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No 62,500 


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V, ®y Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

^ Kpecfled and dra- Baker, Mr Ridley's predeces- Mr Rii 
matic shift of policy, the sor, unveiling to the Com- niehf t 
announccd *? st raons plans, had said that they Governm 
night that it was postponing, were “fit and ready to join the emceed m 
pta^ pmwte ibe «u^ pn\ate5^?r.- V J [K 1 
before the E^eral Since then there has been Thai cor 

growing opposition from trade 

- Legislation to sell the 10 unions, consumer rnuim and 


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'^Sr^S^sr “e ro unions, consumer groups and 
Wa i e Ti ° I 2^ es ! P England a sizable number of Conserva- 

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Jffi * 5 * 2 ? 10 hav ? *” ,ive MPsand was being 
fv iece of *P e concluded ‘last nighi that the 
Government s next oarha- faWnM haH HiviHaw that it 

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Governments next parlia- Cabinet had decided that it 
mentary programme begin- could not risk such controver- 

nincr in - ? np aiitnmn _ - _ ■ - 

ning in-lhe autumn, raising sial legislation so close to a 
^.^*1 £5 - billion and £7 general election. 

billion for the Treasury. 

.. Bul the Cabinet ■ decided 

It is also understood that 
Mr Ridley, one of the keenest 

■»pannrraadn fl ;S 

yesterday that the Bill, likely privaiizers in the Cabinet, had 
to be the most contentious of not been convinced that the 

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^ privatization proposals, industry was the most suitable 
snouKi not go ahead in what candidate for the private 



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wall be the last full session of sector. 

thepresent ParliamenL Jj jj clear that Mrs Margaret 

■ The announcement, in a 
Ciammons written reply by Mr 

Thatcher wants the next legis- 
lative session to be light to 

Nicholas Ridley. Secretary of give maximum room for ma- 
State for the Environment noeuvre in deciding when to 


V is the 

Accumulator fc 
for dasher 

stunned and disappointed 
some .Conservative MPs, and 
the Thames Water Authority, 
the largest and most profitable 
of the .bodies, which has been 
pushing for privatization. 

It led some MPs to question 

call a general election. She 
wants a]] proposed Bills to 
become law by the end of July 
next year to clearthe decks by 
the beginning of the 1987 
summer recess. 

An added complication is 

the Government’s determina- the legal action taken by the 
tion to carry out its privatiza- union Nalgo against the 

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non arras. 

Mr Ridley - staled that his 
consultations on privatizing 
water authorities had shown 
that more time was needed to 
prepare legislation. 

In February, Mr Kenneth 

Thames, authority, arguing 
that it it is unlawful to spend 
money on employing consul- 
tants to advise on privatiza- 
tion until legislation has been 
passed allowing that to 

.Mr Ridley reaffirmed last 
night that it was the 
Government’s intention to 
proceed with water privatiza- 
tion as soon as practicable. 
That commitment may be 
outlined by the introduction 
of a short Bill in the next 
session of Parliament that will 
enable authorities to. make 
necessary preparations for 

The Government faced a 
storm from opposition MPs 
over the way it made the 
announcement. Mr Jack Cun- 
ningham, Labour's chief envi- 
ronment spokesman, 
intervened during a debate to 
describe it as disgraceful and 

After protests from the op- 
position, Mr Ridley was 
forced to go to the Commons 
to make a 10pm statement to 
MPs on the Cabinet's about- 

Mr Cunningham ' said: 
"This decision is a major 
victory for the Labour and 
trade union campaign." 

The decision, coming on 
top of that to delay the sale of 
the Royal Ordnance factories 
was regretted by Conservative 
MPs who have strongly 
backed the privatization 

The Government has also ! 
held back on the sale of British i 
Airways and shelved plans for I 
community radio. 

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Martina Navratilova yesterday : beading for her fifth Wimbledon final in five years. 

Czech girl 
puts out 
Lloyd in 

Court rules EEC 
budget illegal 

From Our Correspondent, Brussels 
The European Court of payments and commitments 

Of Kent. * Ibn* 1 j 
year hju broG:h:^ 


of sport 

Swift action over 
Peacock unlikely 

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By Richard Evans ———————— 

Political Correspondent The main recommendations 

The key recommeedatioes. « beindex- 

of the Peacock report 

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separate fee not less than £10 

By Our Sports News 
Martina Navratilova, of the 
United States, who has won 
the title for the last four years, 
will play Haas Mandlikova, of 
Czechoslovakia, in the 
women’s singles at Wimble- 
don on Saturday. 

Miss Navratilova yesterday 
defeated .Gabriela Sabatini, 
aged 16, of Argentina, 6-2. 6-2 
while in the other semi-final 
Miss Mandlikova defeated 
Chris Lloyd, also of the United 
States and three times winner. 
7-6, 7-5 in 1 hour 35 minutes. 

Miss Navratilova, who has 
won 32 consecutive matches at 
Wimbledon, overwhelmed the 
Argentinian in 53 minutes on 

Justice has ruled that the 
EECs 1 986 budget is illegal in 
a judgement that will save 
Britain £72 million pounds in 
payments to Brussels this 

In the longer term the 
saving could rise to £100 
million, but the judgement 
yesterday, just two days after 
Britain took over the EEC 
presidency, could spark a big 
row within the Community. 

In a ruling that will sharply 
curtail the powers of the 
European Parliament, the 
court said that the Com- 
munity's £21 billion budget 
was invalid. It was pushed 
through by the Parliament in 
December in defiance of the 
Council of Budget Ministers, 
who had put together a budget 

already made this year must 
stand, but the overall budget 
must be renegotiated. 

It has told parliamentarians 
and ministers to sort out their 
differences. If they fail — and 
they will be in continuous 
consultation for most of next 1 
week — the EEC will operate 
from August on a monthly < 
budget of one-twelfth of 1985 

Bul last year's outlays — and 
income — were based on a 
fixed ceiling on national con- 
tributions to the budget of 1 
per cent of value added tax. In 
1 986 the ceiling rose to 1-4 per 
cent of VAT. 

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WtmirfedoH: Rex 
Bdlaijiy previews 
theiwpijien’s final 
Edgbaston: John 
Woodcock from the 
Henley: report on 
the Royal Regatta 

ni Mft -* 

Back to sen* 
for England 

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• There is £20,000 to . 
be won tomorrow in The 
Times Portfolio Gold 
competition — double 
the weekly Eft, 000 
prize because there 
was no winner last 
weekend, plus the daily 

%' Yesterday’s £4,000 
prize was won outright 

view," will not be implement- 
ed before the next general 
election. Mr Douglas Hunt, 
Home Secretary, indicated 
last night 

Although he told the Cbro- 
mons the central outcome of 
the year-long inquiry fitted 
well with the Government's 
general philosophy, be made 
clear that decisions on the 
most far-reaching proposals 
afftecting the style of broad- 
casting well into the twenty- 
first century would not be 
reached “for several years." 

Several Tory. MPs were 
convinced last night that the 
report would be shelved, at 
least in the short term. 

MawBUrora, who Tost to share of the difference was £72 

Full report, pages 4 and 5 
Leading article, page 13 

hi- - r : 

by Mr Simon Bruce, 
of London EC2. 

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of London EC2. 

• There is another 
£4,000 to be won today. 
Portfolio list, page 23; 
rules and how to play, 
information service, 
page 16. 

, fvti£S %f>s& 

f i l£'/ WATE 

With Peacock having come 
down against the. Prime 
Minister’s preferred option. of 
introducing advertising into 
the BBC, the only major 
decisions to be taken by Mr 
Hurd and his colleagues over 
the next 18 months involve 
ihe next round of I BA con- 
tracts and a proposal for an 
indexed licence fee. 

There will also be talks with 
TV manufacturers over 
whether secs should in future 
have a special socket to allow 
viewers to adapt to a subscrip- 
tion system. 

Meanwhile the report s pro- 
posal covering plans for free 
market in TV and radio will 
be placed on the back burner. 

The ohe area where the 
Home Secretary did express a 
strong view concerned regulat- 
ing. the content of pro- 

for car radios; exemption for. 
pensioners wholly dependent 
on supplementary pension. 

• BBC-TV not to be obliged 
to take advertising under 
present system but BBC to 
have option to privatize Radi- 
os One and Two and local 
radio; non-occupied night- 
time hours of BBC-TV and 
TTV should be sold for 

• ITV franchises to go to 
tender with formal annual 
review by Independent Broad- 
casting Authority. 

• National telecommunica- 
tions systems should be al- 
lowed to act as common 
carriers for services including 
TV programmes; restriction of 
cable franchises to European 
Community operators should 
be removed. 

• Channel 4 given option of 
selling own advertising time 
no longer funded by ITV 
subscriptions; all restrictions 
on pay-P er 'Channel and pay- 
per-programme options to be 

• Extension to cover broad- 
casting of statutory legislation 
on obscenity, defamation, and 


i-v- - 


grammes. While Professor 
Peacock and his committee 

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\on Bec^ 

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Peace hopes 

The Pope spoke of his desire 
for peace in Northern Ireland 
and Central America as he 
continued his tour of 

suggest there should not be 
pre-publication censorship or 
vetting of any kind of broad- 
casting. Mr Hurd insisted that 
existing guidelines involving 
pornography and violence 
should be kept. 

“Our present arrangements 
reflect the view that the pecu- 
liar^ intrusive nature of 
broadcasting, and in 

particular of television, con- 
tinue to require special regula- 
tory arrangements to ensure 
certain standards in broadcast 

Mr Hurd indicated that 
proposals to privatize BBC 
Radio One and Two would be 
examined in conjunctijon 
with the Green Paper which 
he has decided to publish on 
the general provision and 
regulation of all radio 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, shad- 
ow Home Secretary, launched 
a bitter attack on the package. 

1981 final to Mrs Lloyd, 
fought back in the second set 
from 5-2 down to defeat the No 
.2 seed. 

Gatting century 
rescues England 

Id the thud Test at 
Edgbaston, England, who 
have lost seven Tests u a row, 
were quickly in trouble against 
India in the final match of the 
series. They were two wickets 
down without a run on the 
board and then 88 for four. 

But Mike Gattmg, who was 
first appointed captain for the 
second Test, led England's 
recovery with his fifth Test 
century. By the dose be had 
made 141 rot out and England 
were 315 for six. 

Call to Zola Budd 

Keith Connor and Andrea 
Lynch, two of Britain's most 
respected athletes of West 
Indian origin in recent. years, 
want Zola Budd to sever all 
conections with her native 
South Africa. They are can- 
vassing black members of 
England's team for the Com- 
monwealth Games for support. 
Miss Budd has been picked to 
run the 1,500 metres in 

Test, page 29 
Wimbledon, page 32 


But the Parliament felt that 
the ministers bad not met the 
Community's needs for a full 
year, and had produced an 
unrealistic budget. 

The court, whose decisions 
are binding on the 12 govern- 
ments and the European Par- 
liament alike, ruled that 

Armed forces recruits 
face drug tests 

By Nicholas Bees ton 

Armed forces recruits will one third of the 30,000 yearly 

be shown new films on the 
dangers of drug abuse and 
some servicemen may face 
tests, as part of campaign by 
the Ministry of Defence to 
clamp down on narcotics of- 
fences, officials said yesterday. 

The announcements come 
in the wake of recommenda- 
tions by the drug abuse pre- 
vention committee, 
established 18 months ago to 
co-ordinate the fight against 
drugs by the Army, the Royal 
Navy and the RAF. 

Latest statistics disclose that 
in 1984, 353 servicemen and 
women were convicted in 
military and civilian courts on 
drugs-related charges and that 

recruits have had “experience 
of drugs” before entering. 

“The problem only affects 
one in every 1,000 service- 
men, but drugs and service life 
do not mix,” an officer in- 
volved in the campaign said. 

The films depict eight ficti- 
tious "cautionary tales” in- 
volving servicemen in Belize, 
West Germany, the United 
States and Britain. 

In most cases a member of 
the armed, forces faces a court 
martial, a term iii a military 
correction centre and dismiss- 
al. Servicemen suspected of 
taking drugs will now be asked 
to pass a urinalysis test. 

Friday Page, page H 

£ 8 m seized in raid on French bank 

Paris — Five masked gun- 
men got away with an estimat- 
ed 88 million francs (£8 
million) from the St Nazaire 
branch of the Bank of France 
yesterday after breaking into 
the homes of the bank manag- 
er and of ihe chief cashier, 
who was shot in the shoulder 
(Diana Geddes writes). 

The gang forced the two 

and warned that if implement- men to let them into the bank, 
ed the BBC would be turned and then lay in wait for the 

into a TV equivalent of junk employees. Each was taken 
food. He rejected all the major hostage as he arrived, while 

recommendations and thetnan with the keys to the 
pledged a future Labour gov- safes was forced to open them, 
eminent to phase out the As they were helping them- 
licence fee for all pensioners, selves to the cash, however. 

they were disturbed by a 
passing police siren and fled in 
three waiting cars. 

The chief cashier was shot 
as he tried to push away a gun 
after being seized at his home, 
above the bank! He was taken 
to hospital where his condi- 
tion was described as satisfac- 
tory* In a similar hold-up at 
the Niort branch of the Bank 
of France in March, six 
masked gunmen got away 
with 29 million francs after 
ambushing the concierge, 
forcing him to open. the bank, 
and lying in wait for the 
employees. The gunmen have 
still not been found. 

Bank robberies are now 
taking place in France at an 
alarming rate of five every day 
the banks are open. The 
amount seized is usually reia-. 
lively small, however, as most 
banks now keep only a mini- 
mum amount of accessible 
cash on the premises. 

M Robert Pandraud. Minis- - 
ter for Security, announced, 
after a top-level meeting with 
Bank 'of France officials and 
police yesterday that special 
measures were to be taken to 
strengthen the security of 
Bank of France branches 
throughout the country. 

Covent Garden swansong ends on sour note 

By Alan Hamilton 

Tripos results 


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Cambridge Tripos examina- 
tion results for Natural Sci- 
ences Part lb arc Pushed 
today P»8 e27 

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Overseas 7-9 Mtfonng » 

sr *3 ass. 4 

Births, deaths, {4 

marriages 14 SaleRwu jl 

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Sir John Tooley, aaeral 
director of the Royal Opera 
House, yesterday sprang to 
the defence of the first Covent 
Garden production for many 
years to be roundly booed on 
its opening night 
The final notes of 

said that the hotting: lasted for 
a full two minutes. 

and later attended a first-night 
party with the cast 

Sir Colin, conducting his 
last production after 15 years 
as musical directin’ of Covent 
Garden, bore the brant of die 
abuse, but the dissatisfaction 
appeared to have been aimed 
more at Andrei Serban, the 
Romanian-born prodneer, ami 

Beethoven's F&idio, widely. ~ Sally Jaoobs, the set designer, 
regarded as the most solemn w ho staged an unconventional 

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work in the operatic repertoire 
outside Warner, were sound- 
ing under the bated (rf Sir 
Colin Davis on Wedmsday 
night when a substantial body 
of the audience began to voice 
its disapproval in a way that is 
J^lTheaid in BnWs pre- 
mier opera house. Spectators 

interpretation of Beethoven's 
portrayal of the triumph of 
good over eviL 

Sir John said that a section 
of the audience had not appre- 
ciated the new and original 
treatment of an operatic piece 
generally regarded as sacro- 
sanct The production relies 
heavily on the imagery of the 
poet William Blake, ami in- 
volves angels and devils ap- 
pearing on stills and, mi the 
first night at least, struggling 
to keep their, balance. 

For the first time in at least 
a decade, neither producer dot 
designer took a curtain call on 
the first night, although both 
were in the house at the time 

“It is simply that this 
production is a very original 
approach. Serban and Jacobs 
are very serious artists who 
looked deeply into Fiddio in 
search of a new approach. 1 

think they have been largely 
successful,” he said. - 

“Sacrosanct pieces in the 
repertoire often benefit front a 
fresh approach, provided al- 
ways that there is a serious- 
ness in the approach, which 
there . certainly was in this 

Sir John said that be had 
expected some poor reaction, 
because many people came to 
Covent Garden “wanting the 
conventional'”. Bet the present 
production was a genuine 
search for a different 

Serban and Jacobs have 
hitherto had a good track 
track record. , . 

Their present production 
has had mixed reviews. Tht 

Times said yesterday that the 
finale, to which the audience 
appears to have objected, was 
“almost a total success, shock- 
ing though it is”. The Loudon 
Standard said that the produc- 
tion “grew stranger and 
stranger”, and that the second 
act “nose-dived” 

A Covent Garden spokes- 
man said ■ that there ^ had 
always been a small section of 
the regular audience who had 
been opposed to Sir Colin, and 
who might have been responsi- 
ble for some of the booing. Bnf 
the music appeared to have 
been generally well received, 
and tii ere was ample applause 
for ail the singers when they 
took their curtain calls. 

in Gape 

out at 


From Michael Hornsby 

A bomb exploded outride a 
police-station in Cape Town 
early yesterday injuring a po- 
liceman and a policewoman, 
both whites. 

It was the Htft bomb inci- 
dent in various town centres 
since the declaration of a state 
of emergency on June 12. 

Meanwhile, the Bureau for 
Information reported that 
three black victims of “neck- 
lace executions" were found 
during the 24 hours to 6 am 
yesterday — one in the Eastern 
Cape, one in the Southern 
Transvaal and one in the 
KwaNdebele “homeland.” 

A total of 96 “unrest- 
related” deaths have been 
reported since June 12 by the 
bureau, which controls news 
about such incidents under 
the state of emergency 

A correspondent for the 
West German television net- 
work ARD, Dr Heinrich 
Bueltgen, left South Africa last 
night after his appeal against 
expulsion was turned down on 
Wednesday. He is the fourth 
foreign journalist to be ex- 
pelled since June 1 2. 

In Johannesburg, the Metal 
and Allied Workers' Union 
(MAWU). one of South 
Africa's biggest mainly black 
trade unions, opened its first 
national congress yesterday 
with its president, Mr Max- 
well Xulu, absent and report- 
edly in hiding 

“• ZURICH: Mr Fritz 
Leutwiler, the former Swiss 
National Bank chairman, has 
resigned as mediator between 
South Africa and its creditor 
banks in reaction to recent 
political developments there, 
a spokesman said here yester- 
day (Reuter reports). 

He said the decision had. 
been taken shortly after the 
imposition of the state of 
emergency and had been al- 
ready communicated to South 
African officials. 

More bombs, page 7 
Leading article, page 13 

The 1985 budget also ex- 
cluded Spam and Portugal. 
There would be no legal basis 
for spending on the . new 
member states. The monthly 
budget system would mean a 
£3 billion cut in annual spend- 
ing and raises the spectre of 
empty pay packets for Spanish 
and Portuguese officials. 

As Mr Henning Christo- 
phersen, the Budget Commis- 
sioner, put it yesterday; 
“Seven days from now we will 

Continued on page 16 , col 7 

Lords rule 
in favour 
of TSB sale 

The £1 billion stock market 
flotation of ihe Trustee Sav- 
ings Bank Group is likely to go 
ahead in September after a 
unanimous ruling by the 
House of Lords that the assets 
of the bank do not belong to itsi 
depositors (Lawrence Lever; 

The sale, which the TSB 
hopes will create a million 
small shareholders, has been 

delayed since February by. 
challenges in the Scottish and 

challenges in the Scottish and 
English courts. 

However, a- petition to the 
European Court of Human 
Rights to block the sale has 
not been ruled out by the TSB 
depositors who mounted the 
challenge. Details, page 17 

By John Good body 
Sports News Correspondent 

The Central Council of 
Physical Recreation are to 
meet teachers' nnkms and 
professional organizations 
over halting the decline of 
competitive sport in state 

The council believes that 
many schools fight shy of 
tpprhing that in sport winning 
is important It also blames 
lack of finance which leads to 
poor facilities and coaching, 
misguided educational philos- 
ophy and lack of links between 
schools and clubs. 

Traditional team games such 
as cricket, football and rugby 
union are particularly suffer- 
ing. the council fears. 

Mr Nigel Hook, senior tech- 
nical officer, said:“There is a 
, belief against competition in 
schools, that no child should 
be seen to fail. But it is 
educational rubbish that it is 
bad for someone to learn to 

| lose. Some element of competi- 
tion is surely good becanse it 
j reflects life.” 

Mr Peter Lawson, its secre- 
tary, said: “Things are sliding 
downhill so fast that it is not 
real. In the absence of a vastly 
increased government funding, 
there must be a partnership 
between the educationists and 
the sporting bodies.” 

The National Union of 
Teachers, National Associa- 
tion of Schoolmasters and 
Union of Women Teachers, 
the Assistant Masters* and 
Mistresses' Association, Soci- 
ety of Education Officers, 
Secondary’ Heads Association 
and the National Confedera- 
tion of Parent Associations 
have agreed to meet the 

Mr Hook agreed there was 
the difficulty of lack of money. 
“The allowance for sport has 
not kept in line with inflation 
so it is impossible for PE staff 
; to equip schools adequately or 
for playing fields to be maij 0 r.~ /■■■•' 
I tained properly. ^ 

“But it also affects sports 

. like sw imming where cutbacks 

in government funding has 
meant that in some area* there 
is nqt enough money to pay fur 
children to be taken by bns to 
pools. Unless parents them- 
selves are prepared (0 pay, 
children are being denied the 
chance of a swim.” 

But Mr Hook also said that, 
although children had a far 
greater choice of activities, 
“from archery to yoga ”, than 
before, this had disadvan- 
tages. “This affects team 
games where there are some- 
times too few people to make 
np sides so that those who 
want to take part are prevent- 
ed from doing so." 

He said that some of the 
activities made little contribu- 
tion to physical fitness, citing 
a report by Loughborough 
University, which found tint 
85 per cent of 550 schoolchil- 
dren surveyed did not break 
into a sweat during an average 

4 Scotch w h< 


""Ho IN KOI I*" 3 

a ••'Lrii 


Privatization of local 
services increasing 
after two quiet years 

Hugh Clayton, Environment Correspondent 
The number of councils meals and refuse collection 

. privatizing services has risen 

- after two quiet years', accord- 
ing to the latest survey by 

. Local Government Chronicle. 

■ It says that 16 per cent of 
councils are privatizing some, 
services this year, compared 

■ with i i percent m each of the 
; - past two years. 

The Government is prepar- 
ing a new drive for more 
• - competitive tendering of local 
government services in the 
-/wake of the appointment of 
Mr Nicholas Ridley as Secre- 
tary of State for the Environ- 
. . ment. As Secretary of State for 
Transport he masterminded 
the deregulation of bus 

■ operations. 

• Several ministers have indi- 

- rated recentiy that die appar- 
-em lack of momentum in 

efforts to secure more privati- 
zation should not be taken as a 
sign that plans have been 

The Department of the 
, Environment proposed more 

- than a year ago that school 

were services that might have 
to put out to private tender. 

Mrs Angela Rumbold, a 
Parliamentarty Under-Secre- 
tary of State, has indicated 
that the Government wants to 
push ahead for more privati- 
zation in the face of union 
opposition and derision. 

A union survey of about 300 
cases of privatization suggests 
that 30 per cent of jobs go 
when a service is switched to a 
private company and that the 
value of the pay and benefits 
to remaining staff is cut by 30 

Details of the survey were 
disclosed by Mr John Ed- 
monds. general secretary of 
the General, Municipal,' 
Boilermakers’ and Allied 
Trade Union, who said: “Peo- 
ple who axe used to exploita- 
tion can usually be expected to 
accept the extra lash." 

The survey in Local Govern- 
ment Chronicle shows that 
despite the party-political split 

about privatization, Conser- 
vative and Labour councils 
are among the 60 putting 
services out to private con- 
tract this year and among the 
19 bringing them back to 
directly-employed workforces. 

Conservative Enfield and 
Labour Islwyn are among 
those which have called in 
private operators to dear rats 
from sewers. Conservative 
Lewes in East Sussex has 
awarded a £12,000 contract 
for grass-cutting, while Con- 
servative Melton expects to 
save £8,000 a year on a 
£38,000 deal for cleaning a 
rattle market 

Conservative Tendring has 
awarded a *£13,000 contract 
for a dog warden, while Con- 
servative Wandsworth ex- 
pects to save £100,000 a year 
by privatizing office cleaning. 

Labour Peterborough has 
awarded contracts worth more 
than £500,000 a year for gas 
fitting and servicing and for 
the painting of council homes. 

set for 
poll win’ 

Heseltine taunts 
Owen over CND 

Labour is likely to hold 
Newcastle-under-Lyme in the 

■ by-election on July 17 with an 
increased majority of 10,000, 
according to the first poll 
taken in the North Stafford- 
shire constituency (Nicholas 
Wood writes). 

It gives Labour 49.3 per 
- cent, the Alliance, 25J* per 
cent, and the Conservatives 

■ 21.1 per cent. 

Compared with the 1983 
general election. Labour's 
share is up by 7.4 per cent, the 
Alliance by 3.5 per cent, and 
the Conservatives down by 
• 14.3 per cent 

• The poll of 772 electors was 
- . conducted last Sunday by 

• Trent Polytechnic for Centra! 
Television’s Central Lobhv m 

When nominations for the 
bv-eteciion closed yesterday 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 

Mr Michael Heseltine chal- the fire of the same extremism 

in the Liberal Party,” he said. 


Oavtd Biwslw jnauttww. Alliance 
Bob Geidof Appreciation Partyi-John 
Casteel! i Rainbow Alliance Prince 
“cSrln Appreciation Party’: IJin 
ColJrtKi . tLabouri: James Parker 
iRefOTin rtiim on Nuclear pteroynJlm 
Nock f conservative!: __ Lord David 

General election: J Gol dtng 
21.210: L Lawrence iC). I8,w6. A 
. Thomas I Ut> Alii. 10.916 Lab OW>: 


lenged Dr David Owen yester- 
day to disown the Liberal 
Alliance candidate in the 
Newcastle-under-Lyme by- 
election for his membership 
and support of the Campaign 
for Nuclear Disarmament. 

The former Secretary of 
State for Defence threw down 
the gauntlet as the first opin- 
ion poll in the North Stafford- 
shire constituency put the 
Conservatives a poor third, 
with the Alliance emerging as 
the main challenger to 

Mr Heseltine said that the 
SDP leader left the Labour 
Party because he could not 
stomach its ever more ex- 
treme one-sided disarm ers. 

Voters wanted to know the 
difference between the CND- 
riddled Labour Party Dr 
Owen had abandoned and the 
CND-riddled Liberal Party he 
had embraced. 

“You have led the small 
band of erstwhile Labour MPs 
out of the frying pan ofLabour 
unilateralism and straight into 

Mr Heseltine 
how Dr Oweq could reconcile 
his backing for Nato and 
Britain’s nuclear deterrent 
with “support for a campaign 
to take Britain out of Nato." 

. The SDP leader, appearing 
at a press conference with the 
candidate. Mr. Alan Thomas, 
rejected Mr Heseltine’s 

Dr Owen said that he 
respected the pacifist tradition 
in politics, and that the only 
thing that divided him from 
Mr Thomas was a difference 
of opinion over the “mecha- 
nism for achieving 

It is becoming increasingly 
dear that the SDP and the 
Liberals see the creation of a 
European deterrent under the 
control of the leaders of 
France and -the European 
members of Nato, as the way 
of resolving their damaging 
divisions over the future of 

Patricia Ford, president of Birkbeck students 1 onion, delivering a petition against funding cuts to peers and MPs yesterday. 

CPS A to 
meet on 

By Mark Dowd 

Twenty-nine members of the 
Civil and Public Services As- 
sociation national exeentive 
committee will meet next 
Tuesday to decide what action 
to take following reports of 
election malpractice after the 
election of Mr John Mao 
readie as general secretary- 

The CPSA president, Mrs 
Marion Chambers, is examin- 
ing complaints before making' 
any formal recommendation, 
but with moderates holding 22 
of the 29 seats on the national 
executive, a faff-scale inquiry 
looks inevitable. 

Less certain is the question 
of who would preside over the 
investigation. Under the 
union's complaints procedure, 
the general secretary should 
undertake the task. However, 
Mr Alistair Graham, who oo 
copies the position, is due to 
leave oo July 11 to become di- 
rector of the Industrial Soci- 
ety. If Mr Graham » overlook- 
ed, the obvious choice and fav- 
ourite for the job would be the 
president, Mrs Chambers. 

Senior CPSA officials yes- 
terday denied reports of fric- 
tional in-fighting and disag- 
reements in it&e moderate 
camp over who shonkf head 
the inquiry. 

• The Society of Civil and 
Public Servants yesterday 
spoke out strongly against 
plans to employ outside mid- 
dle grade executives in the 
Department of Employment. 





'Prevention is better than cure 1 . In leprosy 
treatment, that cliche marks precisely where we have 
gat to. The cure has taken so long that we have not 
dared to think about prevention. Now we can. For 
work is hastening to provide immunity from this 
crippling, debilitating, ill-understood disease. 

Your help has taken us this far. We need more of 
that help to take us further. To relieve whole areas of 
the Third World from its threat To put an end, once and 
for all, to a disease which cripples and maims. 


It was the efforts of a previous generation that rid 
the world of smallpox and other hornfic diseases. 

Now, it's our turn with leprosy The work we have 
described here has been made possible with financial 

help given by people like you. Now that we can say 
leprosy, nov 

there is a cure for leprosy, now that we can talk for the 
first time of preven tion, we ask for your support again. 

There are many calls 
on your generosity - that we 


As long ago as 1948, it was discovered that 
Dapsone could be used to control the disease. And 
then, the inevitable happened: we began to detect 
resistance to Dapsone in some strains of the leprosy 

The medical breakthrough was finally reached 
just a few years ago, in the early part of the decade. A 

new combination of drugs not only provided a cure 

but dramatically reduced the duration of treatment 
Non-infectious cases can be cured in a six-month 
treatment using three drugs. The treatment time with 
infectious coses has been shortened to a minimum of 
two years. 

We have a cure. It costs £35 fora yearh 
treatment And LEPRAhas proved how it can make 
your money work. 

In 1966, when we started our Malawi 
programme, there were an estimated 50,000 leprosy 
sufferers. By January 1984, 43,771 patients hod been 
successfully treated. 

But only very rarely 
are we given the chance 
to rid the worid of a 
disease. The chance has 
come. Will you take it? 

It took two thousand 
years to find the cure. 
Will you help us 
find a vaccine? 
Lepra, Suite 54, McrrfieW House. 

^ 376 The Strand, London WC2R QLR. 

Flo: Joy Mankind, Lepra, Dept7M26 Suite 54, Manfietd HouseH 

| 376 The Strand, London WC2R0LR. 

| I would fftcefo moke a donation towards the research into a 

I preventive vcfccine. I endose a dieque/RO. made payable to 

. Lepra for£' or, please debit my Access/ 

I Barriaycord/Trustcord (delete as applicable). 

I Please debit my account for £ . 
I My card no. is — : — 

Signature of cardholder . 






It is our calculation that only half of leprosy 
sufferers have so far been identified for curative 
treatment. That fact makes the search for an immunity 
vaccine even more pressing. Already an anti-leprosy 
vaccine has been developed and is undergoing' 



| Aftemotivefy, if you would like details af haw to covenant your donation 
j orhow to make a legacy to Lepra please tick the appropriate box 
j below 

| \~\ Covenants I 1 Legacies 

I Thank you for your interest and generosity 
Lepra Reg. Charity no. 2J3251 Patron: HM The Queen, i 

preliminary field tests. If it succeeds, we can proceed to 

jng-term vaccine trials. 

I a gains t 

(Photograph by John Vqos) 

Birkbeck fights 
£2m cut in budget 

Irish court 
Sinn Fein 
debt fund 

The Irish Republic govern- 
ment has been ordered to 
return $80,000 (£51,600) with 
interest seized from Mr Joe 
Cahill the former provisional 
IRA leader in Belfast and 
another man four years ago 
(Richard Ford writes). 

Mr Cahfil told, a Dublin 
court yesterday that the mon- 
ey was intended to fiind and 
repay debts incurred by provi- 
sional Sinn Fein, the political 
wing of the provisional IRA. 
as part of their strategy of 
fighting elections. 

.The cash was seized by the 
police in 1982 as Mr Edward 
Howell left a Dublin restau- 
rant where he had been with 
Mr Cahill, now a prominent 
Sinn Fein member m Dublin. 

By Lacy Hodges, Education Correspondent 
A impending cut of up to stands to lose about 30 per 

£2m in the funding of Birk- 
beck College, London, was 
confirmed yesterday by the 
Court of London University, 
which decided to ask for more 
money to rescue the college. It 
is the only one in the country 
lo devote its work to adults 
who work during the day and 
study at night. 

The court, chaired by Lord 
Seaman, wants the Universi- 
ty Grants Committee to pro- 
vide more money for the 
• university in general and Birk- 
beck in particular. It -will also 
ask the UGC to reconsider - 
urgently the treatment of the 
college resulting from a new 
funding formula for part-time 

The proposed cut in 
Birkbeck’s' budget arises from 
this formula. It affects Birk- 
beck so seriously because all 
its students are in this 

In the past London Univer- 
sity ftmded the college az the 
rate of 0.8 of a full-time 
student, but the UGC decided 
in May that part-timers 
should be ftmded at one-half 
the normal rate instead- 

This means that Birkbeck 

cent of its UGC funding of 
£7.5m over the next three 

In a statement yesterday, 
London University said: 
“Because of the application of 
the UGCs standard formula 
for part-time students to Birk- 
beck College, the court is 
unable to provide the funds to 
preserve Birkbeck’s unique 
and invaluable contribution 
to part-time education.” 

Yesterday staff and students 
from Birkbeck handed in a 
petition to Parliament. They 
were received by MPs and 
peers from all parties, includ- 
ing Conservative MPs Dr 
Keith Hampson and Ivor 
Sian brook, and Lords Den- 
ning, Glenamara, Seebohm 
and Ladies Ewart-Biggs, Da- 
vid and White. 

The petition was signed by 
more than 15,000 students 
and supporters. It called on 
the Secretary of State for 
Education to "take all steps 
open to him to prevent 
changes in the college’s annual 
grant which will seriously 
affect its future”. 

Letters, page 13 

Miners press for 
retirement at 50 

Demands that all 
members of the. National 
Union of Mineworkers should 
be able to retire at the a|*e of 
SO are to be pot to British 

In addition, delegates to the 
miners’ conference at Tenby, 
Dyfed, decided that the men 
should receive big golden 
handshake s and pensions 
identical to those paid to 
redundant miners. 

It was a scandal, delegates 
said, that some men in their 

By Tim Jones 

135,000 planned, with delegates re- 
turning to their areas to report 
that for the foreseeable future 
there is no mood for any kind 
of industrial action. 

Only Mr Arthur Scargffl, 
the president, exhorted the 
men to prepare for a strike to 
resist- pit. closures. But the 
angry reaction to his call most 
have convinced him that he 
was ort of touch. 

As -he Launched into his 
customary end of. conference 
attack on the press,. Mr 

forties could receive thousands 
of pounds in redundancy while 
men taking early retirement at 
60 received only a £500 lamp 

At present, the retirement 
age for miners is 65, but 
underground workers can 
leave at 60 under an early 
retirement scheme that, does 
not apply to surface workers. 
Women retire at 60. 

Mr Paul Beasley, from the 
Nottinghamshire area, said 
men who had spent 30 years 
underground were worn out 
and many suffered health 

The conference ended yes- 
terday, a day earlier than 

! fomid himself at odds 
with Mr Michael McGahey, 
the union vice-president. . : 

Mr Scargill accused the 
media of looking for “splits 
and divisions which could be 

But Mr McGahey told re- 
porters present: “Thank you, 
we need yon”. He said: “We 
want to talk to a wider' 
audience of the public". •/' 

During a private- session, 
delegates called on the onion 
leadership to examine bow the 
six miners serving jail sen- 
tences and the. .486_nwm dis- 
missed dining the dispute 
could receive payments; equiv- 
alent to those oTworidng 

Willis opposes move 
to expel electricians 

By Peter Davenport 

Mr Norman Willis, general cases against the other major 

union involved. 

secretary of the TUC, moved 
yesterday to head off fresh 
demands that the electricians’ 
union be thrown out of the 
organization for its role in the 
News International printing 

Addressing the biennial 
conference of the National 
Graphical Association (NGA) 
in Blackpool Mr Willis said 
that the priority must be to 
keep the unions together. 

Earlier this week the 400 
delegates voted unanimously 
to condemn “t he an ti-union 
collusion of the EETPU with 
News Internationa] which led 
to this dispute”. 

They instructed their na- 
tional council to submit a 
motion to September’s TUC 
congress seeking “immediate 
expulsion” of the EETPU if 
the dispute has not ended by 

But Mr Willis warned the 
printers against pressing for 
expulsion. He said that both 
the TUC and the NGA now 
found it harder to rely on the 
unquestioned loyalty of mem- 
bers and affiliated unions. 

Mr Willis pledged continu- 
ing TUC support in attempt- 
ing to resolve the Wapping 
dispute. A solution would not 
be achieved, “with one or 
more unions partially or whol- 
ly ostracized from the rest 

Mr Willis also referred to 
NGA complaints against 
Sogai ’82. the largest print 
union. “Most people would 
find it absolutely astonishing 
that in the middle of a battle 
against a tenacious enemy, 
one union involved should be 
taking five inter-union dispute 

“If managements, particu- 
larly in the national and 
provincial newspapers, are to 
be prevented from continually 
gaining the initiative, dividing 
the unions and perhaps intro- 
ducing non-unionism, the 
priming unions have surely to 
act in a co-ordinated and 
unified manner”. 

He said that the only solu- 
tion was for a single union for 
the print industry, a . call 
similar to that made to the 
conference earlier this week by 
Miss Brenda Dean. Sogai 
general secretary. 

Referring to talks with the 
Labour Party on an alterna- 
tive system oflabour laws, Mr 
Willis said that the TUC was 
proposing that the union rule 
book must provide for ballots 
on strikes and secret ballots 
for union executive positions. 

• Mr Eric Hammond, the 
electricians' union leader, is to 
meet Mr Willis today to report 
on his transatlantic initiative 

.to reopen talks oh the 
Wapping dispute (Michael 
McCarthy writes). 

Mr Hammond, accompa- 
nied by Mr Tom Rice, his 
national secretary for the 
printing industry, flew to Los 
Angeles last weekend at the 
TUCs behest for talks with 
Mr Rupert Murdoch, News 
International chairman, and 
Mr Bruce Matthews, manag- 
ing director. 

• Conference delegates yes- 
terday voted overwhelmingly 
in favour of a motion calling 
for merger talks with Sogai 

MPs hit at 
sport cash 

North Yorkshire Police 
have beat seriously criticised 
by 60 Labour MPs for accept- 
ing sport sponsorship from a 
firm at the centre of an 
industrial dispute which offi- 
cers have been policing (Rich- 
ard Evans writes). 

In a Commons early day 
motion, the MPs expressed 
“incredulity and concern'" that 
in the middle of the dispute 
between Silentnight Holdings 
at Sutton, Surrey, and trade 
onion members the police 
should have accepted money 
from the firm. 

About £1,500 was given by 
the firm to a police team in the 
Three Peaks’ yacht race. 

Police get 

By Stewart Tendler 
Crime Reporter 
New guidelines for high- 
speed police pursuits have 
been adopted by chief consta- 
bles so that only top class 
police drivers using rmaxi- 
tnum care” should be - in- 
volved in chases. 

As details of the guidelines 
were published yesterday, a 
London police constable died 
after his car was hit •: 

Police Constable Martin 
Bell aged 27, was the first 
person to die in a chase in 
London this year, but there 
were 1 1 such deaths In Lon- 
don between 1982 and 1984. 

Woman fools everyone 
in shoplifting case, 

Police were yesterday trying 
to trace a woman who fooled 
everyone in a shoplifting court 
case. When she was arrested 
she gave the name and address 
of her best friend. When she 
appeared in court her friend — 
who did not know anything 
about it — was babysitting for 

No one at Newbury Magis- 
trates Court, Berkshire, de- 
tected the deception and now 
the woman has disappeared, 
leaving her friend to race the 
village gossips. The friend, 19- 
year-old Belinda Cartwright, 
of Upper Lam bourn, near 
Newbury, knew nothing about 
the court case until a local 
newspaper carried a report test 

She learned to her horror 
that she had been fined £50 for 
stealing food and other goods 
from Tesco in Newbury. The 
thief gave the store detective 
and police Belinda's correct 

Defending solicitor Mr Jan 
Campbell — who was also un- 
aware of ihe deception — told 
the court the bogus “Belinda" 
had been short of money and 
had been having a series of 
bad nights, with her child, aged, 
one. who was teething. 

The real Belinda learned 
what bad happened from her 
mother as' she recovered, in 
hospital after giving birth, to 
her week-old baby. 

Police are trying to locate 
the woman. 

The public 
face of 

Freemasons are trying to 
improve their public image, 
after more than 30 years of 
obsessive reticence, with the 
opening of the first permanent 
public masonic exhibition in 
London today by the Duke of 
Kent. Grand Master of the 
United Grand Lodge of 

For too long freemasons feel 
they have been maligned by 
critics portraying them as 
members of secret societies 
indulging in obscure rituals 
with religious overtones, and 
using their masonic contacts 
to advance their own interests. 

The exhibition in Free- 
masons’ HalL Great Queen 
Street Holbom, puts on pub- 
lic show for the first time 
many documents and arte- 
facts tracing the history of 
freemasonry. It also draws 
attention to masonic charita- 
ble works as well as naming 
royals and the famous who 
were freemasons. 

Freemasonry is one of the 
world's oldest secular societies 
and developed in England in 
the late sixteenth or early 

Spy trial 
told of 
bank cash 

for 11 

Pop sing* 
to iea' o 

fanes pin l 

Sii! eared 


TbeDnkeof Duke of Kent, in his regalia as Grand Master of 
the United Grand Lodge of England. 

seventeenth centuries and 
may have been descended 
from the craft of medieval 

Commander Michael High- 
am (RN). Grand Secretary of 
the Grand Lodge, which ad- 
ministers about 8.500 lodges 
with between 300.000-500.000 
members in Britain, said that 
before the Second World War 
there were three masonic 
periodicals and freemasons 
had a higher public profile. 

Since then freemasons had 
been in a defensive posture 
and in the last lew years it was 
decided to try to dear up some 

of the public misconceptions: 

Freemasons were discour- 
aged from saying they were 
members to prevent freema- 
sonry being used for self- 
interest and the primary 
qualification for membership 
was a belief' in a Supreme 


C ': v. 

1. ■ t- - _ 

’i\v r 

An East German woman 
accused of espionage paid 
nearly £13.000 into bank ac- 
counts. although she did*not 
work until a few months 
before her arrest, the Central 
Criminal Court was told yes- 
terday (Stewart. Tendier 

Sonja Schulze, aged 3femid 
her husband Reinhard, aged 
33. of Cranford, west London, 
have denied charges under the 
Official Secrets Act . and 
charges involving passports?. 

The prosecution has alleged 
that funds were accredited to 
tiie couple’s accounts in some 
instances immediately .follow- 
ing trips abroad. 

Yesterday Detective ■■ Ser- 
geant Richard Shepherd of 
Scotland Yard's Special 
Branch told the court that Mrs 
Schulze had deposited 
£12.906 in Irish and British 
bank accounts. : 

Between the end of 1982. 
and - the end of L983 ; Mra 
Schulze - made three .trips 
abroad -arid made .deposits., 
after each trip. / 7 ■ - ^ - : t l £ .... * . 

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Growth in number of 
Mature applicants 
for university places 

_ . By Ln ^y Hodges, Education Correspondent 

1 8 abplySg^ i for f ducat, ’°°j s *5«Bh* 10 be due per 

pfaces dipped «Tg 15 « 

per cent of the total of 

Older students choose to 
study certain subjects, in par- 
ticular the humanities where 
the proportion was as high as 
1 i.7 percent, with 9.7 percent 
opting for social sciences 

Overall, there has been a 
very slight decline in the 
standard of grades achieved at 
A level. The average score of 
home candidates accepted for 
university entrance has re- 
mained the same at 1 1 points 
or two Bs and a C This is the 
first time the average score has 
not risen since it was first cal- 
culated in 1980. 

“It is apparent that univer- 
sities are continuing to accept 
candidates of very high calibre 
as measured by A level re- 
sults," UCCA says. The most 
sought after subjects require 
higher A level scores than 1 1 
points, and these include law, 
medicine, veterinary science. 

same time as the number of 
applicants aged 25 and over 
has increased, according to 
figures published yesterday by 
•the Universities Central 
Council on Admissions. 

Between 1984 and 1985 
there ; was a 10.3 per cent 
-increase in the number of 
over-25s applying to study for 
a university degree, and a 1 .5 
<frop tn applicants 
aged 18, the UCCA statistical 
supplement for 1984-85 says. 
This drop is attributed to the 
decline in the birth rate from 
the mid-1960s. 

-The rise in mature appli- 
cants wanting a university 

that universities have been 
encouraging more mature stu- 
dents to apply, and accepting 
proportionatelymore of them; 
and that the universities of 
Glasgow. Strathclyde and Ul- 

ster are taking part fully now 
m the UCCA admissions 
scheme. They take more than 
average numbers of mature 

The previous year there was 
an 8.1 per cent increase in the 
number of over-25s applying 
for university, when there 
were no special factors operat- 
ing, so the trend is clear. In the 
academic year 1984-85 there 
were 8,942 candidates over 
the age of 25, representing 5.7 

jfatributlon of home candidates lom-ag 

91,656 35,433 15,460 
89.162 35,677 16.369 

% increase 

■ 9.128 67.848 34.534 Ifi'fiaa 

7*497 157,015 
8,107 156,488 
8.942 157.085 

English and accountancy. 
Suuisiicol Supplement to 

Teachers fight ethnic poll 

Teachers in London are 
- boycotting a census which 
-seeks to establish the ethnic 
origin of staff working for the 
'Inner London Education Au- 
thority (our Education Corre- 
spondent writes). 

, They are being supported in 
the anion by the National 
Union of Teachers, and al- 
most half the 1.000 schools, in 
the Inner London Education 
Authority have refused to fill 
in the questionnaire. 

The Ilea, the largest educa- 
tion authority in Britain, has 
warned the teachers that they 
could face disciplinary action 
if they do not comply. 

In common with many 
organizations, the authority 
argues that it needs informa- 
tion about the racial origins of 

its 21.000 teachers to assess 
whether its equal opportuni- 
ties policies are working. 

The Commission for Racial 
Equality makes the same argu- 
ment. and there is widespread 
agreement nationally on the 
need for ethnic monitoring 

However, ethnic minority 
groups and those on the leu 
are suspicious. They are wor- 
ried that the information 
might fall into the wrong 

Mr Mike Loosley, secretary 
of the Inner London Teachers' 
Association, said: “The pres- 
sure is being put on heads 
now. f know of some who 
have had four reminders and 
others who have had unoffi- 
cial threats of disciplinary 

“We have advised our 
members to slick fast in not 
participating, but. if the au- 
thority is unwise, it is heading 
for confrontation. If it is wise, 
it will talk about it further, but 
I fear the first." 

A spolesman at NUT head- 
quarters said that the Ilea's 
intentions may have been 
good but the authority seemed 
to have made some tactical 

Many people did not be- 
lieve, for example, that there 
were foolproof safeguards 
about confidentiality. 

about confidentiality. 

Mr Saleh Mamon, secretary 
of the London Black Teachers 
Group, said there was im- 
mense resentment about the 

Pop singer PC in shooting ‘victim 
to leave of 1,000 to 1 chance’ 

By Nicholas Beestan 

Boy George, the pop music 
star, announced plans to leave 
Britain yesterday, after his 
brother said that 'jie was a 
heroin addict with only eight 
weeks to live. 

The millionaire singer gave 
conflicting accounts of his 
health, saying he was “fit 
enough to run a marathon" 

. and liter admitting he was “an 
out and out junkie with only a 
few weeks to live"... 

. His brother, Mr . David 
O’Dowd, aged 21, repeated 
charges published in The Sun 
newspaper, and said: “I went 
public about George’s heroin 
addiction because I believe it 
is the only way he can be sav- 
ed. Leaving the country now 
wpuld just be running away 
from the problem-" 

Fumes put 10 
in hospital 

Ten people were taken to 
hospital yesterday after anoth- 
er escape of fumes was detect- 
ed in a store where experts 
were investigating a gas leak. 
The Tesco supermarket at 
Carmarthen in West Wales 
was closed while health offi- 
cials checked freezer equip- 

Eighty eight people were 
treated in the West Wales 
General Hospital at Glangwili 
on Wednesday after the first 
escape of fumes caused chaos. 

The tragic shooting of John 
Sh orthouse, aged 5. by a police 
marksman was a lesson to all 
police forces to ensure that 
children were not at risk be- 
fore armed officers searched 
for criminals, Stafford Crown 
Court was told yesterday. 

Mr Anthony Palmer, QC, 
defending Police Constable 
Brian Chester, who has denied 
the unlawful Wiling of the boy, 
told the jury that the officer 
had been the victim of a 
“cruel, l. 000-1 chance.” 

A verdict is expected today. 

PC Chester, aged 35, of 
Leek Woorion, Warwickshire, 
is accused of gross negligence 
in shooting John Shorthouse 
through the heart from nine 
inches range, as the boy lay in 
his bed during a police raid on 
his parents’ maisonette in 
Birmingham last August. 

Mr Palmer, summing up, 
told the jury: “No verdict of 
yours can bring the lad back. 
He was a victim. 

“Brian Chester is also a 
victim — a victim of today's 
violence which requires a beat 
bobby without a penny’s extra 
pay to go into places to face, 
possibly, an armed man. 

“He is a victim of inade- 
quate preparation, no proper 
reconnaissance, no proper in- 

formation as to who was in the 
house, and who might be 
sleeping where. He was a 
victim of a cruel 1,000-1 

Mr Palmer added: “One 
thing that might be learned 
from this case by all police 
forces in future is to have 
better reconnaissance and bet- 
ter information about who 
lives in the house before they 
go in.” 

Mr Palmer said that PC 
Chester had not been told 
there were children in the mai- 
sonette as police searched for 
three men — including John 
Shorihouse's father, who had 
carried out an armed raid on a 
restaurant in Wales earlier. 

The jury had to be sure that 
the marksman had fired delib- 
erately, and knew that John 
Shorthouse was in the bed- 
room, as the prosecution 
claimed, before they could 

“He must have squeezed 
the trigger, but he has no 
memory, no realization of 
having done so," Mr Palmer 

The prosecution claimed 
that the boy must have moved 
and startled PC Chester, who 
fired instinctively as a result. 

The case continues today. 

Five-star rating for 
former railway hotel 

By Ronald Faux 

Wife cleared 

of killing 

Mrs Gillian RendelL who 
stabbed her violent husband 
to death with a carving kmte 
last December, was acquitted 
at the Central Criminal Court 

The first five-star accolade Only Gleneagles Hotel in 
to be awarded by the Automo- Perthshire, part of the same 
bile Association for more than group, holds five-star status in 
10 years was presented to the Scotland Of the 21 five-star 
Caledonian Hotel Edinburgh, hotels in Britain, only five are 
yesterday. outside London. 

The former railway hotel at 

the western end Of Princes Mr Shaun Dowling, chair- 
Street, is now part of the man of Gleneagles Hotels, 
Guinness oiganizaii on. It was said that the company was 
built in 19031 by the Caledo- particularly pleased to receive 
nian Railway Company, a red the award on the eve of the 
sandstone monument to Ed- Commonwealth Games in Ed- 

yesterday of murder. 

Mrs Rehdell, aged a 



^^■VvSsTu & 


Mrs Thatcher taking a trip down The Thames with Richard Branson in Virgin Challenger 
21 last night Earlier, the boat had swept past Tower Bridge on its triumphant return to 
London (Photographs: Bill Warhorst and John Manning). 

Statistical Supplement to the 
Twcniv-third Report 1984-85 
(UCCA. PO Box 28. Chclien- 
ham. Gloucestershire GL50 
1HY: £3). 

offer of 

After sweeping victoriously 
into London up the Thames in 
bis boat Virgin Atlantic Chal- 
lenger II yesterday, Richard 
Branson offered his own tro- 
phy to challengers for the 
Atlantic Bine Riband. 

“I've thrown down the 
gauntlet, invited other chal- 
lengers and now I'm offering a 
trophy to promote competition 
as Howard Hales intended,” 
be said. 

The original Hales Trophy, 
presented by Mr Howard 
Hales to holders of the Bine 
Riband, is m the American 
Merchant Marine Museum in 
New York. 

The curators are refusing to 
give up the trophy, which has 
been in the museum since the 
American liner United States 
last broke the transatlantic 
crossing record 34 years ago. 

“Since all Hales' trustees 
are now dead, there is a danger 
that it will stay there for ever," 
Mr Branson said. He was 
speaking at a champagne re- 
ception aboard a mock Missis- 
sippi river boat — part of his 
Virgin empire. 

The Virgin A tlanti c Chal- 
lenger Trophy for the Blue 
Riband would be available to 
anyone who beat Mr 

in court 

was granted an application 
under the Police and Criminal 

under the Police and Criminal 
Evidence Act for a 24-hour 
extension to the 36 hours 
allowed for questioning a 
suspect without charge. 

Mr Palmer. 36, wearing a 
pink tee-shirt and grey trou- 
sers. sat impassively in the 
dock during the 1 0-minute 
hearing before magistrate Mr 
Eric Crowther. which was held 
in camera. He was represented 
by Bristol solicitor Mr Philip 
AJbery. who did not object to 
the police application. 

Mr Albery said his client 
had consented to being held in 
custody for questioning for 
another 36 hours. “He did not 
apply for bail and he will 
probably appear tomorrow at 
the same court,” Mr AJbery 

Mr Palmer, being ques- 
tioned about the £26 million 
Brinks Mat gold bullion raid 
at Heathrow in 1983, was 
asked to leave Tenerife last 

tank that her sandstone monument to to- tommonwesmn uaraesm ca- Sunday under Spain’s new 
iS 22, opulence which re- inburgh, for which the Caledo- a i ie n laws. He was refused 

husband Muted, ageo ^nndeTwent a £4 million nian was to be the “flagship admission to Brazil because 

drugs after rentiy underwent a £4 million man was io oe me nagsmp admission to Brazil uec 
turned to drink and drugs a renuyun hole!. his passport had expired. 

* l983 - JS renovation 

regularly beat her up and — — * 

called her a slave. U 


Rare Chinese art for sale 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

n lpo tO COUrt The collapse of a Hong equals the debt and he is Oated ot the b«t of the later 

pittt empire is selling up in an attempt to Ming and Qmg dynasty porce- 

Vnno shinning empire is selling m an anempc to wuugium vaiw, 

The High Court yesterday «5e rf tire most settle the collapse with bon- tains, the most sophisticated 

reserved judgment in anappu- wmgu« ^ chi- onr. imperial wares, is also charac- 

cation by Mr Alex Herbag' Mr Chao was bora in teristk of Chinese taste, 

the international fijJMicier, ior ne* colIectjon fonne d by Shanghai in 1911 At the Edward Chow sale in 

an order bloctang his wtraoi y {xhao, aged 75, founder of Irifcaaa tawya. He moved into Hong Kong in May 1981 be 

lion to the United States. ^ Kwong Shipping, is ral- shipping in the wake of toe C2rr ^ 0 ff a fifteenth century 

Mr Herb^ affd 55, B £7 million by SiuoJagnesewar.bnynmh^ bIae . aad . wbite flask at 

warned in Ftoncta. on speei firsj 9 ; »^ton^«sel. in ©46- H K$3 million (about 

men charges rented wan pieC£S ^ ^ In 1948 he moved his family £208,000). The shape of the 

alleged S4o ffl dlion (jp dispersed in two sales in Hong and his btmaess to Hpig Kong jg harrowed from Islamic 

lion) investment fraud. SKiT November 1986 and to escape ithe communists and ,,,** 1 **^ and is decorated 

_ May 1987. Roughly half the P^perw, becoming one of with romping Chinese dragons 

Girl dies on & , “ dmg ^ 

l iTT« iMav 4 H"" 

school sono^y f >^^- Km)Ilggro0 p^th cm™*? 

Police and coun “L£,^i^ , ,u of 65 vessels has been 30 and t 
were inquiring struck by the recession in bought nr 

the death ofCterre S^ uorld-wide aod is wines I 

aged 10. at the rhorabndge t0 restructure the parkctH 

Wfe ** ag-fiTSSK’S 

or M-ddie^ sis 

Sheffield, died after felling ^ pr | fa t e fortune roughly That he 

ft into a stairwell. 

ness figures. 

He bought his first piece of 

aged 10, at the Thombndge 
l^jcationaiCfentre, Ashg^ 
fn the Derbyshire Peak 

Chinese porcelain at the age of Chow sale was a Ming blue- 
30 and in recent years has and-yellowdish which cost him 

in uie 

bought many of the greatest 
rarities that came on the 
market. He has the perfection- 
ism typical of Chinese collec- 
tors, almost every piece in his 
collection is in perfect 

That he should have concen- 

and-yeiiowmsn wmen cusc aim 
HKSI .6 million (about 
£133,000). Wares combining 
floral decoration in nnderglaze 
blue and an imperial yellow 
ground were produced through 
five reigns but this is the 
earliest dating from the begin- 
ning of the fifteenth century. 

62 i 

w pi itti 

Branson's record of three days 
eight hours and 31 minutes for 
the crossing. 

It will incorporate the Bish- 
ops Rock LighthOHse Trophy 
presented to Mr Branson at 
the Stilly Isles when he 
crossed the finishing line on 

Mr Branson was given a 
hero’s welcome as Virgin At- 
lantic Challenger Q sped at 
frill speed through Tower 

He was greeted by Princess 
Michael of Kent, who 
launched the 75-foot £1.5 mil- 
lion boat in May. 

The more 

John “Goldfinger" Palmer, 
the fugitive jeweller being 
questioned about Britain's 
biggest robbery, appeared at 
Horseferry Road Magistrates 
court yesterday. Detective 
Chief Inspector Ron Smith 

the more it 

No charges have been 
made, and if there are still 
none at the end of the 24-hour 
deadline, police will have to 
apply for a further extension 
or release Mr Palmer. 

Instant Xtra. 

I/We enclose a cheque, no: 

1 (minimum investment £500) 

to be invested in a Halifax Instant Xtra Account. 

Another big buy at the I f 

n i • Tkaztm * w I K 




Sizeable drop in 
cost of winter 

package holidays 

By Derek Harris. Industrial Editor 

Package holidays prices are 
now so low that tour operators 
have detected a trend towards 
three foreign holidays a year. 

Intasun. Britain's second 
biggest tour operator, yester- 
day released its winter tour 
brochure with some prices 
between a fifth and nearly a 
ihird cheaper than last winter, 
with a wide range of cheap 
offers for families and the 
over-55 age group. 

More than half the winter 
sun ofierin£S and more than a 
third of ski holidays on offer 
from Thomas Cook Holidays, 
which also released its bro- 
chure yesterday, are cheaper 
than last winter. 

However, both companies 
gave a warning that the price 
discounting was unlikely to 
last. Mr Roger Heape. 
Imasun's managing director, 
said that he expected an 
overall price increase next 

Mr Erich Reich, Thomas 
Cook's managing director, 
said: “The increases . . . could 
be anything between 5 and 
10 percent”. 

The average price of Cook's 
winter sun holidays has been 
reduced by 2 per cent, gener- 
ally undercutting its 
com petitions, he said. 

Mr Heape said that there 
were still holidays available 
for the rest of this summer 
into September. While there 
would be some discounting, it 

would be nothing like the 
situation last summer. 

He said that with some 

prices also rising, particularly 
for winter sports, average 

for winter sports, average 
overall prices would be about 
the same as last winter. ; 

Mr Heape said that conflict- 
ing cost pressures would affect 
prices next summer. Exchange 
raies for holiday destination 
currencies, notably the Span- 
ish peseta, were not as 
favourable as they had been, 
and ii was difficult to estimate 
how long cheaper aviation fuel 
costs would continue. 

The attitude of Spanish 
hoteliers had been 
“encouraging" because they 
did not seem to be following 
the pattern of demanding a 
disproportionate increase in 
room rates after a good sea- 
son. But he gave a warning 
that there would be increased 
hotel charges because of high- 
er rates of local inflation. 

Intasun hopes to entice 
holidaymakers with ofFers,-in- 
cluding free airport parking, 
while no-surcharge guarantees 
against currency changes or 
rises in fuel costs could 
amount to an extra bill of up 
to £10. or a similar-sized 

Fnnge benefits on offer 
from Cook’s include free air- 
port parking, an unqualified 
no surcharges guarantee, free 
overnight accommodation for 
those on early morning flights 

New development puts 
historic Leeds ‘at risk’ 

By Christopher Warmnn, Property Correspondent 

Historic buildings in the 
centre of Leeds are under 
threat because of large devel- 
opment schemes which take 
no account of their impact on 
the heritage of the city, a 
report by Save Britain's Heri- 
tage says today. 

The report written by Mr 
Ken Powell, says that Leeds 
has retained much of its 
historic character but argues 
that heritage is being squan- 
dered in an uncritical pursuit 
of new development often of 
the most inappropriate type". 

It details a proposed devel- 

opment by MAB, a Dutch 
company, for a large site in 

company, for a large site in 
Kirkgaie, which he claims 
would involve the demolition 
of a considerable number of 
Victorian buildings. 

“Most of Leeds market 
would be rebuilt and also the 
scale of the development is 
likely to jeopardize the future 
of Boar Lane, one of the great 
historic streets of Leeds." 

The report stales that “the 
overriding aim in Leeds plan- 
ning appears to remain, as it 
was 10 or even 20 years ago, to 
obtain large development 
schemes, regardless of their 
impact on the fabric 

Although there have been 
success stories, including the 
riverside area of central Leeds, 
a survey of local authority 
spending on conservation 
shows that Leeds ranked far 
below comparable cities 

Leeds: .4 Lost Opportunity'? 
(Save. 68 Battersea High Street. 
London SWJ1 5HX:£3X 

Halifax Instant Xtra automatically puts 
your money on its honest interest lewl -■ with 
full instant access and no penalties. 

Automatic maxunummlere^ 

With Instant Xtra your investment is 
constantly monitored to give you the best rate of 
interest As you invest more and move up a level 
so Instant Xtra automatically moves the interest up 
on your whole investment No forms, or fuss, and 
your interest is compounded annually. 

Instant withdraw 

Instant Xtra also lets you withdraw instantly 
without notice or penalties. If that changes your 
balance band. Instant Xtra again automatically adjusts 
the rate. And even if you go under £500 you’ll still 
get our normal share rate (currently 525% net) until 
you build up again. 

In short. Instant Xtra keeps your money 
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the size of your investment Fill in the coupon or 
pop into our nearest office - it’s that easy to get 





Stalker case 

Future checks on broadcasting 
should not be less than now 


The Government saw merit in 
the proposals of the Peacock 
Committee on financing the 
BBC paving the way for a free 
broadcasting market with an 
increase in the proportion of 
television programmes supplied 
by independent producers, Mr 
Douglas Hurd, the Home Sec- 
retary. said in a statement to the 
Commons on the report (which 
is detailed on this pa^e). 

Careful consideration would 
have to be given to this and 
other ideas in a stimulating and 
chajlenging report, he said, 
which would encourage 
constructive public debate. 

Final views would be reached 
only after parliamentary and 
public reaction and views from 
other interested parties, but be 
had comments to make on a 
number of die proposals by the 

There is the proposal (he said) 
by four members of the commit- 
tee that IBA contracts should be 
awarded by a competitive 
tender with the IBA required to 
make a full public and detailed 
statement of its reasons if it 
decided to award a franchise to a 
contractor other than the one 
making the highest bid. 

The Government has reached 
no conclusion on this recom- 
mendation. However, it is anx- 
ious that the option for change 
should remain open. This would 
not be the case if the (BA 
proceeds to arrange new I TV 
contracts to take effect from the 
begining of 1990 for eight years. 

So the Government is consid- 
ering with the IBA the relation- 
ship between this timetable and 
the committee’s recommenda- 
tion. The Government does not 
propose to disturb the work 
which the IBA has in hand to 
make a contract for the pro- 
vision of direct broadcasting by 
satellite services. 

There is the question of the 
regulation of the content of 
broadcast programmes. The 
committee suggests that broad- 
cast services should be subject 
only to such regulation as is 
provided for all material in the 
general law of the land, as is the 
case for the print media, and in 
the long term there should be no 
pre-publication censorship or 
vetting of any kind of 

Present arrangements reflect 
the view that the peculiarly 
intrusive nature of broadcasting 
and in particular of televison, 
continue to require special regu- 
latory arrangements to ensure 
certain standards in broadcast 

For this reason we have 
broadcasting authorities to en- 
force controls on such matters 
as taste and decency in 
broadcasting wbich are much 
stricter than those applying to 
the print media, or than could 
easily be accommodated in the 
criminal law. 

The present regulatory regime 
and the institutions to give 
effect to them, are certainly not 
sacrosanct, but the Government 

believes that any future arrange- 
ments should be no less effective 
than those now in place. 

I have already announced the 
intention to publish a Green 
Paper looking at the existing 
framework for the provision 
and regulation of radio 
broadcasting as a whole. 

It would be helpful for this 
consultative document to exam- 
ine further services at national 
local and community level and 
that the future of BBC radio 
services and those provided by 
the IBA should be looked at in 
the light of the Peacock 
Committee’s recommendabons. 
Mr Gerald Kaufman, chief 
Opposition spokesman on 
home affairs, dismissed the 
statement as a jumble of evasive 
verbiage. The report was die 
classic example of asking a silly 
question and getting the in- 
evitable silly reply except that in 
Ihis case there had not even 
been the expected silly answer. 

Even the pet solution of the 
Prime Minister, for advertising 
on the BBC , had been turned 
down. The trusted and hand- 
picked team to provide the 
required answer had failed to 
oblige. There would be a few 
empty places in the next hon- 
ours fist. 

The Labour Party rejected 
practically every one of the 
committee's conclusions, much 
of which would turn the BBC 
into the television equivalent of 
junk food or drive it into a 
cultural ghetto without the guar- 
anteed income to make plans for 
the minority audience to which 
it would be limited. 

The report was a mess as the 
Oppostion bad warned at the 
outset it would be . The forth- 
coming Labour Govememnt 
would phase out licence fees for 
all pensioners, would re-exam- 
ine the financing of the BBC and 
would ensure that this great 
national institution, inter- 
nationally respected, was not 
only preserved but was pro- 
tected from interference by gov- 
ernments of any party. 

The right place for the report 
was not the pigeon hole but the 
waste paper basket. 

Mr Hurd said the Opposition’s 
analysis of the report was well 
wide of the mark, ltwasadeeply 
depressing and backward look- 
ing approach. It showed no sign 
of understanding the immense 
range of choices which tech- 
nological change would open up 
for the customer. 

Mr Leon Brittan (Richmond, 
Yorks. C). the former Horae 
Secretary who set up the in- 
quiry. said that in spite of the 
characteristically trivial and 
dinosaur nonsense emanating 
from the Opposition this report 
amply justified the hope that 
looking at the finances of the 
BBC would lead to radical and 
imaginative proposals for the 
future of broadcasting generally. 

Although no one would ac- 
cept all the recommendations 
and in particular some of the 
short term ones, the central 
thrust of the proposals putting 
forward the concept of a BBC 

funded by subscription but 
supplemented by an Arts Coun- 
cil-like body funding those pro- 
grammes whose ratings atone 
would not keep them going- 
combined the highest possible 
degree of choice for the con- 
sumer with the central features 
of public service broadcasting 
that they had known. 

While there should be foil 
discussion of the details of the 
report, so far from it being 
something that should be pi- 
geon-holed it provided a spring- 
board for action and should not 
be a pretext for delay. 

Mr Hunt said he hoped that 
despite the initial dispiriting 
reaction of the Opposition they 
would play their part, at least as 
individuals, in a constructive 
debate on the detailed 

Mr dement Freud (North East 
Cambridgeshire. L) said this 
well-documented and presented 
report showed that financial 
considerations could not be 
taken in isolation. 

We welcome (he went on) the 
rejection of advertising. We are 

Brittan: Report provides 
springboard for action * 

alarmed at the possibility of 
separating Radios / and 2 mom 
Radios 3 and 4 which might well 
turn the BBC into a cultural 

There was no connection 
between broadcasting costs and 
the RPI. Would the Home 
Secretary look again carefully at 
his decision to index the TV 
licence in accordance with the 
retail price index?* 

Mr Hard said Mr Freud was 
wrong in saying that there was 
some decision about the 
indexation of the licence fee. 
This was a proposal put forward 
by Peacock. 

Sir Paul Bryan (Booth ferry, CL 
Having wisely rejected advertis- 
ing on the BBC, presumably on 
the grounds that it would lead 
Briush broadcasting down the 
road towards the American 
model, is he not surprised that 
the Peacock committee ad- 
vocated the auctioning of TV 
franchises which really leads in 
much the same direction? 

Mr Hunt Yes. The committee 
had a bit of a tussle on the 
recommendation about the 
auctioning of future IBA con- 
tracts. This will need a good deal 
of care. 

Mr Mertyn Rees (Leeds. South 
and Moriey. Lab) said to see the 
Government look on compet- 
itive tendering with approval 
was worrying. What had it in 

Mr Hurd said that on the IBA 
franchises the IBA had ideas for 
changing the present system. 

We are in touch with the IBA 
(he continued) so that-we do not 
get into a position where we are 
locked into the existing time- 
table and find that the Govern- 
ment cannot make any effective 
changes before 1 998 because the 
machinery he specified begins to 
roll in the autumn of next year. 

We have not worked out with 
the IBA how that problem of 
liming is to be solved. I will 
need to keep the House in- 
formed about that. 

Mr Timothy Brinton 
(Gravesham, O said urgency on 
the method of allocating fran- 
chises was of paramount im- 

Mr Hard said Mr Brinton was 
right about the urgency of 
clarifying the situation on ITV 
franchises. This would clearly be 
one of the first decisions to be 

He was a little reluctant today 
to say “Yes" to a general review 
of TV as well as of radio. 

Mr Hurd added that the Pea- 
cock Committee. though 
admirably unpartisan in almost 
all its utterances, rejected the 
Labour Party’s policy of giving a 
£325 million bribe to pensioners 
which Mr Kaufman had con- 
firmed today. 

Mr Joe Ashton (Bassetlaw, Lab) 
asked if the Government would 
accept the recommendation that 
pensioners on social security 
should get a free television 
licence paid for by a £10 tax on 
car radios so that the affluent 
would be helping poorer people. 

Mr Hurd: I am not rejecting that 
fine of approach totally today. 
But it is cosily and will need a 
lot of thought to see if anything 
worthwhile can be done. 

Sir David Price (Eastleigh C) 
said there was simply not 
enough advertising to finance 
both the BBC the IBA and the 

Mr Hard pointed out that things 
like free newspapers had sprung 
up and grown on a great deal of 
advertising which the experts 
would not have supposed 

Mr Robert Madcnnan (Caith- 
ness and Sutherland SDP) said 
il would be quite unacceptable if 
this matter were to be kicked 
into touch until after the next 
general election. 

Mr Hurd said some of the 
recommendations of the Pea- 
cock Committee needed speedy 
decisions and others a longer 

Mr Peter Bnrinvels (Leicester 
East C) said £58 TV Tee was for 
loo much for what was offered 
on the BBC and it should be 
reduced not over the next two or 
three years but immediately. 
Any delay would be seen as a 
victory to the BBC. 


Pay premium to 
attract teachers 


The Government was prepared 
to pay a premium to mathemat- 
ics and physics teachers in short 
supply, but this was opposed by 
the National Union of Teachers 
and the Labour leadership. Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher, the Prime 
Minister, said during Commons 

Mr Neil Khraock, the Leader of 
the Labour Rsrty, considered 
that any pay differential would 
lead to demoralization among 
other teachers. Mrs Thatcher 
said the premium was possibly 
the only way of getting the extra 
teachers needed and the Gov- 
ernment had a duty to try to 
obtain them. 

Mr Kin nock asked her Has she 
seen the admission made by the 
Secretary of Slate for Employ- 
ment that shortages of specialist 
teachers are the major con- 
straint on technical education in 
this country and shortages of 
specialist teachers in maths and 
science and technology subjects 
and in languages are now very 
serious and widespread in 
secondary schools? 

What is she going to do to 
ensure shortages in these vital 
subjects are overcome by the 
beginning of the new term in 

Mrs Thatcher: This is one of the 
matters being considered by 
Acas in the discussions about 
teachers' pay and on much 
wider matters as welL It is a/so 
being studied in Scotland. 

This Government would like, 
if need be, to get the extra 
teachers and to pay them extra 

on the grounds that if we cannot 
get maths and physics teachers 
on the present rates of pay 
because the demand for them in 
industry is so great we have a 
duty to the children to try to 
obtain these teachers. Objec- 
tions come not from this Gov- 
ernment but from the NUT. 

Mr Kinnock: Does she imagine, 
as a former Secretary of State for 
Education, that premiums to 
particular teachers in particular 
shortage subjects would be 
satisfactory as a way of reward- 
ing teachers? (Conservative 
backbenchers: Yes) 

The present feeling among 
teachers in al) subjects and in 
primary schools is that they are 
under-valued and under-paid in 

Mrs Thatcher: He is saying that 
he refuses to give permission to 
the way to get extra maths and 
physics teachers to teach the 
children? The children too have 

Mr Kinnock: Will she take the 
advice of HM Inspectors and 
ask them whether they think the 
way to repair the great shortages 
in our education system is to 
pay premiums to particular 
teachers, with all the con- 
sequences of demoralization? Is 
not the reality that that will 
occur in other areas of the 
curriculum that are vital but not 
so subject to shortages at the 

Mrs Thatcher: He is asking 
about the way of getting special- 
ist teachers in maths and phys- 
ics. He accepts the children need 
extra teachers. One of the ways 
of getting them - possibly the 
only effective way - is to pay a 

Commission might act 
on airline cartels 


The Government would pursue 
liberalization of ihe airline mar- 
ket in Europe very much more 
during Britain's presidency of 

Oppenheim: Unnecessary 
extra costs resalt 

the EEC. Mrs Thatcher, the 
Prime Minister, said during 
Commons questions when 

asked about the failure of the 
EEC states to agree on the 

The European Commission 
might take independent action 
against airline cartels, she saicL 
Mr Phillip Oppenheim (Amber 
Valley. Cj: Will she consider the 
depressing news that most of 
our so-called EEC partners have 
decided against following our 
lead and against effective lib- 
eralization of the European 
airline market? 

Will this not result in extra 
unnecessary costs on both con- 
sumers and business and is it 
not ironic that those who are 
often fastest in deploying Euro- 
pean rhetoric are often the 
slowest to act when the interests 
of their inefferiem state-run 
airlines are at stake? 

Mra Thatcher In the absence of 
agreement of the Council the 
European Commission may 
take independent action against 
airline cartels. 

In the meantime we shall do 
our best to cany this matter 
forward and our record is good. 

Supergrass worries 

The Government was aware of 
worries in Northern Ireland 
over supergrass trials and was 
considering them. Mr Tom 
King, Secretary of State for 
Northern Ireland, said during 
Commons questioning. 

He was replying to Ms Clare 
Short (Birmingham Ladywood. 
Lab) who said that supergrass 
trials alienated the nationalist 
pulation in Northern Ireland 
m the system of justice. 


Now. in Britain, there was the 
horrifying possibility that prob- 
ably. the wrong people had been 
locked up for the Guildford and 
Birmingham bombings. 

Mr King replied that supergrass 
trials were a worry not only to 
the nationalist minority 

They caused concern because 
of the real problems over jury 
trials that were laced in a society 
where intimidation was rife. 

Move to help 


A move to give protection to 
people who ran into financial 
difficulties and were unable to 
keep up mortgage repayments 
was unsuccessful during the 
committee stage of the Building I 
Societies Bill in the House of] 

An amendment, moved by’ 
Lord Houghton of Sowerby 1 
(Lab), seeking to put a duty on 
the new Building Societies 
Commission being set up under I 
the Bill to ensure protection for 
people in such circumstances 
was rejected by 1 19 votes to 8! 
— Government majority, 38. 
Lord Brahazon of Tara, a Gov- , 
eminent spokesman, resisting , 
the proposal, said it would be 1 
unfair to building society lend- 
ers to make it a duty for societies, 
to provide a social service. The 
commission was essentially in 
the business of prudent super- 
vision of building societies and 
had no control over them. 

Next week 

Th* main business In the House of 1 
commons new weefcwui be: 

Monday: Detoaie on private Members 
motion on Uw future of manufac- 
iimmi Industry. Debate on the tin i 



Progress on remaining 

slams Of the Finance BUL 
W eS e rt ay : Conclusion of remaining 
stages of the Finance BlIL 
ThuSday : Debate on EEC birfget , 
European Communities (Amendment; I 
Bill, completion of remaining staaes. 
Friday; Debate on policing London. 

The main business In the House of I 
Lords will be: 

Monday- cas Bin. report, second day. I 


Tboreday: Public Order BlIL commit, 
lee. ffm day. 

Fridgr^FlnanOal Services BUI. secood | 



Protests at 
of Britons 

Moving by stages to 

choice for consumers 

There were strong protests in 
tire Home of Lords sit the 
continued detention withont trial 
in Zimbabwe of two British 
dozens, Phflfip Hardebmj and 
Cotin Evans, held for five years 
under regulations introduced by 
the previous Rhodesian regime 
ata tinieof emergency. 

Lord Nugent of Guildford (C) 
was cheered when he declared: It 
really is an outrage to human 
freedom that- men should be 
treated like this. 

When the Marquess of Salis- 
bury (C) asked what steps the 
Government was faking to se- 
cure the men's release. Lady 
Young, Minister of State for 
Foreign and C o mmo nw ealth Af- 
faire, replied that the British 
High Commission in Harare 
had continued to make clear to 
the Zimbabwean authorities its 
hope that Mr Hartiebmy and 
Mr Evans could be released 
soon. Their appeal against 
detention was doe to be heard on 
July 30. 

Lord Nugent of Guildford said 
the matter called for tire utmost 
influence to be used by the 
Government to get these men 

Lady Young: I regret he should 
feel they are not befog helped. 
We have used all the influence 
we have when the Foreign 
Secretary (Sir Geoffrey Howe) 
visited Harare and there have, 
been other ministerial visits. We 
have used oar Influence there 
and the High Commission has 
made regular visits. 

It Is a matter for tire Zim- 
babwe legal system ultimately to 
determine what shall happen. I 
know there are strong feelings in 
all parts of the House on this. 
Lord Harris of Greenwich 
(SDP): If is intolerable that this 
situation continues in circum- i 
stances where there is wide- 
spread concern In all parts of the 
House. (Cheers) 

Lady Young: We are talking 
about an independent country, 
Zimbabwe. We have made 
representations and we are not 
in a position — as this is not the 
UK — to do more than make 
representations in the course of j 
justice in another independent 

Lord TordofT (Lb We have a 
doty to see that these people are 
properly represented. 

Lady Young: To the best of my 
knowledge and betiet they bare 
been property represented. 

The Marquess of Salisbury, 
pointing oof that the regulations 
were produced at a time when 
there was an emergency which 
no longer existed, added: Is this 
not an offence against human 
rights to continue in this wav. 

Lady Young: The regulations by 
the former 'RhodeSiad regime 
were produced at a time when 
the situation was not as it is 
today is Zimbabwe. Whether 
these regulations are repealed is 
a matter for that government. 

Tlie brave new world of However, it was spliv on 
broadcasting envisaged by the whether to privatize BBC 

Peacock Committee would Radios One and Two, agnre- 


sweep away the "]comfbrtabIe 
duopoly” of the BBC and ITV 
by the turn of the century. 

It would give subscribers 
freedom of choice between 
any number of television pro- 

By Gavin Bell, Arts Conespondent 

li cation censorship„has 
place in a free society”- 
Some pensioners on supple 
ing only dial the Corporation memary benefit should be 
should be given ibis option. exempt _frorn the licence fee. 

Only' four of its seven 
members tacked a proposal to 
pul up for auction all 15 
independent TV franchises 

uciuyii hv*“ — 

the BBC should manage the 
and offer 

dllV Iimkiuu ui iv»v - — r‘ — - — - , 

grammes beamed directly into when the contracts expire in 

their homes bv satellite and 1988. 

The first step on the road to 

cable networks. 

The 2 1 9-page report lists 1 8 
recommendations for the first 

of three stages of deregulating 
the industry' — with a start 
being made by . January 
1988 - and of creating a free 
market system dictated by the 

The goal of the evolutionary 
strategy, is defined _ as “a 
system which recognizes that 
viewers and listeners are the 
best ultimate judges of their 
own interest, which they can 
best satisfy if they have the 
option of purchasing the 
broadcasting services they re- 
quire from as many alterna- 
tive sources of supply as 

The Committee concluded 
that for the time being, BBC 
TV should not be forced to 
accept advertising and that the 
licence fee should be indexed 
to inflation. 

a firee-markei system would be 
to adapt television sets for 
direct subscription, which- in 
turn would replace the licence 
fee during stage two in the late 

The final stage in the twen- 
ty-first century would intro- 
duce an era of “electronic 
publishing", m which con- 
sumers would buy packages of 
programmes in much the way 
dial they buy newspapers. 

A key provision is that the 
free market should be supple- 
merited by a subsidized public 
service network, administered 
bv a new Broadcasting Coun- 
cil, to provide programmes of 
minority or specialist interest 
with the accent on “knowl- 
edge, culture, criticism and 

Another is feat all censor- 
ship and vetting should be 
eliminated, because “pre-pub- 

coliection of the fee ant ._ 7 _. 
facilities for payments phased 
throughout the year, and there 
should be a £t0 licence for car 
radios. . ■ , . . ’ 

The- cost of a monochrome 
licence should . also be in- 
creased to discourage people 
from buying them for. colour 
sets. : 

In order to further deregula- 
tion, all restrictions -on “pay- 
per-view” should be 
'abolished; British Telecom 
should be allowed to set up a 
national cable network; .fee 
BBC and. ITV should take at., 
least 40 per cent of- : pro- 
grammes from .independent 
producers; the “silent" early . 
morning-hours should be. auc- 
tioned: and satellite franchises 
should also go on fee market 
The Committee; chaireti by 
Professor Alan Peacock, of 
Heriot-Watt University, visii-- 
ed six foreign countries' and 
received evidence, from 843 
organizations and individuals 
since it was established ' in 
March 1983 to enquire into 
the financing of fee BBC. ■ * . 


Strains of sharing airwaves 

The committee's mam find- 
ings are: 

1. The BBC has tun into 
problems because the buoyan- 
cy of licence revenue arising 
from the transition to colour 
television has come to an end. 

2. Much of the unpopularity 
of the licence fee arises from 
fee a mum I lump sum payment 
and fee harden it inOiets. on 
the poor, many of -whom 
depend on TV for information 
and entertainment. 

3. Both the BBC and ITV 
have suffered from cost and 

efficiency problems arising 
from their “comfortable 

4. This shared supremacy is 
threatened by die development 
of satellite, cable and video 

5. Channel Four has intro- 
duced a new breed of indepen- 
dent producers, whose 
potential for increasing com- 
petition is constrained by then- 
limited market and virtual 
dependence on a monopoly 

6. The technology exists for 

direct subscription, and its 
cost would be reduced if all 
new TV sets were equipped 
with it 

7. Opinion poDs show a 
public willingness to pay di- 
rectly for BBC services. 

8. Independent radio sta- • 
tious are in financial trouble 
because of increasiiq* competi- 
tion for advertisiig, notably 
from commercial breakfast 
television and free newspn- ' 
pers, and there are no signs - 
that their situation will 


Keeping politics 
at arm’s length 

The licence foe: -Pending a 
system of direct subscription, 
the licence fee should be 
linked to the Retail Price 
Index from its next review in 
1988, from a basis of £60 on 
April I next year. The Com- 
mittee drew attention to fee 
political implications of fee 
BBCs dependence on the 
transmission of licence fees 
through government in the 
form of annual grants. 

“One of fee most important 
arguments for indexation is 
that it would bring a measure 
of insulation of the BBC from 
political influence. The evi- 
dence suggests that fee need to 
renegotiate the licence fee 
does at least occasionally in- 
fluence the Corporation, both 
in its general policies and its 
auitude to particular . pro- 
gramme suggestions. 

“It would indeed be aston- 
ishing if be who paid fee piper 
did not occasionally hint at 
fee tune; and it would be 
equally astonishing if the pip- 
er did not occasionally antici- 
pate his- paymaster's calls. 
Indexation will not eliminate 
the paymaster relationship, 
but will put it more at arm’s 

The Committee . also sug- 
gested that indexation would 
pul pressure on the BBC to 
exploit its revenue-earning po- 
tential more forcefully, and 
“to think more carefully be- 

fore embarking on peripheral 
activities far removed from its 
core obligations'*. 

Payment of the fee The 
once-a-year lump sum pay- 
ment is clearly unpopular wife 
some viewers, especially those 
on lower incomes. Among 
alternative suggestions by fee 
BBC, the Committee favoured 
methods such as a surcharge 
on electricity bills where pay- 
ment would be staggered to at 
least once a quarter and the. 
onus would be on the small 
minority of non-TV owners 
(2 per cent of all household- 
ers) to apply for exemption. 

The relatively low cost of a 
monochrome licence, al 
present £18, encourages eva- 
sion in feat many people buy 
one for a colour seL Therefore, 
fee monochrome fee should 
be brought closer to the £58 
colour licence. 

Collection of the fee: The 
Post Office responsibility for 
this service should be trans- 
ferred to fee BBC, as the 
organization wife the greatest 
interest in its efficiency, which 
would, put collection out to 

That might be attractive to 
authorities with computerized 
mailing lists, such as fee 
Electricity Board. Inland Rev- 
enue or Water Board, or TV 
rental companies, and viewers 
might be given a choice of 


Option to sell popular 
services to highest bid 

five members of fee Com- 
mittee proposed that they 
Should be privatized and fi- 
nanced by advertisine. Two 

nanced by advertising. Two would be i 
opposed because they feared it advertisers. 

could compete for advertising 
wife the independent radio 
network, fee resulting market 
would be more attractive to 

King wants swift conclusion of RUC inquiry 


Notwithstanding events in Man- 
duster, Mr Tom King, Sec- 
retary of State for Northern 
Ireland, made dear in the 
Commons that be was anxious 
for the inquiry into allegations 
about an RUC sboot-to-UU 
policy now being handled by Mr 
Colin Sampson, Chief Constable 
of West Yorkshire, to proceed as 
expeditiously as possible. 

He explained daring question 
feat fee terms of reference 
of the inquiry begun under Mr 
John Stalker. Deputy Chief 
Constable of Greater Manches- 
ter, were a matter for the Chief 
Constable of the RUC but he 
understood there had been no 
change on the appointment of 
Mr Sampson. 

At oue stage he declared: 1 am 
anxious to see the RUC inquiry 
completed at the earliest 
posisible date. I would be anx- 
ious to see no delay and the 

matter pressed on wife no bold- 


r Michael Meadowcroft 
(Leeds West, L) wondered if it 
was possible for Mr Stalker to 
be put back on to the inquiry in 
Northern Ireland once the whole 
disciplinary action in Manches- 
ter was resolved. 

Mr King explained that the 
decision to appoint Mr Sampson 
was taken by the Chief Con- 
stable of the RUC but only after 
consultation with HM Chief 
Inspector of Constabulary and 
fee Attorney GeneraL 

My own concern (he went on) 
is that this matter should now be 
pursued as vigorously as pos- 
sible, the facts established, and 
if charges are to be brought. they 
should be broHght at fee earliest 
possible date. 

At the moment we have 
innuendo and rumour affecting 
matters that happened in 1983, 
four years ago, mm this is 
undoubtedly doing dam age to a 
force of outstandingly brave men 
who are seeking impartially to 

uphold law and order hi fee 

Mr Douglas Hogg (Grantham, 
C)\ Should we pot be makjqg 
inquiries to ascertain whether 
anyone in the province was in 
any way responsible for the 
lodging of complaints against 
Mr Stalker? If so, what steps are 
being taken to ascertain the 

Mr Kinp I have no evidence that 
that is the case. Iff this respect 
the matter is not for me. If there 
were any evidence Of that kind it 
would come to light in fee 
further inquiry Mr Sampson is 

Mr Seamus Mallon (Newry and 
Armagh. SDLP) said fee 
appointment of Mr Sampson to 
continue the Stalker inquiry and 
the inquiry into Mr Stalk er’s 
activities in Britain must in- 
evitably cause farther delay. 
Would the minister meet the 
Greater Manchester Police 
Authority to bear then disquiet 
about delay? 

Mr King: But Mr Stalker was. 

not acting alone. He had a team 

working with him and it has 

remained in place and is report- 
ing to Mr Sampson. So that 
matter is being carried forward 
without delay. The suggestion 
that h should be delayed is very 
unsatisfactory. It must be car- 
ried through as promptly as 


Mr Cecil Franks (Barrow and 
Fnrness, C): It is just not 
possible to isolate fee Stalker 
inquiry in Northern Ireland 
from the current inquiry into Mr 
Stalker himself, which inhibits 
comment on the Stalker inquiry 
and what is supposed to be iu fee 
interim report. 

Has feme been any indication 
from the West Yorkshire police 
about how Iona their inquiry into 
Mr Stalker will continue? That 
inquiry should be concluded 
before the House goes into hs 
summer recess. 

Mr King I cannot comment on 
the interim report which Mr 
Stalker had submitted to fee 
Chief Constable and which is 
now in the bauds of the DPP of 

Northern Ireland wife a view to 
considering whether charges 
should be brought Matters 
affecting Mr Stalker and Man- 1 
Chester are not for are. 

Mr Peter Archer, chief Oppo- , 
sition spokesman on Northern 
Ireland, said there had been 
widespread and damaging 
speculation and if no answers 
were given to certain questions, 
people were bound to guess at 

Why was it anncounced that 
Mr Stalker was removed from 
fee RUC inquiry before fee 
complaint yud him hud been 
investigated and presumably. 
Irrespective of the outcome? 
Was not the appointment of Mr 
Sampson both to fee inquiry into 
the conduct of Mr Stalker mid to 
complete fee RUC inquiry 
bound to delay one or the other? 
Mr King: I think the House win 
have confidence that Mr Samp- 
son will pursue this vigorously. 
He had a foil meeting yesterday 
(Wednesday) wife the Chief 
Constable of the RUC at which 
safedactorv Diofiress was made. 

would seriously damage the. 
other BBC Radio services and 
cripple a number of indepen- 
dent radio companies.' 

The majority view was that 
while Radios One and Two 

It was suggested that the 

new privatized radio net- 
works. which could be bought 
by their existing managements 
and workers, would provide a 
“nationwide some 


Vetting of 
and sex 
ruled out 

On censorship, the Peacock 
Committee said that it was 
aware of public concern about 
excesses of violence and sex 
on television. - - • - 

However, pre-broadcasting 
censorship and vetting of any 
kind should be abolished, and 
the “normal laws of the land" 
relating to obscenity and simi- 
lar matters be extended , to 
cover broadcasting. 

At present the Obscene 
Publications Act 1959 does' 
not apply to the broadcast 
media since it is held that 
current regulation, which fee 
committee wants to phaseout, 
achieves a similar purpose. 

“The end of all censorship 
arrangements would be a sign 
that broadcasting had come of 
age. like publishing three cen- 
turies aga 

“Pre-publication censor- 
ship, whether of printed mate- 
rial plays, films, broadcasting ■ 
or other creative activies or 
expressions of opinion, has no . 
place in a free society. • - 
“We would want to advise . 
government and Parliament 
to embark forthwith on a 
phased programme for ending 

On proposals for 24-hour 
television, the committee said . 
that unused night hours 1 1 ■am . 
to 6 am) could be. sold and 
used to transmit programmes 
for video recording, to pro- 
vide some of the benefits of 
additional channels. 

The BBC and .Independent 
Broadcasting Authority would 
have first claim orn these 
wavelengths, but only for- 
special occasions such as J 

The- committee, said., there 
was a case for establishing, a. 
common authority in. fee 
1990s to take over the trans- 
mission responsibilities of 
both the BBC and fee IBA and 
lo link up. satellite and other 

Members of tire committee, 
apart from Professor Alan 
Peacock, the chairman, who is 
research professor in public 
finance, Esmee Ftirbaira Re- 
search Centre, Heriot-Watt 
University, Included (above, 
left to right) Mr Jeremy 
Hardie, economist, accountant 

and businessman, chairman of 
the National Provident Insti- 
tution; Mr Samuel Brittan, 
principal economic commenta- 
tor and assistant editor .of die 
Fi na n ci al Tunes; Sir Peter 
Reynolds, CBE, chairman of 
Rank Hovis McDougall; Lord 
Quinton, president of Trinity 

CoRege, Oxford,' chairman . 
the British Library; JV 
Alastair HetheringtoiC i 
search professor of - med 
studies. University of Stirlin 
The seventh committee fees 
ber was Miss Judith Cha 
mers, television and fed 
presenter and travel jb&riut&s 

° 41 lp 



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Licen ce f ee indexed • Tender on ITV franchises • Industry reaction 


A brave new world envisaged for BBC 


should 5615 *9 ld “-.rented in the UK 

■^Si^jSS^MsS*" d,rcC ‘ SUbscript]on 

advert^ St !8 uId not ^ obliged to accept 
Md SioS " ^ Present system of organization 

^Oflj? be indexed on an annual 
oasis to ^ general rate of inflation. 

4. The BBC should take over from the Pn«t fiffree 

SSSSSSf^^ SPSgft ^jfiSBU 

™ e licence fee of not less than £10 should Mwsioiw within the Pea- 

be charged for car radios. cock Committee on some of its 

6. Pensioners drawing suonlementarv n«i«An in ^ recomroendations were re- 
households whnllv Iementai > r Piston m fleeted m am open exchange of 

exemDt fromfffi^^ odent on a pension should be views at a press conference 
7 Thf» RRT^if fe \ • yesterday in the Long Gallery 

j. '• irf should have the option to privatize Ra- of Lancaster House, 

aios une and Two and local radio. IBA regulation of Hetberiogtoo, 

independent radio should be replaced by a looser a fonner Controller of BBC 
regime. Scotland, described proposals 

.T*° should be pnvatized and “daft and damaging", 
nnancea by advertising. Subject to the Government's He was later chided by his 

of views 


«f#*t ■■■* wiv .v if ; 

% >.U- 

auvciusuig. ouojeci to tne government s 
existing commitments to community radio, any 
nirtner radio frequencies becoming available should 
be auctioned to the highest bidder. 

8. The BBC and ITV should be required over 10 
years to increase to at least 40 per cent the proportion 
of programmes supplied by independent producers. 

_^*fh® non-occupied night-time hours ( lam to 6am) 
of the TV wavelengths of BBC and ITV should be sold 
for broadcasting. 

10. ITV franchises should be put to competitive 
lender. If the IBA does not award a franchise to the 
highest .bidder, it must make a foil and public 
statement of its reasons. 

11. Franchises should be awarded on a rolling 
renew basis. There would be a formal IBA annual re- 
view of the contractor’s performance. 

12. Consideration should be given to extending the 
franchise periods, perhaps to 10 years. 

13. Franchises for satellite broadcasting should be 
put to competitive tender. 

14. Channel Four should be given the option of sell- 
ing its own advertising time, and would no longer be 
funded by ITV subscriptions. 

15. National telecommunication systems should be 
allowed to act as common carriers for a foil range of 
services, including TV programmes. 

16. The restriction of cable franchises to European 
Community operators should be removed. 

17. All restrictions for both pay-per-channel and 
pay-per-programme as options should be removed. 

18. As regulation is phased out, statutory legislation 
on obscenity, defamation, blasphemy, sedition and 
similar matters should be extended to cover 
broadcasting and any present exemptions should be 

“daft and damaging*. 

He was later chided by his 
I co-panellist Mr Jeremy 
Hardie, an economist, for 
“again contradicting your own 
view” in an exchange on the 
future of public service 

The six of the seven mem- 
bers of the Committee who 
attended the conference also 
gave widely varying predic- 
tions of whal the BBC would 
look like in the twenty-first 

#This report cannot be shelved because it 
raises issues that go for beyond the 
immediate interests of ibis Government# 

— Professor Alan Peacock ! 

Report cf the Committee on Financing the BBC (Stationery 
Office. £10.80) ■ 

Mr Hetherington reserved 
his sharpest criticism for the 
recommendation on BBC Ra- 
dios One and Two by five 
members of the Committee: 
“Nobody 1ms thought oat ex- 
actly what would be sold. Yon 
can’t sell Jimmy Yonng even if 
yoa wanted to.” 

He was supported by Miss 
Judith Chalmers, the TV and 
radio presenter, who said that 
sel l ing the two radios would 
weaken the BBC radio net- 
work as a whole and threaten 
independent local radios al- 
ready hi financial difficulties. 

Mr Hetherington also took 
issue with the recommenda- 
tion by four members that all 
ITV franchises should be auc- 
tioned to the highest bidder “I 
think it is unworkable, be- 
cause it would be difficult to 
j choose between a company 
! with a long and good record of 
programming aim one with no 
track record in television but 
plenty of money. 

“It wonld also be extremely 
difficult for the IBA to enforce 
minimum requirements on a 
contractor.” . 

Chi this occasion he was 
opposed by Mr Samnel 
Brittan, Assistant Editor of 
the Financial Times , who said 

Industry fears 
too fast a rush 
into radical 

By Gavin Bell, Arts Correspondent 

Professor Alan Peacock, who chaired the inquiry, with Judith Chalmers, a member of the 
committee, at Lancaster House yesterday after publication (Photograph: Bill Warhurst). 

that be was strongly in favour 
of selling the franchises. 

“The byzantine process by 
which the IBA go info a huddle 
and decide that company X 
should be given the franchise 
is indefensible. It embodies 
everything I dislike about 
British corporatism, the cosy 
face-to-face establishment do- 
ing tilings by nods and winks 
rather than by due process.” 

For good measure, Mr 
Brittan added: “The present 
cosy IBA system is the root of 
cost inflation in 

Mr Hetfaeringfoo apparent- 
ly agreed with Professor Pea- 
cock, the chairman, on the 
recommendation that both 
BBC and ITV should be 
required to take at least 
40 per cent of their pro- 
grammes from independent 

Responding to a suggestion 
from a television correspon- 
dent that there may not be 
sufficient quality production 
from independent sources, and 
that enforcing such a proposal 

coaid lead to redundancies, 
Mr Peacock said: “At least 
you should be encouraging 
entry into the programme 
market. The BBC says the 
quality of the independent 
producers is not good enough. 
1 believe it is up to the viewers 
to deckle.” 

Mr Hetherington added: “If 
it leads to redundancies, that 
might not be a bad thing. I 
think it’s a very good stimulus 
for better programme making 
and greater efficiency.” 

Differences of view emerged 
again in response to a question 
on the long-term future of the 
BBC. Everybody was quite 
dear that this was not at all 
dear — accurate predictions 
were impossible. 

Mr Hardie saw the' corp- 
oration's share of the overall 
television market shrinking 
considerably, but it would 
continue to maintain high 
quality standards. 

Mr Hetherington said that 
he believed the BBC would 
become the biggest single 
provider of televison pro- 

grammes in Britain, although 
it wonld “have to tidy itself np 
if it wants to survive.” 

Miss Chalmers said h 
should be In a strong position 
in the twenty-first century; Mr 
Brittan believed it would have 
more freedom and flexibility, 
but Lord Quinton, the Presi- 
dent of Trinity College, Ox- 
ford, saw it foensing on public 
service broadcasting. 

Professor Peacock took a 
middle view, saying: “The 
BBC has a marvellous oppor- 
tunity to do tilings they're 
good at” 

In spite of the apparent 
differences of opinion, the 
Committee yesterday (minus 

Sir Peter Reynolds, a business 
executive, who sent his apolo- 
gies) agreed that its report 
shonld be taken seriously by 
the Government. 

Professor Peacock said: 
“My conviction is that this 
report cannot be shelved, in 
the sense that the issoes 50 for 
beyond the immediate inter- 
ests of this Government.” 







Proposal would limit choice Cost - quality conflict 

To prepare for subscription 
services in a world of “televi- 
sion without frontiers”, all 
new television sets should 
have a special socket and as- 
sociated electronics. 

Some 18 per cent of sets 
now being sold in the United 
Kingdom already have them. 
The cost is estimated at £25, 
but viewers would also need a 
decoder to plug into the socket 
and this was likely to cost a 
further £50. 

Subscription would eventu- 
ally replace the licence fee as 
the main source of BBC in- 
come — an estimated 75 to 80 
per cent of viewers are expect- 
ed to make the switch - while 
ITV would continue to de- 
pend on advertising. 

However, if it wished to do 
so. the BBC could finance 
some of its operations by 
advertising and the ITV com- 
panies could sell some of their 
programmes by subscription. 

Advertisements should not 
be introduced into the BBC 
because it would not benefit 
viewers or listeners, the Com- 
mittee concluded. 

In spite of an estimated 
growth in future advertising 
revenues, the move was reject- 
ed because it would diminish 

difficult for them to meet IBA 

“The result could be an 
inadequate supply of prog- 
rammes . . . which do not 
achieve top audience ratings.” 

One consequence of not 
introducing advertising to 
BBC Television was that a 

the satisfaction and range of projected growth in advertis- 

ed system will lead to pro- 
gramme diversity only to the 
extent that different advertis- 
ers are willing to pay to 
associate their messages with 
different programmes . . . 

The commercial viability of 
a programme in such a system 
depended upon it command- 

choice available to viewers 
and listeners. 

“The main defect of a 
system based on -advertising 
finance is that channel owners 
do not sell programmes to 
audiences, but audiences to 

ing revenue in real terms 
would provide additional fi- 
nance for cable and satellite 

An apparent attraction of 
advertising finance for the 
BBC, compared with the li- 

ing large audiences to attract 

advertisers,” the Committee cence fee, was the superficial 


“The difference between the 

impression that it provided 
“free” broadcasting services. 

two concepts would narrow if But there was no longera “free 
there were a sufficiently large lunch” in broadcasting 

number of channels without 
concentration of ownership 
... but these conditions do 
not prevail and are unlikely to 
for some time.” 

The volume of advertising 
would rise if h were extended 
to the BBC, but, paradoxical- 
ly, elasticity of demand could 
lead to an actual decline in 

The Committee said that advertising expenditure. 

advertising would drive the in debating whether adver- 

BBCintoaratingswarandput rising would benefit viewers 

financial pressure 

and listeners, the committee 

companies, making it more said; “An advertising-support- 


For example, a station 
could be forced to broadcast a 
comedy programme with 10 
million viewers at the expense 
of an arts programme that had 
only 6 million viewers. Nev- 
ertheless, some keen arts en- 
thusiasts might be prepared to 
pay considerably more for 
their programme than others 
for the comedy show. 

“The proposition illustrated 
by this example is that an 
advertising-supported system 
aims 10 maximize advertising 
revenues, so that the pro- 
grammes which are presented 
would not necessarily reflect 
true viewer preferences as 
given by their willingness to 

This was the most conten- 
tious issue facing the Commit- 
tee. Four of its members 
recommended that they be put 
on the market, on the grounds 
that the present discretionary 
allocation by the Independent 
Broadcasting Authority did 
not offer sufficient incentive 
to economize on costs. 

The IBA could award a 
contract to a lower bidder if it 
believed it to be offering better 
value for money in public 
service terms, but it would 
have to make a public’ and 
detailed statement of its rea- 
sons, it was suggested. 

Three members feared that 

the cure would be worse than 
the disease. The Committee 
said that the proposal required 
further discussion. 

It would be very concerned 
if the quality of service were to 
be reduced, and would still 
expert the IBA to lay down 
minimum criteria. 

There was no dissent on a 
supplementary proposal for ! 
annual reviews to be based on 
a soccer-style “yellow card” 
and “red card” system. The 
first would warn a contractor 
that the required standards 
were not being met, and the 
second, a year later, would 
entail loss of the franchise 

The broadcasting industry 
reacted with varying degrees 
of caution and hostility to the 
Peacock Committee's vision 
of a radically new world of 
radio and television. 

Diplomatic statements 
from the BBC and the Inde- 
pendent Broadcasting Author- 
ity welcomed its conclusion 
that the Corporation should 
not be obliged to accept 

However Mr Stuart Young, 
Chairman of the BBC, and Mr 
Alasdair Milne, its Director- 
General, expressed, respec- 
tively, reservations about 
suggestions for increasing the 
licence fee and concern about 
the dangers of an “over- 
eagerness” to sweep away 
existing regulations. 

The IBA reserved judge- 
ment on the report’s other 
main recommendations — 
notably for putting up inde- 
pendent TV franchises for 
auction — but Mr David 
Plowright, Chairman of the 
ITV Companies Association, 
denounced that proposal. 

Mr Young recalled that the 
BBC had been pressing for 
easier ways of paying the 
licence fee, and he was pleased 
that the Committee had taken 
up that theme. 

“I am also glad to see that it 
proposes that the BBC will 
have direct involvement in 
collecting the licence fee- We 
do not. however, believe the 
Retail Price Index is the 
appropriate indicator of those 
costs, but we shall continue to 
help in the search for a 
workable formula.” 

Car radio fee 

Mr Milne was convinced 
that the licence fee system 
remained the best method of 
funding the Corporation for 
the foreseeable future: “We 
shall now begin to work out 
what we can offer the public 
during the next licence fee 
period, from April 1988.” 

The BBC would also be 
discussing with the Home 
Office the Peacock suggestions 
on car radio licences, a higher 
fee for black and white view- 
ing. and on relief for the 

Mr Milne was less enthusi- 
astic about the recommenda- 
tion that the BBC and ITV 
should be required to accept at 
least 40 per cent of pro- 
grammes from independent 

“The independent sector is 
growing and will continue to 
grow with our active support. 
However, much programme 
making, for example, news, 
current affairs and sport, is 
unlikely ever to lend itself to 
this type of production. As an 
overall figure, therefore, 
40 per cent seems unrealisti- 
cally high,” he said. 

He was not impressed with 
the Committee’s split vote in 
favour of selling off BBC 
Radios One and Two: “It 
remains our policy to try to 
offer an effective range of 
programmes to all sections of 

the public. We believe, there- 
fore. that Radio One and Two 

to a share of the BBC licence 
fee as do the listeners to 
Radios Three and Four.” 

He welcomed the an- * 
nouncement that Mr Douglas - 
Hurd, the Home Secretary, is . 
10 produce a Green Paper on 
all radio issues. 

Mr Milne reserved his i 
sharpest criticism for the : 
Committee’s broad strategy of ■ 

step-by-step deregulation. 

“All of us are in favour 01 
more programme choice for 
ihe public. Nevertheless there 
is the clear danger of an over- 
eagerness to deregulate, and to 
dismantle existing structures. 

“If the reliable supply of 
good programmes is jeopar- 
dized. we all run the risk of 
being deprived as viewers and 
listeners of what we enjoy and 
appreciate — in effect having 
less real choice, not more, and 
probably at higher cost.” 

Standards fear 

A brief IBA statement said . 
that advertising on BBC Ra- 
dio in its present form would 
seriously damage the viability 
of independent local radio. 
Many of the Committee's 
ideas would have wide-rang- 
ing implications for indepen- 
dent broadcasting, and the 
IBA would make its detailed 
views known when it had fully 
considered the report. 

The Authority’ made no . 
reference to the controversial 
proposal on selling ITV fran- 
chises. but its executives are 
known to oppose the idea. 

Mr Plowright, whose associ- 
ation represents all the ITV 
companies, said: “A majority . 
of the Committee appear to 
have shown scant concern for 
programme standards by ad- 
vancing the notion that ITV , 
contracts should be put up for 
auction. A tendering system 
would lead inexorably to- 
wards a concentration on 
profit performance rather 
than programme 


The result would be fewer 
programmes from regional 
centres, fewer information 
and education programmes, 
and an excess of entertain- 
ment shows 

Channel Four call 

Mr Plowright was equally 
opposed to the suggestion that 
Channel Four might sell its 
own advertising: “If Channel 
Four had to accept the costs of 
collecting its own advertising 
revenue and financing its own 
service, the type of pro- 
grammes it offers would 
change towards majority 

“The result would be that 
Channel 4 would mirror ITV 
and BBC-1. There would be 
no widening of choice, simply 
more of the same." 

The proposal to increase 
substantially independent 
production on ITV would 
distort the balance of regional 






Direct broadcasting by sat- 
ellite (DBS), which is favoured 
by the Government, would 
bring an enormous variety of 
programmes from overseas 
into British homes. The cost 
of a dish aerial not more than 
90 cm in diameter would be 
about £200. There are as yet 
no fully operational systems, 
but a number are expected to 
start within the next three 

Transmission — There is a 
case for establishing a com- 
mon authority in the 1990s to 

placed on 

Financial help for 
poor is preferred 

The Committee dismisses 
the prospect of people spend- 
ing most of their time feeing a 
bewildering set of dials, trying 
to make up their minds be- 
tween thousands of alternative 


Instead, it envisages that 

take over the transmission 
responsibilities of the , BBt - 

responsioinura ui ^ 

and lbe IBA and to bak up 

satellite and other services. 

National cable gnd ~ 
present anti-monopoly regula- 

ISTresmct the grow* 

cable viewing and make f « 
relatively expensive, so th^ 

they would simply buy pack- 
ages of programmes or whole 

In tiie background to its 
report, the Committee outlines 
broadcasting systems in North 
America, western Europe and 
jaMuTand makes dear that it 
hopes Britain would not go as 
far as the United States, where 

should be changed to allow only a ^ public service 
British Telecom. sector survives in a commer- 

any other contractors freedom w operation. . ' 
to provide a frill range of Jt ^ admits that many 
television services. fore jgo broadcasting officiate 

RT is replacing trunk and mr8 deeply envious of t m 
tpleohone networks British system, and 

cables, which that nothing should be done to 

The Committee had diffi- 
culty over whether to propose 
any alleviation for pensioners, 
and would prefer cash aid to 
the poot for them to spend as 
they wish. 

Its recommendation that 
elderly people drawing supple- 
mentary pension in house- 
holds wholly dependent on a 
pension should be exempt 
from the licence fee, was made 
on the strict understanding 
that it did not extend to all 

According to the latest sta- 
tistics there are 1.6 million 
people on supplementary pen- 
sions. although not all are 
from households dependent 
on it. 

The allowance for registered 
blind people, who now receive 
a reduction of £1.25. should be 

Radio licence: An undesirable 

Coptic fibre cables, whicn 

ran cany a large number of 
messages simuI ^lf 0 ,n, ! ' ur ?s 


aimpsi no — IjJiiinnal 
allowed to carry addiimn^ 

services. If^^e on' wiich 'others 

ttteV ISSr to start replacing could boUd. It suggests that a 


0P s”X u- resto^nof -eve.opm^ ^ 

ca We franchises to Europe^ sought to ‘get the 

Community-owned operators tbe hoof dot to 

was inhibiting development, 

S3 should be removed. perseeo. 

hasten the break-up of the 
present financial 


The analysis and recom- 
mendations were offered as a 
foundation on which others 
could build. It suggests that a 
Commons select committee 
coaid monitor future 

feature of the present system is a sale. Once merge 
that there is no separate mu st be allowed 
payment for radio, although’ advertising. 

cost of the TV licence, and not 
to increase total revenues. 
Local radio: A number of Bri- 
tain’s 48 independent local 
radios are in financial trouble, 
largely because of increasing 
competition for advertising 
and there are no signs of future 
^improvement. Two have 
dosed in the past two years, 
and others have merged. 

The Committee recom- 
mends that IBA regulation 
should be relaxed, and sug- 
gests that some independent 
radios could merge with BBC 

One approach would be to 
allow the BBC to take over 
ailing ILR stations at a negoti- 
ated price; and the stronger 
ILR stations to buy out any 
radio the-BBC was prepared to 
sell: an added incentive could 
be a retmirement that the BBC 
must onset every purchase by 
a sale. Once merged, stations 
must be allowed to take 

radio accounts for 28 per cent 
of BBC expenditure. The 

In this context, the larger 
ILR companies ought to be 

Committee did not consider it able to own smaller associated 
practical to reinstate the gen- stations which could opt iu. 

eral licence, but it would be 
feasible to do so for car radios. 

To minimize complication 
and evasion, a minimum £10 
licence should be charged on 
all cars fitted for radio, and it 
might be simplest to charge a 
once-oniy fee when the car is 
registered. The proceeds 
should be used to reduce the 

and out of a regional support 

Care should be taken that 
mergers do not destroy local 
services. For example, a sta- 
tion formed by the merger of a 
music-based independent ra- 
dio and a speech-based BBC 
radio should cater for these 
different interests. 

The National Union of 
Journalists dismissed the Pea- 
cock report as “a jumble of 
right-wing prejudices spiced 
with pie-in-the-sky predic- 
tions about the technology of 
the future”. 

Mr Harry Conroy, the Gen- 
eral Secretary, said it had 
felled to answer the challenge 
posed by cable and satellite 
systems, or to ensure that the 
broadcasting industry repre- 
sented viewers and listeners. 
Any sale of BBC Radios 1 and 
2 would mean tbe end of 
commercial local radio. 

It was remarkable, he said, 
that even a “rigged” commit- 
tee, packed with free- 
marketeers and government 
sympathizers, had been un- 
able to meet Mrs Thatcher's 
demand for the licence fee to 
be replaced by advertising, 

“Peacock claims that his 
proposals will put viewers and 
listeners in the driving seat. In 
fact, bis proposals for a com- 
mercial free-for-all, with the 
highest bidder always win- 
ning. would simply put broad- 
casting into the hands of the 
media barons who already 
control so much of the primed 

Mr Alan Sapper, General 
Secretary of the Association of 
Cinematograph and Allied 
Technicians, said there was 
room for improvement in the 
broadcasting system and espe- 
cially for more democratic 

However the proposal 'on 
greater independent produc- 
tion. would threaten up to 
50.000 redundancies in the 
BBC and ITV networks. 

Radio Luxembourg said it 
did not think there was much 
wrong with the BBC that a 
good financial manager could 
not cure, and there was not 
enough wrong with the 
present system to require dra- 
matic change. 


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Chilean military 

down ruthlessly on 
two-day general strike 

From Lake Sagans, Santiago 



Chiles military Govern- 
ment has responded harshly to 
a two-day general strike that 
ended yesterday, and which 
was organized by the National 
Assembly of Civil Society, the 

Son. *"*" 0pPOSllion 

. The Interior Ministry has 
17 of the 22-member 
NACS national council with 
violating state security laws. 

The authorities also banned 
the news broadcasts of four 
radio stations often critical of 
the 13-year-oid military Gov- 
ernrneni. Among them are 
Chile s most popular station. 
Radio Co-operativa. 

Government lawyers said 
they would file charges against 
“some communications me- 
dia and columnists of the 
press who, in some way 
through their articles, called 
on people to participate". 

The two-day work stoppage 
was called by the NACS a 
month ago, after the Govern- 
ment failed io respond to a list 
of demands, which included a 
rapid return to democracy. 

The strike began early on 
Wednesday, with few buses 

From Lake Sagarin, Santiago 

and taxis on the roads, and 
high absenteeism at schools, 
hospitals and in workplaces. 
Most stores did not open, or 
closed early. Santiago was 
virtually deserted by 9 pm. 

Demonstrations at noon in 
Santiago and other big cities 
were harshly repressed by 
police. Military patrols have 
been implicated in the death 
of two people. A third person 
was shot by unidentified 

Witnesses say a soldier shot 
and killed 13-year-old Nadia 
Fuenies when she went out to 
buy bread on Wednesday 

Night after night truckloads 
of troops moved into the vast, 
poor areas that ring Santiago, 
helicopters circled, and the 
sound of gunfire could be 
beard in most parts of the city. 
At least 20 people received 
bullet wounds. 

Two university students are 
in a grave condition, with 
serious bums, after being 
found on an isolated road. 
Senor AndnSs Dominguez, of 
-the Chilean Human Rights 
Commission, said they were 

injured after being arrested by 
a military patrol. 

The Army has denied that 
soldiers deliberately burned 
the students. The government 
has announced an official 

Throughout the two days 
and nights bombs went off in 
Santiago and other cities. On 
Wednesday night there was a 
blackout in much of the 
country after power lines were 

The NACS president. Dr 
Juan Luis Gonzalez, deplored 
the use of violence to repress 
peaceful demonstrations. 

He called on security forces 
to end the “fratricidal con- 
frontation which is decimat- 
ing our people". 

The strike had been success- 
ful beyond the organizers’ 
hopes and “this must increase 
our faith in our legitimate 
right' to continue”. 

• HAMBURG: Chilean ex- 
iles here invaded the Chilean 
consulate-general for two 
hours in protest at the militaiy 
regime (Reuter reports). 

on summit 
by Reagan 

From Mohsm All 

President Reagan has said 
. that correspondence with Mr 
■ Mikhail Gorbachov, the Sovi- 
» et leader, makes him oplimis- 
; 'lie that they will hold a 
• summit meeting this year. 
The President in an inter- 
view yesterday in USA Today* 
made dear that no dale had 
been set so far. 

He said he was preparing a 
1 reply to Mr Gorbachov’s 
“worthwhile” letter to him 
: last week, m which the Soviet 
leader made additional pro- 
j>osa]s not only on arms 
control but on . regional con- 
. flicts, human rights and 

The President observing 
that this had “opened addi- 
tional doors”, said: “Jtmakes 
jne optimistic that we’re not 
only going to have a summit 
but that we're going to have a 
summit where we can reach 
agreement on some of the 
goals we share ..." 

He added .that “now we 
have reason to believe a 
meeting is possible" between 
Mr George Shultz and Mr 
Eduard Shevardnadze, the US 
and Soviet Foreign Ministers, 
to prepare for a summit 

Weizsacker in 
twin city 
of Cardiff 

President Richard von 
Weizsacker of West Germany 
yesterday visited Cardiff, 
which is twinned with his 
home city of Stuttgart (Patri- 
cia Gough writes). 

He met representatives of 
26 Welsh towns twinned with 
West German towns and visit- 
ed St David's Hall to see a 
stained, glass screen presented 
to Cardiff by the citizens of 
Stuttgart, • , - 

Back -in London, the Presi- 
dent later played host to die 
Queen and the Duke of Edin- 
burgh at a banquet in the West 
German Ambassador’s resi- 
dence. Today he begins two 
days of unofficial engage- 

Lebanese unite to 
condemn misery 

From Robert Fisk, Beirut 

The gunman in jeans and and broadcast a short idea ti- 

biae denim jacket stood in the 
middle of Hamra Street yes- 
terday, just outside the Leba- 
nese Minis toy of Information. 

The soldiers beside him 
were Lebanese. But he was a 
Syrian, a tail, bored security 
policeman with a bushy mous- 
tache and an automatic rifle 
dang ling nonchalantly from 
his right hand, moving from 
car to car like a tired golfer 
walking the fairway. 

Each driver was ordered to 
open the boot of his vehicle. 
Each did as he was told. Every 
morning paper had talked 
about security, and yesterday 
morning the Syrians were very 
definitely In charge. 

Aimost 100 Lebanese have 
been arrested over the past 
three days for carrying weap- 
ons. Nearly every militia office 

cal statement that called upon 
the people to protest “against 
war and famine”. It was an 
extraordinary, unprecedented 
event in Lebanon. 

Even the Christian Voice of 
Lebanon radio station — that 
island of Christian individual- 
ism amid the sea of Islam (for 
so it would wish to be seen) — 
called mi citizens to return 
their country to health and to 
“its leading role in the Arab 
and international family”. 

Could it work, this new 
unity and demonstration of 
protest? Inflation is now run- 
ning at about 20 per cent a 
month. More to the point, for 
the militia, is the rising cost of 

A year ago, a single ballet 
for an automatic rifle cost 25 
pus, iveany evary mtuna wiice piasters . Now (j, e price has 
m the western, Muslim, sector - mmUUm , 

target with rounds from a new 

of the dty has been “visited’ 
by the Syrian Muhaharat 
(security service). 

“They tinned up like we 
expected.” ■ a middle-aged 
Druze official said. “They 
found some old socks and 
some shoes in my office. We 
are obeying the roles.” 

Or so it seemed. In west 
Beirut - in fact, in all Lebanon 
save Israel’s occupation zone 
in the south — the population 
had gone on strike throughout 
the day in protest at their own 
domestic war and at their 
personal poverty, brought 
about by the very same inter- 
nal conflict which they had so 
long bewailed yet tolerated. 

For the first time in years, 
Christians and Muslims 
joined in condemning the mis- 
ery of their broken country. 

Even the rival militia radio 
stations, more used to abasing 
each other than speaking with 
a single voice, cancelled their 
programmes for 20 minutes 

ammunition clip costs around 
125 Lebanese pounds (£2)l 

The Syrians, who are 
pleased at the general strike, 
would like to make it so. 
Perhaps that is the plan. 
Bread has risen 150 per cent in 
two months. 

In a two-hour journey 
around west Beirut yesterday, 
it seemed that even this notori- 
ously anarchic sector of the 
Lebanese capita] had fallen 
under the spelL The shops 
were dosed, the Lebanese 
Army was on the streets — 
accompanied, of course, by 
those Syrian gunmen - and 
even the Palestinian camps 
remained silent. 

A sale of rather stale vegeta- 
bles beside the Sabra camp 
ami in the Shia district of 
Basta, were the only evidence 
of strike breaking, a lack of 
solidarity easily explainable 
amid the fear of hunger. 

Afghan defector ‘in Europe’ 

Islamabad - The Pakistan But Afghan diplomats said 

the lack of more positive 
information about ibe depar- 
ture of Mr Rahyab with his 
wife and infant daughter, and 
their present whereabouts, 
proved that he had not defect- 
ed but had been kidnapped. 

Foreign Office said that Mr 
Baz Mohammad Rahyab, 
Afghanistan's acting Consul- 
General in Karachi who re- 
portedly defected last month, 
had left for a European capital 
(Hasan Akhtar writes). 

Canberra reeling from economic blows 

Hawke begins to lose his touch 

Tnnv DnhAodiii. Melbourne 

From Tony Duboudin, Melbourne 

n,„ Hawke magic appears a crucial time. The strike was 
i.. amnnmir woes over a number of claims by 

the dockers, the key one being 
a demand that employers 
should pay an extra 3 per cent 
into the union’s superannua- 
tion fund as part of a produc- 
tivity agreement 
The industrial uncertainty, 
plus the Government’s an- 
nouncement that some ex- 

I ne -ti 

be fading as economic woes 
el the Australian Govern- 
nt and the Prime Minister s 
pularity takes a plunge; 
rhe Government has fallen 
tim to a number of outside 
tors beyond its control, 
nefy -failing world prices mi- 
nerals, the US dispute with 
EEC over farm prices, in 
ich Australia is caught in 
■ firing line between two 
momic giants, and mdusin- 
unrest. which has Jed to 

certainty a mon & 

iiors about the country s 
ure direction. . . , 

rhe world slump m mineral 
„ means, for example, 
ii a state like Western 

strait which M**®; 
mt 20 per cent of aus- 
lia's mineral export m- 
ne. faces a drop m royalty 
/merits on exports of 1 7 per 

rhe US agricultural subsidy 

liev is also having a 

»ci on Australian farmers 
e cconomy- Mr. John 
' MiSistcr for Pmnw 
told officials m 

points since its high of 1 ,246.9 
on May 7 this year. 

The Australian dollar 
dropped to 65.5 cents against 
the US dollar and to about 42p 
against the pound on local 
foreign exchange markets on 
Wednesday, and the slide 
continued yesterday. 

As the budget deficit heads 
- • r ** ftAA million, com- 
ihe target of I 

Mr Hawke: opinion poll 
says be could lose power. 

for SA6.000 

pared with me uu^ci ui 
SA4.919 million, and the bal- 
ance of payments deficit con- 
tinues to grow, the Govern- 
ment is being called on to 
present a “horror" budget 

Canberra has already im- 
posed a freeze on numbers in 
the public service, and is 
reviewing functions and staff- 
ing levels. The tax on employ- 
ee fringe benefits, introduced 
on Tuesday, has cost the 
Government popularity with 
the business community. 

Mr Hawke’s troubles were 
capped by a Morgan Gallup 
Poll published in The Bulletin 
magazine, which indicated 
that the state of the economy 
has caused a swing big enough 
to unseat the Government 

TL- — .n T a 

eruptions to the 10 per cent 
in....*.-- --—.i g i n withholding tax on overseas 
W' Tuesday that borrowings would be scrappy 

agion on n™ j _ meaning that investors who 

S policy ^ liable wiU now 

lian have to pay - led 10 A 

h^ e past°fow days the onVoMhe National winy coalition wim 

ionomic outlook has defines in the a popularity rating of 47 per 

^rer bated by a nation- ^re index - cent, would have won power. 

EtoToOO dockers. All Ordinary snarei^ M r Hawke’s personal popu- 
J^ged yesterday to .re- -3.6 points. PJ al tw 

I U 1 IK 41 Uit. UU«CllUliniU 

The poll, done on June 21- 
22, showed that support for 
the Government had dropped 
to 46 per cenL Had an election 
been held then, the Liberal- 
National Party coalition, with 

n ralmn /il" A * 7 am - 

Women guerrillas training this week at a communist camp on the Philippines island of Samar, despite preparations for 
ceasefire talks between rebel leaders and the Aquino Government to end 17 years of insurgency. 

by bishop 

• Colombo (Reuter) — A Sri 
Lankan Roman Catholic bish- 
op has accused the Govern- 
ment of pursuing a policy of 
annihilating Tamils in rebel 

Mgr Bastianpillai 
Dcogupillai, Bishop of Jaffna, 
said government attacks 
against guerrillas fighting for a 
separate Tamil state in north- 
ern and eastern Sri Lanka had 
killed hundreds of civilians 
and left thousands homeless. 

Mgr Deogupillai, a Tamil, 
has been a critic of govern- 
ment anti-insurgency opera- 
tions. His remarks were made 
in a speech, excerpts from 
which were published yester- 
day in the independent daily 
The island. 

The military’s Joint Opera- 
tions Command denied the 
bishop's charges . 


Bomb blast in Cape Town 

From Michael Hornsby 

South Africa yesterday suf- 
fered its 11th urban bomb 
incident since the state of 
emergency was declared on 
June 12. Three people have 
been killed and 101 injured in 
these attacks, most of them 

Meanwhile, the police an- 
nounced that they had arrest- 
ed four suspected members of 
the outlawed African National 
Congress (ANC) near Pretoria 
yesterday. The men were being 
questioned about an attack on 
the home of a black policeman 
on June 11 and a landmine 
explosion on June 26. 

The latest explosion oc- 
curred outside a police station 
in Mowbray, a white suburb of 
Cape Town, yesterday morn- 
ing. A white policeman. Con- 
stable Andries Thompson, and 
a young policewoman, also 
white, whose name has not yet 
been disclosed, were injured. 

The Government's Bureau 

Trade squeeze 

Importers and exporters in 
Finland will have io apply for 
a special licence to trade with 
South Africa from July 15 (AP 
reports from Helsinki). 

for Information in Pretoria, 
the only source of official news 
on the incident, described their 
injuries as “slight” 

On the economic front the 
South African Finance Minis- 
ter, Mr Barend du Plessis, has 
confirmed that Pretoria 
“would have (o consider not 
repaying its international 
loans if the country were to be 
placed in an intolerable 
situation” by sanctions. 

Mr du Plessis's statement 
was intended to calm the 
alarm caused among foreign 
bankers by remarks made to 
the House of Commons For- 
eign Affairs Committee last 
Tuesday by Dr Denis WorraU, 
the South African Ambassa- 

dor to Britain. In fact, it 
merely re-stated Dr Worrell's 
comments in more diplomatic 

“I do not say it wiU happen, 
but if there were sanctions on 
the scale indicated by the 
(Commonwealth) Eminent 
Persons Group, then Sonth 
Africa certainly wonld consid- 
er not repaying its internation- 
al loans. All Mexico and a few 
others need is a precedent and 
it wonld bring down the whole 
Western financial system,” Dr 
Worrell was quoted here as 
telling the committee. 

Mr dn Plessis said that Dr 
Worrell had not been making 
a threat of retaliation but had 
merely pointed out that a 
country “prevented from ex- 
porting will obviously not be 
able to earn foreign exchange 
required for meeting its other 
financial commitments”. 

Up to now, be added. South 
Africa had “scrofpnlonsly com- 
plied with all the obligations” 
it had accepted 





Brussels (Reuter) — Most 
Europeans back the plan for a 
Channel tunnel linking Brit- 
ain and France, but not the 
British, according to an opin- 
ion poll published yesterday 
by the EECs executive 

The poll, conducted in 12 
member states, showed thal 
58 per cent of those inter- 
viewed were in favour. The 
majority in favour in France 
was 64 per cent, with 6 per 
cent against. Britons divided 
46 per cent to 31 per cent 

Two detained 

A Madrid magistrate inves- 
tigating the bomb attack a 
week ago on an El Al flight at 
Barajas Airport here ordered a 
Palestinian and a Spaniard to 
be held incommunicado until 
further notice yesterday. 

90 % inflation 

Belgrade (AP) -The annual 
inflation rate in Yugoslavia 
has passed the 90 per cent 

Killer bolt 

Zamboanga City, Philip- 
pines (AP) - A lightning bolt 
killed six people and wounded 
15 others in a farming village 
in southern Zamboanga del 
Sur province, police said. 

Pilots fired 

Buenos Aires (Reuter) - 
Pilots striking over pay and 
conditions shut down the state 
airline Aerolineas Argentina 
for the second day. The com- 
pany responded by firing 45 
pilots, bringing total dismiss- 
als to 118, company sources 
said. ___ 


The number of US states with 
statutes outlawing sodomy is 24 
plus the District of Columbia, 
and not more than 30 as stated 
on Tuesday. 




& f 

""•xii £ "Tjk" 




It’s a lovely word, browse. 

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on a cross channel feuy. 

Endless (as in queue), aching (as in feet) and chocka (as 
in block) spring more readily to mind. 

Unless, that is, you’ve been lucky enough to have 
sailed with Sealink recently from Dover to Calais. 

For our ships on this route, the St Christopher and 
St Anselm, have had their duty free areas completely re-built 

They're now four rimes as big. 

They carry a far wider range of goods. 

And because they’ve been designed along the lines of 
first class department store, shopping is a positive pleasure. 

A duty free from hassle and haste in fact 

These aren't the only changes you’ll notice, either: 
Since Sealink became a private company, we’ve spent a lot < 
money re-building and refurbishing our ships. 

And a lot of time re-training our crews. 

Because without their goodwill, we can hardly exj 
yours. And without yours, we really would be sunk. 

For more information, contact your travel agent 

01-I348122. s&njNK%m& 


I " 





if i* ii* 



Concessions expected in 
Poland as Jaruzelski 
bolsters party position 

The Polish leader. General 
Wojciech Jaruzelski, has 
emerged from this week's 
Communist Party congress 
more firmly in control of the 
party and, now that he has 
earned explicit Kremlin ap- 
proval. may well make a 
number of important conces- 
sions to the people and the 
Roman Catholic Church. 

That is the view of 
Jaruzelski supporters and, 
even if one discounts a ten- 
dency to overrate the general, 
it appears to be an accurate 

The results of the Central 
Committee balloting on Wed- 
nesday night were still secret 
yesterday, but party leaks 
indicated that the complection 
of the new body was more 
obviously in the Jaruzelski 
image: skilled workers, man- 
agers, academic economists, 
professional party organizers, 
military and police candidates 
were all on the way up. 

The Politburo line-up will 
lose such figures as the rela- 
tively liberal sociologist. Mr 
Hieronim Kubiak. and will 
probably see the Interior Min- 
ister. General Czeslaw 
Kiszczak — a close ally of 
General Jaruzelski — move up 
from alternate to full Politbu- 
ro membership. 

The question of how to 
restore faith in the Commu- 
nist Party was reduced at the 
congress to the question of 
how to achieve better econom- 
ic results for the country. 

A successful economy and 
better living standards will 
give strength to the debilitated 
party: that is the diagnosis of 
the Jaruzelski loyalists, and it 
was never seriously doubted 
during the congress debates. 

There was no hardline chal- 

From Roger Boyes, Warsaw 

lenge to the general though 
there were predictable attacks 
on private business — because 
his managers had anticipated 
all lines of criticism. 

Church-state relations had 
been more or less on ice in the 
months preceding the con- 
gress. so hardliners could not 
criticize him for being soft on 

The general himself led the 
criticism of the economy, and 
in so doing stole the clothes of 
his dogmatic opponents. 

He was tough on the West. 

General Jaruzelski: a lot 
of room for manoeuvre. 

and the recent weeks of publi- 
cized police successes — the 
arresL for example, of the 
Solidarity leader, Mr Zbig- 
niew Bujak — have shown that 
he is not neglecting law and 

Mr Mikhail Gorbachov's 
flattery of General Jaruzelski 
— sharp political vision, cour- 
age and so on — made it quite 
clear that the Soviet Union is 
not cultivating a rival. But this 
statement of trust also trans- 
fers some responsibility on to 
the shoulders of the current 
party leadership. 

It is no longer enough, say 
the more active reformers, to 
justify timidity in political or 
economic reform by pointing 
eastwards and explaining that 
Moscow might disapprove. 
The general nas more room 
for manoeuvre than at any 
time since becoming party 
chief in October 1981. 

The first step has already 
been announced: political pri- 
soners will be freed under an 
amnesty, perhaps this month, 
perhaps later in the summer. 

Solidarity says there are 
more than 300 political pris- 
oners. Officials put the figure 
lower, but say all but about 20 
will be freed. The problem 
comes with how to follow up 
the amnesty. 

There will certainly be bar- 
gaining with the Catholic 
Church as the preparations for 
the Pope's visit next year 
accelerate. Lay Catholics may 
receive a new publishing 
house; the long-awaited agri- 
cultural fund for private farm- 
ers may be approved 

Critics of General Jaruzelski 
say that, although he has more 
freedom of initiative now than 
at any time in five years, he 
shows no real signs of wanting 
to capitalize on it. 

The rising stars of the new 
Central Committee are above 
all technocrats, men who can 
bring the party up to date on 
the economy. 

It was a well-disciplined 
congress, with none of the see- 
saw debates of the last one, in 
1981, when Solidarity was 
pumping ozone into the sys- 
tem. The products of the 
congress, the new leaders of 1 
Communist Poland are simi- 
larly restrained cautious men, ; 
elected in a cautious age. 

A woman trying on the jeans she bought from a vending machine in a 
Paris underground station. The machine delivers jeans in 10 sizes. 

Norway calls 
a halt to 
whale hunts 

Oslo (Reuter) - Norway, bowing to interna- 
tional pressure, announced yesterday that 
will halt commercial whaling from next year. 

The Foreign Minister, Mr Knot Frydenlund 
said whaling would be scaled down from the 
end of the current season. Norway. wou“ 
continue catching whales for scientific 

P °Nor«iv is the last member of the Interra-- 
tional Whaling Commission to agree to stop 
whaling. Iceland, Japan, the Sonet Union and 
South Korea still hunt the mammals brat nave 

agreed in principle to stop. . 

A spokesman for the environmental group 
Greenpeace, which has been trying to disrupt 
whaling off northern Norway, said by, radio 
from the protest ship Moby Dickr^This is a 
great victory for environmentalists. 

He said the ship would give up its four-week- 
old protest and return to Oslo. It has been ar- 
rested three times for entering Norwegian 
waters illegally. . , . . 

Although Norway has scaled down its 
annual quota of Miuke whales to 400 this year 
from almost 2,000 in the early 1980s, tbe 
industry has been a severe embarrassment for 
the new Labour Government of Mrs ,Gro 
Harlem Brand dand, who heads a UN environ- 
mental commission. . 

Norway had resisted all efforts to persuade it 
to halt Minke whaling, rejecting arguments 
that whales were in danger of extinction. 

The Government say’s It will set up an 
independent study group to examine differing 
claims by scientists on Minke stocks. 

Government sources said the United States 
bad threatened to block all Norwegian 
fisheries imports — worth 1-2 billion kroner 
(£103 million) a year — unless Oslo, halted 

Russians put Chernobyl death toll at 27 

Geneva (AFP) — A total of 
27 people died in the 
Chernobyl disaster, 187 are 
undergoing medical treat- 
ment. and 100,000 were evac- 
uated from around the plant, 
the Soviet delegation chief, Mr 
Viktor Issraelyan, told the UN 
Disarmament Conference 
here yesterday. 

He said a big radiation 
monitoring operation was still 

under way around the crippled 
reactor, wrecked by an explo- 
sion on April 25. 

Despite an improvement in 
the situation, life would not 
return to normal for some 
time in part of the contami- 
nated zone. The 100,000 peo- 
ple were evacuated from a 20 - 
mile radius round the plant in 
the Ukraine. 

Radioactivity levels were 

being checked by 200 fixed 
and a dozen mobile monitor- 
ing stations, and by aircraft 
with measuring instruments. 

Water samples were taken 
every hour from open reser- 
voirs and rivers, and 800 
laboratories were analysing 
radioactivity levels in the 

At the conference Mr 
Issraelyan also called on na- 

sures to deter nuclear terror- 
ism. saying that Chernobyl 
showed how dangerous such 
terrorism would be. 

• NEW YORK: five of 13 
Chernobyl victims who re- 
ceived bone-marrow trans- 
plants were still alive and were 
likely to survive. Dr Robert 
Gale, the California doctor 
who assisted Soviet physicians 
with the operations, said (AP 

_ - 

Iraqi jets 
knock out 
radio links 
in Iran 

Nicosia (AP) - Iraqi planes 
knocked out Iran's telecom- 
munications centre, cutting its 
links with the rest of the 
world, as heavy fighting coif, 
tinued for a fourth. day, re- 
ports from the two countries 
said. . “ 

An Iraqi war communique 
broadcast yesterday by state 
radio in Baghdad said the Air 
Force carried out 150 sorties 
against vital Iranian instal- 

The radio quoted a military 
spokesman as saying Iran's 
Asadabad telecommunication 
centre. 137 miles from the 
border, was on fire on Wetfc 
nesday evening. 

The strikes had inflicted 
"massive losses on- the 
enemy", but the spokesman 
gave no details on the other 
targets. He said all Iraqi planes 
returned safely. 

Iran said its infantry units 
staged widespread mopping^ 
up operations in and around 
Mehran. the border city recap, 
tuned bv Iran in its offensive 
launched on Monday night. 

Us state radio did not repon 
any disruption in telecom- 
munications. Cyprus telecom- 
munications said all links with 
Tehran were cut late . oh 
Wednesday night Some links, 
however, appeared to have 
been restored yesterday. . 

The raids came as lran waS 
using the .Asadabad centre to 
trumpet its victory over Iraq 
at Mehran. The Iranians 
claimed to have killed or 
wounded up to 2*500 Iraqi? 
and captured more than 1,000 
in the onslaught. Mehran i? 
seen as a vital launching pad 
for any Iranian push to Bagh- 
dad across semi-desert. ^ 
Iraq claimed on Wednesday 
that its forces brought down 
two Iranian warplanes; one m 
a dogfight over Mehran and 

To; Dept FS9, Abbey National Building Society, FREEPOST, 201 Grafton Gate East. MILTON KEYNES | 

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£ to be invested m a Five Star Account at my/our laa] branch in I 

JETease send fall details and an application card. ] 

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I We understand that the interest wffl be credited annually on 1st September to this account. i 

Full namete) Mr-Mis/Misa. - ■ - i 

Addres s . - — , 






The interest rates on Abbey National's 
Five Star Account start high and rise 
automatically the more you invest - right 
up to our top rate of 7.75% . 


You get Five Star interest on all 
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access is instant. You can 
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Abbey National branch with no loss of 
interest, no penalty charges and no notice. 
If your money now earns less, move it 
up to Five Star interest at any 
Abbey National office. Or post 
the coupon. 

Kyprianou cuts 
short Paris visit 

From Diana Geddes, Paras 

President Kyprianou of Cy- 
prus cat short his three*day 
official visit to France yester- 
day to fly home after describ- 
ing the visit by the Tarkish 
Prime Minister to the Turk- 
ish-occupied north of the is- 
land as a “provocation”. 

In talks with President 
Mitterrand, Mr Kyprianou 
said that the situation in 
Cyprus was deteriorating and 
that the attempted mediation 
by the United Nations Secre- 
tary-General had fallen Into 
an “impasse.” 

He also explored tbe possi- 
bilities of Cyprus becoming an 
I associate member of tbe Euro- 
I pea n Community. 

Later, when he met M 
| Jacques Chirac, the French 
Prime Minister sought to reas- 
i sure the Greek Cypriot leader 
that the recent marked rap- 
prochement between his con- 
! servative Government and 
Turkey “in no way alters 
France's support for, and in- 
terest in. the settlement of the 
Cypriot question”. 

France, he said, was ready 
to provide “friendly aid” to try 
to help resolve the problems of 

Cyprus. However, France 
wanted a solution which was 
“acceptable to all and in 
conformity with the principles 
of human rights and the rigid 
of peoples to decide their own 
fate,” be insisted. 

M Chirac greatly infuriated 
Athens in May, when he 
appeared to put Greece and 
Turkey on the same footing;; 

The French Socialists had 
always shown a mar ked cool- 
ness towards Turkey. 

• ATHENS: Greece hi* 
asked Britain, current presi- 
dent of the EEC, to consider 
the cancellation of the EEC* 
Turkey Association Cmmdl 
meeting doe on September 16, 
as a token of the EECs 
disapproval of Mr Ozal’s visit 
to northern Cyprus (Mario 
Modiano writes). 

The request was made yes- 
terday by . Mr Theodoras 
Pan gal os, the Greek Minister 
of State, to Mr Jeremy Thom- 
as, the British Ambassador in 
Athens. He asked for a British 
condemnation of- Mr OzaTs 
visit, which he described as “a 
threat to peace.* 

Lawyers march against 
Ozal’s Cyprus trip 


Nicosia (AP) — Scores of 
Greek Cypriot lawyers pushed 
past United Nations peace- 
keeping troops here yesterday, 
to march into the “no man’s 
land" that divides Nicosia. 

They delivered a protest 
against the visit to northern 
Cyprus by the Turkish Prime 
Minister. Mr Turgut Ozal. 

Later the UN peace-keeping 
troops dismantled the barri- 
cade they had erected to keep 
angry Greek demonstrators 
i away from the “no man's 
I land". 

More than 400 black-robed 
lawyers, including Mr Demet- 
rios Liveras. the Justice Min- 
ister. took pan in the 
demonstration on the second 
day of Mr Ozal's visit to the 
breakaway Turkish Cypriot 
state in the Turkish-occupied 
north of the island. 

After a brief scuffle with 
several blue-bereted Canadian 
UN soldiers, the lawyers 

Distant quasar 
widens known 
limits of space 

Pasadena, California (AP) 
— Tbe most distant object 
observed in the nniverse has 
been identified by astronomers 
as a quasar so far away from 
Earth that its visible light was 
produced 12 billion years ago, 

1 researchers say. 

Discovery ®f tbe quasar, a 
mysterious star-like 73 
billion trillion miles from 
Earth, raised the possibility 
that even more distant quasars 
may exist at the fringe of the 
! cosmos. 

Quasars, first discovered in 
1963, are mysterious objects 
that appear in the sky as star- 
1 like masses but seem to gener- 
1 ate more energy than jqq 
billion stars. There are about 
1 3300 known quasars. 

In one hour, some quasars 
[spew energy equal to the 
I amount generated during the 
I Son's entire lifetime. 

broke through the cordon. 
They advanced within 100 
yards of Turkish troops man- 
ning the “green line 7 '- - that 
divides Nicosia. 

When their .progress, was 
blocked by a UN armoured 
personnel carrier, the lawyers 
delivered a written protea to a 
UN officer. 

It condemned what it called 
“the illegal visit qf the Turkish 
Prime Minister, Mr Ozal; to 
the pan of the territory.of the 
Republic of Cyprus which -is 
under tbe control- of : the 
occupation forces of Turkey-” 
• Ozal talks: The Turkish 
Prime Minister held ‘talks 
yesterday on a' plan. to boost 
the economy of tbe breakaway 

territory (Reuter reports). - . 

Mr Ozal and Mr Dervfe- 
Eroglu. the Prime Minister of 
the “Turkish Republic : 6 f 
Northern Cyprus”, looked at 
ways Turkey might. help ib 
encourage trade and tourism. 

Aquino to visit 
in September 

By Our Foreign Staff ~ 

Manila (UPl) .-. President 
Corazon Aquino has accepted 
an invitation from President 
Reagan to visit the United 
States, the Philippines; irffor- 
mation Minister, MrTeodoro 
Locsm, said yesterday, '5Be 
was tentatively scheduled to 
amve in Washington oh Sep- 
tember 17. 

In a television interytew 
Mrs Aquino said that during 
her visit she would seek “more 
assistance” from the United 
Slates and more liberal terms 
from creditor banks. • ■, 
Meanwhile, a Philippines 
supreme Court panel yeaer-. 
oay rejected an appeal' lb. ‘ 
summon ex-Presidehi Marti#- 

irom exile to answer c har ges- 
that he whitewashed . the tnri 
ot people accused - o£thev 
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Pope works a Colombian miracle 

Prom Geoffrey Matthew, 

“JhS«, POpe _ COnt inued his 
“pngnmage for peace" j„ 
• Colombia yesterday by .w 
S? to uSn J i 

giiqnmqmm xo pay homaS 

' ofthe v2 

'■^ve^ C0l0 H re ^Sd 

■ pra ^ of > 

. visH itself ft,, 

: MlebmoL When he began wf 
seven-day tour on Tuesday, he 

5| ? a country both 
.-apprehensive for his safety 

•^ a Sf iei * ^ escalating 
etvfil conflict B 

-"4-^*5 fr° m the moment he 
lassed the ground at Bogota 
■- “port after the 1 1-hour flight 

- Rome, be showed him- 
. L seif in command of a poten- 
tially sensitive situatioa His 

; nuraanity. good humour and 
wrrea Spanish quickly, won 
the hearts of Colombians. 
•.He has surprised many by 
' his detailed knowledge ofthe 
: nation’s history, and pleased 
. Colombians with his tributes 
to their “seat culture", fre- 

- fluently referring to Bogota's 
. long tradition as a centre of 

- academic learning. 

- Church leaders have been 
surprised by the size and 

; fervour of the crowds lining 
: the routes taken by the 
Popemobile. It is estimated 
■ that 700.000 packed the Si- 
mon Bolivar Park here on 
Wednesday when he celebrat- 
ed a “Mass for peace" 

.The Pope's pronounce- 
. ments during the service may 
well prove the most important 
of his visit. It was, it is 
generally agreed, a magisterial 
performance, but observers 
are divided over what may 
prove to be. the long-term 
impact of bis impassioned 
■• appeal to the nation's guerril- 
las to abandon the armed 

.. v. His visit has boosted the 
standing of President Betan- 
cur. whose four-year term 
ends in a few weeks. 

Protest in 
take oath 

Peking woos both 
East and West 

From A Correspondent, Peking 

From Ahmed Fazl 

People reaching out to touch the Pope as be made his way to a meeting in Bogota with bishops and educationists. 

Without referring directly to 
Senor Betancur's repeated at- 
tempts to make peace, the 
Pope has on several occasions 
spoken of “generous initia- 
tives aimed at fostering dia- 
logue and concord towards 
acbieving'a stable peace”. 

Papal pleas for an end to 
political violence have been 
heard before in neighbouring 
Peru and Central America, not 
to mention Northern Ireland, 
without any apparent effect. 

Most observers doubt that 
the belligerent and increasing- 
ly incoherent April 19 Move- 
ment (M19), which turned 
down Senor Betancur's peace 
offer, will respond positively, 
although one said: “While 
M 1 9 guerrillas themselves will 
remain intransigent, the 
Pope's appeal could have the 
effect of curbing recruitment 
to their ranks.” 

In time it may also prove 

that the Pope helped to main- 
tain the fragile ceasefire made 
by the Betancur administra- 
tion with the biggest guerrilla 
group, the Moscow-/ine Revo- 
lutionary Armed Forces of 
Colombia, whjch the in-com- 
ing government of Senor 
Virgilio Barco Vargas will 
inherit on August 7. 

The Pope has also empha- 
sized the need for social 
reform and redistribution of 
national wealth, a point he 
again made when he met 
Senor Barco, who has prom- 
ised to try to undercut the 
guerrillas by building on an 
improving economic situation. 

Today the Pope is to visit 
the port of Tumaco, the city of 
Popayan. famous for its Span- 
ish Colonial churches and 
monasteries, which were dev- 
astated by an earthquake three 
years ago. 

Spending spree, page 12 

The Japanese elections Cst^lftD 

Spell of the kingmaker bank trial 
still holds its magic misfires 

From David Watts. Nagaoka 

* There are.none of.his post- 
ers on die streets, hot no one 
: needs reminding that Mr 
Kaknei Tanaka is naming 
again in the general election* 
despite a stroke that has left 
; him: barely able to speak. 

: And no one doubts that he . 
will be returned to the Wet 
once again, probably topping 
; the poll on Jnly 6 by a 
comfortable margin — 39 years 
after he entered politics. 

- But the feeling that a politi- 
- cal era is coming to an end is 

palpable in all electoral dis- 
tricts of Niigata prefecture 
except Mr Tanaka's own, 
centred on Nagaoka. 

There win not be the record 
220,761 voters that turned out 
for him in 1983, shortly after a 
conviction — now under appeal 

- for accepting 500 million 
yen (£2 million) from the 
Lockheed corporation to help 
them sell Tristars to a Japa- 
nese airline. But the Tanaka 
phenomenon has not died 
away completely just because 
the scion of the movement is 
confined to his borne in Tokyo. 

The “kingmaker” aged 68, 
arguably the most powerful 
postwar Japanese politician, 
has - not set foot in Niigata 
prefecture since his stroke in 
-February 1985, but the Social- 
ist Party, the only one potting 
op a serious c h all enge to Mr 
Tanaka, now run ning as an 
independent, wffl be more than 
happy if it can hold on to the 
four seats it won in the Lower 
House polls of 1983. • 

. Even with a discredited 
former boss of the Liberal 
Democrats as its mam oppo- 
nent the Socialists do mj 
expect to make headway, such 
is the power of the ruling 

^The prefecture, on the Sea 
of Japan coast is not called 
the backside of Japan for 
nothing, ft was nndmdmg- 

oped through an inhospitable 

climate and its distance fro® 
die centre of political power. 

Mr Tanaka changed not 
only the political nwp of 
Niigata but that of J . a £“V 
St trains speed 
from Tokyo to two hotas^® 
expressway also tanks it with 
the capital, both courtesy of 
^ Tanaka, whose vi^nary 

development plans for the 

archipelago would have re- 
lieved some of the -population 
pressure on Tokyo by maktag 
Saces like Nugatt , more «- 

SasiWe ^ 

businesses. He attracted raw 

political funds and dispensed 
. them in equal volume. 

To many, Mr Tanaka is 
little less than a god. Mr 
Kanzichi Kohayashi has a 
shrine dedicated to the former 
Prime Minister outside his 
house, where he prays twice a 
day.. From the Kohayashi 
household, on Mr Tanaka's 
behalf, is run the kind of 
support group crucial for any 
Japanese politician. 

“We Ye hoping to match the 
record level of the last 
election," said Mr Kohayashi 
a squat, pugnacious man of 66, 
“but it might drop a little. 
People know what he has in 
mind and that he wants to 
finish what he wants to do.” 

The Socialist Party is less 
charitable about an incapaci- 
tated politician running for 
office: "It’s an insult to the 
voters.” But ask them bow 

From Richard Wigg 

Spain's Director of Public 
Prosecutions, Senor Luis Bur- 
on Barba, has had to come to 
the assistance of two young 
members- of his .Barcelona 
staff who have decided to seek 
the trial on embezzlement 

charges of Senor Jordi Pujol, 

1 the Chief Minister of Catalo- 
i nia, together with 17 former 
j senior executives of the Banca 
, Catalan a. 

Legal investigations into the 
1 affairs of the bonk, which bad 
; to be rescued from collapse by 
j the Spanish state in 1982, 
have dragged on for more than 
two years amid widespread 
i expressions of sympathy for 
the Chief Minister as an 
I alleged victim of the Socialist 
Government in Madrid. 

Amid the negative reac- 
tions, the decision to go for 
prosecution has provoked Sts 
nor Oscar Alzaga, a Christian 
Democrat opposition leader, 
into directly accusing the So- 
cialists yesterday of a “deep- 
laid political scheme to send 
the Chief Minister to jaiL” 

If the case comes to trial, 
and this has still to be decided 
by Barcelona's highest court, it 
would be the first involving 
the Chief Minister of any 
autonomous region since 
Spain's devolution process 

Mr Tanaka: from runner 
without campaigning 

they will counteract the Liber- 
al Democrats* dose linkage 
with business, with the atten- 
dant ability to bring In jobs, 
and local campaign officials 
scratch their heads and say: 
-It’s difficult” . 

The Socialists have httle m 
tile way of a policy in Nagao- 
ka, except criticizing the rul- 
ing party. Local voters are 
aware of this deficiency: "No 
matter how much they shout, 
they can't build a bridge, a 
voter in Niigata said. The 
Liberal Democrats can: one of 
Mr Tanaka’s bridge projects 
is well under way. _ 

But there is no denying tne 
beginning of the end: Nngata 
prefecture lost two seats to a 
recent redistribution to redress 
the voter imbalance between 
rural and urban areas. The 
loss is something that Mr 
Tanaka would never have 
allowed, had he been active. 

Sector Pujol, aged 55, who 
leads a centre-right nationalist 
government and whose party 
increased its representation by 
50 per cent in the Madrid 
Parliament in last month's 
general election, will have to 
consider' stepping down, at 
least temporarily, if the court 
decides he must stand trial. 

Senor Burtin, taking full 
personal responsibility for the 
prosecution moves, admitted, 
however, that he bad delayed 
the announcement so that it 
should not coincide with last 
month's general election. 

One of the Chief Minister’s 
fellow accused has publicly 
attacked the two young magis- 
trates as “anti -Catalans and 
Communists who are seeking 
to destroy the Chief Minister". 

Critics of the Socialists con- 
trast the severity shown 
towardsthose responsible for 
the collapse of the Catalan 
bank with the marked lack of 
proceedings against officials 
linked xo other Spanish banks 
- numbering about 50 — 
which also gql into difficulties 
at the end of the Franco boom 

Jakarta slows 

down drive for 


Ariane inquiry fails to 
pinpoint crash cause 

Jakart? " 


Xava and Bali on other islands 
because of budget cuts. 

Indonesian plans to jT^S 
' 750,000 families on lemwjjjj 

including Kata" de Tby 
neo) have been brandedjjy 
Western human 
. ecology groups as the 
. col<wSation_prc^amme m. 

pans (Reuter) - The inde- 
oendent commission lnvesti- 
I gating the May 30 crashofa 
I European Anane - rocket 
with a £30 million telecom' 

I munieations satellite on board 
has failed to pmpoinr ihe 
I precise cause of the accident. 

I Arianespace said. 

While confirming that * 

oroblem with the ignition of 

5he third-stage engines caused 
Se crash, the commission 
Sfd no fault had been found 
531“ thg woinp S 

components, nor with the 
propulsive system. 

It recommended that the 
ignition system on the third- 
stage motor should be made 
more powerful and thoroughly 
toted before any further 
launch attempt was made. 

The crash, which came less 
than eight months after a 
similar Ariane crash, threw 
the West's satellite launch 
capability into disarray, fol- 
lowing the grounding of the 
t IS, shuttle progr am me. 

Cuba may accept 
unwanted exiles 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

The United States and Cuba 
are to reopen talks on return- 
ing X700 criminals and men- 
ial patients to Havana from 
prisons and medical facilities 
in Florida. 

The so-called “excludables” 
arc the unwelcome elements 
of 125.000 Cubans who ar- 
rived in the US in the Mariel 
boat lift in 1980. most of 
whom have integrated into 
American life. 

An agreement for their re- 
turn was suspended by Presi- 
dent Castro, the Cuban leader, 
after the US began broadcasts 
to Cuba by Radio Marti, a 

propaganda station run by the 
Voice of America. The State 
Department confirmed yester- 
day that talks to reactive the 
agreement would begin in 
Mexico City next week. 

Cuba reportedly decided it 
was in its interests to revive 
the accord to improve rela- 
tions with Washington, and 
also with the population in 
Cuba who resented the cut-off 
in travel between the two 
countries since the agreement 
was suspended. 

Under the accord the Cu- 
bans were to take 100 to 150 
“excludables" a month. 

Some 5,000 people shouted 
"Down with martial law” and 
"Long live democracy” in the 
Bangladeshi Parliament here 
yesterday as % deputies, led 
by the Opposition leader. 
Sheikh Hasina Waxed* took 
the oath as newly-elected 

Sheikh Hasina, leader of 
the Awami League, the largest 
opposition group in the House, 
told the slogan-chanting crowd 
which had forced its way into 
the bnilding that, although 
opposition members had taken 
their oath, they would boycott 
Parliament to protest against 
martial law. 

She accused President Er- 
shad of breaking his pledge to ! 
Lift martial law, as Parliament , 
began its inangoral session- j 
General Ershad summoned | 
the new Parliament for Jnly 10 
bnt said martial law would 
continue until the elections. 

Sheikh Hasina announced 
that there would be protest 
rallies on July 10. 

• Tribal killings: Twelve peo- 
ple were lolled in a spate of 
attacks by "Shanti Bahiui” j 
tribal insurgents fighting for a 
separate homeland in Bang- 
ladesh's south-eastern Chitta- j 
gong Hfil Tracts district, I 
Interior Ministry officials said 
yesterday. I 

The guerrillas raided two 
Bengali villages in the Man- 
ikch&ri district gunning down 
settlers and setting houses 

Local commanders report- 
ing from the Regional Army 
Headquarters in the town of 
Rangamati, about 280 miles 
from Dhaka, said that the 
separatists, who were armed 
with automatic weapons, left 
the villages after a dash with 
security forces. 

The authorities said the 
guerrillas had earlier blown up 
a road bridge. 

China's Vice-Premier, Mr 
Li Peng, laid great emphasis 
on economic and technical 
ties between Western Europe 
and China in a meeting .with 
M Jacques Delors, president 
of the EEC Commission. 

"The European Communi- 
ty is a strong economic and 
political entity whose unity 
will play an important role in 
safeguarding world peace,” 
Mr Li told M Delors on 

In the past two months 
China has tried hard to woo 
countries in both East and 
West Europe in an apparent 
attempt to forge an indepen- 
dent foreign policy. 

Officials are also worried by 
what they see as a lagging rate 
of foreign investment in Chi- 
na, according to ’ diplomats 
and businessmen id Peking. 

Mr Li put three proposi- 
tions to M Delors: Western 
Europe should import more 
Chinese goods; its industrial 
countries should provide 
loans to China on favourable 
terms; and its industrialists 
should set up enterprises in 
China that could be run 
independently or jointly. 

China would provide more 
favourable conditions for 

joint-venture companies and 
guarantee - a “reasonable 
profit'* for foreign investors. 

Peking is also concerned to 
establish independent diplo- 
matic, commercial and Com- 
munist Party lies “with 
Warsaw Pact countries, the 
Foreign Ministry indicated. 

A spokesman, Mr -Yu 
Zhizong, said on Wednesday: 
"We are very happy that "!? 
recent years political, econom- 
ic and trade relations between 
China and Eastern Europe 
have developed rapidly. On 
our pan there exist no differ- 
ences between China and 
Eastern Europe.” 

Mr Yu’s statement came 
just a few days after Frau 
Margot Hotiecker, wife ofthe 
East German leader, met-Mr 
Hu Yaobang, the Chinese 
Communist Party’s Secretary- 
General, in Peking. 

Earlier, the Deputy Foreign 
Minister, Mr Qian Qichen, 
bad told foreign journalists 
that Sino-Soviet relations had 
reached a standstill. 

A delegation headed by Mr 
Zhao Zivang, the Prime Mitt: 
ister, left on Tuesday for a 
nine-day tour of Romania. 
Yugoslavia, Greece, Spain, 
Turkey and Tunis. 

Egypt rethinks Suez 
ban on nuclear ships 

From A Correspondent, Cairo 

Egypt is studying safely Libya, Mr Mubarak approved j 
ocedures to allow nuclear- an American request for the « 

procedures to allow nuclear- an American request for the s 
powered ships to use the Suez Enterprise to sail through the [ 
canal. President Mubarak canal into the Mediterranean, » 
said yesterday. against the advice of the Suez 

said yesterday. against the ad vie 

The announcement, in an Canal Authority, 
•interview with Al-Ahram 
newspaper, appeared to be in However, the i 

newspaper, appeared to be in However, the Pentagon an* J 
response to criticism from nounced this week that the ■. 
Washington that Egypt had ship and two escort vessels ■ 
refused to allow the nuclear would be returning to the t 
carrier Enterprise to use the Indian Ocean via the Cape * 
canal on its way back to the because of "Egyptian id* j 
Indian Ocean. decision" over a request tomse 1 

After April's US air raids on the canal a second time. 

A Ford Sierra. 

A fortnight for two in the Caribbean. 

A weekend for two in Paris, A Champagne Celebration Pack. 

Some of the things you 

could pick up on 

a Ferguson this siunm 

If ever you needed an excuse to 
splash out on a new colour TV or video 
recorder, this summer provides plenty. 

Apart from a certain Royal event in 
July, there’s the Commonwealth Games, 
the British Open and Test Cricket to 
name but four. And we can add one more: 
The Ferguson Summer Celebration 
It gives you the chance to win some 
of the smashing prizes above 

And every entrant will get a free 
copy of a Royal Wedding Souvenir 
brochure, worth £1.95 in the shops. 

Anyone buying a Ferguson audio, 
television or video product costing 
£20 or more can enter So pop down to 
your local showroom now* 

One way or the other, a Ferguson 
could give you plenty to celebrate this 


No-one is mote switched on.. 


Year 1970 
4 approx 




im Abduf-Sayeh 

n rf/ 



f Mycertnus 

Brian Redhead; embarking on a 
Biblical Odyssey 


2 Major 







Jordan Bureau. An Oko 
S aonwood Dross ubte. 3 
si and many others. 

1 — Carpels and Russ: fine S«k Hereto, fine S* taWyn. Silfc Oum. 1 9t h & Caucaaim. Sadde Bags, 


Kefims. Bokhara and othsr pwcas ot excspaanal 


Hampstead Auction Rooms 

ON: SUN 6th July 7pm 
Viewing from 12 noon day of sale 


New Hackwood Hotel 
122/124 Wkbnore Road 
DN: FRI 4th July 7pm 
Viewing from 6pm day of sale 

UJCTIQNEERS NOTE: Owng to the urgency of isaSsing kmwdiflie cash, these Hams an being offered under 
mstrucoons to ensure complete disposal. 


ialfington Grange Ltd, 28 Rossfyn HR, Hampstead NWS. Tel: 01-794 5912 




From diamond 
to square 

In the days when cricket was a 
back page sport rather than a front 
page soap opera, the yonng 
Frederic Raphael (right), freshly 
rescoed from the perils of 
baseball, discovered a real home 
base at the crease. He emerged 
“the next best thing to a gentleman’ 

£20,000 to be won 

Can you always get your copy of The Times? 

Dear Newsagent please deliver/save me a copy of The Times 




1 Madhouse.(6) 

5 Drowsy (61 

8 Poetic Tale (3) 

9 Private Lives play- 
wright (6) 

10 Take m (6) 

11 Carriage houses (4) 

12 Oddments (8) 

M Delicate (6) 

17 Wisp (6) 

19 Small car (8) 

22 Rage (4) 

24 In place (2 4) 

25 Live in (6) 

26 Underhand (?) 

27 Drastic (6) 

28 Undertone (6) 

Z Call up fit 

3 Link (7) 

4 Shyness (7) 

5 Passenger chair (5) 

6 Keen (5) 

SOLUTIONS TO NO 992 • • ’ ’ 

9 Ere 10 Dissenter li Omm 13 Re. 
fresh 16 Deprave !9Label 22Sonwotem 24 Lot SSS^tre^is 

DOWN: 1 Shield 2 Apiece. 3 Academia 4 Dosser -SEdoe & j 

7 Back gate (7) 

13 Insecticide (1. 1.1) 

15 Graduates (7) 

16 Old boat (3) 

17 Put on paper (3.4) 

18 Sunnybrook farm 

heroine (7) 

20 .Aniseed (5} ■ . 

21 Immature ovum C5t 

» Subject ( 5 ) 

****** SL 



Rise of the insatiable mega-city 

Grapiac: Bawd Han/Ph ot ogr a ph : Robert fish 

New York and London nsed to 
vie for the title of the world's 
largest city. Not any more. They 
now look up to a new first 
division of Mexico City, already 
housing 18 million people; Sao 
Paulo, likely to have 24 million 
inhabitants by the end of the centnry, and Tokyo, 17.1 
million. And by then Calcutta, Bombay and Cairo will 
have joined the mega-cities with their critical 
problems of housing, services and jobs. As people 
abandon rnral poverty for the cities, governments face 
the impossible job of feeding their metropolitan 
populations. The insatiable mega-city will swallow 
millions of acres of agricultural land. In Egypt, the 
equivalent of the land fertilized by the Aswan Dam has 
now been lost to the urban growth of Cairo. 

Modern Cairo: hovels on top of shacks on top of tenements 

The world’s largest cities by year 2000 

In millions 



Year 1986 SOmWon 
2.000 70 rnSHon 
2,015 lOOmSBon 

Each day 3,623 babtes are bom 

One baby is bom every 
23.8 saoonde 

11965 12 
2000 132 

Year 1970 92 
E — -1985 18.1 
9 2000 263 

1970 &2 
198S 15.9 
2000 24 

1970 14J 
1985 172 

1970 7.1 
1985 11 
2000 16 

1970 S9 

1985 10.1 


1970 1&3 

1985 15.3 

2000 155 

New York 

1970 5.4 
1985 102 


2000 13J 

1970 11.4 
1985- 11J 

2000 13£ 


1970 72 
1985 104 
2000 13,3 
1970 &5 

Rio de Janeiro 

1985 109 
2000 122 

1970 106 
1985 9^ 

2000 No projected 

■Population soused wtti panning of saMacMs 
Sources: EsJtaatos and crcfecMns of Urtan. Hwa) nd CSqr PopubUoni fSSUUIZSr 
tha 1962 AssosamantUMOd Malians. New Y*fc and Egyptian Bntossy, London 


bdul-Rahim Abdul- 
Sayeh lives with 25 
dead men and 17 
, dead women. He 
says this with a sort 
of affirmative nod, as if daring 
us to disagree. He seifs son 
drinks from a battered ice-tub 
outside the flaking walls of an 
Ottoman mausoleum. He has 
lived in the cemetery all his 

1 Behind him. in street after 
sweltering street, between 
graves and mosques of 
mourning and beside sar- 
cophagi of white marble, live 
the people of the City of the 
Dead — three million of them, 
if conservative estimates are 
to be believed — a whole 
community, perhaps a fifth of 
Cairo's entire population, who 
have sought sanctuary from 
homelessness by cohabiting 
with the dead. 

.They eat in the little rooms 
reserved for prayer and sit in 
the cool of the evening below 
tablets which record the pass- 
ing of Cairo’s former, but 
infinitely wealthier, inhabit- 
ants. Around the cemetery of 
Mukater alone, there are three 
primary schools for the chil- 
dren of the City of the Dead. 

In the hot afiemoons. when 

even the dusk acquires a 
distinct, fetid smell, they can 
be found on the doorsteps. 
Some of the men work as 
drivers or soldiers or garbage 
collectors. A whole communi- 
ty specializes in the recycling 
of rubbish, brought to its 
shanty town on the railway 
tracks below the Mokkatam 
hills by 10-year-old scaven- 
gers, who carl their broken 
metal, old wheels and offal up 
from the muck of the city 
centre in wagons. 

“Yes, you can come in", 
Zakkiyeh Mohamed says with 
domestic politeness, and she 
pulls aside a tattered curtain to 
lead us into her little tomb. It 
is not her tomb, of course. The 
grave in the back garden is 
clearly marked “General Abd- 
ul Rahmeh Beik Fahmi. Died 
1928.” It is a fancy affair, with 
an inscription in classical 
arabic and a military coat of 

“We live here. What else 
can we do?" she asks. “My 
neighbours and I — we came 
from Beni Sueff 40 years ago. 
We have nowhere else to live. 
We are better off than those 
who live in the centre of the 

Is she? Sultan Ahmed 


Yon cannot find a map of all 
Cairo these days. The dty is 
simply growing too fast for die 
cartographers. Even the mod- 
ern maps show fields where 
there are now tenements, ca- 
nals which have long ago 
turned into open sewers, ceme- 
teries which now contain more 
living inhabitants than dead. 

At Giza, new housing now 
runs almost up to the plateau 
of the Great Pyramids. In 
many inner dty slams, the 
poor often do not know their 
exact address. The old centre 
of Cairo is surrounded by a 

thick belt of poverty. The 
tenements of Imbaba on the 
west bank of the Nile eventual- 
ly face the square miles of 
misery in Chobra and Bolaq 
and the big rail yards behind 
Ramses Street station. To tbe 
east lies the City of the Dead, 
the acres of Mameluke tombs 
in which, so recent estimates 
suggest there live more than 
three mDlion of Cairo's poor. 

The few oases left in this 
desert are confined to the rich 
or to the foreign residents of 
the rity that once called itself 
“Mother of the Earth". 

Mabrouk used to be a 
gravedigger in the cemetery. 
“We deep with the dead", he 
says.“There is no fear. But the 
government does nothing for 
us." He is an old. old man — “I 
am 75 or 80. 1 think", he says 
— and be falls half asleep as he 
talks, almost one with those 
who lie beneath the floor ofhis 
house. From the crumbling 
mosque outside Sultan 
Ahmed's funerial home, you 
can just make out the smog 
above Chobra and Bulaq- It 

takes three quarters of an hour 
to negotiate the traffic jams 
down to the Nile, through 
streets of dilapidated tene- 
ments. A boy of perhaps eight 
whips two donkeys hauling a 
wooden cart of trash up to the 
Mokkatam hills. I try to take a 
photograph of him and a 
policeman runs up. “Go away 
— you are not allowed to to do 
this", he screams. “Go and 
take pictures of the pyramids. 
You have other things to do.’’ 

Below the broken Turkish 

aqueduct a fruit market is 
wedged between piles of gar- 
bage. “No pictures", an urchin 
shrieks when he catches sight 
of my camera. In an alleyway 
of hovels, each built atop the 
other, the shattered balconies 
draped with old washing, a 
man cries out “Why do you 
look at us? Who are you? Are 
you a spy?" There can be no 
dignity amid this squalor. 

Chobra stretches for miles 
up across the rail tracks and 
over the groaning iron bridge 
across the Nile, where old men 
sleep beside the fuming buses, 
where the dust settles on your 
perspiration until you find 
your body enveloped in a kind 
of grey, greasy film. But the 
worst is at Bulaq. Bulaq is not 
its real name. Years ago, the 
French residents of Cairo built 
their gracious mansions here, 
on the very edge of the Nile. 
They called the place “Beau 
Lac" and the breeze of the 
river cooled their spacious 
rooms at night 

But the Nile slunk away 
westwards, leaving only a 
swamp for the poor to live in 
around the abandoned man- 
sions. The houses were re- 
placed by cheap tenements 
and the poorest of the poor 

built homes on top of the 
tenements. Their children 
built shacks on top of the 
homes on top of the tene- 
ments. Then their children, in 
turn, built hovds on top of the 
shacks on top of the homes on 
top of the tenements. 

B ulaq expanded up- 
wards as well as 
sideways, a contu- 
sion behind the new 
comicbe where tour- 
ists in the Ramses Hilton 
Hotel have no conception of 
the endurance that goes on a 
few yards from their air- 
conditioned rooms. All bed- 
rooms face west, towards the 
Nile and the ferule island of 
Gezira. Sometimes, across 
Cairo, the tenements simply 
collapse under the weight, 
burying their occupants in 
ancient lift shafts, stone and 
muck. The Egyptian papers 
routinely call these events 
“tragedies”, reporting them 
like some natural phenome- 
non, an earthquake or an act 

The statistics are as awe- 
some as the slums. A national 
population of 51 million, a 
new baby every 24.4 seconds, 
a city that may have at least J 4 

million people living in it 
clinging to the wiry river and 
its waterways; more than 99 
per cent of the population of 
Egypt lives in only 4 per cent 
of the total area of the country, 
living off the fertility of the 
Nile, yet daily cutting into its 
day to make bricks for houses 
for more people who need 
more food. 

Now the World Bank and 
International Monetary Fund 
want to call in their loans; they 
want President Mubarak to 
withdraw subsidies on basic 
foodstuffs. Foreign capital is 
drying up in Egypt as surely as 

— does Mubarak realize this? 

— the patience of Cairo's poor, 

“Not long ago, I went 
around the rity and saw 
something 1 had never seen 
before.” The speaker is 
Mohamed Heikal, the Egyp- 
tian writer and journalist 
whose expansive, eloquent as- 
sessments are perhaps too 
often sought out by foreign 
journalists. But he is not 
expansive now. He has been 
doing a little street reporting 
of his own. trying to find out 
why the Egyptian security 
police rioted earlier this year. 

“I found something 

extraordinary", he says. “I 
came across a whole series of 
cancerous, new communities 
around the rity. 200 commu- 
nities that no one has regis- 
tered, in places that weren’t 
even on the map. How many, 
people live .in Cairo novtfT 
How many will live here in the 
year 2000? Twenty-three mil- 
lion? Twenty-five million? 

“There will be a thousandof 
these cancerous, unknown: 
communities then, surround- 
ing and preying on tbe jungle 
of the old rity. For all God 
knows, the rest of Cairo will 
collapse into rubble ..." 

Cairo, of course, will not 
disappear from the map. even 
if it redefines our notion of a 
“city" It may become a place 
from which people ultimately 
flee. Yet m Egypt there is 
nowhere for them to go. : 

An American aid official 
put it grimly enough a couple 
-of months ago: “You think: 
things can't get worse, but they 
can. And in the end. there will 
be some kind of upheaval 
Maybe the army will hold 
things for a while. Maybe 
religion will sustain the peo- 
ple. But ft’s going to get 

Robert Fisk 

worse . 

6 It’s a cracking tale, but anyone taking the Bible literally needs his head examined’ 

Brian Redhead, tbe soothing morning 
voice of Radio 4's Today programme, has 
just read the Bible from end to end. 
Genesis to Revelation, in a Utde over four 
months, and has derided that its great 
unsung hero is Job. 

“Job is one hell of a bloke". Redhead 
says with enthusiastic imagery rarely 
beard from the more conservative pul- 
pits. “He really has 6ts fist np all the 
time. Bobby Robson should have fielded 
him against Maradona in Mexico." 

Redhead's marathon journey through 
the' smaU print, for which, as a former 
northern editor of The Guardian, be 
trained on 250,000 words* worth of galley 
proofs every week, was an exercise in 
journalism rather than religious faith. 
Tomorrow on Radio 4 he begins a 13-part 
series on the world's enduring best-seller, 
interviewing Christian, Jewish and Is- 
lamic scholars in an effort to explain how 
and why it came to be written, and to pot 
it in some kind of historical context. 

Four years ago his 18-year-old son, 
William, died in a car crash at Arras in 

After four months and almost a hundred scholarly 
interviews, Brian Redhead’s new radio series, 
starting tomorrow, is an impartial look at the Bible 

north-east France, and Redhead has 
since been a regular atteoder and lay 
reader at his local parish church at 
Rainow, near Macclesfield. Embarking 
on a Biblical Odyssey, however, is not he 
insists, any kind of search for personal 
comfort or faith. 

“I regard myself as moderately well 
educated, but 1 realized how ignorant 1 
was about the well-known stories of the 
Bible when we were preparing readings 
for the church. Then I was asked to help 
out with an amateur production of 
Verdi's Nobucco. When I read the 
libretto 1 thought: ‘This story is rubbish; 
it can't be right'. 

u My theory was that everybody at 
some stage says: ‘One day I shall read 
the Bible', and they rarely do. Up to the 

19th century people discussed the Bible 
regularly as part of everyday talk. Now 
we just discuss politics." 

He quotes the 4th century AD writer 
Procopius: “In the days of Byzantium, 
housemaids at tbe races would gossip 
upon the nature of the persons of the 
Trinity.” It seems a tall order to expect 
the same sort of tiling from today's 
housewives in the launderettes. 

Redhead and his BBC producer, 
Frances Gomley, interviewed nearly 100 
scholars, from learned rabbis to a 
professor of Assyriology, leading to 
criticism that the series may be too 
academic. Redhead counters: . “If you 
want to understand the subject, you have 
to go to tbe people who are putting their 
minds to it frill-tune." 

In his first programme, be asks such 
bask journalist's questions as why the 
Bible has survived, and elicits the reply 
from an eminent Glasgow theologian that 
it is tbe only historical document of the 
ancient world that does not speak of a 
struggle between rival gods, but speaks of 
a single deity creating order out of chaos. 

He discovers that the Pentateuch is a 
distillation of several ancient texts, 
w hich appears to explain why there are 
two rival accounts of the Creation in 
Genesis: God creating the Earth in 
Chapter ], and the story of the Garden of 

He also elicits from a Jewish academic 
that the serpent in the Garden is a 
castration symbol, which he and doubt- 
less many of his listeners bad not thought 
about before. 

Redhead has remained entirely im- 
mune to any kind of fundamentalist 
approach to the text: “Anyone who takes 
the Bible literally needs his head 
examined. It's not a map of the journey; 
it's tbe journey itself. 

“But it Is a cracking good tale. As the 
News Of Tbe World nsed to claim: ‘All 
human life is there.' Genesis is tbe book 
that gives the game away, like a whodunit 
telling you the victim and the murderer in 
the first chapter. You learn at the 
beginning that God is not going to desert 

To those who would plead that the 
Bible should not be treated journalistical- 
ly, or as a mere historical tract. Redhead 
says: “You need both faith and under- 
standing, and I don't think you can have 
the former without tbe latter." 

Nevertheless, Redhead conveys a great 
enthusiasm for tbe Bible as a dai-m»rf 
good read, having consumed its every 
word while commuting ou the train 
between Broadcasting House and his 
Macclesfield home: “It's like an amaiwig 
detective story. You occasionally get a bit 
bored with all the begetting, bat it's not 
half as boring as Jeffrey Archer." 

Alan Hamilton 







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Freedom from the 

* was a heroin addict for 
more than a decade. In 
“ose years I thought 
there was hope - that I 
was doomed to die. But 
recovery from the dis- 
«se of drug addiction is 
possible. As for my mis- 
and pain, J found a 
better way to live. This is 

. • thestoiy of howl found 

they ground me down and 
how I began to recover 

Atr only- child bom into a loving 
Sjpj* successful at school I had a good 
hfe. but somehow foiled to come to terms 
with the world's demands. Fantasy and 
isolation were my way of copins with 
Browing up. and learning the ocfmpro! 
n 'o^ 0 | l e ’ >is sadnesses and triumphs. 

when I was 1 6, an older friend offered 
me a shot of heroin. WhenI stuck out my 
forearm for the injection I expected to 
flinch, from the pain_of the needle: 
instead, pleasure flooded through me. 
And there was something else: for the 
nexi few hours I felt a freedom from ail 
my fears, imaginings and worries. life 
seemed a fair challenge. I could handle 
things. I was also groggy and sick, but the 
alarm and self-consciousness that had 
always been with me had vanished. I 
wanted to feel like that forever. 

I started trying other drugs — amphet- 
amines, sleeping piUs and tranquillizers, 
alcohoL cocaine, each with its own 
“high" and each in some way freeing me 
from my problems. Drugs not only gave 
me a uni verse free of difficulty, they also 
provided an identity, something to get 
my teeth into. 

I took drugs through the rest of my 
schooldays and my time at university 
but l kept my habit from my teachers 
and parents because the drugs I took 
were illegal, because I didn’t think the 
people around, me could help me or 
understand, but mainly because 1 didn't, 
want to stop. 

Most of my friends also took drugs. 
The stories vary, but for an addict, the 
ends are always mimbingly similar: 
death, illness, often crime as a way to pay 
for the drugs. Addiction creeps up on 
you. What I thought was a choice I'd 
made, a way of Living, turned into a 
condition that weakened me so much 
that my decisions about study, jobs, 
people, became irrational. With my 
grasp on reality so frayed. I was in some 
sense of the word actually mad. 

My life's backdrop was simply one 
thing — one obsession: drugs, how to buy 
them. how. much 1 had, where they were 
hidden in my room. I would take them 
constantly, spending all the money I 
could find, pumping them into my body, 
existing purely for the flash of pleasure 
that woukf come from each shot. This 
way ofliving went on for years. . 

' At first my career, a creative one, gave 
me some happiness. More important, it 
also gave me- money. I managed, to get 
away with taking drujpi at work for some 
five years; controHmg my intake, having 
my place of work -in lunch to “score", 
moving from post to post before people 
came to know me too welL Those who 
did find out about my addiction viewed 
drags through liberated eyes, as an 
acceptable lifestyle choice. 

; Few people thought i was suffering 
from a life-threatening sickness and they 
were fob fond of me to jeopardize my 
career -by. informing on me to my 
superiors. I moved from country to 
country, and wherever I went I sur- 
rounded myself with other drug users. 

Sometimes I would “clean up" for 
daysjor even a few weeks. But always 
there wouki be a void inside me and I 
would be drawn back to drugs- After 
some years my physical dependence on 
heroin became so great, my emotional 
need for it so central I could not ever 
countenance the thought of 
“withdrawing” from the drug — it wasn t 



just the pain of withdrawal, but also the 
fear of being “without anything". 

What I see clearly now is that giving up 
drugs.was not all I needed to do in order 
to recover from addiction. ! was carrying 
with me my own confused attitude, my 
own depressions and self-delusions, my 
furious anger and resentment towards 
the world, roy helpless dreams. 

By the age of 25 I had gone to work in 
the United States. There 1 was a stranger. 
In my profession, where creative eccen- 
tricity is sometimes smiled upon, what 
really counts is results. No one enquired 
too closely about what I did in my own 

time. By this stage I had already been in 

3itai twi 

hospital twice wfih hepatitis, caused by 
sharing needles with other infected drug 
users: 1 had gone down with the blood 
disease of septicaemia, I was thin as a 
rake and pale as a ghost 

But the endurance I got from heroin 
helped me to work obsessively and work 
made me fed I was folfilling myself in 
some way. even if the drugs affected the 
quality of it I assumed other people 
didn't know about the drugs, and 1 saw 
all the ironies in my situation; I thought 
they were fools and 1 could get away with 
anything. Tn fact many people could see 
what was happening and either refused 
to believe it or couldn’t work out what to 

Outwardly I still had success. I bad 
designed my life so 1 could find my drugs 
easily, J was living in a glamorous way. 
Inwardly, the lighting in the tunnel was 
getting fainter. 1 needed more drugs to 

To live without 
drugs is really to 
become human 
again — vulnerable, 
emotional, happy 
and sad’ 

keep going. By the last year of my drug- 
taking, I had given up all drugs but 
heroin. But heroin was hardly working 
any more and my dosage grew higher. 
Sometimes, to buy drugs, I scoured the 
streets for hours looking for dealer! My 
days were a ritual of visits to the h ank, 
trips downtown to “score" a wild release 
as soon as the drugs were nestling in my 
pocket, and a few seconds of pleasure 
swamped m the “rush" of the drugs. 

I don't know how I escaped the police. . 
I ran their gauntlet daily. I saw the drug 
scene as it is everywhere — fuQ of guns, 
violence, profit and rip-ofis. I was 
stealing from my family and colleagues, 
taking on huge debts, making pitiful 
efforts to give up, succumbing again. I 
even robbed commuters on the subway 

Even as I did it I wondered why I, a tal- 
ented young man who once had every- 
thing to live for. was harming other 
people to buy the drugs that were 
destroying me. My life was filling up 
quickly with personal disasters that had a 
strange effect — as they stripped me of 
hope, they made me glad; they left a sense 
that something had to give. 

This nightmare reached its peak when 
1 was found out by my employers. There 
was the crushing shame of being con- 
fronted by people to whom I felt an 
obligation, the agony of being discov- 

ered. Bui worst of all. was the realization 
that my long, unhappy affair with drugs 
would now end. 

I found myself in a treatment centre 
for addiction and alocoholics. There, I 
was detoxified from heroin and went 
through a week of withdrawals. The 
torment I'd feared for so long came, was 
horrible, and went 

For the first time for years I was 
* without drags. As my head cleared I 
started taking a good look at myself, 
helped by Other people in the treatment 
centre who shared my problem and 
could see clearly the pattern of my 
behaviour. The safe haven of a clinic 
gave me the chance to make a choice, for 
the first lime, about the future I wanted 
for myself. It also gave me insight into 
my personality. 

Gradually I began to recognize the 
feelings within me that had long been 
covered over. In group therapy sessions I 
began lo see myself in others, and as I 
spoke about my emotions others could 
also share my own attitudes. Sharing 
feelings, I quickly realized, could break 
down the sense of isolation I had built 
around myself even before I started 
taking drugs. My physical condition 
improved. I saw doctors, counsellors, a 

The eight weeks 1 spent in treatment 
seem to me now rather like a crash 
course in how to live — the trick is to go 
out in the real world and put those 
lessons to work. Recovery is helped, in 
the early days, by friends or family who 
understand that addiction is a disease, 
that its ravages need time to be 
remedied, and that to live without drugs 
is really a process to become human — 
becoming vulnerable, emotional happy 
and sad. 

Slowly it dawned on me that hundreds 
of other addicts had escaped from their 
addictions in that hospital. Thousands of 
others had “got clean" even without 
treatment (and now lead drug free lives 
by a simple means of therapy — the 
fellowship of Narcotics Anonymous). I 
starred to see that recovery from 
addiction was possible. Treatment and 
NA meetings helped me to deal with my 
feelings about the way I lived before, to 
find out bow other addicts coped with a 
drug-free life and to realize that I am not 
bad. nor even doomed. 

Therapy for addiction is both simple 
and far-reaching. It calls for bravery, not 
brilliance. The key for me is to stay away 
from all drugs. It sounds simple, but for 
an addict, drugs are the most natural 
means in the world for coping with 
problems, for making one feel better. 

Drugs rob the addict not only of 
money but also of more precious things 
— a sense of place in the world, love for 
others, all those rhythms and sounds of 
living that provide the idea of purpose in 
recovery. The addict taking his first, or 
second, or twentieth drug doesn't choose 
his fete. Those who recover from 
addiction can lead lives informed and 
brightened by the memory of its dark- 
ness. 1 hope experience 
someone to find recov- 
ery. finally, this piece is 
unsigned not because I 
don't want to say who I 
am. but because my 
name doesn’t matter and 
because the NA fellow- 
ship. which is the basis 
of recovery for me, is 
protected by my 


As the Ministry of Defence joins the 
fight against drug abuse, scientists are-: 
finding new ways to help addicts. 

Thomson Prentice investigates 


Drug abuse is reaching epi- 
demic proportions in Britain. 
The Government has acknowl- 
edged that heroin, amphet- 
amines, cocaine and other 
drags have spread their influ- 
ence to almost every part of the 
conn try. People in ah sections 
of society, from debutantes to 
adolescents, are affected — 
some fatally. 

Although the development 
of services to treat addicts 
most remain a priority accord- 
ing to health ministers, many 
specialists believe that even 
the growing number of dinks 
and agencies, both within the 
NHS and independently ran, 
are inadequate to deal with the 
scale of the problem. 

According to the latest 
Home Office figures, there 
were 5,869 addicts known to 
be receiving drugs in Britain at 
the end of 1984. But agency 
workers and specialists esti- 
mate the real figure to be 
anything from five to ten times 
higher. Four million people 
are said by some research 
workers to hare tried drugs of 
one kind or another and more 
than 100,000 are believed to be 
dependent on tranquillizers. 

For drug abusers and their 
families, the biggest problem 
is kicking the habit. How can 
families help and what are the 
latest forms of treatment? 

Heroin, amphetamines, co- 
caine and tranquillizers are all 
highly addictive. A heroin 
user, for example, whether 
injecting, i nhaling or sniffing 
the drag, will eventually need a 
dose every few hoars. 

"Whatever the drag in ques- 
tion, an addict has to make the 
firm decision to stop before 
any help will be useful”, says 
Jennifer BleasdaJe, a regional 
liason officer with SCODA 
(Standing Conference on Drug 
Abuse), a national co-ordinat- 
ing body for voluntary drug 
agencies and organizations. 

Since the 1960s, the stan- 
dard type of medical detoxifi- 
cation for heroin addicts has 
been methadone, a synthetic 
heroin substitute which is 
itself highly addictive. 

The rationale behind the 
prescribing of methadone is 
that it prevents addicts from 
turning to the black market, 
offers an element of medical 
supervision and alleviates 
withdrawal symptoms — al- 
though some specialists criti- 
cize the ose of this drug, 
arguing that it is merely 
substituting one form of addic- 
tion for another . 

A sympathetic family doctor 
will prescribe methadone in a 
linctus form, to be taken over 
three weeks, perhaps longer, 
on a gradually reducing dos- 
age. More serious cases are 
usually referred to hospital for 
treatment lasting at least two 
weeks-Many heroin addicts 
have to go od methadone 
maintenance for a long time — 
perhaps years. 

Other drugs are being used 

as substitutes and the latest, 
now undergoing trials in Brit-r 
sin. is naltrexone, which 3C 
. said to neutralize an addictV 
**fix".NaItrex<me is thought fit * 
be Don-addictive and has im- - 
pressed clinicians in the Unit-: 
ed States. . - ' 

Drug-free treatment is of- 
fered to heroin and Other, 
addicts either at clinics or as 
out-patients, and at centre': 
which offer combinations of 

counselling and psychothera- 
py. Paramedical treatments 
include acupuncture, which 
may stimulate the brain to 
produce- endorphins, white, 
hypnosis can be used to deliver 
aversion therapy. 

Like heroin addicts, cocaine 
users are prone to psychologi- 
cal and physical dependency. 
Cocaine is a highly addictive^ 
short-acting stimulant t hat- 
produces euphoria and excifoC 
ment but punishes with pro- 
found depression. . Z 

Many drug agency workers; 
believe that the abuse hC 
amphetamines, knovvn- 
as“speed" is the most serious 
of Britain's addiction profe 
ferns. The stimulants are swal- 
lowed. snorted or 'injected hi; 
produce euphoria, alertness; 
and extra energy — followed by 
depression, insomnia and ner- 

‘An addict 
must firmly .. 
decide to £~ 
stop before s 
help will : S 
be useful’ 

vousness and leading often -to 
the use of tranquillizers ftr 
alcohol as “downers". This, in 
turn, provokes a return :fat 
amphetamines as “uppers": 
Withdrawal can cause suicidal 

Counselling and psycho^ 
therapy may be needed to help 
some individuals and two new 
books, written for addicts and 
their families, contain useful 
information on these and other, 
drugs: How To Get Off Drugs;: 
by Ira Mothner and Aten. 
Vveitz, the editors of Rolling. 
Stone , is published in a British 
version by Penguin, at £3-95p£ 
and Coming Off Drags, by 
James and Joyce Ditrfer, with. 
Celia Haddon, is published off 
July 10 by Papermac, a divi- 
sion of Macmillan, at £5-95p,;.' 

Both give addresses of na- 
tional and local organizations. 

These include: 

SCODA: 1-4 Hatton Place: 
Hatton Garden, London ECL 
01-430 2341. 

Narcotics Anonymous: P0 
Box 246, c/o 47 Milman 
Street, London SW10. 01-351 
6794 and 01-351 6066. 

St Hugh’s makes 
room for men 

If is ironic that St Hughs 
College. Oxford, a pioneer of 
Education for women and one 
of three remaining female 
colleges, at the university, 
should be celebrating its cente- 
nary at the same time as it 
prepares to admit male under- 
graduates. It is perhaps doubly 
ironic. that this move should 
come while complaints are 
being voiced about women s 
career prospects at Oxbridge. 

. But as they, attend the 
anniversary Gaudy dinner to- 
night fold the garden party 
tomorrow . Si Hugh's gradu- 
ates will either be putting a - 
brave. face on these tumultu- 
ous upheavals or simply feel- 

In 1988, acentury- 
oJd Oxford college 

will admit men for 

the first time. 

Lncy Hodges reports 

ing, like some of the dons to 
whom I spoke, that the battle 
for women's education has 
largely been won. 

St Hugh'spast has not been 
dull. A book soon to be 
published to coincide with the 
centenary* tells of the extra J[" 
dinary row which nttriy de- 
stroyed the college in 1924. A 




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19 HolywdlHiU, Si. Albans 
16 The parade. L ean i ng 00 Spa 


clash of two powerful person- 
alities ended with the death of 
the principal, the resignation 
of five tutors and a boycott of 
St Hugh's undergraduates by 
the rest of the university. 

The college survived it all 
and now occupies a massively 
expanded site off the Banbury 
Road, a far cry from the rented 
house in Norbam Road where 
four women students gathered 
to form the college in 1886. 
After all this, why has it 
decided to go co-educational? 

The main reason for the 
decision appears to be a desire 
to improve the standard of 
applicants, and therefore the 
standard of undergraduate 
endeavour. Last year 
St Hugh's was placed 26th out 
of 28 in the Norrington league 
table of degree results; the year 
before it was bottom. 

Most girls dp not choose to 
go to a single sex college. Last 
year 177 women put 
St Hugh's as their first choice 
— the lowest number of appli- 
cants per place for any Oxford 
college. As Dr Mary Lunri, a 
maths don at the college, puts 
it “The age of protection is 
over. Most of the girls do not 
want to go to an all-female 
college. They want to prove 
they can do it in straight 

The argument about admit- 
ting men has raged been raging 
for years and was finally 
concluded last December. 
(Somerville and Si Hilda's are 

’.•n *_ .rj* . ...At 

Broken barriers: mate and female staff eat at St Hugh's High Table 

kill holding out). Miss Rachel 
who hi 

Trie ken. who has five more 
years as principal of 
St Hugh's, is outspoken in her 
opposition to admitting male 
undergraduates: “Such evi- 
dence as we have suggests 
that, although women like 
being in mixed colleges, they 
don't like being in a minority 
because they tend to fell into 

second place. I am not suggest- 
ing men do it to them, they do 
it to themselves. “A mixed 
society living in the same 
building is a most unnatural 
institution. You are never 
going to live with a large 
crowd of members of the 
opposite sex in your life again, 
except in a hoieL" 

Sushma Sharraa, a second- 
year mathematics undergrad- 
uate from a Punjabi faintly 
living in Nottingham, was 
probably speaking for many 
when she said she was re- 
signed to the college going co- 
ed but regretted it because 
women students needed the 
places to keep up their num- 
bers at Oxford. 

There have been male dons 
at St Hugh's since 1978 and 
their arrival seems to have 
been accepted with equanim- 
ity. There are 1 now 16 male 
fellows and 19 women, with 
only six women and all 16 
men appointed since 1977. 

One of them. Dr John Rob- 
ertson. a tutor in modem 
history, is forthright in his 
advocacy of co-education; “It 
will open the college up again, 
give it a better pool to draw on 
and improve the intellectual 
life" he declares. All fellows 
agreed that the number of 
women dons at Oxford and 

Cambridge was disappointing- 
ly low. Since 1966. numbers 
have remained static. As 
Dr Isabel Rivers, an English 
tutor, puls it: “If you have 
open competition, it is in the 
nature of things that a man is 
more likely to be appointed, 
because more men apply. 

“Fewer women go on to do 
higher degrees and in a college 
like this one. where you have a 
totally open appointments 
system, the college will take 
the best person, man or 

This trend is likely to lead 10 
fewer women dons and gfve 
female undergraduates fewer 
“role models" to emulate. The 
vicious circle could continue. 

But. with good fortune and 
some positive action, it will 
not. Dr Robertson, who is 
also head of the graduate 
schooL launched a major 
drive to build it up. through a 
programme of scholarships, 
from its present SO members 
to 80 or 100. “These are the 
women who are going to come 
through wanting, and in some 
cases obtaining, university 
positions", he says. 

*Sr Hugh ‘s: One Hundred 
Yean of Women's Education in 
Oxford (to be published on July 
24 by Macmillan. £17.50) 




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The House of Commons Foreign 
Affairs Committee, which has 
been considering Britain's in- 
volvement in the South African 
crisis, has suddenly speeded up its 
Jvork and is to come up with an in- 
terim report later this month. The 
reason for this haste is that the 
committee hopes its recom- 
mendations will have an impact 
on the seven-nation Common- 
wealth summit, to be held in 
London in the first week of 
August. At that meeting. Mrs 
Thatcher will be under severe 
pressure to impose sanctions 
against South Africa. I understand 
that two or possibly three of the 
seven Tories on the committee 
will be sorely tempted to join the 
tour Labour members in a recom- 
mendation favouring sanctions. A 
secret session of the committee 
yesterday with a senior American 
diplomat, Robert Frazure. at 
which he expressed little but 
pessimism about Pretoria's readi- 
ness to talk to overseas leaders, 
fas added to their qualms on the 
Thatcher line. 

Crime wavering 

Victims of violent crimes who 
have been waiting interminably 
for the Criminal Injuries 
Compensation Board to decide 
what they should be paid had 
better make a virtue of patience, 
the 20 extra staff whose appoint- 
ment Home Office inspectors 
Recommended last year to handle 
the backlog of claims has been 
Reduced to 13. The rate of violent 
crime is so high in Britain these 
days that if all the claims were met 
the government's budget would be 
grossly exceeded. 

Late departure 

General Sir Michael Gow, former 
head of the Royal College of 
Defence Studies, bung up his 
epaulettes six weeks late. A few 
days before he was due to retire, he 
slipped while running for a train at 
Waterloo station and broke his 
ankle. Since regulations forbid an 
officer to retire while in hospital, 
he was obliged to continue draw- 
ing full pay until the injury healed. 
Some compensation, perhaps, for 
being the Iasi general to fail at 

• Ecclesiastical thrift: an An- 
glican clergymen removed his dog 
collar in the heat to reveal that it 
was nothing more than a recycled 
slice from a plastic detergent 
bottle. When challenged, be con- 
fessed at once. 


Here’s a novel idea for Britain's 
judges. While awaiting trial on 
charges of extortion and un- 
authorized stockpiling of arms. 
Arturo Durano Moreno. Mexico 
City's former police chief, brought 
a libel acition against the author 
and publisher ofa book which also 
accused him of complicity in drug 
trafficking. He won. The damages? 
Fifty per cent of the book’s profits. 



! ;*1 bear the Sooth Africans are 
> considering sanctions* 

f 1 

Marching on 

Disinformation by the Tower 
Hamlets Health Authority. The 
mlrch in support of Wendy 
Savage, the gynaecologist sus- 
pended from work last year, has 
ndt after all been cancelled. It will 
start from Mile End Hospital at 2 
pfh next Thursday. No end to Ms 
Savage's travails is yet in sight. A 
decision about whether she will be 
reinstated to her post, following a 
six-week inquiry earlier this year, 
should have been taken by the 
authority on the same day as the 
march, but this has now been 
postponed indefinitely. 

Slow delivery 

More on the matter of the highest- 
scoring over in cricket history. A 
reader now tells me that in 1 890. 
during a match in Yorkshire, an 
Australian touring team beat an 
English side with a single hit — 
never mind a whole over. Lyons, 
one of the Aussie openers, hit a 
ball so bard that it smashed 
through the window of an express 
train, the 11.35. bound for Shef- 
field. We appealed for “lost ball.*’ 
which was overruled by the um- 
. pire on the grounds that its 
1 whereabouts was known. One of 
our players was dispatched on a 
’later. train, a slow one. onjy to 
discover at Sheffield that the 
station master had already sent it 
back by parcel post It reached the 
ground at 1.30 pm the following 
day. The English sat in from of the 
pavilion while the Australians ran 
1.849 and declared their innings. 
The analysis of the unfortunate 
bowler, one Mr AttewelL was: 0.1 
overs. 0 maidens. 0 for 1 .849. 


Security plus shake-up 

Some critics wrote off the Peacock 
report as dead even before it 
appeared. Far from iL Much of it 
may not be put into practice until 
after the next general election, but 
the report nevertheless points the 
way for changes. 

It offers a secure basis for 
funding the BBC in the next ten 
years, white restraining BBC 
imperialism. It does something to 
shake up the duopoly of BBC and 
ITV by opening the way for 
independent producers. It recom- 
mends that many pensioners be 
exempt from paying the licence 
fee. and shows how the licence fee 
system- could be replaced in the 
late 1 990s by viewers paying 
directly for BBC television. 
Conservative backbenchers 
shouldbe cheering, not growling, 
and Labour's shadow cabinet will 
find that long term, it has to come 
back to many of the committee's 

The issues are complex and the 
members have strong individual 
views, but on most they were 
unanimous. Ail approved of 
preparing for subscription tele- 
vision as the most practical alter- 
native to the licence fee, and of the 
exemption of pensioners. There 
was general agreement against 
forcing advertising on to BBC 

Although the decision on 
advertising may disappoint the 
government, it was not taken 
lightly. Alan Peacock and Sam 
Brittan — our two economists — 
commissioned much economic 
research on our behalf, as did_ 
other interested parties, the In- 
dependent Television Companies 
Association and the Newspaper 
Society among them. Researchers 
studied such issues as the flexibil- 
ity of the television advertising 
market, and the effect of BBC 

Alastair Hetherington, a member of the 
Peacock committee, on its differences over 
the more controversial recommendations 

advertising on ITV. independent 
local radio and others: it con- 
cluded that as little as two minutes 
in the hour on BBC 1 alone could 
bring a drastic reduction of rev- 
enue to the ITV companies. The 
peak-lime rates would be punc- 
tured, causing great damage to 
1TV finance and programme- 
making. Local newspapers would 
also lose revenue. These draw- 
backs dampened the free market 

Research on programme con- 
tent was conducted by Professor 
Jay Blunder of Leeds University 
and Dr Tom Nossiter of the LSE. 
It is summarized in the report but 
will be published in full about 
three weeks hence. It showed 
clearly — confirming the 
committee’s own impressions 
from travel in this country and 
abroad — dial if BBC television 
were to become dependent on 
advertising revenue the nature of 
programme-making both by the 
BBC and ITV would inevitably 
change. No peak-time informa- 
tion programmes, apart from the 
news; little or no current affairs; 
no controversial or demanding 
drama: no political satire; much 
less diversity. 

The consequences can be seen 
in the United States where, during 
the last 15 years, the three main 
networks have bought almost 
nothing from either the BBC or 
JTV. | Only US public service 
channels with minority audiences 
do so). 

Radio was. regrettably, left to 
the end of the discussions, when in 

my view the committee made its 
worst decision. With little thought 
as to the consequences, the 
committee voted 5-2 for the 
privatizing of Radios I and 2. In 
effect the proposal — a sop to the 
free marketeers on the commit- 
tee — will prevent BBC radio from 
reaching mass audiences and 
diminish the status of radio within 
the BBC. Television is already too 
dominant: BBC radio, reduced, 
will be given even less consid- 
eration. In addition, advertising 
on privatized Radios 1 and 2 
would bankrupt many indepen- 
dent local stations. 

The committee also came close 
to recommending privatization 
for BBC local radio, but its 
distinctive services were rec- 
ognized. BBC local radio, broadly 
speaking, is 70 per cent talk and 30 
per cent music, while on the 
independent stations the propor- 
tions are reversed. Each style is 
acceptable to the audiences it 
attracts, and the further you live 
from London the more you are 
likely to appreciate both. 

Apart from Radios I and 2, 
another split came over the ITV 
franchise system. By a 4-3 vote, 
the majority recommended that 
these should be pul to competitive 
tender. This decision was also 
damaging. If applied, it would put 
the IBA in an impossible position. 
If a company with a sound 
financial base, but no experience 
of television, offers a higher rental 
than an established company with 
a strong programme record, such 
as Granada or Yorkshire, where 

wiD the line be drawn? At 10 per 
cent higher, 15 per cent 20 per 
cent or higher still? Not only, that, 
but the successful bidder would be 
under such pressure to maximize 
profits that only mass-appeal pro- 
grammes would be televrzecL This 
was confirmed by Thames, 
Central Granada and Grampian 
which were questioned separately 
on the issue. The Home Secretary 
is prudent to defer action .on this 
disputed recommendation. 

The further proposal that future 
ITV contracts should be based on 
a “rolling review", with a system 
of “yellow card" and “red card” 
warnings, makes, much more 
sense. If within a year of being 
shown the “yellow" a company 
does not remedy its programme 
defects, then the “red” will be 
served and the franchise readvert- 
ised a year later unless there had 
been a great improvement mean- 

Already the committee is being 
criticized both for going beyond its 
terms of reference — which we 
dispute - and for not going be- 
vond them. Sex and violence were 
far outside our remit; so was the 
evident disarray in the higher 
ranks of the BBC That the 
governors are at ' times 
ineptf though their chairman led 
their evidence to the committee 
admirably), and that the BBCs 
board or management at times 
appear to have their knives into ■ 
each other and into the governors 
as well, was not the committee's 
fondness. It is. however, some- 
thing that the BBC itself must put 
right if it wants to survive. 

The author was editor of The 
Guardian 1956-75 and is now 
research professor in media studies 
at Sliding University. 

©Tlmea Nw wpa p w * 138B. 

The recent tin crisis involved 
more than the dramatic collapse of 
the International Tin CounciL It 
precipitated a commercial catas- 
trophe and raised questions about 
the good faith of governments, not 
least the British. 

The potential losses to banks 
and businesses trading on the 
London Metal Exchange probably 
exceed £400 million, and the final 
figure could be much larger. In an 
area of Cornwall with 20 per cent 
unemployed, and where big sums 
have just been invested in hiring 
new men and opening up new 
workings, tin mining hb all but 

The 22 member governments of 
the ITC. representing producers 
and consumers, were bound by a 
treaty and other agreements to 
maintain price stability and as- 
sured supplies until June 1987. . 
By abandoning the council in 
October 1985. when it ran out of 
money to buy more surplus tin for 
its buffer stock, they broke these 
solemn agreements. By doing so 
they betrayed mines, banks and 
metal traders, many of whose 
commercial lives the ITC domi- 
nated. By abandoning the JTC, 
with £1.5 billion ofits contracts to 
buy and sell tin incomplete and 
with debts of nearly £350 million, 
they defaulted in a manner which 
would be unthinkable for the 
poorest developing country. By 
conducting the council's affairs 
behind a veil of secrecy, they 
prevented those outside govern- 
ment circles from learning the 
dangers of dealing with iL 
The governments involved 
deny any legal liability for the 
damage caused. So, even, does the 
British government despite hav- 
ing urged all other member gov- 
ernments to honour their “legal 
commitments’’ when the crisis 
broke. This view will be tested in 
the courts in due course. Whatever 
the courts decide, many wider 
questions remain to be answered.. 

The British government al- 
lowed the ITC to establish its 
headquarters in London and con- 
ferred specific immunities on it; 
the Department of Trade and 
Industry representative was a 
member of its most important 
committees. Government obliga- 
tions dearly extend beyond the 
letter of the law at least to 
supervising the smooth running of 
the nation's markets. 

On Monday the House of 
Commons will consider two re- 
cent reports by its Select Commit- 
tee on Trade and Industry which 
considered many of those 
responsibilities, and the DTI's 
reply. The debate should shed 
light on the government's actions 
and intentions, in particular on 
these important questions: 

• Did it know there was «ny 
danger of the conncfl collapsing? 

Undoubtedly it did. as the DTI 
has admitted in its evidence to the 
Select Committee. The problems 

Adam Ridley looks at the questions raised 
by the collapse of the world tin market 

Will Whitehall 
pay its 

gambling debt? 

. - «r- '.fw ' - 

Cornish tin miners: victims of a crash that the 
government did too little to avert 

which the council faced’ in 1982 
“would ultimately have proved 
loo severe for the agreement to 
withstand”, it said. Officials began 
to try to extract from the ITC 
information about its more 
hazardous activities some years 
ago. They claim that, had they 
succeeded, “the collapse might 
well have been predicted and 
prevented”. But their efforts were 
reined back — why, it is not clear. 

• Did the government warn the 
LME, banks or Cornish mines of 
the danger of collapse? 

Trading in tin on the London 
Metal Exchange was dominated 
by dealings with the ITC - which 
could not operate without the 
LME Some kind of warnings were 
made by the LME to the authori- 
ties and vice versa. But it appears 
that at no time did the authorities 
warn of any risk that member 
governments would allow the ITC 
to become bankrupt and go into 
default on its existing obligations 
to metal traders or the banks. Nor 
does the government seem to have 
thought through the actions it did 
call for. On its own. an LME 
boycott of the ITC would have 
brought about the council’s col- 

lapse. causing chaos in the tin 
market and inflicting vast losses 
all round. Yet the authorities in 
effect advised the LME firms 
involved to stop trading with iL 
The only sensible remedies would 
have been a radical reorganization 
or an orderly wind-down of the 
ITCs affairs. 

The bankers and Cornish mines 
were given no warning, mainly 
because to have done so - to 
quote the DTI — would have 
“precipitated a crisis and probably 
the collapse of the buffer stock 
operation In acting as it did. the 
government took a big gamble 
with other people's - jobs and 
money without warning them of 
the dangers to which it was 
committing them - a gamble 
which foiled. Was this wise 
stewardship of the nation’s finan- 
cial markets? Can the government 
now disown all responsibility for 
the consequences of what it did? 

When it became aware of the 
danger, the government could 
have done much more, either 
alone or with other members, to 
change the ITCs policies. Using 
the procedures laid down in the 
Sixth International Tin Agree- 
ment (ITA-6), it could have: 

• Used the consultation, com- 
plaints and disputes procedures 
laid down m ITA-6: and the 
disputes procedure in a separate 
legal “headquarters agreement”. 

• Withdrawn from the ITC 

• Proposed the early termination 

• Terminated the headquarters 
agreement and expelled the ITC 
from Britain. 

• Removed the immunities it had 
conferred on the ITC 

The mere threat of such actions 
might have been sufficient to steer 
the ITC back on to a safer course, 
or at least to provide for an orderly 
wind-down of its operations. But, 
as far as we know, nothing of the 
sort was attempted. The Select 
Committee spent much time in- 
vestigating these matters but ob- 
tained few answers from ihe DTI 
about what went on in the ITC 
and the government in the period 
before the crisis. The DTI pleaded 
variously the confidentiality of 
advice to ministers, the impropri- 
ety of discussing matters which 
might be the subject of legal 
action, the restrictions on what the 
Select Committee may investi- 
gate. and the limitations imposed 
by membership of the ITC So the 
council's activities and the British 
government’s involvement in it 
remain shrouded in secrecy even 
now, while all ITC governments 
seek to shelter behind professed 
immunity from any attempt to 
discover what really happened. 
Such reticence may have been 
defensible while negotiations were 
continuing but it is less justifiable 

in addition to the points I have 
already raised, we must hope that 
Monday's debate will illuminate 
the following questions of prin- 

• Having gambled with the 
money, investmenL jobs and good 
name of the LME, Cornish mines 
and banks, what does the govern- 
ment now perceive its responsibil- 
ity to them to be? In particular, 
will it help them in any legal 
action to recover the losses which 
the collapse of the ITC caused to 
all affected by the price of tin? 

• Will the government now re- 
move the rTC immunities? 

• Given the lack of information 
about what happened awthin the 
ITC and Whitehall, will the 
government now initiate a quick, 
foil and independent inquiry into 
what happened and publish the 

When the government is requir- 
ing our financial institutions and- 
markets to undertake major re- 
forms to strengthen foir and open 
dealings and to protect investors 
and clients from exploitation, rt is 
surely not unreasonable to ask it to 
apply the same standards to its. 
own operations. 

© Ttaws Nmnuapan, 1S8C. 

Sir Adam Ridley, a director of 
Hambros Bank, is spokesman for a 
committee of creditor banks. 

David Watt 

Heroic, but look 
at the odds 

The only way to maintain any 
sense of reality in an increasingly 
crazy situation is by restating 
constantly to oneself the simple 
logic of the British predicament in 
South Africa: 

• Britain has important interests 
in South Africa which will be 
harmed , if we adopt a sanctions 


• An economic sanctions policy, 
if implemented, for from having 
the effect that is intended, wfll 
almost certainly achieve nothing 
except direct and indirect damage 
to the black population, to the 
“front line" states and to British 

• Immediate self-interest, as well 
as morality, points to our doing 
nothing to harm the South African 
economy, and if we were a self- 
. sufficient superpower that would 
be our obvious and best response. 

• Unfortunately we are not in that 
situation. We have broad interests 
which are, in total, far more 
important than our interests: in 
South Africa. Our economic links 
with the blackCommonwealth are 
extremely valuable, and our po- 
sition on the international po- 
litico-economic stage depends 
more generally on our leading role 
in the EEC and the Common- 
wealth and our rapport with, the 
other members of these organiza- 
tions. Moreover, our long-term 
interestsin South Africa itself may 
be put at risk if we appear to back 
the losing side in an imminent 

• If we are ever really forced to 
choose between the two sets of 
interests, we shall have to sacrifice 
the immediate South African 
ones. Meanwhile our logical pol- 
icy now, as in the past, must be to 
fight a rearguard action and 
manoeuvre for as long as possible 
to avoid having to make the 

So much is common ground 
between pretty well everyone ex- 
cept those who have persuaded 
themselves that economic sanc- 
tions wHl actually be effective. For 
the rest of us the argument is 
about the best tactics of retreaL 
Here there are two possible lines 
of thought best explained in terms 
of military analogies. 

The first is the Fabian or 
“regronp-in-good-order" school, 
to which Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
majority of die Cabinet, and most 
of the Foreign Office subscribe: 
The argument is that the present 
position is too exposed and that 
we are in danger of sustaining 
serious casualties (in terms of 
credibility and interim damage to 
our interests) in trying to hold it. If 
we hang on too long we may find 
ourselves completely overrun and 
wiped ouL Better to give ground, 
while there is stiff time, and fall- 
back to prepared positions half- * 
way down. 

The Horatian. or “tbey-shall- 
not-pass”, brigade, to which the 
Prime Minister and one or two 
others belong, resist this reasoning 
on two planes. At the instinctive 
level they simply believe that it is 
pusillanimous. On die more ratio- 
nal level they maintain, first that 
the danger is not as bad as it looks 
and the likely casualty figures are 
exaggerated: Commonwealth 

leaders such as Rajiv Gandhi and 
Kenneth Kaunda arc rhetorical 
sabre-rattlers but weak- on action 
when the moment comes; the 
ANC are years away from power 
and withdrawal is therefore pre- 
mature anyhow. 

Secondly, they beheve that the 
foil-back positions that have beep 
prepared arc badly situated for 
defence; once you have agreed ip 
moderate sanctions then it is 
almost impossible to argue against 
tightening the screw if they don’t 
work. Thirdly, some of the 
Conservative troops will shoot the 
general if the retreat is sou n ded. 
Finally,, there is still an outside 
chance of a miracle in the shape of 
a general armistice, brought about 
by a last-minute change of heart in 
Pretoria. Altogether the idea is 
that by standing firm you may get 
away with it, and even if you have 
to move in the end you may not 
need to go so for so fesL ' 

There is more to be said lor the 
Horatius-Thatcher position than 
is sometimes conceded. It worked, 
after aiashi on, in the matter of the 
EEC budget and again in ther 
- miners’ strike, although the cost in 
both these cases was very high. 
But if she grants (as I think she 
does) that she cannot actually 
allow the Commonwealth to break- 
up or for counter sanctions to be 
applied against Britain, is it now 
worth paying an interim price r- 
Commonwealth ill-will and a bad 
start to the British presidency of 
the EEC — in the hope, at best, of 
gaining a few'months time? Is-it 
worth risking the more ignomin- 
ious and costly defeat that wHf 
occur if our present altitude causes 
the Commonwealth to demand a 
bigger retreat than it would have 
done if we had gone willingly an 
month ago? 

The answer would only be “yes” 
if there were a foir chance of 
persuading the South African 
government to shift (The advan- 
tage ofbeing able to say to 20 or 30 . 
Tory right-wingers “well at least 
we tried" is very sraalL) But m>. 
encouraging signal of any kind has' 
been received from President' 
Botha. There is merely a presump- 
tion in Downing Street that he 
owes Mrs Thatcher something, 
and that now he has demonstrated' 
his control of the internal situa- 
tion he can afford to relax a bit .. 

Perhaps so, but against that 
must be set the more potent feet 
that foe month which Sir Geoffrey - 
Howe has been allotted for mir-- 
ade-woriting happens to be the 
run-up to the National Party’s 
federal and provincial congresses 
at which the for right have to be 
persuaded to accept even the 
minimal package of constitutional 
reform that' is being set before, 
than. It is in the wildest degree 
improbable, if not actualy impos- 
sible, that Botha would release 
Nelson Mandela at this time. 

In short. Fabius-Howe has the 
best of foe argument — and a fel 
lot of good that does him under-; 
Mrs Thatcher's consulship. TheT 
poor man simply finds himself; 
forcibly recast in the role of- 
Spurius Lartius and now stands ; 
shivering on the Tiber bridge, 
beside a crazy hero as Porsena’s . 
hordes advance. 

Paul Pickering 

From wickets 
to pickets 

Maradona no: John Paul— but of course 


Colombia, not Mexico, was front 
runner to stage the 1986 World 
Cup until President Batancur 
declined on the grounds that the 
country could not afford such 
extravagance. Yet enormous sums 
have been found - $80 million, 
according to Havana Radio, 
though that is probably an exag- 
geration — on public works of 
doubtful long-term value and the 
general sprucing up of cities for the 
Pope's present visit. 

Enrique Santos Calderon, a 
highly respected journalist sup- 
ported Betancur's decision not to 
host the World Cup. but notes that 
since then “Neither hospitals nor 
schools have been built and 
children continue to starve 
. . many people think that hav- 
ing denied ourselves the chance of 
being a showcase for the world’s 
best football teams, we are spend- 
ing just as much on one person." 

In the small town of Chiq- 
u inquire, a place of pilgrimage for 
many Colombians, land worth an 
estimated $6 million was bought 
to accommodate the multitudes 
who converged there yesterday for 
Ihe Pope's one-hour visiL Spend- 
ing on media facilities seems to 

have been almost as great for the 
papal visit as it would have been 
for the World Cup. with the 
provision of 20 press centres. 400 
telex machines, 800 telephone 
lines, and 500 typewriters for the 
2.500 foreign journalists covering 
the visiL 

When Santos Calderon ques- 
tioned whether, in view of the 
cosL Betancur should have re- 
fused a visit from the Pope, priests 
and public were outraged. Colom- 
bia is regarded by many as South 
America’s most deeply Roman 
Catholic country, with its crowds 
of women in black mantillas 
waiting in loDg lines for their turn 
in the confessions] after offices 
and factories have closed for the 
day. Known as “the Republic of 
the Sacred Heart" Colombia is 
the only country, apart from 
Paraguay, to have a concordat 
with the Vatican. 

Ironically, since foe Colombian 
church remains one of the most 
conservative in Latin America, it 
was in the Colombian city of 
Medellin, at the 1968 Latin 
American bishops' conference, 
that liberation theology first 
emerged, and had history taken a 
different course, the Pope might 

have been welcomed by a 57-year- 
old Cardinal or Archbishop 
named Camilo Torres - the 
model for foe priest-turned- 
subversive in Graham Greene’s 
The Honorary > Consul. 

A brilliant scholar and linguist, 
Torres came from one of Bogota's 
oldest and most distinguished 
families, and after taking holy 
orders in 1954 seemed destined w 
go far in foe church. Instead, he is 
today revered almost as foe patron 
saint of liberation theology which 
two years before foe 1968 Medel- 
lin conference he took to foe 
ultimate extreme, dying as a 
revolutionary guerrilla during a 
skirmish with government troops. 
Torres became a guerrilla after the 
church showed alarm and hostility 
towards his left-wing politics. He 
decided that the conditions of foe 
urban poor would never be im- 
proved by peaceful means. 

While liberation theology has 
taken hold elsewhere in Latin 
America — most notably in Bra- 
zil. Peru and Central America — it 
has not flourished in Colombia. 
Nor has foe legend of Torres 
himself. “Camilo was a myth 
created abroad, because in this 
country nothing happened." says 

Monsignor Dario Castrillon, one 
of Colombia’s more outspoken 
bishops. Earlier this year, on the 
20th anniversary of his death. 
Torres was the subject of a series 
of assessments by friends on the 
left who sadly concluded that he 
threw his life away in a moment of 
tragic miscalculation. 

Samos Calderon believes that 
“with foe same honesty and love 
for his fellow man — for he was 
never dogmatic — he would today 
be expounding non-violent 
change." That is probably true, 
given foe persistent senseless 
brutality of discredited insurgent 
groups such as the April 19 
movement despite Betancur's 
genuine attempts to make peace 
with them. 

But foe root of foe violence — 
the grinding poverty suffered by 
too many Colombians — remains, 
and it is taking all of foe Pope's 
considerable public relations skills 
to convince the many critics here 
that his visit is noL like the World 
Cup. an unnecessary and costly 
own goal for a poor, debt-ridden • 
nation to concede. 

Geoffrey Matthews 

When a friend's playful labrador 
seized my cricket box and dis- 
appeared with it into impenetrable 
gorse bushes I was thankful that 
my innings was over. 

For long, gone are the trusting 
days when several pink “prot-. 
ectore" could be found lurking in 
foe team's bag and chaps lent 
them to each other without a 
second thought Try to borrow one 
now in post-Aids Hampshire and 
foe weekend cricketer is likely to 
be subjected to a hypochondriac 
inquisition on personal habits, not 
to mention whether he has ever 
lived in Haiti or been bitten by a 
Howler monkey in Rwanda. 
Much easier to go and buy 

. Or so I fooughL The battered 
aluminium box which the dog ran 
off with — now possibly a des- 
irable detached residence for a 
family of voles — had been some- 
thing of an heirloom. I was not au 
fait with foe present state of the 
market In the first store a sulky 
girt whose lapel badge proclaimed 
she was called Tracey produced a 
huge cardboard container when I 
asked for a cricket protector. 

mered. “Haven't you goL well. - 
something more accommodating? 
You don't have those bright pink 
ones do you?” Assistant Susan's: 
looks indicated foat all 1 needed '• 
was a dirty raincoat 
“Oh. the pink ones,” said ' 
Tracey sagely. I clutched to her ; 
words like a drowning man. “Do 
you have some?” 

“No," she shook her head. "The 
police took them. Bought all the 
larger ones and the jock-straps, as 
well. They went off with nearly foe 1 , 
whole stock. Only these are left. . 
Are you sure they wouldn't fil?^t ' 
was sure. 

After scouring foe West End ' 
without success, one salesman - 
offered a sociological explanation 1 - 
for the box femine. “It's because i 
of all. these riots and dist-" 
urbances,” he explained. “The 
police cleaned us out as for back as ' 
the miners' strike. They go for foe 
pink tines because they are room- . 
ier and are the only type that can - 
take a kick. They are thicker, have • 
rounded sides and are comfortable 
in all weathers. Even soccer - 
hooligans use them. It's all down, 

„ * ctor - to social strife. I'm sorry, feu we ’ 

You can stick it on here if you just don't have any." 

like. You don’t need a mirror do 
you?” It was a great relief when 
she - pulled a batsman’s helmet 
from foe wrapping. 

As I explained it was not my 
head that I was worried abouL 
Tracey’s friend Susan started to 
giggle and went over to the rack of 
cricket stamps. She returned with 
several grubby plastic bags of 
protectors at arm’s length. A 
woman next to me at the counter 
began to titter too. 

"is this all you have?" I said, 
fighting a rising tide of embarrass- 
menL The exquisite products, 
elegantly edged with hand-sewn 
leather, had been lovingly fash- 
ioned iir Delhi, no doubt by some 
cricket-box-wallah whose craft 
had been handed down since foe 
early days of the Raj. The only 
trouble was they appeared to have ' 
been specially made for a team of 

"What's wrong?" snapped 
Tracey. By this time most of 
London had arrived in foe cricket 
and croquet mallet department. 
“It's a wee bit small" I stam- 

I felt dismayed. A- familiar ‘ 
object from a gentle Sunday • 
afternoon's cricket had. become-., 
something sinister. Politics profe.- 
ably cannot be kept out of sport ; 
but you don't expect to encounter • 
it in your cricket trows. ■' 7 

Of course, a shortage of ade-‘ 
quate protectors may explain foe 
dreadful state of English cricket If 
our Test side are having to. squeeze 
their manhood into tiny foreign 
boxes it's no wonder they, lose 
gamesand look perpetually on the 
verge of tears and legal action. 
Meanwhile, on foe picket lines ' 
and hippy convoys our constable* ' 
are safe and comfortable. 

However, this insight into na- . 
tional priorities and why we lose •- 
Test matches did not help me in " 
my persona! quest Suggested! 
substitutes have ranged from an 
old copy of I lie Bodies to an actor - 
friends black cod piece, which - 
would cut a dash if worn over--* 
whi tes. So I shall just have to 
protect myself adequately and- 
arour those gorse bushes for my- 
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j^wangtoa Street » London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 

■ Whatever may be the immedi- 
ate impact of the Peacock 
gW*- It can tardiy fail in the 

- longer tenn to exercise a strong 

- injuencc- on thinking and 
policy about broadcasting. Th e 
report is essentially the first 

4 attempt in this country to look 

■ ^ -broadcasting policy from 
fast principles. It asks the 
sjmpfc, .essential questions: 
How is broadcasting different 
from, other services? What are 
the, -implications . for regula- 
tion? How can regulation be 
made effective, and yet inter- 
fere as little as possible with 
individual choice in a free 
society? Fordecades to come, 
sejiqus.. analysis of broadcast- 
ing policy will start with this 
report. - 


sale of silent night time TV 
^ GUI X and a requirement that 
the BBC, wer a 10-year pe- 
riod, increase its proportion of 
JV programmes made by 
independent producers, to 40 
percent of the total. The last is 
especially ' important: 
broadcasting as much as Fleet 
Street has. been the victim of 

high production costs -fuelled 
by powerful in-house-unions. 

programming. Their individ- 
ual choices would determine 
the outcome. 

■-The., committee members 
faced it dilemma. They could 
find little to- recommend that 
was both immediate and rad- 

A ieal. They sensibly chose to 
9 make their main, contribution 

not to the. present, but to the 
future." ".• 

: The prospects they hold out 
aTefcenerally attactive: a genu- 
inely. . consumer-dominated 
market in video publishing; 
with' publicly-subsidized, 
production playing an im- 
portant, but definitely second- 
ary, role. In the end, that is the 
only broadcasting policy suit- 
able to a free society. The 
Peacock Committee has done 
a- 'great service, in stating this 
vjnth such clarity and vigour. 

Bui competitive tendering 
for ITV franchises provoked a 
4:3 split in the committee. We 
can. see why the minority was 
hesitant about the enforceabil- 
ity of contract conditions . 
where a company turns out to 
have made losses. On balance, 
however, we are with the 
majority: a loss-making com- 
pany that has made a mistake 
can always give up its fran- 
chise and so avoid any future 
rental payments. 

Deregulation of cable TV, 
which Would .pemiit British 
Telecom and Mercury to act as 
common carriers of cable 
programming, and would re- 
move all restrictions on pay- 
per-channel and pay-per- 
programme, will also serve to 
open up the market in video 
delivery, systems. The viewer 
would then enjoy the same 
wide range of choice as the 
magazine reader now enjoys at 
a bookstall. On the principle 
that competition is the best 
amidore-io sloth, we welcome 

Now. the committee 
presents some evidence — and 
there is- more of the anecdotal 
kind - that most people would 
be happy to see some ads On 
the BBC in return for a lower 
licence fee. Bur it goes on to 
assert that if advertising were 
introduced on BBC, people 
would regret the eventual re- 
sult because programme qual- 
ity would decline. Is this really 
so? What warrant have we for 
believing it? 

Peacock offers elaborate ev- 
idence and argument that full 
funding of the BBC by 
advertising — would lead to an 
unwanted decline in pro- 
gramme standards. Even if 
that were the case, these 
arguments would apply much 
less surely to limited advertis- 
ing. And it is on the subject of 
limited advertising that the 
report is short and unsatisfac- 
tory. It concludes that selling 
even small amounts of 
advertising (say, 10 minutes 
per night on BBC 1 only be- 
tween 7pm and 9pm only) 
would require the BBC to 
match its rivals in the search 
for mass audiences, and that 
the range and quality of pro- 
grammes would, suffer. 

_ Tlfe report proposes a three 
stage model for the evolution 
. of broadcasting based upon the 
“ application of new broadcast- 
ing technologies. They are the 
status quo. plus indexation of 
the BBC license fee; “direct 
subscription” to broadcasting 
organisations in which the 
BBC would be . financed, 
through voluntary subscrip- 
tions as Teletext is today; and, 
finally, multiplicity of choice 
in a completely free market in. 
video publishing. This- pro- 
vider clearly marked path for 
future decision-making. And if 
we eventually skip the middle - 
stage — subscription financing - 
, --and go directly from_fte : 
k current system-. m-~i 

tibbal network with unfimited' 
* video publishing, / then so.- 
much the better. 

There must be one main 
reservation about the Peacock 
Report on the subject of 
advertising the very subject 
that provoked the government 
into setting up the committee 
in the first place. The Peacock 
Committee’s efforts to per- 
suade us. against advertising 
ha ve persuaded us that there is 
indeed room for limited 
advertising on the BBC as a 
second-best compromise be- 
tween full consumer ' choice 
and the present system of 
public impost . . . 

We find that claim in- 
credible. If the BBC cannot sell 
more than a few minutes and 
cannot sell outside restricted 
hours, then how could its 
incentive to make minority 
programmes suffer outside 
those hours? And the status 
quo is here presented in far too 
rosy and unrealistic a light? 
Are we really asked to believe 
that the BBC could go much 
further down-market from 
EasiEnders and Dallas ' ? . 

The committee's arguments 
on this are weak. It has in 
practice \ treated \ broadcast 
advertising as a milch cbw for 
TV' 'pipgranine-makers, _ in- . 
deed, as a i perfectly suitable 
subject for monopolistic pric- 
ing. ■ 

:The committee's analysis of 
the “comfortable duopoly” of 
BBC and ITV has led it to 
recommendations for present 
policy that deserve to be 
endorsed: the privatization of 
Radios One and Two, the 
auctioning of direct 
broadcating by satellite (DBS) 
franchises, the ’ auctioning' of 
any new radio frequencies, the 

But let us apply the 
Committee’s own logic. In a 
well-functioning- market for 
video programmes, such as the 
Committee foresees in stage 
three, consumers would face a 
choice in . the video 
“magazines” that were oh 
offer a lower cover price in 
return for taking some ads or a 
higher price for ad-free 

Anxiety is expressed in Pea- 
cock that some advertising 
would be the thin edge of the 
wedge, and New Zealand is 
cited as an example. But 
tumbling down the slippery 
slope, though always possible, 
is far from inevitable. The 
report admits as much when, 
in -the. . same paragraph, it- 
describes welt-functioning lim- 
ited advertising in Italy. We 
are prepared, if Peacock is not, 
to' trust citizens not to demand 
or support unwise extensions 
of advertising in the future.. 

It is time to experiment with 
a little advertising on the BBC. 
The alternative, after all, is to 
accept an ever-rising license 
fee, increased public resent- 
ment. and the continuation of 
the BBCs uncomfortable exis- 
tence as. half sacred cow, half 
political football 


^ One of the less noble skills 
required of a modern diplomat 

Jg££!;: _ 

|: f in<J uil! 

v .. 

' {-* 

l J.f- 

■ tJ- •** 

is to put quite different glosses 
on your country’s position to 
suit different audiences. But 
modern communications can 
make this a dangerous game. 
Dp Denis Worrall, who has an 
unenviable job as South 
Africa’s London ambassador, 
discovered this to. his cost on 
Tuesday night when he gave 
evidence to the Commons 
Foreign Affairs Committee. 

.The burden of his evidence 
was that Mrs Thatcher’s at- 
tempt to bring South Africa 
imp a . post-apartheid era 
peacefully, by giving white 
voters something to grasp, was 
more likely to bring peaceful 
change than hostile aggression 
of the confrontation implied 
fc by thoroughgoing sanctions. 

' The. surprise was all the 
greater, therefore, when Dr 
Worrall said that South Africa 
might refuse to pay its debts if 
sanctions put it into an ex- 
treme position. 

That may seem a statement 
of the obvious, since a ban on 
exports would presumably de- 
prive the'country of the where- 
withal .to pay its debts. But Dr 
Worrall made it sound like a 

threat/Debtor countries round 

the .world were waiting for 
someone to create a precedent 
by -reneging, he declared, ana 
. such a step kv would bring down 
9 ihe ■ whole ' world • financial 

system.'’ * : 

Even to a British political 
audience, such a threat was 
badly misjudged. Bui rtdui npt 
takeJong to reach the. bankers. 
That transformed it int0 . 4 
dangerous gaffe — p ne 
perhaps incalculable cons-- 

equences for South Africa- Mr 

Barend • Du Plessis, South 
* Africa's finance minister, was 
obliged- to move swiftly to put 
an entirely different complex- . 

ion on the country’s intentions 

to that crucial audience, bui 
the damage had been done. 

As-it is; South Africa is an 
embarrassment to inter- 

national banks. President 
Botha’s government is not 
awash with debt, but South 
African companies have bor- 
rowed around the world and 
the country depends on credit 
lines to finance its trade. Last 
summer, American banks with 
$4 billion of loans or credit 
lines to South Africa came 
under intense pressure from 
customer lobby groups to 
withdraw. Enough did so to 
create a foreign exchange cri- 
sis, forcing Pretoria to re- 
introduce two-tier exchange 
controls and declare a mora- 
torium on S 14 billion of short" 
term * debts — a startling 
example of private sanctions 
at work. • 

Having created their own 
problem, the banks caused 
themselves more embarrass- 
ment by agreeing to what 
amounted to a rescheduling of 
payments with South Africa in 
order to safeguard their 
money. This was achieved by 
the diplomacy of the senior 
Swiss banker,. Dr - Fritz 
Leutwiler, former president of 
the Bank for International 
Settlements and it was based 
partly on the understanding 
that any financial breathing 
space created would be used 
for political progress in dis- 
mantling apartheid. 

As Mr Du Plessis is at pains 
to point 'oin. South Africa has 
kept to its financial agreement 
It has reduced its borrowings 
and intends to continue doing 
so. The banks have kept trade 
finance flowing. But the fragil- 
ity of this situation was under- 
lined ' yesterday when Dr 
Leutwiler chose, apparently by 
coincidence, to announce that 
he was withdrawing from ms 
role as mediator beaiuse lie 
believes South Africa has 
made insufficient political- 
progress. . 

it remains to be seen 
whether that will have- any 

immediate effect. A review (rf 

South Africa's economy was 
due in September, while the 

next full negotiations are not 
due until next summer. Bank- 
ers know that refusing to pay is 
always the last desperate op- 
tion to which a central bank 
can turn if aH else fails. But Dr 
Worrall has unwittingly 
emphasized the risks that the 
banks are running, thereby 
weakening the commercial 
argument against calls to with- 
draw loans and making it 
harder- to maintain financial 

The suggestion that South 
Africa could bring the world 
banking system down by 
reneging looks a profound 
miscalculation. A year ago, big 
debtor countries in Latin 
America, feeling the worst of 
the pains of readjustment, 
might well have been tempted 
to follow if South Africa had 
been the first lemming over 
the cliff. But that moment 
appears, to have passed. 
Progress in adjustment, bank 
flexibility and the Baker plan 
have all shifted the balance of 
advantage towards maintain- 
ing confidence for the future. If 
anything, bankers now have an 
interest in taking a tougher line 
on South Africa, since special 
treatment there would be 
seized upon as a precedent by 
such troubled debtors as Ni- 
geria — whereas South Africa is 
perhaps the. only debtor coun- 
try against whom harsh retali- 
ation would ‘arouse no 

South -Africa's, financial 
difficulties are essentially- the. 
result of a political run on its 
currency rather than an im- 
balance of trade or excessive 
borrowing. Because.ihe coun- 
try plays a disproportionate 
role in Africa's trade. British 
banks active'm.lhe continent, 
as well as more recent German 
participants, have much to 
lose. The global calculations 
are, however, quite- different 
from those in the general debt 
crisis. South Africa needs the 
goodwill of the banks more 
than the banks need South 



Stricter curb on 

Hospital economy 

From Mr Peter Ring 
Sir. During the month or August it 
is proposed that the theatre I use at 
Dorking Hospital should close, 
ostensibly to save money, al- 
though none of the administrators 
can identify what, if any, savings 
might occur. 

For four weeks some of the 
nursing staff both my house 
surgeons, the consultant 
anaesthetist with whom 1 .work 
and I wHi btTpaki to do nothing; 
the theatre will stand idle, the 
wards half-empty and some 40 
patients who are heavily disabled 
with arthritic changes in their hip 
joints will remain untreated in 
addition to many with lesser 
afflictions. With a waiting list of 
some 2S0 similarly disabled pa- 
tients I feel I must protest 
The Griffiths report envisaged a 
commercial style of management 
but in business, customers who are 
dissatisfied can go elsewhere. My 
patients cannot and are forced to 
wail at home in the hope that 
somebody will speak up on their 

Yours faithfully, 


Joint Replacement Unit 
Dorking General Hospital, 
Horsham Road. Dorking, Surrey. 
June 25. 

The Blue Riband 

From Mr Ralph Vincent 
Sir. In 1931 1 crossed the Atlantic 
in the ss Bristol City, of Bristol a 
ship of 2.858 tons gross, laden 
with a cargo of china c(ay. 

On July 12 1 made this entry in 
my Diary: 

A good day. the ship doing about 10 
knots. After dinner smoke appeared 
on the horizon, then a packet of 
funnels: very soon the Mauretania 
hove in sight. She passed us like a 
racehorse about five miles off the 
starboard beam. Soon out of sight. 

Such were the ships which held 
the Blue Riband. Without 
denigrating the wonderful crossing 
of Virgin Atlantic Challenger II 
and the courage of her crew, we are 
just not comparing like with like. 
Yours faithfully, 


Dutch House. 

31 Ridgeway, Hutton Mount. 
Brentwood. Essex. 

UGC evaluation under attack 

From Dr David V. Foster 
Sir. TTie introduction of the Road 
Safely Act, nearly 20 years ago. 
marked the end of. an era. An 
important change was that experts 
and professional witnesses such as 
myself were, to a very large extent, 
taken out of the arena of legal 
conflict in drink-drive cases. 

My experience and statistical 
evidence showed that the results 
of blood and urine analysis, 
coupled with expert and pro- 
fessional opinions, had a minimal 
effect on the outcome of such 
cases prior to 1967. 

1 welcomed most warmly the 
Road Safety Act. The blood and 
urine tests conducted by indepen- 
dent forensic scientists, coupled 
with the procedural safeguards, 
ensured that the chance of an 
innocent motorist being convicted 
was indeed beyond all reasonable 

We should have serious quahns 
about reintroducing the opinions 
of experts in this field in regard to 
back-caJcuJation (report. June 27). 
The clear-cut case merges so 
imperceptibly with the blurred 
case as to be a positive menace to 
clear and accurate thinking. 

May I draw attention to the 
HMSO publication. Report on 
Alcohol Measuring Instruments. 
in which were the words of Sir 
William Paton. FRS. in his letter 
to the Home Secretary: 

I incline to think that lowering the 
limit (from SOmg Mood to SOmg. 
say) might be a more straightforward 
next step than trying to combine a 
revision of the penalty structure. 
Before such steps are taken. I would 
hope that the problem of “unjusti- 
fied non- prosecution” as well as that 
of “unjust prosecutions*' is debated 
more fully. 

Lowering the legal limit in line 
with perceived public opinion is of 
very great importance. Back- 
calculation is a difficult and 
fraught issue and while it is being 
discussed the major matter, lower- 
ing the limit, ought to have much 
greater predominance. 

Yours faithfully, 


56 Elmbridge Avenue, 

Tolwonh. Surrey. 

From Professor Emeritus Bernard 

Sir. David Walker’s otherwise 
most thoughtful and incisive arti- 
cle (June 20) on the threat to part- 
time higher degree studies as 
embodira in Biricbeck College is 
unhappily misleading in. one re- 
spect. He speculates that one of 
the background factors might have 
been that by the University Grants 
Committee’s recent assessment 
“five of IBirkbeck'sl subject areas 
rank as below average, four are 
average and two better than 

That seems to me. in any case, 
not far below average: but the 
UGCs assessment related only to 
research: it specifically disclaimed 
any ability or intent to assess 

Publishing research 4 assess- 
ments. on undisclosed criteria, to 
explain the ups and downs of 
grants has caused trouble enough 
in universities, since they will be 
used internally to raise up some 
departments and cast down others 
irrespective of the demand for 
subject and the value of the 
education offered (why most par- 
ents. after all. want their children 
to go to university): but it would 
be stupid philistinism indeed ij 
they were applied to an institution 
which, as I know from experience, 
has some excellent areas of re- 
search but none the less was 
founded to teach adults by night 
and finds its continuing and 
unique purpose in doing that at 
the highest levels. 

How sad if readers were led to 
think that Birkbeck’s great teach- 
ing reputation stands condemned. 
That is not so. It has simply and 
recklessly been ignored. 

I wonder, also, if David Walker 
is right to see this simply as part of 
the “government assault on higher 
education generally”? There has 
been such an assault, indeed, but 
the odd and unexplained thing 
about the threat to Birkbeck is that 
the encouragement of second- 
chance and self-help for mature 
evening students, who are serious, 
hardworking and. moreover, pay 
their own fees, is rare but dear 
common ground between the 
thinking of til the major political 

public policy and -the public 

Yours faithfully. 


Nether Libenon House. 

Old Mill Lane. 

Gilmenon Road. Edinburgh. 

the letter i 
25) suggests that the UGC may be 
defective in arithmetical knowl- 
edge. This is not the first time that 
the UGC’s knowledge of 
arithmetic has been challenged. 

Their medical sub-committee 
visited Cambridge in 1982. We 
submined a document to them 
indicating that their previous 
recommendation that the clinical 
school should have “a dispropor- 
tionate cut” when the whole 
university was cut by 5 per cent 
was based on an arithmetical 

Our clinical school at that time 
was accused of being unduly 
expensive. One of the factors 
taken into account is the cost per 
student and in broad terms this is 
based on the money paid by the 
UGC each year divided by the 
total number of students. If the 
course were three years, the figure 
is divided by three: since our 
course is two years and three 
months, the divisor is smaller and 
the cost inevitably comes out 

We presented them with a paper 
showing that if the cost per year 
were divided by the number of 
doctors turned out per year, the 
Cambridge clinical school was 
halfway down the cost league. 

As a result, the clinical school 
took an initial 12 per cut, later 
reduced to 8 per cent. Most of that 
cut was inflicted on the Depart- 
ment of Medicine (three lecturer 
posts suppressed). Now the UGC 
assessment of universities states 

that they are disappointed with 
)f the 


I have no love for this Govern- 
ment, but the blame more likely 
lies with the priorities of the UGC 
Some vice>chancel]ors must still 
think that teaching adult part-time 
students is below the salt, a matter, 
for the polytechnics or for “dis- 
tance learning” in the Open 

University, and are desperate to 

defend their own at any cost, 
whom they rigidly conceive as the 

I hope the Secretary of Slate can 
find some way of protecting 
Birkbeck against, what I suspert to 
be academic traditionalism 
unthinkingly exercised against 

the achievements of 
school in Cambridge. ■ 

In 20-odd years the Department 
of Medicine alone has turned out 
19 students with PhD degrees. I 
wonder how many other clinical 
departments of medicine have 
exceeded this. In addition we have 
provided one professor of medi- 
cine and the head of physiology in 
another university. 

One wonders how much faith to 
have in the recent UGCs assess- 
ments of university departments; 
but the axe is felling all the same. 
Yours faithfully, 


University of Cambridge Clinical 

Department of Medicine, 

Level 5, 

Addenbrooke's Hospital. 

Hills Road, Cambridge- 

All together now? 

From Dr Nicholas Penny 
Sir. On Tuesday. July 15, the 
trustees of the Fitzwilliam Settle- 
ment will sell at Christie’s four 
statues of goddesses by Joseph 
Nollekens. In a learned contribu- 
tion to the catalogue John Ken- 
worth y-Browne stresses the 
historical interest of these works, 
which are among the most beauti- 
ful and earliest neo-classical gal- 
lery sculptures in Europe. 

Cricket decline 

From Mr M. P. Matthews 
Sir. We are now, I believe, the only 
school in ILEA who attempt to 
play inter-school afternoon and 
weekend cricket for the fell age 

Recent years have seen a steady 
decline in the number of possible 
opponents so that we are cow 
unable to fill a fixture list for our 
1st XL In addition the general 
lowering of standards makes even 
cricket for the younger age groups 
unattractive with all but a few of 
the maintained schools. 

Sadly I can foresee the death of 
cricket at a school where there are 
boys clamouring to play the game 
and staff willing to coach and run 
sides properly because the author- 
ity will not provide pitches that 
are safe to use. We are already 
forced to play all our 1st XI 
matches as “away” fixtures. 

Yours faithfully. 


The London Oratory School. 

Sea grave Road, SW6. 

What no one seems to have 
noticed, however, is that three of 
the statues form a group. The nude 
Venus removes her sandal. Juno 
rather reluctantly unwinds her 
drapery, and Minerva raises her 
helmet, each with her eyes on a 
dazzled mortal male. 

An inventory of the furnishings 
of the second Marquess of 
Rockingham's house in Grosve- 
nor Square (among the Went- 
worth Woodhouse muniments 
deposited in Sheffield- Central 
Library) reveals that they were 
originally displayed in a ground- 
floor room, together with an 
“antique marble figure" of Paris, 
all on mahogany pedestals. It must 
have been the need to make sense 
of the classical statue which 
stimulated this unprecedented 

The Director of the Walker Art 
Gallery in Liverpool has suggested 
that a statue to be sold at Christie's 
on July 16, in a sale of fine 
antiquities, is this statue of Paris. 
It is earnestly to be hoped that the 
four statues can be acquired for a 
public collection in this country so 
that this group - the most 
ambitious and impressive nar- 
rative group of its kind ever 
attempted by an English sculptor 
— can be recreated. 

Yours faithfully, 


The Ash mo lean Museum. 

Department of Western Art 

From Professor IvorH. Mills 
Sir, The Chairman of the Univer- 
sity Grants Committee has been 
reported (June 21) as accusing 
Birkbeck College of being unable 

to do simple arithmetic. However, 
* from Lord Flowers (June 


JULY 4 1859 

The Times was in no doubt. 10 
days after the bloody battle of 
Salfer.ino. as to the decisive factors' 
in the Austrian defeat, and the 
lessons to be learned by our 
Government from it This extract 
is taken from a leading article. 

A Swiss humanitarian, Jean 
Henri Duncmt (1828-1910) later 
proposed the formation of 
voluntary relief services in all . 
countries for the wounded; this led 
in 1864 to the founding of the Red. 
Cross, for which in 1901 he (with 
Frederic Pasty) was awarded the n 
first Nobel peace prize. 

[the battle of! 

This Battle of Solferino Olus 
crates upon a great scale the 
character of the two antagonists. 
Its phases and its (acts are aJf 
recorded. Its indelible picture .is 
graven upon all our minds. Aided 
by the experience of correspon- 
dents in either camp • thos£ 
heralds of sacred ana peaceful 
mission - we have followed the 
Austrian Emperor to and from the 

fight, and the French Emperor 
throughout his advance. We havel 
twice seen the field from the “Spy 
of Italy”, and have surveyed it 
alternately through French and 
Austrian glasses. Today the Battle 
of Solferino takes its place in 
history the shape in which it wiU 
be known for evermore. It was a 
great and sanguinary battle, fierce- 
ly contested by nearly 400,000 men 
from sunrise to sunset of a summer 
day; and it was a battle in whichj 
the Austrians were defeated, but 
not broken, by an enemy inferior in 
numbers but superior in intelli- 
gence and arms. While the mind of] 
Europe is yet excited by the details 
of this mighty carnage, and is^ 
growing familiar with the events off 
the battle, it is time for us to point 1 
the moral of the catastrophe . - ■ 

In this very engagement, accord- 
ing to the official accounts of each 
army, the Austrians killed and 
wounded 12,000 Frenchmen, with 
a loss to themselves of but 9JHXH 
killed and wounded. There couldj 
have been no flight when the the 
numbers stand thus at the end oft 
the day. Nor are the Austrians 
inferior as marksmen. Their Rifle- 
men hit 720 French officers,; 
whereof 120 were shot dead, while 
the French succeeded in killing and 
wounding only 230 of the Austrian 
officers. They certainly are not 
inferior to the French in disci : J 
pline- Their vis inertias is magnif- 
icent, and they retreat invariably 
with a bold, steady front, to the foe: 
Why is it, then, that they who can 
lose so valiantly can never win?- 
Because, unfortunately for them, 
present knowledge is present pow- 
er, and their knowledge is not of 
the present, but of the past They, 
are a stagnating respectability. 
They are governed and directed hy- 
oid rules, old men, and old routine. 
They have an enemy who does. not 
care a centime for antiquity, and is-) 
not above taking the most irregular 
methods to win a victory. The 
Emperor of AUSTRIA makes up 
his mind to do a remarkably fine 
strategy. He executes an elaborate 
piece of old-fashioned deception, 
crossing the Mineio with his whole 
force, and then recrossing it witlfj; 
his two hundred thousand men, 
and fixing the contemplated sur- 
prise of the enemy at 9 o'clock in 
the morning. The Emperor of thej 
FRENCH, representing the juve- 
nile irregular school in the most 
iin gunrlpmnnlikp manner refuses to 
be surprised. 

Having recourse to a new- 
fangled expedient which no trust- 
worthy veteran who can count his- 
seventy years would condescend to 
use, he sends a man up in a balloon; 
and. at the expense of a few yards 
of silk and a few square feet of gas, 
is (old the exact position of all 
those masses which are drawn up 
so scientifically out of his sight 
with the intention of surprising' 
him at the comfortable, leisurely ' 
hour, of 9 am. The man of his time 
- the clever, active, shrewd, noth-’ 
mg-condemning adventurer of the 
nineteenth century, by dint of this 
small contrivance, becomes master 
of the position. He knows what is. 
going to happen and where his * ' 
enemy is, and how many he is; and 
while the heavy, self-complacent 
Austrian, is chuckling at the formal . - 
surprise that is to come off at g* . 
a-m- he attacks at daybreak, . 
chooses his own time and point of' ' 
attack, and remains master of the 
field - 

Penal shortcomings 

Milkman’s hazards Uniform discomfort 

From Mr J. Pearson 
Sir. May I reassure Captain 
Douds, RN (June 25) that milk- 
men have no problems. They 
work in the small hours, and their 
vehicles (left or right hand drive 
does not matter) have open sides; 
the milkman dismounts quite 
happily from either side of his 

I should know: many years ago I 
did that very job — and never was I 

Yours truly. 


35 Granville Road, 

Colchester. Essex. 


From Mr John Tibiier 
Sir, On several visits to the theatre 
recently we have always noticed 
the hold-ups in attempting to take 
our seats by people queuing to 
purchase programmes. 

Surely, when purchasing tickets, 
one could be asked if a programme 
is required. If purchasing the 
tickets from an agency, the vendor 
could issue a voucher exchange- 
able in the theatre for the pro- 

Yours faithfully. 


26 Winchfield Dose. 


Harrow. Middlesex. 

From .Mr A. J. Ougham 
Sir. On June 29, with tem- 
peratures approaching 30‘C. 
Prince Andrew expressed concern 
about his comfort during the 
wedding, for which he is required 
to wear uniform, if July 23 should 
be anything like as hot (report. 
June 30). 

I am sure he speaks for the large 
number of men who have had 
what should have been enjoyable 
occasions ruined by the conven- 
tion that decrees uncomfortable 
-formal” .clothes, while the 
women remained cod and 

Even the ordinary “business 
suit” must have an adverse effect 
on health and woriting efficiency 
in high temperatures, yet the 
fashion has now spread to the 
people of tropical lands whose 
ancestors had the sense to dress for 
their climate. 

Is it too much to hope that the 
world’s political leaders will set a 
better example next time they 
hold a “summit” in the heal of 
summer? If they felt more 
comfortable they might even start 
to agree! 

Yours faithfully. 


35 Church Street 

.Ashford. Rent 

From Lord Hunt 
Sir. Everyone who is concerned 
about penal policy in the United 
Kingdom and the quality of 
British justice will welcome the 
initiative of the Justices' Clerks 

country in western Europe: the 
number of youth, custody orders; > 
available to magistrates under ih£ ' 
provisions of the Criminal Justice ; 
Act 1982. is running at more than * 

30.000 a year. Youth custody 

Society in calling for a sentencing 

commission under the Lord Chie 
Justice (report June 23). 

This country has good cause to 
be proud of its judicial system, 
which has provided a model for 
many other countries; nor would 
any fair-minded person question 
the integrity and high standards of 
magistrates' courts. None the less, 
a sample of 600 petty sessions has 
shown that there is a divergence in 
sentencing of young males to 
custody between 6.1 per cent in 
one part of the country and 29.4 
per cent in another. Wide dif- 
ferences exist even between 
neighbouring courts, which can- 
not be convincingly explained by 
differences in local circumstances. 

The recent guidance issued by 
the Home Office, The Sentence of 
the Court, was a useful step in the 
desired direction: but there is a 
strong case for further initiatives 
than have been taken so far. 
which, while respecting the basic 
principle of the independence of 
the judiciary, will achieve greater 
consistency in sentencing. 

There is a further point. Britain 
has no cause to be proud of the 
fact that as a percentage of the 
population more offenders are 
sent to prison than' any other 

centres are full and a number of 
young offenders receiving this *- 
sentence are having to serve it in" 
the more rigorous and less’^; 
constructive conditions of deten-r” 
lion centres. 

There is a most urgent need to * 
encourage magistrates to make- 
greater use of a range of non- ; 
custodial sentences available to- 
them which are. to say the least, no, . 
less effective in the gre at majority » 
of cases and cost the taxpayer a.:, 
great deal less money. 

Yours truly. 


Highway Cottage. Aston. 
Henley-on-Thames. Oxfordshire-. 

Sale of the century 

From the Rev W. FLA. Hussey 
Sir. Mr Tiley (June 27) should' 
consider himself lucky, in his v , 
seeking a birthday card pre-" 
printed for 100. 1 searched quite a.! 
while in one part of this county; 
(known for longevity) to find even - 
one card. Most stopped at the 8 Si£i 

What was I to do? Buy two for 
a 50th birthday, or add a 15tlf" 

birthday greeting to one of 85? 
i faithfiilly. 

Yours faithfully. 


Gorran Vicarage, 

St Austell, Cornwall, 

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July 3: The President of the 
Federal Republic of Germany 
and Frcifrau von Weizsacker 
left Paddington Railway Station 
by train this morning to visit 

Their Excellencies were re- 
ceived upon arrival at Cardiff 
Central Station by Her 
„ Majesty's Lord-Lieu tenant for 
■ South Glamorgan {Mrs Susan 

The President of the Federal 
Republic of Germany and 
Freifrau von Weizascker visited 
St David's Hall, the National 
Concert Hall for Wales, where 
their Excellencies viewed the 
Stuttgart glass screen and met 
representatives of Welsh towns 
twinned with German towns. 

Afterwards Their Excellencies 
were entertained at luncheon by 
the Lotd Mayor of Cardiff 
(Councillor David Myfyr Ev- 
.. ansi in Cardiff Castle. 

In the afternoon The Presi- 
dent of the Federal Republic of 

• - Germany and Freifrau von 

Weizsacker visited the Welsh 
Folk Museum (Curator. Mr 
Trevor Owen) at St Fagans. 

His Excellency then visited 
Amersham International pic 

• - and was received by the Presi- 
. ! deni of Amersham International 

(Sir John Hill! and the General 
Manager (Dr Eurof Evans). 

Her Excellency visited 
Pencoed House. Llanilltern and 
was received by Mrs Kenneth 

- Jones. 

The President of the Federal 
_* Republic of Germany and 
Freifrau von Weizsacker later 
“• left Cardiff - Wales Airport in 
' - an aircraft ofTbe Queen's Flight 
for Royal Air Force NortholL 

His Excellency Mr 
G.U.S.Mathabaphiri was re- 

ceived in audience by The 

. Queen and presented the Letters 
of Recall of his predecessor and 
his own Letters of Commission 

- as High Commissioner for Bo- 

- us wan a in London. 

- • His Excellency was accompa- 

nied bv the following members 
. - of the" High Commission who 
had the honour of being pre- 
sented to Her Majesty: Mr OJ. 
•<- Tcbape (Counsellor), Mr L C 

of the Household in Waiting 
were in attendance. 

Mr A lbbotl (Her Majesty's 
Ambassador Extraordinary and 
Plenipotentiary at Monrovia) 
and Mrs Ibbott had the honour 
of being received by The Queen, 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh were entertained at a 
Banquet this evening bv The 
President of the Federal Repub- 
lic of Germany and Freifrau von 
Weizsacker at the Ambassador's 
Residence, 22 Belgrave Square, 

The Duchess of Grafton and 
the Right Hon Sir William 
Heseltine were in attendance. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. Pa- 
tron and Trustee, today at- 
tended Receptions at Si James's 
Palace for young people who 
have reached the Gold Standard 
in The Duke of Edinburgh's 
Award . 

His Royal Highness this after- 
noon ai Buckingham Palace 
presented the 1985 Tribology 
Gold Medal to Professor K. 

The Prince Andrew, President 
of the Photographers’ Gallery, 

this evening opened “The Ani- 
mal in Photography" Exhibition 

at the Photographers' Gallery, 

Lekoa (First Secretary), Miss N 
‘ “ nd Secrei 

.. E Motsomi (Second Secretary), 
MrMGT Mookodi (Education 
Attache) and Miss M S Setlhare 

- (Administrative Attache). 

Sir Patrick Wright (Perma- 

- nent Under-Secretary of State 
' for Foreign and Commonwealth 
. Affairs) who had the honour of 

■ being received by The Queen 
_V. was present and the Gentlemen 

Great Newport Street. WC2. 

The Prince Andrew, 
accompanied by Miss Sarah 
Ferguson, this evening attended 
“The Boater Ball" at the 
Officers' Mess. Chelsea Bar- 
racks. in aid of the Forces Help 
Society and Lord Roberts 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips. Chief Commandant, 
Women’s Royal Naval Service, 
this morning opened the WRNS 
Exhibition at the Fleet Air Arm 
Museum, Yeovil ton, Somerset 

Her Royal Highness travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen’s 
Right and was received by Her 
Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant for 
Somerset (Lieutenant-Colonel 
Walter Luttrell) and the Flag 
Officer Naval Air Command 
(Rear-Admiral L.E. Middleton). 

Mrs Malcolm Wallace was in 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips and Captain Mark Phil- 
lips were entertained at a Ban- 
quet this evening by The 
President of the Federal Repub- 
lic of Germany and Freifrau von 
Weizsacker at the Ambassador's 
Residence, 22 Belgrave Square, 

July 3: The Prince of Wales 
today visited the support group 
leaders of the Five Towns Plus 
Hospice Fund in Castleford, 
Knottingley and South ElmsalL 
West Yorkshire and, in 
Featherstone, met support 

group leaders for the Pontefract, 
Featherstone and Normanton 

His Royal Highness, attended 
by Mr David RoycrofL travelled 
in the Royal Train. 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales were entertained at 
Banquet this evening by The 
President of the Federal Repub- 
lic of Germany and Freifrau von 
Weizsacker at the Ambassador's 
Residence, 22 Belgrave Square, 

July 3: The Duke and Duchess 
of Goucester were entertained at 
a Banquet this evening by the 
President of the Federal Repub- 
licof Germany and Freifrau von 
Weizsacker at the Ambassador's 
Residence, 22 Belgrave Square. 

July 3: The Duke of Kent, Vice- 
Chairman of the British Over- 
seas Trade Board, today visited 
CSC (Specialized Vehicles) Lim- 
ited at Newport PagnelL and 
later presented the Milton 
Kevnes Export Club Export 
Awards for 1986 at Wougbum 
Campus. Milton Keynes. 

Sir Richard Buckley was in 

The Duke and Duchess of 
Kent were entertained at 
Banquet this evening by The 
President of the Federal Repub- 
lic of Germany and Freifrau von 
Weizsacker at the Ambassador’s 
Residence, 22 Belgrave Square, 

July 3: Princess Alexandra, 
President of the Royal Agri- 
cultural Society of England, and 
the Hon Angus Ogilvy this 
morning visited the Royal Show 
at Stoneleigh. 

Her Royal Highness and Mr 
Ogilvy subsequently returned to 
London in an aircraft of 77ie 
Queen's Right. 

Lady Mary Mum ford was in 

Princess Alexandra and the 
Hon Angus Ogilby were enter- 
tained at a Banquet this evening 
by The President of the Federal 
Republic of Germany and 
Freifrau von Weizsacker at the 
Ambassador's Residence, 22 
Belgrave Square, SWI. 

The King of Tonga is 68 today. 
Prince Michael of Kent is 44 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Sir Peter Pears will be 
held in Westminster Abbey at 
noon today. 

A memorial service for Dr 
Humphrey Sutherland will be 
held in Christ Church Cathe- 
dral, Oxford, on Wednesday, 
July 9, 1986, at noon. 


- . HM Government 

Mr Richard Luce, Minister for 
the Arts, was host at a reception 
held at the Government Offices, 
Great George Street, yesterday 
j for the cultural auachts of the 
European Economic Coramu- 
'■ nity to mark the commence- 
mem of the United Kingdom's 
Presidency of the community 

- from July I. 

Lord Mayor of Westminster 
' The Lord Mayor of West- 
M minster gave a reception at City 
- Hall yesterday for members of 
* the Magistrates’ Association. 

-- British Academy 

t. Sir Randolph Quirk, President 

- • of the British Academy, re- 
^ ceived the guests at a reception 

held last night at the Banqueting 
. * House after the academy's an- 
£ nual meeting. 

Blacksmiths' Company, pre- 
sided at a luncheon held at 
Innholders' Hall yesterday. 
Among the guests were Lord 
Auckland, the Master of the 
Joiners and Ceilers' Company 
and the Master of the 
Fanmakers' Company. 

Law Society 

Sir Alan Leslie, President of the 
Law Society, presided at a 
luncheon held at 60 Carey Street 
yesterday. Among those present 

Sir Edward Eveietah. Mr ***<2 
Boyd pH. QC. Mr R F A Cooke. Mr 
Michael T Hague. Mr J Clfford 
Cordon. Mr George B (nan*. Mr David 
Snoxail. Mr John WtcKeraon. . Mr 
David Ward. Mr John Bowron and Mr 
Waller Merrick*. 


Botchers* Company 
Mr David l- Franks, Master of 
^ the Butchers' Company, pre- 
sided at a luncheon held at 
2- Buchers' Hall yesterday. Mr 
• Alan J. Mills and Sir Roy 
Griffiths also spoke. Among the 
- guests were the Masters of the 
Grocers’. Bakers' and Saddlers* 
.? Companies, 
r Blacksmiths' Company 
’» Wing Commander V.S.W. 
* Smyth, Prime Warden of the 

Institution of Mechanical 

Professor Bernard Crossland, 
President of the Institution of 
Mechanical Engineers, was host 
at a luncheon held at the 
Athenaeum Club yesterday in 
honour of Professor KJ_ 

Royal Automobile Club 
Mr Jeffrey Rose, chairman, 
presided at the annual luncheon 
for the senior hundred members 
of the Royal Automobile Cub 
which was held in the clubhouse 
in Pall Mall on July 2. Major- 
General John Sheffield, who 
joined the RAC in 193), re- 
sponded to the toast to the 
senior hundred, proposed by Mr 

Birthdays today 

Lord Barber, 66; Mr Alec and 
Mr Eric Bedser, 68; Sir Ronald 
Garvey. 83; Canon RJ. Ham- 
mer, 66; Lord Hankey, 8k Mr 
Roy Henderson. 87: Miss Gina 
LoUobrigida, 59; Mr Justice 
Reeve, 71; Miss Pam Shriver, 24; 
Mr Nell Simon, 59: Sir Michael 
Stoker, 68; the Right Rev AJ. 
Trilk). 71; Mr Colinwelland, 52; 
Sir Woodrow Wyatt 68. 



The Speaker gave a dinner in 

Speaker's House yesterday eve- 

ning in honour of a par- 
liamentary delegation from 
Czechoslovakia. The Ambas- 
sador of Czechoslovakia was 
present Other guests were: 

Mr Gerald Kaufman. MP. Mr Oerald 
Bowden. MP. Mr Peter Brutnvels. 

MP. Mr^ChrWojihB^CIwpe. MP. Mr 

Davtd Crouch. MP. Mr Edward 
Garrett. MP. Mr Sbnwi Hughes. MP. 

Mr Rofcert MCTaggan. MP. Or John 

Mr An low Marlow. MP. 

Marek. MP. Mr . 

the Hoa Peter Morrison. MP. Mr 
James Pawsop. MP. Mr Ernest 
Roberta. MP. Mr John Stotoes. MP. Mr 
Peter Temple-Morris. MP. Mr NeO 
Thome. MP. Mr Gary Waller. MP. Mr 
Jerry Wlggta. " MP. Mia 
Anson. Canon Trevor Beeson. 

Peter Shaw. Mr Zdenek Vanicedk and 

William Beaumont. 

Judges retire 

Judge Sfeeman and J 
Dunboyne have retired 
circuit bench on the 
eastern Circuit Judge McLellan 
has retired from the circuit 
bench on the Western Circuit 

m the 


French furniture prices soar 

By Geraldine NonnartSale Room Correspondent 

Prices for French furniture same way, sellin g for £70,200 he was unemployed in the 

(estimate £25,000 to £35J)0Q). 

went through the roof at 
Christie's yesterday. Veneered 
in rare woods and encrusted 
with ormolu, it is the grandest 
furniture ever made but clients 
for such expensive products 
are very choosy and most 
auctions contain a mix of high 
prices and expensive failures. 

Yesterday only three per 
cent was left unsold with a 
total of £1,769.202, and there 
was keen bidding on almost 

The most: startling prices 
were for qmrky and original 
designs. A Louis XYHJ ormo- 
lu gueridon with a porphyry 
top sold for £97,200 (estimate 
£15,000 to £20,000) with 
quantities of private buyers 
competing. Acanthus leaves 
and pineapples feature in the 
scrolling ormolu base. 

A Russian ormolu-mounted 
mahogany and satinwood cen- 
tre table was pounced on in the 

Ormolu-mounted porcelain 
was very much 'in' 1 with a 
garniture of three blade Chi- 
nese vases frith handsome 
mounts at £48,600 (estimate 
£15,000 to £20,000) and a 
mounted celadon bowl at 
£29,160 (estimate £3,000 to 
£4,000). Both had the added 
tour of coming from the 
ewood family. 

The Duke of Bocdench's 
name gave a similar boost to a 
Louis XV ldngwood commode 
which brought £124200 (esti- 
mate £60,000 to £80,000). 

At Sotheby's the first naval 
Victoria Cross seen at auction 
secured £31,900 (estimate 
£24,000 to £26,000). It was 
won by Seaman 
J-J.Magennis, a diver, for 
attaching charges to a Japa- 
nese ship and sinking it ■ 
The only Ulsterman to win a 
VC in the Second World War, 

bleak postwar years aid sold 
his medal, saying; 1 * What is 
the use of a medal when you 
need money for your family to 
live?” A wellwisher bought it 
for £75 and returned it to him 
on condition that he would not 
seif ft m his lifetime. 

The morning sale of sculp- 
ture and works of art from the 
collection formed by Tom 
Bora at Rons Leach made 
£288,002 with 7 per cent 
unsold. The two days of sales 
devoted to his collection have 
totalled £2,085,655- 

The star turn was a 
lim ewood relief carving of 
Queen Anne set among flow- 
ers and fruit, by Grinling 
Gibbons or his workshop, 
which made £20,900 (estimate 
£15,000 to £20JKM>). The af- 
ternoon works of arf sale 
included a rare German bronze 
agna manil e of the early , fif- 
teenth century at £44,000 - 



Mr M.G. Hardinghm 

and Miss TJV. Macfcworth- 

The engagement is announced 
between Michael, youngest son 
of Major and Mis M-L. 
Hardingham, of East Harting, 
West Sussex, and Tessa, youn- 
gest daughter of the late Mr 
G.W. Mackworth-Young and 
Lady Eve Mackwonh-Young, of 
Fisherton de la Mere, Wylye, 

MrJJX Barber 
and Miss BJVL Walsh 
The engagement is announced 
between John Damian, elder 
son of Mr and Mis H. Barber, of 
Wakefield, Yorkshire, and 
Bernadette, (laughter of Dr and 
Mrs R. Walsh, of East Ardsley, 

Mr G J.K. Benson 
and Miss H.M. Banting 
The engagement is announced 
between George, son of Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel and Mrs J.E. Ben- 
son, of Chesters, Humsbaugh, 
Hexham. Northumberland, and 
Harriet Mary, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Roger Bunting, ofTbe 
Grove Farm, Kimbolton, 

Mr A.B. Carter 
and MissN-L. Potter 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, son of Mr and 
Mrs Brian Carter, of Kirk Ella. 
Hull, and Nicola, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Brian Potter, of 
Kowloon, Hong Kong. 

Mr U. Dowiey 
and Miss EX. Lampard 
The engagement is announced 
between Justin, son of Mr and 
Mrs Laurence Dowiey, of Great 
Bowden, Leicestershire, and 
Emma, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Martin Lampard, of Theberton, 

Mr J J. van D. Edwards 
and Miss VA. Crawford 
The engagement is announced 
between Julian John van 
Dedem, only son of Mr and Mrs 
GJ. van D. Edwards, of 
Ballakillingan House; Lezayre, 
Isle of Man, and Virginia 
Anson, eldest daughter of Mr 
and Mrs John A. Crawford, of 
Kerrowmoar West, Lezayre, Isle 
of Man. 

Mr WX Faber 

and Fran H. Fehrl-Gnidzienski 
The engagement is announced 
between William Erik, elder son 
of Mr and Mrs J.G Faber, Stable 
House, Funtington, Chichester, 
also of Hong Kong, and Heidi, 
only daughter of Herr Fritz 
Gustav Fehrl and Frau 
Lieselotie Fehrl, Keiselgrond 
23, Salzgitter, West Germany. 
The marriage will take place in 
Tuscany on September 1. 

Mr T.Q. Holmes 
and Miss JJRL Bruton 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy, youngest son 
of Commander and Mrs JJ5. 
Holmes, of Fishguard, Wales, 
and Jill, younger daughter of Mr 
and Mrs D.H. Bruton, of 
Chingford, London. 

Mr J.R. Hornby 
and Miss AX Mac Sweeney 
The engagement is announced 
between Roger, son of Mr and 
Mrs J. A. Hornby, of Widnes, 
Cheshire, and Finola, daughter 
of the late Professor and Mrs J. 
J. Mac Sweeney, of Welwyn, 

Mr PJJ. Kenned y 

and Miss &M. Niefd 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, son of Mr and 
Mrs Joseph Kennedy, of 
HeswalL Wtrral, and Susan, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs John 
Nield, of Thornton Hough, 

Mr RJP. Moon 

and Miss AJVL Chacon-Anoott 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, son of Mr and 
Mrs A.H. Moon, of Goudhurst, 
Kent, and Aveni, daughter of 
Mr R. Aucott, of Sidlesham, 
West Sussex, and Mrs D.M. 
Oake s. _ of Portsmouth, 
Mr D. Reardon 
and Miss SJ. Kennedy 
The engagement is announced 
between Daniel, son of Mr and 
Mrs Daniel E. Reardon Sr. of 
Glastonbury, Connecticut, and 
Sarah, daughter of Colonel and 
Mrs W.CA. Kennedy, of 
Wim borne Minster, Dorset 

Mr DX Shaw 
and Dr LG Brown 
The engagement is announced 
between David, son of Mr and 
Mrs RJ. Shaw, of Coombe 
Bank. Kingston-upon-Thames. 
and Lesley, daughter of Mr 
A.D.T. Brown and the late Mrs 
GT. Brown, of Liberton, 

Mr N J. Vidovich 
and Miss J.M. Mills 
The engagement is announced 
between Nick, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs J.A. Vidovich. of 
Cupertino. California, and Julia, 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs D. 
Mills, of Ridge, Dorset. 

Mr WJf. Wedlake 
and Miss F-K- Bowes 
The engagement is announced 
between William John, only son 
of Mr and Mrs William John 
Wedlake, of South Zeal, Devon, 
and Elizabeth Kessick, only 
daughter of the late Mr and Mrs 
Brian Kessick Bowes, of Maid- 
stone, Kent 

Mr F.M. Willis 
and Miss HM. Faulkner 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael, elder son of 
Dr F.P. Willis and the late Mrs 
Willis, of The Folly, Stillington, 
York, and Rosalinda, elder 
daughter of Commander and 
Mrs William Faulkner, of 
Falconswood, Petersfield, 


Mr P.GGodsal 
and Mrs S, Baber 
The marriage took place in 
London on July 2 of Mr Philip 
Godsal, of Iscoyd Park, 
Whitchurch, and Mrs Selina 
Baber, of Walpole, Suffolk. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and hi Memoriam 

£4 i Kh + IS* VAT 

(minimum 3 lines) 

Announcements, authenticated by the 
of the 

name and p er m an ent address 
sender, may be sent lo: 

PO BOX 484 
Virginia Street 

or idcphcnm) (by telephone 
abets only) lex SMStSW 


Announcements on be received by 
n and 

telephone between 4.00am 
SJCIpm Monday lo Friday, on Satur- 

day bcwccn 1.00am 

oay DC 

SO Brill. ForpuHicalion 
day phone by IJOpm. 


rarracmiffi mabhaees, weduks 

ck on Conn and Socol Page tt • Baa 
+ (sc war. 

Court and Social Page announce- 

ments can not be accepted by 
telephone. Enquiries la 01-122 5553 
(after 1 0.30am). or send ta 
1, Hi ‘ajtan SM, Laafaa El. 

Plcax allow at least 48 boon before 

TTktc Is hone lor Mur luhir. says aw 

jnvntfahSI 17 OISVI . 


DAVIS. On 30th June to Sally and 
James, a daughter Clare Jane, a sis- 
ter for Andrew. Nicola and Sarah. 

HOWES On June 29th 1986. at West 
London HosplliiL to NIKI and dirts, a 
daughter Tanya, a sister for Olivia. 

KEBJLSt On June 29th. h» Victoria 
(nee Ogden) and Angus, a daughter. 
Honor Jade 

MBKIBSS-On July isL atst. Luke’s. 
Guildford to Mari and Amur, a son. 

KH.GQW On 30th June at Princess 
Margaret Hospital. Swindon to Car- 
ole mee Regan) and Captain Gavin 
KUgour. R-A~ a sdn. Matthew 

NEWTH On July 1st. 2986 at 
Famborough Hospital. Kent lo 
Frances (nee Shine) and Simon, a 
daughter. Juliet Sarah, a sister for 

ROBtNSOM On June 23rd- ta Fiona 
urie Webber) and David, a son Pat- 
rick Rupert Wills, 

SCRATCHED On 22nd June at Prin- 
cess Mary Maternity Hospital. 
NeweasUe-upon-Tyne. ta Patricia 

info RawcUffp) and Jeremy, a son. 
George Edward 

SKUTTLEWORTM - To Annie (nee 
Oooke-H urle) and Hugh, on 27th 
June, a son. Rupert Hugh Ashton, a 
brother lor Patrick. 

SWAM • On July 2nd. at St Teresa's 
Wimbledon, to Judith (nee Bernal) 
and Colin, a daughter. Clara Alexan- 
dra. a stater for Henrietta. 

SWIFT - On June 26th. In Queen 
C harkrttaS Hospital, to Sandy and 
Chris, a daughter Freya Jane, a sister 
for Tracey. Douglas and Alexandra. 

WATTS • On July 2nd to Clarissa info 
Marston) and David, a son. Hugo 
James Patrick, a brother for Lucinda 
and Annabel. 

WEAVER ■ in Edinburgh mi JiAy 2nd. 
to Giles and Rosamund f nfo 
May hew), a second son. Jack, to iota 
Flora. Freddy and Johanna. 


ROSTOCK Elizabeth - On June 30th at 
home. 17 Fort Road. GufldforcL aged 
93. Our darHng Mum. Gran and 
great Gran. Cremation at Guildford 
Crematorium. 12 noon on Wednes- 
day. July 9U). Close family only If 
free to come. Please no (towers. 
Thanksgiving celebration for mends 
and rel ations to be ar r a ng e d later. 
CURREY Nina (nfo Robson) - Peaceful- 
ly on July 3rd. Ui her 97th year. 
Widow of Cedric Osmond and moth- 
er of Doreen. Audrey and Joyce. 
CURRIE - On July 3rd at the Brampton 
Hospital. London. James of 
Cambertay. Surrey. Beloved hus- 
band of Joan, loving footer or Jamie 
and WSDam. Funeral Service at St 
Andrew's Garrison Church. Aider- 
shot on Monday. July 7th at 
am and thereafter to the Park Cre- 
matorium. Aldershot. No flowers 
please but donations, if desired, to 
Cancer Research. 

FOULCER Beatrice (Betty). M.BX. At 
Thurteslone. Devon on Wednesday. 
July 2nd. aged 78- widow of b. e_ 
Foulger. CJMLG. Colore al Ponce. Fu- 
neral. Thurteslone Church. Monday. 
July 7th ai 2.30 pm. Family Rowers 
onty bui donations. If desired, to The 
Parkinsons Disease Society. 36 Port- 
land Pla ce. London WIN 3DG. 
FMMZERO - On June 29th. 1986 at 
his home ta Gobham. Surrey. Count 
Carlo Maria Franaere, author and 
JournaJisL aged 9d. The Funeral Ser- 
vice will be heM at Randalls Part; 
Crematorium. Lealherhead on Tues- 
day. July 8th ai 11.00 am. Flowers 
may be sent to James & Thomas LUL 
Funeral Directors, MID Road. 

G05SAGE On July 2nd. peacefully 
with his daughters at The Ow vicar- 
age. icideton. Saffron Waicten. Alan 
Win wood. Ueuienani-Coione! OReuu 
R AJ3.C. East Lancashire RegtmenL 
husband of the late Dingle, father of 
Elizabeth and pmetope and much 
Imed grandpa of MIchaeL Catherine. 
RacheL Vanessa. Giles and Jessica. 
Funeral service to be held at Redding 
Crematorium on Th ursttey July lOtti 
ai 1 2.30 pm. Family flowers only bid 
donations may be sent to the Marie 
Curie Foundation. 

LANG-STEVENSON - On 30th June. 
Douglas Lang^Stevenson. F_H.CS. 
(ECU. Hon. FJI.CS. (LojvX Senior 
Surgeon Whipps Cross Hospital 
1978. After a long and painful Ill- 
ness. borne with Inspiring courage, 
sparing his loved ones of a share of 
Ms suffering: as always an example 
to us. Much beloved husband of Jo. 
foUier of Penny and Andrew, father 
ta law of James and Sue and adored 
grandfather of Sophie. Spencer. 
Katie and James. Funeral service al 
Christ Church. Wanstead. Ell, a 3 
pm Monday 7th July. FamQy [Towers 
only. Donations If desired lo Christ 

LEmutD - On June 30th. suddenly ta 
USA. aged 41 years. Nicholas 
Leppard. F.Cjl, A.H.CXMA. Much 
loved husband of Carole and father 
of Dominique. Funeral Service. St 
Columbas Church of Scotland. Pool 
Street SWi on Tuesday. July 8th at 
11-30 am. Burial ta Lymhngton, 
Hants on Wednesday. July 9th at 12 
noon. All flowers and enquiries 
please to J. H. Kenyon Ltd. 49 
Martoes Road. W8. td. Ol -957 0757. 

NALLMSON - On July 2nd. 1986. 

Aiastair In Names. France. Father of 
Guy. Florence and Alexandre, hus- 
band of Rosemary, of 8 Rue du Port 
Gamier. Nantes 44000. 

MOORE on 29lh June 1986. Ernest 
Leslie aged as years, late of The 
Times Newspaper. Memorial sendee 
22nd July 3.30pm Our Lady's 
Church. Kempston. For details phone 
Bedford 864072 

POOLE Cnfo Egerton) On July 1st 1986 
Gillian of 2 The Old stables. 
Bridpori. Beloved Mather of Penny & 
Lizzie. Cremation Private, a Service 
of Thanksgtvtag at St. Mary's 
Church. Burton. Bradsterlc <xi Mon- 
day 7th July at 3 p.m. No flowers by 
reouest please. Donations tf Desired 
for Arthritis & Rheumatism Council 
far Research c/o AJ. Wakeiy A 
Sons. 91 Eart Street. Bridport. Dorset 

PROUDFOOT- On 1st July at Canter- 
bury. Beryl (Bunly) dear wife of 
Frank and mother of Christopher 
and Amanda. Funeral at SL Mary's 
Church. FawRhsm on 9th July al 
2.30 pm- Flowers to The OW Recto- 
ry. Fawfcham. Longfleld. KenL . 

SHARLAND on 30th June. 1986 In 
hospUaL Hilda Irene Clara of Broad 
view. Famborough. Kent. Dearly 
loved sister of Evelyn In her 90th 

TOWNSMEN) - On July IsL Mary 
Consueto. Widow of John 
Towmhend and Daughter of William 
and Katie Benngton of Little Malvern 
Crt. W o rc e ster s hire. Peacefully at 
her home In Malvern. Funeral 

WAKEFIELD - On 1st July, peacefully 
In London. Roger Cuthben (Jumbo). 
C.M.G.- O B.E- Late Sudan Survey 
Departmenl of Qendrynoch Lodge, 
bte of SKye. Thanksgiving service 

WMX1AMSON Stephen - On July 2nd. 
1986. peacefully ta hospttaL aged 88. 
Stephen Williamson. M.C.. 2 Lady 
Wooten's Green. Canterbury. Hus- 
band of the late Catherine 
Williamson and father of Stephen 
and John and Die late Dr Elizabeth 
Hunter-Cowan. Beloved grandfather 
and meat grandfather. Funeral Ser- 
vice al 12 noon on Friday. July llth 
ta the Crypt of Canterbury Caflte- 
draL Cremation private. 

MTTRICK - On 2nd July. 1986 ta hos- 
pttaL william Henry Wiltrtck. 
F.R.S.. Professor Emeritus of U» 
UnKtrpty Of BtrnUngham. Dearly 
loved husband, father and grandfa- 
ther. Funeral Service al Ebrington 
Church on Monday. 7th July at 2-00 
pro. Memorial Service to be an- 
nounced later. Family or garden 
flowers only, please bul donations, tf 

desired, to the Asthma Society, c/o 
25 Borrewdate Drive. Leamington 
Spa CV32 6NY. 

WOOD On 29th June 1986 Thomas 
Kemley of Richmond Road Wolver- 
hampton. gamed away in Ndola. 

Zambia. Enoulrtes Jennings F A Soos 
Lid. Wolverhampton 

R ES TOW - On Saturday. 28Ui June, 
suddenly whilst asleep. David Alex- 
ander aged 3 years, beloved elder 
child of Pamela and' David of 
Coveriside. Frodsham- Funeral to oh 
place at SL Bartholomew Church. 
Great Barrow, nr Chester on Thurs- 
day. 3rd July at li-oo am. 

SHERWHI On July 1st 1986. Frank 
Neville aged 90. beloved husband of 
Mariorie and father of Sarah and 
Virginia. Private Cremation. 
Thanksgiving Service at Holy Trin- 
ity Church. Cookham. Thursday 
July KXh al 5.00pm. Family flowers 
only Donations if desired to Thames 
Valley Hospice. Utile HoeketL 
-Cookham Dean. Berts. 

YOUNG Or 30UI June 1986. peaceful- 
ly alter a king and distressing Illness. 
Gale, dear wife of E W Young, of 
Shertngwoad. Shertngham. Norfolk. 
Cremation Private. Funeral Service 
at All Saints Church. Beeston Regis, 
on Monday July 14Ui al 2.30 pm. 
Family flowers only. Donations If 
wished to Norfolk and Norwich Re- 
nal Fund. C/O Btyth'a Funeral 
Services. Cremer Street. 
Sheringham, Norfolk- 


FJt.&S. Died July 4th 1985. Wher- 
ever you are. whoever you are. who 
knew Q Y- think of him on Sunday 
6Ut Remember tits Irish charm. wiL 
and U>e many happy memories you 
have had of him. 

WEATHERLEY Brian - kflted doing the 
iob which was part or your life, 
ru always love you., Anna. 

Latest wills 

Sir Stanley Graham 
Rowlandson, of London SWI, 
chairman of Rowlandson and 
Co, chartered accountants, for- 
mer chairman of Middlesex 
County Council, left estate val- 
ued at £3, 177,625 neL 
Helen Gertrude Beatty, of Lon- 
don W] and Wiuershaxn, Kent, 
left £16,01 5.443 neL 
Dr Christopher Lnagton Hewer, 
of London N2, consultant 
anaesthetist, left £480,681 neL 
Mr Austin James Cook, of 
Ash field, Suffolk, left £829,257 

Other estates include (neL be- 
fore tax paid): 

Page, Mr Cyril Stanley, of 
Lexden, Essex, 

solicitor £448.771 

Richards. Mrs Loma Georgette 
Hamilton, of 

Chichester £363,792 

Walker. Edith, of London 

SW3 £479,131 

Walker. Mrs Elizabeth Mary, of 
Titchmarsh £483,826 

Memorial service 

Miss E. Smart 

The Canadian High Commis- 
sioner was present at a me- 
morial service ‘ for Miss 
Elizabeth Smart held at St 
James's, Piccadilly, yesterday. 
Prebendary N.E. McCurry 
officiated. Miss Beryl 
Bain bridge and Mr Jeffrey Ber- 
nard gave addresses. Mr Sebas- 
tian Barker, son, read “The 
Pulley", by George Herbert, 
Miss Anna Carteret and Miss 
JiJI Neville read poems by 
Elizabeth Smart, Mrs Elspeih 
La n glands Barker read “They 
are ail gone into the world of 
light", by Henry Vaughan, and 
Mr George Barker read “Quia 
Amorc Langueo". Miss Myra 
Sands sang Mozart's “Voi, Che 
Sapete" and Miss Jocelyn Ab- 
bott, pianist, played “Three Part 
Invention" by J.S. Bach. 

Mrs F3y Weldon was the 
speaker at a reception held 
afterwards al Canada House and 
read from By Grand Central 
Station I Sai Down and W'epL 
Mr Jeremy Reed read his poem, 
“Elizabeth Smart", Mr Denys 
Hawthorne read from The Un- 
namable, by Samuel Beckett 
and Mrs Dons Lessing read “A 
Blackbird Singing", by 2LS. 


Latest appointments include: 
Mr John W. Mills to be 
president of the Royal Society of 
British Sculptors. 

Mr Gwyn Francs, aged 55, 
forestry commissioner (opera- 
tion&Mo be director general of 
the Forestry Commission on 
November 10 on the retirement 
of Mr George Holmes. Mr 
Charles Woosnam, to be a part- 
time member of the Forestry 
Commission in succession to 
Lord Gibson-WatL 
Mr James Longhran to be a 
chief guest conductor of the 
BBC Welsh Symphony Or- 
chestra from next January. 

Mr James McKinnon to be 
director general of gas supply 
with the responsibility of mon- 
itoring British Gas's activities as 
a pubGc supplier. 

Dr William R. O. Eggmgh 
aged 54, principal medical offi- 
cer in the Department of Health 
and Soria! Security, to be chief 
medical adviser (social security) 
in the department in succession 
to Dr Greenfield, who is taking 
charge of the division respon- 
sible for medical policy on 
children, nutrition, preventive 
medicine, obstetrics and 

Dr Brian Durrani to be a vice- 
president of the Royal 
Anthropological Institute .of 
Great Britain and Ireland. 

Mr John Snnderiand to be 
Commissioner in Chief of the St 
John Ambulance Brigade. 

Mr John Norris, president of 
the Country Landowners' 
Association, to be a member of 
the United Kingdom’s national 
committee for European Year of 
the Environment. 

Mr Party Rogers, chairman of 
the Institute of Directors, lo be 
chairman of the Business and 
Technician Education Council 
from October ! in succession to 
Mr Neale Raine. 

Mr Roger Young, Principal, of 
George Watson's College, Edin- 
burgh, to be chairman of the 
council of Cheltenham Ladies' 
College in succession to Sir 
Colin Crowe, who is retiring 
after 12 years. 


Mr John Hayes, solicitor, chief 
executive of Warwickshire 
County Council, to be secretary- 
EeneraJ of the Law Society from 
amiary 31, 1987, on the retire- 
ment of Mr John Bowron. Mr 
Christopher S nowling, solicitor, 
secretary. General Purposes, to 
be director, legal aid, from" 
August 12 in succession to Mr 
David Edwards. 

Master Topley, a Master of the 
Queen's Bench Division of the 
High Court, to be in addition 
the Admiralty Registrar. 

Mr R.D.A, Adam to be county 
court and district registrar for 
the Truro courts from August 4. 


Authority on the sweet pea 

Mr Charles Unwin, the 
well-known seedsman and 

kind and which won world- 
wide acclaim. • - ' 

In addition to his horticuU 

He was 91. 

rrLw nr**™* neas, and one In addition to his hon 
Snte^.fS&lis<sof lutalacUvitiM he jaised a 


Like so many who 
devoted their lives to working 
in horticulture and breeding 
plants he was generous in 
giving his time to help garden- 
ers by his talks and lectures 
and he was kindly, courteous 
and a- good friend to very 
many people. 

Charles William James 
Unwin was the son of the 
founder of the family seed 
firm established in 1903. He 
joined the firm at the age of 


. He had started breeding 
sweet peas while still at school 
and when he was 16 he was 
offered a post with the largest 
seed firm in the United States . 
but his father refiised him 
permission to accept it 

While an authority on flow- 
ers and vegetables raised from 
seed, be specialized in the 
sweet pea side of the family 
business and earned world- 
wide recognition as an expert 
on sweet pea breeding - over 
250 varieties were introduced 
by the fhmily’s firm. 

He also raised the Unwin 
strain of dwarf hybrid dahlias 
which were the first of their 

For his horticultural work, 
Unwin was awarded the 
Veitch Memorial Medal by 
the Royal Horticultural Soci- 
ety. He was president emeritus 
of the National Sweet Pea 
Society and received . the 
Society's Eckford Medal. 

He gave the frrst-ever.gar- 
dening broadcast on the -old 
2LO radio programme - natu* 

&,*' g 

rally, on sweet peas - and ht. . 

‘ ‘ ~ parr 

wrote, broadcastand toofcp 
in television programmes over 
many years. 

Until a few weeks before he 
died he went each day fa foe 
firm’s headquarters : and 
trialed round at Histon., ' 

He lost an (tye -at.the age of 
two but joined the army 
during the First World. Wat 
He was commanding officer of 
the Horae Guard in Histon 
and, during the Second, Work! 
War, served with the Ariny’-s 
horticultural advisory ^ ''group, 
advising on how to makelxst 
use of the available military 
land for growing food.' _ . 

He was also chairman of The 
Cambridge and Isle of: Ely 
Health Executive Council far 
20 years until 1970. 

He is survived by his i 
sons and a daughter. 



Dr Norman Heaps, the 
applied mathematician Ixst 
known for his development of 
computer models for tides and 
storm suites, died on June 26, 
aged 58, after a long illness. 

His work provided an im- 
portant dement in the fore- 
casting of potentially 
dangerous sea movements 
around the coasts. 

Norman Stuart Heaps was 
bom in Prescot, Lancashire, 
and educated at Prescot 
Grammar School and Liver- 
pool University. After gradu- 
ating, with honours, in 
mathematics in 1949, he 
worked for several years on 
aircraft dynamics. 

In 1959, he was appointed 
senior lecturer in mathematics 
at Salford, where be developed 
an abiding - interest in the 
natural oscillations of lake 
waters, studying the motions 
of Lake Windemere, and later 
the Great Lakes of North 

However, it was his ap- 
pointment in 1962 to the 
Liverpool Tidal Institute (now 
the Institute of Oceanographic 
Sciences, at Bidston, near 
Birkenhead), which initialed 
his most important work. 

At that time, exceptionally 
high sea levels (storm surges), 
due to the weather, were 
forecast only a few hours 
ahead by m hoc formulae 
derived empirically. 

Heaps developed a range of 
computer techniques for pre- 
dicting the movements of the 

seas surrounding Britain, in- 
cluding detailed .studies. of' 
tidal barrage schemes. - ' 

His storm-surge zhodd^aie 
now used routinely . at -the . 
Meteorological Office, 'in tan- 
dem with their weather fbre- 
cast models, to give advance' 
warning of dangerousW iagh 
sea levels around the XJK.^ 
Part of his achievement was 
the building up of a team of 
workers, including a steady, 
succession of research ^stu- 
dents, who flourished under , 
his wise and considerate 

Thus his 

of the stnicture of currents 
shallow seas, and their .rela- 
tionship with flows in . the: 
deeper ocean beyond (topics 
now of increasing interest and 
concern), will be maintained: 

The work of Heaps an&his 
team won high acclaim from 
marine scientists and engi- 
neers all over the world. - 
. The significance of his work 
was acknowledged in 1973 by 
the award of a Liverpool 
University DSc, and in 1978 
he became an “individual 
merit'' senior principal scien- 
tific officer. 

He served on several inter- 
national groups concerned 
with shelfsea oceanography.? 

Heaps was a kind man with 
a friendly and helpful, ap- 
proach to all who sought ins 
advice, always showing a par- 
ticular concern for the long- 
term careers of those who 
worked under him. 


S' _ 

t - 



■ - i 

U Kyaw Nyein, a former 
Deputy Prime Minister and, 
fora while, a leading figure in 
post-independence Burma, 
died in Rangoon on July 2. He 
was 73. 

As Home Minister in the 
first government formed by U 
Nu. Burma's first Prime Min- 
ister after the country gained 
independence from Britain in 
1948, U Kyaw Nyein became 
a prime target of Communist 
and other insurgents. 

‘He was Deputy Prime Min- 
ister for Finance from 1958 to 
1 960, following a split in the 
ruling party - the Anti-Fascist 
People's Freedom League - 

which resulted in the .dissolu- 
tion of the government. _‘.y 
Burma was then run tempo- 
rarily by a caretaker govern- 
ment headed by Genera^ Ne 
Win, now chairman “irfithe 
ruling Burma. Socialist m- 
gram Party. 

Differences in the 
resurfaced in 1960 andjl 
faction that U Kyaw 
had supported lost i 
dispute. He never 
political office. . 1 ■ 

Power was subseqfrgitiy 
seized in a Woodless -coup in 
1 962-by Ne Win, creauvofte 
present socialist state. • -T 

FS ; 










Mr Donald Grant Moir, 
FRSGS, who has died in 
Edinburgh, was, since 1960, 
Secretary of the Royal Scottish 
Geographical Society. 

He was a conscientious 
manager and a careful hus- 
bandman of the resources of 
the society, of which he had 
previously been joint honor- 
ary secretary, in harness with 
the celebrated cartographer, 
Mr John Bartholomew. 

Mom's was an attentive 
devotion to detail winch is 
also evident, in his published 

In Scottish Hill Tracks: Old 
Highways and Drove Roads , 
first published in 1947 with a 
revised second edition in 
1975. he provided more than 
300 detailed routes for walk- 

the< : wfiole 

ers, covering 

He was also Tesponsibfofor 
the two-volume revised, jedi* 
lion of The Early jWhftjS bf 
Scotland, published by^jthe 
society in 1973 and 1983p > . 

This provides a cbmprt^n- 
sive hi story of . Scottish maps, 
with mi inventory of'over 
3^500 of t hem^ witn d efaijjsof 

and availability 1 in : major E- 

brBxi * s - ‘ > \\.^^-;| 

In recogrution-of the mem# . j 
ulous scholarship invoIvttLid.’ 
the work, Moir Was^ awarded 
the Research Medal- ofTthe 
society in 1984, exact#- 30 
years after he had beenavi^nl- 
ed the honorary fellowship of 
the society for his contribu- 
tions to its work. 

Science report 

US study links obesity to heredity 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

Obesity is largely a matter of 
heredity, according to research- 
ers who have conducted the 
largest stady yet on the matter. 

The study, in wiring more 
than 4,000 pairs of male twins, 
compared identical twins - those 
which originated from a single 
egg at fertilization - with ra- 
tentsl twins, conceited from two 
fertilized eggs. 

Researchers at the University 
of Pennsylvania found that cases 
where both twins were fat were 
twice as high among identical 
sets as among the others. 

“• These studies suggest a 
strong genetic influence on hu- 
man fatness and obesity", a 
report in this week's issue of the 
Journal of die American Medical 
Association concludes. 

The evidence is probably the 
strongest yet to emerge support- 

ing the genetic theory In obesity. 

The findings were drawn from 
a registry maintained by the 
National Academy of Science - 
National Research CbnndL The 
registry contains information on 
more than 15,000 sets of male 
twins bora in the United States 
between 1917 and 1927, who 
served In the armed forces 
daring the Second World War or 
the Korean War. 

They were measured for 
height and weight when inducted 
Into the armed forces. A follow- 
up survey of over 4,000 of the 
sets of twins asked, what their 
height and weight had become. 

Previous studies have sug- 
gested heredity plays a major 
role in the tendency to put on 
weight, but there has been much 
debate among international ex- 
perts about the value of existit^ 

One possible genetic explana- 
tion is that people who are fat, or 
will ‘ become fat., are 
“programmed" to use the energy 
they absorb from food more 
efficiently than thin people. 

Thus, the obese, use less 
energy for any activity, including 
their resting metabolism, smi 
the excess energy from food is 
converted into fat and stored. . 

Previous surveys have shown 
that four out of five tat childrea 
become obese ad nils, and half of 
obese adults had an obese 

But sceptical researches have 
commented that familial' obesity 
may be behavioural rather than 
genetic. Pat parents may have 
rat children simply because the 
family are big eaters who enjoy) 
their food more than the 

British Academy 

The British Academy held its 
eighty-fourth annual. - meeting-.! 
yesterday, with the president. 
Sir ' Randolph Quirk. : in the 
chair. Honorary fellowships 
were conferred on: 

K^^.£. , V c ?WS ,aon * wottsBo,. 

Protestor j Z Young, frs. 


The following 

fellows: - 0 

RAntarw*. Profowof C 
w Brown. Professor J. A - . Bunco** 
Prpteasor j w Bursw. Professor? ri 

-’. Mr j aratm. or G l 

fjrofeswr E J A Henderson, 
r f JR j Joel 

Harris*. | 

Professor "D " f ' imw mM.' 
£2*53 " O NMMCormlck. Dr A_D'J 
MaoartMi^ Professor n f McKendt. 

Ky J MMhtar. Dr Jertauer 

winm. Professor T P Wiseman. - 


following were elected 
corresponding fellows: . 

25® Professor . a D 

Chandler. Jr. Professor R coheo, • 
Professor tf co^r^toBorGAfi 

.^“fessor H Hetowg^ - 

N Hinunetmamc. Profe***. - : 7- 

tinESRg 1 ^ N SJn « h - >. • 


Medals ana ofba: Dmir Allen Prt»- 


Meiai^r JSB • 



- -r *1 


ft* r 


*!d=25 'hfci, 

In add» 1 -^- 

?>.' -^Television 

J**’- l : n*in‘ !s •’oniajj'llS 






^«4S8! I 

L e lij» ! s 

?LO~ d b *^S * 

■*< - •'-. - . '=- 


ir of 


^Mohammed Ajeeb was bom in 
^asmallrilfage in Kashmir, 
"emigrated to Britain in 1957 
and,- after working in a soap 
^'■fin^ryand ob the bases and 
- rJfte tram* was elected Lord 
W Bradford in 1985 - 


* over 


,Ji =:ri4S d 33N 

n Vi.:- e3 fs ' it' fe-tet-AsAui to hold such 

~ ^ ne *«elttk, -' bryi Zhe 

foDowed bin over the course of 
hismaydral term, a year which 
“fegan wfth the Bradford City 
w' " <x ■ disaster and contin- 

uV r ± fcc *W» the final obsequies of 

n - *csr-»— * Ml e - - the Ray_ Honeyford imbroglio. 

‘ - **-* : — not unexpectedly, 
pleasant, decent, 
diplomatic and 
, . ... with his tempo- 

— - ■«": 'n i When the win- 

ttk: ia nj/ e rf his sobortea house 

k?.* -or“& v arta I*2 L'^-Were smashed (perhaps cointi- 
H*. -a , : '. 1! »g footj“ --^dentofly, perhaps not, the day 
L "defter Mr Hooeyford’s resigna- 
tion) Be admitted **I do get 
Worried sometimes'* and 
^ _ promptly invited his nejgh- 
Iftrtr v^--v*^ LI ? ,Ve a hu ^‘hjmrs- round- for what the 
** w - ^ughi*- - m Yorkshire middle classes like 
RMAV Ur 1 " ^ tocafi ^ gathering” One of 

Ut. \]K the guests ^went so far as to 

— 0 apologize for the outrage as 

though he had been personally 


‘The feet that all the white 
-- tateraewees were so keen to 
express their approval of Mr 
—Ajeeb merely bore out the 
-—unspoken implication that his 
‘ '-appeal reached far beyond the 

- r c.7 capo^ r ^V«tif>T3 percent Asian popn- 

i -,—fation. But what the pro- 

Par $!’" ^rgwuwne needed was at least 

one jarring voice to state the 
.— case against; television should 
iC . never turn down the opportuni- 
st* to show up racists for the 
-iJUsfllaHnnoiis fools they are. 
Folly of a different order 
. r ... *. . . 4 , ' ! ^mforraedtfae first part ofWbzr 

,*■ If ft' s Raining? (Channel 4); 

/■' W-fkeumour foa of the adplterers 

' m,i: - ■. ^ is- (craggy Miles Anderson, plac- 
-wtoiz* Deborah' Findlay) and the 
i-r p--. ia j fc ^ TjHikI slowness of the wronged 
^ ^ 'hashand {mild Michael Mal- 
■■ :: "• - " -- imey): The marital quandaries 
.-oT fhe stripped-pine classes 



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Allure of the fairy-tale 

An Impudent Girl 


Fool for Love (15) 
Cannon Tottenham 
Court Road 

No End 

National Film Theatre 

La Cage aux folles 
m — The Wedding 

Cannons Piccadilly, 

Tottenham Court Road 

An Impudent Girl (L’Effrontee), 
which enjoyed a big success at the 
French box-office earlier this year, 
is an attractive mixture of Hans 
Andersen fairy-tale and acute, af- 
fectionate psychological observa- 
tion of adolescence such as 
distinguished Gaude Miller's first 
feature. La MeiUeure Facon de 
marcher. There Miller dealt with 
the growing pains of boys; here his 
protagonist is a J3-year-oJd girl. 

Charlotte is at the awkward age 
and lets everyone know it. She is 
full of yearnings that she cannot 
define, except to know that they are 
not satisfied by her shabby home 

and by bickering with father, 
brother, housekeeper and a sickly, 
demanding, funny moppet from 
across the way. She glimpses and 
falls madly in love with her ideal: a 
piano prodigy of her own age. as 
pretty and good as she is plain and 
obstreperous. The Hans Andersen 
(or (Paler Babies) bil is where she 
manages to intrude herself into the 
little pianist's home and strike up a 
friendship which is much more 
intense for her than for the other, 
professionally preoccupied, child. 
After a lot of pain, she gets over it. 
just a$ she manages in time to elude 
the attentions of a gentle young 

The performance of Charlotte 
Gainsbouig would in itself be 
sufficient attraction for any film. 
She is an appealing and uncompro- 
mising Plain Jane, with her un- 
manageable hair and boyish 
clothes, conveying in the same 
moment defiance and terrible vul- 
nerability. The performance is 
complemented by the other chil- 
dren: Clothilde Baudon as the 
impossibly spotless fairy-tale pia- 
nist-princess; Julie Glenn as the 
brat, with skills far in advance of 
her years in exploiting sickness as a 
blackmail weapon. 

Originally reviewed from Can- 
nes, Robert Altman’s adaptation of 
Sam Shepard's play Fool for Love 
now reaches London, revealing 
that the text does not hold up so 
well at second viewing. The deriva- 
tions from the Tennessee Williams 
and Arthur Miller of the Fifties are 
more apparent, as are the stage 

structure and the contrived last-act 
revelations that explain the tor- 
mented emotional gyrations that 
have gone before. Sometimes the 
dialogue seems calculated not so 
much to further the dramatic 
design as to give meaty scenes to 
the writer-star. 

Sam Shepard plays Eddie, a 
drifter and occasional film stunt- 
man. who has tracked down May 
(Kim Basinger) to a shanty motel 
on the edge of the desert. They pass 
the night in sparring and taunting 
each other, compulsively renewing 
the familiar misery of an old deep, 
mutual love-hate. They are ob- 
served by a cadaverous old drank 
(Harry Dean Stanton) whose role 
in their tormented history is in due 
time revealed, and are occasionally 
peppered with gunshot by a jealous 
female admirer of Eddie. 

With a less amenable text than 
he had In previous adaptations 
from the stage, Altman shows the 
same restraint and intelligence in. 
translating the material to the 
screen. The play was set in a single 
motel room; on screen Altman 
creates the whole motel complex — 
menacing with its shadowy cor- 
ners. junky buildings, garish neon, 
car-wrecks and faceless guests shuf- 
fling about their own mysterious 
business. The main characters 
roam the place like caged animals, 
cautiously spying on one another 
when they are not engaged in active 

Altman's work is .at its most 
intriguing in the flashbacks that 

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Plain Jane and pianist princess: Charlotte Gainsbonrg (left) and Clothilde Baodon in An Impudent Girl 

illustrate the last-act revelatory 
monologues. The images are al- 
ways slightly in contradiction to 
the words, enhancing the unsettling 
sense of deception, intended or not, 
that underlies the whole piece. 

This weekend the National Film 
Theatre presents a wholly unprece- 
dented event — a debate on post- 
Solidarity Poland as witnessed by 
the national cinema. Three direc- 
tors will appear to present and 
discuss their films, which express 
opposed views of ihe country after 
the traumas of Solidarity and 
martial law. The event has been 
organized with the imaginative 
cooperation of the official Polish 
Cultural Institute in London. 

In the Solidarity period Polish 

cinema developed a power and a 
determination, to ardculate na- 
tional concerns, that have very 
evidently not been wholly silenced 
Krzysztof Kieslowski's No End, 
made in 1984, is as uncompromis- 
ing in its demands for public 
honesty and its despair at the 
prevailing social atmosphere as 
anything made before martial law. 

The hero of the film (played, 
significantly, by Jerzy Radzi- 
wilowicz. the star of Wajda's Man 
of Marble and Man of Iron) 
explains at the outset that he died 
of a heart-attack before the events 
we are watching look place. Now 
he is a spectral observer of the 
aftermath of his own death, occa- 
sionally intervening benevolently. 

A well-tried old warhorse, La 
Cage aux folles is now flogged on to 
a second sequel. La Cage aux folles 
III - The Wedding, five years after 
the first. This time it has taken an 
army of scriptwriters to come up 
with a signally feeble idea for 
further adventures for the odd 
couple and their gay night-club in 
St T ropez. In order to qualify far a 
legacy, badly needed to salvage the 
Cage aux folles, the ladylike Albin 
(Michel Serrault) has to marry and 
procreate within a specified period. 
Serrault and l/go Tognazzi soldier 
gallantly on together notwithstand- 
ing the script. The director was 
Georges Lautner. 

David Robinson 


Fidelity above all 
to the music 

Donald Cooper 

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Co vent Garden 

It is too soon for the obituar- 
ies. Sir Colin Davis has chosen 
to take leave of the Royal 
Opera House not with a sunset 
memorial but with something 
new, vital and searching: a 
production of Fidelio in which 
Andrei Serban's staging hon- 
ours a conductor by looking 
^always out to the music. Ana 
Sir Cofio, keenly ready to take 
up the challenge, himself hon- 
ours the composer by. the 
strength and generosity of his 

'- What we have is a produc- 
tion that tackles the work on 
ts own ground: not as an 
opera, more as a dramatic 
symphony illuminated by sce- 
nic images. And that, is the 


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supreme virtue of this remark- 
ably original production, that 
it makes the stage always 
secondary to the score, even if 
that means, as it does mean, - 
much incoherence and some 
puzzlement in what we see. 

The great achievement of 
Mr Serban's previous produc- 
tion for the company, Tur- 
andot,was to create a perfectly 
appropriate place for the 
work: a theatre within the 
theatre. Here his procedure is 
exactly opposite, to deny the 
stage argument any stable 
identity. We begin, signifi- 
cantly, with the stage listening 
to the piL Leonore enters in 
silence, completes her cos- 
tume as Fidelio, and then 
stands stock-still to hear the 
overture. The action takes 
place within a whitewashed 
cubicle of brickwork, which 
provides a neutral environ- 
ment for a range of treatment 
from the very direct to the 
utterly abstract. 

Examples of the former 
.style abound particularly at 
the start, in the behaviour of 
Jaquino, Marzelline and 
Rocco. There are even a few 
naturalistic props, though 
those gradually slip away, and 
they are never enough to 
establish any illusion of reali- 
ty; rather the business between 
the young lovers, and Rocco ’s 
“gold" aria (with bags duly 
turning up all over the place), 
are done with wit, distance 
and stylish exaggeration as 
quotations of naturalism. It is 
rather the same with the 
treatment of Pizairo, who is a 
pantomine demon king with- 
out quite reaching the absurdi- 
ty that might imply: again, his 
dramatic appearance provides 
a colour to make an apt fit 
with the music. 

Where another colour is 
required, Mr Serban is happy 
to make a sudden change. 
Pizarro sings his aria right 
from the front of the stage, 
with black drapes behind, 
whereas the orchestral intro- 
duction to it has been inter- 
preted by while, shaven- 
headed prisoners and black- 
uniformed guards in one of 
this production's many very 
effective passages of choral 
mime. Moreover this world of 
.evil oppressing good has been 
suggested, glimpsed through 
doorways, right from the start, 


Sadler’s Wells 

Totally sympathetic: G wynne Howell, Elizabeth Connell 

so that the opening scene is 
not as innocent as it usually is 
but already played out under 

Or else music might indi- 
cate a sudden switch from the 

concrete to the abstract, as 
happens for the first scene’s 
quartet Leonore rushes on. 
and then there is immediately 
a black-out The four figures 
separate to take up stationary 
positions for the musical num- 
ber, returning afterwards, dur- 
ing another black-out to their 
original huddle. This is a 
highly successful solution to a 
notable problem, though it 
would be even better without 
the floating cut-out motifs 
imitated from Blake, which 
seem excessively didactic: 
cues to a meaning that is 
perfectly apparent and an odd 
bit of superfluousness in a 
production that generally 
trusts the music. 

Having said that though, I 
at once think of the finale, 
which very evidently divided 
opinion on Wednesday night, 
and no doubt will go on doing 
so. Let me say at once that I 
counted it an almost total 
success, shocking though it is. 

Sir Colin leads up to the last 
scene by giving a buoyant 
account of the third Leonore 
overture, which, following 
Furtwangler. Mr Serban treats 
as a recapitulation of the opera 
so far. but he does so oblique- 
ly. in a mime for children 
beautifully choreographed by 
Kate Flatt. Then the walls of 
the box fall away for another 
sublime ‘ choral tableau, but 
one with curious apparitions 
in the distance. 

The Minister is a Roman 
emperor in buskins, carrying a 
standard that is at once the 
scales of justice and the Cross 
of Christ. Further back are 

figures on stilts representing 
two archangels and assorted 
devils, tottering as illustra- 
tions of the war in Heaven 
that as this oratorical final 
chorus implies, we have been 
witnessing. Whilethey remain 
there, in some of the magnifi- 
cent shadows of Robert 
Bryan’s lighting, all is well, 
and it is a gross error to'bring 
them forward and - make them 
more physical presences. Even 
so. they are highly striking 
elements of Sally Jacobs's 

Powerful too is the cast 
Elizabeth Connell began 
slightly colourlessly and with 
some lack of dynamic control, 
but she became at the end a 
finely radiant Leonore: it 
would be understandable if 
she had been stirred by James 
King's nobility of spirit and 
flavourftiJ sound as Floreslan. 
Marie McLaughlin provides a 
wholly delicious Marzelline, 
Laurence Dale au attractive 
Jaquino and Gwynne Howell 
a totally sympathetic Rocco. 
Hartmui Welker as Pizarro 
was perhaps a mite too con- 
cerned to sound as nasty as he 

Paul Griffiths 

Those with exceptionally good 
memories, or else vested inter- 
ests in the English Bach 
Festival, may remember that 
my enjoyment of their Teseo 
at Covent Garden a year ago 
was a little less than complete. 
Tom Hawkes provides the 
EBF with a production in 
which contemporary Handeli- 
an convention is all: minutely 
studied baroque gesture, mas- 
sively luxurious costumes of 
swishing silk with plumes 
which fan the air, and chande- 
liers which remain whether 
the scene be a Palladia!) 
irompe-l’oeil perspective, an 
Arcadian grove or the jaws of 

Last July, its musical and 
physical realization, rather 
than its concept failed to 

convince me. This time I can 
recommend you to get a 
ticket In a performing style in 
which dramatic realism is 
irrelevant attention is focused 
overwhelmingly on the writ- 
ing. And, with a stronger and 
happier cast of singers and the 
concentration of Sadler's 
Wells' smaller space, such 
close attention is now ade- 
quately repaid. 

I cannot go into the plot 
again: it is one of those whose 
relationships work out best 
drawn with a pattern of arrows 
on a blackboard. Suffice it to 
say that Agilea (the nice one) 
is now sufficiently under the 
skin of Marilyn Hill Smith for 
the rapture to be released in 
her Act IV duet of temporary 
reprieve with her beloved 
Teseo (Helen Walker). Penel- 
ope Walker, who was quite the 
best part of the evening last 
lime round, has honed her 
dark, alto Arcane (the youth in 

the sub-plot) to duet most 
mellifluously with the 
orchestra's woodwind solo- 
ists. Her Act III arias, two in 
quick, succession, are per- 
formed with a continuity of 
vocal and physical ornament 
which is sheer delight. 

What really vindicates the 
production's musical and dra- 
matic credibility, though, are 
the performances of the new 
Medea and Egeo. Both Oaire 
Primrose and Michael Chance 
grasp Handel's writing and 
pack every scrupulously-ob- 
served detail and indication of 
it with live, ever-changing 
response: she in her green- 
eyed jealousy, he in his golden 

Nicholas Oeobiury directs 
both pit and stage with lucid, 
entirely idiomatic and stylish 

Hilary Finch 

t — 11 ■** 



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The Mikado* mwtmMadam Butterfly 
Aida CavaUeria Rusticana*/Pagfiacd* 

The Rape of Lucretia mmmsmCarmen* 

Die Ftedermaus sssThe Diary of One Who 
Disappeared*/Osud The Queen of Spades 

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Subscription Season — 

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up to 30% 

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3 V 

Stately Queen 
pays homage to 
Lady Liberty 

From Michael Binyon, on board the QE2, New York 

An armada of little ships 
swept before us as the stately 
Queen, draped with a 100 ft 
American flag, glided under 
the Verrazano Bridge into 
New York harbour early yes- 
terday morning to pay homage 
to the Statue of Liberty. 

With more than a thousand 
Chrysler super-salesmen on 
board, locky winners of a 
dealership competition, the 
ship symbolically recalled 
Canard's role in bringing more 
than two million immigrants to 
America since 1840. It 
brought with it a family of 

Symbolism milked 
for all its worth 

Polish immigrants, who. like 
the generations of huddled 
masses America is now hon- 
ouring, were themselves flee- 
ing political persecution in 
their native land. 

The ship hove to before the 
world's most famous statue. 
After a reading of Emma 
Lazarus's poem inscribed on 
the statue's pediment, and the 
playing of the British, French 
and* American national an- 
thems, the ship blew a long, 
deep blast and the Queen 
saluted the Lady. 

Passengers tossed a cascade 
of carnations overboard, a 
cloud of red, white and bine 
balloons floated aloft, and a 
Are boat blew jets of equally 
patriotic coloured water into 
the air. 

Symbolism was milked for 
all it was worth, and the QE2 
did very nicely. ABC television 
beamed the first live broadcast 
from a moving ship, to begin 
the foor-day extravaganza of 
media hype. 

Chrysler, for a reported fee 
of $6 million (£3.7 million) has 
chartered the QE2 for 10 days 
— and Mr Lee iacoccu, its 
ebullient chairman, who, like 
his locky dealers has more 
than fulfilled his plan in 
raising more than $260 million 
for the statue's restoration, 
will stay on board during the 

The Poles, paraded, photo- 
graphed and interviewed, were 
a trifle overwhelmed, bat Mr 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother, on behalf or The 
Queen, presents Colours to the 
1st Battalion "Slst Highland 
Volunteers. North inch, Perth, 

The Prince of Wales, Presi- 
dent, Business in the Commu- 
nity. opens the Deptford 
Enterprise Agency. 146 Dept- 
ford High St. SE8. 10.30. 

The Princess of Wales. Pa- 
tron, The British Sports Associ- 
ation for the Disabled, receives 
three members of the ‘Great 
British Push', Kensington Pal- 
ace. 1 1.25: and then, as Presi- 
dent of Dr Bamardo's. attends a 
Garden Party for Bamardo 
supporters and voluntary work- 
ers. Chatswonh House. Derby- 
shire. 12.45. 

Prince Andrew, Patron of the 
Jubilee Sailing Trust, attends 
the naming ceremony of the STS 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,089 


I King, coming in late, fell (9). 
6 Sort of officer who makes a 

J irofi table return in science 
iction (5). 

9 More last words (7). 

10 Associate runs into trouble 

II Dam holds a kind of energy 

12 Cricket side with elasticity 
— they succeed (9). 

14 The best backing for an elec-. 

trie panicle (3). 

IS An anistic anodyne (II). 

17 Have tempers risen? No. it's 
just joie tfe vivre (4.7). 

19 Penny more - a bad bargain 
(3k ' 

20 Laurel, perhaps. Hardy, too 

22 The proprietor, a remark- 
able chap, takes in women 

24 Maxims of ministry mem- 
bers (7). 

26 Prison — and that's enough 
for a bandit (7j. 

27 A gentle push to rebuff, say. 

the debt-collector (5). 

28 Always note the bird, com- 
rade (9). 


1 Clips the coarse weeds (5). 

2 Bounder has narrow and 

expensive victory (7). 

3 Men worried about business 
crisis ring round (9). 

4 Smelling salts make a girl 
lively (3.8). 

5 Call a chum to get up (31 

6 Come down quickly. Kiting 
nothing in exdiange (5). 

7 He doesn't expect to go to 
Heaven (7). 

8 Dandy full of enthusiasm 
about Tommy's head-dress 

13 This can be made popular 


14 Mongoose — one in much 
confusion (9). 

16 He knows what's happened 

18 Wept when given a recep- 
tion (7). 

19 Amount of drink it is said 
Drake needed (7). 

21 High ball held by. for exam- 
ple. rising star (5). 

23 Fish, yellow to start with, 
becomes rosy (5), 

25 Society man’s girl (3). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,088 


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Ryszard Olesiak, a Solidarity 
activist, and his wife Magdale- 
na had it easier than their 
forebears — plucked from an 
Athens transit centre, spon- 
sored by the United Methodist 
Committee for Relief, brought 
in first-class style to New 
York via Southampton ami 
Bermuda, and greeted by a 
Methodist bishop on arrival. 

They suffered none of the 
trembling on certainty their 
ancestors knew as they neared 
Ellis Island, now shrouded in 
scaffolding as it undergoes re- 
birth as a memorial to 
America's ethnic heritage. 

Ryszard and Magdalen 
stuttered a few well-rehearsed 
lines about being “very 
happy* 1 . After such an intro- 
duction, the American dream 
will seem rather flat for them 
in York, Pennsylvania, where 
they are to settle. 

The flotilla of boats grew 
ever larger as the Queen 
slowely cruised round the har- 
bour, past the stadium of 
Governor's Island, where 
President Reagan, at the touch 
of a laser was to light Liberty’s 
torch later in the day. 

Playing safe with 
the torch-lighting 

More and more boats — 
barks, sloops, barges, 
launches, junks, cruisers for 
the opulent, and tall ships with 
their immaculate sailors and 
billowing sails, filled np the 
faarbonr, thousands upon 

On land, die tourists gath- 
ered. Manhattan was jammed 
with sightseers from all Amer- 
ica and beyond — including an 
unusually large number of 
French, here to bask In the 
memory of their country's gift 
and President Mitterrand's 

Lady Liberty was every- 
where — in foam-rubber head- 
bands, plaster effigies, in shop 
windows, on T-shirts, photo- 
graphic back-drops, and of 
course ontside the Kit Kat 
Club in Times Square, though 
undoubtedly wearing more 
clothes than the hostesses 

Lord Nelson, Vosper 
Thomeycroft Yard, Southamp- 
ton. 1 1.25. 

Princess Anne visits RAF 
Henlow. Hitchen, Bedfordshire, 
10: later, as Patron of the British 
School of Osteopathy, attends 
the annual presentation of 
awards. Institute of Civil En- 
gineers. Great George St, SW1, 

Princess Margaret, President 
of the National Society for the 
Prevention of Cruelty to Chil- 
dren, opens the Child Protection 
Team’s new Units: 125 Oxford 
Sl Preston, 3.45; and Wilpshire, 
Blackburn. 4.50. 

The Duke of Gloucester 
presents the Keep Britain Tidy 
Group's Queen Mother's Birth- 
day Awards, Guildhall, EC2, 

The Duke of Kent, Grand 
Master of the United Grand 
Lodge of England, opens an 
■exhibition on the History of 
Freemasonry, Freemasons' 
Hall. WC2. 12. 

£300 m boost for 
London hospitals 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 
A large cash boost to- cut joint- replacements an 
waiting lists at hospitals in hernias. 

London is to be announced Mr Fowler has been pCT- 
soon by Mr Norman Fowler, suaded by a rising tide or 
Secretary of State for Social complaints that more money 
Services. must be spent on a direct 

The move, part of Mr attack on wailing lists. 
Fowler’s campaign to restore The Treasury, taking a lead 
confidence in the National from Mrs Margaret Thatcher, 
Health Service, is included in who has made improvements 
a package which will also in the education and health 
provide more money for re- services her priorities in the 
— i— ^ — run-up to the next election, is 

cniiting consultants. 

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M* «><* to Mrs 
summer recess. Thatcher their complaints 

about the way health funds 
But their hopes that it could have been allocated to the 
be as high as £500 million will regions often at the expense of 
not be fulfilled, according to foe capital, and Mr Fowler has 
government sources last tfighL just completed his reviewMr 

a fi S ,telyt0teneaW Fowler has been carrying out a 
£j 00 million. - where the main 

The aim is cut the- queues delays are with, the aim of 
for operations such as hip increasing resources there. 

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French windsurfers sailing past the Statue of Liberty at the end of a 5,000-mile transatlantic 
crossing. The three set out in January from Dakar, Senegal, and sailed unescorted to the 
French West Indies before sailing through the Caribbean to Miami Beach and New York. 

Miners to 
meet on 
job fears 

By Ronald Faux 

Miners at the Bilston Glen 
and Monktonhall collieries 
□ear Edinburgh are to hold 
mass meetings today after 
rumours that British Coal is to 
demand another 1,000 redun- 
dancies from the Scottish Area 
work force. 

The two pits supply a large 
part of their production to the 
South of Scotland Electricity 
Board, which is reported to be 
planning a cut of more than 1 
million tonnes a year in its 
coal burn. 

The Scottish Area of British 
Coal refused to confirm or 
deny the stories yesterday. An* 
official said that after meet- 
ings between the Scottish 
NUM and coal board manage- 
ment it was agreed that no 
statements will be made. 

Scottish Labour MPs yester- 
day demanded an emergency 
debate in the Commons. 

Mr John Home Robertson, 
Labour MP for East Lothian, 
said that the cut in coal bom 
was probably the equivalent of 
the production from one col- 
liery and he criticized deci- 
sions about the future' of coal 
being made on the basis of 
artificially low oil prices. 




Continued from page 1 

know whether we are over the . 
hill or whether we are running 
into the worst crisis in the 
EECs history.” 

Meanwhile,- Mr Christo- 
phersen has proposed a sup- 
plementary 1986 budget of 
£1.45 billion to cope with 
extra ferm^policy spending 
and a £315 million cut in . 
Britain's contribution, an 
automatic reflection of the 
budget deal won by Mrs 
Margaret Thatcher to com- 
pensate for excessive British 

But combined with the 
court ruling it will save Britain 
a total of£105 million in 1986, 
while other nations are forced 
to pay more. 

The supplementary budget 
may be whittled down during 
the negotiations, but fear of a 
crippling' crisis if ihey foil is 
expected to prevent any at- 
tempt to reduce the British 

• LONDON: Mrs Thatcher 
yesterday welcomed the rul- 
ing. She has always been 
opposed to an extentum of the 
Parliament's powers (Sheila 
Gunn writes). 

Mbs Sarah Ferguson 
go up the aisle of Westminster 
Abbey to the strains of Ed. 
»ard Elgar’s Imperial Monk 
when she and Prince Andrew 
are married on July 23. 

The music for the. choral, 
service, chosen by the Prince 
and Miss Ferguson alter dis- 
cussions with Mr -Simon Pres- 
ton, the Abbey's Director of 
Music, was ajanonneed yester- 

The music will be under foe * 
general direction of Mr Pres- j 
ton, and will be performed by 
the choirs of the Abbey and ! 
the Children and Gentlemen of : 
the Chapels Royal, and by the . 4 
trumpeters of the band or the -j 
Royal Marines School of 
Music. ' . } 

The organists n31 be Mr . 
Preston, who is Master of foe. 
Abbey's choristers, Mr Hairy 
Bicket, the Abbey's snb-or- " 
ganist and Mr Geoffrey Mor- 
gan, the second assistant 

Works to be played as foe - 
congregation of WOO Sirire. , 
include the Allegro ift D by 
John Stanley, Handel's Made 
for the Royal Fireworks, 
Purcell's Trumpet , Ten* am l 
Ain 3 S Bach's Fantasia in G* 
and Air from the suite nrD and 
J S-Bach's **Nun freat eoch ~ i 
lie ben Christen g’mem". and 
HamleTs Weter Music. . 

ed at the Abbey's Great West 
door with a fanfare’ foe 
Royal Marines trumpeters. 

The motet **We wait for Thy 
loving kindness O God" by 
William McKie-wifi be sung 
by the choirs of the Abbey and • 
foe Chapels Royal and foe 
antfaem “Set Me 'as a : Seal 
Upon ThfM Heart". ty Wil- j 
Item Walton, will be snug 
unaccompanied by ;foe -tiro 
choirs' • : 

. The National Anthem will 
be performed : by the Royal 
Marines trampetecs, foe organ : ' 
and choirs. ^ Jr 

Two Mozart anfoans i 

be sung during the s^ing of 1 

the registers:* “Laudate ! 
Domuram", sung by iFeffiky . 
Lott, the soprano,' and 
“Exultate Jubilate”, by Ar- 
leen Auger, die American 
soprano: The couple will leave 
foe Abbey to foe Triumphal 
March from Edward Elgar's 
opera Caractacttz, and Crown ' 
[mpertal by Walton. ’ 


ft 1 : 


fitch up £3m 

rr! : 

i-T _ 

' -- " ' • 
•: ' 

c- r 


ftvout raised 

Princess Alexandra attends 
the Foundation Fund Concert of 
the Royal Philharmonic Society, 
Royal Albert Hall. SW7, 7.20. 
State visit 

The President of the Federal 
Republic of Germany and 
Freifrau von Weizsacker depart 
Buckingham Palace by car at the 
conclusion of the State Visit, 10. 
New exhibitions 

Kelims. Jewellery and Carv- 
ings from Central Asia; The 
Read Molteno Gallery. The 
Buildings, Broughton, 
Stockbridge; Wed to Sun iOJO 
to 6 (ends Sept 14) 

Bath's Secret Gardens: photo- 
graphs by Peter Woloszynski; 
National Centre of Photog- 
raphy. Milrom St, Bath: Mon to 
Sun 9.30 to 5.30 (ends Aug 31 ) 

Tapestries and Gardens by 
Olga Mackay and Hellen 
Collinson; Coach House Gal- 
lery, Gawthorpe Hall. Padihara: 
Mon to Sat 10 lo 5. Sun 2 to 5 
(ends Aug 3) 


Concert by the Cotswold 
Savoyards: Sl Swithun's. Leon- 
ard Stanley, nr Stonebouse. 

Piano recital by Craig 
Sheppard: Erin Ans Centre, 
Vicioria Sq, Port Erin, S. 

Concert by the ■ Halle Or- 
chestra: Free Trade Hall. Man- 
chester. 7.30. 

Concert by ihe City of Lon- 
don Sinfonia; Birmingham 
Town Hall. 7.30. 


Book Fain Brewery Arts Cen- 
tre. Kendal, today 2 to 8. 
tomorrow 10 to 5. 

Lichfield Festival: ex- 
hibitions, concerts, recitals and 
theatre, today until July 13. for 
info tel: (0543) 257298. 

York Early Music Festival: 
todav until July 13. for info tel 


Food prices 

Peaches from France and 
Italy are reasonably priced at 
10p-30p each or kilo punnets at 
95p to £1.20 each. Nectarines 
are slightly more expensive and 
there are superb pineapples 
from 65p to a £1 depending on 
size. Galia melons 80p to £1.50 
each,- honeydews 70p to £1.30 
each and water melons, such 
good thirstquenchers. at 25p to 
30p a pound. French 
Chartemais melons have just 
arrived and are selling at 90p to 
£2 each. 

New potatoes are getting 
cheaper with Jersey Royals now 
only 12p to 18p a pound and 
English lOp to I4p -a pound. 
Other good vegetable buys are 
corgeues, 30p to 40p a pound, 
Hispi cabbage ISp to 25p a 
pound. Primo ISp to 30p a 
pound, and spring cabbage. 18p 
to 30p a pound. 

Salads are excellent with a 
wide selection of lettuces, 
round, iceberg, cos. crispa and 
webb at 20p to 60p a head 
depending on variety. English 
and Dutch cucumbers 35p to 
50p each, and superb hothouse 
and open-air tomatoes 45p to 
60p a pound, beef 55p lo 80p a 
pound, and cherry tomatoes 75p 
to £l a half pound pack. 

Fish supplies should be good 
everywhere and plaice is prob- 
ably a best buy. The average 
price of lemon sole is down 7p a 
pound and haddock 4p a pound. 
Dover sole is down about 13p a 
pound and coley and smoked 
haddock should also be cheaper. 
At Billingsgate rainbow trout 
and salmon are plentiful and 
down in price. 

Top Films 


NOON TOOAY IVmmm b ibawn hi raiUbon FRONTS Wc*m 


The top box-office films In Lon? 

1(1) A Room With A View 
2(2) Down And Out -In Beverley 
. Hills 

3(3) House 
4 (- The Money Pit 
5(4 9% Weeks 
6(5 After Hours 

7 ( 7) Jagged Edge 

8 H Runaway Train 
9(6) Out Of Africa 

10(8) The Jewel Of The Nila 
The tap fihns in the provinces: 

1 Down And Out In Beverley Hflte 

2 House 

3 Fright Night 

4 97> Weeks 

5 The Jewel Of The N3e 

, SunM or Saw Mwnanarwr 

A trough of low pres- 
sure will cross the whole 
of the UK from the west 
during the day. 

9am to midnight 

The pound 


s pil l 


Sunrises Sunsets 
450 am 920 pm 

Mean rise Moon sets 

2.12 am 7.41 pm 
New Moon: July 7 

Yugoslavia Dnr 

Rates tor small denomination bank notes 
onty as suppted by Barclays Bank PLC. 

Retea Price bides 3S&0 

London: The FT Index dosed down 0-9 at 


High Tides 

Parliament today I £250, 000 bond 



j Mhil iiiTt 


Concise crossword page 

destitute boys. Dublin. 1845; 
Calvin CooUdge, 30th president 
of the USA 1923-29. Plymouth. 
Vermont. 1872. 

Death si. Williaiir Byrd, com- 
poser, .Stondon Massey. Essex, 
1623: Samuel Richardson, nov- 
elist {Pamela), London. 1761: 
John Adams. 2nd President of 
the USA 1797-1801. Qumev, 
Massachusetts, 1826: Thomas 
Jefferson. 3rd President of the 
USA 1801-09. Monticello. Vir- 
ginia. 1826: Janies Monroe, 5th 
President of the USA 1S7I-2S. 
New York, 1831; Marie Curie. 
physicisL Nobel laureate 1903 
and 1911. Hute Savoie. 1934; 
Wladyslaw SHtorski. prime 
minister of Poland 1922-23. 
Gibraltar. 1943. 

Pollen count 

The pollen count for London 
and the South-east issued by the 
.Asthma Research Council at 10 
am yesterday was 171 (very- 
high). Forecast for today, simi- 
lar. For today's recording call 
British Telecom's Weatherlinc: 
01-246 8091. which is updated 
each day at 10.30 am. 

Tower Bridge 

Tower Bridge will be rased today 
at Il.lOam. 3.50pm. 6.30pm 
and 9pm. 

Timp, Portfolio Cold rules jre as 

1 Tunes Portfolio Is free Purchase 
of. The Times IS nol a condition of 
i<ikinq mti 

2 Timm Portfolio U&l comprises a 
aroup of puttee companies whose 
shar«fi are Ihled an l hr Slock 
Eartianac and quoted In The Times 
bloct. Exchange prices pane. The 
companies comprising that IN will 
chanip* from day lo day The Usi 
iwhifh is numbered 2 - 4di is divided 
inlo four randomly distributed groups 
oi is nhares. Eiery Ponfcrilo card 
ronioms i«vd numbers from each 
group and each card contains a 
unique ser of numbers. 

normal way Times portfolio win be 
suspended for that day. 


In the columns provided next to 
your shares note the puce ctuuige <* 
or In pence, as published m that 
day's Times. 

After listing the price changes of 
your rtghl shares for Uiat day. add up 
all etght share changes to give you 
your overall foul plus or minus i+ or - 

Check your overall total agalmf The 
Times Portfolio dividend published on 










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Lords ruling paves way for 
September TSB flotation 

*.:'tnc | * * Sacfe*, 1 “taj® ■ 

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girl <rf | *a !>* Ab&% 
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125.95 (+0.45) 


US Dollar 
15455 (-0.02) 

1 W German mark 
, 3.3615 (-0.06)- 


j 762 (same) , 



■ _ -Thtf approach by Femizri, 

. the Indian agribusiness sfoud! 

fonhe S&W Berisford cora- 
modities trading company 
•* '‘was referred .to the Monopo- 
'-;'jfe and Mergers Commission 
yesterday. A proposed take- 
. over of Berisford by Tate & 
.Lyle is already under consid- 
eration by the commission. 

■ Ferruzzi made the request 
■for referral last week when it 1 
- 'announced h was still seeking 1 
control of Berisfond’s British 
.'Sugar subsidiary. It now has a 
2X1. .per cent stake in 
Berisford, the majority of 
.. which was acquired in May 
from Hillsdown Holdings. 

Davy advance 

* .Davy Corporation , the 
process engineer, lifted pretax 
profits from £13.1 million to 
£16.3 million in the year to 
March 31. Turnover was up 
front' £581 million to £594 
million. The final dividend is 
3.7p, taking the total pa 4.8 p, 
up from 3.7p. 

Tempos, page 19 

Fitch up £3m 

• Fitch Lovell; the food man- 
ufacturer, lifted pretax profits 
from £16.3 million to £19.7 
.. million in the year to April 26. 
Turnover was down from 
£463 million to £461 million, 
and the final dividend is 7p, 
taking the total to 10.5p, up 
from 9Jp- . . . . 

Temp«s,page 19 

Payout raised 

.-.I^nrho. announced virtual- 
ly unchanged pretax profits of 
f7hl mniion fbr : - the * six 
months to March . 3 L Jora- 
^^^iwtf’abwt Tptfr cent to 
£1.27 billion. The dividend is ; 
. raised bylOper cent to4p net 
Tempos, page 19 

^ ■"!. »V . t ' 

Surprise bid 

USNfquoted Meadow Farm 
arid it was thinking of match- ; 
- rag a surprise £3.1 million bid 
for Noith Devon Meat made 
‘ by Hillsdown Holdings. The j 
120p-r a_ share bid 'from 
Hillsdown, which is being 
rea>mmended by the North 
Devon board, is 47p above the 
earlier terms from Meadow 1 
Farm. " 

Morgan fall 

■ Morgan Grenfell shares 
closed at 486p on their first 1 
day of trading yesterday hav- 
ing' opened at 51 6p. The 
tender, -striking price was 
500p. Market report, page 19 

Thames ebbs 

■ Thames Television had a ; 
more^ subdued session after 
going to a far premium on . 
..Wednesday and finished with 
dV-bp'fal! at 224p. County 
;.Bank, ; which handled the is- 
sue, is likely to protest about 
the delay by the Post Office in 
dispatching substantial num- ; 
hereof allotment leiters. 

Team moves 

Barclays deZoete Wedd has . 
acquired the swaps team of Mr < 
Malcolm Walley, Mr Carrier- , 
on McNeiU, Mr Nigel Fox and ■ 
Mr Jeremy Preddy from 
Shearsoii Lehman Brothers J 
International. j 

Broker’s view • 

Engineering group 
-McKechnie Brothers claimed 
it was. winning its battle to - 
fight off the £160 million 
. unwanted takeover bid from ? 
Evered Holdings. i 

BAT sale j 

BATUS. the American re- \ 
tail arm of BAT Industnes. [ 
has reached agreement on the j 
sale of 77 of its 93 stores ( 

offered for sale. Growffi so far t 

this year at the stores BATUb f 
is retaining, including oai» 3 
Fifth Avenue and Marshall e 
Field's, is very encouraging, l 
the company said. 

A September flotation of the 
Trustee- Savings Bank ap- 
peared likely last night after 
the dismissal, by the House of 
Lords, of the challenges to the 
planned £1 billion flotation in 
the Scottish and English 
Courts. These legal challenges 
have delayed the flotation, 
which was originally planned 
for last February. 

The Lords yesterday grant- 
ed the T$B the .declaration 
which it had previously sought 
in the Hi§h Court, that the 
TSB depositors were not enti- 
tled to the assets of the TSB 
over and beyond the return of 
their deposits plus interest 
; due. 

The declaration, stipulates 
that the depositors have: “no 
present or future, actual or 
contingent, right, title or inter- 
est to or in the surplus assets 
of the Bank." 

The Lords decision should 
end the legal challenge to the 
flotation. However, the 
solictors acting for Mr James 

Japan acts 
to halt 
dollar fall 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 

The Bank of Japan inter- 
vened heavily in the foreign 
exchange markets yesterday lo 
prevent a politically embar- 
rassing fall for the dollar below 
160 against the yen. 

The elections to both houses 
of the Japanese parliament 
take place on Sunday, and the 
strength of the yen, and its- 
effect on the economy, has 
become an important issue. 

Japan's intervention, in Far 
Eastern trading, did not pre- 
vent the dollar from weaken- 
ing in the London market 

It was saved from larger 1 
foils fry the early closure of the 
New York foreign exchange 
market because of the Fourth 
of July' holiday, and position 
squaring by dealers ahead of 
the US holiday weekend. 

r The- dollar, fcfl to 161.40- 
against the yen, from 163.05 at 
the previous close. 

The dollar has only once 
fallen below 160 yen in the 
post-war period, edging briefly 
below that leveldunng May. 

The expectation remains for 
a cut in the US discount rate— 
indeed there were strong mar- ~ 
\ ket rumours yesterday that 
■this had already been decided. ' 

' A fall of 89,000 in US non- 
farm payroll employment last 
month confirmed the markets' 
opinion that the economy is 
very weak and that the Federal 
Reserve Board will be re- 
quired to act by cutting the 
discount rate. 

The pound gained 90 points j 
to S 1 .5455. The sterling index 1 
was unchanged at 76~2. 

By Lawrence Lever 

Ross, the retired civil servant 
who mounted the original 
challenge in the Scottish 
Courts, and Dr John Vincent 
who brought the English ac- 
tion. indicated that an appeal 
to the European Court of 
Human Rights was not out of 
the question. 

The TSB considers that 
such an approach 7s doomed 
to failure. A TSB spokesman 
said: "Our advice is that it 
would be unsuccessful. A peti- 
tion to the European Court 
must demonstrate that some- 
thing has been expropriated 
and the Lords made it clear 
today that this is not the case 

The TSB made it clear last 
night that it would not foot the 
legal costs of any European 
challenge, as it has done to 
date, in the interests of procur- 
ing a swift resolution to the 
legal issues. 

Sir John Read, chairman of 
the TSB, made it clear yester- 
day Lhai he regarded the Lords 

Sir John Read: “end of 
the legal process** ‘ 

decision as marking "the end 
of the legal process." 

He said that the bank "will 
now discuss its immediate 
plans with the Treasury. No 
firm dates for the proposed 
notation can be given until 
this has been done". 

The Treasury must appoint 

Oppenheim claims 
control of Aitken 

By Richard Lander 

Mr Nick Oppenheim, the. 
financier, yesterday claimed 
to have won control of the 
Ailken Hume financial ser- 
vices group after his all-paper 
£80 mitljon offer received 
more than 50 per cent accep- 

However, he met with the 
continued rejection of the bid 
by the Aitken board on the 
grounds that the company 
would.lose its valuable Ameri- 
can fund management group, 
NSR. if the takeover went 

Aitken has maintained that 
a successful bid by MrOppen- 
heim would lead to NSR 
changing hands and having to 
gjve up all its management 
contracts under United States 

In a statement issued after 
Mr Oppenbeim's Tran wood 
Group claimed 50.35 per cent 
acceptances. Aitken said eight 
of the nine independent NSR 
directors had said: “if 
Tran wood succeeds in its offer 
the independent advisers will 
recommend an alternative to 
NSR as adviser to all its 
mutual funds. This would 
result in Aitken Hume losing 
its principal asset". 

Mr Oppenheim has made it 
clear that the bid would not 
proceed unless NSR retained 
its investment contracts. 
However, he said last night 
that the directors had made 
their statements before 
yesterday’s acceptances decla- 
rations and that they would 
change their minds when he 
spoke to them in New York 
next week. 

He said: k T have no trouble 
in believing that we will clear 
the problems next week. Mor- 
ally we control the company," 
he said. Ailken said it had no 
objection to Tranwood speak- 
ing with the independent NSR 
directors even though they 
had expressly wished not to do 

Tranwood topped the 50 
per cent mark after an “eve- 
ning raid" on Wednesday, in 
which the stockbrokers Phil- 
lips & Drew and Prudential 
Bache bought 12.38 per cent of 
Aitken’s shares — worth £9.3 
million — on foe stock market 

The two brokers paid I65p 
each for the shares, foe same 
value placed by Tranwood’s 
IO-for-1 share swap- offer. 
Aitken shares fell back to 1 56p 
yesterday. . 

Tough SIB rules likely 

By Lawrence Lever 

Againkt foe mark, the dollar 
fell by a pfennig to DM2. 1750. 

Herr Karl Otto PoehL foe 
Bundesbank president said 
yesterday that be did not 
consider foe mark to be too 
strong against the dollar. 

An uncompromising stance 
to misleading advertisements 
appears likely to emerge from 
draft rules governing foe ad- 
vertising of investments 
which are expected from foe 
Securities and Investments 
Board at foe end of foe month. 

The rules will be issued as 
part of foe conduct of business 
package which SIB is promul- 
gating in anticipation of re- 
ceiving foe power to regulate 
investment businesses under 
foe Financial Services BiiL 

Among foe key points of foe 
SIB proposals will be foe 

requirement for businesses 
which infringe foe rules to 
publish retractions, and to 
offer investors their mtjney 
back in foe case of infringing 
off-foe-page advertisements. 

The rules, which have not 
yet been completed for publi- 
cation, appear likely to insist 
that all advertisments state to 
which self-regulating organi- 
zation the advertiser belongs. 

They should also lay down 
strict criteria for financial 
projections which show foe 
likely future performance of 

M&S on course after slow start 

A disappointing start to foe 
year, because of unseasonable 
weather, has been offset by 
subsequent sales in foe hot 
weather. Lord Rayner, chair- 
man of Marks & Spencer, said 
at yesterday's annual meeting. 
Sales and profits are now on 
target, he added. 

The M&S board yesterday 
received a mandate from 
shareholders to make whatev- 
er political contributions it 
deemed appropriate. In foe 

past M&S has contributed 
regularly to foe Conservative 
Party through British United 
Industrialists and to foe Na- 
tional Committee for Elector- 
al Reform. 

A total of 50 million share- 
holders voted against political 
donations compared with 263 
million in favour. 

The M&S charge card- has 
attracted nearly 1-25 million 
cardholders in 1 5 months and 
is used in (0 per cent of sales. 

foe company said. It tends to 
be used for higher priced 
purchases, with foe average 
around £27. That is £2.50 
more than the average cheque 

M&S will branch into mail 
order in home furnishings in 
foe autumn. The move will be 
in conjunction with N Brown, 
foe mail order subsidiary of 
Coats Viyella, foe textile com- 
pany which is an important 
supplierof M&S. 

a vesting day on which foe 
Bank's assets will be trans- 
ferred to a new holding com- 
pany. as a prelude to the 

Privately, foe TSB is hoping 
for a September flotation 
which it hopes will attract one 
million small shareholders. It 
considers that a September 
date would be sufficiently in 
advance of the privatization 
of British Gas which is sched- 
uled for the end of October. 

The legal issue over the 
ownership of foe TSB was 
sparked offby Mr James Ross, 
a retired civil servant and a 
TSB saver for more than 40 
years, .who was granted a 
declaration last October by the , 
Lord Ordinary, Lord David- 
son . that the TSB Scotland's 
assets belonged to its 

This was overruled in 
March, while a paralell action 
in the High Court, bought by 
foe Reverend John Vincent on 
behalf of English depositors in 
April was also unsuccessful. 

PEP boost 
for building 

By Our City Staff 

The Government is to intro- 
duce an amendment to foe 
.Building Societies Bilk which 
will allow foe societies to 
market and manage foe new 
Personal Equity Plan an- 
nounced by the Chancellor, 
Mr Nigel Lawson in this 
year's Budget. 

The announcement, by Mr 
Ian Stewart, the Economic 
Secretary to the Treasury, 
contained in a Parliamentary 
written answer yesterday, fol- 
lows hard on the heels of foe 
Government's decision to al- 
low societies to offer personal 
pension schemes, which it 
announced in May. 

“The Government believes 
that building societies have a 
potentially important role to 
play in encouraging the growth 
of wider share ownership un- 
der foe Personal Equity Plan." 
Mr Stewart said yesterday. 

Not an societies will, howev- 
er, be able to take advantage of 
the new powers to promote 
PEP and cany oat investment 
management services of the 
underlying investments. Soci- 
eties with commercial assets of 
£100 million or more will be 
: able to carry out both the 
marketing and investment 
management functions. 

They will have to do so 
through a subsidiary of the 
society, which can either be 
wholly owned or In the form of 
a joint venture with another 
investent company. 

Those with commercial as- 
sets bdow £100 million will be 
able only to market the PEP 
I plan. 

Investors in the PEP plan 
will not pay capital gains tax 
on shares within foe plan 
while income on the shares 
will accrue tax-free. 

The Building Societies Bill 
is now going through the 
Committee stage in the House 
of Lords and will become law 
in foe first half of 1987. 

The Bill introduces a wide 
range of liberalizing powers 
which will enable it to offer 
new services such as unse- 
cured loans, money transmis- 
sion services and overdaft 

The proposal to include 
PEP within the societies' re- 
mit, should complement pow- 
ers in the Bill enabling 
members of foe -public to boy 
and sell unit trusts and ordi- 
nary shares through societies. 

- Societies will also be able to 
act as estate agents, insurance 
brokers, and, to a limited 
extent, will be able to offer 
conveyancing services. 



Dow Jones 1902.14 (-6.89) 

NmSdow 17691.81+21.88) 
Hong Kong* „ , « om 

Hana Sena 1757-5o(-Z-Bo/ 

Amsterdam: Gen 291 .0 (+2.01 

Sydney: AO — — 1135.8 (-13.9) 

SSjank 1900.9 (-13.0) 

KSjS* 697.77 (+17.06) 

StacAc: 385 J (+7.70) 

SMGeneral 521-00 (-3.70) 

London dosing price* Page 23 



Thom EMI 

Western Motor „ 

Davy Carp 

jaguar — 

Metals’ 58% 

Metals Exploration said ft 
owns or has acceptance for 
almost 58 per cem ofHamp^ 
ton Gold Mining. Area* for 
which it is offering 150p a 


Rank Base: 10% 
g^nonthlrrtehank 1^54* 
3-month eligible b 033*10-9 ie% 
buying rate 

Prime Rate 850% 

Federal Raids 6 


Wig fails ..... 

Hjngram - 

Reed Executive 

CE Heath 


De Beers 



Bbosey & Hawfces 

Befl Group 

Willis Faber 

Mercury int 


Desja n Holdings 

— 443p (+10p) 

— 4B4p f+lOp) 

..._ 225p(+22p) 
123p (+I0p) 
— . 183pl+10p) 

— 1780p (+40p) 
.... 175p(+10p 

200p (+20p 

— 438p (+13p 

— 333p +10p 

— 552p (+12p) 
— 920p (+1Sp 

... 775p(-15p] 
- 340p(-35p 
.... 426p -15p 
... 768pi-40p 
... 260pM5p 
... 725p -2 Sd 

aiiiac. prime 

• Standard Chartered’s foird 
defence document, pubnsnea 
todav. urges holders to contin- 
ue to reject Lloyds Barit bid 
and to elect to stay wifo an 
independent Standard I Char- 
'aeredBaak Standard says t»»t 

Lloyds’ offer is ^ holl y 



£ $15455 
E DM3.3615 
£ SwFr2-7324 
£ FFr10.7335 

D lndex:76.2 

New York: 
$; DM2.1730 
S: Index: 113.6 

ECU £0.639547 
SDR £0.766483 


London Fixing: 

AM $34350 pm-$343.85 
Ctoge S343.75-344.25 (£222.00- 

New York: 

Cornex $342.00-342.50 


Ount (Aug } .i~ $10.40 bbl (11.00) 




A wide range of computer appoinlmentsappears every Tuesday: . 





Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Markets shrug off 
gloomy portents 

The latest upset for the Government's 
privatization programme, the 
postponement of the sell-off of the 
water authorities, was announced too 
late in the day to have much impact 
on financial markets. The question of 
whether there is any life left in the 
privatization programme after gas is 
now, more than ever, a valid one. 

The Treasury maintains that the 
postponement of water will not cause 
a dent in privatization receipts, 
planned at £4.75 billion this year, and 
for each of the following two years. 
The question of pressure on the public 
sector borrowing requirement of- 
ficially does not arise. 

But, come the public spending 
battles of the autumn and the PSBR 
could re-emerge as a concern, in the 
same way that sterling M3 has caused 
furrowed brows inthe past couple of 

Yesterday, in the gill market, such 
concerns were forgotten amid the 
hopes of cheaper money. After three 
sets of bad money supply figures, it is 
argued, next Tuesday's have to be 
good. Add in the prospect, not- 
withstanding Germany’s refusal to 
join in, of lower interest rates world- 
wide, and the markets can see a very 
good chance of lower base rates before 
the month is out. 

There were gains of as much as a 
point at the long end of the market, 
building on Wednesday’s rises on the 
first day free of capital gains tax. 

The Bank of England has gone as far 
as the Treasury will allow in hoisting 
the caution signals over base rates. If 
the momentum for lower rates builds, 
it may be hard to resist. 

. Indeed, for central bankers the 
world over, summer holidays will 
come as a welcome relief from the 
relentless pressure to cut interest rates. 
Karl Otto PoehL the Bundesbank 
president, looks capable of making it 
to the beach with his interest rates still 
intact. But for Paul Volcker, die 
chairman of the US Federal Reserve 
Board, the position is not so certain. 

Another set of weak employment . 
data yesterday added to doubts about 
■ the strength of the US economy, and 
served notice on 'the Fed that another 
discount rate cut is required. The US 
bond market took heart from this, 
helping an already sunny gilt market 

The Bundesbank's promised good 
news at yesterday's press conference 
following the fortnightly council 
meeting was that monetary growth 
had come down to an annual rate of 
65 per cent, but was still above the 3.5 
to 5.5 percent target range. As a result, 
Herr Poehl saw no room for manoeu- 
vre on interest rates. 

On the day of the announcement of 
another set of sub-zero inflation 
numbers in Germany — the cost of 
living in June was 0.2 per cent down 
on a year earlier — this has the flavour 
of hair-shirt economics taken to ex- 
tremes. On the day that the French 
president, Jacques Chirac, announced 
the intention of abolishing exchange 
controls, Germany’s caution begins to 
look overdone. 

Consensus on gas 

A concensus view is emerging in the 
run up to the £5 - £6 billion 
privatisation of British Gas (which 
there is no stopping) — albeit from two 
of the stockbrokers advising the 
Government Yesterday’s weighty 
document from James Capei follows a 
similar report from Wood Mackenzie 
in late May and .makes equally 
cheering reading. 

British Gas in an efficient, well- 
managed and successful business with 
an impressive track record and should 
provide an attractive investment 
. opportunity, says the report. The BG 
board is strong and well-established 
and, unlike British Telecom, there has 
been no organisational dislocation in 
preparation for privatisation. 

James Capei, with a timing advan- 
tage on the earlier study, is able to 
evaluate last month's details on the 
pricing formula and capital structure 
of the corporation. On a pro forma 
basis, the £2.5 billion of debt will 
mean net debt to shareholders funds 
of some 30 per cent, an acceptable 
level, in comparison with other utihies 
and energy companies worldwide. 
Similarly the RPI-2 formula is 
deemed a realistic and achieveable 
target for the future: “The overall 
effect is to protect consumers where 
necessary, but also to leave British 
Gas with considerable control over its 
own destiny.” 

The fall in oil prices is expected to 
have some short term impact on the 
business but on a longer view is largely 
neutral. Fuel oil may now be compet- 
ing effectively in the industrial bulk 
heat market but British Gas's supply 
prices are linked to oil product prices 
and, with a one to two year lag, will 
follow them down. 

British Gas will offer investors their 
first exposure to the UK’s integrated 
gas industry. As a solid utility 
company, James Capei believes Brit- 
ish Gas will help fill a gap in the mar- 
ket for high quality income stocks. 
That must surely mean a yield of 
above 7 per cent The trouble for the 
Government is that British Gas is 
going to be a “people’s share”, with 
preferential allotments for customers 
and free shares for employees. And 
after British Telecom, “people 
shareholders” will inevitably be look- 
ing for a handsome capital gain as 

Tlie Scottish American Investment 
Company, or Saints as were known to 
investors, has a scheme catering specially 
for private investors. 

too many 

On the other hand, when the 
marker is weak, you may be discouraged 
from investing at a time when the 
greatest gains aie possible. 

Regular Saving will smooth out 
these extremes. 

As for Saints performance, last year 
our share price rose by 31%. (The FT- 
Actuaries All-Share Index 

makes it easier for both existing share- Regular Saving will smooth out 

holders and hew investors to accumulate these extremes. 

Saints shares. As for Saints performance, last year 

Thanks to the Scheme, you can our share price rose by 31%. (TheFT- 
investwithless trouble, and ^ ^ Actuaries All-Share Index 

at lower cost, than if you ^r| ^ rose by 15%). 

were to buy the same shares W^C&JLl. JLL>0 We increased our 
on the Stock Market Scottish dividend by 17% and the 

The Scheme has duee American Investment ATTG Statistical Savfce 
options: • — f* — PLC 5 — placed us 6th outot 138 

Regular Saving enables ^ m PS7 • — other investment trusts in 
you to save regular amounts each month terms of share price performance during 

for investment in Saints shares the year. Since 1945 our share price has 

( minimum amount £25 per month). risen by 7 3 times and our dividend by 


We increased our 
dividend by 17% and the 

( minimu m amount £25 per month). 

Dividend Reinvestment lets Saints 
shareholders reinvest their dividends, or 
those of any other public company, in 
Saints shares. 

Occasional Savings and Gifts 
allow you to contribute lump sums for 

Ifor the private investor Regular 
Saving is partial' 1 £ 

larly attractive. I 1^^ ^ 

The Stock ^ 

Market is volatile 

The Saints 

66 times. 

By investing in Saints you 
have a stake in an international portfolio 
of shares which also indudes smaller 
and unquoted companies. 

We also pay out quarterly divi- 
dends so that our investors can see the 
fruits of their investment more swiftly. 

♦ j IfyouEliketo 

find out more about 
»*"*■*■ us, please complete 

. ^ ’ the coupon. 


■ Ssewwt Iviny & Cbtofsiii^ 


C&Awe Spare, Edfnbtagb.HCS 4HW ft) 3271. 

ingtiSdienw: mid a eppy of Tbc Sajnt5.19'S5 Annual fitppg 

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France to 
lift most 



Paris (AP-Dow Jones) — 
France is to lift most of its 
currency constraints shortly, 
M Jacqoes Chirac, the French 
prime minister, said yester- 

He made the announcement 
at a forum of business leaders 
bnt did not give a detailed 
picture of what measures the 
government plans to take. 

Earlier, the trade minister 
M Michel Noir alluded to an 
impending relaxation of 

M Jacques Chirac Currency 
measures on the way 

France's currency controls in a 
speech before the same fornm. 

The measures, which are 
part of a plan to promote 
French export growth, were 
expected to be announced 

Farther easing of the con- 
trols also fits into the aim of 
the economics minister, M 
Edouard Balladurs, of remov- 
ing all controls on commercial 
transactions before the end 
this year. 

Rough diamonds cut 
out highest sales 
level for six years 

By Richard Lander 

Sales of rough gem and 
industrial diamonds by the 
Central Selling Organisation 
(CSO), the cartel which mar- 
kets about SO per cent of 
diamonds sold around the 
world, surged to their highest 
level for six years in the first 
half of this year. 

Figures released yesterday 
by the CSO. an arm of the 
South African De Beers group, 
showed sales' amounted to 
$1,214 billion (£ 809.333 mil- 
lion) in the half year, a rise of 
23 per cent from the previous 
six-month period and 45 per 
cent higher than the first half 
of last year. 

Sales last exceeded this 
figure in the first half of 1980, 
when they reached $1,567 

In rand terms, which reflect 
the profits feeding through to 
the De Beers accounts, sales 
totalled R2.710 billion 
(£71 1.286 million). 

This was only 15 per cent 
above the second half of this . 
year because of the rand’s 
slight appreciation against the 
dollar so far this year, but 62 
per cent higher than a year 

Yesterday’s figures provid- 
ed further proof that the 
diamond market, which suf- 

Sales ! 

Smfllion O 





fered a severe slump in the 
early 1980s when investment 
demand collapsed, is building 
further on last year’s strong 

This year, De Beers an- 
nounced that its huge dia- 
mond stockpile had finally 
stopped growing at about $1.9 
billion, while in April the CSO 
announced the first price rise 
in gem diamonds for three 

In a speech to the World 
Diamond Congress in Tel 
Aviv last night. De Beers 
Chairman. Mr Julian Ogilvie 
Thompson, said that trade 

stocks had at last fallen to 
suitable levels and that there 
had been a small reduction in 
the group’s own stockpile and 
borrowing levels. 

Trade stocks are now esti- 
mated to be at only a quarter 
of the level held six years ago. 

Mr Ogilvie Thompson 
said:“We believe that stocks 
in the pipeline beyond us are 
now in a much sounder rela- 
tion to retail turnover and that 
demand for rough diamonds 
from the CSO is now back in 
balance with present produc- 
tion for the first time in many 
years.” he said. 

He added: “We can there- 
fore all look forward to the 
future with confidence”. 

Increased demand, which 
had been confined to larger 
sized, higher quality stones 
last year, had. he said, spread 
across the range of sizes and 
qualities, although a De Beers 
spokesman said there was still 
strong demand for diamonds 
weighing more than two car- 

The spokesman said retail 
sales had been strong in the 
United States, the biggest 
market, and had been helped 
elsewhere by the falling dollar 
which reduced prices in local 

BES funds 
will be 
able to 

By Lawrence Lever 

The Government has derid- 
ed to amend the provisions of 
the Financial Services Bill to 
allow Business Expansion 
Scheme funds to advertise. 

. The amendment will be 
introduced at the standing 
committee stage in the House 
of Lords where the bill is 
scheduled to receive its second 
reading next Friday. 

The decision follows repre- 
sentations by promoters of 
BES funds to officials at the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry, and concern at the 
ban on BES funds expressed 
by the Treasury, which pio- 
neered the business expansion 
scheme, allowing individual 
tax relief on investments of np 
to £40,600 a year in qualifying 
unquoted companies. 

As drafted, the provisions in 
the Bill relating to collective 
investment schemes stipulate 
that only authorized unit 
trusts can advertise, a struc- 
ture which BES funds cannot 

The Government, however, 
is planning to create a special 
regime for BES funds, allow- 
ing them to advertise while 
retaining their present 
s tr u ct u re. 

The bill will also be amend- 
ed to allow personal equity 
plans to be advertised. 

Anglia Secure Homes comes 
to USM with £10m tag 

By Alison Eadie 

Anglia Secure Homes, the 
East Anglian' builder of shel- 
tered housing for the elderly, 
is coming to the Unlisted 
Securities Market with a capi- 
talization of about £10 mil- 

Mr Peter Edmondson. 
Anglia's chairman, saw the 
need for sheltered housing 
while working as an estate 
agent in Frinton-on-Sea, Es- 
sex. Many couples retired to 
bungalows a few miles outside 
Frinton, but when, some years 
later, one partner died, the 
surviving partner was left 

Mr Edmondson founded 
the company in September 

1982 and. quickly made a 
success of it Taxable profits 
have risen from £20,000 in 

1983 to £445.000 in 1985. 
Profits of £800,000 are fore- 
cast in the year to September 

Peter Edmondson: plenty 
of scope for expansion 


Anglia has a total of 14 
sheltered housing schemes in 

The details of the placing, 
done through Cayzer and 
Phillips & Drew, will be 
announced next week:. 

New businesses beat obstacles 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

New businesses set up un- 
der the Enterprise Allowance 
Scheme (EAS) are surviving 
despite lack of business expe- 
rience and training, financial, 
difficulties and competition 
from the black economy. Lon- 
don had the highest survival 
rate after one year's operation 
of 84 percent 
This -was the conclusion 
yesterday of the Small Busi- 
ness Research Trust after con- 

ducting a survey. The EAS 
provides a weekly £40 allow- 
ance in lieu of social security 
benefits to encourage the job- 
less to start their own 
- businesses. 

Although the trust’s survey 
was effectively an interim 
report on the EAS, it ‘found 
many of those involved felt 
the allowance period should 
be extended beyond the 
present one year. They were 

figures alarm 
US economists 








S? 1 





(And tint’s just a small percentage of the 

service we have to offer) 

From 1st July 1986. The Mortgage Corporation rate is 
reduced to anew low level. Which is excellent news for both 
housebuyers and those thinking of remortgaging. 

However, our rate isn’t the only special thing we offer. 

The speed of our service is equally remarkable. In fact, we 
could send you a preliminary offer the same day we receive 
your application. 

We also assign you your own Personal Mortgage Con- 
sultant, to ensure your mortgage goes through smoothly 
and efficiently. 

And were a company with specialist expertise, part 
of one of the worlds leading financial institutions with an 
established reputation in the area of mortgage finance, and 
over £60 billion worth of assets. 

If you’d like a free personal mortgage quotatioa and full 
written details, call 01-834 8444 between 9am and 7 pm or 
send in the coupon below: 



| Please send me your brochure and application form. 











Send to: 

The Mortgage Corporation. 
Application Service. 

BS 3-via 



Do .VM* | 

B5N> P 

The Martga&a C<xpQratjm 

£&SagJg .A single man aged 25. buying* house for JMttOOO.and applying to ua Tor an endowment morrgAge of E5CL000 m be secured over 25 years on the prepert* andon^ncndcmmenipobcv 

Monthly endmmem P ran aim £5705. rvi mamhh- mon&age payment SJ8LM 

^Calculated to tndude £65 valuation foe and £150 total fee. Buikhnfis insurance land politic mortgage metan rvlj insurance! will also be required Our Intcresi rate i*. variable. 

The .Mortgage Corporation Victoria Plaza. Ill Buckingham Palace Road. London SW1W USR a aubaidkir) oF Salomon Inc We reourre a fm* mortgage over the property Me ahn require the assignment of an approved We 
assurance policy lor pofiora.1 as additional semnh. A mott^W ftiwattiec policy nuy also be required. We onF> lend ainounib meveesy of rape table at iheendufthctcrmand wcuill not k-n^iol>onwvcn> under iM years u/cuie. 

Offer available in England and Walt-, onh 

New York (AP-Dow Jones) 
— The US ecooony remains 
weak and needs the stimulus 
of lower interest rates, econo- 
mists said yesterday after the 
June unemployment figures 
were issued. 

The economists were partic- 
ularly alarmed at the non- 
farm payroll report — which 
showed a decline of 89,000 
workers, another dedine in 
manufacturing jobs and a 
decline in the manufacturing 
work week — rather than the 
civilian unemployment rate, 
which fell 0.2 percentage 
points to 7.1 per pent 
“If you get divergent mes- 
sages, you should invariably 
rely on the payroll report,” 
said Mr Charles Lieberman, 
director of financial markets 
research at Manufacturers 
Hanover Trust 
The payroll report is based 
on a survey of businesses, and 
is widely seen as more reliable 
than the jobless report which 
is generated from a survey of 

“The payroll report is a very ■ 
decisive sign that there is 
cumulative weakness growing 
in the industrial sector of the 
economy,” Mr Stephen 
Roach, senior economist at 
Morgan Stanley, said. “It is a 
source of major concern for 
those of US worried about the 
economy weakening.” 

Anaiyszs said the June pay- 
roll report regarded as the 
most important single month- 
ly economic indicator, im- 
plied a dedine in June 
industrial production and 
modest growth in personal 

More importantly, it seri- 
ously cast doubts over pros- 
pects for a recovery' in 
economic activity in the. sec- 
ond half of the year. 

The data wiir present one 
more reason for the Federal 
Open Market Committee to 
ease policy when it meets next 

• “The implication is that 
there is a need for another cut 
in the. discount rate, and 
possibly even more than one,” 
Mr Lieberman said. 

The strike by 155,000 work- 
ers at AT&T, the huge tele- 
communications group, 
depressed the payro.U report, 
the Labour Department said. . 

The department also re- 
vised down the growtlrin May 
non-form payrolls to 125,000 
from the 149,000 previously 

In the transportation -and 
utilities sector of the -payroll 
data, where telephone workers 
are categorized. June employ- 
ment fell by 92;000. 

Jobs in thegpods-producing 
sector dedined by 105,000 
workers in June and service- 
sector job growth was 16,000. 
In* manufacturing, jobs de- 
dined by 56,000, bringing to 

160.000 the loss since die 
beginning of the year. 

Among the key parts of the 
household survey, employ- 
ment increased by 563,000 in 
June, following a gain of 

218.000 in May. 

Analysts said- the big job 
gains in the household survey 
appeared to reflea high school 
ancT college students entering 
the market and finding sum- 
mer jobs. 

outlines strategy 

From Bailey Morris, Washington 
Mr Barber Conabfe, the new process". He said he did hot 

have a grand scheme * to 
change the internal structure 
of the bank. Mr Conable.said 
he expected Japan’s relation-, 
ship with die bank to grow 
substantially as it sought new 

president of the World Bank, 
said alleviation of poverty will 
be the main business of the 
multilateral institution under 
his leadership. 

He promised to redirect the 

bank and expressed his strong ways to recycle its huge trade 
concern over the increasing surplus. Given the “fight- de- 
“ polarization of r - - - - 

which divided rich and poor 

He said he saw his role as 
one of co-ordination, drawing 
together the various interests, 
institutions, commercial 
•banks and governments iii a 
concerted drive to achieve 
sustainable growth in develop- 
ing countries.' 

“We have a mutual depen- 
dence. Il is in everyone’s 
interest to achieve develop- 
ment goals which wil] reduce 
poverty which is of such 

fence burden” Japan carried. 
Mr Conable said he en visaged' 
a fuller participation in the 
collective “debt alleviation of 
the world” by Japan. - 
It could include in. the 
future a special facility or 
funds financed by Japan to be 
held at the bank. 

Mr Conable said the bank 
must have increased resources 
to cany out its new mission of 
making large adjustment 
loans designed to achieve 




operation or planned, jwfth a 
further four subject to being 
granted planning consent ft 
builds half its own schemes 
and contracts out the other 
half, ft also does all the 
management of the complexes 
once they are occupied,.a& well 
as taking on management for 
other sheltered-bousing devel- 

Mr Edmondson believes 
there is plenty of '-tape: for 
expansion, with the nsing 
proportion of elderly in . .the 
population. He plans. fp move 
into advanced care — the stage 
beyond sheltered housing - as 
the proportion of the elderly 
rises to an estimated 1 million 
aged 85 and over by me end of 
the century. 

worried about the approach- 
ing 18-month danger- point 
which tends to arise m the- life 
of new businesses.. 

But a quarter of the : busi- 
nesses . which had ; survived 
their first year were also 
sufficiently successful to have 
provided jobs for .others. 

Most of the. new. entrepre- 
neurs seemed pleased with 
their new businesses, the crust 
found. . - . - . - ■ 





jfci- . 

rr - . 


i"- - 

tor fin a | 



growth in developing coun- 
strong concern.” he said. request a general 

He acknowledged his lack of increase from, the 

experience in both banking i?f n jfJ^jker natiores. but 
and development and said he Oecl tried to specify the 

and development and said he 
would use the first months of 
his tenure to learn both the 
workings of the bank and the 
issues which face it as it 
assumes a greater role in 
resolving the debt crisis. 

Mr Conable also said he 
expected to make structural 
changes at the bank which he 
hoped would be “an orderly 

amount or timing. 

He said timing in moving a 
request through the US Con- 
gress is all important. 

Mr Conable said he did not 
agree with the rising number 
of proposals calling for large 
writedowns of debts in devel- 
oping countries to allow them 
to return to a growth pattern. 


Bremner vote delayed 

A IUmI.i _<* .L. .. n . . * 

A lively meeting of the 
Scottish stores group Bremner 
was adjourned yesterday until 
August I before shareholders 
could vote for the reappoint-: 
mem of Mr James Rowland- 
Jones as chairman. 

His predecessor. Mr Mi- 
chael Black, had promised to 
use his shareholding to vote 
against the resolution con- 
firming the appointment of 

Mr Row]and-Joncs~ and two 
other colleagues. There has 
been a dispute about die 
running of the company and 
the heavy losses it has marie, 
Last night Mr Rowfand- 
Jones said; "I am quite confi- 
dent that the shareholdeis-wfil 
want me to carry tin. They 
have been very, disturbed ’by 
what has taken place stf .-tiot 
company.” ’-'t • 

j;* # v.n. 






fttthT? or ni- n 
tezicfi '2? su §I?W 



Davy sets out on long Morgan Grenfell debut disappoints 

^JSPb back to the top 

way . to 1 »o ra bSS I S aS ;f *5® ???_$? 29 cent stake in A exchange rate movemci 

36rer^m^ £5 - 4milUonor w °nh m million over four aonal, which has hotels in 

^ ssjss £ rjs s jssa ^ “ d 

the return on the £50 million grow and merge the new . _ ' _ 

plus spent in the past four operations. A f “ nher &**** 

way to go before it ’can siaitc L" £ excha nge rate movements, 

convince a sceptical City mav mMn n ? C K-If V! Tv W t! 1,ch and W h is wilh Lonrho. 
audience that it is no loneer a ihoiioh^? a blt L wl ^bllow. Pretax profits at the interim 
recovery stock but has genu- haw^ni ,^ £ S d jP Pobab,y ^ge to March were virtually 
the growth proiiS? S o be on friendly terms, static at £71.1 million, com- 
yestMday’s resu&^Snm ^ v >' P 3 "* wi,b mi raiuion in 

IS -* SUS!5« a £*"*“** •»“ ta 

SMres bounced up 10 p to speed ve multiple of only non given at the interim stage, 
lA# , , eight. Until it has turned the it appears that the African 

ih B Q?^^^ casedby coraer fro™ recover? to companies traded very well in 
■ mite to £163 growth, that rating is unlikely the period, but adverse cur- 

SumLSj ■ . m “ J, on, but to improve. ■ rency movements in some 

-the .underlying increase, aJ- caused profits reported in 

lowng for £4.3 million (£ 1.1 Fitch Lovell sterling to fall. 

dS C °S S^iTi iTi: . Similarly, the weak dollar 

-■ tafftatalSf 5 SS SfftTL SZSTgiS afltaed.tbe msohs 

Dealers gained an insight mance scoring gains of more 
inio whaz conditions might be than £ I as hopes rose of a cut 
like after the big bang during in US interest rates soon, 
first time dealings in Morgan Optimistic dealers were 
Grenfell, the merchant bank, hoping this might spark the 
yesterday. Bank of England into action 

Struck at 500p the shares on the domestic front Mean- 
made a disappointing debut while, the Government broker 
and after hitting 516p, their was able to sell remaining 
best level of the day. quickly ■■■■ .... . ■■ ■■ 

lost ground as the stags felt Pearson, the publishing and 
over themselves to try and financial services gronp, 
realise a profit. jumped another 15p to a new 

After dipping below the peak of 600p yesterday amid 
500p level before lunch, the whispers that Mr (van 
shares then met with support Boesky, toe international arbi- 
from an unexpected quarter tragenr, had been buying more 
when the newest marketmaker shares in the company. He 
Nomura Securities, the To- may now bold a near 5 per cent 
kvo- based investment house, stake. Pearson shares have 
came in lo buy tbe shares. The leapt more than 80p in toe past 
move by Nomura caught three weeks adding around 
many of London's big broking £157 million to toe group's 
firms, including Morgan's capitalization, 
own broker Cazenove; by _ _____ _ 

a-a supplies ofthetaplet Treasury 

It also rem-oded deakrsof ^ 

the huge financud .iraouras ^ leadere> &e- 

Ihal some of these overseas c ] onII10se 7p K) 440p a i, ra j 0 f 
companies can wield. But L t nn ^ nn 

By Michael Clark 

The Americans were also 
big buyers of Unilever, 40p up 
at £17.80. Jaguar responded 
to the latest US sales figures 
with a 1 3p rise to 579p. 

Tran wood stepped up the 

500.000 Aitken shares at I65p 
taking its total holding to 
8.173 million, or 17.89 per 
cent of the equity. 

Marler Estates, the proper- 
ly group, held steady at 500p - 

pressure in its battle for just 5p shy of the year’s high — 
Aitken Hume, the merchant despite the news that Glen 

E4S WtfiTrt 

atitv w; 

J*ib- of 

plus' spent in the past four operations. A f “ nher ve&tve &*** 

years on redundancy and Yesterday’s figures gave was . tremora from the 

reorganization- Most of that some encouraging indicators ®3 rt h*l uak E. which devastated 
amount was charged below with pretax profits up from Mexico City were felt in 
the line m 1 983-83 and in zhe £16.3 million to £1 93 million. Acapulco, and although there 
following year. Davy charged Acquisitions made during the ^ 85 ,tde da P a ®, e ’ tbe are ? k** 
£5J million below the line year, which include Bluecrest , been somewhat less popular as 
last year, as well as £ 4.3 a fish processor, contributed a destination, as a 

million above the line, which less than £1 million. result 

Should give rise to further Its attempts at integrating In contrast Lonrho's Brit- 

bank. by announcing that it 
had received acceptances and 

International, the alternation- 

undertakings giving it 5035 Shares of Great Universal 
per cent of the issued share Stores *A' held steady at 
capital. However, some of the £ll.40despitea pvttonmghof 
acceptances are not yet valid around I million shares, worth 
under Rule 10 of tbe Qty nearly £113 million, by 
Code on Takeovers and Cazenove, the broker, in late 
Mergers. trading yesterday. The shares 

Tran wood can now official- were sold at a small dis count 
ly rely on acceptances totall ing to the ruling market and 
31.79 per cent of the equity, appear to have been found a 
But its financial advisers Phil- home with toe minimum of 
lips & Drew, the broker, and fnss. 

Prudential Bache have been ■ — 

buying more Aitken shares in a investment house con- 
ihe market trolled by Mr Terry Ramsden, 

On Wednesday they picked had taken its stake over 5 per 
up an extra S.658 million cent with toe purchase of an 
shares ( 1 238 per cent) at 1 6Sp extra 35,000 shares, 
for themselves and various 

discretionary diems. There This takes Glen's holding in 
have also been other buyers in Marler to 280,000 shares, or 
the market Rawda Invest- 5.61 per cent Marler contih- 
ments has picked up another ues to be tipped as a likely 

per cent of the issued share 
capital However, some of the 
acceptances are not yet valid 
under Rule 10 of the Gly 
Code on Takeovers and 

T ran wood can now offirial- 

ipplies of the taplet Treasury 
4 per cent 1997. 

Among the leaders, Bee- 

Brim a 


n rod 


oulti r.e 

ttetr too r> 


last year, as well as £ 4.3 a fish processor, contributed a destination, as a 

million above the line, which less than £1 million. result 

Should give rise to further Its attempts at integrating In contrast Lonrho's Brit- 
savmgs m the years lo come, acquisitions have, however, ish interests were buoyant 
Tbe company points out had mixed success. Last year’s especially hotels (including 
that some of the profit in- reorganization of the specialist the Metropole hotel chain) 
crease came from its newer grocery companies, for exam- and printing and publishing 
activities, such as plants for pie. came loo near the Christ- (including The Observer and 
producing aluminium foil mas ordering season to be of the Glasgow Herald), But this 
and magnesium develop- help and actually cost £1 was enough only to offset the 
mem. It admits, however, million in profits. translation of overseas earn- 

Ihat toe iron and steel indus- The company is looking to ings into sterling and other 
tries still account for between bigger targets than it has hit to effects elsewhere. 

35 and 40 percent of profits, date. It has, however, now Being so much at toe mercy 
but rays there is increasing absorbed its cash and ended 0 f exchange rates, and having 
emphasis on refurbishment last year with net debt off 1 6.5 so many diverse interests, toe 
rather than building new steel million or 27 per cent of main ones being mining, mo- 
plants. shareholders’ funds. Follow- tor distribution, financial ser- 

Most of toe 15 per cent ing various disposals that ratio ^ leisure, it is a 
increase in toe order book will soon be down to 15 per hazardous business to make 
came from Britain, and much cent. profit forecasts, 

of it from one subsidiary. With plenty of ideas on how 

Distingtoa Engineering, to spend money, it is not 
which Davy acquired from surprising that the company is ^,^L f 
British Steelier this year, putting less emphasis on divi- fWAouUteiMemA^* 
■ American orders were down, dends than it used to. Last 
While the British orders 
may be relatively secure, 

Davy could find difficulties 
in persuading toe City that its 
exposure to China, where it is 
now involved in no fewer 

t (be 

vbich * 

year’s dividend was covered P „ 1 t0 . c . J. on 
10 times, martnnallv more full year to September. 

■maw be relfllivelv secure 1-9 times, maiginaUy more ... , w 

Davv could find difficulties ^^ e pre ^ ous S; Th ” p^dTSaMd^.U^ M«nr, Intenational 45p to 
in persuaebngthe City that its * ““ ly 10 at toe interim stage, £d fellen 76 ^„ _ of lhe eQuitv 

r o ^vo?v 3 “n no^ M Wp tha shares *U &i*Z&2igSE "’^et s^t alacSusu?^ 
ihan 40 nroiecit is enuaHv only 2.6 per cent and trade on investors’ attention ap- 

kZctiVe only 122 times earnings, a*- parentiy taken up by moS 

. , suming a 20 per cent pressing issues like Henfy, 

This vear should see lower ■ r_ tu:~ t ha i fn- pc r cent for toe year as a Sn—uKi—. < — :~i— 

JSSmSS™ Kad^mnleSd last night’s seminar in London 
after Nomura had completed ^ manag ers 

tis purchases it withdrew from by fjoare Govett, toe 

the market leaving Morgan b _. if J 
Grenfell to its own devices. As 
a result, the price resumed its 
downward journey finishing 
at 486p — a discount on the 
striking price of I4p. EQUITIES __ 

Several large put toroughs JSSc P (!sftf p isotl 

that were attempted m the Arnier (i30p) iia +3 

shares were blocked by the Artnginn /ngp) w* 

other marketmakers who were bmw»c»Yi 45 p) 21 ^ B 1 « 

content to mark toe price aipei (374p> 40 

lower. Bbck ( 147 Pi i 4 i +2 

Dealers and stags alike were JSgJ im ~i 

Iasi night again complaining campbeu Armstrong (nop) 100 
binerly about toe tender g*®* i® 
method for new issues, which B^oueT&p) ee 

they argued offered little in- Denatron (58p) 65 

centive to investors. — — 

The lack of support for 
Morgan Grenfell had an ad- 
verse affect on the rest of the _ _ 

merchant banking sector. £ £ 

Some markeimen said that the I 

sector was now looking over- I V - '■ 

valued . Rivals like Brown A A ® 

Shipley fell (5p to 535p, Hfll 

Samuel I2p to 40lp, Leopold m 

Joseph 20p to 500p, Klein wort £ 

Benson 35p to 8D0p and ^ I 

Mercury International 45p to J 


The rest of toe equiQ' 

al investment house con- 
trolled by Mr Terry Ramsden, 
had taken its stake over 5 per 
cent with toe purchase of an 
extra 35,000 shares. 

This takes Glen's holding in 
Marler to 280,000 shares, or 
5.61 per cent. Marler contin- 
ues to be tipped as a likely 


Eathe <39p) 

Evans Halshaw f120p) 
Fields (Mrs) (i«Op) 
Guthrie Corp (I50p) 

Lopex (145p) 

Monotype (57p) 

Morgan Grenfell (500p) 
Smafltwne (I65p) 
Soundtracks (40p) 

Task Force (95p) 
Templeton (2l5p) 

Tenby Inds (112p) 
Thames TV (i9Qp) 


Amari N/P 5'.'+'? 

Antofagasta N/P 100 

Boasa Masskni F/P 2S 

Costaln N/P 100 -2 

Da La Rue N/P 180 +10 

Ersklne Hse N/P 9+1 

Five Oaks N/P 16' 

Friendly Hotels N/P 5 -'a 

Ibstock Johnson N/P 32 -1 

Inti Signal N/P 45 -8 

Leigh Interests N/P 1 

Pineapple N/P ID -2 

(issue price in brackets). 

takeover target and is current- 
ly capitalized at around £25 

This would be well within 
toe scope of Glen which, 
despite its previous low key 
image, is reputed to have 
ample financial resources. 

Stakebuilding news was 
good for Sketchley 7p higher 
at 461 p. The various invest- 
ment arms ofMercnry Securi- 
ties, one of toe biggest 
financial houses in London, 
has again been buying more 
shares in the group. It has 
picked up another 125,000 
shares and now controls 4.535 
million shares (19.08 per 

IBbmy Group, toe con- 
struction to roadstone, prop- 
erty and mechanical services 
specialist, firmed 2 p to equal 
its high of 1 60p after learning 
that John Govett, toe invest- 
ment company, now speaks 
for 3.5 million ordinary 
shares, representing 23.66 per 
cent of that class of stock. 

Mr Richard Giordano, chief 
executive of BOC Group, has 
taken exception to recent 
press reports suggesting there 
was trouble in toe boardroom 
at the industrial gases giant 
following toe appointment of 
Mr Desmond O’Connell as 
managing director of Gases 
and Health Care. The group 
rays there has been no “board- 
room shake-up". BOC slipped 
lp to 298p. 

Shares of Barrie Invest- 
ments & Finance, which rose 
from toe ashes of Abwood 
Machine TooL rose f£p to a 
new peak of I5p on renewed 
takeover talk. 

This year should see lower 
rationalization costs and pos- 
sibly a 10 per cent increase in 
the~underlying business, sug- 
gesting profits of more than 
£20 million, back to toe level 
achieved in 1982. With recov- 
ery in sight, the company is 
feeling more confident 
Acquisitions are planned 

suming a 20 per cent 

increase-This suggests that in- pe h r ri 1 “ , ]i r S^ 0 l h L r y ^ i! 
vestors can affordto lake toe emrungs per share sue 

company's ability to manage 

its acquisitions on trust, enlarged toare capital (there 
H was a one for 10 capitalization 

Lonrho »** in A P riI >- 

At a price-earnings ratio of 
Any company which makes 9.4, there is clearly some bid 
nearly 70 per cent of its profits premium in toe current price 
overseas will be vulnerable to of2S5p. 

pressing issues (ike Henly, 
Wimbledon and cricket. 

Turnover was down to a 
trickle with toe FT 30 share 
index losing an early lead to 
finish 0.9 lower at 1,365.7. 
Tbe broader based FT-SE 100 
share index was 0.5 down at 

But gilts perked up after 
their recent dismal perfor- 



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McKechnie shareholders: 

f ; McKechnie^ share price: 


Everecfe increased offer worth: 


• _ _ _ — ■ .... — 

Evened^ offer higher by: 


Our final offer* for AAcKechnie is above, 
your final time for acceptance is below. 

Mon 7th 

“Profit attributable to 
shareholders at a 
record high” 

R W Rowland, Chief Executive 

It is with pleasure that I am able to present the half year figures with an increase in profit 
before tax to over £71 million and profit attributable to shareholders at a record high . 

Profit attributable to shareholders at £34.7 million is up by 20% compared with last year 
and earnings per share have risen by 28% . The second interim dividend has effectively been 
increased by 10%, as a dividend of 4.00 pence per share has been maintained on the 
increased snare capital following the 1 for 10 capitalisation issue. 

Our African companies have traded very well during the last six months. Companies 
operating in some of these areas have been affected by adverse exchange rate movements, 
and tbe result has been to reduce profit when reported in sterling. The substantia] profit 
improvement In our U.K. activities has had a beneficial effect on our results, thereby 
enabling us to report an overall increase in both profit before tax and profit attributable to 

Our hotel interests in the United Kingdom have performed well, but the results of Princess 
Properties International have been affected by the decline in the U.S. dollar and a short term 
reduction in the popularity of Mexico as a holiday location following the earth tremors. The 
opening of our new casino in Queensway, London proceeded successfully, and this casino is a 
fine addition to our prestige gaming activities. 

Production at our mining operations has increased, as compared with last year. 

The acquisition of ten Scotch whisky brands, including the famous Haig brand, by our 
subsidiary, Whyte & Mackay, has further strengthened their position by making them the 
second largest distributor of Scotch whisky in the United Kingdom. 

The Group's printing and publishing operations have reported a marked increase in 
profitability, which is a very pleasing result in these highly competitive markets. 

I am confident that the Group's pattern of consistent growth will be maintained during the 
rest of 1986. 

3 July 1986 

The unaudited results of the Lonrho Group of Companies 
in respect of the six months ended 31 March 1986 are as follows: — 

0 in* 

fc/ : ■ 
jud Tb. 



Evered ^ 


Profit before tax 

Minority interests 

Profit attributable to 
before extraordinary 

Earnings per share 

The Group's share of the turnover of associates for 
the six months ended 31 March 2936 was £277. 7m 
11985— £328. 8m) and is excluded from the above. 
Profit before tax indudes profits from associates of 
A5.4m (3985— £l6.6m). 

Tax charge? becauseof the incidence of accelerated 
capital allowances, the tax charge provided at the 
half year can only be estimated. 

Gamings per share have been adfusted for, the 
capitalisation issue on 25 April 1986. 
Extraordinary profits £4.9m (1985— £47 ,4m). 

6 months 
to 31 March 






6 months 
to 31 March 











The Board has declared a second interim dividend of 
4.00p (1985— 4.00p) per share (equivalent to 5.6338p 
per share including the related tax credit) for payment 
on 1 October 1986 to shareholders on the Register at 
29 August 3986. This dividend is in addition to the first 
interim dividend of l.OOp (1985— l.OOp) per share 
(equivalent to 1.4286p per share including the related 
tax credit) declared on 30 January 3986 and paid on 
4 April 1986. The cost of the first and second interim 
dividends amounts to £l5.0m (1985— £13. 4m). 










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Breakthrough on standard tariffs 

By Derek Harris 

A standard tariff* of charges for small 
businesses is to be introduced at Lloyds 
Bank branches today, the first time this 
has been done by one of the big clearing 

There has long been critcism from the 
small business sector of the way alll bank 
charges are made. Until now they have 
tended to be struck individually, banks 
having varying guidelines for different 
services. The new Lloyds system is 
intended to answer such criticisms by 
enabling customers to calculate in ad- 
vance what their charges are likely to be. 

The standard charges will not apply to 
everybody because some company deal- 
ings have unusual features. Lloyds says 

Rich pickings 
from porkers 

By Robert Temple 

Meat that tasted as meat used to in the 
lSth-centnry can be savoured as a result 
of Anne Petch's Heal Farm Quality 
Traditional Meats. In November, 1981, 
Anne and her husband Richard sold SO 
acres of their 80-acre farm at Umbedeigh 
in north-west Devon, along with all their 
sheep and cattle, to pay off their farm 

Then, dear of old debts, they set op a 
partnership and approached the local 
bank for an overdraft and raised £60,000 
to start a new venture. 

They were convinced that the public 
would be interested in paying slightly 
more for meat that “tasted like it used to" 
— entirely free from additives. They 
stocked only rare breeds of traditional 
pigs, such as Berkshire, Tamworth, 
Gloucestershire Old Spot, Middle 
White, and Large Black. 

Some of these pigs are squat have 
almost no snouts at ail and are covered 
with long hair. Most butchers will not 
deal with them “because they don't fit the 
machines, being too short". 

Today Anne and Peter have SO sows, 
eight boars and between 300 and 400 
young stock (for slaughtering). They 


that branch managers will .anyway still 
have discretion to vary charges. But the 

new rates are expected by the bank to 
apply to between 80 and 90 per cent of its 
small business customers. 

Lloyds says it has pitched the new 
charges to be competitive overall with- 
out necessarily undercutting the opposi- 
tion. But it is giving guidance to small 
businesses on how charges can be kept as 
low as possible such as by using direct 
debits rather than standing orders or 
more extended use of cash-dispenser 

The tariff is undoubtedly a .big step 
forward. A small business should obvi- 
ously still shop around because depend- 


‘Of course they're high! The time it 
takes you to pay up, inflation will have 
made them cheapf 

Anne Petch and traditional roast 

wean their pigs at eight weeks instead of 
10 days and hare only two litters a year 
instead of the average 2.25 litters of 
modern pigs. Everything for meat pro- 
duction is done on their form and in their 
buildings, apart from the slangfatering, 
which is carried out by a local abattofr. 
The rare breeds are traditional outdoor 
pigs that are capable of living on a low- 
cost system of grass grazing ami natural, 
additive-free feed. 

The meat products cost about 20 per 

■ Small specialist wine merchants 
have been facing daunting competition, 
especially from the big supermarket 
chains, which now account for much of 
the sales of mass-appeal wines at £2 
a bottle and less. It has meant woefully 
squeezed profit margins for the small 
wine merchant, creating a need for 
financial management skills which ail 
too few merchants possess. To help the 
specialist merchant cope, the Wine 
and Spirit Association Is encouraging a 
series of seminars around the country 
hinged on financial management 

Nick Gent the association's chairman, 
said: "The problem is that while these 
merchants do know their wine and can 
offer a good service in consequence, they 
all too often do not know about cash 
flow." A feature of the seminars will be 
individual examinations of audited' ~ • 

accounts to help diagnosis of problems. 

• Contact: Wine and Spirit • _ ■ ! . 
Association, Five Kings House. Kenhet 

ing on the needs of a particular business, 
one bank might offer the best deal for a 
particular service. Lfoyds for instance 
will charge 50p for manual entries over 
the counter but only 20p for electronic 

Lloyds is also setting up other new 
services for small businesses. One is an 
export-debt insurance scheme for those 
without an Exports Guarantee Depart- 
ment policy. Another is what will be 
known as a telepay system, which by a 
telephone call can use the : Bankers 
Automated Gearing Services system for 
paying salaries and suppliers, thus 
minimizing paperwork.More rash is 
bang allocated for business loans, with 
the maximum rising to £1 million. 

cent more expensive than average meat, 
but Anne says the value is better because 
the consumer gets more meat. Her 
products all lack water-retainers, stabi- 
lizers, soya slurry extenders and other 
common additives. 

Anne puts the least amount of saltpetre 
in her bacon or any producer in Europe, 
uses uo ' other preservatives and her 
animals are entirely free of the hormone 
injections and antibiotics common in 
mass market meat The garlic Hi W t 
flavours her sausages is from fresh cloves 
grown in the Isle of Wight Her products 
are prepared in real brine, not artificially 

Turnover for November 1981 to 
A prill 982 was only £3,000. But from 
such tiny beginnings she had a turnover 
of £150,000 in 1985 and expects 
£200,000 this year. The business became 
profitable at the beginning of 1985, and 
most of it has been ploughed back into 

Turnover grows at about 30 per cent a 
year steadily. There has been no outside 
finance and the ownership and directors 
are simply Anne and Peter. Anne runs 
the form and her husband does most of 
the deliveries. 

But Anne and Peter have no intention 
of taking on other people. Anne says: 
“The Germans have a phrase ‘learning 
with your own money 1 rather than with 
somebody else’s. It's a much better 
lesson. 1 * 


Wharf Lane. Upper Thames Street 
London EC4V3BH. Details of a two-day 
course at the Blackwood Hodge 
Management Centre, Northampton, 
planned for July 8 and 9 by the Drink 

Cooper, Tam^x^ga^^e^d 
Ridge Road. Fairy Bar, Brimingham 2T2; 
phone 021-356 7797. 

■ The London Enterprise Agency 
(LEntA) has brought out a guide to 
starting a business, together with 
sources of help and advice in the London 
area. Getting Started \s the gathered 
wisdom from running its one-day courses 
for would-be entrepreneurs during the 
past six years. All the basic issues for 
those setting up in business are 
covered from finance sources and finding 
premises, to market research and 
selling. Thera are some especially useful : 
contact lists. 


OUR Distributors earn on average £250- 
£350 P-W 

CAN you spare 2/3 days per week 
ARE you fit, active & intelligent with a 
bright personality? 

WOULD you be capable of calling weekly 
on retail outlets to re-stock display 

HAVE you got a reliable car, station 
wagon or small van? 

TOTAL Capital for stock & advertising to 
enable you to own and operate your own 
business as exclusive distributor in your 
area is £4950 

IF you can provide excellent references, 
this could be your opportunity to become 


Tab Guy Stevens ons- 
021 704 9083 


Amazing cries cuts by Apricot Iflt enable us to after brand nm 
hard wonting desktop busfaass micros at laaa than half price 
Witte current stocks last The FtO Is manufactured I* Apricot 
and comes whh fitt 12 months back to work parts end labour 
warranty. Thousands of p rogr ams , faduefing such watt- know n 
products as Lotus 1-2-3. DBase IL Acoowtam aid Wordstar, 
are also manatee. 

Apricot FID 099410 {End. VJLTJ 
Comprisfcig 512K RAM. 10MB Winchester. 720KB Happy. 

9 inch Green Monitor. Keyboard. Mouse, Gam - point and 
press - Desktop System. Basic. 

Bnsfaeas Peck, EMBlOO (EuL VJLTJ 
Comprising FID. Supowriter Wort processor. Superette 
Spreadsheet. Supeiptannsr Executive Diary. Epson LX-80 
primer and cables. 

1 . Ookvery to wxv door can be arranged or come and see the 
system wurkttg In our ofttoes and take one away with you. 
Larger screen, cotour, networks and other printers ail avafl- 
aUe as options. Never had a computer? Register with our 
tot-kne and recava our (otophone hanb-hokSng serwoa. 

2L Send an M SAE lor ou- Into. Pack or telephone id reserve 
your system. 


lamitm K3 3HM 

Tet 81-349 2151 



A range olltalian decorative 
waB coatings that flaw 
enjoyed outstanding success 
throughout the world am now 
avadtbie for ttis Brsl time in 
ttK United Kingdom 
This excellent range of 
products is to be distributed 
through an exclusive network _ 
ol distributors and agnts. 
that have a proven track 
record ol success In ttm 
budding, plastering and 
decorating industries. 

' B you are a pUsfgtgr or 
decorator who is considering 
adding or replacing a ament 

product range with a product 
that has proven market 
appeal and substantial pmttt 
potend oi -we would like to 
talk to you. 

Mtotmum capriat outlay 

For further Information 
regarding this business 
opportunity please contact In 
writing enclosing tun personal 
and commercial curriculum 

Contact Piazza Ltd 
iSAtamein Road 
Swansea SAl 2HX 


Available from long established and quality approved 
manufacturer for August and September. 

Contact Carol Arthur 

Tel: 01-622 9900 or telex 918741. 


You could have your own business to the £60bn foe! 
efficiency market as an mdapendant distributor for the 
market leaders. 


H you have H & V or Road Transport and Sales experience, we 
could help you to a satisfying, successful and independant career 
to the Country'S largest growth industry. 

Write in confidence for datafe to 


Brook House, Shifnal, TF11 8AF. 


yfr ft w,fi .w : rift ip aJE 

1 r a ^ * > 

IrYITTiiT \*m 1 1 4 j ,T m o ? i tV V ’-H i ) -i'A 

For fotber information write to: 

4 Arena Parade, Leichwortb, 

Herts. SG6 3BY 


Hnllinn M primr company with euaurra UJt. and anneal 
onirilqi EadErin mb to acquire or enter hue a joint venture whh 
e xmB reappny rnpffed in advanced tneimokyy product*, ladang 
mum u develop ihrfr lull potential. Elating aaapn u and 
e ep e un e amU br Mamed. 

Principals mlf sfemiU (depfeetM: 

0622 55287 


In today's modern age of advanced communica- 
tions can your company afford to- lose business by 
not having facsimile and telex? Silhouette industries 
supply, install, service and tram operators is telex A fac- 
simile machines, gn outright purchase, lease, or 
rental nationwide. 

For farther informalkm: SShoaette Industries Lad, 

01-582 4155 


people. Reliable answering and diaiy 
service available. Call R.P.A. Service 
01-892 0926. 

for sale. 

A li railed Dumber of high spcrifioiion stand alone tela 
terminals featuring two hK telex, disfc store and comprehen- 
sive word processing. Compfctr system including primer from 
£1.873 (+ VAT). 6 months warranty, nationwide maintenance 
service available. 

Telephone 01-247 6305. 


Businessman forty ex major MBE solicitor seeks 
London accommodation in exchange for ser- 
vices. Recently separated. 3-4 hours per day 
available. Possibly manage private and business 
interests. CV and references supplied. 

Reply to BOX B!8 


Equal partner required with £40,000, to help 
highly professional service company consolidate 
planned acquisitions in London and South East 
with a view to some public participation within a 
considered period of time. 



Growling wholesale & service business with office 
plants and related garden systems in Frankfurt area 
with good connections to banks, hotels, offices & chain 
stores seeks represenlation/cooperation with UK com- 
panies. Enquiries to P.0 Box 410, D-607B 

Tel: 6102 25025. 


If you are a large company manufacturing 
quality products and would like to export to 
America, we are established in America 
with large customers who are looking for 
new products. 

•1 -MA ! f \ *4.] U 

PC com patib le. 2S8K RAM, twin floppy drives, key- 
board. 6 expansion slots, serial and paraM ports, ootour 
graphics adapter, MSDOS £499 + VAT. 

XT compatible. Same as above with one floppy disk drive 
and 20MB fixed disk drive £899 + VAT. 

Limited period only 
Teh 01-609 0061 


"Unique fashion shop 
in BristoUdoGt 

Tel: 0666 52756. 


Business with superb 4 bedroom detached house plus 
stables and paddock. Ideally situated 2 miles West 
Yorkshire town and M62 in country position with 
panoramic views. On a main road. Present owner 14 
years. For sale as a very profitable going concern 
£150,000 + SAV. 

Tel: 0422 201209/202654. 

v/;Vu w aij 

Coal sites, sand and 
gravel pits, quarries, 
open cast mining, tips, 
land etc. Participation - 
outright purchases. 
Large funds available. 

Reply to BOX B20. 



EbetrioVtighting business. 
Est 22 years. Lancs/Ywis 
border, town centre. 

Living nccom <3 bedims, 2 
recepsl and property 1st 

Good turnover and profit. 5 
day week, no staff required. 
Law ov er hea ds . 

Details 0282 812105 




tnvesuneni company for 
sale. Sole assets comprise 
IS meter, twin screw motor 
cruiser and 1 5.000 sq me- 
ters land on Casa Del SoL 
Gnranued na Hihilitin 
£25400 Tet: 01-262 1151. 


1. A new 5 star Hotel hi 

Location within the 
prime and tourist bed 


* 255 rooms and suites. 

* 2 restaurants. 

* 3 bars. 

* Swimming pod. 

* Discotheque. 

* Hoof-top Banquet 

* Car Park for 200 cars. 

Readers are advised to seek - professional 
advice before entering into any Form of 
ag reem ent, or parting with any money. 
When replying to box. numbers please 
do not enclose original documentation 
and mark the box number clearly on 
the top right hand _ comer of the 
envelope and return it to: 

R O BOX 484 



With or without 
financial participation 
required to establish a 
new scismis data 
acquisition company, for 
oil-well exploration on 

Technical collaboration 
specifically required for 
selection and operation 
of geophysical 
instruments to coiled 
field data, and for 

processing the daia to 

final geophysical logging 
reports to clients. 

Companies interested m 

offering such 

collaboration reply in IS 
days to> 

Indo African 

Exports LaL, 
Faimorth Min, 
Ashton Road Wat, 
Fmbwortk, M3S OFR. 

2.48 unit luxury a p a rtm en t 
block m Hong Kong • 

(a) Luxury furnishings 
and fittings 

(b) Panoramic view of 
Hong Kong harbour 

For details please contact 

Hanry Hong, 
from 9am to 5pm. 

Teh 01-221 4881 
Or 01-221 2570 


Bristol dty centre night 
dab. Superb location. 
Newly refurbished. 
Excellent turnover, 
finance possible. 

Serious enquiries only to 
BOX B17. 

SIMMY FLORIDA. Qualify for US 
rrodniry iu a buslnm pur 
flmflrom STS.OOO. Culm) p.a minimum Income 
Biai nw ImHUiMiib from 
SlCJ.OOO returning up- din- 
•tend. Longnl nlatunhrd 

UK USA resettlement mnuu 
ny Brush American 

Consultants Ol 404 SOI 1 

«al mUulanl S': acres. Beau 
uful countryside, (ourtsi route. 
Est 10 yts Feus l«e slone t*w. 
■urns, edm etc. FFi.35O.OQ0 
Poes. families. Tel. iOIOSSi 
biT 58430 


Based in Earn tun pa t. o 
Very «ood lease Only bonafne 
anoucanis need apply. Reply lo 

BON 821 - 


snap of ifmr own. rtjmprehen. 
air romr of natural bodycarr 
preduris ax allaMe H erpfami. 
Canterbury, CT2 6W. 

evrellenl polenlldl. slork. equip, 
me nl- moulds, knowhow. Grand 
or run from home Offers 
053186 t>n 

PME. 2 Kiosks Book- Quay 3 
yn arcs Fart food A roof, T 
met C 08000 New lease 
£80.000 Tel: 0202 4M19I 


Attractive freehold 

campsite for sale. 
Accommodates 600 people. 
Contains supermarket, 
bar/restaurant plus usual 
amenities. 3 star NN. 

Phone: 01-223 9700 







Eliminate CGT. Rod over relief 
is universally available safely 
and effectively in a way wNch 
offers good returns and avoids 
risky business vertures. 

Ackrill Carr pic 

Ffcencal Services 

Item Home. Hqlq tat BiofegbraNGItP 

Mwnd M* Hattnp PIC an a 
util Hunt prop convoy engaged 
on ai mhhi g oar w ww- 
Or seres are tooted m rtrong 
uMn straw*} schemes sere 
ng the ntgenws poputown at 
tffa pMcufa scheme caschman 

wt’wMid tte to dscuss weft any 
todmo company, nhofcsaltr v 
sole fades oho consder ttem- 
sahes to be ol a cative u aperato 
a concessun danarinwai to our 
sum. iBMnaHy. regoaiy or on a 
angle am baas. 

Any product prom conadered. 
Wife or lelwMne « atoig your 
product to 1 

Item A Hubtimson. 
had Sales Deactor. 

Advanced Betafl 

i Liiiipiite n r 

nowmp n_u, 

P0 to 10. 

Knutstord WA16 8«c 
Tal. (05651 53960 

<10 ■ font). 


I travel extensively and enjoy 
the best things in life. I now 
need bey people who are seri- 
ous about making top money 
and who possess a wilting- 
ness 10 work hard towards 
■lac prospects of retiring. 
Ability to speak French or 
German an asset- An ability 
to invesi in the region or 
£20000 is envisaged. 

Phone 01-641 3148 
or write 

Mr. Campbell 
12 Raeburn House, 
Brighton Road. 
SottiNU Surrey SM2 SJH. 




Marketing multi-user turn- 
key business systems, 
based an sophisticated 
4th generation software 
and the market leader 
mini computer system, 
wishes to expand existing 
sales space. Association 
is sought with a company 
or individual who provide 
marketing expertise with 
some capital investment 
Reply to BOX A58. 

erty magazine in the 
home counties seeks 
urgent substantial 
investment to expand 
and maximise on its 
proven potential. 

Tel: 01-534 7691 . 

Ref: AS/JN. 



sate. Ert 2 yean. I o 

£lOO.OOO+. profllabte. SWA 

area. I'tr done rtie hart work, 
you can ort tne rewards! Reply 
io box e»a. 


'Wc offer for residence pur- 
poses our office in IXisscMorf 
equipped with representative 
fiirmturr and professional of- 
fice services. 

All kinds of communication 
facilities arc available includ- 
ing mi and data set as wdl as 
cuculalion computer. 

Our secretaries master die Ian-, 
wages English. French and 
German. By request we offer 
to lent modern fumhured of- 
fices. The personnel placed at 
disposal rave been screened 
(bribe handling of confidential 
documents. In special cases 
ihn are authorized to deal 
with top secret fifes. 

Wc reserve out right to select 
the interested panics in defer- 
ence to competitor reasons. 

PUmsr tw uwct. 
SfiDWEST Aircraft Service 
Technical Cuns ri ta n cy 
P.O. Bn 14 03 72 
4000 DusscMacf/FRC 
Telex 0588799 
Tel: 21 1/6*6196 



OrysroSno tha defats at your 
fames proves and soul 
events, V IP rnceptipn. togatic 
anangsments. 5fafl raawtment. 
head huntmg, catering and 

fljrg us B d iscuss you r special 

Your Mm On Tin Gratmd 

A persona! assistant* semko 

Tel: 01-727 4443 



Also full range of 
professional counter 
equipment M.T. 
Limited, PO Box 133, 
St Peter Port, 

Tel: 0481-53316 
UK agent 

David Chamberlain 

July offer onfy 


2Qmgb. S40K Ram 
Mono VOU. K^boand 
El 899 ♦ VAT 
Ring: 263-6312 Nowl 


Xerox 623 D complete 
Aordprocesung system in- 
dudiiw screen, printer and 
sheet feed. 1 8 mon tits okL lit- 
tle used, company dosing 
down. £1.995 + VAT. 

Td: Slough (0753) 
(Office hours) 

+ W2 

Low premium 24hr 
access + parking. Fum 
carpeted offices inc] 
phone /lelex /fa*. Fr 

01-839 4808 


Tor fan selling exclusive 
products wanted by all retail 
outlets. No capital 

For further details telephone 

0836 504731 


TEL (Ol) 391 6880 



Are creditors haunting you? 
Are supfttars insisting on 
proforma or CWO? 

Are baliitts about to levy the 
stock 7 

Are the banks Insisting you 
sign more personal 

If the answer Is yes to any ol 
these questions you need 
our help, d we cannot help 
you save your company we 
can advise you on kquMa- 
tton. Contact us today. 
Ross Walker fl Associates, 
Freepost Loxley. Warwick. 
CV35 SDR. 

10789) 8«1892 
or (0905) 776817 

■ ■•V, I. :'! Vtl 

and counter surveteance 
equipment (or both the ana- 
tour & professional. 

Ring or write for price Bst. 
716, Lm Bridge Rd 
London E10 6AW 
01-568 4228 




Newly completed 
restaurant premises in 
this prime central 
location, dose sea, 
shops and offices. 
Approximately 34)00 
sq ft plus office. 21 
year lease, reviewed 
every 3 years 
commencing at 
£18,000 per annum, 
no premium. 

Please telephone 
0273 725857 

CONNER SHOP v-llti nwlenllal 
unpor in Gorton. Manrtwslrr tet 
on tone Itosc an TUI Imm with 
a vr.ufy rml rr\i«w* on tow 
liuuai rrni ra ui.560 pa. Mini 
«num rmlal £.1.960 h 
M iuuiaUrt in leas* iron* Jura* 
minimum rvm £3.437 n 
irom Juno "91 F H £13.000 
5TC InitlaJ yteld of I?".,: 16^ 
In June *B9 and IB 7&-a in June 
"91 ELxrrltent arowlli asiurod. 
Arnold + Co. 373 Warwick Rd. 
Notinull OSi 704 3690 





WMi antouon used nejotiaCng a 
director or top mwa ga m tovd 
requited ro n ral u ttl y by MH>- 
wny nufteong a conttmum 
tm product marofecturod By s 
wwHhwde product toatfer. Unkm- 
itsd eamntg powml. Apply n 
wr*ng now » me cnwmw or 
Managing Dwtor BOX m 

wIhim & surevrd. TTje faw 

MP DrvctoomCTil ttevlrvu . 

Cwn bTktgp 109931 319*57. 

SOX wont. Cam monry wil- 
ing nrrv wort you write. Fw 

ttetulH. MKUH. DpM SB. 20 VK 
mtu Port. Road. 51. Urenaros. 
tJiPter EX2 0 NT 
GOODWILL IrHrrtor dnoralon. 
Ontral London. nuMHlM 
19*6. 01-37® 7349. 
nunHW KIOSKS cx 0*0. 

OKI rm Ivor 1.530 MI\rrM 

Reply BOX B9* 


BC pup- ‘Gina.;' DiagBinH to 
y*Kir pciMvnl or rarporato 

10.000 (6. 60prarh 
Inr. jnumafam. oilmriu prmttof: 

ftewrai parkagn aiatlaUr 
New Christian PnMicatieflS, 

Cokhestrr, COS TBS. 

TeL- (0206) 568436 


How much does it cost 10 
c boose a computer system? 
As an independent consul- 
tancy we ascertain your 
needs, scrutinize the many 
different suppliers ana 
present you with options. 
Then you choose. We help 
with installing and 
Total con £4JW0. 

NMS Limited 

0462 SffiSU 


Full range of 
approved contactors up 
to 1 100 amps with 
complete range of 
auxiliaries including 
isolator*, push buttons, 
pilot lights, electronic 
relays and timera. 

Reply to BOX B51. 


lor last salting exclusive 
products wanted by all retag 
oittets. No capital 
For further details 

0836 504731 

ihrouatmn UK to sMI a norm- 

'mproiMitoiu amt n«v sat 
mq product *twh has won a 
19BO Dertcn Council Ataart 
Uto-Htem rarnlnv potential for 
yfc' warwntMls ,TfL Bob' 
TlUutKIiirr l0423| OTCXH. . 



_ ANQ U A fiLASSi, 

Burke’s (Catering) li^ 
Hospitality-^ x 
■Caterers/Buffel --i 

01-672 3347 “ 



Warehouse (60,000.sq f£j. 
- alaxmed and security., 
guarded. Complete "l 
break-tulk. - 
.consolWation, .Ggrtipg * 
and sefoction fodUftfos. 1 
Computerized weekfy, . 
stock and balance - 
; 'records supplied «hd '■’* 
• maintained. Bonded 
: ferilities proofing Doty :• 
and VAT free stains inttfl. 
malerial dispatch. Full ^ 
insurance cover, UK _i 
distribution services wi|i : 

oar own vehicles- .... 
Shipping and airfreight^ 
services worldwide frpnj.' 
our own offices. : 

Contact Robin Howard.; 
(01)986 9611 X 
Telex 897841. 



whoteulp imy drinks tn-rtre. 
bavnali rxr. ^oirrmn kw 
ream rlw. qrw cokHmUl tifen- 
tiK avaiiaute . . in latter 
duanuim. Exvai cnuulry wrt- 
cnilN 1 T«; I07MI S6295 -OiTfe 

655091 ALBION Cl 

£200,000 AVAILABLE 
quire redundam surplus swdes 
ol loltetrtev perfumes. rtdMI- 
Ics Hr Quirk dertsKma. plus 
payment on rUieclKin. -CaB 
Famoin Brands Lid ■ OSS 
544970 or 644820 (24 nrto. - 


parts July lflUi to InctudeAOd- 
ous mokes. Bedford- ■MO. 
Triumpn. Brakes, gmoteic 
glnn. grar boxes etc etc. DeCttJ* 
>0299i25iai1 •:? 

FANS Ovc mating *<ttnan i ed e* - 
Itoor moMi bert wMknk 
lernrv Amror 01 286 7734 Ttt- 
ex 266612RCL'. ■ T~*-' 

All wtairs A -Mies. Btdk tiitefl 
A small TO. 031 667 2066 ^ 










Nonce IS hereby onrti uiat.Uti> 
rrrdnon 01 me aome ConreanY 
are return nd hv Jig July I486 to 
send Ihrcr iuH names and ■Hereto' 
ex and Ihe MiiruVul of Ainf 
rlairm to Mr. p a wniiannon 
Peacm-R & Co . AruMM HOW- 
jruiWl Street. London WC® - . 
3ED. Uwadalor of Ihe ComwoJf 
m in default thereof, itiev mb be 
exrtuaed (torn anv nenetiu erany 
dtxifibulioiHi indite hr! ore socp - 
arm* are preird. * . ” 

Dated this 24th day-of June 196* J- 


Liguidaior ■ , » • . 

IN THf. MATTER of” r*“ 

JOiNEjrt • r - 

Bv Order of ihe Hmh CtatfTqf 
JiMirr dated inr KMh mi ni Dr 
remher 1083 Mr MeN»A 
LauM-iH •• Row. m 330 KimBMoy- 
Roao. London NW9. OBS-W- ‘ . 
b*vn apnoiMed Uduidator of fat ." 
dbair uwned Company WflhMi p - 
Comrmiiee.of Jmsertinu.^ . • 

Dated umaafa day at jam isttd.-- -">• 

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::ftf^SL. A 5 eideei * a™S. 

Marriott wants more hotels 
in Britain and Europe 

mAlVLi: aISD iNOUs i K V . 

Impact of dollar-mark exchange rate 

y _ " >«rv>wy. 

J.rnCT lOVELLcThe final 
vdnodcnd is 7p, making |qj d Cw 

SB!® ^ 26 - *** ***** 

‘ W3,m profit brfSe frimst 

fffiT^,r rnbeforclax 

*■- • W ATSHAM& The Company 
j^jips agreed conditionally to ac- 
.quitc • Cambmac Instruments. 

consideration of 
.£1 050 million is payable in «*$ h 
jOir completion and further cash 
; consideration is payable in the 
« future dependent upon the net 

• profiis before tax for the year to 
; March 31. 1993. 

^SHANDWICK The cora- 
.mny has entered into con- 
moral agreements to acquire 
all the. capital of. two public 
relations consultancies, John 
Fowler and Partners and the 
Vernon East Public Relations 

- fi^ a ?^ 6r S* econside rationof 
.-250.100 v ordinary shares in 

■ ShandwKk. 


■ fmal dividend is lp, making 
‘ l-9p(l-8p) for the year to March 
. 29. payable on October I. With 

• figures in £000, turnover — 

’ discount retailing — was 87,976 
■ - (75,264), tea 767 (1,720) and 

pother British -activities 7,013 
. (6,07Q) trading profits — dis- 

■ couni retailing 2,196 (1.919) tea 
: 199<944) other uk activities 228 

(195), total 2.623 (3,058). Pretax 

• profit 1.714 (2303). 


• The final dividend is 3p making 
\4.8p for the year to March 31. 

With figures in £000, turn over 
was 594,227- (580,922), profit 
before lax 66,327 (13.046) tax 
4.306 (3,166), extraordinary 
items debit 5,496 (credit 546). 

• Earnings per .share 12.7p 

:<io.5p). . 

■ • JOHN CARR; The company 
i has completed the acquisition of 

• Rothervale Joinery from Henry 
Bool and Sons. 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

Mr Bill Marriott, son of the 
founder of the Marriott hotel 
chain and now chairman and 
chief executive of Marriott 
Corporation based in Wash- 
ington DC, has left London 
with firm plans for expansion 
in Britain and on the Conti- 

Bui although he held a 
senes of business meetings, 
there was n o contact with Mr 
Stanley Grinstead, chairman 
of Grand Metropolitan, which 
owns-the Intercontinental, ho- 
tel chain. 

It has been rumoured that 
Marriott, hungry for a wider 
presence in Europe, has been 
interested in buying die Inter- 
continental chain with its 
European strength, particular- 
ly in London and West 

Mr Grinstead has been talk- 
ing to Mr Alan Bond, chair- 
man of the Australian Bond 
Corporation, amid takeover 

Marriott- gained a foothold 
in London by buying from 
Grand Metropolitan what was 
then the Europa Hotel, just off 
Grosvenor Square, and now 
refurbished as the London 

But Mr Marriott said: “We 
made no bid for Interconti- 
nental. simply because the 
price at £1 billion is too high. 
By our reckoning, they paid 
too much for it in the first 
place. We keep in touch from 
time to time but just to see if 
there is something they would 
like to selL” 

Marriott also wanted the 
Britannia Hotel in Grosvenor 
Square but no deal .could be 
struck with Grand Metropoli- 

Intercontinental oilers 

Showerings sees 
big response to 
£10m cider drive 

By Our Industrial Editor 
Britain's third biggest cider 
producer, the Somerset-based 
Showerings, which is part of 
. Allied-Lyons, is doubling pro- 
motion spending to £10 mil- 
lion while launching a new 
. range of ciders, including up- 
- market brands from Germa- 
ny. France and /Spain — and 

■ what is claimed to be the first 
! cask-conditioned cider. 

The Campaign for Real Ale 
(Camraj is expected to“grve 
; the cask cider its blessing. 

The move comes as the 
qder market; worth £37 mfl- 
liona-year in sales, is showing 
signs of' recovering from a 
combination , of increases in 
i taxation and poor summer 

■ weather which left sales static 
09 1984 and down by 3.6 per 
‘cent last year. 

Before that sales had been 
rising, at between 10 and 20 
per cent a year m a period 
when HrP Buhner, the market 
leader, was the biggest promo- 
tional spender. 

Cider sales doubled to not 
for short of 70 million gallons 
a year in the 10 years to 1 985. 

’ First-quarter sales this year 
were steady, and in the past 
two wrecks of better weather 
.demand has soared. 

. Mr Lyn Hughes, marketing 
manager at Showerings, said: 
“There is now an underlying 
positive trend in cider sales." 
He believes that the big jump 
jn Showerings’ promotional 
spending will also .have its 
impact, just as that of 
Bulmer's did in the past, and 
there are now expectations 
that die .market leader will 
step up its own promotional 

- A ',•_, j 

In 1984 the industry Ucked 
. its wounds, cutting back on 
promotional spending, after 
the Chancellor reduced the 
taxation advantage for cider 
by increasing duties by 47 per 
cent to nearer the level im- 
posed oh beer. . 

Beer sales are still 25 times 
those of cider, and the cider- 
makers argue that what tax 
advantage remains is can- 
celled out- by handling costs 
with such a comparatively low 
volume- product. Cider and 
beer prices are not dissimilar 

4! the retail level. . e 
Because only '36 per cent of 
adults are cider drinkers there 
is an opportunity of persuad- 
ing r?kore to aquire the taste, 
given the right marketing 
approach, according to Mr 

^One way is to break out 
from the traditional rustic 
image surrounding foe drink. 




ARN , mow 

tern » to-W gg» 

Cffibatk SavtngT -Jjj-jSJ 

Consotated Ms 

Continental Trust. — 

Co-operative Bank^— 

C. Horn & Ob — — — 

rn w?^.=n=r-!SnS 


Citibank NA. 

t. Jfatgff Bm* 

Lyn Hughes: “Positive 
trend re sales" 
youth market with an image 
which Mr Hughes describes as 
“modern, of the disco and foe 
bright lights." 

Copperhead, claimed to be 
the first new draught cider in 
25 years, is now being test- 
marketed. with £5 million 
being spent on promotion 
including television advertis- 
ing. Sales are running well 
ahead of expectations and, 
crucially, it is attracting new- 
comers to cider. About 40 per 
cent of Copperhead drinkers 
had hot drunk cider -in the 
previous 12 months. 

The cask-conditioned cider 
is Addlestone’s, so far avail- 
able in Allied pubs in the 
north-west. Midlands and foe 
south-west, but due to be 
distributed nationally once 
the sales formula is proved It 
will be on .offer in traditional- 
style pubs to appeal to foe 
drinkers who favour real ale. 

The latest introduction of 
continental ciders, some spar- 
kling varieties, is aimed at 
persuading more people to 
drink cider with meals. These 
sell at about £1.30 a bottle. A 
new special farmhouse brand 
is being introduced, free of 
artificial sweeteners, colours 
and flavours, which is intend- 
ed to appeal to foe health 

A vaJue-for-money range 
under the Festival Vat Jabel 
will sell at about 75p a Jibe, 
competing with foe own-label 
brands of foe big supermaiket 

Within 18 . months 
Showerings should increase its 
market share in cider from is 
ner cent to more than 20 per 
cent. Mr Hughes forecasts. 

The company is also spend- 
ing £4 million this year on 
promoting its Gaymer s Olde 
English, which in foe off- 
licence trade is the second 
biggest seller - next to 
Buhner's Strongbow. Tire take 
home trade accounts for 45 

per cent of cider ales. 

Bulmer has about 49 per 
cent of sales m the cider 
market with foe second largest 
slice 0 f28 per cent accounted 
for by Taunton Cider, which 

belongs to foe brewer consor- 
tium of Bass, Imperial 
Group’s Courage and Scottish 
and Newcastle Brewnes. Af- 
ter Showerings. m third place, 
other producers are compara- 

UV Sf with its flecks of 
-mule, has been left to regional 
makers, including the farmers. 
Krinre tried bottling it at 
SSSSul selling onlyon 
jis curiosity value mostly 
'round Christmas, the vol- 
umes were too small to justify 
carrying on. 

Bill Marriott: Grand Metropolitan's Intercontinental hotels too expensive at £1 billion 

probably the best fit in Europe 
for Marriott which has hotels 
in Amsterdam, ftaris, Vienna 
and Athens, with another 
under construction in Ham- 
burg. There are half a dozen in 
foe Middle East, including foe 
Cairo Marriott. 

There is no prospect of any 
deals with Trusthouse Forte, 
Britain's biggest hotel opera- 
tor, Mr Marriott said. 

That leaves Marriott look- 
ing at seven to eight hotel 
prospects in Europe, including 
Britain. “Within the year we 
hope to announce two to three 
additional hotels in Europe," 
Mr Marriott said 

Marriott, which has 140 
hotels m North America, is 
looking eventually to have at 
least two central London loca- 
tions plus properties at 
Gatwick and Heathrow air- 
ports, with a Heathrow hotel 

linked to the conference mar- 

Marriott also has in its 
sights key regional cities in 
Britain. Some could see an 
adaptation of what Marriott in 
foe United States calls court- 
yard hotels where low-rise 
quality accommodation is 
built round a central area, 
often with a swimming pool, 
which in Britain would be 
covered. By paring services to 
a minimum, room rates are 
kept down. 

Such properties need sever- 
al acres for development and 
would be sited at foe edge of 
cities and towns. The concept 
might be used at Gatwick. 

. The Marriott drive in Eu- 
rope is for hotels primarily 
catering for the business trav- 
eller but with some tourist 
potential, Mr Marriott said. In 
buying existing hotels or de- 

veloping new properties, Mar- 
riott will follow foe usual 
route of foe big hotel chains 
and set up a financing consor- 
tium for each project, al- 
though Mr Marriott said the 
corporation was now in a 
position to take an equity 
stake of up to half. 

It is foe American-based 
international chains which 
have been particularly hit by 
the wave of American cancel- 
lations of European holidays 
because of the terrorism 
scares, he admitted. He puts 
bookings in Britain at 30 per 
cent down. The situation was 
worse in France and further 
east in Europe, where book- 
ings were down by up to 40 per 
cent and up to 70 per cent 
respectively. He said: "It has 
not affected business traffic 
and there are signs of foe 
tourists coming back." 

falls 2% 

Bran (AP-Dow Jones) — 
Seasonally adjusted industrial 
production in West Germany 
declined about 2 per cent in 
May from April, while the 
seasonally and price-adjHsted 
order inflow to the manufac- 
tnring industry contracted 
about 1 per cent, the econom- 
ics ministry reported 

The preliminary May pro- 
duction index stood at 104.2, 
(1980=100), down from an 

April index that was sharply 
revised upward to 10&2 from 
an initially reported 1038. 

The preliminary Ma y orde r 
?nrfw for the manirfarturing 
industry was established at a 

seasonally and price-ad jnsted 

109 (1980=100), down from an 
April index of 119- 

The ministry noted that 
production b y the West Ger- 
man pmhc tBn^ 
declined about 15 per cent in 
May from April while output 
of energy and gas fell 8 per 

Within the mannfttHmiug 
sector, output of the key West 
German capital goods indnstry 
dpHingd about 3-5 per cent 
white output of consumer 
goods rose 1 per cent. 

A 6.5 per cent foil of foreign 
orders in May, compared with 
April, was decisive for the 1 
per cent decline fn orders to 
the manufacturing industry 
daring the month, while do- 
mestic orders expanded about 
2 per cent, the ministry said. 

According to officials, the 
upward revision in the April 
prod action index meant that 
the total output of the West 
German industry rose about 
3S per cent in April from 
March, instead of the 1.5 per 
cent tire ministry reported on 
the bams of pretintinary re- 
sults ou June 3. 

German economy 
must be watched, 
says bank chief 

Frankfurt (AP-Dow 
Jones)— Herr Karl Otto Poehl, 
president of the Bundesbank, 
said yesterday that West Ger- 
man central bank money sup- 
ply growth had slowed to a 6.5 
per cent annual rate recently, 
and that there was no reason 
to alter foe money supply's 
target corridor. 

He told a press conference 
after a meeting of foe 
Bundesbank's policy-setting 
central bank council that foe 
good news a! which he had 
recently hinted was that foe 
expansion of the money sup- 
ply was not as strong as in 
April, but now lay just over 
the upper boundary of 5.5 per 


Hen- Poehl indicated that 
the money supply would be 
likely to re-enter foe target 
comdor of between 3.5 per 
cent and 5.5 per cent by the 
end of foe year. 

The central bank money 
supply consists of cash in 
circulation and banks' mini- 
mum reserves requirements 
on domestic liabilities. It is the 
Bundesbank's primary tool for 
measuring foe expansion or 
contraction of the money 

According to the 
Bundesbank's most recent 
monthly statistics, foe prelim- 
inary seasonally-adjusted cen- 
tral bank money supply rose 
to DM2103 billion in May 
from DM210.0 billion in 

■ In the six months ending on 
May 31 the central bank 
money supply expanded at an 
annual rate of 6.7 per cent, 
down from a rate of 73 per 

cent in April, according to 
Bundesbank statistics. 

Herr Poehl said that the 
strength of the mark and foe 
weakness of the dollar meant 
that foe West German econo- 
my had to be “carefully 

Although he declined to 
comment on whether foe 
mail had grown too strong or 
foe dollar too weak, he ac- 
knowledged that the shift in 
foe dollar-mark exchange rate 
could have a significant effect 
on West Germany's economy. 

Herr Poehl has said repeat- 
edly in recent weeks foat foe 
decline in foe dollar since foe 
September 22 meeting of foe 
Group of Five major industri- 
al nations in New York bad 
been a “soft landing" for foe 
US currency, which was se- 
verely overvalued against oth- 
er major currencies. 

But the highly export-ori- 
ented West German economy 
also reaped considerable bene- 
fits from foe high value of foe 
dollar, and there is concern 
among West Germany’s econ- 
omists that foe lower dollar 
will erode export sales. 

The latest trade data 
showed that West Germany s 
May trade surplus narrowed 
to DM8.061 billion from a 
record DM10.049 billion sur- 
plus in April. 

The May trade surplus wid- 
ened from foe DM7.522 bil- 
lion surplus registered in May, 

The nation's current ac- 
count surplus registered a 
preliminary DM6 billion in 
May, down from a revised 
record surplus of DM83 bil- 
lion in April. 

This advertisement is published by BET Public Limited Company. The directors of BET Public Limited Company are the persons responsible for die information contained in the advertisement. 
To the best of their knowledge and belief (having taken all reasonable care to ensure that such is the case) the information contained in this advertisement is in accordance with the facts. 

The directors of BET Public Limited Company accept responsibility accordingly. 


I At Wimbledon you naturally expect all Evidence of the success of these policies 
the towels and washing facilities to be is reflected in the company’s peifor- 
dean and tidy. mance, and in its series of carefully 

chosen acquisitions. 

The programmes to be updated, printed 
and ready in plenty of time each day. 

These are things the Wimbledon 
management takes in its stride and they 

are provided by BET companies. Formore infonnation about BET call our 

toll-free employee and shareholder line 
just a couple of examples of how, un- _ 0800-289-629. 
obtrusively and efficiently, BET provides 

support services to its 


commercial, industrial and public- Meanwhile If you see any Wimbledon 
sector customers around the world. player wiping away the cares of the 

previous set on the sidelines — BET 
In this way BET allows them to concen- supplied the toweL 

fcrate on what they do best 

BET is a tightly knit group of strategically 
related businesses aiming to provide the 
highest standards of service. 


ri 4T 

U - 

. s 

-tsi- - •‘Lridx.fix— eS£it ' 

i| _b i - 

I $- 1 ■ 

§ M •: 




******' SL 


New York (Renter) — "Wall 
Street shares slumped after 
opening stranger yesterday as 
a ware of fninres-related pro- 
grammes pot pressure on the 
market, traders said. 

The credits markets opened 
higher, lending background 
support. But expectation of a 
pullback kept buyers on the 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average slid to 1900.45, after 
advancing to 1911 initially. 

Declining issues led advanc- 

ing issues by a margin of two 
to one, on a volume of 26 
million shares. 

Unexpectedly weak employ- 
ment figures raised hopes in 
some quarters for a discount 
rate cut, but unnerved inves- 
tors betting' on a second-half 
rise in corporate earnings. 

The transportation average 
was down 435 points at 
77638, utilities at 19938, 
were down 044 points and 
stocks had shed 330 points to 









75-1 asdb 



The markets were thin ami 
quiet, with volatile movements 
'in dollar rates. 

The dollar closed at 
DM2.1750 and at 161.40 
against the yen. The pound 
remained on the sidelines. It 
appreciated to LS455 against 
the dollar. ' , • . 


Jul Juf 

2 1 

M M 

. 2 1 

Jul Jul 

2 1 



Ain Brands 
Am Can 
Am BPwr 
Am Express 
Am Hama 
Am Motors 
Ashland CM 
At Richfield 
Avon Prods 
BVsTst NY 
Bkot Baton 
Bank of NY 
Beth Steel 

Bg Warner 

BurT ton Ind 



Cmpbefl Sp 

Can Pacific 



Central SW 


Chase Man 




Fat Chicago 

Gen Carp 
Gen Dy'mes 

: Gen dearie 
Gen tost 
Gen Mils 
Gen Motors 

! GnPbOtny 
Georgia Pec 

I Goodrich 



Gt Alt & Tac 
Gruman Co- 
Gum West 


Philip Mrs 
PPG Ind 
, PrctrGmW 
Rockwell tot 
Royal Dutch 
Sara Lae 
Scott Paper 
Sears ftock 
Shad Trans 


! ‘ IK-lpram 

Stertngtodex compared wSb 1975 was same at 7&2 (day's range 7S^78J). 

I Ram acp p Ma d by Baretoy# Bat* HOFEX and Extol. “T- 1 

Base Rates % 

Clearing Banks 10 
Finance House 10ft 


Argentina austrar _ 


Bahrain dsw 

Brazil cruzado ■ — 

S5EK52 — 

mano iwrxa 
Greece dreduna — 
Hong Kong doAar _ 

India rupee 

Iraq dinar 

KuwahdtosrKD — 

Malaysia ooRar 

Memo peso 

New Zealand dokv . 
SaudLAmtxa riyal _ 

Di sc o u nt Market Loane% 
OvemUrtHtahtll Low 9 
I week luat 10»i8 

i Treeswy B** (Discount 
Buying SeNng 

2 ninth fl"w 2mntn 9*is 

3nvtth 914 3mnth 9S6 

Prime Bank B9s (Discount %> 

, 1 mnth 2mrth 8"<eW 

! 3 moth 9*>«-9 'm 6mn0i 914-9S 

7 days B«. e-fift 
Srmtti €*-6S 

imnih 10 "b 
, 3 mnth IfPt# 

2 mnth 10*i8 
6 mnth 9ft 

7 days 4 ft-** 
3mmh 4M-4K 
F rench F i am. 

7 days 7%-7X 
3 mnth 7K-7X 
Swims Franc 
7 days 7V7% 

7 days 4»»4"is 
3 mnth 4X-4S 

c afl 

1 mnth 6 »i«-"i 8 
6 mnth 6ft-6S 
caff 4«-SX 

1 mnth 4ft*4ft 
6 mnth 

cal 7X-6X 

1 mnth 7%-7T4 
6 mnth 7X-7X 
caff 2X-1K 

1 mnth 4ft-4% 

BmrOh 4K-4* 

call S-4 

1 moth 4V-4S 
6 mnth 4"i»4*ia 

South Africa rand . 

_ 1 3759-1 3784 
_ 2.4408-24463 
_ 05800-Q5840 


_ 0.7600-0.7700 
__ 75100-75600 
_ 213.80-21550- 

— CL448CML45*3 

— 4551345571 

— 25143-25245 
_ 5.7710-55110 
_ 3382633886 


_. 555055.8905 


G W Joynson and Co report 
SUGAR (Rom C. CzsmflCOWj 

S? _ 1325-315 

OcF ITU 1415-41.8 

S. 147.4-465 


3 =— 


r : 


May 13SJ-79 

rS, . 1398-94 

rcj ta 1413-12 

WTZZZ: 728 

SSy^ 1600*1582 

Sept 1636-32 

No* 1678-^ , 

Jan 171000 

March 1731-25 | 

May 1781-45 i 

J u» 1795-90 

Vac .5056 








West Germany 
Switzerland _ 
Netherlands — 

Clark Equip 
Coca Cola 

Cmhtn Eng 
Conwrtth Efl 
Cn Nat Gas 
Cone Power 
Comma G1 
CPC tod 
CmZeler . 
[tart ft Kraft 
Delta Air* 
Detroit Ed 
Digital Eq 
Dresser Ind 
Duke Power 
Du Pont 
Eastern Air 
Earn Kodak 
Eaton Coro 
Emerson D 
Exxon Corp 
Fed Dot Sts 

Inland Steel 



tot Paper 


Irvtng Bank 


Kaiser Alum 

Kerr McGee 







Lucky Sirs 

Man H'rtver 



Manns Mid 

Mrt Marietta 

i McDonalds 
I Mead 
Mobil OB 
Morgan J5. 
NCR Corp 

I Norfolk Sth 
I NWBancrp 
I PacGasB 
Pan Am 
Penney J.C. 

Staffing Drg 
Stevens JP 
Sim Comp 

Overnight open 10K close 1 1 
1 waMi lQft-10>4 6 mnth 9'’^-9H 

1 mnth 10*i»-1(Pi8 9 mnth 

3 mnth 105ft 12mth 9'*ia-9ft 

Loot Authority Deposits (%) 

2 days 10ft 7daw 10ft 

1 mnth IQ'* 3mmh 9ft 

6 mnth 9% 12mth 9ft 

Local Authority Bonds fft) 

1 mnth tOft-IOft 2 mnth 10M-10 

KrugrrsncT (per co k fi. 

Hong Kong 




. 15970-15000 
. 15782-15782 
. 7A225-7 4Z75 
8-0480-8.05 TO 
— 4435-44 AO 
_ 1550-1552 






Jtriy 96.00-97.75 

Aug 100.ttW9.75 

sSt 101S0-2S 

oa 107.00-1063 

Nov 110.7525 

Dec 11330-1230 

Jen 11435-1025 

Fab 124.75-1050 

March 144.75-1005 

Vot 4144 

Unofficial pri ces 
Official Turnover figures 

.. 120.0-193 
_ 1213-212 
_ 1215-215 
_ 1255245 
_ 1265-245 
.. 1235-225 
_ 124.0225 

Price to rpwmeaictOTie 
Savar in pence per hoy oooea 

pedBtf Vtotf 8 Co. Ltd. report 

Tone ! — , JIT Barely Stoady 

Cash 868-87D 

v^.LZ__ -s so 

Tone Qutoi 


Cash — ■ . 255- 258 

Three Months 2S 6-2S7 

Vol 3700 

Tone Barely Stoady 


Cash 475-400 

Three Months—- 

vol — W 

Tone W® 


Tone — — .Steady 


Cash — 

Three Months 332-334 

Vnf —53 

Tonn . -„-l!.Qutet 


Cash - 324-326 

Three Months 332334 

Vol « 

Tone k*e 

aummm _ 

Cash 737-738 

Three Months — 7435-7435 

Vol 2250 

Tone Barely Stoady 


Cash 24802485 

Three Months 2815-2520 

Vol 750 

Tone Weak 

Average fatstortprieea at 
representative markets on 

■ktfy * 


isB^Mp 16558P per kg est 


ew (+12.85) 

G8cPjga.75.68p per kg M# 





Cattle nos. W31 1.6%. ave. 

Sheep nos. up 1 1A9%, aw- 
pnee, I60.19p(+1057) 

Rg nos. up la A %. avfc 
price. 7758pM. 18) 

£ per tome 

Wheat Barley 
Month Close Close 

July 118.10 

i-Zl* go JO 9850 

n2t V32JB 10230 

jS? 1 0&M 1K30 

Mandi 107.90 10755 

mT 11050 108.40 

januy — — 


PIS Meet 
p: per Me 

tonth Open dose 

$ “SS ,00.8 

fcSt 1065 1065 

^ 1105 1105 

toy 1115 1115 

Bn 101.5 1015 

reb 101.6 1015 

torch 1015 1015 

uxe - 1020 1020 

May 1025 1(*5 



Beef Contact 

p.perUo ‘ 

Month Open Cbm 
Aug 183.0 1^0 

Sept 1826 1825 




£ per tonne > 

Month' Open Qurt 
Nov 11050 10TTH) 

Feb . 12200 117^ 

April 165.00 15sS 

May 17350 16280 

Nov 8050 8050 

•. Vot2066 

GJLL Freight Futures Ltd 

lW f?LgTfiSg acpo ^ 

i rolpll B OW . _ . 

Kir “■§. 

Oct 86 659-647 

Jan 87 S85-668. ‘ ..ffg 

Apr 87 748-745 ffi 

AA87 ■ . 'fe 

00.87 6^5 

Jan 88 7G0 

Apr 88 '"850 

Spot5B25 .V " 

Vot 218 lots' - - * 


HghAow -Clase 
JUI 86 1050-1050 - J.0S0 

Aug 86 1015-1015 ,1015 

Sep 86 1050-1050 1050 

DOC 86 _ .1160 

Mar 87 12S0 

Jun87 1205 

Vot 33 lots - 
Open Interest 45 - • ' • ; 

Spot m ar ket commantaryT ■ 
Tankerindex: ' 

.1160.0 up265 

Dry cargo index: 
5825 down 25 

3 mnth 10ft-9ft 
9 mnth 9%-9ft 

6 mnth 9ft-9ft 
12mth 9ft-Sft 

! 1 mnth~10X-fOft 3 mnth 9ft-8* 
6mmh 9V9ft 12mth 9ft-9ft 


1 mnth 690-6.85 3 mnth 655-850 

6 mnth 6.70555 12mth 2705K 

Smith 655-850 

Fixed Rata Starling Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average reference rate tor 
interest period June 4. 1986 to 
July 1, 1986 inclusive: g.a24 per 


Three Month Starfiog 

Dec 88 

| Mar 87 

Jun87 ______ — 

Sep 88 

Dec 87 

Previous day's total i 

- 9058 

_ 9050 

.. 9051 




23ft n/a 
42ft n/a 
15 1 

16ft n/a 
13ft n/a 
22 n/a 

28 n/a 
28ft n/a 
38 n/a 
37ft n/a 
43ft n/a 
n/a n/a 
3lft n/a 
86% n/a 
25ft n/a 
32 n/a 
36ft n/a 

: Abittbt - 
i Men Atom 
I AigomaSO 
Imperial 03 
Ryl Trustee 

! Thmsn N ‘A 1 
Wlkr Hiram 

Doc 86 

Mar 87 

Jun 87 

US Ttaastay Bond 

Sep B6 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 


Sep 86 

Dec 86 

j Mar 87 

Long Git 

1 Sep86 

, Dec 66 

Afar 87 

Jun 87 


Sen 86 

Htoh Low Ctaee Est Vol 

9071 9053 90.68 1283 

9050 9054 90.58 352 

9050 90.80 9050 6 

90.61 9051 90.61 1 

90.47 0 

9054 0 

Previous day* foal open interest 17722 
9351 93.44 3351 2963 

93.44 9355 93.43 898 

9323 93.17 932? 262 

9294 9259 9294 184 

Previous day's total open interest 7236 
9927 9555 9520 5664 

98-25 9825 9829 1 


10229 102-46 102 

102-45 100 

102-52 0 

102-52 0 

Previous day's total open Interest 21013 
12300 12329 12300 123-26 10357 

123-02 123-11 12302 123-20 63 

NfT 123-10 0 

HfT 12306 0 

Previous day 's total open intered 192S 
16870 16750 167.75 156 

Amer Truer 
Ang Anar Si 

Br MMtt 

Br Em pn See 
Br m 

Dertry Inc 
Do Cap 
Dnwton Cons 
Drayton F*r EM 

Drayton Japwi 
OnOM Lon 
Eon Me Asm 
Dsanc G*n 
EngSsTi M 
Ei^vi Sea 

FI? Afemce 
F S C Pacllc 205 

Fn Scot Amar 324 

FW Un Gen 75 
Fton** Amman 550 
Henna Cisver 175 
Rsmng Enterprise 325 
Ftanm F«r EM 122 

Rsnww Jspen TOO 
natlMig MereanSe 160 
Raining Overran 1*3 
Ftonmg Tacn 155 
Pang Urrenal 232 
Fo. Col 92 

G8C C«M 96 

GT Japan 1B1 

CO nans Fun* 169 
General Cons 31 D 
Glasgow Stock <37 
Qct» 350 

GovM ASanfc l*a 

aw yu 

cn'pe pence % p/e 

3.1 b ZJ *3.8 
-2 2Bj6 34 37.1 
44 33 37 J 

-4 U 25 55.7 

-i oe .as .. 

+1 18b 33 45.1 

+2 150 a* .. 

• 17 48 327 

0.7 17 5&S 

• .. 31.7 S3. MB 

• *1 13 3J44 2 

• .. 31.40 17 36.6 

-1 01 03 .. 

.. izo 8.1 173 

*3 i4i rsaj 
41 13 09 .. 

+1 M 02 .. 

• . . S9b 40 35.4 

. 09 0JSSSS 

43 32 4&6 
.. 6.4 19 M b 

S3 35403 
.. 20 22 545 

20 13 880 

• . . 26 2* 572 

«■> 2.1 1.0 792 

143 4.4 31 I 

• .. ar ii.6 63 

a .. S3 i5 9oo 

73 42 3X7 
.. 1296 4.0 337 

• .. 14 1.1 .. 

as 26525 
+2 57 09 .. 

+', 51 33 415 

39 27 47.4 

33 21 660 

• 89 23637 

+1'* 21 23 623 

'.I 20b i'l 1! 

29 1.7 973 

.. 159 SI 272 

33 24 559 

• *■2 1S7 45 309 

*1 *0b 29 449 

,1 33 13 835 

-I 51 23642 

U* Cap 
Japan Aunt* 
KWwart Cherr 
Kttmwn O ieu 
Kwmort SnwMr 
Lev Damn 
Lon Mai chew sec 
Lon Trvat 

Murrey b ea m 
Murray mg 

liwisy Star 
Murray Ventuna 
new Coon 
New Dawn Ofl 

Nwvwg kre S3 
Naa Tokyo 
ndi AUmac Sec 
Ntn See Asms 
NIMl Amar 
Pacific Assets 
Do Writs 
Rwaentf Assets 
Fbrar a Marc 
FW Plate 

Scot Eosram 
Soar More -A- 

O h YU 

ChUe pence % P/E 

24 0.7 . . 

69 29393 
a . . &4 33 4i i 

0*2 ISA 53 26.6 

aa 12 .. 

*2 63b 24 79.1 

*'t 0.1 09 .. 

• .. 34 93 412 





• . . 27 

a+i 7.1b 
+1 39fl 
.. lOJJto 
.. 312 

.. 09 


» 49 


+1 49 


• 42 77b 


-1 1.0 

» ” 05 

I .. 171 ' 


121 ■ 



49 7.1 . 


4i 4.i : 

■ .. 99 

»4i gjb 

.. 25.0 

.. 121 
72 : 
-2 246 n 1 

39b ' 


Hffi Low Cempeny. 

dw . YW 

Puce Ch'BB pence % ■ 

102 82 

122 95 

199 155 
228 201 
101 90 

170 118 
194 140 
118 00'. 
174 139 
169 135 
305 237 
370 300 
207 1S7\i 
1*1 112 
94 79 
265 217 
62 36 

74 53 

115 85 

210 161 
352 286 

■TO C«y CM Laar DM116 
TO Ind & Gan 195 
TO Nahnl B» 225 
TO Nortf! America 97 
TO Prcmc Basm 168 
to Pmqmty IB* 
TO Tech tea 

TO Trusfmts 163 

Temple By 160 

Tlimcsnortcpi 301 

Throg Seovad Cep 370 
Tram Oceame 205 
Tneune 132 


VUaog Reaourcea *0 
Ww^ool 56 

wmerbottom Egy 112 

iMtan 205 

Yeomen 350 

41 U .33 3ji 
44 53b 433U 

-►1 5l7 2B *2.1 

141 119' 6224.1 

I . . 23 27*12 

41 14 Q3 J. 

i+r --atr 3F*o.8 

141 ••■tr 3F408 
-1 . 29 24 509 
63b. 39291 
43 . 73 49200 
41 119b 49360 

I: ,95 2J.Sm 
.. 39 30 3J 5 

+■*• 169 172 U 
... 92 39 52.1 
* .. . 29.731ft! 
.. 29 &**?7 

» .. 49 -29579 

. 137 b 3ffS.1 


194 116 
22'r IS 1 , 
20'. 12 Vi 
156 131 
140 90 

247 187 
100 BG 
740 375 
Bi 77 
102 75 

IB 960 - 

American Eiquran 
Bri ta nn ia Aitow 
D avy MM 
Do 'A* 

Eng Trust 


FroM Gf) 

Goode (O 3 M) 

-V * 
.. 6.0 
.. 692 
.. - 693 
» U 
-4 40 

-5 BO 

.. 23 

.. 93 

i .. "Sa 
25 ' 
I4'j 3B T 






109b 67 79 







-5.7 109 


• 780 




2.4 388 



UercanUe Hants 




60 84 



Pacta aw Tat 

98 1 / 

• +'1 


05 a 





DP Warrant* 
Eman New Court 




69 Is 

BU Oflar dug YU 

abbey uNrmusr managers 

60. Honxflitim Pa Boumemousi BH9 SAL 

03*5 717373 ILnUmM 


BU oner Osig YU 

Get 8 Fneo 
H«jn me Eou*v 
WcrldwKM Bond 
Amencar- Growth 
Aaon Faafic 
Assets & Earns 
C-lcnrrl Resarua 
Comm 3 Energy 
European Caperi 

UK Qrwm Inc 
Do town 
US Ememeig Coe 
Eaunas nopess 

1190 1259* 40 7 953 
972 1034« -01 479 
1797 1925 +09 5.04 

1569 1890 

44 1 47 4 

104.6 1118 
65 7 6fL2 
64.1 GS5 
65 0 904 
1408 1505 
76.6 815 
1009 10B3 
14*5 1553 
595 625 
200.1 2131 

+09 594 
-04 200 
-01 2.64 

+03 1.M 
-05 2.63 
+12 1 «0 
-02 223 

+02 142 
+03 099 
-OJ 0*3 

627 6630 +03 150 

ABM Purcer Cemre Srrdon SN1 IB. 

CTT13 610366 A 0793 28291 
F*st Trust 2329 2*7 1 +0 1 148 

Gromh S Income 1396 1*8.7 -01 205 

Gap**! Trust 2393 2564 -0.4 256 

Bamnceo 387 4 391 J# -0.7 307 

Accunr Trust 56*2 6000 -0 6 292 

American incoma 32 5 3*.fl +0 1 *31 

l+gh Income Tsl 257 7 2744 *52 

Equry InOTre 141 5 1507a -03 4.75 

N5*i VrriP 1*62 155 7 -02 53? 

Go+1 Secs Trun 305 313 +02 906 

mvsnatooal 609 Ml +0 7 1.03. 

Japen Fund 1035 1102 +12 0 01 

Raohc Trust 1556 1657* +06 IDS 

Amer Spd Sta 68 1 725 +03 135 

Secs WAmer TM 226.4 2*1 la +13 097 

AW Asset veto 234 J 34960 -08 3.12 

Ml Hacorov 
I SmaBer Co S 
UK Gnwrti 
Esaa Inc 

Inc 6 Growth 
Nat Hran me 
Prof Sham 
. RnanoatSecs 
GoU6 Gim 
; mi Leave 
I Pi op Shares 
: Unw Enercy 
World TOO* 

Amer Growth 
Amer Income 
Amer Snweer Coe 
AuM Growth 
Euo Smafcr 
Far East 
Hong Kong FW 
bid Growrih 
Japan Peri 
Japan Smeller 

Ejuwipr Mamet 

1083 1155 
1454 191 
399 415 
Hi 939 
2fi B 29ia 
20 62 219.9 
200 4 2136 
167 1990 

112.7 1202 
459 490a 
142 163# 
16B 17.7 
693 739 
405 *3 2 
416 449 
926 999 
57 1 609 
23 7 253# 
562 599 
14 4 15.4 
443 «73 
225 24 0a 
352 375 
662 706 
155 165 

8 6 999 
7 67.7 


9-17. RBrymount RcL Haywards I 

0444 4561*4 

Fnencal 1269 1365 

Smaler Cot acc 2322 2501 

Do mama 1+95 1569 

Higtt Income 6a D 73.1 

Gil Growth 
Smaler Cos 
2nd SmaBer Cos 
Recovery Trust 
Met Uin & CmdlY 
Gseas Eam<nps 
Techn olog y Tsi 
Income Exempt 

38 0 39.7 +0 4 2 85 

1204 1262# +04 256 
158 3 168 6 +05 238 

85 7 91 3 +0 2 2 0S 

804 85 6 -01 231 

1889 2012# -05 29S 
902 B6.1 -01 094 

1260 135 7# -03 564 

Man Portloto Inc 

Notot Amercsn 


1495 1369 
eao 73.1 
77.7 834 
629 67.1 
10*3 1121 
820 66.70 
794 KL9 

+02 256 
+03 126 
.. 711 
+02 758 
-0.7 4 05 
-05 496 
.. 990 
-05 298 
+03 216 
-01 444 
+01 0 51 
404 0SB 
. .. 084 
+03 339 
+01 545 
.. 065 
-20 206 
+0.1 023 
+0.4 095 
-01 276 
+0.1 157 
+ 0.6 .. 

-0.4 351 
.. 4.14 

-04 26* 

-07 095 
-Ol 553 
♦01 470 
-0.1 299 

.. 129 
+ 1.1 02 * 

Do Accum 

ad Oder Omg YU 

5*7 S63# +03 615 
563 60.1# +03 791 

BU Ota Omg YU 
Japan Growth 1609 1719# +13 . . 1 

BU Offer Chng rid 

The Sax* Exchange London EC2P 2JT 
01588 2868 

Eterrcn 5mefler Cb'i 235 * 2495 +05 S3 

USA E&empi Trust 356 7 378 1 +19 1+ 

m Fmsbiav Parwnent London EC2A 1AV 
01-626 9876 01-260 85*0/1/2/3 
Capital Oowdi Inc 615 857 +02 11 

Do Accum 66.7 73 4 +02 It 

Eastrm i Itm 130 5 1395 +22 01 

Do 6 J « Wmora«W 700 748 +12 01 

France 6 Property 632 675 2i 

□A 6 FuM Income *98 SS* *07 7! 

General Inc 14) 
Do Accum |4| 
Income Fima (3) 
Do Acorn (3) 
feid kic (2) 

Da Acorn 121 
Snueer Inc (51 
On Acorn (51 

3476 3659# +6 3 298 

108.7 1119 .. 491 

1873 1963 .. 491 

1273 1339 .. 1.45 

1683 1759 .. 1 *S 

CMS 11.91# .. 265 

Cl 199 1298* .. 295 

Admei Centre. Hexagon House. 3ft Western 
Road. Rondord RM1 3LB 

Endurance 1075 1150 .. 3.1? 

35. Fauiben 9. Manchester 
061-236 5665 

Eouatatde Peiean 75 7 806 +0 1 31S 

Itati Income Trust 783 B33 +02 4 93 

<3t « Fw»d tt. +04 60S 
Tsi 01 Imr Trues 853 ES 5 +02 VB5 

Spaoel Ska Trust 785 83 5 +02 226 

Nth Amer Trial 60 8 64.7 -03 196 

Far Eastern Trust 77 2 . 82 39 . . 0.64 
hid Growth 479 51 0 -03 096 


Si George Hse Corporation st Oorcnay CV1 

0203 553231 

UK Growth Accum 1513 1609 .. 335 

Do Income 1314 1387 .. 3X 

Higher Inc Aeomi 2S3.0 289 i -03 452 

Do income 203.7 2166 -02 492 

-Gta/Fmad Acorn 1029 1083 +06 26* 

00 income 86 1 927 +37 264 

Nth Amer T« Accum 1410 1499 -0.1 023 

Far East TM Acorn 1406 1*95 +13 3*1 

Eiro To Accum 1419 150 9 +16 133 

General Trust 2365 253 7 -0.4 270 


I. Larrence Poumey Hit. London EC*R DBA 

01-623 4880 

US Smaler CO S 767 821 +27 027 

CBpdal Fund 107 6 1iS 1 +04 0.42 

Income Fund 819 877 -02 *46 

Far Easrem Find 731 712 +12 032 

Orcrceas rierme 666 713# +01 381 

Fixed merest 56.1 6220 . . 900 

Natural Res Fund 360 365* -0 3 4.70 
European toconte 692 74.1 +07 338 


190. wm Gewge Sl Glasgow G2 2RA 

0*1-332 3132 

Ro+bI Exchange. EC3P 30N 
01-688 9903 
Ga 8 Food hi 1235 126.4 
Growth Ercny 20GB 220.1 

Guiutm* 233.7 3WJ 

N Ammcsn 1*00 1+9 0 

PaCAC 2165 2304 

Propanv Share 289 8 287.1 

+09 66* 
-0.1 199 
-09 272 
-10 19* 
+1.1 0.14 
+12 138 
+0.1 1.75 
+29 133 

605 834a +0.1 154 

DOAceum 83 3 876 +10 7 50 

Eou*v Income 792 8*7 +02 4 38 

Dd Accum 1851 1979 +03 *38 

Man Wd Income 790 8*4# +01 708 

Do Accum 207 0 2213* -0 3 7.08 

Ind Income 70 3 751# +0.3 2*0 

DO Accun 720 77 Oe +03 2*0 

Do 5". Vttthdrwf 8S3 699# +03 2*0 

Managed Firri 58 9 621 +0.3 

Praeronce riavoe MO 320# 971 

Do Accum 959 103 M 971 

SmaAer Cos Accum 1431 1530 +0i 156 

World Perm, Share 99 lOSa 069 

PDrtldbO Tst UK 605 834a +0.1 1 54 

Pomoeo Tsi J«tan S52 96 6# +11000 

Portoeo TM US 71.6 744« +01 106 

Pnriftfc Tsi Eirooe 101 6 luS 2# +0 9 000 

Ponftto Tst HK 359 382# -02 0.10 


3 Oentrtas 9. Ettnburah EH3 8YY 
031-225 2561 (Dea*jry03i-Z26 6066) 
tmf Er IZSl 429 1 447 8# T 13 

Japan Er 1*31 379 6 3969 023 

UK Er (31) 333.6 26 0 3 1 *7 

Psal Pens M *460 4716 

PM Pens UK 1990 2096 

BG America 1706 181.5 -0 7 023 

BG Energy 129 1 137 4 +03 1*8 

125 Hxjti Hdtxjrn. London WCIV 6PY 
01-2*2 11*8 

CS Japan Fund 702 843 +1 

L O^^Way. Wembley. HAS 0N8 

Balanced cm me 

DO Accum 

ktcome Glh Inc 
Do Acorn 
Sarvce Co s me 
Do Acorn 

43 2 480 
43 9 467 
40 7 43 Ja 
427 45 4 
46 8 496 
471 SOI 

Fer East 
Norm American 

96 3070# *16 287 
2-9 35*2# +03 396 

18ft7 2007 
1566 1669 
47 4 504 
47 5 509 
Sl 1 544 

+31 033 
.39 oa 
+02 150 
♦0.1 100 
+0.7 050 

379 6 3959 
233.6 2603 
*411 0 471 8 
1990 2096 
1706 181.5 
1291 137 4 

BG tncome Grwth 202 1 2150# -01500 

BG Japan 
BG Technology 

1772 1866 +12 000 

15*0 1839# -19 063 


25)26 AAwnnatlc Street. LanOan W1X 4AD 

01-401 0395 

Amacan 512 5*9 +05 0 

Awnban iS9 18 1 -0 7 3 

Japan A General 1020 1091 +0 7 0 

Hign Income *6B 501 +01 7 

American 512 5*9 

Aunben 159 18 1 

Japan 6 General 1020 109 1 
H*jn income 46 6 501 

mremawmal Trust 760 813c -02 1 0« 

tncome Gdi To *98 533 385 

G«s 8 Fixed M 205 220# 1013 

Giotu) Marfcerc 35 9 384 1 9* 

Special Snuabons 41.9 4*9 -0.1 1.4S 

Uncom House 252. Romford FW E7 
01-53* 5544 

America 863 918 1 45 

AiKI Accum 112 7 USB# -27 179 

Do xrmmn 600 B5 1# -19 1.79 

caueai 713 7SS +0i 290 

Exemol Trial 443 4 470 6 +10 361 

Extra income 77 8 B25 +02 5 14 

Financial 234 0 2*89# -02 3 10 

500 273.7 290 I +09 2.99 

General was 149 4 +02 3 11 

r*t i Fum me 55 * 583# +02 9.*0 

Jinan S Gen me 1510 1606 +12 017 

Do Ac r 1528 1829 

i-rowffi Accum 1839 1956 

feccme Trust 3*32 365 1 

Letsuie Trust 81 6 889 

Scwoal SKuaten* 1*32 1B4.4 

Hecorcr, 197 1 209 6 

TVusMe Fund toss 116M 

Umv Teen a mm 51 4 5* 6# 

Do mcoma 509 541* 

urondmaa Trust 1-1S8 1651c 

B T« Itw Fund ACC 334 9 3562 

Do inc 217 0 2308 


PO Bor 156. Bacfc n mum. Kent BR3 • 

01-658 9002 


PO Box 551 Berts Mvts London EC3 7JQ 

01-621 toll 

CKffid 3632 3885 +08 168 

Ira™ 29*2 314 7 +03 4 19 

North American 204 8 315* .. 085 


1. King VMkam SL EC4N 7AU 
01-623 6314 

G4t Trust 1060 1133 +0.41058 


2. Foro Sum. London 6C2Y 5AO 
01-588 1815 

km Fund 41336 +*90 430 

Fried in 147 □ -23 9 73 

Depose ito.0 . . 990 

chartties official aivesracrrr raw 

2 Fora Sum. London EC2V SAD 
01-588 1BI5 

Income 380.89 a +7 04 * 83 

Acorn Li 09441 +0148 

□epos* 1000 .. 075 


Nanpw Plan Brad BS2 OJH 
0800 373393 

Am# Growth 24 >7 2572 *0.15 190 

Eguty H*n mcome *36 464# . *10 

European Grow* 248 264 +05 2.00 

General Eouty 395 *21 +OI 260 

GW A Flwd tm Gin JO 2 31 8 +02 320 

Rarer VWK TpnorXJga. Trig 10Y 
0732 3S222 

Amman 1061 1135 +10 06« 

Amer Eeray Income 324 34.7 +03 4«t 

Amar Sdeoal S*s 518 555 +06 073 

Far East Me 31 4 335 +01 399 

GAlRucn 312 32.6# .. 091 

Growlit 8 Mctme 1006 107 7# .. 4A6 

Japan Spear Site *09 438 +07 .. 

Japan Trust 1193 127 6* +i.i .. 

Managed W Tsl 1343 1429 +15 001 

Ma» fixxme Edudy 80 6 867 +09 4 76 

Professorial G*i 3*3 365 -01 237 

Soum East aw TSI 26 4 2! 1 -+05 0 56 

Soeoal S*s 1689 17S5 -0.1 064 


8 Crosby Sg. London EC3A SAN 
01-638 5858 

Amencan Exempt E371 1 3794 .. 107 

Japan Erean £377 0 3889 .. 102 

Am Property Tm S107B90 a .. 500 
PrOparty Trust £20320 .. 580 


ECCmInO W3 “ B ° 3S ' Lan30r wu - L 0 " 00 " 

01-628 5181 ' 

Amer & Gan Me 2*4 6 2602 +C5 052 

Do Accum 250 0 2658 +0 * 052 

Smauer Ccmoames 211 7 2253 +01 1.75 

Eirccrntn 7IUS1 2195 23330 +29 109 

Guaaress mahon uwr THUsr 


PO Box 442. 32 St M a r y e t Hfc London EC3P 

-01*029 93S3 ' - - ■ “ 

High mcon« 5* 8 S88C . . 600 

N Amer Trad 1115 1189 .. 0B2 

Racowjnr 2060 220 0 .. 222 

(M Trust 40 7 42 2 ..89* 

Si Vincent kic 069 893 .. 532 

SnAncMUSGSl 820 888 .. 070 

Tempts Bar $■ GO'S 175 4 IKON .. 114 
Tempi* Bar USM 3622 3910 +376 297 

Premier UT AtxmrL 5. Raytogn Rd. D renNwod 

0777 217918 

Hanerce Sn* Go's 1355 i*42c +05 1 80 
HMras N Amer 71.0 755# +07 09T 
Hanrcros Jap 8 F E 1130 1202 -0.1 037 

HantPros Seandvn 77 2 82.1 +00 09* 

Hamoros Etropoan 892 9*9 +1A 097 

Harnbrcs Csnadien 475 505 -0.1 158 

Hamoros Eouty Me 879 810# +02 42* 
Hemuros Hsyi kic 81 3 6S2 +02 527 

II— pros Has asms 569 82* -0.128* 

Hamoros Ind S*s 800 .. 198 

Premur UT Atamnopatan 5. HeyMtaO Hd. Hutton 
Btemvrood Essex 

awoU SAs Me 1365 145.4 -01 

Oo Aeam 1922 20* 7 -02 

ta»ery Trust 101 7 1083 -19 

Carol Growth Inc 60 8 854 -01 

Oa Acam 89 3 75 2 -O l 

Mecxn* Assets 115.9 1233 +02 

Francal Trust 1493 158 5# 

Income S Growth Inc 1496 1592# 

Oo Acorn 2922 3I09« +02 

«xjh Mcorae Toot 184 8 1969 +07 

Enra mcome 1700 1819# +04 

Smaxer Cos Dw 1110 1192 +0* 

Pr« 9 GlS 470 51 3» -0.1 

GrATni* *60 469 +0 5 

Fixed imereM Trial 5*5 57 8# +01 
QtabM HeaOhcao 712 755 -01 

Global Teen iiD9 lire# *02 

Go« 357 302 

international )63S I7*.i +0 7 

GUO* Rescuneas 66 4 70.4 -OA 

riOtldxnde lb) 357 6 370* 

Austretan 529 560 >10 

Etrupeen 217 5 7339 +21 

Euro Smaller Cos BU 89 7 *02 

Mm That 
Japan Speoai Sits 
Paohc SnaUsr Coe 
Smgapore 8 Malay 
Norm Amencar 
Amer Smesar Cm 
Any Recov gr y TM 
i I i0l- Income Eimpi 
Smato Cos Exempt 
Euro Exempt 
Japm Exempt (S) 

N Amar 

dotal Teen Ex (5) 

PacAc Exempt (51 

M Tech 
Do Acam 
Jepai Growth 
Do Acom 
N Amer 9 Gen 
Do Acorn 
PaertK Basin 
Smaaer Cos 8 Bee 
Do Aoarn 
Wortdwtde Growffl 
Do Acoxn 
UK Growth Fund 

175.6 1878 
1S3.4 196.1 
74.4 795 
74 6 797 
1069 1132 
1138 121.7 
1193 1285 
1235 1329 
1939 2072 
2169 2319 
187 7 200.7# 
2838 282.8 
47.7 310 

WxMjwe Park. Exeter EXS TOS 
0392 S2155- 

Generai Trial *45 *79 
mcome Trust 385 412 

M Mm eeonM Trial 33 0 350# 
Amencan 325 3*9 

Japan 385 412 

That Qt kw 287 307 

M« GsecwmES 

Three Ouen. Tower H8 EC3R 9BQ 

01-828 4588 

Amer 6 Gen Me 2269 

Do Accum 2839 

Amer Recovery 2*98 

Do Accum 2723 

Am Seeker Cm 63* 

Do Accum 635 

Aral 6 Gat Me 62* 

Dp Accum 83 t 

Comm 8 Gen Me 1465 
Do Acasn 1912 

CtmpOixid Growth 414.1 
Comar van Growth 325.7 
Oa Me 1852 

Dividend Find Me 4195 
Dd Accum EI2J0 

Eire pear S GoarM 1965' 

Do Acorn 2Z2S 

Extra VMU Me 2293 

Do Acam 493J 

Far Eastern Me 107 1 
Do Acorn 1302 

Find Of Mv Me 2395 

Do Ace 3769 

General Mcome 6260 
Do Acorn Cl 329 

m t fixed « 62.4 

•Oo Acom 946 

GoW Income 300 

Do Acom 319 

T Mcome Me 3271 

Acorn B88.0 

Ml Growtfi Me 730 9 
Oo Acom £11 66 

MS MC Me 581 

Japan 6 Gen inc 72*9 

DO Accum 7772 

Japan Smote Acc 883 
Mesanp & Gen me 5739 
Oo Accum C1*27 
R ecovery Fund Me 3769 
Oo Accum *891 

+0 6 007 
+05 007 
4«9 002 
+09 002 
.. 090 

+08 021 
+0.0 021 
+36 193 
+01 188 
+1 4 091 
+2.1 0.91 
+01 20* 

+0.1 370 
+0.1 590 
+02 100 
.. 200 
♦04 100 
.. 300 , 

Bid Offer Chng YU 


163. Hope Street GMsgdw G2 2UH 
0*1 221 9252 

American 1108 12*7 +0.7 Z99 

European 220 0 235.7 +39 108 

Suite Cos 2165 2311 +04 102 



40 Gracathurch St EC3P 3HH 
01-623 4200 Ext 299 . 

MPt UK . 2005 219.7 -0 1 290 

DO Acom 3335 3540 -0.1 290 

NPI Overaeax 653 8 5892 +20 0.70 

Do Accum • 8755-7107 +22 070 

Far East Ace 75.7 800 +0.9 010 

Amencan Acc 591 829# -02 100 


EUROPEAN ACC 471 302 ..090 

WORLDWIDE ACC 470 501 +0.1 1.40 

PO B or *■ N ormcfl NR1 3NG 
0603 «777m 

Grovo Trust Cl 227 1292 +001 352 

Md Trust 1259 132 2 .. 1.41 . 

68. Camn StaM. London EC4N SAC 
dxakngs 01-236 3865/6/7/8/B/0 
tawta BB M Grown 135 2 1*4 6# +06 099 
Wcome«Growtn 64 6 691 +04 201 

Wbrtdmda Rec 83 4a 802# +06 OSS 

Amencan Growth 359 303 -0.1 000 

Japan Growth 57.0 610 +fl* 130 

Eucpean Growth 509 630 +07 000 

UK Grow*! S62 59.1# *02 0 99 

pacific Grow* 492 527# +03 022 

Wgn income 332 35.6# -02 7.02 

Practical income S3* 568 +0 1 224 

00 Accum 908 1028 +01 22* 


252. KMh HctOOm. WCIV 7EB 
01-405 8*41 

Bkf Offer Chng Yld 

tod Offer Cteg . YU 

Second Gen Me 
Do Aeoxn 
Smaller Cos Me 
Do Accum 
Trustee Fund Me 
Do Accum 
Ctatrand Me |3| 
00 Accum [31 
Chantund Me 12) 


n oso 
359 5 

400.7 4048 
no. *5 1056 

•0.1 134 
+01 19* 
♦0.1 093 
+01 093 
♦03 022 
♦03 022 
-24 130 
-29 130 
-10 119 
-14 3 19 
-04 134 
+13 288 
+08 589 
+19 496 
+0.04 489 
+06 088 
♦09 088 
+03 531 
+0 8 531 
-09 172 
-10 1.72 
+03 246 
♦0 5 246 
+15 396 
♦003 396 
+02 902 
+03 9.02 
-03 320 
-03 320 
*08 500 
+22 5.00 
-14 178 
-002 1.78 
. *84 
+29 039 
+ 27 039 
+09 003 
+33 400 
+008 4 00 
+12 2.75 
+15 275 
+30 342 
+005 3*2 
+1 6 2.73 
♦002 273 
+12 4.17 

Japan Growth 
Japan Smaler Cos 

New Technology 
SE Asa Growdi 


Select kne mmune l 
Smsfier Co's Inc 
Special Saracens 
UK Ecjuxy 
US Growth 

Universal Growth 

862 921 
1065 1132 
845 903 
1105 1207 
289 302# 
914 977 
801 9*2 
1319 1*0.7 
1599 1709# 
162.6 1739 
739 709 
1639 175.1 
985 1032a 
1089 1997 
759 81 0 
839 804 

+01 293 
+04 3.60 
*09 .. 
+09 .. 
+0.1 304 
-00 .. 
-01 318 
+02 376 
.. 3.79 
-02 3.83 
+02 1.65 


+0.1 256 
-0.1 1.75 
+04 142 

PactHc me 144.7 15*0# ±3.4 037 

DO Acam T484 1590* +34 037 

-M Me 3035 3229 +10 127 

Do Actxm 37*8 3969 +F2.127 

Started Opps Me 632 673 +01 168 

Oo Acam 693 739 +4? 168 

Nacre! Ras *06 412 -05 232 

Oo Aocim 41 7 444 -05 222 


Tangrtfouse. GeWiouW HtL Ayteebury BUCKS 

Amer Eag<n 747 794# +02.008 

01-405 1441 
Grown Fund Me 
Do A ccum 
Mctme Fund 
In* Eflutv Me 
Oe Accum 
Un* Trim Inc 
Do Acam 

917 976 
137.8 I486 
124 8 1329 
1273 135* 
1273 135.4 

+02 2.02 
+04 2.02 
.. 393 
+07 173 
+07 173 

Enter prise Ha as. Fe tsu ndt 
0705 827733 
Amencan Me 
Oo Acam 
Australian be 
Oo Aca m 
Eiropean Me 
Do Acam 
G# 0 Ftad Me 
Da Acam 
GcM Ftrid me - ’ 

Do Acam 

Do Acom 
inti mime 
Oo Acom 
Jap Star Co s Ac 
Singapore 8 Mtay 
Ob Acom 
Sm eta Gas me 
Do Accum 
Soeeal S« Me . 

Do Accum 
Tokyo Fund Me 
Do Accum 
US Smsta Co s Ac 
UK Ecmty Inc 
Oo Acam 
R ecovery 

Special Exempt 
Peno na 8 C hanty 
Extra Mcome 

+02 093 
+0.1 093 
-1.6 275 
-17 275 
+07 1.14 
+07 1 14 
+03 089 
+04 899 
-02 238 
-02 238 
-01 461 
-03 491 
+07 era 
+09 048 
♦09 0.00 
-05 1.06 
-05 1.06 
+02 1.14 
+02 1.14 
+01 099 
+02 099 
+12 024 
+12 02* 
-05 000 
+02 328 
+02 326 | 
.. 252 I 
.. T21 | 
.. 113 
.. 692 

CbmmoiJty 66.0 71 0 

Energy 303 3ZS 

Eqdby 1301 1399 

European Spec Sib 699 9*9 

Erin Mcome 1192 177.8 

Ffauncal 291 1 3006 

Get income 1007 1121 

GoU Income *93 53.0 

Do Acam 90.4 973 

16.0 17.1 .. 010 

66.0 710 m 7 1.77 

303 3330 +12105 

1301 139.6# .. 297 

898 94.9 +09 205 

Do Rextwst 
Pro! Snare Fd 
UK Captel 
Wdrtd Mcome • 
WorMwxM Gepitu 

Enety ex (31 

Do Aaam (3) 

8B8 94.9 +0£ 205 

1192 177.6 +08 *53 
2811 3006 -10 177 

1007 1121 +07,777 

*93 53.0 -04 146 

90.4 973 -0 6 1.46 

862 921# -04 *80 
908 907# +05 O.iO 
19.9 212. +01 148 

835 890 +00 089 

1036 1105 +10 OA 

17.7 19.1# . .. 929 

714 765 . 155 

804 ffll +03 053 
467 +98 +03 010 

552 585a . . i299 

1412 1615# .+07:126 
820 872 .. 137 

15*5 1649 .. -157 

2. Stitey Axe. London EC3ABBP 
01 3282356 

Smaler Cos 67.1 713 +02 UM 

170 4 1357# -45 269 

2253 2402# *02 269 

33-36 Oracta ycn SI London EC3V out 
01-623 5776/8711 

2*4 6 2602 
SPO 2658 

Amer Turnamd Me 216 6 2304# +IJ |.I2 

Oa Acam 
Caota Tsi inc 
Do Acam 
Corn IGeln 
Do ream 
Extra Me Tst Me 
Do A ccum 
Income Trust 
Do Acam 
Mt Growth Fd Me 
Do Acam 
Jann 8 Gen Me 
Do Acam 

22*6 Z388# +12 1.12 
2138 227 4 +0 2 2 10 

257 2 273 6 * 02 2 10 

89 6 952# +04 S 14 
1192 126 6* +04 51* 
165* 1750 +06 4 18 

‘!?S 'KB +0 5 4.18 

1210 1285# +0-2 4.13 

127* 135 4# +02 4 13 
ira2 1B0O *0 7 

1880 2000 *09 

BI 5 B08 +04 008 

822 87 4 *04 008 

NLA Tower AOMcOmte Road. Croydon 
01-686 *355 01-628 8011 
Broad Tnol UniB 5*98 584.7 -0 

Monthly income Fd 8*8 902# *01 4.43 

GH 8 Fixed Me 
Mdfl." Seoxtas 
Japan Growth 

25.1 265 
305 26 9 
ZS.7 306 

Oa Accum 
Ewonean me 

Do Accum 

1416 150 6 
1534 163 0 
542 57 6 
542 57 6 

Capra Trust Urals 103 7 110.4 

C**ar Trusi Hrvts 194 4 2069 

Eurocrat Trust 1173 1248 

Far Era Trust 1184 1198 

Fnanoel Trust 372* 3902 

Ga Fried Mt Me 29 5 30 7. 

Do Growth 4 *2 *69 

Hxjh Yreto Trust 66 5 70 » 

Income Trust 86 1 91 7 

Inter* norm 1168 1284 

Japan Teen tm 3*0 302 

Natural nnewte - 294 3T3 

Seamy Trust 1876 199 6 

Sm e tr Cos 91 4 97 J 

Spaa# Sds TO20 1093 

5*96 564.7 rill 109 

1037 110* -01 16* 

194 4 2069 +01 288 

117 3 124 8# +18 0 79 
1114 1196# -0.1 200 
3724 3902 -2 3 2 S3 

29 5 30 7# +02 9 48 

442 469 +0 3 738 

66 5 708# -01 4 88 

861 917 +03 423 

1188 12fi*e +1 I 2.18 
340 302# -03 041 

294 313 -14 167 

1876 1996 186 

914 97J 148 

1029 1090 124 

161 CtwOTde. London EC2V 6EU 
01-726 1999 

Portam End, Dcxkng. Sirroy 
03» 685055 

152 8 162 5 +13 017 

1839 1956 +03 125 

3*32 365 1 +09 337 

816 086 -0* 128 

1492 154.4 -02 2.17 

197 I 2096 +03 130 

1096 1168# -01 179 

51* 5* 6# -02 021 

50.9 54 1# -01 021 
1458 156 1C +08 105 

Catxra Acam 
Energy Trust 
ExSR Mroma 

2863 304 5# 
443 471 
164 0 1744 
(0*5 1749c 
56 1 578# 

Gar Strategy 56 i 578# 

Growth e i na stm e nt 2830 301 Oe 
Income 3 Growth 412 438 
Japanese 6 Peote 1520 161 6 
Ndi Amar Growth H&6 1113 
Ind RoCTJWjry 111 7 1188 

State COS 2102 2236 

OooaJ me Tst 552 SB 7# 

Crown Horae. Wofcng ouzi ixw 
04862 5033 

Hgn Income Trust 2*8 0 2652 

Growth TruM 226 7 2*15 

Amencan Tnot 132 7 141.M 

+07 147 
-02 443 

+01 sir 

-OS 182 
+02 ITT 
.. 142 
. 432 
+34 058 
-01 063 
*01 187 
+1 0 182 
-02 569 

FP Eomv oa 
Do Acam 
R> Fixed Mt 0#l 
Do Acam 
Steward**) Dot 
Do Acom 

2027 2151 
3378 3586 
1153 1226 
1313 139 8 
1738 184 4 
17»4 1904 

Eoutv mam. 
Grower 6 me 
japan Special 
Japan Sumw 
F*a Europe 

Fxsi Japan 
Fra N Amer 
Fra Smaiar Cos 

550 568 
52 0 556 
572 615 
111 0 1180# 
842 690 
950 1016 
850 909 
983 1045 
793 8*8 
50 * 539# 
64 S GS3 

rimmi. Sunny i 
07377 4Z*3( 

10. Fenrttinclt SL London EC3 
01-623 6000 

UK Mcome 493 52* +01 4.47 

UK Growth Acam 495 517 243 

Do Dot 49 5 517 2*3 

Eurocrat Grtnrth 401 512 +06 183 

Paenc Grown 48 6 517 +03 

4 Metvwe Ducat. Ednbnrgh 
031-226 3*82 


BA Poor. 8. Oeecnshxe Sa London EC2M 4YJ 

01-283 2575 Deeing 01-626 9*31 

UK Cap Aid me 1003 107 3 , 220 

Do Aram 1+10 imo 2-0 

Mcome Fund SI 0 86.7 GOO 

Pemron Exempt 1688 1768 1 90 

Imflrrvuxral T5B4 170 5 100 

US 6 General 63 8 683 . 0 90 

Teen 6 Growth 713 763 . IDO 

Japan & General 2154 230 4 020 

Far Erst 8 Gen 954 KB l OSO 

European Fund 2184 2338 . 040 

Germany Firm 59 4 636 1 ,g 

2 St Mara Axe. London EC3A ESP 
01-623 1212 Deamg 01-623 6766 Casing 01-823 

Panned imr 
Eiropean Inc 
Do Aram 
General ra 
Do Aram 
Gb YoW MC 
fX) Accum 
Hta Y«ia Me 
Do Acam 
Japan mcome 
Oa Accum 
N American Inc 

Do Acam 

Pacific income 
Do Accum 
an# COS MC 
Du Aram 

1279 1361 +18 189 

81a BG *• *0 5 140 
1016 108 3# +06 140 
1820 1722# 299 

2209 234 7 -0.1 299 

1183 1198# *08 887 
1864 1322 +13 887 

678 912# *02 550 
1740 1805 +0 5 550 

2312 2*M +17 1.67 

2329 95 t +28 167 
509 64 1# *04 003 

59 1 62 7 +03 083 

1249 131.1 *03 023 

1406 1475 +03 023 

80 5 857# +04 IS} 
954 1013# +04 160 

Amencan Fin! 
Capiat Ftrid 

739 790 
371 1038 

□rowtft 8 Me Fund 13* 0 1*30 

Hqn Dot FixxJ 
international Find 
Resotrces Fund 

USB 1174 
1887 2019# 
183 190 

Soar Jap CO’S Fnd 359 384 

Tokyo FrmJ 
(EM Amer {21 
(E«) J*en a 
(Exi Pacific (*i 

1495 >5 S3 
1500 1SAJ 
1030 1059# 
7590 2S7S 

+03 US 
+04 16* 
-02 4.1 9 
+01 5.75 
+05 111 
-01 Oil 
+02 . . 

♦ 21 016 


. oa 

-08 038 
+39 010 
+01 1ST 

74 TB Fxtsburv Pavement London EC2A 1JD 
Dl-58 8 2777 Dealing 0t-638 8*78/9 MontyGuta 
090001 033J 

Growth 0* 594 603 +03 041 

{Exi State Jap <4) 2050 2120 
Errotmf 236 2320 

Bam Haas, cneasnhsm. GM u e ew m 053 7LQ 
02*2 5213H 

UK Batamo Me 70 1 74 8# -0 1 23E 

Do Accum 713 760# -0.1231 

UK Growth Acam 6*0 889 -01 18* 

UK High Inc Me gas 709 -02 501 

N Amenran Accum 67 3 7l B# 0.3 E 

Far Eastern Acam 852 909# +14 0 17 

tuopern Acom 70S 755 +10 099 


Amencan Trust 970 1039# *1.1 OQo 
Australian Trust 158 167 -05 035 

Bnfsn Tst Acam 604 61 7 2 16 

Do Orst 529 56 7 -0 1 2.16 

Conmoexy snare 507 size -at ih 

European Trust *60 492 038 

Enra Mcome Trust *82 517 +03 518 

Far Eastern Trust 1209 1293 . . 000 

Fixed Merest FtrxJ 26 7 288 9SS 

G*l Trust 27 1 282# +02 BS7 

Gcaal Func Acam 1598 1701 +1 1 022 

Do Os 1523 1821 +10 022 

Gold Share Tnol 107 H4 150 

Hedged Amencan 320 3*3 020 

hta Moane Tnol l*3B 15*0 +05 5.00 

Hong nong Trust 255 27 0 1 05 

income Fund 169 814 3 14 

Japan Trust 13U 141.9# *0.4 000 

Maneoad Emma 2745 2880 +1 8 187 

CM & Energy Trust 312 305 -02 1 SO 

5peaal S« Trust 930 1027 *01076 

169 814 314 

1313 14! 9# +0.4 000 

2740 2880 +1 8 187 

312 315 -02 ISO 

959 10J7 *01 076 


32. Queen Ames Gta. London SWIM 9AB 
01-222 1000 

181 Br* 6 Oseas 13*2 1*18 *09 170 

IBl inc Plus 580 596 +19 9 70 

BI CaCrtai Growth 572 BOB +07 200 

! Mrostmem T« Fnd 668 71.1 -01 040 

1 20. f enc ru roi SL Lorvmn ECS 
01-823 8000 

Amor Growth file 669 709 +1 1 1 01 

Do Acam 883 724 +1.1 . 

fins Mv Tn Inc 20 0 21 4 292 

Do Acom 25 2 270 +02 

tah Yea Inc 1778 136.1# +07 597 

Do Aram 2130 2268# +12 .. 

Int Recovery Hie 101 7 1083# +03 163 

Do Accum 107 0 11*0 +02 .. 

Jeoan Grown me 9*2 999 +05 .. 

Do Accum 94 6 100 3 +05 

State Cos Me 166D 1788 +05 203 

Do acom 216 8 7308 +0 6 

UK Eo Growth me 29 1 31 0 -0 1 100 

Do Accum 479 51 0 

WotfihvXJB Tarti Me ai 7 44 4 *01 050 

Do Acam 420 44.7 +01 . . 



Mama Fir# *50 6 4001 . 492 

■tamaKOnal A Can 2382 2*3 1 0.76 


&entnood Essex 

Eoixty Detntxnon 278 1 297* -08 291 

Do Aram 43*6 *64 8 -09 231 

„ Oo income 63 7 68 1 e +02 4.41 

Eurooean 64 6 69.1 +09 1 56 

Far Eauem 98 3 105 1 +05 051 

G* Trust 785 M l . 508 

Cnantuno file ra *00.7 *o* 8 

DO Accum 12) £10*5 1056 

Penscn Exempt (1/ *618 4826 


Do Aeaen |3| *708 

11. Devonshire Sa London EC2M 4VR 
07-623 4273 

Ecxay Exempt *120 *300 *22 203 

Do Aram 6322 5*5* +20 203 

UK Martwt Feoures 770 834 +1 0 1 82 

DO Aram 790 840 +09 1 92 

Jaooi Beta mane* 1336 M22# +1 4 000 

Do Accum 1340 1420# +14 000 

US Soecai Features 705 760 +03 OiB 

DP Aram 712 7B0 +04 0 !9 

Goto & Piraeus Met 3*2 37.1 -OJ 166 

Do Aram 352 383 -OJ 158 

US Spooal Me 56 0 636 +0.1 4.49 

DO ACCUM 616 66.4 +02 449 

European Pen Me 787 815 +1.1 109 

Do Acam 760 81 6 +1.1 1.09 


99- 1 0O. SantRng Bd. MOdMOne. Kent ME14 1XX 

0632 874761 

liLA General 33 9 359# 208 

MLA htentton# 505 530 +02 098 

MLA Gil lint 245 359 +031D03 

ULA Mcome *30 455 +03 4.94 | 

MLA Eurooean 275 29.1 +02 0.85 : 


*8. Han Street. Harney O Thames 

0*91 578868 

Ml GrtRvth 281.1 290 2 

tncome 198* 2125 

Wortende Rec 1495 1605 

Amer Orowth 720 780 

Me Emm CP's 79.7 850 

Far Eau Gmth 690 7« 1 

European Gin 54.4 580 

322. Bsnopgzle. London EC2 
01-2*7 75*4/7 

imeromon# 1110 1199 

Hign Mcome 53 2 674a 

Conv&G# 985 1050# 

Far Eastern 1565 167 8 

North Amancoi 138* 1484 

Special Sm 716 760 ■ 

Technology 1181 1296# 

Extra Mcome 906 985# 

51-bb. #oro HR. rnord Easex. «l 2DL 
01-478 3377 

HoMom Equity 406 0 *34.0 -0. 

+08 081 
-04 423 
+00 133 
. 072 
+01 030 
+03 098 
+0.4 1.49 

UK Efflxly Me 233 269 . . 401 

DO ACC 353 26 9 ..404 

Elta T« Me 23 6 251# +04 1.00 

Oo Acc 23.6 25 1# +04 1.00 

OOBR Gfll Me 280 390 401 1.00 

DO ACC 28 1 29.9 *0.1 1.00 

Managed Exohpt 1190 124.8 .. 400 

28. SI Andrews So. EtWxrgh 
031*556 9101 i 

MB Mcome lines 1551 1650 

Do Acom 230* 2*51 



UK E«Ry 188 1 2012 

American 1505 161 0 

Pacta 1603 171 5 

European 21*0 2269 



109. rincam Sl Glasgow G2 5HN 

Urnma# Houm.Z 

01-2*8 1250 
American Growtfi 
General Gnmh 
Global Tech 
Mcome Ouwtli 
Mcome Mommy 
Japan Growth 
Man Eouty Me 
Do Acom 
Omas Growth 
Speoal OppS 

Pudoa Dock. London EG*v 

493 480 +03 088 

531 97.1# +02 008 
439 459 -02 0.10 

62 3 663# +0.1 804 
503 530# +02 7.18 
*38 4640 *0.7 JltS 
2* J 260 -■ 208 

24.7 263 ... 208 

45 0 403 +03 un 

627 as a +0.4 Z74 

730 704 +01.250 

St Georgea Way. SMvanage Herts 
5M38 356101 

GrowM Una 789 61 7 281 

G# 8 Fixed Mt 114 3 1183 +14 762 

Huh Mcome Units 11&2 1224 533 

Him raid GH Un 58.1 60 1 . B« 

fi7 GrowM touts 1228 1305 +12 039 

M Aimrleair Una 739 775 +09 041 

Far Exit Unts 685 940# +07 0 IS 

State Cos Fund 683 720# +03 1.78 


Uneem Hie. 252. Romtefl Rd. £7 
01-334 55*4 

Meneap 1407 1496 +0 1 401 

33. KMo w#am SL EC*R 9AS 

Amer Growth 1039 1105 

DO Aram 1081 1T*f 

Amer Mcome 50* gj 

Do Aram 53 7 S60 

Emptei Growth 1190 ifflS 

Do Aram 122.1 129 8 

Hotwra Bqufiy 406 0 *34.0 -0.6 308 

European 86 2 81 7# +09 0.66 

HoMom Comma 5* 0 57.4# . . 0 60 

HOTOoro HWi Me 665 70 7# +0 1 606 

HoMon* MB 953 101 3e +03 006 

Japanese 878 933 +08 005 

N Amencan 77 8 B25# +05 008 

Heftom Soec 54s S3 69 4# . . 233 

HoMom UK Growth 836 88.9 -03 211 

HoMom G« Trust 1871 1850 +14 250 

31-45 Gresnatn SL London EC2V 7LH 
01-600 4177 

Oroorani General *330 4619 .. 204! 

Oiadnm Meome 2*64 2629# .. MO 

OuatvamkifiFO 37* 3 394 1 .. 1.14 

Ouadmni Racomry 3660 2830 .. 247 

S Sta^J^Lane. London 6C4P 40U 

NC Amanca me 29*3 3130 .. 094 

Do Aram 3167 3369 -0.1 094 

NC Energ y Rw 1338 103 298 

Mcome 91 0 980 -00 301' 

NC Japan 1783 1896 +14 001 

NC State COS 141.7 1507 *410 1 97 

NC Star E»mp Cos (645 1749 +14 044 

NC Exempt GN EIJi 0 1360 653 

NC Amer Prop 51157 1218 .. .. 

NC Property 1580 I860 -16.1 . . 


S swet - Ltritori EC4R 3AS 

OI-&JO 30 

UK Buoy 
Grit & Fared 
UK Sm* Co'S GQ 

174 2 185* 
1193 1270 
151 1 1600 
1756 1868 
1115 1187 
154 4 1640 

*01 207 
+10 7 13 
*05 100 
+20 067 
*02 1 4B 
+10 0.72 


AtOMWl 50 

Do Acc 52 

Caw# 321 

[to Acam 577.1 

Eteffpt 303 

Oo Acam 690J 

Far Easten 149; 

Da Acam 161.' 

FM 8 Prop 54 j 

Do Acam 85.; 

G*t Capital 126J 

_ Do Acom 146.1 

G* (uoome iia; 

Do Aram 1791 

HflfiftffW SI 

Do Acam 122J 

Jncome S43J 

Oo Aram . 75i; 
lr« Earrings 166.' 

-10 1.76 
-05 318 
-09 0.18 
+0.4 550 
+1.0 950 
-00 B54 
-00 054 
.. 29« 
.. .291 
+0.6 S0O 
+tt7 800 
+04 939 
+0.1 586 
+00 586 
+93 430. 
+00 *96 


29. CMtloRa Sq. Edntxrgn 
031 226 *372 

0722 336242 
UK Efcjdy 
Pacta Bate 
N Amer 

118.4 1260# -05... 
134.1 1*25# +11..;. 

us.* 1230# -00:.. 


vwnd Growth 
N Amencan 
tncome Fund 
n Amar Me 
UK Growth 
Exea Me 

575 610# 026 

B! 38 0 +01 1 06 

3*6 371# riU |J2 

46 3 490 .. 463 

373 +0.6 +05 100 

260 280 -01 137 

325 3*8 -Q.1 1.49 

330 350# .. *35 


01-236 -V8? 

Growth Jnc 
□o Acom 
_ Do Acam 

London 6C4P 40U 

29*3 3130 
3167 3309 - 

1338 1423 
91 0 96 0 
1783 189 6 + 

141,7 1507 + 

S 164 5 1744 + 

till 0 1360 
51157 1218 
1580 I860 -1 

Amercan (41 2*00 2440 -20 1.79 

Saar nos 12} 708 0 723 0 .. 2 19 

JtahirekMS) 1710 174 5 .. 988 

Meta. (3} 398 S *065 .. 1.79 

F.«ed merest it* D 1750 *20 242 

te"WI 125.0 1280# +151203 

Far East 12} 2115 2150# .. 021 


te r ta. 4 Fte».UwtaO»L68 3H s 

Etejr Trust 640 880 . 342 

MH Trust 72.4 77 0 +03 102 

Grijruu Z70 264# +01 8 10 

y Jta l 334 355 143 

Pacta Basm Tsl 37 9 400 +03 OSS 

uKSteCa Ree Tst 73d 791 -O* 138 


Wncmste hsb. 77. Lonoon iva*. London EC2N 
IDA ___ 

01-588 5620 
Inti Growth 
Amencan Growth 
Anencan Me 
Eurooean Grown 
Got ft tentnas 

77 4 827# +04 167 
66 * 731# +00 082 
707 756 +02 468 

1933 2067 +19 023 

33-7 360 -Ol 200. 

Natural Hoi 479 512 +C 1 3 20 

NAmev.C3>l Trust 793 B»B *03 233 

UK Soeoal Sds 640 685# *02 204 

Hegoirar* Dot. oc»xip-8y-Sea worm nr 


044a 45914* 

Bajmcad 1*7 1986 -0.1 068 

Do Aram 330 6 S3 S -00 208 

Energy md 476 50.9 259 

Oo Accum 525 56.1 258 

Evlra M«ms 1617 1700 +0 1*51 

Do Accum 2918 3120 +01*91 

German Gin Me 580 630 -Ofl 0.15 

Db ream 590 830 +08 015 

Mctme 2760 2954 +00 406 

Do Accum 5*3 7 5814 *08 426 

Do Aram 
G# A Fted 
Da Aram 

Do Aram 
Exempt owe 
Exempt Aram 

1039 1109 
1081 11*9 
M* 536 
52 7 580 
1190 128 S 
122.1 129 8 
2508 2699 
4126 4389 
900 909# 
107.3 1020# 
849 SB 9# 
93* P90# 
227 7 242 2# 
282 0 2909# 
18*8 ITS 3 
188 8 1799 
2034 2180 
217 I 2309 

0*3 4 250 9 

3720 3835 

+01 079 
+01 079 
-01 *80 
+12 10S 
*10 105 
-14 1 89 
-20 1 n 

+07 737 
+09 737 
+03 * 12 
+00 4.12 
+18 105 
+21 105 
+1 3 OOP 
• 12 000 
-03 038 
-03 208 
. 002 

&£**!»« 1218 1298# +00 I *5 

Do Aram 1712 1B20# +04 1*5 

If mcome Tnot 9*0 IBM# *0* 

Do Aram 1081 116 1# -09 404 

US Growth 50 2 620 *0 1 105 

(to Aram 59.4 630 -01 1.05 

Sff 1 L °? 0ari House, conmsier COi iha 
0206 5761 15 


PO Box 902. Etfenotxgh &I16 5BU 

031-656 EDOO 

PH Eq HK 2*0 8 2560 

Do Aram 277 0 29*8 

30 London EC IT 2AY 

01-638 6011 

Amer Teen C Gen 1085 1 18 1 
Pacta , 17ia 180J 
Sec Income Fnd 1901 192 7 
&*■*) SeuaKna 220 B 236.4 

Md Growth 27 8 297# 

Amencan Majors 73 1 782 
Smei Cos 400 *30 

Japan Tertt ft Gen 1002 1073 
Mamaaon# taome 560 60 1 
ExemPI 551 7 6*5 8# 

UK General 348 370# 

Euro Growth 29 0 311 

tea tncome 350 37.8# 

_ Do Acam 

Spec# SAs 427 45 J# 

DoAcam *30 *58 .. 100 

TtinWM 1397 T48.7# -0.1 306 

,99. *°S*" 213.0 2260# -00 036 

Arnw. ft Gan 6l 1 65.1 -00 1 J1 

Do Accum ei.l 65-1 -ft 2 tJJ 

Master PorMo £81 12 82.69c - 0 , 0 8 '3fi0 

AlNig Rom Asts BJ 1180 1259 +50 .103 


oSrioTi5® 5 *‘ 7 ‘ D * ,wia * B Sq. London B52 

1M.1 207 8 +0 4 1.78 

2837 30T S +00 f.78 

220.4 23*0 +03 403 

2204 Z34J *00 .403 
42 7 45 J# ...-.•tft* 
*00 *5 B .. 100 

085 1181 -01 004 

710 1800 -1 7 000 

901 192 7 -09 4 15 

CO 9 336.4 +D T 1.49 

27 8 297# +00 016 

731 7x0 .001 

400 430 +03 167 

1002 1072 +1 4 OCC 

560 60 I +00 50* 
551 7 585 8# . . 205 

3«fl 370# +O0 181 
290 01 1 *04 002 

3S0 37.8# +09 440 

2C*c2T. T T!* 858 ras# ri>vft§g 

m ^ 91 4 970 +09 1 00 

It# atte h 874 71.7# .. OBD 

teS?rJSS. B35 AS +<M StO 

-^ an Grown n1 g .,204 +t.7 300 

Sma n C ompanros 1160 12*0 -Ol £00 

Te^fflogy 330 3S4 -01 050 

355 3&1 -11.200 

r ln .TS?, - 1306 139.0W +07 2 71) 

^2“2G»oxrth *85 51.6# *06*20 

KJa( > 202 21 A. -. - -19P 

canaten Bal Gm” SOD 830 -Tr 0« 

W™™^£UgrTRU8T«ANA0«i ^ 

ZS&tM SS f.% 

01-405 8331 

«BvSBa#y 500 639 *0.1 TA8 

522 550 50 A# +01 403 

Kaa sir . 290 


tS5«^^- U,,, * ,,B:aiSPr 

Special Sea (Sl 53 B 870# +09 003 

W4 &W * fl,5H!aZ 

Income unns 
Oa Acam Urvts 

250 270 
280 308 

*5 Cnanrae i So. tewpi 


Co!roS«se. Sever SL Head. Swthard Si 3RD 
07*2 7698*2 

caste Income 787 839# 208 

bcAram 1070 114 3# . 208 

Caste I nc ome 78 7 839i 

boAra^ 1070 114 » 

Commodey ft Sen 1015 1080 

Do Aram 1*82 'S5. 


DoAcam 70S 751i 

GHftFwedMc 56 J 575j 

OQJrain 901 Rft 

ihp j«S 

Dp Acorn 2885 268.4 

1767 1884 
Dd Aram 297 7 306 8 

Jetun 4 PBOflC »75 2MB 

DO Acam 2700 JSLO 

N Amencan me 11*0 121 6l 

DoAcam 1365 i*5Al 

Euro Glh Me 108 5 115 71 
Da Aram 1303 i3fl9< 

Smote cm me 116.1 1238 

Da Aram t229 i3t a 

78 7 839# 208 

1070 114 3# 238 

1015 1080 -0 8 327 

U30 1525 -1 0 327 

800 8*9# -0.1 743 

70 5 751# .. 743 

55 f 57 J# +02 890 
971 RIO# *04 630 
158.1 1686 . 537 

2885 2884 -Ol 507 
1787 1884 -03 357 

297 7 3068 -06 357 

2575 2748 *23 010 

2700 7980 +31 giQ 

1140 1216# +02 1 23 
1365 1456# +02 1 23 
1085 1157# *1 5 101 
1303 1389# .18 121 
1(6.1 1238 -00 208 

1229 131 d +02 208 

Amencan Growth 
Caote Accum 
Gw Income 
t+gn Mccvne 

Income ft Grow*! 

Jason Growth 

Soeoal Sit* 

960 1024c +O0 074 
187 8 1995# -02 2 02 

565 598# +0.1 8.63 
840 89 4# +00 4 66 
1013 1HO +01 *10 
820 87.3 +1 0 OM 

1100 1708 +08 109 

031-226 3271 
Amencan Fin) 
Do Aram 
Do WP xfij w # 
Ausuaean Fixxj 
D o Aram 
Br##i Fiarg 
Dd Accum 
Eimpoan Fund 
Do Accum 

7330 2*82 
2618 2788 
1835 17*0 
9*8 1010 
964 1028 
617 5 657 7 
<01 7 0880 
28*0 0820 
278 7 397 0 
3025 3220 
30*0 3239 
18*0 1777 

-00 233 

-22 mb 

-00 203 
-09 131 
-09 101 
.. 404 
■ 404 

-*?» 039 
+22 039 
+10 002 
+11 002 


28 WBOTi Hd. Romford RMI 3LB 
68-73 Owen Si Eantvtai EH2 4NX 
Pom loro 070846966 0> (ten} 031-226 7351 
Amer Arc l Grown 683 730 -Ol 663 

Can'!# um n 984 1030# *6l2i3 

conrmoetty 44 0 47 0 -OJ 1 09 

Energy men 436 465 *02 4 13 

Eurooean Growth 952 101 B +11058 

Erempi fnc Bid 834 B7.B -02 497 

Op my Ml 57.7 60.6 -00 2 36 

Ertteanm 35 J 37 7 -0 3 0.00 

Financial Ssa 
GJl 6 Ft Me 
High Ratim Unts 

Hrfi Yrctd touts 

Mcome Lmm 

969 1035# . *00 ?07 
54 8 570 *D01Q7| 

190 9 204 1 4 49 

1713 1832 -00 397 
87 6 10*0 .. 8.11 

Oo Accum 30*0 3239 +11 002 

Same. PPP 18*0 1727 


HonMm. Sussex 

0*03 58393 

Z rvv . 3993 424 6 -16 216 

N Am Trial Acc 59 5 830 riU T 17 

far East Trim A cc 73 8 78 5 +10 009 

WtrataaBono 5^3 -0.| 


,3 «dte. Hama. SP10 IPG 

<064 63188 (tempi 0264 6433 
finwanme 1207 1285# *00 097 

_Dn Aram 1258 133 7# -00 097 

Eifia fienma Me 1174 1249 -01 4 78 

Dnara m 1369 i*sr -00 AM 

Graerai Una Me 161 8 1720e -0.1 23* 

DoAcam 263 4 2803c riK 254 

GA-ftFuawMe M2 M0 *oiia 

DoAaam 683 680 +04 IX 

Income 2210 2354# -00*08 

“w 3*5 1 3870# -04 436 

694 603 +03 041 



Equities mark time 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began June 30 . Dealings end next Friday. gContango day July 14. Settlement day July 21 
§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 


- ( &M- 

© Tuna NeaiMpenliariKd 


Claims required for 
+44 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 


I — T ~w~* 

W i 5 s« 



Hlgn tow Company 

IK llB RemcAaauiHu 
J§- 'S'* go* gnu °t can 
3SO an Ro* Bra Of Scot 
MV 5 V SSmm 
55 33 SmnSiUHn 
KM Uig guno ChH, 
aiB Si 3 Un«n 

«a'* *K F *s° 

3» SSO Wntrwa 


*r W 

Prow Chgt pence % PJE 


H«jli Low Company 

tin VB 

ftn Ch fle pence % PJE 

112 7i 
54 26 

163 74 

670 356 
80 33 
ill 63’. 
425 Ml 
01 <0 
174 1ZI 
221 158 

2 If IT 

315 207'- 

305 an 

23'.- 10v 
80 40 

225 ITS 
125 83 
tO. £98 
239 171 
260 IBB 
315 tee 
19’. 17'/ 
371 W3 
102 . K) 
110 98 

118 96 

150 25 

97 Bl 
06 72 


Cent Sfaiwnary 
Cow m Hi) 
Capeon (FJ 

Courtney Pope 
Conan De Grad 
Oeu NcnoBon 
Crown hew 

fSF 0 **'* 




Daves « Met -A* 
Daws & Newman 

Os La Rue 

Demand Snrnpmg 
Dntoe Had 

Dooson Park 

Domnon In* 


Ovsan U5J) 


313 240 Eastern Prod 
221 13B E flora 
277 21« ElS 
42'. 29' Etoef 
153 UC‘. Eleco 
2BV 17 v Etoctroka (AE) V 
» K BUB IB) 

20v i0v Ennart 
381 269 Engbsn Ctww CBy 
20v 19'/ Ericsson (LM) 'S' 
164 13« Ersfcme House 
177'. 130'. Euopun Femes 
140 1 12 Do 5\> Prt 
342 158 Evcred 

133 111 EmxM 

220 127 Eipaaiet M 
415 315 Extti 

55 29 Falcon 

42 25 Faeoex none M 
143 IDS Fernet (35 
75 60 File momer 

628 40a Flsans 
61 35 FinwBom 

134 84 FUuaa CAW 

89 31 V Fotyni 

123 ioa Fogany 
41V 27V FtSSs Group N/V 
199 157 Fotmag* 0 Harvey 
67 5i Frencn iThomas) 
131 04 OBH 

385 256 GKN 
310 260 Gfl 
118 60 Garun Eng 
147 too Geewtner 
ISO ill (Sieves 
T tv 756’/ GUxO 

344 194 G/ynted 
505 325 Gorwfl Ken 
238 107 Grampwn HUgs 
312 206 Granada 
H>'. 6'. Gnnetwi 
93 58'/ Haoe Precision 

232 134 ha* Eng 
162 126 HaL (Mj 
265 180 HBtt 
280 230 Helma 

39 2SV Hampson Ind 

40 29 Hanmax 

191 141 Henson 

ISO 145 Do 8% Cnv 
116 96 Do5v*Pf 
124 '.1 16'. Do 10% 

190 133 Hargreaves 
225 175 Hams (Prawn 
623 43l Hawker SxXMiey 
ISO 92 Hswiey 
140 Bl Hay (Norman) 

221 140 Hepwom Ceramic 

201 98 wsisr 

96 65 Hawm U) 

HigrtgaH 8 JOO 

101 68 HBr Uoyti 

285 148 Hotteiionx 
120 Bl HoutdBa 
15'/ 11V Hudson Bay 
310 23* Human Assoc 
115 OB Honono Group 
265 207'/ Hutoisn Whampoa 
190 119 Ml 
315 21 1 hum 
295 265 Jackson* Bourne 
123'.- 96V Jorona Mam 
615 *73 Jomatfin GUanara 
916 133 Johnson tasenay 
44’, 22', Johnson 0 FB 
330 235 Jonnsloo 
140 66 Jones 0 Shipman 
132 67 Joumn (DaxsesJ 
20 2s Katamazoo 
38 25 Kelon 

325 t88 Kauey bid 
130 105 kernWy Smaht 
298 230 Kershaw (A) 

178 123 naah€-ZB 

LDH 35', 

Lap 256 

LAW 29 S 

Lawttx 75 

LaeM IBM) 70 

Ldecara 23 

LWraTOll 113 

Lxiraml 80 

i, says a 

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DO Ufa II® 

7 Lon 8 Nthn 68', 

Lon (ml 210 

Longron Md 218 

Low 8 Boner 473 

MLHdga 338 

ms hr 114 

**y Dm 47'j 

Maeannys Promt 385 

Mactetane 153 

aiaoeam (P0W) 73 

McKedwe 260 

Magnoka _ 120 

Mancnerter Stvp BE® 

Manganese Bronze 74 

Memng 80 

Mantel (LoMey) 130 

Mnnhsai UMV 72 

Martonae 616 

Meal Box 780 

79 52 

06 66 

138 65 

85 65 

663 360 
80S 525 
184 128 
91 65 

7B 1 , 61 
125 TO 
198 163 
318 212 

139 95 
*2 20 ’ 

216 158 
41 28 

152 92 

130 66 

65 43 

2B6 186 
258 203 
448 347 
3*5 223 
9*0 525 
600 383 
27 11 

135 88 
674 332 
14 775 
483 311 
96 51 

365 195 
323 215 
314 238 
16* 95 

131 56 

215 97 

ISO 119 
130 123 
589 421 
228 115 
138 99 
900 BOS 
245 118 
3*1 200 

10 '.6*9 
173 132 
91 57 

102 86 
518 3 45 
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58 19 

152 95 

3*3 151 
55 30 

150 128 
W 8 122 
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130 96 

tMchefl Com 65 

uncheu Samara 125 

Mote 173 

Motgan CruoUa 310 

Moss (Robert) 134 

’ Neepsand 34 

Nad(J) 133 

Newman intis 36 

Newman Tonte 152 

Nod* 8 Lend 113 

Notion 50 

Karoos 286 

owee see MMi £38 

Parbar Knoa A' 438 

Mi Place 333 

Patron JT *49 

Pearson too 

Peek 21 

Potrtms 123 

PegNr-HatHrsiay 625 

BanBano bid CIO 

P nom Mo Ei2'/ 

Wangm 431 

nasac Constr 85 

Portal* 335 

Poner cnadoom aoo 

Powea Duftryn 306 

Prauvnch HMge 133 

Prwhaia Sara 726'/ 

RFO 201 

RHP 16G 

FLrtam Metal 128 

Ranh Org 514 

Ransomo Sans 202 

naidths tDI BntiM 120 
Racket 0 CoUnan 009 

Redteam Glass 215 

Reed E/acutwe 341 

Reed w Eiov 

FWyon 171 

Renew 71 

Rasnar 92 

Reutera 5i8 

Rexmore 31'/ 

R«wdo Eng 149 

fhcnora (Lace) 80 

moiaidson wen 38'.- 

Robertson Ras 113 

Hoonscn (Thomas) 3*3 

Rocfcwara *6 

Ropner i3B 

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Wagon Ind 
Waterford Gtass 

HighLow Company 

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196 70 Tuple, 

31 a 55 fl, * Ma * 0, 

125 75 Ungraip 
17’. 13’. U liver 
77\ 56'. Unievar (NV) 

296 212 Valor 

540 293 VCkera 

130 102 Vent Prefects 

195 123 umen 

204 ’/137 Wkswagan 

196 116 WSL^ 

165 t2B wane Raoenaa 
225 136 Wagon bid 

144 69 Waterford GMh 
198 161 waonams 
375 2 M Wedgwood 
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231 ISO W eS co me 
42 i 4 v WBb mau 
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295 210 wnatman Ram 
124 82 Whessoe 
263 177 WMOCroft 
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740 395 Wfeam* Httn 
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596 426 W O Wf ly 
84 se WDM i Annul 
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Sorwmr Wr 'sorr 
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Barr A WA 'A' 140 

Boohw A Hawke* 1SS 
B>enr Warner 155 

Cancan 46 

Cnrysebs 188 

First Leaura 383 

GRA 61 V 

Henburgev Brook* 68 
Horizon Travel 119 

bn Leoue 121 

jam's hm» 42 

Lae inn 171 

MadRIteMr 150 

Pwsuama 305 

Ready useful 383 

FUqi Utuue 53 

Saga Hobdays 166 

SamuaMOt & 2*5 

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i Zanara 170 

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10 /638 Ang Am 
57’. 3* Am Gold 
50 33 AA1T 

40 23 Angioraa I 

41 23 DO 'A 

196 120 Ayer won 
*25 250 B^voora 
160 B2 Bracken 

21 '■ 11V BuHM* 

356.236 CRA 
89 43 Cerr Boyd 

534 419 Coro Gobttahfs 
531 314 Da Bam 
200 IDS DaMmal 
9'/ 4N Ooomtotran 
13V 7V Onekmtain 
7'/ 3'- Duran 


19B 129 BOro 

195 85 Bsoug 

390 220 ERandGokt 
4V 2'. E Rand Prop 
9 «v FS Coma 
213 98 FS Dev 
75 20 Geevor Tin 
8V *■» GaflM 
TO 6 Gen MrtWg 
10V 6 GFSA 
478 313 GM KMgoorl 
83 33 Gomvi 
102 70 Gwnwlcti Res 
375 183 Gnxxvta 
158 91 Hampton Areas 
ST» 4V Harmony 
350 IBS Hemes 
61 47'/ Journos 

12V 5'. rOnttw* 

6V 3K Klool 
160 65 LASte 

13'/ 6V uoanon 
410 170 Iran 
157 82 MIM 
28 15 Mdeynm MHng 

123 ea mnovato 
23 14V Mews Exp 

26 A Mhangira 
9 5V MdOfl was 
655 520 Mmurco 
5 - 2'/ New m> 

W 75 W Btokan H0 
44 25V Ndl KMeurh 

280 205 Nortngm 
22V ii OandoFreo 
128 SO PIK« Tm 
289 207 PWO VUfetnl 
25 11 RShd Mines Ud 
4*5 200 Rand Uns Prop 
89 16 Ram H onwn 

296 225 RensOT 
791 511 RT2 
7V 4V Ruswntang 
ID’. 6V SL Helena 
168 70 SA Lend 
31 14V Soutnvaai 

556 300 Stftxmwi 
138 60 Guqw Ben 

138 75 Tronon 
569 300 Unttil 
SB‘ 33V vut Reels 
644 238 VnrUmoosl 
105 56 IflaktaoMm 
SO *5 vogais 
17 10V Wat** Cotery 

5*5 288 weaaxn 
310 12S Weaeni Areas 
29V 15’/ western Deep 

196 116 western umg 

265 123 West Rand Cons 
1*0 62 Wwn Creek 

17V 7v vumefei 
56 25 MM Higsl 

16'. ii Zemtxa Copper 
50 33 Zandpen 


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500 354 
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349 289 
243 200 
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Samhural 79 

SaoAe Gordon (J) 81 

Scapa 501 

Scott Greenham 141 
Scot Hantaom 170 
Scott 9 Robertson 150 
Serarcor 129 

OB A T1| 

Soeunty Swr 106 

SwwrEng 47 

Siwon 120 


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SKF B 131V 

Smart a Nephew i2i 

SnHh WMworth 40 

Smarts bid 30i 

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Stalls Pouenes IX 

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Sunaaru Rraworhs i*i 
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Stsrekry £05 

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SsxkfiiB 246 

StaneM 00 ' 

SMWtnt TS6 

Srafegm Senr 224 

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Si Paede ‘A 99’. 
Sycamore 38 

Sttom 180 

V 565 

TOT 127 

TSL Thermal 120 

Tace 500 

TaUnOwm £69 

TMre* 6v 

Tabn 85 

Tax Mdgs 125 

Third MM 110 

Thprjj«n T-Un* ?18 

Tonfcns (FH) 308 

Tratdgar House 296 

Tfaracpmbienui 233 

Transport 183 

Tramwod ift'. 

AE 242 

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BbreM Gres 
Branau (CD) 30* 

S Aarospaca 508 

Br Car Auckora 138 

BL 55 

Cahyns 243 

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Daws (bodfrey) JOB 

Dowry 223 

EHF 115 

FR Group 319 

ForO Motor 179 

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GtantieM LawiWlOB 95 
Group Lotus 133 

KsrtvHlS 102 

Honda Mow «4 

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Aeons Bios 273 

Beau (John) 137 

Beaman (A) 103 

Br Mora* 133 

Bidmer 8 Lumb 39 

Corah 76 

Ooumuws 30* 

Crowmer (J) 160 

Omracn 258 

Decron 53 

Don Bun 170 

Dura Me 40 

Foster (John) 81 

Qukel BrttdWi ’O’ 
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Ingram (Harou) 196 
Jerome ® 71 

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• Ex Svidend a Ex 3t b Forecast dmdBnd a interim 


























- m 





Associated Furniture Hold- 
ings: Mr Arnold Edward has 
been named chairman. 

Debenham, Tewson & 
Chinnocks: Mr Peter J 
Braithwaite, Mr Peter W HiU 
and Mr Marie D Strnckett 
have become partners. 

Prudential Portfolio Man- 
agers: Mr Michael Geary and 
Mr Phal Brooks have been 
made assistant directors with 
responsibility for the day-to- 
day running of Pro venture. 

Morgan Grenfell Laurie: 
Mr Andrew Hart, Mr Peter 
Robinson, Mr Mark Gurney 
and Mr Guy Boyer have been 
named associate directors. 

Century Factors: Mr Sandy 
MacGtU has become sales 

Union Carbide Corpora- 
tion: Mr Murdock M Rand 
has been elected corporate 
vice-president for purchasing. 

CAP Group: Mr P P C 
Gregory, Mr J A R Chisholm 
and Mr W H Fryer have 
joined the main board, Mr 
Gregory as finance director. 

US Tobacco International: 
Mr Peter Parsons has been 

promoted to managing direc- 
, the Middle 

tor for Europe; 

East and Scandinavia, suc- 
ceeding Mr Joe Taddeo. Mr 
John Walter has been promot- 
ed to regional director for 
Britain, Scandinavia and 

Jardine Thompson Gra- 
ham: Mr David Corben is the 
new chairman, succeeding Mr 


Mr PPC Gregory 
Ben Lyon, who will remain a 
non-executive director. Mr 
Corben will remain chief 

The Victoria Wine Compa- 
ny: Mr Graham Maguire has 

been made operations director 
and Mr Roger Scott services 

Booker: Mr Lowell Hoskins 
and Mr Edward C Robinson 
have become executive 

Vesiric Mr Rees Thomas 
has been made operations 
director, with Mr Frank Mor- 
phy as administration and 
services director and Mr 
Christopher Rawstron as pur- 
chase director. 

United Friendly Insurance: 
Mr JR Rampe has been 
appointed chairman in succes- 
sion to Mr PJ Williams. Mr 
RE Balding has been named 
managing director, with Dr 
GPR Mack as financial 



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Alton inn 17 

Air Ca* 230 

Anpma 120 

AMi 265 

Andsr 118 

AKfetra 1*8 

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Da Wrrn 22S 

Aspen Cairns 355 

Aipnai ?44 

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ASO 213 

BPP 200 

STS Grp 74 

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Cannon Spool Mr 129 
Central TV 345 

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Oiettea Man J3S 

Own Memods 7 

cnethre W 205 

Otv 14 

CkCBOmM ?8 

carke Hooper J53 

Ooytorni Preps 266 

- Id fioM 17 

CM Hogs 38 

M Sartmdsi 86 

Coxa Emerald 60 

Cotorgsn Me 95 

Conp Financial 168 

Compsoft 35 

Comutares 102 

Cons Tern hum S3 

Cong Uonnie 3 10 

3A *3 119 
28 I A 174 

« 5-1 

• -2 

54 56 9.1 
36 24192 
179 5 2 135 
3.1 32 137 



30 424 .. 
52 24 214 
e .. 2t 
15 14 114 
33 22 214 
107 40 134 

54 64100 

• +5 


Cmoi Lodge 
Crown mo 
D8E Teen 

DJSsc Alarms 



Bran (Antke) 

118 • 

112 • 
100 • 



178 «+2 

105 -3 

80 -3 


64 +1 



14 308 

1 1 1.1 104 

7.1 134 354 

5.7 >4 16.1 

37 34134 

25 21 174 
7.4 14 294 

21 31 180 

74 84 9.7 
24 24211 
64 33 1*2 
14 1.1 140 

.. 314 

1.7 14 154 

21 24 84 
14 14 115 

44 24 224 
36 54 154 









Dewif Wjntn 



















EaHm Bert Opftcs 














Edn Sees 





Bdndg* Prp" A 





Boctran House 





Bbchekk: Dam P 


• -Z 


29 84 too 
20 22130 
54 44 33 


33 28 

15 0 

215 183 
220 138 
248 151 
90 56 

42 18 

1» 12S 
60 31 

178 100 

80 a 
68 86 
220 145 


Mas (ft*» 
noyd (W 
Fond 5 western 
French Conn 

I 9 







1 A 154 44 
67 31 114 

38 15 255 

19 62224 
1.7 84 21 


74 *1 110 


Wgh Low Company 

dm YU 

Wee Cogs pence % P/E 

97 66 

615 420 
ia 94 
47 40 

80 72 

165 100 
17 14 

60 32 

IBS 85 
122 08 
120 T03 

91 GO 

124 120 
38 19 

IIS 93 
180 180 
78 38 

92 86 
a 36 

no 133 
255 196 
40 26 






+3 32 

+2 31 






6 ID 

+2 *8 


IV, Vi 

28 207 
64 1*2 
26 454 
50 314 
7.4 105 
25 176 
44 103 
*6 11.1 
44 132 

88 30 
19 529 

385 293' 



28 119 
*8 120 
33 234 
21 249 
20 163 

415 2,5 
205 70 

20 9 
S3 9, 

733 105 
685 412 
,58 115 
198 MS 
190 134 
335 200 
u 3 
188 115 
255 188 
230 165 
3i 16 
115 44 
103 68 
3S3 215 
9 3'r 

130 15 

33 25 

165 85 

330 233 
,78 116 
62 22 
28 2 
148 105 
118 73 

70 4fl 
330 253 

90 67 
271 220 

03 55 
113 67V 

113 87 
60 37 

125 70 

43 32 
118 ,00 

91 82 

140 85 

196 133 
82 2* 

245 180 
160 101 
125 55 

64 54 

176 92 

35 18 

tie ,oi 

118 93 

370 200 
220 145 
97 75 

19 9 
75 26 

148 140 
390 350 
138 95 

9V 4 
99 71 

95 98 

7 GO 360 
220 118 
47 22 
163 82 
315 231 
428 288 
193 185 
220 130 

47 15 
158 108 
118 82 
158 ISO 

48 25 

23V 15V 
115 70 

127 125 
387 237 

31 13 
5 2 




6.1 ZA 164 



Md Scot Energy 

ke ere urape Teen 

Do 79, 

^ , cSS“ 4 

JS PaitKtogy 
Jaoons vert 



293 180 
35*. 23 

PratfeM 92 

FiMv Sm«i 'A 615 

GnCaco 1*6 

Gooffteen 40 

Gabon Lyons 78 

□OCX* Uew 140 

Grtwt House ’J 


GOdwn Warren 125 

GooOwad Prod 113 

Gould (Latrencei 128 

Grenyte Surface 65 

assn [Emesil 123 

Gmerottcn Caola 32 

Groovenor So 100 

Guernsey AOantc ,80 

H&Gect 73 

Hanoden Hm necara 74 
Honoris 39 

Herray 6 morrp IBS 

Hmafcxk Europe 225 

Health Care •» 

I l o gin ir on 430 

DO A' LV 380 

Ksnderaon Pane 
Hoh-Pceit 255 

Holland Pert 74 

Hobson 20 +4V 

Hodgson 93 .. |4 34,55 

Hokfe Hy n omen lie • .. 8.0 5 1 ,54 

Hoknes Marofura 685 +5 6.7 ID 423 

Homos Protection 125 •.. 

Home lirooan) 195 • . . 50b 2 3 12-0 

Do A 175 • .. 500 29 10.7 

Howard Group 335 +8 60 13 203 

Honored Ose >0 0.4 4 0 100 

Hunur Saprar 183 • ■ - 36 2.4 20 0 

TeCh 240 -5 XI 09 2SO 

195 • 32 13 10.7 

22 10 1X8 28 

91 .... 109 


220 73 18 10.7 

4 22 


20V 0.7 25 233 

160 -5 10 T.9 24 3 

325 • *15 13 10 30.1 

188 +13 73 4.7 1*6 

82 +2 04 0.6 310 

7 .... 02 

Johnaen C Jorg 143 54 4 1 163 

John s m ss Pants 113 6 1 54 1X5 

JusiHutW 65 -1 X5 35 105 

KLP 315 • .. 47 15 17 0 

Kant (John) 80 +1 23 ia 17 3 

Kenyon Sees 22S . . 133 0 1 14 1 

Kaw*l Systems 74 •.. 1.7 X3 113 

Mark-Tain* 85 1 4b 1.8 155 

IPA ma 90 39 43 8.9 

LBKftw SB 4.0 &a 72 

Laoiaw Thomson 103 54 52 124 

lecue Mo 42 209 

Lawmar 115 3J 33 144 

Lodge Ca* 82 ..29 35 17.1 

Lon A Clydeside 125 • .. 8.0 64 113 

Lot*! Elea 191 a-4 16 if 118 

Lysender pm 26 

MMT Coma 230 • . . 68 29 193 

inm 3 Her 133 .. 100 7 3 73 

70 *0 5.7 74 

64 877 

163 4.7 29 2X0 


Cm 115 XI 27 259 

Meytiews Foods ill Vi 10 159 

Meadow Farm 230 «+5 54 23107 

uefta Ted 161 53 33 133 

Meeerwere 07 +6 *3 *4 228 

Memory Conp IS 232 . . 25 

Memcon MS Hogs 30 10 167 29 

Me m rar a —ei 140 38 16 157 

Marrydown WMe 355 78 22 168 

MBteTajaem „5 61 53,62 


94 li 17 ,38 

78 • . 1.7 22 21.7 

745 29 04 787 

150 5.7 38 115 

a -1 18 *0 197 

151 • .. S7 33273 

375 .. 35 1.0 77 3 

428 • .. 43 19 155 

,88 •.. 38 19 218 

195 7.4 38103 

18 .. 

138 +2 20 1 4 256 

118 «+6 39 34 145 

3 +V * “13 

78 • . . 35 *5 64 

127 .*3 3 4 119 

315 88 27 172 

14 24 17.1 X7 

England nope 18 67 

E80 • .. 0 125 . . 

130 ' +2 43 33 169 

80 1.7 21 67 

113 +3 X4 30 119 

24 48 

35 29 68 52 

278 «-7 43 15 252 

35V •-’- 21 59 10, 

Menas, (John) 
Mtrdfc — 

Hewme feme 
M dwarf Brawn 
Mae World 

Moor naM Gp 
Monks 5 Dana 

Moms t 
Moss Aowurg 
NMW Conp 
New Cl Nm Res 
Do Wmts 

Do . 


Wi Saa 6 Gan 
Owned tnsoec 
Oaoama 6 UHa 
Owners Abroad 

md Low Campeny 

dnr YkS 
Price Ch' go panea % 


143 85 
255 158 
19 56 

1+8 130 
525 206 
16 10 
53 30 

175 143 
152 80 

148 63 


Pacar Byname 
Pmrbe Seas 


*6 X5 152 



5,5 -5 


200 ,45 
27 18 

34 a>: 

116 26 
67 31 

98 86 
33 25 

170 115 
S3 ,15 
245 ,60 
158 83 

143 125 
5V 2 
S'- 2 
308 158 

a is 
a 33 

123 BS 
40 ,4 

105 86 

SB 40 
42 19 

183 70 

80 63 

188 145 

Panoyt gdee 
Pape Group 
Portans (J) 
Pafers (IBdael) 





Pic, ' 

PMoaapH Dance 


19 -1 

3T'i +'i 

81 r-3 


42 68 65 
53 37 132 
*0 08 .. 
.. S .. 79 

. . . . 73 

26 1J 19.0 
47 12 ,49 
33b 25 61.0 
1.7 61 68 
37 23 197 

POywcJi Mjrvw 

Prfoerty T«C IdP 
Do 8p 








Redo dry 'A- 
Rida CirfB 

RxmcD Ol 

Re* Time Conor* 

Rate 5 Note. 













» .. 



29 87 154 

.. 35 

. . . . 160 
38 X7 ,58 
IA 5.0 15 
*0 25 113 
14 13 317 

54 11 24.7 
26 29 121 
44 34 169 

62 24 177 
..a.. 61 
45 ,15110 
38 14 179 

19 63 19 

75 53 15.1 
29 84 152 
.. .205 

a, oi .. 

29 49 79 

68 49,15 

139 116 
126 73 

48 20 

122 104 

178 138 
1,2 73 
195 ,20 
(06 71 
26 7 

3.5 171 

350 253'. 
. 78 88'. 

S5V 23', 
220 156 
Itn 50 
173 128 
220 138 

205 131 

IBB 171 
131 86 

41 35 

148 113 
31 12 

104 102 

123 90 

63 48 

38 20 

99 87 

71 70 

220 85 

70 22 

53 71 

38'. 17 V 
53 58 

125 HO 
230 175 
235 150 
200 110 
134 117 
114 106 

1.6 52 
148 103 
310 ,94 

206 180 

188 120 
114 70 

545 3GO 

75 63 

38 47 

146 114 
SO 32 
180 136 
400 770 


Sengers Phot? 



260 140 
73 43 
510 420 
135 93 

94 91 

100 80 
106 78 

108 73 

19 14 

so 88 
98 43 
175 150 
8V 4V 
27V 16V 
,15 88 
90 48 

96 76 
4 4 

158 ,18 
S3 33 
85 37 

55 25 

87V 80V 
27 18 



Seal He raeM e 170 


Sisra Drug Sirs 345 

Sheldon Janes 75 

9»ra»on See 53 V 

Sierwswd Conn 205 

Sgam S3 

Sene Catering iei 

Seidar (W4ara) 210 

Saws Food 173 

SmUDone 171 

Snowdon Bndge 116 

Soo**nt*i^ 36 

SO* Bus 135 

SW Resources ,3 

Specs Pttnrwig 102 

Soeta* Tale 120 

Scacn AMO 55 

Soedrum 22 

sacs 90 

Splash 70 

StanteB MeM 188 

Sanelco 2069 

Swung Pub 92 

Surtwgh Elec 35V 

Sulhartana (ET1 68 

Swindon Pr Heap 1,5 

Synapse comp ix 

T llSWM 235 

IDS Cram* ,75 

TMO Adwri 124 

Task Frye* 114 

Tar Homed 115 

Teen For Bus 120 

Teen Con« 305 

TetoconpuUng 160 

Tel Sen Mi uo 

Therms. 106 

Therm Sowrmhc 520 

Ttarpee 73 


Towngrade See 40 

Trade Premohon 152 

Trencruawood 300 


Tyne Teat 'A' 

Utd Caranuc 
UU FnamPy 
Uid Packaging 
Usher (Ftartq 
Wayne nen 

Webber Btoctra 

21 14 209 

11 10 31.1 
.. ..29 

44 15 1X7 
5.7 34 123 

24 23 189 
*3 25 144 
39 44 119 





54 17 389 

29 05 3X4 

X6 89 X7 

1.1 21 194 

*3 21 24.7 
03 13 59 

X7 15 19.1 
75 38 13 1 
40 22 129 

5.1 10 15.0 

39 34 1X8 
17 4 7 ,0.7 

29 29 74 
.. .. 14 

• -3 

• +2 








Wb si Yor»shr« 88 

Whfwonn * Foods 55 
Wlckai 158 


Mdgs 20 




WW ol 


York Mown 
York 8 Eouty 

Zygel DynaiMs 








23 24 179 

26 XS X7 
.. a .. 24 

*0 44 1X6 
*7 6.7 1,4 
X0 33 2X9 

29b 12 205 
.. .. 740 

*3 7.1 215 

.. .. 3X3 

2.1 13 213 

*3 14 25.1 
25 1.7 75 

24 15 225 

25 22164 
84 X7 173 

7.7 54 129 

*3b 14 41.1 
21 13 153 

24 2.1 450 

14 14 .. 

71 14 235 

29n *0 127 
4 ID X2 7.7 
44 12 24 6 
16 44 313 

5.8 17 185 

74 19 1X2 

16 20 173 

1X3 74 85 
54 74 123 
2*8 44 . 
*9 S3 47 
64 70 114 

14 2 2 1.1 

21 25 93 
33 XI ,32 
04 24 144 

67 65 11 9 
29a 53 109 

25 14 192 

15 UiB.i 
25 23W5 

1.1 1.7 



. _ 0 

33 135 

23 15219 
25 34 304 



.. 32 

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S. P. Broughton 



GaukJs of Glasgow 

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Offered exclusively by the authorised Rolls-Royce and Bentley dealers of Great Britain. 


European Law Report 

Euro-Parliament budget is unlawful 

Council of the European Com- Following a fi ° ai 
nwnities, supported by Ger- alion meeting wiih a dderauon 

miny, hramod tie United "f-J'JgfffiySS * 

v European 

Case 34/86 

Before Lord Mackenzie Stuart. 
President and Judges T. 
Koopmans, U. Everting. 

each year. It followed that once 

the President of the Parliament 
had made the dedwuon re- 
ferred to in article 203(7). the 
budget ranked among weacis 

been completed for want of an 
agreement between the two 
institutions concerned on the 
figures to be adopted for the new 
maximum rate of increase. That 

act was therefore vitiated by 

supplementary increase m rvLt mg leg; 
of 196 million ECU (17.02 per parnes. 

ing legal Coisequences to be drawn 


cent) in respect of commitment 
appropriations and 242 muhon 

The other 
forwaid by 

submission put 
the Parliament 

Although it was incumbent on 
the Court to ensure, that tbe 

Baumann. R. Joliet. G- Borcq, g!?SS3WSpi=« mau.uUon. -kich.ngfckp.S. 

O. Due. Y. GalmoL C. N. 
Kakouris. T. F. O'Higgins. F. 
Schockweiler. J. C. da Carvalho 
Moitinbo da Almeida and G. C, 
Rodriguez Iglesias 
Advocate General G. F. 

(Opinion given June 2. 1986) 
(Judgment given July 31 

In the absence of an agree- 
ment between the Council and 
the Parliament concerning a 
maximum rate of increase in the 
budget of the European 
Communities for 1986, the 
President of the Parliament 
could not lawfully declare that 
the budget had been finally 
adopted and the budget purport- 
edly adopted by that declaration 
was therefore invalid, 
y .» f»al Background 

The procedure for the adop- 
tion of the general budget of the 
European Communities was 
governed by article 203 of the 
EEC Treaty. Paragraph 9 of that 
article provided, in the case of 
what was known as non-com- 
pulsory expenditure (NCE), that 
a maximum rate of increase in 
relation to the expenditure of 
the same type to be incurred 
during the current year was to be 
fixed annually by the Commis- 
sion on the basis of three 
objective factors. 

However, such NCE might 
exceed that which resulted from 
the application of the maximum 
rate calculated by the Commis- 
sion in two cases, namely: 

1 If the increase in NCE 
resulting from the draft budget 
established by tbe Council was 
over half the maximum rate 
declared by the Commission, 
the Parliament might further 
increase the total amount of that 
expenditure to a Emit not 
exceeding half the maximum 

2 If the activities of the 
Community required that tbe 
maximum rate should be ex- 
ceeded. another rate might be 
fixed by agreement between tbe 
Council and the Parliament 

of payment appropriations: that 
proposal was made subject to 
acceptance by the Parliament. 

The outcome oF the 
Parliament's deliberations of 12 
December 1985. w ign addi- 
tion^ increase in NCE of 402 
million ECU (19.5 per cent) in 
respect of commitment 
appropriations and 563. million 
ECU (29.7 percent) in respect of 
payment appropriations. 
Following the votes or the 
Pari lament, the President of the 
Council made it known that the 
Council’s compromise proposal 
was accordingly withdrawn. 

On December 18, 1985 the 
President of the Parliament 
declared, pursuant to article 
203(7) of the Treaty, that the 
budgetary procedure for the 
financial year 1986 was com- 
peted and that the general 

application were also rejected. 

It was possible to make three 
findings of feet in regard to the 
way in which die provisi ons o n 
the maximum rate of increase 
had been applied: 

1 The Commission, the Council 

and the Parliament had all 
concurred in tbe view that tbe 
maximum rate of increase as 
fixed by the Commission was 
not adequate to enable the 
Community to function prop- 
erly during the financial year 
1986. , „ 

2 The Council and the Par- 
liament had been unable to 
agree on a new maximum rate of 
increase although the positions 
which those two institutions 
finally adopted were quite close 
to each other. 

3 The appropriations adopted • 

pletea ana mat uk j me awinvu 

budget had been finally adopted- by the Parliament at the second 
He then officially informed the reading and ratified by the 
Council of the final adoption of 

the budget by a letter dated 
December 19, 1985. 

Subsequent Events 

Following the act of the 
President of the European Par- 
liament of December 18. 1985, a 
series of actions for annulment 
was brought against the general 
budget for 1986 and/or against 
the declaration of the final 
adoption of that budget. Those 


budget as adopted on December 
1 8. 1 985 by the President of the 
Pari iament had accepted by 
implication the figures on the 
maximum rate established by 
the Council 

The finding under 2 was 
disputed by the Council which 
argued that, in exceeding the 

budgetary authority kept within 
the limits of their powers, it 
might not intervene -in the 
process of negotiation between 
the Council and the Parliament 
which was to result, with die 
regard for those limits, in the 
establishment of the genera] 
budget of the Communities. 

It was therefore; necessary to ' 
reject the Council's principal 
claim for a partial annulment of 
the budget, the effect of which 
would be to bring into force the 
version of that document result- 
ing from the proposals made by 
the Council to the Parliament 
on November 29, 1985. . 

It had next to be remarked 
that the irregularity attaching to 
the act of the President of the 
Parliament of December 18, 
1985 was to be traced to the. feet 
that the two institutions had not 
reached agreement , on the fig- 
ures concerning the new maxi- 
mum rate of increase.- - . - 

Looking back on. the situation 
as it presented itself at the time 
of the second reading of the 
budget by the Parliament, the 
Court was left with the im- 
pression that the .respective 
positions adopted by . the two 
institutions could hardly have 

increases proposed at the second ' constituted a serious obstacle to 
reading by the Council,, the the possibility of arriving at an 

Parliament had accepted by 

actions were brought by Luxem- implication tbe figures on tbe 
iethertands, France, maximum rale established by 

bourg, the Nethe 
the Federal Republic of Ger- 
many, the United Kingdom and 
the Council. 

The United Kingdom also 
applied to the Court for an 
interim order, pending lfinal 
judgment in its main action, 
that member states should make 
payments in respect of VAT 
own resources for the 1986 
budget limited to such amounts 
as resulted from the Council's 
second reading of the budget on 
November 26 and 27, 1985. 

By order of March 17. 1986, 
the Presk 

The 1986 Budget Procedure 

In April 1985 the Commis- 
sion informed the Council that 
the maximum-rate of increase in 
respect of NCE for the 1986 
budget was 7.1 per cent in 
relation to expenditure of the 
same type in the 1985 budget 

On July 31, 1985 it submitted 
to the Council the preliminary 
draft budget for 1986, indicating 
that the draft was based on two 
events the effects of which 
would begin to be felt as from 
January 1. 1986. namely the 
new own resources at the maxi- 
mum VAT call-in rate of 1.4 per 
cent and the enlargement of the 
Community to include Spain 
and Portugal. 

At its meeting on September 
17 and 18, 1985 the Council 
established a draft budget which 
provided for an increase of 578 
million ECU (7.05 per cent) in 
respect of commitment 
appropriations and 430 million 
ECU (7.04 per cent), in respect 
of payment appropriations. 

In its first rrading of the draft 
budget on November 14. 1985, 
the Parliament made a series of 
amendments to it which to- 
gether provided for increases in 
NCE of 1,764 million ECU in 
respect of commitment 
appropriations and 1,784 mil- 
lion ECU in respect of payment 

At the Council's second read- 
ing of the budget on November 
26 and 27, 1985, it was decided 
to increase NCE by 1,199 mil- 
lion ECU in respect of commit- 
ment appropriations and 1,251 
million ECU in respect of 
payment appropriations. On 
that occasion, the Council en- 
tered supplementary appropri- 
ations. in respect of the 
enlargement of the Community, 
in tbe draft budget established at 
the first reading. 

Following that unconditional 
proposal the Council, by a letter 
of November 29, proposed to 
the Parliament that new maxi- 
mum rates of increase should be 
fixed at 14.6 per cent in respect 
of commitment appropriations 
and 20.5 per cent in respect of 
payment appropriations. 

iident of the Court, by 
way of an interim decision 
ordered, inter alia, as follows: 

"The Commission shall im- 
plement. until July 10. 1986 or 
until the date on which the 
Court delivers its judgment in 
Case 34/86, Council v European 
Parliament . whichever date 
shall be the earlier, tbe budget 
for the financial year 1986. as 
regards both payment appropri- 
ations and commitment 
appropriations, on the basis of 
the draft budget established by 
the Council at its second reading 
on November 27, 1985, subject 
to those amendments decided 
by the Parliament on December 
12, 1985 which do not have the 
effect of increasing non-com- 
pulsory expenditure . . .**. 

[n the present case, which had 
been brought pursuant to article 
173 of tbe EEC Treaty the 
Council applied for partial 
annulment of the budget in so 
far as, following the delibera- 
tions of the Parliament on 
December 12, 1985, certain 
appropriations had been in- 
creased in breach of the Treaty. 

In the alternative it sought the 
annulment of the budget as a 
whole and. as a consequence, 
the annulment of the act of the 
President of the Parliament 
declaring the final adoption of 
the budget and in the latter case 
it requested the Court to state 
which of the effects of the budget 
were to be considered as 

In its judgment the Court of 
Justice of the European 
Communities held as follows: 

The Parliament denied in the 
first place that the Council 
might rely on article 173 of tbe 
EEC Treaty for the purposes of 
seeking the annulment of the 
budget as an act of tbe European 

It had to be pointed out that 
the Court had already held in its 
judgment in Case 294/83, Parti 
Ecologists "Lcs Verts” v Euro- 
pean Parliament which were 
intended to have legal effects 
vis-a-vis third parties. 

The general budget of the 
Communities was the in- 
strument which set out forecasts 
of, and authorized in advance, 
the revenue and expenditure for 

the Council 

It had to be stated in that 
respect that although the Treaty 
provided that the maximum 
rate was to be fixed by the 
Commission on tbe basis of 
objective factors, no criterion 
had been laid down for the 
modification of that rate. 

According to the fifth sub- 
paragraph of article 203(9). it. 
was sufficient that the Council 
and the Parliament came to an 

In view of the importance of 
such an agreement which con- 
ferred on the two institutions, 
acting in concert the freedom to 
increase the appropriation in 
respect of the NCE in excess of 
the rate declared by the 
Commission, that agreement 
might not be inferred on the 
basis of the presumed intention 
of one or other of those 

The finding under 3 above 
was disputed by the Parliament 
which maintained that NCE for 
the financial year 1986 relating 
to the enlargement and the 
of the “< 


‘cost of the 

past” had no equivalent in the 
fin an 

inancial year 1985. That expen- 
diture could not therefore be 
covered 1^ the procedure laid 
down by article 203(9). 

That argument could not be 

The expression "expenditure 
of the same type” in article 
203(9) could wily refer- to the 
expenditure mentioned later in 
the same sentence, namely 
NCE It followed that the Treaty 


Hie Court did not have to 
consider the extent to which the' 
Council's or tbe Parliament's 
attitude during the negotiations 
on the budget bad prevented 
them from arriving at an agree- 

It had to confine itself to 
holding that since that essential 
agieement was lacking,^ the 
President of the Parliament 
could not lawfully declare that 
the budget" had' been 'finally- 
adopted. Thai -declaration had 
therefore to be annulled thus 
depriving the 1986 budget of its 

It was for the Council and the 
Parliament to take the measures 
necessary to comply with this 
judgment and to resume the 
budgetary- procedure at the 
point at which the Parliament, 
at its second reading, had in- 
creased its appropriations in 
respect of NCE beyond the 
maximum rate of increase fixed 
by the Commission and without 
having to come to an agreement 
with the Council on the figure 
for a new rate. 

The declaration that the 1986 
budget was illegal came ata time 
wben a substantial part of the 
financial year 1986 had already 

In those circumstances, the 
need to guarantee the continuity 
of the European public service 
and also important reasons for 
legal certainty, which were to be 
compared with those which 
applied in the case of the 
annulment - of Certain ' regula- 
tions. justified the Court in 
exercising the power expressly 
conferred upon it by the second 

did not recognize the existence .paragraph of article 174 of the 

of NCE whose increase fell 
outside the scope of the maxi- 
mum rate of increase. 

In its defence the Parliament 
further charged the Council with 
having acted illegally in submit- 
ting an incomplete draft budget, 
particularly in as much as ft did 
not include the appropriations 
necessary in order to cover the 
enlargement and the absorption 
of the "cost of the past” 

Whatever the impact of that 
argument might be on the 
exceeding of the maximum rate 
of increase by the amendments 
adopted by the Parliament, it 
was sufficient to state on that 
point that the determination of 
the exigencies posed, for the 
budget, of the Communities, by 
special situations such as the 
accession of new member states 
or the absorption of the “cost of 
the past” was not a matter for 
the Court but for the Council 
and the Parliament acting in 

It had therefore to be held that 
the act of the President of the 
Parliament of December 18, 
1985 whereby he declared the 
budget for 1986 finally adopted, 
occurred at a lime when the 
budgetary procedure had not yet 

EEC Treaty. 

In the particular circum- 
stances of this case it had to be 
held that the annulment of the 
act of the president of the 
Parliament might not call in 
question the validity of the 
payment made and the commit- 
ments entered into in im- 
plementation of the 1986 budget 
up to the daw of this judgment 

On those grounds, the Euro- 
pean Court; 

1 Declared void the act of the 
President of the European Par- 
liament of December 18, 1985 
whereby he declared that the 
budget tor. 1986 had been finely 

2 Declared that tbe annulment 
of the aforesaid act of the 
President of the European Par- 
liament might not call in ques- 
tion the validity of the payments 
made and the commitments 
entered into in implementation 
of the budget for 1986 as 
published in the Official Jour- 
nal. before the date of delivery 
of this judgment 

3 Dismissed the remainder of 
the application. 

4 Ordered the parties, including 
the interveners, to bear their 
own costs. 

Interpretation according to wishes of parties 

Anterist v Credit Lyonnais 
Case 22/85 

Before Judge U. Everting (Presi- 
dent of the Fifth Chamber) and 
judges R. Joliet O. Due, Y. 
Galmot and C. N. Kakouris 
Advocate General M. Darmon 
(Opinion delivered February 4. 

[Judgment delivered June 24] 
The third paragraph of article 
17 of the Brussels Convention 
was to be interpreted in such a 
way as to give effect to the 
dearly expressed wishes of the 
parties to an agreement confer- 
ring jurisdiction on the courts of 
contracting state. 

The respondent, a French 
bank, was a creditor of the 
undertaking Anterist & 
Schneider, whose registered of- 
fice was in France. 

The appellant had acted, with 
others, as guarantor of the firm's 
Liabilities vis-3-vis tbe bank. 
On May 16. 1967 in Forbach. 
France he had signal a guar- 
antee form used by the bank 
which included the following 

“The court within whose 
jurisdiction [the relevant branch 
of the bankj is situated shall 
have exclusive jurisdiction to 
adjudicate upon all matters 
concerninng the performance of 
this agreemcnL irrespective of 
who is the defendanL” 

Asa result of the firm’s failure 
pay its debt on the due date, 
the bank brought an action 
against the guarantors before the 
Landgericht (Regional Court). 
Saarbnicken. Germany. 

Mr Anterist challenged the 
jurisdiction of that court on the 
ground that the agreement 
conferring jurisdiction, con- 
tained in the guarantee contract, 
provided that the court at 
Sarreguemines. France, was to 
have exclusive jurisdiction. 

The Landgericht accepted 

that argument However, on an 
appeal by the bank, the 
Oberiandesgerichi (Higher Re- 
gional Court), held that the 
clause was to be regarded as 
having been concluded for the 
benefit of Credit Lyonnais 
alone, within the meaning of the 
third paragraph of article 17 of 
the Brussels Convention on 
jurisdiction and the enforce- 
ment of judgments in civil and 
commercial matters. 

It therefore referred the case 
back to the LandesgcrichL How- 
ever Mr Anterist appealed to the 
Bundcscerichrshor (Federal 
Court or Justice) which referred 
the matter to the Court of 
Justice of the European 
Communities for a preliminary 

diction on the court or courts 
mentioned in the clause, while 

the third paragraph preserved 

jurisdiction than the other, were 
to be regarded as clauses whose 

the right of the party for whose 

In us judgment the European 
if Justice h * ‘ 

Court of Justice held as follows: 

Article 1 7 of the Convention 
enabled the parties to choose, by 
agreement, the court or courts of 
a contracting $me which were to 
have jurisdiction to settle any 
disputes between them. 

The first paragraph of that 
article conferred exclusive juris- 

the clause had been 
included to bring proceedings 
before any other court which 
had jurisdiction by virtue of the 

Since article 17 of the 
Convention embodied the prin- 
ciple of the panics' freedom of 
choice, the third paragraph was 
to be interpreted in such a way 
as to give effect to the joint 
intention of the parties on the 
conclusion of the contract. 

That joint intention had 
therefore to appear dearly from 
the terms of the clause itself, 
from other indications in the 
contract viewed as a whole or 
from the circumstances i n which 
the contract was concluded. 

Clauses which indicated ex- 
pressly the party for whose 
benefit they had been con- 
cluded. and clauses which, while 
specifying the courts before 
which each party might bring 
proceedings against the other, 
gave one party a wider choice of 

terms showed that they had 
he benefit 

been concluded for the , 
of only one of the parties. 

The designation of the court 
of a contracting state in which 
one of the parties was domiciled 
did not suffice in itself, given the 
multiplidty of reasons which 
might have led to the adoption 
of such a clause, to lead to the 
conclusion that the joint inten- 
tion of the parties was to confer 
an advantage upon that party. 

On those grounds, die Euro- 
pean Court (Fifth Chamber), 

. An agreement conferring 
jurisdiction was not to be re- 
garded as having been con- 
cluded for the benefit of only 
one of the parties, within the 
meanjng of the third paragraph 
or article 1 7 of the Convention, 
when « was established only 
that the parties had agreed that 
jurisdiction was to be conferred 
upon the court or courts of the 
contracting state in which that 
pany was domiciled. 

Law Report July 4 1986 

Defendant need not explain 

W v Booth by 
Justins acted improperly in 
permitting the prosecution to 

cross-examine a defendant as to 

why. after being cautioned, be 
had declined to answer ques- 
tions put by police officers 
investigating the offence: the 
whole purpose of the caution 
was for the defendant to con- 
sider whether he desired to give 

an explanation or whether he 
preferred to remain silent, and 
he had. after caution, the right to 

, The Queen's Bench Di- 
visional Court (Lord Justice 
Watkins and Mr Justice Otton) 
so held on June 23 when ft 
allowed the appeal of the defen- 
dant. W. aged 16. and quashed 
his conviction by Consett Jus- 
tices on May 29. 1985, of 
burglary, contrary to section 
9(1 1(b) of the Theft Act 1968. 
and sentence of 28 days' deten- 

.said that where a defendant gave 
evidence that was in direct 

contrast to. that given by 
prosecution witnesses he could 
not be said to be attacking thfe, 
character of those witnesses. 

Acc ordingly, the justices un- 
reasonably exercised their dis- 
cretion to allow cross- 
exam motion of the defendant as 
10 bis previous record when be* 
bqpn an attack of the police 
°n«y after he had been'- - 
asked by the prosecution why fie 
had not oflered an explanation * 
when cautioned and had chosen 

to remain silenL - 

F l \ * . 





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«wu fa writing phase include 


PARTUBJr. If you have any 

quenes or probtems ndnine 10 
your ad ueammem once it has 
awmed. pi,** contact our 
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by icfcpbonc on m-481 4100. 


PLMW HZLP Tlw Nalhmsl Be- 
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bhe antintu. £60 boys, a ma- 
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London EC2M irvH 

thors « you have wnuen .a 
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Wnto In. Dep(:TMl I 9 THE 
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pwtrty needs hem. Phone 
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PKK MSPSDtftKS In Scotland. 
MW.JWV Mid Aua Send sae 
loVW|. 9 p Jlk EruISl. Crxl ord 
the worfctnti wan's lunch. See 
HmUuram 1 section. 



CfUJKb Ciwuu or Nonnen 
and Or Nefl married 4U> July. 
1936 at Si Andrew's. Ham 
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ail Uieir family 


Jubr- ^>936. M Si. John's 
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BREAKAWAY. London's club for 
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2 3-43. Over 200 events month- 
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CALIBRE CVS lu professional 
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Ddaav oi «3i 3388. 

FIRST WORLD WAR diary avail 
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SWl 7300933 

Flounnev animate, etc., warn 
H. Ol 883 0004. 




London s leading specialist In 
new and restored pianos lor the 
largest genuine selection avail- 
able 30. Hiflttgate R4, NWS. 
01 -267 7*71 Free catalogue. 
and reconditioned Quality ai 
reasonable prices. 320 Brighton 
Rd . S.Creyden. Oi-OSa 3613 
Yfnonfan piano £1200. TefcOl 
436 2029. dayumc. 


of chair*, large mirror*, book- 
cases. desk* & burcaus.oi-ses 
0148 228 2716 day night. 

WIMBLEDON we guarantee to 
pay u>o prices for centre court 
seals. Phone Robin Richardson 
on Ol 836 2630. 

bledon. Top prices. Phone us 
last. 821 6616-828 0495 

bougm Too prices paid, we coi 
led. COD 01 701 8283. 

wanied Centres. No 1*9. Best 
prices paid 01 839 5233. 

MASONIC REGALIA and oh other 
rrlaird Hems required Ol 229 

WIMBLEDON - lop prices for Oen 
ire Court seats. Ring 01 836 

plus deoenlurasJUM dynde 
bourne Besl prices 01 22S 0837 - 

ED Centre court or No 1 Any l 
day at 439 0300. 

We collect Ol 980 6336. Mor 
gan Tickets. EUham 

WIMBLEDON an tickets warned, 
not tor resale Best prices Mid 
Ol 930 4636 



Best seats bought sold. 01-778 
9573 anytime 

WHAM, QUEER. Wimbledon.. an 
theatres and AD Sold Out evente 

- Ring 01 701 8283. 

BfWRII moil and all Pop events. 
Tickets bought and Sold. 

01 930-0277 or Ol 9300698. 
for all days, also wanted. 01 
223 4360 

WIMBLEDON tickets for sale & 
wanted - Best prices paid 
ObUUMMcs Ltd. Ol 839-1888. 
WIMBI ED Oil Four standing nek 
eis for. Womens Final. Offers. 
0896 445089 After 6 pm 


for sale 01-948 1316- 

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+ VAT WMi rm Barba carpets 
4m node Hessian backed £4.35 
per aq yd + VAT Wttflo stocks 

141 Waadswofth BfMr Hd. 
Panoas Gran. SW. 
TekOl-731 3368/9 
Fire esijmateS'Espen fining. 



Tbgether we can beat it 

Wt fund owrone third of 
ail research into the preven- 
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Help us by sendinga dona- 
tion or make a legacy^ a j 

ally new "Princess 412,2*. 
Immaculately kepi by resident 
owner since delivery in Sept 
7986. Manufacturers Warran- 
ty Latest Volvo engines and 
. specification. 50 hows oar. Top 
duality eaibpmant A extras- 
Owner taking deliv ery of new 
sail boai hence £76000 exclud- 
ing VAT TH: Uui Dover [0690 
682320 OT (0836) 242974 

dleseL 28 metre motor yacht. 
FuUy equipped and In good con- 
dition. bulll in 1973. £260.000. 
Lying in Obraltar. Contact Pat- 
rick Francis. Tel. cuxainr. 


20Ui July Excel lent Pedigree. 
£86. Slewkley 1062624 1 7ia 

16013 OoM 6 Crome, 18 mths 
obr good cond New £i. 668. 
£900 ono. Ashsurad 76368 



W2 Quern* C ar dan Lux 2 bed 
iul All amenities. £350pw 
from 18 July Tel: Ol -794 8660 

Cancer 1 
Research ] 

1 2 Carhr'nHdiiw- Terrier. I 

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How near, 
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Bnum-v indmr 

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mea The bfW n r»" , l0n 

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S? wniraijneatlng- waging 

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CHELSEA, Sunny 6 «"«"*« 


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Hole Near you ««■ 

Please Bjn9 

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■ATT-RWDCC SWl t Praf 2ft 
puli M I . nwit a r«nM. sharp 
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monlh Inc. Tel 01 
437 7B22 idjyi. 350 1317 
irvcs and w m d*i 

FWINEY Prof F. igr room, vnr fa 
ciiilie*. W Morn. CH Nr lube. 
6 momhs only, caopw ewl + 
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N b w vharti 3 ned mod del 
house and all factuim. dose to 
town mure * b.R Ideal lor 
commuier* only 33 mint uv- 
"rap* bl C.C3S gw + share 
DUN Tfl Bjy lime Marion Jones 
on 01 927 odoo. 



For low com nights 
. Tel 01-930 2656 

35 Whitehall, SWl 

ABTA 3483X 

USA fr £116 Single. £210 rm. 
High Season Fares, makt trav- 
el. 01 486 9E37. IATA 


Ben* Travel. Tel 01 385 6414. 

cheap means world wide. 
Nay mar kef 01-930 1306. 


UT.C. Open Sal 0753 867035. 




Modem development just off Kensington High 
Street. 2 bedroom furnished apartment super 
kitchen, large garage. Available Immediately. 
£250 per week. 






Stump gaifen malsonenB refill- 
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Utfie Vomm Office: 
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a w 't if 


n -< , i mfttr? 

01-244 7353 

SPAIN. Portugal, cn panes farm. 
Biggies. Ol 736 8191. ATOL- 

SMNTZERLAHO Scheduled fbgnts 
01-794 9388 ABTA ATOL 

CCFALU, SICILY £128 7 nights 
nail-board, fully inci. daytime 
Calwict nighte. local transfers 
A Airport lanes. No extras. De- 
partures 4 A 11 July. Abo 
SANT* ALESStO. nr. Taormina. 
Sicily £248 h b 7 nights fully 
bid- depart uros every Tues- 
222 7848 ABTA, ATOL 1907 
o w £395 nn £700. Auckland 
o w £420 rtn £786. Jo 'burg 

0 w £306 nn £500 Los Ange- 
les o w £192 nn £383. London 
FI Mill Centre 01-670 6332. 

New York £269. LA £329. To- 
ronto £269. JtHJTg £495. 
Nairobi £375. Sydney £689. 
Auckland £749. Dartalr 130 
Jrnrnrn Street. 01 839 7144 
S CALL For some of the be* deals 
on fits, villa*, apis. Mis and car - 
hire Tel London Ol 636 EOOO. 
Manchester 061 832 2000. Atr 
T ravel Advisory Bureau. 

LATIN AMERICA, Low cost . 
flights e.g. Rio £485. Lima 
£495 rtn. Ate o Small Croup 
Holiday Jaunxyajea Peru 
from £3501 JLA 01-747-3108 
pean destmanom. Vamandrr 

01 402 4262 0052 ABTA 
61004 ATOL 1960 

worldwide cheapest (are* 
Richmond Travel. 1 Duke Si 
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TUNISIA. Perfect beaches for 
your summer hobdxy. Call for 
our brochure new. Tunisian 
Trav el Bureau. 01-373 44 1 1. 



Parts W8 M YORK £275 
Frank** E60 ItkJSF |Jl3 
Lagos £320 Mom £296 
025 SngKXOT 

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hung Kong £510 CUcmta B*25 

Ptebxa caB 

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01-439 ZWN43 7 M37 


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unde nuum 




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B '5 newf too lae to pa* *tth 
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■RMWOSC HILL Beaulllul 2 dW 
bed flat, dose lo Re^mls Park A 
conven lo cily -Wrsi End. Bal- 
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kll and bain, newly furnished, 
mr linen, gas CH. all lacil pro- 
vided Musi be seen. ItoS pw. 
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Thames and Hampton Court. 2 
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snaps. A 1*1 Fir well equuwed 2 
dWe bedroom flaL lounge. 

* Kllchen.baUinn. off street park- 
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SBft An exceptionally pretty 
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with marble fireplace. Din Rnv 
Study. 3 DbJr Bad*. Dressing 
Rm. 2 Baths. Utility. Shared 
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lovely, eiviremefy eiegam 2 nd 

fir fit. Ideal lor entertaining. Su- 
perb rood 2 Beds. 2 Peeps. 2 
Bains. l<se of Cons. £60Opw. 
Ayltsford A Co 351 2383. 


Superbly furmshrd 3 bed 2 ball, 
Maisonette. Reception, scperaie 
dining room available immedi- 
airty. Long company let only. 
£S50pw.TH: 01 957 8320 

BAKER ST, Wl. guwL spacious, 
airy, lurnolud. 5 dbl. bed flat, 
lounge, dining room, hall, 
kitchen hath Avan now. £375 
pw. 0932 53846. 

F.WJU19 i Management Ser. 
vicesi Ltd require properties in 
central south and west London 
areas for waiUns anpUcante-Ol 
221 8838. 

ning newly com* architect 
designed mabonefie. Stripped 
wood floon- 3 Beds. Bath ett- 
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£300uw. Co/Vte. Around 
Town 229 9966. 

ST JOHNS MKMO 600 yite Ameri- 
can School. Unftm 3 Beds with 
bulll in wvdrobee. 2 BMM witn 
Shwrs. doakrm. Kll 22**14' aU 
hop's. BreuufteubBT- a inwrcom 
Receps 3fTxlS-. Parking. 
£340pw. m 499 9981 lEvCSI 
870 4703. 

lux Hals ’ houses: £200 -£lOOQ 
p.w. Usual lee* req. PhHIIpe 
Kay A Lewis. South of the Park. 
Cheisea office. 01-362 Blit or 
North of the Park. Regent"* 
Park office. 01-586 9882. 
furnished flaL 3 DWe Bedims. 
Spacious Drawing.- DhUng 
Room. WL Bath. 2xwc. Tete- 
pfMxne. T.v.. CH/ HW all 
included. LKL Porter. £200pw. 
Tet lOLt 741 3617. 

rulure supplied for short or long 
lets- Large docks. UninedMi* 
■Misery. CPU Mr Michael 
Norbuiy. John Saand Con 
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SW7 Lux 2 Bed Flat with en suite 
balhrm * sep Shower Rra. 
Recnt. fully ruled kllchen. ac- 
cess lo garden In quirt square S 
IWN walk Ck» Rd Tube. £328 
pw. Tel: 01-937-9439 
currently seeking good quaUly 
rental accommodauon In 
central London for waiting 
company tenants 01-937 9681. 
wet Superior rials 1 A 2 Beds. 

Easy Parking- Magnlftcteni 
Views Over Georgian Square. 
£120 in £160 pw. 01-278-6802 
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AMERICAN Bank urgently re- 
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Burgees CstaTe Agnus fifll 5136 
AVAILABLE NOW Luxury [tain A 
houses. Chelsea. Kmghtsbftdg*. 
Betqraua- £ 200 -£ 2 . 000 pw. 
Tel. Burgess 681 5136. 
CHELSEA. Lovely IUL Large 
recep. dW bedroom, kllchen. 
bathroom, paiio. CH. £180 pw 
the. TeL Ol 351 3670. 
DOCKLANDS- Houses and flats 
throughout the docklands area 
lo let Docklands Property Cen- 
tre. 01-488 4862. 

FULHAM. Newly modernised 
ground froor flat wfUi Ipe «r 
den. 2 double beds. Nr. tubes,. 
£180 pw Tet: Oi 385 1049. 


Churning. etegmtH hw tanily 
house. MtuaiBd «mi Bttoiwa 
err eel, slang's into* SThue 
S am. nanspon JfR shopWI 
Ige OfiwMW on. thong, jiutty. 
rSo Wl. 3 Ah befc. a sqb beds. 
2 bun. Umiiy w. Pf*ny 

Bbtwi/lnn. OM pa *09 l 
C helsea Officec 
01*589 5211 

Fahalwk hcauilfuMy fumohrd 3i 
Mrtwtdi ftai n preflif? btorfc 
■rah nnrirtKmubil puapp- 
(Vrapreuv: law *<tbli* 
imytian. 2 1 alb (1 eaftUt-1 
Aiwtwb buken. AvaflaWe bow. 

01-486 8926 

HOLIDAY FLATS Super S C flats 
al Kens. SWS. Studios from 
£195. i Bed Irani £235 It 3 
Beds Irom £376. Uil House- 
keeper. CH. 01-589 4555. 

PARSONS GREEN room"* avail 
ante in nouse Newly 
decorated, filled 2 mins lube 
Pnone preferably between 60 
pm 01-584 6816 OT 366 8652 

PUTNEY convert transport, sun- 
ny' a soanous l dbl bed s r 
furnished flal Inge. bain. kit. 
c h. own pnone £ 12 Spw. me l 
bills Tet. Ol 789 2154. 

QUEENSGATE. Luxurtoro flal 3 
bedrooms. 2 bathrooms, filled 
kllchen. Camel and curtains. 
Porterage and UIL £595 pw 
Tel: 01 493 4894 235 2828. 


avail A read, (or diplomats, 
rxecuilves. Long A short lets In 
all areas Llptrlend A Co. 48. 
Albemarle 51 Wl 01-499 5334. 

sums COTTAGE, do you have 
exrcileni usie? Want spacious, 
well filled 3 bed. lux apot.. qui- 
et. central, good tor transport? 
Tor £200 pw. Tet. OI 431 1263 

Oar dens. 2 Ideal 1 A 2 bed llat* 
Close Station £13C&£125pw. 
Pnorv: Ol 940 4555. 

Bed house conv M.LS A M25. 
1 year £700 pern. Tel: 06805 
3230 vTL 

MMBUDON rutty (imwml 2 
bedroom flat In prestige block 
wtuun easy reach of all ameni- 
ties. £125 p.w. Tel: 01 946 

fully furnished naL £300nw 
LaiKton It PtiM Ol 930 0853 

HAMPSTEAD' Li* Bright 2 
bedim Rat. 20' Inge, k din. aU 
appliances. Co. LeL Ol 486 


most luxurious long short lei 
apis, iwk lyr I 8 bedrooms. 
W.T. P. Ol 935 9512. 
Ftai. Garage At Parking Adja- 
cent Thames. £760 pern No 
Agents. Co Let. 01 223-3347 
RAYNES PARK Attractive Ed- 
wardian 3 bed bouse with gdn. 
Easy access City. All facMtfes 
£l50pw. TeLOl 543 5901 
93796*1 The number id remem- 
ber when seeking besl renal 
properties m central and prime 
London areas £150/C2.000pw. 
TWO SUPERB unfumtshed luxu- 
ry luos lor Company lets in 
SW4. Rem £50 per week. Ap- 
ply Ol 402 8366. 

WANTED TO LET: 3 bdrm 
hse apt- N. London. Contact. 
Holden. 71 Benllse Dr. WUt- 
lamstown MA. 01267. USA. 

A BARGAIN! 1 bed £66trw TV- 
ptione. gdn. many others 627 
26io Homrtocaiers no 9pm 
BILLS PABU Dole bcdML own 
kllchen. phone. £30pw others. 
627 2610 Hometocaurs 
CMSWCk Lux Flat In Pr H*e. 
Fum. Rec/Bed. Ktl/Bath. CH. 
1 Person. £75 pw Ot 994^165 

DBLE STUDIO Garage. TV. Gdn. 
blits paid. £50pw. others. 627 
2610 Hometocaiers 
EALING. Pteassni 1 bed rial 
Fully furnished Ctoo pw. Tel: 

01 579 0856 day. 
GREENWICH Luxury bedsit, own 

bain 4 miles London. £75 pw 
Inci Tel .01 *92 0961 
dbte bed. igr rec ■(■ brand new 
kit. £225 pw Inc. 01 938 2395. 
LOOKING tor (he best flaL du- 
plex. house in London? 
£100 lOOOpw Call SB9 5481. 
BURBLE ARCH ff Mews collage 

2 Able beds £350 pw lei 01 431 

M JOHNS WOOD 2 beds. Iv. stpi 
4 5. avail 10-31*1 Jut £200- 
£2£0 PW Tel: Ol 346 3611 
SW11 2 bed flat. Superb new 
conv 4 min Clapham Junction. 
Co Let. £120 p.w. 736 7264 
SW! l dbte bed fit. recent, phone, 
nr lube. C 80 pw Others - 627 
2610 Hometocaters 
Ultra MM! 2 beds, washer, 
phone. Mils paid. TV. £90pw. 
Others 627 2610 Home! dealers 
WALTON STREET, t bedroom 
flal. Short long lei £200 - 
£275 pw. Tot 01 681 5734. 
Contact Richard or MIcL. Davis 
WodfC A Co 402 7381 


(0621) 7*3709 

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01-581 B8ST / 01-584 8803 
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Tet 01-439 0972, 01-734 3339 


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01-836 1628/5705 


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Sunday 6 July in a beautiful It 
lolly equipped villa nr the 
beach. Ex Caiwtck Run Pan 
World Holiday* Ol 734 2562 
GREECE. L'ruooUl bland*, cheap 
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pom Overlooking famous 7|h 
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Suddenly avail 10/24 July. 
Sim 6/8 Please phone daytime 
Ol 839 1-161: evenings w'ends 
Ol 398 0088. 

ALGARVE -JULY Availability to 
- 24 Jly. superb house In own 
small estate. Pom letuils court. 
Pfne wood*, under had hr from 
coast, sip* 8. to. 
i? -31 Jly- secluded family 
house, lovely view* m roast, 
pom. ige gdn*. sh* 4 6. Corftot 
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Holiday* of dWInchon lor the 
very few Til. 01-491 0802. 73 
Si. James'* Street- SWl. 

ALGARVE. Vittalara deluxe vtoas 
A apis. All anwtilile* Inc red. a 
Perth, put. beach. Avail June- 
0*1. Ol 409 2838. VlltaWortd. 

ALGARVE. Lux vUtas with poote. 
Avail Aug OCL Ol 409 2B38. 


i V." 

ltL 01-225 2681 

By Lindsey Bartham 

“it's the food that makes 
this new restaurant an 
risit. The food is so 
complex, rich, tasty and 
delicious that it is Quite 
unlike any other Thai 
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London. This is Thai 
find at its most regal' it 
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but really is quite 
outstanding. " 

By Lloyd GraaBBBD 

''A fine example of 
upmarket ethnicity. I 
look forward to a return 




What do Puccini, Feroni 
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Yotx can find them all at 
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Theexddngnewresniyanc where the 
Spaghetti Opera Company perform 
bvdy Italian Opera every night 
Come along to ParcQ's__The Pasta . 
is perfe« .TheCorr^anyls CapOvaung! 

Open Mon-FrtdapQJO-2. Mon-Sjc6-fU0 
Spaghetti Opera 7J0 1L 

116 K nigh abridge. London SWl. Teh 01-584 9777. 

9 course me rue £6.35 

169 arthur road, wimbledon park, londdn, *wl9, 
teb 01-946 6518 . mmmm 

Qj very fran^aim S 



p p p 


COBTA DO. SOL (20 mins Puerto 
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beach. 2 twin becTrms. 2 (nun 
en stole. Pauo gdn. V pools, res- 
taurant. Htper'mkt. Award 
winning dev . maid service. Fr 
£2 OOpw Owner Ol 586 
4889. BBS 2321 

CSTEPONA Costa Del Sol. ahrar 
bvr rial sleep* 4. pool, lennte. 
available Aug 8. £100p w. Tet 
Ol 348 2548. 

lor 8. wiiii lennte cl. avail. Aug 
L335 p p 2 wlu Inc. Ill A 2 car*. 
Palmer & Parker Ol 493 5725. 

MA BBEU .A Lux villas wfUi 
pool*. Avail June to Oct. oi 409 
283 8. VlltaWortd. 



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Serving authentic Greek food 
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Tel 387 0704 



* Mexican Restaurant * 
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J Food in London, J 
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* Open dafly far hadi and tfimer * 


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SECRETARIES for Architects & 
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6 July 1986 horn 10 am -5 pm 


7 July 1986 from 10am - 5 pm 




























Motoring by Clifford Webb 

Noisy solution to ‘runaway’ Volvos 

Over the past four years a 
great deal of time and money 
has been spent to try to solve 
the mystery of the so-called 
“runaway” Volvo 340 auto- 
matic cars. 

It has been investigated by 
experts from the Department 
of Transport the Motor In- 
dustry Research Association, 
the Swedish company’s spe- 
cialists and several indepen- 
dent consultants retained by 
Volvo owners who claimed 
their cars “just took off for no 
apparent reason," 

Two months ago came the 
first breakthrough when 
Volvo announced that it was 
recalling all 33,340 automatics 
sold in Britain since 1978 for 
urgent modifications to the 
gear selector mechanism. 

\rnti..n cairi - “This fnl 

was that the transmission 
control mechanism is heavy to 
operate, produces noisy pro- 
tests unless the engine 
tickover is low, and is general- 
ly rather dated judged by the 
standards of today's slick and 
noiseless systems. The Volvo 
is also imprecise in action. 

I found it was possible to 
lodge foe lever In neutral 
between positions. However it 

why so many Volvo owners 
claimed their cars shot 

After modification I found 
that selection was only mar- 
ginally more positive. This is 
no longer a problem, however, 
because as soon as the lever is 
moved for any reason an 
alarming buzzer sounds so 
stridently that you hurriedly 
seek the refuge of foe nearest 

ment given to the Department 
of Transport as a condition of 
foe officially supervised recall. 
But dealers have been told 
they can still disconnect the 
buzzer at foe specific request 
of foe owners. 


Daimler Benz West Germa- 
ny, better known in foe UK as 
Mercedes, is generally 


Maserati Biturbo 

knowledged to be the Eu rope- 
leader in advanced' 

Volvo said; “This follows 
joint research with foe D of T 
into the transmission control 
mechanism. It is possible fora 
driver to inadvertently misuse 
foe gear control. This could 
result in the car being in the 
reverse mode even when the 
selector lever is near the park 

Volvo dealers were autho- 
rized to replace the control 
system free of charge with a 
September target for comple- 
tion of all 33,000 cars. It was 
claimed that foe improve- 
ments to foe selector mecha- 
nism make it more difficult to 
place rhe lever fractionally out 
of position. If however, a 
driver still manages to get it 
wrong a flashing red light and 
piercing buzzer will give an 
immediate warning. 

In view of the immense 
interest shown by readers in 
this particular recall I ar- 
ranged to borrow an unmodi- 
fied 340 from Volvo's UK 
concessionaires at High Wyc- 
ombe. drive it for a few days 
and then have it modified. 

It is some years since I last 
drove a 340 equipped with foe 
company's unique belt and 
pulley continuously variable 
transmission which first saw 
the fight of day some 20 years 
ago in the Dutch Daf. That 
company was acquired by 
Volvo. The little Dafs succes- 
sor — the Volvo 340 — is still 
built in Holland. 

My immediate impression 

More details have come my 
way about the Maserati 
Biturbo model which a new 
British concessionaire compa- 
ny under the chairmanship of 
Marin Tozzi-Condivi plan to 
launch here around the time of 
the October Motor Show. 
They have been provided by 
Richard Styer, the former 
Lotus, BMW and Mitsubishi 
executive who is man agi n g 
director of Maserati (UK) with 
headquarters in, Kensington 
High Street, London. 

Styer was npset by my 
recent suggestion that the twin 
turbo-charged Maserati has 
taken four years to reach these 
shores and in the interim has 
become dated and expensive. 
He points out that the Biturbo 
coupe launched in Italy in 
1982 was a two litre only . A 
bigger 2.5 lifre was produced 
later for the LIS market. 

He says: “The UK vehicles 
are equipped with a considera- 

bly modified 2i engine which 
has undergone a tough and 
extensive development pro- 
gramme over the past four 
years. In August, 1984, the 
Biturbo 425 (2J engine) was 
launched on the Italian market 
and during 1985 the Drophead 
Spyder coupe was introduced. 
None of these cars which will 
form the basis of our entire 
model range hare ever been 
introduced in right-hand drive 

“New interiors, power steer- 
ing, automatic transmission, 
new engine development, new 
wheels and tyres together with 
water-cooled turbo chargers 
will be introduced in the UK.” 

If that is not enough to 
rekindle interest, he points out 
that Jaguar and BMW have 
maintain ed many of their ex- 
cellent design ami engineering 
features from the 1970s yet 
still sell extremely welL 

was so finely poised that a 
thump on foe floor adjoining 
the lever or brushing it with 
foe sleeve was sufficient to 
make it jump into reverse or 

In a car with a normal 
automatic transmission that 
would not of itself be danger- 
ous because foe car would 
immediately indicate that 
something was wrong by be- 
ginning to creep forwards or 
backwards leaving sufficient 
time for remedial action. If 
you are slow in doing this the 
resulting collision would be of 
the most minor kind because 
of the lack of speed. 

The 340 does not creep 
when in gear. Nothing hap- 
pens until you depress foe 
accelerator then it moves in- 

stantly. This, it seems to me, is 
selector position to stop foe 
racket There is also foe 
warning light, but you would 
have to be stone deaf to miss 
foal buzzer and even then I 
think you would feel the 

In my view Volvo has taken 
a sledgehammer to solve a 
problem which calls for a little 
more finesse. I would certainly 
not want to drive any car that 
made my hair stand on end 
every time 1 moved foe gear 
selector lever. 

Volvo tell me that a number 
of 340 owners want to have 
the buzzers disconnected in 
newly-modified cars. So why 
cany out foe modifications in 
the first place? 

It is apparently a commit- 

an lea 
automotive technology. The 
news from this week's 18- 
nation conference in London 
setting up a joint research 
programme called Eureka sug- 
gests that Europe's most prof- 
itable motor group intends to 
keep its lead well into foe 
second century of the car. But 
in achieving that aim it will 
inevitably cany the whole 
European motor industry 
along with it at the expense of 
foe ever-threatening Japanese. 

Since Professor Weiner 
Breitschwerdt, foe former 
head of research and develop- 
ment became chairman of 
Daimler Benz it has made 
major acquisitions in the field 
of aerospace and satellite tech- 
nology by buying Domier and 
AEG. It now has the in-house 
know-how and tools to press 
ahead with projects such as 
satellite-controlled naviga- 
tion, road condition early 
warning devices and comput- 
er controlled transmissions. 

Breitschwerdt has always 
frowned at the use some of his 
rivals are making of in-car 
mini-computers to give in- 
stant information on miles 
travelled, fuel consumed, av- 
erage speed, target speed and 
time to destination. The word 
is that he regards them as 
expensive toys. And where foe 
micro-chip has a part to play 
in improving foe mechanical 
performance and safety of his 
cars he has not held back. 

Austin Rover is one of 13 
European car makers taking 
part in the joint research effort 
initialed by Daimler Benz. It 
is all part of its strategy to 
move its cars up-market 
where profit maigins are big- 
ger— and nobody has done, 
that more successfully than 
foe Stuttgart giant 



Whatever make or model of car or commercial vehicle you require - Autotelex are able to disc0 ^ nt ’ 

Whatever finance rates arable'. We offer a personal syrnd to none. 

Call us now and we ll talk about yuut car. -Business users on* (StAJect to status). 


0772 59390 (HEAD OFFICE) 
091 467 1903/091 264 5676 
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AUDI 100 £8,380 MERCEDES 230EL.. £11,640 PORSCHE 924 .... — £13,650 

AUSTIN MG“METR3Z:;Z; £4,700 MERCEDES 190....: £9,290 RESULT 25.., "5MH 

BMW 325i £1 0,900 - NISSAN M1CRA ....... £3,700 SAAB 9001.-...-..-. 51*252 

FORD XR2..;.. £4,950 OPEL MANTA - £5,520 TOYOTA COROLLA 51*222 

MAZDA 323 £4^70 PEUGEOT 205 £3,650 VW GOLF £4,600 

VOLVO 340 £5,100 




BMW 3 series 
MERCEDES 300 SE. 230 E. 
OPEL Most models. 

RENAULT 5 GT turbo, Espaoa. 25 

AllSTM ROVER Mast mode*. 
SAAB 9000 Tuba 
V0LXSWMH Golf GTi, 3/5 dr 
VOLVO 740. 240. 34a 
PORSCHE To order. 


01-208 2099 



35.000 mis. Black. 

(A Rag). 35 

Safi Gray Leather. Bee 

windows 8 dnnsm. Air 
Core). Blaupunkt stereo. 

£15,000 0U 
021 558 8801 

■JUICE ROVES vouce I9W. 
auto, series n. Air ron. ite ra te 
windows, wrea. Babnorall 
wmi. company director* car. 
£12.950. Trt Hinckley 104561 
631666 office hours. Hinckley 
«045&( 652436 week 

ends . evenings. 



NOV 1984 528i 

4 speed autormc vnth n.fMO mtes. 
metHkc Bahama bwjf IIH *lh 
rteeme sunroof, aecinc rondows. 
cenni lucVra. mue al toy attests 
wnh TRX tyres S&inung at. 
swnmo pertomunc* o%M at 

wilt hear BMW warrtutf. 

Latoo (0582) 57G622 

MAY 19B6 

BMW 3201 

Attune wtiie. Wue mm and hood, 
powi sieennq. etedne wnacnes. 
tenud kx*np. <fty oteta. «»»- 
nal mdnaga. 

Lid £15.758 

For sate at £11950. 

Tet MdiKJ on 

Luton (0582) 576622. 

1986 C REG 


4 soaed aoo. special equomant 
r Prtans silver, specftalnn m- 
chicta ahoy wheels, eleeme 
everytlmq and as condAonuig. 
only 7.300 mtas. real luxury and 
outstanding rehaWny for 

■ £16.950. 

Teh Mictaael on 

Luton (0582) 576622. 


BMW 528i SE 

Chautteur Driver Ctrectct s Car. 
Aug 1933. A Rep. 37000 miles 
only. Cotour Bronze metallic - 
pale gold Tinted etoctnc 
windows/ suv oot. AUoy wturts. 
New Tyres CoranuiBised instm- 
meras. Pioneer Stereo. FSH. 

Moo Charles Temple 
01-245 1200 (olfice) 
01-283 5741 (imm) 

BMW S2Sa Oct 83. while with an- 
ihroclie lnl.. timed windows, 
btack gtasn rttc s'roof. hrtited 
door minors & washers, head- 
lamp w w. on-board computer, 
elec windows. C lockim. al- 
loys. ituad siereo cassette 
system, elec ariet. from & rear 
spoilers 1 1 .OOO mis Under 
Warranty till Oct 86 £13.000 
10433 > 266123 before &30 pm 

31 » 4 door. Immaculate. Henna 
red with black vinpes Reg May 
84 F f Sunshine roof, alloy 
wheels, new lyres, spoutgnt*. 
elec window*, rear spoiler. Cen- 
tral locking Pioneer radio 
tawlle 60.000 mh. £5.950 
Trl 021 368 0411 leses* 021 
368 2436 iwhdavsi 

BMW 3231 4 dr 5 sod. diver 
rnM chore grey trim. Das. abs. 
factory s r - lr wntfe. 85 C 
Reg cenl lock alloys, low 
prof lyres, mamnr radio ste- 
reo front spots, mini cond 
5.800 mb. £.12.71*5. Green 
Road Stwwiymi. Hams. Gos- 
port 107051 587746. 

3201 a Door. iSi Jan 85. 26.000 
Miles. Mel Silver Grey. Alloys. 
Manual Sunroof. 

Stereo 'Radio /Cm. detachable 
■owing bracket, rear spoiler, 
side stripes Eye Catcher. Taxed 
Jan 87 £8.760 OflO Tel. 031 : 
227- 5561 lot 051 542 6812 >ti! 

320i CABRIOLET 1984 iAu Al- 
pine while, power sleeting, 
elertnc windows, alloy wheels, 
radio cassette. 14.000 miles, 
tmmarulale condllMHi. Cl 1.750 
tmo Tel 1 02721 7550*2 office 
851480 evening weekends 

BMW 3231 A reg 1985 Red Elec- 
tric mirrors, s roof, alloys, 
central lurking, full service Ids- 
lory, immacludle car. must be 
seen C“ 3SO Ohio. Tel Oxford 
108651 251-161. 

BMW 5201 Aulonh-illc 1984. Me 
faille sill r-r I I .OOO miles. All 
usual cxir-xv I diplomat owner 
Cio.sno Trt Ol 255 2044 
rv 4 idayUntei or Ol 245 
6600 ihomei 

3231 While low Mileage Sun- 
roof Alloy Wheels. 

Slrteo 'Casvllr. Evrritenl Con 
dilKm C-sbSO . Weekdays Ol- 
A5U 7004 or EiesOl 289-1423 

BMW 63S 85 model Immaculate 
Ihrooghoul. Aulo Leather Inle- 
nor. air. exlra £12.995 Trt. 
Ol S&a 9004 alter 6 

3181 89 '■ a dr. red. aulo. man 
sun roof, radio cassette, average 
mileage ta.BOS Day Ol 903 

9471 Eves 421 2177. 

7281 AUTO 83 Mel Burg S R. 
Elec Windows Alloys, spoilers, 
stereo. C7 K». Tel 0621 
£91 19 off 0277 354583 Hm. 

5SM9E A teg. aulo. a relit blue, 1 
owner, lull service httlorv. im- 
nuinjlalr condition. £7.950 
oilo Trt 1078087: 424 

318 83 v EUue iS.coo miles, al 
kns yereo. 5 «*d- £4.595 
os no Das 01 903 947l. Ev« 
421 2177. 

318 V reg. 15.000 mft Very 
4000 (and. Cream wiih Brown 
Inl UunfoM Pioneer £4.750- 
Tel. Clare Ol -929 1501 off Mrs. 

120 I CABRIOLET Automatic, 
while wiiri blue lop. blue Interi- 
or. 1.500 miles only! 1986. 
elertnc windows. PAS. alloys, 
sierra In prwlne condition! 
£16.000 ono Tel. 01-876 2549 

32* MAT 86, 2000 mis. Dia- 
mond Mack. 2 dr. spoilers, tints, 
dec sToaf windows mirrors. 
BBS alloys, sports seals, spol- 
Hghls. rad cast. £13.500 ono. 
0329 663862. 

3IM 4 door Late 84 Mack »- roof- 
stereo. £7.360 Tel: 0737 
65730 < Surrey) 

AsaU for immed del lax free or 
L'K del. Tel: 01 493 4218 T. 
BMW 318 19*2. Beige. 40.000 

mis. S roof. Leaving country. 

943 2272. 

C5-200. Tel: Ot 
7321 Aula HI spec. 16.000 mis. 1 
onr. £12495. Full draier facts. 
Geoff Newiand Ol 302 7584 
528i SE Aulo 83 All extras air 
ron SHvrr. £7.8 50. Tel: 0621 
691 19 off. 0277 3&4S83 Hm. 
NEW BMW’S - All models to or- 
der. 320TS in slock. Large 
discounts. Tel 0227-793010 in 


WANTED BMW'S 1978-1986 for 
me best price. Trt: 01 302 4246 
or sellle for less. 




leather Trim. Electric 

Seats. Central Locking. 

1. Metallic 

Sports Seats. LSD. 

Crystal. 13.000 Mtes (just 

£24,500 ONO 
Son 01-449 4980 
Wkdays 01-888 4444 


1983 lAI 42.000 mis. FSH. 
POM. Gold mefalUc. Colour 
coded wheels. New tyres- 
£19.950 Tel: Stuart Green 
0266 53661 io)0&90 77128 *hi 

911 S 1974. ACtd blue. PHD. 
ESR. full service hwloty. new 
lyres, siereo. rcrenl chain len- 
sioners. Superb condition Musi 
he seen £8.000 ono. Tel Ol- 
636 0193. 

924 LUX AUTO 1982. 24 000 
miles. Sunroof Pioneer. Exert- 
ipni condJiion. POM. nisi 
sen Iced £8250 o.n.o. 
Tel: 0268 286098. 

1C Sun roof Pewter Berber. 
27.000 mb Service HBIory 
Cher No wiih car £19.950. 
Trt- 0706 345339 OTI 
BLaefi. 1981 FSH. Low mile- 
age Front A back spoilers. 
Forged MW «-hee* s. J-on g 
MOT Tax. Many extras. Excel- 
lent condition. £14 500 or PX 
Merc. 944. 924. Tel; Bourne- 
mouth 0202 769380. 
Porsche 944 lux aulo. mots 
wren mel with Beige berber 
.seating, wide lyres, com ran. 
rad siereo etc. only 33.000 
mb. FSH. El 1. 500 Alderiey 
Motor Co 0625 582980. 

911 CARRERA Coupe Sport. 
1985. 25.000 miles, lust 

serviced. new lyio. while wiih 
black leather, warranty, im- 
maculate. £25 000 Trt office 
hours 021 359 Bill (Tl. 

911 SC TARCA SO 1978 RHD. 
mark with sport spoilers. Com- 
prehensive service nbtorv inci 
engine rebuild and heal ex- 
changes. £10.500 Trt. 065886 
474 Ganl Speed mncsi 
85 B. Copenhagen Mue grey 
beige porvne ctoih. padm. elec- 
tric roof, alarm. 12.000 miles. 
£12.260 Trt 061 980 1085 
911 CARRERA SPORT Cabnofrt 
84 Ivory roach work with Blue 
■nl FSH. Immaculate cr-ndiuon. 
£24.500 Trt. 0296 748295. 
924 LUX AUTO 1932. 24.000 
mis S roof. Pione e r Exc rand 
nisi serviced. POM £7.950 
o n o Trt 0268 788098. 
PORSCHE 924 X reg. while. Lhd 
rvcellenl rood. New car Imres 

sale £B^2SO ono. Office Q148S 
9590 Home 01-747 

'47 1425. 

911 SC 1979. 63.000 mis Air 
eon £3.000 spent. FSH Exert- 
h-nl Cl 1.750 ono Trt: High 
Wycombe '04941 712161 
1980 911 SC, sunroof, radio sir 
red. 68.070 mU. FSH. 1 owner. 
ITU mac Ihrcughoul. £1 1 2SO 
0432 7938 7 or 0906 26786 iTt 
924 Tl/R8<7 1981 Guards Red. 
5 roof. R siereo. full MR. 
44.000 mh. £6.995 Tel 221 
5372 iTl 

CHEAP 944 A Reg.G red FSH 
Sunroof- Immaculate £12.690 
585 2023 734 9601 
924 LUX 1986 model, red. far 
ton- wsrraniy El 3.800 ono, 

Brarknrll 426669 rire. 

924 LUX A Reg. 16.000 mis Red 
Eu- - s rod. rad cass. alarm 
clr £10.750 084421 2097 
PORSCHE 944 Black metallic. 
Sun roof FSH V req. Cl 0,850 
Tel <090731 6328S 
928 S Aulo 1981 X reg Low 
mileage. FSH. Rosewood 
£16.000. TM. 04216 65066. 

928S SERBS R 1984 A. White. 
22.000 ml let. Full service histo- 
ry. Tap sound system Tele 
Harrogate i0d?3< 871913. 

£ 26.950 IT) 

911 SC Sport Tanga. 1978 model 
< reg Dec 77*. F5H. tints, new 
P7DO-1 £9.000. Tel: Cranbrook 

Z9S9 9119 Sifter 83.000 miles. 
«h. es r. 2 extra spares, fully 
original classic. £8.000. Trt: 
0272 870137 

•11 SPORTTARCA. 1979. Mack. 
Mack pinstripe, sports seal,, full 
HIM- £10.996. Trt 221 6372 T. 


CARRERA 1984. Trt 203 0071 


MCUAR 42 COUPE 1976 Red. 
imnuculaic condition, fastidi- 
ously maintained. 60.000 
genuine miles. £4.000. Reg no. 
TOV 882. Prrcc includes no 
plate. 160 walls of M il and Co- 
bra alarm system Pm ale sale 
Going abroad. Trt: 01-429 
0990 or Ol 961 B217. 

MERCEDES 300 SC Cabnolel 
1967 Law mileage Quite stun- 
ning £12.600 108601 375760 T. 


Overdrive 1 years MOT. good 
condition, rebum engtne not yrt 
run in. British racing green, 
stored last 6 years. £5.500 ono. 
Tel. >06281 23240 or 28111 

BNMMAM 4-4 Two Scaler 1979. 
Red. many extras outstanding 
rondlllan 1 Careful lady owner 
from New. Offers 0553 
B29CC7 82B374 Klngrtynn 

MGC CT 1970. 1 owner. 57.000 
mis only Blue with Mack leath- 
er trim Wire wheels Original 
Thruout £3.995 089S 832040 

*4 MORGAN B racing Green. 
1983. 14.600 miles. Radio • 
Cassette. FSH. 1 owner. 
VGCLE8.I50 ona 603 3881 

miles, perfect condition. 1973. 
£13500 Trt 0525 220017 


Opatesceni green met. green 
hide CWW. ww tyres. Exten- 
sive restoration earned out Al 
condiilon £ 8.600 Crowilone 

Autos 0702 364470 

MERCEDES 280 SC 3.5 Convert 
ibte 1971 Stiver. Black 
leather. 64.000 mis. FSH. 2 
owners. Supreme stereo. 
Immac cond £23.900. Tel- Ol 
402 3561 off. Ol 221 3553 Hm 

2 convertibles. 5 

coupes. 3 Intercewers. 1 SP. 1 
FFll nor reswraUon! from 
£3.250 - £20.000 Tel: 0296 
758444 w days iTt 

cellent example. 59.000 miles. 
£6.995 0775 61388. 


VW BEETLE Convertible 1302 
L5 Specially I unshed In 
Porsche dark Green met 
Hemmed leather ini span 
seals. 4T5 alloys with Plrrrtll 
P7*s Front spoiler wuh spot 
lights £4.895 01 493 4218 T. 



VW Golf GTi Convertible in Bronze metallic. 
Alloys. Tints. Tan hide leather. 

GoH GTi 5 door. Jade Green Metallic. Tan 
hide. Electric windows. Central door locking. 


Brittania Rd 
Waltham Cross 
(0992) 712323 



for August 1st delivery 

taS 90 Quanta Satan. White 
ASS Brete Tuns. Black tenter 
Audi 90 Quaera Satoon. wue. 
Raft team*. 

Aiidr com Quattra. Lhasa rat 
AB5. Brakes. Eta: rtnrgrs A aenal 
AuA Quadra Coups. Tanaso Red. 
SiRad. Tnts 

Used Cat - 1963 Mercedes 280 SL 
Roadster Manual Dart ban Met 
Bee wndows. C' Lofton AOors 
Full tear seat fta. £19.000 

Hy ndtmnt R d 

0354 330738 0> 0254 40621 

ALL WHITE Golf GTi Oomrrt- 
■hie B rwurauoa 1 ov-nn. 
Showroom condition 10.000 
mis Radio cassette. Alarm. 
£8.500 ono Trt: 01-668 3620 
eves- w'c-nth. 

OOLF GU CenvnuMr. V reg 
rare 41) Black. immacuUle 6 
root, lull its MOT. laved, 
bkmounkt. must Wwn £7350 
ono 04964 3373 w ends. Ol 
839 6651 <r\ 195 

80 SPORT Red. July 1985. Sun 
rool Alarm. Stereo radio 
Immaculate S7.0O0 mHrs 
£6.809 ono. Trt Graham on 
0223 61749 office hours 
MEW ROLF ST1 5 dr. while, 
pirrili Whrrti. fact s root, del 
mileage only. £8 796 Alder tet 
Motor CO 0625 583980. 
White Full home. gfP-rb 
CIO BOO. Trt 0298 758444 
w dan >Ti 

rertibte Kan mann prepared. 
Cobra alarm and Pkhhut com 
ponenr Hereo 2 years old. 
present owner only unmarked. 
£7.500 TCI: 02404 3831 


gdo led. sun root 
86 C AUDI 80 QUATTRO Gradve. 
sun rort 

AUTD Zermatt Stfwr BOO nws 
once pad la tm udi.’Wf 


LISTERS Q2B3 56325 
Dpm 7 Days 


GTi Eirfras £7,995 CTR 

GTi Ctntee ot 3 with extras 

A- -£8,795 OTR. 

GTi 5 dr watt extras, choice of 

jL-- £9.958 OTR 

GOLF GTI B REG lots of ex- 
tras 9.000 mis. .£££50 OTR 
YOUR NEW DREG wy spe- 
cial Bolt C with extras 

£5,795 OTR 

Td 01 531 8237.T. 

PASSAT CLS Estate Aulo 1 91*4 
mrt grev pas •ten windows 
root. CPfitrat locking 33.000 
rah. £5.400 one Reg 1 122 iu 
olio avail. 092 4B5 41? 

QUATTRO AUDI 80 iCi 86 41- 
pme White Low Mileage 
Immaculjir All Lsuat Pefinr 
ments Forced sate. £io.»x> 
Trl. 01-724 4873 

GTS reg March mrtallH- 
graphlte. onlv 2.400 miles. 
£7.950 Trt 01-398 2810 



on Mercedes 250 

851 MY CC 1971. Rare 

Number on rare car. Only £1950. 
0932 7891 14 fSuntmry i anytime 


BUY SALMON require your Jag- 
uar Daimler ■under 20.000 
miiesi. Immediate decision, 
bankers draft, nationwide col- 
lection. Trt- Mark LiewtoOl 398 
4222 Sunday 0836-202956. 

VOLVO 760 TURBO Registered 
March 1986. 4.000 mb only. In 
pristine condition. Mack with 
red leal her Lnl. All rtectrkx. ex- 
cellent car £i 3600 ono. Tel Ol 
669 1847 or Caterham 47386. 

TOTOTA MR 2 C reg. only 3.800 
miles, metallic Wiser, as new. 
£9.145 Alderiey Molar Co 

SCORPIO 4i4 Unm White- 
alarm, cruise, rear sound sys- 
tem. £16.982. 0296 26162 T. 

export lax Free sales specialist 
0 A A main denier. 061 224 

Take the 

on your new car 

you take the profit, 
we do the work 


Tef: 0895 39990/71831/ 

GOLF GU 5 dr. Altai C/1, immed 
ttai am 

GO IF GTJ 5 fr. Adas, tints. Au- 

ilei raAfT 

CTi Graphte, eft. e/w. Au- 
de) £9.779 

H m Ml Ift no MH 

men M Ac road 12 nanfec 

(0772) 30744 

C FAMJUAIX. jy iya 
15.000 miles. Pewri Grey. Sun 
mol Radio earned*. 12 montra 
SSrml^£6^oa Trt: 01-274 

ESCORT CabrlaM UBi 1985 Sti- 
ver. 10.500 mb PrtsOhe 
condition £7450. 04946 3419 

SOS GTI FCUeXOT Auto 8 reg. 
14.000 mh. Met Red. S R. Al- 
lows. Siereo etc FSH. Imnvac. 
PX pass £5.950 Trt: 0932 
44982 . 09323 54321. 


27.000 mb. Met Gow. Reg nos 
RAT 11. I lady owner. £7.995. 
Immac. Trt: 0932 229411 T. 
While New L'nreg £1.000 
worth extras Quick Sate £9800 
OI 502 4691' 

BMSS ROADSTER. 1983. Black. 
Cherished plate. 17.000 mites 
Immaculate. £5.950. Stratford 
on Avon 294835. 



All makes. Best prices 
Bany HaUlday 

Aumsearef* (UKj un Hertfwd 


Tctephont for Prices 

0462 678191 


Peugatrf/ToftoJ Dealers 
in London 

Call today far your 'O' 
Regatratioa T«rt Drive 

332/340 Oaphwii Rood 
London SW9 9AJ 



Phone for prices and 

ia Rag fifML HiiwiirMl 
U ataawG UR. Tot 81-748 M2L 
Tain: SS439 USCMtt 6 


RANGE ROVERS New Unregto- 
lered. aulo or manual with air 
cond. LHD and RHD from 
£12.930 phone 0262 317640. 







Tel; (84536) 5873 cnROGH 

MG Mart 1800 CC 1979. 4&000 
miles on dor*, new engine 
4.000 mites. Soft Sr hard top. 
Full tonneau covers +■ radio. 
ExrrtteM condition. £3290 
ono.Oi 943 0025 Anytime 


BETTER PRICE 0285-68813 

complete safety, immac. CLM. 
Suburban. 2 4 wheel drive. 
£16.000. 0772 723232. 

Kimor 203 cn canto let. 

July drtftery. choice of colour. 
Be nrsL ring 0236 27538. 


16001 B Reg. 1 Owner Silver. 
0792-42266 (Swansea) 

MORGAN e 4 an exfrmjeattwr- 
Chromc wires. 1.800 mis. 
£12.800. Tel: 0602 4I084B. 


Chla X. Manual gear bos. Y 
reg. Mrt Champagne with fawn 
Int. immac A carefufly maln- 
lauted wun FSH avaiL 41:000 
mh. Seen central London or 
Salisbury. £5.700jono. Tet Ol 
236 31 2S OT 0722 337796 Ev es 

CHEVROLET Caprice Cfastac Es 
laic. *81 in goto. UtdL 54^74 
km. esomdorui comWfon 
through oul 1 owner from 
new. £5.198. Phone O20B 3666 

delivery, choice of colour. Be 
fin!, ring 0235 27S38. 

attoe ttie foOkmimg . 
selection of quality cats. 

Monco red. 7 AOS intn-dM 


M c uaua csi ion m 

SJMGndm : OLtek 

m c naxMu. bbnobt mmgl 

g«f Uur SJBB.mfita- 

CMEHUI ca SJamn Hack. 
4966 HUBS - PAM. 

taiga selection of new ^ 
used VsuxtmB Opete 


var mdi Black leather. t&OOO 
mb. Ftfl history — £17^50 
MERCEDES 450 SLC 80 34- 
vor. Blue valour, sunroof, 
aSojrs, cruise f cortnaL ratio 
cassette. Pna condtion. 
wananty €11,950 

TEL'OI 235 6326 





01-427 4993/4 

LOTUS, Stlmlter CTE.-CTCTs. 
PorecheX tyjtevJWras. Escorts 
Hr. ratal Mud. 0582 872326. T 


QV. PX 83 938S Auto. Trt, 
0706 345339 IT) 


are frilly aware of all (he tax allowances open to 
you. And how the interest of any finance arrange- 
ment can be offset against (axa We profits. 

What you may not have realised is just how 
easy it is, and how little it on cost, to raise the 
profile of your company With the acquisition of a 
pre-owned luxury car. Under iaguar's Approved 
Used Cars Programme no car Is accepted until it 
has met Jaguars exacting showroom standards. 

And that means afl tars are under 3 years old 

from dale of first registration, have Jess than. 
40000 recorded miles and have been rigorously 
tested by Jaguar trained technicians. 

Comprehensive cover, including parts and 
labour, and RAC membership is also included 
in the price, ensuring complete reliability and 
top value for money. 

So raise your company profile the inexpen- ’ 
stve way. Visti your total Jaguar deal^ today. 

You know only the very finest used cars will be on 
show tor your inspection. 



suTOismMStattflimMuw low prAteEaglp lyres. Conor moo. 
GoOra MMmB 000 IMS LMfattay 0*430 C19JBS I 

GtoMfcaKxi E245V5 1 



w Llre iw i w. Ctorendon btug ^i g|i rt nkg 


. . IrtnOrtnnm 

M m HMlR Data* Ok. Hum Arean -ne«k. ora tan mtae mm 

TOo»*nfflfiw*fuiymadaac«Cn9ri«ort teeubc regent gmrtncfc 

' nod, £10/950 1 

Mao • unojB and vov umou* DreiMH 19000 MM 

M JKHW? JUS VIS CrtrtoM. r*gan aw IMF Wi JuWre MIQ(Miagd«JACUlUt8owrelgn42C<XMAdoaa<.timn 

sp«c*caban.LUOmla POJL Msmay.MMwM CH198S 

MTO«J»rgCrtrtolrtSmlni)IW * CkfW3JDteSp4e6crtlpri LOOP 5D»faSOV£nBCWVf20reMo«lm &000o*s £71,450 

ntaworty ROA. 55imj*gi«So>i«reion4iae,iwxj*RiWng7wnidDa5kn m* 

«.« S «i OS3 ASto.m.mrtrtaooo n -esa-xr 

88fClU8Vt2.5M(lblualtm*.100QnHi. CCLA ^ 18000 mtes £18450 

Options include: 

• Jaguar mmiature scaled raefiator • Dual 
twin headlights • Roof and boot spoiler 

• Choice of alloy wheels • Colour coded 

bumpers and duo colour schema ^^ TOS ^t*««*.Moo-M “ZZZ ggHKHB S — 

• Matching walnut console • Gear lever and m to £« ^ s ooo mns .gemso 

radiopanel ■ Matching woodrim steering ^ 

wheel etc. B5(B}XJSll£C^»4««rt^?^>dv^wrr^ajXn MICIJMSlMRUiiatonagMgnrerwbeK lOOOQmsonhr £W% 

85 td JMUUI USUC4 




5.7 litres 400 BHP 
6.4 ntres 440 BHP complete 

6.9 litres 480 BHP 


iMerasted m the uttimate Jaguar 
engi re-send lor a brochure or let 

0676 23526 

TREX 31 2 475 FWD ENG-G 


AUDI ocatTOO m4il4Mc 

Irani vtMk Plisiw nheite for IM 
psl inforauboii 0733312213 T 


Specialist Cars — 




9c wcknnfc enquires repmhng D a mm vrm am xml Ne» Car Orftnrrv 


IS on MI COCO Mto, amunrvBu* 

H [O Oo» un » da BUMGm 5m Port 
A*»vmam CUBS 

HiRiwitnkkWUta raws 

<t mMlIWteHnH'teUV 

Bvgi OL 2 JO 


Mta n tkM iw tibi ta PitaBL 
cnawctev Cirjwf 

UfQ DnigitaarWta^tea 
CsmAn CI7JH 

tofqite IW.«r Bi— Itobn. mean 

For hirther dt-Uuls contain 
Paul March jnr i(Mn5S8J 28^ ( juniiiyv] or 
^^Gruup Marketing on (PUS 26441 1 iVCVekilays] 



VL2 E TYPE RooiMer Beautiful, 
■mnuculdte. metallic Mur with 
blur iTdllw inlcrar. comptelrly 

rr bulIL wire Whertv manual. 
£12 995 Trt 01 694 5066 

iBuMiwa) or 506 1052 iHomri 

XN 4 2 1983 A dr™ Guar 
with Blur Leal her S gperq 
irunujl 48.V0 nutev V goofi 
rand FSH £6.750 niw Con- 
tart Ml Allmerk 0232 482666 
■oi or 0222 842428 eves 

XJSHEAReg. 19B3 met brawn, 
beige iralher. eieclnr windows. 
Jir rand . stereo CMetle. FSH 
evrellenl randiuan. r-r-direrlors 
fjr. t owner £1 1 .600. Trt. Ot 

col 2541 

CABRMMXT V12 C Reg 8 000 
mites Srbrtng Red. As New 
£22996 Rk turd Melon Tcte- 
phone 021645-U36 


J978 BBC. 45.000 miln. ,m- 
mta-uuie Of rets, over £2.500 
AMOl 22603. 

JACUAR XJS RE. 198? model, 
juln. Meii.ilir bronze Hkteinlr 
i i4r. 'Snr-o. Tav. Inmucuuie 
at 250 Trt- 0789 840314 


lim mileage Prmdiuiti Stiver 

uitn htark ludr £19000 ono 
Hfiindncfc rrurk*. 021-544 
5655 alike firs 

Qirnre oi 45 wtvote range 
C4.9gfi-tl9.000 Esl 1 9 jraiv, 
P\ TrtOI 054 9833 CrtextTi 



A selection of our previously owned Jaguars 

1985(C) Jaguar Xi&VI 2 Coupe. Cobalt blue/ 

Doeskin, 7,000 miles. 86 Model. £21,950 

1985 (B) Jaguar XJSV12 Coupe. Sage green/ 

Doeskin, 17,500 miles. £19,950 

1985 (O Jaguar Sovereign 4^. Silver/biack, 
8,000 mHes. 86 Mod^. - £17^0 

1984 (B) Jaguar Sovereign 4^. Silversand/ 
Buckskin, 19,500 miles. £14^950 

1984(B) Jaguar XJS 3.6 5 Speed manuaL 
Racing Green/BiscuiL FSH. £14,250 

1984(A) Jaguar XJ8 42 Auto. Cranberry ned/ 

bla ck, ESR, alky wheels, 25,000 miles. £11,950 

Full range of demonstration 
vehicles available. 


BOTLEY ROAD, CaxFOHP. TEL: OXFORO (0866) 244833 


1984 A reg, 
champagne metaffic, 
cruise control, otectrlc 
sunroof & windows, 
aitoy wheels, ati 
refinements. Only 
19.000 miles. FSH 


Tet Tanworth. 
(0827) 59617 



01 - 9^1275 



10 X 1983 on ,i 

prtsoir Mkle 88 CMW 6. COO 

mlrs onlv omllXte roxnsiiKHi. 

gold mrtrtllc. rtilnys. rtrclrK 

Min roof. utUM wuidou-s, era 

ir.H Inf king. £16.995. AUorfov- 

Motor Co 0628 5829SOT. 

«90 T 1983 Auto. P.Ui. A 85, 

5 roof. ■< row, nuny ntio. 

rs»H CB256 6635 245064 T. 





trtiow. ongr turn S. roof 
BUofuni'i vterro Rear dag 
giterd. Cramf roofnul 1 own 
nr FSH ExcrtXMrUI condHten. 
12 rath* waranter £7.795 
CrgwMOIte Aul <71 0702 354478 
ntetamr. A rag 1984. raerttent 
condUtoH. mho. cfmute control 
8nIk radio tandlr. nvony. 

qthrt rtcim >5 xxjo iniicv 

£16856. day Oi 831 9941 

Eves Ol 637 9696. 


PHrot Blue/ Black. 84 (B). 
Rear seat. Electric win- 
dows. CC AW. Stereo- 
Fogs. 8.000 im. £21.995. 

021-355 6151 


Sutton Coalfield 

2DOSC 1SSX W reg. New shape. 
Silver Mur FSH. Extras indite- 
uig heodtanip wash. 4 ctertnc 
windows, electric sunroof.' 
muse control, taereo radio cas- 
srtie Exert tent cooaHUon 

[hromfllOul. £8.8EO Tef0782 
641202 0782 464S1 * 

DRIVE. 5.000km. auto. Air- 
bag. Lent her seats Air cond 
Elec windows ABS etc etc tor 
site due io special amm- 
Sfances. TeL09323 46383 

280 SC 1980 Met sifter Tint. 
Sunroof. One owner Never 
miMrd -service for 119.000 
miles FSH Hence excellent 
mr-chanirv body Bargain price 
5^-750 tyj Often. Mr Marten 
0252 518107 lOffKPJ 
W® S? B rag. March 88 Only 
10.000 mK I owner. FSH. Dta- 
moiid Blue met Blue Jcaibrr 
niL Full spec i net ABS. Air con 
rtr J sneaker radio cassette, 
immac £33 000. Tel: Mr IN 
Gaiter Ol 207 4646 Olr Hrv 
300 *■ i.? 86 iNew.modrti Dia- 
mond Blue with velour tcMh. 
Sunroof. ABS. Cruise control. 

mHeag*. C24JBO&. Contact 
Bob Shaw. Dicksons of Perth 
Trt 107181 ?82l 1 
Full Mercedes history, cruise 
copilot. Blaupunkt stereo, alloy 
vvheHft. cfectnc windows. AJao- 
luirts beautiful example 
C14 800 Esncv. 0277 811606 
bLx-k. Aprn 88 B reg. 19-000 
Km. Lhd. superb cond. £16:000 
nr v«V sensible oiler. Leeds 
716706 Sunday B8919S.T 
HEW MODEL 3386, State! Ma- 
roon. Until Brown leauter. dec 
'"X low nnteage. 
C36.4ge Boo snaw. Dtcksoos 
of Perth .107381 28211 

aoo VE, Dtamood Mue btoe Vf. 
tour. TOO miles yes TOO oniym 
'•■nr hteh spec me ABS. L« 
rcUL* 1 r,n *i for lull de- 

lads 01-902-3110 T r. 

18M Many odrasi 

ST.OOO mite*, lusi regain led -due 

io v andar scratches so munacn- 
^'*■41 C t 0.995 Trt OW 
S4036 tSdhrwT ■ - 
MO SL SPORTS 1964 . White 
witn Blue f rim. exceptional con- 
J'' 1 ®"-. 4 real coltnctors tar 

PWh 'OTMt S8211 .. . 

“0 T ESTATE Jan 84. chant- 
»onp metauir. avUO. s/ihi. 
UterpQ. rear child aru. FSf. one 
Offer . 3V.OOO nv £9.480. 
044 J7 73*13 

iSO Ss Auto 83 smrDicS S 
Atairtddws. Sterna.* *1 tits tier 
honvte. £11260- Tlifc oeai 
3«19 olf- 0277 364083. Hto. 


+ ■ 


iF7 kmc :-'vT 



*£•■■■- • 
21 . ■ • 
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92=;.. : 

Viodsor 361547 

TX 64946S 

i SE 5 35 j 


: ! * . t 

2 k:: ■•-- • 


2HZ520 :■ 

ha 52:15c. 

» i 








ambridge University Tripos results: Natural Sciences Partlb 

The following Titook 

A i TRS£:g a SIS!E-. 0 S.’ 3 if« iSraSfeTE«Si^Ea^. 

SHsSPJSs-** i* * i m& 

notes distinction}: 1 

Natural Sciences Part IB 

gHVJ&fSEVV sjbe- 

gvnton CP MS. Stockport. Trin: J z 
£*£?■ KUmlev S. LMunlnaton Sea. 


Acad. Christ's; V J Ronin- 
JOh- Oxford HS. Pemo; A p rmm 
jjSgsKT BOS. aoSHs: * fi ng£ 
Herod Bumass. Swindon, aimm Q 
0 Jonn Leman HS. Becclef. 

WSggn'fe.'® 5 H 

p 5 K«« '^S%S^ rc S1T ^ 

OirtJC*. J P 
lion. Down 

SSS ^tJ^ _ 

C Andra^f, 



- 53390 

c^V!, aSS" 5 " 

5531 Jiwn wg C, K 
fwfA S f Oeorwi c WMHirM«r 



M _. 

-,. W“'W- 
A Cooks. 
Char] es do 

N A rox- 
bnp. cu. I 
Mourn s. 

GetJey. wycombe Abbey S. Trin; F L 
Oancfila. Woodhoura SFC. London. 
Dnnu; a p Giddy. Mancnestcr GS. 
CIb: J P Goff. Price SynwrxH C- 
Down: S E Goidthome. Chrrwei] 
Upper & Oxferd.Neyro: E P Green. 

k. M J QJ Pi’ll. 

D P Griffith. Elen, 
SKIMP Ward Comp S. 

Dagenham. W: J I*. H? 1 !; . Wra frtiffc 

Orta HS, Newp; C JHall-Maithews. 
Hereford Cathedral OS. Newn; c M 

NewraOle uPty.TyneftQS.M fyf; H 
AundareMfl. Lewn C. Mancnesier. 
Emma. D Swift. DurtUanc HS. Girton: 
B J Sykes- Marmoreupn C. PemtkP j 
Tack lev Fosters S. Sberoome. Trtn; 

Dagenham. Pet: J L, Hal . Wejfriiffe 
Girts KS. Newn; C JHall-MWhnw. 
Hereford Cathedral OS._Newn; G M 
Harris. Rugby. Pent* SPCHsM. SI 
HanhniQimurx S. Sunderland. Down; 
C L Horn Syroreb* HS. Nrwp; N P 
Horsfall. King James 



ffif-Atssa SYSLSSr® 


St Bomventum BCS. Londem. Pemn: 
M j Hyicn. Wintrirwham S. Grnresbv. 
TrH: MTS botta. Httw Edward vi &, 
Norwich, Cla: C P Jenkioson. 
criWimn Como & London. Qu: ADS 
. _.r William BorhHes S. Corp; E 
R Johnston. St Cuihberts W 5 . New. 
castle upon Tyne- Down: AC Jones. 
WMonf&S, PH: I H Jones. Chase HS. 
Matvern. drum; K S Jones. Quint 
S, London. New H; c A 

5SS 8XagKaBSft£ta 

K2E5 Chnsrs. GS. Down: LC Lew Ymi , 

Wf of 
bu Newn; 
Magd: A S 
PA Baker. 

John Leman hs. ftWiZT 3 ^” , S i"™ u hod; k u Haruca, uoy 

.asfffef Sfcsaa 

Mj ^dhobn?S. 1: G A 
’ \qb. Hitchfti fcc 

Chartrrhouse. Trin; P A Baker: 
prntin Boys s. Joh: A M L Banks. 

GS. TTrto^ am Barker. 

■MAKi^wSbdS: 1 ' 

New C. Rob: R C Bartlett, Lady 

-liA Quo" 

M Boatman. HmH HS. stouan. 
jnom P Ngrackm. Queen EJttabetn 
MPttaJ. Bristol, Cath; C M Bradford. 

New_H: G M Bruce. SI 
irburph. Chur; a 
BeKajLCU: J R 
hn Deane's S. 
A J Chandler. 
I .D Chapman. 

**9 1 

ccHflpj m 

mam r i; 

BOWS i-V j 


SaC ^’^ -f r> 5 « 


- ■::?*?***. 

. Sid: R 
Fltrw. R J 
, N Hunt. . 

L D Horst. . 
u i«ty Maidstone 
Himfey. i 
M IcufS , 

R Jenkrns. Thomas - Mills 
FrarnUngham. Emma; D 1 Kltsbem. 
JJasmonran HS. CtUtSTp; M C iSR 
Bangor GS- Down. Rob; □ K K Lee. 
Charto-house. Trin; C R Le Sueur- St 
TJ«nM Aoiunas RC s, BUiidnul iam. 

iff** E w LJV g^ 8u M te **■ ^ 

MansfleM. Thui^on 


Job: S 
... Fltzw: 
. London. 


^ Coen. Judd 

e Cohen. 

s d corns, wunam eub 

KlnTK O J Coxed. St fvo Comp s. SJ 
L F Cummins. Oaklands RC 
. . .w- — V/aterloovUlo. Joh; c Dahoo. 
weummon C. Ou: R A Dale. 
Hedimham S. O irWtV S E Davies. 
Woodhotise SEC. London. Cal: K D 
Davis. Merchant Taylors’ S. 
North wood- Corp; J J Davttt. Leeds 
GS. Gain: R F dr Dombai. Leeds GS. 
Down: S W dr Souza. St Benedict's S. 
Jes: H M Dignum. St Davids. 

London. Jon: G 
, Sunderland. Std; 

- _ — — ord S. Qu: c R 

Drake. King Edwards GHS. Btr- 
mlngham. Chur: S J Dunn. King 

nr^r^f'i TV - P™? vueuirB s*. nungham. Chur S J Dunn. King 
Bradford. Newn; A C Morris. Prior Jaincs S. Knarnbrough. Down: J A 
SJS? l 0 ?£JSlJHS' eJ 3 ?* ,, wChun W O Edwards- Chedenham. 

Moss. Godaimino C_ Down: C Y 
Nadln. kings wood S. Corby. Chun H 
C Neale. MUSerS. ^Southwell. Joh: J 
A Newman. Bedford Girls HS. Emma: 

Orion. W M Edwards. Loughton HS 
SF centre. Chur. N v arts. Si 
Michaels S. Stevenage. Down: R c 
Evans. West BDdgford Gorap S. 

Kynafitdfl s. tondor. New H: t a| 
"King. Perse S. Cambridge. OirtaBl 

ua uuwir. i_ Lt" i 

, _ Maurmus. Rob: T T 
St Raul's co-ed C Hon 

McAusland. 1ZJ.. - ■ -- - 

Pemfi; a J D McDonald. Queen 
Ettzabeth Hospital. Brtsloi. CaQu N P 

B MacdeugaU. Shrewsbury S. 

S Maciarlane. Sherbrook S. l _ . 

Cm McWUUams. Belfast Royal Acad. 
Ginon: D R Maihers. Haberdashers' 
Alice's 3 . Elstree. Rob: ft l Matthews. 
Yale SFC. Wrexham. Cdii: J B o 
MiictwU. Bedales s. Cnun O E 
Morton. European S of Brunets. 
Beta am. corn A Munns. Htnlew s. 
lnhTlngborouBh. Girton: A J Murrell. 
Haywards Heath C. Mag d: P J Neale. 
PomelaM Co hs. NewrmsUe upon 
Tyne. Cath: ft B Newman. CheatUe 
Huime S. Chun ft W Osborn. ~ ' 
s,sw:jk osbourn. 

D t Ovent. Yeovil C. Joh; P J Owen. 
Wlnstonicy SFC. Qo: C J Parker. 
CheHenham Ladles c. Jes: S J Patton, 
venom s. Si Albans, cal; S M 
Pearson. Oiurch HS. Newcnuc upon 
Tyne. Qu: OLB Phillips. Westminster 
s. cath: C S J Piodev Merchant 
Taylors- s. Ousby. Oman: A l 
P tdoux. Wisbech CSS. Chrtsrs: S J 
Ptikingian. HaUsham S. Trin: T S T 
Ptner. Maodalen c s. Oxford. Trin. c 
J Plark. OUlon C. Bmtol. Chrtsfs; A 
J PrllrtianL Stoke SFC. Jea: C Purdy. 
King Edward vt s. Morpem. Fltzw; K 
Ranlmfoola. SJ PauFS Girls S. London. 
Emma: R C Reed. Dulwich C. Corp: S 
J B Reynolds. ANngdon S. Joh: D R 
RKhards. whilgin S Croydon. Joh. P 
E Roberts. Kent C. Trin: I J Robertson. 
Haberdashers* Ashe's S. Elstree. Cta: 
S E RoMnson. Si Clemen l Danes S. 
Chorleywood. Fltzw; A ft F Roda 

Edwards S. Blmungham. C 

_ ...... CUy of London Freemens 

S. Chur: A H Ronn. Daunt^ey's S. 
Chnsi's; f h Salisbury. Winchester C. 
Trin: S C Sarson. Peierhead Acad. 
Chur: C Smltz-Petffer. Burnham GS. 
Sta: L D scrivener. Exeter S. Jes; ft D 
Shell. CUfton C. Bristol. Selw: I 
Sinclair. Wallace HS. Usbum. Chun J 
P Sleetnan. St Peters Cegtatc S. 
Wolverhampton. Tnn: C M smart. 
Ttmbndge S. Rob: M J Smith. BrtSUM 
GS- Joh: H M SOPP. Lord Dioby's S. 
Sherborne. Chun A Summer-field. 

bh m mrnmm 

l ¥y> I 

non: N 

D Tramans. King Edward vi sfc. 

Siourorldge. job- D D Ward. 
Rramcoir Hdta Comp b. N oMngham. 
Chur A M watsoiv Leeds GiSelw: 
M W Weston. Ow?! 

Mclkaham. Sdw. R £ 

Mcau umvjCanKia. s Whiunj. 
Trinity S. Croydon. A K WUjxx. 
Coopers Company. Cobu rn^S. 
Lipminster. CaUi: A R wnllmiK. 
Richard TaunronC. swthgnpmtL 
aa: E WootJetL Wdaies S. Jm ; S S 
Wyatt. Malvern Gins C. Newn: S J 
Zurek. Heteby HS. CL 

ph„ j iitililnn H E J AdattK. 
SSlphin sTsSSSslwry and Joh: G R 
AdanuTNewcastle under Lyme OihS 
and cta: H C Adatns. PonsinpuOi KS 
and Tnn: M SAmuwaJla. If tv/nn- 
■ inoer «, Londoh and Emma. J M 
aSS. mosESS-ara Vi S. Norwich 
and Trm-A S Atko-. gutwhawC. 

Armstrong C 

Giwd oTsSt Hdjfgtm' 
Ashe's S. Etstrre ami <&L 2 ®f ro *Si 
Woodham. CgmP,& Dyg?™ ^ 
Chur: J D BeresfordPefrse. KumCS. 
Wimbledon and Qu; S E Bmy. 
Walthamstow HaD and Cat P □ Beg. 
Netherhau S. Cambrtdor and Qa: M 
Benny. WWhwav *■ 

Newn: N J Bird. Br ChapcrKT-s CS 
and Fltrw; R JC Bowman. Skbuien 
company* S. Tunbridge Wells MidQw 

A C Sid lev. RdaaleCS andDP^Jj 
J Braley. Galearre Comp 6 L Liverpool 
and Corn: A P Brass. Loughborough 

Paul's S- London and Tr H; G L 
wmw WwdHS and Newn; S K 
BTOO tK HS&Ss! SJ Paurs S. Londori 
and PmSTlC J 

HS and Down: D A Bwgesa. Wadforfl 
GS and Jes: w N Bussey. Uppingham 
S and Down: J A Butcher ■ 
upper S and Npwn: C M Byres. Si 
Albans Girls S and | C L 

CaidwelL Mercfl Klon &sl! » B. Edin- 
burgh and Emma; A C Cannon. Daroe 
Alice Owen's S. Potwm Barmid 
Petti b: D R Cantrell. Dr ChaUWWrs 
HS and Down; E J Ctwpman ; Ce«Mi 
HS. Newcastle _upon Tyne and 
Christ's: C L Chappie. ^ Clare's 
Convent OS. Porthcawt and Cla: C S 
Chasten. Guildford CO S and FlOrw: A 
KCTlWrneid^ N^wUnd HS. Hull and 
Newn: R W Choney. Per^e S. 
Cambridge and Rob: A G^Oatno. 
Red pork S and TT H: A R Clark. 
Coleraine Acad Inal and, Cla: A J 
darkson. George Watson's C. Edin- 
buroti and Pemtu J F Clift. Loreto 
SFC. Manchester and New H: C 
caunies-Ross. GodDipWn and Lahmer 
S. London and Rob: EM. Crfien 
Newcastle upon Lyme Glrfc. s and 
Pemb; H M Coleman. Devizes S and 
Newn: S M Crabtree. Marlborough C 
and Christ's: ft C Crate. King, Edward 
VI S. Southampton and Selw: PJ 
Cumpson. Newcastle upon Tyne RCS 
and Peh R M Damms. Kings S. 
Macclesfield and Cla: C P N Davies. 
Queens C. Taunion and J«: J M 
Davis. Windsor S and Qu: R G 
DeverelL Si Mary's C. Southampion 

and Magg : L M Or ViaL SI Joseph's C. 
loswicn and coni: R M Dtllatnore. 
Bishop Vesey's CS. SUIton Coktfle M 
and Chur: j L Disboroug. 
Haberdashers* Ashe's Gtris S. EJsme 
and New H: G W Dixon. St Paul's S. 
London and Calh: D M Dodd. Wirral 
Co GS and Jes: E M Donovan. St 
Ursula's Com ml S. London and Cla: 
D J Dcwc. King Edward VI S. 
Norwich and Fittw: A R Dumtan. 
Truro S and Rob: H J Durrani. 
Callington S and Retx J E J Edmwxts. 
Balfour House s. St A than and Trin: 
D R Engrd. Lgtymer Upper S London 
and King's: T R EJUod.Ktngs Manor S. 
Shorrham by S ea , a nd Selw; G D 
Els wood. Prices SFC. Fareham and 
Fltzw; M A EmmotL Langley Wi S 

tag I if. 

and Beckennam: J J Emsley. 

Elizabeth S. Barnet and Cal: P 

Chestyn Hey HS. Walsall and Down: J 
M Fairs. St Albans Girls S and Selw: 
Fisher. Barrow in Furness SFC _ 
Magd: J B Fitzgerald. Manchester GS 
and Cal: S L Foster. Naflsea S and 
Magd: R E Franklin, Croydoo HS and 
Pemb: F C Gallagher. Bishop Gore 
Sen Comp S. Swansea and Emma: o 
C Garland. Radies' cod and Jcac. C 
Gaskin. Sutton GUIs KS and Cath; . 
A George. Badminton S and Jes: V V 
Gill. Bngnion and Hove KS and Qu: K 
Glazebrook. ChoMiurat and SMCtip 
CS and Pet: s c Giednui. Brookshan* 
S. EUand and Setw: J G Gray. 
Loughborough HS and SHw: S 
Gninths. Alfcrton Grange HS. Leeds 
and New H: L S Grimes. St Leemante 
Mayfield S and Down: _ D , B 
GroombndBe. kwnii Leckle & Wa|. 
U |1 and king 
Manor S. Shorrham by Sea and New 
H: F Grun. Epsom c and Orton: A C 
Grvxe. Peter symonds C and New Hi 

" " '•*"•'* — ford s and Sid: A 

and Syon S and 
u » .«<»'. Cater ham S and 
Down: B N Habib. Rugby S and Rob: 
P Hagan. Truro S and Orton: D S 
S. Rochester aM 

pson. St Paul's S. 

London and Trin: T M O Hams. 
Oxford HS and cu K T Hathaway. 
Wellington c and TrKSR Heal. 
Victoria HS. inversion and Emma: K 
J Heggarty. Nunmorpe GS. York ami 
Emma: A A Kenwood. Haywards 
Heath C and New H: A V 
Heihertnglon. Foyle and Londonderry 
C and Cla: J J Higgins. 
Hindu ngbrook* S. Huntingdon and 
Chun S A HtU. Handsworth CS. 
Birmingham and Cath: S T HI nth el - 
wood. William Cuts S. London and 
Sid: Q w Hodgkins. Peter Svmonds 
Coll and Chur: B J Holloway. Kings S. 
Ely and Cat: W j Hooper. Dulwich C 
and Tr H. S M Horrocks. Untied 
World c of the Atlantic and Corp: H L 
Howard Sneyd. El on and Pemb; J L 
He we. BramhaU HS end RoO: K A 
Hudson. Fosters CS. Sherborne and 
Down: J E Hughes- HalletL St John’s 
C. Leather head and Girton: M R 
Humberuone. Kina Edward VI s. 
Louth and King's: L J Hunter. 
Campion S. Hornchurch and Gal: R H 
insali. wesmiinsier S and Tnn: A J 
Jaguar. Wheelwright C. Dewsbury 
and Emma: H R P Jarvis. Stowe S and 
Down: R M Jarvis. Bryn leg Cotnp S. 
Bridgend and joh. M Jaspars. Cher- 
well Upper S. Oxford and Chur. S B 
Jennings. Ackworth S. Pontefract and 
girton: FAS Jones. SedaJes S and 
Newn; L S Kennedy. Longdean S. 
Hemet Hempstead and Ou: E L 
Kershenbaum. Latymer Upper S- 
L 07 x 10 n and Magd. P J Kinoennan. 
HealhfhMd S and King's: PJB KncL 
Manchester CS and Emma: R Korhar. 
Sir Bernard Lovell S. Brtsitf and New 

H: J W Krakauer. Qulnttit Kynasmn 
S. London and Trim M J C Lamb. 
Plume S. Maidon ana Qu. N M 
LncasUC. Caleriiam S and Cath; J R 
Laverty, U ruled World C of ihe 
Atlantic and Chnsrs: $ E Lamrus. 
OirisTs ONL FutcMey and Cla: K S 
Lee. Penang Free S- Malaysia and 
Selw: A M Le Grange. Pern with SFC. 
Penzance and Newn: J A Leonard. 
John usher S. Pur ley and Cla; j C 
Lewis. Blue Coat s. Liverpool and Can 


C and Christ's: J A Lowe. Ladies C. 
Guernsey and Newn: A J Lowry. 
panMand Co K& Newcastle uprm 
Tyne and TrH:FC Lucas. St Paulas 
s. London and Joh: M J LiAcambe. 

s. London and Joh: M J Lutrombe. 
saffron waklen Co HS and CZwiai'v 
M C McCann. Lytham S( Acmes Co 
HS ana emor D McCracken. Belfast 
1 i M J 

and Rob: 

R T Manaton. Fosters S. Sherborne 
and Cath: H G Marty n. WydUfeCand 
New H: R K Malher. Hampton GS and 
TrHiLJ Matthews, aitheroe Girts 

Eg 5 ? 

Magdalen C S- Oxford and Joh: . . 
Mercer. Perse S. Cambridge and Joh: 
S Midgett. Queen Elizabeth S. Barnet 
SnScS: C H Mobberley. HaybrkJae 
HS. Stourbridge and Joh: G R Moody, 
l^ttd S and aa: R K Morgan. 
Farroor* S. Fairford and Jes: j 

p Muntykwa. .. 

Zimbabwe and Sid: K Nana 

mouth C and Chun S L 

Bedford Modem S and Rob: L 
NamanaiL John Roan S. London and 
corp: ft G North, Hevrraham CS and 
Magd: D G O'Keeffe. SI Edward's G 
Liverpool and Jotu R S Ovens, ktsau 
S. Shlfnall and E mma : J A Owen. 
Brighton and Hove sfc and Trin: M E 
Owen. City of London Carts S and 
Newn: C Palmer. lancasur RCS and 

smiih. winchesier C andjK R P 
Smith. Renacomb C and Cow T J 
Smith. AcETingion and R oseen.da le c 
of Ft and Joh: PJ soer. BracboutTie 
S and Magd: S M SonML CoWaesier 
GO HS anodrton: E C Spary. Queen 
Anne's S. Caveraham and ... - 

City of London Girts Sand 

New If: R H Slather. Alieiton Grange 
HS. Leeds and New H: H L Simhens. 
Furze Ran Como S and New H: H A 
Siewan. Bradfldd Col and CaUi: B J 
Thomas. Brentwood Co KS and Job; J 
P Thomas. St Michael's s. Llanelli aim 
Car. A T o Thornton. Bradford ® 
and Sid: J C Tort esse, s Pete r's S. 
vork and Magd: S E Turk. -■ — 

CS. Gfavcsend and Kin^ 

Turner. Kings S. Mardesflekl and 
Joh: M M Turner. Bishons HatftcM 
Girls $ and New H: J M Tyszka. 
Wintrtngham S- Crimstwand Chur: J 
Upton. Whitby S and onwn: k H 
v idler tine. Merchtston Casiie S. Edim 
burgh and Jn: P F Vasty. OewesrrvS 
and Sid: M L vineenL Bede SFC. 
Billlngham and Cal: R M Wsddtogton. 
Hereford Cathedral ra ana Magd: A J 
Walters. Watford GS and CaE~C B 
Ward. Bedford Modern S and Cb Ui: C 
r warren. CoUiam GS. Bristcx and 
Corp: CL Way. Westciiff Oris MS and 
Rob: A C weaver. Wycombe HS and 
Jes: G M Wevntck. word Go HS and 
Joh: A R Westaarth-SmMh. BUThham 
CS and SdwTP wuuil Warwick S 
and Calh; D A Williams. Wht Uand C S 
and Pet; P M wuiiams. Launcwon 
Col! and Qu: P S Wlaiams. Howwd of 
Effingham S and Girt on: , SR 
wintams. Scarborough SFC ^ and 

aunt's R N Wilson. . 

S. Penarth and aunFs PC 
Wlndrcd. Bnmtode HS. London and 
King’s, j j wyue. r 
A mst and Chur B 

M Gre«uaw..wesln|U«rter 

and ou: T R Crunbech. KJ«W 
L SheHieM and Chur JN A 

Chrlal's T S imam. King Edward VI 
S. Chehnsforri and Catti; D HJWjes- 
Marling S. Stro ud and Tr H: D J 
Jones vale SFC. Wrexham and Sid: 

Harpenden and Qu: R S ft Lowe, 
r mi o*v n d Marshall. 


Mw r mm Plumes. Maidon and 
JeSj D Monks. Dover ccdl and Cla; P 
A Murray. Birkenhead HSand Newn; 
A C Nightingale. Cardtaai Vaughan S. 

Londonartd magd: T A Wlyer. Chase 
HS. Malvern and Jotu M w orfe tn. 

* Peroas. 

and selw: K_M_WUinp&. Aylesbury 

Emma: ft Y W Yip. AngloGhinese S. 
Malaysia and Sriw. 

Girton: T D J Perkins. St Gyres Comp 
S. penarth and Emma: M A Phillips. 
Stockport CS and Jes: A H PhUUmbu. 
Portsmouth HS and New H: J 
Picketing. Wesicllff HS and Girton: S 
H W Pilcher. Winchester C and TT H: 
j r Pinner. Htghgate s, London and 
Emma: ft B Pinsfcer Bedford S and 
selw: I v Pocock. utUehampton S and 
Down: A L I Poutter. Abbey Grange C 
of E S. Leeds and Jes: J L Rabbens. 
Hens and Esxx HS jmd Pemb: S J 
Rackham. Johnston See s. Durham 
SScattu M J J Radoa. Oxford S and 
Down: D S Rainbow. Bedford Modern 
S and Cath: P N Randall. 
Haberdashers' Aske's S. Elstree and 
Jes; R J Randall. P«^roi CS. North 
Walsh am and Chur: P S Road. Gerop? 

aiv] corp; to 

Newcastle upon 

Class 3 ; C L Adams. StoweS and Trim 
D Allen. Walbouie HS and ntzw: M E 
K Allen. Harrow and Corp: B J Alves. 
SJ Main -3 Convent S. Wuybrtdge and 
CUton: D O J Ball. Colne HS. 
CoichKter and Cath; M J BaUansL 
Christ's How S. Lincoln and Joh: B J 
Barren. Bradforo and Trin; j R w 
Bates. Brtslol GS and Jes: L P Bennett. 
Leighton Parte S. Reading and Cat: D J - 
L Bernard. Stonyhurst C and Trin: R 
j Blackwell. Richmond upon ThamM 
Con and Qu: S J Branch. Mount Sj 
Mary 1 ? HS. Leeds and New h. J D 

He Hoi's S-_. 

Manor s. Snoreham by Sea and 
Girton: E J Rimmer. Hailey bury C 
and TT H: M B Roe. High Wycombe 
RCS and Girton: D M Rosewarne. 
Kings S- Worcester and Joh: A J 
Roundhlll. Leeds CS and Corp: CR.M 
Row lev. Loretto S. Musselburgh and 
Tr H; S J Sargaison. St Albans S and 
airsrs R D soles. Richmond upon 
Thames C and Rob: A E Bhaftg. 
Giferham and Down: ft A Shahaiu. 
King Edward V] S. Soulhamplon and 
CaLD E SheaL Weston v as ell 
S. Northampton and Down: — . 
Shepherd. OrwMl HS. Felixstowe and 
Christ's: J Sidebonom. Oxford HS and 
Gllun. D J Smith. De Burgh Bilateral 
Go Sec. Tad worth and newn: M K c 

High fields S. Mattock and Fltrw: D J 
Carter. Wantage SFC and Cath: W-N 
Chan. Portsmouth CSand Kimfx D A 
Chaplin. Tasker Mllward S. 
Haverfordwest and Chur: A 
Comaiah. Newcastle upon T 
and Rob: D M Davenport. St - ----- 
York and Emma: C C DavKBon. 
Shaftesbury Upper S and Chnsi's: J 
Davies. Palmers SFC. Grays , and 
Pemb: M J Denham. Bradford GS and 
Selw: K S Deol. Frltham Upper S and 
Emma: A J Oowrue. SJ Robert of 
Newmlnsier S. Washington and Cath: 
s Edklns. Kingston C or FE and Qu: J 
Fisher. St Francis C. Letch wo rth a nd 
New H: J C Forater. Exmouth Comp S 
and Sid: P K Fox. ADertan Grange 
HS. Leeds and Ginon: J P Franklin. 
Douay Martyrs R C. S. Uxbridge and 
Coro: J P Freeman. Perse S. Cam- 
bridge and Rob: A Gtgante. European 
S of Brussels. Belgium and Qu: S J 
Gray. Deben HS. Feuxsiowe and Trin: 

S. Harlow and Sid: D E_™»- 
Tomttrocote S. Frtmiey and cutmus 

Reynolds. Euzabrfhan 

and Girton; A J Rodwcfl, Blundells 
and Pet; P L Sa 

and Magd: M A d»h « ” 

mid Qu: S J Shall! ker. 

Dean srptymouth and Cal; 

J sutunonds. Berkha msted S a 
Pemb: M D G Smiih. wjmMar 
and Pemb: S N Taskar. Northolt l ~ 
and Fltzw; M C Thompson- Lady 
Manners S. Ba keweU knd*Newn: AL 
Walker. Walthamstow Hall andStfw: 
P j R Ward. NoJUnghMi HS anagg 
T M Watson. Cavendish S- Hemef 
Hempstead and Chur: G L Wllliars 
Y 9 ^Tryf an. ganger and Down: M 

and Trin: J E 

Middlesbrough and Gtrton. 

The following, who are not 
candidates for honours, have 
satisfied the Examiners: 


Granted an allowance towards 
the Ordinary Bj\- Degree: 

J M Hunter. rMaBwmaltc'tl Hudderj- 
field New C and Tnm A G Lund. 
(Biochemistnr. Fluid Mechanics] 
Birkenhead S and Gtrton. 


In the list of degrees awarded by 
the University of Durham pub- 
lished on June 30 the name of S 
C Steel was omitted from 
anthropology honours, class 2, 
division 2. 

In list of Cambridge Tripos 
results published on June 25 the 
name of G R L Bowen should 
have been included in the 
Music, Part 2 section. 



a mart _ 

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Bint Pasha to initiate Cole double Cochrane injury Mahony 

By Mandarin 
(Michael Phillips) 

Paul Cole, the new master 
of Whatcombe and Richard 
Quinn, his accomplished 
young stable jockey, look 
poised to pull off a double at 
Sandown Park today with Bint 
Pasha (2.35) and Axe Valley 

After finishing second in her 
first two races. Bint Pasha is 
napped to make the winner’s 
enclosure at the third attempt 
in ihe Jardine Maiden Fillies 

Being by the American Tri- 
ple Crown winner Affirmed, 
out of a mare by Graustark. 
Bint Pasha should be well 
suited to today's distance and 
her trainer is more than 
hopeful that she will lead from 
start to finish. 

For a filly with her breeding 
she has already done well to be 
placed over five and six 
furlongs behind such fast indi- 
viduals as Forest Flower and 
Twyla, who have both gone on 
to win again - Forest Flower at 
Royal Ascot and Twyla at 
Newmarket last Saturday. 

My contention is that it will 
take an above-average new- 
comer to catch Bint Pasha this 

Axe Valley is not a big filly 
to be saddled with 9st 101b in 
the Inchcape Handicap, but 
what she lacks in size she 
- certainly makes up for with 

And she is pretty quick, loo, 
as she demonstrated so ably 
here at Sandown just under 
three weeks ago when she won 
an almost identical race over 
today's course and distance. 

On that occasion she had 
All Agreed. Kelly's Royale, 
Cree Bay and Lochtillum in 
her wake and i believe that she 
capable of beating them 


fall at Brighton 

Ray Cochrane, enjoying his 
best season, including two das- . 
sic winners, escaped serious 

‘ Greville Starkey jjrovided 
.new. trainer Alex Whiling with 
his first success when coming 
kept place 

By Michael Coleman 

injury when his mount. Morn- through smoothly on Red Zulu 
ing Flower, stumbled and, fell in ' to ta!« the Reggetis Selling 
the opening race, the. .Beau -Stakes. The added, son of Red 

the opening race, 

Brumrael Maiden • Claiming 
Stakes, at Brighton yesterday.. 

Sitting just behind the leaders 
at' the two furlong madeer^the- 
odds-on favourite suddenly lost 
his footing, and Cochrane took a . 
crashing fall. He was brought,, 
back-in an ambulance, then sent 

to the Royal Sussex 'Hospital 
with a whiplash injury to the 
suspected. P 

Stakes. The gelded son 
Johnny, always travelling well 
in behind the leaders, was 
produced at Just the right time 
to gain a ha) f fength victory over 

. .The- 34-vear-old Lough- 
borough trainer has only re- 
cently taken over from Lenny 

i fracture of 

neck and a si 
the forearm. 

The senior Jockey .Club medi- 
cal officer. Dr Michael Allen, 
said: “I do not think 'it's too'' 
serious, but he wilt have to be X- . 

The notorious Brighton track 

Xjghtbrown- Whiting, .who has 
ten horses in his charge, was 
assistant to Lightbrdwn for four 
years. Ligh thrown is' giving up 
the English scene. for a job in . the 


Davies cleared 

Hywd Davies, the National 
.Huai jockey, has .not broken the 

jutes V; "Wat'S 
past, including the tragic death Tiding of Premier. Charlie at 

of Joe Blanks five years aga 
Steve Dawson. Mick Miller and 
Gay Kelleway have all recently 
sustained injuries at the course. 

Cochrane, the 29-year-old 
Irish-born jockey, was enjoying 
his best-season with 36 winners, 
two of them classic victories -on 
Midway Lady. - 

The race went to Lady Be? 

Armada, Guy Harwood's unbeaten colt, who is fancied for Haydock Park's Metropole t rophy. 

have, who scored 
half lengths from' 

Wolverhampton in' Match. Af- 
ter a Jockey Club- inquiry at 
POrtman. Square yesterday, the 
disciplinary committee cleared. 
Davies of breakinR the rates of 
racing. : 

,: • The -hearing followed aa in- 
vestigation . .into a - complaint 
mode ' ’ by ■ Premier ’ Charlie's 
.trainer Michael Hinchdifife, af- 
ter the gelding, who started 9-2 

one and a - joint favourite, could finish only 
i-Oh-My. ; eighth, of ihe 14 runners-- 


again this afternoon, albeit on 
slightly worse terms. 

Twelve months ago Ian 
Balding won the first race on 
this particular programme 
with the fast filly Measuring. 
Now he must be hopeful that 
Sea Dara will follow suit 

When she won first time 
out. over today's course and 
distance. Sea Dara beat Sauce 
Diable who. at Windsor on 
Monday, just managed to hold 
that speedy Miswaki coll Misk 
at bay. 

With Walter Swinburn re- 
quired in Hamburg to partner 
Lavender Mist for Michael 
Stouie. Tony Kimberley will 

be on the well-bred newcomer 
Baltic Shore, whose sire Dan- 
zig has done so well at stud. 
Apparently, Baltic Shore can 
step on a bit, but Sea Dara has 
the edge on experience. 

Arguably, Stoute's best 
chance at home today lies with 
Dalgadiyr in the Royal Hong 
Kong Jockey Gub Trophy. 
Last time out he finished third 
to Moon Madness and 
Weshaam in the King George 
V Handicap at Royal Ascol 
B ut with Weshaam losing at 
Windsor on Monday that 
form now has a slight flaw and 
1 just prefer KaLkour who. 
ironically, is one of Stoute's 

At the last meeting Kalkour 
ran out a very comfortable 
winner of a similar race and I 
find it hard to believe that Al- 
Yabir can make up five 
lengths, even on 61b better 
terms. In the meantime, 
Kalkour has run really well in 
Belgium to finish second to 
Phardante in the Grand Prix 
de Bruxelles. 

Besides Dalgadiyr. who 

may well be better suited to 
today's distance than Ascot's 
mile and a half. Promised Isle, 
Rana Praiap and Try To Stop 
Me are others who will make 
life difficult for Kalkour. 

By winning at Goodwood 
and Sandown, since he landed 
a gamble at Newmarket, 


winning at Salisbury 
Kempton recently. 

By the time that Michael 
Hills takes Aventino to post 
this afternoon Bold Pillager 
may well have won the Derek 
Cretch Handicap at Haydock 
where the one-time Derby 
hope Armada will be expected 

Today's course specialists 


TRAINERS: M Stoute. 37 mrmers from 149 runners. 24.8%: J Hindtey, 7*om 33. 2t .2%: 
G Harwood. 30 from 142, 21.1%. _ 

JOCKEYS: WNevmts. 7 wlraws from 45 itoes. 15.6%; R Cochrane, 8 hum 55. 143%: 
M L Thomas, 7 from 50. 14.0%. 


TRAINERS: H Ceci. 20 wrras from S2 rumws. 3&S V G Harwood. 17 From Ga 28a%: 

B mils. 18 from 83. 21.7%. 

JOCKEYS: S Cauthen. 22 wrmwrs from 94 rates. 234%; W Canon. 34 from 147. 23.1%; 
Pat Eddery. 10 from 44. 22.7%. 


TRAINERS: M Stouts. IB wkmar tram 56 rumors. 33-9%: R Boss. 6 ham 22. 27.3%: J 
Spearing. 8 from 40. 20.0%. „ 

JOCKEYS: G Outfield. 23 winners from 145 rtdss, 15-9% J Btoasdato. 13 tram 87. 
14J9%; P Robmson. 10 from 74. 13£%. 

Newmarket in April, gives my 
selection the beating of Top 

With Jeremy Tree and Pat 
Eddery in all-conquering form 
at present Geltser will start at 
short odds to win the John 
Barnes Maiden Stakes, even 
though he is opposed by 
Summerhiil Streak and 
Anti no us. Geitser's first run at 
Newbury behind Brave Danc- 
er augured well 
Finally, Rapid Lad looks a 
bet in the Grand ways 
leckout Handicap to im- 
prove his already excellent 
record at Beverley where he 
has won seven races. After a 
while in the wilderness, John 
S pearing's eight-year-old 
came good there again three 
weeks ago to the delight of his 
numerous local supporters. 

St Hilarion in top form 
for Saint-Cloud trip 

From Oor French Correspondent, Paris 

The Gay Harwood-trained St 
Hilarion. a good second behind 
DOustas in the Hardwkke 
Stakes at Royal Ascot, carries 

last eight races, indndfng -die 
1965 Deutsches Derby. - 

British, hopes hr the Grand Prix 

de Saint-Cloud on Sunday. 

Barry HQls has decided not to 
ran last year's second. Seismic 
Waw& after all and St HBarion 
win face a maximum of nine 
opponents, inducting Andie 
Fabce's Saint Estepbe, who was 
wefl dear of St HDarion when 
home in the 

• Lavender Mist’ (Walter 
Swinbforn), impressive 
landing the RatlynucoD Stud 
Stakes on Jane It, Is a rare 
Michael Stoote-trained rn 
is Germany today. She is joined 
in her attempt for the 
three Preis des Casino 
Ttmvenmade by Gavin Pritcfe- 
ard-Gordon’s Bold and Beanti- 
fal (George DtffiddX AU 

Aventino has become one of 
this column's favourites. His 
form is also solid because both 
Alqirm and Bold Pillager have 
paid him a compliment by 

to win the Metropole Trophy 
at the expense of Top Guest 
A line through Dare Say, 
who was trounced by Armada 
in the Wood Ditton Stakes at 

• Corals, who sponsor 
tomorrow's Edipse Stakes at 
Sandown Park, are offering- 5-4 
against the course record being 
broken in the ten-furlong event 
The present record is held by 
Kalaglcrw, who won the race 
four years ago. 

co mpanion Gallia Pladdia. 

Connexions of bst Sunday's 
Grand Prix de Paris scorer, 
Svrink, have since made a 
supplementary entry for him so, 
presumably, he will be in the 

Steve Cantben has an in- 
teresting ride booked-' on- 
Acatenango. who is trained in 
Germany fry Heinz Jeatzsch. 
One of Germany's best colts in 
years. Acatenango has won his 

MeOe on her last visit. . 

- The Newmarket challengers 
have just three local rivals in the 
shape of Comprida, AwnUnme 
and Barina. Comprida is easily 
tiie best of these and will give the 
visitors plenty hi -think about. 
Heinz. -Jenttsch's. ; filly has 
claims to being die best of her 
sex in' the country, having won 
the Preis der Diana (German 
Oaks) on her moot- recent 
appearance. . 

The only absentee- of note 
from the national open chanfr 

pionships which' begin, today 
at Milton Keynes is Dominic 
Mahony who is in Moscow 
representing Britain, at this 
sport in the GootfwilLGaiiies. 
Places on both the senior and 
junior squads at next montit's 
world championships in Italy 
will be at stake, hence- the 
expected big; turnout. - 
' Exams prevented- Mahony 
taking pan in the: recent 
Birmingham International 
and his far has 
been exhibited at contests 
abroad. Hewe veiv logic points 
to his. being seFeetetrfbr: Italy 
alongside the obvrous choice 
-of Richard Phelps. : 

Mahony’s fencing afone re, 
quires his iodusfon ih the 
squad. Nothing deflates .mo* 
rale more than mifummn 
marks being scortid r fey aU the 
team on the. second day, of a 
contest; as happened laSt-year 
ai the Melbourne world titles 
fight and, indeed, to a targe 
extent at Birminghain. 

. Frontrunners for the other 
two senior places .wfliridhue 
Peter- Hart, whose win In-Bent 
last week atcraed fortnsriding 
gaffe in-Birmingham where he 
missed a fence,, thereby losing 
| ; 10G ^points, and Graham 
Brookhouse and Jbn Nowafe 
With the bolder Peter 
Whiteside, now - supposedly 
more coach than competitor, 
defending, and embarrassingly 
as fit as ever, it must' be a 
diffbanger. - ■ • . 

. The sport is such that 

whatever you have gained on 
the swings (for Brookhouse, 
for instance; foe -swimming 
and shooting) you can just as 
easily squander on the 

roundabouts.. ' 


(8-^tn beat AL-YABffi 

Televised; 2J5, 35, 3.40, 4.10 
Going: good to firm 
Draw: high numbers best 

2 JO GRE STAKES (2-Y-O: £4,201: 5f) (8 runners) 

firm. June 14. 14 ran£ DALGADIYR (8-9) 71 3rd to Moon MaOiees (9-4) at Ascot tim4f. 

£10628. firm. June 
Selection: KALKOUR 

19 ran). 



1 SEA DARA I .. . 

42 30 KEEN EDGE (TTotm)P Mattel 8-V., 

M Stale 8-11 . 

04 LAST DANCE (J Norman) H Harmon 8-11- 

MOfCTARY FUND (D Khan) G Lawn 8-11 — 
0 MOON INWGO [R RictwOs) C Bnttan 8-11 — 
03 PAS D’ENCHEREfSGnns»«<l)G Lewis 8-11. 
2 LINGERING (W Bis) J Winter 98 

. JMotMu* 
. AMcGlm7 
. B1tMR3on5 

ML Thomas 1 
. G Baxter 3 

3.40 WAYFOONG HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £6,992: 1m) (9) 

041(00 GORGEOUS ALGERNON (D) (W GredteriC BfMtm 97_ 
331120 REIGHBEAU (Mm B Darke) G Lawn 94-..- 

P Waldron 6 

R Coctaraa 8 

7-4 Sea Dara. 9-4 Lingering, 100-30 Baric Show. 5-1 Pas tfEnctare, 9-1 Keen 
Edge. 12-1 others. 

FORK SEA DARA (8-11) tout subsequent Windsor scorer Sauce paWe (Bdllastort 










0100 - 

01-0111 AVENTINO (B) 
001- MERLIN'S ' 

P Cole 93. 

Hdden 8-12., 


I) (A Smith) J Sutcliffe 8-5- 

.. G Baxter 8 
P Waldron 3 
. J Reid8 

(Kjell Andenaes)CHorgsn8-2. 

. B Thomson 9 


. PCook 1 

04-000 TIIRMERIC(C Spence) D Morlev 8-1. 

4040-00 VKB»r MAJOR (F Broom) R Hannon 7-13- 


ML Thomas 5 

head over course and rfistance (£2776. good^w firm. June 13. 9 ran). KEN EDGE 

out from half-way behind Jay 
Lingfad 2nd to French Tuition 
DANCE (9-0) 4Vil 4th of 8 belwd 
firm. June 24. 8 ran) MOON BOJIGO (9-0) 

El (8-8) at Epsom, previously (90) -XI 

(90) (SI mdn. £2644. good to soft May 24. 12 ran). LAST 
id Welsh Arrow (9-0) at Brighton (8f mdn, £1258. good to 
aJKJO (9-0) 131 6th to Enchanted Tunes (9-0) at Kempton 

(51 mdn. £1944. good to soft Apr 11 .'9 ran). PAS D’ENCHEHE (8-1 1) 3y»l Ungfield 3rd 

ivius • 

behind Alkadi (8-11) (51. £3319. firm. June 27. 6 ran), 
by Strathbbne (8-11) at Brighton, the par gomg fit dear (61 mdn. 
June 23. 10 ran). 

Selection: LINGERING 

- 11 ) beaten a head 
good to firm. 

94 Aventino. H-4 ProMMed. 4-1 Ftayrieau, 8-1 Gorgeous Algernon. 10-1 
Marins Magic, 16-1 others. 

FORM: GORGEOUS ALGERNON (8-2) 10th to Al Bashaama (7-10) at HaydOCfc. 
previously (9-7) finished 1 % 1 2nd to HE'S Bid (9-6) at Newtxsy (8f. £4483. good to soft. 
May17. 19 ran). HEX3NSEAU (8-10) 8th to Cirieden (8-10) In the Jersey Stakes al Ascot, 
orevtou5ly (9-7) finished 1W 2nd to Hauwmal (90) at Ungfield (7f. £959. good to soft. 
May 9. 13 ran). PROHIBITED (9-4) unplaced behind Barley BN at WoNeit 

(7t mdn. £4489, firm, June 14, 18 ran). AVENTINO (7-7) scored a neck success from Bokl 

Sandown selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Sea Dara. 135 BINT PASHA (nap). 3.5 Kalkour. 3.40 
Aventino. 4.10 Axe Valley. 4.40 Walcisin. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0 Lingering. 2.35 Glint of Glory. 3.5 Dalgadiyr. 3.40 Gorgeous 
Algernon. 4.10 All Agreed. 4.40 Mr Moss. 

By Michael Seely 
3.5 Dalgadiyr. 3.40 Aventino. 

MERLIN’S MAGIC (911) wonbjfa 

(9-2) here (81. £2923. good to firm. Oct 14. E ran). 
Setectrin: AVENTINO 

£547. firm. Nov 4. IB ran). 

Last year (91 1) finished 71 2nd to Faravoy Dancer 

4.10 INCHCAPE HANDICAP (£4,448: 5f) (9) 

501 040349 HI-TECH GIRL (DlWGmdeylCBnttair 4910.. 

M Roberta 5 

502 201901 AXE VALLEY (C-O) (R Barber) P Colfl 4910 

503 000002 CHAPUNS CLUB (B) (U5AHD) (P SartJ) □ W Chapman 6-99 

504 00100 L0CHT1UJUM (D) (J D-Home) J Dou^as-Home 7-941 

505 33200* CREE BAY (B) |D) (D Oseman) J Speanng 7-97 

506 090100 LAURIE LORMAN (D) (A Bmgley) M McCoul 4-9-6 — 

507 000000 KELL1TS ROYALE (C-O) (Mrs J Yamoid) C Nelson 4-95 

508 400400 ALL AGREED (C-O) (T Waterman) J Water 5-9* Peal Eddery 2 

B Thomson 7 

PCook 1 

J Reid 3 

511 0031-02 DMSSMA(T 

G Lews 4-7-1 1 . 

III L Thornes 9 

Z35 JARDINE MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-O fillies: £4,162: 7f) (10) 










22 BMTP, 


Ranier) B Hanbury 911 — 

it) P Cow 911- T Quinn 5 

- — 1 

(Faho Saknaji) P I 

(Mrs R Wraftxd) P Mitchsl 91 1 Paid Eddery 4 

Horqan) R Hannon 911 AMcGrine9 

(L Waid) C Britan 911 G Baxter 8 

GOLDEN BRAD (Sk M Sobef) I Baldaig 911 JMetliuasIfl 

I0ARARA |She*h Mohammed) J Din*op 911 P Cook 7 

LADY ARTFUL B McCarthy) M Fettwston-Gadey 911 AC«Hk3 

USIANTHUS (T Waterman) J Writer 9lf JRefcJS 

TOP WAK (W Grediey) B Hds HI B Thomson 2 

2-1 Dhnssima. 11-4 Axe Valley. 91 Laune Lorman, 91 tfe-Tech Girl. 7-1 Cree Bay. 
191 Chapfins Ctub. 12-1 others. 

Spacemafcer Boy (91 1) %l over ooweeand 
undwi 1 1 away 5th. KELLY'S ROYALE (93) a short 
frE? ^ c *"2? "ndLOCHTILUJM (98) nth 0412(13785. 

(95learfier beat Crete Cargo (92) w at Bath with ALL 
3W tMcKT^rtfSVxf: E2725. good. June Z 
16 ry). CHAPUNS CUI8 (10-0) neck second to Mr Jaz-Zee (B-81 at Rmon ffif. E2503. 

SeSSEL TSTEofcmP <1<M# 2 41 aw ®y m I 51 - £2S87 - firm. June 23. 9 ran). 

2-1 Bini Pasha. 11-4 Go Wen Braid. 4-1 (Garara, 13-2 Usranthus. 12-1 Top WBk, 
Glmt Of Giory. 291 French Platt 291 others. 


60 (B) 

( 11 ) 

301 1 2221-00 EFFIGY (D) (K AbduBal G Harwood 4910 ACM! 

303 9091012 KALKOUR (C-D)_(D Myers) M Haynes 4-92 WRgB5 

305 200292 AL-YABW p)(Hamd2fAM4ak»irt) C Benstead 4-912 

306 002-323 PROMISED ISLE (BF) (Eva Lady Rosebery) Lady Hemes 5911 — 10 

307 043320 RANA PRATAP (USA) (Mis G Thombeny) G Lewis 6-99 P Waldron 8 

312 900321 TRY TO STOP ME (A VWunson) Denys Smith 5911 (5ex>..__-. TQuimi 11 

) (Shaikh Morommsd) BHdsI 








313 212-100 HILLS BID (USA) (SheAh Mohammad) B His 3-95 B Thomson 7 

314 900000 ALL FAIR Dnsmore) P Hasten 594 TWWamal 



904214 FIREPROOF fD Marks) D Marks 9* - — 3 

2£ 5!S l S£S 2 .{ US ^U A Speelmanl G Harwood 90 A CM 4 

00 MR MOSS (Mrs A Rcfcarda) C Bnttan 90 G Baxter 2 

rSKSS Hannw 8- 9 -- B Thomaoi. 1 

°°5iS !^SL5iOHArsE(T Sweetman) M Btanshard 96 WNewees? 

*^32 BOOfHJMEHALfMrs G WVbb Bronftnan) J HntUey S-4 MHB95 

* TOfafTS (S Dmsmore) P Hastam 7-13 — T Wafiams 8 

09 PATRIOTIC (Mrs C Phritpson) M Prescott 7-li BCmsstey6 




003-300 RfS HJBM 

B^jHJtehards) C Brmam 4-7-13 

M Roberts 8 

■ ■ . GoqrhwiwHaL 3-1 Freproot. a-i Wakdsri. 91 Last Potonatse. 91 Burra 
Heights, 12-1 Melendez. 16-1 Mr Moss. 25- 1 Patnofic 

(T Stratton Smhti) D Lang_4-7-11 C Rutter (5) 2 


313 DALGADIYR (H H Aga Khan) M Stoute 3-7-9.. 

I L Thomas 3 

7-2 Kalkour. 4-1 DaJgadjyr, 92 Efftoy, 91 HMs Bid. 7-1 Promised Isle. 91 Al-Yatxr. 
191 Rana Praiap. 12-1 Try To Stop m. " 

14-1 others. 

'o Stop l 

7th behmdConvteced(9l1)at Royal Ascot <lm 4t). Lest 


season (99) short; 

11 rank KALKOUR (9-*) 3 second to Phardante (98) in Belg«jm (lm 3t. 

runner-up to Threw (7-7) (lm 4f , ES01 8. good. Oct 4. 
' '“ “ “I. firm), previousty 

/HISAlffH!) 1 

P 9 *rP W y s £ 1 jffl weakamng mta 7m. MR MOSS (901 we> behaw wiens 
^OtalSandO^ (1m 21. £3309. mxw to firm. June 13. 15 ran). LAST POLONAISE (8-3) 
l®: 51 - 31 Nolfingham on June 16 (1m Si. £1659. Ann). 
GOmmME HAL (90) 31 2nd ol 7 to In Dreams (90) at Beverley (2m. £1 1 60. good to firm, 

June 11). 





Going: firm 
Draw: 6f-1m, low numbers best 

2.15 LEO ROCHE MAIDEN BLUES STAKES (3-Y-O fillies: £2,966: 7f 
40yd) (16 runners) 

1 000 APHROSMA (890) Johnson) J Tree 911 Pat Eddery 15 

2 090 ASPARKlMraPSibesoniH Thomson Jones 911 AMumy14 

3 ATLANTIC PASSAGE (USA) (Mrs B Firestone) R Hofcnshe a d 911 SPwfa3 

« 4 BONNET TOP (USA) IP Brant) ODowaft 911 — 10 

80490093 CLEOFE(USA)(Mrs D ZurchefJL Cumani911 RGuestS 

9 0 DANESMOOR(J Hanson) GWragg 911 RH8b7 

11 0-«l00 DAVEMMA(MraJSavde)PK^»ray911 W Carson 4 

00 EMANCIPATED LADY (CAN) (Brook Boodstock pic) M PetheistonGorSay 



23 rSTSif&IES!*? tSummertalStud) E Ekfin 90 A Macfcay 2 

rn Paws) S HaB M K Hodgson 7 

00 ‘ c BMcMteion 90 W Canon 3 

WjCW TA SPflWOS (A Budge) Jimmy Fr 
ROSE OF TUDOR (Mrs J Duffus) J 

90 A Munay 9 

911 — — ID 

^19llGflto»^4-? Antnous. fl-2 Psalmody, 192 Summerhrtl Streak. 191 Wichita 
oprmgs. i«-i Ptw c t a s. io-i others. 









911 GSttefcoy 16 

FANDLLE ROSE (Dr P Moran) GHuller 911 MWteria 

0 HOOKED BID (CAN) (SheAh Mohammed) J Dunfcjp 911 P Rolmaon 11 

490 MILLRACER IUSA)(R Wilson jun)MJarris 911 TtveaS 

09 PMC PYJAMAS (JByng)J Dunlop 911 UBrdi 12 

42 SAtUZA(MrsHCamt»na>H Cedi 911 S Cauthen 1 

SUNDAY CHIMES (RSangsteriB Hite 911 — 2 

3-15 DEREK CRETCH HANDICAP (£3,150: 7f 40yd) (6) 

2 090030 MSHPOUR IP Hatsall) H Wharton 4-97 A Mackey 3 

5 Ltd) J Dunlop (Sen) W 1 

l ?S5S2 Bm,an M - 11 K D « to v 4 

8 M Wood 2 

16 000094 GREETLAND DANCER UWdhins) S Wites 4-7-10 A Proud 5 

17 000109 TOT O’ TIT LANE (C-D) tR Cootton) N Bycroh 97-10 LChamockB 

13-8 BoM PUfc 

Boy. ia-1 Top O' 

^WGratland Dancer, 4-1 The Mazaf. 91 tniahpour. 10-1 Baton 

3^5 METROPOLE TROPHY (3-Y-O: £6,992: 1m 2f 131 yd) (4) 

0 SYBtLLYfH By) C Booth 911 — 6 

: BELLE (T~ 

90 TRIXIE BBJJE (T Ramsden) M Ryan 911 - N Day 8 

92 Sarlza. 11-4 Cleofe. 7-2 Bonnet Top, 92 Davemma. 191 Aphroatna. 191 
FamAe Rose. Miflracer. 291 others. 

11 ARMADA tK ADduta) G Harwood 95 

21900 NORTH VERDICT (USA) (EHokte»)U Jams 91. 
229122 TOP GUEST (E Muter) GWragg 91 

G Stark ay 1 

Thus* 4 

001 ZUMURfflJOAH (USA) (Hamflan At-Maktouril H Thcariori" Jones 

912 A Moray 2 

913 Armada. 4-1 Top Guest 91 North Verdict. Zumumidah. 

Haydock selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Bonnet Top. 2.45 Geliser. 3.15 Bold Pillager. 3.45 Armada. 

4.15 Musical Chorus. 4.45 Niccolo Polo. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

2.15 Bonnet Top. 2.45 Summerhiil Streak. 3.45 Top Guest 4.15 
Musical Chorus. 4.45 Niccolo Polo. 

Michael Seely's selection: 3.15 BOLD PILLAGER (nap). 

4.15 ROGER PEAKE SELLING STAKES (2-Y-O: El ,465: 6f) (7) 



3100 HARRYHUtVTfJ Brown) J Beny 91... 

000 CREAM AND GREEN fT Harrington) K While 911. - 

004 HISS DISPLAY IS Mannlngl J S Wteon 9S -- . 

003 MUSICAL CHORUS (B) (G Blum) G Bum 98 A 

403024 SHARPHAVEN (M Bratan) M Bnttan 8-8 

000 SUNNY GIBRALTAR (7 Hansom) N Trtder 98 

..... M Fry 3 
_ AMacfcayS 

K Darter 6 
IGm Tinkler (5) 2 

00 SWALLOW BAY (Mrs T Parry) D Haydn Jones 8-0 S Courier 7 

15-8 Miss Display. 92 Many Hum. 100-30 Musical Chorus. 1 1-2 Sharphaven. 12-1 
Sunny Gibraltar. 191 Others. 

4A5 RAY GRIFFITHS HANDICAP (£2.934: 5f) (8) 

2.45 JOHN BARNES MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-O: £2,61 & 6f) (11) 




40 ALBION PLACE (FR1 (Hippodrome Ftaongl M H Eastorhy 90 - - J Lowe 8 

3 Aimnustu-MR Warden! UH Eastern 94 . M Birch 5 

2 GELTSER (K Abdulla) J True 90 . _ Pat Eddery * 


4 PHILOTAS (Lord Lamtton) Danys Smith 90 LCMtlKKkG 


(B)(90) (H H Ranetl S Cauthen 3-190 —2 

IT Drake) HNichote 99-5- NHowel 

32-0000 MANDRAKE MADAM (D) ID Knghta) Denys Smnh 3^-2 ■■ LChemocfc 7 
10-0200 RAMBL8K) RIVER (B)(C-P)|Mi9sGRichardsonlW A S^henson 99-1 —« 

233-000 SHOW H(MC jpi(l Tungdan) G Hutfer 4-91 ..... Tlves6 

2214-40 VSMEZ TRADER (D) (PBruM) J Ethenngmn 3-91 - A Many 5 

PSALMODY ruvd Derby) VYHasengs-Bass 90 s Cauthen 11 

__ imp 

8 903004 CHINA GOLD(D) (Mrs D IWwtSOnl f*ss L S*dd3l 4-912... 

9 0121-00 TAX-ROY (J Srauh) B McMahon 399 . 

94 Chan Gold. ii-4 Niccolo Polo. 4-1 Spacemafcer Boy. 91 Tax- Roy, 91 Venez 

Traow. 191 Stow Home 14-1 others, 

M Wood 3 
. _ S PerkaB 


17 090 ROYAL ROUSBI R Holtfisfiead92~ 

Going; firm 

Draw: 5f high numbers best 
HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £895: 1m 2f) (12) 

2 -300 HIGHEST MOTE G Bum 97 

4 0400 MISS BETEL (B)J Hama 97, 

'2-1 Trick Or Treat 91 John Saxon. 91 Royal Fan. 91. 

Sidons Daughter, 191 Nads Express*, u-i Run By Jowl 191 

Royal Reuser. 


5 0403 CHABUSSE 




10 900 OCTiGA MBrtttaki 90 


M Rimer 4 
M Birch 7 


0000 AUSSJEORL A Bafley97 MMBarlO 

-000 U CHULA (B)MMoOomiack 88 MWUamll 

0000 BAYVCWOAL Ron Thompson 94 RF Stott 2 

K Dailey 3 

12 4014 FOREVER YOUNG (C-D) GOUroyd 




14 090 CONNAUGHT BROADS JSpaariig 99 — OWchuRsI 

15 940 W0UDW BOB) Jimmy Fttzgeraid 

6-9 H Comoran S 

16 -000 MSS BBWKKC Gray M Uohnoa6 


1 -094 ADM1RAIS AIL J Winter 90 — T1ma9 

5 009 ffiVfY MEADOWS NTWdar 94).~ — . JH Brown(ST>1 
8 9 GRUNDY'S OWN-R HoNnahaad Mj_ , SR*A»7. 

10 0320 IS BELLO (USA)L Cumani 90.-J1 RGMeatT 

11 .00 PATraOCS STAR ^mmy Fltzgarato 9-0. R Brown (7) 12 

13 30 RHODE ISLAND RED JwVMtS 90 NC0a«iran2 

16 904 SARYAN N Cataghan 90 MMtar4 

19 923 SPARTAN VALLEY (USt^ B HIS 94) RMtof 








04 KRSUSNanon911- 

T Fafrhuat 911 , 

00 0URN00RAFDwr911. 


-J CMtogfhan (7) 14 

J Low* 13 

Logic, however, also -re- 
quires that oqly the. best 
international competitors go 
to ibe world Cham piimships- 
Scores at domestic contests 
are m variably inflated by the 
high marks achieved when 
fencing local talent winch 
bears no resemblance id the 
cut and thrust of fighting op 
the pistes overseas. •. 

It might well emerge, there- 
fore, that even the winner of 
this weekend's title fight at 
Milton. Keynes will not be 
guaranteed a place. for Italy. 

At the request of the Shorts 
Gounal drug control - will 
operate dmiug- the compel 
tion which is onceagain bring 
handsomdysponsoredby the 
City of MfltdR Keynes. 

35 -004 reiTURICCHM E hetsa 911 
38 PMZMJffiOLE R Whitaker 911 

9-4 Aussie GW. 1 00-30 Chabfisso. 4-1 Forever Young, 13-2 

La Chula. 191 Wofctw Bird. 12-1 Connaught Broads. 14-1 

11-4 Spartan Vatey. 10030 IsUeta. 4-1 AdmkalsAfl.91 
Rhode frriand, 9J Soryan. 191 Dosertod, 14-1 Kasu, 191 

Beverley selections 

By Mandarin 

6.45 Aussie Girl. 7. 10 Spanish Slipper. 7.35 John 
Saxon. 8.5 lsbello. 835 Bills Henry. 9.5 Rapid 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
6.45 Highest Note. 7.10 Alhayat 7.35 John 
Saxon. 8.5 Deserted. 8.35 Bills Hcniy. 

IL35 TROLLEY DASH STAKES (2-Y-O: £1,569: 7f 
100yd) (10) 


E Gant (3) 4 

2 0112 TEAM H=P0RT(BF) Ron -niompson 94. 

3 01 BUS HENRY R Boss 1 911 , 

must be 









Btfey I 

PRTHBlO NBwrowiG. 


PHARAOH BLUE C Britain 96 

TUBESON H Jgnas8-6. 

0 CALLAGE A Smith 8-3. 

Thus 8 


J BtoastotoS 

ByConradVoss Bark 

~ RRohireonl 


.5 Webster 7 

18 404 LACKOFPEARL5’RWoadhaU9a93~ AShoutt>(5)6 
IS 440 UGM7l4NGLEGBffl PKatevvay8-3 GayKflAaway^5 

13E BUS I 
Pharoah Blue. 10-1 

91 Tarn Effort 91 Lack A Style, 91 

Legend, 12-1 Condiarmere. 14-1 


Y-a E1^05:5f)(11) 

2 0001 8WCLAWIADY (D) G Ofaoyd 91 — - DWcbe teg 

4 401 EMMER GREEN (D) J Berry 911 — Gay KtRaway (51 2 

5 ALHAYAT R Boss 98 E Qiate (9)4 

6 4 DUBLIN B ELLE M Bnttagi 98 KDtetayll 

7 0 FDGETTY FEET P Calvw M . — MRyS 

9 2202 MMZHI LASS (BF) M Brfflair 98 — 1 

« H7TRAL MAGIC C Gray B-fl I Jgteaoa 3 

15 4 PRETTY SOON TFairtiurst 98 M BatCIOttl 

16 ROYAL SPECIAL B McMahon 98 

17 0 SCAWS8YLEES M W EasWby 98 K HwtoonT 

18 422 SPANISH SUPFBl W Hash 96 NDayU 


(£1,670: 1m 2f) (17) 

1 04)1 RAPVLAO 
3 0000 PARIS 



. 10 - 

^^lfC^FekhutM7-M_^JQS!^% l 7 
6 QOOO SENOA RAMOS (USA) (B) Ron Thompson 

444 If P BEott Ifi 

9 2832 PBISHMG (QJ LMh 9912 i_ M 

10 l)M GALUISBOSOlfp0)G Booth 9912 :R 

11 204) CAROL < SMU9C(tn A Jamas 5-911 

12 0010 COMMON FARM 13 MBrtoato 3-910 (6tt)KOartay 15 

5-2 Spanish Staper. 91 Smcfi w Lady . 7-2 emnar Grew. 

91 Dubin Bate. 91 Pretty Soon, MHzen Lass. 12-1 Alhayat 

14-1 otters. 

Tiro* 3 

7.35 GRANDWAYS HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £5.017: 


2 0020 JOWI SAXON MSfOUte 97 

5 914 TRICK OR TREAT JWWattS 9-4.. 

7 -002 SIDONS DAUGHTER A Jams 3-1 J 

10 001 ROYAL FAN MHEastetty 98 

14 1200 RUN BY JOVE (U SA] 

15 0034 NEDS EXPRESS* C 


_■ 99€KlnTtal<tora4 

15 0000 WC OIAE to ctei4-9G ' . . H BonerottT? 

17 0830 GLENDQ1RY (WC) H Jones 492 PRofalnaon 9 

19 2380 VERBADWG (QSu ,ffl)SNOROn 4^7-13 J Low* 11 

72 0W- S«ARTMARrW©M Camacho 7-7-8 M Ay 1 

23 0000 DALLAS SWTH(USA) (B) M Chapman 

Concern is growing about, tin 
fotaredf angling and the priifee- 
tNW of .the eimrOBineiit jT the 
Government's' proposals to pri- 
; ratize the water industry, go 
tfarougb —mended. KA'tte 
National Anglers' Coancfl, Trim 
represent, about four miltiau 
game, sea and eoarse fishamn, 
and the Country Landowners' 
Association -have- cone ‘ np- with 
alternative plans. - 
Tlw simplest plan seems to be 
theCLA's, who say they wfllaot 
oppose the safe of waters 
and dHtribotion and sewagri 
disposal; so hmg. as 
mental pridectioa remains vndsr 
public control- They suggest that 


„ DNietiotel 
M Birch 4 


24 0008 SOUND WO WjDy W Bgy 4-7-9 LCheroadra 

25 009 SOVEREIGN CELLAR Mss CSiddBl 974 

26 983 ROYAL EXPORT W C Watts. 97-8 

— 5 

5 Norton 8-5 JLomS 

89 M WoodB 

94_RapkJ Lad. 7^2 Parsfmo. 4-t Common Fana 91 
kn. 10-1 Vertradtng, 791 Genderry. 

Mj{£]ty Supreme, .91 Elarim. 

14-1 others. 

Brighton results 

3J (e^J^WND LADY (M HUs. Evens 

Going: good 

2.15(61)1. LADY BEHAVE (A MOGtone. 

ts Future (N Gdnnortofl, 11-2) 
i Stogh (Kim TinWor. 11-2 
«; 6 Seaton GUI (4th). U 

Countess Bree 

Z MWMi-My (G Stanley. 391): 3, 
hoe (J Rato. i0-t). ALSO RAN: 

911 fav Morning Flower (I), 12 Say 
. 20 Sands Of Trim (4th). 6 



WNl (5th). — --.-j. . 

1 Y|l. nk. 21. SOL R Hannon at Maritorewoh. 
Tote: E3-40: £1.60. £2.40. OF: SaLOO. 
CSF: £53.31 No official times. Alter a 
Stewarts' inquiry the result stood. 


2. The 

RANTfiiBue Steel (4tt). HalYSth)! 8 Mus 
Comedy. 9 Firet OrtW. 1 0 Sequcblraixxv 
Sir Speedy. 1* Roekvtfle Squaw I Sift). 20 
Grosvenor Court. 33 Testarassa. 12 ran. 
VjL II. m %L W- H wm at 
LougtoonHiglL Tote: E7J0: £1.80. £1.70. 
El?rtl. DfT? 12.40. CSF: £47.00. Winner 
bought m for 3.100 ya. 

3.15 gm) 1. MEET THE GREEK <P 


a nrlnr ■■■ 


ALSO RAN: 6 Seaton GW (4th). 
Bnarquaen, n Bingo Queen, 12 
Absatoue Heaven (Sen). 14 Broon's 
Answer (fitt). 33 SonowfuL 9 ran. nk. 2L 
2L2lil 21&I, J Writer at Newmarket. Tote: 
£2:40: El. 2a EI^O, £1.10. DF: £3^*0. 
CSF: £922. Sold to Ft Stubbs 2J300 gns. 
330 dm. 41) 1. HYOtON (T Wtttems. 92 

tev);ZRegelStato(ACultafte. lOCWtR:! 

' ORAN:! 


I fav): 2- Anwao (W Newms. 

Loom (4th). 25 Pans Match, 33 Don 
Martino, Ttatchmgly (6th). Bran. nk. KL5L 
2'.«. 21. D Lamg at Lamtwum. Tote: EZfO: 
£1.70, £1.60. E1 j«. DP: £520. CSF: 

X4S dm an 1 . PELLWCOURT IT Qumn. 
13-8 fav ); Z Voracity (WRSwktoum. 19 

S^S5?:SlSsF s »ivi': 

1 wi. 1«. IS. R Ahehura al Epsom. Tote: 
E2JS0; DF: £220. CSF: £4.68. 

Bardwetl. 91): 2. Gershwin (A Ctark.10- 

hnrosU (L Chamodc. 91J. ALSO RAN: 3 
PastGiones (4tti), 7-2 Buddow W (5tt). 5 
ran. 1 7>L 3L II. 2L D Moriey at NewmariceL 
Tote: S3JS0: £120. £1 .40. DF: £320. CSF: 
£ 10 . 12 . 

42 (50 1. MURPHY'S WHEELS (D 
Nidious. 198 lav); 2. Bnydn Pack (Jim 
B owfcer. 7-1); 3. Loch Form (M Birch. 19 
2L ALSO HAN: 100-30 SummertW Spruce 
(61b).' 9 Sowwnete f4tb). 10 Itortland 
bancar. 14 Hdtoumes Katie, 25 Mt&S 
’ Tautan (SthL 33 La Manga Prance. S ran. 
1W. hcL 41. 21 . il A Jarvto at Royston. 
Tote: £220: £120. £2.40, £1.7tt DF: 
£10.70. CSF: £1455. 

42011m If 80yd) 1. DESERT OP Wnm 
(P Rambten. 11-2): 2. Anew (W Ryan. 9 
13 lev): 3. SohadtR HKs. 92) ALSO RAN: 
7 Riva Ronald (Mil. 12 Bob Wether. 20 
Lucky West (StfiL The Hough (4ttL 33 
Matmo. 50 Brundean Breeze, The Rusk. 
Travel Home. GaMmes. 12 ran. IL 7L 2S4L 
3t. UJL L Cumani at Newmarket. Tote: 
£5.20: £120. £1.10. £1.19 OF: £2.60. 
CSF: £10.09. 

More evening racing 

'The . Jockey Club have en- 
dorsed the increasing popularity 
of evening racing by adding .20 
new meetings to next year’s 
calendar. As a result there will 
now be 123- evening fixtures in 
1987.- an increase of 30 on this 
year, ten of which have been 
rescheduled -from the afternoon. 
The number of fixtures will now 
increase to over 1.000. 

water abstract ion . . poflutfoa, 
fishery development amt Htsi 
protection shonld :be the 
responsibility of vegjenal river 
basin m a na g emen t boards. Tins 
would avoid the obvious dangers 
of transferring these functions to 
organizations whose primary 
motive would he the nan°g of-' 
profit. _ ,r ; . 

Goodwood weights 

3-10-0. Si Signor 4-913. Steal Cfflrh 
’ WO, Ptt 

(nsnder-9910, Pvlytoata- 4-9-7. Sharp 
Romance 4-S-6. Amlsi Loco 5-9-5, Orient 
3-9-5, Nashia 3-9-4. Sundaed 3-9-3, 
London Tower 3-93. AtetfAtaH 3-93. Our 

Dynasty 992. Polly Daniste -492 
fcfaadw Star 4-9* .Phftp 4-91. riyertai 
Jada 4-91. Meteoric 3-90. Maw Brown 

9913. Ho Mi CMnh *913. Ardrox Lad 9 
910, Our Jock 4-910. Bridge Street Lady 
999. Owhara Ptaca 4*8. Matou 999. 
ATfrtJi 998. Young Inca 998. Tducft Of 
Gray 3-8*. Mummys Favourite 3-98. 
TUuh 3-97. Hi-Tach Girl 4-97. Blue &ad 
'Boy3-97.Sa4ors Song 4841. In Fact 3-9 
6, Boon Emily 998. Princa Sky 44-6. 

toi (A Clark. 19 

. (J Lowe. 11-4) 
(N C o nnormn. 11 

ALSO RAN. 3 fav Fremont Boy J* 
Dataware River (5ttK 6 Lrrrlwi StanflWjB 
Roman Ruler (Btti), Ruseafl Ry». MTha 
Batctitor. 9 ran. 31, nk. 1IJ,ll.2J. ABateyat 
Newmarket. Tots: £1190: £1.90. £2^0. 
£2.50. DF: £4380. CSF: £72.09. 

445dm 21) 1. ASK MAMAjJRWd.91): 

54 (1m It) 


fav). ALSO RAft: 7 Baknerfero (4tti). 10 
ScWWator (Stfi). 12 BoU Answer, CJ»ar- 
fulTriws. Keep Cool (6tt). 16 Hot Lining. 
33 Mohican. 10 ran. NR; HeUo Benz. J ft 
2L %L 141. 41. M Prescott at NawmarkeL 
Tote: £310: £130, £2.10. £1.10. Oft 
£6.70. CSF: £1438. Tricost £2938. 
Ptacepot £330. 


J Dtrtw^t^Stoel. ' roto. E8 ; 90: £1.7CL 
£1 SO. £1 80. DF. £730. CSF: E322& 
Placopot C82JS 


Going: f«m 

230 |8f) t. WABARAH (A Miaray. 913 
!. or roibwm fr Wihflms, 7-1). 3. 

ftvfc 2. 

Kale's Image (D Cosoy. 92). ALSO RAN: 
10 Museveni (Mi) 4 ran. 1KI. 11. 41. H 
Thomson Jones at Newmarket Tote: 
£1^0. DF: £290- CSF - E4.86. 

Murray again 

Wabarah. 13-8 on for the 
Walton Stakes at Carlisle yes- 
terday. proved a worthy 
favourite. Tony Murray, gaining 
his 18th winner of the season, 
gave Wabarah an easy time 
early on as ihe filly was dearly 
feeling the ground, but swept 
through to lead one and a half 
furlongs out 

Blinkered first time 


SUBm98-4. Tyrota 4-8-4.Ddhdng Lad*. 

PWteCtTfting ±83. Raspoct 993. 
FJvirarey Mu '993. Pedro Pto 993. 
Ocaan Trader 3-8-3. Lauds Lotmen 4-8-3. 
Oh Boyar- 3-92. Shwputto 992. 
towtow 7-8 -Z WS Georgs 7-91. 
Wanton Dan . 991, Grenn Rutt '991. 

SjM. AU AmMd 990. Native 
Sto/WL Oumta Reef 990. TTanrtash 
7-7-13. Satiapour 3-7-13. 



OmttMern 4-7-10. Bdd Fort 7-7-10, Goto 
Pfostoa 4-7-9. Msh Gookte 4-7-8. Sew 

Hl^97-fl. Puccini 4-7-7. Catteraies «M 


HAYDDCK: 2.15 Aphrostoa. 
BEVSILEY: 95 Smart Mart. 

.Rlwere Scene 97-7.1 
7.^ 97-7. Throne Of Gtary5-7.7;Gten 
K«fla Manx 5-7-7. Show Horae 974. 
SoonTo Be 1 97-8. Bertie Wooster 975. 
Dw4fl4-M. Sudden impact 4-7-4, 0. 
WHBam 97< jMractoa Take Time 4-75*. 
Comcfarm 97^ . Derry RKwr 97-3, Ri 
gj^rt 4-7^. Sate Custody 4-7-2. Stent 
MafOTO 97-Z Camus Whisper 97-0, , 
Young Jason 9911 . Mendicfc- Adventure 
59*11. Bsocko 3-910. Ftotnegas Dai 
9B. Shades Of Eau*598,TlMSw(teJ 
5- To be run at Goodwood. July 29. 

.The CXA,' -with their 4&M» 
mem bers, farmers as well as % 
estate landowners, have ah fa* 
flnential lobby ‘in Whitebtt: 
They can mount considerable 
opposition in RarKuwst-tO any 
proposal theydonMappiOTe.S9 
too . 'can . the' an gling orgm tiza- 
tions wfaanhejrpnt tbesrmfad fa 
•t- This time they sound 

_Tbe National Angers' Gmh£ 
ca say ftp Government moat 
8M«mee safeguards far fish*, 
eics m the water mdnstiy or 
fajy will oppose privatization. 
^Complete protection new aad 
in the fature is needed and 

oothiiif; less wiU he acchpUMe." _ 
The NAC want respo ns iliffity 
for sport fisheries to be mo*d: 
from the Ministry of Agricahane 
to the Department of the 
Environment and. though they 
wnuW accept that the pisiposed 
private water -companies would 
take over sport -fishing; there 
would have to be stringent 
safeguards with overall control 
from Whitehall and regional 
fishery committees, whose 
chairmen would be eivea a seat 

on ti»c wa ter companies'* board of 
directors. The cost of enforcing 
fishery regulations should be 
borne by the 

-This is a less radical proposal 
than theCLA's. It remains tobe ' 
"hethera complete' d i vorce 
between environmental protf f - - 
tion and water supplies becomes ' 
nrore attractive fa ttecohsaltai-^ 

twns which are to cootfone in tbe 
comi^. months.' 


I. '* * 




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W ^nior 3j2J° r ifc *! 1 

fitter Hirt 

*»t *tvk i-oS'^S 
•aff- .-. n.-T ,id ftrb.3 



— .... THE TIMES FRIDAY JULY 4 1986 



• Gatting to the rescue 
J : after India take 

• first two for no runs 

'^JJtSiS’rar-to _ ^ 




-^considerable innings by 
tgiiing came just when he 
Unfftngland needed it in the 
Wtrd* Test -match against In- 
sponsored by CombiH, 
yesterday. He made an un- 
eaten. 141 out of a score of 
Wmofsix, anda day that had 
oegun by threatening further 
disaster for England ended 
wih the feeling that their run 
ofcdefeais.was ending. 

'■?; After “Gatting bad won the 

jf winging in Benson. 
Radford and Foster, England 
took to 19 the number of 
Players to have appeared for 
them in the three Tests against 
India, a sure sign of how 
unstable things have been. In 
winning his first cap Benson, 
of Sutton Valence, joined 
Gower of King’s. Canterbury. 
Downton and Tavare of 
Seven oaks and Christopher 
Cowdry and Ellison of 
Tonbridge as old boys of the 
public schools of Kent who 

-rm a hrinivi auiuuu of iveni wno 

of tave played for England in the 
SiWfSSSFSKS?: last couple of years. Come to 

i 2S2 5 * wicI 


! berns TSO 

SsPSSfF jasssf-aas 

A and Albc y were oul al once 

d^nst Aus^ha at LonTs m playing poor strokes. Both 

tanHKinWi h i^ ,fjL and wcre caught at the wicket off 
tetnjitsmnj i were the batsmen out swineer* Aih^v’e Ivin o 

BrootJioiiV' 'I 0 G&. 


m«Md c. 

r more ccacn th an Sf* 

The «wn .. 

' ihc v*. -^7-, 

r «j.^>?ci25 

. e«i > *C2ard»- ir* 
nNndabcuia. * 


cuiit'n V 

v. ‘—IT 

Jfr s-ibia^ 

high ru.v 

TCriJ :Vz' 
bear* -o “rtc--. , 

0*1 *r.£ :-r JS ; 
the ' ■’* 

J? -n.r- ».*: erg% ^, 


M:i!- x- A"! f i 

Cv^i x ■ 

s<W74b x: cm 

*: :, M. •;.{.. K:.ra " 

must be 

B> < enrad \u*i>B3t 

t OBK^r'T* !' tj' -1 *!-! iW- 

tomt'h-i'- -satf*!* 

nsv re - ;irr t^irrrcc: c2 

T»rirr «i’fr I’Ki??* 



~ i T''. r !^ 5 cra 

g««K. va j 
M tf t*t Crrr-n 

-firfSti! n- r 

^mrrir i h i ViU - • rt 

^ .‘^^52 

0 uL and last against Pakistan 
aC Hyderabad in 1972-73 
ftben. Amiss and Denness 
<gbs.“ Yesterday Gooch was 
in the. first over and Athey 
iifthe third, both to Kapil Dev 
whose opening spell of 9-5-8-2 
&Hs a splendid piece of bowl- 
ftiglri -which he swung the ball 
laie and a Iol 

SX5dwer then - marked his 
Atiini-to the. side with 49 . 
made while the pitch was still 
fifsh and the ball new; Pringle 
shared m a partnership of 96.- 
&td-Emburey in another of 94 
ft>-btily^69 balls! Without any 
G^‘e of, thenv England could 
finished with another 
wholly madefHialfi total. But it 
was Ganing's day. 

«£k >*3 . lunchtime until he 
inched bis -hundred 25 min- 
utes after -tea be played bril- 
fairly crashing the 
fgSter.. bowlers - through the 
cpyers, . making ground to the 
spinners, twice to hit them 
tack over their heads for six, 
add presenting, when he bad 
tbf*a very solid defence. His 
orik blemish came when he 
had -made: only four, a snick 
off=Sbarma whistling at catch- 
i<^‘ height - between the 
wj&kelkeeper and first slip. To 
the end of the day his judge- 
ment and: confidence helped 
afKth&se Who tatted with him 
to play well. His hundred was 
hjs. fifth for England and his 
second/ ' :jn succession in 

If that speaks well for the 
coaching down there, Gooch 
and Athey were out at once 
playing poor strokes. Both 
were caught at the wicket off 
out swingers, Athey’s being so 
wide that he would have been 
much better off not playing al 
it So there we were, with two 
of England's five specialist 
batsmen gone without a run 

ENGLAMk Rrat IftnfeMg 

Q A Gooch c Mora b Kapa Dov___ 0 

M B Hwhiib bH—hdw 21 

CWJMhwc Mora b Kapil Dev— _ 0 
0 r Gower bw b Starma m 

U W Clotting not out 141 

0 R Pringle e Amemath b Shnstrf—. 44 
J E Enburay c Shastri b Maninger™ 38 

NiPmhuirtm 13 

Extras Rb 8, nto 3) .——9 

Tots! (6 wkts) 315 

FALL OF WtCXETS: 1-0, 2-0, 341, 4-88, 

BOWUNG: Kapfl Oev 21-8-58-2; Binny 
ICM-33-C^honno 21-1-107-1; Maningef 
24-2-66-2: ShMtri 14-1-45-1. 

on the board. Poor Athey's 
nought was bis eighth single 
figure score in his nine Test 

It was no coincidence that 
India were held up by two left 
handers. Benson and Gower. 
Rather than leaving the bat 
Kapill’s swing was now com- 
ing into it But he was still a 
stiff proposition. In the 25 
minutes that it took Gower to 
get off the mark he was 
constantly hit'on the pads. At 
once, ceriainly. it must have 
been touch and . go whether 
Umpire Bird gave him leg 
before to KapilL Benson 
looked the sounder.- not least 
because he playsstraighter. He 
had not had long to waif 
before finding out what iris 
like to be in the thick of an 
England crisis. 

But Benson played hi< 
game, which has an encourag- 
ingly phelgmatic look to it and 
Gower began to find his touch 
and when Sharma replaced 
Binny, There were runs to be 
had on the leg side. It came as 
something of a surprise, in 
fact, when, in the third over ol 
spin, Benson played down 
quite the wrong line to 
Maninden. He managed some- 
how to play inside a ball that 
hit his off stump. At lunch, 
after 28 overs, England were 
87 for three. 

In the second over after- 
wards Gower was leg before to 
Sharma aiming to leg. In eight 
overs during the morning, 
Sharma had been hit for 50 
runs. But ■ Kapill kept him 
going and was rewarded for 
doing so. For the next hour 
and three quarters Pringle 
stayed with Gatling, another 
useful contribution to add to 
those that he made-in the first 
two Tests. The ball before he 
was out, caught at deep square 
leg. he had pulled Shastri in 
the same direction for six. 

Talks halt 


ite - - 


I n r ii— * i ^ 5 VVrvW’isS 

;• • - 2 I . • • • 14 ‘ ’ • 

Growe in full flight is 
iomuimisl^ dangerous 

a, /ByJft'oTfebbaiat short ofa.cenuiry when Chil 

L ■_ _7L ■ . : ’ tiimwl nnA cnffiriArttlir fA lv 

CHEL.MSFP.RD: Essex, -with 
six second innings wickers in 
■ hBMtflaahhe'New Zealanders 
bv 40- runs, 

-A classy century in 141 min- 

shbrt of a. century when Childs 
turned one sufficiently to beat 
his defensive push. He had been 
in for 224 minutes, 38 of which 
were spent in the 90s, and 
included fourteen boundaries in 

By Keith Mack! in 

The Indian women cricketers 
are blossoming in the sunshine, 
on a perfect wicket and fast 
outfield at Stanley Park, Black- 
pool, against a backgroand of 
peaceful compromise. 

Overnight there had been 
threats by die team that they 
would refuse to play the second 
international, after allegations 
against them of time-wasting 
and a slow over rate in the first 
match at Headinglcy. 

However, a meeting between 
team managers, officials and 
umpires, reached agreement 
that an over rate of around 16 an 
hoHr would be expected and that 
the match wonld be played 
“according to the true spirit of 

India's openers Gargi Banerji 
and Sandhya AggrawaJ pro- 
duced an partnership of 108, 
which started brightly, but be- 
came slow. Banerji was even- 
tually out for 60 to a fine slip 
catch by McConway rdf May. 

Aggrawal, who occupied ' the 
crease all day, ground oat a doll 
121 not out at dose of play, 
leaving India, 250 for two 

Gatting: puts teeth into England (Photograph: Chris Harris) 

Confident Harden has 
Kent reeling in heat 

By Richard Streeton 

Maidstone Somerset with One 
second innings wicket in hand, 
lead Kent by 366 runs. 

A maiden championship hun- 
dred by Richard Harden, who is 
only 20 . underlined his growing 
reputation yesterday as he 
helped Somerset establish a 
strong position. In hot. humid 
conditions, and on a wearing 
pirch. Harden seemed un- 
troubled as the ball moved 
about freely. 

All day. runs were seldom 
easy lo come by. but Harden, 
with handsome strokes, cleanly 
struck, batted without error for 
three hours. He and Marks 
turned the game Somerset’s way 
with a fifth wicket stand of 123 
in 30 overs. 

- Harden’s confidence was 
exemplified in the manner in 
whickhc reached his century. At 
89 he off-drove a six against 
Underwood, followed with a 
single, and then pulled a four 
against Penn. Both Harden and 

ktruuj j iu t-r i iiiik- u - • 

ufo-by Mania. Growe, ih© 

by a New Zealander this tour. ^wfth 

r,.hct^n,:«i nthor mninoc hv sconng 63 in 124 minutes with 

All hail for Bail’s 174 

and substantial other innings by 
the upper order, entertained 
another good crowd yesterday. 
Those-scores and the dismissal 
of fouElEssex batsmen, including 
Border. . jgave them a good 
chance oLachieving today their 
fijjst victory over a county side. 

• Crowe’s scores on this tour 
h3ye l^efl 70. 2, 78 and now 1 00 
ndf om. On this firm pitch he 
h$d n& difficulty in driving the 
gqbd-lengxh ball through the 
cdyers- arid finding the mid- 
wfeket. -boundary, even though 

sconng bJ in minutes wiw 
eight fours before skying a pull 
off Topley, who was finding bis 
task rather harder than bowling 
10 county opposition at, say. 
Ilford. With Crowe in the mood 
he was in. ii hardly mattered 
who was on. 

One of the features of his 
batting is the number of bound- 
aries he hits early in an innings. 
This was the case at Arundel 
and at Lords’ this week. When 
he reached his hundred, which 
included 18 fours, the New 
Zealanders, who could well have 

thtfWfield was ptfihed back. “Va Sr™ K 
1 3£2E&E^3E1^ decided^o declare/™ 

continue m this vein when the 

All the New Zealanders who 
go*'" iii..* looked in ominously 
good- form: Edgar and Wright 
lo&k their first-wicket partner- 
shfo- ri> 131 in 151 minutes. 
Edfear hit seven fours in 51 
before he was taken at the wicket 
b)k£asL standing up to Turner. 

Wright, who was square cut- 
111 ?^ Savagely, was four runs 

Canterbury: Kant 354 for sewn dac (S 

Wnnhton: Northants 357 (.A FOrUtiain 
1557 o Hatecfc four tor 91) «Jtl S3 for no 
wkts: Derhystnre 261 (A M Brown 87: S 
Brown five lor 28). 

York: Noltmghamaiure 254 for e*gw dec 
(G Hafoma S) and 11 for one: Yoifcslwe 
456 & six dec (P E Robfoson rSl not out 
R J Btakey 87, S Ketea S8k 

By Alas Gibson 

It was Bail’s day at Lord’s, 
and from the moment he came 
in on Wednesday evening, he 
looked very much like a man 
determined to make his mark by 
scoring a cemury in the Univer- 
sity match. He did indeed make 
one of the famous University 
match centuries. and 
yesterdaygave much pleasure. 

He is a tall man, air, with a 
strong cover-drive, and a power- 
ful pulL and his 1 74. out of 269 
for six. must cause some trem- 
ors among the Somerset bats- 
men. if indeed he decides to pass 
his life in that, direction. 

He seemed to be able to deal 
with any type of bowling with 
equal nonchalance (not that the 
Oxford bowling offered much 
variety) and I was surprised that 
Cambridge did not declare when 
he got out although Golding 
was going we]]. 

The pitch played comfortably, 
as it has done throughout the 

match, the weather was blessed 
with a cooling wind in the 
evening, the crowd even more 
liny than Wednesday's. But it 
was a pleasure to be there, and 
to see Bail announce his taJenL 

Meyer and Atkinson and Roe- 
buck. all that Midfield lot, must 
be proud. He is another example 
of Meyer's dictum to his pupils: 
"You come to this school to 
excel — in something” 

I was even more surprised 
that Cambridge did not declare 
when Golding was out. banging 
his bat vexaiiously on the 
ground after just missing his 50. 
The tail-cnders did something to 
improve a rather slow scoring 
rate. The declaration finally 
came, just before six. at 330 for 

So Oxford are left with no real 
chance of victory, but with a 
grim hope of batting it out. A 
county captain who behaves like 
this would be admonished by 
his committee. 

Marks were finally caught at 
deep point. 

Somerset’s innings began 
poorly. Roebuck was out to a 
spectacular catch by Paul 
Farbrace. the Kent second team 
wicket-keeper, substituting for 
Marsh, who bruised a hand 
earlier while batting 

Farbrace. who is 18, and was 
bora at Deal, was summoned 
from a game at Canterbury. He 
flung himself to the right, and 
took a low snick from Roebuck 
in front of first slip. Two balls 
earlier, he had missed a difficult 
chance offered by Felton, who at 
22 . though, was held at first slip. 

For the second time in the 
match. Richards hinted at a 
punishing stay. He had already 
taken 14 runs from the first four 
balls ofan over by Penn when he 
squarrcut a catch from the last 
hall straight into the hands of 
deep poinL Penn took a good 
return catch soon afterwards to 
dismiss Rose. 

Kent's innings was prolonged 
until shortly after lunch, with 
Underwood for 23 overs, doing 
his utmost to outdo Dredge the 
previous day. Garner took his 
time to find his rhythm, and 
then dismissed both Cowdreys 
to quash any likelihood of a 
Kent middle order recovery. 

Without a brave innings from 
Taylor. Kent would have been, 
in dire straits. Taylor has be- 
come an accomplished no.4 
batsman. For two hours and a« 
quarter, he hit hard against 
anything loose before be was 
eighth out. 

Marsh, the nightwatchman. 
stayed half-an-hour when Kent 
resumed at 58 for 3. and was 
then caught off his glove at 
s/ion-Ieg. Chris Cowdrey edged 
his second ball to Richards at 
second slip, one of three sharp 
caichcs there, that the West 
Indian made look easy. Graham 
Cowdrey pushed forward 
opiimsiically. and was leg- 


Gloucs v Yorkshire 

i- - 


GLOUCESTERSHIRE: First Imtfws 246 (K* 
M Curran 61; P W Jams 4 for 75). 

. Second Innings 

A J Wright tow 0 Jarvis — 4 

A w StuvoM o Fletcher g 

■PBainbridQe-cJannsbShaw — 9 

J WLW»dac Love b Shaw a 

K M •■Curran fa FWcher - 

M <V AUayne run our — J; 

1 R,C RusseH c Carrick fa Fletcher — 33 

l RPaype Ibw b Shaw — ■■■ S 

0 V Lawrence c Boycott bJajvjs — 13 
C A Walsh si Bairetow b Camck - - S£ 

G E Salisbury dot out — *7 

£xtras (fo4,w .1| 

-Total 173 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-2. 24. 84ft, £38. 
S-38. M3: 7-86. 8-102. 9*123. 10-173. 
BOWUNG' Jarvis 

3-58-3: Stew lM-39-3:Camck 13<F8-t. 

Lefcs v Hampshire 

LeffiSTERSHtRE- First JorWJ«313 for 3 
dec<P Willey . 172 npt out P Bowler 1QD 

4 • second IroWKB _ 

LftfflflrcPafksbMarsnaH “ 

R ACobb noi out .-.■■■ * 

•P WiHey Ibw fi - " 

JP'fcgnawc Parks bMarshall - 

jpftgnswet'ancu"™**' 4 

J Whdaker.not out — — g 

fxnas.llbS. wl.nbZ] — 

Total (3 wkts! 

FALL OF WJCKE1S: 1-4. 2-1 6 - 3-16 

r - tfAMPSHIR&F'rStlnnmgs 

V PTerry Ibw b Agnew gg 

? u L l3CK J c'Sb8S,a™::3j 

R ASmitb b Taylor - d9 

YORKSHIRE: First innings 

•M C J Nicholas C D UflJlJanin* - ^ 

R A&nitb b Taylor - 4g 

D R-Tumer b 47 

KOtJames- fa Taylor 6 

MD Marshall btayto»_ • •• ••••••- 37 

NOCOwteycGHb 12 

tR 2 Parks not out- % 

T MrtrBnUett not oot 3 $ 

Extras ID 8 . 2) I2.n0 16) 

Total (7 wkts dec) — 

CA-Connor trot®! tot 
Scots at 100 overs* 279 for 1 . 

FAL1 OF WICKETS, t-0. 2-70. 3-715, 4- 


Orft 1 5-5-3&^l . Bowfer 1 - l-M. 

Bonus poms; 

Uwfms-d» Hams and C coot 

G Boycott c Bambrfdge fa Lawrence 8 

M D Mtacm 0 Balnbndge 55 

A A Metcalfe Ibw fa Lawrence 0 

K Sharp b Batnbndga 71 

JD Love cRussen fa Lawrence 9 

PW Jarvis c Curran fa Lawrence 10 

S N Hartley c Wright 0 lawrertoe J 8 

tDLBairetowc Curran b Payne — 43 

P Carrtck runout = — <3 

CSShowbWalsh 0 

S 0 Fletcher not otn -J 

Extras (fa 12. b 18 . w 4. nb i2» — 48 

Total (82J overs) 269 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-33. 2-35. 3-1 IT. 4- 
142. 5-176. 6-190. 7-193. 6-348. 5-255. 10- 

BOWUNG Wateh 25-7-51-1; Lawrence 
24-3-84-5: Payne SMMB-1; BartaUge 
13-4-32-2 Samsbury 14^44-0. 

Bonus prints: Gloucs 6. Yorkahtre 7. 
Umprres: K Palmer and 0 R Shepherd. 

Kent v Somerset 


SOMERSET: First Innings 249 
■ second fonmgs 

N A Fe«on c Tavare bAIC^rn^i 6 

•p M no*** c «* ib £*rman — - ^ 
R J Harden c Astett b Pem ^ 

I V A Ricmius c Asjett b Penn 

B CRo5C cand b Penn n 

V J Marks 6 AsWt 6 Perm — - — ■ ■ ■ ■; ■ 

J C AtWnSon c Tavare b Underwoo d . 16 
c H Dredge c Hlrta b Underwood 1 

fT Sard b Penn ™ 

j Gamer not out — 0 

Extras (ib 4- wL 1 * 4 )' 

FaOOFWCWETS: MO. 2^3^, 4- 
^i^ SrZtS. 7-730. 8-235^254. 

KENT: Bret Innings 



?M Alderman C0o»b Marks 8 

A P iqdesden not«jt . — l3 

Total (53.1 overs) 133 


Essex v New 

. ESSEX: Rrstlnnin«307-tdPSt»pten3gi 
63; P R Pritchard 65; Bracewril 5 for 1 10). 
Second innings 

Gladwin c Coney b Barrett 12 

Stephenson b Gray 33 

. Prichard st Biamb Gray 14 

A R Border eBttnb Gray 14 

K R Pont 7 

TDToptey — ... 0 

Extras (4 a 2 nb) — — - 6 

Total (4w«s) 86 

tD E East S Turner. I L Pom. JH Childs. 
-DLAcfieM. tobat. 

FALL OF WICKET S:1 -47. 2-47. 366. 4- 
Overnight New Zealand 79 for no trirt 
New Zealand Arm mrengs com. 

J G Wright 0 Childs 96 

B A Edgar c East b Turner — SI 

K R Rutherford c Pochard b Topley _ 63 

M D Crowe not out 100 

J J Crowe not out — 21 

Extras (lb 16. nbfi) — — — — ■ 22 

Total 3 wkts dec 353 

*J V Coney. E J Gray, tT E Btain, J G 
Bracawell. D A Starting, B Barren, rid not 

FALL OF WCKET&I -131 . 2-194. 3-244. 
BOWUNG: I L Pont 13-2-49-0: Topley 21- 
2-69-1: Turner 19466-1: Adiekf26-l6- 
54-0: Crtlds 24-6-74-1: Border 3-1-8-0; K 
R Pom 4-1*17-0. 

Umprts: D J COBstmtand J H Hampshire 

Camb U v Oxford U 


OXFORD UNtVEftStrf: First Innings 187 
(DA Thome 61: JE Davidson 5 lor 57). 
Second mnings 

D A Hagan not out ... 4 

AAG Meec Bail bDawdaon 0 

M J Kflbom not out 18 

Extras (1 fo.lnbl _2 

Total 24 


CAMBM0GE UNtVERSnY: First fortfVta 

p A Bail tow fa Rydon — 174 

M SAWuwata Ibw b Thome — — — 9 

O J Fall fow b Rutriagur 22 

D W Browne c Crae b Ruma^rr — 2 

■D G Pnce tow b Thome 0 

A ELsac Lawrence b Dawson- 19 

A K taOtdflig b Dawson — — 47 

tA D Brown b Dawson ^.4 

JE Davidson not oul 41 

AMGScottnotout 1 

■ Extras (lb 7. w 3, nb 1) J1 

Total (8 wkts dec) — 330 

C C Enoon tfld not bat. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-37. 2-83. 3-97, 4- 
100. 5-171. MSS. 7-280. 8-289. 
BOWLING- Thome 32-11-42-2: Rydon 21- 
4 -S 9 - 1 : Rumagur 26-3-®- 2; Dawson 28-4 
92-3- Lawrence 10-2-31-0. 

UmpriBKM J Knchen and 0 OOslear. 

Glamorgan v Sussex Derbyshire v Worcs 


SUSSEX: First Innings 351 tor 3 dec (A M 
Green 179.PWG Parker 75). 

Second Immgs 

A M Green few b Base 15 

D K Starving Ibw b Base 3 

D A Reeve not out 7 

PWG Parker not oot 1 

Extras (101] - 1 

Total (2 wkts) 27 

GLAMORGAN: First Innings 
D B Paukne c Gould b C M Weils — 33 

H Morris bw b C M We*s 37 

G C Holmes Ibw b Reeve 61 

Voums Ahmed not out 105 

M P Maynard Ibw b Reeve 0 

*R C Orrtong tow b Reeve 0 

j F Sterie tow c m Wees - — 15 

tT Dawes tow b Pigott 22 

J Derrick not out 1 

Extras {b 9. lb 6. w 1. nb 4) 20 

Total (7 wkts dec) 294 

D J Hickey and S J Base dal not baL 
Score at 100 overs: 259 tor 6. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-75, 2-80. 3-188. 4- 
T89, 5-189, 6-229. 7-290. 

BOWLING: Pigott 10-0-31-1: Reeve 21-9- 
30-3: Mays 25-4-64-0: Barington 13-0-46- 
0: C M writs 1 9-7-30-3: Standing 1 9^-50- 
0: Green 2-1 -6-0. 

Bonus points: Glamorgan 4. Sussex S. 
Umpires: J A Jameson and R Julian. 

Notts v Warwicks 


WARWICKSHIRE: First Innings 129 (Astt 
Din 53: RJ Hadlee 6 for 42) 

Second femfogs 

T A Lloyd b Hadiss 40 

P A Smsth c Broad b Hadtee 5 

O McMillan not out SI 

G J Parsons b Horiee - 3 

D L Amiss not out 1 

Extras (ib 1 ) 1 

Total p wkts) ... Ill 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-17. 2-104. 3-110. 
NOTT1N&4AMSHIRE: F»St tnrwigs 

BC Broad cAimssb Gifford 116 

M Newel c McMiBan b Mutton 17 

DW Randall cMcMidanbSmeJ 8 

*C 6 B Rice c Lord b McM*an — — . 70 
H A Pittc Humpaae b Smal — — ^ 10 

P John fa Gifloro — 44 

D Martndale Ibw b Misnon 14 

R J Hadlee b Parsons 41 

tC Scon na out 669 

E E Herunmgs c and b Smith. 1 

K Saxetoy b Munton 34 

Extras (b 8, to 5, w 4. nb 10) ._27 

Total — 461 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-83.2-122. 3-171,4- 

198. 5-261. fr-292. 7-294. 8-375.^9-378 
BOWUNG: Small 22-7-65-2; McMiflan 17- 
3-7M. Parsons 2M-I04-1: Gtfftmf 25-9- 
592: Smith 11441-1; Mutton 20.5-3-78- 

Bonus pointe: Nottinghamshire 8. 

Umpires: AGTWMehead and PBWght 


DERBYSHIRE: First Innings 260 (G Miner 
65, A E Warner 57: P J Newport 6 for 49). 

T S Curtis c Barnett b Holding 67 

D B D'Olrven b Warner 0 

G A Hick c MMer b Jean -Jacques 94 

□ N Patel c Marpies b Holding 21 

*PA Neale c Marples b Holdmg 17 

M J Weston c Barnet! b Holding 0 

TS J Rhodes c HHI b Warner 28 

P J Newport c RoDens b Holding — 68 

R K Uknawonh tow b Holding 8 

S M McEwen not out 1 

A p Prldgeon b Holding 3 

Extras (0 17. lb 10. w 11 . nb4) — 42 

Total 349 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-0. 2-SS. 3-86. 4-86, 
5-174. 6-194. 7-319. 8-342. 9-345, 10-349. 
BOWUNG: Holding 29.4-7-97-7: Warner 
iB-a-51-2: Jean-Jacques 18-4-71-1: Tay- 
lor 17-1-65-0: Miller 27-12-32-0: Barnett 3- 

Bonus prints: Derbyshire 5. Worcs 8. 
Umpres: B Leedbeater and K J Lyons. 

? Surrey 

SURREY: First fonflOB 288 (N J FaKner 
102. K T Medlycotl 61: W W Daniel 4 (or 

MIDDLESEX; First Innings 

A J T MBer C Pocock b BiCkneB 7 

W N Slack c Richards b Bnacnea 4 

tP R Downton Ibw b Clarita 0 

R O Butcher not out — w 

*C T Rariey tow b BidineB 12 

JD Carr st Richards bPocock 34 

M A Rose Derry c Lynch b Medlycott ... 3 

S P Hughes 0 

Exnastbl.to8.w2. nol) 17 

Total (6 wkts. 53 overs) 234 

S P Hughes. N G Cowans, w w Daniel and 
P C H TufneH to bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-14. 2-15. 3-23. 4- 
56. 5-159. 6-215. 

Different pitch 

The Ryder Cup golfers, Sam 
Torrance, Paul Way. Howard 
Clark and Ian Woosnam. will 
display their cricket prowess 
on the eve of the Car Care 
Plan tournament at 
Moortown next week. They 
will play in a golfers' side 
against a Car Care Interna- 
tional XI. organized by Fred- 
die Trueman, in a charity 
match . at Collingham on 

Stewart is 
Butcher is 

By Peter Ball 

CXBRIDCE: Sum r. with seven \ 
strond inntags wickers <n hand, 
lead Middlesex by 214 runs. 

A glorious 171 by Rowland 
Butcher provided the highlight 
of an eventual day’s cricket of 
nearly 450 runs, and 10 wickets I 
yesterday. The second century 
of the day. an undefeated 121 by 
Alec Stewart, was less dramatic, 
but mav prove ultimately more 
decisive, enabling Surrey to 
begin this morning with mailers 
in their own hands. 

My comments about the 
wicket in yesterday’s paper up- 
set an Uxbridge vice president 
who assured me that both 
Catting and Brearley had pro- 
claimed it the best in the 
country- Neither was there to 
confirm it, but the teams in this 
match are generally rather less 

With something in it for 
everyone, it has, however, pro- 
vided some enthralling cricket 
for large crowds on both days. 
Butcher certainly could have 
few complaints about the wicket 
as he led Middlesex to equality 
on the first innings with an 
display foil of sparkling strokes. 
His 171 came off only 153 
deliveries, and contained 25 
fours and three sixes, enanbling 
him to reach his hundred with 
the first, and almost effortless 
straight drive. 

The loss of Radley, his last 
experienced partner, in the 
fourth over of the morning, 
provided no hindrance to his 
imperious progress. His 
domination of the bowlers and 
the course of the innings was 

The deg am Carr, who again 
looked a batsman of rich prom- 
ise. contributed 33 to their stand 
of i 13 in 2l overs. Rose berry 
made three out of 46 for the 
sixth wicket, Hughes four out of 
32 for the seventh. 

Clarice, who was hampered by 
a strain, and BicknelL a 17-year- 
old with an easy action and 
lively pace, were hooked and 
pulled savagely. Feitham was 
greeted with three consecutive 
driven balls and any hope he 
had of recovering was ended 
when Butcher survived his first 
change at 64. 

Mcdlycotu who had initially 
received cruel treatment, was 
also denied at 115 — a sharp 
chance to slip — but finding 
increasing turn, he held steady 
under fire and was rewarded as 
Butcher became his prize in a 
career best five for 7 1 . beaten as 
he aimed to hii the slow left- 
armer into the swimming pool. 

a rich 

By Peter Marson 

There had been a contemp- 
tuous swish to 

Nottinghamshire's tail at Trent 
Bridge, yesterday, and, un- 
doubtedly. that will have 
brought about a dash of frustra- 
tion for Warwickshire’s 
bowlers. too, as Scott made 69 
nol oul Hadlee, on his 35th 
birthday 41. and the last man. 
Saxelby 34. as Rice's men 
ploughed on towards 451. and a 
lead of 322. In the morning, 
Nottinghamshire had been 
comfortably placed at 174 for 
three from 55 overs, and with 
Rice and Johnson going at eight 
an over. Rice had got to 70. 
when he fell to a catch. 

Sharp had been 52. when 
Yorkshire began again at Bris- 
tol. 92 runs behind at 154 for 
four. If. at the outset, 
Gloucestershire's bowling had 
tended to be a shade short of a 
length then. Sharp- w bo tad got 
to 71. may have been surprised 
by Bainbridge's yorker, which 
bowled him. Bairsiow then 
made 43 as the remaining six 
wickets fell for 1 15 runs in 39 
overs. Lawrence’s five for 84 
made him Gloucestershire's 
most successful bowler. 

At Grace Road. Hampshire 
started out at 26 for one. which 
was 287 runs behind Leicester- 
shire. Chris Smith and Nicholas 
survived Agnew’s and 
Benjamin’s initial barrage, but 
with the score 70, Nicholas was 
caught in two minds, and a 
promising partnership between 
the brothers Smith was ended 
when Christopher Smith, who 
had made 58.retired. having 
been hit on the hand by a short 
pitched ball bowled by Agnew. 
Hampshire's advance by 110 
runs in 36 overs slowed a pace in 
the afternoon as another two 
wickets went down in making 82 
from 41 overs, and at 295 for 
seven. Nicholas declared. 

A splendid innings by Hick, 
who made 94. another by Curtis, 
who had displayed courage in 
making 67. and yet one more by 
Newport, whose 68 was a best 
performance, took Worcester- 
shire lo 319. and a lead of 89 
against Derbyshire, at Derby. 
Holding's seven wickets for 97. 
was also his best performance 
for Derbyshire. 

At Sophia Gardens. Cardiff. 
Younis made 105 not oul as 
Glamorgan dosed to within 57 
runs of Sussex before declaring 
at 294 for seven. Morris and 
Holmes tad given Glamorgan 
encouragement at the day's 
start, and they and Younis 
successfully countered Gould's 


ComMil Insurance 
T7i W Test 

(11.0. 90 overa rmnimum) 

EDGBASTON: England v India 
Tout match „ . . 

Chelmsford: "Esse* v Nbw Zealanders 
Britannic Assurance 
County Champiofwhip 
DERBY: Derbyshire v worcasrerattre 
CARDIFF: Glamorgan v Sussex I 
BRISTOL: Gloucestershire v Yoikstwe 
MAOSTON& Kent v Somerset 
LEICESTER: Leicesieistwe * Hampsmw 
UXBRIDGE: Middlesex v Surrey 
TRENT BRIDGE: Nodlnghamslve V 
University match 
(1 IQO to 630) 

LORD’S; Oxford v Cambrtdqe 

TENNIS: All England champcnships 

ROWING: Henley Royal Regan 
CROQUET: Buflwgn Safterton and 
Woking tournaments 

Day Goliath 
gave David 
a thrashing 

By Jim Railton 

A blustery wind gave some 
problems yesterday morning 
to coxlcss crews in particular, 
but it was a welcome relief to 
the spectators. The stewards 
on the umpires’ launches were 
in a marvellous mood, which 
reflected in their comments on 
the race-sheets. But the tempo 
of competition quickened 
which provided many dose 
finishes - almost to the point 
where the Henley stewards 
were reaching for their baby 
Brownie cameras to record the 

Among the dose races Har- 
vard University B were 
stretched to almost the limit 
by their compatriots from 
Boston University in the 
Ladies’ Challenge Plate and 
held on to win by a canvas. 
Nottingham boys Chris 
Unwin and Simon Larkin 
came within two feet of beat- 
ing their West German rivals 
before the course ran out for 

Andy Holmes and Steven 
Redgrave opened their ac- 
count in the Silver Goblets 
against John Tucker and Jo- 
seph Cincotia. of Wisconsin 
University. The Americans 
were conceding almost 4st and 
it was a doddle for the British 
pair. The race recorder wrote: 
"This has been a David and 
Goliath contest but Goliath 
won for once with utmost 
ease". Redgrave and Holmes 
are after all Olympic gold 
medal winners. 

Oxford University had a 
mixed day at the Royal Regat- 
ta. In the Thames Challenge 
Cup. Thames B had equip- 

Ladies 9 Plate 

Neptune RC Ireland bt London WateiRC 
fay IX. 6:42. 

Harvard A bt Thames Tradesman 8 by 


Princeton M Union BC (US) by 638. 
Garda Slochana M Thames Tradesmen C 
by 2V 7:07. 

Harvard B bt Boston Urwershy by canvas 
6.30 . 

Cambridge University and Gotfs bt 
Thames Tradesmen A by 2%, Ml. 

Thames Cup 

Oriel Caaego. Oxford rowed ovor^ Thames 


Marlow M Bedford Star by IV. 650. 
Trinity CoS bob, DuWm bt imperial CoSege, 
London B by 3* 6:39. 

First ate That} Trinity. Cambridge bt 
Worcester RC by K. 6:56. 

New Coflege. Oxford bt Queens’ Univer- 
SjtyTBelfast by 2K. 8:49. 

Motosey fat Church# Cotege. Cambnflge 
by 4. 659. 

University CoBege. Dublin bt Garda 

meni failure after 18 strokes 
leaving Oriel College to row 
over. Boris Rankov, who 
rowed in six winnings Boat 
Races, is back in the city of 
dreaming spires. Rankov, for- 
merly of Corpus Chrisii. and a 
junior fellow at Si Hughes was 
yesterday rowing in the 
Thames Challenge Cup in the 
engine room of the New 
College eight along with two 
Blues. Jones Canledge and 
Rob Gay. This young New 
College eight beat Queen’s 
University. Belfast by -‘A 
lengths. The Irish must have 
frightened the Oxonians 
slightly — they Iol fractionally 
after 10 strokes. 

Bin Isis, in the Visitors Cup, 
had a disastrous row against 
First and Third Trinity and 
Jesus College, Cambridge- Isis 
were warned after 20 strokes 
as oars clashed. Isis were 
warned again at Fawley. 

Throughout their steering was 
appalling. The Cambridge 
crew despite touching - the 
Booms came home a length 
and two-thirds dear. The Isis 
steersman, Derek Clark, has 
been ill and one wonders over 
their wisdom in competing in 
the circumstances. 

Nottinghamshire County 
breezed over the course in the 
Wyfolds against Thames. . But 
there were some stirring races 
yesterday and many more to 
come. Shortly before high 
noon Glasgow University beat 
Groton School from Massa- 
chusetts by 3ft. Glasgow could 
have won by more but their 
steering was atrocious 

Diamond Sculls 

Paries and Chemotf (Charles Riot*) bt 
Burch and Graham (Thames Trades- 
men). easily, in 7:34. 

Graham ate Ashmore (Motesey and St 
Ives) bt Armstrong and Armstrong 
(Lady Victoria BC) by V,. 7:34. 

Graves and Kiqda (Cincinnati) bt 
Cortngton and Snath (Walton and RAF) 
by 3K. 7.58. 

Luka and Hancock (Uand&ff Bid Derwent) 
bt Purchase and Dtserens (Wallingford) 
by 2K. 7:40. 

Sims and Lawther (Maidenhead) bt Spen- 
cer and Spencer (Poplar, Blackwell and 

London RC A bt Lady Margaret Cam- 
bridge by 3* in 6:48. 

Nottingham University bt Caku College. 
Cambridge by 1. 653. 

EBzabethsn bt mames Tradesmen by 1 K, 

Imperial Coflege London A bt Thames A 
by 3X. 6:53. 

Tees RC bt Oxford Polytechnic by 1. 7:07. 

Cambridge ‘99 RC bt Twickenham by 4, 

Wyfold Cup 

Notts County A bt Thames. easOy in 7:24. 

Lea B bt London Welsh by 1 2/3.7:17. 

Belfast fat London RC A by IX. 7:22. 

Charles River (US) bt SoclatA 
D' Encouragement SN, France by 355. 

Potomac bt Marlow by Hi, 7:17. 

Leandor bt Eton Excelsior, easily. In 7:41. 

Visitors’ Cup 

Rearing University bt Durham University 

London ’uniwBraity bt Belmont Abbey 
School, easiy. in 7:21. 

First ate Third Trinity and Jesus Coflege 
Cambridge bt tec by 1 2/3 in 7:32. 

Qasgow University bt Groton School (US) 

Imperial College. London A bt Pennsylva- 
nia Urwvarsny by 2. 7:35. 

Princess Elizabeth 

Emanuel School bt The Kings' School, 

District) by 2.7:55. 

Pteak and Schafer (Kttner Rudervarrtn 
von 1877 West Germany) bt Unwin and 
Larkin (Notts County) by 2 tt 7:36. 
Hassan and Scrivener (Lea) bt Watson 
and TurntxA (Rob Roy j. easfly. m 7:39. 
S M Gawthrop (Rob Roy) bt M Pollecutl 
Thames Tradesman by ’A. 828. 

APS tOttermaster (Barclays Bank) bt J 
Dwan (Lea) easily in 820. 

M J Horrocks (Birmingham) bt R Staite 
(Evesham) fay 2. 828. 

P OTooie (Commercial RC. Ireland) bt M 
P Deards (Bedford Star) fay 1 %. 8:37. 

B Bang (Danske Studente RC Denmark) 
. btWChafatorJBagoveenJRC Denmark) 
■ easily In 827. 


Holmes ate Redgrave fLeentfer and 
Marlow) bt Tucker and Cincotta 
jUnwofsrty of Wmsconsn). easfly. n 

Bund is and Reid (Bristol Ariel) bt Aflwark 
and Evans (Walton) by 1 X. 8:24. 

Brett and Smith (Aberdeen University) bt 
Wtaskinel and Fetge (Hobart and Wil- 
liam Snath RC. US) by 4%, 854. 
Gregory and Jones (London Wefchl bt 
John Cox and Aqidina (Kingston), 
easily, m 8:1Z 

Pearson and Riches (Motesey) bt 
Stevens and Perry (Vesta) by 2te. (£07. 

Challenge Cup 

Christchurch RC bt City of Cambridge. 
easJy. in 7:50. 

Sons of the Thames bt Evesham A by 1 ». 

Thames Tradesmen bt Nottingham by 1. 

Lea bt Southampton Coalporters by 4%i. 

Bedford Star bt Henley by 3. 7:21. 
Vesta RC bt Tideway scuflera' Sc 

School by 


Victorious Smith rises 
to a tough challenge 

By Jenny Mac. Arthur 

Despite complaining that the 
course was awful — “too com- 
plicated and too tight” - Har- 
vey Smith won yesterday's Next 
and Next Top Score champion- 
ship at The Royal Show at 
Sipneleigh. in Warwickshire, 
with ease. 

Riding ihe agile Sanyo Vista. 
Smith set about the challenging 
course in troicaJly determined 
fashion and finished with a total 
of 1.590 points. 

John Brown, who shared 
Smith's views on Alan Ball's 
course, was the runner-up on 
Castle Townsend but was more 
than 100 points behind Smith. 
Castle Townsend is Brown’s 
normal grand prix horse but he 
likes to put him into smaller 
speed classes every now and 
then to "gyp him up.” 

Jean Germany, who was sec- 
ond on Mandingo in 
Wednesday's same class, had 
held the early lead yesterday but 
eventually dropped back to 
third place. 

Lord Raynhatn. the chief 
steward of the grand ring an- 
swered the riders* various criti- 
cisms of the state of the going in 
the grand ring — John Whitaker 
had said that it was not level, the 
grass was too long and there was 
no spring in iu Because of the 
dry 1 weather. 22.000 gallons of 
water have been poured on to 

the ring each night since Sat- 
urday. As far as ihe length of the 
grass was concerned. Lord 
Raynham said that four inches 
was found to be the ideal length 
lo cope with all the activities in 
the grand ring. 

Lord Raynham said that it 
would be "totally impractical” 
to have a manicured lawn such 
as the showjumpers are used to 
at shows like Hickstead and the 
Great Yorkshire. He added, 
however, that the surface of the 
grand ring was due to be relaid 
in the next few years with turf 
specially grown at the Royal 
Agricultural Society. This, he 
pointed oul was not in anticipa- 
tion ofthe 1992 Olympic Games 
(if held at Birmingham, all the 
equestrian events would take 
place at Sioneleigh). “If the 
Olympics came here, the surface 
in the grand ring would be 
completely redesigned — it 
would not be grass.” he said. 

RESULTS: Next and Next Top Score: 1. 
Sanyo Vista IH Smmi), 1 ,590pts; 2, Castle 
Townsend (J Brown). 1.470; 3. Mandmgo 
(J Germany). 1 .400. Small Hacks: 1 . Mr? J 
£ Hayes's Duke of Newcastle.- 2. Mr S Mrs 
J M Jerram’s Sunrise of Hands: 3. Mr J 
Hopwood's Arch Prance. Lame Hacks 1. 
Mrs VJ Smith's WahMTWn&ng: 2, MrR 
Oliver's Rye Tangla: 3. Mr £ Mr^ p 
warcup's Dubose. Hack ehampjonshlp: 
Champion: wailful Thinking. Reserve: 
Duke of Newcastte The UojSls Bank In- 
Hate etempiwMp: Ctempforc Mr DR 
Weeks s Ebow victor. Reserve: Mrs and 
Miss Rogers s Christmas Qorse. 


Cowdray are hindered 

The British Open champion- ^ minute j unqueira and 
home team, run into some tad 

flags to snatch victory ^ 

<^ ter ’ South- 

fjohfwaMn^elf ^ fi ? d ***' KenneIot Stables 10-7. 
l J onn watson wnies). la ipanema: i. s Harper m- ? m 

Silvio Moreno, newly arrived Junqueira (7): 3. S MackenM 18 Bank - r 
from Chile, helped Cowdray l 

into a 5A lead in the fourth SanS 

eftukka. but then Charles Pear- Mo^ffieS'p ww 
son. their No. I. suffered a SOUTHFEUhl.jYeon 

COWDRAY PARK: 1. C Pearson/G 
2. M Glue (4), 3?S 

cnuKKa. put men cnarta pear- MorenojTv tiBEpwjtfTh ’ * * * 
son. their No. 1. suffered a MUTHFEU): i. j Yeoman m- 2. A Kent 
pain ful back injury reducing the E): Bade d Jamison Sj. 

•-'j E 
































Champion asks 
Bruno over 

for a hot-dog 
and Coke 

Tim Witherspoon, the 
World Boxing Association 
heavyweight champion, ar- 
rived in London yesterday 
with a seven-round warning 
for Frank Bruno, whom he 
meets for the tide in a multi- 
million-pound promotion at 
Wembley Arena on July 19. 

“i'll give him seven and if 
possible I'll cut it down to 
five." the American said. “I 
respect him and I think he's a 
good fighter but just because a 
man looks physical and strong 
doesn’t mean everything. 
What is important is what you 

Witherspoon swept into 
Gatwick followed by an appar- 
ently endless procession of 
large black men — manager, 
assistant manager, two train- 
ers, sundry helpers and assort- 
ed sparring partners.“Not one 
of them under 2301b,” 
Witherspoon announced 

A rough count established 
the team at 18-strong and 
there are more to come later, 
including a doctor and a 

Witherspoon is a big, happy 

fellow who made a lot of 
friends when he fought rather 
unimpressively in Birming- 
ham last autumn. He greeted 
old acquaintances yesterday 
with obvious pleasure. “By 

rights, fighting in front ofa big 
1 in a fore if 

crowd in a foreign country 
should bother me,” he said. 
“But I feel at home and when 
the crowd starts roaring it will 
give me energy.” 

He will live and tram at 
Basildon in semi-rural Essex, 
a few miles from Bruno's 
home. “If he wants to come 
and see me train he is very 
welcome to attend my work- 
outs because I have nothing I 
want to hide. He can sit 
ringside and bring his family 
and we will all have hot-dogs 
and Cokes. Anyone who fights 
me is welcome to watch me 

“At the moment we are 
joking because we are happy 
to be here. But once we start 
training, the smiling will end.” 

The reason for the switch of 
training .quarters from Lon- 
don to Basildon was delicately 
dealt with. Was it to remove 
Witherspoon from the temp- 

— „ 2&B3BNSfcwn 

The champion shows his teeth with a lip-fastening upper-cut to the challenger's chin: 
Witherspoon illustrating a point after touchdown at Gatwick yesterday 

tations of the West End? Carl 
King, his manager, admitted 
that an ounce of prevention 
was better than a pound of 
cure. “Better to slay dear of 
diversions,” he said. 

* Witherspoon was more 
forthright: “Right now, my 
woman is Frank Bruno on 
fight night- I want him bad.” 

He admitted to the well- 
known fact that be has bad a 
drug problem. “It could have 
taken me down the wrong 
path and killed me. Instead, 
they sent me where I could get 
help rather than condemn me. 
1 am glad what happened I am 
glad 1 got found out” 

Traces of marijuana were 

discovered in a drug test after 
Witherspoon's last world title 
bout against Tony Tubbs. 
After threatening to take away 
his title, the WBA instead 
fined him heavily and ordered 
him to meet Tubbs again. 
Tubbs has been paid to stand 
aside to allow Bruno to take 
his place in the queue. 


fine start 

From John Hennessy 

Liselone Neumann, aged 20, 
from Sweden .and Kitrina Doug- 
las. the former British amateur 
champion, recorded a first 
round of 67. which is five under 
par. for the 5.922 yards Cologne 
Country Club course; on the 
first day of the Trust House 
Forte Classic. They led by three 
strokes, although a number of 

players were still on the course. 

ere were only two lapses by 
Miss Neumann, each of which 
cost a stroke, in an otherwise 

immaculate round in keeping 

with her growing reputation o 
probably the best women player 
in Europe. 

A loose six iron buried the 

boll uncomfortably in the pow- 
- beside the 

dery sand of a bunker 
sixth green, and an eight iron 
came up short of the 17th. She 
took three more there, an un- 
expected setback, for her short 
game. like the rest of her golf, is 
so accomplished that for her not 
to get home with a chip and 

E utU seemed an afront to the 
iws of nature. 

Unlike other players, notably 
Dale Reid (70 yesterday) and 
Laura Davies (72). the Swedish 
player has total faith in her 
driver and left it in her bag only 
twice, apart from the four short 
holes. Her accuracy was such, 
that the fairways could have 
been reduced by 50 per cent 
without causing discomfort. 

Miss Neumann, who was a 
child progidy at 15. is now 
maturing fast, and this round 
was her best since joining the 
Women’s Professional Golf 
Association last summer. 

Miss Douglas came in with a 
67 late in the day. The key to her 
round was an improved putting 
performance under the tutelage 
of her boyfriend, Gus Thomas, 
who carries the bag. She prefers 
faster greens than those in 
Cologne and his idea was to 
practise with a soft drinks can 
placed a foot behind the hole. 
That and a reminder to herself 
as she bent over each putt to “hit 
it”, paid handsome dividends. 


Neumann (SW). K Douglas (GB): 70: D 

_ . _ ~VGL SS - - 

S (GB). W . . 

Gnce-Wtrttakw (GB). J Arnold (NZ), K 
Leadbetter (US). O CtHidzinsKi (WG). N 

McCo/maefc<G3). T Fernando {Sn Lanka): 

(Colombia). M 

72: L Davies. P Gonzalez (C 

Scott mg (GB). J Brown (GB). J 
Comedian (GBL 73: B Hi*e (GB). B 
Brandwyme (US). O HeMfce (US). L 

. . .-5L O Hdmefce . 

Muflatd (Aus). J Lawrence (GB), j Forrest 
(GB), B Boozer (US). 


Hinault chasing all-time record 

From John Wilcockson, Paris 

Millar his climbing will be tested 

Along with wine, romance 
and politics, sport is one of the 
passions of the French public. 
Since their football team was 
eliminated from the World Cup, 
the media's attention returned 
to tennis and the late of Henri 
Leconte at Wimbledon. But in 
the past few days cycling has 
returned to the top of the bar 
talk menu. 

The 73rd Tour de France 
begins today with the prologue 
in the form of a 4.6- kilometre 
(0.9 miles) time trials in the 
Borough of Bolougne-Billan- 
coun. just down river from the 
Eiffel Tower. This opening stage 
is not too significant in the 
context of the 4.100 kilometres 
(2.560 miles) that follow during 
the next 23 days, but a tiny 
victory here can give a rider a 
huge psychological advantage 
over his rivals. 

That is why Bernard Hinault, 
the 31-year-old Breton who has 
won the Tour de France five 
times, is such a dangerous 
opponent. He has won the 
prologue in each of his five last 
appearances even though he is 
not a specialist at such short 
distances. Will a victory today 

? >ur Hinault into winning the 
our a sixth time, an all-time 

The Puy de Dome is again on 
the race schedule this year, again 
two days from the finish on the 
Champs Elyse6s. and a Hinault- 
Fignon shootout is a possibility. 
But cycling has changed 
dramatically in the past two 
decades. It is both a longer and 
exclusively Continental sport. 

More than 1.100 media 
personnel accreditations have 
been processed at Boutogne- 
Billancourt in the past two days. 
They have come from 22 coun- 
tries. including the Cameroons. 
Kuwait and Japan, countries 
which have no competitors in 
the sport- 

independence Day 

I s : ''-Hii 1 986 Tour de France 

F.? Starts at Boulogne B Oa nc o u rt, 

■i i today July 4 

Ends in Paris, Sinday July 27 

Rivalry between 
French riders 

This is one of the major points 
in the discussion that range 
everywhere that tour followers 
have gathered in the French 
capital. Most Parisians would 
like to see a third tour victory by 
Laurent Fignon. the straw- 
haired. bespectacled 25-year-old 
from the suburbs, while the 
provincials are rooting for 

Bui fierce rivalry between 
French riders and their support- 
ers has not existed since the 
unforgettable duel between 
Jaques Anquetil and Raymond 
Poulidor in the early 1960s. 
Their most memorable clash 
took place on an extinct vol- 
cano. the Puy de Dome, two 
days from the end of the 1964 

Anquetil. who was seeking his 
fifth tour win. and Poulidor. 
seeking his first, fought out an 
elbow to elbow battle up the one 
in six gradient of the famous 
Corkscrew climb. Anquetil 
cracked just one kilometre from 
the lop. yielding 40 seconds to 
his rival but managing to hang 
on to the yellow jersey of the 

A television audience of more 
than 1.000 million is predicted 
by the race organisers. 

There are 40 cyclists from the 
American continent ibis year, 
including the firat ever team 
from the United States. Appro- 
priately. in a field of 210 
competitors, the Americans in 
the 7-eleven team will be today 
celebrating the 2 1 0th Indepen- 
dence Day. It would be a feiry 
talc come true if one of them 
should win today, but it is more 
likely that their vastly more 
experienced compatriot. Greg 
LeMond, will be challenging 
Hinault and Fignon. 

LeMond. who is in the same 
team as Hinault, needs more 
than anyone a win in the 
prologue to boost his sagging 

Besides LeMond, Hinault and 
Fignon. the principle favourite 
are the climbers Robert Millar, 
Luis Herrera, Ure Zimmerman 
and Pedro Delgado. One man 
who should also have been 
considered is Scan Kelly, but the 
30-year old irishman has been 
forced to withdraw. The calf 
muscle he gashed in a crash two 
weeks ago failed to heal in time. 

Without Kelly. Irish hopes 
rest on Stephen Roche, who has 
missed most of this season with 
damaged knee ligaments. Roche 

appears to have little hope of 

repealing his third place 
of 1985. but if his knee holds out 
the Dubliner has the security 
and incentive to take over the 
top position from Kelly. 

Only one Englishman is on 
the starting line today. Sean 
Yates, from Sussex, was called 
in to the Peugeot team after one 
of his French colleagues was 
eliminated by a crash last 


Thomas move angers Luton’s chairman 

Mitchell Thomas, the En- 
gland Under-2I international, is 
at the centre of a dispute 
involving the first division rivals 
Tottenham Hotspur and Luton 
Town. Thomas has joined 
Tottenham after an approach by 
the former Lnloa manager. Da- 
vid Pleat, who left White Hart 
Lane six weeks ago. Luton's 
chairman. David Evans, re- 
sponded with an angry outburst 
“The relationship between 
Datid Pleat and this dub came 
to an end when he signed 
Thomas in this way. When 
David left he agreed not to 

approach our unsigned players, 
including Thomas. Within days 
of returning Grom Mexka Pleat 
has shown the same disregard 
for honour and integrity that be 
displayed when he ended his 
contract with ns to sign for 

“It is clear that what he 
describes as bis love affair with 
this dob has turned into rape. 
He took the coach and physio 
with him — now this, fm 
disgusted- “Tottenham bad val- 
ued Thomas at a “derisory” 
£175.000, Evans said. Loton 
would tell a League transfer 

tribunal that the player was 
worth nearer £1 million. 

• The consortium fighting to 
save Middlesbrough Football 
Club are prepared to step aside 
if John Robinson, the Hull City 
chairman, can guarantee the 
third division dab's 
survival.Robinson. a Scar- 
borough millionaire, has in- 
dicated be may back his son. 
Nicky, in a takeover bid thongh 
he wants more time to study 
facts and figures. Football 
League rules would prevent 
Robinson Snr from joining 

The club are heavily in debt 
and are due to face an adjourned 
winding up petition in the High 
Court on July 14. 

• Ron Jones, the managing 
director of Cardiff City, a fourth 
division club, seems about to 
reject an offer to return to 
Queen's Park Rangers. Jones, 
an ex-Olympic athlete, has been 
invited by Jim Gregory, the 
chairman of'QPR, to return to 
the London dub be left four 
years ago to take up a post as 
chief executive. “This is cer- 
tainly the most difficult decision 
of my life.” Jones said. 

Roma pay to play on British Cup sidelined 

Zunch (Reuter) — The Italian 
first division club. Roma, who 
have successfully appealed 
against a ban imposed after a 
bribery attempt in a European 
Cup semi-final lie against Dun- 
dee United, wilt instead pay one 
of football's highest ever fines. 
UEFA have announced. 

• Lisbon (Reuter) — Portuguese 
politicians have criticized their 
national football federation for 
banning eight players from play- 

ing again for their countrv 
folic ‘ 

..[lowing a wages row during 
the World Cup finals in Mexico. 

The UEFA appeal board have 
quashed a one-season ban and 
substituted a fine of 200.000 
Swiss francs (£74.900). equalling 
rhe previous highest financial 
penalty imposed on another 
Italian club. Inter Milan, in 
April last year. But UEFA 
confirmed a four-year ban on 
Dino Viola, the Roma presi- 
dent. whom, they claimed . 
acted alone in trying to bribe the 
French referee Michel 
VautroLin the club's home leg 
tic against Dundee United in 
April 1984. 

“The decision goes against the 
fundamental principles of the 
constitution guaranteeing our 
rights and freedoms.” said Ma- 
nuel Alegre, a Socialist, who 
asked for a parliamentary 
commission of inquiry to be 
established during a brief debate 
on the subject in the Portuguese 

The ban was announced on 
Wednesday as punishment for 
the 22-man squad's protest over 
bonus payments in which they 
refused to play a practice match 
only day's before their opening 
first round game against En- 
gland last month. 

Ted Croker, the Football 
Association secretary, yesterday 
buried Football League plans for 
a British Cup. The competition 
is the idea of Phil Carter, the 
Evenon chairman, who six 
weeks ago succeeded Jack 
Dunnctt as the League presi- 
dent- Croker. who today meets 
Carter at the start of the FA 
summer meeting in Gosfonh. 
said: “There is not the slightest 
chance of a British Cup com- 
petition being allowed." 

Carter bad planned to invite 
top clubs from Scotland and 
Ireland to baitie against the 
English elite, starting in the 
1987-88 season. But Croker 
insisted: “With European com- 
petitions playing the part they 
do. a British Cup would be 
totally counter-productive.” 

English clubs are banned from 
UEFA competition after the 

European Cup carnage in Brus- 
sels involving Liverpool 
supporters but there looks every 
chance of the suspension being 
lifted if the next campaign is 

"The FA. together with the 
Scottish and Irish associations, 
would have to give permission 
for a British Cup and FIFA 
would have to sanction it as 
well.” Croker confirmed. “On 
the face of it. the competition 
sounds plausible, but when you 
go into detail there are lots of 
problems. I would have ex- 
pected the new management 
committee to reach the same 

Carter was elected spokesman 
for the big dubs last season 
when they demanded a better, 
deal. A new cash distribution 
structure was agreed and the 
first division is to be cut by two 
clubs over the next two years. 


Fast work 
by Bell 
and Davies 

By Gordon Allan 

Eileen Bell, of Belfast, plays 
Julie* Davies, of Port Talbot, in 
the British Isles women's singles 
final at Sophia Gardens. Cardiff, 
todav. In the semi-finals yes- 
terday Mrs Bell beat Christine 
McLean of Car-donald. Glas- 
gow. 21-9 and Mrs Davies beat 
Ena Clarke of Couniesthorpe. 
Leicestershire 2 J -3. 

Mrs Davies won her match in 
an hour. “I’ve never played such 
rubbish in all my life." Mrs 
Clarke said afterwards. On a 
green running fast in the sun- 
shine she never found a length, 
and Mrs Davies had only to be 
competent. *Mrs Bell's victory 
took a little longer. 

The best semi-final was in the 
pairs. Maigaret Paul and Muriel 
McCulloch trailed _ Janette 
Thomson and Rena Price 18-17 
as the last end began, but after 
exemplary leading by Mrs 
Thomson and Mrs Paul. Mrs 
Price was forced to move the 
jack and Mrs McCulloch drew 
the winners. 

StHGLES: Somt-DDBls: E Bel (ITQ) 21 . C 
McLean (Scoil ft J Dawes (Wales) 21. E 
Clarke (England) 4 

PAIRS: Semi-finals; M Pb l*. M McCulloch 
(Ire) 19. J Thomson. R Pnca (Scot) 18. 
TRIPLES: Stmi-liMis: B Jacob. W Line. E 
Famafl (Eng) 20. E McGarvte. a Granam. 
F Whyte (Scot) 9. 

POURS: SemWmats: G Miles. S Proctor. J 

Osoom. M Pomeroy (Wales} 23. H Boyd. J 
- '- I. N Graham iScot) 9i 

Aukl. A MrtcheU. N Graham (Scot) 

Megratti. H Karmtan. E Mao#. E Bell (Ira) 
21. C Webb. P Emery. J Andrews, j 
Roylance (Eng) 18. 

will press 
Cram at 

Oslo (Renter.) — Mike 
Hillardt of Australia, a pace- 
maker in Steve Cram's epic 
world record-breaking mile run 
at the Bislett Games last year, is 
the min to watch in this year's 
event which takes place here 

That is the remarkable 
prediction of Steve Scott and 
Sydney Maree, the two world- 
class Americans competing in 
tomorrow 's so-called “Dream 
Mile” alongside Cram. 

“Becaase it is so early in the 
season few runners already have 
the confidence to punish the rest 
of the field,” said Scott, silver 
medallist behind Cram in the 
1983 world championship 1.500 
metres finaL 

“Cram has, bet so too has 
Hillardt and he conld be the one 
to challenge” was Scott's view.“I 
saw them both ran last week and 
was ranch more impressed with 
Michael ” 

No one is talking of HiDardt. 
whose best for the mile is only 
3 min 51.8 Zsec capturing Cram's 
world record of 3*4632. But he 
has poshed himself into conten- 
tion with two excellent 1,500 
metres victories in the last five 

The first came in Byrkjeco, 
Norway, last Saturday, when he 
scored an excellent win over 
Maree — one of only three men 
to rtra the distance in under 330. 
Then in Stockholm on Tuesday, 
the 25-year-old from Mel- 
bourne, who has never won a 
medal in any major champion- 
ships, won again in 3:3450 — the 
second fastest time in the world 
this year. 

Maree, a former 1,500 metres 
world record bolder, added: “It 
is difficult to say what sort of 
time the race wilt be won in, but 
Hillardt is physically capable of 
getting under 3:50. 

“His problem will be that he 
doesn't have the experience of 
running those times. It's un- 
known territory for him and it b 
difficult to know how he'll cope 
if presented with a chance of 
victory 2 00 metres out. 

“His problem might be stay- 

ing back when the pace does ‘go. 

ybe he should just go and uot 
wait for die others. Then he'll 
know just what he's capable of.” 

Cram docked the fastest mile 
of the year, 3:51.50, in 
England's international against 
the United States last Friday. 
On paper, the Olympic 1,500 
meters silver medallist should 
have hr too modi dass for his 
Australian rival, whose job it 
was in last year's race to {tick up 
the pace on the third lap to keep 
Cram on course for the world 

The world record is unlikely to 
be threatened tins year. Cram 
has built his season around 
defending his 1,500 tide at the 
European championships Jo 
Stuttgart and is not at his world 
record-breaking peak at the 

One man who might perhaps 
have been in good enough shape 
to attempt a world record was 
Said Aouita. But the gifted 
Moroccan, who already holds 
world marks for the 1.500 and 
5.000 metres, told Reuters yes- 
terday that he had decided to 
withdraw from the race follow- 
ing Cram's late entry. 

Aouita now intends to run in 
the 10,000 metres tomorrow, his 
first appearance over the dis- 
tance at a mgjor meeting. He wOl 
taking on Alberto Cova, of Italy, 
the 10,000 metres world, Olym- 
pic and European champion. 

It is a fascinating dash of two 
electrifying sprint finishers and 
one which looks sure to keep the 
tightly-packed Bislett crowd in 
suspense until the final Straight- 

World long jump-champion 
Heike Drechsler is another late 
addition to the start list. The 
East German competes in the 
100 metres one week after 
equalling compatriot Marita 
Koch's seven-year-old 200 me- 
tres world record of 21.7k secs. 

Hunter licks 
his wounds in 
the Bushveld 

By Paid Martin 

This day a year ago Kevin. 
Cunen had his finest hour. In 
the Wimbledon singles semi- 
finals. his service, struck from 
his supple six foot one inch 
frame with awesome power and 
disguise together with sharp 
volleys, stunned Jimmy Con- 
nors into abject submission — 
just as John McEnroe had been 
humbled by the same barrage in 
the quarter-finals. Curren was 

set to reign supreme, but, as 


everyone now knows, be was 
denied a coronation by a Ger- 
man princeling. 

Today the amiable, intro- 
verted ex-South African, des- 
patched last week in round one 
by another West German, Eric 
Jelenjs seeking to rescue a 
career that has begun an omi- 
nous downward spiral Curren. 
who is 28, gives himself just two 
or three more years to capture 
the title that he believes was 
“there for the taking” last year. 

Had he won the final, he 
would be around £1.300,000 
richer today. Warren Jacques, 
his coach, estimates. At least 
£650,000 would have come 
from exhibition matches, rather 
than the £330.000 that Curren 
earned. The coming season 
promises to reduce his earnings 
to relatively modest bounds. 

He maintains he had a “men- 
tal lapse” that day last year, 
wilting, against a -player not 
mature enough to merit the tide, 
though showing signs of the 
greatness to come — Curren 
considers Becker a far tougher 
prospect this year. Still, be says, 
as Wimbledon and Australian 
Open runner-up, those nagging 
selfdoubts about his ability to 
win a major title have been 
removed. “I’ve always been a 
late bloomer,” Curren said. 

While few dispute that he has 
the grass court game to secure 
the championship, his attitude 
still leaves his coach in despair. 
“Kevin doesn't have the hungri- 
ness ofMcEnroe or Connors. He 
is content to plod along with a 
big win here and there. The 
older you grow, the less hungry 
you become.” 

Curren, who is somewhat 
stubborn, according to Jacques, 
plays too few tournaments, so 
that he is not match tough. 
Curren disputes his coach's 
assessment, maintaining that he 
cannot cope with the daily grind 
of cities, stadia, airports and 
hotels that goes with the tennis 

To his coach's chagrin, before 
Wimbledon he went on his 
annual trip to his beloved South 
African Bushveld. where a few 
companions commune with na- 
ture and reaffirm “how in- 
significant man is. I compare 

Curren: lacks determination 
myself with a leopard — a 
solitary animat very shy.' He 
likes to lie low, but hasa mind of 
his own.” 

Curren now gives thanks that 
he avoided his femiliy’s- advice 
to study pharmacy. Instead, be 
took a tennis scholarship iq 
Texas. Now it has become his 
home and he loves rambling 
across the hill country around 
Austin or will go to any lengths 
to see the - Dallas 
Cowboys. Curren. though; 
nearly became British. Like Zola 
Budd he has the right ancestry, 
the controversy surrounding the 
South African-born, runner . 
scared him off 

More Wimbledon 
coverage, page 32 

Still fiercely patriotic towards 
land. Cl 

his native land, Curren's racial 
views would not endear him to 
international opinion, and he is 
bitter at the West's efforts to 
exert pressure on South Africa. 
He believes life will be hard for 
whites under a black majority 
government, but still hopes to 
make his future there. 

Curren has never had to 
struggle in life — his white upper 
middle-class background, in 
South Africa's laid-back, coastal 
pleasure city, Durban, is seen by 
Jacques as a major (actor in 
Curren's apparent lack of win- 
at-all-costs determination. . 

Curren largely agrees.“In the 
environment I grew up in, 
winning was not everything. H 
still isn't. Tennis is a. short-term 
thing in ray career. Life is 
simply miserable if reaching the 
top means hating everyone else 
or. like McEnroe; being in 
constant fights with the umpire 
or creating tension with other 
players. You have to retain a 
happy medium. Happiness is 
not winning titles, it's how you 
feel within and how you go 
about your everyday, life.” 

Kodes calls a truce 

Jan Kodes. the 1973 Wimble- 
don champion and the present 
Czechoslovak Davis Cap cap- 
tain. would welcome back Ivan 
Lendl into his cup squad for the 
match against Yugoslavia in 
Sarajevo later this month. 

Lendl has been fighting a 
running battle with the Czecho- 
slovak tennis authorities for 
almost a year and has not played 
for his country since the 1985 
semi-final match with West 
Germany in Frankfurt last 

The Germans, inspired by 
Boris Becker, won 5-0 ana 
Lendl, who said he had a bad 
arm, played only in the doubles, 
losing in straight sets with 
Tomas Smid to Becker and 
Andreas Maurer. 

Kodes, however, knows on 
which side his bread is buttered. 
“We could do with Ivan,” he 
said. “And he has only to pick 
up a phone, knock on my door 
or send me a letter to say he will 

• Ramesb Krishnah is too 
much of a gentleman to make 
excuses, but he was sorely 

disappointed at losing in the 

men's singlesquarter-finais at 

It wasnot so much that he was 
soundly beaten by Slobodan 
Zivojinovic, of Yugoslavia, but 
more that he would dearly have 
loved to have' followed in the 
footsteps of his father, 


Ramanathan Krishnan was a 
Wimbledon semi-finalist in 
I960 and 1961. playing in (he 
same, elegant style as Ramesta 
does today. 

Each time Ramanathan was 
unlucky to come up against big 
serving Australian 1 eft-banders 
who both went on to win the 

Neale Fraser, the Australian 
Davis Cup captain-, beat 
Ramanathan 6-3, 6-3, 6-2 in the 
I960 semi-finals, then Rod 
Laver defeated him 6-2, 8-6, 6-2 
the following year. 


Coatimed fnm page 31 

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Today’s television and radio programme 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 



r-H * 



WTett, : , ■ 

*«*» >«**- 



6-00- Ceefax AM. 

6^0 Breakfast Time with 
’•gfiw .Soott and Guy 
S’S ’ 7 * 2 ?’ 755 ' 8J!S and 
®*®5; regional news 
weatlwrand traffic at 6JS7, 
-7.27, 7.57 and 8.27; 

national and international 

• news at 7.00, 7.30, 8 00 
•; 8.30 and wBfiSon 

reports at 7^0 and 850 : 

5 * pop music news 

« 7 -M; Lynn Faylds 

- "O™, 3 consumer report 
at a.Kttind a review of the 

newspapers -at 

• : ^ weekend's 

. . food buys; and 
' : gardening advice. The 

• ‘ guests include 

entrepreneur. Victor Ktam. 
TJ*Pare i ’ t Programme. 

- . : „• -This final programme In 
' - . the senes examines how 
the parents and babies 
. filmed nine months ago 

• have changed, frjsii 

Cwfta 1050 Play Softool. 

10^0 Cricket Third Test Peter 
West introduces coverage 
of me second morning's 

• play in the game at 
Edgbaston between 

■- "England arid India. 

1.05 News After Noon with 
Moire Stuart, includes 
news headlines with 

subtitles 1.25 Regional 
news and weather. 1.30 
Mr Benn. (r) 

1,45 WWtWeden 88. The Men's 

- • Singles semifinals, 

• '.introduced by Harry 

- Carpenter. 4.12 Regional 

. - 4.15 The Amazing Adventures 
of Morph, introduced by 
Tony Hart, (r) 450 
Dogtanlan and the Three 
" Muskehounds. Cartoon 
series, (r) 4.45 Fast 
Forward. Video fun 

6.15 Good Morning Britain 
presented by Anne 
Diamond and Henry Kelly. 
News with Gordon 
Honeycombs at 6.30, 7.00, 
750, 8.00 and BJ0; 
financial news at 655; 
sport at 6.40, 7.40 and 
8.40; exercises at 655 and 
952; cartoon at 755; pop 
video at 7J55; television 
highlights at 855; health 
and beauty with uzzie 
Webb at 9.12. 


9.25 Thames news headlines 
fotowed by Courageous 
Cat Cartoon. 

MS FOm: Suez* (1938) starring 
Tyrone Power as ■ 
Ferdinand de Lesseps, the 
French diplomat whose 
vision led to the building of 
the Suez Canal. With 
Loretta Young. Directed by 
Allan Dwan 1155 Home 

•British eccentricity, as . 
exemplified in THE GREAT EGG 
RACE (BBC2, 8.00pm) is 
made more eccentric, not less, 
by having a German-bom 
boffin as its presiding genius. 


When he is not dangfirib from 
a tree by ms parachute namess, 
complete with First World 

inventors have always been a 
staple of light-hearted 
television, and (Professor Woolf 

Professor Heinz Wolff: The Great 
Egg Race. BBC 2,8.00pm 

complete with First World 
War flying goggles and leather 
jacket. Professor Heinz Wolff 
runs a research institute at 
Brunei University. I must ten 
you this in case you think mat his 
emphatically Teutonic accent 
is just something else ha adopts 
to create a game-playing alter 

ego. The accantriafv of The ’Great 
Egg Race begins whh its title 
of course. There is not an egg in 
sight (though I believe there 
was one when the senes began a 
very long time agoj.Oddball 

apart), they are the be-and- 
end-aii of The Gnat Egg Race as 
each of three teams is given 
some bits of newspaper and 
wrapping paper and told to 
build an aeroplane that will fly the 
furthest and stay in the air me is all great fun. with the 
teams saying comical things 
like "We've used Page 3 to give 
us a bit more lift", and 
Professor Wolff teWng them as 
he surveys the mess they 
make: "I know you are making a 
bird - but are you making the 
droppings as well?" 


6J55 Open Unhmrshy: 
Management and 

Management and the 
Schoti 7.20 Weekend 

Cookery Club. Coffee and 

Ginger Souffle. 

More \\ i 


inted by FfoeJIa 
* Benjamin, (r) 

555. . Gentle Ben. Adventures of 

a young boy with a pet 
bear. Starring Dennis 

bear. Starring Dennis 
Weaver and Clint Howard. 

5.35 Paddles Up. The final of 

. the international canoeing 
competition held on the 
River Tryweryn, Bala, 

• north Wales. The 
commentators are Chris 
Rra and John Gosling. 

6.00 News with Sue Lawley and 
Nicholas Witchell. 


6.35 London Phis. 

7.00 Wogan. Tonight's guests 
Include actor Howard 
Rollins and the two 
Crlmewatch police 

Crlmewatch police 
officers, WPc Helen 

ri,v v’ 

% *»«3 
fcfi.V I 




•- it' 

a truce 



Phelps and SupL David 
. Hatcher. Music is provided 
by Hollywood Beyond. 

7.40 No Place Like Home. 

Arthur comes under 
suspicion from each 
member of his family when 
he suddenly has a spate of 
working late at the office. 
His wife and children have 
different theories lor the 
reason for the lata 
homecomings, (r) (Ceefax) 
8.10 The Colby*. The 

courtroom is reduced to 
chaos when the key 
witness in Jeff's paternity 
trial makes a staggering 

statement (Ceefax) 

9.00 News with John Humphrys 
and Andrew Harvey. 

. Weather. 

9.30 Big Deal. Bobby discovers 

that he has inherited a 
, £4.000 debt with his new 
ownership of the Dragon 
. Club, and that the creditor . 
is anxious he should 
.settle. To back up his 
" demand for Ns money 

Ginger Souffle. 

11.30 About Britain. Hammond 
Innes celebrates 75 years 
of the Clyde Cruising Club 
by visiting the Western 

isles by way of the Kyles 
of Bute and the Crinan 

12.00 Teettane and Claudia. 

Who has been stealing the 
milk from auntie's 
doorstep? (r) 12.10 
Rainbow. Learning with 

12.30 Jobwatch. A repeat of 
Sunday's programme 
which compared the 
available workforce for 
similar companies in West 
Germany and Britain. 

1.00 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 150 Thames news. 

1.30 Film: Carry On, Admiral* 
(1957) starring David 
Tomlinson. Not one of the 
Carry On series but 
another comedy, about a 
civp servant who. after a 
night of over-imbibing, 
finds himself in command 
of a destroyer. With Peggy 
Cummins. Directed by Vaf 

3.00 Take the High Road. 355 
Thames news headlines 
3.30 Sons ami Daughters. 

440 Rainbow. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
12.1 0 4.15 The Moo mins, 
(r) 455 Scooby Doo. 
Cartoon. 4J50 The Bizz. 
The final programme In the 
pop music and fashion 

5.15 The Parlour Game. Two 
teams of celebrities try to 
outwit each other in 
games that granny used to 

&45 News with Alastair 
Stewart CL00 The 6 
O'clock Show. 

7.00 Me and My Girl. Simon is 
offered a highly-paid job in 
California. Should he 
accept or will family 
responsibilities preclude 

the move? (r) 

750 A Royal Day. A repeat of 
the documentary about the 
wedding day of the Prince 
and Princess of Wales five 
years ago. (Grade) 

840 Tales of the Unexpected: 
Would You Believe It? 
Drama sat in the world of 

Outlook, Ends at 7.25. 

9.00 Ceefax. 

1.35 Cricket Third Test and 
. Wimbledon 86. Pater West 
introduces coverage of the 
afternoon session of the 
second day's play in the 
game between England 
and India. The 
commentators at 
Edgbaston are Richie 

Benaud and Tony Lewis, 

2.15 Their Lordships' House, (r) 
2.30 Channel Four Racing from 
Sandown Park. Brough 
Scon introduces coverage 
of the Jardine Maiden 
Fillies' Stakes (2-35): the 

, and the Inchcape Stakes 

440 Dancin' Days. Julia 
receives a new but 

unwelcome client Starring 
Sonia Braga. 

5.00 Car 54 Where Are You?* 
Toady and Muidoon are 

Benaud and Tony Lewi 
with summaries by Ray 
Illingworth and Bob Willis. 
At Wimbledon, it is Men's 

At Wimbledon, it is Men's 
Singles semifinal day and 
the commentators on the 
Centre and Number One 
courts are Dan Maskell, 
John Barrett. Gerald 
Williams, Barry Davies. 
Mark Cox, BilrThrelfall. 
Ann Jones and Virginia 

given the honour of driving 
me President to the United 

Nations but It proves too 
much for them. 

530 Revel Gary Crowley and 
Jon Stephen Fink review 
the latest video releases. 
6.00 Solid Soul. The guests 

include Haywood© and 
Zaoo with Shirley 

archaeology. Starring 
Richard Johnson ana 

Ronnie Day arrives 
accompanied by a set of 
large minders, (r) (Ceefax 


7V Si*- 

f -Uut. 

large minders, (r) (Ceefax) 
1050 Wimbledon 86. Highlights 

of the day's pfay, 
introduced by Desmond 

1150 Film: The Paper Chase 

S starring Timothy 
ns. Lindsay Wagner 
and John Houseman. 
Romantic comedy, the 
pilot for the successful 
- Revision series, about a 
' . Harvard Law School 
freshman who encounters 
problems with the 
formidable Law Professor 
and compounds the 
. trouble by falling for the 

.. Professor's daughter. . 

Directed by James . * 

. .. Bridges. 

1.10 Weather. '• ■ „ 

erf ?.• 

j— sj* 

a • 

Richard Johnson and 
Nigel Havers, (r). 

9.00 The Practice. Medical 
drama serial sat in a 
modem health centre. 

1040 News at Ten with Alastair 
Bumett and Carol Barnes 

10.30 The London Programme. 
John Taylor investigates 
the reasons why schools 
In the .South-East are 
• pulling out of the 

traditional team games. 
Followed by LWT News 

11.00 Hawaii Five-O. Steve 
McGarrett investigates a 
lovers' tiff that ended 
fatally, (r) 

12.00 The GifL An American 
documentary about how 
French sculptor Auguste 
Bartholdi created and built 
the Statue of Liberty. 

1240 Rite Coofidge at Devi's 

1.25 The Big Game. A musical 
documentary about Roger 

8.00 The Great Egg Race. The 
first of a new series, 
introduced by Professor 
Heinz Wolff from Warden 
Aerodrome, Biggleswade. 
In this first heat of the new 
format, knock-out 
cmpetition, teams 
representing West Lancs 
District Council. Ormskirk; 
FF Electronics of 
Wimbome, Dorset; and 
Fosters, a computer 
company from Lichfield, 
each have to try and make 
the biggest, flying, paper 
aircraft in the world from 
brown paper, newspaper 
and string, (see Choice) 

8.30 Gardeners' World. Geoff 
Hamilton and Roy 
Lancaster visit the 
Smalley. Derbyshire, 
council house back garden 
of Stephen Jackson. . 
Because of his love of 
nature Mr Jackson has 
created a garden with 
plants that encourage 
birds, bees and butterflies. 

940 Entertainment USA 2. The 
final report of Jonathan 
King's tour of the United . 
States. He is in Tampa 
Bay. Florida, where among 
the most sought-after 
imports is steak and 
kidney pudding. He 
reviews the film. Pretty in 
Pink; visits a shop where 
Christmas lasts all the 
year round; looks at the 
/atest pop music charts; 
'and visits a cigar factory, 
(revised repeat) 

940 The Healing Arts. The first 
of nine documentaries . 
examining traditional, 
alternative and and 
scientific methods of 
medicine around the 
world, and at how a wide 
cross-section of 
practitioners and doctors 
treat their patients. 
Tonight's programme 
examines the power to 
heal that lies in the hands. 
(Ceefax) (see Choice) 

Zapp with Shirley 

6.30 1986 Tour de France. Nick 
Owen presents the first of 
daily reports on the 

progress of the world's 
toughest cycle race. 
Today, the cyclists are In 

Paris fbr (he prologue time 
. trials. The commentators 
are Phil Liggett and Paul 

7.00 Channel Four news, with 
Pater Sissons and 
Nicholas Owen, indudes 
profiles of the likely 
runners in the 1988 United 
States Presidential race. 
With celebrated pollster, 
Lou Harris. Weather. 

7.50 Book Choice. Ahdaf 
Sotieif. a lecturer on 
English literature at Cairo 

University, reviews 
Modem Poetry of the Arab 
World, edited by Abdullah 

840 What the Papers Say. 
Sebastian Faulks of the 
yet-to-be-published The 
Independent reviews how 
the Press has treated the 
week's news. 

8.15 Looks Familiar. Denis 
Norden joins his guests, 
McDonald Hobley, Mary 
Malcolm and Sylvia Peters 
in a journey down memory 
lane, reminiscing about the 
television personalities of 
the Fifties. 

940 The Cosby Show. 
American domestic 
_ comedy series-starring Bill 


The Orchestra. Mime 

940 The Orchestra. Mime 
comedian Julian Joy 
Chagrin tonight has 
trouble with a self-centred 
prima donna. 

1040 Cheers. Woody becomes 
worried by the success of 
the temporary barman, 
and fears for his job. 
Starring Woody Harrelson 
and Ted Danson.(Orade) 
1040 Budgie. The first 

programme in a repeat of 
the second series of.the 
comedy drama about the 
trials and tribulations of 

documentary about Roger 
Dartrey competing in a big 
game fishing competition 
l — ■■ in the Bahamas, (r) 

140 Night Thoughts. 

1050 Newsnigtit 11.05 

11.10 Cricket Third Test 
Highlights of the second 
day's play, introduced by 
Richie Benaud. 

1140 The Lords This Week. 
Christopher Jones 
presents highlights from 
the week's proceedings in 
the House of Lords. 

1250 Whistle Test A repeat of 
Tuesday' s programme 
which included 
performances from The 

petty criminal, Budgie 
Bird, tonight receiving i 

angles and It Bites. Ends 
1 1.15. 

prison visit from the 
redoubtable Charlie 
Endell. Starring Adam 
Faith and (an Cutftbertsan. 

1.1.30 Film: Monterey Pop (1968) 
A documentary about the 
1967 1 nte rational Pop 
Festival held in Monterey, 
California, featuring, 
among others, Jams 
Joplin, Jimi Hendrix, Ravi 
Shankar and the Mamas 
and the Papas. Directed 
byD.A. Pannabakar. Ends 
at 140. 


2878. CG 741 9999. Fir* GUI 
34 hr 7 day CC 2*0 7200 Gm 
Soles 930 6123 Mon-Fri 8.00 
Sal 6.00 tt 0.40 



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StwMerd Drama Award 1914 


HU ConAdy by Rtenard Harris 
Directed bv Julia McKenzie 


FORTUNE (Air Quid) S CC 836 
2338 KP 741 9999 Gn> Sales 930 
6123 Men. to Frl 8 Sat 8.30 Thun 
& Sal 300 


3 T ickel mauler cc579 

sst ^ASStSjs 


(BBC2. 9.30pm) arrives dead on 
time, with the dust still Hying 
from the BMA's scoffing attack 
on alternative medicine. What 
the nine films set out to do - and 
the first, tonight's, puts up a 
powerful case for 
complementary therapies to 
be taken seriously - is to show 
some of the ways in which 
humanity tries to heal itself. 
Tonight's film is about finger- 
tip healing, the restorative power 
that lies in the touch ofa 

•Radio choice: Maazei 
conducting the Verdi Requiem at 
the Royal Albert Hail (Radio 
3,7.30pm). and Gerry Jones's 
ghastly apocalyptic 
phantasmagoria Three-ring 
Orcusi Radio 3. 9.05pm) 

Peter Davalle 

Italy, with | mal. viola). 940 

945 This week's composer: 
Charpentier. MessO pour 
pfusieurs instruments au 
lieu des orgues. and Kyne. 
Gloria, and Offretory; the 
motet Pour fe Saint 
Saorement au reposoir; 
and Eprtaohmm Carpentanj. 
• with London Baroque- 
and soloists Ktrkby.'Covey- 

own humorous work 
2-55 Beethoven: Frankl 

(aano).Pauk (violin) and 

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First published b» 1715 


for Sabatini 


By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

Martina Natratilova. cham- 
pion for the past four years 
and six times altogether, ad- 
vanced to the Wimbledon 
women's singles final once 
again by beating Gabriela 
Sabatini, of Argentina, aged 
16. by 6-2, 6-Z in only 53 
minutes yesterday. At least 
Miss Sabatini had the satisfac- 
tion of progressing farther 
than any other player from her 
country. She. was also the 
youngest player in this century 
to contest a singles semi-final. 

Miss Natratilova, aged 29, 
had great advantages in terms 
of experience, strength and 
agility. She moved the ball 
about so quicky that Miss 
Sabatini had to win a rally 
quickly, while the ball was 
within reach — if she was to 
win it at all. The longer the 
rally lasted, the more likely it 
became that Miss Sabatini 
would not reach the ball in 
time — partly because antici- 
pation is not yet sharp enough 
to get her off the mark quickly 

and partly because she is not 
all that nimble anyway. 

Miss Sabatini played many 
superb shots but was less 
adept at playing them in 
constructive and sound se- 
quences. Her first service has 
improved a great deal and in 
her first three service games 
she served four aces. She also 
demonstrated her excellent 
touch and precocious court 
sense. Her most impressive 
shot was a forehand down the-' 
line: that is. when she took the 
ball early and thus achieved a 
sudden acceleration of pace. 
But many of her strokes were 
too florid, which is to say that 
a big swing left her 1 at a 
momentary disadvantage 
when it came to regaining 
position. She did hit some 
delightfol winners, but Miss 
Natratilova was always in 
charge of the maichand nearly 
always in charge of the rallies. 

Miss Sabauni could score 
only ii points from Miss 
Natratilova’s eight service 

games. Midway through the 
second set the Argentinian 
began to look rather frustrated 
and resigned. But from 1-4 
down she suddenly produced 
a series of exciting shots, as if 
deciding that she might as well 
bang a few pictures on the wall 
for us before she left town. 

. This was more of a tutorial 
than a match. Miss 
Natratilova who holds the 
Australian title as well as 
Wimbledon's, has won her six 
matches here in straight sets at 
a total cost of only 25 games. 
She has had an easy draw and 
has certainly made the most of 

In -the final Miss 
Navratilova will play Hana 
Mandlikova, who beat Chris 
Lloyd, three times champion, 
by 7-6, 7-5 after Mrs Lloyd 
had led 5-2 in the second set. 
Miss Mandlikova beat Mrs 
Lloyd and Miss Navratilova 
in turn to win the United 
States championship 


Problems at home for dashing Leconte 

(5*0000 payers m eapna»; 

•Tin knowing results wars received too 
late lor ndusion in yesterday's early 

Men’s singles 

Holder B Becker (WG) 

B BECKER [WG) trt M Mear (Cz). &4. 6-2. 

I LENDL (Cz) bt T MAYOTTE (US}. 6-4, 4- 
6. 6-4. 3-6. 9-7. 

Men’s doubles 

Holders: H Gunthardt (SWitz) 
and B Taroczy (Hung) 

is we) bt K FLACN (US) and R SfiGUSO 
(USX 3-6. 4-6. 7-6. 6-4, 11-9. 

Mixed doubles 

Holders: P McNamee (Aus) and 
Miss M Navratilova (US) 
Second round 

FA1RBANK jSA) btT C Fancutt (Alls) 

SMYUE (Aus) bt M TOeman (Swe) and 
Miss L Field (Aus), 6-4. 7-8. 

Third round 

M Robertson (SA) and E Retnacti (SA) bt □ 
Graham (Aus) and E Burton (US), 6-4,2- 

TURNBULL (Aus) bt M R 
HOBBS <GB). 7-5. 6-4. 

J D Newcomba (Aus) and Miss J G 
Thompson (Aus) bt H SHrate (Japan) 
and MissM Yanaoi (Japan). 64. 2-0, 6- 


Women’s singles 


(ArgK 6-2, 6-2. 


NDUKOVA (Cz) bt C LLOYD (US), 7- 

X 7-6. 6-4. 


(WG) bt J W Feaver (GB) and Miss S V 
Wads (G 

and Miss C S Roynotds 
E SANCHEZ (So) and M 
bt J WFaavnr 
I (GB). 6-3, 6-2 
S CASAL (Sp)and MISS R REGGl (ft) bt D 
J Cahill (Aus) and Miss J E GoodSng 
(US). 6-4. 3-6, 

bt L Warder (Aus) and Miss A L Muiter 
(AusK 7-5. 6-4. 


Key to countries 

Aig: Argentina; Auk Australia: Bet Bel- 
gium; Sr Brazil; But Bulgaria: Cate 
Canada; Cot Colombia; Cz Czecho- 
slovakia: Dan; Denmark; Bs Ecuador Fee 
Finland; Fir: France: GB: Great Britain: Gr 
Greece; ML Hong Kona; Haig: Hungary: 
IndK Indonesia; £k Ireland; bn Israel: it 
Italy; Max: Mexico; Mon: Monaco: Nath: 
Netherlands: NZ: New Zratend: Pin 
Paraguay. Pha PMHppines; Pot Poland: 
Port Portugal; P Rico: Puerto Rico; Rom: 
Romania: SA: South 'Africa; S Hoc S 
Korea: Sp: Soar: Sira: Sweden; Strife 
Switzerland; That Thailand: Ura: Uru- 
US: United States; USSR: Sonet 
Vtan Venezuela; WG: Weal Ger- 
many; Vug: Yugoslavia; Zba Zimbabwe. 

way to defeat (Photograph Ian Stewart) 

er victory and Lloyd on her 

The Frenchman, Henri Le- 
conte. who plays Boris Becker in 
the men's singles semi-finals 
today, is not loo. popular in his 
own country, because he Hits the 
ball too hard. Leconte, who beat . 
Pat Cash in the quarter-finals on 
Wednesday, cannot help him- 
self. When he sees a ball, he belts 

His friend and coach. Patrice 
Dominguez, said: "Henri is 
more popular at Wimbledon 
than in Paris.In France the 
people like to see long rallies. 
They don't like to see Henri 
going for big winners. They are 
just not used to it. He prefers the 
Wimbledon crowds because 
they like his style and give him 
so much support. And he thinks 
grass is a simple surface to play 

Bui againstBecker he will be 
out to even a score. "It will be 
like the World Cup," said 
Leconte, a football enthusiast. 
“Germany beat France and I'm 
looking for revenge." 

Should Becker and Slobodan 
Zi vojinovic, of Yugoslavia (who 
plays Ivan Lendl in today's 
other semi-final), meet in the 
Wimbledon final on Sunday, it 
will be just like home. Both live 
in Monte Carlo and practice 

together almost daily when they 
are not engaged in tournaments. 

Zivojinovic. who describes 
his Wimbledon semi-final 
appearance as "the biggest thing 
in my career”, said: "Boris and 1 
have been playing together since 
last year, sometimes for three or 
four hours a day. But I think it's' 
not so good if you play with the 
same person every day. You can 
close your eyes and know what 
they an? going to play." 

Well. ‘Bobo', as Zivojinovic is 
known on the circuit, might live 
to rejoice in his knowledge of 
the champion’s game. 

League ideas 

Wigan are attempting to solve 
I he promotion and relegation 
problem by proposing to the 
Rugby League, a system of three 
down and two up, during the 
next two seasons. 

At the recent annual meeting 
of clubs. Various ideas were 
discussed to reduce the first 
division from 16 to 14 dubs. 
Yesterday Maurice Lindsay, the 
Wigan vice chairman, said other 
ideas. like five down and three 
up, or three down and one up. 
were either unfair or 

Connor and Lynch campaign to ostracize Budd at Games 

From Pat Butcher 
Athletics Correspondent, Dresden 

Keith Connor and Andrea Lynch, 
two of the most respected former 
British athletes of West In dian 
origin, are to canvass a move by 
black members of the England 
Commonwealth Games team to os- 
tracize Zola Budd for her continuing 
South African connection. This fol- 
lows a demand from Tessa 
Sanderson, the Olympic javelin 
champion, that Miss Bndd should 
condemn apart-heid. 

Connor, the Commonwealth and 

the Olympic bronze medal, feels that 
black team members are afraid to 
voice their feelings about Miss Bndd 
for fear of reprisals from officials, 
whom they perceive to be backing 
the Sooth African-born athlete's 
every move. 

Connor, who, like Miss Lynch, is 
here on the European Grand Prix 
circuit as a coach, said yesterday: 
"When we leave the shores of 
Britain, we are our country’s ambas- 
sadors and for black people in 
Britain. But as {ong as Zola Budd 
refuses to take any stance, she Is still 

perceived as South African. 

"One of the reasons I’m saying 
. this now is that there’s going to be a 
large-scale massacre of black people 
in South Africa. I’m not saying Zola 
can save that situation, but she can 
contribute to it beneficially. She is a 
fantastic athlete, but she owes the 
British team an explanation as to 
why she isn't taking a stance. 

“What is a further disgrace is that 
the only reason that she will stop to 
train in Britain rather than go back 

borne as she has been doing for the 
last two years, is the inflammatory 
situation in South Africa.*' 

Miss Lynch, who held the United 
Kingdom 100 metres record for 10 
years, and was awarded the MBE in 
1978, now lives in Los Angeles, and 
teaches at an inter-racial foundation. 
She is on her way to Britain for the 
first time in six years to attend the 
Commonwealth Games, and is back- 
ing Connor's move to talk to the 
black athletes in the British team 
and ask them to voice their true 
feelings about Miss Bndd. 

Miss Lynch said yesterday: **If I 
were on the England team for the 
Commonwealth Games with Zota 
Bndd in it, in the current situation, I 
would boycott Edinburgh. She is stlli 
seen as South African, and Britain is 
getting a lot of negative publicity for 
thaL I’m not going to be comfortable 
going to a meeting at Crystal Palace 
and watching Zola Bndd.” 

Nigeria is the only country which 
is planning an official complaint 
about the participation of Miss Budd 
in Edinburgh, but it is felt that they 
will not go so far as to boycott the 
Commonwealth Games. 




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Faldo keeps company 
with the demigod 

From Mitchell Platts, Versailles 

Nick Faldo, conspicuous by 
his absence from the leader 
boards during the last two 
years, made his presence felt 
once more with a first-round 
of 66 in the Peugeot Open on 
the La Boulie course here 

Inevitably, Severiano 
Ballesteros scored a 65. main- 
taining one of the most as- 
tounding sequences of form 
that even this demigod of the 
game has produced, but there 
was no disguising the delight 
of Faldo as he compiled his 
score alongside the Spaniard. 

"I think that playing with 
Severiano, especially when he 
is in this kind of form, can 
inspire you," Faldo said. “It 
was important to have a good 
round as it would seem the 
scoring is likely to be very low 
this week." 

What was most impressive 
about Faldo’s performance 
was the aggressive manner in 
which he played his last 
nine holes after suffering an 
acute embarrassment. He be- 
gan at the 10th. looked every 
inch as sharp as Ballesteros 
and then unaccountably took 
four putts at the 1 8th. 

Faldo has on occasions 
allowed such calamities to 
destroy his rhythm. He did 
not this time. Faldo coaxed 
home the puli of 10 feet for a 
birdie at the first — his 10th 
hole - then went on to birdie 
each or the last three holes. 

Ballesteros was impressed. 
"I like the way that Nick is 
swinging now." he said. “I 
changed mv swing in the 
winter of 1979-80 and it can 
take time to regain complete 
confidence. 1 was fortunate 
because I won the US Masters 
in the spring." 

The Spaniard altered his 
swing because he was worried 

that his career might be 
brought to a premature end 
because of the strain he was 
placing on his back. Faldo 
elected to change his because 
he was horrified by the errors 
that he saw in his swing after 
viewing it on video a little 
more than a year ago. 

“I wrote down a shopping 
list of all the things that I 
coufd see wrong and I finished 
wiih more than a dozen 
items." Faldo said. “My head 
' position, my balance, my take- 
away, my down-swing — you 
name it. and it was wrong". 

Faldo has persevered in 
moulding a new swing, with 
the assistance of the golf 
instructor, David Leadbeiter. 
but he is only now gaining 
some reward for his 
endeavours. “I have eliminat- 
ed 95 per cent of the faults and 
I am hoping to see David next 
week for confirmation, but 
everything'is right." he added. 

Ballesteros is 74 under par 
for his 29 rounds in Europe 
this season. That does not 
include the 61 he had in the 
pro-am here on Wednesday. 

In his 65 yesterday he gathered 
seven birdies and missed the 
chance of another by taking 
three putts at the long eighth 
after reaching the green in two. 

unless stated): 65: S Ballesteros 
(Sp). 66: N Faldo. M Wiltshire (SA). 
67: C Rocca (It). N Hansen. B Smith 
(US). 68: R Stewart (Can). L 
Carbon etti (Ara). W Riley (Aus)- O 
Sellberg (Swe). R Lee. 69: W 
Westner (SA). F Barter, M Johns 

M Few. R Boxafl. J Quires (Sp). d 
Pruitt (US). A Sowa (ArgX G Cali (»), 


Australians routed by 
devastating Aspinall 

Turner (NZ). M Roe, P Simmons 

ri: B Langor (WG). S Torrance, 

On the final day of the. sixth 
Test Match in the Westwood 
international croquet series. 
Great Britain won against 
Australia when Nigel Aspinall 
defeated the Australian captain, 
Neil Spooner, in two games with 
fine displays of controlled 

.Aspinall was particularly dev- 
astating in the first game, not 
allowing his opponent to score a 

Hagler an 

Brockton, Massachusetts, 
(Reuter) - Marvelous Marvin 
Hagler, middleweight champi- 
on of the world, who was 
expected to announce a big- 
money fight against Sugar Ray 
Leonard, yesterday said that 
he was instead considering 
retirement- With rumours rag- 
ing about an $8 million (£5.3 
million) pay day for Hagler to 
meet Leonard, the former 
welterweight and junior mid- 
dleweight world title holder, 
Hagler stunned a news confer- 
ence by saying he was thinking 
of quitting. 

“1 have been a great 
champion." Hagler, aged 32. 
said. “I would like to leave the 
game and ^walk out a proud 

Hagler. who has won 62 of 
his 66 contests, said he had 
made plenty of money and 
would like to move on “while 
I still have my faculties 
together.” His wife, Bertha, 
said: “I have a lot of influence 
on him and I think he will 
retire.” Pat Pcironelli. his 
manager, professed bewilder- 
ment. “He said something 
strange.^ He said money’s not 

point and finishing with a triple 

The series continues with the 
seventh Test Match between 
New Zealand and Australia at 
Southwick on July 5 to 7. 

Results ot singles matches. GB 
names first Irwin beat Bidencope 
+1 +25. Openshaw beat Chambers 
+4 -24 +23. McCullough lost to 
CteJand -2 +1 -5. Aspinall beat 
Spooner +26 (TP) +22. 


Three of 

last four 
in debt 
to Tiriac 

By Richard Evans 

Not since Rod Laver, John 
Newcombe and Tony Rocpe 
reached the last four in 1969 
has one man exerted the kind 
of influence on three Wimble- 
■ don semi-finalists as Ion 
Tiriac has this year. 

The three great Australians 
were all influenced to some 
degree by the late Harry 
Hopman. probably the great- 
est motivator and disciplinar- 
ian the game has known. 
Tiriac is cut from a very 
different doth. 

The rugged Romanian 
might stir up images of dark 
dealings in the back streets of 
Bucharest but Boris' Becker, 
Slobodan Zivojinovic and 
Henri Leconte, as well as 
anyone else who has worked 
closely with him wflj tell you, 
is a different story. 

Tiriac’s carefully cultivated 
image may scare people into 
adding another nought to the 
contracts when he negotiates 
on behalf of his players. But 
sooner or later they discover 
his grow! is worse than his 
bite. ■ 

Not that he lacks an appe- 
tite for an eye for the big deal. 
Becker’s three-year contract 
with Puma, which makes his 
rackets and his shoes, is 
reputed to be in excess of $25 
million (£16 million). But the 
management side of the tennis 
business constitutes only part 
ofTiriac’s influence Because it 
was as a coach, originally with 
Guillermo Vilas, that he began 
to make his name, after an 
average career as a player in 
the early days of the grand prix 

Leconte, as a rebellious 
youth of 17, was Tiriac’s first 
pick after Vilas became estab- 
lished but they agreed to go 
their own ways at appro xi- 
mately the same . time as 
Becker appeared on the scene. 
Zivojinovic, a larger than life 
character searching for an 
anchor as he floated around 
the periphery of the circuit,, 
joined the stable last year and 
promptly rewarded Tiriac’s 
patience by beating John 
McEnroe on his way to the 
semi-finals of the Australian 
Open last December. 

A final between Ivan Lendl 
and Leconte would not be 
Tiriac’s choice but if that 
happens he could at least 
derive some satisfaction from 
the work he put in during the 
Frenchman's formative years. 

However, if Leconte’s wide 
variety of skills should prove 
more explosive than Becker’s 
today, Tiriac will rightfu. 
stand bade and allow Patrice 
Dominguez to take his full 
share of the credit The former 
French No.l has returned to 
Leconte’s side after a prospec- 
tive deal for Manuel Santana 
to act as his coach fell through. 
The improvement in 
Leconte’s tactical game has 
been immediately evident. 

Nevertheless, Becker beat 
Leconte in four sets in their 
only previous meeting here at 
the quarter-final stage last year 
and although 1 expect this 
encounter to be closer, I am 
slicking with my prediction 
that the youngest Wimbledon 
champion in history will re- 
tain his crown. 

Lendl, who is being turned 
into a grass court player by 
Roche, one of .these 1969 
semi-finalists, must be 
favourite to beat Zivojinovic. 
.the more so now that he has 
been thoroughly tested by the 
admirable Tim Mayotte. But 
Lendl is still vulnerable to any 
who feels completely at ease 
on grass and the massive 
Yugoslav has been convinced, 
ever since his success in 
Melbourne, that natural turf is 
tailor-made for his pounding 

take the 

By David Miller 
Another year gone by, an- 
other tale of Britain being a 
bystander at its own gala. It is 
symptomatic of oar secondary 
role in international tennis 
that two of those vested^ with' 
the prime responsibility' for 
restoring British prestige, 
Paul Hutchins and MsrfcGoi, ; 
the Davis Cup captain;- and 
coach respectively, should 
both be sitting in commentary 
boxes rather than being out 
and about round the course 
trying to analyse why we fag 
behind other nations. Plnrhaps ! 
dear Dan MaskeO has set . the 



standard: what we are really 
good at is commentating^ _a_ 
If the Lawn Tennis Assodftr 
don were a business, andnota 
self-electing body of seemingly, 
unde mandin g standards, ■ un- 
exposed to normal life’s 
■ harsher realities, heads’ wouQ . 
surely roll. _• " :V- 

For the past four years^the 
organization has been recefv- •. 
ing more than £4mtliioa a 7 ■ 
year, and this year its share' 
from the Ail England Club's 
profits from a •' :. r \ v -'{. 

Time to collect 
their cards 

Lewis leads 

Carl Lewis, the quadruple 
Olympic gold medal winner, 
leads a 15-surong American 
squad competing at the 
Peugeot Talbot Games at 
Crystal Palace on Friday, July 
IL, Lewis, winner In the 
sprints, long jump and 4x 100 
metres relay at Los Angeles, 
runs in the 200 metres against 
John Regis (Bclgrave) and 
Todd Bennett (Southampton), 
England' Commomwealth 
Games pair. Calvin Smith, the 
fastest runner over 100 me- 
tres. competes at the shorter 
distance. Other members are 
Valeric Brisco-Hooks. Olym- 
pic 200 metres. 400 metres 
and 4 x 100 metres relay gold 
medal winner, and Danny 
Harris, Olympic silver medal 
winner (400 metres hurdles). 
More athletics, page 30. 

Brazil top 

The International Football 
Federation (FIFA) yesterday 
proclaimed Brazil winners of 
the World Cup fair play 

Jo ao Havelange, president 
of FIFA, presented Octavio 
Pinto Guimaraes, president of 
the Brazilian Football Associ- 
ation (CBF), with a certificate 
and a trophy after the Brazil- 
ians were chosen “the champi- 
ons of sportsmanship" In 
their five matches, only three 
Brazilian players were shown 
yellow cards, none of them 
because of violent play, 
Havelange said. 

Transfer is off 

The proposed basketball 
transfer exchange deal involv- 
ing Dip Donaldson of Bir- 
mingham Bullets and Colin 
McNish of Team Polycell 
Kingston has been called off 
because Donaldson would not 
be allowed to play for Kings- 
ton in the European Cup 
Winners’ Cup as an English 
player because he is still 
classified as a foreigner. Eric 
Woodward, the Former chief 
executive of Wolverhampton 
Wanderers FC and 
commcricial manager of As- 
ton Villa, has been appointed 
a director of Bullets.. He 
replaces Terry Donovan, who 
has resigned 

fortnight’s glorious sunshine 
will again be over iSmilljan. 
Yet on grass, supposedly the 
British surface, we have- had 
no man in the last; 32, no 
woman in the last id. L 

Returning from tiie hyper- 
critical environment of the 
World Cup. In Mexico, it is 
unavoidable coming to the 
condos ion that If Hutchins, 
and Charles Applewaite, the 
director 'of coaching, woe in 
that sport, they wouM have - 
collected their cards. ; . ; 

This is not to say that their 
long-term objectives, their 
coaching principles, are not 
admirably designed. Tim fad 
is, however, that in profession- 
al sport it is results that count, 
and jndging -from present 
trends, some 30 years after 
Fred Perry’s last victory, Brit- 
ain may well have to wait 
another 30 years to produce a 

Something is wrong; we 
cannot forever po on saying 
that it is the British weather. 
Fat Cash and Boris Becker 
were not created by their 
climate. The LTA official 
handbook lists some 300 
professoral coaches and 700 
associate coaches. The game is 
not short of advice, bat it has 
to be questioned whether ft is 
the right advice. 

When a system is not 
working, In business or sport, 
ft is necessary to look first at 
tiie top. Those at the top of tiie . 
LTA, in either administration 
or coaching, should be feeling 

A few years ago Jo Dmie 
had the makings of a success- ■ 
fnl player. Some of the credit ; 
for that was undoubtedly due 
to her coach, Alan Jones. 
Then her progress stalled. It - 
has to be answered wbether . 
that was on account of her 
incapacity, technical or tern- 
-perainentai, to. continue to . 
ad ranee, whether the input J 

which Jones- was capabfe of ' 
contributing its 

limit: on the basis erih^ofhis. ; , 
knowledge and experienc*^.or : 
the relationship betm ct pJay-' 
er and coach which, is 'fuada-- 
mental to all such one-on-one 

Too parochial, 
too jealous ^ 

Because tire establishment • 
of British coaching and admin- . - 
istratiou is hierarchical, ■ too - 1 
many indmdnals tend to .be 
protecting their positions, : 
rather than thrusting dram-, 
selves in ad attitude of total 
commitment which - might, 
make them vulnerable. -If tiie- 
system at the fop is intofoarV 
era tic, and the coaching .of 
individual players is by coin •. 
mittee appointment ■ rather -• _■ 
than instinctive relationships , 
discovered by trial and error . 
on the circuit, coaches lower . - 
down the scale lead to bag-, 
onto their young protiiges past • ’ 
the point when they-'.cui: ,. 
usefully assist them. The best 
instructors in ballet and music 
are those who know when the • 
moment has arrived: at which:;-.! 
they should pass their . pupils- 
into more able hands.: 

The environment- (^ British. - 
coaching is too- parodual,'..^ 
protective and jealous. In sjport ’ 
as in art, sound advice should* 
be a free-flowing currency with 
no restriction on exchange* - If - 
the preoccupation of leader- .. 
ship is the security of its own 
position, then investment, of 
money and people, is always 
likely to be unproductive. 

It is indicative of the British 
system that Roger TayIor,-the - 
most competitive of post-war „ 
players, has been coaching 
largely^ overseas, Jfat vTtiuy . . 
Pickard is giving bra know*. U 
edge; to the Swedes« and flya* --/■ 
resident foreigners, ^udr as! ':. 
Frew McMillan ami Fletcher, 
are not embraced by / tiie ; 
system and even resist iti'-‘ . 

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