sweeter 
marmalade using 900g (21b) 
Seville oranges with two 


lemons, 225 litres (4 pints) 
of water and 1.8kg (41b) of 
granulated or preserving 
sugar. 

Sevffle orange marmalade 

Makes about 2.5kg (5gjb) 
t-5kg (3% lb) Seville oranges 

2 lemons 

225 litres (4 pints) water 

1.2kg (2%Jb) granulated or 

preserving sugar 

Line a sieve with a square of 
muslin or cheesecloth and set 
it over a bowL Cut the fruit 
in halves, squeeze the juice 
and strain it into fee bowl. 
Using a teaspoon, scoop fee 
pulp, pips and pith into fee 
sieve. Tie up the cloth into a 
loose bag and put it into fee 
preserving pan wife fee juice. 

Taking a very sharp knife, 
cut fee peel only into fine 
strips about 2.5cm (I inch) 
long and add them to fee pan 
wife water. Bring to the boil, 
reduce fee beat, and simmer 
until the peel is very tender 
and the liquid has reduced to 
half its original volume - 
about two hours. 

Lift fee bag out of fee pan 
and squeeze back into its 
contents as much of fee 
pectin-rich liquid as possible. 

Now add fee sugar (which 
will dissolve more quickly if 
it has already been warmed 
in the oven), and stir on a 
low heat until it has melted 
completely. Increase fee heat 
and boil fee marmalade 
rapidly for a set. To lest for 
setting, drop a small spoonful 
on to a cold plate. If it 
stiffens and forms a skin 
quite quickly it will set. 

Remove the pan from fee 
heat, and if necessary skim 
the marmalade. To prevent 
all the peel from floating to 
fee tops of fee jars, allow the 
marmalade to cool a little 
before potting it in very dean 
jars preheated in a cool oven 
(1 1(TC/225*F, gas mark 1/4). 
Seal fee jars when fee 
marmalade is quite cold. 

■ustraUon: Dona Lexauitar 


Why do women 
lake more time 
off work than 
men? Lee RodweU 
investigates 

Most couples have known 
for a long time what 
researchers have nowproved: 
if you are having a tough 
time at work, things may be 
far from sweetness and tight 
at home. Yet it is only 
recently feat those who 
specialize in studying fee 
effects of stress on working 
people have woken np to fee 
feet feat there is another 
side to the coin: if people are 
going through hell at home; 
their work is going to suffer. 

Recent studies, for exam- 
ple by the National Centre 
for Health Statistics in the 
United States, show that 
more working days are lost 
by separated or divorced 
people than by staff who are 
married or single. 

Now a one-day con- 
ference, sponsored by the 
Marriage Research Centre 
and Control Data, a large 
computer company, is to be 
held on March 25 at the 
Royal College of Physicians, 
and will address itself to fee 
impact of domestic stress on 
performance at work. 

Robert Chester, a senior 
lecturer in psychology at the 
University of Hull, who will 
be reading a paper at the 
conference, says: “There has 
been a lot of work on the 
impact of work stress on 
domestic relationships, but 
there is also evidence that 
marital or domestic disrup- 
tion can produce a lot of 
distress and ill-health. Re- 
search on samples of di- 
vorced people shows that 
their attitude and perfor- 
mance at work is affected 
and that they lose time at 
work, not just through ill- 
health but by having to take 
days off to see solicitors and 
so on." 

Absence from work - 
whatever the cause - is a 
recurrent problem for 
employers. Facts and figures 
are hard to come by, and the 
statistics published in the 
Genera] Household Surveys 
provide a very limited pic- 
ture. What does emerge, 
however, from a variety of 
sources, is that women tend 
to take more time off from 
work than men. 

According to the General 
Household Surveys, women 
have had slightly higher 
sickness absence rates than 
men since 1980. In 1983, the 
last year for which figures 
are available, 4.8 per cent of 
female workers were off rick 
in the week before they were 
interviewed, compared with 
3.5 per cent of male workers. 
The difference was even 
more pronounced when only 
full-time workers were 
considered, largely because 
levels of sickness were 
higher among full-time than 
among part-time female 
employees. 

Last year Jennifer Pinder, 
a London dentist, lost a test 


case claiming feat a life 
insurance company was 
discriminating against 
women by charging higher 
premiums for health cover. 

Last year, a survey by fee 
Industrial Society analysing 
information provided by 
member organizations found 
feat female workers were 
more often absent than their 
male counterparts by 28 per 
cent. Men lost 7.44 days a 
year, women 9.54. 

What this means to in- 
dividual businesses can be 
illustrated by fee case of an 
electrical company employ- 
ing about 3,500 people. 
About 500 of these work in 
the head office, and fee rest 
me employed in a number of 
factories in the Home Coun- 
ties. 

According to the firm's 
managing director, about 70 
per cent of head office staff 
is male and absenteeism is 
about 3 per cent annually. In 
the factories, fee skilled 
staff who tend to be male 
and weekly paid, have an 
absenteeism rate of about 6 
per cent. But the weekly 
paid unskilled staff — 
predominately female — 
have a rate of closer to 10 
per cent. 


Company 
advice 
schemes 
cut down 
staff 
sickness 


This particular employer 
feels that self-certification — 
which was linked to the 
introduction of the Employ- 
ers Statutory Sick Pay 
Scheme in 1983 — is partly 
to blame for the increase in 
absenteeism. He says: "The 
problem is getting worse and 
worse as people realize it is 
eario* to take time off. I 
always find it amazing feat 
the bugs know who and 
when to strike.” 

Not aO employers agree 
feat self-certification has had 
a direct impact on absentee- 
ism. The Industrial Society 
found that out of 204 
companies, 88 felt it had no 
effect, 34 were happy wife 
fee system and 82 were 
dissatisfied wife iL And 
there is no evidence to show 
that women abuse it more 
than men. 

Dr Peter Taylor, Inter- 
national Medical Adviser at 
Unilever, has been studying 
absenteeism for many years 
and gave the Industrial 
Society help with the survey. 
He says: “No doubt some 
women occasionally gild fee 
lily, but most are not 
malingerers." 

So why should working 
women get ill more often 
than working men? Dr 
Taylor suggests that one 
reason may be that working 
women have a tougher life 
than working men. “Who 


gets fee supper? Who 
changes the sheets?" 

He has a poinL According 
to Social Trends , published 
earlier this month, male full- 
time employees have 33.5 
hours of free time a week, 
compared wife 24.6 hours 
for their female counter- 
parts. 

Another factor which may 
have some bearing on fee 
question of absenteeism is 
that of job satisfaction. A 
report published by Incomes - 
Data Service in 1984 
pointed out: “Research has 
consistently shown that ab- 
sence rates vary quite- 
considerably when analysed 
by job category. White-collar — 
employees tend to be absent 
less often than works 
employees, reflecting job 
satisfaction and higher 
responsibility. Even within ' 
sum and works categories 
there are significant dif- 
ferences, wife managerial 
staff having lower absences 
than clerical staff and crafts- 
men attending better than ‘ 
production operatives." 

The report also says: “It is 
worth remembering that, 
since women are con- 
centrated in less senior . 
grades in most organiza- 
tions, their higher absence . . 
rates may reflect their job 
satisfaction as much as fee 
feet feat they are women." '. 

Women take time off if . 
they happen to be mothers ‘ 
of small children. The 1983 1 
General Household Survey 
showed feat absence rates.' 
for women varied in relation 
lo the age of fee youngest 
dependent child. 

Seven per cent of women 
wife children under fee age 
of five were absent for 
personal and other reasons, 
including absence on ac- 
count of children, compared 
wife 2 per cent of women 
and older dependent chil- 
dren and 1 per cent of 
women wife no dependent 
children. Only 2 per cent of 
men wife dependent chti- 
. dren under five were absent 
for personal and other rear 
sons. 

Control Data, which em- 
ploys 1,500 people in fee 
United Kingdom, in- 
troduced a new service for 
its employees in 1981. The 
Employee Advisory Re- 
source (EAR for short) was 
set up to provide a confiden- 
tial* source of advice and 
counselling on any problem 
employees wish to discuss. 

Control Data is now 
offering its counselling and 
advisory service to other 
companies. John Hall, man- 
ager of EAR, is convinced 
that by helping people re- 
solve anything which is 
causing stress — whether it is 
a practical problem about, 
money or housing or an 
emotional one about a 
relationship — the company 
is also helping itself. 

“If someone has a prob- 
lem, they are more likely to 
take time off By helping 
them sort things out quicker, 
we help them and we help 
the company." 

© lima N nempe pe ra Ud 1988 


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THF tth/ics WEDNESDAY JANUARY 29 1986 


THE TIMES 


Argie 

bargie 


My disclosure ihat members of 
the Argentine parliament are to 
visit the Commons next month 
has provoked an anguished 
phone call from Eric Ogden, the 
former Labour MP and chairman 
of the Falkland Islands Commit- 
tee. He is outraged that the Inter 
Parliamentary Union, of which 
Mrs Thatcher is president, should 
have been roped in to dignify the 
visit. "I do not support quislings 
inviting our enemies into the 
House of Commons. Those 
responsible are either naive or 
malignant, willing to do anything 
to embarrass the Government 
even at the expense of British 
interests and British citizens.” 
Labour foreign affairs spokesman 
George Foulkes. meanwhile, yes- 
terday met two members of the 
Falklands legislature. John Cheek 
and Lewis Clifton, both con- 
cerned about Labour's intentions 
towards the islanders. He admits 
that the “64,000 dollar question" 
still remains: will Baroness 
Young, for the Foreign Office, 
meet the Argentine politicians? 

Setting sun? 

Granada group chairman Ales 
Bernstein may yet be able to 
follow in the footsteps of his an 
dealer son and completely in- 
dulge his passion for art. 
Bernstein’s recent abortive bid to 
merge Granada with Ladbroke 
was seen b> some as a sellout by 
the 49-year-old tycoon, whose 
energies of late seem to have 
been equally divided between the 
spheres of business and contem- 
porary art. Now it is strongly 
rumoured in the City that ihe 
Rank Organisation, and possibly 
Lonrho. intends to bid for 
Granada, whose television arm is 
still suffering from the advertis- 
ing slump and which is under 
pressure from the 1BA to float 40 
per cent of its shares. Whether he 
wishes to get out or nou the title 
of Granada's autumn serial 
sounds portentous: Lost Empires. 
based on the work of 
J.B. Priestley. 

Optional extra 

Flat hunting has taken me into a 
new world. First 1 am told that 
flats are now described as 
“units." Yesterday estate agents 
Morgan Gillie said in details of a 
house: “The mahogany loo 
seai...may be availaiie by 
negotiation.” 

•Latest jargon among the un- 
employed: “I'm off down the 
sausage." Sausage r '! — dole. 
Get it? 


Public view 


After 50 year' of foiling to 
acknowledge i; . existence of 
Edward vlll the Palace of 
Westminster May be about to 
crack. Michael Bloch, Edward’s 
authorized biographer, claims the 
Palace “feels strongly that there 
should be something" to honour 
the Duke. It is shocking, says 
Bloch, that the only portrait of 
Edward on view to the public 
hangs ; n the headquarter ship of 
the C mpany of Master Mari- 
ner?: • isewhere there are only two 
caricatures of him in ihe Na- 
'tional Portrait Gallery - . Yesterday 
the Palace said it would investi- 
gr . my inquiry. 


BARRY FANTONI 



‘It’s elementary. Watson. She 
sent the letter, so he made the 
leak, so the first letter, 
which she didn't see, which was 
□ever sent, so when...' 

Fasting on 

The two Worthing brothers who 
vowed to starve to death unless 
the local council reverses its 
decision to close the town s 
Connaught Theatre spoke to me 
yesterday after 22 days starva- 
tion. Roy and Michael Wilson, 
who both stand nearly six feet, 
now weigh just over seven and a 
half stone. Both men. who have 
stuck to onW water with a slice of 
lemon while under observation at 
their home, are suffering palpita- 
tions of the heart and are very 
weak, but they refuse to see 
doctors. When 1 rang them, the 
mayor of Worthing, Stan Moore, 
was with them, making fruitless 
pleas to end their fast He told 
me that even if the council does 
capitulate, no decision can be 
taken until March 6 — and it is 
unlikely the brothers could live 
until then.The theatre closed on 
January IT because the council 
could not afford its £178,000-3- 
vear upkeep. Roy. an author, and 
Michae' a '‘‘’biographer, had 
■ ’he Connaught 

phs 


Governments stumble over 
molehills, not mountains. U 
emerged on Monday that Mrs 
Thatcher came wiihin measuring 
distance of losing the premiership 
because neither Leon Brittan nor 
the officials involved appreciated 
the heinousness of leaking a toner 
from a government law officer. 

As is clear from his letter ot 
January 7 to Michael Hesdtinc. 
then Secretary of State lor 
Defence. Sir Patrick May hew was 
furious. At sexeral stages ne 
considered resigning. Had ne 
done so the Attorney-General. Sir 
Michae] Havers, would ha^e 
gone u*iih him.Ii is hard to see 
how a prime minister could 
survive the loss of both men in 
such circumstances. 

Mrs Thatcher must take some 
of the Wame - although not 
nearlv as much as the messiness 
of the afTair would suggest. She 
made only one enor of judge- 
ment: as soon as she found out 
about the leak, she should have 
realized that it put her in peril. 
She should have immediately 
instructed her Principal Private 
Secretary. Nigel Wicks, to find 
out at once what had happened 
and why. 

When Sir Patrick then de- 
manded an inquiry- she could 
have informed him of WicJ./s 
findings — and. inevitably, of 
Brittan’s resignation. Having 
failed to mobilize Wicks, the 
Prime Minister had no choice but 
to concede an inquiry — even if 
in the process the government 


»r went 

Bruce Ande rson on the Governments 
resp onse to the damage 
sustained in the Westland leak row 


was made to seem like a dinosaur 
which had to commission a 
geographical survey to discover 
the whereabouts of its own 
hindquarters. 

But if the details of the 
Mayhcw leak can now be 
consigned to Dalydl-land. that is 
not true of its political con* 
sequences. !i has knocked the 
government completely out of its 
stride, iust at a moment when it 
was already vulnerable. The 
Prime Minister yet again finds 
herself trying to persuade the 
electorate that an economic 
recovery is taking place while all 
the indications are turning 
against her. Many Tories fear 
that recent events have so 
diminished ber authority as to 
make that task almost 
impossible.That is why, even 
after Monday, many believe that 
(he party would do better at the 
next election under a new leader. 

The feeling against Mrs 
Thatcher would need to be very 
much more intense, however, 
before there was any prospect 
either of a candidate for the party 
leadership opposing her or of a 
putsch by the party's grandees. 

There are signs, however, that 
the grandees are preparing to 
assen themseUes. Last Friday. 


while Mrs Thatcher was appar- 
ently uying to persuade Leon 
Brittan not to resign, both 
Douglas Hurd (on radio), and 
John Biffen (on television), more 
or less told him that he would 
find a loaded revolver on the 
library table. 

On Sunday Hurd, as well as 
advising the Prime Minister to 
take some rest and recreation (a 
lost cause if there ever was), 
mused on the need to have better 
Cabinet discussions. And while 
winding up on Monday Biffen, 
the arch-consolidator, stated that 
the government should be “de- 
fined and realistic in its am- 
bitions and effective in its 
operations." What he meant was 
that it should limit its ambitions 
so as to be affective. 

The Prime Minister will un- 
doubtedly come under discreet 
pressure to adopt a different 
approach towards the Cabinet. It 
will be pointed out to her that if 
she refuses to .use it as a political 
sounding board, she ought not lo 
be surprised if there are political 
crises. Within the Cabinet, we 
may expect the first subtle signs 
of a shift in the balance of power 
as a new generation emerges. 
Hitherto the Cabinet axis of 
Thatcher. Tebbit. Lawson, Young 


wrong 

and Howe has enjoyed virtually 
unchallenged pre-eminence. In 
future Hurd, Baker. Qarke, 
MacGregor and Channon will 
become more assertive, albeit 
graduallv. 

The Prime Minister would 
much prefer it if the rising stars 
were her own disciples, rather 
than former Heathites. but since 
she cannot afford to lose many 
more ministers there is not much 
she can do about it This is not to 
say there is no scope for further 
blood-letting. 

Technically, Mrs Thatcher’s 
PPS is not even a Junior 
minister, in reality his job is 
more important than all but the 
most senior Cabinet posts. He is 
her political antennae, intelli- 
gence network, diplomat and 
early-warning system rolled into 
one. He is the oil in the engine. 

Ian Gow, the PPS in the last 
Parliament, did the job magnifi- 
cently. His successor, Michael 
Allison, is universally respected 
as a devout and good man, but 
universally credited with not 
even a milligram of political 
nous, and does not enjoy the 
confidence of his parliamentary 

colleagues. 

Allison was in no way respon- 
sible for the recent problems. But 
as the government once again 
faces the task of winning back 
critical points in the opinion 
polls, and the likelihood of third 
place in the Fulham by-election, 
most Tory MPs think it is time 
the car had some oiL 


Bernard Levin: the way we live now 



nd Englishmen 


Sell your Australian shares now*, 
revolution is about k> break out 
there, and the End of Civilization 
As We Know It will almost 
certainly follow. For the Austra- 
lian government has just an- 
nounced that at least 1.300.CW0 
kangaroos are going to be killed 
in a drive to control their 
numbers — which, when last 
counted, totalled some 17 mil- 
lion. or almost exactly one and a 
bit kangaroos tor every man. 
woman and child in the country. 

Let us consider this uproar 
calmly. Those who think that IT 
million kangaroos are a bit too 
( much of a good thing argue rhat 
if they are not culled many more 
will die. and in worse wavs, 
owing to a lack of suitable foods; 
this argument is put forward first, 
though if those putting it forward 
weren't afraid that the ecologico 
conservationists would start cull- 
ing them, they would admit that 
it should really come second to 
the claim that kangaroos are in 
any case a pest and ought to be 
stamped out. 

The uproar that will ensue, 
even without that last point is of 
the kind provoked by the culling 
of baby seals. Anyone who has 
never been kicked by a kangaroo 
is quite likely to think of them as 
merry creatures with their young 
sticking ibeir heads out of the 
familiar pouches to make terribly 
amusing remarks: if A.A. Milne 
had never existed, it would not 
be in the least necessary, much 
less advisable, to invent him. 1 
have no reason to suppose that 
Australians, though presumably 
not brought up on Winnie-the- 
Pooh. will be any less given to 
going ooh-ah when they see the 
kangaroos on television just 
before the machine-guns open up 

Now the more suspicious of 
you will already have guessed 
ihat I have introduced today's 
subject with an illustration from 
the Antipodes in order to trap 
you into thinking vourseJvess 
superior to those silly Austra- 
lians. with their fuss about a lot 
of kangaroos being killed, so that 
I can triumphantly demonstrate, 
with evidence concealed till the 
Ijm moment, that we arc ever, 
bit as silly. Wrong: J propose to 
demonstrate that we are very 
much sillier, and perhaps, by the 
time I have finished, that u’c are 
something rather worse than 
silly. 

Down in Devon, which is a Jot 
nearer than Australia, at any roie 
from where I am si in me. a hoy of 
13 was recently savaged by" an 
alsaiian. He had. 'it seems. 



appeared on a doorstep, curiously 
garbed, and cried, as the door 
was opened. “Trick or Treat". 
(This suggests that the incident 
must have happened at Hallo- 
we’en. and that the pleasant 
American custom of children 
making such visits, to be given 
bars of chocolate and the like by 
those who prefer to treat rather 
than be tricked, has crossed the 
Atlantic.) The dog leaped upon 
him and bit him frightfully: the 
child had wounds to the groin 
which required 20 stitches. 

Later, there were court pro- 
ceedings. and the dog's owner 
was ordered to have it destroyed: 
in making the order, the mag- 
istrate said that he did so “in 
view of the saxagery of the attack- 
and the dreadful in-iuries 
sustained". No: not even the 
most suspicious among you can 
have guessed what 1 am leading 
up to. For miles around, sym- 
pathy is being expressed, money 
raised, protests lodged, on bench 
ut' the J<"s. 

Moreover, the doe’s owner has 
been giving tongue, it appears 
that she is sure that Danko, for 
such is the beast’s name, only- 
acted as it did "because he was 
frightened”. It further appears 
thai ihe hound is "gentle and 
placid”. Na>. "he is wonderful 
with children” — so much so. 


apparently, that “1 never worry 
about him when strangers visit”. 

Well, you should, dearie, and 
you should start the worrying as 
soon as possible. You should also 
notice the striking discrepancy 
between your claim that the 
animal is “gentle and placid" and 
the tact that it caused“dreadul 
injuries". You should also decide 
whether it is absolutely correct to 
describe as wonderful with chil- 
dren a creature which has just 
done its level best to cat a 13- 
ycar-old. and succeeded to a 
remarkable extent While you are 
about it. you should explain why. 
when a child accidentally 
frightens a dog. it ought not to 
occasion surprise when the dog 
tears bits out of him. .And to end 
this catalogue of should*. you 
should slop referring to your 
horrible thing as "he". 

Danko, as 1 say. was — is — an 
alsatian: these loathsome animals 
are literally untamable, and their 
ownership should be controlled 
as closely as is that of firearms. 
But that is not the most 
important aspect of this matter. 
The owner of a dog which has 
horribly savaged a human being, 
and a child at that, might be 
expected to anounce immedi- 
ately. without waiting for the law. 
that it is to be destroyed, and to 
add to the announcement — or 


indeed to precede it with - an 
unqualified public apology to the 
victim. 

That is lo say. such actions 
might be expected by those who 
were not sunk in the odious 
anthropomorphism which in this 
country passes for an attitude to 
animal's. But as far as I can see. 
most of this country's population 
is not only sunk in such ah 
attitude, bui drowned full fathom 
five in iL 

Those who persuade them- 
selves that animals are human 
beings will sooner or later come 
to believe that human beings are 
animals. Why is it so difficult to 
get into the heads of people like 
this dog-owner the simple fact 
which needs no emotion attached 
to it (though I cannot see why it 
should not have plenty), that a 
dog which has all but dis- 
membered a child ought not, in 
any circumstances, to have the 
opportunity to do it again ? 

It is. I think, yet another 
outbreak of the greatest plague of 
our time, that failure of imagina- 
tion which leads to the drying-up 
of the healing salve of empathy. 
From that atrophy of fellow- 
feeling have in this century 
sprung things for more terrible 
than a failure to distinguish 
carefully enough between the 
rights of a boy and of a dog. I do 
not. after all. suppose the dog- 
owner wasn’t sorry for the child. 

But she was very much too 
sorry for the dog. There is a 
variant of the Pathetic Fallacy at 
work here, attributing human 
feelings and qualities to animals, 
and the result is a dangerous 
skewing of the perspective, so 
that the dog's rights become 
equal to the boy's, if not greater, 
and in no time graffiti will have 
appeared on every wall in the 
area: “Danko is innocent OK”: 
“No capital punishment for 
dogs“: "We demand second bites 
for all". 

Two legs good four legs better. 
No; all those who have contrib- 
uted to the dog's defence fond are 
curs, but they should ask them- 
selves why they identify with an 
animal rather than a person, and 
what this says about their own 
limitations, their own shrinking 
from becoming fuffy human, with 
all that that implies of pain and 
fear and effort and hope and joy. 
When they have finished they 
might also cast an eye over 
Dante: 

You were not born to lire the lives 
of brutes. 

But virtue to pursue, and knowl- 
edge high. 


war: the truth obscured 


Last summer the Greek govern- 
ment protested officially that 
questions in the London Univer- 
sity A-level Modem Greek paper 
were an unacceptable intrusion 
into the country's internal 
affairs.This is just one of the 
odder indications of the way the 
studv of the recent past in Greece 
remains a highly charged issue. 

Rational discussion in Greece 
of the wartime occupation and 
ensuing civil war proved impos- 
sible under governments of the 
right, and it has proved impos- 
sible under Andreas 
Papandreou’s Pasok government. 
One distorted orthodoxy has 
simply been substituted for 
another. All the more reason, one 
would have thought, to welcome 
the recent Channel 4 series. 
Greece: The Hidden H ’or. 

Given the makers’ avowed, 
and imaginative, intention of 
looking at the troubled decade of 
the 1 940s through the ey es of the 
vanquished, it was perhaps in- 
evitable that a one-sided picture 
should have emerged. It is one 
thing, however, to afford Greek 
left-wingers the opportunity to 
give their perspective on these 
events, quite another to ac- 
company these recollections with 
a tendentious and demonstrably 
inaccurate commentary. 

In keeping with Pasok ortho- 
doxy. Greece's wartime travails 
an? largely attributed to the 


daemonic machinations of Chur- 
chill and the British, and its post- 
war tribulations to the 
.Americans. Even the terrible 
famine of 1941 is blamed, not on 
well-documented German plun- 
der. but or. the British blockade. 
The Germans and Italians, in- 
deed. are given what amounts to 
a mere walk-on pan in the 
unfolding drama. Yet whatever 
the British were up lo. it was not 
they who were drowning Greek 
children in pits of excrement. 

Some of the script's errors are 
simply ludicrous. It claimed that 
in the summer of J945 Bntain’s 
Greek "clients" had imprisoned 
nacre than $0,000 former mem- 
bers of the communist-controlled 
Elas resistance army. Even its 
own commander never claimed a 
total membership of more than 
50.090. Other errors arc merely 
elementary: the misplacing of the 
Battle of El Alamein in early 
i 443 rather than October 1942. 

Statements for which there is 
no evidence were passed off as 
fact. The commentary asserted 
that Napoleon Zervas. leader of 
the non-com munist resistance 
group Edes. took to ihe moun- 
tains only after being given a 48- 
hour ultimatum by "the British” 
that unless he did so they would 
denounce him to the Germans. A 
Greek naval officer, who had e 
marked antipathy to Zervas and 
who operated a Spcciai Opera- 


tions Executive transmitter, 
claimed that he personally had 
given such an ultimatum. But to 
extrapolate from this that his 
action represented British policy 
is unwarranted and misleading. 

Plain common sense should 
have led to the rejection of this 
particular canard as improbable. 
For even if the British, as the 
programme erroneously con- 
tends. did place all their hopes 
for countering EAM/Elas on 
Zervas as early as the summer of 
1942. when their knowledge of 
the realities of occupied Greece 
was confused in the extreme, who 
in their right mind would have 
pinned such hopes on a man who 
had to be blackmailed into taking 
the field against the Germans? 

To accept that the achievement 
of the communist-led EAM/Elas 
was indeed a remarkable one 
calls for the blackguarding of 
neither the British nor the non- 
communist resistance. Moreover, 
there is no hint of the equivoca- 
tions of the communists during 
the period before the German 
invasion of Russia when the 
Comintern line was that the war 
was a struggle between rival 
imperialisms. 

Once an imperialist war had 
been transformed into a war for 
the defence of the Soviet mother- 
land. (he communists in Greece 
did lake a courageous and 
energetic lead in organizing 


resistance. Even then, however, 
the pr og ra m me gave no hint of 
the fact that, were it not for Elas's 
initial reluctance, the destruction 
of the Gorgopo tamos viaduct 
might have taken jBSce in time to 
affect the battle of El Alamrin. 
As it was, this operation, bril- 
liantly executed by a combined 
Elas. Edes and British force, did 
not take- place until the end of 
November 1942, when it could 
not conceivably have affected 
the outcome. 

The programme ignored the 
role of terror in contributing to 
EAM/Elas's undoubted strength. 
We hear nothing, for instance, of 
the dissolution by Elas of the 
Ekka organization and the mur- 
der of its non-communist but 
impeccable republican leader, 
Colonel Psarros. This killing 
contributed powerfully to 
Churchill's determination to 
thwart EAM/Elas. 

Far from lifting a veil which 
has lain over the 1940s. the 
makers of The Hidden H'ar have 
simply added a further layer of 
obfuscation to a confused and 
complex period. Greece’s recent 
tragic history is rich enough in 
highly politicized and romanti- 
cized mythology without the 
need for more. 

Richard Clogg 

The author is Reader in 
Modern Greek History at 
King's College. London, 


Peter Kellner 

Freeing Serps 
from its bugs 




I cannot vouch for the authentic- 
ity of what follows. It purports to 
be a letter about pensions written 
to Norman Fowler by Edward 
Johnston, the government’s ac- 
tuary. What l do know is that if 
Johnston did not write it or 
something like it then he should 
have done. 

Dear Secretary of State, 

i enclose my memorandum, 
for publication, on the savings 
you are likely to make from 
reducing the rights of future 
pensioners under Serps — the 
stale earnings- related, pension 
scheme. . 

As you can see, the savings will 
begin to build up in about 30 
years* time and by 2033-34 will 
amount to £13.5 billion a year at 
today's prices. I am sure you will 
be able to use this figure to 
justify your warning on the 
White Paper’s first page about 
the need to reduce “the very 
substantial debt that we are 
handing down • to future 
generations". 

My purpose here is to supple- 
ment the information in my 
memorandum. In particular, it is 
my duty to warn you of two 
pitfalls in your policy. The first 
concerns the arithmetic in my 
projections, the second the 
underlying economics. 

First, the arithmetic. The 
memorandum assumes that earn- 
ings will grow at 1.5 per cent a 
year in real terms over the next 


from continuing to link the basic 
pension to prices rather than 
earnings. I calculate that by 2033 
this saving will amount to £28 
billion. That is a measure of the 
extent to which that year’s 
pensioners will have failed to 
benefit from the general grow* 
of the economy — almost au of 
which will have been achieved 
during their own years at work. 

The best way to scatter your 
critics would be to restore the 
earnings link. This would do 
most to help the poorest f uture 
pensioners; it would more than 
compensate for your Serps say- 
ings; and it would automatically 
tie pensions to what the country 
can afford. Unless you make this 
change, pensioners will be denied 
their proper share in Britain's 
future prosperity. The faster the 
economy grows, the more they 
will be left behind Is that what 
you want? 

So much for the 
arithmetic.now for the econom- 
ics. On the one hand you want to 
avoid creating obligations for our 
children; on the oilier, you want 
to ensure that future pensioners 
have a decent standard of living. 

These are incompatible objec- 
tives. At any given time the 
population consists of producers 
and dependants. All consumption 
by all dependants consists of 
consumption foregone by produc- 
ers. This fundamental truth 
remains however dependants are 

their 


year in rem verms oy^ me uvu - d _ by ^ sta te. by their 
48 years: that assumption under- SUL. or by the * 


year in 2033. This is a lot of 
money, but it should be put in 
perspective. 

Britain’s present gross domes- 
tic product is about £350 billion 
a year. It is reasonable to suppose 
that if earnings do grow by an av- 
erage of 1.5 per cent a year, then 
the economy as a whole will grow 
at the same rate. 

On this basis, Britain’s gdp in 
2033 will be £715 billion at 1985 
prices — more than double its 
present size The savings you are 
seeking will amount to barely 
one-thirtieth of Britain's extra 
real gdp. You might ponder 
whether it is really worth the 
trouble of destroying the 1975 
all-party agreement for such a 
sura. If pensions policy is now to 
change with every government, 
and voters start to resent the 
uncertainty, you are likely to 
attract much of the blame. 

Besides, that £23.-5 billion 
saving would be folly recouped if 
the economy were to grow by 
1.54 per cent rather than l.S per 
cent a year the cumulative effect 
would be to take gdp at today’s 
prices to £729 billion by 2033. 
Would it not be better to devote 
your energies to achieving (at 
least) that extra one twenty-fifth 
of 1 per cent annual growth and 
so extinguish the need to make 
any pensions savings? 

Before we leave the arithmetic, 
I should draw your attention to 
paragraph 12 of my memoran- 
dum. Simple subtraction shows 
there is something far worse in 
your White Paper than your 
plans to cripple Serps. 

Your greatest saving will come 


Each occupational pensioner 
feels he or she has saved for his 
or her pension; but in overall 
economic terms, this is an 
illusion. All we physically con- 
serve are pieces of paper which 
give us some kind of right to 
consume what our children's 
generation produces. 

Your white paper draws atten- 
tion to the way the number of 
pensioners will grow over the 
next 50 years. But the problem of 
providing for them (us) is 
independent of whether state or 
private pensions predominate. 
Either affairs will be arranged so 
that the producers of 2033 pay ' 
more than they do today to care 
adequately for their pensioner 
deixndants or they will nouin 
which case they will suffer. 

Indeed, you may be laying an 
unwitting trap for whoever is 
chancellor 50 years from now. 
Suppose millions of people have 
taken -out occupational pensions 
to provide for their retirement; 
and suppose the workers of 2033 
are unwilling to save enough 
voluntarily to allow a sufficient 
transfer -.of. resources from 
producers to dependants. The 
future chancellor will have to 
raise taxes — probably by about 
£13.5 billion a year ^ 

I advise you to ponder these 
matters before the opposition 
parties cotton on to them. 
Meanwhile let us hope for a 
prosperous 1986. And 1987. And 
1988... 

The author is political editor of 
the New Statesman. 


moreover... Miles Kington 

Dictation speed 
1 20 mph 


They say that talking to yourself 
is the first sign of madness. Not 
if you’re sitting in a first-class 
railway carriage, though. Then 
it’s a sign that you're dictating 
letters into a small machine. 

It puzzled me at first to see 
these apparently quite normal 
gents chatting away to the palm 
of their hand (they’re very small 
machines), but now the drone of 
their intimate business talk is as 
familiar in first-class as is the 
tuk-tukka-tuk-tukka-tukka-iuk 
escaping from the personal ste- 
reos in second-class. 

(1 ought to make my own 
approach to the railway class 
system absolutely dear at this 
point. I travel by both classes. 
First-class till the guard comes 
round, then second-class.) 

But the other day I was startled 
to hear a man in the (first-class) 
seal behind me not just talking to 
himself but laughing, exclaiming, 
being astonished and asking 
questions of himself. Although all 
alone, he was having an entire 
conversation with someone. 
Naturally, I couldn’t resist 
putting my hand round the 
corner, flashing my press card 
and asking him a few questions. 

“It's a radio-linked telephone," 
he said, “one of these cell jobs. 
Very, useful. The firm I work for 
is expecting a take-over so I have 
to keep in touch the whole time. 
I was talking to my secretary just 
now. and now I’m about to ring 
my managing director.” 

A quarter of an hour later he 
told me that the take-over had 
successfully been fought off, and 
asked me if there was anything 
else l wanted to know. 1 asked 
him, since we were oil the 
London-to-BristoI train, whether 
his office was in London or 
Bristol. He looked a rmig 
seaetive at this, but when I had 
taken him up to the buffet bar for 
a large gin and tonic (I had just 
seen the guard in the distance), 
expansive. 

Believe it or not, but my 
office is here in this very train ” 

• , I expostulated. 

"Absolutely. yYou may 
havenouced lots of businessmen 
and women working away at files 
and projects while going in l0 


work, or going home in the 
evenings? Well, more and more 
we’re finding that we do our best 
work at that time. No interrup- 
tions, no chums coming in for a 
chat, very few phone calls, just 
get on with it. So what's the 
logical conclusion?” 

“Go to work by slower trains?" 
“No, no, old boy. No fira-dass 
on slower trains. What some of 
us do now is stay on the train all 
day. As soon as we get to. our 
destination, we stay on the train 
and go lack again. I’ve some- 
times been between London and 
Bristol three times a day. and got 
masses of work done, more than 
I ever have before.” jg 

“Bit expensive, isn't it?" 
“Season ticket? Much cheaper 
than a room in an office block. 
Half of us don’t even have town 
offices any more — we just have a 
seat on a train. You don’t pay 
rates and the heal and light are 
all paid for by BR. Of course, you 
have to touch base now and then, 
but I have a time-sharing 

X ement with a chap at bead 
*. When 1 have to go in. be 
takes to the train!" 

“But surely,” I said, “if this 
catches on in a big way, (be 
trains will become full of people 
doing office work, and then you'll 
be back to stage one." * 

“Not at all. They're all front'*' 
different companies doing dif- 
ferent work, so we don’t get in 
each other's way. And when ** 
do talk to each other, we often 
ptek up interesting ideas from 
other industries thai we’d never 
get normally. 1 think working < n 
a train will lead to more 
interchange of information than 
you’d ever get in an office.” 

“How’s the take-over going 
Mr Chalmers?" said the barman. 

“ Fine, thanks, Bert. I think 
we're in clear waters now. The 
bar staff get to know us well,’’ ^ 
told me, “because they lend to 
travel up and down throughout 
the day as well We had OW 
Christmas office party . Here- 
didn’t we. Bert?" 

When 1 left the train at Bath. 

1 n T 30 was Phoning his wife w 
tell her the office was riiiudflS 
seven minutes late. 1 still .don't 
know if he was pulling wf)# 


r,.. 


I;' .. 

f; 

5- • 



%!. 
I - - 

"J 

L. 

* 

3yt. 


£>• 



jU. -jl. 


TME TIMES WEDNESDAY JANUARY 29 1986 


11 - 



LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Bo* 7, 200 Gray’s Inn Road, London WCIX SEZ. 


BENEFITS OF RATES 



Crown immunity and hygiene 


Local spending is a giant item 
in public expenditure. The 
Government's macro- 
economic strategy has de- 
manded it be controlled and 
shrunk. Treasury has pushed. 
Environment Department has 
pulled (the spending depart- 
ments not exactly lending a 
hand ) and the result has 
been, in white paper planning 
terms, a mouse. On the most 
generous assessment the Gov- 
ernment has succeeded only 
in reducing the rate of 
increase of aggregate council 
spending since 1980. 

Council spending has over- 
shot consistently overshot 
for three good reasons. Dur- 
ing the 19S0s, Labour coun- 
cils have taken office, and 
been returned to office, 
committed to expenditures 
far in excess of what the 
government has deemed 
affordable. Essentially this 
overspending has come from 
urban councils, and among 
them from councils in hock 
to the Labour Party's new 
left. But it is pure political 
partisanship to lay the entire 
blame for overspending at the 
doors of Mr Livingstone, or 
the councillors of Camden, or 
Militants. Overspending is no 
monopoly of the left. There is 
a built-in factor, the imperi- 
alism of the municipal empire 
some have called it, which 
has continued to push outlays 
up. Meanwhile there have 
been conflicting signals from 
the Government - from the 
Home Office on law and 
order, from the Department 
of Health on social services. 

But there is one good, 
unassailable reason why 
council spending should be 
above target : the people have 
willed it This possibility 
made yesterday's Green Paper 
necessary, and despite the feet 
that it is the umpteenth state 
paper on the future of courfcil 
finance in the past decade, 
particularly well- timed. The 
feet is that council spending 
decisions of the past few years 
cannot properly be called the 
results of public choice be- 
cause the system does not 
permit a convincing state- 
ment of choice. The public is 
ignorant of costs; it misreads 
the flow of benefits. There is 
too large a mismatch between 
those entitled to vote in local 
elections, those who benefit 
from services and those who 
pay for them. The grant 
system is mysterious, to 
councillor, finance officer, 
elector and ratepayer alike. 

We are searching, the latest 
Secretary of State for the 
Environment promised in the 
first flush of his enthusiasm 


for office last year, for a 
means of establishing that 
link anew. The Green Paper, 
he promised, would inaugu- 
rate a new era in the relations 
of councils and government 
Make them accountable, the 
prediction ran, and the voters 
would be allowed to make a 
free choice — free of the 
continuous legislative atten- 
tions they have been receiv- 
ing from government in 
recent years, free from the 
Treasury's claim that de- 
cisions by them to spend their 
own area's money could in 
any way be contrary to the 
national interest It was an 
attractive vision, suited for a 
radical secretary of state in a 
government committed both 
to rolling back the intrusive 
state and trusting that the 
people of Britain could, as in 
their economic life, be trusted 
to follow their own freely- 
expressed preferences. 

The vision is obliterated in 
the Green Paper. Here is a 
recipe for change, some of it 
useful - for example the 
proposal for simplifying the 
central support grant. For the 
rest, it surely pushes the 
relationship between central 
and local government in 
Britain further along its road 
towards overweening White- 
hall controL Indeed it creates 
a brand new central control 
over businesss rates; it snaps 
the connection between local 
authority and business tax- 
payer and potentially upsets 
the balance between individ- 
ual and corporate taxation. It 
proposes all manner of con- 
trols on capital spending and 
a new generation of caps on 
current spending. 

Somewhere along the road, 
radical vision has been trans- 
formed into the crudest of 
political commitments: being 
seen to do something about 
the rates. Mrs Thatcher’s 
original promise, made in 
1974 when she was shadow 
spokesman on local govern- 
ment matters, was never a 
simple declaration against 
property tax as such : it was 
as much a cry of pain, about 

the growing cost of municipal 
services and the inadequacy 
of mechanisms for public 
choices among them. It has 
become a shibboleth, a refusal 
to distingush between the cost 
of government and means of 
supporting it Rates must go, 
it is insisted. The centre piece 
of the Green Paper becomes 
their replacementthe poll tax. 
Verbiage about community 
charge simply confuses its 
nature. A true charge gives 
the payer an option. A true 
community charge would be 


one which a local electorate 
willingly imposed upon itself, 
a tax for services it had 
chosen. The government’s 
version is a poll tax for 
services which it will define 
and whose cost and level of 
provision it will closely super- 
vise. 

The practical problems, 
dismissed in a few lines in the 
main body of the Green 
Paper cannot be underesti- 
mated. Glibly creating a new 
criminal offence ( refusal by 
head of household to register 
); new policing of job and 
housing mobility: these con- 
stitute intrusions by an al- 
ready over-mighty Slate. 
Scotland, the government 
proposes, is to be the testbed 
for poll tax’s politics. Mr 
Rifkind will need his courage. 
Last year’s northern battles 
were about which business 
ratepayers bore the brunt; the 
introduction of poll tax will 
throw up as many problems 
over the allocation of the bills 
among householders. As the 
difficulties, of principle as 
well as practice with poll tax 
are counted out, the relative 
advantages of rates multiply. 

Why should domestic rate 
bills not be paid by more 
households? Why cannot the 
rebate arrangements be ad- 
justed to bring more payers 
into the net? Real property is, 
in virtually every other west- 
ern nation, the foundation for 
local taxation to pay for local 
services. Either adjust the 
balance of services that prop- 
erty should pay for (by for 
example the exclusion of i 
further and higher education 
from local financing ) or 
reform the rates, building on 
the strengths of property tax 
as a perceptible, difficult to 
avoid and, if necessary, pain- 
ful impost 

The essence of local gov- 
ernment financial reform is 
trust Either you trust the 
people to create the local 
government they wish - and 
that will mean diversity, 
different levels of service in 
different areas , and occa- 
sionally the election of Mr 
Livingstone or his ilk. Or, 
failing that radical step, you 
trust the existing councils, 
giving them a stable basis in 
taxation and leaving them 
subject always to rigorous 
scrutiny at the ballot box ( for 
example by more frequent 
elections ). The government 
trusts neither. The Green 
Paper’s plan will convince 
only those who trust the 
central government, right 
down to the nitty gritty of| 
parochial decision-making. 


From the Chief Executive of 
Institution of Environmental 
Health Officers 

Sir, Whether removal of Crown 
immunity would have prevented 
the Stanley Royd tragedy (report, 
January 22) is now something of 
an academic point as the concern 
must be to prevent a recurrence. 
That it can, and, I fear, win recur 
is fundamentally due .to the 
continuance of an archaic system 
of protection from prosecution 
which has resulted in inadequate 
funding of hospital catering 
services over many years. 

The recent survey of 1,000 
hospital kitchens carried out by 
my institution revealed an 
appalling catalogue of neglect, as 
your leader article of January 23 
made clear. The survey showed 
by far the most common problem 
to be unsatisfactory premises and 
equipment and only in a minor- 
ity of kitchens were food han- 
dling techniques - the reported 
cause of the Stanley Royd 
outbreak - found to be unsatisfac- 
tory. 

Substantial fends win be re- 
quited to ensure fell compliance 
with even present food hygiene 
regulations, once Crowta immu- 
nity is removed, but that reality 
cannot be allowed to deter the 
Government from taking what 
must now be unquestionably the 
right desicion by removing 
Crown immunity from the Na- 
tional Health Service. 

Whilst the fundamentals of 
good food hygiene practice are 
well understood, only the threat 
of statutory enforcement - and 
that includes closure through the 
courts of the worst kitchens - will 
bring about the necessary 
commitment of all those respon- 
sible for the provision of hospital 
catering services. 

Florence Nightingale said the 
primary objective of hospitals 
was to prevent patients becoming 
worse and the continued presence 
of Crown immunity prevents the 
achievement of that fundamental 
aim. 

Yours faithfully, 

A M. TANNER, 

Chief Executive, 

The Institution of Environmental 
Health Officers, 

Chadwick House, 

Rushworth Street, SEL 

From the Director of the Prison 
Reform Trust 

Sir, The issue of Crown immu- 
nity raised by the Stanley Royd 
hospital inquiry and your sub- 
sequent leader (January 23) has 
important implications for the 
prison service. The incidence of 
communicable disease (particu- 
larly hepatitis) amongst prisoners 
appears to be increasing. More- 
over. evidence gathered by the 
independent Prisons Inspectorate 
suggests that prison kitchens 
frequently breach the principles 
of good hygiene. 

For example, the storing to- 
gether of cooked and uncooked 
meats (which features in the 
Stanley Royd report) has been 
revealed at several prisons 
including Wormwood Scrubs. 
Brixton and Manchester. The 


inspectorate has also made severe 
criticisms of the standards of 
cleanliness and food handling in 
prison kitchens. 

No doubt appropriate remedial 
action has followed each of the 
inspectorate's reports. However, 
the time-scale of these reports is 
such that a prison is only likely 
to be properly inspected once 
every eight or 10 years. Lifting 
Crown immunity from the pris- 
ons would at least ensure the 
ready access of environmental 
health officers who are currently 
not permitted to enter prison 
establishments. 

There is no question that 
prison conditions play a substan- 
tial pan in the incidence of ill- 
health amongst prisoners. The 
removal of Crown immunity 
would be one pan of a wider 
strategy to ensure that standards 
of hygiene in our gaols match 
those in the outside world. If 
Crown immunity is an unaccept- 
able feature of the management 
of NHS hospitals it is certainly 
no more defensible given the 
publicly acknowledged decrepi- 
tude of our prisons. 

Yours faithfully, 

STEPHEN SHAW, Director. 
Prison Reform Trust, 

Nuffield Lodge. 

Regents Park, NW1. 

From Mr Jack Ashley. MP for 
Stoke-on-Trent South (Labour) 
Sir, You claim in your editorial 
(January 23) that the Labour 
Opposition, in a “—masterly 
display of political lather, is 
demanding an end to Crown 
immunity as the seemingly pat 
answer to the appalling state of 
far too many NHS kitchens." 
This is not so. 

No Labour MP has claimed 
that the abolition of Crown 
immunity is a pat answer to this 
menace to patients' health and 
lives. It is. however, an in- 
dispensable necessity to begin to 
make hospital kitchens safe 
places. 

You say that hospital kitchens 
have always been low down on 
the list of priorities for capital 
spending and that management 
must take a major responsibility. 
This is indisputable, but if 


Shopping on 
Sundays 

From Mr Francis Buttle 
Sir. The debate about Sunday 
shopping is following very simi- 
lar lines to (hose in New Zealand 
when, in 1980. Saturday trading 
was legalised. 

it was suggested by its oppo- 
nents that it would push up 
prices, threaten the traditional 
weekend of sport and family 
activities, change the nation's 
social life, make it necessary to 
pay stafF double time, spread five 
days' trading over six. force 
hanks and post offices to open to 
cope with the needs of retailer 
and shopper, deplete the nation's 
energy stocks, depersonalise 
shopping and increase the in- 
cidence of shop robbery. In facL 
none of this occurred and the 
consumer, very much in favour 
of the innovation, had his way. 

At the time, as an academic 
based in New Zealand. I con- 
ducted research to find out why 
people make shopping trips. 
There was much more to it than 
the mere acquisition of goods. 
The findings showed that shop- 
ping is a means of killing lime, 
relaxing, exercising, stimulating 
the senses, expressing a mood, 
acquiring information, socialising 
and breaking out of a routine. 

What is interesting about this 
list of shopping motives, is that 
they also appear, prima facie, to 
explain why some people attend 
church - the motives, benefits 
and satisfactions are identical. It 
is therefore highly probable that 
Sunday trading will diminish 
church attendance. 

It is debateable whether such 
an effect is to be deplored or 
welcomed. Would it not 
encourage the Church to take its 
ministry to the people, rather 
than the people to its ministry? 
Yours faithfully. 

FRANCIS BUTTLE. 

Department of Management 
Studies for Tourism 
and Hotel Industries. 

University of Surrey, 

Guildford, 

Surrey. 

January 21. 


JANUARY 29 1875 

“On this Day” January 21 
reproduced e 1975 article on the 
Channel tunnel We return to the 
subject but this time IOO years 
earner, following the signing by 
Britain and France of a ' 
convention in favour o f the 
project 


IS uiuiatniiauic, uui u m - . g, , 

management was denied immu- 1 Tim IOT 1T2111Q 
nity from prosecution, and faced 
the same criminal proceedings as 
hotels, the priorities and stan- 
dards would change very quickly. 

Despite the environmental 
health officer’s claim that the 
condition of the Stanley Royd 
hospital would not have war- 
ranted prosecution, it is in- 
conceivable that management 
would have taken risks with 
kitchen hygiene, which led to 19 
deaths, if the kitchen could have 
been legally closed. A hospital 
cannot function without a 
kitchen and the first responsibil- 
ity of a health authority is to 

keep a hospital functioning. Fear ^ ^ unanimous and reasoned 
of prosecution would have been ^on. On the contrary. I 
the spur, and possibly the W ould regard it as invidious to be 


From Professor Glanville 
Williams 

Sir. Mr Bridges-Adams (January 
23) suggests that the removal of 
trial by jury in fraud cases would 
create “a most invidious 
distinction" between different 
defendants. Perhaps this depends 
on where one sees the invidious- 
ness. 

If I were charged with an 
offence of which I was innocent, 
I would not consider it invidious 
to be tried by a judge and three 
or four magistrates, the latter 
carefully chosen for intelligence 
and backbone, and convicting 


saviour, at Stanley Royd and 
many other hospitals. 

Yours faithfully, 

JACK ASHLEY. 

House of Commons. 


POLITICS AND THE POUND 


The sterling tempest of the 
past three weeks illustrates 
one important lesson for 
markets and government 
alike. We are in the season, 
however far from the even- 
tual genera] election, when 
politics can have a swift and 
powerful feedback into our 
economic fortunes. 

The precipitating causes 
of sterling’s weakness were 
not the Whitehall quarrels 
of the Westland affair but 
the sudden plunge in the oil 
price, coupled with unease 
and confusion about Mr 
Nigel Lawson's monetary 
policy. Yet the confidence 
with which sterling re- 
bounded yesterday, follow- 
ing Mrs Thatcher's 
statement (or. perhaps more 
significantly. Mr Neil 
Kinnock's signal failure to 
exploit the occasion to the 
Opposition's advantage) 
demonstrated the influence 
of politics on the exchange 
rate. 

In these circumstances, 
the Bank of England may 
well feel it has cause for self- 
congratulation. As the West- 
land affair ran up to its 
moment of parliamentary 
crisis, the Bank managed to 
hold interest rates steady, 
despite market pressure for 
the second rise in a single 
month. Even before Mrs 
Thatcher subjected herself 
to the parliamentary rou- 
lette of debate on Monday, 
the markets had come to 
accept the Bank's position, 
and money market rates had 
eased. 

Clearly, the Bank of 
England' wanted to stave ofF 
a further rise in interest 
rates in advance of a 
difficult meeting of the oil 
producers* cartel. There was 
a clear danger of stepping on 
to an interest-rate escalator, 
up which the monetary 
authorities would be obliged 


to move after every hiccup 
in the foreign exchange 
markets. The Bank success- 
fully resisted these pres- 
sures. Yet this episode has 
had its costs. 

• Most evidently, the no- 
tion that the market should 
rule, so dear to Government 
spokesmen, has been shown 
to bear little relation to real 
political life. The Bank of 
England firmly refused, for 
several days, to endorse the 
market's view of interest 
rates. Thus the questions 
crowd even more thickly 
around Mr Nigel Lawson's 
intentions as regards mone- 
tary policy. 

After last January's ster- 
ling crisis, it had seemed 
plain that the confusion 
surrounding domestic 
monetary targets was to be 
kept in check by a firm 
exchange-rate policy. When 
Mr Lawson endorsed a rise 
in interest rates early in 
January, this principle still 
appeared dominant. Then, 
the Chancellor seemed to 
have changed his mind. Last 
week alone, the exchange 
rate was permitted to slide 
some five per cent. 

With hindsight, this can 
now be presented as a 
tactical decision which does 
not affect the strategic, long- 
term aim of maintaining the 
exchange rate in order to 
keep inflation on a down- 
ward path. Alternatively, it 
can be seen as part of a 
strategy designed to allow 
the pound to adjust to a 
lower oil price in a way 
which does not conflict with 
the Government's counter- 
inflationary intentions. 

These soothing bromides 
however, take no account 
of the need for a clear 
exchange-rate policy in 
circumstances where domes- 
tic monetary policy is sin- 
gularly unclear. The past 


three weeks have dem- 
onstrated the costs of un- 
certainty. Between now and 
the Budget, the Government 
must decide how to inject 
some clarity into this key 
aspect of its economic 
policy. It must, in particu- 
lar. decide how this clarity 
can best be maintained as a 
general election increases 
the probability and fre- 
quency of political storms. 

No longer does the Chan- 
cellor have a simple set of 
domestic monetary targets 
to proclaim. Life, govern- 
ment and economic policy 
have passed on beyond such 
straightforward disciplines, 
and the markets know that 
the monetary authorities are 
converted to a judgmental 
approach to the money 
numbers. Thus confidence 
and clarity must depend on 
the Government's approach 
to the exchange rate. 

The markets , however, 
are also well aware that the 
British Government alone 
cannot take on the forces of 
foreign exchange specula- 
tion- Our reserves are too 
small. Our economic weight 
in the world, indeed, is too 
slight. Only within a wider 
framework of currency sup- 
port can Britain hope for a 
modicum of stability. 

Europe, of course, offers 
just such a framework 
within its own monetary 
system - a system which 
includes all members of the 
European Community ex- 
cept Britain and the second- 
rank newcomers. Mrs 
Thatcher can only take the 
strategic decision to enter 
before the start of serious 
election politics puts a 
freeze on policy-making. If 
nothing else, the difficulties 
of the past three weeks 
should have reminded Mrs 
Thatcher how little real time 
remains. 


Lawyers’ training 

From Lord Gifford, QC 
Sir, There are many barristers 
who will support the Law 
Society's proposals for ending 
restrictive practices in the legal 
profession, and for ensuring that 
all lawyers go through a common 
training; and who are tired of 
hearing successive Chairmen of 
the Bar dressing up their defence 
of a profitable monopoly by 
spurious references to the public 
interest. 

Five arguments should con- 
vince disinterested people that if 
barristers were to lose their 
exclusive rights of audience, the 
services of specialist lawyers 
would be more, rather than less, 
available to the public 

1. U is nonsense for Mr Robert 
Alexander to suggest that the 
Law Society's proposals “would 
be the end of the Bar as we know 
it". The system proposed by the 
Law Societv has been operated in 
Australia for years. There, all 
qualified lawyers can appear in 
all courts; but there is in each 
State a body of barristers who are 
available for specialist work, on 
referral from other lawyers. The 
client has a flexible choice. 

2. In many areas of work in 
Britain solicitors have become 
well respected specialists; 
whereas many barristers are all- 
purpose general advocates with 
little experience in much of the 
work which they do. It is absurd 


that the former can only appear 
in a limited range of courts. 

3. In certain kinds of case - pleas 
of guilty in the crown court are 
the most common example - 
clients would be better served by 
having as their advocates solic- 
itors who are familiar with their 
history and background. At least 
these clients should be able to 
choose between a trusted solicitor 
and an unknown barrister briefed 
on the night before the case. 

4. A common education and 
training programme is obviously 
sensible. Banisters should have a 
genera] training before claiming 
to be specialists. At present 
graduates fresh out of university 
have to choose whether to be a 
barrister or a solicitor, without 
having any experience on which 
to make an informed choice. 

3. Finally, it would be possible 
for ail legal trainees to receive 
adequate pay. At present my own 
chambers alone offer pupil- 
barristers a decent income (start- 
ing at £6,500 a year). Ail other 
pupils receive, at best, an 
“award” of £ 1 .000- 1 ,500 to cover 
their first year. Over two thirds 
of chambers offer nothing at ail.- 
As a result the Bar remains 
predominantly a profession of 
financially privileged recruits - 
another detriment to the public 
interest. 

Yours faithfully, 

GIFFORD, 

35 Wellington Street, WC2. 
January 22. 


Academic retreat 

From Dr Paul Magdalino 
Sir. In a rare editorial (January 
22) devoted to the subject of 
higher education, you bad the 
chance to develop what you 
recognise to be “the not un- 
reasonable point that British 
university education is expensive 
but that the quality of its 
graduates, its scholarship and 
research more than counter- 
balances”. Instead, you chose to 
castigate the Association of 
University Teachers for its 
complicity in an attempted “act 
of academic vandalism". In so 
doing, you added a kick in the 
teeth to the slaps in ihe face 
which the Government routinely 
administers to my colleagues and 
myself, regardless of our pro- 
fessional ethics. 

I do not sympathise with the 
disinviiation of academics to 
international conferences. 
The Tones regrets that h is 

unable to reply to correspondents 
whose letters have not been 
selected for publication. 


whether they come from South 
Africa or from any other pariah 
of left or right. I also have 
misgivings about “industrial 
action" in a profession which is 
not. strictly speaking, an in- 
dustry. Nevertheless, I am with 
the AUT as long as it continues 
to fight to prevent the academic 
tradition in which I grew up from 
being thrown to the wolves of the 
free market, and as long as it 
campaigns to bring my living 
standards in line with those of 
the people on whose goods and 
services I depend. 

I joined what you call the 
“rather ineffective day of action", 
fully realizing that it might be 
ineffective because it was not 
meant to be disruptive. Are your 
readers - and your printers - now 
to infer that disruption is the 
only kind of action which speaks 
louder than words? 

YoUTC faithfully 
PAUL MAGDAUNO, 
Department of Mediaeval 
History, 

University of St Andrews, 

St Andrews. 

Fife. 


forced to rely on the verdict of a 
randomly-selected group of peo- 
ple. 

Exceptionally, however, I 
might prefer trial by jury if I were 
charged with one of certain 
controversial crimes such as 
obscenity, industrial violence, 
sedition and mercy-killing, where 
the jury may acquit not only 
because they think the case not 
proven but also because they 
disagree with the law. 

If, on the other hand, I was 
guilty-, I would choose trial by 
jury every time. Certainly I 
would do so in a complicated 
fraud case. 

Your correspondent refers to 
the jury as being particularly 
qualified to decide the question 
of dishonesty, which arises in 
charges of property offences. 
Whether a general defence of 
honesty should be allowed (as it 
is in the present law) is a 
question on its own. 1 was a 
member of the committee (the 
Criminal Law Revision Commit- 
tee) that recommended the in- 
troduction of this defence, but we 
did not foresee that the jury 
would be left to make an 
unfettered decision upon it 

We expected the judge to give 
firm guidance according to the 
facts of the case. Since he does 
not do so. there is some danger 
thai jury verdicts may lower the 
standards of honesty upon which 
we have traditionally insisted. 

For this reason, I now think 
that allowing the general defence 
was a mistake, though there 
should be specific defences of 
honesty, carefully defined. These 
specific defences could as well be 
applied by the proposed 
“RoskilT tribunal as by a jury. 
Yours faithfully 
GLANVILLE WILLIAMS. 

Jesus College. Cambridge 

Staying power 

From Mr O.B. Silver 
Sir. Lest they be forgotten, may I 
add a tribute to that unknown 
army of knitters of comforts for 
the troops, particularly the maker 
of a balaclava with which I was 
issued for deck duty across the 
Atlantic in December. 1944. 

It has ear flaps which may be 
raised to receive acceptable 
commands, and these were later 
inverted to admit the spout and 
handle of a student's teapot. It 
served as a helmet for one of the 
knightly thugs in jtlnrder In the 
Cathedral, when hooks secured it 
to the chicken-wire surcoat. 
Currently, the ski slopes of Angus 
invite a return to its original 
function, in the manner of your 
correspondent’s “undershirt’’ 
(January 24). 

Yours faithfully, 

O. B. SILVER, 

6 Shorehead, 

St Andrews, 

Fife. 


You already know the effect of the 
BUI laid before the Assembly by the 
Minister of Public Works empowering 
the constructim of a Tunnel under the 
Channel — 

M. Thome de Osmond is then 
mentioned a* the first who suggested 
the tunnel, and the examination of the 
scheme by Sir John Hawkahaw. one or 
the most eminent English engineers, is 
referred to. The Report proceeds to 
say:- 

“The tunnel would be composed of 
three distinct parts - a central pan 26 
kilometres long two slopes of 

access of 11 kilometres, each having an 
inch"** of 12J> nn *i 13-15 millimetres 
per metre. The central portion wili be 
slightly curved, and will be divided into 
two equal parts, each at an iodine of 
37S millimetres per metre, so as to 
direct their watera towards the 
starting-point of the access slope, 
whence cm each side a section of 
reduced size would be carried abtMt 4.6 
kilometres long, and joined to each of 
the sections of the central part of the 
tunneL These galleries would conduct 
the waters of the central part and 
those of the access slopes to the 
bottom of pits dug on the two roasts 
and tarnished with pumps’*^. 

Adverting to the researches made by 
English engineers, the Report says- 
“Theae researches have shown that 
the depth of the Straits is under 60 
metres. Slight as the incline is, it 
precludes, at least under present 
circumstances, the erection of piles for 
the construction of a bridge, but h 
admits the posibility of a tunnel 
descending by gradual slopes to the 
bottom of the sea, and roascending the 
opposite shore. But for this idea to 
pass beyond the domain of theory it 
was necessary to prove that the nature 
of the rocks forming the bed of the 
Straits did not impede the realization 
of such an enterprise; that is to say. 
that a passage could be opened through 
strata sufficiently .ridding to be easily 
cut through, ndfiritmtiy firm to avoid 
the danger of slips, sufficiently 
compact to be protected from the 
irruption of the sea waters. The 
geological examination which has been 
made affords a presumption that this 
is the case." 

After observing that the white 
chalk with flints is fissured and 
might admit the water, and that 
the underlying gray chalk would 
have to be cut through at a depth 
of about 40 metres, the Report 
remarks that the gradual slope of 
the bottom of the Straits seems to 
exclude the idea of an interrup- 
tion of the gray chalk fey more an- 
cient rocks or by any large fissure, 
there being reason to believe that 
the geologically recent opening of 
the Straus is due to simple 
erosion, resulting, perhaps, from a 
change in the condition of the 
neighbouring seas. The Minister 
of War consents to the work on 
condition of the definitive project 
being 1 examined bv the Military 
Engineers, who wul consider the 
measures to be taken to suspend 
the use of the Tunnel in case of 
need: while the Minister of 
Marine also agrees to it, reserving 
all the political, military, ana 
economical questions involved. 
The British Government, bv a 
despatch dated the 26th uh. has 
given its adhesion to the arrange- 
ments proposed by France, sub- 
ject to some conditions with 
which the French Goverameni 
will not fail to comply. The 
Report then exnloins the pro- 
visions of the BilL As to the 
maximum of 20 years allowed for 
the completion ot the work, it 
says there is every reason to 
expect a much shorter term. 

As for the right of suspending 
the traffic on_ war being im- 
minent, it is implied m inter- 
national law; but England thought 
this right should be inserted in 
the scheme, stipulating also that 
its exercise should give no right of 
indemnity. 


flfc 



Serving one’s term 

From Miss C.F.E. Davis 
Sir, I refer to the late General Sir 
Gordon MacMillan of Mac- 
Millan (obituary. January 23). 

In 1911 the debating society o! 
this school discussed the motion. 
“That this House considers that 
life is too short.” The arguments 
were summarised in the school 
magazine as follows: 

Hon Proposer: Life is rather a 
strange subject to discuss ; it is 
not long enough for us to make 
use of our opportunities, e.g. 
many great men have made 
discoveries and died before their 
publication. Men often die before 
their children grow up and leave 
them unprovided for. 

Hon Opposer The present dura- 
tion of life is just right. Quoted 
from the Psalms "force score 
years and ten,” but showed by 
scientific statistics that it was 
only 65. What is the use of old 
men when foey cannot carry on 
business and are nothing but 
gouty busy bodies? We are all sent 
here with some definite purpose 
to fulfil before death. Those who 
praise old age seldom attain iL 
The Hon Proposer. R.A. 
Wright was killed in action in 
1918. 

The Hon Opposer was Gordon 
MacMillan, who died this week, 
aged 89. 

Yours faiihfallv, 

CATHERINE DAVIES. 

Secretary to the Headmaster. 

St Edmund's School. 

Canterbury, 

Kent 

January 24. 

Relatively speaking 

From Mr C.tt’.H. Bioor 
Sir. I know a little boy of 3'.: 
years old who lives with his 
parents and can boast that all 
four of his grandparents' are alive 
and foal seven of his eight 
great grand parents are still abve. 
Incidentally all 14 dramatis 

personae live in Biighilingsea. 
Can you beat that? 

Yours faithfully 
C. W. H. BLOOR, 

34 Hurst Green. / 

Brighilingsea. 

Essex, 

January 24. 
i 

M 

J 




r 12 


THE TIMES WEDNESDAY JANUARY 29 1986 


/ 



COURT 

AND 

SOCIAL 


COURT 

CIRCULAR 


fcrcncc at Lancaster House. 
SWl. 

Mr David Roycroft was in 
attendance. 

.. KENSINGTON PALACE 

' r*.™Pi R N iF HAM: Mrs John January 28: The Princess Mar- 
ijugoaie has succeeded the garcu Countess of Snowdon, as 
Mon Mary Mornson as Ladv in President of The Friends of the 
Rwr-'Jf Quccn - Elderly and Gentlefolk's Help, 

. Bl CKINGHAM PALACE _ today visited Bernard Sun ley 
January _8: The Princess Anne. Home and Smiles Home. 
Mrs Mark Phillips. Patron of Woking, 
tnc Home Farm Trust, this The Countess Alexander of 
afternoon visited Chcrington Tunis was in attendance. 
House. Cherington. Warwick- KENSINGTON PALACE 

January 28: Princess Alice. 
Duchess of Gloucester. Air 
Chief Commandant Women’s 
Royal Air Force, today re- 
ceived Air Commodore H.F. 
Renton on relinquishing the 
appointment as Director. 
Women's Royal Air Force, and 
Air Commodore S.A. Jones on 
assuming the appointment 
YORK HOUSE 
ST JAMES'S PALACE 
January 28: The Duke of Kent 
Vice-chairman of the British 
Overseas Trade Board, today 
visited the Export Intelligence 
Service Headquarters at Lime 
Grove. Eastcote. Middlesex. 

Captain Michael Campbell- 
La merlon was in attendance. 
THATCHED HOUSE LODGE 
January 28: Princess Alexandra 
and the Hon Angus Ogilvy 
were present this evening at a 
Reception held at the Royal 
Air Force Club. Piccadilly, to 
launch The Royal Tournament 
1986- 

Lady Mary Fitzalan Howard 
was in attendance. 


shire, and opened the new 
! * n the grounds of 

. Cherington House. 

Her Royal Highness was 
recciicd by Her Majesty’s 
, Lord-Lieutenant for Warwick- 
; shire (Mr Charles Smnh- 
1 Rylandl and the Chairman of 
the Trust (Mr F. Evans). 

The Princess Anne. Mrs 
; Mark Phillips .this evening 
. attended the Rc-Dedication 
i Service of HMS Forward RNR 
Unit in Birmingham. 

Her Royal Highness was 
•! received by Her Majesty’s 
Lord- Lieutenant for the West 
t Midlands (the Earl of 
Avlesfordl and the Command- 
ing Officer. HMS Forward 
(Superintendent M. Guy. 

. WRNSj. 

Mrs Malcolm Wallace was in 
■ attendance. 

KENSINGTON PALACE 

• January 28'. The Prince of 

• Wales this evening attended a 
' Reception given by the Depart- 
I ment of Trade and Industry 

following the Design Con- 


Welsh win 
bridge contest 

The Welsh internationals Mrs 
Jessie Newton and her daugh- 
ter. Jean, had an easy win in 
. the women's bridge pairs 
' championships organized by 
! the English Bridge Union at the 
: Grand Hotel in Birmingham 
over the weekend. 

The English internationals, 
Jan Spence and Diana Wit- 
iliams. were second. The entry 
•of 134 pairs was higher than 
- last year. 

Results: . I Mrs J Newton. 

: Miss J Newson (Wales) 6,037; 
! 2 Ms S J Spence. Mrs D 
Williams (Worcestershire) 
*5.907: 3 Mrs L Hayes. Mrs C 

• Duckworth (Oxfond-London) 
! 5.849; 4 Ms S Tick. Ms G Salt 
•(London) 5.833; 5 Mrs E 
Cord well. Mrs C Thomson 
(Scotland) 5.788; 6 Mrs H 

.Townsend. Mrs M Jones 
J (Warwickshire) 5.751. 

England had a comfortable 

• win in the Junior Home 
Counties international bridge 
scries at the Derby Bridge 
Club. Results: 1 England 170,2 
Wales 153: 3 Scotland ill; 4 
Northern Ireland 104. English 
team: D A Leight and C A di 

• Lullo: G Liggins and .'A 
Robson: J F Pottage add T 

•Crouch. 


Memorial meeting 

Mr P. Clark, MP 

A memorial meeting for Mr 
Percy Carle, MP, n*s held 
'.yesterday in the Palace of 
Westminster. The speakers 
1 were Mr Neil Kinnock, 
Leader of the Labour Party, 
Mr James Cailaghan.MP, 
•Lord Underhill. Mr Chris 
Moncrieff. Chairman of the 
Parliamentary Lobby 
Journalists, and Mr David 
Holmes. A message was sent 
by Lord Wilson of RievauLx. 


Appointments 

!Sir James Cleminson to be 
.'Chairman of the British Over- 
'seas Trade Board in July, in 
^succession to Earl Jelltcoc. 

? Canon Gordon Bridjjer. Rector 
of Holy Trinity, 
i Hcigham. Norwich, to be Prin- 
' cipal of Oak Hill College. 
* London. 


Luncheon 

Royal Over-Seas League 

The Canadian High Commis- 
sioner and Mrs McMurtry were 
entertained at luncheon on 
Monday at Over-Seas House. 
St James's, by the chairman. 
Sir David Scott, and members 
of the Central Council of the 
Royal Over-Seas League. 

Dinners 

Gardeners' Company 

Hie Lord Mayor and Lady 
Mayoress, accompanied by the 
Sheriffs and their ladies, were 
present at a dinner given by the 
Gardeners' Company at the 
Mansion House on Monday. 
The Master presided and the 
other speakers were the Upper 
Warden, Mr A.B.HurreU, the 
Lord Mayor and Lady Catha- 
rine Chamberlain. 

Company of Tobacco Pipe 
Makers and Tobacco Blenders 


Mr LA. Chapuis. Senior War- 
den of the Company of 
Tobacco Pipe Makers and 
Tobacco Blenders, presided at 
a dinner held last night at 
Drapers' Hall. Judge T.H. 
PigoL . QC, Common Serjeant, 
was the principal guest and 
speaker. Mr A.M. Reid .also 
spoke. 

County Surveyors’ Society 

The centenary dinner of the 
County Surveyors* Society was 
held last night aL the Royal 
Automobile Club. The presi- 
dent. Mr Frederick Johnson, 
County Surveyor of Somerset, 
welcomed Mr Peter Bottom ley. 
Parliamentary Under-Secretary 
of State. Department of Trans- 
port. and Mr John Banham. 
Controller of The Audit 
Committee, as the principal 
guests. 


Si George Dining Club 
Mr Jeffrey Archer was the guest 
of honour at a reception held 
last night at Terenure Country 
Club. Totleridge. for members 
of the St George Dining Club 
and their guests to mark the 
tenth anniversary of the club. 
Mrs Robert Brum, a Vice- 
President of the Chipping 
.Barnet Conservative Associ- 
ation. chairman of the club, 
was the host and Mr Sydney 
Chapman. MP. was also 
present. 


EEC gives university 
£lm for welfare project 


The University of Bath has 
been awarded a £1 million 
grant by the EEC to evaluate 
M piloi welfare projects in a 
£25 million programme fi- 
nanced hi the community 
and ns member governments. 

The gram — one of the 
largest single awards ever 
made to a British university 
— is intended lo allow 
governments to learn from 
each other’s experience in 
running a wide range of 
projects from help for both 
the young unemployed and 
long-term jobless to work 


receives 14. more than any of 
the other ten eommunitv 
members participating in the 
programme at a total cost to 
the EEC of £1.8 million, a 
sum that is cquaUcd by West 
Germany but exceeds that - 
received by any of the other 
participants. That figure is 
matched by equal investment 
in the projects by the British 
government. 

The 14 UK projects which 
run until 1989 but will then 
have to find other sources of 
funding are in England. 
Wales and Northern Ireland. 
Scottish ministers however 


. _ ^ _ _ .. ^ .AWiuau iiuiiiotvia i tu»»v » L I 

with one-pan n i lam dies .the j cc ji ne j , 0 ta ^ c pan. appar- 
elderly and ethnic mmonues en „ y considering the efTon 
so that future such projects inv< ; lved in xl f ing up ^ 

*"!r ., b °i run i „ bo,h , projects through the EEC 

ctlei lively and provide belter g realer t |, an ihe rewards in 

ulue lor money. terms of the sums the 

Of the 61 projects, the UK. community is putting in. 


Archaeology 

How a Greek temple was built 


While the sophistication of 
Classical Greek archiiecture 
has been remarked on by 
every succeeding culture, 
from the Romans to the 


By Norman Hammond, Archaeology Correspondent 


ping lines and geogetric_ 
constructions" had been' 
drawn, covering a total area 


and then modified for aes- 
thetic purposes can be de- 
duced from the varying 


inches). The spacings for the 
24 flutes of ihc columns were 
outlined in three blocks, and 


OBITUARY 

MR L. RON HUBBARD 
Founder of Church of 
Scientology 


Mr L. Ron Hubbard, the 


present day. the exact way in of some 200 square metres, parallel and curved lines, and 
which the Greek architects 
obtained their precision of 
design and execution has long 
been a problem. 

Detailed written accounts 
are know to have existed, but 
neither they nor any manu- 
script plans have survived. A 
German scholar. Dr Lothar 
Hasclberger, has now found 


Some of the lines were up to 
20 metres (65 feet) long, and 
same of the circles had radii 
of up to 4.5 metres. “Parallel 
lines, polygons and subtend- 
ing angles have been con- 
structed. and distances have 
been accurately subdivided", 
he savs in Scientific Ameri- 


it can be seen that the 
moulding above the torus 
was shifted inwards about an 
inch (2.4cm) from the initial 
line. 

“Apparently the master 
builder was guided, but not 
bound, by the strict obliga- 
tions imposed by the geo- 
metric design". Dr 


the radius, diameter, and top science fiction writer and 
and bottom dimensions of founder of the often 
the column were depicted, controversial Church of 
side by side, the two latter Scientology died on January 
measurements being one 25 at his ranch in California 
above the other on a one- at the age of 74, it has been 
sixteenth scale reduction of reported by the Church, 
the. column heigh L Similar Hubbanl bad not been seen 


llW w can. “The lines are as thin as _ 

evidence for the planning of a pencil mark 313(1 are incised Hasejberger says. He tran- 
one Greek temple, in detailed 3 !iule more lh an half a scended these self-imposed 
drawings on the walls of the millimetre into the marble rules whenever his aesthetics 
building itself surfaces. demanded it. On the other 

“The lines and curves had hand, he never fully rejected 
been meticulously traced by the under ly in ^proportions of 


scaling was also used to 
calculate the curvature of the 
entasis, the actual radius of 
which is some 900 metres. 
Dr Hasclberger also found 


His discovery was made at 
the Temple of Apollo ad 
Didyma. near Soke in south- 
western Turkey and not far 
south of the ancient Greek 
city of Miletus. The temple 
was begun soon after 334 BC 
and was the work of the local 
architect Daphnis and the 
Ephesian Paionios, architect 
of . the Temple of Diana at 
Ephesus. The temple at 



means of a fine metal gouge Greek design.” 
guided by a long straight edge Dr Hasefberger says that it 
or dividers. The lines have « clear that these working 
been eroded in places by drawings, some of them at 
rainwater, but have been full size (1:1) were used to 
affected surprisingly little by elaborate the component 
exposure", he said. parts of the temple and the 

Traces of red chalk show naiskos or innermost shrine, 
how the fine engravings had Because the walls bearing the 
originally been highlighted: drawings were necessarily 
iSi/tuM.. a~a ... the wall was covered with erected before the parts of the 

Pigment, and the lines were temple outlined on them in 

SSlSLur cut through it to stand out in the design stage, a sequence 

and splendour but construe- wl]ite * of dates for the construction 

^ The first of the drawings to of the building can be 
Mkidf * S2S Jn i 8, he recognized was a scaled elucidated. Both the columns, 
Mrthnnake toliLi^Lt cross-section of a column and the walls of the podium 

hase- including several dif- on which the drawings ap- 

i? * ferent cu^es 10 fit the basal pear, date to about 250 BC, 

has tekai n, e design closeJy by which time the original 

matches the existing column architects. Daphnis and 
Jh.wiS 1 !™ eariier bases of the temple, an Ionic Paionios. were long dead, 

century. - order with ejghl horizontal The columns themselves. 

Dr Haselberger found that (lutings on the torus. The nearly 18 metres long, were 
on the smooth walls of the design process by which the drawn foil size, with a central 

inner counyard of the temple curves were first constructed entasis or swelling of a mere 

“a delicate web of overlap- on a rigid geometric basis 4.65 centimetres (less than 2 


in public since 1980; indeed 
his eldest son actually filed a 
lawsuit in 1982. claiming that 
his father was either dead or 

PH- the temple SSMfflfflWi: 

foundations, drawn on the 
top surface of each layer to 51111 . , , 

guide the construction of the Scientology, whose Church 
succeeding one. A precise was founded by Hubbard in 

rectangular grid was used, on 1954 came to have several 

the top step, the stylobate, to millions of adherents . 

determine the placing of the throughout the world But its Fiction which publicised tne 

walls and columns of the philosophy involving a form new science of Dianetics in 

of self-help therapy aimed at 
enabling its members to 
achieve a mental 'dear state' 
is regarded with scepticism 
by conventional psychology 
and has been described as 
'dangerous' by the British 
GovermenL 


temple iiself. 

The Didyma “blueprints" 
are the most detailed known, 
but other temples also have 
evidence of their design 
process. A block in the 
Temple of Athena at Prfene, 
also in Aegean Turkey, bears 
a scale sketch of the pedi- 


extravagant terms and as- 
sured Hubbard's launching 
article a large and eager 
audience. 

Dianetics was a lay psycho- 
therapy which anyone who 
read Hubbard's first book on 
the subject. Dianetics: The 
Modem Science of Mental 


Source: Scientific American, 
December 1984, 114-122. 



*tgg&:zsx: 


-77 


The new President of Honduras, Senor Jose Azcona, accompanied bgjiis 
wife, celebrating his inauguration at a ceremony in Tegucigalpa. 


Church news 


Appointments 


diocese of Salisbury, lo be Rector. Si 


TTw Rev A Atherton. Vicar. AH 
Saints. OckbrooK. dmctn of Derby, to 
- priest in charge. St France. NcwaU 
l diocese of Manchesier 
Rev R. Brarth wane. Vicar. St 


Martin's Salisbury. 


bep rte 

Green. 
The n 


Re* j P Reed, precentor and 
curate of St AlDana Abbey, diocese of 
St ABfans, lo be Rector. Timsburv 
with Priston. diocese of Bath and 
Wells 

The Rev p H Miner, aastotant curate. 


James's. Btacfcburn. dttcew of Black- SI EUzabeUi. Reddish, diocese of 


burn, lo be also Rural Dean of 
Blackburn. 

The Rev R Brtdson. assistant curate of 
St Luke, city team ministry. Liverpool, 
diocese of Liverpool, lo be learn vicar. 
St Basil and All. Saints. Hough Green, 
□lltoo team ministry. 

The Rev R. a CUrke. vicar. St 
Andrew's. Islington, diocese of Lon- 
don. to be Rector. Martbrook team 
ministry. Bath, dtooese of Bath and 
Weils. 

The Rev MS. Cooper. Vicar, of St 
Mary with St Nicholas, cartsbrooke. 
Newport. Isle Of Wight, diocese of 
Portsmouth, ip be also pnest in 
dww. Gatcombe with ChiHenon 
TTw Rev N. OavKHi. team vicar, 
parish of North Lambeth, diocese of 
SouUiwark. to be parish prtesL St 
WW. Dulwich Common 
The . Rev J Edmond son. assi stan t 
curate. Gee Crews. Holy Trinity, 
diocese of Chester, to be assistant 
curate. Camberiey Si Paul, in charge 
m HeaUsenMe. diocese of CuUdford. 
Canon G O Farran. Rector. Dtlcheat 
wills East Pennant and pylle. and 
Chancellor of Wells Cathedral, diocese 
of aatn and Welts, to be also director 
of ordinandi. 

Canon D C Freeman, vicar of SI 
John. F orton. diocese of Portsmouth, 
to be also 

Rural Dean of AJverstoke 
The Rev C Hodge, curate. Christ- 
church (Somertord 1 . diocese of Win- 
chester. lo be Rector, chawtoa and 
Famngdon 

The Rev c Howard, Vicar of Si 
Ambrose. Pendleton, Salford, diocese 
of Manchester. 10 be also Rural Dean 
of Salford. 

The Rev a. R. Howe, amtsuni curate. 
Bexley n eat h_ si Peter, diocese of 
Rochester, lo be team vicar. 
Camberiey si Paul and cambertry Si 
Man-- diocese of Guildford. 

The Rev j. R. Jasper, curate of Si 
Mary's. Throcwey. diocese of New- 
castle. lo be Vicar. Si Lawrence. 
AMley. part of the Ley <grauo 
rrmusb-y. diocese Of Coventry. 

The Rev J. L_ C Lever. Rector. Will on 
wtih Nethertiampion and Fugglestone. 


Manchester, to be Rector. Ascension. 
Broughton. 

The Rev E. J. Miller. Rector. 
Setworthy and Ttmberacombe and 
Waoflon Courtney, diocese of Bath 
and Wells, to be also priest to 


Lur combe. 

The Rev C B MitcheH. ovate. 
Brtuhion st Peter, diocese of Chich- 
ester. to be priest In charge. Scaynea 
HUI. same diocese. 

The Rev a F Nlchofls. chaptam. 
Woodbrldgc School. Sum*, diocese 
of SI Edmundshury and Ipswich, lo be 
learn vicar in the Bruton and district 
team ministry, diocese of Bath and 
Weils. 

The Ven A L Nina. Archdeacon of 
Switzerland, diocese Of Europe, to be 
dean of the cathedral of Ibe Holy 
Ttblor. Gibraltar. 

The Rev R Osborne. Driest is charge. 
St Stephen's. Lansdown. Bath and 
wens, to be also meat in charge. 
Church of tne Blessed Virgin. 
Cnartcombe. 

The Rev DTN Parry, vicar. St Peter. 
Leigh, diocese of Manchester, to be 
also Tutor Assessor for readers. 


The Rev | M Rowram. . 

curaie. Si Mary. Haugnion ..Green, 
dtocrae o! Manchester, to be Vicar. 6t 
Andrew’s. Ramsboctom. 

The Rev 


bury- lo be 

Waldron and FontmeQ Magna. 

The Rev g Spending, curate. St 
James. New Bury, diocese of Man- 
chester. to be honorary curate. Cheat 
Church Pennington. 

The Rev D Streater. warden. George 
WtutrfMd House, i training and re- 
source centre of .Hit Church Of 
England in SouM AfrtcaL Fton Hock. 
Cape. South Africa, to be rector. 
Klngham wttn Churchill. Daylesford. 
and Sandra, diocese Of Oxford 
The Rev M J Sully, curate, umitetd. 
diocese of ChJCMter. to be Vicar of 
Waiberton with Blnsted. 

The Rev S J Tyrrell. Vicar. Bishop's 
nrhlngton. diocese of Coventry, to be 
vicar of St Nicholas. HuB. diocese or 
York. 


The Rev N P Vine, chaplain. Petertee 
College, and curate, peunee. dtocww 
of Durham, lo be Vicar. Si Peter's. 
Bishop Aukland- 

TheRev J Nicholas O WBUams. 
curate. SI PeteTs PetenftekL diocese 
of Portsmouth, to be team vicar. 
Drottwich. diocese of Worcester. 

The Rev R E w imams. iwsWanl 
curate. St Thomas. Stockport, dtoceoe 
of Manchester, lo be Rector. St 

Vicar. W«mmy 

sub Mradlp Wtm Easton and Pnddy 
diocese of Balh and Welle, to b 
curate. Milton. 

Resignations and retirements 

The Rev P R B Burman has resigned 
Ids appointment as renranenl officer 
for me clergy In the Bath Arch- 
deaconiy. 

canon S R Cutt. dioceean director of 
ordinandi, diocese of Batti and Wells, 
on March 1. but continues to be 
treasurer of Wdls Cathedral. 

The Rev J A Grace. Vicar. St Outhbert 
Welis.with WooJtcy Hole, and Rural 
Dean of Shewon Mattel, dtocue of 
Bam and Wens, to rn lp i as Rum 
Dean of Shepton Mallet on March 31 
The Rev W E Dickinson. Vicar. 
HaUMd Heath, diocese of Chelmsford, 
lo reure on April 30. 

The Rev D C Flail, reared, priest in 
charge. Dane with Cutbooe. diocese of 
BaUi and Wells. 

The Rev D Olive. (NSMX assistant 
prtesl. Wells. SI Cuthben. with 
Woo key Hole, diocese of Bath and 
wells, to train for Ihe stipendiary 
ministry. 

Other appointments 

Deaconess M Bexoo. team vtcar. Top 
Valley. Besiwood. diocese of 
Southwell, to be learn vicar. 
Oak wood, in the parish of St Mary's. 
Chaouesden. diocese of Derby. 
Captain p Boomer. Church Army, 
pastoral oversight for a district In 
Croydon, dlocegs of Southwark, lo.be 
lay minister of FUxIon with 
Homeraneid. South Eimham St Mar- 
gareL South Eimham St Pefcr and 
South Eimham Si Cram and SouUi 
Ehnlum Si James, diocese of 8t 
Edinundsbun' and Ipswteh. 

Deaconess O Dyer, prevloudy dea- 
. at St Mary. Witney, diocese of 

1. to be cmxniHuUcaUans ofdcer 

for the diocese of CartlsM^ and 
Assttum Vicar. St Cuthbert wtui St 
Mary. Carlisle. 


Latest wills 

Mr Henry Joseph 
HASSLACHER. of Hamp- 
stead. London. Oswcli 
Blakesion. ihe author, artist 
and critic, left estate valued at 



"Tien; were you last Sunday? Times is read by more than 4 
If us your job lo recruit million people (witness: NRS. 
legal and property personnel. April -September 19851 and 
and you weren't in The Sunday reaches more ABCl’s under 45 
Times Recruitment pages, eon- more cos l- effectively than any 
s.ider ihe facts. other newspaper. 

The Sunday Times reaches The standard Display Rate 


43.3".. of ali businessmen and 
women involved in law and 
property. 

Which is more than any 


per single column centimetre is 
just £o5 tplus VaT ® U H a). * 
Our case rests- 
To reserve space, write to 


other national newspaper, mag- Shiriej Margotis. Classified 
azine or penodical - as ihe AdiertisemeDl Manager . TTie 
BMKC 11N4 Businessman Sunday Tkaes. 200 Gray’s Ion 
Suncv lesiities. Road. London WCtX 8E2. Or 

AddiiiotuHv. The Sunday 'phoDcOl -837 1234 or 01 -8337430. 


SUNDAY TIMES 


journalisu and younger brother 
or V.S. Naipaul. left estate 
valued at £8.818 gross, nei nil. 
He died imesiatc. 

Mr lan MacPHERSON, of 
... Broughton. Hams, left estate 
£35.431 net. He left his valued at £1.038.856 neL 
iiieratuTv. papers and other Mrs Lilian May. BELL, of 
materials written by him under Dulwich Village. London 
the name of Oswcll Blakesion . JE29J.SS2 
to the Humanities Research Mr David LEIGH, of Hove. 
Centre. University of Texas. East Sussex ..JE378.037 

_Mr Shis ad bar Srinivasa Mrs Margaret Murray Nichol 
NAIPAUL. of Hampstead. NORRIS, of Marx lebone. Lon- 
London. the novelist and don ...£404.191 


Order of the Bath 

The Queen has commanded 
that a service of the Order of 
the Bat h is t o b e held in 
Westminster Abbey on Thurs- 
day. May 22. 1986. in the 
presence of the Great Master, 
the Prince of Wales. Details 
have been sent to all members 
of the order. If not received, 
please write to the Central 
Chancery of the Orders of 
Knighihood at St James's 
Palace. 


Science report 


Palmistry comes to doctors’ aid 


Some of the Ideas practised in 
palmistry are being incor- 
porated la research by a new 
division of hand surgery 
started at Stanford Univer- 
sity. California. Although few 
scientists give credence to the 
gypsy art of paim reading, for 
decades doctors have used 
characteristics of (he hand for 
an aid to a wide variety of 
disorders, particularly genetic 
ones. The Illnesses studied by 
the group of docton at 
Stanford employing a version 


By Pearce Wright 

of palmistry include indica- limbs and Dr Vincent 
tkms of congenital heart Pellegrini is an orthopaedic 


disease, n e urological disease 
and hyperthyroidism. 


But the three specialists 
who formed the group come 
from different areas of medi- 


snrgeon concentrating on 
arthritis and disorders of the 
wrist. 


The team are developing 
new ways of restr u cturing 
cal research. Dr Vincent Hetz damaged limbs aad restoring 
is a specialist in micro- sense and movement, indud- 
surgery. Dr Robert Chase is ing the transformation of toes 
an expert in hand surgery to become fingers that pinch 
who has pars Bed research in and grab. Most of the joint 
hand imaging techniqnes and replacement is done for the 
robotic substitutes for npper, relief of pain by arthritis 


Rare bat 
survivor 
found 

A mouse-eared bat found in 
Sussex last weekend is 
thought to be the only one 
left in Britain and is at least 
13 years old, scientists said 
today. 


supernormal intelligence, lay 
in traumatic incidents which 
had been stored up in the 
mind and thereafter inhibited 
effective mental functioning. 

The therapy involved 
Vetuming' to such incidents 
and “reliving' them folly, 
discharging all the associated 


ment, and Dr Heselberaer has extraordinary character in the Hea Ji h \ P ubUshed ‘"JJS 
found drawings similar to mould of GJ. Gurdiieff and C0l i ,d 1 oul °P an ? the ^ 
those at Didyma in the Madame Blavatsky, if of less and 1 . ,he J 1 the role of 

Temple of Artemis at Sardis, exotic provenance than Rus- ‘auditor and “pre-dear so 
The Didyma plans have sia and Central Asia, having tha J P^ent became therapist 
survived because the wall been bom in Tilden. Ne- and lhen paUcnl a E ain - 
surface on which they were braska on March 13 1911. to The theory assumed that 
incised never received its Ledora May Hubbard and the root of psychological 
final polish, which in most Commander Harry Ross disability, psychosomatic ill- 
buildings would have oblit- Hubbard of the United States ness, and impediment to 
era ted plans no longer needed Navy, 
once the temple was com- . , . - 

Dlelt p The bare facts of 

~ Hubbard's biography; educa- 

tion, military service, 
publishing, establishment of 
Dianetics and Scientology, 
etc, can be more or less 
adequately documented, but 

more than this is difficult to , . . . 

determine with certainty, in emotion and thereby erasing 
part because - like Guidjieff ^ hcn al1 such ^oretl 

and Blavatsky before him - °P traumas were erased, the 
Hubbard obscured his past individual would become 
with a miasma of imaginative ‘dear*, 
fabrication. These traumas, however,' 

. . . ■ , were not all acquired since 

In vanous doenpuons of binh . indeed most 

his life, he embellished the jmporuni - had occurred 

limited excitement of his birth. Pre-dears pur- 

y 5 Uth J u y ea f 5 . wlt Jj sued back these traumas - 
a .1 , . . , adventurous associations and u nnw . •-niwamg’ - to the 

Asmall poputauon m explorations which had hide „3^davs and 

Dorset disappeared in the [ foundation in feet hut he ear],esI r w . *“• “v 5 ?2 a 

1970s and the only other retiSd HiS convtS h 1 _ ours of , " lra -^ er,ne ,lfe ' 

- - 1 [F 101 ® W1U1 su ™ em coovio- t hen some claimed to expen- 

t fo^ C c rc «i^ im ’ n <T n H er F ence conception itself, and 
ship of the Explorer s Qub of shorI jy began producing ac- 

new York. _ counts of scenes from pre- 

Hubbard represented him- 
self for example, as an expert 
in nuclear physics, and his 
academic rerofd shows him 
to have secured a grade *F in 
the subject from George 
University, 


known population, in Sussex, 
suffered a catastrophe in 
1974. Since 1980, only two, 
both male, have been 
counted in the annual survey 
of their hibernating sites but 
only one has been found in 
the last two winters. 

The Fauna and Flora 
reservtion Society said that Washington 
last winter a young mouse- which he left after two years, 
eared bat was discovered having been unable to main- 
in Kent but an extensive tain better than an overall ‘D’ 
search of the same area this average. (He subsequently 
year revealed none. procured a PhD from a 

Although this bat was California 'diploma mill'), 
probably a stray winter im- 
migrant from the Continent 
it is unlikely that mouse- 
eared bats will recolonize 
Britain because they are now 


vious lives. 

, The acceptance of 
reincarnation transformed 
Dianetics into Scieniology. a 
lay psychotherapy into a new 
religion, and provided the 
opportunity for Hubbard to 
recapture control of a move- 
ment which had begun to slip 
away from him. 

In 1953 Hubbard incor- 
porated three churches, the 
Church of American Science. 


was available when, during 
the late 1 950s and in the 
1960&. Hubbard's movement 
began to face criticism from 
medical associations, the 


He then became a prolific the Church of Spiritual En- 
author of pulp fiction under gineering and the Church of 
bis own name and several Scientology. Although prin- 
noms de plume, such as c’paUy organised through 
.- . , Ronald De Wolfe and Win- non-religious corporations 

also rare m neighbouring I Chester Remington Colt U during the early years, the 
countries, said a spokesman. | was in the genres of ‘sword church of Scientology - the 

and sorcery’, and more O oly one of the three church 
particularly of science fiction structures to be activated - 
that he made bis reputation. 

As a science fiction writer 
Hubbard was never of the 
first rank, although he dis- 

played sufficient talent to 

supported by many leading ensure a considerable follow- American Food and Drug 
wildlife groups, including the in S . f ° r articles in the Adminislraiton, and state 
government's conservation lading ‘sci-fi’ magazines, legislatures throughout the 
watchdog, the Nature Conser- su .^ h . » Astounding Science English-speaking world, 
vancy Council. Fiction. After the transition from 

Events organised over the Hubbard followed bis fa- Dianetics to Scientology ihe 
next year will be aimed at into the navy, being therapeutic practice and 

improving public awareness commissioned as an Ensign training of the movement 
“Of these often maligned in 1941. He had an undistin- was tightly controlled, and 
animals" which now have guished naval career, spend- became increasingly expen- 
strict legal protection. ing a short period as an sive. Hubbard’s fears, too. of 

intelligence officer in Austin- a world conspiracy against 

nirflidavc f/wlov lia ’ and lhen briefly him and his ideas persisted 
1> _“ in< r i y s luua J commanding a small escort 
Dr R-GAlston, 53; Mr Mai- destroyer which saw no 


The mouse-eared bat is the 
largest bat found in Britain, 
with a wingspan of about 18 
inches and a weight of one 
ounce. 

Today, National Bat Year 
is launched by the Society 


colm Binns, 50; Mr Leslie action under his command, 
Bricusse, 55; Major-General Sir and which he appears to have 
George Burns, 75; Dr AIk: [ e ft under something of a 
Coppen, 63; Lord Femer. 86; 6 

Miss Germaine Greer, 47; Lord 
Gregson, 63; Mr Paul Hodder- After various other post- 
'ilHain 


Williams, 76; Mr John Junkin, ings during the remainder of 
56; Mr H.N L^wis, 60; Major- ihe war, he was admitted to 
General ILFMackay Lews, 89; lhe Oak Knoll Military Hos- tJCE - 
Professor Abdus SaJam. 60; Air ni . a i Oakland California 
Chief Marshal Sir Alasdair piiai m UaKJanQ vawomia. 
Steedraan, 64; Viscouni 


and grew as did his efforts lo 
neutralise, undermine or 
even destroy the enemies 
Hubbard fended he saw 
around him. including the 
American Medical Associ- 
ation, the World Health 
Organisation, the Press, and 
the US Department of Jus- 


Tonypandy, 77; Mr Brian 
Trubshaw, 62; Air Commodore 
F.West, VC 90. 


Glorious 
colour in 
mid-winter 

By Alan Toogood 


The 


Royal Horticultural 
Society's flower show, which 
opened yesterday at West- 
minster. demonstrates how 
colourful gardens can be in 
mid-wimcr.with flowering and 

coloured foliage shrubs, bulbs. I as a film script-writer, 
alpines and peiennials-This is 
the first mid-winter show for 


being discharged from active 
duty early in 1946 with a 
small disability pension for a 
duodenal ulcer. 

Hubbard claimed that it 
was while he was at Oak 
Knoll that he began to 
investigate the operation of 
the human mind, and to see 
the considerable limitations 
of prevailing knowledge in 
this field. He also took an 
interest in hypnosis and the 
occult around this time, 
moving to Los Angeles to 
pursue his writing career in 
Hollywood - once again 
achieving no obvious success 


several years. 

In the ornamental plant com- 
petition the Crown Estate 
Commissioners, the Great 
Park. Windsor, are leading 
prizewinners, securing first 
prizes in most classes with 
shrubs such as Hamameiis 
mollis Pallida, the purple 
Rhododendron dauricum. the 
pink Viburnum x bodnantense 
Charles La man L and the 
mauve Rhododendron Olive. 
Three gold medals went to 
exhibitors of paintings: the 
Botanical Research Institute. 
Pretoria. South Africa, for 
paintings of the flora of 
Madagascar Mrs E. Dowle. of 
Gnnstcad. Sussex. who is show- 
ing paintings of wild and 
cultivated food plants grown in 
Britain: and Mrs Coral Guest. 


While in the Los Angeles 
area Hubbard became in- 
volved with Jack Parsons, a 
follower of Aleister Crowley, 
participating with him in 
“magical workings', and sub- 
sequently relieving him of a 
substantial sum of money 
and a girlfriend, later to 
become Hubbard's second 
wife. _ 

Evidence from letters writ- 
ten by him to the FBI and 
elsewhere during the immedi- 
ate postwar years suggests 
that Hubbard was experienc- 
ing considerable menial diffi- 
including paranoid 


A vast apparatus was 
erected for information 
gathering, 'black propaganda' 
and even illegal covert opera- 
tions. which led eventually to 
considerable public outcry 
and the prosecution of lead- 
ing officials of the move- 
ment including Hubbard's 
third wife Maty Sue, for 
conspiracy to gain illegal 
entry to the offices and files 
of government agencies in 
America, and the theft of 
documents whjch Scieniology 
could use in its war against 
its enemies. 

From 1 950, Scientology 
spread throughout Europe 
and the English-speaking 
world, producing an annual 
income of many millions of 
dollars. This vast wealth 
enabled Hubbard to realise 
many of the fantasies which 
he had claimed for his \outh. 
He purchased a number of 
ships which he sailed around 
the Mediterranean . and 
which enabled him i 0 be- 
come ‘Commodore’ of his 
own fleet. 

He wras able to undertake 
expeditions of exploration, 
and he was even able to film 
his own science fiction 
scripts. 




Hubbard was ,h e Henry 
Ford of occultism. He was 


cuhies. 

delusions that he was being 

threatened by Russian agents nou by an standards"a S 

who were anxious to obtain man. but was a 

sniaiir. ana wire Lorai uukl u;. : n -i a h, £ . „ _ , _ a rtienly 

of London. who is showing I '"sights into the human mfluentual figure among the 

paintings of -the flowers and 1 "* — * — - 

foliage of bulbous plants. 

The show is open today from | to the _ world through the have appeared m modern 


iO am to 5 pm. 


C i 


j} 5. 


*«•-: t-. 


pages of Astounding Science times. 


% 


• — 








THE TIMES WEDNESDAY JANUARY 29 


13 


BEFORE YOU BUY 
ABMW7SER1ES» 

YOU SHOUID LISTEN 

TO ITS CRITKS. 




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AUTOCAR 


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DRIVE 

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FAST LANE 


“One of the best automatics (perhaps the best) 

intheWOrld " FAST LANE 


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WHAT CAR 


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WHAT CAR 


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\ WHAT CAR 


of the BMW” 


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other two on a dry road. \ 

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FAST LANE 


"Blade thin shutlines put Rolls Royce to shame. 
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FAST LANE 


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MOTOR 

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MOTOR 


If you’re thinking of spending over £16,000 on 
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9 




THE TIMES WEDNESDAY JANUARY 29 1986 


r- 


r-i 


•14 



THE ARTS 


• Marcm Warren, who opens in Blithe Spirit at 
the Vaudeville tomorrow, follows in 
, x awesomely distinguished footsteps as the 
Madame Arcati of the Eighties: interview by 
Sheridan Morley 

Seriously eccentric 


p uumy p h of imi wamn by Zo» Doirfnc 


■■■ 


"On Friday May the second I 
caught a morning train from 
■ . Paddington bound for Port 
Meirion in North Wales. For 
some time past, an idea for a 
-- light comedy had been rat- 

■ * tling at the door of my mind, 

and I thought the time had 
come. to let it in and show a 
little courtesy ... for six days 
I worked from eight to one 
each morning and from two 

• "to seven each afternoon. On 

Friday evening. May the 
ninth, the play was finished 
and, disdaining archness and 
false modesty, I will admit 
that I knew it was witty, I 
knew it was well constructed 
, and I also knew that it was 

■ ‘ going to be a success." 

The year was 1941, the 
r playwright Noel Coward and 
-■ the comedy Blithe Spirit 
* which ran on through the war 
for a total of 1.997 perfor- 
mances: why they never 
played the extra week and 
established the two thousand 
is a mystery unexplained in 
Coward's Diaries, nor did it 
‘ seem curious to him that a 
comedy about sudden death 

* and voices beyond the grave 

- should have done so well in a 

- time of sudden death, unless 
it was precisely that wartime 
audiences in imminent dan- 
ger of losing loved ones liked 
the idea of tangible ghosts. 

Blithe Spirit was Coward’s 
greatest commercial success; 

- indeed ns longevity record 

- was only eventually beaten 
by The Mousetrap. It was 
also of course the comedy 


Elizabeth Spriggs in the 
Pinter producuon at the 
National in 1976. 

But now we have an Arcati 
for the Eighties: Marcia 
Warren, winner of last year's 
Olivier award as the terrify- 
ingly genteel tap-dancing lady 
in Stepping Out. opens at the 
Vaudeville tomorrow in a 
new Blithe Spirit which also 
stars Simon Cadell with Jane 
Asher and Joanna Lumley as 
his present and late wives. 
How difficult, even forty 
years on, is it to tackle the 
memories of Rutherford? 

“If you ever though about 
that", says Miss Warren, 
“you’d never get yourself to 
rehearsal, which is precisely 
why I avoided seeing the fQm 
at the NFT last month. Once, 
up at Scarborough, I had to 
play Lady Bracknell for Alan 
Ayckbourn and your first 
thought is why bother, when 


Martext at Watford Gram- 
mar School: 

“They said: you want to 
act? Speech therapy, my girl, 
that’s what you do. So I 
ignored that and auditioned 
for LAMDA: they gave me a 
speech with 35 lines in it and 
I dried 35 times, so: they 
didn’t seem terribly keen on 
taking me in. Then I went to 
the Guildhall and read .them 
a funny poem and . they 
seemed to think that might 
be all right so I went there 
instead and finished up with 
the first Gold Medal they 
ever gave anyone. I really got 
it for fencing, or at least not 
the fencing itself but being 
the only one in my dass^to be 
there for the lessons at 9.30 
every morning. They said my 
parries were beyond belief." 

Through the Guildhall 
generation of Mithael 


Jayston and Lynn Farieigh, 
Miss Warren found herself 

SX'fi io* 'perfection jKjg* of very 

oML. 1 


But then you start to look at 
the play and you realize there 
are other ways of approach- 
ing a part especially after 
forty years. F-d done a certain 
amount of Coward in rep, of 
course,, but I’m not as used to 
him - as I am to Ayckbourn 
and l find him much more 
&££i 22 ]t to play. Alan really 
only gives you in bis scripts 
one way to play a character: 
Coward gives you a whole set 
of alternatives." 

A quintessentially jokey 


qi .... . 

lady of indeterminate early have to start by bring an 


parts, no cheekbones 
or jawlines, aged and/or 
infirm in thick stnrlringg and 
tbe kind of clothes that not 
even an actress would buy 
second-hand afterwards. At 
19 I was already being Willy 
Lo man's wife in Death of a 
Salesman, and through all 
my years in Rep I invariably 
had a deeper voice than the 
juvenile lead. 

“I spent fully fifteen years 
in Rep, acting, prompting, 
stage- m ana g ing, the lot If 
you really want to act, you 



Concerts 

Passionate fires 




Kovacic/O’Conor 
St John’s/Radio 3 


Elgar’s late chamber works in 
general radiate an autumnal. 

almost resigned quality, but , . _ ■ , „ - . ^ ■ 

the Violin Sonata stands major-key apothmis 


But he was aware, too, ol 
the Sonata’s darker side, 
emphasizing the feeling of 
instability and elusivcness at 
the edges of the Romance by 
abrupt alterations of speed 
and articulation. Only at the 


slightly apart. At some point 
this 1918 composition docs 
seem fragmentary and hesi- 
tant. as though reflecting 
national unease and private 
grief. But elsewhere shades of 
the buoyant old Elgar assert 
themselves: here the com- 
poser seems musically to be 
foreshadowing Dylan- 
Thomas's exhortation to 
“rage against the dying of the 
lights 

In the violinist Ernst 
Kovacic’s hands fiery 
passions certainly raged 
through much of (he work. 
Kovacic does not apply 
rubaio or portamenti as 
liberally as the virtuosi of 
Elgar's day would have done, 
but in other respects his was 
a grandly romantic account 
Properly flamboyant and 
exceptionally accurate when 
surmounting the technical 
challenges, even so he dis- 
played a wide gamut of tonal 
colour, from a sweet and 
tuneful top to a velvety, 
boundlessly expressive use of 
the G -siring. 


did Kovacic’s vision seem a 
little bland — the quintessen- 
tial Elgarian melodic leaps 
were rather smoothed over. 

A larger problem, which 
also affected the performance 
of Prokofiev's Violin Sonata 
No 2. was the contribution of 
John O'Conor. He seemed 
neat enough when he could 
be heard: but neither Elgar 
nor Prokofiev expected the 
pianist to be a junior partner 
in these sonatas, and the 
music is certainly diminished 
when the violinist (whether 
by acoustical trick or because 
of a stronger personality) 
assumes such a dominant 
role. 

Nevertheless, the Prokofiev 
had its excitements. 
Kovacic’s thrusting and vol- 
atile readings of the mercurial 
Scherzo and the finale were 
complemented by some 
resourceful variations in tim- 
bre for the Andante's delib- 
erately simplistic contours. 

Richard Morrison 


4 *- % 


enjoying a nice quiet cup of 
tea watched aghast by the 
audience. 

“But then thank God one 
night, when I was at Leeds. 
Alan Ayckbourn came to see 
his Absurd Person Singular 


which, on stage as on screen, middle age. Miss Warren is appalling stage manager if and asked me to join his 

established Margaret Ruther- tbe eldest of three unmarried you're any good on the book, company, though not in 

e first Madame daughters of a Gas Board they leave you there. Luckily Scarborough; I started for 

chin-quivering executive who worked his I wasn’t: I managed to play him in the West End in 


ford as the 

Arcati in a 

performance which was to wa/ up from meter-reading 4 God Save the Owen' during 
hallmark her career in much tamanagement and a mother on entire opening « kti u» at 
the way that Lady Bracknell who still dresses up as a Canterbury, and another time 
hallmarked that of Edith showman on festive occa- 1 took tbe curtain up during 
Evans. Since then there have iioos. There was however no the interval of an Agatha 
however been other Arcatis, /formal theatrical background, Christie thriller and there 
notably Beryl Reid in the last' or at least not until she found were the entire cast on stage, 
(1970) West End revival anjf herself playing Sir Oliver including several corpses, all 


ings and that was two years “Last year 1 bought my 
of my life." first-ever flat in Richmond 

Nor has she been exactly with more than one room. It 
inactive since: last year, while is a deeply emotional ex peri- 
playing Stepping Out in tbe ence to stand in your own 
West End. she managed no kitchen and hear voices from 
fewer than four television sit- another room and know that 
com series and a film for it's not neighbours but people 
David Puttnam, not to men- you've actually asked in. Also 


Joking Apart and only then 
went up north with him, I 
think tm tbe only actr ess 
ever to have done it that way 
round, which is kind of 
typical of my whole career. 
Then I came back to London 
with him for Season’s Greet- 


tion a Christmas season in 
music-hall at Sonning: “It 
does seem to have been a 
busy time, but actresses like 
me usually get to work a lot 
because nobody ever knows 
quite who we are. But my 
ambition is to be in every- 
thing, so h helps not to be 
too recognizable. 


I had to leave the last flat be- 
cause of all the noise I made 
learning how to tap-dance. 
Dickily there’s no tap-danc- 
ing in Blithe Spirir. one just 
has to make Arcati as 
seriously eccentric as 
possible." And that, for Miss 
Warren, should not be too 
much of a problem. 


Academy of 
Ancient Music 
Elizabeth Hall 

The cool, dear, small voice 
of Emma Kirkby is still the 
cause of much dispute. Either 
you adore it, it seems, or you 
hate it In this concert, given 
by a small-sized Academy of 
Ancient Music without their 
usual director. Christopher 
Hogwood. the cantatas that 
Miss Kirkby sang caused me 
to react in both ways. I 
almost hated her Handel 
Alpestrc monte, but her 
Vivaldi In furore was per- 
fectly stunning. 

in the Handel, her very 
refinement seemed inappro- 
priate. The words of the 
opening recitative, for exam- 
ple. surely demand a more 
luxuriant treatment, but their 
own sonorities, so perfectly 


' ■ r * i 

’ Si- 

/ 


Theatre / 

The Oven-Cloye 
Murders 
Bush 

In the first half orfhis short 
comedy Nick Darfe gives us 
neat reversals and long, batty 
speeches that show up his 
monomaniac characters for 
the awful spedmens they are. 

Whizz-kid video producer, 
pawky Yorkshire playwright 
and self-doubting director — 
hitherto qoted for his pot- 
noodle adverts — assemble in 
a high-tech Soho office. The 
playwright has sent in a deep 
and meaningful script in 
1 which a home-cooking hus- 
“ band strangles his bread- 
winning wife with the symbol 
‘of his bondage. 

The street-wise mini-mag- 
* nate persuades him to pen an 
even deeper and yet more 
meaningful idea about a 
Grccnham Common protes- 
tor who tails in love with a 
soldier on the inside — “They 
make love through the 
wire!" She is renounced by 
her lesbian colleagues, he 



Opaque relationship: Sazanna Hamilton 
and Philip Jackson 

revenges her death in some just a few strokes over into 


fashion I failed to catch 
through the laughter, and 
eventually goes off to the 
Falkland Islands to find 
fulfillment in sheep. 

This is hopeful stuff. Tbe 
author is clearly familiar with 
the grotesqueness of the film 
industry, where options are 
preceded by options on 
options. Characters are taken 


caricature, and performances 
straddle this boundary. His 
young producer, for example, 
a sublimely dreadful com- 
pound of ignorance and 
cruddy ideas, unable to Stir 
his coffee without an obscen- 
ity. could have been pro- 
jected in a style so over-the- 
top as to become fatiguing. 

By playing him instead as a 


character that stays through- 
out in a state of tension Tim 
Roth, and the director, Mike 
BradwelL keep him mon- 
strous but credible, and link 
the crazy talk to some kind of 
reality. It is a serious loss 
when this lad fells out of the 
window in the second half, 
by which time the play itself 
is nose-diving and shortly 
thereafter crashes. 

Perhaps we have witnessed 
someone commit a real oven- 
glove murder, but the 
relationship between the 
whizz-kid and his cool wife 
(Suzanna Hamilton) remains 
opaque. The Yorkshireman 
(Philip Jackson) also has to 
undergo an ill-explained 
change of nature. All that 
spirited writing of the first 
half vanishes and 
disappoinment is the keener. 

But in that first half there 
is treasure. Mark Wing- . 
Davey’s playing of the 
blathering, mother-troubled 
director edges us further into 
the style of caricature — but 
then it is not unknown for 
vour true film-director to do 
the same. 

Jeremy Kingston 


Nice Ladenis (Take Six 
Cooks, Channel 4) did an 
aptitude test when he left 
university and was tokl be 
was anarchic and should 
work for himself He taught 
himself to cook and now he 
runs restaurants which have 
earned two stars in the 
Michelin Guide. His hallmark 
is the attention he pays to 
sieving and blending. Here he 
was shown making a con- 
somme de champignons and 
commented, as he spooned 
the liquid from under a scum 
of egg-white, “Look at that, it 
shines like a pearf”. As well 
as being famously cantan- 
kerous, be can be a poet. 

Very often coolting pro- 
grammes are exhausting be- 
cause they are over- 
informative. They leave the 
mind reeling. This of course 
was not a Eow-to-do-it pro- 
gramme, it was an encounter 
with a method. Yet it was 
more inspiring, more useful 
and more likely to make one 
want to cook than all tbe 
other ingredient-listing pro- 
grammes put together. 

The American “Western 
is a potent myth which is 
infinitely malleable. Ken 


Television 

Blended 

sweetly 


Boon (Boon, Central), played 
by Michael Eiphick, is yet 
another spin-off from the 
tradition, as the former 
fireman who will tackle 
anything legal. In this week’s 
episode. Answers to the Name 
of Watson, the hero was a 
lion. As Boon was shown 
kidnapping it back from 


simple narrative device can 
do more than gore. 

Busman's Holiday (Gra- 
nada) is a game-show — but 
what a game-show! The 
structure is complicated and 
the technology sophisticated. 
On the other hand the 
competitors in this week's 
episode — musicians, whisky- 
blenders and building-society 
managers — were very sober. 
The same could be said of 
Julian Pettifer, the quiz- 
master. He was undemon- 
strative. and did not even 
seem to lake pleasure in his 
Wogan-like streams of verbal 
fancy. Whether or not the 
show is a deliberate attempt 
on the part of Granada to 


control the animal, a real 


degree of anxiety was pro- 
voked. Other blood-and- 
th under programmes could 
well learn from Boon that a 


game-shows, the result is a 
bizarre hybrid of flashy style 
and restrained content. 

Carlo Gebler 






/J, lasU*h 
yjf. National Opara 
louden Cohuum 
ry 5 f Morfcn't Lena, 
London WC 2 

Box Office 

5S' 01-836 3161 


•to 5258 



Cant indude* 

John Tomlimon as Mote* 

*o magnificant performance" 

Time* 


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SEARCHUGHTSPmSGHTS 
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"Tatch numbers: 186/286/386/486 do 


Opera 

First thoughts vindicated 


Stiffelio/ Aroldo 

La Fenice, Venice 


In 1850 Piave. subsequently 
the librettist of Rigoletto and 
Traiiata, proposed Stiffelio 
io Verdi as a possible subject 
for a collaboration between 
diem. It is the story of a 
Protestant minister who 
discovers that his wife has 
been unfaithful to him during 
his prolonged absence on a 
preaching mission. Verdi was 
enthusiastic about this depar- 
ture from the usual operatic 
subjects of his day and 
composed the music with 
alacrity; but at the first 

performance the censor in- 
sisted that Stiffelio must be a 
layman, and that many 
religious references and cru- 
cial dramatic phrases be 
removed. 

In this emasculated form 
the opera was not a success, 
and seven years later Veidi 
recast 

the same music in a form 
which was unobjectionable to 
the censor. Stiffelio became 
Aroldo. an English crusader, 
and the church scene was 
replaced by a reconciliation 
on the banks of Loch 
Lomond. Aroldo was more 
warmly received than 
Sittjeiio. and it was in this 
amended form that the opera 
was occasionally performed 
until the rediscovery of the 
score of Stiffelio. which had 
its modern premiere at 
Ptirma in 196S. 

La Fenice in Venice has 
now given us a chance to 
judge for ourselves the 


respective merits of the two 
works by performing them 
both on the same evening, 
conducted and staged by the 
same team. This was an 
excellent opportunity in prin- 
ciple. but the devisers of the 
project were somewhat dis- 
ingenuous in the realization 
of their intention to allow a 


alert to dramatic nuance. 
And Brent Ellis was a good 
Stankar, Lina's honour-ob- 
sessed father. 

Lina's counterpart m 
Aroldo was sung by Sandra 
Pacetti, who has a strong, 
secure top but lacks weight in 
the lower registers (crucial in 
this part), and belongs to the 


fair comparison. They dearly brow-smiting school of act- 
decided that Stiffelio is the ing. Jesus Pinto looked 


stronger, more unified work, 
and stacked the odds in its 
favour to make this conclu- 
sion inescapable. 

Pier Luigi Pizzi provided a 
restrained, effective produc- 
tion and sombre sets for 
Stiffelio, whereas tbe charac- 
ters in Aroldo were presented 
in a two-dimensional way. It 
is true that Aroldo ' s gratu- 
itous medieval setting and 
the introduction of a charac- 
ter called Briano, a pious 
hermit, sometimes rP al “Mr the 
work seem like a Monty 
Python send -up of an Italian 


dashing crusader but his 
singing was ugly and unmusi- 
cal. Antonio Salvadori was a 
smooth-toned father, but was 
ultimately defeated by the 
pan's unusually high tessi- 
tura. Both works were fierily 
conducted by Eliahu InbaL 
In spite of the disparity of 
treatment accorded to the 
two works, it became evident 
that Stiffelio is indeed the 
better opera — its strongest 
feature is the music Verdi 
wrote specifically for Stiffelio. 
which vividly characterizes a 
barely 


a sena -up of an Italian passionate man 
a it. using substantially 5^ {Lif f ofBruml), but a managing to keep violent 
same music, in a form direcl 9 r should try to divert emotions under control. A 


attention from an uneven 
work's weaknesses rather 
than accentuate them. 

Stiffelio was also more 
strongly cast than its succes- 
sor. Rosalind Plowright, al- 
though not on her best form, 
gave a powerful and convinc- 
ing portrayal of Lina, the 
erring wife. Her ability to 
colour and project every note 
of her part to fill out 
personality is outstanding — 
there is never a hint of the 
stock ' operatic about the 
characters she creates. Anto- 
nio Barasorda coped with 
most of foe tenor title-role's 
demands, and was always 


long, poignant scene between 
father and daughter is com- 
mon to both works, anticipat- 
ing Traviata but having a 
strong flavour of its own. 

In Aroldo tbe musical gains 
include an expanded and 
more memorable role for tbe 
soprano, a good storm and a 
superb final quartet of 
reconciliation. But it is not 
surprising that music com- 
posed in response to a 
particular libretto should lose 
much of its dramatic convic- 
tion when transferred in 
chunks to a different story. 

Nigel Jamieson 


reflected in their musical 
setting, seemed to be missed 
entirely. And there could 
have been more light and 
shade in the singing as a 
whole. The dynamic level 
was unvaried, the effect on 
the whole anaesthetizing. 

There was little choice but 
for her to do differently in 
the Vivaldi, however, for its 
two outer arias are fiery 
outbursts that demand an all- 
or-nothing approach, and got 
it. From the very opening it 
was evident that we were to 
be given a virtuosic ex- 
hibition of singing that you 
simply had to warm to. 
whether or not you like 
Kirkby ’s vocal timbre. Her 
athletic, violin istic arpeggios 
were in every way a match 
for foe strings themselves, 
and foe slow central aria, an 
exquisite movement with 
several moments of effective 
word-painting, unfolded with 
wondrous deliberation. 

The remainder of the 
concert was devoted to some 
of Vivaldi's pure in- 
strumental concerti. with the 
Academy’s violinists taking 
turns at playing the solo role 
and joining forces for two 
concertos for four violins. , 
The results were, frankly, a*, 
little mixed. Alison Bury 
seemed to find the E major 
concerto. Op 3 No 12. a little 
hard going, while John 
Holloway's intonation in the 
E flat concerto. Op 8 No 5. 
was often awry. Monica 
Huggett showed much more 
confidence and verve with 
her stylish Op 4 No 9 in F. 
playing also with a razor- 
sharp sense of rhythm. But 
the most elegantly turned 
performance was Catherine 
Mackintosh’s in Op 3 No 10 
in B minor. 

Stephen Pettitt 




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the Times Wednesday jam 


29 1986 



FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 


Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 


Mercantile’s gamble 
worrying investors 

The big bang is turning into a big money is hitting the right spirit of the 
black hole for Mercantile House. It scheme, target and the remuneration 
cannot yet be sure what happens at of sponsors and promoters, 
the bottom, and to avoid finding out In particular the review considers 
it is having to retrench heavily. whether the Business Expansion 
Last month Mercantile sold most of provides the money for areas which 
the American Oppenheimer operation, other sources of finance do not reach, 
ostensibly because it was more There is a suspicion that the 
domestically orientated than the Treasury has sat on the report for so 
London broking business. The dis- long because some of the statistical ev- 
posal could also be interpreted as a idenpe is not in harmony with the 
means of raising SI 50 million (£107 Treasury’s optimistic and uncritical 
million) to support the London announcements on the scheme. The 
operation, ft may need the money for Treasury has been keen to present the 
further strategic acquisitions, but it is BES in a favourable light, a success 
more likely that it will need financial story which - tells of encouraged 
strength to resist new challenges to entrepeneurs and employment genera'* 
profitability. tion. 

Mercantile, is planning to act as The darker side has not been the 
broker and principal in the gilts subject to official comment A big 
market which is widely expected to be percentage of BES schemes have 
the most competitive of them all. In entailed nothing more than wrapping 
effect it is putting huge sums of capital a company structure around assets. A 
into an area where returns could be tidal wave of investors normally 
smali.This prospect is hardly alluring, invest only at the last hour, just before 
In effect the need to concentrate the end of the tax year. Tax relief 
resources on London has upset through the safest possible route is 
Mercantile's long-term plans for what * most BES investors are con- 
providing a global network. It has yet cemed about 
to replace its American business and c:- ■« i 

yesterday John Barkshire, the chair- OlT JNlCilOiES lOOKS 
man. warned that its plans for buying UZ C nnm 

intn ihp 1 ananiw market rmilri Take <U.ICJL U15 UW11 


into the Japanese market could take 
more than three years to fulfill. 

It was thoughts of this kind that 
preoccupied dealers yesterday, when 
the shares fell 1 5p to 279p. 
Mercantile’s results were certainly not 
disappointing in themselves, with 


profits rising from £27.5 million to chairman , he is striving not only to 


Sir Nicholas Goodison is a fighter. As 
big bang gets closer and the upheavals 
in the City reach manic proportions. 
Sir Nicholas continues to champion 
the cause of the Stock Exchange 
against all comers. In his role as 
chairman, he is striving 

£32.7 million before tax in the six preserve the role of the Stock 
I months to 3 1 October. Attention Exchange as Britain's paramount 
: however was focussed on the state- market maker, but he is endeavouring 
I ment from Mr Barkshire rather than to turn back the tide and win new 
on the figures. business for an institution which some 

Mr Barkshire reported that profits have been all too eager to write off as 
on money broking have plateaued and a greedy dinosaur, 
that the American fixed interest Last night Sir Nicholas left his eyrie 
business had been hit by commission in the Stock Exchange tower and flew 
cuts. In London Alexanders Discount to Aston University to deliver one of 
has found the going tough and its his more hard-hitting speeches. It 
profits .are unlikely to recover until in- began with the now •familiar attack on 
lerest rates fall, he said. The only area the system of regulation currently 
singled out for making sharply higher proposed for our financial institutions, 
profits was the American investment The Savings and Investment Board’s 
banking business. role had not been properly thought 

The interim dividend has been out; in its rule-making, it was 
increased marginally but Mr Barkshire accountable neither to the City nor to 
told brokers that dividend growth Parliament; it sat atop an unnecessar- 
would now be limited to betwen 5 and y y laige number of different regu 
10 per cent This is presumably latory bodies, complained Sir 
another indication of the company’s Nicholas. But to add weight to his 
anxiety to conserve resources, criticisms, he gave a warning that 
Countering its effects however is the under the new City regiuatory 
tax charge, which absorbed nearly half structure, “investigations of malprac- 
group profits. tree will be very complicated and 

Yesterday there was evidence of disciplinary procedures equally so”, 
some switching from Mercantile That is a dire threat for those in gov- 
shares in those of ICH (the old ernment who have been made 
Charles Fulton business) and Exco increasingly aware of the public’s 
and this looks likely to continue. Until worries over unsavoury goings on in 
the picture is clearer, however, the the City. 


sector is 
investors. 


unlikely to attract new 


|BES Budget 
scrutiny 


year’s Budget, like the two 


Sir Nicholas, quite naturally, is 
happy with the Stock Exchange as 
regulator, but he is prepared to accept 
that not all competitive bodies might 
come up to his standards. And as mar- 
kets become more international, be 
fears that less scrupulous firms might 
opt for the financial world’s equiva- 


preceeding ones, is expected to attack lent of the Costa-least-Regulated. So 
some of tiie worst excesses of the Busi- last night he called for a harmoniza- 
ness Expansion Schemes, which pro- tion of regulations among all the 
vides tax relief for investors in certain major markets. There will always be 
types of unquoted companies. The so- operators who can find the loopholes 
called forming ventures and London but the need to retain a degree of 
property developments have been sent respectability would mean that for 
packing. Wine and fine art are likely most of the main operators in 
to be next. international markets, harmonization 

Unlike previous Budgets, this year of the regulations would ensure that 
could see some tinkering with actual they found no need to base their 
BES mechanics. The Inland Revenue businesses abroad. Harmonization 
is currently studying* a host of should breed some loyalty to the Stock 
possibilities, in the fight of the report Exchange, not that this would in- 
on BES investment in the 1983-4 tax fluence Sir Nicholas’s thinking on this 
year commissioned from the accoun- point. 

tants Peat Marwick Mitchell There can be no doubt, however, of 

Peat's report has been on the the motivation behind the most 
Treasury Ministers’ desks since au- surprising revelation he made last Jl 
tumn last year and is rapidly night. The Stock Exchange intends to 
becoming stale. It is believed to be a formalize the third tier of dealing on 
very thorough review, encompassing its markets, that level which comes 
both direct investment and invest- beneath the Unlisted Securities Mar- 
ment through BES funds, examining ket and is the reincarnation of the old 
matters such as whether investors’ Rule 163. 


CBI cone 
in econ 


Industrial leaders gave the 
Govern men i a clear warning 
yesterday that manufacturing 
is deeply concerned about 
falling demand and a'slowing 
down of economic growth. 
Business optimism is stag- 
nant * and international 
competitiveness declining. 

The latest quarterly trends 
survey conducted by the 
Confederation of British In- 
dustry shows that export 
orders have fallen to their 
lowest level for two years and 
despite a weakening of the 
pound, companies do not 
expea exports to accelerate 
in the next four months. 

At the same time, however. 
CBI leaders yesterday played 
down the prospect of an 
increase in interest rates and 
stressed that the fading ex- 
change rate and foiling oil 
price was benefiting business. 

Mr David Wigglesworth, 



n at slowdown 
ic growth 


By Edward Tc 

chairman of the CBTs 
nomic situation commit 
said: “There are a lot 
conflicting matters in 
economy at present Business 
would like interest rates to be 
competitive — and ours in 
real and actual terms are very 
high — but businessmen also 
understand that right now the 
Government and the Chan- 
cellor is in a very tricky 
position particularly because 
of uncertainty over oil 
prices.” 

But be repeated the CBI 
view that interest rates must 
come down to ease industry's 
lack of competitiveness. Real 
interest rates were now twice 
as high as Britain's leading 
competitors, he said. 

The trends survey, cover- 
ing 1.542 companies and 
conducted between Christ- 
mas and the middle of 
January, indicates that the 


Industrial CmTespondent 

static level of business op- 
timism is most marked in 
companies and contin- 
economic growth is 
ing increasing!!! depen- 
upon the success of 
firms. 

eialL there has been a 
it rise in the propor- 
companies blaming a 
of orders or sales as 
_ int on output. Total 
orders Yfbr manufacturing in- 
dustry have declined for the 
first tifoe in three years 
largely because of the decline 
in export^.' 

The survey . shows that 
almost two Thirds of compa- 
nies have sufficient orders for 
no more than three months 
of production. -About a third 
of firms in the food, drink 
and tobacco and electrical 
and instrument engineering 
sectors have less than one 
month's worth of orders. 


On the employment front, 
the CBI expects redundancies 
to continue at the rate of 
about 16.000 a quarter in 
manufacturing — about the 
same as in the first 10 
months of 1985. 

With orders and output 
down and an increase in 
reports’ of belovMapacity 
working in industry, the CBI 
says the survey confirms the 
deceleration in the growth of 
the economy. 

Mr Wigglesworth com- 
mented: "Manufacturers are 
particularly worried by the 
tendency of sterling to swing 
about like a branch in the 
wind and by the additional 
costs that are imposed by 
higher interest rates. 

It remained as important 
as ever to keep costs down , 
particularly wages, if industry 
was to be able to offer jobs to 
the unemployed. 


US shifts 
stance on 
currencies 

From BaOey Morris, 
Wa shing ton 

President Reagan, alarmed by 
the continued volatility of 
exchange rates, is attempting 
to set the stage for sub- 
stantive monetary reform by 
directing his Treasury Sec- 
retary to devise a new plan to 
stabilize currencies, admin- 
istration officials confirmed 
yesterday. 

The change in the White 
House position, which was to 
be highlighted in Mr 
Reagan’s State of the Union 
message last night, was de- 
scribed by officials as the first 
"small step" toward global 
monetary reforms which 
France and other nations 
have been advocating for 
several years. 

Mr Reagan's initiative a 
sharp departure from the 
hands-off, free market ap- 
proach of his first term, is a 
directive to Mr James Baker.. 


Balance of trade 
surplus hits £125m 

By Sarah Hogg, Economics Editor 


Britain's balance of trade 
swung back into surplus in 
December, supporting * a 
recovery in the pound which 
followed a cooling of the 
political temperature. 

The trade surplus, £125 
million in December, fol- 
lowed six months of continu- 
ous deficit. It brought 
Britain's total trade deficit for 
1985 as a whole down to 
£2,058 million, roughly half 
the 1984 deficit. 

Including an estimated 
£5,603 million of earnings 
from invisibles, such as 
shipping and tourism, 
Britain's current account sur- 
plus for last year totalled 
£3,549 million, comfortably 
in excess of the Treasury's 
forecast last spring of a 
£3,000 million cunent ac- 
count surplus for 1985. 

This surplus was more 
than three times the £1,121 
million current account sur- 
plus recorded in 1984. 


The December figures 
showed a £117 million in- 
crease in exports and £140 
milli on foil in imports. The 
figures gave further modest 
cause for cheer by showing 
the first surplus on manufac- 
tured trade, some £84 mil- 
lion, since ovember 1984. 

The trade figures gave 
support for the pound, which 
opened strongly yesterday on 
market perceptions that Mrs 
Thatcher’s position had been 
strengthened by Monday’s 
Westland debate. 

Early in the day, the pound 
rose to $1.41, and its trade- 
weighted exchange rate 
topped 75 on the Bank of 
England’s index. 

Sterling eased later in the 
day, but still recorded consid- 
erable gains. The pound 
dosed in London at S 1.4060. 
The sterling index dosed at 
74.7 a gain of a frill point on 
the day. 


STOCK MARKET REPORT 

Sterling’s recovery spurs 
shares towards record 


Stock markets had an 
extremely firm day. They 
were initially spurred by the 
recovery in sterling, itself 
encouraged by Mrs 
Thatcher's performance in 
the Commons on Monday in 
relation to the Westland saga. 

Interest rate fears tended to 
recede and a fresh burst of 
demand in the closing stages 
from US investors helped the 
FT30-share index to move 
towards a record high 

Among blue chips wanted 
were Beecham. up 15p at 
370p on bid hopes, P&O, 18p 
higher at 458p on property 
development prospects, and 
Thorn EML ISp higher at 
392p in firm electrics. 
Vickers strengthened lOp to 
328p. and BP reflected a 
steadier bias in crude oil 
prices, lOp ahead at 586p. 

Glaxo went up 32p to 862p 
on US demand. In contrast, 
Lucas slipped 12p to 496p on 
profit-taking, and Distillers 
relinquished 7p at 563p on 
worries about a Monopolies 
and Mergers Commission 
reference. Gilts scored good 
rises but ended off the top. 
with gains to 5/8 or so, after 
point. 

Consumer issues, recently 
dull, were among the many 
sectors to improve. Foods 
had United Biscuits up lOp at 
245p on speculative demand, 
and Tesco 8p better at 28 Ip 
in firm retailers. Stores saw 
Burton gain 18p at 528p, and 
W H Smith add 18p to 260p 

ahead of today's interim 
figures. 

In the brewers, Greenall 


Whitley was another specu- 
lative issue, up 7p at I86p. 

A firm building sector had 
Tannac up 16p at 372p. 

On the company news 
front. Ratal came in with 
worse-than -expected • figures 
but the shares, after (lipping 
initially, closed lOp ahead at 
180p thanks to a cheerful 
statement. 

Inn Leisure and J A 
Devenish returned from 
suspension to announce 
merger plans. Inn Leisure 
strengthened 14p to I30p, 
and Devenish went up I05p 
at 755p. 

In firm hi-tech stocks, 
fuelled by recovery prospects, 
Amstrad gained I4p at 232p. 
British Telecom advanced 4p 
to 185p on news that the 
Mitel bid had been cleared. 

Turner&NewalL, on the 
recent reduction in asbestos 
claims, added 8p to 140p. 
Bhmid gained 5 !-2p to 97p 
ahead of figures due soon, 
and on a re-rating. There 
were also stake change ru- 
mours circulating, 

Burgess added 2 Op to 160p 
following a Canadian ac- 
quisition. Figures and a rights 
issue look Cray Electronics 
up 13p to 293p. 

Golds lost 50 cents to a 
dollar on balance. 

The Treasury 10 per cent 
2003 “tap” was exhausted. 

District and Urban Invest- 
ments purchased a further 

25,000 Head lam. Sims and 
Coggins, shares through Si- 
mon nominees, who were 


previously, interested in 

305.000 ordinary shares (7.47 
per cent), have now an 
interest in 330,000 shares 
resulting in an aggregate 
interest constituting 8.08 per 
cent 

Western Heritable Invest- 
ment announced that it had 
sold 32.500 Municipal Prop- 
erties shares on December 
19. and a further 10,000 
shares on December 24, 
thereby reducing their in- 
terest to 44,645 shares (9.22 
per cent). 

These shares were acquired 
by members of the public, 
and in particular Lloyds 
Bank S F Nominees acquired 
33,370 shares, thereby 
increasing their holding from 
to 9.81 per cent. 

Border and Sonthern 
Stockholders Trust have ac- 
quired a further 159.290 
ordinary Sunlight Service 
Group shares making them 
beneficial owners of 
2J44.790 shares (10.9 per 
cent). 

Mr GJ. Smith, a Berkely 
and Hay Hill director, has 
disposed of i million shares 
<1.1 per cent). He retains a 
beneficial interest in 
10,972.669 shares (12.06 per 
cent). 

NewarthiU has acquired 

10.000 of its own shares at a 
price of 800p. 

' Whan Investment Com- 
pany has reduced its 
shareholding in Lowland 
Investment Company to 5.861 
million shares (24.96 per 
cent). 


INVESTMENT TRUSTS 


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MONEY 


AIT the signs that the Prime 
Minister has weathered the 
Westland storm promoted a 
stronger pound in the morn- 
ing and encouraged interest 
.rates to retreat further from 
their recent high levels in the 
money markets. 

Period rates are now not 
for above levels consistent 
with 12 ¥2 per cent base rates. 
They may hold these levels, 
some traders say, until the 
outcome of next week's Opec 
ministerial meeting is known. 
Hie 3-month Interbank: term 
deposit is back to 12 % — 
11/16*% this morning from 
overnight 13 I/I6 — 13%. 

Overnight money looks 
cheap again at 10 % — %%. 

Hie pressures have abated 
on the base rate front. The 
pound is helped cm this score 
as well as by the better 
performance of the erode 
spot oil price. Trading rates 
on the periods in the Inter- 
bank market are now not too 
much out of line with the 
1216% base rates set almost 
three weeks ago. They may 
not be able to retreat any 
further, some traders believe, 
before Opec's deliberations at 
ibis weekend's meeting in 
Vienna. 




WALL STREET 


Prices opened higher Tuesday 
in moderate trading on the 
New York Stock Exchange. 
The Dow Jones Industrial 
Average, which rose 7.68 to 
1537.61 Monday, was op 
0.81 to 1538.42 shortly after 
the market opened. 

Advances lea declines 551- 
395 among the 1,437 issues 
crossing the tape. “We think 
the market is going much 
higher,” said Stephen 
Weisglass, chairman of the 
executive committee of 
Ladenburg, Thalmann. 

Weisglass said lower oil 
prices will have the equiva- 
lent effect of a major tax cut 
because companies and con- 
sumers will be able to spend 
foe money saved on fiiel in 
other sectors of the economy. 

Lower interest rates wul 
also help the market move 
higher, Weisglass predicted. 

Mr Newton Zinder, tech- 
nical analyst at E F Hutton, 
was more cautious. Though 
be believes foe market will 
eventually move higher, he 
said recent strength in foe 
transportation index is very 
unusual and almost excessive 
and will not necessarily be 
followed by similar strength 
in foe broader market 


* 


Si- 


Britain 

rebuffs 

Opec 

By David Young 
Energy Correspondent 

Demands by the Organiza- 
tion of Petroleum Exporting 
Countries that Britain should 
cooperate to bring stability to 
the world oil market were 
rejected yesterday by Sir 
Peter Walters, chairman of 
BP. 

He said that only if the two 
leading non-Opec producers, 
the United States and the 
Soviet Union, were to co- 
operate in production re- 
straints could others play a 
significant role in controlling 
the markeL 

“And that", he said, “is not 
likely to hapjxn." 

Sir Pieier said that the oil 
market was now being af- 
fected by circumstances be- 
yond normal supply and 
demand and there was no 
time or no real will among 
the non-Opec producers to 
collaborate in production re- 
straint 

Opec itself would have to 
decide to bring stability to 
foe market by controlling its 
own output rather than 
leuing prices freefall.“Theif 
current policy is hurting 
friend and foe alike", he said 

Prices on the world mar- 
kets have been firming over 
the past 24 hours on the 
expectation that the new 
committee formed by Opec 
to discuss ways of defending 
the oii producers' market 
share at around 18 million 
barrels a day will advise on 
production quotas being 
reestablished when it meets 
in Vienna next Monday. 

It is also increasingly iikeiy 
that that meeting will ad- 
journ and a lull Opec 
mimisierial meetimg will be 
held in Saudi Arabia later in 
the month when the produc- 
tion quotas originally set in 
London in March 1983 will 
be renegotiated 


Long-hai 
Airbus 

Airbus Industrie, the Euro- 
ocan airline manufaduruig 

Soup of which British Aero- 
space is a leading member, a 
fogo ahead with the develop- 
ment of two new versions of 
the Airbus. .. 

The consortium says me 
four-engined. 
tong range A340 
airlines to escape Boeings 
long-range monopoly, me 
proposed A330 is to be a 
medium/long range 3 1 U 
scater. , „ 

The decision, taken at a 
meeting of foe Airbus super- 
visory board in Munich, will 
enable BAe to begin talks 
with foe Government on the 
possibility of full launch aid 
for BAe’s share of the new 
aircraft. So for British 
involvement in the Airbus 
project has been on the 
design and manufacture of 
high technology wings. 

The Airbus supervisory 
board says the two new 
versions should be available 
in foe early 1990s*. 

German 

surplus 

West Germany had a record 
exports surplus of DM73.3 
billion (£22 billion) last year 
when the country also 
achieved a record current 
account surplus of DM3S.6 
billion. 

Frogmore 

post 

Mr William Baker has been 
appointed managing director 
of Frogmore States with 
effect from March 1. He is 
leaving the board of Slough 
Estates. 

Pacific oil 

There are more than 450 
promising oil and gas 
exploration opportunities in 
Asia and foe Pacific despite 
the slump in oil prices, the 
Offshore South East Asia 
conference was told in Singa- 
pore yesterday. 

Egyptian cuts 

Egypt has cut its oil prices by 
up to S3 a barrel and 
temporarily reduced exports 
by two-thirds because of the 
foil in world market prices. 

Posgate plea 

Mr Ian Posgate, the former 
Lloyd’s underwriter, will to- 
day ask the Council of 
Lloyd's why he should not be 
allowed to return to active 
underwriting. The council at 
its last meeting two weeks 
ago decided that Mr Posgate 
should not be readmitted , 
but gave him until today to 
argue his case. 

Yards improve 

Spain's state shipyards cut 
losses by 24 per cent to 43 
billion pesetas (£205 million) 
last year, foe first of a 
restructuring plan for the 
industry. Senor Pedro San- 
cho. director of the naval 
division of the state indus- ’ 
trial holding. INI. said yes- 
terday. 


Pickfords buys 35 
Limn Poly outlets 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 


Pickfords Travel, part of 
National Freight Consortium, 
is taking over 35 business 
travel outlets of Lunn Poly, 
pan of Thomson Travel, in a 
deal thought to be worth 
around £7 million. 

Thomas Cook is still by for 
the biggest travel agency 
chain but, judged by numbers 
of outlets, Pickfords will now, 
claims, be the second 
largest, although Hogg 
Robinson is an important 
presence judged by turnover. 

The travel agency mul- 
tiples. including Lunn Poly, 
are dashing for growth but 
the strategy of the Thomson 
subsidiary is now to con- 
centrate on its high street 
outlets selling package holi- 
days. Lunn Poly has been 
among the most aggressive in 
offering additional discounts 
on package holidays. 

The Lunn Poly deal will, 
on completion early next 
month, bring its number of 
business travel outlets to 80. 
The main gain will be strong 
representation in central Lon- 
don as well as taking 
Pickfords into key regional 
centres like Aberdeen and 
Liverpool. 

Mr Neil Thompson, the 
Pickfords marketing director, 
said: “Our business travel 
centres chain had been grow- 
ing organically so this has 
probably telescoped our 
growth plans by three years." 


About 320 Lunn Poly staff 
are involved in foe takeover 
but there will be no redun- 
dancies. either among staff 
moving to Pickfords or 
among existing Pickfords 
staff, Mr Thompson said. 

The deal will push foe 
Pickfords turnover from 
around £250 million a year to 
about £335 million. Mr 
Thompson said: “ We intend 
to continue growing" 

Demand for business travel 
services is growing fast and 
although profit margins are 
not as great as in the package 
holidays field, the flow of 
business is more consistent 
all year round. But on foe 
business travel side invest- 
ment in new technology 
systems is usually greater. 

The bookings boom in 
package holidays abroad 
continues. Pickfords has al- 
ready sold about as many 
holidays as it did in foe 
whole of the last summer 
season. 

Cosmos, one of foe top 
tour operators, has reported 
unprecedented sales levels. In 
the week ended January 18. 
sales were 220 per cent up on 
the same week last year, the 
company reported. Mr Roger 
Corkhilk managing director, 
said: “Anybody who delays 
booking a summer holiday 
until after foe end of Feb- 
ruary runs a real risk of being 
disappointed." 


Our business is selling yours 


CHESHAM 


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♦03 
*0 1 
♦03 
-10 
♦a; 
*06 
-06 
*10 
♦01 
-02 
♦ I 9 


CMLtPenKasn Cap "0.9 liar *0 '5 
CUUPom.C*3Mrw 1190 1253 «?♦ 
CWUPonrElFY Cac 2315 £44.1 Oft, 
CMliPenlfcay h» 248 8 2A15 -anj 
CMuPenlF.-d Cap 1590 167* --.41 
CMUftjnrFiftfl m« nO.9 179.6 -In 
CMUPyij ji~m Cao 102.1 1075 -02) 
ClALIPenl Iran ln» 1095 1153 -02* 
CMuF^irM.Tfi Cap IS03 2004 -258 

CMLpen,MUn m ZDA.3 21M) -253 

COMMERCIAL 'JNKM 
■» -wm. ' underatiofL BC3 
0>-»3 7500 

Vsp Ann Aft rum (91 wa +237 
Var Ann 15. 46 7° +0*1 

prnru- AIjiu9H 1917 7033 -01 

prune- 111* 3My SD» 3 219.9 -20 

prune- tr Zsmn i;,'7 166 1 *31 

Pvemi- or -perty 1215 126.0 +04 

pniiw- r> ad Interest 1235 110 5 
Prune- ' Jai-LmWO 922 371 +0.7 

pranm -ash 1IU 1S1J +0.1 

CONFEDERATION LffE 

50 runcary Line. London WCSA IKE 

01-242 0282 

Managed FukJ 5:3.7 5*07 
BCJIy Ftmd 587 7 629 1 

pip Fund 


CROWN RNANCiAL 

Crown House. WOtang &U21 DON 

04882 5033 

n Manaoed 296.9 2795 

UM Fbau Ini Abcun 199 5 2089 
UM Eouly ACCuti 30S3 3215 
UM Mr dy MXun 185-9 1745 
UMl-rr Trosi Accum 3260 3452 
Lite H AftXLTi 2675 2819 

UJe f jh ire Aftcini 2668 282.7 
Life 1 spenyAftxum 1836 1932 

Ci U flrr Inv A «0Z2 
Bra -1 Equty 34S8 3640 

DB- Managed 16S* 1741 

Gi.pih Accun 169 1 1770 


E1G17 IB. 17 


-2.4 

-1J 

-57 

♦0L2 

-04 

♦15 

-43 

+ 0.1 


GRESHAM UNIT 

2-e p -p.ee si tvjies Road. Bcumamouh 
?:<? 7U'22 

ManMM Sene 354 5 373 7 -28 

Mjhv 5« 177 1 186 7 -02 

5ii.ffir Fund DCS 1 2226 *51 

Fired 1 mar as: FuPd 130 I 137 I *11 

Pnxwnv Fund 2i31 J 215.1 


aa*5Hue fhamlingtok 
am-rcan 5 Genual 
MW* 

MiiemaMonai Iran 
Carnal Fund 

ft*or<eri Fmho 
J d&an 3 General 


277 2 3321 
2369 2I'8 
576 T 591 6 
330 1 V 7 6 
W2 8 2'4 8 
11*4 i;-C6 


OUAROIAH ROYAL ESCHAMGS 
Rorel Ex chance London EC3 
01-283 7101 
Aaa Prop Bds 
Manauc haal 
Do Accum 


Eflwty imai 
Do Accun 
Faod m MBN 
Do Aeon 
M Inwi 
Do Aoeun 
Nttl ATOM Mud 

Do Accum 
PacAc hraal 
Dc accuh 
P roperty hdul 
Do Accun 
ma«j.-Ln«ad transi 
Do Acoim 
L-.-msc naal 
Do accun 


361 0 3760 
230 J 2950 
3275 1*4 7 
389 8 389 2 
<32.1 454 8 
207.4 2103 
242-3 255.1 
2942 3076 
3*1 4 359 4 
121.1 1275 
1288 1356 
1323 1393 
(29J 1466 
1365 1417 
1993 167 8 
868 914 
923 972 
134 3 1*1.4 
1563 1012 


♦52 
-0< 
-SB 
-08 
♦ 16 
-32 


-04 

-03 

-34 

-37 

-07 

-07 

*05 

+07 

+14 

+16 

♦IB 

*10 


-24 

-23 

*BJ? 

+03 


HENDERSON ADJUNBTHATION 

28. Fnsour, Scuara, London EC2A IDA 

0'-i» 5*57 

B n Income Fund 211 I 2229 -16 

ECftjed Fund H7 0 ?19 -03 

Carta 1 Growm Inc 2002 211.3 -2.7 

TecnncMn ni"C 157 4 176 7 -05 

Natural 7|+sourC*S "55 1219 -16 

Speoai Snuiwro 230 8 243 8 +0.1 

Nunn Amerce Fund 2382 25' 4 +ib 

Far East Fuvi 2113 roS *46 

Managed Fund 2426 256 1 -06 

Depose Futd 1342 1413 


Socunh, 

prfril ftf ^ _ 

Fund 

Oodji Furia 
rmbii FtffVJ 
jncofii* Pyna 
presort* Sene* A 
Property Urals 

Rnanem Fund 


2157 227 » 
2118 222.7 
229 8 2419 
1825 1922 
213 0 224 3 

347 2 2903 

903.7 214 j 
3296 3A6I 

201 1 !Ti 7 


♦01 
-06 
♦ 1 0 
-1 5 
*03 
-02 


+ 15 
-09 
+ 'S 
*28 
*12 
*02 

♦0 3 
•09 
-OB 


■ftanecec Senes A* 2390 ZS' 6 
Kit 178 0 1883 

Managed Urals 417 4 419 * 

noireta Fund 2291 2<l 2 

Wanes Serss K 1635 1725 

Mon«* Lilts 2095 2206 

EduiTv Fund 268 1 2823 

F>«i mterew Fuid 182.3 1919 

inoe.ee sacs Fund 1003 105 9 

EarC'Sean FjraJ 31<0 J30 6 

N ltua' Ptrs Funa 111 0 117 3 

Far East Fund 27a 8 2K 1 ■ 

Smaller Cc s Fund 2269 238 3 
SiMOdl Sts Fund 2140 23S 3 
Man Sunengv Fuel 1365 1*3 7 
J334nssa Teoi 1i64 1228 
IMPERIAL UFE OF CAHA1M 
r-gv-j Lite House. London Road LrcWorj 
0*63 S7i»s 

OrowTri Fund 141 221 J 240 5 -10 
eneesa ut*m 2180 227 3 -0 6 
unr Lywea c ued >m 195 6 Z05 9 -0 9 

L»'i Liwea 5*e Cap 161 9 *704 *02 

Em Lrwec Eau+r 4<'7 4397 -IS 
Una Urtked Prop Fd 1689 177 7 -02 

MSH UFE ASSURANCE 
LangpOM, House. 20 
ATT 

Cl -638 1737 


-07 
+28 
♦2.4 
♦1 1 
*25 


CtMwra SL London EC I 


Prop Modules 1 2573 

Prop Moouies Gth 3550 

Woo Wm Cm Ser Z iKC 

Wop mpo Cm Sei 3 164 1 
9U Crap Serws 1 1537 
BAre Cn»c Senas 2 
&ue CTnp 54nes 3 

Managed Senes 1 

Wjnaaird Se<ies 2 
Managua S**WS 3 
GLftMi Managec 3 
Octxu Property 3 

Qceu Fued im 3 

Gftjoa! Eftnui 3 

Cvlosi cast 3 


+60 


240 8 

2404 
546 3 

2188 

2'4 Q 

2500 

1242 

2396 

2751 

1142 


ragh Incane Senes 772.0 


2708 
373 8 

>77 4 

1727 

1616 
2535 +36 

25J0 +36 

575 0 *117 

238.0 ’ 

2253 **6 

2633 -15 

130 7 

352* -09 

2636 -22 

ISM2 *01 
8135 +322 


LAS GROUP 

10 Geotge Sown EanouUi EH2 2VH 
031-225 6*9* 

Managed Fund 
Ur. Squ+r 
Propert* 

Morey Ma,* at 

Fixed Wares* 

Japan 


Wrmjunil 

fraiural Res Fed 
Euccnr 
Far East 
High Technology 
Special Sns 


1791 1900 
2131 2260 
172 7 1*3 2 
1331 139 4 

148 7 1S7 8 

2C2.D 2:4 4 
147 5 1565 
168 7 1790 
75 4 801 
1313 1388 
927 979 
631 888 
1126 1191 


+23 
-04 
*D3 
+0 4 
-03 
+si 6 

+14 
+ 19 
-13 
*02 
-05 
+07 
+06 


LEGAL 8 GENERAL UNIT ASSURANCE 

2. WontetKue Rd Hove. SuSHa BNS ISE 

0273 7Z4SW 

9og Soc Lmc Ina 998 1051 *01 

Bo Accum 1033 1066 -01 

Casn mon 136 4 133 I +01 

Do Accum 164 8 1735 +03 

E-Orff* Hwui SO 9 3694 -39 

DC Accum AS 7 2 481 3 -51 

Fn« mwl 221 7 2334 -07 

DC Accum 2885 304 1 -6 B 

lACe.-Lanked G4I 930 979 +07 

Be accum 103.‘ 1089 *08 

mu I ratal ZS 5 23*3 +'6 

Do Accum 2B5 4 300 5 +23 

Md.-i4.Md hwal 276 4 2910 -09 

Dc Accun 3602 379 2 -13 

Property htsa! 1470 '54 8 - 2 0 

Co Accum 191 6 201 T +26 

LEGAL 6 GENERAL PROPERTY 
11. Cuter, tfc Si London EC4N *TP 
01-346 967B 

L 5 G |29) 1566 IK5 

LLOYDS UFE 

20 cation Sewn. London EC2A aMX 
01-5CO 0203 0733 26252* 

Mum Growth |45i 330086 

Mura Growm A i«S 288 ’ 303 3 


0o fi Piop 
Op 8 Ecunr 
Op A r+cn vmc 
OP 8 waroagy d 

Op 8 Oeaovi 
Op B US Ooxar 
Arrxrr SmjMr 
Ccmmoary 
Extra me 
Far Seat 
W Secs 
Goc Gen 
me Gm 
M Fund 
JUMT Pert 
Japan Smtr 
Natl High 
Prep Sirs 
Inti Recovery 
Srmuer Cm 
Ura-Ecragy 


271 1 2654 
413 7 4356 

393 1 2981 
3859 4063 
2159 2273 

1364 1436 
1306 137 5 
733 772 
1125 11*5 
964 Ids 
1889 1777 
94 8 683 
17DB 1798 
1293 1362 
1478 155 6 
77 9 82 1 
167 9 1766 
1*09 1*84 
1730 iaZ2 
1889 1966 
461 466 

1269 1273 


USE 

1087 


Bid OH Or Ong Vy 


■ 03 
-04 
-19 
+ 19 


IWUOH Q0» 1593 1577 

O* 969 KW9 

wng Kong 93.7 § 

Ausl Glh 112 4 1=9 6 

amM»3U 'T9 i 1U 3 +6’ 

AuyaJon 1O66 "23 

^etn 196 3 164 6 

CommaMy US' 1?<< 

c,i-a me 1*7 0 Iia 8 

Fw Eastern 165 5 174 3 

Grit 336 986 

G tonal 1353*1 7459 Z569 

God Share 516 54 6 

h«n fncome 1664 1.52 

income 5H94 23' 0 

ft fiwg* !«* 

Srncat Sns 1>*9 >84 1 

3v5mr ,?o s 1B25 1&L? 

Man Growm 1S'9 202.0 

LONDON UFE 

TOO Tempie SUM. SmrH. BSI 6EA 
0272 279179 



•<S 
-4* 
-Z 3 
-22 
♦i « 
-04 
-0 1 
-3 2 
-19 

*04 
imA 2 
-9 1 
-64 

-37 

-0B 


Euuifr 

Frwtf mrerosi 
Property 
Deodsn 
Mued 

Smck 

irremarorui 


3651 

1921 

2192 

163? 

Z63? >38 
1H?4 
1409 


341 Z 
3«4 
122 5 
140* 


LON 6 MANCHESTER OROLTP 
PfroMOe P+ra Exouh &5 IDS 
0392 S2'S3 
in. Turn Gap 
Do Actum 
Property Cap 
C«j *ccum 
Fnec im»ap UP 
Do Accum 

Eoim Cao 

Do Accum 
intemaKjna cao 

Do Actum 
Gto DepoM Cap 
Dq Accum 
FM-'5*e Cap 
Do Acann 

MoneymeMr Fund 
CatHOl Griiwtn Fund 


16pi 
1702 
194 8 
1534 
175 3 
144 7 
1643 
2167 
248 5 

mo 

531? 


+38 

+01 

*C2 

-02 

.22 

*31 


*18 

♦23 

+01 
-04 
-2 4 
-l 6 
-1 9 
+?< 
+23 

♦01 
-I 6 
-I 9 
-iO 
-3J 


Tower H» EC3R 6BD 


MAG 

7>*ie« i 
0»+ 

Amer Bond Acc 188 1 1988 
Amw Dec Bond 239 8 2519 
Amor Sme Co BOM I'M 8 1122 
Auanaftaraa Durxl 102.8 108 1 
Gonvradey Bond 123 8 <301 
a aw Bonn 2003 216 7 

Eaj.tr Bond Accun 434 7 4585 
Einp«r Bond ACC 128 1 1346 
Extra YH Bd Accum 237 1 2*9 I 

Far EPS1 Bd Accum 985 103 8 

Gdl Bond Accum 208 0 2185 
GoU Bond Accun «i2 959 
HHh Yield Bona 183.9 1932 
IndexAjMied Gi Bd 1067 1143 
Imemaaonal Bom 287 r J02.Z 
Japan Gael acc 1*65 ISA 1 
Japan 3n* Co ACC 1254 131 8 
Manmeo Bmu 3Sl S *03 
Prep Bom Accum 287.7 2812 
Ret Bono Accun 214 a 246 
Furr tty Bona Accum 62 4J 


-08 
-04 
+ 1 3 
♦ 10 
♦07 
*03 
-2.7 
-19 
-09 
+03 
-22 
-10 


+ 19 
+75 
+61 
-0B 
•04 
+06 
+45 

MM ASSURANCE 

mgm use Hem Ra. woraung SNii 2DY 
0503 20*831 

139.7 1471 
1485 1$7J 
990 104 J 
1058 1"4 


UK Equey Find 
o Accun 


Do 

Sped' So* Fund 

Dp rtxum 

natt Amencan 1504 1554 
Do Accum 1607 1892 

Pacific Baam Fund 164 7 1545 
Do Accum 200 1 210.7 

Fixed imerast Fund 1695 176.5 
1814 191.0 
1" 1 ||70 

118.7 1*0 
1100 "55 
1164 1226 
142.6 1504 

152.8 160 9 


Do Accum 
Property Fund 
Do Accum 
Daoosrf Fund 
Do Accum 
Managed Fund 
Do Accum 
MANUFACTUREMLiFE 
Si Georoos Wav. Swenaga 
0*38 *6101 


Managed Ftad 
P-ODerty Fima 
Eouoy Fund 
Gm Edged Fund 
Deposn Funs 

litvenmom Fund 
Inter na nonji Fund 


3015 3177 
245 7 258 6 
317 7 334 4 
302.6 3185 
1736 '89 0 
1349 1*17 
277.4 2920 


-08 
-10 
-10 
-12 
+35 
*3 7 
+80 
+74 
-10 
- 1.1 

+b'i 
-06 
+02 
♦ 12 
+15 


-33 

+05 

-63 

-SB 

♦07 

-22 

*33 


NORWICH UMON 

PO Box 4. Noraecn NR1 3NG 

0603 «w>wai 


Managed Fund 
Eoxty Fund 
Wdvariy Find 
FnuM.ua Fund 
Depoea Fund 
n Funa *30) 
Hotmoi LMB 135} 


5712 6012 
CIO 97 11 12 
208 6 3039 
0012 31?0 
188.3 m2 
1110 1170 
5990 


PEARL ASSURANCE 

752 rfcgn HdOBrtL YYCTV 7EB 

01-405 8441 

Inv Prop DM 1335 140 

Do Acoxn 8030 214 

Inv Eourtv 437 3 461 

M« 

Bel 

PUOENU ASSURANCE 

4-5. Kbrn IVOair SL EC4N TER 

01-626 S676 

twaoh AMuntd 3139 3305 

Eba Phuomr Etjuay 2233 *355 

PROPERTY GROWTH 
Leon Htruse Croyoon 
Cl -AW W06 
PlrtCAny Fund 

Pi cowry FmM (At 
X'^rtumrai Fund 
Agt< Fund 1*1 
A3tey NJI Fund 
A03--V Njl Fund <A> 

Inyeynrajri Fund 
tfrye xim enr Fund (Ay 
Eouuy Fvxvt 
EOnly l- 1 
Monry Fund 
Money FuM 1*1 
AcJuacai fund 
Grt-Edged Final 
G-n Eased F*na (At 
Kern? Anraxty 


-25 

-010 

♦02 

-10 

♦04 

+06 


-0 1 
-02 
+45 
+21 
-15 


gigWM. W A. Porounouth 

D7u5 BZ77 l 



CH9 1LU 

302 2 
29 1 * 
6?? 8 
641 S 
7510 
249 | 
1666 
182 I 
5809 
5660 
25*8 
2486 
772 3 
209 8 
W« 
4365 
2105 
3185 
1260 


♦ 1 I 

♦ I 1 
-l J 
-I 4 
+02 
♦0 2 


MERCHANT aaVESTORS 

Leon House. 233 HMh St Croydon 

01-686 9171 


EctSyTUnd 
Money Marina Bond 
Deposit Fund 

Managed Fund 
hm EorXiv 
km Managed 
Norm American 
Far Eatt 
■nr Currency 

NATIONAL PraWDCNT 
48. Greeechuoi St EC3P 3 mm 
01-623 4200 

2198 23t| 


294 5 
1*29 
2644 
2158 
2262 
2535 
235 3 
1263 
181 7 
143.7 




♦01 

-12 

-07 

-03 
-I I 
+44 
+34 
+30 
+47 
+40 


-15 

-35 

♦32 

♦0.1 

♦07 


mrgmamnal fund 

awg Soc UM Fund 


PROVIDENCE CAPITAL 
JO Uxoraoe Rd. WiZ BPS 
01-749 91" 

Eouay Fund Accum 1435 151 4 
Lam imarosi 102.2 1079 
I n ie nrai i uiLX tffiZ "Zl 

Managec accum 1167 1231 
Wccwty Accun 1456 1536 
Money Acttan 853 WO 

Specai Mrt Accum 920 981 
Japan Accun 80S 85 1 

N Ato AOCum V-'i BBS 
PatAc Accum 662 59 J 

Tecmotg. Accun 83 7 98 3 
Natural Res Accun 496 ST 4 
About Growth 127 4 1344 
Euocean Accun 66.7 70.4 

PWOVnjfwr MUTUAL 

25/31. Moor gam London EC2R SB* 
01-628 32B 

Manegec Ord 179 1 1885 
Managed MW 
EOuty Ord 

Equxy Irat «w. o.o 

tnOxd-LnklJ OR Ord 1019 1073 
Index Linked 0* Tot 95.6 1KB 
Oseas Equnr Ore 196.7 2086 
Owes Eoury meal "5 7 ib* 9 
properly CM 17*0 130S 

Property mnai iim 117 3 
Fired Im ore 1289 1357 

Fired M lirflai "57 1215 
Ospom Oni "84 122.5 

Deporai MK0 1045 "06 

PROVHKIALLIFE 
Sbamongon. Kant&d. CumCru 
0539 23415 
ManaaKl Fund 

Ciih Futo 
Property Fund 
Equty Fund 


1600 1893 
3238 235.6 
200 9 2115 


♦01 

*04 

♦ 05 
-00 

♦ 01 
*06 
+ 10 
+19 
*1 0 
-3.6 
+03 
+45 
♦ 05 


-04 

-05 

-24 

-23 

*00 

*00 

+23 

*26 

+0i 

*01 

-03 

-04 

+02 

+0.1 


Equra Fund 
FMWereM Fund 
kimitoMnai 
rtgn tname 
Far Eam 

North American 

Special Sits 
Technology 
Extra mcotne Fund 
Gm Fund 2D 


3G0.1 3755 
1881 1986 
1926 202.4 
3920 4130 
2073 3184 
1987 2094 
2506 2635 
211 3 2240 
237 5 2527 
3013 3174 
200 7 713 8 
1386 146.0 
2373 2416 


-1.1 

+03 

+0.5 

-13 

-0.6 

-12 

+43 

+05 

-15 

-0.6 

♦06 

-02 


*06 


PRUDENTIAL 
HOOorti Bon. EC1N 2NH 
01-405 9222 

Managed 154 1 1806 


R0VAL LIFE INSURANCE 

Nee Hek Pms. Uverpod [69 3H3 

081-227 4422 

HdyR Shield Fund 439 0 4662 -06 

ROYAL LRUMT L8MH) 


Managed Fund 
EqUry Fund 
Propeny Fuid 
kWHn a hon a i Fund 
Paata Busin Fund 
UrttM Sms Fund 
G4i Fund 
Money Ftrd 


1805 1895 
215.4 236 7 
133 8 147.1 
235 J? 2475 
116.2 1225 
111/4 (177 
1400 147 3 
1194 125.6 


-1.7 

-15 

-03 

♦40 

♦36 

+07 

•1.1 

+0.1 


GAVE ■ PROSPBT 
1. Rhstura AM UmdonfCZM 2QY 
0708 «W8 
B«l m* Fund 
Depost Fund CO 

GK Fund 

QoM Equity Find 
Propany Funs (46) 

AG Bond Fund 



Z74A 2666 
SMB 3440 
1876 2086 

W1 iS? 


15B6 1616 
angepere 6 MN B*J 881 
SnuAw QBcnprekM 2616 2766 
Tokyo Fuid 2338 346.1 

LW Equty 2843 27U 

CCMlSrd M0d 2865 8110 
Guy Pmonuy 2966 AT7A 


-16 

+li 

♦03 

+4.T 

*02 

+86 

+36 

♦06 

-06 

-14 



SCOTTISH EOUn«£ 

28k Si Andes Sq. E tMi mari GH2 
<m 556 9101 


Craft 

uideu-Llnfeed 


weed 
UKhqufty 
PiiuiiaAuiiiI 


9754 1026 
926 B76 
963 1015 
1075 1136 
1005 1063 
1170 1234 
IMS 1125 
1126 1MJ 
1284 1330 
1003 11M 
teas 1163 
Foreign tS/Omeaqr 1123 "63 

SCOTTISH LIFE INVESTMENTS 

ig si Andrews Sq. EdtnOwgn SO 
031-23 22" 


for 


Properly 

UK EtwPy 

American 

Paofc 

European 

tntraiuienN 

Fixeo mraresi 

kree< UMrad 

Depoe* 

Managed 


1075 "33 
1391 1463 
1353 1*5-3 
121 S 128 1 
1702 1703 
134 4 1418 
1028 1083 
96.6 10(8 
1071 1118 
124 7 1314 


TYF 

+013 

+07 

+06 

+03 

-10 

+10 

+15 

+&1 

♦0.1 

+26 

-15 

♦47 

1YE 


+26 
+01 
*23 
+3 7 
-06 
+ 1 I 
+02 
+16 



STANDARD UFE 

3. Geqrae SrteeL Eonougn EX2 2tt 

287 3 3025 -03 

1806 1902 +0l 

380 0 4000 -'2 

273 9 2873 +27 

1855 3058 -08 

107 2 I i+B -0 7 

1514 159 4 +02 

Amer Equity Accum 179 7 IBS 2 +38 

US Boraty Accun 1100 "SB +35 
JtOHi Accum 136.0 1412 -31 

Pecrac Accun 1083 "41 * ' 8 

Far Eaeaem Aocum 277 0 2916 +80 

hrumaaorwl Accun 271 T WEI -08 
US Dollar Accun 1O1 4 1088 +4 1 

Yen Accun 108 0 113.7 +40 

Euro Cu Accun 1O8A 1120 +3* 

OMnitoi Fuel 1463 1540 -08 


TBUK 

TO Bo* 3 Kern Hh. Andover. Haras. SP10 1P1 
0284 €2188 

-02 .. 


Managed Find 
Property Funo 
Fired imerau Find 
Moray Puna 
Eqmy Fund 


128.7 1334 
1162 132.4 
114 1 120.3 
112.4 HAS 
1550 1833 


SUN ALLIANCE 

Sun ARanou Hu. Hortdwm. 

0*03 6*141 


SCOTTISH MUTUAL ASSURAWE 
109 SI Vmcent SL GOrgo* G2 5HN 
0tl-3d 6321 

Flex Fund 05) 6608 681.2 +57 

KOTTtSH MUTUAL INVESTMENTS 

109. 6a Vacant SL Glasgow 
041-248 8321 


Safety Fund 
Growth Find 

25^ ^ 

European Fund 
G*a & Fxo Ira Fund 
tndex-vmiiea Fund 
Wamahamu Funa 


Pacta Fund 
F’ropertV Fund 
UK Equty 
UK Ematar 


1018 1085 
1026 108.4 
1055 I" 1 
983 10* E 
1*11 1498 
BBS 1040 
917 97 8 
1114 1184 
943 983 
1110 "76 
B93 10*6 
1000 1063 
106.1 111 7 


+03 
*06 
+03 
+02 
+ 1 1 
-oa 
+0* 
+30 
+16 
+54 
+01 
-12 
-06 


SCOTTISH PRCWBEHT 
S Si AUdnnre Sq. Eamugn EH2 2VA 
031-566 9101 


Mead 

Equvy 


Fireo nnereR 
tndax Unrea 
Cam 


123.7 (304 
1351 1*13 
13*3 1*15 

114. 7 INS 
T055 1"2 

95.6 100-7 
1086 "45 


+0* 
-13 
+2 6 
+01 
-05 
+07 
+02 


SCOTTISMinDONS 

TO Bo* 912. Ednowgft EHI6 5BU 

031-666 6800 

Inv Pol 1 374 1 +5,4 

Inv Pol 2 3463 36* 6 +52 

(nv W 3 3*00 3579 + 51 

Inv Cayi 1711 ifll 2 +05 

MraM Fund 19*0 204 3 -09 . 

Equty Fund 223.2 2350 -2.0 . 

Property Fund 1353 1*36 +02 

mamaiianai Fund iaoi >897 +13 

Fixed inmost Fuu 1635 1712 -I S 

fttoetw Sack Fin) 1K.4 107 9 -0* 

Caen Fund 1175 1343 +02 

WANDfALFE 

Frabener Hse. Netsans Gate. Soulf lU p to r SOS 
7BX 

0703 33*411 


Managed Accum 188 B 199 5 

Eouiy AfXum 20i*9119 

Inumanona Accum 2" 8 7709 
Property 
ArutraxM Mngd 
Breanraa Mind 
Fr a mangwh Mnga 
Garenore Mngd 
Nmnvn Ungd 
tsb Managed 
forth European 
Paata 

Ms Recov e r y 
Gth Phis Accun 
North Ametaun 
Depaw 



+13 
-20 
+11 
+02 
-1.1 
+04 
+1 7 
+05 
+05 


Managed Fund 
Etaaty Fund 
Fired hnerest Fund 
Mdex UnMO Fural 
Property Fi»w 
AhernaDonei Fund 

N American Fund 
Far East Fund 
Decant Fund 


3151 

1288 


1017 

"13 

i«.l 


3317 

4116 

2413 

1350 

2820 

2962 

107.1 

1172 

1736 


-06 

•02 

+02 


-03 
-53 
-09 
♦09 
+0 1 
+53 
+ 13 
+32 
+02 


Knenron u n a l Band 29431 3431 +069 


SUN UFE OF CANADA 
23A Cockw St SW1Y 5BH 
01-990 5*00 

Growm Accouni 6*47 -45 

Mmgsa AOCDuit 3562 *0 7 

Equty Accoun 451 7 +28 

Mngd Fund Accum 1080 1777 +04 

Equry Fund Accum 20*9 2157 +13 

Prop Fund Accum 138 5 143.7 +01 

Ro wan m Fund 1*4.7 1523 -1 1 

•no Fund Accum US 7 227.1 +4.7 

Money Find Accun 1214 1280 +05 

Mdx-ueui 5os Acc i0B < "1.7 


SUN LIFE UNIT 

Si James Baffin. Broun BS99 7SL 
0172 4288" 

Wanned Accum 3480 306.4 +0.1 

Property Accum 2064 Z17 3 +07 

Eouoy Accum 4755 5005 -4 1 

Fixed Im Accun 137.1 197 0 -05 

noex-uiked Accun 1064 7121 +15 

Caan Accun 1717 1810 +02 


TARGET UFE 

Targ« House. GahVniiH Ftoad. 
AMffiuy (02961 59*1 
American E3$e 


AWSPUY BucM 


Ccnwdly 

Deposit 

Enetgy 

Founaai 

Ftxnd torameflORel 
GoU 


1071 

1120 

-16 

971 

1023 

+01 

986 

1020 

-25 

1493 

1572 

+0J 

641 

870 

-16 

1586 

167 0 

-08 

1586 

1573 

+26 

1073 

"10 

-30 

1779 

1873 

-28 

231.3 2640 

+30 

1B20 

1920 

+92 

714 

712 

+1 fi 

3235 540 S 

-0.7 

B32 

878 

+12 

14Zffl 

1495 


1080 

1140 

+40 

1197 

1260 

-28 

2S8.1 

2665 


1696 

1782 

-4J 

76 


888 

883 

-37 

3605 389 1 

-120 

131.4 

138.4 

+36 

ISM 

143.7 

-10 


mtpnuaaDaJ Equity 
Japan 

Malay 3 Sugaptra 
Managed 

Managed Cunency 
Managed Prop. 
Paata 
Preference 
Propeny 

Sneoat Snuoaons 
Statsng 
Tewnotogy 
UK Equty 
US Special Bond 
Euro SAuahOrd 


TRAKSMIBINATI0IU1. 

1 Bream Bldgs. London EC4A 1NU 
01-831 7*81 

Senes 2 Man Find 229.4 241.4 
SanraZEoutvFuM 2775 232 1 
Senas 2 Prop Fund 2261 2379 
Saras 2FAM Fund 202,4 2136 
EMMS 2 Money I486 15*0 
EMMS 2 a was 2S2.4 23*0 
Ti*r kwest Fund 2157 227 1 
TUb Manga Funa 3148 331.1 
Mngd Inv Fd im 2186 2304 
00 Aoeun 2802 27X8 


♦25 

+06 

-at 

+0J 

+8D 

♦47 

+14 

+23 

+23 


London Hoed. 
0*52 J6541 

Fund 


UK Equty Fix'd 

MBh Yew Fund 

Ob Edged FdM 
Money T^md 



1302 1372 
1135 1192 


Well established Lloyd's Motor Underwrit- 
ers are seeking a qualified Solicitor with at 
least 3 years practical experience after 

London e¥ tt10 ' r te ® al d ®P artment 

The successful applicant must be experi- 
enced in both High Court and County 
Court personal injury litigation. 
Conditions of service include 20 working 
days leave, free medical insurance, pen- 
sion scheme and subsidised canteen. 
Salary negotiable according to aqe and 
experience. 

Apply in writing with full C.V ;o J.G. Rich- 
ards, Milestone Motor Policies at 
Lloyd’s, Central House, 32-58 High St, 
Stratford, London El 5 2PD 


Solicitors 


Severn Irani 
Legal Team for Central Area 

Area Sofeor 

£13,734^15273 pa. 

Assistant Area Solicitor 

£1237 5-£ 13.734 fxa. 

Based at Regional Headquarters, on ite 
South-Eastern ouisifflts of Bminghani, ite 
succssshja appficante wffl biSd a new team lo give 
general legal adwee to Jhe feur Certral Divisions 
serving West Midlands, Wtewictehire. Slaffordsttrs 
awl Lsffisstershire. The dries wd mdude general 
^«!nveyancing maaers. advising on Sevwn 
Treni'sactivilBs and conducting prosecutions ard 
County Court litigation. 

We warn gerasSsa wrth fively minds, prepared to 
tum then taierts to a wide variety ot legal aid 
[ nana 5»^piTWsms.ThsArraSofatorsiv^ 


Company/Commercial Dqpartment 
Litigation Dqpartment 

We are a substantial City firm but young enough and 
flexible enough to remain friendly and informal whilst 
offering outstanding career prospects to lawyers of high 
ability. That includes progress to partnership for people 
with the right qualities. 

Our company/commercial department and our litigation 
department are each looking for two able young lawyers. 
Both departments have a wide range of high quality and 
interesting work. 

If you have true professional commitment and can think 
creatively, we would like to tell you about the terms and 
career - prospects we hav e to offer 

Even if you are newly qualified, without relevant 
experience, bur are confident of your potential to become 
a lawyer of high calibre, we would still like to talk to you. 

Please write to Tony Leifer in our company/commercial 
department and Colin Joseph in our litigation department 
with a full c.v. 


gqanefcs. The Assflart Area Sotator should have 

gcxw general espenence ar artdes bm the posl coukJ 

suit a person racenay qujrtfed. 

*PPjl«»ntofra isna further details are available 
Services, Severn 

W,. ..m-7ft3j^ eaaTOaOT 

ucsjng oate; wi retruary ISGS. 


D. J. Freeman & Co., 43 Ferrer Lane, London EC4A 1NA. 


This rapidly expanding group of property of 
developers 2 nd contractors has created a new post 
in ihe Group Legal Department fora solicitor of 2 
or 3 years posi-ad mission experience to assist ihe 
Group Solicitor in the negotiation planning 
acquisition funding and disposal of ally types of 
property development and in advising upon 
building contracts and disputes. 

This post will involve working in a multi- 
disciplinary team on each project under time 
constraints and requires an understanding of the 
commercial appraisal of contractual risks and the 
ability to put 'legalese* into plain English. 

It will be essential for the successful applicant to 
have a thorough grasp of real property law and the 
ability to draft various types of contract 
documents and to work on several projects 
simultaneously. A working knowledge of tax law. 
employment law and litigation procedure will be 
an advantage. 

The commencing salary will be c. £1 3.500.00 per 
annum and a company will be provided. 

Interested applicants should send full c.v. to: 

G.M. Dunn, Esq., 

Group Solicitor, 

The Erostin Group, 

130 High Street, 

Newport Pagnell, 
Buckinghamshire. 

MK1€ SEH 


COMPANY COMMERCIAL 
SOLICITOR 

We are seeking one to four years qualified solici- 
tors for our expanding international commercial 
practice. You will have a good academic back- 
ground and have served your articles in a major 
London or provincial firm. Initially assisting 
one of our partners you will have the ambition 
and ability to cany your own caseload within a 
very short time and the capacity to progress 
rapidly to partnership thereafter. Salary and con- 
ditions will match any in London. Reply in 
confidence to Penman Smith 79 Knightsbridge 
London SW|. enclosing a full CV or telephone 
01-235 0222. Ref ST. 



un CATION SOLICITOR wilft 

•iDDrov s iiyn pqo n'+tlii*:* 
lion pxo-ru-nr- rraiuirrd at inn 
vn.il! inritiii-, \w Lonaort 

prurin-r (n W1U1 ■ U qoiri--, Jn l 

tandinrj a 4 q+TN-rxl 

lomnUT.1.11 rftrnrnK r 1 1 5 CKO 

- ™®«l rarap-rit u«* P+rxun- 
«*•' Oi sal 1281 .ztu nr-.i 


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TMITMB KaCiSTRATFi- COURT* COwwr+TlE 
COURT CLCftn iTtMPORAArr APPCMTftj+Mtf 
CC PAD 1-7 

AFOliCiilinnx. it. 1+riInio in- u+d (ram xmf.iI'K cia+xiiin'-l [+mt, n 
alHr In Ijfcr .01 I, pr- ui Cuurl+ —ilrvwil vu+'Iiimmii 

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utrfl vu Sntun U-Oux, On t, iv in,- tlnJw+S iTrt OtI 'ITv 

JJJH 




Badenoch & Clark 


SOLZC3TOBS 

COMPANY /COMMERCIAL to £18.000 CAPITAL MARKETS 

Out client- a medium sized Cir : ; irs. :> keen >q 
ftTngago Solicnors im* up 10 rtnee yean pqe n a 
van-dry oi demanding commeraa! -A-:.rk in S-s 
opandmg depamnar.!. The position:- ai-siuHe hav* 
o snong nnancidl bias and '+ould +u.: amnlums 
graduate lawyers vnih prawn exper.ence 

COMMERCIAL PROPERTY 
LAWYER— CITY to £17.000 

n^ivlv cjdmir,cd Sc-liciTor or aznbiL'iw :<jr drdj:« 

^ rnwc rn <j medium *l ?.; a pracncc toi'o Jiry 
Jo JjX-rITSi in a Jar^*-:- Ci?; »irm en.jr-j Mirren;, dr- 
oxcvlleni orporvuniB^ wirfi cu' cn-.r.r i ns 

■^cfndirg Lir. nrm :s Jcoting icr aori i:ar» u::-. 

Jcj'^niLC twfkijrjunif ■j.t.c uif: tA^-k I! 
und« Fr«»iL.Te on a uide range ar proper;.- a.jre-s 

Forde.'aiti oi ‘h^+d an j ?r posroye-.;. p.ea-v c pniacr John CoOea or JmHlh Fatwer. 

Legai and Financial Recruitment Specialists 
16-18 New Bridge St, London EC4V 6AU 
Telephone: 01-583 0073 


to £25.000 

We have been retained by a number ol leading 
Merchant. Investmeni and Inremjoonal Banks io 
pruude high calinre Sobniors tram leadmg Cin; hrms 
rar a •.■aneiv of legal adsnsory and cocumeniaiion 
P'^snions. which uBer exciong prospecii of moving 
iror.i-Lne hanking positions 

CORPORATE FINANCE to £30.000 

Or zriisll c r iwr, , 5 ! cror dienu. a Merthan: Bjnk and 
a urge Siockbroker. we are recruiting young 
Sikctar? m their mud id late 2 u‘i u-ho have served 
uith a substantial Ciij Inm Succcsilul 
landiiaiuj will become mwolvrd m merger^ 
dc«r-: : i 3 'MS and general corporate jrfvi»MV w:-rk 
w-:h ■n-.- run* and. lor ihe Siochbiuker. ihe w">rk will 
include U b M Istmgs 


WEJGHTMANS 

Wc are a major pro«-incial practice providing a 
comprchffnsi'c service to a wide range of profes- 
sional clients with an emphasis towards 
Insurance Company litigation of all types in- 
cluding Professional Indemnity work. 

"c are an old established firm, have achieved a 
substantial rate of expansion over the post ten 
years and our Partners arc mainly uoung and 
determined 10 provide a first class service to our 
Client*. Our offices are modem and the environ- 
ment vricndly. 

We therefore have an immediate need for two 
ambitious solicitors of sound academic back- 
ground and above average ability to assist us. 
L * solicitor of 3 years or more litigation expe- 
rience with a large City or provincial firm 
with ihe abiliiv to work under pressure and 
vv ilb minimum supervision. 

Salary guide fl5.000-f20.000 
2. A newly or recently qualified solicitor with 
good experience of litigation during Articles. 
Salary guide UG.000-fI2.000 

Previous relevant experience, although an ad- 
vantage m both posts, is not as important as a 
will to leam fast, work hard and succeed. 

In return for hard work we can olTer prospects 
for the nehi persons to progress lo Partnership. 
Liverpool, despite all yo may read elsewhere, is 
an area which offers low housing costs, good 
schools, superb recreational and sporting facili- 
ties and is within cosy reach of Ouster. North 
"ales, the Lake District and has good motorway 
links W ihe rest 01 the country. 

Please reply in writing with full C.V. to> 
k V. Summers. 

'k eight mans. 

Richmonii House. 

1 . K urn ford Place. 

Liwrpoo! L." 


LEGAL ADVISES FOR 
LIFE AND PENSIONS/ 


The right applicant would be expected to: 

1. Be qualified as a solicitor or barrister 

2. Have experience in Ihe life and pensions 
industry 

X Be appointed Secretary of M&G Life As- 
surance Company 

Company Limited and M&G Pensions and 
Annuity Company Limited. 

Initially, responsibilities would be drafting 
and vetting all legal contracts, vetting of poli- 
cies and literature, secretarial duties, 
product development branch properties. 
The applicant would be expected to work in 
the Administrative Office m Chelmsford. 

Salary - atconSng to age aad 
Please write to or 
telephone: 

Richard R Ccckrofl 
Managing Director, 

M&G Assurance Group 
Limited 

Three Quays, Tower HiB. , 

London EC3A EBQ. 

Tel: 01-626 4586 exL250. ttPwE&S Hfl j 


BROMLEY MAGISTRATES’ COURT 

APPLICATIONS ARE INVITED; 

Hi From Rarmh-rv Sulminra or pcnonj othtTUTV qiulifirf 
MiHkr IK- JuMKxV f Vrks' (OiuliFiftnuuii of A»Manlx) B«- 
iila ■ ii ms f« 7u. tor a Court LVrfc uho muu be catahUr ol 
tiki"! touro. nl all vW-npuurrs 
1-1 From BjmsK-rv SoJtOloiv hohJcn of Law Digim or othor. 
wiw miiuMx cxpcncTJo.tl pcoonv lor appoininuni a% 
iroirvv j „uii (lot, Applivanls musi ha,c unftk-rxtandnu of 
criminal la* and he mu.TOu.-d in ihe adnunisiraiion 01 juv 
lice in ihe Mupii rau-s" t oun. 

Cummcnivnieni J^ini of Ike vabn Kale *iD depend upon ihe 
qualiiiiaiiimt and expcneiKe of ine ukcvuIuI candidjin and 
i+llhin iIk- rang*; - 


ill Court 
Clerk; 


(2i Trainee 
Court 
Clerk: 


CC/PAD I - 12 f 81 78- £12072. 
(Experienced applicants ma\ ex- 
peel to commence ai Point 6). 
Plus London Weighting Allow- 
ance - £657 per annum. 

£3384 - £6753 Plus London 
Weighting Allowance -£657 per 
annum. 

The usual conditions of Service will apple- and 
interested persons should write lo the Clerk to 
the Justices at ihe above address or telephone 
Mrs. King for an application form which should 
be rciumcd by 15th February 1986. 

These po&ts are exempt from the LMGSC ring 
fence procedure hut applications from employ- 
ees of the GLC or MCCs in outer London with 
relevant experience will be welcome. 



cMSjm 



I7.j 
















THE TTM1 


GEC chief answers critics with £ 1 ,2bn bid for Plessey % 

Weinstock back in the takeo ve^ arena 


in thp P^,® owdei l lo cope with the expected 

the K °f ) J rat ? hire » boom on the arrival of 

head- commercial television, he 
prwh 1960s with his brought his son-in-law into 

takeovers of the family business. 

“if 6 *™ *od AEI, is Arnold Weinstock. by now 
*wKm the public eye. 30 and with some business 
<!. y£r h as b>6 £1-2 billion experience under his belt 
*b e bid, now on found what be described as 
ice as it was referred to the “a small business which bad 
Monopolies and Mergers little money, a clapped-out 
commission, was a dramatic Royal Ordnance factory in 
** u "is critics, who south Wales and old plant, 

been arguing for several but loyal managers and a 
years that GEC had lost its workforce of decent people." 
sense of direction. He can His single-minded drive to 
claim to have been biding his cut costs soon led to Radio 
tune, waiting for the right and Allied becoming one of 
moment to pounce. the industry's leaders. Every 

Lord Weinstock has a item of expenditure was 
reputation for being almost queried and either Weinstock 
obsessively parsimonious or his father-in-law signed 
with GECs money, refusing every cheque. From their 
to pay more than he consid- partnership also stemmed a 
ers is the right price. That passion for horse-breeding, 
attitude was ingrained in him His reputation spread so 
at an early stage in his career, quickly that when GEC fell 
He was born in 1924 in on hard times in 1961 it took 
north London. His father over Radio and Allied for 
Simon, a Polish emigre who £8.5 million so that 
'll earned his living as a tailor, Weinstock could come and 
died just five years later, run the combined group. 
Arnold Weinstock was or- That was the springboard 
phased soon afterwards and which enabled him to revolu- 
was brought up by his elder tionize the UK electrical 
brother, who . was a hair- industry, 
dresser. That campaign reached its 

He was evacuated in 1939 peak in 1967 and 1968 when 
to the Midlands, to stay in he persuaded the then La- 
the home of a man who bour Government to let him 
worked for AEI. Despite the take over English Electric and 


gf 




V::: 


iLi 




in, m 




■■ 

nu*>‘f . . 

ass 






to the Midlands, to slay in he persuaded the then La- - mi flr " “ 

the home of a man who hour Government to let him _ i ■ ...... 

worked for AEI. Despite the take over English Electric and Weinstock: m a king the headlines again 

disruption, his obvious ap- AEI, using the argument that tude. Lord Weinstock was to room, then working in ment to help to sort the 

titude for figures won him a the three-way merger was store up for himself a quite adjoining rooms, they would spirits company's strategic 

place at the London School necessary to give Britain an unpredictable series of criti- kick around the stream of problems. The offer was 

of Economics and then Cara- electrical company capable of cisms of a quite different ideas presented to them by spumed, 

bridge, to read statistics. “I competing with the world’s cast. GECTs see ming ly endless sup- It was at about time 

hadn’t enough background to giants like Siemens, Philips By generating ever more ply of talented executives. that Weinstock hit a tow 

do mathematics,” he says and General Electric of the massive products which were But as the years wore on point in his relations with 
modestly. US. neither ploughed back into they found it easier to find Mrs Thatcher. The board of 

He acquired his early Restructuring of British the business nor used to reason for not pushing into “the GEC", as Weinstock 

financial skills in the fast- industry was very much in finance takeovers, the com- new areas, or not taking a likes to refer to it, had over 

moving world of Mayfair the air under the aegis of pany in recent years has more public glance the years been populated by a 

property in the late 1940s. Harold Wilson’s Industrial amassed a cash mountain of Last year probably dis- succession of what would 

His brother found him a job Reorganisation Corporation, £1.6 billion. Most of it has played Weinstock at his most nowadays be classified as 

with Lewis Scott, the prop- who acted as the midwife for been invested in gilt-edged hesitant. GEC bought 3 per “wet” Tories like Lord 

erty developer and company spectacular fashion when stock, and Weinstock points cent of the shares in Distill- Aldington, Lord Carrington 

doctor. GEC began to declare thou- out that therefore the (ash is ers, the Johnnie Walker and the current chairman, 

Arnold Weinstock soon sands of redundancies follow- ultimately spent by the Gov- whisky and Gordon’s gin James Prior, 

became versed in the art of ing the mergers. emment in what should be combine now being sought by Weinstock then entered 

reading balance sheets, and Of course, it put Harold useful directions. But James Gulliver’s Argyll into a public row with the 

more importantly he had Wilson in an embarrassing "Anne’s Army” of fens in the Group and Guinness. prime minister over the 

drilled into him the three position politically. But it City have grown impatient This was accompanied by privatization of British Tele- 

iron roles for rescuing ailing also exposed Weinstock to for him to do something with an offer to use GEC manage- communications, which he 

companies. First, cut costs, public criticism in a way he the money himself. — - - 

..Secondly, cut costs. Thirdly, Had never experienced be- Ironically, Weinstock’s ab- 
fe’ut more costs. fore, and earned him a sence from the takeover 

In 1949 he made what was reputation for butchering jobs arena was not entirely of his 
to become arguably the most that hurt more than he cared own doing. More than 10 
important derision of his life, to admit The scars did much years ago he tried to buy 
to marry Netta, the daughter to deter him from embarking Cable and Wireless from the 
of Michael SobeU, one of the ‘on further large-scale merg- Government, but was re- 
pioneers in making television ers. If public infamy was to buffed, 
sets on a mass scale. be the reward for making Crucial to Weinstock's out- 

‘ SobeU sold his brand name industry competitive, then look during this period was 
and business to EMI, but why bother doing more than his long-running relationship 
bought back the factory and ensuring that GECs existing with Sir Kenneth Bond, his 
started a new company, business was run as well as colleague and fin»n<v» direc- 
Radio and Allied Industries, possible? tor. At one time sitting across 

In 1954, as he was gearing up But in adopting that atti- from one another in the same 


.aigued in the House of Lords 
a?d elsewhere was being 
g^en too much monopoly 
in its private company 
s °j*Pe. As a friendly gesture 
lOWkrds British Aerospace, he 
callSi GEC with the Euro- 
pean Vconsortium vying for 
W-estJapd - perhaps the most 
signinamt political takeover 
contest |n modern times. 

*i 985 has seen 
Weinstock. beginning to stir 
GEC into action. This was 
not unconnected with the 
retirement ot Bond in Feb- 
ruary. "Kenneth and I have 
worked in tandem." he said 
at the time. “Now I have just 
the bicycle, and a lot of other 
chaps are getting their bi- 
cycles too.” 

That translated imo the 
derision to set up a 2S-strong 
Board of UK Management, 
which many outsiders saw as 
a means of putting potential 
successors to Weinstock 
through their paces at dose 
to the highest level. 

Then be set up a vehicle to 
deploy large chunks of tbe 
cash mountain. Called GEC 
Finance, it amounted to an 
in-house merchant bank de- 
signed to seek out new 
investment opportunities. 

The bid for Plessey, 
though, represents a resur- 
gence of the old Weinstock. 
One of bis main motives is to 
forge a UK telecommunica- 
tions equipment maker ca- 
pable of rivalling any in the 
world, and he has warned 
that any resulting waste will 
be instantly attac ked. 

At 61, Lord Weinstock is 
still a long way from 
contemplating retirement 
But the successful blending of 
Plessey into GECs own 
telecommunications opera- 
tion could be his last legacy 
to be handed on to the next 
generation. It should also 
demonstrate his underrated 
ability to create as well as 
wield the knife. 


Valin builds loyal 
customer base 


William Kay 


Valin Pollen International, 
the public relations con- 
sultancy. has managed an 80 
per cent client retention rate 
in its six years of existence - 
one of die highest rates 
achieved in the industry - 
according to the chairman. 
Mr Reg Valin, in the annual 
report. 

The rapid expansion of tbe 
company means it will be 
seeking additional office 
space this year. It gained new 
business from 40 clients last 
year including Laura Ashley, 
the Stock Exchange and the 
Wellcome Foundation. The 
new Investor Relations di- 
vision had a very successful 
first year, contributing 10 per 
cent of the total income of 
Valin Pollen itself. 

VPI made pretax profits in 
the year ending September 30 
of £1.1 million and is 
expected to make at least 
£1.7 million this year. It is 
also expected to apply soon 
to move up from the Un- 
listed Securities Market to a 
full Stock Exchange listing 

•BLUE ARROW: Pretax prof- 
its of the staff recruitment and 
contract cleaning company for 
the year to the end of last 
October were £2.2 million 
against £411,000 last time. 
Sales were £34.1 million com- 
pared Vith £16.8 million the 
previous year. Brook Street 
Bureau which was acquired in 
October. Hs excluded from the 
lastest ngdres. A final dividend 
of 0.8p trhkmg 1.2p for the 
year is bong recommended 
against 0.6p last time. 

•NEWMAN TONES: 
Mckechnie Brothers, which has 
made a £59 million takeover 
bid for Newmaa Tanks, has 
bought another 1.75 million 
Newman shares hi the stock 
market taking its stake to 9.5 
per cent- The stock Market raid 
is continuing. 

•HILLARDS: On sales 6.9 per 
cent higher at £140.7 million, 
pretax profits of the Yorkshire 
supermarkets chain fell from 
£3.8 million to £3.6 million in 
die year to November 9. The. 


directors said that because of 
the cost of tbe new store • 
opening programme, this year 
should be seen as a year of . 
consolidation. An interim divi- 
dend of lp is being paid against 
0.8Sp Iasi time. 

•HOUSE OF FRASER: The 
lOO-acre Aviemoie Centre in 
Scotland is likely to be sold to 
Siakis, the hotels and leisure 
group. House of Fraser, the 
centre's owners, says Avicmore 
is peripheral to its main 
activities. 

•MORGAN CRUCIBLE: Bell . 
Resources, a company con- 
trolled by Mr Robert Holmes a 
Court, has a 7.1 per cent stake 
in Morgan Creicible. the indus- 
trial components group which 
is on the receiving end of a £41 
million bid from First Castle 
Electronics. 

•KLEINWORT BENSON: 
Standard & Poor has given 
KJeinwon an Al rating for its. 
commercial paper, making 
Klein won the first Bnusn 
merchant bank to receive a . 
rating in the United States. 
Goldman Sachs will act as 
dealer for the bank. 

•TV SOUTH: Pretax profits 
rose from £8.1 million to £8.9 : 
million in the year to October 
198$. Turnover was up 12 per - 
cent to £111.4 million. The 
final dividend is 6p, making a - 
total for the year of of op, 
against 6p last year. 

•GLAXO: Tbe liquidation of - 
Farley could cost Glaxo up to . 
£25 million in write-offs. The 
problems result Grom an out- 
break of salmonella in Farley's - ' 
baby food plant . The company 
is now up for sale but is 
unlikely to raise more than £15 - 
million against liabilities of 
£40 million. 

•BBA GROUP AUTO 
MOTIVE PRODUCTS: 
BBA has made an 
agreed £98.4 million bid for 
Automotive Products, the 
clutch and brake manufacturer * 
and distributor. BBA the 
Yorkshire industrial group, is 
offering a one-for-one share - 
swap with Morgan Grenfell ’ . 
offering a 150p a share cash 
alternative. Holders of 34.5 per 
cent of AP have already 
accepted. BBA is forecasting 
that profits for 1985 will be up 
from £5.4 million to £12.75 
million. 


Tax allowances change 
will help young jobless 


The number of part-time 
jobs’ for women continues to 
increase despite the high level 
of unemployment. By June 
last year, these jobs num- 
bered 4.34 million, or about 
46 per cent of all female 
employees. 

Full-time jobs formerly 
undertaken by youngsters are 
now part-time jobs for house- 
wives. For example, at the 
time of the last population 
census in 1981, more than 51 
per cent of shop assistants 
-mere female part-time work- 
compared with about 10 
per cent in 1951. 

There are many reasons for 
the substitution of part-time 
jobs for full-time jobs. Firms 
can increase efficiency by 
recruiting part-time workers 
to cope with the peak periods 
which arise in the service 
trades. Employers can also 
teduce their costs by using 
Part-time workers for the 
hours needed to earn just 
below the National Insurance 
1 threshold of £35.50 a week, 
'hereby avoiding employers' 
National Insurance contribu- 
tions. 

The part-time workers 
; rcd also gain because they 
avoid paying employees’ 
contributions. But the un- 
cmploved youngster seeking a 
full-time job as a shop 
tssisiani loses. 

However, the particular 
ausc of part-time employ- 
nent considered here arises 
’em the wife’s earned in- 
ame allowance for income 
ix. especially for the 1.8 
(illion wives earning less 
en £2.205 a year. It is tax- 
ficient for a housewife to 
crease household income 
taking a part-time job 
ming up to £2^05 a year 
cause this extra income 
I not be liable for tax. 
ariy. this is a powerful 


incentive to increase tbe provision of openings for 


Sun Life 


supply of labour. 

In 1980, the Chancellor of 


unemployed young people: 
Its second big objection to 


the Exchequer issued a green transferable allowances was 
paper on the taxation of based on privacy. When 
husband and wife which transferring any unused tax 
considered a revised system allowance to her husband, a 
of income tax allowances in wife would have to reveal her 
which the married man's earnings to him. 
allowance would be abol- It was noted that other 
ished, a single person s allow- countries in the European 
ance would be given to each Economic Community per- 
spouse. and any unused mit tbe choice of transferable 
allowance could be trans- allowances, or of averaging 
ferred between them. spouses’ incomes (as in 

Thus a wife who deeded Denmark, France and West 
not to seek paid emp oyemnt Germany) but it was not 
transfer a tax allowance suggested that there was 
of £2^05 to her husband if greater marital discord in 


she wished. 


these countries as a result of 


decade 


the lack of financial privacy 
h0 iTT VCS ^thin marriage. 

^ shoiildhouseholds in 
paid employment undo- the Britain be more likely to 
new scheme, but even if only ^ marital discord? Why 
haff of them did so. a should Aev ^ refilsed 
substantial number of jobs chance of having transferable 
wou d be released for un- aU OW ances if they prefer 
employed youngster* Hence ^ Icss ^ t0 J rel £miig 
the proposed revision in Onancial privacy? 
income tax allowances is „ 
attractive to anyone who „‘ he present system of 
wishes to reduce youth un- 3 J'°warces dates from the 


employment 


Second World War when the 


A new green paper on this mam ed women’s allowance 
topic is under preparation was increased to the single 
and it will be interesting to person s allowance to 
see how it deals with the encourage wives to go out to 
objections raised by a very wor ^- “ we think that we still 
powerful House of Lords nce ^ to encourage married 
select committee in its report won ? en to enter the labour 
on income taxation and equal market, as we did in the 
treatment for men and depths of war, then we 
women. should oppose transferable 

This committee accepted ■Itownnces. 
the evidence that the . Bu * «_ think that in 
transferable tax allowance umes °* mass unemploy- 
would reduce the supply of raenti especially among 
labour from married women youngsters, we should dis- 
and for this very reason it courage the supply of part- 
rejected transferable allow- time labour from housewives, 
ances. Implicitly it made the we should support transfer- 
non- basic value judgement fhle allowances. I adopt the 
that decreasing the number of “ti 61- new - 
pan-time jobs for housewives 

cannot be justified by the PEHart 



base I Racal profits slump 


uENDING 

RATES 

■N BANK 1 2'i% 

am & Company.. I2 1 

Cl 1 2* j% 

ibank Savingst— - 1 2 , J a b 
nsolidaled Crds...l2 , :°tj 
ninental Trust.... 12 i : q b 
operative Bank... 12*.:% 

oare & Co 12 '-';% 

-ds Bank ......... |21*% 

Westminster 1 2’/:% 

il Bank Scotland ! 2 
12'.^®b 

ink NA. 12'/;% 

rime Base Rate. 


Racal reported pretax profits 
for the 28 weeks to October 
1 1 of £23.2 million against 
£47.2 million in ihe 
corresponding period Iasi 
year. However, “much 
improved*’ group profit is 
forecast for the second half, 
and "very satisfactory" re- 
sults are predicted For 1986- 
87. 

The chairman’s July state- 
ment had forecast a' reduc- 
tion. It is directly attributable 
to the recession in the data 
communications industry 
coupled with the losses on 
i the accelerated start-up of the 
^ cellular radio service. 


The trading profit 
contribution from the data 
communications group is 
down by some £26 million, 
and the' net loss on cellular 
radio increased by £5 million. 
After deducting interest on 
the convertible loan stock, 
the profit contribution from 
Racal -Chubb exceeded £7 
million. 

Turnover at £612 million 
was up from £449 million 
excluding Chubb. Excluding 

cellular radio, trading profit 
was £41 million (£53 mil- , 
lion). A dividend will be paid 
on March 10. 

r 


The last ten years has been the most 
successful in our history 

With growth both rapid and consistent 

(Consider; lor instance, that dividends 
have grown by over 20% p.a. compound.) 

And thatin an industry thats as tough 
and competitive as any in Britain. 

Today, we’re one of the leading 
companies in the fast-growing financial 
services sector 

We’ve a dear business strategy based 
on innovation and service that will guide 
our success through the eighties and 
nineties. 

And better products, organisation and 
marketing skills than ever before. 

Our future looks bright We’d like you 
tobepartofit 


A 

Wir.fi 

mm 



IS 


SUN 

UFE 


Sun Life: our record ten years 

Dividends up over 20% pjz. compound 

Group fends up from £595 million to 
C3J267 million 

Premium income up from £86 million to 
£41 5 million 

Expansion in pensions, unit-linked, unit trust atui 
investment management sendees 

Naim the ‘Management Today \ City Growth 
League 1985* 

(Based on latest audited results) 

•August, 1985. 

For more information on one ofB main's 
most successful life and pensions offices, contact: 

Sun Life Assurance Society pic 
on Facdine, 01-606 7788 or write to 
107, Cheapside. London EC2V6DU. 


A major farce in British. Life for 175 years J-YEI 


KtOt-l.tws or 









ket at new high 


Tt yn Jan 27. Dealings End Feb 7. 4 Contango Day. Feb 10. Settlement Day, Feb 17 
§ Forward ba r g ai ns are per mitted on two previous days. 


Tin UatK* 

DAILY DIVIDEND 
£4,000 

Claims required for 
+52 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 


Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £ 40-000 in 
Saturday's newspaper. 



BREWERIES 


31 B 153 
.892 471 
81 36 
IDO 68 
57 a 258 

in ns 

530 407 "; 

435 225 
789 417 
590 270 
1 » ISO 
254 146 
325 225 
419 324 
- BS 59 
177 n* 
190 120 
. 93 57 
239 17 * 
338 106 
■194 126 
40 S 27 '. 
410 256 
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276 1 IB 
238 162 
435 270 
246 185 


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mail Dan 
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266 • 119 

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48 0*1 1.1 

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385 0 .1 200 h 

149 0-tf 7.0 
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435 41 107 

755 4110 l&fi 

585 4 229 

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190 A *2 72 

293 ri*2 TOO 

9*1 

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200 -3 

189 0*2 lOSh l 

£ 32 V 41.1 

3 EB « 158 . 

233 .. 102 

236 ..102 

196 919 I 

4 JS ..12 2 I 

205 • 94 


Haywood W*om* 182 +9 

»egn> A H 4 J 436 0*0 

I Beaodi Jchnaon 144 +4 

Jams (!) 1 Sons 273 
Lang (jj 299 *3 

0 oA- zas +3 

LnaranoE 0 *Mh 1 84 +1 

LBsy (FJ Ci 75 *42 

Low# (YJ) 300 • .. 

Magnet & South 134 ■+« 

Uaroara 161 0 .. 

Iinb 4 i (Hafeax) 163 
May & HssM 103 
McAIpna [(BOM) 308 *2 

Meyer tat 179 *44 

maw (Startay) 25 
Mask (A) 112 *«1 

MaMMUtP) 316 *6 

—UWM 798 •« 

NoandMi Bncfc 196 • .. 

Psmrair 121 

Phoenz TYnber 9 i 
Poctwia 330 * 4-1 

nuc 484 +i 

Badland 365 «+7 

Roberts MM ISO • . . 
Rowtnson Sees 37 • 

Huberod 211 +1 

as" :t? 

Sharps 8 Hsner 96 
StaBt fj) 71 • . . 

Tarmac 374 4-1 

Taylor Woortow 483 +7 

Taunr One 156 45 

Tram 8 Amold 32 a 
Tract 95 *3 

Turrtfl 160 

Waqptant 24 i *0 

Want 249 41 

Wi r ng m i 0 ) 82 42 

Wans BUM 178 • .. 

W WW Bros 72 

3<8 +2 

Wtnpey |Smp| 140 *-i 


ids 48 iaa 

157 69 9.0 
01 k 02 63 

5.7 45 11 7 
118 13 135 

08 34104 
109 88 .. 

0.4 1.7 48 

10 0 72 1S6 

5 4 7 7 868 
44 02 209 

329 38 125 
288 &2 75 
138 58 293 

48 68 182 

35 SI 156 

.. -.131 

44 88 72 

47 53 108 

571 .. .. 

4.4 29 258 

36 3.4 .. 

2.1 85 an 

221 48 101 

82 27 82 
7.9 S4 315 
81 92 89 
25 27 162 
44 7010.1 
42 52112 

48 72 79 
8 8 3.1 12.1 

88 72 181 
28 21 378 

7.7 25 21 
54 S6 101 

.. a .. 112 

28 49 27 

29 55 28 
188 48 118 

81 42 115 

250 02 94 

69 30 95 

89 21 92 
S2h 52 52 
58 71 118 
100 85110 
67 58 189 

109 89 118 

7.1 4 4 12.1 

S4p 52 . . 
121 32 104 

7.7 48 99 
07 28 .. 

93 88 151 
195 S2 218 
157 20 14 7 
98 4.7 148 

a 58 88 
46 35 
184 56 7.3 
189 89 108 
165 42 134 
86 6.7 129 
09 24 88 
11 1 58 112 

29b 59 114 
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62 07 150 
117 21 ISS 
214 44 131 
79 45 134 
118 84 11.7 
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25 “ 2! 

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57a 82 7.1 
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1.4a 19 144 

45 14 159 

49 83138 


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109 

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FINANCE AND LAND 


334 210 
133 128 
320 200 
T 5 I 70 
28 * 17 V 
218 in 
36 ID 
20 *. 16 V 
213 120 
T 93 91 

173 114 
47 37 

4 S>. 38 


A ti wgwe«ti 
A*an Hum 
Amrtagaas 
B ytty Tpcti 

Csmxwer 

OTta n 
Hanva 
hore A Sam 
HUM* 

Net Home team 
Da 8 % 


340 +2 19 08 .. 

171 0*6 110 64 72 

XU •+! 209 68 52 

119 *B 

£ 23 *. +V 157 07 .. 
213 .. 29 14 812 

20 .. ..II.. .. 

17 V • .. 18 74 79 

195 .. 100 54 365 

163 8-1 51 37 224 

157 .. 29 $7 225 

43 

£44 800 182 .. 


CHEMICALS. PLASTICS 


DISCOUNT HP 


203 90 IMM 


20 4.6 
.. a .. 328 


88 46 AmbechrajHanry) 88 +1 . . a . . 3BJ 

321 1 B 4 V MHa .7 228 • -$ 159 85 .. 

18V n amta mri cM es*. •-% 


15 '; 8 V M 
290 215 BM 
444 351 V Ml 
479 332 M 


Onralafld 365 
Lamql MW £ 0 V 
Land UK 230 
WSaWd 387 
M 448 


.. 189 70107 

.. 189 b 49 89 

+1 249 58 24 


LOCK 

INTO 

BIGGER 

SALES 

IN THE 

SUNDAY 

TIMES 

To ad vert ise your car. holiday 
home or property for sale in 
The Sunday Times Classified, 
fill in your advertisement in 
the space below. I Longer 
messages can be attached 
separately). 

Rates are: £9.50 per line 
lapproximateVy 4 words, 
minimum 3 lines). 

£ 56.00 per s.e.c. lull display 
Plus 15 % VAT. 

Prior to your advertisement 
appearing we will contact you 
with the cost and confirm the 
date of insertion. 

PAY NO POSTAGE. Send to 
The Sunday Times. Classified 
Dept.. Freepost. London 
WC! 4 BR. 


43 V 23 ** AKZO N/V Straw 

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29 20 Coot O aconcry 

62 52 COOK (MM 

396 230 V COOkson 
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306 218 Engksh CMa CUf 288 

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121 99 GBSMBtar 106 

124 64 Qtivas 124 

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CINEMAS AND TV 


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I Kennedy Brookes 230 
I LMbraka 323 

3 LOT Park HOW 447 
r Mourn ciortoea 86 V 
3 Prtioa Of « How* 68 
IV Onana Mo® 60 
I Sew* HOW -a 378 
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36 10186 

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.190 120 Anpta TV -A - 
6 « 28 Granpan 
IBS 118 HTV H/V 
301 21 H LWT MOgs 
198 128 Scot TV 4 " 
175 110 TVS N/V 
33 21 T5W 


180 42 139 89 133 

21 .. 24 86 S 3 

IBS . 42 116 59 84 

293 0 .. 206 76 119 

188 • .. 127 84 80 

ITS *5 114 55 102 

3 ? • . . 24 75 89 


INDUSTRIALS 


DRAPERY AND STORES 



Dnytirtie Telephone: 


ELECTRICALS 


v Barelaycanl 

lumber. * 


537 175 AH Bad 
232 S3 M W! 

285 48 IbmGtaWBS 

87 28 MM 

3B3 185 AOmcGonv 
60 29 AadsHdak* 

200 138 AuCD Sac 
275 185 BKG 
va 43 BSR 
484 308 BB rtm 
2DB 104V Bt Twacon 9CP P 
87 n* Breton Bmi Kara 


11.4 45 179 
13 OS 179 
2.1 27 83 

24 16 139 

.. .. 1*9 

19 13 11.1 
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24 b 29 jU 

82 21 ft* 

99 84 fc 2 

aa 48 103 


232 *3 

350 *5 BBb 25 44 0 

26 V -V Zflh 75 G 5 

265 •+* 65 

145 «*2 142 

78 • .. 40 

97 45 V 48 

123 86 

157 • .. 64 

209 *5 2.4 

38 

180 89 

Z 78 45 164 

249 43 96 


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THE TIMES WEDNESDAY JANUARY ?Q tog* 


wtt ▼ ^ FOOTBALL 

Wallace is handed a roving commission 


% 

x. 


■5*! 


By Stuart Jones 
Football Correspondent 

Bobby Robson is looking 
for trouble. Not from Egypt 
England’s opponents here in 
Cairo this afternoon, but 
from his own side. Although 
be described it as “highly 
representative of the 
country's best players”, he 
admitted that it is not the 
team he would have selected 
had. 13 of his squad members 
not been ruled out. 

But he added that “no-one 
is certain to go to Mexico for 
the World Cup finals. Every- 
one has a chance. Because of 
the unusual circumstances at 
' borne, one or two have now 
been given an opportunity to 
- show me what they can do. 
They could pose me prob- 
lems. 1 hope they do.” 

His comments were thrown 
as if they were a challenge in 
the direction of Cowans in 
particular, and Wallace. Since 
taking over from Ron Green- 
wood m 1982. Robson has 
been searching for a satisfac- 
tory balance to his planned 
attack. So far the left side of 
it has been either inadequate 
or inconsistent. 

Moriey, his opening pref- 
erence as a winger, was 
almost immediately rejected. 
Barnes, his eventual succes- 
sor, reached golden heights in 
Brazil 18 months ago but 
neither be nor more recently 
Waddle have since persuaded 
Robson that they are the 
answer to the sinister ques- 
tion. Now Wallace has come 
in “out of the blue”. 

“It is very rare for anyone 
to go straight in,” Robson 
said. “I want to see if be can 
step out of the under-21 
bracket and perform at senior 
level.” If Wallace's display is 
as explosive as his arrival, he 
could become overnight an 
unexpected prospective can- 
didate for the party in 
Mexico. 

Wallace, who has scored 1 1 
times in IS games as a 
central striker for Southamp- 
ton, will be allowed to roam, 
“to pop up in the holes that 
appear and to hunt for 



CP 9 



- V T i 
1 . 'jry. 









libpes 
to be folly 
fit within a week 

B> David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Rorv 


Wish 

goals”. His principal role, 
though, will be to supply 
ammunition and particularly 
for Hateley in the air. 

In midfield Robson looked 
initially and briefly at Rix. 
Armstrong and Hunt were 
subsequently given passing 
glimpses and Devonshire's 
promise was cut short by 
injury. So. apparently, was 
that of Cowans. After win- 
ning his seventh cap, he 
broke his leg in a pre-season 
tournament in Spain two and 
a half years ago. His inter- 
national career seemed to 
have come to a close. 

It is about to be re-opened, 
perhaps dramatically so. In 
the airless and exhausting 


you were here: Robson and 
heat of Mexico, Robson 
should draw his designs 
around a line of four rather 
than three in midfield. Ide- 
ally with Wilkins at the rear. 
Bryan Robson at the head 
and Hoddle to the right, the 
shape would be more like a 
diamond. 

Robson is, nevertheless, 
persisting with the same 
formation and, despite rife 
absenteeism, the same de- 
fence. The back four are 
linked together for the fourth 
successive time. During the 
previous four and a half 
hours, the protective shield 
they have buill around 
Shilton has been broken only 
once, by the Romanians in 


his England party build a wall amid the wonders of Cairo 
Bucharest last September. 

The midfield are relative 
strangers to each other. Wil- 
kins, who will lead the side, 
fractured his cheekbone be- 
fore Cowans made his debut 
Within seven months they 
had changed places. Now for 
the first time the two Italian 
exiles are paired with Steven 
who has not completed any 
of the last nine games. 

The front two of Lineker 
and Hateley is the only 
combination in today's line- 
up that Robson seems likely 
to take into the World Cup 
finals as his first choice. With 
a dozen goals between them 
in a mere 1 8 full appearances 
so far, they have emerged as 


England's sharpest and most 
dependable spearhead. 

It will be encouraging if 
they pierce Egypt's armour 
more than once or twice. 
Morocco, one of England's 
toughest opening opponents 
in Mexico, were held to a 
goalless draw here during the 
qualifying stages and the side 
now under the charge of 
Mike Smith, once the man- 
ager of Wales, is known to be 
defensively efficient. 

The Egyptians also have a 
reputation for fierce, and at 
times illegitimate, aggression. 
During the last Olympic 
Games, for example, three of 
them were sent off in a tie 
against Italy. Robson, who 


points out that most if n ot an 
of his representatives “can 
take care of themselves”, is 
not concerned 
Yet he admits that the loss of 
Bryan Robson, his powerful 
and inspirational leader, is 
severe. “I saw his perfor- 
mance at Roker Park last 
Saturday and it was remark- 
able. quite remarkable, and it 
was a tragedy that he was 
sent off. 

TEAM: P Shilton (Southampton), G 
Stevens (Everton), K Sansom 
(Arsenal). G Cowans (Ban), M 
Wright (Southampton). T Fenwick 
tQPRt. T Steven (Everton). 
Wiliuns (AC Milan, captain), M 
Hateley (AC Milan), G Lineker 
(Everton). D Wallace (Southamp- 
ton). 


Temperature rises as Poles 
argue over cup build-up 


It has been a hard winter 
work-out for the Polish 
Worid Cup squad in their 
■ mountain retreat of Wisla. 
The ground is roughly the 
same altitude as Monterrey, 
but that is where the similar- 
ities end. Antoni Piechniczek, 
the. team manager, spreads 
his hands like a Cardinal: 
“The daily average tem- 
perature for the past 39 years 
is about 30 degrees centigrade 
in Monterrey. That means 
closer to 40 degrees at playing 
time ... all we can do at this 
stage is boost the stamina of 
the squad.” Training in 
Wida, where thick ice dogs 
and even the horses have 
proUems keeping their grip is 
rather like rolling in the snow 
before entering a sauna. 

With his flushed face, 
abrupt manner and the roll- 
ing walk of a boxer, 
Piechniczek looks confident 
enough. His record is not 
bad:; since taking over as 
manager five years ago he has 
led the Polish team into 50 
matches, with 21 wins, 14 
draws and 15 defeats. The 
team has developed a certain 
style, a flair that is missing 
from other East European 
squads, even the powerful 
Soviets. But his biggest 
achievement — Poland's third 
place in the 1982 World Cup 
- has led to the usual 
inflated hopes. Nobody 
breathes down Piechniczek's 
neck any more, but every- 
where in Poland there is the 
unspoken hope that “the lads 
will do better this year”. 

Poland do not have to do 
much to get into the second 
round. A convincing enough 
win against Morocco, their 
first match, would guarantee 
they would go through thanks 
to the statistical quirk which 
allows the first three of the 
group to progress. Still, there 
are problems. The first is a 
lively argument about how 
best to prepare the squad for 
a move to higher altitude. 
The second is England. 


From Roger Boyes, Warsaw 

Poland's leading player. 
Zbigniew Boniek, currently 
with AS Roma, opened up 
the Monterrey debate in a 
-Polish newspaper interview 
earlier this year. “Those who 
come to Monterrey only for 
the second round will have 
about a 40 per cent advan- 
tage over us. They will come 
with fresh reserves of oxygen 
and fresh blood cells. Arriv- 
ing at lower altitudes does 
not need big adjustment — on 
the contrary, it adds energy 
... I don't see how we will 
be able to leave Monterrey 
and properly face those 
t e am s , who will have been 
there in the mountains for 
two or three weeks. There's 
no chance of a quick adjust- 
ment when you go higher.” 
Boniek's solution would be to 
train at the higher altitude. 
“It's true that this would 
increase the cost but I think 
it would pay off.” 

Piechniczek disagrees, and 
the doctors seem to support 
him. “If we adopted Boniek's 
suggestions, we would have 
to adapt first to altitude, then 
to temperature. It's like this: 
Is it better to swim a river 
and then run up a mountain 
or swim a river, have a rest 
and then climb a mountain?” 
Either way, it’s a gamble. 

England. Piechniczek con- 
cedes, will be the toughest 
competitors in the group. Yet 
almost all of the pre-World 
Cup preparations are geared 
to Italian or Latin Am eri can- 
style football. The Polish 
squad has moved for 10 days 
to Camanino, 200km outside 
Rome, and a few friendlies 
with second or third division 
I talian clubs have been lined 
up. There had been plans for 

g mes against AS Roma. 

oteborg and Innsbruck, but 
these have fallen through. In 
February, the squad goes to 
Argentina, where some local 
matches and an international 
football tournament in 
Gordoba are planned. On 
February 16 Poland play 


McStay 

lifts 

the Scots 


Outlaws’ arrested 
progress 

From Ivo Tennant, Johannesburg 


Uruguay, on March 26 there 
is Spain and on May 16 
Denmark. The Copenhagen 
fixture is the nearest Poland 
will come to preparing for 
England; for the most part it 
will be video instruction. 

The Polish squad has a 
core of internationally experi- 
enced players and young 
ambitious men such as 
Dariusz Dziekanowski and 
Roman Wojcicki. The av- 
erage age of the squad is just 
over 23, and though there are 
rumours of splits and rival- 
ries, they do not seem to add 
up to much. “We leave all 
that behind in the 
cloakroom,” Dziekanowski 
said. The players are well 
rewarded. 

For a point scored in a first 
division match, players re- 
ceive between J 2 and 23,000 
zloties in bonus — about the 
average monthly wage in the 
nation. For participation in 
the three qualifying matches 
against Greece, won 4-1, 
Albania (1-0) and Belgium (0- 
0), the players received 
100.000-zloty bonuses (about 
£500). But that is only the tip 
of the iceberg. There is 
assistance with finding spa- 
cious apartments and buying 
cars. The reward for getting 
to the second round of the 
World Cup in Spain was said 
to be $40,000 shared among 
the players and for the third 
round $50,000. Even divided 
among the whole squad that 
is a great deal of money for a 
young Pole. 

Poland meanwhile earns a 
great deal from World Cup 
participation: some $600,000 
from the first round. 

Goaaceepers: J Kazfmierski, J 
Wandzik. 

Defenders: K Pawtak. R Wojctefci, 

K Przybys, M Ostrowski, W 
Wateszczyk. 

Midfield Players: A Bunco!, J 
Karas, R Komomicki, J Urban, W 
Matysik, R Tarastewtez. 

Attackers: D Dziekanowski. A 
Palasz, A Zgutczynski, W 
Smotarek, J Fuook, K Baran, M 
Okonski. 


Israel 

Scotland. 




■•■■•••■a 


Scotland launched their 
countdown to the World Cup 
finals with an undistin- 
guished victory over Israel in 
the eerie silence of an almost 
deserted Ramat Gan stadium 
in Tel Aviv yesterday. 

Paul McStay. whose two 
goals against Iceland set 
Scotland on the road to 
Mexico 15 months ago. 
scored again, after an hour to 
earn the Scots a narrow win. 

McStay. the 21-year-old 
Celtic midfield player, was 
the outstanding player on the 
field and one of the few 
successes in a Scottish team 
who did admittedly improve 
as the game progressed. 

Of course, there were 
excuses in that Dalglish. 
Souness and McAvennie 
were all unavailable, but that 
cannot really excuse an or- 
dinary Scottish per forma nce. 

During the opening 45 
minutes. Scotland’s best ef- 
forts were a seventeenth 
minute free kick from Nicho- 
las which was well saved by 
the Israeli goalkeeper. Ran. 
and a blistering shot by 
Miller which was equally well 
saved. 

The second half looked like 
following the same pattern 
until there was a hint of 
belter things to come in the 
55lh minute when a Bannon 
cross was despatched into the 
net by Miller, only for the 
effort to be ruled offside. 

Scotland manager Alex 
Ferguson was not displeased 
by his team's effort. He said: 
“We won and that's given us 
confidence. This was the first 
match in our build-up to the 
World Cup Finals and we 
tried a new system. 

“Apart from the first hajf 
hour 1 thought we played it 
well and as the game pro- 
gressed we got better. You've 
got to learn from these things 
before you become perfecL 


They may be outlaws from 
FIFA, but enthusiasm for 
football in South Africa is 
unabated. Take the Liverpud- 
lian who learned his trade 
under Bill Shankly and who 
has now teamed up with a 
black millionaire to fashion 
an all-African team of ball 
jugglers that last season won 
the continent’s equivalent to 
the FA Cup. Black mil- 
lionaires and Liverpudlians 
are. not surprisingly, as rare 
in football as they are in the 
country at large: natural ball 
skills among the African race 
are noL 

It is a sporting anomaly 
that the game here, which is 
dominated almost entirely by 
black players, is not accept- 
able to the world football 
community. Fraser's Celtic 
were third from bottom of 
South Africa's National Soc- 
cer League when Petros 
Molemela, a 52-year-old en- 
trepreneur who made his 
money in construction, the 
hotel industry and the sale of 
bottles, and enjoys preening 
himself before his club’s 
crowds, invited Dave Rob- 
erts, ex-LiverpooL Tranmere 
and Wigan, to show his boys 
how things are done at 
An field. 

Roberts had led a nomadic 
life on the pitch as well as off 
iL He had started his career 
at centre forward, but then 
moved to the centre of 
defence. At Liverpool he 
lived in the shadow of Ron 
Yeats. His career bad still to 
take off when, at the age of 
29, be was offered the chance 
to coach in Kuwait or at 
Weymouth and chose to go 
to the Middle East. When bis 
contract was not renewed 
after 5 years, he journeyed to 
Zambia, where his club soon 
found they could not afford 
him. 

So Roberts was approach- 
ing middle age and the 
meridian of obscurity when, 
while he was negotiating with 
an African club called 


AmazuluL some waiters in 
his Durban hotel informed 
the owners of Fraser's of his 
presence. Soon afterwards, 
Robert was asked to take 
over. 

The club is in Bloem- 
fontein, a bastion of the 
Afrikaaner. Some people ad- 
vised Roberts not to go: the 
English, reportedly, were not 
popular there. In practice he 
found Afrikaaners got along 
with English South Africans 
better there than anywhere 
else. 

Crowds at Fraser’s crowds 
were down to fewer than 

2.000 when Roberts became 
their manager in May 1984. 
In his first season he took the 
dub — named after their 
sponsors and Glasgow Celtic 
— to eighth place in the 18- 
dub National League. Last 
season they finished third 
and won the country's knock- 
out competition, the Main- 
stay Cup. A crowd of 62.000 
attended the final at Ellis 
Park in Johannesburg. 

For one game at the Free 
State rugby stadium. Fraser's 
Celtic were watched by 

40.000 spectaters which, Rob- 
erts says, was a bigger crowd 
than the rugby club had 
attracted all season. Non- 
competitive matches are 
watched by larger crowds 
than perhaps anywhere in the 
world 

“Blacks have taken to 
football in a way that they 
never have to rugby or 
cricket,” Roberts says.“They 
are supple and the majority I 
encounter have more talent 
than their counterparts in 
England. Blacks from all over 
Africa want to play in South 
Africa as the playing con- 
ditions here are better. We 
are the only professional side 
in the League and pay good 
salaries.” 

Roberts, aged 41, is the 
best-paid coach in South 
Africa, earning around 
£30.000 a year. 


ATHLETICS: DEFENCE OF TITLES THE OBJECTIVE 

Cram dresses up his training 




Steve Cram will have 
plenty of offers for alter- 
native work when he gives up 
athletics, but MC (Master of 
Ceremonies) in a Northern 
strip club is unlikely io be 
one of the jobs. Yet there he 
was yesterday, treading the 
boards in a London hotel, his 
Geordie accent ringing 
through the microphone as 
Shireen Bailey stripped off in 
from of leering journalists. 

Before this gets completely 

out of hand, let me add that 
Mrs Bailey was joined in her 
act by Charlie Spedding and 
Derek Redmond, and the 
three international athletes 
were simply taking off their 
tracksuits to display the new 
England 3nd Britain kit for 
the- next five years. Cram, as 
the leading British performer 
contracted io Nike, the 

sportswear company which 
has won the deal (worth 


By Pat Butcher 

£80.000 per year), was acting 
as a front man of a different 
type to that which he 
displayed on the tracks 
around Europe last year. 

This summer season will 
be of a much different order 
for Cram. Last year, he was 
free to go in pursuit of world 
records, and took three of 
them, the 1 .500m. the mile 
and the 2.000m before Said 
Aouita dispossessed him of 
the first. But priority for 
Cram this year is retention of 
the European and Common- 
wealth 1 .500m titles, with 
which he emerged as a world 

class winner in I9S2. 

The additional challenge 
for Cram will be an attempt 
to double up at 800m and 
1.500m in the Common- 
wealth championships in 
Edinburgh. He said yes- 
terday: "I’ve always wanted 
to have a go at winning an 
800m championship, and the 


reason why the Com mon- 
wcalth appeals is that, firstly 
the programme of events 
permits doubling up. and 
also, being in Edinburgh. 1 
can commute from home (in 
Newcastle).” 

But Cram went on to say 
that he would not get into 
selection arguments or run- 
offs to gel the 800m nomina- 
tion. 

Cram's immediate plans. 
ha\ ing recovered from a knee 
injury which forced him into 

three week's rest from run- 
ning over Christmas, are to 
run in the Durham Cathedra] 
4x2.5 mile road relay in two 
week's time, compete in the 
nine mile national cross 
country in Newcastle on 
March I. then run the 
Northern 12-siagc road relay 
before going for his annual 
three week's altitude training 
in Colorado in April. 


IN BRIEF 

Wane hoping 
to play on 

Shaun Wane, the Wigan 
front-row forward, is hoping 
to avoid suspension when he 
appears before the disci- 
plinary committee in Leeds 
tomorrow (Keith Mackiin 
writes). Wane is the captain 
of the Great Briiain Under- 
21 team who piay France at 
Whitehaven on Sunday. 

Great Britain have dropped 
two players from the side 
who were surprisingly beaten 
19-6 by France under-21 at St 
Esteve. The Wigan scrum 
half Michael Ford and the 
Hull forward Andy Dannati 
are left oul 

FOOTBALL: Mario Kempe. 
the top forward of the 
Argentine national side that 
won the 1978 World Cup, 
was scheduled to arrive in 
Austria last night to piay for 
the second division dub 
Vienna. Vienna officials said 
they hoped that Kempe 
would boost sagging atten- 
dance figures 


CRICKET 


. Underwood. 
England's left wing, will miss 
Leicester's game against Lon- 
don Scottish on Saturday 
after straining an Achilles 
tendon during his club's John 
Player Special Cup win 
against Coventry Iasi week- 
end. 

It is hoped he will be fully 
fii within a week and 
available for Leicester's 
fourth round tie on February 
8 against either Broughton 
Park or Vale of Lune who 
play their postponed tie on 
Saturday. 

However, he will be unable 
to participate fully in 
England's scheduled training 
at Twickenham this weekend 
but he should have proved 
his fitness by the time 
England travel to Scotland 
tor the Calcutta Cup game of 
February 15 — their next Five 
Nations engagement. 

.Wales confirmed vestendav 
mat Stephens, the Bridgend 
Prop, will be fit to take his 
aJl Ce a ? a replacement 
?h?« *° l,and 31 Cardiff 
35.H lurday - Stephens, who 
^Jdrew from the Welsh 

SSf England bc- 

01 a damaged calf 


muscle, played in Bridgend's 
Welsh Cup win over 
Duns am and trained with 
the national squad on Mon- 
day evening. Fears over the 
fitness of Whitefooi. the 
Cardiff prop, have also been 
allayed: he had influenza 
over the weekend but should 
take his place in the side. 

Stese Smith, the former 
England scrum half, has 
resigned as coach to the 
England colts after only a few 
months in the job. The post 
will be filled by another 
Smith. Graham, who took 
Cumbria to the final of the 
colt county championship 
three years ago and has 
considerable experience as a 
colts selector. 

He is also Rugbv Football 
Union senior staff coach and 
it is the RFU's hope that all 
appointments to national 
sides, at junior as well as 
senior level, may be filled bv 
qualified senior coaches who 
will thereby gain experience 
to qualify Lhem for higher 
appointments. The final of 
this season's colts county 
championship is due to be 
played, weather permitting, at 
Dover on Saturday between 
Kent and Yorkshire. 


aim 

•m^t a perfect record 

saaasK 

hoping to T »ufo w eir cei ?lros, one of whom, 
foe unbeaten record K.!?S ,n ' oun & « ^ captain of the 

side ' The lwo halves. 
5“***®. ^one 0 S Mallalieu and Turton. were 
BelgiJS ? ? pped Iasi 563500 and 
and the NethertanJ tu?Sl Tur1on «s said to rival the 
and schookides ' 

land (24-13) and ? /cot- 


side « stand in 


Turton is said 
skills at scrum half (at a 
comparative age) of Nigel 
Mellville. another 

> orkshireman and now 
England’s championship cap- 
tain. 

None of the four English 
regional teams to have played 
._ die Australians have had 
Britain. Indeed, -of the f 0 ir much by way of possession to 

Australian schools tour, here show wheih er thev can do 

only one game has been W more than defend. 'However, 
by foe 1973-4 side. There ar „ meir forwards have rerieved 


18 group 

(David Hands «t£ Wa >‘ 
Should they do Sl j 
will be the third pan.' i. hey 
thefr country to enfcv™ 
broken success on u; Ur 


only two changes from 
side that beat Ireland on New 
Year's Day. 

Over the weekend while 
foe Australians were beatinz 
j the Dutch youth, the EngfemH 
schools trained together at 
Crystal Palace. They have 
also worked at Dulwich 
School, having stayed to- 
gether since last Saturday’s 
trial which saw eight mem- 
bers of foe South and South- 
West squad promoted to full 
England caps. 

The South West kept foe 
Australians to a winning 
margin of 15-0 mainly 


coaching assistance from 
“°l er (Juicy, foe London 
Mrnor divisional coach, and 
Philip Keith-Roach. the for- 
Rosslvn Park hooker. 
;na they win hQpe for 
^ough ball for their backs to 

fej heir QMKiv. 

18 GROUP: S Pitanro 
•S® “SW S 
' P Young 

li* S? Captan). S Prince (Roy* 
T UndervKiod 
>l~. rf* 38 *’- M Mallalieu (Sate 
frees--., * INwmanror 

Rrr. 'sf-**? « Brenaons Sixth 
e). = iE»mer CoL 

*a: fc j5^f£5fS2*l- J Honobin 


.-•Cfteg*] 

i Scotland) 


David Hands interviews Pavia Sole 


Scotland the choice 

for a rising star 


It is inevitable that David 
Sole will be labelled in 
English eyes as the one that 
got away. Since 1983 England 
have been casting round for a 
loose-head prop to succeed 
Collin Smart, using seven 
players in ttae position, and 
all the while Exeter Univer- 
sity and Bath have been 
nuturing Sole's skills on 
Scotland's behalf. 

David Michael Barclay 


snch limited 
experience. 


'itst-class 


Toronto .tom 

he jL h i n 
establish a regular 

possess,on ‘ T ° Ws ? 

w ” *elec£TY- 

-TluT 

Sole will win bis second cap appeared that Alex' BwHL* 1 
against Wales in Cardiff on bad overhauled hb^T***^ 


was 

Scotland’s 
America last 


against 

Satnrday, having opted for rankings but, 
his mother's country. His start to this 


. m the 
when u*-, 
season 


father, and Englishman and delayed by faradne 
Cambridge blue at hockey, meats. Sole forced hi?i n ' 


was working in London when “>to Bath's front row T*? 
vouug Sole was born in not looked hack. ^ 

Aylesbury, but the family 


moved 

David 


to 

was 


Scotland when 
eight. He was 


His form 
that Bath 


•as been 
have 


such 


educated at Blairmore in Chifcott to tight head fthmJit! 
Aberdeenshire and England would prefer ^ 

Glenalmond before taking a Playing °n foe other side 
three-course in economics and ,, e scum). It is not iue* 


agricultural economics at 
Exeter. 

“I always wanted to play 
for Scotland,” Sole said. “I 
played for the Scottish 


-- .... nHiui. 1( |C (in. • 

“'srrasfS 

pression in th e loo*! S" 
enjoyment of having^ 

,D b* hands ^ perhaps™ 11 


Schoolboys (in 1980 when his hangover from his early dav^ 
caotain was Gavin Hastings. a * ytenalmood when. 


Runs are hard to find 


The England B batsmen 
found run-making difficult 
against an accurate Sri Lan- 
kan spin attack on the third 
day of their second four-day 
game yesterday. The touring 
side. SI for no wicket 
overnight, added 219 runs off 
92 overs to reach 300 for six. 
128 behind Sri Lanka's first 
innings total of 428 for eight 
declared. 

The openers. Wilf Slack 
and Manvn Moxon. brought 
up 100 in 117 minutes off 
28.3 overs. But shortly after- 
wards Slack was caught by 
Tillekeratne off the Jeg- 

spinner De Silva for 50 with 
foe score on 107. Moxon also 
reached his half-century but 
was dismissed two runs later, 
leg before to the spinner 
Percra. He hit three fours in 
.160 minutes. 

Bill A they and Chris Smith 
then figured in a third-wicket 
stand of 80 before Aihey was 
bowled by the off-spinner 
Kalupcruma for 41. 


Smith hit 12 fours in his 76 
in 219 minutes before he was 
Ibw to the opening bowler De 
Mel. The England captain 
Mark Nicholas scored in with 
38 before he was bowled by 
the other fast bowler 
Kuruppuarachchi. 

The spinners De Silva. 
Perera and Kaluperuma 
bowled tidily and troubled all 
foe batsmen. 

8CORES: Sri Lanka 428 for eignt oac. 
England 3 2 DO lor sn. 

India win by 
five wickets 

Adelaide (Reuter) — India's 
cricketers beat an Australian 
country XI by five wickets in 
a one-day match at foe 
Adelaide Oval yesterday. Af- 
ter foe local side had hit 181 
for six from their 50 overs. 
India reached 182 for five 

SCORES: AistraKan Country XI im-tf. 
50 oners (Hogg S3. ScuOen 55). mala 
1B2-5. 41.5 overs (Maltiotra 4o, 
Azharuddin 42). 


captain was Gavin Hastings, 
another new cap against 
France earlier this 
and then the .Anglo- Scots 


j" 5 s pnn &ng speefoST^ 

month) ?^ ; a * ce,,tre - In less than a 

& -ots got he L "as back bi foe 

hold of me. I got my first B ' ro,lt ro *' where he had beenn 
cap while I was at Exeter and 85 3,1 ei &hi-year-o!d. 

the only time I played in an He is rho 

English Representative side by Ifoee yea^^f? 

pack with an average sJ? S n h f 
V found 

international a very physS 
experience, though foT^l 
wards of foe one point whi 
were groat. -France had I 

JS7 pack and Garo^ 
(the Fronch tight bead p£S 
came in a lot on DeW 
slipping off my shou^Ta 
couple of Dmes. Thev were 


was for the students in an 
under-23 trial.” 

If this should cause some 
gnashing of English teeth, it 
is hardly surprising. Collin 
White, Malcolm Preedy, 
Garret h Chilcott, Phil 
Blakeway, Austin Sheppard. 
Paul Hunstman. and Pan! 
Rendall have all occupied 
England's No 1 jersey over 
the last three years, suggest- 
ing a certain insecurity of 
tenure. Sole, aged 23. looks to 
have a lengthy career in his 
country's colours. 

Scotland have made a habit 
in recent years of picking 
young front row men despite 
the conventional wisdom 
which says that prop for- 
wards mature with age. lain 
Milne the present tight head, 
was only 21 when he was first 
capped and Collin Deans. 
Scotland's captain and 
hooker, only 22. The surpris- 
ing feature of Sole's career is 
that be has joined them after 


very intimidating side to D lav 

^' n *L b “ 1 had norJSS 

help from Deans and Milne* 
not only on the pitch b£ 
during the bui!d-np.“ 

That Sole coped so w e |l fc 
a tribute lo his mentors at 
Exeter University and foe 
quality of their fixtures list 
against raggedy Devon side? 
Geoff Rees, the Cambridge 
blue, and George Squire, 

helped with ‘ending mi*- 
side. both p , '’ css,on had to 
row the"“ er and 001 ** a 
experier 
Sole. 



20 


SPORT 


JtfP^f KVii^ ^pNESDAy JANUARV 29 1986 


CRICKET 


England take 
their hats 
off to the 
new fast ‘Bola 

From John Woodcock. Cricket Correspondent, Barbados 
bowling machine, “it can't bai and is J? ot ver ^ 


The 

which goes by the grand 
name of' Bola” and came 
oul on the same flight as the 
England team, has made its 
debut here in the nets. 
Battery-operated and looking 
like a piece of lunar equip- 
ment. it bears no similarity to 
its forebear who appeared in 
Adelaide some years ago. 


mobile in the field. 

It propels some sort 
plastic ball, quite hard but 
with enough rubber m it to 
make it bounce fairly steeply. 
Too much damage is done ■ to 
the seam of a normal cricket 
ball for them to be used- ™e 
players seem to think the 
substitute is realistic enough. 


JUlUUL autllt SUU31HMIV - - 7 — ■ f l 

I recall going on Christmas though it can hardly me 
Day 1962, with the now pulse rate with apprehension 


Bishop of Liverpool and Uie 
present Master of the Skin- 
ners Company, David 
Sheppard and Colin Cowdrey 
respectively, to the garden of 
an inventor whose contrap- 
tion. all quite effective, had a 
windmill action compared 
with the streamlined “Bola”. 
It was that day, I think . that 
Sheppard filled the Adelaide 
Cathedral as. at different 
times, he filled most of the 
cathedrals in Australia. 

The "Bola” is as different 
from the Adelaide device as 
the Sopwith Camel from the 
Concorde. Ii is capable of 
speeds of well over 100 miles 
an hour. When, some years 


in the same way as the sight 
of Marshall and Co might. 

The first complaint to be 
heard about short-pitched 
fast bowling have come, in 
facL from an unexpected 
source. After a recent Shell 
Shield match between Bar- 
bados and the Windward 
Islands, the President of the 
Windward Islands Cricket 
Association who is also a 
member of the West Indian 
Cricket Board of Control, 
said that he was “very 
disappointed” ax the extent of. 
short-pitched deliveries that 
were aimed at the bffl 
International players 

calibre of Gamer and 
shall should not ha 



, ;&M?. ... 

! "v '• • '■ ■ . ■■ > 

. . : 


• . • w'- 

ii.-. ^ 

■ 








Smith: already starting to hit the cover off the ball 


ago. a competition was staged 
in Penh to gauge the speed of resort to such 
the world's fastest ”Bola” the thought the umpires 
winner. Jeff Thomson, was 
timed at around 90 miles an 
hour. The "Bola's” job is to 
condition England's batsmen 
to high speed bowling in 
readiness for the Test series. 

“Unfortunately” says Gower. 


have taken a much 
line.” Perhaps the 
getting through. 

Of England's 
other than “Bola' 
working up some 
expense, it ra ' 


Wigan profit ff 
good housekeen 



He hardly looks to 
juilt for the pan, being 
particularly broad in the 
or the shoulder, but I 
not sure that Snow or 
thara did when they first 
; appeared. Man for man, 
though, this is as big an 
England side as 1 can 
remember, there being cer- 
tainly ten six-footers among 
them. 

The giant of them all is 
Smith, who is already starting 
to hit the cover off the ball. 
He stands, when at the ready, 
to his full height and with his 


bat practically wrapped 
round his neck. It is 


sight, though I can see what 
is meant when they say that 
in form he gives the im- 
pression of being very much 
on top of the bowling. In 
theory it is a method that 
would be expected to make 
him more vulnerable to the 
fast yorker. 

Richards's appointment to 
captain West Indies in the 
Test series has been an- 
nounced. He led them to 
victory over New Zealand 
early last year, in his first 
series in charge, and before 
Christmas he took the side to 


33, he is, in a way, under 
more pressure than Gower. 
Not only are great things 
expected of him with the bat, 
but West Indies these days 
consider it almost unthink- 
able to lose. 

On Monday, Richards's 
Leeward Islands side, left 
with 384 to win by Barbados 
in five and half hours plus 
the last 20 overs, settled quite 
early for a draw, the great 
man himself not even getting 
to the wickeL This seemed to 
surprise no one, perhaps 
because just to keep Bar- 


Pakislan for a succession of bados at bay is still consid- 
a strange one-day internationals. Now ered something of a victory. 


ping 


When Widnes declared 
publicly that their sale of Joe 
Lydon to Wigan for £100.000 
saved them from liquidation 
everyone quickly seized on 
the * inevitable question. 
Where on earth had Wigan 
found all the resources and 
financial backing to spend no 
less than half a million 


RUGBy Ui AGUE* 
DIARY 

Keith 1 



score tv _rd at the ground. 

Wigru have formed a 
members' club. The Knight 
of Central Park, which is 


pounds on players this sea- .jpanaged by the club captain 
son? and New Zealand inter- 

If clubs everywhere are on, r2l j 0 nal Graeme West. There 
the verge ol bankruptcy m . members, each of 
living desperately from.hand w,hom pul a minimum of £2 
to mouth. Wigan must'have a wee |j into the dub, with the 
tapped a goldmine uWer C hancc of winning a variety 
Central Park. Thus went • Q f prizes and privileges. Even 

at a conservative estimate. 


theorizing, but the truth of 
the matter is that Wigan have 
produced good houreraepmg 
and financial projection on a 
mammoth scale, with pre- 
season plans that have gone 
infinitely better than ex- 
pected. plus four fairy god- 
fathers in the 7 shape of 
generous and weft-heeled new 
.directors. 

Staggeringly, despile their 
huge spending. Wigan are 
budgeting for a profit of 
£100.000 over the next two 
vears, and can account con- 
fideotiy &r every penny. The 
money that has bought 
outstanding international 
pjgyers like Ella. Dowling, 
Goodway, Hanley. Mordt 
Louw, and Lydon to Central 
Park has come from a variety 
of sources, all of them giit- 
Season ticket sales 
£100.000, and atten- 
dees at Wigan's home 
games, with 12,500 as the 
...target figure to meet budgets. 
ui>-. topping 14.000 as the 
team sweeps on from success 
to success. Two main spon- 
sors have weighed in with 
five-figure support. Dave 
Whelan, the former Black- 
bum Rovers full back who 
runs JJB Sports, provides 
financial incentives and bo- 
nuses for the players. Heinz, 
who have a major factory 
near Wigan, have spent 
£40.000 on the new electronic 



ihis will provide £100.000 a 
year. 

In addition to taking vast 
sums at the gate. Wigan have 
had such success on the field 
that financial rewards have 
poured in from major 
sponsorships. They have al- 
ready won the Lancashire 
Cup and John Player Trophy 
and still to come are the 
Challenge Cup. the 
championship and the 
premiership. 

Then, of course, there are 
those directors who have 
been variously dubbed the 
Gang of Four, or more 
complimenlarily. the Four 
Just Men. Chairman Jack 
Hilton has a sports goods 
company: vice-chairman 
Maurice Lindsay recently 
concluded a highly lucrative 
deal with a major power in 
the construction industry: 
Tom Rathbone has one of 
the biggest bakeries in the 
north of England: and Jack 
Robinson is a major exporter 
of antiques. At ihe start of 
the season they paid 
£112.000 into the Central 
Park Club between them, and 
have followed this up with 
substantial loans. 

Add these sums together, 
and Wigan's outlay of 
£500.000 on players is jus- 
tified by results. 


BOXING 

Kalule will 
defend in 
Sheffield 

The Danish Boxing Federa- 
tion has confirmed that Aynb 
Kalule will defend his Euro- 
pean middleweight title 
against Herol Graham in 
Sheffield City Hall on Feb- 
ruary 5. 

Moegens Palle, the 
champion's manager, has 
lodged signed contracts with 
the European Boxing Union, 
and copies are being sent to 
the British Boxing Board of 
Control. 

Palle is also reported to 
have confirmed with the 
matchmaker, Paddy Byrne, 
dial Kalule will arrive in 
Sheffield 72 hours before the 
bout 

Tbese are the latest 
developments in the battle 
between rival promoters, Bar- 
ney Eastwood, who is 
Graham's manager and is 
staging the Sheffield bout, 
and Frank Warren, who 
intends to use Kalule against 
Tony Sibson on February 26 
at a venue to be announced. 

Under the 28-day role, 
Kalule. a Ugandan who has 
Danish nationality, cannot 
fulfill both engagements and 
Warren has threatened legal 
action if the European cham- 
pion attempts to box at 
Sheffield. 

But Eastwood said yes- 
terday: “I think it highly 
unlikely that Warren would 
be granted a court injunction. 
Palle is aware that a man- 
datory defence had been 
ordered, and that my purse 
offer had been accepted and 
that be was committed to the 

G raham fight.” 

He added that provided 
Graham beats Kalule, the 
Eastwood organization would 
be only too pleased to 
promote a Graham-Sibson 
match with three titles at 
slake. 


ICE SKATING 


Forgiving fault of 
a 14-year-old 

From Michael Coleman, Copenhagen 
Joanne Conway fluffed her of East Germany, European, 


debut on the big-time stage of 
ice figure skating at the 
European Championships on 
Monday here. But for a 14- 
year-old it was forgivable, 
even by a television-educated 
public that expects instant 
success. 

Hyped up by press and 
1TV as Britain's hope for the 
Calgary Olympics, in 1988, 
the lass from North Shields 
had looked as cool as a 
Danish cucumber early on 
placing 10th and then sixth in 
the first two of the three 
compulsory school figures 
from a 23-girl field. 

With eventual selection for 
the Geneva world champion- 
ships next March hinging on 
performances here, she was 
also ahead of her British 
rival Susan Jackson, from 
whom she had snatched the 
national title last December. 

It looked as if ITVs 
investment and the philan- 
thropy of local businessmen 
up north was about to strike 
immediate gold. Then came 
the third figure, the lightly 
cut change loop. She commit- 
ted the sin of touching the ice 
with her free blade for 
support. Penalty: down to 
1 7th place for that figure, 
leaving her a final Ilth 
overall and one place behind 
Jackson. 

But all was not Iosl She 
had the chance to pick up 
lost ground in last night's 
short programme and. come 
tomorrow's free skating, there 
will be no holding her. Such 
is her bouyancy and exu- 
berance. After all. Torvill and 
Dean and Robin Cousins too 
finished down in the teen 
positions on their European 
debuts, didn't they? 

Meanwhile, up front 
among the big guns, the 
incomparable Katarina Witt 


world and Olympic cham- 
pion. was under heavy pres- 
sure herself, losing the figures 
to Moscow’s Kira Ivanova 
and finding a bevy of other 
Soviet girls, plus West 
Germany's Claudia Leislner, 
breathing down her neck. 
The shapely Leistner is back 
in contention after apparently 
failing to secure an attractive 
enough show contracL 

But Fraulein' Witt. Still 20. 
has aimed on Calgary too 
and. with her vast experience, 
knows how to pace herself 
while the others huff and puff 
behind. 

To get back to Miss 
Conway and to recap for 
those whose skating reading 
has been neglected since the 
departure of Torvill and 
Dean. Without these star 
dancers, a glaring gap 
emerged in what TV had to 
offer Britwise, hence rTVs 
delight at the 14-year-old’s 
arrival on the scene and her 
despatch, via Cousins's 
prompting, to the Carlo Fassi 
finishing school at Colorado 
Springs. 

First stage in “Operation 
Ice Skate” was her capture of 
the British title, relegating the 
less image-worthy Miss Jack- 
son from the scene. Copen- 
hagen is the next stage and 
she must do well here, above 
all beat Jackson' (10th in 
Europe last year) in order to 
win her Geneva ticket. With- 
out her there. I TV’s satura- 
tion coverage of ice skating 
falls flat. All the eggs seem to 
have been laid in one basket 
■ So far. Miss Conway, 
whom one would never guess 
is not yet 15. looks totally at 
ease, oblivious to what the 
rest of us in the old-fashioned 
world would regard as unfair 
media pressure. It is to be 
hoped that it is not a veneer. 


Sutton takes a commanding Cup lead 



From John Ballantine, Phoenix 
Hal Satina, by winning the birdie, par and eagle, is dose 



of la st weekend's Phoenix Open 


Phoenix Open last weekend, 
not only won the £64500 first 
prize, bringing his total 
earnings for the season to 
£ 100,000 and his five-year 
career winnings to more than 
£1 million, he vastly in- 
creased his lead in a new 
competition over here, the 
Vantage Cop. 

In this lucrative addition to 
the 1986 US tour, points are 
awarded to players who finish 
in the 25 top places in each 
event. At the end of the 
official circuit on November 
2, $2 million in bonuses will 
be paid out 

The leading prize is 
5500,000, and Satton, by 
finishing seventh in the 
Tournament of Champions, 
fourth in the Bid) Hope 
Classic, and by winning In 
Phoenix, improved his po- 
sition as the leader in the 
Cap 'League'. He received 
200 points for this victory 
and another 25 points for bis 
first success of the year. 

He now leads with 575 
points, but said, “It's much 
too early In the season to 
count my chickens, but 1 am 
very pleased with my 
position.** 

From the European point of 
view, Bernhard Laager, who 
staged a remarkable three- 
hole finish Sunday with 
1 


behind Sutton. 

In Ac German's case, 
however, appearances de- 
ceive. He played only 16 
tournaments in America last 
season and his present po- 
sition is that he is able to 
play only that number again 
this year unless a Govern- 
ment ruling that restricts 
overseas players to stay only 
120 days in the US is 
changed. 

“They are talking it over 
now ami I will know the 
verdict at the end of next 
month,” Longer said. He will 
then have to make one of the 
most important derisions of 
his careen whether to play in 
20 to 30 tournaments hi the 
US and accept whatever tax 
penalties may be imposed in 
consequence, or to keep 
within the limit of 120 days. 
This, of course, would give 
him very little chance of 
staying in a high position hi 
the Vantage Cop. for be will 
be easily overtaken later in 
the season by America’s top 
players who may compete in 
ap to 35 events while earning 
valuable points. 

This week. Laager will jpnt 
his worries about his political 
situation behind him and play 
at Pebble Beach, California, 
in the AT&T National Pro- 
Am along with Sandy Lyle, 
Nick Faldo, Ken Brown mid 
Peter Oosterhtris. 


TODAY’S FIXTURES 


(7 30 uniass stated) 

FOOTBALL 

FA Cup 

Fourth round, replays 
Manchester U v Sunderland 
Tottenham v Notts Co (8.0) 

Mflk Cup 

Fifth round, replay 
Chelsea v OP Rangers 
Rover Trophy 
round 
Northern section 
Preston v Bury (2.0) 

Southern section 
Peterborough v Aldershot 
Gflfingham v Brentford 
SCOTTISH CUP, Thta nut& raptor* 
Ctfdo v Arbroath; Safcrit v Clydotanfc; 
Panic* v A w me tmla n s - 

MULHPA«T LEAGUEfiurton v Harwich 
CENTRAL L£AQUg: FHTrt 
dwWMEHudctaraiieU v Bsratoy: Hid v 
Ewoncn (7J% Waat Brom v Wtam 
(7-0)a#cond dMaion: Botai v RoBj- 
orfMffl (7Xfk Coventry v «w V jtoi 
Scunthorpe * Btoekpa* Swtav 
Wohwnnmpton W flMfc Yoifc v Bradford 
flU* 

FOOTBALL CO >— l A TIOWJWwaa » 

Oxford United J2.pj; Norwich v Arsenal 

VAUXHALL— OREL 


_ LEAGUE 

Sonde Hadron* Heath 

BracknrfL 

■CACBAR SOUTH WEST COUNTIES 

LEAGUE; Bristol City v Bnsiol Row 

1230}: Plymouth An] v Caitiff City. 

Shrewsbury * Hwotord (7.30) . 
REPRESENTATIVE MATCH: ConbnH 

Semes* • F A XI (Roy* Naval Stdm. 

Portsmouth). 

RUGBY UNION 
dub HMKlisi; CamMdga UmersMy * 
Royal Navy Oa m or ga n WnWs v 
Chottanhsm; UenaH v Ebbw vale (7.01; 
Oxford Uiwerstty V RAF 


Bartholomews 


St 


Mary's; 

UCHTMUtOmn V Guy’s; Sl Thomas's « 
Royal Free; London * Charing 
Cross/Westmlnstar. 

OTHER SPORT 


SNOOKER 

Griffiths 
stages 
brilliant 
recovery 

By Sydney Fristtn 

Yci another first round 
match in the Benson and 
Hedges Masters tournament 
at Wembley ran its full 
course on Monday night 
when Terrv Griffiths defeated 
Alex Higgins 5-4. Higgins and 
Griffiths have dashed several 
limes in this tournament in 
the past and at their tost 
meeting, in the quarter finals 
last vear. Griffiths won 5-1. 
. Griffiths had a much 
harder struggle this time. He 
lost the first two frames, fell 
1-3 behind at the interval and 
brilliantly put his game 
together after Higgins had 
taken a 4-2 lead. Neither 
player, however, was at his 
besL 

Higgins won a 52-minute 
first name at the end of 
which some of his admirers 
rushed to his chair to shake 
his hand: others sought his 
autograph. Throughout most 
of the match he was ap- 
plauded for shots which must 
have been somewhat dis- 
concerting for Griffiths. 

Higgins had several bril- 
liant patches in the sixth 
frame in which be made 
breaks of 40 and 30 but 
Griffiths, doing some of his 
finest reconstruction work, 
levelled at 4-4 with breaks of 
69 and 53. In the deciding 
frame Higgins, with ample 
support from the crowd, shot 
into a 46-1 lead But if he had 
sensed victory be was guilty 
of misjudgment. Griffiths 
kept climbing back and with 
the match delicately balanced 
Higgins potted the green, 
using the rest, only to see the 
cue ball disappear 

Griffiths came in for the 
kill and clearing the colours 
up to the pink departed from 
the arena in triumph, leaving 
the supporters of Higgins to 
console their fallen hero. 

FIRST ROUND: T Griffiths bt A Htqqfns 
5-4. Frame «oraa (Griffiths flratt 57-69. 
16-73. 0526. 45-77. 7531. 13-75. 82-15. 
8&-U. 7642. W Thome beet R Reardon 
54. Ftona scare* (Thome first): 31-70. 
71-44. 31-77. 20-66. 101-29. 

58. 71-41, 64-54. 


59- 


MOTOR RALLYING 

McRae to 
lead MG 
campaign 

Jimmy McRae, of Lanark, 
will drive the highly success- 
ful new MG Metro 6R4 in 
this season’s Shell Oil RAC 
British Open Rally 
Championship. 

McRae, aged 42. and his 
co-driver, Ian Grindrod. of 
Blackburn, will compete in 
the six rounds of the Open 
Championship and the RAC 
Rally, Britain's round-the- 
world championship. 

The team will be sponsored 
by Rothmans, whose Porsche 
driven by Derek Bell won the 
world endurance champion- 
ship in 1985. 

The four-wheel drive 
Metro, powered by a 400-plus 
horsepower, six-cylinder en- 
gine developed by Austin 
Rover, made a promising 
international debut in last 
season's Lombard Rally, 
finishing third. Unlike the 
trend for turbochargers, the 
Metro relies on normal 
aspiration and fuel injection 
to give fester throttle re- 
sponse. 

McRae, who drove an Opel 
for Rothmans in 1982, when 
he won the British champion- 
ship, and in 1983, won the 
title again in 1984. and 
finished second last year. 

He said yesterday: “The 
event I really want to win is 
the Scottish, my home rally. 

Driving with four-wheel 
power, McRae aims to be- 
come the first Scot to win the 
event since 1963. The race 
sets off from -Glasgow on 
June 7. 

Other rounds of the British 
Open are on February 23, 
March 28 (Circuit of Ireland), 
May 2 (Welsh Rally), August 
8 (Ulster Rally), and Septem- 
ber 10 (Manx RaHy).The 
Lombard Rally takes place 
from November 16-20. 


TENNIS 


New format may 
iron out faults 
of past Masters 

By Bex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

dates, format and semi-finals could 


The 

prize money scale for the 
annual Masters tournament, 
the showpiece climax of the 
men's Nabisco grand prix 
circuit, have all been 
changed. There is reason to 
hope that the 17th Masters. 
io be played in December at 
Madison Square Garden. 
New York, will at last 
achieve the settled and 
satisfactory form that, so far, 
has eluded the tournament. 

The first seven Masters 
were played at different 
locations during the first 
week of December, a logical 
time slot for an event 
designed to round off the 
season. Players often com- 
plained that were jaded by 
that time of year and many 
also suggested that it was 
unfair to play the Masters on 
the same surface every year 
(the only exception was the 
1974 Masters, played out- 
doors on grass in Mel- 
bourne). 

In 1978 the event was 
shifted to January and Madi- 
son Square Garden and the 
date and the venue have 
since remained the same. 
This did nothing io meet the 
arguments in favour of 
changing the surface and, 
more seriously, turned the 
Masters into something of a 
warm-up event or, if you like, 
a preface to the season rather 
than an appendix. During its 
first 16 years the tournament 
was also unsettled by five 
different formats and five 
different sponsors. 

The Masters has now been 
returned to its original dates, 
the first week of December, 
and a revised version of the 
format used from 1972 to 
1982 inclusive, when eight 
men played in two groups of 
four on an all-play-all basis 
until the semi-finals, in which 
the winner of one group 
played the runner-up in the 
other. 

The snag with that system 
was that a player who had 
already qualified for the 


coast 

through his tost match in the 
all-play-all series, or adjust 
his effort in order to gel the 
semi-final opponent he pre- 
ferred. To discourage such 
tendencies, two innovations 
have been introduced. Play- 
ers will receive no prize 
money for losing a match in 
the all-play-all scries, and 
whereas the winners of each 
group will be placed in 
different semi-finals, their 
opponents (the group run- 
ners-up) will be derided by a 
draw. If follows that in his 
last match of the all-play-all 
series no player will have 
anything to gam by taking it 
easy. 

The total prize fund will be 
$500,000. about £345.000. 
The eight players will receive 
$10,000 each for qualifying 
and turning up to play and in 
the all-play-all scries winners 
will receive $20,000 and 
losers nothing. This wtnner- 
take-all system wilj also apply 
to the semi-finals ($40,000 
each for the winners) and the 
final ($100,000). 

It remains to be seen how 
well the new system works. 
There can be no reservations 
about the welcome decision 
to contest every match over 
the best of five sets rather 
than the best of three. The 
future of the Masters doubles, 
which has been allowed to 
decline into a side-show: is 
still being considered. It may 
be dropped, thus permitting 
the leading doubles teams to 
concentrate on the doubles 
tournament to be played the 
following week at the Albert 
Hall. London. 

The Madison Square Gar- 
den and Albert Hall tour- 
naments are special festivals 
at which the most successful 
players on the year4ong 
grand prix circuit exhibit 
ibeir skills. Bui with both 
events, plus the Davis Cup 
final, crammed into Decem- 
ber. the leading men will 
certainly be ready for their 
Christmas break. 


McEnroe’s Seoul aim 


Ottawa (UPI) - John 
McEnroe said on Monday 
that he would like to play in 
the 1988 Summer Olympics 
in South Korea if officials 
opened tennis to all pro- 
fessional players. McEnroe 
said this after losing 6-4, 6-3, 
6-3 in an exhibition match 
against Jimmy Connors here. 

Although McEnroe said it 
would be a mistake to let 
professional players compete 
in the Olympics, he said that 
if they were allowed to do so, 
the event should be “com- 
pletely open”. 

McEnroe earlier told the 
crowd in Ottawa that he 
would return to the game in 
spite of the indefinite leave of 
absence which was granted to 
him last week by the Men's 
International Professional 
Tennis Council (MIPTQ. 

“There's a few more fights 
left in both of us before we 
quit." he said, referring to 
himself and his opponent 
Connors, who has taken time 
off the last three months, also 
thought it was a good idea for 
McEnroe to stop playing for 
a while. 


Connors said: “It's an 
important thing to do for 
anybody because of the 
pressure on the top players 
and the amount of travelling 
we do. We’re not just robots 
and machines. We have 
businesses and tennis and 
families to take care o£ 

“For what he’s done for his 
career and for the game, they 
should let him do whatever 
he wants to. As long as he 
stays in the game.” 

Connors, who is scheduled 
to appear in the Indoor 
Tennis Championship in 
Phiiadlelphia this week, 
lagged through the first set 
against McEnroe, but fought 
back to lake the second and 
third sets. 

0 Plans for a new indoor 
tennis centre at Withdean, 
Sussex, were launched yes- 
terday. The Lawn Tennis 
Association have made a 
contribution to the multi- 
purpose hall which will 
include three tennis courts 
which can easily be turned 
into a show court for major 
events with spectator accom- 
modation for about 1,500. 


SKIING 


Pramotton earns victory 


Adelboden (AP) — Richard 
Pramotton, of Italy, recorded 
a fast second heat and won 

the giant slalom yesterday for 

his first World Cup victory 
ahead of his countryman, 
Marco TonazzL 

Hubert Strolz, of Austria, 
who has never won a World 
Cup race, squandered victory 
with choppy run in the 
second heat, in which 
Pramotton was the fastest 
Prominent eliminations by 
fells in the 5 legate first heat 
were Ingemar Stenmark, who 
won his 81st World Cup 
slalom last Saturday at St 
Anton, and Thomas Buergler, 
of Switzerland. 

The defending champion, 
Marc Girardelli, of Luxem- 


bourg, finished fifth, gaining 
the points to jump past 
Stenmark and Peter 
Wirnsberger to the top of the 
overall World Cup standings. 

Racers faced good snow and 

intermittent sun on the 
Kuonisbergli course. 

Martin Hangl, of Switzer- 
land, ninth after the first 
heat improved to sixth place 
at the race's end with an 
assured second run. 


RESULTS; 1. R 

3G.08S8C; Z M Tonszzr (It). 


Pramotton flfl, 2mm 
237.63raH 


Strutt (Austria), 23051; 4, R Peutwie 



BOOK REVIEW 


Showman’s latest winner 


Perhaps because none of 
the great showmen of the 
past have been especially 
literary, the art has never 
before been done justice in 
print. Robert diver has 
supplied a long-standing 
need, explaining every aspect 
of a fascinating subject 
Thomas Carlyle described 
genius as the capacity for 
taking infinite trouble: In the 
15 years since Oliver pro- 
duced his first Wembley 
winner. Lord Sorcerer, bis 
progress to the top has been 
inevitable. Not only has he 
contrived a remarkable rap- 
port with some highly-strung 
equine characters who have 
foiled dismally in other 
hands; his treatment has 
ensured their remaining 
reasonable members of 
equine society ever after. 

He first evinced this rare 
ability to psychoanalyze his 
SNOOKERSanson and Ntodgas kmktc I subjects when he look over a 
SSSST mSSS C vS& H.J horse ^io would, in human 
somriGB Championships (LM-en-sofoni). I terms, have been a likely 


Bfy a Special Correspondent 
candidate for a nervous 
breakdown. Having trans- 
formed him, he won at 
Wembley for four consec- 
utive years. At the same show 
I shall never forget seeing 
him astride the champion 
hack, Young Appelles, stand- 
ing in the collecting ring on a 
loose rein, unmoved by the 


hack, he grinned and said: “It 
doesn’t matter a bit - I was 
afraid I was going to be 
third!" 

The showing of hunters of 
Anglo-Irish pedigree has al- 
ways fascinated people from 
many walks of life and 
different parts of the world. 
The bigger thoroughbred 


racket made by hundreds of horse of 'chasing type which 


partisan children stamj 
their feet above him 
applauding their Pony Cub 
teams competing for the 
Prince Philip Cup. Hacks are 
notoriously temperamental, 
but he could have doubled 
for a police horse. 

His philosophy concerning 
showing is: “Judges are not 
paid servants and their de- 
cision is final, so defeat must 
be accepted sportingly. 
Horses are great levellers - 
but there's always . another 
day and another judgeP 
Once when I commis- 
erated with him for being put 
down fifth on a champion 


used to be bred out of some 
of the loveliest old mares to 
race, hunt, show and event , 
are becoming scarcer. On the . 
racecourse, too, the constant 
emphasis on speed has re- 
suited in many smaller ani- 
mals, both for 'chasing and ; 
hurdling. Size, Oliver points 
out, has recently returned to ;• 
the young stock classes n - 
through tne German and j 
Dutch crossbreds, buz they:; 
do not move well enough to « 
challenge the Anglo-Irish) 
youngsters ;» 

m Showing Horses and Ponied 
by Robert Oliver (Pelham? 
£ia95) ... C 


gMIh 


* \ ■' 









Pt 


Stan 


THE TIMES WEDNESDAY JANUARY 29 1 986 

PRICE’S MARE LOOKS A S OUND BET AT HEREFORD J >%)INT-TO-PoInT 




i 


^%Mandari n 
(M*cfaae! Phillips) 

yesterday Mercv 

tj&TifiS'&JE 

“JJjg.afier her late husband! 
fLC?.*?* at Hereford 
{£** Gaye Brief. Until 
trainer Gordon 
Si? ■ lo PuH out 

™*™e again. Opposition 
oniy Eamon's 
Owen. Gold Tycoon, Roger 
Nicholas and Monza would 
not have caused Mrs Rimell 
a steepness night but follows 
•ng that fine performance at 
Cheltenham last Saturday 
when she comprehensively 
outpaced Corporal Ginger 
and Gala's Image to win the 
Bishop's Cleeve Hurdle. 
Stans Pride is an entirely 
different proposition. 

_ The last lime they met was 
■in last year’s Champion 
Hurdle in which they fin- 
ished third and fourth behind 
See You Then and Robin 
Wonder. There was only a 
length and a half between 
them that day with Stans 
Pride holding the advantage 
at the end. So on similar 
terms she must have a good 
chance of beating Gaye Brief 
now especially as Saturday 
showed that she is still 
capable of finishing really 
well when she is on song. 

In contrast Gaye Brief has 
tended to find very little 
when he has been let down in 
his recent races. At Kempton 
on Boxing Day he was a 
beaten horse when he fell at 
the last hurdle whereas Stans 
Pride was a sight to behold at 
Cheltenham last Saturday 
when she scampered up that 
stiff demanding final hill with 
such gusto. 

While not much may have 
gone right for Fred Winter 
lately. BargilL who won by 
four lengths at Nottingham 
eight days ago has been an 
exception. That performance 
showed him to be an improv- 
ing young stayer and perhaps 
even capable of beating the 
recent Kempton winner Cas- 
tle Warden at a difference of 
261bs in the Julio Mariner- 
Handicap Chase. 


’s Pride for swift follow-up Whei^ to draw 

the line on 



professionalism 


By Brian Beel 


Gaye Brief, the former champion hurdler, who is in actum at Hereford today. 


Winter’! 

son-in-law 


An hour later 
talented young 
Oliver Sherwood should win 
the EBF Oats and Celtic 
Cone Novice’s Hurdle with 
Atrabates (nap). 

Owned by a cricket dub 
bearing her name this mare 
by the Ascot Gold Cup 
winner Precipice Wood has 
already won over today's 
course as well as at Worces- 
ter. Although her one attempt 
at today's distance of 2!6 
miles ended in failure last 
season she is certainly bred to 
get this trip. Furthermore the 
way that she has finished at 
the end of both her latest 
over two miles this season 
has suggested that she will. 
So she is napped to give 
weight and a beating to Nicky. 
Henderson’s recent Taunton 
winner Into Song. 

At Windsor this afternoon 
I can envisage George 
Mernagh winning the 
Holyport Handicap Chase for 
John Webber on Nickle 
Moppet and then rounding 
the day off in style for the 
Banbury trainer by also 
winning the Oakside 
Novice’s Handicap Chase on 
Proud Pilgrim who ran nicely 
enough on his seasonal debut 
at Warwick to finish fifth 
behind Paulatim. 


llV?TI 


Courses must plan al 
to maximise revenue 


By Michael Seely 

Satellite tderfston is but one 
of the subjects being considered 
by the Race Coarse Association 
as they consider how to 
maximise the revenue of their 
m e mb e rs . Speaking at a lunch 
at Ascot yesterday. General Sir 
Peter Lag their newly ap- 
pointed Chairman said: “We 
seed to plan t o w a rds the 1990s 
to see how we can compensate 
for faffing atteadanties; bow to 
attract new ea sterne r s and also 
how to make things more 
comfortable for existing 
patrons." 

General Leng was naturally 
carious when ifisaubg the 
subject of satellite tekriskm. At 
preseat C h ris top her Sporboig 
of Hambro's Bank h conduct- 
ing negotiations with Satellite 
Rarwnr the company 

formed by the Betting Office 
Licensees Association. During 
the next fortnight he is also 
going to see Exchange Tele- 
graph, at present the only , other 
competitor in the field to 
pr ride the service. To profit 
from the introduction of sat- 
ellite television m betting shops 
could be owe of the last chances 
that the industrial may have to 
increase their overall income to 
any appreciable extend. 


conducted in the 
United States and Japan sug- 
gests that when betting shops 
are fidly equipped to receive the 
new service, an overall drop iu 
race comae attendances of 
around 9 per cent could be 
expected, reeding an Income of 
£14 mfltiou to amice up for that 
arena! short fidL And off comm 
the present sound co mm ent ar y 
which provides la the region a 
£1.5 million. 

However for the racecourses 
to expect as reach as £10 
ntiUna for the right to race- 
coarse commentary would ap- 
pear to be otb o ptim i sti c 
sneb a large amonat could only 
be obtained by father increas- 
ing the tax on the already over- 
burdened punter. However 
ullcfag co Sir Peter Leng. it 
was obvious that the Chairman 
realises , that the copyright of 
races is their birthright and 
they have bo intention off giving 
it away too cheaply. “Time is 
on our side," he said. “It could 
be a matter off years before aU 
betting shops oonld be folly 
equipped to receive the 
service." At present there are 
aboot 10,000 betting shops in 
the country. 


HEREFORD 


GOING: good (7 am inspection) 

1.45 LEDBURY SELLING HANDICAP HURDLE (£849 2m) (22 

21230/p- HASSi mas. (R Griffiths) F J Yertffly 8-12-1 -R Crank 

0/0-0020 CHAW OF REASONING 

(Miss U Peitonon) R Rost 12-11-4 J Frost 
P2QP/U0 YORK COTTAGE (C HHctings) C J HKO*^9 9-11-4. 


2/11F11- GOLDEN KNOLL (Mrs J McKechnto) S Meflor, 
11 0 G CHARLES-JONES 

Bars; 

AMC PARK (H 


0/000PP- DMGBATTT 
SI 0-403 FRED PIT 


Ms S Davenport 10-10-12 

' (N Johnson) M Scudamore 9-10-8. 


Budge) R A Perkkw 9-10-4. 

Irs f Parkes) M Ofimr 11-19-1. 


2 

4 

5 
7 
9 

10 

11 

12 

17 

18 

19 

21 

22 

23 

24 

27 

28 

29 

30 

31 
33 
35 


4/00020 DO OR DIE (D) (Mrs L OTftU!) O O'NeS 9-11-2 


I R J Hodges 12-11-1 _ 
Boday) Jfi Bostey 7-11- 
tamt sm« Lid) M C Pipe 


.C Cox 


1 M Bosley (4) 

5-11-1. 


001-000 MY SNIP <E 
342400 BLACK0OOSH (I 
000/033 SWING TO ME (Gwent Stool Lid) 

044013 HARVEST (0) (Bsnrtnatons Fumttura Ltd) 0 O'NaB 0-11-1 

00040-1 CARFLAX ft}) (M Owrautoiton) G A Ham 8-10-13 

oaowa YAL CUMBER tOSA) plUll Qora Court 

MCnstaB 8-10-12 K Traylor (7) 

00/300 EYEUGtfT (Mrs M Power) R Hollnstoad 9-10-11 

41OPO-0 THE RUSK (R Gtnfforpe) F Jordan 5-10-9 R Hyatt 

OR&N (D Mahno 0 Burcte# 8-10-9 


3 
7 

4 
6 

9 22-OOPO GREENBAMC 

10 F-UT220 BASHFUL LAD 

11 4F1-221 BARGSLL 

13 2P-1242 QOLDBI HORNET (D) (k Dtra) K W Own BLic 

1885: Fred PWrwr 8-11-8 P Scudamore 11-2 MSctKMmora 7 ran 
6-4 BargflL4-i Caste Warden.6-1 Golden Kno8.Goiden KomeLa-IBesMul Lad.12Fred 
PHnar.14 otters. 

9.15 THE FRED RIMELL HURDLE (£1.977 2m) (0) 

2 000000 EAMONS OWEN (D) (Mrs A TrowDridge) 


F T winter 7-10-0^^ 


R Strangs 


0/3-4 SCOTTISH _ 

000109 ALEX- CHOICE 
004=004 NERO WOLF 
PI-3009 SAWYBftPS : 

0O00DP MASTER BOON (H Dates) 0 R 


Mrs SO&var 9-11-6 JacqurOOver (7) 
244-13F GAYE BREF (C-0) Shakh Al Abu Khamsin) Mrs M Rtawfl 9-11-6 


7-11-6. 


1111-48 GOLD TYCOON^ WoortonJ) J _ 

F11202 ROGER NICHOLAS (D) (Mrs M Si 

203230 MONZA (D)U Fenwick) P D Cum _ 

NUDE (D) (Mrs M Morgan) G Price 9-11-1 


Mrs M ShK 7-11-8 

8 - 11 - 1 . 


M Bevan) Mts M Bevan 7-10-6 C Stem 

(0 Wharton) R T JucfcM 9-10-6 T WaB 

(Mrs J Webster) Mrs P Rjjbp 7-10-5 


'ucker 


024/000 CUFF BANK U NMdhenti J L Ne e dh a m 8-10-1 

0003/03 CORNISH UNER (T Price) T J Price 7-10-1 to M Richards (7) 

MAJOR EASTFORM (J Fenton) j Fenton 6-10-1 

0-000 RUSSELL FLINT (S Nixon) M Otter 7-10-0— 

0000-43 PURPLE (BF) (P Kenyon) F Jordan 5-10-0 

1915: No Ruke 5-11-7 'C Smith 9-1 F Yarttey 20 ran 

3-T Cham of Reasoning. 9-2 Swing to Me. 5-1 Scottish Groan. 7-1 Harvest 10-1 

Sawyer's Son 6 Purple. 14-t Carfax a VaJ Cfimber. 20-1 ottera. 

BLDkERS: 1 1. 2& 29. 31, 33. 

Hereford selections 

By Mandarin 

1.45 Do Or Die 2-15 Echo Sounder 2.45 BargiU 3.15 Stans 
Pride 3.45 ATRABATES (nap) 4.15 Boherash 

2.15 LEOMINSTER NOVICE HANDICAP CHASE (£2,848 2m4f) 

(16) 

4 F00-F11 ECHO SOUNDB1 (D) (Tin Lady VWw) 

T A former 1-2 (10 ex) R Dunwoody 

203144 MORICE (8 H artery) M C Pipe 8-11-1. 


9 20-4041 STANS PRI 

18*5: Bob Ttadate 6-11-6 P Barton 4-9 Fav J Edwards 4 ran 
Evans Gaye Brief.6-4 Stans PrkJe.&T Gold Tycoon. 8-1 Roger Nichotat»,14-1 others 
3L45 BBF OATS 5 CELTIC CONE NOVICE HURDLE (Eljffl 2m4f) (18) 

T 20-11 ATRABATES (Q (Atrabates Cricket OuW 

oWwood6-11-12CCax(4) 

000401 INTO SONS (Mrs A Stoan) N J Henderson 7-11-6. 

4 AUTHOHNE (Mrs G Footer) KC BaOey 5-10-12 

4 ANAGMOteS DAUGHTER (A Raison) K BWup 5-10-12. 


2 

4 

5 
9 

12 

15 

16 
22 
23 
25 

29 

30 

32 

33 

43 

44 
48 


BLAZEMBER (Col R Walsh) R P Stephen) 8-10-12 
F Leighton 


Saturday wij] see the stab 
of the 1986 point-to-point 
season, with the report of the 
working party investigating 
“the present conditions and 
the future of point-to-point 
raring” still awaited. It is not 
likely to be submitted to the 
Jockey Club before the end of 
February, and it win be well 
into the season before its 
recommendations are made 
public. 

Although it is now 14 years 
since the Levertiulme report 
made wide-ranging changes, 
evolution rather than revolu- 
tion is expected this time. 

Among enthusiasts there is 
a wide divergence of opinion 
on the aims of the sport. On 
the one hand are the tra- 
ditionalists who believe 
pomt-to-points should be 
races between, and for, hunt- 
ing folk, while on the other 
are those who, if not totally 
committed to the sole pur- 
pose of "bringing on” three 
mile chasers, see little rele- 
vance to the hunting link. 

Perhaps the most conten- 
tious issue being examined is 
that of professionalism and 
where to draw the line. 
However, the "antis” would 
seem not to have too strong a 
case, as although spending 
money may bring some 
success, rarely will a financial 
gam be shown on the 
investment-' With prize 
money amounting to little 
more, than a week’s training 
fees in a livery, there is little 
chance of the balance sheet 
being at any time in credit. 

At present within the 
categories of owner-trainer, 
owner with employed groom, 
owner with horse kept in 
local livery stable, owner 
with a string of horses m a 
distant livery stable, owner 
with horses in a licensed 
trainer’s yard, the latter only 
is excluded from point-to- 
pointing (unless owned by 
the trainer or his wife). There 
is a strong lobby for the line 
to be drawn further to the 
left, but perhaps both factions 
would be satisfied with a 71b 
penalty imposed for horses 
trained in livery yards. 

Too little use is made of a 
system of penalties and 
allowances to make racing as 
competitive as it could be. 
Consequently in a high 
proportion of races there is 
inevitably an odds-on 
favourite. Though betting 
may be of little concern to 
the working party, at the 
forefront of their recom- 
mendations should be pro- 
posals for attracting more 
paying customers. I am not 


are enter- 
year of 
leading 
its, and. 


tale 


alone in avoiding meetings 
whete the normal situation 
above is exacerbated by 
greedy bookmakers. 

Sponsorship has never 
been stronger than it is for 
1986. As I have already 
reported. Audi have in- 
creased to £6.000 the added 
money for the final of their 
adjacent hunt series, and 
Land-Rover have replaced 
Diners Club for the men’s 
championships at Chepstow. 
RMC continde with the 
ladies’ equiva 
Grand 

mg their 16 
sponsorship for 
horse in point-t 
of more recent introduction, 
the leading novice rider. In 
the East Anglian and north- 
ern area, Strutt and Barker 
put up the prize monos for 
49 races and . . 
painting by the 
equine artist. Judith 
to each of the three win. 
in the area championship 
Credit for bringing mo 
money into the sport goes to 
the Point-to-Point Owners’ 
Association. Their tireless 
efforts in this and many other 
aspects deserve to be re- 
warded by a seat on the 
Jockey Club point-to-point 
liaison committee which 
administers the sport In feet 
there are thoughts in some 
quarters that they should play 
the leading role. 

. Essential though the Jockey 
Gub is - with Wetherbys for 
the office administration to 
prevent any skulduggery - the 
spirit of point-to-pointing 
may be better served by 
broader derision making. The 
present oiganisation could 
■then address itself more 
directly to the graduation of 
point-to-point to National 
Hunt racing through hunter- 
chases. 

However perfect the 
organisation, there will al- 
ways be friction. Those pres- 
ently in control can take 
pride in the feet that point- 
to-pointing has never been 
more popular. Last year new 
records were established for 
the number of hunters’ 
certificates registered (3826) 
and the total entries for the 
193 meetings at 32,764. 

The same number of meet- 
ings are scheduled for this 
season, which starts a week 
earlier than hitherto with 
meetings on Saturdays at 
Twesddown (Staff College 
and RMA Dragbunt) and at 
Higham (North Norfolk Har- 
riers), and continues through 
to June 7 for the Torrington 
Farmers fixture. 


SPORT/LAW 

Law Report January 29 1986 


Whether duress a 
murder defence 

SssSSSSS 

SSC ' s? 35tf*Jayr JB 

Before Lord Lane, Lord duet • become impossible if they 
Justice. Mr Justice Russell and obliged to direct the jury no* 


and 



_ _ 5-10-12 -C Smith 

DUMBSTRUCK (D S&ngsBy) A H Brisbounw 8-10-12 M BrisDoume 
"SB (Food Brakm Lid) p D Cuntel 6-10-12— 


MUCH) CELTIC DPnST(A Letihtrm) a 
DUMBSTRUCK (DS& ns&y) A H 
BOO-2DO FERRERO-KMDER (Food Bn* 

0R2/UFP KUSH MINT R3 Johnson) J A Edwards 8-10-12 
mu» IVY ROYAL (tot 


, (tot P Bomtarcn P J Bomtonl T-10-12., 
(Mrs J Watwtari Mrs P Rtoby 8-10-12 

fT Price) T J price 6-10-12 

(Mrs D 


0 KAUAKHA 

FP40-0 LBLAWAY . _ 

60 LEVANTINE ROSE (Mrs O Junta) M C Pipe 8-10-12 

0-00 UTILE MYND (T Pearaon) G H Jones 7-10-12 G Jones 

00442/4 UTILE ROSIE (Mra A Pateraon) 

E H Owen Jin 9-10-12 K BURKE (4) 
OP0-O40 RUSHOtSE (B DiAas) Mrs B Dukea 8-10-12, 

F SAFINCVA - 

34X000 SPARTAN 


Fixtures for 1986 


F SAFINCVA u Hole) 0 Burchel 8-10-12. 
NATIVE (P 


Brannon) A W Janet 6-10-12. 


5 

8 

10 

11 

12 

14 

15 

16 
18 
19 
23 
26 
26 

27 

28 


1915: (2m) Mearte 5-11-13 G Brartey 8-1 J OU 17 ran 
Evens Atrabates, 6-4 ton Song.6-1 Lttte Rosto.10 Anagmora Deu^tar.lB others 

4.15 CLIFFORD HANDICAP HURDLE (£1/175 3m If) (17) 


11200/F ANGEL BANK (Cspt J Uunsden) J A Edwards 9-10-10- 


0/0-0130 LEWIS ESTATES (DXBF1 (Lewis Bras) Mra M Rknsfi 8-1 0-6 „ 
23F/F1S SAMMY LUX (K Durai) K W Dunn 8-10-6 


WO STHL . 

4-14210 ASMK) (M re J 


Rattans) I 
Chadwick) 


P D CumM 6-10-3.. 
F T Whiter 7-10-0- 


-R Strange 


200/P2P BALAS (tot M Horton) P E Horton 11-10-0 
2000-3U GOMGO (R Brown) R L Brown 7-10-0 
00/02PU BANNOCK PRINCE 


—6 Jones 
Brawn (7) 


(toe J Cooper) K Btohop 8-10-0. 

4FFP02 BLACK EARL (A Greig) I P Wente 9-10-0 P Dover 

00-0080 ROCKMAN (Mrs P Rigby) Mrs P Rigby 8-10-0. 


p/00003 TULLA HUS (M Grislier) LG Kenrard 7-10-0 — B Rowel 
OP3400 BEN'S WAY (R Carrington) K S Bridgwater 7-10-0 W Worthington 

P003/PP LANCE PRIVATE (T Pocock) R E POOOck 6-10-0 

PPOQ4-4 HOPEFUL CHIMES (MW C Reynolds) Mra J Croft 7-10-0 

1185: Notate Patrofl 1-10-5 G McCourt 8-1 C James 16 ran 

100-30 Asmid. 7-2 Echo Sounder. 4-1 Mortca, 6-1 Lewis Estoas. 8-1 Sonny Lux. 

2AS JUDO MARINER HANDICAP CHASE (£2,603 3m1f) (9) 


1 

2 

5 

6 

7 

8 
10 

11 

12 

13 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 
22 


320100 MITHRAS (C-O) (J RttWI 
210/003 BOHERASH (H McCaB) G 


BOHERASH JHfa 
F34100- SHOEMENDBI (P 
I F3PI-P0 MASTER CONE (I 
21230/P- HASSI ITMB. (R 
down 


B Preece 8-12-3. 


B Balding 8-11-8 S Sherwood 

IP R Bedford 9-11-5 C Gray 

raj-V - - 

l amnia) r 


Feb 1 Norfi Nortok Harriers, at Hteanc 
Staff Cottage 5 RMA. Sandhurst 
Dra^ands el Tweaaktown 

Feb 8 CantaMgesfire Hamers, at 
Cotenham: test Comwafi ftnhowfc. al 
Great ^ Treftev Oxtord Uriwreity Hunt Club, 
at Wngston StounC 

Feb 15 Easex Farmers 8 Urtgn Foxhounte. 
at BqWda; MdOevon FMhouxft. at 
OBBry St Mery; Smsngnn Ftertounds, at 
□unccxnte Fwc Unfed 
LaricNL 


Serwes. n 


M G Reid 9-11-4 — P Oerar 
Yerdtey 8-11-0. 


03110-0 HAND ME DOWN (C-O) (Mre E Tucker) R J Hodges 9-10-13. 
2/01001 AUSTRIAN CORPORAL (P Axon) 

P A Bowden 8-10-13 (7 eor) R Dentes (4) 
QF1-200 FOLKLAND (W Yeomens) D W ArtMhrat 5-10-12 


2-0 RUSSIAN SALAD (E 
CARADO (B Wheatley) M 


F Jordan 7-10-12 
Pipe 5-10-11. 


.R Hyen 


321000 PASS ASHORE (Mrs M Jackson) M Oliver 7-10 
. ^ ofcver 8-10-8 


044230 FREE CHOICE 
1P0/URF H AMD K QA1 
aanoo BRYMA faHN 
■ 4POOOO SOUfRE 


Mrs M Oliver) 

(Mre R Krripe) Mra M Rknel 7-10-8 


(C-D) (Mrs M Paling) B Ptefing 6-10-7. 
TRELawnY (G Pryce) P J H*be 9-10- 
TBt (Q (Mra T Seniw) C P WMman 6-10 


1 -11 P001 CASTLEWARDENfM Shone) J A Edwards 9-11-12. 

2 3020/PU LATE NIGHT EXTRA (C) (Ll Col E PhiMps) KC Bs 


Belay 10-11-1 


00/043P- SKISKELTBt (C) (Mrs T Senior) C P WMman 6-10-5 W Knox (41 

PBP/201- WMSQR BOND (Steel Plate Ud) P 0 CundeH 8-10-4 

1985: Damprar 8-10-1 G Newman 5-1 J Baker 16 ran 
3-1 Boherash. 4-1 Mtthras.S-1 Carado. 7-1 Free Choice, 10 Russian Sated.12 Hand 
Me Down.14 others. 


F 


WINDSOR 


GCHNGs soft (inspection) 

2.0D BROCAS NOVICE HURDLE (DIVISION 1) (21067 2m30yd) 
R 2 f)unners) 

02UM0 BE MY LUCK (D Grahon) R J Hodges 5-11-10 

ssssftff vsx= 

MM FWE*BAT^4ra^ ^Srteon)*?^ Ftong WI4 Ja'wb«j 
mo« MORAL VICTORY (Mrs K Perrin) G B BMdtng 5 = 11 : G_R_Guut(7) 


3J30 BROCAS NOVICE HURDLE (DIV1SION2) (£977 2m30yd) 
1 OOP-12 CWABUE (USAX&CH (C Read) C P Read 5-11-10 
F71F KMGHTS HEIR (H FBtay) L Ughtorown 5-11-10 
04-0 AHROWOOO JUNCTION (l»qXR Lamb 
BULANDSHAR (ABtypo Fumtore Co I 
N L-Judean 


1 . 
2 
« 

1 

« 

I 

1 

3! 


. <3 

50 

51 
53 
a 


S35 JSTSS JR 

o WiDQBrr norvEv 


PowM) P D Haynaa 5-11-3 




ME (Wt R DWiraJrfl 6-10-12. 


P 0 


CoanafcH’ WBdraan 5 10 12 WKNOX (4) 
HawtaiQ G Thomer 5^1(M2_ 


K Gteert J Cosgrew 6-10-12 
'mn) K A 


1 sssasdej'. 


Morgen 4-10-7 
Ltd) GTI 


S3 

294 




Waldron) 

Construction Co LhnS Thomer 4-10-7 
-10-7 -G Lxndxu (7) 


4-10-7 RBaftoir (7) 

Mrs J PKrnan 4-10-7 

woodman 4-10-7 

Hobbs 4-10-2 


4 

5 

7 

8 
10 
11 

13 

15 

16 
20 

21 

22 

26 

27 

28 
31 
35 
3G 

37 

38 


POOpP-P 

OOOOP 


OP0O4/D CORDITE SI 
PO DALLAS SMTH 


03P/0 HILL WILLIAM (T Ware) P R Hedger . 

t H5 Cooper) GJttSeratay 5-11-3 


Lomtarri J Ooagram 0-11-3 
Ltd) DC Jormy7-11-3 G OM 

«n5-11-3 ' 

S Tafciton) N D Patoteg 7-11-3 
«rt 

C Chapmen 5-11-8 R Bdttow (7) 
9-11-3- 


Q MR CH1DHAM 
00 PE CAPO 


P R Hedger 5-11-3 

ByCuftay8-11-3Dtoapby(4) 

TOMORROW’S WORLD (Mrs H Cotos) 

_ C P WMman 5-11 -3 W Knox (4) 

3P/0-000 TOWEMNB K Robson) R E Btaksnay 7-11-3 -Judy Btskenm 

■OWE POETRY ro LlndwrwowJ) 0 B Ltodarwood 6- lb-12 ' 

POP BROKEN TACKll (G Mesdmra) D A Oughton 4-10-7 

1 BRUNICO (C-D) (T Rennclen) R SrmpSOn 4-11-0 
PO LOVER COVER (USA) (Mrs A G 
POO VE&UVE (USA 

000 WINTER TEWL . 

0 CHATTERBOX GiRL (Mas S Annstrong) 

, , RCArmytege 4-10-2 BPowel 

00 EASTERN LAUGHTB1 (D TayUr) B G lera na 4P10-2 J H Darias 
LADY KUJUE (R Jwua) N A GassSM 4-10-2 _V MeKeritt 
IMG: Fotwwam 4-10-7 D Smith 25-1 R Akahuret 19 ran 


Qwraifi J S Kind 4-10-7 
Ira J Pitman 4-10-7 


gflBBpua (E HauMorfl) S T Hants 4-10-2 


EVENS Bruraco. 7-2 
12-1 Odiara. BUNKERS: 


4-11-3 SCKrigM 10-1 A TUrnaB 22 nm.154j Surat House, iw 
Bakfruick. 8-1 Moral Victory. 10-1 Spate No EriL U 

; 'Windsor selections 

By Mandarin 

-.00 Siomi 3L30 Nickle Moppett 3.00 Membersoo 3.30 
Brumco 4.0r?°^p IK ) 4.3 0 Open The Box 

^^jwaaiagBgigLBw ° g ~~~ 
£1&ian«Eg 


Hot, 5-1 Cbnebue, 8-1 Vesuwe. 10-1 Lady KXane. 
4.00 OAKSIDE NOVICE HANDICAP CHASE (51,491 2m40y0s) 

1 &21222 BHtOUNK BOY {Bjrobnk Computeru LSt| 

P MteteO 7-11-10 R Dunwoody 

Lodge) J Psmrtt 7-11-5 

■ R C Armytage 7-11-5 — 

ThatoM 6-11-4 -J Sulhem 


0440F1 HIGH 
O0-1FP3 TWO ■ 

o-oooof vaueyH 

3130-02 THEYFOBO 

30-FWMM^H 

002-340 SOUND 


10-1 1-10 P Scudamora 
p D Haynes 11-11-4 __ A Webb 

T Casey 9-11-4 (7 ex) 

S Dewnport 10-10-11 

G reate r) J yfibter 9-10-9 G Ma m agh 


gwffiaSAitojmte tifr^sTP— srs= 

TUDOR “ 


L G Karmard 11-10-0™ B PoweB 
n o Parnmo o-io-o. 
a 11-10-0 


Lteh He EMr9-1(M) Mr S Steryood S-4 P.Mjtc tef e ran 3-1 

-00 BOVENEY HANDICAP CHASE (C1.S32 3m few yds) (13) 


2 

3 

4 

5 
8 
9 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 
7 

18 
-re 
21 
22 

1985 Balrm 7-10-1 R Gotatato 10-1 D fotasea 10 
94 Traytard. 11-4 Autumn Zulu. 4-1 EuroMc Boy, 7-1 Two Eagles. 8-1 Hgh Ridge. 
10-1 BamWL 12-1 offers. BUNKERS: 2 6. 

4-30 COPPER HORSE HANDICAP HURDLE (£1,220 2m30yds) 


UOOUQ-P STARGAZE 
PPOri fB GOOLY (M ! 
033040 POLO BOY 
PO-34 8ARHAT . 
P/O0P0-O ANNA'S 


10 6 JUDY BLAKENCY (7) 


(A Carver) C C . 

SAinsbuj) T A Forster 8-11-3 H Davies 

LG Kerrori 5-11-3 B Powefl 

L Bower) 

Mae L Bower 7-11-1 R Rowel 
Sniff) M C Chapman 6-10-6 — R Battour (7) 

ndarson) P D Haynes 7-10-6 - A WSfab 

! BaUtog) G B Baldtag 6-10-6. 

(Mra V Casthxfine) S N Cote 5-10-6 
(J Btetaney) R E BtakMiey 


04*4020 GKXJNBU (D Thomas) K A Morgan 6-10-6 . ... 
400006 PROUD PILGRIM pjady Btacfcar) JWabter 7-106 





Kermerd 10-11-0. 


-B Powafl 




. R C Aimytege 12-10-12 

P G Bteey 0-10-10 

Duioaaa 8-10-8 (5 ex) — 
9-10-7 - ,H Dimas 




B Ttotort S Malar 8-106 — ~'M Hemrigton 

SWmSST? 1 ^ - BWl ° P 


«« ®=5BPif ss s 

— aw io-> M "■ 


ran 

Play The Knave. 7-1 


3 

4 

5 
8 

7 

8 
10 
11 
13 
IS 

17 

19 

SO 

24 


9100 YOUNG NICHOLAS (B Ourtem) 

N J Henderson 5-11-11 S Staff ECctes 


131100 MAUSTRANO (J 
203P44- REBEG (Mrs B V 



2tB/W00 THURSTON (Date AdriSStS LM) □ 
13F-000 TIC .ENID. (Mra P Sly) Mre P r 


T Casey 5-11-8. 

— T A Forster 9-11-7 
A Moore 8-11-3 
.DA 

Y Ray) A P 
0 H Banana 
8-106 


H Davies 
G Moore 

- - 0x1 
. _ 7-n- 

0-T1-0 P Nichols 

u Besard 


113-323 MX WOODCOCK (Mrs T Osvte) Q Nnderstay 5-106 

FOOOOU JBMAMS JC6) (G Shoamarld A Tume* 0-106 

303822 OPEN TIC BOX (USAXBF) $ Mason) _ 

G B Bakfing 7-10-3 A Charter (7) 

333/0P0 SELBORNE RECORD (Mre G Jonas) Mrs G Jones 8-10-3 

212000 FRE OCEFTAM (G-O) (Ufn 8 Cundy) 

M Madgrrick 8-10-2 A MsdgwJch 

841600 BARRSU LAD (USA) <R Townaorafll! 

R 0 Townsend 6-10-0 Mr □ Townsend (7) 
001600 APPALACHIAN (T Shear) C J MMr 7-106 


Woodcock. 10-1 Young Nkffote*. 


6-11-10 P Leech 4-1 M 
.76 


Melon, 4-1 . 

1 MaSaraw, 101 


Pipe 13 
CMte A N 


01 Rb 
16. 


Feb 22 Army. _. 

tows foxhounds, at &w un Benwldc- 
flNre Faffo u nd s . at Frtarts Haugh: 
Boheraor Hsntara, a LemMac Cambrefea 
Unfedrsity Unfed Hunts Oub, at Cottanhan; 
MarxSp rennera foxhoundB. M Nadgac 
Norm HeretonMbs Foxhounds, at Nsw- 
awn 

Mw 1 Bkastv a warden mi foteounds. a 
Mofogm Duke 01 BeeutonTs foxtmnta. 
at Dtamston; Eastern Harrars. at Mgham, 
itastay Hambtadon. at Badtew Rtags; MB- 
Surrey formers Dragnounets at Cramo: 
Pembiutaotea Foxhounds, at Soowston 
fot South QxnwM foxhouids. at Great 
Tnuhuw. South Dirhem Foxhounds, at 
Vtatertw; Txanon Foxhounds, at Odary Sl 
M ary; Mfest Rror 6 Mirafn FoKhcuxis at 
Alnwick; Wan Shropshire Oratfnuntte. at 
Wa5ton fork; 

Mar 5 ScxJff l taral oitWara Rnhcxavta at 
Gwnons; 

Mar 8 Awn Vala Faxnounos at Nedg« 
Brecon Fdxhounds, at Uanfiynach: 

sty Fbxhounds. at Bnx*tetoy Perk: 
Cheshire Forest FMuunds. el Tattoo Rwk: 
Cumberland Farmers Fbteouxla. M 
Dtenin; Derwent Fontnunds. at Wytatoem: 
Dinricn Hamers, at Cosmssey: Worth 
Ledbuy foxhounds, at Upion on Severn; 
OtMey Faxhofeiis, « Newton ftomswortd: 
Slwncxi Fanhouicb. at HWdarc Souffdorin 
5 Eridge FoMhowxls. at Parhem; Western 
Faxhotndi. at W ad TO nd g e r , 

15 Cambridgashire Foxhounds, at 
Horeetea* Coossmore ftanoirafc. at 
Garthorptc Dari Vale 6 Hteton & 0 Pool 
Harare, at Otteiy St Mary; Grfdsn VaSey 
FM101MS. at Bredwaratee; Heydon Fox- 
hounda. at Comndge: Hctdame s s Fcac 
homds. 8J Daton Park; New Fbrset 
Bucfchouxte, at LariMb Ckontock Stag- 
hounds, 0t vwkn Sr W.W. VwSTs 
Ftoffowas. « Eaton Hat TtvysUa Far- 
Poinds, at LjxMap; Tteasaktown Cub. at 
Tweseidowa 

Mw 22 omriey 8 Horsham Foxhounds, at 
Psrtwn: Curra foxhounds, at Homoc 
Eflflngton Foxhounds, at Bogtete: 
n tz w feam Fnhotnla. at Oanaet ian i ; 
Grafton Foxhounds, at MdkigtoK 
RuHord Fd gxxjrxte, a t towfiig ' 

^xx«H, a «r i ^ealde G< FWc Lamerton 
FOnffauncts. el Khwrthy: Ross Hmn. at 
GemxiK v.WH. Foxhounds, ■ Sddimn; 
Veto of Ctoiiwr Foxhounds, at Erw Lon; 
Wesson a Berwefl Harare, at Hedge: 
Wlion Foxhounds, at Bsdtxxy Rings. 

I AShtard vaiey RwhouxH. at 
Charring; Cauuiock Faxnounds. at 
Beanwiotor; Ctewtand Foxhounds, at LMe 
Ayton; Garth A S. Series Foxhounds, al 
Tmiaedowt Ledbuy Foxhounds, at 
Masamore Re*; UnKngow 5 S B*i ga iw > 
Fbxhounds, at OaMOK Monnoumstaa 
Foxhound s, at Umsplw; North Stoflord- 
FcRhounds at tendon: Vde of 
MtatMV Foxhounds, at KbrittK veto at 
tune Foxhounds, at WHen um Wavunoy 
' H ?wIl. VM30 ^ d p *“f l8 V 

3*»ngtoldLoax>fia« 5 Ccmdray 
foxhounds, at Midtusc East Kent fox- 
hounds. at AUngm Egnestord Fox- 
hounds. at Bahopdo^ft Essex Farmers 6 
Urxon Foxhounes. at Marta Toy. Fax 
Bara* FdxnoundS. at wad B Oridg n: North 
GOISMGU foxhounds, « Braatxnay, North 
Shropshire foxhound& at Eytorvon-Sewc 
OH BortiahM Foxhounds, at Lodangec 
StMffdown 5 Ertaga Feethomto, a 
HeaMeid: South Note Foxhounds, m 
Newanc Soun Pentacteatwe forivxnfe. 
at Lydsap: Stawondte Foxhounds at 
Wykehem; Talyootn Foxhounds, at 
FatytMteofelMc Taunton Voto «re«s at 
Jordans; Tynedaia Foxhounds, at 
Cottodge Vine & drawn Foxhounds, a 
Hsdwnod Park. 

Apr 1 ' Cnxxne 8 W. WanricJesfws 
F o xhounds, at Upon-on-Sewnc Duntnas- 
shre FOrhounds, « LflCkertito; rtflh Rate 
Htoiare & N-E CMshn DrartuHs. at 
Flagg Moor: Pjartey Foxhounds, a 
Guasoorough. 


Apr 5 Btockmore 5 ^arWord veto 
foxh o umto . at Wnaw es to n ; Btamh a m Moot 
Foxhounds, fit Imffaitiy: CMorvon-Teme 
Foxhounds, at Bremyartt: East Essex 
Foxhounds, at Marta Tw: Uannbhy 
foxhounds, at Howcfc hfarpeff Fox- 
hounds. at Tranwet North Carrawl 
Foxhounds, at W ndetxirign . Point 10 Port 
Owners AssoctaSoo. at Ashama: Roy* 
Arttery Faxhowxto. at LarkMt Somhwoid 
Fntewxis, at Caffokne. 

Apr ^ Heyttrop F m ff o und s . at CtRtang 

Apr 9 East Dawn foxhounds, at Chant. 
Apr 12 Batotr Foxhounds, at Garihonwi 
Cotswold Fbxhcxmds. el Andowrsftxrt 
Glamorgan Ftahowta, at COwbretae; 
Hampatona ttmt Foxhounds, at Hsckwood 
Paris; Hoicomtw Hunt, at Whltangton; 
IsmSom Foxhowds. at Bmartey; MeyrisH & 
'& Stafforosrxra Fdxhnnls. a Sandorc 
MKkftton foxhounds, at VUtewel iff the 
Ht Parey Faxhorexts. at Atowndc; Porenai 
FwhouKb. at Bedtuy Hogs; Pudundae 
5 Thurin* foghouida. a Horeateafit 
Spocsiars & W. Dorimoar foothounds at 
FUnr KAtcrthyr Wlust KWV Foxhexnds. M 
Rsnahurac West Somerset vaia Rxdxxxids. 
at Hedge; Whaddon Chase Foxhounds, at 
Urns Harwood. 

Apr 15 Duke of Buccteucn's 8 jedtarest 
Fnhounds. at Friar's Haugh 
Apr 18 Axe veto Harare, at Stafford Cross. 
Apr 19 Aftenaone fox h ound s , at Otatmv 
axwnore: Bedato a west of Yore 
Foxhouids, at Betfefa: Burton Ftaehounds 
at Carhoknx Bves of Derwent foxhounds, 
at Tranwe* Camwltenshre Foxhounds, el 
UdstaJ; Chetere Fteftounds. at Alpraharn; 
Ssex Foxhounds, at Marks Toy: Pegasus 
CUi (Bar), a lata Horwood: Seaxfakri 
Fateounds, at Cnaret Scuff 6 Ytest WBs 
foxhamds. a Larani; neshan Foxhounds, 
at Delina Tredegar Farmers. etUantamam; 
Tenon Fonhowds. at Omp: Wheatland 
foxhounds, at Batatay. 

APR 23 Tiverton Staghouncto. to 
Osiunteyi. 

Apr 26 Berks 5 Bucks Draghomis, to 
Krigsnn Bkxxc Dartmoor Fbxhomds. at 
Flete Pak; Eas Sussex & Romney Manff 
Fwhounds. a BaxM; Easex 8 Sufic* 
foxhcxxidB. a Hgham: Fito Foxhounds, a 
Bricormo Mans FH & Danbetah fox- 
htanto. at Eaton Hsft PemynTi Fanxxnds. 
a iterate Major Quom Fdannds, a 
Garitxxpa; South Dorea F o xhounds, a 
Bafibtxy Rtogs riocaante foxrxxndB. 
a ated^ta ^OorttottYoikAAInetyHma 

Apr 30 South Dtrwn FoDdxxnto. a Htedon 
May 2 SuftoK Foxtnns (Erenxig) a 
Ampion. 

tr fogfenwto a wfesnn 
Fnnouids. at Woodtorct 
Staghnxxrs. a 
Homuato; Feme Fbmounds. at Qngtoy; 
Lauderdale Foxhounds, a Mosshouses. 
Lbngsnor Fudxxnas. m 5- Mary H* OU 


Mr Justice Taylor 
[Judgment given January 27] 
The House of Lords is to 
decide whether duress was a 
defence to a person cnarad 
with murder as a principal in 
the first degree (the actual 
killer); whether one who in- 
ched or procured by duress 
another to kill or to be a party 
to a killing could be convicted 
of murder If that other was 
acquitted by reason of duress; 
and whether the defence of 
duress foiled if the prosecution 
provided that a person of 
reasonable firmness sharing the 
characteristics of the defendant 
would not have given way 10 
the threats as did the defen- 
dant. 

The Court of Appeal gave 
leave to appeal to the House of 
Lords when certifying those 
questions as points of law of 
general public importance in- 
volved in the court's reserved 
decision to dismiss appeals by 
four men convicted of mur- 
ders. 

Michael Anthony Howe, now 
21, and John Derek 
Bannister, now aged 22. were 
convicted at Manchester 
Crown Court (Mr Justice Jupp 
a jury) on' two counts of 
urder and one of consp ira cy 
murder. Howe was sea- 
to custody for life on 
count concurrent and 
BdQnister to life imprisonment 
on each count. 

Cbrodms James Burke, now 
aged 21, and William George 
Clarkson, now and 39, w ere 
convicted at the Central Crim- 
inal Court (Judge David Tudor 
Price, the Common Serjeant 
and a jury) of murder. Burke' 
was sentenced to custody for 
life and Clarkson to life 
imprisonment with a recom- 
mendation that he serve a 
minimum of 25 years. 

Mr Michael Self, QC and Mr 
Peter CricbUm-GokL assigned 
by the Registrar jof Criminal 
Appeals,' for Hi 
SdC QC and Mr 
assigned by the 
Criminal Appeals, 
nister; Mr Be net Hytner, QC 
and Mr J.R. Foster for the 
Crown; Mr Michael Self, QC 
and Mr Roy Wame, j&signed 
by the Registrar of Criminal 
Appeals, for Burke: Mr\Alan 
Suckling, QC and Miss 
Ellis, assigned by the Regil 
of Criminal Appeals, \for 
Clarkson; Miss Ann Cura< 

QC and Mr Tim Langdale 
the Crown. 

The LORD CHIEF JUS- 
TICE, giving the judgment of 
the court, said that the appeals 
arose out of two separate cases 
in which the issues were largely 
similar; They were heard to- 
gether by consent 
The first victim of Howe and 
Bannister was a youth aged 17 
called Elgar. The attack on him 
was positively nauseating. The 
appellants asserted that they 
had acted as they did through 
fear of a man rolled Murray, 
believing they would be treated 
in the same way as Elgar if they 
did not comply with Murray's 
directions. The appellants were 
what would have earlier been 
principals in the second degree. 
The judge left duress to the 
jury as an issue. 

A similar course of conduct 
took place in the murder of a 
man named Pollitt. The appel- 
lant? were in the position of 
principals in the first degree 
and the judge did not leave 
duress to the jury on that 
count. The third intended 
victim was a man named 
Redfern, who managed to 
escape. Duress was left to the 
jury on the charge of con^jir- 
acy to murder. 

The appellant Burke, then 
aged I& shot a criminal called 
Henry Botton, aged 63, at 
point-blank range with a sawn- 
off shotgun on the doorstep of 
his house. Burke's defence was 
that be agreed to shoot because 
of fear' that, if be did not, they 
would be killed by Clarkson 
but the gun went off acciden- 
tally so that the killing 
amounted to no more than 
manslaughter. Duress was left 
to the jury in respect of 
manslaughter. 

Trial judges were obliged to 


upon what the law was fro 
what it ought to b^butwas 
not. That was not thetr duty. 

Judges might often be as- 
sisted by eminent writers 01 
commentaries, or by academe 
writers, as they had. distilled 
the essence of judicial de- 
cisions. Judges should, how- 
ever. be careful to disregard 
those parts of their writings 
which suggested what the law . 
ought to Dt but was not. 

just as the trial judge had to 
decide what the present law 
was so had their Lordships 
court to decide whetoer the., 
trial judge came to the ngnt 
conclusion. It was no m<w 
their task than h» to deooe : 
what the law ought to he, 
although they might express 
views for what they were ■ 
worth, if they fell the situation 
So demanded. 

What then was the law. 
relating to duress in murder . 
roses which those two judges 
were obliged to expound? 

Until 1975. there was no 
difficulty. Kennys Outlina oj ■. 
Criminal Law 15th edition. 
(1936) p84. said: “It is..ciear 
that threats of the immediate - 
infliction of death or even of 
grevious bodily harm certainly 
will not excuse murder”. 

Russell on Crimes 12th 
edition (1964) p90. citing (1- 
Hale 434) and (1 East PC 225), ■ 
came to a similar conclusion. 
There was one possible excep- 
tion, killing by reason of a.- 
necessity imposed by ciicunK 
stances. _ '. 

However, in R v JDudlev ana 
Stephens ((1884) 14 QBD 273). 
Lord Coleridge, Lord Chief 
Justice, said “ . . . If Lord Bar 
con bad meant to lay down the . 
broad proposition that a man 
may save his life by killing, if 
necessary, an innocent and 
unoffending neighbour, it cer- 
tainly is not the law of tbd 
present day". 

The result of the House of 
Lords' decision in DPP for 
Northern Ireland v Lynch 
([1975] AC 653) which was 
binding on their Lordships as it 
was on the trial judges, was 
that duress was open as a 
defence to a person charged 
with aiding and abetting a - 
murder -whether, it seemed, he 
was present at the killing or 
not provided that he did noi 
himself do the killing. 

The position in law of the 
actual killer remained the same 
as it was before Lynch that is. 
he did not have the defence of 
duress available to him. Their. 
Lordships were reinforced in 
that view by the majority . 
decision of the judicial 
committee of the Privy Council 
i AAbbort v The Queen ([1977] . 
AQ 755). 

two judges in the present - . 
were correct in their view 
as tii what the law was at 
present and their directions .to 
the jury accurately reflected the 
true position. 

It was true that to allow the 
defence to the aider and abettor 
but not 10 the killer might lead 
to illogicality, as was pointed 
out by the Cburt of Appeal in 
R v Graham {Paul) ([1982] 1 
WLR 294) but that was not to 
say that any illogicality should 
be cured by making duress' 
available to the actual killer 
rather by removing it from the 
aider and abettor. 

R v Richards ((1974) 58 Cr- 
App R 60) was incorrectly 
decided, but it could not 
properly be distinguished from 
the instant case. In those 
circumstances, their Lordships.', 
were obliged to follow the 
decision until such time as it- 
was overruled. 

In roses such as the present 
where an accessory before the- 
feet had prevailed upon an-, 
other 10 commit a criminal acv 
a more satisfactory rule would 
be to allow each to be 
convicted of the offence appro- 
priate to his intention, whether 
or not that would involve the 
accessory in being convicted of 
a more serious offence than the 
principal. The judge was in the 
circumstances right lo direct 
the jury as he did. The appeals 
were dismissed. 

Solicitor; Director of Public. 
Prosecutions. 


Problems of bail 


tonsnnm: 

cGrow* toy 3_Ata»te n Fete 
Hurwonn owon 6 Somerset 


Sony S Burstow 
Pontfe F 


egina v Neal 

Experience of the Court of 
Appeal had shown that it was 
not always wise for an applica- 
tion to be made for bail 
pending the hearing of an 
appeal against sentence, 
particularly if the application 
was made soon after conviction 
and when the sentence was 
comparatively short. 

Lord Justice Lawton, silting 
with Mr Justice Hollings and 
Mr Justice Michael Davies, so 
stated on January 28 when 
dismissing the appeal of John 
Lewis Neal against the sentence 
of 12 months' imprisonment, 
of which six months were 
suspended, imposed on his 
conviction on October 21. 19g5 
at Nottingham Crown Court 
(Judge Wilcox) of destroying by 


fire a chair, being reckless as to 
whether property or lives 
would be endangered. 

HIS LORDSHIP said that 
the anxiety of applicants to ger 
out on hail was readily under- 
stood. and the desire of those 
advising them to do all thev 
could was also understood. 

However, on many occasions 
the court had taken the view 
that a period in prison pending 
the hearing of an appeal was 
enough for an appellant But 
when the appellant had been in 
custody for only a compar- 
atively short time it was 
exceedingly difficult for the 
court on the hearing of the 
appeal to say that that period 
was enough , for the purposes of 
justice. 


Forest 5 Craven Hum. el Gtstem 
Unfed Foxhound*, m 


Tome Vatoy 6 
Br a : ste al Brynt 


toy 5 C (toy. a Chard; EnMd Chocs 
Foxhounds, a Nantaw Mr. Gasctens 
Fooffountte. at TMMdowrt Radnor 8 Wes* 
Hereford foxhauxis. a Curtete Souf 
Snopslira foxhounds, a EjnotKx>SB«®Ts 
Btenfcwy Foxhounds, or Cartoftne. 
Stevenstone Foxhounds, to Cnmp; 
WSnMcfcshire Fbxhounds. (Eweran) at 
Ateronw Wa* Sheet -foxhoux£ to 
Aldingto n; Zefland Foxhounds, at Wlaon 

May 10 ARntton Wbodtand fodwnis. to 
CnaddostoyGMietcBBdBwateFMiounds, 
to Wetherby: MnateM Hamers & 
WGomrat Foxhounds at Homcoto : 
Modtxov Hamers, to Flete Park: Surrey 
Union Foxhamds. a> Fapar Kotow. 
TodMorff Foxhounds, to lotmi* vau oi 
Aytestxxy foxho u nds. (Euanxiffl at Kingston 
Btxrrc VWast Mrtjfc foxhounds, at 
r akan hom: Ysvad fortxxnds, at LtertMt 
Nfeor. 

May 17 Gommld toe Farmers Foxhounds, 
a: Andowrafortt OUwnon (WBsQ fox- 
tKxnls. to Bratton Dowrt Uandaxo formers 
Foxhounds, at Erw Lon; Mascn Hunt Cko. 
to Gartnome. 

May 24 Otororton (East) foxhounds, to 
Otenragn; toto of Wight foxhounds, to 


Possession no offence 


toy 26 »tow Forasr FoMunig. to LarWtet 
South Tenet Faxhotmto, to A$tmw 
toy 31 E x moor foxhante, at Bfeten 
Doha 

June 7 Torrington ■Fermara foxhounds, to 
UmberisigfL 


Reid ▼ Kennel 

A person proved to be 
knowingly in possession of 
infringing copies of cinemato- 
graph films in which copyright 
subsisted at the time of his 
possession was not guilty of an 
offence of infringing copyright, 
contrary to section 21(4A) of 
the Copyright Act 1956, as 
amended by section 1 of the 
Copyright Act 1956 (Amend- 
ment) Act 1982, merely by 
possessing those copies having 
purchased them from a third 

"It Queen’s Bench Di- 
visional Court (Lord Justice 
Lloyd and Mr Justice Skinner) 
so held on January 15 when 
allowing the def cn dam’s ap- 
peal agfittst his conviction by 
Harlow Justices on March 14 , 
1985. in respect of 10 informa- 
tions alleging offences contrary 
to section 21(4A). 

LORD JUSTICE LLOYD 
said that the justices were 


wrong to construe the words 

•uLT? y of tra f Je *' “ section 
21 WA) as meaning “via trade** 
so that a person was in 
possession by iray of trade if he 
purchased infringing copies 
from a trader. A person who 
bought such material for his 
own con sumption could not 
be liable under section 2 1(4 A). 

To establish guilt under that 
section, the prosecution had lo 
prove that a person in pos- 
session of infringing copies 
with foil knowledge had them 
lor the purpose of trading with 
them, either by selling or hiring 
them out in ihe coarse of 
business. 

MR JUSTICE SKINNER. ' 
said that the words 
way t»f trade*' were 
intended to define die quality 
of the possession, not the 
Source or the offending ma- 
terial; that is. possession had 10 

be such as 0 trader and not as a 
consumer. . 



.L_; 








* 



/ 


4 


r- i 




THE TIMES WEDNESDAY JANUARY 29 1986 


BIRTHS 

. iw*5££L! <0 w | w- .. 
**£,«£*"*■ tt'Swr" 111 

ssr.i £“*»-« 

" SH 1 .* On arm .frTHinry 
^WgHoraMbi «" Mart* 

S22L “*■* ’*»'>« » 
' ■gES f* J -"° - ,0 * w 

on 26u> January ai ft, 

• TSV' tta W^“" 5 

-4™ •BoBny a daughter. 

DEATHS 


r ~T*r January 22nd 1986 xud- 
S y* ’, J 1 hpw tal and of 

Qfientiill Farm. Hrtkw. Am- 
. JWW WIIHanv ago 61 yisSFZ, 
*22!?? RAF. former 

Works Manager wtlh Unilever. 
County Oounnuor and Counru- 
"»» Swekpon mbc. ihe 
. ,AUHJ| loved huMnd of Marie 
* gg--*ST taltKT « Aimeltr. 
Sarah. Carotvn and victorta- 
AK». aervic* and Inurnment al 
Mrttor Parish Churrti 

•' I*E2«W January 30m _ 

- a-OCten. I irony flowm only, 

gut ** donations U 

Meflor Parish Church. Ennui 
ry Malcolm Shaw ft Son mow 

, a n ag 76- 

*w*»wt On anui January 
1986. peacefully ja SI Marys 
House. Bungay. Kma Mary 
Anderson MBS lUofn Funec 
■f JB SweffHng Church 
Wednesday 29Ui January 
.r 12.30 pm. Emnxnes to 
Cos scy. Tel: Bungay a 1 73, 
HYMAN • In January at home. 
Stanley beloved hushand of Ux» 
■ale dare, failier of Saul and 
brouter of Mr> Edna Epstein 
Cmnauon 3.50pm Wednesday 
29 lh January. CokJert Green 
Crematonian. Hoop Lane. 

- London nw is. No Itowm. 


MEMORIAL SERVICES 


SAMUEL • A memorial srsk* 
for Donald Samuel will be Held 
at inr New London synagogue 
33 Abbey Road. NWS 
^auUy February lOUi ai Som 
STEVENS . Martin JP. MP Fid 
. ham since 1979 Service 12 
- ■ noon isth February ai Si Mar 
gareltv WHffllnlrr. Donations 
la Cancer Research Campaign. 


IN MEM0R1AM 
- PRIVATE 


CLEFHAME- In kning memory of 
Irene, dearest sister, a uni and 
• tnul a uni. S9H January 1982 
AM in our (noughts. Peter. 
2Slh July 1981 
MAHON. BERNARD. 26<h Jami 
ary 1972. In* loving 
remembranre of my darling 
Bernard. Mused so much 
jowlm 

MURRAY ■ CMe In memory of 
the one and only. He who had 
style and stood out a mile 
Daughter AmuorQr. Harry and 
Nan. 


ANNOUNCEMENTS 


Mr lain Brodtr 
. . BuHalunn Kinrhurdy Road 
Boat of Garten 

. Cues notice lhal In 2 months 
following me publication of ilm 
. ■ notice l intend lo moke appllra 

'•Hon lo strathspey and 

Rulcnorti DMTfCt Council for a 
■ . license lo operaie a Bird Garden 
at Loch Pul lad em Aiicmare. 
• hmumauurr. 

.- A notlre of inc Hiientian la an 
_ pH- for a Too license giving 

- details has Been sent lo the said 
Council and may be inspected 

• 1 in Iheir offices. HMh Street 
• Vina id fie between 9.00am and 
- S-OOpm. 

- Signed tain Brodtr. 

TAKE HEED unlo Ihysetf. and 

ilino the dom-me: rontlnue in 
‘ them l Timothy a 16 
BONHAMS MONTPELIER Mod 
■ rm Art Courses see Education 


MARRIAGES 


Jlr.AK. Gaums to Mrs. K f Gray 

■ . the mamage look place on 26th 
‘ January 1936 u Barbados be- 
. ' tween Anthony Kenneth Collins 
. ■ of Torley. South wood. Ayr 
• shire mid Mrs Kathryn hobel 

* Gray inre Alexander) 
. Du nation. Monition. Ayrshire. 

• -01-785 6222. 


BIRTHDAYS 


.-KERRY NASH. 21 today. Une 
■ vflnur and cUtf All my love. 

’ "Thonu*.i2£. 


FOR SALE 


IMOmEinnfCCCfimii^ 
day PUS VK*ra 319. TOP* TV. 
91 Lower Stamr Stmt. Lon- 
don SWl. 01-730 0933 


BAUME A M ERO ER . SALE 
TIME Last Few day* Etegwuy 
•tylecL precision crafUd SMB 
watches ny u “ ‘ ' "" 


of ine art. SeteeM modem ai 
ball once now. until Jan 3isi. 
. .Baumeft Mercwrot Daim Mor- 
•- rlt. 38 Conduit SL. Wl. 01.493 
Btaa. 

BAUME A HUM sale Ume 
Last lew day* Organdy styled, 
pr armon -crafted Swwv watches 
by 'undisputed masters of the 
ail. SrHcMd models al hall 
, 'pftreiww, unMI Jan 3tsi. Ban 
me A Merrier ai David Moms. 
» Conduit SL Wl. 01-493 
8182. . 

r-Sale Time Last 

, Eleganlly-uvled. pre- 

(MiitNM Swns watches by 
umsopuied mailers of the art 
Selected models al half price, 
now until Jan 3 1 a Baum* A 
Merrier « Daiid Morns. 38 

Condon Si. Wl 01-093 Bl 82. 

CAYS, STARUOHT 

We has e urvets for mese and all 
-' ' gya trr and sports. TH: 631 


171 A All maw 


637 

crrd U cjrdi 
A BENEHTUBE SCATS. On Mock 
Excel lenl rondillon. North 
sftnd Cardiff Arms park Of 
frrs oxer £8X300. Reply to BOX 
A2A 

■me TUBES Original lames 1B*& 
1986 Other mm avail. Hand 
bound rnatv lor pmrmollon 
m ".Afco -Sundays" i!2 SO inrf 
— Remember wnm ai 688 6323 


MUSICAL 

INSTRUMENTS 


ox 

new C23.O0O Boxondorler 911 
m new £17.250 New 
BmnMkHfrr 611 7” £17.000 
Contort Horsham Puna Oil Ire 
..'**00031 54223 


ANIMALS & BIRDS 


mmialure wire 
haired K C. reotsirrrd ready 
-now. Hark. Ian brlndle 0722 
T2736 


FOOD A WINE 


SMOKES SALMON slkred. C4 99 
per laor inrkMina soil and 
parking Tri 0o73 60743 


HEALTH & BEAUTY 


ANOREXIA NERVOSA sufrerer 
tnifn accounts of expetimres 
Rum ihoxr who Iwxc oierrtmv 
H.’Rrofiex to 58 Dukes Aicmie. 
London W4 2AF 


SHORT LETS 


tin London To rent rtr 

oant rmlral London Ceoraian 
Mue Sterne S 3 naltirmx. 
£250 per week 2Tlh March 
loth April. Ol 359 9952. Ol 
739 8234 <24 hrxi 
ST JAMES'S PLACE SWl Very 
smart 2 bed. x < apt next lo 
Park Manl inn 373 6306 (Tl 


FLATS HARE 


CMOUHLEY 

- Ideal l-d floor (la I lor couple. 
Chile bed. iw of mod kit. hath, 
rerm overtookma rose gardens 
and communal lennn murk 
Cxrelleni xeruntv Only 5 mm 
m 'lube and all local Carildies 
£365 pem mci. Tel: 794 6167. 


WANTED pole 


seeks xpanous bed sitting room 
central London up lo £250 pent 
Ol 731 0258 alter 7pm 


IL 


F. M F. newly- rom cried 2 
. 1 bed rial Med sue with en suite 

"sbbwrr £220 pm mrl dose lo 
many bus routes and B R 
SMII Ross Ol 622 7582 from 
IO an 

CHELSEA COBFMT ST. For 
ytmn lei lo arm lady »• in 
"loirlx lwev.nn i nlbrrlaav All 
. inrl IBOpw Tot tl 362 2840 
.HAMPTON COURT 3rd M F lo 
•hare tome man. all lanh £33 
pw Ol 769 0005 -D Ol 941 
6621 E 

LEA4MAVE. NEDS M F lo share 
Mix house, o t. nion In only . 5 

.mm-, a R jo mow eiK £48 

pw 0707 323434 ext 3458 
MARIA VALE Pmf F o Hr rm. 
lux Hal tod pw rxcl I Mill lube 
IN 404 4444* X 3008 Of 935 
0043 exes. 


Mafc * «■« 
S -JMOpw 
3S ^ 200 <‘ » 

E?e* 01 7880079 
*™pWr nn in newly rammed 
oaro™ fiM. rtuxe lo Time, ch 

«0®w tor Ol 668 6464 Exl 

*** gE PRR- MNe female 2*u 
” Mian- romlanaiM* CH mai 
■pnwt* O r. £130 pem. Trl 
01 879 0533 


.. - oral- mature female n 

S hafc ramfortabie house, a ■ 
aaOOprm mci- 01-789 5320 
CAUMCN 2 people share room m 
modern lux flat £46 pw earn 
Ol 267 OOli. 

riMOOf Prof mature nude, o . 
m wort house cira pw exet. 
380 0202. 

OLAPHAM. nr. lude. n s. o 
Clean llaixbaro £32 pw. Tel, 
Ol 720 3321. 

ctrae n Ctly. prof m I. 20* in 

Share hoc Hat a r Cl 75 pro TN 
JIB 01-265 0117 exe. 

ES single room, phxtum family 
Use. 8 nuns Llxerpool W. CIBO 
pern au inr. Tel Ol -606 Sill 
FULHAM O R. Prof person, 
■bare lux equip llaL £50 pw. 
M F Ol 570 0999. 

FULHAM, o r Prof person snare 
lux equipped flat £50 pw n «. 
Ol 370 0999. 

GLOUCESTER M> SW7. 41b per 
Mm. 25NUS- £166 pem mrl. Ol 
864 8196. 

ISLI N GTON Large beosil prof f. 
n s. sb Ml bathroom £173 
pr m mrl Tel. 01226 2465 
urns Venice - iot f sj* ip 
snare flat o r n.s £165 pem 
excl Ol 289 5198 exes. 

ST. JO IMS WOOD Share lux lid 
suu pro! person. £66 P-w. 
Tel XU-289 6653. 

SW1S Lively Graa. 24*. Very 
nlre me. O R £140 Kin Ol 
9aa Os 67 alter 7 pm. 

SWA. Prof F.n a.o rbiCH.Itol 
£42 pw. exrl TeL 01-671 
0225 alter 6 m 
SW7 2nd F. late 20**. own sngl 
rm. mixed flat. £170 ixrn mcL 
Ol 373 0106 afler 7pm 
IW12 N S prof F. shore IUL 
£155 prm Inrl. TN 01-673 
1148 oiler 630 pm. 

SW9 F lo shorr me wrtBi 3 other* 

0 ft. £35 P.W Spurs TudeOl 
733 6120 

SW18arWJ4LO r hi wen main 

lainrd rua £35 pw exrl Phone 

01 352 4040 day ume. 

W2 uncaqrr Cole. 2 minx lime. 

6 r. o b n x. £60 pw inr. 01 
248 1212 oner 6.30 am 
WIMBLEDON VILLAGE o r -In 
c h. hie. garden, share wilhj l 
other. £40 exet 01-946 4690 


RENTALS 



LONQ LET. MSB PJW. 


Buchanans 

Lcnmg & Management 

01-3517757 


GOING 

OVERSEAS? 

WE HAVE WAITING 
COMPANY TENANTS 
WANTING TO nBr .- 
VOUR HOMEBf/ ‘ 
CENTHAL/SW 



tics 

01-4231 
MONTAGUE PlACE Wl Su- 
perbly / refurDMItcd 

nuHonMle wwi 3 bets. He- 
oaut rccen hvilh marble 
fireplace, wing halL 2 
baihrms. FT mchen. gas CH 
£473 pw. . 

HT WB Bndll 
sporlMis Hup close 10 Ken 
large recep. 3 
bedrmv /ll kilrhen whh 
breaJdasf area. 2 baihrms. 
Italian style garden, gas CH 
£400 gw. 



POOLE A BUNNS 


SQ. SWl. 

If-fuUr refurb UNFURN 
3 dbie. 1 sgte beds, rie 
it recep dtnmg rm. lined 
I. 2 baths it en suite) lilt, 
porter, long ro lei. £650 pw 

CORNWALL SONS SWT. 

4in nr rial. 6 beds, 
recep din mg rm. ku blast, 
bain £l90.pw. 


DRAYTON GARDENS 

SW10 

Spacious well dec flat 4 beds. 
2 baths, cloak. 3 receps. 
kll.bTasl. £630pw 

ENNtSMORE GARDENS 

SW7 

Albracuxe flat 2 beds. bath, 
rerep. ML £2S0pw. 

ORR-Ewlng Anoruies 
Ol 581 8025 


ELVASTON PLACE 
SW7 

krmuoulatc south toong 
prnmguia La mth qaiage 2 dtsc 
beds, recep lonnj to> 81. bam 
mth show up WC . i> hiishen 
iwm-tfl Lili & porta 025 p* neg 
Pleasa confacl 


> al 

M HI 3823. 


PALACE PROPERTIES 

!Vc haxc uipcife seknion of 
personally mspcciiil fur- 
mshed 'and unfurnished 
properties in many fine resi- 
dential disinetv ranging from 
flOil pw id C.mi' pw. 

TEL: 01-486 8926 


ELVASTON PLACE 
SW7 


Imnurulale south larum pem 
house Hal with CAR ACL. 2 
dblebeits. irrep idimng for 81 . 

bath wnh xbower xop W C . I* 
kil <wm d< LUI A poner 
£325 pw neg. Please- ronton 
Sueanne Conway al Saunders 
Kensington on 01-561 
3623 


PALACE 

PROPERTIES 

1 * r Imx p d Mmrrb xelev lion ol 
prrxnnalli impeded 

turn mixed an* unturnMhed 
progrrlim in many fine resi 
demul dnlnrix. raapng 
from ClOOpw lo £2.000 pw 

TEL: 01-486-S926 


SOUTH 

KENSINGTON 

Sparlaiix 2 bed ILM nr lube 
Large riven. wiUi Iona bay 
window kiuiwn w dryer, 
balh X men i-nlrvobone A nw 
porter long Co M £296 pw 

GODDARD & 
SMITH 
01-930 7321 


KNIGHTS BRIO CK Brand new uu 
deswued 2 bed Hal Recep w-db 
long wmdewx onto Park super 
tobxe ku nalh a xep kC Rex 
housekeeper Co. long M £650 
pw Goddard A bcinlh 01-930 
7321 


BARBICAN Boar torn 1 bed IIOL 
bain, xep wc. L shaped, loxetv 
ieu) of Lond o n. Co let. 6 
mMllKx UeOpx uu- homing 

and u ground parking God- 
dard 4. Smith Ol 430 7321 . 


PMLBCACH CONS *W5 Now 

al I i lux x o a dMe bedrm 
flat, know kixb. rti Pmale 
gdnx Co Lei UBO pw Also in 
Moron i Dram run Cl 15 pw 
Tel. Ol 720 5312 tfi 


S.W.LO 2 beds. 2 Ulln ground 
Ikior nal in prnod bmoe 
Reeep with marble lure Lore 
aHighllin polio. 'Ce |ei f 
monllw* C226PW Goddard A 
Smim Ol 930 7321 


tunemoit FLATS a 

ax ad a read lor duBanvdv ex 
eruliiex Long A Nuirt |ef» m ah 
areas LdMOend A Co 48 
AlbernuTte St. Wl 490 5334 


PERSONAL COLOVfljS 


RC UMB'CHFT L8Txpwto j; 

Ms we haxea large sckTP «^ " 

luxury 12 3 4 

With mud serxire rnforWr «*■ 

smned and centhHIv 

AnSrlA wiKLintv oi -soe ■ wcr * 


BATTnOe* Sur ^rft h tf 
nuiy lumshra weHeuuumoaa 
bed flaL Enh> 

phone, tuny 

p w pm ro lei 057287 447 


P.W. UWF iManaommi See- 
vieexi Lid requne oroiKeliexin 
Central «*9uth 4n6w«H.«2*« 
areas for wading dpUKanth. 
Tel- Ol 221 8838. 


KOUMGTONWB.SelfeonlfUnra 

studio nm in prrvafe house. Qui- 
ef Wrouon. rool lerrarn. £lOO 
pw. mci- CH. chw Ooowxaaa 
6261. 


KMGtfTSBIHOGE Nr Harm*, 
urge i bra IVH In small Mock 
wdh m housekeeper Co M 6 
months - £260 pw me 
CH CHW Goddard A Smith Ol - 
950 7321 


QUALITY furnished flaw A 
houses in all areas. Hunters. Ol 
837 7366. 


E u Gortar Flam urgently reqiarra 
for Co Lets in OB Control Areas. 
Ol -491 0646. 


HAMFSTCADk FuBy lurnHhed 
luxury nal. Superb efegant de- 
roe' french window* A 
tub-gates lo ad rooms it Mgb. 
reding* Mg lounge, master 
bedroomm A batnroom ensuio. 
2nd doiaie bedroom A bam. 
room, luxury kitchen Odi 
£200 pw 01 722 2366. 

CA B OGAN FLAGE Penthouse. 2 
bra*. 2 baths, timing, strap 
rereo noffouy. CH. chw. curr 
ufcee. pmale no. 

Tennis gardens. FuBy- rur. 
nnhed Lei min 3 mtadDL £288 
pw Tel. 06663 704 lor bppouu- 
mrni to urw WednaOlay. No 
agents. 

FLAT own ml. 2 per. 2 bed. Pur- 
ley Tastefully deraMra. Fufly 
fumishra. matntaufcd aertoded 
«anim. WoterML Garage 
Available Nr xlnrfan. 120 mins 
Victoria Wateitom. £290 per 
oaonlh. Professionus goto. Ol- 
660 3696 office hrs. 

furnished. 3. gam nigh ston- 
dwd bungsWw locmm Home 
Counties. South can secluded 
novated POAtlon. Trains VKt. 
La.wmte Available March. 
Box No 28171. Tunes Newxpa 
Per*. POfin 484. Virginia SL 
London £l. 

VERMBBTCR Plmllro- Folly 
furnfadmi and rqxnpped ItoL 
Large Hxmg room. 2 am dm- 
rooms, mud kKchen and 
oamsoom. washing machine. 
4Wi washer, rmour TV Quid 
smm £180.00 pw. TM 01407 
«*pa oi4ai »4oi. 
NWoTIATOR reoutmL Fur- 
ahned rental al Ken-dngion 
05 ire Previous rxpenenre nec- 
essary. Good opportunity. 
-Goman Richard Simpson 
F.S V.a. WUUom WIBMI 01-730 
3438. 

RUTLAND ST. SW7 Lovely 2 bed 
Me Snacunn rer area. 2'ballw. 
w r. Ig* ut - dining rm. All ma- 
chines. entity cm. gu r-lt. 
r.h w. snun roof terrace. Co 
M. 1 IT. £500 p w. Xv IlUam 
WUini. 730 3436. 

AT KOOHNOT 0*L Superb Soon- 
Mi style luxury flat 3 bra ms. 
Huge lounge with fomaio. Gas 
CH. wash macs. Video entry 
phono TV Hr. £285 pw. CO 1M. 
Tel: 01-993 3606 
ELVASTON PLACE. S W.7. M Rr 
nal with balcony 2dbiebeda. 1 
iwren. UL wnh nuriv. bain- 
room. 90* CH. CH w Com* 
13 milts £185 pw. TA 
William Willett 01 730 3435. 
MONTAGUE SQUARE Wl. StU- 
aous lanMiy malsonHte. 3 Ige 
bedmts. recep- dining rm. 2W 
baUmm. nr. value al £399 
pw FuU details, w TP. 935 
9512 

ST JOHNS WOOD. Substantial pe- 
riod Me. Newly refUTtL 5 
bedim s. 3 rec. 2 In sinu s, lovely 
terror r A gdra. Ctas* lo Ameri- 
can school Full details. W.T.P. 

01 936 9612 
BLACKHEATM TO LET £700 per 

month a bedroom house Mills 
professional family. Enquiries 
Dved Son A Creasey 01-852 
9622 

CHELSEA SWl. Spacioux rut on 
IN fir ol poiiered mansion 
Mork. Recep diner wWi fire- 
place. I f ML 2oeds. bath, shwr 
rm £2500 w Cooles 828 8251. 
CHELSEA QidH spacious flat. 2 
dtile bedrms. living rm. dining 
rm. GCH. eniryphone no mar- 
era. £160 pw. 01-458 4293. 
Hampstead (bordersi S election of 
modern 2 3 bed apis in Quality 
p b block. Gas ch. porter, pkg. 
£176 230 pw Greene 6 Co 01- 
626 8611 

HAMPSTEAD Redlugton rd 
NW3. rurn lloU dMe 1 sgl 
beds, dble recpJiJb.rlk.CH.iyr 
mm. Family only £260 pw Ol- 

794 1615 

MAHM VALE Own Luxury mod 
ern Hal m P.B block 2 dble 
bednhs. ige recep. hit * bamnn. 
Ear value al £170 p.w. W.TJ>. 
01-935 9612 

PEMBROKE GARDENS WB Spa- 
oous newly dec. iwr grnd door 
ItoL 3 beds. Ige recep dining, 
kil A nalh. avail now. L let. 
£220bw MaskeJls 01 561 2316 
PIED A TERRE University Sired 
WCt. Superb 7in Floor Studio 
ItoL sola bed sep. kil . avail, 
now £128 P.WV Co lei oc 
Estates 01-244 7363. 

SWl 1 close Oapham Junction. 
Prof m 1. Non smoker. Shore 
house. Chvn room. £220 pem 
■rthare Mils. Ring 01-223 3342 
alirr 615pm. 

SYDNEY NCWS BW3. Pretty 1st 
floor nal. 2 bedrms. L shaped 
recep . Ml dining, bath, avail, 
now l let. CS25 p w. neg. 
MaskMh Ol 581 2216. 

WB SUPERB 2 bed maisonette, 
newly dec A fum 1 recep. fUOy 
fit kit. 1 1 ': baths, bn. poner. go- 
raoe £276 pw. Allen Boies * 
Co 499 1665. 

YOUNG bivnDnenl Bankers seek 

2 6 bra flal in central London. 
Lnio £56 pw. For 6 months m. 
Ol 283 8811 rxl- 2293 Day. 

CHELSEA Spacious studio IUL 
bed oiling room. d&b. £110 
pw Ol 409 2106 or 01 352 
3061 afire 6 pm 
HOUSE, 3 beds. ch. garden, let. 
kids pen OK. £106 pw. OUKT*. 
627 2610 Homeioraiots 
HYDE PARK 'Marble Arch ESC 
value Lux 1.2.3 A a Hats A 
homes avail Long shon lets. 
Dnam 1* TP. 01 935 9612 
KENSJNCTON WR off Church SI . 
pk-avdjil mews ItoL lully 
eoinpoed. 1 bedroom 3 rnlhs ol 
£135 pw ot 229 2310. 

MAIDA VALE Double room in lux 
nal Share all modem laflhtiex. 

n. EeS per week inclusive. 
TH Ol 286 0317. 

min* Harrsda Exceptional spa- 
cious 2 bed lial. ideal euxr. 
direct une cily airport £175 
pw Ol 733 67TL 
HR PUTNEY Embankment spa- 
cioux 3 bed house, newly 
deroraira long Co M £190 pw 
Bucnonom 351 7767 
PORTCMESTKR SO. W*. Superb 
maiNoriellc 2 dble unevnerledly. 
Only Cl 80 pw. &.C Boland 01- 
2212615 

PUTNEY Lovely Georgian Col- 
iw m ouih si. 2 dble bed 
rooms, avail now C165 pw. Bu- 
banatn 351 7767 
ROCMAMPTON VILLAGE Sub 
xianlial fonulv House wilh 
garden A oaraue Lana IM £300 
pw Buchanans 351 7767 
STAMFOan BROOK Wl Super! 
or 7 bra ILK in mod bkirk full 
equipped kit. Cl 30 pw oc Ev 
Lues 204 7365 

WORE OH 4 6 Bed now 
ExrHk-nl arrnmodsuon Go LM 
ontl £-375 pw. Tel. 01 651 

4809 

SWl Enormous 3 bed. 2 recep 
not large kitchen wnh all (ru 
chiiww mead ramriv Long Co IH 
£-350 nw Buchanonx 361 77o7 
TUFNELL PARK Dbie bed. single 
bedrm. laror kwnoe. krlrb. 
bolbrm. c h. £120 pw. Helen 
Vs4mw 01 580 6275 

PLEASANT I bedroom 
I in lushed flat GCH. large nan. 
rrsmx RH* West Duiwirh Ol 

670 4261 

WANDSWORTH COAtMON Large 
lux. Ilal nr xin i\ irli All omens. 

£1 15 pw Oj lei 7«H 4448 1T1 
W KEN & contain lull I urn flaL 
dble bra. ige xunnv rerep CH 
rls iron sport £120 pw 01 946 
7 925 

BATTERSEA SWl 1 PreTtxi 2 bed 
(Lil. k-rai Co IH £120 pw Bu- 
rhanJiK 351 77n7 
CENTRALLY hrolra 1 bed fioL 
rerep. suit couple, cno pw. 
olhera Ol 627 2610 

Hnnirkoralon 


WI MB LE O OH/FOTwrr Lgr lux. 
nal. superb derar. lOimns lube, 
£150 pw 01-788 4448m 
Wl Hm nmiH for I 
£100 pw 01602 7701 


Efowm kenmngton bwt am 
w rarthr. very kght 2 be dro om 
rm ov-cvlookiag and wiui arms 
le. beautiful garden square. 
CH. 63 years. £117.600. 
Lummy Ud Ot 602 5654. 


LONDON PROPERTY 



An you a Hst Hdt 
B gw .nr ftfarhy Son? 



gswg'isg-, 

PDMte or write fa- a 


■ home buyers 

ADVISOBT SE&VKX 


Im maculate two bed Hal 
£176.000. 

H CKBF CH ANI BATE. SWl 

3 b«L 2 recep Ral on 2nd 
floor. Lease 87 
£196.000. 


fmnuculale two bra flat wren 
24 n rrcep room In modern 
pJ> block- Lease 129 years. 
£160.000. 


Newly 

rated iwo bed OaL Terms M 
be agreed. 

Apply la Sarah Young. Cow- 
ard A Co. 01-834 1957. 


.. .. ntn eofn 

L' HUMi denuira Irrchotd rsnvrr 
ston of vmih seif ranlMura ftott. 
Varan I £490.000. LUrow Lid 
602 5564. 


WCt 3 4 bed 
Oats hi ph. work tort CH. low 
outgoings 89 yr Me. £120X300. 
Brpwcn. Taylor * Co Ol 943 
8275. 

CROUCH KILL 1st floor flM In 
qwt rmdenual OreM. 9 double 
beds, roof terror* £46,000 
Phone- 01 -263 4172 evenings 


HNMHfTBHRBbCC Lux nal . _ 

Block. 2 beds. 2 bains. 43 yrs. 
£234.950. Imperial Elton 734 


NORTH EAST 


FT JOHN'S WOOD Pertly a bed 
character mews house tr 

charming cul-dertw. £120.000. 
Fully Healed. 0X 940 7989m. 

NWS I bedrm nal wttn 90n gar 
dm. Good dec. order. £97.000. 
Trl:267 3489 evei. 


. SOUTH OF THE 
THAMES 


VICE rurally 
home In romerx acton area close 

South Pork Gdnx. and Wimble- 
don Centre. Mo<L but whii 
weanh of oelg. froluns. 4 beds. 
3 recep. 801 gdns. Price circa 
£!SaOOO. 01642 6141. 


SQ BELGRAVIA 

Ground Door flat In 1 
serviced secure p. b Mock. 2 
bras. one reepL new 

AlimUmo NEFF KUChen. batti 

room, carpeted Ihroustioul. 
9- Charge £1800. G' Rent £200 
p.a Lease 74 years Price 
£180.000 for prompt sale. Coo- 
loci Owner TeL Ol 9308728 
(OffKCl 018366833 (home] 


• MASON 
SWl. Cheerful Itor. 2 beds. 2 
bams, roof terrace. 276 pw Tel: 
066-9842. 
ssni Prof. f. 2T+. snare lux. 
nse. gdn. O R. CM. Nr altopa 
£200 pem loci. 01-228 0648. 


NORTH OF THE 
THAMES 


KNKSHTSBRIDGE 

FREEHOLD 


ESLVOOO 

01-584 1528 
01-589 3654 


HIGHGATE VILLAGE 
Ft* occupimn lsl boot o« esfly Vic 
luran House 2 nans from mOhro 2 
OAe Bemra Lga Mr ad 
kechen/h htsam Sibmgnn <Mb 
French Doors to Lge Souddaong 
Bateocr Qi ed ooing GonSsns Lge 
modem Bamrm GCH Low 
autgoei^s Exceesnl aide mraupi- 
oul 9> yr tasSe 

£8Sj 00D 
Tel Mr Cbyne 
01 341 928 Mm 
01 *21 6S30 Office 


SW3 ouix 

hiHLxe xml si ume person, avail 
Obir nm». i;-4Qpi, aj| 8404. 
KNWHTBBRtDCE Suaerti studio 
oppHorriMx LUOgu inr CHW 
A CH. porter 581 5828 1T1 

block. Boroex Pulm Cl 30 
pw Ol R98 3618. 

ONE B£B. xr. Mill rmalr. rn. 

rerep rwx.lv drr. too pw. olh- 

2610 Homrtoialorx. 
PUTNEY Lour luxury iui. 2 
dWr brox. all annn Nr lube 
yjfr 1 LlbOow 788 444IPTI 
FUTNEV Sejrrmwx lop floor lurn 
Ilal in privalr nouxe I im mi 
pw Cl TMH 8513 
G BOLAND xperulne m the lei 
ling nl homes ana ilolx Cenlral 
Ln ndor i Cl jji 2e-i5 
SPACMKIS a BCD flul XT. receo. 
4dn w jxn man, niixp pw. mn 
erx 627 2c 1C Homeiixdlorx 
UPFOt IWMFOtE *T. 2 rms k A 
. p “- Hen n Wanon 

4 Coni suo c^TS- 
Wll Snun 1 bra Ilal jvMlaMe 

5S5 hv!? 13 Drr T<-1 01 


*J. 0 ■ txrnrr x iLil 
Mon r n Pr-i n, >, 
Inrl Ol 4So 21Sfi 


Prel F 
L40 pw 


NW8 

7ih Floor Flat 

OwrkHktac 

PHsuasam 

2 bedrooms, lounge • dbibig 
room. Ultra kiichra. 
luxury haihroam . Recently 
deroraira. 

£140.000 

res 01-S87 7SS7 


W2 spectacular Mew* Me. Hyde 
Park 3 dMe bedrms. 2 baths, 
master wiin en-suUe and sep- 
Shower A tacuzrt wllh terrace. 
Huge rerep and open plan oak 
kil and an machines. Spiral lo 
maanve roof irrrace Price Ml 
inn grnd fir. I bed gallery flat - 
Balh. Igr kIL. French Wnds 10 
gulrx privalr Mews. Garage. 
£375.000. Tel: 01-723 4133. 


FULHAM. Wed modernised 2 bed 
grnd Or. Dal. Dole gtad lounge 
wtlh stripped tun# Hr & gas lag 
fire. fK cupboards in HMh bed*. 
1 tv? n lit. mi diner, auracilve 
bottom. Sole use of gdn. Quick 
sole £64.950 mcL Fit cp Pi. ertns 
A appbanen Tel iSunl 01-731 
2546 IW 4pm. IWIUUVSI til- 
732 7609. 


rural A 

rerep*: Ige Ut. diner: 

4 S bras, lux balbmi. we«- 
nudntoinra gao. ample off- 
Street parking, quiet Ckne. 
£290.000. Tel. 4350606. 


_ ion 3 floors In 
conservation area SW6 DMe 
bed. bam. dMe recep. ML lge 
Din Rm 2nd Bed uullly. 
showier WC F and B Gdn 2 en- 
hances. £120.000 FH Ol 736 
6271 


urge (tot modern Mock, spec- 
tacular views, near iransp 
PHtudidy 20 nuns 2 bMrms. I 
rec. ruled ML lux bjthrm. wc . 
GCH. sunny balcony. £62-500. 
836 2882 day. 959 4957. 


3 4 

bedroamed maisonette for 
quick sale Price reduced as 
owner gotnq abroad. PrmciDOis 
and retained agento onl y. Fo r 
drlaUi apply telephone 0730- 
84479. 


JUDO ST. WCt Studio. 5Ui Boor. 
Large rerep. new sep Ml. balh. 
chw. rti. porter. Itfls Carpets A 
curtains Ckne eve. snaps and 
. transport £3*000 Tel 01-242 
121 2 CM .285 or 837 3806 ihl 


QUEENS GATE Plane SWT. Rare 

1 hoM luxurious and spacious 

2 bedrms. Man. Cl 75.000 OoO 
For quirk tolr. mot be mu 
Seleetanome Ol 439 8931 or 
w ends Ol 446 0761 


HMHGATE HflLL. fully rra. 5 bed 
terr home Llrcury Ml dliier. 
double rerpt. qc h . ong fire- 
places. £93.000. Ol 263 6492 
from 1 pm Sunday. 


EAST TWICKENHAM. Superbly 
restored 4 bed parted house. All 
period features reunited: close 
all amenues. £195.000 o.n.o 
View today. 01-892 426S 


SW17 EdwareHan terrace house. 
3 bnL 2 recep. gas- r.h.. gdn. 
excetlent dec. order. NR. Tube. 
8 R. and shops. £57.930. Tel: 
01-672 3141 w. end*, exes. 


WIMBLEDON - Bright tuck. 2nd 
nop) floor iibl now 10 com- 
mon. Large L.R. wtlh balcony. 
2 double bed*, niora ml twin 
room. gen. garage. 975 yr mse. 
£65.000 01 788 7465 home or 
Ol 222 773* OCT 120 
MMMMG 4 bedrm mock ludor 
del. res. on sought after Dul- 
wich College estate. Ext- decor 
£1484100 ono. ScotL James Ol- 
771 6211. 


DULWICH 


MED-B-TERHE Utoal flat Surrey 
dock 1 bedroom- spacious 
ground Hoar flat with direct ac- 
cess lo garden. £51.990. ONO. 
no agents. 01-237 8679. 


CHELSEA & 
KENSINGTON 


NORTH KEN A CHELSEA Reran! 
ty ram. development of lia 
cans'*. 1-3 beds. From 
£47. 950X84,950. Show 041. 
LPS 209-1799. 


HAMPSTEAD & 
HIGHGATE 


LUXURIOUS A MOOaiN 

Set in much aaughi afire 
west HmpiiMd tha a a 
bMubfully newly 

modernised Ground floor flal 
in a mansion Mock iwtuch n 
about lane cumplewty refur- 
DMiedl. wim 4 bedrooms, 
master bedroom wttn ensuue 
shower, cloakroom, partly 
Mira bathroom, brand new 
lully flura Michen. diner In 
modem grey and white col- 
our sc mine with oven and 
hob and all facutties. Spa- 
cious rerapuan roam wuh 
Ira pr es s! vr gas fir* srt fas au- 
then Ur tirrolace wllh antique 
bled hearth. Origbul cor- 
nices In an roams. Gas CH. 
entryphone. Unique option to 
buy private garden in front 
Use of ronunuiial gardens 
Completely recanreted. 97 
year tease. 

QUICK KALE SOUGHT 
mt BOB MM) 
U4SMU 


PROPERTY TO LET 
LONDON 


I rtng tin NX Ch a rmi n g Georgian 
collage in autet cuMMir dose 
to tra ns p o rt - dbie recep. swell 
eautpoed kilrhen. bathrra. Iwo 
dbie beds., small south lacing 
garden. Avail 3.4yrs. £160 
pw 01-369 21230). 

3RD YOUNG FROFCSSIONAL. 
Non smoker. Own room in lux- 
ury ItoL £160 pem. Call alier 
6 30pm. Flat 6b Bfahemore Pd. 
Streoiham. London 6W16. 


large dMe room 
shared house. Prof couple N s. 
£132 PCM P.P. Ring 0101175 
8pm lo 10pm Wed. 

BATTERSEA 2 dMe bed. immar. 
fum rial £500 prm i£250 each 
mil Tel 057387 447 view W. E. 

WJHCVDN. Large b«HL prof fo- 
male. N s. Share Mi balh. 
£175 pem Inrt. Tel 226 2466. 

SW1B Lively prof 25-*- o r dou- 
Me Lovely hse £160 pem- Nr 
tube 946 0667 after 7pm. 


COUNTRY PROPERTY' 


ORCHARD COTTAGE 

Nc Langpon. detached stone 
period 1 7c railage on 1 acre 
dn wed into south- facing gar- 
dens and maiure mixed 
orchard. 1 tnadous recep. 
overlooking garden, fully fa- 
l«l knehen with soMd fuel 
waHreucr cooker. 2 dMe beds 
It mth filled Tube! 1920E 
balhroom and sen. W C. 
Ample parking. peg. 

0468 251482WVCSI 


YORKSHIRE DALB! HP. 

Set in miles ot MagniEkrm 
vtiM semerr. Same buib * 
bedrm detached cottage with 

fan dM e. g Uemg a nd C.H. 

scpcraicdMc garage rear erufi 

and 2*^ acres gracing. Ideal 
family or baMa> home. 
Mortage aiaiJaWe £58J00 l 

TeL- (0756) 77300 


SCOTLAND 



non Ur mrl _ . . 

TV entry f&aPB moepcntfinl gas CH 

£90,000 

Phone 01-638-1942. 
Mon - Fri 
0227 - 831547 
Wfc/CNUfat. 


SUSSEX 


PERIOD FMWOUK 17m (W 
fury. Inmenookk beams. 6 beds. 
2 bathroom*, r.h.. sutdes wUh 
20 acre*, no* views sec-hated 
position, wamiuna. London 1 
hour. Offers m reman of 
£2SO.OOO HjbUow Down 
(82S8SI 72X asuasrxi- 


1 A 2 bed aaartments hi sougnf 
after toe Close lown centre * 
sea RenaeD-TeCL'cMIeM 6I6BB 
SUSSEX ■ Eastbourne altracttve 
new one and two bed apart- 
menu to sought after locaUon 
close sown centre and sea. 
Rendeu - TeL- Lckiiefd 61688. 


WALES 


CONWY NTH. WALES. Superb 4 
bedrm. archttert designed new 
tonne, in a small exclusive de- 
vetopmenl dole to ctoaury. 
£74.900. T*L04926B689«V«S. 


LAND FOR SALE 


CLAPHAM Charming period lam- 
By house mst modemisra u 
hHh standard. Ctose under- 
ground. DMe recep. Wl, b fafl 
rm. 4 beds. 2 baths, gdn. Got. 
£118^00 F.H. CorbeU 
Rutland A Co- 01-222 3162. 


MORTGAGES 


FAST, CONRDBITUL 
A FLEXIBLE 
-too* lo 1140000 0 13C*b 
9» u ntwoond 1333% 
m wtiMjeoD ^ iza» 
Cask aeon, r sags 

« am 

mw me hr s ttefl 
NKG. FERBS 

CAHMCrttoS CHEISM SHIOOOL 

87-351 7174 
(UFA MEMBERS) 


SOUTH OF ENGLAND 


Queen 

Anne Crade 11 farmhouse set lo 
2 acres o I mature 
gardens, Haddock. -wllh panor- 
amic rum views. 4 Bedmts 11 
master sullei 2 other banv 
rmxm. 2 receptions noth wun 
bigienooks Farmhouse style m- 
led Utrhen leading u 
conservatory, utility- docks, al 
Ur. Large Cellar. GCH. 
Garage. outbuilding 

(oarage. suWesTJ Exceflenl coo- 
dlltoa Ihrnughout. Freehold 
£130.000. 0304 203060. 


PUBLEV. spartaac deumra nun 
galas* an large MM. 5 
bedrooms. . bathroom, cloak- 
room. 2 wceMion rooms. 
HUrtien. parage, view*. GCH. 
dourer glazing, carpets, ample 
narking. Cl 10.000 fHAM. 
Ol 608 1*va 


BUNGALOW for sale, rural Ml 
lag* Mraiton. 4 rms GamrrbuTV. 
zimto Dover ptr 


(ton Mr extension. £46.000. Trf 
<0892821 474*. 


HARROW MCL. SH naira in Har 
raw Rark aojouiiaq Harrow 
school gptr course. An uxhvid 
uaily designed residence of 

quality. bxJn in 1966 far the 
present owner. Poem. hall, 
ckuk rm. living rm. duxng rm. 
study. Ml b'CaSi uin rm. 3 
brarrro. s baihrms <1 en suHeL 
dMe garage. VI acre beautifully 
landscaped gardens- Offers 
•round £226.000 F H Tel; 
Chrtslapher Rowland A Go Ol- 


III 


klrtx. < 


(ached house to * acre. 3 

rerepUons. 4 bedrooms. 2 bath- 

room* tl en suite), kumcn - 
breakfasT room, tmllty room. 

BPS CH icalorv attached garage 

BR Sin 7 nuns walk South lac- 
ing rear garden. View to Hogs 
Bark. Cl 70. OOO. woidng 4972. 


Si * jrnwffmQ Nr AiMord 3 
S Ss. fully rummUfd. lull CH. 
£45.000. TH During 2564 or 


WINCHESTER. Attractive Bovt* 
home -Ben c h yn‘ style. 4 beds on 
suite. 4 reccps. dbie ggr. Good 
views. Gonvemeni centre. 
£84.500. Phone: Winchoster 
36262. 

CHfGWELL. Dot nw. 3 dMe beds. 
2 bi herns 1-en-mUe. 2 rec Lge 
Michen laundry room, boac 
- gdn & polio Cixiams A carpets. 
£134.960. GOO 6973. 


WEST OF ENGLAND 


L/PCHITISHCAn. De- 

lorhed modern row level 4 
be di oomed house, sptendal un- 
brokrti views of channeL 
£73.000: Bristol 102721 

848211. 


MID 50MER 8E T- Glastontody. 
Small country cottage and gar- 
den in area dndgn at ra lo or of 
ouHtandoig naiurai beauty. In 
country Une. close lo tomne 
town of Glastonbury. Wanning 

p ei mini on obtained to 

pn baa idol hr locreese 

accomodation. Genuine private 
sale, oners milled above 
£29^00. Tel (04581 
anytime. 


LEGAL APPOINTMENTS 


LEGAL ADVISER 

LONDON £18,000 - £20,000 + benefits 

INTERNATIONAL 
MERCHANT BANK 

For Hifa new appointment, we are see king a qualified solici- 
tor to join our Legal Department. We invite applications 
from candidates in their late 20’s to early 30’s with several 
years’ post qualification experience, preparing and analys- 
ing Eurodollar documentation, either within a bank or 
within a City firm active in this field. Com mun ication 
fllriiu nnr? commitment are important qualities as duties 
will include co-ordinating the activities of E n gl is h and 
foreign independent legal counsel, negotiating with borrow- 
ers and lenders, preparing in-house documentation and 
giving general legal advice to management. 

Initial salary of £18,000 - £20,000, together with banking 
benefits, including generous mortgage subsidy. 

Applications in strict confidence to: 

The Personnel Manager, 

Box No. 2079, The Times, or telephone 606-9931. 


OVERSEAS PROPERTY 


TUSCANY. Hills avertoaking 
Florence. Agency vlUa + an- 
twice. 540 nv' total 7 apt* Up lo 
4 rms each, f lge tree lined gar- 
den. Martu-l value 700 millian 
Urn surrender price for quick 
sale. 300 rauuem. Contact Bull, 
ork. 0632-689163 eves. 


MUM Costa del SUL Fantastic 
viHa for sale. 3 beams. 3 baths, 
pool, alarm, solar heating- 
manefous views, land s c ap ed 
gardens, situa te d tn bus mas 
beautiful spot of MUas. 
£118.000. 01-451 6621 day. 
North wood 28643 exes, wkd*~ 


CMantt 

budding tots for Industrial eon 
■fraction, approx 15.00 O m 
overall: legal max sree approx 
4&000 cubic m each. 009 mu 
non lire, negotiable contort Mr 
Bollock. 0632-689163. eves. 


FITZHUGH EGGAR & PORT 

BRIGHTON 

We are seeking to appoint assistant solicitors to fill vacan- 
cies in the following departments of this firm: 

CONVEYANCING 
PROBATE & TRUSTS 
LITIGATION 

High calibre applicants can expect competitive salaries and 
realistic career prospects. Appropriate post qualification 
experience preferred- Non qualified applicants with suit- 
able experience and expertise will be considered. 

Please write, with full c.v. to: 

CA. DEACON 
3, PAVILION PARADE 
BRIGHTON, BN2 1RY 


MO JAPAN Sunny AMnetla. pn 
vale sole, superbly ronsfructra 
villa, near golf, bowls, rating, 
lennix. magnificent 

mountain/ mi views. Details 
phone 010 34 81-498 194 
Write AM 267. Carructia Abnr 
rta. Price £53.500 
equivalent currency. 


FRANCE 


SALISBURY Nr Coy. yet not 
overlooked. Substantial and 
spacious Edwardian style semi 
drt. family house. S dMe 
branny retaining original iron 
nreptocr* Soud wood fitted en 
famine MUhcn with Reybum 
GCH Slicing eSUbUStied gar- 
den. Del garage Exraumi 
con dit ion throughout. F.H. 
xaaooa tma-zsrm suer 
flora pi ease. 


Ml BOOK Village Hants. Lovely 
detached chalet style name, to 
t acre level mature garden. 
(Meal for paddock and suedes) 
4 bras. 2 baths, uullly dining 
room, lounge. fanunoiBe kb th- 
en. CH. In need Ot some re- 
decoration. Freehold. 

Bereavement sale. £127X100. 
Heckflrtd 10736831 616. 


EDUCATIONAL 
COURSES REVIEW 


Bshara School of 
Intensive Esoteric 
Education 

forties appUralions for the 
next 6 month courses at 
Ct u shoini* Home, sunuio 1st 
April and 1U October 1986. 

FOr further dritoto. aupura- 
Uon forma, wrlle tt 

The Secretary. 
Chlahotmr House 
Robersion Hawick 
Roxburghrtilre 
Tel 005-088-21S 


C«m WOLDS, Long Cbmpfon. 2 
rereniiy created stone railages 
Detocnra with 3 bed*. £78.ooo 
Semi-uetachra wun a beds 
£79.760. Both rmtsned to a 
high standard with NHBC war 
ranlln. Super hltrtlens. Douote 
garages and gardeos. CbtswoM 
Country Homes LM 1O6O81 
G0680. Phone anytime 
ORSCT. SeH-ronL wing ot 
period manor house. 2 rec 3 
bed., muai offices, g i r a ge. On 
mainiamed estate. Sea view. 
£66.000. CaiherMa 
Charmouan. 0297 608S& 


BERKSHIRE 


BRAY 3 yr executive style house 
on Award whuUng Lake SMr 
Devetopemnit. Compri si ng (me 
aspen lounge railing rm * 3rd 
rerep. Large filled 

talc hen bfasirm Utility 

ctoaks. a bedi-im tl master 
suilei 2nd bathrm. GCH 
N.H B C ? year. Oet dble ga 
rape F H. S.W. Caring garden 
£127.000. 0628 783861 


EAST OF ENGLAND 


LOWER SLOAHE ST. Bnghl tna 
nous 2 brarm hi bauirm fiaL 
9 yr lew al Gt.SOO P A re- 
newable. furn flu £52000, 
good imnimnu. 01 730 2366. 


TUFMELL PARK- 1 2braraomrd 
flal. south facing garden, g.c.h- 
quirt lor Alton. C5B.9BO. Tel: 
Ol 272 4706 oner hours. 


FBtCHLBY IU. Lux * spacious 2 
bed s level flal 9b years lease 
£60.960 01 349 3492 


£305.000 
Stunning 1920's serai, offering 
sumptuous acrom Meal tor en- 
tertamina 4 beds, 3 rerens 
■wllh mlK rorrun doorsl 
ggdgrira kil cbnrr Ctkrm. aoil 
cause rtose by. Off SiL Pkpg 
Landxropra gdn. 1 Freehold 
IXarnoioB Shep he rd 01-883 
1041 

OFF MOM ST. KEN. 2 garage. 2 
room mews roll xuHabtr further 
rrturntsrMnml by dwwsliraiung 
doubfr- garage. Around 
£120.000 Phone now 0865 
91 *026 Mirbael Spencer 

HAMMCMWMTH MMMS 2 bed. 

2 rerep Period house in seri tid- 
ed raldeuc hv Rner Thames 
al lurn Man Modernised wun 
garage LX 49.500 Today eves 

Ot 748 2873 

LfTTLC VENH9L Deitohllul f lal IP 
Warrmglan Crevtenl. Large re- 

ceplign. bedroom, flfllv fit Lit- 
tuinrooni Huge comnumal gar 
den Gas CM toS.OOO. 01 289 
6718 View Iadov 


ABBAS COMBE . 6 miles Irem 
Sherborne 20 ndhlOsH prop- 
ernes 5 barn conversion m a 
deiigntfulty unwue setting. 
laraB proto, archway. COMUev 
etc. 3 4 bedrm bouses A bunga- 
lows. £46.950 to C67.BOO 
Ctaoih may Choose kilrhen & 
bolhrm mtlngs AD amemues In 
nearby Templ e c ora bc 

vatorene Bunders i02B8i 
820414. 

KENT /DEAL. SPaetolM house 
really for omipatran. Town 
cetixre 3 bed ro o m s 2 reogpuon 
£39^00. 0304 388S5 


GLOUCESTER 


I OOMen Val- 

ley Central Slone Mews House 
of 3 only. Veranda. V Large 

Lounge Diner. Filled Kilrhen. 

Balhroom. 5 DM* Bedrooms. 

Lawnra Garden Stone Arbour. 

Ample 2 cor Parking Fully 

Dbie glared. CCH £38.9600 
only. 0463 886041 


IRELAND 


Georgian hse 
gdn grounds u sea. edge sH- 
lage. but total qu*n unihlm. 
all martuiirx. roov. many arise 
mlms Tel 1CK1 03677693 or 
Ol 722 3562. 


NORTH WEST 


rural del'd residence 
ram Sloth port Manchester, 
rail nriunv Pm an tale in re- 
am <d Cl 86.000 Oeuilt. from 
Bov Office No. 1702. 


fuHy com pro 
hmsise courses for begHirert. 
■nail clauses, a experienced lu 

ton leaching simple bonding to 
reconstruction of uslncale onu 
mrats. frond painlmg. glaring. 
modeilmB. atrbruahuig. March 
vocancm avariable. 01-731 
3226 or 01-603 6257 
SHORT INTENSIVE typewriting. 
Fun unu> day. 4 weeks, begin- 
ners: 3 Feu. 3 March. 
R e fre sh er: any Monday Tele- 
phone: Mrs M Phloosi 

Longhorn Secretarial College. 
18 Dunrav en SureL Mrl Lane. . 
London Wl Y 3SE. Tel 01-629 
2904 

PHYSICAL RESEARCH Trinity 
Cottage Studentship. Apptlra- 
ttons Un-tted before 7 March. ■ 
Details Iron Secretary: 32 Fra - 
Rood. Milton. C a mbridge 

CB4 4AO 

PRIVATE TUTORS in your DK- 
tncL all school subferu. an 
lexeto EdurMlon 

unllmued.iTTI Tutors 

LondonwMe Tel 01-390 1312 
and Ol -390 4634. 


A'lexei students. Brllanny. 
Easier. Details from A.l_l_ 9. 
Hoywra Sir eel . Harrogato. 
Phone 0423 529778. 
LANCHAM Becretartal OoXege. 
18 Dunrav en SI reel. Park Lane. 
London Wl V 3FE. Mease write 
or telephone for 
TH 01-629 2904 


OASSDf 6 kma SI Trope?. HIlIvU 
lage house dm*, panoramic 
sea views, terrace. 3 
£54.000. 01-946 31 la 


OVERSEAS PROPERTY 
TO LET 


ft. FRANCE. 2 superbly restored 
17th C (arm houses. Min. ham 
let. All mod cons pass pool use 
Sip 68 £185 - £265 PW. Tel 
Chertsey 666*1 eves. 

ZERMATT LUX OuM. Avail 
March 10-16 only sins 6 All 
mod rats. £280. 01-879 4387 
(office tarn. 


OVERSEAS PROPERTY 
FEATURE 


NONMAMIY. Ren. farm hxe 
bedrms. 3 mem. 45 nuns Le 
Harve Deauvioe. 2 hrs Parts. 
Approx 3 oc udus 8 ac possi. 
Out bun flings wllh ptonnlng. 
£128/100. 28 Trevor ft. Lon 
don SW7 or 1010331 31987461 


MAHBEUA. two bedroamed 
DueMo. Weeks 19 and 20 'mid 
May 1 Share Freehold In perpe- 
biHy Swimming pool, tennis 
court A inlenutkmal exchange 
available. Quiet resldenUal de- 
vetopmetil. £6.750. T. 0602 
306360 after 6.30 p-m. and 
weekends. 


IMPORT/EXPORTS 


EXECUTIVE wlUi inp level con- 
tarts ut the cam bean win be 
vtsmng'ihe area from the 8th 
February. C Unim U a fom accept 
ra for import and export UK- 
Cafrtbeun. 0702 617962. 


UNIVERSITY 

APPOINTMENTS 


University 

of 

London 

CASSEL CHAIR OF 
ECONOMICS WITH 
SPECIAL REFER- 
ENCE TO MONEY 
AND BANKING - 
TENABLE AT THE 
LONDON SCHOOL OF 
ECONOMICS AND 
POUTtCAL SCIENCE. 

The aei w de I nv i te anoUco- 
ttons for I he above Chair. 
A ppHc aliens HO cxquesl 
should be subrratied to (he 
Teachers' Section <TL L'nl- 
verslly of London. Main 
SUM. London WC1E 7HU. 
from whom further particu- 
lars should first be obtained. 

The nosing dale for receipt 
et aopi nations is 28 Febru- 
ary 1986. 


COURSES 


CHIROPODY AS A PROFESSION 

7h» awn hr On fransd men ty wani ifompotaf in ibe pr i nde factor a 
Increasing. Most of ra yanng neoassary lo quafetir IW a Optoma ai emrpoof 
au* M Man at none by wry NwcMsad eomspondanca lessens Mmh 
by U pmehaJ iron fag. YOu am into to wmM tor tha frao DootdH torn: 

The Secretary of dw School of Cfoupadp. 

THE 5HSE mamvn faaalMbM HTML 
Tha Haw Hsa fOapanmcot Tl) 

Balh Road. H H da — d. Bwtrnwn SU OLA 
Tel: IIHda nlu ail 0M2q 3H4S 121100 24 bores). 


BONHAMS 6 wk full Ume. CSOth 
Visual Arts Course UOrtx 2Wh 
April Apply Principal 01-684 
0667. 


SCHOLARSHIPS 


EATON COLLEGE 

King's & Junior Scholarships 


Every year. XboW 14 bay, of an! 


I 12« 


13 Win king’s Scholarships to Eaton All Ifrese wttoiars get 
•MB remnaxui ni fees automatically, and fob remlsdon N 
s«™ry. The 198b Urtmlarship examination will be held at 
Eaton irren 18 21st May The dosing dale for appheabans lx 
28 lb April 

Six Junior Srhoiorshlpx are aha odered ra vovmaer boys 
Of outstanding promne. Candida lei mial be aged IO on 1st 
September. 19B6 and must he attending a county or vohm- 
forv primary school Alter iwo years al a seierira 
prenorniorv vrhool ox day-hoy or Boarder. > Junior Scholar 
la»« up a reserved glare ai Colon Full financial osoMUnce 
cov eriag noth srfrooix re provided where needed- The 1986 
Jon 10c ur-naiarxntp Cunum will be held al Eaton on 
2b<n * 27in March The riosuig dale lor gnscumb is 1st 
Marrn. 

Appitralnxi (arm. and oil further defaits may be dOUtoed 
from: 

The Regtalrar. 

Eaton College. 

WINDSOR. 

Berkshire, 

SL4 6DL 


TRAINEE 
COURT CLERK 
£3,384 £6,753 

Applications arc invited 
for the above post from 
persons with initiative 
and drive, who wish to 
pursue a cancer in a busy 
court and become a qual- 
ified court cleric. The 
post will be of interest to 
Bar or Law Society final- 
ists. newly qualified 
barristers and solicitors, 
law graduates, or other 
suitable qualified 
applicants. 

Commencing salary will 
be determined according 
to age. qualifications ana 
experience but will be 
£6.549 fora professional- 
ly qualllcd applicant. 

Applications marked 
‘Private and 

Confidential", naming 
two referees should be 
forwarded to the under- 
signed by February f Oth. 
1986. 

A.M. Wesson 
Cleric to the Justices. 
Luton Magistrates' 
Court 

Stuart Street 
Luton LUI 5BL 


GRADUATE OR 

LEGAL 

EXECUTIVE 

Due to recent expansion we are seeking 
to recruit a law graduate or a Legal 
Executive. 

The successful applicant will find 
career prospects excellent and will be 
joining a friendly and enthusiastic 
team. 

Salary will be commensurate with age 
and experience. 

Write in confidence to: 

J Quince, 

Company Secretary 
North of England Protecting 
and Indemnity Association Ltd 
Douglas House, 

Neville Street 
Newcastle-Upon-Tyne 
NE1 5DS 


UMvmrnr of cmhmdcc 

DEPARTMENT OF 

ENGINEERING 

COMPUTER 

PROGRAMMER 

A programmer is re- 
quired for a project 
involving the develop- 
ment or computer-aided 
teaching programs for 
engineering students. 
The work involves the 
writing of system utili- 
ties, interactive teaching 
packages and applica- 
tions programs for an 
IBM 4341, connected to 
various terminals. 

The salary is in the range 
of £5433 to £10-264 de- 
pending on age and 
experience and Lbe post 
is tenable for two years. 

Further details from Mr 
R-F. Howes. Department 
of Engineering. Cam- 
bridge. (Tel. Cambridge 
66466 ext. 267). . 


SOLICITORS KNIGHTSBRIDGE 

SECRETARY 

TOP RATES 

We require two efficient and personable 
audio secretaries for our busy commercial 
practice in our modem well equipped and 
well located offices. Applicants should be 
aged 20-40 and have good secretarial skills 
(not necessarily shorthand) and be 
prepared to demonstrate initiative and 
enthusiasm. 

Consideration will be given to 
applicants not previously experienced in 
legal work. 

Top rates of pay and conditions 
comparable to any in London. 

Reply to Mm Sue TrewheUo, 01 235 0222 


AST GALLERIES 


AOWEW WULERY 43 CM Band 
SI. Wl. 629 6176 11301 

ANNUAL WATERCOLOUR EX 
HIBITTOH. UfrUI 21 Feb. Mon Trl 
9.30-530. Thurs until 6.30. 


ANTHONY D-OFFAY 

Piling sl wt. 


9 A 23 


tore 49g 4100 


BfirrUH LIBRARY. Ot Russrtl Sf. 
WCt BBRROR OF THE 
WORLD; AIMS**. Maps and 
Gtobm. WMtx lOJS Sun 2 30- 
6 Aflra lr«>. 


HA21ITT, COODBN ft FOX. 38 
Bury SlmL SI Janvx'x SWl. 
01 930 6422 NTTMCltUIND. 
HK Muwmt FROM THE 
HATTON AL GALLERY OF 
SCOTLAND. Manaay-Frktay 
10-5 


PARKIN GALLERY, 11 Molromb 
SI. LofMton. SWl. OI 25*81441 


ROYAL ACADEMY, Ptoradllly. 
Ol 734 90*2. REYNOLDS Open 
dally 106 Inr Sun iredured rale 
Sun until l A5pmi. Adm C3 £2 
COW rale ra booking 01-741 


CINEMAS 


ACA DEMY 1 457 2981 REUBEN 
REUBEN 1 1 Situ 2 50 .not Sunt 
4 3o. e 40 * a so last 
WEEKS 

ACADEMY 2 437 0129 Italy's 

ouruanqm qiy beaulilut 

FORGET VENICE U8i Progs 
2.00. 4 ia. 620. 8.35 Sun al 
4 106 20J1 3* 

ACADEMY 3 457 8819 THE 
WANDERER (Lor Croud 
M,u b u | (PCI Progs 4 CO. 
6 IO- 8 20 


CAMDEN PLAZA 485 244* I OOP 
Camden Town Tubei Prlrr 
GrVirrwaV, A ZED ft TWO 
NOUGHTS 1151 FHTO at 1 45. 
4 00. 6 20. 8 45 


351 3742 

kin- A- Road mraresi Tube 
Stoanr Sal Mirhrt Dmlllr'x 
DEATH m A FRENCH OARBCN 
ilSi Finn al lu 300 BOO 
7 00 9 <jo. Seats Bookable lor 
laM exe perl 


MAYFADL Cumn 
Sir eel Coral Bov. IV. ton Holm* 
Dmnn Polity's 

DREAM CHILD I PC' Film .-u 
2 00inai Mini! 106 20 A 8 40 


CXJRZQN MAYFAIR 

Cumn street 499 S7S7 
Coral Browne, ton Halm 
■Superb Berfernunru,' F Times 
III Denns Poller's 

DREAMCHILD (PCI 

"Sheer enrruntmenr b Lxp 
rompkHe imimpfr- S Tel Film al 
2.00 'Not Sun! 4 10 620 & 8-40 


CURZON WEST END Sfuiftexburv 
Avenue, wi 439 4805 Glenda 

Ja rkso n. Ben Kingsley in 
TURTLE DIARY |POL Film ol 
2.00 mffl Sum 4 IO. 6 20. ft 
8 40. LAST WEEK from rn 
Lange ir 
1161 


GATE CINEMA, ffotung KUl 
Gale. 727 4043. ncxviy renoioi 
ed. new luxury seating. Dolby 
Merra KISS OF THE SP ID ER 
WOMAN HBl 2 15. 4 30. 6*0. 
9 05 L m«ni Wed Thurv. Fri. 
Sot- 11.16 . Advonred booking, 
no membwsmp requinra 


LEICESTER SQUARE THEATRE 

9306111 lEnqi 834 I7S9I24 
Book) men. 

ROCKY IV (PC' m 70mm. Sep 
PfOox daily 12 66. 3 30. 6.10. 
8 80 die Ntgrtl mow Mgnily 
11.45pm. All Progs Bookable in 
Aavanre 


579 

?° la J!S£ OM ' 1 a Afonin, 

H!!® p WC3 'Urtre«er Sb Tubei 
wuMjm Him in Kiss or the 
SPRIER WOMAN <15* Film al 
•S. 8 48. 6 IQ. 8 40. LATE 
SHOW li 15pm Sat, only. Lie 
Bar. SEATS BOOKABLE for 
Eve Pern 


HAY—ARKET (930 


OOCON 

27381 

REALM |PG». Sep prog* Daily 
2 1S 6 IS. 845. All seals 
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PRIOR TO NATIONAL TOUR 


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lOONm 
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7.00 Wagon. Terry's guests 
tonight Snctoas actor Nige 
Davenport. Ken Smith, 
artist in residence at 
Wormwood Scrubs and 
singer Paul Hardcastie. 
7-40 No Place L*e 
. . items. Wfflsam Gaunt and 
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‘'110 Dynasty It The Colby®. 

Mtos surprises everybody 
wharihe maries'Randail 
Mams' aid it is not long 
■ fcefoteoousto Jeff Informs 
.... hknttfttie true identity of 

tebXto. Meanwhile. 

?, Li JrtTS estranged mother, 

F rancesca arrives on the 
scans from London 
(C eeffflO 

MONmw 

aJO TboMenfnfl*. The fourth 
programme of Desmond 
— - Wrox's series foBowing 

. thewstywofthe 

_ . marriage of Marc and 

Karen Adams Jones. Their 
-£ pattern erf Be has been 

turned upside down now 
t hat Ke ren, a nurse, is 
working tfghts, and (hey; 
flhd they are arguing over 

vriwe tospend the holiday 
10.15 ^^g i^ gaw ttothjmd b^ 

■vrJ ' -snooker bom the emWtey 

Conference Centre -a 
Benson and Hedges 
Hastes match between 
■jjJ HDsmis Taylor and Doug 

‘ Mcuntjoy; the European 
Ci Rqura Skating 

“ . Ctahpianships bom 

- ' Capenhagea- are! a profile 

of toting manager. 


10.04 Ho car design can 
help prevent injury in the 
event of a crash 10.21 
. Cheese being made on a 
farm and in a factory 10^3 
Engfeh-.vwiting 11.00 Final 
epsode of the Sea Green 
Man 11.20 Location and 
direction. For the hearing 
impaired 11.37 Science: 

„ force and friction 

12.00 Moschops. Prehistoric 
fun. With the cvoice of 
BernardCribbins |r) 12.10 
Our Backyard. For the 
young 12.30 Wish You 
Were Here — ? Judith 
Chalmers reports from 
Taormina: Annefca Rice 
samples a pony trekking 
holiday in Wales: Ted 
Moult and his wife, Maria, 
test a fly/drive holiday in 

1-0 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 1.20 Thames news 

1.30 A Country Practice. 

2-30 On the Market. 

Susan Brookes and 
Trevor Hyatt with news of 
the best food bargains. 

The guest cook is Sarah 
Brown 

3- 00 Gems. Drama serial set bi 

the Covent Garden 
workshops of a fashion 
design company 3.25 
Thames news headlines 
3.30 Sons and Daughters 

4- 00 Moschops. A repeal of the 

programme shown at 
noon 4.10 The Telebugs. 
Cartoon series 420 The 
Wall Game. Pupils from St 
Edward's School, 

Bicester, play the game 
this afternoon 4.45 The 
Bok Tower. Roger 
McGough with extracts 
bom one of the Just So 
Stories and the Red Fairy 
Book (Oracle) 

5.15 foe Skating: European 
Figure Championships. 

The Compulsory Dances 
and Pairs' Free 
Programme, from 
Copenhagen 

5.45 News with Carol Barnes 
6.00 Thames news 

6.25 HelpIViv Taylor Gee with 
news of a new tenants' 
rights information pack. 

7.00 This Is Your Life. Eamonn 
Andrews is poised, once 
again, to give an 
unsuspecting worthy the 
shock of his or her hfe 

730 coronation Street. HQda 
Ogden, for once, keeps 
her local kn bowl edge to 

herself. (Oracle) 

84J0 Duty Free. David and 
Linda have trouble with 
the weird holidaymaker, 
NeviHe Thwaite. 

830 Never die Twain. Comedy 
series about two rival 
antiques dealers, tonight 
becoming embroiled with 
martial arts. (Oracle) 

9.00 Lytton's Diary. Neville Is 
intrigued by the 
congregation at a faith 
healing service run by an 
American- (Oracle) 

:1O00 News at Ten 

030 Midweek Sports Special 
introduced by Brian 
Moore. Highlights of 
today's football 
international between ; 
England ami Egypt In 
Cairo: and bom one of the 
evening's FA Cup fourth 
round replays. Plus, action 
from the European ice 
Skating Figure 
Championships in 
Copenhagen 
12.15 Night - 




miXii 

I 


Diamond and Nick Owen. 

N«wa with Gordon 

9.00; exercises at &20 arid 
9.17; sport at 635 and 

734; cartoon at 734; pop 
video at 735; behind me 
scenes of the est End play. 
Blythe Spirit at 8.17; Gyles 
Brandreth's video report 
at 6-34;holiday bargain 
advice at 8.45; mother and 
son MPs. Sally and Philip 
Oppenheim at 9.04; Penny 
Brohn. author of a book on 
cancer, at 9.12. 




<L 00 Cortot 

3*38 Daytime on Two: science: 
tfissotving 1000 Forfour- 
and five-year olds 1015 
Maths: draing the fine 
1038 Maths: circles, locus 
11.00 Words and pictures 
for the very young 11.17 
The trains and railways of 
Scotland 11.40 The Welsh 
ladies' rugby union team 
from the village of Magor 
12.10 Part three of David 
BeDamy’s series on trees 
and woodlands 12.35 
Leson four of the course 
for aspiring rode 
musicians 1.00 Geometry 
for adults studying O-level 
maths 1.15 A day mthe life 
of a fire station in 
Southsea 138 Lionel 
KeBaway examines 
oodlands 230 Themyth of 
the dragon 2.118 Walrus 
2>I0 Unravelling the the 
mysteries of the stars 

3.00 Ceefax 

3.50 international Snooker. 
David leke introduces 
further coverage' of the 
Benson and Hedges 
Masters game between 
Tony Knowles and Sflvino 
Francisco. 

530 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather 

535 Fair Knight ithout 
Armour* (1937) starring 
Marlene Dietricdi and 
Robert Donat Romantic 
thriller about a British 
secret agent who returns 
to Russia at the time of the 
Revolution and Is given 
the task of escorting the 
daughter of a Tsarist 
minister to a place of 


Complications arise when 
he falls for the young lady 
during the perilous journey 
to meet her interrogators. 
Directed by Jacques 
Feyder 

100 Great Sporting 
Moments. Tna Moscow 
Olympics race that 
featured Sebastian Coe 
and Stove Ovett 


Sue Cook and David 
JesseL The reasons why 
the United Kingdom's 
bigest property 
development evaded a 
puMc enquiry; and the 
dilemma concerning Ken 
Lowndes who, as a result 
of brain damage, cannot 
help stealing other 
people's cars, and faces a 
life-time of small prison 
sentences 

8.00 A8 Our Working Lives. 
Part three of the series 
tracing the history of 
Britain at work in the 20th 
century examines the 
changing working 
practices of counter 
hands. The narrator is 
John Woodvine (Ceefax) 

9.00 jy?*A*S*H- The 4077th are 
in efire need of a certain 
drug after black 
marketeers hijaked their 
supply in SeouL (r) 

9.25 Dead Heed. Episode three 
of the thriller by Howard 
Brenton and small-time 
crook EddleCassis still 
trying to discover who as 
responsible for the 
severed head he as 
contracted to cary across 
London in a hat box. 

10.15 Col tt. A showcase for the 


talented comedy 
impressionist, Fmti 
10.40 Newsn&ft. 

Weather 


CodM 


LLi L » ' I ■ lei ••■ill 






/.n- ‘ fV’ 

X ' < 




3.05 Thta Week's Composer 
Deflus.Pass Voddeme 
(symphonic poem attar 




«r 




CHANNEL 4 


2.30 Film: The Clairvoyant* 
(1935) starribng Claude 
Rains and Fay Wray. A 
drama about a sham mind- 
reader who discovers that 
he has genuine powers of 
clairvoyance when he is 

6 ' lined by a new assistant, 
ased on the novel by 
Ernest Lothar and directed 
by Maurice Elvey. 

430 A Plus 4. Mavis Nicholson 
is in a North London public 
house to find out the latest 
trends in fringe cabaret 
430 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner of the anagrams 
and mental arithmetic 
game is challenged by Sue 
Whippey from Kew. 

5.00 Alice. Mel receives an 
unexpected visit from an 
old school friend and has 
to persuade Jolene to 
pretend that she is Mel's 
girlfriend. Things go wed 
at first, but later events get 
out of hand 

530 Shakespeare Lives. Part 
two of Michael 
Bogdanov's workshop 
exploring Shakespeare's 
play, Timon of Athens (rj 
6.00 The Christians. Bamber 
Gascoigne's 13-part 
series tracing the history 
of Christianity reaches 
programme four and an 
examination of the role of 
the pilgrimage which, to 
some was a pleasant way 
to do penance 

7.00 Channel Four news with 
Alastair Stewart and 
Nicholas Owen 
7.50 Comment The political 
slot this week is taken by 
David Ben net the 
Conservative MP for Erith 
and Crayford. Weather. 
8.00 The American Century. 

Part four of the history of 
Time Life's news 
magazine. The March of 
Time, is a film describing 
the history of the 
Manhattan Project, made 
to coincide with the first 
anniversary of the 
dropping of the first atom 
bomb (Oracle) 

830 Diverse Reports: Left. 

Out Is there a place for 
genuine Socialists in the 
Labour Party? Eamonn 
McCann, a Socialist 
Workers' Party supporter 
argues that there is not 
era that they shoild leave 
the party ana build a 
radical alternative. 

930 Play: A Chip of Glass 


Radio 4 


Ruby, by Nadine 
Gordimer. Adrarr 


G or dimer. A drama about 
an Indian family living in 
Johannesburg. The 
husband, an apolitical 
charcater is disturbed 
when his politically active 
wife is arrested by the 
authorities, leaving him to 
cope with the children on 
his own. Starring Muthal 
Naidoo and Kessie 
Govender. Directed by 
Ross Devenish. 

1035 Film: To Our Loves (1983) 
starring Sand rine 
Bonnaire, Dominique 
Besnehard and Evelyns 
Kar. A French-made 
drama about a young girl 
whose promiscuity 
estranges her from her 
brother and mother. 
Directed by Maurice Pialat 
(subtitled) 

1130 Belshazzar's Feast A 
video, made by Susan 
Hiller, in which strange 
noises and visions are 
seen and heard to come 
from the flames of a fire in 
rffij Ends at 12.15 


On long wave and also VHF stereo 
535 Shipping Forecast 630 
News briefing; weather 

6.10 Fanning today 635 
Prayer lor the day 
630 Today, ind 630. 730, 

830 News 6^*5 Business 
News 635, 735 weather 
730, 830 News 735, 

835 Sport 7.45 Thought for 
the Day 835 Yesterday 
in Partiament 837 Weather. 
Travel 
9.00 News 

935 Midweek: Libby Purves 
with her studio guests 
1030 News: Gardeners' 
question tane. Experts 
tackle listeners’ questions (r) 
1030 Morning story: Stoat 
Places by Richard Price. 
Reader James Aubrey 
10.45 Dafly service (New Every 

1130 Irish 

Cousins: The literary 
partnership and remarkable 



SM 




mm 


8 8188 1 




friendship erf Edith 
SomervWe and Viol 


Somervwe and Violet Martin, 
best known for the ‘Irish 
RM 1 stories (r) 

1138 Teach yourself news- 
speak. WiSam Davis 
explains Journalese 

1230 News; You and yours 
Consumer advice with 
John Howard 

1237 The Mystery of the Blue 
Train by Agatha Christie, 
dramatized in six parts (5). 
With Maurice Denham as 
Hercute Poirot (r). 1235 
weather Travel 
1.00 The World at Onec News 
140 The Archers. 135 
Shipping Forecast 
230 News; Woman's Hour, 
tnciudes an interview 
with the balet dancer 
Anthony Dowefl. and 
episode 1 0 of The Reason 
Why, read by Robert 
Powell, i 

330 The Afternoon Play: The 
Missing Links, by John 
Antrobus. With Jim 
McManus and John 
Antrobus. A comedy about 
the thwarting of a man's 
marital hopes. It is all to do 
with a hole dug in the 
cailar. 

347 Time for verse. Graham 




Margaret Courtenay 
DavnLemer(r) 
930 Wives of the great 








535-630 am Weather Travel 
1130-1230 For schools: 1130 
Music Workshop 11 .25 Jinor 
Drama workshop 1145 Redo Oub 
135-330 pm For sdioo»s-.135 
Listening Comer 235 Looking at 
Nature Z20 Quest 2L40 Pictures 
in Your Mind 230 Something to 
Think About 530-535 PM 
(continued) 1230-1.10 am Schools 
mght-time broadcasting 


Radio 3 







(Toronto SO under 
Andrew Davis). 830 News. 
835 Morning Concert (contd): 
Strenhammar's 
Excelsior*. (Gothenburg SO): 
Chaminads's Concertino 



Op 108 (Arthur 
tofti ana Paul 


Grumiaux. violin 
Cr 






830 Weber and Dohnanyr. 
Weber's Clarinet Quintet - ' 
in B flat Op 34; Dohnanyi's 
Sextet in C Op 37. Played 

S i Nash Ensemble. 

mic of Eight Decades 
(4): BBC SO (under 
Atherton), with Paul Cross! ey 
(piano). Part one. 

Messiaen's Chronochromie; 
Tekemitsu's nvenun. 

9 AO Six Continents: foreign 
redo broadcasts, 
monitored by the BBC. 

10.00 Concert part two. 

Bartok's The Wooden 
Prince. 1130 Manchester 
Chamber Concert Israel 
Piano Trio. Copland's 
Vitebsk: Rachmaninovs 
EDeqatc Trio in D minor, Op 9. 
11.57 News. 12.00 Closedown. 


Radio 2 


News on the hour (except 
930 pm). Headlines 530 am, 630. 
730 and 830. Sports Desk 135 
pm. 232. 3.02. 432, 535. 632, 
IL45 (MF) only 935 
4.00 am CoTin Berry 6.00 Ray 
Morre835 Ken Bruce 1030 Jimmy 
Young 1.05 pm David Jacobs 
230 Gloria Hunnlford (Jill 
Crawshaw answers holiday 
problems (phone-in) 330 Music aB 
the way 4.00 David Hamilton • 

6.00 John Dunn 830 5yd Lawrence 
in Concert (Syd Lawrence 
Orchestra) IL45 Big Band Special 
(BBC Big Band) 9.45 Listen to 

the Band. Charlie Chester 
introduces new music for bands 
from the 1985 EBU Competition 
935 Sports desk 1030 it's a 
Funny Business. June Whitfield 
reminisces 1030 Hubert Gregg 
says Thanks for the Memory 11.00 
Brian Matthew presents Round 
Midnight (stereo from midnight) 

1.00 am Charles Nove presents 
Nightride 330430 A Uttfe Night 
Music 


Radio 1 


„ News on the half hour from 
630 am until 930 pm and at 12 
mianight630 am Adrian John 
730 Mike Read 930 Simon Bates 
1230 pm Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) 12.45 Gary Davies 330 

S Steve Wright 530 Newsbeat 
rank Partridge) 5.45 Bruno 
rookes. At 6.1K), the new Top 
30 album chart 730 Janice Long „ 
10.0O-1Z0O John Peel VHF 
RADIOS 18 2 430 am As Radio 2 
1030 pm As Radio 1 1230430 " 
am As Radio 2 


WORLD SERVICE 


6JOO Newsdesk 74)0 News 739 Twenty- 
lour Hnn. 730 Report on Retoon 7.45 
That's Trad &00 News 8.D9 ReHoctions 
B.15 Classical Record Review 830 
Quote. Unquote 9.00 News 94)9 Review 
of me British Press 9.15 tin World 
Today 930 Financial News 9.40 Look 
Ahead &4S Short Takes 1030 News 
103T Omnibus 1030 Jazz Score 1130 
News 11.09 News about Britain 11.15 
Doapr Who 1135 A Latter From Wales 
12.00 Radio Newsreel 12.15 Nature 
No) ebook 1235 The Farming World 
12-45 Sports Roundup 130 News 139 
Twemy-iour Hours 130 Jerome Kern. 
American Genus 2.00 Outlook 24S 
^Pon on Rekpon 330 Radio Newsreel 
*■15 A Perfect Day 330 Hinge arid 
Bnwket 430 News 439 Commentaiy 
415 Rock Salad 4.45 The world Today 
uo News 539 A Letter From Wales 
*15 Moreior 830 News B39 Twentv- 



|^EP^ N CIE& Radio 1: !0S3kHz/285m; I089EHz/275m; Radio 2; 693kHz/433m; 909kHz/336m: 

J^?i!Sf**4y 00k [3il S 2f h 5 ; VHF _92 ' 95 ' I-BC1 1 52kHz/261m; VHF 97 3; i'A kH z/247m: VHF - 

don 1458kHz/206m; VHF 94.9; World Service MF 648 kHz/463ra. BBC Radio Lon- 


SHANN^™^ 

1J0-2J3O Shine on Harvey 
Moon 330430 Young Doctors 
6.00-635 Channel Report 
12.15am Closedown. 

TYNE TEES As London 

— eiccepL- l2J0pm- 

14» Regrets 139-1.30 News 
6.35 Northern Life 1230 Jesus and 
Crisis. Closedown. 

TVS ^ London except 
7T — 1-20pm News 130-230 
Shine on Harvey Moon 337- 
4.00 Young Doctors 6.00-6.35 
Coast to Coast 12.15 Company. 


REGIONAL TELEVISION ;VARrATiO>JS 


Closedown. 


CAP 130pm Countdown 130 
^ your Own Boss 230 
Taro Nodyn 2.20 Ffalabaiam 
235 Cipoiwg 235 Interval 3.00 The 
Christians 430 A plus 4 430 
Cartoon Carnival 530 Pob's Pro- 
gramme 630 Brookskfe 630 


pwl 730 Newyddion Saith 730 
Trafod Dau 8.00 Roc RoJ Te 
830 Y Byd Ar Bedwar 9.00 Film: 3 
Women 1130 Snwcer 12.00 Di- 
verse Reports 1230am 
Closedown. 

GRAMPIAN As London 
— Except 130- 

1.30pm News 6.00-6.35 North 
Tonight 1030 Film: The Hanging 
Tree (Gary Cooper) 1230 
News, Closedown. 

HTV A® London Except: 

1.20pm News 130-230 

Fifty/Fifty 6.00-635 News 
12.15am Closedown. 

HTV WALES as htv 

West Except: 

930-11.15 Schools. 1130- 
1 1 35 About Wales 6.00pm-635 
Wales at Six. 

YORKSHIRE As London 
— ~ ■ Except: 

1230pm- 1.00 Calendar Lunch- 
time Live 130-230 Falcon Crest 


6.00-6.35 Calender 1Z15atn 
Harvest Jazz 12.45 Closedown. 
GRANADA As London Ex- 
~ cept 1230pm-130 

Search for Wealth 130 Gra- 
nada Reports 130-230 The Baron 
3.304.00 The Young Doctors 
630 Granada Reports 630-635 
This is Your Right 1Z15am 
Closedown. 


Ill <5TFR As London Except 
130- 130pm Lunch- 
time 3304.00 Three Little 
Words 630-635 Good Evening Ul- 
ster. 12.15 News. Closedown. 
CENTRAL 

As London Except 1230pm- 
130 Something to Treasure 130 
News 130-230 Tucker's Witch 
6.00 Crossroads 6.25-7.00 News 
12.15am Rim: Grip of the Slran- 




12.15am Rim: Gnp oi tna 
gter ’(Boris Kartoff) 1.45 
Closedown. 




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baM-rt nn rnr irfr a mink- xrf 









































■WEDNESDAY JANUARY 29 1986 


Ocean yields up price! 


|. ueraame Nonnan 

V £. atigo of Chinese mw- 
to lain for over 
“OQyeats carefully packed in 
of tea at the bottom of 
®° l w * s 

ES** ^ Christie's yes- 
fo an - Amsterdam 

■ W*»p pieces conservatively 
mined at £3 mfflioo, it is to 
ne dispersed in a five-day 
auction between April 28 and 
May 2- 

Its discovery and retrieval 
6 >y a team of divers led by 
Captafe Michael Hatcher is 
an extBaordmary story. As if 
the porcelain was not enoagh. 
some OT it stQl encrusted with 
limpets, shells and coral, 
there are also more than 100 
solid gold ingots. 

What makes the discovery 
■toque is that the ship's 
papers survive and for the 
first time die lading bill of an 
18th century Dutch East 
Indfaman is not merely a dry 
Dst. It can be compared with 
the actual porcelains on the 
warehouse shelves. 

The Dutch East India 
Company is not revealed as 
an imaginative importer. 
Most of the porcelains are 
decorated with standard land- 
scape and flower patterns. 
There are plates, bowls, 
teapots, butter dishes, tea- 
bowls, saucers, sauce boats 
and several hundred chamber 
pots. Some are to be sold 
singly and some as dinner 
services. 

The smallest services will 
provide a setting for six 
people, the largest for 144. 
Price estimates are much In 
line with brand new dinner 
services from Harrods. There 
should be £10 lots as weD as 
£30,000 ones. 

Tanned with sea and sun. 
Captain Hatcher has been 
watching over his booty in 
Christie's icy warehouse this 
week. He is a British 
adventurer of the old school. 

A Dutchman first sug- 
gested that he turn hh 
attention to old wrecks. Cap- 
tain Hatcher had recovered 
the wheel from the snbmarme 
in which his father sank. 

He tuned his attention 
instead to salvaging the cargo 
of a Chinese j®o Jc that had 
gone down in International 
waters in 1645. The 23,000 
pieces of porcelain woe 
auctioned by Christie’s for a 

total Of £L5 millio n. 

Searching the same area 



V *&- / Vi 







One ofjm 


e tames opened to display the find and, right. Captain Michael Hatcher, the successful treasure-hunter. 


between March and May last 
year. Captain Hatcher discov- 
ered (he 18th century vessel. 
The first selection of por- 
celain flown back to 
Christie’s dated the wreck to 
about 1750. 

Only one Dutch ship was 


lost in that period, the 
Geldermalsen. It ran on to a 
coral reef in the afternoon of 
January 3, 1752 and sank at 
L30 am the next morning. 
Two boats escaped. 

After drifting for 10 days 
they arrived at Batavia. They 


had the ship’s papers with 
th em bu t uot dm captain 
Final proof of tiie boat’s 
identity has only been found 
in the last three weeks. 
Captain Hatcher brought up 
two brass cannons and the 
ship’s bell which bear the 


initials VOC of the Dutch 
Vereenigde Oostiadesche 
Compaaie or East India 
Company. This proof that the 
vessel was of Dutch origin 
means he will have to give a 
of the take to the 

bmch 


TUC tells 
unions not 
to cross 
picket line 

Cautioned from page 1 

| continued the locking and 
punching and said they 
would remember our races. I 
certainly recognized at least 
o ne of theirs. 

“I complained to Norman 
Willis immediately, who was 
very concerned. I said that I 
would not allow my members 
to p«tend any further meet- 
ings until I received assur- 
ances about their safety." 

More than 300 
demonstatois, thought to be 
mainly print workers for- 
merly employed by News 
International, gathered out- 
fongress House before 
lay’s meeting of the 
L7C CoundL 

Mr Michad Hicks, a Sogat 
father of the chapd (branch 
chairman) at John Menztes. 
the news wholesalers, toJd 
them the union would try to 
strengthen moves to black 
distribution of The Times. 
The Sun. The Sunday Times 
and the News of the World. 

News International has 
written to leaders of the three 
print unions, whose members 
work for the company, warn- 
ing them of legal action if 
there are continued efforts to 
persuade members to stop 
working at the new plants in 
east London and in Glasgow. 

The letters were sent yes- 
terday to Mr Ron Todd, 
general secretary of the 
Transport and General 
Workers’ Union; Mr Ham- 
mond; and Mr Harry 
Conroy, general secretary of 
the National Union of 
Journalists. 

The letter to Mr Ham- 
mond acknowledges that he 
has so for decided not to 
accede to requests from other 
trade union leaders and from 
the TUC 

News International has 
also issued a writ against 
Sogat ’82 for damages for 
non-publication of the News 
of the World in Manchester 
last Saturday night 
The Prime Minister said 
yesterday that she hoped The 
Times would soon overcome 
its troubles and that everyone 
could have the paper "with 
our breakfast again”. 


Letter from Tokyo 

Wine, plonk, or 
grape juice? 


An EEC official visiting 
Japan's northern island of 
Hokkaido spotted, a hand- 
some-looking bottle of wine 
with a foreign label 

Gratified that European 
products were penetrating a 
pan of the country not 
known for the sophistication 
of its taste the official picked 
up the bottle to inspect its 
baroque European label In 
tiny letters at the bottom it 
said, in English: M Bottled in 
Japan". 

Though it did not say so. 
in all probability the wine 
was actually a mixture of up 
to 98 per cent imported bulk 
and two per cent local plonk. 
That combination is com- 
mon and perfectly legal in 
Japan, to the consternation of 
EEC representatives, foreign 
importers and resident for- 
eign lovers of the grape. 

With the endorsement 
Marque Deposee on a bottle 
labelled Mercian Cabernet 
I'in de Qualite Excellent 
anyone might be forgiven for 
thinking that he was being 
offered a French wine. How 
is the Japanese consumer to 
know that the bottle contains 
an inglorious mixture of East 
European of South American 
bulk wine and what some call 
"local grape juice" when 
there is not a trace of his own 
lan g ua g e on the bottle? 

Few Japanese know much 
about wine or the require- 
ments of ageing and the 
domestic industry, which 
supplies a tiny fraction of 
home demand, seems in no 
hurry to behave responsibly 
either to its customers or to 
foreign countries with long 
and distinguished histories as 
wine producers. 

The problem for the Euro- 
pean Economic Community, 
which has produced an ex- 
haustive two- volume study of 
discriminatory trade practices 
against foreign liquor, is 
proving that customers ac- 
tually have been deceived. It 
is a difficult case to make 
particularly as Japanese are 
apt to regard such appella- 
tions as champagne to be as 
exclusive as the term video- 
recorder. The generic term 
rules because Japanese law 
provides ho description of 


what actually constitutes 
whiskey or wine or brandy, 
for that matter. 

The excuse is that ti» 
drinking of foreign hooch is a 
relatively recent phenomenon 
and the attendant classifica- 
tions have not had time to 
develop. In contrast. _ of! 
course, other classifications # 
in areas which might threaten 
Japanese markets have deyeti 
oped remarkably quickly, jus| 
ask any foreign manufacturei 
hying to sell cars into Japan. 

But it was not so much the 
EEC but a scandal in Japan's 
third largest wine-producing 
firm. Manns Wine, that gave 
consumers a hint that they 
should not judge a bottle by 
its label 

For years Manns had been 
producing expensive wines, 
up to £100 a bottle, they 
billed as “100 per cent 
domestic”. What undid 
Manns was last year's 
diethylene glycol scare. When 
government officials arrived 
to check Manns' vats they 
discovered that the firm luv 
secretly destroyed vats < 
imported Austrian plon. 
contaminated with the po 
son, which they bad bee- 
using to blend into their tc 
wines. The management hr 
to resign, the firm w 
forbidden to produce wi 
for a period in punishme 
and wine lovers have filer 1 
l.4nultiau Yen damage s 
g gainct the company. 

Shaken by the scandal 
collapsing wine sales . 
industry has belatedly 
tided to act. A counc 
wine producers repres* 
about half those 
domestically has decir 
adopt guidelines starti 
month advising prodr 
indicate on their lab 
wine contains ir 1 
must The guidelin 
ever, is only a recor . 
tion and does not > 
force of law. 

Needless to say 
ruling has not - 
anyone at the E! 
sentative office, 
changing the labelli- 
not an adequate re- 
our concern” said i 
community's diploma 

David Wai< 




THE TIMES INFORMATION SERVICE 


Today’s events 


Royal engagements ^ 

The Princes of Wales. Pres- 
ident. Business in thei, Commu- 
nity. visits Business Initiatives 
’Carlisle. Scotch Street, Carlisle. 
1010: and later accompanied 
by the Princess of/Waies, he 
receives The Freedom of Car- 
lisle. Civic Centre. Dl.55: in the 
evening, they aabnd a choral 
concert at the Royal Academy 
of Music. Maxyiroonc Road, 
NW1. 7J5. 

Princess Anne, attends the 
National Farmers’ Union 
"British Growers’ Look 
Ahead" National Conference 


and exhibition at the 
Metropole Centre, Brighton, 
11.45. 

The Duke of Rent leaves 
RAF Non holt for an official 
visit to Austria, 11.10. 

The Duchess of Kent leaves 
London Gatwick airport for 
Hongkong, 8 pm. 

Music 

Royal Bank Concert, Not- 
tingham Royal Hall 7.30. 

Whitehall Cboir/Rosebeny 
Orchestra, Queen Elizabeth 
Hall 7.45- 

Recital by Department of 
Music, Yvonne Howard 
(mezzo-soprano) and John Parr 
(piano). University of Leices- 
ter. 1.10 

Concert by Sieve Reich and 


The/Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,955 



ACROSS 
1 Chilly Fellow runs a degree 
course(6). 

4 Smoked, they produce car- 
bon and damage hooters(S). 

10 Could be operating as an 
extremely colourful butter- 
fly). 

11 Coming before a superior 
officers). 

12 Cold fish, showing little on 
the surfece(7). 

13 Ample room for spectators 
in Chester racecourse(7). • 

14 Enticed from Leeward, so 
sailors say(5). 

15 Pluckfiy remove a Van- 
dyke?(S). 

18 Parallel bars American 
sportsmen play on(8). 

20 The Walrus and the Alpha- 
bet^ 

23 Harmful element of sce- 
nario. edited to have no 
love in it(7). 

25 Judges’ exhibit - mass mur- 
der weapon(7). 

26 Good feiry left in dangers). 

27 One mum upset - dummy 
cannot be changed(9). 

28 Meditative talking-bird 
swallowed . by large pi- 
geon(S). 


Times world-wide 


Noon in London is : 7 am ir 
New York; 4 am in San 
Francisco; 9 pm in. Tokyo; 11 
pm in Canberra; 2 pm in 
Johannesburg; 4 pm in United 
Arab Em i rat es; 3 pm m Kenya; 

* pm in, Nigeria: _ 3 pm in 


Moscow; 8 pm in Hong Kang- 


29 No 2 to take chair bottoms 
up(6). 

DOWN 

1 Note about much wicked- 
ness in the fleet(8). 

2 Status of a fellow taking up 
Rugby Union?(7). 

3 He'd paid out, eg to firm(3- 
€)■ 

5 Three stage take-off from 
nmway(3,43.4). 

6“ More ready to fell" - last 

words on Virgin Queen{5). 

7 Agent for some air sup- 
PM7) 

8 Desire dramatically moving 
in this way?(6). 

9 Resigned to Aa I being 
changed by tins order(5,9). 

16 Third man to dilute the ant- 
arid(4-S). 

17 Forceful check surrounds 
tough guys(8X 

19 Stand taken by Sergeant, we 
heaif7). 

21 Say “Ar*' house-doctor 
slates - here's a loczengcfT). 

22 Service engmeer(6). 

24 Yarn of two dries in d i gest 
form(5). 

Sohitioa of Pnzzle 
No!6J*4 




Musicians, Dominion Theatre, 
730 

Harp recital by Marisa Ro- 
bles, 1; Philhaxmonia Or- 
chestra. John Carewe 
(conductor) and Elizabeth 
Treanor (violin), 7.45, Barbican- 
Centre. 

Recital by Sylvia Hunter 
(soprano). May Dumas (piano) 
and Janet Parris (clarinet), 
1230; organ recital by David 
Uddle, 5.55, GLC South Bank 
Concert Halls. 

BBC Symphony Orchestra, 
David Atherton (conductor) 
and Raul Crossley (piano). 
Royal Festival Hall. 730. 

Violin and piano sonatas by* 
Mozart and Beethoven, Maria 
Lidka and Angus Morrison, 
Burgh House. New End Square, 
Hampstead NW3, 730 
Recital by Madeleine 
Whildaw (violin) and Marilyn 
Phillips (piano). SL Olave 
Church. Hart Street, 1.05. 

Bournemouth Sinfonietta, 
with Nicholas Carpenter (clari- 
net). Johnson Hall Yeovil 
730. 

Bournemouth Symphony Or- 
chestra, with Bernard D'Ascoli 
(piano), Wessex Hall Poole, 
730. 

Songs between the wars, by 
Li&sendsn Players, Lauderdale 
House. N6. 8. 

Talks, lectures films 
Sevres, by Jane Gardiner, 12; 
Ham House, by Gillian Darby, 
1.13; Victoria and Albert Mu- 
seum. SW7. 

Leonardo’s drawings of 
horses in context, by Hon. Jane 
Roberts, National Gallery. I. 

New acquisitions in context 
(3k Millai and Sandys, by 
Simon Wilson, 1; Memories of 
Monet <& Monet in London, 
230, Tate Gallery. 

Approaches to the study Ot 
BA metalwork, by Dr. S. 
Pearce, archadogy seminar 
room. University of Leicester, 
2.30 • 

A layman's guide to galleries. 
Part III, by Nick 
Winterbotham, Castle Mu- 
seum. 1. 

Impressionist paintings of 
women, by Polly Chiapetta. 
Courts uid Institute Galleries 
WC1. 1. 

Cities fit for heroes, by RL 
Rev. David Lonn. Bishop of 
Sheffield, Sl James's Church, 
Piccadilly, 1.05. 

The Georgian town house, 
by Mark Girouard. Georgian 
House. 6. IS. 

Energy m buildings, by D. 
TJ. Wiltshire. University ot 
Birmingham, Ham. 

Imer-cuJ rural conflict, by Dr. 
Michael Argyle. Si. Anthony's 
College. Oxford. 8.15. 

Indian cookery demonstra- 
tion, with Surekha Verma. 
South Hill park Arts Centre, 
Bracknell MS. 

Precam brian Tectonic pro- 
cesses: an insight from South- 
ern Africa, by Dr M. Daly 
(University of Leeds). Grant 
Institute of Geology. Univer- 
sity of Edinburgh. 7.30. 

Ok! pharmaceutical prac- 
tices. by Helen Walker. Room 
MB1. University of Bucking- 
ham. 7.30 

General 

National Book League lec- 
ture. by Piers Paul Read. Royal 
Over-Seas League. SWI. 7. 


C opyrig ht TIMES NEWSPAPERS 
UMrTED.1986. Prtm«l and prttuabfid 
by News Memanonal umm. i 
Pennington Sn-cnL London. El. Torn- 
phone Ol 481 4100. w 
January 29- loaenegtstef . 
newswr at me Post Omce 


New books — hardback 


The literary Editor’s selection of interesting books published 
this week. 

B uild mgs for Music, The Architect, Hie Musician, and the Lis- 
tener from the Seventeenth Century to the Present Day, by Mi- 
chael Forsyth (Cambridge, £30). 

Den Quixote de la Mancha, for Miguai de Cervantes, translated 
for Tobias Smellett, introduction by Carlos Puentes (Andre 
Deutsch, £15, paperback £8.95). 

Franz Liszt, the Man and the Musician, by Ronald Taylor 
(Grafton, £15) 

Images of Lust, Sexual Carvings on Medieval Churches, by An- 
thony Weir and James Jennan (Batsfond, £1730) 

Kipling's India, Uncollected Sketches 1884-88, edited by Thomas 
Putney (Macmillan, £25) 

Roman Circuses, Arenas for Chariot Baring,, for John H. 
Humphrey (Macmillan. £27.5(0 

Shakespeare's Last Flay, Edmund Ironside, edited by Erie Same 
(Fourth Estate, £25) 

The Games Etirfc and ImperiaSsm, for J. A. Mangan (Viking, 
£14.95) 

The Worst of Times, An Oral History of the Great Depression in 
Britain, by Nigel Gray (WBdwood House, £11.95) 

Wtwira WWig About Mol by Jane Miller (Virago, £10.951 
paperback £530). P.H. 


TV top ten 


National tap tan Movtataaogrwnms in 
the week e nctrig Januar y 19 : 


EastEndars (Ttu/Suil 21.20m 
EastEndora (TuafSunj. igjOro 
News, sport weather (Sat 21:00), 
M-Sftn 

Don't Waft Up, i&05m 
The Two Ronnies, iaS0m 
Lea and Etostfn'a laughter Show. 
12.95m 

HcOe-Kl 12.00m 
Dart Lite. I29ftn 
Wooenpig, 1255m 
The Noel Esmonds Breakfast Straw, 
1240m 

trv 

Coronation street (Wad). Granada. 
17.55m 

Coronation Street (Mon), Grenada, 
1740m 

Duty Free, YoricstSra, 14.95m 
wish You Ware Here (Mon/Wad), 
Thames, 1449m 

pas Is Your Us. Thames, 14.10m 
Buflseye. Central, 14JKm 
The Price fs Right. Central, J&flOm 
Surprise. Surprise. LWT. 1345m 
Crossroads (Toe). Central 13.05m 
Al In G ood Faith. Thames. laOQm 

BSC‘2 

Yea Avne Minster. 650m 

The Start Items. 64)5 m 

Dead Haad. 5.50m 

Food and Drink. 5.10m 

■MASH, 5.05m 

Comrade Dad. 455m 

Saji on Moortfght Bay, 

Bob Monkhousa masts Max 

4 . 15 m 


Rad Pony. 4.15m 
u 4.10m 


Star Trek. 

Cbanpcf 4 

Bmokaida (Tbe/SaQ. 5.80m 
Braotawja (Moo/SbQ. 5.70m 

Sffcaday Night. Sunday Morning, 

4 - 50 m 

Comic Strip Presents Fare go mad, 
458m 

Treasure Hint, ASSm 
American Footbu. 450m 
Countdown (Tuai 350m 
Countdown (Thu). 3.25m 
Countdown (Mon). 2J0m 
Countdown (WatfFMH fcBSm 

Jala vM o n: The average 
weakly taxes lor autlances at peaK 
totth figures hi pareni h ea la 
^ J^rwW’Hwraantoar at people 
wtoriawed tor at toast three mlreiSS: 

!5S W?**" r ™ **" *> " 
!£5iSiESB8Sr m r nH 

Sun 15m 


Travel Information 


British Telecora's pre-rc- 
oorded Trareline service gives 
regularly updated in formation 
on iravri in Britain and on the 
Continent, including details of 
weather conditions, strikes or 
other problems likehr to affect 
travellers. Rail: 01-246 
8030:Ro*d (inciudinn coach 
serrices): 01 246 8031; Sea: 01- 
246 8032; Ain 01-246 8033. 
For regional codes, see front of 
dialling code booklets. 


Annivers aries 


Bfrtfis: Enamel Swedeo- 
philosopher, Stockholm 


1688; Daniel BensasfflL math- 
ematician, Groningen, Nether- 
lauds, 1700 Theauas Paine, 
Thetford, Norfolk, 1737; Sir 
E b e ne z e r Howard, founder of 
the gulden city movement, 
London, 1850 Frederick De- 
Iras, Bradford, 1862. 

Pea the George HL reigned 
1760-1820 Loudon, 1820 Ed- 
ward Lear, San Remo, 1888; 

1st Earl Haig, 
field marabal London, 1928; 
Fritz Kreisler, violinist, New 
York, 1962; Robert Frost, 
Boston, Massachusetts, 

The Victoria Cross was 
instituted, 1856. 




Road network map 


A new edition of Great 
Britain's colour showing 
the development of Great 
Bri tains' national road network 
was published yesterday. 
Development of the National 
Road Network depicts pro gress 
on all national road projects at 
1 November, 1985. Existing 
roa ds a nd new schemes under 
construction or in planning are 
shown. The map is available 
from The Department of 
Transport, Publications Sales 
Unit, Budding, Victoria Road, 
South Ruudip, HA4 ONZ, (cost 
£3.00 for each sheet, accompa- 
nied for acrossed cheque or 
postal order. Telephone 01 212 
3434. 



PortKXia - how to play 
Monuay-SarunSay record your dally 
Portfolio total. 

Add three loeMher to determine 
your weekly Portfolio total. 


Weather 

forecast 

Complex area oftow pressure 
will cover the country with one 
centre moving southeast into 
northern France. 


6 am to midnight 


London, SE, E Engla nd . East 

Anj£a: Outbreaks of rain, turning 

to sleet or snow In most anas, 

dealing only slowly from the west 
moderate accumulations on high 
ground; winds, southerly fresh or 
strong moderating later; max tamp 
4c (3&f). 

Central S, SW England, Chennai 
IstandK Showers, mainly m 
coasts, but falling as snow on I 
ground, bright intervals; wt 
mainly fight and variable becoming 
NW later; max temp 6c {450 

MMtands, central N, NE En- 
Bordera, Edinburg Dun- 
Ceotnri High lands: After 
clearance of any remaining out- 
breaks of sleet or snow, dry with 
sunny intervtes and isolated snow 
showers; winds, mainly light and 
variable; max temp 5c (41f) 

Wales, NW Enrfand, Lake Dis- 
trict, SW S ' 

Mainly bright with sunny 

if snow or sleet , showers 
mainly on exposed coasts or lulls; 
winds, generaty N Bghtmax temp 
5c (41)1 
. fate of Man, 
betanti: Scattered 
showers, some heavy, but also 
sunny Intervals; winds, variable, 
mainly N Baht or moderate; max 
temp 4 c ( 39 f). 

Aberdeen, Morey firth, NE, NW 
Scot la nd, Orkney, S het l a n d : Out- 
breaks of sleet or snow, with 
moderate accumulations on 
ground, wU dear by early 
noon giving sunny intervals and 
scat te nJ snow showers; winds; S 
moderate to fresh becoming SW 
fcjtrt in places later; max temp W wgk fr 

Outlook far tom or row and Frf- 
day: Scattered sleet or snow sSSa 
showers, espedaOy In E areas; Bwtwla 
cloudy In S, bright periods else- BareekMa 
where; becoming windy; remaining g rind 
cold. _ sa ~° 



Abroad 


&3S 


C F 

fll 52 CWQgW 
817 S3 C*p k ye 

vOfnl 

iiss S55L* 

8 4 38 Drijnwnlk 
f 13 55 
C 17 63 


- C F 
ft« 57 
t14 57 _ 
812 54 2 
827 81 


8 46 Fwhri 


sesr c’3 


□ 


744 an 
Moon sets: 


444 pm 

Moon rises 
am on 


Bfanftz 

BoriogM 


Lightmg-up tune 


Leodou 5.14 pm to 7.13 am 
Bristol 5J4 pai to 7.22 am ■ 


09 pm to 742 am 
. 5.15 pm to 7.1 am 
54fl pm U7.2S am 


Budapest 

BMW 

Crire 

Cepe Tta 

Cutanea 

Chicago* 

Ch’ekreh* 


c 3 37 
a 0 32 HalrinH 
C23 73 HonaK 
c 6 43 

f 8 43 JT net an 

126 7B L ftrire aa 
f 19 66 

522 72 Lecamo- 
f 14 57 : . ■ 

8-16 3 u 
r15 SB 


toDOAY: c, ckxxt d. drizzle; 1 , lair 1 ft faff r, rain; b, sun; an, snow; r. thunder, 

” C F~ 

C 3 37 
c S 28 

f 12 54 

r 4 39 ■Mb'),,* 

S 7 45 sSSe 
I 1 ? g CIS 59 

2 J at SSSmer 8^4 ^ 

M3 55 Sr? go 

« J 34 JEST " 0 “ 

fg NairaH 127 81 

i«|53Si,UgS-i 

■■glair ttsBst- 

iiisaL 

821 70 Poking b 6 43 W»pW 
§9 ^ 5 . a 29 84 iMriee 
JU S Pn 9 at f-1 30 

• 2 33 Reybnfe >n -6 21 

8 24 75 SroSi C 12 64 


C' • 

* 9 ; i . 

c -a = 

•a 

812 iF . - 

•so !?.;.■• . 

B 4 


ea,- 
123 . .. 

1 14 ;T">- • 

* 18 S'--' 

ri5 t. 

•n-14 :r’ : 

niiiv" 

a i ; 

is es issffiriill: 


* denotes Monday's figures era latest i 


Yesterday 


m iridday yeaanlay: c. 
I, Mr r, rain: s, sun. 

C F G F 

c 2 38 Ou a mia y s 7 45 

a 3 37 tnw eme a i f 3 37 

1 f 39 Jersey 3 G 43 

f 5 41 London 8 6 43 

8 5 41 Brnctator f 4 39 

Edrito e rgh f 4 m toi r i ri to c 3 37 

“ r 3 37 Ifn fc lm y I B 43 



Parliament today 


Commons (2J0h Social Se- 
curity Bill second reading. 

Lords (230): Salmon Bill 
committee, first day. 


Ooure ywu have won 

oMriaM or a Dnr* of Uw prize mono 
alaHd for Uiat wMft. and must claim 
your prize as instructed below 
How to rhWw 

T s le p ri oea Tna Tla iM Portfolio oh 
an ms*san l a wn hum an 
M Ittjr JWr on 
Treat fwtfow 


YOU meat have your red with yaa 
wmo you Mcpbanr. 

if you are unable to Meohone 
nomrono else ran claim on your behalf 


for failure lo contact Uic claims 

for any reason’ winun Hm staled 
hours- 

The above butruettons are - ah- 
pttcaUe to bom dally and weekly 
dividend rlalm*. 

•Some Time* - ---- 


miner misprints m the Imructtons on 
me reverse sue These cams are not 
ImaUdato* , _ _ 

•The wordlov of Run S and S Ins 
been rxpanded front owlier versions 
for rlarlflratian parpasec. The Came 
tewtr is not aftected and will continue 
ui be played u exactly the 
ns before 


The pound 


Bank 


AaatralaS 

Austria Sch 

Belgium Pr 
CanedaS 
Denmark Kr 
FteisndMMc 
France Fr 
Germany Dm 
Greece Dr 
HongKongS 
Ireland R 
Italy Um 
Japan Yea 
NrihoriandsGH 


23.90 

7043 

241107 

1X3042 


Bank 

Saks 

1JBI0 

2U0 

7024 

24X178 

124882 


104285 104140 



11.0290 

1.1210 

23122S 

2774® 

3X279 

10L5G67 

221.06 

3.1640 

21343 

106474 

241751 

14130 

:3709 


11 47180 
1.1200 
230740 
2784® 
1«MB 
10LB52 
21940 
3.1530 

21343 

106300 

24710 

14128 


BEWARE 

If you're not ustt^ The Sunday Times Recruit, 
ment pages, you could find a lot of finance 
and accounts slipping through your fingeis. 

fonnemben The Sunday Times reacbes no less 

than 41% of businessmen and women, whose 
main responsibility is finance and accounts. 
More than any other national r 
magazine or periodical, as the B 
Businessman Survey figured out- 
Additionalfy. The Sunday -Times is read bv 
more than 4 million people (source; NRS 
Ap^Sepfterober 1965) and roaches more 
ABCl s under 45 more cost-eflectivety thn n 
arty ocher new^iaper. . 

And as for the bonom line, tbe standard Dis 

Rate per single column centimetre is just 

(plus Vat @ 15%). J 

To reserve space, write to Shiriev 


THE SUNDAY TIMES