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SERIALS NO.' 




C 


No 62,497 



TIMES 



TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 


Younger gets 

tough on 
defence cuts 


Mr George M1W 

Secretary of Slate for Defence, 
admitted last night that the 
Government faced difficult 
decisions to accommodate re- 
ductions in defence spending 
over the next three yeans. 

He disclosed to MPs a series 
of cuts that he has already 
decided to make in all three 
services, and he said that 
future tough decisions on the 
size and timing of all orders, 
“for the foreseeable future", 
would have to be made. 

To the concern of the 
Conservative defence lobby 
the Government, after seven 
years of growth in defence 
spending, is aiming for cuts in 
the defence budget of about 
1.5 per cent, or £280 million, 
in each of the next three years, 
excluding the planned cut in 
spending on the Falklands. 

The _ Commons Defence 
Committee has already given 
a warning that the operational 
capability of the armed forces 
is under threat 

Mr Younger, speaking in a 
Commons debate, announced 
new economies which 
included: 

• Plans to fit Type 22 frigates 
with new submarine listening 
devices have been abandoned. 

• Provisions for new 
landmine systems are being 
reduced and a new generation 
of light ami-armour weapons, 
the so-called “Law mine" , 
have been shelved. 

• A cut is being considered in 
die second order of Harrier 
GR5 aircraft 

• The build-up of the Torna- 
do GRJ reconnaissance air- 
craft force is being delayed. 

Mir Younger said that in 


By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 
Younger, the future there would be no 
question of “wholesale 
deferrals*' or of Britain having 
to withdraw from any of her 
major commitments or any 
major part of them. 

“But in order to manage the 
transition from real growth I 
will inevitably have to take 
some difficult decisions." 

The extent of the cuts facing 
the armed forces is causing 
acute concern in the Ministry 
of Defence. Mr Younger is 
believed likely to face a tough 



Mr Younger: Need for 
difficult decisions, 
battle in this year’s public 
spending round to prevent 
further large-scale reductions 
in real spending, particularly 
those affecting the year 198SL 
90. 

Mr Younger reaffirmed that 
the Government would be 
maintaining about 50 escorts 
in foe destroyer/frigate fleet 
and said that progress was 
being made in the negotiations 
over Type 23 frigates. An 
announcement is expected be- 
fore the summer recess. 

Mr Youngersaid: "We have 


enjoyed seven years of growth. 
We must now capitalize on the 
gains we have made." 

The Government was pre- 
pared to face up to difficult 
decisions “but it would be 
quite absurd to exaggerate 
these and draw conclusions of 
doom and gloom." 

The defence committee pre- 
dicted last week that the main 
sorce of economies would be 
the equipment budget and 
spoke of Mr Younger's 
“painful" decisions. It said 
that the reduction in expendi- 
ture came at a time when the 
threat to Britain's security was 
no less than it was 

Mr Younger hit out 
critics of the Government who 
suggested the country's de- 
fences were on their last legs. 

“Nothing could be further 
from the truth. Defence has 
harvested the huge benefits 
that have flowed from the 
seven successive years of our 
commitment to the Nato real 
growth aim." 

But he added: “By any 
standards our achievement 
over the last seven years has 
been impressive. And the 
ending of our commitment to 
real increases in defence 
spending does not mean that 
the achievements are over. 

“ Our programmes to up- 
date and reequip the armed 
forces will continue. But we 
have to be realistic. Real 
growth at that pace could not 
have continued forever." 

Mr Younger said the result 
of the Government's efforts 
would be a realistic pro- 
gramme that allowed Britain 
to maintain her present all- 
round contribution to Nato. 


Tomorrow 


Sounds 

infuriating 



Noise: fighting the 
modem world’s 
most persistent 
pollution 





• The £4,000 prize in 
yesterday’s Times 
Portfolio Gold 
competition was shared 
by four readers - Mr 
Charles Knott, of 
Fauldhouse, West 
Lothian; Mr B.G.Pmtt, of 
Lesbury, Alnwick, 
Northumberland; Mr 
George Parker, of 
Rugby , Warwickshire-, 

and Mr Ian Walker, of 
Chard, Somerset 

• There is another 
£4,000 to be won today. 

• Portfolio list, page 
25; rules and how to 
play, information 

service, page 20. 


Gorbachov skoals 



Dow record 

W Street shares jumped 15 
points in early trading in New 
York, taking the Dow Jones 
industrial average above 1.900 
for the first lime. 

Early report, page 24 

Fashion bid 

Next, the fast-growing fashion 
chain which is expanaing into 
home selling, launched an 
£299 million bid for 
vttnan. the Bradford-based 
road Order company 

Next style, page 3 
£299m offer, page 21 

Tripos results 

Jripos examination results 
irom Cambridge in history of 
m and law (pans la and lb) 
m Published today Page 36 


omitted: no reference to a 
summit with President Rea- 
gan, no answer to foe 
President's conciliatory state- 
ment, in GVassboto and no 
eteboravion of foe Soviet, arms 
offer in Geneva. 

The nearest he came to a 
discussion of current East- 
West arms talks was the 
laconic “Our troops in other 
countries are not anchored 
there permanently but if an- 
chors are to be lifted they must 
be hoisted from both sides. 
He challenged the West Euro- 
peans to strike out on their 
own - but emphasized that 
this was not a ruse to split foe 
Europeans from the 
Americans. 

The appropriate metaphor, 
he said, came from the Greek 
jegend of the abduction of the 


From Roger Boyes, Warsaw 

Phoenician princess Europa 
who was first attracted to and 
then carried away by Zeus 
disguised as a white bull As 
the bull started to transport 
her over the ocean, Europa 
began to wail. “The legend has 
very contemporary 

relevance,*’ said Mr 
Gorbachov. 

“Of course Europe slays 
where it is geographically, but 
one gets the impression that 
foe independent policies of 
European states are 
kidnapped and taken 
across foe seas. 

“We do not want to be 
misunderstood, we are not 
trying to drive a wedge be- 
tween Europe and the United 
States. Some lime ago, though, 
the socialist countries viewed 
as a positive thing; the partici- 
pation of foe United States in 
foe European process. At foe 
moment, however, it looks as 
if foe US has decided to art in 
exactly foe opposite direction. 

- Are the European peoples 
really interested in such a 


Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, yesterday ac- 
cused foe United States of 
shunning all Moscow's arms 
initiatives and, quoting Greek 
mythology rather than Lenin, 
charged foe Americans with 
trying to kidnap foe indepen- 
dent policies of Western 
Europe. 

Mr Gorbachov was address- 
ing the 1,700 delegates to foe 
Polish Communist Party 
congress. 

His speech appeared to have some 
two main objectives. The first being 
was to signal unambiguous 
approval for foe party leader- 
ship of General Wojdech 
Jaruzelski and formally to 
drop foe curtain on foe Soli- 
darity era. 

The second aim was to 
convince foe West that recent 
anus reduction proposals 
from Moscow were not made 
out of weakness nor as foe 
result of pressure. 

That part of foe speech was 
crisp and impatient It was 
above all tough in what it 



Australia's Pat Cash showing his 

Wimbledon yesterday (Photograph: Chris' 


development? One must not 
let US imperialism decide the 
fate of the world.” 

He was in favour of real 
dialogue wifo foe West but. tka 
K sucYv talks served foe United 
States as a smokescreen for 
intensifying foe arms race. 

The audience most likely to 
be satisfied by Mr 
Gorbachov's speech is foe 
Polish party leadership. 

Relations are again sweet 
between Moscow and War- 
saw. A smacking kiss, frater- 
nally offered and fraternally 
received, marked the end of 
Mr Gorbachov's speech, both 
leaders hugging each other in 
the sticky heat of the congress 
ball. 

Political fringe, page 7 
Adam Michaik, page 12 
Leading article, page 13 


Couple 
‘spied by 
numbers’ 

By Stewart Tendler 

Espionage equipment "es- 
cape kits" with false papers 
and evidence that Morse code 
messages had been received 
from East Germany were dis- 
covered by police when they 
searched the west' London 
home of an East German 
couple, the Gehtral Criminal 
Court was told yesterday . 

Mr Allan Green, opening 
the prosecution case against 
Reinhard Schulze and his wife 
Sonja. said a brevity code, 
substitution box and one time 
pad were used for changing 
letters or phrases into num- 
bers and then scrambling 
them for transmission in 
Morse code. 

For example, he said, the 
letter G equalled 75, U 
equalled 87 and some of the 
common German letters were 
single numbers so that A 
equalled 0 and E equalled I. 
The brevity code had a series 
of numbers which meant cer- 
tain phrases. He said 253 
equalled cover address or safe 
house while 415 was secret 
writing material and 550 was a 
microdoL 

To transmit a message in 
German it was written out 
first then foe brevity code and 
substitution box were used, 
this scrambled foe message 
which cou/d be further en- 
coded by using numbers from 
foe one time pad. The receiver 
at the other end would have a 
matching pad to unscramble 
foe message. 

Mr Green said “foe brevity 
code tells you straight away 
Continued on L, co\ 1 


From sick 
bed to 
last eight 

By John Good body 

Pat Cash, of Aastraiia, who 
was unseeded and in hospital a 
month ago with appendicitis, 
yesterday opset Sweden's Mat 
Wilander, the No 2 seed, to 
reach foe men's singles q Dar- 
ter-finals at Wimbledon. 

Cash, whose injury and 
' recent illness has sent his 
world ranking plummeting 
from a place in the top 10 to 
number 413, won 4-6, 7-5, 6-4, 
6-3, 

The former Wimbledon Ju- 
nior champion, aged 21, had 
become a favourite of the 
crowd m earlier matches and 
they responded by wildly 
cheering his recovery. 

Cash said afterwards: “If 
you had a crystal ball and said 
I would have beaten Wilander 
I would not have believed it" 
In the women's singles 
fourth round, Chris Lloyd, 
three-times champion and foe 
No 2 seed, was 5-1 down in the 
Gist set to a fellow American, 
Kathy Jordan. 

But Mrs Lloyd fought back 
and won six successive games 
in that set and eventually 
triumphed 7-5, 6-2. 

Repeats, pages 37, 40 


Women 
‘no bar 
to unity 
talks’ 

ByCliffoniLoiigley 

The ordination of women 
priests by the Church of 
England would not end unity 
negotiations with the Roman 
Catholic Church. Pope John 
Paul II has indicated to the 
Archbishop of Canterbury. Dr 

Robert Runcie, in correspon- 
dence between them pub- 
lished yesterday. . 

But foe Vatican has also 
firmly restated the Catholic 
Church's official position, that 
the exclusive maleness of foe 
priesthood is not something 
any church can change, either 
by itself or by agreement with 
others. 

While saying that talks be- 
tween foe churches must go 
on. the Pope nevertheless 
warns that foe advancement 
of female ordination in foe 
Anglican Communion world- 
wide is an “increasingly seri- 
ous obstacle" to further 
progress towards church 
unity. 

The Pope's letter, and one 
from Cardinal Johannes 
Willebrands, head of foe Vati- 
can Secretariat for Christian 
Unity, have been published a 
week from the crucial debate 
in the General Synod on 
legislation for introducing 
women priests, and wilt inev- 
itably be much quoted there. 

In his replies. Dr Runcie 
states that he “folly realizes” 
the obstacle the ordination of 
women would create. He 
creels the Pope's intervention 
in foe .Anglican debate as "an 
expression of that responsibil- 
ity in pastoral care for foe 
unity of all God's people 
which is part of foe office of 
the Bishop of Rome." 

The entire correspondence 
— two lengthy letters in each 
direction — is marked by 
conspicuous courtesies 

In a following letter to 
Cardinal Willebrands, the 
archbishop expresses his own 
doubts about the wisdom of 
Anglicans proceeding in the 
face of opposition from the 
Orthodox and Catholic 
churches. 

But Dr Runcie also devel- 
ops the argument that as "the 
humanity of Christ our High 
Priest includes male and 
female”, the ministerial 
priesthood should now be 
open to women "in order the 
more perfectly to represent 
Christ's inclusive High 
Priesthood." 

The representative nature 
of foe priesthood is actually 
weakened by a solely male 
priesthood “when exclusively 
male leadership has been 
largely surrendered in many 
human societies." 

The correspondence is the 
first occasion on which there 
has been an official theological 
exchange at senior level for 
and against women priests. 
The then Archbishop of Can- 
terbury. Lord Coggan, and 
Pope Paul VI exchanged let- 
ters 10 years ago. 

Exchange of letters, page 5 


South African 
envoy praises 
Thatcher line 

By Richard Evans and Philip Webster 


Mr Denis Worrali, foe 
South African Ambassador to 
Britain. Iasi night went out of 
his way to praise Mrs Marga- 
ret Thatcher for her "con- 
structive" approach to bis 
country’s crisis. 

He told the Commons for- 
eign affairs select committee 
foal her ability to distinguish 
between damaging economic 
sanctions and positive mea- 
sures that would assist in 
eliminating apartheid was 
more likely to bring about 
change. 

His strong endorsement of 
foe Prime Minister's contro- 
versial stance on South Africa, 
on the eve of her statement to 
foe Commons today on last 
week's EEC summit at The 
Hague, is bound to be seized 
upon by Mr Neil Kinnock, 
leader of foe Labour Party, 
and other opposition MPs. 

Meanwhile, Mr Denis 
Healey, the shadow Foreign 
Secretary, said that President 
Kaunda of Zambia was intent 
on leaving foe Common- 
wealth unless h agreed to 
effective sanctions against 
South Africa at next month's 
Commonwealth summit. 

Mr Worrali told MPS that 
the possibility of bis Govern- 
ment making concessions or 
contractive moves was more 
likely when foreign critics of 
Pretoria reached a “more 
realistic" assessment of the 
internal situation in South 
Africa. 

“It is one thing to focus on 
the deficiencies of South Afri- 
can society and foe immor- 
alities of apartheid. It is 
another thing altogether to 
make constructive suggestions 
and to want to play a construc- 


tive role in creating a post- 
apartheid society." 

The anti-South Africa cam- 
paign. which he claimed was 
one of the best financed and 
internationally orchestrated, 
had resulted in little change. 
“The reason it has failed so 
dismally is that it does not 
appeal or take account of the 
seli-imerest of white South 
Africans. It ignores his partic- 
ular interest; it ignores his 
point of view." 

He added: “I sense some- 
thing emerging in Prime Min- 
ister Thatcher’s attitude, a. 
difference between economic 
measures which would cause 
economic damage and mea- 
sures which will assist in 
eliminating apartheid. 

“That to my mind is a new 
distinction . . . and is a more 
constructive approach than 
just beating foe hell out of the 
South Africans." 

Earlier Mr Worrali said he 
could not speculate on foe 
outcome of the planned visit 
to South Africa by Sir Geof- 
frey Howe, foe Foreign Secre- 
tary. and foe EEC initiative's 
chances of success. “That is 
going to depend on when Sir 
Geoffrey visits South Africa, 
how the state of emergency 
develops and foe mood of foie 
Government at the time." 

But he inisisted: “We will 
sort out our internal affairs 
according to the interests of all 
South Africans." 

Mr Healey, on his return 
from his visit to southern 
Africa, said that in five hours 
of talks with Dr Kaunda he 
had tried to persuade him to 
stay in foe Commonwealth 
and fight for action from 

Continued on page 20, col 2 


£ 

U 

te 

id 

w 

o 

t- 

>f 

it 

c. 


Temperatures set 
to drop steadily 

By a Staff Reporter 

The London Weather Cen- 
tre predicts temperatures will 
level off after foe hottest June 
since 1976. TemperaturesMin- 
til foe end of foe wek are 
expected to fall to around the 
low 70s. 

Weathermen say that foe 
threat of thunderstorms has 
passed and that it will remain 
generally dry and sunny. 

There have been sharp con- 
trasts in weather conditions 
during the month. While spec- 
tators huddled in their over- 
coats at Lords on June 5, foe 
temperature on the same day 
at Cape Wrath in Scotland 
edged up to a 7C (45F). 

On the 14th, temperatures 
began to soar. It was 27C (8 1 F) 
in Liphook, Hampshire, and 
even hotter the next day. 

Then on the 26th, foe 
recorded temperature at Sou- 
thampton peaked at a swelter- 
ing 32C (90F). 

Despite blistering beat over 



most of foe country, the 
overall picture for the whole 
month is likely to be only 
slightly above normal. Sun- 
shine levels for the first 26 
days were up just I per cent 
Forecast, page 20 


* 


:o 


PC ‘shot boy aged 5 
from distance of 9in’ 

By Craig Seton 

,h~ h&ll'toj^meinberof by gross negligence or t 

the West Midlands police recklessness’*. 


But only INTER CITY offer you | * 

j HOT JUST 



Rheinhard Schulze: 
‘Told lies’ 


tactical fire arms squad who 
was regarded as an "ideal 
officer" shot a hoy. aged five, 
foroug* \he Viean ftom a 
distance of nine inches during 
a search of a children's bed- 
room, it was alleged at Staf- 
ford Crown Court yesterday. 

PC Brian Chester, aged 37, 
has denied the unlawful killing 
of John Shorthouse during a 
raid by eight armed officers at 
his parents' maisonette in 
King's Norton, Birmingham, 
last August 

Mr Desmond FennelL, QC 
for foe prosecution, alleged on 
the first day of the trial 
yesterday that PC Chester had 
fired his .375 Magnum Smith 
& Wesson intentionally in a 
"classic case of manslaughter 


The court heard that foe 
6 am police raid was part of a 
police operation to search for 
three men, one of them John 
Shonhouse's father. 

In statements to foe police, 
foe court heard, PC Chester 
insisted that he was not aware 
that there was a child on the 
bed and was adamant that he 
did not realize his gun had 
gone off untU he heard moan- 
ing from beneath a blanket 
Officers found him standing 
over foe bed saying “I have 
shot him, 1 have shot him." 

But Mr Fennell alleged that 
PC Chester's statement could 
not be true as the bullet from 
his gun had not damaged the 
blanket before hitting foe boy 
Report, page 3 



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Dr Zhivago may yet win party praise 


As 


From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

nart of the Soviet The controversial rampa^i Dr Zhivago wins rapid approv- reject in order to avoid being 

iintoa’s roltnrol thaw, inteo- to restore Pasremk to his aL it is likely to be at least five forced to emigrate. 

WL? ore under way by proper position in the jpathe- years before the novel reaches Id 1984. the union fhnW the 

Sif CeuStS to siure on of Sonet writer* ,26 years Moscow's state-controlled 

here of after his death, IS being led by bookstores. 

Yevgeny Yevtushenko, the 
maverick poet who has been in 
the vanguard of growing trifr- 


the fire* publication here of 
celebrated 

novel Dr Zb'Mgo and 
pefablish a mnsenm in bis 
SS r in * picturesque 
writers’ tillage on foe out- 


dsm of literary censorship 
since Mr Mikhail Gorbachov 
came to power last year. 


At a press conference at- 
tended by nine of the country’s 
leading literary figures, Mr 
Yevtushenko disclosed that 


a petition 

skirts of Moscow. rtrunele to restore signed by 40 prominent Soviet 

in ^‘5S p ;« 

nnearedofficiallvinfoeSon- important ^ seura te established in the 

“ilSJ Se it — r "SWJara. yOtege or PeredeUtino .ho™ 


JtaoeNws J 
Y'nseas < 

Appo 

An* 

S“l*Ra 18 
cE® 5 2, ‘ 25 

Coot l| 

fer. g 

■few.' *4-12 

36 


Leaden 13 

Legal appts 14-16 
Letters 13 
Ni^bt sky Jg 
Obituary 18 
Parliament 4,20 
Sale Room 2 
Science 5 
Sport 36-40 
Theatres, etc 30 
TV & Radio 30 
Universities 36 
Weather 20 
Wills » 




he lived. 


et Union because n writers’ UnionT held behind 

ltd* as failing to d«£d doors in foe Kremlin. 

1917 rerotatoJJ m j Tbe congress elected a new. The original campaign 

light. Smrnzdut ( c,aI L < “'f ■ 63-stroag secretarial, on against Pasternak was led bv, 
produced) versions ***** which Mr Yevtushenko and among others, Georgi Mar- 
eL however, are kee®£ . er Iibera j writers have sur- kov, the veteran former chief 

as are Western videos ol pVisingly secured official of the union who, on Saturday. 

Zhivago was deliberately 0 f the complexities ceremonial po^^^aibmum! 

excluded from ■ 0 f Soviet red tape, literary It intensified when Pasternak 

ciKioa of. „„ res Prided yesterday km tte Note) Prize roHKii,,, 
works published earlier ihat even if foe caiapaign over prize he was later pressured to 

Year. 


eviction of his relatives from 
his wooden house in PeredeL 
kino and tried toinstal another 
author there. Later, it resisted 
attempts to open a mnsenm in 
his memory, trying iiwtwni to 
establish one to all writers 
associated with the village. 

Yesterday Mr Yevtushenko 
pledged that, under its new 
composition, foe secretariat 
would press ahead with the 
setting up of a Pasternak 
muse ana in foe empty house 
and then push for publication 
of Dr Zhivago. 

Another writer, Sergei 
MikhaHkor, said that the 
state publishing agency was 
already considering whether to 
go ahead after strong pressure 
at foe congress, during which 
some 200 writers spoke. 


Stalker told of 
‘undesirable 
associations’ 

Mr John Stalker, Deputy 
Chief Constable of Greater 
Manchester, was officially rec- 
ommended for suspension 
from duty yesterday, after 
being on enforced leave 
Mr Norman Briggs, chair- 
man of Greater Manchester 
Police Authority, said that Mr 
Stalker had now been told foe 
allegations concerned his asso- 
ciation with known criminals 
and “undesirable associations 
with whom he could become 
obligated". 

Mr Briggs said Mr Stalker 
faced the disciplinary offence 
of bringing discredit upon the 
police force. 

After a private meeting. Mr 
Briggs said foe authority want- 
ed 10 discuss with foe Home 
Secretary, foe way investiga- 
tions againstlMr Stalker wre 

being bandied. 


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HOME NEWS 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 


V" 


ir' 


fjl' 


“i 


Scargill urges 
more industrial 
action to 
protect pit jobs 


By Tim Jones . 

Mr Arthur Scargill jester- Events during the 
dav called for more industrial 


action by miners to “stop the 
onslaught against the in- 
dustry". 

He' claimed the year-long 
strike, which ended barely 18 
months ago. had saved thou- 
sands of jobs. 

Mr Scargill. president of the 
National Union of Mine- 
workers. said: “Unless this 
union is prepared to take 
positive action up to 42 more 
pits will close or merge, with 
60.000 more jobs wiped out 
over the next few years. 

“This is the reality we face. 
To accommodate or to at- 
tempt 10 placate is to surren- 
der. We can surrender or fight 
back. There is no middle 
ground." 

Mr Scargill, who was ad- 
dressing the union conference 
in Tenby. Dyfed, claimed 
British Coal had a- hit list of 
pits it wanted to dose and that 
S3 of the 73 mines earmarked 
for closure in the original list 
had already gone. 

Industrial action had shown 
clearly that the British Coal's 
programme of “butchering" 
should be stopped, he said. 

Since March 1983, 27 pits, 
fivecoking plants and 10 
workshops had been closed 
with a loss of 43,000 jobs. 

“Nevertheless, the truth is 
that our determined stand 
during the overtime ban and 
the year long strike actually 
saved at least 30,000 jobs and 
approximately 22 pits which 
the board had planned to close 
by March 1986. 

"Make no mistake, the 
board will still try to carry out 
its closure programme." 


if 

proved that sooner or later 
miners would have to take 
“organized and united ac- 
tion". 

He told the miners that if 
they were to move forward it 
was essential for the pessi- 
mism and defeatism which 
had prevailed among some of 
them since the end of the 
strike should be dispelled. 

Without being specific, Mr 
Scargill said that only “direct 
action" which earned eco- 
nomic impact could halt the 
policies and slide to complete 
disaster which faced Britain. 

He made it clear that the 
union would expect the next 
Labour government, as its 
first task, to reinstate all the 
500 miners who had been 
sacked during the strike. 

He said there should be no 
hesitation by that government 
in dismissing British Coal 
managers where there was 
evidence of them being party 
to the butchery of the indus- 
try. intimidation of its 
workforce and continued at- 
tacks on the union. 

But Mr ScargjU's calls for 
action were greeted in silence 
and area leaders immediately 
made known their disagree- 
ment with him in public. Mr 
George Rees, general secretary 
of the South Wales NUM, 
praised Mr Scargill for his 
consistency, but said a strike 
was “out of the question" 

As if to emphasize their 
disapproval of their leader the 
delegates did not give Mr 
Scargill the standing ovation 
to which he has become 
accustomed. 


Dean puts 
case for 
single 
print union 

By Peter Davenport 

The merger of the two print 
unions, Sogat: "82 and the 
National Graphical Associa- 
tion, is vital to their fbtnre. 
Miss Brenda Dean, general 
secretary of Sogat, said 
yesterday. 

“If we do not amalgamate 
we shall finish up like the dodo 
and the pterodactyl, extinct 
because they refused to adapt 
and accommodate", she said. 

Miss Dean, who was ad- 
dressing 400 delegates at the 
NGA's biennial conference in 
Blackpool, said the News 

International dispute dearly 

demonstrated the need for a 
single union. 

The dispute would last until 
there was a settlement accept- 
ed, by members in a ballot. 

She said she had not heard 
of any developments from the 
trip by Mr Eric Hammond, 
general secretary of the 
electrians* anion, to the United 
States for talks with Mr 
Rupert Murdoch, chairman of 
News International, to settle 
the dispute. 

Mr Tony Dobbins, the 
NGA general secretary, ac- 
cused the electricians’ union of 
an on precedes ted act of 
“treachery and collusion" be- 
tween an employer and a onion 
over the recruitment of mem- 
bers in Southampton and 
Glasgow to work at Wapping. 

Mr Arthur Brittenden, di- 
rector of corporate relations 
for News International, said 
later that talks took place at 
the weekend between Mr 
Murdoch and Mr Brace Mat- 
thews representing the compa- 
ny and Mr Hamm ond an d Mr 
Tom Price of die EETPU. 

“The union leaders made 
representations to Mr Mur- 
doch on re-opening negotia- 
tions on the Wapping dispute. 
Mr Murdoch agreed to consid- 
er the matter." 


Nunn sues 
over cash 
report 

By Garin Bell 
Arts Correspondent 
Mr Trevor Nunn, the head 
of the Royal Shakespeare 
Company, has started legal 
proceedings against The Sun- 
day Tunes after publication of 
a report that he and Sir Peter 
Hall, his counterpart at the 
National Theatre, were 
amassing personal fortunes 
while their theatres were de- 
pendent on public subsidies. 

Mr Nunn yesterday de- 
scribed the article as “dread- 
fully inaccurate and scurr- 
ilously defamatory". 

The National Theatre an- 
nounced that Sir Peter would 
address a press conference 
today. 

The essence of the newspa- 
per report on Sunday was that 
both artistic directors had 
been using their positions to 
launch new productions 
through the subsidized the- 
atres and then transferring 
them, at considerable profit, 
to commercial theatres. 

In The Sunday Times arti- 
cle, both artistic directors 
defended their positions by 
saying that their deals were 
"vetted down to the last 
comma by our boards and 
then by the Arts Council". 

Mr Luke Rittner, general 
secretary of the council, said it 
was aware that the commer- 
cial exploitation of subsidized 
theatre productions would 
“from time to lime raise 
difficult questions". 

Mr Richard Luce, the Arts 
Minister, said in a statement 
that he was aware of growing 
public concern. 

Theatre backstage, page 12 


Couple ‘spied 
by numbers’ 


Continued from page 1 
the sort of people likely to be 
in need of that vocabulary to 
send their messages and in 
simple English the answer is 
spies or secret agents". 

Bryan Strunze worked as a 
kitchen designer and his wife, 
Ilona, was a translator, but 
they were using false names. 
They had come to Britain as 
secret agents or spies for East 
Germany, the court heard. 

Questioned by police they 
said they were Reinhard 
Schulze and Songa Schulze 
but the court was told it was 
not dear if these names were 
true or part of the cover-up. 

Each made a statement to 
police denying involvement in 
espionage and gave an East 
Berlin address. 

Yesterday Mr Schulze, aged 
33. and his wife, aged 36, 


pleaded not guilty to a charge 
under the Official Secrets Act 
The charge was that be- 
tween 1 980 and 1 985 they had 
committed “acts preparatory 
to communicating to another 
person information which was 
calculated to be or might have 
been or was intended to be 


directly or indirectly useful to 
an enemy" by living in the 
United Kingdom and having 
false documents of identity; 
maps; equipment for receiving 
or sending secret information, 
and receiving and recording 
secret radio transmissions. 

Mr Schulze had pleaded not 
guilty to a charge under the 
Act of making a false state- 
ment that be was Bryan 
Strunze in an application for a 
British, passport His wife 
pleaded not guilty to a charge 
of having an Austrian pass- 
port in the name of Dona 
Hammer. ■ 

Mr Schulze had pleaded 
guilty to a charge under the 
Forgery and Counterfeiting 
Act 1981, of having a false 
United Kingdom passport for 
Philip Beattie. His wife plead- 
ed guilty to a charge of having 
a false West German identity 
card. 

Mr Green told the court: 
"Put simply the case is that the 
two defendants came to live in 
this country as secret agents or 
spies for East Germany." 

The hearing continues 
today. 


Militant pleat rejected 


Mr Tony Mulhearn, the 
Liverpool Militant, failed in 
the High Court in London 
yesterday to lift the “sentence 
of political death" he says was 
imposed on him by his expul- 
sion from the Labour Party. 

Sir Nicolas Browne-Wilkin- 
son, the Vice-Chancellor, re- 
fused Mr Mulhearn's 
application to stop the expul- 
sion taking effect until he 
could challenge its legality in 


the courts. 

In refusing the former Liv- 
erpool District Labour Party 
president an injunction ban- 
ning the Labour executive 
from acting on its decision, 
the judge criticized his use of 
the courts “as a tactical weap- 
on in the political battle ” 

But he agreed that there 
were triable issues involved 
and ordered a trial for 
October. 


THURSDAY 
COULD CHANGE 


PAGES AND PAGES OF JOBS FOR: 

Financial and Accounting 
Chief Executives 
Managing Directors 
Directors 

Sales and Marketing Executives, 
Public, F inan ce and 
Overseas Appointments. 


SEE GENER AL APPOINTMENTS 

IN THE 


TIMES THURSDAY 



Mrs Thatcher and Mr Paul Channon, Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, at tire Eureka conference yesterday. 

Thatcher 


calls for 
open EEC 

By Paul Vallely 

Fresh momentum must be 
gjven to creating a genuine, 
single open market within 
Europe, Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher told European min 
isters in London yesterday. 

In spite of the growth in 
world demand for new tech- 
nologies Europe's share of 
those markets has fallen, the 
Prime Minister told the third 
conference of Eureka. 

Eureka is ainitiative spon- 
sored by the EEC to promote 
collaboration in fields of ad- 
vanced technology and im- 
prove competitiveness in 
world markets. 

Europe has been slow to act 
in competing with the United 
States and Japan in the field of 
new technology, she said. The 
problem was not lack of 
inventive ideas but European 
reluctance to turn ideas into 
well-designed products which 
people wanted to buy. 

One great advantage pos- 
sessed by Europe's main com- 
petitors was the size of their 
home markets, 240 million in 
the US and 120 million in 
Japan. Yet Eureka's market 
area was nearly as large as the 
American and Japanese mar- 
kets combined. 

“Governments must reduce 
the barriers to trade so that 
Europe can enjoy the' same 
economies of stale," she said. 

“If we fail, we face the stark 
prospect that the United 
Stales and Japan will monop- 
olize world markets in high 
technology goods. And we in 
Europe will not succeed in 
creating the new manufactur- 
ing jobs we need in order to 
reduce unemployment” 

Chalker 
warning 
on Europe 

By Michael Horsnell 

Britain was given warning 
yesterday that its presidency 
of the European Goramunity. 
which begins today, will not 
mark the new dawn in Europe- 
an affairs. 

But Mrs Lynda Chalker, 
Minister of State at the For- 
eign Office, said that Britain's 
six-month term of office will 
take Europe along the way on 
the road to unity. 

Addressing the London Eu- 
rope Society, Mrs Chalker said 
that the Community would 
seek co-operation to achieve 
solutions to global problems, 
including South Africa, but 
she failed to elaborate on that. 

She said: "We hope to step 
things up to such a pace as to 
make it possible to have a 
genuinely free internal market 
by J 993. We should none of us 
fool ourselves into supposing 
that this, achieved on time, 
will usher in the millenium. 
But at least it will take us a 
long way to creating the 
conditions of European unity, 
which have eluded the com- 
munity for 30 years." 

Greater unity would be 
achieved by the Single Euro- 
pean Act, designed to break 
down trade barriers, which 
was agreed by the Heads of 
State at the European Council 
in Luxembourg at the end of 
the Luxembourg presidency. 

The conduct of the Com- 
munity. she said, needed to be 
improved because of its en- 
largement, the growth of Com- 
munity business into new 
areas not covered by treaty, 
and the overriding need to 
make better progress of the 
freedom of the internal 
market 


Third government 
defeat on benefits 


By Sheila Gram 

The Government suffered a critical 
third defeat in the House of 
Lords yesterday when it voted 
-to keep the right of appeal to 
an independent tribunal for 
social security claimants. 

Peers left ministers in no 
doubt that they could not be 
pressed into rubber-stamping 
the overhaul of the benefits 
system, brought together in 
the Social Security Bill. 

They approved an amend- 
ment by a majority of 16 
which will allow those seeking 
single payments under the 
new social fund to appeal to an 
independent tribunal if their 
application is turned down. . 

The Government's defeat 
came in spite of hard work 
behind the scenes by the whips 
and the absence of Lord 
Scarman, one- of the 
amendment's sponsors. 

The Government had been 
under great pressure in the 
Commons not to abolish the 
right of appeal for claimants 
and had eventually promised 
to restore it. But peers were 


that the solution 

drawn up by ministers meant 
claimants could appeal only to 
another official and not to an 
independent body. 

It is not thought likely that 
the Government will attempt 
to reverse the defeat when the 
Bill returns to the Commons. 

Lord Wigoder. the Liberal 
judge, said yesterday that 

1 12.000 claimants had gone to 
tribunals to fight for benefits 
in the past four years and 

25.000 of them had won their 
cases. 

The Lords approved 
changes to the Bill last week, 
which could add £460 million 
a year to- the social security 
budget. 

They rejected a clause to 
force the unemployed and 
other claimants to pay the first 
20 per cent of their rates bill 
and agreed to a new communi- 
ty care allowance for the 
severely disabled The Gov- 
ernment is expected to try to 
overturn those decisions. 

Parliament, page 4 


Delay for 
Channel 
link start 


A start on building the 
Channel rail tunnels is likely 
to be delayed for up to six 
months as objectors from 
Kent launch a campaign to 
block the Bill in Parliament 

Eurotunnel Consortium, 
the English and French part- 
nership planning to build the 
£3.000 million link, said yes- 
terday the delay would be 
“undesirable but not 
disastrous". 

The original timetable 
drawn up by Civil Servants 
predicted the completion of 
the detailed select committee 
stage by the end of July. But 
Commons officials were last 
night still sorting the 3,000 
petitions on the Bill, and each 
will have the right to be heard 

The committee is to visit 
tiie Kent coast today to see the 
site of the tunnel entrance. It 
does not plan to sit through 
August, but is making arrange- 
ments to reconvene in mid- 
September. 


The Somme survivors return 

An apocalypse relived 


By Alan Hamilton 

The great arched monument 
on Tbiepval Ridge stares down 
in silent and pompous gran- 
deur over the rolling plain of 
Picardy, where pale red pop- 
pies still pepper the ripening 
corn. On its stone tablets are 
carved tire names of 73,000 
men who did not return from 
war’s most evocatively bloody 
chapter. But it is not a 
catalogue of those who died on 
the Somme; it is merely a list 
of those they never found. 

This morning, 70 old art- 
dim who survived the moh- 
strons anger of the guns will be 
present at Thiepval to partici- 
pate in a service of commemo- 
ration on the 70th anniversary 
of tire day in 1916 that the Old 
Pals went over the top, the day 
that 20.000 men were slaugh- 
tered in foe first boor, the day 
the nation's babble of inno- 
cence and hope was forever 
burst 

They will be joined by the 
Duke of Kent, Colond-in- 
Chief of the Devon and Dorset 
Regiment and the Army's 
principal royal figurehead; Mr 
George Younger, Secretary of 
State for Defence; and repre- 
sentatives of the French and 
many Commonwealth 
governments. 

Wreaths will be laid and 
sacrifice recalled. But few of 
the veterans will need any 
reminding; most have spent 
every day since troubled by a 
vision of hell and marvelling at 
their own survivaL 

Many come regularly, but 
tirey will not come much 
longer. The youngest veteran 
is 86, the oldest 95. Soon there 
will be none left to tell at first 
hand their story to a genera- 
tion that fears murifaDafion but 
Ins never witnessed it 

The men who went to the 
Somme were part of the big- 
gest volunteer army in history, 
sparsely trained and few of 
them yet at their 22nd birth- 
day’; within the first month of 
Kitchener's appeal, 50,000 an- 
swered his pointing finger and 
call to arms, driven by patrio- 
tism, adventure or the shame 
of staying behind. . 

They were fed what proved 
to be two stupendous lies: that 
the “Big Posh" would end the 
stalemate of trench warfare, 
and that the preceding artil- 
lery bombardment of the Ger- 
man lines would make their 
task literally a walkover. 


THE SOMME; JULY- NOVEMBER 1916 



■high, although the loss of 
records has made numbers 
uncertain; they may have been 
less than the British, if only 
because the casualties of de- 
fenders tend to be lighter. 

At the aid of it all, tire 
nation had lost a generation. 
And the British front line had 
moved forward a little more 
than three miles. 


Shaded area shows gronnd covered, Jnly-Nov 1916 


For a week beforehand a 
line of British guns standing 
wheel to wheel for 18 miles 
pounded tire German trenches 
with 1.5 million shells, to 
soften up the enemy and break 
ap his barbed wire. They did 
neither. 

And then, at dawn on a 
bright, hot summer morning, 
the tommies went over the top, 
each man encumbered by 60 
pounds of equipment and the 
fatal order to walk, not charge. 
They found the barbed wire 
more or less intact, and the 
German machine gum 
alert, ready, and welt 
entrenched. 

A hundred and fifty thou- 
sand infantrymen were thrown 
at the enemy on the first day; 
by dusk 22300 of them were 
dead and a further 3SJKH) 
wounded. 

They were cut down, said 
tire eyewitnesses, like ripe 
corn in a field, and they died, 
said Wilfred Owen, with no 
mounting save tire demented 
choirs of wailing shells. 

By the time the Battle of the 
Somme was deemed to have 
ended in November 1916, a 
quarter of a million men of 
Kitchener's army lay dead, 
and another 500,000 had been 
wounded; there was hardly a 
street in Britain that did not 
have a house with its blinds 
drawn. 

German casualties were also 


‘Forgotten 
illness’ 
sufferers 
to get help 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 

Organizers of a new charity 
which aims to raise millions of 
pounds to help sufferers of 
schizophrenia told the Prince 
of Wales last . night of their 
plans. 

The charity. Sane (Schizo- 
phrenia. a National Emergen- 
cy). has been formed as a 
result of articles in The Times 
which described the impact of 
the illness on a quarter of a 
million British victims and 
their families. 

The series. The Forgotten 
Illness, by Marjorie Wallace, 
produced an extraordinary 
public response, including 
hundreds of letters, and led 
Times Newspapers to set up a 
schizophrenia appeal. 

The Prince of Wales ex- 
pressed interest in the subject 
and in the plan to start a 
national campaign. The chari- 
ty will launch the campaign 
early next year. 

Sir Ralph Halpem, chair- 
man of the Burton and 
Debenham Group, was ap- 
proached by- The Times to 
become chairman of the 
appeaL - ^ 

Lady Try on agreed to be- 
come vice-chairman and the 
trustees are Lord Goodman, 
Lord Mouisione, Mr Bruce 
Matthews, of News Interna- 
tional. Mrs Sylvia Matthews 
and Miss Wallace. 

Others who have offered to 
help to raise funds for Sane 
indude Lord and Lady Astor, 
Mr David Frost. Mr Desmond 
Wilcox and Miss Esther 
Rantzen, the television pre- 
senters. and Sting, the singer 
and actor. 

Spectrum, page 10 

£39 fare 

British Midland yesterday 
cut its one-way restricted fare 
to Amsterdam to £39.Five 
flights will operate between 
Heathrow and Scbipol each 
day at fares of up to. £119 
return. 

Leading article, page 13 

Child inquest 

Sarah Harper, aged 10, a 
Salvation Army choirgirl. of 
Brunswick Place, Motley, 
west Yorkshire, died from 
asphyxia, the Leeds coroner 
was told yesterday. The in- 
quest was adjourned for three 
months. 

Hippie repairs 

i Hippies- were yesterday al- 
lowed 4 a ;lurther 2r. days to 
repair their vehicles impound- 
ed by police after the eviction 
from Sioney Cross in the New 
Forest three weeks ago. 

Extra time 

Middlesbrough Football 
Club was given 14 days in the 
High Court yesterday to find a 
financial rescuer to save it 
from extinction. 

Spanish visit 

King Juan Carlos and 
Queen Sofia of Spain arrived 
jn Dublin yesterday for the 
first visit by a Spanish mon- 
arch to the Republic of 
Ireland. 

Warder jailed 

Kenneth Wilcox, aged 52, a 
prison officer, who admitted 
smuggling drugs into Cardiff 
fail for inmates, was jailed for 
five years yesterday try Cardiff 
Crown Court. 


Cyprus 70 crate: Den mark Dfcr 9.00: | 
Finland Mkk O.Oif FBMUH 
Germany DM 3.50: ■ 
dreeceDr l BO: HoUandmHMUItoB| 
Republic 40* Italy L 2. 7CX* Luxem- 
bourg U 4& Madeira ESc 170: Malta 
35c: Morocco Dir 10.00: Norway Kr 
9.00: Pakistan Bps 16: Pomnwf E»C 
170: Singapore SS/gO: S pain p es 200; 
Sweden Skr 9-00: Switzerland S 
Franca 3.oa Tunisia Din 80.00; USA 
SI.76; Yugoslavia Din 400. 


Lusieri drawing sells for £253,000 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 


Lusieri has not been a name 
to conjure with but one of his 
drawings, estimated to sell for 
£10,000 to £15.000, made 
| £253.000 at Sotheby's yester- 
day. More of his drawings are 
likely to come on the market 
soon. 

Giovanni Battista Lusieri 
was born in Rome but moved 
to Naples in the 1780s and 
made a living painting Italian 
views for English travellers on 
the Grand Tour. In 1799 he 


began to work for Lord Elgin 
and lived in Athens, working 
as his agent 

Elgin's admiration for 
Lusieri's talent is revealed by 
his purchase of earlier 
drawings of views around 
Naples, some unfinished, 
from Lusieri's heirs. It was 
those vibrant watercolours 
that had been sent for sale at 
Sotheby's by the present Lord 
Elgin. 

It was a view of Naples 


across a wide expanse of bay 
with Vesuvius puffing in the 
background that fetched 
£253.000. 

Christie's, meanwhile, set a 
new auction price record for a 
dinner service at £237.600 
(estimate £75.000 to 
£ 100 . 000 ). 

The Sevres service with rich 
botanical decorations was a 
present from Louis Philippe of 
France to the Comte de 
-Salvandy. 


THE ROYAL WEDDING BALL 

AN EVENING OF JAZZ, BLUES 
& CABARET 

in the 

Waldorf Hotel, Aldwych 
London, WC2 

23rd July, 1986 

Tickets available in advance only from: 
SIDI TICKETS, 14 EndeU St, London WC2 
Credit Card Hotline: 01-240 9921 
Dining - £35.00 Single £60.00 Double 
Non-Dining £15.00 Each 


Moss Bros 

THE COMPLETE MENSWEAR 



Inducting suits at half die original price. 

STARTS 9am THURSDAY JUIY 3rd 

(Covent Garden brunch open till 7.00 pm Thursdays.) • 

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21/26 Bedford Street. WC2. Telephone: 01-240.4567. 
21 Lime Street, EC3*nd branches-:- .... 






SERIALS "I 

CLASS _ 


THE TIMES TUESDAY 


DATE 


j£illirig during raid ‘a classic case of manslaughter 5 





HOME NEWS 


2 





boy through heart 
at 9 inches range, says QC 




j j 

'i 


C-2. 


) 


; v v. P°Kce marksman shot a 

V‘ -^VhSrtHS 4 P ve trough the 

nine inches ranee 

: f . “dme of a suspected gangster 

• w 'i'.3- C0 ^ rT - was told yesterday! 
.A . r.iv*3S!? n n'M 51 have been fired . 
® ^ v^tontiprally, amid the ten. 

> son of the raid. In “a classic 
of manslaughter*' the 

y ^t^prosecurion alleged. . 

! tv’:! ‘-^Police Constable Brian 
"C- ’•* 'Chester, aged 37, was pale and 
:.^ r .:.:.Wf , on8 after the incident 
• - ; .and told other officere “I have 
• - > ' fi 01 H™?. 1 have sh ot him", 

' V - .-epunset for the prosecution 
-■ .said. 

• ^ Later PC Chester claimed 
mat the gun had gone off 
accidentally rmo what had 
‘.seemed 10 be just a bundle of 
blankets in ihe-chikTs cot But 

‘forensic science tests showed 

• 'there had been nothing be- 

■ i tween the nozzle of the gun 
; and the boy's chest apart from 
■the T-shirt in which he had 
been sleeping, it was allied at 
iStaffond Crown Coun. 

\ PC Chester, a member of 
the West Midlands ' Police 
Tactical Firearms Squad and a 
•qualified marksman, is ao 

V cosed of unlawfully killing the 
‘boy,. John Shorihouse, during 
'the raid on his parents* rnai- 
sonette at - Barra tts Road, 
"-•King's Norton, Biimingham, 

. on August 24 last year. He 
pleaded not guilty. 

. . - -PC Chester, a marksman 
*• since 1977, was said to have 
been, regularly assessed and 
-was- considered by training 
and temperament as an "ideal 
p. '. Officer". Question'd about the 
‘tt shooting, he broke down in 
/.• - > ftont of a senior officer and 

■ said that he knew everything 
that had happened, except 

#£, -why his gun had gone off. 

' Mr Desmond Fennell QC 
for the Director of Public 
-2;' : - -Prosecutions, alleged that PC 
[Chester, a former- Special 
: Branch officer with 16 years in 


By Craig Seton 


m 


■ a,r ■ 


fc. 




OT - 


A;;-. 


■P 


«? ■- - 


the force, bad acted contrary 
to his training and experience 
m firing his 0.375 magnum 
Smith and Wesson at only 
nine inches range when he was 
m no mortal danger and 
without fhst giving a warning. 

He said; "It is the reluctant 
but firm submission of the 
Crown that such conduct- 
was not only negligent or 
blameworthy, but so blame* 
worthy as to be criminally or 
grossly negligent” 

Conduct ‘was 
grossly negligent’ 

He said that the explanation 
given by PC Chester, of Leek 
Wootton. .Warwickshire, that 
he could not see the boy 
beneath a bundle of blankets 
on a single bed "cannot be 
true" because forensic evi- 
dence would show that tire 
bullet had entered his heart 
without damaging any of the 
blankets. 

"This is a classic case of 
manslaughter— manslaugh- 
ter by. gross negligence or 
recklessness." 

The court was told that PC 
Chester, who is married with 
three children: was one of 
eight armed officers who raid- 
ed the maisonette at 6.00 am 
in a search for John 
Shorihouse, aged 35, the 
boy's, after a tip-off that he 
and two other Birmingham 
men had taken pan in an 
armed raid on a restaurant in 
Dyffed, South Wales, two days 
earlier, in which the owner 
had been threatened with a 
pump action shotgun. 

All three men were later 
imprisoned for their part in' 
that robbery. Mr Sh orthouse 
was sentenced to five years. 

The coun was told that 
before, the officers raided the 
maisonnette they were briefed 
that they were looking for men 


who would be prepared to use 
firearms to resist arrest No 
mention was made that chil- 
dren would be at the 
Shorihouse home. 

Mr Fennell said that PC 
Chester and one other officer 
were to search a bedroom 
containing a single bed and a 
cot Both men carried guns 
and their fingers were on the 
triggers. 

He alleged that PC Chester 
failed to search the room 
properly and apparently failed 
to see the boy at all although 
he must have been visible. 

When the shot was fired it 
was at an angle of 30 degrees 
downwards into the bed, so 
PC Chester must have been 
above the child when he shot 
him. 

Mr Fennell said that it 
would become clear that PC 
Chester’s gun was not cocked 
and was in what was known as 
the-double action mode which 
meant that pressure of eight 
pounds, 1 1 ounces would be 
required to operate the trigger. 

Mr Fennell told the jury; 
"Inevitably in a case like this 
there can be strong feelings of 
compassion for Both sides; 

"We ask you to put all 
feelings of emotion to one side 
and judge the matter in a 
detached and clinical way, but 
in a way which sets standards 
of the community whose rep- 
resentatives you are." 

He said that during the raid 
PC Chester and his pair. 
Sergeant Alan Slater, went to 
search the small bedroom. 

"It must have been appar- 
ent to anyone going into that 
room that with a cot and a 
teddy bear, anybody engaged 
in a search with a lethal 
weapon should be on his 
guard against the possibility of 
children being in there," Mr 
Fennell said. 

Sergeant Slater was at the 
door to the bedroom covering 


PC Ch|ner who undertook 
the search. The sergeant had 
called out "under the bed" 
and PC Chester had stooped 
to look there for a weapon. 

The constable shouted 
“OK" and at that the sergeant 
shouted "Clear", indicating 
that there was nothing unto- 
ward in the room. The ser- 
geant then left the room. 

“Then a very short time, a 
matter probably of only a few 
seconds later there was a sharp 
crack from the room," Mr 
Fennell said. 

PC Chester said: “I have 
shot him, I have shot him." 

Mr Fennell said: "He was 
very pale and appeared to be 
panicking." 

‘There was no sign 
of the child 

Sergeant Slater told the 
court that he had been close to 
the bed where the boy was 
sleeping. He said: “There was 
no sign of the child. There was 
no movement at all. It ap- 
peared to me to be nothing 
more than a bundle of rags. 
There was no noise." 

In a statement read out in 
court, Mrs Jacqueline 
Shorihouse. aged 25, John's 
mother, said that he always 
slept in a blanket folded 
double, one part of which 
would be underneath him and 
one pan on top. His head 
would be under the blanket 
PC Brian Goucher, a mem- 
ber of the raiding pany, said 
that he entered the bedroom 
after hearing a loud crack. 

“You would not have 
known there was anyone un- 
derneath the pile of rags. I 
pulled away a very old very 
■thin eiderdown. Blood began 
to pump from a hole in the 
boy's chest" PC Goucher said.| 
The trial continues today. 



Mr George Davies (right), 
the chief executive of Next 
explaining his company's 
fashion influence on the tie 
worn by Mr David Jones, 
deputy chairman and manag- 
ing director of Grattan. 

Next, the successful chain of 
fashion and home furnishing 
stores, yesterday announced 
its latest expansion plans with 
a £299 million merger bid 
agreed by Grattan, the Brad- 


ford-based mail-order 
company. 

Next whose style (left) wQl 
complement that of Grattan 
(right), intends to launch sev- 
eral mail-order fashion cata- 
logues in time for antmnn 
1987. 

The fashion element' is the 
secret ingredient of Next's' 
success. A well-packaged im- 
age, as well as stylish clothes, 
has been the group's aim since 


it started four years ago (Snzy 
Menkes writes). 

Next moved successfully 
into menswear in August 1984, 
In January 1986, colourful 
cosmetics were added to the 
clothing and home ccessories. 

Two weeks ago. Next 
launched another fashion en- 
terprise; Next Too,' aimed at a 
younger a more adventurous 
customer. . 

Merger details, page 21 




t 




m : : 


■ i Concern 

oyer food 
"label laws 

^ • '.-V'New gov^nment food and 
"y\-. ' drink labelling regulations, 
- i which come Into force today, 
- £4: fCoyer flflly cahoot 300 out of 
' ;y--. ;BWre : tteui^"3^800. “additives 
' : *’? ■'nsed ia foe, food 

;-; ';(FACT>says. I'Tx; - ” 
: ‘V &h independent food 

. ;.-po(fcy campaigning organiza- 
J ytfosj, claims at hast 3£00- 
different additives used in 
many . ‘food products, would 
• only .be referred, .to as * 
: /.‘^flavouring” on product la- 

' /“ befcvbecanse they .did not have 
/specific code numbers. 

■ yf. Mr Erik Millstone, a FACT 
. . \ committee member and ketur- 
• V er ip science studies at Sussex 
University, said yesterday: 
“The.bew regniatioas are only 
a-. marginal improvement in 
alerting foe consumer in exact- 
ly 'what goesintothe product 
Ail food additives should be 
dearly, -named on product 
labels-" * 

Food and drink maanfactnr- 
ersshouW not be allowed to 
use additives unless they were 
dearly stated on food labels. 
r About 100 food processing 
aids induding solvents and 
bleaching agents, are exempt 
. from government regulations. 

■ ‘The regulations are a long 
way from winging in full and 

■ complete labelling", Mr Mill- 
stone saidL. 

From today, some additives 
such as colours, preservatives, 
and : antioxidants (a type of 
preservative) must be labelled 
ua ail tins or packets, listing 
the code number or name and 
type of additive. . . 

The regulations also apply 
to die maximum water content 
of cared .meat and fish 
products. . 

•' An Agriculture, Fisheries 
ana Food Department spokes- 
man said yesterday there 
mold not be enough space on 
food , labels to list fully the 
names of all flavourings. 

.Another consumer cam- 
paigner. .Mrs Susan’ I^swis, 

. author of Allergy? Think About 
Food., said the regulations still 
-kept the public in the dark 
about many potentially dan- 
gerous additives. 


>• 


3 , 

tyr'.. 


r u 


Clean up 
High St 
warning 

By Charles Kneritt 
Architecture Correspondent 

The en vironmental quality 
of Britain's high Streets - is. 
heaydy criticized in a report 
•pubtitiiofiftoday by foe Royal 
Fine ^ Art . Commission and- 
sponsored .by nine national 
retailers and developers. 

Mr Nonnan St John Stevas, 
MP, chairman of the commis- 
sion, says in the foreword to 
Design in the High Street: 
"Over foe past 20 ■ years, 
shopping has undergone a 
revolution, wjLh foe multiply- 
ing of shopping centres and 
the expansion of high streets, 
but too often visual and 
aesthetic values have hot kept 
pace. 

“Guttered ftweias with poor- 
lighting, oversize lettering and 
garish colours have been al- 
lowed to disfigure old and new 
buildings alike. - 

"High streets have been 
allowed to become the setting 
for a visual shouting match 
• The study’s recommenda- 
tions include a - call for a 
partnership between local au- 
thorities, traders and amenity 
societies. 

Design in the High Street (The 
Architectural Press, £10.95). 


Vigilance 
warning to 
old people 

| n "'A possible fink between foe 
deaths of four elderly people 
who were found murdered in 
their beds in south London 
was being investigated by 
police last night 
’• Police warned old people to 
be extra vigilant -as in each 
case tiie victims of the appar- 
ently motiveless killer had left 
a bedroom window open. . 

Del Supt Brian Belch, who 
is in charge of foe investiga- 
tion, said yesterday that there 
was not enough evidence yet 
to link the killings but there 
were some similarities. 

The murders took place 
within a few streets in 
StockwriL Three of the vic- 
tims were strangled and foe 
fourth was suffocated with a 
pillow. 

The attacks have occurred 
during the past five weeks 
with foe latest killings at foe 
weekend when Mr Valentine 
Gleim, aged 81, and Mr 
Zbignew Strabrawa, aged 94, 
were found strangled at foe 
SoramerviUe Hastings House 
old ' people's home in 
StockwelL 
Three weeks earlier in the 
area, Mrs Janet Crockett aged 
68, was strangled and a week 
before that Mr Wilf Parkes, 
aged 81, was suffocated. 


Branson’s ‘toy boat 
unworthy of award’ 

By Nicholas Beeston 

Mr Richard Branson will foe trophy is our number one 
not receive the Hales Owen 
Trophy for the fastest Atlantic 
crossing because its- holders 
claim Virgin Atlantic Chal- 
lenger II is a “toy boat and not 
a proper ship" and unworthy 
of be award. 

Challenger II won the Blue 
Riband title on Sunday and 
yesterday Mr Branson said be 
was sad that foe £100,000 
trophy was being kept m the 
US Merchant Marine Acade- 
my Museum. ^ , 

Mr Frank Braynard, foe 
museum's curator, said: “No 
way are we going to give it up, 


exhibit and meant for an 
ocean liner not a toy boat" 
The award was created in 
1935 by Mr Harold Hales, the 
MP and millionaire, to hon- 
our- Blue Riband holders. 
There are no trustees left alive 
to decide whether Challenger 
21 qualifies for foe trophy. 

. Bui Mr Branson, aged 35, 
foe music and airline tycoon, 
said no specifications were 
laid down that would exdude 
his £1.5 million vessel. 

Challenger II is expected to 
make a victory sail up the 
Thames on Thursday. 


Env ironmental health report 

New houses short on space 


i ' •->«-’ 




Bedrooms m some new 
homes are- so cramped that 

they fail mect ' sla f 

darts fixed 150 years agojhe 
Institution of Environmental 
Health Officers said yesterday 
Show houses on newestates 
were somenmes fitted - 
with- .furniture designed to 
make foe rooms look bigger 
than they went 

- The rooms of 

what foe institution called a 

nicture of foe : enviroTunent. 

CSSuiren-.MrRoyE^r- 

son, ; foe institution s pres- 

SSt-utatorELTS 

-iat "there are signs^tnaj 
• ■ • — - worse Bthcr 


p - . 

ra; criticized the Govern- 
u for cutting^ funds availr 



tiying to lift controls on 
industry and commerce. 

The institution listed sever- 
al areas in -which standards 
were falling or public concern 
was mounting: 

Housing 1 Mr Terry Brunt, 
chairman of foe institution s 
housing committee, said its 
members had seen rooms of 
only 40 sq ft compared with a 
minimum of 50 sq ft imposed 
in 1936. ^ nftnn 

Hostels: As many as 20,qou 
houses were probably being 
used for hostel accomodation, 
{he institution said. Over- 
crowding was common and 
Sany had been turned mto 
hostels without planning per- 
mission. . 

Food poisoning: The number 
of food poisoning. cases con- 

’tiriued to- nsei • 


Smoke: Contraventions of 
clean air rules bad increased, 
partly because old people 
burned coal instead of more 
expensive smokeless fuel. 

Noise: Complaints about ex- 
cessive noise had risen by 10 
per cent but enforcement 
machinery to deal with them 
was being dismantled. 

• Noise - control will ■ be a 
major issue during foe British 
presidency of foe EEC Council, 
of Environment Ministers. Mr 
William Waldegrave, a Minis- 
ter of State for foe Environ- 
ment and representative , on 
the council, said yesterday. 
"Motorcycle noise, is tfe issue 
raised in . people's letters .to 
this department more -than 
virtually any other subject,", 
he said. , , ’ 



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Diagnosis 
finds 
Britain in 
sick state 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 

Britain has some of foe 
developed world’s worst 
health problems, which need 
to be tackled urgently by 
government, local authorities 
and individuals, foe Faculty of 
Community Medicine says in 
its Charter for Action, pub- 
lished today. ' 

It says Britain has foe 
highest death rate in the world 
from heart disease; deaths 
from lung cancer in women 
are increasing, and fatalities 
from cervical cancer are al- 
most as high as they were 15 
years ago, although other Eu- 
ropean countries have halved 
the rate. 

Infant mortality has fallen 
less than in most other coun- 
tries in Europe and foe figures 
are still affected by regional, 
ethnic and social class differ- 
ences, the faculty, which trains 
doctors in the specialty of 
community medicine, says. 

Diseases such as measles, 
whooping cough and congeni- 
tal rubella, which have been 
eliminated in other developed 
countries, still cause death and 
disability in Britain, 

Cigarettes cause at least 
100,000 deaths a year in the 
Britain and create "an enor- 
mous burden of illness and 
disability" from heart and 
lung disease, while deaths due 
to alcohol and drugs are still 
rising 

Expectation of further life at 
foe age of 45 is one of foe 
worst of any developed 
country. 

The charter calls on the 
Government to make good 
health “a basic human right", 
and to commit the "right level 
of resources to maintaining 
the health of its citizens". 

The charter has been sent to 
foe Government and all Brit- 
ish health authorities. 

Charter for Action (Faculty of 
Community Medicine, 4 Si 
Andrew’s Place. Regent's Park, 
London NW1 4 LB). 



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THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 


PARLIAMENT JUNE 30 1986 


Defence debate • DHSS defeat • EEC protests 


Minesweeper tenders sought 


DEFENCE 


The Ministry of Efcfcncc is to 
issue a preliminary inquiry this 
week to shipbuilders who wish 
to be invited to tender to build 
four more fleet minesweepers. 
Orders for (he new vessels are 
likely (0 be placed next year. Mr 
George Younger. Secretary of 
State for Defence, said in the 
Commons, opening the two-day 
debate on defence. 

A contract is also about to be 
- placed for the full-width attack 
mine fuse to increase effective- 
ness of barrier mines. 

Mr Younger also said that an 
announcement would be made 
before the summer recess about 
tenders for follow-on Type 23 
frigates. 

He declared said that the 
Government's ending of its 
commitment to real increases in 
defence spending did not mean 
that the achievements of the 
past seven years were over. 

But plans were being altered. 
The Government was perfectly 
prepared to face the difficult 
decisions, it was now time to 
capitalize on the gains that had 
been made. 

Moving a Government mo- 
tion seeking approval of the 
I486 defence estimates. Mr 
Young stated that programmes 
to update and re-equip the 
Armed Forces would continue. 

It would be quite absund, 
though, to exaggerate the diffi- 
cult decisions which the Gov- 
ernment would have to face and 
to draw conclusions of doom 
and gloom. 

No such conclusion (he said) 
has any realistic justification. 

Those who say that the budget 
must keep for ever going up and 
up if we are to have adequate 
defences, are both wrong and 
unrealistic. 

The budget was up by 20 per 
cent in real terms on what it had 
been in 1979. Within that, 
equipment had risen from 40 
per cent to 45 per cent 
Competition in the procure- 
ment of equipment is not the 
end of our efficiency drive (he 
went on). We are continuing to 
transfer resources from the tail 
to the teeth: for example, about 
two-thirds of naval manpower is 
now in the front-line. 

And I trust it will not have 
escaped the notice of those who 
like to lambasi the Government 
with the supposed burden of 
Trident (he added) that — 
notwithstanding misleading 
newspaper headlines — the cost 
of that programme substantially 
decreased m real terms. 

There was no question of 
having to withdraw from any 
major commitment, or any 
major part of a commitment 
One of his difficult decisions 
was about order dates. For the 
Navy, the Government would 
not proceed with plans to retro- 
fit new towed array sonars to 
Type 22 frigates. They would 
continue with existing towed 
radars. 

In the Army, the Government 
would not go ahead with Law 
Mine. Also, they were reducing 
provision for future mine 
systems. 

In the Air Force, some 
changes were likely to the 
timescale and production 
quantities for some weapons 
systems. The size of the second 
batch of Harrier GRSs — for 
which a quantity of long lead 


items had recently been ordered 
— was under consideration. 

Despite this, there was no 
question of wholesale deferrals. 

We shall take decisions, in the 
normal way. as they come up (he 
■ continued). 

In addition to the formation 
of a twelfth armoured regiment 
in BAOR announced last year, 
the introduction of the Warrior 
armoured personnel carrier 
would permit further 
strengthening the capability of 1 
(BR) Corps by remechanization 
of 6 Brigade' starting in 1988. 

Progress was being made on 
negotiations for follow-on Type 
23 frigates, and he would make 
an announcement as soon as he 
could, certainly before the 
summer recess. 

He reaffirmed that they would 
be maintaining about 50 escorts 
in the destroyer-frigate fleet. 
The shipbuilding programme 
was the biggest in recent years. 

The result ofall our efforts (he 
said) will be a realistic 
programme which will allow us 
to maintain our present all- 
round contribution to Nato. 
Among our Nato allies only the 
United States maintains a 
greater range of commitments. 

HMS Illustrious damaged by 
(ire earlier this year, would 
rejoin the task group currently 
circumnavigating the world ana 
taking part in a series of 
exercises with friends and allies. 

On the final leg of the 
deployment, the group would 
take part in an important 
exercise in Oman which would 
demonstrate Britain's ability to 
respond rapidly to a crisis 
anywhere in the world by 
strategic air deployment. 

Britain was the first country 
outside the United States to 
have received substantial 
contracts for research under the 
strategic defenoe initiative. He 
noted with some surprise that 
Opposition parties were 
committing themselves to 
opposing the contracts and the 
high-technology jobs they would 
safeguard. 

He hoped they realized that 
their policy would result in the 
research programme continuing 
unabated with no British 
participation, a drain of British 
skills to the United States, and 
no British influence in the 
conduct of the SD1 research 
programe. 

The action of today's 
Opposition made the Luddites . 
of old look like wizards of high 
technology by comparison. 

Mr Younger described the 
different nuclear policies of the 
Liberal and SDP parties as a 
shambles. Labour's policy- of 
abandoning Polaris and Trident 
which would replace it was 
fraught with danger. 

And if all US nuclear bases 
were removed from Britain, too. 
the US response would be a 
greater likelihood of reduction 
of their contribution to the 
defence of Europe. Nato forces 
would be weakened in the face 
of an ever- strengthening threat. 

This policy (he said) may be 
helpful m patching up the deep 
divisions in the Labour Party 
but simply will not do much for 
a party which, presumably, as- 
pires to become a government. 
Mr Denzfl Danes, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on defence 
and disarmament moved an 
Opposition amendment which 
believed that the plans in the 
estimates, in particular the 


Government's plans to buy 
Trident were leading to damag- 
ing cuts in Britain's con- 
ventional defence capabilities 
and in Britain's defence indus- 
trial base. 

The UK’s security and de- 
fence. it said, should be served 
by strong conventional forces 
within Nato. It wanted removal 
of all nuclear weapons from the 
UK. , , 

Mr Davies said the Secretary of 
State had tried to paint a rosy 
picture of defence expenditure 
but it was dear that from now 
on that it would felL The 
Government needed to order at 
least three Type 23 frigates a 
year. And unless the Govern- 
ment speeded up its ordering 
drastically, sailors would be 
going to sea in the 199ffs with 
the technology of the fifties and 
sixties. 

The cost of maintaining an 
Navy would be an extra 





Davies: Trident paid for in 
ships or aircraft 

burden on the defence budget 
and the prospects for the war- 
ship building yards would be 

grim. 

Britain would soon be with- 
out the capadty to build her 
own warships. 

Almost £5 billion of the cost 
of Trident would not be spent in 
Britain at all but in the defence 
industries of the United States. 
Mr John Lee, Under Secretary 
of State for Defence Procure- 
ment intervened to ask if Mr 
Davies would give an assurance 
to the naval warship yards that 
their jobs would be safeguarded 
under a naval programme nego- 
tiated by an incoming Labour 
government 

Mr Davies said he could give 
that assurance. Labour would 
switch the money planned for 
Trident The jobs would be 
preserved because Labour 
would be able to preserve the 
naval ordering programme that 
this Government would not be 
able to preserve. 


The issue really was whether 
it made economic, military and 
political sense for Britain, with 
all the changes that had oc- 
curred in its society and place in 

the world and the world itself 
since the end of the last war, to 
acquire a third generation of 
nuclear weapons. 

We have tried 10 put forward 
a comprehensive, clear defence 
policy: that we make a substan- 
tial conventional contribution 
to Nato. spend money that 
would be wasted on Trident on 
our conventional defences. 

Sir Humphrey Atkins 
(Spelthome. C). chairman of the 
Select Committee on Defence, 
said it was more urgent now 
than it was a year ago that the 
Government should address its 
collective mind to what to do 
about the decline in the Mer- 
chant Navy. The first thing 
needed was a statement of 
Government policy for which 
his committee called last year, 
including numbers of ships. 

Dr David Owen, Leader of the 
SDP. said the Labour Party's 
position of wanting to ask the 
United States to leave their 
nuclear bases in Britain under- 
mined. went to the very core 
and existence, philosophy and 
military doctrine of the Nato 
alliance. 

It would arouse deep 
passions, great concern, ana 
considerable political argument 
because it bore upon the very 
existence of Nato. The UK 
could not assume in perpetuity 
that Senators and Congressmen 
would be able to go on persuad- 
ing their people to fund 300,000 
United States forces on the 
mainland of Europe. 

That element of US forces 
was the real nuclear guarantee — 
far more effective than US 
missiles, which were nowhere 
near as important. 

There seemed now to be a 
growing acceptance that the 
European pillar in Nato had to 
be strengthened. 

There was a widespread 
feeling of urgency, and 
considerable discussion, in 
Europe that it must face up to its 
own defence responsiWities. 

It was wrong to believe that 
Trident was the natural follow- 
on to Polaris. Rather, Trident 
represented a substantial 
increase in nuclear capability 
over and above Polaris. 

Could Britain afford it? Did it 
make sense in arms control 
terms? 

Tndent meant that Britain 
would be going from a position 
of minimum deterrence to 
something that would be an 800 
per cent increase in numbers of 
warheads — from 64, to 512. 


Complaint about BBC 


SOUTH AFRICA 


Mr Anthony Marlow North- 
ampton North, Q complained 
in the Commons about the 
reporting by the BBC of events 
in South Africa. Asking for an 
emergency debate, he said that 
people were getting a misleading 
view of what was happening. 

He had yet to receive a letter 
on South Africa, yet day in and 
day out the BBC had been 
berating viewers and listeners 
with iL Many issues were of 
equal importance but they did 


not get a dicky bird on the BBC 
The matter should be urgently 
debated, he said, because of the 
myth-building potential of the 
BBC. 

Tie suggested that the BBC's 
failure to convey fairly the 
Government's view on sanc- 
tions was retribution and re- 

Minfsier lc 
the Peacock report on the future 
of the financing of broadcasting. 

The Speaker (Mr Bernard 
Weaiherill) said the request did 
not fall within the standing 
order on emergency debates. 


venge against the Prime 
for her acceptance of 


MPs angry about curtailment of debate 


EEC BILL 


There are to be further 
discussions betweeen party 
business managers about future 
arrangements for consideration 
of the European Communities 
(Amendment) Bill, Mr John 
Biffen. Leader of the House, 
made clear when MPs 
complained about the proposed 
timetable for the remaining 
stages of the Bill. 

The Bill provides for the 
incorporation of the European 
Single Act into British 
legislation and is regarded by 
many anti-EEC MPs as a further 


curtailment of the power of 
Westminster and the handing 
over of power to the European 
Parliament. 

On Friday, after the 
Commons bad considered the 
Bill in committee on three 
occasions, Mr Biffen announced 
that late on Tuesday the 
Government intended to 
introduce a guillotine motion on 
the Bill restricting time for 
debate on it 

Today in a series of points of 
order to the Speaker (Mr 
Bernard Weaiherill). MPs on 
both sides of the House 
complained that the guillotine 
was nothing more than a 
constitutional outrage and an 


abuse of parliamentary 
procedure. One MP pointed out 
n meant that each debate on 
groups of amendments could 
last only 12 minutes. 

Mr Pieter Shore, Opposition 
spokesman on House of 
Commons affairs, said, in 
raising the issue, that the motion 
which had just appeared on the 
order paper showed that the 
Government had allocated only 
a further two hours for the 
committee stage of the Bill and 
one hour for third reading. 

This was. he said, a flagrant 
abuse of power by the executive. 
He appealed to the Speaker to 
prevail upon the Government 


not to pursue this arrogant and 
undemocratic procedure. 

The Speaker (Mr Bernard 
Weatherill) said that the 
Government's motion could be 
amended and it might be, in 
view of what Mr Biffen had said, 
that the House would decide on 
a motion somewhat different 
from that which the 
Government had tabled. 

After listening to other points 
of order, he added that Mr 
Biffen had been helpful, which 
was perhaps the wise thing to be, 
and he hoped something would 
come out of the discussions 
which would be held. 


Another 
defeat 
on benefits 
proposal 


SOCIAL SECURITY 


The Government suffered, its 
third defeat in the House of 
Lords on the Social Security Bill 
when an amendment, reversing a 
proposal to abolish the right of 
an independent appeal against 
soda! fond payments, was car- 
ried by 131 votes to 115 — 
majority against the Govern- 
ment 16, daring the resumed 
committee stage. 

Lord Wjgoder (L). moving the 
am end meat said it would pro- 
vide the framework within which 
future single or exceptional pay- 
ments should be made out or the 
social fond. These payments 
covered such items as maternity 
and funeral expenses, essential 
clothing, hnittrt . fuel and even 
help with fares to see a sick child 
in hospital. 

This structured framework 
was the only way of providing 
consistency and as a matter of 
constitutional principle it was 
right that the regulations should 
be passed ana approved by 
Parliament and not simply arise 
on the directions of a minister. 

Most important, tbongb was 
that there should be a right of 
appeal to an independent body 
for the aggrieved citizen. At 
present appeals went before the 
Social Security Appeal 
Tribunals. 

The Goveruemnt had ac- 
cepted daring the debate in the 
Commons that there had to be a 
right of appeal bat this had been 
pot in the hands of an officer of 
the DHSS appointed by the 
secretary of state, in this case a 
regional officer. That was, be 
stud, a totally inadequate sub- 
stitute for the existing system. 

Lord El wyn- Jones, a Conner 
Labour Lord Chancellor, said 
here was a constitutional 
change in a highly sensitive 
field. The need for the appeal 
was greater than It had ever 
been. What was proposed was 
retrograde, oppressive and a 
straightforward denial of a well- 
established civil right. 

Lady Trumpinglon, Under Sec- 
retary of State for Health and 
Social Security, said the amend- 
ment sought to secure a mixture 
of a social fund governed by 
ation. That was not accept- 
able to the Government Those 
now defending the system had m 
the past criticized it for its 
complexity and inflexibility. 

Derisions would not be taken 
in a vacuum nor oo a basis of 
secret instructions from the 
secretary of state. Directions 
would be issued for guidance 


which would be published and 
officers would make tbeir 
dedsons within the scope of 
these directions. 

The officers reviewing these 
derisions would be independent 
from those . who made than 
originally and they would be 
treated dispassionately. 

The social fund is not like 
other benefits (she said) nor will 
it be administered in the same 
way. It would not be right for it 
to take over an appeal system for 
other needs just because it is 
familiar nor to set np an 
independent system which is 
different in name only from the 
present system. 


More cash to 
cut hospital 
waiting lists 

The Welsh Office is prepared to 
provide extra cash to help 
reduce health service waiting 
lists in Wales, Mr Mark 
Robinson, Under Secretary of 
State for Wales, said daring 
Commons question time. 

Although district health 
authorities themselves could 
meet much of the cost of doing 
these things, the minister said 
he would support measures — 
with special financial provision 
— that would help to make an 
early start on the difficulties. 


Threat to Welsh 
coal industry from 
North America 


MINING 


Imports of coal from North 
America had more effect on 
demand for South Wales coal 
than did imports from South 
Africa. Mr Nicholas Edwards. 
Secretary of Stale for Wales, said 
during question time. During 
the question there was a sharp 
exchange between a Labour and 
a Conservative MP about 
investment links with South 
Africa. 

Mr Edwards opened the 
exchanges when he said that he 
had recently met the chairman- 
designate of British Coal, 
formerly the NCB. (Sir Robert 
Haslam) last week and had had 
a useful discussion with him 
about a wide range of mailers 
affecting the Welsh coal 
industry. 

Mr Barry Jones (Alyn and 
Deesside, Lab): The new deal 
between the CEGB and British 
Coal foreshadows a loss of 1 .500 
jobs in the South Wales 
coalfield. The South Wales 
workforce between March 1983 
and March next year will have 
been halved even though, in the 
past year, productivity has 
increased by 61 per cent. Would 
he now sanction the new 
Margam mine? 

When will the budget of NCB 
Enterprises be expanded in the 
certain knowledge that new job 
losses will wipe out any gain 
made by NCB Enterprises? 

Mr Edwards: The agreement 
between the CEGB and British 
Coal enables lower energy costs 
to be passed on to industry 
generally. It does increase the 
pressure on the coal industry 
and they will have to increase 
productivity levels but they are 
rising fast at present in the South 
Wales coalfield. 

The chairman-designate and I 
discussed Margam. The NCB is 
considering that issue but they 
have yet to put a formal 
proposition to the Government. 
We shall consider it when they 
do. 

Some £20 million is available 
to NCB Enterprises at present 
and we have made dear that the 
organization will receive the 


finance it requires to do the job 
it has undertaken. 

Mr Ray Powell (Ogmore. Lab): 
Today the last pit in the 
Rhondda will be dosed and in 
Ogmore over the past few 
months, everv colliery has been 
closed. That means five 
collieries with 5.000 men put 
out of work, while 27 pits have 
been dosed with 47.000 jobs lost 
in the mining industry since tile 
end of the miners* strike while 
30.000 tonnes of coal is 
imported every month from 
South Africa. 

Is Mr Edwards one of the 50 
members of the Tory Party who 
has direct or indirect financial 
links with the South African 
apartheid regime? Perhaps he 
will ask Mr Keith Raffan 
whether he has? (Conservative 
protests). 

Mr Edwards: 1 certainly have 
not. The Rhondda closure 
emphasizes the historic nature 
of the process under various 
governments for a very long 
time. 

1 raised the question of South 
African coal at that meeting. It is 
entering the EEC in some 
quantities and coming indirectly 
to this country but it has no 
effect on South Wales because it 
is not of the same quality as the 
South Wales coaL 
Mr Keith Raffan (Delyn.O: ! 
am in some sympathy with Mr 
Powell. I have absolutely no 
financial interest in South , 
Africa. 1 am former member of ; 
the executive of the Anti- 
Apartheid Movement, f am 
totally opposed to the present 
South African Government, and 
we should look after the 
interests of our own coal mines. 
The Government should 
consider a ban on imports of 
South African coal as well as 
other sanctions. 

He hoped that Mr Powell 
would show some courtesy to j 
the House and withdraw what 
he had said. 

Mr Edwards: Coal imports from 
South Africa were discussed at 
the recent EEC ministers 
meeting. Imports which affect 
the South Wales industry are 
largely from North America 
rather than from South Africa. 


COMMENTARY 


Pledge on 
leasehold 
protection 

The Secretary of Stale for Wales 
had expressed his concern about 
a firm called Casliebcg Invest- 
ment (Jersey) Ltd and the 
Government would ensure that 
legislation was drafted to pro- 
vide protection from their kind 
of activities. Mr Mark Robin- 
son, Undersecretary of State for 
Wales, said during Commons 
questions. 

Mr Ron Davies (Caerphilly, 
Lab), in asking about the special 
needs of leaseholders in Wales, 
had said that the firm engaged in 
malpractices, intimidation and 
deliberate tax avoidance. 

He wanted an assurance that 
new legislation would be suf- 
ficiently light to provide proper 
legal protection for people sub- 
ject to the deprivations of that 
company. 

Mr Robinson said he was aware 
ofCastlebeg Investment causing 
problems in Mr Davies’s 
constituency. They were doing 
so in his as well. 


£5m more for Welsh 
county councils 

Local councils in Wales that had 
acted responsibly over their 
spending were disgusted by the 
arbitrary way that the 
Government had treated them. 
Mr Roy Hughes, an Opposition 
spokesman on Wales, said 


Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Conclusion of 
debate on defence. 

Lords (2.30): Gas Bill report, 
first day. 


Anxieties 
over sheep 
restrictions 


MONITORING 



Mr Nicholas Edwards, Sec- 
retary of State for Wales, told 
the Commons that he was 
anxious to lift the restrictions on 
the slaughter and movement of 
sheep in North Wales as soon as 
possible. 

His department was carrying 
out an intensive monitoring 
programme in the wake of the 
ban which was introduced 
following the Chernobyl nuclear 
disaster in the Soviet Union. 

He hoped to give the results to 
the House this week. 

He was answering Mr Robert 
Harvey (Clwyd South WesL C) 
who had spoken of the major 
problem or confidence in the 
sheep industry and asked for 
compensation following the 
restrictions on slaughter and 
movement of sheep. He also 
wanted a major publicity cam- 
paign to restore faith in the 
Welsh lamb industry. 

Mr Edwards shared his con- 
cern about the circumstances 
arising from the restrictions. 

We have said we will consider 
compensation (he said) for spe- 
cific forms suffering specific 
losses and we will be discussing 
further with the National 
Farmers’ Union. 

Mr Alexander Carlile 
(Montgomery. L) also asked 
about compensation for affected 
farmers. 

Mr Edwards replied that it had 
been made clear that specific 
claims would be considered. 

Tebbit says 
Labour MPs 
like his law 


UNION LAWS 

There were Opposition MPs, 
including front bench 
spokesmen, who for from hating 
Tebbit's Law. were beginning to 
think it was a very popular thing 
and they had better not threaten 
to repeal it. Mr Norman Tebbit, 
Chancellor of the Duchy of 
Lancaster, said in Commons 
question time exchanges. 

They were begun by Mr David 
w innick (Walsall North. Lab) 
who said: There is a certain 
amount ofsympaLhy for him on 
this side of the House because of 
the way in which so many of his 
Cabinet colleagues are 
rubbishing him and even 
spreading the word that the 
Prime Minister now regrets 
appointing him Chairman of the 
Conservative Party. 

Docs not Mr Tebbit's rude, 
aggressive and abrasive style 
sum up so well this 
Government? Why are his 
Cabinet colleagues so highly 
critical of him? (A Conservative 
MP: “We are not"). 

Mr Tebbit: In so far as anything 
Mr Winnick said is relevant 
today, or even anything he ever 
said here was relevant he is as 
ever talking rubbish. 

Mr John Stokes (Halesowen 
and Stourbridge. C): Will he 
take comfort from the fact that 
wc at least on this side are very 
happy that he is Chancellor of 
the Duchy and will not lose anv 
sleep about it at all?. 

Mr Tebbit said later he was 
always surprised to read in the 
press remarks he was supposed 
to have made or what other 
people had said about him. 

The Government (he went 
on) will continue with its 
policies which are designed 
above alt to restore the position 
of the regions of this country 
just as much as we have restored 
competitiveness to many other 
parts of British industry. 



Geoffrey Smith 


Sir Geoffrey Howe pos- 
sesses one quality to a greater- 
degree than any other senior' 
politician I have ever known: 
doggedness. When be s offers a 
reverse there are no lustrionH' 
ics. He just gets his head down - 
and makes the best ofiL- 
That is wfaat is happening 
now over his controversial’ 
mission to South Africa. It was 
evident to Britain's European: 
partners at The Hague last 
week that he and Mrs Thatch- 
er were not really seeing eye KT 
eye. That impression was con-; 
veyed by atmosphere and- : fof 
rial expression rather than by 
anything specific that wa£* 
said. 

But it was believed, not; 
unreasonably, that there was' 
an essential difference be- 
tween them over the case foF 
further economic sanctions at* 
this stage. Sir Geoffrey wa£. 
therefore onenthnsiastic about * 
undertaking a farther diplo- 
matic mission to South Africa.- 
What could he hope to achieve' 
that the Commonwealth Emi- 
nent Persons Group had been ‘ 
unable to do? 

Such scepticism seems to- 
me to have been well-founded. 
There is a considerable danger 
of Britain jointing herself into 
a diplomatic corner by resist- 
ing sanctions so implacably. 
That would neither help South 
Africa in the long run oor« 
serve Britain's national.', 
interest. .'•» 

Wisdom in being' 
wholehearted - 

But having lost that battle 
Sir Geoffrey is not setting;, 
about bis task in the spirit ofa t 
man who is expectingio justify 
his doubts. His approach is . 
wholehearted. If he fails now h ! 
will not be for want of trying.;: 

That is wise on two scores. 

A tentative style would invite aZ 
rebuff from President Botha.;- . 
Those who expect to foil rarely- 
succeed in negothtiSon; and ' 
those who do not expect to. - 
succeed are all the more likelyj 
to -be blamed fur tbeir-failnre. - 
The more Sir Geoffrey, throw&j; 
himself into his mission the 
more it win be evident that it 
progress cannot be made, enty, 
Mr Botha’s intransigence is. 
responsible. ■ 

That should increase his-" 
chances of getting his own way 
in the long run if he is unable 
to persuade the Sooth African . 
Government. One of the con- 
sequences of his doggedness is * 
that he does manage to have - 
his way more often than is 
appreciated by those who con-,, 
centra te their attention on tfae- 
flamboyant strokes of battle. , ■ 
By scorning vanity now, by a 
devoting all his efforts to - 
making a success of Mrs , 
Thatcher’s policy, he strength- - 
ens his claims to have his..', 
strategy applied in due course * 
if hers is not successful. 

Hus doable purpose will , 
best be served by making if,'; 
dear to everyone, not least to 
South African ministers, that,- 
he conies not only as the , 
British Foreign Secretary bat ’ 
also as the representative of . 
the European Community. It . 
was to emphasize this role that ; 
there was earlier the idea that ■ 
he should not go alone but a& 
the leader of a troika, accom-j 
panied by the immediate past, 
president and the next presi- , 
dent of the European Council ■ 
of Ministers. V* 

The pitfalls ; 

for Britain . 7 

I think this would have been.” 
a wiser arrangement It would;; 
have symbolized the Enropeari - 
status of the mission, and 
thereby both strengthened its 
chances of success and spread'' - ' 
the responsibility if it foiled. ; 
But while opinions of it$ : * 
merits oscillated over the wedr - 
before the summit at The— 
Hague it was not finally, a* 
serious point of contention. -- 
So the objective now should;' 
be to try to get the same effect -• 
by other means. The worst of" 
all worlds would be to give the 1 
impression that this Is a " 
British diplomatic ego trip, ' j 
Britain was in the forefront- 
of the operation to block * 
further sanctions last week> 
Although supported by WesT- 
Gennany and Portugal, tbere^ 
was never any doubt who wa £ ■* 
in the lead. Some people have’ 1 
been remarking wryly tfat «2 
“one-tenth of a second after’’' 
the British have agreed 
sanctions,, the Germans wOT** 
say yes”. . 

That may be a tribute to.; 
Mrs Thatcher's strength b£*. 
pmpose* It is also an indka^’ 
tjon of Britain's exposed posi*. 
tion. That is neither necessary* 
nor wise when the chances of. ; 
success cannot be rated highly. 4 
To be seen as. the principal i. 
protector of South A frica is * 
not a; role, that many woaB-l. 
covet today. • ;; * >? 

If he must go by himself. Sir J - 
Geolfrey should none, the 
take every opportimity-tQ'£ 
make it dear that he does' Bdfr*- 
s peak only for hlmseg. •: 


fliurc 






jV- K 


V. ;i ■ 

■■ -J-. 







oral framework call 
' secondary schools’ 
icy on sex education 


S' Sr, 


£*** qaaiitv- e 


than 


T£r } other 3 


MMtes the 

s nhatfa 

*&«*£ tacil!L ?®n&5S 


tsaKsssS 
5? SrssgS 

specific 

rha,^ 4 

diffe^5 
SS^w economic Zj?** 

fltis titnge •sir /-j^Hnsa 

sasj^rrsa^c 

gpc mission tow'S 

ggsttaaS 

ass 0 '-^^ 

scepticism 


vFmrssm 


i?*?- **1™% *«« that kink 
* Ceoffrev fa run J 
ABBthis tasK in rhc ipi^ 
M*Ba ts expecting to hnA 
gjtaibls. His approach b 
W bbaned.tfhesailiawg 
™*M .«■ for »am of mfa, 
mW is Hist CD r»n *cr a 
fettfrati'* style Hfiu!cin»«fi 
*Wf from President Botin 
HttS* *h« expect to fail rareh 
fatttttf in negoiijtioE ad 
tee who do not expect q 
iK«l are all the more lihdi 
hfaettfamH fr.r thsir faiktt 
Hfaf mote Sir Geoffrey linwi 
tteeff into hi-% mission & 
tet It * ill be evident ifo;i 
i w ^ HW cannot he made, oah 
•JrBotha's mtraRMLVSDt i 

B f lW tl ible. 

Ite should increase b 
teen «f firllir.2 ni> *>«ti »:* 
itfa lone rue if he is urjiifc 
» jKt*iudc the '^utli tfn:J 
pntftnroyni On of rhe n» 
favtWfS Of his dn^Cetinsrvii 

iu it be does mrj^e ;c sa 
b amx more pflcr. thins 
piiffceiand b> those »heco 
nhvr their attention os £ 
MBbmiBt strokes y?" bank 
*r scorn ic;: »anirj tw». v 
rrotin* all his rffuro j 
■fate a success of .’D 
hatcher's policy. he ttreniP 
H hi* claim* if ha*e h 

atenf applf^i * 
faff5 is not SUCCrSStUl. , 
.TWi.tefefc ps^* 
Mtf be served by ntaijc-- 
«sr to «*ervone. not 
Mb African niin:-^ ^ 
j- comes nor un!j * £ 
ritbfe Fureifip “! 

So n I hr reaw-.«M*«; 
ir Llmpean l -jromw . ■ 

***w*»?' r 

Ktewsearl:^- ;■ 

fc should not si*-' ^ J 
r faster of J 

tided fa? thv !r.m4fdJ- e F 
widen* and *1* n ;'^- 

*iof (fae K-jr .*?rta Cow 

The pitfalls 

' for Britain 


! I h- 1| 

I-ifaJttk tins «!•:•■-■ „ o3 j 
•feet arrange r-e.-'- - ,: 

tea «f <I>‘- r -‘;:&i> 


it while opt" 1 
ftksouithi^ •- 

lore it* '- r 

ft *3-. n ’ 

rte 


... 

«i’ 

v ■nn'’ n - .. 


Slfartesci^^^; 

toirx to &' : “p., 

’«wlfrr ,iia r. ;},:, f • 

S»s^% 

Bbw» •“ !" ;i" U> s*J 

■Mfl V ! .' H , , 

tbcfcrf.^,' i rl , : £ 
m ***“ rl i ; » 

f -.r-jS' 

krtionv ch c ‘“ , ‘ 

, | J In** j.jhtS “. 

{ yw ' t , i .• It ,u a 

wr. if 

* fofaf f® 11 .;*■ 

srsti«r?;^ 


^Secondary school pupils 
JgtopW be taught about issues 
s^ch as contraception, sexual- 
^transmitied diseases, homo- 

Sk2!2 y , an ^ aborti on, the 
‘4^ Schools Inspectorate recom- 
rarads in a document pidi- 
ITshed yesterday. 

-:T he . inspectors’ repon 
comes in the week in which 
MPs are due to consider the 
noU$e_ol Lords amendment 
tft the Education Bill, now in 
. its committee stage. The Bill 
s«ks to ensure that sex educa- 
tion is taught with regard to 
“moral considerations and the 

value of family life". 

-3fte inspectors agree that 
s«t education should be pre- 
sented in the context of family 
life- loving relationships and 
resjpect for others, but add that 
rt-4S necessary to include the 
issues of contraception, sexu- 
ally transmitted diseases, ho- 
i^osexualiiy and abortion 
Vi) because they are brought to 
pppils' attention inside and 
outside school. 

-“The discussion of these 
issues should be objective and 
attempt to explore all sides of 
the argument honestly.” the 
inspectors say. 

Mr David Hart, general 
secretary of the National As- 
sociation of Head Teachers, 
said last night the document 
showed that sex education was 
highly complex and should 


By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

)upils noi" be dealt with by care, 
ssues legislation. shou 

xual- “It is an indictment by the male 
omo- House of Lords to legislate on cann 
, the tins subject." he said. “I once withi 
com- again urge the Government to that, 
pub- remove the clause.” judgt 

The inspectors' discussion and c 
-Port document, which has been in conn 
vhich preparation awaiting the giver 
r the Gilhck judgment and its after- 1 6. ss 
ment math, recommends that all Th 
»w in secondary schools should pre- pan it 
: Bill pare a policy on sex education, teach 
iuca- within a moral framework, bccat 
rd to and in consultation with right 
d the parents. dren 

Teachers are told to take sons, 
that account of the law as it applies He 
pre- to, sexual relationships for boun 
Lmily children aged under 16, to says, 
and homosexuality and to objec 
1 that abortion. “T 

! the “it is recognized that indi- f° rle 
>exu- vidual teachers have views of some 
. ho- their own about these matters hom< 
rtion and that often pupils will want m 3 * 
n to io know, and seek to find out, w ° u !' 
and where the teachers stand. 

“Given that pupils are apt ™£yj 
these to place great weight upon . "C 1 
;and_ what their teachers say in 
es of these matters, teachers have to boaie 
the set out their own views with scnio 
the utmost care while pointing *mpo 
tieral out that other people, includ- devisi 
1 As- ing the pupils' own parents, ponii 
hers, might sincerely and properly l " ,s s 
ment hold quite different views." Hot 


care, the inspectors say. Il 
should be explained that fe- 
male contraceptive devices 
cannot be obtained or used 
without seeing a doctor and 
that, under the I98S Gillick 
judgment parental knowledge 
and consent are needed before 
contraceptive advice can be 
given to a girl below the age of 
1 6. save in rare circumstances. 

The inspectors say it is 
particularly important for 
teachers to consult parents 
because parents have no legal 
right to withdraw their chil- 
dren from sex education les- 
sons. 

Homosexuality is almost 
bound to arise, the booklet 
says, and should be dealt with 
objectively and seriously. 

"This is difficult territory 
for teachers to traverse and for 
some schools to accept that 
homosexuality may be a nor- 
mal feature of relationships 
would be a breach of the 
religious faith upon which 
they are founded. 

“Consequently, local educa- 
tion authorities, voluntary 
bodies, governors, heads and 
senior staff in schools have 
important responsibilities in 
devising guidance and sup- 
porting teachers dealing with 
this sensitive issue." 


The subject of contracep- 
tion should be taught with 


Health Education from 5 to 
16. Curriculum Matters 6. (Sta - 1 
tionery Office: £2). 


THE TIMES TUESDAY .II II V 1 1986 


Private 
prisons 
‘should 
be tried’ 

By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 
Correspondent 

The involvement of private 
enterprise in running a prison 
might mean more economi- 
cally and imaginatively run 
units, the Conservative Study 
Group on Crime says in a 
report. It calls for a local 
experiment in the privatiza- 
tion of jails. 

The report. Prison, reflects 
growing interest in privately 
run prisons among Conserva- 
tive Party members, with the 
United Slates seen as oflering 
a dynamic example. The crisis 
in prisons has reached the 
point where new solutions are 
being demanded. Riots by 
prisoners and votes for indus- 
trial action by staff are symp- 
toms of the strain. 

The private enterprise 
move is one of a series of 
options put forward. Another 
idea the group says should be 
urgently explored is the provi- 
sion by the private sector of 
finance and ownership of new 
prison buildings, which would 
then be leased back 

The report says that al- 
though serious crime needs 
comparable penalties, petty 
offenders should be diverted 
from prison. 

Experiments in overnight 
imprisonment coupled with 
day release could be made. 
Prison. (Conservative Study 
Group on Crime, 50p). 



HOME NEWS 


Space technology: 2 


Scientists look to 
the future after 
Challenger failure 


,*lj more than 1.600 experts assembled in Toulouse 
yesterday for the the two-week .VA’l 7 annual assembly 
of the international Committee on Space Research. 
Pearce Wright, Science Editor , reports in the second 
article on some of the issues facing the future of the 
space sciences. 



The activities of man in 
space attract more attention 
than the results of experi- 
ments made with unmanned 


a large programme planned by 
the Soviet Union. By the early 
1990s. the Russians intend to 
launch a spacecraft which will 


craft in. say. the monitoring of go in a polar orbit around the 
the Earth's magnetosphere or Moon, a spacecraft which will 


Joanne Warbnrtoa, aged 10, of Dunstable, Bedford- 
shire, leaving the High Court in London yesterday 
with her mother after the girl was awarded £150.000 
damages for a blunder by a hospital in Blackburn, 
Lancashire, which left her blind after her birth. 


Science Report 


New light on smoking 
and heart disease 

By Thomson Prentice. Science Correspondent 


* wtpmnatK corner bx J? 

in| rt5 

Wisdom in bei® 
>. wholehearted" 


Ordination of women 


Churches exchange views by letter 


From Pope John Paul II 
to the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, December 
20, 1984 

The degree of communion 
which has already been 
brought about between us by 
the grace of God, indeed 
God's very call to us to be one, 
also bids us face frankly the' 
differences which still separate 
us. While the Catholic Church 
must always be sensitive to 
the heritage which she has in 
common with other Chris- 
tians. she . must nevertheless 
base frank - and ' constructive 
dialogue upon clarity regard- 


^ . _ . _ . , , The Catholic Church lakes 

The General Synod of the Church of England meets very seriously the considerable 
this weekend to discuss the ordination of women, a progress that has been made 
subject which is threatening to inflict irreparable ri 1 ^ ^ 

damage io Anglican unity Published below are mcmiM ,fc. Our gjemrr S; 
extracts from an exchange of letters on the subject, four must be a fundamental concern. 
in all, between the Vatican and the Archbishop of and it has io be stated frankly 


Canterbury, dating from December 20. 1984. to June 
17 of this year. 

The first two letters are an exchange between the 
Pope and Archbishop Runcie. The third and fourth 
represent an exchange of communication between the 
Anglican leader and Cardinal Willebrands, President 
of the Vatican Secretariat for Promoting Christian 
Unity. 


dialogue upon clarity regard- letter as an expression of that women m «*rUie more 
into h»r fxnm iwntinnc responsibility in pastoral care perfectly to represent Christ s 

in for the unity ofall God’s people Inclusive High Priesthood. 

•It was m =this spmt that, m which is part of the office of the This argument makes no 
an important exchange - Ot Bishop of Rome. You may be judgement upon the past, but is 
letters ro * 1 975fT976, -Pope certain that -I received your strengthened today by the- fact 
Pmif: VI affirmed tO:Aichbish-:; letter in die same spirit of that the represwnationai nature 
Op-Coggan the position of the brotherly love with which it was of the ministerial priesthood is 
Catholic Church concerning sent and also intend this reply to actually weakened by a solely 

. . . . a . ii.ni b,.ik rrralp nnpcthnnH vuhpn pvHii- 


women in order the more 
perfectly to represent Christ’s 
inclusive High Priesthood. 

This argument makes no 
judgement upon the past, but is 
strengthened today by the- fact 


Catholic Church concerning 
the admission of women to 
priestly oidiantiom a step at 
that time being considered by 
several Churches of the Angli- 
can Communion. 

I know that Your Grace is 
weU aware of the position of 
the Catholic Church and of the 
theological grounds which 
lead her to maintain it; indeed 
I am grateful that, in the recent 
debate in the General Synod 
of the Church of England, you 


reflect that “speaking the truth 
in love” of which your letter 
spoke. 

1 would therefore propose to 
Your Holiness the urgent need 
for a joint study of the question 
of the ordination of women to 
the ministerial priesthood, es- 
pecially in respect of ' its con- 
sequences for the mutual 
reconciliation of our Churches 
and the recognition of their 
ministries. 

Though the difficulty is grave, 
to face it together would, I 


referred to the implications of suggest, give real substance to 
this question for Anglican the hope expressed at the end of 

. V - ■ • • !«L *L. VAlir Ipt iPr 


relations with the Catholic 
and . Orthodox Churches. But 
the outcome of that debate 
prompts me to reaffirm with 
all brotherly frankness the 
continuing adherence of the 
Catholic Church to the prac- 


your fetter. 

From Archbishop of 
Canterbury to Cardinal 
Johannes Willebrands, 
Head of the Vatican 
Secretariat for Christian 


tfeeTand principles so clearly Umty,DeceraberI8, 1985 
U„ Po.il \rr While some Roman Catholic 


“With 'his well-known affec- 
tion for the Anglican Commu- 
nion and his deep desire for 
Christian unity, it was with 
profound sadness that Pope 
Paul VI contemplated a step 
which he saw as introducing 
into our dialogue “an element 
of grave difficulty”, even “a 
threat” Since that time we 
have celebrated together the 
progress towards reconcilia- 
tion between our two Com- 
munions.' But in those same 
yekrs She increase in tire 
number of Anglican Churches 
which admit, or are preparing 
to admit, women to priestly 
ordination, constitutes, in the 
eyes- of the Catholic Church, 
an increasingly serious obsta- 
cle to that progress. 

Pope Paul VI stated that 
"obstacles do _ not destroy 
mutual commitment to a 
search forreconciliation”. We, 
top; were “ encouraged by pur 
reliance on the grace of God 


actually weakened by a solely 
male priesthood, when exclu- 
sively male leadership has been 
largely surrendered in many 
human societies. 

It is. however, by no means a 
foregone conclusion that ihe 
General Synod of the Church of 
England will immediately move 
in such a direction, for il is not 
yet dear whether a sufficient 
consensus has been reached to 
effect the proposals called for by 
the Synod last November which 
prompted the Holy father’s 
letter. 

As you already know, I am 
not myself convinced that ac- 
tion should be taken on ordina- 
tion to the presbyterate by 
Anglicans alone, no matter how 
oonvindng the positive argu- 
ments, until there is a wider 
consensus in our Churches. 1 
believe the argument for 
ecumenical restraint is also a 
doctrinal .one because it is only 
in such a wider perspective that 
particular churches can truly 
discern the mind of the whole 
Church. 

At the same time realism, 
together with an acquaintance 
with the history of the Church, 
prompts me to recall that until 
such time as Christians have 
clearly discerned the mind of the 
Church in matters of conten- 
tion. there has often arisen sharp 
discussion, debate and even 
conflict. It is indeed through 
such conflict and debate that the 


theologians may have suggested particular churches cai 
otherwise to Anglicans, I under- discern the mind of iht 
stand the Holy Father’s letter as Church, 
affirming that the Roman At the same time i 
Catholic Church believes that it together with an acqua 
has no right to change a tra- with the history of the ( 
dilion unbroken throughout the prompts me to recall tn 
history of the church, universal such ume as Christian 
in the East and in the West, and clearly discerned the min 
considered to be truly Apostolic. Oturch in matters of i 
On the Anglican side there lion, there has often arise 
has been a growing conviction discussion, debate ant 
that there exist in Scripture and conflict. It is indMd t 
Tradition no fundamental such conflict and debate i 
objections to the ordination of truth is often discerned, 
women to the ministerial Though we do not yet 

priesthood. &"*■"* f f°™ w 

I feel an obligation to report to present appears io oe m 
Your Eminence what I consider incompatible posmoi 
to be the most substantial (east, where some A 
doctrinal reason, which is seen Provinces have actual 
not only to justify the ordina- darned women to the 
tion of women to the priesthood hood - I am given hope 
by some Anglican Provinces. &« that those who bef 
but actually to require it- doctrinal dialogue betw 

The fundamental principle of 20 years ago did not ther 
the Christian economy of salva- see the end from the begi 
tion — upon which there is no from Car 

question of disagreement be- willebrands to the 
tween Anglicans and Roman wuiwranos ro uw 

Catholics — is that the Eternal bishop of Cante 
Word assumed our human flesh Jane 17, 1986 


andbyallthatwc hkve seen of in oukr 

S 0 R r' STTMl m 


ecumenical movement of our 
time" when we set up ihe new 
Commission, whose task in- 
cludes study of “all that 
hinders the mutual recogni- 
tiqn of the ministries of our 
two Communions" (Common 
Declaration, May 29, 198-, 
No 3), It is in that same hope, 
in tlie charity that “hopes aU 
things" (J Cor I 3 : 7 )butwhich 
seeks the unity of Christ s 
Body by “speaking the truth m 
love" (Eph 4:15), that 1 wile 
thee words to you, my dar 
Brother, as we celebrate the 
Birth of the Lord who came in 
“the fulness of time io unite all 

things” (Eph LI 0). 

Fiiort the Archbishop of 
Canterbury to Pope John 
Paul IL December 11, 
1985 ■ u . 

Before all else 1 want to thank 
Your Holiness for the construc- 
tive and frank character of y°“ r 
letlAr * The ntiestion of tbe 


this same humanity might be 
redeemed and taken up into the 
life of the Triune Godhead. In 
words common to both our 
lituratcal traditions: “As he 
came to share in our humanity, 
so we may share in the life of ms 

divinity." , 

Il js also common ground 
between us that the humanity 
taken by the Word, and now the 
risen and ascended humanity ot 
the Lord of all creation, must be 
a humanity inclusive of women, 
if half the human race is to share 
in the Redemption he won for 

us on the Cross. ■ 


way forward from what at 
present appears to be mutually 
incompatible positions — at 
(east where some Anglican 
Provinces have actually or- 
dained women to the priest- 
hood — I am given hope by the 
feci that those who began the 
doctrinal dialogue between us 
20 years ago did not themselves 
see the end from the beginning. 

From Cardinal 

Willebrands to the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, 
June 17, 1986 

1 agree with you that this issue 
cannot fell to arise on the 
agenda of the second Anglican- 
Roman Catholic International 
Commission which has the task 
of studying all those things 
which stand in the way Of 
mutual recognition of each 
other’s ministries- It is in that 
context and in that perspective 
that i. too. would envisage 
further study and reflection on 
this question taking place. 

What I would like to do is to 
refer to some specific points 
made in your letter and 1 wish 
first of ail to speak to a point you 
make towards the end of your 
letter. You say that you yourself 
are not convinced . that An- 


that a development like the 
ordination of women does noth- 
ing to deepen the communion 
between us and weakens the 
communion that currently ex- 
ists. The ecdesiological implica- 
tions are serious. 

If 1 understand it correctly, 
the thrust of the argument is 
this: Christ is our High PriesL 
The humanity he assumed to 
accomplish our redemption was 
a humanity that included both 
male and female. Thai is to say. 
his humanity must be under- 
stood as an inclusive humanity, 
if the whole human race is to be 
able to .enjoy the fruits of the 
redemption. Those who are 
commissioned as priests in tbe 
Church fulfil a twofold repre- 
sentative function: not only do 
they represent the priestly na- 
ture of the whole body of the 
Church: they also stand in a 
special sacramental relationship 
with the risen Christ Especially 
in the Eucharist they represent 
Christ Since Christ’s humanity 
is inclusive of male and female, 
those who represent Christ in 
the Church would do so more 
perfectly if their number in- 
cluded both males and females. 

It is clear that the question of 
who can or cannot be ordained 
may not be separated from its 
appropriate context of sacra- 
mental theology and eedesiot 
ogy. The practice of only ■ 
ordaining men to the priesthood 
has to be seen in the context of 
an ecclesiology in which the 
priesthood is an integral and 
essential aspect of the reality of 
the Church. Il is in and through 
the ministry or priests that the 
once-for-all sacrifice of Christ is 
present reality. So there is real 
continuity between the redemp- 
tive work of Christ and the 
priestly office exercised both by 
those in the episcopal order and 
by their collaborators in the 
order or presbyters. 

The picture of human 
redemption that is put before us 
in the Scriptures is ofa God who 
is powerful to save and of a 
people who receive salvation as 
a free gift Feminine imagery is 
used to reveal tbe place of the 
human family in God’s plan of 
salvation. In the Old Testament, 
the people of Israel is depicted 
as the bride of Yahweh. In the 
New Testament. St Paul speaks 
of the Church as the bride of 
Christ. In its tradition, the 
Church has understood itself in 
terms of this feminine imagery 
and symbolism as the Body 
which received the Word of 
God. and which is fruitful in 
virtue 'of that which has been 
received. Mary, the Mother of 
God is. in her response to the 
Word of God, a type of ihe 
Church. Christ, on the other 
hand, is the Head of the Body, 
and it is through the Head that 
the whole Body is redeemed. It 
is precisely in this perspective 
that the representative role of 
the ministerial priesthood is to 
be understood. 

Christ took on human nature 
to accomplish the redemption of 
all humanity. His male identity 
is an inherent feature of the 
economy of salvation, revealed 
in the Scriptures and pondered 
in the Church. The priest repre- 
sents Christ tn His saving 
relationship with His Body the 
Church. He does not primarily 
represent the priesthood of the 
whole People of God. However 
unworthy, the priest stands in 


A new understanding of how- 
cigarette smoke is involved in 
can) io vascular disease has 
been achieved by a study of 
hormones which regulate 
blood clotting and the expan- 
sion of blood vessels. 

Researchers have found that 
long-term smoking alters the 
production of prostacyclin, one 
of the body's most important 
dilators of blood vessels, and 
thromboxane, which constricts 
the vessels and stimulates 
dotting agents in the blood. 

Studies involving smokers 
and non-smokers at the Uni- 
versity of Southern California 
School of Medicine have 
shown that nicotine alters the 
balance between tbe two hor- 
mones. It causes prostacyclin 
levels to fall, and thromboxane 
levels to rise, with tbe effect 
that vessels constrict and 
platelets in the blood are 
stimulated to build np. 

Changes in hormone levels 


were found only in chrome 
smokers. No ebanges occurred 
in non-smokers wbo inhaled 
bigh-nicotine cigarettes, sug- 
gesting to researchers that 
cardiovascular damage is not 
immediate but occurs only 
after some period of time. 

To establish whether the 
effects were caused specifical- 
ly by nicotine, experiments 
were conducted using nicotine- 
free cigarettes, and with nico- 
tine chewing gum. The cig- 
arettes produced no changes, 
while tbe gum produced effects 
comparable to those of high- 
nicotine cigarettes. 

In related research, mecha- 
nisms that may increase the 
risk of vascnlar disease in 
women wbo smoke and use 
oral contraceptives were inves- 
tigated. Preliminary findings 
have shown that smoking 
significantly decreases prosta- 
cyclin levels in long-term 
smokers who use the PilL 


measuring the solar wind. 

But in the past 29 years, 
almost 3.500 satellites have 
been launched and a large 
proportion were for scientific 
exploration. Their discover- 
ies. ranging from pictures and 
measurements of planets, 
comets, asteroids and the solar 
wind to the evidence for 
intelligent life beyond Earth, 
will be examined at the confer- 
ence of the Committee on 
Space Research (Cospar), in 
Toulouse. 

However, the committee's 
main concern is the effects on 
planned experiments after the 
accident to the Challenger 
space shuttle in January. 

NASA, the American space 
agency, has abandoned the 
development of an upper stage 
rocket called Centaur, because 
of risk to the crew. 

When Cospar was founded 
in 1958, the ideas for research 
were focused mainly on as- 
tronomy. geodesy and geo- 
physics. and radioscience.But 
the current work of space 
research covers almost every 
scientific discipline. 

When Challenger exploded, 
it overshadowed a spectacular 
achievement by an interplane- 
tary spacecraft called Vovager 
II. 

Four days earlier the Voyag- 
er had passed within 50'0ti0 
miles or the cloud tops of the 
planet Uranus and transmit- 
ted volumes of scientific data 
and photographs of the 
planet’s system and its IS 
moons. 

That riaia and the pictures 
are still being analysed but the 
full significance of the discov- 
eries will be considered -at the 
Toulouse meeting. 

Future exploration includes 


be placed in orbit around 
Mars and a mission to an 
asteroid. 

An equally impressive 
American programme, with 
European collaboration in 
many projects, has suffered a 
setback with the delay of the 
fleet of space shuttles. 

Three missions were criti- 
cally affected because of time: 

• Astro-I was to have been 
launched on March 6 to 
observe Halley's comet. 

• Ulysses, also known as 
International Solar Polar Mis- 
sion, was a European Space 
Agency mission scheduled for 
May 15. The timing was 
critical because the spacecraft 
must first travel to Jupiter, 
where the giant planet's gravi- 
ty would fling it over the Sun's 
unexplored polar regions. The 
proper alignment of eanh and 
Jupiter for that purpose occurs 
only once every 1 3 months. 

• Galileo, a NASA/Wcst Ger- 
man mission to explore Jupi- 
ter. was intended for launch 
five days after Ulysses. 

The fourth science mission 
affected is the Hubble space 
telescope. It was scheduled for 
launch on October 27. Bui 
because it will remain in 
Earth's orbit, it is not ham- 
pered in the same way. 

The Hubble telescope, cost- 
ing Si. 2 billion, will be the 
heaviest object ever orbited by 
the space shuttle. .Astrono- 
mers will be able to observe 
out as far as 14 billion light 
years, to the edge of the 
universe. 

If the shuttle launch is 
unsuccessful, there is no back- 
up telescope and the entire 
project will end. 

Tomorrow: Research into 
microgravity 




delivers 
the goods 

before 
9.00 am 


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<2ime Anglicans would how- gjjcans should go ahead with the persona Christi. Christs saving 
ever then go on to point to the ordination of women “until sacrifice is made present in the 


^L^ntatjve nature of the there is a wider consensus in our world as a sacramental reality in 
SSErial priesthood. They churches". This observation and through the ministry of 
would antue that priestly charao seems to irte to open up a priests .And the sacramental 
Sf-f. tJecisely in the feci that profound theological dimension ordination of men takes on force 
IfJSS is commissioned by Sfthis question. The ordination and signifiranceor^selywiihin 
ML church in ordination to only of men to the presbyterate this context of the Church s 
JUrirni the priestly nature of an d episcopate is the unbroken experience of its own idenuty.of 
fKhole body and also- Tradition of the Catholic and the power and significance of 
SLrfallvin the presidency of Orthodox Churches. Neither ihe person of Jesus iChnsL and 
“hirist - to stand in a Church understands itself I© be of the symbolic and iconic role 
sacramental relationship competent to alter this Tra-- of those who represent Him in 
Priest in rfiitnn. The constant Tradition IheeuchansL 


dilion. The constant Tradition 
of the Catholic and Orthodox 


In saying this I wish simply to j 


letter. :.The question ot roc H igh Priest in dilion. The constant Tradiuon meeucnansL 

admission Of women to .the wiiht nns f uman i ty is 0 f the Catholic and Orthodox In raying this I wish simply to 
ministerial priesthood is, a dm- and who ever lives w Churches has considered the make lhe P® ,m thal 'he abu- 

sive 'matter not only between . ^^^ssion for us at the praC tice of Christ and the Apps- ments you relay cannot count as 
our Churches bm also wtihm make in the p aI h«: Be- lies as a. norm from which .she . fo F ^5 radical mnova- 

Ihertk It is surely a sign of both ngffi human j iy of Christ could not deviate. The practice non of ordaining women to the 

the'seriotisness and the matunty caus ti i „if priest includes male 0 f the Church to ordain only priesthood., the arguments do 

of ' -Anglican-Roman Catholic <> u )' lhus urged that me n embodies her fidelity under not negotiate the manifold 

refeifrmTibat we can exchange and Dr iesihood ihe guidance of the Holy Spirit theological issues which this 

' sabiccl surrounded the — 


, h . n H 0 r the rauiCE. lies as a norm irom wmen jjk 

humanity of Christ could not deviate. The practice 
Priest includes male 0 f t he Church to ordain only 
it is thus urged that me n embodies her fidelity under 
h d minister^ priesthood the gui dance of the Holy Spirit 


lion of Ordaining women to the 
priesthood, the arguments do 
not negotiate the manifold 
theological issues which this 




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OVERSEAS NEWS 


Fears of neo-Nazi link 
with extreme left as 
group leader is jailed 


West Germany's , longest re- 
cent trial of a neo-Nazi ended 
after 22 months yesterday 
when FCari-Heinz Hoffmann, 
aged 48, was found not guilty 
of ordering the murder of a 
Jewish publisher and his wife, 
but wasiailed for 9'fc years for 
other offences. 

The trial took place in the 
same courtroom as the great 
Nuremberg trials of the major 
war criminals in 1945-46- 
Hoffmann was accused of 
having ordered a member of 
his organization, the “Army 
Group Hoffmann", to murder 
Mr Shlomo Levin and bis wife 
Frieda at Erlangen, near 
Nuremberg. 

The group member, Uwe 
Behrendt, carried out the mur- 
der and is believed to have 
committed suicide in Leba- 
non 1 0 months later in the Bir 
Hassan Palestinian refugee 
camp, where he was involved 
in training guerrillas as one of 
the links between West Ger- 
man' neo-Nazism and the 
Palestinians. But the prosecu- 
tion' was not able to establish 
to the court's satisfaction that 
'Hoffmann gave the order, 
after he denied doing so. 

• in a complicated indict- 
ment involving many of- 
fences, Hoffmann admitted 


From Frank Johnson, Bonn 

forging US dollars to help few years ago still undeviat- 
build an arms factory in ingly Adolf Hitler," the report 
Lebanon. He was found guilty says. “But after the two nght- 
of grievous bodily harm, file- wing terrorists, Oddfried 
gal possession of arms and the Hcpp and Walther KexeL, in 
illegal detention of a member the summer of 1982, pub- 
of his group, all of which he iished their pamphlet Farewell 
denied. io Hitlerism, the number of 

Hoffmann's companion, voices accusing Hitler of be- 
Franziska Birkmann, was sen- traying National Socialism by 
lenced to six months' impris- making it bourgeois^and pro- 
onment for failing to report a capitalist has grown." 
planned crime - the illegal These latest neo-Nazis de- 
detention. scribe themselves as national 

Despite the seriousness of revolutionaries, social revolu- 
this case, it comes at a time tionaries. left-wing national- 
when the number of neo- ists or right-wing socialists, 
Nazis »n West Germany seems says the report. They have 
to be falling. adopted as their new heroes 

A recent annual report on the brothers Gregor and Otto 
extremism by the Organiza- Strasser and Ernst Rohm — 
tion for the Protection of the the so-called radical Nazis. 
Constitution said there were Hitler had Gregor Strasser and 
about 23,500 people in the Rohm murdered during the 

country who could be de- “Night of the Long Knives” in 

scribed as right-wing extrem- 1934. Otto Strasser had al- 
ists, of whom only 1 ,400 could ready been expelled from the 
be called neo-Nazis. Only party and had left Germany 
about 220 of the neo-Nazis for Canada. He returned in 
could be described as militant. 1955 and died in Munich in 
During 1985, the number of 1974. 
neo-Nazi groups fan from 34 This ideological change in 
to 29, and it was thought that neo-Nazism is causing some 
the number of actual members concern to the West German 
had fallen also. police, because it could make 

But the report indicated a neo-Nazis ready to cooperate' 
recent change in the ideology with left-wing extremism, 
of neo-Nazism. “The idol of Both share views on US 
German neo-Nazis was until a “imperialism" and Israel. 


Yen keeps voters Quick deal 
happy in Japan f *^Mo 

Frrim David Tnkvn UH ITAaVilU 


From David Watts, Tokyo 

In the middle of hectic Party gave 5 million yen to 
election campaigning, a work- each of the 3 1 7 candidates it is 
er for Mr Chikara Higashi ticking. Cabinet ministers get 
slipped away from a rally in an extra 5 million yen. Each 
Arita. envelope in hand. faction gives its campaigning 

In the envelope was a members anything from an- 
con tribu tion to a bereaved other five million yen to 20 
family. The money may be million yen. 
anything between 3,000 yen Though Mr Higashi and the 
(£12) and 50,000 yen (£195), four other candidates running 
depending on the relationship in the Number 2 Wakayama 
between the politician and the district are legally limited in 
family, but it typifies the sort the amount they may spend in 
of expense that a Japanese the constituency's 36 cities, 
politician faces. Weddings, fri- towns and villages, it is a 
nerals, traditional summer provirion honoured more in 
and winter gifts the politician the breach, there and through- 
must make an endless series of out Japan. 


such contributions. 


Local people estimate that 


There is a supporters' asso- each candidate in Wakayama 
nation to be kept happy, not will spend in each provincial 
merely when it is time to get population centre what the 
the vote out Its membership law allows him to spend in 


can run into thousands: 


total across the whole constit- 
- The: traditional two-way re- uency. Total expenditure for 
lationsbip between candidate the five candidates could be 
and voter goes a long way to about 720 million yen. 


explain the enormous expense 
of Japanese elections. There 
have been several pieces of 


It is not hard to see why the 
opposition parties complain 
of “money politics" — or what- 


legislation to try to limit gave rise to the saying “five 
f campaign expenditures and you win and three you lose" 

* ‘ end the inevitable corruption, meaning that 500 million yen 

The polls are largely state- spent should buy victory, but 
financed: campaign literature 300 million yen may not be 
is paid for out of public funds, enough. 

: Posters are dassmed as cam- So far in this campaign tittle 

paign literature, so are the has been heard of what sort of 
display boards to be seen all goodies Liberal Democrat 
over, each constituency. The candidates are offering their 
distribution of election bulle- constituents. With the Prime 

* •: tins the size of a newspaper Minister attempting to cut the 
'•sheet, a limited number of cost of government, it would 
-• newspaper advertisements not be wise to talk about them 
: .and radio and television too publicly, but some new 

* . speeches are all paid for by the sfainkansen (bullet train) lines 

: taxpayer. are a favourite.- The former 

In this election such costs Prime Minister, Mr Kakuei 
are budgeted at 57 billion yen Tanate, made good one of his 
to cover the contests for both promises in building a bullet 
Houses of Parliament, and train line from Tokyo to his 
that includes 430 million yen Japan Sea coast constituency. 


for checking election law vio- Opposition parties cannot 
Unions. With 512 seats being offer such fancy inducements, 
contested in the House of lacking the connections in the 
Representatives and 126, or ruling party's bureaucracy, 
one half of the seats, being Their incomes are none the 
contested in the House of (ess impressive. Last year the 
Councillors, the cost to the Communist Party declared 
state of electing an individual income of 38.2 billion yen, the 


Peking (Reuter) — China 
yesterday began talks with 
Portugal on the future of 
Macao, the tiny capitalist 
territory run by Lisbon for 
more than 400 years 

Mr Zhou Nan, the chief 
Chinese negotiator, told Se- 
nhor Rui Medina, his Portu- 
guese counterpart, that both 
nations would benefit from 
the two-day talks on Macao, a 
gambling centre and textile 
producer with 500.000 people 
across the Pearl River from 
Hong Kong. 

Lisbon has for some time 
recognized Chinese sovereign- 
ty and tried to return Macao in 
1967 and in 1974. Peking 
turned down both offers, but 
finally agreed following the 
agreement with Britain for the 
return of Hong Kong in L997. 

There are few indications 
when China will take back the 
oldest European settlement in 
Asia, ceded to Portugal 429 
years ago, but government 
sources in Macao said they 
thought an agreement could 
be reached by the end of the 
year. 

The talks are not expected 
to resolve substantive issues, 
such as the future political and 
legal systems of Macao. 

Analysts said China and 
Portugal would have to set a 
I timetable for the transfer of 
I political power, now in the 
hands of the Portuguese Civil 
Service and a Lisbon-appoint- 
i ed governor. 

Peking has said repeatedly it 
wants Macao's future to re- 
flect that of Hong Kong, which 
will become a special adminis- 
trative region guaranteed 
broad autonomy under a “one 
countiy, two systems" con- 
cept aimed at integratingit as 
part of Communist China 
while permitting it to continue 
as a capitalist trade centre and 
free port 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY I 1986 







Tamils killed in 
clash off coast 

rnfnmbo fAP) — A time • Rights comnusskm: Presi- 
hnmb Slfavedto have been dent Jayewardene approved 
Sfanted bv Twiii rebels killed the establishment of a com- 
wounded 19 mission to monitor com- 
mSn Sri Lanka plaints of discrimination and 
SSi"; T£d the Navv <m violations of fundamental 
tenoned io have killed 33 rights. , . , . 

Tamil fighters in an encounter The Sn Lanka Foundation, 

offthe coasT a semi-governmem^ency in- 

° The bomb, hidden under a volved in human ntfuseduat- 

road bridge, exploded near the tion. said the 10-member 

city of Vavuniya, the military commission 

reported. It had been set to go pointed 

offat rush hour. consultation with the Chief 

Naval sources said the 33 Ju !{S: iaI sources said the 
Tamil fighters had been trying . . was linkeid to de- 
to inflate i Sri Lanb i fan Ta^Ust 

the equal opportunities m areas 
row Palk Strait between the . .. innri «*ttw 



Karl Heinz Hoffman, jailed for 9Vi years by a court in Nuremberg for a number of offences, 
though he was cleared of ordering the murder of a Jewish publisher. 


two countries. 

Their boat was intercepted 
by a naval ship off shore from 
the city of Talaimannar, and 
was sunk when the Tamils 
opened fire; A Tamil who 
jumped overboard was taken 
into custody. 

Tamils often travel by boat 
across the 22-mile strait. Some 
are civilian refugees; others 
are fighters that Sri Lanka 
alleges are trained at guerrilla 
bases in southern India. India 
denies this. 


Bureaucrats seize the steering wheel 


Britain today takes over from 
The Netherlands as president 
of the EEC Council of Minis- 
ters. In the second of three 
articles. Rickard Owen reports 


made up of ministers from the 
Twelve, disposes. A Commis- 
sion proposal becomes law 
throughout the EEC only 
when the Council has ap- 


from Brussels on the nature of proved it — often a lengthy 
the European Commission, process. Below the 17 commis- 


inc bureaucracy with which the 
council must deaL 

Every weekday at noon a 
ritual fakes place at the 
Berlaymoat, the vast, oddly 
shaped plate-glass headquar- 
ters of the European Commis- 
sion in Brussels. A team of 
spokesmen — and one spokes- 
woman — appears in the press 
room to provide information 
on the Commission's activi- 
ties, publications tutd reac- 
tions to events. 

It is a replica of the kind of 
government briefings given by 
the State Department in 
Washington and, increasingly, 
by the Foreign Ministry in 
Moscow. 

But the Commission is not a 
government: it is a civil ser- 
vice. The 17 commissioners — 
two each Dram Britain, West 
Germany, France, Italy and 
Spain, and one each from 
Portugal, The Netherlands, 
Befa f m n, Ireland, Denmark, 
Luxembourg and Greece — are 
appointed by national govern- 
ments, not elected. 

A broad rale of thumb is 
that the Commission proposes 
and the Coandl of Ministers, 


s loners comes a huge bureau- 
cracy. 

The Commission, in other 
words, is only the EEC’s 
administrative arm — in the- 
ory. Bat the sheer weight of 
the Commission and the fact 



Inside 
the EEC 

Part 2 


Bst the commissioners were 
able to act as they did because 
the Commission has powers of 
its own which overlap with 
those of the Council, particu- 
larly in enforcing the Treaty of 
Rome, die EEC basic law. Mr 
Sutherland and Mr Clinton 
Davis were able to say to the 
Council In effect: "If yon do 
not do as we ask, we wftl take 
legal action ourselves against 
airlines for illegal practices 
and bypass you altogether." 

Similarly, when the Council 


being supposed to denote com- 
mercial policy as opposed to 
foreign policy. 

EEC governments argue 
that the EEC cannot have a 
“foreign policy", since it is not 
a country. Bat ft can have an 
agreed common position by 
the process known as "politi- 
cal co-operation", which is die 
prerogative of EEC foreign 
ministers. 

Mr de Clercq and M Claude 
Cheysson, the Commissioner 
for North-South Relations 


hesitated over bow to react to (and a former Freoch Foreign 
Chernobyl, the Commission Minister), tend increasingly to 


announced iwmwfafr EEC 
restrictions on meat imports 


act on behalf of the EEC on 
the world stage. What worries 


that the commissioners have 
portfolios such as transport, 
agriculture or external rela- 
tions mean that the Ber- 
laymont tends to be regarded 
(and to regard itself) as the 
EEC government 
When EEC transport minis- . t 
ters met toward the end of the by the media -seeuK toe^ert 
Dutch presidency to discuss the Commission to bold views 
cheaper air fares, they were take actio " on «»y 
openly angry at being present- conceivable subject even 
ed with an ultimatum over air where the Commission has 
transport liberalization by Mr or no power. Thus Mr 
Peter Sutherland, the Irish WiU 7 de Clercq, the Belgian 
Commissioner for Comped- Co mmis si oner for Externa) 
tion, -and Mr Stanley Clinton Relations, deals primarily 
Davis, the British Transport . with trade disputes with 
Commissioner. America or Japan, “external" 

to Romania Kidnap 

l UN man claim by 

ire*or, Ctnera Afghan 

neva to present his resignation z 
By entrusting him with From Hasan Akhtar 
mediation of the Rainbow Islamabad 

Warrior affair, France and . . . ... ^ . . 

New Zealand had “shown The Afghan Vice-Consul in 
faith in the UN". Sehor Perez Kaffln has accuscrttheCTA 
de Cuellar said he could do the of kidnapping last Wednesday 
same on other issues if coun- Afghan Consul, Mr Baz 

tries “accepted that ncgotia- Muhammad Rahyab, his wife, 
tion means compromise -but and their daughter, aged three 
so often there is only iniransi- months. Earuer press reports 
gence and inflexibility" f* d ^ MrRahyab,who had 

On Afghanistan, he said the j*? 1 recall t0 Kabul, had 
UN “must not be used to ex- defected, 
tend negotiations indefinitely. ' . On the basis of tne allega- 
The parties must at last face hon. Karachi police have 
up to their responsibilities, registered a rase of kidnapping 
they must manifest the politi- a . nc * launched an investiga- , 
cal will for a solution," he The P^stan Foreign 
said, referring to the eighth Ministry has not made any 


Complaint to Romania 
on missing UN man 

From Alan McGregor, Genera 
Sefror Perez de Cuellar, the neva to present his resignation 


UN Secretary General said 
yesterday he has made a fur- 
ther representation to the Ro- 
manian Government about 
Mr Livio Bota, the Romanian 
who has been head of the UN 
Institute for Disarmament Re- 
search since 1980. Mr Bota 
has not returned from a visit 
to Bucharest last December. 

“This case is extremely im- 
portant for me. My duty is to 
defend our staff members. I 
met Mrs Bota yesterday and 
discussed with her how I can 
help in solving this problem," 
Mr Peres de Cuellar said. 

“I am still hopeful the 
Romanian Government will 
understand it is their obliga- 
tion to release Mr Bota and let 
him come to New York or Ge- 


from Eastern Europe without those who oppose this trend is 
waiting for the governments of that under die reforms of the 
the Twelve to read a consen- Single European Act — which 
sns. The Commission can will be finally ratified daring 
often act decisively where it the British presidency — the 
takes tiie Council too long to overlap between the powers of 
arrive at a common line, often the Commission and those of 
based on the lowest common the Council has increased, 
denominator. And the growing role of the 

Moreover, European opin- Commission comes at a time 
km — at least as represented when, because of EEC en- 


By entrusting him with 
mediation of the Rainbow 
Warrior affair, France and 
New Zealand had “shown 


said, referring to the eighth 
round of talks between Afghan 
and Pakistani foreign minis- 
ters, scheduled to begin on 
July 30. 


member is 90 million yen. 

In addition, the parties pro- 
vide their candidates with 
campaign funds according to 
each party’s resources. The 
ruling Liberal Democratic 


income or billion yen, tne 
Liberal Democrats 25.5 bil- 
lion yen. and the Socialists 
1 1.8 billion yen, but it is a safe 
bet the true Liberal Democrat 
figure was considerably larger 
than that. 


Jails where health is broken 


Court expected Ex-Malaysian 
to hear dead leader makes 
woman’s case bang in gs plea 


South Toms River, New 
Jersey (Renter) — A terminal- 
ly 31 woman, fi ghting in court 
for her right to have a life- 
supporting respirator tinned 
off, died yesterday, two days 
before the state Supreme 
Court was due to hear her 
case, officials said. 

Kathleen Farrell aged 37, 
mother of two teenage boys, 
had amyotrophic lateral scle- 
rosis, or Lou Gehrig's disease. 
A lawyer in the case said she 
had been ill for about four 
years. She was almost com- 
pletely paralysed, and was 
: being cared for at her South 
• Toras River home and was on a 
l respirator. 

: _ Last week a judge approved 
5 her request that the life sup- 
port system be famed Off, but 
court-appointed lawyers for 
her sons appealed and the 
o*der was stayed. 

__ One of the lawyers, Mr 
- Petri- Strohm, said the state 
r ‘ Supreme . Court, in. a highly 
. unusual move, decided to con- 
sider the caSe within a few' 
days, without awaiting an 
appeal court decision. 

Mr Strohm told Reuters 
, ‘yesterday that be expected the 
■'watt to consider the case as 
scheduled today, despite Mrs 
^jfarreftrs death. 

^Jn bpurt last week, Mrs 
^^Farielfs husband, Francis, 
"ksatiffSbe had asked him to help 
her die. 


Kuala Lumpur (Reuter) — 
Malaysia's first Prime Minis- 
ter said yesterday that capital 
punishment for drug traffick- 
ers was unfair and inhuman. 

In his weekly column in the 
Star newspaper, Tunku Abdul 
Rahman touched on the case ! 
of two Australians sentenced 
to hang for trafficking and 
said: “The Prime Minister 
should not be too hand ... but 
should temper justice with 
mercy. 

The Prime Minister, Datuk 
Seri Mahathir Mohamad, said 
last week that Malaysia would 
take no account of skin colour 
or philosophy in its fight 
against drug abuse.MaIaysia 
has hanged 36 people for drug 
trafficking since 1975. Anoth- 
er 107 are awaiting trial or the 
results of appeal. 

The Australians, Mr Kevin 
Bartow and Mr Brian Cham- 
bers. who have been sentenced 
to death for drug peddling, are 
fighting rejection of their final 
pleaTtieir appeal was thrown 
out in December and a plea 
for clemency was rejected. 

The Tunku. aged 83, who 
ruled from 1957 to 1 97a said 
drug abuse was a vice “which 
no power on Earth can 
eradicate" and so long as the 
source of drugs was allowed to 
produce them, it was not fair 
to impose capital punishment 
on traffickers. 


By Caroline Moorehead 

The poor health of 12 
elderly political prisoners in 
Yugoslav Jails is causing con- 
cern to human rights organ- 
izations. 

Several of the prisoners are 
in their seventies, and are 
reported to be suffering from 
illnesses such as diabetes and 
cardhMpdmonaiy conditions, 
much aggravated by the severe 
prison regime to which they 
are subjected. 

Food is apparently inade- 
quate, temperatures inside 
prisons are allowed to drop to 
well below zero, and work is 



Yugoslavia 


aging the reputation of the 
Socialist Federal Republic of 
Yugoslavia" to “malicious ty 
and falsely describing socio- 
political and economic condi- 
tions in Yugoslavia". 

Tea are detained in prisons 
In different parts of the coan- 
try, while two are being held in 



obligatory. Tuberculosis cases ^ psychiatric section of Bel- 
bave been sent to work in the grade prison hospiteL They 


foundry, in smoke and dost 

All 12 are men held for their 
political views. Charges range 
from spreading “hostile pro- 
paganda", “establishing con- 
tads with hostile organ- 
izations abroad" and “dam. 


Mr Vefikovjc in psychxai 
ward of prison hospital 


include: 

• Nikola Novakovic, aged 73, 
a pharmacologist and wartime 
member of the Croatian Peas- 
ant Party; sentenced to 10 
years in prison for keeping up 
contacts with the banned and 
exiled party. HeH in Foca 
prison m Bosnia-Hercegovioa, 
he suffers from lumbago. 

• Ivan Zografslri, aged 72, a 
retired Bulgarian doctor, resi- 
dent in Sarajevo since 1972; 
sentenced in 1984 to six and a 
half years' HHprisonment for 
speaking disparagingly of eco- 
nomic conditions inside Yugo- 
slavia and for referring in an 
insulting manner to the late 
President Tito. Held in 
Sremska Mitrovica prison in 
tiie province of Vojvodina, he 
i$ suffering from cirrhosis of 
the liver and diabetes. 

• Radomir Vefikoric, aged 60, 
former officer in the Yugoslav 
Army. Forcibly retired in 
1967, be was sentenced in 
March 1973 for "hostile 
propaganda" for accusing 
President Tito of responsibil- 
ity' for crimes, and abases 
which be maintained had been 


Dr Novakovic (above), who 
stayed in touch with exiles, 
and Dr Zografski (below), 
who criticized the economy. 



comment. • 

According to Karachi press 
reports, the Vice-Consul Mr 
Ghulam Hasan, told journal- 
ists on Sunday that Mr 
Rahyab and his family were 
taken forcibly from the office 
of the Belgian trade commis- 
sioner by a man said to be the 
US Vice-Consul in Karachi, 
and detained at the US Con- 
sulate. Mr Hasan rejected the 
report that Mr Rahyab had 
sought asylum or defected. 

No American official was 
available for comment. 

Mr Hasan said Mr Rahyab, 
posted to Pakistan about a 
year ago, was a staunch sup- 
porter of the Afghan revolu- 
tion. 

• LAHORE: Six Sikhs of 
Canadian nationality were 
granted bail by a magistrate i 
hwe yesterday, pending their 
trial on charges of assaulting ! 
Indian diplomats. 

The Sikhs had been visiting 
a shrine in Lahore earlier this 
month when they allegedly 
attacked several Indian diplo- 
mats who were at the shrine to 
assist Indian Sikh pilgrims. 


largeraent, the balance be- 
tween North and South has 
shifted, with the richer north- 
ern nations — including Brit- 
ain — losing their dominance 
over the poorer son them na- 
tions, who are keen tease EEC 
membership to gain access to 
European regional and struc- 
tural funds. 

Tomorrow: Chairing amncfls 

Moscow 

expels 

diplomat 

From Christopher Walker 
Moscow 

The Soviet Union yesterday 
ordered the expulsion of a 
Portuguese Embassy official, 
allegedly for pursuing activi- 
ties incompatible with his 
status. 

The move was seen as direct 
retaliation for Portugal's deci- 
sion last week to expel two 
Soviet Embassy officials from 
Lisbon for alleged acts against 
national security and interfer- 
ing with Portuguese internal 
affairs. 

In an official protest to the 
Portuguese Embassy here, So- 
viet authorities said the two 
Soviet officials had been 
“groundlessly accused of un- 
lawful activity." The expulsion 
of the Portuguese official fol- 
lows other recent examples of 
swift and sharp Soviet retalia- 
tion against countries which 
have expelled Soviet citizens 
• LISBON: A Portuguese 
Foreign Ministry spokesman 
named the expelled official as 
Seuhor Artur Martins, bead of 
chancellery at the embassy 
(Reuter reports). He was given 
three days to leave the Soviet 
Union. 

The spokesman said the 
Portuguese Ambassador to the 
Soviet Union, Senhor Sergio 
Sacadura Cabral had protest- 
ed to the Soviet authorities 
against what he considered to 
be retaliation for the expulsion 
of the two Russians from 
Portugal a week ago. 

The spokesman said Senhor 
Martins's wife, Teresa, who is 
also on the staff of the 
embassy In Moscow, would 
leave with him, although she 
was not included in the Soviet 
expulsion order. 




- < 4 !. % 

if r i * 

H 1 






i\c 


riB hts - . , „ 

The Sri Lanka Foundation, 
a semi-$overnmem agency in- 
volved in human rights educa- 
tion. said the 10-member 
commission wouJd be ap- 
pointed by the President in 
consultation with the Chief 
Justice. 

Official sources said the 
decision was linked to de- 
mands by minority Tamils for 
equal opportunities m areas 
such as aiucation, land settle- 
ment. and law and order. 

The foundation's chairman, 
Mr Harry Jayewardene, the 
President's brother, said the 
commission hoped to elimi- 
nate racial, religious, lan- 
guage, caste, sex and political 
discrimination and would 
monitor observance of funda- 
mental rights. . . 

It would inquire into com- 
plaints and settle them 
through conferences, media- 
tion and conciliation. 

Aquino 
takes 
over bank 

Manila (Reuter) - The sec- 
ond biggest bank in the Philip- 
pines was brought under 
government control yesterday 
as the Commission on Good 
Government seized 95 per 
cent of its stock and elected 
new directors. : l 

The shares m the United 
Coconut Planters’ Bank woe 
seized on suspicion that they 
were controlled by the former 
President, Mr Ferdinand Mar- 
cos, or Ids associates, or had 
been bought improperly with 
public funds. 

The Defence Minister, Mr 
Juan Ponce Enrile, who was 
the bank's chairman, said he 
had declined President Cor- 
azon Aquino's invitation to 
keep the post so that the 
commission could investigate 
allegations of mismanagement 
and irregularities. 

His departure from the 
bank after 1 1 years as chair- 
man appeared to open a 
potentially new area of con- 
flict with President Aquino. 
Relations between the Presi- 
dent and the Defence Minis- 
ter. who led the military revolt 
last February that installed her 
in power, are already reported 
10 be uneasy over the Mrs 
Aquino's handling ofthe com- 
munist insurgency in the 
Philippines: 

The bank’s president, Mr 
Danilo Ursua. resigned after 
the meeting. The commission 
had alleged earlier that he held 
shares on behalf of Mr 
Marcos. 

, • Detainee honoured: Presi- 
dent Aquino has appointed a 
former detainee, who was 
sentenced to death by a mili- 
tary court, as a governor of the 
state-owned Development 
Bank of the Philippines 
Mr Eduardo Olaguer, re- 
leased' from military prison 
when Mrs Aquino became 
President, was condemned to 
death for his alleged involve- 
ment in a series of bombings 
in Manila six years ago. - 
Mr Olaguer. held in military 
prison sinite 1980, was linked 
to the Light-A-Fire Move- 
ment which was believed to 
have been responsible for a 
series of bombings of govern- 
ment buildings during the 
Marcos administration. 

Kasparov tops 
world’s best, 
chess players 

Lucerne (AP) - The Inter- 
national Chess Federation has 
headed its list of the world's 
top players, published at the 
weekend, with world champi- 
on Gary Kasparov. 

The top 10 men read: Gary 
Kasparov. USSR, 2,740 points; 
Anatoly Karpov, USSR. 2.705; 
Artur Vusupov. USSR. 2,660; ' 
Victor Korchnoi. Switzerland. 
2.650: Robert Huebner. West 
Germany, 2.620; Andrei Soko- 
lov. USSR, 2,620; Boris 
Spassky. France, 2.620: Jan 
Tim man. The Netherlands, 
2.620; Nigel Short. Britain. 
2.6 1 5: and. Lajos Ponisch. Hun- 
gary. 2.605. 

The women’s list brains: 
Zsuzsa Polgar. Hungary. 2.455: 
Maya Oiiburdanidze, USSR. 

Pia Cramling, Sweden. 

Tr^r-V, Nona Gaprindashvili. 

USSR. 2.350: and Irina 
Leviuna. USSR. 2.350. 


'•jTrfc. • r. 


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iSlriuizzL 1 


t: ■■■ 


US team tackles Everest mystery 


committed by the state securi- 
ty police. Confined in the 
psychiatric section of Belgrade 
prison hospital ever since, be 
is believed by his family to be 
sane and fit. 

Ont of Yugoslavia's estimst- ! 
ed 200 political prisoners, ! 
other detained pensioners in- 1 
dude a 7 J -year-old former 
judge, Mirko Sonic, an 85- 
year-oM labourer, held in psy- 
chiatric detention, Mflisav 
Zivanoric, and a 73-year-old 
Muslim called Hanefija Av- 
dagic. 


Boston (AP) — A computer 
engineer will follow in the 
footsteps of two British moun- 
taineers this summer to search 
for proof that they reached the 
highest point on Earth in 
1924, nearly three decades 
before Sir Edmund Hillary 
and his Sherpa guide, Tenzing 
Norgay, conquered Mount 
Everest. 

With special metal detec- 
tors, a portable darkroom and 
a team of top American 
climbers and Sherpas, Mr 
Tom Holzel, of Concord, 
plans to scour the 29,028ft 
mountain for the cameras he 
believes George Leigh Mallory 
and Andrew Comyn Irvine 
carried. 

He believes the cameras 
could solve the mystery of 
whether the two men. who 
disappeared on the mountain, 
reached the summit 


Fifteen years ago Mr Holzel 
predicted that Irvine's body 
would be found about 2.100ft 
below the summit. In 1979 a 
Chinese climber said he had 
seen the body of an English- 
man in tattered clothing at 
that altitude five years earlier. 
The Chinese climber died the 
next day in an avalanche. 

Mr Holzel thinks Irvine fell 
off a cliff after splitting from 
Mallory, who went on to the 
top alone. 

Mallory, aged 37. a decorat- 
ed veteran from the First 
World War, had enlisted 
Irvine, aged 22 and the weaker 
dimber. for the expedition 
because of his wizardry with 


do not understand Mr Hol- 
zel's motivation. Speaking to 
the Explorers’ Gub in New 
York earlier this year, he said: 
“I would have thought Mallo- 
ry had the .right to be left 
sleeping in peace on his 
mountain." 

Mr Jim Perrin, a British 
mountaineer, wrote in High 
magazine that Mr Holzd's 
expedition “disgusts me - and 
this is an entirely personal 
opinion - as nothing else in 
mountaineering history . . . 
ever has done". 

Mr Holzel has assembled 
nine of the best dimbers in th£ 
US for his tbree-montfi expe- 




the then-novel oxygen equip- dilion, which is due to leave 
menL Boston on August 8. . 

Sir Edmund, now New . Mr David Breashears, of 
Zealand's High Commission- Massachusetts, a veteran of 
er to India. Nepal and Bangfa- ■ two Everest climbs, wfll film 
desh. is just one of many who : ' the journey for the BBC ■ 




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-,'V : -’r. 
h . 




1 i'ijL iijuiCJ i ■JjLJi/i'i j Juli i i !>0t> 


V* » i > ■*— 


L W J 


^2J"ptfen e 
S^Tdiscri^Or 


Htffi. 


■nUam-Jt 
'.Sri Lama, ^ 
“^poyenirnem “ n ^aii 0n 
,n . human JJ^ncv^ 
SNiJ- 


Fourth journalist is 
expelled as South 
deaths mount 



ttmfcissiQn ““ 


source* . . 

*** linked ‘ d «! 
- -* ^nioriiv t. ^ fo. 

BteEa&TS 


■ ■ *■ Tiii-Q- .e i ^ FTOm M’**" 1 Honisby, Jotamnesbnrg 
• ^ The South African Govem- 
'/■ inent ordered another foreign 
■WJH leave the county 
. yesterday, and the black prcsf 


fesitjn 


was 
been de- 


Kites: ^eJ r C > 


*W*Ws 

Sgunisskm hopS’ ** Z 

ft*r racial, to ««~ 


«£"£ of the biggest multi-racial 
> trade union federation 
--.-reported to have 
• plained. 

v:jn .Pretoria, the Bureau for 
,Jnromiation announced that llM 
TfflgJ: D10rc Wac ! ts . ha< * 12. 

Jciltea in continuing civil The deiainM 
- strife, bringing to 93 the total “ - U “ 
.number of people officially 

U JT.J J n 


ning, the bureau chief of 
Newsweek magazine, on June 
23, gave Dr Buettgen, who is 
55 and has been • in South 
Afnca for four years, until 
midnight on Thursday to pack 
nis bags and be gone. 

Altogether, four foreign 
journalists have been ordered 
to leave the country since June 


“*“■ ^and' 15 - 




trade union 

official is understood to be the 

since a state of national emer- 


iminau'on f”? Wifi 'gency was declared on June 

ilATAhro-. 11110 Wlllj! . 


a ® TOl ® r observ 


Ml; 

pfeunts 




and 


inquire 


SWS^gJt 

Aquino 


into 


9m. 


takes 


“ Dr Heinrich Buettgen. the 
correspondent of the West 
tofevision network, 
ARD, was given his marching 
Hordersm a telex message from 
the Minister of Home Affairs. 
" p| Mr Sioffel Boiha, yesterday 
morning. 

“'"■The message, identical to 
one sent to Mr Richard Man- 


f 2 X? r bank 

fateatnmk inThlfe 

gssrawjs 

^dirmSwf cka,ld ' * 

The shares 


wiaics in the ii.L, 

^onut Planters' Bank aS 


*acd on suspicion that tw 

W controlled bvihcfJS 

Presideni. Mr Ferdinand SJJ 


C^- a* his associates, or 





Defence Minister w 
ioan Ponce Enrite. whni 
feban^s chairman, satfk 
tartT declined Presidcm 
won Aquinos i.n^,, 0 „ 8 
:«ep. the post so ihai j 
commission could w-to® 
oHegstions of mismanageotn 
«nd irregularities. 

- departure from ifc 
bank after 1 1 years 2 s cha. 
nan appeared to own s 
potentiaiiy new area of cos. 
■Ret with President iqm. 
Iteialions between the hi 
dmt and the Defence M® 
Wr. who led the military ma 
test February t!u; msia Hedc,- 
i» power, are a! road \ repra 
W be uneasy ever the 
AqttUWjS handily ofrfcs r- 
tnumst iesurger ;;. m a 
•Philippines. 

'■ las ■ bank's preside#.. ** 
thtmlp Ursua. rosisnearb 
.dfcMfccrtmcL The coimanui 
md alleged ca-l:cr '.hi; hes 
states on S.*a!i of '■!: 
Marcos 

-••r 0 Detainee honoured; hr 
-Aquino nas apwiass 
fanner detainee, who 
sentenced to death ?:• z f- 
Uiry amt. as a ze\ error o:c 
sure-owned Dewlaps." 
fift&k of the Phi'.ippires 
■ Mr Eduardo O^r-tr * 

leased from rv'iu" 

«tien Mrs has 

fttsidec!. was cc-ndemsf:? *■ 
dotlh for his alleged - w - 
tent in a senes 
ift Manib >«*s as 

J Mr01ag^r.;c:j;nrr^ 

prison sir.re »•/ 

Ibf ihe v "- 

meet wfcw 

IttVC been re 

nenrsofN 1 ^"-^. 

mem builcmp. c* * - 
Marcos admin-.^w-'r 


& 


“ Dr Heinridi Buettgen: told 
.l: to leave South Africa. 


(Cream), which claims some 
500.000 members in 34 affili- 
ated unions. It is an offence 
under the emergency regula- 
tions to give bis name. 

According to the Labour 
Monitoring Group, an inde- 
pendent body, 920 trade 
unionists were in detention as 
of last weekend, 90 per cent of 
them Cosatu members. 

Last week, Cosatu's general 
secretary, Mr Jay Naidoo, 
briefly came out of hiding to 
announce that the organ- 
ization’s central executive 
committee would hold an 
emergency session at an un- 
disclosed venue today “to 
discuss, among other issues, 
our continued operation**. 

Two other leading black 
trade union officials, Mr 
James Motiatsi and Mr Cyril 
Ramaphosa, the president and 
general secretary of the Na- 
tional Union of Mineworkers, 
are expected to arrive in 
London today to seek interna- 
tional support for their jailed 
colleagues. 

Six of the eight new deaths 
reported by the Bureau for 
Information, which is the only 
official source of “ unrest** 
news, and the only legally 


publishable source of informa- 
tion about the conduct of the 
security forces, occurred in 
Soweto, outside Johannes- 
burg. 

Two black pedestrians, the 
bureau reported, were killed 
when a gang of youths threw 
stones and petrol bombs at a 
bus taking people home from 
a rally addressed by Chief 
Gats ha Bulhelezi, the leader of 
the Zulu-dominated Inkatha 
organization, which is regard- 
ed as collaborationist by more 
radical groups. 

The clothes of the bus 
driver caught fire. The driver- 
less vehicle than ran into a 
group of pedestrians, and 
other buses piled into it from 
behind. Forty-eight of the 246 
passengers were injured, 36 of 
them needing hospital treat- 
ment, according to the bureau. 

A youth was also reported 
to have been stabbed to death 
by irate Inkatha supporters 
who had been on the buses. 

Two other black men were 
shot dead in Soweto on June 
28 by a guard outside the 
home of a town councillor 
whom they had threatened 
with knives, the bureau said. 

Another black man was 
killed in Soweto on June 29 by 
a mob of 20 people who 
stoned and knifed him. 

The other two reported 
deaths occurred in Tembisa, a 
black township on the East 
Rand, where a black man 
allegedly shot himself after a 
skirmish with the police, and a 
black constable who was badly 
burnt by unknown assailants 
on June 28 died in hospital on 
June 29. 



Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, left, and General Jaruzelski synchronize their watches at the Polish Communist Party congress. 

The Polish party congress 


Police break up the dissident fringe 


From Roger Bo yes 
Warsaw 


•i. 


Russians 
give US 
Salt puzzle 


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From Michael Binyon 
“ ’ Washington 

-• The Soviet Union is report- 
ed to have proposed that So- 
‘*viet and American officials 
-••meet in Geneva next month to 
^■discuss President Reagan’s de- 
>-'cisidn renounce the Salt 2 
--anus treaty.- Washington has 
i linot decidediyeii how; to. re- 
. T - bpond, rwith v&hajnis&aitoft 
-"officialr disagie^[ngi..on .4he 
:HproposaPs significance. ■ 
Some want to respond fev- 
'-^■ourably, but the Defence De- 
■’'•part^ent has reponedly critic- 
. zed the idea of such a meet- 
-•‘ing. It will be discussed next 
-week. • 

The Soviet proposal calls 

- .for a meeting on July 22 of the 
* Standing Consultative Com- 
*1 mission, a body of Soviet and 

■•American experts based in 
t-Geneva^.to discuss the US 

- ^position oh the Salt treaties. 

_ This is the first time the 
.* Soviet Union has asked fora 
<r. special meeting of this body, 
“-which normally meets twice a 
v o' year and is not due to hold its 
- .-rnext session : until September. 
r?Three years ago the US asked 
"for a.qiedal session of the 
■rreommission because of con- 
i^cem -oyer Soviet construction 
.-of an eariy-warning radar sys- 
tern in central Siberia which it 

- said violated the ABM treaty. 
But the Russians rejected this 

:-jequest. 

According to The New York 
r - Times, some Administration 
officials, see the Soviet move 
^ as an aiiem pt to draw atlen- 
non to the controversial US 
abandonment of Salt 2 — a 
..move found by a recent US 
^poll to. be opposed by a two-to- 
....one .majority . of ordinary 

- Americans. Others, however. 

„ :helieve the Russians may be 

’ 'seeking clarification of the 
^.'Administration's somewhat 
" '‘confused position on Salt 
■ r * : . Reports, of the Soviet oner 
^.jrame as a group of private 
.« ■^American scientists were pre- 
z^paring to leave for the Soviet 
r^-Union. where they will help 
■^monitor Soviet underground 
:: Tests.The scientists have 
waised S500,000 and have been 
^given permission by ibe.Com- 
n-mrtce Department to take US 
!-“^eismological equipment into 
the.Soviet Union. 

The White House has been 
■ 'lukewarm about this private 
• J r a initiative. The Administration 
' •wants Moscow to take up 
i’^President Reagan’s invitation 
to send Soviet Goventmeni 
- — -scientists to Nevada to work 
with US experts on verifica- 
tion procedures. 


Peres hint of more 
Shin Bet killings 


From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 
There has been more than ter, who ran chronologically 


stm> 


Art - 
irivm 
He 

Yflfltff 

pi; ? 

Mr ' 


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Genoa court 

frees German 




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protesters 

"" Genoa (Reuter) - Four 
• -West Germans who disrupted 
i‘£jbe Achille Lauro hijack trial 
■ -• xvere given three-month si^- 
i'ipwided sentences and freed 
a Genoa court. 


one occasion when prisoners 
have died in the custody of 
Shin Bet, the counter intelli- 
gence agency. Mr Shimon 
Peres, the Prime Minister, as 
good as admitted to the 
Knesset yesterday. 

• Mr Peres made his state- 
ment while ..defending his 
Government’s action in frying 


Bomb on bos 


Five passengers on an early 
morning rush-hour bus in a 
Tel Aviv suburb were slightly 
injured yesterday when a 
small bomb left under a hack 
seat exploded. Police toured 
the bus mate and arrested 70 
people for questioning without 
finding anyone responsible for 
the bomb (Ian Murray writes). 


to stop an investigation into 
the death in Shin Bet custody 
of two Palestinians two years 

ag°- . 

Answering five no-conn- 
dence motions tabled by mi- 
nority parties, the Prime 
Minister said he was perfectly 
willing for an investigation 
into his part in the affair, 
which, he claimed, ' began 
when Mr Yitzhak Zamir, the 
former attorney-general, told 
him he wanted an inquiry into 
the deaths. 

He said the decision on an 
inquiry was still to be taken by 
the Cabinet- 

As the minister responsible 
for Shin Bet, Mr Peres said be 
had tried to convince Mr 
Zamir that an inquiry would 
mean any agents put on trial 
would have to be given the 
same rights as any citizen to 
defend themselves. This in 
turn would mean producing 


through the entire affair, sug- 
gested he had nothing to do 
with any cover-up ana would 
welcome an investigation if 
the Cabinet wanted one. 

Likud members, however, 
saw this as an attempt to 
incriminate their leader, Mr 
Yitzhak Shamir, who was the 
Prime Minister mid responsi- 
ble for Shin Bet at the time the 
two Palestinians died. Mr 
Shamir's; supporters accused 
Mr Peres of trying to use the 
affair to discredit their leader 
and so prevent him from 
taking over as Prime Minister 
Four of the noconfidence 
motions were from left-wing 
groups deploring the fra that 
the Government had not 
launched an investigation. 
The fifth, tabled by the ex-: 
treme right-wing Kach Party 
led by Rabbi Meir Kahane, 
congratulated Shin Bet on 
killing the two Palestinians 
and condemned the Govern- 
ment for having accepted the 
resignation of Mr Avraham 
Shalom, the agency’s chief 
Although Mr Shalom has 
resigned, his resignation is not 
expected to take effect for 
between three and six months, 
when he is likely to be offered 
a job inside the Prime 
Minister’s office. 


evidence to show that killing 


prisoners was not unheard i 
“This kind of thing has hap- 
pened before,” Mr Peres said. 
The Labour Prime Minis- 



Mr Shimon Peres: dolled 
involvement in cover-up. 


Chernobyl land rescue 


Moscow - As the struggle to 
decontaminate land around 
Chernobyl continues, Tass re- 
ported yesterday that Soviet 
scientists are now considering 
chemical treatment of the land 
(Christopher Walker writes). 

Mr D. Grodzinsky, a Ukrai- 
nian botanist involved in the 
operation, said chemicals 


could be used to keep radioac- 
tive particles out of the food 
chain. 

Western experts in Moscow 
said this is one of the main 
concerns of the Soviet team 
involved in the operation, 
which is believed to be having 
serious consequences for the 
Soviet economy. 


Like the Edinburgh Festi- 
val, Comm must Party con- 
gresses have performances on 
the political fringe. As the 
1,700 Polish delegates gath- 
ered yesterday in the extraor- 
dinary skyscraper that is 
Warsaw's Palace of Culture, 
dissidents and nonconformists 
from East and West staged 
their diversions. 

Outside the congress yester- 
day eight Western protestors, 
including the Italian Radical 
Party parliamentarian Signor 
Franco Corleoni, unfurled a 
banner with the slogan: “Re- 
lease political prisoners.** An 
open letter to General 
Wojdech Jaruzelski, the Pol- 
ish party chief, was scattered 
in the street urging, amongst 
other things, mercy for jailed 
conscientious objectors. 

The police arrived, brakes 
squealing, two minutes later. 
Six of tbe protestors lay down 
in the street before being 
arrested while two clambered 
over the crash barriers that 


surround the congress and 
were last seen running in the 
direction of the Polish Com- 
munist Party. 

The fringe does its best to 
make contact with the 
delegates. 

After a moving service on 
Sunday night to bless a marble 
slab in memory of the mur- 
dered Solidarity priest Father 
Jerzy Popieluszko, the congre- 
gation trooped, singing reli- 
gions anthems, from St 
Stanis law Kostia church. 
Suddenly leaflets rained on 
the crowd. “If you are a 
member of the party,” said the 
Robotnik (Worker) leaflet, 
“think about what you are 
getting out of it, apart that is 
from the everyday humilia- 
tions. Perhaps someone in 
your family is a Communist 
Party member. If so, ask him 
— why is he bothering?” 

Such leaflets are rather akin 
to throwing bottles from desert 
islands. The delegates are 
hermetically sealed from the 
world, not so ranch by the 
security guards in the 


comandeered hotels — though 
they are indeed thick on the 
ground — as by the workload 
of the congress. The agenda 
barely allows a breathing 
space for delegates up from the 
country to explore W'arsaw’s 
night life. 

Apart from the speech by 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, yesterday, there 
were several addresses by- 
delegates and an exposition of 
Poland's economic plight by- 
Mr Zbigniew Messner, the 
Prime Minister. This largely 
echoed General Januelski’s 
call for greeter efficiency, a 
bolder attitude towards inno- 
vation and harder work. 

A remarkable opinion poll 
carried out just before the 
party congress disclosed the 
real worries of the Poles. If 
some of these problems can 
permeate the congress speech- 
es. then progress may have 
been made. 

The poll, carried out by the 
Cracow-based Press Research 
Centre, found that only one in 
five of the respondents de- 


clared their trust in tbe Com- 
munist Party. These were 
mainly party members them- 
selves, small town residents 
with primary education or 
older Poles. The largest group 
of respondents were said to 
have a “half hearted trust” in 
the party. About one in five 
were clearly oppositionist. 


The findings, on the basic 
fears and worries of Poles 
about tbe future, were as 
follows: A Canity education 
sy stem, 425 per cent; idleness, 
poor work discipline, 37.7; 
growing foreign debt, 26.9; 
alcoholism, drags, crime, 25.9; 
bad government policies, 25.7; 
poor consumer supplies, 193; 
technological backwardness, 
28.6; hostility and envy among 
people, 183; loss of Catholic 
faith, 145; ignoring citizens' 
opinions, 14.1; anonymous po- 
litical decision malting, 12. 


The survey, based on a 
representative sampling of 
1500 Poles, has some inter- 
esting parallels with anxieties 
in the West 


Syria may 
move into 
battle zone 


From Juan Carlos Gtunudo 
Beirut 


Syria yesterday appeared to 
be ready to send troops into 
five villages in northern Leba- 
non 10 stop a new round of 
fighting between an allied left- 
wing militia and pro-Iranian 
Muslims. 

Radio reports said that 
armoured Syrian units stood 
ready to move into Sir ed 
Danie and four other hamlets 
about 10 miles east of Tripoli, 
at the request of their 
inhabitants. 

Fighting broke out in the 
area after four militiamen of 
the Damascus-backed Syrian 
Social Nationalist Parly died 
in an ambush at the weekend 
The SSNP blamed Sunni 
Muslim fundamentalists for 
the ambush. 

If the Army moves in, it will 
be its second intervention to 
defuse tensions between Syri- 
an-backed leftists and radical 
Muslims, which reflect grow- 
ing rivalry between Syria and 
Iran in Lebanon despite the 
alliance of Damascus and 
Tehran in the Gulf war. 

Two weeks ago Syrian 
troops entered the town of 
Mashgara. in southern Leba- 
non, to disengage SSNP mili- 
tiamen and Shia Muslim 
fighters of the pro-Iranian 
Hezbollah, or Party of God, 
after four days of battles in 
which 23 people died. 

In Beirut, the Prime Minis- 
ter, Mr Rashid KararnL a 
Sunni Muslim, again called 
for the resignation of Presi- 
dent Amin GemayeL a Maro- 
nite Christian. 

Mr Gemayel has repeatedly 
said he has no intentions of 
stepping down before his term 
of office ends in 198S. 

• DAMASCUS: President 
Assad of Syria yesterday told a 
visiting US congressman. Mr 
Robert Doman, that Syria 
would “continue to exert 
efforts” to help free five 
American, hostages being held 
in Lebanon (AP reports). 


Supreme Court blow to gays 


From Michael Binyon, Washington 


In a significant setback to 
homosexual rights groups, the 
US Supreme Court yesterday 
upheld a Georgia law which 
makes sodomy a crime, ruling 
that consenting adults have no 
constitutional right to private 
homosexual conduct 

The five-to-four decision 
was acknowledged to be a 
“devastating defeat” by gay 
rights activists, but one New 
York-based organization in- 
sisted that the fight to decrimi- 
nalize sodomy in numerous 
US states would continue. 

The ruling will in fact have a 
much wider application, for ii 
also upholds the right of states 


to regulate private sexual be- The court which has ex- 
haviour between men and tended this right to issues 
women. The Georgia law is concerning marriage, child- 
broadly written, defining sod- bearing and education, ro- 
omy as “any sexual act involv- fused to extend it to homo- 
ing the sex organs of one sexual activity, 
person and the mouth or anus 


of another". It does not speci- 
fy the rex of those involved. 

The care was begun by a 
Georgia homosexual arrested 
when an Atlanta policeman 
called at his house to deliver a 
parking ticket and found him 
with another man. The state 
prosecutor dropped the case, 
but the man insisted on 
pursuing it to establish the 
constitutional right to privacy. 


Reagan raps ‘coddling’ 


From Our Own Correspondent, Washington 


President Reagan yesterday 
attacked what be called “a 
kind of liberal philosophy in 
this country which did tend Co 
coddle all kinds of criminals”. 

He made the comment in an 
interview with People maga- 
zine in response to a question 
about tbe large number of 
Americans arrested as spies 
since 1980. Asked whether 
they should be subjected to 
tougher penalties, he said he 
thought they were being given 
“tremendously heavy pen- 
alties” if convicted. “I'm not a 


lawyer, so i don't know about 
askk 


iug for the death penalty. 


Maybe the difference is be- 
tween spying in peacetime or 
during a war.” 

In response to another ques- 
tion about next weekend's 
Statue of Liberty celebrations, 
he confessed that he had never 
actually been to the statue. His 
first sight of it was when be 
returned on the Queen Mary 
from making a film in Engird 
in 1948. 

“It was an early morning 
arrival and I made sure I was 
at the rail at 4am to see the 
Lady as we came into the 
harbour. I was surprised at my 
goose-bump feelings.” 


We think it is evident that 
none of the rights announced 
in those cases bears any 
resemblance to the claimed 
constitutional right 6f homo- 
sexuals to engage in acts of 
sodomy that is asserted in this 
case.” Justice Byron White 
said for the majority. “No 
connection between family, 
marriage or procreation on the 
one hand and homosexual 
activity on the other has been 
demonstrated.” 

More than 30 states stilt 
have laws on their statute 
books that regulate sexual 
behaviour. Some, such as 
Georgia’s, virtually prescribe 
the “missionary position" as 
the only legal form of sexual 
activity between married cou- 
ples. Most laws of this kind are 
not enforced. 

However, Virginia has just 
reaffirmed a law on its books 
since the early 1800s making 
fornication and cohabitation 
misdemeanours. Persons who 
“lewdly and lasciviously” live 
together are subject to fines of 
5500 (£325) for a first offence. 
A second offence carries a 
51,000 fine. The maximum 
fine for fornication by an 
unmarried person is $100. 


Dock strike 
affects ports 
in Australia 


Sydney (Reuter) — Thou- 
sands of Australian dock- 
workers yesterday began an 
indefinite strike, the first ma- 
jor industrial conflict since a 
wages authority ruling last 
week giving only minimal pay 
increases this year. 


Employers said the action 
by the Waterside Workers 
Federation would undermine 
the efforts of the Prime Minis- 
ter, Mr Bob Hawke, to shore 
up the sagging economy. 


Bunnies bow out as clubs get bluer 


■’Wte.-iM*- 


^ * " 

* / 

Mr 


• V- 




^ . Stniwe. Gabrielle Schare nbetg 
• and Dirk Zieseniss were ar- 
rested on June 18, the day the 
trial,- began, when they e 
r^pfessed support in court tor 
•vr Jhe Palestinian cause. 

'They were found guilty 'of 
creating a disturbance 
acquitted on charges^*. 

^:W^„ S “Sn f °had 


•,'M* 




Briiioae. The 

four-year jail terms m 
“turn's n«' . — 


The last of the Playboy 
dubs, once glamorous symbols 
of hedonism and sexual free- 
dom but lately looking like 
aged and rather rid unions 
products of another era, closed 
yesterday- 

Mr Hugh Hefner, himself 
middle-aged but still sur- 
rounded by gorgeous young 
women — an earlier coronary 
attack notwithstanding ~ sam 
he should have dosed hfs 
clubs years ago. 

-At last we are freed from 
the attempt to make some- 
thing old-fashioned se«n Uke 
a contemporary symbol when 
it isnX** be observed. 

With the onset of hard porn 

films and marines in Mam 

Street America, and the 
SSd Of nude and topl^ 
tars. Playboy s gentle, but 
ooce outraaeong. P“g5g!ST.. 


From Christopher Thomas, Washington - 

has steadily become wholesome young woman in a 
revealing form-fitting 


ne*S' 
posse. 

For several years, customers 
have been drifting off to bluer 
haunts. And businessmen who 
once frequented them so freely 
began to stay away, embar- 
rassed by the protests of 
women's movements. 

Tlie last three dubs were in 
Los Angeles, New York and 
Chicago. Three others will 
continue to operate under fran- 
chise in tbe American backwa- 
ters — in Des Moines, Iowa; 
Lansing, Michigan; and Oma- 
ha, Nebraska. * 

Mr Hefner opened the first 
Playboy club on Chicago’s 
North Side In 1960, and it was 
an instant, staggering success. 
Within a year 50,000 people 
had joined, and by late. 1961 
new dobs had opened in 
Miami and New Orleans. 

The Playboy bonny,- a 


outfit. 

with a fluffy tail, and satin 
ears, became a -fantasy for 
millions of - American men. 

More than 25,000 women 
have squeezed into the patent- 
ed bonny outfits. For them, the 
dabs were a place to meet 
celebrities and powerful peo- 
ple while holding down a well- 
paid job. 

“It was a family affair,” said 
Melody Capelle, who gathered 
last week with other former 
tansies for a re anion in 
Chicago. “It was fun, enter- 
taining, hard work. It was an 
experience yon could never 
forget” 

Liz Kay, a bonny at the 
Chicago dob when it first 
opened, recalled: “At the end 
of the night your feet were 
bleeding from walking on high 
heels. Your ribs would be cut 


up and bleeding sometimes 
from the costume. Your make- 
to be perfect; your 


up 


costume had to be dean. Other 
than that it was fantastic — 
one big party.” 

Playboy tried last year to 
give the greying clubs a face- 
lift. It opened tbe Empire 
Club, which it intended as a 
prototype for its Los Angeles 
and Chicago establishments, 
complete with bunnies and 
male waiters called “rabbits”. 
But it did not take off in the 
highly competitive and innova- 
tive New York dub market 

Playboy suffered a third- 
quarter operating loss last 
year of 535 million, primarily 
because of the poor perfor- 
mance of its dubs. As Mr 
Heftier said, ah era in which 
people found sophistication jn 
waitresses wearing bunny tails 
and ears has definitely ended. 


Trouble-hit Mulroney 
reshuffles Cabinet 


From John Best Ottawa 
The Canadian Prime Minis- deeply involved in selling the 


ter. Mr Brian Mulroney, car- 
ried out a big Cabinet reshuffle 
yesterday, including shifts in a 
number of leading portfolios, 
the addition of eight new 
ministers and the departure of 
six others. 

The most notable change- 
was the dropping of Mr Erik 
Nielsen. Mr Mulroney's con- 
troversial Deputy Prime Min- 
ister and Defence Minister, 
who has been at the centre of 
much recent partisan in-fight- 
ingin the House of Commons. 

Mr Don Mazankowski. un- 
til now Minister of Transport, 
will take over as Deputy 
Prime Minister, and will also 
serve as government leader in 
the Commons. 

Mr Perrin Beany, until now 
Solicitor-General, becomes 
Defence Minister. Two Other 
senior ministers involved in 
the reshuffle - which is widely 
seen as an effort to shore up 
the sagging fortunes of the 
Conservative Government as 
it approaches the end of its 
second year in office - are Mr 
John Crosbie and Miss Patri- 
cia Carney’. 

Mr Crosbie, who ran third 
in the 1983 leadership race 
won by Mr Mulroney’, vacates 
the Justice portfolio to take 
over as Minister of Transport. 
He will be succeeded as Minis- 
ter of Justice by Mr Ramon 
Hnatyshyn. unul now leader 
in the Commons. 

Miss Carney, formerly Min- 
ister of Energy, becomes Min- 
ister for International Trade. 
Jn her new position she will be 


idea of bilateral free trade 
between Canada and the US 
to a dubious public. 

Negotiations on a trade pact 
got under way recently. As 
Minister for International 
Trade, Miss Carney, regarded 
as one of the most competent 
members of the Mulroney 
Government, takes over from 
Mr James Kelleher. who has 
been appointed Solicitor- 
General. 

Another prominent minis- 
ter shuffled into a new job is 
Miss Flora MacDonald, until 
now Minister of Employment 
and Immigration, who be- 
comes Minister of Communi- 
cations. 

Since taking office on an 
unprecedented wave of popu- 
lar acclaim in September 
1984. Mr Mulroney's Govern- 
ment has known liuie but 
trouble. 

A number of ministers have 
resigned in scandal-tinged cir- 
cumstances, and Mr Mulro- 
ney has often been criticized 
for allegedly failing to show 
the leadership and statesman- 
ship required 

The departing Deputy 
Prime Minister. Mr Nielsen, a 
combative and partisan politi- 
cian of the old school, has 
infuriated the Opposition with 
his pugilistic ways . in the 
House, combined with a bent 
towards secrecy. 

A number of recent opinion 
polls have shown a striking de- 
cline in popular support for 
the Tories and a resurgence of 
support for the Liberals. 


Mugger 

stabs 


airman 


to death 


Naples (UPI) - A mugger 
slabbed Sergeant Timothy 
Carter, aged 24. of the US Air 
Force, to death -with the radio 
antenna from his car. Air 
Force officials said. 

They said the sergeant and a 
fellow serviceman were driv- 
ing near Capodichio outside 
Naples jusi before midnight 
on Sunday, when two youths 
in another car forced them to 
the side of the road. 

One of the youths tried to 
rip a gold chain from Carter's 
neck and the sergeant fought 
back, breaking off his car 
antenna to defend himself 
The attacker grabbed the 
antenna and stabbed Carter 
repeatedly in the heart 


Party over for 
Mafia boss 


Naples (AFP) — An alleged 
Mafia boss. Pietro Vemengo, 
believed to control more than 
half of the illegal heroin traffic 
from Sicily to the - United 
States, was arrested at his 
birthday parly aboard a luxury 
yacht near here on Sunday. 

Police said Vemengo. aged 
43. was wanted in connection 
with 14 Mafia murders, in- 
cluding that of the Palermo 
prefect. Genera] Carlo Alberto 
de la Chiesa in 19S2. 


Youth council 


New York (UPI) — The 
Carnegie Corporation, saying 
troubled teenagers are receiv- 
ing inadequate attention, is 
creating a national council 
with a $500,000 (£300.000) 
budget to deal with the “casu- 
alties of adolescence” with the 
aim of “stirring the nation to 
improve its treatment of this 


age group . 


Eskimos meet 


Nuuk. Greenland (AFP) — 
Five Soviet Eskimo singers 
and dancers from the Bering 
Strait village of Uelen will go 
to Kotzebue. Alaska, next 
month for the Inuil Organ- 
ization's tri-annual Circumpo- 
lar Conference, the first time 
the Soviet Eskimos, or Inuits. 
have been given permission to 
attend. 


US paper sold 


Chicago (AP) - The Chica- 


go Sun-Times, America’s elev- 
enth-largesl daily newspaper, 
has been sold by Mr Rupert 
Murdoch’s News America 
Publishing Co to the publisher 
Mr Robert E Page and a 
group of investors for $145 
million (£94 million). 


Spy suspect 


Bonn (Reuter) — A West 
German engineer working for 
a leading company has been 
arrested on suspicion of spy- 
ing for the Soviet bloc, the 
federal prosecutor’s office 
said. 


Health risk 


Boston (AP) — Cuba has 
told the family of a man who 
died of Aids in Boston that his 
body cannot be returned to his 
.native land for burial because 
it would pose a public health 
risk, his mother. Seflora 
Estrella Hechevarria, said. 


Body found 


The body of an American 
airman whose plane was shot 
down during US raids on 
Libya Iasi April has washed 
ashore at Bin Girdan. in 
Tunisia, the Libyan news 
agency Jana reported. 


Bus tragedy 


Dhaka — Fifteen people 
were drowned and nine are 
missing after a passenger bus 
fell into the River Meghna in 
central Bangladesh after hit- 
ting a cattle truck. 


Poles apart 


Munich (AFP) — A total of 
23 Poles on a guided tour of 
southern Germany have de- 
cided not to return home and 
to remain instead in Bavaria. 


Quick return 


Helsinki (AFP) - A Soviet 
deserter who disappeared with 
another soldier from his garri- 
son near the Finnish border 1 1 
days ago has been sent back to 
the Soviet Union after report- 
ing to the Soviet Embassy. 


Saudi subs? 


Rotterdam (AP) - Saudi 
Arabia is considering buying 
six conventionally-powered 
Dutch submarines, which 
would be the first in its navy, a 
Dutch shipbuilder said. 


Island friends 


Port Vila (Reuter) - 
Vanuatu has become the first 
South Pacific island nation to 
establish diplomatic relations 
with the Soviet Union. 


Rice mouthful 


Tokyo (AP) — A Japanese 
research institute has devel- 
oped a new type of rice with 
grains the size of peantite, each 
weighing 60-70 milligrams 
compared with the noinaai20- 
milligrams, ’ 


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50 years on,we still take 
pride in our appearance. 

People have fond memories of the 
smartly-dressed ‘Nippy 5 of pre-war Britain. 

She and the food she served were a 
huge success. 

During the thirties Lyons Teashops 
and Comer Houses were so popular Lyons 
grew to be Britain’s biggest caterer. 

Today J. Lyons continues to prosper 
serving tea and coffee to the nation. 

We now run a vast range of rest- 
aurants. As well as catering at leisure, 
sporting and other events throughout 
the country. 

But times arid tastes change. 

Some .people now prefer a milkshake 

to the traditional cuppa. 

A fancy cocktail to a pint of Best. 
Enchiladas to egg and chips. 

Or spare-ribs to bangers and mash. 
Which is why, in 1984, we opened 
Calendars, the first cafe-bar-restaurant 
of its type in Western Europe. 

It’s been such a big hit it’s broken all 
turnover and profit targets. 

And how are we celebrating? 

By investing a further £45 million 
building at least 24 new Calendars around 
the country. 

We can afford it Our pre-tax profits 
le by 23% last year to £269.5 million. 
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10 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 


SPECTRUM 


In the United States, as in Britain, pressure is growing for more awareness of the plight of schizophrenics, highlighted in the recent Times campaign 

The inner terrorist, the invented life 



The 

forgotten 

illness 


Last night 100 influential people 
met in the presence of The 
Prince of Wales to be told about 
plans for a major new appeal, 
SANE — Schizophrenia: A Na- 
tional Emergency. The Schizo- 
phrenia Appeal, with Sir Ralph 
Hal pern as chairman and lady 
Try on vice-chairman, came 
about because of the extraor- 
dinary response to articles pub- 
lished in The Times seven 
months ago. They showed that 
schizophrenia, the “forgotten 
disease”, affected 1 per cent of 


the population — 17 million people worldwide — and 
that the failure to care for these sick people had be- 
come the international scandal of the 1980s. One of 
those people is John Hinckley, who five years ago shot 
and wounded President Reagan. Last week Marjorie 
Wallace, who won the tide of Campaigning Jonnuriist 
of the Year for her articles, talked to his parents about 
the shock of discovering their son's hidden fantasies, 
.and about their campaign to help the mentally ill 


On March ^30, 1981 the tele-' 
phone rang in the Hinckleys’ 
mountain home in Evergreen. 
Colorado, not far from Den- 
ver. Jack Hinckley, a caring 
Christian, was at the office 
preparing for a trip to help the 
poor in Guatemala. His wife 
answered the phone. “Mrs 
Hinckley", said a voice, “this 
is The Washington Post. Do 
you know that your son John 
has been identified as the man 
who shot the President?" 

That baJd statement trans- 
formed the Hinckley s’ lives. 
Jack was a successful business- 
man with his own oil explora- 
tion company. His wife, Jo 
Ann. bad made a pleasant 
home. There were friendly 
neighbours, a local church and 
a good golf course. Their three 
children had grown up. Scott, 
the eldest was working in his 
father's company. Diane was 


His father 
thought John 
needed a kick 
in the pants 


married. Only their younger 
son. John, gave them any 
cause for concern. 

John was a gentle, aimless 
fellow who in the seven years 
since he had left school had 
been unable to complete any 
college course or hold down 
even the most menial job. He 
was a shy young man who, 
even in his 20s was approach- 
ing 15 stones. 


The disappointing pattern 
of his life continued, with Jack 
and Jo Ann alternately nag- 
ging and consoling him. They 
would receive calk from cities 
all over America, saying his 
money had run out, he bad 
nowhere to live, and needed to 
be rescued. He would describe 
in great detail his relationship 
with his girl friend Lynn 
Coliins. an actress in Los 
Angeles. 

“We tried everything”, says 
Jack. “I thought Jo Ann was 
too tender. Maybe I was too 
tough. I would say ‘all he 
needs is a good kick in the 
pants'." 

Anxious, but not unduly 
alarmed, they sought help 
from a psychiatrist who origi- 
nally told them John was 
spoilt and lazy and depended 
too much on his home. Three 
months before the tragedy the 
family agreed to draw up a 
plan whereby John would find 
a job by the end of February 
and his own apartment by the 
end of March. 

The psychiatrist insisted his 
calls for help should be ig- 
nored. “There I was saying to 
my son. *You’re on your 
own’ ", says Jack “while he 
was losing his battle against 
the terrors of insanity. We just 
didn’t know." 

But the plan for his inde- 
pendence proved the final 
threat for the lonely young 
man. For the first three weeks 
in March, he booked himself 
into the Golden Hours, a 
cheap motel a few miles from 
his home. There he planned 
the act by which he would 
communicate with the world. 
Eight days before the shooting, 
he told Jo Ann he wanted to 



Driver. The film became his 
reality. He collected guns as 

Bickle did. He stalked political 

figures as Bickle had done. 
And he was going, to shoot 
people for the heroine. Jooic 
Foster’s, sake because mats 
what happened in the film. 

It was not until just before 
John's trial, six months after 
the investigation began, that 
Jack and Jo Ann learned he 
was probably suffering from 
schizophrenia. “Like every- 


name’s already mud. You’ve 
nothing more to lose.' ft wasa 
bitter pill, but it made me 
think.” 

The Hinckleys received 
thousands of supportive let, 
ters from others with mental 
illness in their families. They 
decided to write a book. 
Breaking Points (published by 
Berkley Books in May) to help 
remove the cruel stigma of 
mental illness. Then they went 


one else, we thought schizo- 
ike Jel 


An American nightmare, a universal concern: John Hinckley (above) whose attempt to loll President Reagan (right) shook 
the world and stunned Hinckley's parents (top) who “just didn't know” of their son's losing battle against insanity 
find work in Los Angeles. She 


drove him to the airport, 
pleased that at last the “plan" 
was working. That was the last 
time she saw him free. 

The next time, he was 
brought by prison guards. 
“What do you say the first 
time you see your son after he 
has done the unthinkable", 
recalls Jack Hinckley. “Why 
did you shoot the President, 
son?" Instead, “we told him 
we loved him”, he says. 

During the next weeks Jack 
and Jo Ann went through 
hours of interrogation at the 
Jefferson Hotel in Washing- 


ton. Gradually the bizarre 
world their younger son had 
inhabited was revealed. Lynn 
Collins, the actress he had 
described so vividly, had nev- 
er existed. 

Everything was a fabrica- 
tion; the writing courses which 
he had never taken; the com- 
pany he discussed so proudly; 
the close college friends who 
had barely heard of him; the 
glittering Christmas spent 
with film stars and music 
publishers in New York. In 
reality he had spent it alone in 
an unheated room on a desert- 
ed campus, paralysed by de- 


pression and self-loathing. 
The FBI showed the 
Hinckleys a snapshot John 
had taken of himself with a 
time-release camera, holding a 
gun to his head. 

But it was the minor details 
which the bewildered parents 
found it most difficult to 
believe. His “friends’* had 
become so real to them. “Do 
you mean that time when 
Lynn went shopping while he 
ate an ice-cream cone?" they 
asked. The FBI agents shook 
their heads. 

At home there were more 
drilling surprises. Jack and Jo 


Ann opened the cases in his 
bedroom, filled they believed 
with old college possessions. 
Lying on top of a pile of 
clothes was the empty pistol 
case and the cut-out target ofa 
man, riddled with holes. And 
here were the poems, reveal- 
ing his despair. “Perhaps the 
Elephant Man would under- 
stand my dilemma . . it's all a 
matter of face-to-face commu- 
nication . . .the Elephant Man 
and I would kill for someone 
to love." 

John had also become fasci- 
nated by the character of 
Travis Bickle in the film Taxi 


phrenia was like JekyU and 
Hyde", says Jack. “Not the 
loss of self and the deep split 
with reality which we now 
realize lay behind his odd 
behaviour." 

“IF Jo Ann and 1 had known 
the early warning signs of 
menial illness, there would 
probably have been no shots 
fired. President Reagan would 
not have been shot. White 
House Press Secretary James 
Brady would not have suffered 
• permanent brain injury." 

John was found not guilty 
by reason of insanity and 
placed in the maximum secu- 
rity wing of St Elizabeth's 
Hospital, Washington DC 
one of the most old-fashioned 
asylums in the United States. 

He is now 30, and living in 
the John Havard Division, a 
relatively modern six-storey 
block, separate from the main 
buildings. He is in a ward with 
about 20 other men overlook- 
ing the hospital cemetery. As a 
privilege for good behaviour 
he is allowed to walk under 
escort in a restricted part of 
the grounds. He will stay in 
the hospital until a court 
deems him fit to release. “He 
is treated by people who 
understand his illness”, says 
Jack Hinckley. 

He is on medication and 
once a fortnight the Hinckleys 
visit him for an hour's session 
of family therapy, “ft has 
made a tremendous 
difference", says Jack. “We’ve 
been able to talk about the 
difficult things. We found it 
difficult to communicate, but 
now we have been forced to do 
so, we are very glad." 

The American public was 
shocked by the not guilty 
verdict, and the Hinckleys 
were equally shocked by the 
lack of sympathy for a sick 
man. “Two years ago Jo Aim 
and I decided to start a public 
awareness campaign. After the 
tragedy of the trial, we had to 
see some good come out of it 
'Why don't you speak for the 
mentally ill?* a lot of people 
asked us. One fellow wrote to 
me saying. ‘Hinckley, your 




LM, ISM 


Multiple Sclerosis is merciless. 

It-S a disease that can strike anybody, 
anytime. 

And thereS no cure. 

Yet 

Every penny you contribute to the 
Multiple Sclerosis Society brings the cure 
that much closer. 

It also brings some comfort to the 
many thousands who suffer the misery 
of impaired speech, loss of eyesight, in- 


continence and paralysis. 

The much -publicised events of the 
past twelve months have demonstrated 
just how generous people can be when 
they believe in a cause. 

Our cause is very important 
Please give as much as you can. 
Because the sooner we find the 
answer the sooner we can ensure that 
the lives of those nearest to you are not 
tom apart 


If charity begins 



apart. 


r 


For receipt of donation 
tick box in coupon. 


I I "SVe enclose a donation to 
| The Multiple Sclerosis S« icier ty of £ 

j name 


S ADDRESS, 


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.□ 


MULTIPLE 
SCLEROSIS 

We can only find the cure 
if we find the funds. 


n 


Mr Efficiency makes his mark 


I To The Multiple Sclern*=in Society Frcv|y*r J? Effic Road. LON DON SVt o 1YZ- Telephone Ol 7*6 62<>“ Giro Bank No. 51495 5^. 


G etting ahead is what 
counts these days — 
elbowing your way to 
the lop of the pile, becomings 
big cheese by the age of 30 and 
a top tomato at 40. Everybody 
is at it; you can tell by the 
number of books they buy. 

Business books are the su- 
preme publishing invention. 
They have an immense cap- 
live market since everybody 
wants to be more efficiently 
greedy and to "handle" people 
more effectively. 

Now ii is Winston 
Fletcher's turn, with The Sev- 
en Keys to Supereffidency. an 
/ Ching for climbers of the 
greasy pole, a Kama Sutra for 
those who think you go to bed 
to “allow your mind to mean- 
der casually over any knotty 
problems". 

Superefficiency is a classic of 
the genre — seven chapters 
with jaunty lilies like “Stop 
Procrastinating!” or “Ideas, 
Ideas" and an unending 
stream of tips running from 
not Jane-hopping when driv- 
ing to work (it causes stress) to 
smiling frequently when you 
are in the process of reducing a 
subordinate to a heap of 
paranoid jelly. 

Reading it makes you deep- 
ly suspicious of talking to 
anybody. Are they, for exam- 
ple. leaning forward in iheir 
seat in a conscious effort at 
positive body language? Is the 
man next to you in the traffic 
jam listening to Gardeners' 
Question Time or is he, as 
Fletcher suggests, playing 
some foreign language tape? 

The composer of this pro- 
foundly lampoonable stuff is. 
of course, in advertising. This 
means his Covent Garden 
office must contain its quota 
of very small, very intricate 
low-voltage light fittings and 
the walls must be dragged, 
marbled or rag-rolled to give 
the appropriate grey, dusty 
gloom. A receptionist — 
blonde — must sit alone in the 
first room like a canary down 
a coal mine. 

So far. so good. What 
should then happen is that 
Fletcher, a lean, tanned and 
somewhat string}' individual, 
should emerge carrying a glass 
of designer water and wearing 
something in silk by Armani. 
BuL correct as every other 
detail may be at the offices of 
Delaney, Fletcher, Delaney, 
the man himself is all wrong. 

He is a bald, bearded indi- 
vidual whose face, but for the 
very pronounced double chin, 
is that of an Old Testament 


The latest guide to business success comes 
from an unconventional ad-man whose 


down-beat image belies his up-beat career 


prophet. The suit is a neutral 
blue and the general air is 
oddly shambling. Mr Super- 
efficiency is, in fact an ami-' 
able, slightly bumbling chap 
who seems at first to be 
lurching, rudderless, through 
life just like the rest of us. 

He must have some secrete 
to impart though, since his 
productivity alone suggests a 



Wise words; Winston Fletcher 


speciacular efficiency. Born to 
a poor family in north London 
in 1937. he was named after 
Churchill. He grew up to 
become that almost legendary 
figure — the 1 950s scholarship 
boy. 


actually stunned in the adver- 
tising business, but a man 
leaving the top of one of the 
world's biggest agencies for a 
smalt new operation did raise 
a few eyebrows. 

“I wanted to get back to 
making ads again", he says. “1 
was tired of just running a big 
organization." 

The writing, meanwhile, 
was rattling ajong at the rate of 
50 or 60 articles a year plus 
three further books: Teach 
Yourself Advertising: Meet- 
ings, Meetings and Commer- 
cial Breaks. These made him 
hot property in publishing 
terms, since he had obviously 
mastered the knack of writing 
for the vast popular business 
market. By last year, however; 
he was growing a little weary 
of the idea. 

“I wanted to write The 
Complete Book of Sleep. But 
Sidgwick and Jackson came 
along and said they wanted 
another business book and 
suggested I might know more 
about business than sleep. So 
that's what I did." 

Fletcher acknowledges that 
the tone of Superefficiency is a 
little humourless; “Well you 
can't really be funny about 
efficiency. Everybody wants it 
and they are not really able to 


make a joke abont it It was 
easy, to be. funny writing a 
book abbot meetings, every- 
body moans about those, but 
efficiency is much more 

fundamental 71 

Even more chillingly, he 
thinks the whole efficiency 
ideal is growing in this coun- 
i “A tew years ago lots of 


try: 


British businessmen would go 
for two or ihree-bour lunches 
and come back sozzled. J 
realized that most of the 
people f nos talking to in the 
afternoons' were drunk. But 
there's much less of that now. 
I think people have realized 
we have just got to improve 
our efficiency.” 


letcher lives in London 
during the week and 
travels home to his wife 
and two children in Oxford- 
shire at the weekends, which 
he spends writing. 
Superefficiency is the product 
of 12 Oxfordshire weekends. 
On top of that he is advertis- 
ing adviser to the Social 
Democratic Party. So the 
work rale is pretty formidable 
— even more so when you 
discover he does all his writing 
using the supremely ineffi- 
cient method of longhand. 


Bryan Appleyard 



The public - 
was shocked 
by the not - 
guilty verdict . 


to Washington and founded 
the American Mental Health 
Fund. Jack sold his oil compa- 
ny to devote himself to the 
fund, which will educate the 
public and provide money for 
research. 

The fund is managed by ah 
eager young man, David 
George, who was legislative 
assistant to Senator Jeremiah - 
Denton. Hinckley, George 
and their associates succeeded 
in persuading- the Advertising 
Council, a body which mates 
advertising space available 
virtually free of charge to a 
small number of selected char- 
ities, to back the fund, which 
will get about £16 million 
worth of advertising in 22.000 
different media for the expen- 
diture of £230,000. 

“A recent Gallup poll 
showed that '57 per cent of 
Americans think mental ill- 
ness is a personal weakness", 
says George. “We want to 
change that. We want to make 
people aware that it exists, and 
make them believe it is an 
illness. We aim to raise a 
dollar for every person affect- 
ed by mental illness in Ameri- 
ca. That will make $30 million 
for research.” 

On July 17 the flood gates 
will open, and for toe first 
time the American media will 
be full of information on 
mental illness. “The US is 
today preoccupied by the fear 
of. terrorism . from abroad", 
says Jack Hinckley. “My con- 
cern is with another form of 
terrorism — the inner terror-, 
ism that each year strikes an 
estimated 1 00,000 new schizo-. 
phrenia victims.” 


©Time* Newspapers Ltd. 1S86 

The Seven Keys to 
Superefficiency by> Winston 
Fletcher is published bv 
Sidgwick & Jackson. £9.95. 


H e made it to Cam- 
bridge where he read 
philosophy, a disci- 
pline for which he still retains 
a certain awe. “For me. Witt- 
genstein is a demi-god". he 
says. This is not a common 
view among advertising 
agents. 

A first novel was rejected by 
the usual six or seven publish- 
ers. Then, after finding his 
natural home in advertising 
and becoming a director at 25. 
he achieved publication with a 
book called The Ad Makers. 

In 1974 he founded Fletch- 
er. Shelton. Delaney, which 
was taken over by Ted Bates 
in 1980. Fletcher subsequently 
became chairman of Ted 
Bales, a job he left a year ago 
to found Delaney. Fletcher, 
Delaney. “Fletcher quits Ted 
Bates for Delaney's", mur- 
mured Campaign over the' 
usual picture of three unsmil- 
ing people. Nobody is ever 


CONCISE CROSSWORD NO 990 


ACROSS 

1 Mental hospital (6) 
5 Lose colour (4) 

8 Make one (5) 

9 Baskei-ball type 
game (71 

II Make holy (8) 

13 Gambler's counter 
14) 

15 Objective ( 13} 

17 Finger plate (4) 

18 Gear throat (8) 

21 Turkish Mr(7) 

22 Prettily small (5) 

23 Not as much (4) 

24 Temperament (6) 



DOWN 

2 Descendant (S) 

3 Nonprofessionai (3) 

4 Display (| 3) 

5 Destiny (4) 

6 Greek money (7) 

SOLUTIONS TO NO 989 

4 dimmer 8 Nomen 
Menu 13 Magnanimous 17 Eadi 
dcr 23 Sur&cc 24 Texas 
DOWN: 1 Menage 2 Comma 3 Sanguine 

7 -Rueful 12 Immanent t4 Accuser”. 15 


7 Cave-in (io> 

10 Irish elffiO) 

msES 6 ”*' 4 ’ 


16 Congested breath (7) 

19 Very serious (5) ■ 

20 Burden (4) * 

22 Cricket club (3) - 


Women .-9 Offence - lttGrtiirity ; ' 

18 Creation 21 Insulin; 22 ^ 



i* . 

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Info 6 Mantcau 
Snorts 19 Index 20 Plea 











11 



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I nfes de la Ft ^_ 

smiles mischievously. 
“People think that I am 
the second Coco. But I'm 
much kinder and 
sweeter” she says. The rangy, 
aristocratic Inis is the image- 
maker for the revamped house 
of Chanel and the muse for its 
creative director, Karl 
Lagerfeld. She has also caught 
the changing spirit of our 
fashion times and expresses it 
in her modelling: indepen- 
dent, coquettish, droll and 
essentially European. After a 
decade of shitting fashion 
power. Inis de- la Fressange 
symbolizes the renaissance of 
French style. She carries that 
burden lightly. ; 


the sales teams and to support 
promotional efforts. 

More significant to the fash- 
ion worid is Infes’s role as 
artist's muse to Karl 
Lagerfeld. He told me quite 
simply that he would not 
design Chanel collections 
without Into.- The feeling is 
reciprocal and hands a certain 
responsibility to Infes. 

The sales graph of the 
fashion bouse and especially 
of the Coco perfume has 
responded dramatically to the 
revitalization. A new Chanel 
boutique opens in New York 
this autumn; a second Chanel 
shop opened in London's 
Sloane Street this spring, and a 
major refurbishment of the 
original London Bond Street 
1 ' J in the 



Ui d riWBtUl 5UI wviufl 

always angry and hot nearly as 
tail as me. But then, many 
people in fiance think that, to 
be chic, a: model has'to have 
her hand on her hip." ... ./ . 

. infes .de. ^Fressange is 
famous on me catwalk for 
sending up all the, traifitional 
■poses, for sauntering out m- 
soudantly, cigarette in hand, 
for screwing up her* mobile 
face at the camera, for pranc- 
ing out with her mongrel dog 
Jimmy on theendofaChanei- 
chain leash. 

“Chanel invented casual 
chic", she says. "She was just 
the opposite of all those 
uptight Parisiennes with 
poodles." Later, Chanel suits 
became identified with the 
bourgeoisie and designed for 
older women. It is the role of 
Ines de la Fressange, and her 
friend and mentor Lagerfeld, 
to outface the awesome Cha- 
nel tradition. 

“It mustn't be like a 
religion", she says. "We some- 
times have to laugh at the 
whole Coco Chanel mytholo- 
gy. I don’t think that Coco 
bereclf had so much humour. 
She had strong ideas, brave 
ideas, but she was not a 
surrealist like Schiaparelli. 
She couldn't be so frivolous. 
She had to work a lot and fight 
a lot." 

Ines de la Fressange is 
funny, witty. 28 years old and 
nearly six feet talL She is 
identified so dosely in. the 
public mind with the spint 01 
Coco Chanel that people slrout 
to her that they are wearing 
her perfume as she drives 
along; 'they congratulate her 
on her last collection; a retailer 
from Africa .arrived on the 
doorstep of the Pans Chanel 
salon demanding her atten- 
tion. The feshion houserepui- 


. afraid of 

the responsibilty", Infes says. 
"I never read a book about 
Coco. ] don't want to be afraid 
or shy of it I put a Chanel 
haute couture jacket with a 
white 4 T-5hirt and I know that. 


after a lifetime of association 
with the aristocracy, still 
sought to conceal her humble 
origins, Ines was born to high 
society and money. Her moth- 
er is an Argentinian beauty, 
her father a French marquis; 
her memories are of holidays 
in St Tropez with her grand- 
mother, when they set out 
“with 20 suitcases, a chauffeur 
and a personal maid". 

Choosing a feshion model 
in the upper-class tradition is a 
throwback to an earlier era of 
photography. Infes could be 
one of the society beauties in 
the Cecil Beaton Exhibition 
that she was rushing off to the 
Barbican to view. 

Her childhood was spent in 
a grand country house and the 
local boys’ school. It left her 
with a lifelong and Chanel-like 
passion for man-tailored 
sports clothes and for school 
uniform grey flanneL 

With Coco, too, she shares a . 
passion for England. Infes now 
bas her home base in London 
(“I like the cosiness of En- 
gland, which doesn't exist in 
France"). 


™ end of the month. Gtt 31 Stoaoe Sm*. SW 1 and 

Make-up by Teresa Feirminer using Chanel's Las Crashes. Hair by Peter Forrester at Daniel Gal.M colour salon 


H 


• •. 

. , * ,v 
’V **: 

:- i SL 


Ines on the catwalk: a certain 
allure and a sense of fan 


when the house is successful 
there is no way the company is 
going to be against it." 

Infes arrived to meet me in a 
navy jacket, white T-shirt, 
black trousers and shoes. Her 
feshion style, she says, isan 
endless search for the perfect 
navy jacket, which goes with a 
rollneck sweater in winter and 
a white cotton shirt m the 
summer. “Chanel was chic in 
a sweater and pearls , she 
says. “To be elegant you do 
not have to be uptight. And I 
suppose I do not have a social 
complex." 

Like GabrieUe "Coco" Cha- 
nel, Infes de la Fressarae was 
bom in August; like her she 
smokes elegantly (“but not for 

.« . liAima mnC miPflT 


lion. The the°picturesTyoung giris might 

edly paid pnerndhonframsm ree pinu ^ where as Cta- 


"““ISVi'ES!* 
o»f ** 


SAMPLE: 

SCOTCH GRAIN 




er career demands 
constant travel so 
she leads a peripa- 
tetic feshion life 
and her faithful 
dog has to be billeted on her 
long-time but now ex-boy- 
friend in Paris. 

“He spoils him terribly so 
that he gets too fet", she 
laughs. “It's like a divorced 
couple spoiling a child.” 

She regards Karl Lagerfeld 
not as her best friend (“you 
tell a best friend everything ) 
but as “the person I trust the 
most”. She got to know him 
well when he took her under 
his wing (and in his private 
plane) on a promotional tour. 
Now he uses her as a sounding 
board and soul mate, design- 
ing a 1940s afternoon dress to 
amuse her and asking her 
what she wants to wear. 

From their collaboration 
have come outfits that have 
shaken the most traditional 
Chanel customers: blue jeans 
jackets, hug-me-tight dresses, 
the famous quilted bags sent 
up as dangly earrings or even 
as Infes in gilt chain braces and 
a miniskirt. 

“It*s a game for him", says 
Infes. “Karl works so quickly, 
each minute there is a new 
idea, and he _ is the exact 
opposite of designers who say 
that they are suffering so much 
to produce two collections a 
year. Karl does 15." 

Their only disagreements 
are over Karrs attempts to 
improve on the perfect sim- 
plicity of a white sweater 
dress, or to use a glitter fabric 
which Ines considers vulgar. 
Her skill has been to temper 

the Teutonic side of his de- 
signing and to give back to 
Chanel the throwaway sexual 
allure of Coco’s early collec- 
tions (and earlier life). Ines de 
la Fressange has given panel 
a second coming. She laughs, 
rolls her eyes and guys up the 
Little Black Dress, when you 
tell her so. 



It’s chic 
on the 
streets 


I was too young in the 1960s to 
take note of psychedelia or 
miniskirts. My first recollec- 
tion of fashion awareness was 
a bet with my father at the age 
of 14 that I would never be 
seen in a pair of hot-pants. 

As a child, the word 
“fashion" conjured up images 
of sophisticated ladies from 
the pages of Vogue and 
Harpers and Queen, and my 
mother's tittle black dresses 
and slim tweed suits. There 
was a dear defining tine 
between grown-ups’ clothes 
and the Laura Ashley party 
dresses that the younger gen- 
eration wore if the occasion 
wiiiwi for more than a pair of 
jeans. 

Suddenly, after two decades 
of earth mothers, executive 
women and outrageous fancy 
dressing, fashion has returned 

to elegant chk.L however, witi 

not be raiding my mother's 
attic to achieve the look, for 
this 1986 nonvelle chic is 
thoroughly modern. 

Compare the gentle curvy 
lines of Dior’s 1947 “New 
Look", accessorized with flow- 
ery picture hats, to the strong 
lines of Jasper Conran's 1986 
autumn collection. Street fash- 
ions which get together the 
same look, on a shoe-string 
strap are also ranch sexier 
than the lady-like tines of 
yesteryear. 

Black patent Grace Kelly 
- handbag s, long black gloves 
and hlgSa-feeeled slingbacks 
are retro accessories to the 
elegant look. They will all be 
on sale in the high street to 
recreate the 1950s style, but 
that is not to say that I will be 
throwing away my rucksack or 
teetering on beels that I have 
never worn. It is far more 
likely that Monty Don's witty 
diamante dogs will be pinned 
to the pocket of a faded denim 
jacket and that the denim 
jacket will be worn over the 
tittle black dress. 


Rebecca Tyrrel 


Photographs by 
Nick Briggs 


John Galliano, 22-year-old 
avant-garde designer, is re- 
launching his company. Fash- 
ion entreprenenr Peder 
Bertelsen is backing the ex-St 
Martin’s student, who is de- 
signing a completely new col- 
lection winch aims to put 
Galliano's undoubted creative 
flair on a more commercial 
basis. 

FnQ financial support from 
high fashion's godfather will 
enable Galliano to stage a 
show at the next London 
fashion week in October and 
guarantee deliveries for that 
season. His new collection will 
be sold under the name 
Agnecheek, the Bertelson 
company label which also 
boasts Alistair Blair, a newly 
fledged designer favoured by 
Sarah Ferguson, and mens- 
wear designer Richard James 


who is selling his first collec- 
tion to the pnbtic this autumn. 

The other British success 
story in this group is 
Katharine Hamnett, for whom 
Bertelson opens a flagship 
retail store in the London's 
F ulham Rood this autumn. He 
has also just installed a Con- 
stant Sale Shop of marked- 
down designer dothes, on the 
model of an American discount 
store, at 56 Fulham Road, 
London SW6. 


• The High rainfall in early 
summer can be measured in 
percentages off in the sales. 
Designer fashions marked 
down 50 per cent are already 
standard so here are some 
ideas for high chic at half 
price: 


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June 26 to July 


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Nichols in 

„ have spring- 

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from Soprani and Krizia; silk 
qmnmeir occasion Outfits from 
Jan Van Vetdeo, Flora Kung 
and Nippon; sophisticated 
silky jersey cocktail dresses by 
Bruce Oldfield and some, rain- 
wear that did not sell out in the 
great monsoon. 

Liberty can offer yon 
brimfhts of reductions on royal 
wedding bars from Graham 
Smith, Philip Somerville and 
KangoL Their 50 per cart 
fashion redactions include the 
summer prints of Betty Jack- 
son and Wendy Dagworthy, as 
well as the more grown-up chic 
of Jean Moir, Sonia Rykiel 
and Yves Saint Laurent Varia- 
tion. 

Dickins and Jones (Regent 
Street, Milton Keynes and 
Richmond) are halving the 
cost of holiday dothes with 
mark-downs on citrus blights, 
sunshine whites and high 
fashion spots in their sepa- 
rates department- 



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THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 




a [<| 







Theatre of the absurd 


THEUMES 

DIARY 


Tambo 


It is . normally Britain’s lot to-, 
follow tbe ieaid of r .lhe Americans, 
but in the case of Oliver. Tambo, 
the boot is on the other foot After 
five years of clandestine meetings 
with the African National Con- 
gress. the OS State Department is 
on the brink of emulating the. 
British example and making the 
talks official Like Mrs Thatcher, 
Reagan's advisers see the possible, 
advantages of a dialogue with the 
ANC as a temporary means of 
diverting attention from pressures 
to impose sanctions on South 
Africa. If the ANC leader goes ia> 
America, he will want full red- 
carpet treatment. Chief Buthetezi, 

the Zulu leader, was received by 
Reagan himself T on i a . trip to 
Washington not long ago,"aml„ 
Tambo is' unlikely to settle for 
anything less.. 


Swansong 


The Victoria and Albert museum 
has received such stinking pub- 
licity of late over admission' 
charges, floods and the like that 
one might expect it to leap at the 
chance of vaunting an achieve- 
ment. But so far it has made no 
public announcement of its recent 
English Heritage award for the 
best museum publisher. Could it 
be that the museum is ernbar-1 
rassed over its sacking a few weeks 
ago of publications officer Nicky 
Bird '-.the man responsible for 
winning the award — for over- 
running his budget? Bird tells me 
“It's a pity the award didn't come 
quite in time' to save me from the 
tumbrils.” 


Lambeth baulk 


Fewareas of London suffer a more 
pressing housing problem than 
Lambeth, yet the post Of borough- 
housing director is in limbo. Three 
weeks ago the then incumbent, Ed 
Atkin, was ordered 0111 % the new 
council leader, 'lihda . Bellos. 
Atkin. American husband of for- 
mer councillor Sharon Atkin, 
decided not to go quietly, and 
summoned the local government 
union Nalgo U)‘hit-aid."He is at 
home on indefinite leave and 
appears unwilling to relinquish 
the post without ..a substantial 
early retirement handout. 


Bullish 


A royal row in the London 
Borough of Newham over a 
decision by a number of Labour 
councillors to boycott all firnc-. 
lions duringa forthcoming visit by ■ 
the Queen. John Bull a local 
royalist and former Royal Navy 
seaman, tells me he is so outraged 
that he is organizing an assembly 
and march on the day of the visit 
by 300 ex-servicemen and women. 
With such a name, 1 suppose he 
could hardly have done otherwise. 
To judge from correspondence in 
the local press, further dev- 
elopments can be expected. 


BARRY FANTONI 



‘Heard the one about the Irish couple 
who got divorced? Neither have r 


Off course 

Passengers thinking of boarding 
the luxury cruise liner, the Astor, 
when it makes its maiden voyage 
from Southampton next year 
might be interested to know who 
owns it: the South African Marine 
Corporation. Tbe 21.000-ton ves- 
sel, built in West Germany, was 
commissioned by Safinarine for 
cruises between Europe and Cape 
Town. But the political climate 
being what it is, and the ailing 
economy making it difficult for 
South Africans 10 travel the plan 
began to look unattractive and the 
ship was finally chartered to’ 
Morgan Leisure ..of Colchester, 1 
which created Astor Cruises to do 
the marketing For £4,730 the first 
cruise will take you to the Carib- 
bean, up the Amazon, across to 
West Africa and into the Medi- 
terranean. Aster's general man- 
ager, Len Wilton, says Tm not 
worried about a boycott. This 
company is British and the ship ■ 
will be manned by British officers 
and hotel staff from Mauritius.” 


Cottoning on 


My story about colloquial* re- 
interpretations of the diplomatic 
acronyms CMG. K.CMG and 
GCMG has prompted a reminis- 
cence of colonial days in Africa 
from a reader in Somerset When 
the late Geoffrey Colby CMG 
arrived in Nyasaland in 1948 as 
governor, local wits rendered his 
postnominals as meaning either 
“Call Me Geoff”, because of his 


congenial manner,- .or “Cotton, 
Maize, Groundnuts”, from, his 


interest in crop-marketing mat- 
ters. Their ingenuity ran out, 
however, when he advanced to 
KCMQ the following year. • 


PHS 


Sir Peter Hall and Trevor Nunn 
have dominated British theatre for 
■ the past decade. They have led our 
two national companies into their 
long awaited homes on the South 
Bank and at the Barbican and 
from there they have ruled over 
the subsidized theatrical network 
in a manner --which ■ has been 
; despotic, arrogant- and inter- 
nationally successful - 

Their joint reign, however, has 
been steadily undermined by the 
very freedom which they have 
been permitted both by their 
respective boards and by the Arts 
' Council.' The rationale for -this 
freedom has been simple enough: 
Nuim and Hall are highly talented 
and represent an unequalled asset 
. for the subsidized companies. Yet 
those companies' can only offer 
salaries which, by international 
standards, are low. They have thus 
been allowed to undertake work 
outside and, periodically, to bene- 
, fit from National or Royal Shake- 
speare company- productions 
which are popular enough to 
justify a transfer to the commer- 
: rial theatre. 

Resentment caused by, such 
activities was generally limited 

- since it is recognized that Nunn 

- and 'Hall are effectively indispens- 
able. But, first at the RSC and 


A mM the row over the Hall-Nunn ‘fortnnes’, 
Bryan Appleyard suggests a better 
way to run our national drama companies 


subsequently at the. National this 
resentment Iras spread and hard- 
ened in response to their increas- 
ing burden of external activities. 
In .addition there „has been the 
spectacular success "of .transfers 
from the companies. Shows like 
Guys and Dolls and Les- 
Miserables have shown that 


expensive ventures which would 
.probably . frighten off solely 
commercial producers can be 
made to work by starting them in 
the subsidized sector. But Hall's 
production of the musical Seberg 
at the National — whose only 
possible raison d’etre was a 
commercial . transfer — flopped 
miserably, leaving the company 
holding the bill for the losses. 

Ail this has led to a situation in 
which the subsidized companies 
can all too easily be used as a 
means of removing risk from 
theatrical investments. That is 
unacceptable enough. Add .the fed 
dial individuals within' those 
companies are allowed personally 
to profit from those ventures when 
they succeed, and it becomes 
outrageous. 

It would have been expecting 
too 'much of Nunn and Hall 
themselves to have announced 
that it was plainly wrong. The Arts 
Council and the theatre boards 
should have acted as soon as tbe 
extent of the problem became 
clear. All were obviously wrong- 
footed by a profound change in the 
theatrical market Where once 
there was serious theatre on the 
one hand and popular theatre, 
including musicals, on tbe other, 
there are now only, blurred bound- 
aries. The “serious” musical has 
beep discovered — worthy of sub- 


sidy yet able to draw popular 
audiences. In .addition a big 
middlebrow market with a seem- 
ingly limitless appetite for plays 
tike Amadeus has been unearthed. 

With the loss of artistic 
demarcation came a corres- 
ponding loss of managerial 
demarcation. The subsidized and 
the commercial sectors drew 
closer together and neither was 
prepared fa- the. side effects. 
Commercial producers found 
themselves competing with expen- 
sive subsidized productions of 
shows which they felt should have 
been theirs by. right. Meanwhile 
the state companies found it 
increasingly easy to cast off the 
fetters of “culture” and to de- 
scend, when the time was right, 
into the marketplace. 

Yet, in principle, there can be 
nothing wrong with a degree of co- 
operation. The old subsidized 
structure is at all points -being 
forced to adapt to partnership 
deals with private money. Natu- 
rally such arrangements cannot be 
allowed to swamp the subsidized 
companies' list of productions 
and, of course, all profits must 
flow straight back into 1 less 
commercial ventures. But once 
those conditions are satisfied, 
public-private deals make obvious 
sense. 

The present situation, however. 


Adam Michnik writes from prison to the Polish party congress 

A 4 4 ■■ ’’ dynamic. Every time you 

T T Q ft If ‘ggr ii,^ issue of the crucifix, you 

XA. I • tru*!. political context and maki 


the 

Church 
at your 


I am' your adversary, one of those 
who know from experience that 
your party is incapable of initiat- 
ing democratic reforms of its own 
accord. You, party activists, have 
so far reacted only to external 
stimuli; worse, you were never 
open to words of persuasion until 
they were drenched in blood. On 
such Occasions you did begin to 
consider changes. There is notb- 
- ing? -however. to show that you 
have changed. In spite of this, I 
write in the conviction that silence 
in the face of evfl turns a witness 
into an accomplice. There can be 
-no other reason lor writing to 
people who react to arguments by 
giving out prison sentences. 

First/ let me tell you what I shall 
not write abouL I leave aside your 
promises of democracy five years 
ago, the disastrous state of the 
economy, the growing areas of 
poverty, attacks on the quality of 
-life and on tbe social gains of 
working people, and the arrogant 
self-congratulatory declarations of 
your leaders.' I shall, not write 
about Solidarity, Ihe union of 
.minions .of members forced into 
illegality, nor about. -civic and’ 
cultural life pushed, into tinder- 
! ground existence. 

Being a prisoner of cpnscicnce,T. 
shall not appeal to ybur con- 
sciences. >Yhen under arrest, com- 
munists 'were always demanding 
■political prisoner status, but when 
in power, they feftse to grant it to' 






unceasing series of deliberately 
provoked tensions and conflicts, 
tbe aim of which is to destroy the 
adversary. 

As far as we, the citizens of the 
Prison Republic, are concerned, 
this method has at times proved 
successful You did succeed in 
engineering the mental breakdown 
of more than one prisoner. You 
managed more than once to 
murder or force someone to 
commit suicide. I am avoiding'a 
moral assessment of these acts, 
- but I concede their efficacy. 

With regard to the Church, 
however, ' such methods are 
^doomed to failure. Even -in the 
T Stalinist days, which were times of 
terror seldom equalled in Polish 
history,, the Church was not 


their adversaries. I shall spare you 1 *" d* e Church was not 

stories of .the reprisals against. Mass persecutions, 

prisoners, and .of provocations, so tna “ an “ the imprisonment 

ingenious that I often wonder ?f Cardinal Wyszynski and many 


prisoners, and .of provocations, so 
ingenious that - I often wonder 
where the perpetrators of these 
practices learned their devilish art. 
I shall also forgo complaints 
against my guards here in 
Barczewo, whose contribution so 
the party congress takes the form 
of daily examinations of ray naked 
body with a rather perverse enthu- 
siasm. I am not impartial in any of 
these matters; a victim can never 
be an objective witness. 

However, I am not a victim of 
your anti-Church policies. You 
must know that I remain outside 
the Catholic church and ' have 


bishops proved to be of no use. 
The Church survived. 


There are some among you who 
would like to try this experiment 
.once more, people, obsessionally 
and professionally devoted to 
destroying the Church. They raise 
the spectre of Catholic intol- 
erance. visions of burning stakes 
and cruel Inquisitors. This is 


nonsense. The Catholic church in 
Poland is not a disseminator of 
hate, be it denominational hate or 
any other kind. An unabashed 
non-Catholic is telling you that he 
has never suffered any injury on 
the part of men of the Church, but 
has, on the contrary, experienced a 
great deal of friendship and help. 

What is it then that the pro- 
fessional anti-clerics . are after? 
Without beating about the bush, 
they, want the restoration of 
totalitarian dictatorship in its- 
most oppressive form. They want 
the political . conflict between 
totalitarian power and society to 
be transformed into a conflict 
between the State and the Church; 
to make social and political ten- 
sions appear to be religious con- 
flicts; to finda-prexext-thai would 
enable them -to mount a police 
action-against the only indepen- 
dent institution in Poland. In this 
way they hope to delude people at 
home and abroad into thinking 
that what is at stake is not a 
struggle against totalitarianism 
but a noble fight of enlightenment 
against superstition. 

This is a dangerous game. It will 
not destroy the Church or Solidar- 
ity, but it may endow conflicts in 
Poland with a new and. dangerous 


dynamic. Every time you make an . 
issue of the crucifix, you give it a 
political context and make it into a 
symbol of opposition. In this way 
the Church comes to be seen as a 
political party in opposition. This 
is a development which Catholic 
bishops emphatically do not want. 
It is you. not they, who- create a 
situation in which every religious 
act becomes' a political declare-: 
tion, and every political declara- 
tion of the opposition acquires in 
the minds of the public a religious 
significance. Being religious is 
becoming a synonym for being in 
opposition. 

The consequences are not diffi- 
cult to foresee - the abolition of 
the distinction between the sacred 
and the profane; greater stubborn- 
ness and intolerance on both sides; 
and the disappearance of even the' 
slimmest chance for dialogue. For 
remember, the possibility of turn- 
ing the present conflict into a 
political dialogue still exists, and 
politics is a natural sphere of 
compromise. Religious conflict, 
on the other hand,, is always a 
matter of moral witness, ami here 
compromise is very dlfficulL. In 
saying this I have; the Pbli$ti 
national interest at heart, biitthere 
is in It an element of egoism as 
well 1 fear, namely, that unbridled 
intolerance will play havoc withi 
the humanistic values which are. 
dear to me. 

Common sense tells me — and 
to you it is a warning — that total 
war with the Church is bound to 
result in bloody explosions of 
popular discontent Poles are a 
long-suffering people, but there 
are limits to their patience. 
Remember that every dictatorship 
comes to an end. Recent years 
have seen the collapse of tbe 
power of the Shah in Iran, of the- 
Argentinian junta, of the despotic 
rulers of Haiti and the Philippines. 
Do not think that you can escape 
this fete. There is no exception to 
the rule. Your end will come too. 

The advent of democracy is 
inescapable, because Poles want 
democracy. What really matters is 
that these changes should come 
about peacefully, without civil 
war, without hatred and blood- 
shed. So stop your daily practical 
lessons which prove to Poles that 


the only language you understand 
is the language of violence. Stop 
demonstrating day by day yoor 
mystical belief in the argument of 
force, for this may well induce 
some people to pay you back in 
kind 

There is no hatred in what I am 
saying, only anxiety. I speak to 
you as a free man, though in 
prison. I speak the language of the : 
free, who are divested of their 
rights, h is a language you do not 
like. You call yourself the Polish 
United Workers Party. I do not ' 
know what unites you. You do not 
represent the workers. I do not 
wish to go into the question as to 
what extent you are a Polish party. 

It is a feet, however, that you rule 
Poland the land of all Poles. This 
imposes certain obligations on 
you. Please give them some 
thoughL. 

© TtoM Nmpapafs. 1988. 


never made use of a church pulpit, 
so 1 am above suspicion of being 
an interested party. Tam therefore 
in a position to tell you that your 
policy is short-sighted and dan- 
gerous — not only for Poland but 
for you as well. Its basic principle 
is a re-enactment of the practices 
of the early Stalinist years, that is, 
introducing the methods already 
applied to us political prisoners 
into civilian life. These consist of 


Adam Mkhnlk, a 40-year-old historian, 
was a founder member of the Workers’ 

. Defence Committee (KOR), which 
disbanded in September 1981, and an 
adviser to Solidarity. He was arrested, 
with two colleagnes, during a meeting in 
a private boose in February 1985 and was 
sentenced to three years’ imprisonment 
(later reduced by six months) for 


conspiring to organize a strike and being 
a leader of an illegal organization. This 
letter, smuggled out of Barczewo prison, 
was made available by the Information 
Centre for Polish Affairs in London 




Norman Podhorctz 


is hopeless. It seems that we have 
readied tbe stage where Hall and 
Nunn themselves are more im- 
portant than the companies they 
lead. If it is true that Hall has been 
allowed to nominated his succes- 
sor then little more needs to be 
said about.the absurdity of this 
state of affairs. 

For the feet is that simply being 
allowed to run one or other of our 
two national companies should,, 
within reason, be a substantial 
part of the reward for doing so. 
Ideally future appointments 
should be on short — say five- 
year - contracts and the salary 
should be significantly improved. 
This would reinstate tbe im- 
portance of the company as a 
whole as against that of one 
politically successful individual 
and it would permit gifted direc- 
tors to return to the private sector 
with plenty of their professional 
lives to spare for the making of 
their millions. Actors, after all, 1 
work roughly on that basis. . 

The best hope that such vital 
changes may be in the offing lies 
with Sir Kenneth Cork, whose 
inquiry for the Arts Council into 
tbe professional theatre in En- , 
gland is due to report in Septem- ‘ 
her. May he grasp the nettle, not 
only for the sake of the bruised 
sensibilities and unimproved bal- 
ance sheets of the subsidized 
sector but also for the restoration 
of the image of the companies as ' 
national assay s, thoroughly comm- 
itted to' the sustenance of theatri- - 
cal culture. For that, finally, is the t 
only way they will ever justify , 
their share of ihe public purse. 

© TtaM Nmrampm, 1988. 



seize 


The nomination of Antonio ScaJia 
to the US Supreme Court has been 
greeted .with a great deal of talk 
about where he . stands on a series 
of controversial political issues. 
But tbe important question to ask 
about him. Or any other' nominee 
to the Supreme Court (merit being 
stipulated), is not whether he is for 
or against abortion or school 
prayers. It is whether he is for or 
against the constitution, . 

Putting itthat way may sound 
gratuitously provocative and 
melodramatic. But the terms in 
which tbe question is usually 
framed - does be believe in ju- 
dicial activism or in judicial 
restraint? — are, for all their 
soothing sobriety, less precise and 
even ultimately misleading. 

The reason is that judicial 
activism has gone much further 
over the past lew decades than its 
name suggests. Contrary to what 
Americans have betn-taught is its 
proper business, the . Supreme 
Court has not -been interpreting 
the constitution,' not even broadly. 
Instead it has been ignoring the 
constitution and providing what 
one eminent student of these 
matters. Professor Lino Graglia of 


labelled constitutional, law. thus * 
becomes law made by unelected 
judges who do not consider them- 
selves bound by anything other 
than their own ideas about how to , 
establish “social justice, brother- * 
hobd and human dignity/. # ? 

This is not judicial accrvism; it 
is judicial usurpation. Specifically ; 
it is usurpation of a power teat, -- 
under the constitution which <00$^ 
Americans naively think they can— 
understand and by which they, , 
fondly imagine they are go verned; • 
is supposed to be exercised 


*0 


through elected representatives^ ' 
the state and federal le g is latur es. X 
There is no doubt that the t 
Supreme Court, in seizing this f 
power, has used it in the last three j 
decades to enact a .“liberal” * 
agenda. Yet a differently com- ^ 
posed court, working on the same 
theory, could just as easily enact a f 
“conservative” agenda.' Oppo - *1 
. meats of abortion, for example, a 
can appeal no less persuasi vely _,J 
than its supporters to “majestic 
generalities” about “social justice, „ 
brotherhood and human dignity” / 

If, on tbe other hand, a Supreme * 
Court judge believes that the - y 
constitution remains bothintdli- - * 
gible and relevant, and that- his job- 1 . 


the University of Texas, caUs .—his only job — istpinterpret 


“constitutional law without the 
constitution”. 

In the past, the debate between 
the two schools of thought on the 
scope of judicial review turned on 
bow to read the constitution. But 
the debate today, as Graglia 
describes it, “is not about how 
judges should read or interpret the 
text of ihe constitution, but about 
whether this is what they should in 
feci confine themselves to doing”. 

To.be sure, even Justice Wil- 
liam- Brennan, the most agpessive 
proponent of judicial activism 
now sitting on the Supreme Court, 
• pays lip service lo-the old idea of 
interpretation. But.his attack last 


and apply it, then it is his private 
kleas about abortion, or.ahy other r . 
issues not covered by the constitu- ^ 
tion, which become inetevanti . J1 
Graglia states the point shaiply: 
“An opponent of judicial activism 
meed not dahn to know the answer 
to so difficult a question of social -s 
policy as, say, the extent, if any, to - 
which . abortion should be re- 
stricted, to know that it is shame- ., 
foT in a supposedly democratic/; 
country that such a * question ^ 
should be answered for all of us bjr.o 
unelected and unaccountable gov- a 
eminent officials who have no.:ii 
special competence to do. so.”, „ ;,f 
Antonio Scalia Iras macfe-much^ 


year on the reaffirmation of -this, -the same point about theregula-^J 

■ , . .1 . .. : ,r altiut!.. tU Ml-, --L' 


idea by the Attorney General, 
Edwin Meese, reveals that lip 
service is aO that Brennan is 
willingto pay. 

Indeed, it is -no exaggeration to 
say that Brennan, along with most 
professors of constitutional -law 
(Graglia dissenting), argues that 
the constitution as written cannot 
and should not serve as the .basis 


for deciding tbe cases that come 
before the Supreme Court. 


before the Supreme Court. 

To begin with, they claim, no 
one can know what the authors of 
the constitution really, intended. 
Furthermore, even if that knowl- 
edge was available, the court 
should not bind itsdf to what 
Justice Brennan dismisses as the : 
“anachronistic views of long-gone 


tion of abortion. In the past,. be /;* 
said, such decisions would be ;> 
made 'through the democratic 
process. “Now die courts have :o 
shown themselves willingto make :& 
that decirion for us. That fe. the 
major reason some people speak 
of an imperial judiciary-" ' 

Nor is Scalia one of those 
conservatives who favour sub- ^ 
mission to the constitution only ~ 
when liberals dominate the court *? 
and become enthusiasts of judicial :il 
usurpation whenever their own 
party takes over. Conservatives, 
he has written, must decide 
whether the courts really are doing 
too much or simply have not bfien. & 
doingwhax conservatives want ’ . 


** m - 


BETWF.FN 


“anachronistic views of long-gone . Scalia has decided, against “jp- '■* 
generations” In other words, the - .dicuU intrusion info die business •/ § 
. written text of the constitution is / of tbc^Hta^ * 

simultaneously unintelligible and '.is to say; that ne has. (fecided in, ~ ^ 
irrelevant fevourofthectnislituticiiL.Thatis ” 

What then is left? According to why everyone who wishes to sav£ / 
Brennan, “majestic generalities - the system of self-government 
and ennobling pronouncements;” enshrined in the constitution — 1 % 
which embody “the aspiration to the one Justice Brennan and hi? 
social justice, brotherhood and academic supporters think is un- 
human dignity”. intelligible and . irrelevant — 

Obviously, with this as a char- should applaud Scalia's nomina- 
ter, the court is free to disregard tion to the Supreme Court 0 
the text of the constitution al- • i The author is editor of Cbm- L \ 
together. What is'stUJ deceptively mentary magazine. ■ ■ '- 


A.N. Author 


t- -.'im- 


prisons: why Britain too should privatize 


One American in every 500 is in give each guard greater powers of 
prison, a total of 430,000 in 3,500- surveillance, so fewer guards are 
■jails. To cope, in the absence, of needed, 
adequate public fundingjnore Some argue that if Corrections 
than a dozen private firms have .. 'Corporation of America charges 
been employed to build and run S21 per inmate per day. while the 
jails - at an estimated saving of stateean barely manage on $25, it 
per cent- — - must be arthe cost' of essentials. 

First, construction^tosts are --That suspicion does not seem 
lower because private industry is . borne out by the results so far.', 
not suqjecl to the cost-inflating- The use of private prisons is too 

rules which the government im- recent -.especially in respect of . 


poses on its own construction., 
projects. Time is also saved: 
instead of taking three or four 
years, as the government would 
expect private companies can pul v 
up a prison in six months. 

A prison combines enniritv . 


maximum-security prisons, for 
official evidence to be available. 
But interim material suggests that 
they offer a better service in many 
other areas than mere cost Pris- 
oners report that the food, for 


jvj. FT 5 ®?. c 9 mb| nes security example, is better. They prefer the 
‘SSLim? hotels atmosphere of the private prisons, 

and hospitals. Private firms have and the more humane treatment. 


and hospitals. Private firms have 
long experience and expertise in 
the management of all three. In 
fact one of America's laigest 
prison -operators began life as a * 
hospital company. . 


Private firms are more- con- 
cerned with efficiency. Through 
architecture and technology they 


, The authorities report a lower rate 
: of assaults on warders and fellow 
prisoners and fewer suicides. 

- Private sector jails are pioneer- 
ing new attitudes and techniques. 
- In many of ihem iheold titles are 
replaced by softer ones. Instead of 
prisoners and guards, there are 


“residents” and “supervisors". In- 
stead of guns and uniforms, there 
are company T-shirts. Ted Nissen, 
head of Behavioural Systems 
Southwest works hard to arrange 
jobs for his “residents” when they 
leave “Otherwise,” he says, “I 
may lose my contract” 

The private sector could take 
over Britain's prisons gradually, as 
it is doing in America, working its 
way up from low security deten- 
tion centres to the construction 
and management of top security 
institutions. Private sector jails 
began in the US only a few years 
ago with centres for holding illegal 
aliens and juvenile offenders. 
Then Corrections Corporation of 
America won a four-year contract 
to lease and run the medium 
security SiWerdale jail at Chatta- 
nooga. Last September it bid to 
operate the entire prison system of 
Tennessee on a 99-year contract. 

There is nothing about the 
American prison system which 
suggests- that it is easier than ours 
to run privately. Its problems of 


overcrowded, outdated and low 
quality prisons are far worse than 
ours. And in Britain, some use is 
-already made of privately-mn 
institutions for holding im- 
migrants of doubtful status, and 
pre-trial detainees. 

The recent prison officers' 
strike, and attendant disturbances 
by prisoners, has demonstrated 
the need for a radical new ap- 
proach throughout tbe prison 
network. While we could pump 
more money into the existing 
system, it would make more sense 
to invite the private sector to show 
what it can do by building and 
operating new institutions. 

There would be no question of 
society relinquishing control. 
Effective monitoring would give it 
greater control of privately-op- 
erated prisons than it could ever 
achieve in the anarchical and 
bitterly disputed public sector. i 

Madsen Pine 

The author is president of. the 
Adam Smith Institute. 


| It must be almost a year now since 
I appeared in this space, and a year 
is a long timne in publishing. 

Two things make me want to 
communicate with you again. The 
first, as before, is my recent receipt- 
of a royalty cheque- for an ill- 
starred work of fiction, which was 
paperbacked — for that is the un- 
lovely term within the trade — by 
Bills and Moon. The title, which 
you. like both my other readers, 
will have forgotten, was The Soul 
of Mrs Saxby ; and this year the 
cheque, for £7.49, represented a 
100 per cent increase on 1985. 
That is probably why you detect a 
new buoyancy in my prose style. 

The second reason for my - 
col umn izing is a stroll which I 
took last week into the verdure . 
and stucco of Bedford Square, the 
fabric of which has always struck 
me as the perfect emblem of 
literary success, ho less than a lone 
jiffy bag seems the ultimate token 
of easily attained failure. . . 

There were all the great and 
immutable houses — Chatter and 
Windbag, Sacker and Windup, 
and. of course, Heineken, the 
publisher which foils to reach the 
library shelves which other 
publishers can. 

There were the non railings 
against which f.last saw my young 
Asian novelist friend leaning in a 
posture of utter despair. He was in 
turns baying at the moon and 
crying into his hands, having just 
been thrown out of the launch 
party for bis own book, A Kind of 
Empire, for nothing more serious 
than punching the chairman in the 
mouth. This bad been the -logical 
conclusion of a conversation on 
the small matter of an advance. 
And 1 really do mean small 

Anyway, on this last visit of 
mine, I wandered through towards 
one of those streets where the 
Bedford Squares sit at parasolled 
tables and drink Pimms with 
Italian novelists called AI Fresco. 

At this point, whom should I 
spy in precisely this posture but 
C.H.A. Inman himself, lunching 
the latest in a hue of putative Italo 
CaWinos. You would not think it 
to look at him. so sleek and 
blameless'does he appear, but he is 
in the deepest of trouble. I know 
this to be the case, from another 
source, and I believe it must be the 
only time Miave intelligence in the 
publishing world which he himself 


lacks. The nub of the matter is that 
liman's house is about to be taken ■*' 
over by a concern which has as 
much interest in, and knowledge , 
of literature as l possess in the I-j 
field of oxy-acetylene welding. 
Accordingly, bis board of direo*' « 
tors, which has sought the means ^ 
of his professional demise for ' 
many a long year, has given him a 
job which, on the face of it. is r>' 
enviable viz, to travel the world ~ 
soliciting the literary endeavours ^ 
of foreign authors. ■ 'r 

To my certain knowledge, he "F 
has in the past few months flown- 
first-class to Rio. Bangkok, Bue- is 
nos Aires. Tokyo and. Athens,- -.13 
offering contracts to all and suiv % 
diy. He has as yet garnered no V. 
manuscripts, but the exerasebas 
been a balm to his insatiable ego. * 
More than that it has turned into > 
a solipsism, whereby all his * 
“commissions” serve no greater 
purpose than to enhance his sense 
of power. - “r 

Come the autumn, the com pan y 
will be awash with thrusting new 
accountants, toxic with talk about 
the bottom line: They will study ‘J s 
Irman's global track record, de- ,u 
clare him a commercial liability^ 
and that will be the end of Kim; It * 
wnll be the publishing equivalent :ni 
of a garden weed killed by a surfeit si: 
ofnutmion. .. . . 

* "“p admit that, as .1 passed/ 1 * 1 
the table where he was getting 
Quwfly stosM with Fresco; I was "*, 
touched by a pang of compassidiL ® 

11 shortlived, for k-wztf 
irman who promised me so rouck:--^ 
investment in The Soul Mrs? 
oaxoy. only to see the thing drown- 

man ocean qf critical indifference 
his come-uppance is long ovec-. ^ 




H-Vi> 




=■ _ - 


Iran’s globe-trotting : has ^ 
clearly given him a false senso ofr ^ 
linguistic prowess, for there he was 
trymg to trade fluent Italian -wfth -iO 
J-resco. The latter was desperately: ;*' 

trying to talk him into publishinga”^ 
work of fiction ahriiit inwsf m 


V-i 

■4S{ L?-,£r. 

--L " - 

£W" ; : 


ChT:.**-- 


Tuscany. **** ***-**** f 

* loitered on the corrief ft ^ V) ^ 

S.o m ? re df Inoan'sprewmioils v;; .. - 

^,? aw "him paythe bfiisrid^j; A. *- t . 


Is?" . *5? 


dismiss his 

SS!"* a ver ? English :Fregatlt.& 
sounded - remarkably- like '“Priqsss? 
tjfS ls Prerisely-the mesagptfl 

Miles Kington is-on hof^&r^^M 




•V *V h 




u;?r 





1 yiritt/i* •• ■ .' 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 



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Mv^gi REAGANS EXAMPLE 

sessrs 

ndw/ sffireed bv ^ Chancellor showed the reform is great and 

^States Senate Vfthev rJd”;^ T es ?] w S on required when he must pay more tax 
-w - cnmptWwf^n^ 55 iscklod corporation tax — an do so . 

pram SS^SJ?® J? Cir 1 ijP 0 ? ? at produced remark- In Britain, there 

Iflce&r thev will rut th***^? ■ ab y m e rev ® nn « fr° m a 52 traditional (more 

** M , rate * ^ Swee P in B Prided) tax sheltt 
^ away *"* re,ief artd invest- wealthy - such 2 
stoicta^^Lhfe^ w nient allowances, Mr Lawson forestry, film-ma 
^SS nr ’^ d has . cut ^ rate to 35 per cent . Lloyd’s - but the n 

014 ^ wd ^creased revenue to boot, reliefs, beyond pers 
^i«VrhJ?Jn!'- p ? r - il c 3 ™ 6 ^ ^ Grand ance£ stems Kn 

tsrantesrl tn Mm , Ce ^°* f J ,aUona l °f income tax re- and owner-occupk 

3ESL fhr vS^ n°?l ^ fo ? n ’ however, Mr Lawson (still to receive re 
SSd hv refused at the second fence and US). These are bu 

' ftSSko^^Li whlch ‘ ~ if i** 1 Possible - fell budgets of many i 

^SftJl?n^;S5 , c eS . S0 at the third - Having removed ordinary femilies. 

V/fr iSl^Tri! 6 ! Uf° uId *** su bsidies to new life assur- A spirit of wean 
»$evotes for Mra Thatcher. ance contracts in a rather has now grown ui 
^^"8 texes clumsy way, he came up make it harder for 
base, against the Conservative compete with low 
ittthetowest feasfole rate, with Party’s assurance that mort- tries. Stymied in 
if mimmum of allowances gage relief (estimated to cost reforming intentior 
F- and exanptKms, is femfliar to around £5 billion a year in lost emment has since 
any student of economics . It is tax) was inviolate. He was then second-best solutio 
ago common sense. The more so bamboozled by the pen- traduced new relief! 
the exemptions, the greater sions lobby (defending more pensions debacle, i 
must be the tax rate if it is to than £7 billion of income tax be moving towarc 
- same revenue. reliefs) that he conceded there shelter system ti 

-. That combination,, more- would be no changes there for States is now thank 
ove^distorts economic activ- the rest of the parliament He doning. The Busim 
Higher rates of income tax thereby missed a unique sion Scheme h 
rap i ncenti ves to earn and • opportunity, since pension followed by other c 
many taxpayers wiB [do almost funds turned out to be enjoy- to aid employment 
anything to escape through the ing unprecedented surpluses . and share options 
loopholes. High tax rates It is admittedly much harder helped. Personal ec 
encourage artificial avoidance to reform income tax on the are on the way anc 
Jiy the rich through their Reagan pattern in Britain. The encourage profit-shi 
lawyers and accountants, and British government takes a been mooted, 
filial tax evasion by the poor third more of the national Whatever the c 
through the black economy. - income than its counterparts however, the prize o 
And they breed calls for yet in the United States or Japan, too great to ignore, 
more allowances to relieve . So long as this continues, of reliefs could evei 
^special haitfships or to .favour income tax rates would have to income tax by at I 
what various lobbies belie veto remain substantial. Those who pence in the pound, 
be a socially desirable use for . lost from reform might thus Chancellor’s presen 
other people’s money. suffer significantly. It was a ting intentions, tl 

The spiral is further fed by paradoxical advantage that reduce the standar 
political expedience. It is eas- American tax system had be- income tax to 17 pei 
ier to grant an exemption to come an even more extreme Thatcher’s cherishei 
some minor interest than to prisoner, of interest groups by easing the pain 
resist all calls in the hope of than Britain’s. Approved tax provide the ideal O] 
bringing- rates down. Those shelters had multiplied to such . for such tax reform, 
interests accordingly combine an extent that the wealthy with not a substitute for i 


away stock .relief and invest- 
ment allowances, Mr Lawson 
has cut the rate to 35 per cent . 
end increased revenue to boot 

When it came to the Grand 
National of income tax re- 
form, however, Mr Lawson 
refused at the second fence and 
then — if that is possible — fell 
at the third. Having removed 
tax subsidies to new life assur- ■ 
ance contracts in a rather 
clumsy way; he came up 
against the Conservative 
Party’s assurance that mort- 
gage relief (estimated to cost 
around £5 billion a year in lost 
tax) was inviolate. He was then 
so bamboozled by the pen- 
sions lobby (defending more 
than £7 billion of income tax 
reliefs) that he conceded there 
would be no changes there for 
the rest of the parliament. He 
thereby missed a unique 
opportunity, since pension 
funds turned out to be enjoy- 
ing unprecedented surpluses . 

It is admittedly much harder 
to reform income tax on the 
Reagan pattern in Britain. The 
British government takes a 
third more of the national 
income than its counterparts 
in the United States or Japan. 
So long as this continues, 
income tax rates would have to 
remain substantial. Those who 
lost from reform might thus 
suffer significantly. It was a 
paradoxical advantage- that 
American tax system had be- 
come an even more extreme 
prisoner . of interest groups 
than Britain’s. Approved tax 
shelters had multiplied to such . 
an extent that the wealthy with 


BETWEEN THE EAST-WEST LINES 


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The domestic and alliance 
aspects of East-West relations 
tend to be neglected amid the 

4 glamour and the expectations 

5 assodared vritii iV 'SUparpqws5- 
summitiy. But ff the past two 
weeks, in the ' absence of an 
agreed timetable for the next 
summity the domestic and bloc 
pressmes&n the VS and Soviet 
leaders have come increasingly 
totheforc; 

In -his speech in Glassboro 
on June T 9, President Reagan 
unexpectedly offered a pos- 
itive response to a set of Soviet 
disarmament proposals which 
just might have speeded the 
Geneva talks on their way. 
Indeed, they might still do so, 
for Moscow indicated its 
willingness to forsake some of 

£ its mosvdearly held beliefs: on . 
numbers of strategic missiles 
and on verification proce- 
dures. . 

But deeper, domestic issues 
were also seen behind Presi- 
dent Reagan's response. The 
recent White House message 
that the US was preparing to 
abandon the — unratified — 
SALT-2 arms control treaty 
ted .aroused strong feelings on 
both sides of the Atlantic. The 
House of Representatives had 
taken exception to it; reports 
of splits between hawks and 
doves in the US administra- 
tion made one of their peren- 
nial appearances. Domestic 
and alliance pressure, so it 
seemed, had encouraged Presi- 
dent Reagan to talk about taUcs 
once more, or at least to give 
theimpression of so doing. 


Similar, pressures constrain 
the Soviet leader, but they 
-manifest themselves very dif- 
ferently. How differently Was 
: illustrated, by Mr : Gorbachov’s 
address to the Polish Party 
Congress in Warsaw yesterday. 

With no . reference to 
Glassboro, and no reference — 
however fleeting — to the 
conciliatory letter he had just 
"written to President Reagan 
about cuts in medium-range 
nuclear weapons in Europe, 
Mr Gorbachov delivered an 
. aggressively anti-American 
speech. He chided the United 
States for obstructing East- 
West disarmament efforts; he 
criticized the West Europeans 
for succumbing to US pres- 
sure, and pleaded with Nato 
for his country’s succession of 
arms control proposals to be 
taken seriously. 

It was a harsh argument and, 
in the light of Glassboro, an 
unnecessary one. But it was 
tailored to its audience and its 
time: a particular East Euro- 
pean audience (Polish Party 
officials) at a particularly tense- 
juncture of Soviet-test Euro- 
pean relations (post- 
Chemobyl). As such, it should 
not be taken too serious!}; 

Mr Gorbachov had a num- 
ber of points to make — points 
which he clearly felt had been 
ignored or misconstrued in 
recent weeks. Above all, he 
appeared to be trying to 
counter an - impression of 
weakness or capitulation be- 
fore American might Concil- 
iatory statements in 


deliberately publicized 
correspondence with the other 
superpower are one thing. The 
same statements made by the 
leager.of the Soviet Union and 
the. leader of the Warsaw Pact 
before a weaker satellite are 
quite another. 

For the Polish audience had 
to be reminded of two facts of 
life, feels which the post-war 
generation of Poles, even loyal 
members of the Communist 
Party, have periodically been 
inclined to forget: the suprem- 
acy of Soviet power and what 
the Soviet leadership would 
like to see as the essentially 
European character of the 
Soviet Union. Mr 
Gorbachov’s insistence that 
the Soviet Union was not, 
trying to split NATO by- 
dividing the West Europeans 
from the United States was 
meant as much for the Poles 
(who regard themselves as 
belonging to the mainstream 
of European culture and Rus- 
sia as the outpost of Asia), as it 
was for the Western alliance. 
The clear message was that 
alliance commitments should 
be respected on both side of 
the Eak-West divide. 

Even when these domestic 
considerations are taken into 
account, the prospects for a 
superpower summit before the 
year is out look remote. But 
they are not as remote as Mr 
Gorbachov's affected bellig- 
erence might suggest The real 
dialogue continues not in the 
conference hall, but in the 
discretion of diplomacy. 


me*? 

mer.:' 

eari**? 


*».***- „ 
*t«r a 
juijftrcU is* 


Today Britain takes over the 
presidency of the European 
Community for the third time 
in 13 years, more determined 
than ever before to make its 
own voice heard. This is just as 
wdl because yesterday’s meet- 
ing at; Luxembourg suggested 
that: it 'might need to snout 
quite loudly. 

This new confidence is more 


FLYING HIGH IN EUROPE 

5 over the vour of their rhetoric in turn to the issue later. Where 


espousing the cause of Euro- 
pean union, privately share 
many of Britain’s reservations 
and are content to let White- 
hall put the brake on — while 
loudly protesting at the lack of 
speed and progress. 

On more practical matters 
where Britain is pressing for 
swift and decisive action, the 


aufj— ift 

fWw 

iMF 


manifest in foreign affairs than on the other fooLThis 

in those at home. Britain's onc back to yesterday s 


KW*J**r. 
i'-wa* & r - ■ 

pgggg „• 

*** ' 


dose ' relationship with the 
AraS .World. now also with 

* brad, with China, (through 
Hoag Kong) and with Wash- 
ington has placed it in a strong 
position to represent European 


meeting of Transport Min- 
isters, who were committed by 
last week’s summit to move 
without delay towards reforms 
for Europe’s air transport in- 
dustry. Before them was not 


a***®*'* 


SwiheWthe world ” n , y | series of proposals from 

this summer. But a question Ae European Commissure^ 

mart bangs over how- (ar the designed to md restncti 

Government can exercise practices in the Shanng 
similar sway over its European routes and pno^nj. tat 
partners on issues which are als0 a British ^nroanve outhn- 


dcser to their hearts, ror 
ju instance. West Germany, 
9 France and Italy have strong 
trading: interests with Sou“ 
Africa, which they would tor- 
feU Wiih. reluctance. On suen 
isstes iLsuits the Europeans to 

let JfcitanL bear the credit — 


ana carry the can. f 

■ -Tfee-Luxembourg reforms o* 
might be seen 
light. Other Euro- 


rts. For in g the framework for an 

ermany, agreement. 

Far from accepting the 

?.,irifor- Commission's proposals 
>uld tor ... do no t go as fer as this 

*"£ SSS ilW Fiance 

Md West Germany «une up 

^ ^ th a -compromise" which 

. would do little more than dent 

forms of 9 0 f state 

AS meeting.^ to 


vested interests are concerned, 
the Franco-German .axis on 
which Market affairs have for 
so long spun, would seem to be 
as firmly in place as ever. 

Ironically, British Midlands 
Airways held an inaugural 
flight to Holland yesterday — 
the latest example of the 
Anglo-Dutch bilateral agree- 
ment of more than two years 
ago. This has led to more 
competitive feres and time- 
tables between the. two coun- 
tries. The lowest return fere 
between London and Amster- 
dam has been cut from £69 to 
£49 in consequence.. Similar 
bilateral agreements are being 
signed between Britain and 
West Germany, Belgium and 
Switzerland. But only Holland 
and Ireland are in support of 
Britain's campaign for all- 
round liberalization. 

Still Britain has an opportu- 
nity to pursue such objectives 
during the presidency. Success 
will not come easily, if at all 
But while it costs more to fly- 
from one part of. Europe to 
another than to cross the 
Atlantic to the United States, 
there will be little enthusiasm 
for dramatic moves to political 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


spare income need pay little or 
no lax. Hence the yield from 
reform is great and those who 
must pay more tax can usually 
do so. 

In Britain, there have been 
traditional (more or less in- 
tended) tax shelters for the 
wealthy - such as farming, 
forestry, film-making and 
Lloyd’s — but.the main cost of 
reliefs, beyond personal allow- 
ances, stems from pensions 
and owner-occupied housing 
(still to receive relief in the 
US). These are built into the 
budgets of many millions of 
ordinary families. 

A spirit of weary defeatism 
has now grown up that will 
make it harder for Britain to 
compete with low tax coun- 
tries. Stymied in its initial 
reforming intention, the Gov- 
ernment has since aimed at 
second-best solutions and in- 
troduced new reliefs. Since the 
pensions debacle, it seems to 
be moving towards the tax 
shelter system the United 
States is now thankfully aban- 
doning. The Business Expan- 
sion Scheme has been 
followed by other concessions 
to aid employment Charities 
and share options have been 
helped. Personal equity plans 
are on the way and reliefs to 
encourage profit-sharing have 
been mooted. 

Whatever the difficulties, 
however, the prize of reform is 
too great to ignore. A bonfire 
of reliefs could eventually cut 
income tax by at least eight 
pence in the pound. Given the 
Chancellor’s present tax-cut- 
ting intentions, that could 
reduce the standard rate of 
income tax to 17 per cent Mrs 
Thatcher’s cherished tax cuts, 
by easing the pain of losers, 
provide the ideal opportunity 
for such tax reform. They are 
not a substitute for it 


Drink-drive case 
raises a doubt 

From Dr P. V. Tdbemer 
Sir, Your report today (June 27) of 
the driver found guiliy of drunken 
driving as a result of the estima- 
tion of his blood alcohol level 
gives me great cause for concern. 
As a pharmacologist with a 
specialist interest in alcohol 
metabolism, I am astonished that 
a court can convert a scientific 
probability into a legal certainty. 

Blood levels of alcohol depend 
upon both the rate of absorption 
and the metabolism of alcohol. I 
would accept that alcohol metabo- 
lism within an individual is very 
consistent, but the results of 
numerous practical investigations 
over the last ten years have 
convinced me that alcohol absorp- 
tion is highly variable even under 
laboratory conditions. 

To be accurate in estimating 
blood alcohol by backtracking it is 
necessary to know precisely the 
quantities of ethanol consumed 
and the time taken for consump- 
tion. Without the compliance of 
the individual, backtracking is. at 
best, a dubious and uncertain 
exercise. 

Blood alcohol levels estimated 
from backtracking are usually 
expressed with 95 per cent con- 
fidence limits. In other words, 
there is still a one in 20 chance that 
the real value lies outside the 
figures quoted. This may be 
adequate for some scientific pur- 
poses, but if, as seems likely, the 
police intend to utilize this tech- 
nique more widely, are we to 
accept that, on average, one in 20 
convicted drivers will be inno- 
cent? 

Yours faithfully, 

P. V. TABERNER, 

University of Bristol, 

Department of Pharmacology, 

The Medical School, 

University Walk, 

Bristol Avon. 

June 27. 

Monomental choice 

From Mr D. C. Stevenson 
Sir, Mr Clive Farahar (June 26) 
writes that he is “appalled by the 
lack of choice and tastelessness** in 
the memorials that high street 
monumental masons provide. He 
is right to be appalled but mis- 
guided in his assertions that much 
of the Name lies with the mason 
and only some with the diocesan 
regulations. 

In recent years regulations have 
become petty and unfair. Incised 
letters can no longer be enamelled 
and granite memorials may not be 
polished. I must explain to my 
clients that crosses are not en- 
couraged because the regulations 
state “the supreme Christian sym- 
bol (has) been too frequently used 
in burial grounds in the past” 

Mr Farahar implies that the 
high street mason does not have 
the “experience, warmth and 
enthusiasm” of the 
artist/craftsman. He is wrong. 
Many of us do care and many of us 
employ those craftsmen. When, in 
thirty years’ time, our country 
churchyards are artistically barren 
the blame must not be laid at the 
doorstep of the high street monu- 
mental mason. 

I remain, yours sincerely, 

DAVID STEVENSON, Manager, 
Doves Funerals, 

23 Masons Hill 
Bromley, Kent. 

June. 28. 

Ordination of women 

From the Reverend DrD.MLdeS. 
Cameron 

Sir, Your contention (leading 
article, June 20) that the estab- 
lished and comprehensive charac- 
ter of the Church of England 
requires the ordination of women 
raises acutely the question of the 
identity of the Christian faith in a 
post-Christian society. 

Are the boundaries of that faith, 
as maintained by the national 
church, to be determined by the 
new self-evident assumptions of a 
secular society m which hu- 
manism has replaced Christianity 
as the de facto religion? Thai is to 
say, are the terms of the common- 
place you cited, “Anglicanism is 
the natural religion of the 
English”, reversible, such that 
whatever religion the “average 
Englishman** regards as natural is 
to be adopted by the national 
church? 

The problem is not new. in that 
the process of secularisation which 
leads the “average Englishman” of 
your leader to have even less 
contact with his national church 
than the “average Scotsman” has 
with mine is the fruit of a century 
and more of intellectual change. 

But the recurrent crises of faith 
and morals which are presently 
afflicting the Church of England 
are evidence that this long process 
of secular encroachment on Chris- 
tian feith is coming to a head. And 
for this reason the Bishop of 
London’s vision of major eccle- 
siastical realignment along 
cottservative/libera] lines is to be 
treated with the greatest serious- 
ness. 

So there is an answer to your 
charge that “to oppose the historic 
process of female emancipation 
and equality . . . would, in short, 
propel the Church of England 
towards the status of a sect” In a 
society whose natural religion is 
secular humanism it is hard to see 
how any Christian church that is 
faithful to its tradition can hope to 
avoid such a stigma. The only 
alternative is absorption in a 
religion which is less a “liberal” 
version of its self than another 
religion altt»ether. 

Yours faithfully, 

N. M. de S. CAMERON, Warden, 
Rutherford House. 

Claremont Park. 

Edinburgh. 


Positive errors in mother tongue 


From MrJ. L. M. Trim 
Sir, Your leader (June 20), 
responding to the new initiative of 
the Department of Education and 
Science to promote more effective 
and appropriate language-teac h i n g 
in our schools, concludes that “it 
is an exaggeration to argue that 
linguistic ignorance is a disaster 
for the national economy”. This 
conclusion seems to rest on the 
assumption that “the common 
tongue of the global village is 
•English”. 

Leaving aside the question 
which of the two claims is the 
more exaggerated, it is surely 
naive to assume that the wide- 
spread use of English is necessarily 
(0 our commercial advantage. It 
makes us. for instance, more 
vulnerable to the penetration of 
our home market by foreign 
exporters. 

British exporters are differently 
placed. If it were true that our 
goods were the cheapest and best 
to be found, we should be in a 
seller's market and our conti- 
nental customers would be happy 
to buy from us and to face the 
disadvantages of having to nego- 
tiate with the supplier from a 
position of linguistic weakness. 

If the choice between one 
product and another is marginal 
land market forces mil tend to see 
that it is), a substantial .advantage 
attaches to the - trading partner 
who is prepared to put the 
customer at his ease, to persuade, 
explain, reassure, and to dear 
away misunderstandings m the 
customer's own language and to 
listen to all his problems, doubts 
and queries, expressed with the 
full resources of his mother 
tongue. 

If doubts are left unexpressed 
and misunderstandings are al- 
lowed to persist the contract will 
probably remain unsigned. This is 
true not only in trade; I have 
attended too many international 
meetings held in English where the 
English have done most of the 

Cheats who prosper 

From his Honour Judge Unfriend 
Sir, Is there any major inter- 
national game other than football 
in which those who cheat are likely 
to get away with it and take so 
much pleasure in doing so? And in 
which most of the other compet- 
itors do not seem to mind very 
much and who probably regret 
they weren't able to do so them- 
selves? 

I have in mind Argentina’s first 
goal against England “scored” by 
Maradona’s band The fact that 
Maradona, whose second goal was 
so brilliant, is probably the most 
gifted footballer tn the world today 
makes the matter worse. He is now 
reported as saying that it was 
accidental. And so. perhaps, was 
his unrestrained joy. 

The World Cup is, in many 
ways, a mockery. Most of the first- 
round matches, played on a league 
basis, were not worth watching; 
the behaviour of many of the 
teams was cynical in the extreme; 
fouls frequently came every 
minute or so; many referees were 
appallingly weak and/or inconsis- 
tent. 

It seems that each of the 36 
referees came from a different 
country and the president of FIFA 
substantiates this system by saying 
that the smaller countries must be 
considered Many of the smaller 
countries cannot provide suf- 
ficient experience for their referees 
to be able to cope with foe difficult 
situations that all loo frequently 
arise in the World Cup. The 
president says that this system “is 
more democratic”. 

And what about time-wasting? 
It is apparently accepted that if 

Collecting VAT 

From Mr Richard Platten 
Sir, Your article (June 14) about 
the new regulations for the collec- 
tion of value-added tax made the 
proposed rules sound much 
gentler than they are. 

In future the one month allowed 
for submission of the return is 
effectively to be reduced as the 
returns will have to be entered 
into the Customs computer before 
they will be considered to be 
submitted A prudent taxpayer 
will have to post them about three 
weeks after the end of the quarter 
to allow for time in the post and 
entering into the computer. 

To make matters worse the 
Customs do not propose to tell 
taxpayers if their returns are late. 
A miscalculation of the time 
needed by the Post Office to 
deliver the letter will not even be 
known by the taxpayer until it has 
happened twice and the sword of 
Damocles, in the form of high 
penalties, is already hanging over 
his head 

The problem over tax does not 
usually lie in calculating the 

Open to view 

From Mr George Ball 
Sir. Crossing a bridge in a conti- 
nental capita] recently I was 
approached by a seafaring man 
who asked ifl would like to lake a 
sightseeing trip in a pleasure boat 
on the river. 

His enquiry was made in perfect 
English and when I asked now he 
knew it was my native tongue he 
said it was obvious. “It was 
written all over me,” were his 
words. 

I declined the offer and heard 
him asking other people in a 
variety of languages. 

Sir. how does one recognise the- 
various nationalities at sight? 

Yours faithfully. 

GEORGE BALL, 

The Wail House. 

Wimbome Road 

I mhwt 


talking, but have seen the others 
say very little and go away 
unconverted, to the bewilderment 
of the English, who have feh 
themselves to be so doquent, so 
intelligent, so convincing. 

When international compet- 
itiveness is given so much empha- 
sis. we should not forget that 
stable trading relations do not rest 
upon egoism, but on cooperation 
and partnership. Partnership im- 
plies reciprocity. If a Belgian and a 
Greek use English together, they 
communicate on. equal terms. If 
an Englishman imposes English 
on them, refusing to communicate 
except on his own' terms, that is 
linguistic chauvinism. 

Certainly- (hat is how it is 
perceived by many foreigners, 
who then regard it as simply one 
manifestation of a cluster of 
unattractive attitudes. Once we 
are prepared to accept the prin- 
ciple of cooperation we may' hope 
to convince pupDs that the effort 
to gain proficiency in another 
language >s indeed worth while. 
Yours faithfully, 

J.LM. TRIM, Director, 

Centre for Information on Lan- 
guage Teaching and Research, 
Regent’s College. 

Inner Circle, 

Regent's Park, NW). 

From the Head Master of Bristol 
Cathedral School 
Sir, Our new language policy (your 
leader, June 20) may be new to us, 
but viewed even in merely prag- 
matic terms it's pretty weU worn 
among our competitors. It was 
Willi Brandt, after alL who ob- 
served in effect, while still Chan- 
cellor, 

If I want to sell you something, I 
speak your language. But if you want 
to sell to me. dann ntOssen Sie 

deutseh sprechen. 

Yours faithfully. 

CHRISTOPHER MARTIN, 

Head Master, 

Bristol Cathedra] School, 

College Square, Bristol. Avon. 

you lead by one goal and there are 
about 15 minutes or so remaining 
each free lode or goal kick or ball 
placement is delayed as long as 
■possible. The time-wasting by 
Uruguay against Scotland was 
disgraceful and should not be 
allowed 

May 1 suggest that for all first- 
class and international matches a 
time keeper be employed? The 
clock should be stopped every 
second the ball is out of play, 
whether h is before a penalty, a 
free kick, a goal kick or a throw-in 
and, of course, after a man is 
tackled and be has to be treated or 
he rolls over and over and over in 
feigned agony. 

The additional cost is minimal. 
It may be necessary to reduce the 
playing time from 90 minutes to, 
say, 80 minutes. But to allow a 
team in the lead to reduce the 
remaining playing time must 
surely be wrong. 

1 played football for a well- 
known amateur side and we 
played the game in a sporting 
spirit. I accept that top-class 
football will necessarily be played 
somewhat differently, but must it 
be played in a manner where the 
rules are pushed aside as fir as 
possible and where the desire to 
win is so great that it really 
becomes a desire to win at all 
costs? 

The authorities must bring 
some sound common sense info 
. the control of the game and of the 
players. But I wonder whether the 
FIFA authorities are able to do so, 
or even concerned to do so. 

Yours etc, 

ALAN UPFRIEND, 

10 Woodside Avenue, N6. 

June 25. 

output tax due on a taxpayer’s 
own sales or services but in the 
input tax payable to suppliers and 
deductible from the output tax. To 
calculate this the taxpayer needs 
his supplier's invoices and many 
of there do not arrive until weU 
after the end of the quarter. 

The Customs authorities tell os 
to claim these in. die following 
quarter and to pay too much 
value- added lax in the meantime. 
When I told an inspector that this 
did not seem fair he told me that I 
should not expect fairness in 
taxation. 

I spend a good deal of time in 
unpaid compulsory labour, one 
definition of slavery, in calculat- 
ing this liability and I do expect 
taxation to be fair. I do expect to 
be able to calculate the liability 
properly as Parliament intended 
and I hope my fellow slaves will 
tell the Government so at the next 
election. 

Yours faithfully. 

RICHARD PLATTEN, 
PlattensLtd, 

Department Store. 

Broad Row. 

Great Yarmouth, 

Norfolk. 


Slow in coming 

From the Managing Director of 
the Fort George Hotel, Belize City 
Sir, The small quantity of catering 
equipment which I ordered whilst 
in London before Christmas has 
yet to reach these shores. 

A similar small quantity of 
catering equipment ordered from 
the United States on May 19 
arrived on May 30. 

Should these facts unduly in- 
fluence my purchasing policy for 
the remainder of the year? - 
Yours faithfully, 

A P. HUNT. 

Managing Director, 

Fort George Hotel, 

PO Box 321, 

Belize City, 

Belize, 

Central America. 

June 6. . 



JULY 1 1960 

IndeperutencefUnaishedonJune 
30, I960 when Bute countries 
acquired republican status: Congo 
(now Zaire), Ghana, which in 1957 
had changed its name from Gold 


had held since 1950 as a 
trusteeship authority. 


[CONGO 

INDEPENDENCE] 

From Our Correspondent 

LEOPOLDVILLE, June 30 

Independence day in the Congo 
was marked today by a Surprising 
speech Ity Mr. Lumumba, the new 
Prime Minister, criticising 
Belgium’s colonial record in the 
country. King Bandoum was one of 
those who Bstened to the speech in 
the P&rttament building, where 
both- Houses, foreign guests, and 
several Belgian Ministers had 
gathered few the signature of 
documents ending the 75 years of 
Belgian rule .. . 

LEOPOLDVILLE. June 30. - 
Mr. Luzmunba said in bis speech 
that while independence had been 
proclaimed in agreement with 
Belgium “no Congolese worthy of 
the name will ever be ahle to forget 
that this independence has been 
won through a struggle, an ardent 
and idealistic struggle from day to 
day in which we did not spare our 
energy or our Mood. 

FATE OF PRISONERS 

“We have experienced contempt, 
insults and blows endured morning 
and night; we knew law was never 
the same for the whites and 
blacks.” 

He said the fate of political 
prisoners was “realty worse than 
death". Who could forget “the 
h«m g m g « and shootings in which 
perished so many of our brethren?" 
he asked. “Who could forget the 
gaols into which were brutally 
flung those who had escaped the 
bullets of the soldiers who had 
become the took of colonialist 
domination?” 

After the speech some Belgian 
officials speculated that the attack 
might lead King Baudouin to cut 
shut his visit But later Mr. 
Lumumba praised the king and his 
country at an official dinner in foe 
gardens of the Palais cte la Nation, 
and said be hoped his earlier 
speech would not be 
misunderstood. 

“The Government”, he said, 
“wishes to give its solemn respect 
to the King ofthe Belgians and the 
nobte people he represents for their 
work accomplished here during the 
past 75 years, because I should not 
Kfce my feelings to be 

misinterpreted.” This was warmly 
applauded by foe Congolese leaders 

At foe signing of foe declaration 
of independence President 
Kasavubu paid tribute to King 
Baudoum’s solicitude and wisdom 
in not opposing the march of 
history. Belgium, he said, gave “an 
unprecedented example in history 
of peaceful de-colonization, leading 
our country directly, without tran- 
sition, from foreign rule to inde- 
pendence under foil national 
sovereignty” . . . 

[GHANA REPUBLIC] 

ACCRA, June 30 

At midnight tonight Ghana 
becomes a R^Hibhc and rule of the 
British Crown here ends. Today 
Parliament was prorogued for the 
last rime by a Governor General 
and on Monday Dr Kwame Nkru- 
mah, the first President of Ghana, 
will open the first session of 
Ghana’s Republican Parliament . . 


SOMALI PROCLAMATION 
MOGADISHU. July 1 (Friday). 
— The new Somali Republic was 
proclaimed today just after mid- 
night, as cannon fired, fireworks 
binst over the roof-tops, and 
crowds danced and sang in the 
befiagged streets. The proclama- 
tion followed a reception attended 
by delegates from 72 countries. The 
white-starred Republican flag was 
hoisted with military honours.— 
Reuter. 


Any questions? 

From Mr Nicholas Hadaway 
Sir, The rubric in the literature 
paper of this year's Latin A level 
read as follows: “Answer five 
questions in alL Answer at least 
two from Section A and at least 
one from Section B. Your other 
two questions may be chosen from 
any of the three sections. Answer 
at least two questions from this 
Section and not more than four. 
Choose questions on at least two 
Topics. Answer at least one odd- 
numbered question and at least 
one even-numbered question. Do 
not answer more than two ques- 
tions on any Topic.” 

Two entire lessons prior to this 
were devoted to an understanding 
of ibe rubric, but even so a 
colleague of mine (whom Oxford 
has considered astute enough to be 
offered a place to read law!) failed 
to understand all the instructions, 
and has consequently automati- 
cally lost 20 per cent of possible 
marks m the paper. 

Not even the most obscure 
Roman poet can defeat Latin A- 
level candidates so successfully. 
Yours faithfully. 

NICHOLAS HADAWAY, 

The College. 

Winchester, 

Hampshire. 

A common lot 

From the Reverend P. G. Whiling 
Sir, No confusion exists in my 
church with the use of Christian 
names as in the case in the parish 
of Curry Rive! (June 24). Here we 
are all blessed with surnames. 
Vjftiafs wrong with Mr, Mrs and 
Miss? 

Yours faithfully. Mr Editor. 

Mr WHITING, 

264 Hempstead Road, 

Watford. Hertfordshire. 



7i2> 


14 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 


LEG 


I 


CLIFFORD-TURNER 


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marvellous opportunity for an experienced property 
lawyer aged 28-35, to join as salaried partner Ideally 
with City firm experience you will be required to 
develop a strong existing client base as well as generate 
further high quality business. 

TAX ASSISTANT 

Central London To. £16,000 

Well established practice seeks two additional Assistants 
for their respected Tax department- Candidates, who 
should be either Barristers or Solicitors, will have some 
exposure to Company and Commercial work although 
previous Corporate tax experience is not essential. 
Excellent client work and promotional prospects. 


corporate advisory teams. Applicants should be 
recently admitted Solicitors in their mid to late twenties 
with experience oT ; corporate - finance related 
transactions- gained In the company/ commercial 
department of a substantial firm. 

COMMERCIAL LITIGATION 

EC2 To. £17,000 

Ibis medium sized City firm, with an expanding 
litigation department, is seeking to. augment its team of 
lawyers with a young Solicitor with up to 3 years 
experience in this field. The successful candidate can 
expect a high level of responsibility and excellent career 
prospects with this progressive practice. 


For details of these and other positions, contact John Cullen or JvdUh Formes. 


Legal and financial Recruitment Specialists 
16-18 New Bridge St, London EC4V 6AU Telephone: 01-583 0073 



Conveyancer 

London Wl 


Over the next four years, 
Marks & Spencer will invest some • 
£1,500 million on the biggest 
development and modernisation 
programme in the company's history. 
We plan the acquisition of edge-of- 
town sites and satellites of existing 
high street stores throughout the 
country. 

We now seek a Commercial 
Conveyancer to join our In-house 
Legal Department at our Baker Street 
Head Office. After a short induction 
period, the successful candidate will 
assume a newly created role, 
working closely with our Estates 

Department in property acquisitions. 
As the development programme 
gathers momentum, he/she will assist 
in the creation of a new 
Conveyancing section which will 
form apermanemfeamre of our 
Legal Department 

The level of responsibility’ die 
post wih carry is reflected in the 


package we offer which indudes a * 
very attractive salary, company car, 
non-contributory pension scheme, 
free life assurance and participation in 
profit sharing after a qualifying 
period 

The successful candidate 
musr have ar least five years 
experience of commercial 
conveyancing since qualifying and 
impressive academic achievements. 
He or she will be capable of handling 
a large volume of high quality, high 
value transactions, will have ^ 
confident, personable manner, 
excellent negotiating skills, die ability 
to work within a team and to motivate 
others. 

Please reply with details of 
your career and salary to date to 

Sally Moore, 

Management Recruitment 

Department, Maries & Spence^ 
Michael House, 57 Baker Street, 
London WlA 1 DN. Refill 


Marks & Sprnp.fr 

HEAD OFFICE- 


LITIGATION 

to £30,000 

M^rmaaidacturingco. seeks Solr/Barr 
for High Cl and County Ct. litigation. Ind. 
Tribunal espee. an advantage. 


We have been recruiting lawyers for industry, 
commerce ahd finance since 1973 and have placed 
lawyers with most major British and international 
companies. We also recruit for firms of solicirorc in 
London and throughout the country. 

AU our consultants are qualified lawyers with 
many years' experience in recruitment. ' 
74 Long Lane, London ECl Tefc 01-606 9371 

CHAMBERS 


CONVEYANCER 

OWEN WHITE, a large, progressive and 
expanding firm with 7 offices west of London. 
s f e ~,^ a admitted or unadmitted Conveyancer at 
the Feltham Office capable of handling a large 
volume of residential conveyancing assisted by 
newly installed second generation computerised 
word processing function. 

An attractive remuneration package will be 
offered including salary, quality car, running 
expenses and pension, unlikely to be worth less 
than £15,000. 

Please apply; N Barnard Esq.. Gavel House. 
90-92 High Street, Feltham, Middlesex, TW13 4ES. 

Tel: 01-890 2836 


Entertainment & 
Commercial Lawyers 
for expanding 
West End practice 

Our client is a prestigious medium sized professional firm of solicitors 
in the West End of London. Due to a rapidly increasing range and 
volume of work in an invigorating environment, three additional 
qualified staff are required. Salary indicators are given below: for the 
right people salary .is unlikely to be a limiting factor. Please write - in 
confidence - quoting appropriate reference and stating how the 
requirements are met, to DavW BennaH. ■ 

Entertainment Lawyer 

prospective partner : Up to £40,000 

The firm's entertainment business is booming and an additional 
experienced person is required. Candidates should have three or 
more years' experience in at least one of the main areas of 
entertainment work - films, TV, video, music, theatre or 
merchandising. Success in this role could lead to early equity 
partnership. (Ref A.43831) 

Assistant Solicitor 

entertainment : c£20,000 

Some previous entertainment experience Is preferable for this 
position but is not essential. Candidates will have served articles with 
a reputable City or West End practice and have gained general 
commercial experience. (Ref A. 43832) 

Solicitor/PA to Senior Partner 

c£20,000 

This is an attractive opportunity for a commercial lawyer with ayear or 
two post-qualification experience to work closely with the Senior 
Partner on business for key clients. (Ref A.43833) 

HAY-MSL Selection and Advertising Limited, 

52 Grosvenor Gardens, London SW1W CAW. 

Offices in Brope, the Americas. Australasia and Asia Pacific. 


ir- 




LEGAL 


RUSSELL-COOKE, POTTER & CHAPMAN 

LINCOLNS INN 

An opportunity to join an expanding practice offer- 
ing high quality and demanding workT~Fijlty 
competitive salaries with good prospects. 

COMPANY AND COMMERCIAL 

To deal with a varied work load for both public and 
private company clients. The ability to develop and 
extend existing areas of work is a key element in 
this challenging position, ideally the applicant will 
have had two years good commercial experience 
since qualification preferably in tie City but newly 
admitted Solicitors with relevant experience in arti- 
cles will be considered. 

COMMERCIAL PROPERTY 

To assist in this department dealing with substan- 
tial and varied work involving developers, builders 
and investors. The position would suit a recently 
qualified solicitor. 

Please write with CV to: 

Peter Dawson 

Russell-Cooke, Potter & Chapman 
11 Old Square 
Lincolns Inn 
London WC2A 3TS 


YOUNG 

PROPERTY LAWYERS 

Boodle Hatfield wish to recruit two solicitors 
to join their Property Department which 
continues to expand. 

The successful applicants will have just 
completed their Articles or have been recently 
admitted and will have had good training 
either in or out of London and have a sound 
knowledge of property law. One will be 
closely assisting a Partner dealing with a wide 
range of general and commercial property 
. transactions and the other will be a member of 
a group handling every aspect of residential 
and urban estate conveyancing. 

Both solicitors will work in a good humoured 
environment and fully competitive salaries 
will be offered to the successful applicants. 

Applications, accompanied by a full 
Curriculum Vitae, should be sent in 
confidence to:EJ P Elliott, Boodle Hatfield, 
Brookfield House, 44 Davies Street, 

London W1Y2BL. 


McKenna & Co 

COMPANY/ 

COMMERCIAL 


We are looking for Solicitors for our 
Company /Commercial Department- 
The work of the Department is varied and 
demanding. It includes public company ; 
work, stock exchange transactions including 
circulars, admissions to listing and the USM, 
private company acquisitions and disposals, 
securities issues, banking and general 
financial and corporate advice. 

You should have a good academic record, 
have beenqualified for at least twelve months 
and have gained some relevant experience. 
The position offers a challenging opportunity 
and the prospects for successful candidates 
are excellent A highly competitive salary 
and benefits are offered. 

If you would like to know more about the 
opportunities which are available in this 
Department, please apply with full 
curriculum vitae, to R. H. Malthouse. 


CORPORATE 

TAX 


We are also seeking additional tax specialists 
for our Corporate Tax Department The 
work involves advising on those areas of the 
firm's activities involving corporate aspects 
of a domestic and international nature. 
Opportunities exist for those wishing to 
progress their careers in corporate tax and 
applications are welcome from solicitors 
with between 6 months' and 4 years' tax 
experience. 

If you are interested would you please apply 
with full curriculum vitae, to B. A. R. 
Concanon. 

McKENNA & CO 
Inveresfc House, I Aldwyeh, London 
WC2RDH& — • 


Assistant 
Legal Adviser 

(Part-time) 


The British Council which is the Government-supported 
agency for cultural relations between Britain and other 
countries seeks an Assistant Legal Adviser, on a part-time 
basis, to work in the Legal Department of its London 
headquarters with two fiill-tune lawyers. 

The Council was incorporated by Royal Charter in 1940 and 
was registered as a Charity in 1963 (No. 209131). 

Applicants must be qualified lawyers (barrister, solicitor or 
Scottish advocate), with a particular interest in employment 
law and preferably with experience of working as one of a 
team or for a corporate employer. A working knowledge of at 
least one European language would be an advantage and 
there may be opportunities for occasional travel overseas. 
The Council's Legal Department deals with a large volume of 
varied work, referring to outside experts (Counsel, overseas 
lawyers and Treasury Solicitor for mqjor litigation) when 
necessary. Adaptability and the ability to deal with a large 
volume of work without supervision are therefore more 
important requisites for this job than a high degree of 
specialisation in any field other than employment law. 

Salary and conditions of service (including Pension) in the 
Council are based on those or the Civil Service: for this part- 
time post appointment will be on the Council's grade D scale 
£14,318 to £19,465 pa, plus Inner London Weighting £1365 pa. 
Longer hours of work may be required during the July- 
September holiday period and occasionally at other times, . 
with salary increased pro rata. Index-linked pension 
scheme. Retirement at 60. 

For further details and an application form to be returned 
by 1 August write or telephone quoting iyi to 
Personnel Management Department, 

The British Council, 65 Davies Street, London WLY2AA. 
Tel: 01-499 8011 ext 319L 

The British Council is an Equal Opportunities Employer 


Iff The ; 

British 
o*2' Council 




Shepherd Little & Associates Ltd 

Banking Recruitment Consultants 

LEGAL APPOINTMENT 
CAPITAL MARKETS to £25,000 



II A T V I K I, 


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.Salary two 






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THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY I 1986 



LEGAL APPOINTMENTS 


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syear 


The Gt/s revolution offers 
you rewarding career prospects 

In todays business climate, with changes underway which will heighten 
London’s position as one of the worlds major financial centres, the City offers 
exciting opportunities for young solicitors qualifying this year 

As a leading firm of solicitors, our business Has grown substantially in recent 
years, and our activities have broadened and deepened to cover many aspects of 
business and financial fife. 

Against this background we have specific vacancies for those with a good 
academic record and the energy enthusiasm anH ambition to n^ake a career 
in the law 

If you feel you have these qualities and are currently in articles, in or out of 
London, we would like to hear from you. 

We are looking for people to join our Company, litigation. Property and Private 
Client Departments. 

Acting for a wide range of clients you’ll find the work both stimulating and 
challenging; and at times you could be involved with matters that are very much 
in the public eye. 

If working in a friendly, professional environment in the City appeals to you, we 
offer you the opportunity to join afirm in which personal development is 
positively encouraged, and success is rewarded accordingly. 

As a first step write with afuD curriculum vitae to John Goble, our 
Senior Partner 


Herbert Smith 

WATUNG HOUSE, 35 CANNON STREET, LONDON EC4M 5SD. 

OVERSEAS OFRCES: NEW YORK, HONG KONG AND PARIS. 


SECURING 
YOUR FUTURE 


You will know that our property department is one of the most 
active in the City, dealing with a wide range of transactions 
involving the acquisition, development and disposal of real 
property. 

You may not know that we have formed a team of lawyers to 
work in the rapidly expanding area of property finance where 
some of the techniques of fund-raising familiar to the international 
capital market are now being introduced to domestic loan 
transactions. 

If your commercial talents and aspirations are not easily 
contained by departmental boundaries, you can secure your 
future with us by successfully combining your interests in 
banking and property law. 

If you are already (or would like to be) working in one or other 
of these areas and have the ambition and ability to succeed in 
both, telephone or write to Andrew Barrow at:- 


Travers Smith Braithwaite, 

6 Snow Hill, London EC1A 2AL 
01-2489133. 


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Assistant 

Solicitor 

Oar cfient is one of the woKid^ most 
successful electrical and electronic 
engineering companies. Its UK headquarters 
are TOast of London. An ambitious programme 
of expansion is currently taking place. 

•Rie Company Secretary’s Department 
is responsible far prcwidmg a broad range of 

legal services to the OK Group of Companies. 

An Assistant Solicitor is now required to 
iroik primarily on commercial coiweyaiicmg 
and civil litigation, with increasing involvement 
in other areas of company a n d commercial law. 

Applications are invited from solicitors 

with at least one year’s relevant post- 
. qualification experience. Our client is offering 
an attractive salary c.£14,000 and a generous 
range of benefits. ^ 

Please send a fidlCV quoting re£ 4409 _ 
to Sne ABen, Moran Dolphin & Kerby Ltd, 

178-202 Great Portland Street, 

London WIN STB. Please list any companies 
to wdiom you do not wish your application sent 

MOXON 

c/DOLPHIN 

&K^RBY 

PENSIONS LAW 

SOLICITOR City 

£ -? Biddle &Co. are looking for an additional solicitor to 
■ ^ • 10{n their busy and established team, which provides 
S ; J a comprehensive legal service for a wide range of 
■$/& substantial pension funds. 

V t The successful applicant will be able.- 
: J::£ • to give dear and practical advice in all areas of 
company, contract, employment, tax and trust 
law relating to pensions 

M • to absorb and assess the implications of a mass of 

: ia; r complex pensions legislation 

;R . t0 draft creatively and precisely, often under 
considerable pressure. 

:'-!&£ salary wiB be highly competitive and prospects for 
:p Seright candidate are excellent. 

interested, please write in confident 

i !l * Hugh Arthur z /j 

M:. Biddle & Co. 

fe X Gresham Street 

I' London EC2V7BU 

is.-; T>L 01-606 9301 



BIDDLE & c0 - 


Articled 

Qerk 

Brighton is a busy town which produces a 
wide range of legal problems for the CoundL 
The Council has the usual district authority 
functions with a highways agency and inter- 
ests in the raceground, commercial airport 
and passenger transport. It has a large prop- 
erty portfolio and is paitkulariy prominent 
in die tourism and entertainments field. AD 
fins wiD gjye an excellent start to an Articled 
Qerk searing a career in local government. 

Applications are Invited from enthusiastic 
and h ardworkin g graduates who have passed 
the Law Sodetjrs Final examinations or 
who are taking and are confi dent of pa ssin g 
t faftn this summer. The appointment will be 
from a date to be agreed and, sobjea to 
p»<ctng the final examination. wiD be for a 
period of 2*6 years with a co mm enci n g sal- 
ary of £5,301 rising to £10308 pjL upon 
qaafificatioos: 

Apptfcatum form and farther details may be 
obtained form the Boroegh Secretory, Town 
Hall, Brighton, BNJ 1 JA. If yon would, like 
to discuss the post please get in Coach with 
his Deputy, Mr. R. A. Divine, on Brighton 
(0273) 29801 Ext. 414. 

dosing date : 18tk Jaly 1986 

Borough of — 


Brighton 

Brighton is a nuclear free zone.4 




BROMLEY MAGISTRATES’ COURT 

TRAINEE 
COURT CLERK 

Salary £6J110 - £7,206 pjl 
inc London Weighting 

Applications are invited from 
young, qualified barristers or 
solicitors for this post which 
provides an excellent opportunity 
for the successful applicant to 
embark on a career in the 
Magistrates’ Court Articles can be 
offered to a suitable applicant 
National conditions of service 
apply. 

Application forms and a career 
guide may be obtained from me at 
the address below. The closing date 
for applications will be 18th July 
1986 

R. J. Haynes 
Qerk to the Justices 
The Magistrates Court, South 
Street 

Bromley, Kent BR1 1RD 
Teb 01-466 6621 


TRAVERS SMITH 
BRAITHWAITE 


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WAKE SMITH & CO. 

CTVIL AND 
COMMERCIAL 
LITIGATION 

The premature retirement erf one of our liti- 
gation partners means that we have an 
immediate vacancy for a Solicitor wishing to 
specialise in high grade civil and commercial 
litigation, including employment lawj 

Ideally, you should have relevant experience 
in this field and the appetite for a substan- 
tial workload. Newly qualified applicants 
should not be deterred, however, if they are 
prepared to learn the necessary skills on the 
job. In any event, you will need ambition 
and energy to measure up to the standards 
of the Finn and the demands of the Depart- 
ment. For our part, the salary to be paid will 
reflect the responsibility of the position, i 

Please apply to John Gaunt, Wake Smith & 
Co„ Telegraph House, Sheffield, Si 1SF. 

LEGAL ASSISTANT” 

Chief Executive & 

Town Clerk’s Department. 
Scale 5/6 £8235 - £9906 
(Pay Award pending) 

An excellent opportunity exists for a Legal Assistant . 
with conveyancing experience to puxsue a worthwhile 
career in focal government The person appointed 
will be en g a ged primarily on general conveyancing 
and allied matters and the CountillB substantial prop- 
erty interests and development programme ensures 
an interesting and varied workload. 


Assistance with housing; removal expenses in folL 
Flexitime. 37 hour week. Superannuation and Sick 
Pay Schemes. 

Farther details and an application form, to be re- 
turned by 23rd July 1986 may be obtained from the 
Personnel & Management Services Officer, Town 
Hafl, Watford WDl 3EX- (Tel: Watford 40175 
34 hour Ansafoae). 

(Re£ 024/86) 

The Council is an Equal Opportunities Employer 

BOROUGH OF WATFORD 


BETTINSONS 

BIRMINGHAM 

COMPANY/COMMERCIAL SOLICITOR 

Partner firm within central Birmingham wish to recruit 
an experienced Commercial Solicitor to assist in and 
expand this Department. 

Attractive terms and early partnership prospects for the 
right applicant. 

Please apply with C.V. uk 

John Bettbssa. S3-85 NcvhaD Stmt, Biffl j n g hwi . B3 1LP 

LAW WITH LANGUAGES 

Old established Partnership with City and 
West End offices seek vp to 2 - year qualified 
SOLICITOR with good working knowledge of 
Spanish and French. Unusual and interesting 
position. 

Contact: Mr. D. Cambridge 01-628 3255 








Legal/Company 
Secretarial Assistant 


London 


Salary Neg. 


For a successful inte rna tional industrial company engaged primarily in 
printing and electronics, it has a Grtxp turnover £31 0m and pre-tax 
profits of £49.3m. 

Pat of a small busy Head Office team you wffi provide a secretarial 
sendee to the Group. 

Probably a graduate, you wfll have ad least two years relevant Company 
Secretarial experience gained in a c ommerci a l environment with both 
UK and overseas Interests. You are a good communicator with a 
friendly, confident personality and able to work effectively under 
pressure. 

Salary is negotiable with good benefits. 

Please write - in confidence - with cv and current salary to Lynne 
Stevens ref. A£1 1 26. 

HAY-MSL Selection and Advertising Limited, 

52 Grosvwnor Gardens, London SW1WOAW. 

OtBctohEbnpe. ttvA n Mri rn A aiin M i w nrt Iw Pac/Sc. 


T- 


CHARTERED SECRETARY 


IRELAND 

Barristers 

are required for the fofiowieg posfii 
Office of foe Attorney Geaei 


A. DIRECTOR OF THE 
STATUTE LAW REFORM 
AND CONSOLIDATION 
OFFICE 

Ten years practice as a 
Barrister in Ireland or the 
United Kingdom. 

Salary: IR£31,668 

Experience to certain posi- 
tions to the Civil Service in 
Ireland or the United Kingdom 
may be counted up to a maxi- 
mum of five years for this 
competition. 


B. ASSISTANT 
PARLIAMENTARY 
DRAFTSMAN 

Eight years practice as a 
Barrister in Ireland. 

Upper age Emit: 45 years 

Salary range: IR£24,744~ 
IR£27,641 

Experience to certain posi- 
tions in the Civil Service to 
Ireland may be counted up to 
a maximum of four years for 
this competition. 


Closing Date : 31st duly, 1986. 

Application forms and further Mails from: 

The Secretary, CivO Service Commission, 

1 Lower Grand Canal Street, Dubfin 2. 


rrasG/cg 





THE T1M£S TUESDAY JULY 1 198b'. r 



® J • 


•n 


HOWARD KENNEDY 

PROPERTY LAWYERS 

We have a vigorous and expanding property department covering ail as- 
pects of this type of work. 

The range encompasses every kind of transaction from domestic 
conveyancing and sheltered housing to the most sophisticated develop- 
ment projects, commercial leasing, and property-backed corporate 
acquisitions and dealings. 

We seek to attract solicitors either at the outset of their careers or with 
reasonable experience who will be enthusiastic about participating in our 
own rapid development 

In return we offer considerable scope for enterprise, a friendly office and 
proper remuneration with prospects of advancement for the right person(s). 

if you feel you might like to join us please apply in writing, together with 
your curriculum vitae, io our Partnership Secretary 

Mrs. O.M. Wilson, B.A., 

Howard Kennedy 23 Harcourt House 
19 Cavendish Square London W1M 9AB 



Assistant Solicitors (2) 

£11,973 - £12,861 p.& me. 

To work in the litigation section of the Legal and 
Committee Services Division. One of the posts has an 
emphasis on plaining and common law litigation and 
the other on child care and civil litigation.. .. 
You will need to show an abifity to work under 
pressure and as a member at a team. Experience 
would be an advantage but recently qualified appli- 
cants win be considered. 

Bromley is the largest of the London Boroughs and 
offers a wide range of professional work together 
with an extremely attractive working environment at 
the Civic Centre. 

Relocation expenses scheme applies in certain cases. 
For further Informati o n and an appfication 
form please contact Chief Personnel Officer, 


Bromley BR1 3UR Tel: 01-290 0324 (24 hour 
answering service) (Ref: A282/A283). 

Closing date 
23rd July 1986. 
Applications 
from ex-em- 
ptoyees of- the 
GLC/MCCs or 
London Roskb 
umy Body staff 
with relevant 

THE LONDON BOROUGH experience mV 
As WdGOtttQm 



PRIVATE CLIENT 


TO £20K 


High quality workload for able lawyer of up 
to three years PQE at leading City practice. 


EMPLOYMENT 


TO £15K 


Leading City practice seeks Employment 
Laywer of up to one year PQE. 

CORPORATE 

TAXATION TO £2QK 

Opportunity to undertake excellent Corpo-. 
rate workload at outstanding Central 
London practice. Up to two years PQE. 

COMPANY 

COMMERCIAL TO £18K 

Major City practice wishes to recruit ambi- 
tious Solicitor, of up to 18 months PQE. 

RESIDENTIAL 

CONVEYANCING TO £20K 

Eminent City practice requires Convey- 
ancer with up to three years PQE for 
rewarding caseload. 


COMMERCIAL 

COHVEYANCIHG 


TO £2QK 


Highly regarded City practice requires cali- 
bre Solicitor of up to 18 months PQE for 
top quality workload. Good prospects.. 


PENSIONS 


TO £30K 


Experienced Pensions Lawyer for major 
Central London practice. Excellent 
prospects. 

COMMERCIAL LIGIGATION 

Opportunity with well-respected Central 
London practice for able Litigator of up to 
18 months PQE 

£iw ‘Personnel ANA 

Staff specialists to the legal profession worldwide 
95 Aidwych. London WC2B 4JF. Tel. 01-242 1281 
(ansaphone after office hoorsj 


SENIOR TECHNICAL OFFICER 

The Chartered Association of Certified 
Accountants, a leading international body of 
accountants, requires a Senior Technical 
Officer in Technical Department to deal with 
parliamentary and law affairs. A law degree or 
equivalent qualification is desirable together 
with a background and interest in developing 
detailed proposals for changes in commercial 
law and providing guidence for members. 
Salary c.£l 8,000 
Please apply to: 

Mike Walsh, 

Head of Technical Services, 

The Chartered Association of 
Certified Accountants, 

29 Lincolns Inn Field, 

London WC2A 3EE 

01-242 6855 


MONMOUTH DISTRICT COUNCIL 

ADMINISTRATIVE AND 
LEGAL SERVICES 
DEPARTMENT 

LEGAL SECTION 

Applications are invited for the post ofc- 
ASSI8TANT SOLICITOR 

(PLANNING/LITIGATION) 

PO (2-5) £11.280 - £12,168 per annum 

The postholder will be responsible Tor all the Council's 
legal work under Hs planning functions (inducting at- 
tendance at the Planning Committee) the conduct 
of litigation (mainly prosecutions in the Magistrates 
Court and various County Court matters but including 
some High Court work). He/ehe will have tire oppartu- 
ntty^of ^map^^erience in the whole range of the 

For further details and an application form, please con- 
tact the Personnel Officer. Monmouth District Council, 
Mamhilad House, Mamhilad Park Estate, Pontypool, 
Gwent. NP4 0YL 

N-B. This is a re-advertisement; previous applicants 
wiu be considered as a matter of course. 

Tet Pontypool (04865) Z3U ext- 229. 

Closing Date 21 st July 1988 . 


COMMERCIAL 
LITIGATION - 
GLOUCESTER 

Solicitor - Newly - Admitted 
or Awaiting Admission 

We are an. unusual firm and offer an 
unusual career opportunity. We are at 
a formative stage of our development, 
highly personal in style but with mod- 
em systems. We have an established, 
fast expanding, quality commerica! 
practice. 

We seek an enthusiastic new member 
for our Litigation team to assist and 
learn from a Partner with a varied but 
genuinely commerica! case load. 

Apply With C:Vr to 

Geoffrey Handy-Flint Hand, 
25 Brunswick Road, 
Gloucester, GL1 1YE 


Town Clerk’s Service 
SENIOR LAW CLERK 

c.£1 1,300 - c.212,000 inc. 

A temporary post tor 
up to 2 years. 

A highly competent conveyancer with good 
knowledge of land law and the organising 
.abfflty is .required to deal with organisation 
of the deed storage arrangements, and re- 
lated records, and conveyancing work 
arising therefrom. 

This post may suit a qualified Fellow of the 
Institute of Legal Executives or a retired 
Solicitor or Managing Clerk. 

This will be a fixed term contract of employ- 
ment for a maximum period of 2 years, but 
someone looking for a shorter period of 
employment of at least one year win be 
considered. 

Application forms quoting Ref. 2G9X from tbe 
Personnel Service, The Tom NaB, Horahm 
Street. London. W8 7NX 

Tel: 01-937 8562 (24 bow answering service). 
Closing date for application 23rd Jofy; 1986. ~ 



iht^aNkjrmi^gf 

WMHGimtmsm. 

AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER ■■■■■ 


United Biscuits 


MWWS-CMVFORDS'KPFOGOS- 
RMPV-UB FKUEN FOODS- n=JWY 5 OF YORK- 
PeiALVa-KSSlERlUSA)- 


Commercial 

Litigation 


As part of the expansion of its Legal Department 
the United Biscuits Group wishes do recruit two 
-hYiyttmo w ork ^ Va H eMt^uanen' In ifleYrorth.' " 

Advocate/Litigator 

' You will be i. recently qualified. Sol kitor or Barrister 
and hive good academic qualifications with at least 


experience is preferred for Industrial Tribunal work 
and a good working knowledge of High Court and 
County Court procedures is essential. There will be 
an opportunity to be involved In many other aspects 
of die Company's legal work. 

Legal Executive 

You will be a qualified member of die Institute of 
Leal Executives with at least 3/4 yean experience 
of High Court and County Court litigation. 
Preferably you will want to undertake advocacy In 
Industrial Tribunals. 

The salaries will be competitive and other benefits 
are those to be expeaeo from a major commercial 
group. - 

Both ippoln tments call for persons wirta positive 
approacn to legal problem resolution. 

for an application form, please write or telephone 
Mbs L J. Tunbridge, Senior Personnel Officer. 

United Bbcuits (UK) Limited, Grant House. 

PO Box 40, Syon Lane, bleworth, Middlesex 
TW7 SNN. TeL- 01-560 3131 Exr.4155. 


I-S603131 Ext.4155. 


YOUNG SOLICITOR 

Needed by established firm to join is busy Litigation 
Depa rtm e n t with particular responsibility for Magistrates 
Coim work, although there will be an opportunity to wort 
in other fields. An ability to work with minimum supervi- 
sion is essential and a newly qualified person will be 
Considered. 

Salary negotiable according to age and experience- 
Write with C.V. ax- 
il. C. KjHin 

HOWARD KHUN & BRUCE 
16/17 -South Quay 
Great Yarinouih 
Norfolk . 

NR30 2RA 


«XJOTO« | NEWLY ADMITTED SOUCTTO* 

Mainly .Crtiwnai cap* Mary [ LHiwUon work Dorart. Mary 
AWr Acwd PrnmiMH.crMs I Mart* Acnru- Penoniwl 

awifiae - - - - — 


c. £18,000 per annum 

We are seeking a lawyer with at least five years local government experi- 
ence lo lead a team' of assistant solicitors amTto provide an advisory 
service to committees and. line managers in all of the CoonriTs Depart- 
ments. Also to ensure that , the .Council is properly represented at Cburts 
and Tribunals. 

The postholder will be expected to take a leading personal role m the more 
sensitive cases and appear occasionally for. the Council, at County Magis- 
trates Courts. Tribunals, Appeals and before the Registrar in the High 
Court. - 

The post is graded at the top of the National Principal Officers Range 2. 


Formal application by brief tetter and C.V. with the names of two referees 
to tbe Head of Personnel and Prodactivfty Services, London Borough of 
Croydon, Taberner House,' Park Lade, Croydon, CP9 3JS. 

Closing, dote 25 July 1986. 

Informal enquiries to-Mre. Halligey Senior Assistant Controller of Admin- 
istration, on 01-686 4433 extn- 2314 (or the Controller on extn. 2312). 


CROYDON, 

An equal opportunity employer | 


ASSOCIATED BOOK PUBLISHERS (UK) LTD 

EDITORIAL ASSISTANTS 

This Company publishes Law books and Journals under the' 
specialists imprints of Sweet & Maxwell, and Stevens. 

There are vacancies for Editorial Assistants. The work involves 
copy-editing and preparation, liaison with editors and authors, 
both inside and outside the Company, and participation in many 
production processes. Suitable training will be given as necessary. 
- Typing skills will be given special consideration 

We are looking for self-responsible people who can manage their 
own priorities: job satisfaction lies in maintaining high editorial 
standards with dose attention to detail and in working as part of a 
. young, friendly team in one of the UK's most successful 
publishing companies. 

Applicants should write, in ronfidence/sfatzng age, qualifications, 
experience and present salary to: 

David Richards, • 

Personnel Director, Reference No. ABP3 
Associated Book Publishers (UK) Limited, 

11 New Fetter.Lane, 

London, EC4P4EE 


GRANGEWOODS 

We are a medium size (19 partner) firm which was created in 1975. to that time 
the firm comprised 3 partners and had a total complement of 15. The practice has 
virtually doubled in size every 3/4 yean and today employes total of 120 staff 

Much of the work of the practice is City orientated and we expect and intend the 
growth of the firm to be maintained in the wake of the "Big Bang”. 

In an increasingly competitive and challenging legal and business environment we 
are committed to a policy of expansion by the provision and maintenance of the 
highest standards of responsiveness and professional and business skills. We shall 
be looking to those we recruit to be capable of rapidly joining with tbe existing 
partners in, implementing this policy. • -*■ * 

We are accorcBngfy seeking to necroir assistant solicitors with a capacity for 
sustained hard work having between them 1 to 3 years relevant experience and 
with a good academic background in (he- following departments: 

Conmany/Commeraat Applicants should have experience in one or more of the 
following fields: Public Company work including flotations: company ac- 
quisitions and asset sales: commercial lending; investment and 
commercial banking; corporate taxation. 

Commercial Property: Applicants should have experience in one or more of the 
following fields: Property finance; commercial and residential develop- 
ment; institutional investment; property lending; joint ventures. 

liti g ati o n: Applicants should have experience in one or more of the following 
fields: Construction and building litigation and arbitration; landlord and 
tenant (residential and commercial). 

The working environment is friendly and supportive and we shall pay the salaries 
that are required to enable us to recruit individuals of tbe highest calibre. Pros- 
pects for the right candidates are excellent. 

Applications with tr. should be sent Dk 

Michael fielding Esq-, Graxnewoods, 

-1 Harley Street, London WI2A 4DG 


MARSHALL CLEGG 
MARINE CONSULTANTS 

has a vacancy in its newly established 
offices in Piraeus Greece for a marine 
consultant to advise its clientele of 
shipowning, banking and insurance 
clients. The preferred applicant will either 
have a legal qualification and several years 
experience practising in the field of 
maritime law or will have been employed 
by a P and I Club handling a case load of 

- claims relating to- the bill range of - - ~ 

shipping problems. 

Initial interviews will be held in London in . . 
late July. 

Applicants should write with their current 
curriculum vitae and salary expectations 
to Box No. J94, Times Newspapers, 

Virginia Street, Wapping El. 


LITIGATION 

Old established firm requires assis- 
tant solicitor for busy South Bucks 
practice. Matrimonial, crime and gen- 
eral litigation with some advocacy. 

Excellent prospects for ambitious 
young solicitor either newly qualified 
or with- 2 or 3 years experience. 

Telephone 
Beaeonsfield 2661 

(Ref RAA) 


SOLICITOR REQUIRED 

Go-ahead City firm with heavy workload of 
insurance/PI litigation seek young solicitor. 
Congenial atmosphere and the sky is tbe 
limit for the right applicant. 

For interview, please telephone: 

01-248 9205 


1 g e m . Alp Sprctalrri A htalnmo- 
tual. BitmM «KiMdnnl Krill 
anpomimml Cl I K. W«wx 
Consultants 0930 26103 

LEGAL EXECUTIVE DgmcKIr 
Com rvanono Dm on Mary 
M«p -wcord Prrsonnrt.0935 
815606 


BRANCH OFFICE SOLICITOR 

Con' jycthrinq & Lunation 
Amu Man- Male Accord Pci 
Mfiiwl.0935 *16606 

CONVEY AMONG Exrculne un 
dot 35 Thanw A alley CI2 5K 
Vu-*i"i ComuiUnb 0935 
36183 



SECRETARY 

ETHICS & GUIDANCE 
£28,000 -£34,000 y 7: 

The Council of The Law Societyare estabUshinga nemr 

saBsassss^s'*-- v 
Ssfisesasajsster*.. 

^^Applications are invited for the post of Saretaiy ofthe 
Department which will service the new Committee. Apptants 

^^StesoKdtois with broad legal 

awareness of the importance of ntiesofconductmaMif— 
regulating profession. The departmen t includes bottiadnutted 
mid unadmitted staff and considerable management - ■*» 

^^ThS^SJdbenefits attached to Hus position will : : 
reflect its importance, and for the right man or woman it . 
will provide a unique opportunity to make an important // 
contribution to the profession. ... 

Please write enclosing your CV to the Personnel and 

Training Manager, The Law Society, 1 13 Chancery Lane, 
London WC2A1PL. * ^ 

(Closing date 9th July, 19S6) 


THE LAW SOCIETY 


AMBITIOUS SOLICITOR 

(Industry) : 


Manchester region c£16,000+ car etc. 


Our diem is a well established and diverse p u bl i c a ly quoted 
manufacturing gm'p Th *?i r iro p iwnave profit performance in recent 
■years has been achieved 'by effective commercial management . The ' 
group is now poised for further significant expansion in the UK, 

Europe and the USA. 

An enthusiastic solicitor (Probably aged 2 7 to 35) is now 

required to join the small but significant Head Office legal team. The 

wnrlr is challeng in g tmH pf n and innuwmng nature including _ 

contract negotiations relating to acquisitions and disposals, 
commercial conveyancing and other ad-hoc projects. The successful 
candidate will be an able communicator who considers dux his or her 
personal and technical skills can be fully utilised in an industrial 
environment where long term career aspirations may be furthered. 

In addition to an excellent commencing salary, other benefits will _ 
iridude a company car and relocation expenses in appropriate 
dreumstances. ...... 

Please apply to Christina Counsel!, BA, ACA, (Executive 
Consultant), Daniels Bates Partnership Ltd, Leeds Office, 

Tel: (0532) 461671, quoting ref: 86/2105TX 

Daniels Baia nrtxtnhip LuL. JowplB 1M. 
Cli lien Hanover Walk, Hark Line. Leeds LS3 LAB- 

Teh [0532)46157 1 (Sline» 24 hours*. 

iT'Uaty) • Akooc Foumain Precinct. Leopold Street Wine. 

rail nership 


PROFESSIONAL RECRUITMENT 



SOUCITOR/ASSISTANT LITIGATION HEAD 

A Hong Kong based firm requires a well -experienced litigator to deal with 


Hong Kong is a fast-movring dty, and challenge, scope and opportunity are 
bound in this appointment. The remuneration package -is flexible and will 
be geared to attract the most suitable candidate. Interviews will be ar- 
ranged in London. 

Applications, which will be treated in strict confidence, should be sent 
with full C.V. to BOX A86 


MATRIMONIAL £ QW«I Liu** I F1HEE LIST rounlry \arancies 
non. sort* London to tlBSK. , M srttie from c7.ooo 10 
Hnm -Comunan^ 0936 I tab.ooo OurnDm St Partnere 
- - P" ■ I 016069371 


SOLICITOR, LONDON 
to asjoeo 

An cpponnnrn has amen fora 
vtlmusr in a medians seed 
practice. The naunr of Miri 
wiU be intcrciiint and sarred 
and partnership prospects will 
be oHctcd. To appK contact: 
Clt»e Pabche litf 6867) ai 
Mer»>n Hughes inti Lid Rec 
Con 37 Goklen So. London 
WIR 4AN. Tet 01434 4WI 


MriWXD CLERKS ■ S required 

(OC Urm of MiUeUor^ that H -Mb- 

stanimL expanding am 
cStMIriMd 100 yean. Fid 
class experience and prospects, 
wnie now la c J. Cook. 
Charles. Lucas & Marshall. 28 
SartholofTWw SI. Newdtiry. 
Berkshire RG14 SEL. 


LmcAiKw souenw . w, 

need an mergeue enimnuettc 
Solirlior for our Wincnester 
branch. The successful appii- 
canl wta head the UligalMn 
peoarmteni and will deal will, 
ennunai and as II hllgatlon and 
mairlntomal manerx. A healiity 
tfppitlle for work and an abUny 
to expand further urn side of 
our prarnre are aha essential. 
Beward* mr a ruunq. fncndly 
ensironmem. good salary and 
pannerstup prowrets for (he 
rtqht person. Either away with 
full CV to T.W. Payne. Brullon 
I Co - I? Southgate Blreel. 
wiiKhmer. 5023 °EA or tele- 
phone for more iniormaiion an 
i0963i 68632 

PMrTMERSMP PROSPECTS 

with Suwx Town firm ghw. 
Al Pracllre SO W tlSK. 
wews Consul linn 0935 
SSIB3 

TRUST. TAX, PROBATE. WCI 

prariiee Prw recenlly • 4 yean, 
admitted sumior To 
r (.19.000 Meredith Stoll Re- 
crtdunenl. Ol 583 OQS5 

LITIGATOR TOR CORMSH Pnr 
lire lo (15L Mary Mile/ 
Accord Personnel 0935 Bl 5505 


ASA LAW 

LOCUMS 

ASA LAW Locum 
qjeciahsts for 
Solicitors need more, 
locums in London & 
the South. 

01-248 1139 

ASA LAW 
6/7 Lndgate Square 
Ludgate Hill 
London, EC4M 7 AS 


DUNLAVEY-ROS1N 

Energetic 6 partner Hoi born 
firm requres- 

CONVEYANCGR 1 loZyeare 
aOmtsswo. Onl/ commercial 
and f*gh quality residential 

UTIQATOfi 2 lo 4 yearn 
adnassoft. High court landlord 
and tenant and mtemauonal 
corome ro aJ experience 

City satanes and bonus-pay- 

able. AMitv and hard work mO 
be rewardeo wdfi partnership. 

Please phone or write to- 


RAPIDLY 
»AI 
SI 

requires non-conten- 
tkxis quafifted sofiettor 

for East Midlands office. 
Apply in confidence wttti 
full CV to Box J52 The 
rimes. Advertisement 
Deparbnem, PO Box 
484. Virginia Street, 

London El 900. 


ASSISTANT SOUCfTMt warned. 
Newly or recently ad mined 
route tun. First claw wparteiiw 
and p rawed Thu Urn is «ub- 
Manllal. expanding and 
KUtMKhNI 100 years. Wnic 
now to C J- Cook. Charier Lu- 
ras A Marsltau. 28 
Bartholomew si. Newbury. 
Berkshire RG14 SEL 


PRACTICE W NORFOLK reouirp 
a wUrlkw wiih upfoihreeyoan 
. tin and trust experience, salary 
lo £ 20.000 and possible reten- 
tion package a\aUabU> OtiMre 
Wacman. Cabrief Duffy 
Con&utanry. Ol 831 SUB B. 


PRIVATE CLIENT. Prohale and 
Tax Planning specialist. From 
itw Thames vaiej- unto the 
Cols wotes for sotNftorr. Barm- 
lor* or AccvKJi, lapis to £I8K. 
Ww ConsuBanls 0935 
26183 

SOLICITOR/ COMPANY 6CCRE- 
TAKY. Propeny company in 
South Mampahlrr wrh a suH- 
aMe person lor the abme 
position Conirvanrlng expert- 
mo w w nlul. Trfr phone 0T94 
520303 lor delalK 

SOLICITOR* Trainee UUWHMn 

and General Sotirftors required 
for prarlKe on South EM 
Com. Salaries dependant an 
experience Contact EvotuM 
14 Dike Rd. Bnghlon. C Sus 
**X BM 3FE. (0273) 21029 

BATH AREA. Ut (gallon sol (c nor 
up to 3 ynn post mui. 
Criminal Matrimonial 
c-t 16 . 000 * good prospects. 

• Meremm Scmt ReorunmenL Ol 


ASSISTANT 

SOLICITOR 

£11,973 - £13,578 p.a. inclusive 
(Grade POD/E) 

A SoBdtor, not necessarily fn the public service, 
is required to complete the legal team at Bex- 
ley.' The post will provide an excellent 
opportunity to undertake the varied range of ; 
work arising in a busy London Borough. It will 
be an advantage If candidates can demonstrate 1 
experience in advocacy and general Htfgation 
but this should not deter newly qualified appli- 
cants with an interest in these areas. - 

For an informal discussion, telephone Ley- 
land Birch, Chief Solicitor, on 01-303 7777 
Ext 2040 

Application forms and job descriptions from: 

Chief Executive’s Office & Director ate of Ad- 
ministration, Personnel Section, Room 320, 
Ohm: Offices, Broadway, Bexieyheath. Kent 
DA6 7LB. TeL 01-303 7777 Ext 2011 


JS9TA 

ttSPETS 

Actors 


§5 7551 1 ** 



PRIVATE CLIENT - OXFORD 
£ Highly Neg. 

Our diem wishes lo rccniii a solicitor with up to two wars 
experience of private diem work. Successful candidate will be 
Mrting on a mixed ease-load in conjuncucm with the thriving 
Trust md Probair depanraem. An ideaJ opportunity w jom 
Ota wdkrspccied firm and develop Hits highly spedrited 
dmuon of ihe prsatce. Working environmem pieasam and 
safafj «»woWe acrording io age and experience. 

S m Ul ' B ? nd other *** v *a in the 
London or Oxford areas, please contact Cbm Wismun: 

GABRJEL DUFFY CONSULTANCY’ 

2nd Floor 

31 Southampton Row 
London WCIB 5HJ 

tdepbwre trambo 831 2288 
Evenings and Weekends 748 0289 


BERKSHIRE RASED Plan** 
tevks (omnnancer (a work on 

rcsHiPiKMl caMhud. SjUii-v 

a A.E. asm w Neman. Ca&rM 
Dufiy ConMiHancy. ot aai 
2288. 


Mg 


Secretary bllinguai 



"titoSMti Reerunnwm. oi 


LECAL SEC with Cft Cormnexp 
for Oiy broken. Lottof-AOM*. 
sna invoh-entent worftbvior a. 
SajTiMer. SH-+ wt» eat vw; 
p.rw imnMteie vaai&.: SR»- * 
ry c Cl iiOOa. CWiMary Com 

oi*aT eserr Rtc-e**- 

auNcnYuuctta«;«£ 
"^A WKS- Tatra £620 rtfci 

w» to suxmer** : 
























ONALCO 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 


JRY 

3 


«n «c-aKcptaf by.tdsohonc 

jtt-tvt « 3.06pm 2 dayt prior 

** ** Wcdnwtayv , Should 
yoojnsh to ten* m jrfvcnise- 
1 5? W ’? wrr " n S Ptenc indude 



**V T ,, 

• njt-? •. 

f VTi 

%&y . : 
U* ; 

isS'v^v 


jathi.- 



SILVER 

'■“: I ANNIVERSARIES 


OTEGAK CASSIDY On July 
•: Jjf- 1 2 6 * a i Croon Cburcti. 

Kortg. Rail. Rh.K.P to 
-. ; -J$»UJWfl. W.R.AC. Now to 
Wrpxham. North Wfe 
. - GcmgrvtfuidUonv ’ 



-■ 

WWW*-. 
IJ»- - 


1ST ANT 
JCITOR 

nsn ; *&• 

m pcs 


wtewr'-- 

-■ 


rfMtt - 
*«*£ «*- 


iat^fW 


Tl« TIMES 1795-19HL OOwr 

Wnd\an Hand bound rorty 

T* prcwniailon also 

SS i JM ,, -Ejw. Cn«fc. Irfi Mb. 
ftiMriortir and uxkil 
T pT tt£l .6610 an? 0005. 

'b* OtlH-rv 

WMBLOMM WINNERS From 
Tm* Saif cry Main& Portable 
\IiJpo Hrrorflrr (r only £389 

- TaoosSs S>WrtW SUW, ‘ SWl 

AU. TKKCTS. WtmUnfon . 

n? 1 ®} * Sift X°° BrKw Date 

ism 1 1080 61 «■ oiasi 

DUE T CM* MmraM 
. original Tlirm NnMuiwr 
**'«»■ 4*y ibnwR 
worn C1260. 04933(303 
°VP TO** FLAGSTONES, raft 
Wc win, «c Naufinwkio 
**<£}** ™: <«»©» 860059 

PAPERMATIC TICKET Exrtwngr 
fci mMNo n urfcefo bought- wm 
« ^rartianppa. . Ter. oi 791 

vnmumom. cats. su<iism 
Cot. Cm. l» Mb An incur* 
;!« Wfl Tff 651 3719. 637 
-17J6 . am major credit cards. 
•mMASKW TICKETS FOR 
6-u£ Any aay co«n i or 
CMilre 01-439 0300. An maior 
tmJll card* taken 

WWWUCWI Momrmal. Pair of 
22f»*0»- Hte. Genuine tale. 

■ arcrpwi Ten. 0784 

ORBEWT WHNSLEDON TtCKETS 

BjH N™* bought M to 01-778 

W3 annimn 

WHAM, QMRM, WiniNram. an 

Ihraires and -an SOW Out ev cut* 
Ring- Ol 701 8283. 
WMHLEDOH ana all Poo Ev mb 
. TtrkPU bought ami •sold. 

CU 930-0377 or 01 9300598. 

WIIMLCMM TICKETS avrtUMr 

- “H 0 “Wiled- 01 

wmsLEDflm iKiMb itriwt 
vvamed bps wires mu. 

* Obtainable* Lid. 01 839 1888. 


ANTIQUES * 
COLLECTABLES 



MUSICAL 

INSTRUMENTS 


STEINWAY PIANO 

Rx site. bennUul pm waintn 
upnom Saute pano (Srenway 
tamrtyl Hi petsd common 
hawg been kept naa In stof- 
■ifls £Wy foor years oft 
FWuctant sale by tamer ebsw- 
cal muse student WHI accept 
otters m the nffon gl E2JB0. 

01 703 0601 


London s icacing wtoiiu in 
new and reuorM pianos lor UK* 
largbi gnuilnr srlerdoii avaU- 
abir 30a hHghgaie Rd. NWS. 
01 367 7671 Free catalogue 
PfANOti HXAME A SONS. New 
and reconditioned. Quality ai 
reasonable prim- 52e> Brtohion 
Rd ■ & Croydon 01-888 3613 
ROGERS modem uprlghi piano 
pxrelleril eon. rog tuned, beauli 
ltd rase Cl. 400 ono. wui 
dein wOl 226 0628 
aCCHSTtMS, 2 IxaulHul grand*. 
Good price lor ouicic Uie. Must- 
nans msirummU. 01 6864961 
MIOAOWOOD GRAND, beautiful. 
Mcionaii piano. C120D. Tri: 01 
436 2029. daytime. 

WELMAR PIANO leah upright 
with slooi. evcellmi ■ condHkm 
CPfiO o n o TfiOl 436 8673 



HRWHIS OF . NETTUaui. 

vioodr an um * Frenrii poton 
IM demonMralMiH by l“o o< 
our own eratwnen al out sum 
run nltfMti«i of I flh * IBJti 
' renluri rndira f urn 1 1 lire on 
Satuiiui &»h July al our 
80 hi imnouili Showrooms. 
. 189 199 Old ChnsKhurch 
Road. Bournetnouih. TeH 
•OSOSi 293680. 

FINEST oualltv wool carpets Al 
. trade W 1 CM *"« und«: also 
auiiaoie iOO> extra Large 
room sue retimams under lw« 
normal pnre OwKCfy Carpeb 
01 409 0463 


RESISTA 
CARPETS 
SPECIAL OFFERS 


stocks an. 

548 Wham Road, 
Parsons Green, SW6. 

TeL' 01-736 7551 

Free esMotesHExpal BWnB- 


ANNOliNCEMENTS 


THE SALISBURY 
REVIEW 

Hruntfi fc-*ju»{ inevnaiii r/M- 

' BjJ Ml lh.-\ IMP K 1 UlhWTltK HW 3 

liwaot.sv I^lt rvimd «ir irajr 
Mt>‘ lh- Uf Hi n ** he*-' J«“ our 

rintnsu Ini *rl Mihwtrik.T* W- 3 T. 

wbwi Iftani imii UM ^ 3 
chcutfc- tnadrJU'jNi-w 

Sfctrwood Press Ltd. 

■jirfiJtt® 


SHORT LETS 


LUXURY SERVICED FLATS. 

ceniral London iron* C32& pw 
- ■ Ring Town Hw APi% 573 3433 
N FOREST Owner's home. 3 bed. 
lux art Juft-. Aug. pom Sept, tge 
pm ler. bOq 04264 3761 
SERVICED APARTMENTS In 
KemmglOn Col TV 04hr swtxL 
■to Colli ngnam API» 373 6306- 
ST JAMES SWl. Luxury 2 bed 
mill- luruMtfd teriKed apt nr 
pai k Ol 373 6300 ITL 


FLATSHARE 


SWS Parsons Green Bedroom 
ivilh own bathroom aialleMe 
for girt in very comfortable 
ianuft house aose lube, buses 
and shops. Rent mcluslse ol all 
bins earebi iciePhonp DBO p.w 
Hm rruuired. Tel-aiier 6 p.m 
Ol 736 6089 

CHELSEA, single per*. ®S 301 
C95 pw * tel + eteclr Tel: 391 
7230 "Lends eies or 84T 
3511 wVdays 

COUNTRY UFC/SE28 Beauunu 
detartied Virmnan House 16 
mins City \ Lrlorla CSOpw 
306h 069 9270 
FLATMATES SeH-rtie Shartnfr 
4* ell euab inirodurtwy sentre 
ptse lei for appl: Ol 689 6491. 
313 Bfomoion Road. SWJ 
SUNBATH ai Home Beautiful 
rial sel in pm au* Cdn Sp. Ideal- 
ft- female re* W M-NTuBe. 
COSpw Home 373 J7S8. 
1W11 Pro! M r. 30 Pius. N S. 
own room, drlignitul manon- 
rile, musi be seen 060.00 pw 
i«\ii Tel 01 225 2604 .ciesi 
CLAPHAM. mimar lutshr nr 
lutx- Lge l“»» „f*6P.wNon 
smoker* onft Ol -720 0999. 
MON - FIB NX. Close Clly M F 
\ S O H Lux mais C40 pw 
iiicl Ol 241 5037 alter 6pm. 
N5 F reo wired lo Uiare hw wtlh 
o r \ its- ciofo to lube. C 180 
pr.m exclus Tel'Ol 364 1761 
SW2 Young prof m/f to *rtae 
Hal O/R. all amenities LI 70 
pem ex ft 01-831 7766 
W6 Prof M f- 24*- n s. o T-«Jt 
Me flat nr lube. Cite pem- 
Esrlu*. Tel: 01 748 1727 eve« 
WZ Protr I. o r. bngm saacjil 
with bale C70PW me. °l 584 
4649 id 402 9634 iHl 
WANTED. Flat nateisare. by 

ibim 1 VVJSPtffibBrJS? 

in*- smkr Tel: Ml oees. eies. 


DISCOUHTQ) FARES 


JdttW-Hr 

HVDbt 

Caro 

UD« 

Del Bom 

Bangkok 

HUM. 


sragto return 

nfio e«o 

f275 £390 

5150 £230 

£240 £360 

30 S350 

520 £350 

£420 


Afro ASM TrawJ L « 

w *asrJWt* 


— BBtflC HOT TURKEY. Spend 
^Srrrtixino ai OUT pm W 
iK-.a-h hOirl Ihrn f 




aCbcbca 

anwadthcOutt- T 


TWSen*“2Lv / 

KSg aaBrnS.-y.-T 


TURRCY, CANARKS 



OHCEX ISLAND OF LEMS. 5 C 

PL& Bon ihhuuiri unspoui n- 

t. 77 1 390124111*1. 
%^TOL 1 107 



MU AS 

COSTA DEL SOL 
ALGARVE 
IBIZA 

Bcsaufol vallas. cadi with own 
grounds J pooL superb sea A 
mountain views. SiiU some 

SESSWSSm. 


81404 8S29/28 

ATTIL 20I7/4BT4 


1 CALL For some of Hie be* deal* 
on nis. ill lbs. apt*, inis and car 
Mr*. Tel London Ol 636 5000 
Manchester Obi 832 2000. Air 
Travel Advisory Bureau. 
LATIN AMERI CA. Low COM 
nights e.g, Rio £485. uma 
£486 rln Also Small Cfroup 
Hobday JovmryaJtV Peru 
(ram £3601 JLA 01-747-3108 
N/YORK Miami LA. CheasM 
fares, on major u <L schedulod 
canters aim rrtnruiunli 
charters 6 tnghts io Canada Ol 
584 7371 ABTA 
SUMMER DARSAMS. FUohft: Ml 
Curopean dmUnaUon*. tnclu- 
ave holidays: SanTortnl - 
Corfu. SunHflM Holidays, oi 
491 2187 ATOC 2109. 
TUNISIA. Perfect beach* far 
■ your summer hoOday. Call lor 
our brochure now. Tunisian 
Travel Bureau. 01-573 dan. 
AUCANTE, Faro. Malaga tie. 
Otmond Travel A70L 1783. 
01 >681 4641. Horsham 68641 
AUSSIE. Ni. South Africa. 
U&A. Horn Kong. Best Farts. 
01-493 7778 ABTA. 
jMSCOUWTO idJEceNmy OcJi- 
«*. Try us lasL FUGHT- 
BOOKERS 01-387 9100 . 
ECUADOR TRAVEL HKCtaltota to 
Latm America A Europe air 
fares. Tbi: 01-457 7834 ABTA. 
SPAM PORTUOAL BP KOT: 
Fttghts raider 01-471 0047 
ATtJL 1640. Access.' VBA 
SYD/MCL £618 Perth £646 AH 
makor earners to AUS/N z. Ol- 
584 7371. ABTA 
SOUTH AFRMSA Jo-bung from 
£465. 01-584 7571 ABTA. 


IT'S ALL AT 
TRAILFINDERS 


More low-cost flights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 
than any other agency 
PLUS 

• Fast, expert, high-tech 
service • Free worldwide 

hole) & car hire pass 

• up to S0% Ascounts 

Open 9-6 Mon-Sat 

On-ttM-Spot 
Immunisation, Insurance, 
Foreign Exchange, 
BookShop 


COCrCUTTERS ON fUahtS/hoM 
lo Empe. USA Anwei 4«B|»- 
dom. Dtptemrt travel: 0I-T50 
2201. ABTA I AT A ATOL. 


UM ir £116 Singie. £210 rtn. 
High Season Fares. Malor tram- 
rt. 01 488 9257. IATA 


cheapest FUwrrs w/ewoc - 

Bob TraveL T« 01 388 6414. 


CHEAP FLKUm Worldwide. 
Haymertcet 01-950 1366. 


msttHMTO f oaoup FAWM. 

U.T-C- Open Sal. 0753 857036. 



RALASA. CAMA WW 01-441 
1111. TravrtwNe. aou/AUI. 


SPAM. Portugal. Ch wrtt Urm. 
Biggies. 01 755 8191. ATOL. 


SWnWMANB Scheduled nights 
01-724 2388 ABTA ATOL 


CRUISE & SAIL ABROAD 


GRUME TuHwy 12 b«rt» crewed 
mblbr yacht 2 wits fr £426 pp 
I nc III*. Whole boat avaUaWe 
other weeM from £ 1000 . Free 
W.tpam. h/b. Ol 326 1006. 
AIM 2091. 


GENERAL 


TAKE TIME OFF K) para. Am- 
stentam. Bnxnete. Bruges. 
Geneva. Berne. Lausanne. The 
Hague. Dublin. Rouen- Bou- 
logne A Dieppe. Time Off. 2 a. 
Chewier Close. London. Swix 
7BQ. 01-235 8070. 


SELF-CATERING 



SELF-CATERING 

BALEARICS 


MENORCA, villas. Apartments. 
Taverns*.' on dales avail- July 
specials. High Season (ram 
£126. Oewe Holidays. Ol 309 
7070 6 0622 677071 or 0622 
677076t24hrs>. ATOL 1772. 


SELF-CATERING 

FRANCE 


APARTMENT Steeps 6 . Oubtioiel 
Moot d*Arvots. Megete.Haule- 
Savolr. Resiaurauil. lennfs. 
t wi mm I ng.go I (.walking. 16*51 
August £400. 0223 276138 


COMPUTER APPOINTMENTS 


COMPUTER POSTS WITHIN THE 
NUMERICAL ALGORITHMS GROUP LTD 

NAG develops and distributes Numerical and Statistical Software which is widely used 
throughout the world. We are seeking Computing professionals to join our lively, 
friendly and expanding Central Office in Ordqrd. 

SOFTWARE ENGINEER 

We require a technically motivated person with a sound academic background and an 
abffity to work effectively within a small team, for appointment to a permanent post 
Our Software Engineering group needs your help to develop, support and promote the 
use of software tools (the Toolpack/1 suite of tools in particular). Your thorough 
knowledge of Fortran 77 and experience of handling large portable applications 
software will prove invaluable, and your familiarity with (one or more of) compiler 
writing, graphics, IKBS and Unix will be a distinct advantage. 

PROGRAMMER/NUMERICAL ANALYST 

We require a program mer/numerical analyst to work within the Project Development 
Group. This is a permanent post involving the development and testing of numerical 
applications software as well as responsibility for co-ordinating certain projects within 
the Group. 

Candidates should have at least a good honours degree m mathematics, or some 
scientific or engineering discipline that includes a substantial mathematical element 
experience in numerical analysis scientific programming and in the design and 
documentation of scientific software. 

CO-ORDINATOR FOR THE IMAGE PROCESSING . 
ALGORITHMS LIBRARY 

We require a coordinator to work on an Alvey Funded Image Processing Algorithms 
Library project, to provide support for the development testing and maintenance of 
the Library in both Fortran and C. The post is for a fixed period of three years. 
Candidates should have a good honours degree in computer science, mathematics or 
^some scientific or engineering discipline, two or three years' experience of high-level 
language programming and experience in the design and documentation of scientific 
software. A knowledge of the techniques of image processing would be an advantage. 


Closing date for applications: 25 July 1986 

The above posts within NAG have a generous holiday entitlement plus a pension 
scheme. 

m For further details and an application form please contact 

IWI IVCj The Administrator 

I TBb y^b The Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd 

^ Mayfield House, 256 Banbury Road 

nmmOical. OXFORD 0X2 7DE 

ALGAM T HMI - Te|: 0xford 511245 


NUMERICAL 

ALGORITHMS 

GROUP 


SELF-CATERING 

GREECE 


CORFU BARGAINS b July bNuU 
tui ft (um nMiippcd vllUft 1 wk 
Cl 79 2 whs Cl 99 rx GMWteW 
Run Pan wona H outlaw Ol 
734 2Bo2 

GREECE. UtHteill ftiantfk. Cite** 
ritohtk.villarnnlabrit H 6 I 
Mat* 01 434 1647 AUK AUO 
RHODE* Luv apt ImH. juft- Wrt 
ft Sal Or pi C129 po SIiwm 
0706 802814 


ISLANDS IN THE SUN 
JUNE/AUG/SEPT 

FLY OMECT to CORFU. 
CCPHALONIA. ZAJCYMTHOS. 
CRETE fi SKIATH05 BeauBW 
villas & arts dOU W Btonws 
beaches. Some FREE cWU Wees- 
FREE wndsJrtmQ m Crete. 
AvaMMay ttiraugiiouLtts summer 


0403 59788 
IUOS ISLAND HOLIDAYS 
ABTA AIR) ATO. MS 


SELF-CaTERING SPAIN 




SIMPLY CRETE 

CJUiCaiATKM 
Demure 8th July. Supem vaa 
«tti SMrnran Pod. 

WAS £249 NOW £149 

ALSO LTD HKH 
SEASON AMtUBUTY . 

01-994 SSz/5226 

t* bMk 

"ATOL 1S» 



SELF-CATERING ITALY 


VILLAS WITH A MAOW TOUCH. 

A villa, a port and a beauuiul 
i tow. wnal more cwiM you 
wanP Choopa (rani Tuscany. 
Sardinia or Ravrtio ■ ihe kwrti 
or parts o( I Laly wnare tho mass 
nurKM operalory don'l 90. Or 
(ombnw a villa holiday with a 
mai- in lenKn. norwicy or 
Romr. Frrr brochure Irom 
Mane of Italy. Dert T. 47 Stin>- 
harm Bush Gram. WI2 SP& 
TH. Ol 749 7449 i24 hrS 
senkh 


self-catering 

PORTUGAL 


LUXURY AL CARVE villa Own 

pool. Oterlgoking famous 7lh 
Hote vai do Lcbo soil course. 
Suddenly avaU 10/24 July 
Sips 6 / 8 . P tease phone daytime 
01-839 1461: evenings Wends 
01-398 0088. 



MAIMELLA. Luy villas w«h 
pooh Avail June loOcL 01 409 
2836 MUftWorM- 


SELF-CATERING 

TURKEY 


TURKEY. Late availabiuft'. 6 . 16 
Julv I whfr C189 Turkish D* 
liphl Hoiwass 01 891 A469 
ATOL 2047 


SUPER SECRETARIES 


SECRET ARKS for Arrniieru & 
CtovtWim Prrmaiieni ft tempo- 
MTV MNlMm AMSA wwdisi 
Rer Cons Ol 734 0632 


NON-SECRETARIAL 


MOTH CAROA U GROVES. 
Restdenuu Lrlllntft Dew!- 
men! Owli »9 »0 wmanslon we 
uioenuv reauUT 

RECEPTIONIST JUNIOR 
NECOlTIATOR tor V* 
Knt9ht»brtd9e rtltee. No previ- 
ous owtononco required Wc 
also rrwrr EXPOtttMCfP 
NECOrriAOP (Of our Mayfair 
office Oeod remuneration and 
Comoanv car Write wilh cv 
to Mm J Rucnay al Krtin 
Cardato Groves. 43 North 
Audki- Si. London Wl 


DOMESTIC & CATERING 
SITUATIONS 


OVERSEAS AU PAIR AGENCY 

H7 Rrpml Street. LonOw wt 
Tri 439 6634 L-K Overseas. 
Aho m. helps doms temp perm 
OVERSEAS AU PAM AGENCY 
87 Repenl SireeLLondon Wl 
Tri 434 6634 LK Overseas. 
Afto m.hetps dams lemp perm 


NORTH OF THE 
THAMES 


LITTLE VENICE WZ Pled A 
Terre. Stucco Building, sunny 
3rd floor, i bed. iftUta m,. WL 
sky inhi oalhrm. Independanl 
GCH Dterllenl condition. 
C62.S00 Tel: 01-102 7698 


GENERAL 


DATSUM Cherry 1600 turbo, met 
hi up. -84 'B rwgi. laooOm. all 
slnd xlra. s ri. M cast. v.qd. 
roil, lax Sew. £4*00 ono 
Orpinton 76972 


V.W. AND AUDI 


MW VW AMD AUDI models inc 
CTi. at discount, rapid deHv cry 
Pliorliix 026 126 4676 


MERCEDES 


2 J 0 C 1980 Auto, c lorfcinq. ra 
dio rassrue. rlecl aerial. I 
owner £4.960. Tri 06845 
68687 


PERFORMANCE CARS 


FERRARI 36S OT« 2*2 1975. 
57.000 miles metallic blue, 
leather seats stereo, very good 
condition. £ 11.000 ono. 

Tel. Ol 603 9574 eves wfcends 


RENTALS 


PERFECT BLISS 

Ifvtxi tcalH cere ahnui heme 
taolod alter as an indn sliul in 
tranquil, voanmiv and iismkwv- 
aMi- Mirepundnifs and il tome 
jMr luchomr irom nvrr ISn 
umo .10 accompanv luvuiefv 
and imaenaiivrlv cnati'c 
divbrsappcaft io vno. plcaie 
vend crime for our bmtiure. 
He are imnwibHilir 
ten jcaada- 

Meadow House, 
Sea Lane, 
Kilve, Somerset. 
Tel: 027874 546 


WEST KEN r F Oiarmmo lux 1 
Bed apart oneokino Cdn. 
C120pw I nr 675 1896 m. 

WE LET FLATS AND HOUSES. 
Contact Richard or Mirk. Davis 
Woolfe ft Co 402 7581. 

WIDE SELECTION M flats and 
homes lo let In W ft sw areas 
Whnnun Porter 01 994 9446. 
NEGOTIATOR ■ A lop callbrr ex- 
per tone no Lettings Negotiator 
Manager retorted lor Kerning, 
ion llrm. Own car essential 
Salary- pile, commission. Call 
Mr Qurahhi 2«a 7355. 
REGENTS PARK. Superb 2 3 
bedrm. hurt- entertaining recap. 
Ub A< all July (or 2 months. 
Details w T.P 938 9612- 

DELJGMTFUL STUMO FLAT lo 

Iri 2l July 25 August. £50 00 
pw. Ring 8746807. 

KARROOS /HYDE PARK Outei 6 
bed mevw house lor July. Au- 
gust. £600 pw 01-225-1460. 
LOOKING (or itie best flat, du- 
plex. home in London? 
CiOO lOOOpw Call 589 5481 
MARBLE ARCH (I Mews collage 
2 dbic beds £390 pw tel 01 431 
3220 

REGENTS PARK lax. mod. (um. 
studio, overlooking par k. K& B 
Cl 16pw Ol 437 7519. 


New from Pitmqn S 

ExecuUva secrgtanai treming plus mvk exponance al our I 
Wlmbtedor Coitege. Irtchxtes trattwig m word Bnd data ■ 
processing and samtanal skills tor RSA oxaminattons. M 
Approved lodgings avaBabto. For prospectus, please M 

eonracf: B 

Tel: 01-946 1706 I 

Aharyno Road, PrastM '211212 ■ 

UM0ONSW19 7OQ /TIRNNK __W 

■( lUlllWrt By 


OPPORTUNITIES 


A unique opportunity exists for sales psopte to work on 
a consultancy basis tor one of MarbeHa's leading 
hotels. 

Our target is to increase our group, meeting and incen- 
tive business from major European countries, and we 
Bra looking (or sates people who are actively Involved 
in seffing within these specified market segments. 
Further information from: PUBUCHAS SA Apartado 
6080 REF. 213 BARCELONA SPAIN. 



ALSO 

APPEAR ON PAGE 26 


RENTALS 


UPFRIEND 

KENSINGTON Beam turn art 
CMtoafrng sourte lowh pence 
hse 2 oecums efopani teccp. 
modk S b Loctcnace £250 pw 
GDLDERS GREEN Spawns 
»ea lum hse Excfiten! locaiton 
4 batons 3 iwep hi led kiL 
Haiti 2 etc gon fJftS pvt 
BAVSWATER Super mod 
mews use New dec 2 Me 
Qedtms recep hn/dm bath, 
wc pale t*q CI70 pw 
HAMMERSMITH Pratly hsfe 
consavaMn tuea 3 batons, 
recep *4b gdn.gge EiGOpw 

01-498 5334 


Onslow Gardens SW7 

Immac brst door untomshad 2 
bed. 2 t»to (l ensuto} flat axe 
recep. filled W * aS machines. 
Swat> lenace £400 pw 


QUEENSOATE MEWS. SWF. Dft 

hgtrtuf rarw, house with 

garage 3 beds (2D. 1 Si 2 Baths 
il enftuiin * cloakroom. Eteu- 
bk- Rrrcp- Nirctten- au newij- 
deroratod £376 neg. Long Co 
tot Wraw centan Rt«to 
EJdridge al Siundnv of Ken- 
aington on 561 Jte23. 


BELGRAVIA. Driighiluliy rtylwt 
brand new raw house. 2 
r ereps. 2 due petb. 2 baths, tot. 
utility room A oarage. Long Co 
let. 0675 ow. Goddard ft Smith. 
01 930 7321 


SOUTH KENSINGTON- In In lor 

dmfgned 1 bed flat m superior 
building nr luge, m porter and 
video mirance -phone. Co let 
C1SB pw. Goddard & Smun. 
Ol 930 7321 


CALDERVALC RD SW4. A beau- 
nfuity (urn ft dec 4 bed Me. 2 
Mlft 2 »r recep. new kit. 
£250 pw Tel. J.WJJd. 01-949 
2482 

HOLLAND PARK. Attractive Ige 
F r ilai in del hsr in own 
grntW Spur rmv irttworalrt. 
re furnWmL new eoutp 2 dm 
bedv. 1 room, d room. bath. 
III. rol TV CH. HW 0(1 vt Pkg. 
C275 pw. Co let only. Ol 603 
7749 or 0296 748814 
AMERICAN EXECUTIVES Seek 
lux i lab house*. £200 ■ C1000 
p w Lsual Im red Phillips 
Kay ft Lewis. South of Ihr Park. 
CheHea office. Ol 362 81U or 
North of Uie Park. Regent's 
Park office. 01-686 9882. 
BROMLEY COMMON 2 spacious 
lux. newly corn, (urn lets: 2 
bed mats. Clio pw. excl. 1 bed 
flat C90pw. excl. To null prof, 
n s people. Ceniral London 
Tube 17 mins 01^162 1094. be- 
fore 12 00 

HARRMBRSMnH, VW Quirt, wen 
lurnnhed JiaL 5 DWe Bedrm. 
Spacious Drawing Dining 
Room. Kii. Bath. 2xWC- Tele 
phone. T V. CH HW all 
included. UR. Porter £2SOpw 
T«: lOli 741 3617 
ARMERICAN SPECIALISTS are 
eurremiy seeking good ouailiy 
rental arrommodauon In 
central London lor waning 
compan.v- tenants 01-937 9681 
EARLS COURT SW5. In tafeal 
reniral leration ciose to lube 1 
bed dal wild recep. fully lid 
klirhen and baih. entrance 
phone. CH. Cl 26 pw 244 7385. 
REGENTS PARK Fully Fur 
rushed. 25 Lpe. 2 Beds. 200 
. s rds from Park. Cge Porter Co 
Lrt. Available Immediately 
C300 pw Tel. 01-3409371 


ST. BE0R6ES DRIVE 
SWl 

A aRMTMy equipped, targe 
one b 6 * 00 mflat with dining 
room. Avail now lor 2 
months tat £300 pw. 

Pimttco Office: 
01-834 9998 


GOING 

OVERSEAS? 

WEHWEWVnNG 
COMPANY TENANTS 
WANTING TO RENT 
YOUR HOME IN 
CENTRAUSW LONDON 

Buchanans 

Letitegft Manapemem 

01-3517767 


F.W.GAPP tManagemenl Ser- 
\M-esi ud require properties in 
central yoiHh and w-ssi London 
arcus for walling appliranls.OJ ■ 
221 Baja. 

KE HI HHBTPW 8833. Choice ol 2 
new 3 bed tec*.. in yuan dev-el 
opment. allrar dec ft furn. well 
emdpeed- idea) (or city. £170 
UW Tri J W Ud. 01 949 2482 

SWl Prrtu- Hied courtyard en- 
trance lo newly refurb 2 bed 
nai in Laura Ashley style. 
Rixrp. Kit. Saw. porter. 
£ 2 O 0 pw Cortes B28 8251. 

SWISS COTTAGE, do you have 
exrelleni taste? Want spacious. 
well ruled 3 bed. lux appl- am- 
et. ccnlial. good lor transport? 
For £200 pw Tri 01 431 1263 


WEST ENO. Luxury flat 2recs.4 
bedims. Short Long. From 
UOOnw Raven 01 491 7646. , 


WC1 Superior Flau. 1 ft 2 Beds. 
£asv- Parking. Magnlllclenl 
Views Over Georgian Square 
02010 £160 pw 01278 6802 
or 0660319546 
AVAILABLE MOW Luxury nab ft 
houses. Chelsea. kTngnubridor. 
Belgravia C200-C2.000pw 
Tel: Burgess 5B1 6136 
BEHR • BUTCHOFF for luxurv 
properties in Si Johns wood. Re 
im 6 Pari., (v tarda vale. Swiss 
Coil ft Hampstead 01 586 7661 
CHELSEA. Lovely flat- Large 
recep. dbi bedroom, kuchen. 
bathroom, pailo. CH. Cl 80 pw 
Inc Tri. 01 361 3670 
DOCKLANDS. Houses and fiats 
throughout Ihe docklands area 
lo tef Docklands Property Cm- 
Ire. Ol -188 4862 
HAMPSTEAD Lux BrMhl 2 
bedrm nal. 20 r Inge, k din. all 
appuanccs. Co. Lei. Ol 486 
1433 

H*SMmi /FULHAM. Immac 5 
bed 1 err ter 2 creeps. KftB. on 
vale gdn. Co In C34& pw. Tri 
581 8156 day 741 0263 evm. ' 
RESENTS PARK Harter House 
Lnfurn 4 Beds. 2 Baths. 2 
Nerepb Cloakroom. L um v 
Room. KH Rent £l0730pa 
Lease CftC Tor sale 499 9981 
or Eves 870 4703 
REGENTS PARK. 1 beg lux flat 
CHW. CH. porter, rlr Cl 40 pw 
■inn. 638 6000 ml 882B >das > 
435 29o9 icvesl. 


BROMFTON PARK, SW6 

Sopertjly fitted and funuslwO 

2 bed apa in modern buftJ- 

. - ~ . . ■ - 


vm swtemrrinB 
osa rro. pan 
Mimed. Co. let 
£245 pw. 


KINGSTON VALE 

Large house arranged on 2 
i doors in attractive area. 
Comprises 3 dm*to be* 
rooms and 2 single. 3 
reception rooms. 2 large 
bathrooms. Wtehan I break- 
fast room, cloakroom and 
utRty area. Gas central heat- 
fnx Double garage. Lvsp 
w efl maintained garden (ft 
acre). £550J» per vnek In- 
dudmg gardener. 

Tel 01-549 9569 or 
946 3535. 


For the best 
selection of One 

PLATS & HOUSES 
TO RENT 

in prime London areas. ' 

Contact RoMflMijr Hesrthur. 


LITTLE VENICE W9 Newly deco 
rdicd I bed (lrt ckw lo All 
anicntim. SiM Co lrt C 123 pw 
01 286 0905 

SLOAHE SQUARE Compart mod 
mi nai Sin floor UiL CH 
Good Ourlook Sludm. KftB 
C125pu Birch ft Co 734 7432 


EDGEWARE Tv%o 4 Bed 2 Bain 
lu\ hauw CnC H Cdn Tri 
C2SO 300PW 794 o 702 'Tl 


B37 9681 The number ro remem 

brr ivnm seeking br*i iroloj 

DiopnlKN in reniral and prime 
London area* Cl 50 / C2.000pw 
VISITING LONDON? Allen Bate* 
ft CO have a large selerlMn of 
dais ft houses available lor i 
Vvrek Irom £125pv* 499 1665 
Wl EJeganl 2 Bed fUl lit prrslitie 
Mori. vylfh air sen ires 
C300DW Allen Bales ft Co 01 
499 1666. 

WANTED TO LET. 3 bdrm 
hve apt. N. London. Con tar i. 
Holden. 71 Bentee Dr. Will 
lamuown M A. 01267. LSA 

ACADEMICS VlsrnNG. rials nr 
L nivefsib ft Bnt Museum Hei 
en vvatvon ft Co 580 0276 
CMELSEA Ught lux balcony tlai 
DWe bed. recep. lifts porters 
£195 pw Long Iri 622 5826 
DELIGHTFUL 2 room paleonv 
flat overlooking Monlagu Sq. 
fcs'l E22S pw Ol 936 3393. 


GENERAL 

APPOINTMENTS 


THREE TRAINEE manager* fr 
uuin-d £7.000 neg regulrted 
raniing srnnne Probable 1st 
veat earnings El 2.000 Ring 
Ol 222 8872 



We have excellent opportunities and good long- 
term prospects for able young solicitors with 
personality who are prepared to use their initiative 
and take responsibility. We are looking for solicitors 
with preferably at least 2 years relevant experience 
after qualification in the following areas. 

CORPORATE AND 
GENERAL COMMERCIAL 

We are involved in a wide and often unusual 
variety of work for listed and other corporate 
clients, often with an international flavour You may 
also have the opportunity to work in our associated 
Hong Kong firm, Stephenson Harwood & Lo. 

TAX 

We handle a wide range of corporate and other 
tax work with the emphasis on tax planning. 

EMPLOYMENT 

The work, both contentious and non- 
contentious, covers the broad range of employment 
problems associated with active corporate clients. 

Please write in confidence with a JuU curriculum vitae to: 

John Jeffrey, 

Stephenson Harwood, 

Saddlers* Had, Gutter Lane, Cheapside, 

London EC2V 6BS. 




•w: . 


Too many vacancies to list . . * . 



IBM System 34 or 36 £8,000 to £16,000 

OiiicurTracb^t^olIeraaY.id&sdeciaffofcaegfopporttinitie&fofjnwRPG 
II or COBOL Stans gawd on Die Sjsffim 34 or 36 Gwernq We Bhnte range ol 
WRcahonseg Bankng tfarmtsOiETig and Conaitaoqt Vfe also several 
L'benls Curranty lurew-g !BM Sjsteni 3fl rdraEi APB ll/COBOL sUb 


IBM System 38/IM £8,000 to £18,O0O+B««fits 


iTirii « tidfr s 6 ntomhseippftencetDsemof terete 7h£pK*«sawilJlHfiBWf 
a sftd? range ol a£<ii»caittfis ndurietg Bankaiq intri suhsiffrsed roorfga^t and 

Brotoog inpxQHraumKjntieBlG BANS' ^opporiimes^coittlDsi^ 


WfliinCoftsuiuflcv upioSaawC6is«m rttnoaHs«e^wflawud 
jrt ssnfly af ^ppiKJ’fflns mi tea carpus offer zm pweswn w 
sj-siftiu auafyE'S amf design ftSUaswIHweK 

SYSTEMS HOUSES n0,800to£25JM 

.vp’tirf ko n js prt «' 2 met- 3*0 -"•» rai 2 njty Usfl'Cfcaa conun ka 
isssOM: WSi' U)> Pa piupfe Ths rnffb-'i>ufflfSiJutffiin^£3niHTnatytTBtn nsota 
mitt vMis m'K dut a wan sneewg {poc noama e»tb 12-tt months 
twees 3/3 h o- «5ai An,- eqwience ipKtoElHy j amsiawini of 
COBGL PL-l ASSE0SL3 RPGII<5:ltl ^iv«ftySCT^OntfterOfnifctg£3nQeo{ 
xjMEf-ws w w*® esatfsifli 

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18 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 



COURT 


AND 

SOCIAL 


COURT 

CIRCULAR 


Mrs Michael Harvey was in 
attendance. 


BUCKINGHAM PALACE 
June 30: The Prince Edward this 
morning opened the Peter- 
borough Extension of the Nene 
Valley Railway and afterwards 
attended a luncheon given by 
the Peterborough City Council 
at the Town Hall. 

His Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by Her Majesty's Lord- 
Lieutenant for Cambridgeshire 
(Mr Michael Bevan)., 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 
KENSINGTON PALACE 
June 30: The Prince of Wales 
this evening attended a Recep- 
tion to launch SANE (Schizo- 
phrenia National Emergency) 
on behalf of the Schizophrenia 

Appeal Charity, at Aubrey 
House. Aubrey Walk. W 8 . 

Sir John Riddell. Bt, was in 
attendance. 

The Princess of Wales this 
evening attended a Reception in 
aid of the Dance Teachers 
Benevolent Fund at the Sum- 
mer Exhibition of the Royal 
Academy of. Arts. Piccadilly. 
Wl 

Mrs Max. Pike and Lieuten- 
ant-Commander Richard 
Aylard. RN. were in attendance. 
KENSINGTON PALACE 
June 30: Princess Alice. Duchess 
of Gloucester, today visited the 
Royal Agricultural Society of 
England Show at Stoneleigh. 
Warwickshire. 

Her Royal Highensss trav- 
elled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight. 


Princess Anne will attend a polo 
match at Cirencester Park Poto 
Cub on July 6 and present- the 
cup to the winning team. 


The Princess of Wales celebrates 
her birthday today. 


A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Sir Malcolm Wilcox will 
be held at St Michael's. ComhilL 
at noon today. 


Birthdays today . 

Sir Max Bern rose. 82; Sir Alan 

Campbell. 67; Miss Leslie 
Caron, 55; Miss Olivia de 
Ha vi I land. 70: Lady Faulkner of 

Downpatrick. 61: Lord 
Gisborough. 59: Mr Hans Wer- 
ner Henze, 60; Air Chief Mar- 
shal Sir Anthony Heward, 68 ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John 
Hugo. 87; Lord Irving of 
Dartford. 68 : Sir Joseph 
Latham. SI; Viscount 
Leverhulme, 71; Sir Kenneth 
Lewis. MP. 70; Miss Jean 
Marsh. 52; General Sir Thomas 
Pearson. 72; Miss Joan Sadler, 
59: Mr Peter Walwyn. 53; the 
Very Rev Alan Webster. 68 . 


Meeting 

Royal Overseas League 
Dr D. C. O. James, medical 
director. Anthony Nolan Lab- 
oratories. was the guest speaker 
at a meeting of the Discussion 
Circle of the Royal Overseas 
League held at Over-Seas 
House, St James’s, yesterday 
evening. Captain W. J. Law 
presided. 


Savoy Hotel 
Wedding Ball 

A small number of tickets are 
still available for the Royal 
Wedding Ball at the Savoy Hotel 
on Wednesday, July 23, in 
honour of the marriage of Prince 
Andrew and Miss Sarah Fer- 
guson. The Savoy Hotel is 
happy to announce that part of 
the proceeds for the evening win 
be donated to the Royal Jubilee 
Trusts. 

The cabaret will be performed 
by the Coldstream Guards 
Marching Display Band and the 
Pasadena Roof Orchestra and 
Ray Fernandes Sound will play 
for dancing from 9 p.m. until 
1.30 a.m. 

Tickets are £85 each. Further 
information is available from 
the Savoy Hotel Royal Wedding 
Office. PO Box 189. Strand, 
London. WC2R OEU. Tele- 
phone: 01-836 4343 extension 
2221. 


Luncheons 

HM Government 
Mr Paul Channon, Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
was host at a luncheon held 
yesterday at the Queen Eliza- 
beth II Conference Centre to 
mark the Eureka Ministerial 
Conference. 

RAF Administrative Brandi 
The Master of the Company of 
Chartered Secretaries and 
Administrators. MrLR. Croy- 
don. accompanied by the Junior 
Warden, was received by Air 
Commodore M.G.Tomkins at a 
luncheon of the RAF Admin- 
isuauve Branch held at RAF 
Uxbridge yesterday. Earlier. 
Letters of Association between 
the company and the branch 
were exchanged. The President 
of the Institute of Chartered 


Secretaries and Administrators 
also attended. 

London Europe Society 
Mrs Lynda Chalker, MP, was 
the guest speaker at a luncheon 
of the London Europe Society 
held yesterday at St Ermin’s 
Hotel. Mr Derek Prag, MEP, 
chairman, presided. 

Dinners 

HM Government 
Sir Geoffrey Howe. QC Sec- 
retary of State for Foreign , and 
Commonwealth Affairs, was 
host at a dinner held yesterday 
at Lancaster House in honour of 
Dr Abdellatif Filali, Foreign 
Minister of Morocco. 
Inter-Parliamentary Union 
Mr David Crouch, MP, Chair- 
man of the British Group of the 
-Inter-Parliamentary Union, was 
host at a dinner held last night at 
the Athenaeum Hotel m honour 
of a parliamentary delegation 
from Czechoslovakia, led by 
Academician Bedricb Svestka. 
British Wildlife Appeal 
Sir Christopher and Lady Lever 

S ve a dinner at Newell House, 
rkshire. on June 27 for The 
Royal Society for Nature 
Conservation’s British Wildlife 
Appeal. The speakers were the 
chairman. Sir David 
Attenborough, and Mr Robert 
Hardy. 


Mr Peter Dawson is general 
secretary of the Professional 
Association of Teachers, not of 
the national Parent-Teacher 
Association as implied in our 
list of O B Es on June 14. 


Correction 

The names of Deborah Turner 
and Harriet J. B. Vemon-Pany 
were omitted from the Honours 
Maths Class 2, Division 1 of the 
Durham University degree re- 
sults published yesterday. 


Forthcoming marriages 


DrBJ. WaiDwrifcht 
and Dr CJE. Roberts 
The engagement is announced 
between Brandon John, son of 
Mr and Mrs D.M. Wainwrighu 
of Adelaide. Australia, and 


David and Lady 
Sutton Saint 
Herefordshire. 


daugh 
y Roi 


Mr A. J. Bateson - lieutenant CJHUIt Bensw 

and Mrs 1. P. Austin and Miss NJL Frenis 

The engagement is announced The marriage took place on 
between Alec John Bateson, of Saiurday. June '28. at St 
Knebworth, Hertfordshire, bus- , Andrew’s Church. Prestwold, of 
band of the late Barbara Lieutenant Harry Benson. RN. 


oberts, of 
Nicholas, 


Bateson, and Isabel Phillippa 
Austin (nfe Sbarwood). of 
Cod/cote, Hertfordshire, widow 
of Douglas J. R. Austin. 


Mr JJVf. Burroughs 
and Miss J. Arrant 
The engagement is announced 


Mr CD. Auer 
and Miss J. D. Onby 
The engagement is announced 
between Christoph, eldest son of 
Mr Ernst Auer and the late Mrs 
Auer, of Bad Godesberg, West 
Germany, and Jane.-. eldest 
daughter of Mr Henry Digby, of 
5 Carl ion .House Terrace, Lon- 
don, and Mrs Richard Fielding, 
Of West Hail, ■ Longburton. 
Dorset. 

Mr A, Reese 
and Miss M- K31ery 
The engagement is announced 
between Alexander, son of Mr 
and Mrs Willis Reese, of New - 
York, United States, and Ma- 
rina, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Patrick Killery, of 3S 
Addison Road, London, W14. 


eldest' son' of Mr Charles Bat- 
son. of Trevor Square. London, 
and of Mrs James Guise; of 
Sherston. Wiltshire, and Miss 
Kate Frears. second daughter of 
Mr and. Mis. John' Frears, of 
Thrussington. Leicestershire. 
The Right' Rev -Johii Mort 


between Jonathan Burroughs, of ‘Sf ■ - Mort 

Harston. Cambridge. andJo- officiated, .assisted by Canon 
anne Arinitt, of Woodride Park, Lrate. . . 


London. 

Mr R-JJL Guidry 
and Mbs SLE. Ross 
The engagement is announced 
between Roger, son of Mr and 
Mrs A.L.V. Gundiy, of Bum- 
side, Epsom, and Susan, daugh- 
ter of Mrs Dorothy Ross.' anaof 
the late Mr N.R. Ross, of 
Bhalgair, Milngavje. ' 


Mr R. J. Haycocks 
and Mbs M. A. Kington 
The marriage took place' on 


The bride, who was given in 
.marriage by. .her., father, .was 
attended by Miss . Louise 
Skiryijig, Ruih .Guise, . Honor 
Benson, Lucy and Joanna Verey 
and Nina and Harriet Young. 
The Hon Piers Butler was best 
man. 

A reception was' bdd at 
Rrestwold HalL by permission 
of Mr Simon. Packe-Drury- 
Lowc, and -the honeymoon will 
be spent abroad. - 

Mr D JR. Odder 
and Mrs JJ. Lambert 


Mr SD. Scott 
and Mbs JA. Kirk 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, son of Mr and 
Mrs David Scott, of Hamage 
Grange, Shropshire, and Jessica, 
daughter of Major and Mrs J.O. 
Kirk, of Kirklington, Bedale. 
Yorkshire. 

Mr GX. Stevens 
and Miss SX. Edward 
The engagement is announced 
between Geoffrey, son of the 
late Commander H.G.C. -Ste- 
vens and Mrs J.M. Stevens, of 
West Wbilnole, Stoodleigh, 
Devon, and Sophia, daughter of 
Lieutenant Commander and 
Mrs R.W. Edward, of Netherton 
House. Marston Magna, 
Somerset. 


Monday; June 30. 1986. * ? 

Bromley. Kent, of Mr Richard SffiSSfe-jfe J 
and Miss Myra 


Haycocks 

Kingliom- 


Mr R. Hcdderwick 
and Mrs M.WJt BeD 
The marriage took place at 
Leafteld, quietly on June 21, 
1986, between Mr Ralph 
Hcdderwick and Mrs Patricia 
Bell, widow of Major M.WJi. 
Bell, now both of Hill Farm, 
Leaffeld. Oxford. 


Mr RJ. House 
and Mbs L. Ralto VIDares 
The marriage took place on June 
21. at St Leonard's Church, 
Bui ford, Salisbury, of Mr Rich- 
ard House and Miss Lucia Ratio 
Villares. 


Woking Register Office, Surrey, 
between Mr David Colder, of 
“Rustings”, Madeira . Road, 
West Byfleet, Surrey; and -Mrs 
Jean Lambert, of Durban, South 
Africa. 

Mje-SA. Gabon - - 
and Mbs M.C. Coady 
The marriage took place on June 
21 between Mr Simon Alexan- 
der Gallon, youngest son of 
Professor and Mrs D. Gabon, 
and Miss Mary Clare Coady, 
eldest daughter of Mrs Sybil 
Coady and the laie Dr A. Coady. 


The mar 


announced be- 


irriage 

tween Mr Christopher Asiley- 


Sparke and Miss Penelope 
Sm allbone will not take place. 


The Sky at Night 


Mercury will, reach 
conjunction on the 23rd and is 
not likely to be seen this month. 

Venus dominates the western 
sky for some time after sunset. 
At magnitude -4.1 it greatly 
outshines the neighbouring 


By Our Astronomy Correspondent 
inferior 


Regulus (1-34 if visible in the 
viligh 


twilight) which it will pass on 
the 11th. Moon a liule to the. 
north of it on the 10 th. 


Mars now rises about sunset 
and will be above the horizon 
during all the dark hours. It b 
retrograding in Sagittarius and 
will reach opposition on the. 
10 th; at its brightest (- 2 . 6 ) and 
nearest to the Earth (60.4 mil- 
lion km or 373 million miles) 
on the 16th. Moon near it on the 
20 th. 

Jupiter rises at 23h at the 


yflwwwm 



JCUTM-HCWIlO* 


The diagram shows the bright 
tudt of Loud; " 


. sun that will b<- above the horizon In me laU- 

ndonat 23h III pm) a« the beginning. 22h <10 pm) in the middle, and 

21h <9 pm) at the end of the month, local mean time. At places away from the 
Greenwich meridian the Greenwich Umes at which the diagram applies are later 
than the above by one hour for each XS deg west of Greenwich and earlier by a 


like amount if U>e place be east- The map should be turned so that the horizon 
facing (shown by the words around the circle) Is at (he bottom. 

>. Greenwich Mean Time, known to astronomers as 


the observer Is fading (shown 

the zenith being at the centre. 

Universal Time and expressed In 24-twur notation, b used In the accompanying 
notes unless otherwise staled. 


Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 


BWTHS, HAHOttES, 
DEATHS md ■ KMOflfAM . 
£4 ■ be + 1SFVAT 

(minimum 3 lutes) 


Announcements. mhcnticaied by the 
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Announcements can be received 


telephone between d.OOam 
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paNiauoa. 


For m many arc led by the Spoil of Cod, 
Ikw are l hr inn of God 
Roman* 8 . Id 


BIRTHS 


ACANOfiLU On 27tfi June at Queen 
Mary's. Rochampion to Carhw 
Nicole (nee- Brurtsdon Freeman 
Thomas] and Aslan, a daughter. 
Le yla Gnbert e 

BICKERS it lit On 29th June. 1936 
in Sydney to Carolyn (nee 
Longtiurati and Piers, a daughter. 
Harriet Louise 

CARLIMG On June28thai St. David's 
Hospital. Cardiff. to. Lowri (nee ap 
Robert) and Philip, a son. Robert 
George -■ - 

COHEN On June 26lli lo peter Rich- 
ard and Maryann fnie Gascoigne), a 
son. Adam MictiaeL' a* brother for 
Sophie 

COOK On June 29th. to Shevaun and 
Roy a son Frederick Henry Edward. 
AD w et) 

COULDREY On June 3ora la Helen 
((lie Esmond*) and Robert, a daugh- 
ter Annabel Mary 

FAIRFAX OF CAMERON On 27th 
June at St Mary’s- Paddington, to 
Annabel and Nicholas, a son. 

HARDING on 28th June 1986. at the 
Pembury hospital, to Emma (nOe 
Dumrnlt) and Richard a daughter 

HAYWOOD On 280i June at the West 
London Hospital lo Josephine mfe 
Morrison) and David, a son. lain 
Galium Morrison. 

HOLLOWAY On June 29th al St. 
Thomas' Hospital to Enmu and Ju- 
lian. a son 

HYDE On 17th June to Loretta mce 
Poll) and John, their first child, a 
son. Stephen PHer 

KURLAND on 26 lft June 1986. to Mi- 
chele and Philip, a son. Matlhew 

LE BRUM On 24th June, at home, to - 
Charlotte (nee. verity) and Christo- 
pher a stster for Luke 

HACURENDOW On 28th June to 
Tiffany inee Daneff) and Malcolm, a 
son 

CHWSM Oh Monday 30Ui June, to Su- 
sie and Roger a daughter. Louise 
MeNora 


on June 27th at Luton and 
Dunsiaoie HospuaL to Julie into 
Ehmiand ooug.ason Ashlesr and a 
dgpgtitrr Niroto 


On 21st June to 
Cain ona and David- .a daughter. 
Catharine. Ann MacGregor, a sister 
for Flora. 


SMITH - On Saturday; 28th June to 
Barbara and Bradley, a son. Jason 
Javier 

THOMSON On June 29th bi Munster 
to Joanna (nee Oorson) and Bernard, 
a son Henry a Clair. 

TOWNEND On 28th June, to HUary 
inee Lewis) and David, a daughter 
Hannah Catherine. 

*0005 - on 21st June to Rosemary 
<n*e Hanna) and DavML a son. An- 
drew Richard. 


MARRIAGES 


JENKMSc HOWELLS - On 14th June 
at Maimanl Woog Farm. w. Trans- 
vaal. South Africa. David Evan, 
eldest son of Mr and Mrs W. D. Jen- 
kins. Troedyrhlw io Rachel Janet 
Wynne, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs D. G. Howells. LUureOL 


MH J. D. MOFFAT: BOSS C. J. SAWLE 

The marriage look place on Satur- 
day. June 28th at SL Mary the 
virgin. Hambleden of Mr Jonathan 
MofCaL son of Mr Ivan MofTal and 
the Hon. Mrs -Townend and Miss 
Carmel Joan Sawie. daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Lawrence Sawie of Perm. 
Western Australia- The bride was 
given tn marriage by Jkt brother. Mr 
Mark Sawie and was attended, by 
Miss Maryan ne Sawie. Miss Claire 
Smith and Ml» Emily Smith. The re- 
ception was held at Ihe Manor 
House. Hambleden and the honey- 
’ moon win be spent abroad. 


DEATHS 


ACATDS On Sunday. June 29th. 
peacefully at her home In Guernsey 
after a long Illness courageously 
borne without compiainL Marlon, 
beloved wife of the late Peter and 
dear mother of Celia. A brave and 
spirited lady, she win be greatly 
mused by al] her family and devoted 
( rlends Funeral at Foulon Cremato- 
rium and Chapel. SL Peter Port. 
Guernsey al 2.00 pm on Thursday. 
July 3rd. Flowers to MarteL Brock 
Road. SL .Sampsons. Guernsey. 
Channel islands. 

AINLEY Martin Alfred dearly loved 
husband of Susan, of East House 
Farm. Meahigg. Aspatrta. Cumbria. 
Passed away 28th of June while 
walk ing -on the Cumbrian Fells. 

■IWWH - On June 27th. one week af- 
ter Ms 9dth birthday, peacefully al 
Dow*. John (Jack) Brown, widower 

..of Molly and a much loved father, 
father-in-law, grandfather and great 
grandfather 

CHA WHFRI I U M Elizabeth. <nfe Ed- 
wards). Dearly loved wife of Arthur, 
peacefully in her sleep, » Spring Cot- 
48 Wellington Road. 
Birmingham on June 26 Ul Crema- 
tion private. 

®KA*»OttAlN on June 28Ui, 
peacefully al home. Helen Chamber- 
lain (nte wigan). Funeral. Mon lake 
Crematorium. 12 noon. Friday July 
4th. 

CHARLTON Vera On June 28th of 
Unnete, Hexham. Beloved wife of 
Roy and loving mother of Mary. Rob- 
ert and Astrtd. 

CONSTAHTMDt Oh June 29 th at 

. home, with inspiring courage. Susan- 
na aged 3I. adored wife of Antony, 
dearest mother of Emily and Chkw. 

only daughter of Joanna and Alesn- 

der Ritchie and staler of Charles and 
Andrew Funeral private. No nowen 
please. Donations to Cancer Relief. 
MacMillan Fund. Service of Thanks- 
givl ng lat er 

DE BUTTS Brenda Dobree - Peacefully 
on 29ih June m Netwn. New Zea- 
land in her 90th year after a short 
illness. Beloved aunt of Jean Fifoot 
and James Thaln and friend of many 
in her adopted onintrx. 


DOUGLASS - On 29th June, peacefully 
In Ross. Gwen, formerly of Tltley. 
Herefordshire. Private uauatlon. 


HARRISON • Suddenly in Oxford on 
28lh June In hb 86 U 1 year. Frank 
Edward Harrison. Requiem Mass at 
Oxford University CathoBc Chaplain- 
- cy on Thursday 3rd July at 2. 15 pm. 


HERRERA George - On June 27th. 
peacefully al Brompton Hospital, af 
ter- a long Illness bravely borne. 
George, loving and dearly loved hus- 
band of Margaret Funeral. Friday. 
July 4th al 2^0 pm al Randalls Park 
Crematoria. Lealherhead. Family 
(towers only. Donations. IT desired, 
lo Professor McElwalne. Royal 
Marsden Hospital. Sutton. Surrey. 
MLLE - Ray. On Sunday 29th June, af 
home. She will be deeply mourned 
and sadly missed by her two daugh- 
ters and all her family. 

HOARE - On Saturday. June 28th. 
peacefully. Joyce Aylwyne UoX Be- 
loved wife of Canon Kenneth G. 
Hoare of WaUOngstead. Godslone. 
Surrey. Funeral at St. Nicholas 
Church. Godstone on Thursday. July 
3rd al 2.30 pm. Family garden now- 
era. only please. Donations to 
Harestone Nursing Home. Caterham 
CR3 6YQ. 

LEE (nf* Greene) - On June 27th. 

. peacefully . at SL Leonard's Hospice. 
York after a long tUness. PhytHs 

- Nora Lee. MA 'fLS. London JJ>. 

. .Widow of Eustace Ronald Lee. dear- 
ly loved roodier of PaL Daphne and 
Robert, also a loving gr a n dm other . 
Funeral Service and Intament at 
Acaster MaBds Parish Church. York 
on Thursday. July 3rd at 3.00 pm. 
Flowers lo J. Rymer Funeral Ser- 
vice. 15 & 17 Penfcey“S Grove StreeL 
York dr donations lo SL Leonard’s 
Hospice. York. • 

•ULLETT. Stephen Caldwell. On May 
21 1985. al Rhode Island HospitaL 
Providence. Rhode Island. Stephen 
CaUtwelL of Poppasquash Road. 
Bristol. Rhode island, aged 79. son of 
the late Stephen Caldwell MtUett of 
New York and the late Mrs Thalia 
WestcoU Malcolm, sometime of Rake 
Manor. Milford. Surrey: husband of 
the late Martha Rockwell MUletL ra- 
ther of Stephen Cantwell Mined Jr., 
of Bristol. Rhode Island: and brother 
of Richard CMUtett. New York City 
and Mrs Thalia Gage and Mrs Eliza- 
beth de VUmortru both of France. 
MORLEY EVANS On 28th June. Nan- 
cy. peacefully at St Mary Abbots 
Hospital; Funeral private. 
MUGUSTON - On June 28th. suddenly 
ai home in Los c ombe. Bridpon. Dor- 
set. Barbara, greatly loved wife of 
Major Peter Mugbsuxi. mother of JIU 
and Terence and grandmother of 
Piers. Lube. Gtsdte and Victoria. Re- 
quiem Mass at 10.30 am..Thi*sday. 
July 3rd at SI- John's. Beamlnster, 
followed by private family burial. All 
enquiries to A. C. Down LUL 
Bridpon 22643. 

NOTCUTT-OKEN - On June 28th. 

- 1986 peacefully at home In 
Guildford. Ena Ruth (Mottle). Funer- 
al. Guildford Crematorium. 12 noon. 
Friday July 4th. No flowers please. 
Donations. If desired, to Dorset Trust 
for Nature Conservation. Dorchester. 

PACE Francis Thomas (Frank) of 
Buckden. Huntingdon on 25th June. 
1986. Braiher of John. Joan and 
.Edith. Private cremation. No 
flowers. 


POND -On 29th June. 1986 . Desmond 
Arthur Pond. Knight: MA. M.D. 
(Cantab >. M-D- (Duke. N.C.L 

fj? C.P- P-p.ft.G. Psych.. Hon- 
F.R-COP-. aged 66. Of Weieombe. 
Bridford. Exeter EX6 7JA. Fonnwly 

Professor of Pv*auatiy. The London 

Hospllal Medical College, and Chief 
Scientist. D.H5S Dearly loved hus- 
band of Helen and father of Cardine. 
Mary and Cetia. Funeral. SL 
Necian's Church. Wdcombe nr 
BUefont. N. Dnt) n. 1 f.30 ant Fri- 
day. 4th July. Memorial Service in 
London later. No Dowers- but dona- 
tions to British Epilepsy Research 
Foundation. New Wokingham Rd. 
Wokingham. Berks RGll SAY 


POWER Audsley Knowles of Syston. 
Grantham. Lines - -On 27Ut June 'In 
her 70lh year, peacefully after 
short Illness. Beloved and caring wife 
of Norman Hickey, mother of Char- 
lone. Madeleine and Justin, 
grandmother of Hemy and Roberta- 
Funeral at Syston Church. Thurs- 
day. 3rd July. Family flowers only 
please. Donations for ChesL Heart 

. and Stroke Association to be directed 
lo David Holland & Son. Funeral Di- 
rectors. London Road. Grantham. 

RAWLINGS - On June 27th. 1986. 
very peacefully at home. Hilda Julia 
of Squirrels Leap. Branksoroe Park. 
Poole. Dorset and formerly of Wim- 
bledon. Dearly loved wife of the late 
William Rawlings, and one who win 
be remembered with great affection 
by her many friends, particularly In 
the world of music. Funeral Service 
tomorrow. Wednesday. July 2nd at 
12.30 pm at Bournemouth Cremato- 
rium. Flowers, which she greatly 
loved, may be sent to Deric-ScotL 
Portman Lodge Funeral Home. 756 
Christchurch Road. Boscombe. 
Bournemouth. teL 0208-34311. 

RYDER - On 29Ui June, suddenly at 
sea. Captain Robert Edward Dudley 
Ryder. VC. Royal Navy frefd). 
Much loved and loving husband, fa- 
ther and grandfather. Funeral 
private. Enquiries lo Camp Hopson. 
Newbury. Family flowers only. Do- 
nations. If destred. to the R-N.LI. 

SILVER On 28th June 1986. {sudden- 
ly) James Clifford, eldest son of the 
late currant and Gladys Silver of Ex- 
eter. Brother of Philip. Christopher 
and David and long time friend of the 
Moral Rearmament Movement of 
Tliiey. Cheshire. Enoulries lo Messrs 
John G Ashton & Co. Altrincham. 
Tel 061 928 7816. 

WALLER - Eva. M-B- M.R.C Psych. 
On 28th June at home, most dearly 
loved wife of John Sawie Thomas. 
An Irreparable loss to all who knew 

and loved her. Funeral service on 
Thursday July 3rd at 12 noon at SL 
Mary's ChapeL ChesU House. No 
flowers by request. Donations If de- 
sired to Age Concern. Enquiries to 
John steel and Son. Winchester 
63195 

SAWLE THOMAS - see Waller. 

WHITTAKER □. T. p . 'Dizzy' - Sud- 
denly in Hamburg oa 23rd June. 

WILLIS ■ On June 27lh. 1986. peace- 
fully in hospital. Irene, dearly loved 
wife of Ronald and mother of John 
and Richard. Funeral Service at 2. 15 
pm. Friday. July 4th ai Christ 
Church. Watenten Road. Guildford. 
Family flowers only but donations 
for Marie Curie Memorial Founda- 
tion may be sent c/o Ptrmtw Funeral 
Services.' Charters. Mary Road. 
GuUdford. 

WILSON • On 27th June, peacefully In 
hospllal. Joan, dearly loved wife .or 
Dr. Harry Wilson, mother of JIH and 
Mark, and grandmother or Carolyn. 
Funeral at Klngsdown Crematorium. 
Swindon. Thursday 3rd July at 130 
pm. Family llowen only. Donations 
If desired to World Wildlife Fund. 


■MEMORIAL services 


PARKE5 Roberta Oonagh Petne (net 
Oww) A Memorial Service for Ro- 
berta will be held at the Parish 
Church of SI. Luke. Sydney StrcoL 
London SW3 on Monday. July 14th 
al 12 noon. All her relatives and 
friends are most welcome. All enq to- 
nes 01-727 91 IR 


IN MEMORIAM - WAR 


PTE WILLIAM MeKEOWN (4lh 
Tyneside Irish) K.1.A- on the Somme. 
1 st July 1916- Remembered on this 
day by Ms grandson. Bob. . 


IN MEMORIAM - PRIVATE 


MAYHEW Kenneth Rowland 1st July 
1983 Rememberer*, at 


atwsw 


beginning of the month and wfl] 
be prominent in ibe eastern sky, 
much the same brightness as 
Mars. Moon near it on the night 
24-25th. . . 

Saturn is. still available to 
evening observers but will have 
set before midnight by the end 
of the month. Moon near it oa 
the 17th. 

- Uranus is observable (with 
binoculars) in the evenings up to 
about Olh. 

Neptune is also in the evening 
sky. until about 02 h. 

The Moon: new. 7d05h; first 
quarter, 14d20h; foil, 2ldllh; 
last quarter, 28dl6h. 

The Earth will be at aphelion 
on the '5th. This is the 6 oint in 
its orbit most distant from the 
Sun, 152 million km (92.4 
million miles}, and the Sun will 
have its smallest angular 
diameter. 

The reason for the difference 
is. of course, that the orbit is not 
circular but an ellipse. The 
eccentricity is quite small so the 
apparent size of the Sun does 
not change much; since peri- 
helion 4n January it has de- 
creased' by about 3 per cent. 

The same effect applies to the 
Moon, though with a monthly 
cycle instead of an annual one 
and a laiger eccentricity. The 
Moon will be at apogee, its 
farthest, on the 4th; 'fry perigee 
on the 1 9th its apparent diam- 
eter will have increased by 12 
per cent. 

Apogee will occur once again 
on the 3 Isl The full moon on 
the 21 st will therefore be a bright 
one. When it rises near 21h it 
will probably look enormous, 
but don't be misled; in addition 

to the genuine larger size there is 

also the common optical illu- 
sion which makes the Moon or 
Sun look large when, close to the 

horizon. 


Astronomical twilight Lasts all 
of the 


night for most of the month, 
though in the south there will be 
an hour or so of uo twilight 
during the last week, but bright 
moonlight instead. The August 
meteor shower,' the Peisdds, 
begins about July 23rd, but the 
aforementioned conditions 
make it unlikely that any will be 
seen. 

For such short night as we get 
the current star map is readily 
applicable to begin with, 
remembering as mentioned last 
month that the stars revolve 
about Polaris anticlockwise as 
time goes on. 

By the end Leo and Spica, two 
members of the "Spring 
Triangle", will be setting when 
the sky is dark enough to show 
them, and the "Summer 
Triangle" of V ega , Deneb and 
Altair will be high in the south. 

Hercules is near zenith and is 
normally regarded as being up- 
side down to northern observ- 
ers, another consequence of 
precession mentioned last 
month. It- is an ancient 
constellation seen upright to its 
inventors long ago, as a kneeling 
figure. 

If the grass is dry, lie on your 
back with your feet to the north 
and you can see the kneeling 
figure. The star nearest to 
Ophiuchus is Alpha, 3rd mag- 
nitude, and indicates the head. 
One leg is bent with the knee on 
the ground and the other with a 
grounded foot. One arm is 
outstretched' in the direction of 
Altair. Alpha is a double star 
separable with a three-inch 
telescope. 

Between the two stars nearest 
to the C of Cbrona on our map 
there is a famous globular 
duster, but it is not easy, though 
possible, to find even with 
binoculars. If you have taken 
your binoculars out sit up m 
your chair and turn them on 
Coma, Delphinus and Sagittar- 
ius. three pleasing fields of sim. 

The Milky Way is-paruculariy 
bright in the Sagittarius region. 


OBITUARY 


CAPTAIN ROBERT RYDER, VC 

Audacious leadership of the St Nazaire raid 


Wycombe Abbey 
School 

The fortieth anniversary of the 
re-opening of Wycombe Abbey 
School, after its occupation by 
the United States Slh Army Air 
Force, is being celebrated ax a 
reception on Friday. September 
26. at the House of Commons, 
by courtesy of Mr John Stokes. 
MP. for the Wycombe Abbey 
School Seniors who were at the 
re -opening. They, and those 
who were at the closure of the 
school.- are invited to a luncheon 
at the school on Saturday. 
September 27. 

Those who have not received 
an invitation Should write to the 
General Secretary, WASS, Wyc- 
ombe Abbey. High Wycombe. 

RlipL inohn mtliim 


. Captain Robert Ryder, VC. 
who ted the raid on St Nazaire 
on March 28 , 1942, died on 
June 29. at the age -of, 78. ' 

One of the most audacious 
combined operations of 
World War II, the raid .was 
totally successful in its princi- . 
pal objective. This was to 
prevent the port's gigantic - 
Normandie Dock being used 
by the German battleship, 
Tirpiiz, thereby radically lim- 
iting her effectiveness as a 
commerce raider in the 
Atlantic. 

' Five Victoria Crosses were 
-won that day by members of 
the force, who suffered heavy 
casualties, in penetrating ene- 
my defences under saturation 
shell and machine gun fire at 
point blank range. 

Robert Edward Dudley 
“Red" Ryder - the nickname 
coming from the iniiktls of his 
Christian names - was born.on 
February 16, 1908, the son of 
an army officer. He was 
educated at Cheltenham Col- 
lege and entered the Royal 
Navy in 1927. 

His career before the war 
was an unorthodox one. He 
had . volunteered for subma- 
rine service in the Far East 
and then- took a year off-on 
half pay to sail home with four 
brother officers in the 30-ton 
ketch, Tai-Mo-Skan, in 1933- 
34. 

Later he joined the British 
Graham Land Expedition and 
spent the years 1934-37 as 
skipper of the three-masted 
research schooner, PenolaS 
For this he was awarded the 
Polar Medal with Clasp. . 

At the outbreak of war he 
was in the battleship, 
Warspite, but accepted with' 
alacrity an invitation to serve 
in a newly formed force of l Q’- 
shlps. 

As it transpired, the *0* ship 
idea, a hoary ruse from the - 
previous war, was not the 
Admiralty's happiest inspira- 
tion. And Ryder's first com- 
mand, a convened Cardiff ' 
tramp, Willamette Valley ; was 
torpedoed in June; J 940, leav- 
ing him clinging to wreckage 
for four days, before he was’ 
picked out of the water. 

Later he was selected for 
special duties in Combined 
Operations Command as cap- 
tain of a cross-channel ferry 
converted as a troop carrier, 
but she ,too, was sunk, 
rammed in thick fog in the 
Firth of Clyde in July, 1941. 

However, Ryder’s excep- 
tional qualities had not gone 
unnoticed, by naval authority. 



Ryder after recer 
.. VC in July, I! 

Tirpitz, . the most powerful 
surface ship in either the 
German or British navies, was 
using Norway as a base of 
operations. 

But it was feared that she 
would break out into the 
Atlantic : where she might 
wreak havoc : among- Allied 
shipping if only she could be 
sure of using, the Normandie 
Dock at St Nazaire, to make 
good her own battfo damage. 
No other dock on the Atlantic 
Wall was capable of taking 
heri 

It was therefore resolved to 
destroy the dock and for this 
purpose an old four-stacker 
lend-lease American destroy- 
er. Campbeltown, formerly 
USS Buchanan, was to be 
packed with explosives. 

Commanded by Lieuten- 
ant-Commander Stephen 
Beattie she was to cam the 
dock gates, after which her 
cargo., on a delayed fuse, 
would explode,, destroying 


Though repeatedly hit - at 
that range many shells went 
right through' her - and with 
her decks a shambles of the 
dead and dying. Campbeltown. 
held her course unswervingly- 
at a speed of 20 knots and at 
0134 . hrs on March 28, only 
four minutes behind schedule 
after a. hazardous passage of 
400 miles, she crashed into the*, 
dock gates and lodged there. ** 

The surviving commandos 
leaped ashore to carry out 
their other demolition tasks 
oh dock installations and were 
met with ferocious resistance. 
Meanwhile the MTB torpe- 
doed another set oflock gates, 
while Ryder ranged about the 

harbour .drawing fire and dir 

reeling the attacks. 

Ashore. Newman, and his 
men continued fighting until 
they were.oyerpowered by the 
enemy and taken prisoner, as 
were Beattie and the surviving 
crew - members -of 

Campbeltown. - I 

' Ryder remainedconduciing 
operations until the last possi? 
ble moment, when, with his 
craft full of dead and wound* . 
ed. he withdrew out of the "* 1 
inferno of gunfire and made 
for the open sea. 

At.J 130 bra the five tons of 
ammonal in the bows' of 
Campbeltown . exploded; 
wrecking the dock gates and 
causing a huge inrush of water 


which carried the sbip : bodily 
idred 


them completely.. 

bile a force of Army 


Languishing ashore as Naval 
Liaison Orac 


icer on the Staff of 
GOC Southern Command, he 
received the summons in Feb- 
ruary, 1942. to go to the 
Combined Ops HQ in Lon- 
don, where Operation Chari- 
ot, the St Nazaire raid, was 
hatched. • 

In the opening months of 
1942 the German battleship. 


Meanwl 
commandos, under. Colonel 
Newman . was to disembark 
and destroy the valuable sub?- 
marine' ; pens and other 
installations. ' - - - 

Ryder, then a Commander, 
was appointed to lead the 
force, which besides 
Campbeltown included; a Mo- 
tor Torpedo Boat and a Motor 
Gun Boat from which he 
would direct operations. 

Escorted by destroyers, the 
Chariot force left Falmouth on 
March 26 and by the following 
night was off the Loire. Chal- 
lenged by German signallers 
onshore,. Ryder’s vesssels 
made evasive answers in Ger- 
man. and Campbeltown , was 
within a mile of the lock gates 
before the true identity of the 
intruders became apparent to 
the defences.' 

From that point onwards 
they were raked with shells 
from al least 90 guns of 88 mm 
calibre and upwards, firing 
over open sights at point blank 
range. A$ - they - neared the 
shore this ordeal was aug- 
mented by punishment from 
oeriikons and machine guns. 


wegian waters, where, repeal 
edly; 


ly attacked by. naval andair 
forces, she was eventually 
stink -by bombers of the RAF 
in Tromso .Fjord. - ‘ 

Ryder later assisted in the 
planning for the Dieppe Raid, 
and, on his retirement from 
the Navy in 1950 was elected 
as Conservative MP for ’Mer- 
ton and Morden, a seat which 
he held forfive years. ^ 

Hisowiriiccduntoftheraid, ’ 
The Attack- oh St Nazaire 
(1947), is a modest account of 
what was a daring operation 
which achieved results out of 
all proportion to the numbers 
involved, besides giving hope 
to a cowed French populace, 
Ihai Ibe Brilisfr were, perhaps, 
capable of reversing the tide of 
distater. 


DR ASTON PRESTON 


Dr Aston Zachariab Pres- 
ton, FCA, FCCA, FOS, 
FREconS, Vice-Chancellor of 
the University of the West 
indies since 1974, died on 
June 24. He was 61. 

Preston was an exceptional 
man with an outstanding 
record of commitment; ser- 
vice and achievement. His 
death has robbed the Com- 
monwealth Caribbean of one 
of its most distinguished sons. 

Born in Kingston. Jamaica, 
on April 16, 1925, the sixth 
and last child of a ship's 
mechanic and housewife 
mother, he rose from humble 
beginnings to become, at the . 
early age of 49. the head of the 
university, which is unique 
among institutions of higher 
education. 

For the University of the 
West Indies, supported by 14 
different states, the majority 
of them independent, and 
having campuses in four of 
them and a presence in the 
remainder, diners from eveiy' 
other multi-campus universi- 
ty in the world. 

That the University suc- 
ceeded in coping during the 
twelve years of Dr Preston’s 
vice-chancellorship is a fitting 
tribute to his energy, his 
negotiating skills, his creativ- 
ity. his integrity and his 
vision. 


single-minded determination, 
immense industry and seem- 
ingly inexhaustible stamina. 

In 1951 he joined the staff of 
the then University College of 
the West Indies as senior 
accounting clerk, and in the 
same year be became a Fellow 
of the Royal Economic Soci- 
ety, London. 

He obtained, an external 
degree of Bachelor of Laws 
from the University of Lon- 
don four. years later, in i960 
he became a Fellow of the 
Institute of Chartered Ac- 
countants. Jamaica; and in 
1 970 a Fellow of the Chartered 
Institute of Secretaries, 
London. 

His advancement in the 
university was rapid: accoun- 
tant in 1954; bursar in 1956; 
and vice-chancellor in 1974. 

For one whose academic 
-membership of a university 
was external and whose work- 
ing association was profes- 
sional and administrative, 
Preston had a highly devel- 
oped sense of academic 
values. 

No-one perceived more 
dearly than he the role of the 
university in a society which it 
serves and of the need to 
adjust that role to meet die 


Thus he was at one lime or 
another chairman of the Ja- 
maica State Trading Corpora- 
tion, Chairman of the Jamaida 
Omnibus Services, Chairman 
of die Jamaica. Workers' Sav- 
ings and Loans Bank, and 
financial advisor to the com- 
mission dealing with the fu- 
ture of higher education in 
East Africa. 


changing needs of the society 


use 


Not having the means to 
attend the university and ac- 
quire a degree in the usual 
way. Preston recognized from 
an early age that if he was to 
fulfil his ambition and become 
a leading figure in the life of 
Jamaica and the Caribbean he 
would have to obtain qualifi- 
cations of the highest standard 
by the only route open to him - 
part time study and external 
examinations. 

He followed that route with 


No-one had a greater capac- 
ity to lead his colleagues at 
every level to an understand- 
ing of the choices open to 
them and to guide them to 
make the right choice. 

It is not surprising that he 
should have made his mark 
outside his own university 
and his own country. 

In Jamaica, from which he 
steadfastly refused to be part- 
ed in the face of several 
attractive offers, he was chair- 
man or member' of- many 
important committees. 


amalgamation of interlocking 


arrangements in a hierarchy of 
institutions, the falling off of 
standards in any one of which 
affects standards in! eveiy 
other. . !. 


Preston is-. survived^ his 
wife.- Barbara', and -Ws 'three 
children Caroline, “John and ft. 
Christopher. 



-*i A 






s' •.- » 

t^ ,• 

• -iV 


into the dock. Four hunc 
German soldiers and techni- 
cians who were either on 
board 'or In the Vicinity, were 
killed by the blast. 

Only four of the Chariot 
force vessels reached home; 
Ten, including the MTB^ per 1 
isfaed in the fighting inshore 
and Ryder’s MGB was sO 
badly damaged :that he scut- 
tled her out at sea and 
transferred to a destroyer with 
his wounded. - 4*1 

Ofthe 6 H men who set out 
from - Falmouth, 169 were 
killed, and 215 were captured: 

Biit the Normandie Dock 
was never again used by the 
Germans, and Tirpitz wak 
compelled to remain in Nof 


‘ 1 ,4 


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He .was also Chairman of 
the Council of the Association 
of Commonwealth Universi- 
ties and financial adviser to 
several governments on uni- 
versity financing and 
development. 

To each of these posts he 
brought eneigy. initiative and 
the desire of the pragmatist 10 
solve rather than make 
problems. ' 1 

Throughout his association 
with the university and de- 
spite the harsh pressures, of 
economic recession, during the 
period of his vice-chancellor- 
ship. Preston worked tirelessly 
to maintain, promote and 
enhance the university as the 
'regional institution. 

.. He recognized the justice of ^ 
conceding- to ^ ^ two -of the cam- 
pus countries the greater voice 
in deciding the objectives of 
their campuses, but he be- 
lieved ' that the regionaiity of 
the university couId.be pre- 
served only so long as the 
central authorities retained 
responsibility for standards. . 

For he saw education as an 


■ropper 

Opera 

Wrt inv 

lCi »'anni 





•s 






' - ■ ■ t t-- . 


Memorial meeting 

Professor L. Mair 


A memorial meeting for Profes- 
sor Lucy Mair was held at the 
London School of Economics 
and Political Science yesterday. 
Professor M. Bloch, convener. 
Anthropology Department, 
London School of Economics 
and Political Science, presided 
and the other speakers were 
Professor D. MacRae. sociology 
department LSE and Professor 
J. Davie. University of Kent at 
Canterbury. Among those 


were: 

«nd Mrs George GwlJS. Colonel 
Rteftam Burn tbraiher-ui-lxwi. Mr 
Dawd BeverMfge Bum, Mr Adrian 
Mair. Or (G Patel 'director. LSE. also 
representing tlw Vice-Chancellor of 


London CmvenUy) wtih Professor ft 
Pmtor 'DTO-dlrectort. Dr Chruune 


ipra-dlrectort. 

Challis isecreuryj. Mr Peter Dawson. 
Dr Anne Behm. Mtas Christine 
comber. Mn M Hardman. Or E 
Darker and Professor I Sctiaucra: Mr 
Terenn. Higgins. MP.; am iWnur 
TtOHbrn Hl^w^s. Professor sir Ray- 


mond and 


Finn. Mr .Innallun 


suiute of Great Britain and Ireland) 
jHS t *3 p * Owjjhal 1 . Dr D J Rariwr 

|S*3). ° Pr^SS ? 1 W^ter A, 3SS 


Memorial Service 


Miss GJVL Colton 


-The Lord Mayor was repre- 
ViffHd 


senttrf by Mr Deputy' Wfona 
Dewhinrt ai a service pf thanks- 


rn a service onhanks- 
g; ving for the life of Miss Gladys 


— - — - g v 1 iuui 

yesier^y. The Rev E.LB. Rog- 
ers olhciaied and gave an ad- 
dress. Mrs B. Colton, sister-in- 
law. read the lesson and ihe 

tS'L°L r* , C ** Of London 
School for Girls sang “God be in 
my head". Among : others 
bkmi were: 


Land mead: 


v.ow 


Mte Anne 
iris" , 


■mr-otiMr 


aMOCUttton: Mr James Boyes u, 
London sclwoo and Mrs Saves. Mr 
John Williams (Cripoteoate- Found a> 
U'W > -SM , 9«nt David Davies (Snow 
Hm Ponce sutton). . 


SMk- :.v - 5: . j i 
'3 I' : - f - * 




Ca 


r wi'kfc uuiuuiu. # 

Brigadier J Packard. Mr Spencer 

Mr Philip AUdav. MnrM 
araw. C M Metcalfe. Mrs C R 


-cs 4 . 




GpUUK. J Dale. Mrs H J Hoboy 
Mrs Et " - 


. -IB Rogers. .Mrs' Diana 5nawl 
Mrs Brenda - Richards; Mrs. J 

■teS^Mtsp 


NejivtK ohe. Mrs Thelma Hotme^Ki 
ThorpL-Dr 


J B Mawson. Mrs H“ 

M Goode, mbs 2 


Consw nan. miss g 


M P _PWdPS- MSi C M Morton. Mis IT 
Tl ■ Stephenson. Miss 


Sbuihem.- Mrs R Stephenson. Miss 
Jarran Wickham, .ft. 

miss J. Lamft and. Miss B T 



Latest wills' 


Me JoFur Godfrey RTOedus; - of 
ter, feft : £L 0 W ,6 49 


'fesa-- 

^ "vr^i - 


Westminster, 
net 




!?£.9)rJs) and 


Mre Olive Clarke Supfd^ }of 
Ewdl. left SKe’Icft 

her airim mmu m mn Yi ■ 


Mr George EdoraidTaaSkof; 
Solihiill. .whclpjsite' *' it - * — 






THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 


THE ARTS 


Television 

Walking 

target 

Now .■ that the clamour of 
drams and horns and Mot- 
soaisms has Haded on the 
ether, it is time to ask some 
awkward questions about the 
i£86 World Cop. And not so 
.WKh “Why did John Barnes 
Qlay only IS minutes out of five 
games?" as “Why was the 
tournament staged in Mexico 
at all?". 

Last night's World in Ac- 
tion (Granada) tipped a bucket 
of cold water over the perfervid 
hyperbole of this staggeringly 
lucrative media event The 
secondary target of their inves- 
tigation was Horst Dossier, 
head of the sportswear giant 
Adidas and pioneer of the low- 
rise billboards that graced 
every stadium: their multina- 
tional sponsors together paid 

more for the privilege of 
Beaming their brand names 
round the world than the 
television companies paid for 
; the picture (when available). 

But the prime enigma was 
the figure of Joao Ha melange, 
for 12 years president of 
FIFA, “one of the most I uxori- 
ous private dubs in the 
world". It cannot be denied 
that daring his incumbency Dr 
Havelaage has done a lot for 
football (to ptids his own 
immodest) y-phrased claim), 
and it might be churlish to 
complain that in the process 
he has also done a lot for his 
bank manager, what is both 
puzzling and disturbing is that 
the head of the world's most 
popular sport should make 
snch a determined bid for the 
John Nott Challenge Trophy 
by walking oat of Granada's 
interview not once bat twice. 

Was the good doctor a 
director of the insurance com- 
pany which angled for a 
buxom contract daring the 
1982 World Cap? Absolutely 
not. Bat here it was in black 
and white. “My secretary 
made a mistake." Walk-on t. 
On his return he agreed that 
yes, he was a director of said 
company. And did be own the 
Brazilian television company 
that might do rather well in 
the event of the 1994 tourna- 
ment being staged in that 
country? Second walk-oat. As 
he pnt it, “I have my honour 
andmy principles". 

.. Equally honourable and 
principled (but with rather 
more bottle in .(he face of 
adversity) was Lucy Walker, 
'the mountaineering heroine of 
A Dangerous Kind of Lore 
(BBC2). Played with deter- 
mined grace and exquisite 
nostrils by Jenny Seagrove, 
Lucy's first objective was to 
surmount the embarrassment 
of opening a drama series 
called Mountain Men, when — 
as Oliver Tobias, Dominic 
Guard and Michael Maloney 
kept pointing out — she was 
patently a woman. 

The next impasse was Fay 
Weldon's ludicrous script, 
which showed every appear- 
ance of having been constrnct- 
_ed from a kit and was surely 
not meant to be funny all the 
way through. After that, the 
Matterhorn was child's play. 

Martin Cropper 


Galleries: John Russell Taylor finds British distinction at the Venice Biennale 

Slipping so easily into the surreal 


Concerts- 


Allegedly, and no doubt understand- 
ably. there is a bitter rivalry in Venice 
between the old Biennale organiza- 
tion. now mounting its forty-second 
art jamboree, and the newly set-up 
exhibition centre at the Palazzo 
Grassi. which has been elaborately 
restored and funded by Rat and is 
now embarking on an ambitious 
series of vast international shows 
under the direction of Ponius Hull en. 
erstwhile wizard of the Centre Pom- 
pidou. But curiously enough the 
theme show of the Biennale. Arte e 
Sdenza (until September 28). which 
is spread over four different locations 
scattered around Venice, and the 
opening show of the Palazzo Grassi's 
new regime. Fntnrismo e Fnturismi 
(until October 12k are so clearly and 
closely allied that they could have 
been deiiberatly designed as comple- 
mentary experiences. And. just to 
confuse matters even further, the 
Commune de Venezia, which is not 
necessarily all that cooperative with 
either body, has put on at the Ca' 
Pesaro a splendid exhibition of Paul 
Klee nelle colleztoni private (until 
October 5) which also fits in perfectly, 
in Venice, such neat dovetailing must 
be a terrible accident 

The Biennale itself is the usual 
chaotic mixture of elements which 
seldom if ever come together into a 
single statement Nor, probably, 
should they; not only would it be a 
miracle if the participating nations — 
some 40 of them — were to come up 
with some uniform view of what an 
this minute ought to be. but it would 
be deeply suspicious. 

Sometimes there seems to be some 
attempt to fit in with the theme 
proposed by the main show. Two 
years ago the idea of art based on art 
was widely traceable even outside the 
Padiglione Cemrale of the Giardini, 
but probably because it was just 
something in the wind at the time. 
This year one might imagine an 
attempt to fit in with the Arte e 
Sdenza idea, particularly the Arte e 
Alchemia section of it. But something 
so general — anything vaguely sug- 
gesting transmutation seems to have 
been let in. hence a lot of surrealism 
and generally fantastic art — can 
hardly help being echoed in various 
national pavilions; something would 
clearly be wrong if most of the Latin 
Americans and East Europeans did 
not slip into the surreal at the slightest 
provocation. 

Given these reservations about the 
catch-all nature of the theme show, it 
must be admitted that it is the most 
entertaining and sometimes revela- 
tory for many years. The organizes 
have managed to gather an extraordi- 
nary collection of distinguished 
works, mostly 20th-century, to illus- 
trate the notion of transmutation, the 
influence of scientific experiment in 
colour, new definitions of space and 
perspective, and new frontiers in 
biology on painting and the arts in 
general. If the art-lover’s heart (not to 
mention the innocent lender’s) is 
sometimes in his mouth at the 
casualness and precariousness of the 
1 way such treasures are exhibited, 
especially in the Colore section in the 
j Falaspoa that seems to abash the 
1 Biennale not a jot. 

Also, the Padiglione itself is look- 
| ing rather splendid as a result of some 
exploratory work which has revealed 
in the Octagon the almost complete 
survival of Galileo Chini's original 
Symbolist murals of 1909. and this 
: apt rediscovery has inspired a show 
devoted to Chini and his Italian 
contemporaries at the Ca' Comer 
della Regina, which also fits in with 
alchemy and points the way to 
Futurism. 

Of the Futurismo e Futurismi show 



awry 


The aviator as hero, with Chini looking to the speed and modernity of the 
Futurists in La glorificazione dell’ aviatort (1920); nod (below) detail from 
Erro’s tribute to the grotesq aerie of Alan Odle in Odelscape (1982-83) 



it is difficult to speak too highly. Of 
course one may take exception to its 
scenario, which starts with the Italian 
Symbolists and the Symbolist begin- 
nings of such as Boccioni and Balia, 
pinpoints Divisionismo as a specifi- 
cally Italian phenomenon — which iu 
a sense I suppose it was - and then 
leads us grandly up the staircase to 
the piano nubile of the Palazzo where 
Futurismo itself is spectacularly in- 
stalled and chronicled. That done, on 
the second floor we get round to the 
Futurismi, which prove to include 
Russian Suprematism and British 
Vorticism among various other 
analagous national movements. 

The dear implication seems to be - 
or has certainly been taken to be — 
that Italy invented the future, and all 
these other distinct manifestations of 
the spirit of modernism are merely 
tributaries of the Italian main event- 
What Wvndham Lewis, who detested 
Marinetti and Futurism and in- 
veighed against both in print, would 
have had to say about that one 
shudders to think. However, the 
British room does emerge extremely 
well from invidious comparisons, 
with Lewis himself and Nevinson of 
all people outstanding (surely it is 
high time for a real Nevinson 
retrospective in this country?). And 
the Russians are more than capable of 
looking after themselves in any 
squabble about precedence — the 
great thing, dearly, is to be so good 
that it does not matter. 


But. give the Italian Futurists their 
due. the)' do come out as a most 
impressive bunch. Most so. probably, 
Balia. Everything he did at least up to 
the early Twenties was extraordinary: 
perhaps his only drawback was that 
he -failed to get killed in the First 
World War. like his nearest rival 
Boccioni. and lived on and on to fade 
into swirls of coloured cloud. But his 
Divisionist paintings are wonderful 
-his first Futurist paintings, like the 
dog in motion with apparently as 
many legs as a centipede, are de- 
. served ly the best remembered of the 
whole movement, and his innumera- 
ble contributions to the artistic crafts 
of the time, including furniture, 
tapestries, toys, knitwear and much 
else, tend to knock the contemporary 
and not so dissimilar Omega Work- 
shop into a cocked haL 

Of the rest Boccioni is good, if a 
little strident (hardly a fault according 
to the Futurist ethos of desenrisiz- 
auon). Sevcrini is slight but extremely 
decorative, and the work of those less 
totally dedicated to fine art like 
Depefo in the poster and Prampoiini 
in theatre design, leaves nothing to be 
desired for style or invention. The 
show can hardly help being a revela- 
tion to even the most jaded. 

As for the national pavilions back 
in the Giardini di Castello and spilled 
out this year to the Corderie 
dell’Arsenale (a most spectacular 
wreck of a building, by the way), they 
are worth at least a quick canter 


Opera 

Smart invention 


: Don Giovanni 

Demgate, 

' Northampton 

* Pavilion Opera started up five 
•years ago. unsubsidized, pi- 
' a no- accompanied, and selling 

jabout 80 tickets a night in the 
gdrden at Thorpe Tilney. On 

* Saturday they performed to a 
“ healthily full theatre, with an 

'orchestra and with Patrick 
. Garland directing them. 

The majority of their perfor- 
mances are 5 till in country 
•- houses, and still piano-accom- 
.4»nied; and that, perhaps, is 

- why their musical director. 
.Bryan Evans, conducted as if 

-the greasepaint had not yet 
quite reached his nostrils. 
‘ Both Mozart's dramma and 
his giocoso, so elegantly 
-turned by the Pavilion Opera 

- Orchestra, sounded as balmy 
. r as the evening air. 

!■ What was going on at the 
"players' side (the opera was 
'given in the round, without a 
.pit) was a different matter. A 
happy fusion of fast-moving. 
-Tast-thinking production ideas 
^and equally shrewd casting 
ignited the work and con- 

- firmed that this company 

- deserves larger audiences than 
J.iis seat prices as yet generally 

* permit. 

With no sets, and little more 

- than table and chair, food and 


- AMSTRAD Users 

. The Qaniy GukJe to wonj procBSWW 
on the PCW B256/8512 gives Mailed 
hey-by-Hey mstroaiom and ow 

' explanations whch aftve much In* 
and puzzlement for b«h learners and 
exp erienced itad. 

~ j Ono at tha amplest and tear hoping 
£■ flsncfc ' Party Mati. 

Price E485, but writ* for tfetaBs. 

V Clarity Guides (T), Bm ad w ood. 
Uftoo, Devon PL18 OER. 


drink, for props, the peasant 
chorus provided multi-pur- 
pose human scenery. One of 
many nice touches was for the 
unusually affable Leporello 
(Phillip Guy-Bromley in fine 
voice) to pause by one of the 
women and take down her 
details into his little list. 

His master moved like a 
royal prince in a ballet and 
bestowed his favours with a 
kiss as cold as ice. Untouch- 
able and unconquerable, this 
Don Giovanni reappeared at 
the end of the final chorus, 
brightly lit in white and gold 
to wave from the balcony, 
ready for his next reincarna- 
tion. Such a portrayal essen- 
tially unprogressive, gave 
Randall Staley little scope 
actually to develop a charac- 
ter. though vocally his fluent 
baritone was constantly plea- 
surable. 

Alice Hyde was a happily 
cast Donna Elvira. Like a 
fragile social waif straight out 
of Edith Wharton, she listened 
to the Catalogue Song like a 
nun hearing confession. But 
the viper is in the voice; and 
Miss Hyde is turning into a 
formidable performer, the 
voice ever more brilliantly 
responsive and assured. 1 
should love to bear her 
FiordiJigi. 

Alison Charlton-West is a 
pent-up maelstrom of a Don- 
na Anna, with her voice not 

S uite ready to weather its 
emands. She could certainly. 

! though, gobble up this effete 
, Don Ottavio (Graham God- 
frey) for breakfast Helen 
I Kucharek's sweet if under- 
exploited Zerlina and Noel 
Mann's energetic Masetto 
completed the lively ensemble 
which has been propelling 
Pavilion onwards. They reach 
the Slates in October. It is 
worth catching them while 
you can. 

Hilary Finch 


"l wish I were younger than 1 
am", observes Charlotte 
Gainsbourg. disconsolately 
sweeping a few strands of 
fashionably dishevelled hair 
away from her wide eyes. 
“This growing up”, she says, 
her use of English suddenly- 
becoming less sure. “I don't 
like it so much" Not one 
would have thought that the 
last twelve months can have 
left the reluctant 15-year-old 
< girl much time for the mun- 
I dane concerns of adolescence. 

With both a hit record and an 
: enormously successful film to 
her name. Charlotte Gains- 
bourg has been swept to the 
| sort of feme which tends to 
create problems all its own 
! although, for her. celebrity 
j apparently seems more natu- 
ral than adulthood. 

Being the daughter of two of 
France's favourite stars. Serge 
Gainsbourg and the English 
expatriate Jane Birkin. she is. 
as she says, used to being 
famous, her childhood relent- 
lessly catalogued by Paris 
Match. And. she insists feel- 
ingly. "it's easier to be famous 
than to be 1 5". It is appropri- 
ate. then, that the pains of 
I adolescence are the subject of 
the film in which she stars, 
although the Charlotte who is 
the heroine of Claude Miller's 
L'Effrontee (translated as An 
| Impudent Giri for its British 
I opening, at the Lumiere and 
Chelsea Cinema on Friday) 
wants not so much to retreat 
; into childhood as to dash into 
adulthood. 

Rather than being an ordi- 
! nary, somewhat gawky 13- 
year-old. the Charlotte of the 
film dreams of being more like 
| Clara Baumann, a girl of her 
own age. a concert pianist and 
child prodigy who seems to be 
; everything she is not — deli- 
cate. sophisticated, rich and 
extraordinarily gifted. More 
like the real Charlotte in fact, 
although the real Charlotte 
insists rather seriously that she 
is “just a regular girl" She 
certainly has regular holes in 
the knees of her regular denim 
jeans. 

A story which mixes hu- 


At the age of just 15 
Charlotte Gainsbourg 
(right), star of An 
Impudent Girl , which 
opens in London on 
Friday, has been 
swept to an almost 
reluctant celebrity: 
Simon Banner reports 

Growing 

fame, 

growing 

doubts 


mour. sentiment and sympa- 
thetic observation. An Impu- 
dent Girt is distinguished not 
only b> the performance of 
Charlene Gainsbourg and 
other members of the young 
cast but also by the assured 
direction of Claude Miller. 
Previously an assistant to such 
directors as Bresson. Godard 
and Truffaut. Miller has now 
directed five films of his own. 
including, back in 1973. The 
Best H ay to Walk, a consider- 
able critical and commercial 
success, and a film which, like 
An Impudent Girl, also dealt 
with the theme of adolescence. 
Critics and public alike, how- 
ever. seem to have agreed that 
An Impudent Giri is Miller's 
strongest film to date. It has 
won the Prix Louis Delluc as 
well as the French Ministry of 
Culture's Grand Prix Nation- 
al. and was judged “the best 
French film of the year" by 
L‘ Express. 

Meanwhile. Charlotte 
Gainsbourg herself won the 
French Academy's award for 
Best Young Actress of 1986. 
while an even younger mem- 
ber of the cast. Bernadette 
La font, won the aw ard for 
Besi Supporting Actress. And, 
in the still buoyant French 



film market, these plaudits 
have helped An Impudent Girl 
to outperform such foreign 
competition as Mad Max 3 
and Desperately Seeking Su- 
san. becoming one of the most 
profitable French films of the 
year. 

Shot in Evian. Chambery 
and around Paris. An Impu- 
dent Girl kept Charlotte busy 
through the two months of her 
last school vacation, working 
every day from noon until 
early evening. “I liked it a lot", 
she explains. “It didn't feel 
like work. When I was small I 
was always on the set of my 
mother's films and I used to 
find that fascinating, so 1 think 
she warned me to do a film of 
my own so I'd have something 
to remember, even if I didn't 
become an actress when I was 
older.“ 

An Impudent Girt is Char- 
lotte's second film. She previ- 
ously appeared as Catherine 
Deneuve's daughter in Paroles 
ct mitsiquc. a film she says she 
auditioned for simply as “a 
joke", though it was on the 
strength of that performance 
that Claude Miller selected her 
for his own film. He had 
written about a third of the 
scenario for L'Ejfromec when 


round, provided one is ready to be 
ruthless with the sub-standard. This 
alas this year includes the American 
pavilion, which is wholly -occupied 
with an installation by the Grand Old 
Man of American sculpture. Isamu 
Noguchi, entitled What is Sculpture?, 
which seems really to pose the 
question. How little can you get away 
with and still be called sculpture? The 
shell-like marble slide outside is 
certainly impressive, but for the rest 
one mostly has the impression of 
having wandered unawares into a 
Conran lighting showroom. 

The West Germans kept suspense 
high by not opening their pavilion, 
given over entirely to Sigmar Poike, 
until the last of the Press days, by 
which everyone was ready to find it 
the wonder of the age. though I must 
confess to thinking it empty and 
pretentious, with only one or two 
attractive grey paintings tucked away 
in the side rooms to recommend it. 

More interesting by far is die 
French pavilion right opposite, done 
out by Danile Buren in stripes of 
various colours and various media, 
even to chipping away the plaster to 
the original brick in one room; cool 
elegant and with the saving grace of 
humour. Elsewhere I liked the Greek 
C. Tsoclis. who makes nicely 
funny/sinister use of dozens of taps 
running and of full-length figure 
paintings with video projection on 
rop to make them move unpredict- 
able the Belgians Willy Helleweegen, 
who makes lovely abstracts out of 
hundreds of tiny glass phials end-up. 
and Francois Schusien, an “artistic" 
designer of strip cartoons with bags of 
style and absolutely no pretension; 
Melvin Chamey. a- Canadian who 
designs and sometimes builds pieces 
of elegantly fanciful architecture with 
no apparent purpose other than to 
please the eye; the Icelandic Erro, 
whose sources for his painted collages 
of modern pop culture include, rather 
unexpectedly, the English grotesque 
illustrator Alan Odle: and the Spanish 
Miquel Navarro, who makes minia- 
ture cities out of small pieces of 
industrial lead and zinc, as we saw 
recently here at the Serpentine. 

But by general consent the most 
distinguished overall effect in the 
Giardini is produced by the British 
pavilion, devoted entirely to Frank 
Auerbach. A classical hang. against a 
grey chosen by The artist himselland 
work of Auerbach’s usual lofty stan- 
dard. give the feeling of total control 
and command. The only pity is that 
we did not have the sense to do it ten 
years ago. 


he went by chance, to see 
Paroles et musique without 
knowing there was an adoles- 
cent pan in it. By the time he 
left the cinema he had realized 
that the heroine he had de- 
scribed was Charlotte Gains- 
bourg. both “physically and 
morally", as he puts it. “I 
thought that, if she couldn't 
play the part, we couldn't 
make the film." 

Charlotte read the scenario 
and persuaded her parents to 
let her take the role, gladly 
agreeing to the condition that 
the filming would not inter- 
rupt her studies. “I don't think 
I want to be ait actress 
anyway", she says, “because 
acting is not a very stable 
career, so 1 work hard at other 
things, at schooL" For the 
moment, however, she has 
plenty of other offers of film 
work, insisting though, with 
the mark of a true profession- 
al that she cannot “comment 
on them yet because none of 
the plans are fixed". 

Claude Miller would like to 
work with Charlotte Gains- 
bourg again, because Char- 
lotte. he says, getting the 
embarrassed girl to translate 
his French, “has an astonish- 
ing facility for taking a hint 
from a director and immedi- 
ately assimilating it -- it made 
her very easy to work with". 
And. having just had his 
biggest hit to date with An 
impudent Giri. he is also well 
aware of Charlotte's box-office 
potential. 

“Naturally I think the film's 
good", he says. "But. even so. 
I know that a lot of people 
came to see the film, at the 
start at least mainly to see 
Charlotte — the daughter of 
Jane Birkin and Serge Gains- 
bourg. the giri who made such 
a strong debut in Paroles ct 
musique and", he says, atr 
tempting some English of bis 
own. “the girl who had just 
made a record with her father 
which was such a big. how do 
you say. heei?* Which raises a 
rare smite from the impudent 
girl hcreelf. "Hit", she tells her 
director, “the record was a hit 
Your English, e'est terrible!" 


Allen/Parsons 
Covent Garden 

It makes good sense, economi- 
cally and physically, for' & , 

house to offer a solo recital to 
a singer’who is at fcantL having 
been around on its.. operatic 
stage for a week or two: and it 
is a practice of which Covent. 
Garden frequently makes 
good use. But it is not such an . 
unfailingly good idea .art- 
istically. 

Thomas Allen finished his 
term as Onegin just a week 
ago. and on Sunday night 
stepped a little further forward 
into the RoyalOpera auditori- 
um for a recital of Schumann 
and Brahms.. U was a puzzling 
evening. ^ 

In the Dichterliebei he voice 
seemed tentative and uneasy; 
in foe Brahms the manner was 
laid back, almost nonchalant. 
The effortful -yet under- 
projected expressive pointing 
of the Schumann had one 
wondering. . indeed, whether 
vocal or physical unease were 
hampering interpretative re- 
sponse or vice versa. 


As the evening wore on. 
though, it became dear that it 
was ■ none of' these things,' - 
quite. It was certainly not, 
though at iimeS h' may have 
seemed so. foal Mr. Allen had 
failed thoroughly, to assftrulaie 
the -.chemistry between word’ 
arid music. Moments tike the ~ 
hushed -placing of each, sylla- 
ble at (he very end of the 
Dichierliebe, and the integra- 
tion .of every passing thought 
into one long musical line, in 
Brahms’s. "Wir wandeften". 
were proof enough of that,"' 
h was simply that Mr Alter) 
was scaling down too much.- In 
underestimating ' the degree 
arid particular nature of pro- 
jection demanded . by. these = 
songs, be left us with an image 
seen through a glass darkly. 

.When it. came to die. 'en- 
cores. be was thereat last face 
to fece. Geoffrey Parsons, too, 
who had responded with ae-. 
company! ng which had verged 
on the mqnnered, found new 
spontaneity and new freshness 
in “Meine Liebe tst grun” and 
“Geheimnis”./ ' V 

HilaryFfach 


RPO/Previn 

Festival Hall 


Ingenious. To signify the end 
of this year's Andre. Previn 
Music Festival. Previn him- 
self conducted the Royal Phil- 
harmonic Orchestra in. 
Strauss's autumnal Four Last 
Songs on Sunday evening. 
And then, posibly to hint at 
new beginnings, the same 
partnership, already proving a 
most ; fertile one. gave us 
Britten's Spring Syntphdhy. lt 
was not exactly an obvious 
combination. 

If the programme-planners , 
thus showed a curious sense of 
humour, they also displayed 
canny business instincts by . 
engaging . Dame Kiri Te 
Kanawa, an inevitable puller 
of crowds (even from a certain 
football maicfa). for the 
Strauss. Artistically.- it was 
also an. intelligent move. 
There were moments when 
the compass of Kanawa’s 
voice prevented .full tone- 
production in lower-lying pas- ■ 
sages, and occasionally she- 
would mafce foo' ligftrof what 


should have' .been ' .intense, 
particularly at 'the beginning 
of phrasesTBiit in spite -of an 
urge to push the- music on- 
wards too frantically, Kanawa . 
conveyed well the. quasi-sdxu- 
al luxuriance of the cycle, 
-while at the top of its range the 
voice sounded gloriously rich 
-and powerfoL . ■ r 

Previn and the orchestra 
shaped their lines- with- an 
astute sympathy for Kaiiawa's 
Various whims.' and folly 
matched .her for .. opuJerice. 
Both thehorn and violin solos 
were handled with. Impressive 
sensitivity. . 

. For the Britten, a patchy 
work whether you regard it as 
true symphony or as .choral 
song-cycle. they were equally 
on foetr mettle. Sheila .Arm- 
strong and Philip Langridge 
entered into the prevalent 
exuberant spirit with the same 
unfettered, vigour as the 
Philharmonic Chorus and'the 

boys of King’rCollege School 
Choir. But it was especially 
pleasing to hear the contralto 
of Christine Cairns.- a= voice 
blooming lavishly ■ in -its owe 
springtime.: - 


would make too ligjft of what . .. Stephen. Pettiflt 


ECO/Tate 
Elizabeth Hall/ 

Radio 3 

After hearing, the English 
Chamber Orchestra the other 
day in unhappy, obviously 
under- re hearsed circum- 
stances. it was refreshing to 
witness their other, more aris- 
tocratic side in this distinctly 
summery concert, part of tire 
final weekend of the. Andre 
Previn Music Festival. Noth- : 
.ing was. more like the sorely 
.needed codling breeze in its 
effect than Schumann's First 
Symphony, the “Spring". It is 
still fashionable to dende this 
piece for the composer's clum- 
sy handling of orchestration 
and form. 1 really cannot see 
why. •• 

Among its chief advantages 
are its infectiously fresh ideas, 
which, perhaps because of 
their very , naivety, bear .end- 
less developmental repetition, 
just as in Beethoven. Nobody 
could reasonably protest at 
Schumann's resourceful ex- 
ploitation of his wonderful 
principal tune in the finale, or 
attack his orchestral ion of it. 
solid arid: biased in favour of 
woodwind arid brass tbpugh it 
may be. The symphony also 
benefits from an unmistakable 
cross-fertilization from the 


: Lied, just as the. orchestra. 

however difficult the resulting 
' technical challenge, reaps a 
rich harvest from the influ- 
enceof piano technique. 

The ECO gave a scintillat- 
ing account. marred only by 

- the tiniest and understandable 
hint of scratcbiocss from the 
violins once or twice in that 

. .finale; They - were- also on 
excellent form for-the equally 
daunting orchestral' role in 
Ravel's G .rirajor Hand Con- 
certo. .Yet . study the solo 
pianist, Gttile Gusset, might 

- have given us* little more 
colour in her. undoubtedly 
refined and. where it needed 
to be, athletic playing. I would 
not. really have, thought that 
this work requires too much 
restraint. - 

There were some delicious 
orchestral solos, notably from 
the cor anglais (James Brown) 
and first trumpet (Edward 
Hobart), and Jeffrey -Tate 
engendered a sharp rhythmic 
response in foe outer move- 
ments, The .same disciplined 
exuberance bad earifef been 
apparent in ■ Bizet's Jeux 
denfaniSi here achieving ex- 
actly foe righf batenoebetween 
whim^ ana sentiment. - - . - 

The concert, though given 
On Saturday, was broadcast on 
Radio 3 tost night. 

• S.P. 


THE SE C«.\» ... CJ:A F T;S -UrM-SCt-l 8P£\ 

u musical 

INSTRUMENTS" 







20 


THETIMES TUESDAYJULY i 1986 


Cabinet 
puts off 
radio 
changes 

By Philip Webster 
Chief Political 
Correspondent 

Plans for a big shake-op of 
television and radio broad- 
casting have effectively been 
put on until after the next 
general election. 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, confirmed 
yesterday that the Govern- 
ment had abandoned the idea 
of an immediate experiment 
for a network of community 
radio stations. 

A green paper, to be pub- 
lished in the autumn, will 
contain proposals for the fu- 
ture o fbroadcasii ng, including 
community radio, and the 
proposals contained in the 
Peacock committee's report 
which is to be published on 
Thursday. 

Government sources said 
that the delay meant any 
legislation on the Peacock 
committee's recommenda- 
tions could not now realisti- 
cally be expected before the 
next election. 

The decision to put off the 
community radio experiment 
was taken last week by a 
Cabinet committee. Ministers 
were concerned there would 
have been no certain way of 
ensuring a minimum stan- 
dards of' objectivity and 
decency. 

Mr Hurd said last night that 
he was conscious of the disap- 
pointment the statement 
would cause to some and of i 
the effort which many people 
had pul in. “Their efforts have 
shown that there is enthusias- 
tic and constructive support 
for community radio and I 
hope that we shall be able to 
devise suitable arrangements 
for it to take its part in our 
radio system." 

Many of the recommenda- 
tions of the Peacock, commit- 
tee. including the sale of all 15 
independent television fran- 
chises to the highest bidders, 
the sale of BBC Radio 1 and 2. 
and the rejection of advertis- 
ing on the BBC for at least a 
decade, have disappointed 
many ministers, including 
Mrs Thatcher. Some of them 
are unlikely to go much 
further. 





More a wake than a party: the last train of coal mined at Maerdy colliery being given star treatment by tbe press yesterday. (Photograph: Harry Kerr) 

Thatcher line praised 1 Farewell to Rhondda coal 
by Pretoria envoy 


Continued from page 1 

within-. He had warned him 
against the danger of a split. 

But he disclosed that Dr 
Ka unda bad expressed the 
feeling that if the Common- 
wealth summit did not come 
up with sanctions there was no 
point in staying in. 

“He said that he could not 
bear to sit again at a table with 
Mrs Thatcher if she vetoes 
Commonwealth action for a 
second time. It is a worrying 
matter that if Zambia decided 
to leave the Commonwealth a 
number of other African coun- 
tries and some Asian countries 
might do the same," Mr 
Healey said. . 

In a series of interviews and 
at a Westminster press confer- 
ence, Mr Healey sard that in 
South Africa the proposed 
mission of Sir Geoffrey to 
Pretoria was received with 
unanimous derision both by 


supporters and opponents of 
apartheid. He had been told 
that no black leader would be 
prepared to talk to a member 
of Mrs Thatcher's Govern- 
ment in the present situation. 

“It isa hopeless and damag- 
ing mission." Mr Healey said. 

Mr Worrall was unable to 
tell the select commjittee 
when tbe present state of 
emergency would end. It was 
essentially a temporary mea- 
sure intended to restore stabil- 
ity so the South African 
government and people could 
get on with reforming. 

. He insisted that the country 
was going through a period of 
major transition “from the 
apartheid of the past to a 
multi-racial future.” 

“There are people who are 
determined to create circum- 
stances of disorder, whose 
objective it is to make certain 
areas ungovernable." 


By Tim Jones 

Tbe men dutifully smiled for 
the photographers bat it was 
not much of a party. The 
miners of Maerdy knew an era 
was over and the very reason 
for their existence, for their 
small isolated community, and 
the once great valley in which 
it nestles was finished. 

For tbe last lump of coal had 
been raised to the surface of 
toe Rhondda Valley. An hour 
earlier, toe coal had teen cat 
from 1,140 ft below ground. 
Now its sheen reflected in toe 
daylight to show off its quality. 

Statistics only serve to show 
that toe; were attending a 
wake. Two hundred years of 
tradition, 54 pits, horrible 
disasters, political battles, 
40,000 miners and great unity. 

There are now just 350 of 
them left at Maerdy. From 
today the coal they cut will be 
raised at tbe Tower colliery, in 
the Aberdare Valley, to 'which 
it is twinned underground. 

During the miners* strike. 


Maerdy became a by-word for 
militancy but there was not 
much of the famous defiance in 
evidence yesterday. Although 
local nmon officials were 
present no-one from the area 
leadership turned up. 

Mr Ivor England, aged 50, 
who has worked at toe pit for 
28 years, said: “I am sad and 
bitter. My father worked at 
this pit mid my son is here 
now. When I first came, thee 
were 1,500 men but now we are 
down to jost 350. 

“We have got to face up to 
the fact that oral is finished in 
the- Rhondda Valley. We have 
got to look to toe future and 
somehow try to get new jobs or 
our young people will have no 
hope.” 

With unemployment at 
30 per cent jobs, are a tall 
order as the valley grew on the 
back of coal and itisitfdie 
beaten track for the new 
sunrise Industries. 

Mr John Davies, the mayor 
of toe Rhondda, did his doty' 
extolling toe advantages of toe 


valley, its amenities, beauty 
and willing workforce. “Any- 
one who says the Rhondda is 
finished doesn't know its peo- 
ple or oust history." 

Mr Allan Rimers, Labour 
MP for Rhondda, said: “We 
have got everything going for 
os. What we need is jobs. 

Mr Eric Price, aged 38, toe 
lodge secretary, had no doubts 
that the strike had been worth 
it. “Yes d finitely, because I 
will be able to tell my three- 
year-old son that I fought for 
our jobs, our community, and 
his future," be said. 

- Proof that the - Rhondda, 
mice the powerhouse of the 
world, is not forgotten has 
come from requests from all 
over die world for lamps of 
Maerdy coaL 

From today the Rhondda, 
which spawned socialism, 
feces an uncertain futnre. 
There is talk of tourism and 
high technology white-collar; 
employment. The only certain 
fact is that King Coal will 
never reign again. 


’ Letter from Mexico City 


Mexico 
to 

The Mexican capital bad a 
hung-over feeling yesterday 
morning as revellers from the. 
night's numerous - street fies- 
tas woke up to find the World 
Cup drciis had finally left 
town and Mexico was on its 
own again, fece-to-face with a 
foreign debt and an internal 
crisis, that .will get worse 
before it can get any better. 

City authorities organized 
a series of open-air parties on 
Sunday riighr with perfbr- 
mancesby musical bands and 
vigilance by thousands of 
police, there to ensure. -the 
endrof-the-World-Cup fun 
did. not degenerate into the 
rioting which, marked the 
“celebrations" in the first 
week of the tournament. 

The police, as it turned out, 
successfully contained both 
the violence and the fun. The 
mood was not so much 
riotous as maudlin. The 
once-Iusty cries of “Mexico! 
Mexico!" grew fainter, more 
ironic as the night wore on. 

The World Cup had pro- 
vided Mexicans with a respite 
and a distraction from their 
problems but -not, as had 
been hoped, with a boost 
Prices of food, transport and 
medicine are expected to go 
up dramatically in the com- 
ing days. Complex negotia- 
tions with foreign creditors, 
owed $97 billion, will proba- . 
bly be resolved shortly, but in 
a manner likely to prolong 
the country's economic ago- 
ny. deferring tbe day of proof 
when bankers and Govern- 
ment finally accept Mexico 
simply does not have the 
money, or the political lee- 
way, to continue paying $10 
billion a year in debt interest 
abroad. 

The World Cup may have 
proved beneficial for Mexi- 
can -tourism but any profits : 
there were will have been 
minimized by the substantial 
government outlay on securi- . 
ty. At Sunday’s final for 
example, as at toe England - 
Argentina mine, last week, 
some 20,000 troops and po- 
lice were in attendance. . - 
Virtually all .the ' money 
made in Mexico- out of toe 
World Cup went to the 
private television company, 
Televisa, the biggest in Latin 
America. Televisa contrived 
both to provide abysmally 




r- 




LWUgiila 

1 dubsj4%/s’ 
* 

V ’ 




fad coverage of the football, I'* 
and charged the. ISO or so 
international broadcasting 
companies who came.to Mex- 
ico millions of pounds more 
than they had ever paid 
before to cover a Work! Cup. 

Save perhaps forihe two or 
three Mexican national team 
playersexpected to be bought 
soon by European ' 

Televisa were Mexico's only 
World Cup winners. 

Among the losers is the 
Finance Minister, Senor Je- 
sus Silva Herzog, who re- 
signed in the second week of 
the World Cup for reasons 
ominously unexplained, and 
President Miguel de'Ta Ma- 
drid. The prolonged jeering 
which . accompanied the 
President's speech at tbe 
.World Cup inauguration cer- 
emony on May 31 was repeat- 
ed at the dosing game on 
Sunday when be took his seat 
in the Azteca Stadium. No 
longer able to believe those of 
his advisers who assure him 
of his popularity, the; Mexi- 
can President now has to .. 
cope with an economic hearf- y* ' .. 
ache whose negative political 
impact, it. is widely believed, 
will be accentuated by tbe 
widespread sense of post- 
World Cup depression 
Elections for governors in 
the northern state of Chihua- 
hua this Sunday are being 
watched anxiously in. the 
United States, ever more 
keenly aware of the crisis on 
its southern border. The way 
the elections are conducted — 
in other words, how much 
vote-rigging and imimidation 
goes on — is expected to show 
that current levels of discon- 
tent in Mexico are high. 

President de la Madrid’s, 
controversial decision three 
years ago to agree to MexicO:1 
hosting the World Cup is said £d 
to have been founded in large ^ 
measure on the calculation 
that, m the absence of bread, 
a little circus might prove to 
the Government's political 
advantage. 

The tactic has backfired, 
the pomp and drama of tbe 
World Cup having served 
above all to emphasize to 
Mexicans the abyss that sepa- 
rates illusion and bleak reali- 
ty in their country. 




e-r.Yv: 


John Carlin 


.[IP backing 
' Sfinerger 




~ T- - - 


THE TIMES INFORMATION SERVICE 


Today’s events 


Royal engagements 

The Duke of Edinburgh, 
President, die National Playing 
Fields Association, visits the 
NPFA offices. 25 Ovington Sq, 
SW3. 3.30. 

The Prince of Wales attends 
the Redesign of Design con- 
ference. Royal College of Arts. 
Kensington Gore. SW7. 9.30. 

Prince Edward visits Guern- 
sey and Jersey and carries out 
engagements in connection with 
the 30th anniversary Tribute 
Project of The Duke of 
Edinburgh's Award, arrives 
Guernsey airport. 11.45. 

Princess Anne. President of 
tbe Missions to Seamen, attends 
their annual meeting, St Mi- 
chael Paternoster Royal.- EC4, 
11.3?. 

Princess Alice. Duchess of 
Gloucester. Colonel-in-Chief, 
Royal Corps ofTranspoit, visits 
the Training Group RCT, 
AldeishoL II. 


The Duke of Kent attends a 
ceremony at Thiepval to 
commemorate the 70th anniver- 
sary of the Battle of tbe Somme, 
departs RAF Nonholt, 7.50. 
State Visit 
The President of the Federal 
Republic of Germany and 
Freifrau von Weizsacker arrive 
for a Stale Visit and are met by 
Princess Margaret. Gatwick air- 
port. 1 1.35. The President then 
inspects the Royal Air Force 
Guard of Honour. The Royal 
Train departs from Gatwick, 
U-50, arriving at Victoria Sta- 
tion. 12.30. where they are met 
by die Queen and the Duke of 


rrgh 

Raj 


of the Royal Family; a Royal 
Salute will be fired by the 
Honourable Artiller Company, 
Tower of London. 

Carriage procession . leaves 
Victoria Station for Bucking- 
ham Palace, 12.30. via Wilton 
Road, Victoria Street. Par- 
liament Square (West and North 
sides). Parliament Street, Whhe- 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,086 



ACROSS 

I Birds go round a comer and 

make a rude gesture (4. 1,5). 

6 Joint author (4). 

10 Hold up a chisel (7). 

II Vessel making a number in 
America almost sick (7). 

12 Replaced three of the sol- 
diers as a result (9). 

13 The fold - the Church — 
shows little change (5). 

14 Ironclad in war takes the 
biscuit (5). 

15 Gloomy, suffering 
lead-poisoning (9). 

17 Revert to type, as 
players must (5,4). 

20 Make a speech using flowery 
language without a note (5). 

21 Composer in a tangle (5). 

23 Ealing somewhere else, as 

complaint follows noise at 
home (6.3). 

25 Hunter’s performance tak- 
ing a long time (7). 

26 Char makes me react badly 
(7). 

27 Repeat some choice excerpt 
(■*)- 

28 Be responsible for tree-tap. 
per running amok ( 10 ). 


.from 

Rugby 


4 Exotic souvenir I mislaid, 
being agitated (7). 

5 With money loaned after 
nothing turned up (7). 

7 Crime for which deric suf- 
fers capital punishment (5). 

8 Apollo’s view-point (9). 

9 After two seasons, opening 
for a nominal fee (10,4). 

14 We get a tar into trouble. 
What a scandall (9). 

16 Popular perfume turns up, 
thanks to lover (9). 

18 An Italian poei going slow 
(7). 

19 Honour with award a 
flower. . . (7). 

22 . . .plant five to make a 
deep impression (5). 

24 In the Bible you hold ■ a 
maiden subject (5). 


Solution to Puzzle No 17,085 


DOWN 

1 A distance, but little crea- 
ture covers it (5). • ' 

2 Picked up as necessary (6-3).- 
3. Rook moves like this, in a 
•_ Straight line (13.4.5). 



Concise Crossword, page 10 


hall. Admiralty Arch and The 
Mail, arriving at the Grand 
Entrance, Buckingham Palace, 

The President and Freifrau 
von Weizsacker visit West- 
minster Abbey, where tbe Presi- 
dent lays a wreath on the Grave 
of the Unknown Warrior, 4.30; 
later, accompanied by Freifrau 
von Weizsacker, he receives an 
address of welcome from the 
Lord Mayor and Councillors of 
the City of Westminster. St 
James's Palace, 5: Slate Ban- 
quet, Buckingham Palace, 830. 

New exhibitions 

Durham University: it's 
teaching, research, history and 
student life; The Exhibition 
■Hall, Palace Green, Darlram 
City; Mon to Sat 11 to 4, Sun 2 
to 4 (ends Aug 31 ).checked 

20tfa century drawings: a 
selection of drawings and 
watercolours by artists of the 
British School; Octagon Gallery, 
Fitzwilliam Museum. 
Trumpinglon St, Cambridge; 
Tues to Sat 2 to 5, Sun 21 5 to 5 
(ends Sept 28). 

Alan Cotton: oils and pastels; 
New Gallery. Abele T ree House. 
9 Fore -St. BtHUeigh Salterton, 
Devon: Wed to Sat 10 to.5 (ends 
July 12). 

Exhibitions in progress 

Drawing on tbe Thirties: etch- 
ings and watercolours by Edgar 
Holloway and William Wilson; 
The Open Eye Gallery. 75 
Cumberland St. Edinburgh; 
Mon to Fri 10 to 6, Sat 10 to 4 
(ends July 17). 

Sculpture by Susanna Heron; 
Plymouth Arts Centre. 38 Looe 
St. Plymouth; Mon 10 to 5, Tues 
to Sat 10 to 8. Sun 5 to 8 (ends 
July 19). 

Music - 

Organ' recital by Gethin Da- 
viesJones; Bangor Cathedral. 

Organ concert by Graham 
Matthews; Sheffield Cathedra], 
& 

Organ recital by David Saint: 
St Martin’s, Scarborough, 7.30. 

Concert by the Brandon 
Green Chamber Choir and Or- 
chestra: Bristol Cathedral. 1.15. 

Concert by the English String 

Orchestra: . Gloucester Cathe- 
dral. 7.30. 

Concert by the Halle Or- 
chestra; Free Trade Hall. Man- 
chester, 7.30. 

Concert by Bradford Univer- 
sity Chamber Choir City Art 
Gallery. Exhibition Sq. York. 
13.30. 

General 

Book Market Chantry Hall, 
Norwich. 10 to 5. 


TV top ten 


National Up ten televtefon programmes in 
ttw weak ending June 22: 


18.45m 
. 17.10m 
Grandstand (Sen). 

and Weather (Sat 


1 EastEnders 

2 EastEnders 

3 World Cup 
1£3S«n 

4 News. Sport 
21:4®, 14.90m 

5 World Cup Grandstand (Sat}. 11 30m 

6 Mas term in d, 11.80m 

7 That's Lite. 1035m 

8 aBo 'aflo, 10_20m 

9 WOrid Cup Grandstand (Wed 18 JO). 
9-flftn 

10 Tha Bed MonJtfwuse Show, 9.70m 

nv 

1 Coronation Street (Wed/Thors) 
Granada, 22.75m 

2 Coronation Street (Mon) Granada; 
1135m 

3 News at Ten (Wed) rTN. 11 30m 

4 Dempsey and Makepeace LWT. 

5 -Etnmentaie Farm (Tues) Yorkshire. 
10:15m 

Crossroads (Thin). Centre, 930m 
winner Takes Al Yorkshire, 935m 
World Cup '86 (Tun) 17V. 9.7ttn 
Emmerdale Farm (Tnura) Yorkshire, 
9.40m 

World Cup 36 (Mon) rtV. 930m 
BBG2 

A V0ry Peculiar Practice. 525m 
Naked Video, 5.10m 
MASH. 42Sm 
Just Another Day, 4.15m 
Yotr Ute in Ther Hands, 4.15m 
MoonBghtHtg,4j00m 
Tha Travel Show, 335m . 

Bacfiands. lASm 
The DeWs P l ayg ro und. 320m 
Entertainment USA; 3.15m 
Thunderbolt and Ughdoot. 3.15m 


1 The Innocent, 450m 

2 Brookstde (Tusa/Sot). 425m 

3 BrooksJde [Mon/Sat). 3.70m 

4 Cheers, 355m . 

5 Above Us the Waves. 330m 

6 St Elsewhere. 320m 

7 Gardeners' Calendar. 320m 

8 The Cosby Show. 3.10m 

9 A Letter To Three Wives, 230m 
10 Bewitched. 2.15m 


weekly 


The average 
figures ter audiences at peak 
times (vnth figures in parenthesis 
showing the reach - tee rubber of people 
who viewed ter at least three minutes): 
B8C1: BmaMast 7 Hok Mon ■ to Fri 
14m. (73m) 

TV-anc S;v?t/ Morning Britain Man to Fri 
2.1m (10.4m) Sat 2JDm (53m) . 

Sun 1.1m 

Broadcasters' Aurflenca Research Board. 


Roads 


The Midlands: AS: Major 
roadworks at Weston under 
Lizard; delays between Telford 
and M6 (junction 12). 

Wales and West: M5: 
Contraflow between junctions 8 
and !0 (M50 and Cheftenhazn); 
avoid. A39: Delays in both 
directions between Kilkhamp- 
ton and Bideford. A5: Tem- 
porary lights control traffic at 
Maerdy Bridge, Clwyd. 

The North: A I (M): 
Contraflow between Aydiffe 
and Burtree. Co Durham; delays 
at peak times. A54; Roadworks 
on. new bypass al Kelsall Hill, 
Cheshire; care required. AJ9: 
Roadworks northbound on 
Thirsk bypass, Yorks; possible 
delays. 

Scotland: A92 (Aberdeen): 
Delays in Ellon Rd at North 
Donside Rd roundabout. A 75: 
Single line traffic at Threave 
Bridge, Kirkcudbridgr, caution 
required. A915: Construction of 
Wiudygates bypass, Fife: long 
delays at peak times. 

Information supplied by AA 


Anniversaries 


Births: Gottfried Leibniz, 
metaphysician. Leipzig, 1646; 
George Sand, novelist, Paris, 
1804: Louis Bleriot, aviator, 
first to cross the Channel in an 
heavier-than-air machine. Cam- 
bra i, France, 1872. 

Deaths: Harriet Beecher 
Stowe, philanthropist and nov- 
elist {Uncle Tom’s Cabin). Hart- 
ford. Connecticut. 1 896; George 
Watts, painter and sculptor, 
Compton. Surrey, 1904; Erik 
Satie, composer. Paris, 1925; 
Leon Dundee novelist. Saint- 
Remy de Provence. 1942; Joan 
Fertn, president of Aiwntina, 
1946-55, Beunos Aires, 1974. 

. Dominion of Canada estab- 
lished. 1867. Investiture of the 
Prince of Wales at Caernarvon 
Castle. 1969. 


Weather 

forecast 

A slack area of high 
pressure will cover toe 
British Isles, between an 
antfcylone over the North 
Sea and another over toe . 
Bay of Biscay. A frontal 
trough will approach 
Northern Ireland later. 


6 am to midnight 




feury rises 

' 

sz nr-- • ■' 
ir ^ ' 


s, NW England. Mid- 
lands, Lake District: Man ty dry with 
sunny intervals developing; wind 
jkjht^and variable; max temp 23C 

E, central N, NE England, Bor- 
dors, EdMburgh, Dundee, Aber- 
deen, Central Highlands, Moray 
Firth, NE ScottamfcMainly dry, 
sunny intervals, a few coastal fog 
patches; wind fight variable,' max 
temp 23C (73F), cooler on coasts. 

Channel Islands, SW England, 
Wales. Isle of Man: Dry with sunny 
intervals; wind light and variable; 
max temp 20C (68F). 

SW, ftW Scotland, 


and 


. Orkney, Shetland: Dry with sunny 
intervals, but some coastal fog 
patehes; ^ wind SE light; max temp 
15C (59F). 

Northern Ireland: Dry, sunny 
intervals but becoming cloudy with 
perhaps some rain later: wind 3 fight 
becoming moderate; max temp 19C 
(6H=). 

Outlook for tomorrow and < nan- 
Sunny periods- and a few 
showers. Morn doud and rain in the 
W later. Mostly warm. 



High TMes “i* 


Mttue sky: bc-Wuc sky and doud: c- 
ftoutfy: o-ovnrjH*: Mos tfdrinkK h- 
haO: m»l ■ misu r-raln: 3-snow: m- 
Uuwdcrslorrn: p-showera. - 
Arrows show wind. dlrectkxL. -wind 
speed imptij circled, . Temperatu re 
centigrade. 


TODAY . AM 

London Bridge 10.04 
W w d KW 9.46 

Awonmoott 235 

Ballast - 729 

Canfiff 2.40 

Oovonport . 1.19 

Dover 731 

Falmouth- - 12A9 
Glasgow 832 

Harwich 828 

HcMMsd • . 6.42 

Ha*. ..■2.40 

Mracamtw 1.55 

LaWi -11.00 
Uvwpool 722 

Lowestoft 6.13 

Ma rgate 823 

MHforri K»v«o 2.10 
Nawquay . 1.10: 

“ 2.13' 

1238 
221 
7.48 

Sfcoraham 7.24 
Southampton . 729 
Swansea 2 20 
Tsai 12.05 

: W*mn-onMNze 830 


HT PM 

63 1CT9. 
3,4 1038 
103- -322 
3.1 8.08 
103 337 
-43-234- 
SA 7.49 
43 134 
43 925 
3-4 842 
.48 734 
33 .240 
.72 224 

4.6 11.44 

7.7 838 
20 545 
3.9 833 
55 245 

5.6 1.45 
3.T. 225 
43 120 
•T.4 332 
33 826 

4.7 758 

3.7 . 8.08 
73 234 
43 1241 
33 8.13 


HT, 

S* 

-33- 

105 

IS’ 

is 

42 f 

as- 

aA- 

4,4" 

62" 

63 

43" 

74‘ 

22 

43 

53 

54 
2S 
4.4 
13", 
4.0. 

6XL 

-33. 

74. 

43. 

33 


l:T W. 


fe ahead 




■vir r 

Mortgage cut 


" u .. 


: :r ‘ 


liaLCPb 


V.. _ ^ -i 
' ■ V— _ 


UY 


Tide measured in metres: 1m-32808R. 


Around Britain 


Hie pound 


Eter* 


Austria Sch 2435 

Betoken Fr 7230 

CanadaS - 2195 

OeomaricKr - 1297 
FMandMkk 928 

France Fr 11.15 

Germany Dm 331 

Greece Dr - 217.00 

Hong Kang $ 1230 

Ireland Pt 1.165 

Rady Lira 240000 

Japan Yen 26330 

NefbertondaGM 333 

Norway Kr 1133 

Portugal Esc 23530 

South Africa Rd 435 

Spain Pta 22250 

awdetixr 1136 

Surtzerimjl Fr 2675 

USAS 1396 

Yugoslavia Dm 62530 

Rates to smaa ttenomi mti o n Bank nowa 
‘ 4® awJStid by BwSys Sank PIC. 
Dtflerem rates appiyto travellers' 
forehjn 


Bank 

Sees 

225 

22S 

6830 

2095 

1232 

7.70 

1030 
233 

20330 

1130 

1.105 

226000 

24930 

274 

1133 

22430 

335 

21130' 

1031 
2725 
1325 

57630 


currency 


cheques and other 
business. 

Rotafl Prin tndeac 3663 

London: Tha FT Index dosed up 127 at 

1387.1. 




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lomany dispute. The Edlior’s 
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denev wiu he entered nuo. 


U U for any reason The Times 
prices Page b not published in Uw 
normal way Times Portfolio will be 
suspended for that day. 

_ How to ptoy - Dotty DMdaod 
On each day your unique sel of eight 
numbers will nr pre s ent commercial 
and industrial shares pubHsned Jn The 
Times Portfolio usi winch win appear 
on me Slock Exchange Prices page: 

m the columns provided next to 
your Shares note the Price Change (+ 
or in pence, as published tn dial 
day's Times. 

After listing the price changes of 
your eight shares for that day. add up 
all eight share changes to give you 
jrour overall total plus or minus (+ or ■ 

Cheek your , ov erall total against The 
Times Portfolio dividend published a» 
the Stock Exchange Prices page- 

IT your overall loud ma tches The 

Times. Portfolio dividend you have 
won outright or a share or the loiai 
price. money stated (or that div and 
must claim your prize as Instructed 
below.. 

How to 

Monday- Sail . _ 
portfolio total. 

Add mew together to .determine 
your weekly Portfolio total. 

If vow- total matches the published 
weekiy dividend figure you have won 
outriam or a share of the prize money 
staled for that week, and must claim 
your prize as instructed below. 

, , Howto t Wm 

no claims can tn acceptad ouume ohm 
hours. 

YOU must have your card. with you 
when you telephone 
If you .are unatrie to Irfpphorw* 
r behalf 


- WMdy DMdaod 
" r e cord your daily 


someone etee can dahn on your 
bui they must have your card an 
The Times PartMto claims 
between the stipulated limes. 


line 


no responsfbiuty can he accepted 
far failure to contact (he claims office 
for any reason wonm (he staled 
IMMIIW 

The above Instrection i are an- 


Moonifwa: 
1.19 am 
Now moan: July 7 


San Mis: 
921 pm 

MaansattE 

436pm 


Lighting-np time 


EAST COAST 
Sanborn 133 
Bridlngloa 143 
Cramer 102 

Lowestoft 113 
Ctoctoo 123 

Margate 121 
SOUTH COAST 
FoBce at ona -123 
Hesttnga 


Sun Rain 

hrs te 


-Max" 

C F. 

'SB 68 sunny 
21 70 sunny 

21 70-sumqr 

19- 68 sunny 

22 72 sunny 
20 68 sunny 




Sun Rate Max 
hrs In C F 
13 37 22 72 $hbwers 


ENGLAIIO 
BTiam Alrpt 
Bristol (CM) 
Ceriteta 
London 


73. 

83. 

23 

63 


London 951 pm to 4.18 am 
B ristol 10.00 pm to 438 am 
Edinbungh 1032 pm to 4.02 am 
Manchester 1211 pm to 4.15 am 

Fmzance 1035 pm to 437 am 


Brighton 

Worthing 

Utteh mp tn 

BopwR 

Sootfnea 

Sandom 


11.4 
24 

106- 

MteU-n-Tyng 143 
Nettteflbam 2 2 
WALES ‘ 


Yesterday 


Bo uin e nd ti 


Temperatures at midday yesterday: c. 
doud: f, tan r, rain; s. sun. 

' C F C F 

s 21 70 O ua ras ay r 1559 
s2068 bwamtsa s2l70 
a 2373 Jersey ' C1559 
r2170 London s 2679 
C«Sfl r 1559 Mtedmer s2272 
Edinburgh s 1457 MewcsBlia c M57 
GMagow s2068 fTtedswny s1966 



Swana ge 
Weymouth 
Esmouth 
Ttjpwuth 
Torquay 
Fataouife 
Penzance 
Sdfly fades 
Jersey 


24 75 Sunny 
93 - 28 82 swrtfilp 

20 - 25 77 gum 

20 - 22 82 sunny 

85 - 29 84 sunny 

25 - 28 82 sunny 

23 -.28 82 bright 

23 - 28 82 Goody 

23 - 27 81 bright 

5.0 ■ a 79 sunny 

0.4 • - 27 81 bright 

03 - 26 79 Gcudy. 

- - 21 70 Goody 

- - 23 73 did 

03 30 22 72 thunder 

03 .43 20 68 thunder 

13 1.13 20 68 thunder 

1.1 30 22 72 cloudy 

0.8 - -21-70 dull ^ 

13 .as 17 63- showers 5, twn oiray 

i» .66 22 72 thunder 


26 79 bright 

26 79 bright 

r 23 73 Shower . - 

- 27 81 bright • . 

- 26 79 cloudy 

- 27 81 sunny - 

- 27 81 sunny 

- 28 82 sunny 

- 23 73 sunny • 

- 26 79 bright 


Pollen count 


Cardiff 
Gohnm 
Tenby 

SCOTLAND - 
Abeide*n 14,7 

EdMxn#i 11.4 

EskdatoffiGr 123 
Gtesgow 1QJ3 

Ktelosa 123 

Lwwfcli- .0.1 

11.0 
123 

w— « 

38 18 64 Plunder ■ flck M 

™ wswemmaAND 

24 .15 21 70 cloudy Bedast 33 . - 22 72 rate 

; ThtMara Sunday’s figures 


0.4 417 '23' 73' fiunder ‘ 


- 22 72 Sunny 

- 20 68 sunny 

- 26 79 sunny 

- 28-82 sunny 

- 22 72 surety 
-'12 54 dot iOf *■' 
-27-81 sunny 

- If « mmny . 

- 23 73 shower * 


The pollen count for London 
and the South-easi issued by the 
Asthma Research Council at 10 
am yesterday was 89 (high). 
Forecast for today, similar. For 
today’s recording call British 
Telecom's Weaiherline: 01-246 
809 1 . which is updated each day 
al 10.30 am. 


Abroad 


MOOAYs c. cloude d, tMzzie; F, fain fg> fog; t, rainrs. sun; era snow: L-ihunder. 


Atartwa 

Algiers 

Amsfdm 

Athens 

Bahrain 

Barhads* 

Bercetee 

Beirut 


Parliament today jK^de 


Contmotts (2.30): Conclusion 
of debate on defence. 

Lords (2J0K Gas Bill report, 
first day. 




ion Cl 9XN. Ti 


Viral rue 
utauuy. 


Sfrret 

July x. 


Rwwered as 4 new ewr ai 


the Post Office. 


C F 

s 27 81 Cologne 
s 26 79 Cpbagn 
f 27 81 Cotta 
s 29 84 DuNfe 
s 27 81 Dubfomflc 
s 27 81 Ram . 

S 33 91 Rorence 
f 29 84 Frankfurt 
S 26 79 Funchal 
Geneva - 
t 20 68 etxstat 
_ s.23 73'HetsMd 

Bermuda 
Biarritz 
Boras'! 

BotTne 

Bnaacta 

Budapst 
B Aires'. 

Cairn 
CopeTn 

trWeuA _ _ 

2529*!* . » 27 8 j Uxmibg 
Ch’chuch s 7.45'Madrid^ 


8 29 84 HotnK 
120 68 Mr* 
f 20 68 tettnbid* 
s 28 82 Jeddah - 
S 25 77 
r 47 63 

L ... 

S 31 88 Listen 
c. 16 61 Locarno, 
f £ 73 L Angels- 


* denotes Sundnv'fl-fM 


C iF &.--F . 

S 2f 29 Materea :. f 29 64 Romo 
s 36 79 Matage-. s 34 S3 8abda«B 
f 24 75 Malta. 27 81 SPitocn* 

M7 S3 Mate’me a 12 54 Santiago* 
f 22 72 Mesksp C* SPaSo^ 

s 28 82 Miami' r W 75 Seoul • 

( 30 86 MBan - , s 28 79 Statfpor 
S 25 77 Montmrrth 21 70 S^Hte 
s 21 70 Moscow -; e. 2170 «ra>b'fg s '26 79 
S 26 79 Munich 8 22 72 Sydney e -14 57 

.'oWWTjBtfte -13 23 73 
-.5 -30 88 Teteviv* 1 27 81 
; S 29 84 Temrife s 26' 

;-.r- 3J--88 Tokyo ~r 19. 

1 27 81 Taranto* t -24 75. 
s 27-81 Ttete tf.ZT- 81 
; jr ?9 84 Vstencte:-, ^ 30 96 
• i 34 93 Vandiver?' c -34- 57 
A 17- 6S HfiUTi 24 75, 
;; f. SI JO'VlemMf: 2 - • i m 6&1 
r*rn 32 Weranr • ;1 J S3 73 
79-WwWlDp*, * 82. 96 
1 20*8 w*n«Bn ■ 7, 45. 
S.OT10Z Zurich, a 24 75 


s 26 82 Haoabi 
S 23 73 Naples’ 
s 32 90 NOeM 
• f 24 75 NyoriT - 
a 23 73 Mae 
s 38100 Oeto - 
‘ -r*. 15 .SB Pans ' 
f30 -86 Peking ', 
:.a 24 75 Perth 
s 23 73 

s. 27^Bl 

t. M.75,- 

•s 24 75-Wd ttoj 
8 27 dl TQ^Bdh 







■' ". -iiw-v. •. • 


- y"^. TUESDAY JULY l 1986 

^(ifl 





(TIMES 



21 


sbmf 



FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 


(Qrr^l' ,Q -.al , 





pr^m: 

•Fn-.. -*■* ft. ^ ’vJtv 
r. a . a . r v 


• ;v - 




mOCK market 


ft 30 Share 
1367.1 (+12:7) . . 
FT^SEiOO 
16^9.B:(+I07j 
Bargains 
23418 

ySM (Datastream) 

m82 (+0.21 y . 

i^E POUND 


l^S Dollar. . 

fc5335 (+0.0065) 

w . German mark 
1^3683 (+0,0074) 

f^l^weighted 

76-2' 





•Worf.i'rX -<{;•. 

.... V-v 

t . ihe E.-.T7-..— ■■■ 

*~\Jt Itt I>. v ''' r 

war-*,.- :' ■<• s'- 


»w ci-.-c siV 

(feta 

keen;-, i.?\ 

*ft «*:*.- . > vJ ; ^ 
m ci*- 



V-CW-rriV. ' v: ‘ '.' 

. Wra^r,- -.. 5' ?*.■• 

' »w _. ■ J * --> 

; : 



Bonfl sells 
269 hotels 

; . -Bond Corporation Holdings 

• has soJd its 269 group-owned 
-hotels to a -new consortium, 
; Austoiel Trust for $A326 
ffifflion (£140 million). The 
deal covers 126 hotels in New 
South Wales, 100 in Queerns- 
; landi 24 in Western Australia 
and others. ' 

- Bond has taken a 26 per 

cent stake in foe new trust and 
■Greater Pacific investments 
49 per cent The- remainder 
has-been subscribed by inter- 
ests associated with Mr Bruce 
Mathieson,-* Melbourne hotel 
developer. - :• ••-'• 

- The 1 three partners in 
Austoiel have put up starting 
capital of $AI50 mini on. Be- 
sides raising cash, the move 
separates the brewing and 
hotel management rides. Mr 
.Mathieson will manage the 
new trust • with Bond 
Corporation. 

UKP backing 
for merger 

Policyholders in the United 
Kingdom Provident (UKP) 
mutual ; life group yesterday 
overwhelmingly approved a 
merger with Friends Provi- 
dent. It was virtually forced on 
them in: April after UKP ran 
into, increasing financial diffi - 
cuhtesbecause of badly-per- 
fonniog investments in 
unquoted enngystocks.;' 

Mercury rises 

Mercury .International re? 

fosnllirH® 


f^a .pro forhih basis assuming 
^ foil consolidation oflheriodc- 

. *&rfdKSr»f X59-T million. for 
V^yeai^^arch^l 1986, an 
• *“j percent on the 

■ <m a similar 


Tempos, page 23 


City bets on a Woolworth 
win and shares slump 45p 



r—\ '■?]-* 


Z*ii - 



Hhih Tte 'i 


tv 


.■» 



c«* 

IhM 

Sew 


l«*p» 


mtese't 


Mimes: w > 


, w -*r ^ 


Briu^ 


*JB3U>G 

KS«*£^ 

tmm 

tfww* 


«Fi:FT 


X 


Profits ahead 

: - A Rrst National Finance; the 
consumercredit company, in- 
. creased pretax profits from 
- £9. 12 million to £1 3.4 minimi 

• in the six months to April 30. 

The interim dividend is 2.25p 
(nil). . . . 

... VJ. . Tempas^page 2 * 

Mortgage cut 

The Mortage Corporation, 
a whoQy-owned subsidiary of 
. Salomon Brothers, the US 
investment bank, has cut its 
mortgage rate by 0.5 per cent 
to 10.2S per cent 

£5m LCP buy 

. ■ r LCP Holdings, the motor 
parts to property development 
. group, has conditionally 

• agreed to buy EF Smith 
(Birmingham), a trading estate 
and warehouse operator, for 
£5 million cash. 

More failures 

A 5.5 per ceu! drop in 
- business failures m the first 
quarter of this year has been 
oflset by increases in the 
second quarter, - leaving the 
level of business fiulures. in 
Britain at-virtuatiy the same 
_ level as. in the first half of last 
year, said Dunn & Bradstreet, 
the business reseanriiers. 


By Alison Eadie 

The share price - of Wool- 
worth Holdings plumm eted 
45p to 690p yesferetay, as the 
market decided , that Dixons 
Group was unlikely to win the 
• £1 .8 billion takeover battle. 

Dixons shares lost 6p to 
330p on fading hopes of 
secoring the largest prize in 
■British retailing. 

Despite the market’s view, 
institutional shareholders 
contacted by The Times said 
they thought the outcome 
would be close' and could go 
either way. 

piere were no further decla- 
rations of support for Wool- 
worth. whose chief executive 
is Mr Geoffrey Mulcahy, after 
Robert Fleming’s statement 
on Friday night that it would 
not be accepting Dixons offer. 

Ii is expected that the 
majority of the institutions, 
who supported the' Paternos- 
ter buyout m 1982 and put in 
the present Woolworth man- 
agement, will back the board. 
They account for between 30 
and -’35 per cent of 
Woolworth's shares. 

Dixons, whose chairman is 



Stanley Kahns: More than 
20 per cent id shares 

Mr Stanley Kakns, already 
Speaks for more than 20 per 
cent, including the majority of 
Warburg Investment 
Management’s 13 per cent 
stake, leaving 45 to 50 per cent 
of the shares to play for. 

Dixons corporate finance 
director. Mr Gerald Corbett 
said: “If the bid lapses, there 
vail be a stampede out of 
Woolworth shares. Institu- 
tions want to make money for 
Ihdr clients and they want a 
top retail team at Woolworth. 
The canvass of the sharehold- 


Geoffrey Mulcahy: Woo+ 

worth confident of victory 

er list confirms this, which is 
why we are so optimistic for 
Wednesday." 

A Woolworth director, Mr 
Nigel Whittaker, replied: “No- 
one is going to be taken in by 
Dixons blustering We never 
count our chickens too soon. 
It could be dose, but we think 
we are going to win." 

City stockbrokers were also 
dividing in opinion on the 
final stages. Mr Nick Bubb, 
retail analyst with Scrim geo ur 
Vickers, said he felt Dixons 
had done just enough to 


deserve to win. Dixons had 
the right ideas and the right 
skills. 

However, another large City 
stockbroker, which preferred 
not to be named, advised 
clients against accepting the 
bid as it did not believe 
Dixons had done a sufficiently 
convincing job of putting 
across its strategy. 

Analysts pointed out that 
Dixons had won against diffi- 
cult odds before. In the. 
Currys’ takeover, 34 per cent 
of the shares were held by the 
family and 25 per cent by 
small shareholders, who tend 
to support the board. 

Dixons, which bought 
shares in the market last week 
to lake its holding up to 5.2 
per cent, appeared not to be 
buying yesterday, despite the 
failing share juice. This was 
interpreted in some quarters 
as a lack of confidence in the 
outcome of the bid. 

Dixons paper offer is worth 
803p per Woolworth share 
and its partial cash alternative 
is worth 798.4p. 

Bearing a predator, page 23 


Next makes £299m agreed 
bid for mail order firm 


Next the fast-growing fash- 
ion and home furnishings 
retailer, yesterday promised a 
new concept in catalogue sell- 
ing after launching a £299 
million agreed bid for Grat- 
tait. the Bradford mail order 
company. 

Mr George Davies, the chief 
executive who devised the 
successful Next philosophy, 
saick “We are going to give the 
public a totally different per- 
spective and concept of home 
shopping." 

. The Nex( chain of stores has 
expanded rapidly over the 
past four years after identify- 
ing -a gap in. the market for 
clothes aimed at young profes- 
sional women. 

Mr . Davies said yesterday 
that there was an even greater 
gap- in the home shopping 
market- which stiff Tended to 
have a downmarket image in 
Britain. -He added: “I- fed as 


By Teresa Poole 
delighted and excited with the 
potential of this deal as I did 
the day we launched Next.” 

Both companies stressed 
that the deal was a merger 
which would bring together 
Next’s design and marketing 
strengths with Grattan’s ex- 
pertise in mail order and 
direct marketing. 

Several catalogues will be 
launched under the Next 
name in time for the 1987 
autumn season and Grattan’s 
sophisticated computer sys- 
tems are expected to improve 
Nexfs customer analysis 
stock handling capabilities. 

Mr David Jones, the deputy 
chairman and managing direc- 
tor of Grattan who will be 
appointed deputy chief execu- 
tive at Next, said that the 
merger would help his compa- 
ny improve the range and 
presentation of its catalogues. 
There & no intention at 


present to sell Next products 
through Grattan. 

The merger will also create a 
major retail finance group 
through the combination of 
Next’s Cub 24 credit card and 
Granon's Wescot credit refer- 
encing subsidiary. 

Unusually, following a 12p 
fell in Next's share price to 
252p, the terms of the share 
offer are worth less than the 
cash alternative. The 21 for 10 
share swap values Grattan 
shares at 529p compared with 
the 540p cash offer. Grattan 
gained 76p to 530p, compared 
with 404p at the beginning of 
last week before bid rumours 
emerged. 

Next yesterday forecast a 
rise in profits from £20.1 
million to £27 million for the 
year to the end of August 
Grattan recently announced 
an improvement from £9.6 
million to £16 million for the 
year to the end of January. 


TV South 



By Richard Lander 

A strong recovery, in net 
advertising revenue and 
growth in foreign programme 
safes helped interim pretax 
profits at Televison South 
grow by 9 1 per cenl.from £3.4 
million to £6.5 million in the 
six months endingApril 30- 
lncome from advertising 
rose to £58.3 million from 
£47.1 million in the stagnant 
period a year earlier. 

Foreign sales jufnped from 
£300,000 to £2.9 million in- 
cluding income from Strong 
■Medicine, a mini-series which 
is to be transmitted on the 
rrv network this year. 

The four-hour drama, 
which will cost TVS about 
£4£ million to produce, was 
mainly responsible for pro- 
gramme transmission costs 
rising from £28.9 million to 
£37.2 million in the first hal£ 
Payments on the Exchequer 
levy for ITV companies rose 
from £2.6 million to £4 mil- 
lion. calculated on the same 
basis as last year. 

The profits increase meant 
that earnings per share almost 
doubled from 7.5p to 14.3p. 
while the interim dividend 
was raised from. 2p to 3p= 
Although the results were in 
line with most City estimates, 
TVS shares rose 15p..to 278p 
yesterday. 


MARKET SUMMARY 


u IN- 


STOCK MARKETS 


1898J0 (+13-64) 










Jltf* 


New York 

Dow Jones 

Nw£d«*._- 17854.191+106.77) 

11 79-3 (-4-3) 

gSSSxink.^. 1929.6 {-22.Q1 
Brussels: • __ 4 __ 

General 675^ (-13-Ooj 

Pariac CAC . — . — 355.6 (-3.10) 

gS&nirt M«*l<-0£)) 

London dosing prices Pago 25 


INTEREST BATES 


London: 

Sknonth eligtefta Mls:9'.6-9K% 
irate. 


WSP . 

•.j-.-InATJ 1 

a*|*w*-" 

S ltw*** 

!**«* 


Prime Rate 8.50% 

Federal Funds 7%% <* = 03* 


CURRENCIES 





London: 

£$13335 


NewYoric 

fcSi^L, 

£BM2L3683 

!5£so«? KU£?.SH§s 

Etndex: 762 


iDR£a770612 


main price changes 


RISES: 
Bristol Post 


Cheshire Whotefoods 200p 

WM Sinclair 200p 

Rotaflex jrap 

British Aerospace — 533p 

71 Group — j»7p 

Granada znop 


700pf+45p) 


TV South — 
B Matthews 
Grattan — 
Freemans _ 
N Brown . — 
Wgfafc 


276p 

298p 


+15 


. 53Gp 
438p 


, 630p 


Pearson 


153p 
558p 

Gottis — 540p 

31 Op 


FALLS: 

Next --vr 

Woolworth 

Blue Arrow 

anted Leasing _ — 


843p(+20p| 


2S2pH 
690pM 
308p(-1Op) 

155p(-25p) 


-GOLD 


LomtonFcong: 


75 


desk $34739347.75 1 
226.75) 

6.70 


n orth sea oil 

" 1l35bbl 


Brent (July.) 


Midland Bank to start 
own discount house 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 


Midland Bank is to set up 
its own discount bouse 
through its GreenweO-Monta- 
gu gilt-edged market-making 
subsidiary. 

The rationale for the move 
is the eventual merging of the 
rides of discount houses and 
market-makers in government 
securities. 

Midland announced yester- 
day that a new money markets 
unit has been established 
within Greenwell-Montagu 
Gilt-Edged Ltd. The unit is 
beaded by Mr Jnlian Beaven, 
an assistant director of Samuel 
Montagu. 

It will be operated as an arm 
of Samuel Montagu until big 
bang on October 27, and will 
be folly integrated into the 
gilt-edged market-maker them. 
The unit wfl] seek official 
discount house status. 

The unit is to make two-way 


prices in all market conditions 
in the full range of sterling 
money market instruments. 
Midland Bank said. 

Many of the existing dis- 
count houses, with their spe- 
cial dealing relationship with 
the Bank of England, will be 
separately capitalized subsid- 
iaries of gilt market-makers 
from . October, as a result of 
regroupings in the City before 
big bang. Now, market-mak- 
ers, it appears, will also be 
endeavouring to establish dis- 
count houses of their own. 

The Bank of England’s 
prime requirements for grant- 
ing discount house status to 
the Midland subsidiary will be 
evidence of a willingness to 
make a market in all condi- 
tions. and strict separation of 
the fledgling discount house 
from the Midland's other 
money market operations. 


£95m share 
slip-up 
at Lloyds 

By Cliff Fdtham 

An embarrassed Morgan 
Grenfell, the merchant bank- 
ing group, was last night 
forced to change the basis of 
allocation for shares in its 
flotation after disclosing that 
applications for £95 million of 
shares had gone missing. 

The astonishing slip-up was 
being blamed on Lloyds Bank 
who handled the applications 
for the near £800 million 
issue. 

A statement from Morgan 
Grenfell said that Lloyds Bank 
"failed to take into account. a 
batch of applications when 
advising Cazenove and Co of 
the total applications 
received." 

Later Mr Guy Dawson, a 
Morgan Grenfell director, said 
the whole affair was "most 
unfortunate." 

He said: “Apparently, there 
were a small number of appli- 
cations, about SO in all, which 
did not get counted for one 
reason or another. But these 
applications involved veiy 
large sums of money. It is 
extremely, annoying but it 
does not affect the offer. 
Uoyds Bank informed us as 
soon as they realized what had 
happened." 

Mr Dawson, who admitted 
the fees of a handling bank 
were substantial, would not 
comment on the possibility of 
Morgan Grenfell witholding 
part of the fees. 

The applications involved 
were for 1 6. 1 million shares at 
a tender price of 500p. and 3.1 
million shares at a price of 
505p. As a result the offer was 
oversuberibed 4.7 times and 
not 4:5 times as previously 
announced. 

The revised allocation in- 
volves a scaling down at the 
top end of the market, with 
applicants for between 1,000 
and 95,000 shares now receiv- 
ing 21 per cent and not 25 per 
cent Investors seeking more 
than 95,000 shares will receive 
20 per cent as opposed to 22.5 
per cent 

Dealings in the shares are 
expected 10 start on Thursday. 


Boom time for shop developments 


Retail property is undergo- 
ing its most fundamental 
change since the war with a 
trebling of the amount of 
fioorspace proposed in the last 
IS months. 

This brings the total for this 
year so for to 47 million sq ft 
compared with 15 million sq ft 
in 1984, according to research 


by Hillier Parker, the char- 
tered surveyors. 

The shift to out-of-town 
development is highlighted by 
the dramatic rise in plans to 
build more than 30 million sq 
ft of such space, a 600 per cent 
rise since 1985. 

And Hillier Parker says that 
80 per cent .of the applications 
for shopping schemes since 


March this year have been for 
out-of-town developments. 

Town centre developments 
are soaring 100 on the back of 
strong retail rents. 

Town centre schemes under 
construction or with planning 
consent totalled 22 million sq 
ft by March this year com- 
pared with 9 million sq ft out- 
of-town. 


Opec agrees quota system 
to force up world oil prices 


From David Young, Brioni, Yugoslavia 


The Organization of Petro- 
leum Exporting Countries has 
reached agreement on an out- 
put quota system intended to 
force up world off prices. 

However, ft wiD be almost a 
month before the indrridnal 
quotas are finalized, although 
the overall output ceiling is 
widely acknowledged to have 
been set at about 17.7 million 
barrels a day, and each coun- 
try has been allocated a firm 
quota within the overall output 

figure- 

Opec is to meet again in 
Geneva on July 28 to give the 
13-member nations time to 
discuss tbe quotas. 

Algeria, Libya Iran and 
Gabon are dissatisfied with 
the quotas they have been 
allocated and will demand a 
larger share in Geneva. 

The main Opec producers 
appear to have accepted a 
tentative agreement that they 
will start prospecting their 
new output quotas before the 


next meeting confirms them. 

Mr JtOwann. l-afanaa, the 
Nigerian oil minister and 
Opec’s president said dot his 
country would do everythin g ft 
amid to respect the agreement 
until the next meeting and 
indicated that the other mem- 
bers wohW do likewise. 

He also said that dismssion 
between Opec and the ooa- 
Opec producers will continue 
between until the. . next 
meeting. 

Opec hopes that by then 
each of the nen-Opec oil 
exporters will accept Opec’s 
intention of bridging daffy 
. production down from its 
present level of more than 19 
million barrels to about the 
new output quota level and will 
be encouraged to formally 
accept cuts in their own output 
Opec accepts that Britain 
will not make, any official 
statement of co-operation with 
it on output restraint. 

Mr Lnkman has been 


helped in his first Opec meet- 
ings as president by Dr 
Subroto, the Indonesian oil 
minister. Dr Subroto worked 
out the crucial indivhln&I quo- 
tas and put them to each of the 
off ministers. 

Mr Lnkman said: "We have 
firm Opec proposals, what 
some oil ministers may say 
about them is a matter for 
themselves, but the agreement 
is an Opec agreement" 

Opec will consider a new 
method of polking the quota 
system when it comes into 
force. Tbe original system, 
which was agreed on hi Lon- 
don in Much 1983, was 
policed by a system of audits, 
but because tbe audits were 
retrospective, over-production 
became the exception rather 
than the rale. 

Mr Ijkman added: “As 
soon as we are clear on the 
final quota agreement we wfll 
have to deride how the quotas 
are honoured." - 


Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 


The same prediction, 
different timing 


Another episode in an everyday story 
of international monetary folk : Henry 
Kaufman predicted a US discount 
rate cut; Karl Otto Poehi offered some 
teasing hints about a rate reduction by 
the Bundesbank; James Baker said 
that rumours of a dollar free-fall have 
been greatly exaggerated; and Japan 
announced a monthly current account 
surplus comfortably bigger than the 
Treasury is expecting for Britain for 
the whole of the year. 

Out of all this should, eventually, 
come lower interest rates. The ques- 
tion is, when? Henry Kaufman, of 
Salomon Brothers, Wall Street’s most 
experienced Federal Reserve watcher, 
occasionally forgets the old 
forecasters’ adage of naming a number 
or a date, but never doing both at the 
same time. 

Dr Kaufman expected the discount 
rate to have been cut already, saying 
so publicly in the Far East in May. 
Yesterday’s prediction, of a cut in the 
rate within tbe next 60 days, is 
essentially the same forecast moved 
along a little. 

Interestingly, in view of a dollar 
trading below DM2.20 and heading 
down towards 1.60 against tbe yen, he 
expects such a move to occur even 
without prior cuts in Japan and 
Germany, so strong will be the 
pressures emerging from sluggish 
growth in the United States. 

The Bundesbank president, Karl 
Olto Poehi, was in talkative mood in 
Zurich, following the international 
monetary symposium. Yes, he said. 


some of the factors which had held the 
Bundesbank back were improving — 
the marie was rising in the European 
Monetary System, and monetary 
growth was being brought to heel. 
And, yes, the Bundesbank would hold 
a press conference after its fortnightly 
council meeting on Thursday. 

.This, normally a sure-fire: indica- 
tion of a German rate cut to come, 
may be a little too good to be true, But 
tile attitude of the German central 
bank to rale cuts is definitely soften- 
ing. Tbe attitude of the Bank of Japan 
will be required to soften: The trade 
surplus in May was $8.3 billion, up on 
April’s record $7.66 billion. The 
current account is on track for a $90 
billion surplus this year. The yen rose 
again, and could break through 160 
against the dollar just around election 
time. 

Prospects of lower interest rates 
worldwide are, for once, not an 
unmixed blessing for Britain^ as 
evidenced by the cautious attidtude of 
the money markets yesterday. As the 
Bank of England pointed out last 
week, there are good reasons for 
caution on rates here, despite what is 
happening elsewhere. 

And this could cause problems. 
Calculations by the economists at 
American Express, published yes- 
terday, suggest that the pound is 20 
per cent overvalued against the mark, 
and 10 per cent loo high overall. Rate 
cuts elsewhere, combined with contin- 
ued caution here, could serve to Widen 
this gap. 


Filling the golden trough 


Although advertising by companies 
locked in takeover battles continues, 
it is limited essentially to providing 
information (a limitation incidentally 
that favours predators more than 
prey). It is, therefore, largely 
uncontentious, and hardly rewarding 
for advertising agencies and media 
alike which until the Takeover Pane] 
blew the whistle had wallowed in 
profitable campaigns inspired by the 
mega-bids. 

This particular panel ruling was not 
one to be taken lying down by the 
trade but however scornful the admen 
may be about tbe the City in general 
and the panel in particular, they 
recognise that if they are to be allowed 
back to this gilded trough, they need 
to curb some of the copywriters’ 
creative excesses. 

Ii was the advertising and public 
relations campaigns undertaken in the 
pursuit of Distillers that finally per- 
suaded the panel to call a halL The 
objections were not only cost, scale, 
exaggeration and distortion, all of 
which may be contested on various 
grounds though not with complete 
conviction, but also morality and 
taste — difficult concepts at any time 
but likely to rouse extreme passions 
when so such lucrative business is at 
stake. However, the advertising busi- 
ness does boast something called the 
Advertising Standards Authority and 
it is to this august body that the trade, 
through the medium of the Advertis- 


ing Assocation, has turned for help in 
its hour of need. 

It is quite clear that the Takeover 
Panel will not begin to consider Lifting 
its restrictions on takeover advertising 
until it sees the role of advertising 
agencies in a new and much more 
favourable light A stuffy attitude? 
Perhaps. The short cut to a new 
credibility, in the Advertising 
Association’s eyes, is the ASA, which 
would vet any advertising copy before 
it was permitted to appear. 

This sounds as if it has some merit 
but the ASA, which met the Advertis- 
ing Association representatives yes- 
terday, is not easily persuaded that it 
should become involved. Although 
pre-vetting is not a new concept and 
corporate and financial advertising is 
already accepted as a separate cate- 
gory of advertising subjected to 
special rules, the ASA has neither the 
competence, nor incidentally the 
finamcial resources, to make rapid 
judgements on the copy created for 
conteslents in the heat and dust of a 
takeover battle. 

Furthermore the panel, and other 
interested parties, would need much 
more convicing that the practitioners 
hold the ASA in unambiguous high 
regard. In most post-vetting where the 
ASA cries "foul” the player’s response 
is usually to promise not to do the 
same thing again and proceed im- 
mediately to something three times as 
bad. 


Announcing a high-risk, high-potential bond 
that offers the truly enterprising small investor 
an opportunity for exceptional returns. 


NTRODUCING THE NEW 





If you seek truly high returns for an 
investment, and are not prepared to five 
with only average, unspectacular perfonn- 
ance, the route is through the stock market. 
But die time and capital required can be 
coo high. 

That’s why, aimed at those individuals 
-with a strong entrepreneurial spirit, AA 
Insuranc e Services is pleased to announce 
its new Enterprise Bond. Ra ck ed by the 
Automobile Association in conjunction 
with Crusader Insurance ift designed for 
one thing only: maximum potential 
returns. It will invest in a selection of enter- 
prise funds around the world, looking 
always for maximum return. 


But this is not a Bond for the feint- 
hearted. With reward goes high risk. You 
should not consider this Bond unless you 
are prepared to accept the risks, as well as 
to accept the rewards. 

However; new Bonds, historically, 
often outperform established funds. 

Return die coupon below for full 
details... including details of special terms 
that will apply to Bonds taken ont .by 
individuals applying before 14th July 

Wfe guarantee die terms of this offer, 
if you apply before 14dtjuly 1986. If we 
repeat the ofieq we cannot guarantee that 
die terms will remain unchanged. 


special Terms Apply to Applications 

RECEIVED BEFORE 14TH JULY 1986 

Send rfnscotgjOBOUiaivelopc i no uampnsjuirrdlm Crusader Insurance, FREEPOST, ReigaieRHStlBH. 




J Flew s«id mpnwnrdrtiib of dv A A ENTERPRISE BOND. I am mnudmg invming 


NAME Mi Mr. M* . 
ADDRESS 




Due of birth. 


M 


Insurance 

Services 


CpiSADER 


POSTCODE - 




rft*|K 


. - - . 


N 


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FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 


UNLISTED SECURITIES 


1 1996 

fog" Low Coiwpny 

• 15 It'j A 8 M Gp 
f 60. AS ATASMnon 

ML 1 M * *-■ 


i;*' » Mtamt ISO 

. 69- *3 AMOWI $# HM 42 

UT«£ « Acwa Snawe 
'lOtT 33 Mem Comp 50 

* 2&m. 13 tan 16 

6 02 io . Man tawa IS 
<275 1B3 «CM 238 

H23 US Mm 123 

,297 204 AM* * 290 

121 115 ADD* 115 

~T53 131 AppWra 148 

MO 215 AppHetowiKs SS> 

250 IBS OoWrrts 220 

f t63 Asian Comma 3*5 

133 A9pnaR 138 

4*3 Mjny SSS 

16 AsHcEnorgr ® 

633 180 ASO 213 

• to 1 61 AUUHMC 93 

228 .185 3*^ 205 

,82 68 BTS&d 74 

J23, Bt Bemorq 81 

Sft 12 Bvnott 8 Rwnain 19’.- 
fc *S ■ 31 Bareons Cnsm «J 

“Id* r> BoWtey s Hay IS 1 * 
<■01 4i Pa rt u ti f E*p « 

434 278 Barketoy Go *» 

.38 16 0*0 'WWWS 17 

32 jS Btomednncs 32 

; 38^ 39 BOS 39 

135 • BB Hancftanfc 106 

218 165 9Mb*tfToy$ 210 

' 271 , 10 Praurmmr 20 

210 140 Bnut 155 

.196 125 OM . ISO 
.129 75 Bmanrq Sec 

290 206 Br BtaoMock 233 

;jr- 56 Br WtfKj 56 

32? 178 Brockmouir 328 

;,1SA. US flhjwn fcMrtmi I3fl 

355 2*5 &WM1D iemq 255 

■- A 2 - Ma R«mras 3 : 

73 CCA QeMBG BO 

.-160 126. CMLIAciO 180 

-86 « CPS Camp 

".42 28 CPU Camp 34 

1195- 130 CVD IBB 

.33)' 100 OMonen OH >00 

.115 TOO CampOB* 8 Am 100 

-MO 86 Cannon SOW In* 129 

i3*G- 213 Carnal 7V 330 

.99 64 OmeySaa 97 

.110 83 Oiodwomt Etrope 103 

18 7 CH*n Mathod* 7 

W iso OiaoiMe w 20 i 

-• 17* B*> cam 13 

•115 75 Ortapm PS 

U9S ISO C33rX6 COO 04* 1S1 

2H> 216 Oartomi Praps 255 

,2iV 11 Ctogou G<*J 15 'j 

•' 40 » Oun 04 HA 38 

91 87 Cosmo Bedroom 9i 

1 95 60 Cobra EmaraU 60 

-job 68 Cotorgan re 100 

r163 110 Conn FmaneWt 163 

> U 30 Compwd 30 

fllfl 74 Consuttams 104 

60 50 Cons Tarn Inn 55 

208 Cond HOWM 315 

JOB 85 CohMH 98 

■143 115 CPU 118 

-415 306 Crampnom 415 

’ 75 87 OanMOQii 68 

1 14 96 ' Cineack 112 

438 75 Croton Lodge 100 

J03 75 dm Hd 78 

97 75 Crusts 92 

i tt *8 DflE Toch 4S 

/378 118 HOT 175 

:140 78 Of See Alarms too 

. 91 71 Datron 80 

218 212 Danes |DYJ 214 

. 62 55 Daan A Banes 62 

,.29 20 Da Bran (Arart) 24 

'138 134 Dab*r 138 

57 41 Daurar 4G 

128 T0S Oencwa 12 8 

115 80 Denmans EMC 110 

-IBS TO 09n*ir Moral 121 

1236 130 Outnno 195 

460 345 Drue* 430 

':**’, 18': Ounton 22 

- 42 39 Eao* 39 

:(4S 107 Eife *3 Baa Op«CS 140 ' 

23'. 9 Ecobne 26 

'325 255 Ed" Fund 255 

43 26 tear S«X 26 

3» 244 Btmaga Pop* A‘ 374 

.148 120 Becjron house 135 

1 too 61 Etactranc Dm P 90 

33 26 ennea 29 

15 8 Emertanmem Prod 9 

: - 21D 183 Eou*pu 2TO 

"220 138 Hi 210 

■24t 151 FKB Gp 2*1 

90 56 FeedBWt 68 

.42 18 Fagrttook 26 

'V * s-sr* . ’3 

174 100 Flog* 174 

* 60 48 noydOe H 

■220 145 Prune" Com IBS ■ 

rST 65 Frasnwta 88 


Gross 
to* VW 

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06 44 120 
2.1 U T4.7 
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-2 01 7 A 11.7 

4-61 .. • 
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11.4 34 92 
U BO 210 
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S.6D 76 69 

6.4 79 75 

06 3.1 21 0 
.. .. 112 
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.. 60 
60 1-4 206 


.. 640 8.0145 

89 04 163 
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1-6 60 39 102 

+10 

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<0 7.1 102 
+25 52 19 179 

t .. OS 29 202 
.. 116 49 92 

1! 04 42119 

I .. • 26 14 176 
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174 100 Ftages 
* 60 48 Fkjyfl 0* 

'220 145 Franc" Cm 
.>91 85 Fresno** 


88 59 9.1 

• ♦5 36 29 192 

•10 179 54129 

• 3.1 3913.7 

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19 12 112 
09 23212 

• -8 107 49 122 


• . 3.1 12 299 

-8 29 9.7 52 

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. 7.1 129 369 

-6 5.7 1 8 124 

37 32 152 

• .. 39 21 172 

7 4 18 294 

. . 31 3 1 160 

B .. 7.6 &8 9.7 

• . . 22 28 21 1 

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1.0 1.1 14.5- 
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21 21 &£ 
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69 42 83 

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25 64 12.1 

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B . . D.4 12 19 4 

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14 135 49 
67 33119 

96 12266 
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.. 256 .. .. 

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72 41 119 
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«20 Mar awn 'A' 600 

04 flawed 146 

40 QetfTtaaan 41 

73 GMon Lyon 80 

100 CMS He* 14Q 

14 Often House 14 

32 SoW Co 40 

85 OOtMn WBfran uo 
88 Goodhert ftmt 112 
103 Good (Lauranea) 128 
80 Omasita 80 
120 Groan {&nmj 122 

19 GromHdi Cable 29 

33 GronenorSq B5 

ISO Ouemtey amk iao 
38 HBEMet 88 

SB Hsromn Hmcm 74 
36 Harm 38 

133 Hwey 6 Ttanp 187 
19B Hancock Europa 220 
28 KeUtt Caro 38 

383'i HBMOBB 430 

293 'r Oo'A'LV 380 

215 HkAPoH 280 

70 HUM Pari 74 
. 9 Hobson IO'i 

91 UMpon *1 

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105 HbSfiri Hytfnwan 1 » 
412 Homes 9 ftOM 880 
146 Home Krabert) 1 » 

134 Do ‘A 178 

200 Howard Qnxjp 319 

9 Hamrod Bee 9’> 

115 H*oer Saph* 153 
188 HwiBetfiTeeti 2*5 
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48 JusiRuHMr 87 

293 OP 3tt 

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720 KanyonSees 223 

55 Kaw* System* 76 

87'; KbrteTaMt 85 

113 W IP* M 93 

60 37 Lardfta 58 

12S 70 LacOW Thomson 103 

43 32 teem w 42 

118 100 Lewmar !U 

91 B2 Lodge Cara 82 

140 95 Lon A OydaaNle 125 

196 133 Loftn EM IBS 

62 24 Lysanoar Pel 20 

245 160 UtdTCamp 235 

160 101 MdJUtfWn & Her 123 
125 55 Mrafe Mam 73 

64 54 Abrenat 64 

175 92 Martin (RomtO) 183 

35 (B Mount 25 

116 101 M jybk C«y 115 
118 S3 Maynewsftiods 113 

270 200 Meadow Farm 230 
220 1 45 M«*a Tec" 161 

S7 75 MaBaraero 84 

10 9 Memory comp 13 

75 26 Maracom M NMgs 30 


Cti'qa pence S PjE 

.. 180 2.7 M7 

4.1 26 20.7 

• .. 94 59 12A 

+4 90 69 14 8 

97 26 453 
07 90 5)6 
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*} 91 26 169 

.. 42 98 199 

5.1 U 109 

•-a 90 - 60- 102 

+9 49 4JJ191 


148 *40 M wr f -Swe-n 140 

390 390 Merrydown W*te 355 

138 95 Mew Buleen its 

9'.- 4 Metal Seances 7 

99 71 Mamc 88 

95 59 McheMUedni BO 

760 360 Mcraftn 750 

220 118 MtoTOUea iso 

47 22 Mcrenttac 46 

163 82 MKtand Marts 148 

370 231 Matnanmar km 370 

428 26a MAh 33 428 

193 185 LSBwrd Brown 188 

220 130 MuWono 200 


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127 <25 Mustaitn 127 

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31 13 New Ct NM Hm 14 

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159 111 YaaowDanaaer 151 

53 32 YaHwrtan 43 

BO 37 York Mount . BO 

■ 49 25 York 9 Equty 49 

82 605 Do 8% £30 

27 18 ZygM DynanAcS 23 


Surveyors to vote on limited liability 


By Judith Huntley, Commercial Property Correspondent 


Members of the Royal Insti- 
tution of Chartered Surveyors 
-will vote on July 14 on 
rwhether to allow unlimited 
outside investment in their 
iifirms. a move which would 
allow them to adopt a corpo- 
rate rather than a partnership 
structure. 

The pressure for change is 
building up as surveyors face 


increasing competition. 

In the residential sphere it is 
coming from the banks, build- 
ing societies and other bodies 
who may soon offer services 
which have traditionally been 
the preserve of estate agents. 
In the commercial market, it 
comes from the financial 
conglomerates. 

A change in the RICS 1 rules 


to allow firms to become 
limited liability entities would 
open the door for practices to 
decide bow much, if any, 
outside investment should be 
allowed in their firms. 

This would enable them to 
obtain an injection of capital, 
float their companies on the 
stock market or allow outside 
investors to hold a stake 


Under present RICS rules, 
members wanting unlimited 
outside investment in their 
practices either have to accept 
non-director status in a new 
company structure to remain 
in the RICS or resign from the 
professional body in order to 
retain directorial control, of 
their own practices or to 
become directors of others. 


/ ; 


TOMORROW 
IS YOUR LAST DAY 
TO REJECT 
THE DIXONS OFFER 



|%j 




W00LW0RTHS 



WOOLWORTH HOLDINGS PLC 

' THIS ADVERTISEMENT 'S ^ W^WORfH HOIONGSPLC (-WOLWOffTHn. ThCDlRHCTQFE^WOOUWRTH AK . 


1 THEIWOTWT^ W , rTOADVERTlS&l£NT IS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE FACTS. THE DIRECTORS OF WOOUSfQRTH ACCEPT RESPONSIBILITY ACCORDINGLY 


COMMODITIES REVIEW 


Bulls are still in retreat 


Bulls in the commodities 
markets have learned to be 
optimistic animals. For most 
of the 1980s high interest 
rates, bountiful crops and 
weak industrial demand have 
combined to depress prices 
almost continuously beyond 
a few false dawns promised 
by signs of economic upturn 
or spells of inclementgrowing 
wpather. 

This year, the bulls told us. 
was going to be different, 
particularly for the base met- 
als markets. Great hopes were 
pinned on the rapidly foiling 
oil price which, it was hoped, 
would trigger a resurgence in 
global economic growth and 
prompt speculative investors 
to return from trading equi- 
ties and government bonds. 

(Oil, of course, is a com- 
- modify and is traded on the 
futures markets, but its 
unique importance in eco- 
nomic forecasting puts it 
apart from .traditional 
commodities). 

The evidence of the past six 
months suggests otherwise. 
According to The Economist 
all-item commodity index, 
prices have fallen by 2.8 per 
cent in dollar terms since the 
start of the year. The drop in 
sterling terms is 7.4 per cent, 
reflecting the pound’s ad- 
vance against the dollar since 
January. 

The problem, according to 
Mr Alan Davidson of 
Shearson Lehman Brothers, 


is that lower oil prices and 
interest rates have done little 
to stimulate industrial pro- 
duction and demand for base 
metals. “All we’ve got is 
higher real interest rates, 
sara Mr Davidson. 

Future trends are also pred- 
icated on economic growth m 
the major industrial coun- 
tries. but he is not looking for 
any spectacular rises as the 
quiet summer period starts. 

The result has been partic- 
ularly depressing, especially 
for copper and aluminium, 
the two metals which rely 
heavily on industrial offtake. 
Three-month copper futures . 
on the London Metal Ex- 
change, which exceeded 
£1,300 a tonne last year, 
struggled to stay at three and 
a halfyear lows of about £900 
yesterday, while the equiva- 
lent aluminium contract was 
quoted at £750, down from 
£1.075 just 15 months ago. . . 

What good news there has 
been for base metals has 
tended to emanate from the 
supply rather than the de- • 
mand side. A strike over new 
working systems at the Aus- 
tralian Broken Hill mine has 
perked up the zinc and lead, 
markets over the past month, 
with a dispute at the Noranda 
refinery ' m Quebec further 
underpinning zinc prices. ' . 

However, strikes cannot 
form a solid base on which to 
build a bull rally. This has. 
been amply demonstrated in 


the copper market, where 
new contract lows were 
reached in New York last 
Friday after newsf emeiged 
that Newmont Mining had 
reached a tentative pact with 
its unions that would, cut 
labour, costs by 20 per cent 

If one metal has shown any 
sign of breaking upwards it is 
platinum, which has risen 
from $340 to $430.an ounce 
this year, for outstripping the 
lethargic gold price on the 
way; On top of a possible 
supply deficit this year, plati- 
num could well get caught . up 
in the tangled diplomatic web 
being woven between West- 
ern Europe and South Africa. 

If sanctions are.' applied, 
said Mr Davison, Pretoria 
Could retaliate by cutting off 
platinum supplies. This 
would deprive the West of a 
vital industrial resource with- 
out doing too much damage 
to the South African treasury. 

There; has been little more 
joy forsoft commodities bulls 
and producers in the first half 
of 1 986. Coffee prices started 
the year with a bounce but 
have been on an almost 
uninterrupted decline since 
touching £3,000 a tonne in 
January, dragged down by 
daily bulletins reporting a 
lack of frost in Brazilian 
growing regions. Brazil’s an- 
nouncement last week of 
lower export prices pushed 
September futures as low as 
£1.695 yesterday. 


If growing Conditions have 
been good for coffee, they 
have been almost perfect for 
cocoa in both South America, 
and West Africa. To add to 
the problems of oversupply, 
m«yor cocoa-grpwing nations 
such as the Ivory Coast and 
Ghana, cannot afford to re- 
strict sales. 

The only glimmer of hope, 
say traders, is if the Ivory 
Coast decides to join a new 
international cocoa pact be-' 
ing discussed in Geneva next 
week. 

Surprisingly sugar, after 
four years of surplus crops, 
managed to generate a -good 
deal of excitement in the first 
half of the year as eariy i 
reports of the 1986-87 crop 
pointed to a sizeable deficit. 

Prices which had dropped, 
as low as 2'A, cents a pound 
last year swelled to three-year 
highs of 9 cents by mid-April. 
But the flow of good news 
dried up as crop- .prospects 
improved, and prices have 
retreated to about 6.4 cents. 

“We’re back to where we 
were at the start of the year, 
with limited offtake and lim- 
ited interest from the- 
speculators," said Farideh 
Bronsfidd of sugar traders 
E-D.&F.Man. It is a teriiaric 
that could fairly Well sum up \ 
the past six months ^-what- 
ever commodity ydu care to 
pick. : - 

Richard Lander: 


Tootal pays £7.5m for Clover Leaf 


Tootal the textiles group, is year it is estimating profits of 
acquiring the Cover Leaf £1 million, on a turnover of 
Group, a homeware supplier £12 million. Net assets at the 
to retail chains, for a maxi- year end were £3.7 million. 


mum price of £7.5 million. 

Clover Leaf supplies more 
than a third of its output to 
Marks and Spencer. It is a 
market leader in melamine 
kitchenware, table mats and 
decorative homeware. Its 
products are designed in Brit- 
ain and made at Swindon, 
Wiltshire, and in the Far East 
•• Mr Geoffrey Maddrell 
Tootal’s managing director, 
said the acquisition was the 
first of a series of moves, 
aimed at strengthening the 
group's base and moving it 
into high growth sectors. 

Cover Leal he said, should 
be seen as a catalyst for growth 
in homewares and home fur- 
nishings, where the company 
had strong links with the 
customers and a good under- 
standing of the markets. 

Cover Leaf made taxable 
profits of£4 1 6,000 last year on 
sales of £10.3 million. This 


The initial payment of £5.75 
million will be supplemented 
by a further £1.75 million, 
depending on profits over the 
next three years. 

In brief 

• ARAN ENERGY: The an- 
nual report for 1985 (figures in 
lr£000) shows turnover up to 
31,661 or £23. 1 million (27,074) 
and pretax profit on ordinary 
activities at £583 (270). 

• HAT GROUP: The company 
intends to propose to the hold- 
ers of the 8% unsecured loan 
stock 1990/95 for the early 
redemption of the stock at a 
price of £99.50 per £100 nom- 
inal of the stock. The stock is not 
due for final redeption until 
June 3a 1995. 

• WIGGINS GROUP: A divi- 
dend of 0.5p has been declared 
for the year to March 31. With 
figures in £000, turnover to- 
talled 63,718 (62,707) and gross 
profit 5.530 (4.996). 


• LEX SERVICE: The com- 
pany has completed the sale of 
the issued share- capital of Bees 
Transport to a company in 
which the senior management of 
Bees has a majority 
shareholding in a deal worth 
about £2.5 millioin in cash for 
Lex. 

• WIDNEY: Results for the 
half year to March 31 indude an 
interim dividend of 0.33p 
(0.2625pL With figures in £000, 
sales totalled 3,474 (3,434), 
pretax profit 125 (295) and 
earnings per share I. Ip (3. tpX 

• GRESHAM HOUSE: The 
annual report for 1985 reveals 
plans to increase die second 
interim dividend from 3p to 
3.45p. With figures in £000, 
dividends and interest income 
rose to I.22S (545), rental 


• COMPCO HOLDINGS: A 
dividend of 6.25p (S.2p) is being 
paid for the year to March 25. 
With figures in £000. net income 
from properties was up to 711, 
(657), pretax profit to 630 (459f 
and- net asset value to 501p 

• cSmpSOFT HOLDINGS: 
The dividend for the year to 
March 31 is being missed. With • 
figures in £000. turnover slipped: 
to 2.203 (2,400) and gross profit 
to 1.894 (2,052). Pretax -loss 
totalled 50 (profit 761) and loss 
per share was L2p (5.9p earn- 
ings). 

• LEOPOLD JOSEPH: A fi- 
nal dividend of 9.563p making 
12J75p (llJ25p) has been in- 
cluded in the results for the year 
to March 31. With figures- in 
£000. attributable profits after 


income to 1.245 (1.070) and j"' 1 ’"*?', JSS u S5 li S £ 
pretax profit to 576 (502). ST 

• ASSOCIATED PAPER IN- « WPP GROUP: The group is 


DUSTRIES: The company has 
conditionally agreed to acquire 
the whole of me . issued share 
capital of Tenza Tapes which 
achieved aggregate profits for 
the year to March 31 of £l.lm, 
before tax and transfers to 
Swedish non-taxed reserves. 


impany has acquiring Mando Photo (UK), a 
to acquire marketing and sales promotion 
sued share company, for an initial payment 
apes whmh 0 f £2 million in cash with- 
proms for further payments in cash or 
1 of J± Am ' shares based on profits and 
ransfers to subject to an overall maximum 
i reserves, of £10 million. 


Results 

Preference Share Issue and Conversion Proposals 
Proposed Capitalisation Issue 
Future Dividend Policy 


In the year under review we have achieved record 
results in almost every area of our activities. 

The mergerof S. G.Warbujg& Co. with three of the 
major Stock Exchange firms, Akroyd & Smirhers. 
Rowe &. Pitman and Mullens & Co. to form one of 
the leading Uxidon-based international merchant 
banking, securities and asset management groups 
was completed on 12th April Integrated broker-dealer 
operations by Mercury International Group in the 
U.K. will start on 27th October, 1986- Big Bang day 


• The_group has already been active throughout the 
year in developing its international operations on an 
integrated basis. Admission to the Tokyo Stock ■ 
Exchange in February made the group one of 

the first in the world to be members of the London, 
New York and Tokyo Stock Exchanges. 

• The meiger is the culmination of two years of 
planning and implementation and it is with great 
optimism that we look forward to building on this 
foundation to provide a new breadth and depth 'of 
service for the benefit of our clients, shareholders 
and employees alike. David Scholey. Chairman 


MERCURY SECURITIES pic 

Profit for die year ended 31st March. 1986. alter taxation and minority interests and 
after transfers by the S. G. Warburg & Co. Group to inner reserves, but before 

crediting extraordinary items totalling £17.5S2,000 (1985 £9,666,000).-. 

Earnings per share 

Interim dividend per share (in lieu of final ) — net 

AKROYD & SMITH ERS P.L.C. 

Profit for the fifty-five weeks ended 11th April, 1986. after taxation- and- minority 

interest, but before extraordinary items 

Interim dividend per share — net 

ROWE & PITMAN AND MULLENS & CO. 

Combined profits for rhe year ended 1 1th April. 1986 before taxation. 

MERCURY INTERNATIONAL GROUP pic 
PRO FORMA COMBINED FIGURES 

Profit for the year after taxation and transfers by the S. G. Warburg & Co. Group 

to inner reserves : — 

Attributable to Ordinary Shareholders. 

Total disclosed capital resources— - - 

ISSUE OF £97,748,000 7% per cent. PREFERENCE SHARES 
To Mercury Securities shareholders on the register on 1 2th April. 1986 

To Akroyd & Smithens shareholders on the register on 12th April. 1986. ' • 


1986 

1985 

£41.5m 

£28. 2m +473% 

94.2p 

64.3p +46.4% 

2I.0p 

■ I6.0p +512% . 

£53m 

£6.0m —12.6% 

4.0p 

4.0p \ 

£14.0m 

£7.1m +96.2% 


£59.3m 
£55-8m 
£44 1.8m 


£44. lm +34.5% 
£40.6m +37.4% 


To Mercury Securities shareholders on the register on 1 2th April. 1986 £2 1 5 nominal (approxjfor 

, every 100 Merairy Securities Shares. 

To Akroyd & Smithers shareholders on the register on 12th April. 1986. £14 nominal (s^^rax.) for 

every 100 Akroyd & Smithera 

CONVERSION PROPOSALS Ordinary Shares. 

Proposals to enable recipients to convert their new Preference Shares into Ordinary Shares of Meroiry International Group 
of equivalent market value will be sent to shareholders shortly 

PROPOSED CAPriALISATION ISSUE 

A one-for-one capitalisation issue of Ordinary Shares of Mercury International Group is proposed. 

FUTURE DIVIDEND POLICY 

Mercury International Group intends to pay an interim dividend, as well as a final dividend, in respect of each financial year 
on the Ordinary Shares. The first such interim dividend is expected to be paid in December, 1986 in respect of the half year 
ending 30th September. 1986. 

The merger of Mercury Securities pic, Akroyd & Smithen? P.LC, Rowe & Pitman and Mullens & Co. was 
implemented on 12th April. 1986 under the rame of Mercury International Group pic 
The Report and Accounts of Mercury Securities pk udl be posted to shareholders onltb July, 1986. Copies rm 
be obtained from The Secretary Mercury International Group pic. 33 King William Street. London EC4R9A& 

S. G. Wa rbuig & Co. Akroyd & Smithers 
Rowe & Pitman, Mullens & Ca 


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By Rkhard l ■ 

. •One of the great fears: of 
investors who. hold shares in . 
watargei companies- is. that 
lfl 4 ,r will -plummet m 
value, if . Uie bid. lapses, either 
because the bidder foils to get 
“tough, acceptances., or be- 
cause a reference to the Mo- 
nopolies : .^id ; Mergers 
Commissioii intervenes. 

.■:, It is a theory which sounds 
plausible. 

'After all, target stocks rise 
sharply when a bid is made 
and often before, if rumours 
are flying about in the-market. 

- Another - jump usual ly oc- 
curs when a revised offer u. 
parted and eventually, the 
• shares reach levels that cannot 
be justified on -fundamental 
grounds.- ^ 

Once the bid disappears, sc. 
the theory goes, the target 
company s shares tend to 
collapse, much' to the chagrin 
of those shareholders who did 
not sell m the market while the 
oner was on. the table. ' 

: However, ah empirical 
study by McKinsey & Co, the 
management consultants,' on 
the fate of shares .that .survive 
bids suggests otherwise. 

McKinsey is now in the 
thick of the takeover scene in 
its role as adviser, to Wool- 
worth “Holdings, which is try- 
ing to fight off the attentions 
of the Dixons Group. 

Its surprising findings are 
expected to be supported soon 
by an independent study of 
the same subject from Dr 
Julian Franks, of the London 
Business School 

He said: “It is an open 
question whether the bid pre- 
mium of successful defenders 
is eroded/or not” 

Me Kinsey's study looked at 
53 companies worth - more 
than £10 -million which have 
escaped the clutches of -their 
pursuers since 1980. 

Of the companies analysed, 
34 persuaded enough share- 
holders not to accept the bid, 
and the other 19 had the 
Office of Fair Trading to 
thank foir their survivaL 

Jhe study shows that in the, 
six' months from the date the 
bids lapsed, 61 percent of the 
companies outperformed the 
FT All-share index while the 
rest fared worse than the 
market. 

: fn this period, a theoretical 
unit trust which put equal 
amounts into each company 
on : the lapsing date would; 
have bettered jbe- market by 
6.7 percent although has this 
portfolip heen held to date the 
margin .Would have dropped 
tbJGtTpo^ent : . 

Shares in referred compa- 
nies .beat, the FT All-share 
index by an average of 14.2 
per cent over the following six 
months, as against !.9percent 
for shares in failed bid targets. 

Held to date, the portfolio 
of the referred companies 
would have beaten the market 
try 7.8 per cent, while invest- 
ments in other shares would 
have trailed behind by 3.6 


STOCK MARKET REPORT 


Beecham price rise 

takes American 

investors by surprise 


LENDING 

RATES 


Cffitenfc Savings! , — 10-75* 

Consolidated Cnis- 10.00% 

CoH&nental Trus t — . — 10.00* 

Co-operalJVB Bank 10.00% 

C. Hoare.& Co 10-00% 

HongKong Shanghai- 10 jOO% 

iloytis Bank 10-00% 

RU Hfestmmster 10D0% 

Royal Bank of Scotland— 1000% 

TS8_~. -10.00% 

Citibank HA — 1M0% 

f Moftw Base IbK. 


Takeover favourite Beecham 
was giving New York inves- 
tors a tough time yesterday as 
the price raced away in after 
hours trading with a 9p rise to 
a peak of 430p. 

Speculation in the market 
that the group was about to 
announce the appointment of 
a new. chairman and chief 
executive and continuing 
whispers of a foil bid from IQ 
caught many American inves- 
tors on the hop. 

"Most of them had been 
sellers of the -shares in the 
form of American Depositery 
Receipts on Wall Street late on 
Friday and had been hoping to 
cover their positions when 
dealings resumed in London 
yesterday. 

This followed reports that 
one big US investment bank 
had attempted to raise S5 

Tiphook, the container and 
trailer rental group, has bene- 
fited after swrtchfeg advisers 
from Barclays Merchant Bank 
to N.M. Rothschild. Yester- 
day the price leapt 32p to a 
peak 3l5p. Several institB- 
tions are trying to pick up 
stock and the next stop could 
be 350p. 

billion in the New York bond 
market to finance a bid for 
Beecham. 

But profit-taking on the 
back of- the report foiled to 
materialize and it looks as 
though a number of transat- 
lantic.investors are now silting 
on some hefty losses. 

The market has been specu- 
lating for some time about the 
appointment of a new chair- 
man and chief executive fol- 
lowing last November's 
resignation of Sir Ronald 
Halstead. His' job is currently 
being shared by Lord Keith of 
Castleacre, temporary chair- 
man, and Mr John Robb, chief 
executive. Last night Beecham 
was unavailable for comment. 

American investors also ap- 
peared to be getting them- 
selves into a tangle over 


By- Michael Clark 

Cadbury Schweppes, the con- 
fectionery and soft drinks 
group, which has been another 
favourite of theirs in recent 
weeks. The shares jumped 4p 
to l$7p with some of them 
prepared to chase the price 
sharply higher, following de- 
tails of the group 

The rest of the equity 
market opened the new ac- 
count on a firm note as funds 
became more available from 
the Thames Television and 
Morgan Grenfell new issues. 

The news of £299 million 
agreed bid by Next for Grat- 
tan, the mail order group, also 
helped to breathe new life into 
the market Dealers reported a 
healthy increase in turnover as 
the rise in share prices contin- 
ued to gather momentum. 

The FT 30-share index 
closed at its highest level of the 
day 12.7 up at 1,367.1, while 
the broader FT-SE 100 index 
rose 10.7 at 1.649.8. 

Losses in gilts extended to 
£'h as hopes of an early cut in 
interest rates evaporated fol- 
lowing last .week's warning by 
the Bank of England about 
reducing rates too quickly. 


Also awaiting bid news. 
Rotafiex shares tinned anoth- 
er 18p to 473p. The group is 
already the subject of an 
unwanted £52 million ap- 
proach from Emess Lighting, 
which claims this is its final 
offer. Bui last week Rotafiex 
announced that it was in talks 
with MK Electric, down 3p at 
368p ex-dividend, which it 
hopes will play the role of 
awhile knight and save it from 
the clutches of Emess, un- 
changed at 322p. 

fn properties, Edgerton 
Trust, the old Caparo Proper- 
ties run by Mr Swraj Paul, 
leapt (2p to HOp following a 
mention in Saturday's market 
report in The Times. 

Textile group Ctartanlds 
continued to benefit from the 
recent trip to its Barcelona 

Rights issues need not always 
be bad news for the investor. 
In Costain’s case it should be 
treated as good news, accord- 
ing to Savory MiDn, the 
broker. Savory saysh should 
not be seen as a way of 
reducing debt, bat as a reflec- 


APPOINTMENTS 


Man ex; Mr John Penrose 
has joined the board. 

• MAB Services: Mr Robert 
Ashley has become financial 
director. 

King & Shaxson Holdings: 
Mr J D Mackinnon has. been 
made a director and a manag-. 
ing director of King & Shqxon 
Lid. 

Merrill Lynch Europe: Mr 
Jeffrey Chandor, Mr Richard 
Lutyens, Mr - Nahum 
Vaskeritch and Mr Eric 
Wilkes are now managing 
directors and have been elect- 1 
ed to . the- management 
committee. 

- Siemens: Sir John Lang 
Taylor is now chairman. Mr 
J aergen Gehrels has been 
made managing director. Mr 
Hannes Vahl has rejoined the 
board as a' non-executive 
director. 




TEMPUS 


Mercury Internationa 
profits take wing 



reducing rates too quicKly. reducing debt, bat as a reflec- 
Among the h^ Street (ion of tl ^groep’s potential for 
tanks National Westounrter expansion. It rates the shares, 
slipped 3p to 5I9p after Dp 6p at 550p as a boy. 
confirmation that its recent — — 

£700 million-plus rights issue factory by a number of City 
had been taken “P- Tbe rump malyi with a 6p rise to 306p 
wm placed o ik market - just 9|> short rf the jSrt 
without too much trouble. hii. 

Struggling Raine Industries, ~T , . 

the residential and commer- . The analysts were dearly 
rial estate developer, rose impressed with what they saw 
another 4fcp to 75ttp, still “d it looks as though the 
awaiting details of the bid shares are due for another 
approach from a mystery pri- rerating. The quality of earn- 
vate company. ings from fibres has increased. 

Until recently, the group's whiIe costs on tbe viscose side 
bi gge st ou tside shareholder continuing to foil, provid- 
was Mr David AbeFs Suter, in 8 ^ Ptiup with increased 
but Suter recently reduced its opporunity. 
holding to 1J million stora Brokers such as de Zoete & 
(4.93 per cent). Con-Mecn Be van now feel that its profits 
Ehgineere accounts for anoth- estimate of £168 million for 
ct 1.493 million shares, or {t, e curre nt year, against £143 
5.66 per cent of the total. Last minion Iasi time, is now more 
year Raine saw pretax profits obtainable. It may even 

&L?lcTSvv?/rrfnonfvi ,d ^ ch oose to raise its forecast 
from £61 5,000 to £408.000. j n thf year. 


Sir John Lang Taylor 

Touche, Remnant & Co: 
Mr Nicholas Fitzgerald and'. 
Mr C Michael Gregory, are 
now on the board. 

TI Group: Mr Howard 
Atkins has been made a 
director. 

Hepworth Ceramic Hold- 
ings: Mr F Sinclair Thomson 
has been named group chief 
executive. 

The Builder Group: Mr 
Nigel Wafmsley has become a 
non-executive director. 

Spencer Clark Metal Indus- 
tries: Mr Howard Dyer has 
been made managing director. 


-w ^ v _ **\.' m * + 



;; %*■* »*!£ 



RECENT ISSUES 



1‘ 




k Vr*ii 


ap«py4p) 

Buck f!47p) 

Br island (BOp) 
Brodero (I45p) 
CampbeB-Armstrc 
Clarke Hooper (t 
Coated Etoctrode 
Dalepadc (107p) 


topax <145p) 
Monotype {5/p) 
Savage (tOOp) 
SmaBbone (1&5p) 
Soundtracks wop)' 
Task Force J9Sp) 
Tempteton (215p) 
Teni^» bids ( 11 ^ 3 ) 


125-3 

153 

110+3 

175-3 

35-1 

110 

210 

118 


Rva Oaks N/r 
Friendly Hotels N IP 
ibstock Johnson N/P 
Leigh Interests N/P 
Nat West F/P 
Pineapple N/P 

(Issue price In brackets). 


14«* +4'» 
5’? +'* 
26-2 
1’j 

519 

14+2 




Joergen Gehrels 
BBC Television: Mr CKff 
Taylor has been made deputy 
director, planning and re- 
source management, . 
television. 

STC Defence Systems: Mr 
Dennis Head has become 
divisional director (Northern 
Ireland) and Mr Alan Higgs is 
now marketing director' 
(Northern Ireland). 


Results reported by the mer- 
chant banks are usually unin- 
formative. but yesterday’s 
offering from Mercury Inier- 
national was particularly, 
impenetrable. 

The picture is confused by 
the acquisitions of the two 
Siockbroking firms. Rowe & 
Pitman and Mullens, and the 
jobbing firm, Akroyd & 
Smiihers. 

As they will be fully con- 
solidated from April 12 this 
year, it is simplest to concen- 
trate on the pro forma results 
.to March 31and the compar- 
atives for the previous year. 
This shows that, bad tbe 
acquisitions been consolidat- 
ed for the last two years, 
profit after , tax would have 
risen by 34 per cent from 
£44.1 million to £59J 
million. 

On an actual reported ba- 
sis. profits rose 47 J per cent - 
to £41.5 milion. 

. In a year of exceptional 
takeover and merger activity 
and booming stock markets 
.worldwide, it was difficult for 
stockbrokers not to make 
money, and Rowe & Pitman 
and Mullens were no excep- 
tions. Profits before tax dou- 
bled from £7.1 million to £14 
million. 

Within the merchant bank- 
ing business, corporate fi- 
nance activity was important. 
The group did its share of 
merger and acquisition work 
and share and debt issues. 
Bui the bank points out that 
its success rests not on these 
activities alone but on the 
broad base of all its opera- 
tions. especially banking and 
its £14 billion offunds under 
management. 

Tbe year to next March win 
be a year of unprecedented 
change in the City. On Octo- 
ber 27. big bang day. 
Mercury's merged Stock Ex- 
change firms will be ready to 
start integrated broker-dealer 
operations. 

And as one of the leading 
London-based international 
merchant banking, securities 
and asset management 
groups. Mercury has been 
expanding its interests. 

In the rapidly changing 
securities business, profits are 
especially hard to forecast. 

Martin Green, an analyst at 
the stockbroker Smith New 
Court Agency, forecasts 
1986-87 group profits after 
tax up 6 per cent to £63 
milhOB,- giving folly diluted 
earnings per share of 73p. 


This puts the shares on a 
multiple of 1 1.3. 

' If.transfers to hidden re- 
serves are as much as 25 per 
cent, the .multiple falls to 9. 
not a demanding multiple, 
but perhaps greater disclo- 
sure would improve it 

Bine Arrow 

When times get hard, the 
chairman cuts a swathe 
through his £30.000-a-year 
middle management But the 
office “temps" are kept on to 
the bitter end. 

So it is not surprising that 
recruitment agencies such as 
Blue Arrow are enjoying 
boom business. 

The company yesterday 
celebrated its imminent de- 
parture from the ranks of the 
USM to the main market by 
announcing record pretax 
profits .of £2.2 million for the 
half year to the end of April 
with the best still to come. 

The rapid increase over the 
£90.000 last time owes much 
to the five-month contribu- 
tion of about £800,000 from 
Brook Street Bureau. 

The group's position as the 
largest employment services 
operation in the United King- 
dom has been bolstered by 
the acquisition of Hoggfitt 
Bowers, which specializes in 
placing top executives, and 
will make its profit debut in 
the second half. 

The next big step, likely 
before the end of the year, 
should involve the acquisi- 
tion of an employment ser- 
vices company in the United 
States. 

Blue Arrow's cleaning side 
has been boosted by the 
acquisition of Reliance 
Cleaning and with the busi- 
ness travel and financial ser- 
vices division also doing well 
predictions from the market 
of a £7.75 million total for the 
foil year do~ itoi look wide of 
the mark. 

For next year £14 million 
seems well in prospect. 

First National 
Finance 

Stock market investors have 
been slow to appreciate the 
sea change that has taken 
place at First -National 
Finance. 

The company left .the Bank 
of England's life boat more 
than - a year ago -and 
yesterday's interim figures 


demonstrate how well it 
adapted to dry land. 

Profits were up from £9.12 
million to £13.4 million btf 
fore tax, even though there 
was no contribution from 
TCB (formerly Twenties 
Century Banking) which Fiiil 
National acquired from P&® 
near the end of the half yeari, 

Consumer credit will con- 
tinue to dominate tbe group: 

While the company sa 
there is plenty of scope f 
expanding this business the. 
emphasis is likely to be on the 
new corporate banking 
business. * r - 

Its asset base will be boost 
ed over the next three or four; 
years by the redeployment tif- 
the money at present tied up 
in the company's remaining.. 
900 London flats, which are' 

to be sold. i * 

As anyone- will know who 

has had the unfortunate exp&i 
rience of trying to buy resi-. 
dential property in London 
the. average selling price of, 
these flats is likely to be about. 
£50,000, depending oni 
location. 

Even allowing for the cost 
of refurbishment prior to, 
disposal that suggests thajt 
First National could raise, 
more than £34 million, 

The disposals will alsd: 
produce good profits as the! 
flats have a book value of-; 
between £10,000 and £12.000^ 
each. 

Allowing for refurbishment - 
costs annual profits might- 
amount to £5.5 million, 
suming a steady disposal , 
programme over four years. . 

Accepting these as nothing- 
more than badc-of-an-enve- _ 
lope sums, the figures suggest - 
that First National's shares' 
are undervalued. 

At 208p the whole compa- 
ny has a price tag of £260. 
million, leaving the the con- 
sumer credit, banking, and' 
other smaller business which 
for tax reasons include 
housebuilding, valued on just 
eight limes earnings (diluted 
for the loan, stock). 

The payment of an interim 
dividend, the first interim for ■ 
1 2 years, of !25p suggests the 
total payout for the year will' 
be at least 5.63p. given the 
company’s intention to pay 
40 per cent of the total at the- 
half-year stage. 

On that basis the yield is 
3.8 per cent. The rating 
reflects more on First I 
National's watery past than' 
on its future. 


British wine profit margins 
face Spanish tax pressure 


- -- By Derek Harris, Industrial EtStor 

Manufacturers of wines made The move has come as ably well” there are some 
in Britain from imported ma- Spanish sherry producers axe problem areas. -For instance, 
teriais, typically the British complaining about duty dis- while some products pay duty 
sherries, are ficins a possible crimination in Britain favour- when in their final form others 


sherries, are foahg a possible 
shake-up on taxation. It could 
affect pricing policies and 
profit margins in a sector 


ing the British-made wines as can be made by blending 
they are known in the trade to ingredients on which duty has 


itiate them from wine 


which accounts for neatly , a produced from grapes harvesfr- 
lenlh of all wine sales .in ed in Britain. 


Britain. 

The main producers of 
these wines are Vine Products, 
part of Allied-Lyons, and 
jJ. Mathers based in Leeds. 

Talks are currently in 


The Spanish have attempt- 
of ed in the past to keep the 
ts, sherry name exclusively for 
nd the Jerez product, but the 
British sherry description has 
in been protected for 10 years by 


progress between the drinks EEC rules. With Spain now ip 
trade and the Customs and the Common Market it is 
Excise for possible realign- expected to put as much 
mem in the way a number of pressure as it can to protect its 
drinks are taxed. Other drinks sherry interests, 
which could be affected are The taxation threat has 
new-style low-alcohol emerged because Customs and 
“coolers” and lower gravity Excise believes that while the 
beer. duty structure works “reason- 



announces that its 

MORTGAGE LENDING RATE 
will be reduced from 
10.75% to 1029% 

with effect from 
Tuesday 1st July 1986. 


The Mortgage Corporation Limited, 


been paid without then at- 
tracting a recalculated end- 
product duty. 

Such blending can be of 
ingredients taxed at different 
rates because they are of 
varying alcoholic strength. 

Traditionallty it has been 
permissible to blend made- 
wines from ingredients sepa- 
rately taxed. In practice 
blending has largely been of 
some British sherries. 

The expectation in the trade 
is that a rationalization simi- 
lar to that brought in by tbe 
vermouth producers will be 
necessary for made-wines. In 
some- cases this could reduce 
their price advantage leaving 
tbe makers with the option of 
raising prices or accepting 
more squeezed profit margins. 

The cooler drinks, often 
mixtures of fruit juice or 
mineral water with a base of 
wine,' spirits, beer or cider, 
have been increasingly pro- 
moted in Britain in the last 
two summers although so for 
they have failed to take off in 
the way they have in North 
America. 

The problem is that they are 
taxed at present according to 
their alcoholic base ingredient 
and this brings anomalies. A 
beer-based cooler, because it 
would be classified as a made- 
wine, could attract about four 
times as much duty as a wine- 
based cooler. 


Cookie firm 
opens first 
British shop 

Mrs Fields Cookies, 
America’s largest freshly- 
baked cookie company; whose 
Unlisted Securities Market de- 
but left underwriters with 84 
per -cent of the 30 million 
shares, has taken its first shop 
in Britain. 

The company has opened 
400 sq ft premises in the 
Trocadero Centre, the leisure 
and retail complex in Piccadil- 
ly Circus, London, developed 
by Electricy Supply Nomi- 
nees, the pension fund for the 
electricity industry. . - - 

Colliers Bigwood & Bewlay. 
the-estate agent acting for Mrs 
Fields, is looking for another 
MBhi .stores this year. . . 


This advertisement is published by S.G. Warburg & Co. Lid. on behalf of Dixons Group 
pic ("Dixons"). The Directors of Dixons are the persons responsible for the information 
contained in this advertisement To the best of their knowledge and belief (having taken 
all reasonable care to ensure that such is the case] the information in this advertisement 
is in accordance with the bets. The Directors of Dixons accept responsibil ity accordingly, 







OFFER FOR 
WOOLWORTH 


| DIXONS INCREASED OFFER WORTH | 


807*6p 


WOOLWORTH SHARE PRICE 


695-Op 



Dixons increased offer is final. Acceptances should 
be received by 1.00p.m. on 2nd July, 1986. 

The increased offer will close at 1.00 p.m. on 2nd July, 1986 unless it has by or on that date become 
unconditional as to acceptances. Dixons has reserved the right, however, to revise, increase, and/or extend 
the increased offer in a competitive situation. If you require copies of documents, further information, or 
assistance in completing your Form of Acceptance, please contact S. G. WSrburg & Co. Ltd. at: 

33 King William Street. London EC4R9AS. telephone 01-280 2222. 


7he value of Dixons increased offer (based on the value of Dixons 
securities being offered in exchange lor Wfoolworth Shares) has 
been computed by reference to a price for Dixons Ordinary 
Shares of 332p, based on market prices at 3^0p.m. on 30th 
June, 1986. after adjusting for Dixonsforecast 1985/86 final 
dividend of 2.4225p (net) per share, and an estimate of the value 
of a Dixons Convertible Preference Share of S£T.45p. 


Gazenove & Co., stockbrokers to Dixons, have confirmed that 
based on market conditions on 30th June. 1986. a reasonable 
estimate of the value of each Dixons Convertible Preference 
Share would have been 97.45p. 

The val ue of a Woolworth Share, which is quoted on an - 
ex-dividend basis, has been based on market prices at ' 
3.30p.m. on 30th June. 198$ 


m\ 

iM\ 

gteji 

M I 

3* 

•M& I 


J 













Ill _i- 




FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 


WALL STREET 


New York (Reuter) - Wall two margin on a total or 15 
Street shares advanced in million shares traded, 
early trading yesterday, Panhandle Eastern led the 
buoyed by talk of lower inter- active issues, up Vi to 49 Vi. It 
est rates and end-of-quarter has received a $50-a-share bid 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 


FOREIGN EXCHANGES 


SL 


COMMODITIES 


fond buying, traders said. from Star Partners. 

Merger-related trading con- „ , . , 

tinned to provide support, with _ rose one point to 

a number of active shares 54 h and Sanders Associates 
boosted by takeover "toS 1 "- 


speculation. 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average was op 239 points to 
1,887. Advancing issues ted 
declining issues by a three-to- 


The transportation average 
was op 130 points to 779.01, 
utilities were up 131 points to 
199.91. Stocks advanced 1.74 
points to 75533. 


Jun Jun 
27 26 




iplWw 


~n Ti llfr i' 1 • I t T 

iiiiiig 

iVCTlII iUlfiMTI 1111 I 

ii i 1 1 1 w 

SHBS&s ES® 5E3S S2II 




m 



Q 





1V1MSI 


110-210*3 


I ( J l >M (Tt.* M 

j f i i 

f ; ^ i ; /y f L-f 

nrnnfTT? 







MONEY MARKETS AND GOLD 


BnaRim% 

Oeartng Banks 10 
Finance House lOfc 

OMeowrtMarfwt Lows % 
Overnight High: 11 Low 10 
W®ek fixe* fQH 

Treasury 03te (Discount %) 
Buying Selma 

2 rmitfi 9«*> 2 moth 9'*u 

3 mrith g»jj 3mntti Shi 


EURO MONEY DEPOSITS % 


Hang Kona 
Portugal 


1 mnth sr'j.'.9' J i* 2 mirth 9'i-9*i* 
3 mnth 9 '-6-9% 6 mnth 9H-S'» 

TrttteBffls (Discount %) 

1 ninth 10 I! >m 2 mnth 1014 

3 mnth IO'i* 6 mnth 9% 


Donor 

7 days G'WA 
3 mnth 6 l> i*-fi"r8 
De ttt ad um fc 
7 days 4*i*4>* 

3 mnth AH-4VS 
French Franc 
7 days 7*-7* 

3 mnth T’m-T** 
Swim Franc 
7 days 3K-3* 

3 mnth 5U-54 

Yen 

7 days 4H-4* 

3 mnth 4S-4% 


cafl 734-Mi 

1 mnth 6' 1 i*- ,3 i» 
6 mnth G' a r*- ,, i* 
cal 4K-JM 

1 mnth 4%-&% 

6 mnth 

cal 744-654 

1 mnth 7y,-7* 

6 mitt) 7 , »-7Vie 
cal 1H-H 

1 mnth S^is-S'ib 
6 mnth S'tfl-4'tia 
cal 5-4 

1 mnth 4*4-4% 
6mnth.4"it-4*is 


LONDON COMMOOITY 
EXCHANGE 

GW .toyman and Co report 
&JGAA (From C. Ctanrikow) 
FOS 

<4ug 146JM5.0 

Ocf 1S5.3-55.Q 

Dec 159.0-585 

March 1682-08.0 

May 173.0-71-8 

Aug 176.0-755 

$3? - 2330 

mwi 

Juty 1259-55 

Sept 1^-90 

Dec . 1333-31 

March 1363-52 

May h 1383-78 

July 1399-92 

Scot ._ 1416-10 

VbT 3106 

COFFS 

July _ 1670-67 

Sept ..- 1706-06 

NOV 1750-45 

Jan - 178654 

March 1817-12 

May 1845-40 

July 187050 

VdC 1536 

SOYABEAN 

Aug 121.1-205 

Oct 121.621.2 

Dec 1225-215 

Feb . 125.0-245 


Pric* In C per metric tonne 
SBwr to peace per trojr ounce 
Rudotf Wolf A Co. Ltd. report 

CCPPEff HIGHER GRADE 
Cash 671-872 

Vol n/a 

Tone Steadier 

COPPER GRADE A 
Smooths 911-912 

Vol n/a 

Tone Steadier 

STANDARD CATHODES 


Cash 

■871-872 

Vol 

n/a 

Tone 

St8«fer 

LEAD 

Cash __ 

2SK61 

Three Months . 

261-282 

Vot ... 

. — n/a 

Tone — 

Staadtor 

ZINC STANDARD 

Cash „ 

457-482 

Thra* Months ...... 

n/a 

Vbl 

^ n/a 


MEAT AND LIVESTOCK 
COMMISSION 
Average fatstocfc price at 
repnuwitativemarieetSM 

June 30 

ffi:Catfte.sa34pfWifgM- 
CT: gleep 155 15p per kg est 

GStPigs^S 76ppef kgtw 
1+0.39) 

England and Wales: 

Came nos down is5>. ave 


April . 10350 10350 
May 10350 10300 

VoL( 

LONDON MEATFUTURES 
EXCHANGE 
B«f Contract 

Friday's nvmmmunHui. 

p - per Mo 


wwm 



Apr „ 128625.0 

June 1255-245 

Aim _ 1255-24.0 

Voh 170 

GASOIL 

July 1 >0.50-00 

Aug 11200-11.75 

Sept 114.75-1450 

Oct™.: 117.75-1750 

Nov 120.00-1950 

DSC 123.00-2250 

Jan 125.00-2250 

Feb 127.00-1750 

March 135.00-17.00 

Vol: 2841 


Tone ~Z ... n/a 

ZINC HIGH GRADE 

Cash 523-524 

Three Months 52755285 

Vd - n/a 

Time Steady 

SILVER LARGE 

Cash 332-334 

Three Months 339-341 

Vol n/a 

Tone . Very Steady 

SILVER SMALL 

Cash 332-334 

Three Months 339-341 

Vol n/a 

Tone — idle 

ALUMMUM 

Cash 7525-7535 

Thrae Months .._ 7535-7545 
Vol - u n/a 

Tone Steadier 

NICKEL 

Cash ; 2835-2640 

Dm Months 2645-2650 

Vol n/a 

Tone Steady 


§haeptK» down 15.8 *. aw 
moe. i55J23p(-053) 

Scotland: 

Cattle nos. down 1.6 V ave 

pr«Ll53.B0p(+l6#) 

Pig nos. down ave 

price. 7&08PH-&23) 

LONDON GRAIN FUTURES 
Eper tonne 


r-'hwi'K' l 

r'a 1 1 ■r"Q <1 ^ 

■Ti.i 


Month 

July 

Sept 

Nov 

Jan 

March 

May 
Volume: 
Wheat .. 
Bariey .. 


Wheat Bariey 
Close Close 
mOO 

99.95 99.16 

10255 102.60 

10650 1t&85 

106-45 108.00 

11055 wqted 


lix 1 'ilrl 


vatuiia. 

LONDON MEAT FUTURES 
EXCHANGE 

Friday's figure* arc Mua ta wli a Ww 
Pig Meat 
p.perkie 

Month Open Ctose 

July 102.90 102-80 

Aug 101.80 101-80 

Sept 10750 10750 

Ofl 11050 11050 

n£, 11150 111.50 

jSi 10150 10150 

S5 10250 10250 

March 10150 .10150 


.75-5450) 


INVESTMENT TRUSTS 


Am*. Trust 

Ang Aroer Sec 

Aosnoc Asms 
Barters 


LONDON FINANCIAL FUTURES 


Three Month Starting 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 _.. 

Jun 87 

SepB7 

Dec 87 — 

Previous day's total opc 
Three Month Eurodofia 

Sep 86... 

Dac 86 

Mar 87 

Jun 87 

US Treasury Bond 

Sep 86 — 

Dec 88 :... 

Mar 87 

Short GUI 

Sep 86 

Dec 66 

Mar 87- 

Li^GHt 

SepBS 

Dec 88 - 

Mar 87 

Jun 87 

FT-SE 100 

Jun 86 

Sep 86_ 



High 

B0£4 

Um 

90jBQ 

CXOHt 

90-80 

Est Vol 
1338 

90.97 

90.98 

9096 

9036 

17 S 

N/T 



9005 

0 

NfT 



90.63 

0 

N/T 



90.49 

0 

N/T 



9036 

0 


n interest 15382 

__ 9357 

.._ 93-29 

.... 33.09 

- 9250 


Previous day s total open interest 17456 
93.42 9356 93.40 3201 

9354 9358 9352 543 

93.17 93.08 93.11 279 

9254 9250 9251 8 

Previous day's total open Interest 6020 
99-10 9854 9901 6535 

98-15 98-13 98-10 4 


Previous day's total open interest 982 
102-09 102-12 102-06 1024)7 115 

N/T 0 

N fT 0 

123-02 123« 8ViOU 1^05 to,a, 1ffl5e la,8 S^ 33 

122-16 122-16 122-13 121-28 70 

N/T 121-22 0 

N/T 121-18 0 

Previous day's total open interest 2828 
163.50 164.15 16350 164.10 277 

16650 167.05 168.10 16850 282 


238 139 
<49 in 
143 110 
36* 314 
<90 13* 
698 420 
206 17G 
117 100 
ISO 119 
374 284 
154 136 
' SO*.- 73 
158 IIS 
110 85 

202 142 
348 ZB7 
120 ^ 
558 480 
193 145 
345 284 
134 84V 
140 109 
702 <a®0 
158V123 
147 123 
182 143 


Hr Emm Sec 
Br Inv 
Bfimnar 
Conanantffl 
OmcM_J4pan 
Dwtiy Ine 
Po Cap 
DrartOri Cons 
Drevui FCr Ens! 
Drayton Japan 
OundM Lon 
Etm Amar AsaM 


112 

776 *1 

13< . 

35* -2 

10S +1 

118 -1 

2*5 
H'l 
*Ol 

4iB a-t 
as • 

845 *410 

2 « +2 

149 *1 

127 -3 

3ZZ 
174 


am £8 43.4 
298 38 37.1 
.44 33 378 
88 2J&55J 
08 08 .. 
39 384U 
Mb 08 .. 
2-7 4.B 32.7 

oj i.7 as 
21 J U 288 
33 38448 
3Mb 17 368 
08 02 .. 
£28 81178 

148 48 317 
18 OB ' 


EriBbn tat 

a^wr^ax 

Enawn 

F AC Aaanca 

fac Paofc 

Flna Sect Anw 
first t» Gan 
Flamng anmai 
Benng Ce«ar 
Ramng EMmita 
F V nVrg Far Eon 

EEESSr 9 

Fuming MorartWo 
FJwVng Ovaraaas 
FSommg Tech 
Fienwn Unvaraal 
For c3 
QSC Captol 
GT Japan 
Gan wot Funds 
Ganaral Cons 
Baugow Stack 
(Un 

Qovw AUandc 
Govall Orisnni 
Qom» Graagy 


696 

+6 

1.4 

& .. 

IN 

• +1 

Ub 40 354 

TOO 

-1 

09 

00 852 

143 

•-1 

4J 

13 42.1 

300 


64 

10 010 

154 

• *2 

50 

30 390 

60 


2J7 

22 540 

168 


20 

13 870 

110 

• . 

£6 

£4 570 

202 

+3 

£1 

10780 

316 

+2 

142 

40 303 

75 

• . 

87 

110 02 

547 

• -0 

12 

10 897 

175 

-1 

72 

+2 33.7 

330 


t£Sb 19+02 

121 

• 

14 

12 .. 

13S 


30 

20 515 

097 

+5 

52 

OB .. 

158V 

+1 

81 

02 410 

141 


19 

20 487 

154 


32 

£1 65.5 

392 

• 

80 

22 817 

88 

+'j 

£1 

24 681 

86 

-1 



100 

+3 

£0b 1.1 .. 

1B7 


20 

1.7 870 

310 


130 

5.1 272 

133 


32 

£5 543 

344 

• 

187 

40 295 

140 


40b 20a3.fi 

200 

• +8 

32 

1.7 87.7 

225 

+2 

81 

£2 630 


335 244 Graanfiiar 
250 215 Gresham House 
194 158 Hamorus 
307-283 FMiP) 

25 522 £»«!« fiuecaas 

284 2U kiv C^p 
59 45 Japan assets 
101 BO KMnwort Cfteur 
■32 no KMwon O ‘eaas 
28a 237 KUMon Smear 
233 IBS Law Dabanture 
TO 58 Lon Merchant Sac 
71 ei Lon Trust 
128 102 Wrcri a nt e 

197 16l Monks 
ISO 128 Umray tncome 
1» 137 Munay nu 
2W 215 UwraySmal 
Uaa 318 Murrey Venture 
«40 390 . New Caul 
68 49 Nn Penan OB 

1» 15B 928 
83'.- 50 'j Nwffwog |nc 83 
2UO J*5 Kaw Trttyo 
329 278 N9lAMm£src 
ai 37 . NO) Sea Assets 
382 279 Mhn Amer 
178 145 OuSMCfi 
78 gq Paafc Anars 
38 33 DoWnu 

« ^ gw 

405 33B Raeburn 
171 147 RMer • Marc 
258 216 NharPtn 
247 207 flobnoo 
227 181 Romeo 
328 2*7 Ramnay 
13* U'.-nonmto 
138 116 - St Andrews 
874 297 Scotdsn 
319 273 Scot American 
m 88 Seal Eastern 
420 390 Sea) Mere ‘A* 

S25 402 3cot Mm 
318 2*5 Saw Nat 
670 570 Second AMsnca ( 
170 83 S«C or Seodarel 
TO 67 Smalar Css 
38'r 35 Stevrsrt Entarp 


2.4 07 . 

6.3 29 272 

6.4 35 428 

154 54 26.0 

82 12 .. 
6.6D 24 772 
0.1 02 . 
34 36 414 


9.0 3.9 28.1 

32 54 15.1 

61a 92 217 
6.1b SuO 319 
3.7 12 7-0.0 

7.7n SO 297 
7.1b 44 342 
39n 14 . . 

inOb 27 81 6 
21.3 SO 29 8 
02 12 652 

57 3.1 352 
42 7.5 121 

1.1 05 . . 

42 12877 

0.7 1.9 430 
7.7b 21 6E2 
42 3.0 412 
1.0 12 912 

02 14 974 

17.1 43 408 

25 34 294 

12.1 52 293 


102 82 
122 95 

199 153 
226 201 
101 90 

170 113 
■82 140 
H8 90': 

174 139 
189 135 
305 237 
370 300 
208 1ST. 
■41 112 
B4 79 
263 217 
82 38 

74 58 

115 BS 
210 181 
3S2 286 


TR City Of Loo PM 113 
TR hid A Gen 192 
7H Natural Rea 224 
TR Norm America 96 
TR Pacdtc Bum 187 
TR Property 162 

TR TaSr 108 

TO Thamas 162 
Tampa Bar 157 

Throigmonon - 297 

Throg Saeured Cap 385 
Trans Octane 206 

Tnterw 1 32 

Ttvaaws) me BIV 
US Dafionfum 259 

Vrtoog nesouren ai 

W0SQOOI 58 

VVrtertxmom Egy 112 

Wtai 202 

Yeoman 332 


93 1532.7 
980-59 SCT 
5-7 3JS41S 
tIA .53 240 
. 96 2.7 48.7 

14 OB . 

97 3.1 404 

15 2:4 SOB 

630 39 375 
75 48274 

119 48355 

-53- 2J31 B 
39 90 375 
155 173 58 

98 85.519 
.28 73 195 
£2 39417 
33 2947.7 
4 6 .. 28 357 

137b 38 283 


FINANCIAL TRUSTS 


. Amancon Express EtO 1 : 
Aigykt 95 j 

Bwmad 37 

Bntanrea Arm 140 
. Da4y Mat Q1 

% 

g?a TnW f 

E.atortWn 98 

Frumfcnglan 730 

Frosi Gp 58 

Goods ID A Ml 75 
Harflanon AUmn C17': 
1CH 196 

MW 2® 

MSG <9*- 

Mmeantfe House 299 
Paemc mv Tst 94 
Do Warrants 19 
Strain Now Court 160 



14 

£8 299 

+1 

80 

40184 


693 

32140 

+'-■ 

693 

3514.1 

•-1 

+2 

89 

40 

6.0 

41 335 
20 180 
27 140 


. 33 

04 120 


93 

12 340 



54 -73 95 
25 J33 279 
357 11 178 

125b 55 8 1 
223 6.0 104 

243 25 295 
158 53 U 
05 05 


THE TIMES UNIT TRUST INFORMATION SERVICE 


Od Oflar ding YU 


ABBEY iwn TRUST MANAGERS 

80. HcWaniusi Rd. Bounamomh BNB SAL 

0345 717373 ILaMnal 

GU A Frau 1152 1230a -02 950 

Hdi me Enuty 959 102.0© -05 *7i 

WorMwide Band 179.0 191.70 *04 S 06 

Amanam Growth 1593 169 4 >1.1 280 

Asan Pacthc 438 472 -0.7 255 

Assets A Earns 1026 109.7a *0.7 155 

Camtf Reearoe 65.7 661 -03 152 

Comm 4 Enengv 640 693 +0.1 2® 


BU Oriar Omg VM 


GClA Fnsd 
rtgh me Eruy 
WorMwtda Band 
Amanun Growth 
Asan Pacthc 
Assets A Earns 
Capital Became 
Comm A Enagy 
European Capital 
Gsverai 
Japan 

UK Grown Inc 
Do Accum 
US Emerging Go's 
Equtas Progress 
MasremtAcc 


54 a 895 
139.3 M88 
756 805 
905 1059 
1414 1528 
581 621 
1975 2104 
623 652a 


.. 1.42 

IK 2 * 

*0.7 1.45 
♦II 181 
-ID OJ2 
+12 327 
151 


ALLIED DUNBAR UNIT TRUSTS 
Abed Dunber Centre Swmdon SW1 1EL 
0793 610386 A 0753 28291 
Fra Trua 2292 244 1 +1 


Omm A Income 
Cancel Trua 


Acorn Trust 
Anwncan Income 
i*g)i moome T« 
Ewatv Income 
f*0tl Y«d 
Govt Sacs Trust 
International 

Japan Fund 
Pacific Trust 
Amer Sod Sts 


2292 2441 +15 346 

1393 1(73 +12 388 

237 8 2532 +13 258 

3645 3883a +23 3.10 
559.7 5961 +24 285 

322 34 3 .434 

2544 2709 +10 458 

140.1 1492a *0.4 4JM 
W5 0 1544 ,0$ 537 

333 315 911 

B02 85.4 +04 184 

103.6 1103 +12 001 

1554 1688a +12 1.07 
575 712 +0.1 136 


M Recovery 
SroaBer Co's 
UK Gntwm 
Extra Inc 
□at 

Ine A Growth 
Nat Hon he 
wires 
ComnniSty 
financial sacs 
Go U A Gan 
m Laaure 
Prep Shame 
Unv Ensrey 
WorU Tsoi 
Amer Grown 
Amer Income 
Amer S t a ler Co's 
Aust Growth 
Eiao S m o Ver 
Far East 
Hong Kor n Prl 

kill Giur.ll! 

Japai Port 
Japan SmaSer 
Exomm 

Exempt Market 

BROWN SHIPLEY 
9-17. Rerrymount Ri 
0444 455144 


107.6 1148 
1442 1535 
383 409a 
562 621 
263 272a 
2028 2153 
196.1 2113 
187 198# 
1145 12218 
442 47.9a 
144 155# 

153 174 
67.5 723 

406 433 
4 2J0 44.8 
925 98.7 
568 60.7 
2X7 213# 
523 E55 
143 153 
442 458 
228 343c 
310 373 

65.7 70.1 

154 164 
845 885 

64.7 57.7 - 


+0.1 258 
+05 127 
+02 180 
+0.1 722 
-02 766 
+05 4.12 
+05 451 
-02 989 
-02 253 
+05 221 
-03 439 
052 

+02 1.02 
+OT 1.71 
+0.1 054 
-08 3.40 
-01 545 
-0.1 055 
-05 156 
-0.1 033 
+02 096 
-03 273 
+0.1 155 
+07 
♦02 .. 
+05 356 
4.14 


Eieppaai Accum 704 75.1 +05 1.17 

UKGiA n Inc 543 57.9# -02 054 

Do Accum 565 59.7a -02 038 

ENDURANCE FUND lUHMBHIT LTD 
AtHW Qmtre. Hexagon House. 28. waaian 
Road- RomkwJ RMTSb 
070858086 

EmMam 1058 1132 317 

rautrULEUMTSAOMMSTRATieN 
35. Fbunrai SL Manchastar 
061-336 5605 

Phfecen 748 79.7 +04 118 


Bid Offer Chng YU 


B W Otar Chng YU 


BU Otter CTmg YU 


Bd Otter Chng YU 


BU O Her Chng YU 


Gal A Fixed VH 
Tat Ot few Trusts 
Speow SHs Trust 
n» Anar That 
Fir Eastern Tnat 


748 79.7 +04 3.18 

77.1 82.1 +05 a.74 

54.7 582c +01 8.16 
649 69.1 +02 187 

778 828 +OB 229 
605 54 4 +01 1.69 

783 812# +05 085 


EOUmriLAW 

S^Gaorga Hsa Corpora u on Sl Coventry CV1 
0303 553231 


Rd Haywards Heath 


Secs 01 Amer Tst 222.4 236.98 -02 088 


AU Asset value 
G41 Growth 
Smaier Co s 
2M Smalar Co's 
Recovery Tnat 
Met Met A Cmoty 

0 SOBS Earnings 


232 1 3473# +09 315 
376 334 257 

1158 1255c -13 259 
1565 167 0 +05 240 

846 901 +07 208 

802 65.4 -02 232 

187 1 1993# +1 0 258 
900 958 +03 054 

127.1 134.7# +04 569 
2336 2478 *08 250 

351 3 3724 -02 129 


financ# 

Smaaar Co's Acc 
Do income 
High Income 
Income 

Man PartMo me 

DO ACC 

North Amencan 
Orient 


1250 134.4 
2242 2413 
144.4 1552 
668 719 
762 818 
617 663 
1030 1107 


+09 259 
+12 

+05 099 
+03 583 
. 480 

+04 382 
+06 .. 


UK, Grown Accum 1497 1592 
Do ktaxne 1300 1362 

Hefiir tec Amen 2495 2657 
Do Income 2010 2138 

G4B/Frxed Accum 1023 107.6 
..Da Income 974 920 


Do Income 2010 2138 

OrBS/Fored Accum 1023 107.6 
Do Income 974 920 
Ntn Amer Tst Accum 1(0.7 1495 
Far East TM Accum 1405 1(94 
Eure Tat Accum 1416 1506 
General Trust 2385 2515 


+1.1 335 
+05 335 
+12 459 
+1.0 459 
-03 266 
-03 258 
-07 022 
+15 040 
+1 1 125 
+1 1 271 


621 655a -03 126 
778 528 -02 024 


FAC UNIT MANAGEMENT 

”*■ lender EC4R DBA 

01-623 4550 


BUCKMASren MANAGEMENT 

The Sax* Exchange London EC2P 3JT 

01-658 2865 


Tochnoiog, jsr 900 959 +03 OJ 

Income Ewmpt 127.1 134.7# >04 51 

Exempt Srnaar Cos 2338 2478 *09 2J 

USA fexenw Trust 3S1 3 3724 -02 1J 

ARBITTImot SECURITIES 

Rmtemem. London EC2A 1AY 
01528 9878 01-280 8540/1/2/3 
Capa# Orowth tec 696 637 +03 1 

_ Do Accum 688 712 +04 1, 

Bwwn A few 1279 138.7 -05 0. 

Deeiv W U iaraw e l 656 703 -02 0 

Rrance 8 Prooeny 619 662 +02 2 

G» A .Faed Income «8.7 512 +06 7, 


General me M 
Do Accum (41 
name Fund 0] 
Do Acam (3) 
md Inc (2) 

Do Accun (2) 


2135 2244# 
3413 3557# 
1044 1089 
1832 191.1 
1252 1309 
1655 1721 
11125 1191# 
£11.09 1269a 


US Smaaar Co s 
Caudal Fund 
Income Find 
Fa Eastern Fund 
Ovaraaas Income 
fired fen e t — t 
Natural Bis Funo 
European Income 


75.7 818 -05 027 

1066 114.1 -513 OM 

91.0 957 +03 451 

71.7 75.7 +07 083 

858 705# -03 356 
562 623# -0.1 9.00 
36l4 30.0# +02 446 
657 735 -05 3A0 


DO Accum 51 4 85.6 +10 7'66 

Equny feuxme 76.7 eao *o.i 453 

D? Awrm 1792 1915 +03 453 

WOi Ytekl tecome 75 4 81.7# +08 732 

Do Accum 200.4 2143# +20 732 

bill Xtcorne 702 75.0# 2*0 

Do Acoxrr 728 77.0# 3^*9 

DO Wnhrfewl 662 607# 240 

Managed Fund 575 607 . . . . 

Preference income 305 326* -0.1 921 

_ Do A«cum 989 iaae# -01 9.71 

Smalar Co's Accum 1418 151.7 +13 151 

World Pentw snare 95 i0.4e -0.1 0.TO 

PmtWIOTdWI 785 91.4# . 187 

PorttBlo Tst Jatwn 94.0 97 4# -05 000 

Ptntoao 7B U5 724 750# -05 105 

PortW® Tst Eiaope 96.7 10ZL2# -1 3 OOO 

PoriWo Tst HK 37.4 357# -02 010 

BAILUE QIFFORO 

3. Oenfinfes St. ErfilDurgfl BO 8YY 
031-225 2591 |Daatero031-Z2B 6066) 

W Ex I22J 4326 (51 7# 1.13 

japan Ex W3» 379.6 3959 023 

UK E> 'OH 231.1 245 B# 1.47 

Psai Pans mu «s.o 471.6 

Psai Pens UK 1990 2096 

BG America 1TO2 lBl.1 -09 023 

BG Energy 1255 1385 -07 1.48 

BG income Onmn 1989 211.7# +1.0 508 

174 B 1860 *23 0-“ 

BG Tectmelngy 1968 1865# -13 052 

BALTIC TRUST MAHAeStS 

25/26 Abanirarte Street. London wix 4AD 

01-491 0295 

American 510 540 074 

AuwrafeM 184 19.7 287 

Jaoan A General TOO 7 107.7 +1.0 0.17 

H«yi Income 46 4 49 7# +06 7.15 

imemanoral Truet 7S9 812# -02 ID* 

income Grn TM 484 510 +03 397 

Gets S Fated tet 206 22.1# -0.11068 

GtotaX Uwets 355 388 -0.1 156 

Soecral Sduauans 41.4 443 147 


MfVi Yieli teooma 
Do Awwn 
bid mcome 
Da Accum 
Do 5N Wnfitfewl 
Menaged Fund 
Preference income 
_Do Accum 


CS FUND MANAGERS 

125. HoBJom. London WC1V SPY 

01-242 1148 

CS Japan Fund 783 833 +1 

CANNON FUND MANAGER* 

mi**- mma " r ' ^ "* 


Far East 
Norm American 
Gubtf 
Ervotteen 
Japan 


287 6 3068# +13 287 
3349 3558# +13 3.94 
154 8 198.5 -I t 034 
15(6 1645 -06 056 

47 3 503 -Ol 150 
478 509 1.00 

502 534 -03 05D 


181.1 -09 023 

1365 -07 1.48 

211 7# +1.0 508 
1888 +23 OOO 

1860# -13 062 


Amaran 510 540 

Autsnafean 18 4 1*7 

Japan A Ganaral 1007 107.7 

Hqn Income 46 4 497# 

imwnanonal Tnra 759 813# 

income Gm TM 404 51 J 

Git* Stood tet 206 22.1# 

GtotaX UWets 355 388 

Soaoal Srtuafeons 41.4 443 

BARCLAYS UMCOHN 
Umctxn house. 252. Ronriord Rd E7 
01-534 5544 


Amenta 
Aust Accun 
Do fetaxre 
Camw 

Exempt Trial 
Extra Income 
Fnancm 
500 

General 

G4t A Fnrefl Ine 
Japan A Gen me 
Do Acc 
Gfeawtn Accum 
income Tnai 
Leisure Trust 
Soeoai Eruabens 


Trustee Fgrid 1089 115® 

Um Tech Accum 51 5 55 ? 

Do Income 51.4 5+8 

WtrnowKte Tnat K56 1548 

■B Tst inv Fund Ace 3803 3513 

Da tac 2148 227.6 


861 919# +01 148 
1234 131.2# +13 1.64 
878 931# -03 184 

702 746 +02 285 

4345 4622 +22 388 

70S 813 +02 521 

2310 245.7# +1.7 a 14 
2888 285.5 +1.0 384 

138 7 I47S +0 6 3.15 

551 588# -01 9*5 

150 0 159.5 +13 0.17 

151 7 1613 +12 017 

182.8 1942 +1 1 237 

339 8 361.4 +1.1 361 

820 872 +05 128 

144.1 1533 +11 218 

192.0 2052 *48 235 


CAP& (JAMES) MANAGEMENT 
PO Box 551 Baws Hams London ECS 7 JO 
01-021 0011 

Capital 3817 3859 +23 1.1 

Income 2909 3112 *03 4J 

North American 2933 314 1 -05 OJ 

CATER ALLEN 

1. KM W*am SL EC4N 7AU 
01-623 6314 

GUI Trust 1010 1123 -0610 ( 

CENTRAL BOARD OF FINANCE OF 
CHURCH OF ENGLAND 
2 Fore Sonet London EC2Y SAO 
01-588 1615 

Mv Raid AOaas • 42 

Fixed Hit 14925 


2. Fort EtraeL London EC2Y 5AQ 
01-588 IB15 


CLERI CAL l| B31CAL UNIT TRUST 
MANAGERS 

Nvrew man. BnxkX B82 OJH 
0500 373393 

Amor Growth 236 252 

Eotety Non mcome CB 457 a 
Baopaan Growih 245 28.1 
General Eaiaty 39 1 41.7 
am A Fixaa mt Gtfi 29 9 31 S 
(Ul A fixed Inc 249 263 
kidex Seomoes 25 8 270 
Japan Growth ZB 5 30.4 


FSHVESmmr MANAGERS 

180. West Q+arge Sl Glasgow G2 

041-332 3132 

aomced 091 me *32 (60 
Do Acom 439 (6.7 

tegme gsi toe *07 aoa# 

Eta Accum 42.7 45.4 

S»tee» Co* he 466 456 
Do Accun 47.1 50.1 

FEELITY INTERNATIONAL 
52f Fte*. T onbridge. TW9 1DY 
0732 352222 

AmancMi 104.9 iiZ2 

Amer Equ4y ktcome 33.1 3« 4 
Amor SoocW 544 51.4 558 

Far East fere 315 338# 

G# A toad ht 31.4 32Je 
Growth A tecama 982 105.1# 

Jatwi Speool Srts 999 43.7 
Japan Hut 1184 126.7# 

Managed Ira TM 133 6 142? 

Max inmnw Ewxiy 788 839# 
Prateeeamai Gth 337 359 
Soum Era Asa Tst 26? 2B0 
Spacaa S4S 162.1 174 4 

R^maiROBERT} 

8. Crosby So. London EC3A 6AN 
01-638 8655 

American Exompl 071.4 379 S 
Japan Exempt £3710 383.7 
Am Plupany Tfet SI07888 # 

Ftopany Traat £20388 


Ecluwo Lonaon Wtf. London 

01-628 5181 


+12 190 
+10 .. 
+04 6.00 
+04 .. 
+1.1 190 
■M.1 


-05 088 
-04 4B7 
+02 0.55 
+0? 480 
*85 073 
+0? 458 
+06 
-03 . 

-0.7 081 
+03 486 
2*2 
-02 058 
+09 057 



MURRAY JOHNSTONE UMT TRUST 
NANAGEWfT 

1B3. Rapa Street. Osage* G2 3UH 
041 221 9252 


041 221 9252 
Aroerleai 
Emmean 
Smalwr Cos 


1159 1286 -14 302 

219.1 2339 -02 199 

2182 2275# +2.1 193 


*NATioNM.raomDeNr investment 

MANAGERS 

48. Gracechureti SL EC3P 3HH 
01-623 4200 Ext 289 

NPI UK 2052 218l4# +19 290 

DO Accun 1 331.5 352.7# +12 2 m 

NPI Overseas 5589 9892 -09 0.70 

Do Accun 875 7 7189 -0.7 0.70 

Far EM AdC 752 801 +12 010 

DO DOI 752 809 +12 0-10 

American acc sao B29# -os 190 

PO Dim 583 62-1# -0 A 190 

NORWXW UT MANAGERS 
PO Boa 4. Norwich NR1 3NG- 
0603 622200 

GrOiXJ Trust Cl 287 1271 856 

feteTrost 1259 132.4 l99 

OPP gBW HER TRUST MA N AG EM ENT 
66. Cannon Sireer. London EC4N 6AE 
daa*ngs 171-236 3885^7/8/9/0 
tnram a feonai Growm 135 3 1442c -02 099 

income S Growth 03 7 692 +0 I £01 

Wondwda Rec 830 889# +01056 

American Grew* 359 37.8 -0.4 OOO 

japan Grovrtti 565 605 +02 190 

European Growth 567 629 0.00 

UK Growth 544 502# -01059 

FMc*c Grew* 482 527# +05 022 

W5F1 mcome 332 356c .. 7.02 

Practrcal Income 529 569 +0.1 224 

DO Acraim 95 9 1029 +02 £24 


PEARL TRUST 

ZS^Hr^Hoteam. WC1V 7EB 


Growth FUW he 
Do Accum 
teCOtrw Fund 
hd Eaiaty he 
PO Accum 
Una Trua he 
Do Aeon 


907 985 
136.1 1448 
1281 1319 
1265 134 7 
1265 134.7 


+04 203 
+09 £03 
♦09 357 
*05 128 
+05 128 


129.0 1372# +0.6 277 
2239 237 9# +1.0 £77 


PERPETUAL WIT TRUST 

aa. Kart street. Hentay On Thames 

0491 576888 


Tnrnite Inter fu 

worenwoa wee 
Amer Grown 
ted Enwg Co's 
Fu East Ttam 
European G* 


2595 2785 
195.7 203 6 
1479 190.4 
7£5 778 
789 849 
ESI 742 
582 57.1 


-04 091 
+09 428 
-0.5 194 
-04 0 72 
-02 081 
+00 097 
+02 149 


PBOUfiC UNH TRUSTS 


High hcon 
Com A GUI 
Fr Eastern 
Nor* America 
Special Sfes 
Technology 
Extra Income 


111 4 1195 *13 006 

829 ee.«> -02 421 
981 TO45# -0.1 699 
157 5 1689 +0.1 800 

137.1 147.0 -£1 093 

71.0 75.7# 220 

1179 1250# -24 OOO 

69 4 95J# +1.1 447 


PRUDENTIAL UMT TRUST MANAGERS 
4fereHw. Hard Essex. KSi SDL 
01-478 3377 


Amer • Gen he 
Do Accun 


2459 2613 
231.0 267 0 


Ampr Tumwnd ho 2162 2300# 


COUNTY UT HANASatSLID 
161 C*W9W. London EGSV 6EU 
01-726 1W9 


Capvai Accun 
Energy Trua 
Extra teouim 
Hnxntste 
GW SKwgy 


2865 3087# 
44 4 472 
1035 174 3 
1629 1732c 
559 576# 


1089 1158# +05 251 
515 552# +0.1 020 
51.4 5*9# 020 

1456 1549C +07 1 a 
3309 3513 *19 323 

2149 2279 +09 343 


-04 100 
-0.1 420 

-0.1 290 
+0.1 250 
+ai 890 
-0.4 950 
+01 220 
+€.* Ufl 


♦1 A 1.47 
442 
+04 5.18 
+0 8 19t 
-02 1.71 
*1.7 £45 
*01 439 
+43 059 
-03 093 
-02 1.68 
-09 198 
-04 5.86 


Do Accun 
Canal Tst he 
Do Acann 
CBrnr A GUI he 
_ Do Accun 
Extra he Tn he 
Do A ccum 
Income Truet 
Do Accun 
ht Grew* fa Inc 
Do Accum 
Japan A Gan he 
Dd Accun 


22X2 238.4# +3.0 1.1J 
21 00 2Z3.4 +0.1 £13 

252.8 2688 +0.a Z li 

88.4 949# -0.4 520 

1179 1SS2# -0 4 520 

1884 1788 -06 44? 

1740 1850 -06 4.42 

1199 127 A# +02 4 17 


1204 134.4# 
1670 1780 
1989 197 8 
809 859 
815 88.6 


4.17 

-1.0 
-08 .. 
+09 0.08 
+0.6 008 


Monthly tacoma Fd* 836 B8BW +06 *M 


Recavi+y 

_ Do Accum 
European he 
Da Accun 


1418 1506 

1532 162.8 
589 572 
53 8 572 


Equty Exempt 4103 4285 +19 233 

DO Accum 5194 54£4 +13 293 

UK Market Features 752 80.2 +01157 

DO Accum 775 K6 +02 157 

Japan Perform a nce 1327 1415# +19 090 
DO Accun 1332 U£1# +12 000 

US Spec* Features «3 74 7 +06 0.66 

Do Accum 70.1 res +08 060 

Goto & Predate, Met 352 382 -04 1.90 

Da Aoeun 36 3 304 -05 1.80 

U3 Senate he 582 62.7 -0.3 4.78 

Do Accum 01.7 605 -0.4 4.76 

European Peri he 781 80.9 +0.1 1.10 

DO Accun 762 019 +0.1 1.10 

JR-A UMT TRUST MANAGEMENT 

99-100. Sandtng Rd. Msldslona. KM UE14 txx 

0622 67*751 

MLA General 335 35 5# +02 £10 

MLA IntamaSonte 50 4 534 -0.1099 

MLA GA Unit »2 255# -011015 

MLA income as 1 *46# +02 sm 

W9 Euupean 27.0 205 -02 097 


Hoteom Ewaty 
EuippMn 
HcRxnn Comma 
Htebarn Hgn he 
HoKum (nil 


404.8 4309 +22 £11 

862 01.3# +02 0 68 
54.0 57.4# -01 0.60 

650 70.1# +0.1 832 
948 1000c 086 

873 928 +08 005 

765 813# -03 038 

649 600# +0.5 £34 


BARING FUND MANAGERS 

PO Bo* 156. Beewmum. Kant BBS ‘ 

01-658 9002 


AuSlrM 
Eastern 
Equiy Income 
Europe 
Grewyi 6 inc 
Japan Speed 
Japan Sumse 
Firs Europe 
FW Japan 
Fra N Am# 


603 644 
528 504 
565 80.7 
1100 117.0# 
036 605 
93-7 1002 
84 4 902 
97.2 103.4 
703 8£7 
504 539# 


Fast Smaier Co s 64 0 688 

BARRINGTON MANAGEMENT 

10. ftmriwdi St. London EC3 
01-623 8000 


Planned Inv 
European Inc 
DO Actum 
General tee 
Do Accun 
Gvi Yosd he 
Dp Accum 

T YWo ire 
Accum 

Japan Income 
Do Accum 
N Amanew he 
Do Accum 
Pacific hum 
Do Accun 
Smlr COS he 
— Ou Accum 


126 2 134 3 . 241 

821 861# -04 1.40 
1012 105.8# -05 1-40 
ISO t 1700c -0.1 296 
216 B 2301 *0-1 296 

1152 1180# -07 806 
)0J 6 7904 -1.1 050 

862 9100 *0.3 544 
1710 1828 *07 544 

2780 2*2JZ +1.0 198 

2314 2439 +10 188 

50 5 537# _ 094 

50 6 629 -01 QW 

1242 130 4 -0.7 024 

1399 1467 +09 094 

700 84.1# *0.1 
937 99.7# +02 155 


BRITANNIA UWI! TRUST 

74-78 firebuy PevemM UndteLE Ca* ij D _ 
01-588 2777 OBBiirnO1*038 0470/9 M0n«»GuldB 
0800-010-333 

GrewfftGtt 80S *»« -42M1 


Growth mvesurem 28ai 2979c 

income a Growth 497 432# 

Japanese A Pacific 14&9 7582 
MSAram Grawtti 1053 1122 
tad Reeoray 1TO8 1170 
SmnerGos 2082 221.4 
Global he Tat 555 SS.N 


CROWN UMT TRUST SERVICES 
Crown House. Wfifcng GU21 1XW 
04883 5033 

High Income 7>Ufl 244.7 261 7 +04 409 

GrawtnTUI £244 2400 *10 300 

American Traat 132-3 1419# -09 071 

CRU8AD&R UNIT TRUST MANAGERS LTD 
Rugate- Surrey HH3 B8L 
05373 43424 

UK income 489 SZO +014.47 

UK Growtn Accum 489 520 +09 343 

DoH 480 5£Q +09 £43 

Eurapeai Growtn 47.8 90S 193 

Paofic Growiti 40.4 515 *02 

em UMT TRUST MANAOOIS 
4. NeMe Creacam. Edfedaigh 

031-236 3493 

American Fund 732 799 -02 £17 

Casnar Fund 968 TOZ-5 +12 166 

Growtn ft k Fwd 1334 141.6 +0.7 424 

Ml Orff Fund 108.5 1152 +1 0 591 

inter n atio na l Fund 1075 300.8# -1 7 1.12 
Raaouroaa Fund 167 300 -W 050 

So#r Jep Co'a Fna 359 38 « +05 _ ^ 

Tokyo Funa 1472 1575 +0.1 0.16 

(Ex| Amer (3) 1473 153 I 361 

lExl Japan i31 1012 104.5# 023 

(Exi Pacific (4) 259. £ 268.0 037 

IE a| Smaier Jap 14) 2010 208 2 0 TO 

Euohxid 23.6 352# -09 197 

EAGLE *T AR UMT HMST M ANAGER S 
Batn Road. CnteWhan Gtoucesw GUB 7L0 
0343 521311 

UK BaUnead he 693 739* +5* 

Do Accun 702 74 9# +09 £03 

UK Growth Accun 03 1 »«■ -*00 

UK Man me Ire 658 TOO# +05 ffljj 

N Amarwan Acsum 809 71 J# -00 i.JO 

Fyr Eastarn Accum 840 895# +0.7 (was 


FRKMD8 PROVDEMT MANAGERS 
fixtwn End. Dortm. Surra* 

0308 885055 

FP Eteaty DW 1999 2121 

Do Accum 3331 3536 

FP Fuad ht Out 1145 1212 

Do Accun 1304 1389 

Btwinaivp Got 170 l 1805 

Bo Accun 1755 1864 


WTIMV.MXM.WeM 

00i Root. B. DovotWtfs Sq. London ECJM 4YJ 
01-283 2676 Datemg Ql-SA 9431 

UKCap Fed he 992 106.1 +09 220 

Do Accun 1419 1512 +04 220 

teeome tote 799 055 +00 6.TO 

Pension Exenpt 1070 1740 +0.1 100 

hJWnWcrei 138.1 1B.1 -03 100 

US 6 Garten) 63.3 07.9 -04 QJS 

Tech & Grown 705 75.4 -00 1 00 

J*#1 A Ganaral 2119 2269 +09 020 

fv Era 6 gm ga.i «? 050 

Eurapatei PM 2109 235 1 -02 040 

Germany Fund BOA 64.7 *00 1.10 

OAR1MORE FUND MANAGERS 
Z. Sl Mary Axe. Landon EC3A 88P 
01-623 1213 Deanna 01-623 5786 Daateig 01-833 


+08 £78 
+1* £78 
-02 599 
-02 590 
+16 1 74 
+1.7 1.74 


Si Georges Way. Stavenaga Hem 
0438 3re101 

Grown (Ha 756 003 
G* 8 fixad tet 1134 117.4 
l«Ui Income Unas 1133 120.4 


756 003 
1134 117.4 
__ _ _ _ 1133 120.4 

«#l YWJ Cat Uni 582 802 

M Grown Unix 1239 131-0 
N Amencan Unas 723 789 

Fsr EM Unis 863 939# 

SmaB*r COS Fund 071 715# 

MENCAP UNIT TRUST 

252. RomfeTO Rd. E7 

Maneip 1389 1471 

MBtaiRY RBB MANAGSIS LTD 

“■aMr 51604 " 9 * 5 

Amer Growth 1035 iilji 

Do Acorn 107.7 114 3 

Amer income 509 539 

Do Accun 320 559 

Euroooen Growth 1100 1250 
Do Accum 121 1 1289 


N Amoncan 769 813# -03 038 

Hajwm Sooc Sits 649 MM +0.5 2Je 
Hohorn UK Growth 811 883 +08 2 12 

Hteboni G4i Trua) 105.1 193M -09 £53 

QUH.TER MANAGEMENT COMPANY 
31-45 Gritefiam Sl Londtei ECZV 7LH 
01-600 4177 

Quadrant Genmal 4330 4612 £84 

Ouocfeant income 2464 28£2e iio 
CkHdrant fete Fd 3743 39+1 -20 1 14 

Quadrant Recovery 280 0 2630 £47 

MR IROTKSCMLD ASSET MAHAGEmT 
St SwWwis Lane. Lonaon EC*P 4QU 
01-200 5456 

NC America Inc 293 6 3123 -19 094 

Do Accum 315 8 33S9 -+2 09+ 

NC Energy R#S I34J |4£8 -1.1 £87 

NClreome 899 956# +0.6 393 

NC Japan 1772 1880 +09 OOl 

NC SmaSar Ore 1«X3 1+92 +02 100 

NC Sm# Bnop Co s 1636 1740 +05 044 

NCExtemtOi C13Z0 137 0 553 

NC *mer Prop S1197 lSlfi# 

NC Property 1738 182.9# 

ROWAN UNTT TRUST 

S ISSP JSSS 0 *" Swtt L * 1 ** ec« bas 

01-838 5678 


American (4) 
Swaanws m 
Higfl Yitefl (51 
Merlin p) 
Fired interest 

•ly (WTO 

Fv East 131 


2430 3460 
7380 7510 
171.0 1749# 
394 5 4039 
17T 0 1720 
1340 125.0# 
3095 7110# 


1473 1531 
1012 104.5# 
2599 2680 


-02 £17 
+13 1 56 
+0.7 424 
+1 0 591 
-1 7 1.13 

-03 090 
+05 

+0.1 0.15 
101 
023 
037 
OTO 
-03 1ST 


UK Balanced he 
Do Accun 
UK Grown Accun 
UK ragn me he 


Dtjp I2fa Daawg 01-823 57K Deafeng 01-833 

Amoncan Trust 96.1 101 B# 

Ausiralan Trust 173 185 
Breari Tst Accun 59 0 622 
Do On 509 546 

C m nu m u ty Snare 51.4 S5.M 
European Trust 456 48 B 
Extra hoorna Trust #85 49.7 
Far Eraam Trua 1212 129.7 
fixed fewest Fund 38 8 28.7 
Gn Trust £70 £84# 

OteOW Fuid Accun 158.7 1689 
DO Gat 1512 1009 

Ga<d Shore Trust IQ-7 HA 
Hedged Amancan 3n 333 
tfigh hentc Trust Hi 0 i5i 0 
Hong Kwg Trust aS 373 
income Fund 756 81 0 

hautanoa Agendas £4770 5116# 

Japan Trust 1329 lai t# 

Manegro Exempt 288.4 £807 
04 SEneroy Trust 319 339 
SOBOBl 54? TlUB 949 1017 
UKSrterCetocTte 73-1 773 

GWETT (JOHN) UMT MANAGEMD7T ' 

(Vmchesmr Hsa. 77. London WM. London EON 
IDA 

01-568 5629 

mr Grown 770 829# -0.4 i.W 

Amanam Crowth 682 nsm -02 063 

Amencan ire 70a 752 +03 4.74 

European Growtn 191 8 3051 -03 029 

tm fiMawrats 3* t 359 -13 £32 


An#f Growth 1039 110.1 -03 0.70 

Do Accum 107.7 1145 -04 079 

Amr income 503 515 -02 499 

DO Accun 529 559 -03 490 

CUTOMen Growth 110 0 MSS -Ot 124 

Cte Accum i£ii 1289 -01 124. 

Gwtral 2523 2682 *12 188 

Do.teun 409.9 4360 +19 108 

G4I & fixed 891 890# -03 740 

Do Accun 1003 1013# -03 7 46 

h«n* 8J.5 888# +0.7 407 

DO Accum 034 982# +08 407 

htsmanorite 22X5 2®.a# +00 10a 

Dn Accum £79 I 396.9# +08 1 04 

Japan 101.6 1713 +33 000 

Do Accun 1664 1760 +3.4 a 00 

Racovary 201 J 214 1 4.1 23S 

, Do Accun 3143 3269 -02 £35 

Exempt |>st £362-2435 ' £83 

Exempt Accum 361.1 3712 303 

taDLANOMNR GROLM UMT TRUST 

gghragHM-aMrSL HWLShathMdSI 3RD 

C«ui mcome 777 82 Be -05 222 

_ Do A ccum 1058 1130c +03 323 

Comma*, s Gen 1030 110 7 -07393 

Do Accum 1463 1561 *09 392 

Emraghhe 609 6+9c -0.1 7.3 7 

DO Accum <08 749e -03 7.37 

Oh* fired he 5+9 57.3# -01693 

uS?5S m SSS Sf 1 ** -02 893 

►*91 Ytefe) 1N3 1867 +06 523 

Do Accum 2655 2832 +10 533 

hwm# 1756 1873 +00 345 

DO Accun 386.0 335.1 +1 1 £45 

J*Mn A Pacific 3558 2736 +£7 0.18 

Do Accun 2680 2*8 +£9 016 

N Amaican We 1134 1209# 2)1135 

_ DP Awian 135 7 1440# -03 125 

Euro Gm ine 1070 H4.6# +g^ jjg 


ROYALLJK FUND MANAGOHENT 
New H#l Placa. Liverpool LB) 3KS 
051-227 4432 


Eoutty Trust 
tee Trait 
GJI Trao 
US Trait 
Peufic Basm Tst 


04 674 +03 £46 

72-1 766 +02 133 

2S9 28.3# -01 B.12 

332 333 -01 144 

37.0 400 +02 0 55 


Cawai hcoma 
Do Accum 
Comniooty a Gan 
_ Do Actum 
Extra Huh tee 

Do Accum 
G# 8 fired tec 
..Do Accum 


SOCMlon St. London EC2 
01420 0311 

BMy_l>iT 1190 

* Do Aetun 1683 


Hmn hcome Trua 
00 Aeoati 


Go Accum 
US Growtn 
Do Accun 


1190 1273# 
1680 1708# 
9Z8 888# 
107.7 114 6# 
580 61.8 
582 610 


HWYAL LONDON UNri TRUST MANAGERS 

aSSimvn Hbuh ‘ aMmte ' 601 ,RA 

Aitwiean Growth 953 TO i * 0._ 

C«Xtel Acaan 1849 190 B# +13 209 

Gte lreomt 50.4 594# 808 

H*E7i hcome 830 881# +02 4.73 

teesme 4 Growtn 1UZ9 1D9S *0.6 4 » 

51.5 068 +12 006 

Speate &ts iigg uio *20 ion 


i s i 

■ * 1- 
r r ; v. 


+12 006 
+£8 130 


SAVE6 PROSPER 

28 Western Rd. Romford rui 3lB 
66-73 Quw SI Etmuron EMJ XNX 
(Ronrierdl D7O8-M066 Or IBNii 031-228 


Do Accum 
Income 
Do Accun 

Japan a Paofic 
Do Accun 
N Ammcan me 
Dp Accun 
Eud Qm ne 
„ Do i Accun 
SmaSer ere Inc 
Do Accum 


129.0 137S# 
1150 1236 


+05 190 
. Z06 


121 6 1287 . +0 1 £06 


Amer tec A Growtn 

C teXMi mm s 
Gonwnotety 
Energy teds 

Eumoun Grown 
Exemot tee Bno 
Doted (43} 
Exteorawn 
F+rereul Sacs 
G4i A Ft me 
Higil Return Unrts 
High vi aid Unu 
home Urea 


S Or (&nj 031-226 7351 
681 730 -02 730 

983 105 1* +04 2.12 
44 1 471 -01 189 

439 *69 -0.1 4 10 

90.1 100 6 +81 096 

819 BS 3# -02 506 
574 60.5 2 36 

359 38 3 +01 000 

85 7 1020# *0 5 £09 
94S ST 4 -0.11027 

188 0 201 0 +0 4 4 56 

1»0 150.7 +0 4 4 fig 

982 1020 620, 


: r l*. •* \j 
t > 1“ 

-■ 'y v.' * 


m Pint TliHitm 


888 598 -02 001 

































THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY I 1986 


STOCK EXCHANGE PRICES 




Confident start to account 


ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began 


[day. Dealings end July 1 1. §Contango day July 14. Settlement day July 21. 
ins are permitted on two previous business days. 


-<8M~ 

© Timsttowpapen 

DAILY DIVIDEND 
£4,000 

Claims required for 
+35 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 



W2 102 fMacNM fcl) HU 131 +6 65 10 197 

IB'- 13'. Royl Bnk Of Can CIS , . . . . . 


gi mngramtr" wi 


hxJnsiriaJs L-R 


16'- 13’. Rnl Bnk Of Can 05 
380 260 Rod Bnk Of Scot 330 • 

MV S‘« fidawtas CT* 

55 33 Snath Si Aubyn 48 

894 418 sand Clan 787 

BIB 813 Union 706 

68V 43*. Watt Faroe EGBV • 

320 220 Wtaffta* 310 


• US 40 IB 
182 25 145 

28 65 44 

-7 60.0b 64 97 

-6 625 75715 

• +V 

77 25 13.1 



Foods 


Industrials A-D 


Industrials L-R 


E fcn.v-au'. r J— EESOESa 

m 


Yorkshire Chem I Chemicals. Ptas 


Apncot Computers 



383 248 
840 628 
54 38 
M4 85 
SOB 375 
182 147 
560 4Q5 
515 410 
855 840 
204 185 
243 

355 275 
502 4Q5 ■ 
91 88 

179 158 
268 773 
114 77 

2S1 217 
248 131 
234 163 
41V 30". 
540 383 
316 223 
315 228 
2S1 188 

550 410 

315 IBS 


ACMLyoB 383 

Btae 825 

Baftawn ^S3 

Bsown {KHstosalJ 505 

Bukaer |H PJ 160 

BtTOnwood OW’ 580 ■ 
CarS (Matthew) SOS 

Davain&MJ A) 955 

Greanan WHdny 191 

a ww.W " a JS 

Gomes* 333 

Ham B Kamona 502 

MHa tt i a DM m 

knannAn DM 1G2 

nan ted 225 

Martton Thomson no 
Morana -20 

SA Srewartee 15B 

Scot & Haw 209 

Seagram £«v 

VW 415 

wnaarawf 'A' 318 

OaV 313 

lNMroed ta* 230 

WcMOCll AO 546 

Young ‘K 275 


10-0 44 142 

41.1 ID . . 

184 4J0 100 

n.i as nj 

11.1 32 138 

106 AS 205 
127 23 20.0 

104 18 119 


BUILDINGS AND ROADS 


Mease be soe to take acceeat 
of any mines signs 


. ; i Weekly Dividend 


Please make a note of your daily totals. 
Tor the weekly dividend of £8,000 m 
Saturday’s newspaper. 



BRITISH FUNDS 



T7«p 





88 50 

117 85 

84 60 

552 449 
432 298 
156 124 

104 84 

124 72 
102 83 

91 75 

70 54 

68 54 

94 00 

131 IBS 
375 254 
113 95 

240 56 

79 42 
234 14? 
’820 428 

190 V 126 
430 265 
467 296 
450 286 
TOO 78. 

91- 71 
428 290 
196 128 
306 178 
135 101 
193 161 
138 98 
438 304 
272 171 
27 23 

128 108 
« 308 
920 798 
213 163 
234 118 
110 87 

395 28S 
872 440 
482 340 
323 188 

191 133V 

380 228 
124 67 

84 70 

516 342 
. 336 236V 
182 140 
415 328 
101 78 

105 138 
301 195 
288 248 : 

78 58 
284. 174 

82 67 

83 41 
257 157 
208 UO 


48 38V 

205 180 
386 291 
245 180 
158 108 
111 76V 

128 102 
169 112 
100 57V 

136 82 
285 2*5 
180 138 
142 112 
2D 15 
163 127 
131 100 
*45 172 
298 215 
160 113 
453 330 
101'* 78 
10 73* 
410 333 
116 102 
225 179 
85 62 

178 129 
330 216 
73 36 

233 ire 

140 67 


Adatdeen Oonstr 252 
Arne 254 

Amenta 58 

AlModl 177 

BPS mousbwe 520 
Baggerldm Brick 330 
Barrett Dbm ’« 
BattytBanJ Crtistr 23 
BeKSy 

Bated concrMa 80 
Ban Bros 67 

£?SSa S 

BraadDnUSoud M 265 

SJ KT2—. 3, 

Braurrtae » 

Biyant 127 

Burnett a Harem 13 
Cafcobraad Robey .. 
'do "a" 68 

Cenont-Roaduona 107 

£3E- &P 5% 

gssTSU ft 

E®* a 

Feb 88 

• Do *A' n 

Frtan Op 80 

CMtnd 88 

Oibba a Dandy Ort 130 
Olaaaan (MJ) 388 
HAT ^ - 104 

Hefcxl Bar »0 

HewdatvSUrt 77 
Haywood MM ZJO 
HUS4HI 675 
■modi Jofwaan 174 
Jarvte (J) a Son 40 

rsH? a 

Lawrence (Wttar) ms 
U6By(FJC| 75 

i-M rrjj 418 

tSriM 300 

Mwtor 125 

Marshals (HaUax) 175 
Hay* Hama* ij* 
UcMpta* (Allrad) 40 


• 114 

• . 15.7 

.. 0.1 

• +6 6.1 
9+7’ j 120 
• .. 102 

*4 109 

• +B 100 

54 
44 
.. 87.1 

• 300 
142 

42 

+ V .. 

• 57 

49 


112 75 Brown Boren XM 104 i 
19 11V Biton (AF) 'A' 13 

152 94 CASE *> 

738 568 Cttanwm 683 i 

318 238 Camondge Qoc S<3 

*«3 183 CAP Gp »S 

57 37 cnaoma *7 

225 149 0D7WCPF 1?7 
352 203 Coracao 338 

320 250 Cray EMt 31B 

258 1*9 Gressffiste 2*§ 

79 63 DM BM §7 

200 IK Daaserv 155 

52 29V DawtaM 'A' 47 

365 S® OOBTO ___ 355 

so 40 DmmigAMS « 

212 152 iM 

85 46 EkdrameMteft. » 

62 « Barrara Senate 60 

337 237 EBR Lighting 317 

300 295 Ertodwrm 205 

253 IBS FaflWEMJ 

156 122 H»fT«na 128 

53 25 Fowam TflCfl < 

222 158 cec -m 

100 80 Grosronor 120 

114 88 Hatton] Baa 96 

103 a 1BL 63 

373 260 H Stout 6 Control 258 

243 ITS Jones Stroud 232 

t* 5 85 KMt ZSie 

823 233 Uc Retagertftan 258 

201 124 LOOM 190 

423 270 MK Bed 3M 

433 Z76 Hemac_ Z7S 

82 51V Mtaro BS » 

250 ISO Micro Focus ISO 

58 33 NUMOna Boa 48 

AS 54 Murray Baa 54 

308 *41 V Harenark (Lout) 30# 

io6v 9i m in 

49 18- Ocaonics 20 

5S0 383 Oxford IMHtsaantt 556 
32 18 PKoom » 

16* VI 29 Ptttfcs Hn S»t% C12? 
17V 13V pnac» Lanya H/V Ei3'a 

245 160 Wen . 3*5 

190 120 Da 'A* Ltd Voting IBS 
2*6 iB2 ftom _ a;, 

24V 15V Do ADR 25 Eg'* 

158 118 Praasae 120 

45 22 OmsI AmomMUn 26 

23* 160 Racml EUet 192 

483 IBB Rotaflo* 

615 445 Scnotss IGH) 560 
148 74 snonock 141. 

54 31V Bound Dttuaion 36V 

188 96 STC 1« 

21B 145 Stone M 1*8 

134 84 asan ampere m 

UP. 13V TDK EM’* 

253 170 Toiapnone Rantati 775 


• -1 43 4.1 9.7 

19 MB 302 
-3 19 M 79 

• 44 1X5 40 179 

-8 106 4.4 146 

11 19 .. 

. . 11.0 


112 71 
5* 28 
183 74 

570' 358 

80 32 

111 63V 

*25 331 

81 40 
174 121 
220 156 
215'. 158 V 

48 32 

315 207V 
305 208 
23’: 18V 
Mi «8 
225 178 
ns bz 
10V esa 

259 171 

260 IBS 
315 168 

19V 17V 
371 *48 
102V 83 
110 BO 
118 95 

137 57V 

irse 25 

97 81 

_ 86 72 


Coneamric 
Cora Sum mary 
Coca (Wm) 
Cookson 
Copscn (FI 
Cnsaa 

Courtney PW6 
Cowan Da Wool 
Cmn Nicnoson 
Crown House 
Cumans 3>r% 
DEC 
DFCE 
WW 
Dm 

Davies 5 Met A' 

Dnrea«WwRM 


6a La Rue 
Dm 

Dtraand Swnpng 
Desoutar 
CMoe Haai 
Diploma 
Dotson Park 
Dorn 

Dominion H 

Owl 

Dwuk 

Djgo nUUI 


111 *-l 
*8 • 

163 +5 

501 **1 

73 
108 
380 
54 

-mi 

220 *2 

061 « .. 
36 -£ 

290 -5 

280 • .. 
E21V .. 
68 -3 

223 «*3 

112 +5 
£59'. • - 
203 

253 ■ 

Z70 

17V • 

2*8 • . . 
101V (0*2,1 

105 

106 • .. 
131 

143 -2 


54 5.0 152 
14 27112 
8.4 3911.6 
11.1 42 134 
41 45 419 

49 43 1BJ 
149 3.4 141 

M 5J2U 
69b 49 139 
11.1 59146 
375 23 .. 
0.7a 19 . 

43 09429 

174 94 107 

32 A7 
149 64 71 
53 47 110 
47 1 43 144 

93 43 109 
11 A *9 127 
104 39 112 
as 34 194 
7.5 39154 

7 4 73 145 
71 69 119 

79 73 51 

39 39153 

57 69 214 
57 79 182 


90 sa 

124 re 

241 75 

2GI 95 

125 75 

17'- 13'* 
7T- 58V 
278 212 
540 2» 
130 102 
195 123 
204V 137 
198 116 
165 126 
225 156 
135 69 
198 161 
375 239 
1S4 69 

231 180 
37 W 
11D 55 
118 78 

295 210 
1*4 62 
283 177 

. 188 137 
740 385 
160 128 


Tnafus 

Train 

Turner 6 Neman 
UKO 


wSxVodUCH 


wagon aa 

MWG 


wnamian Raare 
Wlhasaoa 


WHS C(I 

Wood fSW) 
WMMMl 1 
Windham Eng 
Vjnow 
Yowg (H) 


73 .. 

123 *2 

226 »*2 
245 +5 

110 

C17V 

E78V -~ 

276 +» 

473 +3 

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139 

SI 53V -S'* 

187 

1*3 . 

223 *15 

130 *2 

193 

316 »+1 

1*4 

202 

37 +3 

re 

114 

270 

100 +2 

238 •-< 

183 

595 

128 • . 

533 • .. 

66 

41 *2 

: 78 

72 
820 
146 


0.1 0 1 603 

290 24 189 
107 47 47 
7.1 49 114 
19 19 2*9 
55 2 34 1S9 

79 28 12* 

189 39136 
69 54169 
49b 34 2*.1 


14 44 141 


OVERSEAS TRADERS 


AOa 99 343 
fl.ln 02 .. 
199 69 1* 0 
79 741*5 

1.1 69 40 

29 09 244 

19 67119 
575 *9 ■ • 


* ?! 

*4 73 


•*4V 43 

• 4-28 7.1 

.. 314 

-2 47 

♦IV U 

*?. 69 

+2 09 


iST (Snrtoy) re 

S 

Na wn hi* wo 

NottWtf M i Brick 198 
P at aa nmon sw 

pnoaiax Tkitoar 93 
Podhoa 3» 

RUC 6*0 

Radand 484 

RutxwoKJ 298 

gr 0 ”” sr 

StrepdAPMar 12* 

Smart (J) » 

Tarmac 

Taylor WdoWDi* 338 
T*nry Group . 132. 

Tfarta 6 Arnold *15 
Trartt 77 

TurrtO 101 

wwtjpJBS re* 

WJrt 270 

!Sr 8 S. m * 

UMtam 8kOB 76 

wSa^t O ontipayl M 
Mtnpay (Gaorga) 208 


• 4.7 69119 

4J0 3.7 .. 

.. 45 39141 

r *0 9*9 *4 102 

89 m 114 

55 5.7 10.9 

89 69 149 

*2 29b 29 229 

4.7 491B9 

• . 45 29 T29 

• .. 45 37 99 

54 9.0 234 

89 72 149 

. 48 29 361S 

79 22127 
54 52 108 

• 1 24 41 139 

99 421X1 
... 194 34 15.7 
r -2 .7.1 4.1 T31 

. . 259a 59 149 

■ +S 109 41 132 

• «S «.H 22 129 

• +6 62 49 67 

59 79 97 

• -•1 102 24 U9 

42 87 49 174 

+3 119 39 189 

+V 64 43 2*9 

79b 49 149 

■?. 179* 43 139 

•** «.a« 

99 79 167 
•44 229 59 119 

• .. 157 19174 

• .I 89 47149 

;; 79 34 129 

43 49 39 

• .. 164 49 44 

+2 209 61 US 

-1 185 39 1*9 

.. 129 42109 

• +1V 93 94 169 

+Z 107b 29 139 

+1 43 271B9 

• .. 68b -82 175 

Z*6 134 49197 

• *6 123 37 149 

7.6 59112 
.. 122 29169 

+1 1.6 41 92 

.. 109 59 341 

.. 134 47144 

+2 104 39 159 

• .. 14 20 air 

• 43 66 IB 132 

• .. 19 41248 


126 50 TakaWWta SO 

529 374 Than EM *62 

235 170 Thorp* (WO ££* 

360 225 TanMaB » 

316 206 UB 316 

273 205 IWMdl • 208 

205 156 IM tatting Jg 

190 no red Sda nafc «0 

505 320 vq mstnimanm SM 

323 225 Vote rea 

Ida 5* Westam Satacaon K 

103 75 WmtwortJi Baa 78 

285 230 WhoMM FUHg 2*5 


•«6 109 

-4 299 

61 

• .. 49 

• .. 79 

-2 89 

-25 59 

•-1 61 
*6 39 

-2 129 

•-» y 

+5 99 


FINANCE AND LAND 


Annan Hum 
Antofagasta 
BarMfly Tacti 

* Snh 

Cflnow 

3XTU 

Mty 6 Sana 
Majacia 

Nm I Hama Loans 
Do 86 


19 08 .. 

.-. 32 2.0 67 

r . . 279b *9 59 

-V T7T 69 7*2 
.. 57 22*19 

+V 17 67 162 I 

| .. 6B *2 224 

*-1 68b 49 289 


mancUTmabtoipearoiiPbtpZ* 


49 1.1 209 
6* 29 20-1 


CHEMICALS. PLASTICS 


AKZD N/v Bsatar ere 1 * 
AMd Co«o<la 
Amanftam 388 

Anchor CnanaM 2*5 
BTP Iff 

Bayer DM50 MB 

BtaRdan 127 

Brent Chaos 1SI 

re Benzol 83 

C»m«o m 118 

Coakto *68 - 

Coma Bros 138 

DO A- 132, 

Cory (Horace] ^17V 

Create 158 

Oo Dfd 1» 

EM 6 Everanl 
Foseeo-**’t«P » 

Hntstaad (tomato «■ 

Hdoon *35 

Hoocnm DU50 EJ 

imp Cnem tad 
Upone 380 

Lmgn J® 

Piyan -22 

na ab rnr* Hkfgs 71 

RmrJOU 

SWA BPD 223 

Sutoatte Spoaimn B 

Ra* are 

Yorkshae Cram 1» 


CINEMAS AND TV 


383 178 AngkS TV 'A* 
51 47 Grampian 

2*0 170 HTVKIV 
363 263 LWT h&dgs 
3S0 IBS SOOt TV A' 
278 153 TVS N/V 
44 31 TEW 


263 •16V 139 S9 139 

SI +2 29 67 73 

215 +2 114 99 89 

363 .. 213 69149 

338 -« 159 44 11.1 

278 +15 114 4-1133 

44 46 59 111 



313 2(8 E) 
221 158 B 
277 21* 0 
42’: 29V B 
153 tnev B 
28V (17V B 
96 52 El 
28V 10V B 
381 262 B 
28V 19V B 

168 140 B 
I77VI30V E 
1*0 112 
342 158 E 
133 111 E 
220 127 E 
415 315 E 
55 22 F 

42 a f 

1*3 106 F 
75 60 F 

618 408 F 
59 35 F 

12* B* F 
a 31V F 
123 <00 F 
41V 27'i f 
199 157 f 
67 51 j 

131 84 ( 

385 256 t 
3T0 280 l 
118 60 ( 
147 100 t 
150 HI t 
11 V 756V f 
3*0 19* I 
505 325 I 
238 107 I 
312 206 I 
10V 6V I 
93 S8V I 
232 13* I 
162 126 I 
205 180 I 
280 230 I 
39 25V 

49 30 

191 141 
190 145 
116 98 
l2*v 11BV 
IBS 133 
225 175 
623 431 
150 92 

135 B1 
220 140 
98 

96 65 

142 122 
81 62 
101 08 
285 1*8 
120 81 
15V H 1 * 
310 23* 
115 88 
265 207V 
IBB 119 
315 211 
295 285 
133V MV 
615 *73 
216 133 
MV 22V 
330 235 
138 66 
132 67 
29 21 

. 38 -25 

325 188 
130 105 
298 230 
168 123 


Eastern Prod 
Ettoro 

OS 


Bum 

Bearofcm (AE] B 
Elan (Bt 
Emnan __ „ 

Engksn Cnra Oay 
Ehrasoi JIM -B' 
Emm House 
Eunptnn Fames 
Do 5*. PH 
Erered 
Erode 

Expamal H 
Enel 

FlOCOT 
Fennur [Jill 

Fi to tadmar 
Foom 
Fitzaatan 
FteuM CBM 
1 FOM 

, FoStt'oroup N/v 
Foawtnd 6 Haney 
Frown (Thonwu 
GE) M 
CKN 

on 

Garun Eng 
Gasmiar 
GUMS 
> Glaxo 
Gtynwod 
Gemg Kerr 
Grampian Kdgs 
Granada 
■ Broveoal 
, HaM Prwasion 

Hal Era 
Haa m 


Hampton tad 
Hananex 
Hanson 
Da B% Cm 
DO 5VS PI 
Do 10% 


263 +6 

190 • •• 

235 • ... 

42V +V 

150 -3 

£25'- + « 

.91 

E23V •->- 
337 +1 

E23‘* 

140 • ■■ 

131V • .. 
130 • .. 

278 **2 

130 -1 

192 +2 

375 • .. 

53V 

34 r .. 
13* +1 

60 

810 • .. 

59 +1 

too • .. 
53 +2 

111 

37V • -■ 

r 192 

m 

100 • .. 
369 -3 

305 • .. 

112 • .. 
139 

142 • .. 

E10V 

340 •«* 

3BO +30 

143 

268 +10 

B +'j 


Hams (Pinto) 

Hawker BKkttiey 
H— If 
Hay (Norman) 
Hapwortn Carame 
I lM t ak 
H ewitt (J ). 

SSTSi" 

Hoa Lloyd 
Hoptansam 
Howdnn 
Hudson Bay 
Hunung assoc 
H urting Group 
HutcMn wnarapoa 
W> 

SSttons Boone 
■ JereBna Mata 
Johnson OMnars 
Jotnson Uattnay 
1 Johnson 6 FB 

Jonaa 6 S*pm*n 
jotadan m*n»to 


214 .. 

1*2 «+2 
220 +3 
270 • .. 

36>* 

32 *1 

176 •+* 

£177 
112 V 
£1 HP- 
176 w-2 

220 -3 

563 *+2 

114 • .. 

135 • .. 

213 •+« 

185 S+2 

BO 

140 .. 

70 +2 

95 •-! 

255 «+V 

99 

£13V • . ■ 
280 • .. 
103 • ■■ 

240V -*V 

183 


113 SA 68 
10.7 BA 03 
93 41 123 
25 59 150 

60 AO 163 

43 A7 183 
139 60 
1510 43 13.4 
93 D.« 

0.50 04 13.1 
68 52 67 
7.1 53 . . 

50 13 15.1 
48 63 14-0 
84 41160 

143 33 169 

67 13 .. 

21 62 83 

7.1 63 21-1 

50 83 174 

73 13 27.1 
ID IJ . v 

68 53 73 

66 1.1 63 

61 64 143 

23 53 67 

123 83 143 

4.1 66 . ■ 

84 73137 

17.1 43 124 

10.0 33 34 

5D *3 34 

2.1 13 123 

4.7 33 162 
157 13 273 

123 33 173 

ISO 38 150 

SJ 4 0 14.4 
131 33123 

67 38 43 

23 33161 

120 53 161 

84 43 167 
129 69156 

24 09 293 
I Jb 43 11* 


INSURANCE 


Abbey Lbo 
Atex A AlBX 
Am Gen 
Braostock 
Braanoc 

Com reran 
Equity < Law 
FAI 

Gan Acddant 
GRE 

Hnriti C E 
Hogg Robkison 
Legal S Gan 
London A mail 

Lon UU bw 

. Marsh A MCLsn 
Udei 
PWS 
Peart 
PrudantW 

SSSP 

5urge Hdga 
Sot ABBnce 
Sun Ua 
Trade IndemMy 
wms Faoer 


iM +2 

£25’. •-’* 
£26 V +V 

360 

879 +17 

309 +3 

283 *+5 

341 -2 

844 • +5 

89* •+5 

533 »-3 

289 

278 a +5 
2i* a +8 

403 • .. 

£37V 

2*4 • .. 

303 • .. 

£14'. 

872 +10 

433 +7 

86 * +2 
335 -T 
412 • . 

42* 

89* *+2 

B58 +7 

195 

430 +2 


93 53 . 

100 4D 
093 14 
85 2* 2*3 

423 43 .. 
169 55 . . 
93 34 .. 


158 127 §£E3a> IM 

E5%su § 

^ftvBS Sftto 1 

^ ^ ffi’wtoon 1 

258 190 Paterson. ZoBt ^ 

ft ire f 

50 30 Bme Darby r *7 

con ccg Coyj Ujoa 570 

12 61 T^rKmntrtay 181 

193 153 Yito Cano 1B0 


♦1 67a 1 * 133 

• +& 163 72 53 

• +l 53 71 161 

• +3 2B6 7.S1S.1 

• -2 26.9 67 30.6 

• .. 1.8 4.7 123 

-1 15 8 81 128 

• -3 64 79 S3 

+8 88 19 73 

+7 83 38 74 

-3 75 43 32 

'• 223 43 124 

-3 .. .. 6*3 

• 100 S3 83 


PAPER. PRINTING. ADVERTG 


Investnent TRols appw on Page 28 


LEISURE 



144 98 I 

220 ire I 

171 90 I 

50 3* ' 
225 158 
388 325 
82V 49 
81 65 

128 93 

131 9* 

103 32 

1B0 137 
175 135 
301 278 
388 328 
8* 43 

228 165 
360 255 
71 51 

183 126V 


Barr 6 WA 'A' MO 

Boosay A Hawkes 1« 

Bren waiter 157 

Campari 48 

errysata ij® 

Frm Leisure 388 

GRA _ |8 

Ka n burger Brooks 88 
Horizon Travel 117 

M Lenrn 118 

JtimsHHgt 42 

Ua Mtt in 

Medmawar >50 

PMaawarea » 

Ready Usehtt 3M 

R*ay Larsura 53 

USX 1 

TttHrtMl Hotspur 70 
-7mm 188 


• +16 160 7.1 11 0 

292 

• .. 73 50 12-1 

-1 14 23 123 

• . . 83 50 10 4 

+5 66 22 193 

+1 "Si 

63 5* 58 

+1 7. lb 51 83 

+-1 43 162 16* 

73 53 IM 

• . . 167 33 122 

+3 161 4.1 160 

293 

83 43 141 

m-S 14 13 143 

5.7s 61 127 
+1 51 33 144 


PROPERTY 


Ktoon 
Kehay tad 
KenradyS" 
itaishaw (A) 
KtaarvE-Za 


103 -IV 

585 

206 »-3 

sit* 

134 

117 

25 +1 

27 *lL 

275 »+ao 

12S 

273 -4 

188 


73 4.1 162 
Ij 03 433 
83 12151 

293 50153 
16 1.7 143 

. e .. 183 
107 14 123 
S3 4.1 63 
53 43 153 
231113 84 
1.7 63186 
114 4.1 113 
20b 13 21.9 
214 73 220 
7.1 42 361 


MINING 


re 22 loh 

317 2*1 Lap 

323 216 Lrtrfl 
73 42 Lawtex 

77 41 Lea (Arthur) 
3* 25 LrJscara 

96 69 LatBSMD 

88 6* Lmmad 
87 S3 Lloyd im 
35 23V LoctcerlT) 

230 179 Lon Mkland 
135 99 DO DM 

76 S8V Lon 6 Ntlm 

227 159 fan tad 

228 134 Longton tnd 
473 319 Low 6 Boner 
383 306 ML HOB* 

115 6* MS W 

50V 32 MY Dart _ 


255 Macartftys Pnerm 380 


INDUSTRIALS 

A-D 


288 165 McKechnta 2S 

125 7B UagnoWr IM 

695 495 Mancnaner »to -_ 6» 

79 52 Ma n ganaa o Bronze 7i 

88 88 Mari&B _ .60 

120 65 Marenaa (Loxtoy) >® 

95 85 Marsnals Uimi 72 

663 300 Manorrar «1S 

B05 525 Mato Box 

194 12a Metal poems 143 

gi 55 Metorax. M 

76V .61 Meenei Cotts 85 

123 TO M*raB Sonera 120 

198 163 Motoe 176 

318 212 MO-gan Cruejto 300 

139 95 Moss (Ropen) 1» 

42 20V NBflpMnd * 

218 158 Ned U1 1*3 

41 M Nawtnan tarta SB 

152 92 Newman Toeks 151 

130 86 Nome 6 Lota 118 

85 45 Norton 45 

272 186 Norms 272 

258 203 Ottoe Beet Mach 238 

448 2*7 PtaWrKnol 'A' 4» 

3*5 223 Park Pace 333 

940 525 PamihJT 9*0 

558 383 Pearson »0 

27 11 Pee* X, 

135 88 Peerless Jg 

67* 332 Poqt^HWWrfoy 


00 1 * 21 .1 

• .. 7D 33 23.7 
S 86 31 189 

860 *3 76 
.+3 33 *SS7 

+11 12 33 IB-6 

16 *7 60 

18 68 iae 
•+V 16 76 6J 

S 142 72 11.1 

m-'i 74 113 114 
66 31 17.7 

+3 46- 2D286 

+5 136 26 163 

11.1b 26 22D 
0.7 OS 15.7 
+2V 14 26 148 

+2 116 36 166 

15 23 203 

• 414 27 14 1*7 

.. 143b 66 123 

*8 *0 110 

BA 18 212 

43. 61 83 

23 26 97- 

+5 62 *3 93 

29 46 17 8 
.. 116 18 219 

• 27.1 36 106 

4.5 96 67 21 * 

S +1 12 *3 126 

.. 8.1 9* 66 

• . . 65 48 121 

.. 113 64 62 

• . . T2.1 48 167 

4.7 16 14.7 
«.y Ole 03 166 

• .. 108 66 65 

+1 1.1 31 546 

• +2 103 68 126 

1.0 OB 36.1 
-2 14 11 BOB 

. . 113 46 117 

• .. Ill 51 9.7 

+5 15D 15 166 

96 26266 


DRAPERY AND STORES 





m 

prn 

SO 35 

199 110 

laf 

20< 139 
136 115 
287 108 
M3 97 
323 196 
*23 296 
1» 34 
26 IS 

BnBBorHwnmy 
Br Bug 6 Eng 
■Br Saaa 

Ear 

Broken Ml 
BtMBorotw tad 

49 £5 
190 154 
30 « 

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303 200 
282 135 
83 59 
32 U 

- Brooke Jot* 

Bream l Taws* 
Brawn (Jotitu 
Bnnons (MuS) 
Butougn 
Buroass 
BumbAnttenon 
Candord Eng 

9‘- 7 

■■ CinadanPSOtx 






77 

B .. 

IS 


302 

-4 



311 . 

-2 

03 


172 . 






m . 




27.7 

5* 1! 


• +3V 

167 

30 1 



63 

4.4 1- 

167 

+1 

19 

13 11 






• -1 

30 

73 1 

280 


257* 62 1 



11 


216 


107 

43 11 

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30 

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2.511 

428 

• +7 

17.1 
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IS 

40 11 

38 

•+2 

US 

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73 

7.1 

tso 


61 


452 

-2 

6b 

10 2! 

615 

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68 

1.4 4. 

44 ' 

• .. 

20 

4i 1 

740 

• .. 

66 

Ml 

170 


3* 

203 

118 


30 

■4.2 1 

140V 

+'* 

64 

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66 

43 1 

150 


64 

431 

2S3 


14 

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53 


i.*b 15 

386 

-10 

1.7 

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330 

•+10 

68 

201 

3H5 

•+2 

1/.1 

4/1 

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*+4 

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4.11 

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C17V 

+*■ 



113 


130*115 

358 

• .. 

170 

501 

84 


17. 

68 ' 

3S 


11 

60 ' 

44 

• 

65 

1.1 i 

161 


7.1 

44 

203 


74 

13 ' 

pU5 


09 

0.7 ' 

?87 

• 

11.1 

33 

116 


43 

37 

301 


100 

13 

368 

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+6 

1.6 

to; 

» 

+1 

6/ 

70s 

41 

• 

20 

43 

176 

• +1 

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S3 

28 


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51 

-1 

*3 

64 

7R? 


11.7 

61 

2*6 

+5 

18 

10 2 

74 

•-V 

40 

64 

m 

+1 

15a 28 

tr. 

• . 

114 

M5 

5*' 

*1 

2A 

44 

73 


20a 40 

357 


173b 50 

90 

• 

40 

44 

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1A 

61 

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30 

M 

• . 

14 

67 

• 

50 

67 

91 


10 

65 


• +2 

16.4 

62 

590 

-4 

207 

36 

315 

+5 

73 

26 

54 

-2 


1 .. 

734 


64 

20 

141 


HU 

71 

500 


IM 

31 

. 209 

+4 

. 7.1 

64 


674 332 PogterJjatterslay 625 

g05 200 Ponttand tad B05 

1* 775 Ph rt&tta 612 

*8 3 311 Pswigton ■ 423 

46 51 Ptem* Coestr 82 

365 195 PortaB 335 

323 215 POrtsr cnotoasn 306 

314 238 Powai Ourityn 206 

164 95 Proswmm rtdgs i» 

131 58 Pntdwrfl Sen . «SV 

215 97 RFD Ml 

190 119 RHP J® 

130 123 RmkanMeto 1ZB 

509 *21 Rank Ora 517 

226 115 Ransoma Stan 20* 

900 605 Ream *. 21 

245 118 Reottem Gtess 2« 

271 200 Reed Executive »0 

9V 6*0 Rmd kx 972 

173 132 R toyO" 

ai 57 Ranald .73 


13V 5 Ai 
10 V 638 A 
57V 3* A 
58 33 A 

40 23 A 

41 23 
196 120 A 
*25 258 B 
160 82 B 

21V 11V B 
358 258 C 
69 45 C 
534 *19 C 
531 314 0 

200 105 0 

9’j 4V C 
13V BV C 
7’- 3V £ 
255 150 E 
59* 256 E 
198 129 E 
195 85 E 
390 220 E 
*'• 2'- E 
8 4'- t 

213 B3 F 
75 20 C 

BV 4V ( 
10 6 ( 
1DV 6 ( 
478 313 ( 
83 35 ( 
102 70 t 
375 163 

156 91 I 
BV 4V I 

350 166 I 
91 47 V . 

12V 5'. I 
6V 3V I 
160 65 I 

13*. BV I 
410 170 I 

157 68 I 

28 IS I 
123 63 I 

23 14V I 

26 6 : 
9 5<- 

656 520 
5V 2V 
142 78 

44 26 V 

260 207 
22V 11 
128 90 

209 207 
25 11 

4*5 200 
69 >6 

290 225 
791 511 
7V *V 
1®': 6*1 
166 70 

31 14V 

556 300 
138 80 

ire 75 
509 300 
59V 33’. 
544 238 
105 56 

90 *5 
17 10’: 

5*5 288 
310 123 
29V 15V 
196 127 

266 ire 

1*0 90 

17V TV 
56 25 

16V 11 
58 33 


Ang Amur Coal 
Ang Am 
Am Goto 

AATT 


Andovaal 
DO 'A' 

Ayer Warn 

Blyvoora 

Bracken 

Bufiass 

CHA 

Cm Boyd 
Cons Qatdfiokta 
De Beera 
DtMikraai 
Doomfonkra 
Chmtonten 
Drttmn 
E Oagges 
Etonrarand 
B Oro 
Bsoura 
E Rand Qoid 
E Reno Prop 
FS Can 
FS Dev 
Geewr Tin 
Genoa! 
GenMmeig 
GfSA 

GM Kaigook 
Gapeng 
Greenwich Res 
GroatvW 
Hampton Anus 


Wool 

Lesto 

Uunon 

Lorame 

HIM 

Mateysan Urrag 
UBrtMte 
Matos Exp 
Mnengrti 
Masse MM 
Mrnroo 
New WHS 
Ntn Broken (to 
Nth Kataurt 
NorthgtoB- 

Peko Vhttend 
Rand Mates Ito 
Rant Mean Prop 
Ranofanara 
Reason 
RTZ 

Ruatenbug 
St Helena 
SA Land 

, Souttarest 
StoOMMI 
Sungoi Baal 
Trowh 
Urasel 

> Vast Reels 
Ventorapost 
uwdontain 
VOfftes 

: Wankto Cotaary 
WDfcom 
westam Aran 
■ Western Deep 
Weston Mmmg 

Was Rend Cons 
warn Croak 

: Writers 
Wh NflW 
Zamoui Capper 

Zandpan 


-aa 5*.o 7J .. 
+1V 446 113 .. 
-V 271 0.0 . . 

• -2 1*2 62 ■■ 
•-2 142 62 .. 

.. 475 339 .. 

-25 790 30-0 .. 

+S 26-8 219 .. 

262 217 .. 

-* 

+20 35 0 7711.1 
-1 1PD *3 .. 
-8 40 36 .. 

-V 820 182 .. 
-V 126 15.4 .. 

+3 11 ■■ 

+10 120 I8- 
60 38 118 
+10 1*0 131 .. 
-10 260 IIO .. 


600 111 
870 120 
460 7.1 


+7 540 28 * . . 

.. 1A 00 3*2 
-V 618 118 .. 
-12 17-ffi 88 .. 

3*5 8* .. 
+«. 89 0 117 .. 

» 40.0 100 .. 

.. 290 367 .. 

-*i 115 168 .. 


i7o 2*j ” 


.. 10.0 1.9 .. 
. . 210 64 . . 
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♦V 



£11 V •+'- 
220 +5 

£44 

256 -1 

BO* «+5 
£SV 
esv 
78 

£17’- +'« 

325 +12 

108 

BS 

383 +15 

Si 4 

253 -20 

58 -7 

45 

16 -■ 

316 -if 

143 -2 

ClBV +V 

127 -3 

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£8V +'* 

28 
11V 

35 -3 


120 5i 60 

551 115 .. 

814 52 60 

260 47 410 
125 194 .. 
160 211 -- 
118 68 .. 


*60 117 .. 
556 161 .. 
5*0 21-3 .. 
150 250 . . 
43 66 50 

670 2V1 
230 16T .. 
171 103 .. 
30 2* -. 
110 84 .. 

175 210 ^ 
1.1 IS . . 

37 .106 ' 


SHIPPING 


MOTORS AND AIRCRAFT 


9V6» S? , * n, 
173 132 Rttym 


250 138 AE 
1G8 78 App teysro 
1*1 70V Armstrong 

53’: 24V B8G 


150 128 Ftapnor 
1*6 122 *. 

3 QV Rotapri nt 
162 116 Rotolt 

130 96 RuttMi (A> 


% toA^ns 


sss»+i 

gr 

FH Group 
FORI Mc*or 
Gates (Frank GI 
Gawd Moor 
GUnfreta L*wra« 
aow Lotus 
Hanwels 


38 

17 

27* 

21* 

99 

55 

90 

49 

528 

373 

140 

103 

195. 120 

170 

9* 

154 

134 

154 

121 

IS* 

09 

52 

29 


75 

153 

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990 

703 

53’. 

32 

303 

180 

1*9 

83 V 

500 

388 

32'- 

131 

9* 

41 

30 

826 

228 

225 

163 

ISM 

128 

153 

71 

116 

£ 

156 

85 

70 

43 

600 

3*5 

500 

354 

1>6 

98 

236 

170 

96 

75 

210 

153 

222 

(83 

2*8 

ISO 

284 

90 

43 

12 

221 

180 

307 

3*9 

195 

115 

250 

183 

530 

360 

65 

33 

8‘ 

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95 

84 

165 

123 

no 

91 

228 

« 

315 

132 

333 

203 

3*9 

289 

243 

200 

IB 

12* 

22 

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61 79 



93 

66 149 



10 

£7 34.0 

71 


36 

45 160 

496 

**6 

170 

65 161 



47 

67 12.7 


-3 

43 

£5140 

158 

-2 

30 

£5160 

134 

-3 

1.7- 

10 35.0 



18 

13 319 

101 


3.4 

34 200 


♦2 

24 

5.1 140 

170 

19 

30 62 

120 

•+5 

119 

10.1 79 


-10 

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£1 169 

*8 


14 

20 867 

270 

• +2 

12.1 

40 63 

111 

• . 

63 

70 120 

444 

• . 

260 

50 166 





119 

40 

S-T 

33 

04 

60 

20 200 
10 270 
£3 263 



8fi 

40 14.4 

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70 

4014.0 

133 

-2 

5.7b 40 0.1 

105 


79 

75 103 

140 

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600 

• +10 

260 

40110 



166 

39 145 

116 

• +3 

10 

171 

• 3.4 274 
70 50 

90 

201 

+2 

66 

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120 

100 8.4 

1 .. 50 
50130 

247 

a-3 

60 

£4 250 

99 





140 

75 111 

557 

+13 

186 

33 m* 


+2 

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’ 20 90 


40 

500 

+5 

9b 

10 230 

£5* 

6*r 

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40100 



81 

49 162 

110 

• .. 

61 

20 142 


+3 



315 

+32 

53 

1.7 43 2 

306 


3 5 

11259 


•+1 

109 

65 SO 

223 

181 

17V 


95 

69 

40164 
40 156 
324 


PiexBns IG8) 
QurektHJ) 

Supra 

Woodnead (Janas) 


250 • 

1*5 +15 

127 -3 

52 V *+3 


535 +17 

137 »+1 

5* 

258 «+1'i 

197 

108 «+1 
232 

84 *5 

319 s+7 

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250 >4 

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133 

100 B+7 

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121 * - 

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71 ■ .. 

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7.4 30 174 

71 49 67 
12 17 168 

IO 30 161 

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220 42 113 

50 16 ISO 

70 11 ! I 

50 15 92 

64 SO 94 
73 11 170 
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113 12 115 

8.1 50 92 

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15.1 4 1 209 
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366 233 
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210 129 

576 428 
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390 380 


ASSOC Br Ports M3 . . 71 

Br Comnonweam 271 •+§ 7.1 

Catenone 230 • +2 7.1 

Ktiw (James) 7* -2 *J 

Gnu *90 17 9 

Jacobs (Ji) 74 3- 1 

Jersey Docks » . . • • 

ttSEr* ft 3, 43 

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SHOES AND LEATHER 


300 290 F» 329 

sua 155 Garnar Booth 1H 

45 32 Hearten Sans ** 

21 B 160 Lambert Horarta 1» 

BZ 68 Newtxto 6 Burton 76 

114 82 FVrard 106 

157 UB Strong 6 Fiahm l« 

m 150 Stylo 2Z» 


93 23 127 

t 143 92 96 

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63 42 10.4 
44 59 230 
62 5.7 7* 
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+2 64 29 262 


TEXTILES 


NEWSPAPERS AND 
PUBLISHERS 


Assoc Book 3*5 
AsaocNewsptow 
sack (ASQ reo 
Bristol rW 

Coins (Wm) 4B 

00 A ' m 

EUAP A 300 

Haynes Ptoksiwg 375 
HoneCouttes l^S 

Independent 290 

H Thomson »7 
NOWS wemaoowd £1* 
rtran ffM 550 

Portsmouth Bund 1JB 
Tnrrty tail *® 

LHd Newspepere re* 


+» 60 
+7 61 

9 .. 14.3 
+45 329 
11 1 
+5 11-1 

>+*'* *■* 
260 
100 
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-V 140 
+5 66 

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+2 214 

+3 219 


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273 135 
1*0 97 

104 06 
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100 60 
7«\ 58'. 
315 t» 
160 7* 

276 196 
57 *2 

171 114 
50 25 
110 66 
113 68 

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100 60 
7S 47 
190 132 
175 138 
90 6 * 
63 81 
1)5 71 
22 10 
15B 94 
42 30 
155 IN 
34 23 

1B2 133 
70 46 
119 67 
108 95 
205 95 
1D5 rev 
350 235 


Abed Text 320 

Atom Bros 273 

Berne Down 132 

Bedtnun (A) IDO 

Br Menu ■ 131 
Burner 6 Lunt> 97 

Conn 737 

Covrtaukfe 305 

Crowmm (J) ifi* 

Dawson 256 

Datxon 49 

Don Buffil 170 

Ort U* M 

Foster (Jomi BO 

GasfceB SroatScwn lot 
Hetong Pentecost 42 
Mgrui (HaroU) 100 
Jerome (S) 70 

Laraoni 171 

Leeds 171 

L«er 90 

LytoG IS) 02 

Madtay (Hugh) 100 

MuMon 17 

Paridand 'A 144 

Headeu 38 

SECT 133 

Shaw Carpets 2* 

Sirdar 157 

Smaasnaw <Bj 68 

Stroud nsey 11B 

Tomuod Jersey 184 

Tonttcnsons 193 

Tooto IN' 

YcrtJyOe 320 


13 19 220 

160 37 169 
59 45 5.7 
62 62 117 

86 60 03 

7.1 73 J7.1 

67 7.6 .. 

9 3 30 102 

11 11 113 

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50 63 70 
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84 4.1 1£fi 
39 5.7 02 

36 31 207 
79 43 132 

83 4.7 145 
57 54 110 

100 11 105 



TOBACCOS 


431 

306 

BAT 

4N 

+4 170 

40 106 

187 

127 

Rowans ff 

161 

+1 90 

60 70 


























































26 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 


Edited By Matthew May 


COMPUTER HORIZONS/1 


/'-j * 



A Scoop 
for the 
pollution 
fighters 


A setback for British design in 
Apricot’s market strategy 






By Frank Brown 


- 


aspYfrTSfc.-irs 

Fingertip farming: Dairy farmer Alan Farkhonse with new Dairyfaac service 



The pinta goes electronic 


■ Dairy farmers will soon 
be able to link up electronically 
to the Milk Marketing 
Board's computer with a new 
service called Dairyfax, run 
through British Telecom's 


through British Telecom's 
Prestet system. It will allow 
farmers to check the results of 
their milk samples taken by 
the board and work out 
predictions for output and 
income given details of a 


COMPUTER 
^ BRIEFING y . 


an action brought by the 
Camden-based London New 
Technology Network 
(LNTN) aqainst it LNTN is one 


particular herd and calving 
dates. Milk payments ana milk 
prices are two of the Items 
included in a news section and 
the board will present a 
shortlist of suitable bulls in a 
section called Sirematch. 


Further details from 01-398 
4101. 

■ The next British final of 
the Micromouse contest is to 
be held on July 15 and 16 at 
the Institution of Electrical 
Engineers. Micromice are 
small robot vehicles which 
have to run through a maze 
of alleyways six-and-a-half 
Inches wide and find the 
fastest route to the centre. The 
contest, first introduced to 
the UK in 1980. has grown over 
the years with several 
countries holding Euromicro 
finals while the Japanese 
dub has more than 800 
members. Though early 
contestants were professional 
engineers, advances in 


robot technology have made it 
possible for young 
enthusiasts and school teams 
to achieve good results. 

■ The Manpower Services 
Commission has produced a 
new guide to careers in 
high technology. Working in 
Computing is a 24-page 
booklet which examines where 
the shortage of 
experienced computing 
experts gives the best 
prospects for numerate 
youngsters. It includes 
interviews with computer 
programmers, operators 


from Technet, a wholly- 
owned subsidiary of the 
Greater London Enterpri 


Greater London Enterprise 
Board which derived its funds 
from the now defunct GLC. 
Before the undertaking was 
given, London New 
Technology had claimed an 
injunction requiring 
immediate payment of 
£264,840. The money, it 
said, was due under a funding 
agreement 


■ It has been called the 
world's most successful board 
game and now it will be 
available in a computer 


and designers and a look at the verson. Trivial Pursuit, 


pitfalls of training for a 
marketplace that is rapidly 
changing. 

The booklets, which cost 
£1 .95, are available from COIC, 
Sales Department 
Freepost, Sheffield SI 4BR. 


I Technology company, 
Technet, funded by the Greater 
London Enterprise Board to 
allocate money for job creation 
schemes in the capital, 
agreed in the High Court last 
week to freeze more than 
£250,000 pending judgment in 


dreamt up by three Canadians 
over a kitchen table 
covered in Scrabble boards 
and beer bottles, has sold 
nearly 70 million copies 
worldwide, three million of 
them in the UK. 

The computer version win 


feature many questions from 
the Master Genus Edition • 


JUTIHCML HTHlfGENCE UWfED 


IV lead toe UK twplin la tV AittflrM lotc&lgeacc Martcfftee 


ACCOUNT MANAGERS AND JUNIOR SALESPEOPLE 

If you are fete rested in AI and Expert Systems, 
we have opportunities for suitably qualified 
persons to join one of the most dynamic and 
fastest growing UK companies In this field. 
Our product range Is continually expanding 
and includes the most sophisticated AI hard- 
ware and software 


the Master Genus Edition ■ 
and Domark, the company 
marketing it, says the game 
will be faithful to the original, 
although new puzzlers will 
be added — "fresh and exciting 
questions’’ in the words of 
the marketeers. A technical 
innovation will be that the 
Spectrum, Commodore 64 and 
Amstrad versions will 
feature "Uniload”, a system 
allowing a universal 
question tape to be loaded into 
any of those machines. 


The Trivial Pursuit 
computer game is due to be 
available in Britain from • 
September, on Spectrum, 
Commodore 64, Amstrad 
and BBC at £14.95. 


Candidates for the Account Manager positions 
should peferably be graduates with a mini- 
mum or 3 year's experience of selling or 


providing pre-sales support tor highly tech- 
nical software and hardware products. 
Candidates for the Junior Sales positions 
should also be educated to degree standard 
but direct selling experience is not necessary 
although It would be advantageous. We are a 



young company whose success to date is due 
entirely to the efforts of our highly motivated 
bO qualified people. Successful ap- 


team of well qualified people. Successft 
pBcants wffl have enormous scope 


Good grief. It’s an IBM 


personal career development in a challenging 
but enthusiastic environment 



■ One of the first of an 
expected flood of cheap 
personal computers from 
the Far East is the Bon dwell 
34. manufactured in Hong 
Kong and priced at £690. It is 
compatible with the 


industry standard set by the 
IBM PC and comes with 



TO YOUR 
NEXT MOVE! 

£8,500- £20,000 + relocation 


Congratulations may well beJn order if you decide 
to mate your next career move with our help. We 

have clients at the "State of the Art* in areas of 
Electronic Engineering, Research and 
Development and Softwara/Hardware 
Development. Applicants must be educated to at 
least HND or over (depending on the position) 
with around 18 months’ relevant experience. 
Vacancies lor our various clients are available 
throughout the S.E of England. 


IBM PC and comes with 
two disc drives, a green screen 
monitor and 640 kilobytes 


of memory. The low price of 
such machines is causing 
consternation among other 
more expensive 
manufacturers many of whom 
have already cut their 
prices by up to 20 per cent A 
more powerful version of 
the computer, the Bondwell 
36XT, comes with a 20 
megabyte hard disc at £1 , 1 50. 
They are both being 
imported by the Hitchin-based 
Spectrum Group on 0462 
37171. 


VACANCIES 


SOFTWARE ENOeRS 



APPUCATK3NS 

. Software Development Numerical Analysis. 
Simulation, Maths Modelling, Expert Systems, 
Pattern Recognition, Signal Processing. 
Communications, Anatogue/Digita] Design, 
Control Systems, RBUHRVHF, VLSI. 1C. CAD/ 
CAM, Navai/MIJItary/Defence environment 


Events 

Knowledge Based 
Systems Show, Wembley 
Conference Centre, 

London, July 1-3 (01-868 4466) 


PC User Show, Olympia 
London. July 16-18 (01 -f 




HARUWARBSOFTWAHE 

IBM, ICL GEC, PRIME, DEC, POP, VAX, IBM 
PC, INTEL MOTOROLA etc. 

FORTRAN, CORAL ADA, PASCAL. 'C'. FTTU2, 
FORTH, PROLOG. LISP. ASSEMBLERS (68000, 
__8080 etc), .MACRO or other relevant languages. 
If you haw suitable experience and wish to make 
a career move,- please write giving full details 
(listing your telephone number- daytime 
preferably) or phone foran Application Form . 
AMES PBSOHfflL, 4A HRXHKDS ROAD, 
RBBHE, SURREY RHZQAR ~ 

TBEFMaE: R86ATE(B7372) 2201 . 

- Our services are free to all applicants. - 


London. July 16-18 (01-608 
1161) 

Acorn User Exhibition, 
Barbican, London EC2, July 
24-27(01-3494667) 

Personal Computer World 
Show, Olympia, London, 
September 3-7 (01-487 

Visit 86 Recruitment Fair, 
Intercontinetal Hotel, Hyde 
Park, London, September 
5-6(01-8407117) 

Co mm odore Show, UMIST, 
Manchester, September 12-14 
(061-4568835) 

Electron & BBC Micro 
Stow, UMIST. Manchester. 


Training, Kensington Town 
Hall. London. September 
30-October 2 (01 -727 1929) 
IBM System User Show, 
Olympia 2, London. October 1- 
3(01-6081161) 

Compec, Olympia, London, 
November 11-14 (01-821 5555) 

Overseas Events 
Comdex Australia, RAS 
Showground, Sydney, 
September 2-5 (01 -930 
9740) 

EuroDac86, 

Intercontinental Hotel, 
Fontenay, Hamburg, West 
Germany. September 23-25 
(01-403 1473) 

Artificial intelligence and 
Parallel Computers, 
Wiesbaden Penta Hotel. 

West Germ&y. September 23- 


New software osed to a recent 
maritime exercise off the south 
coast of England could play a 
key role in the fight against 
pollution. Scoop (Sricon Con- 
trol Of Ofl Pollution) simu- 
lates and predicts the 
movement of an oQ slick under 
real environmental conditions, 
including the rate at which the 
stick will spread, both in open 
sea and coastal areas. 

The influences of the wind 
and the tide, and the spreading 
qualities of the particnlar oil, 
are taken into account, much 
of this data being drawn from 
date banks of information on 
tidal flows around the UK 
coastline and of the character- 
istics of the different oils. 

Scoop can also work oat the 
cost of the various ways of 
dealing with oil spills so that 
the economics of different 
combat strategies can be 
readily compared. 

Calculating the movement 
of a slick involves highly 
complex equations and has 
hitherto been carried out man- 
ually. The new software 
speeds the process dramatical- 
ly and provides East, accurate 
forecasting which — in addi- 
tion to providing earlier 
l warnings to emergency organi- 
zations — enables contingency 
resources such as dispersant- 
spraying vessels and aircraft 
to be used more effectively. 

Scoop has been developed 
for the Marine Pollution Con- 
trol Unit of the Department of 
Transport and was successful- 
ly used for the first time in 
"Manchex 86**, a Joint Anglo- 
French exercise carried oat 
last week to test the two 
conn tries' marine contingency 
organizations which deal with 
oil slicks and other emergen- 
cies in the English Channel. 

Manchex 86 envisaged a 
collision between a coaster and 
a loaded tanker in the Dover 
Strait, in which the coaster 
had omt, setting adrift its 
crew, and the tanker had 
raptured and released a sub- 
stantial amount of erode oiL 


By Geof Wheelwright 
Apricot's decision last week to abandon 
its long-standing policy of not producing 
computers compatible with IBM’s ma- 
chines could sound the death-knell for 
innovation in British-designed PCs. 

The move — which puts the company 
firmly into the IBM PC AT camp 
(although with enough additional fea- 
tures and extra power that itcompares 
favourably with the IBM offering) — 
comes after a series of setbacks to its 
original non-IBM strategy. In its day the 
company's original Apricot PC was 
considered a triumph of design and won 
a large number of awards for both its 
looks and performance. 

Despite putting up a good fight against 


At that time, however, its Apricot XI from growing sales in the US and UK of 


IBM, the machine and the company 
which produced it started to find life 


which produced it started to find life 
more difficult when the cheaper FI series 
of Apricot PC-compatible micros were 
unveiled in 1984. The FI machines and a 
portable computer launched at the same 
time were a disappointment for Apricot 
and poor sales forced the company to 
abandon the machines last year. . . 


machine wasstiH selling well and its new 
and more powerful XEN computer was 
being enthusiastically received. 

While the original partially IBM 
PC/AT-compatible XEN will still be a 
part of the company’s product line, the 
major focus of Apricot's efforts will be on 
its new Xen-i PC/AT-compatible com- 
puter. Although this machine does not 
look like the IBM machine physically 
and incorporates a number of design 
innovations, it does not need to use the 
unique computer software required by 
the old Apricot PCs (nor can the 
standard Xen-i run that software). 

Apricot says this is all part of a now- 
line firmly to^die higher end^oMhe 
market" and says it has now “gotten 
away from the low margin area” where 
smaller firms are selling cheap knock- 
offs of the bask: IBM PC. 

“In recent weeks there has been 
increasing pressure on prices in the 
commodity PC market, mainly resulting 


IBM “cloned manufactured in the Far 
East", the company said in a report 
“The company's strategy of moving to 
the higher end of the market should *». 
protect its margins to a substantial extent * 
m the future.” 


While this change in strategy may well 
signal a brighter future for Apricot ft 
also is the end of an era for British PC de- 
signers. With Amstrad looking like its 
next computer will be an IBM-type 
machine and Sinclair Research firmly 
out of the race for the production of 


business PCs. there is no one likely to 
mm** forward to take on the mantle of 


come forward to take on the man 
British PC design innovator. 


This is probably good news for 
computer buyers, as it means that almost 
all new business computers are likely to 
have a ccess to the vast range of software 
written for the IBM PC design. But 
surely someone, somewhere, will be 
sheddingjust a small tear for the death of 
Britain’s own attempts to beat the IBM 
standard with something superior. 


ICL moves to a brave new world 


By Richard Sarson 
Alan Rouseil. managing di- 
rector of JCL UK, startled 
delegates at a conference of 
ICL customers in May by 
declaring himself “fed up with 
misleading propaganda and 
half-truths used by IBM UK. 
to convince people it makes a 
positive Contribution tothe 
UK economy”. The assem- 
bled users greeted this with 
cheers. 


When Tony Cleaver, chief : ' 
executive of IBM UK called 
these comments “grossly inac- * * . 
curate and misleading" and • 
demanded a public retraction, t - < 
Mr Rou sell stuck to his guns. 


He daimed that reputable 



market analysts and IBM's 
own annual report indicated - /= ’■ 
that IBM UK had a £200 
million trade unbalance in 3’ij 
1985. • . Wjffl 


'mm 

fer 

ixmtf- 


Information on the incident 
was relayed to the Scoop 
computer at MBClTs head- 
quarters in London, which 
produced forecast charts and 
tables that were sent by fac- 
simile equipment to coast- 
guard comman d posts in 
Dover and Cherbourg. 


This curious outburst sig- 
nals what ICL is calling an 
aggressive new mood. It is 
hoping to move out of the 
ghetto of its own brand of 
operating systems, where it 
built up its existing customers, 
and expand by using more 
“portable” operating systems, 
which allow customers to take 
jobs written for one brand of 
computer and run them on 
another. 



Alan Rouseil: "Software industry is with us’ 


run IBM PC programs like 
Lotus 1-2-3. 


Mr Rouseil believes that 
the adoption of industry stan- 
dards by ICL could mean that 
“for the first time the software 
industry is with us”. 


The Department of 
Transport’s contract-spraying 
and remote-sensing aircraft 
were nsed together with dis- 
persant-spraying tugs from 
the Dover Harbonr Board. 
France used a naval patrol 
vessel, an anti-pollution vessel i 
and an observation aircraft, j 
The results of the exercise wflJ j 
take some months to assess in 
detail, hot officials expressed 
satisfaction at the speed with 
which - the information was 
produced and disseminated 
and tiie appropriate pollution 
counter-measures taken. 


A recent computer from 
ICL, called the Can, runs on 
the portable Unix operating 
system, which is finally be- 
coming something of an in- 
dustry standard. Two months 
ago it announced that its DRS 
range of small machines will 


One software bouse which 
used to refer to ICL as a jelly 
fish, now concedes that it is 
more like a dolphin, “slippery, 
but basically intelligent ami 
friendly” One product that 
takes the fight right into the 
competitors’ camp is 
Tradanet, a network service 


for passing orders and in- 
voices between companies 
with incompatible computers. 
Ninety per cent of Tradanet 
customers do not have ICL 
machines — 70 per cent of 
them are IBM. So ter the 
service is only available m the 
UK. but in May a group of 
deep-sea shippers, freight for- 
warders and carriers, includ- 
ing Ford, Glaxo, and 
Guinness, announced a pilot 
scheme to use the network for 


passing shipping documenta- 
tion electronically rather than 


lion electronically rather than 
by paper. 


With IBM clearly winning 
the battle for the sale of 
mainframes, especially out- 
side the UK where ICL has 
consistently had little success, 
ICL is managing to sell in new 
markets: A laser, scanner for 
supermarkets has won it two 
of Europe's biggest names in 
retailing, Euromarche in 
France and Renasceme in 
Italy. 

It has lifted its US sales by 
40 per cent in one year, so that 
unlike most British computer 
companies, it now 1 makes a 
profit in the US market. Tomo 
RazmHovic, the Yugoslav- * 
bom head of ICL Internation- ■ 
al, claims that through links 
with local software houses, 
ICL has now grabbed 60 per 
cent of the Swedish financial 
services market and 35 per 
cent of the French videotex! 
markeL 

ICL has also sold 200 of its 
Unix-based system, the Clan, 
overseas in its first year. And 
for the first time since the late 
1970s. more than SO per cent 
of all ICL’s production of 
minis and micros are now 
going abroad. 

ICL has often been accused 
of suffering from the British 
complaint of inventing inno- i 
vative products and then not f 
exploiting them. 

If ICL is to compete effec- 
tively with IBM and the other 
US computer manufacturers it 
will have to be faster on its 
feet And. now it is leaving its 
private world, it will have to 
be more outward-looking and 
responsive to the real world. 


K 

Al iiar-..- 


4S " 


: \iis5; iv'Sv T -- ; 


ioiliPiH ! • ’ 


How to keep the talent at home 


By Geof Wheelwright 


a Scoop is also being nsed by 
oil companies in Europe and 
North America to predict and 
control spillages on oil ries. 


The new software has con- 
siderable potential as a train- 
ing aid and for contingency 
planning generally. The tech- 
niques it embodies can be 
equally applied to pollution on 
land and in the air, says its 
developers, Sdcon, of Mil too 
Keynes. 


They are already being nsed 
to model the dispersion behav- 
iour of hazardous chemicals 
and gases. Other areas of 
atmospheric pollution are be- 
ing teckled. 


A version for nse on an IBM 
PC is planned to make it 
economical for a wide spec- 
trum of organizations with 
ecological responsibilities. 


US high-technology compa- 
nies are reconsidering the 
brain drain tactics which have 
seen Silicon Valley firms 
cream off many of the world’s 
top researchers and transplant 
them across the Atlantic. 

As these often young com- 
panies reconsider their cen- 
tralized US-based research 
and development strategies, 
they are being shown the way 
by older high-tech companies 
such as Hewlett-Packard and 
Honeywell. The idea is that 
research divisions outside the 
US can provide a global 
perspective on design and 
development problems and 
stand a better chance of 
attracting talent than if re- 
searchers are forced to move 
to the US. 

In the UK. Hewlett- 
Packard's Bristol Research 
Centre provides a graphic 
example of just how well this 
philosophy can work. Opened 
less than 12 months ago. the 
huge West Country labs, spe- 
cialize in developing 
networking and artificial intel- 
ligence software in three lab- 
oratories (one of which is 
completed and two of which 


are being developed) employ- 
ing 170 professionals. 

The centre's director Don 
Hammond says the UK base 
for operations provides the 
company with ter more Euro- 
pean talent than if it had tried 
to entice people back to the 
US and acts as something of a 
magnet for graduates. “Coun- 
tries invest heavily in research 
and education and it’s frus- 
trating to them when that 
research talent then goes 
overseas,” he said. “That's a 
significant loss.” 

A similar lack has been 
taken by Honeywell in Italy, 
which has its entire computer 
printer and manufacturing fa- 
cility based there. The 


Honeywell Italia printer re- 
search centre employs more 
than 100 people and manufac- 
turing of the products which 
result from that research also 
lakes place in Italy. 

In both cases, the fact that 
each firm has a European 
research and manufacturing 
base gives them a perspective 
on European standards (par- 
ticularly important in the 
computer networking and 
communications business) 
that would be unavailable to 
those who cloister themselves 
in the Californian sunshine. 

Unlike manufacturing facil- 
ities. which are often subject 
to the vagaries of the labour 
.market and the short-term 


New ad air for Music Box 


Do not think that new forms of 
television such as video cas- 
settes and cable programmes 
mean you can escape die 
tyranny of advertisements. 
Even Musk Box, the 24-bovr- 
a-day TV service delivered by 
satellite throughout Europe is 
featuring commercials, despite 
differences in advertising reg- 
ulations among receiving 
countries. 


Logica has solved that prob- 
lem by supplying more than 
200 advertisement control 
units (DCUs), worth £145,000 
to Musk Box. From August. 
Musk Box will sell air time to 
companies In more than 12 
countries. 

. The A DCUs wifi . 
allow Music Box to adjust 
advertisement requirements 
for different countries. 


requirements of supply and 
demand for products, research 
labs are established with a 
much longer-term view. Com- 
panies need to run them for 
between three and five years 
before they really start to pay 
their way — and even then 
their biggest asset will not be 
the site or the buildings, but 
the expertise which has been 
built up on the research staff 
UK companies have tried to 
emulate this philosophy in 
their establishment of “re- 
search parks” where contract 
work can supplement the kind 
of pure research which bears 
the fruit of real innovation. 
One of the more recent efforts 
in this direction was Sinclair 
Research's Cambridge 
Metalab. which unfortunately 
fell victim to the big slump in 
the home computer market 
which funded iL 
Sir Give Sinclair, who 
founded the Metalab, frit at 
the time that his company 
needed a theoretical research 
group unbounded by the pres- 
sure to demonstrate a product 
which, would flow- from the 
research,, but his home com- 
puter company eventually did 
not have the wherewithal to 
pull this off ' 


S:EC 0 V 





Wrigh: 

1 

i - * 



©If n 


5F CM?p: 



Extel You have never needed timely information 

Computing in the City more urgently than now. 

With competition sharpening every minute decisions have to be based on accurate 
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si §n 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 


COMPUTER HORIZONS, 2 


OSIi 


Stephan Johnson 


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v By Martin Banks 

The pressure is now on io get 
. Open Systems Intercdnnec- 
‘ lion (OS!) standards built into 
as many computer products as 
. possible. . The pressure, , ac- 
cording to_ computer manufac- 
turers. . is coming from 
• customers and they are happy 
_ the pressure is there. 

OSI is a sweeping range of 
standards that govern the way 
in which computers commu- 
nicate with each other. They 
range from the small — the 
actual signal levels and types 
■=■ io the- large — the way in 
which computer programs are 
written. 

- The object is to create a 
situation where, in theory at 
least, a computer of one make 
-can communicate effectively 
with another of an entirely 
different type. 

It is a situation that many 
customers are seeking, espe- 
cially large corporations or 
organizations lhat have built 
.up data processing operations 
based on a range of different 
computer systems. 

At a recent seminar oq the 




current state of play, represen- 
tatives of I CL, Digital Equip- 
ment, Hewlett-Packard and 
Honeywell all appeared to say 
the same thing — OSI is alive, 
kicking and growing in the 
right direction. 

They all agreed that the first 
real OSI-oriemed products 
should stan appearing next 
year. These are likely to allow 
electronic mail and file trans- 
fers between computers of 
different types. But they also 
agreed that the majority of 
products and applications will 
not be commonplace until the 
middle of the next decade. 

h is the difference between 
the systems, as represented by 
the companies at the seminar, 
that highlight the problems of 
communication. Different us- 
ers need to communicate with 


m 



• For the first time several UK computer manufacturers joined 
forces to show interworking w a demonstration supported by the 
Department of Trade and Industry. EnrOSlnet, at-lmperial 
College, London, was set up to show the present “state-of-the- 
art” of. ioterworiung. John Batcher; above right, industry 
minister, with Geoff Shingles, managing director of DEC, left, 
and David Baldwin, managing director of Hewlett-Packard, 
said the demo nstration was as important to computers as was 
the first STD call to telephones; 

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1986 



each other but have already 
made their investment in 
systems, aod not all will have 
bought the same thing. They 
face the problem of communi- 
cating across these differences 
while protecting the invest- 
ments already made. 

By the same token, many of 
the manufacturers see OSI as 
an advantage to them. It will 
eventually allow communica- 
tions across environments, so 
users will no longer be restrict- 
ed to make a choice of one 
supplier for all their computer 
systems requirements. 

By giving the users a freer 
choice die manufacturers con- 
tend they will have a much 
bigger marketplace to aim 
aLEquafly, some will lose 
customers previously tied to 
their brand. 


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Removing proprietary bar- 
riers to communications be- 
tween systems means that 
there will soon be just two 
standards fiom which users 
will choose. OSI and IBM's 
own effective standard, estab- 
lished by its dominance in the 
market. Systems Network Ar- 
chitecture (SNA). 

Even IBM is now having to 
acknowledge the potential of 
OSI by starting to support it as 
a communications environ- 
ment for IBM computers. 

There is, however, much 
real work still to be done to get 
OSI beyond the paper specifi- 
cation stage and meet the 
pressure from customers. 
Common applications struc- 
tures must be developed and 
connections between OSI and 
SNA. 


! Manufacturers on both sides of the 
Atlantic were the focus of attention last 
week as computer and automation 
experts tri&Tzo draw their attention to 
technologies that are fundamental to 
their industries’ survival On both sides 
of the ocean the growing .dominance of 
the Japanese in manufacturing is dis- 
turbing but their success Western manu- 
facturers attribute largely to high 
precision automation. 

The Western manufacturers have been 
making strides towards top grade auto- 
mation on a par with the Pacific Basin 
but ignorance and a fear of long-term 
investment is at the heart of their 
inhibitions. 

In Britain last week the spotlight was 
turned on the UK factories in a 
comprehensive study by the Policy 
Studies Institute. The UK manufacturers 
have made substantial progress in incor- 
porating microchips into their products . 
and production processes. Two-aod-a- 
half times as many such products and 
processes now use the versatility of 
microelectronics than was the case four 
years ago. 

The bad news was dual-edged. First, 
more than 80,000 jobs have been 
jettisoned by these manufacturing 
groups in the list two years — three times 
as many as in the previous two-year 
period. The companies' shortage of key 
personnel and poor track record in 
training prevented many of them from 
capitalizing on the market opportunities 
for new products and skills. 

The PSI report was emphatic about the 
way forward. Its conclusions underwrote 
the cries which have been made in recent 
years by the TUC, NEDO, the House of 
Lords and many experts who have 
studied the shortage of key skills in the 


UK. PSI recommended: “The construc- 
tive way forward: stepping up training 
and retraining so as to end damaging 
skill shortages and at the same time help 
ensure that losses in old jobs are offset by 
gains in new ones.” 

The study predictably highlighted that 
the British-owned companies had the 
worse track record and clearly showed 
lhat UK management is at fault The PSI 
survey concluded: “The overseatowned 
factories in Britain are using microelec- 
tronics more than British-owned ones. 
Complex, advanced kinds of applica- 
tions are still rare. . .the most widespread 
obstacle, regarded as a very important 


THE WEEK 


Bill Johnstone 

Technology Correspondent 

difficulty by nearly half the user fac- 
tories, is Jack of specialist technical 
expertise." 

In Chicago last week the management 
consultants Arthur Andersen tried to 
answer both questions — scarce technol- 
ogy and the personnel to harness h. 
While the British pillory themselves for 
their reluctance to embrace technology 
many US companies have been suffering 
from the same problem. Arthur Ander- 
sen brought together 13 automation 
companies to build a $1 1 million mini 
factory to show to a reticent US 
manufacturing industry what can be 
achieved by using off-the-shelf products 
with good computer systems expertise. 

The Chicago example of what is 
termed Computer Integrated Manufac- 
turing (CIM) — deemed to be the most 


practical sample ever staged - is not a 
blueprint for an automated factory. It 
shows what can be done if management 
is committed to using computers and 
automation on the shop floor but above 
all if they are property informed. 

Jim Bums, head of Arthur Andersen s 
manufacturing consulting and_ integra- 
tion team which set up the project, says 
much blame can be attributed to 
management That would apply to both 
sides of the Atlantic. He says: “To 
compete in an international marketplace 
the manufacturing industry needs to lake 
the significant strides made in computer 
technology and apply them to 
production.” 

A short distance from Chicago Arthur 
Andersen is addressing the other ques- 
tion — how to keep training a workforce 
when demands are changing those of the 
technology and the marketplace. The 
automated factory highlights the de- 
mand for those skills. They are principal- 
ly Computer Aided Design (CAD), 
Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM), 
computer technology, robotics, automat- 
ed material handling and control 
software. 

The Arthur Andersen answer to the 
training question is the same as those 
who have studied skills shortages in the 
UK — more investment. The workforce 
in question is Arthur Andersen’s. In 
small town St Charles, built on the site of 
what was once a Dominican Liberal Arts 
College, a $85 million investment by the 
end of the decade will create a college 
capable of 60,000 days of training a year. 

Today, artificial intelligence (AI) 
courses are attracting the major interest 
It is no coincidence that Al will be the 
primary tool in the automated factory of 
tomorrow. 


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28 


A SPECIAL REPORT ON 
WEST GERMANY 



July 1, 1986 





i is . * '■ *!■■; * 


President Richard von 
Weizsacker. who begins a stale 
visit to Britain this week, is 
surely what heads of state 
should be in the eyes of their 
people, but what — given the 
random way in which states 
get their heads — they so often 
are noL He is an idealized 
version of how his country's 
citizens see their own. or their 
countrymen's, best qualities. 

President von Weizsacker is 
elegant, urbane, devout and 
scholarly, as well as stern, but 
jusL His humour is understat- 
ed. His bearing has a touch of 
melancholy and even tragedy 
— only proper in the represen- 
tative of a people witb such a 
past He is popular with the 
young, without pandering to 
them, as is the case with so 
many of the elderly who 
achieve such popularity. 

His hair is while, his fea- 
tures noble. Of course, most 
West Germans know that they 
are not at all like that them- 
selves. any more than any 
other people are 'really like 
-their national ideal. West 

- Wail i . . ....... . Germany's menfolk, and its 

*Htgh hopes! The President was presented with % ball signed women, much more resemble 
erp> the national soccer team on his 65th birthday^Jast year u»e altogether less spiritual 




Herr Helmut Kohl: amiable, 
often rather large, well-mean- 
ing. worried about non-con- 
formity in their midst, 
impatient with too much 
brooding on the German past. 

While heads of government 
come and go. heads of state 
are supposed to embody cer- 
tain eternal qualities about a 
country'. In a state which was 
founded only in 1949, this is 
not easy. 

What are the eternal quali- 
ties of the German Federal 
Republic? In the eyes of the 
rest of the world, they proba- 
bly include eternal prosperity, 
political stability, a deference 
in politics, forced on West 
Germans bv the past, to the 
opinions of other countries, 
and a vast number of boister- 
ous, although non-violent, 
tourists thronging the Medi- 
terranean throughout the 
summer. 

The West Germans see 
themselves in .this -way too. 
But it is not the whole’story. 
They also see themselves as ’a 
tragically divided nation, or 
think they should. Most ac- 
cept that they are divided by 
the crimes of former leaders 



Richard von Weizsacker, 
an outstanding President 
of the Federal Republic, 
begins a three-day state 
visit to Britain today 


and led, and that they have 
liule hope of being united 
again in the lifetime of most 
Germans now living. But that 
does not lessen the tragedy. In 
a way, it deepens it. 

Naturally, the West Ger- 
mans do noi spend much time 
brooding about this subject. It 
is probably unlikely that they 
would endanger their standard 
of living to bring about reuni- 
fication. even if they had the 
chance. But Herr von 
Weizsacker broods about it for 
them. 

- Of the Federal Republic's 
presidents so far, he is the one 
most identified with the idea 
that all Germans constitute a 
German nation. When he was 
governing Mayor of West 
Berlin in the early 1980s. he 
broke with protocol by visit- 
ing in East Berlin the East 


German leader, Herr Erich 
Honecker. This annoyed the 
British. Americans and 
French, who thought it would 
complicate ihe ci ty's legal 
position. 

The idea of a single German 
nation understandably wor- 
ries the rest of us, as well as 
providing the Soviet Union 
with a useful spectre with 
which to fnghten the rest of 
Eastern Europe and its own 
population. But in the hands 
of Herr von Weizsacker, the 
idea is used delicately. 

"The German question re- 
mains open," his antithesis. 
Hen- Kohl, genially observes 
every now and then, and no 
one knows what he means. It 
is assumed that he is Just 
shoring up that portion of the 
Christian Democrat (CDU) 
vote which might desert the 


party because the CDU has 
continued in government the 
Ostpolit/k which it opposed 
when it was introduced by the 
Social Democrats {SPD). 

The CDU's defence is that 
OstpoUtik is safe when con- 
ducted by a party firmly 
rooted in Nato, .but the real 
reason is that Osipoltiik — 
because it has led to more 
family visits by people living 
in the East — has pleased more 
voters than it has upset 

Herr von Weizsacker soft- 
ens the harsh sound of "Ger- 
man unity** by making it 
primarily mean, for the fore- 
seeable ftmire, cultural rather 
than political unity. The Ger- 
man nation is a cultural body 
which, for the indefinite fu- 
ture, has been divided into 
two states. There is nothing 
here to justify either the Soviet 
charge that talk of German 
unity amounts to 
“revanchism** or the more 
unofficially expressed Anglo- 
American charge that it 
amounts to "neutralism**. 

In Herr von Weizsjfcker’s 

pronouncements on unity, _ r 

gathered into his book. Die case of one jovial, easy-going 
Deutsche Geschichtegeht Wei- politician obliging another. 


distribution in- schools/ A 
Hamburg company issued it 
in ihe form or a disc and a 
cassette, simply entitled Die 
Rede. Herr von Weizsdcker's 
oration had come only a few 
weeks after the macabre buf- 
fooneries attendant upon 
President Reagan's wreath- 
laying at the German Second 
World War cemetery at 
Bitburg. 

Herr Kohl had been hurt 
that so staunch a democracy 
and Nato member as West 
Germany had been left out of 
the D-day celebrations in Nor- 
mandy that year, as rf today’s 
Federal Republic were a con- 
tinuation of the old Germany. 
Partly in recompense. Presi- 
dent Mitterrand had staged a 
ceremony of Franco-German 
reconciliation, standing hand 
in hand with Herr Kohl at 
Verdun. 

Herr Kohl wanted a similar 
ceremony with President Rea- 
gan - if not a hand-holding, 
then at least a wreath-laying. 
President Reagan 1 was' pre- 
pared to lay the wreath, and a 
cemetery was selected. It wasa 



Scratch 

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High Chem 


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British industrial success to find Hoechst at 
work. 

As one of the largest German investors in 
die UK we supply not only raw mat erials to 
industry but also the knowledge and 
techniques which help to make tomorrow’s 
progress possible. 

To this end we employ almost 7,000 people 
in the country and commit over £3 millio n 
annually to pharmaceutical research and 
development at Milton Keynes, just one of 
our 2G centres in Great Britain. 

All as part of our worldwide philosophy of 
Hoechst High Chem, devoted to harnessing 
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North Sea Oil, communications and 
electronics, building, engineering and 
tex ti l e s. 

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the surface. 

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ter {Germany History goes 
Further), political unity 
emerges as an ideal to await 
the gradual dedine of tension 
in Europe. None the less, the 
reader is left with a feeling that 
it is best if only a von 
Weizsacker — rather than the 
conventional West German 
politician of CDU or SPD — 
discusses the fraught subject. 

One of the reasons Herr von 
Weizsacker gives for his asso- 
ciation with the unity theme is 
his roots in more than one 
region. He has been mayor of 
West Berlin, but comes from 
Baden-Wurttemberg in the 
south. ... 

Whatever feme he had 
achieved in his country, he did 
not impinge on the world's 
consciousness until May 8. 

1 985. when he was 65 and had 
been president a year. On that 
date, be delivered a speech to 
the Bundestag (Federal Parlia- 
ment in Bonn) on the 40ih 
anniversary of the end of the 
Second World War in Europe. 

The world, if it was expect- 
ing .anything of the occaaon.- 
probably expected* platitudes ; 
— the Nazi period having been 
40 years ago, most Gomans 
being either unboni or too 
young to remember it, and 
West Germany now bang a- 
pfllar of Nato. 

Instead, as well, as being an 
orthodox statement of faith in 
the new Germany, the speech 
was a restatement of Goman 
guilt for the Nazi period and a 
call to repentance. 

Especially unsparing of his 
countrymen was a passage in 
which their president made it 
dear that they had known of 
the Jews’ fete. He asked who 
could have remained unsus- 
pecting. Those who had their 
eyes and ears open, he said, 
those who wanted to inform 
themselves, could not have 
failed to see that the deporta- 
tion trains were rolling. - 
The Israeli ambasrador to 
Bonn said die speech was a 
"moment of glory”. A govern- 
ment information agency 
printed 250.000 copies for 


A West German- liberal 
newspaper referred, tellingly, 

Reagan gaffe 
that pleased 
the nation 


to too much "recondliation 
chic”. There was no telling 
what atrocities bad been com- 
mitted by those soldiers lying 
in Bitburg. American report- 
ers, among others, offered 
many suggestions, and some 
evidence. Uproar grew in the 
United States. Herr Kohl bad 
embarrassed President 
Reagan. - 

Then President Reagan em- 
barrassed himself. A foolish 
speech-writer put into his 
mouth the notion that the 
soldiers in Bitburg were as 
mudi die victims of Nazism 
as anyone else. This denial sf 
the individual's responsibility 
for his own actions was espe- 
cially odd in a politician who 
wa£^upposedt&be a conser- 
vative, and suggested ah im- 
perfect. grasp of his own 
philosophy. - 

But Herr Kohl and most 
West Germans, were well 
satisfied. It was by blurring the 
distinction between victim 
and perpetrator that the 
"typical" West German had 
long come to terms with 
Nazism: everyone was a 
victim. ' 

Then came their president’s 
speech to remind them what, 
in their hearts, they surely 
knew afl along: There » some 
evidence that Herr Kohl, and 
his circle, were annoyed by the 
speech. Bitburg. and President 
Reagan's talk of victims, bad 
been a triumph for them. Now 
these tortured reflections by 
the head of state were compli- 
cating the problem once -more. 
However, a year later, most 
Germans would prefer to 
identify themselves with -the 
speech. 

Frank Johnson 


A private in an 
elite regiment 


Freiherr (Baron) von 
Weizsacker was born in a 
family castle in Stuttgart on 
April 15, 1920. into a line of 
diplomats, politicians, theolo- 
gians, jurists and scientists. 

His older brother. Carl 
Friedrich, now 74, is a theoret- 
ical physicist and is identified 
with the Social Democrats 
(SPD). Their father was a 
diplomat. 

Within a year of his birth, 
Richard was off on the wan- 
dering life of the diplomat's 
chili Switzerland. Denmark, 
Norway, sometimes Berlin. 
Later. Richard bad terms at 
Oxford, where be developed 
his English, and at Grenoble, 
i* he die 



where he did the same for his 
French. 

Eventually, . his father 
served at the German embassy 
in London under the ambassa- 
dor, von Ribbentrop, and in 
1 938 became the equivalent of 
permanent secretary of die 
Foreign Office in Bolin. 

Richard was 18 when the 
Second World War began. He 
was called up as a private in 
the Potsdam- Light Infantry. 
This is customarily described 
as an “elite" regiment, con- 
taining the sons of many 
aristocratic and distinguished 
families. Many of its members 
took part in the July 1944 plot 
against Hiller, after which the . 
regiment was effectively 
disbanded. 

Richard's brother, 
Heinrich, was in the same 
battalion. The two brothers 
went into the same action 
together.. In Richard's sight. 
Heinrich climbed an 
enbankmem, received a bullet 
through the throat, and died. 

It was still the first day of the 
war. Richard stayed with the 

■Kcvlv ihmtmli ilia.w!^.» r ... 


Herr von Weizsacker served 
in the east throughout the war. 
After the German invasion of 
Russia, he became a company 
commander, .and then regi- 
mental adjutant Although the 
excuse is available to him that 
he was always a front-line 
soldier, he does hot' deny that 
he and his friends knew that 
atrocities and deportations 

- were taking place behind the 
lines. At first they, did .not 
know the extent 

Eventually, .that was discov- 
ered during leave in Berlin by 
one of his circle. Herr Axel 
von dem Bussche, the officer 
who carried , out one of the 
earliest attempts on Hitler’s 
life. 

Herr von Weizsacker was 
wounded three times, the last 
time in April 1945, as the war 
was ending. He was evacuated 
to a hospital in southern 
Germany. Oif discharge.' he 

- put oh civilian clothes and 
gave himself up to the French, 
who. because he was not in 
uniform, did not. imam him. 

When some sort of order 
had reasserted itself after the 
German collapse, he studied 
law and history at Gottingen. 
Then his father. Ernst, was 

arraigned at-Nuremberg in the . 
“Wilhelmstrasse trial", the 
proceedings against German 
diplomats for allegedly help- 
ing to bring about the war. 

Richard, although not yet 
qualified as a lawyer, helped to 
prepare the defence. He does 
not depict his father as having 
been a determined opponent 
of Hiller or the war. He has 
Painful admission 
that lus father was honest, but 
not strong. Bui he did not 


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The next elec- 
tion 'lo the 
Bundestag or 
Federal Parlia- 
ment _tn Bonn 
will .take place 
in one ballot 
, : on Sunday, January 25, 1987. 
^TTie government trying to be ' 
Vie-elected. is a coalition - the 

/majority. of whose members ‘ 
■Qwe.allegiance to what must 
■s be one of the most successful, 

. but most unsung, causes of the 
.post-war world — Christian 
/Democracy. ... 

-/ JMo governments anywhere 
since the war ha ve been mote 
successful than the West Ger- 
■.mah governments led by, or 
' containing, the CDU since the 
Fedetal Republic was set tip in 
.1949 if, successful govern- 
ment means government pre- 
siding pver prosperity. 

. A recent opinion poll 
showed that a majority' be- 
lieved .'the .government was 
responsible for the prosperity, 
bin still intended to vote for 
the opposition Social Demo- 
crats {SPD). A commentate 
on the poll speculated that this 
..was because voters now. be- 
lieve they do not live by bread 
alone. They were more con- 
cerned about such things as 
the environment. 

*" This was not entirely borne 
out by the result of the recent 
Land election in Lower Saxo- 
ny — the last good test of real 
voters before the general elec- 
tion. The CDU lost its overall 
majority in the state, and was 
'forced into a coalition with the 
liberal Free Democrats(FDP). 
But the Green's vote remained 
unchanged at seven per cent. 


even alter Chernobyl had led 
u to weeks of apparent West 
• German torment about 
..whether the country's own 
-nuclear power industry was 

If the. present federal: gov- 
ernment loses in January, it 
will , be * a • rajre case of 
“prosperity” notbeingenough 
to get agoverameni re-elected. 

For a decade, various au- 
thorities have been saying that 
the West German economic 
miracle' -was ending or had 
.ended. Thus the most 
“Keynesian” of the country’s 
famous five economic insti- 
tutes, the Gentian Institute for 
Economip Research (DIW), 
solemnly warned ! last week 
jthat West German growth 


next year would be 15 per 
cent, instead of the 3 per cent 
or more expected for 1986. It 
urged upon the . unreceptive 
finance . minister, .Herr. 
Gerhard Stoltenberg, more 
expansion. 

- The reason this advice will 
not be taken — or at least not 
to-an extent which would ever 
satisfy the institute — is infla- 
tion. West Germans such as 
Herr Stoltenberg equate 
“expansion” • with 
unacceptably high inflation. 

Herr Helmut Kohl, the 
Chancellor, was originally a 
provincial politician- (Prime 
Minister of the Rhineland 
Palatinate, 1969-1976), and 
his opponents say be always 
will be. He ismuch derided for 
his alleged lack of the cosmo- 
politan graces. Of the -com- 
plaint that - he speaks no 
English or French, he recently 
said: “I was not- elected as an 
interpreter.” He has also said 
that he does not regard pro- 
vinciality as a reproach. 

There is not much doubt 
that the country be does 
understand is West Germany. 
In particular, he has mastered 
the inner workings of the 
CDU. 

This mastery meant that 
Herr Kohl was in a position to 
become Chancellor in Octo- 
ber. 1982, because he was 
CDU Chancellor candidate 
when the liberal Free Demo- 
crats in the Bundestag 
switched from the Social 
Democrats to the CDU and 
brought down Herr Helmut 
Schmidt Herr Franz Josef 
Strauss bad been Chancellor 
candidate two years before 
and had been overwhelmed by 





Politicians and .conflict: Christian Democrat KohL left, Social Democrat Ran, and, below, 
peace campaigners and Greens blocking a U-S. army lase near Nnresnlerg 


■ » . - ’ - -yJ 

, . - • : mi » 3 


^ < - 


Herr Schmidt The Kohl gov- 
ernment was confirmed in 
office at a general election in 
1983. 

Herr Kohl will be opposed 
in January by another provin- 
cial politician. Herr Johannes 
Rau, aged 55, the Prime 
Minister of the largest Land , 
North Rhine-Westphalia, and. 
the son of a Protestant preach- 
er. Only a few points tend to 
separate them in the opinion 
polls — sometimes Herr Rau is 
ahead, sometimes Herr KohL 
More ominously for Herr 
Rau, in the party rating, the 
CDU is usually the vital two 


•••' ? V:-« 





1(1 *S **• X*. •*' <6 ft* ■ 

...Si-— . • • • 7..1 .. U 


or three points ahead of the 
SPD. 

The men's contest is be- 
tween two forms of German 
provinciality, Herr Kohl's is 
that of the gemtolich small 
towns among the woods and 
hills of the southern Rhine- 
land Herr Rau's is of the 
industrial towns of the Ruhr, 
such as his native Wuppertal. 
He brings to nearly all prob- 
lems the same bonhomie ; and 
the Social Democrat belief in 
benign government 

Herr Rau’s party rumbles 
with future dissensions about 
how much it should continue 


to be part of the orthodox pro- 
Nato consensus. Herr Rau is 
an orthedox-Nalo man. Win 
or lose in January, the SPD 
will be troubled by those who 
are noL He has one great issue: 
unemployment now 8.5 per 
cent or 2, 121,000. He thinks 
unemployment was why he 
was re-elected in North Rhine- 
Westphalia last year when the 
rate in the Lana was over ten 
per cent and the federal gov- 
ernment was blamed for it 
Against this, Herr Kohl wxD 
pit his inflation figure of better 
than zero. p j 


President who was once a private 


Continued from previous page 
believe that he was a criminal. 

In that view be was support- 
ed by Churchill who thought 
the indictment.au error. Ernst 
harf maintained discreet con- 
tacts with anti-appeasement 
circles when in London in the 
1930s. 

. In 1949 he was sentenced to 
five years' imprisonment. Af- 
ter 18 months he was released 
in a- general amnesty, wrote a 
•slim, self-justificatory mem- 
oir, which probably exaggerat- 
ed his resistance activity, and 


died shortly afterwards. 

Richard went into corporate 
business, holding such , posts 
as head of the economic 
department of the 
Mannessmann steel concern. 
He became a figure m the 
Protestant churches, serving 
as bead of their congress for a 
while. He married his wife, 
Marianne, in 1953. They have 
three sons and a daughter. 

He did not enter politics 
until he was in his late forties. 
He was elected to the Bundes- 
tag in 1969 as a Christian 


Democrat Within five years, 
he was CDU candidate for the 
presidency, but was defeated 
by the Free Democrat (FDip 
Herr Walter ScheeL the candi- 
date of the ruling SPD-FDP 
coalition government 

In 1981 the .CDU thought 
he would make an ideal 
candidate for governing may- 
or of West Berlin, a city 
previously ruled by the SPD. 
They were right His prestige 
in West Germany became 
immense, even though he was 


a party politician. 

In 1984, when the presiden- 
cy next fell vacant and with 
by then a CDU-FDP majority 
in the Bundestag, he seemed 
the inevitable government 
candidate. Herr Kohl is said to 
have had some initial besita-. 
tion, as no one doubted that 
Herr von Weizsacker would 
be a formidable, and occasion- 
ally inconvenient president — 
the office to which he was 
elected on May 23, 1984. 

FJ 


With, its veneer of blandness 
and^coded buzzwords; the 
West German debate on for- 
eign policy often threatens to 
become impenetrable to out- 
siders. Yet opinion is deeply 
divided about the Federal 
Republic's place in the world; 
and the acrimony which inev- 
itably accompanies tiie con- 
stant intrusion of “The past” 
(itself a code word for the Nazi 
era) into electoral and parlia- 
mentary politics is especially 
disturbing-to a nation with. an 
almost neurotic longing for 
harmony. 

- On visits to the developing 
countries, for instance; Presi- 
dent Richard von Weizsacker 
allows himself strong language 

■ in opposition to 'Technocratic 
development aid” designed to 
introduce a cosmopolitan, civ- 
ilization, thereby aligning 
himself with left-wing critics 
of so-called technocratic 
thinking - such - as Erhard 
Eppler, and apparently he has 
not much against revolution 

■ in countries with great dispari- 
ties in' wealth. 

When the Third World 
country in question was Lib- 
ya, however. Heir _ ‘ von 
Wnzsacker chose to -diverge 
from Bonn's line in the oppo- 
site direction, if only slightly. 

While Herr Hans-Dietrich 
Genscher, the foreign minis- 
ter, dissociated himself from 
the American reprisals with- 
out condemning them, and 
Chancellor Helmut Kohl 
showed “understanding” , but 
no more, for the action, Herr 
von Weizsacker was much less 
mealy-mouthed when he visit- 
ed the victims of the disco- 
theque bomb in West Berlin. 

President Reagan's ac- 
tion was, he said, not only 
unavoidable, but right; the 
West Germans had the United 
States to thank for their 
freedom. 

Although Herr von 
Weizsacker often irritates 
German conservatives by in-, 
sisting, for example, on a 
distinction between 1 the; /vic- 
tims of the' Nazis- and those 
.-who died in air raids or battle, 
there is a dose connection 
between his street condemna- 
tions of anti-Semitism and of 
anti-Americanism. 

The latter may be no better 
than the former for Peter 
Glotz, a leading Social Demo- 
cratic politician and publicist, 
but he and those who think 


like him often --seem to be 
defining their- “second 
Ostpoiitilr or"altematiye for- 
eign policy” in opposition to 
the United States. 

More important* perhaps, 
than such .' ideological 
“decoupling? tendencies is the 
pragmatism which Helmut 
Schmidt was jinable to sustain 
in office, but which the free- 
dom of opposition haslet him 
advocate all' the more effec- 
tively in the.'. pages of the 
weekly Die Zeit- 
The -difference between 
Herr Genscher and his sup- 
porter? in the ruling coalition, 
and the constituency repre- 
sented by Die Zeit, is less a 
matter of concrete policies 
than one of tone. It does not 
strike the journal's veteran 
editor. Marion Ddnhoff, as 
condescending to say that^ “the 
Europeans do not understand 
that the Americans basically 
are not interested is foreign 
policy and have no feeling for 
it”. 

The crucial concept is that 
of realism. Herr Schmidt re- 
acted to tire Libyan crisis in a 
matter which many Germans 
of all parties found persuasive: 
“Colonel Ga ddafi is a mis- 

Realism prevails 
in all walks of life 

guided idealist... President 
Reagan is a~moralisL Europe- 
an governments' must be 
realists." 

It is hard to imagine any 
member of the present US 
administration being present- 
ed as kindly in Die Zeit as was 
the East German leader, Erich 
Honecker — “A German Com- 
munist, a German Realist”, 
the headline read — in a rare 
interview in January. 

Herr Honecker’s confidence 
in the “realistically minded 
forces” opposed to the Strate- 
gic Defence Initiative has yet 
to justify itself, for the Federal 
Cgovernment's negotiations 
with Washington, though 
rather protracted and clumsy, 
- have resulted in a deal which 
will regulate research con- 
■ tracts. 

Bonn's relationship with the 
Warsaw Pact powers, which is 
of immense importance to 
both rides, has in recent years 
been made more sensitive by 
' the ability of both Herr 
' Honecker and the Kremlin to 
influence public opinion, and 


hence the always finely-bal- 
anced electoral position, to a 
degree unparalleled elsewhere 
in Western Europe 
However, the refusal of foe 
electorate of Lower Saxony to 
punish the Christian Demo- 
crats (CDU) for the Chernobyl 
disaster by a mass exodus/to 
the neutralist Greens on Juge 
15 may demonstrate that tms 
influence, despite the good 
personal press of both Herr 
Honecker and Mikhail 
Gorbachov in West Germany, 
is waning. -! 

Chernobyl led to.West Ger- 
man claims for compensation 
which provoked sabre-ra tiling 
by Mr Gorbachov; but the 
Soviet Union has since 
moderated its tone, and 
Iswsiia even printed Ambas- 
sador Jorg Kasti's reply, -an 
unprecedented concession. 

The signing in May of the 
cultural agreement with the 
German Democratic Repub- 
lic, about which negotiations 
hart begun in 1973, mil not 
have satisfied those in the 
SPD, for example, who have 
recently proposed dropping 
the clause in the constitution 
which asserts the freedom and 
unity of all Germany. A 

The SPD’s shadow Chancel- 
lor, Johannes Rau, has reject- 
ed such ideas and protested 
his loyalty to the Alliance. His 
predecessor, Hans-Joaehim 
Vogel, has gone on tile offen- 
sive, with next January's elec- 
-tiOrr' in mind, against the 
CDU’s anti-Communist 
Stahlhelm group. Warning 
them for Herr Honecker’s 
fiiilure to visit Bonn hitherto. 

But the latter has far more 
to do with Soviet fears of 
“revanchism”, given a new 
pretext at Whitsun with the 
appearance of Chancellor 
Kohl and Franz Josef Strauss 
at rallies of Sudeten Germans 
and Siebenburger Saxons. 

Such gestures pale into in- 
significance, of course, by 
comparison with the mush- 
rooming economic interde- 
pendence of the Federal 
Republic and' the Soviet bloc. 
It is this which makes it just 
conceivable that a Social 
Democratic-Green coalition 
might spurn ' the capitalist 
West, as Germany did briefly 
in 1922 at Rapallo - a vita! 
code word on the left Rudoff 
Bahro, the Green guru, con- 
siders Rapallo “a perspective 
for the whole of Europe”. |- 

Daniel Johnsoii 




A HISTORY OF 
TECHNOLOGICAL 
INNOVATION. 



1887 — 
1897 — 
1902 — 
191 3 — 
1927 — 

1932 — 

1933 — 
1936 — 
1951 — 
1958 — 
1967 — 

1970 — 
1973 — 

1976 — 

1978 — 

1979 — 

1983 — 
1985 — 


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First Bosch spark plug. 

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First Bosch diesel fuel injection system. 

First Bosch electric hammer. 

First Bosch refrigerator. 

First Bosch electronic TV camera. 

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THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 


■ 30 


WEST GERMANY/3 


((FOCUS)) 


The nation waits for a second miracle 



Do miracles 
happen? And. 
if so. rwice? 
The post-war 
performance 
of the German 
economy is al- 
ways referred to as the 
H 'irtschafiswunder (economic 
miracle).' Between 1950 and 
1973 gross national product 
increased at an average annual 
rate of more than 6 per cent 

Germans are now asking 
themselves whether the mir- 
acle might happen again. 

The length and the vigour of 
the post-war boom came as a 
surprise. Even in the classical 
period of German industrial- 
ization. between 1871 and the 
First World War. growth rates 
had been below 3 per cent. 

The contrast with the inter- 
war years was even more 
remarkable. There had been 
little growth in the 1 920s and 
then there was a depression of 
such severity that it destroyed 
the fragile democracy of the 
Weimar Republic. After the 
devastation of the Second 
World War it seemed to some 
observers — such as the British 
economist Thomas Balogh — 
that Germany would never 
recover. 

This is the background to 
the liberalization and deregu- 
lation that was imposed after 
1948. The inter-war economy 
seemed to be a textbook 
example of the dangers of 
interventionism. Weimar had 
had an over-inflated welfare 
state. In the 1930s Nazi eco- 
nomic policy produced 
growth, but required ever 
higher levels of armaments 
expenditure in order to keep 
the economy stable. 

Instead Ludwig Erhard 
who became Economics Min- 
ister in the first West German 
govern mem. proposed to set 
up a “social market economy" 

( soziale Marktwinschafi). ba- 
sically a market system with a 
welfare element. Erhard 
shocked his advisers by calling 
for an almost complete bon- 
fire of controls in the wake of 
the 1948 currency reform. 

At first most people saw 
only the negative sides of 
decontrol. Goods which previ- 
ously had simply been unat- 
tainable now became 
frustrate ngiy affordable. Ra- 
tioning actually appeared to 
have been more social. 

It was only later, after 
substantial growth, that 
Erhard’s model began to at- 
tract a wide degree of support. 
Liberalization meant that 
Germany was in a good 
position to take advantage of 
several favourable opportuni- 
ties. Refugees from the East 
provided a mobile, ambitious, 
and also skilled labour force. . 
Together with the large num- 
ber of workers leaving agricul- 
ture they made Germany into 
a cheap wage economy. 


However, there was also a 
long wav to catch upas a result 
of ihc dismal experience of the 
inter-war years. Advanced 
American technology was eas- 
ily imported and could, given 
the favourable conditions in 
Germany, have a revolution- 
ary effect. This combination 
produced high rates of growth 
and investment and a consid- 
erable general prosperity. 

The slowing down of growth 
in the 1960s and the occur- 
rence of business cycle depres- 
sions were more or less 
inevitable once these uniquely 
favourable circumstances 
stopped operating. While the 
SPD Economics Minister of 
the late 1960s. Karl Schiller, 
remained a faithful and even 
passionate advocate of soziale 
.Marktwirtschafi , within the 
social market economy the 
balance began to swing. 
“Social" was gaining the up- 
per hand over the market. 

One consequence of the 
high post-war growth rates 
was that expectations about 
what economic growth might 
provide were raised. Already 
in 1957 pensions were moved 
higher in order to reflect the 
high growth rate. By 1971. in 
the course of a reform of 
medical insurance, policy- 
makers were obliged to make 
the quite extraordinary as- 
sumption that there would be 
growth of 9 per cent annually. 

The extent of the new 
claims on the German econo- 
my is shown by the rising 
share of social expenditure in 
gnp. This rose from 20.7 per 
cent in 1 960 to 25.5 per cent in 
1970 and to 31.9 per cent in 
1975. By the mid-1970s there 
was a dear problem: wage 
costs rose steeply from the late 
1960s relative to productivity, 
and the cheap wage economy 
had become a thing of the 
past 

Unemployment rose to 
more than a million in 1975. 
and remained at that level for 
the rest of the decade. In a 
response conditioned by 
Keynesian assumptions, pub- 
lic sector deficits moved out of 
control (to 6.6 per cent of gnp 
in 1975). 

It is true that some of the 
difficulties were consequences 
of the oil price shocks — but 
these shocks also helped to 
demonstrate how inflexible 
the German economy had 
become. Some commentators 
thought Germany was suffer- 
ing from “English disease", 
and they invented new terms 
such as “EuroscJerosis". In- 
stead of wondering about why 
Germans worked so hard, 
newspapers ran series on “Are 
the Germans lazy?" The end 
of the Winschafiswunder was 
at hand. 

The crisis atmosphere of the 
1 970s led to the breaking-up of 
the social-liberal (SPD-FDP) 
coalition, as the small FDP 



In the market 
for records 




GNP, 1980 market prices (DM 


billion) 

1980 

1485.2 

1981 

1485.3 

1982 

1471.0 

1983 

1493.5 

1984 

1538.9 

1985 

1576.0* 

■ 1985 GNP in current prices: 1B37.9 

Real GNP per annum growth 
(%) 

1951-60 

8.0 

1961-70 

4.7 

1971-80 

2.9 

1981-85 

2.7 


Sources: Bundesbank. OECO 

Above: The skyscrapers of 
the finandaJ district of 
Frankfort, looking down on 
the River Main. Right: A car 
industry which offers consid- 
erable vocational training 

put pressure on the SPD for 
dramatic economy measures. 
In this sense Chancellor Kohl 
and his government are prod- 
ucts of the 1 970s gloom. Like 
other conservative responses 
elsewhere in Europe it is less 
intellectually coherent than 
some of its proponents would 
claim. 

The framework of soziale 
Marktwirtschafi is still there - 
occasionally redescribed as a 
“society of reconciliation" - 
but there is a desire for a new 
departure ( Wen de). 

The formidable and com- 
plex structure of government 
subsidies to industry*, let alone 
the agricultural subventions of 
the EECs Common Agricul- 
tural Policy (CAP), are still 
basically undisturbed. On the 
other hand, public sector defi- 
cits have been cut back enor- 
mously (from 4. 1 per cent of 



gnp in 1982 to 1.9 percent in 
1985). 

At the same time there is a 
quite bold move to give a 
fiscal stimulus through a two- 
stage tax cuts programme, the 
first part of which, costing DM 
1 1 billion (about £3.23 billion) 
is being implemented this 
year. The last part, involving a 
reduction of marginal rates, 
will follow in two years' time. 

The successes appear to be 
considerable. Since 1983 the 
recovery has been vigorous, 
and talk of Winschafiswunder 
is back in the air. Productivity 
has been rising: gnp per work- 
er increased in 1983 by 3.4 per 
cent, in 1984 by 3.1 per cent 
and in 1985 by 2.4 per cent. 
An investment boom, based 
on extensive construction of 
new plant, is being followed by 
a more evenly spread recov- 
ery*. Even building, which 


seemed to have been com- 
pletely left out, is doing well in 
1986. 

Recent developments are 
still fundamentally encourag- 
ing. The rise of the mark 
against the dollar has helped 
to cut import prices, while 
exports are still performing 
well as a consequence of the 
world recovery. Only a rela- 
tively small share of German 
exports go to the United States 
and are affected by the weak 
dollar. Current account defi- 
cits in the early 1980s turned 
in 1985 into a surplus of DM 
38.8 billion. This year the 
surplus will be substantially 
higher DM 60 billion is 
forecast 

Reduced oil prices should 
further stimulate domestic 
growth, and this year the 
major economic research in- 
stitutes are predicting real 


growth of 3.5 per cent The 
energy price fell has brought 
price stability — price indices 
have even shown a drop — and 
the domestically produced in- 
flation rate runs at below 2 per 
cent Many new jobs are being 
created in the service sector. 

There are still problems. 
The high unemployment lev- 
el. partly a consequence of the 
effect of demographic trends 
on the labour market is a 
political liability for the elec- 
tion year 1987. Chernobyl has 
cast gloom over German 
nuclear power as reactor safety 
is put under more intensive 
scrutiny. 

in the longer run. there are 
other reasons for less than 
total optimism. In the transi- 
tion to the electronic econo- 
my. Germany has caught the 
boat at last Catching the boat 
at the last moment was always 
a German habit The strong 
periods of growth before, the 
First World War and after the 
Second are best described as 
catch-up periods. 

This is what has been taking 
place in the 1980s. A lesson 
about the mistakes of a previ- 
ous period has been taken to 
heart and the experience has 
been rewarding. 

But inevitably there will be 
limits to a recovery based on 
making good past errors and 
on catching up on American 
and Japanese developments. 
It would be surprising if there 
were really a new 
Winschafiswunder, or if the 
growth rates of the 1980s (see 
table) showed a really signifi- 
cant long-term upward trend. 

Harold James 

The author is Fellow in Eco- 
nomic History at Peterhouse, 
Cambridge, and author o/The 
German Slump (OUP, 1986) 


Since 1982 the German finan- 
cial system has been breaking 
records. One of the most 
surprising success stories has 
been on the historicity rather 
sleepy Bourse. In April this 
year the volume of shares 
- traded in Frankfurt exceeded 
that for the whole of 1982. 

There have been setbacks in 
January and February this 
year and again since mid- 
April. The FAZ index is 
currently around the level of 
the beginning of the year. It is 
dear that 1986 will not be as 
dynamic as 1985. when the 
index rose 71.6 per cent 

All these developments ex- 
cite foreigners, who were 
largely responsible for putting 
the glamour into the stock 
‘exchange. Last year foreign 
purchases of German shares 
amounted to almost DM 11 
billion (about £3.23 billion). 
There was a double calcula- 
tion — that the dollar was dear 
and that German shares were 
cheap. 

. The first half of this calcula- 
tion has been changed by the 
dollar’s weakness, but the 
other half remains basically 
valid. It is a consequence of a 
surge in the profitability of 
German enterprises^ which 


greater £ 

lie ump ^ 


For the long-term, 
prospects are good 


has left price-earnings ratios 
more or less constant despite 
the enormous rise in share 
prices. 

It is the solidity- of the 
German economic recovery 
since 1982 that underlay the 
excitement of the bull market. 
The long-term prospects are 
still good. 

Foreign excitement half 
pleases and half worries the 
Germans, whq dislike being 
the centre of so much atten- 
tion. Karl Oao PohL Presi- 
dent of the. Bundesbank, 
worried about the extent of 
capital inflows and the in- 
creased volatility this implies. 
After 1982 Germany became 
more than ever an investment 
opportunity and was in conse- 
quence exposed to sudden 
changes of market opinion. 

Part of the solution is to 
broaden the range of choice 
foreign investors have in the 
German financial supermar- 
ket A wider range of financial 
instruments and a full integra- 
tion in a global financial 
-system would help to -reduce 
the vulnerability to shocks. 
Current policy is moving in 
this direction. 

DM bonds have been play- 
ing a larger role on the 
revitalized international capi- 
tal market . and the 
Bundesbank has already al- 


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Engineers at full stretch 
and geared for action 


With order books full and 
production capacity in some 
branches at full stretch, the 
West German mechanical en- 
gineering industry is looking 
forward to another good year 
after a boom in 1985. 

Most branches expect a 
strong domestic market to 
counter any fall in exports due 
to a weak dollar, and the 
industry is confident that it 
has met the Japanese threat 
with success. 

German machine-tool mak- 
ers are also taking a relatively 
relaxed view of President 
Reagan's recent call on foreign 
manufacturers to curb their 
exports to the United States, 
although that country was 
their largest overseas market 
last year. 

After the doldrums of the 
early 1980s. German engi- 
neers are still cautious about 
predicting a long-term recov- 
ery. Heavily dependent on 
exports, the industry benefited 
in 1985 from a high-priced 
dollar which climbed at one 

S lim, even if briefly, towards 
M 3.50. 

Now the dollar is hovering 
around DM 2.20, well below 
the “pain threshold ” for 
German companies, which an 
industry leader earlier this 
year put at DM 2.50. But the 
Germans believe their reputa- 
tion for top-quality goods and 
excellent after-sales service 
will overcome the exchange 
rate problem. 

They are also sure they have 
been largely successful in con- 
taining the challenge to their 
traditional dominance in engi- 
neering from Japanese compa- 
nies. which in the late 1970s 
were leading the field with 
computer numerical controls 
and other electronic 
technology. 

The Germans took note and . 
caught up. Although in 1977 
only a third of German ma- 
chines were equipped with 
cnc. by last year almost all of 
them incorporated Lhat tech- 
nology, and about 50 per cent 
of them were exported. 

According to the West Ger- 
man mechanical engineering 
association (VDMA). industry 
turnover rose in 1 985 by about 
2 percent to DM 160"billion 
(about £47 billion). Exports 
were worth DM 93 billion. 
Orders increased by 1 1 to 12 
per cent and total employ- 
ment rose by 3 per cent to 
1.053.000. 


TOP ENGINEERING COMPANIES, 1985 


Turnover (DM) 

Employees 

Thyssen Group 

44.3bn 

128,370 

Mannesmann 

18:8 bn 

108,000 

Fried Krupp 

18.5bn 

67,400 

Gutehofframgshutte 

14.5bn 

54300 

Source: Company reports 


The machine tools branch 
enjoyed production growth of 
about 16 per cent to DM 10.9 
billion, with orders increasing 
by 30.1 per cent Exports rose 
by 12.7 per cent to DM 6.8 
billion, although the export 
quota of 62.6 per cent was 
slightly down on 1984. Do- 
mestic sales were worth DM 
6.4 billion. 

The branch is expecting 
production in 1986 to repeat 
its double-figure growth of last 
year, although somewhat low- 
er. at between 10 and 15 per 
cent. Capacity utilization is at 
94.5 per cent and the orders 
backlog is running at more 
than eight months. 

Manufacturers of printing 
and paper machines went to 
their annual fair in Dusseldorf 
in May with full order books 
for the first time in its 35-year 
history. “The usual pre-fair 
orders gap that we have 
known for years simply didn't 
happen this." said Kurt Wer- 
ner, president of the fair 
committee. 

The machine-makers had 
their best year ever in 1985, 
with production value of DM 
8.2 billion and exports at 77 
per cent of sales. Despite the 
dollar's dive, they are optimis- 
tic that their application of 
micro-electronics to their 
wares will help them maintain 
their export markets. 

The makers of building 
machinery, long-time suffer- 
ers from a slump in the 
construction industry*, are ex- 
pecting nominal growth of 8 
per cent this year after a 5 per 
cent rise in 1985 to DM 3.4 
billion. This was their level of 
1974 but W3S 31 per cent 
under their record year of 
1979. 

The prognosis for 1986 is 
not uniformly rosy. Although 
Mannesmann. for example, 
had a good 1985 and views 
this year with optimism. 
Prcussag sees metal prices and 
the dollar clouding the hori- 

. - •— .-W,.- IP 


zon. Some machine-makers 
are also concerned that Presi- 
dent Reagan will bring big 
protectionist guns to bear on 
them if they do not meet his 
six-month deadline in apply- 
ing self-restraint on exports to 
the United States. 


Most for the moment, are 
feeling no pain because of 
their rat cushion of domestic 
orders and a conviction that 
the “Made in Germany” label 
especially on machine tools, 
wfll win through after the 
Americans have been per- 
suaded to drop their threat- 
ened barrier against free trade. 

West Germany is the 
world's second largest produc- 
er of machine tools, with a 
value last year of DM 11 
billion and, with Switzerland, 
has won a good position iii the 
American market for its quali- 
ty and flexibility. West Ger- 
man exports to this market 
have more than doubled in the 
past two years and German 
manufacturers will fight to 
retain that share. 

John England 


lowed zero-coupon bonds and 
floating rate notes. 

The other side of this liber- 
alization programme is ir£ 
tended to allow German 
institutions to operate be- 
tween internal ional 'and do- 
mestic markets with 
facility. From May 1 this year 
bank minimum reserve re- 
quirements have been cut to 
reduce the disadvantages 
banks faced in domestic 
lending. 

The German market is still 
far from being liberal: security 
transfer tax drives most sec- 
ondary market operations out- 
side Germany. There is also 
the difficulty that business is 
divided among eight regional 
stock exchanges, though there 
is clear domination try Frank- 
fort and efforts arc being made 
to co-ordinate transactions. - 

Though the share boom is 
to a large extent the product of 
the dynamic performance of 
the economy. Germany's new 
financial revolution is offering 
new opportunities . to 
businesses. 

Mergers, sell-offs and new 
issues are the vogue. Compa- 
nies that have used the Bourse 
bull market to launch their 
shares include such well 
known names as Nixdorf 
(computers). Wei la (cosmet- 
ics), Boss (clothing). Henkel 
(chemicals). KugeJfischer (en- 
gineering). the Springer group 
(printing and newspapers), 
and Trinkhaus (banking). In 
1985 DM II billion worth of 
new capital was supplied to 
German enterprises. 

The most spectacular of 
these transactions was the 
selling-off by Deutsche Bank 
in February this year of the 
.diversified industrial Flick 
■conglomerate. Flick indudes 
substantial paper and chemi- 
cal holdings as well as stakes 
in insurance and in Daimler- 
Benz. •; _ 

It is an indication of how 

Banks are now 
the powerful forqe 

German business prospects 
have been reassessed that the 
Rick interests, sold only at the 
beginning of the year by Karl 
Friedrich Rick, son of the 
company's founder, to the 
Deutsche Bank at what was 
termed a “quasi-fixed” price 
of DM S billion, should be 
sold off for at least DM 7.6 
billion a few months later. • 
"The Rick story shows not 
just how lively the stock 
market has been, but also how 
powerful the German banks 
are. and how well placed they 
have become to take advan- 
tage of the opportunities of- 
fered by the new climate. It is 
on their activity that the 
successful internationaliza- 
tion of the German market 
will eventually depend. 

German banks have tradi- 
tionally been much more titan 
banks.. All the major ones are a 
sort of holding company for a 
wide range of business 
interests. 

The recent stock exchange 
boom has given the banks an 
opportunity to develop their 
merchant. banking side. Then- 
earnings have been swollen by 
their substantial stock hold- 
ings. and by their issue busi- 
ness. as well as by securities 
trading. 

But there is still a great deal 
of caution. It is hard at first 
sight to see why someone such 
as F.W. Christians, the chief 
“speaker” or executive, of 
Deutsche Bank, with an earn- 
ings growth Iasi year of 63 J 
per cent, should talk so obses- 
sively about prudence and 
about the risks the banking 
business feces. 

However, the large German 
banks are worried about how 
they should respond to the 
internationalization of finan- 
cial markets. Global isierung 
has now become the motto on 
the top floors of the Frankfort 
skyscrapers. 

On the one hand, the tradi- 
tional big three (Deutsche. 
Dresdner and Commerz) are 
being chased by some rapidly 
growing rational banks, sav- 
ings associations, and mort- 
■ banks. 

n the other, outside and 
also inside Germany, they will 
have to com pete. with the big 
international investment 
houses. But in this competi- 
tion. the Germans* industrial 
and merchant bank experi- 
ence should give them big 
advantages. 

HJ 



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I, l 


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DWMU*-«MZ-W»-W1» 


For some people there still is 




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On the 29th of January 1886 Karl Benz set 
free the horse and changed the course of 

*> history. 

Since then the development of the Daimler- 

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punctuated with outstanding engineering 
achievements: the incredible SSK, the stunning 
“ 4 OK, the irrepressible silver competition cars 

: with 4400 victories to their credit Daimler- 

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diesel production car. 

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them the present is already history as they 


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by which all other cars will be judged. 

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32 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 


WE^GERMANY/4 


g FOCUS 1 


Investment and trade between Britain and West Germany has soared during the 1980s to reach billions on both sides 


The rush to invest in 
the British economy 


■ M - 1 v && • • Y$ -^5%. 



As one would 
expect from 
the most pow- 
erful economy 
in all Western 
Europe, the 
commercial 
presence of Germany in Brit- 
ain is large and varied. It is 
also growing rapidly. 

About 1 5,000 German com- 
panies export to Britain and of 
these 750 have set up sales 
and/or manufacturing subsid- 
iaries here. According to the 
economics ministry in Bonn, 
the cumulative value of Ger- 
man direct investment in this 
country stood at DM 8,725 


operations. Largest among 
them in terms of employment 
is Hoechst, the Frankfuit- 
based chemicals giant, which 
has had a presence here — 
interrupted by two world wars 
— since 1901. 

In 1968. the company start- 
ed manufacturing polyester 
filaments in Northern Ireland 
and in 1970 bought the paint- 
maker Berger, Jenson and 
Nicholson. It also owns Kalle 
Infotec (copiers and facsimile 
transceivers) and Arthur H. 
Cox (pharmaceuticals), and 
has a 50 per cent stake in 
Harlow Chemical Company 
(synthetic resin emulsion and 


million (about £2,566 million) polyvinyl alcohol) and JR Oil 
at the end of last year. Only in Services (oilfield chemicals). 


the United States is the figure 
higher. 

Investment accelerated af- 
ter Britain joined the EEC in 
1973 and has soared since 
1982. Last year German com- 
panies put more than DM 2.6 
billion into Britain. Recent 
moves include the acquisition 
by Allianz of Comhill Insur- 
ance for nearly DM 1 billion, 
the formation of a joint ven- 
ture between Osram, a Sie- 
mens subsidiary, and GEC, 
and a greenfield investment 
by Isola Werke in 
Cumbernauld, Strathclyde. 

The 750 companies which 
have invested here vary from 
the giants to the liny and sell a 
wide range of goods. Accord- 
ing to a survey published last 
year by the German Chamber 
of Industry and Commerce in 
London, more than 500 em- 


Companies in Britain which 
either come under Hoechst 
UK or which operate separate- 
ly but are wholly or partly 
owned by Hoechst AG in 
Frankfurt recorded sales of 

Sixth plant 
to open soon 


nearly £800 million in 1985 
and provided jobs for 6,475 
people. 

Dominik von Winterfeldt, 
chairman and managing direc- 
tor of Hoechst UK, said the 
group was moving into speci- 
ality chemicals and had identi- 
fied three key areas in which 
they could be used — metallur- 
gy, electronics and industrial 
ceramics. 

Meanwhile, at the Hoechst 
research centre in Milton 
ploy fewer than 50 people and Keynes . 120. scient ists _are 
very few have a workforce of working on new drugs and' 

contributing to the parent 

- company's worldwide ■ re— extension which is doe to open 
search activities in other later this month. Turnover 
fields. 


several thousands. Geographi- 
cally they are conccntraiedin 
the South-East — Greater Lon- 
don, the M4 corridor, Milton 
Keynes. 

Britain's reputation for in- 
dustrial unrest may deter Ger- 
man firms from investing here 
but they should take heart 
from the chamber survey, 
which found that nearly 90 per 
cent of manufacturing and 
sales companies questioned 
reported that they enjoyed 
good or excellent labour 
relations. A more common 
complaint is the inadequacy of 
British vocational training. 

As well as being the second 
largest recipient of German 
investment. Britain is 
Germany's third biggest ex- 
port market after France and 
the United States. German 
sales to Britain have more 
than quadrupled during the 
past decade and reached DM 
45.9 billion in 1985, 8 . 6 . per 
cent of total exports. Cars, 
mechanical and electrical en- 
gineering, optical instruments, 
office equipment, plastics and 
chemicals are the main items. 

Of the German companies 
which have invested in Brit- 
ain, 210 have manufacturing 


. ment laboratory at Congleton, 
Cheshire, which has supplied 
microwave equipment for the 
satellite communications cen- 
tre at Goonhilly Downs, Corn- 
wall, and it has just opened a 
computer sales and informa 
tion office in a converted 
church at Feftham, Middlesex. 

Last month saw the expan- 
sion of another well-known 
Bavarian-based company, 
BMW, which inaugurated a 
£6.5 million warehouse at 
Bracknell, Berkshire, thereby 
more than tripling its storage 
space. 

Since BMW formed a Brit- 
ish aibskiiary in 2979 sates 
have risen from 13,453 units 
(turnover £107 million) to 
33,450 (£346 million) and 
market share from 0.89 to 1 .83 
per cent. Britain now runs 
second to the United States as 
an export market but growth is 
hampered by an ' inadequ a te 
supply 6 f cars from Bavaria. 
The opening shortly of a sixth 
manufacturing plant, at Re- 
gensburg, should ease the 
situation. 

West Germany in general, 
and Badcn-Wurttemberg in 
particular, is noted for its 
small and medium -sized engi- 
neering firms. One of them, 
SchrofL mates metal casings 
for the electronics industry at 
Heme! Hempstead, Hertford- 
shire. The company, based 
near- Karlsruhe, bought T. 
Foxail & Sons, a sheet metal 
engineering business, in 1978 
and acquired with it a skilled 
workforce. 

Schrdff has since invested 
£3 million, £650,000 of it in an 



Coping with the 
oil price drop 


The history of Siemens - in 
Britain goes back-even further 
than that of Hoechst. Sir 
William Siemens founded the 
British Siemens Brothers 
Company in 1858 and just 
before the First World War 
Siemens employed more peo- 
ple here than in Germany. 

Today the British subsid- 
iary of the Munich-based elec- 
trical and electronics group 
has a turnover of about £200 
million and employs about 
2,500 people. These figures do 
uot include the Osram joint 
venture with GEC nor Sie- 
mens Domestic ■■ Appliances, 
■wbidrselfe-white'gecxter - ■ *. 

Like Hoechst, Siemens has 
taken over British companies, 
acquiring Ferranti Measure- 
ments (electrical engergy me- . 
ters). Semi tron .• Crickdale 
(electronics components), 
Phonophore 'Acoustics' (hear- 
ing aids). Pacesetter (heart 
pacemakers). Neve (electronic 
studio equipment) and the 
Norton Telecommunications 
Group. 

It has a design and develop- 


has risen tenfold to £7.5 
million and sales .per head 
Jfom £8,800' to -£60000. The 
company has about 15 per 
cent of the electronic casings 
market in Britain. 

Bemd-Uwe Kaupisch, who 
has run the British operation 
from the start, said many 
medium-sized German com- 
panies had not realized the 
value of Britain as a base for 
exporting to the United States 
and other parts of the world, 
such as India, Singapore/the 
-Gulf Canada, and South Afri- 
ca, where English is widdy 
spoken. Britain laid the base 
for the penetration of the 
American market for Schroff 
and the company is now 
manufacturing in Rhode 
Island. 

. Turning to consumer goods, 
Rosenthal, the porcelain, 
glass, cutlery and furniture 
maker, and Bahlsen, 
Germany's largest biscuit 
manufacturer, both have sales 
subsidiaries in Britain. 

Rosenthal hit the headlines 
in 1975 when it won a £12,000 
crockery order from the 



House of Commons. Out- 
raged MPs demanded why the 
contract had not gone to a 
British company, all of which 
was wonderful publicity for 
Rosen thaL Turnover here in 
1985 was nearly £4 million. 

Bahlsen, whose headquar- 
ters are in Hanover, was 
founded in 1889. Hermann 
Bahlsen came across the petit 
beurre biscuit in England and 
started making it in Germany 
under the name “Leibniz 


cakes", from which KeJcs, the 
German word for biscuit, was 
derived. Today the company 
employs nearly 8,400 people 
and has factories in France, 
Austria, Switzerland, Spain 
and the United States as well 
as Germany. 

Sates of the British subsid- 
iary have grown by 216 per 
cent dining the past five years, 
in particular since the compa- 
ny started to advertise in 
1 983. A.N. Rogers, the manag- 


Church turned computer 
centre: Siemens' infotec 
office atFeltham, and, 
below, Hoechst researchers 
; at Mdton Keynes 

mg director, says Bahlsen is 
somewhat lumbered with its 
quality image and the next 
stage of his campaign is to 
persuade people that its bis- 
cuits and cakes are not just for 
special occasions. 

Today Bahlsen Biscuits 
(UK) launches its first product 
in a British-designed packet 
and Mr Rogers hopes -to 
extend this to other items. 

Asked whether Bahlsen 
would manufacture in Britain, 
be said they would have to 
acquire a British company 


Development of trade be- 
tween Britain and West Ger- 
many in recent years has been 
rapid and impressive. Germa- 
ny is now Britain's second 
laigest foreign market after the 
United Slates, taking nearly 
12 per cent of all British 
exports. 

British invisible earnings in 
Germany from such services 
as banking, insurance and 
consultancy are worth more 

than £895 million a year, and 
in an increasing flow of invest- 
ment between- the two coun- 
tries there are about 1,000 
British subsidiary companies 
in Germany. British direct 
investment in Germany at the 
end of 1985 had a total 
cumulative value of £3.196 
million, or more than double 
the total of 10 years earlier. 

Since Britain signed die 
treaty of accession to the 
European Community in 
1972. British exports to Ger- 
many have increased from 
£590 million then to £9.8 
billion in 1985, or almost £25 
million for every day of the 
year. Last year's figure was 8 
per cent of total German 
imports, compared with 7.7 
per cent in 1984, and while 
overall German imports rose 
by 6.9 per cent, imports from 
Britain increased by 1 1.6 per 
cent. 

Excluding oiL, total German 
imports rose by 8.1 per cent, 
while imports from Britain 
were up by 1 9.7 per cent, with 
the British share of the non-oil 
import market increasing .to 
6.2 per cent from 5.6 per cent 
in 1984. The trade gap in 
favour of Germany, however, 
widened from £2,179 million 
in 1984 to £2,626 million last 


The top-value British ex- 
ports to Germany are capital 
goods such as heavy machin- 
ery. electrical engineering 
products. - pharmaceuticals. ; 
aircraft and components and 
car parts. The rest of the field 
covers a wide range ninniia. 
from agricultural machinery 
to whisky. 

For the British Steel 
Corporation's three subsidiar- 
ies in Germany, sales perfor- 
mance is subject to quotas 
imposed by Brussels. Kari- 
Heinz Kramer, managing di- 
rector of BSC Deutschland in 
Dusseldorf, a sales office for 
non-slainless products with a 
staff of 30, says, however, that 
there could be a price war in 
the steel business when quota 
controls are lifted at the end of 
1987. 

Keen Japanese competition 
rather than quotas is the sales 
problem for Coulter Electron- 
ics. of Krefeld. subsidiary of a 
firm based in Luton, Bedford- 
shire. Employing a total of 140 
people, the company sells 
blood cell counters and bio- 
chemistry reagents for blood 
tests to hospitals, clinics, lab- 
oratories and some individual 
doctors. The company also 
supplies fine particle analysers 

£15m turnover 
is expected 

to the pharmaceutical 
industry. 

Brian Hall, managing direc- 
tor. says Coulter, established 
in Germany 20 years ago, has 
about 3.000 of its all-electron- 
ic instruments in service 
throughout the country and 
70 


dafms a 60 to 70 per cent 

year. German exports to Bril- 

ain in We had a good 85 per cent m 

1980. but then the Japanese 


ain in 1985 were up 13.3 per 
cent, compared with an in- 
crease of 10 per cent in total 
exports. 

Germany comes out even 
better when one takes the 


began making very good 
c-opies of our products and 
selling on price." he said. 
Nevertheless, Mr Hall adds. 


figures for the 12 months to* 

the end of March this year, March 1987 Cou,ler shou,d 


which give it a trade gap edge 
of £3,343 million against 
£1,850 million. Deducting 
British oil revenues would 
almost double the imbalance.' 

Oil accounted for 29.1 per 
cent of British exports to 
Germany last year, earning 
£3.200 million; Bui this was a 
drop of nearly 5 per cent on 


achieve a turnover of £13.5 
million to £15 million, an 
increase of 12 per cent on the 
previous year. 

He said: “Apart from our 
Japanese competitors, we 
have no special problems in 
selling in Germany. 

“However, the German 
medical profession is more 
demanding than that in Brit- 


AAiuuc * "Iiuwi company 1904 ^ ^ oil facior was aemanaing man mat in ant- 


image as a high-quality Conti- 
nental biscuit-maker. The lo- 
cal market was tightly 
controlled and there was little 
left to buy. His main problem 
as an importer has been the 
devaluation of the pound 
against the mark at a time 


quarter of this year. “The 
trend is to further fells," a 
British embassy commercial 
official said. 

British non-oil exports to 
Germany, however, are a 
success story in what Sir 
whf-n Rrihch : n fl at j An Julian Bullard, the British 
British inflation rales ambassador, describes as “one 

of the most competitive mar- 
kets in the world to break 
inttT 


were low. 

Simon Scott Plummer 


staff is engaged in service and 
maintenance of our instru- 
ments. and when something 
goes wrong German doctors 
want immediate attention. 
Unlike British donors, they 
are not inclined to make small 
repairs themselves. 

“But dial is our market, and 
we give them what they 
want." 


I 

/ 


SCCPE/VWK33I6E 






t- 

J 3' 




It takes only three 
letters to convey 
high technology and 
high quality. 


You’ll find high technology and high quality in 
all of our products, systems and services; 


You can find AEG in 111 countries worldwide. 

* ‘ ' . ” 1 


Automation Systems 
Cables (AEG KABEL) 

Communication 

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Information Systems 
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Office Technology (OLYMPIA) 

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Radio and Radar Systems 
Railway Systems 
Standard Products 


AEG employs 75,000 people in 111 countries 
throughout the world; they have provided 
a wide range of products and services worth 
nearly £ 3.0 Billion in 1985. Some 6,000 
AEG employees support the company’s high 
technology products in the areas of research 
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Advanced technology from AEG: 

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9 


AEG (U. K.) Ltd. 

217 Bath Road 
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Berkshire SL1 4 AW 
Phone: (0753) 872101 
Telex: 847541 









L e 



Revenue 




|£ in millions) 


• 

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• • 


j 



. 



/ 

f 



■ 



r 



GO 

j 

* 





7980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 


et’s face it Most companies have a 
good year every once in a while. 
But how about steady consistent 
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Check our revenue fig- 
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Orders on hand are up 
20 per cent Again. At more 
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total 1985 revenue. In the 
next year or so, Nixdorf vwH- 
pass the £ 1.5 billion mark in 
revenue. 

Nixdorf ’s investment in 
research proves we think 
the future is as important as 
the past Once again, we 
invested almost lOper cent 
of revenue - £ 114 million - 
in development Add our 
capital spending of £ 163 
million, up 12 per cent, to 
our R&D spending and you 
can clearly see how we feel 
about the future. 

Confidence also means 
new jobs. Last year we 
defied industry trends, and 
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our payroll. 

Stockholders’ equity 
now totals £ 677 million, up 
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was only five years ago. 

Our continued success stems 
from our customers’ positive 
response to: 

Nixdorf Commitment: We are 
Committed to end users. Nearly two 
thirds of our staff are engaged solely 
in customer support and service. 

97 per cent of our worldwide revenue 
is earned by Nixdorf employees re- 
sponding directly to customer needs. 
We don’t depend on outside dealers. 

Nixdorf Service: Our sales and 
service network is the most vital jand 
visible sign of Nixdorf quality Our cus- 
tomers know they have long-term 
security. Commitment to customer 


service has always been a major 
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Nixdorf Solutions: Nixdorf 
serves virtually every branch of indus- 
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in government and local authority 
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We convert technological 
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Nixdorf is already among the 
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Our consistent record of growth 
points firmly to an even brighter and 
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We have 550 offices worldwide in 
44 countries. Nixdorf 'S UK head office 
is at 125-135 Staines Road, 
Hounslow; Middlesex TW33JB. 


■ Please tell me more about Nixdorf s 

£ 1 

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Workforce at year-end . 


German reliability 
matched by British know-how 



NIXDORF 








34 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 




States. It is as if. like England' 
and soccer. Germany taught 
the world how to play opera, 
but has now grown tired and 
has yielded the game to coun- 
tries that came to it late. 

There is a hint of English 
football about the questions 
and answers m an interview 
with Herr Angeius Seipt. an 
official of the Cologne Opera. ; 
in the city's morning paper. Of 
the present generation of sing- 
ers. the paper asked: "Why are 
Germans no match for 
foreigners?" Herr Seipt replied 
that Germany had more opera 
houses than anywhere in the 
world (just as England has 
more league football clubs). 
'*bui German potential is not 
good enough.” The paper 
speculated that training might 
be the problem. 


WEST GERMANY/S 


t FOCUS 1) 


Living the fun 
life with 
Bubbi and Siggy 


Any country 
which can 
have a city like 
Munich can- 
not be entirely 
serious. Being 
though! entire- 
ly serious is what most West 
Germans seem not to want to 
be. So. as any serious people 
would do when laced with 
such a charge, they have 
arranged to get most of their 
supplies of frivolity supplied 
by Munich, the capital of the 
state of Bavaria. 

The neighbouring southern 
state of Baden-Wurttemburg is 
in competition with Bavaria 
io attract advanced industry — 
the south having become, in 
recent years, the “high tech" 
region. Baden-Wurtlmberg is 
ruled by the Christian Demo- 
crats (CDU) under Herr 
Lothar Spath. Bavaria of 
course by Herr Franz Josef 
Strauss, the man who is — as 
far as the rest of the world is 
concerned - the most famous 
West German politician, apart 
from present and former 
Chancellors. 

It seems to have been an 
epic of tax concessions and 
subsidies. The former liberal 
{FDP) economics minister. 
Count Otto Lambsdorff. re- 
cently intervened to denounce 
both men for hurling so much 
money at business. Herr 
Strauss and Herr Spath tem- 
porarily abandoned the strug- 
gle to abuse Count 
Lambsdorff. 

Baden-Wurttemberg is a 
beautiful slate and its capital. 
Stuttgart, has a superbly-re- 
stored city centre of trees and 
squares. But Bavaria will al- 
ways win in the end. This is 
because it has Munich. 

“Munich is the only West 
German city where you can go 
over the lop." a British ob- 
server of the West German 
economy explained. "For ex- 
ample. it's the only place in 
the Federal Republic where 
you can have someone called 
Princess Gloria von Thum 
und Taxis going about in 
multi-coloured punk hair - at 
least for any length of time. 

“That has broader econom- 
ic consequences. Business- 
men. particularly foreign 
businessmen, like to come to 
Munich because it is the only 


West German city, apart from 
Hamburg, which is as glamor- 
ous. or mildly wicked, as most 
of the other international cit- 
ies they deal with." 

Munich is the only West 
German city in which the 
gossip columns of the local 
papers are peopled with Ger- 
mans. Those of other West 
German papers are usually 
about foreigners: Miss Joan 
Collins. Princess Stephanie of 
Monaco. Mrs Onassis. the 
British royals. This is because 
there is now a shortage of 
internationally famous Ger- 
mans of the sort glamorous or 
disgraceful enough to fill gos- 
sip columns. 

The Munich columns, how- 
ever. are full of the activities 
of actual Germans. They tend 
to live in and around Munich 
and to be called such names as 
Bubbi 3nd Siggy. 

Locally, they are known as 
ihe Schikaria: film-makers, 
alleged artists, actors, ac- 
tresses. and the Princess Glo- 
ria von Thum und Taxis, who 
has nothing to do with 

Where culture and 
capitalism meet 


Munich's transport arrange- 
ments. but is the wife of the 
Prince Johannes von Thum 
und Taxis, whose family for- 
tune took 500 years to assem- 
ble. who has a castle on the 
Danube at the Bavarian city of 
Regensburg, and who recently 
gave a very, very big party to 
which "everyone" was 
invited 

The definition of 
“evervone" in Munich is Herr 
Strauss. But important people 
from Bonn came loo. 

As well as being agreeably 
silly. Munich is also cultured 
and beautiful. Its great gallery 
has the best of all Rubens 
collections. In the 1 9th centu- 
ry. the Bavarian monarch who 
put up the city centre was 
unusual for his period ol 
preferring mock-Renaissance 
to mock-Golhic. So the centre 
is a vista of bits of Florence 
and bits of Venice. 

However, it has to be admit- 
ted, Munich is also serious. It 
is the headquarters of “Bavar- 
ian Motor Works", which the 


Munich: Looking towards Marienplatz, a popular haunt for overseas tourists. Right: Deutsche Oper. West Berlin, 

performing a scene from “Katya Kabanova" by Janacek 


world knows as BMW, as well 
as of the electrical giant Sie- 
mens. the aerospace firm Mes- 
serschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm. of 
Alliance Insurance, and of a 
firm whose name in German 
means “foundry of good 
hope" (GutehofTnungshuttek 
which sounds like a village 
blacksmith, but which is an 
engineering giant. 

In and around Munich, and 
far into the Bavarian hinter- 
land. are small high-tech 
firms, making medical equip- 
ment and electronic compo- 
nents of other people's 
machines. The people who 
work for them, plus the Bavar- 
ian farmers, make up the 
Christian Social Union (CSU) 
vote that keeps Herr Strauss 
stale Prime Minister in 
Munich. 

Munich itself is. and nearly 
always has been. Social Demo- 
cratic. to Herr Strauss's al- 
leged irritation. This is hardly, 
however, a heavy industrial 
vole. The big firms have their 
headquarters in Munich, not 
their factories. A Munich So- 
cial Democratic voter is just as 
likely to be employed in film- 
making or cable television. 

If you had to choose one 
city in the world to show that 
high capitalism was compati- 
ble with high culture, a good 
choice would be Munich, even 
if you do have to include low. 
gossip. 

FJ 


Move over, Wagner, they’re 
now all going for pop 


A friend had just bought a 
recital recording by Peter Hof- 
mann and offered a hearing. 
The otter was accepted excit- 
edly since Herr Hofmann, 
who is now in his early forties, 
seems to these ears to be as 
good a Wagnerian tenor as 
Germany has produced since 
the war — and this in a decade 
in which Wagner singing is 
widely thought to be in 
decline. 

A tremendous outburst of 
unfamiliar music, involving 
much percussion, preceded 
the entry of the voice on the 
first track. So it seemed safe to 
assume that the first item was 
from one of the submerged 
early operas by Wagner which 
hardly anyone has ever heard: 
Das Liebesrerbot. perhaps, or 
Die Feen. 

Such works tend to contain 
rather old-fashioned and un- 
original arias which are always 
worth listening to. provided 
we do not have to sit through 
the rest of the opera. 

Herr Hoffman's satisfyinglv 
guueral heroic tenor emerged 
from the loudspeakers. “There 
is ... a house ... in New . . 
.Orleans", the voice very' slow- 
ly imparted, in southern ' 


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exchanges worldwide. In 
fact, Degussa has processed 
and dealt in precious metals 
for over 140 years. 

High-purity gold. One 
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Degussa helps make our 
world a better place to live. 


Degussa, part of our world. 
Metals. Chemicals. 
Pharmaceuticals. 


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American English. “It's called 
... the Rising Sun." 

A lunge for the cassette 
cover revealed that one had 
been made to listen to Peter 
Hofmann sings Rock Classics . 
which, it turned out, had been 
quite a big seller in Germany 
last year. It included such 
middle-period works as The 
sun ain i going to shine any- 
more. The long and winding 
road and the one about that 
very boring bridge over those 
troubled waters. 

You could also get two 
albums of Peter Hofmann 
sings songs and baliads — 
songs and ballads being there 
defined, not as the work of 
such home talents as Hugo 
Wolf or Schubert, but of 
whoever wrote You 've lost that 
loving feeling and Let it be. 

With these cassettes, it is 
possible that we had chanced 
upon something symbolic — 
and. not only that a paradox. 
We in Britain are brought up 
to believe that the Germans 
are more cultured than us, 
certainly more musical. These 
last 200 years, most important 
composers — apart from a few 
Frenchmen and some Italians 
who only; did operas and not 
things like symphonies - 
seem to be German. 

There is the Berlin 
Ph Harmonic. There is Karajan 
and lots of equally famous 
German conductors, with 
names such as Wilhelm. Furt- 
wangler or Otto Klemperer, 
who are dead. The Germans 
are also understood to be 
better educated than us. And 
West Germany is riddled with 
opera houses. 

Furthermore, they are opera 
houses which — as Covent 
Garden points out every time 
it wants more money from foe 
taxpayers — are awash with 
subsidies. In feet, we Britons 
have been made, by other 
Britons, to feel thorough bar- 
barians about not having all 


that music, and sheer, brute 
mass of culture. 

Yet nearly everywhere you 
go in West Germany, outside 
opera house or concert hall, 
you hear American, British or 
indigenous pop- Get into a 
taxi, and from radio or cas- 
sette deck, some degenerate 
Briton wails at you about glue- 
sniffing on the dole — British 
punk being one of the most 
highly respected schools 
among Germans. The indige- 
nous West German bands 
make the same noise, only in 
German — just as in foe later 
19th century Schumann and 
Brahms were imitated by such 
Britons as Stanford and Parry. 

The Americans here have a 
young, ambitious ambassador 
who wants to “reach out" to 
foe West German young. It is 


— that is. foe politicians give 
them more taxpayers' money. 
Covent Garden's complaints 
are true on that aspect. For 
example, foe Hamburg Opera, 
which with Munich and West 
Berlin is one of the three West 
German "international” 
houses comparable with 
Covent Garden, gets,, on the 
latest available figure, a subsi- 
dy of DM 52.5 million (about 
£15.5 million) a year. It is all 
provided by the city govern- 
ment 

Cologne, which with Dils- 
seldorf and Frankfurt forms 
what might be termed the 
second division and where foe 


It is as if. like England' 
Germany taught 
to play opera, 
grown tired and 
to coun- 

an 

* 


The country is riddled with opera 
houses and awash with subsidies 


more 

"but 

good 


not 
paper 
might 


significant that he obviously 
feels he could not do that by 
being seen at a concert of foe 
Berlin Philarmonic. Instead, 
he recorded a “track" with a 
Berlin pop group and took 
care to get himself photo- 
graphed doing it. In interviews 
he emphasizes his scholarship 
in foe genre known as Heavy 
MetaL 

Wagner, wherever he is 
now, must face the reality that 
his best tenor of the 1980s 
often sings about loving feel- 
ings. bridges, and troubled 
waters other than those to be 
found in his operas. When this 
was put to foe young German 
and pro-pop secretary in The 
Times Bonn office, she re- 
plied: "How do you know 
that, if Wagner were alive to 
today, he wouldn't be a rock 
composer?" 

Opera and the concert hall 
are taken more seriously here 
by politicians than in Britain 


musical standard is not much 
lower than in foe international 
three, gets, from a similar 
source. DM 35 million. Defi- 
cits in the Berlin 
Philarmonic’s income are met 
by foe West Berlin city gov- 
ernment Moreover, there is 
no evidence that West Ger- 
man ratepayers object to any 
of this. Music seems to be 
regarded as a civic amenity. 

The number of German 
singers has been declining 
since the war. When a provin- 
cial British company recently 
appeared at Wiesbaden, foe 
critic of foe London Spectator 
wrote that it was no wonder 
that Germany produced so 
many odd stage directors, 
since anyone would want to 
shock such an audience. 

Furthermore, the West Ger- 
man houses could not survive 
without singers from East 
Europe, foe Commonwealth 
and. above alt, the United 


On foe other hand. West 
Germans arh getting better 
and better at and mere inter- 
ested in, ballet an an form to 
which they did not really lake 
until foe early 1960s. when foe 
dance company attached to*- 
the Stuttgart Opera imported 
from London foe South Afri- 
can choreographer, the late 
John Cranko. He turned it 
into one of the most glamor- 
ous companies in the world, 
perhaps overshadowing foe 
Royal Ballet on which it was 
modelled — another example 
in the arts of foe England 
Soccer Effect The Hamburg 
Opera soon created a similar 
company' under the American, 
John Neumeir. 

Opera remains a paradise 
for people who like going to 
concerts, to opera (thanks to 
German ratepayers and for- 
eign singers) and to ballet It is 
also a paradise for people who 
like listening, all day long, to * 
rock. pj 


Union power goes on the defensive 


German trade unions face foe 
same problems as other Euro- 
pean unions: how to adjust to 
an accelerated pace of change, 
combined with the apparently 
long-term prospect of high 
levels of unemployment 
Although there has been 
dramatic economic growth in 
Germany, there were still 
2347.000 registered as being 
without a job at the end of 
1 985. and in the course of this 
year the number is expected to 
fell by only 150.000. So the 
unions are on foe defensive. 
Between 1981 and 1984 they 
lost members. 

In addition, the CDU-FDP 
coalition government in pow- 
er since October 1982 has 
been less sympathetic to the 
unions than its SPD-FDP 
predecessor. As a reaction to 
foe disastrous politicization of 
unions in the Weimar Repub- 
lic. German trade unions are 
not supposed to have formal 
links with any party: but in 
practice foe politics of foe 
SPD and the trade unions 
are intertwined. 

While in foe 1950s unions 
had been rather weak, under 
foe social-liberal coalition of 
foe 1970s they grew more 
powerful and pushed German 
wages ahead. They were 
blamed, particularly by foe 
FDP. for Germany's econom- 
ic difficulties and for foe 
severity of the recession after 
1979. 

The reaction of unions to 
the Kohl government's desire 
for a radical break with foe 
social policies of the past 
{ H ’endc) was a new strategy on 
foe part of labour, too. This 
was termed “Minimax" or 
“the new flexibility”. 

The aim was to break the 
old concern with 
Soziafpartncrschafl . . foe social 
cooperation which had been 
established after 1949. had 
lain at foe heart of Bonn's 
political success, and had been 
practised in foe 1970s by 
moderate unionists such as 
the late Hanns-Martin, 
Schleyer. Harmonious labour 
relations were to be replaced 
by a new radicalism. 

A German peculiarity that 


stands out in sharp contrast to 
Britain is that foe most power- 
ful. and also most radical, 
union is not in a sunset 
branch, but in foe engineering 
and metal trades. These lie at 
foe heart of Germany's eco- 
nomic success, but at the same 
time they are experiencing 
dramatic structural changes. 

The giant metaT union, IG 
Melall. with 2.6 million mem- 
bers, is keen to experiment 
with new political options — 
some members of its execu- 
tive. such as Hans Janssen, are 
now even prepared for a 
limited co-operation with the 
ecological Greens. 

For IG MetaJJ. Minimax 
meant an attempt to reintro- 
duce ideological politics. The 
first major campaign was 
fought in 1984 on the basis of 
a demand for a 35-hour week. 
Many of the SPD's economic 


about reducing hours of work 
- io 38.5. 

After this outcome the 
unions look the courts in 
order to defend what they 
termed as the “right to strike". 
Their argument was that para- 
graph 116 of the 1969 Work 
Promotion Law 

(Arbeit sfdrderungsgesetz) im- 
posed the duty of neutrality in 
labour disputes on the labour 
office. 

This argument was eventu- 
ally blocked in March this 
year by a vote in foe Bundes- 
tag to change paragraph 116. 
However, in foe course of this 
battle, the unions actually 
achieved a major victory. 

In foe first place, the passing 
of foe legislation left the 
government parties in disar- 
ray. Some CDU deputies, led 
by Gustav Fehrenbach. kept 
on pointing out that two-fifths 


Trade unions are now experimenting 
with new political links and options 


experts and politicians were 
sceptical about the proposal 
and believed it might endan- 
ger Germany's com peti ti ve 
position. 

These worries were not 
shared by the union: which 
wanted to impress its own 
vision on the SPD. and argued 
that a reduced working week 
was the easiest way of absorb- 
ing the unemployed. On the 
tactical issue. IG Metall be- 
lieved that a major goal (Max) 
could be achieved through the 
deployment of limited re- 
sources (Mini). 

The seven-week metal 
workers' strike in April and 
May |9S4 was conducted on 
foe cheap. A few stoppages in 
a highly interdependent, inte- 
grated engineering industry 
produced chaos. The shortage 
of vital parts shut down other 
factories where the workers, 
though not the original strik- 
ers. were eligible Tor unem- 
ployment benefits. 

The end of the strike came 
when the federal labour office 
blocked these payments and 
there was then a compromise 


of German union members 
vote for the CDU. and that 
these voters would be put off 
by the new legislation. 

The pressure of CDU 
unionists (organized in foe so- 
called Sozialauswhiisse) re- 
sulted in a watering-down of 
the original draft. In the final 
version, an arbitration panel 
composed of representatives 
of union and employers' orga- 
nizations, with a state-ap- 
pointed chairman, decides 
whether benefits should be 
paid to workers laid off be- 
cause of foe consequences of a 
strike. 

Second, in foe course or the 
dispute about paragraph 116. 
the language of class struggle 
was introduced in a way 
unprecedented in foe Federal 
Republic's history'. Norben 
Blum, foe labour minister, 
and himself a former metal- 
worker in foe Opel works, was 
accused of being a class trai- 
tor. The union federation. 
DGB. made a tasteless parallel 
between Blum's law and Nazi 
labour legislation. .' 

' There have, been .physical 
attacks on CDU politicians 


attending union meetings. In 
February, 200,000 workers 
took part in protest strikes. 
The recem quadrennial DGB 
congress was the first to refuse 
to allow foe current Chancel- 
lor to address it. In short, one 
of the Federal Republic's basic 
myths about peaceful social 
co-exisience appeared to be in 
tatters. 

All this helped to increase 
foe union movement's self- 
esteem. It was able to forget 
the scandal surrounding foe 
finances of foe union-owned 
property development firm. 
Neue Heimat, where a mix- 
ture of corruption and incom- 
petence had fed to 
overbuilding, unsaleable and </ • 
unrenlable housing, heavy 
losses, and debts of DM 17 
billion (about £5 billion). 

Indeed, the DGB's chair- 
man. Ernst BreiL now says: 
“The German union move- 
ment is in good shape." In 
1985. membership began to 
rise again. IG Metall gained 
26.000 young members. The 
Hamburg DGB Congress was 
confident and assertive. 

The new confidence affects 
wage claims and settlements. 

In foe slump after 1979. 
unions had behaved with 
exemplary restraint and put in 
only low pay claims. Now foey 
believe it is time to make up 
lost ground. a 

In January 1986 foe metal- * 
workers asked for increases of 
between 6 and 7.5 per cent, 
which far exceeds foe then 
estimates for price rises (2 per 
cent - foe real figure for 1 986 
will probably be lower) and 
productivity gains (3 per cent). 

In the end. they settled for 4.6 
per cent. Textile workers re- 
jected an offer of 3.4 to 3.9 per 
cent and then agreed foe same 
rate as IG MetalL g 

With these higher wage ^ 
awards, and foe confusion and 
embarrassment of the govern- 
ment in the wake of the 
paragraph 116 debate, it is 
scarcely surprising that foe 
Louncil of Economic Advisers 
is worried that “high wage 

settlements might put the 
future of the Goman recovery 
iq doubt. - 








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Deutsch/Englisch 




DER STAATSBESUCH 
THE STATE VISIT 

the ssteht vis-it 

125. Ich freue mich Sie kennenzulernen Ihre Majestat/ 

Erzbischof/Minister-prasident. 

It is nice to meet you, Ifbur Majesty/Archbishop/Prime 
Minister. 

it is neiss tu miet yuh, juhr MAHDSCH-esst-ie/AHRTSCH- 
bie-schap/PREI-mini-sstefir. 

126. Was fur eine nette Krone/Mitra/Hut. 

What a lovely crown/mitre/hat. 
uatt e LAW-lie kraun/mei-tehr/hdt. 

127. Nein, nein, ich liebe Hunde/Musik/Golf. 

No, no, I love dogs/music/golf. 
iioh, noh, ei law dagi/MJUH-sick/golf. 

128. Wo genau ist Milton Keynes? 

Where exacdy is Milton Keynes? 
uahr eks-AKT-lie is MIL-ten kiensf 

129. Ich habe eine Panne mit meiner Limousine. 

My limousine has broken down. 
mei lie-muh-SIEN has BROH-ken dawn. 

130. Konnen Sie mir den Weg zu Ihrem Audi 

Volkswagen Handler zeigen? 

Gan you show me the way to your Audi Volkswagen 
dealer? 

kdn juh schoh mie the ueh tujuhr audi Volkswagen DIE-lehrf 

131. Vor sprung durch Technik. 

Vorsprung durch Technik. 
vorsprung durch technik. 


DAS STAATSBANKETT. 
THE STATE BANQUET. 
the ssteht BAHNK-uet. 

132. Das ist eine interessante Wurst. 

That is an interesting sausage. 
that is an IN-te-resst-ing SSOH-ssidsch. 







With the 


5m Telephone (0908) 679121. 


\ 









36 


LAW/SPORT 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 


Law Report July 1 1986 


Redundancy terms legally enforceable 


Trust 


Marley ? Forward 
Group Ltd 

Before Lord Justice Lawton. 
Lord Justice Dillon and Lord 
Justice Woolf 
[Judgment given June 30] 

Redundancy provisions con- 
tained in a collective agreement, 
which was expressed to be 
binding in honour only, when 
incorporated into an employee's 
contract of service were legally 
enforceable by the employee. 
The relevant provisions pre- 
served for six months the right 
of a redeployed employee in a 
redundancy situation to claim a 
redundancy payment should the 
new position prove unsuitable. 

The Court of Appeal so held 
in allowing an appeal by the 
employee. Mr Michael John 
Marley. against the dimissal by 


Mr Jeremy McMullen for the 
employee: Mr Donald Hamilton 
for the employers. 


LORD JUSTICE LAWTON 
said that in May 1983 pro- 
visions covering a redundancy 
situation were introduced into a 
collective agreement which the 
respondent employers had with 
the Association of Scientific 
Technical and Managerial 
Staffs; and under the terms of 
the appellant employee's service 
agreement any modification of 
that kind was incorporated into 
his agreement 


At the end of. 1 983 it became 
clear to the employers that it 
would be-necessary to close the 
regional office at Bristol where 
the employee worked and they 
wrote to all the employees at 
that office 


redundancy clause would op- 


idancy 

erate. it did not have the force of| 
law. The reason was that in the 
collective agreement there was a 
clause which provided: “This 
agreement is binding in honour 
only and it is not intended to 
give rise to any legal obligation.** 
In Rohenson r British Gas 
Corporaiion ([1983] ICR 351) 
ihe Court of Appeal decided that 
terms in collective agreements 
could be incorporated into con- 
tracts of personal service and 
that when they were they were 
enforceable. 


Of the total of 30 employees 
affected seven were to be trans- 
ferred. The appellant employee 
was moved to London, but he 
was not happy about it and told 
the employ ers that be would like 
to take advantage of the redun- 
-dancy terms. 


FOOTBALL: THE CUP THAT CHEERED THE RICH AS WELL ASAjj ATlON'SP O OR 


Profit and loss as world 


looks at balance sheet 


From David Miller 
Mexico City 


the Employment Appeal Tri- 
l Sept 


bunal on September 4. 1985. 
[[1986] ICR 115) of bis appeal 
from ihe decision of the indus- 
trial tribunal to dismiss his 
claim for redundancy payment 
from his employers. Forward 
Trust Croup Ltd, on the ground 

that the employee had not been 
contractually entitled to a trial 
period. 


The new terms provided that 
employees who accepted offers 
of alternative employment 

which differed significantly 
from their current position in 
terms of. inter alia, location 
should have up to six months 
within which to assess whether 
or not the new position was 
suitable and that should they 
reject the position within that 
period their rights to the redan - 
dancy terms under the agree- 
ment should not be affected. 
The agreement gave redundancy 
terms which were considerably 
better than the statutory terms. 


The employers said that he 
bad not been transferred under 
the redundancy provisions but 
under a “mobility" clause in his 
service agreement whereby he 
had accepted that he was liable 
to be transferred- 


But. the mobility clause and 
the redundancy clause could not 
coexist in the same contract of 
service and if there was a 
redundancy situation the 
employers could not rely on the 
mobility clause. 


His Lordship had no hesita- 
tion in finding that the terms 
relating to a redundancy situa- 
tion were incorporated into the 
employee's contract and that the 
industrial tribunal and the ap- 
peal tribunal misdirected them- 
selves in thinking that the terms 
were not enforceable at the suit 
of the employee. 


Lord Justice Dillon and Lord 
Justice Woolf delivered concur- 
ring judgments. 


The employers submitted 
that, although they and the 
employee had agreed that the 


Solicitors: Robin Thompson 
& Partners; Betti nsons. 
Birmingham. 


No duty to teach forbidden practice 


Justice Parker. 
Nourse and Sir 


England v Cleveland Potash 
Ltd 

Before Lord 
Lord Justice 
John Megaw 

[Judgment given June 25] 

The manager of a mine was 
not obliged by section 88 of the 
Mines and Quarries Act 1954 to 
afford supervision, training or 
instruction to employees in 
methods of operation which he 
expressly forbade and consid- 
ered dangerous. Consequently 
an employer owed no duty 
under section 88 to an employee 
who in the course of his employ- 
ment disposed of explosives in a 
prohibited manner. 

The Court of Appeal so held, 
dismissing an appeal by the 
plaintiff. Mrs Christine En- 
gland. the widow and admin- 
istratrix of the estate of Joseph 
England, deceased, from an 
order of Mr M. Pratt. QC who, 
silting as a deputy High Court 
judge on July 19. 1985. bad 
dismissed her claim against the 
defendant. Cleveland Potash 
Ltd. her deceased husband's 
former employer, for damages 
for. inter alia, breach of statu- 
tory duty under section 88 m 
failing to supervise or instruct 
the deceased in disposing of 
explosives by burning. 


The deceased had been killed occurred hi the course of the 
in an explosion when he had deceased’s employment and the 
attempted to bum 401b of deceased bad been employed, 
explosive at the defendant's inter alia, to dispose of explo- 
potash mine at Bo u I by, Cleve- sives, the plaintiff contended 
land. that the defendant had been in 

Section 88 of the 1954 Act breach of section 88 in neither 
provided: “It shall be the duty of supervising nor instructing the 
the manager of every mine to deceas e d in the -burning of 
secure that no person is em- explosives, and relied on 
ployed thereat in any work Thompson v National Coal 
otherwise than under the Board ([1982] ICR 15). 
instruction and supervision of Thompson was an entirely 
some person competent to give different case and did not assist 
instruction in. and supervise, the plaintiff bene The defendant 
the doing of that work, unless bad argued that although the 
the first-mentioned person has accident had happended in the 
received adequate instruction course of the deceased's empioy- 
jn. and (where necessary) train- menu he bad been forbidden to 
ing for. the doing of that work bum the explosives and was not 
and is competent to do it therefore “employed in the 


without supervision." 

Mr Anton Lodge for the 
plaintiff; Mr Brace McIntyre for 
the defendant. 


work" of burning explosi ves. or. 


alternatively, that adequate 
instruction had been given with 
regard to burning: he had been 
insturcted not to do h. 

Either or both of those sub- 
missions had to be well- 
founded; if neither were correct 
it would have the farcical con- 
sequence of requiring instruc- 
tion and supervision to be given 
in modes of operation which 
were • prohibited and might 
never have occ ur red to an 
employee but for such instruc- 
tion. It followed that section 88 
was of no application here. 

Lord Justice Nourse and Sir 
John Megaw agreed. 

Solicitors: Pattinson & 
Brewer for Alex Lauriston & 
Son. Middlesbrough: Hay & 
Kilner. Newcastle upon Tyne. 


Wiib a racing pulse we shall 
remember Maradona and 
with affection we shall re- 
member the Mexican people: 
a shooting star and a nation 
with its heart open to the 
visiting world. The circus left 
town yesterday, its manipula- 
tors and money-makers over- 
shadowing the acrobats, and 
the Mexicans cried a little as 
they resumed their lives of 
poverty and feint hope, of 
financial and political oppres- 
sion under a despised govern- 
ment. The rich go on gening 
richer. 

We went to Nezahualcoyotl, 
the capital's despairing suburb 
of four million inhabitants, 
with its incongruous new sta- 



LORD JUSTICE PARKER 
said that neither explosives nor 
their wrappings had ever pre- 
viously been burnt at the mine; 
explosives were disposed of by 
“drowning" in water. 

Immediately prior to the ac- 
cident the deceased bad been 
expressly forbidden to bum the 
explosives. 

Since the defendant had 
admitted that the accident had 


Cheating the Revenue 


Regina* Mi vp 

The common law offence of 
cheating the Revenue did not 
require a positive act of deceit 
such as a false representation 
but could be established by an 
amission such as the failure to 
make a return. . 

Accordingly, a defendant who 
had a duty to make value-added 
tax returns and to pay the VAT 
over to the Crown and had 


dishonestly failed to do either 
was guilty of cheating her Maj- 
esty the Queen and the public 
revenue. 

The Court of Appeal (Crim- 
inal Division} (Lord Justice 
May. Mr Justice Michael Davies 
and Mr Justice Hirst) so held on 
June 24 when giving reasons for 
dismissing the appellant’s ap- 
peal against conviction for an 
offence of cheating 


The following tripos examina- 
tion results from Cambridge 
University are published (• 
denotes distinction): 


Cambridge Tripos 


Edward VI & Southampton and Tr 
H: V E Roberts. Winchester C and 


History of Art 

t None 


S. Ho d deadon and Chart M w Carter. FeMed S and Emma:' S R 


Clan 2 dMJtan 1: C Bolin -Sara de 
Sautuota. Wellesley COO. USA and 


Evans Tovey. Old Swlnford Hospital. 


Corp: C J H Carr. Hurstpterpoinl i 
and King's: A J Dickson. RucAy: s A 
Fairorleve. Cheltenham Ladies CoD 
and Down: A R Ginger. Exeter Sch 
and Jes. K E Horner. CoUJngham HS 
and Cla: MOB Mills. Westminster 
Tutors Ud and Cal: H R Pearce. St 
Bartholomew^ Sch. Newbury and 
Sdw: L w Rogers. Monmouth, Girls 
Sch and Qil n J Stemp. Trinity- Sch. 
Croydon and Cla: P N B Taylor. 
Shrewsbury Sch and King's. 

Ctacs 2 dhrtdoa I. J A Hearock. King 
Edward's Girls HS. Bl/TMngham and 
Newn: N A Moiham. Richard Taunton 
Coll. Southampton and Emma: S 


J Pear 

London and Fttrw: A R 

King's Coll Sch. Wimbledon and Pet; 
P B powell. Desborough Sch. Maiden- 
head and Jes: M H E Quinn. Mdlfleid 
Sch and Row J V Smith. Beaconsfteid 
HS and Std: M L Taylor. Kings Sch. 
Canterbury and Trln: A TrtossL 
Cot leg lo Nazareno._Rome and Selw: J 


A M Wailbank. SI Edmund's CoD. 
Ware and Gtrton: S C White. 
Altrincham Co GUIs GS and Newn. 


Clan 3 : G Courtauld. Sherborne Sch 
‘ Eton and Pet 


wd Pemb: E M J Gibbs. I _ . 

L j Keep. Gocdanstoun and Rob. 
The following, who Is not a candidate 
for Honours, has been granted an 
allowance towards the Ordinary BA 
Decree: C E Starling. CUkUord Co 
Sch and Qu. 


Law Tripos Part la 

One 1* R Canavan. Coleraine HS. 
Derry and Caih: P K K Oita. Hwa 

D R Dale. Cunoh CofiancT EmnaMJ 
Dbs. St Bees S land Tr H: C A HotweU. 
Nottingham HS and Jes: H C Jenn. 
Richmond upon Thames God and Cla: 
C M McCahey- Howells Sch. Uandaff 
and Orton: T MumUya. Bradford 
Boys GS and Pet: G Robert Merchant 
Taylors S. Northwood and Emma: J D 
Russell. Oundle S and Pemb: A J 
Ryan. British S of Brussel and Down: 
D S Sinclair. King's Con S. Wimble- 
don and Cal: J A Veale. Ursultne 
Convent HS. Brentwood and Cone B 
M Ward. Nottingham HS and Flow: 
M A Wilkinson. Perse Boys S. 
Cambridge and Christ's: R Wood. 
Tudor Grange GS. sollhufl and Lucy 
CWCL Yee. Hwa Chong Jun Cod. 
Singapore and Down, 
ctm 2 dhrWon I: P J Allen. Artiukh 
Obis HS and Rob; S B Andrews. 
Beverley Girts HS and Jes: D j 
AshenhursL Clayesmore S. Btandford 
and Jes. T W Barber. Buxton Girls S 
and Cla: A M BeU. Bo] Ion S Girls Dlv 



Woodford Co HS and CaUi: L J 
Samuels. Hasmonean HS and CJa: D R| 
Sen. Presidency C. Calcutta and Chun 
F M Sinclair. Becket Upper S. 
Nottingham and Jes: J M Slater, 
owe* S r 


Ho 

IS 




Job: M L D 


ilthson. Leeds girls HS and Jes: S V 
perryn. Abbey. S Worcs 


BbumvUie Coll of FE. Birmingham 


and Lucy 
S and 
Tonbridge 


A B Spink. Sherborne 

• and Tr H; t n StewirtfUt 

o. Canterbury and Tr H : Z 

W Stone. Cheltenham Ladies C and 

: s 

1 and 


Down: E M Tall. Emesford ( 
and Community C. Coventry 
EC FTait, .Penang Free S,_ I 


Malaysia 
aybury C 


etw: N J Teuhoo. Halley bury 

and Calh: J^P Tew. Bristol GS ai 


Chun. 


Thomas. 


Yale 

jaSScSrp: 

Cath: 'D N Talley. ~ RusbStffe a *s! 
Nottingham -and . Girton.- ARC 
Teegear, Bnratwon S and Joh: R C 
Tyler. King Edward's S. Birmingham 
and Rob: A S VaWllngham Bristol GS 
and King's: W G Yandyck. 
Llpnlngharn^S and Pen A- P wade. 

— and CaL A E Walker. 
> and MagdrP E Walsh, 
ind cal: A J A Watson. 


coll and New H: G A Wilson. 

Araouzos. Lanitton Gymnasium. 
Limassol and Rob: A L After, mature 
atudoit and Job H L AshfleML St 
Bartholomews S. 



M Wesson. Ton bridge S and Tr H: LA 
Woodall. Abbey 8. Reading and Tr H 


dium set in the midst of seedy, 
unmade roads with their 
wind-blown garbage and rat- 
infested puddles, and discov- 
ered a people who survive 
their squalor with a calm and 
dignified fortitude. ■ 

I expected to return to nry 
car after a match and find it 
without wheels or radio and 
instead was surrounded by 
children begging autographs, 
for an anonymous wisp of the 
glamour which was briefly 
flickering across their city and 
their television screens - if 
they were not among the 30 
per cent without one. 

A young mother held for- 
ward her baby at the open car 
window. I did not undeistand 
the gesture until a small 
brother indicated she wanted 
.'me to kiss the child. So I did 
and there is still a lump in my 
throat as I look out from my 
29th-floor hotel window 
across this vast, smog-shroud- 
ed city of hopelessness. 

The World Cup can seem a 
monstrously false idol, espe- 
cially when 1SL, the marketing 
moguls, are giving a $1 mil- 
lion party for their advertising 
sponsor clients “in honour” of 
Dr Havelange, the president 
of FIFA “Let fizzy drinks and 
choking weed be unconfined 
by misety” might well be the 
slogan of a tournament which 
not one in a thousand of the 
locals could afford to attend. 



double 

vision 


By Simon Barnes 



And so the World Cop ends. 
Television, after a month of 
tyranny, has at last given as our 
evenings back. It has also given 
os a new hero: a spectacalaily 
ambiguous one* Only teJevisioa 
could make the dual nature of 
Diego Maradona so dear. 

In the old days, yon could have 
argued forever about his first 
goal against England. 
Maradona loyalists would have . 
said he headed it, Eng&sh 
jiugoists would have claimed it 



WORLD CUP TV 


The doctor with the winning prescription: Carlos BOardo is 
congratulated after Argentina’s triumph 
number of matches for each - deplorable, saved only by the 
country from three to two; charm and courtesy of minor 


which would be advantageous 
to the better teams and no 
help to the weaker, who 
should not be here, anyway. It 
is in the first round that the 
inconsequential match es-taave 
been played and to retain the 
existing system would be an 
inexcusable submission 'to fi- 
nancial interests We needed 
more of Denmark and less of 
South Korea. 

Michel Hidalgo, the retired 
manager of France, approves 
of the Italian idea. “We need 
to protect spectacle and justice 
and the present first round 
does neither," he says. There 
was nothing new in the style of 
teams here in Mexico, he 
adds, and the first round was 
dominated tty fear of the 
physical conditions more than 
of opponents. 

With an implied snub to 
Platini, Hidalgo considers that 
Maradona was the only genu- 


Sport helps make, and increas- 
ingly is for, millionaires. 

Maradona did a lot to make 

cSTSrSStaT&SSjSltr Leafing scorers 

frequent tension and drama 


and, predictably, someexpedi 
>o Iona 


ent dross; it went on too long, 
until some of the actors could 
longer remember their 


Oanca 


4 — P 


no 


^Argentina). 


ff ugei gnaE 

r jpahmaH^oStoM ffiaty); 
(Soviet Union); J Valdano 


Cecfenums 


gnsnfcJOIaeb 


Star (West Germany): J 
(Betaken): N Ctsesen (Bet- 
in (Denmark). 

(Argentina); V Scffo 
r (Brazil); -, 


Bunuchaga 
(Betaken): Socnrtc 

“ *W PapM (Franc*): M 


l.W A R S AiuL Legs & 


new: _R Auckland. 


Sheffield and _ _ 

Banner. Dufwicti CoH and Tr H; H 
BeO. Portsmouth HS and Trim 
Be DO, Gordonsloun and Joh: R 


Cambridge and Pemb: M J A 
Paul's S and Pet: M J C non 
Cheadte Huhne 8 and Magd: C M 
Beales. Perse Girts s, Cambridge and 
Pemb: D M Benton. Bradford Boys GS 
and con* M Biddle. Cried enbam G&- 
andPecTJ Hlrdsall. Bradford Bays 
“ 3 gv>. Bradford 


GS and ChriSTv J C Boyle. Bradford 
Boys GS and Trln: j G Barton. Leeds 
Girts HS and Pemb: R J Criurr house. 

and Trln: J 


Britton. Bradn&d Coa and I^J 


King's Cod Taunton 
Cleland. BeUnoni Acad. 


Ayr. and 


STSm ir cTif 

Newcastle under Lyme Girts S and I 
H: A R Chaplin. Lancing Coil and Hi 
H: D CoheiLTanbrktge and fes: P J 
ConskHne. CranJeigh and Cavendish 
Educ Consultants Cambridge and 
Girton: F J H Cunnlngriam. Lady 
Eleanor Holies S and Down: N C M 
Da Gama- Rose. KlJgrawoti Sch. Perth 
and Selw: L a Darnels. Sullivan Upper 
S. Holywood and Qu: S C Davey. 

I Shrewsbury HS and Sid: M A Dunn. 
Stony bur* COO and Magd: A V ElUoCL 
wyggeaon and Queen Elizabeth I 
SI 


N Campbell. Barnard Castle S and 
°° 

Cambridge: 8 S Chan. 

- dies cT 1 ■ 


King's: S C Cook. King Edward V S. 
... -- t,; t? r cousins. Si 


Norwich and Down 

George's 8. Swltzeriand and_ 

Crofts. Barnsley SFC and Sdw. 
“airtsrsHc 


Cummings. Oir 


Girton: 


Chdlenham Ladies C and Trim a p 
C hrisue. Oxford Urdv and Down: I 



and TTln: J O Daghllan. 1 
Aske-s Boys S. Dstree and Job: A 
Day. Sbonne S. Towcesier and Down; 


, Hasp S. Horsham 
llanTHaber dashers 


G J Downing King's S. Worcester and 
«m: S A Drever. Hull 


Bede's Comp S. Hedhin and Trtn: R 
Evans. Hutchesons GS. Glasgow and 


Joto W J «FWr 9 - i R|jJj 3 Wl 
JFIetcner. Manchester G™ 


and les: C M.BelL Hdrmdnd^la^. 


Belfast atvd_6etw:.C A Bern. Gins G . 
Parks! de. Cambridge and wotfS: K A 
Betts. Kendrick Sch. Reading and Jes: 
D A Blake. Headlands Sch. 
Bridlington and Cla: L R Birth. Lord 
Williams Sch.. Thame and Qu. c M 


Christ's: 

HS and Down: S C Godwin. SI 
Edward's S. Oxford and Rob: R G 
Goodrich km* S. Worcester and 
Orton: M J Grainger, Wolverhampton 
GS and Magd: R J Greene. Usraore 
comp S. Armagh and Joh: R C M 
Cwyn ■ williams^ Sevenoaks S and Pet 


Coker, cunon C and Selw: 

Coi lard. CoKuna Convent_CS- 
don and Qu: J E Cooke 
HS and Down: K A Coor 
Upper S. Holywood and 
Cunts. Newport Free ! — — ... — 
Walden and Trln: K M Dacha. 
Stony hurst C and Job: J E 



Newn: S A Drever. Hull Girls KS and 
Flizw; d J Drinkwaler. Falisworth S 
and Magd: W E Flckllng. ChlgweU S 
and King's: R E Flemming. Oxford HS 
and Trln: J R G_ Frith. Nottingham HS 
and 
and . . 

Warwick _ _ _ . 

Marlborough C and ChnsTs: D v 
Gibbs, sexeys S. Bruloo and Jes: B W 


Sid: H J Froratt. Pockflngton S 
New H: K E Furley. kWs HS. 
rwlck and Qu: C E dtions. 


HaDeybury and Down: 


GUchrtsL Sevenoaks S and^i^gd^ N 


Kelvbistde Acad. Glasgow j 
1 del Tufo. St Helen s S. 


Goode. S Hampstead HS and _ 
Gosling. Winchester C and Jes: S C 


■Hancock. FramUngham CoQ and 


Pemb: C Haskell. Kingsway-Prtnceton 
' town:. P G Helsqn. 


Aske's Boys Sch. Ehrree and Emma: J 
Brett. Magdalen Cou Sch. Oxford and 
Cal: A Brewts. Newcastle upon Tyne 
Central HS and CJIlu S J BrtstoU. 
King s HS. Warwick and Down: D J 
Brown. Magdalen CoD Sch. Oxford 
and Tr H: S Bulmer. FramweJlgale 
Moor Comp Sch. and Fitzw: D \ 
Bumskle. Haberdashers Aske's Boys 
Sch. Ehiree and Down: J M ~ 


Coll. London and Newn: . 

Trinity S. Croydon and Cal: S Ho. 
National junior C. Singapore and 
Trip: J T Hobday Stowe Sami Qu: 4 
G Hon-AUen: si tnwrars s. O 
and Corp: M W HoWngtiursL 


JS.L . 

S L Dobbyn. 

Convent GS. Croydon ami Qu: 
Druce. Region and Sid: M T E 
King Edward vi Girts. Camp Hoi ana 
Newn: P EUaby. West Park HS. St 
Helens and Tr H: r e lEHtotL Harrow 
and Jes: R C English. Mount s Mary's 
Convent S. Exeter and Cla: D L Evans. 
Monmouth S and Christ's: j S Tarry. 
'.Aske's 


Green. Long Rd SFC. Cambridge 
Oxford HS 


Haberdashers- Aske's ". Clrts. Etotree 
and Down; F T Mm. All Saints R C 


chant Taylors Bays S. Crosby and 
dorp: R M Hopklrk. Northampton 
Girls sand Calh: C H Johnson. Leeds 


Sch. Sheffield and Emma. J J Fe . 
Harvard Unlv. USA and Corp; T 


New H: H Grtbbtn. Oxford 

Down: B L M Griffiths. King's S. 
Canterbury and Joh: D N J Hampson. 
Archbishop Blanch SFC. Liverpool 
and Cla: P W M Harden. King's S. 
Chester and Trim J M Heal. Beacons- 
nekl HS and Newn: S F J Holland. 
Wl thing! on Girts s. Manchester and 
Newn: J E Hunter. Hymens C. Hull 
and Trtn: M a Israel. Untv con S. 
London and Joh: C M Jackson. 
Bradford Boys GS and Qu: K M 
" l Guildford 


Jackson. Charterhouse and 


Girts HS and Qu: H E Jones. Harare 
Cirts HS and Log- C: P A Jones. 
Epsom C and Cam: N Kabir. Holy 
Gross C. Bangladesh and Lansdowne 
Tutors. London and Cat A J S ‘ 


Fogarty. Wlnal GS and 
Forster. Epsom Coll — J 


Co S and Cto: A A Joseph, St^Brtd^i^ 


Ftaney. ' a ManrV SFC. EUacUium 
and Tr H: M S fVench. ftorefleld Co 
HS and Criun C P Fynn. Natal Unlv. 


Convent. Sri Lanka and New . . _ 

KUburn-Topptn. Alec Hunter HS. 
Braintree and Lucy C: A J T Knaps. 
Daniel Stewarts and Melville ColL 


Imberhorne Sch. East Grhislead and 
Cla: M D Chisholm. CuUdford RGS 
and SM: M F Condon. Doual sch and.. 
Tr H: J M Cowan. Leeds GS and 
Magd: □ Cox. Radcllffe Sch. Milton 
Keynes and Joh: M W J Cramb. si 
Peter's Sch. York and Emma: R J 
Daniel. Furze Plan Comp Sch and 
Chur: L M Davies. Merchant Taylors 
Girls Sch. Crosby and New H; J R 
Dewar. Ipswich Sch and std: C 
Donoghue. Si Paul's Girls S- Bir- 
mingham and Rob: J M Dye. Poston 
SFCT North watsham and Selw: K N 
Eavis. Prudhoe Co HS and Girton: D L 
Edwards. King's Sch. Chester and Per: 

M C S Edwards. Wolverhampton GS 
ana Cal: s El-Sakl- Harrow Sen and 
Corp; J □stein. Haberdashers Aske's 
Bovs Sen. Elstree and Caf: R Bg 


Uppingham Sch and Chi 
Woodhouse 


s A J S Kate. 
urSL Kina 
n and Selw: F 


South Africa and Qus -N 8 
" - - - 1- carton: ' 


J A Kuksar. St Benedina S. EaUno 
and Job; K Lee. Rutland SFC and 
ptzw: K l Lee. Sf Hilda's CoE HS. 
y verpoo l and Orton: H Y T LI. 
OteOroford Co HS and Newn: B 
Marsh Macdeaflekl and 

Selw D j MarshaU. Sprowston KS. 
Norwich and Newn: S W McLougriltn. 

S. camtH and cKrtSsFL J 
John LeggoU Con. Scim- 
UKKW arM^ Down: Tf Miller. King 
Edward VI s . Southampton and Trtn: 

Wellington CoU and 
<TBrim. Cardinal Newman 
S, Hove ang Fitzw: M M 
Sm« Joh; A J 
Parson^ Qiurston GS and Christ’s: M 


Horsforth S and- Carton; L J _ 
BramhaH HS and Cal: P S GOT. 

Liverpool and Down: A F GoMttaie. 

Haberdashers' Aske's. I 

Emma: A S GokDtwrp. 


Edinburoh_andjVhgd: C I Koh. Angto; 


Chinese Junior C. Singapore and 
- nb, K M A Ma. Raffles Junior C. 
_ re and Trtn: R A Matthews. 

l'» C. Finchley and G Irion; E 

Maude. Newcastle under Lyme S and 


SM: J L Outlrldge. Formby 
H: P J Han. Nottingham 


New l_. 

Fitzw: S A Hall. St Albans Or 
Newn: R Hanka. Prtse.S, 


gMCak J B Hams. Ta 



T1H.HP CMauk. Merchlst n n Castle 


arts% 


Felllngham. Guildford RGS and Cath: 
' P FobeL K “ ' * ' ' 


A P FobeL Hampton Sch and Joh: R H 
Ford, Abbey Sch. Reading and Sid: H 
M Forgatil Fella Coll and Pel: J M 
Fumlss. Lorerto Sch. Musselburgh 
and Pemb: A A Galatopcmlos. Christ's 


and Pemb: A A Galatopoulos. Christ's 
Coll. Finchley and Tr H: D J A 
Gailowai'. Glen almond and Magd: R 
O B Gardner. St Peters S. York and 
Emma: J H A Goodman. Stockport GS 
and Emma: A J Green. Roedean and 
Ou: E A KacketL Lincoln Christ’s 
Hosp S and Down: J S Hannah, 
wytttortdham CoU and Cal: P J 


Richards, king Edward — VI S. 
Southampton and Christ's: P 1 Rnb- 
HS-M M .O rton: C P 


ji: L M Harris. ColihMl S _ _ 

BGn 

Royal Acad and Joh: L D Herbertuon. 

Tr H: S S H Inge. FaigwfieW. Ch 
HS. Manchester and Trtn: K is 
Greenhead CoU. HuddersOeM 
New H: A M Johnson. Beaver HU S. 
Sheffield and Quit: I A Jones. 
Uppingham and Orton: S Kadri. sir 
Waller Si John's & London and. Trtn: 


. McCaautn- Bracorafteld 

Newn: R T -McHugh ."Si 

Joseph's Con v. Reading and New H: p 
F B McMahon. 51 Matochvs C. Belfast 
and Joh: R J MUea. NewrasOe upon 
Time RGS and Cal: B Nagrt. Nouing- 
— and Sid: s MNarkewtcz. 
C. USA and Emma: S J 


MLS 

Paine. Ki ng's 8 . Canterbury j 
Down: J R Porteous. Brenwood S 1 


Chur DC Race. Lincoln OirlsiV Hasp 
S and Calh: R RamlL Mmon Keynes 
C. and TTln: L J Retd. Wymondham C 

and Down: K_J RkchaMSOn. 


Richardson. St Tm Comp 8 8 lv« 


HS. HuddersneM 


R S Sheard. Lltdeover S. Oerbv and 
SM: Q Smith. _WeaM 


D R Katz. Amrierst C. USA and Job; N 
Kemp ton. Royal S. DuiwnnM ; 


Hardjb^ Ne w ea a lle upon Tyne RGS 


BnUn^hucrJ andJTrln; H E SI John 


- _ __ A Hartngion. SI Paurs Oris 
Sch and Joh: J A Hockaday ..Oxford 
HS and Tr H: T DC Hogan, 
winchester Cou and TT H: K A 
Houghton. Gateway SFC. Leicester 
and Job: D A Jaffa. Manchester GS 
and Girton: K A JafTey. Maynard S, 
Exeter and Std: L O Jones. King 
Edward vi SFC. Stourbridge and 
Down: K H Kaye. FrtuM S and Job: c 
L p Kennedy. Amptoforth CoU and 
ai: J M Kait.a nidi's Gins s and 
S CKneel. Bhmdena S and Rob; S 
t £•»???. h °s 5.S. Horsham 

c . m v Paurs Coed 

COU- Hong Kong and Rob: M Urn. 
CranleighS and Calh: c H LinfooL 
AJ£«jr OS and Trtn; j R Llewelyn, 
aty of Londonb Girts S and Down: D 
E LDn * s "r Christ's Ham S. 

Horsham and Down: J A Lord. Dame! 
Stewarts and MrtvlUe Coll. Edinburgh 
and Magd: C M Luckas. E^tTcSu 


Qw. 
and Flizw: K J 


CannrtJ S. Alderiey Edge 
Stanton, st maryH 
Newn: N C 


CorvenL Shaflesbury ami Newn- N C 

Steele- Williams. wimtnWonarisS; 

Manchester and Ftaw L D Str a t fo r d . 


Sir John Deane’s C. Northwirii and 
Newn: . 


. : J R-Thamosoo. Manchester GS 

and JotuM JTpata.Rupun c. Oxford 


and wotfifc EF Tremaine. Wycombe 
Abbey Sand. Cat DA .vicken. 


Warwick S and_Qu: N j RW arin^s t 


Paul's 5 and'fjsnb: K L 

John Leggott OoU Scunthorpe and 
Chur: D C WUItants. King W award's 

Clan *: J tA C CWa. Hwa Chong 
cotton, st Leonard's MayfieM s and apu Mega- 


Im: PJ Ladmore. AWngtkmS and 
Rob: N Lavender. Queen Ettzabeth 
CS. Wakefield and Corp; AT Lee. 
Rugby and, Down: P A. Leej»owne. 
Malvem C and Cto: A P LeOng. 
Wimbledon H&aiM Seivr. S R Levine. 
Hymen C. Hull and Emma: JM LL St 

^.SS-nBTWW tAuSS 
.^wSnfR Am 

CoH and Trtn: N LoveU. 
U. USA and Down; F M 
Lowe. Epsom c and Newtu s J Luder. 

Bwton HS and Jes: ’G E McCtung, 
S BbhiTj S 

a Mldiad's Conv CS. 
and Ctrton: M F McGovern. 
Sheffield and Flizw: A L 
Poynton CO 


and 

and New Hi A M IlS^J oT Brush 
Columbia and Joh: P R Rlmmer. 
Watford Cirri CS and Joh: I D Rose. 
Mercfiriton Castle S and Rob: A K 
RuMn. Haberdashers Aske Boys S. 
Elstree and Trln: A N Sarwar. 
Aitchison and Davies's C. London and 
Pemb; J M E Saunders. Winchester C 
and Emma: R l Shayiekov. waifbrd 
Boys CS and Down: S J Thomas. 
Cheney S. Oxford and Jes: P Travers. 
» Patrick's C. Belfast and Queens U, 
Belfast and Calh: T E Upton. 


Wimbledon HS and Ou: J fl Waller. 
John LeggoU CoU. Scunthorpe and 
Down: D A R Waitoa. s tinman C. 


rantboroi gig ng Trini E M Wintams. 


Bradford < 5 rts S and TrKCSR 
Williams. Fested S and Qie K R Wood. 
SI Bartholomew^ s Newbury and Ou 


bfcLaucwa.' 


and Chur: 


Swd 
Adams GS. 


and FItzw: K M C Lye. Hwa Chgi^ 


Junior Coll. Singapore and Pemb; 
renant 


S. 


Lyon, merchant Taylors 
Northwood and Down: J D G 
Mann ing F or estSLondon and Pemb: 
P J Mansfield. Bishops stonford GoU 
and Rob: S H Marsden. Leeds HS and 
Jes: J E Marsh. Magdalen Coll S. 
Brackley and Coro: E Matthews. 
Clifford S and Jes: E L May. Howeus 
S. Uandaff and Gorton: J A McCtoan. 
Campbell GoU. Belfast and Pemb: A 
McCoigan. Thornhill Con, London- 
derry and Trtn: I J McDonald. King's 


Harrogate and Down: E T Cerithorpe. 
Nottingham HS and Down: R J 
Knight. Plymouth C and Magd: A M 


Pins. Cardinal Newman S awl Ox S 
M Tracey Phillips. Amman VaBey 


... Tracey Phillips. Amman 
Comp S. Ammanford and Tr H. 


Merwani. Wycombe Abb^S and SkL 


STM Merrick. Judd S and Down: E A 
V Mtmman. si Paul's Gina S and 
Pel: S E Moore. Norwich Cuts HS and 
Coro: T W Morri&h. Leeds GS and Qu: 


R J Niceile. Haywards Heath SFG ami 
IttioBon. St .Ambrose Call. 


Qu: A J Nlrii 
Altrincham ax.. 
Boys OS and 


Krtinham and Qu: P ft Noblei. Bury 
Emir - - -• 


nma: 8 J> Norris. 


George Long Prize for Roman Law 
has been awgroed to: M J EUK. SI 
BM SGI and Tr H. 

The ECS Wade Prize for Constitu- 
tional Law nas been awarded to: H C 
Jenn. Richmond upon Thames C and 
Cla. 

The MaxweU Law Prize has been 
awaided lO: M J ESUs. St Bom Sen 
ana Tr H. 

Law Tripos Part IB 

and Down: D P BennetL Gtena&nond 
C and Pemb: N Bhatia. aty or London 
Girls S and Corn: s M Biddle. St 
Swithiin^ S and TT H: S J Bryan. 
ArnoM i Blackpool and Magd: I S 
Carson. Bailey Boys GS and now: J 


WHto5S. C S 10 Gaos c D Moore. Il 
and taS/<*r* wr1, Brigh ton Hove 

MKSSSKSAHS 

John NeUhoroe aiw « 5 iSs?iw-m 

asstSasw 

London S.^jbh _Pet g q Owram. 




ftWteoi. criiwp^-g Sw n 

R 5f d Uig and Girton: 

P™rT’clmpS3| S 0«?. *and 

Pemb: S L Porter. Lady Beanor 
Houes-S. and Cla: NJT PriteSiS 
Shrewsbury S and Ftw L D Puri. 
New.cou. Oxford and Jqh: r h Reed. 
Leeds gg« HS and Clfc A J ReynOkK, 

mi ou iSHpp a S£t&± m iZx£ 


ctm Jfe J N BeU. 'Prioi 1 Purmtove C 
and Trln: V F Braverman. •Minder 
Portman Woodward. London and 
New H: R P G Crewsdon. Harrow 8 
ajjdTHA:.H M Ho^le. High Wycombe 
graanp MagdTj E l Hyman. St 
Paul's S and atria's: M O B H 
Kelleher. Vienna International S and 
Tr H: D J Lamb. Nottingham Gins KS 
and Joh: L McAuJay. Einonydd Co 
Sec S. Porthmadog and Selw-. R J T 
Momsrey. Trinity Coll. Dublin and 
Magd; S J N Rowe. PenwltiiSFC and 
Trtn: R J Springnem. Queens VJ. 
Gtuarto and Down: R E Stevenson. 
Richmond C and Lucy C: G ft Sutter. 
IT of British Columbia and Magd: p H 
S -Tong. Yale u and Corp 
Declared to have deserved Honours P 
A Mastriforte. Eton and Pemb:. If 
Strong. Tonbrtdqe Girts GS and 
carton.- n R Wnghtson. FramwHlgaie 
Moor Comp S. Durham and JOh. 
Granted an allowance towards the 
Ordinary BA Degree: K M Cox. 
Arizona State LI and Down, 
ell The ‘ following, who is not a 
candidate tor honours, has satisfied 
the Examiners, w Krohn. U of 
Heidelberg and Cath. 


The David Gouteb prize Is awarded 
10- D N Lees. Branth; ~ 


The George Long Prize for I 
Law B awarded tobilly to; A J 


all HS and Girton-. 

Roman 


Beltrami, stonyhirst C and Down and 
a.. WyggesUxi and 




C Kara. _ 

Ellzabefh l Cotl. Leicester and 
The Clive parry pure for Inter- 
naltonal Law to awarded - to.- A J 
BaMrantt. stomdiuret-cou and Down. 
The C J Hamson Prffe for Contract to 
awarded to: J S ShaHeross. Btshoo 
Wordsworth S and Magd. 


lines, but on balance it was 
better than four years ago. 

Too much of the perfor- 
mance level was average, as it 
will always be while negative 
thinking predominates. The ouavr. i Vamncht* (Sovwt union); r 
heat, especially, and the alti- ^"“vispawhKAfliAsottBstGennaiy). 
tude, and here and there 


fc ff ranee): F Marta 


(Morocco); J 


simply age, militated against 
the imaginative; against Den- 
mark and France. The -Rus- 
sians wiD. still, be trying to 
work out their unexpected 
demise. 

The Italians, the holders of 
the trophy, who sank without 
trace, are likely to propose to 
FIFA, as the next hosts, a new 
format for 1990, and certainly 
we can do without the loga- 
rithms of those contrived 
third-place qualifiers of no 
distinction. The Italian sug- 
gestion is for eight first-round 
groups of three, instead of six 
groups of four, with the first 
two qualifying for a knockout 
second round, as this time, of 
16. This would reduce the 
overall matches from 52 to 40 
and the competition by up to a 
week. 

The altered first round 
would reduce the minimum 


ine star, if we are judging by 
the standard of former years. ■ 
And, wisely, he would play 
additional matches on the day - 
of the opening game to help 
reduce the time scale. 

Whether FIFA will be wise 
must be doubted. They are 
hooked on a profit motive, 
though on whose behalf is not 
always certain. I would not 
rely on any accounts pub- 
lished for 1986 by the televi- 
sion-dominated organizers. It 
is being claimed that crowds 
are substantially up on 1982; 
but hundreds of thousands 
have been let in free, many, I 
may say, with fictional accred- 
itations, into the Press boxes. 

. Our ranks on Sunday were 
swollen, so to speak, by a bevy 
of expectant mothers and 


Mexican assistants on whom 
responsibility could not be 
pinned. 

Countries knocked out in 
the first round are expecting 
around £400,000 from three 
matches and proportionally 
more thereafter. It would be 
naive to believe that all the 
millions of dollars which have 
passed through the competi- 
tion will become evident on 
the balance sheet. 

One set of figures there for 
all to read unmistakably is 
Argentina's: played 7, won 6. 
drawn 1, goals 14-5 and all 
within 90 minutes. They 
proved themselves to possess 
all-round competence 

If their defence had mo- 
ments of indecision, they had 
the individual speed to make 
up for it. Jf.tbey were threat- 
ened, as they were by England 
and West Germany in the last 
20 minutes, they were capable 
of acceleration. They -looked 
in real trouble when Voller 
equalized but immediately 
contrived a spectacular win- 
ner Maradona to Bumichaga, 
the revelation of the final. . 

Germany, with no. more, 
than a characteristically disci= 
plined side.' encountered an ' 
old troth: there is little answer 
to excellence. Matthaus may 
have successfully reduced 
Maradona's effectiveness but 
in doing so eliminated himself 
from the function of his own 
team, so that Germany sacri- 
ficed midfield mobility. At the 
same time Maradona, from 
deep positions, was able to 
exploit the spaces created for 
others, notably Bumichaga. 
Valdano and Enrique, with 
stunningly timed passes. 
Beckenbauer's solution 
worked but didn't work. 

What we had, in compari- 
son with finals in the era of 
modern tactics, was a match 
more memorable, in my opin- 
ion. than 1962 or 1982, as 
eventful as 1966 and 1978 
and inferior in quality only to 
1970 and 1074. The openness 
of play owed much to the 
vigilance of the referee. There, 
perhaps, was the loudest of 
signals for FIFA; that compe- 
tition between the world's best 
teams has no room for gco- 


was haodbalL Mo-one would 
have known for certain except 
Maradona and Shilton, and yon . 
know what they would hare said: 

Even the people watching in. 
the stadium Would not be sure. 
And ur the Stone Age of 
television, the misty black and ■ 
white replays would only have 
given both shies a noisier case to 
argue. But modem television, 
the all-seeing eye, the eye with . 
360 degree vision, will permit ho 
ambiguity. The extent _ of 
television's technology makes - 
watching in the stadium, with 
fleeting and distant glimpses ti _ 
flying bodies, a- wholly outmoded ‘ 
tool for the dose analysis of 
indhidnal incidents. 

Television, hecanse of its ruth- 
lessly dear sight, insists on . 
giving ns both Maradona the 
cheat and Maradona the hero. 
His second goal against England 
was a wonder of wonders.- Per- . 
haps it was the most astonishing 
goal ever seen by a billion global- 
villagers all at once. What is. 
more, it was a goal that- got- 
better every time we saw it. 
Where both mountainous skills 
and cheating are concerned, we 
no longer need to rely on eye 
witnesses. 

Television giveth and Tele- 
vision taketh away. I remember . 
one little cameo that televisioir 
■ caught perfectly: Maradona, 
b u rs ti ng through fl tackle, 
slightly off balance, and looking 
for the ball before deciding 
whether to stay on his feet or to 
collapse in terrible sbot-in-tbe- 
back agony. In a stadium, maybe 
a couple of hundred people 
would been in the right place to 
catch that moment. With tele- 
vision, a billion saw it. Tele- 
vision reveals Maradona's 
□legal persecution at the elbows - 
and feet of the likes of Fenwick. 
With eqnal clarity, it reveals 
Maradona's deliberate tumbles 
over'his (adder's teg — and of 
course, his hand-ball goal. 

Television has laid bare both ". 
his brilliance and his dodgy, 
streak. The enduring memory of 
the World Cap will be his 
ambiguous performance against 
England: uot for patriotic rea- 
sons. but because his two goals, 
sees again and again, from 360 
. different angles, made dear the 
two sides of his footballing 
nature. He is a man with a divine 
left foot, but also the man who 
scores with what his modesty 
describes as “the hand of God", 
Television has made the 
World Cop the strutting. Moated 
monster it is today. But it is 
television, not football, Hwt 
holds die key to power. Tele- 
vision is bigger than the occa- 
sion and bigger than any of the 
parti cipants. It is not a medium 
with which you can tnkg lib- 
erties. Maradona tried: the 
world saw. Television can reveal 
a man's genius, and an instant 
later, torn him into the globsd- 
riUage Idiot. Television makes 
surethe world is watching —and 
waiting to pounce. Sporting 
heroes can no longer get away 
with a thing. 


World Cop details 

The Final 
At Azteca Stadium 
Argentina (J ) 3 West Germany (0) 2 


Rummi 


Brown 
Valdano 

Burruchaga 114. 800 

TWrd-place play-off ' 

At Puebla 

countless children. The orga- graphically appointed, poiiti- i^r Mm tkne,- 2 ^ a^gominP * 

nization of Press facilities, as caMy acceptable referees. Fem Z!i??S£l 

of much rise, has often been Filho, was, simply, the best . 30.000 


Atnoros 


HOCKEY 


England gain respect 
from top countries 


By Sydney Frisian 


r* 


Graham Nash, the English 
umpire who controlled the fife- 
match' series between The 
Netherlands and Pakistan, be- 
lieves England can tackle these 
strong teams without fear in 
their grasp for the World Cap in 
London from October 4 to 19. 

“As good as they are. there is 
nothing in their tactics and 
teduuqne with which England 
cannot cope," he sakl in Amster- 
dam on Sunday after Pakistan, 
the world and Olympic cham- 
pions beat the Dutch 1-0 to level 
the series at two matches ail, 
with one drawn. 

“Pakistan have Improved 
steadily." be said, “but they 
have quite a few inexperienced 
players. Shahbaz Ahmed, 

18, is a resourceful inside 
ward, but before the European 
tour he had never played in an 
international match." 

Pakistan nsed their wing for- 
wards to good effect, according 
to Nash. John Potter, the most 
likely choke for England at 
right half, should have a strain- 
ous tunc marking ' Was ins 
Feroze, who created a a umber of 
opportunities from outside left 
for Hassan Sardar, the erratic 
centre forward. 

Brigadier Astaraf Chaudbri, 
the Pakistan manager, regards 
England as the most serious 
threat to Pakistan in the group, 
basing his judgement on the 
Champions Trophy tournament 
in Karachi last April when 13 of 
the 16 squad playing for Great 

' r 


Britain were from En ghmt 
“The weather is likely to be cold 
and damp, which will sait 
England," be said. “We need 
some heat in oar systems to 
work weft." 

Although Britain have drawn 
their last three matches with 


Pakistan, England have yet to 
Their best 


win in four matches. 

result was a 2-2 draw in the 1973 

World Cup tournament in 
Amsterdam, though The Neth- 
erlands were beaten 3-2 in Am- 
sterdam last year. ’ Nash's 
opintos of the Dutch is that their 
present period of experimenta- 
tion, under their new coach, 
Franz Spits, fans not given their 

game fl proper flow. 1 ms Krnize, 
now almost a veteran, is still 
impassable in deep defence and 
Tom van't Hek reinforced the 
middle. Frank Leistra.wbo took 
over as goalkeeper after Lex Bos 
broke a finger, did well, al- 
though Nash is unhappy with 
the way be lies down when 
saving shots at short corners. 
Nash regards Bart van Kers- 
bergen, the Dutch left back, as a 
player of high promise. 

Pakistan now play two 
matches in Germany and three 
more in the Soviet Union, mak- 
ing 17 when their European (our 
ends. The team for the World 
Cap wilt be selected next month 
and put into a training camp 
before going on to Seoul for the 
Asian Games in September. 
They could be a little leg weary 
by the time they reach London. 


YACHTING 


Triangle cruise whets 
appetite for classics 


By Barry Pkk thall 

Yachting Monthly’s two-week won the double sculls award for 
triangle cruiser race, which fin- om-standing muscle power after 
ished in Torquay at the week- rowing when the wind faded, 
end. proved an unprecedented Among others to be equally 
success, according to many rewarded for iheir perseverance 
among the 44 two-man crews was the crew of Dan Boy' who 
who completed the 620-mile reached Torquay on Saturday 
course. The British magazine ' 10 minutes before the prize- 
now plans to hold a similar giving, having taken 48 hours to 
event in two years’ time. cover the final 10 miles. 


The three-stage course from 
Torbay to Treguier in Brittany. 


y^inneroftbe three-boat team 

across' the Western Approaches Jr-hri n .^ c 

to Crosshaven. Ireland and back vas, ® nist « 

to Torbay was planned more as rvmoa^ ma *L e 

a competitive cruise than a race. SPSPff {£,V 2 r J 1,,n § 0 ?V Sam “ 
buL although the first 100-mile wh Up*i»ru 

staee omvided an easv intraduo. °” Strong challenges 

irom other equally ftamboy- 


stage provided an easy introduce 
lion, the adverse conditions 
experienced during the two 
subsequent forced 25 10 pull 
ouL 

However, those that did man- 
age to weather the gales gained 
such a sense or achievement that 
many cannot wait to try their 
band again in this and other 
endurance events such as the 
Royal Western Yacht Club's 
Round Britain and Trans- 
atlantic Classics. 


amly named teams as Odds and 
Sods. BOOBS (more mistakes 
than anyone else) and Moody 
Contest's First Knight, an 
amalgam of die three cruisers' 
makes and names. 


• Harry Harkhno and Michaela 
koskull the Finns, were first to 
finish among the Class Three 
entries in the Carlsberg Trans- 
atlantic race yesterday, Bel- 
mont. their 50-foot monohull. 

n New P°n line in 
22 days ! hr 9 mm. 

>.uiiauiinx ■.jimngvvn, UK 

Ipswich-bosed former One-ton SSsecrZ, Gotfin. 

Cup challenger, but most «£?? AJSPBJSBfUff 

romjKUtilon were sailing stan- 


The overall winner was Roger 
Bryan and Martin Yves in 
Constance of Lymingion. the 


dard production cruisers, 
including John Oakeiey and his 
son. Robert, who earned second 
place - in their Freedom 35 
Freedom Flight These two also 


Homcantroe. ~ 


plrit. 36^9:30: Y. 


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}DAY JULY I 1986 


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R ACING: FIRM FAST G O ING AT YARMOUTH WILL SUIT THE ONCE BACKWARD COLT 

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his German 


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over a mile and three quarters 

JSn^i^viSS S^? 51 rac, W around Norfolk 
2d^SiSiJ?IE >utir J >d *y' seas«<ie track. Blushing Spy is 
SnJSwhSL^y 0 !!- *?? s,mflarf y penalized for ire- 

fSwS ^ “ nt win bul his nam w 

/P^hard-pordon, his victory at Pontefract a week 


Newmarket-based trainer. 

Too backward to be trained 
seriously as a two-year-old, 
this big rangy German-bred 
coll feas just begun to reap the 
benefit of. that patient ap- 
prtracfi. After educational 
race' at- Nottingham and 


cent win but his narrow 
victory at Pontefract a week 
ago did not cany die 
conviction in my books as 
Majestician at York. 

Countless Countess is an-, 
other who stays well but her 
best form is on soft ground. At 
Haydock last time out she was 
well beaten by Agathist who is 


rr , j- . 1 .;- “]^. — , . — ” wcu uwira uj Agamisi wno is 

!r. a SlS^u Majesnaan be^an a stable companion of my nap 

50 Pritcbai^Goidon must 
but a. TQrlom hope when he know where he stands. 


finished second in his third 
race at Catterick to Plymouth 
Hoe. Although, he was beaten 
by four lengths, iL was still a 
marked step up on anything 
he has achieved before and at 
least he made the frame. 

That run was then followed 
by an even better performance 
at York where he ran away 
with . a ‘ race over two miles 
confined to maidens. If beat- 
ing El Conquistador by. four, 
lengths at die time did not 
look particularly special in 
some people's eyes it certainly 
brightened a few days fcuter 
when . his victim ran ' well 
although unplaced . in ' the 
Queen's Vase at Royal Ascot 

Above all else, what that 
race proved beyond question 
was that Majestician stays 
really well and that be can give 
of his test on firm festground. 
He should be in his element 


so Pritchaid-Gordon must 
know where he stands. 

Both Pat Eddery and Steve 
Cauthen, the season's most 
successful riders so far, will be 
at Yarmouth and both should 
be rewarded: Eddery with a 
winning ride on Lashing 
(2. 1 5): Cauthen by winning on 
Flnttery (4.45). 

Lashing, who is my selec- 
tion to win the EBF Fillies 
Maiden Stakes ran with a lot 
of credit first time out at 
Newmarket when she finished 
third behind that smart filly 
Naturally Fresh. I just give her 
the edge over Mists of Avalon, 
a well bred newcomer from 
Henry Cecil's huge yard which 
is just starting to send out two- 
year-old winners left, right and 
centre. 

No matter how .he feres on 
Mists of Avalon. Cauthen can 
win the Tote Place Only 
Maiden Fillies Stakes for 
Geoff Wragg on Fluttery who 


this afternoon stretching out caught my eye at Newbury in 




id to- firm - 
numbers best 


2.15 EBF FILLIES' MAIDEN STAKES (2-y-o: £1.374: 6f) (9 runners) 

1 ' 4 BE CHEERFUL (T Waterman) J Winter S-11 ! WRSMtabom2 

2 Off CHURCWtL LADY (L Wssi&urWE aSJrS-U AHadojpS 

7. 3 LASHMQ (USA) (SfiafcJi Motetrmnod) L Curort 8-1 1 PMEddnyB 

10' ■ IRSTS OF AVALON (USA) (S Ntarchos) H Cad 8-11 * SCauftnS 

11 PBJ^fUaUffihsMMcMniinedJLCkaiiania-ll ROuaAB 

13 - . . ROMAN BBlEjLoid Dertqi) G Pritchard-GofiJon Ml GDuHWdl 

16 - ST WENDRH)(fWc Cation) D mom 8-11 G Seaton 3 

17 ' . STYLBH GRL{EHoWncj)LPiqgott8-11_ u Ttee»* 

18 THYNOVA (Mrs A Alan} G Pm^^GoOtoaB-11 Dominic Ganon 7 

- W Mistt Of Avalon. 7-4 Lashing. 5-1 Be CnaartuL 11-2 StySah Girt. 10-1 Rolf. 

FORM: BE CHEERFUL ffl-11) 2*l«h to MIManh «-t n htm (ST. CII 81 . good to*Tr^ 
June 11. BTan^CHURCHILL LADY ffi- 11 ) wuriacedheMnd Tiy The Duchess (8-11) at 

mgStowS. wi).^ B»«(a«4»l^otflbehwAaturaW 

FrasfrfS-l) at Nawmaricat (5f, £3210. good eoflmr. May Sty. 

Sdeeapn: CAGHMG . 


. WRSMfe*om2 

AMadoyS 

Pot Eddery 9 

SCsuBmrS 

R Quest 8 

GDutMdl 

G Sexton 3 

Tines* 

DomfcGfesonr 


to Am. May t 


Yarmonth selections 

-l -• • I ,' * , ' ^ By^Mandarin 

2.15 Lashing. Z45 Nation’s Song, 3-15 Lyric Way. 3.45 Geordies 
Delight. 4.15 MAJESnCLLN-fnap). 4.45 Fluttery. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
Z 1 5 LashingTl.45 Sweet Piccolo. 3. 15 Chicago Bid. 3.45Swimmer. 
415 Majestician. 4.45 Flattery. - ' 

: ; \ By Michael Seely 

3.45 First Dibk 4 J5 MAJESTICIAN (uapj: ..y 

2.45 BET WTTH Tiff TOTE SELLING STAKES (2-y-o: £650: 5f 25yd) 

(7) 

2 M1822 NATTOWS SOHO (B) (Nation Wde Racing) H Shtobs ^ .. n || |< _ n . 


. usiw * '8-13JHhmmi(5|4 

4 . ° rf — Ww Cfl x 

7 a swer ptccoio ( aai M ute) g ^w- 

9 000 IRS8 DRUMMOND P) (S Munsy-Gtten) N TMder B-8- — ^_KtaTWdar7 

Evans Nation's Song. 2-1 Roan Reef, 9-2 Sordid As A Found. Cwaor Pfccd o. 10- 
Bage Wizard, MWs Drummond. 20-1 Budshead. 


TCoBege Wizard. MWs Drummond, 20-t Budshead. 

Havdock (Sf.21450. ooodto wm. June7. 11 ra 
ROAN REEF (3-1 l)4Si3r ‘ 

June 23. 8 ran i _ . . __ . , 

Pon»fract{5t. £978. firm. Jime23l 
0) ai Leicester (51. E178*. flood to Am, May 271 
Selection: NA 

3.15 TOTE CREDIT HANDICAP (£2^36: 7f) (9) 

■ ....u IP If ..I D m. J 


to Knoekshairy (M)« 
■ 1 M .1 on* to Groan's 


”i tssi 

I won twm*- KATtE f^O (N Cawtoorne) D Larte 4^13 

12 OUAUTAM WHO £*»»» HoisteJ £ Stone 34-11 (6ex) jH Th^I* 

s W !BSBaK^SS5SW£^3^===^2jNSSaj 

■ ^u^ewcago Bid. 7-2 Lync Way. «-i Hopeful Katie, 9-2 Quafitair King. 6-t 
Highly Placed. 7-1 kteotogis. 12-1 otfws. 

--asWESSfisl^WSSM 

June! 1 . 19 ran). SffK» dwria»WJGWi(a^^ PU«» (8-1) 4341 to Wtwfing Words 


^^5^ » ^““Sijr^SS^S^IrSi &Sm&)X CartWa t«C £1825. good 


JTAIRKB 
; June 14. 1 
ion: CHICAGO 


arwwwt w**™ — - 

US TOTE PmCEPOT HANDICAP (£3.152: 1m Zf) (91 

1 3S!w! 

I ^ SESS^l! 


’ P Robinson 8 
ML Thome* 7 


Georgia s DahUhL 11^ Swmvner, S-1 Black Comedy. 8-1 Mm 
FORK SWIMMER. n ^ggg ^ftSffiSE^lHnHwajsSJjj^WMt^SwBSS 

srrssmSScSH! Sim 


SSSorhcast 6, n 

2 Q021 MAJESTietAN(QER)(^ MWlffi ^ Prtttft ^ < Sio5e0 0 “^I 

3 . 00« RLUBHlllO tfY T N ea 2 

r.cs i 

‘ID'S® ^ ^CourtieacCour^^lAnJ Princwe. 8- 

FORM- MAJESnOAN^j"^ 

0220. good U !irv»rofirrru Jo™ 24. 9 


£8268. Am. June 1 7.9 ran V 
mcited Btockade (102) * 


’l 061 . 



1m 2 >(16) , *cn^j^g^fi R ^Ss3SrsSSSf 
1 ■-* 

I-, j ssSStog j BS«sss"-^:assi 

18 o MSS KOLA < USA i, < M icra5Sddr) WMusson ^ wh££ 15 

ft MB 

■a £%£■ SHUJUR (USWJ»{^^SSd 8 - n -- j R HHS 3 

^SfeSSSa*^ 




■4^-. -***■• - r^ : ^ 




M3I Plantation, mount of Steve Cauthen in today*s Tote Placepot Handicap at Yarmouth. 


April when she finished third 
behind Argon Laser. 

Lyric Way is taken to win 
the Tote Credit Handicap 
following that game perfor- 
mance at Brighton a week ago 
when he gave a stone and a 
short bead beating to Sahara 
Shadow. 

An across-th e-country 
training double for Lester 
Piggott is on the cards with 
Geordies Delight fancied to 
defy a penalty for winning at 
Pontefract a week ago in the 
Tote Placepot Handicap at 
Yarmouth a quarter of an 
hour before his stable com- 
panion Tough TV Gentle con- 
tests the EBF Westernhanger 
Stakes at Folkestone where 
Naatell will start at short odds 
to land his hat-trick in the 
Smeeth Stakes having already 
won at Beverley and Redcar. . 

Easy for 
Eddery on 
Divine 
Destiny 

Jeremy Tree and Pat Eddery 
continued their winning ways 
when Divine Destiny landed the 
Cofwick Hall Maiden Stakes at 
Nottingham yesterday. The filly 
was sent into the lead from the 
start and came home a comfort- 
able winner. 

- Pat Eddery, riding with hands 
and heels, pushed our Khaled 
Abdulla's American-bred filly 
from the two furlong marker 
and she crossed the fine with 
i three lengths to spare over 
Bedhead. Northern Society held 
| on for third place from L B 
I Laughs. Eddery went on to ride 
a treble on Battleaxe in the 
| Ginger Tom Maiden Stakes for 
James Toller and on Un Bel Di 
in the Starting Gate Maiden 
1 Stakes for Olivier Douicb. 

David McHargue, the clerk of 
1 ihe course at Edinburgh, blamed 
, the handful of runners at Edin- 
| burgh this afternoon on the way 
he had framed the races. 

“It is my fault and ft would 
1 have been much better ro have 
bad five and six furlong races lo 
! attract the northern horses.” be 
explained. 

Four horses trained in New- 
market won oq the track, and 
one from Sussex. The most 
northern trained horse to win 
was Fives Sixes, trained at 
Malton in Yorkshire. 

Garnet, who made the trip 
from Newmarket beat 
I Mazurkanova by an effortless 
four lengths in the Isle of May 
j Maiden Fillies Stakes. 

George Duffield completed a 
treble on Bickerman and One 
For Mark, for Mark Prescort. 
and Chummy's Own for Neville 
Callaghan. This takes Duffield's 
number of winners for the 
season to 38. 

David McHargue confirmed 
that the first meeting for the new 
National Hunt course at Edin- 
burgh will take place on January 
5th next year. 

• Dancing Brave is the 4-6 
favourite with Corals for the 
Eclipse Stakes at Sandown Park 
on Saturday. Other prices: 5-1 
Teleprompter, 6-1 Triptych, 6-1 
Bedtime, and 12-1 Bold 
Arrangement. 

Notting ham results 

Going: Am 

2A(im) 1. SURPRISE GALLMI BWl 8- 
jv Z Lmidn-Tyepkin fft H Swmtjom, 
13-8 lav* 3jCTwiy Lustra CT ra.10-1). 
ALSO RAN: S Atromtos (Sib). B Httnw 
M W Taxi Man, Capncom Blue (4th). 
20 Great Topic, Taka A Break. 26 
Mahabad. 33 WSwood. Eastern Player. 

gl!5„K , ST*.W 

[gewhu at Grata Habtort. Tota: ESjjO: 


Newnes aiming to get 
back among winners 


Billy Newnes, the 26-year* 
old-jockey who was banned from 
race riding for three years, 
returns to the saddle today at 
Folkestone (Christopher 
Goa U1 mg writes). Newnes had 
fits riding licence taken away 
because be accepted a £ 1,000 
bribe from the gambler Harry 
Bardsley in connection with the 
gelding Valuable Witness. 
Bardsley was warned off for IS 
years. The Jockey Chib reduced 
Newnes's ban by six months. 

Newnes has Men attached, to 
Henry Candy's stable since he 
came into racing. He served Ids 
apprenticeship with Candy and 
later became the stable jockey. 
Newnes rode Ms biggest winner 
for Candy on Time Charter 


when they won the 1982 Epsom 
Oaks. Candy has stood by his 
jockey all the time and win give 
him all the help needed to get 
him back among the 
winners.Today, Newnes has two 
booked rides at 
Folkestone 
Chardonnay in 
the first race for 
Ray Iaing, and 
Derby Day in the 
last for Darid 
Wilson. Many 
'other trainers 
have exp 
theft desire 
put up Newnes in NewnesTook 
the near future. bribe 


Going: firm 

Draw: 5f-6f, low numbers best 

2.0 MAIDSTONE HANDICAP (3-y-o: £1,398; 7f) (16 runners) 

2 (M31- CAFE NOntCJtp Johnson) RJWMsrs 9-7 R Cochrane 13 

3 003-380 ARE YOUGUILtY{T R amsden] M Ryan 87. Pwt E ddwyZ 

5 00-000 BLUE SRS4JANT fflt (A Sheadi B HSl 93 — BTJmowoo? 


0131- CAFE NOntCJtp Johnson) RJ WMsns 9-7 I 

003-380 ARE YOU GULTYfr Ramsden) MRyan 9-7. 

_ 00-000 BLUE BRBJJAKT (B) (A Sheatfj B Hm 9-3 — 

8 000-000 SEQUESTRATOR (G Nun) WMnson 9-2 

9 000 JAAZIELU Guest) DMurra^AnWiB-T 

10 MWO CHARDONNAY (C Wncfrt} D Lstog 9-1 

12 004 CHARCOAL (B) (8 Scftritt-Bodrai) K Brassey M 

14 0004) LEMDICd Sir P BengnicM N Gasflte 8-10 

15 000 BE SO BOLD fladv Scott h Smyth 8-10 

16 004 BELLEPHERONfMre S Khsn)G Lew 8-10 

17 000 MTOAOTNEW Holden) WHokton 8* 

20 001400 DRESS IN SFRMGlSpnng Dresses) BBtumOe — 

24 04)0000 BALMEW U CteilO P Butter 8-0 

25 OOOOQO- OM REMEDY UMcNUMD Date 7-1 1 

26 00004)0 SPLENM) P4AGH0UA fB) (Mrs A DourtS Dow 7-11 

27 4404)00 THAI SKY (Mrs R Tanq) Pat Mttchel7*o 


- U Wighan 9 

JMdS 

_ W drams 8 
S Whitworth 1 
N Hows 10 
C Rotter ©15 


27 4404)00 THA)8KY(MrsRTmg)PstMltchel7- 
3-1 Blue BrtSam. 4-1 Cafe Nter. 11-2 Bei 
ChoicooL 10-1 JMztoL 12-1 Qiantonnsy. 14-1 La 


PWalthonS 

RCurw414 

D McKay 4 

A Proud II 

G Didda 16 

-11 T W si n eS 

L Rlggio (7) 12 

7-1 Are You GuOty. 9-1 
nseator. 16-1 others. 


230 SMEETH STAKES (3-y-o: £717: 1m 2f) (7) 

2 11 NAATEll (USA) (Shefth Mohammed) H Cecil 9*. r- TT WR » gf 

8 000- CLOUD CHASER <TJohnsey]W Brooks 94) L j ohnwnfm g 

13 222-00 U AM (J_F rsher) M Ryan 94) _ . . _ ■■-■ RC*J»»3 

4-43 NastsL 3-1 Banque Prtvee. 5-1 Liam, 20-1 Quarterttesh, 2S-1 Cloud Chaser. 
50-1 Musket Wet Cleveland Bond. 

33 SELUIOGE SELLING STAKES (2-y-tt £805: 5f) (5) 

1 oo “ " v ‘ 

2 40040 

3 3 

5 0 

7 0 

8 002 

9 003 oiwr«wi anaimi- — -IT— ", ■ • — — r-, - ■ ■ 

6-5 PWt Pumpldn, 6-1 Chatrywood Sam. 7-1 Matechl Lad. 9-1 Snapshot Baby. 16- 

1 Chippenham Man. 20-1 Cawsions ComatSan. 2S-1 Bonza 

330 WILLIAM YOUNGER SPRINT HANDICAP (£1 306: 6f) (7) 






1M Maiden Bkklar. 11-4 Bate Tower. 4-1 Lad. B -1 Men Manor. 10-1 

Fort Duchesne. 12-1 Pwtfngton Bette. 14-1 others. 

4.0 EBF WESTENHANGER STAKES (2-y-o: £1 344: 6 f) (4) 

Evens Tough N Gentle. 5-4 Quick Snap, 10-1 Spring Forward, 12-1 Jovick. 

430 LYMPNE HANDICAP (El; 197: 1m 41) (5) 

2 02-4043 

3 031V aw 

4 04)4013 

7 04)0420 

8 004)403 ruwnnB|wg»i«»wna) bmwto»-b-i a. ■ ■ — . ■»«"■»»■ w 
15-8 The Betsy. 1M Dashing UghL 7-2 Derby Day. 9-2 Double Optton. 7-1 

Fdfghnn^ 




NewmertteL "fete: El DO: El.10. Elja 
£1.40. DF: E32a CSF; £320. 

SJ>(1m2Q1. SELL ITKIUKJV (G Carter, 
20-1): 2, Findteg (W R Gwinbum. 9^ tavk 
3.Sknan’aFaniaay(PitEd{tefy. 100-30L 


NichoUs. 9-4); 3. R . , 

Bfiott. 3-1). ALSO RAN: 7 Jubilant Cady 
(5th), IS Taj SauftMthL 83 Honest Token 
t«fi). 6 ran 2). «L 81.2L7LN Cafiagton at 
NswmarkeL Tote: £3.10: £1.10, £2£0.DF: 
£a«a CSF: £6.49. 

Pteeapofc £47.05 




Last JeieL fi11.7thE1.TB .£1.40, £1. 8 a Dft £262.60. 

F 3 L 3 IW 1 LMH CSF: iS&9&Trtcast £173^2. 

M r%un»*A“. 1 “ fMm * /J'a rJvJZ nt - ■Jim CiRgC 
' at Great Habton. Tota: £540: RacepotElh-45. 

am-* a8 °- w n ’* •* Edinburgh 

I MO (2m) 1. UVBE KSTKY pat 

ISSte. ^ .■2.1 5 (5f) V ttAWgT (g - Gut^. 2 - 1 J ; 2 . 

10 oSwdto; 25 Demon Fats^V 33 taw ttedam Wa (Stt^T 10 Pretty Soon 
MraSrtoW.B 6 RWlDrd. 1 oS.MR: NB4.SD 

Aatfl Rutter. 3L 5 . nk. nk. 2L J Tree at 1L 4L 10L R Bess at NewmarkM. Tota: 

£1-10. £1.70, gJO: £1^. gaol DF: E5.6a CSF: 
wSaDRCTjO. CSF: SS3. ElODA No offloel tsites. 

10 (M 1 BATTIEAXE (RBt EddWV, 11 - 245ffl»1. RVE axes (DNfchols.4-9 

10 tert 2 . Itoyal Bto. 11 - 2 k fa Santa) BowpiMjJ Lowe. IA-il 3, 

Ev«y Wednesday (RPSott. 7-2^ ALSO 

Rxnoifc WtftJ, YoungCBnarion. Safwey £4^0. CSF: £882. Winner bought h tor 
Express. Gone FortHaaa Pass. Get 5et B390 gns. 

Ua, Leg A Gtanea. 17 rea 3.15 (7f) 1 . JUCKHttlAN Duffield, 6 - 

NR: Kywtete. 1 W 1»L ShM »L 1 ); 2. La Befc Of Santo (L ChamodL 20- 

Totler If 3. Hart? Chance (R Street 13-2L 
S1.W.E3CL90. Oft EL90. CSFz £7.73- ■ AlSORAN: WtawBlan Dorecto(4tt). 11 - 

130 (61)1. OUR JOCK fC Rutter, 1M 2 Mr KewndL 7 'WMMh jm-lung* 
favtZ Tooenwxy Btwp McKeowi. 7-ZJ: Pdnceto. 14 Haifntort Lad. Gantes 
1 PoMTatft (PaiTfitoiy. 7-Zf. ALSO GofcL 20 Uptown .fandb ^lShJ- ID reju 
RAN- 6 P 0 By Danieb ®h).7 Artgo Loro NR: Bared BanzaL 3L'KL 3L IhL 1 SL M 
j5t> 20 Dondng Lad ( 681 ). 6 fan. 1L 1KL Prescott at NewmterkaL Tote: &50: 
rM3S. 3L R Sm* at Bteorn. Tote: £ 1 ^ 0 . £ 5 - 10 . £2J0._DF;_E94Jft CSF: 
34 ft E 1 J 0 . £1-30. DP. aS). CSF: £9ft36. Tricast £72156. After a 

stewante'lnqujry the rssuh stood. 

4j) ( 6 f) 1. BUTTERREU) . ROAD (M 34S ( 1 m) ONE TO MARK fG Duffield. 
taham. 9-1L 2. WOteswiWaoiieue (G 11 -ay. 2. Foretop (J Lowe. 16-1): 3. Artrt 
Brter. 33-1p 3, Ongoing Situation (§ Day 16 BaxtorT&rans ta^. ALSO RAN: 9 


BOWLS 

Ireland so 
nearly 
give away 
triumph 

By Gordon Allan 

Ireland beat- Scotland, last 
year's champions, by 1 12 shots 
to 1 1 1 in the opening match of 
the British women's inter- 
national series ai Sophia Gar- 
dens. Cardiff yesterday. Ireland 
have never won this title, but 
achieved their best result at 
Edinburgh last year when they 
finished second. 

Scotland held a marginal 
advantage after five and 10 
ends. By IS ends the pendulum 
had swung to Ireland who led 
81-72. Ireland were first to put 
100 shots on. the board, which is 
traditionally supposed to be the 
sign of victory - but it almost 
did not happen in this case. 

The result ultimately de- 
pended on events on two rinks: 
Greta Boyle (Scotland) versus 
Nan AlleVy and Georgia Blane 
(Scotland) versus Mane Barber. 
Mrs Boyle's four picked up 
seven snots on the 19th end 
(what happened to the eighth, 
they probably asked), which 
look Scotland one ahead over- 
all but Mrs Alkly re-talitated 
with a single on ue 20th and 
five on the 2ist. 

Jubilant Irish signals to Mrs 
Barber on the neighbouring rink 
told her that she did not need to 
bowl her last wood. She lost 
three shots on the 21st end, but 
it did not matter because her 
country had won anyway. Trust 
the Irish to bring their I 
supporters' hearts into their 
mouths while doing so. | 

England, who foiled to win a 
match last year, beat Wales (31- 1 
129 iu the afternoon. England's ! 
game against Ireland today : 
should be the one to decide the 
series. England won oh only two 1 
rinks with Barbara Fuller's 20 - 1 
shot victory over Rita Jones 
exerting a big influence in the , 
final analysis. ! 

Three members of the Irish 
team. Cath Megrath, Hilda I 
Hamilton and Eileen Bell from 
Belfast won their British Isles 1 
championsbiptriples semi-final 
on Sunday. They beat Shirley 
Proctor. Maureen Jones and 
Margaret Pomeroy of Sophia 
Gardens 21-18. . 

RESULTS: Ireland 112. Scotland 111 
(Irish skips firs#** Barter 16, G Blane 21: 
K Toner 21. S McCrone 18; E Be» 14. M 
Mat* in 15; N AJWy 26. G Boyle 21: M 
Johnston 19, JMiSgan 1ft DTumer 16. F 
Whyte 17. 

England 131. Wates 129 (England skips 
flrefk MDogaatt 18. SOtoardirM Steele 


SPORT 

TENNIS 


first): M Dogged 1 8. S Ofiver 31 ; M 
18. A Datmon 20: E FairtiaB 20. B Morgan 
25: B Stubbr>g& 19. M Pomeroy 27TB 


25: B Stubbi 
Fuller 31. R 
Hemming 15. 


Folkestone selections . . 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Blue Brilliant. 2.30 NaatelL 33 The Chippenham Man. 330 
Maiden Bidder. 4.0 Tough N Gentle. 430 Dashing UghL 
By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0 Cafe Noir. 230 NaatelL 3.0 The Chippenham Man. 3.30 Findon 
Manor. 4.0 Tough N Gentle. 4.30 Dasbmg Light. 

Michael Seely's selection: 3.30 Maiden Bidder. 


r. 7-2K ALSO 
7 Amigo Loco 


Cauthen. 11-2). ALSO RAN: 9-4 ato Lord 
CoHmfi 4 Love Train (4th). 3 Bom Free 
Again (6th). 33 Abidjan (5th), Ragtime 
SoEVmnli.hd.3LS. HL M Usher n 
Srttoum. Tote: J7-3& £5.60. £280. 

DF: £25.10. CSF; E17552. 

00.(51)1. UN BB. Dt (Par&ktery. 
Evens forf: 2. Bertrad* (S Cauthen. B-U 
3. Baftor H owwff (T OUm, 9-4J. ALSO 
RAN: 11 M«s Riraway (5th). 12 Musical 
Rhapsody. 20 Homing Tn (4% 50 Music 
Defigfif ffitft). Seaming Shftfyfady. 8 ran. 

, I3L 5aL ‘1L 7L 1SL O- DoiWb a 


Lost Opportbrtty (401). 66 Norwtwte 
«th). 150 Rebecca’s Pet (SthL 6 ran. nk, 
shhd.iffl.ia. 10. Mark Prescott at 
Newmarket Tote: £1 . 8 ft £1 .10. £3.40. DF: 
£ 22 na CSF: £17.74. 

A.«{1m3J)1. KING JACK (G Barter. 8 * 
a lav): 2. Pwnbr Estate (A Mackay. is- 
8):3. AbtnMe (RStnat 7-1L ALSO RAN: 
7-2 Banasfya mi 4 ran. i»). a, ttc J 
Duntop at Arundd ■ Tote: £2.10. DF: £24ft 
CSF: £427. 

MS (1m 4fl 1. CHUMMY’S OWN (G 
Duffield. 2-1 lav): 2. Apple Win* (5 


Course specialists 

FOLKESTONE 

TRAINERS: B HDs. 5 vnnners from 25 
JSSrloD 61fc: G Lart*. 17 from 85. 

20&*. K Brassey. 6 from 35. t7.1> 
JOCKEYS: G Starkey 29. wtrmars from 83 
rtoes. 349%: 8 Cafflhw. 12 from 46. 
26.1%; P Waidroa 12 from 69. 174%. 

YARMOUTH 

TRAINERS: H Coal 61 winners tram 755 
runners. 39.4%: A Stewart. 7 from 31. 
22.6V L Cumteik 33 from 165. 20.0%. 
JOCKEYS: S Cauthen. 19 wmsrt from 

rides 82. 212%: A MmMay. ,11 hom 5t. 
21.99k R GuaaL 12 from 70. 17.1%. 

Blinkered first time 

YARMOUTH: 2.46 Mtes Onomond. 4.15 
Coumtass Cottttess. 

FOLKESTONE: 2.0 Bba BrteanL Char- 
ooaLftOChenywood Sen, Pfnk Pumpkfr. 

OFFICIAL SCRATCHMG& A8 engage- 
menta (dead) Welsh Vafa. Okl aattolw. 
Dear Harms, into The Gap, Appeal Court. 
Captain's Choice. 

• Guy Harwood, the Sussex 
trainer will have runners in 
England. Ireland and France at 
the weekend. Dancing Brave 
will run on Saturday in Coral 
Eclipse Stakes. On the same 
afternoon Young Runaway 
makes the trip to Ireland for the 
Pacemaker International at 
Phoenix Park, and on Sunday. 
St Hilarion goes for the valuable 
Grand Frix de Saint-Cloud, in 
France. 

• Lavender Mist, the comfort- 
able winner of the BaHymacoil 
Stud Stakes at Newbury, last 
time out. represents Michael 
Sloute in Hamburg's Pyeis des 
Casino Traveraunde on Friday. 


McNeil shows her 
potential 
and serves notice 

By David Powell 

Lori McNeil is the second best finals, she said: *Ttn not sat- 


lished in Macgregor Park, Hous- 
ton. for youngsters who cannot 
afford lessons. The best. Zina 
Garrison, was the ninth seed at 
Wimbledon after reaching the 
semi-finals last year, but went 
out in the second round to 
Britain's Anne Hobbs- So it was 
more than adequate compensa- 
tion yesterday, for the pro- 
fessional who set up that 
coaching scheme. John 
Wilkerson. when Miss NcNeil 
came from the ranks of the no- 
hopers to win a place in the 
quarter-finals. 

Miss McNeil is ranked 77ih in 
the world, had not seen a grass 
court until two years ago, and in 
two previous Wimbledon 
appearances had failed to win a 
singles match. Eyen after 
yesterday's 7-5. 6-1. 6-1, victory 
over Betsy Nagdsen, of the 
United States, she mingled 
unnoticed with the crowds. 

Her preparations for this 
championship were more than a 
little unsettling, having foiled to 
capitalize on winning positions 
over Helen Sukova at East- 
bourne and Manuela Maleeva at 
Edgbaston. “The main thing 
today was that she was 
concentrating." Wilkerson said. 
“Lori has always been a real 
good player but she has never 
fulfilled her potential.''' 

Concentration may be a prob- 
lem for her — but confidence is 
noL Expecting to meet Hana 
Mandlikova, the No. 3 seed, 
today for a place in the semi- 


much better now. . 

Miss McNeil, like Miss Gam- 
son. is black. Both are aged 72 
and like to attack the net at any 
opportunity. “Lori has played in 
the shadow of Zina for so long 
and people haven't noticed her. 
but she has the ideal game for 
this surface," Wilkerson added. 

-They started playing at the 
same time in the same pro- 
gramme for minority kids in 
Houston. The programme was 
my idea. When I took over a 
tennis centre it was predomi- 
nately white and I wanted some 
black kids to compete against 
them. I never dreamed one day l 
would have a Wimbledon quar- 
ter-finalist and a semi-finalist on 
my hands." 

Miss McNeil gave notice of 
her intentions against Miss 
N&gelsen in her opening game 
which she served to love. Miss 
Nagetsen was unable to read her 
opponent's backhand for the 
next six games as Miss McNeil 
swept into a 5-2 lead. 

Miss McNeil's nerves began 
to show in the ninth game when 
she served a double fault 10 let 
her opponent back 10 5-4. but 
that was the last time the 29- 
year-old Miss Nagdsen showed 
anything like the quality of play 
of her opponent Still, she could 
be more than satisfied at reach- 
ing the last 16. which equalled 
her best-eve r Wimbledon, hay- 
ing reached the fourth round in 
1981. 


** ! ITT v 7 


11; J Vaas 25. D 


ARAB RACING 

Protest at 
verdict 
onRamu 

By Christopher Goulding 

Controversy surrounded the 
most exciting race of the after- 
noon at Newton Abbot on 
Saturday after Ramu had won 
the last event on the card, the 
Lodge Farm Stakes, in the 
capable hands of James 
DowsetL After a considerable 
delay the stewards called for an 
inquiry but without this being 
made clear to the public and 
bookmakers. 

Ramu. who was winning his 
first race for over a year, passed 
the post three quarters of a 
length ahead of Magic Knight 
Much to everyone’s surprise, 
especially that of the book- 
makers, who were paying out on 
Ramu winning, it was latter 
snnouced that the winner had 
been disqualified and placed 
last Magic Knight, ihe runner- 
up. was awarded the race. 

The connections were for 
from happy about the result as 
there was no photographic ev- 
idence to be consulted and also 
there had not been an objection 
to the winner. Karen Seers, ihe 
horse’s owner and trainer, has \ 
lodged an objection and the 
mailer is now in the hands of the 
Jockey Club at POrtman Square. , 

Drama had earlier occurred in 
the Devon and Somerset Stakes, ' 
when the headstrong Varazdin 
threw his rider, Ken Barker. . 

r 'nst the rails on the way 10 1 
start. Barker was taken off 
the course- by an ambulance 
suffering from severe bruising 
and shock. 

Sixteen-year-old Annette 
Harrison completed a double on 
Othereal Dawn Chorus and 
Shomran. The latter, winning 
his fourth race of the season, has 
yet to be beaten. In the Teign 
Stakes. Miss Harrison had an 
armchair ride on Othersal Dawn 
Chorus which soon opened up a 
25-length lead aod'caine home 
on the bridle to win by a 
distance. 

My Saudi made a big impact 
when winning the first division 
of the Devon and Somerset 
Stakes on his racecourse debut 

and looks a horse to follow. 

Clive Chapman recorded his 
first victory after a lapse of some 
twenty years, when he was 
awarded the Newton Abbot 
Stakes on Magic Lord after Sun 
Chariot was demoted 10 second 


YESTERDAY’S RESULTS 

J o 


Seeded players m capoats 

Men’s singles 

Holder B Becker (WG) 

Fourth round 

H LTCOrTTE^te j b FitzGerald (Aia>, 

S Znofinovic (Vug) MCJWn Renstxmj 
(SA). 7-6. T-STW. 7-6. 

MMecfrjCz) mb Gilbert (US). 3-6. 7-6. 

P cash (AW) U M WILANDER (Swe). 4-8. 
7-5.6-4.B-3. 

R Krisnnan Onto W E Jeten (WG), 6 - 4 . 7* 

6 - 2 . 

Women’s singles 

Holden Miss M Navratilova 
(US) 

Fourth round 

Mtes B Bunge (WG) W MBS M MALEEVA 
■ (Bui>.S«riW.6-3. ... __ . 



MISS G SABAT1NI (Arg) bt Mist R Raggl 
(ft). &A 1-6, 6-3. __ - 

MfSS M NAVRATILOVA (US) W Miss f 
Dsmongaat (Fr). 6-3, 6-3. 

Mist 1 M McNu (US) M Miss B Nsgelsen 

Mlisfc SUKOVA (Or) bt Mtes R M Whitt 



On die way oat Rafoella Reegi, of Italy, heading for defeat 
against Gabriels Sabatim, of Argentina, yesterday. Report, 
page 40 (Photograph: Chris Cole) 


Stakes on Magic Lord after Sun 1 
Chariot was demoted 10 second 
place. 

&& c*n» (2-1 &dl Sfmm 
(6-4 fayK 5J0 Rom's Pndt {10-1 j; as 
Ilsgic Knight (3-1). 

RUGBYUAGUE 

Marking time 
on ‘bombs’ 

The nearest thing to a return 

to the old-feshioned -mark” will 

be introduced experimentally 
into Rugby League next season 
(Keith MacWin . writes). The 
League's annual meeting de- 
cided 10 follow the Australian 
initiative, in which defenders 
who catch a high kick, known as 
a “bomb", behind their own 
posL are allowed to restart with 
a tap from the 25 yard line. . . 

At present, if a defender is 
tackled behind his own line after 
catching a high kick, the defend- 
ing side are forced to drop out 
from under the post. 


and P McNAMEE 
(GBjandSMSftaw 


MBS H SUKOVA (Cz) W MtSS R M White 

MjItSj’M LLOYD (US) bt Miss K Jordan 

M^k 7 UNDWIST (Sm) bt Mrs C M 
Batesmn (AusX 7-6, 7-6. 

Men’s doubles 

Holders: H Gunthardt (Switz) 
and BTaroczv (Hung) 

Second round 

P McNAMARA (Aus) and P McNAMEE 
jAgiWDC^IGBjartfSMSftaw 

Third round 

M Davte (US) and B D Drawett (Aus) M 
Schapors (Nam) and M Woodford® 
(AUS). 36. ^3. /-& 7-5. 

G DONNELLY (US) and P FLEMING (US) 
bt GSteyri gjA) and D T visser (gA), 6- 

Women’s doubles 

Holders: Miss K Jordan (US) 
and Mrs P D Smylie (Aus) 

Third round 

MRS P D Smyte (Aus) and MBS C 
TANVtCT (Fr) M S L Ccjdns (US) and Y 
Vernaak (SA) 6-4. 64. 

Miss G Rush JUS and Mss J C Russefl 
(US) bt MISS 2 L Gamson (US) and 
MISS K RINALDI (US) 6-4. 4-6. 166. 
MISS M NAVRATILOVA (US) ettJ MSS P 
H SHRtVER (US) waflnver. Mas E 
Remacn and Mss M Raaacti (SA) 
cyglthBd. 

MsS P A Fendfck (US) and Mss J M 
Hrthern g ton (Can) u Mias A M 
Fernandez (US) and Mss J A Rfcfca/d- 
son(NZL 6-2. 7-6. 

Mss J AMuneW (SA) and Miss M Van 
Nosffart(USj<ttM*s C S REYNOLDS 
jUS)«nd MsS A E SMITH (US). 64, 1-6, 

MISS E BURGJN (US) and MfSS R O 
FAIR BANK (SA) H Mtes B Bunge (WG) 
and Miss C Ponnck (WG), 6-4, &4. 

Key to countries 

Aig; Argentina: Aus Austtefo- Safe Bsf- 
giuin; fir Brazlt But Bulgaria; Can: 


Service resumed 

Stan Smith, the 1972 Wim- 
bledon champion. has redis- 
covered the winning formula 
- without lifting a racket in 
anger. Now aged 39, Smith's 
big tournament days are be- 
hind him. but in his new niche 
as a television commentator 
he admits: k i used to miss a lot 
of serves and volleys in my 
heyday, but. boy, this TV is 
easy. I never miss a shot, no 
mailer how hard they hit the 
balL" 

Sicilian defence 

Rome (AP) - Sicily is to stage 
two world boxing events.The 
world cruiserweight champion. 
Lee Roy Murphy* of Chicago, 
will meet Rickey Parket, of 
Morristown, Tennessee, for the 
1BA crown on July 26 and 
Carlos Pinango. of Venezuela, 
will put his WBA bantamweight 
title at stake against Hurley 
Snead, from Detroit, on August 
3 or 10. 

Thinking again 

Rochdale Hornets have been 
advised by the Rugby League 
not (ogo into voluntary liquida- 
tion and re-form with a new 
company. Although not illegal 
the move is not regarded as 
being in the best interests of the 
game. 

Word of honour 

Danie Craven, the South Af- 
rican rugby union president, 
yesterday denied that France 
were shortly 10 make a tour of 
the republic. “You can take my 
word for it that we have had no 
signals from France about a 
visit.” he said. 










y ■ -*“V 
u ^ 


Y( 


38 


SPORT 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 


CRICKET: FRASER TAKES THREE WICKETS ON FIRST-CLASS PEBUTBUT NEW ZEALAND BATTING THWARTS MIDDLESEX EFFORTS 


Double act steers 


Crowe helps N Zealand to draw Yorks to safety 


By Ivo Tennant 


LORD.'S: Middlesex drew with 
the New Zealanders. 

An eminently sensible sev- 
enth-wicket partnership.of 63 
in 15 overs between Gray and 
Smith thwarted any chance of 
Middlesex achieving what 
they cannot in the Champion- 
ship — namely., victory. They 
balled on in the morning to 
gain a lead of 204. Downton 
making an unbeaten 77. but 
were able to take only six of 
the New Zealanders' wickets. 

Of the New Zealanders’ 
specialist batsmen, only Mar- 
lin Crowe looked the part In 
fact he looked in extraordi- 
narily good form, beginning 
with a spate of boundaries on 
either side of the wickeL He 
reached a half century in 65 
minutes, with nine fours, and 
made 78 in all. 

Several of his boundaries 
were off Alistair Fraser, not to 
be confused with Angus Fra- 
ser, who has back trouble. 
Alistair is 19, was bom in the 
local parish of Edgware, and 
look three wickets yesterday 
in this, his first first-class 
match. He has a nice action 
and will no doubt become 
quicker. 

The New Zealanders lost 
Edgar leg-before on the front 
foot to Cowans' second bail. 
At 44. Rutherford went the 
same way. pushing half for- 
ward at Hughes. Wright and 
Crowe added 67 for the third 
wicket before Fraser struck 
twice with successive balls. 

Wright, who had reached 
40. shaped to hook, and edged 
to Downton. who look a neat 
low caich. He has this habit of 
taking low balls on his knees, 
which looks untidy; yesterday 
he showed it to be effective. 
Next ball. Franklin was beaten 
by a break-back. The centre 
piece of the scoreboard was 
showing the dreaded Nelson. 


By now, Fraser had curbed 
his tendency to overpitch, and 
20 runs Jater he accounted for 
the hfew Zealand- captain. 
Coney' mis-hit to mid-on, 
which left his side needing 74 
to make Middlesex tat again. 

The county champions were 
without Emburey, who had a 
throat infection - he hopes to 
be fit for Thursday's Test — 
and with Edmonds having a 
fruitless afternoon, Gatling 
opted to bowl himself. He had 
dismissed Crowe in the first 
innings when his helmet fell 
on his wicket now he had him 
caught behind, aiming to cut. 
His 78 was made in 135 
minutes with 12 fours. 

Thereafter, with the pitch 
still playing easily, Gray and 
Smith batted out the day. 
Gray reaching a half century 
in 123 minutes 


NEW ZEALANDERS: First tortnga 232 (J 
V Coney 93, 1 □ S Smith <US). 

Se co nd ftwi mg a 

BA Edgar Ibw b Cowans 0 

J G Wngfit c Downton b Baser 
K H Rutherford tow b 
M D Crown c Downton b 


T J Franklin Ibw b Fraser 0 
■J V Coney c Millet b Fraser'. 
E J Gray nor out 


-40 

-23 

-76 


(Gray not 

tfDS Smith not out 


Extras (b 6, lb 2, w 3) 
Total (6 wkts) . 


.10 

.56 

.24 

.11 


J G BracavwU.0 A String and W Watson 
did not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-0. 2-44. 3-111. 4- 
1T1. 5-131. 6-176. 

BOWUNQ: Cowans 9-2-35-1; Hughes 15- 
3-57-1: Edmonds 29-8-67-0; Fraser 9-1- 
46-3: Ganmg 10-4-251: MAer 1 -0-1-0. 
MIDDLESEX: First Innings 

A J T MBer c Coiwy b BraceweS 56 

w N Stack c Crowed Stirling 10 


*M W Gating st Snath b Bracewafl , 135 

CT Radley c Edgar b Stirling 42 

RO Butcher bSSrUng — 30 

tP R Dowmon not out 77 

J E Emburey b Stirling 15 

P H Edmonds c and b Gray : — 31 


S P Hughes c Crowe b Braoewel — 20 

NG Cowans bStirbng — 0 

A G J Fraser c Edgar b Bracowofl — 2 

Extras (61, StT nto IQ) _18 

Total . 43fi 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-16. 2-131 , 3232. 4- 
256. 5-290, 6-325. 7-392, 8-427, 5427, 10- 
436. . 


BOWLING: Stirling 31-6-98-5: Watson 25 
3-76-0: Crows 6-1-1 


14-0: Brtjcawel 41.5-4- 

144-4; Gray 20-362- V. Corny 4-0-14-0. 
Umpires: M J Kitchen and D O Osiear. 


Felton acts 
as the 
anchorman 


Hitting out: Crowe on his way to 78 yesterday (Photograph: Graham Morris), 


Morris leads the Imran and Parker 


red rose a dance master the bumps 


By Peter Ball 


By Richard Streeton 


By Alan Gibson 


TA l 'NTON: Somerset drew with 
the Indians. 

India declared, which they 


might reasonably have done 
irlier. 


earlier, and Somerset were left 
with no more than a long day to 
bat through. They lost Roebuck, 
caught at the wicket, for eight. 
Then it rained. After an early 
lunch, they started again,' and 


Hardy and Felton progressed to 


45. Fehon was the more sedate. 


LIVERPOOL' Lancashire, with 
all second innings wickets in 
hand, need 351 runs to avoid an 
innings defeat by Derbyshire. 

Derbyshire took an im- 
placable grip on things yes- 
terday. their batsmen ensuring 
that Lancashire could not es- 
cape from the consequences of 
their collapse on Saturday on 
the usual immaculate Aigburth 
wickeL 

Morris celebrated the award 


his 87, succumbed, mistiming a 
pull to end a stand of 1 55 in 49 
overs to give Lancashire some 
brief relief 

Well as Fblley. who has a nice 
loop and flights the ball con- 
fidently. and Watkinson stuck 
to their task in the demanding 
conditions, Morris carried on 
serenely. 

Not even going into lunch on 


presumably because he had been 
allocated the 


task of the anchor- 
man. Hardy did play some 
dashing shots, and as a result of 
one of them was brilliantlj 


of his county cap before ^rfay. 


99 produced a hint of nerves, his 

1 00 com i 


HASTINGS: Sussex, with seven 
second innings wickets in hand, 
lead Northamptonshire by 320 
runs. 

Imran Khan, with the highest 
score of the game so far, and 
Paul Parker batted with 
commanding assurance on a 
pitch of uneven bumps yes- 
terday. These two made sure 
that Sussex . retained control 


muy 

caught by Shaslri. leaping high 
d knock! 


an 

on. 


ring the ball upatlong- 


Felton and Harden pressed 
on. or at least plodded on. 
through the afternoon. The 
weather seemed to be improv- 
ing. and as the sun came out so 
did the crowd, though it was 
never large. The pitch was 
playing amiably, despite its 
batterings from rain. The third 
wicket to fall, just before tea, 
was the result of a foolish run 
ouLat 109. It was Harden's own 
faulL and there was never a run 
in iL 

The Tndians relied upon their 
spinners, and their fielding en- 
livened the occasion, giving no 
suggestion that they were ured 
of the lour, even though the 
rubber is won. 


RMERSET: First Innings 128 (N S Yadav 
6 for 30). 

Second Innings 

N A Felton c and D Patt 104 

*P M Roebuck c Pandit b Shama 4 

J J E Hardy c Sfiastri b Yadav 34 

R J Harden run out 36 


R J Bartlett c Yadav b Starma — 19 

J C M Atkinson not out 12 


V J Marts rot out 


Extras (b 1. nto 3) .. 


...,0 

4 


Total {5 wkts) 213 

tT Gard. R v Palmer. N S Taylor and R V J 
Coombs did not bat. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-4. 2-45. 3-109, 4- 
182. 

BOWLING: Prabhakar 8-2-23-0; Starma 
10-0-31-2: Yadav 24-9-70-1. stKMtrl 17-5- 
43-0; aim 5-2-14-0; Pa til 32-19-1; 
Lamba 3-0-12-0. 

MOJANS: first Innings 

•R J Shastri c Roebuck b Painter 64 

R Lamba c Gard b Addnson 69 

M AmamaOi Ibw b Taytor 33 

S M Pott st Gant b Harden 8 

S M Gavaskar not out 136 


along with Roberts and 
man. with a career-best 153 in 
just over five and a half hours, 
and Roberts, Miller. Sharma 
and Marple* weighed in usefully 
as Derbyshire took their lead to 
371 before declaring as the 
weather changed dramatically. 
That may oner Lancashire's 
best hope today. 

Their bowlers toiled in the 
unrelenting sun as Morris, at 22 
a player who could repay the 
selectors’ interest revealed his 
natural ability, timing the ball 
perfectly for most of his 25 
boundaries and punishing se- 
verely anything loose. 

The only time the Derbyshire 
batsmen's supremacy was chal- 
lenged came in the first hour as 
they resumed in the comfortable 
position of 172 for three. Patter- 
son made one delivery take off 
and hit the shoulder ofRobem's 
bat to fall harmlessly and Allott 
found some movement from the 
Mersey end as a mist sat over 
the river, obliterating the Welsh 
hills behind, but once the 
bowlers' early fire left them 
Derbyshire^ position slowly but 
surely became unassailable. 

On a pitch which demanded 
rigorous accuracy the spinners 
FoUey and Watkinson strayed at 
their peril. Morris dismissing 
the slower-pitched balls almost 
contemptuously. Roberts, who 
had hit two sixes and 13 fours in 


100 coming up first bail after the 
interval. In 246 minutes, and in 
company with Miller, 70 were 
added in 20 overs before the 
latter departed, slashing at a- 
wide one soon after the lead had ; 
passed 200. 

The new ball offered Lan- 
cashire little respite but it ac- 
counted at last for Morris, the 
extra bounce producing a top 
edge, and Abrahams holding the 
rebound after Maynard juggled 
frantically. Marpies came in to 
add to Lancashire's suffering 
with a violent career-best 57 in 
51 balls before the change in the 
weather which also presaged 
little happiness for the red-rose 
county. 


after they gained- a first innings 
lead of 147 runs: With thunder- 


storms expected today, a Sussex 
declaration will not be long 
delayed. 

A dry, dusty pitch made it 
likely in advance that the spin 
bowlers would have decisive 
rotes but throughout the quicker 
bowlers took the wickets. North- 
amptonshire batted without 
distinction and were aB out half 
an hour after lunch, having 
narrowly avoided the follow-on 
by two runs. 

Colin Wells finished with the 
best figures but it was Imran arid 
Reeve who inflicted the im- 
portant damage as five wickets 
fell in the first hour. 


attempting anything too rash, 
‘ est strokes seen all 


played the best 
day as they added 94 in two 
hours. Imran straight-drove 
Cook for a six; Parker also hit a 
six. steering a no-ball from 
Mallender over the slips, before 
he was bowled trying to drive 
Wild. 


SUSSEX; First innings 283 far 9 dec 
3, A M Green 55, A P WbUs 


i Khan 59, 


LANCASMRE: first Innhga 94. 
Second hinkigs 

G O Msnds 


M R Chadwick 


Extras (no 2, w 4) 
Total (Owlet). 


11 
- 3 
_ 6 


20 


49 


DERBYSTCRE: First timings 
■K J Barnett c Fowler b FOBey — 
l S Anderson c Maynard b Makmson _ 6 
A Hii c Maynard b Mafcinson — __ 11 


J E Moms c Abrahams b Patterson . 153 
B Roberts c-Watttinaon b Makmson _ 87 

G Miller c Maynard b Makmson 22 

R Sharma c Maynard b Patterson — 40 

C Marpies c Chadwick b FoUey 57 

R J Finney c Abrahams b Foley 0 

P G Newman not out 0 


Extras (b 9, to 6 w 1. nb 22) 40 

Total (9 wkts dec) 465 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-37. 2-54. 3-63, 4- 
238, 5-308.6-379, 7-459. 8-464. 9-465. 
BOWLING: Patterson 20.1-1-77-2; A*ot1 
30-8-91-0: Mattnson 25-3105-4; FoUey 
28-11-69-3; Watkinson 23-2-66-0: Abra- 
hams 2-0-14-0: Faabrothar 1 -0-6-0. 
Umpires: J A Jameson and NTPlews. 


Northamptonshire resumed 
at 22 for no wicket but in the 
day's fourth over Larkins 
pushed forward tentatively. The 
ball from Imran left him late 
and Gould took a low catch. Nor 
could Lamb render obsolete 
everything written overnight on 
England’s Test team. Imran got 
one to lift. Lamb changed nis 
mind about the pull and was 
caught at galley. 

By then Pigott had already 
dismissed Cape! aided by an 
excellent low slip catch by 
Parker. When Reeve bowled 
from successive balls he had 
Bailey caught at mid-off from a 
skimming drive, and Wild teg 
before without offering a stroke. 

Boyd-Moss and Harper stood 
firm for an hour until Boyd-- 
Moss received a ball from Coiin 



PWG Parker bWld 
Imran Khan not out 
C M Wets not out 


Extras (lb 1) 

Total I 

APWefa.RIASthan.t1JGoutt.DA 


. 173 


Reeve. A C S Agott. A M Bradtt to bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-43. 2-52. 3-146. 
NORTHAMPTONSHIRE: First Innings 

D J Capei c Parker b Pigott 13 

W Laorklns c GouM b (rnran 9 


R J Boyd-Moss c GoUd b C M Wefts .17 

A J Lamb c Standing b Imran 20 

R J Balfey c Afektianb Reeve 7 

DJWBdbwb Reeve 0 

R A Harper tow 6 C M Wefts 22 

S N V Waterton bCM Wefts 9 

N G B Cook b Imran 18 


N A Maftantier not out 7 

A Walker c StandingbC M Wefts 1 

Extras (b 3. lb 7. nb 3) 13 

Total (49.2 overs) 136 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-25, 2-25. 3-46, 4- 
57. 5-57. 6-84.7-99, 8-11 1, 9-135. 


BOWLING: Imran 16-2-44-3; Pigott 53- 
19-1 : Reeve 1 1-6-26-2: Standng 6-1- 


_ - 1 * 0 ; 

C M Wtills 7.2-2-234. 

Bonus points: Sussex 4, Noctharas 0. 
Umpires: A A Jones and R Juftan. 


Bermuda find the bowler to shift the Dutch 


M Azharuddin b Marks . 


27 


Stevie Lighlboume, an occa- 
sional seamer more renowned 
for his batting talents, helped 
bowl Bermuda into the semi- 


lOS Panda c Roebuck b Harden 12 

R M H Binny b Marts - 0 

M Prabhakar c Barden b Atkinson 14 

N SYadav nor out 13 


finals of the ICC Trophy with a 
•The N 


Extras (b 2. lb 4. w 5. b 2) 

Total. (8 wkts decj .. 

C Sharma did riot bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-130. 2-142. 3-161. 
4-216. 5-2 BB. 6312. 7-313. B-3S8. 
BOWUNG: Taylor 26-3-81-1: Atkinson 24- 
6-60-2: Coombs 9-2-37-0: Marks 21-5-71- 
2: PBImer 18-2-59-1; Harden 152-552. 
Umpires: J W Holder and R Palmer. 


tense victory over The Nether- 
lands at Smethwick yesterday. 

Lighlboume. a fall. 24-year- 
old who works for the Bermuda 
Police Department, was an early 
introduction into the attack 
when Terry Burgess pulled a 
stomach muscle. His four early 
wickets inspired Bermuda to 
become the first side to beat the 
Dutch in the competition. 


Needing victory to oust the 
•United States from runner-up 
spot in Group Two, Bermuda 
made 2 1 7 off 56.4 o vers and The 
Netherlands were always strug- 
gling to match it after losing 
their first four wickets to 
Lighlboume. 


By Mike Berry 


Canada completed their pro- 
gramme with a flourish when 
they made 356 for two to beat a 
Fui side showing the obvious 
strains of a demanding pro- 
gramme that has involved no 
fewer than 20 fixtures in 23 
days. 


stage, and Gibraltar were mak- 
ing a bold effort to better it. 
Group Oae: Cabral: Bangladesh 147 

S 13 overs, N Hastate 56. 0 

31 L Danm a rk 62 tor 2 (25 overs}. 
Watatar Kenya 228 (535 overs, T tobal 
55, T TBcoSo 48V Argentina 141 <48.4 
ovars. D Culley 44 not out 2 StwBdi 4 for 
25). Kenya 87_n» Group 2: 


1 356 for 2 (60 overs). 


Bermuda now meet Zim- 
babwe in the semi-finals at West 
Bromwich tomorrow in a repeal 
of the 1982 finaL The Nether- 
lands play Denmark in the other 
semi-final at Mitchells and But- 
lers in Edgebaston. 


The battle to avoid the Group 
Two wooden spoon also 
brought out the best in Israel 
and Gibraltar. Israel passed 200 
for the first time in making 262, 
despite being 31 for 3 at one 


tor_2 (17 ovars). Owe Hong_Kor>jj 


tor 8 (60 overs, B Cation 63. 

Brewster 55). Papua New Guinea 170 lor 
3 off 44. Wanuioc Israel 262 (57.5 overs. 

E Moshe 77. S Psrtman S9. S Nendett 63. 
P WNtt 5 tor 4ffl. G*raftaM87 lor 8 144 
overs). Smethw ick : Bermuda 217 (56.4 
overs. N Gibbons 51, W Rett 46), The 
Netherlands T87 (59.1 overs). Bermuda 
won by 30 runs, 


FOR THE RECORD 


ATHLETICS 


231 -5 dec. Hownpae 107-7; 'Cofte'S 


HENDON: So u thern Counties woman's 


100m: H Oakes (Harmgey). 

s G Taylor (Essex Ladies). 

istKttV 4mti 

mg (Essex 


240-3 doc. Hampton 2 15; XotStan's^ieW) 

ten Combo iSS-7: -Dantatj gs 


53SK. 1,500m: R PwinWe (AiferEhOt), 4mfi 
l6Ssec 100m tardteaTw J ad (Hartnr 


13-ftsec. High ftsiqj; A Comma (Essex 
Lades), t Bam. Shot J Oakes (Croydon). 
1829m. Jnwfin: J Abel (Yeovil), 5720m. 


BASEBALL 


NORTH A —JBC ft: American League: Tow - 

16 Blue Jays 6. Now York Yankees 3; Detrad 
Tigers 9. MAusukae Brewer* 5, and 1-3; 

Boston Red Sor K Baltimore Onotes 3: 

Minnesota Twins 9. Kansas. CRy Royals 4; 

Qoveteid Indians 9. CaJttomia Angels 4; 

Seattle Manners 9. Texas Rangers 3: ( 

White Sox e.~ 

Natxmail 

Padres 

Pirates 4. Cmcmnatl Rods 4. Sot Francisco 

Gents 1 New York Meta 7_Chicaga Gibs 4; 

Houston Astros 2. Los Angeles Dodgers 1: 

PWadejpiM PhHes 8. Si Lous Canfnub 7. 

SOUTHERN ENGLAND Afi&OCtATKM first 

dMdon: Bamews Stormers 9. Gotten Greai 

Sox 17; Crawley Gann 12. Sunen Braves'll: 

Croydon Blue Jays 21. BrieH Spartans to. 

Second dhrferioo: Houm W w Contora 23. 

Bnghnn Jets 6; Croydon Borough firaies 10. 

Oxshott Onoteo B: GiknghaniDodgers 31. 


m*™* i»-7: -Dantoni GS 
171-4 dec. Sknws 134-9, Dean Ctose 22M 
!?S£ Btortiam 175-9; Dover GS 

l- 8, 134-4: ‘Eton 224- 

GuddtaW RQS 111. -Adeh 117-2: 
wyrantoB Rt» 178-7 dec. Abmgdon ,. TO 
™ C o*; 194 -3 dec. maswto GS 5ft 
Kings. Rochester 193. Dover CM 4i; 

TJnttto 188. Huraqwppktt 154-7: MCC 
242-6 (fee. The Leys l86-7; MS Ml 2504 

dec. -Haoaraasiws' Asha's, entree 118; 


CROQUET 


72.73.70.71: 


WOKING: Tournament Span doubtec W 

Oerfison and G VinGe bt C Lamb and N LuA. + 


8 Level ftogtox Vince. 5 wen; LufL 4; □ G D 

i. ftTMcO " " 


MBBns. il McObihkL ft G -Cuttle. 2: P A 
Watson. 2. - - . - 

PAflKSTOHE: Mocftobartson SfcMd Sartre 

BHh natch: New Zealand bt Great B ri tain. 6-3 


Ogrtn. 73. 71. 72. 7ft J 3 

J Datong. 75. 69. 71.71.1 

POosteKute. 77. 70. 71. 74. 30£ K Brown. 74. 

74,72.82. 

SONY WORLD RAMNN0& 1. S I hl e akTOO 

" 1O7E0K 2. B Langor (WG). 989: 1 G 


RIFLE SHOOTING 


s). 877 : ^%icapma (Japan). 


LAUDER. Berwickshire: 


to wm senes (GB names flrsfl: G N Aspfruft 

tost to R V Jackson, -2* +T TP -10: & M 
Muarwr H p j SkWey. 4-7 +3 TP: M N Avert 
tost to ft J Murfltt. -17 -13. 


703; 5. H Sutton [ 

7. M O'Moaa (_ 

667.-9, C Strange fiia flisTlO. C Pwfa(USjf 

801. 


PtHttag; 1. G Sahrar. 20 snetsat SOmand » 
a TaTyanSs. Ctass X (alter da): C w Ogte 

>-U). 395. Class A: AA ReW 

f3B4 Oa»B:PWl«ntWk>ttey,artt 


LEADING LPGA TOUR HOMEYW NWP j S ^US 


FOOTBALL 


Newcastle HS 154-8 dec. 


‘Kina's. 

J 136ft -Atoumham HS 23»dK, Afebot 

Bmne 144: Old kid-wtMgttiians IBM dee. 

*Tnney. Cnrpkm 151-6: P txAkngiou 239-8 
dee. *St Pater's. Tort 172-7; •Portsmouth GS 

17M dec Kmg Edward VI. South a mpto n 

143* ' Queen s. Taunton 209-1 dec (A 

Tern 109 not out). QE Hospital 117: 


WGOSUV LEAGUE: Fkad ntetehaa (re- 

3- cm Zarta 1. R^eka 1. 


unlees stated): 1, P Bradley. S2S8.775: : 

Inkster, S29032S; 3. M B Ziicner ma n. 
$171,932; 4. P Sheehan. £144.721: 5. V 
SWTVwr.S12ft43G; ft CJ0hRS0n.$1 21^42:7; 
J Saeprwtson (Aus) Si 19.49ft 8. B Kmg. 
SlIftOT: 9. S Paunar S1I3.124; 1ft J 
Orchmson 5)04,137. 



I OtdlleH (Thorps 


ROWING 


'J2«£toNow Saa i. tam'zwto ft 
OFK Belgrade irSnJeska 


MOTOR RACING 




Hounslow Mertns 15: Southarrnan : 

4. waunem Abbey Arrows 24. Third 


Goienester Cougars 24. Readkxj Wangs 33: 

Crawler Comets 16. Burgess HflRodhae 12;. 
west London Buftets 0. Tratontfge Bobcats 


CRICKET 


Ttomar 109 not out). OE 

•RatrirHe 18M dec. Lou^ibonxigh GS 114. 
ft Rebate GS 178. ‘Read's 175M; -Rugby 
252-8 Sec. Free Foresters «Cft -stAtoaiiX 

Berttamstsd 794: *Si Dunstan s 2314 dee 

(M Satte 131 not ouQ. Judd 208-7; St 

Edward's. Oxford 132. *Martbor«ugh 13442; 

St George s. Weybndge-tSft TWh 13ft St 

. Johns. Leatoemoad lBO-8 dec. ’CranWgh 
153-ft -SCPaul'a 187-8 dec. DWmcfi 121%: 
■Sealord i50£dee. Worth 69-7: -Sedbergh 

2244 dec (A Wheatley 1 1? not duft WWam 

tWme's lift iSerooma 203-6 dec. Free 


v 


GOLF 


EAST RUTHERFORD, New Jersey: Chase 

M e edowle n d e new 1. D SiAvan (USL 
March -Cos worth 

92J40mpnt 2. E . 

Cosnoryi:3.RRahai|__ 

4. R. Guerrero (Col). MerawCoswonft: 5. J 

Vdeneuve (Can), March-Coswodtr. ft R 

Unrer (U5L MarervCoswonti. 


READING: Town regatta: Better 1. 

Unon BC (USL 2. Brown Unrwnay flJSk 3. 

Mffltaw. Setter A; 1. Brawn Umv frafty, 
Sim SOsec; 2. union BC (US): 3. Tnrwy tat 
am) 3rd. senior ft i. Betook m School 


3L2mln 20sec; 2. QubbtLs 


Si!!:!!- S ; 73 , 


3. South Kem School. Senior C: 1. St 
Edward's School II. a«n 29secZ MethodW 

Gouge (Bettest): 3. Oxtoid umverstty UF*- 

we Novice: SMptaks Cofage •* iReart 
tog. 1XJ. 2mto 41 sec. Fours: Senior A 


MOTOR RALLYING 


(madt i. Damtoutti Coftage (USt«. 2mn 

37sec; 2. Hcraeteny. Serfar A: 


ISTANBUL; Turtosti Mum Oa n k 1 ^Katoay 


Octaison, 72, W L ?i. 7i; 2 MsK WTMmvA. 
73. 6ft 7ft 71i 2»B Kkte^o. nTnuafN 
Ruw., 71. KL 7ft 69; SMlJagK 


and G Taznnr ( Austral, Skoda 130R; 

INManxtoi 


TcrtMov and N Manatov ( 


Peugeot 205 

Aum Qua 


SCHQOL& MATCHES: *SatfakB 152-1 dee, 

Bahop Vesey'a -i 094: Band o< Bratners 234- 

6dec^Ibnt)rttge 152-ft ■Bedford ISM dec. 
Ounda I2l-773am CC 163. •Prior Part 129: 

Blunder sis?: numeid 153-an Smite 101 rm 

out): ’Brntd Catheoral tSS. M»*ig 159-7; 
•Chatham House 167. St Lawrence 126-4; 

■Chnata HosWtt 215-7 dec Eftotim 216-6: 


Foresters 181-0; ‘Stonytxxst 171. Lancaster 

RGS 122* •Sums 199. Be 


171-7; UCS 14ft ■ 


283-4 dec (A 
•Watford OS! 


Bedford Modem 

_ 143-4; "Warwick 

ji6), SoMtoft 

— 209-7. Enfield GS 147-8. WMs 

Catkprtal 209-7. iNeitogton. Someraet 212-7 

‘ Caiman mo norouft *Winchestar 140. 

W14L -Wyritte l4tL6de& Kto^wood 


72.89, 70: DMassey.®^T70 U ?S < ^iS; 
71,70.70.74 1 

0AKVHJUS. Ottaria Cdr w dw n Opatc Real 

sco re s: (US urteas mult n ft R Murntw. 


T16: 3. K Aho and T Hakaa^l AixfOuBao: 
4. E veto and C Qk«n ffuraev). Pwaot 
20SGTT. 3. A Karachi arid c Unto {Turftyk 
MG Metro 6R4; ft a Beoogto and M Cefcw 
(Tirtey), Opal Monte AK. T.B Oftmev and I 
Volkov (Bud. RenaUI 5 Tirtft ft M Bin 

Sulayem (UAQ and S Antkaasson (fin). 

Toyota Coca. 


Unworsny (US) H Agecratt ttWqusk fadL 

Pangboume. rtottow Wafton H UorMan 
Combe School. 2M. 3mm Msec. Bam 

Betmctot Ml senom (US) w WaWa^emHy. 

3rmn ii*«. Womens Smuor ft I.Mekten- 

head «t Marlow. IL 3mm 40sec 2. Osms: 3. 

armor Anet Senior C: 1. Lady Eleanor Hobs 

School. XI. Arm 17 mg 2. Cons 3. SI 


‘denotes home amm 


•cores: {US unless Stated): 28ft r Munh*. 

71. 70. 8ft 71. 283: G Itamm (**>, 72. A 
82. 73. 28* A Bean. 6B.«74.§M Ooraid. 

89. 73. 89. 73; 0 Love. 72. Bft 7ft 74. ga* c 

ROM. 69. 7ft 70; 7ft,8 CMSf. TftW- 89. 7ft M 

O Grady. 73. 68,-fiB, 75. 2»N Price SA|. 7i. BURRATOR. Dwtrew: TrenMdwttto Cira: I - 
71.71. 73: R Cote (5A£71. 7ft fiftWJ9nje£ Great Britain. 280pta: 2. Canada. 25t 3. 

70,7l.J7_73 n Rtramrejn -m wi ^ .. . , - 


orienteering 


(Mtodenhead); 2. W M Martin pare); 3 M 
ward (Hsnoion School), ai. 3nim lOsec. 

Novkw. 1. i Harris (Cay ol. Oxford). Ml. 3mn 


1GMC: 2. J T F« 

(Henley) 9ctaete:P 


I GuSem 
NR.I 


By Peter Marson 



An heroic partnership be- 
tween PbiUip Carrick and Pieter 
Hartley, who put on 98 runs for 
the eighth wicket, effectively 
took Yorkshire dear of defeat 
against Warwickshire at 
Headingley yesterday. York- 
shire were set a target of 287. but 
lost seven wickets in making 56, 
and -it was at this point that 
Carrick. who made 38 not out. 
and Hartley. 61 not out, came to 
thwart Gifford's gaggle of 
bowlers. 


was 


76. 


now 


Fletcher. When lunch 
taken. Lloyd bad reached 
and Warwickshire's lead 
was 234. in a little over half an 
hour afterwards. Lloyd moved 
to his first hundred this season, 
in which he hit 10 fours in a stay 
of 162 minutes, before foiling 
caught and bowled to Fletcher. 
Ginord immediately issu«i his 
challenge by declaring at 201 for 
four. 

At Grace Rood, where Robin- 
son had suffered a fracture to the 


tn 


Small fired the first damaging little finger of his left hand 
salvo in Yorkshire's first in- attempting a catch on Sunday. 


nings. and he did so again now 
when he had Moxon and Met- 
calfe caught behind in the third 
over. With the score 27, Sharp, 
too. fell to Small and one run 
later Love bowed out to a catch 
ofTGrffoftL 

Yorkshire declared overnight 
at their total of 300 for six. so 
that when Lloyd and Smith 
walked out to take guard in the 
morning, it was with Warwick- 
shire sitting on a lead of 85 runs. 


to 


Pick, who had been sent in 
hold the fort before the dose on 
Saturday, reappeared in com- 
pany with Randall, with Not- 
ringhaare iaire standing 367 runs 
behind Leicestershire. . Most 
bowlers like to think they caji 
bat a bit. and with a lop score of 
63. obviously Pick can. He 
siayed firm as Randal! fell to 
Benjamin and Rice to De 


Freitas, and had all but lasted 
the morning session when he 


UoytTwasIn a bailing frame of became the'fourth wicket to fell 
mind and his enterprise formed at 1 38. caught by Butcher off De 
f - *5— i *TT 55. 


the main foundation of a fine 
partnership of 142 for the first 
wickeL This was Warwickshire's 
best stan this season, before 
Smith. (63). was bowled by 


Freitas for — 

Johnson, too. batted well and 
when Nottinghamshire took 
lunch at 173 for four. Johnson 
was 76. 


YESTERDAY’S OTHER SCOREBOARDS 


Worcs y Hampshire 


AT WORCESTER 

HAMPSHIRE: Fkst timings 158 (P J 
Newport 5 for 52). 


KM Curran c sub b Doughty — 

R C Russell not out 

CWJAthey notout 

Extras (6 12. lb 23, w 1. nto 6) 


Second 


VP Tanv c Rhodes b 
LSnrni 


CLSmnhb 
•MCJMchotss 


Innings 
i Priogeon 


Newport . 


R A Snath c and b Newport 

K D Jamas c Rhodes to Radford 


MDMarahaflb Newport 
C G Gseanttge tow t> Newport 
N G Cowtoyo Prtdgean , 


1ft J Parts c Radford b Newport . 

TMTramtattb Newport 

C A Connor not out 


Extras (b 1.lb1& (to 5). 
Total 


_ 1 
66 
1G 
15 
14 
24 
_ 0 
. 5 
.0 
- 2 
0 


Total 15 wteta) 

PALL OF WICKETS: 


242 


IBS. 5-184. 


1-6, 2-12. 3-37. 4- 


SUHREY: First Iratows 
b Walsh 


A R Butcher c Gravemy b 
GS CMIon isirad hurt _ 
A J Stewart not out 


M A Lynch c Gravwwy b Watati . 
N JFaflcneri 


r run out . 


9 


-_19 

156 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-1. 2-23.3-43,4-80. 
5-1Z7. 6-127. 7-144.8-147. 9-156. 10-156. 
BOWUNG: Radford 15-3-44-1; Prtdgeon 
14.2-8-19-3; Newport 17-1-48-6: 
Efingwarm 15L6-260; Mat 1-040. 
WORCESTERSW RE First Innings 


A Neadtumr c sub b Batobrtdoe 
1C J Richards c Lloyds b Graveney— 16 

RJ Doughty c Russell b wash 17 

M Sckiw c Russefl b Walsh — 

A H Gray Ibw b Walsh 

•P I Pocock c Gravwwy b Watetr 
Extras (to 5. nb Z) 


Total (9 wkts, 57 oven). 


158 


TS Curbs tow bTrsralett 
□ B D’Okvara run out 


G A Hick c Nicholas b Marshall . 
D M Smtti c and b Marshal , 


•P A Neales NKMas b Marshall 
R K M ngworth run out ■ 


D N Patel e C L Smith b Connor 
tSJ Rhodes c Parts b Connor . 
PJ Newport ibw b Marshal — 
Ftadtordf 


NV 


A P Prtdgeon c Parks b 
Extras (b 1, lb 9. w 1, nb 1 


14 

33 

21 

44 

- Q 
14 

- 0 

_ a 

31 
23 
- 3 
21 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-10, 2-33. 3-74. 
4-91. 5-113. 6-138, 7-138. B-146. 9-158. 
BOWUNG: Lawrence 20-3-67-0; Walsh 
17.1-5-41-6: Gravenay 9-4-20-1: 
Batitondge 12-3-25-1. 

Umpires: KEPafowr and OR Shepherd. 


Kent v Glamorgan 

AT MAIDSTONE 


GLAMORGAN: First Innings 277 (H Morris 
, M P Maynard £ 


Total (78 overs) 


92. D B Paubne 55. 1 
Aldermen 5 tor 57). 

Second Minings 
D B Pausne tow b Alderman , 
H Morris not out 


)52:TM 


Wells that lifted. Harper and 
Watenon were out either side of 
lunch. Cook and Mallender 
finally saved the follow-on. 

Sussex began cautiously, 
though the Northamptonshire 
bowlers seldom extracted the 
same lift that had been a feature 
earlier. Capet took the wickets of 
both opening batsmen. Green 
was leg-before when he pushed 
forwaid down the wrong line. 
Standing lost patience after 90 
minutes, hit across the line and 
Harper held a catch above his 
bead at first slip. 

Parker and Imran, without 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-35. 2-73. 3-73. 4- 
73. 5-100. 6-100. 7-100. 8-170. 9-190. ID- 
204. 

BOWUNG: Marshal 23-2-704; Jams 9- 
1-27-0: Cbrmor 19-2-42-2; Tromtett 1ft5- 
29-1: Cowtey 11-2-26-1. 

Bonus' polnte: Hampshire 5. Wbrcester- 
stxrBft 

Unfoires: C Cook and J H Hampshire. 


204 GCHOtores ndtout , 


Extras (b 1, nb 5 ) . 


Total (1 wtt) 

.OFVWCKET:1-ft 


FALL I 

KENT: First bvtetgs 
M R Benson c Thomas b Halms . 
SGMnksc Davies b Thomas 


E 


A Marsh c Davies b Hickey. 

J Tavart C Maynard b Hickey . 


Yorks y Warwicks 


NR Taylor c Maynard bOntong . 
5 Cowdrey c Davies b Hickey , 


AT HEADINGLEY 

Yartsftra fipts) draw Wamacks hm 
ffil* 

WARWICKSHIRE: first Innings 385 (B M 
McMillan 134. D L Amisb 83) 

Sacond Innings 

TA Lloyd cand b Fletcher 100 

PASrrmhbRaichar 63 

D L Amiss cBavstowb fietchar 18 

tGWHwnpagab Carrick 10 

AsM Din notbut 2 

Extras (to 7. nb 1) . . 8 



K B S Jarvis not out 


Extras (b4. b7.w5.nb 12). 
TOW (935 Overs) 


- 28 
282 


Total (4 wkts dec) 


201 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-142. 2-174. 3-191. 
4-201. 

BOWUNG: Fteteher 13.1-1-64-3; SJawS- 
1-22-0; Carrick 21-2-50-1: Harfley 34J-22- 
0. Swallow 6-0-36-0. 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-34, 1-122. 3-148, 4- 
184.5-187.6-200, 7-200,8-207.9-247, 10- 
282. 

BOWUNG: Thomas' 25-6-653: Hckay 
135-1-87-3: Ontong 258553: Banmcfc 
1 1-2-250; Hoknea lO^ZT-l; Derrick 2-1- 
2 - 0 . 

Bonus points: Kant? .Glamorgan 7. . 

■ Umpires: J Birkfinshaw and D G L Evans. 


LeicsY .Notts'-- 


50-3; McMfflan 12-3-54-0: < 

2: Km 24-4-750: Muntnn 12-5-24-0; 
Parsons 12-2-251) 

Second Innings . . 

G Boycott tow OMcMilan. 26 

MO Moxon cHumpageb Small 1 

A A Metcalfe cHumpegebSmaB 0 

K Snip b Sml 6 

J D Love c AsM Dtn b Grftord 0 


ATLBCESTBR 
LEICESTERSHIRE: first InnlngB 376 for 4 
dec (J J Whitaker 200 not out. P W9ey 
119) 

Second Innings 

L Potter c Randan b Pk* 47 

I P Butcher c Hammings b Saxelby 4 

P WHay b Saxetoy 5 

■D I Gower not out 46 




I L Bartow c Parsons b.McMtei - 6 

f Carrick not out — . — 38 

IGSwatowbwbKarr 1 

P J Hartley not out ; 61 

Extras (b 4. lb 7. w 4) 15 


J J Whitaker c Rice b Pick . 
TJ Boon not out. 


Extras (to 5. nb3) 
Total (4 wkts) . 


.130 


Total (7 wkts) 


154 


FALL OF WICKETS 1-5, 25, 527. 4-28. 
541.549, 7 -5ft 

BOWLING: SraaB 1523M; McMBan 10- 
522-2: Gtttord 14-4-21-1: Kerr 51-351: 
Aslt Ott 2-1-50: Smite 51-294). 

Umpires: R A White and B Lsadbeater.- 
OFFMHAL CO RR ECTION: YortsMre v 
Warwtdcshke: Yortshke test innings: G 
Boycott c AsM Dki b Small 4, not es 
previously punished 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-16. 206, 581. 4- 
107. 

NOTTINGHAMSHIRE: first Inrtngs 
RTRaUrisanc Whitaker bDeFrattas 12 

B C Broad c Whitaker fa Agnew 0 

R A Pick c Butcher b De Freitas 55 

D W RandaN b Bantamin S 

*CEB Rice bDe Freitas 10 


P Johnson c told b Beniamin BO 

D J R Martindate C Agnew b De Frekas 9 

+BN French bDeFrattas 11 

E E Hammings c Butcher b Beni a mto , 3 

K Saxelby not out 32 

P M Such ran out ' — 6 


Gloucs v Surrey 

AT BRISTOL 

GLOUCESTERSHIRE: first Innings 185 (A 
J Wngfn 56). 

Second tmmgs 


Extras (b 5. to 10, w 1. nb 4) 
Total (66 overs) 


-20 

247 


A J Wright c and D Bteknefl 


A W SKJvoM c FaHcner b Doughty 5 

P Balnbridga c Lynch b Gray 3 

J W Lloyds tow b Butcher 74 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-1. 2-38. 556. 4- 
138. 518ft 5185. 7-194. 5212. 9-228, 15 
247. 

BOWUNG: Agnew 15562-1; Beniamin 
252-653; DeErwtas 21-2-755; WMay 5 
1-31-0. 

Bonus points: Latoe s Wst w a 8, Not- 
tinghamshire 3. 

Umpires: 0 J Constant and J H Harris. 


EQUESTRIANISM 


Skelton 


bis just 
reward 


By Jenny MacArthnr 


Nick Skeftoii. who. arrived in 
England at 4 am yesterday after 
competing in, the French Na- 
tions Cup meeting, was re- 
warded for his efforts - with a 
comfortable, win in the Crosse 
and Blackwell Trophy, the 
opening show jumping event at 
The Royal Show In 
Warwickshire. 

With his two top horses. 
Raffles St James and Apollo, 
remaining on the Continent in 
preparation for _ next week’s 
world stow jumping champion- 
ships in Aachen. West Ger- 
many. Skelton’s victory came 
on the eight-year-old. Raffles 
Airborne - a horse ' which 
Skelton hopes will replace St 
James when the latter retires. 

Yesterday's performance, 
following closely cm the heels of 
a fine victory in the inter- 
national trials at Lincoln last 
month, has done nothing to 
dampen those hopes. 

Geoff Glazzard continued his 
outstanding; season with 
Sunorra. a 1 7-year-old mare, by 
taking third place. Sunorra. the 
winner of the Daily Mail Cup at 
last .month's Royal Inter- 
national Show, looked threaten- 
ing in the jump-off, but 
Glazzaund took a gamble at the 
difficult while cate. He took nat 
a gallop and flattened if in the 
process. 

Skelton's fellow team mem- 
bers for next week's world 


championships — brothers Mi- 
ami John 


chael and John Whitaker, and 
Malcolm Pyrah — all of whom 
had made a similar dash back 
from France, foiled to reach the 
jump-off. 

The well-filled ridden hunter 
classes were a test of stamina for 
the judge. Mr John Downes, 
from The Wheatland, who rode 
18 honses in the lightweight dass 
alone — all in the intense 
midday heaL Tie wasted little 
time, however, in putting the 
outstanding Peri glen, owned by 
Mr and Mrs J A Crofts, at the 
head of the line and then, after 
an evidently enjoyable ride, 
moved the The Candyman. a 
five-year-old shown by Robert 
Oliver, up to second place. ' 

Perigien. a nine-year-old who 
is to be retired from the show 
ring at the end of the season, 
went , on to take the Ridden 
Hunter Championship. 


RESULTS: II — v y w ai g h t Hunter 1. Fox 
Fortune (Mrs V J Grtmhs): 2, Tyranb (S 
McCormack): 3, Seabrook (Mm J Dewar). 
Champions Riddon Hunter: 1, Pangten 
(Mr and Mrs J A Crofts). Rasarve: 
fisherman (Mrs D Tbomeycrotg. Crossa 
6 Btackwatl Trophy: 1, Raffias Airborne 
(N Stratton) dear, 5».42sec. 2. Viewpoint 
TP Heftar) clear: 37.12-3. Sunorra (G 
Glazanl) 4 faults. 34,45. RWUen Honiara: 
Nodes: 1, SUbbenran (Mrs NJ Turner}: 2. 
S Freeman (Gemsignet Bkxxtstock Udfc 
S.Assagarti 
oMKirSht 
Philip (Miss 


(T Durdop^Z 
P Tkidatet 3, Langdals Pflra 

r Hr ami Mrs RCawthrert- Lig htw d u htx: i 
■pBrigten (Mr anf-Mra J A Croft); SLThv 
Candyman (Gemagnet BtoodstodeJAfaJ 
3. Conte dkettete ( Mrs D 


M Mfiew Mi f ; 1. 


(Mrs 


Thonwycwfc 2, Sktobereen (Mrs N J 
Turner)-' 5 State Occasion. (Mouitlenh 
Grtxm). Ladas’ Hunter; 1, Classic Talas 


Gram), la 

(R Trigg): 2 Colgrove 
Sandoz ‘ * ~ 


D Colson): ft 

“ “ ' 1, 


Last Dance: — — 

Waters Edge (Mountteteb Group); 2. 
Bavados (Mrs J Smith); 3, ETtoerman (V 
Toutson). ‘ 


ODAYS FIXTURES 


CRICKET 
Brit anni c Assurance 
County Championship 
(11.0, 102 oven minimum) 
BIHSTOU Gtau c asteT S lttra v Sunny 
MAIDSTONE: KM v Glamorgan 
LIVER POOL : Lancashire v Derbyshire 
LEICESTER: Latoesteraliire v Notts 


HASTMGS: Sussex v Northamptonshire 
v Hampshire 


WORCESTER: Worn vM 

MTNOn COWHES CHAMPKJHSMP; 
nV k on haor t ChesrtrB v Bucto n ghan sh ire 
WARWICK UHDEB-2S O OMPETmoWt 
■■■■HP v Someraet 
So uteampt o n. -H a r nps h im v Sussex; 
Canterbury: Kant v Surrey: Old Traffont 
Lancashire v Oorbyshlre: Nort ham pton: 


NorthamptonaW revMkkBBsex. 
OTHER MATCH: CHI^^H 


Cn8 Service v Rff (at 

New Beckenham) 

OTHER SPORT 

CROQUET: MacRobertson Shtekt series: 
Great Britain v Australia (at Compton); 
Budlelgh Salterton and Woking 
tournaments 

BOWLS: Woman's International 

eta rTKJtoJWhips let Cardiff) 

EQUESTRIANISM: Royal 
Stonetelgh) 

TENN IS: AB-Engtand champion sh ips (at 
WSmbJedon) • - 


Royal Show (at. 


ENTERTAINMENTS 


39 


ART GALLERIES 


LTP. 41 New 

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629 2467. ExtaltXUon OT Amnt- 

cm Artel ANDERS CtSSON, 

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1955. Ltei Week 


JOAMM BOOTH ExMMUon of 
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CARAVAOCIO U81. Film ai 

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361 9742 

CARAVAGGIO tl8). Film 41 
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ENDS Tnura. STARTS Frl 4 

July CHARLOTTE 

CAINSOOLRC m AN 
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A ROOM WITH A VWW (K) . 

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T30 3.00 6. IS 8.46. ENDS 
Thur*. STARTS F71 4 July , 



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• TOW TO KOUNTW1H. lU> £35. 
4 45. 63a ML S£. 

hwrtahto In advance. 
AfrrWVka. Lie par 


Can you always gelyourcopy of TheTmeJl 


NAME. 


ADDRESS, 




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THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 





39 


>1 


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& 


ti 

f. 

£ 





’s television and radio programmes SW Kfe* 


w»rw iica: q 

vppsoansjai a?v 

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®*nv. v t *- k : - Oi 

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fSi la k ;a*s\^ 

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'.'ft.' 


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• ,. CMYjjTGsr.';:^-. 

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. *m>cr ©»' '-» r^' -ur.-. 

FV_r\:~ ~~ jl Mg.|« /■ 

gwigr^i 5J. " 




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fcm. f 0? .".V? 
.^iRampf j#rvh '-_■ ^ 

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fiwrr: F-n: .. . .— 

^ T fcr» 7 > 
dBw*^ . 'C- -- 

£f f&!gr V- 
wci*ti rti> ’,\ 

Wttjn^r - " . 71'.’ 
Mont - - ‘ ‘ , 

- -j- w . * 

■toK. 

:V| •mnuancttsj. ~— { .. 

Mr. arid \?W ; >>:.;'*•<. 
. »«t c-f -r; 

i.1 .4* ' f* rtJrr. :. . .' ~ ■*■ ** 

if I snoha; :c r I •.-',- -I’; : ”• 
I (nt^a,:.' -'. V 

- ftfrii*--- .-■:‘,v*r s 

1 « i<: 4w -. J 

ft' tt*t y. ?{•* -•• • '..• ... 7 - : 

■ .««%; • -i. I';?- 1 

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W|lw.rj. *»rnin;i: . 

* • •_■ ... v 7- 

. OaAiu-jrs Koirr • '•' I, ' : 

: {SA^ ; 

•I &§m**»* -Wr 


GJtt Cevfax AM. . 

- gP^-Qraenwood and 
Ng^Wtettierat 
'"- ' :HS » 7 "^* 7w %*’ 8^5 and 
8.55; national and 
' .viternational news at &57. 
7^7,7 J7 and 8J27; 
national and rntemational 
news at 7^)0, 7jn Bno 

•::fgaafiariSSt« 

• .* .M? wd 7.40; and a . 
r- : rewewof the' morning 

. . vWvfpapers at 8J7 .>(qs, 

the Junior and Aduit 1 ' 

“.'•'• 'My|MLJnes;gardening 1 
matsfram Alan — 

•'.' id : ' ptchmarsh; and a recipe 

.VtomGtpr GhrlstSan. 

: a20 The Goode Kitchen. The' 

'■ , gstprogramme in Shirley 
. Goode’s series on ' 

- ;1 ihexpensWe eating 935 

--- Ceeftnt 1030 Ptay School 

— •• K^oritedb^ShMiagh 
''■;v Gilbeyvrth guest, Stuart 
^ graffley-m 10-50 CMtea. 

NwsAfter Noon with 

■ Rtehapd Whitmore and 

Frances Coverdale. • 

, • indudes news headlines 

1 r with -subtittes- 1.25 
- 'Regtenal news. The 
*’ .. : ■ jwather details come Jrom 

- . John Ketttey. ijo. 

7? ... . Rngermouse. A See-Saw 

• . programme for the young.; 

. 1^5 Wimbledon 86. Actkxi 
. from the Centre and 
. Number One Courts, 

' introduced by Harry - 

,•:■'■? Carpenter 4.12 Reglonat 

- news 


6.15 Good Morning Britain 

presented byAnne 
Dlamondand Henry Kelly. 

H«ws with Gordon 1 

I^neycombe at 6 JO. 7.00, 
. 7^0, auQ, 840 and axio; 
financial report at ate 

sport at G.40, 740 and 
• J-40; exercises at 6.55 and 
. . ?J2: cartoon at 7JZ5: poo 

. video at 7^5; Jem 
Barnett's postbag at 845; 
7RogerDaJtteyat5i.D3: 

. Russ Abbott and the ca st 
of Hi-de-Hl! make 25 
children's dream come 
true at 9.12. 


ITV/LONDON 


3-25 Thames news headlines 
followed by Struggle 
Beneath the Sea. A profile 
Of the Sea Catfish 945 

The Animal Health Trust 

A look at the work of the 

organisation 10.25 
Revenge of the Nerd. A 
computer buff takes over a 
television station and 
broadcasts a 


purporting to come 
an alien 1145 Home 
Cookenr Ctadi. Summer 
. Sweet Omelette. M 

(11.30 About Britain. Tiie story of 
1 how Edinburgh's City 

Gallery became the first 
r to display a 
i of the famous 





i f i Sfc*.-*-:' i A . r i 7.30 EastEnden. 

*1 *bf» ' ar.s.-f 1 •• interview tCel 


u 


4 i-tee-Jk- . - VL-p. 

->S _S.*i.7 ■ 

- -C- v-u= - r —a- 

9» L»~' r- jpc 

•1 a v . . . sr 

“«• : •■■.■XTr : 
4 ■..■•!.*»■' L7-. ; "t- 

: ig te f ivtaa^t • yv t 

. 

‘- ^r - • -'■■•' •■• ••’ ; ' . 

•lenr'; . &- ■. .- -s* 

.**»•* i.'.ir ■* -T j*4 . 

J.A»r*i.-v "• • - : -«s 

I- *•>>* "C-. 


i TODAY'S FiXTUSS 




^aNumber.Johnny Bali 
'• fakes a /ighthearted look 
■. at science and number. 
540 John Craven’s 

- Newsrauncr&fiS We Are 
the Champions. Heat five 
: oftheJnter-schoolfleid 
• - and. pool competition. Ron' 
. Pfckering introduces tha 
: - teams - Glan-y-Mor 
Comprehensive. Burry 
Port; Maesydderwen 
. County Comprehensive, 

. " Ystradgyniais; end • 

. Penyrneol 
. " Comprehensive, 

Gorseinon - with guest 
- '■. Rugtw Union “mlemational, 
PaulThorbum. 

5.35 Paddles Up. The second 
' heat of the international 
canoeingcompetitjon. 
Richard Fox, tite current 
champion, is challenged 
". by the national champions 
. . of Yugoslavia, France, and 
The Netherlands. 

6.00 News with SuaLawtey and 
Nicholas- WHcheN. 

- Weather- *• 

645 London Plus. 

7.00 Teny and June. The 
altrustic couple deckle to 
help their local publican 
vflren he is taken ill butthis 
coinddes with Sir Dennis’s 
edict condemning 

• moonlighting. How wUi the 
lr wriggle out of this . - 
/orra?jh ..-I; 1 

7.30 EastEnderaThepoflce. ;; 
interview fteivin and • 
Cassfe about ttieborglary 

attHe4urgeryandK#rin - 

for one Is upset byjhe . 
police sergeant's lirra of - 


12.00 CoddeaheU Bay. 

adventures of the Cookie 
twins 12.10 Rainbow, 
teaming made fun by - 
puppet and guest Liz 
Smith, (r) 1240 Tha 
SulHvans. 

140 News at One 140 Thames 
news 140 Tucker's 
Witch. A husband and wife 
detective team investigate 
the disappearance of a 
rich woman. 

240 Family Matters. The 

parents of drug addict and 
pusher. Karen Chisholm, 
talk to Cotin Morris about 
their decision to have her 
returned to Holloway 
Prison. 340 Mouthtrap. 
Game show presented by 
Don Maclean, with Sally 
James and Chrf&Tarrant 
345 Thames news 
headlines 340 The Young 

DoctftfS 

440 CocklesheB Bay. A repeat 
of the programme shown 
at noon 4.10 The 
Moombts. Cartoon series. 





wihehwten the defence' ,. 
-■ counsel accuses Kate of . 

840 ?SSo?5SrSffy':;4^ 
Took takes another dip 
“ Into tha BBC's postbag. 
940 News with Julia SomervHte 
and Andrew Harvey. • 
Weather. 

940 .’Alio 'Alio. A plan to get 
the British airmen back to. 
England misfires when the 
. plane supposed to rescue 
them only deposits an 
r agent disguised as a 
, gendarme, (r) (Ceefax) 
1040 Miami Vice. Crockett and 
" Tubbs cross the path of 
' Chata (Eartba Kftt) when 
they investigate a religious 
■ > sect involved In the 

' ^^tcoomi 

Lynam introduces Match 
of the Day. 

11.45 International Athletics. 
HJgbBghts of the DN Gaian 
• . Meeting in Stockholm. 
1245 Weather. 


Magazine programme for 
young teenagers. 

5.15 Star Choice. Horoscope 
game with Russell Grant. 
Katie Boyle and Eve 
Pollard. 

5.45 News 640 Thames news. 
645 Reporting London. Is the 
River Thames reaHy 
becoming cleaner? 

Graham Addicott - 
examines Greenpeace’s 
claim that the dumping of 
waste in the Thames 
estuary is polluting the 
North sea. Plus, the 
results of a surrey of the 
attitudes to crime and 
policing of the people who : 
live .on hie Broadwater 
Farm Estate. 

740 Enunerdale Farm. Are 
"Seth's diin king, days over 
-in tiie Woofcack? • 

740 Duty Free. Comedy series 
a bout two couples on 
fglii^ki;Spa&i.{r) 

640 Film: Charade (1963) 
starring Cary Grant and 
Audrey Hepburn. A 
romantic thriller about a 
j woman, on the way 
=rance to dfvwce her 
husband, who becomes 
embroiled with the 
mysterious Peter Joshua 
and a burled fortune of 
gold, hidden away during 
tee Second Wodd War. 
Directed by Stanley 
Don an. 

11040 News at Ten. 

1 1040 First Tuesday. The 
Guildford Tune Bomb. 


young' 
to Fran 


1140 


(see Choice) 
Fib 


ulm: Tha Blood Beast 
Terror (1967) starring 
Peter Cushing as 
Inspector QuermeU 
investigating a series of 
horrific murders. Directed 
by Vernon SewelL 
1 1245 Night Thoughts. 


Mothers of jailed sobs; First 
Tuesday, ITV, ]040pn 


•There aren't any Ifs or buts 
or possibWs or on-the-ather- 
hands about Grant McKee's 
THE GUILDFORD TIME- 
BOMB. this month's First 
Tuesday documentary from 
Yorkshire Television. Feet 
planted firmly on what it regents 
as rock-hard evidence, it 
proclaims that a spectacular 
miscarriage of justice was 
perpetrated when three men and 
a women were sentenced to 
life imprisonment for the 
bombing of two Guildford 
pubs in 1974. Nothing new about 
mis, of course. Hardly a day 
goes by without someone 
casting doubt bn the 
confessions of the Guildford 
Four that led to their 
conviction. And nothing new, 
either, about First Tuesday's 
parallel dahn that the real 
planters of the Guildford 


CHOICE- 


bombs were the IRA Balcombe 
Street gang. You must not, 
therefore, expect any 
sensational new disclosures 
in First Tuesday. What you can 
confidently expect of ft is that 
the cumulative effect of so much 
evidence produced to put the 
Guildford Four in an Innocent 
light will have the effect of 
overwhelming the belief (a 
doubtful assumption for the 
programme to make) that we, the 
viewers, know everything 
there is to know about the 
evidence that pointed to their 
guilt and put them behind bars. I 
am not saying that The 
Guildford Time-Bomb is not an 
important or timely film. What 
I am saying is that given the 


complexity of the mechanism, 
its fuse - and Hs running time - is 
too Short 

•Not much else on TV to get 
excited about today, except for 
Rene Clair's highly original 
comedy about divination, it 

Happened Tomorrow, 

(Channel 4, 3.00pm), and the 
men's and ladies' singles 
quarter-finals at Wimbledon 
(BBC2, 1.55pm, and BBC1. 
10.45pm). 

•Radio choice: a second 
chance to hear Guy Meredith's 
radio version of Anthony 
Burgess's 7SaS{Radk)3, 

7.30pm), and PruneHa 
Scales's dellctous portrait of a 
wife and mother adrift in a 
sea of domestic troubles m Diana 
Souhami's hafFhour comedy 
What a Saga (Radio 4,11 -00am). 

Peter DavaUe 


BBC 2 


655 Open University: Science - 
the Dawn of Man. Ends at 
740. 

940 Ceefax. 

145 Wimbledon 86 and 
International Athletics. 
Day eight of the AIL 
England Club 
Championships; and thB 
DN Galen Meeting in 
Stockh olm. T he 
commentators at 
Wimbledon are Dan 
Maskeli, John Barrett, 
Gerald Williams, Barry 
Davies, Mark Cox. Bill 
Thratfalt, Ann Jones and 
Virginia Wade; In 
Stockholm, David 
Coleman, Ron Pickering 
and Stuart Storey. 

8.10 Wfustie Test Mark Ellen is 
in Jutland visiting The 
Damned who are using a 
remote farmhouse to 
record their latest album, 
celebrating their 1 0 years 
together; in the studio, 
Andy Kershaw presents 
The Bangles and It Bites; 
and at the Town and 
Country Club. Ro Newton 
listens to the Jonathan 
Rlchman/Terry Allen 
double act 

940 FHm: Caddie (1976) 

starring Helen Morse and 
Jack Thompson. 

Continuing the Australian 
film season, a drama 
based on fact Sat in 
1920s Australia, the story 
concerns a young wife and 
mother who discovers her 
husband is having an 
affair. She confronts him 
with the fact that she has 
teamt of his infidelity and ■ 
he reacts violently. Caddie 
then reacts in a way that 
was unheard of at the time 
- she packed her bags and 
left her middle class 
existence, a tong with her 
four children. Tne fHm 
follows her adventures as 
she discovers how harsh 
We can be when the 
country, and toe rest of the 
world, rs m the middle of 
an economic depression. 
Directed by Donald 
Cromtiie. 

10.45 Newsnight The latest 
national and international 
news including extended 
coverage of one of the 
main stories of the day. 
Presented by Peter Snow, 
Donakl MacConmick and 
Olivia O'Leary. 

1140 Weather. 

.1145 Music at Night HoweUs's 
King David. * 

11.40 Open UniversrhcXnottley 
Fields - Whose Timetable? 
The second of two films 
folkwing the introduction 
of a new course at a 
comprehensive school. 
Ends at 12.10. 



Mario Lanza: Channel 4, 9.00pm 


CHANNEL 4 


2.15 Their LonfeMpe* House. A 
repeat of last night's 
highlights from toe day's 
proceedings in the House 
of Lords, presented by 
Glyn Matthias. 

240 Ulster Landscapes, in this 
penultimate programme of 
toe series the spotlight 
falls on toe seaside towns 
of the Province, (r) 

3.00 Film: It Happened 

Tomorrow* (1 944) starring 
Dick Powell and Linda 
Darnell. Cub reporter, 

Larry Stevens, becomes a 
star when he writes a 
series of scoops after 
acquiring newspapers that 
somehow print the next 
clay's news. Directed by 
Rene Clair. 

4.30 Dancin’ Elays. Daily soap 
about a woman adjusting 
to Rio de Janeiro society 
after spending 11 years in 
jail. Starring Sonia Braga. 

540 Bewttchea When 

Samantha's uncle gives 
Darrin a good luck charm, 
Darrin fears nothing and 
nobody - but then it turns 
out that the charm is only 
a lamp filament 

5.30 Pets m Particular. In this 
week's edition of the 
series on pets. Lesley 
Judd has advice on how tc 
bring up a kitten; how 
people are making money 
out of tortoises; and a look 
at a controversial method 
of treating pets. (Oracle) 

640 Cricket in India. A 
documentary in which 
Yavar Abbas explores the 
history of cricket in his 
native India, (r) 

740 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons and 
Nicholas Owen. 

740 Comment from Robert 
Whelan, a researcher of 
population Issues. 

Weather. 

840 Brook side. Bobby's union 
job is at stake when he is 
carpeted by toe executive. 

8.30 Moneyapinnerfrom the 
Assembly Rooms. Bath. 
Pension schemes; 
handling your debts; and 
Investing money are 
among toe subjects 
discussed this evening. 
Presented by Alison 
Mitchell with Christopher 
Gilbert of What 
Investment? magazine, 

Paul Soper, an 
accountant Sally Hawkins 
from toe National 
Association of Citizens 
Advice Bureaux, and 
lawyer, Howard Stone. 

940 FHm: That Mktmmrt Kiss 
(1949) starring! Mario 
Lanza and Kathryn 
Grayson. Romantic 
musical about a singing 
truck driver who becomes 
an opera star. With Ethel 
Barrymore and Jose Iturbl 
Directed by Norman 
Taurog. 

1040 The Unrepeatable Who 
Dares Wins—Hij 
from the Late n^ 
alternative comedy show. 
Wirti Julia Hills, Rory 
McGrath, Jimmy MulvHle, 
Philip Pope ana Tony 
Robinson. 

1140 Archie Bunker's Place. 
Archie and Murray are on 
red alert when the Night 
Bandft raids a number of 
premises in their district 
Starring Carroll O'Connor 
and Martin Balsam. 

11.45 Their Lordships' House. 
Highlights of toe day’s 
proceedings in the House 
of Lords. Ends at 12.00. 


C Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. VHF variations at end 
545 Shipping. 640 News Briefing; 
Weather. 8.10 Farming 
Today, from the Royals how 
at Stonetefgh.WBrwick- 
Shira. 645 Prayar(s) 

640 Today, ind 640, 740, 

940 News. £-45 
Business News. 645, 745 

Weather. 740. 840 
News 

9.00 News 

9.05 Tuesday Calk 01-580 
4411. Phone-m. 

1040 News; From Our Own 
Correspondent 
1040 Morning Story: The 
Boat's On The Other 
Foot by JL Burton. 

10.45 Daily Service- (New 

Every Morning, page 93) 
11.00 News: Travel; Thirty- 
Minute Theatre, what A 
Saga. A comedy by Diana 
Souhami, starring 
Prunella Scales as the 
housewife beset by 
troubles 

1143 The Living World. David 
Streeter. Jim Flagg, and 
Peter France delve into 
ditches, meadows, and 
hedges in search of wikiffle- 
1240 News; You and Yours. 

1247 Brain of Britain 1986. 

General knowledge 
contest Second round: 
South; 12.55 Weather; 

1.00 The World At One: News 
1,40 The Archers. 

240 News; Woman '5 Hour. A 
special house for families 
with youngsters who are 
patientsat Guy's 
Hospital. 

340 News; The Afternoon 
Play. Two Minutes to toe 
Top of the Hour, by Michael 
Bartetl With Sean Arnold 
and Stavan Rimkus. 

440 News 

4.05 The Local Network. Paul 
Heiney, with the help of 
BBC Local Radio stations, 
examines a subject of 
currant interest 

440 Kaleidoscope. Sir Colin 
Davis talks to Paul 
Vaughan (r) 

540 PM: News magazine. 

540 Shipping. 

640 News; Flnancial'Report 
640 Comedy Playhouse. 

Museum Pieces, by 
David Luck, with a cast 
including Sam KeUy. 

Ronald Hardman (r) (s) 

7.00 News 


7.05 The Archers 

740 File On 4. Women priests: 

• win toe issue spni toe 
Church of England ? Dr 
Graham Leonard, .Bishop 
of London, is interviewad- 

8.00 Medicine Now. Geoff 
Watts on the health of 
medical care. 

840 The Tuesday Feature: 
Hunter of Beautiful 
Words. A tribute to Arthur 


of works in 

Chinese and Japanese. 

His widow. AEson. 
introduces and reads 
from his work. . 

9.00 In Touch. News, views, 
and information for 
people with a visual 
handicap. 

940 A Sideways Look 

At , . .by Anthony Smith. 

9-45 Kaleidoscope. Includes 
comment on the Venice 
Biennale. 

10.15 A Book At BBdtime. Final 
episode of Still Ufa, by 
Richard Cobb. Read by Cyril 
Luckham. 1049 Weather 

10.30 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 
Tonight 

1140 Today In Parliament 

12.00 News; Weather. 

VHF (available in England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except 5J&B40am Weather 
Travel. 145- 2. 00 pro 
Listening Comer. 540-545 
PM (continued). 1140- 
12.10am Open U rovers tty: 
1140 Open Forum; 

Students' Magazine. 

Science: 

( Radio 3 ) 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 
end 

645 Weather. 740 News 

7.05 Concert Bortnyansky 
(La fete du Seigneur 
overture). Gliere (Ballade). 
Handel (Trio-Sonata in G. 

Op 1 No 5: Pepin, flute and 
Leppard. harpsichordO. 
with Viala.celfo). Schubert 
(Symphony No 6).. 8.00 
News 

845 Concert (contd); 

Beethoven (Sonata in D. 

Op 28. Pastoral: Schnabel, 
piano}., Chabrier (Four 
songs. Barnyard Suite: 
Cuenod. tenor). 

Khhachaturian (Masquerade 
suite). 940 News 

945 This week's Composer 
Mare-Antokie 


Charpentier. Imermedes. La 
mamage force), 

Serenata. and Su.su.su. non 

dorni'rta imermedes. from 

Venus ef Adonfs. with 
Kweila.Nigei 
Rogers .Stephen 
Varcoe. Parley of 
instruments 

940 Stravinsky; Cleveland 
Orchestra (under tiie 
composer Jplay Jeu de cartes 
baueimusic 

10.15 Michael Georgs and 
Graham Johnson; 
bantone and piano recital. 


Mussorgsky (Songs and 
Dances of Death) and Liszt 
(Petrarch Sonnets) 

1140 String Trio music . 

Cummings Trio play . . 
Mozart's Adagios and 
fugues i.n D minor, G 
minor and F major, and 
Reger's Trio in D minor, . 
Op 141b 

1440 Horn and prano rectal: 

• Michael Thompson and 
Jack Kaaney. Schumann 
(Adagio and Allegro in A . . 
flat). Poutenc fSlgie) and 
Beethoven (Sonata in F)' 
15.25 Scottish National 

Orchestra (under Jarvi). 
with SNO Chorus, and 
Fetfdty Lon (soprano) 
and Andrew Kirk hope 
(bass). Pan one. Mozart 
(Divertimento in 0 major. K 
136). Strauss (Morgen 
Op 27 No 4. and other 
Strauss works including 
MeTOem Kinds. Op 37 No 3. 
and Die heiligen drei 

Konige, Op 56 No 6 .140 
News 


; Eduardo 

Fernandez ptey VBla- 
Lobos's Twelve Studies 
2.10 Frands Burt and other 
. emigres: Matyas Setter 
(Quartet No 3. Quartette 
iirico). Burt (lambics. 

1953). Gottfried von Einem 
■ ■ (the ballet suite Medusa), 
and Burt s Und Gott der Herr 
sprach. Reflections on a 
Golden Wedding. 1984 with 
Aire Zakai, 


I Kurt 


soloists Mira 

Wolfgang Schone and 

4.00 Beastly Ballads: Richard 
Jackson (baritone), 

Graham Johnson (piano). 

445 News 

540 Mainly for 

Pleasure: recorded music 
selection, presented by 
Richard Baker 

640 Robert Ballard: Stephen 
Stubbs (lute) in pieces 
from the French court 
lutenist's 1 61 1 and 161 4 
publications 

740 Nano music: Julie Adam 
plays Mozart's Sonata in 
E flat.K 2282; Chopin's 
Polonaise in G sharp 
minor. Op posth; and 
Bartok's improvisations. 
Op 20 

740 198S: Anthony Burgess's - 
novel, adapted by Guy 
Meredith. Starring Nigel 
Anthony, 

940 Bergman 75th Birthday 
Concert Endymion 
Ensemble/New London- 
Chamber Choir/soloists 
Stephen Varcoe and 
Penelope Watmsiey- 
Ctarke. Erik Bergman's 
Fag lama. Op 56a: Nox, 

Op 65; Hathor Suite. Op 70 

1040 Bournemouth Sinfonietta 
(under Montgomery). 
Schubert (Overture in C, in 
the Italian style* D 591). 


Tippett (Divertimento on 
SeWngefs Round) and 
Haydn's Symphony No 104 
11 1.15 Clarinet and piano 

recital: Jack Brymer and 
lan Lake. Weber (Grand duo 
concertanL Op 48). 

Neville Bower (Evocation) 
and Joseph Horcwitz 
i (Sonatina) 

1147 News 1240 Closedown 

VHF only: Open 
University. From.6.35amio 
645. Modem art 

C Radio 2 ) 

4.00am Colin Berry (s) 540 Ray 
Moore (s) 740 Derek Jameson (s) 
940 Ken Bruce (a) 1140 Jimmy 
Young plus medical questions 
answered by Dr Mika Smith (s) 
145pm David Jacobs (s> 240 
Wimbledon 86. The Ladles 
quarter-finals, tnd, 6.45 Sports 
Round-up 7.00 Moira Stuart 
i. The BBC Radio 


OT Tone. Concluding a Jour-part 
profile of Johnny Mercerp) 

9-55 Sports Desk 10.00 The 
Impressionists. Ray Alanwtth 
Pater GoodwrightDave Evans. 
Hilary O'Neill, and Brian CoshaU 
1040 I'm Sony I Haven't A Clue. 

MftB Harding and Willis 
Rushton with Graham Garden, 

Barry Over — and as chairman 
- Humphrey Lyttelton 11.00 Brian 
Matthew presente Round 
Midnight (stereo from midnight) 
1.00am Bill Rennells presents 
Nightride (s) 340-440 A Little Night 
Music (s) 

C Radio 1 ) 

540 Adrian John 7.00 Mike 
Smith's Breakfast Show 9.30 
Simon Bates 1240pm 
Newsbeat (Frank Partridge) 12.45 
Gary Davies (Top 40 sing 
chart] 3.00 Steve Wright i 
Newsbeat (Frank Partridr 
5.45 Bruno Brookes, mdat 640, a 
Top 40 singles chart 740 
Janice Long, ind John Walters' - 
Diaryl 0.-1 240 John Peel (s). 

VHF Radios 1 & 2: — 440am As 
Radio 2. 240 Gloria Hunniford 
(S) 340 David Hamilton (s) 5.05 
John Dunn (s). 740 As Radio 2. 
1040 As Radio 1. 1 240-4. ooam As 
Radio 2. 


WORLD SERVICE 


(LOO Nawsdesk. 640 Counterpoint- 740 
Nows. 749 Twenty- Four Hours. 7-30 
Putting Pol itics in ns Piece. 7.45 
SpcxtsworU. are News. ILOB Reflections. 

8.15 Japan Walks. 040 BSC Singers. 9.00 
News. 949 Review ot British Press. 9.15 
Wdritf Today. 940 Flngnod News. 8.40 
Look Ahead. 9L4S What's New. 10-00 
News. 1041 Discovery. 11.00 News. 
1149 News About Britain. 11.15 Wave- 
guide. 11-25 A Letter From Scotland. 
114® Journey through Latin America. 
1240 Rado Newsreel. 12-15 Human 
Voice. 1245 Sports Roundup. 140 News. 
1.09 Twenty-Four Hours. 140 
sponsworid. 200 Outlook. 245 Pied 
Piper, 340 Radio Newsreel. 3.15 A Jotiy 
Good Show. 440 News. 449 Commen- 
tary. 4.15 Sportsworid. 545 Sports 
Roundup. 7.45 Report on Reagan. &40 
News. 849 Twenty-Four Hours. 230 
Omnibus. 940 News. 941 SoortswonA 

9.15 Concert Hall 1040 News. 1049 
World Today. 1045 Letter from SoottsncL 
1040 Financial News. 1040 Reflections. 
1045 Sports ftouncftjL 1140 News. 1149 
Commentary. 11.15 Ofl the Beaten Track. 
1140 Human Voice. 1240 News. 1249 
News About Britain. 12.15 Radn News- 
reel. 1240 Omratius. 140 News. 141 
Outlook. 140 Report on ReUgnm. 145 

. 240 News. 2-09 Review Df 
2.15 Sportsworid. 240 No 
Exceptions. 3.00 News. 349 News About 
Britain. 3.15 World Today. 445 Reflec- 
tions, 440 Financial News. 540 News. 
549 Twemy-Foix Ho ire. 545 The World 
Todav. ABflnaa teOMT. 


RBC1 WALES 545pwfi40 
ppw 1 Wales Today S45-7.00 The 
Ffintstonae 940-1040 The Cottiers' 
Crusade 1245 mi- 12.10 News and 
weather. SCOTLAND 1O20ein-1O4O 
Dotaman S45pm-740 Reporting Scot- 
land. NORTHERN HELAND 
HL20am-1040 Today's Sport 540-540 
Inside Ulster 545-740 Paddles Up 
1245am-12.10 News and weather. EN- 
GLAND 1240-1240pm East on Two 
(east only) 645-740 Regional news 
magaams. 

CHANNEL As London except 
wn*4reieg s, a M w iSa9amearw|t: 

1040-1140 Echo ot Diana 140pm 
News 1.30-240 Country Practice 5.15- 
545 Sons and Daughters 640 Chan- 
nel Report 640 Light Bkies 645-740 
Crossroads 740 Duty Free B40 
Magnum 940-1040 Brideshead Revisit- 


ed 1140 Mysteries of Edgar Wattace 
1240am Closedown. 

esAMPSANJSssr™ 

Thing 940 Once Upon a TTme^.Man 
1045 Sesame Street 1040 Short Story 
11.15-1 140 Smurfs 1240pre-140 
Gardening Tune 140 News 140-240 
Family Theatre 5.1 5-54$ Emmerdsle 
Farm 640 North Toi^jht 645 Crossroads 
740 Me and My Girt 740 Duty Free 
640 Hotel 200-1040 Brideshead Revisit- 
ed 1140 DorVI Knock the Rock 
1240am News. Closedown. 

GRANADA 

940 John and Julie 1045 
Tatties 11.0§ Granada Reports 1145 
About Britain 11 40-1 240 Connec- 
tions 140pm Grenada Reports 140-240 
Afternoon Theatre 340 Short Story 

S 5.15-545 
Reports 

540 This « Your Right 645-740 Croes- 
roads 740 Duty Free 640 Magnum 
940-1040 Bndesnead Revoked 1140 
Men in a Suttcase 1240am 

Closedown. 


REGIONAL TELEVISION VARIATIONS 


940 Sesame Street 1045 Rock of 
the Seventies 1140 Cartoon 1145-1140 
Indian Legends 140pm News 140 
~ t Matters 240 Mouthtrap 245-340 

_ Show 5.15-545 Whose Baby? 

- Northern Life«45-740 Crossroads 
740 Duty Free 040 Quincy 94b- 
10.00 Brideshead Revisited 1140 Don't 
Knock the Rock 1240am My God is 
Real, Closedown. 

SCOTTtSH^r^ 

Street 1045 Cartoon 1045 Gienroe 
1140-1140 Mr T I240pm-140 Garden- 
ing Time 140 News 140-240 Man in 
a Suitcase 340-640 Sons ano Daughters 
S. 15-5.46 Emmerdoie Farm 6.00 
News and Scotland Today 645 Cross- 
roads 740 Take the High Road 740 

a rtee 840 Murder She Wrote 940- 
Bridashead Revisited 1140 
Lata Call 1145 About Gaoflc 1245am 
Closedown. 

CMC Starts: 140pm Dancin' Days 
Sail 140 Alice 240 HatabatamilS 

Interval 340 Sons ot Abraham 340 
Engfishman's Home 440 Bewitched 540 
Tyrtio 540 Car 54 . Where Are You? 

640 Father's Day 640 Moneyspmner 
740 NewvodlonSmh 740 Cetn 

Gwted 840 Scarlet Letter 940 
Chateauvaton 945 Lite Cycle 11.10 
Ftkrr Return Engagement 1245am 
Closedown. 

DOR DPR As London except 
BUSHED. 845am Sesame Street 
1045 Snaggle puss 1045 flobo Story 
1140 Onceupon 3 Time-. Man 1145- 
1140 Max The Mouse 140pm-140 
News 340440 Sons and I 


5.15-545 Me and My GVI 640 
Lookaround 645-740 Crossroads 740 
Duty Free 840 Hotel 940-1040 
Bndeshead Revisited 1140 Tates from 
the Daritsida 1240 Closedown. 

TRW As London except §4Sam 
JL2H, sesame Street 1045 Camtam 
Scarlet 1040 Max the Mouse 1140- 
1140 Connections 1240pm-140 Land ot 
the Dragon 140 News 140440 Ho- 
tel 348-4.00 Sons and Daughters 5.15 
Gus Haneybun 540-545 Crossroads 
640 Today South West 645 TWewews 
64S Carson's Law 740 Duty Free 
840 T J Hookar 940-1040 Brideshead 
Revisited 1140 Postscript 1146 New 
Avengers 1246am Ctoeedown. 

ANGLIA As London except 
SUssifll 945am Sesame Street 
1040 Cartoon 1045 Gienroe 1140- 
1140 Once Upon A Time-Man 1230pm- 
140 Gardens tor A> 140 News 140- 
240 Tucker'S Wttch 340-340 Star 
Owes 5.1 5^45 Emmerdete Fern 
640 About Anglia 645 Crossroads 7.0Q 
Me and My Gm 740 Duty Free 640 
Magnum 100-1040 Bridashead Ravish- 
ed Tl.»» Riptide 1245am Tuesday 
Tope. Closedown. 

ULSTER A* Lorxkm^ except 
y.b* ;.Fn . 945am Blockbusters 940 
Sesame Street 1040 Jack Holtam 
1140-1140 Cartoon 140pm Lunchtime 
140-230 Hart to Hert 340-440 
Dreams 5.15-545 Whose Baby? 640 
Summer Edition 540 Dary Dates 
640 Cartoon 645-740 Crossroads 740 
Duty Free 840 Quincy 940-1040 
Bndeshead Revisited 1140 Maracyde 
88 1240am News. Closedown. 


YT/<5 *« London except: 943mn 
!- v -? Sesame Street 1 040-1140 Film: 
•Echo of Dana 140pm News 140- 
240 Country Practice 340-440 Young 
Doctors 5.15-545 Sons and Daugh- 
ters 640 Coast to Coast 645 Pahce 5 
645-7.00 Crossroads 740 Outy Free 
840 Magnum 940-1040 Bndeshead Re- 
volted 1140 Mysteries of Edgar Wal- 
lace 1240am Company. Closedown. 

YORKSHIRE 

and the Wheeled Wamors 940 Ls _ 
Loum 1045 Short Story 1145-1 140 
Captain Scarlet 1240pe»-140 Calen- 
dar 140 News 140 Honws tor Courses - 
240-240 Lead It to Mrs O'Brien 
340-440 Country Practice 5.15-545 
Whose Baby? 640 Calendar 635- 
7.00 Crossroads 740 Outy Free 640 
Quincy 940-1040 Bndeshead Revis- 
ited 1140 Mysteries of Edgar Wattace* 
1240am Closedown. 

HJVWpCTa^g^ 

1040 Workmg Alternatives 
Paint Along with Nancy 11.10-1140 
/China 140pm News 140- 
230' Tha Baron 61 5-546 Me ana My Girl 
640 News 645-740 Crossroads 
740 Duty Free 840 Magnum 940-1040 
Bndeshead Remsaeo 1140 Man m a 
Suttawe 1240am Ctoaedown. 

HTVWALES ggyjB^ 

940 Struggle Beneath the Sea 
64Qpm-645 Wales at Six. 

CENTRAL Lonco" except 
UCWityiL 945am Blockbusters 
940-1140 Farr Paper Toer 
1240pm- 140 Gardening Time 140 News 
140 Family Matters 240 Mouthtrap 
245-340 Royal Show 5.15-5.45 Who's 
The Boss 640 Crossroads 645-7.00 

News 7.00 Enwnenteie Farm 740 Duty 

Free 6OT Magnum 930-1040 
Bnoeshead Revisited IIJODoni Knock 
the Rock 1240 Closedown. 


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mm 7 do 1 rc boown® on rim 
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AROLLO THEATRE 437 2^ 
AM3698 nna 

Group Sal** Ol-9» 6i» 
MSlffMO SM e.30 * 818 

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BEST PLAY 


TWm lALa FeFI Gro Sari wv 

ptJMttNSKJN" O &F 

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■®«aa#Bar- 

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BOULEVARD Wafam Cowl Wl 

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Sates 930 6183 Mwi-nri a.oa 

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-An lasts- asa Royal Flush” D T 

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OPENS 2 JULY 


corrasLOC re* ecs wea cc 

. ilvailonai Theatif s small audl- 

lorturni Pwvw Ton I 7. 30 
Opens Tornor 7 00. Then Thur 
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MCAFTIpe By Sarah Panwri 


CRtTEMON Air Conk S 930 3316 
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9999 Crp* 836 3963. Ei » 8 00 
Thu mar 330 s*l 5.3Q * B X 

"BWTtSH FARCE AT ITS BEST* 
D MU 

The Theatre of CBnjwrvCOTigaw 

ROY Htmo HAL FW BATES 

W1HOSOR DAVIES^ 

H EtEH 

COTTPBLL 

ROGER 

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RUN FOR YOUR WTE! 
written and directed w 

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24far 7 Day CC 
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TIME 

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jasseas®.. 

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lotcd 

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STANDARD DRAMA AWARDS 

loted 

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S166 7 

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ALAN AYCKBOURN'S 

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•National Theatre** open uagai 
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THE THREEPENNY OPERA by 
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term. Tomor 7 IS. Tnur 2.00 
• lou mK» mall 4 7 IS. then 
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July 1 1 to 21 ai 7 IS Opens 
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PHOENIX 836 2294 cr 240 9661 
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Standard Drama Awards 

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ARE YOU LONESOME 
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• BY ALAN BLEASOALE 

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LYTTELTON V 928 2252 CC 
•haiioiial Threirr's woscmw n» 
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Grown Sahw 950 6123 t»*«» 

7 30- teed Mali 2 30. Sau 4 0 

4 7 45" 

SIMON WARD 
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ROLAND CURRAM in 

ROSS 

nt Terence Ramgan 
•*T1w OM Vie win parti them in 
with tM* ac c ou nt ot Lawrence 
. .. at Arakfa” Ote 
* > AbcarMac„«Hv caovtadns 
p erf e, m— eea** lbC 


PICCADILLY THEATRE Air Con 
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PRlMCE EDWARD Bov Ollier 
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« B 00 K 1119 836 3464 Cro Sal« 
930 61 23 

Mon B. Mat Thure * Sal 300 

CHESS 

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QUEEN’S Ol 734 1 166 T 
0261 01 30 01 -439 3849 4031 

MAUREEN UPMAN |n 

LEONARD BBRNSTEUPS 

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TOE-TAPFINB BOW D. Mall 

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ROYAL COURT S CC 730 1746 

Bade SaL Toni- Thu 8. Fri SM 

A 8 40. sal 4 A B. HOAD BV Jim 

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IS? 


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2654 Eire 730. Sal MateJ-O. 

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OC 01 379.6219. B36 0479 E\*L 

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5TH YEAR OF 
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CHRISTOPHER GODWIN 
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St MARTIfTS 01-836 1443. Spe 
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34(k yr M AGATHA CHRISTO 1 ! 

THE MOUSETRAP 


STRAND 636 2AM OC 836 
4143/SI 90 Firu G>u 24 Hr 7 Dfa- 
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CABARET 

The Oh inert - Decadent Musical 
Stornnd 

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□irerled A Choreoqraphed U 
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Opens 17 Jute- al 7 00pm 
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BOOK NOW 


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Ton Mil. Tomor Rarer from 
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for vwvial meal /meal re de fe 
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VAUOCVUJLE, WC2. Box Office 

and CC Ol B36 9987/S64G Fits! 

Call >CC 24 ur>i Ol -240 7200 iBLq 

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Sju. 6.0 6 8.18. 

SUSAN 
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MARCIA WARREN 

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-THIS PHOKNMNAU.Y 

SUCCESSFUL FAJTO-Y 

CHAR MER— DAFT, MOH- 

STROUSLY EXTRAVAOART - 
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fa 

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Murder MyNcrv 

DEADLY NIGHTCAP 

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WHITEHALL SW1 OJ 930 
7766-839 4466 CC OI 379 
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B3o39e2 Mon-fri BOO- wed Mai 
3.00.-6«ite 50 0 * 8,30 
THEATRE Op COMEDY prevents 

WHEN WE ARE MARRIED 

Bi JB Prmiw 

Direr led fa- Rdnafd Eire 

-YOU WILL NOT FIND A MORE 
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WHERE IN LONDON - OR THE 
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379 o 433 Grps 6 J 6 39 e 2 from 
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FAYE DUNAWAY 

. B\ Donald Freed 
Dirrrlrd fa HAROLD PINTER 
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ptoi" Timre -Full of pauien 
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WYHOHAITS Air Cond 836 302L 
CC 379 0565 379 6433/741 

99 < r> Cro-. 836 3963 Eves 8 

M«l Tut 3 Sate 530 A B SO 

THEATRE OF COMEJJY CO 

or even Ls 

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linqton CardPin. London tel 

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Thun uniil 6J0 


ANTHONY rf-OFFAT 9 A 23 
Den 119 SI. w 1 RNdiaal An- 
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ANTHONY cFOFFAY 23 Dnlna 

Si- W.l MfctoH A ad rew a and 

9 Oenufl SI fa raUhralfaa af 

OurMn. 499 4100 


BARBICAN ART GALLERY. Bar 

ntran Centre. ECS 01-638 
-*ML-khiM SB’ July! CEOL 
BEATON, uni major rrtrapet 

me uiin oier 70OptioloinpM. 

draMinos, costumes, mernota 

Nlw Adm C2 & Cl Tvc»-Sal 

lOem^ASpm. Sun A B Hate 

12-5 43oen. Ctaaad Mandare. 
reevpr b Hob 


BCUHtAVE OALLCRY 2? < 

vpite Vara. Duke Street. 
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IOC. 

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MAPS.- Mon- Sal 106 S 
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CQLNAGHI 14 Old Bond 
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FWE ART SOCIETY 14 

Bond surer te 1 01 62 

sa*™* * « 

•titHfiui me wars 

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Cootinoed oq page 3 g 



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TUESDAY JULY 1 1986 


ft * ft * * * SL 


THE TIMES 


First pnhfished In 1785 


****.* * 






inr k-» * 


Silky Sabatini 
purrs 


SPORT 


By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 


Gabrieta Sabatini. aged 16. 
reached the quarter-finals of 
the women's singles by beat- 
ing Rafaella Reggi 6-4. 1-6. 6-3 
at Wimbledon yesterday. The 
last Argentinian player to do 
that was Norma Baylon in 
1964. Miss Baylon. who had 
an Austrian lather and a 
German mother, was the most 
promising player to emerge 
from South America since 
Maria Bueno, but her career 
was blighted by a series of 
injuries. 

Miss Sabatini. on the other 
hand, is an offshoot of the 
Guillermo Vilas era. rather 
than that of Miss Bueno, but 
has the loose-limbed ease of a 
natural athlete. Between ral- 
lies — and sometimes during 
them — her languid gait is 
almost a slouch. But she 
strokes the ball with a deft 
grace and much assurance of 
touch. Her court presence is 
striking, because her looks 
hover between prettiness and 
beauty and, if there was such a 
thing, her hair could be de- 
scribed as a shade beyond 
black. 

By contrast Miss Reggi is a 
bustling, boisterous Italian 
who quivers with energy and 
pugnacity. Between points she 
holds her racket in such a 
menacing way that one sus- 
pects a wrong word would 
result in instant assault At 
such moments it seems that 


she is bursting to break some- 
thing. Anything. If these two 
climbed into a boxing ring. I 
doubt whether Miss Sabatini 
would come out of her comer 
for the second round. 

Miss Reggi gives the game 
all she has - as when she 
skidded and abruptly sat 
down as she hit a winning 
drop volley. But she does not 
play tennis as well as Miss 
Sabatini does. In any case, this 
was no day for an Argentinian 
to lose. Their footballers had 
done something rather clever 
a day earlier, and Miss Sabati- 
ni caught the mood. 

The next match on the same 
court featured two similar 
types. In this case Brad Gilbert 
exuded the pugnacity. Milo- 
slav Mecir the languor. The 
only players to beat Gilbert at 
Wimbledon have been John 
McEnroe, Vitas Gerulaitis, 
Yannick Noah and, now, 
Mecir. This year, Gilbert was 
seeded 12th. But maybe he 
said the wrong thing to the 
right people or, perhaps, his 

More Wimbledon 
news and 
results on page 37 

rather turbulent career as a 
junior is still echoing down the 
years. 

Whatever the reason, he 


Castle fights way 
into Davis Cup 


Andrew Castle, the Somer- 
set player, has been named in 
the British Davis Cup team to 
face Australia in die qnarter- 
finals at Wimbledon from July 
18 to 20. He will play along- 
side John Lloyd, Jeremy 
Bates and Colin Dowdeswell. 

But Castle, aged 22, the 
loser last week in a live-set 
match to the Wimbedon No. 2 
seed, Mats Wilander, of Swe- 
den, most wait to see if he will 
be called on to play in the 
singles. The team manager, 
Panl Hutchins, has not specif- 
ically asked Lloyd whether be 
intends to adhere to last 
week's announcement that be 
had finished with major sin- 
gles competition. 

He added: “Certainly, I 
have discussed Lloyd's partici- 
pation in the Davis Cop as a 
whole. But there is no immedi- 
ately hurry to press him into 
m a king any derision." 

If Lloyd relents and says be 
does want to play as Britain's 
No. 1, then Hutchins will have 
to deride whether Castle or 
Bates becomes the second of 
the singles players. Lloyd and 
Dowdeswell seem certain to 
play the doubles, for they are 
unbeaten as a partnership in 
their five matches together. 

Hutchins said: “As yon 
know, I regard Odin as my 
secret weapon. He and John 
don't practise together — I just 
throw them into the match and 
they are unbeaten." 

Although the Australian 
team has not been announced. 


North gets 
a share 

South Korea has agreed to 
an International Olympic 
Committee proposal " that 
North Korea should be al- 
lowed to stage a limited 
number of events at the 1988 
Olympic Games. It is expected 
that the table tennis and 
archery events will be staged 
in the north, and that the 60- 
mile cycle road race will start 
ihere but finish in Seoul. One 
of the four football groups 
may also play in Pyongyang, 
the North Korean capital. 

Clarke moves 

Colin Clarke, the 23-vear- 
old Bournemouth forward, 
who scored 35 goals last 
season and once for Northern 
Ireland during the World Cup 
finals, has joined Southamp- 
ton. for f 400,000. Clarke 
joined Bournemouth from 
Tran mere Rovers last sum- 
mer for £22.500. a fee fixed by 
a League tribunal, and 
Bournemouth must now pay a 
third of their profit to the 
fourth division club. 

Innings closed 

Sir Donald Bradman. 77. 
cut his last official links with 
cricket yesterday when he 
retired as trustee of the South 
Australian Cricket Associa- 
tion and as a member of its 
ground and finance 
committee. 

Big splash 

Mike Hazelwood, of En- 
gland. has set a new world 
record water-ski jump of 
203 ft at an event in Birming- 
ham. Alabama. 


it is expected to be Pat Cash, 
Paul McNamee, John Fitzger- 
ald and Peter McNamara. 
Hutchins said: “With Cash 
coming back to form so well, it 
is going to make it tougher for 
my side, bat much better for 
the spectators, who I hope will 
fill court one." 

If Britain win, they wDl play 
either the United States (at 
home) or Mexico (away) in the 
semi-finaL 

Castle has already started 
training for the match. He was 
telephoned by Hutchins with 
the news, and then went out for 
a ran to start an intensive 
preparation programme. 

He said: ,b It was just a hope 
a week ago that I would make 
the Davis Cap team. Obvious- 
ly, last week's Wimbledon 
performances clinched the last 
place for me. It's marvellous 
news. I'd prepare with five or 
six miles daily jogging and 
sprints, press-ops, stretching, 
and weight training." 

Maradona’s award 

Mexico City (Reuter) — 
Diego Maradona, captain of 
Argentina's World Cup-winning 
side, was the overwhelming 
winner of an award for the best 
player .of the tournament. 
Maradona, who scored five of 
his team's 14 goals and was 
involved in all but two of the 
others, topped a poll conducted 
among journalists by a sports 
equipment firm. The West Ger- 
man goalkeeper, Schumacher, 
was second and the Danish 
forward. Elkjaer. third. 


was never granted a singles on 
any of the main "show” 
courts. Gilbert had to make do 
with court seven. 10. six and 
14, which meant that he was 
out of the singles before most 
people realized he was in it. 
You could say that he hovered 
on the fringe of prominence 
without quite achieving it 

Gilbert has dark, curly hair, 
and (like Miss Reggi)gives the 
impression that he is an 
assault waiting for a victim. 
His game is not all that heavy. 
But he does not do much 
wrong, tactically, and he does 
not miss much, technically. So 
he has to be overpowered or 
out-manoeuvred. 

When it comes to outma- 
noeuvring people, Mecir is 
your man. He lopes across the 
court with long, seemingly 
unhurried strides that (given 
the further advantage of quick 
anticipation) take him into 
position with time to spare for 
perfectly timed strokes. These 
are difficult to read because he 
has the knack of making the 
ball await bis bidding - or so 
it seems. Merir's timing is so 
good that, with no obvious 
effort he achieves those star- 
tling accelerations of pace that 
are known in the trade as 
“weight of shot”. 

There is further deception 
m Merir’s air of sleepy seren- 
ity. At times. Perry Como 
seems almost hysterical by 
comparison. Occasionally 
Mecir shook his head vigor- 
ously. suggesting that he felt 
only half awake and wanted to 
stir the other half into active 
service. He is a quiet contem- 
plative man — the kind who 
enjoy long hours fishing. It is 
not in the least surprising that 
Mecir is an enthusiastic 
angler. 

One should not read too 
much zest into the word 
"enthusiastic". Mecir likes a 
gentle life. Once he had sur- 
vived a set point in the second 
set with a service winner to the 
backhand, Mecir had Gilbert 
on the hook and reeled him in 
at leisure. The only question, 
after that was whether Mecir 
would fall asleep before or 
after his shower. 

On the Centre Court, Pat 
Cash beat Mats Wilander in a 
delightful match between two 
young heroes whose shrill- 
voiced supporters gave the 
occasion a Faint flavour of a 
rock festival. Cash and 
Wilander both “dress down", 
which is to say that on and off 
court they are fashionably 
dishevelled. In the parlance of 
rock. Cash is the “hard man" 
more prone to sharp asides off 
court and equally searching 
shafts on court 

In 1984, Cash beat Wij- 
ander on his way to the semi- 
finals of the Wimbledon and 
United States championships. 
The astonishing thing is that — 
four weeks after an appendix 
operation — Cash has now 
beaten Wilander again. Cash 
served well, covered the net 
and volleyed with such assur- 
ance that it was awfully diffi- 
cult for Wilander to pass him. 
Wilander played well — but 
not well enough. 


■SPORT IN BRIEF 


Witherspoon: refusal 

Country boy 

Tim Witherspoon, who ar- 
rives in Britain on Thursday, 
has refused to train in London 
for his world heavyweight title 
defence against Frank Bruno 
at Wembley on July 19. The 
promoters had made arrange- 
ments for the champion to 
train in public in a specially 
constructed gymnasium in the 
West End. 

Out of bounds 

Venezuela has barred South 
Africa from sending teams to 
this year's world amateur golf 
championships, which wilfbe 
held in Caracas in October. 
South Africa was barred from 
the last championships in 
Hong Kong two years ago. 


Winding down 

Charles Cox. Gillingham's 
chairman, who last week told 
two directors they could not 
stay on the board, has himself 
resigned. The dub owe almost 
£700.000. including £126.000 
to tiie Inland Revenue, which 
is threatening to seek a wind- 
ing up order. 

Munro chosen 

Bob Munro, aged 50, will 
manage Scotland's rugby 
union squad during the World 
Cup tournament in Austral- 
asia next May. 

Date change 

The Worplesdon rawed 
foursomes event has been 
moved forward a week io 
October 3 to 5 to avoid a dash 
with the British Women’s 
Open championship, original- 
ly to have been held this 
month. 

Case adjourned 

Winding-up proceedings 
against Middlesbo rough Foot- 
ball and Athletic Gub were 
adjourned for 14 days yester- 
day after an application by 
Counsel. 

Cavanagh goes 

Tommy Cavanagh. 58, has 
resigned as manager of Burn- 
ley after eight months in 
chaige for medical reasons. 


-■ ■ By John Woodcock- • 

- Cricket Correspondent 

Whenever English cricket-fa 
in the dumps these days there * 
corner a call from somewhere 
for a full-time manager of the 
England team - “a kind ofAlf 
Ramsey" was the. original 
idea, which suggests that it 
was first floated rathe second 
half of die Sixties* Some such 
appointment, though not of a 
“supremo", will he discussed 
at today's executive meeting of 
the Test and County Cricket 
Board (TCCB). ' 

. The snag, of course, is io 

finding the right person for the 
job. It is all very fine in theory 
but the man one. captain can 
work with is' another captains 
bite noire. In India, for «juu». 
pie. In 1963-64 David Clark, 
now the’ treasurer of MCC, 
struck up a particuariy happy 

relationship with bis captain, Yr 

Mike Smith; yet seven years 
later, when he managed his 
next MCC side, this time to 
Australia, he and the Ray 
Illingworth of those days were 
hopelessly incompatible.. 

It is because of the impor- 
tance of getting (he chemistry 
right between the captain and 
a long-term assistant manag- 
er, ana the difficulty, of defin- 
ing their ultimate respons- 
ibilities, that .1 begin by 
preferring the present ar- 
rangement, whereby, iffbere fa 
a natural choice (such as Ken 
Barrington) be is fitted into 
the scheme of tbtogs, at home 
and abroad, without being 
given any permanent auth- 
ority. 


Argentina encore: Gabriela Sabatini marches into the last 8 


A French jester Is 
king of the court 

By Richard Evans 

The bombardment was un- droll, handsome 


Swedish 


Mats Wilander, the No. 2 seed, bows 


swansong: Mato wilander, me No 
out (Photographs: Chris Cole) 


ceasing and irresistible out on 
court two. John Fitzgerald, 
trying manfully to improve an 
absurdly low ATP ranking of 
146, eventually budded in tire 
face of a fearsome French 
onslaught and lost to Henri 
Leconte 7-6, 6-7, 6-2, 6-3. 

If Leconte should manage to 
keep all that talent under 
control over the next three 
rounds he could become the 
first Frenchman to win Wim- 
bledon since Yvon Petra in 
1946. That is asking a lot 
because Leconte's game is 
always peppered with mo- 
ments of explosive extrava- 
gance which the world's best 
players can exploit to their 
advantage. 

One thing is certain. Every 
step Leconte takes from now 
on in these championships 
will be greeted with glee by an 
ever-increasing army of sup- 
porters. many of whom were 
on their feet cheering him 
yesterday as he threw his 
racket in the air and his sweat- 
bands into the crowd. 

Bowing to the demands of a 
difficult game, Leconte keeps 
much of his delightful person- 
ality under wraps during his 
matches now, for there is no 
denying that he is 
quintessentially French. The 


and very 
Gallic features are those of a 
man you might expect to find 
ordering a pastis over some 
zinc-topped bar off the Place 
Klichy. And if be headed off 
for the local music-hall after- 
wards that, too, would be in 
keeping with his personality. 
The man is a comedian. . 

There is, however, nothing 
funny for the poor soul on the 
other side of lhe .net when 
Leconte is playing this kind of 
tennis. He won the first-set tie- 
break with some devastating 
service returns by seven 
points to one and then helped 
Fitzgerald battle his way back 
into the match by blowing an 
easy forehand volley and hit- 
ting the stop netting with a 
backhand midway through the 
second tie-break. 

The Australian, who was 
playing for a singles place 
against Britain in the Davis 
Cup, switched bis point of 
attack to Leconte's forehand 
in that second set and, for a 
time, it paid off. But the 
pressure on Fitzgerald to .get 
his first serve in and keep it 
deep was too much in the end 
as a stream of service return 
winners left him in no doubt 
as to why this funny French- 
man is the ninth best player in 
the world. 


ATHLETICS 


Coe needs fast time 
to end acrimony 

By Pat Botcher, Athletics Correspondent 

Another good ran from Se- four others from the first seven 


Service break Early lead 


Eddie Chapman. 62. West 
Ham United's chief executive 
and secretary, has retired, one 
month short of 49 years' 
service with the club and as 
the Football League's longest- 
serving club administrator, 
having been appointed West 
Ham’s secretary in 1956. 


Cambridge won the first 
two races in the Varsity sailing 
match, a best-of-seven series 
being hosted by Aldebury 
Yacht Gub. In the first race 
Robinson, the Oxford captain, 
retired after a pre-start inci- 
dent with Rob Plummer, of 
Cambridge: 


bastian Coe in the Mobil 
grand prix meeting In Stock- 
holm this evening should help 
dispel the acrimony over the 
preferential treatment extend- 
ed to himself and Steve Ovett 
by the England selectors for 
both the Commonwealth 
Games and the international 
match last week, where nei- 
ther competed. 

For while it is proper that 
political niceties should be 
observed all round, from selec- 
tors pursuing their advertised 
policy to elite athletes respect- 
ing their peers, most people 
would prefer to see, write and 
talk ahoot.Coe doing the thing 
he does best — running fast 
times. 

Coe wifi have earned one 
Comm o n wealth place with Iris 
L500- metres victory last Fri- 
day in 3mifl 3432sec, the 
fattest in the world this year. 
And tonight's 800 metres 
could be a duplication on both 
counts. 

But- Coe wifi also need all 
his competitive ability, for be 
faces Johnny Gray of the 
United States and Jose-Lnis 
Barbosa of Brazil, who have 
ran 1:44.73 and 1:45.17 re- 
spectively, the two fastest so 
far this season. Coe has run 
1:45.66. 

. There is a tremendous pro- 
gramme for this meeting in the 
1912 Olympic Stadium, and 
none better than the . 5,000 
metres. Said Aouita, the world 
record bolder and Olympic 
champion, heads a field with 


in Los Angeles: Markus 
Ryffel Tim Hutchings, Paul 
Kipkoecb and Dong Padilla. 
Indeed, with Jose-Lnis 
Gonzales, Sydney Maree and 
John Treaty, it should be 
better dwn the Olympic finaL 

Yet, even with Aouita strag- 
gling to win his fust big race of 
the season, a 1,500 metres^ hi 
3:38.05 in Madrid two weeks 
ago, it will take an inspired ran 
to beat the Moroccan. 

Kathy Cook runs the 200 
metres against Valerie Brisco* 
Hooks and Olga Vladikmia, 
both of whom also nm the 400 
metres against Tatana 
Kocembora. JiiKas Karir. tfce 
Olympic steeplechase champi- 
on, takes on Henry Marsh, the 
most successful man in that 
event over the last five years, 
and the Poles, Bognslaw 
Mamiaski, Krlstof 

Wesolowski and Hagen 
Melzer, make up a superb 
field, in which Roger Hackney 
and Eddie Wedderiraza will do 
well to stay in touch. • 

Andre Phillips returns to 
the 400 metres hurdles after 
an injury, ami Petra Felke, the 
javelin world record' tedder, 
meets the British Olympic 
champion, Tessa Sanderson. . 

Pride of the field events goes 
to the triple jump, with Willie 
Banks, Charlie Simpkins and 
Marins Bruzhiks, and the 
high jump with Igor Paklra, 
Zbn Xian-Hua, . Patrlc 
Sjoberg, Milt Ottey, Jimmy 
Howard. Dong Nordquist and 
Geoff Parsons. 


FOOTBALL 


Two die in victory 
celebrations 


Buenos Aires (Agencies) — 
At least two people died, and a 
further two were seriously 
injured, as Argentines took to 
the streets in an outburst of 
delight following their 
country's 3-2 victory over 
West Germany in the World 
Cup final. Further incidents 
resulted in more than 200 
being gaoled. But. generally, 
the celebrations were without 
violence — although noisy, 
cotouful and exuberant, police 
sources said. 

President Raul . Alfonsin 
telephoned the team coach. 
Carios Bilardo. with bis con- 
gratulations, and newspapers 
and magazines came out with 
special editions to mark tiie 
victory. "World Champions", 
proclaimed the front page of 
La Razon. “The nation 
poured into the streets to 
celebrate the great victory." it 
said in another headline. 

Two provinces declared to- 
day a holiday, and officials 
said Alfonsin would receive 
the team at Government 
House with a mass celebration 
expected in the plaza below. 
The moment of victory was 
greeted with an explosion of 
noise as crowds surged into 
streets that had been deserted 
for more than two hours. 

People banged on pots, pans 
and drums, chanting 
“Argentina" and 

“Maradona" State television 
estimated that one million 
people gathered in the central 
plaza of the republic, where 
the giant obelisk was covered 
in blue and white Argentinian 
flags. The Labour leader, Saul 


Ubaldini. who watched the 
match at his office at the 
General Labour Confedera- 
tion headquarters, said the 
victory “was nothing more or 
less than the triumph of the 
people". He added: “These 
players have made Argentina 
known in the world as a 
champion, and from now on 
we must fight for Aigentina-to 
be known as a -free, just and 
independent nation,’ 
Ubaldini said. 

In West Germany, defeat 
was accepted afiablv. The 
mass-circulation iWffcameda 
photograph of veteran for- 
ward. Karl-Heinz 

Rummemgge, on his knees, 
pounding the ground with his 
fist after missing a golden 
scoring opportunity in the first 
half. But, m an inside-page 
headline, the . newspaper 
asked; "Why be sad? We 
achieved so muchT 

Few football observers, in- 
cluding the West 'German 
team manager. Franz 
Beckenbauer, had expected 
the team to make it all the way 
to the Mexico . City final 
because of nagging injuries to 
key players, and formidable 
competition. 

West German politicians 
sent congratulatory messages 
to the national team for its 
strong showing, and -the Bonn 
daily. General-A nzeiger , 
summed up feelings : when 
reminding readers, that iheir.J 
team had reached the World 
Cup final for the fifth time: 
“.And no one has ever done 
that before!". 

• David Miller, page 36 


Today’srcaptains 
need support 


A year ago Bob -WHfisAnfa 
being seen as the best mui far 
some sort of on-gbing manage- 
rial position. With tfeit in view 
be was sent to the West todies 
as No. 2 to Tony Brown, and 
they now know at Lord's that 
for the moment anyway they 
were on the wrong horse. 
However, the search goes on. 

norm those teangcanvassed 
are DUngworth and Briaa 
Close, both successful- cap- 
tains In their time, both ^ 
Yorkshire men, and both fairly 
sore that they always know 
best. 

More than ever todays 
touring captains, or. most of 
them, do need the support ofa 
an experienced and respected 
Cricketer. Barrington was so 
good because be. had charms 
understanding and. immense 
enthusiasm, and he had him- 
self been a great player. He 
was what we could have done 
with in the West Indies but 
winter, yet not, as it happens, 
quite what Brearley. was loot- 
ing for when be was England's 
captain in Anstralia'in 1979- 
8 °. 

One of Breariey^ few Jfr 
misjudgements as a captain — 
and again it probably had to do 
with personality — was te tell 
Barrington that he would rath- 
er the players were left to soft 
out their technical problems 
for themselves. 

In Australia in the coming 
winter, assuming be is captain^ 
Gatting could have an easier 
and more successful tour if he 
has an old soldier (Willis, to 
still not an old soldier) to work 
with. For better or worse the 
TCCB are, I think, looking to 
appoint someone for two or 
three years at a time to liaise, 
encourage, advise, coach, set 
fact, humour and communicate 
at Test level If Gatting is also 
to be given an extended ran as 
captain, a partnership between 
him and Fred Titrans would 
have moch to recommend him. 
The idea grows on one. - 


'piess 

* 12 CC 0 k? 






®^e«. a** - ■ 


J*Ns drop 


Botham in deep 
water again 


The senior manager would 
be more likely to change front 
tour to tour, and in view of the 
problems , there have been oa 
recent tours no thing can he left 
to. chance, in Australia. It is 
because of. this that Ponakf 
Carr, who wifi have vacated 
the secretaryship iff the TCCB 
by then, or Peter May may be 
asked to go. Another worth 
iking about is Mike South* 
if he could find tiie time. : He 
has a great way with him/ R 

Whether whoever- it iswfll r -'; 
have Ian ’Botham as a member 
of his Fa ghal . party remains 
to he seen. Botham is to deep 
water again for having token a. 
ankle swipe at the setktors to 
an after-dinner “speech" to. 
Manchester latf week. What 
he said, jttemgh,.offensiTe as it 
was, was never intended fw 
publication. It-isjnst so sad 
that be is so contemptuous of 
discretion. ' - 

I hope the TCCB rise above 
it at their meeting today, for 

what could be 

having to ^odare another of 
those -disciplinary affiprs* fol- 
lowed by- p pgrte n to y judg*' 
ment^andait appeabJtud all 
the rest of the 
a gain , it to as srach^ntoelf as 
the game that Botham has 

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Sl^rulina 


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