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No 62,502 




Howe mission ?.S 
decision to 

be made today -sssp^ 

... 9/ championship at Wimbled 

th* p_ - m . w- ■ , PhiU P Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 

eoffrey Howe wS^oday inTnr in?S?!l_.9?rS CP< * ci P aJ P° inl ° r first 

xnde whether the Foreign *?£ ° n of P«baps even- three visits 

•cretarv’s near* mirc^ ^ descnbing the was to talk to him and the 

Geoffrey Howe will today 
. decide whether the Foreign 
Secretary’s peace mission to 
southern Africa should go 
ahead tomorrow as planned, 
after the snub to the British 
Government from President 
Botha of South Africa. 

The first stage of Sir 
Geoffreys diplomatic shuttle 
■ was clearly in the balance last 
night after Mr Botha had said 
he could not see him this 
week, a deeply embarrassing 
development for the 

rMrs Thatcher and Sir Geof- 
frey. possibly in consultation 
with other senior ministers, 
will today decide whether the 
trip .should be delayed or 
whether it should continue 
without talks with Mr Botha, 
risking opposition jibes that 
Sir Geoffrey had embarked on 
a futile mission. 

Diplomatic efforts were 
continuing throughout yester- 
day to try to get the South 
African President to change 
his mind, but the Government 
was not optimistic of success 
last night 

News of Mr Botha's non- 
availability — he is believed by 
British sources to be holiday- 
ing on a farm “miles away 
from anywhere” — came on 
lop of reports that anti-apart- 
beid campaigners, including 
Bishop Tutu and Mrs Winnie 
Mandela, also intended to 
snub the mission. 


I Graduation I 
, daze 

o„iu . iu ui i & lu Him a i lu me 

Botha snub as not wholly jailed ANC leader. Mr Nelson 
unexpected and due as much Mandela. Last night meetings 

as anvinine ift rvMimi ...:.i -.i j I-I..1.. 

as anything else to political 
pressure on him at home from 
the far right. 

“He does appear to be 
genuinely on holiday and to 
race back and to be seen as 

Blacks killed 5 

Botha snub 5 

Leading article 1! 

obeying the whims of the 
British Prime Minister and 
Foreign Secretary would not 
help him domestically, ” a 
government source said 

Mr Botha has apparently 
made clear he is willing to see 
Sir Geoffrey later tn the 

It was said yesterday that if 
Sir Geoffrey leaves tomorrow 
as planned — he had been 
expecting to spend two days in 
South Africa and another in 
Zambia — he could still see Mr 
Pik Botha, the South African 
Foreign Minister, and have 
discussions with President 
Kaunda of Zambia and possi- 
bly with Mr Robert Mugabe, 
the Prime Minister of 

He could then return later 
in the month for discussions 
with Mr Botha. But the Botha 
move is embarrassing for the 
Government because the prin- 

wiih neither seemed likely. 

Conservative MPs were yes- 
terday rallying to Sir Geoffrey, 
even those on the right who 
are fiercely opposed to sanc- 
tions. Sir Patrick Wall, MP for 
Beverley, said • in a BBC 
interview: “I believe every- 
thing depends upon this mis- 
sion of Sir Geoffrey's and 1 
cannot believe that Preisdent 
Botha, whom 1 know quite 
well, will be foolish enough 
not to see him." 

Mr Donald Anderson, 
Labour's foreign afairs spokes- 
man. said yesterday that he 
was not suprised by the grow- 
ing difficulties over the 

“It has always been a for- 
lorn odyssey.” he said. “I 
would not like to see Sir 
Geoffrey humiliated because 
he is a decent man and dearly 
did not want to go in the first 
place, but he must realize he is 
seen as the emissary of Mrs 

An announcement about Sir 
Geoffrey's travel plans is ex- 
pected later today after his 
talks with the Prime Minister. 

Suggestions that he was 
ready to resign over the sanc- 
tions issue were authorit- 
atively discounted yesterday. 

in style 

By Rex Bellamy 
Tennis Correspondent 

Boris Becker, of West Ger- 
many, aged 18, yesterday re- 
tained the men’s singles 
championship at Wimbledon 
by beating the United States 
and French champion, Iran 
Lendl, 6-4, 6-3, 7-5. 

—Wi nning Wimbledon this 
year was more satisfying than 
last year,” Becker said after- 

l wards. “Then I was a nobody. 

i This year I really proved that I 
j r»n play well on grass. I think 
I am playing with more power 
than last year, hot the key is 
really my bead — it's a 
hundred per cent better than 
last year, or even a couple of 
months ago.” 

Lendl came to Wimbledon 
only two weeks after the 
emotionally and physically tir- 
ing ordeal of winning the 
French championship on a 
much slower surface, shale. 
“If your priority was to con- 
centrate solely on winning 
Wimbledon, you would hare to 
skip the French,” Lendl said 
after the game. 

The mens' doubles title went 
to Joakim Nystrom and Mats 
Wi lander, who had never be- 
fore reached the doubles final 
of a grand slam tournament. 
Martina Navratilova, the 
women's singles champion, 
won the donbles title with Pam 
Shrirer for the fifth time in six 
years and Ken Flach and 
Kathy Jordan won the mixed 

The total attendance for the 
championships was a record, 

• Nigel Mansell of Britain, 
driving a Can on- W illiams- 
Honda, won the French Grand 

Still reigning: Becker home and dry at Wimbledon. 

Prix at Dijon by 17 seconds 
from the local hero, Alain 
Prost, the world's leading 
driver, in a Marlboro- 
McLaren-TAG. It was 
Mansell's third grand prix win 
of the season and took him to 
within one point of the cham- 
pionship leader. 

• Severiano Ballesteros, of 

Spam, won the French Open 
golf tournament in Paris with 
a 19-nnder-par total of 269. 
Vincente Fernandez, of Argen- 
tina, was second with 271. 
Nick Faldo, of Britain, was 
three shots behind Fernandez, 
in fourth place. 

Reports, pages 30 and 32 

Pope visits Jenkins wins Synod ovation Jail staff 

after facing his critics threaten 

Exploding offers, 
golden, hellos, 
biodata ... all lie in 
the path of this 
.year s top college- 
leavers. How have 
they fered in the 
career stakes? 

— ( Q<dd— 

m The £16,000 Times 
Portfolio Gold competi- 
tion weekly prize — dou- 
ble the usual amount as 
there was no winner the 
previous week — was 
shared on Saturday by 
five readers, and the 
£8,000 daily prize, also 
double the usual 
.amount, was shared by 

• The five who shared the 
£16,000 were Mr A L H Ryalf, of 
New MOton, Hants; Mrs Marga- 
ret Belt, of Wantage, Ox on; 
Mrs C Broadbent, <rt Maiden- 
head, Berks; Mr K Young, of 
Banstead, Surrey; and-Mrs C 
Thomas, of Rugby, Warwicks. 

• The three who shared the 
£8,000 were Mr fl Cterjc, of 
Sevenoaks, Kent; Mr J 
Gwizdala, of London WC1; and 
Mr D Caley, of Jartow, South 

• There is another 
£4,000 to be won today. 

• Portfolio list, page 20; 
rules, and how to play* 
information service, 

page 16 - 

On This Day 

One million Chinese troops 
and 300.000 Japanese were 
reported as killed by July 7, 
1938. after the first years 
fighting between the two na- 
tions 1 1 

Bristol passes 

Bristol University 1 honours 
degrees and Cambridge Uni- 
versity Tripos examination 
results in philosophy (part I nk 
classics (part 2) and tam 
(parts I and 2) are published 
today P»6 e25 

that was 

From Geoffrey Matthews 

..In the ntosi dramatic and' 
emotional moment of his visit 
io Colombia, the Pope yester- 
day prayed in the “immense 
cemetery” of Armero, the 
town that vanished in floods 
and mud avalanches when the 
Nevado del Ruiz volcano 
erupted last November. 

Standing on a simple wood- 
en platform where the central 
plaza used to be. he read an 
oration for the estimated 
25.000 souls who perished. 

He then walked to a con- 
crete cross at the site of the 
parish church. He embraced 
the cross, knelt and bowed his 
head in silent prayer. 

On the way to Armero, the 
Pope flew low in an Air Force 
helicopter over other towns 
affected by the disaster to bless 
them. From the air he saw the 
full extent of the damage 

Later be flew to Lerida, 
where he was greeted by 
President Betancur amid 
scenes of near-hysteria. One 
distraught woman . survivor 
held up a scrawled message: 
“Bring back my child.” 
Expulsion condemned, page 7 

By Clifford LongJey, Religious Affairs Correspondent 

• The Bishop of Durham, the 
Right Rev David Jenkins, 
faced his critics in rhe church 
and triumphed over them 
yesterday at the General Svik, 
ocf of the Church of England in’ 
York. He received a long and 
loud ovation after a bold and 
challenging account of his 
doctrinal opinions, which had 
landed him in so much trouble 
in the past. 

The Synod was debating a 
report from the bishops, com- 
missioned last year after the 
angry controversy that sur- 
rounded the Bishop's appoint- 
ment to Durham in 1 984. 

He came very close to 
accusing his opponents ot 
idolatry. The God they 
seemed to believe in was 
either a cultic idol or “the very 
devil”, he declared. He ac- 
cused them of believing in a 
“divine laser beam” by which 
God had arranged the virginal 
conception of Christ and the 
resurrection, and of insisting 
that only that belief was 
tolerable in the church. 

His central argument, which 
the Synod received in rapt 
silence, was that people would 
not believe in a God who 
worked miracles sometimes, 
yet stood by and did nothing 
miraculous to prevent Ausch- 

witz and Hiroshima. He said 
he had hesitated a great deal 
before deciding to make that 
point. When he finished a 
large part of the Synod stood 
to applaud him, including 
many of his critics. 

He declared: “We are faced 
with the claim that God is 

Debate report 
Leading article 

page 4 

prepared to work knock-down 
physical miracles in order to 
let a select number of people 
into the secret of his Incarna- 
tion, Resurrection, and salva- 
tion, but he is not prepared to 
use such methods in order to 
deliver from Auschwitz; pre- 
vent Hiroshima; overcome 
famine, or bring about a 
bloodless transformation of 
apartheid. Such a God is 
surely a cultic idol. That is to 
say he is a false and mis- 
developed picture of the true 
and gracious God, drawn up 
by would-be worshippers, who 
have gone dangerously 

Such a God “prefers a few 
selected worshippers to all the 
sufferers of our world”. Such a 
God “is certainly not worth 
believing in”. The Bishop, 
suffering a throat infection. 

Third doctor flies to liner 

Home Ne»s 2-4 
Appts W-jJ 

Arts , 15 

Births, deaths, 
marriages « 

Business 17-20 

Court 14 


Diary jg 

Features 8-10 

Law Report 


Letters J1 
Obituary \* 
Parliament !4,Io 
Prenr Bonds 16 
Religion J4 
Science _ 
Sport 28*32 
Theatres, etc 31 
TV' & Radio 31 
Universities 25 
Weather to 


* # * * *SL 

By Thomson Prentice 

Two health officers who 
boarded the cruise liner. Can- 
berra. to investigate an infec- 
tion which struck more than 
150 passengers will be joined 
by a third expert flown from 
Britain when the ship calls in 
at a Spanish port today. 

The outbreak of sickness, 
which happened when the P & 
O ship was on a seven-day trip 
to the Canaries. Spain and 
Portugal last week, is the latest 
and most serious to occur on 
the last three cruises, the 
company confirmed 
yester day. 

by Aquino 
on revolt 

By Our Foreign Staff 

President Corazon Aquino 
of the Philippines yesterday 
warned supporters of ex-Presi- 
dent Marcos who declared a 
breakaway government in 
Manila that arrests would be 
made if there were any signs of 

Cheered by Marcos sup- 
porters. Mr Arturo Tolentino 
yesterday took an oath as 
acting president of the break- 
away government. 

Mrs Aquino, visiting the 
southern island of Mindanao, 
said she was sure Mr Marcos's 
supporters tipped him off 
about her absence. She had 
ordered arrests “the minute 
they show signs of using 
violence”. , _ 

pro- Marcos revolt, page 5 

Food and water supplies on 
the 45.000-tonne liner had 
been monitored but tests had 
proved negative, the company 
said. “We would not have 
sailed if we thought there was 
a health risk ” 

There had been isolated 
cases of similar illness on 
board since the liner called at 
Port Said last May and passen- 
gers went, ashore on 

When the liner arrived at 
Southampton on Saturday, 
medical officers from the port 
authority went on board to 
investigate the infection, after 

being alerted by a radio mes- 
sage from the ship's medical 

However they were unable 
to trace the source of the 
infection, which caused vom- 
iting and diarrhoea lasting for 
24 hours, among 150 of the 
1.600 passengers, and three 
crew. __ 

The medical officers sailed 
with the ship and its new 
complement of holiday-mak- 
ers when it left for a two-week 
cruise on Saturday night. 

The ship is due to arrive in 
Malaga today, its first port of 
call on the new cruise. 

faltered at times in his deliv- 
ery' and seemed to be speaking 
with great passion. 

He included a jibe at the 
Synod for its. failure, the day 
before, to agree io a measure 
permitting visiting women 
priests to operate in England. 
The Synod should not be 
“bullied, frightened or dis- 
mayed by backward-looking 
references to tradition or 
bound by a past in which God 
no longer lives. 

“He lives now and for the 
future. Above all we need to 
pray very earnestly that God 
will, of His very great mercy, 
spare us the ultimate humilia- 
tion and honor of discussing 
about him and deciding about 
the ordering of a party of his 
church in ways which deny his 
mystery, his freedom, his infi- 
nite openness, and his incredi- j 
bly suffering love." 

The Synod is to return to | 
the issue of women priests 
tomorrow but it has become 
clear that after the defeat of 
the measure in two of the three 
houses in the Synod, there is 
now a much greater reluctance 
to proceed further. 

The Bishop of Durham was 
followed immediately by his 

Continued on page 4, col 6 

MPs told of 
foreign aid 

Britain's aid to developing 
countries is often wasted on 
useless schemes that do noth- 
ing to help the poorest people 

The Commons' all-party 
foreign affairs select commit- 
tee has been given details of 
some of the worst aid schemes 
by the Independent Group on 
British Aid. a group of aca- 
demics and voluntary agen- 

The group is concerned 
over ihe Government's plans 
to get voluntary agencies to 
take a bigger role Page2 

to step up 

By Peter Evans, Home 

Affairs Correspondent 

Prison officers leaders have 
threatened to spread industri- 
al action to other jails if talks 
today with Home Office offi- 
cials about the dispute at 
Risley Remand Centre, 
Cheshire, fail. 

“We are not very optimistic 
in the least.” Mr John Bartell. 
chairman of the Prison Offi- 
cers Association (POAk said 
after a two hour meeting of its 
national executive yesterday. 

“We are advising our 
24.000 members to stand by 
for further instructions. Ev- 
erything will depend on the 
outcome of tomorrow's meet- 
ing. but if talks fail the 
instructions to our industrial 
action sub-committee are 
quite clear. 

“They are to escalate action 
to other establishments and 
lake whatever steps are neces- 
sary to support our colleagues 
at Risley Remand Centre.” 

The dispute at Risley is over 
plans to use a high security 
wing lo house “overflow” 
prisoners, and to move two 
prison officers there to guard 

The officers claim that the 
move would result in unsafe 
manning levels in the rest of 
the women's wing. Fifty offi- 
cers have already walked our 
in protest. 

The clash coincides wiih the 
first results of a ballot on 
calling off the Iasi industrial 
action, since suspended, taken 
by prison officers. According 
to a POA official, initial 
indications are that most were 
in favour of ending it. 

A Home Office spokesman 
said last night that it had no 
comment to make until after 
the meeting. The Prison De- 
partment had been assured by 
the POA that no further 
industrial action would be 
taken, pending the outcome. 
Dispute renewed, page 2 

Radio beckons the man in the street 

By Patricia Clough 

Twenty-six supposedly ordi- 
nary people are polishing their 
wits hi the hopes of becoming a 
-man-in-the-street” panellist 
on Radio Four's Any 
Questions ? 

The staff of Any Questions? 
will be auditioning the candi- 
dates in London on July 8 for 
possible places on the pro- 
gramme, after critics ms that 
it has become too dominated 
by politicians plugging the 
party fine. 

Among the hopefuls are the 
director of a military vehicle 
museum, a Norfolk farmer, a 
psychiatrist, the chairman of a 
water hoard, a writer, a busi- 
ness man and a couple of 

It alt started quite uninten- 
tionally on Radio Four's feed- 
back programme in February 
with a remark by Carole 
Stone, the programme's pro- 

ducer, in response to sugges- 
tions that she include more 
“ordinary” people. 

“If yon can find me a *man in 
the street’ who is witty, articu- 
late, sunnsing, knowledgeable 
and who will answer a question 
spontaneously and have back- 
ground knowledge, then I’ll 
consider him, even if no-one's 
ever beard of him.” she said. 

Before she knew where she 
was she bad received 140 
letters, half of them from 
people proposing themselves 
and half from people suggest- 
ing friends or spouses. “At 
first I was simply going to send 
them polite thank-you slips 
but then I thought ‘maybe 
there really is someone lurking 
out there who would be good 
for the programme. Let's find 
out their backgrounds'.” 

Being a panellist is a lot 
harder than many people 
think, she said. “You hare got 
io have very firm opinions on 

ail topics of current affairs, 
both national and internation- 
al. Yon can't be woolly.” 

She emphasized that the 
programme invited many 
prominent people from various 
walks of life, some of whom 
were not always very good. 
Politicians at least were al- 
ways articulate. “They make 
sure they have an opinion on 

But on dose inspection a 
number of the 20 men and six 
women, candidates do not seem 
quite as “ordinary” as every- 
body else. 

There is Mr Raymond 
Moubiot, a breezy, talkative 
man who turns out to be not 
only the chairman of Camp- 
bells GK, the soup firm, but 
also the president of Mr 
Michael Heseltine'S Henley 
Conservative Association, the 
chairman of the Oxford and 
Buckinghamshire Euro con- 
stituency and an experienced 

public and political speaker. 

“Men and women iu the 
street come in all shapes and 
sizes and I certainly consider 
myself to be one.” be says. 
Although be Is active in poli- 
tics, be says he has no axe to 

Another strong contender is 
Mr Kevin Carey, of 
Hnrstpierpouit, who is blind. 
A former president of tbe 
Cambridge Union and editor 
of Varsity, the Cambridge 
University paper, and a one- 
. time BBC radio journalist, he 
is now tbe much-travelled 
Hiaiiflggr of overseas services 
in the Royal Commonwealth 
Society for the Blind and 
prospective SDP candidate for 
Brighton Pavilion. 

Carole Stone admits that 
the people they choose, if any, 
are likely to be far from 
ordinary, but “the point is that 
I would never have beard of 
them otherwise,” she says. 

By Philip Webster, ChifetPdlitical Correspondent 

The Malaysian Govern- 
ment last night rejected a 
personal plea by Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher to spare the life of 
Kevin Barlow, the Briton due 
to be hanged late last night. 

After an appeal from Mr 
Barlow's mother. Barbara, the 
Prime Minister sent a person- 
al note to the Malaysian 
Government asking for clem- 
ency on humanitarian 

But all hope for Mr Barlow 
appeared lo have gone after 
the Governor of Penang, re- 
sponding to Mrs Thatchers 
plea, sent a message through 
the Foreign Office last evening 
which said the country's par- 
dons board was satisfied that 
the necessary legal process had 
been observed and saw no 
cause for reversing its 

Mr Barlow, aged 28 and 
born in Stoke-on-Trent, who 
was given the mandatory- 
death sentence for heroin 
smuggling, was due to go to 
the gallows with Brian Cham- 
bers, an Australian, aged 29. 

Mrs Thatchers appeal, un- 
precedented in her term as 
Prime Minister, was delivered 
yesterday morning by 
Britain's High Commissioner 
in Malaysia. Mr David 

A Whitehall source, refer- 
ring to Mrs Barlow's plea, 
said: “It was a mother to 
mother appeal and the Prime 
Minister has responded on 
that basis.” 

On Saturday Mr Bob 
Hawke, the Australian Prime 
Minister, made a personal 
appeal for clemency 

Mrs Barlow, who emigrated 
to Australia from Stoke-on- 
Trent with her husband and 
children 15 years ago, also 
appealed to the King of Ma- 
laysia. and the Queen, for 

The two men were arrested 
in Penang in November, 1 983. 
when 1 80 grammes of heroin 
was found in their luggage. 
Drugs trafficking carries an 
automatic death sentence in 
Malaysia. They received man- 
datory death sentences 

Lawyers worked into the early 
hours of ihd - morning to 
postpone the hanging but they 
virtually given tip 
hope.(MGG Pillai writes). 

Barring a miracle the two 
men will mount the gallows at 
Kuala Lumpur's Pudu jail 
shortly before 6.00am today 
(local time). 

The Barlow and Chambers 
families saw the two men for 
the last time yesterday for 
nearly five hours between 
1 lam and 4pm. 

Chambers’ parents and his 
sisicr Margaret were distraul. 
their eyes puffy and reddish, 
as they ‘left the prison gates. 
Barlow was visited b> Lee 
Jones of Jericho. Tasmania, 
his common law wife, and 
Christopher his brother. 

Yesterday morning both the 
Barlow and Chambers fam- 
ilies attended Sunday church 
services at the Anglican St 
Mary's church in Kuala 

• In Sydney's Long Bay Pris- 
on, prisoners are reported to 
have resolved to kill four 
Asians if Mr Barlow and Mr 
Chambers were hanged, ac- 
cording to informed sources 
here last nighL The Malasian 
government has asked the 
Australians for police protec- 
tion for its student hostels and 
consular offices in Australia, 
the sources added. 

Hope lost for Kevin Barlow 
(top) and Brian Chambers. 

By Richard Ford 

Hundreds of Royal Ulster 
Constabulary officers, with 
the help of the Army, success- 
fully kept “loyalists" and na- 
tionalists apart during an 
Orangemen's parade through 
two overwhelmingly Catholic 
districts of Portadown, Co 
Armagh, yesterday. 

But the security forces 
found themselves under at- 
tack from both sides. Thirteen 
RUC officers were injured. 

including one who had a dart 
embedded in his neck. 

The RUC said that even 
before the parade began the 
police were verbally and phys- 
ically abused by the loyalists. 
Outside a church service, men 
wearing Orange regalia over- 
turned a police Land-Rover 
with officers inside it. and 
loyalist crowds also damaged 
property near a Catholic 
church. Plastic bullets were 
fired to disperse them. 

RUC prevent dash, page 2 






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Loyalists turn on RUC - 

: '.j* 




Foreign aid to poor 
^wasted on useless 
schemes’, MPs told 

By Sheila Gann, Political Staff 

Britain's aid to developing 
countries is often wasted on 
useless schemes that do noth- 
ing to help the poorest people. 

Details of some of the worst 
aid schemes have been given 
by the Independent Group on 
British Aid to support its 
evidence to the Commons’ all- 
party foreign affairs select 
committee. Those include: 

• £35 million wasted on roll- 
ing slock for the Sicartsa steel 
mill in Mexico; 

• unpalatable groundnuts 
grown in southern Sudan; 

• 50 rotting buses sent to 

• expensive gas turbines sent 

to Egypt; , , 

•the Westland helicopter deal 
with the Indian Government; 

• bagging equipment to 
Bangalore. ...... 

The group, which includes 
academics and voluntary 
agencies who monitor British 
overseas aid. is concerned 

over the Government's plans out its aims. 

ment for leaving the adminis- 
tration of aid to help fight the 
famine in Ethiopia to a third 
secretary at the British 

Its evidence says: “However 
committed and able be or she 
may be. the fact remains that 
she/he has very little status, 
not only in terms of the 
mission but also with regard 
to the aid community at 
laige — and this in a major 
crisis situation in which the 
stakes, political as well as 
humanitarian, were unusually 

In spite of previous recom- 
mendations from the select 
committee, the group said that 
not enough effort had been to 
improve the quality or quanti- 
ty of staff in embassies who 
managed the schemes. 

British aid policy at present 
was not dear, the group said. 
It is urging the Government to 
produce a White Paper to set 

to get volunlajy agencies to The quality of the aid had 

take a bigger role in helping declined even more severely 

poor countries. 

than the quantity, it oondud- 

Professor Charles Elliott, ed. That was partly due to the 
the group’s chairman and drop in the number of profes- 

former director of Christian 
Aid said that except for 
Oxfhm and the Save the 
Children Fund, the voluntary 
agencies did not have the 
technical competence to han- 

siona) advisors in the minis- 
try. British taxpayers surely 
had the right to expect the 
sdentific units to have proper 
scientific leadership, it stated. 

“More particularly, we re- 

dje properly the aid they at gret the virtual disappearance 

present receive. 

In its written evidence the 
group criticized the Govem- 

of such advice in the natural 
resources sector, especially in 
view of assurances by both the 

Minister for Overseas Devel- 
opment (Mr Timothy Raison) 
and the Prime Minister that 
the Government accord this 
sector particular importance.” 

Dr Elliott blamed the 
failings in the aid programme 
on a lack of proper appraisal 
of schemes and lack of assess- 
ment to discover who would 
benefit. In some cases British 
aid had even put some of the 
poorest people out of work. 

He gave as an example a j 
decision to send automatic 
bagging equipment to a fertil- 
izer plant in Bangalore. That 
scheme enabled the plant to 
dismiss the workers. 

Dr Elliott cited the West- 
land helicopter deal with India 
as “almost a classic example 
of bad aid badly handled”. 

He said: “When the Indian 
Government did not want the 
Westland helicopters they 
were told (fay the British 
Government) if they did not 
take them, their aid allocation 
would be cut by the equivalent 
amount — which was £65 

Dr Paul Mosley, of Man- 
chester University and a 
member of the group, told the 
committee that 50 buses were 
sent to Zambia, in spite of the 
High Commission warning 
against the project. The buses 
fell apart within a year, much 
to the dismay of the Zambian 
Government, because aid offi- 
cials did not take into account 
the rough roads. 

Tory MPs 
set to 
revolt in 


tin debate 

' . /''' 'y. : : 

> •*' 

. : 

\ young SUC officer who was die target of a dart thrown daring the march, and (below) Mr I 
Alan Wright, the loyalist leader, am efaing the tactics of the Royal Ulster Constabulary, j 

Huge security for 
Orange parade 

The Government is bracing | 
itself for a possible backbench ; 
revolt and a stormy ride in the | 
Commons tonight when MPs 
debate the crisis in the Cor- 
nish tin industry. 

West Country MPS and 
Tory backbenchers with an 
interest in the metals market 
are likely to join the Opposi- 
tion and vote against the 
Government or abstain to 
show their disquiet over the 
Government’s stand. 

Although Mr Paul 
Channon, Secretary of State 
for Trade and Industry, will 
open the debate, qne of his 
departmental ministers, Mr 
Peter Morrison, will bear the 
brunt of the criticism as he 
winds up the Government’s 

Geoffrey Smith 

Ten years ago 
David Steel was elected 
of the Liberal Party, and a poll 
by MORI in the current issue 
of The Economist suggests 
that if the Alliance were to 

have a single leader he mould 
Ire the preferred choice of both 
Alliance voters and die elec- 
torate at large. 

That shows his durability. 
He is not just clinging to office 
amid mounting speculation as 
to when he wul go. Both the 
Liberals and the v All bore 


Backbench Tones criticize 
the wording of the motion as 
“complacent" for expressing 

tne wording or uie mouou« Liberals and the Affiance 
“complacent for expressing M ^se a tot if he were to 
regret at the virtual collapse of d 

Labour proposes 
to take BT back 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent | 

e Labour Party has gone through the process of 
ndl renationalization. 




By Richard Ford 

Hundreds of police officers 1,300 1 
and soldiers prevented dashes been pa 
between nationalists and But d 
“loyalists” yesterday when the Or 
Orangemen paraded through headed 
two overwhelmingly Roman cers an 
Catholic districts of a town in shalled 
Co Armagh. into 01 

The security forces tionalis 
launched a huge operation, niesof 
with S£W Royal Ulster Con- Whet 
stabulaty officers and 400 shields 
soldiers needed to police the fast co 
event, after the chief constable angeme 
gave permission for the Or- umbre 

1,300 loyalists would have 
been passing through- 

But disturbances erupted as 
the Orange church parade, 
headed by bowler-batted offi- 
cers and a band, was mar- 
shalled under a tunnel and 
into Obins Street where na- 
tionalists stood on the balco- 
nies of flats shouting abuse. 

When police with riot 
shields removed a West Bel- 
fast councillor, furious Or- 
angemen attacked them with 
umbrellas. Mr George 


ange Order’s church parade in. Sea wright, a Glasgow-born 

The Labour Party has gone through the process 
drawn up plans to retake hill renationalization, 
control of British Telecom Labour is calling its nc 
without buying back all the attitude to nationalizath 
privately held shares. “social ownership,” a conce 

Under proposals now be- which Mr Roy Hattersley, il 
fore the party's policy-making party’s deputy leader ai 
committees BTs 1.7 million shadow Chancellor, began d 
shareholders would be given veloping in a series of speec 
the opportunity of selling their es more than two years ago. 
shares back to the Govern- Mr Hattersley, Mr Jot 
ment at the price at which they Smith, Labour's chief indust 
bought them — 130p, which spokesman, and Mr Dav 
compares with a current mar- Blunkett, leader of Sheffie 
ket price of 216p. City Council, have been ki 

If not they would be able to figures in the preparation of 
have them converted into policy which makes a radic 
bonds providing long-term departure from full-bioodc 

me through the process of Five Conservative MPs 
11 renationalization. have agreed to bar Dr Norman 

Labour is calling its new Hammond, archaeology cer- 
titude to nationalization respondent of The Times , 

“social ownership,” a concept from a session of the Com- 
which Mr Roy Hattersley, the mons all-party environment 
party’s deputy leader and committee’s visit to York 

shadow Chancellor, began de- today to avoid a walkout by 
veloping in a series of speech- three Labour MPs over the 

Mr Hattersley, Mr John 
Smith, Labour’s chief industry 
spokesman, and Mr David 
Blunkett, leader of Sheffield 
City Council, have been key 
figures in the preparation of a 
policy which makes a radical 
departure from full-blooded 

growth or regular dividends, traditional nationalization de- 
ora mixture of both. But the manded by clause 4 of the 

dispute at Mr Rupert Mur- 
doch’s printing plant at 
Wapping, east London. 

Dr Hammond, who has 
contributed to The Times 
since 1967, was to have at- 
tended a presentation by the 
York Archaeological Trust for 
die committee's inquiry into 
historic buildings and ancient 


But a young officer was 
seriously injured when nation- 
alists threw a dart which 
embedded in his neck, and 
some officers and Orangemen 
were injured in disturbances 
at the start of the parade. 

The tension in the town, the 
animosity between loyalists 
and nationalists and the anger 
at police tactics, bode ill for 
the five days leading to next 
Saturday's Orange marches, 
which the police have banned 
from entering Roman Catho- 
lic areas of Ported own. 

Orangemen in the town 
have urged others to join them 
for a parade and protest rally 
over the decision to re-route 

Tension in the town eased 
on Saturday night when two 
nationalist bands abandoned 
plans to parade in their own 
district at the same time as 

from the i 


Police with Land Rovers 
sealed off side streets where 
small groups of nationalists 

the Cornish tin industry and 
in the next breath welcoming 
the Government's measures 
for job creation in Cornwall. 

One Conservative MP, Mr 
David Harris, whose St Ives' 
constituency includes the 
Geevor tin mine where pro- 
duction has stopped and the 
370 staff have been made 
redundant, has tabled an 
amendment calling for more 
positive help from the Gov- 
ernment to ensure that the 
Cornish tin industry has a 

He said: “I think the Gov- 
ernment will have a rough 
ride. The tin industry is a vital 
part of Cornwall and it would 
be crazy if the industry is 
allowed to be wiped out 

-t « ■** 

through no fault of its own.' 

Mr Robert Hicks, Tory MP 
for Cornwall South-East, said: 
“It is incumbent upon the 
Government to come dean as 

Party after refusing to apolo- had gathered to shout and jeer 
gize for making remarks about at ^ pacing loyalists, though 

hm/rno inrmmmrc tnr ka. .. “ . / . « 

r » * “ #• n _ ai uit. uajjiiih ivtoiuw, 

buying incinerators far Ro- others remained at home with 
man Catholics and their their blinds or curtains drawn. 


But what exactly would they 
lose? During the decade of his 
leadership he has contributed 
little to public policy, hot a 
good deal to potitkal develop- 
ments. : " . . 

The Lib-Lab pact, the coat- 
ing of the SDP, the birth of the 
Alliance - these are all bound 
to figure prominently to any 
political history of the past 10 
years, and without Mr Steel 
none of them might havefoken 

He is essentially a pofitiori 
operator with a grand strategy. 
But it is a strategy of poUtics, 
not a strategy of poKcy. - 

From the day he became 
Liberal leader, perhaps from 
the day he became' si Liberal 
MP, I believe he has Ind a 
doable conviction: tiutf the 
purpose of liberal politics 
should be to get a place at the 
table of power, and that the 

pneste, was taken away and A heavy presence of RUC 

rphiwn nnnniKtnn in inm trw» ' f « ... • « 

vjovciuuicm iu wuk u«u « , .. ^ j i_ 

to their intentions in respect of a nnot get there by 

refused permission to join the officera British soldiers 


Mr Alan Wright, of the 
Ulster Cubs movement, de- 
nounced the police, saying: 
“The balloon noil go up in this 
town.” He added: “Hus is the 
saddest and blackest day in 
the RUCs history. This repre- 
sents the greatest mistake they 
have ever made.” 

After a hour’s delay, in 
which there was further scuf- 
fling with police and an attack 
on a TV camera crew, the 
parade began again, though 
Orangemen warned journal- 
ists: “Make sure you publish 
this the right way or you won’t 
be bade here.” 

kept nationalists from three 
Roman Catholic housing es- 
tates well away from the road 
as the parade returned from 
the church service. 

In their efforts to antagonize 
the rival tribe, loyalists waved 
huge union flags, while some 
nationalists played traditional 
Irish music, shouted “IRA, 
IRA” and jeered. 

Elsewhere in the province 
thousands of Orangemen at- 
tended 70 church services in 
preparation for next week's 
celebrations of the 296th anni- 
versary of the Battle of the 

applications for assistance 
from the tin mines.” 
Decisions on applications 

Everything of consequence 
that he has done fits that 
approach. In hto first speech to 

for aid from the remaining 

four Cornish tin mines, one of *“ e VH™* 

four Cornish tin mines, one of, , , flr . 
which is a limited company, 
and the others owned by a! 

„.i .ruin Tints, 7,-nr. I a sizeable section of his andi- 

subsiduary of Rio Tinto Zinc, 
are still being considered by 
the Department of Trade and 
Industry, but they are not 
expected to be announced 

Only Geevor bas closed and 
the Government will be 
pressed today for a £150,000 
contribution towards repairs 
and maintenance for two 
years to enable the mine to 
reopen when the market 
allows. . j 

ehce in order to establish that 
Liberals* accepted the princi- 
ple of coalition government. 



shareholders going for the party's constitutition. 

latter option — and Labour For that reason it will be 

leaders believe they would be bitterly opposed fay the La- 
the overwhelming majority — bour left. 

would lose their voting rights. Under the proposals a La- ; 

Labour would then amend bour government would bold j 
the Telecommunications Act all the voting shares and 

to give it the ability to use the appoint BTs directors. 

Newcastle-under-Lyme by-election 

Tory hopeful sets fast pace 

New shipping route to 
reduce pollution threat 

Government’s remaining 49 If the proposals were sue- 

per cent holding - at present cessfiil they would be followed 
prohibited — and regain efifeo- for other state industries sold 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 

For Mr Jim Node, the hi a pair of shorts is worried torch for old-style Labour 
Hiservative candidate to the about tax cats. Mr Nock tells politics, will more than treble 

By Michael Baily, Transport Editor 
new tanker route to The move has been wel- 

tive control without having off by the Tories. 

TNT distribution depot 

_ _ _ _ _ » Jacket off, 

attacked by 300 men 

Conservative candidate to the 
Newcastle-under-Lyme by- 
election, the race to Westmin- 
ster begins in the town's sunlit 

Jacket off, sweat pouring 
Grom his brow, he's already 

him the standard rate will soon 
be down to 25p; the man 
wonders if the money will be 
better spent on jobs. 

Yet even the relentlessly 
optimistic Mr Nock, aged 51, 

A distribution depot owned 
by TNT, a subsidiary of News 
International at Eastleigh, 
Hampshire, was attacked and 
damaged by a crowd of about 
300 men early yesterday 
morning (John Young writes). 

No arrests were made but 
the police described the action 
as a concerted attack and said # 
there was evidence indicating* 
that members of the prim 
union Sogat '82 were 

The depot is used to distrib- 
ute The Times. The Sunday 
Times. The Sun and the News 

of the World in Hampshire 
and DorseL Building windows 
were smashed and cars and 
trucks damaged with missiles 
and pickaxes. 

Missiles shown later by the 
police included heavy steel 
balls, a yellow snooker ball a 
three inch bolt, a broken milk 
bottle, bricks and a lump of 

The police were also at- 
tacked with missiles and a 
patrol car was damaged, but 
the crowd retreated before 
anyone was hurt 

the garden path 20-metre 
dash. As his outriders, led by 
the burly Mr Hal Miller, MP 
for Bromsgrove, lore the faith- 
ful Mr Nock is forever on tbe 
move in a frenetic bid to turn 
out the vote. 

Tbe style is both affable and 
argent, like a pumped up sales 

leader with Staffordshire ori- 
gins, most know the odds are 
stacked against him. 

The Government is to tbe 
doMrams, Mrs Thatcher is 
“that woman” to many of tbe 
locals, and Labour, bolstered 
by its control of tbe moderate 
and popular local council 

representative. “We're going remains close to the people's 
to win,” be keeps telling natural sympathies. 

respectable housewives, right- 
ly sceptical after nearly 70 

No surprise then that tbe 
first opinion poll taken before 

years or unbroken Labour rule b^uTpredicted 

Awkward customers — ami that Mrs Lira Golding, who 

there are a few — are handed 
over to Mr Miller. A big man 

has stepped into her 
husband's shoes to carry the 

politics, will more than treble 
the 1983 majority of 2£00. 

The realization of a 
Thatcherite dream does not 
canse Mrs Golding any em- 
barrassment. “We're not 
against selling council booses 
so tong as the Government lets 
ns keep the money to spend on 
cutting waiting lists,” she said. 

The first week of the cam- 
paign saw die Tories scrap- 
ping with Labour over 
Militant ami the Affiance over 
defence. Neither barb seems to 
have made ranch impression. 
“All the smear campaigns just 
torn people off round here. 
They want to know what the 
policies are — they're not 
interested in slanging 
matches,” Mrs Goldins said. 

General election: J Gold ;* 
(lab) 21 . 210 ; L Lawrence (C) 
18 . 406 ; A Thomas (Lib/AH) 
10 . 916 . Labour raaj: 24 * 04 . 

reduce the risk of oil pollution corned by Scottish environ- 
on Scotland's Western Isles mentalists, who claim that the 

will be proposed to world expansion of North Sea oil has 
shipping authorities in the leri to an increasing threat of 


Tankers taking the route 

oil pollution on the west coast 
About three tankers a week 

would sail down Scotland's pass through the Minches 
west coast outside the Outer bound for the west coast of 

It is hard now to recall tbe 
passions that flowed on that 
issue atrLfamdudno in Septem- 
ber. 1976. But the question, 
abstract though it may seem, 
was of symbolic importance 
for the party. Mr Steel was 
laying ft. down that Liberals, 
were im politics not to polish 
their porky bat for the pursuit 
of .power. And that to get 
power they would have to 
combine with others. 

Within a few months La- 
bour had lost its overall major- 
ity and Mr Steel was 
negotiating tbe Lib-Lab pact 
That has often been judged a 
failure for the Liberals be- 
cause it did not enable them to 
exert much influence on poU- 

Hebrides rather than inside England, Wales, France and 
through the Minches as they Spain. 

cy. But I have always believed 
that he had another objective 

do now, avoiding the risk of a The route, while safe for 

spill on Skye, Lewis, Barra and skilled navigators, would ex- 

North and South Uist 

Cape Wrath 

tract a high price for error in 
one of Britain’s most remote 


and beautiful regions. 

Even if the new channel was 
adopted as the official deep- 
water route by the internation- 
al maritime organizations, 
there would be no compulsion 
on tanker masters to use it. 

Tbe only other safe alterna- 
tive to the Minches for a 
heavily laden tanker is out to 
sea. west of the island of St 
Kilda. involving muebgrealer 
distances and costs. 




Berkshireswtiere to build? 

natural beauty 1 *** 08 H3 

Green belt _ 
Main towns. 

Action at Risley raises Roses with 
staff levels issue again fragrance 

(hat he had another objective 
that was much more to 

In the EEC referendum in 
1975 many Labour right-wing, 
ers had co-operated bapf% 
with Liberals in c^paigitfaig 
for a “yes" vote. Mr Steel saw 
in the Lib-Lab pact an oppor- 
tunity to bnikl on that experi- 
ence so as to persuade the 
Labour right that it had more 
in common with Liberals than 
with its own left. 

From that standpoint the 
purpose of the pact was uot-to 
p ut pressure on the Labour 
right to do what it would not 
otherwise have done, but to 
convince it that It could more 
easily pursue sensible policies 
in harness with the Liberals. 


Mr Jeff Gill aged 33, a j 
windsurfer raising money for 
the Royal National Lifeboat I 
Institution, cost rescuers 
£2.000. twice as much as he 
bad hoped to collect as a 
result of a search for. him ! 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 
Industrial action at Risley Hurd Sir Brian Cubbon. the] 

yesterday off the Devon coast 

He nad set off from 
Widemouih Bay. north Corn- 
wall on Saturday to make the 
35-mile passage to Lundy, but 
was becalmed a mile and a 
half from his destination. 

Rescue vessels including a 
helicopter found him at night- 
foil after five hours. 



‘Heseltown’ battle reopens 

Death of radio 

By Hugh Clayton, Environment Correspondent 
The battle of “ Heseltowu” The Berkshire battle dwarfs built on college farmland be- 

opens tomorrow with a new die controversy over bonders' tween Slough and the M4 

Professor Alan GemmeU 
who was on BBC Radio 
Gardeners' Question Time for 
33 years, died on Saturday at 
his home on the Isle of Arran, 
aged 73. 

Professor GemmeU head of 
biology at Keele University, 
Staffordshire, for 16 years, 
made more than 1,000 broad- 
casts on the panel 

Obituary, page 14 

reopens tomorrow with a new 
attempt by builders to get the 
strict curbs on further develop- 
ment hi Berkshire removed. 
The county is fast becoming 
one of the most crowded In 

“Heseltowu" earned its so- 
briquet after Mr Michael 

efforts to build a new town in 
Essex countryside. Both are 
evidence of a widening dash 
between land-hungry builders 
and the conservation 

Berkshire County Council 
supported by many residents 

Heseitine, then Secretary of and conservation groups. 

State for the Environment, 
told the Conservative-led 

wants housebuilding to be cut 
steadily from tbe present level 

county council in 1982 to allow of more than 6,000 new homes 
for thousands of extra homes a year to about 1,000 a year in 

Fell runner 
breaks record 

to its plans for the rest of the 

10 years. Large building firms, 
many of which have bought 

Behind the present “exanri- land in the county, will tell 
nation to public of the draft tomorrow’s public hearing that 

Jon Naylor, aged 50, has 
broken by more than 60 hours 
the record for running over all 
214 Lake District peaks. 

He covered the course in 
seven days, one hour and 25 

replacement structure plan for 
the county” lies fierce local 
determination to stem the 
county's growth to house 

Even the Provost of Eton 
has joined the argument about 
whether the comity can find 
room for more homes. 

tbe county needs an extra 
59,000 homes by 1996. and not 
the 37.000 proposed by the 

Some open land is owned by 
Eton College, and agents for 
the provost and fellows say to 
evidence to the hearing that 
they want to have 1,200 houses 

tween Sloogh and the M_4 
motorway, instead of the maxi- 
mum of 900 recommended by 
the council. 

At the same as the 
“Hesellown” hearing another 
Inquiry has been opened into 
the plans of a consortium, that 
includes Wates and Boris, to 
develop 280 acres of land near 

Tbe Housebuilders* Federa- 
tion says in evidence to the 
hearing that the county council 
is trying to “export bousing 
pressure" and that building 
curbs will make it even harder 
for young families and workers 
new to the county to buy 

Pressure on open land in 
central Berkshire is acute 
since so much of the county is 
built up, while to the east and 
west it is protected by areas of 
special scenic value. 

Remand Centre, Cheshire, has 
once more put before the 
Home Secretory, Mr Douglas 
HunL a dispute he thought he 
had left behind. 

The issue is the same as in 
May when widespread pro- 
tests left a trail of damage in 
prisons: how to achieve appro- 
priate staffing levels? 

A team of 12 assistant 

S nors was running the 
e wing of the remand 
centre yesterday after a walk- 
out on Friday by 50 women 
officers in protest at the 
staffing level. The action con- 
tinued through the weekend 
with a work to rule. 

Yesterday the Home Office 
accused the local branch of the 
Prison Officers’ Association of 
“a flagrant breach” of newly 
agreeadispute procedures. Of- 
ficials of the association in 
Risley said their members 
were victims of a technical 

There are 133 women pris- 
oners on remand in the wing. 
Yesterday, after reports that 
some had barricaded them- 
selves into a dormitory, the 
Home Office insisted that the 
situation was nonnaL 
The previous action in April 
and May showed how suscep- 
tible the overcrowded prison 
system is to pressure. Distur- 
bances spread rapidly. Severe 
damage was caused by riots at 
Northeye Prison to East Sus- 

The dispute, like the present 
one. was over manning levels. 
After intervention by Mr 

Permanent Under-Secretary, 
wrote to the POA general 
secretory. Mr David Evans, on 
May 13. setting out a formula 
that has become crucial to the 
present dispute. 

It said: “Pending the possi- 
ble introduction of a national 
disputes procedure, where 
governors or local branches 
seek to alter existing agree- 
ments they should first gj ve 1 4 
days' notice of their intention 
to do so to the other parry(ies) 
to the agreement, ’ 

“In the event of disagree- 
ment about the proposed 
change it will be open to either seek the intervention 
of a higher level (regional 
office or the appropriate NEC 
member). But the aim of both 
sides will be for local disputes 
to be settled locally.” 

The Risley dispute, accord- 
ing to the POA, is over an 
attempt to deploy staff from 
the main prison to man a unit 
to cater for overcrowding. 

Mr John Banell POA na- 
tional chairman, said on BBC 
Radio yesterday that women 
staff at Risley felt that would 
make things worse. 

Before attending a branch 
meeting they were told that 
they might be dismissed from 
the service if they would not 
work normally. That sparked 
the walkout. 

The Home Offiire said 
yesterday that the Risley offi- 
cers began their action before 
negotiations could go to re- 
gional levels as laid down in 
the procedures. 

of success 



By Alan Toogood 

Scented blooms proved 
popular with exhibitors at the 
British Rose Festival held 
over the weekend at Chiswell 
Green, Hertfordshire. 

The variety Sutter's Gold 
won a first prize in the class 
for scented roses for C D Scott 
of Beaconsfleld; Wendy 
Cussons a second for Roger 

Hall of Cullercoats; Margaret 
Merriel a third for Peter 
Barlow of Cambridge; and 
Papa Meilland a fourth prize 
for S J L Barker of Sianwjck. 

The premier awards in the 
competitive classes were: 

W E Harkness Memorial 
Trophy: M L Birch of Hereford, 
qualifying him for the national 

■ John Hart Memorial Award: 
Mrs M Siewan of Buckhurst 

Edward Mnwley Memorial 
Medal: Len Davies of Hailsham. 
qualifying him fbr the Five- 
Hundreds championship. 

Felco Secateurs: F W Bowpiit 

Tbe creation of tbe SDP can 
therefore be seen as the justifi- 
cation for the pact Once again 
the form that that feAp- 
roent took owed much to Mr 
Steel's sense of lUditfeal 

He discouraged Labour dis- 
sidents from joining tbe Liber- 
als in the belief that more 
would break away from La- 
bour if they were setting up a 
new party. 

But once the new party was 
established be was concerned 
that it should have tbe closest ■ 
links with the Liberals, 

. That strategy is being sub- 
jected to its severest test with 
the dispute over defence poli- 
cy. I suspect that Mr Steel is 
characteristically more con- 
cerned to get agreement within 
the Alliance than 0 rer the 
precise nature of that 
agreement. - 

.My own sympathies are 
with Dr David Owen's belief 
that whether Britain remains 
jm independent nuclear power 
K that transcends 

party politics, and that a party 




of Reading, qualifying him for WI V. C ? 18 #6*n to be playing 
the Two-Hundred-and-FHiies P°utics with it wfll be in 

the Two-Hundr 

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Naylor of Leeds. 

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Solicitors want strict 
controls on building 
society conveyancing 

®y Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

rules C i s ,n SS li bv ?L T 1 ” com < P elin % . whCTe there « a 
Sodeiv todfr.J’L; ,H W ^nict of interest that oper- 
„y to control the ates against the interests of the 

EH? of >ks. building 
Kjwttes and estate agents 

amS r Ihcy J can Y oul convey- 
f a ^ g under Proposed new 

ihe n ^Sj d l ns wper t0 P^ 
the society has recommended 

a senes of amendments to the 

wm S” 6 Socfeties Bfll which 
would incorporate added pro- 
tttdion for the consumer. 

The society wants those 
financial institutions permit- 
ted to undertake conveyanc- 
ing to be subject to the same 
roles as solicitors on conflict 
of interests, accounts, interest 
on clients’ money, commis- 
sions and office supervision. 

It also wants to ensure that 
splicuors employed by the 
financial institutions and 
conveyancors are not subject 
to improper commercial pres- 
sures by their employers. 

The society’s amendments, 
aimed at ensuring that the 
financial institutions compete 
for conveyancing on equal 
terms with solicitors, have the 
backing of Lord Templeman, 
the former Law Lord. They 
will be proposed by Lord 
Foot, the Liberal peer. 

In^ debate on the Bill last 
week’ Lord Tern pieman said' 
that the building societies 
should be restrained from 

public, and where they may 
have- an advantage over 

The Law Society wants the 
Bill to oblige the Lord Chan- 
cellor to make rules prohibit- 
ing any financial institution 
from offering conveyancing 
where it is also giving a person 
a loan secured on the same 

At the same time, the rules 
should prohibit any convey- 
ancing where the institution or 
any associated body is provid- 
ing estate agency services. 

The society said that many 
of the lending institutions now 
owned estate agencies, while 
the building societies would be 
permitted to acquire or engage 
in estate agency business. 

Solicitors are forbidden 
from acting for vendor and 
purchaser in any transaction. 
Similarly, institutions offering 
estate agency and conveyanc- 
ing should not act for both 
sides, the society said. 

Nor should estate agents 
acting for a vendor be allowed 
to offer conveyancing to a 
buyer on the sale of that 
house, as suggested by the 
Royal Institution of Chartered 

The society also warns of 
possible conflicts of interests 
where sellers are in arrears 

with mortgage payments and 
if the conveyancing is carried 
out by the institution offering 
the loan. 

While vendors wanted the 
best possible price for their 
house, and to secure as large 
an equity from the sale as 
possible, the lending institu- 
tion wanted to recover its 
security as quickly as possible. 
The rules should prohibit 
conveyancing in such circum- 
stances, the society said. 

• House prices increased by 
more than 12 per cent in the 
year to the end oflast month, 
according to the Halifax 
Building Society's latest house 
price index, published today 
(Christopher Warman writes). 

The society said that prices 
had increa&cd by 5.4 per cent 
in the latest three months, 
compared with 5 per cent in 
the quarter to the end of May, 
showing that house price infla- 
tion has accelerated further. 

“Lower borrowing costs, 
falling retail price inflation 
and buoyant earnings growth 
have boosted demands for 
funds,” it said. 

The Halifax survey showed 
that house price inflation was 
now about four times the rate 
of retail price inflation. It 
forecast that house prices 
would rise by more than 
1 1 per cent in 1 986 as a whole. 

Private schools to 
offer work skills 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

Private schools, traditional 
bastions of classics and sci- 
ence education, are proposing 
to introduce their pupils to 
' craft, design and technology in 
a campaign to equip them for 
work in industry. 

The umbrelia body that 
supervises the independent 
sector is to set up a centre for 
design and technology to de- 
velop lessons in the subject 
and prepare a new sixth form 

Independent schools have 
historically lagged ' behind 
state schools in the teaching of 
craft and technology, though 
some, such as Oundle and 
Radley, have impressive 
workshops -and . encourage 
•their pupHstodevetop skills in 
those subjects. • 

:1b both sectors, however. . 
the subjects have tended lo be 
taught to the less able. It is 
significant that the indepen- 
dent sector is not included in 
the Technical and Vocational 
Education Initiative, which 
has become a national pro- 
gramme to be introduced in 
all slate secondary schools at a 
cost of £900 million. 

Most public school boys 
receive some craft lessons, 
mostly in woodwork and met- 
alwork, and girls are likely to 
be exposed to home econom- 
ics, but such subjects are 
usually seen as marginal, com- 
. pared -to parts of the curricu- 
lum such as mathematics and 

Mr Arthur Hearnden, secre- 

tary of the Independent 
Schools Joint Council, hopes 
that craft and technology work 
will be closely allied to micro- 
elec ironies, which is now firm- 
ly on the public school 

It is thought that the pro- 
posed centre might work on 
similar lines to the Indepen- 
dent Schools Micrelectronics 
Centre outside Oxford. 

The independent schools 
are hoping to attract money 
for the centre from trusts in 
the City, as was done for the 
introduction of science in 
their schools in the 1950s. 

“If an industrial trust were 
prepared to support us, I think 
we could do an awful lot to 
lead the way in bringing the 
subject into the curriculum “ 
Mr Hearnden said. 

He hopes that the centre 
will develop a new A/S level 
examination in design and 
technology. The A/S level 
examination, announced by 
Sir Keith Joseph, former Sec- 
retary of State for Education 
and Science, is worth half an A 
level, and is designed to 
broaden the sixth-form 

Courses begin in 1987 with 
the first examinations being 
taken in 1989. It is envisaged, 
that students will take two A 
levels and two A/S levels, 
preferably in contrasting ar- 
eas, so that they study science 
and technology as well as arts 

British team faces 
Everest challenge 

A British expedition will 
attempt to climb the uncon- 
quered north-east ridge of Mt 
Everest later this month. 

.The team includes seven 
former SAS members and a 
group of British mountain- 
eers, led by John “Brummie” 
Stokes, a former SAS officer 
who reached the summit of 
Everest on the British Army 
expedition in 1976. 

The north-east ridge of Ev- 
erest has already defeated two 
British climbing teams The 
first, led “Alpine-style by 
Chris Bonnington without ine 
use of supplementary oxygen. 

By Ronald Faux 

ended with the death of two 

The attempt by the 18- 
strong team will use oxygen on 
the higher reaches of the ridge. 
Exclusive reports on their 
progress will appear in The 

“We have learned from 
experience of earlier attempts 
and expect to be in position at 
the right time and with, the 
right back up to succeed,” Mr 
Stokes said. . . 

The team is negotiating 
with the Chinese Government 
for permission lo transmit live 
television reports by satellite 
from the mountain. 

College of 
Air for 

By Our Education 

Britain’s most ambitious at- 
tempt to educate and train its 
nnderequipped workforce, 
through a College of the Air, is 
expected to be announced in 
the next two weeks by Lord 
Young of Graffham, Secretary 
of State for Employment 

The venture, which has been 
upder discussion for months 
and will operate on similar 
lines to the Open University, 
aims to provide people over the 
age of 16 with farther educa- 
tion and vocational training 
through courses on radio and 

Britain has one of the least 
qualified workforces of any 
Western industrialized coun- 
try. Forty per cent of school 
leavers have tittle to offer in 
the way of examination results 
and 80 per cent of employees 
receive no job training. The 
College of the Air will aim to 
change that. 

Courses, which will be sob- 
degree level, wfll range from 
literacy and numeracy for 
those who missed out on die 
basics of education, to retrain- 
ing for teachers. 

The idea is the brainchild of 
Mr Geoffrey Holland, director 
of the Manpower Services 
Commission, who feels that 
die problem of Britain's un- 
trained workforce conld per- 
haps be cracked by using 
television because it goes into 
most homes. 

The college will be indepen- 
dent, though the commission 
will have a stake in it, and it is 
hoped that in tune it wfll he 

The Government's plan is 
for the college to act as a 
catalyst, and co-ordinate the 
learning . materials which al- 
ready exist for adults. It will 
not be a huge organization 
awarding its own degrees like 
the Open University. 

Instead viewers will register 
as students with the local 
further or higher education 
college and receive qualifica- 
tions given by existing bodies. 

It should, therefore, be rela- 
tively inexpensive to run, and 
the Government hopes that 
industry and commerce will 
sponsor their own courses. It 
also hopes that all four televi- 
sion channels will be used and 
that they will be prepared to 
offer “notice-board” slots dur- 
ing peak-time viewing. 

Mr Richard Watts and Mr Richard Mathers patrolling shops in Wateriooville yesterday (Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 

Traders turn to private crime patrols 

By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 

A privately owned anti- 
crime patrol, paid for by local 
traders, is doe to begin opera- 
tions at 4pm today in the 
streets of Wateriooville, near 

Mr Richard Watts, a former 
policeman, will share duties 
with two other uniformed pa- 
trol men until 6am, keeping an 
eye on the premises of 30 
businesses who have so for 
subscribed to his “Area Watch 

The patrols wfll help protect 
the shops and offices of cli- 
ents, who are each paying 
about £500 a year for the 

service. “The police can't do 
the job that we do because they 
are shortstaffed,” Mr Watts 

His patrolmen, one of whom 
is a former commando, will 
work in co-operation with the 
local police and will also act to 
help combat general crime. 

Mr Watts said: “If someone 
was misbehaving we would 
alert the necessary authorities 
via radio to base control, from 
where a phone call would be 
made to police headquarters. 
We have die power of citizen's 

Asked what they would do if 
they saw someone assaulting 
an elderly’ woman, he said: 
“Detain them until the police 

Mr Watts and his men will 
be on general patrol on the 
streets and in the shopping 
precincts of W'aterhiovflle 
(population 50,000) nntif the 
public houses dose. Then they 
will start checking clients' 
doors, windows and property. 

They will wear uniforms of 
black shoes, black trousers, 
blue ties and white shirts, with 
a badge bearing the “Area 
Watch Alert” logo on their left 
breast pocket In colder weath- 
er the team will wear navy blue 
sweaters and navy waterproof 
jackets, also with the logo 
displayed. Each man will have 
a whistle. 

Mr Watts said that his wife 
would operate a two-way radio 
so that the police, ambulance 

or fire service could be notified 
quickly if necessary. 

One client Mr Ricky Lopez, 
who owns a menswear shop, 
said: “When I phone the 
police they come as soon as 
they ran, but if there is 
anything else on they do take a 
little while to get here. Where- 
as if we have someone hi the 
town area on watch patrol they 
will be here almost 

Mr Watts, who hopes to 
extend the service to other 
local shopping centres, said 
that he had been approached 
also by a local residents* 
association to mount patrols 
on Friday nights to help to 
prevent problems with youths 
at a local disco. 

Parents of 
shot boy 
to seek 

By Craig Seton 

The family of John 
Shorihouse. aged five, who 
was shot dean by a police 
marksman, are involved in 
talks to secure up to £15,000 
compensation for his death. 

Mrs Jacqueline Shortbouse, 
aged 26, the boy’s mother, and 
Mr John Shorthouse, aged 26, 
his father, who is in prison, 
have so fer received £3,500, 
the maximum payable under 
the Fatal Damages Act. 

On Friday, Police Constable 
Brian Chester, aged 35, was 
cleared by a jury at Stafford 
Crown Court of the boy’s 
manslaughter during a police 
raid last August on bis 
parents* maisonette. 

With the trial over a cam- 
paign is being mounted to 
persuade West Midlands Po- 
lice to agree to an improved 
compensation award. 

Mr Anthony Beaumont- 
Dark. the Conservative MP 
for Selly Oak. Birmingham, 
where the family lived at the 
time of the raid, said yester- 
day: “I hope the police author- 
ity can negotiate a more 
reasonable sum without the 
need of having to go to law. 
£3,500 is too little. 

Mr Beaumont-Dark be- 
lieves that a sum of about 
£10,000 would be reasonable. 
The Shorthouse family is un- 
derstood to want up to 

Mr Shorthouse is serving a 
five-year prison sentence for 
his pan in a raid on a 
restaurant in South Wales. 

Jester to woo 
US tourists 

Nicholas Jones, aged 25, 
who is setting up as a jester 
with the help of a £40-a-week 
grant under the Enterprise 
Allowance Scheme, flies to 
New York today to promote 
the Ryedale Festival, North 
Yorkshire, which starts on 
July 26. 

‘Dear MP’ 
set policy 

By Angelfo Johnson 

A boom in personal letter 
writing is putting extra weight 
on MPs' mailbags, with each 
member of the House receiv- 
ing more than 10,000 letters a 
year, according to a survey 
published today. 

The good news is that three- 
quarters of the MPs inter- 
viewed by the Letter Writing 
Bureau said that they were 
influenced by what was writ- 
ten to them and 27 per cent 
had received a letter that had 
helped to change government 

This healthy reaction be- 
tween politicians and voters 
was disclosed after 196 of 
Westminster’s 650 MPs filled 
in questionnaires about the 
kind of letters they receive 

• Each MP gets an average 33 
letters a day and 84 per cent of 
them said they acted on the 
complaints or suggestions. 
Those from the South-west 
received most, with 42 letters 
each; MPs from Northern 
Ireland received only 21 a day. 

Housing is the most com- 
mon constituency matter, 
with social security benefits 
coming a close second 
Education and the teachers’ 
dispute came third; unem- 
ployment and taxes were low- 
er down the list 
Women, it seems, are just as 
prepared as men to put pen to 
paper, the survey showed, and 
nearly all MPs said they 
received correspondence from 
young children and teenagers. 

One MP said: “A child once 
asked me to help increase his 
pocket money following my 
visit to his school”. 

A few MPs received propos- 
als of marriage aud death 
threats and one constituent 
wanted an audience with the 

‘Too many 
women’ go 
to prison 

Sex discrimination over the 
imprisonment of women is 
alleged today by the National 
Association for the C^e ?Jid 
Resettlement of Offenders 
(Nacro), (Peter Evanswntes)- 
Most women in j ad should 
not be there, according to, a 
briefing paper by the assoaa- 

tion. „ r-aepe 

Where information on cases 

W a S available.l7pa;ceniof 

women given immediate au- 
todial sentences ? n . 1984 J“ d 

no previous convictions, com- 
pared with 6 percent of men. 

Most of the women re- 
manded in custody do not 
eventually receive prison ser^ 

in 1984,331 wom^ 

were remanded in custody 

only 38 per cent were gjyen 
jail sentences, compared with 

“-A tftlrou'J official inquiiy 

into the position of women in 


Sicm. Nacro's direcior. says. 

Miss Debbie "J* 

yesterday celebrated 12 
months with a new heart and 
longs given to h«r in an 
operation at Harefield Hospi- 
tal, Middlesex. Miss Leonard, 
aged 20, of Drighliagton,near 
Leeds, who was bo™ wrtha 
hole in her heart, was the fust 
person to benefit from a new 
heart-lung transplant ma- 
chine, developed by Mr Magdi 
Yaconh, a leading transplant 

Fast cars 
‘safest’ in 

A survey of British driving 
habits has shown that 40 per 
cent of overtaking by heavy 
goods vehicles poses the risk 
of an accident, while the safest 
overtaking is done by high- 
performance BMW, Porsche 
and Ferrari cars. 

These preliminary findings, 
by an inquiry team at 
Cranfield Institute of -Tech- 
nology. near Bedford, are 
based on video recordings of 
more than 5,000 overtaking 
manoeuvres ou A-class roads 
in Oxfordshire and 


Mr Don Hams, a research 
assistant at the institute, said: 
“Lorry drivers were definitely 
much less safe on overtaking." 

He said that dangerous 
overtaking tends to take place 
at the lower speeds, between 
30 and 40 miles an hour, when 
there is a build-up of frustra- 

“The safest overtaking was 
done by high-performance 

Sinclair in 
launch of 
new firm 

Sir Clive Sinclair, the home 
computer manufacturer who 
survived a financial crisis in 
April by selling his ailing 
computer business, will an- 
nounce the launch of his new' 
business today (Bill 
Johnstone, Technology Corre- 
spondent, writes). 

He is to make microchips 
which will miniaturize even 
further the design of comput- 
ers. televisions and other con- 
sumer products. 

The new company, to be 
called Anamartic, will design 
and possibly manufacture ad- 
vanced microchip memories 
for use in computers and 
telephone equipment Proto- 
types of the new chips have 
already been made. 

The project will be financed 
from funds raised through a 
prospectus to be launched this 
week. The idea was mooted by 
Sir Give in March of last year, 
before his computer and elec- 
tric car businesses were hit by 
a financial crisis. 

£36m cost to Telecom 
of call-box vandalism 

By Nicholas Beeston 

British Telecom expects to 
lose £36 million this year 
through vandals damaging 
pay telephones and stealing 
coins from call boxes. 

Last year the company lost 
£18 million in damaged 
equipment .and the same 
amount again in lost revenues 
because of stolen coins from 
public call boxes. 

Despite recommendations 

from Oftel. the watchdog for 
the telecommunications in- 
dustry, that the public call box 
service should be improved, 
Telecom says that the battle 
against vandalism in the inner 
cities is difficult to beat. 

“It is our major headache,” 
Telecom admitted. “Increas- 
ingly telephone boxes are be- 
ing vandalized by professional 

Whisky glut bodes ill 
for UK barley growers 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

Growers are likely to have 
difficulties finding buyers for 
this years crop of malting 
barley as a result of the 
'depressed demand frombrew- 
ers and distillers and increas- 
ing foreign competition. 

Excessive stocks of whisky , 
coupled with its declining 
popularity, reduced distillers’ 
demand for barley by 12 per 
cent between 1980 and 1984- 

The Home Grown Cereals 
Authority said there was little 
evidence to suggest that that 
trend had been reversed last 
year or was likely to be 
reversed this year. 

■Beer production in the 
United Kingdom was down by 
0.7 per cent last year to 
36,500.000 barrels and has 
dropped by a further 0.7 per 
cent this year. 

The Army can help 
educate your offspring. 

In more ways than one. 

The Army needs well educated 
Officers and we’re prepared to help 
bright people up the ladder of 


A way to A’ levels. 

We will help boys and girls who 
have the qualities of potential 
Officers while they study for ‘A’lewsls, 
with a grant of £250 a term. 

When they pass thek A’ level 
exams they’re guaranteed aplace at 
Sandhurst and paid the going rate 
while they’re being trained. 

levels they too are guaranteed a 
place at Sandhurst 


If you have atechrucaDy minded 
son between the ages of 16 and 17 J As 
and he can meet the requirements 
for a Science Scholarship (see box) 
be could be eligible for Welbeck. 

training course at Sandhurst to 
confirm thek commission. 


Interviews are held in the Spring 
and Autumn for boys, and just in 
the Autumn for girls. The purpose 
is to discover whether applicants 
have the potential to become Army 

At the time of their application 
they must be between 16 years and 
16 years 6 months. And must have, 
or be expecting, at least five high 
grade 'O' levels, including English 
Language, Maths and a science or 
foreign language. 


The applicant must have excellent 
grades in ‘O’ level Maths, Physics, 
English and at least two other sub- 
jects. And have the ability to con- 
vince an interview board that he 
has got what it takes to be an 
Army Officer. 


The applicant must be over 17 and 
intend to graduate before 25; be 
at or have been promised a place 
at a university, polytechnic or 
college of higher education; be able 
to pass the Army's 3 -day Officer 
Selection Board and be willing to 
serve at least 5 years as an Officer 
(including the course at Sandhurst). 

Howerveq this doesn't preclude 

Another way 

Boys who are already embarked 
on ’A’ level courses in Maths and the 
sciences can apply for one of the 
thirty Science Scholarships we 
award each Spring. 

The object is to help potential 
Officers on thek way to a career in 
one of the Army’s technical corps 
with a scholarship for one year at 
£250 a term. 

(Boys from both fee-paying 
and non fee-paying schools are 

When they complete their A! 

Welbeck is an exclusive, resi- 
dential, 6th form college in the 
Nottin^ ia mdme countryside run by 
the Army. 

The curriculum is designed to 
equip students for careers as Officers 
in the technical corps. 

Again, on completion of’AIeveis, 
the student is guaranteed a place at 

About two thirds of the students 
goon to complete a degree course, 
the majority at Shrivenham, the 
Royal Military College of Science, 
although- some may compete for 
places at a civil university. 

Two other ways to •’ 
a uni ve rsit y degree. 

If your son aims to get a degree 
and wishes to become a Regular 
Army Office; be can try for an Under- 
graduate Cadetship. 

The requirements are demand- 
ing but successful applicants get a 
probationary commission and thek 
tuition paid, plus at least £5,059 pa. 

When they finish thek degree 
course they go on to an Officers 

On the other hand, if your son or 
daughter is already reading for 
a degree, he or she could apply for a 
Bursary. This amounts to £900 a 
yean is tax free and additional to any 
education authority grants. 

It is intended to help people who 
want careers as Army Officers to 
complete their degree courses. Appli- 
cants have to meet the challenge of 
the Army's three-day Officer Selec- 
tion Board. 

On graduation Bursaxs also do 
the seven months Officer training 
. course at Sandhurst On completion 
of which they can take upeithera3 
year Short Servke Commission eg a 
Regular Commission. 

At the end of a Short Service 
Commission, a useful tax-free gratu- 
ity is paid A Regular Commissiixi is 

Can we help you? 

Write to Majorjohn Floyd, Aimy 
Officer Entry, Dept F633, Empress 
State Building, Liffie Road, London 

Tell him your son or daughter's 
date of birth, school and academic 
q u ali fic a tio ns and we will clarify and 
expand on what we have to offer; 

Army Officer 

t- r 

u — 
— - -v 




‘ General Synod: debate on bishops 9 report 

Central beliefs rest 

on more than history, 
Archbishop declares 

By Angella Johnson and Alan Wood 

The Archbishop of Canter- 
bury. Dr Robert Runcie. has 
called for unity within the 
Anglican Church, after a re- 
port on the nature of Christian 
-belief from the House of 
: Bishops. 

He said that although the 
report affirmed the common 
historical belief of Christianity 
-it Teft room for debate and 
exploration on Christian 

Speaking at the General 
Synod of the Church of En- 
gland in York yesterday, he 
said that the House of 
Bishops' report on the nature 
of Christian belief showed that 
they were united in believing 
that Jesus lived, died and rose 

The report was clear that 
historical fact did matter. 
There could not be authentic 
Christian faith without his- 
torical events. 

Most Christians throughout 
history had accepted the emp- 
ty tomb and the virginal 
conception as historical facts. 
Any other interpretation was a 
departure from that held in 
the universal church. 

ward with freedom and integ- 
rity. We need to respect one 
another's right to occupy such 
a path. We need to be patient 
and sensitive with one 
another’s difficulties. We grow 
in freedom." 

. In what might be described 
as a plea for unity within the 
church. Dr Runcie told the 
Synod that there was nothing 
new about doctrinal conflict in 
the church. 

“We must not be too quick 
on the draw in gunning down 
what seems to be heresy, but 
explorers will only receive the 
patient attention they deserve 
when they refuse to be lone 
pioneers, and declare their 
solidarity with the 
householder’s faith, when they 
have not only voices eager to 
speak, and ears close enough 
to the ground to catch and 
cultivate the shy murmuring 
of the people of God. 

“The bishops have not writ- 

considerate in expression, 
prudent in presentation, and 
resistant to the mere itch of 
rashness. They will know as 
we do that few are helped to 
think through a problem if 
their minds are subjected to 
violent shocks." 

' J 

Ordination of women 

seen as 

reverse for 

• P- 

‘An glicanis m lives 
dangerously 9 

“A church in which any- 
thing goes will inevitably frag- 
ment. If individuals are to be 
free for their own adventure of 
exploration into God, they 
actually will do that best from 
within the community with 
structure, shape and commit- 
ment rooted firmly in 

By ■ Our Religious Affairs 

The cause of female ordina- 
tion suffered its most serious 
reverse so far at the bands of 
the General Synod at the 
weekend, when the Women 
Ordained Abroad measure 
failed to reach the required 
two-thirds majority. 

It was a personal reverse for 
the Archbishop of Canterbury. 
Dr Robert Runcie. who made 
it dear in a forceful contribu- 
tion to the debate that the 
recognition of women priests 
ordained elsewhere in the 
Anglican Communion was 
crucial to the continuing good 
relations between the Church 
of England and the rest of the 
Communion. It “raises a seri- 
ous question of the identity of 

feh that the vote indicated a 
reluctance in the General byn- 
od to proceed to ihe ordina- 
tion of women priests in the 
Church of England. 

Mrs Margaret Webster, ex- 
ecutive secretary of the Move- 
ment for the Ordination of 
Women, refused to regard it as 
the end of the road, saying that 
many members had opposed 
the measure as premature, 
while the main issue, ordina- 
tion of women in England, 
remained undecided. • 

The question centred on the 
position of women . priests 
from abroad who visit En- 
gland and wish to be treated in 

of Christian unity, so we. have 
to take seriously our internal 
Anglican model of interna- 
tional unity if there 
serious progress.between com- 
munions . which', manifestly 
transcend nationaf frontiers.-" 

He said that -he did- not 
believe that the measure 
would endanger further the 
progress • towards unity 'with 
other churches. . - 

the same way as visiting male 
clerev. who are generally al- 

ihe Anglican Communion, 
and authority within it." he 

Dr Runcie said after the 
vote that he was very disap- 
pointed. It would take some 
explaining away, he added. 

The measure fell in two of. 
three houses of the Synod - it 
required a two-thirds majority 
in each, and even in the House 
of Bishops it passed only by a 
tiny margin. 

Voting was: bishops. 28 for. 
12 against: clergy. 128 for. 95 
against: laity. 147 for. 88 
against. The overall majority, 
at round 60 per cent, was 
about the level at which the 
ordination of women has been 
supported on various occa- 
sions in the General Synod in 
the past 10 years. 

The victorious alliance of 
Anglo-Catholics and Conser- 
vative Evangelicals, known as 
the Association for the Apos- 
tolic Ministry, said afterwards 
that it was very relieved, and 

ten this report expecting to 
nlease everyone. Those who 

Negations not 
heart of matter 

For this majority such facts 
sustained and illumined faith 
.in the Resurrection and Incar- 
nation. but they were by no 
means the only facts on which 
those great central beliefs rest- 
ed. That was why it was 
possible to believe fully in the 
Resurrection and Incarnation 
while reserving judgement on 
those specific historical 

Faith did not centre on 
negations, the absence of the 
human father or the emptiness 
of a tomb. The mainstream of 
the church believed that those 
negations were entailed by its 

please everyone. Those who 
see in every critical inquiry a 
threat to faith are sure to 
dislike it. So too will radical 
liberals if they hold in con- 
tempt the tradition of the 
church, or think theology is 
barren cloudland." 

Dr Runcie called the report 
“a consensus document" to 
affirm the common faith while 
leaving room for debate and 

“Anglicanism lives danger- 
ously because it tries to maxi- 
mize that liberty for the 
individual, without losing the 
central definition and coher- 
ence of belief and practice. 

This is the spirit in which the 
House has responded to this 
synod, and we hope to have 
your critical solidarity in our 
efforts to offer guidance to our 
church in these things. 


He said: “We have not 
thought it our duty to con- 
struct a barbed wire entangle- 
ment to keep anybody out but 
have sought to affirm the 
articles of faith, with reserva- 
tion. and without excluding 

“Sometimes people suggest 
or hint that there can be a 
double standard of truth: one 
for professors and academic 
leachers of theology, another 
for the church's officers and 
accredited leachers. I confess 
that I am very iff at ease with 
this suggestion. 

“Obviously academics in 
search of new things to say 
may occasionally yield to the 
temptation to propose new 
ideas that lack any sufficient 
historical basis. Bishops have, 
however, the duty, perhaps, to 
ask Christian teachers in exer- 
cise of their rights of freedom 
and unfetlered enquiry, to be 

affirmation, but they could 
not be said to be the heart of 
the matter. It was the action of 
God in uniting with himself 
our human nature, not the 
passivity of Joseph, that was 
central. It was Christ risen in 
the completeness of his glori- 
fied humanity, not the vacat- 
-- ingofa tomb, that was central. 

- “We are confident that the 
church is enriched when our 
feet are set on a -path broad 

- enough for us to move for- 

"We are united in believing 
that our Christian faith is built 
on an irreducible core of* 
historical events: in essence 
that Jesus lived, died and rose 
again. The report is clear that 
‘historical feet does matter'. 
There cannot be authentic 
Christian faith without his- 
torical events. There must be 
enough feet to sustain faith. 

The Bishop of Durham, the Right Rev David Jenkins, 
during his speech in yesterday’s debate at the General Synod 
on the nature of belief, when he deplored what he said were 
false pictures of God (Photograph: John Voos). 

and love, then we are feced The Bishop added:“The 
with a very terrible dilemma birth narratives are far more 

The Bishop of Durham, the 
Right Rev David Jenkins, said 
that God put himself at their 
disposal that they might be 
brought to his disposal- “If 
God is tins sort of loving, 
identifying and gracious God, 
then surely we must be very 
careful, reverent and reticent 
when we pin certain sorts of 
miracles to him. 

“The choice of physical 
miracles with what might be 
called laser-beam-like preci- 
sion and power would, I 
suggest, not seem to be a 
choice which he cared, or 
would care, to use. This is the 
crux, for if such a physical 
transformation with precision 
and power is an option open 
to God consistently with his 
purposes of creation, freedom 


“We are feced with the 
claim that God is prepared to 
work knock-down physical 
miracles in order to let a select 
number of people into the 
secret of his incarnation, res- 
urrection and salvation but 
He is not prepared to use such 
method in order to deliver 
from Auschwitz, prevent Hi- 
roshima. overcome (amine or 
bring about a bloodless trans- 
formation of apartheid. 

“Such a God is surely a 
cubic idol. That is to say he is 
a false and mis-developed 
picture of the true and gra- 
cious God. drawn up by 
would-be worshippers who 
have gone dangerously astray, 
if such a God is not a cultic 
idol produced by mistaken 
3nd confused worshippers but 
actually exists, then he must 
be the very devil, for he 
prefers a few selected worship- 
era to all the sufferers of our 

about the obedience of Mary 
and Joseph in response to the 
unique graciousness of God 
than about Mary's physical 
virginity. The resurrection 
narratives are far more about 
encounters and namings and 
joyful recognitions than about 
the empty tomb. 

He said that the central 
mystery of the Incarnation 
was that God took on the 
contemporary world. As there 
were no knock-down miracles 
which proved to everybody 
that God was around, so there 
was no church with knock- 
down authority. 

Dr Jenkins said that they 
ought to accept the report 
from the House of Bishops 
and move on in conversation, 
commitment, criticism and 
witness. “We need to face the 
issue . of the ordination of 
women and not be bullied, 
frightened or dismayed by 
backward-looking references,"' 
he said. - • — 

clergy, who are generally al- 
lowed to officiate at services of 
Holy Communion in parish 
churches in England The 
measure would have enabled 
women priests to seek a 
restricted licence from the 
local bishop. ' 

Tomorrow the Synod is to 
debate a report that sets out 
proposals for handling dissent 
in the church, should the 
ordination of women come to 
pass. The proposals discuss 
candidly and at length the 
possibility of a formal split in 
the Church of England, and 
many Synod members appear 
to have been very alarmed by 
iL The feelings would have 
been a factor in determining 
the fate of the- measure on 

It appears that there will be 
a move tomorrow to postpone 
further work on legislation for 
the ordination of women for 
the foreseeable future, in the 
light of Saturday's vote. 

Dr Runcie. in his plea to the 
Synod said: “We cannot have 
little Englanders in the matter 

“The orthodox now. .recog- 
nize that the Anglican Com- 
munion exists, and though 
thev were at first- surprised, 
that it can -be different from 
the Church of- England, they 
have now accepted this. The 
Roman Catholic Church' is 
not dealing with- just: -the 
Church of England and would 
positively discourage any 
UDF on • recognition V of 

“While the ordination of 
women remains a serious 
obstacle to communion,' the 
limited permission we -.’are 
talking about in this measure 
would- make no significant' 
difference in our relations 
with Rome, because wfe are 
already a communion-.' of 
churches which includes some 
which have taken this step. 

r> • 

i T • - ‘ i 


: fi - ■ 

or- r :;- c 

Pi-. -'X* > 
erf 1 -.!, ; 
. Atf-- 1 :.- 

. sstf i 

“if we feil ' to pass: .this 
resolution we shall .threaten 
the. unity of the Anglican 
Communion, which t believe, 
in the long run, is something 
to be cherished and.; worth 
many a lesser sacrifice. It is a 
step which will build up our 
communion, and thereby, in 
the long run. assist our "all- 
round efforts -for Christian 
unity, both . internationally 
and. nationally." ' . 

aft’ 3 -'' 1 . : 




Continued from page 1 
arch critic, the Rev David 
Holloway, of Newcastle, 
whose motion in the Synod 
after the Bishop's consecra- 
tion led to the report from the 

Mr Holloway's circulated 
text strongly suggested that the 
Bishop of Durham's views 
were heretical, but he dropped 
that and other attacks, and 
diverted his main criticism to 
the report by the bishops. It 
was, he said, reductionist, 
ambiguous and confused. The 
report made room for the 
Bishop of Durham's beliefs. 

while nevertheless emphasiz- 
ing that historical belief in the 

virgin birth and empty tomb 
were normative for the 
church. • 

Mr Holloway wished the 
bishops to say that it was 
compulsory. He challenged 
the Archbishop of Canterbury, 
Dr Robert Runcie, to declare 
that the virgin birth and 
empty tomb -were “alone" the 
faith of the Church of En- 
gland, eliminating afl other 

position-taken by the House of 
' Bishops, said: “We need to- be 
patient and sensitive with one 
another's difficulties. • We 
must not be too quick on --the. 
draw in gunning -down what 
seems to be heresy" J . 

ggpi'--" , 

■*s ^ 

■. ... - 



JJCS^ - l". 




msa r : • 

tsft: " r ;: 

sir* - ■ ; _ 


tet > - 

Dr Runcie. in an attempt to 
unify the; .church round the 

The Synod was making no 
decision on those issues yes- 
terday. After the debate and 
discussion, both in the Synod 
itself and in smaller organized 
groups in ihe afternoon, the 
Synod was leaving the issues 
to be put to the vote at another 
meeting, probably in 
November. : -v : 

EEC fac 
worst cri: 

fc/onalfua 8 m 


Changing face of television: 1 



The Peacock report on the financing of In the first of two articles. Bill 
the BBC, published last week, high- Johnstone, Technology Correspondent, 


lighted some of the new technical 
innovations that television will be able 
to exploit in the near Jut ure. 

looks at the principal areas where 

change is imminent, starting with 
satellite television. 


'Prevention is better than cure', (n leprosy 
treatment, that cliche marks precisely where we have 

. gat to. The cure has taken so long that we have not 
■■ dared to think about prevention. Now we can. For 

■■ dared to think about prevention. Now we can. For 
work is hastening to provide immunity from this 
• crippling, debilitating, ill-understood disease. 

- Your help has taken us this far. We need more of 
that help to take us further. To relieve whole areas of 
the Third World from Hs threat To put an end, once and 
. for all, to a disease which cripples and maims. 


It was the efforts of a previous generation that rid 
the world of smallpox and other hornfic diseases. 

Now, it's our turn with leprosy. The work we have 
described here has been made possible with financial 
help given by people like you. Now that we can say 
there is a cure for leprosy, now that we can talk for the 
first time of prevention, we ask for your support again. 

There are many calls 

flEl H on your generosity - that we 

■VI J know 


As long ago as 1948, it was discovered that 
. Dapsone could be used to control the disease. And 
then, the inevitable happened: we began to detect 
■ resistance to Dapsone in some strains of the leprosy 

_ .. The medical breakthrough was finally reached 
just a few years ago, in the early part of the decade. A 


But only very rarely 
are we given the chance 
to rid the world of a 
disease. The chance has 
come. Will you take it? 

It took two thousand 
years to find the cure. 
Will you help us 
find a vaccine? 

British television viewers 
will be able to select from 
dozens of channels, watch 
their favourite programme 24 
hours a day and choose from a 
menu that will include chan- 
nels broadcasting in all the 
main European languages. 

That is the promise being 
made by the proponents of 
satellite television. 

A substantial step toward 
realizing that dream will take 
place this autumn with the 
launch of the British satellite 
television service Super- 
channel. It will offer a 24-hour 
service with a mixture of 
sport, music, drama, light 
entertain ment and news with 
an emphasis on British-made 

The British independent 
television companies (except 
Thames, Yorkshire and TV- 
am) are the principal share- 
holders in the project, while 
the BBC (which does not have 
an equity slake) will supply 

Superchan ael will be bailed 
as a revolution in British 
television broadcasting, also 
providing the broadcasters 
with their first opportunity to 
become multinational The 
satellite will beam its service 
across Europe. 

It is an important step for 
the partners who are con- 
vinced that there is an enor- 
mous demand in Europe for 
top quality English pro- 
grammes. Special material se- 
lected from the archives of the 
commercial television compa- 
nies and the BBC will be 
designed to whet European 
appetites and those of 

The European Communica- 
tion Satellite-1 (ECS-1) will 
carry its signals. Cable televi- 
sion networks will receive the 
transmissions with ground an- 
tennae and then re-route the 
service to the homes of sub- 
scribers. The service is aimed 
at 100 million : homes in 
Europe, although only about 
10 per cent subscribe to cable 
television at present. 

For the British television 
companies the project offers a 
market six limes larger than 
the domestic one and a valu- 
able source of income to fund 
large productions without de- 
pending on the American 
market . 

For the BBC it will be the 
first time that its programmes 
will appear on a British televi- 
sion channel funded entirely 
by advertising. Its drama and 
news (it is competing with 

ITN to provide a news service 
to the satellite channel) will 
feature strongly. ■ 

But the channel has more 
significance for the British 
television industry and its 
viewers. It will be the forerun- 
ner of a new type of television. 
Direct Broadcasting by Satel- 1 
lite (DBS). Television chan- 
nels on high-powered 
satellites, emitting about twice 
that used on ECS. will be 
beamed directly into 
viewers'homes where they will 
be received by small dish 
aerials costing abour £500. 

Last year the British DBS 

; By Frances Gibb _\ 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The Lord Chancellor's offi- 
cials have started to work .out 
costings for different models 

of a family court that. may be 
set up for England and Wales 
by 1990. 

So fer only a few responses 
have been sent back to the 
department on a consultation 
paper setting out three possi- 
ble options for the shape, of 
such a court bui views which 
have emeiged endorse ont'.of 
two more radical proposals. 

Under these there would be 
either a unified court within 
the present High Court and 
county court system; or, more 
fundamentally, a new family 
court separate from' r the 
present courts with its own 
distinct structure and. judges. 

The Family Courts ’.Gun- 
paign - a group of about - 100 
individuals. MPs and organi- 
zations launched last year to 
press for a unified Sysiefn for 
all family proceedings- “."has 
not formed a view yet on 
which proposal it Supports: 

But it is clear that there' is 
little general support in the 
campaign for the first, and 
most modest proposal, which 
■would merely, redistribute 
business within, the existing 
court system. This, the xant- 

plans were shelved by the 
BBC. in partnership with oth- 
ers including the independent 
television companies. The 
cost. based on a satellite 
system made by a consortium 
of British Aerospace. British 
Telecom and GEC-Marconi, 
was thought at the time to be 
loo high. - 

Since then the IBA has been 
given the task of reviving the 
project and has invited 
lenders from interested parties 
wishing to run one or all three 
of the DBS channels on offer. 
Tenders must be submitted by 

Tomorrow: Promises and 

B maintains. is “not a 

y court at air. 

This proposal, under which 
magistrates' courts, would .re- 
tain their domestic jurisdic- 
tion. is likely to .win . wide 
support among justices and 
their clerks, however.: , 

, The National Association 
Gare and Resettlement 
of Offenders (Nacro) has come 
out strongly Tn . favour ; .of- 
including juvenile criminal 
proceedings with the family 
court, organized in a way 
which incorporates the. best 
features of children's hearings 
in Scotland. 

new combination of drugs not only provided a cure 
but dramatically reduced the duration of treatment 

but dramatically reduced the duration of treatment 
Non-infectious cases can be cured in a six-monih 
treatment using three drugs. The treatment time with 
infectious cases has been shortened to a minimum of 
t two years. 

We have a casts £35 for a year% 
treatment And LEPRA has proved how it can make 
your money work. 

In 1966, when we storied our Malawi 
. programme, there were an estimated 50,000 leprosy 
' sufferers. By January 1984, 43,771 patients had been 
’ successfully treated. 

Lepra, Surfs 54, Manfietd House, 
376 The Strand, London WC2R 0LR. 

Race rape 

pfo: Joy Martian d, Lepra, Dep»TM26 Suite 54, Manfield HousCI 

I vw ■ i i _ . _ ■ 

j 376 The Strand, London WC2R0LR. 

I l would like to make a donation towards the research into a 
| preventive vaccine. I endose a cheque/P.O. made payable lo 

I Lepra for £ or, please debit my Access/ 

I Bardaycard/Trustcard (delete as applicable. 

1 Please debit my account for £ 

] My card no. is 1 

] Signature of cardholder 


' |HoaCArtUl5PlC)kSE: 


A complaint that The Sun- 
day Times newspaper implied 
that a gang of Brixton youths 
were “racist rapists", was 
rejected yesterday by the Press 
Council. Mr R Borzello. of 
Camden Passage. London, 
complained that the reporting 
of colour in two instances was 
inconsistent, and could con- 
tribute to racial prejudice. 

The Press Council’s adjudi- 
cation was: 


■ It is our calculation that only half of leprosy 
sufferers have so far been identified for curative 
r treatment. That fact makes the search for an immunity 
; vaccine even more pressing. Already an anti-leprosy 
l vaccine has been developed and is undergoing 
\ preliminary field teste. If it succeeds, we can proceed to 
- long-term vaccine trials. 


I Afcemcrfwdy, if you vrould like details of how locovenonl your donation | 
1 or how to make a legacy to Lepra please lick the appropriate box 
1 below 

| Q Covenants Q Legacies j. 

] Thank you for your interest and generosity ^^N^ I 

1 Lepra. Reg. Charity na 713251 ftrtran.- HM The Queen. ^ 


“The article principally 
complained of was a wide- 
ranging general one about the 
incidence of robbery and vio- 
lent crime. In the Press 
Council’s view ihe passing 
reference to a rape case in 
which “six black youths" were 
awaiting sentence was no 
more than a way of reminding 
readers of the case being cited. 

The council does not find that 
the woods implied the defen- 
dants were racist rapists or 
that the words prejudiced 
racial harmony." 

£2m for Lotto Venus 

“Venus and Cupid," a paint- 
ing by Lorenzo Lotto acquired 

by the Metropolitan Museum 
in New York, which described 
it as the most important 
addition to its collection of 
Renaissance paintings since 
1949 (Geraldine Norman, Sale 
Room Correspondent writes). 

it is . reputed to hare cost 
about S3 million (£2 million) 
and was bought for the muse- 
um^ by Mrs Charles 
Wrightsman, one .of its key 

benefactors- . . 

Mr Adrian Ward Jackson, 
the London dealer, discovered 
it in a Swiss collection. The 
painting was previously known 
only from a photograph taken 
before 1912 in which -Venus 
had .been prudishly 

After cleaning by Mr John 
Brealey, ■ the Metropolitan's 
chief picture conservator, her 
seductive flesh has been re- 
vealed in all its glory. 

. "P , *? c Include: central par- 
ticipation of child and parent: 
far greater in formality' and-an . 
inquisitorial, rather., thin an 
adversarial, approach. 

Fipm now^ until October. - 
the deadline for. responses to 
the Government's proposals, 
another central question- will 
be the extent to which magis- 
trates wifi still be involved: as 
lay representatives of the com- 
munity . in a new court which 
may well absorb their jurisdic- - 

, Government assumes 
there would be lay iijvaive- 

“JSr , 4 °. opiiohS but 
while the Law Society- for 

feypufe laymen fo: 
volvetf. m. jaige. numbers fof 

family «ses. ihat. vicw.vis v 
opposed by th? Bar. . ; ■ £ . ' 

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Marcos man challenges Aquino 

From lfi»s»h 


From Keith Dalton 


:te£»as™ ■ 

■tlhnt • runnin ? mate in 
Hotel® u,es «SofSe tofu 

i«tS r 31 ^ t 1 ? h ad received a 
letter from Mr Marcos, who £ 

m S? ,n Hawaii * asking him 

- Sft 0Ver unul 68-year- 
ojd former leader could 

* return. 

r m £® a ^5 g i P^Rared state- 
ment Mr Tolenuno named 

im5, 7 em ^ ° f Ws Cabinet 

* 25 U ?i n8 / he ^^nce Minis- 
1^* Mr Joan Ponce Enrile. 
.who wtth General Fidel Ra- 
7 t " e armed forces chief. 

- Ik J5 e revo!l to overthrew 

■ the Marcos regime. 

Mr Enrile was not in the 
, P ote l' . hut Jater in a radio 
interview he dismissed his 
; appointment and said: “1 am 
n«n asking for another job." 

; Since the revolt Mr Enrile 
. gas expressed full support for 
. President Corazon Aquino 

- and. although critical of the 

- Government’s counter-insur- 
; gency campaign against com- 
munist rebels, has dismissed 
speculation that he would 
support or initiate a military 
cpup with the backing of pro- 
Marcos troops. 

Mr Tolentino has refused to 
; relinquish his claim to the 
vice-presidency, proclaimed 
; by the Marcos-dominated Na- 
tional Assembly before its 
dissolution, and has de- 
_ nounced the Aquino Govem- 
1 mem as illegal and uncon- 

His oath-taking, before a 
former member of the Su- 
preme Court, was a fulfilment 
of his long-standing pledge to 
assert his claim to the vice- 
presidential post 

■ The rowdy ceremony was 
. preceded by the arrival of a 
^ busload of heavily armed 
. soldiers who entered and se- 
' cured the building before star- 
tled hotel guests. 

They wore maroon head- 
bands on which the word 

Pro-Marcos troops arriving at a Manila park to be welcomed by supporters of the deposed president at a rally (above) while, 
at a Manila hotel, Mr Arturo Tolentino. the former running mate of Mr Marcos, takes the oath of office as acting president 

"Guardians" was written and 
on their fatigue jackets was a 
sticker with the words: "Long 
Live Democracy-" 

Marcos supporters, milling 
inside the Tobby and ouiside 
the guarded hotel doors 
cheered as Mr Totemjno pro- 
claimed his cabinet intimat- 
ing he had the support of both 
Mr Enrile and General 

Mrs Aquino, who is on a 
two-day visit to the southern 
island of Mindanao, said in a 
hurriedly called press confer- 
ence in Cagayan de Oro City, 
that her Government was in 
full control. Mr Enrile was 
"looking after my welfare" 
and ' her five-month-old ad- 
ministration had the backing 
of the 200,000-strong armed 

She said Mr Tolentino, a 75- 
year-old former Foreign Min- 
ister. could face sedition 
charges and said his oath- 
taking appeared to be pan of a 

de-stabilization strategy or- 
chestrated by Mr Marcos. 

Should any of the renegade 
soldiers, who appeared to 
come from the northern prov- 
inces traditionally aligned to 
Mr Marcos, resort to violence 
then they would be arrested, 
she said. 

• MADRID: Mr Salvador 
Laurel, the Philippines Vice- 
President and Foreign Minis- 
ter. dismissed here yesterday 
the risks of a successful coup 
in his country, declaring: “It's 
a very small group. Tolentino 
has declared himself President 
but no one is following him. 

"There is no risk of a 
setback for democracy, they 
cannot upset the situation in 
the Philippines. All the lime 
we are achieving a greater 

Mr Laurel made his re- 
marks after telephoning Ma- 
nila from Barajas Airport, 
Madrid, where he had arrived 
to begin an official visit. 

EEC faces 
; worst crisis 
; on budget 

From Jonathan Braude 
*- • .. Brussels - 

Britain takes over the presi- 
dency of the European ’Com- 
munity's Council of Budget 
Ministers at adifiicult tone. 

Mr Peter Brooke, Minister 
of State at the Treasury, has 
jHst due week to lead. Europe 
out of what Mr Henning 

- Christophersen, the’ European 
” Commissioner for the Budget. 

- has described as the worst 
« crisis in its history. - 

The- crisis comes after a 
~ ruling fty 'the European Court 
df Justice that the £21 billion 
. 1986 budget passed by the 
' European Parliament in defi- 
Z ance of the budget ministers, 
■* was illegal. The Community is 
' now without a budget, al- 
^ though the court rided dial 
money already committed this 
1 year cannot be withdrawn. 

■> Unless a new budget can be 
agreed by the end of the 
Parliament's session this 
week, spending from August 
will be limited to monthly 
payments of one twelfth of last 
year's bndiget That would, 
leave a shortfall of £3 billion 
over the year — and no 
provision for Spain and Portn- 
gaL which joined this year. 

The court said the budget 
became unla wful when the 
Parliament unilaterally ’in- 
creased it by nearty £400 
million beyond the councJTs 
£20.6 billion budget 

It remains for the Parlia- 
ment and the Council to agree 
on a new budget a task made 
easier by a Commission tier 
maud for a £1.45 bdbon 
supplementary budget Buned 
lathe supplementary budget is 
£560 million to cover regional 
and social aid and payments to 

Spain and Portugal — the 'ery 
items in ’ dispute between the 
Parliament and. the Council 
last year. 

The supplementary bodget 
also provides an extra £576 
million for agriculture ^and 
takes into account* £315 
million cat in Britain s contri- 
bution to the Community, to 
counterbalance last years 


The supplementary -budget 

and the £20.6 billion Counal 
budget total £22.1 
Brooke frill chair a Budget 
Council in Brussels .today to 
try to find a compronuseon the 
size of the overall budget 
Tomorrow he wifl ronsnlt the 
President of J^amenL 
M Pierre Pflimlm, and its 

budget committee. 

Diplomats hope the Parik- 
mentcan vote on the budgrton 

of budget ministers mas th en 
be required. 

The court ruling was in tend- 
ed to end the «*pejt»n 
between the Comm and the 
Parliament by definu^ 1 ** 
latter's powers more oearjy» 
Rut if may have soured the 

point where agreement is im- 
possible this week. 

charged on 
gun death 

From Susan MacDonald 

A French • policeman was 
charged with manslaughter 
yesterday after a motorist was 
shot dead in Paris. 

The charge came after a 
judicial inquiry was set up by 
the Public Prosecutor’s office. 

The incident took place 
near the Opera House early on 
Saturday when police gave 
chase to a car. The car turned 
the ' wrong way up a one-way 
street and crashed into an 
oncoming vehicle; The driver,, 
according to eye-witnesses, got 
out and ran away, pursued by 
a policeman with a gun. 

As they turned a comer the 
man fell. The policeman alleg- 
edly fired at him, killing him 

Police headquarters here 
issued a statement saying that 
a policeman said he acted in 
self-defence when he saw the 
running man trying to pull an 
object out of his pocket which 
he assumed to be a gun. 

. . The dead man was named 
as Lore Leffebvre, aged 27. 

There have been several 
incidents of police over-reac- 
tion since the right-wing Gov- 
ernment came to power in 

In a separate incident, two 
men have been arrested in 
connection with the death of a 
policeman in a shoot-out after 
a bank raid at Pierrelatte 

Meanwh/IeAction Drrecte , 
the left-wing extremist group, 
yesterday admitted responsi- 
bility for two bomb blasts in 
Paris early yesterday. The 
blasts, at the offices of the 
Societe Air Liquide and 
Thomson, caused consider- 
able damage but no casualties. 

The group said the bomb- 
ings were in retaliation for the 
Franco-Americafr celebration 
ofthe Statue of Liberty in New 
York- It also demanded an 
end to collaboration with the 
South African Government 

Mexican state elections 

Troops patrol as poll fraud 
and corruption are alleged 

From John Carlin, Ciudad Joarez, Chihuahua 

Army troops patrolled the 
streets of this large Mexican 
town on the US border yester- 
day as voters went to the polls 
in elections described by op- 
position parties as fraudulent 
and comipL 

■Political parties of both the 
right and the left joined spe- 
cially-organized groups of in- 
dependent poll observers in 
threatening acts of public 
disobedience should the ruling 
Institutional Revolutionary 
Party (PRI) rig the vote to win 
simultaneous elections for 
state governor, town mayors 
and congressional deputies in 
Chihuahua. Mexico's largest 

Elections for governor were 
also taking place in the states 
of Michoatim, Zacatecas and 
Durango. The PRJ has not lost 
a state election for 57 years. 

Chihuahua, the size of 
Spain but with a population of 
only 3 million, is where the 
opposition — in particular the 
right-wing. National Action 
Party (PAN) — is strongest and 
where, therefore, the chances 

of fraud are thought to be 

"In a certain sense the 
elections are invalid already," 
said the PAN candidate for 
governor, Senor Francisco 
Barrio, in a press conference 
on Saturday. 

The main left-wing party, 
the communist-based Unified 
Socialist Mexican Party 
(PSUM). shares ihe PAN be- 
lief that the PRI Government 
tampered with the electoral 
machinery in such a way that 
even before the first ballot was 
cast the odds were set heavily 
against the opposition. 

In the absence of anyone 
but PRI officials in the elec- 
tion organizing commissions, 
the opposition claim that the 
electoral register in Chihua- 
hua has been inflated with 
false names. These non-exis- 
tent "voters" will be put down 
in the post-ballot electoral lists 
as having voted for the PRI, it 
is claimed. 

A disenchanted PRI official 
closely involved in the elector- 
al process admitted in a 

private conversation that pre- 
ballot fixing of this type had 
indeed been arranged. He 
even anticipated more cheat- 
ing after polling was over. 

He said that registered vot- 
ers who do not go to the polls 
will, where necessary, be add- 
ed to the list of PRI voters. 
"An abstention is a vote for 
the PRI,' the official said 

But the PRI in Chihuahua 
say it will win the elections 
cleanly. The PRI, having in- 
vested more than usual 
amounts of money and energy 
in its election campaign, says 
PAN is a beaten party which 
had turned to claims of fraud 
to cover up its basic 

.3 00 mites 
:iudad Juarez- 

.^& H WAHU A ; 





>T #i 


French plan disposal of 
polluted soil at plant 

From Our Correspondent, Paris 

The authorities in Lyons 
announced over the weekend 
that the contaminated soil 
around the French Electricity 
Company’s transformer sta- 
tion in Villeurbanne will be 
removed and destroyed 
A fire at the station last 
week caused about 400 litres 
of pyralene (polychlorobi- 
phenyl). used for cooling, to 
seep into the sofl-The station 
itself will berated. 

The method of soil removal 
will be determined at a meet- 
ing today. One method under 

consideration is to freeze the 
soil chemically, which would 
then be transported 

Nearby houses were evacu- 
ated at the -time of the fire. 
Several people suspected of 
having inhaled toxic fumes 
have been kept under observa- 
tion but no abnormalities 
have so far been found. 

The Mayor of Villeurbanne, 
the former Socialist Defence 
Minister. M Charles Hemu, 
was the first to submit to a 
medical test, the first result of 
which should be known today. 

Missing yacht 
found with 
crewmen slain 

Durban (AP) — A yacht 
which sailed from Durban a 
month ago has arrived in 
Mauritius with its Italian own- 
er wounded and two South 
African crewmen shot dead, 
apparently in a fight over 
money, several newspapers 
reported yesterday. 

The newspapers, quoting 
hospital officials in the Mauri- 
tian capital Port Louis, said 
Signor Luciano Turino Mem- 
eo. the yac ht owner, was 
recovering under guard in 
hospital from a superficial 
head wound. 

Split looms in Spanish Opposition 

From Richard Wigg 

Spain's Cbristian Democrat 
party, the second most impor- 
tant element , in the combined 
Opposition led by Senor Ma- 
nuel Fraga- .is to open discus- 
sions with the ruling Socialists 
to try to obtain a ■ more 
individual voice in the new 

Parliament. ■ , 

The move is the dearest 
sign yet ofthe profound upset 
in. the ranks of the Opposition 
caused by last month’s general 
election, when the Socialists 
won an absolute majority for 
the second tinie. The Opposi- 
ifon did not advance, taking 
105 seals - one less than last 

time. ' . . f . 

Senor Oscar Alzaga- the 
Christian Democrat leader, a 
44 -vear-old Madnd lawyer. 
has T been saying that the 
formula, which twee Jed the 
Opposition to failure, can only 

Senor Fxaga: looking for a 
more indmdnal voice, 
lead to further disasters at next 
vear's general election in 13 of 
Spain's autonomous regions 
and in the municipal polls. 

The Christian Democrats 
have to negotiate wiffi the 
Socialists because, with its 1 84 
MPs in the new lower house, 
this party alone can reform the 
parliamentary ralesL 
Having . fought the election 

as part of a coalition, the 
Christian Democrats are not 
entitled to have their own 
parliamentary group. But 
without such a group able to 
project itself in parliamentary 
debates. Senor Alzaga reckons 
his 21 MPs cannot possibly 
attract more voters. 

The Socialists, who .now 
have to reckon with additional 
opposition from the 19 new 
MPs led by Senor Adolfo 
Suarez, the former Centre 
Democrat Prime Minister, 
have been presented with a 
choice. To; grant the request 
would augment the Opposit- 
ion's. role, including time on 
stale-run television, but the 
Socialists would also be divid- 
ing their opponents. 

• Senor Fraga. who has al- 
ways been the most comfort- 
able Opposition leader for the 
Socialists to face, with his 
well-known past as a Franco 
minister and loudly pro- 


claimed home-spun convic- 
tions. might end up heading a 
rump party of some 70MPS. 

If the Christian Democrats 
ggl their way the tiny right- 
wing Liberal Party would also 
wash to express greater inde- 
pendence from Senor Fraga. 

Senor Alzaga, who as a 
student fell foul of the Franco 
regime's police, maintains 
there is an electorate for a 
European-styJe Christian De- 
mocrat Party in Spain with 
middle-of-ibe-road policies. 

Seftor .Alzaga. who has the 
image of a remote intellectual 
and cannot vie with Senor 
Fraga or Senor Suarez a$ a 
popular vote-getter, faces the 
problem that even if he de- 
marcates his parliamentary 
party dearly from that of 
Senor Fraga. there exists no 
guarantee that non-Sociaiist 
voters will do the same or. as 
Senor Alzaga really wants, 
grow in numbers. 

South African unrest 

Seven blacks die 
in attacks on 
township patrols 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

Nine blacks died in violence 
at the weekend in South 
Africa, seven of them in a 

running gunbaule between of- 
ficials of the East Rand Devel- 
opment Board and insurgents 
armed with AK47 rifles. 

The deaths bring to 108 the 
number of people reported by 
the government's Bureau for 
Information to have been 
killed in "unrest-related 
incidents" since the emergen- 
cy was declared on June 11 

According to the bureau, six 
black employees of the devel- 
opment board were patrolling 
the township of Vosloorus. 
south-east of Johannesburg, 
before dawn on Saturday 
when their vehicle was over- 
taken by a white Toyota 
Cressida saloon, which pulled 
up some way ahead of them. 

Shots fired from the car 
killed two occupants of the 
board's vehicle and wounded 
three others; The car sped 

Later, another group of 
development board officials 
patrolling the nearby town- 
ship of Katlehong in two cars 
were fired on from the same 
Cressida. the bureau said. 

The officials had stopped 
their cars by the side of the 
road and climbed oul The 
Cressida "appeared from the 
opposite direction, driving on 
the wrong side of the road" 
without lights. 

As it drove past the parked 
vehicles, its headlights came 
.on and its occupants opened 

fire, killing three officials and 
wounding nine. A little Later, a 
police car spotted the Cressida 
elsewhere in Katlehong and 
gave chase. 

"During the ensuing chase, 
shots were fired by both 
parties. The driver of the 
Cressida lost control and 
rolled the car" the bureau 
reported. Its three occupants 
crawled out and tried to 
escape. One got away, but the 
other two were shot dead by 
the police. 

An empty AK47 magazine 
was found in the car, which 
had been stolen in Johannes- 

Meanwhile, several thou- 
sand black goldminers were 
reported to have staged a "go- 
slow" on Saturday at Free 
State Geduld, part of Free 
State Consolidated Gold 
Mines (Freegold). owned by 
the Anglo-American Corpora- 
tion. near Welkom in the 
Orange Free State. 

Few details were available, 
but it appeared to be a protest 
against the detention of trade 
union leaders 

• WINDHOEK: Two mem- 
bers of West Germany’s 
Greens party on a fact-finding 
mission. Frau Anna-Marie 
Borkmann and Herr Michael 
Vesper, were reportedly 
picked up by South African- 
backed security police in 
Windhoek's Katalura black 
township yesterday and de- 
tained under security legisla- 
tion (AFP reports). 

Botha snub threatens 
Howe’s EEC mission 

From Our Own Correspondent, Johannesburg 
South African newspapers clergyman. Dr Allan Boesak, 

reported at the weekend that 
the visit to South Africa by Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, Foreign Sec- 
retary, as an emissary of the 
EEC was in donbt, or at the 
very least likely to be delayed, 
because of the reluctance of 
both Government and black 
leaders to meet him. 

The Johannesburg Sunday 
Times claimed that President 
Botha had indicated to Lon- 
don, in what the paper termed 
a calculated "snub", that a 
meeting with Sir Geoffrey this 
week would be "inconvenient". 

This 1ms not been confirmed 
officially here, bnt it would 

take a similar view of the 
Howe mission. It is under- 
stood that word has been sent 
to Mr Nelson Mandela, the 
jailed African National Con- 
gress (ANC) leader, that he, 
too, should decline to meet Sir 

Meanwhile, eight of South 
Africa's top businessmen, in- 
cluding Mr Gavin Relly. the; 
chairman of the Anglo Ameri-’ 
can Corporation, Mr Chris 
Ball the chief executive of 
Barclays Bank, and Mr Tony 
Bloom, chairman of the Pre- 
mier Group, have made a 
public appeal to President 

certainly fit the mood . prevail- „ Botha* to release Mr Mandela 
mg m Pretoria, .ref by the * andJegairce the ANC. 

xenophobic speech last Thurs- 
day to a National Party meet- 
ing in Witbank by Sir 
Geoffrey's Sooth African, 
counterpart Mr R. F. “Pflt" 

In it Mr Botha said South 
Africa would no longer pot op 
with foreign "meddling" and 
told his countrymen to prepare 
for the imposition of economic 

Most blade leaders also see 
little point in Sir Geoffrey's 
visit.' if for rather different 
reasons. Bishop Desmond 
Tutu, an advocate of economic 
sanctums, said Sir Geoffrey’s 
visit would be a waste of time. 

Other black leaders, ind tid- 
ing the Coloured (mixed-race) 

• PORT LOUIS: Mr Rajiv 
Gandhi, the Indian Prime 
Minister, said he expects a 
package on sanctions against 
South Africa, which wQl help 
countries hit by the measures, 
to emerge from a Common- 
wealth leaders meeting in 
London next month (Renter 

He said at the end of ao 
official visit to Mauritius: 
"The idea is to bring South 
Africa to abolish apartheid 
and to establish a truly repre- 
sentative government. We 
have to make a Common- 
wealth package to help conn- 
tries adversely affected by the 

for pianist 

From Christopher Walker 

Barry Douglas, the first 
Westerner to become outright 
winner of the prestigious 
Tchaikovsky piano competi- 
tion in 28 years, flies bade to 
London tonight to a VIP 
welcome and a flood of offers 
from all over the world. 

At a champagne ceremony 
on Saturday, a senior British 
diplomat, Mr Noel Marshall, 
said it was "especially wel- 
come" that he came originally 
from Belfast in view of the 
repeated attacks on British 
policy in Northern Ireland by 
the Kremlin and the official 
Soviet media. 

Mr Douglas, aged 26, and 
his musician girlfriend. Miss 
Ruth Wilkinson - also from 
Belfast, where they met at 
school - have been on a 
spending spree over the week- 
end with the 2^00 roubles 
(about £2^50) which he won 
as prize money and which are 
worthless outside the Soviet 

Miss Wilkinson, an^ accom- 
plished flautist said Mr 
Douglas had nearly been 
forced to postpone his appear- 
ance in last week's final 
because of a nervous allergy 
that caused a skin rash and 
made his playing fingers swell. 

Before leaving Moscow he 
was doe to give a final conceit 
at the Conservatory this morn- 
ing, after one yesterday which 
again demonstrated^ his enor- 
mous popularity with Soviet 
audiences and especially fe- 
male Russian music Fans, 
young and old. 

' “They treat me more like a 
pop star," he said. 

Mr Dooglas. a musical all- 
rounder who only began con- 
centrating solely on the piano 
after winning a competition in 
England at the age of 16, said 
he and his girl-friend would he 
lotting a two-week holiday in 
southern Europe after a meet- 
ing in London with his agent 


US atom 
team at 
Soviet site 

From Our Own 

A team of scientists from 
New York have arrived in the 
Soviet Union after winning 
permission from the Kremlin 
to monitor the country’s main 
underground nuclear testing 

A spokeswoman for the 
scientists, who belong to the 
Natural Resources Defence 
Council, a non-government 
environmental group, said 
here yesterday that she expect- 
ed the team to travel to the site 
in Kazakhstan tomorrow to 
instal the monitors. 

It is understood that the 
equipment will be installed at 
three stations within 1 00 miles 
of the test site near Semipaia- 
linsk. A team of two US and 
several Soviet scientists will 
then man the stations. 

Pole in 

Hamburg (UP!) — A 26- 
year-old Pole set himself alight 
with petrol and committed 
suicide in front of the Soviet 
general consulate in Hamburg, 
police said yesterday. 

Police said that the man was 
burned beyond recognition 
and died before a doctor and 
an ambulance reached the 
scene on Saturday night 

He was identified as Marek 
Kucal of Szczecin, the former 
German city of Stettin on the 
Baltic coast of what is now 

New petition 
on Shin Bet 

Jerusalem - Another peti- 
tion has been accepted by the 
High Court of Justice ip 
Jerusalem calling for an inqui- 
ry’ into the role of Israel’s 
counter-intelligence agency 
into the death of two Palestin- 
ians after a bus hijacking two 
years ago (lan Murray writes). 

This sixih petition has been 
lodged by the family of the two 
dead men, Majdi Ahmad Ali 
Abu Jame and his cousin 
Subhi Shehadeh Hassan Abu 
Jame. Both died in the custo- 
dy of Shin Bet. the agency, 
after soldiers stormed the bus, 
killing two hijackers. 

100,000 in 

Levoca. Czechoslovakia 
(AP) — An estimated 100,000 
Roman Catholics thronged a 
remote hillside church yester- 
day for the Levoca pilgrimage. 

This year's pilgrimage, an 
annual event that began more 
than 200 years ago. was the 
largest religious gathering in 
Czechoslovakia since the big- 
gest on record last year at 
Velehrad, in southern 

Strike halted 

Ouowa — A strike by Ontar- 
io doctors over legislation 
restricting charges to patients 
under Ontario’s medical care 
insurance plan, has collapsed 
after 25 days because of 
waning enthusiasm. 

Iran links 

Tehran (Reuter) — Iran's 
telecommunication links with 
the ouiside world, cut by an 
Iraqi air raid last week on a 
satellite ground station, have 
been restored to several coun- 
tries but with long delays, 
operators said yesterday. 

Axe deaths 

Dhaka (Reuter) — Three 
men were axed to death and 
nearly 30 men and women 
wounded when rival villagers 
fought a two-hour battle over 
disputed land in Bangladesh's 
southern Bari sal district, po- 
lice said. 

Drug sentence 

Rio de Janeiro (Reuter) — A 
Brazilian court has jailed a 
Belgian and two Argentines 
for a total of 63 years for 
running a ring which smug- 
gled cocaine into Europe 
through Antwerp — the heavi- 
est sentence imposed on for- 
eigners for drug smuggling. . 

Zhao visit 

Belgrade (AFP) — The Chi- 
nese Prime Minister. Mr Zhao 
Ziyang. arrived here yesterday 
from Bucharest for a five-day 
official visit at the invitation 
of his Yugoslav counterpart, 
Mr Branko Mikulic. 

Coining it 

Rome (AP) — Thousands of 
coins tossed in the Trevi 
Fountain by visitors have 
been pocfcei«J by thieves who 
go “fishing" there at night 
police said yesterday. Two 
youths have been arrested. 

Opium haul 

Delhi (AP) — Police have 
seized more than 660lbs of 
partially-refined opium with 
an estimated market value of 
20 million rupees (£1 million). 

Moscow pizza 

Rome (AP) — An Italian 
consortium plans to open 36 
fast-food pizza restaurants in 
the Soviet Union, one a few 
steps from the Kremlin, the 
La Slampa newspaper said. 

28 Peruvian guerrillas 
killed in Andes battle 

Ayacucho (Reuter) — Peru- 
vian .Army troops on patrol in 
the Andes killed 28 Maoist 
guerrillas in the bloodiest 
clash with Sendero Luminoso 
(Shining Path) rebels in 10 
months, police sources said 

One 1 9-year-old soldier also 
died in the battle, which took 
place shortly before dawn in 
Chilihua district, 100 miles 
north of Ayacucho. 

The skirmish began when 
Sendero rebels rolled boulders 
down a hill on to the soldiers, 
who were patrolling a valley 
where the guerrillas are known 
to hide out in caves. 

- ft was the biggest number of 
Sendero deaths in combat 
reported by official sources 
since September 1 The mili- 
tary said its troops then killed 
29 Sendero rebels in the twin 

Ayacucho hamlets of Umaro 
and Bella vista. Ayacucho. 
Peru's poorest state, is the 
cradle of Sendero's insurgen- 
cy. Nearly 8,000 rebels have 
been killed since 1980. 

Rebels yesterday killed one 
leader of the ruling Social 
Democratic American Popu- 
lar Revolutionary Alliance 
(APRA) and wounded anoth- 
er, police said. 

The police also said Sendero 
guerrillas in Lima last night 
hurled dynamite at embassies 
and the bust of the former US 
President John Kennedy caus- 
ing only slight damage. 

The rebels have threatened 
to kill 10 APRA memberafor 
everv prisoner who died in a 
two-day prison uprising last 
momh. which resulted in the 

Ieasi ,56 'accused 
guerrilla prisoners. 

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<r it it # ft 

Assad set to send more 
troops to keep 
Arafat clear of Beirut 

, Assad is prepared 

im? nd fU o her SyriaD iroops 
* I™? Beirut this week to 
maintain the ceasefire in the 
city and to prevent Mr Yassir 
Arafat s Palestine Liberation 
urbanization from re-estab- 
«hing itself in its former 
Lebanese capital". 

For as Syrian Baath Party 
miliinmen yesterday patrol- 
tea the perimeter of the Pales- 
tinian camps of Sabra and 
L hati la, 11 ^ fest becoming 
ap.prent. that Syria’s neW 
tnmtary involvement in Bei- 
S'®? as much to ' 

JJJ* p LO - and stop the 
.Possible return of Arafat him- 
self ~ as to restore order from 
the anarchy and lawlessness of 
the city. 

. There were strong rumours 
in Beirut at the weekend that 
Syna had used American dip- 
lomats to reassure Israel of its 
intentions before committing 
armed troops to west Beirut 
and had received the almost 
enthusiastic approval of the 

It was Israel which drove 
Arafat out of Beirut in 1982 
and if Damascus wants to 
keep him out there will, it 
seems, be no objections from' 
the Israelis. 

The reappearance of uni- 
formed Syrian soldiers in west 
Beirut — for the first lime 
since they, too, were evacuat- 
ed during the Israelis' siege- of 
1982 — has already placed ■ 
enormous psychological pres- 
sure on President Geraayel. 
whose opposition to Syria's 
“peace" plans for Lebanon 
grew suddenly muted at the 
weekend. Mr Gemayel's ad- 
visers were reduced to making 
unhappy asides about the 

- From Robert Fisk, Beirut 

•"illegality" of the Syrian 
Army’s deployment in the 
western sector of the Lebanese 

Comfortably installed in his 
suite at the Beau Rivage Hotel 
on the Beirut seafront. Briga- 
dier-General Ghazi Kenaan, 
the head of Syrian military 
intelligence in Lebanon, was 
in no mood to suffer these 

"They are trying to fire a 
torpedo into the security 
plan." he said of those among 
Mr Gemayers entourage who 
had criticized the Syrians. “As 
far as we are concerned, we are 
deployed here to reinforce the 
legal (Lebanese) armed forces 
in their efforts to insure 

General Kenaan knows 
only too well that ruthless 
militias have ruled the streets 
here these past two-and-a-half 
years without Mr Gerriayel 
being able to do anything 
about it. 

Up to 200 Syrian soldiers in 
the red-and-green mottled 
uniform of the Syrian "Special 
Forces" units are now patrol- 
ling west Beirut in the compa- 
ny of Lebanese troops and 
members of the paramilitary 
Lebanese Internal Security 
Force. Yesterday they extend- 
ed their deployment to the 
main road intersection at 
Khalde, at the southern lip of 
Beirut airport, where Druze 
and Shia Muslim militias had 
hitherto maintained a check- 

Plainclothes members of 
the Syrian security police with 
automatic rifles are also 
mounting - road-blocks. The 
Syrians have even abandoned 
their reluctance for publicity, 
freely allowing their soldiers 

to pose, rocket-launchers in 
their hands, for Beirut news- 
paper photographers. 

At the road-blocks at which 
I have encountered them, the 
Syrians have invariably be- 
haved correctly and wiih cour- 
tesy. Nor can there be any 
doubting the relief of thou- 
sands of Lebanese to see them 
here: for the first time in 
months, the Lebanese are 
going out at night to bars and 

All this will change, of 
course, if — or when — the 
Syrians come under attack. A 
car bomb left outside Beirut 
airport on Friday was widely 
blamed on the PLO and may 
well have been a warning to 
the Syrians that they cannot 
crush the Palestinians. The 
bomb was safety defused. 

Syria's presence here has 
nonetheless produced another 
of Lebanon's familiar ironies, 
this time uniting the Christian 
Phalangisi militia and the 
PLO — both cruel enemies of 
each other — in opposition to 
President Assad's plans. The 
Syrians have long been claim- 
ing that Mr Gemaycl is indeed 
“in league" with Mr Arafat 
and the coming days will 
prove whether there are any 
grounds for such suspicions. 

For if Syrian troops come 
under fire in west Beirut, they 
will have to call for reinforce- 
ments. And if the war of the 
Palestinian camps restarts, it 
is the Syrians — rather than 
their Lebanese militia allies — 
who will have to participate in 
it next time. 

How far behind the first 
Syrian soldier, the Lebanese 
are asking, comes the first 
Syrian tank? 

1 India acts 

on alien 

From Our Correspondent 

India has decided to amend 
' its Citizenship Act in order to 

* bar a person born in India 
“ from becoming an Indian 

- automatically. A Bill incorpo- 
“ rating this and other amend- 

- men is is being brought before 
“ Parliament m the next session 

- beginning on July 14. 

2 . The Bill is along the line&of 
" ihe- ineasure parsed - by the 
British Government some 
time ago to stop "proliferation 
of immigrants". At that time 
India protested strongly. 

The Home Ministry has 
largued that "the presence of 
jj large numbers of aliens in the 

• country may have the effect of 
^'disturbing the political pro- 1 
mcesC as has happened in 
J Assam, Tripura, et cetera". 

* -Two sections of the Act are 
»to be amended. Under one, 

• every person born in' India on 
! or after January 26, 1950, is a 
] citizen of India by birth. 

- This automatic acquisition 
of citizenship will be prevent- 
ed by an amendment which 
says a person will become a 
citizen "only if at the time of 
birth his father or grandfather 
is a citizen of India". 

The other section is being 
amended to increase the mini- 
mum period of six months’ 
residence to five years for a 
foreigner to apply for citizen- 
ship. For citizenship by narn- 
jralizaiion, the minimum 
•period of residence will be 
■Jdoubled, from fi ve years to 10 

Pakistan coup anniversary 

Bhutto Black Day 
sparks clashes 

From Hasan Akhtar, Islamabad 

One person was killed and 
10 others injured, including 
five policemen, in a clash in 
Tando Mohammad Khan, 
Sind Province, after a call for a 
nation-wide “Black Day" to 
mark the ninth anniversary of 
the overthrow of the former 
Prime Minister, Zulfikar Ali 

' Behind the call was Miss 
Benazir Bhutto, daughter of 
the executed Prime Minister 
and now leader of the Pakistan 
People's Party (PPP). 

Her father was toppled by 
President Zia, the then Army 

Benazir Bhutto addressing a 
weekend meeting in Karachi 

Chief of Staff, nine years ago 
on Saturday. 

In most parts of Pakistan 
the call evoked little reaction, 
in shaip contrast to the mas- 
sive response to Miss Bhutto's 
whirlwind tour only two 
months ago. 

The Black Day observance 
by PPP activists and workers 
was confined to modest public 
meetings and processions. 

At the Rawalpindi public 
meeting. General Tikka Khan, 
a former Army chief and now 
secretary-general of the PPP, 
said his party would continue 
the struggle to remove Gener- 
al Zia and make him answer 
the chaige ofoverthrowing the 
constitutionally-elected Gov- 
ernment of Mr Bhutto. 

Miss Bhutto did not speak 
at any meetings in connection 
with the Black Day but, at a 
trade union -convention in 
Karachi on Saturday, reaf- 
firmed her demands for fresh 
parliamentary elections and a 
change of government by 

If the Black Day call was 
intended to reassert the Paki- 
stan People's Party's claim of 
massive popularity, it fell far 
short, and must have been a 
source of great satisfaction 
and relief to both General Zia 
and his Prime Minister, Mr 
Mohammad KJhan Junejo, 
who leaves on Thursday for 
bis first official visit to the 
United Slates, West Germany 
and Turkey. 

Akali Dal splits after 
Sikh temple row 

From Kuldip Nayar, Delhi 

'Akali. Dal, a party 
rating Sikhs, formally 
m Saturday with the 
[W ay group claiming to 

• real Akali Dal and 
g Mr Prakash Singh 
the former Chief Min- 
F Punjab, as president 
Akali Dal has not been 
for some time, espedal- 

* the resignations of Mr 
and Mr Gurcharan 

Tohra, the former chief 
Shiromani Gordwara 
ndhak Committee, 
manag es Sikh temples, 
le executive, 
ruling Akali party kas 

ading it difficult to fight 

itants but now it wfl! be 
nore difficult for it to do 
ecially when Mr Badal 
raised Jamail Singh 
arrwale. who initiated 
killings in Puitfab and 
treated as a martyr 
i ring died during Oper- 
Une Star in the Golden 
! at Amritsar. 
ppdal is neither a 
t nor a commnnalfct. 

but has not spoken against the 
militants or the communal 
approach of some Sikh groups. 
He has preferred to keep silent 
over the rise in k i llings in 
Pnpjab In the past few days. 

Even the resolutions the 
breakaway group has passed 
do not condemn the killings of 
Hindus. One resolution con- 
demned “police atrocities" on 
Sikh youth, who are reported- 
ly responsible for the kil l i n gs . 

Mr Badal Is trying to radi- 
calize Sikh politics. He is 
against the demand for 
Khalistan, a Sikh homeland, 
but is on the same side as the 
militants for all practical 

The Punjab problem has 
become more difficult to solve 
and the credibility which the 
breakaway Akali group is 
giving to the militants by not 
criticizing them may Anther 
defeat the Accord between Mr 
Rajiv Gandhi the Prime-Min- 
ister, and the late Sant 
Harchand Singh LongowaL 

Jakarta claims 


.v _ indnne- lain and 225 gold bars sold at a 
1th century OJ«f- ftt>m Apnl 

~ The treasure was salvaged 
from a ship which sank near 
the Malacca Straits in 1752. 

Mr Michael Hatcher, a Brit- 
on who led the treasure expe- 
dition, said in Amsterdam 
that the wreck was in interna- 
tional waters. He said Indone- 
sian authorities had been 
aware of what he was doing. . 

easure, auc- 
dam for £10 
len from its 
i and it. > s 
•vent similar 

;nt is trying 
a group or 
-hunters left 
■ 150.000 

Athens in 
on Libyans 

From Mario Modiano 

The number of Libyans in 
Athens who enjoy diplomatic 
privileges and immunity has 
been reduced by a third in a 
discreet operation that West- 
ern counter-terrorism experts 
have welcomed. 

Greece was the only mem- 
ber to have refused to imple- 
ment the European Commun- 
ity’s unanimous decision to 
impose sanctions and restric- 
tion s on Libyan missions. 

Mr Andreas Papandreou, 
the Prime Minister, argued 
there was no evidence that 
Libyan diplomats here were 
involved in terrorism. But 
although only four Libyans 
were publicly listed as diplo- 
mats, Greek officials freely 
admitted that more than 50 
others were here on diplomat- 
ic passes. 

They said they enjoyed 
diplomatic car plates, which 
they were often seen being 
switched illegally from car to 
car. Each was entitled to a 
hand-gun for self-protection 
but they were known to have 
"arsenals of machine-guns" in 
their offices and homes. 

What prompted the exit is 
still officially unclear. Ameri- 
can diplomats here suggested 
it may be due to Libya's 
shortage of foreign exchange. 
Other European sources, how- 
ever. said die Greek Govern- 
ment was quietly throwing 
them out to ingratiate itself 
with the European Communi- 
ty and the Americans. 

The canopy of a hot-air balloon snagging on a tower of Reims Cathedral north-east France, 
during a demonstration flight on Saturday. The balloonist, Helene Dorgrj, and Edmonde 
Baes, her passenger, escaped injury and climbed to safety from the basket. 

The Japanese elections 

Nakasone victory forecast 

With reminders to get out 
and vote being broadcast from 
aircraft and announced on 
trains, the Japanese went U» 
the polls yesterday to elect a 
new lower house, half the 
upper house and pass judg- 
ment on Supreme Court 

Despite forecasts of rain, 
the weather was near-perfect 
and the turn-out an average 71 
per cent across the country, a 
three per cent improvement on 
.the 1983 turn-out when the 
ruling liberal Democratic Par- 
ty performed poorly. The turn- 
out is average for a Japanese 

Almost all the principal 
opinion surveys have been 
pointing to a triumph for Mr 

From David Watts, Tokyo 
Yasnhiro Nakasone, the 
Prime Minister. This should 
allow his party to pick up the 
extra 21 seats in the House of 
Representatives necessary to 
steer policies of all 18 standing 
committees in the direction he 
desires. Indeed, anything less 
would be seen as a defeat for 
the Prime Minister. 

In a last-minute vote-catch- 
ing press conference which has 
infuriated the “new leaders" in 
the party who want to succeed 
him, Mr Nakasone said there 
would be a tax cut forthcoming 
but refused to say of what size. 

He also revealed that he had 
received a letter from Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov, the Sovi- 
et leader, inviting him to visit 

Moscow, thus scoring points 
off Mr Shin taro Abe, the 
Foreign Minister, whom many 
see as the man most likely to 
be the next prime minister. 

The campaign ended with 
last minute appeals from the 
gay rights ami other minor 
parties, while one of the. 
campaign's most memorable 
moments was provided by the 
deaf and dnmb candidate who 
took up his allotted 15 minutes 
of radio time with total silence. 

The police mobilized 53,000 
men to watch for irregularities 
on polling day and said they 
were ready to pick up as many 
as 500 people accused of 
breaching election law during 
the campaign. 

The Pope 

From Geoffrey Matthews 

Managua's announcement 
that it had indefinitely sus- 
pended a Nicaraguan bishop's 
“right to stay in the country* 
was strongly condemned by 
the Pope on his seven-day 
visit to Colombia. 

The Sandinistas have in 
effect expelled Monsignor 
Pablo Anionio Vega Mantilla, 
aged 56. Bishop of Juigalpa 
and. vice-president of the Nic- 
araguan Episcopal Confer- 
ence, who was visiting 
Honduras when the an- 
nouncement was made at the 

While visiting Medellin, 
Colombia's second biggest 
city, the Pope said that "this 
almost incredible fact has 
saddened me profoundly, 
even more so because it 
evokes dark eras still not so 
distant in lime". 

It was to be hoped that those 
responsible would reflect on 
the gravity of what they had 
done, which " furthermore 
contradicts repeated affirma- 
tions of wishing the peaceful 
and respectful co-existence in 
the church”. 

Not for the first time during 
his Colombian visit, the Pope 
said that the church could 
"not let the banner of social 
justice be snatched away by 
any ideology or political 

• MANAGUA: Mgr Vega is 
accused of treason for alleged- 
ly lobbying in the United 
Slates in favour of military aid 
for Contra rebels (Alan 
Tomlinson writes). 

Under headlines accusing 
him of encouraging an Ameri- 
can invasion of Nicaragua, 
Barricada. the official organ of 
the Sandinistas. said he had 
used trips to the US in April 
and May to lobby in favour of 
President Reagan's campaign 
for more aid to the Contras. 

A senior government offi- 
cial told journalists last week: 
"We have tolerated things that 
□o country in our situation 
would tolerate. We have been 
permitting citizens to act 
openly as agents of a country 
that is at war with us.” 

Chernobyl crisis forces 
Byelorussian action 

Moscow (Reuter) — Radia- 
tion controls are still in force 
in parts of Byelorussia after, 
the Chernobyl nuclear acci- 
dent in the Ukraine, according 
to the republic's parly 

Sovieiskaya Byelorussia 
said the situation remained 
complex in southern parts of 
the Bragin and Khoiniki re- 
gions, bordering the Ukraine. 

Trucks carrying concrete. 

asphalt and other materials 
were arriving day and night to- 
help eliminate traces of radia-. 
tion, the newspaper said. 

The Ukraine’s party news- 
paper, Pravda Ukraina, said it 
was still unclear when people 
would be allowed to return to 
their homes within the zone: 

The main concern, it said, 
was to provide enough hous- 
ing for evacuees before the 
onset of winter. 

Rebels go to jail 
for sabotaging 
railway in Kenya 

From Charles Harrison, Nairobi 

In the most serious develop- 
ment since the Mwakenya 
underground movement was 
discovered early this year, 
three Kenyans have been 
jailed for 14 years for sabotag- 
ing the main railway line 
between here and western 
Kenya, and for sabotaging 
telephone lines in the same 
area. - 

Yesterday it was revealed 
that a second attempt had 
been made to sabotage the 
railway line near the Lake 
Victoria port of Kisumu, but 
that a crowded passenger train 
had been halted before hitting 
rocks and an iron bar which 
had been placed on the track. 
It is not known who was 
responsible for the attempt 

Last Friday a magistrate at 
Nakuru. 100 miles from Nai- 
robi, jailed Samuel Mungai, a 
government agricultural offi- 
cer. Philip arap Kiiur, a 
former law student, and 
Karimi Ndulhu, a former 
engineering student, after they 
admitted charges of sedition 
and sabotage. They were said 
to have removed a section of 
the railway line, derailing a 
goods train. 

Unlike earlier cases, Ln 
which 25 Kenyans charged 
with supporting the 
Mwakenya movement plead- 
ed for mercy, the three said 
they did not regret having 

supported a “guerrilla war" 
against the Government 

The court was told that 
Ndulhu broke his leg while 
trying to evade arrest, and that 
Mungai had iried to commit 
suicide by jumping from a 
bridge after being arrested. 

Most of those already jailed 
for sedition are former stu- 
dents of Nairobi University. It 
has been alleged that secret 
meetings were held, at which 
oaths were administered, with 
the aim of overthrowing, the 
GovemraentThe movement 
wanted to see a socialist or 
communist system in Kenya, 
it is claimed. 

More Kenyans are still un- 
der arrest ana are likely to be 
charged, while seven who 
managed to escape across the 
border into Tanzania have 
now been granted political 
asylum in Sweden. 

President Moi has con- 
demned the activities of the 
plotters, describing them as 
misguided people who have 
been misled by foreigners. He 
says some diplomats, from 
unnamed countries, have giv- 
en support to them, and has 
also accused the foreign press 
of publishing unfounded accu- 
sations against bis 

More arrests are expected, 
but the numbers involved 
should be small. 

Briton tells 
of wartime 

Hong Kong (AFP) - A rag- 
tag band of Allied servicemen 
slaughtered entire Javanese 
villages as they fled the Japa- 
nese invaders of the island in 
1942, according to an inter- 
view with a British veteran of 
the Second World War. 

Mr Ellis Davies, who was 
then 19 and commander of a 
British naval launch, told the 
South China Morning Post 
that his men had killed every 
Javanese whom they suspect- 
ed to be pro-Japanese and 
could betray them. 

He said the British sailors 
had been sent inland to fight 
the Japanese in Bandung, 
central Java. But they were 
surrounded and had to strike 
ea£t to escape. During their 
five-month flight the 16-man 
crew was joined by Dutch, 
Australian, New Zealand and 
South African stragglers. 

On their way the 80-strong 
group killed Javanese villagers 
who were likely to turn them 
in to the Japanese. “It was kill 
or be killed, so we killed,” Mr 
Davies told the paper. 

Mulroney feels poll pressure 

Unbelievable as it would 
have seemed scarcely two 
years ago, the Conservative 
Government of Mr Brian 
Mulroney which swept into 
office with one of the biggest 
electoral mandates in Canadi- 
an history now faces an uphill 
battle to prevent it becoming a 
one-ienn wonder. 

Its task is to convince voters 
that it deserves better than to 
be treated as a mere blip on 
the screen of customary Liber- 
al rule. Mr Mulroney has just 
carried out a massive Cabinet 
reshuffle to start the process. 
Twenty-seven ministers swi- 
tched portfolios, were broughl 
into the Cabinet or shuffled 

Mr Mulroney’s most press- 
ing task is to reverse the 
disastrous decline in Tory 
fortunes in Quebec, where the 
party won 58 of 75 House of 
Commons seats in the federal ' 
elections of September 1984 — 
against the one seat it had held 

Recent opinion polls have 
shown the Tories running 
behind the Liberals national- 
ly. But some polls have also 
shown them running third in 

Mr Mulroney, aiming to 
reverse this trend before the 
next election, expected in 
1988, increased the number of ' 
Quebeckers in his Cabinet 
from eight to 10 and appoint- - 
ed four of them to key 
economic portfolios. 

Another political impera- 
tive is to turn the delicate issue 
of free trade with the United 
States to advantage.^ recog- 

From John Best, Ottawa 

nition of the crucial impor- 
tance of this issue to his 
Government’s ultimate sur- 
vival Mr Mulroney moved 
Miss Patricia Carney from the 
portfolio of energy, mines and 
resources to the post of Minis- 
ter for Internationa] Trade. 

His key move in trying to 
redress his Government's fad- 
ing image was to name the 
affable and effective Minister 
of Transport, Mr Donald 
Mazankowski, as Deputy 
Prime Minister in place of the 
pugnacious Mr Erik Nielsen, 
who was dropped from the 

Mr Mazankowski will also 
be Government Leader in the 
House, a logical place to start 
the refurbishing process. 

The new Cabinet is: 

Prime Minister, Brian 
Mulroney; Veterans Affairs, 
George Hees; External Affairs, 
Joe Clark: Communications, 
Flora MacDonald: Transport, 
John Crosbie; Minister of State, 
Roch LaSalle; Deputy Prime 
Minister, President of the Privy 

Mr Malroney: trying to re- 
verse disastrous decline. 

Council and Hoose Leader, Don 
Mazankowski; Revenue, Elmer 
MacKay; Health, Jake Epp; Ag- 
riculture, John Wise; Justice 
and Attorney-General, Ray 
Hnaryshyn; Secretary of State, 
Mnltknltnralism, David Crum- 
ble; President of Treasury 
Board: Robert de Cotret; De- 
fence, Perrin Beatty; Finance, 
Michael Wilson; Gummier and 
Corporate Affairs, Harvie An- 
dre; Minister of State for Fitness 
and Amateur Sport, Otto 
Jelinek; Fisheries, Tom Siddon: 
Minister of State for Wheat 
Board, Charlie Mayer; Indian 
Affairs and Northern Develop- 
ment, Bill McKniaht; Environ- 
ment, Tom McMillan; Interna- 
tional Trade, Pat Carney; 
Minister of State for Transport, 
Andre Bissonnette; Employ- 
ment and Immigration, Benoit 
Bouchard; Regional Industrial 
Expansion, Canada Post, Mi- 
chel Cote; Solicitor-General, 
James Kelleher. Energy, Mines 
and Resources, Marcel Masse; 
Minister of State for Privatiza- 
tion, and responsibaty for Status 
of Women, Barbara McDougaU; 
Minister of State for Forestry 
and Mines, Gerald Merrilhew; 
Supply and Services, Monique 
Vezina; Public Works and 
responsibility for Mortgage and 
Housing Corporation, Stewart 
Mclnnes; Science and Technol- 
ogy, Frank Oberle; Senate Lead 1 ' 
er and Minister of_ .State for 
Federal-Provincial- ^ '“Relations, 
Lowell -Murray; Associate Min- 
ister of Defence, Paul Dick: 
Labour. Pierre Cadieux; Min- 
ister. of State for Youth, Jean 
Charest; Minister of State for 
Finance, Tom Hockin; Minister 
of State for External Relations, 
Monique Landry. Minister of 
Stale for Small Business and 

Tourism, Bernard Val court; 
Minister of State for Immigra- 
tion. Gcny Weiner. 

Chile calm 
but tense 
after strike 

. . From Lake Sagaris 

Santiag o 

A tense calm has settled 
over Santiago in the wake of 
last week's two-day general 
strike against military rule, 
which left six people dead and 
more than 50 with bullet 

Police are also investigating 
an attack by a paramilitary 
group on a police station late 
on Friday night. 

Over Lhe weekend, the fu- 
nerals of victims became con- 
tinuations of the anti- 
Govemment protests. During 
the funeral of 24-year-old 
Boris Vera, young boys, their 
.laces covered with scarves, 
angrily attacked the vehicle of 
a suspected spy and responded 
to police harassment with 
shouts and stones. 

; Ten busloads of friends ao<J 
neighbours accompanied the 
remains of 13-year-old Nadia 
Fuentes to the metropolitan 
cemetery, where she was bur- 
ied to the sound of anti- 
Government chants and 
prayers by family and priests. 

Witnesses say she was killed 
by a soldier, when she went to 
buy bread on the first morning 
of the strike. 

President Pinochet accused 
strike organizers of trying to 
apply a "Nicaraguan model" 
in Chile. 

“So how can you talk of 
legitimate dissidence?" he 
asked reporters. ‘‘They’re not 
dissidents, they're nothing but ' 
people who challenge author- 
ity, lawbreakers who, in many 
cases, support violent: 

Seventeen members of the 
National Assembly of Civil 
Society, which called the. 
strike, are expected to appear 
in court this week. 

Serior Andres Dominguez, 
of the Chilean Human Rights 
Commission, explained that* 
the- 17 had not turned them- ’ 
selves in over the weekend 
because they “are unwilling to i 
be mistreated by the police". 
Assembly lawyers have asked 
that they receive special treat- . 
ment. because “this is a { 
political accusation so it's not - 
appropriate to apply the . 
norms relevant to common | 
crime". ■ 

The Government has al- 
lowed the mother of Rodrigo • 
Rojas, badly burned (by sol- ? 
diers. according to witnesses) ’ 
toreium to Chile for a month. • 
to be with her son. She lives in 
exile in the United States. I 
Campaigns began on Friday ! 
in support of four radio sla- - 
tions whose news broadcasts 
were banned and two maga- * 
zines, accused of inciting vio- 
lence and participation in the 
strike. Journalists held a 
peaceful march through the 
centre of Santiago that was 
interrupted by police using 
tear gas. 

Defiant Mount Athos monks vow to keep out newcomers 

Bishops mediate in religious war of generations 

From Mario Modiano 

A delegation from the Or- 
thodox ecumenical patriarch- 
ate of Constantinople goes to' 
Mount Athos this week to ease 
some of the inevitable strains 
caused by the recent revival of 
monastirism in this all-male 
theocratic republic established 
in northern Greece.!, 000 years 

monk population of the 
holy mountain, which dwin- 
dled from 10,000 in its heyday 
to only 1,145 in 1971, now 
stands at 1,600 doe to the 
influx of more than 700 new- 
comers in the last 15 years, 
many of them accomplished 
scholars and intellectuals at- 

tracted to the spiritual promise 
of asceticism. 

However, the old monks of 
Vatopedi monastery, on the 
east coast of Athos, are defy- 
ing orders from the comm- 
unity's rotating executive to 
man their house with new 
monks because their number 
has declined to fewer titan 20 
and most are aged over 60. 

Last week they barricaded 
themselves inside their for- 
tress-like monastery and 
vowed to burn it down if, as the 
executive threatened, any out- 
siders forced their way in. 

What VatopedTs belea- 
guered veterans fear is that an 
influx of younger monks would 
take control of the monastery's 

democratic assembly and do as 
they pleased. Already the new 
monks have taken over the 
more decrepit of the 20 monas- 
teries, restored them, and 
imposed the more rigorous and 
disciplined form of monastic 
life known as “cenobitic”, 
under which monks share a 
frugal and hi gh ly regimented 
communal existence. 

Their efforts to persuade 
other monasteries to adopt 1 
what they see as a return to the 
roots of orthodox monastidsm 
and worship is being resisted 
by the old monks, who are 
mainly concentrated in the six 
monasteries, including 
Vatopedi, that observe the 
"idiorrhythmic*' style. 

. . J r 

'The ecumenical patriarch- 
ate, which has maintained 
since Byzantine times spiritual 
suzerainty over Mount Athos, 

■ was asked for both sides to sent 
an “exarchate" a delegation 
of three bishops, to mediate in 
the dispute between Vatopedi 
and the executive. The monks 
of Vatopedi want to prevent a 
takeover by a majority of 
newcomers who would vote 
Vatopedi into a cenobitic mon- 
astery, since their decision 
could never be reversed. 

Those hostile to the 
Vatopedi monks make insinu- 
ations about the state of 
morality in that monastery, 
which they describe as “a nest 
of vice". The Vatopedi monks 


firmly reject these allegations 
which, they say, are designed 
to intimidate them into sub- 
mission. They, fo tuni, suggest 
that since Vatopedi, which 
ranks second in hierarchy 
among the 20 monasteries, is 
one of the largest and the 
richest their rivals are after 
not only its richcollectioos of 
Byzantine relics and treasures, 
but also its extensive bud 

The ruling Greek Socialists 
have pledged to expropriate all 
monastic land for distribution 
to farm co-operatives. But the 
Athos monks have warnedf 
Athens that, if such action is 
taken, they will dose their 
doors to the outside world. 















































Will they buy the ugly duckling? 

Britain badly needs an early 

Illustration by John Grimwade 

warning system, but the 


Government is faced with the 

dilemma of choosing Nimrod, 

which is behind schedule, or 

raising a furore by buying 

abroad. George Hill reports 

Deep in the unseen recesses of 
the Ministry of Defence, four 
civil servants will meet this 
morning to discover the con- 
tents of five sealed envelopes 
laid on the table before them 
by the Ministry's contracts 
branch director. 

Solemnly the envelopes will 
be slit open, and the tender 
board will start the job of 
evaluating and comparing the 
price bids for the job of 
building Britain's fleet of fly- 
ing sentinels. The fleet will 
keep watch against surprise 
supersonic attack until well 
into the next century. 

They should never have had 
10 meet like this. Almost 10 
years ago Britain made its 
choice of early- warning sys- 
tem. and the British-built 
Nimrod planes should have 
been in service two years ago. 
But they will not be ready 
before 1988 at the earliest, and 
the RAF will shed no tears if 
they never arrive. 

Unlovely and unloved by 
the service destined to operate 
iu Nimrod has already cost 
Britain nearly twice 1 what we 
could have bought its Ameri- 
can equivalent for in 1979. 
The overall costs — more than 
£1 billion — will be about 50 

All the planes 
in the contest 
are ugly 

abandoned incomplete. 
Boardroom jealousies, strikes 
and misunderstandings be- 
tween customer and supplier 
combined to handicap a 
project which was in any case 
venturing far into the techno- 
logical unknown. 

Today's ground-hugging 
fighter-bombers are able to 
spring surprises on defences 
by coming in under their - 
guard, giving only a few 
seconds notice of attack. The 
growing complexity of the 
threat has meant that warning 
planes must also be more 

Meanwhile “London is full 
or tourists", as one GEC 
executive said apprehensively 
last week. .Swimming against' 
the post-Libya .current, sales- 
men for four American rivals 
have arrived, sensing that 
Nimrod may be so bad that 
Britain may seriously be open 
to rival bids worth billions. 

All the planes in the contest 
are ugjy. Adapted for their role 
from other uses, they are 
disfigured with clumsy blisters 
and bulges, or carry rotating 
turntables on their backs to 
pick up electronic echoes from 
hundreds of miles away. Aero- 
dynamkrally. they are abomi- 
nable. They are almost 
windowless because their 
crews look inward to look 
oututard. gazing at round or- 
ange radar-screens and green 
ieo displays in their claus- 




per cent above target, and the 
cost of the electronics central 
to its performance will over- 
shoot by no less than 130 per 

Some of those most closely 
involved in airborne defence 

trophobic submarine-like 

Nimrod is the ugliest of all, 
with the graceful lines of a 30- 
ycar-old Comet airliner bloat- 
ed with carbuncles to protect 
the sensitive antennae which 
incessantly scan the sky. 

Cobbled together from 

are convinced that Nimrod- batch of airframes built as a 

will never meet its perfor- 
mance targets; but they fear 
that it will be foisted on the 
RAF out of political 

Last week's decisive change 
of course by the Government 
away from the frrospending 
defence policies of the last 
seven years reinforces the 
danger that it may be templed 
to go for an inadequate sys- 
tem. lo minimize future 
spending and avoid a row. 
More fundamentally, the la- 
mentable story calls into ques- 
tion Britain's ability to make 
sensible decisions ai all in the 
vastly expensive and risk- 
strewn field of advanced de- 
fence technology. 

Meanness, shortsighted- 
ness. national over-confidence 
and cross-purposes between 
allies have landed Britain with 
a plane which fell so far short 
of customer specifications on 
its trials in 1 983 that they were 

job-creation exercise by a 
long-ago Labour government 
and a detection system which 
sees too much for its owr 
good, it is a classic example oi 
British improvisation. 

So much information 
streams into its network that 
its computer cannot cope, and 
misinterprets the tracks of cars 
and even buildings as possible 
attackers. An early warning 
system which is liable to 
identify a vehicle on the Ml as 
the onset of World War Three 
may be more of a hindrance 
than a help. 

Its manufacturers claim 
that the way to solving the 
fundamental problems is now 
clear — a more powerful 
computer and new triangular 
antennae. But these will not be 
fully ready to demonstrate in 
flight until late next year, and 
the Government has lo make 
its decision this autumn. 



‘It’s an extremely 
difficult decision to 
make and it is a 
balance about 
delivery of defence 
requirements, about 
meeting a defence 
imperative, in my 
view, and insuring, if 
possible that that is 
done within Britain 
or if it is not wholly 
done in Britain, that 
the maximum 
technology is kept 
here, the maximum 
number of jobs is . 
sustained here’ 

former Defence Minister 

‘I think that the RAF 
quite rightly have 
been very sceptical 
about our ability to . 
perform. Judging by 
what they have at 
the moment, I’m not 
surprised. But at the 
same time, I know 
that the RAF will 
want to support 
British industry and 
will want to try to 
make the Nimrod 
work, if they can, 
and we’re confident 
now that we can 
make it work* 

chairman of GEC 

‘Well, I don’t 
particularly want to 
buy American, but if 
that proves to be the 
only way we can get 
a cost-effective 
solution to this 
problem, then 
maybe we shall have 

Minister for Defence 
Procurement . • 

Nimrod, with its main rival die Boeing Awacs and three other contenders: die choice of five before die ministry this morning . 

Since February, when the 
Government sought to con- 
centrate minds by opening the 
contest to an international 
free-for-all. GEC has woken 
up to the need to put up a 
fight. The despairing apathy 
which had begun to settle over 
the project has lifted, and the 
company has made a bid 
which implies readiness to 
forgo aH profits to secure the 
Nimrod contract 
This is partly a matter of 
company prestige, but also 
springs from a perception that 
there is a glittering export 
market beginning to emerge. 
More and more countries are 
beginning to look for an early 
warning capacity. With up to 
70 possible customers, a mar- 
ket of £2bil!ion may develop 

in the next 10 years. If 
Nimrod's electronics can be 
made to work, and lodged in a 
more up-to-date airframe, 
they would be well placed to 
secure much of this. 

Nimrod's rivals fall into two 
categories; Awacs and the rest. 
Awacs is die assured leader in 
the field, the sleek product of 
the American principle of 
throwing dollars and zest un- 
inhibitedly at any problem the 
USA really wants to solve. It is 
already in service and fully 
proven, and has been steadily 
refined over the years. 
Nimrod’s supporters claim 
that the British system is 
potentially more flexible and 
better at spotting slow-moving 
and sideways-moving targets 
— but potential is one thing 

and performance another. 

Awacs has one drawback, 
but it is a crucial one in 
tomorrow’s market; it is spec- 
tacularly expensive to buy and 

Cars can be 
mistaken for 

to operate. The other contend- 
ers are a motley dutch of 
small fry and hypothetical 
hybrids, either inadequate or 
years away from production. 

Lord Trefgame. the minis- 
ter responsible for defence 
procurement, will have a diffi- 
cult job to assess this contest 

between actual, unproven and 
frankly speculative planes. En- 
thusiastic bidding is going on 
to garnish overseas bids with 
offset deals to reduce foreign 
exchange costs. Unlike the 
RAFs procurement execu- 
tive. which will ‘be governed 
by operational criteria, he will 
have to make a decision that 
lakes account of employment 
and political repercussions. 

The pressures on him are 
intense. When the 
Government's decision to in- 
vite foreign bids was made, 
member after member on 
both sides of the House stood 
uj> to voice their un weakened 
faith in Nimrod. Labour and 
Conservative governments 
were both involved in the 
expensive misjudgements 

which bedevilled the project's 
history, deeply imbued with 
the superstition that throwing 
good money after bad will 
turn bad into good. 

The Westland and British 
Leyland affaire have called up 
a streak of chauvinism which 
will make k extremely diffi- 
cult to choose a foreign bid 
The defence cuts make it less 
likely that the RAF will ever 
lake control of the fleet of 
majestic Awacs planes it han- 
kers for. AH ihe short-term 
political pressures will thrust 
in Nimrod's favour, almost 
regardless of merits. The 
temptation to settle for Nim- 
rod will prove almost irresist- 
ible if it can be made even 
half-serviceable. And even, 
perhaps, if it cannot. 



t Is the stuff of detective 
stories, a derfDsttiedpe 
for the perfect crime, a 

nightmare for any police 

force. Just ask Bogota's per- 
petually strained! - police 
chiefs, currently reding oader- 
what is being bUtedbercas" 
the “burnndanga" , crime 
wave. . J “• 

Consider: ' each ufA at 
least 20 cases are rejMrted of. 
sane and law-abiding citizens; 
dutifully handing, over Jfaefr- 
wailets, credit cards aud xar 
keys to ruthless ' crimM^ 
who, it should be added^are' 
not pointing a guff at them. ■- 
Others write out cheques 7 
for their entire saTurafarthe 
criminals to cash. Wealthy,- 
elderly women toddle Info 
banks to withdraw \4hefr r 
jewellery from safe deposit 
boxes and then deUver ffek 
gems to the crooks whiting 

These are perfect, as wefl- 
as bizarre, crimes; 
victims can later no-mote* 
describe the thieves than 
recall What happaKCfiwinjL 
the preceding hOHrs or ifaq?.- 

t, » weS— 


unmdanga is ihe fcfc; 
cal slang term forifce 
scopolamine, pro- 
duced from the ftutt ofrtwd"- 
shrnb species grdwn widOIy ip : 
the Andes. T1 k crimmab' are; : 
converting the alkaloid poW r 
der into a cbfoHrLess, 
odourless and tasteless serum ■; 
that has devastating effects 
once a few . drops have been 
added surreptitiously- to * 
victim's drink. ' . . 'i- >;'* •- 
Pedro, a -Bogotit office' 
worker, is a typical riCtira. He 
was drinking in ft bar wheshe - 
stood up to go to.tfe.jpsoter . 
“That’s foe’ last thing' T' 
remember’’, he 
next thing I knew, f found ; 
myself, lying naked '_on .the' 
floor of my apartment” His 
flat had also been stripped 
bate. ■■■■__ ‘ ; Y ’ 

Besides the tirnitiire, TV/ 
refrigerator, and his ward-. . 
robe ai clothes, his car and 
money had been stolen.. He 
bid also fost36 hours of his 
life; Defectives hare no doubt 
that when he briefly left' his 
-table, scopolamine, was intro" 
duced to his beer.'. * 

lit Cantifo UribeGOnzalez, 
a leading Bogota toxicologist' 
who has - treated hundreds .of- 
victims, says: “They, add/ 
tranquillizers Eke pfaenothi- ■ 
azine, which neutralize the/ 
aggressive sfde-dfeds of sro 
polasalne and make the victim/ 
doefle. The victim; in effect, hi 
in a passive state Of scopol- * 
araihe-mdneed chemical hyp- ; . 
nosis and will obey any ndeu 
he is given." - ' 

Although the aflta-^ 
lord to a victim's drink re/; 
mams - the most common/ 
method, police report; that 
people have also been incur - 
patitated after eating scoped 
amine-coated 'sweets -and - : 
sandwiches or smolting ciga- 
rettes prof erred by strangers.^ 
But the nttimate irony is that 
legal experts can find no thing 
in Colombian law that' would 
make the administering . of 
scopolamine an offence, how- 
ever cr iminal the intention.' ~ 

; ■ ". . . — 

n.;S3r ", ; - ‘ 
■■ ;■ 

"1S 3J Y - -. 



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dC- T : ■ 

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ate . - 

pe- ' 

•Hie ban is on 1 
jane level as r 
king able toe a 
Hackboard bh 

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ai:- ‘c 7-v- ; ■■■ 

Re:: i;-.;-. ^ 

mars M-. r 

to -- - • 

Geoffrey Matthewn 

6 I’ve been imprisoned in Nigeria, beaten up in Uganda’ 

JUST OVER a year ago 
Colonel Guy Stocker's welfare 
fund, used to paying out up to 
£70,000 a year to the desper- 
ately needy, was down to its 
last £8,383. Around the Com- 
monwealth, as many as 30,000 
Third World ex-servicemen 
who had fought for Britain, 
and their dependents, and 
who rely on Stocker for bare 
subsistence, faced the prospect 
of a life begging in the gutters 
of Destitution Row. 

Stocker runs the British 

Colonel Guy Stocker’s fight to help the 

Commonwealth’s forgotten servicemen 

Commonwealth Ex-Services 
League, the little-known chari- 
ty which comes to the aid of 
Commonwealth veterans and 
their widows when all other 
safely nets have failed. When 
Stocker look the job in J 979 
after retiring from the Army 
he was told he was inheriting a 
dying organization. 

He quickly hired several 
insurance company actuaries 
to prove the reverse. Pleas for 
help are now doubling every 
year, and they are expected to 
reach a peak in 1990 which 
will not decline until 1995. 

At the league's triennial 
conference at Windsor in 
1983, delegates were told by 

Invest now 

and start 

enjoying a 



IncximeB«ids.I^yii^U , 25%pAfix)mUJuly 
Ring 0800 100 100 (free) any time. 

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the Duke of Edinburgh, their 
/ nac 

chairman, that they had no 
alternative but to sink their 
pride and beg for money. The ' 
result was a decision to launch 
an appeal throughout the 
Commonwealth to raise £5 
million, of which £1.5 million 
was to come from Britain. 

The appeal was launched in 
April of last yean last week 
Stocker, with a deal of relief, 
told The Times that he now 
had £1 million in the bank, 
and could carry on. 


1 Single fact (S) 

4 Inside info (3.4 j 

8 Aptitude (S) 

9 Overlook (7) 

10 Sterilise (8) 

11 Stray (4} 

13 Seductress (5.6) 

17 Advantages (4) • 

18 Nort- water drink (S) 

21 Italian children f7) 

22 Select group (5) 

23 Dodging (7) 

24 Story line (5) 


J Lower tension (61 

2 Guide (5) 

3 Seafaring (8) 

4 Enduring un- 
complainingly (4.9) 

5 Salary (4) 

6 In general (7) 

7 Inform (6) 

12 And so forth (2.6) 

14 Localised (7) 

15 Prohibit (6) 

Last resort: Colonel Stocker, heading a £5 million appeal for veterans and their dependents 

16 Go back (6) ' 

19 Growing old (5) ■ 

20 Small car (4) . .. 

TO RAISE the money, Stock- 
er knocked on the doors of 
City businesses, twisted the 
arms of the armed services.' 
and asked the lord lieutenant 
of every county in the king- 
dom lo organize local appeals. 
Earlier this month Prince 
Philip staged a polo match 
which brought in £20,000. 
Stocker also wrote to every 
member of the Mother of 

“I have had £25,000 from 
the House of Lords, and a 
miserable £2,300 from the 
House of Commons. The 
Prime Minister refused to give 
me anything, on the grounds 
that Denis Thatcher had spon- 
sored a runner in the London 
Marathop to the tune of £13." 

Stocker’s real problem is 
that the Second World War 
was so long ago that the 

governments which now ran 
many Commonwealth coun- 
tries have forgonen. or do not 
care to remember. Most of the 
league’s funds used to come 
from veterans’ organizations 
around the old empire. But 
funds are drying up; the Third 
World's perceptions and pri- 
orities are changing fast. 

“In many countries I am 
treated with grave suspicion; 1 
arrive to look after the welfare 
of those who fought for King 
and country, ana I am sus- 
pected of fomenting revolt. I 
have been imprisoned in Ni- 
geria. beaten up in Uganda, 
and dragged from my bed in 

Earlier this year he flew into 
Lesotho, on a ticket donated 
by British Caledonian, with 
£250 in his pocket to distrib- 
ute among the most desperate 
cases. He found the British 
High Commission packed out 
with veterans, most of them 
wearing the Eighth Army Star. 
Many had fought on the 
beaches of Anzio. They gath- 
ered under a tree and sang the 

National Anthem and “Abide 
With Me" to him. 

“I looked in the records and 
found that 50,782 men from 
Lesotho, which was then Ba- 
sutoland, had served In North 
Africa. When 1 got there I 
found more than 2,000 cases 
of genuine need, with no other 
means of support. My £250 in 
travellers’ cheques was pretty 
inadequate, but it was a start.” 

ACROSS THE border in 
South Africa, Stocker looks 
after more than 100 black 
veterans in Soweto; some 
years ago he built them all 
bungalows and gave them 
interest-free mortgages. But 
they still need his help. 

“The South African govern- 
ment gives pensions to veter- 
ans, but a black gets one-fifth 
of the pension of a white." 
Over the years, by supple- 
menting donations given by 
the South African Legion, the 
local non-go vern mental vet- 
erans' association. Stocker has 
been able to build his Soweto 
dependents aclub and a chapel. 

He reckons that in most 
Third World countries a pen- 
sion of £50 a year from his 
fund is enough to provide a 
veteran or his widow with a 
home and a sufficiency of 
food. But he does not just send ‘i 
cash: he has sent kits to 
Uganda containing basic agri- 
cultural tools, seed,' and four 
sheets of corrugated iron to 
make a shelter, and earlier this 
year he arrived for the corona- 
tion of the new king of 
Swaziland bearing 1 50 cast-off 
British Army uniforms, so- 
that veterans there could pa- 
rade in something other than a 

Some cases are recent, like 
that of a Chinese laundryman 
killed when HMS Sheffield 
went down in the Falklands; 
his widow was somehow over- 
looked by the South Atlantic 
Fund. Stocker calculates that 
there are at present 14 million 
men. widows and dependents 
in 54 countries around the 
world who could claim. 

Alan Hamilton 



mm . a* " 



Back strain, a touch of stiffhwsTa^ . 
pulled muscle orthe effect of lumbago ' 
or sciatica can all be unpleasantly - - : 

PR Spray is the really quick and 

WJp relieve that pain. 

Unlike most other pain relief sprays, 
P R Spra y {scold. It is the spray used by- 
profesaona 1 trainers attending injuries' 

PR Spray, which is odourless, rapklly 
lowers tile temperature of the skin ore? ' 
the painful area, end so freezes pain- . 
out— quickly and effectively , . 


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mixed life 


***« zr* 

SW1S In .vr^ 

A new pr esssure group fears that councils who 
jpgst on ethnically matched adoptions may be 
conde mning black children to institutionalized 
lives. Heather Kirby looks at the campaign 

ss? -^ys 

L>^ e SS?»I 

Mary 7im?ar5h is 32, married, with 
two children and happy memories 
of a childhood m the Devonshire 
countryside. Her natural parents are 
Jair>3ican-lialian but she was adopt- 
ed at the age of 18 months by a 

victims Jr, ?“ n *5 k 

what b 

ur udannL 

white English vicar and his wife 

ad TOUT of their Own children 



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<• * •c'V-.cs batetiti; 
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' V .• ;rr\,--. LrkC-Zi. 

a r.r Lniir 

".V, :rw;:tf fcafe, 

trarfle*.; ; r > ;-k- p® 

a."."?. V>...;S K«t*j!2i 

* •, - ; i'- ' : ' I ' U :d 

who bad four of their own children 
and who had adopted another four 
in the days when abandoned babies 
were amply infams in need of a 
loving family. 

Today, some local authorities 
would condemn people of Mary’s 
ethnic background to live in an 
institution because of their blanket 
ban on black children going to white 
families. It is a thought that makes 
her very angry. 

“Most children up for adoption 
are half something or other and half 
something else”, she says. “How do 
you match them ethnically?". 

This is a difficulty that is trou- 
bling a group of parents, social 
workers and adopted people like 
Mary who have formed themselves 
into a pressure group in an attempt 
to persuade those councils to change 
their policies. The group’s slogan is 
Children First It will appeal to most 
fair-minded people but whether it 
will cut any ice with those who 
stubbornly insist on sending a child 
to a home rather than opt lor “next 
best”, as the campaigning families 
call themselves, remains to be seen. 

The group is anxious to empha- 
size that its members want to see 
black children matched with black 
families. It is on the question of 
what .happens to a child when no 
ethnic match is available that they 
differ with the councils. 

“1 would prefer a million times 
over to have been adopted by a 
white family than to have been 

stockpiled in institutions waiting for 
a home. 

“ We feel terribly anxious about 
it. What are these authorities afraid 
of? My children have grown up 
perfectly well-adjusted and happy 
and. dare I say. kids are better off 
with a white family than with 
having nobody? 

4 It is important not to 
pretend that 
the child is white, the 
same as you 9 


‘The ban is on the 
same levefas not 
beang ahlelto call a 
blackboard black’ 

y- ; 



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brought up in a home", Mary says. 
She simply laughs at the idea that 
according to the bureaucrats she 
should have an identity crisis: “I 
was loved. I was happy, and I was 
treated with respect because I was 
the vicar's daughter. 

u In my opinion the ban is on the 
same level as not being able to sing 
Ba Ba Black-Sheep or not being able 
to call a blackboard black”. 

What is at stake, though, is 
important Mrs Hilary Chambers is 
married to a teacher and has three 
white children of her own and two 
adopted teenagers who are black. 
She has served on adoption panels 
and says that children are being 

"Sometimes I feel deeply 
ashamed of people who make racist 
remarks and I have to teach my kids 
that they should fee) pity for them, 
not get angry. As a family we have 
gained hugely from being of mixed 
coiour..We think much more deeply 
than we would have done about 
what is going on in race relations in 
this country. 

"I am just like a black mother. I 
know my black children are more 
likely to be picked up by the police 
than my white children. They have 
to be tough and leant how to handle 
that sort of thing." 

It is generally agreed that a black 
child in a white family usually 
settles down better if there is a black 
brother or sister. Lesley Morris, a 
35-year-old interior designer, and 
her husband, who is an accountant, 
agree with that but they and their 
adopted Asian/European Eurasian 
son are caught in the ideological 
trap of ethnic matching. “We 
wanted to adopt coloured black 
children for idealistic reasons", 
Lesley says. "There was a need for 
adopted families and we thought 
that we could give provide a good 
home for a child from a different 
ethnic background. 

“ We applied to bur local author- 
ity and everything went well until 
they changed their policy. At least 
they were reasonable towards us 
and referred us to another borough 
which had no bias against us 
because we are while. The whole 
process took ages and in the 
meantime we had two children of 
our own. We still want to adopt 
another black child but it looks now 
as though that will be impossible. 

**Our son is the odd one out on 
two counts. He is the only adopted 
child and the only mixed race 
member of the family. It isn't fair on 
him but I don’t want to sound as if 
though 1 am condemning the idea of 
seeking out adoptive families of 
mixed race because I'm not. 

**Our group feels very strongly 
that choosing the right families if 

Comrades in 
the struggle 

Happy: Hilary and David Chambers with their daughter Judith and adopted children Celia, 13, and Zach, 15 

they are not racially matched is 
vital. They have to be aware of the 
problems and be trained in how to 
deal with them. Being while parents 
of a black child involves different 
issues — like being aware that the 
child is going to suffer from racism. 

“ll is important also not to 
pretend that the child is white, the 
same as you. It must realize that it is 
black and be proud of it. 

“You- have to teach the child 
about its origins and background. 
They are part and parcel of its 
colour and ethnic group. White 
parents have to be aware of these 
things and help the child to cope 
with them. 

"It is a naive attitude to think that 
loving a child and providing a 
family is all that is needed and that 
other problems can be ignored". 

Tom White, head of social ser- 
vices at Coventry for 15 years and 
now director of the National 
Children's Homes, describes the 
eihnic-match-only philosophy as 

"the right motive gone .mad". 

It is not acceptable, he says. "I 
have 30 years’ experience and in 
most cases placing black children 
with white families works.extreinely 
well. The question is: what sort of 
effort are these authorities making 
to find ethnic minority foster 
homes? It is just not enough to 
advenise in the normal places.” 

In a perfect world there would be 
queues of mixed race families who 

‘I am being made 
' to feel that 
I am doing 
something wrong 9 

“The mothers were both Muslims 
and unmarried and they managed 
to come to this country to have their 
babies", Jane McDonald says. She 
has been married to her business 
manager husband for 1 1 years but 
they have been unable to have 
children of their own. 

“We are upset about what is going 
on. With all this colour controversy 
1 am beginning to wonder if I have 
done the right thing and whether we 
will be able to cope in the future. 
Other people adopted black chil- 
dren years ago and- happily brought 
them up thinking they were doing 

good but now I’m being madeto feel 
1 am doing something wrong”. 

would make suitable foster parents 
but in the real world couples like the 
McDonalds are sadly disillusioned. 
They have two adopted children, 
both from Egypt . 

Sacrificing children to an institu- 
tionalized life for the sake of an 
ideological creed sounds too cruel to 
be credible but the Children First 
campaigners say that this is what is 

Children First is at 662 High Road. 
London NI2 

©Time* Newspaper* Ud, 1986 


fJrr.ff'Oy MsE? 

;£fcOSStt ORD NO"--' 

*1 know what I'd do 
with noisy neighbours: 


elemenfs l l n £^ UDO n today and fad out more about the 

ro ^ d of < SlS»^ 

I Name 
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Pumping the parents 

4 Is there a "great educa- 
tion debate" going on 
in Britain? Many poli- 
ticians say there is: so 
does a substantial body 
of political punditry. Opinion 
polls, some- of which ideniily 
education as the "number one 
election issue", seem to con- 
firm it. though perhaps their 
respondents are merely pick- 
ing up the expressed views of 
the pundits. 

If there is such a debate, I 
would like to know where it is 
taking place, and bow l can 
lake part. But- even if I 
discover the where and the 
how, there remains the who — 
with whom am I debating and 
who is listening? 

The debate, such as it is. 
between the main political 
parlies is a dialogue of the deaf 
par excellence. The debate. 



Peter Barnard 

is hard to see how a school — 
so impotent in dealing with 
the realities that it is virtually 
forced to buy computers at the 
expense of textbooks — could 
respond to the perceived 
needs of its pupils and parents 
even if it wanted to. • 

My elder daughter has just 
finished herO Levels. For her. 
the Great Debate might as 
well be taking place on anoth- 
er planet. For her. “education 
policy" is not about broad 
issued learned articles or parly 
political rhetoric: it is about 
whether the tyres on her 


such as ii is. between myself 
and my children's school is a 
dialogue of the .distanced, 
notwithstanding my wife's 
place on the PTA and my own 
friendly relations with at least 
one of the teachers. The 
teachers' dispute merely exac- 
erbated the situation: the 
phrase PTA. it seems to me. 
has become a grandiose way of 
■describing a fund-raising 
body: School Aid. 

Even if it were otherwise, it 

bicycle need pumping up be- 
fore she makes the trip to her 
friend's house to collect the 
textbooks they have to share. 

This state of affairs was 
upon me before I could do 
much about iL Next year, 
when my younger daughter 
treads the same academic 
path, she will not need a 
bicycle as part of her equip- 
ment I intend to go out and 
buy all the textbooks. 

No doubt this will suit the 

Government No doubt it will 
not in the slightest affect the 
Department of Education's 1 
propensity for telling me how 
its spending has grown in "real 
terms”. No doubt the imagery 
of children on bicycles is a 
little "childish" for partici- 
pants in the Great Delate. 

But I know my elder daugh- 
ter. who will be able to vote in 
the next general election, will 
not quickly forget that a lot of 
pedalling and pumping will 
have gone into whatever suc- 
cess she has in her O Levels. 

I won't forget, either. Nor 
will it pass me by that, on 
behalf of my younger daugh- 
ter. my spending on education 
is about to increase “in real 

I do not begrudge her that. 
But in this post-industrial 
society where the race, even 
more than before, will be to 
the fittest 1 do wonder what 
the millions who cannot af- 
ford textbooks think of a tax- 
backed state education system 
which, for concerned parents, 
amounts to keeping a dog and 
barking yourself. 

The Government is in peril 
if it ignores those who ham- 
mer on the doors of the 
debating chamber, for uiey 
may vent their feelings in a 
smaller chamber, the one be- 
hind a curtain at a polling 
station. . 

They will not be voting (at 
least. 1 won't) in favour of 
some radically different ap- 
proach - I have read enough 
of my wife’s neo-Marxist 
Open University textbooks to 
see where that could lead — 
but to register a protest against 
-the approach to educational 
policy by both major parlies 
over the past 20 years. 

As for this cry from the back 
of the class, there is only one 
reason why the Government 
presently in office 
should be concerned 
about any of my views: 
it is that they are those 
of a conserv ative. 


, . ■* 


I have learnt a handy new 
verb during the weekend: “To 
woman", as in “If yon need 
further information we shall 
be womanning a desk ontside 
the Bistro on the 3rd floor", 
which is what it said, on a 
poster for Woman Alive, a 
summer event for women 
sponsored by the magazine 
Marxism Today* where 1 
spent a jolfv Saturday with 
some 2.000 others. 

Although Women Alive 
was put together by a group of 
Communist Part) 1 women, the 
sessions were addressed by 
Teresa Gorman, a Conserva- 
tive councillor. Emma Nichol- 
son, the Conservative Party 
vice-chairman. Sue Slipman, 
from the SDP. and journalists 
from Cosmopolitan and Good 

In the Women Alive bro- 
chure, an advertisement for 
16-day study tonrs of Nicara- 
gua settled in a heartwarming 
way beside one for the Doro- 
thy Genn Women's Financial 
Service. At the sessions mid- 
dle-aged women in Jaeger 
and hairdos mixed with youn- 
ger women with Eton crops 
and drawstring trousers. 

Not everybody approved of 
the event. On the steps of the 
South Bank Polytechnic 
where it was held, grim-faced 
women were handing out 
leaflets. These protesters 
were not from organizations 
such as The Campaign for the 
Feminine Woman, who might 
have been expected to banlk 
at some of the debates going 
on inside about a feminist 
approach to science and 
whether there could be "a 
feminist justification of vio- 
lent. aggressive, warring 

No. the women on the steps 
were from the London Radi- 
cal Feminist Study Group and 
their complaint was that the 
summer event was much too 
cissy. “Nowhere over the 
course of the weekend will 
yon hear any mention of male 
power over women per se 
(thundered tbe study group's 
leaflet) — the central fact that 
men as men oppress, subordi- 
nate, harass, humiliate, rape 
and kill women and girls all 
tbe time, on all levels: that 
this behaviour is almost uni- 
versally socially sanctioned 
as the “natural’ power relation 
‘between* men and women." 

W'elL everything in its time 
and place is what 1 1 say to 
that. It would have been 
churlish in the extreme if the 
Women Alive event had dwelt 
upon men as baddies since the 
creches provided were hardly 
wo manned at all; they were 
almost universally manned. 

lYhile women were being 
shown how -to make banners 
and given advice on housing, 
social security and careers, 
the men in their lives were 
hovering around the minia- 
ture trampoline to catch an 
over-bouncy two-year-old. 

All this gentle manning 
was reassuring in view of 
’what was being Imparted at 
the various sessions which, 
although they had titles such 
as Making Waves. Locking 
Us Away and Straggles of 





Our Own, might have been 
lumped together under the 
beading Tbe Same Old Story, 
so depressing]}; familiar were 
their themes. 

The one 1 attended in the 
morning was about women in 
socialist countries and by the 
end of it I felt that, if you were 
a Woman, it didn't much 
matter whether you lived in 
Gloucestershire or the Gulag; 
your life was going to be full 
of the same frustrations and 
yon were going to spend it 
getting very, very tired. 

We were told that in the 
Soviet Union men working in 
industry 1 spend, on average. 
21.4 per cent of their day off 
on domestic matters, while 
women in the same field 
spend 26.2 per cent; and that 
in the German Democratic 
Republic, women are widely 
represented on the lower 
rungs of every profession, but 
yon woBid hare to get np very 
early in the morning to find 
them right at tbe top. 

Passing acts for the protec- 
tion of mother and child, 
which is what the GDR did in 
1950, seems to make no 
difference. Yon can give it a - 
shot of whatever you’ve got — 
positive discrimination, gen- 
erous maternity leave, equal 
pay — bat there seems to be 
some kind of worldwide natu- 
ral law which states that if a 
child is ill it's tbe mother who 
takes time off work to look 
after it, and to hell with her 

I suppose the good thing 
about women having a lousy 
time all over the globe is that, 
aside from the London Radi- 
cal Feminist Study Group, 
women from all political per- 
suasions fed that they have 
most things in common.1 
came away longing to meet 
someone who asked me what 1 
did for a living so that 1 could 
practise saying: “I woman, a 
weekly newspaper column." 

I do not see a bright future for 
the "ultra-personal" newspa- 
per in which a computer, 
equipped with a profile of the 
user's interests, scans wire 
services and other news re- 
sources and presents only 
what the user wants to read. 
Or rather, what the user says 
he wants to read, which is 
something else entirely. Who 
is going to admit to lilting the 
cartoons and the cricket re- 
suits? Just about nobody. 









For details of your nearest 
Laura Ashley branch please contact 
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... ic.—. — f_- 


to college 

Kopping it 


Gamma minus for the new Oxford 
Mini Dictionary of Spelling, on 
which f had been hoping to 
depend for my own accuracy. The 
volume contains this erratum slip: 
“For illitterate. read illiterate”. In 
newspapers we refer to such errors 
as literals. 

• A bilingual dauber has added a 
note to an Air France poster 
showing a dreamy view of Nice. It 
reads: “Come see, come sigh.” ' 

Ruling the wires 


‘For that you'll want something 
sturdy that will last' 


I went down to the Royal Berk- 
shire County Polo Club the other 
day to sample an occasion billed, 
with horsey hyberbole, as “the 
greatest sporting event in English 
polo history.” It was in fact no 
more than a clash between two 
admittedly distinguished teams, 
the Boehm, and the Van Qeef and 
Arpels. While there 1 bumped into 
a number of polo-mad Argentines, 
understandably high on the attain- 
ments of another sporting en- 
semble. Maradona United. What 
tickled me most about the do was 
that the club is now styling itself 
the “Annabel's" of English polo, a 
reference to the Sloaney London 
nightclub so relentlessly attended 
by these equine gamespeople. 
Various Argies present found this 
appellation uncomfortably close 
to “Animales”. the tag which 
followed our unloved soccer fens 
to Latin America for the World 
Cup. 1 can see their poinL 

Life and soul 

On the quiet, some of our modem 
"clergy are leading lives which 
make my own seem ascetic by 
comparison. This much I deduce 
from a notice at St Bride's Church 
in Reel Street. It reads: “On 
November 13 we shall sing Grace 
as usual at the Savoy for the 
British Woodpulp dinner . . . 
There will be no cabaret this 
year.” I tracked down the author 
of the notice. Canon John Oates, a 
personable priest with a remark- 
able facial resemblance to Derek 
Nimmo. He confessed all to me: 
namely, that he is chaplain not 
only to the British Wood Pulp 
Association but also to the In- 
stitute of Public Relations, the 
Newspaper Press Fund, the In- 
stitute of Agricultural Journalists, 
the Press Club and many other 
organizations. I am thinking of 
signing on at Lambeth Palace. 



Much ado about something in 
Shakespeare country, where the 
school that taught the Bard will 
become a sixth-form college if the 
Labour and Alliance coalition 
running Warwickshire County 
Council has its way. The plans for 
comprehensive education ‘ have 
produced a chorus of disapproval 
from governors of the King Ed- 
ward VI voluntary aided grammar 
school in Stratford-upon-Avon, 
who insist that the seat of learning 
should remain as they like iL “It is 
a very special school and part of 
the national heritage”, says Dr 
Levi Fox. chairman of the school’s 
governors and director of the 
Shakespeare' Birthplace 
TrusL”This plan would mean the 
end of the school as we know it”. 
Although no records survive to 
prove Shakespeare's attendance at 
King Edward's, scholars have long 
accepted it as his aima mater. The 
600-ycar-old foundation is no 
stranger to battles with the local 
authority; in 1979 it saw off a 
similar comprehensive plan. I 
gather that if lobbying fails this 
time, the governors* last throw 
could be to go independent. 

While the investment world 
booms, its gurus overwhelmingly 
preoccupied by the bare statistics 
of profit an increasing number of 
people are troubled. Nowhere is. 
there more anguish about segrega- 
tion of economic from moral 
concerns, and of market means 
from social ends, than within the 
Church. And nothing illustrates its 
dilemma more sharply than the 
question or the Church's invest- 
ment policy towards South Africa. 

In the world's go-go money 
centres, life race is thought to be 
won by those who travel lightest 
Ethical baggage is looked upon as 
an encumbrance, giving rise to 
delay and indecision and hence 
loss of profit and customers. 
Corruption, commercial rufoless- 
ness. blind corporatism and sheer 
greed fan archaic word if ever 
there was one) are manifestly on 
the increase. The prevailing ethos 
may be typified by the remark 
“It’s up to the shareholders what 
they do with their profit; our job is 
simply to maximize iL” But is it? 
That is the underlying question 
the Church of England Synod will 
be debating today when it dis- 
cusses the Church Commiss- 
ioners' South African investment 

Many clergy are perplexed and 
dismayed by the lack of overlap 
between the injunctions of the 
New Testament on the one hand 
and those of the market place on 
the other. They see and read 
enough to appreciate that agrow- 
ing minority in the markets do not 
even render unto Caesar the things 
that are Caesar’s. And if they 
consider the lilies of the field at all. 
it is to wonder what they would 
fetch in a garden centre. 

Many churchmen no doubt 
wonder how a Western economy 
mechanistic in its acquisitive zeal 

Andrew Phillips considers the ethics of 
Church investment in South Africa 

w an ts and circumstances” of the 
parishes from which their rental 
income derives. 

Led astray 
by the Book 
of Profits 

and so obsessed by market win- 
ners can avoid being more than an 
engine .of crude materialism. 

Some taking pan in the Synod 
will reflea on times past when, for 
example, .canon law forbade all 
interest as usurous and parasitical. 
Today, if the Cfiurch Commis- 
sioners are right, the opposite 
prevails. They are obliged to make 
financial return the major feaor in 
their investment derisions. In 
their annual report published last 
week they explain that they cannot 
interfere with this priority because 
of their “statutory responsibilities 
to (our) beneficiaries” as “under- 
lined by a recent legal ruling on the 
responsibilities of those who man- 
age charitable funds.” 

That ruling was the 1 984 verdict 
in Cowan v ScargilL when the 
judge. Sir Robert Megarry, ruled 
that Arthur Scargill had wrongly 
tried to shackle the freedom of 
investment of the trustees of the 
mineworkers* pension scheme. 
The judge came to the unsurpris- 
ing conclusion that ifl entrust my 
money to trustees to bold for my 
pension benefit, they cannot give 
rein to their personal moral views 

in determining their investment 
policy so as to lose me money. 

, But one does not need to be a ju- 
rist to see that trustees of funds 
provided for public charitable 
purposes are in a very different 
position. Anything and everything 
they do must advance those 
purposes. Nothing they decide can 
conflict with the same. So, for 
example, even if the shares of 
tobacco companies showed the 
best return, the trustees of a 
charity devoted to the eradication 
of smoking-induced cancer would 
be acting improperly and in 

the principal external oil supplier 
to South Africa, takes a lot of 

Several church groups have 
stopped trying, the latest being the 
United Society for the Propaga- 
tion of the -Gospel, which has just 
implemented die divestment pol- 
icy adopted by the British Council 
of Churches at its last assembly. 

of their trust by investing 

in tobacco shares, regardless of 
profit forgone. 

As for the statutory constraints 
on the Church Commissioners, 
section 67 of the Ecclesiastical 
Commissioners’ Art 1840 directs 
that the funds held within its 
ambit be devoted to "the cure of 
souls in parishes where such 
assistance is most required” 
There is no talk there of the 
sanctity of price/earnings ratios. 
Indeed, the section specifically 
requires the Commissioners to 
rive “due consideration to the 

fn the US, the movement far 
ethical investment is fest gainin g 
ground and last year nearly 1,000 
shareholder resolutions were put 
at company general meetings 
concerning non-finanrial matters. 
In this country there is one such 
professional group — E thi ca l In- 
vestment Research and Informa- 
tion Service (E1RIS) — which is 
being increasingly resorted to. 
Friends’ Provident are using it for 
their own bold initiative in 
commercially ethical investment, 
the Stewardship Unit Trust. 

The Church of England is 
already squaring up to some hard 
problems. None will be harder 
rhan to review its approach to its 
own wealth. But nothing could in 
the long run be more important to 
its ministry. 

Sport is often the casualty of 
politics, but on Saturday the boot 
was op the other foot when Derek 
Hatton, beleaguered deputy leader 
of Liverpool City Council, broke 
his ankle while playing fbotbalL 
He had just scored a goal which he 
describes, without apparent irony 
as “cracking" for a team of 
councillors in a match ai.the city's 
Penny Lane. The tackle two 
minutes later which fractured the 
ankle in two places could keep the 
Militant striker away from a series 
of non-sporting fixtures — starting 
with a political rally in Liverpool 
and the High Court appeal against 
an action to expel him from office. 
Crunch encounters all. 

Christopher Duggan explains the Mafia’s stranglehold on Sicily 

The grassroots Godfathers 

Until recently, because of Italy’s 
hopelessly overloaded telecom 
system. 1 used to get nothing but 
the engaged signal when phoning 
the British embassy in Rome. No 
longer. Frustrated callers are now 
mollified by the strains of “land 
of Hope and Glory.” 

The trial in Palermo of 474 alleged 
members of* the Mafia — or Cosa 
Nostra as it is now properly 
called — has been described as a 
turning point in Sicilian history. If 
the Mafia was simply a criminal 
organization that might be true. 
But it presents a much more 
complex problem, a - fusion of 
myth and reality, of political 
calculation and social and eco- 
nomic issues. The history of the 
Mafia — or rather the idea behind 
it — suggests that its suppression 
is near impossible. 

Although the origin of the words 
"Mafia" and "Mafioso” are open 
to debate, in Palermo dialect they 
originally denoted qualities of 
beauty, self-confidence, and 
strength. Criminal connotations 
developed only after the unifica- 
tion of Italy in 1860, when there 
was great opposition in Sicily to 
the northerners who came to 
administer the new regime. Dras- 
tic measures were needed, said 
one prefect of Palermo, but politi- 
cal trials would be embarrassing. 

. How would it look to the outside 
world if this new liberal state was 
seen to be crushing the voice of 
protest? Better to accuse the 
trouble-makers of involvement in 
a criminal conspiracy. 

Often the state tried to deal with 
social and political protest — the 
Palermo rising of 1866, the Sicil- 
ian socialism of the 1 870s and the 
peasant land occupations after the 
Great War — by making out that it 
was criminally inspired. The hid- 
den hand of the Mafia was a 
convenient and simple explana- 
tion for turmoil but it did not 
make for satisfactory solutions. 

In part the government was . 
simply trying to hide the fect'that 
many Sicilians found Italian rule 
oppressive, indeed illegitimate. 
When they refused to co-operate 
with the police the official 
explanation was that they were 
being terrorised into silence, and 
the authorities responded by send- 
ing in even more police. 

When people were in trouble — 
a theft, a dispute over land — 
they turned not to the law but to 
the local Mafioso. He had author- 
ity, and often enjoyed almost 
patriarchal status in a community. 
His power certainly rested on the 
ultimate resort to violence: but he 
was felt to represent ordinary 
people in a way that public 
officials did noL The state was the 
enemy within. Those who collabo- 
rated with it too closely could 
expect punishment, sometimes 

In general, the police knew that 
no great criminal organization 
existed, but they needed results. * 
During Mussolini's great drive 

against the Mafia in the 1920s, 
many of those arrested and 
charged with criminal association 
were simply men of authority and 
courage. Accusations of Mafia 
involvement have long been used 
by politicians to oust incumbent 
administrations.. In the early 
1920s. when the fascists were 
battling for power, many socialist 
and liberal town councils were 
dissolved on these grounds. 

Police operations in Sicily often 
ended by reinforcing the dis- 
respect for the state that they 
sought to overcome, and for many 
people the Mafioso remained 
more reliable than “the law". 
There was also the fact that 
Mafiosi were rich ‘and could 
provide jobs, loans, and even 
social benefits: the state, it was 
fell, only sent in the police. During 
a recent demonstration in Pa- 
lermo, sacked workers called for 
the Mafia. A job financed by 

heroin was, in their view, better 
than no job at ail 

Because Sicily has long been 
poor, status is keenly felt and the 
struggle not only to survive but to 
succeed is intense. This is one 
reason for the Mafia’s popular 

The revelations of Tommaso 
Buscetta - the basis of the state 
case against the 474 — are cer- 
tainly remarkable for their detail: 
but this is not the first time that 
the “conspiracy of silence” has 
been broken. Confessing to foe 
police as a means of destroying 

one's opponents has long been a 
feature of Sicilian society, as is the 
case with Buscetta. His main 
concern, it seems, is to get his 
enemies convicted. He has not 
repented of his Mafia ways. 

There are undoubtedly gaps in 
his evidence but most of what he 
says rings true. One of foe more 
remarkable aspects of his tes- 

Strange things are happening in 
the Democratic Republic of 
Afghanistan. Since taking over 
from Babrak Karma! as party 
general secretary on May 4, Gen- 
eral Najib has launched a public 
relations offensive more in keep- 
ing with an American election 
campaign. Afghans can have seen 
nothing like it before. 

In the first two months of his 
reign. Najib has taken bouquets of 
flowers to injured soldiers and 
paid countless visits to schools, 
newspaper offices and barracks. 
He has addressed gatherings of 
nomads in the eastern provinces, 
elders from the Hindu and Sikh 
communities and groups of no 
doubt startled mullahs in various 
parts of foe country. The new 
broom is out with a vengeance. 

Nor can Najib be said to be high 
on rtietoric and low on action, a 
criticism frequently levelled at 
Karmal from Moscow before his 
downfall. A general amnesty for 
repentant draft dodgers and array 
- deserters was announced three 
weeks ago as part of Najib’s wider 
scheme to bolster membership of 
the armed forces, his greatest 
priority. Force is being allied to 
persuasion with reports of 15- 
year-oids being caught in the 
conscription net. Military press- 
gangs wander the streets compel- 
ling reluctant Afghans to take foe 
Najib shilling. 

Najib is unambiguously out to 

Where new broom 

Najib can only fail 

seduce foe sceptics. The govern- 
ment is to pay half foe fare of those 
making the pilgimage to Mecca. If 
a recent statute is faithfully im- 
plemented. all government offices 
and army barracks will be re- 
quired to erect mosques for foe 
convenience of employees and 
soldiers. The fever of reform will 
be extended to Uzbeks and 
Turkoraens. tribal groups tra- 
ditionally envious of the Pushtun 
majority, who will be invited to 
attend special schools designed to 
eliminate illiteracy. 

This flurry of activity is impres- 
sive by anyone's standards, but 
what does it all mean? Najib is 
clearly attempting to undo the 
damage inflicted-initially in 1978- 
79 when over-zealous party of- 
ficials flitted by helicopter around 
foe country preaching Marxist 
rhetoric and insisting on radical 
land reforms. 

Many Afghans have not for- 
given. and are unlikely to forgeL 
foe replacement of foe Afghan flag 
by another bearing a hammer and 
sickle in foe early weeks of the 
revolution. That, and other exam- 
ples of ideological insensitivity, 
unleashed the latest in a series of 

jihads — holy wars against the 
infidel — an activity in which the 
Afghans have a formidable record. 

It is the momentum of this fury 
that Najib is trying to counter with 
his reforms. But will he persuade 
large numbers of the mujahidin to 
beat their swords into plough- 
shares? For all his dynamism and 
fervour, two factors weigh heavily 
against him. The Afghan com- 
munist party’s inability to create a 
broad basis of support has its 
origins in the 1978 revolution 
itself. It was never a genuine 
national liberation movement, 
courting foe masses to throw off 
foreign intervention or colonial 
domination. Revolutionary 
groups in Cuba. Nicaragua, -South 
Yemen and, to a certain extent, 
Angola were able to make pas- 
sionate appeals along these fines, 
enabling them to drum up foe 
support neccessary for some sort 
of post-revolutionary legitimacy 
and stability. 

This was never the case in 
Afghanistan and is a spectre that 
haunts Najib in his present di- 
lemma- Pany membership at the 
lime of foe revolution was around 
2S.000 in a population of 15 

million, mainly in certain sections 
of the armed forces and in foe 
country's four or five major cities. 
There was never a rural base to 
speak of. 

As a result foe legitimacy of 
Najib's power — like that of his 
predecessors - is open to question. 
The party's policies, no matter 
how seductive or progressive, will 
inextricably be tainted with foe 
manoeuvrings of its northern 
neighbour and benefactor. A talk 
recently broadcast on Karachi 
radio put the point precisely: 

“The Afghans pay little heed to 
those who are out to play the role 
of puppets. Puppets all over the 
world suffer from a great handi-t 
cap: they do not move on their 
own. It is foe hidden hand of the 
puppeteer that moves them and if 
the audience, that is foe people, 
are not pleased with foe pup- 
peteer, they would not applaud the 
antics of foe puppet" 

Najib has begun in a manner 
which suggests he may be less of a 
puppet than Karmal. He certainly 
means business. Guerrilla leaders 
and other sceptics, however, are 
unlikely, to be coaxed into sub- 
mission by the piecemeal reforms 
of this new man of action. They, 
like the West, are still awaiting the 
grand gesture that could herald a 
new start for Afghanistan — foe 
withdrawal of Soviet troops. 

Mark Dowd 

Anne Sofer 

All this is not to imply that the 
Church Commissioners are any- 
thing but good, caring people 
trying to do their best. They have, 
after all, applied some limited 
ethical yardsticks vis-d-vis their 
South African involvement. But 
the established church should be 
giving a clear ethical lead. One is 
sorely needed, and not only by 
Christians. Instead, some think it 
has got into a moral and legal 
muddle. To find, for example that 
foe Commissioners' second big- 
gest UK shareholding is in Shell, 

Engineering a 
con trick 

timony is his description of Mafia 
structure and rituals. There are 
“commissions" regulating foe af- 
fairs of each province, a "super 
commission” or “cupola” to deal 
with important collective issues, 
sectional commanders, and rank 
and file “soldiers". There is also 
an initiation ceremony. The nov- 
ice smears blood on to a paper 
saint bums it between his fingers, 
and swears to observe the rules of 
the society. “Men of honour” are 
subsequently introduced to one 
another with foe words “This man 
is foe same thing” 

Such a large and well-defined 
structure has never been described 
before: and there is every reason to 
believe that it is an essentially 
* urban and post-war phenomenon. 
The initiation ceremony, by con- 
trast has a long history, at least in 
popular literature. But it was 
generally ascribed by 1 9th century 
writers to the Neapolitan Camorra 
rather than foe Mafia. 

Buscetta’s picture is not entirely 
consistent It is not certain, for 
example, what foe Mafia actually 
exists for. “Business activities", he 
says, are not run collectively - in 
true Sicilian fashion it is each man 
for himself when it 'comes to 
making money. How far it con- 
trols heroin trafficking is therefore 
open to question. What does 
emerge dearly is the pride and 
self-satisfaction of “men of 
honour”. They see themselves as 
benefactors, providing work, or- 
der. and justice in Sicily.Buscetta 
has posed throughout as a man of 
high ideals who became disgusted 
with foe standards of foe Mafia in 
. recent years, which is one reason 
why he is “singing”. 

Leonardo Vitale, who “sang” 
back in 1973, said he became 
involved with foe Mafia because it 
was an organization that kept 
order and protected the weak. He 
put il in the same bracket as foe 
freemasons, the Beati Paoli (an 
1 8 th century secret society 
immortalized in a popular ro- 
mantic novel at foe beginning of 
the oentury), and even Mazzini’s 
patriotic movement, “Young 

All this merely adds a veneer to 
foe unpalatable. The truth is that 
“men of honour” mate enormous 
sums at the expense of others. But 
they believe the myths about 
themselves, and so do many 
others. In the slums of Palermo or 
Catania, where Cosa Nostra flour- 
ishes, such fen tastes are a source of 
hope. The prospect of wealth and 
power is tantalising; and there are 
many who can justify foe recourse 
to crime by claiming that foe true 
Mafia is foe state. 

© IkM NoMpapare, ISM. 

“Working Together" . foe Alliance 
slogan at the last election. |S_ so 
good that foe other political 
parties have been borrowing it- 
Last week foe government pub- 
lished a while paper entitled 
“Working Together — Education 
and Training”. It got headlines 
which must have pleased Kenneth 
Baker and Lord Young. “£?00 
million pledged to technical 
education” was the theme. “Voca- 
tional experiment to be extended 
to all schools”. Clearly presenta- 
tion is improving: no more cuts; 
here was a generous dollop or 
money for education. 

Closer scrutiny reveals foe 
sleight of hand. The £900 million 
is to be allocated over ten years. 
The additional finance amounts to 
£150 per pupil, compared with 
£600 per pupil invested in foe 
Technical and Vocational Educa- 
tion Initiative (TVEI) so fer. 

In any case it is not new money. 
“These amounts." says foe docu- 
ment. “will be found from within 
the MSCs planned provision for 
young people” — in other words 
from foe sum already committed 
to the Youth Training Scheme. A 
cynic might conclude that foe 
government keeps education and 
training in two separate depart- 
ments so that it can give foe 
impression of generosity by shift- 
ing sums from one to the other. 

If the Tories really want tech- 
nical and vocational education to 
succeed they need three things: 
status for foe subjects, qualified 
teachers and property equipped 
schools and colleges. 

The argument about whether 
spending on education has risen or 
fallen during foe last seven years 
continues to rage; but there can be 
no argument over capital spend- 
ing. Since 1979 there has been a 
cash reduction of 13 per cent — a 
real cut of 60 per cent — in 
education capital programmes. 

Most secondary schools were 
built on the assumption that few 
children would do very much in 
science and technology beyond the 
age of 14 — indeed, if they were 
girls, none , at all. “The 
government's policy.” says foe 
white paper grandly, “is that up to 
age 16 all pupils should be 
acquiring a broad competence in 
communications, numeracy, sci- 
ence and technology, design, for- 
eign languages, and other subjects 
necessary in a successful modem 
society." If this statement is more 
than pious sentiment large sums 
must be spent on foe necessary 
laboratories, workshops and com- 
puter suites. 

Even more crucial than foe 
hardware are foe teachers. The 
shortage of qualified teachers for 
maths, science, technology and 
design is now. a matter of daily 
comment and the Situation is ‘ 
getting worse. Recruitment to 
post-graduate training courses in 
these subjects is down by anything 
up to 25 per. (tent and teachers are 
' leaving the profession faster than 
they can be replaced. The Depart- 

A.N. Author 



So there I was foe other weekend 
at V.S. Author's country retreat; 
me and the great man and a 
handful of other writers so famous 
that I would only wound you with 
envy if I listed them. 

In the past certain of my readers 
have taken V.S. to be some fictive 
incarnation of his iniliaisakes — 
either Pritchett or Naipaul. But 
that is wrong: he exists in his own 
right and foe two letters stand for 
Very Successful, just as mine 
stand for, well. an. 

V.S. is a charming, well-lived-in 
sort of chap, hitting 50 and 
accelerating. His paunch — rem- 
inding me of a man with a bass 
drum in a marching band — has 
cost him a fortune in Bollinger 
over foe decades, all financed tty 
the immense success of his first 
novel. True Brit, with which, as 
they say in foe trade, he cracked 

So there he was on his veran- 
dah. deep in the severely taxed 
canvas of his deck-chair while his 
tiny French wife went round with 
foe champagne. The English 
countryside beyond was really 
doing its stuff for us; lettuce-green 
hillocks beneath a pelmet of azure, 
foe waft of new-mown aromas, foe 
quiet fecundity of the kitchen 
garden, troutlets stippling the rills, 
■ferm lads being exploited in some 
milking parlour in foe middle 
distance, and jet fighters drifting 
like benign spores above. 

.At this point, enter, via foe 
french windows. B.R.O. Adcaster,' 
freshly suffixed with three new 
initials from foe Queen’s Birthday 
Honours. While most of us have 
aa assembly of vocal cords in our 
throats. Adcaster was issued at 
birth with a megaphone instead. 
This he three levels of 
volume: foe aside, which booms; 
foe articulation, which roars: and 
foe projection, which can seri- 
ously damage your health. 

It has been said of him that a ca- 
reer in broadcasting was a sort of 
tautology, since he had no need of 
amplification. Anyway, in he blew 
like a loudspeaker van on election 
day. his greeting, “Vee-Ess!” mak- . 
ing foe rooks deploy in terror from 
a distant copse. 

Adcaster is so used to silencing 
his interviewees, through addic- 
tion to the sound of his own voice 
that he simply cannot expunge 
that mode in the interests of social 
nicety. He champed up and down 
on the old boards of foe verandah, 
a dray-horse in dressage.' before • 
delivering his dearly rehearsed 

dedbellage to foe little company: 
“Trooo Briitt! Tee-Vee adaptation 
a disamrster.!” a Phantom dash- 
landing on a Sunday school could 
not have induced more alarm. 

A kind of silence — the siience ; 
of multiple death - ensued, but 
not for long, for down crashed. 
Adcaster’s next salvo: “Should- ne- 
ewerr have aliooowwwed . iti" 
And then he switched dawn a gear 
to boom: “Your books • are 'all 
fantasy, Vec-Ess. Do not therefore 
set them at foe mercy ofa factual 
medium.” v ... . 

■You see, Adcaster and Author 
had been at Cambridge together, 
foe one a Greats man, the other a 
lapsing Leavisite, and the. rivalry, 
at least on Adcaster's part, -has 
never abated. Theirs are. two 
wholly irreconcilable vision^ of 
foe world. What clearly irked the 
impossibly vain Adcaster on. foe 
verandah that day was the feet 
that Author, having bested him in 
terms of international acclaih. was 
now threatening to outplay him 
(Adcaster) on his own pitch.— foe 
tele; a pitch which in his eyes is the 
proper repository for foe clatter of 
politics and the public world in 
motion. It was too much to bear. ■ 

I will not soon forget what 
happened next To put it at its 
briefest. V.S., very quietly, very 
suddenly, and of course very 
politely, went nuclear on his 
assaillanc “And how is-,vour novel 
coming along these days, Bro? 
You know, foe one you started 
when we were at Trinity. Hmm7" 

It was the tone of solicitousness 
on foe tip of foe'ep£e which made 
this such a devastating forusL But 
VS. had not finished: “AH about 
an undergraduate losing . his 
virginity as I recall. Sounded quite 

! P-’ r ‘ r ‘ V 

ment of Education and Science is 
issuing a paper on this issue this 
week and it is widely expected that 
differential payments will be put 
firmly on foe agenda. . 

Whether this succeeds or noL it 
is essentially a shorMenn. mea- 
sure. The real problem is that 
there' -are far loo few - people 
qualified in these, subjects, in 
society as a whole. While- we 
continue with our absurdly over- 
specialized A level examinations, 
this is likely to remain the case. 
What other advanced industrial 
nation allows more than halfbf its 
most academically' able pupils to 
abandon the study of- maths and 
science two years or more before 
they finish their secondary educa- 
tion? In West Germany. Trance, 
foe US and Japan fr would be 
unthinkable: indeed, in foe US 
and Japan the majority continue 
with these studies through the 
early years of university. : . ■ 

But foe urgently heeded reform 
of A levels has not happened. 
Instead the miserably weak alter- 
native of A/S levels rr optional 
extras which admission tutors at 
university may or may not take 
notice of — are being introduced. 
Meanwhile not only are young 
people showing some indication 
of swinging back 'to .the- 'afts. 
‘subjects again, but the proportion 
staying at school to do any AJevds 
at all is actually felling as welL the 
DES is to do some research to 
establish why some youngsters 
who would previously have stayed 
in full-time education are opting 
instead for YTS, With the £284- 
week YTS bribe to leave school it 
is not really. such.a puzzle. ; 

And finally, status. It is fashion- 
able to bev^il foe. ifect foe our' 
engineers and technicians do- not 
have the social standing that they 
have in Germany, that our.-ablest 
youngsters are shying away from 
technology. We wring our hands 
. over the survival of an outdated 
aristocratic world view which sees 
foe minority .as thinkers- mid 
rulers, aitd the majority as hewers 
of wood and drawers of water. Yet 
the white paper merely confirms 
this division and reinforces it 

There are still to be an die one 
hand foe high flyers, destinedTor 
higher education, working, for 
qualifications set and marked by 
the university examination boards 
and under the general supervision 
of foe Education Secretary; and on 
the other the practical people, 
working for vocational qualifica- 
tions, now to be integrated by a 
new quango working to foe 
Employment Secretary.- How this 
separation will improve foe status 
of technical education is. unclear. 

The conclusion of .foe white 
paper is upbeati “If all those 
concerned in education and train- 
ing' worked together; : ; wcr .-shall 
begin to earn foe dividends Which 
investment in learning will bring." 
But, read slowly,: that sentence 
begs a lot of questions. " 

The author is a member of the SDP 
national committee. 

promising. If you'd like any of us 
here to read it for votL I’m 
sure . . .” 

for you. I’m 

And for foe first time in -his 
loquacious life Adcaster knew how 
it felt to be afflicted with a 
stammer. His face, had gone the 
colour of Steak Tartars and I 
swear that for the rest of foe 
weekend he was virtually silenL It 
was one of life's rare and beautifiil. 
moments of symmetry/ when feet 
and firtion gallop along together 
towards a dead heat 
1 caught a glimpse of him in the 
mist' of foe following morning, 
moping alone among foe marrow 
beds, and, do you know. I actually 
felt a_pang of pity, for him.. But 
then \ saw him again lost- night 
being horrid on Adcaster's, Hour. 
and the feeling had not lasted - 


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.^today's ie6lsal ^ ^ 

^ nei J 1 Sjttod to allow the 
€hureh of England to licence 
women priests ordained 

mistaken to regard Saturday’s 
v ote as a final word. It may 
even count itself fortunate that 
it now has to return to the 

fthrnosl „,iii . "' ,wu «u “»• uas lO reiUJll TO tM 

AndfrL^!! fS d ? ul * u P Se t fundamental issues, and to a 

'®Bcal sequence in tackling 

wtiere. Rirt e ^ se " J 1 ® 01 * if ^ is to find a way 

S5* “I” th * y . ^ve no real forward. The church will note 

3Lmn? P ?“ ?. lhe 11131 lhe opponents continue to 

^mmodierAiuebtfiiotyei possess sufficient strength to 
. ready to recognise their female exercise a synodical veto, as 

ministers. They went at the they have done for the last ten 
issue of women’s ordination at 
.-their -own hectic speed, and 

, must grant the Church of 
England the right to prefer a 
more leisurely and measured 

A mother church, which is 
also a legally established na- 
tional church, has greater in- 
hibitions and responsibilities 

laid upon it. And it never was 
particularly logical for the 
Church of England to consider 
accepting the ministry of visit- 
ing women priests before it 
was committed to make 
women priests for itself. The 
motive behind the Women 
. Orda i ned Abroad Measure 
was implicitly manipulative; it 
was calculated to soften opin- 
ion in the English church by 
introducing it gradually to 
enfrocked females from 
abroad; so that the eventual 
decision in ordaining women 
would be more favourable. 

This supposed that, the 
objection to women priests 
was some sort of phobia to 
which people could be de- 
sensitized, like a fear of spi- 
ders. It is of course a 
theological issue of some im- 
portance: opponents and 
supporters alike would do the 
church a service if they took it 
more seriously as such. 

For these reasons the 
Church of England would be 

years. If they cannot be out- 
voted, they will have to be 
persuaded; and that means 
more theological argument 
Different bits of the Church of 
England must stop trying to 
manipulate, threaten, or out- 
manoeuvre the rest and start 

If the defeated measure 
smacked of manipulation, the 
report on legislative proposals 
smacks of moral blackmail. In 
Tuesday’s debate on these 
proposals, the synod should 
cast an unsentimental and 
sceptical eye at talk of splits 
and schisms, parallel episcopal 
jurisdictions, continuing 
churches, and similar mis- 
chievous devices. The synod is 
not mandated to preside over 
the Church of England’s dis- 
memberment Nor is it fitting 
that support for the ordination 
of women should be inched 
towards the necessary two- 
thirds synodical majority by 
ingenious means designed to 
relieve the guilt of the majority 
towards the minority. The 
church likes to avoid painful 
choices, but softness can go too 
for. If a two-thirds majority is 
convinced of the case for 
women priests, and desires to 
act accordingly, the minority 
will have to learn to live with it 
or resign. They should not 
expea the Church of England 
to provide them as they depart 

with all the accoutrements, of 
a rival church, and Church 
Commissioners' money to run 

In place of manipulation 
and manoeuvre, and therefore 
in place of Women Ordained 
Abroad measures and leg- 
islative proposals for implicit 
or explicit schisms, the Church 
of England now needs clear 
leadership. It isto the House of 
Bishops that the church has 
the right to look. The Bishops 
have done very well with the 
issues raised by the Bishop of 
Durham, and that was no less 
theological, nor indeed less- 
critical for the peace and unity 
of the church, than women 
priesis. So for the Bishops have 
given no collective lead in this 
other matter, allowing them- 
selves instead to be the victims 
of events. Yet many of the key 
questions concern them es- 
pecially as bishops: it is they 
who will ordain women or not, 
they who will or will not 
exercise jurisdiction over 
dissenting clergy and their 
parishes, they who will or will 
not remain in full communion 
with provinces overseas 
containing female bishops, 
when those appear on the 
scene as they surely will Even 
if only out of self interest the 
bishops should fight to gel 
their hands on the steering 

The bishops as a body 
accurately reflea the range of 
opinion in the church at large. 
A united epispopate would be 
the best assurance of a united 
church; and if unity takes 
some effort to find, and some 
time; the church could wait a 
little longer for it The epitaph 
on Saturday's negative de- 
cision must be: “more haste 
less speed”. 


The peacemaker’s role is really 
blessed as Sir Geoffrey Howe 
is discovering to his cost 
Before his mission to South 
Africa had got Off the ground, 
his ministrations have, been 
. rebuffed bythe fugitive leaders 
of black opinion and, it would 
seem, if only temporarily, by 
President Botha himself. Sir 
Geoffrey, who is believed ini- 
tially to have entertained seri- 
ous. doubts about his brie£ 
must be overcome by a sense 
of futility, while President 
Botha’s reportedly graceless 
response has played right into 
the hands of the sanctions 

Before the. advocates of 
sanctions exult over this new 
weapon in their war against 
Mrs Thatcher, however, they 
should reflect that it merely 
proves the truth of Mrs 
Thatcher’s own dictum that 
sanctions and isolation are the 
worst possible way to bring an 
end to apartheid and Pretoria 
to its senses. No nation, least 
of all the Afrikaners in whom 
years of being an international 
pariah have bred a strong 
sense of xenophobia, takes 
kindly to foreigners telling it 
how to run its affairs. Even less 
does it negotiate willingly un- 
der the band of a gun. It is 
thus unfortunate that Sir 
Geoffrey’s mission has been 
cast, through no fault of his 
own, as a do or die attempt to 
force Pretoria to accept die 
international prescription for 
its troubles -the release of 
Nelson Mandela and the 
unbanning of the ANC -~o r 
fece the consequences. The 
South African Cabinet which 
has lived for years under the 
threat of sanctions has ac- 
quired an immunity to tnc 
opinion of the worid and there 
now appears to be 
sense in white South Africa 
that total isolation would be a 
lesser evil than endless visits 
by finger-wagging foreigners. 
This is an inappropriate re- 
sponse to Sir 

which was not inten&to ty 
Mrs Thatcher to 
fix. but simply the *■*<»* 
nmcess in which tempers 
ooukTsubside and ho^to 
peace given mom to flouru^ 
tot the respond. 
the extent to wtndi 
isolation has distorted wjute 
South Africa's perception 01 

^Mrs'rhatcher undereiands 
the psychology 

in the debate in the House or 

Commons last week when sh 

srs-W. -de jg 

Bishop '^ond^Tutu^d 

others who beUcve mistakenly 

that one more short, sharp 
shove will persuade Mr Botha 
to hand over the keys to the 
South African castle, fail to 
draw. Bishop Tutu js not going 
to receive Sir Geoffrey Howe, 
which is his right He is also 
within his rights, when he calls 
’on Mrs Thatcher to ‘’destroy 
apartheid.” But he is wrong 
when he prescribes sanctions 
as the means to do it 

In her .search for more 
appropriate measures, Mrs 
Thatcher has mentioned 
Britain's financial support for 
the EEC programme of assis- 
tance to victims of apartheid, 
which has been mainly used 
for the education and training 
of black South Africans. The 
programme is wise, but the 
amount involved — £37 mil- 
lion — is derisory if this ap- 
proach to the problem is to be 
tackled with the same convic- 
tion and moral fervour cur- 
rently enjoyed by the pro- 
sanctions lobby. The moral 
base for positive as opposed to 
punitive sanctions, for 
continuing and strenuous 
engagement rather than dis- 
engagement, rests firmly on 
historical fact Apartheid be- 
gan to crumble when eco- 
nomic growth in South Africa 
raised its costs and reduced its 
benefits to the white oligarchy. 
Growth became the engine of 
political change, bringing 
businessmen out in opposition 
to government One by one, 
from job discrimination to the 
pass laws, the struts of apart- 
heid have cracked under the 

South Africa needs to grow 
at a minimum annual rate of 
six per cent to create the 
million jobs a year necessary 
to accomodate the growing 
army of unemployed. Last 
year alone it lost 500,000 jobs. 
By the same token Pretoria — 
and indeed any future black 
government — no - longer has 
the resources to introduce 
equity into the society, to 
educate, house and care for its 
black millions. 

A world which is truly 
motivated by the desire to 
destroy apartheid, feces a real 
test of its moral commitment 
to continue the process 
brought by economic 
growth - a process which 
could be halted by a combina- 
tion of recession, sanctions 
and white perceptions of a 
threat to their security. . 

What is needed is a joint 
American, British and possibly 
European Marshall Plan for a 
multi-million pound invest- 
ment in black South Africa. 
Pretoria today spends more on 
black education than rt does 
on defence, but even if those 
priorities do not Shift udder 
external threat, it does not 

have sufficient funds to pro- 
vide the country’s Mack chil- 
dren with the education to 
equip them for the future they 
claim, ft has, however, begun 
to back away .from the 
Verwoerdian concept that all 
black education Should be 
controlled by the state: There 
is, therefore, nothing in prin- 
ciple to prevent international 
agencies founded and funded 
by British, American and 
European governments from 
establishing a network of pri- 
vate schools and colleges for 
black South Africans. Pretoria 
has also abandoned the con- 
cept that it alone could pro- 
vide and thus control black 
housing in the metropolitan 
areas. A Marshall Plan for 
South Africa could, by work- 
ing either independently or 
through the business-backed 
Urban Foundation, provide 
the funds to house South 
Africa's growing army of ur- 
ban homeless. It could also 
strike a direct blow against 
apartheid if aid is made 
contingent on Pretoria’s 
willingness to abandon the 
Group Areas Aa which en- 
sures residential segregation 
and proclaim new land for 
low-cost housing in the major 
metropolitan areas. If the 
firnds were channelled to black 
entrepreneurs employing 
black workers, the housing 
fund could also ease un- 
employment and provide the 
seed money for black commu- 
nity development as a whole. 
The funding of agricultural 
colleges, agricultural extension 
schemes, and hospitals to im- 
prove the skills and the lot of 
the rural poor and of business 
colleges for the expanding 
black entrepreneurial class, 
would represent a further 
.investment in an apartheid- 
free future. 

Opponents of the scheme 
will doubtless argue, as they 
have in the past, that it will 
help to fund and to shore up 
the apartheid society. Recent 
history in South Africa, how- 
ever, has shown that the 
reverse is true,, that a fright- 
ened, isolated and impov- 
erished society retains the 
prejudices and rigidity which 
are eroded by economic con- 
fidence and growth. Even 
more important, perhaps, such 
a scheme would help to create 
an alternative South Africa of 
apartheid-free structures in 
which government edict and 
control becomes increasingly 

Meanwhile it is to be hoped 
that Sir Geoffrey Howe’s mis- 
sion will go ahead to South 
Africa, as planned. This 
should be a time for quiet 
diplomacy - as quiet as pos- 
sible anyway. 

Or ft t!r w A 



Facing the facts of fife in class 

From the National Hon. Secretary 
of Family & Youth Concern 
Sir. Rosalind Sion, a$ a former 
acting head, and deputy head, of 
two progressive inner London 
comprehensive schools, expresses 
"personal outrage” at the clause in 
die Education Bill which would 
ensure that sex education en- 
courages pupils to have due regard 
for moral considerations and the 
value of family life ( "Sex educa- 
tion that faces facts”. July 2). 

Everything she says in her 
article confirms the importance of 
that innocuous clause in the 
Education Bill. She is obsessed 
with teaching children about alter- 
native life styles and alternative 
modes of sexuality with heavy 
emphasis on homosexuality and 
lesbianism, even to the extent of 
devoting "many of my own 
lessons" to discussing what took 
place on television last night. 

It came as no surprise, there- 
fore. to read in the same issue of 
The Times that the Minister 
responsible for higher education 
has warned of the danger of 
Britain becoming a "remedial 
society", with 40 per cent of 
youngsters on the Youth Training 
Scheme having to be given re- 
medial teaching in writing, read- 
ing and counting after ten years of 
full-time education. 

As academic standards have 
fallen, there has been a rise in 
teenage abortions, illegitimate 
births and diseases associated with 
promiscuity. The extent of family 
breakdown is a very serious social 
problem, giving rise to the need 
for remedial and preventive ac- 
tion to reverse these destructive 
trends before it is too late. The 
clause in the Education Bill is a 
small step in the right direction. 
Yours sincerely, 


National Hon. Secretary, 

Family & Youth Concern, 


Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire. 
From Mrs /L B. Crabb 
Sir, It is a pity that Rosalind Stott 
decries the “family" as “bearing 
little resemblance to real life”. 
Women should surely not feel 
oppressed within the family struc- 
ture if they can. work at building a 
solid foundation upon which their 
children can stand and grow, with 
the knowledge that a loving family 
provides a real security which 
cannot be found in the classroom. 

Like anything worthwhile, the 
.ask of bringing up children is 
difficult. How unfortunate it is 
that such an important role has 
become so unfashionable at the 
present time, when many of the 
lessons that could so easily be 
taught in the home are left to those 
teachers who view the family with 
SUCb disriain.- 

As for the Tory Party elevating 
the “family" into "some kind of 
ideal state”, this should surely not 
be criticised in a far from ideal 
world when what we. and hope- 
fully our teachers, are all striving 
for is the very best for our 

Yours faithfully, 


Riscombe House, 


Minehead, Somerset. 

July 3. 

From Professor Sir Bryan 

Sir. Rosalind Stott extols the idea 
that children should be taught “to 
establish their true sexual role" 
through even-handed examples of 
the virtues of heterosexuality, 
homosexuality and lesbianism. 

Sir, to confute the lengthy 
arguments In her article would 
take more space than you can 
spare. But I draw attention to her 
basic premise. 

This is that “our whole western 
family structure is based on the 
oppression of women" If this is 
the general view of deputy and 
acting headteachers of inner Lon- 
don schools, then may heaven 
protect their poor pupils form 
such nonsense. 

Yours faithfully. 



Winchester, Hampshire. 

July 1 

From Mr Michael Brucciani 
Sir, Judging from her article, 
Rosalind Sion considers sexual 
activity to be free of any objective, 
disciplinary norms and to be a 
matter of personal choice. Hens we 
have the fundamental conflict, the 
follower of God and the free- 
thinker. The controversy about 
morality and sex education is a 
consequence of this conflict. 

A solution to the conflict would 
be to allow each the freedom to 
follow their own choice. The 
followers of God should be al- 
lowed to reclaim the right of 
parents to deride how their chil- 
dren should be educated within a 
moral framewotk. The freethink- 
ers should be free to teach their 
children whatever they like. 

Judging by the trends in today's' 
liberal society and the increases in 
promiscuity, venereal diseases, 
cervical cancer - , sterility, abortion 
and divorce, the freethinker will 
cease to exist within a couple of 
generations. Thus, the conflict will 
die away without ever restricting 
that tolerance and free choice that 
she considers so important 
Yours faithfully, 


IS Knighton Park Road, 


July 2. 

Theatre controversy 

From the Director of South West 

Sir, If Bryan Appleyard (feature, 
July I) truly believes the current 
controversy about transfers of 
subsidised plays from the Na- 
tional Theatre and Royal Shake- 
speare Company to commercial 
theatres has actually highlighted 
the absurdities of their boards' 
policies he entirely misses the 
larger point. 

These transfers are from one 
subsidised London stage to an- 
other commercial one, with the 
odd foreign transfer thrown in. 
Good for London and New York, 
Peter Hall and Trevor Nunn. 

The nation’s taxpayers live 
overwhelmingly outside London 
and certainly not in New York. 
The basic absurdity is that the 
national companies do not see it 
as their primary role to provide 
theatre for lhe nation which 
sustains them, with an ever larger 
slice of the available public 

We have to offer further subsidy 
to bring the Royal Shakespeare 
Company to the South-west, 
where they are welcome. The 
National Theatre simply doesn’t 
come any more and, despite all 
approaches, simply doesn’t want 

If Sir Kenneth Cork’s theatre 
enquiry recognises anything, 
many of us hope it will be that the 
real service to the nation is 
provided by companies up and 
down the country, grossly under- 
funded and exceptionally well run 
in relation to both .the National 
and RSC This may bean unpopu- 
lar, indeed impolitic conclusion — 
Sir Kenneth Cork was chairman of 
the RSC until recently - bur it is 
the only one that makes sense if 
serving the whole country's needs 
is to be our guide. 

Yours sincerely, 

Director,South West Arts, 
Bradntnch Place, 

Gandy Street, 

Exeter, Devon. 

Sale at West Dean 

From the Chairman of The Thir- 
ties Society 

Sir, The letter from the trustees of 
the Edward James Foundation 
(June 28), seeking to justify their 
recent sale at West Dean failed to 
explain why the sale was pursued 
with such unnecessary haste and 
in spite of the fact that the Historic 
Buildings and Monuments 
Commission (English Heritage) 
and many others were anxious 
that Monkton House should be 
preserved for the nation in its 

The trustees state that they are 
“pleased" with the “success” of 
the sale: others may disagree. It 
should be realised that the sale 
only made £4.2 million when 
more had been hoped for and that 
bids for many items failed to reach 
the estimates; that Monkton has 

now been stripped of most of the 
contents that made it so interest- 
ing and that its sad shell is 
probably now difficuli to sell; that 
many furnishings that Edward 
James wanted kept have also been 
removed from West Dean, so 
spoiling its special character as a 
country house of the 1890s; that 
the wilful dismemberment of Ed- 
ward James's achievement as the 
most imaginative British patron of 
the arts of this century has caused 
considerable distress to many who 
work and study at West Dean; and 
that, by their actions, the trustees 
have forfeited the respect due to 
them as the responsible guardians 
of Edward James’s legacy. 

The sale should thus be ac- 
counted a disaster. 

Yours faithfully, 

GAVIN STAMP, Chairman, 
The Thirties Society, 

1 St Chad’s Street, WCI. 

Dismay at radio 

From Mr and Mrs Robert Spencer 
Sir. if a parent institutes a 
competition promising a certain 
privilege to the prize-winners, 
waits six months longer than 
originally stated before announc- 
ing the result, and then, owing to 
the misgivings of various aunts 
about the possible abuse of the 
privilege, declares the competition 
and the privilege to be cancelled 
for the foreseeable future, he is a 
bad parent. Such betrayal of trust 
would reap a justly deserved 
reward of antagonism and dis- 

This is. in effect, what the Home 
Office has done in withdrawing its 
promise to issue licences to 
community radio stations. It has 
done it not to children, but to 
groups of enterprising young peo- 
ple willing to spend months 
ploughing energy and money into 
projects which would provide 
activity, stimulus, self-respect and 
mutual understanding among 
sizeable sections of population in 
our big cities and elsewhere, who 
now have their hopes dashed, 
their trust betrayed and their work 
wasted. We know, being the 
parent of an applicant. 

The Cabinet committee should 
meet again and agree after all to 
stand by their promise. Trust 
breeds trust and responsibility. 
Betrayal does not 
Yours sincerely, 



11 Barclay Oval 

Woodford Green, Essex. 

Engineers shortage 

From Mr D. A. W v Taylor 
Sir. Your readers and Professor 
Herbst (July 2) should be aware 
that one-year conversion courses 
already exist for 18+ school 
leavers who wish to study for an 
engineering degree but who lack 
the required entry and foundation 

For many decades a number of 
universities, including my own, 
have offered “preliminary year" 
one-year courses to fulfil exactly 
the need of such students. In these 
courses students have the added 
benefit of tutorage by professional 
chartered engineers. Unfortu- 
nately, such courses do not attract 
the mandatory support grant and, 
in spite of much hand-wringing, 
universities can no longer afford 
the resources for such courses. 

Here is plainly a good idea with 
the apparatus already in existence 
(just) at low cost and high effec- 
tiveness. Hie apparatus is about to 
wither away only to be (expen- 
sively?) recreated elsewhere if 
Professor Herbst is supported. 
Yours sincerely, 


Uni versity of Sheffield, 
Department of Mechanical En- 

Mappin Street, 

Sheffield, South Yorkshire. 

Alas, poor Pete 

From Mr Bryan Ewing . 

Sir, I am rather disturbed by the 
British Museum exhibition of 
“Pete Marsh", alias Lindow Man. 
The attitude seems to be that since 
this is a discovery of such age and 
importance, the actual substance 
is overlooked. 

This is a man not a fossil nor a 
photograph. It is tasteless and 
repellent to display his mortal 
remains; which 'should be given 
the respect accorded to the more 
recently departed. 

Yours sincerely, 


28 Ravenscar Road. 


Surbiton, Surrey. 

Open to view 

From Dr Tim Paine 
Sir, Mr Ball’s letter today (July I) 
recalls an incident on a recent visit 
to Mt Athos. Arriving at one of the 
monasteries, my friend and I were 
warmly greeted by a venerable 
orthodox monk and offered the 
customary coffee, raki and 

After exhausting our repertoire 
of Greek phrases for pious pil- 
grims, we ventured a few words in 
English (you never know . . . ), 
only to be asked (in German) if we 
were German. (It was our back 

"Actually, we’re English." 

“I say — so am IP 

Are the English only instantly 
recognisable to foreigners!? 

Yours truly. 


13 Limerick Road, 


Bristol, Avon. 

July 1. 

The brain drain 

From Professor Paul J. Korshin 
Sir, The recruitment by US 
universities of British academic 
talent, as Professor James Manor 
notes (June 21), does take place, 
but it is not a new phenomenon 
and it is not something that need 
cause apocalyptic fears of the 
extensive loss of top British 
scholars and researchers to the 

Even in the years of US 
universities' greatest expansion, 
1960-68, the number of British 
dons to move to posts in the US 
was quite modest Then, as now, 
these positions were chiefly in the 
biomedical and applied sciences, 
and the chief reason for a British 
academic's moving to the US was 
maritaL i.e^ marriage to an 

US immigration procedures are 
not especially hospitable to the 
non-US academic who wishes to 
relocate: denization (the “green 
card”) still lakes at least five years. 
The recruiters who so much 
perturb Professor Manor could 
only be offering temporary posts; 

permanency^ or tenure, in US 
universities is not automatically 
based on time served, but is in fact 
highly competitive. In my per- 
sonal experience, more than two 
thirds of the British dons in arts 
and humanities who have sought 
long-term posts in the States have 
not obtained tenure or could not 
accept it because of visa problems. 

Nor is there a plethora of lop 
posts available in US institutions 
today. US universities suffered 
severe cutbacks in the 1970s, 
somewhat similar to those that 
British higher education has been 
undergoing in the 1980s. and 
prospects for future growth are 
very bleak. Arts and humanities 
faculties in particular have shrunk 
by about one third in the last 
decade: the best we can anticipate 
is a steady state. 

As for the wave of retirements 
that we expect in the US in the 
first half of lhe .1990s. our aca- 
demic planners are already 
stockpiling younger scholars, most 
of them obviously Americans, in 
postgraduate schools and post- 
doctoral programs to be ready as 

replacements. For a typical va- 
cancy leading to tenure, an institu- 
tion in the US can now expect to 
receive 100 to 300 applications: 
with such an oversupply of ex- 
cellent talent, widespread recruit- 
ment in the UK will be as unlikely 
as it will be unnecessary. 

Of course there has always been 
a trickle of leading British dons 
moving to the US .just as a smaller 
number of US academics has 
taken posts in the UK. Such 
exchanges are part of a healthy 
international academic system 
and reflect customs that began in 
the Enlightenment. 

They will doubtless continue; 
no one would argue against them. 
But there is no credible evidence 
to suggest that the trickle is about 
to widen into a stream or that the 
British Government is putting the 
nation's academic institutions at 
risk from this quarter. 

Yours faithfully. 


(Professor of English, 

University of Pennsylvania), 

42 Penerley Road, SE6. 

June 24. 

JULY 7 1936 

Since 1931 Japan had pursued a 
policy of aggression towards China 
culminating in Us occupation Of 
Manchuria. Open warfare broke 
out with a clash between Japanese 
and Chinese troops on July 7 1937 
near Peking. From that day until 
Japan's defeat at the end of World 
War II, China contained three 
/actions — Nationalists, 
Communists and the Japanese; 
each of these uw in conflict with 
the other turn; from 1943 the civil 
war continued. 




From Our Own Correspondent 

After a year’s fighting the Japa- 
nese armed forces nominally occu- 
py one-third of China — 300,000 
square miles with an estimated 
population of 130,000,000 — but 
large tracts of y frfo vast area are in 
the of guerrillas. 

Japanese official figures give the 
number of troops lolled up to Junei 
15 as 510,109 Chinese and 36,629 
Japanese. Foreign estimates put 
the total casualties at 1,000,000 
Chinese and 300,000 Japanese. 
Civilian casualties will never he^ 
estimated, but the number off 
refugees runs into 1,000,000 and! 
nobody can predict the final toll off 
war, famine, flood, and disease In 
this tragic country. 

The Japanese now exercise nom- 
inal control over the territory 
bounded by a line running from 
Hangchow through Wuhu along; 
the Yangtze to Hukow, north- 
eastward to Shihpakhen, through 
Tsienshan. Liuan, Cheng- 
yangkwan and Mengcheng to the 
flood area, and all the country 
bounded by the bend of the Yellow 
River northward into Inner Mon- 
golia: They also occupy Amoy, but 
the Chinese still control the area 
around Haichow, the eastern ter- 
minus of the Lunghai Railway in 

The leaders of both sides to-day 
issued statements in connection 
with the anniversary tomorrow of 
the outbreak ofdwstilities on July 7 
last year. The Chinese Govern- 
ment have decreed that July 7 be 
observed as a national memorial 
day in future with a three-minutes’ 
silence at noon. General Chiang 
Kai-shek reaffirms China's resolve 
to continue the struggle and ap- 
peals to the people of Japan to 
restrain “the madness of their 
militarists" which is destroying 
both nations, and reminds friendly 
countries, for whose help the 
Chinese people are grateful that 
“peace is indivisible and isolation 

General Hata, the Japanese 
commander, who reiterates his 
intention to pursue the campaign 
“until the present Hankow regime 
collapses," eb*™* that Japan has 
often “sacrificed strategic advan- 
tages in order the better to respect] 
the Interests of neutral Powers," 
and has openly taken prompt steps 
to redress incidents to the satisfac- 
tion of the nations concerned. 
Owing to fear of terrorist out- 
rages special precautions were, 
instituted to-night to preserve 
.order in Sha n g h ai More than 
5,000 police, 450 men of The 
Seafortb Highlanders, and 600 
volunteers in the International 
'Settlement, and 4,000 police in the 
French Concession as well as U.S. 
marines are now either on duty or 
ready for emergency calls. A rigor- 
ous search of motor-cars, pedestri- 
ans, and buildings ha s begun. 

According to Chinese reports the 
high-way between Yunnanfu and 
Burma has been completed at a 
[cost of 32,000,000 and will reduce 
the time for motor traffic to four 
days, though private travel is 
discouraged owing to lack of petrol 
and spares along the route and the 
danger of earthfalls. 

Other Chinese reports state that 
the Soviet is buying tea worth 
$15,000,000 to facilitate the pur- 
chase of war supplies and that 
engineers have started to survey a 
railway between Szechwan and 
Tibet in order to develop commu- 
nications for prolonged resistance 
in the interior. 

Setting to rights 

From the Rev. D. G. Richards 
Sir, I am surprised that Miss 
Cauchl (July 3) should use a cloth 
for the dinner table (unless she is 
setting it for children or animals, 
who alone eat dinner in the middle 
of the day). For a dinner party, 
according to Nancy Milford, the 
table should not be covered, so 
that its sheen may -reflect . the 
jewels of the ladies and the 
starched shirt-fronts of the gentle- 

Yours faithfully, 


The Rectory, 



From Mr R, T. Rivington 
Sir. The spoon and fork laid 
crossways for family or friends is 
for pudding rather than dessert. In 
a large formal meal with strangers, 
cutlery and plate is laid for each 
course in turn, to be taken up by 
the diner from the outside, leaving 
him with no doubt about what 
they are to be used for. 

Yours faithfully, 


5 Carlton Road 
Oxford . 

In other words 

From Mr John Rashley 
Sir, Recently I was prescribed an 
inhaler upon which was printed 
the dosage measured' in 

Mercifully, my GP told me to 
have “a couple of puffs" at a lime; 
Yours faithfully, 


1 0 Windsor Square, 



















































Xm- * * * » * : ~ 'm 



Working with modern miracles 

Biotechnology has 

produced a host of new 

products and services. 

Neil Harris examines 

this fast expanding area 
and the opportunities 
that it can now offer. 

The protein in Sainsbury's “Savory Pie’, 
ihe enzymes in biological washing 
powder and the pregnancy test available 
through chemist's shops are among the 
products of biotechnology. It is an area 
of science in which rapid advances are 
being achieved resulting in new products 
and serv ices. 

Many millions of pounds are now 
spent every year on research and 
development in biotechnology. The 
Science and Engineering Research Coun- 
cil alone currently has an annual spend 
of £3.6 million on biotechnology re- 
search. Millions more are finding their 
way into equipment for processing plant 
and the manufacture of products using 
biotechnological techniques. Some of 
these products are already on sale; more 
will inevitably follow. What is biotech- 
nology? is it important? Will it create 
more jobs and if so for whom? 

Biotechnology is not new. For thou- 
sands of years man has been making 

Many ethical questions are 
being raised by this business 

bread and wine through the fermentation 
of yeast, a living organism. This use of 
organisms to manufacture products is 
what biotechnology is all about It 
suddenly moved into a higher gear in the 
early seventies with the discovery of 
genetic engineering. It gave us the means 
to take molecules out of a living cell and 
change their structure. 

Biotechnology is important because it 
presents us with new ways of making 
novel chemical compounds which are 
useful in a whole range of industries. 
Industries which are of fundamental 
significance for our physical and mental 
wellbeing, including medicine and phar- 
maceuticals. food and agriculture, horti- 
culture. chemicals, and energy. Like 
nuclear physics it also raises ethical 
questions because it gives man the tools 
to meddl e. shou Id. ht be. foolish -enough 1 
to do so. with his own genetic structure, 
the chemical base which makes us the 
people we are. 

During the last decade a new industry 
has emerged. Now there are over three 
hundred firms in the UK actively 
engaged in some area of biotechnology. 
Some of these are the large companies 
including such big names as Boots. ICl. 
Allied Breweries and BP. Many are small 
ventures set up specifically to capitalise 

on the products of ihe application of 
novel techniques. 

The industry has quickly developed an 
infrastructure of manufacturers, contract 
researchers, consultants, process equip- 
ment suppliers, information providers 
and publishers. Many universities, estab- 
lishments where the basic research 
began, are now commercially involved. 
Imperial Biotechnology, a firm set up by 
Imperial College, manufactures medical 
diagnostic kits. Leicester University has 
set up the Leicester Biocentre in collabo- 
ration with industrial concerns, particu- 
larly those in the food industry. 

The people at (he heart of biotechno- 
logical developments are microbiolo- 
gists. biochemists, chemists and 
chemical engineers. It is also creating 
work for pharmacologists, physiologists, 
mechanical and electronic engineers and 
information scientists. Those in greatest 
demand have Ph.Ds in some aspect of 
molecular biology. 

The prosperity of the industry is based 
on a heavy commitment to research. 
Graduates without a higher degree but 
posessing a good honours degree can 
sometimes find a niche in a research 
department or in the major fields of 
product development and quality con- 
trol. Many biological products cannot be 
marketed until they have passed through 
a lengthy screening process. For a new 
drug this can take ten years. There are 
similar, though shorter development 
systems for the acceptance of animal 
feedstocks, insecticides and related prod- 
ucts which must pass through toxicologi- 
cal and environmental tests organ ised 
and carried out by biological scientists 
and chemists. 

Many of those in the sales and 
marketing functions of these companies 
are graduates in the disciplines which 
give them a thorough understanding of 
the products they are bringing to the 

Industry is beginning to differentiate 
between biological scientists, favouring 
those who have studied courses which 
include studies of living organisms at the 
molecular scale. ‘This is hard biology', 
says a leading industrialist, ‘whereas 
categorising plants and insects, watching 
iHern grow and studying their behaviour 
is soft biology. Industry needs more of 
the hard variety and few of the soft.’ 

A growing number of universities offer 
degree courses in biotechnology, but 
because these are relatively new and the 
quality of their graduates untested, 
industry at the moment conservatively 
prefers those who haw studied in depth 
one of the subjects fundamental to 
biotechnology rather than those with an 
overall view of the subject. This may 

change as more graduates with degrees in 
biotechnology become available and are 
found to be a useful industrial asset. 

Biotechnological processing is exact- 
ing because much of it must be carried 
out in a sterile environment The 
organism required for the process must 
be the only one present This adds to the 
difficulty from an engineering point of 
view and continuous biological monitor- 
ing of the process by biochemists and 
microbiologists is essential. 

Biotechnology is seen in some quarters 
as the technology which will provide the 
next major revolution after the silicon 
chip. Just as electronics is altering the 
way we do things now biotechnology 
may change our lives in the 1990s. There 
are already biodegradable plastics for use 
as sutures in hospital operations. Insulin 
and growth hormones are produced! 
using the techniques of biotechnology 
and there are several microbial pesti- 
cides on the market. 

In the future more drugs will be made 
from natural products rather than via the 
synthesis of chemicals. Biotechnology 
will aid the identification of viruses and 

Prosperity is based on heavy 
commitment to research 

the manufacture of vaccines. Tests will 
soon be available to tell us when food is 
too old and should be thrown away. The 
new techniques will help us to breed 
better plants, more resistant to the 
dangers which are normally present in 
their environment and animals more 
efficient in the production of meat or 

In Brazil plants are already used to 
make fuel oil and no doubt when our oil 
reserves are depleted a time wiU come- 
when biotechnological techniques, cur- 
rently uneconomic, will produce our 
petrol. More importantly, through the 
manufacture of protein biotechnology 
can produce food without the need for 
vast areas of land or a suitable climate. 
The prospects are inspiring. 

Meanwhile this is an industry which is 
definitely here to stay. No doubt some of 
the minnows will find the going tough if 
their products do not come along fast 
enough to pay the heavy research bills. 
Others will be gobbled up by the large 
companies. But the demand for molecu- 
lar biologists, particularly with research 
experience is likely to slowly increase 
and the industry will compete with 
others for the services of the declining 
output of chemical engineering 


Applications are 
invited for a 
lectureship in die 
Schooiof Lawn from 
1st October, 1986, 
or by arrangement 
Starting salary in the 
range £8.000 to 
£36.000, USS. 

21st July. 1986. 

Further particulars 
from The Registrar; 
The University of 






Intensive tuition in small 
groups for children sitting 
entrance examinations to 
independent schools. 

For further information 
please apply to: 

The Headmistress 
Clarendon School 
66 New Bond Street 
W1Y 9DF 
01-493 3545 



by first rate teachers for 5- 
8 year olds. 21 July - 15 
r August in' W 10. 


01-435 6591. 

The Public Authority for 
Applied Education and 
Training (P.A.A.E.T.) in 
Kuwait advertises for the 
following Training Staff 
for the Academic year 

* 1) Ekctricty and Electronics Instructor 

Requirement: M.Sc / BjSc Electronics or Electrical 

* 2) T.V. & Broadcasting Instructor 

Requirement: M.Sc / Bite in Communications 

*3) Radio Instructor 

Requirement: MJ5c / B5c in Communications 

*4) Data Transmissions Instructor 

Requirement: M.Sc / B.Sc in Communications 

*51 Telegraph Instructor 

Requirement: M.Sc / B.Sc in Communications 

* 6) Sea Guidance Instructor 

Requirement: Degree - High Seas Captain 

* 7). Coastal Station Instructor 

Requirement: First Degree - Civil Certificate in 
Telegraph. Telephone and Wireless. 

* 8) Computer Instructor 

Requirement: M-Sc / Biic in Computer 

*9) English Instructor 

Requirement: MA in T.E.F.L. 

* All positions require experience in the field of 
not less than five years. All applicants, other 
than English Instructors, must be bilingual 

Salary and Other Benefits: 

* The satorv for beginning Instructor is between 490 and 
675 K.D.' (S1470 to I2D2S) per month/M-S- tS1530 - 

* A Housing Allowance of 250 to 350 K.D. (S750 - 
SI 050) will be grained according to marital status. 

* T ravel Tickets for wife and up to 3 children every year. 

* Free health treatment. 

General Information: 

1. The application must be addressed to the Director 
General of the Authority, accompanied by copies of 
the following non-returnable documents:- 

i. Diplomas. Certificates 
it. Experience Certificates 
iii. One personal photo 

2. It will be preferable to have had experience in the 
Teaching or Training field in similar technical Col- 
leges or Institutes. 

3. Applications will only be accepted for three weeks 
following the publishing of this advertisement. 

4. The Authority holds the right to accept or reject 
applcaiions without giving reason for the action. 

5. The applications are to be sent or hand-delivered to 
the following address > 

The Director General 
The Public Authority for Applied 
Education & Training 
Department of Institutes and 
Centers Affairs 
P.O. Box 23167 Safat 13092 
State of Knwait. 


Oppnamutv tor i.ffliff prom >o *ork *uh chihlvn in inuwst- 
inf bailing y.haol. 

tsrtul care. . entering and educational crpenence. 

■ ‘Phone far daaih nr 

St Chris tophr School Letch worth 
(0462 679501) 



The Chairman of the Management Board of the Unit Mr MG 
Nichol, Invites applications for two posts of Deputy Director, who 
will be required to take up their duties as soon as possible. 

The Unit will support the local education authorities and teacher 
training establishments of England, Wales and Northern Ireland in 
the task of integrating and developing new technology in schools. It 
will provide a central source of information, train the trainers, 
develop curriculum materials and support work on new technology 
in special education. The Unit will build upon the work of the 
Microelectronics Education Programme (MEP) which ended on 31 
March 1986. 

Both Deputy Directors will be required to assist the Director in the 
setting up and running of the activities of the Unit They will both be 
involved in in-service activities and in setting up support for in- 
service and pre-service trainers. One deputy will be particularly 
concerned with the information roles of the Unit; the other will be 
particularly concerned with curriculum development Applicants 
should be able to demonstrate a sound knowledge of new technol- 
ogy in education relevant to the particular post applied for, and of 
experience in in-service or pre-service training. 

The Unit is being established in the Science Park of the University 
of Warwick. Salary will be on a scale related to Souibury grades 10- 
11 with Teachers' or Local Government Superannuation. 


Infant .school teacher for 
Finnish children aged 3-7 
at the English Playschool 
of Mentis and Vt/ppuia. 
Teacher assisted by a 
Finnish teacher. Net sal- 
ary FIM 2400 per month 
+ free accommodation. 
Beginning September 1st 
Send application, indud- 
irw^recent photo by July 

Mrs. Suvi UukkasM 
35700 VDppula HibiuL 

Qualified Teacher 

Own modernised flat in ontral- 
London and good satoy offered 
for quaified teacher to work in a 
nursery school hi nscr- angs and 
to collect 2 (jrfs from school in 
afternoons. Please apply In 
writinfl with CV to F. Dunlap 
(J.M1J 5 Kansinqton Ctwdi SL 
London W 4UT 



For full' time French 
teaching post in in- 
dependent sixth form 
college. Preferred age 
24-28. Teaching ex- 
perience desirable. 
Ring 01 373 6270 
for appficafioo form. 



required for September for 
country prep, school Experi- 
ence wttlt gnts' garnets an 
asset. Apply The Headmaster. 
Ashdown House, Forest Row. 




(Member of I.A.P.S.) 

The Council Invites applications for the post of Resi- 
dent Head which will become vacant on the retirement 
of the present Head in December 1986. 

The School, founded in 1930 and an Educational Trust 
since 1959. is an Independent Preparatory Boarding 
and Day School for Gins. There ere approximately 100 
boarders and 50 day-girls, between the ages of 5 and 

The Salary will be in accordance with the Burnham 

Letters of application, together with curriculum vitae 
and the names and addresses of three referees should 
be sent to 

Miss Mary Feaver, 

Chairman of The Selection Committee, 
C/o St Christopher’s School, 
Bumham-on-Sea, Somerset TAB 2NY. 
Applications dose on 23rd September 1986. 





Applications are invited as soon as possible 
from Headmasters or Senior Housemasters 
for the above post The Project Director is 
responsible for more than 100 British teach- 
ers on the ‘A’ Level programme in 
Government Residential Schools through- 
out Malaysia under the Centre's contract 
with the Malaysian Ministry of Education. 

Details of the post may be obtained from: 

The General Manager 

The Centre for British Teachers 

Quality House 

Chancery Lane 

London WC2A 1HP 


Weare expanding and are looking for people to join us as trainers. We need graduates aged 
bfciwcm 23 ana 53 witn direct conuneraal/industrial experience. We want good communicators 
who can take responsibility for and animate snail groups. Previous experience in training 'is 
useful, but not essential. ^ 

We run inte nsiv e courses in English and- communication stalls for international company pers o n- . 
nel and professio n al people. For these courses we develop our own methods and materials. We 
have six centres (three in London, one in Bath, one in Milan and one in Tokyo) and we run 
tailored courses for companies all over Europe. W illing ness to travel is therefore essential. 

There is a five week paid initial training period. The current starting salary is £1 1,200 (London). 
We have staff pension and profit-sharing schemes. 

Please write, enclosing c.v n giving full details of ALL types of work experience and giving both 
home and work phone numbers to: 

Anna Staunton 

88 Earls Court Road, London, W8 6EG. 


Teaching Fellowship in the 
Department of Theoretical 
Mechanics - 

Applications are invited for the above appoint- 
ment. Candidates should be qualified in a branch 
of mathematics which has some relevance to 
engineering, for example solid mechanics, fluid 
mechanics, electromagnetic theory, optimisation 
theory, numerical analysis, statistics, control the- 
ory or. applied analysis. 

The duties of the post will include the teaching 
of Mathematics to Engineering students and to 
Honours Degree level to students in Mathemat- 

The appointment is for a three year period effec- 
tive from 1st October 1986 or as soon as possible 
thereafter, and will be made within the first four 
points of the lecturer scale: £8,020 - £9,495 
(under review). 

Forms of applications, returnable not later than 
18 -July 1986 and further particulars, from the 
Staff Appointments Officer, University of Not- 
tingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 
2RD. Ref No. 1051. 



Applications are invited for tie above post for 
work on a project to prepare computer programs 
which simulate practical procedures in Bio- 
chemistry. The project, which is funded by the 
Nuffield Foundation, will involve programming 
■ Acorn BBC, RM Nintous and IBM PC computers. 
•A recent degree and experience in programming, 
particularly with graphics 'are required. A back- 
ground in Biochemistry or a related subject 
/would. be an advantage, -but is .not essential. • 
Post available from 1. October 1986 fora fixed 
period of two years. 

Starting salary of. £7055 on the IB Grade for 
Other Related Staff. ■ 

Informal enquiries may be made to Dr A G Booth 
(teL (0532) 431751 ext 7515). 

Application forms and.Jurther particulars may be 
obtained from and completed applications sent 
to the • •*: " 

Registrar, the University, Leeds LS2 9JT, 
quoting reference number 83/75. 

Closing - date lor. application 25 July 1 986. 



Department of Colour 
Chemistry and Dyeing 
Chair of Colour 
Chemistry and Dyeing 

Anolicattons are invited for the Chair of 
Cotour Chemistry and Dyeing.- The De- 
partment of Colour Chemistry jin* 
Dyeing, which is the only independent 
department of its kind in the United Klng^. 
has strong links with industry 

dyeing, but reprographic, biochemical, 
polymer and electro-optical applications. 
The person appointed will be expected 
to foster such jinks actively and to pro- 
vide vigorous research leadership. ■ The 
salary will be within the professional 
range, minimum £19,010. a year.- 

Further particulars may be obtained 
from the Registrar, the . University 
Leeds, LS2 9JT, quoting reference 85/97 ■ 
Applications (two copies) giving details 
of age, qualifications and experience, ' 
and naming- three referees should reach 
the Registrar no later than 29 August 
1 986: Applicants from overseas may ap- 
ply in the first instance by cable, naming : 
three referees, preferably in the' United 



Applications arc. invited for a new CHAIR IN 
PRIMARY- EDUCATION: from candidates 
whose interest wiU enable them to provide aca- 
demic and professional leadership in. all courses 
in Primary Education in the University. The ap- 
pointment will dale from 1 January 1987, ot-such | 
date as may be arranged. 

The - appointment mil be made on the basic Pro- 
fessorial salary scale (£19,117 - £22,257. per 
annum), together with the nsual pension 
arrangements. s 

Applications (twelve copies), including the names 
of three referees, most be. submitted not later than 
Friday, 15. August 1986 to the.Regiarar and Sec- 
retary, Old Shire HaU, Durham DHi.3HP,.from 
whom further, particulars may be obtained. (Can- 
didates outside the British Isles need submit one 
copy only.) . , 


Senior Research 

Applications are invited for a vacancy of Postdoctoral 
Senior Research Assistant in the Department of Me- 
chanical Engineering to work with Professor R- Parker 
and Dr S. Stoneman oh a joint SERC/RoDa Royce 
project investigating blade vibration due to acoustic 
waves in axial-flow compressor. Applicants ahould be 
graduates in Engineering or Applied Mathematics with 
an interest in Mathematical Modelling in fluid mechan- 
ics, acoustics and vibration. 

The appointment, which will be for two years from 
October 1, 1986. will be on a scale op to. £10,375 per 
annum {Hus USS/USDPS benefits. 

Further particulars and application forms (2 copies) 
may be obtained from the Personnel Office. University 
Cottage of Swansea. Singleton Path, Swansea. SA2 8PP, 
to which office they should be returned by Friday, 
July 25, 1986. 


Department of Economics 

Lectureship is Maugemeit Scfetfces/StmUes 

Applications are Invited for a Lectureship in Manage- 
ment Sciences/Studies from candidates with a special 
interest id the field of Organisational Behaviour and 
Design. The successful applicant wfu join a smafl team 
which is developing new courses in Management and 
will, therefore, be expected to make a reasonably ver- 
satile teaching contribution. 

Salary at an appropriate point on scale £8020 to 
£15.700 per annum: starting salary probably not above 
£11,275 per annum, plus USS. 

Further particulars may be obtained from the Establish- 
ments Officer, The University, College Gate, St 
Andrews, fife, KYIS 9AJ to whom applications (two 
copies preferably In typescript) with the names of three 
referees should be sent to arrive not later than 3lst ; 
July 1986. 



Applications from post graduates or those with post-docfodal 
experience in plwsotogy are invited for the above post in the 
department of Physical Education aid Sports Science tenable 
for 3 years. - • • ' 

The person appointed vriO join a small MRC Research Group,, 
(greeted by Professor C T M Davies, which is co nce rned with 
the study of human muscle, physiology and biochemistry 
presently located in the department or Physiology in the 
University Medkal School. 

Salary on the scale: £7055 > - fl2L780. ■ 
Applications (6 copies) by 21 My 1986 to the 
Assistant Registrar (Arts), University of B i m ti rarfwnv 
PO Bast 363, Birmingham B15 2TT» . 
from whom further particulars may [ be i obtained. .... .. .. 

An Equal Opportunities Employer. .* - - 

Department of Business Studies - 
University of Stirling 
Applications are invited for the post of 

of the 

Distributive Trades Technology 
Advisory Centre 

The Centre, an initiative of the Distributive Trades Economic 
Development Committee provides an independent advice 
and information service to the distributive trades. The Man- 

Salary will be in Ihe range £8,020 - £12.780 (under review). 
Further particulars are available from 
The Secretary. IfotarsBy el SSritag. Stilting FK9 4U, 
to whom applications, including the names of two referees, 
should be sent by 1 August 1986. 

University of London 


The Senate invite applications for the above Readership 
which will become vacant on 1 October 1987. 
Applications 111 copies) should be submitted to the 

Teachers Section (T), University ot London. 
Senate House. (Room 35). Mafet Street 
London WC1E 7HU, 

from whom further particulars should first be obtained. 
Closing date 22 August 1986. 

University of London 


TheSwote invite, applications for the above newly estab- ; 


12 2? Registrar (TL Ifsstasity of Londoi 

Matet Sired, Lo n d on WC1E 7HU. from whom further 
particulars should first be obtained. 

The closing date for receipt ot application is 15 August 1986. 




Applications are invited for rhe Headship of , 
Hereford Cathedra) School from 1st 
September 1987. 

The School is independent, co-educational, 
day and boarding 11-18 and provides the 

Further details from the Cleric to the Gov- 
ernors, Cathedral School, "Hereford, HRl 
2NN. Closing date 20th September, 1986. 



The Governors invite applications for the post of 
Head from 1st September 1987. following the retire- 
ment of Mrs M. M. Payton. 

Mickiefiekf is an independent girts' Bdarding and 
Day School for about 230 pupils aged 4VH8, which 
includes 30 boys, aged 4V4-8. . 

Further details may be obtained fron) the Clerk to 
the Governors, Micklsfiekl School, Sutton Avenue. 
SeafordJ East Sussex SN25-4LP. - 



“KS S?5 ,caHon S i H-M-C- school for 
400 boarding and day pupils aged 11-18 For 

^ write im- 
mediately, marking the envelope “Bursar”, to: 

7M Qerk to ttie Governors 
42, Lowther Street, 

Cumbria, . 

CA27 7JU 


(HMC Hoarding: 300 boys I US. 

6th fontt girls) ■ 


Applications are invited Tor the above post which win tali 
Cote^and details of the anxjlntmem may be states!!. 
• Registrar, Christ College, Brecon, Powys, unt M&v 







'I V. 

;r ': r c. 
. 1 *0% 

•••iv : 





*PM*l «# 

*t ■ 






>;. ■ # ; Jfe 



£* t* 




One A-Level Can Lead 
to a Career 

2 ^*saK=r- 

"SH award. Wfth j 
3 O-Leveb you could join one of ibe following: 
■HND-Bmjnets Studies 

lJUIVk n^i.1 A jfm 

UNDCompoter Studies ' ec * u>oto fiy 
Computing Technology 
HND Ehctronk EngSweS 
• HNO Mechanical & Production Engineering 

For students with 2 A-Levefe, we offer ACCA 
- Chartered Assoc of Certified 

Fordeiaik-and forms please contact: 

The Registrar.! Ref. O ) 

^ ***** E^tion. 

Slough SH 1YG. 

Tel. No. (0753) 34585 124 hours) 

Slough College 

( 10-15 Tears) 

.Tim* week residential or day courses in Knigfatsbrkjge. 
July 13 - August 2. August 3 - August 23, 1986 L^^ 
^fl^ervfeiOD. Programmes or activities. Sports and 


Couraes commence each Monday throughout the year. 

T^BbSkSSSS^ ° 1 “ 603 2160/3 ® 26 * 



I Ewrafurwyow totyiucteii. 

■ BB Wwai M 

| Ukns 


UnamCMuttu I 

St**. Bat NFS76 _ 


k.W WS76 




Decorative paint courses, 
rag roUnq. marbellaig, 
spongeing. dragging.' Curtain 
making courses, gliding 
courses and many others 
available. 1.2 and 3 day 
couraes in Greenwfcft. 4 
miles from London. 

Other courses available. 

01 6920961 


Individually planned tuition for GCE at 0 & A level. 
One and two-year courses and one- term intensive 
re-take revision. 

Write ta The Principal at 3 RrooksUe, Cambridge 
CIS IBg, or tetepfesue 022364639. 



The demand for the trained man or woman chiropodist *n the 
private sector ts increasing. Most of the training necessary to 
quality tor a diploma In chiropody may be taken at home by very 
sptxx&sed correspondence lessons totowed by Ml practical 
training . .. You are invited to write tor the free booklet from 
The School of Swipul Chiropody 
' The SUAE Institute (established 191® 

Tlte New Hal (Dept TIT) 

Bath Road, Maidenhead, Berks. SL8 4LA 
Teh (0628) 21100 (24 his) and (0628) 82449 

New from Pitman 

Executive secretarial training plus work experience at our 

Wimbledon College. Indudes training m word and rff 
v RSA examinations. 

processing and secretarial skfis for 

Approved lodgings avaflable. For prospectus, please 

The Principal, 

'man Collage. 
Alwyna ttomf, 

Whnbtedon . Tel: 01-946 170E 











^ ..RECOGNISED BY BLAC (Bdltafa LccnrdltalkKi Count*) 1 

MEMBER OF etFE(Canfarano» lor UutapwiddniryihwBiuroaon) | 

The Marlborough Secretarial Colleges 

Broadtedas*dnneB-le»m end intensive courses tor Pitman andRS*. 
quanhcaHMM. wWi amnio opoonufuoes for cnrhOtMlton in univefs4y 

Me AfKxwM tadgngx avaiiaWe For full Ootaio. oreams caninct- 

Hie HeiibonMgh SecrowW - Ttia Cambrktgq Marlborough 

Cottage Secrot ertte Cottage 

110a High Street Bateman Saect 

Oxford 0X1 4HU Cambridge CB2 1LU 

T*t (0865) 34S484 PteSWI'211212 Tel: (0223) 87016 



for entry in September 1987 

Two Academic and two Music Scholarships will 
be awarded to boys and girls of exceptional 
merit seeking admission to the Sixth Forrn in 
September 1987. The awards will be worth up 
to 66% -of current boarding fees. 

The ACADEMIC Scholarship examination will 
be held at Bryanston on f 8th & 79th 
1986 and the MUSIC examination on 20th No- 
vember 1986. Dosing date for applications: 
3rd November, 1986. 

For further details and application forms please 
contact- the Registrar, Bryanston ScnooL 
Bfamdford; Dorset DT11 OPX or telephone 
0258 52411- 

t^nra tinnai Studentships 

Department of Mathematics 
SERC CASE Studentship 

_ Applications of Databases 
in Modelling Radiowave Interference 

Apptiouibnt nre invited for g^co******* “ ** 
fofkwing iinrrdisdplinary subject area. 

ConHruetion of mrich o f 

communicauons The project is of iniema- 

vanous propagamm bvBriiish Telecom 

tkma) significance and • « ^ data being 

Research &«* 

coBcaed by the j* ur k"^ h ^„ amn eni , s high resolu- 
aulysis will mcluite “* value of the 

by ^ 


Applicants should ^Jhemarics and/or 

upper second class honows ^ ^ { ^ ecIr i ca j 

computing. Awtliwuom ftom background in 

neeriag w ph^io Apidieanis should tele- 

S 2170 « 

soon as possible. 

RMeai^*s*^ tships in Ph ^, 

• ocDr.fmriHl oostqraduate Reseaxh 

Research stuaen*s*»i" •** ■ ■ 

SSSwSS* ffiSSS*®®" *■ pt,D 

deyee m 



1.2 ad 3 TERM COURSES 

“M taasemm fee lean le 

Hoe ea4 eat just 

Unsdo«ne courses- oAh wu man 
than msi naMonal sccwbSxi tints. 
Oor scan men ytm an gran 
intensive vocational guvbncs. a 
range ni cwnmenrf sws. cobscs 
In biatnen and mmgcnianL ana 
hands-on m ie nw a m btsmau 
computing ml nom-tamsuto. 

Lansdoume College 
43 Harrtaghu Gvdots, 
LomIob, SW7 4JU. 

Tst 61-373 7282/3/4 


WNdiC— rae?Wte±Caro«r? 

Wbldl OBJfiflCBtiOM? 

fti Huiiote practical ttetn- 
■Ht Md GnMmco avaOaUa ta 
Mg parrots rod ftmg paopta 
tfiscncnl stage, free te odrart; 


jnftO Gloucester Maeo.Wl 
^ J • 01-935 5452 (24 hn] 


PMttt uue 

1-M tateohr samaml Com* 
Htw Eocrira Stamen CMtsc 
Entries Septanber. January and 
Aon I Phase «nw or Btagnooe ftir 

18 Dumavm Start 
g«k Lana, London WIT 3FE 
T aL 01-629 3904 



ProfosioDar writer afliera 
private English and French 
lint ion. AH levels, inten- 
sive. Fulham area. 

01-385 7987 

(•n day). 


Intensive Gregg /Pieman 

rhoriband. typing (elec- 
tronic) and WP. Next course 
Btarta 8 September. 

Frances King: 
Secretarial School 
Tel: 01 937 2243 

ST. COMIC'S cooeqe. London. 
Secrrurul. Business and Lan 
«ua«e Courses. Wortl Processor 
Training. CnqllMt lor Overseas 
Students. Resrieni and DaySw- 
denis Tide Rejasirar CTn. 8 
ArKwnntii Hoad. London NWS 
OAO. TeL- 01-4*5 9831 

courses July. Aug. TMWO In 
Kensington. 01-9a6 2101 

Prep & 



1 Rainbow’s 


a itgiswed private nnrsery 
school in Su John s wood 

opening soon. 

Some vacancies left. 

Call 01-624 0265 

or 01-267 8488. 

Our expert nwiwrffiBg coves 

every aspect of education, &on 
preparatory to fin ahtt g 
yhnah, bgl fiMnU -tO 

We counsd parent ta a 
penmd basis ■ our advice b 
free and objective. 

Trurrn & Km 

THE trow* 1 BtghLEf 
bwcatowl Tiwr.w^ 
wmaa m 6ate iwm» 

(Nil 3LL TELOTW® #1*727 

12*2 miX* 288Mb 

STEPPING stones 


Ftp trendy KMswgmn EfflD*op 
man Agency Need so™ 0 ™ 
, grtth uwaBw 8 pesonabiy to 1 
adrnmsraaon and some tyjrog 
Puoes. oood appominflr Biw" 
tie arerey business. £aa» + 
comm. Utgsw c^i Sfi) 152 
Mnmoe Bee Cons. 



t mmrrmnamtmm 

tjl ra 







We oaranfcritae swwnUOMn- 
lng« n Htu. aowntenu. 


Cmnodun. Magune Pv&- 
Lagaf proteaaioa 

S™ rtSSs# pot» iiMd atari. 

3SSSS1SS 1 w* 

mows* TfapocM Sam. X rou 

\ mum Mw Ivritaf ohms andfe. 

a espy of oir bwouwe fce a*. 
BgeianaK. ’flndgng Tne 
Eiwreict Gap", pwaw art 
Lucy uorana on 

jmz cwsiKimtW’unwM ot 



cioioob Voum*. ucMndir mq 
reaiiimPA Swreun' wun rm- 
nwuidU* amHiiuMi. w 
Crnguso and the -savoir-faire' 
lutnsdi- for cumi roman 
Good skill". Caplial Pnopk- 2*0 
9384 after Tom 7dl nod 

SECRET ART tnarthdnd aged 

25d 0 required By oartner WcM 
L.ia Cnartercd AtrgunUnlt 

Pinkxn rvpmpTUf mvfnrrd 

Too ulay Paid in arrontanre 
vtiili jgr and ncocrtmci- No 
AWOflK 01-580 6822 Mr 


Mi f a wlrnion rf lonirr MM 
In London Sec PA. WC2. uo to 
ti 0.000 Junior wf. W C3. uo 
to C&.OOO Senior PA. SWi . on 
IB ci O.OOO. For thnr and all 
our outer ewlllno mhc \acan- 
rm. ran 0293 78SfOS. 


wo nave anumbfr of \arannrs 
In reunite.. The Church and 
ihparademlt Held If you are In 
tehnird piaese call Evr « O.v 
Srerreum tree com on 828 
8M5 /or an Mfornul cna). 

PROPERTY TO £9,000. PrcMI 
twin U-’J ro. irrlo ongfil loung 
srr i No S hi. A9f 20 26- Su- 
per. (rmdfv people and Mav. 
luppv almtnpnere. Call Kaw 
831 7372 lor more detauv 
Klapuiid IVri. Coik. 

WI Publishina Company, vreet 
lnq author*. arrampng 
rNepUon area, general Mire 
i anal dunes Consider good 
roilrge leaver iULSCiO. 493 
8676 Duke Si. Dec Cons. 

AOVERTtSUM £7.000. Junior 
ucretarv U> aweri creative Di- 
reefor. Litcrpodf S*. Lota of 
ibcnl llanon. ExceUenl career 
opportunity Fast typing. 493 
8676 Duke Si. Roc Cony. 

IT A very competent. 

charmlno wc iin i y vvtthout SH 
lor email, medically connect id 
federauon. txceUenl letephone 
manner. Up to £10000 a at. 
Call Mrs Byzanune. Norma 
Swnp Personnel Services. Ot 
222 8091. (opp St James's Park 

ings only) required lor firm of 
extiiMion oreamsers in Wl 
teorkmp for a Dfrecmr. you 
wtn be invoiced Ut the PR of Itie 
company, helping io erganlse 
garden parties and concerts as 
well as using your secretarial 
shuts tlyptnp SOwpm+1. A fteta- 
Me altitude e. csscnuai. Age 
eari> 20's. Salary r£4.S00. w« 
aHo hate Ollier P.T vacancies. 
U interested pMosc telephone 
Angela Mornmer Ud tRec Const 
029 9686. 

Tvpni 19‘ivh in Knigntsondor 
HQ of overseas co. involved in 
precious niflds and 4UIW16 
are looking (or a versatile leant 
kpirtted person w-Uh accurate 
nmn» Nosttonnand Thev win 
tnarft or odb-nm on Isang 
and telex >oung group wiu be 
supoortri r and leach all aspects 
of ousinesn practices. £.7.000 
iresiew after 3 monUisL fringe 
Benefits Joyce Cnineu Ol 509 
8801 OOIO iHec Const 


CCIOSOO Jom (Me. «veH known 
-company rtoriy connected io 
the teswer indmtry as sec- 
relarv to lh«r personnel officer 
Learn all aspects of recruitment 
and ivuD be encourapeo lo 
study lor Wte IPM 60 worn typ- 
ing am iiiy needed Benefits 
include 6 weeks hoHdav- Please 
telephone Ol 3*0 3511 3631 
■West Ewu or Ol 240 3551 
•CMrL Eiuaneui Hunt Recruit- 
menl ComuJtaiXs. 


Small, unusual museum action 

and PR consultancy need an en 
inuMawc secretary to work 
wllh xhetr M.D. Who will wa 
solve you totally from start in 
brush In Ihefr unpresdve range. 
Of DfOrecN. Busy Interesting 41- 
mosphere for someone wllh a 
lively, outgoing mind, tne abill- 
b lo pnoril&e. 90+shd oO+ 
bP. wp. -O s and r years sec. 
imp. Age OT*. Please call *37 
o032 Hobsloites Rec Corns 

BUIE CWP - cXl 0,000 - The in 
house adv Mr of uus Blue Chip 
Securely Co needs an excellem 
senior secraarv. The wide 
range of iniemananM interests 
provides a birds eye view of In- 
ternal and external aflalrx Full 
secretarial support will ne e* 
sen uai and a next Me and 
mature approach. 100.60 + 
WP emoeraence. Ape 24a- 
Pteasr telephone Angela Morti- 
mer Ud tRec Cons) 629 9686 

to work from bcauMful house in 
BcMpavia for seml-reured 
Chaint-an. S’ou will be ireuied 
very much as “part o* live 
famift- - . Becoming involved in 
both business and personal 
protects- Good secretarial skills 
1 90 50i and a flexible aimude 
ewnliai. Age 2S-4S. Salary to 
£10.000 + free lunch Please 
letepnowr Anneia Moninwr Ud 
i Rec Cons) 629 9686. . 


SW2. Good typing required for 
Iheaire -set designers m 
dapnam. OroamaaUonal sldlh 
and Ute aoniiy lo Higgle several 
ihinos. at once essential Good 
prmperls in a Inefy. wcrhifd 
cornpuny Age 22 28. Salary c 
£8.000. Please call Lucy 
Luivemonoi 581 2977 29qT 

Jane Crosmwaite RecniRmefii 
Omuttinb. 21 Beauchamp 
Place. London Stab. 

To toln a senior executive of a 
famous name firm of Interior 
des»gnCTv no day is ever me 
same; liaise with VIP's, 
organise holidays, social events, 
chauffeurs, res Lam ana and ihP- 
atrr Bookings. ICO 60 mails 
and wp experience needed. Age 
23* Please letepnone Ol 2*0 
3B1I 3551 [West Endi oe Ol 
2403551 fCUyk CHzaoeth Hunl 
Recruumenl Coosuuanis. 

cd with 90 50 and a bright 
nvsqbte personality will enmy 
me -u-HMr atmosphere of inev 
Swi ini Mgmi Oonsuuanu and 
gain invaluable general bust, 
nrv, nantcncc inctoding IBM 
PC and me prospects OJ early 
promotion £7.000 12 annual 
rntrwy + super fringe bens 
Jov-ce Cbntete 01 589 

8807 OOIO tRec Cons). 


£8,000 + 

intemattarul Hotel Glow “e 
seel*® sonwre to rtw lor 
one of thee Diiwora. Good 
admin skills plus conltdem 
peraonahiy am rewnd. Exisk 
lam ooporturaty rof me ngm 

ll 370 1562 Monroe R» Cons. 

SPAM Madrid MartteHo Leoal 
Aastfikmi PA a unuM oppor- 
tunity exists for a personal 
asMSlani lo tne aenier parmer in 
a verv imporfani Madrid based 
snantsh Law Practice ThBptw 
would ideally «UI a single per- 
son who should have tame 
Legal l now ted pc. fluent Spon- 
Ita and English and tame 
knowledge of Trench. German 
and luman ahQ an advantage. 
The MK-retefifl appurant nnghi 
he aged 21 40 with fast short 
hand typing and be pwfwred to 
travel throughout Europe on a 
regular basis. Driving licence 
essential. Salary, together wllh 
addtltonal oeneflia. occommo- 
Hanoi i Mttlsnrr etc very 
aliracilvc and cwnmemunue 
with experience Please reply m 
Lhe llrsi instance In writing with 

phoiugranti. C-V and pereonal 
details lo PurtOUKun Ud. 2dl 
king* rows. Chelsea. London 
SW3 50. 

•ov run 4. heriir dept as autek 
willed PA who h keen to be ip- 
veiled Good IVpino Twenties 
Javuar Cored* ■ SMum Sguare) 
LTD Ol 730 5148 

GRAD/ SEC For personnel and 
admin Mug of famous invest 
menl house C9.000 + cheap 
moribuge A benetlls. Phone Ol- 
&aB98fii Ann Warrington iee 

KNKHfTSBRfDQE Busy estate 
agent* urgently need* 

secretary receptionist. Good 

typing speeds eftw-nriaf Oanlare 

Brombton Lsiaic. on 01-589 

experience especially if you 
speak liuml Swedbh and seek 
responsible PA post. Cl 1. 000. 
Should contact Polysfo! Agency 
for Linguist*. Ol 247 6242 


VvrJ] eduraled person required 
tor wun offices. Victoria Ex- 
perience on Merlin switchboard 
rsb. Salary cC&.OOO. Age 21 k. 
Call 0293 785108 ircc censL 

SENIOR SEC 'JOSOi wllh exre*. 
ienl short nand typing skills lor 
MD W Srandlliav lan company 
wllh luxunous office* ai Vic- 
lana C-Cio.Onx Breakthrough 
Lmp Can* Ol 726 4431 

Organisation wci. 
Sec with audio * WP skifls for 
deputy Director Age open. 
£9.000 Word Aseoctateft 377 

RECEPTIONIST £8,500 lo grace 
lhe palatial offices and greet cli- 
ents of liis exclusive 
Ins rutneni Consultancy whecr 
your amPmO. mnucvIMr pre- 
sentation. excellent phone 

manner and 4Qwpm typ. win be 

highly appreciated. Superb 
working corxUUons and benefits 
In a small friendly com. Age 
19-22. Please rail 457 6032 
Hobktones Rec Cons. 

SWI PA/SBC. £10.000 A 
Cl 1.000+ We need 2 cool, 
calm people to enioy a 
pressurised working environ- 
ment in an expanding Executive 
Search Co. Applicants need 
100 60 * wp exp. logether 
wtfh a sense of humour 1 m me- 
diate stare. Please phone Sally 
Owens 0(1 01 235 8*?7. 

Kmgh anndge- Secretaries, d 
Pant St- London Swi . 

£8-000. Sun your career wim 
im* tnrmeniiat anauiunev 
Carrvlng out a wvdoput rote 
whicn will include creebrcfi. 
you win be involved in 
Parliamentary aenviry and wilt 
be gaining exp in lhe most Inter 
citing PR area. Typing ai 55 
w-pm. WP exp and SH an nuf 
Svnergj-. the mnnunetu con 
suuancy. 01 <&? .9533- 


C8.OO0 neg. Jem iha well 
known Swi company a* s ewe- 
tan- to their publicity and PR 
manager CM very iniohM-m 
marketing- organise and im up 
press nuns; 80 50 utilis and 
WP rkrrrfrnrr needed- Please 
telephone 01 2*0 »tl 3631 
itaes i End) W Ol 2*0 3651 
iCjU v Eurabeth Hunt Recruti 
menl Consultants. 

26 35'tsn able to man an impor 
loot and busy mrtlw area of 
Heiharn Org. ho swiicn or typ- 
ing Wrt educated and 
presented- rvretlMH tMephone 
mrtiim. tots of charm ana -jbrti 
n* u» man it under pre*ai« 
t C9.000 .2 yearly miewgi. 
Cl 30 Li’s per da*'. * weeks 
tab. Hinge bens. Joyce CuIdhs 
Ot 56ft 8807 0010 <R« Com) 

AUDIO PA to Jefn- the 
dynamic MO of this prerogMus 
company and carry out a varied 
role In wMch you win gg your 
inuum e lo lhr fau. wui> your 
own respomiMimes. you will 
- nave an unportani part to play 
and-wiii beanie to make a broad 
conlntHiiion. Typing ai 60 wpm 
rrtfd-Synergy. -the- recruumeM- 
romuliancy. 01-657 9533. 

sought by semor partner of 
West End protaMnal firm. Ate 
sorbing rote combining private 
invoivemeni in cha rules etc 
wiih mgn ouaiity pantcspaiion 
m office raanagrenem. WP. 
shorthand and audio typing re- 
aursiea. Age 20*. Please 
IMeptane 01-493 S787 Cordon 
Vales Consultancy 


CC7.SOO To loin UlB top firm Of 
Wl interior design ecu and oper- 
ate IhMr busy eteclronu: 
swiichboard. Previous expert- 
ettce of a busy board and letex 
atxliiy essential. Please tele- 
phone Ol 240 3511 3631 
i West End i or Ol 240 3661 
■ Cllyi. Elizabeth Hum RecruH- 
metil Consul laa Is. 


£12,000 Our ClieoL a leading 
firm of interior designers, seek* 
a lop PA lo a senior mwruUve. 
Previous director - experience 
ana oO wpm typing essential. 
Please letepnone Ol 2«o 
351 1 3631 iwesa End) or 01- 
240 3561 iCtlyi. EUzabeUi Hunt 
fhKTuummf Corouftanfs, 

IMPRESSMNttT ART - interest- 
ing opening within a leading 
company for young Soc PA to 
Director Varied role Inc wary, 
inn H hotel booking, corre- 
spondence etc. Good shorthand 
ana lywng >tOO 50) essential. 
Age 20+ Salary E7.50O Please 
letepnone 01-493 5787 Gordon 
Yates Consultancy 


Lively personality for interest- 
ing and demanding position. 
Enthusiasm. fnltalitr and 
French 5 H are all (M. French 
M T standard. £1 QlOOO +* 
'Banking benefits) Merrow 
Cmp Agy. iLanguage Spectat- 
klm 01 b3A 1487 

vuxhatl lubej seek an audio 
secretary who eertoys working 
as part oi a team wun full in 
voivemenl.- Baste- French an 
advantage Salary £8600 pa 
* 4 weeks, bob. For interview 
W1 Veronica Lapa 937 6625. 
Ontarom Staff Agency 

seeks good lyptsi. possibly 
school leaver, to learn Word 

Processing 50wpm minimum. 

Ekccttenl working Conditions, 
modern offices and lively young 
l cam. Salary £6£OCi. Tel: 01 
*02 2053. 


Urgently needs Intelligent en- 
ihusiaslic college leaver 

Abillily to work under pressure 
te sense of humour essential, 
immediate sure. To £7.600 pa. 
351 9329 INO Agents) 

FRENCH • DESIGN £7,500. Top 
design company require your 
Jlucnt French (other langs use- 
ful to liaise dally with overseas 
clients- High adminlgi/auan 
coni enl. Typing useful Call 
Hodge RerruHment 629 8863. 

>9 Oos. Manager of InL rransr 
Pb« co. Lois Of rvspOPMlily 
high ung content *ge 23 * 
C8.SOO neg Merrow Emp Agy 
•Language Specalisuj Ol 636 

MATURE SKaarrARY tor chari- 
ly iris Wl Happy 
env iron menl liaising with rar- 
log fraternity Rusty S H 
arrestanlr 4 day week. 
£8.300. 938 2222 I. elites An- 
Oerson Appotolmcnb. 

MMFnowtr / TYPIST re- 
quired by imernabonal 
Coni era nee Orgonisauon. 

Swiktifaoard experience and set- 
reUem telephone maimer 
rouKiiaai. salary A.A E. Can 
Laura on 01 380 0386. 

SEC. M BANKING- e£l0.oaa 
SntaH Qtifch sank tn city req. 
see wild good SH Typ skills 6 
urn- WP Superb perks Include 
mortgage subsidies- Age mid 
»H* Call EiaUte 623 4226 
fcfnoMantf Ares. Cons. 

brokers £7304 Telex opera- 
tor iCheetohk Young bubbly 
person. Good prospects Mease 
nnq Caroline Wrtllnger. Staff 
inuoducikms rec «ns *S6 

NEGOTIATOR IPR or Atfi ntp. 
mean To visit Finance cos. on 
behalf Of rikiU. 26 40 

Cl 0.000 + roiiun. bhori term 
temp, io nerm. Kensington Rec 
Con 938 2151 

Working tor charming mu on 
-Aorts promotion flde Ruuy 
sfiorihano. Aged 2tTs. £9.000 
ACP Rec Cons 01-638 
8967 0680 


Ul.OOO* bonuv-ano ernrnt-. 
Priv.ur vrman lo ayanne lull 

P \ dulH-. tor Board Director of 

i luv |iii“4uii'>ift multinational 
Cmniie minimum of * jearv 
mm«I evpi-neii'e at ventot level 
tv ewiiiut logether wiin excel - 
tenlvnonhand typing skills and 
imnwukite prewnlabon A 
‘■niv r>t humour and an iniemi 
■II line art uirw-a will hHp *e. 
mm vuu Hire rnvlalbr ptedUOCl’ 
Plivise conbKl Linda SfcLcod on 
01 4 SO 3054 FalUltold 


Auriralahnn Tour Otetdon 
.Hid previigtouk Mas-lair Proper 
0 OrqantMiion are noth 
t err liltin') for mature audio » 
retanre. <!o 46) to work In 

lukunoin vurnpunOingv Both 
ronipanm win aCcppi 
IndlvdiuK returning to work 
and me Iruiel rontrm are pre- 
pared lo tram on WP Good 
pM*jgilatiMi and accurate 45 
Ivtnu typing i-ivnllal. JC7.600 
£8600 Pl>vv call Lyn Batrd 
on 01 439 3054 i4J9 0482 after 
6.30 ntn i raiintokl Personnel. 

have a workiuu knowledge Of a 
European language, have WP 
knowledge, (au accurate, typing 
and would like la enter ihr 
inteieMiinj world ot Pop Mine 
pi onmUDn Wis wi Co raukf be 
lor you. A friendly pertonabte 
nature re uwtllial logrtlw with 
me devil e |o uw your own 
Imitative on a dally MB! No 
SH C8 0O5 neg. Age 19* 
Pltvav 1 rail Andrea Oi 629 7838 
Barnett Media 

PROPERTY PA £10.000 prcSU- 
gtou-i Mavfair organhauon 
urgently seekv a pteaatani 
nrganlsi-d and skilled individual 
to aura wiih me veiling up ol a 

new dep,irlmem good typing 
Ullb are neceuary i shorthand 
. and hnanridl piviperty experi- 
ence would he advantageous^. 
Please roniacl Linda McLeod 
O) 439 3054 FailhfOld 



TIOMS lhe. well known Wl 
group are ofiertng an cxreftent 
opportunnv lor a college 
leaver second Jconer <184) 
with preeraon and a vitality lo 

loni lhr. busy team. Acurate 

Ivwnq and a good letepnone 
mamiei a musl £7.500. Piease 
rontart l.mda McLeod 01 439 
3054 FaimioM Personnel. 

WI would like a voting friendly 
wc to work ai Director level. 
You Will grt every cgpcrliinlLy 
Id use your Initiative and you 
mini be able to deal writh clients 
suppliers ctr SH and typing 
essential. Good promotional 
oppert unities 39*. LELSOO 
Please call Andrea Ol 629 7838 
Barnett Media. 

with figures. Financial 
Con um ter SO Secretary Au- 
dio * wp. £9.000. Word 
AMJJCieln 377 6433 


elv of varancies. Phone 01 S8B 
9851 Ann Warrington Sec 

SEC. TO MLD. CC9.000 neg. 
Young design co. in City seek 
srr lb mn their team. 
Audio WP Age mid 2D»+. Call 
Elaine 623 4226 Klngsland 
Per*. Cons. 

£10,000 - £11,000 V. NEG. 
Typbi wiih digital or similar 
computer exp. Banking or 
slock broking background use- 
ful vr s. 23 36. Nemmgion 

Rec Con. 938 2151 

TYPIST £8300 * Vo mort- 
gage. WP experience aacnual. 
Tel: Ol 248 5656 Centre Carl 
Emp. Agy 

£11,000 pa • FLUENT FRENCH. 

InlenuUMMial fashion company, 
shorthand rssenltat. Please ring 
Caroline WaUlnOer Siafl Intro- 
ducuons rec cons Oi 486 6961 

AUDIO SECRETARY £10.000 for 
West End solicitors. Age 20 ■ 
30 Luxury offices. Td- Ol 248 
5666 Centre Girl Emp. Agy 

SECRET ARKS for Architects ft 
Designers. Permanent A tempo- 
rary positions- AMSA Specialist 
Rec Cons. 01 734 0632 

SUPER ADHUH £9,300 II you 
like pern** « d Hat e «*» ^ 
perv hsno experience, “wa um 
Mb is for s ou WBfMiWior a 
team ot Management consul- 
tants. son wlU organise me 
mute and oversee aU wwsm 
— lhe omt to <Wi nmihitate Oooa 
arrurote frding vsaeoUai 24* 
Phone 01 BBS 0065 Mercditn 

seoll Rr-miilmml 

FEEL rWE WO 000 Pomlrt 

Property Company teuuJres J 
snotihand Seeretari wlin 
, mo ul a i-ear to spare lo WI In 
for se, retartes taw lhe*- are 
awov So H Vbu Sort w»l lo ta 
lied down m one too tor we 
prevenu inis could Ito W • an- 
•aver Phw OI SM 1034 
Mrrediift tirou Reeruiliiirnl 

WORLD Of WINE based on Ute 
EMVMlrve Suites of,, , / lK T r ** 1 
Markeilng Co. you will be de«^ 
ing with JM5 >nd M P' 
companies world wtdr MUM be 
cotviMenl to ho» ton m 
Parmer's frrquertf rtKHtce., 
60 SOwpm Age 
Phone 01563 1034 MeredHh 
t>nnl Recruumenl 


this busy Exec Recruitment dre 

panmeni wHl *K» you lots el 
ctienr contact «« uanUtom 
bason looeuwr with office 
admin. Fad aeejtrale lygmg 
' needed. No Mwrinand 21 + 
£8.500 Phone 01-683 0055 
MerediUi scotl RecnUlmenl 

£8X00 Hein organise Press. Oi 
fire. 4 be responoble for 
promotions and sponsershlp oi 

well known Group- Great op- 
portunity for mitiustasuc 
sccTPlary ( 60 50 l Jaygar Ca- 
reers i Stoane So ) LTD Oi 730 


£10,000 Lie your “creative 
hi pul to prepare cuenl reports to 
busy LS ro. Ability to schedule 
own workload + inr tniuuve 
easenlial. Crewlraln on Macin- 
tosh Pius Paint Draw Call 
Hodge Recrultmcirt 629 8863. 

- opportunity for' a bright wen 
ud-ra person lo team our 
business in South h'enOnfllon. 
Typing required. Tel: Emma 
Bnallte on 01-370 6053 tO 
Born) OT 01-381 9410 1630 

PRESS a. PlIBUCrrY Direclor or 
large romnany m Swi needs 
weft ^resettled secretary with 
HO 55 + audio lo work with 
him Busy lively tot> eJaJSOO + 
free travel a. mccetlenl benetlls. 
Breakthrough Emp Conk Ol 
726 4431 

STOCftBROKDtG: PresJlgr Cttv 
Firm secr-elary sn + WP. 
Cb.OOO Ward AMonatcs 377 

TRAVEL Co: Marketing Sec. 
80 50. hivotvement A custom- 
er liaison. £8.000 + Perks. Call 
Natalia. TEX) Agy. 01-736 9857 

lary wi C7.50O Merrow Emp. 
Agy i Language Specious O Ol 
636 1487 . 

MUSIC CO. Seeks an Admin See. 
W P or Computer wp useful. 
£8.000*. Call Natalia. TED 
Agy Ol 736 9857 

PA SEC to Mnonnl Team In EDO. 
Lots of vanru + sh. Early 20's. 
To £9.500 Wood ho use Rec 
Cons 01-404 4646 

E9 £6.200 Training given. 
Language Staff Any 458 8922. 

glish SH 27* £12.000. 

Language Staff Agy 455 8922 

- rtxrrvabon clerk- £7.600. Lan- 
guage Staff Agy *55 8922. 

SH. 2nd Jobber. £10.000. Lan 
guage Stair Agy * 6b 8922. 


TO £0.80 P.H. 

We have a constant demand for 
Secretaries/WP, SH/Audio Secretaries, T< 
phone/Receptionist and CterK/Typists. 

We have particular demand for Legal WP Op- 
erators; Wang OIS/OA. Rank Xerox 880 and 
IBM Dtsptaywrfter. 

For more information please -call Laura on 

01-242 0785. 

r Personnel 
I Appointments Wr 

B5 Aktaycn. London VC2B 4JF. Tdl: 01-242 07B5 

CMhra. ang. sanded). 


background. POMDve petsonai- 
Hy and 24+? Consul lan b 
1 needed lor 2-3 mourns coo trad 
with a view to permonenev for 
our expanding secretarial and 
bankinu romtuiunctes dlacfno 
staff in permanent Mbs. 
£15.000* package. Call Lyn 
Cecil Secretaries Plus on 439 

BEGIN NOW Excitingly busy 
with W.P S H. audio and copy 
bookings in lhe Media. Current 
Affairs. Business World and 
Nan-Commercial. Tap Rates. 
Cm ml Carden Bureau. 110 
Fleet SL EC4 353 7696. . 


e. mins W London £168J5pw 
Unk AppCs 846 9743. 

Creme De La Creme 


A nsfKnttible and dhese Ckvt- 
sno with exontiw admWs' 
tratm ExceUenl short hand and 

s P »entHp , f»arted 
denefic and knunous otfidns. 
Tel JUa 406 1117 Mstpresbge 
Rec Cons. 25 Smith Uofton 
area wi. 



£ 9,000 

Genuine opponunii)- to get 
io ihe icpof ibis >oung 
expanding ad agency. Must 
be otganned and confident io 
look after diems and arrange 
fiuicuons. Good sec slaUs 

Please phone Nicola 
01 602 3012 
Stafiplan Rec Cons 

19 + £ 9,500 

EmhusiaKk 2nd jobber to 
italic wiih ad agencies. Full 
mining on graphics and IBM 
WP. Accurate stilt and 
admin ability arc prerequi- 
sites in ibb inincuing 
poanon offering exaHkrm 
prospects and benfOu. 

Call Dee Sinumnie 
01 240 5211 

Stafiplan Rec. Cons 


Far BrgjW young Secretary wfth 
excdlem typing to wort tor nenr 
irtematroraf cotporjirai in SWi. 
Shorthand an advanage but not 
essentaL Wi tram onto WP. Sal- 
ary package dependent on age. 
and expenemx- 

01-734 3351 


Ma na gement Consultants 

seek young Secretary who 
has enBiusam aid energy 
to work on presentation 
tor International Com- 
pany. Admi n content 
varied and totgre^Bm, 
Age 19+. 

Meredith Scott 

17 Fktt Sr, iroAn EC4Y IAA 



Experienced recruitment 
person required for excit- 
ing opportunity to /www 
agency for cooks as off- 
shoot of wbII established- 


Ate you an Ai candidate with 
100,'BQ S/H lypng. Maig io on 
no Ufida. Jon tbs hoc Sties 

Daptitnum. An euxlen CiALEGE 
uL Ptone 

t£A5CT **S be ansiaotd. 

may la mmcGue omvat mtt 
Hamei Gabb 01 439 3301 
M&qsrtbee Ret Core. 54 ftegert 
St tonflodWI 


For immediate 


01-439 060 L 






Our dent e one of Europe's 
ml suxsssful and fastest ex- 
pamfno food gmas and 
ham ntaned us u hnd a 
bh/nguti. loyal and 
semitiy for one gi ttutir semor 
oecubws. The jab unS be Iwad 
just wteric Dussekloit IM krter- 
huo mV be conducted m 
London. Sbonhand n Goman 
and EngUi nffl be needed but 
equaly important wffl be your 
abAy to speak confldendy 

acmss cortawnts - padciMrty 


to New Yock. Benefits ndede 
days holiday. Age Z3+. 

174 lew B«M St, Wl 


Leading firm specialising in executive recruit- 
ment requires a secretary 19-22. 

Excellent opportunity to join small friendly 
team, plenty of scope for involvement and Ini- 
tiative. Suit second jobber. 60/90 skills and WP 

Starting salary £7,500. 

Contact: Kate Caunt 
Reman & Co., 

23 SL James’s Square, London SWI. 

01-839 7384 


Computer Graphics, Wl 

As an expanding company our M.D. requires an 
intelligent selfstarter with drive & initiative for 
an exciting operation within a highly pressurised 
sales environment to help with the marketing. If 
you have a similiar background, can work under 
pressure, have a knowledge of the computer 
industry, can arrange exhibitions, write PR and 
enjoy hard work then the sky is your only limit! 
We are a young and enthusiastic team and will 
offer a salary of up to £12,000 p.a. Aged 25+. 

Phone: Ann Hall on 01-486 4667 



£9,500 neg 

Dynamic Saks Manager oT 
Urn prestigious ifuernaiional 
firm of Management Consul- 
tants requires ■ lively PA/ 

Secretary wiih Wang expert- 
mate ms 

cnoc to co-on) mate his busy 
and varied trariikiad which 
includes plenty or client Ini- 
son. No shorthand necessary. 
Excellent working condi- 
lions. Age mid 20's. 

Fleur tdepbooe Ttan Cnker 

01-930 5733 



£8,000 ++ 

Our efiam a leader in the 
Sports Promotion field is 
looking for a cheerful, enthu- 
siastic and gregarious sec- 
retary to |mn tbetr team. 
There is plenty of involve- 
ment, organising and attend- 
ing major sporting events - if 
yrn have skills of at least 
80/5 0 aid would Bee to be- 
come part ol a young and 
happy team img os now on 

01-499 6566 

Ol 631 154Tliec-Cons 

Price 0<m\esov\\ 

| - ~ AftorfnerMtri 



Secretary (English mother 
tongue): age 21+ to absorb- 
ing. responsible pto m Anglo- 
French organisation. Good 
SH/Typmg-. goad organising 
ability: able to deal confi- 
dently with tofHevel intar- 
natkmal personalities. 

£9,500 puL 

01-370 5066. 


OP TO £650 PJL 

Wa raw i Median at enfting 
temp boolms for seiwr sh/audm 
ates wnh ito/fiO + WP op. 


tna’iAYVfrarER/fflM PC/W- 
JtNi or prafemnnal team today) 

ON 01-33S 8427. 



c. £8,500 

Ready for a new challenge? 
Here Is a great chance for 
young shorthand secretar- 
ies to join major Advertising 
Company enjoying the new 
business boom. Advertising 
experience not essentia! but 
WP wouM be a help. 


351 W06 


Covent a 


TIORnelSinW EC4 



Mary Fox Linion Lid 

requires a 

rcceptionisiy secretary for 
iheir office in Chelsea. 
This vacancy would suit 
a college leaver with 
good typing to work jn 
this lively inierior design 
company. Please 

Mini Cbeales on 

01 351 0273 

for more details. 



who won't 
be typecast 



' to £8,700 1 

Join this famous name publishing house as 
secretary/administrator to their divisional di- 
reclor. Only 40% secretarial, 60/5 0 skills 
needed for the rest You should be a good 
administrator able to organise his busy of- 
fice. Previous WP experience needed. Excel- 
lent benefits. 

For temporary work please contact Fiona. 

Elizabeth Hunt Recruitment Consultants 

k 2-3 Bedford Sheet London WC2 01-240 3511 J 



— ■ ■ ■ 

/VtvBuwH awtt vfwDBw cay is doting down? Ttegiwsogws 
US La* Hrm need sh nonn <mti BsaBM 

ut MWidt ot a l rials & wtri procatiia. 
limm idem donna tbentnttQ. & 
(nod - BxreUort rates). 

SH secnaiy 

a Drown support tutter 

hours psi MMk+OMnmB 

Call - 588 5081 


Experienced Secretary for busy young 
Agency. Excellent shorthand/typing essen- 
tial, previous advertising agency experience 
usefiiL Salary a-a.e. 

Tel: Julie on 01-631 1388 

. . (No Agencies) 


- £11,000 - 

Unqia opponunty Id become the Uson person mdwt this 
compua department ol a pUAhiog firm. Best silted to a 
technically mnded adwduai who can also prorate some 
seoefanal smport (no shonhaivQ and has a flag tor trouble 

Can - 588 5081 


You are a successful PA/Secretery toakm lor pfomonon. You emoy 
Out 40 year oU UO manages the 

company. He 

you lot 50% - so the 

i a tty rote m a small team. Qu ‘ 

. deng European HO of a US _ _ . 

needs you stills 50% of Hie time. Ira team ne 

a s toneo. _ . 

me and 11 M yon more - Set Spadmaa (01) SM B84Z. 
Salary £10.000 pa. 

(No Agencies) 


A world famous company 
with magnificent offices ui 
Victors need your livety 
personalty to welcome via- 
tors and handle a 

switchboard with 


There win also be some typ- 
ing. Hours 10am to 6pm. if 
you have toe style to repre- 
sent a major company, cab 
us now. 

of Bond St. 

Recruitment Con Sulla n a 

ta ib. ta* B» to fumoCol 
BI-«S (204 


Organise the monerous so- 
da! event toffs diems of 
Mayfair Property Partner, 
and be respoisble for tin 
department secretaries. 
Mtramal use ot skills ind 
shorthand: To 35 years. 

Meredith Scott 


17 pint Si. LmAm EC4Y IAA 

ta oi-su lou/oass 


Tits successful commercial 
Revision company hi SWI 
has an interesfmg opportwwly 
for an ambtms competent 
persot to work in their Interna- 
tional sales office. The 
preferred age is 13+ wah a 
100/50 strarthand/typmg and 
some knowledge of WP. An- 
other language is desnabto. 
Has is an excellent opportu- 
nrty to make a career m this 
industry. Please phone for im- 
mediate interview: 

SteSa Fry Ud. (Bee Cons) 
30 Fleet Use. 
Leads* EC4 

HI 236 BB89. 





Ova us a ring or visit tovefy 
Covent Garden at lunch tme and 
pop m to see us ai 
Joan Tree. 

His a the ideas environment to 
pick up (tie most interesting and 
stmxilating temporary assign- 
ments at the best rates. 

01-319 asm . 



An experienced audio secre- 
tary wnh ncelleni typing 
speed/accuracy and pmera- 
bl> wiih professiunai/rman- 

riat expcrwin: ingcnily re- 
sd for Mam 

quired for Managing Director 
of prapefiy/finance services 
group- Modem friendly office 
io Baiter Stmt area. This is 
not a glamour job but if you 

are enthusiastic, imrlligent 

and prepared to work 
you will be rewarded with 
above average salary. 

Please phone Debbie on 

01 935 2382. 


EMeDoii opportunity for 
ambitious second jobber to 
become fully involved aod 
progress to Junior Account 
Exeivii vc rote. Shook) have 
good skills for minimal use. 
Ring Samm y 

01 626 5283 

Staffjpba Rec Cons- 

• 12 K. ftarr opportunity to 
progre^A. into a ttorvannoi miq a 
per soilin') rolf wuhiti prt~Ji 
qious Cnv Biokns Good audio 
siilK uould suiiK-e. along wun 

I’xrriintu spcfi-unal nprfHWr 

2S 30 Call Carmel timonnel 
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Jul>'6: Dr John Clayton bad the 
honour of being received by The 
Queen at Windsor Castle ibis 
morning upon relinquishing bis 
appointment as Apothecary to 
the Household at Windsor and 
to the Household of Queen 
Elizabeth The QueeD Mother at 
Royal Lodge. 

Mr Kenneth Bailey bad the 
honour of being received by The 
Queen when Her Majesty deco- 
rated him with the Royal Vic- 
torian Medal (Silver). 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Marts 
Phillips this afternoon attended 
a Polo Match at Cirencester 
Park Polo Club and afterwards 
presented the Cup to the win- 
ning team. 

By command of The Queen, 
the Earl of Airlie (Lord 
Chamberlain) was present at 
Gaiwick Airport. London today 
upon the departure of The 
President of the Federal Repub- 
lic of Germany and Freifrau von 
Waizsacker and bade farewell to. 
Their Excellencies on behalf of] 
Her Majesty. 

July 5: The Prince Edward. 
Chairman of The Duke of] 
Edinburgh's Award 30th 
Anniversary Tribute Project, 
this afternoon attended an 
Activities Weekend at CalshoL 
Hampshire and in the evening 
attended a Dinner at the Poly- 
gon Hotel. Southampton. 

His Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by Her Majesty's Lord- 
Lieutenant for Hampshire 
(Lieutenant-Colonel Sir James 
ScOlfc Blj. 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 
July 5: Princess Alice Duchess 
of Gloucester. Colonel-in-Chief. 
The King's Own Scottish Bor- 
derers. today accepted the Free- 
dom of Ettrick and Lauderdale 
on behalf of the Regiment at 
Scott Park. Galashiels. 

Dame Jean Maxwell-Scott 
was in attendance. 

July 5: The Duke of Kent, 
President of the All England 
Lawn Tennis Club, accompa- 
nied by the Duchess of Kent, 
was present this afternoon at the 
Championship Meeting at 
Wimbledon and for the 
presentation of the challenge 
trophies to the winners. 

Captain Michael Campbell- 
Lamerton and Miss Sarah Par- 
tridge were in attendance. 

July 6: The Duke of Kent, 
President of the All England 
Lawn Tennis Club, accompa- 
nied by the Duchess of Kent, 
was present this afternoon at the 
Championship Meeting at 
Wimbledon and for the 
presentation of the challenge 
trophies to the winners.This 
evening Their Royal Highnesses 
attended the Champions' dinner 
at the Savoy HoteL 

Sir Richard Buckley and Mrs 
Alan Henderson were in 

July 6: Princess Alexandra and 
the Hon Angus Ogilvy this 
afternoon attended the Finals of 
the All England Lawn Tennis 
Club Championship Meeting at 

Clifford Longley 

Sexual symbolism at the altar 

The sexual analogy for God's 
relationship with humanity - 
the central idea proposed by 
Cardinal Willebrands to the 
Archbishop of Canterbury in 
pressing his objections to 
women priests - is an awkward 
point for the church to negoti- 

The trouble with male- 
female imagery in 1986 is that 
actual relationships between 
real men and real women have 
yet to settle in a new mould, 
and generalizations about 
them are unreliable. That does 
not disprove the cardinal's 
point; indeed it makes it more 
difficult to refute. 

The Hebrew Bible uses the' 
bride-bridegroom image for 
God's relationship with Israel, 
and the New Testament for 
Christ's relationship with the 
church. The argument against 
women priests employs both 
metaphors. In both cases what 
is being referred to is dearly 
something other than the con- 
temporary idea of an equal 
symmetrical power-sharing, 
inter-changeable marriage 

The feminist word for that 
earlier model is patriarchy, 
and the feminist goal is to 
stamp it oul Nevertheless 
their battle is not yet won. 
And it is by no means certain 
that the final pattern to 
emerge from foe present fluid- 
ity of marriage will match that 
fashionable ideal The conser- 
vative model still exerts its 
power, not least among newly- 

Mystics have often em- 

ployed sexual imagery too to 
describe poetically their sense 
of God as a lover. St Theresa’s 
moment of ecstacy is the most 
famous example. Mystical 
writing sometimes has foe 
flavour of love poetry, some- 
times much more than a 
flavour, and there is a strange 
resemblance between mysti- 
cism and eroticism, even foe 
wilder and darker side ofiL 

Some spiritual disciplinary 
practices seem to belong to the 
literature of sado-masochism. 
But mystical references to 
male-female imagery would 
not be at home in The- 
Guardian's Women's Page. 
The “mate" element, the di- 
vine prindple in foe mystical 
parallel, is aggressive, pene- 
trating, active; the “female”, 
foe human soul, is passive, 
receptive, even wanting to be 
ravished and abused. 

Feminism would have it 
that all those images of sexual- 
ity are no more than condi- 
tioned reflexes from centuries 
of male power and privilege. 
They may be, but the conclu- 
sion cannot so far be said to be 
certain. The ideological trap is 
that people see what ideology 
tells them to see. 

It tefis them that males and 
females are the same; that 
there is an underlying tnilh in 
foe androgynous levelling of 
sexual roles, behaviour and 
appearance that was advanced 
in the bisexual sixties. It does 
not let them see what is 
obvious at foe average sum- 
mer bus queue: foal girts still 

dress prettHy, with an instinct 
to attract by vulnerability, and 
dream of Prince Charming, 
while weddings and small 

And what is foe meaning of 
a recent chat-show consensus 
among several celebrated 
modem and liberated young 
females, that power and au- 
thority in a man is a most 
potent aphrodisiac? Match 
point to Cardinal 
Willebrands, perhaps. 

If those supposedly atavistic 
male-female role models are 
so enduring, it may be because 
there is a substantial dement 
of nature in them, after all, 
and foal foe role analogue to 
male-female is active-passive, 
contrary to foe enlightened 
convention of the age. 

In that case, each proposed 
extension of sexual equality 
would have to be proved on its 
merits. That would be a severe 
blow to the case for female 
ordination, which relies heavi- 
ly on the argument from 
analogy with other profes- 
sions, and on what general 
society has come to accept as 
foe right principle of sexual 

If a priest were a function- 
ary, one who just happened to 
do certain things, there would 
be no reason why the function 
could not be discharged as 
well by a woman. But if the 
priest were a unique and 
central part of the 
incamational machine of 
grace and salvation which is 
called foe church, and if grace 

and salvation are similar in 
some mysterious and pro- 
found way to sexual feeling (as 
foe mystics testify), then the 
maleness or femaleness of foe 
priest would hardly be irrele- 

That is to suppose many 
things, including many things 
which the Church of England 
does not suppose about itself. 
But many individual priests 
do: they fed their long-term 
cure of souls to be a drama of 
subtle spiritual wooing, weav- 
ing their web to catch their 
prey, foe coy and fickle souL 
to lead it gently or roughly to 
its surrender and abandon- 
ment in foe divine mercy. 

By analogy, foe soul is foe 
female in foe courtship; wait- 
ing: God, the pursuer and 
lover, is foe male, seeking 
union. The climax of foe 
drama is in the Eucharist, 
where foe activity of the 
sacrament meets the passivity 
of the soul, and one invades 
foe other. The liturgy is thus a 
dance in which male courts 
and catches female. 

That poses foe question: 
may a woman stand surrogate 
for that maleness, without 
emptying the symbolism of its 
potency? If foe relationship 
between God and humanity is 
a love affair, and foe Eucharis- 
tic rite is its primary symbol, 
foe sex of the principle agent 
of foe rite is significant That 
at least seems to be what 
Cardinal Willebrands sweetly 
invites foe Church of England 
to consider. 



Birthdays today 

Baroness Airey of Abingdon, 67; 
the Earl of Ancram, 41: Sir John 
G.N. Brown, 70; M Pierre 
Cardin. 64; Mr Mark Carlisle, 
QC. MP, 57; Lord Denman. 70; 
Mr Charles Dyer, 58; Dr Rae 
Gilchrist. 87; Sir John Hediey 
Green borough. 64; Rear- Ad- 
miral J.S. Grove, 59; Lieuten- 
ant-General Sir lan Harris. 76; 
Mr Tony Jacfclrn. 42; Mr 
Hamish Maclnncs. 56; Lord 
Mais. 75; the Earl of Mansfield, 
56: Mr Gian Carlo Menotti. 75; 
Mr Jon Pertwee, 67; Mr Philip 
Reeves, 55: the Hon Sir Steven 
Runciman. CH. 83; Sir Kelvin 
Spencer. 88; Mr Ringo Starr, 46; 
Sir Adam Thomson. 60; Sir 
Richard TumbulL 77: Admiral 
Sir Frank Twiss. 

Mr CR- Castellanos 
and Miss SJD. Stephens 
The engagement is announced 
between Carlos, son of Mr and 
Mrs R- Castellanos, of El Sal- 
vador. and Suzanne, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Richard Stephens, 
of RedhilL Surrey (formerly of 
Kuwait and Abu Dhabi). The 
marriage will take place on 
August 16, in Mexico City. 

Mr N-D. Poole 
and Dr AJL Orr-Ewing 
The engagement is announced 
between Nigel younger son’ of 
Mr and Mrs Douglas Poole, of 
Hitchin. Hertfordshire, and Ali- 
son. younger daughter of Mr 
and Mrs John Orr-Ewing. of 
Wye, Kent. 

Mr NJ. Edwards 
and Miss LJVf. Cole 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas John, son of 
Mr and Mis Philip Edwards, of 
Newton Ferrers, Devon, and 
Lyndis, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Gilbert. Cole, of Shackleford, 

Signor G. Severgnlni 
and Slgnorina O. Marazzi 
The engagement is announced 
between Giuseppe, elder son of 
Signor Angelo and Signora 
Carla Severgnini. of 7 via Ponte 
Furio, Crema. Italy, and 
Ortensia, youngest daughter of 
the Count and Countess 
Marazzi, of 14 via Fortunato 
Marazzi. Crema, Italy. The mar- 
riage will take place in Cappella 
di Villa Marazzi, Palazzo 
Pignano, Italy, on July 16. 

Mr R. Gould 
and Miss K. Could rey 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert Gould, of Mel- 
bourne, Australia, son of Major- 
General and Mrs J.C. Gould, of 
Uckfield. Sussex, and Kath- 
erine. elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs JA. Couldrey, of Nairobi, 

Mr DJ. Wallingford 
and Miss MA. Smith 
The engagement is announced 
between David, son of Mr and 
Mrs John Wallingford, of 
Basingstoke, and Madeline, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs S. 
Smith, of Ringwood, Victoria. 

Mr R.L.O. Fyffe 
and Miss VJVt. Macnab 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at St Andrew's Epis- 
copal Church, St Andrews, Fife, 
of Mr Richard Fyffe. twin son of 
Mr and Mrs Laurence Fyffe, of 
Corsindae, Sauchen, Aberdeen- 
shire, and Miss Virginia 
Macnab. elder daughter of The 
Macnab and foe Hon Mrs 
Macnab of Macnab, of West 
Kilmany House, Cupar, Fife. 
The Rev T.B. Fyffe officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by John Robb. Rory 
McMullen, Lucy Fleming, Miss 
Caroline Baxter, Miss Katie 
Macnab. Miss Henrietta John- 
ston and Miss Belinda Weir. Mr 
David Fyffe was best man. 

A reception was held at foe 
home of foe bride and the 
honeymoon will be spent in 

Mr CJLC. Heston 
and Miss S A. Radford 
The engagement is announced 
between Clive, youngest son of 
Mr Leonard Hextnn. MBE and 
Mrs Eileen Hexton, of Isfield. 
Sussex, and Susan, only daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs Terence 
Radford, of Fleet. Hampshire. 

Mr JJf.M. Webb 
and Miss Y. Takebayashi 
The engagement is announced 
between James Hugh Marshall 
younger son of Lieutenant- 
Colonel and Mrs J.M. Webb, of 
Oswaldkirk, York, and Yasuko, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Eiji 
Takebayashi, of Tokyo. 

Mr H.ILG. Cotterell 
and Miss CS. Beckwitb-Smitfa 
Prince Andrew and Miss Sarah 
Ferguson attended the marriage 
on Saturday at Holy Trinity, 
Rudgwjck, Sussex, of Mr Hairy 
Cotterell, eldest son of Sir John 
and Lady Council, of Garnons, 
Herefordshire, and Miss Caro- 
lyn Beck witb-Smith, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mis John 
Beckwifo-Smith. of Maybanks 
Manor, Rudgwick, Sussex. The 
Rev T. Charles and foe Rev 
•Kenneth Oliver officiated. 

Dr D.H. Mdlor 
and Dr YJL Ng 
The engagement is announced 
between David, son of the late 
Mr and Mis Hany Mellor, of 
Huddersfield. Yorkshire, and 
Yin Khow, eldest daughter of 
Mrs K.G. Ng and the late Dr 
W.H. Ng, of Great Sbelford. 


Mr CM. Parkin 
and Miss JJE- King 
The engagement is announced 
between Michael only son of 
Mrs Marie Shipway, of Radletl 
Hertfordshire, and the late Mr 
Tom Parkin, of Bishop's 
Siortford, Hertfordshire, and 
Joanna, elder daughter of Mrs 
Joan King, of London. N2, and 
the late Mr John King, of Elms 
Parra, Wimbish, Saffron Wal- 
den, Essex. 

Mr D-M. Peebles 
and the Hon Annabel Elton 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at St Michael’s. Sutton 
Bonington, of Mr Donald Pee- 
bles. eldest son of Mr and Dr 
RA. Peebles, and the Hon 
Annabel Elton, eldest daughter 
of Lord Ehon and Anne lady 
Elion. The Rev Simon House 
officiated, assisted by the Rev 
Arthur Clarke. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by foe Hon Jane Elton 
and the Hon Lucy Elton. Mr 
Philip Whalley was best man. 

A reception was held at 
Sutton Bonington Hall and the 
honeymoon will be spent 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Alexander Rory and 
Charlotte Aitkcn, Wentworth 
and Lucy Beaumont, Matthew 
Comani. William Keighley, lan 
Napier, Sophie Goodhew, Tara 
Millboom, and Tessa Goodhew. 
Mr Johnny Becher was best 

A reception was held at foe 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon will be spent 

Mr CJL Caminada 
and Miss CJL Sam nelson 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. July 5, at St Peter's 
Church. Ugley, of Mr Charles 
Caminada, only son of the late 
Mr and Mrs Jerome Caminada, 
and Miss Claire Samuelson, 
younger daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Peter Samuelson, of Ugley Hall 
Ugley, Essex. The Rev Brian 
Green officiated, assisted by Mr 
C.P. Jennings. 

Mr DJ. Wakefield 
and Miss CJ).C Ingflby 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday at All Saints, Ripley, 
Yorkshire, of Mr David Francis 
Wakefield, eldest son of Mr FJL 
Wakefield, of Ogston Hall 
Higham. Derbyshire, and foe 
late Mrs Wakefield, of 
Ravenshead, Nottingham, and 
Miss Caroline Diana Colvin 
Ingilby, elder daughter of foe 
late Major Sir Joslan Ingilby and 
Diana Lady Ingilby. of Ripley 
Castle. Harrogate, North York- 
shire. The Rev Kenneth 
McAlister officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her brother. Sir 
Thomas Ingilby, was attended 
by Sally Wallace. Sarah and 
Anne Wakefield, and Nicola 
Kerrigan. Mr John Martin 
Robinson was best man. 

A reception was held at foe 
home of foe bride and the 
honeymoon will be spent in 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Lucy Young. 
Sophie Crouch. Amelia Beau- 
mont. Emma Buxton, and 
James Wighunan. Mr Andrew 
Johnson was best man. 

A reception was held at foe 
home of foe bride, and foe 
honeymoon is being spent 

Mr RJ. Hilliard 
and Miss HA. Crone 
The marriage took place at St 
•Ann’s Church, RainhiH on July 
5. between Mr Raymond John 
Hilliard and Miss Hillari Anne 
Crone, who are both serving 
with foe Royal Air Force in 
Berlin. The Rev Noel Michell 

and Miss D-M. Hart 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, July 5, at St Peter and 
St Paul’s Church, Bard well, 
Suffolk, of Mr Stephen Mark 
Over, son of Mr and Mis D.R.L. 
Over, of Glebe Paddock. Great 
Saxham. and Miss Davina May 
Han, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
P.R. Hart, of The Old Rectory, 
Sapiston. The Rev Douglas 
Stitch and Deaconess Sally 
Fogden officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by her sistets Tessa 
and Natalie Hart Mr Peter 
Owen was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
Angel Hotel, Bury St Edmunds, 
and foe honeymoon will be 
spent in foe Algarve. 

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BLACKETT on 20fh June lo Flora Owe 
Balm and Jeiry. a son Hanrv. broth- 
er for Tom. All simply marvellous. 

BO OT I ■ M AN - on July 4U» ai ihe Jer- 
sey Maternity Hospital, to Anne Ut4e 
PhllOl and Clive, a son. 

BtMLER • on June 25Ut. to Monika 
(n& vertooouhHl and Michael, a 
daughter. Alexandra Elena Laura. 

COURTNEY - On -50th June. 1986 to 
Susan mee Wood! and Oliver, a son. 
Daniel Roland. 

CftEAN - On 3rd July In BHgtilon. lo 
Jane tnec Carter) and Ernest, a son. 
Fin lan Joseph, a brother for KIrran. 
Rachel and Brendan. 

HUNTING - On June 38th to Pamela 
and Peter, a daughter. Annabel (e 
Pamela, a sister to Lindsay John and 
half-sister to Seirany. 

KEYZAff - On 3rd July, to Caroline 
and Gavin, a daughter. Gabrietle 
Florentine, a Sfcter for Sophie and for 
Nkoiene. Luanda and Rupert. 

PERCY - On June 30 th lo Side m*e 
Kotford-Walker) and Humphrey, a 
soil ChlNWPfter James. 

VAN ZELLER - on July 4U1 to Emma 
in<e ward Jones) and Nick, a son. 


28th. at St. Andrew’s Church. Curry 
Rivet. Somerset. Patrick Barnwell lo 
Barham PesteU. The Rev. John 
Simpson offlctaied. 

GRANTHAM : GOLD - The marriage 
look place In Beverley on 20th June 
between Mr Henry Albert Grantham 
and Miss Anna Barbara Cold. 

CPHEMRi DONZOW On 5U> July at 
Parramatta. Sydney. Australia. Mi- 
due] Joseph CHeWr. son of Mr 
Patriot O'Hehlr of Canley Vate and 
Christina Angela Donzow. daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Peter Donzow of 


BALL - On June 30th. 1986. Arthur 
Leslie Hitter of Prince. Croft and 
BalL Bournemouth. Dearly loved 
husband of Pat and father of Jackie, 
who will be sadly mimed by Ms 
many friends and diems. Funeral 
Service at Punshon Memorial 
Church. Exeter Road. Bournemouth 
cm Monday. July 7U« at 2.00 pm. fol- 
lowed by Private cremation. Family 
flowers only . please but donations, as 
desired, for the N3.P CC. may be 
sent lo Harry Tomes Ltd. FJ0.. 31-33 
Tower Road. Boscombe. Bourne- 
mouth. Tel. 0202-34340. 

BUCKLEY - Honor. Suddenly on July 
5th at SL George's Retreat. Burgess 
Hill: loved sister at Rosemary. 

DAVES on June 28U1 Frank, husband 
of Uie late Freda and dear father of 
Tony and GilL Thank sgi v i ng Service 
for both our parents. CMpptno 
Campden Parish Church, noon. 7Th 
August- Donations II desired lo 

DAVIS - On July 2nd. 1986. peaceful- 
ly. Arthur WllHam. aged 94 years, 
formerly of Buckiebury village. 
Berkshire. Father of George and 
Frances. Cremation private. Burial 
of Ashes and Thanks^ ring Service 
at Sf: Mary’s Church. Bucklcowy on 
Thursday. July I Oth at 3.00 pm. 

HEYLAND - On 3rd July, peacefully tn 
hospital with his family around him. 
Colonel Arthur Desmond Rowley 
rtate Suffolk Rest and LA.). Adored 
husband of Peggy, lining father of 
Stole. Michael and SaUte and much 
loved grandfather- Private cremation 
for family only and Memorial Ser- 

. rice at 2-30 pm on Wednesday. 9th 
juiy at SL Mary's Church. Bures. 
Family flewere and - if wMied. 
donation* to me Cancer Research 

KERSHAW - His Honour. Phntp 
Kershaw, dear husband of Micttaeta 
and loved father of Michael and Al- 
thea. on 1st July 1986. 

r. On 4th July 1986 peace, 
fully at his home Vicarage Collage. 
Brockham Green. Rupert Douglas 
adored husband of Vera, darling dad- 
dy of Susan and Jane and loving 
mumpa of Susannah. Stuart and Sa- 
rah. Funeral service al Christ 
Church. Brockham Green on 
Wednesday the 9Ut July at 2.30 Pm 
followed by private cremation. Run- 
Uy flowers only please but donations 
If desired lo The Marie Cune Foun- 
dation. c/o Sherlock and Sons. 
Trellis House. Dorking. 

LEACH -On July 4Ui. 1986. peacefully 
at SEOwtangtaf! Nursing Home. Lily 
trice Hobson), wife of the late Chubb, 
beloved mother of Bill and Felicity 
and dearly loved grandmother of 
Fiona. Lucinda. Sherard. Serena. 
Charles and Tania. Funeral Service 
at All Saints Church. Newmarket. 
Tuesday. July 8Ui at 10-50 am. 

LEOPARD - On July 4th. Nigel How- 
ard. aged 42. Beloved second son of 
Hal and Peggy. Lower Kim barton nr 
Leominster. Herefordshire and 
dearest brother of Gillian. Roger and 
Adrian. Funeral Service al Golden 
Green Crematorium (West Chapel) al 
1230 pm on Wednesday. July 9th. 
No flowers by request but donations 
In Ms memory. If desired, by cheque 
to St. Mary’s Hospital Medical 
SchooL c.O J. H. Kenyon Ud. 83 
Westbome Grove. London W2. En- 
quiries to 01-229 9861. 

MiMJHT - Suddenly, but without 
suffering, on July 3rd 1986. Nell 
Thomas, beloved friend of Tony, 
dearly loved brother of Sylvta and 
Pauline. Greatly missed by all hb 
mends and relations In London and 
Liver pool. 

MITCHELL - On July 3rd 1986 peace- 
fully. Phyllis Mary m*e Kelly) of 
Lower Peover. Cheshire, aged 80. 
Dearly beloved wife of MaxwclL 
Much loved and deeply mi ssed by all 
her family. Large was her bounty. 
Service al SL Oswald’s Church. Low- 
er Peovcr. on July 8th 1986. at 2.30 
pm. followed tor cremation at Mac- 
clesfield. An enquiries lo G.W. 
Broadbmt. telephone Alder ley Edge 

PROCTER - On 3rd July. 1986. very 
peacefully In the Royal Free Hospi- 
tal. Ronald Procter of Croftdown 
Road. NWS. Dearly loved brother u 
Kenneth. Marjorie. Mol He and cousin 
of Joyce. Lyndon. Felicity. Nicholas. 
Penny and Hilary. Greatly loved by 
many in ihe Society of Friends and 
fellow members of Ihe Westminster 
Meeting. Funeral at Golden Green 
Crematorium on Thursday, IQth 
July at 11.30 am. 

RENA Maurice - On 3rd July, peaceful- 
ly. aged 77. Beloved husband of 
Georgette, father of Oliver and Mk 
ctiaei and grandfather of Nicholas. 
Julian. James. Francesca. Sophie 
and Melinda. Funeral Mass on July 
9Ui al 11.30 am al SL Mary's 
Church. Woothampion. Berks. 

RAE - On July 2nd. 1986 bi 
Leatherhead HospUaL William 
Thomas, aged 87 of Hawks HUL 
Lealherhead. Surrey. Dear husband 
of Dorothy. Service at Randalls Park 
Crematorium. Leatherhead an 
Wednesday. July 9th al 3.00 pm. Do- 
na Dons, if desired, lo Children's 
Hospital. Greal Ormond StreeL 
wci . in memory of their daughter. 

TOMLINS Gerakl Frederick - On July 
3rd 1986. in hts 82nd year, after stoi- 
cally enduring a very long Ulness. 
Much loved husband of SheOa and 
father of Margaret. Susan and Chris- 
topher Funeral Service at C&iUems 
Crematorium. Amersham on 
Wednesday. July 9th at 300 pm. 
Family flowers only. Donations, if 
desired, to Michael Sobefl House. 
Mount Vernon Hospital. North wood. 

VALENTINE On July 3rd 1986. at 
Perth Royal infirmary. Douglas Stu- 
art fDougal). very dearly knred 
husband of Dorothy and much loved 
lather of Morag. Malcolm and An- 
drew. Funeral Service al Perth 
Crematorium on Tuesday J uty 8th. 
at 3.15pm. Cut flowers only 


BUSWRJL - A Memorial Sendee of 
Thanksgiving for the life of Edgar 
Arthur Buswen. formerly of Btganl 
Brothers and Buswell. an Honorary 
Member of Ihe Baltic Exchange who 
died on 12th May. 1986. will be held 
at SI. Helens. Btthopsgate. London 
al ll.46am on Thursday. 17th July. 


KENYON - Geoffrey Kenyan who died 
on 6(11 July 1983 is remembered this 

day and every day wiih love and. 

MURRAY BR OWN Charles, tale the 
North Staffordshire ReglmenL died 
6Ui July. 1986. Sadly missed. 



HAWKINS - On July 2nd. 1986. John 
Seari. The Funeral Service win take 
mare at St. Nicotaa Church. 
Cranlrigti. Surrey oil Friday. July 
i lift at 2.00 pm. Mowed by crema- 
tion at Guildford Crematorium. 
Flowers, or donations If prefered for 

Ihe RJLF. Benevolent Fund, may b| 

sent c. o. and an enquiries please 
Ptmms Funeral Service. Charters. 
Mary Road. GuUdford. tel. 67394. 


Society of British Aerospace 

The Society of British Aero- 
space Companies held its an- 
nua] dinner at foe Dorchester 
hotel on July 3. The society’s 
new president. Mr Ralph Rob- 
ins. managing director of Rolls- 
Royce pic. and foe new vice- 
president. MrTom Mayer, CBE, 
chief executive of Thorn EMI 
Technology Group, presided. 
Mr Paul Chan non. Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, 
was guest of honour. 

Service dinner 

The Light Infantry 
The Lord Lieut errant of Somer- 
set was among the guests at The 
Light Infantry's annual officers’ 
dinner held at foe Castle Hotel, 
Taunton, on Saturday. Brigadier 
J. HemsJey presided and others 
present included Major-General 
B.M. Lane. CoJoneL The Ligbl 
Infantry, Colonel K.D. Brown 
and M Albert Grandais. 



Veteran leader of India’s ‘Untouchables 


Mr Jagjivan Ram who died 
yesterday ai the afe of 78 
played a major role in Indian 
politics for over 30 years - for 
much of which time he was a 
cabinet minister - and was the 
unchallenged leader of the 
“Untouchables” , the Sched- 
uled Castes. 

Known - as many senior 
Biharis are - as Babujche had 
been a senior member of Mrs 
Gandhi's Cabinet. But, de- 
ploring her imposition of 
emergency rule, in 1977 he 
broke away to form his own 
Congress for Democracy Par- 
ty, thus playing an important 
pan, in alliance with the 
Janata Party, in her defeat in 
the elections of that year. 

Later, after a period as 
leader of (he Opposition he 
rejoined the Indian National 
Congress and in 1981 became 
President of the All Indian 
Congress Committee. 

Jagjivan Ram was bom in 
Arrah in Bihar in 1908 into a 
family of Untouchables as the 
people following menial occu- 
pations below foe Hindu caste 
system were called before 
Mahatma Gandhi renamed 
them Harijans - the people of 

Jagjivan Ram's father, how- 
ever, was an exceptional man, 
a preacher and, in the eyes of 
local people, a saint So a local 
schoolmaster found a place for 
the boy to begin his edocatfon; 
a chance in those days denied 
to most of his community. 

He did well, matriculating 
in the first division and was 
fortunate enough to attract the 
attention of Pandit Madan 
Mohan Malaviya. a leading 
figure in nationalist politics. 
With his help Ram was able to 
go to Bananas Hindu Univer- ‘ 
sity where he began to display 
a talent for debating and 
political discussion. 

From Banaras, he went on 
to Calcutta University where 
he took his BSc and became 
involved in social work for his 
community. His fluency as a 
speaker, bis commitment to 
soda! work and his success in 
climbing out of the strait 
jacket that lowly birth im- 
posed on most of his contem- 
poraries. all pointed towards a 
political career. 

He was noticed and helped 
by Dr Rajendra Prasad - later 
to be India's first President - 
and M ahatma G andhi, al- 
ready deeply engaged in his 
mission to raise the depressed 
classes from the degradation 
which Hindu society had so 


long imposed on them, saw in 
Jagjivan Ram a promising 

After leaving university, 
Jagjivan Ram had become 
involved in the agricultural 
labour movement in Bihar 
and he was also associated 
with various branches of the 
trade union movement 

He first became a member 
of the AH India Congress 
Committee - an important 
step in a political career - in 
1940; the same year be was 
imprisoned by the British for 


He went on to become, 

twice. Minister in the vital 
food and agriculture Ministry; 
he was also Railways Minister 
(a post in which he incurred 
some criticism for looking 
after his own community’s 
interests somewhat overzeal- 
ously) and, . perhaps 
surprisingly, he made, an ex- 
cellent impression as Defence 
Minister for four years. 

He was generally wed re - , 
garded as an administrator^ 
but he caused Mrs .Gandhi 
some embarrassment in 1967 
when it was disclosed by 
political opponents that he 
bad not bothered to his 
income tax returns, for some 
years. U was not a large sum 
that was involved. Jand the 
arrears were promptly .paid, 
forgetfulness being advanced 
as the excuse. 

He was a skilful politician, 
bland in . style but rough, 
experienced and farsighted, 
and when Mrs Gandhi pro- 
claimed her Emergency in - 
1 975 rumours were nfethat be 
was deeply upset 

Certainly he had. been re- 
garded as a possible replace- 
ment for her when : it was 

i, Jf 

his' political artivities and was ' considered likely, that: she'C 
released, to be locked up again WO uid resign because of the 

- j : 


tf**, n 

in 1942 during the Congress 
Party's Quit India campaign. 

His commitment to the 
nationalist cause and his own 
growing national importance 
were recognized in 1946 when 
he represented the Scheduled 
Castes as their spokesman 
before the British Cabinet 
mission seeking a constitu- 
tional settlement, and it was in 
his community as well as in 
his home state of Bihar, that 
he built up the power base 
which was to make him an 
indispensable member of In- 
dian Cabinets over the next 
three decades. 

From September 1946 until 
his resignation in February 
1977 - with a short break in 
1 962-63 - he was a minister in 
charge of a variety of major 

The break was as a result of 
the extraordinary political de- 
vice known as the Kamaraj 
Plan when a number of minis- 
ters were induced to resign 
office in order to work for the 
party in the countryside. 

This came to be regarded as 
a means of easing out certain 
unpopular figures but Jagjivan 
Ram was back in less than a 
year as Minister for Labour, 

Allahabad Court judgment 
against her for: electoral . 
offences. . ' 

What he (fid. in Set. was to 
bide his time untilvNfxsGan^ 
dhi decided to hold elections 
and he then resigned from her 
party and founded bis- own 
Congress for Democracy. . • 

This formed an electoral 
alliance with. theJapataParty - 
an amalgam of four .opposi- 
tioa groups ledby another old 
rival of. Mrs Gandhi. - the 
octogenarian, Mr - Moratji 
Desai. Jagjivan Ram made no 
secret of bis dislike: of 'Mrs 
Gandhi’s authoritarian, rule 
and the action of p tie so 
influential in deserting, her 
side, played no small part 
toppling her at flic . 1977 * ? 

At first he declined office 
under Mr Desai but subse- 
quently changed his mmdand 
was Defence Minister again 
from 1977 to 1979. After the 
collapse of the Janata coali- 
tion and Desaf s resignation as 
leader of Janata, Jagjivan 
Ram succeeded him as l eader 
of the party in opposition but 
resigned in 1980, after repeat- 
ed splits in the party 

Subsequently he rejoined 
the Indian National Congress. 

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Appointments in 
the Forces 


■ Professor Alan Gem m ell, 
OBE, who died at his home on 
the Isle of Arran on July 5, at 
the age of 73. was Professor of 
Biology in the University of 
Keele from 1950 to 1977. 

But be will be best known to 
the millions of the green- 
fingered who heard the broad- 
casts, as a leading personality 
for over thirty years on the 
popular BBC Radio pro- 
gramme Gardeners’ Question 

As the scientific member of 
a panel which included Fred 
Loads and Bill Sowerbutts, he 
became a household name. 
And the contrast his academic 
approach brought to the 
foamier deliberations of his 
fellow panellists, provided one 
of the tensions listeners grew 
to look forward to over the 


The disagreements between 
the highly qualified biologist 
and the professional seedsmen 
on the merits of magnesium 
versus farmyard muck, ech- 
oed on the platforms of many 
a village hall up and down tire 
country, and the tetchinesss 
which this element introduced 
into the programme, was, by 
common consent, one of its 
enduring virtues. 

In all. Gemmell made near- 
ly fifteen hundred broadcasts 
and he also wrote a number of 
popular books 

Alan Robertson Gemmell 
was bom on May 10, 1913, 
and educated at Ayr Academy 
and the University of Glas- 
gow. From J935 to J937 he 
was a Commonwealth Fund 
Fellow at the University of 
Minnesota, where he took his 

From 1937 to 1941 he was 
engaged in agricultural re- 
search at the West of Scotland 
Agricultural College, during 
which time he took his Glas- 
gow PhD. 

From 1942 to 1944 he was a 
lecturer in Botany at Glasgow 
and had a year at the West 
Midland Forensic Science 
Labors rtoiy as a biologist, 
before taking up an appoint- 

ment as a lecturer in ; 
Manchester University, wfac 
he stayed for five years before 
joining the ranks of the 
founder-professors of the- then 
University College of North 
Staffs, now Keele University 
. Gardeners Question. Time 
began in 1947 and GerameU 
joined it two years' later, to 
complete a triumvirate of 
disputants which 'was' to be- 
come familiar to every home 
where the soil and its prod no- 
tions are cherished. . 

For the next thirty. years' 
Gemmell defended his scien- 
tific opinions against ' the 
“muck and mystery*' school of 
thought propounded by Bill 
and Fred. Even after the death 
of Loads in 1981 the debate*- 
did not slacken in its intensity.^ 

Finally In 1982 after 33 
years withg Gardener' Ques- 
tion Time Gemmell left to 
move lo ITV. . 

Among his many .books 
were The Sunday Gardener, 
The Penguin Book of Basic 
Gardening and The Practical 
Gardeners ’s Encyclopaedia. 

On the academic side be 
was the author of many papers 
in scientific journals and was 
Associate Editor of Chronica 
Botanica Vol L which ap- 
peared in 1935.’ 

He married, in 1942, Janet 
Ada Boyd Duncanson. They 
bad two sons. 

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Mr George Clarfelt, the 
founder and chairman of the 
Giengrove group and the 
youngest of three brothers in a 
family associated with the 
British meat industry over 
four generations, has died at 
the age of 62. 

A Sandhurst cadet, he saw 
action during foe war as a tank 
officer in North Africa and 
Italy, where he was wounded. 

He began to establish him- 
self in the meat business 
during the difficult trading 
conditions of the late 1940s; 
first, with a small factory at 
Islington, then with a canning 
factory in the Channel Islands. 

His farsightedness led. him 
into providing butchery ser- 
vices for frozen food manufac- 
turers and his company was 

among the first in the country ^ 

rwipr ™ 


W, art 

I 35 sin,;. •>• 

to use a mechanical de-boner. 

He went on to develop 
slaughterhouse installations in 
Ethiopia, partly with a view to 
export for processing in 

In recent years the company 
supported study into the use 
of video image analysis in the 
meat industry especially in 
assessing the &t content of 

Mountbatten Training 

The Army 

COLONELS: W 1 R Bradley to COT 
DonnlnoKw, July 11: J A N Cron lo 
HO NwSnas. jfflyfi: N w F Rtchart* 

CotechmkUTLR Anglian, lo bcCO 

■ftj Mcairtng, ROrio HOUKLr 
July 7: M P Serey. REME. jo.b e 004 


-coiond J P Otn late RA. July lO. 
LIGHT DTVTSroN: Lieutownl General 
Sir Robert Pascoe. tale Rwai Green 
jSckrtsTto be Colonel C omma ndant 
1st BaitaHon The Roya l Cneen Jack- 
ets. July i. MaaMn to.cencral 

Sir Cuy> tenure expired. 

RAfwSmnl General Sr Maurice 

Johnston, late IK The Queens 
nRagoon Guards, to be Colonel let 
Tiwoueeni Dragoon Guards. July i. 
in succession loTSajor-Oenerai Des- 
SSono Huid Garreii Rice, tenure 

ljdfTcdIpimI James D ennis Co mpton 
Faulkner, tale Uteier Defence ftogt- 
mctiL lo be Comnel . Ownm anaani Iffe 
Ulster Defence Regiment, Awn 8. In 
an extsong vacancy. 

Royal Air Fora 

AIR COMMODORE: J Barney lo be 
Director of Personal Services a (RA Fl 

GR&Up" CAPTAINS: E Durham to 
RAF We* Raynham as Sin Cdr. July 
11: H A Wooer as OC RAF Hospital 

OCRS: E Ooden lo 
MOD (BanrwoodL July 7: M J Rurdle 
io HQ RAF Germany. July 11. 

The annual meeting of the 
Mountbatten Training Associ- 
ation will be held at Gyde 
House. Painswick, Gloucester- 
shire. on July 16, at 11 am. Any 
members who have not been 
contacted are invited to tele- 
phone 0604 7161 1 1 for details. 


The infam daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Jack Rayner was baptised 
Frances Rayner at St James’s. 
Piccadilly, on Sunday, July 6. 
The godparents are Mr Red- 
mond Muliin. Mr Roger Smith 
and Deaconess Ann Tarper. 

Parliament this week 

CmiMM. Today 12.30): Ueoote on 
sriidir Member's motion on Ih e 
ruimr or manuEacturinB induffry. 
Debate on Ihe bn industry. 
Tomorrow (2.301: Proqresa on 
remaining stages or me Finance Bln. 
Wednesday <2.30}. Debates on supole- 
memory beneTn pay men is for nmaic 
and voluntary residential core for tn* 
elderly: and on labour market sente ea 
relating to promotion of tourtSi n. 
Thursday J2.30C Debate on EEC 
budget. European Comm unities 
•Amendment! ail. completion or 
remaining stages. _ 

Friday (9.301: Debate oh pobcutg 

Lord*. Today (2-30): Cas BID. report, 
lira day. _ _ _ 

Tomorrow r2-30): Wages Bin. report. 
Wednesday (2.301: Cas Bui. report. 

Thursday <31 Building Societies Bin. 

ci muwl Hee stage. 

Friday 1 1 1 “Financial Services BUI. 
second reading. 

Science report 

Magnesium heart link 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

Evidence that magnesium defi- 
ciency co eld be an important 
factor in some forms of heart 
condition has been produced 
by specialists in the United 

The stady, at the Los Ange- 
les County University of 
Southern California nwiiimi 

centre, does not prove that 

v V — 

They used a method of 
directly measuring magnesium 
in blood cells, known as atomic 

spectrophotometry, in tests on 
103 patients in a coronary care 
unit in Los Angeles, and found 
that 53 percent had abnormal- 
ly low magnesium levels. 

The method is considered 
mach more accurate than the 
standard test in which tire 
magnesium levels circulating 
in the blood are measured. The 
metallic element, essential for 
proper fractioning of muscle 
and nervous tissue, is found 
mostly in the cells, with Jess 
than 1 per ' cent in blood 

such a deficiency causes or *■ 
exacerbates conditions such as 
cardiac arrhythmia, but does 
indicate a link, according to Dr 
Robert Rode, one of the 

If further stmlies did prove a 
relationship, the hnpiw-aKi^ 
for prevention and treatment 
con Id be important, as 
d evidences could be easfly 
corrected with magnesium 

supplements, he said. 

In farther study at the it 
university medical school's 
cardiology division, magne- 
sium-deficient heart- paatienfa 
are now being given supple- 
ments to see how tire treatment 
affects arrhy thmia- angina 
and other conditions; and how - 
it alters the risk of a heart 


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- ■• bb^r demanded Elton John 

:• S?™ S*”® 8 * 6 » palm tree in 

Nice. He was gimg an inter- 
weir in £aro Tube (Channel 4» 
-* r irh r* n*, '.-.— ^fpflJay), a rock extra vagan- 
5 «&£*$■ *8v 5? wL t h "f 5 broadowt live 

5 «*J? ! *E *■ tfc^oWtiK continent. For- 
mal ^ T" ■ programme did 

* \tJ5SH u - »« vcntmTe into what passes 
rtM ,r,W w to* popular music beyond Ca- 
J ^2S§ ;, fa^Jnsbaid Max Headroom 
■m "- a tb ^ : displayed an unsuspected gift 

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, , ci ;: K 'W o. subtitles popped up to alert the 
v» • “™? •• ^ imminence of 

•£ 5 01 * Stewart or Signe Signe 
./-'Si. fc* 5 * Spntnik. 

^ •• . As _ rubbish goes, John's 

**" bfcf interview was free, frank and 
■■-- fearless; he sang a few of the 
; J°W anti-gay football chants 
;■ tiqa&S . . heard bn the terraces after be 
' ''Sos? •■• bwaote a director at Watford. 

’ The dancer and choreographer ! 
’■ ... To® Jobe, the subject of 

, *} Dancemakers (BBCZ, Son- , 

! 'b ?’n , ■' day), suffered no such embar- ' 

wssnient in his career,' 
!r ' n; ~w'^ • aithoi^h bis accoont of bis 
■ -rr-r ^ ‘ days as a word-processor oper- 

*tor in a Wall Street Hank 
« ; . .'“ifo caught the imagination. Jobe'-s 
bei-y, ^ - charm, Norman Rockwell 
* "‘***8 : meets La Cage aux folks, 

evidently won over the staffed 

• ^ shirts even when he was as yet 

" unknown. 

"' Dancemakers is a short 
v’i’w'A series showcasing contempo- 

... r « ^ v rary choreographers; it has a 
"v‘ sBgbtly defensive edge, as if 


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Celia Brayfield 


Rod Stewart 
Wembley Stadium 

Never having seen Rod Stew- 
art in performance before. I 
was struck by how instantly 
familiar his show seemed. As 
he booled the first of many 
footballs into the crowd, the 
band locked into an efficient 
chug that turned out to be 
“Hollegs”. It is curious that 
the same R.'n" B formula, the 
staple of the small-time bar- 
band. should work to such 
effect on an audience of these 
vast proportions, but “Sweet 
Little Rock V Ro/Jer” set 
them dancing in the aisles ana 
Stewart's microphone^stana 
described unlikely arcs in the 
area around his head. 

BuL despite such touch- 
stones from bis days as a 
serious blues-rock vocalist, 
Stewart's rise to the status of 
international institution has 
exacted a heavy cost on nts 
music. His interpretations of 
songs like Robert Palmers 
“Some Guys Have All the 
Luck” and Otis Reddings 
“Dock of ihe Bay” succeeded 
m ironing out all the 
idiosyncracies of the ongnats. 
transforming them into, ho- 
mogenous pop songs in a 
process redolent of that em- 
ployed by Pat Boone, who 
used to vandalize numbers 
like “Tuui Fruui” for use in 

his mainstream reponoire. 

The distinctive croaking 
voice that gained Stewart a 
vast audience in the Seventies 

Opera: Paul Griffiths reviews Glyndeboume’s Porgy and Bess 

Something vital urgently said 

.. • - - / * V .■■■?! i WYl . . ...... . 

Porgy (Willard White) discovers Bess has left him to go to New York 

There can scarcely before have 
been a Glyndcboumc season of 
odder novelties. First there was the 
pocket Boccanegra. and now Porgy 
and Bess, incongruities of style 
replacing those of size. It is not just 
that, as the opera's conductor 
Simon Rattle has pre-emptively 
pointed out. here wc have charac- 
ters with “plenty of nothing” 
singing roan audience with “plenty 
of plenty” - though that might be 
inclined to make the dinner inter- 
val a fraction penitential even 
without the dismal weather of 
Saturday night. No. the more 
worrying mismatch has more to do 
with colour than liquidity. 

On one IcveL Porgy and Bess is a 
princely gift to black culture from a 
composer who had drawn so much 
on that account: an opera for black 
singers, reluming to them the 
blues, jazz and spirituals on which 
Gershwin had creatively feasted, 
and perhaps in the island scene 
going further, restoring an impor- 
tant source of black American 
music in the drumming of Africa. 
Bui the collaborative nature of the 
work is repeatedly subject to 
question when there is such a dear 
division within it between the 
white characters who speak and the 

black who sing. This implicitly sets 
a gap between a predominantly 
white audience and the cast, and 
makes it hard to find the correct 
response 10 . what is a magnificently 
alive show; a response that is not 
patronizing, nor neglectful "of the 
issues that arc at the bean of the 

For. if Porgy is about problems 
of sympathetic understanding be- 
tween audience and cast, it is also 
about similar problems on the pan 
of the characters with relation to 
each other and indeed to them- 
selves. Those problems come from 
the task Gershwin had set himself. 
To the extent that he was still 
essentially a song-writer, his char- 
acters express themselves most 
fully in songs: Gant's “Summer- 
time”. the love duet for the central 
couple (“Bess, you is my woman'll. 
Sportin' Life's “It ain’t necessarily 
so” and so on. But since opera 
demands also dialogues and transi- 
tions. these song-founded charac- 
ters have to come to terms with 
other kinds of music..and much of 
the pathos of the piece arises from 
their attempts to break through the 
limits of regular song phraseology, 
or to impose those limits in an 

effort to contain and so compre- 
hend a more complex world. The 
scene on the island between Crown 
and Bess, for instance, gains its 
high force from this tension. 

So it seemed, at any rate, on 
Saturday, given two excellent inter- 
preters of these roles: Gregg Baker 
looks and sounds splendid as the 
Drum Major of this M arrack, and 
Cynthia Haymon's slightly smoky 
delivery allows Bess to be touching 
without one forgetting she is also 
strong enough to be a whore. Also 
excellent at this point, and indeed 
throughout the evening, was Mr 
Rati(c*s direction of the London 
Philharmonic Orchestra. This is 
music he quite clearly loves to play, 
but he keeps his eyes wide open 
while he enjoys it there is a keen 
precision at fast speeds, a close care 
for rhythmic detail and a sumptu- 
ous spreading of the treats in the 

And this quite outstanding musi- 
cal performance is joined by a 
production, from Trevor Nunn, 
that offers teeming life in the 
clappcd-out clapboard comer of 
Catfish Row that John Gunter's set 
brings to the stage- Ladders and 
balconies open out a vertical 

dimension, hut there is still re- 
markably iiulc space for such an 
abundance of always pointful 
movement and business (the fight 
between Crown and Robbins rath- 
er stands out in a context of this vi- 
brant lifelikeness). Mr Nunn also 
hits the spot when the stage is 
relatively quiet, as at the end of the 
scene between Sportin' Life and 
Bess, where the wide boy lounges az 
the back smoking in wait while she 
walks slowly towards her hut. 
evidently thinking the full-blown 
fantasy on his music that we hear 
from the pit 

Sportin' Life is acted without 
undue exaggeration and sung with 
ringing confidence by Damon Ev- 
ans. Among others in the cast, 
Harolvn Blackwell has a particular 
clarity and leanness as Clara, 
contrasting with the richer, warm- 
er. deeply appealing Serena of 
Cynthia Garcy. Bruce Hubbard 
sings and acts a nobly attractive 
Jake, white Willard White's more 
constrained style fils him for 
Poigy's wide range of expression, 
from nonchalance to anger or 
incomprehension. He. and indeed 
the whole production, convinces 
one this opera has something vital 
it wants to say. 

Cheltenham Festival 

2 subjects merit so much atten- 
tion, and this makes it difficult 

* ■' for the interviews to be any- 

thing but excessively respect- 
ful. Jobe described bow the 
. inspiration for his piece Rite 
' Eteetrik came to him in a gay 
Jj . club after be had dropped in 
£ . fora quiet beer to recover from 
' the thrills of roaring around on 
roller skates at 40 mph in 
^ - Starlight Express. 

Like Rite Electrik's prowl- 
ing leather queens, some ste- 
v reo types have Ear too much 
territory in the puhlic imagina- 
tion to be confined to their 
„ original scenario. Long John 
t Silver is one of these, and the 

- only surprise about the epic 
opening to Long Join Silver’s 
Return to Treasure Island 

- (nr, Saturday) is that no one 
has lan ached this splendid 
vessel before. 

The story was told in toff- 
blooded swashbuckling style 
ft with- Brian Blessed la the title 

v. . role stamping .around roaring 
“Har-Harr as if Tony 
Hancock's spoof had never 
. been, .screened. The action 
included mutiny, piracy, trea- 
cherond Spaniards, the dash 
> of cutlasses, the roar of cannon 

!* and* saucy jade who flounced 
around in her camisole casting 
langnishtng glances at young 
Jim Hawkins, now portrayed 
r. as an apprentice sugar- 
■r planter. 

The .. World About Us 
(BBC2, Sunday) had an equal- 
ly promising subject in the 
*- ‘ history of women of the Amer- 
kair west, but surprisingly 
/-• (ailed to create a thrOling 

- spectacle of rodeo girts and 
- r frontier, women. There was 

evidence of an immature femi- 
- nine consciousness at work 
' and the programme finally 
became side-tracked by the 
question of why anyone would 
want to spend Saturday after- 
noons sust ain ing multiple 
fractures by falting off mad- 

* dened livestock.'' 

Town Hall/Radio 3 

“%oJour*'. There can be few Elsewhere, though, too 
pieces which conduct quite much seemed indistinct and 
such a comprehensive guided anonymous. Possibly the Ra- 
tour of the percussion depart- dio 3 engineers obtained great- 
menl in so short a period. er clarity for armchair lis- 
. , . _ . . teners. But. with the composer 

How do the soloists fit in. conducting, one can only as- 
nh due humility, perhaps. S ume that what we heard in 

Later in this year's Chelten- with due humility, perhaps, 
ham Festival much feting of The Stutt^rt Piano Trio 

London concerts 

Generous sense of occasion 

| present-day Californian com- 
posers is planned. For this 
opening concert, however, the 
festival looked only slightly to 
the west, commissioning a 
new work from the prolific 
Welshman Alun Hoddinott. 

He suggests that his Triple 
Concerto is “chamber music 
on a laige canvas”. Well, it 
certainly has a large, late- 
romantic canvas. The orches- 
tra is big, and Hoddinott is not 
one to have players sitting 
around idly. Themes, counter- 
subjects. decorative passage*- 
work, thick chordal underlays: 
•it all seems to be happening all 
the lime. Then there is 
Hoddinott's characteristically 
enthusiastic concern for 

Outside Broadcast 
Birmingham Rep 

Fictional works concerning 
the early days of television are 
calculated to mine our re- 

worked feverishly: I know, 
because I could see how fast 
their fingers were moving. 
But. as for being heard, the 
pianist might as well have 
been playing a clavichord for 
all the impact she made in the 
outer allegros. The slow mid- 
dle section was better bal- 
anced, and consequently one 

the hall was the authorized 

Bernhard Klee conducted 
the rest of the programme, 
making fine work of Weber's 
Der Frei Schulz overture and 
Bruckner's Ninth Symphony. 
The ensemble was sometimes 
slack, but Klee's broad ges- 
tures epitomized his spacious. 



Albert Hall/Radio 3 

It was, as speech, programme- 
note and the presence .of 
Princess Alexandra all im- 
pressed upon us, a Very 
Special Occasion. Verdi's Re- 
quiem was chosen for a fund- 
raising gala concert to launch 
the 173th season of the Royal 

1875. He did it first by playing quartet, and the whispered 
with the acoustic: we saw the choral “Libera me", were, 
baton long before we heard the overproduced, anything but 
opening notes, and the cellos invocatory, 
were quietened from the sec- The soloists, though, were 
ond they had begun. the real happening. There is 

Then he did it by using his nothing like a Georgian bass 
so that the last trump of to conjure up the death-head 
Tuba mirum” really did in “Mors stupebit”; and. with 
[ as if from the round his dark vowels and rolling 
5 imagined comers. And “Ps”, Paata Burchuladze's 
o did it by insisting on “Quam olim Abrahae” 
uluous clarity from the stretched back generations, 
umonia, who played for Lucia Valentini-Terrani took 
ike the old friends they ail the time generously appor- 
ind from the London tioned to her by Maazel for a 
trmonic and London profoundly expressive perfor- 
hony choirs and the mance. And it was, for once, a 
Choral Society. pleasure to hear Verdi’s sopra- 

as less happy with the no and tenor writing gilded so 
of his over-generous, at effortlessly and intelligently 
gratuitous, drawing by Carol Vaness and Francis- 

L ,h^Hp»MTv sonorous approach. The BBC 
Philharmonic strings gained 
Sntin^H rJin confidence and tonal lustre as 

^ the symphony progressed and 

thC h™ 8 501111(1 neVer 511(1 inW 

harshness - even when deliver- 
UJUJEjSS 1 ‘mSSEI io 8 lhe Adagio’s climaxes with 

**£??'*? a fervourthat could probably 

Philharmonic Society, whose him like the old friends they 
history is rich in valuable are, and from the London 

work's ending — where ram- 
pant timpani whipped up the 
excitement — had more pur- 
posefulness and drama. 


purpose of a live transmission 
of Shakespeare. An egotistical 
old actor-manager (David 
Tomlinson) has been invited 
to give an extract from Julius 
Caesar, despising the usurping 
new medium of television, he 
has elected to give Titus 

be felt in Gloucester. 

serves of nostalgia for inno- Andronicus insiead; and, jeal- 
ccncc (or at least naivety) lost, ous of another player’s popu- 
In paying tribute to this larity. he has deliberately 
conventional perspective, Pe- dispatched him to Halifax. 

ter Woodward's farcical come- 
dy admixes the subsidiary 

The broadcast 

to be 

convention of actors playing directed by a mincing, explo- 
actors in the grand tradition of sive. failed actor in a swede- 
-Carry On”-sty!e incompe- coloured toupee (Robert 
tcncc. The result is laboured, Longden) — assisted by a 
costive and tacky round the squirming bespectacled deb 

edges. (Lia Williams) — and is to be 

M r w~ asofouow, HS-Ijy Sffi S 1 - 


monolithic signposts to adver- *** 

lise exactly what will happen if Oniy one camera arrives at 
things go wrong with the tfie theatre. The howling old 
titular project, and the second ham “prepares” from a hip- 
half showing precisely those flask. One of his diminished 
tilings going wrong. oompanv has a debilitating fit 

In the. pioneering days of at the sight of stage blood. A 
1953 a “dark” provincial the- rogue tap in the washroom 

Richard Morrison 

within range of it, And so on. 

Mr Tomlinson is well 
enough cast as the grouchy old 
grandee, but his woefiilly un- 
focused character presents 
him with an obstacle-course of 
disparate failings through 
which to pick his way. This 
strenuous overloading of the 
script's circuits is comple- 
mented by a very curious 
miscalculation about the 
corrollary idea that, since 
modern audiences have the | 
choice between television and i 
live theatre, they will respond 
to oblique compliments for I 
having chosen the latter. j 

“But what if this is all 
rubbish?" wails the director. | 
“They'll never notice” growls , 
the ham. The largely elderly 
audience in my section of the ! 
house (who. since Roger | 
Smith's production is halfway 
through its run, may be taken 
as representative) greeted this 
arch sally with resounding 
silence. The joke had arrived a 
good 30 years too late. 

has long deserted him and a ^‘^Tuch hW 

madleyof-Yon W«r« Wdr suhglonjg^ of ^ 

IV3J a -aarK provincial wc- rogue mp in ui* Marrin rVnmtAr 

auc has been co-opted for the drenches everyone who comes 1YI4TL1U 

Beat Farmers 
Mean Fiddler 

With a new guitarist, Joey 
Harris, replacing Buddy Blue, 
and the ink drying on their 
first recording contract with a 
major label- MCA the Beat 
Farmers from San Diego blew 
into town for a single Indepen- 
dence Day gig en route to 
concerts in Europe. The 
changes in fine-up and status 
. • have served to sharpen the 

performance of a band with 
the keenest rock 'n' roll edge I 
have heard in the last two 

The four Farmers played 
with an exuberance matched 
not only by LheiT musical skills 
but also by the strength of 
their material. Rolle Dexter, 
sporting a huge tattoo on his 

Bracknell Festival 

South Hill Park 

The best sub-plot at this year’s 
Bracknell Festival turned out 
to involve the sequential ap- 
pearances on Saturday after- 
noon of Don Cherry and 
! Bobby Bradford, two trumpet- 
ers whose names are inextrica- 
bly linked with the historic 
experiments of Ornette Cole- 
man in the tale Fifties and 
early Sixties. 

Bradford, the lesser-known 
of the two. appeared with 
Freebop. a 12-piece band con- 
vened by the British drummer 
John Stevens. Content to play 

commissions, performances 
and awards to young artists 
and composers. 

Lorin Maazel. high master 
of musical happenings, went 
all out to create a sense of 
occasion equal to that when 
Verdi himself first conducted 
the work at the Albert Hall in 

Sylvano Busotti 
Almeida Theatre 

It is difficult to know whether 
to be amused t>r angered by 
the sheer gall of the Italian 
composer Sylvano Busotti, yet 
another figure being honoured 
by this year's Almeida Festi- 
val. Perhaps in the later 
concert on Saturday, a staging 
of his Pianohar pour Ph&drc. 
one would have been better 
able to appreciate the essential 
theatricality of his art. But in 
the pieces given here so val- 
iantly by the Royal Academy 
of Music's Manson Ensemble 
in. as it were, concert versions, 
one was frankly struck by the 
paucity of Busoni's musical 

Undoubtedly he would not 
want me to judge on purely 
musical grounds a work like 
Rondo di scena (1978) for 
flautist and several flutes. 
Here the composer in his note 
makes clear that a bathtub and 
a single dancer — this is a 
Narcissus story — are indis- 

right arm and a glove gaffer- 
taped on at the wrist, ham- 

sound as if from the round 
earth's imagined comers. And 
he also did it by insisting on 
meticuluous clarity from the 
Philharmonia, who played for 

Philharmonic and London profoundl; 
Symphony choirs and the mance. A 
Royal Choral Society. pleasure tc 

I was less happy with the no and ter 
effect of his over-generous, at effortlessly 
times gratuitous, drawing by Carol 1 
back of tempo, and the lack of co Araiza. 
finer, subtler points. The qui- i 

et, unaccompanied “Pie Jesu” 1 

pensable. And yes, something 
was definitely missing. 

In similar vein Dai. d'mmi. 
sit! (1976). a “chamber 
’conversation” for II instru- 
ments. bore a colourful 
storyline largely evaded, it 
seemed, by the music, though 
its gruesome climax was prop- 
erly loud and percussive. And 
in Regina (1985) for five 
percussionists we were given a 
sea of vaguely defined textures 
that were supposed to be 
making a joke out of Mozart's 
Queen of the Night At least 
here there was excitement in 
seeing how the performers had 
to keep their wits about them. 

Busoni himself, looking dis- 
turbingly like Elton John in 
his shades and white suit, 
played his Fogiia d'album 
(1970) on the piano using as a 
score an odd photo-montage. 
Likewise an array of enlarge- 
ments depicting his friends 
seemed to govern his direction 
from the piano of the new 
Conzcrto allaquila. Weird, 
and distinctly not wonderful. 

Stephen Pettitt 

manded attention during the 
close harmonies and racing, 

mered away at his low-slung jangling guitar chords of the 
bass with furious punky con- emotive “Bigger Slones”. But 

bass with furious punky con- 
viction. while the burly Coun- 
try Dick Montana sat 
imperturbably behind his 
drum-kit. his black cowboy 
bat fixed on his head through- 
out the sweltering event 

At the front Jerry Raney, in 
his regulation rock-star sun- 
glasses , and Joey Harris, who 
really does look like a farmer, 
shared the guitar playing and 
singing, though Raney has 
now emerged as the most 
auihoritive and charismatic 
member of this group of 
evenly distributed talents. 

It was Raney who led them 
through the. tensile swamp R 
'n' B of “Riverside”, with its 
stark contrasts in volume and 
dynamics, and who com- 


* Stewart institutionalized at a heavy cost 

disposal: “You’re ln My 
Hear?. “Tonight's the Night 
and “Sailing” prompted bale 

medley of-You wear it we« f thal ^tiess their way rnrougn using 

and "Maggie May” left him n » o -You\ "Twistin' foe Night 

parliculariv exposed to the hand-*way S Away and "Stay With Me . 

charge that he cannot sing as ttio° on - , at ^ some memories are best left as 

well as he ^ 10 - end was a cheerful shamWra. just that, 

stilt a remarkably energetic ^ ^ n0 re hearsal . Tla viil Stf nr lair 

and guileful performer wtth a superflousiy ventured LiaYia Sinclair 

huge reservoir of hits at nts 

as he. Ron Wood. Kenney OI ™ ten. appeared with 
Jones. Ian MacLagan. Bill Freebop. a 12-piece tend con- 
Wvman and foe wheelchair- v ^ n ed by the British drummer 
bound Ronnie Lane bumbled John Stevens. Content to play 
their way through “Losing * cooperative role, the vist- 
-You”. “Twistin’ the Night lor 's most striking flaying 
Away” and “Stay With Me", came during a telepathic unac- 
Some memories are best left as companied duet with the alto 
just that. saxophone of Peter King. . 

_ ... c ,. . , Freebop also offered a rare 

David Sinclair opportunity to hear the saxo- 

phone virtuoso Evan Parker 
in a relatively _ conventional 
context One improvisation 
found him retracing his per- 
sonal journey from an early 
worship of John Coltrane to 
the unchartered waters of free 
music, a duet in which he 
locked tenors with the highly 
acclaimed Courtney Pine, a 
young man still at foe disciple 
stage, was lent particular poi- 
gnancy by its historical 

Cherry, who is nowadays as 
likely to be heard crooning a 
Bedouin lullaby as playing 
something swinging in 4/4, 
brought along a new quintet in 
which his pocket trumpet and 
Carlos Ward’s elegant alto 
saxophone outlined a variety 
of charming and witty themes, 
often with Latin or North 
African accents. Floating on 
the lithe drums and percus- 
sion of Ed Blackwell and Nana 
Vasconcelos. Cherry's poised. 

emotive “Bigger Slones”. But 
Harris took the lead vocals for 
a raging version of Neil 
Young’s “Powderfinger” and 
he also sang Tom Waits's 
delicate love-song “Rosie” in 
a yearning, tremulous voice. 
Both Harris’s and Raney's 
guitar work throughout repre- 
sented the very best of energet- 
ic, accurate roots-rock playing. 

The comic buffoonery of 
Country ■ Dick, who sang a 
selection of vaudeville “cow- 
boy” songs, his bottle of beer 
slushing carelessly over the 
front rows, added a final 
contrasting ingredient of hu- 
mour to a glorious show that 
covered all the bases with 
passion, wit and grace. 


playful solos were a delight. 

If Cherry and Blackwell 
hung around after their set, 
they would have heard the 
East German duo of Ernst- 

Ludwig Pe crows ky and Uscht 

Broniag perform an accurate 
transcription, for alto saxo- 
phone and voice, of “Beauty is 
a Rare Thing”, the free-form 
ballad the two Americans 
recorded with Coleman's 
quartet in 1960. Coincidences 
are a speciality of foe annual 
Berkshire jazz picnic; so are 
contrasts, such as the highly 
amplified quartet of the Amer- 
ican guitarist John Scofield 
performing a luminous ver- 
sion of Steve Swallow's “Unti- 
tled Tune” while, on a nearby 
stage. Tony Coe sang “Shine 
On, Harvest Moon” with a 
trio whose Goonish sense of 
humour is suggested by its 
name, the Melody Four. 

Richard Williams I 

Hilary Finch 

London debuts 

Darko Milojevic, a Yugoslav 
violinist is what you might 
call a competent artist. He still 
has much to learn, though, 
about the nature of a work as 
momentous as Brahms's D 
minor Violin Sonata. Here he 
slipped too coolly, for exam- 
ple. into an over-fast tempo 
for the opening Allegro and, 
while dramatic gesture was 
not entirely absent, that which 
: there was did nothing to 
convince one that the perfor- 
mance came from a deep 
understanding. His pianist, 
hana Milojevic. was similarly 
found wanting. 

The pianist Richard Shep- 
herd played with foe sort of 
confidence one wishes more 1 
debutants could muster. His 
opening gambit, the miracu- 
lous Prelude and triple Fugue 
in F sharp minor from Book 
Two of Bach's 48 Preludes and 
Fugues, at once showed him to 
be a cool and meticulous 
artist, as. in its more athletic 
way. did Haydn’s B fiat Sona- 
ta. Hob XV1:41. And. if one 
might have been lulled into 
thinking that the crisp and 
emotionally rather detached 
playing exhibited in these 
works was to be the order of 
the evening, such notions were 
dramatically dispelled by his 
playing of Tchaikovsky's 
Theme and Variations. Op 19 
No 6. and by Liszt's first 
Mephisto Waltz. This was 
dashing artistry: moreover in 
neither work did Shepherd 
allow himself an ugly sound 
while under pressure. 


I Commedianti 
Charleston Manor 

Just 10 minutes down the 
railway line from the stop for 
Glyndcbournc is another 
country house, with more 
rose s and sweet peas, and 
more opera. On Saturday 
night the 15th-century tithe 
tern of Charleston Manor, 
near Polcgaie. was host to ! 
Commedianti. a six-months- 
old louring company, present- 
ing the first fruits of an 
I intensive period of study un- 
der foe Italian buffo bass 
Federico Davia. 

The skills the young profes- 
sional singers learn are 
grounded in the commcdia 
dc/Pane. : their performance 
grows out of it just as Italian 
comic opera assimilated and 
transmuted its techniques. 
And a good injection of those 
techniques, and the directorial 
eye for detail they require, are 
just what Peigolesi's La servo 
pudrona needs. Originally in- 
tended as an intermezzo in a 
larger opera, it now frequently 
finds itself elevated lo primary 
festival status. 

The guardian Ubcrto 
(Davia himself), his amorous 
young servant Scrpina (Anne 
Aldridge) and the mute 
Vcsponc (Guy Callan) have 
still not shaken off their 
commcdia delt'ane motley: it 
is through Pantalonc. Colum- 
bine and Brighella that they 
draw their breath, and the 
effect that such minutely stud- 
ied body-language has on their 
musical performance is reve- 
latory. Every gesture — and the 
feet were as eloquent as their 
hands and heads — reflected 
the deft pacing and comic 
liming of Pcrgolesi's tricky 
parlando recitative. As in the 
original performance, a string 
quartet and harpsichord con- 
tinuo accompanied, cunningly 
silhouetted behind a lace 
backdrop curtain. 

With a 30-strong orchestra 
of young professional players, 
conducted by Adalbeno Ton- 
ini. and with a stage bursting 
with geraniums and vivid 
tricolour costumes. Doni- 
zettis delightful miniature. 
Rita, was undoubtedly the 
success of the evening. Al- 
though Jess gripping as a piece 
of historical reconstruction, it 
was characterized by enough 
bold, musically-attuned busi- 
ness and stylistic Hair to auger 
well for foe troupe’s future, 
and was sung with distinction 
by Lynorc McWhirier (Rita). 
David Turner (Beppe. her 
mild second husband) and 
Bronek Pomorski (Gasparo. 
the dastardly first). 

Hilary Finch 



8 King Street, London SWL Teh 01-839 9060 
Monday 7 July at 10 JO a_m. and 2 JO p.m. 

Tuesday 8 July at 11 a.m. 


Tuesday 8 July at 10 JO aun. and 2J0 pm. 

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Wednesday 9 July at 2J0 pm. 

Thursday 10 July at 11 am and 2J0 pm 

Thursday 10 July at 11 a m 


Friday 11 July at li am 
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is open for viewing on Snndays from 2 pm to 5 pm 
Christie's Sooth Kensi ngton is open for viewing on 
Mondays until 7 pm* Ear information on the 
12 sales this week please telephone 01-581 7611 
Christie^ have 25 local offices in the UK. If you 
would like to know the name of your 
nearest representative please telephone 
Caroline Treflgame on 01-588 4424 


Steel and Owen 
close to 
Polaris accord 

By Philip Webster. Chief Political Correspondent 

Mr David Steel and Dr 
David Owen are dose to an 
agreement which will allow 
differences between their par- 
ties on the future of the Polaris 
deterrent to be papered over 
in a key Alliance policy docu- 
ment to be issued later this 

Mr Steel, who today cele- 
brates 1 0 years as leader of the 
Liberal Party, and Dr Owen 
are determined that their ad- 
mitted differences over Bri- 
tain's independent nuclear 
deterrent should not lead to a 
rift in their relationship or 
damage the Alliance's chances 
in the run-up to the next 

For several months both 
parties have been working on 
a programme of Alliance aims 
and objectives, to be entitled 
Priorities for the 1990s, and to 
be debated for the first time at 
a conference of SDP and 
Liberal parliamentary candi- 
dates in London on July 26 
and 27. 

Although it is accepted that 
the fundamental difference 
between both parlies — Dr 
Owen is broadly in favour of a 
replacement for Polaris and 
Mr Steel against - cannot be 
settled by then, the leaders are 
expected to welcome the Alli- 
ance joint commission on 
defence report, which left 
open the question of a Polaris 
successor, as a contribution to 
the debate. 

They are also expected to 
declare their readiness to 
search for a solution in the 

context of a possible British 
contribution to a European 
nudear defence force. 

That commitment will be 
backed by the announcement 
by both leaders of joint visits 
to Naio headquarters and 
other European capitals, in- 
cluding Paris and The Hague, 
to talk about defence issues. 

Mr Steel, interviewed on 
BBC radio yesterday to mark 
his anniversary, admitted that 
Dr Owen was “not the easiest 
of people to work with". 

“He never has been in in 
any post he has held, ” Mr 
Steel said. But he added that 
the two were determined to 
make their partnership work. 
“We know it is not easy but we 
work very bard at it and it has 
got great popular appeal" - 

Mr Steel said that, but for 
the formation of the SDP, the 
growth in support for the 
Liberals since he took over 
would have been a lot slower. 

He predicted that the next 
general election would be the 
last fought under the present 
voting system. Britain was 
moving inexorably towards a 
new system based on propor- 
tional representation, he said. 

Mr Steel said: “I think 
another election in which 
there is a three-way division of 
public opinion, but not a 
three-way division in the 
House of Commons, would 
actually spell the death knell 
of the present electoral 

Geoffrey Smith, page 2 

China devalues by 16% 

From a Correspondent Peking 

[n an unexpected move, 
China has devalued its curren- 
cy, the yuan, by 16 per cent 
against the dollar and the 

A dollar is now worth 3.7 
yuan, up from 3J yuan, and 
the pound S.2 yuan, up from 
4.9. In the last devaluation 
two years ago, the currency fell 
from 2.0 vuan to the dollar to 
2 . 8 . 

The yuan also fell 16 per 
cent against some other West- 

Today ’s events 

Royal engagements 
Prince Edward. Chairman. of 
The Duke of Edinburgh’s Award 
Scheme Thirtieth Anniversary 
Tribute Projects, undertakes- 
engagements in connection with 
the project. Ronaldsway Air- 
port. Isle of-Man. 9. 

Princess Margaret. President. , 
attends a party to celebrate the 
eighty - fifth Anniversary of the 
Victoria League for Common- 
wealth Friendship. St James's i 
Palace. SW1, 3.30. 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
attends a Court Meeting of the 
Worshipful Company of Gold 
and Silver Wyre Drawers, 
Innholders’ Hall. EC4, 12.25. 

The Duke of Kent, President 
of the Scout Association, opens 
the twenty - fifth anniversary 
exhibition, Baden-Powell 
House. Queens' Gale, SW7, 4. ■ 
The Duchess of Kent, Patron, 

. em currencies. The devalua- 
tion has not been announced 
so far in the government- 
controlled media. 

The Bank of China’s central 
office off Tienanmen Square 
here did not begin to mark the 
change on its currency board 
until mid-morning on 

Mr Chen Muhua, chairman 
of the People's Bank of China, 
said that the devaluation was 
“a necessary step" in boosting 
China's exports. 

attends the Berkeley Square 
Ball, Berkeley Sq, W1. 

Princess Alexandra. Chan- 
cellor, presides at degree con- 
gregations, University of 
Lancaster, I 

New exhibitions 
Crafts lor every day, [Fal- 
mouth Art Gallery. Municipal 
Offices; Mon to Fn 10 10-5 (ends 
August I5> 

Mixed Arts and Crafts, Frame 
Museum, 1 North Parade, 
Frame: Mon to Sat 10 to 4, 
dosed Thurs (ends August 29) 
Jewelry by Jacqueline Mina; 
Ceramics by Sebastian Blackie: 
Tapestries by Jeni Ross, Oxford 
Gallery. 23 High St: Mon to Sat 
10 to 5 (ends Aug 6) 

Drawings, pastels and 
watercolours by Edward Payne, 
Niccol Centre, Brewery Court, 
Cirencester, Mon to Fri 9 to 5, 
Sat 10 to 12.30 (ends July 30) 
Your Tiny Hand: The history 
of gloves in England, Towneley 
Hall, Todmordia Rd, Burnley: 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,091 








l ..' J * • 









































































I Bonnie Dundee, for one, 
giving Ketch a snack, say? 

S Property of Parisian art gal- 
lery (6). 

9 Summons for French film 
director in coin forgery case 
( 8 ). 

10 Dance given publidty in 
song 16 ). 

12 Where in Greece to sell fab- 
ric (not new) (5). 

13 Craftsman has skill — pro- 
vided he's involved in cake 
decoration (9). 

14 Freed from illusions, like 
Cinderella when the clock 
struck (12) 

15 Invited to USA? Could be 
accidental (12). 

21 Southern confederate left 
opening in fortification (5- 

23 Bolster for two (5). 

24 Fellow officer's untrust- 
worthy steed (6). 

25 Virtuoso and polytheist in 
one (8). 

26 Mistakes made bv a king 
and two lots of soldiers (6). 

27 What Lycaon used to be be- 
fore current reverses? (S) 


1 He does another's dirty 
work, this sailor-bov! (6). 

2 Channel Islands have no 
right to raise fruit (6). 

3 Thanks to celebrity support- 
ing striker, several compa- 
nies combine here (9). 

4 An inventor soon made this 
modifreation (6.6). 

6 Employees carrying notes? 

7 .Assign to many in a Scottish 
town — 4 initially (8). 

8 Source of wealth for the 
Spanish artist in double act 

11 AH resources, note, aban- 
doned by the hosiery in- 
dustry' (5-2-5). 

15 A stupid charge to indicate 
in advance (9). 

16 Build up island's vital spirit. 
OK? (8). 

17 Perpetrator of wickedness, 
veiled or otherwise (4-4). 

19 Amusing place in Monte 
Carlo for accountant's 
trendy circle (6). 

20 Tale accepted by some war- 
time soldiers in confidence 

22 Companion in river cap- 
sized a vessel (5). 

The Solution 
of Saturday’s 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,090 
will appear 
next Saturday 

stay on m 
defiance of 

By Tim Jones 

Sitting in front of their 
hearth, with the kettle steam- 
ing gently on the hob, the old 
couple are confused, fright- 
ened and determined. 

For Mr and Mrs David 
Morgan cannot understand 
why the local coundJ has 
decided forcibly to purchase 
their house and more them 
from the only home they have 

It is a fate which has also 
been decreed for the 11 other 
families who remain stubborn- 
ly behind as the only residents 
of the once thriving mining 
village of Troedrhiwgwair, 
near Tredegar, Gwent. 

The other 84 families left 
more than 10 years ago when 
the council received reports 
that the mountain which looms 
behind the terraced houses 
could slip and destroy them. 

Their exodns has left an 
ngty legacy, for the 12 remain- 
ing well cared-for little houses 
stand oat like oases dotted 
between bricked-op decaying 

Mr Morgan, aged 79, does 
not believe the mountain will 
ever move. “I was born here 
and worked on the mountain in 
the old coal level so I know it 
better than any expert Not a 
stone has tinned or a piece of 
fencing moved in all those 

His wife, Charlotte, also 
aged 79, who was also born in 
one of the 130-year-old 
houses, said: “Neither of us 
has got much longer to live so 
why cannot they leave as 
alone? I am determined to die 

One of the organizers of the 
campaign to prevent the evic- 
tions, Mr Brian Gardner, aged 
44 , is adamant that minutes 
exist which prove the 
Tredegar Urban Council, be- 
fore it was incorporated into 
Blaenau Gwent Borough 
Council, promised residents 
they would never be moved 
against tbeir wflL 

Mr Michael Foot, the local 
MP and former Labour leader, 
is backing the villagers. One of 
them, Mr David John, aged 
70, said: “The council has had 
poles planted in the mountain 
for 14 years to monitor any 
movement and they have not 
moved an inch.” 



V- \ ; 


._ ... 

Villagers gathering under the Welsh mountain which they say will not move. (Photograph: Chris Gregory) 

Yacht blows upl i 

Two Britons died after an explosion and fire 
on board the 80ft yacht they were taking frjm v 
Lisbon to Estepona m Spain. Theywot-; 
named yesterday as Mr David Brinston, a ■ 
professional yacht skipper with a home in ■ 
Spain, and bis crewman Mr Curtis Halil aged 
41, of Brixtoh. London. : . _ "i. . ^ 

They are believed to have been takang.iiife ; . : 
motor yacht Lady Mailin' to pick, up a charier" 
party. . - -• * 

A search by the Portuguese rescue authqri-: f 
ties using helicopters and boats has been called v 
off after three days without any trace of the j 
men. Only the remains of an outboard motor . 
were found. 

A local fisherman reported seeing the white- ■; 
hulled boat blown out of the wafer. •:& J 


Mon to Fri 10 toi 5.30, Sun 1 to lVatnrp Nntpc 
5 (ends Aug 4i mature ivui» 

Exhibitions in progress 

A Spa Exposed: photographs 
of Strath pefer Spa, the Pump 
Room. Stratbpeffcr. Mon to Sal 
10 to 12. 2.30 to 4.30, 7.30 to 
9.30 (ends October) 

China Now: paintings by 
modem Chinese -Artists; Dur- 
ham University Oriental Mu- 
seum. Elver Hill: Mon to Sat 9 
to 1, 2 to 5. Sun 2 to 5 (ends Au- 
gust 31) 

Ceramics by Carol McNiccoL 
Cleveland Crafts Centre. 57 
Gilkes Si, Middlesbrough; Tues 
to Sat 12 to 5 (ends August 2) 

Landscapes by Peter Turner, 
Muriel Beacb-Thomas Gallery. 
High St, Baxfonl; Mon to Sat 10 
to 5.30 (ends August I ) 

Portrait *80's: British Por- 
traiture 1980-85, Ramsgate Li- 
brary Gallery. Guildford Lawn; 
Mon to Wed 9 JO to 6, Thurs 
and Sat 9.30 to 5, Fri 9.30 to 8 
(ends August 2) 


Concert by Hereford Cathe- 
dral School. Hereford Cathe- 
dral, 1.30. 

Concert by the Kufstiener 
Singers. Hereford Cathedral, 

Music by the Holywell Band, 
University Church, Oxford. 1. 

Recital by the; Choir of King's 
College. SbeJdoTuan Theatre. 
Oxford. 8. 

Breton and Celtic folk by Tri 
Yann. St David’s Hall. The 
Hayes, Cardiff. 7 JO. 

Concert by the Chamber Or- 
chestra of Europe, Sad bury 
Hall. Derbyshire. 7.30. 

Concert by the Lichfield 
Cathedral Choir, Choristers and 
the Netherstowe School Wind 
Ensemble. Lichfield Cathedral, 
8 . 

Jazz by the English Jazz 
Quartet. Midland HoteL Bir- 
mingham, 8. 

Recital by Mostyn House 
School Choir, Manchester 
Cathedral. 5 JO. 

Beware theft 

A timely reminder that most 
burglaries lake place in daylight 
hours is made by the Central 
Office of Information who urge 
householders not to leave a 
window open if they are going 
away for the weekend. Particu- 
larly vulnerable are windows on 
the ground Door, next to drain 
pipes, and particularly at the 
back of the house. They also 
point out that it is wise' to fit 
locks to them. 

This is the last week of rich 
bird song in the country side. 
Most robins and nightingales, 
starlings and nuthatches • have 
already Slopped singing; willow 
warblers, song thrushes and 
chaffinches are Tailing silent: 
soon the only widespread sing- 
ers will be wrens and yellow- 
hammers. The trees and fields 
are full of young- birds, most of 
them now fending for them- 
selves. This is a time of abun- 
dance and ease for birds. 

Lime trees are covered with 
sweei-scemed bloom. Purple 
foosestrise grows tall ar the 
waters edge: the yellow flowers 
and glittering leaves of stiver- 
weed are common in dusty 
places. In dry 1 woodland glades, 
the pale pink flowers of century 
form a rosette on their brittle 
stalks. Scarlet pimpernel strag- 
gles along the edge of com fields: 
its flowers close when the 
weather turns cloudy and wet. 

Small copper butterflies are 
common on southern 
heath land: red admirals appear 
in gardens throughout Britain. 
In oak woods, the green lorlrix 
moth camouflages itself by rest- 
ing on the leaves: it is also 
known as the green oak-roller, 
since when they were still 
caterpillars these moths fed in 
rolled - up leaves. 

Tower Bridge _ 

Tower Bridge will be raised 
today at3.45pm and 4.30pm 

Parliament today 

Commons (2J0): Debate on 
private Member's motion on the 
future of manufacturing in- 
dustry. Debate' on the tin 

Lords (2.301* Gas Bill, report, 
second day. 


London and S o u th — t AS: One tans 
only on London - bound carriageway on 
Kingston by-pass at Carters Bodge, nr 
Raynes Park. A4: Westbound carriage- 
way reduced by belt in Bath Rd. 
htermondswortti. Ml: Con trafl ow between 
Juncture 7 and 9 (MIO-Harpencfen); both 
camagewys reduced to two lanes. 

* Mi dl a nd* : ME: Otfstda lane closures 
between functions 13 and 11 ( A449 
Stafford/ M60) at odd places. Ml: 
Contraflow between (unctions 20 and 21 ( 
Leicestershire - A4Z7/M8/M69). Al: 
Contraflow between Grantham and Stam- 
ford at Cdstorworth. Lines. 

Wales and Waft U4: Outside lane 
dosed eastbound centre and outside 
lanes dosed westbound b et ween func- 
tions 16 arte l7(vntshiraXM5: Contraflow 
between junctions 8 and 10 (M50/ 
Chetienhaoi). two lanes In each dracbon 
am} lor short penoOs only one lane open. 

Bond winners 

Winning numbers in the 
weekly draw for Premium Bond 
prizes are : £100.000: 7ET 
549852 (winner lives in Surrey); 
£50.000: 5LT 399844 (Warring- 
ton); £25.000: 18VW 871573 1 
(South Humberside). 

Science Museum 

The Science Museum library 
in South Kensington. London, 
will be closed for stocktaking 
from today until Saturday. July 
1 2. The library will reopen to the 
public a( 10.00 am on Monday. 
July 14. 


Births: Joseph Jacquard, 
weaver. Lyon. France. 1752; 
Gustav Mahler. Kaliste. Bohe- 
mia (Czech). I860. 

Deaths: Edward L reigned 
1272-1307. Burgh by* Sands. 
Cumbria. 1307: Richard 
Brinsley Sheridan. London. 
1816: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. 
Crowborough. Sussex. 1930: Sir 
Allen Laoe. publisher, founder 
of Penguin Books. Northwood. 
Middlesex. 1970. 


' A NW airflow covers 
British Isles, with fairly 
weak troughs of low pres- 
sure in the flow crossing 
all districts during 
Monday. . 

6am to midnight 

LondOfLSE, central S, E England, . 
centra) N England, East Anglia, £, 

W Midlands: Mainly cloudy, some 
bright or sunny intervals, a BtUe rain 
spreaefing from W. Wind SW mod- 
erate; max jernp 18 to 20C (64 to 

Channel Islands, SW, NW En- 
gland, S, N Wales, Lake District, ' moon today : — "• 

Isle of Alan: Mainly ctoudy with rain - woow 

or (frizzle at times, patchy Ml and - \ \ . % 

coast fog: wind SW moderate; max \ \ P^ OPpo Ma * 

temp 17 to 19C (63 to 66F). \ ™ Or® 

fffi England, Borders, Edtaburgh, 

Dundee, Aberdeen, SW Scotland, 

Glasgow. Northern Ireland: Bright \£> * 

or sunny intervals, showers; wind W X 

moderate or fresh; max temp 16 to 

18C(6Uo64F). ^ 2 ‘ 

Outlook for tomorro w and 6bc 

Wednesday: Apart from .a few 

showers in northern and eastern _je '£*jbc 7 5-wS 

parts, most places wfl) be dry with wS*4'-/ f -K7^ /d§rv?? 5 y 7 
sunny intervals. However, rather A 

more general cloud and outbreaks ( (0B 
ot rain will affect Scotland later on js 



Strait of Dover Wind W or NW 020 •• 

backing SW moderate or fresh; fair; ISay . 

visibility good: sea slight or mod- 
erate. EngBsh ChanneffE}: Wind W 

fresh backing SW moderate; occa- £ 

s*on a! rain; visibility good becoming nan. mtsi mhi r-ram, s-snow th 
moderate: sea moderate becoming «.i« 

Slight St Georges Channel, Irish speed imphl circled Tempfrafjire 
Sea: Wmd Wmoderate or fresh; rain cenugracte 
or showers; visibiity good; sea 

High Tides y - 

lull, mtsl mist r-rain. s-snow th 
thunderstorm, p-showers 
Arrows straw wind direction. wind 
speed imphl circled Temperature 


London Bridge 248 
Aberdeen 214 

Avonmouth &23 


Cmdffl i 858 

Devooport 649- 
Dcvw . 

Fatmoott . 6.19 
Glasgow 1.24 

Harvnch 12.42 

is r* "if 

tffrseomta ?o\ 

Lafth 3.33 

Liverpool 1202 

Lowestoft 1028 

Margate 1254 

Milord Haven 718 

Newquay 6.08 

Oban 700 

Penzance 545 

Portland 7 39 

Portsmouth 1213 

Swansea 727 . 

Tees 4.38 

WHo i HBivNsa 12,42 

Tide measured in mein 

6.4 3.05', -6£ 
33 2.42 ' ; 38. 
118 BM-TtS 
- 1212 2 ^ 
102 8.19 -‘110- 

4.8 707 5.1 
- 1222. - 62. 

48 6.37- :. .4.9 
42 2-O8 . 4J0 
37 1.04. 3* 
4.9:1146 -.>&2 
86 748T 65 
8.1 717 J13 
SO 168460 
82 1222.-5.4 

23 IT 10-. .21 
42 108 45’ 

62 624,\- 6.4 
35 700, -26 
4 8 6.027 -62 
16 B2f 19 
45.52.43 ’ «2 . 
■ 1229..,- -55. 
- 12.09 4 T. 

24 7 41 1 -86' 

4.9 600 ’46 . 

37 1258 35 

s: 1m=32teflft--. ; 


The pound 

Aussie Sch 
Denmaik Kr 
Roland Mkk 

Francs Ft 

Germ rn Dm 
Gr eece Dr 
Kong Kong S 
Ha}y Lira 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
South Africa Bd 
Spain Pta 
Sweden Kr 
Switzerland Fr 

Yugoslavia Dnr 

Bar* Bank 

Buys Sells 

2515 Z3S5 

24.40 rax 

71-80 MJW 

823 7.73 

11-09 1054 

3-48 3J» 


1-18 1.10 

259.00 24520 

2SK 3,715 

1120 1120 

234.75 223.75 

4.90 4.00 

22CJ0 20950 

11J4 ia79 

223 268 

150 153 

84050 59050 

Rates for small deflemination bank notes 
onty as suppiieo by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Different rates apply lo travellers 
cheques and other foreign currency 

Retafl Price Index: 3865 
London: The FT Index ctead down 9 2 
on Friday at 13565 

Time-. Portfolio Cold rules are as 
follow* _ 

1 Timi-i PoriroUo n free Purchase 
or The Times is not a condition of 
inking pan 

2 Times PorMoflo fist comprises a 

group (H pudhe companies whose 
shares are listed on the sort 
exchange and auoted in The Times 
Slock txenang* prices The 

rompanii-, comprising llwl -Jbt .will 
change from day lo day The list 
m furl, is numbered 1 - 44 1 is die Ided 
inio four randomly disirlbulcd groups 
oi 11 shares Exery Portfolio card 
romaim two numbers from each 
group and each card contains a 
unique xe| of numbers 

S Times portfolio -dividend' will be 
I he figure in pence which represents 
(hi- optimum movement in prices li e 
the largest increase or krwesi iqssi of a 
combination of eight iiwo from each 
randomly dlslrlbuledgrcup wilhln the 
« xharesi of Ihe 44 shares which on 
am one day comprise The Times 
Porllollo Ini 

4 The dally dividend^ will be 
aunounred each day and Ihe weekly 
dividend will be announced each 
Saiurdas in The Times 

5 Times Portfolio list and details of 
ihe nails nr weekly dividend will also 
he available lor I ns pec bon al Ihe 
offices of The Times 

e If ihe overall price moxemeni of 
more itun one comotnalion of shares 
equals ihe dividend, me prize will be 
equniiv divided among ihe claimants 
hukling ihose combuiaUons of snares 

7 All claims are subject lo scrutiny 
before pavnienl Any Times Portfolio 
ram lhal rs defaced, tampered with or 
mrorrmi) primed In any way will De 

declared void 

8 F.mptov ees of News fniemaiional 
pw and ns subsidiaries and of 
Liitontiiu Croup Limited iproducrrs 
and diMnnuiors of ihe curd) or 
members n| uvcir immediate (amines 
.lie nol allowed lo Play Times 

« All nailKIpanl*. will be vibierf lo 
Ihiwe Rules All insiriiciians on -now 
lo plav " and "ho» lo claim - whether 
puoiisheit hi The Times or In Time* 
Porliolio cards will be deemed la be 
part uf these Rules The Editor 
revel \es the rlqhl lo amend Ihe Rules 

10 in am dispuie The Editor's 
derision |x final and no correspon 

11 If for any reason The Times 
Prves Page Is nol oublKhed In Ihe 
normal wav Times Portfolio will be 
suspended lor that day 

How id play - Daily OMdond 
On each day your uniuue sel of eight 
numbers will represent commercial 
and industrial shares published in The 
Times Port i ch i o list which will appear 
on Ihe Stork Exchange Prices page 
In fhe columns provided next to 
sour shares nolo Ihe once change »♦ 
Of >. in pence a Published Mi ttiaf 
day's Times 

After listing Ihe price changes of 
sour eight -hares lor that day. add up 
all igghi share changes to give you 
sour overall toial plus or minus i+ or 

Check your overall total against The 
Times Portfolio dividend published on 
Ihe Stork Exchange Prices page 
If your overall lolal matches The 
Times Poniolio dividend sou have 
won ouirxjtil or a share of Uie lolal 
price money slated for (hoi day and 
must claim your once as Instructed 

How lb ptay - WBWdjr Dtvfcfend 

Monday Saturday record your daily 
Portfolio lolal 

Add these HNdMr lq determine 
tour weekly Portfolio total 
H vour total matches the published 
v, eeklv dividend figure you have won 
ouirnhi or a snare of the prize money 
stated for lhal week, and must claim 
vour price as instructed below 

How CO 6bt0 


SSSSh'&FUS! fJSTter Dividend. 
N« Man can be accented oertma thasa 

You muM have your card with you 
when tou lefrphotie 
If \ ou are unable lo lelephom- 
scmirone rise call claim on j our behalf 
mil Ifwv mini have spur card and rail 
The rimes Porlfblio claims line 
between ihe stipulated limes 
No responsiwiuv ran he arcrpied 
lor i.nlure la contact ihe claims office 
f oi am reason wihm ihe stated 

The allot e instructions are ap 
piic able to both daily and wrekb 
dividend claims 


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point to a 

Mounting speculation of 
Pearson break-up bid 

From Maxwell Newton 
New York 

Economic policy making in 
the United States is close to 
paralysis, as the evidence of 
economic stagnation and ap- 
proaching recession spreads. 

' Two indicators summarize 
the developments in thinking 
dyer the past month. 

First, the 30-year 714 US 
bond has risen from $93375 

on Jane 2 to $101 on June 3 in 
New York - a rise of 83 per 
cent, which has driven the 
yield on this longest bond 
down to 7.15 per cent Mean- 
while. the yield on the 90-day 
T-Bill has fallen from 63 per 
cent to 6.Q5 per . cent 
1 Those figures reflect the the 
bond market's conviction that 
economic growth has, for all 
practical purposes, 

■ Secondly, the dollar has 
suffered a heavy loss against 
the yen, with the September 
contract falling from 175 yen 
on June 2, to 160 yen on July 
3, a (frop of &5 per cent in a 
month. With the Japanese 
elections over the prospect of a 
speculative “meltdown" of the 
dollar against the yen con- 
fronts the authorities. 

The dollar loss in the' past 
month has been indicative of a 
growing suspicion over the 
currency. The nightmare for 
die Americans -is a mass 
desertion of the dollar for'the 

The idea of the yen moving 
to par with the dollar is no 
longer thought to be outland- 
ish, as the American economy 
struggles with depression, 
massive debt in relation to 
income and rapidly escalating 
external debt, at the rate of 
$150 billion (£97 billion) a 
year. y 

This combination of dollar 
weakness and domestic 
spreading recession has para- 
lysed Federal Reserve policy, 
shown in the rigidity of the 
Federal funds rate, while so 

Speculation was growing 
over the weekend that Quad- 
rex Securities, a smalt private 
investment banking group 
which owns the moneybroker 
RP Martin, would pul togeth- 
er a consortium bid for Pear- 
son, the merchant banking to 
publishing conglomerate. 

Quadrex, headed by Mr 
Gary Mesch, an American, is 
understood to want to break 
up Pearson into its constituent 
parts, which Mr KJesch be- 
lieves are worth more than the 
sum of the whole. The Pear- 
son empire owns hazard 
Brothers, the merchant bank, 
the Financial Times and The 
Economist papers. Penguin, 
Longman and Westminster 
publishers. Royal Doulton 
china, GoldcresL the film 
company, Yorkshire TV and 
Chateau La tour, the French 

Quadrex's plan, code name 

By Alison Eadie 

Project Alphabet, envisages 
inviting five investors to com- 
mit £100 million to £125 
million to a new company, 
Pearson Acquisitions Compa- 
ny. to make a highly geared 
bid pitched at around £1.25 
billion, or 665p a share. 

If successful, Quadrex 
would then dispose of the 
parts of Pearson through asset 
sales, management buyouts 
and flotations both here and 
in the United States. 

Speculation about a break- 
up bid for Pearson has been 
rife for several months, caus- 
ing Pearson shares to rise 
steadily from under 400p in 
January to 603p on Friday. 
The Pearson board, under the 
Chairmanship of Lord Blaken- 
ham. is expected to put up a 
fierce resistance. The 
Cowdray family is thoughr to 
control 20 jo 25 per cent of the 

Project Alphabet has target- 
ed Lazard Brothers as one of 
the first assets to be sold for a 
possible £200 million to £325 
million. Lazard Frtrcs, the 
New York investment bank, 
has first right of refusal. 

The newspaper and publish- 
ing business could be worth up 
to £700 million, according to 
Quadrex's estimates. Royal 
Doulton has been valued at 
about £275 million. Mr 
Klesch plans either to float it 

in London or New York or and unsuccessful bid earlier 
possibly to sell it to the this year by Demerger Corpo- 

London International Group 
run by another American, Mr 
Alan Woltz. LIG, which al- 
ready owns Royal Worcester, 
had its bid for Wedgwood 
referred to the Monopolies 

ration for Extef, the publishing 
and information services 

Demerger again proposed 
breaking up Extel because it 
believed the individual pans 

and Mergers Commission last would be worth more than ihe 


Any sale of Royal Doulton 
to LIG could therefore expect 
to receive similar scrutiny 

Forte set 
for £200m 
Imps deal 


5/tonne 2800 

London Futures, 
second position 

By Cliff Feltham 

Few firms 
apply for 
top honour 

Mr Rocco Forte, heir to the 
Trusthouse Forte hotel em- 
pire. looks set to puU off his 
first major deal since taking 
over as chief executive by 
agreeing to pay about £200 
million to Hanson Trust for a 
clutch of the Imperial Group's 
hotel, restaurant and off- 
licence interests. Meetings 
have taken place between Mr 
Forte and Lord Hanson, it is 
understood, and a deal ap- 
pears imminent. 

Mr Forte was abroad yester- 
day and was not available for 
comment, but the official 
company line is that no agree- 
ment has been reached. 

However, sources close to 
the company say the two 
businesses would fit well and 
unless THF is outbid or there 


Coffee prices sink 
as talks falter 

By Richard Lauder 

many other rates have fallen, is an unexpected hitch the deal 

On Jime ;2 foods were 
trading af d'-Vta On July 3 
they were at They have 

could be concluded within the 
next couple of weeks. 

The package takes in a chain 
of 29 Anchor Hotels, 61 1 

Happy Eater roadside r*uau- 
chnrt T-firiLvfekk. , : - rants, and the Welcome Break 


$ ***** 

* KB^- 

M vr? 

short TrJW yields*;*,/ - 

Mr Paul Volcker appears 
more concerned about a ran on 
the dollar than he is about the 
prospect 4»f domestic reces- 
sion. The announcement by 
Mr Beiyl Sprinted, chairman 
of the "Council of Economic 
Advisers last week that he had 
renounced monetarism and 
that be “Does not know where 
we are going" was long 

Mr Sprinkd has now admit- 
ted that a whole range of 
advice on monetary expansion 
to the president was wrong. 

Now the Administration is 
trying to recover the ground 
lost during the last year of 
uusinfonnation, during which 
the “consensus" and the 
Council of Economic Advisers 
have erroneously advised the 
president that a strong eco- 
nomic recovery would occur in 
time Tor the crndal Senate 
elections this year. 

In the bond markets, a 
reduction of the discount rate 
to 6 per cent from 6 V 2 is built 
into the price structure. Over 
the weekend the 7% per cent 
30-year bond surged to 101 14 & 
in Tokyo. 

Far more is needed to save 
the US economy from a .dam- 
aging recession and a financial 
collapse, based on the inability 
of corporate America to ser- 
vice the huge debt structure 
that has been constructed 
since 1980. A funds rate of 5 
per cent or less is required. 

At the Treasury, Mr James 
Baker is now trying to evolve a 
worldwide currency frame- 
work similar to the European 
Monetary System, permitting- 
only limited and infrequent 
currency adjustments. 

motorway outlets. ] 

Over the past few years ! 
THF has been noted more as a 
seller than a buyer, unloading 
a number of peripheral inter- 
ests in travel and publishing. 

Observers, pointed out that ! 
the Happy Eater chain would j 
fit snugly into THFs own| 
Little Chef operation, the 
Welcome Break outlets would 
be compatible with its own 
motorway service stations, 
while the hotels would fill in 
the gaps in its own country- 
wide chain. 

Hanson Trust shares had 
risen in the stock market on 
Friday on speculation that it 
was coming close to starting to 
break up ihe Imperial Group 
which it won after a fierce £14 
billion takeover battle with 
United Biscuits. 

The real interest is likely to 
be the future of the Courage 
brewing business with specu- 
lation that the asking price 
could be in the region of £1 

Discussions among the 
world's leading coffee produc- 
ing and importing countries 
on the possible reintroduction 
of export quotas have done 
little to boost sentiment in the 
coffee world. 

Indeed, as the members of 
the International Coffee Orga- 
nization (ICO) met in London 
last week, futures prices on the 
London Commodity Ex- 
change sank to their lowest 
levels for nine months. 

The ICO members ad- 
dressed themselves to a num- 
ber of quota-related problems 
at their week-long meeting but 
came to few conclusive 

ICO sources said it was 
decided that the organi- 
zation's board should recon- 
vene as soon as it became 
apparent that the average 
daily ICO price was about to 
breach the 134.55 cent per Jb 
mark at which quotas are 
triggered The average now 
stands near 147 cents. 

Quotas were suspended in 

The meeting also discussed 
changes to the way quotas are 
handled In the two-month 
transitionfty period after they 
are triggered although the 
sources said European Eco- 
nomic Community delegates 
wanted to take these proposals 
back to their governments 
before taking them further. 

The far thornier question of 
a redistribution of coffee quo- 
tas from October was also 
broached although discus- 
sions made little progress 
apparently . 

While European roasters 
and traders have criticized the 
present quota distribution sys- 
tem which, they say, reflects 
neither availability in export- 
ing countries nor the prefer- 
ences of consumers. Brazil has 
already given notice that it 
will not accept a cut in its 
present 30 per cent share of 
total quotas. 

The matter is up for further 
discussion at the ICO’s main 
annual session in September. 

None of this did much to 1 

February after last year’s se- impress the futures markets, 
vere drought in Brazil led to a where traders say that the 

sharp rally in prices. However, introduction of quotas would 
rales have fallen steadily over do little to alter sentiment 

the past four months, with 

limp price rally at the 

sentiment undermined in re- start of the week was soon 
cent weeks by the mildness of wiped out and September 

the present Brazilian winter futures ended £51 a tonne 
which should considerably lower at £1,643, barely half the 

boost next year’s crop. 

level at the start of the year. 

By Onr Industrial 

The number of enterprises 
bidding for the Confederation 
of British Industry's company 
of the year title has fallen by 
half! despite strenuous efforts 
by Britain's industrial institu- 
tions to promote 1986 as 
Industry Year. 

Last year, more than 3,000 
companies competed for the 
honour, with Mr Richard 
Branson's Virgin Group 
emerging as the winner. But 
only 1.500 have applied to be 
considered for the 1986 

The title wifi go to the 
company which is considered 
to have made the most signifi- 
cant contribution to the cre- 
ation of wealth and jobs in 
Britain during Industry Year. 
Applicants must have a turn- 
over of at least £5 million a 
year. Previous winners have 
included Barratt Develop- 
ments, J. Sainsbury, Racai, S 
R Gent and Applied Comput- 
er Techniques. 

The CBI stressed today that 
it was still seeking entries from , 
British' companies with “an 
outstanding record of 
achievement”. The deadline 
for entries is July 31. 

Mr David Nickson, the CBI 
president, said: “Companies 
will be judged not only on 
their economic contribution 
but also on enterprise in the 
design, manufacture and mar- 
keting of their products or 

Out of the total, about 50 
applicants are selected for 
thorough assessment. Of 
these, six are finally investi- 
gated by officials of the Man- 
agement College, Henley. 

This year's award will be 
presented by Mr Norman 
Tebbit, chairman of the Con- 
servative Party, at a lunch in 
London in October in aid of 
the Royal Society for Mentally 
Handicapped Children and 
Adults (Mencap). 

Management survey highlights 
shortcomings of UK industry 

By Edward Townsend 
Industrial Correspondent 

Industrial Correspondent OBSTACLES TO CHANGE 

British manufacturing in- Which of these do you think provide foe greatest obstacles in your 
dustry's most pressing need is company bringing 1 about foe kinds of changes needed for it to be 
7; I„ hotter nmd- successful »n foe future? 

simply to make better prod- 
ucts, according to a survey of 
directors and senior managers 
published today. 

Half of all the senior and 
middle managers questioned 
said that product improve- 
ment was the priority for 


m -5--H 

Sr 5*14^ 


««■. <**&■ 

As things stand, however, ra eni was the priority tor 
he may be. overwhelmed by the change, followed by training 
urgency of dealing with the a nd development of man age- 

con bination of a recession in 
the US and a run on the dollar. 


ment skills. 

The survey, conducted by 
Market and Opinion Research 
International (Mori)for the 
consultancy firm Ingersoli En- 

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TODAY - Interims: County 
Properties Group. Fleming 
Ctaverhouse Investment 
Trust Glass Glover Group, 
Securiguard Group. Finals: 
Carelo Engineering. Electronic 
Rentals Group, Platon Inter- 
national. Vinien Group. 
TOMORROW - Interims: 
Domino Printing Sciences, 
Fleming Overseas Investment 
Trust. Granada Group. 
Finals: British Building and 
Engineering Appliances, Hogg 
Robinson Group. Stroud K - 
ey Drummond. Tootnui. 
Triplex. , , _ . „ 

Associated Newpaper Hold- 
ings. City Site Estates. M & G 

Dual Trust. Micro Systems 
Group, Southern Business 
Group. Finals: Birmingham 
Mint Group. , . ,, 

THURSDAY - Interims: Al- 
exander Holdings. Birmid 
Qualcast. Daily Mail and 
General Trust, Egerton TrusL 
Fleming Far Eastern Tnvest- 
ment Trust. Jersey Bectncn> 
Company. Tribune Invest- 
ment Trust. Finals Baileys 

to change 

Unwillingness ol work force to accept 

Lack of marketing skills 
Lack of technical skffls on shop floor 
Lack of technological Knout- how 
among top management 

gineers, underlines tne diner- ^ financial resources 
ences in industry between Unwillingness ol top management to 

middle and 

Middle managers tend to ^ 00 ^ _ . . . . . 

agree with their senior col- *— — 

STS charge. and i. U clear 

CU KU W ' 1 . ,L rt no vii;n Ar tnrw> VAQrc tvvfh 





%of middle 
in same 
with senior 




























improvement, management the last two or three years both 
IS* « of information *n.or and — 

tKhnotogyandapplitalion of am agreed that Ute .gratat 
aSvaiSsdmanutoiriiil ted.- change MM m pmd- 

“Low growth and profit 
were more often associated 
with changes in industrial 
relations practices.'" 

On the surface, says Mori, 

"'bu?' middle managers are information technology, man- 

le« 1 kcly ro agree wth their agemenl structure and oigam- 
jess iimtij iw ., -Mtifin mmnf»tine amviiiK 

uci improvements, use of senior and middle managers 
information technology, man- in manufacturing industry ap- 

bosses that changes are needed zauon competing acovim 

tananMemeni structure and attitudes of top. management 
m managem . , ^ manufacturing practices. 

o^n^oonJCKniKUtors ac- an^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 

ri Av and supervisor training. On the teauersiup mm, in 
11 ^ondSed 300 inter- companies "here U» top*- 

views, mostly of undergone considerable_ 

directors, chief executives, 
sales and marketing execu- 
tives. finance directors, pro- 
duction and technical man- 
ager and personnel managers. 

Middle managers, a joo lor 
which there is no universal 

* regarded as undergone a great aeai 01 
definition, were regaroeo c j ian o e j n information tech- 
peopte two levels below the cnange w 

board. . .• ' 

men TrnsL Jersey Electricity board- desjgne d to also . correlated lwjth more 

romnanv Tribune Invest- rinriVh manage- training of managers, supervi- 

ment's” attitude , sore and operators. 

Joap Stroud (Holdings). ^ ^ ^ 

mire and organi- pear to agree on the main 
teting activities, obstacles to success. These are 
Bp management seen as unwillingness of mid- 
turing practices, die management to accept 
dership front, in change (40 per cent of senior 
here the top di- managers, 39 per cent of 
js belief that they middle managers) unwilling- 
jne considerable ness of workers to accept 
change, a greater proportion of change (32 per cent and 41 per 
iheir middle managers. agree, cent) and lack of marketing 

Mori says: “Companies skills (30 per cent and 28 per 
v\ ith higher growth and profit cent), 
records over the last five years . Jr adds: “Underneath, how- 
ivere more likely to have ever! there is relatively little 
undergone a great deal of consensus. Only one of the 
’ formation tech- obstacles identified by senior 
igher growth was managers is also seen as an 
ed with more obstacle by more than 50 per 
rnagers. supervi- cent of middle managers in 
ators. the same companies — this is 


unwillingness ofthe workforce 
to accept change”. 

Where unwillingness of 
middle managers to accept 
change is seen as a big obstacle 
by senior management, a sur- 
prisingly high 47 per cent of 
middle managers in the same 
companies share the same 

The survey also appears to 
show that top executives have 
a greater belief in the extern of 
worker involvement that is 
carried out in their companies 
than do their middle manage- 
ment colleagues. 

Thirty nine per cent of 
senior directors thought their 
companies consulted a great 
deal with their employees 
compared with 21 per cent of 
middle managers. 

In a third of those compa- 
nies where senior managers 
said they consulted a great 
deal, ora fair amount, middle 
managers said they consulted 
only a little or nor at all. 

Managers generally fa- 
voured consultation on a wide 
range of subjects. But only 42 
per cent of middle managers 
who said it was important to 
consult with employees about 
attitudes of middle managers 
said that definite steps bad 
been taken to do so. 

At least half of senior 
executives said their standing 
in the world was better than 
thai of most competitors, if 
not the besL particularly in 
terms of product quality (77 
per cent), reliability of prod- 
ucts (77 per cent), product 
design (52 per cent), use of up- 
to-date technology in products 
(52 per cent) and production 
(52 per cent). 

But a fifth feh that their 
prices were worse. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

from ihe Monopolies Com- 

A further brake on Mr 
KJesch's plan could be the 
Independent Broadcasting 
Authority. It intervened 10 
prevent The Rank Organi- 
sation from bidding for Gra- 
nada because of the Granada 
TV franchise. Yorkshire TV 
could be expected to be simi- 
larly protected. 

The proposed bid would be 
similar in style to the smaller 

Let battle commence 
over SRO immunity 

group was capitalized at on the 
stock market. 

h is noi clear what level of 
support, if any, Mr Klesch has. 

The Financial Services Bill is to 
j receive its second reading in the 
House of Lords on Friday before 
moving on to the standing committee in the Lords this month. It will 
be interesting to see what the Lords, 
with a strong representation from the 
professions, and a tendency to impose 
their personalities on the legislative 
process, make of the Bill. 

The Department of Trade and 
Industry, which has sponsored the 
Bill, is not expecting the drubbing in 
the Lords it received over the earlier 
Insolvency Bill. But its main repre- 
sentative in the Lords, Lord Lucas of 
Chilworth, lays no claim to expertise 
and is . to be bolstered on the 
Government side by the Lord Ad- 
vocate, Lord Cameron of Lochbroom. 

The highly controversial question 
of giving legal immunity to the self- 
regulatory organizations should cer- 
tainly generate an active debate. 

The Government unashamedly re- 
treated on this issue after collective 
lobbying from the SRO brigade, 
which said that it would not take up 
its position in the new self-regulatory 
regime without immunity from legal 

Hence SROs have been given 
immunity, which means that they 
cannot be sued for damages arising 
out of the exercise of their duties in 
good faith. Lord Denning has pul his 
name down to speak on the Bill on 
Friday. Certainly the most famous 
judge in modern times. Lord Den- 
ning, both in the Lords and in his 
pivotal position as Master of the Rolls 
in the Court of Appeal, has extended 
the law of negligence to institutions 
which previously were regarded as 
largely immune from legal attack. 
Hence local authorities, doctors and 
banisters are a few that have found 
that their position in relation to the 
law was not as sacrosanct as many 

Moreover, a string of Lord 
Denning’s judgments in the Court of 
Appeal consistently refused to allow 
commercial organizations to escape 
their legal responsibilities by the use 
of exclusion clauses. 

Lord Denning will be supporting 
the Bill and the immunity which it 
grants the SRO network. “I can well 
understand the nervousness of some 
of these new bodies,” he says. 

He invokes the same public policy 
argument in favour of immunity 
which underlines his extension of 
liability for negligence. “You have got 
to ask what is the best public policy for 
everyone to adopt. There are cate- 
gories of individuals wbo will be 
prevented from performing their 
proper functions from fear of action. 
Actions for negligence have gone 
beyond all bounds,” he says. 

The policy or pragmatic argument 
for immunity does not, however, 
justify extending it to prevent mem- 
bers of the public of the Aunt Agatha 

variety from suing an SRO for 
negligence. The possibility of actions 
from the public should not inhibit the 
SROs from the proper performance of 
their duties. 

If the Lords want to impress their 
personality on this Bill, then a move 
to reduce the ambit of immunity to al- 
low actions by individuals against 
negligent SROs provides them with an 
ideal and worthy opportunity. 

Coat tales 

The name of Windsmoor is long- 
established and well known at least to 
women aged 30 plus. It is said that 
everyone's grandmother had a 
Windsmoor coat. However, there is 
plenty in the offer for sale to attract - 
the men too, of whatever age. 

Chase Manhattan, incorporating 
Simon & Coates, is offering the 6.6 
million shares at 120p to give a 
historic p/e ratio of just under 14 on 
an actual taxed basis, and 12‘/2 on a 35 
per cent tax charge. By retailing 
standards the p/e is modest. 

Windsmoor, whose labels include 
Windsmoor and Planet for those in 
the 25 to 45 age group, is not a typical 
retailer. It sells through concessions in 
more than 500 department stores, so it 
has no property exposure and no rent 
to pay. It pays a percentage of the 
business done to the stores. It. can also 
put the range of clothes it wants into 
the stores without having to rely on a 
store buyer to place forward 
is also not a manufacturer but 
contracts out its designs to manufac- 
turers around the world. 

The group's trading record of the 
past five years has been one of steady 
growth with taxable profits rising 
from £388,000 in 1 982 to £2.8 million 
in the year ending January 31. 
Somewhat surprisingly for a business 
with a 53 year record, there is no 
profits forecast. With five months 
trading under its belt, the company 
must have an idea how profits for the 
year will shape up. Even though the 
more important autumn/winter range 
is going into the shops only now, 
wholesale forward orders, admittedly 
a small part ofthe business in relation 
to concessions, are 25 per cent ahead. 

There is, however, a prospective 
dividend yield of 4.3 per cenL Future 
growth is expected to come from 
further concessions in Britain. Al- 
though by the end of this year there 
will be extensive national coverage 
with 551 concessions, there is still 
scope for more in smaller towns. The 
company also hopes to capitalize on . 
its brand name abroad, especially in . 
Europe where sales last year were 3 
per cent of the total. 

The pricing of the offer should 
allow for a premium when dealings 
begin on July 1 7. The founding Green 
family will retain 70 per cent of the 




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Traded options turnover 
‘to rise by up to 1 ,000%’ 

Turnover on ihe London. 
Traded Options market has 
reached consistently high lev- 
els this > ear. reaching its peak 
on March 12 when 33.681 
contracts were traded. Store- 
o> er. according to those clos- 
est to the market, the best is 
>et to come. Conservative 
estimates say turnover will 
increase at least 600 per cent 
over the next 12 months 
straddling big bang, while 
others see a 1.000 per cent 
increase as more lifceK . 

This ros\ outlook contrasts 
markedly with the rather 
difficult upbringing that the 
market has had since its birth 
in April 1978. almost five 
years to the day after the 
Chicago Board Options Ex- 
change (CBOE) emerged and 
a few weeks after the Amster- 
dam-based European Op- 
tions Exchange (EOE) 
opened for business. 

The LTO market has been 
plagued by a number of 
obstacles, such as the fiscal 
treatment of options as wast- 
ing assets and all the 
anomolous capital gains tax 
consequences this produced, 
as well as the taxation of 
pension funds on options 

Of course, there has been, 
and indeed still persists, con- 
siderable ignorance about the 
function of the market and 
the way in which options 
work. A large part of the 
blame for this must be attrib- 
uted tothe Stock Exchange. 

The CBOE ran a planned 
educational programme 
which started from two years 
before the market opened and 
was supported by media ad- 
vertising and clear explana- 
tory literature. The EOE 
according to one market 
source, "went about the 
whole business of introduc- 
ing traded options far more 
actively and professionally ' 
than the Stock Exchange 

The EOE is an independent 
organization. The LTO. how- 
ever. coming under the Stock 
Exchange’s wing, was regard- 
ed by the Stock Exchange 


Average daily volume 
To 20/3/86 


1984 1985 . 1986 

instantaneous decisions." 

The nature of the market as 
an open ouicn one at least 
assures it a permanent place 
on the Stock Exchange floor 
where it should become the 
dominant presence, operat- 
ing alongside market makers 
trading gamma and delta 

At the moment, there are at 
least three market makers for 
each one of the 40 nock 
options quoted on the LTO 
market. Smith New Court 
has the largest market share, 
but then it has been a 
consistent supporter of the 
market and trades all the 

stocks. The vast majority of 

Council as very much periph- 
eral and low priority. 

It is only in the past few 
years that the Stock Exchange 
has substantially increased 
financial support for the de- 
velopment of the market, as 
well as upgrading the Stock 
Exchange Options Comiuee 
to a full committee from 
being a mere sub-committee 
of the markets committee. 

It now runs a detailed 
education programme, incor- 
porating evening briefings at 
advanced and introductory 
levels, in-house seminars, 
one and two-day training 
courses, etc. 

Apart from making a slow . 
start in spreading the gospel 
about the traded option, the 
Stock Exchange has also had 
a few teething problems with 
the computerized matched 
bargains system which it 
introduced in March. Stock 
Exchange sources say the 
exchange has been preoccu- 
pied with the development of 
SEAQ. the Stock Exchange 
Automated Quotations sys- 
tem. so that computerization 
for the LTO market was 
given low priority. 

The March failure was a 
case of an unlucky Friday the 
14th for the Stock Exchange, 
as the market failed to open 
at all on this day. The 

problem was precipitated by 
hardware faults in the com- 
puterized matched bargains 
system which had been intro- 
duced the previous day. The 
exchange says the problems 
with option computerized 
sy stems have been sorted out. 

One area where the ex- 
change is suffering at the 
moment is the luring away of 
some of its best options staff, 
such as the board inspectors, 
by firms anxious to bolster 
their traded options teams. 

There is a shortage of 
trained talent in the traded 
options market at the mo- 
ment and the 1 1 market 
makers and the broking firms 
that lake options seriously 
(almost all do now) are 
prepared to pay high sums to 
snap up what little there is. 

On the market-making 
side, the nature of the market 
as an open outcry market 
makes a traded option mar- 
ket maker a much more 
specialist animal than his or 
her counterparts in straight- 
forward equities. 

"It is far more competitive, 
so if you are not up to it then 
you will not survive." one 
experienced options market 
maker said. "In equities, you 
have more time as you are 
dealing on a one-to-one basis. 
In options, you have to make 

business, in terms of volume 
at least is institutional, with 
estimates ranging from 75 per 
cent upwards. In terms of 
bargains struck, however, the 
mix between institutions and 
private diems is roughly 

The consensus of opinion 
is lhai big bang is going to 
provide a considerable ex- 
pansion to traded option 

The idea is that the market 
makers will use traded op- 
tions as a means of hedging 
their books. The old jobbing 
firms, strongly nurtured on 
risk, will have to use the 
traded option to operate a 
controlled-risk book, thereby 
satisfying their new. more 
risk-averse masters. 

Moreover, many of the 
new entrants to the business 
of market making in UK 
equities, particularly those 
from overseas, are focusing in 
the short term on winning 
market share rather than 

Traded options will prove 
useful as a means of limiting 
the downside of such a 
potentially disastrous strate- 
gy. The Stock Exchange's 
policy of introducing a new 
stock option, generally in a 
front-line stock, at the rate of 
one a month, will also broad- 
en die range of hedging 
possibilities available in the 
post-big bang era. 

Lawrence Lever 


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Republic of Colombia 

8 V«% External Sinking' Fond Bonds Due February 1, 1988 

NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, on behalf of the Republic of Colombia, that on August 1. 1986. §750.000 principal 
amount of its 8' A External Sinking Fund Bonds will be redeemed out of moneys to be paid by it to Dillon. Read & Co. 
Inc., as Principal Paying Agent, pursuant to the mandatory, annual redemption requirement of said Bonds and to the 

related Authenticating Agency Agreement and Paying Agency Agreement, each dated as of Februarv l._1973. 
Manufacturers Hanover Trust Company, as Authenticating Agent. ’ 

bearing the followingserial numbers; 

*nL has selected, by lot, for such redempiionLhe Bonds 

M 73 







Coupon Bonds to be redeemed 
902 986 1026 1090 1246 2470 

m whole: 

2803 3175 






























































































































































































































































































































































































R 2 
r 3 
R 4 
R 5 
R 15 
R 214 

Registered Bonds without coupons to be redeemed in whole 
the principal amount to be redeemed: 

or in part and 



















R 2l5 


R 221 


R 661 

S 4.000 


R 216 


R 222.. 

. 25.000 

R 883 



R 217 


R 223.. 

. 25.000 

R 961 





R 218 

R 219 

R 220 

. 25.000 

R 409 

R 410.. 
R 656 . 




Bonds so selected for redemption lor in the case of a partial redemption the portion to be redeemed ) will become and 
be due and pavable in United States dollars on August 1. 1986. at theofficeof Dillon. Read & Co. Inc_ 19 Rector Street. 

XT 3T 1 Ai iAt? ~.m L..m4m A J motif MflfA.lnf *k/i r* v>« tioivMi o " 

v^uuv MMie ... ~ c --i« V46iv«vi U LU. CCU 

New- York. New York 10006. at one hundred per cent (100% I of the principal amount thereof with interest accrued 

ids shou!d_ be presented for redemption together with all appurtenant 

... . appurtens 
5 io be redeemed tor 
Read & Co. Inc. on 

date. _ 


H Al°ihe C option of the respective holders of the Bonds selected for redemption, the principal amount thereof and 

Milan. Italy; Brussels. Belgium: Frankfurt. West Germany and Tokyo. Japan, respectively. 


Priiicifjal Paying Agvtil 

Dated: July 7. 1986 


The company has agreed to 
acquire tram the 'i orkshire 
Agricultural Society a develop- 
ment site of acres in Harro- 
gate and has at the same lime 
agreed m principle with J 
Sainsbury to construct a super- 
market of $5,000 59 ft, on the 
site, subject to planning consent. 
Parkdale has also exchanged 
contracts to sell the leasehold 
interest in the Demon Park 

shopping centre to New England 
Properties for £1-2~5.00Q. 

company has exchanged con- 
tracts to purchase the freehold 
investment at 90-95 Wimpole 
Street. 25 Wigmore Street and 1- 
2 We) beck Siren. London W| 
for £14." million. It will be 
financed by a variable rate 10- 
year borrowing facility with 
National Westminster Bank. 
Rems reserved total £1.101.500 
a year exlusive subject to five 
yearly reviews, upwards only 
due next in 1986 and 1989. 

INGS: A final dividend of 3p is 
payable for the year to March 
3|I making a total of5.7p(5.3p). 
With figures in £000. net income 
from investment properties was 
4.609 (4.315). administration 
and other expenses 496 (427). 
other operating income 160 
(251). share of related compa- 
nies 144 (171). cost of finance 
3.111 (2.525) and profit before 
tax 1.306 (1.785). Earnings per 
share were 6.16p (1 1.34pL 


CORPORATION: An interim 
dividend of 0.5p gross has been 
declared, payable on August 26. 
The board intends to recom- 
mend a final dividend of not less 
than J.Op gross. With figures in 
£000. turnover was 6321 
(9.186) for the six months to 
April 30. Croup profit on or- 
dinary activities before tax. after 
crediting net proceeds of 
£922.000 from an insurance 
claim, were 682 (1-506). Earn- 
ings per share were 0.7p (l.lph 


Borland float proves 
exception to the rule 

. . . / -nnj ««rl ihi* mmnanv has a 

It is proving to be an active 
summer on the Unlisted Seai- 
rities Market. At the point 
when it was universally _ ac- 
knowledged that L’nued 
States companies were diffi- 
cult io float on the USM. an 
exception to the rule has 
arisen. Scarred by the flop* of 
Mrs Fields in May. Schrodos 
latest issue from the L S. 
Borland International, was 
cautiously priced and has 
started dealings at an 1 Ip 

The company is one of the 
largest independent publishers 
of microcomputer software in 
the world with a wide range of 
applications from educational 
to 01 

lusiness use. It is therefore 
cushioned from changes in 
fashion in any one of its 

Continuing investment in 
product development has al- 
lowed the company to stay at 
the forefront of software tech- 
nology and to produce mar- 
ket-orientated new products 
on a regular baas. 

Pretax profits are forecast to 
rise from $8.7 million (£5.6 
million ) in 1 986 to S 1 7.5 
million in 1988 and the price 
earnings ratio falls from 16 
times in historic 1986 to 12 
times in 1 987 and 8.9 times in 
1988. The growth potential is 
not fully reflected in this 

Elsewhere, the new issue 
market is patchy. Spade Plan- 
ning Services, which was ex- 
pensively priced as a people's 

business at 16 times, has none 
the less received a good recep- 
tion. but Chelsea Man. where 
the sponsors were rather am- 
bitious to pitch a rag trade 
stock on 20 times earnings 
despite a good record, has 
been left with the underwrit- 
er. Discrimination and selee- 
tivin are the order of the day. 

If ‘the new issue market is 
sensitive, the established 
USM market is enjoying a 
happy phase. The jobbers 
report a good level of turnover 
and renewed interest on the 
pan of investors for smaller 
companies ’which are now 
perceived to offer good value 
against the market. Sentiment 
is helped by a stream of good 
results and* buoyant takeover 

One area of the market 
which remains flat is the 
British independent oil sector 
where there are a number of 
USM stocks which have been 
poor investments as ihe price 
of oil has fallen and. which 
remain highly speculative as 
the companies are short of 
cash and working capitaL 

There have been a number 
of takeovers and acquisitions 
in the sector as rationalization 
runs it course in this period of 
adversity. One of the most 
likely candidates on the USM 
for takeover is North Sea and 
General which originally came 
to the market as Dawsea in 

The company’s assets are 
wholly concentrated in Britain 



Pro O Be Gresa Ov 
lest 0" Vo 

Fnoay *•*» oence v P<E 

7315000 A3 U Go 12. 

5138 000 *TA SMCBOn 55 

7460000 Moercren 120 

4800000 Aoefoeen 5» Hsa *0 

06* 000 
12 le. 

4nt* Conip 


6921 000 

mm lenii 
» * gee 

• I 


• -2 

04 44 11 6 
21 1*147 

34 30 17.1 
31 74 112 




e 22 
34 12 717 

.77 *4 

93 35144 

26 Sa 

74 0b 

5320 000 
3408 DM 
2495 DOO 
68 6n 
20 * 8.000 


67 5m 

5.808 000 

21 Ml 
>028 000 
17 bn 

Aop Hommepne e 260 

I *MV 

DO 1 _ 

Asoen Comm* • 355 
48MI 144 


ASSOC Erertr 37 

ASO 213 

Aiaomegc 95 

BW 200 

bts Gib 7« 

Betfort rtManx 81 

BemeR 8 Fa*W> 19 . 
B9*oti 3 Cnsoe 38 

Bernefe? 8 Hey 
Benawy Em 
Bmm Go 
Bo nan mi 




Z9 20 1*2 







B nomm Sec 
B* Bocaaock 



*0»n iCnsrtet 
Bryant (Derau 
Bun RtRMtw 
CCA 8e4enK 
CUL fcfcoo 

21 ie» 

CPS Como 






















11 374 
50 77 
14 2S0 
54 92 
94 221 

78 89 

79 7i 
31 210 


• -13 

14 243 

14 42 108 

64b 64144 
50 24 181 


• -30 

52 11.1 
*3 94 


• -10 








49 102 
64 <05 
14 184 
24 21.7 

50 83 

84 an 
14 0m 






25 6** 

2701 000 
10 Ira 
120 m 





4 005400 

CPU Como 32 


CaMocraen OH 100 
C*1XXM« S a™ 100 
Cemon Street Imr 129 
Central TV 350 

OrnncnT Sea 103 
Cnedoow Europe 103 
CWM Men 135 

cram Metnodi 7 

Owrn w 205 

C4*r 14 

Crtwmra S3 

Oenw Hpooer 153 
a*Y«orm Praps 263 
Ooqbu Gc*a 19. 

S3rO* Hogt 30 

Coarae Ewchdoh 86 
Cosra Ernermi 58 

Coo-o* 1 me 
Pomp Pnt enoel 
Cori Tem 1*1 
Co^ » tra— 









• *5 

• -8 


... _.J7*2 

174 5.1 133 

31 34 1*5 

• -25 

31 23 222 
34 *29 . 
52 25 214 
. e 21 
15 1 6 157 

33 22 213 
10.7 4.1 132 





Craneme n 
Craton Looge 
Down me 

n : 

106 m 
3968 000 


dj Sec 4eme 


Dimet nm 
Oee" 8 Boxes 
De Bran lAnorai 

2i 7ra 
5184 000 
7428 000 
77 Sra 
3474 000 



Dewey »ew 






























54 65 104 




31 14 322 


1.1 1 1 194 
71 13.4 355 
57 1 8 111 



37 3810 





25 21 17J 
74 1.9 283 
21 32 172 

78 84 9.7 
24 24211 
64 83 IO 
10 1 1 151 


17 1.0152 

21 24 85 

14 14112 

49 23 226 
35 54 156 



25 63105 
29 22 176 

53 44 83 
107 84 ~ 

a « 

7.8 36 154 

56 13264 
03 14 165 

4 301.000 
U Ira 
15 0m 


E*n Puna 

EC" Secs 
Banogt ftm A 
EWcran House 
Etecnonc Dais P 

21 3m 
10 fm 
86*2 000 
31 Be 

Feresoroo* . 

fW On 
Fon: * Weston 




5 2 149 




22 2*1 
21 142 


• -7 





14 152 







24 172 



14 214 









156 *0 




Si MS 






1 5 234 




32 226 



68 21 












49 HI 


price CmDOH Or 

est o" an 
Frdty wee* pence *c PE 








29 Bn Frauen Coen 
263ra IVWWU 
37 8m Fuss' Srarff A 
8572000 GafacMXi 
2800000 Gee>BOMfl 
3120000 Gcnm Lyons 
T’ G4XK Mew 
*035 000 Gtoert House 
1 730000 Gcoel Gp 

6000000 Goowm 

i06m Gooonaao Prn 
2579000 Bourn lUmrancei 
9.10O4M Granym Surface 
9018000 Green lEnrasn 
1.650.000 Graenwcri Cbm 
123ra GrQSMnor Sq 
1215000 Guernsey M»W 160 

3200000 «B Elea 80 

7 78*000 Herapaen H BBHBI8 78 
169m Henons 38 

6925 000 Harney 6 Tbump 185 

2? Db Have*** Europe 22S 

547* 000 H*wi Cara 43 

2292000 Heevnra# *30 

4108400 Do A LV 380 

H e n Oe ra on Pnme 

12 Ira 255 

2960 000 Part 74 


*5 27 

•30 164 








-5 33 

-r 31 
-3 43 

-2 51 

• -2 34 

-2 49 


-5 66B 


-is or 

-3 21 


-7 48 

4 1 121 

29 151 
23 TS4 
29 207 
80 121 
64 142 
26 455 
SO 310 
74 105 
25 17 6 
37 154 
4 0 102 
46 11 1 
4 0131 

1 1 

86 80 
19 524 
09 27 1 
27 125 
46 120 
33 234 
21 259 
ZC 172 

2080.000 Hobson 
883S.O0Q Hougura 102 

*351400 Hotfcn Hyttoman 118 
29 7m Httnes A Maren*re665 
Hbknes Proteoon '23 

28 1* Horae hrtmem 

27 Bm Do A 
389m HOwsib Group 
23*9 000 Hionerse Bee 
Z37ra Humor SeiMr 



29 169 




3 * 166 



32 1*9 

1 "IZDOO P- 00 « 1 > Tr ’OB 


-1 . 




24 162 



23 185 








• -3 


H 5 130 



29 174 




3 * )74 



51 13 * 



64 as 



1 0 *20 

3985000 Re~fc« 




83 151 


3.190000 RW T— e Cairo 




SOD 25 124 


50d 29 107 

8765.000 I . 

3320.000 hnme 

20 7b Ml SaB Energy 
5*43400 MrefM 

ii am knere i eope Teen 
1071 D00 Monmn. 

1 16*400 Do 7"« . • 

(89b raraet u** u 

3611 ooo -SO Corao 



J 203 
*4 100 
3L6 24 200 
21 04 296 

32 18 167 
30 13 6 28 
' 109 

38 ta jS PemMgy 
1B4ra JMuts Vbi 

2127 000 JeypMt 
1.120 000 Jensens 
9469400 Jonraen 8 Jo^ 

-1 . 

79 38107 

07 25 239 
30 1 9 2*3 
~ 10301 

04 07 

n i 

4450 000JUB RuDDer 
187m RLP 

9600000 Kern ooran 
5065000 Kenyan Sea 




4503000 KMirSjrSWms 

128m Kliifc-T 
5878 000 LPA hio 

*451 MO LkOke 58 

5*81 000 Uo» TBotman 103 
9 763000 Lamee hm *2 

77 4ra Lawmar iij 

*08*000 >oage Cera 82 

n 3u Lor & CyaesMi 12s 

100m Lorwi Boa 188 

* 187 000 Lysanoe' PM 21 

*600000 MMT CBM! 230 

548* 000 MeLeupnun 8 133 

12 3m MagneSc Uaranab to 

158*400 U«nra 6* 

13 2 tm Menm I norma 163 
2500400 Uemoran 

i3ta Meyiee Cm 
159M Meynews Rara 
3i9ra Ucaaow Farm 

17 7a Meom Teen 
526*000 Meesnrara 
3726 000 Memory Comp 

• -* 



59 4J15.7 
61 54 125 

H 3B 10.6 
15 178 
23 29 175 
138 61 141 
1.7 2l 119 
1 4B 1 6 155 
39 *3 89 
40 69 72 
5* 52 124 


38 33 144 
29 35 17 1 
60 6*113 
36 14 155 

•-5 6 8 24 193 

-10 100 75 76 
-3 44 57 74 


-2 A7 24 224 









1536400 Meracor. bn Hogs 30 

154m M a n n er Sw aei 


io ora I _ 

1823 000 MentSoences 
1 ? 7* Umar 
6*35000 kAeneei unnm 

5 100 000 











3 1 2 7 258 
11 1 o is o 
5* 25 188 
S3 33133 
*3 *6 221 
232 25 

5JJ 167 34 
36 261S7 

78 22 167 
61 S3 162 

pnee Cr 8* Gra* 

* ir A H 
5**!* V 

203a O-rara Asraac 
590’ 000 PCT 
982 7000 Psor System 
3250000 Pse>*c Saa» 
*07ra P«ntf*eG= . 
1172000 *ra> V Le<s 
2i3n Ewr 
i55m 5 m 
3* 3m PtM GOuT 
9 TO 000 Pe-ear- 
2688400 iranunsjJ- 
977i 000 Peiera iMc-ae 
2200.000 Peraoar 
2*18400 Pcaowy RBOC 
aarnnpp p«- p ® 

2236000 pnewtra Dance 
2 1S6OOD mar liras 
1288000 Pesmec 
7200 000 P*Or 
'309m Pinmce 
. i55m Pcmtea. 













31 . 
I2B . 

• -2 

21 59 10 V 

48 35152 




43 65 85 

S3 2 7 132- 
40 07 


28 iine- 
47 321*0 
33b 25 8i0- 
V*. 8.1 61 
3- 23197 





29 93 151. 

. . !6£ 
36 87158. 
.14 SO 35 
40 25133 
2* 1 8 32' 
5* 31 2*' 
26 29121 

1 38*000 Reran; Mao' 
7547 000 Rnrw [OAS 
1 891 000 Sort* 6 A(W 
8406400 Ruoan 1 Or 

l*rih SAC 
100m PnotD. 

4 252000 50PCn'e Pff 
iD*m S*ra9a 
463*000 Scent 
' 11 Oa Sear»ro"4 
1 Sen 1 



• -3 


6095000 Seeu^an 

” 1 SerecTV 

2332400 ! 

IS 8m SnsnawCK 
T Ora Snare Drag Sns 
3879 000 Snerory Jones 
469ra Sraraio- Sec 
7380000 Sne-wpoc Cb^ 
449*000 &gne» 

6413000 S*—s Csier^s 
10 Om 5*04* rttmarai 
9772000 Snwn 
7539000 Sncwocm Bu y 
*200400 SounCPBC*S 
22**n Smo Bus 
8772000 SW Rasou-eas 
5100400 Saace Pamng 
* 560 DOO SoaGk Tam 
30660O0 Spectra Auto 
206* 000 SoeCfvr 
0475 000 Sooe 









. 21 A 
01 01 .. 

29 *0-79 
66 39 14(1 
21 16 205 

3 1 31305 


*3 38 164 
57 35 123 


43 25 1*8 
39 44 163 

-5 ■ 

3500000 Sprav 
' "I £a*wo6 1 

558* 000 SAMM Mens 
■ mas 

8980400 Mies 33 
H2m MAwara Brawi 
3803000 Akse Woaa 


8982000 Moorgaia Go 
i5Ba Moms A Cram 
285ra Monotype 
1 500 000 Money 1W11 
62*5 000 MimHVWrami 

246*000 Mou Aoverasmg 

8592 000 Muswrkn 
21 0ro NMW Cranp 
5000000 Ne* ci im Res 
Do Wrras 









-16 35 34 154 

• -a 17 22217 

-20 29 0* 771 

57 38 115 

18 4i 193 

• . 57 39270 

-5 36 10Z79 

• *3 10 155 

• 36 1 6 21 6 

-5 74 33 103 

-3 24 1 4 265 

•-12 aa aa iso 


21 53 199 

35 45 94 
*3 3*110 

*126000 Mew Eraum I 
> lOS 

880000 DO 
14 7«1 Nunsto 
6*48400 Noranfc 

5 5*3 000 Honan 

6 06* 000 Haricot note* 
626*000 ran sea 6 Gen 

2*33000 Omme trapse 


19 Ora Osrorne I UOk 









86 28 169 

160 *0 



•-& 1000 125 


43 33 164 
17 21 87 

-17 3* 28 126 

-2 40 

29 83 52 

273 *-!2 43 1 6 254 

9300000 Sanram fee 
23*5400 Sonerec 
i28m Sienmc Pue 
l03m Sumner Elea 
B 900.000 Sumenens iET- 

1 010 000 SwiWD n A Hasp 

6688000 Synapse Comp 
IBfci T S s Stores 

l**ra TDS Oeuts 
6656000 TVO APwl 
5230000 Tie* FtPGC 
628*000 T8» Homes 
*476 000 Tety For B-s 
6710000 Tec- CC— = 
7616000 Tpeeer-ftJkn; 

11 3n I* 5e«* M 

13 Qm Thermo* 

57 4a Ther— Soe*trtC 
1 686 000 Trasraac 
3535.000 Tmern* (E1>a> 
9310000 TociVUJ- 
2 ’’SOOT Towngraoe Sec 
fl 018.OOO Trane Pt u r mw 
33 7m Trencnenwac 
8 066.000 Tmto- 

1 783.000 

755m UK Frumpy' 





















• -2 



• -3 

• -1 
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11 20 204 
43 .21.2*7 
08 1 5 50 
5 7 35 19*. 

75 35131 
4 0 22,120 
51 29 163 
39 3*135 
17 .40 125 

39 27 84 


26 25167 

29 ** 179 

36 65 87 
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40 44 134 
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60 32 266 

290- 32 205 

4 9 7 3 208 - 

1 Tyne Tees A 
UK Ceramc 

39*1000 UW^o»^9 






























21 1 1 230 

*3 18251 - 
29 14 76 
24. 19 225 
25 22 raj -. 
66 54177 
77 6*120 




*30 14*11 
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6*38000 Usrar . 

0396 ODD Pawns r 
8.615000 (Vavn# Ke— 

;2pW0 WaOBS' EMOra 
302*000 ItHK 
1 903000 Was! Yon«n*e „ 

6023 ODD TWitonr-s Fpces 55 

5* Tie Wicnes 166 

1 2W00Q WMara SyK B 

1 800000 W*i«n- ,r -* 

15 In WrnORe 
J4 im nnc 
6962000 vwrmtv 

We c* leamar 
IS 6m Wr>e 
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i55m - 


? -SS599 73"* ^icun; 

5220000 -rprn & Eo>*n 
1 163 000 Oc 9-r^ 

1 150000 Zvoa Dynamo 



Hogs 20 








200 * 







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1* 13 
71 1.4 235: 

29" 4.0 127. 
410-82. 77 
4 2 32 3S*jB 
16 *0313 

-56 37 189. 
74 16112 

I 6 20 170.- 
189 73. £5’. 
5* 74123. 

3*6 46- - - 
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64 59111 

18 22 1.1 
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33 31 132 
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29 17 202- 


13 -8516.1 
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II 10807 
79- 52. 160 ■ 
36 18 219 

34 39153 - 





23 15 2)0 

28 .3 1 285 


S. Hill P.L.C. 

Year ended 31st March 

Profit before tax 

Earnings per share 
Dividend per share 





. 11,360 




9.01 p 




The period under review saw the completion of our 
three-year strategy to concentrate production on four 
sites instead of seven previously. Concurrent with this 
rationalisation was the continuing modernisation of the 
two remarnfng foundries and two efectricaf equipment 

Whilst we made progress in this period, with group 
trading profit up marginally to £615.000 from £608^000, 
higher interest charges resulted in a 6% drop in pre-tax 
profits. Extraordinary items relating to closures and 
relocation costs totalled £196,000. The dividend for the 
year remains unchanged. 

The electrical companies made some progress, 
whilstthefoundries hade (ess than satisfactory year. 
There are now many optimistic forecasts for the economy, 
but we have yet to see the promised 
improvement. The reorganisation of our 
activities will improve the long-term 
shape of our balance sheet and its asset 
cover. We look forward to improving our 
eamings for shareholders in 1686-87. 

John Ecdes, Chairmen 


22 . 

Channel tunnel 
‘small benefit 9 

The Channel tunnel, al- 
ready suffering from Parlia- 
mentary delays, received 
another jolt today with the 
results ofa poll indicating that 
few directors expea their 
companies to benefit from the 

A survey of 200 members of 
the Institute of Directors 
shows that 53 per cent expea 
no benefit at all. 12 per cent 
said not significantly. 20 per 
cent said there might be an 
indirect benefit and only J4 
per cent were looking forward 
to a direa benefit. 

The IoD said it was sur- 
prised by the answers. 





Adam & Company. 

flitttank Sawnast. 

Mated Crds. 


Continental Trust 

Co-operative Sank 
C. Hoar* & Co 




. 10 . 75 * 



. 1000*1 


Kwb S ShanofBl_10JJO* 
Hoyds Bar* , -ifffwy 

N« WtstninstwZZIZIIiaooi 

5®al Bank of Scotiad__lOiK)% 

C»w*NA_ 10.00% : 

t Mongut Bmb Rnt. 


- Robotics 
Division - 

Offers complete systems 
assessment and operational 
development for 
Robotic Assembly and 
manufacturing cells. 

Manufacturers of the 
Cleveland “Paramatic” 
Robot Hand. 


Ctevetend^Gu wt (Engineering) Ltd., 

h Lancs. 

North ValJey Road, Colne, 

Tet (0282) 864284 • telex: 635024- 

, Tii- 


and the company has a rela- • 
lively low le\el of debt The ‘ 
stock could well be of imeresi 
to a larger entity prepared 16 
lake a long term view on "• 
exploration success. •' ; 

Takeover speculation is also • 
swiriing around Crusts:, the 
bistro restaurant chant which * 
came to the market last No- 
vember. The compan\ oper- . 
ares Id restaurants in west ! 
London and in universiij and • 
market towns in tbe.Souib of • 
England. * 

Profits have grown rapidh J 
o'-er the Iasi three years and ■ 
the company's forecast .of j 
pretax profits of £560.000 for ■ 
the vear to June 1.986 should ’ 
be orceeded by a substantial • 
margin. ‘ 

United Biscuits _ is * 
rumoured to be interested hi : 
bidding as it would fit with its < 
chain of pizza restaurants. ; 
lifts has put 6 p on the share .. 
price, but the comparn says it ' 
has not received a direct 

Shares in small restaurant 
chains with good management ; 
are usually good investments.; 
because they can generate 1 ' 
substantial profit growth and 
are underpinned by being ari 
attractive acquisition for ihe 
larger brewers and leisure 
companies if the management 
should ever wish to sell out ; ‘ • 

Isabel Unsworth 

The author is a member of the . 
smaller companies unit at' 
Phillips & Drew. 

m '\ 


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Time of transition in 
- turbulent markets 

down coiSSv^ftnmTvS 11 by *** Bank of En & land over will be allowed to felLor even 
197& blto F** 1 ^ & com- be pushed However, history 

ment has left some^rtV*' S- ned * to create to^cndous . warns us not to expect ratio- 
m ' 1 - sorae Darua - distortions in the money nality, and there may well be 

pants warv of m “* c money namy, ana mere may wen oe 

ffioSteck^S 5 Elsewhere money iJ acUoi to prevent it - which. 

“t? nervously also erowine stmnelv in m« nc higher inter- 

au« loosing oack nervously 
over their shoulders for the 
danger signs to appear 

Now. if anything, there is a 

feelmg that it has been too 
easy. . 

The gilt market, ’in com- 
mon with bonds throughout 
the world, is being subjected 
to a number of contradictory 
forces and, as might be 
expected, this is creating a 
certain amount of turbulence. 
Gilts hit their peak in -April, 
and since then have been 
struggling. Not surprisingly, 
there is concern that the trend 
of interest rates may have 

Economic analysis fro- 
quently becomes obscured by 
disputes over definitions. In 
no area is this more true than 
when it comes to money.' In 
Britain the monetary authori- 
ties have further confused the 
issue by rejecting the conven- 
tional monetary aggregates - 
and adopting Mo as their 
preferred definition. 

The problem is that Mo is 
not a . form of money as 
generally defined; it is not a 
store of purchasing power nor 
a medium of exchange. Mo is 
the monetary base, and refer- 
ences to. It as ‘'money” serve 
only to confuse the issue. 

There are good theoretical 
and practical reasons for 

also growing strongly. • 

. While the explosive growth 
is unsettling the markets, it is 
unlikely that the Bank of 
England, or the Federal Re- 
serve, will wish to react to it • 
at this point. The real targets 
of policy are actual inflation, 
the state of the economy and 
the exchange rate. Further 
down the road the present 
monetary excesses may have 
the effect of pushing interest 
rates much higher, but not 

Inflation is a definite plus 
for interest rates. Consumer 
price inflation has fallen to 
2-8 per cent in Britain and 
even lower in many other 
countries. The drop in oil 
prices has' played a major role 
■n foerecent deadline, and in 
accelerating the fell in expec- 
tations of inflation. 

Opec had taken on the role 
of the last bulwark against 
disinflation. Now it has been 
smashed. Thai has had a 
favourable affect oo 

Interest rates have already 
fallen in response u> this 
improved environment But 
because inflation and infla- 
tionary expectations have 
also fallen them has not been 
a great effect on real interest 
rates. . 

High wage awards are 

choosing the monetary base dearly disturbing, but so far 
as a target but it is necessary the main effect has been on 

iq make that distinction 
clear. But that only leads to a 
more serious problem. 

Justification for targeting 
the monetary base is not that 
there is any direct magical 
relationship with inflation, 
but rather that it is an 
efficient way to achieve con- 
trol over the supply of mon- 
ey. For that to be the care the 
monetary base needs to be 
closely and reliably linked to 
the money supply. But clearly 
it is not. 

employment, while keeping 
productivity growing. At- 
tempts to bring down unem 1 
ployment through demand 
stimulation without first re- 
ducing the rate at which 
wages are rising will definite- 
ly be bad for inflation and the 
bond market. 

In Britain and the US 
inflation is now looking bet- 
ter than at any lime since the 
1 960s and, in feet, better than 
at many times during the 60s. 
At the same time nominal 

Oneis left with the unhap- bond yields are nearly double 
py conclusion that the .Mo what they were then. On this 
targets area camouflage to try basis there is cirariy strong 
and direct attention away extra-cyclical justification for 
from the accelerating growth lower yields, 
of money. Sterling M3, was .All markets exhibit cycles, 
never a good target for mono- as do natural phenomena, 
tary policy, since it is subject and the financial sector is no 
to so many different influ- exception. Interest rates 
ences. . So perhaps we can; should continue to cycle 
safely ignore the present 39 within a broad downtrend. : 
per cent rate ofl growth over , However, the exchange 
the latest three months. But r^te remains a problem for 
then there is the 42% per cent Britain. 

growth of Ml over the same 

Over the past two years 
there have been two major 

- The peculiar weakness of corrections in interest rates, 
the British corporate bond and in both cases the cause 
maricei .zhe previous absence was concern over the pound, 
of a commercial paper, mar- With North Sea oH a depreci- 
ket, and the particular form ating asset on two accounts, it 
of monetary control adopted is to be hoped that sterling 

in effect, means higher inter- 
est rates. 

In the near-term the pres- 
sures are likely to be in the 
other direction, which affords 
- the opportunity to cut inter- 
est rates. 

It is- also reasonable to 
expect a return to a more 
positive yield curve as short 
rates decline faster than bond 

The medium-term outlook 
is still clouded by a number of 
conflicting forces. Lower oil 
prices, lower inflation and 
lower interest rates are all 
positive for the economy. 
Real interest rates, however, 
are still high and the oil price 
drop, while ultimately ex- 
tremely positive, has an ini- 
tial negative economic J- 
curve effect. 

The economic J-corve is 
just like its counterpart on the 
balance of payments, in that 
it describes a perverse initial 
reaction to a positive change. 
In this case the sectors nega- 
tively affected, such as the oil 
producers and oil service 
companies, react more quick- 
ly than the beneficiaries of 
lower prices. 

The oil price decline- has 
actually set back the emerging 
recovery in world trade. This 
will now be slower in making 
an appearance, but will turn 
out to be more sustainable. 

When the recovery gets 
underway loan growth will 
pick up. putting pressure on 
available liquidity. At this 
point interest rates will begin 
to rise. Fbr the moment there 
is a lull which leaves foe 
improvement in inflation as 
foe dominant force. Howev- 
er, signs of economic recov- 
ery will reverse that situation. 

Leadership will be taken by 
the US bond market, and that 
is foe country to look to for 
the first, signs of economic 
strength. From an economic 
point of view conditions 
should stay favourable much 
longer for the gilt market 
However, what may speed up 
the reaction will be concerns, 
.no matter how unfounded, 
about the exchange rate. 

Conditions remain posi- 
tive fbr the time being despite 
foe correction since foe April 
highs, and the first cautionary 
flag will be run up by signs of 
a pick-up in the US economy. 

The’ longer-term environ- 
ment will also continue to 
favour gilts. In between there 
is likely to be a correction, 
but from lower levels than 
currently exist. 

Richard Coghlan 

The author is editor of The 
Financial Economist. 

Peat Marwick: Mr Raul 
Marriott has been made a 
general practice partner. 

Morgan Grenfell: Mr An- 
drew Coppel, Mr Jeremy Lu- 
cas’ and Mr Richard Strang 
are appointed directors of 
Morgan Grenfell Finance and 
Mr Patrick Crawford and Mr 
Antony Norris are made direc- 
tors of Morgan Grenfell 

Naafu Mr Malcolm Field 
succeeds Sir James Spooner as 

Sternberg, Thomas Clarke 
& Co: Mr JR Anderton has 
joined the partnership. 

Verniers: Mr Michael Callis 
has been appointed joint man- 
aging director. 

Dencora: Mr Matthew 
Morritt has joined the board. 

Anheuser-Busch Europe: 
Mr Harry Butler has been 

Court to rule on £600m 

nationalization claims 

By Clare DoMe 

Mr M J Hussey 
made marketing development 

Touche Remnant Interna- 
tional Advisory Board: Pro- 
fessor Beniamino Andreatta 
and Mr George D Bnsbee 
have joined the board. 

Sasini Tea and Coffee. Mr 
Peter Benson has been elected 
chairman in succession to Mr 
Robin Higgin and Mr OAR 
Petrie has been made group 
managing director. 

The European Court of 
Human Rights will tomorrow 
give its judgment on foe £600 
million plus claims from 
GEC. Vickers, Yarrow and the 
beleaguered Vosper. 

The four companies, with 
Brooke Marine and Sir Wil- 
liam Lilhgow, have argued 
that this is the extra amount 
they should have received 
when their shipyards and 
aerospace assets were nation- 
alized in 1977. 

The case is acutely, embar- 
rassing for the Government, 
which as the Opposition party 
of the day rounaly condemned 
foe Labour Goversmem's na- 
tionalization terms as "grossly 
inadequate”. Once it came to 
power, however, it changed its 
tune, defending those same 
terms with zeal before the 
European Court- 

The Government's ability 
to fond tax cuts ahead of foe 
genera] election is already 
under pressure after its dori- 
sion to postpone the privatiza- , 
lion of the water authorities 
and of Royal Ordnance. An 
unscheduled bill for £600 
million would only serve to 
worsen its problems. 

This outcome, however, is 
unlikely as the European 
Court is widely expected to 
find in the Government’s 

fevour. Even Vickers, which 
has the biggest claim, admits 
foe odds are against it. 

Sir David Plastow, the chief 
executive, has gone out of his 
way to discourage talk of a 
windfall and, as a result, 
Vickers' shares have risen by 
only 18p to 478p since June 
26. when Vickers learned that 
foe judgment would be given 
on July 8, more than a year 
after the last hearings * in 

The European Court ruling, 
due at 7. 1 5 am on Tuesday, is 
expected to deal only with 
matters of principle. If it finds 
in the claimants' favour there 
would be further wrangling- 
about the amount of money 
involved. The claimants 
might have to negotiate with 
foe Government or go to 

Vickers is claiming an extra 
£280 million. If successful, foe 
case could theoretically boost 
the company's value from 
£445 million to £725 million. 

The claim is made up of 
about £250 million for British 
Aircraft Corporation, which 
was jointly owned with GEC 
and went into British Aero- 
space. plus about £30 million 
for shipbuilding assets. 

Ironically, many of the ship- 
yards involved in the case 

Sir David Phstow 

have recently been sold by 
British Shipbuilders as part of 
the Government's privatiza- 
tion programme, and foe sale 
prices provide useful markers 
for the current value of those 
businesses. The Vickers yard, 
for example, was recently sold 
alongside Cammell Laird for 
about £60 million. 

For Vosper foe case is 
literally a matter of life and 
death, as the company is in 
receivership. It is claiming £70 
million, more than enough to 
pay off its creditors and leave 
something for foe beleaguered 

The claim compares with 
foe £5.3 million that Vosper 
received when its warship 
yard, Vosper Thomey croft, 
was nationalized in 1977 and 

foe £18.5 million paid by the 
management when it bought 
foe company last year. 

For GEC. which is claiming 
£250 million, success would 
simply mean a further in- 
crease in its legendary cash 
pile. Yarrow, now part ; of 
CAP, foe computer software 
company, has already said it 
would distribute to sharehold- 
ers any extra compensation 
received as a result of foe 

Yarrow is claiming £30 
million in addition to the £6 
million it received originally, 
which compares with the £34 
million that GEC paid for foe 
Yarrow yard in March, 1985. 

Other interested parlies in- 
clude Hawker Siddeley, which 
says it will “look carefully" at 
foe ruling, although at the 
time Hawker Siddeley Avia- 
tion. its subsidiary, was na- 
tionalized. it accepted “under 
protest” foe terms it was 

The case could also have 
important implications for foe 
Labour Party in its plans to 
renationalize British Telecom 
and other companies. For its 
supporters, as for the punters 
who hope to make a killing 
from dealing in Vickers' 
shares, it will be an early start 
on Tuesday. 






Mr J WG Frith 

Stothert & Pitt Mr John W 
G Frith and Mr Mannadake J 
Hussey are now non-execu- 
tive directors and Mr N 
William Otley is director of 
finance and company 

Micro Cable: Mr BUI 
Bosanquet has joined the 
board- . 

Lucas Industries:. Mr Jack 
Fryer is made group director, 
succeeding Dr Tony Jarrett 

National Westminster 
Bank: Mr Alan Jones be- 
comes director of commercial 
banking services and Mr 
Derek Wanless. director of 
personal banking services. 

Argentina evstrar _ 

Australia dollar 

Bahrain dinar — 

Brazil cruzado ’ 

Cyprus pound 

Finland marks 

Greece drachma — . 
Kong Kong doBar „ 
India rupee 

Iraq dinar 

Kuwait dinar KO — 
Malaysia dollar 

Mexico peso — . 

New Zealand dollar - 
Saudi Arabia nyai — 
Singapore dolar ._ 
South A Inca rand — 
U AEdirham ___ — 

13719-1 .3744 





__ 7.7830-7.8230 

21 3.65-21 5.65 

. 120484-120571 

_,. T n/a 






33742-3. 3780 











West Germany 


Netherlands __ 


Japan — — 


BexpumlComm) ... 
Hong Kong . — __ 


Spam _ — ._ 





















Base Rates % 

Clearing Banks 10 
France House 10ft 

Discount Market Loans % 

OvotmM Hkjft 11 Low 9ft 

Week fixed: 10% 

Treasury Bib (Discount ft) 

Buying SeBng 

Zmntfi 9”<« Zmntn 9 s m 

3 ninth 9ft 3 mmti 9ft 

Prime Bank Bite (Discount 8M 
1 mmh 9ft-9 7 ’*i 2mnth 9 i, '»-9-' , jj 

3 mmh gft-9’* 6 ninth 9ft-9ft 

Trade 641 b (Discount %} 

1 mnth 10ft 2mnth 10*u 

3 ninth 10ft 6 mnth 9ft 

Interbank (%) 

Overnight open 1 1 cto&e 10 
1 week lOft-IOft 6rnmh 9 u ur9 M M 
1 mnth IOft-1 IPi* 9 mnth 9 ,s ic9"i» 
3 mnth 10-9 ft 12mth 9ft-9ft 

Local Authority Deposits (ft) 

2days 10ft 7days 10ft 

■InrntfilO^* 3 mnth 9ft 

6 mnth 9ft I2mth9ft 

Local Authority Bonds (%) 

1 mnth lOft-TOft 2 mnth 10ft-10 

3 mnth lOft-Oft 6 ninth 1 0ft-9K 

9 mnth 9ft-9ft IZmth 9V9ft 

3 mnth 9%3ft 
ISrmh 9%-Sft 


7 days B u ia-7 
3 mnth 6*-6ft 
7 days 4ft-4K 
3 mmh 4ft-4ft 
French Franc 
7 days 7ft-7ft 
3 mnth 7 7 n-7 !> w 
Swiss Franc 
7 days 2%-2K 
3 mnth 3ft-4fc 

7 days 4 "i»4».8 
Strain 4K-4K 

i B^h/ 11 '* 


i 4"i*4«n 
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7 , «*-7*i» 
4 KUH 
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I 4 ,, ib-4 9 i« 

1 mnth lOft-IOft 
8 mnth 9ft-9ft 

Doner CDajft) 

1 mnth 635-630 
6 mnth 630335 

3 mnth 660335 
12mth 630-655 

Krugerrand* (per cote): 

S 34335-34475 (£22250-22330) 


Applets: E427_6m aOoted: EiOOm 

BkkT£97370ft received: 70% 

Last week £9738% received: £45% 

Avge rate: £93040% last wk £93029% 
Next weetc ElOOm replace £1Wm 


llll • .TIMES 




Our Increased 
Alternative Offer: 

Standard Chartered 
Share Price: 


(as at 3.30pm on Friday, 4 July) 

855 P 



The rinsing date; Saturday 12 Tuly 

Standard Chartered shareholders have_5days to accept our final offer. 

if inanv doubt about how to ®l* n, lie Green F om> A£C ®P ta,lce J , ®In , l loneUo y«l s Bank R^istrais 

If you are in any aoum 
on Freephone Lloyds Bank. 



A THOROUGHBRED amongst banks. 

McKechnie shareholders: 

McKechnie's share price: 


Everecte increased offer worth: 


Evered's offer higher by: 


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" Merchant Limited on behalf of Lloytb Bank Pk-The Duwtots of Lloyds Bank Ptc are the persons 

This advertisement: is published fryu , ■ To the bex of th«r knowledge and belief, (having taken all reasonable care to ensure dur 

responsible forth* this advertisement * >” ac«rdaO« wch the frets. The Director* of Lloyd* Bank Pic accept responsibility 

accrtdingly , _ , , , B ^ and an esaraare by Hoare Govetr Ltd. of the value of the new Lloyds Bank 7i Cumulanw 

The value* of Llwds Bank’s „, mnce 5 ^*^ a csnnurol hxausttrwiU onlybc listed in the event of the Offer becoming unconditional, 

Convertible Preference Shans-TTic wluc of , uncondiaonal as to acceptances or otherwise in the limited circumstances ser out in Lloyds 

Sr-Tlie Increased Offer ts final 1 C 


Evered ^ 

this aovertiStment is published sy bokst Fleming a co limited on schalf of evcbeo witwGS pic the iwectots Of £ve»cd fff5/wsBi£ rs 7n£ [{.m-WTim com»ined 



Tv T _ 

S frS 5 ftb B 5ii? P s S 3 -<< ■' f re -i j* ISO 




From your portfolio card check your 
eight share price movements- Add them 
up to give you your overall total. Check 
this against the daily dividend figure 

"M'v Myii uuu 15m w a ottuiw vi mis ivmi 

daily prize money stated. If you are a 
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back of your card. You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 

Capitalization and week’s change 

(Current market price multiplied by the number of shares in issue for the stock quoted) 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began June 30. Dealings end on Friday. §Omtango day July 14. Settlement day July 21. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

© Times iNewspwer* Lhnted 


Claims required for 
+52 points 

Claimants shonld ring 0254-53272 



Industrials L-R 

Industrials A-D 




Oliver tG) 


Brown (Matthew) 

ip rw f . irm "n i 


Wenem Bros 

Thom EMI 


Bd haven 

Meyer Ini 


Lovell (YJI 


Electron ic Rentals 


Amber Ind 

Brown & Jackson 



Allied Irish 

Quest Automation 


Gkeson (MJ) 


Industrials S-Z 


Indusmals A-D 

Industrials A-D 

Uid Biscuits 

Micro BS 







Building. Roads 


Industrials A-D 



UUn RothseMd (J) Hd 125 -1 71 i? 13 

15039m RUyf Snk at C*n £13'. +'. 

3s9.8ns Boyl Bnk CX Sect 334 *4 UJ U 9? 

IS! 7m Sdroqon E7'» -V 198 2* 128 

108m Snwn St Aubyn 48 211 SO M 

1851 6m Sand Own 004 +10 50.0b 62 98 

68 +m Un«n 706 -S 528 79 713 

1.407 7m Wnfc Fargo £70 • +1 '« 

26.2m manat 310 77 23 131 



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12'/% 1 







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E74m Ankan Homo 
id 9m Anotaqnaa 
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1.187.000 Carara-av 
4.778800 Lqu*y 8 Gen 
378m ivory 8 Sana 
498m AMmro 
500m Nat Hama Loans 
470m Do 8% 

31 dm Newmarket 

238 +> IB 08 .. 

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283 57 28 414. 


20 ’j +1V 17 83 198 
155 0-5 68 44 217 

188 *+2 880 4.7 288 

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368m Angta TV 'A 

6.739.000 Ganuan 
450m KTV N/vr 
82.0m LWT Hlags 
35 6m Scot TV 1 * 
66,7m TVS N/V 

9.721.000 TCW 

270 «+10 138 5.1 141 

52 +3 28 S.6 75 

220 +7 11.4 58 100 

363 . . 213 58 144 

335 -6 15.0 4J 114 

273 *10 128 4.7 13 1 

45 +1 24 54 124 

3.4968m Grand Mm 411 

383m Kennedy Brookes 233 m-5 

719 to Ladbrake 345 -I 

265m Lon Pam Hotw 529 

1828m Mounl Cturiotto 83'. -4 

11.0m Pmce a W Hotels 09 +1 

123.0m Queens Moil 70 -2 

KQ Bm Savoy Hotels 'A 375 

157 1m Saks 66 -1 

18494m TnomouM Form 160 -6 



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-4 20 

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92 9106 

90 9005 
10.8 9410 
98 9106 
100 B320 

93 9096 

92 9442 
103 9 419 

9.7 9164 

93 9 07t> 
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9.1 9.058 
81 9 037 

91 9.005 
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21 2797 
28 3417 
28 3459 
34 343* 
28 3390 
34 3355 
20 3279 
30 3861 
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419.1m Abed insfi 
ii28m AMPeenar (Hmvy) 
6638m Aus New Z 
1 524 5m Banfcamartca 
180 1m Bam Of iratond 
3»ft» Sen* lain* M4 
12 im Barm Lounu UK 
5312m Bum Ol Scotland 
3.6383m Barclays 
124m Benchmark 
804m Brown Snotty 
64 9m Cater ABtn 
26 7m Cams 
2.1033m Chase MaMattM 
34024«« Cecorp 
120m CM 

■6.5m Com Bank Wales 
1.404 3m Commerzbank 
6.433 Bm Oeutscno Bank 
265.6m Fe«1 Ml FeiWOB 
1284m Gerrarti Mi 
2323m Gumesa Ptat 
341 6m HbrOTOG 
567 2m Hd Samuel 

20954m HK aran^wi 
138m Josapn iLmujoea 

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5>79m Ktetwi Benson 
2145 3m uoyfls 
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593m Do 6% 'A 
1.267 TBl MitSand _ 

711.4m Mai Auet BA 

3 7155m Ml west 
54 0m Ottoman 
16* In PronWt 
175m Rtu Bros 

■ +7 94 38 78 

-3 . . . . 410 

-15 16 0 78 . 

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29 54 7 







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i.736 3m Beeirokm [AE1 B 




41 209 



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+ 11 





r +1 

3160m European Ferries 




ti’ 0 ! 4 








1670m ExM 


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30 172 


6JJ75.0M Feeflax Amlc M 
41 0m Fanner tlhH 



62 69 




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110m Foies Group N/V 







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33 64 



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15 126‘ 


33 162 



15 770 




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30 76 1 




30 140 

7122m Granada 




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6.730.000 Goveoaa 




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31 170 

303m Hal Eng 

114.1m Hal [M) 



50 101 




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172 km Do 5'*% P* 





1.4339m Do 10% 




0.1 . 

64 4m Hargreaves 


• +5 


44 110 

7040000 Hama (PMp) 







50 21.1 

3.7 120 

2293m Hawley 


• +4 



5000000 Hay (Homan) 




3*4 to Hapwanh Ceramic 




47 163 

50 3m Hestau- 



61b 35 200 1 

3038000 Hewnr (J) 




43 70 

1308 000 hkgngata 1 Job 

50 7m Hob* Bros 






.. 092 

*5 im hob uoyd 


• +4 


67 14.1 

536m rtopkmsons 


• +3 


4.1 104 

570m Howoen 



4 B 

61 90 

387 7m Huoson Bay 

*13 V 




41.9m Hunung Assoc 


• -S 

11 4 

*5 70 

234m Hunting Group 


• +2 


82 70 

13*72* Hutcnsn Whampoa 



606 7m IM1 




39 160 

369m Iswran 



00 416 

5.738.000 Jacksons Bouma 




32 !&! 

3730m Jaidme Mam 


633m Jormscn CMmrtii 



60 ISO 

• -10 


10 13 7 

390m Jounsan 6 FB 




31 Chi Jonnsun 




30 121 

165m Jo-isa & Shknen 




40 92 

14 2m JauTOan (Thoms <*j 



40 15.6 

4791.000 Kfl-stanazoo 



20e112 67 | 

3* 5m karon 




50 203 I 

6+40000 Keisay tod 


• +20 

11 A 

41 133. I 

7.401000 Kennedy Smaie 
950m Ker.haw (A) 
5.137.000 KtoemE-Za 





£0b 16 210 1 
21.4 70 230 1 


. +10 


40 362 



■ Bonrmck 

■ CMtmmon 

i Rtuay (Jamas) 
i Harrison OOSMd 
i Mcncape 
) Jacks iwm) 
i Lonmo 
I Ocaan tMaon 
t Paterson Zocn 

■ Do *A 

■ Poly Pack 

i feme Darby 
i SUM Bros 
i Inzer Kemstsy 

■ Yim Cano 

+6 07a 13 153 

*7 100 7 1 a« 

1+4 58 93 158 

»-S 296 77 187 

-6 25 9 88903 

* j 18- 4.6 U0* 
+1 171 ■ 07 128 

1-1 54 77 08 

+15 96 37 75 

+12 >8 37 73 

-5 75 A5 ii 

-5 228 .4.1123 

-9 631 

1+3 104 ' 58 99 

i Abbey Life 
AJax & Attn 

■ Com Oman 

■ Equity & Law 

■ FAI 

■ Gen Accident 

■ GRE 

■ Haati C E 

I n n iiwimwi 

rrogg Hovnaun 

i Legal a Gan 
i London < Alan 
i Lan Uu Inv 
i Marsh a McLen 
i Mnat 
■ PWS 
I Pawl 
i Prudential 

I jST 

i Saagwick Gp 
i Stewan mson 
i Sanaa Htigs 
I SunAOm™ 
l 5ui Lite 
Trade t vton a at y 
warn Facer 

98 a.i 
100 38 

89 0 3L2 

95 2.4 248 

42.6 48 

169 53 

96 3 A 



7 Barr a WA 'A* 140 

9 Boosev a Hawkas 152 

i Hunt MtaAer 135 

) Campan 40 

i CnrySb 190 

i Fast Unsure 303 

i ERA 91'. 

) MnDurgar Brooks 65 

• Horizon Travel 119 

■ be Lean 121 

> JiAana's Hkto* 43 

ilwM 168 

I Meom am er 150 

l Pleasurame 305 

■ ftetfy UaeW 391 

) Bfley Lonre 52 

I w> Houays 180 

■ Gp 245 

I Toumeiein Hoopw 7i 

I zawes 170 

a +16 104 71 114 
-48 225 

S 78 51 1Z0 
-3 1.4 34 123 

+38 80 44 12.9 

+10 95, £2 208. 

♦6'. 51.7 

-3 425 

+2 92' S3 57 

+5 71b 5.9 9.0 

+2 A3 100198 

78 53 180 
+10 107 15 1Z6 

+6 (61 4.1 181 

-1 287 

65 4.014.1 
1-13 34 14 144 

30.0m Abbott Mead 241 
57 Bm Adatom Pago 1*3 
11.6m Aitjcom be 49 

' 47 lai Assoc Paper ' 256 ■ i 

7866400 At* S wSxm 38 ' 

30 7m Barker (Cnetto) 153 
204m Bern dm 179 ' 

4flJ3m BosM Masstn 777 r- 
427 1m BPCC 295- 

1423.000 Brnno IBB 

3.841.000 Do m 195 

6497m Bunzl . 213 

279-Stn Canton Comm 92) • 

8747400 Chairman 210 ten 

' 14 Dm Cropper (James) 35© 

3129m DRQ 296 :• 

2Lim Davidson Pearce i63 

16 5m Eucalyptus Pulp 445 * 

74 im rnro umn Ind 281 • 

21 7m Fecfi OeSt^i «25 

125m Geers Gross 83 • 

20 0m Gobi Graemes* 231 

i22m Good Retatkms 141 

24 4m Humetpnnt 293 .■ 

853m Lowe H-S C-£ 410 

101 6m McCorquMWe 198 • 

311m Mere 0 Pena* . 125 • 

443m Norton Opax 143 

209lra Offfvy 3 Maihw £2Z\ 

1814400 Okvas Papur 44 

947m St hraa Gp 700 

■107m Saaictu A Saatch U0 • 
1213m Do 03% Cny Pri.122 
306 im Snv* (Jeff) 196 

4575.000 uaner Waller 215 

71 im VMn Men 165 m 

4.872.000 Wace SB 

972m WadOngton (J) 956 • 

27Bm-WaBmo4n- 2«a -I 

42.7m Wtom Coma 563 + 

>5 .33 174 
98 15 161 

. 92 

71 ‘44 727 
82 ID 162 
17.1b 53 24.1 
747 38 466 
■ 74 33 40* 
48 23 2)1 
95 1.0 202 
124- .67 B5 
38 1.1 79 

11.8 44 133 
35 23167 
71 J 6 78 
'113 44 166 
8.7 24 231 
43. 58226 
41 .18 2U 
74 54 233 

53 10 106 

80 ■ £1287 
88- 4.4107 
57 46 153 

54 33143 

+2 stS 

+15 128 b 1.7 320 

• -20 ZL9 11 M3 

-1 9.0 74 

+8 47 £4 

+5 -104 43 99 

• 1.7 14 336 

+1 133 

• +30 37 1 39 104 

-S •— oar. 38 (22 

+42 E.1 11 273 


ire 80T28 
.8.1 35 145 


-2 .. .. 

-5 174 298 


+2 e 

+io ibo is 

.. 23.0 08 


1059m Atroce 87 

400m AMd im U 

9401400 Apes 78 

B38m ATMtoton Sec* 103 

101m Bmgmme 10S 

116 2m BSton |p| 200 

1386m BradlOfd 595 

2+58m Br Lsnd ' 175 

136.4m Bracun 168 

2450.000 Catrd |A) AStmS 41 
.1799m Cap s Counties 233 

' 5517000 Cantu prop 260 

308m Camrovmoal - 193 

.. . e&OmJZmtertokl . .. . *80— 

213m CALA . 6G0 

8.165.000 dame wcWWa I5B 

30 0m Coraiem . . 228 

104m Control Secs 17 
5l.7m.Counny S NMr : : 114 ' 

. 14.9m Couroy B . . 154. 

142m Cussais 250 

- - ■ 1124m Daqan . 090 

. 122m Dares , 18'r 

105m EanMa S Agency 175 - 
177m Bgerum in 

202m Ea sales Gan VO . 

' 31.5m Euates Prop 167 
344m Evans oi Leeds 105 
146m Federated Havana 162 
9.670400 Fne Oaks 64 

704m Fromnora 203 ■ 

. . 2792m Gr ParTbnd .194 . 
202 Im Graycoai 272 

-— Haawood GO CIS-. 

160.0m Hammerswi 455 

56S9m Da A 445 

11 Im Hanover 220 

£1 4m Hontenger 320 

41 On bnry 300 

1700.000 Jarmyfl . 170 

1732m Lama Prop 308 

73 Ow Land bwestors 75 

1.738 7m Land Seamen* »5 
1835m urn 8 Eon 1st 000 
315m Do 6 ^V 247 

42 im Lon 6 Prov Shop 260 

76.5m Urn Snap Prop 150 

40 Gm Lymm 350 

863.1m MEPC 358 

125® Mctnwney too 

253m Mdtey Secs 115 

14 Om Markheem 40. 

20Ae Manvam Moore 175 

a.a« Meroorouqn 75-. 

2Sftn Mailar E*f 520 

1128m Mounflwgn 9*0 

36 2m ummnew 725 

9.177.000 Munoial n9 

5^400 Nw'Swmd,* 00 

5.B94.000 Pamdaie 55 

96 Jm Peacmy 270 

4.4I0J300 Pne« Marians CIS . 

60Jm Prop 6 Rev 222 I 

107 Bm nap Hlags 138 

04^n Prop Secwrty 126 

l«8m Baglar 13 

JJi gm Beg*an 595 , 

3335m Raoeneugh 640 

£5™ S" 8 ' 1 A rent*** 255 1 

80.1m Sanual 298 

9fiWn Scot Met 102 

4937m Slougn Estates 182 

7i a» Speynan* 435 1 

,^2"|W|dSt«l 165 

1925m StocfcUy 61 

498m Town Centra 55 

25.4m Trabord Park 230 

SiSKLOOO UK Land 738 

WOm Md Real TOO 

8£7m Warner 870 1 

, 552m wandord 575 

8.431000 waoo dost 25 . 

5812800 wen & Country ire 

+19 93n 03 

• +J 3.0 24 199 

29 3.7193 
-7 - £4 U • 

43 68- - 58 74 

.•+8 *17 J^-81 142 

• *5 15.4 -28 208 

• -1 42 Z6.M5 

•+2 8.1 42 198 

+3 96 17 218 

" 28 12 

-2 96 48276 

«. I7J. 36199 

‘ 25.70 31127 

+£ 90-. 57 34.1 

+3 90 £6 216 


•■4 : -£7 £4268' 

+1 SO 32 52 

+10 96 34 3B7 

-65-202 £9. 145 

-5 * 18 32228 
+2 1£1 72 148 

50 48190 
+4 47 - 28 171 

+7 . - 50 

+9 10.T 52 127 

• +4 94 51 229 

• +6 31 11 342 


-5 138 32 292 

-6. 138 11 303 

W+2 52 23 21 2 

• 15 1 47 TZf 

7.7 £6251 

• +10. 28 , 1.7. 135 

-2 100 32J5C 

1.7 £3 428 

• +6 142 . 41 211 

• ♦35 128b 18 VJI 
+S 98 38 

+2 .07 . 28 228 

+3 7 6 4.8 19.1 

•+15 104 32 2*3 

• +8 15.7 44 219 

• +5 

48 43 198 
3.1b 47 203 
-5 30 £1 173 

-•j 09 12 402 

+30 43e 08 515 

+7g 1480 1 5-137. 

■ 7-1 Iff 1L1. 

+1 74 0815* 

- 178 09 372 
1 7 2 1 352 
-1 £3 42 95 

+4 121 44 VO 

■ - 6.4 ■ 28 37.5 . 

• +> 42 . 3.1.292 

♦3 38b 28 279 

+1’i 0.1 O0 .- 

0-10 57 18 275 

+28 l.i 02 . 

■ . 102 48 112 

+3 .99 - 3.4 403 

*+3 59 58 Z3* 

+2 78 43 104 

*-6 138 3.1 XU 

+2 08 30137 

-1 14 £5327 

13*-. 78 153 

+60 '.208 .. 38 287 
I 279 32 394 
+U 3*3 <42 206 
■+2 07 28 008 - 

♦3 114 68190 












273 .. 
90 69 

















. e 





112 - 


1 Assoc Br Pons 
1 ™ CommonweaHn 
1 Caledonia 
1 war (James) 


1 Maraey Docks 
1 Transport 
1 P -4 O Ota 

1 Tumoua Scon 

+15 7 1 39 t78 

• +2fl 71 ..24 204 

• +15 71 £3 448 

-2 4.7 54 734 

.179 37 238 

Ol . 59 569 

+7 93 44 99 

-3 2£9 45 147 

+2» 71.- 50-190 

+28 53 1 7 428 

+fi T£8 3* 5 


240.0m AE 342 

11.9m Acgfeyard 150 

654m ArmUrafig 129 

74 7m ass SO 

BflBrasO (CCJ '331 

& Car Aucoona <37 

BL 55 

Carryns 2*3 

Come m 194 

SP™ “ 

FR Group 324 

Fora Motor 177 

gmflRimkG) ^6 

G ’a nkwa Lawrence 95 

Group Lews 133 

Hanvmli 103 

Hbnda Motor 49* 

J4guer 576 

Jessypa 133 

Kvfg 111 

Lea 38* 

Lookers 169 

I iw»«» Q20 

Parry gp 130 

FWornKB) 71 

Ouck (MJ) 31 

Supra 64 

wootVwed (Jams} 59 

74 li 168 
7.1 47 08 
£2 1.7 17.0 

1.6 32 153 
. f . 

11 l 38 168 

228 +8 10_b 

50 38 150 

79 33 .! 

5.0 28 9.1 

54 59 93 
73 33 17 1 


48 14 21,7 

7.0 48 . . 

43 58 97 

250 108 

. sio 

38 3.7 128 

39 00 .. 

133 £1 119 

01 40 10.1 

38 ZJ 157 
15 I 4 .1 208 
7.8 48 10.1 

157 28138 
54 49 119 

5* 9 0 97 

41 48 V2S 

3.1 48 123 
0.1 e 92 150 


S 1 320 -S ■■ 93' 29 128- 

,4 9n Qfnv Booth ISS i<o a* 

'-wjj “ #-i 07 ?« 

J Iftomn [C TT i TT* 01 168 -7 02 44 100 

1 Pto SS? 1 * to * n n 44 - 50.230 

• Site a 106 -* 6* 58 .78 

S23S I2E 0 6 Iff -9 - 1X4.- 77 .59 

4a3n,s *)*> 221 -0 68 £9 279 



1 Astee Boom 2*8 
1 Aaaoc N a we p ap er 3*3 
I Back (A set 300 

1 Bnstpl 710 

I Com [*H 455 

1.0#* 3*8 

1 EUAP A' 202 

I Haynea PWMhtog 375 
I Home Counaea 175 
1 k kl mndam 285 
1 +k Thomson 552 
1 News auamnonm Cm 
1 Octopus 5*5 

1 AitmM Bond 120 
i Tnmty M aio 

(Md M w ap apara *00 

+19 50 

-0 5.1 

+55 329 
I1 1 

a+4 5* 

. 208 
-3 100 

+S 120 
■ -5 140 



1+2 57 

♦ 7 214 

+20 2£B 


i i5J 0m Bat 
4Q9«m Rontons n 

22a 0« Ampel 100 

9800800 Ann Enerpy n 

. ..rz~ ffwme ReeMrcn 12 
108500m Ekr n emMa w n STB 

iSimBrBomro 338 

746.4m Br«od .. 148 

7100m Burmsti • ait 

570 -7 408 A* 03 

'* +3 . .. 

M0 B+3 28 0 08 119 

Mf -10 190 136 40 

*11 +2 192 44 12.7 


DA,L VD!^ 

isi f 

K^ifc° r 


" <*'2 

f:-:.* ' 

.. ■« 

Copes of ths document. wfoch composes kswg particulars wtih regord to Wndsmocx PIC ("fre Company") and ns subwianes together ‘'Wndsmoor'' or "the Group”) n accordance w«h The Stock Exchange Usmgl Regdwons 

1984, hove been deSvered to the Registrar of Companies for registration os requred by those Regufawns- 

The Offerers of the Company, whose names appear in ths document, are the persons responsible for the information coma red heren. To the best of the knowledge and befef of the Directors (who Howe token aO reasonable care to 
ensure dtp Such a the easel the information cartoned n ths doament s n accordance with the bets and does not amt onythng kkeiy to off ed the mport of such mformcoon. The Erectors accept responsibly occordrejly . • 

Application has been made to the Council of The Stock Exchange for the Ordinary share cap#o! of die Company, issued and to be issued, to be adiuned to the Ofhaol.Lsf. 

The a p pli ca tion fat for the shares now being offered for sale wtil open at lOajn, an Thursday, 10th July, 1986 and may be closed at any time thereafter. The procedure for application and an 
application form are set out at the end of this document. Dealings in the shares of the Company are expected to commence an Thursday, 17th July, 1986. 

*** -- 
*■**. •* 

.*i^ *. .. ’ 

•-■iet w ‘ ¥ ■* 

■ r * • v 


(Incorporated in England under the Companies Act 1 948) 
No. 869809 

y a n 

■* * 

. **.- • ^ 

■ «. . 

Offer for Sale 


Chase Manhattan Securities 

of 6,600,000 Ordinary Shares of 5p each at 1 06p per share 


Issued and 
to be issued 


fully paid 

Cl .450.000 Orctiray Shores erf 5p each 


Ttw Odnary shoes now bong offered for scte tank « fiA for ci dwdends and ether dsmbmens hereafter dedarod, 
mode or pod on the Ordnary store coptd of tie Company. 

At tiw dose of bums* p* 20 6 June. 1986 the Company and n wbsifones had a seared bank overdraft ol 
E5. 168,397, lease cornmnerts toning £60. 181 and pu un i iees and c onenge m loh te pr oooSng £1X161 .846. 
Sene os ofonsod and save Ear miio-gn3(4>iaUKS. nwhertiw Company nor any or ds subsumes hod o> ihs; dam 
ony loon coptal Gnckxfng term loans! outaoxting or sealed but insured. mortgages. doges or other borrowings 
arndebndiess n tire nan oi borrowmg, indb^ng bonk oveidohs. koblnes wider occepKBices (other don nemnd 
trade bfisl or acceptance credo, him pudrase comnwn e nts. guarantees or other materiel cortngert labbes. 

On the some dale tin Compony and C subsrianes hod aadt hdenews wth rs bcrAers wating £22,537. 

The bdustry 

■" The waiwi'sfbshiop ndusiry has been one of ifo 'most eraiwggrowtij areas in tiieUX economy o«rti>e 
lay few yeas. More aftoewe merchandoe. «nproved ere* focteesond nsmg cfaxssobfe meomes tore rested 
n sales mhemubple and depomnart stores naeasng by o«er 78 per cent, snee 1980. The Ugh Street has been 
transformed by If* emetgefice erf new reteters and by tiro consequam eftact on Acae rteody esrafcfahed so tiiot 
tiie rotating enwownem for women's wear ■$ now mare uutuuve erd mom rtereswtg.. The maecsng iee of better 
ttesgn bached by enpored merahondse to.amaa aerom has ensued a lager market shae far tioseadefe whdi 
have responded rapdy to the new environment. 

Hw Group 

The Group designs, manufacues and markets colecoons of bghqirfty women's fashcas preoperiy indento 
"Wndsmoor" cyd "Ptenei" labels. Tto name "Wndsmoor" has for many yearn been darted -writ wei<i*,etegort 
clothes n fine lobncs. "Flaw". kxnched n 1979. has now esrabfehed aeS as another brand leader appeertg 
la a -more youtirfirf customer. 

'The “Wndsmoor" arcJ "Planet" coleoons ore soU tivoughaa the U.K. and rtfand m most of *e feadng 
deptJffnert stores UBng the "shop-vrth«wtop" concept of which Wndsmoor was one of the poneeis m me kse 
1950s, The maorty of Wndsmoor' s merchancSse * monufoenred it the UX. with some 35-40 per cert, by vetee 
asrenrfy commg from aversaas — pmopafy Hong Xbng cw*d ferope. 

The Group's success s onnbuoUe «o the foUowmg pmcpd boors: — 

• Wnkmoor has a rsfxHOKn for des& e^CEtence. fcr selecang and dewetopng bbnes of h^t quoltv. br 
toianng skAs and for martorwg a hgh soxjard ol ptofoy controt. 

Wtndsmoor o a ventatiyrtegratedoCionSton.niaAetng its datitesprrKXJOfly through rs own concesson odes. 

Tha otoUes * to d® 1 producron requremenrs »whcw^ towig ^ >o rdy on c&erwtg lorwcrd erdeo. 


The Fcdowmg nfomtokon shoid be reod n coryftcion wah tite IJ test of tiw document From whch t s derived. 

Wmdsmoor s one of the oldest esrablshed fasHon houses in the UX and s widely regarded as o ma rirt leader. 
The Group desgns. morofacues and motet, coleaon s of E»gh quetiry women's (ashore pmopaly under the 
“Wndsmoor" and "Planet" labels. These ore manly sold through over 500 "dnps-wttiwr-dtops" ssuceed n mast 
of the leodng daparnter* sores n the U.K. and the Repufcfic of Ireland. 

Trodtog Record 


PrcA on ordnary acMes 
before taxoton 

Year ended 31s January . 

1932 1983 1984 1985 1986 

£000 £000 £000 £000 £000 

22,074 28.766 34.395 41,910 53,816 

388 1.035 1.484 1785 2.825 

The rrfomx»on inder Tnadng Record has been extracted bom tin AccQueortS* Report in Sedan I erf tits doanten. 
Oreerth Record 

Dmng the five years ended 3 1 9 January. 1 986. Whdstnoor's tmover grew a on average and compound rote 
of seme 25 per can., cmd profit on ord»oy oaw*es before Known grew ot cn oyeroge anud compound rote 
of some 64 per cent. 

Offer far Sale SMUa 

Offer far Sale pnee 

Ordnary Shoes n «sue fcfowng the Offer (of Sate' 

Maker c op r ritmo n at tiw Offer far Scte pnee 

Hetonc eanwtgs per shore based am 

on oaud to* charge of 42. 1 per cert, 
a notarial rate charge of 35 per cent. 

rtsonc price earwigs rata based om 

at oaud nx charge of 42. 1 per cent, 
a notional K* charge of 35 per cart. 


Prospective yield bf the Offer fa Sole pnee 


22 , 000.000 


4.3 per cenr. 


At monogament level Wtiefemow cai rely on o combwmon of rrovative. creative and ewreprenord skis w«h 
the necessary oetewstrawe and hnonoal experree. 

U Ear w ig s per shore hcwe been odedaed on the boss of the profit fa *» yea ended 31 st January. 

1986. as odpsred fa meres at a nosonal rare of i 0 per cent, for rhe period from I lift July, 1986 
to 3lsr Jonuary, 1987, an Ihose proceeds of the Offer ter Scte inet of costs) recenabte by tiie 
Compony and on the 22,000,000 Ordnary Shares n issue fotewmg the Offer for Sale. 

U h has been assuned that the oddtand merest for tee penod ham 1 1 At JJy, 1 986, to 3 Is Jonuary. 

1987, bean tax a 42. f per cent, and 35 per cent. respecWy. 

B Net dtedend ond prospective yald at tiie 0% far Sale pnee hove been catenated on the bass ol 
o net dhndend of 3.25p I4.58p gross) whdi the Drectas wodd hove expected to (ecarmend if 
tiie Company's shore captol hod been toed throughout ti«e yea endng 3 la Jonuary. 1987. 


Secretary and 
Registered Office 

Hnandd Advisers 

- « — I L „le,e 

ara aroacDffonn 

Reporting Accountants 

Sofidtors to fan 

Sofidtore to tbe 
Offer for Salt 

Registrars cad 
Transfor Office 




Brian Rex Green MAfOxon), FCA Executive Chatman 
Richard John Green Jot* Marogng Drear 
Simon Bremer Jot* Mancgrg Ctreaa 
James Rupert Green Morteang Drearer 
Gerakfino Mary Ketlteton Panama! Draevr 
Sarah E&zabeth Nestor-Sherman Ratoi Dte&rr 
Deborah Anne Waler Retoi Dmctor 

Ncn-E'O oeva 
Lionel Green Pres/der* 

AUan David Green MAlCartob) 
at of Wmdsmoa House 
Lawrence Road 

londonNI5 4EP . . 

Jessica Ada ffaro Wore 
Windsmoa House 
Lawrence Road 


Lcndon N15 4& 

Oxtse Manhonon Searses 

1 London WtJ Ekrfdngs 
London EC2M5PT 

a The Srock bdxmge 

Hocla Youig 
Charered Accartare 
Sr. Afohage House 

2 Fore Street 
London EC2Y 50+ 

Tark> Lyons Rateal ftae 
Hgh Hoban House 
52/54 H^i Hoban 
London WCIVfiRU 

10 Norwich Snert 
London EC4 A 1BD 

Bandays Bar* PIC 
234 Behopsgote 
* London EC2P 2AA 

Barclays Bert PIC 
Regtyumon Oeponmert 

Cheshire WA 16 9EU 
Bondoys Bert PIC 

New hsues Oeoanmeni 

POBoxNo. 123 
Heeiway Hcwe 
25 h yrngden Street 
Jatdw EC4A 4HD 



"Wndsmoor" ond "Plane! , ' shops are open or wffl open dung 1986 a ol the stores ksted below. 


Aberdeen Co-op 

Debenhams P/W 
Mcrtosh P/W 
Frosers W 
Amore W 
. Rcckhoms P/W 

(N. Ireland) 
Belfast Coop W 






Dan Evans W 


Army & Navy P/W 
Owen Gwen P/W 


Jolly's F/W 
Owen Owen P/W 
Beales P/W 
Debenhams P/W 

Anaerscn & AfcAitey 


Bero:.' CscpP/W 



Lewe s P/W 
Bishop’s Start ford 



Lewis's P/W 


Lewis's P/W 

Whreheods P/W 


Debenhoirts P/W 





ftockhare P/W. 

Sinwvt Hcvse P/W 





Hortxngtons P/W 


Debenhans P/W 
Amy & Navy P/W 
Debenhams P/W 
Burton on Trent 

Bury St Edmunds 

Amy & Navy p /W 

C am bridge 

Eooenlfey P/W 


Debenhams P/W . 



Alders P/W 

David Morgan P/W 

Debenhams P/W 



Aiders P/W 
Weriey P/W 
Debethoms P/W 
Gwencfah House 
Browns P/W 
Owen Gwen P/W 
Chesterfield C&op 

Army & Navy P/ w 

Reckhoms P/W 


Calchesiei Coop W 

Moores W 

Ovwm Owen ?/W 

AUders P/W 


Army 8 Navy P/W 

Debenhams P/W Exeter 

Cwmbran Debertans P/W 

David Evens P/W Dmgtes P/W 
Darfington Exmou* 

Bros P/W 




Debenhoms P/W Andews P 

Doncaster Amare VV 








Brins W 



Debenhams P/W 
Hue oi Fraser 
Metro Centra P/W 
Amore lAtgyteSd 

Debenhcms P/W Frosers P/W 

McG3Eros W lews's P/W 

Durham WonfirrthefsW 

ArdsbakbP Gloucoster 

Eartbouroe DebenhomsP/W 

Amy 5 Nbvy P/W Grovesend 

Debenhams P/W Aimy&NovyP/W 

EasMObride Gt. Yarmouth 

AnoreW Pete** P/W 

Edinburgh Graaaedc 

Alexander WAfl P/WAmcw W ■ 
DebedvreP/W Grims^t 

Je«iets P/W 

Debenhcms W 



Sure ?/W 


Army & hfcwy P/W 

Debenhams ?/W 





Lewis's P/W 

Debenhams P/W 
Schofields P/W 
Debenhcms P/W 
Sms P/W 


Anfer Amoving & 
Ca Ltd W 
Dmgtes W 
Robbs W 

ChanS Lawrence W 

Arniy & Navy P/W 

Bn* P/W 

Badgers P/W 

Amors W 


Debenhoe a P/W 
Amotis W 

A. deGrachy 
&. Hefierl P/W 

Musgrcvss P/W 
Mdd e rwi l nster 
Owen Owen P/W 
Frasers W 
King’s Lynn 
Debenhoms W 
Wes^ae House 

Army & Navy W 
Bern* P/W 
Bpfl te & S on P 
Leamingtan Spa 
Woodwards W 

Debenture P/W 
Lewis's P/W 
Schofields P/W 
Fenwicks P/W 
lewis’s P/W 

Lewe s P/W 
Owen Owen P/W 
McneaGe W 

London W1 London No rth ampton 

Debenhcms P/W Wood Green Beatties P/W 

DrtxTS & Jones P/W D.H. Evans P/W Deberhans P/W 
D.H. Evans P/W Londonderry Nortimrlch 

John Lew* P Austin P Brqn & Evans P/V 

SrfndgesP/W Luton Norwich 

Brqn & Evans P/W 

London DebenhomsP/W DebenhomsP/W 

Brent Cross Maidstone JorrokfcP 

Fanvnek P/W Army & Navy P/W Netting) 

London Manchester Debenfex 

Oopharn Junction Debenhams P/W JessopsP 

Anting & Hobbs P/W Kendab P/W Peows I 

London lews's P/W Nuneatc 

Covent Garden M ans fi el d Debenhar 

Moss Bras P De b enhcms Oxford 

Benrofc P/W 

Army & Navy P/W Nottingham 
Manchester DsbentamsP/W 

Debenhams P/W Jessops P 
Kendab P/W Pearsons P/W 

lewt's P/W Nuneaton 

M ans fi el d Debenhoms W 

De b enhcms Oxford 

Middissbrough Debenhams P/W 

Bras P/W 


Debenhams P/W SeKndges P/W 

John Sanders W MtitanKeynes Paisley 

London Ddons&J 

Finchley John Lews 

Owen Owen P/W Mo r peth 
London Rutiierfords 

Kenrin^on Nantwfcf 

BarietsP/W Brats W 

London Newcasll 

KitightsbikJge Tyne 
Hotrods P/W Bans P/W 

Debts & Jones P/W AmonsP/W 
John Lews P Penzance 

Mo r peth Dngfes W ■ 

fotiwifofdsP/W Perth 
Nantwkh Frasers P/W 

Brrtts W. MeEwereP/W 

New c a stim LJp o m Peterborough 

Knightsbridge Tyne John Lewis P 

Hotrods P/W Bm$P/W WesgareHcsaeP/W 

Horvey htehob P/W Fenwrt P/W Plymouth ■ r _ 

London Lowe's P/W Debentams P/W" 

Lewisham - New Malden DnglesP/W 
Army & Novy P/W Tudor WtamsW Poole 

London Newmcxfcet Beales P/W 

Victoria Ashfords W Portsmouth 

Army £ Navy P/W New port Aiders P/W 

London Owen Owen P/W Preston 

Wimbledon Newton Abbot lancasmc Coop W 

EtysP/W AusireP/W Owen Owen P/W 


Aiders P/W 

Debenhams P/W 
Owen Owen W 

Dchns & Jones P/W 
Owen Owen W 
Norwesi Co-op W 
Debenhoms P/W 

50*815 W 
P.W. Wfc W 
St. Andrews 
AfexarxJer WAe W 
St. Helens 
Tyre* P/W 
Debatiianis P/W 
Ckngles P/W 
Drf»nhams P/W 
firms P/W 

Atimsora W 
Ccte Bros P 
Debertroms P/W 
Roclhoms P/W 
Dews P/W 
Owe" Owen P/W 
Rackhams W 
Step ton 
Racfocrre W 

Slough Sutton Coldfield Whitehaven 

Ow Owen P/W BecXw* P/W Dfcore W 

S c i Bii J Swaittffa Wioan 

BeattosP/W David bm P/W Debenhams P/W 

Southampton Debenhams P/W WOmslow 

Debenhams P/W Swindon Fningans P/W 

Owen Owen P/W Debenhoms P/W Winchester 

Pfonmere P/W Mcffray P/W Debenhoms P/W 

Southend an Sea Taunton Windsor 

Keddes P/W Debenhams P/W fenwrat P/W 

Southport Telford Wolverhampton 

Bocrhroyds W Debenhoms P/W Beanes P/W 

Broadbews P/W Tonbridge Worcester 

Broadbews P/W Tonbridge 
Debenhatre P/W Benfcrfls P/W 

Sourtuea Torquay 

Debenhoms W 
Russel & Dcm el P/W 

Sowthsea Torquay Russel & Dane! P/' 

Debenhcms P/W Debenhams P/W Worthing 

South Shields Dwgte P/W B era* P/W 

Bens W hoopers P/W Debenhams P/W 

Stalne* Truro Wrexham 

Debenhoms P/W Ongtes P/W The B=« W 

Stirfing Tunbridge Weis Yeovil 

DobenfomsP/W BemafcP/W ' Demers P/W 

Frasers W U protester York 

Stockport Roanes Stores P/W Browns P/W 

Debenhams P/W Uxbridge Debenhams P/W 

Ncrwest Cocq P/W Owen Owen P/W Fenwick P/W 
Stodcton-an-TMS Walsall ’ leak & Tfeyp P/W 

Debenhams P/W Debenhcms W IRELAND 

Stourbridge WaBon-on-Thames Athlone 

Owen Owen W Beales P/W Biraess W 

Stratford- Warrington CoHdw 

Upon-Aven Htrecrt & Wood W h^w ,, p 

Dabertinxns P/W Watford c™ w 

Sunderland Oeme«P/W c£k 

Bmra P/ W Welwyn Garifen Cash & Co W 

Books W Oty Oghb, 

Joptegs P/W John Le«s P/VJ ? m 

Sutton Weston- c, nri - ftll ... 

Aft*rsP/W Superstore 

Owen Owen P/W 

Dun Looghaire 
Shows W 
Moons W 
Goods W 
Todds W 
Water f ord 
Shows P/W 
Shows W 
■urns P/W 

Upon- Avon Htrecrt & 

Debenhcms P/W Watford 

Sunderland Oem&msP. 

Buns P/W Welwyn ( 

Books W Oty 

Joptegs P/W John lewis 

Sutton Weston- 

AKdersP/W Super-A 

aiuc, liivito iviuinOai juivi 7 i?oo 



The busxws was sorted xi (ondxi xi 1 933 by Ced and Mouxxre Green «to ware r*ned startiy ofimwtxte 
by tor brother, banal Groan, kxacfly, they carried on business as mantfocuers and wholesalers of women's cgm 
and subsequrarrfy become one of to fed motafacturers in to mduwy to seS dxectiy to to largest retafers. 

By 1938. the trademark "W*idsmc»r"*«sregsaBredandti>e busness began dslong-stancbigf*Ja»ciBta>wdi 

fearing dnp u nman i srore gpups a^jpJymg loiored cools ond pd«s. 

Qjnng the Second World War, the busness continued to trade. nratemg under to wortm* "U*y" bbfe. ata 
began to long advensng compagn wfech ufemately esubtrind ihe brand name "Windsmocr" aa a mariet 
leader-tote we poster eras an hoanjngs throughout London, odwerumg on buses and to underground-even 
to Famous "look your best in Windsmoor" slogan had ns neon ayi at frxadffy Creus. By to early 1950s. 
"Wmdsmoor" was suAoen of a household noma to be mentioned in one of iota Bremen’s poems. 

After to war, moves ware mode to showrooms n Covenddi Square ond, from tore, m 1949 to to present 
prestigeus heodguarrers m Upper Grosnenor Street. A successful P« venrae compewy bold <n 19621 was Formed 
n su^dy Modes and Spencer and marf-arder houses. The pradxt range was widened to mckida eoiored suns and 

By to end of to 1930s. to busness was supping shops and nones toxtghaA to LUC. and to ftsputoc 
of Ireland ond had showrooms n motor UX aaes. 

As port of « consaendy mnouaiivQ approach, to busmess Med up vwh a taxing french coukmr n to eady 
1960s when Berre Cordn designed ccfledtons under o taint label. 

In 1959. barrel Green esrabWted m Swan and Edgar at Rccwtfy Circus to fir* "Windsmoor" shop-wihn- 
shep. writ to obiectrve of pres e nting to awe range of merchardse in one locaean using its own gaff. The 
concession was mmedately successful and "Wmdsmoor" shops soon Mowed a Seffndges ond Lewis's « 
Brmn gh om. By to md-19oOs. to rumber of concessions had risen to over 60. In to meonime, dl to oemms 
of to Grc**} father ton showrcranal mewed » Tottenham where Wxtdsmoor trow oexupmsfere adjacent buadngs 
wta a totol usable floor area of some 138.000 square feet. 

By 1971. tore wera 170 "Wndsmoar" shops and. with the am of mantcinng Figh quefiry production o« o 
competitive price, * was doodad to seek production faettees ouwseos. Thrcxigh the Hong (tong Trade Deudopmer* 
Councf. coraoa was estobfahed with prospective partners m Hong Kong ond, n 1972, or Wmdsmoor' s vrshgaban. 
a factory was opened to produce lalored ooats ond su»s of hgh cyxsfi* y urotg fabric shipped from Europe; to 
Diractorsbeterarfta to was one of to fiat such factates robe set ipm Hang Kcx^tn 1977, Wndsmoor acquxed 
a 30 per cent, metesi in the Hang Kong manufocnjrmg company as ( was not corrsaered praoeeble to mfy an vans 
by Wntenroor's UX based quoby control personta to ensure tor merehenefce was monifocued to to raqurad 
quokty standards; to otor 50 per cent, s owned by Hong Kong merest* umrekted to Wxtdanroor and its [Vectors. 
In 1980. m response to demand, to ion versure began to produce Ightwagfe garmems n addtron to coos aid 
sun ond, todoy, d produocn tore a of tgtaveghr blouses aid stans. 

As long ago as 1979. Wndsmoor reeogtwed to trodrgopporurees far dccKircinatedcolacioncmedtf 
to 25 to 45 yea-old, coreer-onemcied women and, « rha yea, o new bbel/'Planat". was launched n 3 1 
concessrae. In topes seven years, “Plonet" has become esnfctehed as anoiW brand leader w«ho strong mage. 

It s expected tha by to cun mg Autumn season, tore wi be 250 "Pfanet" and 301 “Windsmoar" 
shopswttfevshopa represented m mast of to fearing UX and todi deportment stores. 

In adefaon to extensive production in to UX end to For East, merchandse is currerdy mcniaaurod in both 
Eastern and Weston Europe where production is pfarmod aid executed to Windsmoor's demanding sondads. 

As wel os to ' ■Wndsmoor” and “Planet" businesses tore a o flounshng coreer-wea busness, with Bardoys 
Bade end Ekzabcrb Arden os motor customers. In adcfifcn, to Group's design teams hove raeerriy bsgm so oHer 
a c ompfe to servee to compares seeing to market colectons under tor awn brand names. 


I. Sales and Marketing 
The Market: “Windsmoor” 

“VWndsmoa" see out to make o dea foshon statement oppeaing to a efcceurmg and elegant customer. The 
"Wndsmoor" customer has typical/ been 35 and over but w«h to COrtnuxug devefapmertoF to merchandise to 
age renge e broodenng and now ndudes o greater nanber oi younger customers. 'Wndsmoa's" nsputatiai for . 
styksh dairies fa occasion ekessng a wel estobfehod. 

The Market: “ManaT 

The target group far "Floral'' is to 25 to 45 yea-old corea-oriemoted woman/ oHiough tore <n many 
competing brands m the sector of to mvtat. to "Planet" range is anted at to more sophsbeotod customer who 
wonts a more fashonoble look than tha offered by to High Sheet chcsns. The Directors botave tot "Ptarai" fib 
to ruche n to matat and has a sreng and loyd frjlowxig. 


The Group operates two concession busnesses under to respeettve names of "Wndenoa” and "Plane#"/ 
over to bst five Fnandol years, these two busnesses have accomted fa over 95 pa cert, of Umova aid, at 1st 
February. 1986. to end of to last taonool yea. operated through a total of 505 concesaons. There are 
concasaops n feodng department stores ifroughou* to UX ond to ftqpubtc of kebndL The Group obo has two 
concessions in Jersey and two n Osmak. 

"Windsmoor" aid "Planet" have chosen to concentrate on to method of trodng because i» provides 
advantages ond benefits fa bah to Group and to snres. 

The benefits tar "Windsmoor" and "Planet" are: — 

to appawrty u present and sel tor complete cotaaons of merch and ise «i prune High Sheet locations 
wflhotf havxig to moke to Carrespoocing major investment xt property; 

to Eadty to pay to acres by woy of comraesnn rebted to voting performance rotor than by woy of 
ram a aha fixed charge; 

to abfey to plan pathasng aid prodnion reqisreme rts wihout having to rely on obtaning forward 
orders , s 

to oppaknty to salad, employ and vain staff to to Group's requred sto ndad of product tatre lo dge. 
Cummer setativ ond morrhgncha presentueon. 

The benefits for to deponmart stores ore; — 

to ratolxig sUb of ''Wndsmow" and "Pfanet"; 
no requramem to fives n stock/ 
no mark downs.- 

no reqaemem ^ An mnrwiwK »mMi nvw onri n xm og eat ■.m kni e 

The form of concession ogreemerts difen greorfy between stores roiging bom fri and detatad wrtien legal 
agreements trough exchanges of hues to verbef ogreemerts. In the case of to two largest UX. depatner# store 
groups. House ofFroser ond Debenham s . which m to Iasi three finontiol years wgetor accounted far oround 50 
per ce«. afunoverafrhe ' Wndsmoor' ' ond "Tfanet" shops, tore ore wnrien og n no rrane. However, concawm 
do na create tenonoes and m mast cases are tofinmable by ether pony a 6 or 12 nude* notice. Matogemem 
has therefore reted on contnung good performance as s evidenced by to fad tot concession^ hove been operated 
wdi maty maia doe groups Fa over 20 years, o period vtoh has seen a mnber of changes of awnershp xi hose 
groups concerned. 

Afrer House of Fraser and Debenhoms. in whose stores W taJsii oa has had concessons in each case fa 25 
years a mae. to store group wtah accortted far to fxghest propamon af Winufanoa unover m to year ended 
1* February. 1986 uas Sears wrii whom Wndsmoor has aba had a 25 yea assooasan in conceseon trodng. 
Over to kat three hnonooi years, seven mepr store groups have togetor occoumod fa around 70 per cart, of 
Windsmoor 's concasscn ummer. 

Maaeg— u# of fee Concessions 

The concesaons ore spit g e ogrqphcnly into tfeae sedore eoch sector is imder to comol of o rated dnector. 
who hos resporsbity for both to "Wndsmoor" ond 'Ttonat" odes wxhn hs or her sector. The retai dreoors 
an svpponadbycmo mongers, who. writ to support of to vofovag ond menhoni an g stoff. gude. s^senne ond 
control to manageresses of each concession in he or her aeo so as to produce on effective ond recognsobfe 
"Windsnioor'' or "Planei" raning style. 

-The *omg of concession staff epneertretes on btddng up produd knowfedge and seftng skft; to staff wstai 
each concession are encouaged to prowde to bea sereoe possfale on o persond bass. 

Whafesota Safes 

As wel os concession safes, to Group sels ' ‘Windsmoor" merchandse dreaty to stores and smoler foshon 
ortfen n to U.K. and overseas. Ahha^i vmover 0 relarteiy smal ai refaai to to conceswon btextess. a is xnpanant 
as on xidkara of to Italy pufchc response to merchondoe os rood level cheod of tad producer axs. 

The whafesofe operoson s based n Upper Grosvena Street. London WI . and o amber of agents aid 
represertaevei operate r other ports of to couvry. 

In oddnon to to wholesale busness, tore is obo o gwmg busness far career-wea. w#h Bodays Bod: end 
Bzdteth Arden axramly the pmapdl customers. 

Advvr UfhtQ end Markvth^ 

The man thrust of advertising is through selected women's magazines wdh navand dstouvon, indudng Vogue, 
Good Housetoepmg, Harpers aid Queen. Op*crs, Company. Cosmopcktai. Woman's Joumd and 9a 

As wel os advertising, to Group produces "Wndsmoor" and "Pfanet*' brochures showing selective 
merohanckse to amdete merest n eodi season's ooteevan usng some of to feodng fasten photographers n to 

To ebron firtor pubtary. Press bis contomng mfarm o fio n and photographs are sent to bed and nofand 
newspapers gwng nformavon on product range, fasten draws, new shops arid otor developments on a ragda 

The "look" of to shops a orator inpottaw port ol to mortaring ret. and to deagn e ffort ond budget w reMon 
ro shopfiftng is sigrifrcani. The am a to create ai mage far to " Wincbmoa" afa "Pfaner" shops wteh comrJements 
and remfartBs to image of "Windsmoor" aid "Plata" merchandse. The shop fmngs ore m cn ufa a u ed and 
renled by speocte cow mooti and deseed by to Group n conpnetran with to conrooor. 

Anso manager* on d shop manageresses arrange fasten shows aid a tor promotons os port of to Group's 
m orta fmg pray m me a feed level 

2. Dedgn. ftodv tM t and SoppBes 
H— hgandPerija 

Pbnrang a cofachon begre 12 ro 18 montfa ahead and a under tooortrolaf to Jomt Monogmg Dractas. 
Simon Brermer far "Wndanoor" and Rrdrard Green far “Pfanrt" respectively. 

From an early stage, to "Windsmoor" and "Raw" design teams become involved n to pfammg process. 
WotkmgindBpencierHly of eodi otor. they are eodiheoded by ocotecwncorardn o wr and mdudeofabnc selector 
and am a more deagners and asssiant designers. The deegn teams are hgter trotted and movvoied and corttoe 
very expenenced desgners wth ycxmger recruits. The mams ae encouraged to vovd aaenshrely abroad so as to 
keep fuly aware of iniQnraMnd fasten trends; toy are dosely nvdwd wuh fabnc Idevelapng same new fabncsl 
and coloix-j saipfes are made up aid assessed.- sofas feveb achieved by eater cofiectrani are amlysed. The ovoid 
obtectve of to design wans a to combna flor wth cun merdak aia 

Design a o ooronuous process and, throughoa to yea. new merdra n d ae is produced ond cMvered to to 
ooncesson oates so tot the cuaomers' oonwwd nteresr is retained. 

As wel as to aeertave "Wmdsmoa" c olections dbtrbuted nasondy, tore adso o more exekswe desgner 
eoleevon only dsvkated to c*wr West End acres ond selected stores xi the prowices. The desgnw coBecoon a 
to Hogshp of "Wndsmoor" cdfecnans and to obfeesve a to undetee aid adverts* to sopheticaon and very 
hgh qudoy of "Windsmoa” product and design. 

P ro due t! on 

To reran fteobfcy and to be tele to produce at a predetennned maw fa cunng cos. Wndsmoa has chosen 
to use otssde morxrfcejurers both m to UX and overseas fa to greater pan ol us produenon.- only to deagner 
coleOion s and design samples ore produced xsemoliy- However. Windsmoor retorts compfete cornrol over design, 
panem cuttng and qutey coreoL 

Wodmoor has no formoi ogreoments wrhfooonBg cove rin g om teol order feveb. Refana a ! i^ swnh to foaones 
are very good aid to Grato has na experienced any dlfiatos «i Exidng saafale autede marufaourers. In to yea 
ended 1* febreary, 1986, to only mamfoourers who occouxned far more ton onetod of to Group's 
requxenwrt s fa any category otmerchoncfee were one coamon ufacn w ond to Hang Kong venture company, 
who oecourted la over 50 per cent, of to Group's requirements Fa coots and blouses respecftvely; as a proportion 
of to Group's cost of safes, puchases from these nnnufacuan in to yea ended 1st February 1986 represented 
1 .9 per cent, and 4.2 per cent, respeemeiy. 

Windsmoor obo uses a wide range of suppler* far fabne. tangs aid inmmrgs ond. xi to yea ended la 
February. 1986. oponfiano«re suppler who oe ro xited fa some 69 per ca*. of to Group's reqwnerts fry tangs 
fappraxxirateiy 0.8 per cert, of to Group's cost of safes) no suppter aceouxed fa more ton 22 per cent, d to 
Group's requxemems. 

The Group's principal axrency exposure fas wrh purchases From to Hong Kong venwe company ond 
to a covered <o a stfvkans e-tert by buyxtg forwad. Most of to orders far fashed goods pteeed vwh otor 
ovemeos nx w ifacturecs ore pfaced m staring. Windsmoa puchases Fabne from overseas supofars and to e also 
covered » o egnAcom extent by buymg forward. 

Quaflty Control 

The Orecrars bekaw to qudsy of to Group’s merebendpe has been one of to maa facias m us success 
ond quaLty canrd hos oh/wy* pbyed o very sgnfiamt rote xi to busness. There are qidny checks a » aoges 
of producson rhrough regular vnxs by to Group's qudty control personnel » both to UX and oversea* fodones. 
The merc hand ise a fadiy checked upon recept fron the rrcsxxocvrers. 

J. Manege— TO In f o roo tiofi end Ihwd d Ceelwl 

Close carard a exercised over dl mpcnot i ospects of to Group's operations. 

Manogemenr xfaraxnon covers to mom operang aeas of ptodochon, ekateuton. retokng aid I xran ce wd> 
derfy aid weedy repoang designed to moke dl areas ol monoganert faanoaly owae aid tos abfe to mote 
ot^ x up note and tmefy deaeons. Operang budgets am prepared hdf-yeorfy Fa both "Windsnraa'' and “Pbntt ' 
togetteS(jrh a cash flow forecast; tose are regufariy and occouvs are proteoed on a quaneriy base. 


Sxrae 1949 to Group's showrooms have been a 20 Upper Grosvena Sveet, London Wl;topcemaes.VNhidi 
compose 5.800 square Feet, ore axranfy occupmd a o feed rent under o 35 y«a lease wdi 9 yea* raexpxed 
Al to other anwies of to Group— odmnistr o tcn. worteouse and dtebrten certre. n-house 
wml oaw B— ra earned on From fws adfaoem buUrgs a Lawrence Rood. Tottenham. London N15. writ a 
urol usable floor aeo of some 1 38.000 square feet. AH to bukkngs ae occupied by to Group on o leas eh old 
baa wdi erqory dotes rongng From 2001 n 2008. etor ra ta g oooounr of the exe>ase of opeons to renew and 
to service of smrary notees. 

The Hong Kong px* venture company occupes o factory w*h a usable floor crea of 24.000 square fern xi 
Hong Kong under a 3 yea tease expmg xi June 1 989. 


The Company ha 9 Dreoons a fofawsi — 

Brian Hex G ree n , MAtQxon), FCA. (oped 521 Eseamve Chairmen. 

After quotfymg a a ch artered accountant and o draw spel m industry. Bnon Green ioxied to Group in 1961 
ce Chef Accousart. He become o Dreoor n 1969 and Qomran in 1979. As Executive Choxman. Bnon Green 
s respamfale far Group smaegy, finance ond oreroS eporrinenion af to adntos of to Group from produchon 
threu^i to teaing. 

Richard John Green loged 371 Joint Mana^ng Dracta. 

Richad Green joxied to Group xi 1 969 teen feovbg school Dumg he first 13 years wrih to Group, he ganed 
wide experience in productnn. quokty control, fabie sefecson ond buying doth. Since 1980. he has assunrad fa* 
resporabify far "Honet" and has bean largely respansble far buldng a no a brand leader. As M an agin g Dxeetor 
far “Planet", Rchard Green has utenofe responsibly fa/ design, matesng ond retaflng of "Pfanet" marehond s a 
Sanon Brenner faged 621 Join Monoging Dxeetor. 

Sxnon Brenner has spent akirasrafifra wortag career into fasten mdus»y. He (omod to Group xr 1 977 after 
bemg Design Dxeetor for Aiexon far 12 yeore. As Ma n aging Director for "Windsmoor”. Sxnon Brenner hos ukmote 
responsbity far des^n. marterog and narafeig of "Windsrnoor" merdrandisa 
Jamas Rupert Green (aged 27) Mofattig Direour. 

James Green jomed the Group n 1979 after leaving the London Cafiege of Fasten. He is responsfefe far of 
aspects of to Group's martetmg ndudng sfraphumg, advensng and pubtery. He vros ap p ortte d to to Board m 
June 1986. 

G eroMne Mary K ett te to n faged 39 Personal Dinedor. 

Geroldme Kettfeton pxied to Group m 1 983 OBPen o nrral ond Trorrog Manager, ftevioudy she was employed 
by Richards end Caters. She was opp o n te d to to Boad it June 1986. 

Sarah Bzabeth Nestot^She n nan faged 281 Rated Dxeetor. 

Sorch Sherman joned to Group in 1981 os an cxeo supervisor. She become oreo manager in February. 1983 
and was opponted o ratal dreaor n February, 1985. Previously she was employed by to John lews Romership 
and Jaeger. She was opponted to to Boad m June 1986. 

De bo r ti h Anne Wctor loged 311 fatal Director. 

Dteoroh Wafer pmed the Grapn 1983 os on area manager and was opponted aroraJcfirector in February, 
1985. Ptevraudy she was employed by Debenhoms. She was opponted to to Board in June 1986. 

Uoaet Green faged 72) FVesdsm. 

Lionel Green was one of to founders of to bwineu in to 1930’s ond has spent most of his working tfo wdh 
Windsmoor. No-one has (fayed o greater rote in the development of Wndsmoor to ts present pr*emnent poseon. 
rts kn owledge, mperfence and contoas throughout to industry one of very great benefit to to Group. 

Alan David Green, MAiCartab) (aged 511 Nan-exea*ve. 

Alon Green s o prochsng Exsnster and e to son of Lionel Green. He toned to Boatd (n 1970. 

Inch Emotive Dxeetor has entered no a service agreement writ eriier to Company or Wndsmoor (London! Uned. 
of whdi deals are set out n pvagraph 5 of Seobn L 

l eiiri m Yi'iilli Inpril i*i1irnnyinnjr p ninrtnrji mrl f ik i t u ri m fin n nrurmr Inmk ulliniiirirl ilm Ixm 

worked far to Group for 38 years. 

Nardi ReMh faged 60J Protection Adminiarolion Diractar of Wndnoor (landon) limited she has wotted far to 
Grcxp far 42 yean. 

Dunam Tamer faged 61) Retad Dtreaor oi Wndsmoor (London) UmXed; he has bean aseodcaed with to Group 
far more ton 30 years. 

Leo Soddiefen faged 58J Reduction Dxeetor of Wndsmoor flondon) Uitited,- he iainad the Group In 1972. , 
Christine Lucas faged 421 "Wndsmoor" Desgn Coonrinctor.- she joined to Group in 1980. hovng been 
prevxrariy employed by Joegar. 

Gareth Dairies faged 481 "Wndsmoor” Senior Designer; he has been oa o cio to d wxh to Group since 1977. 
Margaret Wendy Weir faged 48) "Wndsmoor" Senior Designer; she hos wotted far to Group since 1964. 
Leonard Levy faged 581 Senior Patte rn Cater; he pined to Group in 1979. 

Irene Benn loged 33) "Pfanet" Design Co-cnJncsor; she joned to Group in 1984, hovng been previously 
employed by Wafa. 

Aim Spring f oxd (aged 29) “Planer" Senior Designer; she joined to Group in 1982, having prewoudy been 
employed by Mansfield. 

Trevor B exl ra ei loged 361 finanod Controler of the Group; he joned to Group in 1985. 

s tm~ 

■ - Inducing to Exearive Dxbcjob, to Group employs some 1.190 people on o fj-tme basis ond some 1 .200 
an o part-tne bans. 

The Company hos adopted an Exeoite Shore Option Scheme under to provislore of the Finance Aa 1984. 
fixtor detofs are set oui in ira rogtaph 6 af Sedan I. 


The Dvectas bateve to Company Ins readied a snga in ki developm— where > is appropriate to seek a 
kstng (or the Company's shares. 

It a tor opxxon lhai feted conpeny sntius wl enhance to Company's cammerdcf stature witii xs customers 
ond suppkers both « the UX and teraod. TheFoctity to deaf «i toConpany'i shares wf oho faaitote growth by 
acqustons okhough to Group has no ocqunrons axrertiy under conederoton. 

Tha creaxan of o motet n to Company’s shores w| abo enofcfa to Drectors to provde encouxogenent and 
odcMonol xraertNes n to key execuxves toxigh porttapaeon xi to Company new Exeatae Share Optran Setame. 

The Ordnoy Shares now beng offered for safe tad 6.600.000 feepreseraxig 30 per cert, of to enlarged 
issued shore oopnd of to Conpony). Of tose shares. 5.075.000 ore bexig sold by BJL Green, L Green end 
RJ. Green, and by AD, Green. BX Green ond DM. Rose fas Trustees of to Charles Green Sentemend in to 
proportion s set out m paragraph 3 of Secton H; to balance of 1 J 25,000 are beng asued by to Compony to 
reuse opproxnrotefy £1 .1 miran net ol expenses. 

The proceeds of to issue receivabte by to Company wi be raised to reduce to Company's seasonal 
borrowing requiremerts and o prowde adteond woriang copxcl n order to ossst to Company n to cfevefapmert 
of <s produo ranges and ex poneon of its markets. 


1. Trodmg Record 

The fotiowng a o smmray of to results af to Group for to five years ended 31 st Jamrary, 1986 and has 
been extracted from to Accourtoms' Report wteh sets ort to resde xi M. 

Year ended 31a Javary. 

















Operofag profit 






Merest recewable 






Shore of prafti af assoaaied 






Imerea payable 






Proft on orctaxy odivtites before 













Profit cxi ordnory odwito offer 






Ctang to five years ended 31 st Jamary. 1 986 urwer has mcrecBed ot on overage amxti compound rote 
o( some 2$ per cem. Over to perrad wncessran trodng occraunted far over 95 per cert, of wnover and to txxnber 
of ccxraesaai outes xicreosed from 362 to 505; to rwnbers of outers tracing of to end of eoch finanool year 
dmng to pmrad were 362. 399. 436. 479 ond 505 respettrely. At to same nme. gross mergns have been 
maxxaned. wte to resuh that profit on ofanaiy oenvees before townon grew at an overage annual compound rare 
of some 64 per cent, dmg /he five years. 

Profits, hove fesfoncaly been greater n to second heff of to yeor because safes volume has rradttndy been 
heovras n to last 4 mortfs of to year. 

2. Price Esrategs Ufa 

On to base of proSs after tese far to year ended 31st Jcnrary- 1986. os adjusted far interest ex a notorial 
rote of IQ per cem. lev to penod from 1 1th JJy. 1986. to 31st January. 1987 on tose proceeds of to Offer 
far Safe (net of coxa) recetvoUe by to Compony and to runtor of shares xi issue falowxig to Offer Far Scfe, 
eamngs per dure ore 7.6p. Based on a national tax drags af 35 per cam., sarongs per share would be 8.5p. 
Al to Offer fix Safe price, to hsw price eommgs rc*» are 13.95 and 12.47 respectably. 

3. DMdrads 

The Dxeaors xnend » recommend a find ctodend for to year endng 319 January, 1987, of 2. Op tor 2.82p 
gross) per stare. Hod to Company's stav es been feted far o ful year, to Drecras would hove recommended 
dwfeends ratoting 3.25p far 4.58p gross) per rirae. This would have bean eourvetav to o yield of 4 J per com. 
at to Oftw For Sde pnee of )06p ond covered 2.34xmes ond 2.6>txnes respectively by eomngs per shore 
cofeubred on to bases se> out tmder Price Earengs Rota above, k a xnendad tot fuue dmefends wfi be payabl e 
m or about September futenml and in or atxxf May LfirraB. 


h' S mo early far to Dxsoort to gve an xtacceon oi to IMy ouucane for to whole of to eurent finonacti 
yeor. However, despae to fact tor press reports neficate tot. in general, renal foshon earing has been affected 
by adverse w pother condnms ti the early pat d to year, noting ekrrtg toi penod far Windsmoor has been 
emoir ogng. Safes and pre ft s far to Vs faur rnamhs ore nxmxig ahead of to curnpuabfe penod fast year. 
Fanmxd orders far "Wxvfenraor's" Auxurnn i 986 cotteaon show on increase of 25 per cenr. over I985whch 
6 a gnnd mdcaxon al to Italy recepxan far to c o l o cxon n to conoessrai outers. 

Dimng ihe eurent financ'd year. 16 new "Wndsmoor" and 30 new "Pfanai" concessions are scheduled to 
open, bnngtng to rad nuxnber of concessrans ro same 550 ond plans me bexig mode fix father new outea 
m >987. of vvhrdi 1 1 have dreody been finoksed. 

fe May to year, to Group oct»«d a lease w* 18 years unexprad an on aritferad 35.150 square feet 
ol wtretaiaxig space oi Tomxtom ra acaommoekxe expansion, 

The Dxeacrs oekeve to njch porerto renrare for to Group n to expens e of "shop-wahn top" troring 
bah »i to UX. ond Europe. I" to regard. Wndsmoor cortr*es ro welcome de ve lopm en t s ond change m ihe 
Hgh Sees t. wtoh have proved benefad kr to Group xi to pas. 

Wxh ihe devefepmenr of "own-lobe!" mer-:hond>:e for reralerc. to prospect of nvodueng Firtor ossocrated 
merchandse under to "Wndsmoor" and "Hanet" labels aid to taetaxd of new bands, to Dxecnxs ora 
contaera ci cortmijed cmd pcogreutve growth. 

The Drectors consxte tot to Group has a strong management team and tot « expertise n aB ospeas of 
desgn. mardoctusing qta mcriemg wd provrie an wcetarx bass lor Fuwb grawih. Wndsmocr s a feodng 
campaiy xi a large and tpowmg ndusry and to Dnec / ors view to fuxxe wuh confiden c e and aconvsm. 


fO Hacker Young 

Chartered Accountants 

The lotowtag « to rext af a, report received from Hooter Young. Ctonered Acccraxons. the ouefexs and repoftng 

' Si Alphoge Hou^ 

Tha Preoat s.^ 2 fore Street 

w2S!Ske . totaECSYJOH 

Lawrence Road 


london.N15 4ff 

The Directors 

Chase Mortrasa n Securities 
l London Wai Bddngs 

London EC2M5PT 4ihWy ^ 

LadteS and Gectemen. , . , . ' 

We have exomned to audited au»u«s of Wmdsmocx PIC rto Compaiy 1 ond d 

(k^etorexted 'to GfCtaJ-T far each of to five yean ended 30hJarwxy. 1982 to 986 ,S 

refevont oeauitmg pvtodn. The oouol year <wfc for to refevart occourong pen^ « 3a^fcraray. 1982, 
29* iaruexy, 1983. 28* Jmxay. 1984. 2nd February, 1985 ond 1st Febtwxy. 1986. For ease erf reteence, 

to yeor ante for to rafevort accounting penods have been drawn for to puxposes of to tepon as 3 1 st Xtaray. 

The Company was xraxporond on 26ihJcx«joty. 1966 ,asJ^miM^ltoadtUiidBdendre^gBte^ 
as o pubfc Mud ccnparry on 30<h Jura, J 986, wxh to none Wndsmoor nC. 

Far. Rose & Gay. Chartered Accountants, acted as autos to to Group far to yeor ended 30th Jmay,- 
1982. Fan, Rose & Gay merged writ Hacker Yoong in Apri, 1983 and we have con#nu«d te ocr as audtasfa 
to Group for to remamg tar years ended 3 1 st Januory. 1986. . 

The finonad xifamta ra i presented befaw a based on to oudxed oc ararts o f to Groufa ofwr mtettg suite 
odj ust marts as we conskfer neoessesy . Our wai hos been camoi at m accordance wxn to AutUng Gwoeto: 
Prospectuses and to r operang acaxrtort. 

The fnoncfef mfomraso n shown befaw. whch has been prepared under to festered cost convention. o . 

true ond fix view of to profes and soiree ond oppkcauon of funds of to Group far to reteww occwang penote 

and of to srateof affaxs erf to Group at to end of eodi of those yeots. 

1. Acteantbg PeBdos . . . .' 

The finonod nfa nnoiiun presented n tfes report hes been prepared on to boss af to fbbvwig ponopd 
acoounhng pofiaes. wfech have been appfied consoertfy ihrouflhort to ports ids under review. 

a! Turnover 

Turnover represents the imraiced vefae of goods sold » thrd parties net of Vci/e Added Teat end aodt nctes. 
b) Bads ofPrasnXafion . 

The accouxs ate prepared under to fe s toncol cost convention. ConsokdcXed acobtrts mckxfe to resaks of. 
d sutodfary companes. The resuks of to associated conpony ore Inducted under to etjsiy melhcd of 
o c oouTOng. _ '•••_"■ 

ej Dapradafion 

D^reckMn is calculated to wtxe off to cost o( fend assets over tor eipecMd tsoU fives oi to Fobwing 

Leasehold proposes — Arraued over to eferooen of to lease. 

Shop fixtures and ftengs — 25% staagta few. 

Fboures and fittings — 20% stiagfe kne. 

Plart ond mocfenory — 20% stoght kne. 

Motor vefedes — 25% stroghl kne. 

Office oquipmert — 20%/ 25% statf* kne. 

d| Stack 

Sradc cto work in process are valued on a anastert boss a> to tower of codand to redteedde value. Cost 
caraats of u^bO mcxtyiob ond lobour together with to appropriate proportion of overheads. Prorisiona mode 
far obsolete, stow moving or defective state 
e) Deferred Taxation 

Plowson is made for defamed tatoon, ueng to tabfey metod. on aB mctenal timing dfierenoes vrftidi are. 
not etpeded to continue far to foreseeable fauns. 

8 Pe ns ion s 

The costs of pension premkits m cfarged to to profit ond toss ocoount in to year in wfech toy become 
payable. ... 

Transa c tors <tt fonegn currencies are recorded at to rate d exchange ruing a to detie of to transaction. 
Tnxfe bcfances ensing frcxn fotteQn tiansocnonsore tionstewd prihe iob ofexc i ra ig e relnyqt to bofeoce 
sheer dote. AoFxs and losses ansng from Foregn exchange tiasoctions ot« ded> wdi m to profit and loss 
aocouni xi to yotx m wfech toy area. 

Grrap ProBl tmd Loss Accounts 

The surrvrx/nsed consatdoied profit ond toss accounts of to Group for to five years ended 31 st Jarcray. 1986 
are as falows: — 




Year ended 3 IstJamory. 
1983 1984 1985 

£000 £000 £000 

. 1986 







Cost of Soles 






Gras profit 






Net opening expenses 





- 4782 


Operating profir 






Interest receivobte 





■ . ‘ — ' 

Share of profe of assoocMd company 



" -402:- 






- 1,585 



tittered payable 




101 . 



Profit an arcfeory activities before - 














Reramd profir 


' 706 




Notes to ire PraBraed Lass Account 

o) Turnover 

Tuinov«raiotciy derived from tonxn]fboue.whctocfe cmd reraJ tivoughc 
wear. A geograpfecd anolysa d wmovor «s os falowst — 

United Kmgdom 

i drops of lodes fasfeon 


Year ended 3 1st Jarxxsry; 

1983 1984 1985 






£000 • 


28.0) 1 













53.816 . 










3.658 ' 






b) Net operating expanses 
Dontiaion costs 
Admn auui ve expenses 
Other operotng ncome 

cl Interest payable 

8 arl loai. ovetdrofa and otor loans whdy 

repayable wxhn five yearn 147 157 101 269 549 

dl Proflr an oidhary adhraties 
before ta xation 

Ths a stated after charging: 1 

. 286 332 433 634 957 

Hre af ftiant and moefenery M 13 | 3 , 5 

Dxectas' rerruneraior 174 220 358 305 325 

Drecrore" pereran comributrans 50 182 175 35 '44 

CbmpensaKn far toss of office 35 ' 

Persons lo frxmer drector — — gj 22 

Provoran far dreckxV pensions fit — J 2 Q 1)201 - 

AudRXs' rerornerown 28 26 27 , 28 39 

20,000 ' W5 m ° de ^ I>reao,s, fWWJns wfedi was not subsequent*^ required 

e} Taxation 





957 . - 





16 :’f 





325 . 




35 ’ 









32 : 

— * 




- - 







Year ended 3 1st January. 





The chorge/lcrete) far taxation comprises; 






UK Coiporoson rax 

— Current 

— Deferred 

Overseas rtwcaon 











1.261 '• 
1941 '• 


Interest on rax repayment 

„ .5 . 1 

Rror yw ockusurans 




151 i 

Shore of pxofes rax of assoctaed ccmpany 








.1.T90 - 

X Group Balance Sheets. 

befattee torts cl to Group or to end of each occounang penod lor to 
ended 3lsi Januoty. 198o are so out befaw: 

Tangbfe assea 




Cash a bonk aid xi tamd 

Amounts foBng due wten one year 


(Wi for kabfees and charges 


CoQed uo stave caoftti 
Strae prenx»n accwmi 1 
Profit and toss occci» 








■ la) 






8 T 6 










8.813 ' 






374 7 








3.336 4.069 

3^19 4.252 



: 575 



10.042 ' 

' 9.997 






5.741 . 











5.145 6^96 



! 5 L**e* 7 - 

Noh* to tha IoIbbh $taets 
d ' Tong&fe 




As of 3 /sr Jartxwy. 
1983 1984 

£000 £OOQ 





■ l9 ” ahofc f Properties 


Motor vehicles 

Stop feauras and fiaings 


2 77 






32 ) 










3 .J 93 

Aex w«rf«Kl Depreoofcon 







Stott leasehold propmei 

Motor wehvfe* 

Sbctp fixtures aid fitwup 


























Net book vofees 

Sion leasehold properw 

•tom ond eguipram 


Stop fixtures and tangs 


B 3 
























W fciwjiruMtf 

kwosmau m ouociated canpaty ar cosf 

Store of post ocqushon pxote 
















Raprasemed by : 

Shore of n« assets 

Loss decourt on acquooon 


( 24 ) 


( 24 ) 


124 ) 


124 ) 


124 ) 






Tha Company owns 5048 of tha issued shore cop** of Wmdsnoa (Honq Kona) Unwed, o conraanv 
"corpawed n Hong Kong. w 

d Stocks 

Fobncs • 

Work in pragma 
finished garmens 










5,175 5.881 6.208 10.042 9.997 


<8 Debtors 

Trade debtors 
Tacanon recoverable 






as hough such events hod token ploce on ha doe. 
















— — ■ 

Tangtte assets 







Amounts faing due wrihri one yeori 

Bank loons aid overdrafts 


TJ 228 




Bids payable 


Trade credras 



1.91 J 


2 . 96 ) 

Corporation rax 






Social Secumy and PAYE 























Bonk bans and orarddts are seared by acteberture and by crass guarantees of ol sdoskiary companies. 
Provision fee tofattss and diwyei 

The M potential tobfcy ond provision mode far defamed nation of 31 srJoraxvy. 1986 wes mode up as 
folowS: - 


Cop** dtewatoes yi oriv a i co crf tfeprnriatcn 
Other Ming dfference s ; 



( 38 ) 


Share capital 

At 31 st Jonrory, 1986 he company's authensed cstd issued dare cap** was os feSowt 



Ordnory shores of £1 each 
Deterred shares of £1 eodi 


Molted, issued and Uy path 
Odnary shares of £1 each 
Deferred dares at £1 eoch 

i By speed resakjton passed on 31 a Math. 1983 : 
ol «to aJborisad d we coped of die Company or dot doe of £ 10.000 was tended rto 5.000 


otdmy does of £1 each cad 5.000 deferred dares of £1 each; and 
the sum of £ 4.681 srorxing to be credr of be Company's reserves was eppied n paying up m 
hi a por os 0 boms issue, 4.681 ordnory shaes of El each increosng he issued dure cap** 
to £ 9 , 362 ,- and 

the eooang 4,681 ordnory stores of £1 each were converted rto 4,68 1 deferred shares of £1 

3 On 13 th June, 1986 . 

b I 

v<ur ' • VW' m 

die 5.000 deferred shares of El eoch of die Compony were convened ireo da sane tuntoer of 
ardnary shares ol £ i each; and 

the ouhonsed shoe coped of the Company was ncreosed to £ 56. 1 72 by the aetaon of 46. 1 72 
ordnory shores of £1 each: and 

d 46.8 lOordncry dares of £ I each were ssued cracked as My pad by way of copocfaaton of 

share premium occocmt. 

3 By or pasuonr to a specof rasokrien passed condtoraiy on 3 rd Wy» 1986 : 

a) n) dg ordnay shores of £1 of die Company was akxtaded «*> 20 ordnay shores of 5 p 
eoch; and 

die authorised dare cop** ol he Compony was increased to £ 1 . 450.000 by be creoron of 
27 . 876.560 ordnay shores of 5 p each.- an d 

) 9,35) , 560 onfrxxy stores of 5 p each were dotted cradled c»Wy pad by way of capriakceon 

ol reserves. 


Id Profit and loss account 

Pfoft and toss occorrt bror^ht torword 
CopiobcPon issue 
Reamed profit 
Exchange dflerences 

















( 4 ) 










( 28 ) 


( 128 ! 





7 . 6 lo 

assacated company. 

Contingent Babaitfes 

There OT conmaer.fioW«se»sreg 0 . 31 st January. 1986 m cornerman .wife 
a in^doamier*vyCT^ Q ^ fc ^ ,n£ie,,,ra#esciC, ' 050 ' 3,9; 

CopfhJ uiuMiuliiiontB 

At 3 Id January. 1986 cofwl comndmer-s were. . 
J catracted for: and 
d auihcris«dbwr»icowocredfot 





nl a wtoh are mayporarad a England and 

W«fcmoar llcndtal l«n*d 

ffanef taste® lmued 
Wmdsnaof (World bperi 
A & I (Steen Lmrad 

Pad ip 

Dae of 



(£ f 



20 h August. 1915 


llthDecetrher. 1978 


19 th July. 1941 


5 h Mtadi, 1962 


Madaearet. whcfesaler and 
reefer of women's fosters 

fcipler of women's Fastens 

Exp^nn of women's foshons 

M&t&zsfer of women’s 


4 . GnrepStateflserrtiof 5 ourt»B>d Appfcotkaof Fwis 

The suwnansed consoUtoted sreremem s of sotfee and appkeanon of tads of he Group for ihB five yBQrc ended 
3 ) jj Jonuory, 1986 ore set aribdowr 

Yeor ended 3 Id January. 

5 GL 8 CE OF RJNP 5 

Profit on ordnory ocovtes before foutvon 
Adppment far asms not raohing the movemetf of 
tatdsi > 


Shore of ossooceed compony proto 
loss/lprofit) on sde of bed assets 

Tool generated" tern opera»as 
Finds from other Maces; 
ftoeeeds on dspasof of feed assets 


Purchase of fixed assess 
Tovcnon pod 

increase n wortoig coped os dawn betow 

kvOEASE h worbng coped contonsesi 

Movement m net funds. 

Cosh at bonk and m hand 
• Bonk loans and overdrafts 













1. 484 




■ 332 







ill 31 



















• V .844 




















. 1.844 







( 45 ) 








£ 753 ! 


G> 6 > 





i.i 17 




1203 ) 

( 56 ) 




( 2.4201 







1 totted Ac co c uiU 

No audted accounts of the Company or its subsdones hove been prepared n respect of any penad subsequent 
to 31 s January. 1986 . 

Yous fbnhfuly. 

Otanered Accounonts. 


The falowmg pro-forma bdon ce sheet s pronded for Asian® purposes only end is based on he oudtsd 
consoWared balance sheet ol the Group as cn 3 1 si January, 1 986 , odjused to daw the apprownete ejects of: — 
U the captotsanon of reserves of £ 47,000 and £ 966 . 000 ; and 

tB the esue of 1 , 525.000 new Odnory Shares m the Offer Fa Sale to raise approimoiley £ 1 , 1 00 . 000 . oW 
esbiuad expenses wfodi has been set off ogonsr the bonk o wn daft . 








Cosh a bonk and n hand 





Amours foUrg due wihn one year 

Net current asses 


Tool asses less current tabtaes 

ftwaort for habUes and chages 


C ofl n d up dare cop** 
Shcre prenun 
Proa and loss account 







I. hOwpsqrndbttinbpM 

(II The Company wosncorporetodm England on 26 *i Jorany, 1 966 os □ private imiied company (web reg&ered 
rusber 8698091 under the Compa r res A a 1948 and w«h the name JANJ. (Melrose Rood! tawed. On 9 th June, 
1966 he none of he Company was changed ro Wndsmoor FHoWngs) Untried. The Compony was re-regaerad 
□s a p^Jfc fintried conpany on 2 Qh June. 1986 Mrih he name WtodsnoarPlC. 

12 ) The Compony b he hokfing compony of. end ho* o guoifyntg aprioi Werest n he compares referred to m 
poregreph 2 bebwr. The pnndpd obteos of the Compaiy . ce set out m Oause 4 of te Memarondm of Assocoon, 
are to acqqre he dare cop** of conpanies and/w to cony on he nodes a businesses of doth merchants, spmners 
aid weovers of cotan. wool and sk. tokexs. hosiers, dreamchers. mfiners, drapers and generci sores and to 
ocqure and/or cony on aiy other buaness which he Dnecors consider con be carted on *t connecson wih he 
Corpany’s busmess a ohereree. The Compony's regoered office and prmopol pbee of busness ore ot Whdsmoa 
House. Lawrence Rood, Totrerrivjm. London N 15 4 ff. 


(ol On 30 h June. 1 983 he oqhonsed share cap** of he Company was £ 10.000 d*ded into 5.000 
Oxfctory Shores of £1 eoch, 4 . 68 ) of which hod been issued My pa«J aid 5,000 Deferred Shares of 
£1 each. 4,681 of which hod been issued Uy pad. 


On ! 3 h June, 1986 : — 

B the 5.000 Deferred Shares of £1 each of he Conpony were convened **> he some wite of 
Ordnory Shores of £ I eoch: 

GO he cwhonsed shoe enpval of the Ccxrpany was increased to £ 56,1 72 by he erection of 46,172 
Ordnory Stares ol £1 eoch; and 

fi) 46,8 10 Ordnory Shares of £1 eoch were issued erected os My pad by woy of capfafe o tan of 
dare prenurt occcxrt. 


By a puwn to o special resobion of he Company passed on 3 rd JJy. 1986 cmd expressed to be 
condbonc* upon ol he Ordnory Stores of he Company, issued and now bang issued, being odmeed 
to he Ofitoal Ls by 23 rd July, 1986 aid upon Chase MahaBcn Securees not resandhg he Offer (or 
Safe Agreement referred ro n paragraph 3 bdow. — 

Q eoch of he OMnoy Shores of £1 of he Company was sub-drwded m»o 20 Ordnay Shares of 5 p 

E he auhoreed share cop** of ha Compony was mcreosed to £ 1 , 450.000 by ho crecnon of 
27.876300 Odnary Shoes of 5 p eoch; 

&} the Dvedors were genenJy and uncondtoncAy ouhonsed fa the purposes of Secton 80 of he 
Composes Act 1 985 » oGot relemorri seaxmas las defined n tha Sedan] up » a mancrown namnei 
amouv of £ 1 , 393.828 during he period of five yeas enctng on 1 st JJy. 1991 ; 

Gv) prsuen to he oenhorvy referred to « sub-paogroph H above, he provsoe of Section 89 of he 
- Compotes Aa 1985 were dsappked, u»i he conduscn of the fkst Annual Genetd Meetogof the 
Compony to be held ofter he ditie erf the cfcsapptcaun. m respea of (a) he aBotnem of Ordnory 
Shores referred to n sd>porograph M below, (b) dtomras m conneann wrh ngfes esues n favour 
of Odnary shaeferfden tsufeea only to such exekaore as the Orecrors may Feel necessary or 
apedent o deal wah troctoral enwfements a fegd a procncd probfems under he tows a 
requremenis of ony recogtsed regdaory body m any terrxory! and (d the Moment fa cash 
(aherwhe han persuom o la) or bU of o maxaum of £ 72.500 nomni of dare capa ol 
The provision s of Section 89 of he Compotes Ad ) 985 Iwheh. to he extern rxti deapplnd, coni er 
on darehddas' nghs of pre-emption m respea of he Motrert of equty secuntes which are a ore 
to be po*J up n ccohl apply to he ouhonsed bo unssuod Ordnory Shores wfteh are rat he subea 
of the de o pp ko eon referred to Qbtwe. The sroutory ngfes of pre-empton hove been cfeoppted n 
□refer led a pemw the Drectors n dkti he Ordmory Shares being subsotoed under tits Offer tor Scfe 
a o pnee per shoe oonsdered opprapnote by the Daedars after cgnstaowi wrih Chase Manhattan 
Secuntes ond lb) to give he Drecias ffexhhy m retotan to nghts «sues and esues erf Ordmary Shares 
mvctivmg up to 5 % of she ouhonsed dare capwal erf the Company. 

. Notwdsiandng he etsoppkcaan, he contnwig obkgcnctits for feted composes raqure hot. n the 
absenoe of spebd Stock Exchange dsp e ns o ran or ha approval of shareholders m general meetng. 
easy securims to be issued fa cosh nta be offered a he fits place to exsmg holders of equty 
seams in proponon to hew holcings,- 

M 1 9 . 35 1.560 Ordnory Shores of 5 p each were aAotedcredred as My pod by woy of coprioksstan 
of reserves; 

M 1 325.000 Odnary Shoes of 5 p eoch were olotted nrf pad to WooJgcte Nomnees tasted 
pursuant ib the Offer fa Sole Agreement referred to n porogroph 3 befew,- and 
M the Catipany adopted <s present Andes of Assocfton. 


The present ouhonsed shore cop** ol he Compony is Iherefere £ 1 , 450,000 dvided m« 29 . 000,000 
Ordnory Shores of 5 p eoch (none of whch a in bearer form) of whih 20 . 475.000 ae ssued end Uy 
poidaaecfeed as UypcacL knmedttiely EaDowrg complehon of the Offer for Safe, ha issued shore ccpnol 

of the Company w 8 be £ 1 . 1 00.000 ranpn s mg 22 , 000,000 Ordnay Shores of 5 p eoch, d of whch 
wrfl be fuSy pad a creckfed os My pad 


Sate os dsdbsed m he aecadng subpaogrophs of te pa u^op i i 1 0) end n poregreph 3= — 

0 (tosfarewteoncqpidofheComponyaQnyofrissubsidoneshosvwhinhehree^ORprecedrig 
the dae of hb dxumem been iuued a « proposed to be issued fuSy a pally pad flriher fa cosh 
a fa o eonstdanm ohar thon cosh; 

a nocaiwm s s ore . dscouits. dotarogas a oherspecolrerns hove wahin the soma three year perod 
been granted by he Compony a any of ic subsdones n connection to] he issue a sole of ony 
port erf he shore a loon cop** hereof; a*d 

0 no dm a loon caps* of he Company a any of ns subsdones s infer option a ogreeeJ 
ccndndy a uncondnaroly to be pa infer opron. 

7 , 000 , 000 OnitcryShoriBwtSreiitoaaahohsedbtf uTKsuedfolowrngcompIgtion of the Offer for Sate. 
Save a/zucn to he Offer (or Sob. no marenol issue of Odnary Shores of he Company (other hat to 
sfneholders pra nxDio eoosang hddngs) «ml be mode w«hn one yea of he dote of he dooineiv wrihoa 

ha pnw approved of he Company n general meewig. 


l X._ 



2 - SebsfaSory and Assodctied Corapenes 

The Company has he idfewng suteday and-ossoo«ad compor»es~ 


Wmdsmoa [London] tawed 

Plana Foshons tawed 
A. 6 1 . Green tawed 

Wtnc fe noc r [World Expcn) 

Wmdsntoa (Cosuotsl tawed 

Windsmoa frtong Kor^ 

Country and 
dote of 

and fJy 
pad store 

Percentage of 



20 . 8.1915 

£ 10.000 

100 % 

Marukxnret. whofesafertad 
retafer of vrontan's fastovo 

11 . 12. 1978 

£ 1.000 

100 % 

Ranter of women’s lashers 


5 . 3.1962 



McnufocMw of women’s 


19 . 7.1941 

£]Q 0 

100 * ID 

Exporter of women's foshons 


12 . 4.1960 


> 00 * (?) 

Nor tracing 


18 . 6.65 

£ 1.000 


Na mxtag 

Hong Kong 
25 . 1.1972 

HK$ 4 , 000,000 

50 % 

Mawfodurer of women’s 

Note (11 The share cap** n these compares e owned by Windsmoa ioodonl taned. 

'Hteregaaedofficeaf alhecomporvestgedoboveisskualedaWin^moaHase. Lawrence Rood. London Nl 5 
4 ? save ha he registered office of Wndsmoa (Hong Kong) tawed a wuoted a Room 302 . East Ocean Centre. 
98 GtawJe Road Tymshetiu* Eos. Kowloon, Hdngkong. 

3. Offer ArraagMBMta 

(II 8 y an Agreement Che Offer lor Safe Agreement"! dated 4 h July, 1986 and mode between he Dvectors (II 
B.R. Green and Others The Vendors’ 1 QJ he Company G) and Chase Manhattan Securities ( 4 ). Chase Manhattan 
SeainMs has agreed, sublet ro d he Ordnory Shores of the Company esued ond now beng issued bemg cdnwtad 
to he Official 1 st by 23 rd July, 1986 . to purchase from he Vendors 5 . 075.000 Orrimary Shoes ol 5 p each and 
tosubsafcefor 1 ^ 525,000 Ordnay Shares of 5 pn each case a a pros of ) 06 p per shore and to offer al such 
shores far serfe to he pufckc a he sane pnee. 

< 2 i In consderancxi cJ ns services. Chase Mon luwa i Seames wf receive a fee aid eomnrisston of 2 percent, on 
the oggregae value of he shores beng offered la sole cut of wtidi it wfl pay sukrunderwreng commsuon of 1 K 
par esnr. on such aggregae vdue. Al other costs, chorges and expenses of and aicidennl to he Ofler fa Safe and 
he appkaxon Fa admuton to he OfFooI 1 st will be borne by the Company. 

Gi Under the Offer fa Serfs Agreement, the Dvectors and he Company hove jpven Chose Manhatton Securwes o 
wamanty in relanai to the nlamanon m this docunern aid cetton oi he Dvectors and he Company have gwen Chcee 
Manhattan Securnes cenom general wonames. In adddon. the Vendors tether han D. M. Basel and he Company 
hove gven Chase Monhanon Secutmes on ndermy n rdoton to he vrfamonon n the document and he Vendors 
tether han D. M. Bose) have given the Company and to subsrdanss canon mdemwies in reteton u ncame nx and 
copacrf varsfer tox. 

141 A< ha shareholders hove agreed wih Chose Marfntton Secures na to depose of ony diores m he Compony 
retomed by them foflowmg the Offer fa Serfe fa o pored of 12 momhs from he doe hereof wxhoui he poor wmen 
consent of Chose Marhomn 5 e curwes. save that the does not cpply to any ofl-marter ctsposols by he Trustees of 
the Chafes Green Sanfemeni to any other Vendor. 

(51 The Vendors and the nunteer of Odnay Shcves being sold by eoch of ham respectively ae a follows^ 

B.R. Green 
L Green 
R. J. Green 

A. D. Green. B. R. Green aid 0 . M. Rose 
tos Trustees erf he Chafes Green Sett fe menti 

Aib. of Otoory Shares 

2 . 030.000 

1 . 372.510 

1 . 522,500 


4 . Dbatfors* ad Other fefefBUs 

( I > The benefeiol interests (os defned n the Comperes Act 1 985 ) of he Dvectors n the shore coped ol he 
Company itnmecrfotely falowmg compfetevt of he Offer (or Sale to be as lalowsc- 

Na. of Ordnory Shares ft 


B.R. Green 
L Green ' 
R. J. Green 

5 . 134,719 


4 . 623.062 




12 ) bnmedotely fcfcwmq conpfeton of he Offer fa Safe. B. R. Green, A. D. Green and D. M. Rose as pw 
registered holders to have a icvtt non-benefu* vnerest in a md of 5 . 642^19 Ordnory Shares of 5 p each 
[comprising 25.65 per cm. of he Company's hen issued shae cap**) os Trustees of a dsaenonary trust made 
m 1952 by the Icne Chafes Green. B. R. Green, L Green, R. J. Green. A. D. Green. J. R. Green end her respective 
wives aid chrfdien ae cA members of tie doss of poena* benefxxmes of the vua. 

f 3 1 On 4 h JUy. 1986 . B. R. Green anjH J. Green entered vao a Pre-empton Agreement whereuider each has 
a nghtol fvst refuse* (fa hvnserff a o nominated qurchosed tn respect of he other's Ordvxxy Shores a the Compony 
Ina beog shores sold ivider he Offer la SdW ivwS boh ore dead or the aggregate jharehoWngs qI them and ether 
descendom of he low Chafes Green and her spouses fab below 50. 1 per cem. of he issued share cop** of 
he Company a bey otherwise agree. 

14 ) Save os dsdased n sub-paragraphs (11 and ( 2 ) above, he Company * na aware erf any person who. 
(rmedcady fMowng compfeton of he Offer la Safe, wfl be drectly or nfcecily vuerested m 5 per cem. or me 
of he ssued dare coprati of he Company. 

IS) No Director has any vneres in any transactions whdt are a were awsualin he* nanve a conditions a sgrvhajrt 
to he busness of he Group cmd wfach tel were effected by he Compony (kwig the avrem a nanedaidy ancedmg 
fnanoai yea or lb) were effected by he Compony during an eater I aioncol yea end reman m any respect 
ouoondng a unperformed. 

5. Directors' Service Ag ree r— ett 

HI The fofiowmg so summary of he Obeoars' sennee ograemems al of whch came vro effect at 1 st July. 1986 - 


B. R. Green 

R. J. Green 
5 . Brenner 
J. R. Green 

G. M. Kedeton 

S. E. Nesta-Shermon 
D. A. Wcrfier 

Current Annual 
Bax Salary 






Bnpbyng Company 

The Company 
The Company 
Wndsmcor Uondcm) tawed 
Wrefamoa (London) tawed 
Windsmoa llondon) tawed 
Wndsmoa Oondcrl tawed 
Wndsmoa Honda* Lamed 

( 2 ) Termmotion of he obewe serves ogreemems may be dfeaed by 12 months' notice by evhor parly expmng an 
a a any wne after he expwy of her (need term. 

G) Save as aforesad. here are no axsrvigw proposed senncaogreanems between ary of the Oveaots and he 
Compcry a any of ns suhatenns. 

14 ) The oggregae of he remuneration pod and benefits n bnd granted to the Dvectors during he last financa* yea 
ended on 1 st February, 1 986 was £ 325 . 000 . k o eswnaed rtea he oggregae omomn payable to be IVactots 
of the Compony n the current fnoncic* yea endng a 31 Si Januory. 1 907 inder ha onongemeras n force a he 
dote hereof to be £ 330 . 000 . 

6. Shore Option Sdwae 

U) The Company odap ra d on Executive Shore Option Scheme on > 3 h June. 1986 which c ow a ns he 
fcflowmg pmoperf feemves laiied to the approval of tie Inland Reverue and to he special resokthons referred to 
* lGUd obovfi- becomng incondvoncrf).— 


A low erf he lower of 1 . 822,527 Octeary Shores (bemg equal to B .28 per cent, of he Company's esued 
Ordnory shae cop«* fcflowaig he Offer fa Sofe) -and 5 per cert- of he Compony ’s esued shore capital from 
time to time fwhen aggregated won Ordnory Shares «ued pmsucvn to ngh« granted under oher executive shore 
schemes w*hn the period of 10 years preceding any grant of option! wfl be mode ovabbte fa subscription 
under the Scheme at the Drams’ dscreson to selected M-tane employees cmd U-tane dreaors ol the 
compones n the Group, provided ha the oggregae cl aS Ordncxy Shaes tissued end ssuable inder the 
Scheme end any abet employee shore sdtemesh- 

0 wdm he previous 10 yeas did na exceed 10 per cem. of he sued shae cop** from me to wne; 

B n ony 3 years shdO not exceed 3 per cem. of he issued shore cap** horn bme to feme m any 3 years 


The pnee a whch shores may be subscribed fa pusuora to cn opron to be daemwted by he Dveoors but 
shefl na be less thaiihe redde morterf cpoicaion ol a Ctrdvwy Share cjn he decring dov of The Stoc) Exchange 
anmedorely precedrg the derfe of grant of at Opeon as denved form he Dorfy Offla* La of The 5 *oci Exchange 
at. 3 greener, ho normal vobe of an Ordinary Shore. 

id Poraaponts wfl pay o consderaron ol £1 fa every opron graved to hem. 


No Option may be granted under he Scheme to any person if he a wohm iwo yean of rearemert a if he 
□gpregote of he Subscription pree m relation to cfl Ordnory Stores. — 

U to be subsea to he option and inder exstng options or oa$jred at he exercise of any eher options 
CV 5 UCOT to he Scheme a ony ohev scheme opproved under he Finance Act 1984 ond estotkdted by 
he Company a ony associated compony exceeds he greater d lour femes ho ormxd remuneration 
(exdudmp benetio m tad) fa the current a piecedmg tox yea (wbcheva e the greener) ond £ 1 00 , 000 ; 
ond ' 

(a) oegaed by hm by cflovnem a n respect of whch options hove been grouted to han under R above ond 
any other share scheme estoUdied by the Conpony at any subsidiary lexcepi fa proir-shcxng schemes. 
SAVE option schemes ond schemes approved under he Fataice Aa 1984 ) wdtm he previous ten years, 
exceeds four ones he annual rate of rarnmeration. 

Cel No apron wfl be capable of transfer tr assxgnmenr- 

0) Options moy be granted ® hose ekgfele to poraojxae ai he Scheme dunrg the w-week-penod fokowvtg the 
approval of he Scheme by he Intend Reverue and thereafter duwig he s& weck pen od mmodaely fotowmg 
he prekmmory otawimcemenj by he Caroany of * onroerf ond hofi-yeorly teaks. 


No option wfl normoly be everasoble less han three years a mere hon ten yeas after beng granted or 
■ between such deves wnhvt ha period as he Dractcvs dotentme. An opnon may otherwise be eretased n he 
fotowaig crcumsmncesi- 

li) t. before he date on wtvdiJ fins becomes exerasobfe a a evty tans hereafter wUe * remans eeterosoble. 
oponcto^ceoses to be ai employee of he Group because of a«ry. duobfliy, redundancy a rewemem, 
a rf to enpicymg sjbsxiory ceoses to be a member of he Group tf may be exercised wdw the fcnest 
of sec months of such cassation, three and a hoH years char he dote of which he option a granted and 
three and a half years ober a previous exetase ol an option when no ncame fax charge crose ; 

B i.beiore he d»e on wbihn fra besacmesexercaabte a » ony «*»te hereafter wWettretrnais exerasobfe, 
o potBopara des whte stfl an employee of he Group. « may be exposed wahai hwefve mcmihs w his deah; 

lot J. cher he date on wbchv first becomes exercisable, a panopam ceases to be an employee d he Group 
for any other reason, and he Directors deade hat * Ota be exerasobfe. hen it may be exercised wnbn 
ja maths of such cessation (unless he Daeaors penw a longer period up to the mawrom penod 
permissble under Q aboveh and 

tv) upon 0 charge n contra* a on a vofenttry waidngHip of ha Company. 

(hi Ordtoy Shores ssued pursuant to he exettwerf optons wfl. wA effea (rom her dene of Slue, rank pen passu 
with easing Odnary Stores of he Company: 

(j Any conddon of attonmem of a performance wget at rolctcn to he extarae of on option may (with he pnor 
aocrovd of he Intend Reverue! be waved by the Board; 

y preuded her he Scheme conanues to comply wnh Hand Revenue recuaemems fa approvd under he Finance 
Act 1 984 . certOmpravsionsofito Scheme moy be cmendedbv he Orectorsbrf (except fa amatomerts whch 
me Dvectofs hmk necessay « desvdbte to damn ond movaon oppiow* oi he trfend Revenue to he Scr-eme) 
he Id) owvg mportcav fomjes ol ha Schema coma be altered without he pnor opprpuol pf he Compony 
m Genertd Meeting:- * 

IJ he necessary qucAfications fa pamt paten by employees vt he Scheme; 


_ .J 


U be mcMib.11 twite of Otkoy Shares « rasped of wAeh op»on$ may be granted cmd fa mahod ol 
coicubvig odtusmiem to such nxnber and to be Orctery Shares under option n the avert d aiy 
wotg a neon o n of coo ml; 

U the constetAn of £1 for eodt option and fa cafcdonon of the pncs payable an fa exercise of on 

(ml prowaons Inueng in gram of opacns to empfovess: 

fv) the nghis cmachtig to the Ordrnwy Shares issued on rite exerose of an cpsc©; and 

Ivri the non-transferaMiy af options. 

I2> As at the doe of the docunem no opron$ hove been greyed or agreed to be gond under the Scheme. 
However, n a the ©wwi of the Veaors to gram options. on or Wore 31 si My, 1986 over a total ol 353.76? 
Ordinary Shares being equal to oppronmaely 1 61 per cere, of the asued share eopeof remet fa t e fy falowng the 
Offer for Sale to S. Brenner. J. R. Green, G. M. Kenton. S. E. Nesor-Sherman and D. A. Wdfer and carton other 

7. Artdos of Aseodtrtoe 

The Andes of AssOMrtn of the Ccnpcny cento© provisoes, rtfar do. re the foCowmg effect,— 

(1) Rights of Shores 

(ol Aso votmg. subteo to any speed terms os to voting upon whdi any shores may far the tree bong 
be hdd fas to whdi fare are none at present! uow» a show d hands every member present ©person 
ski lave one vote red if»n a pol every member present ai person or by proxy shall have one vote 
Ire every share held by hre. 

tb) As to efrndends; subtea to any speod ngho attached to any shores ssued by be Comprety © he 
Mure. the holders of the Odmrey Shores res anted prei passu amongu themselves, b® m propose© 
to the ereoums pred up on the shoes held by them, to share © he whole of the prate of be Ccrepoiy 
pod oc/ as cbdends. 

Id As to retwn of coped; on a vwidng up. rhe asses lemoinug ate poymem of be debs and fcbrftes 
of the Company and be casts of the bqudouon. *d. subfed to any special nghts atta c hing to any 
ote doss ol shores, be appied in repoyng to the holders of Orcbtoy Shares tfte renourts pod up 
ret such shares retd any srepbs shal be cfcrtetABd omangsf such ftadurs occrechtg to rite numbas 
of shores held by them respeatey. 

(3] Variation of Shore Rights 

Subtea to the prowsans of the Compares Act 1985. the ngte attached to rety dass af tees moy be 
modfad. attogreed re varied ete w<h the consent n wrong of the holders af brae-fowhs of the issued 
shares of that dass or w*h the sonocn of ret extrootdfewy resduron passed at a general tneesng of the 
holders of te shares of te doss. 

(3) Changes in Share Capitol 

The Company may by ardnrey tesobtan naease ib diree capital, cte the nomnd renoure of each share 
reef cancel any umssued shares. Subject to fapravsans of the Companies Acf 1985. the Comprety moy 
by spebol resoVmon reduce is shore coped. 

Tran sf er of Shores 

Al transfers of shares must be © writing n the usual form re any other form permuted by the Stock Transfer 

Aa 1 963 or approved by the Otreares. The nstrument ctf transfer must be s^ned by or on behotf of the 

transferor and. if the shares bang transferred ore not My paid, by or on behdf of the tretsferee. The 
Dreores may n their absolute daaetan ad without assigning any reason therefor refuse to rejpsrer any 
transfer of a share Inre bong a My pad sharal to a person of whom dtey do not approve and may abo 
dadme to register any t ransfer of a shore an whch the Company has o fen. 

15) Undabned Dividends 

Any cfedend undo*ned ctea period of twelve years fram the date of its declaration shai be forfeited 
red shall revert to the Crenpcny. 

(6) Dire c tors 

(a) Restriaats cn veeng: No Dreaer may vote or be counted n te quonw in respect of any com m a, 
arrangemenr or any other proposal whatsoever in wfxch he has wiv motetid toerea aherwee than 
by vxtue al ha interests © shcras re debontmes ar other seaxnes of or ctherwoe n or through fie 
Company. The Company may by ordnary resoMon suspend or relax fa prabMon to any extent 
re ratfyany transaction nor authorised by reason of o cre w uv era un of the prohfasen. The prahfcfton 
does not Q)3ply n arty ever* to resokihons regredng; D te gwmg of any searty or indemmy to a 
Vector © respect of money lew re aUgcbons round by hoi at fa request of or far the benrfr of 
any mender of the Group or to a fad parry © respea of a deb or obfgalan of any member of the 
Group far whch the Director has asoned responsbfcy wider a guarantee or ndemnoy or by the 
jvtng of seamtyBony proposal cooewg an offer of seewrts of or by rety member of the Group 
whch a tttaindsrvnviBn re subundsnvnflen by foOtaSOr £3 any proposal concerting any ote 
company m whch the Director « interested, unless he is the holder d ar benefoaly ©wre ste d m one 
per cent, or mare of the issued shores of ony dass of such company Ire of ony fend company though 
whch he interasi is domed or d fa votng ngte ovcxlabfe to menbers of be relevant comppny and 
Ovl any proposal concemng the adopkn. modtenon re operation af o supotreiuatcn fund re 
retrement benefn scheme re employees' shore scheme under whch he may beneht and whch has 
been approved by re is subiea to and candoond upon approval by the Bored of Inland Rerenie 
for taxation puposes. ftopos db concemmp the oppomtmert imdudng hang or vreymg the tenns of 
oppomtmenrt ol two or more Directors to offices of employment with be Company may be chnded 
and creadered *i rdanon to each Director separately and in such coses eodt Orector Gf not debased 
from vcAng ixxfw GS above) shal be entMed to vare in respect af eodt resoMan except bre 
concernin g hs own app o intment. 

lb) Renmetoixjib The oggtegree fees af the Directors shoB not exceed £20.000 but the D*eOres may 
be pad such fixber sons by way of adefeond fees as may from tme to tme be dewmwed by the 
Conpany r general meeetg. The Drectois are enmfed to be pcxdcd reasonable expenses meured 
by them m q te ndn g meetings d the Dreorxs ar commmees of be Dxedors or general meenngs or 
atewbe n or about the business d the Company. 

Any Dreaor who is appaned to any executive office or who senes on ay cammace re who 
otherwise perfams services whch in be apnan af te Dractots ree outade the scope d be rednary 
dirts d a Director may be paid m addnon to ony hectors’ fees such remumceon hMv by woy 

. of sdrey. commisscn or pam p paton n profits or partly n one way and panfy a onotheH as be 
Dreares may determine. 

The [Vectors may grant penaons re other benefits to any exeojtve Directors re ^-Directors and to 
persons corrected wdt them. 

Id Bonowmg powersi Subject as provided below, be Dractots may rererdse dl be powers d the 
Compony to roae ot bonow money and p mottgog s re chorate to mxfertdmtg pnapeny and assets 
bob present and tore findudng uncoled captdl and. sutyed to Seonn 80 of the Conpones Act 
1 985, to asue debentures, deberture stock re ober seaittes whether autnght or as cdtoxd secuvy 
for any debt re attgacn al in Company or any thvd party. 

The Vectors bai resntd the borrowings of the Comprety and exerts© ol vasng end ober tights or 
powers d control exercsobie by be Conpany in reianan to ft subsdenes fw be tme bemg ("be 
subsdones") so as to ensue (but as regards the subadones ody in so fre as by be exercise of such 
rights or powers af conrrol the Vectors cret ensred bat be oggragas amount far be nme bang 
remaining oustondmg n respea of money borrowed las such expresaon a defined xi be Artdes) cr 
seorad by be Gtojp fexekawe d nvo-group bonowmgs) shd not wtou be previous sanoon d 
thB Company «t general meeting exceed an omou* eqiid to Vh tries be aggregate ofr- 
Q be amou* pod up or cradled os pad ift an be share cap *d of be Canpany. and 
O be omgu* stondng to be credt ol be reserves d the Company and be tobsdones after 
adprenem as more pamairefy set ou in be relevant Articles. 

fcfl Retvemem uider an age bn*: Vectors are not reqreed to retxe on attaining be age d seventy or 
any other age and Section 293 d be Compcnes Act 1985 does net apply to te Company. 

(el RemowJ of Draaors: A Vector not beng one who holds 10 per cent, or more af be asued Share 
Gap*d of be Company, shal resign he office as Dreacx I requestod to do so by ol be other 
Vectors or by any two Vectors bokbig between them rtev less than 5 1 per cent d be asued Share 
Capital d be Comprety. 

8. Materid Contract 

The only conffoa. no* bemg a conmao in be cvdnrey cars© d busmess. to have been entered mto by be 
Company retd fi subsrdcmes wvhm be two yearn mvnedatefy precedng be dree d bs documet*. and whch a or 
may be motend a be Offer far Safe Ageemet* su mm onsed n ponograph 3 above. 

9. Property 

The pmopd esrebishmerrs of be Grace, al d whch are leasehold, are as folbws.— 


It. Woridag Copbd 

TheVeaors ore d be of»«an bar. tong nra accoum avoiobfe bre* ond reher fodtifis and be net prcceeds 
of be Offer far Safe recenrabfe by be Company, be Group hos suffere* worVmg coped for c piesem requremems 

12. General 

(11 The tad charges texchawedVADpoyckife by the Company moornecson with tbs Offer far Safe ore esmated 
to vWt io£ 5I5J00. The 10M remtwacnooof Oiose M anhawjt Seaxms a nd sub-otoe w inBrs. aKkidng 
rederenang commaaons aid margns. omoums to same £21 5.000. The esmoed net.ctssh proceeds occn^a 
to be Ccnpanv from be Offer for Safe ore £1 . 100.000 and wJ be used as desatoed m be seaton headed 
"Raosons fre be Offer far Safe" m b& documers. 

f2f The Ordnrey Shares now bemg dfered far sde hove o nomnd vdu© of 5p eoch and. at be Offer far Safe 
pneed IDdp. be aamprenMn a 1 01 p per diore. No expenses d be Offer far Safe ore bemg speokdly 
ehreged to subscribers re purchasers undre be Offer fa Sde. 

The Offer for Sde a bemg utdsrwmm n M by Chase Manknon 5ecu»*es whose reaswred office s at 
Wodgae House. Cdeman Street. London EC2P 2HD. 

1^1 frfe^hprb e Company nre cmy 6f te Sub a dones a. or hos m be twehe momhs poor to be dote hereof bee" 
engaged m or brecnened w* any fegaron or rebiefton wbch may have O' has hod O sgmficart «ffeo on be 
fmanod poMOn d be Group and no Ifegreton or cbm ar threat breed which may have such effect e known 
to be Directors. 

f5J There has been no sgnfajrtchatigen be financtal or trocfegposrtnd the Group «e Istfebrurey. 1986. 
bemg be dree d be bresf audted accounts. 

*61 Hodw Yoimg hove gven and have not wibdrown ber wroen consent to be issue of te doaxnent wb be 
mckson heren af a oopyof ber report and fetter and be references thereto n be farm and cornea m whch 
bey are nduded. 

171 The fmanod nfarmoton concemng be Company and its subadones camoned n be doaroent does not amorett 
toMgfo paccore <sw<hnbemBonngdSec>Qo25^dtheCbrparMsAo 1985. fJ group ocaxnsrdawg 
to each Rnanod year to whch be finonod m fo rmatton rekaes have been detered to be Regasre d 
Consumes. The tV rftorehavemodeorppretdihebndrequredby 5eoon 236 of be Compgmes Act 1985 
•in respea of each such set of accounts and each sudi report was an unqudhed repan w«hm be m erere g ef 
Searen 255 d bre Aa 

18) Eoch dwdend On be Otoary Shares of be Company w< be pred to base hates of OdhreyShrees on be 
regater d members on be record dote far such dredend. 5uch record date wi nonnaly be d«ut s» w®ds 
before be dree d poymem. 

Copies d be fdowmgdocumems moy be mspected re be offices dModorireies, 10 Norwich Sreet. London 
EC4A 1BD dmg usud business hows on ony weeldoy Eoturdays and puthc Hobdays sxcepredl id 21 m Jdy. 

11) the Memorandum and Amdes d d CorT**"yr 

12) be exited consofadcsed acoouns d be Comprety and is subsxfcnes far be two years ended 1st 
Februrey. 1986; 

G1 be Acaxntams' Report set out n Seaton I and be statement of odjuMments retotmg bereto,- 

(4) be Vectors' service agreem e nts referred to m parag ra ph 5 above,- 

(51 be ffefes of the Share Option Scheme referred to n poragaph 6 above; 

ftSf be mreend conmxr refened to n poragraph 8 above; and 

(7) be written consent referred to n paragraph 1216) above. 

Dctod4b July. 1986. 


Accepmce d apdtoatens wfl be oorefc on d upon dl be Ordnrey Shoes d be Company issued and now being 
issued bemg odtmd » be Offcd fat by 2 3nd July. 1986 and upon Chase Manhattan Secwmes no resondmg* 
the Offer Ire Sob Agreement in accordance wib its terms. If any appk a son a not nmapud or t ony ap pk eonon 
a acceptod far fewer Ordnary Shores than be number (fapfed far. be appkeonon money or the babnee of be 
omount paid on apefccreon w8 be retwned without iraerest and d be risk of the oppkam. 

Chase Manhattan Secwmes reserves be right to present ol cheques and bankers' drafts for payment on race*?, to 
retanfenemof AccepoicreondsurpkgqpijIootoririiorieysparKhigdereCTiceofbesuccBsAfQppIcarn s 'choqties 
and to rapet any apc kc oon n whole re m pari and, in ponokr, nxbpb or suspected mdupb oppkanora. 

By completing and defewng on Appkxbon Form, you fas be uppicontblli 

0 offer to pwchose be runberd Ordnrey Shores m the Comprety speched in your Applcdcn Form far ony 
smaler nunber for which the appfexnon a accepredl re be offer far safe pnee subjea to be Lssng Barfcdcrs 
retotng to be Company dated 4b fay. 1986. mdudng these terms rod conchons. and be Me mo rondan 
and Andes d Assoacncn d be Comprety; 

a cuhonse Chose Mobretan Securities to send o fufy pred renounceafcfe letter d Acceptance for be lumber 
of Ordnary Shanes far whch yaw oppkeanon a except ad. and/or a crossed cheque far any money 
retunabfe. by post to yaw address Ire bre of be ftst-named opplcart) as set out n yaw AppLcaeon Form 
and to procure bre yow name bogeber wth be namels) af any other jot* og faw W e/are piacred on be 
register of members of be Company in respect d such Ordnary Shares be ertdementto which has not been 
ddy renawxed- 

U ogreebatyowoppfcqraninoy not be revoked urd after 23ndJdy. (986 red the* tfxsporogrophconsMwes 
a ccAnero) crenocr between you and Chase Morbafton Secures whdi wi became bndng upon desporch 
by pas* to or. m be case d dekvenes by hand, rrecept by Barclays Bank PIC, New Issues Department, of 
yow Appkcgnon Fomt: 

M warrant bat yow renri tan ce wS be honowed an fnt presentation; 

M agree bre any ’Letter of Acceptance and any money retwnabfe to you may be retaned pendng clearance 
of yow remnrexe; 

M agree bat al apptccrtns. acceptances of oppkeonons and contracts rasukrtg berefram under be Offer fre 
Sde wf be governed by and construed n accordance wvh Engfch law.- 

hi warren bat. t you ogn be Appkavon Form on behalf of somebody ebe. or an behdf d a corporaaon. 
you hove due oubomy to do so.- 

hal confrm bre n mabtg such appkanon you are not rdyng an any iriannaton ar represereann n retorian to 
the Catpony re to any of rs subaekmes ote ban base comoned © the bang Renoirs and you 
occordngly agree bat no person resporobfe solely or joniy far be latmg PretoJars or any pan thereof w<8 
have any fabity far any such ober ©fermceon or represenronoro. 

No persons rocewng □ copy d be Listrg PartaJors re be Apptenon Form in ony territory ober ban be Dreed 
Kingdom may treat be same as consMutng an ©veceon re offer to them, nor shodd they © any event use such Farm, 
urfess in be relevant ternary such an ©yvok© or offer codd fawfdy be mode to Such persons or such Form codd 
fawMy be used wiha/coreovennai of any re^jxoeorr re ote fegdwqwwenrs. (re be responstey of persons 
oulsda be Urxted Kingdom wahmg to moke on oppkaron under be Offer for Sde to sredy bemsefees as to ful 
observance d be lows of any relevant termorym co nneoon berewib, mdudng be obtorxng d any requae 
govemmend re ate legd consents wbeh moy be reqdred and compkonce vnb any ote farmolmes n such teimary. 
ond to pay any irander or other taxes raqwsd ro be pad m sudi armory m raspeo d Ordnory Shores acqreed 
by bem wider be Offer far Sde. 

The bass d dbasson wi be determined by Chase Manhretan Searmes in consdtreton w*h be Comprety. 
Accapto n c e of oppicrerons w ii be effected of the dacron of Chose M j rf m m j i Secwrts ate by txjnfeonon of 
be basis d oppkeemon to D» Stock Exdionge or by be detennmanon . by Chase Monhretai Secwmes of be nwtte 
d Ordnary Shares far whch appknxon a accepted. 

P refe ren ce wJ be fiiuen in respect of a maarxxn of 350.000 Ordmary Shores being effared fre sde to q ppkc o on s 
mode by preset* or paa employees d be Company or *s subsdones. (n be evert of excess qppkoe o m bemg 
receded from employees, be bass d doconon wtO be detertnned by Chase Manhattan Secwnes re *s docreton. 

>1 consultation vrth the Company. 

No ndwdud ofacaron d shares represenwg more ban 1 0 per cam. d be asued Ordnary shoe capral wfl be 

Al dooumems ond cheques sen by post will be anhe nsk d be personW ended berrea 

20 Upper Grosveror 
Street. London WI 

Btodt A. lawrance Rood 
Wusmd Estate. Torerban, 
London Nl 5 

Bkx* 8. Lawrence Rood 
fedusrrtd Estate, Tottenham, 
London N15 

Block C. North WAng. 
lownance Rood hdfitnal 
Esrore. Tottenham, London 

Block C. Soub Wing, 
Lawrence Road Indusmal 
Estate, Touerban, London 

Block E. Nonh Wing. 
Lawrence Road tndustnal 
Estate. Touerban, London 


ate area of 
baking « 
sq. feet (net 



Data lease 

annual tent 


Period ef » 

revtewf Next | 

rent review 1 

dote | 

Showrooms and 
offices wib 
readermol B® above 


Ts May, 


None " 


l/Wfo olfar to puidwm 

WJjotesofe storage 
aid dstnbukon 
centre wtb anefiary 






5 yearly; 12b 1 

November. ■ 

1969 1 



dan button ond 
cmdfary offices 





1987 (II 

24th Ailardi. 



None ® 

Note | 

Mr far be tea© poyabfa. aaa 

detnbuton aid 
onctory offices 

1987 (21 



Warehouse and 
Dambunon Centre 




1987 (31 


No, 1 


Mr.. Mrs., Mas. te or te 

Warehouse and 



49.000 - 

7 yearly: 29b * 


Datnbrtn Cenrre 

2004 (41 

Sepiwifeur. 1 


Address n U 

NetMi HI Opnan re renew far 2 1 year term ererosed an 1 7b Ternary, 1986. Ren agreed subject to contract 
re £43.800 per amm. Rent rewews on a 5 yearly boss, be hat such renew beng on 1 9b January. 1092. 
(21 No*ce served reqreing gran* of new lease wte Sedan 25 (andard and Tenonr Act 1954. Counter- 
nosce served by landbrd to effect bat new lease not opposed subiea » agreement d tenns. 

131 Option to renew for 21 year term exerosed 21st Jamiary. 1986. Rent to be a^eed of feed by 
^dependent expert. 

Ml Opnon to renew far farther 7 years exrettsabte on not less ban 6 months' na*ce pnar to expraton 
d term. 

IQ. Taxadaa 

ill The Vectors hove been ochreed that. Vpineefately fallowing c o mpteso n of be Offer far Safe, be Company vwl 
reman a dose company wvhn be mooting of be Income and C o r po ration Taxes Aa 1970. 

<2) For oatxjnxng periods to 2nd February. 1 985 be Hand Reveue have canfrmed, m respea of be Company 
and ns aibadanes. bat they do ear propose to apply be shonfei ond appamaranen pro*sons ccnaned n SchedJe 
16 d be Fincmce Aa 1972. Note be Company nor any d c subsidiaries Has ye* appkd for shonfaii .3rd 
appomonment cfa ora me s *1 respea of be yere ended 1st February, 1986; be Company has been advised bar 
* a unBdy bre any tabby wi anse to be Company ar re subsdones m respea d shonfafl assessment far bar period. 

131 The Company has received clearance under Sec*on 464 of be Income ond Corporanon Taxes Aa 1 970 © 
respea d the nxaaaans irecived © or ieockng » te Offer far Sale- 

141 When paying 0 dnndend. be Conoony has to ten© to be inland Keverue on amai©i d advance amomon 
tax ("ACT"! at o rate wfadi a raised n be b ase rate of ©come rex and a cwrenrty twenrjwxne sevewytes of 
be dmdend pad. Accoratogly. be ACT relreed to a cfexiend axrerdy squab 29 per cent, d be swn of be cash 
ckwdend plus the AO. For shareholders resxfert © be UK. be ACT paid B avafabte as a tax oedr. whch nfelnl r 
shredrotes who ora so roadem may sre off agar® be* ratal rtome tax k*»«y or. © apprapnore cases, reciwm 
© cash. A UK resident corporate shoretidder wd nor be (able 10 UK corporation tax on any ctefen d received. 

Whete be hates of shares © be Company who we resrioni © aswimes ote ban be UK we anted ta 
o payment from the Injpnd Reverxie of a pro p omqn of be tax ctetS* © nssperj of tkwdends on such shrees dep ends 
© geared upon be provtsora of any tedtfe n* comtersort arogeernea whch exm berwswt Such tome and 
be UK. Persons who are not tesdert © the UK should const* ter own xw aavuers os to be possbfe oppfeabiry 
of sue** provaions. b 9 procedure fw daxmng payment ond whot raid or eredn may be domed n the srsdexon 
© whch bey ore reader* far such ton cab. 



", ^er. In Box“l Dn flgurtd *" 

I Appltcodons must be for 0 twrimum of 200 OmflncMy Shores *1 one of the foUowtog Multiples: 

far mwe man 200 strores. but <to* more bwi ) .000 shores. © rmbptes of 1 00 tees 

fa mreebret 1.000 shores, bw nw mere bon 10.000 shores. © mdsptes d 500tew^. ' ' ■ 

far rrore hwt 10.000 shores bui nre mwe bon 20.000 shrew. © nxAiptes of 1 .000 shores, 
far more ban 20.000 stees. but nre more ban 50.000 shares. © mufepfes d 5.000 teres > . 

fre more me© 50.000 teres. © "dsptes d 10,000 shares. - - v 

2 Insert In Bo* 2 tin figures) the amount of your cheque or bankers' drwffc. 

3 Sign and date the Application rortn in Boot 3. 

TtwAopkeote© fore> may be agned by someone dse on ygi* behdf fate/ or on bthrf re qny (pit* cpdctHjdl 
rf vjy outhonsed to do so bm be powreW of attorney mu9 be enefawd lar ©specW^Acexporoaon te*l sgn 

uite be horfa d o dufe citereed offxcd vtese representative capacity nxiM be greed. 

Insert your fuff name and address in BLOCK CAPITALS hi Box 4. 

c Yaw must pin a dn^e eherjue or bankers* drafHo your caaiptetBdAppftcartonfann.; Your 
5 cheque or bonkers* draft must be mode payable to “Barclays Bar* PLC^ fa; fte- OteM it 
paytMe on appBcatlon Inserted in Box 2 and should be crossed t*» Negottable - 
VMndsmoor PLC”. 

No mcey* wf be ssued for ths paynw*. whdi nwst be sddy fcr ba applconon .. . 

Your dmque or bankers' daft muM be drawn © stethng on on ocaM* a* o branch fvteh m® be © be Urried .- 
Kingdom, be Channel Isfamfc arthe isfeof Manl of a bonk wbch a etera member d me lotdanor Scretoh Qeang- ■ 
Un,M cm wfach has wronged for «s cheques ond bookers' drafts to be presented for p ayment mttxjg h he aeamg • 

fac*»esprovxJed far be members d bo« OeamgHcxaes end Wxdtnwd bear the apprapnatesorti^pocfBiuifaar' ; - 

© be top ngfe hand comer. 

Appteotnra may beoccnmpwred by o cheque drawn by someone cter ban be appfc:c©tb). any money? to. • 

berwutnedvrfbesenrbycrosseddwquenfcnw-ofbepersanWnawednflaxted + fandol. - 

A sepexa® cheque or bankers' draft ex® occorrocrty eoch appkajtx©. 

An oppkawn wl nc* be conadetad idtes these ccocfeons we WfSed. ■•• ' 

:(*■' ■ . 

^ You may apply fakrify with other persons. 

You mu® ben orange far be Appkcoson Fom x> be completed by or on behdf of eodt jcx* applied* (up 
10 a mawiun of three ote persons/. 7he«r fa* names and adiwsastedd be raerradn &OClCCAPfTAISjriBwt 

6. ’. . • • .V. *' 

jKr-v ; 

my Box 7 must bo signed by or ot behalf of each Joint appBcantlortter them the flat opp&Mnrsiho ^ 
/ should co mplete Box 4 and sifyi in Box 3). 

If anyone s sprig an behdf of ony pi* oppfcwds), be powedsl of cbomoy in® be enclosed far nspeaoiv * 

★ You must send the completed Application Form fay post, or deliver it by hand, tb Barclays 
Bank PIC New Issues Department. P.O. Box 123. Beotway House, 25 Forringdon Street. , ; 
London EC4A 4HD, so as tb be received not later than 10.00 am an Thursday 10th Jdy c 1986. 

If you pos yow Appkason Form, you ore reaxnnended to use fra doss post widdfaw w feast m days fordt&roy. 
PhattOtf aspres of Applcoson Forms wi na be accepted. • 

j ’ W : 

rr: 1 • j; ‘ 


The appicatton ktf wi Open W 10.00 am on Tfxjrsday, lObJdy. 1986 and wi dose as soon beredt® as Oose:' 
Mwtetrwi may descrwie- The boas on whch be apptcofions hove been accepted wlbe arorced * ; 

as soon os cnsdife after be oppfacrtn ts doses. It Is expected bo rencunceabfe letters d Acceptance wi be; • 
postedtosuccsssUapdcwtaonWedfiesdoy. 16bJdy, 1 986 and wS be ranounceabfe up to 22nd August;! 986. ■' 
Deokt^s <n be OrdnwyShwes are expecsed to commence on Thursday 17b July. 1986. - r~ _V 

Arrangemews hare been mode for t uy faw pttatt of al be Oidnory Shares now offered far safe. Tree of^iwapdjty- ' 
red regstronon fees, in be names of purchasers or persons n whose favour Letters of Aocepiona ore duly rarfamcEd ^ -'. L 
provded the*, n mren d rennocaon. Loners d Acceptance kUy completed © accordance w*h be r w h ualoni. - 
comcraed berenl ore lodged for regstranon on or be! ore 3.00 pm an 22nd August, 1986-Sbore.c®tbcQtes'wi T 
be despatched by fast dass pas) on ar before 18b Seprenber, 1986. -.i 

.*?»“■ *■ 
Her *" 

■ . 

& » . 

ftr;‘ - r ; 
-J,. **.« .1 

^ •• ' 


Copes d base Istng Pomcutars can be obtoned from ol dices of The Stock Exchange and ftttfhr 

9*^1 r ‘ 

20 Upper Grosveror Street. 
London WlX 9PB. 

Wndsnoor House. 
Lawrence Rood/ 
London N15 40*. 

Cr ; ■ 

Chase M o bonon Seanbes 
1 London WaS Bakings. 
London EC2M 5PT. 

Chase Monhaticn Setfarees 
Porfond House. 
72-73 Badnghai Sire®, 
londbn EC2V5DP. 

J.—-' ”-* : ’ 

fc- tja ' -.i t *' 


trr ft - 1 

Chase Monh ot on Secwrts 
Wadgate House. 
Cdeman Street. 
London EC2P 2HD. 

»!.. ■ 


fax'- c “' :■© • 

New Issues Department. 
Fteefwoy House. 

25 Fomngdon Street. 

■ London EC4A 4PO. 

: .Ar 

k ■ ■ ■ 

and from be falowng branches d Bordays Ba* PLC 

63 Cofeiore Row. 
B©reighomB3 2BY. 

40 Com Street. • 
Brsto) 8S99 7AL 

35 S. Andrew Square. 

Ecknbungh EH2 2AD. 

17 Yq* Smm. 
Ma n chester M60 2AN. 

!i; S . ,"v 

fetek ■ 

28-30 PtxWvow, 
Leeds LSI 1PA. 

)7)/)72 Hgb5trfl®. 
Scxthampton 509 7DW. 

4 Water Street, 
tiwspool L69 20N. 

OW Mate Square, 
Nottingham NG1 6ff. 

121 Queen Stre®. 
CarrWf Ol fSG. 

6 Oarence Sue®. 
KmpStorvon-ThonjBS K2) jw. 

90 St. Vincent See®. 
Glasgow G2 5UQ. 

! v.-.'r • • 


■Vrr- -T ■* - - . - v 
.^"tatss. . .. 




'feCtas - 




i&h? > 

■ — — ■ ..... J 

O ten awifeedikuu e rt u tftemy aw hiMWtfvWi 

Mi aptealanMy b* oix^XmI artOteMr Asb on teterau of. and wfatoct 

to. bk lh feg i fe r t l m i r ii . do»wt4*. Jrfy. 1*6. and teMwMnwdMMdArtSn 

toomcm ugoMr 
I. AcoaowcoNa. 

- ••• : 
fe : \A-vS‘ r - 

».*w Item fort taJhn doWd 4rh J<*y. IW6.«axl*oMowontei«iW® AMctw 
of Auodaloa ® *m Cowpany 

_ 2 

2. Smualocaod 


4 taMWMd 

4 4rt»V(XIWbl» 


5 Anomiounsd 

□ Pin here your ebeeme/ bankers' draft far the amount © Box 2 

FJ © te seetpn only when there a more bgn c©e oppfaont. The Ira or sole oppLcom teuld complete Box 4 wid son Bo» 3. kaat © Box 6 the ngires and addrenw. of bn ■Mi-*>nrl . , ' , , ,77 ■ 

eoch d whose srgnwures a tequred © Bo» 7. « :w>eai«rn apptcams, 

I Mr.. Mrs.. Mas, Ms. c* «fe 

Mr.. Mri., M-ss. Ms. w te 

Mr., Mrs.. Mas, Ms. w te 

i forenamek) 



iJL'UZ i A^JLC^> iVjiwixx^rvi d\jJL.l I OOO 

UlNiVl^lVJll 1 £>/ S->r\ *1 

of Bristol honours degrees 

^^*421 ’-n... 


... ,-. 


f K p.'i.. - . 

!*k«hfc -• . v 



' s>; 


*> :. 


* -_• <'...' 

atf'-'v- -... 

‘♦fWMCT.-.. • ... 
afc 1 * ai/»r - ,*• 


Bristol University has an- 
j»uj«d the folIowinTde^ 


1 »?«« 

. * PCTrtnan. . jm w^i m ^ uslD - CW 

* EA R 

r *** aTOto ® “*<££•* ««» m 
" ^ 7 ^ V ' ‘S^n.ton. 

, *■»■« HWwy «d i^ff- 

- 25* ,£ *** -Bateman. ahh -pbitv 
„ Cttw 2: Joanna AW**, Moms«C 

? Cb» tTSSSL”* *— 

: '»-**"«. w 

* ’ Ctuucai Stwaas 

• * 2“* fcJC Brown. SM cook. §a_ ia u 
■ SjwrkcL^ J ™ Wna - AC Marun. SM 

* ' ctmici 

* 8w Is PAM Thompson, ru yin 

: wjaB^arjS^p 

* OOinnw.' MS McDonaoh. . k 

2 ca “ * 1X1 Uwte - RJD Thornton. 

- • . • Dmn 

'♦ **■* Bannwter with sovctm 

ja *U& S® 4 ”- A P C5*u*«. 

J A coomb**, H C Couper. J w Crofts. 

_H H Davies - wiih 1 

j PrJrK 1 Oral French. 

owcs^ C OuMon - jwitn DMincuon 
»n Oral French. E S Parker, n a 

S?c2&* M J Ten,B,e - c H 

williams: 5 WooKcnden. 

D Leslie; P D Slew: A M Whatley. 
Ontaonr Mens S J Badham s Cox: 
•A F C&ert: S J Purser: > SlWev: D 

Computer Science with 

Oats |;SA Green: C D Rogers: M E 

Class 7 dMfan fc J M Baker: U 

gWincUpn In Oral German. S C M 

SJJxpwinction to oral Oermanfc^M 
P^je. J.E PWti C J Prooyn. d L 
rllfltl, A E RfM. A Q Russell. M 
"Ml P J Storey. HF Thomas.” 
Thlfd Cine K S BkMulph.. 

Pass: H T Haalam. 

* Row bottom" 

. Ctan S3 hj Sachs. 

. Drama #f »« | EngHth - - 

• g"*£«|* t KZ Cote*. SJ JbwelL C£ 

- HS'rLSJtSj “W ipwifc SA Norvm, 
, CM PemBrew, j Rouuedge. 

Ri*t Cbm M F-Lc Poldevtn. 

Second ctau Fine AeCD Alexander. 

rj ?ss^\sxsk A jf^». 

Srt?Wfl*t LS Jev^ 

ons. p a Joslin. j A lewln. 

ThH Owk J C Williams. 

Menem Langnas* 

S*"* Ow Fb *t dhR M Donoghue- 
Second Oan Second dte K 1 Edwanta. 
PtM e wM lW 

Olesen: K Paynp A J Reyrwto:TR 
SUemerUne: j S oelras: M P woatx. 
cuts J dMdan tVTAu:RfWon: 
D w BrookiK H F qwkf S DawM; c 
P Dutton: A J Eveowd: B MCraham: 
M Ham: A.tabal: S E Jackson: M H 
McManus: MQ j MacmUian: S N 
Patel: S R PUL P N Sen; J Sullivan: D 
F R Weir. 

TOM CUM Haws: T C Aw: D Johnson. 

CtaM~'l: R S Phonos: J C Piggott. 
Ct» 2 dMstgn fc H Bretl-Smun: S L 

s ^TasEwesejp ^ 

Whuaken. K While. 

Clus 2 dtvttkui n c A page: A P 
Fairchild; H M Cun (her: K R Swann. 
Ordhmy Detnws C C Perry- 


CMclM p arelL P M Hughes; J E 

Mi/01 ic: o Whitmore- 

n»M 2 aMsIon fc R J Abet B D G 

Barrington- P M SSJJPSm uViSnteiv 
Bedoycre; F C Curden: CM HeOduclr 
R G Hodwn: A P hUtawe C M Mnrrtfc S 
Norton: S C C PhulWs: R J Surry: T N 

Ctau 2 dMsMi% P OHamston: F C 
Jenkins: ftt W Oram; H M Pany. S H 
M Rogers. 


A M Auton: 81 H Enw DR Gale: 
M A A Carner- D S GSu: M P Hood. 
K m M or due: S J P»lon: P Ralph: R 
C Shaw. 

BSc in Soda? Sciences 
Soettl Sekmca M ieoaotdo and SeeU 

Firn ■*«= E D Davis _ 

Secowi^S Hm mo It p Corbett. E 
Rowden. H C Wilkinson 
Second mass Second dk.HHC 
Autenden. j E R Morgan. K M PoUut. 
J M Sheen. G N veevera 

voou; l-i Il_nu||pr - will. 

Med: M F Lynch: P L 
: Meynink; R F MiictwH: K 
Ui cr«m vei Stor. S R 

FM Cttss A J Cooper 

Second class First dtw M P Bpndgy. 


■ imuaan. R J r ~ 


Robins N c Robson 

A J Ralph. M 

^•ihlo- Mr ij, jj- 



uAesi-y- • •- 

it- ; •• 

»:«.■■» :r~.> .. 


.-i,. • • 

jyps'** ■-• - 
WJg ; i •• . • • 
r- • 

*M T*JCV t 45* 
*. • . 

&-&■>*- •- 

Second Ctass Heaum 
• EneSsti 

:■ g?4&;c& ^KAMSSX 

■ frsaf’iaS 

- 5J?^* *? r * NJ Barnard. SF Beswlck. 

JU Motile 

EngBsh and Phttmmhy 

- First Class: Aj Dlgby. 

- SMOod OMjFlmdJv: N Chudley. TJ 

- Craw. IF Cross. NC Page. 

Second etas, Sacoad Ohc L Adams. AJ 

Dawes. PA Furey. 



Thuaire. LEC Ward. JE Wiuiams. 
Socotdl dhc TR Cavatwr. LJ Cocker, j 
Hardwick. NA Hughes. KE McLean. 
KA McMarran. MA Robinson. TF 
. Rumsey. J Sh Inner. 

French aad Larks 

- Second Class First dhe RJ Jeffery. NP 

French and PMosoptar 
Fbsx Mass: s G Bragg. 

Second Mass First die C M Reger. 
Second dhe W M Den rust on - with 
DbUncUon in oral French. 

French and PoAUca 
Second Claes First dhe G M crowUier. 
D J Eades. K S Ferns - win 
Dtsuncuon in oral French. 

Second Cists Second dhn P Smllh. M A 
Solomon.. N C M Steven - wUh 
Distinction In Oral French. 

8Ew»d ■ Class Second dm L A 

Amu* mu 

FhBosaidqr and m arh cn aM cs 
First CIbeb A DewsM. D T Marsh. 
Second Class Second dhe F S Taylor. 
Pace J 8 Knowles. 

i , ;"— «« Ftm dcEP Hardy. N H 
Richards, s G EeUtck. S J Wiseman. 
Sacond Class Ssceod dhe c M Brown, 
s l Moore. 

First C taiK S J MBnrts. 
fsessM Class Ftru Oho PM Checkland. 
s B poweu - With DteUncUon m Oral 
Russian. D J C Harmon. J K UHulchL 
Seoood Chm Second dc N Baker. 

Second Out Fbst tflw s A Marsh. 

McDonald: M A 
Class 2 dhrtakM fc M 1 Aik-hin: M 
CDtwetL S J M FOraoru P E HdMsy: 


Pickard: p D ScotL d J Sexson: SLS 

Ms— 2 <Mtion 2s 

M D Anderson: R H Emwncw, R A 
Glinn: W H Newton: B C-PratL J R A 
Tayion J S Thomas: M J weedon: S 
H Worewtc*. 

Cbss * P Bilotto. 

Geology aod Zoology 

Class fc A ButterworUi. 

mass 2 dMMon fc R A Cottle; W M 

Darke: P M GUUand. 


mass fc C J Andrews J A Baker: M D 
ton pry: P J Jimack; D A MacCormlck: 
L kbihews: N R K Popafc C B 
Rodgers: D J Smith: D W B SomerseL 

_____ etas* Shhm dhe C H 
Alexdander. N J Ashton. A K Bose. G 
M Cooke. P A Ditoben. C W Errirtr 
P D Calling. 4 K Greenwood. P M 
Hetty er. B A Horton. M L Humphry*. 
SNA MotosaL A O Mullins. P H 
Rubens. C A W welkins. 1 D wuuams 
Pass: A 1 Butchcr 

Es ommdo and Acwwotta* 

Fhtt Class: P J Cannings. S E Fidler. A 
P Slockman 

Second Mass Rnt dhe S E Cann. G 
caprarL T C CrofL E A Davies. L J 
Donaldson. P N Hraeren. M 
umnohns. PJ Nebon. i_R Pain. T R 
V Parlor. L Paster. K J PuoUch. NH 
pope. M E Roberts. SET Root. D C E 
Slaughter. K J Watson 
Second mass Sacond dkn J D Back. S E 

Sooond mass Rut dhR S K Barnes. N 
Marsh. N E Rowland. C P Sandle. R £ 
Shearing, L J Tan. J E ToUlrvolon. a C 

SeSfrt CtoM Second dhR M C 
A Heame. R E Case. AMD Chairey. 
TB Clancy. W a coles, j P Herbert. 
MC Jones. R A Moses. D J E Paviour. 
J Rawllnum-Smith. J L Robinson. D J 
Sr hoc n. G K Watkins. 

TOkd masse N M Drury. E A S S 
Edwards. G M Peal. 

Theology anl PoHttcs 
Sacond- mass Saoood dhR M J T 


Third Ct as* Andrew Jea/Rson BUI. K 
P Markey 
Pass J P Lde 

Cuoa o^ m wHh stattsdn 
First Class: R Leemlng 
Sooond Mass Rnt dKRA Block. P G 
Bromley. R C Heyes. M P Taylor 
Sooond Class Socood Ac J F Derate. J 
A MHXia. D Riley 

E c ono mt c i and Eno no wl c History 
Second Mass First dhR J K Blades. L J 
Burgess. S M Fraser. J J Woodcock 
Second Clan Second dhe M P 
Densham. R H Fogetonan. A M Moore. 
R C H Reed. 

Saoaad Class Second dhe J Patterson. 

Anatomical science 
Oats Is D F Hewtru J S Morris. 
Clasa 2 dtWMon 1: S M Beaumont A J 
Codho: P CrackneU: R Farrington: M 
A Harris; M L Johnson: S P Kelly: L J 
1»: S v Pasktns: C J Plummer: A R. 




L Turner: S A 
2 OhrtMon fc JT 

First Class: S A Booih-Smlth. 

Second Class First dhn KP Beall - dtst 
in oral German. LJ CoUard. CM 
Evans- Jones. ES Goode. MF Gosling. 
SJH Kenny. EM Spearing. SM Thayer 
- with Distinction ui Oral German. CO 
Williams. CL wood. J Wood. 

Second Macs Sooond dhe CM McBride. 
GS Tool tea. JPS Williams - with 
Disunvtion In Oral German. 

German and Phdosogfay 
Second Gloss First dhe A M OXeary. 
Socood dhe H C Chapman. 

9 *** ■■ 


A‘ •. J-’ 

— — n* 1 

Second Ctan First dhe BS Gandy. A 
Ha lima - with Distinction in Oral 
German. JH James. AI Seaman - with 
Distinction In Oral German. OS 
weiland - with DtsUncttm In Oral 

Second dhe JP Grant. 


Second Cbcs First dhe E J M Spurrier. 
Socood Macs Saoood dhe A.. J 

Htapaolc Snidtes 

FtrsC CUM: A T Barro - with 
Distinction In Oral Spanish and in 
Oral Portuguese. J Heron - with 
DBllnction in Oral Spanish, 

Seoood mass. First dhe G C R Anderton 
- with Distinction In Oral Catalan. M- 

gan P nu^r?^iM D T E C gtf&X 

Sparmh and Oral Portuguese. V L 
Needham. R M SlMcWelon. K J 
South wood - wUh EhaOnctlon in Oral 

Second Ctau, Socood dhe M R J 
Ptumger. E L Shorten. F.M Twomey. 
TUra Quc T Le Herlsrier. 


Ffrrt Cbct: 4 H Cohen. J J Dyer. D C 


. Second Clan First dhe M W Alderton. 
P R Atiden. J P Barnard. CC Wksui. 
H R Clark. A J Cobbing. T El US. A E 
Eians. J C EXMegh. S iM TJbpanicV. J 
C H-Fitzsunons. M G Harcrts. C I 
Gruguib. M D Haler ow. N F Harnhy. 
M L Hams, M A Harnson. A M 
Hembrow. P W Hobbs. S Jordan. H J 
W Madgm. L M MitchefL S A Page. A 
K Read. P R Redman. M Simsbury. S 
B Scotue M P SparthaUfrown. A G 
Sol Ulus. A R O Steele. M A Stewart. R 
A Stocker. C C Thrino. d 
T ownsend. LBM Wace. F HWUfortL 
Second dhB A M AUeweil. P J Bamber. 

J R Ganty. J R GatwanL C A Jervis- R 
J Joyner. A H H Lyon. J S Maxwe-U. L 
R Morris. C M Smug HMD Stables. J 
O Warner. A J Wilson. 

Aegrotat dogma: E Y McEtvey. 

Social Htnny 

Socood CUM FWi dhe RM Brook- ■ 
vtSulman. CE Cook. P M Gralnge. K B 
Hansen. G R North. T R Read. R A 

Second dlv: R J Wlntour. 


Second Ctau First dhe JJ EMOtt. JC M 
Flack. K MCKeown. v J Pumfrey. 
TWrt Cbss D A Harry. 

Modem Language* 

First Class: EL - with 

Disunction hi OralGerman aad ln 
Oral Russian. R A ^at«. N J Ete - 
with, Distinction in oral R^ ya n. D R 
Gaiunn. C Raltt - with DtBttneLlon in 
Oral French. 


Brindley. M B Bylw. S J Byrne. A F 

CCks lx P G M Aldhouse: T J A 

mass 2 tffvfsion fc J M Board icy: N 
Chlarellh L a Co wen: D t Dknyeed: S 
P Holah: S C Howes: NJLe Good: K 
Mitchell: C P Mocfcndge: H C Morris: 
E N Mower: A Ptsula: C L Slone: K S 
Stow ell; d w VeiKh. ctasa 2 dtvtMoo fc 
A G J Burton: A M Clifford: S C Eaton 
Harl: T A HUbbard: J Hughes: H J 
Jones: S A MacGUL P V Newport: E A 

Class fc E A DalschefekL 
Ordinary Dognei s C Pox. 

Biology and Geography 

Ctau 1: L M Hayward: R M Lucas. 
CMS 2 dMMca 1: R J BulkKk: R Z 
ChappMl: S J HooUnsom S J MUlen 


Ctass fc 1 M Clark: N G Messer. R C 
Poole: J W Raff. 

Cam 2 dMsftw fc C aim us: E C 
BarnhroMu M A BlnnCfc S N Boone: A 
J Britt P R Clarice: NC OMeclougiu C 
Davies: F M Dtwranv C DtaUMU J C 
Fisk: R S Haworth: K Hendyi N J 
John: E M Leer'S A MaUejt A J 
O’Sullivan: A C Peterson: C T Price: J 
B RohU: S P Sands: D Stacey: R D Ste- 
VWK D BTUCkWell. ptmwm 2 dhdMMI fc 
J C Akfls: 

Beech: J4 J L 

Wavelk S P - 

Kerr: M p King: E 1 L uihertand: 1 J 
McAdattt; M S ■ Offonl: D M C 
.Richards; P'L Roach: C Stephenson: A 
M Stewart N J Tmerlngton. R P 
Brooks: G F Parker. 


Ctatt it e A Cooper. 

Cbsi 3: M 1 Famell: C S Roberts. 

Celhrfar Pathology 

E Barker. OH 

MacOonneJf; H J Martin: B M 
Matthews: I K Pargeter; J C RinselL 
CMS 2 dtMMcn fc J L Abbotts: R B Ben- 
nett: R L Davies: RCJ Dawson: R J 
Evans: J A GltoOS: R □ Gill; PWR G» 


Pearson: JEM Ronnouse; J C Smith: 
C A sudweu. 

Class fc M N Eauham: A K Holliman; 
G E Sands: H J Townsend: P G 
Wright: P Dunne. 

Orritmiy Dogma: P G Farley: A J Rive. 

Mathematics wHh Statistics 

Class 1 P J R Botharaley: J M 
Chllderslane: T J White. 

CMS 2 dhiMon 1: 1 A Beale: T A Dual: 
A Greenall: G B KnighL M A 
Rathbone: R P Waierman. 

CMs 7 dMston fc 1 DutMtale: S Crtog: R 
J HewitL j Howanh: D A Locke: L M 

Ctau fc D J Adsteson. 

Mathematics and Physics 

Oats 2 dhMoo lx G J GoodhU: M 


CMs 1 MUM fc C J N W Curtis; A A 
David: J 1 McClure. 



CMs 2 dhrtstan fc J C Burns: P R 
Butler; A F ChaUten S D Clarice: G R 
Dethrtdge: L CF Gower: CM Hearae: 
S P Lee: M J O'Connor: E G M Power. 
K T Sawyer: E A Williams. 

CMs 2 cHvUton fc J K Bayne: C A 
Christie: C A Evans: S L King: C S 
Lankesien F E Morton. 

I class Flits dhe j M Mania, wm 

Pailot. D J Perry. D J Stratton. C S 

Second Class Second dhe C R Buxton. 
N P Stone. ' 

E co no mto and Pawn 

c«,. = p 

Durden. G 1 Ftwt. I W Fribbance. CJP 
Goodwin. H R Herktats. A F de c 
Paynter. E M Reeves. M G Rowlands. 
R Taylor 

Scsood Clasa Second dhe D S Borsada. 
B J Owe*. M Harrop. N J Kelly. H M 
B Lowe. JBFF Nothomb. MAG 

Econardcx and Sodoiogy 
Second dass First dne R j Ewbank. J T 

First Ctae: S s'atBwT^L Barrcu. P D 
Cresswell. A J Herod. D J Martin 
Sacond class Fhst dhn c F Agar. R A 
Brill. N E Clark. H C Houll. A R 
LucKas. D J McCarthy. W J Mailed. J 
C B MilcnelL G A Hied. R M Tuck. T 
E Warrell 

Second Class Second dhe A H Baker. 
NB J BattiursL A R BiackweU. S 
Broadbridge. P A Crotl. M J Dows. S 
C Em mell. B J Flitter. N A Holmes. C 
F S Phelps. J W Sinkings. S Wright 
PWonwhy and Economics 
Second cion Fim dws K s Banks. A R 
Bennet. P K E Rodcr 

Phd BPH iRv and Politics 
sacond class First dtfc C G Hake. M G 
Herbert. P C Talbot 
Sacond CMa Sooond dhe C J Green. H 
J Keetan. J A Snodgrass 

Phdasopfcy and Psychology 
SacMid otau First dhe B a FrsuMy n- 
Stokcs. D A Stuklm 
Second Ctass Socood dhe S Ayres. JM 

Aukland: N F BrocKom: S_ E 1 A 
Carter- C J Ctaydon; RAM Evans: J 
A C Cillmo: A A Hodges: C D Hooper: 

0 M Hosegood: MJ_Hun» - wth 

credit Vel '■ 

Malby; SC. 

Neal - with _ 

Oppprman: A N Patrick; J R 
Phiiiipwn - with rredll v« Med: A R 
Pining. A M Pinches: c A Reay: K A 
Stonnwn. C R Styles. S A Taylor R F 
Thom*; s C Tongue: J J Tristram: S 

BDS (Section II) 

p»fc P R Karuer: M Sultan. 

MB. ChB 

VMhi Honours: N Coleman - with 
dhllnrtlon In Pstuu J D Collier - with 
disilnriion in Path: H A Davies - w|tn 
did met ions Soy. Chid Hith. MnU hiui 
and Cmmnty Med: h' J Martel - with 
distinction Mnll Hllh: D M PWin - 
with distinction Mod HRlu H Richards 
- with distinction say: S F Slancy - 
with distinctions Ctud HlUi. cmmnty 
Med and Path: C S Stokes - with 
dKUndlon Chid Hllh: J L Wells - with 
disunions Med. Otosn & com. MnU 
Hllh. Cmiruiiy Med and in Path, 
Put T J Aldwtndde: C E Aston: p J 
Aierv; N A Bailhache: N H Barlow: E 
C Barnett: J a Barry- Braunthal: H W 
Barton: S L Bonds P SJBroadley: M-C 
C Bromage: £ P Bunting: S J Oaden 
M V Cameron - with dttUnctlon 
P J Campbell: L B Cartttk.. . 
Chapman: a Cnanertee: S A Chfaaell: 
C E Clark: C M Cooper: I C Currie: G 
R Dalian: K Dixon: J R Doore - with 
distinction chid Hlth: S M Downes: H 
F EUoivay: S F Farmer; R H Fearnley: 
S M Feasu C S Fovargue: H J Fox: SB 
Fox: N p Goyder; K S Gully - with 
distinction In MnU Hlth; S M Gurney: 
P R Guy: E J Hermaszeweka: R A 
Hermaszewskl: S Hop wood: M A 
Houghton: j R Hughes - -with 
distinction in Obsi * Gyre T P 
Hughes; M F G Hulbert; SJ Hunt A 
J Huison: S A James: V ' 

Jewell: E J Johnson: C 

Jones: K M Kerr: G Keseell - with 
distinction m Cmmnty Med: E 
Khabaza: L H Kina: S J King: JNP 
Kirkpatrick.- R Q Laurence; OLlntarO: 
A L Lowe: F F Mackley: R Manlmr: N 
J Mansell: M J McDowell: S Meehan: 
S J Mien: P E Monk: I J Murphy: P C 
Noakes: JS Noma: R l Orme: SPairi: 
L M W Pfckerefl: C E Pinches; S M 
Pocprii: A E Oulne: S J Rapen A E M 
Richards - with distinction MnU Hlth: 
HE Roberts: N 1 RnherLs: j L Rowe: C 
J Shad boll: R A Shirley: C A Short: D 

1 Sinclair j a Steer M P Smiih: j E 
Smithson - wllh distinction Otnt & 
Gyn; A Solan: C J Spencer Jones: j M 
Stewart: A Sutton - with distinchon 
Cmmnly Med: S Tan: C R Taylor: M 
Telmory: E J Thomas J E R 
Thonu&son: C L Thompson: J H 
Vickers J J Vodden: H K Watford: R 
S Walmstey: R j Waters CRT 
Williams: C J Wright. 


Cfau fc R P BumetL M D Ford. 
Cbss H dh tUdo n bX F Anthony: Z J 
Ashcroft; Z Baratfiam: S D J BhUow: 
R Bneedon: C A Croeslcy: G R 
Crossman; C A Crow: C D W Davis: R 
S j Gibbon: K I Gob: D A Gomieb: 
Jrewal: A N Halt C M Hanley: 

tome: YKR Shek: R j Simpson: S 
auqhan: J T Tan: T I G Thomas: S 
urland; E Whewell: K L Williams. 

ClBM fc K E Barker. D H Chantry: E A 

Cbss 2 UMsfod f: J NSfcm R A 
CoooerA CKJUiey: A HS -Peach: A J 
K Plotnswlcz; 1 L O Pontmg. 

Class 2 tttvMoti fc S D Agarwal: C L 

Chemical Physics 

dm 1: M V NarianL- D H Powett R J 
Rule; F W Saunders K N Snmner. 
Cbss z dtetstan rxRP Hartless: C R 
Powell: S J Timms; R L Treloar. 
Cbss 2 dhrtsnn fc w R Covta: M 
Furziand: C A Grundy: S C Richards. 
Ctass fc I Alexander S R Belton. 


Cbss U J M Allen: S RHu; N R 
Bird: S Calvert: JL 0X0: A J 
Edwards: J L Gibson: M D u 
GonxBlesj R W Hodgetu: J HuiLhfcon: 
PAKale: F S McDonald: C J MlichetL 
j R Nightingale: M L Turner A G 
Wehh; M J winler G Woodward. 
Ctass 2 division T: S C Aden; M J 

ems fc A M CSdlds: E J Fletcher: C F 
New land: H M Webster. 

Cbss 2 div is ion URM Cunningham: S 

FoiSerSjf CBdJmiKS^MSiwrk: C 
O'Brien: S E Sldorowtcz: L E 1 waller 
S J Waller. 

Cbss 2 dMatcn fc R L Granl-SmUh: N 
D Hargreaves. 

¥*»S l.-JM Baytey. R J A Beynon; C: 
J Blomficld: K BucMngham: S J 
Callister: S E Coe: D F Farrar DTE 
Fergus: I A Hill: S P Jadhav: D Kearle: 
S McMorran: R C Murray^ a O Parry; 
N M Skfwell: D K Stewart; R A 
Slade: D P Smith: t A Smith: L Taylor 
A R Vest H 41 Wallace; N C Wood. 
Cbss 2 dhristoa is R P J Allen: R 
Beasley.- M A Benson: O J Boucftler: S 
P W Buvrt: W W BrandL J R 
r.DJ Browne: N A Claessen: 
Ciaric r j crook: J l Davies: J 
CL A D Green; P ft Hand: D J 

... t: D M HoUis: S Jenkins: N M 

JennetL W S King: R A Knott: M E 
Knowles: F M Lomas: C L Maiten: a e 
M ooney: J J Morcom: K J Overall; A 
G- Porter L C Pratt: R G Sachar M f 
Siddeeq: A SlnhK A 'nirabuU: C J 
walden: J L A Williams: J R Wflsorc 
N T Wood- 

Class 2 efivtskm fc J J Burnett; I a 
ButterflekL L Cowey: J H De Pledge; 
MSP Dow; j V Foord: A Glaum: M R 
Jackson: R Khan: J W Lewis: R M 
Lockwood: a J Meek: T j Neaves J p 
PteanuSW Preece: J F Pulestore D W 
Roberts; P D Thompson: R. J J 
Thompson- G D Trexnalre C P Waddy : 
A H Walden: G SI J Yardley. 

Ctau fc SA Beik C J Derruirtprei Elli- 
son: G D Fletcher C P D Gee: R 
Rosser. S M Whitaker J P Wolfe. 
Od ta iiy Degree: M G Clayton. 

Physics and Philosophy 

Class 2 dMskm 1: S J Gores: R P 
Jones: T W usoome. 

Cbss 2 dwaon fc S A Buraess: T K 
Norman: D Pearson; M C Pike. 

Cbss 2 dMsIcn fc C J A Deere D L 
Monks: C D Scott; K A Sharpe: RAP 
Skyntw^fones: P T WWshaw. 

Coates: P J CrrekKP AJDei ontsJL RC 

Dod: N T DrafcesmlUi. G M 

Earmhaw: N J GrtsL R C Harri s: P D 
Hooker K M Johnson: D N IM Jq 0 ^ 
D G Lawrence: A J Lekjh: A C 
Loynes: M C M Maoeaelwn: G F 
Maibm « g Morris. DA VMortore A 
Nixon: L E Orr N M Pencil. H E 
Rooers: J A C Smart: C Tanwy: AT L 
T%aS.- M D VU1K p R watsore S M 

Ctass 2 dMsbn fc S A Banwd: F A 
BUby: J Darlteon: A J Dayte HM 
Duckworth: C F Edser B K C3<n er H 
S Hawes: J v Hoi tens. A R LJen-'ObK 

am 2 

It R SBuckc: D P 

Buraner A M 8 Oirrte: T P Dibben: R 
E Eaton: WJE Gray: J A Lindsay; S- J 
Macaubv: K J Mills: M K Mltchewui: 
S M Ruiter. P M Taylor S Tucker A 
M Wilson. 

Cbss 2 division fc w G Burn; j M 
Gilbert: C M Grainger: N J D Ives: S C 
Meuran; J P O'Sullivan: H K 
Patterson; E S Paul; S C Plgotti V J 

Cbss fc J D T Parnahy. 

Psychology and Zoology 
Cbss 2 bfim fc C R M Brook: F D 
Mllllcan: C W Norman. 

Cbss 2 dMsbn fc A A Appleby: s J 

Sacana dm Rm dhe G G Bartow. S 
Bond. T K Crick. E R Davies. D C H 
Jones. C Lawrence-WUson. J E Neale. 
C I Oliver. J B Preston. G Taylor, T 

Second Cbss Second dhr D M Burneti- 
Godlree E K Dickinson. R J B H 
Hams. C A Heaven. J R Knowles, w 
J MKJUethwalt. S J Milne. S M 

poBUds and soctciogy 

Second ctau First dhe a J Raca 
First Cb s s s L A Henry 
Second cbss First dhe G K All ken. D 
Blackmore. S I Cook. P Coombs, j 
Darlington. S J Langford. J E McNeil. 
H B Openshaw. A Perrin. H J Reed. M 

Second Ctass Second dhe JAW Sevan. 
J P CoweU. C-A p Dayton. S J 
Downing. A M Forties. C M Jones. D J 
PudtUford. R Shoben. J B Sutton 
TOM Cbss: JJG Barr. A K Morgan. 
D L Wood 

Soctal AdahSttmlMi 
Second cuss First dr. J A Beavtngton. 
A ColquhouJi. F M Cmmniay. E J 
Frew, Y M watts. L A Wootion 
Second Ctass Sooond dhe T J H Cooke. 
C M GUdersieeve. S J. Holtey. F S 
Jones. K M Lcyahon. J J Martin, j 

Soobl A ikn ki lsuattu w and PodOcs 
Sacond obss First dhe J C Houghton 
Soaaad Ctass Socood dhe C J Sherrard 
Social AdmUstradoa and Psyohoiogy 
Second Class Socood dhe M E Gannon. 
T M W McDonald. A K S SU. A E 
Watson. S A West 
Social AdmMstmiiM and So ci ology 
First Clasts L M Votkk 
Second class First dhr M A . Nunekpeku. 
K L Rowborough. K E Sawyer 
Sacond Clan second dhxK YKKn 

Second dm FI rat dhe N JMww. E 
Gordon. C P Northway.' R J Tyler 
Sooond Ctau Second <*k S C Btattoo. J 
M Buchanan. J P Chapman., j S 
hop kins. V A Northern. S CSmlther. L 
J Siack-Dunne. P Travadl 
Third Cbsst A L Schotey 

Sociology 8M PNtosophy 
.First Cbsss s G L Needham 
Soaaad dm First dhr A V Haworth 
Second Class Second (Met M B w 

socMogy and Psychology 
Sacond dm First dhe T H De Teissier 

Sooond am Sooond dhe S C On- 


WUh Honours 6 M Adam - with 
credits Vet Med. Vet pwc Hlth and vet 
Sqy; J M Evans - with audits Vel 
Med and Vet Soy: A G Harrison - 
with credit Vet Med: C M Riggs - with 
credits Vet Med. Vet Pblc Hrfhand Vet 

S &-; A Robhison - with credits Vel 
ed and Vet Pblc Hlth: F C Steele - 
with credits vet Med and vet Sgy- 
PMC e S Atetewood - with credit vet 
Med: P M Atteoburrow-. c J D 

Harris; J C Hicks: A D nine: S L 
Holmes: D C Jones: S C Jonnv. P B 
Knox; J Law: D W Lord: P D 
Meadows: L S Nicholas: R M 
Pltchford: C A Robins: C J Robinson: 
D J Robinson: J J Salkrld: P F 
Sandler: D J O Schaffer: J E 
SeUiupallty: K L Smith: P M Smith: N 
J Srenhouse: S D Teale: P S Thomas: 
T-C Wan: W R Weiss: R E Whittaker: 
O M Wlishaw: d M Wilson: E J 
Woodman: D J WnghL A Y M Yin: 
Cbss 11 dhricton fc E S AbuaeM: K S 
Aczel: D o Aktntade: R D Allen: N J 
Angel: Juc Ashbridge: S H Austin: S 
Banch: T d Barton: A M Bowden: J R 
Bromely-ChaUenon I C Clarke: A P 
Copley: J p Dale: J C P Davies: G W 
Fryers: M C Furberfc I R Gordon: A G 
Git-oo; P C Grey: J D Kathnley: J T 
Heaton: R J Hind: C L Huggetf: S M 
Hutchinson: O A Ige; P L M John: H R 
Jones: A P Kaizen: A E Kermlsm: P A 
Kemlck: P R KMner: M C Killas: N A 
Larretk C E Lastra: H-F Lo:JD Lowe: 
N S McAlister C A McCreary; M C 
Mach'mzie; R C Males: S A Merchant: 
J A Middieweek: T K Moores: A W 
Morris: R K Myles: T W Northrop: A 
O Omoloso: G Powell; C A ProuL -A 
Rakshti: T a Rhodes: S J Richards: J 
A Rome: Y K R 
J Tur] 

Ctass Ilk S J H Hopkins: C M Hoskins: 
P d Mean. 


am II dhdxten 1: S Y C Chan: M 
Chtiekwa; S-W S Hupji: t D Kunene: 
H C Nsemiwe: W F S Pong: Z M 
Sakai run. 

Ctass H dtetertn fc Y Y A Lee: K 
Nlkolaou-Stalkos-. B K Nkambule: R M 
Mxamakr. K Pule. Razali Mn Awang 
Piut: I S Touray: V Wong. 

Class nts JS Riley. 

Pass: R W Dan taro. 

Aeronautical [Sgli wring 
Cbss I: J M M Place: R I Smith. 
Cbss II dMsbn 1 :STJ Barrow; N T 
Bradshaw: M J Brennan: T R Carl; M 
Kopmels; J G Lavery: S E B Lawson: 
P d Marshall: M W Mead; M J puree: 
A J C Pondon; O D V Richards; P T 
Saunders: R J Williams. 

Cbss n dhrtstan fc R D Andrews: D J 
Bennett; A J BrighUey: K Mart: R B 
Mu&iarde: M Nanra: A P Ntchoos; R c 
Noble: S A Smith: APR Stewart, 
cuss lit D A Eastwood: V Pengdly. 
Civil Engi n eering 

Cbss fc E J Grooves: J J B Unehatn: M 

Ctass D dtvUton. 1: D M Albara: S W 


J A. A Downs; C J Durham: L 
Edden: 6 J Fartey: AS Giles: A P 
Grieg: N J HowletL M R HUtband: S D 
Parsons: A Purdie: A Quarrier: C 
Recordon: J R M Simpson; JR THWy: 
N P Whltungham; A WUUK T L wood. 
Cbss II dMstan fc w w-K Chare H 1 
Herbert: w Hodge: R Hong: E J 
Morey; TS. 

Ralkes: S J 
Ctass Ht J M Lupsore A J Marun: N J 
D Mimgan. 

Pass: B C Teh: K F Tse- 
Etactrtaol and etacttoata Eastmering 
Ctass fc P Barnes-. P B Kenington: C J 
Seuev: M R Watkins. 

Ctau n dlvMon is L R Barber: A J 
Banimfoo Brxi wn. A P Belcttt it W R 
Bird: C J Bocktna: R A Dawe: M 
■ iwood: C S WHW; C M Hopper: 
.. O'Connor. D N J. Palmer; I w 
Parsons: A Shaw: MJC Shaw: R D 
Simper: m G Stone: S J Talnton. 
Ctau n dhRSton fc a r Dtckins: M K 
Ravelb: J R Fittore R J Furolss: M R 
A M Haydon: A C L Jones: F 
~ t JLugg: j R Stocks: D J 

usu u nivisMRi bum a » 
Barr: J B Belth: M W Booth: A 
Bradshaw: W A Churchward; J M 
Cobb: J A A DOvmx C J Durham; , 

rN52Ej?p£Sr. E AiJ 

J P Ray: R O w Warns. 

Lowry. A P 

Ctau Hb N Burtdngham: D J 
Bulll more: M M Grazebrook: S 4 

Pass! C M Pelhram. 

Cbss fc P Crocker: D J C Harrison. 
Cbss If dMdon H A f Bartley: J C A 
Deacon: A J L Harrison; J Jamil: C E 
Jones; R F Noruuhore: A M G 
Phillips: j j Seward: R T WldcUcombe. 
Ctass n dMstan fc J K tenweU: D 
ChemlnanL R P Cowles; J F Cox: D C 
FuKord: S J HayeK M C B HOlman: N 
C Lee: K Malone: F G M Ra utter; p j 

Ctau 11b C M Fifties: j D M Walker. 
Pass: R D Irvine: D L Kroner. 

Engineering Mattamtfcs 
Ctass fc S A B Johns. » 

Ctau II division t: d a Casate: C m 
G reen: OCR Hill: P J Mackereth: A 
MatLhewman: HAW sues. 

Out I) dMstan fc D M Coaker: P C 
Fames: J R W Everill: P Humphries: 
G P Lester: K M Lynch; J R Seabury. 
Cbss life M P Evertfc p v TMdy. 

Pa St C AK Khlara. 

Cambridge Tripos: philosophy, classics and history 


• The following Tripos exarai na- 
tion results have been issued by 

: Cambridge University (■ de- 
> notes distinction). 

' ‘ Philosophy Tripos Part IB 

* i; p N Haggard: J W Mafia. A P 

Su 2 dMr lM U : 

. Atkins: H J B smith: M G M Thomas: 
S J Ward 

Cbss 2 taviflOB * HBG Barker D J 

a= 2 EF^L!? fVJSia&etJFk i 

CMcc^k MAR Causton: M Clark. 
Declared 10 have deserved Honoure: P 
' N Moss. * 

Classical Tripos Part 2 
; CM l: T M S A 


McDonald;, SV^Smon: H K 

,. CtssiiHis: HR .WKSat SC Jarvis; 
Hearn; A J Htafi 1 ) 5gy a M Manzte. 


k -^'c H 

kTiemte: B EKIdd: M JlKirey: B S 

Lewis: P J iNrts M J A LUrfiff: |F 
MacCallum: A S ManrouAR Martin, 
c R Mason: S J, McCum: A K 
McKenzie: A j McNamec J J M recalfc 
P S Montgomery: S C Moore. N 
Moartuune: v J N R 

Mavsovlc: M A Murray: C H 

Newman: w Q Noel: J M P 
D'Gorman; S F Parker: 

Eton and Pet L A Akter. Abbey S. 
Reading and Fitzw; L R Alexandar. 
wSwSwer Mire GS anil Newn: C 
V Andrew. Hitts Rd SPC. 
and Sid: C 

Kills Rd SPC. Cambridge 
D C Arinstron^pottora 

Royal S. Fermanagh and 
Ashworth. Hint Eflw 

. . .. A M 

ward VI SFC and 

C P 

Tilton: L . 

- USfti imttiVil 

• D Mason; T M J 

. ^SSe Medal r5 nof awarded. 

» Historical Tripos Part 1 

Barron; A G M Cha s N 

. cremartw: curihteii: P H 

Dtggtnv A P EP 3 C j—..\jcu Hamilton - 

* ^T' l M r?Sr J D Hart. N L 

- : Slr’j'FEKirtS^P:? 

^ L^MJitenA E Nether 

, Parker: R M SNn- J , , T? lrw . r «> 
. Otal MMB« T 5"gsr* R H 
Boqiullo R D g Mckfl 1 * S 

- SffW 

n u Fappin:" E G ThomDson: E J 
Trine: C D B Walked K A Walsh: S 

Wilkinson: S C Wilson: PM L woo a. 
V L A Wood. 

2 dtatskm fc s F EAWMXK R M 


Bolton: BJF BjontaKK V SurL R M 

ew- v S m 

Foreman: G S Gesteinw: D 

A GreereS N HNkWjS 

j^Lean?'" MPU&- M^K^Lynden- 
nirS'y MtafcVP Marsh: J M 


2 Ki:JC Spetch: H A WacJ. 
5 Si TarSior: E DTraOvt . 1 P TtniMpn. 

otfLTMl: R X M.T 

V liter-, s D L WUMam»reJRMZagnT 
Cuss tJR Baker: E MR < A 

fSSik: K Fryd« R B Maydm. b 

M Kelly: SFC Muttholtaoa. S 

E Thomas. . _ 

Histwical Tripos Part - 

and Cal- A S5Jlg3jor Wesmdnstef 

Wheetwri^ C. g ^ 



Bowman. Benenden S and New HU R 
A Bradbury- Woodlands Corop S. 
Alieuree ai* Rob: SM Brickies. The 
wiuilns. Bottom and Emma: R A 

crpSy Jjuntkni: 

Fitzw: J B CaktweU. a Ambrose C. 


Downside S andTrln: A J C onroy, 
cuiheroe Boys RCS and Emma: A J M 
Cooke. HHcfttn Boys S and Trtn: w A 
Cooper. St . Bartholomew's S. 
Newbury and Jes: C J Oopo. Sudbury 
Lipper S a nd F law; T M Corum. 
tranuteMt SFC ad Dow jp A 
Craven, todley C and joft: G R 
CnHSlev. Plume S. Malden and Cb: G 
Cuisnaw. Oundie S and Trtn: M 

— Croydon 


and Tempta SecSl gwSw awTRa^: 
L* s Du Pre. St Anselm's C. 
Birkenhead an d_ Pet; H C Evans, 

rone J P Fox. FramHiwham C ana 
Pet: P S A Freeman. Solihull SFC and 
Christ's: A N Gabon. Hab — — *■ — 

CtaS* 2 dNttiM < - 

%*££& sSntT®*" J c 


SSd^SeT^' k D_M_W^iWworth: 

Sc S. OrtM a nd P emtr L Hanley. 
Oueen EBzabeth SPC. Darlington and 
K G Henderson. B*in^_s aod 
C«ys: M P. BgtaMe.OS and 

Sriw: J E Hinder. The Croc. Swindon 
Wd Qu; S R HOimd. W«tnUn«w 
Tutors Ltd and Qo: M c hoIl 

s A Jftffe- Besfsst Royal Acad and 
join s janands. Nottphara HS and 

«M£ > oSB£jl 6 v 


S Lawrence, tong 

Hdhara and Stlw- j 
a C and Gak P C- 

R^jT HtUimd 

Lf^^A^iri^ana joh: N M D 
1 tevrre Godoiomn and Latymer Sand 

TTHTr Lupinn. Wl»awMO« S. 

SaAchMter Mp cans jJiggampn- 

worth &. crawiey and j Trtn; P N 
S. CCS. London and carton: PJ 
mS. Beal HS. nton I aad Rota C W 
Saareru Magdalen C S Brackin' and 

corn; M J Masurh. Ur»v of Caitfbmia 
and Jes PCD Matanle. Eastbourne C 
and Joh: D P A Mattlnson. Oundie S 
and Trtn: A E McBeare Gravesend 
Girts S and Chur: K E McCarthy. 
Gumiey House Convent GS. Isieworth 
and Chun R I j Mctndoe. KCS- 
wimbledon ana Pemto; G P 
Meddehon. Ashford C and Perob; M P 
Mery mu ChriaTs Heat* S. Horaham 
and Sid: G A> Miller. Camden Girts S 
and New H: G C R Miner. Haberdash- 
ers Aske-s Boys S. Ebtree and Trire D 
J Moore. St Mary Redd life and 
Temple Sec S. Bristol and Trtn: S L 
Morris. Bedford Oris HS and Emma: 
J J Morrison. KGS. Wimbledon and 
da: F M L Naylor. Si Manes 
ConvenL Cambridge and Qu: S 
Neville. Han Bank S. Barnsley and 
Barnsley .SFC and Rob: S S NoHe. 
Highbury Tech C. Portsmouth and 
Wolfs: J M O'Brien. “ ' ' — 

sw: N O'Fiaitarty. o._. 

s. London and Carton: T H Oliver. 
Taunton S and Joh: C S L oiver. 
Marlborough C and Maod: G E Page. 
Wanstead HS and Mago: , A L Paton. 
Edin Acad and Rob: S M Peters. 
Cambs C of Art and Tech and Wovk j 
R Phillips. Radley C and Out M D 
Pierce. Worthliw SFC and Jes: AMT 1 
PMhkPiL Kmg Afward V] S. Norwich 
and Corp: ADM Pomson. 
Habenlashers' Ante's Boys S. Etstrec 
and Christ's: E J Potter. J AHpiTs GUIs 
S. London and Newn: D H Price. 
Oakham S and Jes: J H Pndmore. 
Leeds GS and Emma: j H Rand. 
* ‘ C S. Oxford and Christ’s; I 

Brier! on Comp S. Hartlepool 

and SM: J M Reeve Lancing C ana 
Davies's. London and Pel; K D 
Reynolds. Tavbtock S and Tr H: K M 
Robinson. Newcastle under Linrne 
Girls s and Newn: M J Rogers. KCS . 
Wimbledon and Selw: J A Ross. 
Stamford S_and Gtrtore D W 
Rousewel]. Sianground S. Peter - 
borough and Cat C M Russell. Prices 
SFC raretiam andCorp: H M Rye. 
Tonbridge Gtrts GS and CaL S M 
Swlnn. ColusnMa Unh-USA and Cte 
A D ScotL Kteu Edward VI. Morpeth 
and Rob: J L Sefiey^Coloma opmern 
GS. Croydon and Qu: C R Sotker. 
vamjean SPC. Brian ion and Cadi: P 
M Seth. Dulwich C and TrUv. H A 
Boys S and Seiw; 
FC and Ti* H: I A 

R D smith. Skinners Company^ S and 
CaUi: T J Smith. St BarthoUMnew's S. 
Newbury and Flaw. D M Spade. 
Harrow S and Pemb: CSL Stevens. 
Hill C. Southampton and Welts 
Cathedral S and Cain: T J Sugrue. 
Columbia UnN USA and Ung€ A 
Suthertand. Robert Gordons C. Aber- 
deen and Down: J O Taylor, 
Haberdashers Artec's Boys S. Qiinj 
and Cam: J R Thai ion. Aylesbury GS 
and Magd; J R Thornton, Meihowst C. 

. Beuast and Cath: J H Ttwrme. 
win ettesur C and Qu; N S Tuns. 

Bfyth Jex S. Norwich and Lucy & J A 
Watson. Richmond S and Fitzw: E B 
Weightman. British S of Bruswts and 
Newn: N Weinstock. Habredashero 
As-ke's Girts S. Osirw and Cal: J D 
Welts. St Bartholomews S. Newbury 
and TT H; N T C Wells. AmWeforth C 
and Trin: M Whiting. Stowmarket HS 
and Church: CMS Wighl. Fetus C 
and Trtn: S F E Willis. West cliff Girts 
HS and Christ’s: A j Young. Daniel 
Stewarts and Mehdlte C. Edtnburgh 
and Pemb. 

.Ctass 2 dhrtstan 2r A A BE Akpabio. 
Westminster S and Gtrion: A 
Allerhand. Hastings C of re and 
Cambridge C of Arts and Tech and 
Lucy C;AL Armstrong. Mount S. 
London and Newn: S M Back. S of si 
Helen and St Katharine. AMndon and 
Emma: K O Beroen. SI Andrew's Tut 
Centre. Cambridge and. Newn: J D 
Bran. Stockoort GS and Emma: SJ 
BurkUi. Goole GS and Rob; M K N W 
Calo. Hatieybury C .and Maod: L 
Davies. Llandovery C. Dyfed and 
Newn; R J Davies. Cambridge Semi- 
nars and Rob: K L J Dlgnton. st 
Chrisioptier. Leichwonh and Marnier 
Penman Woodward. .London and 
Newn; H R H The Prince Edward. 
Gortionsiocm and Jes; P W EWndge 
Lancaster RGS and Down: A J 

Y G Goet. Anglo-Chliiese J un C 
Singapore and Jes: C Goodwin. 
Whttwi S. Croydon and Oa: B S 
Hales. Vanderbilt Univ and Pemb: P A 
Harper. Denes HS. Lowestoft and 
~ n M S Howard -Crindrod. wolver- 

.enun M 

— Jton PMy and Jes N j Hughes. 
Ipswich s and Pel: L S Humphreys. 
Laughton Go HS and Westminster 
Tutors and New H: I C Humphries, 
□(home HS. London and Trtn: J E 
judson. SI Bartholomew’s . c. 

Law. Oorsham S and Joh: R D H 
Llewellyn. Haberdashers Ashe’s. 
Etstree and Joh: J S_Lov«L Hab- 
erdashers ASke's Girts S. Eictree and 
Joh: C P Lowe. Darwen Vale HS and 
da: S Mack Smllh. Charterhouse and 
,h:k C L Maddox. Perse GUIs S. 
Cambridge and Selw: C J Maguire. 
Vlcloria C, Belfort and Refer. L K 
Markham. Hope HS and Pendleton C. 
Salford and Rob: I? C Palmer. King's 
S. Canterbury and Down: K A 
Puddephan. Dr Chailoner'B Boys CS 
and Coro: L A, Read. Loughborough 
Univ and Wolfs: s T Royre. 
Combenon village C. Cambridge and 
Nether nail S. Cambridge and Roto: L E 

kin. Abingdon S and Magd: J RC 
. ..omion. Newcastle upon Tyne RGS 
and Pel; T W Ulmer. Stanford Univ 
and Qu; A 4 Upward. Amptefcrth C 
and Gaih: RED Watson. Beverley 
Girls HS and Jes: P, J , Wharton. 
FtncfUeir Cwti HS, and Wolfs: S E 

Camera? s and New H: MR Tudor. 
Uandmery C and Fltew: J F T Tassa, 
aty of London S and Cal: L D Vacher. 
Haberdashers AskeY Girls S. Entree, 
and Down-. M S Walsh. Wimbledon C 
and Pet: B A wapttngfon. Range HS. 
Fonuby and cirtore J R Worncs. 

- r—V — — — — - 

Class 3: B Dlscombe. 

Aylesbury GS 

i. YeovU Cand 

Lord- Shrewsbury Sand 

Maod: j S Pew. Stanford Utfv and 

and Pemb: L C Hufeon. 

European Law Report 


Commission has duty to 
protect secrets 

AKZO Cbemie BV and 
AiCZO Cheraie UK Ltd v 
Commission. Engineering and 
Chemical Supplies (Epsom £ 
Gloucester) Ltd interrening . 
Case 53/85 

Before Judge U- Everting. Presj- 
dem of the Fifth Chamber, and 
Judges R- Joliet, O. Due. Y. 
Galmot and C N. Kakouris 
Advocate General C. O. Lena 
(Opinion given January 22, 

[Judgment given June 24] 

To its condnct of investiga- 
tions into alleged infringements 
of Community competition law 
the Commission was required to 
have a regard to the legitimate 
interest of undertakings that 
their business secrets should not 
be disclosed. 

The applicants were part of 
the AKZO group which was the 
Community's largest supplier of 
benzoyl peroxide, a chemical 
product used both for the manu- 
facture of plastics and as a 
whitening agent for flour. Thai 
product was also produced by 
the intervener (ECS), a small 
Gloucestershire company. 

AKZO was alleged to have 
threatened to exclude ECS from 
the market for flour additives, 
by means of a policy of 
aborrnalJy low prices, if the 
latter were to extend its activ- 
ities to the market for organic 
peroxides for the plastics 

ECS claimed that. AKZO had 
carried out that threat and on 
June 15, 1982 laid a complaint 
of infringement of article 86 of 
the EEC Treaty before the 

As a result of that complaint, 
in December 1 982, Commission 
officials carried out investiga- 
tions at the applicants' offices in 
the Netherlands and in the UK 
pursuant to article 14(3) of 
Regulation No 17, First Regula- 
tion implementing articles 85 
and 86 of the Treaty IOJ English ' 
Special Edition, 1959-1962, 
p87 i During the course of those 
investigations various docu- 
ments belonging to AKZO were 

On October !0, 1983 ECS 
brought a claim for damages 
against AKZO in the High 
Court on the basis of the 
.practices described above. The 
High Court decided to stay the 
proceedings pending the 
Commission's derision. 

In a statement of objections of 
September X J 984 the Commis- 
sion complained that AKZO 
had infringed article 86 of the 
Treaty by threatening ECS that 
it would sell benzoyl peroxide to 
ECS's customers at abnormally 
low and discriminatory prices 
and by carrying out that threat. 
That statement was accompa- 
nied by 127 annexes. 

A copy of the statement of 
objections with a list of the 
annexes was sent to ECS. The 
covering letter specified that 
ECS might seek access to those 
annexes if it thought it necessary 
in order to present its 

AKZO made known its views 
on the Commission's com- 
plaints in statements of October 
22 and November 16. 1984. 
Without informing AKZO the 
Commission* supplied those 
statements to ECS. 

By a fetter of November 19, 
1984, ECS asked to have access 
to the annexes to the statement 
of objections and by a letter of 
November 29 the Commission 
informed AKZO of that request. 

It emphasized that it would 
not disclose documents which 
contained business secrets, with 
the exception of those which 
constituted proof of the 
infringement of article 86 which 
had been committed. 

The letter gave AKZO ten 
days to express its views on 
ECS's request and h also ap- 

peared indirectly from that let- 
ter that ECS had had access to 
AKZO's statements. 

AKZO gave its reaction to the 
Commission by a letter of 
December 7 in which it first 
stressed that it was premature, 
at that stage of the proceedings, 
to refer to direct proof Of an 
infringement of article 86 . It 
also expressed surprise that the 
Commission had provided its 
statements to ECS. 

AKZO proposed to draw op 
summaries of the annexes or to 
make them available while 
obscuring certain confidential 
parts and it provided a list of 
documents which were to be 
regarded as confidential in any 

On December 14, 1984 some 
of the annexes were supplied to 
ECS. a fact of which the 
Commission informed AKZO 
only by a letter of December 18. 

In that letter the Commission 
emphasized that it was for it to 
decide upon the confidential 
nature of the documents. It 
stated that it had taken AKZO's 
list into account except in 
certain instances of which it 
provided a brief explanation. 

AKZO applied to the Court 
for an annulment of the 
Commission's decision to pro- 
vide ECS with certain confiden- 
tial documents. The application 
also sought an order for the 
return of the documents 
transmitted to ECS, 

In its judgment the Court of 
Justice of the European 
Communities held as follows: 

The Commission and the 
intervener claimed that the 
application was inadmissible. 
On the one hand, notification of 
the documents to ECS was a 
simple practical step which did 
not afiect the applicant's legal 
situation -and which could not 
therefore give rise to a claim for 
damages on the basis of article 
21 5 of the Treaty. 

On the other hand, they 
argued, the act in question was 
intended to enable the Commis- 
sion better to investigate the 
case and was therefore only of a 
preparatory nature. 

The act in dispute was the 
Commission's decision to re- 
gard the documents at issue as 
not being covered by the guar- 
antee of confidentiality pro- 
vided by Community law. 

That act was definitive and 
was independent of any decision 
which nlight be taken on the 
existence of an infringement of 
article 86 of the Treaty. The 
possibility for the undertaking 
of bringing an action against the 
final decision finding an 
infringement of the rules of 
competition was not of such a 
nature as to provide sufficient 
protection for its rights in that 

On the one hand the admin- 
istrative procedure might not 
result in a derision finding that 
there had been an infringemeu. 
On the other hand, any action 
which might be brought against 
such a decision could not enable 
the undertaking to prevent the 
irreversible effects which might 
arise from an improper disclo- 
sure of certain of Its documents. 

The company's interest in 
challenging the disputed de- 
cision might not be denied on 
the ground that, in this case, the 
decision had already been im- 
plemented when the action was 
brought. The annulment of such 
ar decision was itself capable of 
having legal consequences, in 
particular by preventing any 
repetition of such behaviour by 
the Commission and by making 
the use by ECS of improperly 
disclosed documents unlawful. 

It followed that the 
applicant's claim for annulment 
of the disputed decision was 
admissible, its claim for return 

of the documents was however 


Article 214 of the EEC Treaty 
required officials and other 
servants of the Community not 
to disclose information of the 
type covered by the obligation 
of professional secrecy. Article 
20 of Regulation No 17 gave 
effect to that provision in the 
context of the rules applicable to 

The obligation of professional 
secrecy set out in article 20 ( 2 ) 
was qualified in respect of those 
upon whom article 19(2) con- 
ferred the right to be heard, in 
particular the complainant third 

Commission might pro- 
vide the latter with certain 
information covered by the 
obligation of professional se- 
crecy, to the extent io which 
such disclosure was necessary to 
the smooth conduct of the 

However, that possibility did 
not apply to every type of 
document covered by pro- 
fessional secrecy. Articles 19(3) 
and 21 each imposed upon the 
Commission the requirement to 
have regard to. the legitimate 
interest of undertakings in the 
protection of their business 

Special protection was 
thereby afforded to business 
secrets. It followed that in no 
circumstances might documents 
containing business secrets be 
disclosed to third-party 

Any other response might 
lead to the unacceptable result 
that an undertaking might be 
induced to complain to the 
Commission for the sole pur- 
pose of obtaining access to a 
competitor’s business secrets. 

It was clearly for the Commis- 
sion to assess whether or not a 
given document contained busi- 
ness secrets. After giving the 
undertaking the opportunity to 
present its views, it was bound 
to take a properly reasoned 
decision which was to be noti- 
fied to tbe undertaking 

Having regard to the ex- 
tremely serious damage which 
might be caused by the im- 
proper disclosure of documents 
io a competitor, the Commis- 
sion. before implementing its 
decision, was bound to give the 
undertaking the chance to bring 
the matter before the Court of 

In the present case the 
Commission had given the 
undertaking the opportunity of 
making its views known and 
had adopted a properly rea- 
soned decision on the confiden- 
tial nature of the documents at 
issue and on the possibility of 
disclosing them. 

However, at the same time 
and by an act which was 
indissociable therefrom, the 
Commission decided to disclose 
the documents to the third party 
complainant, even before 
notifying its views to the under- 
taking concerned. 

It thereby made it impossible 
for the latter to make use of the 
combined provisions of articles 
173 and 185 of the EEC Treaty 
in order to prevent the im- 
plementation of the disputed 

In those circumstances the 
Commission's decision, notified 
10 the applicant by the letter of 
December 18, 1984 had to be 
annulled without it being nec- 
essary to establish whether the 
documents disclosed did, in 
foci, contain business secrets. 

On those grounds, the Court 
(fifth Chamber) hel± 

1 The decision notified to the 
applicant by letter of December 
18, 1984 was annulled. 

2 The remaining claims were 

3 The Commission was ordered 
to pay the costs. 

Public service employment 

j i 

Lawrie-Blmn v Land Baden- 


Case 66/85 

Before Lord Mackenzie Stuart, 
President and Judges T. 
Koopraans. U. Everting, K. 
Bah I man n, G. Boko, O. Due 
and F. Schockweilef 
Advocate General C. O. Lenz 
(Opinion given April 29) 
[Judgment given July 3] 

A trainee teacher engaged in 
teaching practice was to be 
regarded as a worker for the 
purposes of article 48 of tbe EEC 
Treaty; however such practice 
did not amouirf to employment 
m the public service, admission 
to which might be reserved to 
nationals of the member state 

In spring 1979, Mrs Deborah 
Lawric-BIum, a British national, 
successfully took the first state 
examination for appointment as 
a secondary school teacher at 
the University of Freiburg in 

In August 1979, she applied to 
the Oberschulamt (Higher 
School Authority), Stuttgart, to 
be accepted as a trainee second- 
ary school teacher. 

The training period of two 
years led to the second state 
examination and included 
teaching practice during which 
the trainee was required to give 
up to 1 ! hours of classes per 
week, at first under supervision 
and later independently. 

■ Such a trainee bad the status 
of a temporary civil servant and 
only persons who satisfied the 
requirements for appointment 
as civil servants might be flo- 
wed as trainee teachers. One 
of those requirements was pos- 
session of German nationality 
within the meaning of articte 
1 16 of the Constitution. 

By a decision of December 1 3, 
1979, the Oberschulamt refused 
Mrs Lawrie-Blum’s application 
on the ground that she was not a 
German national. She therefore 
brought an action for th e annul- 
ment of that decision as bring 
contrary to article 48 of the EEC 

The Verwaltungsgerieht 
(Administrative Court), Frei- 
burg, dismissed that action on 
the ground that the rules at issue 
were not contrary to ariicte48 of 
the EEC Treats' because employ- 
ment in the State school system, 
fell under the exemption for 
employment in the public ser- 

vice in accordance with article 
48(4) of the EEC Treaty. 

The Verwaltungsgerichtshof 
(Higher Administrative Court), 
Baden-Wurttemberg dismissed 
ber appeal against that decision 
and <m further appeal the 
Bundcs verwaltungsgerieht 
(Federal Administrative Court) 
referred the matter to the Court 
of Justice of the European 
Communities for a preliminary 

In its- judgment the European 
Court of Justice held as follows: 

'By its question the national 
court asked, in substance, 
whether a trainee teacher carry- 
ing out leaching practice with 
the status of a civil servant was 
to be regarded as a worker 
within the meaning of article 48 
of the Treaty and if so whether 
such teaching practice was to be 
regarded as employment in the 
public service within the mean- 
ing of article 48(4), admission to 
which might be refused to 
nationals of other member 

Definition of “worker * 1 • 

The concept of a “worker’' 
had a Community meaning and. 
since it defined the field of 
application of one of the fun- 
damental freedoms guaranteed 
by the Treaty it was to be 
broadly interpreted. The con- 
cept was to be defined according 
to objective criteria relating to 
the rights and duties of the 
persons concerned. 

‘Hie essential characteristic of 
the employment relationship 
was that, over a certain time, a 
person provided services For 
another, under the instructions 
of the latter and for which he 
received remuneration. All of 
those conditions were met in the 
present case. 

The feet that teaching practice 
might be regarded, like periods 
of apprenticeship in other pro- 
fessions, as practical prepara- 
tion connected with the actual 
exercise of the profession did 
not preclude the application of 
article 48( 1). if it was carried out 
as a paid activity. 

Nor could it be objected that 
the services provided in the 
context of teaching did not fall 
within tiw scope of the Treaty as 
not being economic in nature. 
The sole requirement for the 
application of article 48 was that 
the activity amounted to a 
provision of work and was 

Employment in public service 

It was necessary to recall that 
since article 48(4) was a deroga- 
tion from the fundamental rule 
of the free movement of 
Community workers it was to be 
interpreted in such a way as to 
limit its scope to what was 
strictly necessary in order _ to 
safeguard the interests which 
that provision allowed member 
suites to protecu 

Access to certain jobs cou/cf 
not be restricted in a particular 
member state because the per- 
sons who accepted such jobs 
were given the status of civil 

If the application of article 
48<4) were to depend on the 
nature of Ihe legal relationship 
between the worker and tbe 
administration, member states 
would be able to determine, at 
their whim, which jobs were to 
be covered by that exception. 

Johs in the public service, for 
the purposes of article 48(4). and 
which were thereby removed 
from the ambit of paragraphs l 
to 3 of that article, were those 
which involved direct or in- 
direct participation in the ex- 
ercise of powers conferred by 
public law and duties designed 
to safeguard the general interests 
of the state or other public 

Such posts presumexl on the 
pan of those occupying them 
the existence of a special 
relationship of allegiance to the 
state and reciprocity of rights 
and duties which formed the 
foundation of the bond of 

On those grounds, the Euro- 
pean Court of Justice ruled: 

] A trainee teacher who, under 
the instructions and supervision 
of the public education authori- 
ties. was engaged in a period of 
teaching practice in preparation 
for the teaching profession, 
during which he provided ser- 
vices by giving courses and 
received remuneration, was to 
be regarded as a worker within 
the meaning of artide 48(1) of 
the EEC Treaty irrespective of 
the legal nature of the employ- 
ment relationship. 

2 Teaching practice in prepara- 
tion for foe teaching profession 
might not be regarded as 
employment in the public ser- 
vice within the meaning of 
artide 48(4) admission to which 
might be refiised to nationals of 
other member states. 













































■ ■- - i 

'f i'.: ■ j22: 







Wc are market-leaders in the desi&i, manufacture and distribution of high quality 
furnishing fabrics, wall papers and accessories. 

We are currently seeking Saks Administrator for our bus)' Trades Sales Department 
based at White City. 

Ideally you will be in your early 20’s, educated to ‘A* level standard and possess good 
communication and administrative skills. The abiliry to work under pressure to- 
gether with 60wpm. typing and wor dpro cessing experience are necessary. 

She organises the temporary assignments at Crone 
Corkill. Come and see her again when you have 
worked on our team for 750 hours and she will 
present you with a £200 holiday bonus - no 
strings attached. If you are one of the best senior 
secretaries in London with at least 2 years’ Director 
level experience, speeds of 100/60 and proficient 
WP skills, join our team and we will pay you £6.40 
per hour. Telephone Julia Stones on 434 4512 for 
an appointment now. 

A competitive salary will reflect ability and experience. Benefits include 4 weeks 
holiday, incentive scheme, staff purchase scheme, season ticket loan, etc. 

In the first instance please write tmrlirnr-g your CV UK 

Miss R Clucas 
Designers Guild 
6 Relay Road 
London W12 7SJ 

or telephone 01-743 6322 ext. 145 for an application form. 

Crone Corkill 


Elizabeth Hunt 


to £10,000 

A brand new daily newspaper seeks a secretary/researcher 
tn jcwi tile* features desk This is trie division Brat provides 
the photographs to match the editorial copy. You should be 
a good administrator with SO/S) skills. Beautiful offices, 
good prospects and 5 weeks holidays. 


£ 10 , 000 + 

Join .this leading marker research consultancy specrahstog 
in the retail and consumer markets as secretay/offlce 
manager. You'll enjoy extensive client coraact and 50% of 
your day wHI be spent handling administrative projects. 60 
wpm typing ability and WP experience needed. 

For temporary work please contact Fiona. 

Elizabeth Hunt Recruitment Consultants . 

23 College HE London EC4 Qt-240 3551 J 

(name sponsored mtt. 8- 
(tse/ mad VIPs wurtMa, 
wrtad + Ktoaswa wmk <rth 
(no Imf swotament Vou - 4 
amt water. flood tansur. *>• 
taut, public school, speeds 

Salary E&500-E&500. 




Continous free cross training on all the popular 
systems and so ft w are with the opportunity to 
progre s s into support application and programming, 
and in-company Consul tancy/Training which in 
turn offers extremely attractive benefits. 


of Bond St. 

01 439 4001 

[0 a 3 >1 r x . kn a m :Uj I* , . « a v a#.'! a :« (a .v 



FASHION £ 10,000 neg. 

OkOSMuio wt* a PA. ta that QnMw Oi. Jo* nmtvw taooa 
bebn mC pcadocun peede wd KM nghm a* settrgusd new 
Emm i*a. dmhn. Ungngm woy mW Mnew nc ml Tul SO 


Thsnaa M a« mm tmiiiead. agtney hLimhin IMi tar Wdl hi Hi* YM 
b9 fans. ira*l* Wsl Wes ifrs Yort. One el Me mm a tooboa lor an 
cHmu PA am cm u i*i m an mmm* SH 90 Typ GO. 


Mi wu iMMite p* 1 bk B oak on w* MMne 1 ( m. da enb 
Do B| lob tar you. UeoMoaM, Mma Dr B top v* a dawonMy Hdktag 
nmdraw pa sh so Tip oo 


v*» means o» I* aBjoMw mto'f tootog (or wtei M itannw *4 

kb mi im sh so Tr« SO- 


Thu, giqws yewonm uteri* ibm9» up aw am at. - Hoag aomSOi 
•MB. «b laokm, (« a Mot*. Hawke See Item'* i pud Uh h> nmn 
tan id tom an am ■ m le wnMndA 1w SO' 


d aubageam. damn, an (Not mrtmg Mi d af fend} (tone t* n m. 


MnMrenHM ateuueonoa Swan Smart on Ot-73* BBSS 

13/14 Dean Street,London W1V SAH 

P.A. £11,000++ ' 

For Senior Director of teaifing. prestigious company. Plenty 
Of involvement and responsibility tor someone effidurt. 
sett-confident, with excellent skUs (100/60). Handling' 
highly confidential matters, discretion fat vital. Superb 
benefits await the friendly decisive personality. 


£ 10 , 000 ++ 

Successful Mayfair organisation with a 
reputation tor friemfiy. yet professional ap- 
.. . proacti to work, has an opening tor a PA 
fi'f'A with BOwpm typing, strong admin skits and 

+ a flair fhr nm an isaiinn tn nrrwirio rnmnWii 

i" 1 

a fte for organisation, to provide complete 

back-up. Luiwy offices tar someone social, 
looking tor involvement J 

* Handle 

10 New Bond St, London W1 
a 01-493 1184 / 

£10000 - At 21 (no sir'd) 

E njoy a sociable atm osphere within this l eading West E nd consul tancy, 
busing with efients. arranging meetings & travel wtte assisting these 

Bad and 


chaps with your typing of 50 wpm. Perks Inducte : 
in-housa gym. Age 21-26. A' levels preferred. 


Ludng Advertising Agency require a confident outgoing PA to assist 
their sonar doctor. With this iixMdual character as your sole respoo- 
sfcUihi you wfi run his office and Raise with top cherts. 60/50 skills, 
age 22-30. 


Keep ip with the latest in cutetne within the Recipe Section of this 
international school Liaise constantly with demonstrators and coirse 
participants, using your accurate typing and WP knowledge. Age 24+. 

Please tetepbne 01-629 8863. 



Elite Reception 

£ 8,000 

Superb presentation and sheer professional 
excellence set the tone, here in the City 
offices of this leading American stock- 
broker As their smart, ‘on the ball' 
receptionist you will welcome visitors, 
handle a busy Regent switchboard and look 
after occasional typing. Poise, confidence 
and presence are your key attributes. Good 
reception experience distinctly useful. Some 
typing (40wpm) essential. Please telephone 


Recruitment GoosaZonn 


Watts & Partners, Chartered Building Surveyors 
require the assistance of two well groomed, ex- 
perienced PA/Teazn secretaries with a sound 
background in audio typing and some knowledge 
of word processing, to assist our small team of 
surveyors in our new office in the heart of the 
West End. 

Competitive salaries are offered, together with 
staff profit share scheme. 35 hour flexible work- 
ing week, optional pension scheme and four 
weeks annual holiday. 

Please apply in writing with C.V. toe 

Miss Sue Chalmers 
Watts & Partners 
58 Brook Street 
London WlY 1YB 

TO £9,000 

This company which promotes 
new products onto the ratal 
needs an enthusiastic PA hi work 
closely with one otthw top exec- 
utives in all aspects of their 
account haxfllng. You wfl ham 
the oppoTtanty to see protects 
Unugi from start to finish, be- 
eomeig Maly involved on both 
the creative & admin sides. You'll 
need good regmsaticnal stab. 
90/50 SH/Typ & be smart £ wefl 
spoken to ftap you cope >*kh the 

wide variety of tasks you lave to 

£8,000 leg 

You will ran the reception far 
this bright young company 
which produces videos tor aS 
sorts of promotional work. 
There vrffl be a Junior to help 
you and to cope with most of 
the switchboard and typing 
wok. Greeting i m e s fing peo- 
ple - from film producers to PR 
and advertising men - make 
this one of the West Bid's 
most intriguing receptionist 



Excellent career move for person with DP and 
technical Wang knowledge, handling all sorts in 
the system, organising a Hot- Line Service and 
problem solving. You will also have to provide a 
secretarial administration service to DP Manager 
Of Company in expanding DP department based 
in the Victora area. 

Ideal opportunity if you require a streching and 
interesting position 

College Leaver 

75fl ” 

please contact Kara Roche or Zara Siddmpri oa 439 4001 

115 shaflsbmy Avenue 
London WC2. 

c£6,750 w 

Superb chance to leap into the fast lane, with 
this great UK film company. Working with the 
Director and his small, immediate team you will 
enjoy high level involvement in film deals, 
production wrangles, press/ media monitoring, over- 
seas liaison, preparation for film festivals etc. Lovely 
offices. Benefits inc free film previews. You need to 


What’s the difference between 
last year’s temporaries and this? 

About 10% 

tempcjroneslorVwIrsIcfcpeoonoWwcrel ^^^nexJ^w* be. Ourfree toning .; 



lsotteroff»h«i*hkiam®fc»tj«ac ” - 

• *Lt3ndancanpansonanfy 

O MANPOWER Tel: 225 0505 


bite Country Houses Depat- 
mental one of Mayfair’s most 
prestigious estate igents. a 
secretary w3 bare an abso- 
lutely fascinating exB tenca. If 
you love nagfficcnt bouses, 
don't miss this opporbrty ot 
Bring & breathing them in an 
atetin S secretarial rate. You! 
need to be bright wifh a talatt 
for audn typmg. Shorthand 
wouU be useful & you wtt be 
trained on WP. Age 21 +. 

. of Bond SL 

S .RflcminnantCanwtUano 
Ns SS. (-»« *M « 

A mortgage 

This American tank offere 
Ms of vahabie tarafite-and 

ready special job for an ex- 

mt to be missed. 
Su aril handle a Monarch 
svrtcbboanl, should be able 
to type^t 50 wpm md use e 
Cheetah tetex. Age 23 - 31 

i^Hv' ■ *r>, 

of Bond St. 

Recna&ntmt Consuitirni 
■« 55. had n RiMricki 



The offices of ttfe property 
company are spectecqlarty 
beanul and amb a Jtne^r 
Partt Lane bouse, tat of a 
highly successW group.' this 
snafl team - led by your boss 
• works fast mder pressue 
ted is super to be with. You 
will have shorthand and 
admin tBste and must hare a 
rm tor noHitiHaa. mat; 

Benefits wriudeexcetieot free 

iunctas. Age-25 t 4X . . 


' tna w £ 



For an Account Director in our young expandi n g company near Gloucester 
Road tube. Modern officee and latest technology. Fast accurate typing ami 
good organisational alrifla essential. WP experience an advantage bat wifi 
train- £8,400 pA. + 2 bonuses p a. + BUPA. v 
Write with C.V. or telephone Jacqui Mundk of 

Cameron Choat A Partners, 

Bury House, 126/128 Cromwell Road, 
London SW7 4ET. 

Teb 01-373 4637, 


cXI 2,000 

' A discreet and efficient bdn- 
guai PA, pretarabiy a Gemon 
or Austrian national with flu- 
ent Bigflsh. is required by a 
private imNvkfcai to wok 
from a luxurious office in 
South Kensington. 

His main Merest Is coflecting 
worts of art and much of your 
time wil be spent Basing with 
private dealers and gatet*. 
You wffl also be rewind to 
organise various sodti func- 
tions, arrange extensive travel 
plans and merage several pri- 
vate residences. 

Fluent French would be an 

Age: 30-40 Skfe; 90/50 


01-629 9686 


IpmorketTen vpirig 

to £11,000 . * 

This summa; join sbj exdiisne and 
iqrwaidly-cnobfe efee. ThepkicofLondafs 
prestige jobs. Rewards that -pay;, fifil 
recognition to exosHence. And sonKtbing 
more. Longer-term catwgrowdi-FInancial^r 
our pay stnrcture reflects your devdopmeriL 
So coo our oaining unit, where without 
charge or obligation ^ou can bring your- 
self up to dare on the latest in WP. Find exit 
mote about upmarket temping. Gall cod ayv 


£ 8-1 £000 

The advertising and public 
relations world offers great 
screw and mvohrement for 
wefl educated young secretar- 
ies. Lote of efient Baton, 
media Barning and Ann all a 
fast, moving tasty environ- 
ment Let us help you bee* 
info PR or advertising now. 


Our dent. Involved .In new technology, re- 
quires your good 7 organisational skate to 

quires your good 5 organisational skBte to 
handle a variety of secretarial and adminis- 
trative tasks. Provide support to a marketing 
team and take on your own rrisponsUBtieh. 
80/60 and WP sktes essential 


osecaR OeMe 

am -638 pm 



We need an Administrative Secretary. 
- who wants real responsibility and 
can use initiative in the running of 
this well known charity. Must be ex- 
perienced in high level contact and 
willing to work alone - lots of 

P le wwe contact John Randte 
Buckin gham Court, 78 BuekinglKHn Goto 
London SW1E 6PE 
(Totephonre 01-222 33481 


S v ... ' 
c *#**' 1 4i ‘ 



*>ur iX 


Unique cyport uni ty for fluent tri-fingual PA to assist 
President of Intenretkmal Group, sooth of France. Ap- 
plicants should enjoy variety end winking at top leva. 
An interest in the art w or l d would be useful. 


For more details contact 


(Rec Cass) 

01 493 4467/3492 

After 8 years working with this smashing bass 
(previous secretary 1 1 ytars - and he s only 43!) j 
am now leaving to be with my children and 1 need 
someone to lake my place (so does be!). 

It’s a very demanding but satisfying jootor a 
career woman. Excellent prospects. Fast expand- 


career woman. Excellent prospects. Fast expand- 
ing food group. Floating soon. Good salary and 
working conditions. Office adjacent Old Street 

Please phone me: 

Kathy Winch on 01-253 9013. 




to work with a team of PR Executives and 
generally run our office. Typing important, nice 
conditions. Support from part-time typists. 
Please send fun CV to; 

Sarah MacDougall, 

Phillips & Hind Associates, 

29 Adam and Eve Mews, 
London W8. 

No Agencies 


Wc need someone with top mail experience to sell 
antique collectors* items and con t e mporary 
enaiwb. Yery busy, happy atmosphere. 
Excellent salary and prospects. 

Please write in confidence to: 

Managing Director, Haley** Days, 

14 Brook Street, London WlY 1AA. 

Liw 'jtji !tKi 

Requires young secretary with excellent ty 
shorthand ana audio skills (knowledge o 


an advantage) to help with typing, fifing, phone 
coverage etc. in busy European General 
Manager's offka. This is a varied and Interest- 
ing position offering attractive salary, free 
BuPA cover, LVs and the usual airline con- 
cessions. Please send full CV and recent 
raph to: Assistant to Gen. Mgr. *" 

Action-packed days await 
busy, young temps, we o 

i as one of our Rvely, 
excellent rates, con- 

18-25, call us now- 

437 6032 






Requires Bookkeeper, Administrator, PA 
to MD. Varied job spec. Lots of respon- 
sible as part of a young lively team. 
Salary c. £8,500. 

For details telephone 
Rowena or Jonathan on 01-338 3544. 



F :i: fvf+iApS 




*«3 ran 

^ I7«8 

cao cj» 





01 4Q6 9356 


















■ana EES N YORK 075 
Yankton £60 LA/SF E395 
Mta OSD Mann 020 
anbi E32S supms U20 
6 burg SAbO Bar^co* £335 
jwD 005 KJBmjndu .£*•!-£> 
WUBom £335 Rangoon £350 
long Kong ES10 CatolOa £435 
. — Ptem-caK 


21 smn a. iMMjn 

« zmofOTi 
I CfCAflflS AG 


unta nun 

Jotwn/Har E3UJ E4fl0 

Nwoti . £775 £390 

Cam £150 £230 

Ugos £240 £360 

Otfitom £250 £350 

Bangkok £220 £350 

Douaa . . . EJ20 

Ain Altai True! LM 
162/168 tofml St *1 
TEL ITM37 8256/6/7/1 
Late A^rga^oiai^Wficom: 


dnay £455 BBSS 

cktond £415 £745 

Burg £306 £499 

ngkSk £229 £375 

llviv E99 £179 

w York £180 020 

* Angeles £21 6 £405 

01 370 6237 

Nairobi Jo’Bnij. Cairo. Dutai. 
KfanboL Singapore. K.L Delhi 
Bangkok, Hong Kong. Sydney, 
“ropt' & The Americas. 

_ . TjwH. 

76 Shaftesjbvy Akph 

Lmfcn HIV 7DG. 


Open S*unhy 1MM3* 

creek wland of lends, s c 

JT.2 a «» Uto quirt un»oin a- 
Dlrm IltohK 10 KOI. 
<09Wi 77I266UMhrx) 

Tl mi way Holiday*. 


COSTCUTIUf* ON flights MU 
» Euim. USA * moil orsuiu- 
uow DlMomu Travel: 01-730 

J fupe Dfmmntu buiworto 
TrinP * <03727) 

20097 27109 27538. 

widn Cill-Euw- Travel. ABTA 
01839 5033. Ring AnWr 

USA lr CHS Slngl*. £210 rtn. 
High Season Farm Major- Irarv 
« 01 405 9257 IATA 


Bens Travel. Tel Ol 385 6414 

UeSCOUHT FARES Worldwide , 
Q1J34 0734 JuWter Travel 

SPAM. Portugal Own loro. 
Bmnlrs. Ol 738 8191 ATOL. 

SWITZERLAND Scheduled (Bants 
01 724 2388 ABTA ATOL 

SICILY CML ai llw wetl-apbotni- 
pd EU HOTEL m secluded Bay 
o< Boni'AiesMo. only 7 mum 
Horn l he elegant international 
imon of Taormina, Pure 
met 7 nights half board In twin 
room, mum daytime Gatwick 
nu every Tuesday Pool & pri- 
vate beach. transfers & airport 
lax. No hidden extras. SICIL- 
IAN SUN LTD Ol 222 7452 

I & 2 wks. 2 centre holidays, 
(ly -drive. ratlins. Individual 
inner! rs. nights only Charter a 
scheduled nights Available for 
July a Auginl departures. Free 
hr or burr 01-43* 1962 or 01- 
788 8030 (24 hrsj ABTA 

o w £395 rtn £695. Auckland 

0 w £420 tin £785. Jotiurg 
. o w £306 no £499. LM Angc- 

leso w £21 Grin £405. London 
Flight enure 01-370 6332. 
New York £269. LA £329. To- 
ronto £269. JTrorg £498. rod £575 Sydney £689. 
Auckland CT49. Da null 130 
Jermyn Street. Ol 839 7144 
(tights eg. Rio £485. Lima 
£498 rtn Abo Small Croup 
Holiday Joarneyt-teg Peru 
front £3501 JLA 01-747 3108 
lift. S. America. Mid and Far 
Last. S Africa. Trayvale. 48 
Margaret Sired, wi 01 680 
2928 (Visa Accepted) 

pean desUnMtons. Vatexander 

01 402 4262 0062 ABTA 
61004 ATOL I960 

le prices. Flight, actively A 
Inactively hots. Freedom Hob. 
01-741 4686. ATOL 432. 
Worldwide cheapest fares. 
Richmond Travel. 1 Duke Si 
Richmond ABTA 01-940 4073. 
TUNISIA. Perfect beaches for 
jour summer holiday. Can for 
our brochure now. Tunisian 
Travel Bureau. Ol 573 44ii. 
TURKEY. Lafe availability. 8. IS 
July 1 wk fr £189. Turkish De- 
llgm Hobdays. OL 891 6469. 

- ATOL 2047 • 

Club and First. BESTFARE Ol 
394 1642. Atof 1400 
Discounts let/ Economy tick- 
ets. Try us k**L FUCHT- 
BOOKERS Ol -387 9100. 
Discounts im/Ecooomy uck- 
ms. Try us last FLIGHT- 
BOOKERS 01-3K7 9100. 
I acre on charter scheduled fits. 
631 0167 Agt Alol 1893. 
WANTED. 2 3 people 10 share 
car corns. 1 1 12 July to South 
France area. Tei. Ol 883 4189 


WEE TRW* for anyone wtmng ro 
sail 33 Quest Catamaran lo me 
Mediterranean As soon as pom. 
Tel Ol 381 6245 

TAKE TIME OFF to Pans. Am- 
sterdam. Brusaeh. Bruges. 
Geneva. Berne. Lausanne. The 
Hague. Dublin. Rouen. Bou- 
logne A DWpoe Time OH 2a. 
Chester CMw. London. SW1X 
780- Ol 235 8070 


couple lake guests in ihdr beau- 
Ufu) 2 star hold. Superb French 
cuisine. New swteWijinB pool 
Colour tN'octwrc T*J: 010 95 S3 
91 61 31 




We can always supply a fust class 
villa, even ai Die las mnxe. We 
have probably Uw hnes sdecUon 
n the Meaenanean. at Corfu. 
Ernie. Pmos. Atone. South of 
France. Italy - on the beach or trth 
mol. Alt hive mad. some i cook. 
Pnces? From tfe voy expensm to 
the sufpnsngly modest 

Lotto SW3 27R 
D1-SH 0851 I RUM 8803 
(5M 0132 • 24 hr 

ta ** 0Te «» ltea ) 


LUXURY VRAAS with ooohana 
Man still avail. South of France. 
MaibHta. Algarve, West Indies. 
Connnnilal Villas Ol 246 9161 



IMNORCA Villas, some with 
pools, aparvtwnb. tavernas. all 
dtuev aval June spertob. high 
season from £125. Celtic Hou- 
d *vs 01 309 7070 & 0622 
677071 or 0622 677076 <24 
hrs) Atm 1772. 



collages from as UlUe os £75 
Pw. Tef 022S 337477 or 



Active & Relaxing 
Ob Beautiful isle 
Choose a dub or 4* luxury by 
sanity teach, free wMsu/fina 
tans, superb nod & free wine. 

Greek Isle deserted beaches, 
wndsuifing. bbu’s & bop. 

Hr Singles, mphs A hnHes. 

LBMABSCAPE atm. 1333 

01 441 0122 (Mb* 

CORFU'S BEST- Entta- a outrl 
hotioav in unspolU Kamlivakt. 
OorgeoiA swimming: superb 
vr-wv. villas for 2 - 6 . scheduled 
flignb from Heolhrnw on 
Thindays: Join Use few 
Siunrape Holidays 01-948 
5747 ABTA. 

CORFU Sunday J 3.2027 July 
Beautiful viuav. fully eaulpped 
nr the beach. Ex Gaiwicfc. Ring 
Pan World Holidays Ol 754 

"RHODES lux apart hob from 
£139 pp July depu. 
Sirarna 0706 062814. 


A villa, a pool and a oeaunfid 
view wttat more could you 
want? Choose from Tuscany. 
Sardinia or Ravetio - the 
■■r parts of Italy where me mass 
market ooeralors don't go. Or 
romblne a villa holiday with a 
stay in Venice. Florence or 
Rome. Free brochure from 
Magic of Italy. Depi T. 47 Shep- 
herds Bush Green. W12 BPS 
Tel- Ol 749 7449 i24 lira 



ALGARVE .JULY AvailabUUy to 
24 JJy . superb house In own 
stnall estate. Pool, lenob court, 
pine woods, under luK hr from 
coral, sips s- lO 
37 31 JJy. secluded larnOy 
house, lovely views to coast, 
pool, ige gdns. sips 4 6. Corliot 
Holidays 0753 40811. ABTA. 

Holidays of dnuncUon for Ute 
very few. Tel: 01-491 080 B. 73 
SL Jame^s Street. SWI. 

ALGARVE. VUlai with pools. The 
vuta Agency. 01424 8474. 


COSTA DEL SOL *20 routs Puerto 
San us Marbrllat Super hse on 
beach. 2 twm betrrms. 2 baths 
en suite. Ratio odn. s pools, res- 
taurant. super" mW Award 

winning dev . mam service. Fr 
C2QOpw Owner 01 586 

4559 883 2521 

COSTA BLANCA. VUia sips 6. 3 
oeos- S pool. gdn. BBQ. 5 mb 
safe sandy beaches. £45 pp pw 
Avail end Aug- 01 888 9293 


a Rem* k SwtamtauL 
Austria. Flam & Batfi 
Tte Biggest Cboke On S*W 

01 785 2208 
Maach. Beps. 
0422 78121 


SKI WEST bumper brochure out 
now packed with aU the top re- 
sorts. Sunday flights meal the 
irafftcti. and aroarfhBjv *°w 
prices sunimg * £59. RtagiOft 
785 9999 for voar copy- ABTA 
69356 ATOL 1385. 


A new unique service to 
our readers and advertisers . 

for the 

placement of advertising 

You can now phone in jour advertisement to us any Saturday 

morning, from 930 a.m. to 1.00 p.m. . 

This is aunique new service forall classified advertisers m 
The Times and Sunday Times— and it coste tro Mtra. 

To book your advertisement phone 01-4814000. 


jmw V -7\fb4] r >» 




IN- .HwH 


GRACIOUS and iHegam ReUre 
ment i-tunir lor the EMIerty srt 
Ih wpndrrtul PAMtlbn m coun- 
try*! Or. mmooKutp ine sea- 
Some yuiles available CenWl 
RiKident Matron. Pmnay 
House Lyme Rrgb. Durarl- Tel: 
0297a Se26. 

GRATEFUL thanks to llw Sacred 
Heart ana St Jude for (avow 
received do 

the wotklimeun'i lunch. See 
-Food a wine Melton. 

02 958 1367 " 

FLOCXiuirr i. Jonn noettnart 
brother at me late Waller, wbh 
lo Hunk Oil hb wonderful 
fnmm lor help and sympathy 
in our ■!<-.»- iota, ranccudly Mr* 
H w.b. srnroaer and family 

The ftrrharacan of ChClUm- 

ham. Ittr Venerable Eric Evaitf 
who tondurird I he service. Not 
to be lorgoden ail member* and 
>laif of tne vinorv Club. Lon- 
don Crrmauon took place an 
30fh June. 1986 at Mortiake. 


COMPANY GOLF Dam orpanbed 
for staff or rmlonMrs Any lo 
ration. Tei 0754 B72722. 
FROWKIUF. Lave or Marriage. 
All age. area*. Daleffne. Oepf 
■016) 23 Aomgdon Road. Lon- 
don wg. Tel- 01-938 toil. 
BREAKAWAY. London-* dub lor 
'professional unallalcttrd people 
2343-Over 200 events month- 
ly 24 hr Info tape. 997 7994. 
LIFE— LIRC Career Councillor, 
highly acclaimed computer pro- 
gramme. BBC. Spcrtrum. and 
CBM 64 Only £14.95. W. SW 
art Syarm Lid. Chotderlon. 
Salisbury iQ98064« 255. 
MEMORY POWER Dev woo a su- 
per grasp of facts, figures and 
fares fasti You can by Tne 
Abeet Method Free (arts (MPtSi 
PO Box 164. EnllCffl. EN1 2LQ. 
HEART to HEART. Todays way 
of meeting. Confidential Intro- 
duct tons throughout UK for 
Companionship. Friendship. 
Marriage Heart to Heart. 52 
London Rd. Twickenham. 
Middx Ol 892 2061 
CALIBRE CVS Lid professional 
run-tnuurn vllae documents. 
Details: 01-631 3388 
CAPITAL CVs prepare Mgti duali- 
ty curriculum v l toes. 01607 


OuaUIUH) SoUctlMv £160 + 
VAT 6 Standard Dbpcrammis. 
Ring. 0244 319398 
IS lawyer 17 BuKtrode SL 
London WI Ol 486 0813. 



Together we can beat it. 

We fund over one third of 
ail research into (he preven- 
tion and cute of cancer in 
(he UK. 

Help us by sending a dona- 
tion or make a legacy to 

Cancer tVl 
Research im 
C ampaign 

1 Carhnn Ht"iwTn-r«f. 

I Drpt rr 7/7 l London SW1Y SAIL 



ThessdfldiHi haw D be taught how 
d speak. They need speoeJBacftas. 
spebal oientDn aid special 
equumenL Please glw is the means 
u help and m see tor they are nm 
tafgotlBn by Gotcnunent Dy 
Educoxn, by Local Auttioaes. 

* Nnttmrt^taasCliiHnab 

45 KeRfani toad. Lndm WZ5AH 

•m «iha»an<sai4iA>omiiM< 


S DEVON. Sea. Srartou* famtly 
(to! Aug on for 2 6 £84 - £154 
pw 01-794 0237 01-674 6650 


I2ih<. Why noi tompM* your 
rail to the 1986 Festival of Mu- 
sic and me Arts wtui a stay at 
Ye Owe Bril Hotn. Hurley >3 
miles from Hen lev'. Ring 
10628821 6881 4244 for fur- 
ther information or 


2 ■ 9 AugusL steeps 6. also Sept 
WO(1 TH 03706 286 


SC0TLAML Highlands A Blands. 
Send isralMd lOO recom- 
mended noffb. guest houses. 
seU catering. Abo free inuring 
mao. Transcot Holidays. 8a 
HW Street. Taint. Rarashlre- 
TeL 0062 3333 


I emote with flrd class adnUnb- 
iraihe background. both 
Industrial and rreaitve. seeks In- 
teresting emptoymeni as 
PA Organ tser lo company or 
mdhtdual. Refermres M re- 
Quest. Tel: 01-937 2904. 


hew Luxury hse lo !cL Well La- 
coird. iidly eoutprd including 
linen etc 1 bed . I recent, ga- 
rage Available Mid July 
onwards. £225 pw. Tel: O l 382 
8968 tGH or Ol 727 0577 feWU 


PART TUNE CRN rroulrtwf ter 
medical practice in Harley 
SHreel. 4 mornings per week. 
Telephone 01 936 7562- 


AU PAIR with some see r etanet 
experience required for rrtendly 
family m Coniyucui. USA. 
Own mom. bathroom, car fH- 
fp nee essenllaU, use of 
swimming pool Dius generous 
adgwancp Dufies win include 
hofpmgout at the office, looking 
adcr (betr beautiful period 
home *nd 2chBdrcn, A mature, 
rrsponslble altitude essenttai 
coupled wiih easy gotna ap- 
praam. Non smoker in mid 20’s 
preferred Inlerviews Ofl 
9 loth July Contort Sue 
§W. Fulure TKhnotogy 
Consul tools. 7 Mackenzie 
Street. Slough. Berta Trte- 
Phtxie 0753 31737 roayi or 
0753 40021 ' evenings! 

Ntimv Housekeeper ream red 
fw 2 children, use of rar s pool 
«r Irj 1 Staff Consultants. 
Ahtarmhoi TeL 0252 315569 

for London C100 weekly Fry 
Staff Consultants. Aldershot 
TH 0252 3)5369 


87 Rfvmi Street .London WI 
Trt 439 653* LK Overseas 
awo m.netps dotm temp perm 


REQUIRED Famllv home. S o 
Imfimm, 3 baths. S 3 recap 
lions Http Lmbassi let. reniral 
London Trt 01 499 0877 exl 

regime first class single room 
family accomodation for Euro- 
pean Executives on 2 4 week 
Language courses 16-20 min 
uies travelling lime from Bond 
Siren Top rates Contort Lan- 
guage Siudira Limited Trt: Ol 
491 1731 

of r hairs, large mirrors, noak- 
r«fv desks & burrauv.01 685 
0148 228 2716 day mgm 
LD CenLrr court or No 1 Any 
day 01 439 0300 


and I8UI Cmiury tcoiica and 
reofoduction furniture, clear 
anre now on NelUrbeo. O.von 
1 049] 1 641 1 1 5. Rradinp i0734i 
691751. Berkeley. Cam. iOa53> 
610952- TopUiam Devon 
10592871 7443. 

FINEST mialiiy wool rarpeu. At 
trade prices and under, also 
available lOO's extra. Large 
room size remnants raider half 
normal twice. Chancery Carpels 
nt aiw naftv. 

IDIfs avail. Hand bound ready 
for preseniallon aho 

-Sundays". £12 50. Remember 
When. 01-688 6323. 


Siarughl Ejcp. Chess. Les Mrs. 
All uieaue and sports 
TeL- 821-6616 828-0496. 

A. EX Visa . Diners 

BNCTHDAY DUE ? Give someone 
an original Times Newspaper 
dated the very day they were 
born. £12 50. 0492 31305. 

SEATF1N0ERS Any event Inc Les 
MS. Covenl Gdn. StarhgM Exp. 
GIvnoefMHirne. 01 828 1678 

Mater ctkUI cards. 

Exp. Chess, Les Mil AU theatre 
and soon. Tel 651 5719. 637 
1716. All major credit cards 

vs Cowboys and aU theatres. 01 
701 8283 

CATS, CHESS. Les MW. AU lhe- 
alTP and sport. Tel 651 3719. 
637 1715. A ll maw CTWII 

Hr Can you buy cheaper? B A 
S Ltd. Ol 229 1947 8468. 

WIMBLEDON and all Pop Events. 
Tickets bought and sold. 

Ol 9500277 or Ol 9300598 


FIRS T CLASS Prowlrt- Kennel 
Club irgnieird Yorkshire Ter 

rut mmoles '10 wfbW}- 
iiitoot krd toils C90 CtEO Tel 
01 262 7863 



Wcamtera CortnpiaR Tms. tte- 
ggn itMutal only £8.95 oet sq yd 
+ VAT. Wool mot Buber carpets 
4m wide Hessan backed £4.35 
per sq yd -t- VAT. Wife stocks 

207 HsMratoefc MB 
Hampstead NW3 

Tel: 01-794 0139 

Fin espnaiB-EAihi Mwg 

1930*6 •MOUSCMAN* Refectory 
suite, table. 6 chairs, panelled 
sideboard and chosi drawers. 
SJASOO ono Tei 0604 406805. 
SUPERB large late vinonan 
r Mined tune dresser 8X1 101 ns 
high 10 ( 1 7tns wWe by 2ft deep. 
Offers around £2.000. Tel: 
042873 5593 eves. 

Figurines, animals, etc- want 
ed. 01 883 0024. 


London's leading specialist in 
new and restored pianos for the 
largest grntdne selection avail- 
able. 30a Hkjngaie Rd. nwb. 
Ol 2*7 7671 Free catalogue 
and reconditioned. Quality ai 
reasonable prices. 326 Brtghion 
Rd . ft-Cravdon. Ol 688 3613 



FLAT lo let 1st 2l« AU9UHI for 
fellow American couple Low 
rent trt r*rH4noe tor Woking at 
ter family cal. Tel: 01-937 

SWI PIMLICO Charming flat. SH- 
Una room, twin beds- K * B- 
Cleaner Included. Nonvmokcr 
C120PW inc TcfcOl 828 9590 
town Ik 5 beds. 3 baU«. 
pw July 20- 6eo« 7 362 7694 
central London irom 
mug Town Hse APIs 373 5«33 
Kensington Col TV 24 hr swhd. 
Ux CoUingham ApW 373 o306 


5W7 Lawyer seeks other young 
professional person lo snare 
luxury flat Own r oom P*us 
nsrihroom £ 260.00 pem inc 
Trt Ol 373 5804 •anyitoitej. 

SOUTHF1ELDB M Flo sh luxury 
c nararterl horae. Lge rm. Nr 
tube £190 non. Tel 637 2444 
■dayl 874 7749 vail 18 301. 

SW19 Prof M f. share house and 
garden O r ti 30 pan * «Ws. 
3 mins from tube Trt: 355 
9251 Office 6*3 6898 home 

PARSONS GREEN Ctrl wanted 
o<r in house 1 min lube. Cl 80 
prm 01 736-5160 After 7pm 

CHARMING and reliable persons 
x 2 lo snr twin bedrm in 3 
brdrm marl town sep «U ba- 
sin > Oil Bailerseo So AU 
raclIIIIOS. CM exrt. 01 
228 2365 after 6.30 p m. 
WANTED Friendly outgoing prof 
F 25 N S seeks own dbt rm m 
ronuoriabie flat snare, pref nr 
tube. SWI 3 5 7 WB 11. UP 
to C75 pw Rea unmed. Tel. 
Kathy 01 581 1679 Anytime 
studio bedsn. Plano. Own bath- 
room. in de Ugh If ul cottage. Suit 
rouple £100 per week Includes 
services 947 2523. 

CLAPHAM Prof person lo share 
pleasant house Own Room 
Rent C160 pem + DcOOUl Trt: 
Ol 223 3037 after 6pm 
house. 3rd prof F. n v 2S+. 
O R i large), gdn. CM TV. etc 
£145 pem 01-622 7178 eve 
FINSBURY MM2] rains 
nu- west end Tidy, prof per 
soil, n s. 10 share lux flal with 2 
Fs £190 PCM end 2*3 4308 
FLATMATES Selective Sharing 
Weil estob Inirodurtorv service 
Phe in lor aunt: 01 S8* 5491. 
313 Brompion Road. SWI 
Nr HteaKGATE. Prof M28t. N S 
snare lux flal O R. C H. £45 
pw ♦ share bills. Trt: Day 95* 
86(4. nes 263 7737 
person share Ige house. N 5. 
O R. £160 pem exet. Trt Ot 
870 58*0 

BATTERSEA Prof girl share lux 
mansion flal. O/R. £170 pem 
Trt: Ol 350-1090 answerpnone 
Charming bedstiung rtnj Mon- 
Fn C254.£30pw 01 *31 0993 
CHELSEA. Prof F 25-*- W SIORn- 
Uat. O r. all services £45 p.w 
Telephone 01-362 8375 
CHELSEA SWIO F to snare spa- 
cious matfsoneffe. O B N S 
£170 prm. Tel: 01 552 0736 
CHISWICK prof f 30‘s, n s. o r. 
comtortabk- ch flat, garden. 
£46 DW I nr Ol 994 6283 eves 
CLAPHAM. Lge rtXHti in beautiful 
odn dal lor stn 0 e per or couoie 
CH Tube £5Gpw 01 627 4467 



Required for Harrow based secretarial 
and computing scheme. A demanding and 
challenging position for committed and 
enthustiastic person. Position invoives 
lecturing, counselling, liaison with the pri- 
vate sector, administration of scheme and 
cirrulum development 
Experience and qualification in office 
work and computer technology together 
with proven teaching ability essential. . 
Age: 25 +. Salary: negotiable. 

Please write, enclosing C.V. to: 

Mr S C P Connors 
Managing Director 
A.D.M. House 

5-9 Headstone Road Harrow 
Middlesex HA1 1PL 

Tel : 01 863 0621 

5W3 £ 1 75 p w nett-limi com 
mission warnings. Consul torn 
lor overseas dtv Mon of Rrcndl- 
1 nwnl Agrncy soccialtslng In 
man ralibrr nannies and moth 
m hrlpors for llw rich and 
lamous 4 wwla holiday* p a 
Good mixer. cammunKaior anu 
moinalor Agp 25 36. Plrasr 
rail Ol 730 BI22 for immediate 

Rpghtem* Pmlemoital Brokers 
looking for retired person inter 
«ted in working in busy olfWe 
and handling motor and person- 
al lines. Excellent [ondlilons. 
ncpeilmce essential Con toe] 
Joanna Kaye Lavmonds et 
London NW2. Telephone Ol 
452 6611 

experienced and presentable 
stall fn- their new exclusive 
children's shop Ol 352 4o26. 

THREE TRARfEE Managera re 
a Lured £7.000 neg regulated 
earning icheme ProMWe lint 
year earnings £ 12 . 000 . ling 01 
222 B872 

rarvi remind for London and 
N. Daly Experience mulHks 
Irons not menual. Prrsanattly- 
smart apaearance. acceru more 
important Tel: 01-437 *573. 


several years editing experience 
on fiction -ude. own lyping nec- 
essary Drat with authors 
tom mission books, coordliMlc 
schedules Science I tenon Inter. 
rat a bonus To £10.000 
Covent Carden Bureau. llO 
Fleet SI- EC4 363 7696 

PURE R EC EPTION professional 
company seeks seen presented 
prawn to loin them in thrtr new 
IuxuiKhb Reception, smart Sul 
provided. 19-34 yean. 
CE7-000+ 2 reviews. More de- 
tails 01-583 005S Meredith 
Scott Rerniilnienl 

ITALIAN ' SPK RecepUontsl 
draifteeJ Meal fob for young. 
smart well presented person 
Some typing atniuv esacfUial- 
Paragon Language ConaOi -580 

pecks A presOOHininternalloh 
at firm with superb City atiicm 
seeks an rtfment retepuoti«i 
ADKiranb should be in incur 
20 s. be well Toenwd and well 
RMfeen and ana* m handle tM- 
lors pleasantly and imetuaentty 
Share duties with one. outer 
Call Lorrame Hindmarsh *05 
6148 KHwiiand Perv Com 

NT. TELECOMS 10 C8^00 live- 
'■ pressumed drpt Mm. “O' 
level maths * uuc bookkeep- 
ing 30 AG. Apply The 
Rertuibnenl Company Ol 83l 

23 - 30 

Poise and presentation 
combined with a confi- 
dent telephone manner 
is of prime importance 

when dealing with the 

clients of this Ctty hold- 
ing company, ideally 
you wffl have Monarch 
switchboard experi- 
ence. £7,900 plus 23 
days hols and l .Vs. 



background, a pouuve penon- 
aim- and 24+7 OmsulUutts 
needed for our expanding srat re 
tonal and banking 
(onxiiibuidn placing vecretar 
In and UP operaion in 
permaneni kite Salary package 
03000+-+ Call Lyn Cecil on 
439 7001 

INT E RE S T E D M fOOOT Atlrac 
live Cllv deHcatestere. require 
enthusUviK vnop xtoff to veH 
chee+r-.. rtiarctucrw. grocerm. 
prnwred food Rto« Jane on 
627 2770 


SW - Varkxa 1 Bed Ifals tbf 

short -long MS. E 150/5500 
SWT Dujfex MtD am w- 
race. 2 BM. 2 Bim RK8D 
& K. Uw of Gflra £275 
WB flat mill garage. 3 M. 
Lta Ha«p wth hrepbea. 
K328 Fum.'imliiRi £375 
SWI Dssgoas Home. 
CotelM & Fnwtet dscor 2 
Bed. Recap. K/Omette. 
B. £375: 

noise vntti targe Bon. 5 
Bed. 4 Ram K. 2 B. Bod 
Garden Dtffi Garaoe. Fum/ 
untum. £650. 

01-589 5481 


KENSINGTON. Bonn drt imi 4 
N'drw bw I mi'li Jin- JwnJ Uw 2 
rtsTanl rvxvp lu> Vu. ' laihv ffc 
y+iekil pin I nlun (hjll p* 
GOLOEKS GREEN. Bril luaml 
%8a tamih hw 4 hfUrriix 4 nxvp 
Vi) all nuh hath lit pin I tat- 
lutw t > * n* 

tmtBLEDON. Vu turn .1 IWhw. 
K<v.-p Li. halh at. pin IV mipv 

Kjuiliu !Vll p* 

RELSIZE PAWL ' hnlnn Jpi Pop- 
ular ana. Keivp. Lib lai pMil 

iftlik- IN? r* 

01 499 5334 

Pend louse on 3 Dun wta m- 
mense owns and character ctee to 
Knas Rd 4 beds. 2 reaps. 2 bams. 
WC and Melon - an macnmes De- 
bgntfui landscaped waled paoo/ 
gamen. suuble to surma enter- 
tanra Funshed or unlumsMU. 
Stott and Uifl Ms UOQ + m* 

01 930 7321 


We haw a supem sefecuw ol per- 
sonalty inspected ttamsned and 
imfunsbed properties m many fne 
Reudemoi (bsmos. tangng Irom 
E ISO pw u E2XQ0 pw. 


Tel: 01-4MS8 8926 


Luxury ground floor interior 
drsiqnnl rial i ante bed. bath 1 
m suite. 1 Mhgte bed + bath, 
atm- rrrrpi. American kli Pra 
vato patio Arms lo rranroun 
pardons Avail 3 months. £*6Q 

pw inclus Goo. Jos! in. Of 361 


CHELSEA. Well sited restau- 
rants. late nighi snopotng. 
Fumuhnl studio and l bed flats 
Irom Cl 60 pw. Min l monin 
Lotting OH ice. Nell Gwynn 
Horae. Sloanc- Av . London 
*»W3. Ol 58* 8317. telex. 
916358 NGHLON. 

bed HaL close lo Regmls Park \ 
ronvm lo city west End Hal 
ronv. lounge diner, fully lilted 
kll and bain, newly lurnntied. 
irw ttnm. gas at. all toil Pro- 
vided. Must be seen £166 pw 
Tel 01 584 1419. 

HENSMGTON Luxury garden flat 
tastefully turnshed. vers- well 
equipped, large receplion. l 
double bedroom, gas- r h. Colei 
preferred. EiSOpw Trt: Haley 
on 104381 367891 

HIGHBURY 2 Bed Lux Flal. Roof 
Terr Quirt Tubr/Bus. CUV + 
W/Elld 0460 pem 01 -9500737 
PUTNEY 3 people to share rial l 
dole rm £35 pw each, l single 
rm £40 pw. Trt. 01 788-4796 
SW1B Prof M/F 25+ N.'S m 
share gdn flM O/P £145 non 
rmrl Ol 6*2-6856 ah 630 pm 
SW*. M F. ‘ N S. or in 
ronmtortobto flal share nr lube 
£50 pw + bUH. 01-835 1120. 
W2 Prof person to share Lne tlal 
O B. own phone ? mins lube A 
Hyde Pk. £60pw tod 243 1785 
in friendly house, for prof m I 
£125prm exei. Ol 946 2526 
WIMPOLC ST Lge o rm in lux 
too nr tlal Ail mod com. M F 
CoS pw excl Ol 936 0204 

All makes. Best prices 

Barry Halllday 

0992 59021 

Auusuch [UK] Ud. Henfbrd 


811 CARRERA SPORT Cabriolet 
84 horv coathwork wiih Blue 
im. fsh immaculate condition 
£24.500 Trt: 0296 748295. 



from stock-neasr phone for lal- 
est uiformaDon 0733 31 221 3. T 




Notice of Approval of Transfer 
Nonce is hereby mven under Ser 
lion 51i5< of the Insurance 
Companies Act 19B2 IhOI llw- Sec 
man of Stole, hai ing conwdered 
an apobralion irom Si Paul Fire 
and Marine Insurance Company 
lor his approval of a transfer of 
certain nc-neral business to Cigna 
Insurance Company of Europe- 
SA NV . has approved the 

Nonce of the appfiction was nub- 
Itsned in The Times on 9 April 

Department of Trade and 
. industry 

July >986 



Notice of Approval of Transler 
Notice Is hereby given under Sec 
lion 51-51 01 IM Insurance 

companies Acl 1982 that Uw Sec 

retort of Stole, having cwskjered 
an apptlraiMin Irom HOME IN- 
approval of * trawW of rfftaln 
gnmrl business lo Cigna Inuir 

aiitr Company of Europe SA NV . 
han approved Ih# lianMff 
Nciirp ol ihr appHcaiion wf pub- 
luhrd m The Tlmra on 9 April 

WMrtmfnl ol Trad* and 
JtiW 1986. 


001628 of 1985 
dated [he 8th day of November 

M^Painrk Granville White of 
Booth, while A Company. 1 
Wardrobe Place. Carter Lane. SJ. 
Pauls. London. EC*V 5AJ has 
hren appwnted Uautdalor of me 
abovr named company wilhguta 

Committee of Inapfcuon. 

□aied dirt 27th day of June f 9S6 

legal notices 

TORS LIMITED. By Order of 
THE HIGH COL RT dated the 27 
November I9B5. Neville Ctkh-y 

FCA of 542. Brwh'on Road, 
south Croydon has been aptxnni 
ti d uuuicuior « the above-nanird 
'comnanv with wllhoal a Com 
mints' of Imperil on 
paled I July 1986 

cmr ol THE HIGH COURT dated 
Ute 10 QclOOer 1985 Neville 
ErUey FC.A of 332. Brtghion 
Road. South Croydon has Been 
appomted IMuktoiorol Ihe above 
runned rompony with wiihoui a 
Commlllee Of inspection 
Doled l July 1986 



Require negotiators to be 
based in both ol our busy 
Hampstuad and Knghtsbndge 
o trices. Previous experience 
desirable, but nxnvaiiott and 
willmgnB&5. to wort, hard ot 
more importance. Good basic 
salary, commission/bonus 

scheme, car allowance and 


Please write wtmtuB c v. &■ 
Mark Broomtield 
9 Heath St 
Hampstead, London NW3 

|^01-629 6604, 


in small purpose built block. 
Terrace, garden, video enirv 
phone, porter, convenient Re- 
gents Park and mam line 
Ha itons. Suit Professional 
Couple or Company Lfl. 
£170 per week. 

Tel:01 387 9626 



mod FAMILY HOUSE In tiuilr 
rul d.' sar wiih garage, garden 
roof u-r rare 4 beds. 5 bdftw. 2 
rer. Ideal Co Lrt Furnlsned or 
unfurnished L560 pw 
ArKmlard 3 Co Ot 727 6663 


Urtre luxury furnished flat 3 
hods. 2 rorens. kitchen and 2 
oaths 1 1 en vullni. nas CH. Chw 
■Ml appiunm Long lei pref 
CSSOpw Trt 01 -629 6102 '!■ 

BELGRAVIA. DeUghUulb stylish 
brand new mews house. 2 
rrrepv 2 dMe beds. 2 bains, kit. 
ulllllv room A garage Long Co 
lrt £c>75 pw Goddard 3 Smith 
Ol 950 7521 

SELSIZE PARK. MW3 Super b fn 
tenor designed Itol 2 Dble 
Beds. Bath. Dbte Rereps. FT Kii 
Patio. Compans Lei £22£pw 
AnsroraUe A Rlnglana Ol 722 

flal m luxury block CH CHW 
Porterage C3^50pa exrt 9 
year k-ave irenew-ablei Ouatltv 
fixtures k rillln*. £53000 
Ctoiden A Stuart. 937 3165. 

SWI Deughliu! garden flat m *e 
runted mews Mirrored 
Rerep Omer opening onlopalto 
garden 1 Dote Bed. Bath. krt. 
C225pw Cerates 828 B2S1 

FULAMM RO SWIO. newly dec I 
nediiai Avail now 6 months + 
Colei tl40pw Geo Joslui Ol 
551 0621 

kit and gain, sunny tu front. 5 
mins Oxford Street. WI 
£195 00 pw Tel Ol 936 3393. 

W2 PORCHESTCR SQ Attractive, 
soanous 2 Bed maa Lge Kitcn. 
Unrig. 1 ‘ ■ Baths £165pw 9 
ninths 221 2615 iTi. 

CHELSEA Lux dbte bed. recep. 
kn. hath hist floor llat 
£200 00 pw Trt 01 748 8119 

ST JAMES’S. Baicnetor I bed flal 
in prestige location In small 
Muck witn llll. Mod roc cp. kit 
and bath Short lei £250 pw 
nx C H H.W Goddard A 
Strain. 01 930 7321 

ST JOHNS WOOD 600 vd& Amen 
ran school. L’nfurn 3 Beds with 
hum in wardrobes 2 Baths with 
-Owes Cloak rm. Kll 22'xia 1 all 
..up's Breakfast bar 2 Intercom 
Hereto 34'xt5“ Parking. 

■ MOpw- iTi 499 9981 tE.vesi 
670 4703 

lux Itots houses £200 CIQOO 
pw Lsual fees neg. Phillips 
Kai k Lewis. South of me Park 
CTtetsca Office. 01-552 8111 or 
Norm of the Park Regent's 
Park office. 01-586 9882. 
BAYSWATE tt. Wi Well lur 
lushed low nnouse on 4 Hoots 3 
Bedrooms. Spar Reeep with 
Balcony 2 Baths. Fully 
equipped Kll. south facing Gdn. 
Suit lamily Co Vrt £*50pw 
Around Town Ol 229 9966 
PROFESSORS <2 Couptesi Seek 
short term iet of comfortable 
llat In Central London From 
25th Orf to 15th Nov Please 
Phone tin School of America 
0223 317024 days nr Eves 
qrcal'-r ILexibtlily Obtain your 
lur nil ure for snort or long term 
tels on cun unique hire service 
Ring Mr Mlihael Norburi 
John Slrand tonlrarls Ltd Tel 
Ol 485 Holt 

MfUOA VALE beaiuiifuL spanous 
and si ii ii it designer Hal leceiitly 
reiurbtsh-d 2 dble beds, large 

kiunqe. superb kilcnen dining 
loom fully equipped 

Porli-i cnlryphone 3 6 

mon ins C2 2 5 pw 01 284 4402 
SMITH ST. SW3. Nevlv dec 2 
neq l-j fir Flal. CH hit gas * 
r leaning nu Co M-l only 
LI . 500 pi ni lor 6 mlhx + 
Shnrl tels 61 neg Avail from 

Aug T«1 Tracy or Rowena 01 
©29 2791 Mon Fri No agrnrs 
Second noor flal with 2 dbte 
bed nm. large silling rm. kileh 
en dining rm. path rm and 
shower rm. study, root terrace 
Avail now. long let L300 pw 
nrq Maskells: Ol 581 2216 
l tonal 2 Bed itol in period hse 
Light spanous Reccp. Bath. A 
bhowrr Rm. mod F F Kll 
H.siwr dry er £3QOpw 

Bejih-mi A Reeves 938 3522 
fully equipped 2 bed flat 5 mins 
Keiininqton lube ideal location 
tor Cilv or W End Very good 
v arue f.l 10 pw for long co tei 
BHrnmuhs. 351 7767 
KINGS REACH. 5E1 Famasur lo- 
r.iiMfi for this 2 bed p b flat 
Large Rerep Mad Kit 6 Bain 
Ctpa- Transport A Theatre 
C825PW- Benham & Reevrs 
938 3522 

KINGSTON MIX. SeaiAifully lur 
itivned 5 bed bouse, drawing 
rm. oui rm. kii. oath, ensune 
tfuwrr. parking mace. Cl .000 

pem Min 1 vr (07341 699747 
■day i 665283 •evosi 
curt on I IV seeking good quality 
rental accommodation In 
central London for waning 
cArnpanv fenanls Ol -937 9681 
BARNS BURY RISC (urn semi 
basement rial Bedrm. Kitchen, 
dining area, living cm. Non 
smokers opty Suit young rou 
pie LB8 5O0W Ol 607 38*2 
JruerJor rtesjqned 2 bed Uai ctoen 
plan living area. G as ch. small 
Pdtin. suil couple Cl 25 pw Trt' 
1 to Ltd Ol 949 2482 
FULAHM. Prom 1 bed 1 recep 
Hal with (uno Bm kiichen. 
Vv irihiiiq machine Idert couple 
yvilh long ro lei £95 pw 
Buriuium 351 7767 
HOLLAND PARK DetomilUl spa 
rid in 2 Dble Bfd flal In tom 
Trad fum & decor Kit A Bath 
v. iib to' M CJRGpiv Benham * 
Reevrs 9>N 3522 
tori Bairs a. Co have a taige 
xirrlion 01 flats avail fOC 
UOOpu :or 1 week + 01-499 


Charming 2 Bed manonette 
with gdn in St Pauls Court 
c i65o tv me (fongiefi. Nosnar 
rrs 675 IB9p (Ti 
AMERICAN Bank urgently re 
warn luxury Hats and house* 
trnni £200 £1 000 pw Ring 
Burgess Estate AgmisStn Slie 

The Letfing Agent 



,M A?yS: i uST. P.\ iiSON 


A pretty garden fiat Situ- 
ated in the heart ol 
Chelsea. Comprising: 1 
twin bedroom, dining 
hall, reception room, 
kitchen and bathroom. 
Available for Com- 
pany/hoiiday lets at 
£300 per week 25 Ju)y 
to 30 Septemtef 1986. 

01-730 8748 

E Pfaza Estates 


An Bttnmety attractive newly 
dBcorated flat lunvsbal n Coo- 
tonpnaiy Style. 2 Ms, Mh. 
recep. fat. pan. Long La. 
£250 pw 


A debjKU spacaus me*ra flat 
m exetfflera confitna 3 beds, 
bath. teep. W. Log Let £275 pw. 

01-724 3100 



For the best 
selection of fine . 


in prime London areas. 

Contact Roauiuaiy Mcarthuc 

01-244 7353 

Ms We havraiargrsrtcclionof 
luxury- l .2.5.4 bedroom rials 
with maid srrvin- Intrraor to 
signed and n-nlraUv located, 
ftngrto Williams Ol 258 3669 

mil nousr atatlabte for short 
tei in i-xn-lteni ioralion 4 Bads. 
2 Baths. 2 Rrrrps. FF KllChCfl 
C?.OOCbw Ansrombr A 
Rlngland 01 225 1972 


smari. iiqhi. win flat I dm 
bed. bath. Ml. rrrepl Avail 
now 6 months + Co In. £160 
pw On Joslln Ol 3£l 0821 

HOLIDAY FLATS Suiter S C flats 
at Kras, Sto'5 Stud to-, from 
Cl 96 1 Bad Irom £235 & 2 
Brds from £575. Ull House 
keeper CH Ot 589 *566. 

KENSINGTON SW5. Fully fum 
v r vud<t studio and 1 dbte bed 
Dali with oaen plan lounge, 
kii <un. bain, com gum. Co let 
irom £1 15 pw 01 72052121T) 

. a rvi-ruilm urgently seek 
quality nrooeriiesi ui an central 
West London arms For alien- 
non please ring 01 938 3425 

PARSONS GREEN room's avail 
able in house Newly 
decorated lilted 2 mins lube 
Phone orrtriaMi berwren 6-8 
pm 01 58* 6815 or 3tto 8652 

dr, i bed Hal with Patio and 
access to private cotnmun oar 
dens Co let LI 70 pw negl 
Geo JOsUn Ol 351 082) 

ISLINGTON Family IM. Willi gar 
den. 4 tteds. 2 recep £125 pw 
19 July 30 Aug. 01 607 8379 

AVAILABLE NOW Luxury flats A 
houses Chelsea. KnighMwKlgr 
Betaravia C200 CJ.OOOpw 
Tel Buigry. 581 5136. 

SEHR A BlITCHOFF for luxury 
pr ooerties in 51 Johns Wood. Re 
enLs Park. Maida Sale. Swiss 
C oll * Ha mpstead Ol 586 7661 
HAMPSTEAD unique cottage 
Miin garden, did bed. lounge 
kll. ball), cn. VVM £150 PC pw 
CaU 01 45S 5769 
HEY COCK A CO 8 siudio > bed 
Hals Kensington Chehra area 
Available now 0*0 Cl 50 pw 
l ong lei 584 6863 
HOLLAND PARK. S C semi bml 
studio flat Period house Quirt, 
allraruve Fully turn C H. mrl 
Long tel £100 pwk. b03 51 10 
niosi luxurious long short tef 
apis, lwk Ivt 1 8 bedrooms 
to T P Ol 935 9512 
Cfov toimbiedon station 
Bright l bed llal £400 pm Ol 
946 5110 

flat Garage k Parking. Adia 
cent T names £760 pem No 
Agents Co Lef Ol 2233347 
IfWl- Hegeno 1 Crescent nr too 
Slv lish new S room flal 
Ansaphone. video £185 P.w 
Trt 01 72B 9276 

3 bed 2 nalti. newly dec house, 
uw. udn. C3CO pw neq WTP 

01 935 9512 

PUTNEY. Lot iyv i bedrm run. foe 
i ms. well equiped Avail imme 
di.ilelv Ll lO P w Trt Ol 788 

ST JOHNS WOOD nr sin 1 bed I ox 
Itol rsewli fum Mod lal bain. 
Tv L150pw A 1 bed flat £120 
uvv cn lei pref TrtOl 221 1359 
SWI. WARWICK SQ. Affrarflve 

2 bed Itol Avail l*lh July lor 3 
months Cl 50 pw Trt- 0892 

937 9881 The number lo remem 
te-i when seeking ben rental 
properties in central and prime 
London areas £1 50 f £3.0D0pw 
TWO SUPERB unfurnished luxu- 
ry Hals for Company lets In 
SW* Rent CSO per week Ap 
ply Ol 402 B366 
WI Cleoanl 2 BM ftof m prestige 
Work Avail lor long Co lei 
£ SOOtov Allenl Bales & Co *99 

ACADEMICS VKflHC. nail nr 

I. nivectoly A Bril Museum Hrt 
en toalMHi & Co 580 6275 
BARONS CT WX4. Superb new 
}si nr hair itol Wash marl) 
£!25pw Co lei OL 937 9681 
dautrk- rwf ftof Fully eguiPrtt 
Ull OM TV Tel 01 79* 8660 
CHELSEA L 19*11 lux balcony llal 
DWi- bed recep- tills, porters 
£1*5 pw- Long tel 622 5825 
CHELSEA Co let Gdn sq Lovrty 
liav S r 2 cm Hal K A B e 
Palm CI75pw Ol 584 2555 
CHELSEA. Deiigniful 2 bedroom 
Hal. should bn M-efl £325 Jw 
Andre Laruuvie 22S 0352 
CHELSEA brand new flal I urn 
wiih 1 axle Recep. bed. k & b Co 
Lei U 6 S p w Ol 3S2 6799 
ltd New fmmar £120 Cl 40 
pw lelOl 997 9519 
FULHAM. Lovely, sunny grd II 
Itol 1 double bed. odn £120 
p n CO fef prrf 01 731 1287 
GREENWICH Luxury bedsit, own 
barn * mitri London £76 pw 
met TrtflI-692 0961 
Week lo 3 Months Irom C300M 
£3.000 pw 01 937 9681 
KENSINGTON Deligfiiful 3 bed 
1 urn house SlUdV onlo Odn CO 
lrt L350 PVx 937 6126 
MARBLE ARCH Mews cm laoe 2 
double beds Outet Location 
1350 pw Tel-OI 286 8260 
HEDCL1FFC S*L Sparmuv quirt 
1>4 III llal. rrerp. bed. 1 A b Co 
l«1 £175 pw Ol M 2 of* 
RICHMOND 'KEW 4 beds mod. 
11118. town toe Nr lube. Krw 
udns C285 pw 01 947 1 566 
S4 JOHNS WOOD 2 beds, iv . sips 

4 d avail 10 - mm jin £200- 
£250 Pto Trt 01 3*6 361 1 

Sws sunny, i bed ffai. newly 
dec 111 udn sq 3rd II £i20pw 
Ol 5S2 8806 

SWS RIVERSIDE Spaemus 1^1 
siudio sop sleep area. CISOdk- 
Hi*1 GCH CHW 01 937 9681 
WALTON STREET. 1 bedroom 
flat Srborl long lei. E2DO 
U27S pw Tel 01 581 573* 
KEN F F Chjrmmg Jux J 
?v1e_ aMr ‘ oTaokmg Cdn 
CltUBW m* 675 LH96 1 T 1 
W HAMPSTEAD 1 e I urn 1 bear 
* 1 dtier. own 

BlHHte £85 pi* 794 96*2 





Top colts head for Ascot showdown ^ p uts 


on road to 

By Dick Hinder 

Dancing Brave's over- 
whelming victory in 
Saturday's Coral-Eclipse 
Stakes at Sandown Park mere- 
ly whetted the appetite Tor that 
mouth-watering rematch with 
his Epsom conqueror. 
Shahrastani. in the King 
George VI and Queen Eliza- 
beth Diamond Stakes on July 

Ascot will provide the per- 
fect stage for another major 
confrontation between these 
two mighty three-year-old 
colts, and the culmination to 
one of. the most highly- 
charged Derby debates in 
classic history. 

Bookmakers' reaction to the 
Ascot showdown was mixed. 
.As a match. Corals offered 4-5 
Shahrastani to beat evens 
Dancing Brave. Ladbrokes 
were more emphatic, quoting 
4-7 Shah ra5tani. 1 1-8 Dancing 
Brave while Hills offered 1 j- 
10 against either of the pair 
winning the event, without 
even pncing Petoski and other 

What a sparkling occasion it 
would be if the French could 
be persuaded to bring over 
their classic- gem. Bering, to 
provide the perfect European 

Khaled Abdulla, Dancing 
Brave's most sporting and 
competitive owner, clearly rel- 
ishes the chance of revenge, 
and while he was greeting his 
Lyphard colt in the winner's 
enclosure, his trainer. Guy 
Harwood, threw down the 
gauntlet, declaring: “The King 
George has always been the 
plan and I'll be sutprised if it is 

Grevilie Starkey gave one 
salute and a touch of his cap in 
response to a warming ova- 
tion from the crowds but. on 
dismounting, remained tight- 
lipped to the press and hurried 
away to the weighing room 
without pausing for breath. 

Our senior jockey must 
have been a relieved man for 
he rode a copy-book race on 
the Eclipse winner. There was 
one anxious moment two 
furlongs from home when 
Triptych, taking over the run- 
ning from Bedtime, cut off the 
intended path of Dancing 
Brave, but Starkey bided his 
time, switched the Pulborough 

Eckley can strike 
again swiftly 
with Mrs Sauga 

Victory salute: Grevilie Starkey raises his whip hand in triumph as Dancing Brave powers home in the Eclipse Stakes 

colt around the French filly 
and once he had time to 
lengthen his stride. Dancing 
Brave galloped clear for an 
emphatic four-length victory . 

Gearly noticeable, howev- 
er. was Dancing Brave's lack 
of immediate acceleration. 
Just as in the Derby, he hung 
fire before Starkey was able to 
place him in overdrive, but 
once in frill cry what a 
marvellous spectacle he is. 

This Achilles’ heel was ad- 
mitted by Harwood, who said: 
“He always wants a while to 
quicken up and that is why I 
have never regarded him as a 
natural miler. He does not go 
instantly." Then, tongue-in- 
cheek. the trainer said “I still 
think he’s a pretty good colL" 

Harwood had been con- 
cerned about the overnight 
rain which left the Sandown 

ground patchy and stated 
that good fast ground would 
be the ideal requirement for 
Dancing Brave at' Ascot. 

The 2,000 Guineas winner, 
with a value of S20m. has 
already been syndicated as a 
stallion to stand at the 
Dalham Hall Stud, Newmar- 
ket. His owner has retained 12 
shares. Sheikh Mohammed 
and his brothers a further 12, 
and 16 have been sold at 
£350.000 each. 

One cannot help but admire 
Harwood whose public con- 
duct has been exemplary since 
Epsom. Privately, there has 
been talk of black moods and 
lonely treks across his 
downland gallops. The Eclipse 
triumph may not have erased 
the memory of that bitter 
Derby defeat but it might 
have softened it 

Meanwhile, back in the 
Shahrastani camp, his trainer, 
Michael Stoute, said yesterday 
that he is likely to confirm the 
participation of his dual [Der- 

by scorer in the King George 

after he has spoken to his 
owner, the Aga Khan, at 
Newmarket's July meeting. 

Stoute said that Shahrastani 
had come out of his Irish 
Derby victory really well and 
also reported that Shardari 
will take on last season's King 
George winner. Petoski. in 
tomorrow's Princess of 
Wales's Stakes. 

Sandown should not pass 
without a mention of that 
hardy warrior. Morgans 
Choice who, belying his nine 
years, wore down the front- 
running Sugar Palm for a 
marvellous success in the two- 

mile Commonwealth Handi- 

Although Mill On The Floss 
was beaten by the Jim Bolggr- 
trained Park Express in the 
Lancashire Oaks, Henry Cecil 
still captured the Old Newton 
Cup with Rakaposhi King, 
who was originally bought as a 
lead horse for Slip Anchor. 

The Warren Place trainer is 
mounting a 13-horse challenge 
at his local meeting and has 
high hopes that Gwydion. who 
had a bout of pleurisy, will 
acquit herself well in 
Thursday's six-furlong July 
Cup. Make a note, too. of a 
pair of highly rated two-year- 
olds on Wednesday — Martha 
Stevens in the Cecil Boyd- 
Rochfort Maiden Fillies 
Stakes .and Sheikh 
Mohammed's Suhailie in the 
Bernard van Cutsem Stakes. 

From our Irish Racing 


Pat Eddery 1 . who currently 

riding with tremendous con- 
fidence. completed ? ct T ?®~ xer 
treble at the Phoenix Park on 
Saturday, but Irish racegoers 
are now resigned to the probabil- 
ity that this will be b» last 
reason to be retained by Vincent 
O'Brien. , , 

There are certain contractnal 
arrangements still to be sorted 
out before Eddery can become 
first jockey to Khaled Abdulla 

■ with the position at Ballydoyle . 
under offer to the French-based 
American Cash Asmusswu 

The highlight of the E«Merj 
treble was a neck win on Sarah 
in the Pacemaker Inter n a ti o n al 
Stakes over Brent Thomson’s 
mount. Esquire. 

Sarab wound up a wen- - 
supported 7-4 favourite and in 
an effort to catch him unawares 
Thomson drove Esquire into the 
lead and was several lengths in 
front turning for home. When 
Sarab emerged out of the pack 
one would have laid long odds on 
an easy win. but Esquire stuck 
well to his task 

The only home-trained runner 
in an all-Arab owners finish was 

■ Nashamaa. but he w as 2 Vi 
lengths farther away without 
giving his backers any cause for 
optimism during the race. 

The other two Eddery winners 
both came in handicaps on 
three-year-olds. Imposing and 
Mitsubishi Vision, trained by 
John O.vx. . 

The one .bit of bad lock for 
Eddery centred on a stalls 
failure, prior to the Mr ami Mrs 
Steven Peskoff race. Acushla 
had eventually to be shifted to an 
outside stall and this may have 
meant the difference between 
victory and defeat as she bad no 

company when trying to get on. 
idon To 

terms with London Tower. In 
victory 1 London Tower was 
crediting his trainer, Dermot 
Weld, with bis 1,100th winner in 

David O'Brien produced his 
first two-year-old runner of the 
season. Flawless Image, and she 
lived up to her name with a 
runaway six-length success over 
Highly Rated in the Ardrums 
House Stud Malden. O' Brien 
bad given $300,000 for this filly 
by the double Derby winner The 
Minstrel on behalf of Sheikh 

Malcolm Eckley. who Has 
done so well under both codes 
with Bold Illusion, added an- 
other winning string to his bow 
last ‘Wednesday when Mrs 
Sauga justified strong support in 
a 19 -runner Warwick handicap- 
The Shropshire trainer wastes 
no lime in bringing her out 
again and this progressive filly is 
napped to defy a penalty in the 
Highgaie Handicap at Wolver- 
hampton this evening. 

Formerly with Nick Vigors 
and John Bosley. Mrs Sauga 
displayed good speed on a 
number of occasions at two and 
three but she has shown marked 
improvement since joining 
Eckley this spring. 

Having her first run for three 
months, this daughter of 
Derrylin beat all except the 
speedy Music Machine at War- 
wick 16 days ago and she 
stepped up on that effort when 
returning to the Midlands track 
last week. Sieve Cauthen bring- 
ing her with a well-timed run to 
beat Native Ruler by a decisive 
two lengths. 

Despite the fact that Native 
Ruler could have opposed my 
nap on 91b better terms here, his 
connections have detlined the 
rematch and that looks' sound 
judgment. Walter S win burn 
takes over the ride from the 
champion jockey and the new 
partnership should have too 
much finishing speed for the 
Wolverhampton winner. First 

The frustrating Shibil can 
provide Swinbum with the sec- 
ond leg of a treble in the 
Kingswood Slakes half an hour 
earlier. Michael Stoute's Shetgar 
colt has reached the frame in 
each of his six races and will 
appreciate the return to 116 
miles after failing to stay 
Newbury's extended 1 3 furlongs 
last time oul 

Dhoni. who finished eighth in 
that Newbury race, won by 
White Clover, has plenty of 

By Mandarin 

already' worked out well , with " 
Manimstar (seepnd). Our Jock 
(fourth), and Pnnce Sky (IQth) 
all. winning in the last W days. 
M Pontefract this afternoon. 
Boot Polish can further under- 
line the value of -that race- by 
winning the Linpac. Sprint 

Bill Watts's four-year-oRi Was . 

a fast-finishing eighth rn.the 

Wokingham and. should, again 
have the measure of Sailor's 
Song (fOthl and AJ Thii (14tfi) . 
on identical terms. _ _r • y 
Olivier Douieb has] -fad -a' 
"disappointing season -io dine, 
but has sound prospects m-ibe. 
Pontefract Maiden Mile 
Championship (fourth qualifier): 
with Card Played, who iy ex- 
pected to step up on- her -debut 
second to Chief Pal arWanvicfc 

Douieb fntfoduces'. ah m- L ' 
teresiing newcomer in The 
Taleteller at Windsor this ev&y 
ning (9.5). but slight preference : 
here is for the treble-sedans, 
Chinoiserie. who- was placed 
with customary apfombbyXuea 
Cumani to score ax Yarmouth* 
and Brighton last month. -, 
Saturday's Sandown winner,' 

- Silent Majority, makes a rapid 

reappearance in the Kowloon. 
Bay Handicap and is difficidt to 
oppose. His trainer. .- Bill ' 
O’Gorman, also saddles 
Bestpian in the Falmouth Bay_ 
Stakes and his exceptional early, : 
pace -should enable him to 
maintain his unbeaten record ax 
the principal expense of My 
Isabel. ' - : . . . 





■ ",-r. • • 

Sift*- " . 

' . # > y 

iSrr . 


a-aT-"- — - 

scope and should get off the 

mark in the Joseph Sunlight 
Cup. His trainer. Dick Hern, has 
an excellent strike rale here and 
he should also be on the mark 
with his only other runner. 
Spotter (6.35), who shaped well 
on her Newbury debut behind 
Interval and is taken to set' the 
Swinbum treble rolling. 

The form of the Wokingham 
Stakes at Royal Ascot has 

Another sound investment. at 
the Thamesside. trade , is Lodi 
Seaforth (7.35), who does 1 not 
look highly tried on -his first 
venture in handicap company 
and should complete his. treble. 

Henry's Venture also; chases ' 
his third successive win in the 
Le Garcon d'Or Handicap; ai : 
Edinburgh . but . may-, find 
Pergoda. a standing disb «L4jhe 
Scottish course, barring his way. 



djpl . 

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Procter suspended 

Brian. Procter was suspended 
for seven days after being found 
guilty of careless riding -on. 
Bedrock in the Southmead 
Maiden-Claiming Stakes at Bath 
on Saturday. His suspension 
.will run -from July 14-21. 
inclusive. •• 


for top 


9 -100 BOOT POLISH |D|JW Walls 4-8-10.... N Connortoo 10 

10 0002 TOBERMORY BOY (DlRWtuaker 9-0- 1 0 0McKcown9 

11 004) CALIPH {BJJGtow MM — 12 

Going: good to firm 
Draw: 5f-6f, low numbers best 

12 -001 KEATS (fa) Jimmy Pitzgerato 4-8-4 MBM13 

14 3220 MARY MAGUIRE (D)DW Cti 

Y-O: £1 .417: 5f) (10 runners) 

3 BINGOONBULDBtSB McMahon 8-11.... JHBBs(5)9 

6 04 HOMING MG Hufferfr-tl — — S 

2 KYVEROALE M Ryan B-11 PHofakmnlO 

fw Chapman 9-8-1 


15 -000 RARAOmilC-Ol BMcMahon 44-1 ...... AMackajl 

1? 1300 DLE TIMES (D)WBsey 4-7-12 JLmrafl 

19 0013 YOUNG BRUSS(BF)JEmmngion 4-7-9.. SDamon3 

3-1 Hilton Brown. 11-2 RavaUs. Young Brass. 7-1 kfle 

Times. 8-1 ToOermory aay. 10-1 Omen Ruby. Keats. Mary 

-Maguire. Sailor's Sang. 12-3 others 

7 2 KYVEROALE M Ryan B-11 T> Hebbiaoo 10 

S 0024 UNPAC NORTH MOOR WEIsey 9-11 — Mldd«y2 
3 NIGHTDRESS □ Money 8-11 CRntler(5)4 


42 POLLY^ SONG (BF) B Hits 8-11 

0 QtEEN MATILDA B Hanfiury 8-1 1 - 

RflXalDIJCTW Wharton 8-11 ..... 

B Thomsons 
— G Baxter 3 
N Carlisle 7 

THAT CERTAIN SMILE RJWUams 8-11 R Cochrane 8 

WILLOWBAIBtS Norton 8-11 JLowel 

7-4 Rally's Song. 7-2 Hommq in. 5-1 KyvorUale. Linpac 

North Moor. 8-1 Queen Mama. 10-1 Thar Certain Smile, 12-1 


Pontefract selections 

By Mandarin 

2.45 Polly's Song. 3. 1 5 Stop The Clock. 3.45 Boot 
Polish. 4.15 Munaasib. 4.45 Card Played. 5.15 
Strictly Business. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.45 Kyverdale. 3.45 Reveille. 4.15 Alkadi. 4.45 
Card Played. 5. 1 5 Arrow Express. 


1 3201 ALKADI W O'Gorman 9-6.. ML Thomas 7 

2 30 IWNAASB (USA} P Watwyn 9-3 Paid Eddery 6 

4 2011 WENSLEYDALEWARMOR (O-D) G Moore 9-3 

D Casey (7)3 

6 0 MON BALZAR A Baiey 8-1 1 -RCodmeS 

8 ON TAP M H EastBrby 8-11 M Stab 4 

9 SUN0RAIS J Glover 8-11 — D MeKaom 2 

12 0q KATE IS BEST M Ryan 84 P Robinson 1 

5-4 Alkadi. 100-30 Wonsteydalewarrior. 13-2 Kata Is Best 

6-1 Munanstb. 12-1 Mon Baizar. On Tap. 25-1 Sunorlus. 

Maiden: £2^22: 1m)(11) 


£847: 1m 4f) (10) 

FINAL AMBER G Wragg 94 S Bridle (7) 3 

-003 HAMLOUL H Thomson Jones 9-0 AMuiey9 

00- MEMTMOORE R Armsnong 94L PTuttIO 

0Q MOZART BHanbury 9-0 G Barter 1 

ER B Haniwy 9-0.. R Cochrane 2 

Paul Eddery 5 

kYED (USA) 0 Dotaeb B-11 — Pat Eddery G 

R Johnson Houghton 8-11 P Hutctmon (3) 4 

26 000- LINPAC MAPLELEAF W Bsoy 8-1 1 J Loire 11 

29 40 PORT PLEASE MHEasterby 8-11 M Bach 7 

32 SWAALEF (USA) ODouMb 8-11 R Machado! 

16 PRAIRIE OYSTER BHanbury 94). t 

20 M2 TURFAH (USA) P Watwyn M P 

23 2 CARD PLAYED (USA) 0 Dowefa 8-11 — I 

1 -000 PINK SENSATION Mrs GRevetey 0-7 DLaadMttsr (5) 4 

2 -000 STOP THE CLOCK M Btansriand 9-6 _NAdams7 

3 4310 FAST AND FRIENDLY Ft HoOnstwXl 9-S SParks2 

5 -000 SON OF ABSALOM C Thornton 9-3 JBtaasdatal 

7 0-00 FOUCSWOOO M Camacho 8-9 — NCormortanlO 

9 0-04 SOLENT BREEZE IN G Turner 88 R Curmrt B 

10 -000 OUR ANWEE Carter 8-7 live* 8 

11 -000 FIRE LORD G M Moore 8-5 DCaa«y(7)3 

13 -204 JULTOWN LAD H Beasley 83 ML Thomas 9 

14 800 MAX CLOWN W Wharton 84 AMacfcay5 

11-10 Fast And Fnantfly. 4-1 Jultown Lad. 11-2 Slop The 

Clock. 8-1 Max Clown. Sotem Breeze. 10-1 FoOrswood. 12-1 


9-4 Card Played. 3-r Lajnata. 13-2 HamiouL Turlah. 8-1 
Prone Oyster. 10-1 Final Amber, SweaW. 16-1 others. 

5.15 HOUGHTON HANDICAP (£1,892: 1m 2f) (13) 

6 0020 ARROW EXPRESS (USA) R Armstrong 89-7 — — 4 

7 009- MIGHTY SUPREME TnkJer ( 

8 -20Q BREGIIET E InOsa 

9 0-00 LEWGATUSJ Toler 4-9-6 




10 3000 GIVING (T ALL AWAY H Beasley 3-9-6 MLHioma* 13 

12 080 ERROL 04ERALD 5 Norton 5-9-3 4 Lowe 3 

3.45 UN PAC SPRINT HANDICAP (£5,963: 6f) (14) 

1 0022 MLTON BROWN PCundeN 5-9-11 CHutt*r(5)2 

2 1000 ALTRUMDIS MeBor 89-9 MWmhsma 

4 0000 SAJLOR’S SONG (C-DJN Vigors 4-M P Cook 5 

5 0040 VALLEY MRJJ8T Barron 654-.— Pm Eddery 7 

6 30-0 GREEN RUBY (USAKC-O) G BaWntg 5-9-2 J W*ams 6 

B 2010 REVBLLE (D) M Jaiw 4-810 . T Ives 14 

14 3200 RUSTIC TRACX (D) Denys Smitti 6-9-1 

DLaedbitmr(5) 12 

15 0009 BEAU DIRE (FR) J Jenkins 3-9-0 NON-RUNNER 1 

16 080 EARL'S COURT R Francis 10-8-13 N Caitrte 11 

17 00-4 STRICTLY BUSINESS R Whitaker 4-813 D McKeown 7 

20 009- SMART MART. (B)M Camacho 7-89-. NCormortonB 

22 00-0 WONGALBAI J Rowlands 5-89 —6 

23 (00- BNMDOmGCahWt 6-89 AShm*s(5)2 



9-4 Arrow Express. 4-1 GhrfngTt AH Away. S-l BregueL 9-1 

l Emerald, Rustic Track. 10-1 Eats Court Smart Man. 12-1 


Going: good to firm 
Draw: 5f-6f, low numbers best 

16 KH) MADEMOMELLE MAGNA (USA) S Norton 80 JLowe 9 

19 00 WHOBEMJHY WHEELS BMcMahon 7-8... NCmftrte 8 

11-4 Nawadder. 3-1 Surfing. 9-2 PeUmko. 13-2 Global. 

to. KM - 

Satiapour. 9-1 Gaaflc Flutter. 10-1 Arcbc Ken. 14-1 others. 


STAKES (2-Y-O: £1.043: 71) (9 runners) 

340 BUNDWEYA(B)H Thomson Jones 8-11 RHBbl 


0 KANDAWGY1DJMSrrflh811 J Reid 8 

00 LLMDY ISLE D Hanley 8-1 1 .. M,Wts*hm4 

MEESON JOSE J Berry 8-1 1 S Morris 3 

0 PHILOWYN D Lama 811 WRSwMxim2 

SO STTUSH G Pntchsrd-Gswdon 8-11 WRyanS 

0 SPOTTER W Ham 811 W R Svrtnbum 6 

00 TROMPEO’OSLJW Payne 811 — 7 










8.35 KINGSWOOD STAKES (3-Y-O: £1,354: 1m 4f) 

6 01 KENANGA H CeO< 83 

7 81 TRAVEL MYSTERY P Wahryr 9-3 

8 800 AOALIYAN R Johnson HoogWon 80.~ 

16 OWE AND A OOUAfl A W Jonas 9-0 .. 


W Ryan 2 
N Howa 9 
A Macfcay 6 

NEESON MORE F Jordan 94 —10 

— _... — « 


8-1 So Stylish. 

Bundukeya. 3-1 Kandawgyl. 7-2 Spotter. 7-1 PHlgwyn, 
Stylish. 181 Trempe d'0«. 14-1 others. 

19 280 MONTBERG1S (FR) R Jucfcas 9-0 

22 0 ROUGH PASSAGE (USA) M Usher 9-0 — MWIghamB 

24 4432 SHBIL(8F}M Stoute 80 WR Swinbum 1 

27 00 TEMPTING SILVER (USA) B HH8 9-0 M HS» 7 

28 000 ALCOA (GBt)C Austin 8-11 J Lowe 3 

34 800 RICHAROS FOtLLY P Baiey 811 — JWWamsS 

2-1 Shibi. 82 Kenanga. 11-4 Travel Mystery. 11-2 
Adalryan. 181 Tempting Saver. 20-1 others. 

Wolverhampton selections 

By Mandarin 

6.35 SpoltCT. 7.5 Sound As A Pound. 7.35 Dhoni. 
S.5 Surfing. 8.35 Shibil. 9.5 MRS SAUGA (nap). 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
6.33 Bundukeya- 7.35 Lie In Wait- 8.5 Nawadder. 

5 .35 Kenanga. 

Michael Seely's selection: 8.5 Surfing. 

9.5 HIGHGATE HANDICAP (£1 .772: Sf) (15) 

2 m- DJANGO (BND) P Arthur 89-10_ J Retog 

3 00Aj BURNING ARROW K Bridgwater 4*-2 — « 

4 -001 FIRST EXPERIENCE (C-Dj P FeigatS 

, 4-81 (i 0 b*)W Ryan 1 

5 -021 MRS SAUGA (D) M Eckley 

4-813 (7ex) W R Swinbun IS 

6 0000 FARMER JOCK (B) Mrs N Macauiay 


00 GUNSWP B McMahon 8H ■ 

Jlffils (5) 4 

« NICHOLAS GEORGE R Hocges 811 -- MWIghaml 
XW3 SOUND AS A POUND (B)MCan»cho 811 . — - -—6 

BY TOE GLEN R Hodges 8B- ZTlW M > 

F1TTHESCRWR Juskes 88 A>Mcfc«y7 

1000 LATE PROGRESS J Berry 8-0 SMonttS 

0 SAUNDERS LASS R Holder 88 S Dawson 3 

1-12 S Whitworth 14 

7 0003 PH&£TAR(BXD)ABatfng5-812- A Macfcay 8 

8 008 BOLD SCUFFLE J P Snwh 8-810 W Woods (3) 6 

10 2000 EECEE TREE (BKBF) J SutcMta 4-810- M Hits 10 

11 080 NAGEM L Banatt 34-1 RHBb5 

13 4)00 ARDENT PARTNER R Holder 87-13 S Damon 12 

15 800 PRIVATE SUE C AuSOn 3-7-11 NCarlisJoZ 

16 4M2 CAPTAIN'S B8X) (B) H Wtubne 87-9 G Carter 13) 3 

17 0304 COMMAM)SR hCADEN (8} D O'DonneB 87-7. . — 13 


19 0000 SMG GAL VO SING P Sevan 87-7 — n 

11-4 Mrs Sauga. 7-2 Fra Experience. 9-2 Fhutstar. 11-2 
Commander Meador. 15-2 Captain's Btod. 10-1 The 
Chabceweil. Eeces Tree. 14-1 others. 

By The Glen. 11-4 Sound As APound. 7-2 Lara 
6. 6-1 Saunder Lass. lO-l Fh The Script & Gunshto. 18 

JOSEPH SUNLIGHT CUP (3-Y-O: £2,477: 1m 

1(4 UE IN WAIT G Precftanl-Gcrion 9-7 „ w Ryan 4 

80 DHONI W Hem 812-..-. - — — ■ BProcMr 3 

004 HURRICAW HENRY M Stoute 812--. WRSwUwm 2 

030 WMLE NATIVE (USjqmSNaresn 81 JL«m5 


7-7 A CDSHM l7| i 

3 Hum no Hairy. 4-1 Nimble Natwo. 82 UfllnWah. 81 
181 Oooen of Swjrds. 

7: 7f) (10) 

122 SATIAPCX* (B) R Johnson HougWm ? ^ ^ 3 

001 PELUNKOftaCfl EBdn>7m« : . a . r . ***2? 
300 SUPER PUN KM F edwrsto«vGodleY_M 

1-30 Gaelic flutter jfhj k Brwsoy 8i ... s whKMrtj i 
034 ARCTIC KDMtaiC NeHon 83 

002 GLOBAL W Uusson M- - 

«H NAWAD0EH (D| BHanbury 84 .. . . .. M«S10 

Today’s course specialists 


TRAINERS: B Hits. 13 wmners trom 42 runners. 309°b. A Jarvis, 
9 from 47. 19.1 V C Thornton. 6 from 32. 18.7V 
JOCKEYS: T Ives. 14 winners from 110 rides. 12.7%; j 
Bleasdate. 6 from 52. 11.5V M Biron. 20 from 185. 10.8^. 


TRAINERS: MiesS Hal. 11 wmnera from 39 runners. 282<Vi'. M 
Prescott, 21 from 76. 27.6^o: I Vieltas. 9 frwh ^ 21 
JOCKEYS: G DufhekL 33 wmnera tram 156 ndes._21.2%; K 
Dartey. 14 from 116. 12.1%: L Chomecfc 12 b*" 11 5- 


TRAINERS: H CfoL 15 winners .from 42 rwwere. MTV W 
O Gorman. 15 from 69. 2S.4V W Horn. 12 Worn 5 £l2|2*. 

JOCKEYS: Pal Eddery. 53 wtnnereffp(n2ffifWM^Z0-®VT was. 

IB from 123. i4evSGautnen.22from 154 14^v 


TRAINERS: W Here. 9 winners from 19 ranms- <7.4%; H Cew, 
14 from 44. 31 -0V S Norton. 8 frtm 3 4,2^ 5V 
JOCKEYS: J Lowe, fffhom 4& 16.7^. (ontyop* tP&W) 

Cauthen triumphs on 
talented German colt 

From Our French Correspondent, Paris 

Aceienango showed that he 
was more than just a big fish in 
the German pool with a decisive 
victory in the Grand Prix de 
Saint-Cloud yesterday. It was 
his find foreign venture and the 
triumph gave him bis ninth 
consecutive success. 

Ridden by Steve Cauthen. the 
German colt was always dose 
up. look over from Walensee 
with two furlongs to run and was 
driven hard to go dear of Saint 
Estephe. He was in command 
from the distance and stayed on 
strongly to beat the Coronation 
Cup winner by two lengths. 

Noble Fighter was third and 
Altayan. ninner-up 10 Bering in 

the Prix du Jockey-CTub, fourth, 
just in front of the one British 
representative, St Hilarion. 

Acatenango will remain at 
home for the Grosser Preis von 
Berlin, on July 27. and the Aral- 
Pokal. on August 17. He was not 
entered for the Arc but he may 
well join the field at the supple- 
mentary stage on September 30. 

• Gary Carter rode his first 
pattern race winner in Germany 
on Saturday. Carter partnered 
Sylvan Express, trained by 
Philip Mitchell to victory in the 
group three, American Express 
Pokal Sprinter Preis at 

Lim finds worthy replacement 

Penang Beamy, whwn Malay- 
sian owner Albert Lim bought 
for 5.500 guineas a month ago, 
scored first time out at Haydock 
Park on Saturday, beating 
YaquL who cost $2.5m .by three 
lengths in the July Maiden 
Fillies Slakes. 

nately broke a cannon bone and 
had to be put down. I tele- 
phoned him and asked him 
whether he would like Penang 
Beauty, as a replacement and be 
bought her for 5.500 guineas.” 
he said. 

ing _ 
winner for Eric Eldin's in-form 
Newmarket stable, which scored 
on the course on Friday with 
Summerhill Street. This was 
Eldin's 14th winner this season 
from a string of just 27. 

• Gay Kelleway. lucky to escape 
with only bruising when What A 
Pany fell at Chepstow on Sat- 
urday. expects to resume at 
Warwick on Wednesday. She 
needs just one winner for her 
apprentice claim to be reduced 
to 31b. 

He explained that Penang 
Beauty was sent'over to him by 
her Irish breeder, but the filly 
failed to reach her reserve as a 
yearling and he was asked to 
keep her. "Mr Lim had another 
horse with me. who unfonu- 

Blinkered first time 

EDINBURGH: 4.0 Sweet Eire. 
WOLVERHAMPTON: 6 35 Bundukeya, 75 
Sound As A Pound. 7.35 NkrUe NaUva. 
WINDSOR: 6.45 Easter Rambler. The 
Moon And Back 95 Lucky Lad. 

Leaders on the Flat 


J Duntop 
G Harwood 
M H Easterly 
L Cumani 
R Hannon 
8 Hite 

It hi 











49 36 



+ 3-24 

Pat Eddery 






37 25 26 



S Cauthen 


59 47 



a 21 




W Carson 






35 21 










27 17 




R Cochrane 






25 12 




G Starkey 






25 34 



-27.78 . 

T tVB5 






a 37 










Saturday’s results from 
five meetings 

Sandown Park 

Sirona Guymyson |8H Lady 


Going: firm 

Draw: high numbers best up to 1m 


1 21 JOHN RUSSELL W Ryan 812 3 Write (3) 2 

3 M» MAHK-EDENW.ttnte87 R Lapp* 4 

5 000 PETBICORE J Redfen*87 N.RogaraS 

8 00 T0IASSER1M I Victere 87 R Vidovs 6 

8 0 FMLUX FLAIR EWeymes 84 AMunrol 

9 008 FUR BABY G Harman 8-4 JE»dn{5)3 

3J0 LE GARCON D"OR HANDICAP (£846; 5t) (7) 

2 OOOP PERGODA (BXC-D)i Vickers 89-7 RVicfcci* (7)5 : 

3 808 SWMGMG GOLD (D) T Borroo'4-9-4 __ B McGHI (71 2 

4 0003 PHfl^TAR fBXC-O) A Batolna 5-8-0_ nomrun^ 93‘. 
7 0011 HEtMY’S VQVIUItE (USA) O Ctapmffl 

*-80(9to) ATProito# 

9 -000 GRAND GUEBI D Chmnwn 4-7-8— S PQrtfflBi*(5)7 
10 -002 WESBRS BAY(B) NBrcrod 4-7-8 — j.-. LChwiMckl . 
13 0000 -1RADCSMAN(q((>P) /Haldane 8:7-7 M Fry 4 
15-8 Henry’s' Venture. 5-2 Wesbne Bay. Shi sMngng 
Goal 7-1 Pergoda. 14-1 Grand Quean, 181 Tradesman. . . . 


11 -OOO MUSICAL AID T Craig 84 — 1 — AWNWn87 

13 0400 PACKAGE PEHFECTKJNTFairfiuist 8-4. JClNa^Mn 8 


4-6 John RuasoO, 4-1 Package Perfection. 81 Mark-Eden. 
181 Tenaaserim. 12-1 FWuxFWr, 181 Petencore. 25-1 others. 

A Woods (7)3 

Edinburgh selections 

1 By Mandarin 

2.0 John Russell. 2.30 Gemini FTre. 3.0 Slone Jug. 
3.30 Pergoda. 4.0 Faiigreen. 4.30 No RestrainL 

5.0 Cherry Lustre. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

1 3000 Ol OYSTON (80) J Berry 19812.^. 

2 080 TOP O' TO* LANE W)N Bycroft 981Q 

3 1002 BANTEL BANZAI m(D) Mas I Be838B_ C'Dmerl 

6 0000 1MCB4CO(BjW Storey 483-. L__ JqS»4 

7 000 ONE FOR TteDrrCH Mrs CtJoito Jonas 5-80. — 12 

11 -000 COU RT RUt atPenye Steft 8811 LChanwcfcO 

12 DOO FAJRMEB1 (QPuuprnan 8811 . BPGn8Mktfl97 

13 800 S WEET EIRE (mWPteBCT 4811 MWwJeymiB 

14 0000 NICKY DAWN Jmnjr 4-8 IT Jufie BdvkvtriM 

18 00/0 ARRAS IASS A Srmh 889 S Webster T1 

19 C : PRINGLE T Cnag 789 — E Guest (3)18 

22 Mb COPLACE PMoWetol 485 » 

24 0030 PETER'S KJOIXE R Wooctwiise 5-84 
26 0000 MARTELLA M Brittam 4-82 

10 John Russell. 3.0 Regal Capistrano. 4.30 No 
RestrainL 5.0 Britton's MilL 


a 0000 PUNCLE CREAK (Bj G fitoore 87-13 -ZTRPfflSS 

29 0000 BAUOAREENJPaifres 87-11. 

Michael Seely's selection; 130 Gemini Fire. 

J Catalan (7) IS 
Evans BaritM Banzai 81 Top O’ Th* Lane. 182 O I Ovstoh, 
81 Coort Ruler. Faegreen. 181 Paters Kiddie 

210 EBF OLD COURSE STAKES (2-Y-O: £884: 

1 0413 GEMINI HRE (0) P Fakjate 9-4 GDWMd2 

£547: 1m) (9) 

2 080 ANNUAL EVENT JSWflwn 80- 

* Fataato S 

4 CfffiTlSE T Barron 8lf_- 

3 0333 AUCTION TIME M Prescott 9-0- 

4 4044 BILLS AHEAD G Moore 80. 

C Dwyer 6 



B McGSff (7) 1 

5 DM3 DANADN Ron Thompson 811 

6 0 OOBBENDenwSmth811 LCtamoek? 

10 POPS WIUW90N Ms C Uoyd-Jones 811 — 8 

12 0M SEABURYM Britain 811 K Bariev 6 

13 400 SKY CAT JWtai 811 JWeflowtarp)4 

14 0002 BANTEL BOUQUET Mtn I Bell 88 C Dwyer 5 

11-4 Grimlni Rra. 81 Sky Cat 4-1 Oanadn. 182 Saebury. 

5 -000 CLAWSCHi THORNS Denys Smith 80 — L Cbarnodt I' ■ 

8 800 SUPER FRESCO B Hanbury 80 A Gerwi (7>T 

9. 0 CERTAIN AWARD J W Walla 811 AMbiohZ- 

10 0000 LA DY BRIT E Weymes 811 EGoeet(3)4 

11 04 NO RESTRAINT W HasUngs-Baas 81 1 _ R Unes m) 3 - 

12 08 VTTAL STB* T Feirriurat 811__. — J Ots^ran (n 7 

82 No Restraint. 11-4 Auction Tune. 4-1 B«s Ahead, 182. 
Annual Evert, T81 Lady Brit 12-1 Super Fresco. 14-r others. 

10 IMAGE SERVICES HANDICAP (£1 ,654: 1m 7f) 


2 /3-1 SHARP SONG TFMrhutst 5812 (7ex) JCaHaghan(7}5 

3 0213 REGAL CAPtSTRANO Ron Thompson 487 RPBflon3 

4 0013 MOULKBtS J Wil90n 487 GDuflWd2 

6 1-04 STONE JUG (C-D) Mas S Hal 880 K Hodgson 6 

7 0403 PERFECT DOUBLE W Reave 5811 — MHtodtoy (3)4 

8 0000 DUKE OF DOUJS (8) W Storey 

7810 JaBe Bowker m 7 


9-4 Regal CapMrano. 7-2 MouAins. 4-1 Sharp Song. 81 
Slone JugTTO-l Duke ol Dofc. Pertact DouMe. 

5.0 MELROSES TEA HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £850: 1m 

1 0003 CHBWT LUSTIffi (B) J W Watts 87 AMerrar5 

6 IUn AZUSA M Ryan 80- - S HUM (718 

7 ^00 TWICKNA H GARDEN P Ftfoata 813- -_MFr»7- 

■ <55 M 811 _ 'G DuffMd 1 

12 0022 BRAD8UHY HALL k Stone 82 K Dartey 2 

13 080 LATMGG LODGE N Bycroft 81 

a . "ABfenLg* 7 ’ 2 Owy Uusne. 4-1 Not A Problem. . 
8-1 Twncknam Garden. 181 Azusa. Bmton's MOL 181 Latngg' 
Lodge. % - 



Going: good to soft 
Draw: 5f-6f high nuitbers best 
(£1212: 1m 7f) (15 runners) 

4 0000 RESPONDER flStoMM 487 JH Brown 1 

5 0000 EASTER RAMBLEH(BXC-D)P Butter 4-86 A Ucka (7) 5 

7 0430 MISS APEX F YartSey 4-84 IJohmonT 

8 4023 POCO LOCO A Davnm 4-9-2 D Gtoson 8 

9 380 MY MYRA PMtehe* 4813 AMeGbm9 

(£3321: 1m 3f) (9) 


1 3113 POCHAR Cote 4-810 


3 0200 HOUSE HUfrrBfb Morgan 4810 1-— ISahiwnS' 

5 -211 LOCH SEAFORTH «Gro(384 S G*lto**5 

B Ml P^AN WfGHT W Musson 482 (5ex) PM&kteiY8 . 

7 814 REDDEN (BFlM Bolton 87-13_„„,_ll t WW h 87. . 

8 -000 KUWAIT MOON J Francome 4-7-11 - N AdMRSl 

9 418 SW BLESSED (C-DI R J Wahma. 7-7-9 ~ 2 

11 0010 HEART OF £FTwE (USA) R AkeTwrst 4-7-8 W CMM 4 


10 M-3 RUN FOR YOUR WIFE GLomis 3812.— . PWMdren 2 

12 0444 BUCSTEa(B|RStotoR»3810„ K RadcStfe (7) 3 

13 802 COUNTESS CARLOTTT A Jarvis 389 — . D MdMta 12 

14 800 WWDBOUND LASS D Wlrtfe 389 Wharton4 

15 1000 TAKE A BREAK □ LaSsg 888 JCMor(7)13 

16 -400 SOLSTICE BELL (B)RVowspuy 487- BThotnson 14 

: (USAHP) M McCovt 

87-7 R Street 3 

„ Seafoatn. 7-2 Pochard. 82 Persian' Knight '81. 

Heart of Stone. 181 Redden. 12-1 House Hurt*. 181 otterv 


( 6 ) 

.17 0400 FIRST ORBIT M McCourt 385.. 

21 800 OCEAN LAD R Hamm 381... 

22 000 THE MOON AND BACK m M Fetherston-Godtey 

R WemhanS 

380 L Niggio (7) 11 
23 -040 DUKE OF MU.TMBBI P Rohan 3-7-12 u. — 15 

2 0111 BESTPLAN (1^ W O Goman 87...™ T Ives 8 

8 12 NY ISABEL (D) R Hannon 80 ~C StieT 

9 0 ARDlESCfhiffm811 

nm 8-1 ■* 6 Cauthen 3 

»1 000 FATHER TWE D Thom B-11 

7-2 Run For Your Wire. 9-2 Countess Cariotti. 11-2 Take A 
Break. Btoe Steel. 81 First Ort*. 181 Poco Loco. 12-1 
Responder. 14-1 My Myra. Easter Rambler. 181 others. 


MASH8US C evened 811. 


Brshop 5- 

4 JO 1. Gray WoH Tiger 
Srwiart(ll8(av):3. Rernam 

5.0 1. Mister March (181): 2. Websiera 
Feast [81k 3. Useful (13-8). Kharrana 1 1- 
8 lav. 5 ran. 

Polykratte (2- ... -- — 

3. Treasure hay (9-4 lav) lOran 
2.30 1. r 


2. Tea 


lav. 1 1 ran 


3. H|mr Of Harteeh (81). Bundaburg 81 

*4.10 1 . Slant Mafmity (ii-f tavl: 2. Say 
Pardon |1 1-2): 3. Compteatj81). 9ran. 

4.45 1. Dont FdrgM Me B-1): 2. Luzuffl 
(2-1): 3. Ternary Zone (11-8Jav). 7 **J 
5.1S 1. Ebofito (100-30): 2- Silent 
Journey (11-2): 3. Putemgh (14-1). SiraigW 
Through 7-4 tav. 5 ran. 


2.15 1. ReyaT Treaty (82k 2. Madame 

Lafftne gi-u 3. Petrus_Seveniy (14-ij. 

Skeme Rocket 2-1 fav. 13 ran. 

2M 1. Felipe Toro (5-4 lav): 2. No 
Boating Haris 82): 3. Golden Guilder (7- 
2). 0 ran. NR: Running flambow. 

3.15 1 . Stonoce Odonc (181): 2. Thresh 
it Out f4-9 lav); 3. Hot Momma (4-1). Bran. 

Haydock Park 

345 l. Mrs Chris (12-1); 2. Dtok Knight 
" ' ” (12-1). FC 

2J) 1. Penang Beauty |W-i)r 2. Yaqul 
(7-4 lav): 3. Upset (81). 6 ran. NR: Coma 

°*2jSl? , Pari« CxpnMa (182). 2.MJI On 

“ Tran. 


The Floss f8 13 fav/: 3. SartoHIft-lb Oran 
3.0 1. RakaposM King |9-2). 2. High 
TensKjn (8D. 3. Russian NoWe (9* 1 •**)• 

3.30 1 . In Dreams (4-1); 2. Three Tunes 
A Lady (7.2k 3. French Flutter (7-1). 

fia-ik 3. RamHie (12-1). Four Star Thrust 
9-4 lav. 10 ran. NR: Red Counter. 

4.15 1. Arges (7-1): 2. Count Colours 
(20-ir. 3. Dual Ventura (4-7 fav). 14 ran. 
nr Tha Berwick. 

4^45 1. Roper Row 1181): 2. Musk 
R eview (5-2 fav): 3. The Stray Bullett (14. 
1) 12 ran. 

5.15 1. The Clown (82 ft-lavk 2. 
QtiadrdUon (7-1). 3. Sound Diffusion (82 
|t-fav) fl ran. 

mSSirnm i (3-1). 2. Ftoose (1-2 
fav): 3. Fiaxtey |10-.i» 4 ran 
430 1. Abort Hafl (81): 2. Set 
(11-10 b«i: 3. Taytarnade Boy (181). 10 
ran. NR. Mexican Ml. 


6.15 1 . MScometof (7-tk 2. Valrach (20- 
1). 3. Raffia Run (81 fav): 4. Kamaress 
(14-1). 16 ran 


&45 1. Bnght As KgM (81): 2. W*a K> 
181); 3. NHanttar (Evens fav). 8 ran. NR: 
Pasaeao. Beau Slier. . • - • 

20 1. Xytopnene (9-»k 2. Take A Break 
19-iT 3. Angies VidM (38H Taoacos 2-1 
fav 14 ran. 

7.1S 1 . Gibberish (84 lev); 2 . Black 
Diamond (181). 3. Ceroc (7-1). g ran. 

2J0 1. Artistic Chennon (81). 2. 

182); sTTroi 

7.4S I. Fourwatk |11-2h 2. French Kmg 
(381): 3 Mughefrum (7-2L Gray Tan 4-5 
lav. 5 ran 

Cenrraispires Best (182); 3. Trotwo (8i» 
Fire Rocket 6-4 lev. 8 ran. . _ 

3.0 1. Zeubavr (4- It 2. Afcttno (6-4 tav). 
3. Sl«nd (7-2). 5 ran. 

330 1 . LucratH <4:11 fav); 2, Na Boris 
(81): 2. AnyOW(9-2). 4 ran. 
iO 1 . Re totwely Easy fii-a 2. Dty 

8.15 11 Casbah Girl (8-1); 2, 

‘ Bold Sea 

AHeturdransfreto (181); 3. . ... 

Rover (181); 4. Lmavos (12-1) Sporting 
Sovereign 9-4 lav. 16 ran. 

M5 1. PUtawmg (2D-1); 2. Enigma (81): 
3. Lett Right (181) Angsts Are Btoe 11-4 
lav. 14 tan p 

Windsor selections 

By Mandarin ' 

fi.45 Run For Your Wife. 7.10. Shining Water. 
7.35 Loch Seaforth. 8.5 Bestpian- 8.35 Silent 
Majority. 9.5 Chinoiserie. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
7.10 Shadiyama. 7.35 Loch Seaforth. 8.5 
Besiplan. 8.35 Silent Majority. 9_5 The Taleteller. 
Michael Seely's selection: 8.35 SILENT 
MAJORITY (nap). 

8-35 KOWLOON BAY HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £2,666: - 

2 91-3 POSSEDYNtJ D Bswortti 9-7 . 1 rw rithi, 1 

4 0000 enowes QUAUTY PSG.Lewte82"' ' jAdten*4?[fi‘ 

5 104- SOUND REASOtHNO (fa) B Mis W ™ V BTOqwon" 

10 0131 9LENT MAJORITY (D) W OGwnan m’ 0MtS2 * ■ 
H 0411 MURPHITS WHEELS (□) A JarwsM^ DMciwS 2 ' 
12 POO SHAR1LOt«E(0)MMic<S85 hwEBS- 
’3 WO HDTOROOI R ^ " cffiSTw : 

7.10 EBF ENCOUNTER BAY STAKES (2-Y-O fl flies; 
£2.005: 6f) (26) 

2 4231 ROYAL RABBLE D Bswortti 81 A PcOonaS 

15 0002 NORTHERN LAD L Ho# 7-12 u 1 it-m, fl ' 

as s 

21 0000 MSTER MARCH R Hutchinson ® BmdwoSIO 

„ , „ w , 7-10(1(tetoN0»Wlt«NBt5 ! 

Cnnll? v£*p!2£3!!b7 5 - 1 DaacnwooA . 


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0 ACCUSTOMED (USA) M Jams 88 T Ives 24 

04 AUNTIE CYCLONE (USA) D LMto 9-8 R Curori 16 

W AVENMORE STAR E Whaater 88.. .-W Wharton 9 

BLANDEU BEAUTY MBotton 88. ..RMcGhtaO 

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GRANNY TAKES A TFW Mra N Smth 88 W Nnma 14 

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Few present 
to witness 
of Gould 

•: v+vVC"*- *“*• 

By Ridhard Streetoo 

fi* Zralanders. playing ti 
KiUi mnesKond-t ratings t ickets strokes « 
/n^nznrf. fan/ Sussex fry liS normal c 

Jan Gould, the Sussex cap- D °Fraiildii 
touubr^hed new life into this Imran in i 
match, following Sauinjay's vir- and had 1 
by declaring 126 The next 
nms behind on first innings napped Ed 
yesterday. It left the New Ze*- retired w 
lanoen 40 minutes to bat, on a finger, anc 

K n 'ffljT*? the occasional Another Ii 
Ji skidded tfarou^i low, and when Coo 
they lost Rutherford before the the groin. 

' 'V- 

* ‘o t; 

There was only a small crowd 
and the reason was probleinati- 
caL It might have been the allure 
of the televised Wimbledon 
finals. My own view is that the 

playing time lost and several 

strokes were played that, in 
normal circumstances, might 
not have been attempted. 

Franklin played back to 
Imran in the day's second over 
ami had h|s stumps shattered. 
The next ball, from Pjeott. 
rapped Edgar's left hand and he 
retired with a badly bruised 
finger, and took no further pan, 
Another long hold-up followed 
when Coney was hit painfully in 

Coney, with the sympathy of 
every raali on the ground, skjwfy 
recovered and he and Crowe 
shared an attractive stand. It 
ended when Coney hit Mays 
high to k>ng-on to give the 

‘ /ti. >, .. . 

ra W$r r v,; 

public rather sadly, are wary of young off aptnner, in his second 
touring team s" matches against senior match, his first wicket, 
the counties. Sussex, in fort, did new zealamder& fm 
the New - Zea l and ers proud, k r Rutherfoni tbw b pnou * nnt, * ,> s 

Imran Khan played and any g* Edgar reti red m t u 


in J“ n 5f v . , -jv Goner e Parker b Mays 30 

Hadlee though, ts absent t e B fabnc a p weasbtmran 34 

from the touring side this sum- fl. fi? S^tbc Raeveb M ays 4 

mer other than for repre- a J 3 S 

sentative occasions, and with w w«son b imran . . to 

officialdom's blessing. Mushtaq EJChatfi^dytow- — : 0 

Mohammad. I think, was the S** 4 -** 

first such instance of this some FMjToFwwoffi fa- lAM rSid. 
years hack for Pakistan. Hadlee t22, 5-127^^^X47^8-196,' 
thoroughly deserves every bowunG: ptaoct 11 - 1 - 3 &- 1 : mvan 185- 
penny be can glean from his 8-37-3; C M Weis Reeve 94J-32- 

benefil year, even if it could, T = Ma W 22 ^7^ 
perhaps, have tx*n put back T jR W ^S ln,llrff _ 3 

until next season. It IS true, too, KR Rutherford Iwb Imran 2 

that even if be were around, he -1J Crowe not out 7 

might be egrcfuHy nursed — or Total (i "**) ■ - 12 

“moth hailed", as the US Navy FALL OF . w ^T : , , 

might put iL A M Gram c Ranktn b Ora^£l 34 

The fact remains, however, DKSjareSngnotout 29 

that the New Zealand Cricket p ^®S r S r , n 2. < 2f 1 

Council and Hadlee have done 

little to eutenoe the status .of ^ Kron. CMWefls. apwms. ri 

- • WWW- 
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>■*•■■■ ■ ^ a • 1 

*■ X- . ' 

■ v»« . 

*• -'V7 <v.>, '* . *r-.' » ■* '-.v. »«."T 

matches between the counties 
and touring teams. 

The ■ New Zealanders, 
commendably, always seemed 
to be conscious yesterday of the 

Jubilant Northants go 
for top title honours 

By Mvcns WIBbubs 

TRING: Northamptonshire 
(4pts) heat Surrey by 69 ruas 
Fourth place is the highest 
Northamptonshire have ever 
finished in the Sunday league, 
but with their sixth successive 
win yesterday, they are making a 
determined challenge for higher 
honours. Their total of 264 for S. 

The massive Harper, enlivened 
the end of the innings by twice 
pulling Clarke high over square 
leg and squirting him exoiicaDy 
to the third man boundary. 

If Surrey were to make a 
decent challenge, they needed a 
meaty contribution from Lynch, 
but Mail ender trimmed his bails 
in only the fifth over and 
followed by having Butcher 

honours. Their total of 264 for S. but Mali ender trimmed his bails 
anchored by Boyd-Moss’s 86 in only the fifth over and 
and given impetus by fifties followed by having Butcher 
from Bailey (46 balls) and Lamb caught at long leg. Some pleas- 
(47). proved well beyond Surrey, ant strokes from Stewart briefly 
Northamptonshire, who lifted Surrey's spirits, but 
started the match in joint first Harper and Nick Cook spun 
place, have been bringing a their way through the middle 
Sunday match to this pleasant order and a splendid running 
part of Hertfordshire for 3 dozen catch by Lamb halted a beOig- 

„ although this is a mere 
flash in the lire of the Tring Phrk 
dub. which is celebrating its r j Boyri-M 
1 50th birthday. RJBaflcyc 

The usual good-sized crowd 
quickly wanned to the batting of 
Bailey, as he took two fours off dj wader* 
the opening over from Doughty; *6 Cook n o 
but for a while runs came in fits 
and starts on a pitch of low Tr“ „ 
bounce. Bailey, however, rel- i^Benaar& 
ished the introduction of fallofim 
N eedham's off spin and drove 22 B. 5 - 255 . 
him from three handsome BOWUMP 
straight sixes before he was 
caught on the mid-wicket pococ*4-o 
boundary in the 16th over with 
thetoial82. a R Butch® 

Though Clarice m his first m a Lynch 1 
spell briefly checked the scoring. AJ Sgwtrt 
a Lamb freed from England 

erent flourish from Clarke. 


R J Bayd-Moss e and b MonMiouse . 88 

R J Bafley c WM b Naadham 58 

A J Lambc Lynch b Pocock 56 

D J C8pal c Bkdmea b Uonfchouse _ 16 

HA Harper not out 24 

D J Wide Neetfwn b Monkhouse — 6 

*6 Cook not out — *- 4 

Extras (b S. tb 5. w fi) — { 14 

Total (5 wkts. 40 overs) — 264 

tS N V Waterloo, N G B Cook. N A 
MlmdarandA Wa*ar Moot bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-82, 2-184, 3-212. 4- 

BOWUNG: Doughty 6-0-30-0; 
Moakhousa B4Mfr3;TWedham 8051-1; 
Clarke 8-1-444); Bicknal 60-44-0; 
Foeock 4-030-1. 


A R Butchar c CBpal b Mdandar — 13 

M A Lynch b MaBender 4 

A J Stewart b Harper 40 

.'tat ted fmm Enghnd # 

cares was soon laying into the a Needham b Harper srs s rsi S 

spinners and with three leg-side Rj Pough tygtwatarttnbNGBC°ok 22 

sixes, dominated a s T Clarke c Lamb b NGBCook — 15 

wicket partnership that doubled M b waScer — _ — 13 

the score. *Pl Pocock rwt out_ 1 

Lamb eventually holed out to Extras J“77' *3 — ; ^ 

deep mid-on, whereupon Boyd- 4 S 

Moss, who had struggled 10 find 7 . 14fi g-isg. 9 - 1 94 . ' 

his touch, took over the mtna- goy^j^Q- uaeneu 8 - 1 - 14 * Capei 5- 
live. He had a hundred m sight wafcar 7 ^ 635 - 2 : Hwpar 6544-2; 

aiassiWfissrsys vsxxszssssl. 

World Cup spot awaits 
ICC final winner 


Zimbabwe and The Nether- son all 
lands contest the right to repre- so for. and to* Brown ana 
sent the associate members of Houghton, their skipper, only 
&&££E ^Cricket Con- ^SajHjSS 

forence in next year's World ease of their qualifying yretone^ 
CucTfo India^ud l^touin when Their bowUng bas van^ and 
•u. 1 iff Tmnhv by fhr the they have the option of recalling 

«»: E*-2**gg ’gsn 

events since inauguration in after his recovery 


U I?J^JL^nKL« 4 ialf-weeks the Dutch secoi.*e be^ 

UKT UHCllUZUVMu , Ilf jj 

ference in next year's. World 
Cup in India and Pakistan when 
the 1 986 ICC Trophy, by far the 
most successful of the three 
events since inauguration in 
1979. reaches its climax at 
Lords' today. „ . 

After . three-and-a-balf-weeks 
-p nil rilin 

sSmas SSSSs 

nm for their money. They take 

saas.sswsK-5 s*—. -s-«3 


organization and, for once, wm will both 

glorious weather. For Ztm^ ^ opportunity - Atkin- 

babweit ^havinl^eSco visited 

babweh is a chance 10 foUpw Mi 

Lanka in pressmglfteir claims of so B played there, 

full Tfst membership from the Igrds leads their 

ideal stage. . n f . 1 ,- bowling and m Elferink and 

Zimbabwe, the holders of the bo ng ^ ha v e two 

trophy, must start as fim ^[" anding all-rounders, 
fevotmtes to forward to pi^nk howled particularly 

Australia. 1Ȥ and ov=r 

land in the World Cup. Man « bul j t is Lefebvre. a 

agedbyDon Arnott,achj»^g with a promisi^ 

and ihoughtfuJ S?in whom the Dutdi 

5?Jfpy™^S»>» n<iPa,er - harbour high hopes. 

Humbling of Harrow 

By George Chesterton 

Harrow, bowled out for 37m. mjrod as 

"* «S?ELfi » b!e m A^ifbnwlini.5 5**= 

made further &«£*** Amirorebowling by the four 
when their tnnninra OOsbo. howlers used and sale catching 
This was ihe ! 151s. match die stumps. 

between Eton and Harrow audit ; . l0 Harrow mes- 

is by many years the long®- ^i„g his cousid- 

standing regular fixture at . heighL and Petufor 

Lord's. The usual festive picnjcs toget bounce from a 

around the nursery S^fwicket It was from a 

took plare-butmostiyundCT die ball that Sexton 

cover of dripping imibrellas. soon g ^ eye trying to 

and smart dothes were hidd hook and he was unable to bai 

Lloyd: once into his stride, he played a vintage innings which Essex amid not contain 

ABAon. *tl J GoukL D A Rm, C S Man 
and A c S Pigott dkj not bet 

BOWUNG: Barrett 9-0430; Ctetfitid 6- 
2-9-1; Watson 8-1-23-0. 

Umpires: N T Ptows and R A White. 

Taylor hits 
out only 
to get hit 

By Ivo Tennant 

DERBY: Kent (4 pts) beat 
Derbyshire by // runs 
An excellent innings of 75 by 
Neil Taylor, ended only by a 
blow on the head, helped Kent, 
who won the toss, to a score of 
225 for 7 that was just beyond 
Derbyshire’s reach. 

When Barnett, who made 71, 
was out. 53 off the last five overs 
in murky light was too tall an 

Not for the first time this 
season. Taylor showed he can 
play all the shots when the mood 
lakes him. After starting slowly, 
he put on 93 for the fourth 
wicket with Christopher 
Cowdrey hi 12 overs, unafraid 
to loft most of his drives and to 
make room by stepping outside 
leg stump. 

Some of Derbyshire's work in 
the outfield was untidy and. at 
an important stage in Kent's 
innings, Sharma gave away 25 
runs from two overs. Taylor had 
also been well supported by 
Tavare. who made 38, and it 
would have been a bigger total 
had not Taylor retired feeling 
groggy with five overs still 

On this bouncy pitch he took 
his eye off one ball which 
Malcolm dug in short and was 
hit on the helmet. His 75 was 
made off 79 balls and included 
one six and seven fours. Gra- 
ham Cowdrey. Baptiste and 
Marsh were out cheaply, and 
Kent finished with perhaps 20 
fewer nuts than they would have 
thought ideaL 

Derbyshire began by losing 
Anderson and Hill cheaply. But 
Barnett and Morris took them 
on steadily. After 20 overs, 
halfway through their innings, 
they were exactly what Kent had 
beau 74 for two. 

Morris. dropped on 33, 
reached a half century off 40 
bolls with a six and five fours 
but was then beaten by Chris- 
topher Cowdrey’s slower ball. 
He and Barnett, whose own half 
century took twice as long, put 
on 79 off 12 overs. 


DG Astatic Roberts SMortanseo — 18 

SGHfnkscHBbJeaivJacquBS 10 

C 3 Tawrtc Roberts bMortensan - 38 

N R Taytor retired hurt 75 

•C S Cowdrey c Sharma b Wanw _ 31 
G fi Cowdrey c »4alcokn b Wamar — 6 

EAEBaptasreb Malcolm 6 

H M EBson notout 15 

+S A Marsh b Warner 8 

GREWtaynotout — 1 

Extras (b 5. lb S, w 4. nfa 5} J7_ 

Total (7 wkts, 40 Otars) 225 

D L Uratarwood did not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-24. 2-42. 3-89, 4- 

182. 5- 194, 6-203. 7-222. 

BOWLING: Jw-Jacgues.BjP- g-l; Mal- 
eoim 60-47-1: MUar 60-38-0: Morferowi 
8-2-26-2: Sharma 2-0-2S-0; Warner 6-0- 


<KJ Barnett tbwbCSCowdrey 71 

IS Anderson bOBey f 

AHiHb Underwood 5 

J E Monls b C S Cowdrey — : 52 

tfi Roberts c l**s b C 5 Cowdrey - 18 

GMfUernotout 22 

RShamabBlison 73 

A E Warner not out .1 

Extras (b 2, lb 8, nr 3, nb^ 16 

Total (6 wMs, 40 aware) 214 

O H Moctensen, M JearKteOpjes and D E 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-13, 2-34, 3-113. 4- 

140.5- 163.6211. 

BOWliNS: DiBey 84F361; EKeon 6637- 
UnrpxwK S Uadbeater end K J Lyons. 

Glamorgan v Gloncs 


GttnprgwWOjJbBarS to cwta re ftkBly 
45 runs. 


J A Hopktas c Wraw b Walsh 89 

HM^RtastfbWaSh 5 

G C Holies c Tomtais b Grereney _ 54 

M P Maynard run out 31 

•RCOntong wtout 23 

JG Thomas ran out 2 

^ SSPSu. "Mb — -_T7 

Total {5 wkts, 40 owrs) 222 

P a Cottey. J F Soeta, J Derrick and D J 

Hickey dm not baL 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-162-141.6191.4- 

211.5- 217- 

Depleted Essex in 
last-gasp finish 

By Peter Ball 

OLD TRAFFORD: Lancashire 
(4 pts) beat Essex by two runs. 

An undefeated 91 of 
comiscaUng brilliance by Clive 
Lloyd, which rolled back the 
years, was just enough to take 
Lancashire to their third John 
Player League victory of the 
season against the drastically 
depleted Essex — but bow dose 
Lancashire’s bowlers went to 
throwing it away. A maiden 
Sunday century by Paul Prich- 
ard on 97 deliveries kept Essex 
in the hunt to the bitter end. 
With two halls remaining, they 
needed five runs, but Makinson 
removed Pont to effectively put 
the game beyond Essex’s reach. 

As always, Lloyd began look- 
ing deceptively ill at ease, but as 
he got into his stride Essex just 
did not have enough fielders to 
contain him. It was simply 
vintage Lloyd. 

Turner and Pont, those ex- 
perts in one-day miserliness, 
were considered carefully, and 
then dismissed as a big pad 
thrust forward followed by the 
bat flashing in a savage are. Pont 
held his end up. ending 
Mendis's bid to celebrate the 
award of his county cap with a 
50. and inducing the only 
chance Lloyd gave, a mis-trmed 
square drive which flew through 
the diving Lilley’s grasp at 
backward cover. 

Turner was less fortunate as 
Fair brother also cut loose, his 
penultimate over a chapter of 
accidents. The first delivery 
brought him a painful blow on 
the foot, as Lloyd hammered the 
ball straight back. 

To add insult to injury, 
Fairbrother was dropped off the 
second. The fifth was deposited 

Elegant Roebuck fails 
to save Somerset 

By Alan Gibson 

TAUNTON: Hampshire (4pts) dignified couple (he has gjvei 
beat Somerset by eight wickets. up “swipin'”, his captain tell 

Somerset were put in, pos- 
sibly less as a Sunday League 
gambit than because Hampshire 
thought there might be some- 
thing in the pitch. There was. It 
was a sunny day. but we have 
had some unsettled weather in 
the west lately, and the ball 
moved occasionally both in the 
air and off the seam. Felton was 
bowled first ball, which did 
nothing to Iift Somerset's spirits. 

Roebuck played some elegant 

Harden came in at number 
three, and was out at 28, and 
then Richards was bowled for 
nought; high disaster for Somer- 
set- It is one of Roebuck's 
functions for Somerset to hold 
on and restore morale should 
Richards get out quickly, but he 
was fourth out, at 31, in the 
tenth over. Rose was the only 
batsman to put any stuffing into 
the innings, and it had been 
good to see him back in form. 
The only other serious resis- 
tance came from Dredge and 
Gard in an eightb-wicket stand 
when they had the good sense to 
bat quietly, as they still had 
plenty of overs in hand. 

The beneficiary contributed a 

dignified couple (he has given 
up “swipin'”, his captain tells 
os) and bowled a lively spell at 
the beginning of the Hampshire 
innings. Hampshire indeed lost 
two batsmen for 12 nms, but 
Turner and Robin Smith had no 
need to hurry 

N A Felton b James 0 

'PM Roebuck tow bTremtatt 25 

R J Harden c Marshal b Jamas 3 

I V A Richards b James 0 

B C Rose c Terry b Connor 21 

j J E Harty tow b Tremlea 0 

V J Marks c Parks b James 0 

fT Gart c Parka b Marshal 19 

C H Dredge b Tramtatt 17 

J Gamer not our 2 

N S Taylor b Tremtett 2 

Extras (b 4, to 6. w 3, no 1) 14 

Total 103 

FALL OF WICKETS: 631, 4-33. 5-37, 6 
40. 7-69. 8-97. 9-99, ID-103. 

BOWUNG: James 6624-4: Connor 60- 
161; Tramtatt 7-0-164; Marshal 7-1-26 
1; Cowley 66160. 


VP Terry c Garth Gamer 5 

DR Tumor not out 40 

■MCJ Nicholas c Felton b Gamer — i 

R A Smith not exit 46 

Extras (lb 5. w 5. r* 2) 12 

Total (2 wkts, 28.1) i 104 

J J E Hardy. CL Smith. K □ Jamas, M D 
Marshal. NO Cowley. TM Tramtatt. tH J 
tarks and C A Connor tad not baL 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-8. 2-12. 

BOWUNG Gamer 62 - 21 - 2 : Twtor 66 
344); Dredge 4-613-0: Marks 6612-0; 
R i char d s 6.1-6194). 

Umptrea; J H Hants and D S Ostaar. 

Middx v Warwicks Worcs v Notts 

took place, oui »!»»; — *r” . ,,- 
cover of dripping umbrellas, 
and smart dothes were hidden 

under raincoats. 

The top deck of the Tavern 
stand housed hundreds of boys 
frop) the two schools. They were 


A W Stovold cant) b Stsele — . 33 

A J Wright tow b Thomas 0 

K P To«*» Par b OfTKxiq - .. — 38 

PBamOndgocOanickbOntonfl 2 

K M Curran b Omon g ® 

J WUoyrishOntcng 9 

1 R ftwrwtow b snale Q 

*D A Gaveney b Hickey — — — — 31 
+R C Russai C Hk*«r ^Derrick —9 
C A Walsh c Dawas b Hckey — — 35 

GE Salisbury not oui -7 

Extras {tb 6, wl) ~ljL 

Total pG5 overs) — — — 177 

FAIL OF WICKETS. 1-2.2-75.673.4-79. 
5-9L692. 7-S4, 6111.6154. 16177. 

any further. 

Umpires: j A Jameson an d R Jta tan. 


MbUtosor (Zpts) Had with Vtarwt dat aee 

T A Lloyd cRosabafryb Carr — — 61 

0 L Ames c Rosa b Hughes 6 

BMcMfUanc Carr b Fraser 9 

IGWHuroagab Sykes 9 

P A Smah cDownton b Sack — 12 

Asf Dmnavout — 11 

D A Thome run out 12 

G J Persons b Hughes 23 

G C Smaa not exit 7 

K Kerr not out 5 

Extras (b 10, w 2) ; 13 

Total (8 wks, 40 overs) 168 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-22. 2-43. 675. 6 
102. 6117. 6125. 7-133. 6162- 
BOWUNG: Rose 6-6224); Hughes 7-6 
38-2: Fraser 66161: Sykes 8-627-1; 
sack 66261; Carr 61-22-1. 


A JTMBerb Parsons — 23 

WN Slack b Parsons 9 

M a Rosebeny run out 22 

RO Butcher b Kerr 12 

•CT Redeye Parsons DGfflort 38 

fP R Oowntor c Giflord t> Smak 41 . 

J D Carr not out — 7 

GO Rose cMcMBanb Gifford 3 

Extras (to 7. w 5. nb 1) 13 

Total (7 wkts, 40 overs) — 168 

J D Carr, G D Rose, J F Sytea, S P 
Hughes and A G J Fraser <Sd not bat 
BOWUNG; Smak 61-261; Parsons 8-1- 
29-2; Kerr 61-23-1; MCMMn 60360; 
Gifford 6632-2: Thome 3-6166 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-22. 2-52. 3®. 6 

Umpires ^ DucBeston and A A Jones. 


NotSnrtamshire (4 pis) beat Worcester- 
store by 7 wickets 

»■■ . 


TSGrtsbRioe — 10 

D B tfOSveira c Saxetoy b Hammings 59 

G A Hick c Scott b Rtoe — 33 

D N -Patel tow bK P Evans 29 

•p A Neale b Pick 7 

M J Weston not out 30 

«J Rhodes c and ORtoe 4 

PJ Newport b Rice 3 

RKBingworth not out 0 

• Extras (bl. to 10 , t*i) -12 

Total (7 wkts, 40 overs) 187 

J D Jnchmwa A P Prtflpeen M out bat 

FALL OF WtOCETS: 1-53. 2-76. 6134. 6 

BOWUNG: Hadlee 62224); Saxetoy 66 
38-0; Res 66364; Pick 8634-1; 
Hemnwigs 2-614-1; K P Evans 86361. 


BC Bread crtdtabBgwSft 63 

DW Randall not out 67 

P Johnson bCBngwortfi — 6 

-CEB Rice c Neale bffiiigwwth — 7 

R J Hadlee not oid 34 

Extras (to 5. w 4. rt»4) 13 

Total (3 wkts. 382 overs) 190 

R J Evam E E Hammings, tC W ScotL K 
P Evans. R A Pick, K Saxetoy tad not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-110, 2-1 18, 6130. 
BOWUN&Prtdgeon 666260: tochmore 
66344h Weston 4622-0: Patel 8631- 
0: Newport 6631-0; BaigwOtth 6-7-38-3. 
UofkesU J Kitchen and K 6 Palmer. 


Not enough 
runs to 

By Peter Maxson 

Nottinghamshire strength- 
ened their position at the head 
of the John Flayer Special 
ipqgn«» wifi) a comfortable vic- 
tory against Worcestershire 
whom they beat by seven wick- 
ets and with 10 baits to spare, at 
New Road, yesterday. Requir- 
ing I88.(o win. Broad made 63. 
■ml Randall 67 not out. 

Phillip Neale's fear has been 
that Worcestershire have been 
selling themselves a bit short in 
this competition, hot his bats- 
men budded down to it well 
enough yesterday and with 
D'Olivdia. Hick. Weston and 
Patel making runs, they even 
hekf off Hadlee. But once again 
they fluted to score enough nms. 

Yorkshire romped home to a 
fifth victory against Leicester- 
shire at Middlesbrough. Potter 
had made 51 as Leicestershire 
were bonded out for 155, Car- 
rick taking four for 32. 
Yorkshire’s target now was sim- 
ple enough, and while they 
managed to lose Sharp and 
Metcalf, Neil Hartley made 57 
and Robinson 68 as Yorkshire 
won by sox wickets with 19 balls 
to spare. 

At Lord's, Middlesex tied 
with Warwickshire. Having 
been set a targrt of 169 to win, 
and lost four wickets for 73, a 
fine effort by Radley and 
Down ton all but got Middlesex 
home. Warwickshire had cho- 
sen to bat first, and though 
Lloyd effectively sealed off one 
end in an innings of 61, none of 
the remaining seven batsmen 
stayed with him for long. 


P W L Nr T Pts 
Hampshire W 7 6 1 0 0 24 

NortfmntsfS) 7 6 1 0 0 24 

Notts (12) 9 6 3 0 0 24 

Kent (10) 8 S 2 0 0 22 

Yorkshire (6) 8 5 3 0 0 20 


over mid-off for six to bring 
Lloyd his 50, and Turner, after 
one more expensive over 
limped painfully from the fray. 

His replacement, Topley, was 
no more fortunate, and the pair 
pressed on mercilessly adding 
114 in 13 overs — Lloyd's 91 
coming from 80 deliveries. It is 
a measure of Fairbrother’s 
contribution that he has not 
been overshadowed totally. 

Essex could not have played a 
worse start in reply. Gladwin fell 
in the first over. Border, their 
one remaining experienced 
front line batsman, was wastc- 
fuily run out in the 7th, but as 
Lancashire's bowling waivered 
badly, Prichard and Stephenson 
renewed their optimism. 


GDMendsbftoflt 48 

G Fcwter c Stephanson b Aeflrtd — 20 

■C H Uoyd not out 91 

N H F aa trotfwr not out — — 43 

Extras fb1.to6.wa. iib 2) 12 

Tot* (2 wfcls. 40 oven) 274 

J Abrahams. S J O'Shaugtmessy, +c 
Maynard, M Wafldn so n, l Foley. P J w 
Alott and D J Makmson did not baL 
FALL OF WICKETS; 1-68. 2-100. 
BOWLING: Toptoy 8-0-51-0: Lever 8-0-37- 
0] To mar 66546; AcCMd 61-29-1; font 

r ssFx 

CGbdwnc Maynard bWatkkison — 2 

J P Stephenson b Abrahams 45 

A R Border runoul — 5 

P J Phcttard not out 103 

AWLffleybO’Shaughnessy 23 

K R Pont c Maynard D Makfruon 14 

tO E East not out 2 

Extraaflb 13, w4, nbi) . IB 

Total (5 wkts, 40 overe) 212 

T 0 Topley, S Tuner, *J K Laver and OL 
Adtaid did not bet 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-2. 2-21, 6127. 4- 

BOWLING: Watkinson 8-1-34-1; 
Makinson 61-361; O’Shaugtmessy 6-6 
361; Aftju 61-360; Ftatay 66134); 
Abrahams 61-461. 

Umpires: D R Shepherd and A G T 

Glamorgan (4l 

Somerset (10) 
Derbyshire (4) 
Lancashire (14) 
Lacs (6) __ 

Surrey (17) 8 2 ! 

WOrcs (6) 8 2 ( 

Giotxa [b) BIT 

798S positions to brackets 

WORCESTER: Worcestereftira 192 (D N 

Petal 51: R J Hadtae 4 lor 24. K Saxetoy 4 
lor 47y. Notwignamshke 107 tor i. 
MIDDLE SBRCAIGH: LekastershifB 291 
tor 7 IT J Boon 117. L Potter 63) v 

Yorkshire w Lefcs 

YotlishirB (4pts) bt Latcastarsttn by S 


LRonare Robinson b Garrick — 51 

J C Baktaretone b Carnck 29 

-pwyieycMetcsitebCamck .7 

T J Boon c Hartley b Shaw 19 

t P Whawase c Sharp b Shaw 7 

P Bowler run out...—, * 

P B CHI runout 7 

P A J de Freitas b Garrick .... 0 

W K R Benjamin b Sktobotiom 13 

J P Agnew run out — 2 

L B Taylor not out g 

Extras (to 11. w 5) 16 

Total (38.1 avere) 155 


1 14i 6126. 6130, 7-130. 6149. 6i52. 16 


BOWUNG Stoebotwn 6 627-1: J8«te 
7.1-6 21-0: Shaw 86362: Ftetdwr 61- 
260; Camick 61-32-4. 


K Sharp c Baktarstone b Ber^amtn — 1 
A A Metcalfe Ibw Agnew — .3 

S N htartey c Wtaey b do Frabaa .—57 

PRobnsonc Potter bAmew — 68 

JOLovecwnittcasebBenjanwi — 5 

*fD L BalrsKw not out z 

P Garrick not out — ® 

Extras (to 13. w 1. Rb 2) .J6 

Total (5 wkts. 383 0 VG*s) 156 

FALL OF WCKETS; 1-2. 2-8, 6135, 4- 
149, 6152. 

BOWUNG: Benamki 7-6182; Agnew 6 
6262; de Freitas 46621-1: Tawtor 44) 
21- 0: Catt 6636ft WSHey 61-280. 
Umpires: J H Hamptftya and P B IMghL 

Crafty Dane plots 
Briton’s downfall 

By Jim Raiiton 

Lever and 
ill at ease 

Essex, who still lead in the 
Britannic Assurance County 
Championship, took a heavy 
battering: at Old Trafford. on 
Saturday, when Patterson, who 
took six for 46. Afiott and 
Makinson rounded up their 
batsmen for 71 runs in 32.4 

With Gooch, Pringle and 
Foster playing for England, and 
three others injured, Essex's 
stock was devalued, and the 
obvious weaknesses were im- 
mediately exploited by Fowler, 
Lancashire's acting captain, and 
his seam bowling triumvirate. 
By the dose Lancashire totalled 
177 for five, to make it an easily 
forgettable day for Lever. 
Essex's acting captain. He 
worked hard to pick up a couple 
of wickets, but then retired with 
an upset stomach. 

Conditions at Derby, too, 
favoured the faster bowlers. As 
Derbyshire dipped uncertainly 
to 117 in 46 overs, Alderman's 
eight wickets for 38 runs in 15 
overs was the Australian’s best 
performance. Later, Derbyshire 
won back a few marks, with 
Jean-Jacques collecting four of 
six wickets to fall, as Kent edged 
ahead to 128 from 46 overs. 

At Middlesbrough, where 
Leicestershire won the toss and 
batted against Yorkshire, Boon 
made 117, Potter (63), and 
Whitticase 45 not out. as 
Leicestershire made 291 for 

Glamorgan were indebted to 
Morris, who made 98, Maynard 
(6 IX and Ontong (42X as they 
moved in fits and starts to 24S 
against Gloucestershire, for 
whom Walsh look five for 34 in 
19 overs. Worcestershire fell to 
Nottinghamshire's fast bowling 
brigade for 192 at New Road, 
where Hadlee, in ominous form 
with the New Zealand series 
with England now looming 
large, took 4-24, and Saxelby, 4- 

Saturday’s scores 

Britannic Assurance County 

DERBY: Derbyshire 117 fT M Alderman 8 
for 461; Kent 128 for 6. 

CARDIFF: Glamorgan 245 (H Monte 98. M 
P Maynard 51; C 4 Wabti 5 lor 34): 
Gloucestershire 34 tor 3. 

OLD TRAFFORD: Essex 71(B P Patterson 
8 tor 46); Lancashire 17# tor 5 (G D 

UXBMOGE: MWdtasm v waiwtakshre. 

TAflffote Somerset 189 tor 4 (J J E 
Harty 64 notout) v Hampshire. 

THE OVAL- Northamptonshire 91 lor 3 v 

It is never easy to win at 
Henley Royal Regatta no matter 
how talented and experienced 
you are. The part sensation of 
the finals yesterday was the 
defeat of Steve Redgrave in the 
Diamond Challenge ScuDs by 
Bjorne EUang, of Denmark- I 
write; part sensation, as Eftang. 
a world lightweight sculling 
champion and winner of tbc 
Double Sculls Challenge CUp 
here last year, is no push-over. 

Eltang has a rare talent One 
day be is a lightweight, yet 
within hours be loads his 
stomach with doughnuts and 
carbohydrates and. voQa, we 
have Eftang. the heavyweight. 

Yesterday, on paper. Slang 
conceded 44Ibs weight to 
Redgrave, who won the 
Diamonds' in 1983 and 1985. 
On paper Eltang was an also- 
ran, but the plot did not quite 
unfold that way. Redgrave went 
straight into the lead and was a 
length ahead at the top of the 
island, moving out to two and a 
half lengths by fire Barrier. We 
were all set for the second 
British elite win of the day. 

But just before Fawiey the 
crafty Dane had the audacity to 
creep up on Britain's Goliath. 
Not only did he creep up but the 
Dane was overlapping at 
Remenbam and suddenly 
Redgrave snapped- 

It was painful to watch. Eltang 
finished a length ahead — in feci, 
officially, Redgrave will go 
down in Henley's official history 
as “not rowed out” perhaps 
sculled out would be a better 

Redgrave said after the race: 
“I did the stupid thing of 
stopping when it was hurting 
him as much as me. I feel sorry 
for all my supporters here. 1 was 
embarrassed along the 
enclosures.” Well, I suppose, it 
will not be long before they all 
say: “Come back Steve, all is 
forgiven.” But give Eltang his 
due respect. He broke a big man 
with a total demonstration of 
guts and sculling skilL 

Five minutes earlier in the 
final of the Grand, the Union 
Jack was shivering fractionally, 
but not for too long. The British 
national heavyweight eight row- 
ing as Nautilus met Pennsylva- 
nia University. The Americans 
went hell for leather off the start 
and had half a length in the first 
quarter of a mile. But, despite 

their guts arid aggression, the 
Americans did not quite have 
the class to get away. 

The British eight con- 
centrated their minds well and 
rowing with Andy Holmes, the 
Olympic gold medal winner asa 
substitute, drew level at the 
threequarter mile and were a 
length ahead approaching the 
finish. The Americans, to their 
credit, pul in a final spurt and 
when the course ran out for 
them they were threequarters of 
a length down. It was a good 
Grand final. 

The Irish had a cracker in the 
Ladies' against Harvard 
University’s Freshmen. 
Dublin's Neptune led through- 
oul but not by much and there 
was only a canvas at the mile. 
Neptune answered in style 
everything that Harvard threw 
at them. The Irish coxswain, 
'Mousie' O'Brien, almost made 
the fetal mistake of taking his 
hands off the steering mecha- 
nism in a victory salute before 
his crew had crossed the line. He 
was smoking a fag before his 
crew found the energy to lift 
their shell off the water. 

Canada’s Ridley, with four 
Olympic gold medal winners on 
board, were pushed to a course 
record and half a length by 

London University's Tyrian in 
the Stewards. Hampton School, 
conceding 171b in weight, kept 
their rate realistically high and 
sensibly so to dispose of Bel- 
mont Hill School, of the United 
States, by half a length in the 
Princess Elizabeth. 

There was so much good 
racing to enthuse about yes- 
terday In the Visitors', Reading 
University, in a gutsy now, 
reeled back London University 
around the mile to win by 216 
lengths. London University, en 
route, set two intermediate 
course records. Bedford Star 
duly won the Britannia stroked 
by young junior international 

Anyway, by the end of the day 
the-almost local hero Steve 
Redgrave picked up the pieces, 
backed tv Andy Holmes, who 
earlier haul won the Grand, in 
the Silver Goblets. Redgrave 
and his partner beat the holdere, 
Ewan Pearson and David 
Riches, easily, and Redgrave 
must have been lifted by the 
sympathetic applause which 
ended his schizophrenic day. 




Motasey M Martov t» 2K. 7:1. 

London RC A bt EBzabattian by 3*. 7:12. 
imperial CoSega, London A bt University 
College. Gaf*ay by 2%, &53- 
RidtayCalege, Canada bt Oried CoBege. 
Oxford by 4%. 655. 

Queen Mother 

Rob Roy bt Maidenhead by 2K. 724. 
Tideway Sailers’ School and Northamp- 
ton bt Notts County by X. 7:10. 

Wyfold Cnp 

Notts County A M laa A by *.7:27. 
Charles River (US) bt Leander by 2. 7:17. 


Holmes end Redgrave (Leander and 
Marlowe) bt King and Stevens 
(Barclays Bank and Alton Blades), 
easily. &41. 

Pearson and Riches (Moiasey) bt RBech 
and Guppy (Leander) by 4)(, 8:19. 

Diamonds Sculls 


_ .by 2. 869. 

S G Redgrave (Marlow) WAPS 
Kittennaster (Barclays Banty by 4, 829. 

Visitors’ Cup 

London University bt Imperial CoBege. 

London A. Btoiiy. 735. 

Reading IMversny bt imperial CoBege, 
London B by 4K, 728. 

Britannia Cap 

Lea tt Vasia by 2ft 739sec. 

Betort Star bt Thames Tradonen by 5. 


The Grand 

University of Pennsylvania MSN 
d'Enqhien and Entente d'Aix las Bates 
by 4*. 652. 

Nautlus bt University 0* Wisconsin by 2%. 

Double sculls 

Parks and Charnclt (Charles River, US) bt 
Hassan and Semrener (Lea) by 2ft, 

Luke and Hancock (Uandaff and Derwent) 
M Heteinger and Graves (Cincinnati} by 

Stewards’ Cup 

Rtdby Coft 

Canada bt Hanss Don- 
ten. WG. 4ft. 7:18. 

Prince Philip 

AZS Szczecin and AZ5 Wroclaw bt 
Leanderby ft, 7:44. 

Thames T r ad e s m e n and Exeter bt Dart- 
mouth. US by 1 ft, 738. 

Princess Elizabeth 

Hampton School bt South Kent School, 
us. nasty, &S9. 

Belmont H* School. US bt SMplake 
College by 1, 654. 

Ladies’ Plate 

Harvard B bt Harvard A by ft, Bj35. 
Nepome bt Gart8 Stochana by ft. R33. 

Special Schools 

Latymer Upper bt Oratory by 4, 53. 
OundtebtTifSiby 1 ft. 68 . 

Pangmume College bt Bryanston by %. 

St George's Cottage bt Bedford School 1, 

Kingston GS M Cheltenham Coftge by ft 
Eton bt Monkton Combe by 2ft. 4:50. 

Second round 

King's School. Canterbury W St Paui'8 by 
ft. 438. 

St Edward's bt Abingdon by 3. 4:52. 
Rataey bt Latymer Upper by 2ft. 5*. 
Oundie bt Kings School Ely by 1, 520. 
Stvewsbury WRan^wume by 3ft. SH. 
Canton) bt St George's Goaege by IX. 

KCS WUnbtadon bt Kingston GS by ft. 


Etont Bradford GS. easily, 5:4. 

Third round 

RkU^ bt Kteip School. Cantorbuy by %. 

St Edward's bt Oundta by 4ft. 4:49. 
Shrewsbury bt Canton) by 3ft..4:3& 

Eton bt KCS Vtanbtadon by 1, 427. 




im^ertaiCoUegB. London A bt Moiesay by 

Ridtey CoBege. Canada tx London A by 
1 ft. 639. 



Nautilus bt University of Pennsylvania by 
ft. 6:16 

Diamond Sculls 


B- Eltang bt S-Q .Redgrave not rawed out 

Prince Philip 


AZS Szczecin and AZS Wroclaw bt 
Thwnes Tradesman and Exeter by 2ft, 

Wyfold Cnp 


Charles Rher RA USA M Notts Couny RA 
A by 4ft 7:02S8C- 

Ladies’ Plate 


Neptune M Harvard B by ft. 629. 

Stewards’ Cup 


Ridley. Canada bt London University 
Tyrian Cato by ft. 6:41 (record). 

Princess Elizabeth 


Hampton School bt Belmont HJ9 School. 
US by ft. 637. 

Double Sculls 


Perks and ChamoH (Charles River. US) bt 
Luke and Hancock (Ltandaff and Der- 
went) by 3ft, 7:32 



R^n^UntvarsIty bt London Univarsity 

The Britannia 


Bedford Star bt Lea by 4ft. 7:19 

Queen Mother 


Tideway Scuflars School and Northamp- 
ton bt Rob Roy by 4. 7:3. 

Silver Goblets 


Holmes and Redgrave [Leander and 
Marlow) bt Pearson and Riches 
(Molesey), easly. 7:39. 

Thames Cup 


RkJtey Collage. Canada bt imperial Cot- 
tage. London A by 1ft. 6:35. 

Special Schools 


St Edward’s M Eton by 3ft, 4:24. 
Shrewsbury br Radley by 1.433. 


St Edward's bt Shrewsbury by 1ft. 433. 


Cowdray Park impress 

By John Watson 

Cowdray Park achieved a 13- 
8 victory in iheir British Open 
match against Les Diabies Bleus 
at Midhurst yesterday, a great 
triumph considering they have 
had to bring in two team 
replacements owing to injuries. 

Martin Glue, though only 
rated at 4. was moved into their 
No 3 position, and he filled it 
with much panache with the 
Chilean 7-goaler. Samuel Mo- 
reno. going forward 10 No 1 
Grenville waddington proved 
very quick at One. while Paul 
Withers was ubiquitous and 
energetic as ever at back. 

Les Diabies relied too heavily 
on their 10-goaJ Mexican. 
Memo Grachia. a_ brilliant solo- 
ist. but not so impressive as 
pivot man. Well-knit Cowdrav 
went into a 4-0 lead in the first 
chukka and had the upper-hand 
throughout. Grachia was sent 
off the field for arguing with the 
umpires in the last chukka. 

COWDRAY PARK: 1. G Wadtangton (2)- 2 
S MOrao (7); 3. M Gkia [if Back;’ P 

Wituore (7), 

l£S KABl£S BLEUS; 1. Q VWdfiflSttim 

SkSSaboBfifriS^' rnii'^g n o. » t* n n n A T'«»Y <5 «>< 



Mansell creeps 
up to within 
a point of the 
world leader 


From John Blonsden, Dijon 

Nigel Mansell scored his 
third victory of the season for 
Canon Wilfiams here yester- 
day jo climb to within a point 
of the world championship 
leader. Alain ProsL whom he 
beat to the line by 1 7 seconds 
in the French Grand Prix. 

With Ayrton Senna losing 
control of his JPS Lotus on the 
fourth lap as a result or sliding 
on an oil slick left by another 
car and ending up against a 

tyre barrier after sliding 
through two rows of c3tch 
fencing, it was left to the 
Williams and Marlboro 
McLaren teams to fight a 
lonely battle at the front of the 
80-lap race. 

As expected, it was a hattle 
in which tyre wear played a 
decisive role, for the revised 
Paul Ricard circuit had 
proved to be a considerable 
consumer of rubber during the 
two days of practice and 
testing. The Williams team 
designer. Patrick Head, who 
also controls team strategy in 
the absence of Frank Wil- 
liams. elected to stop his cars 
twice for fresh tyres while 
McLaren had decided to nurse 
their cars through on just two 
sets of tyres after making one 

It looked as though the 
Williams tactics had won the 
day but as Mansell explained 
afterwards it had been closer 
than it had appeared “I had a 
close call early in the race 
when I hit that oil and slid off 

the track momentarily, and I 
also saw Alain get into trouble 
there as well. Then I found 
that mv fuel consumption was 
running too high after a few 
laps, so I had to turn down the 
boost Fortunately, after my 
second stop the pace of the 
race had cased 3 bit and this 
helped me to get back on 
schedule with the fuel meter.” 

Mansell had led from pole 
position for the first 24 laps 
before making his first tyre 
stop and letting Prost and 
Kcke Rosberg through in their 
McLarens. When Rosberg 
stopped on lap 30 Mansell 
moved back up to second and 
on lap 36 he retook the lead 
when Pros! made his change 
of tyres. 

He managed to build his 
lead to 17 seconds before his 
second pit call on lap 33 but 
although the Williams team 
goi him away again in under 
eight seconds the additional 
time lost through slowing 
down and then accelerating 
back into the race meant that 
Prost was again back in first 
place. Mansell quickly closed 
the gap and retook the lead on 
lap 59. 

“Even then 1 couldn’t relax, 
despite gaining about a second 
a lap fairly consistently. Alain 
is not only a magnificent 
driver, he is also a magnificent 
manager of his own race and 1 
fell sure he would pot me 
under big pressure during the 
closing laps. Fortunately, he. 

The triumphant 
too. had had to back off the 
boost and so you can say I am 
a very relieved as well as a 
very happy winner today.” 

Mansell's team partner. 
Nelson Piquet, held a firm 
fourth place for much of the 
race but in the closing laps he 
mounted a strong challenge on 
Rosberg and moved into third 
position eight laps from the 
end. The Ligier team once 
more proved to be the best ol 
the rest with Rene Arnoux and 
Jacques Laflite finishing fifth 
and sixth, a lap in arrears after 
another encouraging race. 

It was a miserable race for 
the JPS Lotus team, who had 
been hoping to give the latest 
Renault engine a full-length 
race test in Senna's car. John- 

roar of the Canon: Mansell takes the chequered flag in his Wfllsams-Honda 

ny Dumfries, however, made 
an excellent start in the second 
car and held sixth place for 
several laps before his first pit 
stop. Shortly afterwards he 
was hit by another car as he 
was in the process of lapping 
and received a puncture. 
Eventually his race ended with 
engine failure. 

Derek Warwick had "to 
make an unscheduled early 
stop for tyres on his Brabhaxn- 
BMW but thereafter ran reli- 
ably to become the top British 
.finisher in ninth place, one 
ahead of Martin Brundle, 
whose progress with his Data 
General Tyrrell was hampered 
severely in the closing Japs 
after the loss of fourth gear. 
The Tyrrell team suffered a 



Another Bislett chapter of Penalties 
triumph and truculence 

From Pat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent, Oslo x ^ 

There was a familiar tale at 
the famous Bislett Stadium here 
on Saturday night a world 
record and a British star refus- 
ing to talk to the media. 

The world record, her third in 
three years here, was the 46th m 
this stadium since 1924 and it 
went to Ingrid Kristiansen, 
wresting the international head- 
lines back home to Norway after 
eight years of British domina- 
tion. Taking three-quarters of a 
minute off her own 10,000 
metres world record with 30 
minutes 13.74 seconds was a 
remarkable achievement, even 
considering that the evert is in 
its infancy for women. 

The British star showing a 
truculent face to the media after 
demonstrating that his 
Commonwealth and European 
preparation is going perfectly 
with a 3:48 JO mile victory was 
Steve Cram. And that is a great 
shame. It seems that Cram feels 
that be was led into overstating 
bis criticism of Sebastian Coe 
and Steve Ovett for not contest- 
ing the national championships 
or representing England 

In the past, Cram has treated 
the “loaded” questions and 
sensationalist approach to 
reporting with the contempt it 
deserves. Bat at Crystal Palace 
and Gateshead Press con- 
ferences it did not take much 
prompting to solicit his very- 
strong views on the absence of 
Coe and Ovett. And It may be 
that he is angry with himself for 
what he sees as a temporary 
lapse in the exemplary behav- 
iour that be has shown both on 
and off the track since be 
attended his first international 
championship, the Common- 
wealth Games eight years ago. 

The irony of Ovett’s former 
refusal to talk to the media is 
that be is now talking to the 
entire nation as a television 

Another excess that Cram 
may regret was the eccentric 

pace in Saturday's mile, with a 
5324 seconds first quarter by 
James Mayes, which left Cram 
flagging on the last lap as Steve 
Scott closed rapidly. But nobody 
should be thinkin g of world 
records in only their fourth race 
of the season when they have 
two major championships 
ahead- And Cram is looking 
good for'- Edinburgh in three 
weeks time and Stuttgart late 
next month. 

Mrs Kristiansen's opponents 
in the 10.000 metres in Stuttgart 
should look no higher than 
second place. Her performance 
on Saturday is the best at the 
distance since Ron Clarke took 
34.6 seconds off the men's 
record In the same stadium in 
1965. And although Mrs 
Kristiansen showed a similar 
championship frailty to Clarke 
when she could only finish 
fourth in the Olympic marathon, 
there does not seem to be 
anybody of the quality of Oppo- 
nents who deprived the prolific 
world record breaking Clarke of 
a championship victory to sur- 
prise Mrs Kristiansen. Es- 
pecially since she confidently- 
predicted that she will take 
another 30 seconds off this 

If the scandalous decision to 
eliminate lapped runners in 
May's United Kingdom 10.000 
metres championship had been 
repeated in this Mobil grand 
prix race, Mrs Kristiansen 
would have finished by herself 
instead of having to barge 
through a group of her 27 
competitors to get to the finish 
line. She coaid also have done 
without a pacemaker. For when 
she took the lead under three 
kilometres, she ran the next 
three kilometres within fractions 
of three minutes each, the result 
of some curious distance train- 
ing — Mrs Kristiansen has been 
using a treadmill for 40 minutes 
at a time to perfect her pace 

The men's 10,000 metres was 

almost as spectacular daring the 
race, but much more so after- 
wards. For the winner in his 
debut at the distance was Said 
Aouita, the Moroccan Olympic 

5.000 metres champion and 
world record holder. Aooita.woa 
in 27.26.1 1. 13 seconds outside 
the world record, which he later 
said he wonld easily have broken 
had he .not been spiked on the 
fourth of the 25 laps. He was 
certainly spiked and needed 
three stitches in his left ankle, 
which will keep him out of 
competition for two weeks. 

But if Aouita wins gold medals 
for his track performances, he 
deserves an Oscar for his Press 
conferences. It is more a case of 
“loaded” answers with Aouita. 
Talk of world records is normal 
from the Moroccan, it is just a 
case of how many be intends to 
break this week. To shorten a 
long story (and it always is with 
Aouita), he wanted ns to know 
that Alberto Cora was the 
culprit who did the spiking. 

With 37 competitors, the 
video evidence was inconclusive. 
But Cora, as well as being 
Olympic, world and European 
champion at 10,000, is also 
Italian. Aouita lives in Italy, and 
happened to mention before the 
race that he wanted to drive 
Cova up to the marathon 

He also said: “When I discov- 
ered tonight just how easy the 

10.000 is, I realized why Cova is 
winning all the time.” And 
Aorila said, in the only moment 
of coyness^ “Figure it out for 

Jack Buckner had an impres- 
sive runaway win in the 3,000 
metres, perfect preparation for 
his Commonwealth 5,000 me- 
tres. And Heike Drecbsler ran a 
wind-aided 1031 seconds 100 
metres, another superb perfor- 
mance for a woman who has only- 
taken op sprinting this season. 
She has set three world records 
in the last fortnight. 

Penalty shoot-outs could help 
shape the new-look Football 
League. The sudden-death 
drama, highlighted in the quar- 
ter- finals of the World Cup, will 
be employed if the League's 
American-styte play-off sysiem 
fails to settle end-of-season 

“It would be an absolute 
tragedy if we do get promotion 
and relegation settled by 
penalties," admitted the League 
president, Philip Carter. “But 
what else can you do? Clubs 
could go on playing until 

The revolutionary develop- 
ment has been agreed by the 
League's management commit- 
tee and is bound to provoke a 
mixed reaction among clubs. Mr 
Carter, the Everxon chairman, 
added: “We want to be as fair as 
possible, but we have terrible 
time restraints.” 

Football's restructuring win 
see the first division cut by two 
clubs over the next two years. 
For seasons 1986-87 and 1987- 
88 three clubs will definitely be 
relegated to the second division, 
but only two from the second 
will be guaranteed promotion. 

However, as agreed earlier 
this year at the League’s extraor- 
dinary general meeting, the side 
finishing fourth from bottom in 

the top flight, plus the third, 
fourth and fifth-placed teams in 
the second, will play off for an 
additional “promotion” place. 
• The Football Association 
have given the go-ahead for the 
continuation of random drug- 
icsiing at League matches. They 
revealed that in the seven 
seasons of tests, only one (un- 
named) player has been found to 
have used a banned substance, 
and that was a medicine he did 
not know was prohibited. 





From Michael Scott 
Spa, Belgium 

Randy Mamola again showed 
supremacy in the rain yesterday, 
when he rook his Lucky Strikes- 
sponsored Yamaha to the 
convincing victory in an in- 
cident-packed Belgian Grand 

While a number of other top 
riders tumbled off at the notori- 
ous Spa hairpin Mamola forged 
ahead, pulling off three seconds 

a lap on second placed Eddie 
Lawson's Marlborough 
Yamaha, which in turn drew 
away from the rest of the field. 

Frenchman Christian Saron 
emerged from the confusion to 
take third, making it a Yamaha 
team clean sweep, with fourth 
placed Wayne Gardner 
(Rothmans Honda ) lucky to 
survive a mistake when he 
locked up the front wheel and 
took to the escape road. He 
rejoined five places down, in 
eighth, and worked his way up 
again, pushing the British 
Yamaha rider Rob McElnca to 
filth at three-quarter distance. 

Victims of the hairpin in- 
cluded Ron Haslam fEJf- 
Hondal. the British-based 
Australian Paul Lewis (Heron 
Suzuki). Raymond Roche 
(Honda), of France, and Mike 
Baldwin (Yamaha), of the 
United States. None was hurt, 
but Roche's incident was 
frightening. He was thrown off. 
bui the bike continued on its 
wheels, running into the crash 
barrier just short of a number of 
pit crew members. 

Mamola's victory, his first for 
O'er a year, displaces Gardner 
in second place tn the 
championship and pulls him 
closer to title leader Lawson. 

further blow when Philippe 
Streiff halted his car alongside 
the pit wall with the back of it 
alight after a turbo failure and 
as a result of the pathetically 
slow-io-reacl fire-fighting ser- 
vices the car was severely 
damaged before the blaze was 

Mansell (GB) Williams. Ihr 37min 
t9272sec ;2, A Prost (Fr) McLaren, 
1:37:36.400; 3. N Piquet (Br) Wil- 
liams. 1:37:56.817; 4. K Rosberg 
(Fin) McLaren. 1:38:07.975; 5. R 

Zakspeed. 34; 16. P Streiff (Fr) 

Tyrrell. 37; 17, H - 

(Noth) Zakspeed. 48; 18. A Berg 
(Can) OseJIa, 55; 19. G Berger 
(Austria) Benetton. 58; 20. TFabi (IQ 
Benetton. 73: 21. S Johansson 
(Swe) Ferrari. 75: 22. A Senna (Br) 

Lotus 77: 23, P Ghlnzani (IQ Osetia. 
77; 24. A Nannlni (10 Minardi. 77; 25. 
A de Cesaris (10 Minardi, 77; 26. A 

A de Cesaris (10 Min 
Jones (Aus) Lola. 78. 

, 77; 26. A 

etgftt races): 1 . A Prost (Fr) 39pts;2, 
N Mansell (GB) 38; 3. A Senna (GB) 
36; 4. N Piquet (Brt 23: 5. K Rosberg 
(fin) 17; 6. J Lafftte (Fr) 14; 7, R 

Arnoux (Fr) 8; 6, S Johansson (Swe) 
7: 9. G Bern sr (Austria) 6; M 

Alboreto (it) Ferrari, two: 9. D 
Warwick (GB) Brabham, three; 10, 

_jrgsr (Austria) 6: M 
Alboreto 00 6: f 1 . M Bninde (GB) 2; 
T Fabi 00 2; R Patrese (10 2. 

M Brundle (GB) TyrreB, three: 11. C 
Danner (WG) Arrows, four; 12. T 
Boutsen (Bel) Arrows. 13: 13. P 
Tambay (Fr) Lola, 16. 14. J Dumfries 
(GB) Lotus, 24; 15, J Palmer (GB) 


Early Hinault 
setback in Tour 

From John Wiicockson, Li even 

Questions were being posed 
yesterday during the third stage 
of the Tour ■ de France, on 
whether Bernard Hinault has 
already lost his chance of win- 
ning the race for a -record sixth 
C/me. His team. La Vie Claire, 
finished only fifth on the 35- 
mile team lime trial on Saturday 
afternoon, and lost almost two 
minutes to the winning SystCme 
U formation of his big French 
rival. Laurent Fignon. 

The banners and placards 

held by the fans massed along 
the sides of the twisting roads 
through the cornfields of Pic- 
ardy yesterday, proclaimed: 
“Bon courage Hinault Win 
your sixth tour.” The whole 
"French nation echoes this wish, 
but the indications of him 
succeeding are not good. 

Asked before the start of the 
stage in Paris about his team's 
poor performance. Hinault re- 
plied: "We had some- problems 
in the early kilometres when we 
had to watt for our Swiss rider. 
Winterberg. because of the knee 
he injured in the morning. But 
there were only two. sometimes 
three, of the team who were 
riding strongly.” 

His co-team leader. Greg 
LeMond. of (he Llnited States, 
had a slightly different explana- 
tion. He said: “For most of i he 
time trials only Steve (Bauer) 
and I were leading the team. 
When we rode at the speed we 
knew was needed to win, the 
others couldn't keep up with us, 
even HinaulL” 

Bauer, his Canadian friend 
and team colleague, concurred 
with this assessment. He added: 
“Last week. Greg and 1 were 
training hard, including motor- 
paced training, but not the 
others in the team.” 

raining. He explained: “1 have 

There were happier ex- 
pressions on the faces of Fignon 

— who said it was loo early to 
predict the outcome of the tour 

— and Robert Miliar, whose 
Panasonic team faced third in 
the team time trial. 

Millar's Australian team- 
mate. Phil Anderson, said: 
“Robert was very strong in the 
time trial. Much stronger than 

This was not surprising, be- 
cause Anderson had figured in 
the breakaway group during 
Saturday morning's 53-mile 
road race stage from Nanterre to 

Anderson finished fourth of 
the stage, just ahead of the hero 
of the day, Alex Stieda. from 
Coquitlam. British Columbia. 
Stieda. the member of the 
American team 7-Eleven, was 
caught by Anderson's group 
after a 33-mile solo break that 
netted him three time bonuses 
and the leadership of five com- 
petitions. including the Yellow 
jersey. He is the first Canadian 
to-achieve th/s feat 

Slieda's glory lasted only a 
few hours, because his team 
suffered a crash and three 
punctures, and lost five minutes 
in the team time trial. Other 
squads fared even 
worse.including the Colombian 
teams which bad six of their 
men eliminated for finishing 
outside the time limiL 

Yesterday's 133-mile stage 
was due to finish much later 
than usual because of French 
television's request to schedule 
it after their coverage of the 
men's final at Wimbledon. 

Hinault himself took two 
days' rest after quitting the Tour 
of Brittany race. Yesterday the 
3 1 -year-old Breton was. un- 
usually for him. wearing sun- 
glasses. even though it was 

It was significant that a break 
made by two Belgians, a Dutch- 
man and a Frenchman was 
chased and caught by the main 
group led by Fignon's team, 
after creating a near four-minute 
lead in the opening 30 miles. 


Lynagh does level best 

Brisbane (Reuter) — Michael 
Lynagh. the fly half, equalled his 
own Australian record of 23 
points as Australia crushed 
Argentina 39-19 in the first 
international yesterday. Lynagh 
kicked five penalties and four 
conversions as Australia ran riot 
against the tourists. 

Brett Papworlh. the centre, 
scored two brilliant tries while 
recalled winger. Peter Grigg. and 
full back. David Campese, also 
crossed the Argentina line. The 
Wallabies gave a magnificent 
display of scrummaging and 
lineoul work, winning 75 per 
cent of the ball: their tackling 
was also of the highest standard. 

Argentina's only points of the 

first half came from 3 penalty by 
veteran fly half. Hugo Porta, but 
they recovered some of their 
pride with three excellent sec- 
ond half tries. Porta was forced 
to Jeove the field midway 
through the second half- with a 
recurrence of the leg injury 
which has been troubling him 
lor the past week buL to their 
credit. Argentina refused to give 

Fabian Turtles scored a fine 
try from broken play and Diego 
Cucsia Silva snatched another 

SCORERS: Australia: Tries: B Papwonn 

Tomes. Penalty: H Porta. Conversions: H 
Pana. R Madera. 



Third Comfiid Test match 
(11.0. 90 overs minimum) 
EDG8AST0N: England v Incfia 
Tour match 
(11.0. 92 overs minimum) 

HOVE: Sussex v New Zealanders 
Britannic Assurance 
County Championship 
(11.0 . 110 overs mi rum urn) 
CARDIFF: Glamorgan v Gloucs 
DERBY; Derbyshire v Kent 


OLD TRAFFORD: Lancs v Essex 

TAUNTON; Somerset v Hampshire 
THE OVAL: Surrey v Worthams 
UXBRIDGE: Middlesex v Warwicks 
WORCESTER: WOrcs v Notes 

Second Unf-Vfte 
women’s Test match. 

BLACKPOOL: England v imSa 
ICC Trophy final 
LORO'S: Zimbabwe v The 

Austaih Cornwall v Somerset 11: ButgMey 
Park: Lincolnshire v CambuogBahne. 


BOWLS: Man’s home knemattonaS-fet 


CROQUET: MecRobertson SMeM series 
Austria v New Zealand (zf Soutfiwfckj: 
Cotctieswr tournament. 

GOLF; RAF xvSnrtua cnamptonsWps (a 
Burtmam and Berrawl: Open champion, 
shrp quaWytng rat GterawrvW. Higgs 
Castle. Hartdey common, Langley Pork. 
Urartck. UtOe Aston, Onwfldrfc and 
Porters Park). 

SHOOTING: Combined Sanocss meeting 
(at Beley) 

SPEEDWAY: fttf onM League: Exeter v 
EdmtHjrgti. British L osgue: Reading v 
Cradtey Heath: Wo hw t ampion v ipnriOi. 
TENNIS: O ett far d senior tournament (at 

Bedford LTCfc East of England ctiampioa* 
stups (at Fenxsmm LTCf. »'> 


Ballesteros keeps 
his unbeaten 
sequence intact 

From Mitchell Platts, Paris 

Severiano Ballesteros will 
move on to ibe Open 
Championship, which starts at 
Tumberrv on Thursday week, 
with his 'astonishing unbeaten 
run still intact following his 
victory in the Rsugeot French 
Open on the La Bouhe course 
here yesterday. Ballesteros has 
now won four successive tour- 
naments on the European cir- 
cuit. It constitutes a record — 
Nick Faldo had three in a row in 
1983 — since the British PGA 
and the Continental champion- 
ships were first co-ordinated 10 
1970. , 

The power and grace 01 
Ballesteros' artistry have en- 
abled him to grow from the 
seven-year-old boy who first 

learned the game by hitting 
pebbles with a club comprised of 

pebbles with a club comprised of 
a rusting iron head attached to a 
stick into the finest golfer in the 

He has now won no fewer 
than 47 tournaments. including 
two Opens and two US Masters, 
since he first came 10 prom- 
inence in the Open Champion- 
ship in 1976. Then, at the age ot 
19. he led after three rounds 
only to finish runner-up to 
Johnny Miller. Yet his latest 
achievement is quite remark- 
able. considering the pressur- 
ized arena of modern-day golf. 

Ballesteros began with a 
three-stroke lead .front Vicente 
Fernandez, of Argentina, but on 
a course softened by rain for the 
first time during the tournament 
he compiled a virtually flawless 
round. ' ' 

In the end he could afford to 
smile in spite' of taking three 
puns on the last green as he 

-savage conditions in -which 
Ballesteros honed bis game on 
his home course at the Real 
Club of Pedrena ... 

He made a conservative start, 
wuh seven successive pare. 
Then, as xf galvanized by the 
progress of Longer and Faldo, he ■ 
pushed his foot, flat .10 the 
boards. He holed from 1 2 feet a 1 
the long eighth for a four, then 
from six feet for another birdie 
at the ninth.. 

In truth. Fernandez;. wt?a 
gathered three birdies to match 
Ballesteros’ outward. .34. -re, 
mamed a distinct threat; as he 
went on to birdie both the 1 0th 
and 14th holes. But Ballesteros 
was playing alongside tile dim 
Argentinian and always, ap- 
peared to have sufficient in 
reserve. ’ ' ' 

Ballesteros remained in com- 
mand with a two at foe L3th 
and. in reiainibgtbe ' French 
Open title, 86 under 
par for the 32 rounds he -has 
played in Europe this season; . 

He will almost certainly start 
as the favourite lo'-.-wm iai 
Turnberry. Ballesteros. ufll be 
eagerly seeking the £70.000 firet . 
prize which would enable him to 
become foe first player to. earn 
£1 million on 'foe European 
circuit. . 

T anger. OUt in 33- at Dne.Slage 
edged to wiibin one stroke, of 
Ballesteros but be dropped shots 
at. two of foe short holes coming 
home. Langer has not won fots 
year, buu like Faldo, who. lost 
momentum only when he drove 
into the trees to take'seven-al the 
eighth, should be encouragpdby 
his efforts. * 1 

completed, a 69 for a winning 
aggregate of 269, which is 19 
under par. Ballesteros won by 
two strokes from Fernandez 
(68). with Bernhard Langer (68). 

■tttari): 26B: S BafestKOS 

Constructors: 1. Wffliams-Honda, 
61pts; 2. McLaren-TAG 56; 3, 
Lotus-Renault 36; 4. Ugier-Renauit 
22: 5. Ferrari 13; 6, Benetton-BMW 
8; equal 7, TyrreH-Renault and 
Brabbam-BMW 2. 

Ungw (VW5L . ... — , . 

274: N EakJo. 66, 70. 68, 70- 27& R 
Hartmann (US 1.71 , 69. 67. 68; A SaavocTa 
(ArcA.71. 68. 68L70.Z78: R Lae. 88.70.86. 

1 70.278: R Lae. 88.70.66. 



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Japan’s lost weekend 

By Joyce Whitehead v \ 

England beat Japan 3-0 on 
Saturday and 2-1 yesterday. In 
the firet match Julie Bannister 
(Cheshire) and Vickey Dixon 
(Cambridgeshire) scored before 
Sandy Lister (Suffolk) added a 
third after a brilliant solo run. 

Y esterday Kate Parker 
(Middlesex) was the scorer, her 
firet goal was lucky but the 
second ended a classic move 
with Karen Brown (Surrey). 
These two are starting 10 play 
well together. The clever 

Kuniko Hori. of Tenri. Univer- 
sity. scored for the visitors. 

The Japanese tend to find the 
English physique a^- -bit 
overpowering. England had in- 
numerable chances and eight 
penalty corners went a begging.- , 

Japan, who have not qualified 
for foe World Cup. will- now 
play Wales , in Newtown-. ; En- 
gland. in their build-up to foe 
World Cup in August wilf meet 
Ireland in Dublin. 



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Today’s television and radio programmes “«« Kf” 


f s lost weeke& ; 


6.00 CaefaxAM. 

6J0 Breakfast Tom with 
Debbie Greenwood and 

Wckfloss. Weather at 

• 6*56, 7.25,7.55, &25 and 
BSS; regional news, 
weafter and traffic at 6^7, 
7.27, 7.57 and 837; 
Babonal and international 
news at 7.00, 7,3a BJXL 

7 JO and 8^0; and a 
- review of the morning 

• newspapers at M7. pius. 

Lynn Fauids Wood's 
consumer report; and the 
utsst pop musfc news ' 
from Steve Blackneli. 
Among the guests Is Marti 

&20 Ceefax ltL30 Play School. 

0.50 Cricket: TMid Teat Peter 
West introduces coverage 
• of the fourth day's ptawm 

the game at Edgbaston 
between England and 

"1*05 News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore, 
includes news headlines 
with subtitles 1-20 
Regional news and 
weather. tJffi Postman 

.1.40 Cricket: Third Test. 
Further coverage of the 
game at Edgbaston. 
{continued on BBC 2) 4.12 
Regional news. 

4.15 Dastardly and Mutfte».(r) 
4J5 Wacky Races, (r) 

- 4 -3SThe Kids of Degrassi 

' Street Adventures of a 

grwpofyoufHjstBrs living 

5.00 John Craven’s 
Newsround 5.05 Blue 
Peter Foes the World. 

4 Simon Groom and Janet 

r BSs begin a tour of 

■- Australia In Sydney. Then, 

Simon meets a mini- 
monster from the Great 
' Barrier Reef, and Janet 
visits the mysterious and 
somewhat sinister Ayres 
Rock. (Ceefax) 

:5J5 Rolf Harris Cartoon Time. 

6.00 News with Sue Lawiey and 
Nicholas WitcheH. 

; Weather. 

,5J5 London Plus. 

■7J0 Wogaa Tonight's guests 
include Vanessa 
, Redgrave; leading pok> 

- player, Julian Hipwood; 
and Fifties singing star, 
Joan Regan. Pius a song 
from Tom Robinson. 

'7.35 The Rock ’ll' Rod Years. 
1965, the year Winston 
Churchill and Richard 
Dfmbleby died as did 
. Harold Macmillan's 
grandson - from a heroin 
overdose while at Oxford; 
and the Beatles were 
awarded the M.B.E 
Musical memories are 
provided by, among 
others, The Rolling 
Stones, Marianne Faithful!. 
Joan Baez and The Byrds. 
8.05 ft's Your Move. American 

* d ome stic comedy series. 
.&30 HePs Befls. Scandal 

• strikes in the Cathedral 

- Close when a verger and 
' the clerk are caught 

drinking after-hours In a 
' gaycfuB. Setwyntriesto 
calm the clerk when, 

’ ashamed of the stigma. -- 
. attached to hrm, he 
threatens to throw tnnself 

* off the Town Hall roof. 

>SJ)0 News with Jufia Somerville 
and Andrew Harvey. 

-130 Panorama: DROPS -A 
. Scandal in Defence? 

1 Richard Lindtey reports on 
, the Ministry of Defence’s 
decision not to allow a 
company which had 
' designed an ingertous 
system to supply 
ammunition to guns to 

“ attend Army trials with 
•other companies 
competing for the same 
J business, thereby denying 

* . . our soltSers a chance to 

». have the best equipment 

10.10 Come Dendng. Tnelirst 

* Vofanewsertes, 

■ introduced by David 
Jacobs. From the Tower 
Ballroom, Blackpool, 

Home Counties North 
challenge Wales. 

1855 Turns. Jimmy Perry 

remembers the vanety hati 
stars of the Thirties dnd 
-Forties, (r) 

11.25 Rhoda. Comedy, series 
about an independent 
New Yorker, (r) 

1150 Weather. 


6.15 Good 

Morning Brils 
ntad by Anne 

Diamond and Nick Owen. 
News with Gordon 
Honeycombeat 6.30, 7.00, 
750, loo, 130 and &00; 
financial news at 6.35: 
sport at 640, 740 and 
840; exercises at 655 and 
8*22; cartoon at7J5; pop 
video at 755; Joe 
Steeptes's television 
highlights at B.35; radaJ 
awareness in the nursery 
discussed by Yasmin 


9.25 Thames naws heacSnes 
foflowed by Ftinc The 
Pleasure of His Company 
(1961) starring Fred 
Astyalre and Debbie 
Reynolds. Musical 
romance about a wayward 
ex-husband who turns up 
at his former wife's home 
at the time of Ms 
daughter's marriage. 
Directed by George 
Seaton 11.15 Cartoon 

11.25 Home Cookery 
Chib. Fisherman's Special. 

11.30 About Britten, David Bean 
talks about the uncanny 
rapport he has with 

1240 Alphabet Zoo. Ns rys 

Hughes and Ralph McTeU 
with Uwence the Lion, (r) 

12.10 Levs Pretend to the 
tale of tea Doctor's Big 

1240 FeeHng 5affer?. The 
range of treatments 
offered by conventional 
and alternative medicines 
for the cure of headaches. 

1.00 News at Ono with Leonard 
Parkin 1.20 Thames news. 

140 Ftkn: Urey Met in the 
Dark* (1943) starring 
James Mason and David 
Farrar. A Second World 
War drama about a naval 
commander who is 
dismissed from the service 
after obeying orders 
substituted by enemy 
agents for the real ones. 
Directed by Karel Lamac. 

345 Thames news heaffifnes 
340 The Young Doctors. 

440 AphabetZoouArepeatof 
the programme shown at 
noon 4.10 The Moontins. 
Cartoon series, (r) 440 
She-Ra: Princess of 
Power. Animated science 
fiction adventures. 

445 DramaranraAcoupieof 
Charges. A drama about a 
young schootooy who is 
befog HHreated at home. 
(Oracle) 5.15 Diffrent 
Strokes. American 
comedy series. 

5.45 News 6.00 Thames news. 

645 What ft’s Worth. Penny 
Junorand David Stafford 
answer viewers' consumer 

Mkic Ford aad Bernard Hflt ( afread 
Mountain Men, BBC2* 940pm ] oppos 

•The medium is superior to 
the message In the operingfflm 
ofThamesTelevision sTHE 

ENGUSH HOUSE If TV, 7.00pm). 

Pnxfucer-direcfor Richard 
Mervyn has made terrific use of 
his new toy, a helicopter- 
housed camera system that 
gives sharp, steady pictures 
at ail altitudes white gHffing 

what we 

always hoped aerial 
photography would one day 
become. Now, we need no 
longer envy -the Wnds-The price 
we pay for this 
unprecedented view of the 
nation’s domestic 
architecture Is that we simply 
cannot concentrate on Alan 
Gore's commentary, spoken by 
Nicholas Geeks, which is 


score. Compounded of bits of 
Byrd, Britten, Elgar, Vaughan 
williams ef a/, it sounds exactly 
Bke the kind of music these 
castles and stately homes am* 
river reaches would make if 
only they could manage to be as 
as audibly splendid as they 
are visually ravishing. The EhgSs/: 
House comes down to earth 
Cm the technological sense) next 
week. Presumably, itwfKthen 
be possible to make a better 
evaluation of the Gore/Gecks 

9.30pm).the story of how 
Paccard (village GP) and Bafmat 

PownaB’s script, Baimat hurls 
rude words like "bastard!" at Ms 
feOow climber through gritted 
teeth, and says he wants to go 
home. As for the GP, aH he 
will say about his selected route 
is “Straight up!". "The history 
books credit Baimat with the 
lion's share of the glory for 
the climb. PownaS Interprets the 
facts differently.Tonlght's film 
is a great improvement on last 
week's about Lucy 
Walker.aithough I cannot work 
out why. with me mountain 
winds roaring around the 
climbers like lions, not a hair 
stirs or a flag flutters or a toggle 

already getting some stiff 
opposition from the musical 

Paccard (village GP) and Baftnat 
(mountain guide) conquered 
Mont Blanc, is not your average 
tale of heroic strength forced 
through fraternal unity. InDavid 

•Radio choice: Herbta 
conducts the BBC Philharmonic 
in the Mahler 6 (Radio 3. 


Peter Davalle 

645 Crossroads. Mors 
machinations at the 
Midlands moteL 

7.00 7he English Hous& The 
first of seven programmes 
- traefoo the history of the 
English house, (see 
- . Choice) (Oracle) 

740 Coronation Street How 
does Rita stand with Aian 
Bradley? (Oracle) 

840 In Lovong Memory. 
Comedy series about a 
' Northern firm of famOy 
. undertakers, (r) 

640 Worfd in Action: The 
Wlrecutters. A report on 
the people who took part 
in the weekend's 
'Snowball' anti-nuclear 
campaign and what they 
hoped to achieve by 
cutting perimeter fences of 
United States Air Force 
bases fo Britain. 

940 Rebrni to Eden. Stephanie 
is still haunted by the 
memory of the crocodile 
attack. And who wouldn't 
be? (Oracle) 

1040 News at Ten. 

1040 The New Avengers- 
Purdey is the target of 
killers on a sinister Island 
housing a kidnapped 
scientist Starring Patrick 
Macnee and Joanna 

1140 TTwSwSebate. Thames 
area MPs debate tho 
motion This House caBs 
for the total abortion of 
corporal punishment In 

1245 Night Thoughts. 

655 Open University: Maths - 
Conics. Ends at 740. 

940 Ceefax. 

940 The Lords This Week. A 
repeat of last Friday's 
programme of highbghts 
from the week's 
proceedings In the House 
of Lords, presented by 
Christopher Jones. 

1040 Ceefax. 

4.10 Cricket Third Test 
Coverage of the final 
session of the fourth day’s 

play in the match at 
Edgbaston between 
England and India. 
Introduced by Peter West 

6.10 FOnc The Red Badge of 
Courage* (1951) starring 
Audio Murphy. The story 
of a young northern farm 
boy recruit during the 
dying days of the 
American Civil War. The 
fQm chroMdes the young 
man's blooding In his first 
battle, a test tHat he fads. 
Angry with himself fix’ 
running away, he becomes 
more determined to 
succeed in tite future, and 
returns to his decimated 
regiment in which he is 
destined to become a 
hero. John Huston 
directed this powerful anti- 
war story, based on 
Stephen Crane's classic 

7.15 Cartoon TWa Harlem 

740 Splft Screen, presented by 
Laurie Taylor. Euthanasia 
is the contentious subject 
of this week's pair of titans. 
Against is a film made 
under the directorial 
control of Dr CoKn Currie, 
a consultant geriatrician; 
against is one made by the 
voluntary Euthanasia 
Society. Presented by 

Laurie Taylor. 

8.00 The Stable of Liberty. A 
documentary celebrating 
the 100th anniversary of 
the celebrated American 
landmark. Frederic 
Bartholdi's sculpture was 
first conceived over dinner 
in Paris in 1865 and 
presented 21 years later to 
the American people as a 
gesture of international 

friendship. The 

documentary includes 
antiiive fflm, photographs 
and paintings, tracing the 
. story of tiie statue, and the 
thoughts of several 
prominent Americans on 
the subject 

9.00 H3ary. The first in a new 
series of the" comedy show 
starring Marti Caine as a 
researcher for a teievison , 
chat show. 

940 Mountain Men. The Great 
White Mountain. A 
dramatization of the 
events that led to the 
’ conquest of Mont Blanc. 
Starring Bernard Hifl and 
Mick Ford. (Ceefax) (see 

1030 Newsmght includes a 

report from David Sella fo 
Paris on the French 
government's decision to 
seB a national television 
channel to private 

11.15 Weather. 

11140 Cricket Third Test 

Highlights of the fourth 
day's play at Edgbaston fo 
the match between 
England and India, 
introduced by Richie 

1150 Open University: Opening 
Principles. Ends at 1240. 

Radio 4 

240 Sea War*. This final 
programme of the 1960 
series tracing the role of 
the Royal Navy during the 
Second World War covers 
the time from the fafl of 
Hong Kong and Singapore 
to the end of the war at 
sea three years later. 

3.00 Hands. The Donegal 
carpet makers of 

340 Caught in a Free State. 
Part two of the drama 
serial about German spies 
in neutral Ireland during 
the Second World War. 
(Oracle) (r) 

440 Dancin' Days. Cefina- 
throws a dinner party, and 
there is a surprise 
celebration for Marisa. 

540 Afiee. Vera's and EUiotf s 
landlady faDs madly in love 
with Mel when she invites 
him to dinner and he 
complimets her on her 

540 Stents, Please*. Part one 
of a condensed version of 
D.W.Griffith's Orphans of 
the Storm in which Lillian 
and Dorothy Gish play two 
orphans who are 
marooned In Paris at the 
time of the French 

6.00 Up and Cotting. Damian 
Gorman, a Roman 
Catholic poet from 
Northern Ireland, talks to * 
Michele Roberts about his 
work and performs some 
of his poetry at the Drill 
Hall Arts Centre, London. 

640 1966 Tour de France. 
Highlights of the fourth 
stage - from Lievin to 
Evraux, a distance of 
almost 250 kilometres, 
one of the longest stages 
of the race. Presented by 
Nick Owen with 
commentary by Phil 
Liggett and Paul Sherwen. 

7.00 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons and 
Nicholas Owen, includes 
an interview with BL 
chairman, Graham Day, on 
the day of his company's 

750 Comment from seaside 
landlady, Jill PasiuL 

8.00 Brookside. B9ly is 
approached about a iob - 
but is wary because ft 
sounds too good to be 

840 The Kit Curran Radio 
Stow. Comedy series 
starring Denis Lawson as 
scheming, lying disc 
jockey on a small-time 
radio station. This evening 
his sinecure Is threatened 
by the arrival of a new 

940 St Elsewhere. Dr Momson 
is concerned for the 
welfare of his girlfriend 
and asks her to come and 
live with him - with 
unexpected results. 

955 On Indian Land. The story 
of how the Gitskan and 
Wet'suwefen Indians had 
their 22,000 square miles 
of Northern British 
Columbia reduced by the 
white man to reservations 
amounting to 45 square 
miles over a period of 50 

1055 The Eleventh Hour Ftfor 
Frida (1985) starring Ofella 
Medina and Claudio 
Brook. A dramatization of 
the life of Mexican painter 
and revolutionaiy Frida 
Kahio. Directed by Paul 
Leduc. Ends at 1x55. 

On long wave. VHF variations at 

555 Shipping. 640 News Briefing; 
Weather 6.10 Farming 
Week, interview and a five- 
day weather forecast 
645 Prayer for the Day(s) 

640 Today, ind 640, 740, 

840 News. 6.45 
Business News. 655, 755 
• Weather. 7.00, 840 

News. 745, 845 Sport 755 
Thought for the Day. 

845 The Week on 4. 

Programme previews. 

With Eugene Fraser. 

8.43 Ian Skidmore links 

recordings from the BBC 
Sound Archives. 857 
Weather; Travel 

940 News 

945 Start the Week, with 
Richard Baker (a) 

10.00 News; Culinary 

Characters (new series) 
Marjorie Lonhouse talks to 
cook, restaurateur and 
writer Prue Leith (r) 

1040 Mominq Story: Cutting 
Loose, by Efeabeth 
Evans. Reader. Mary 

1045 Dady Service (New Every 
Morning, page 4) (s) 

1140 News; Travel; Down 
You- way. Brian 
Johnston visits the Ulster 
FoBt and Transport 
Museum at Hollywood, 
County Down, Northern 
Ireland M 

11.48 Poetry Please! Listeners' 

Kingtsey Antis. 

1240 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice, with 
Pattie CoktweH. 

1247 Comedy Playhouse. 
Parachutes and 
Greenhouses, by Brian 
Thompson. WHh Tony 
Robinson and Brigit Forsyth 
in the cast (s). 

1.00 The WOrid at One: News 

1.40 The Archers. 155 

240 News; woman's Hour. 
Indudes a feature on 
expectant mothers who are 
heroin addicts, and 
episode one of The Perfect 
Stranger, by PJ 

340 News; Tne Afternoon 
Play: Charlie Muffin, from 
the novel by Brian 

DOTH WALES: 545pm-&00 
fiski. Wales Today. US-7.00 Pad- 
dies Up. 11.50-11.55 Norm and 
wcadier. SCOTLAND-: &2tan-1O30CTV 

I. U5pro-7.00 Reporting Scodand. 
1055-11.10 Decades. 1 1.10-11.40 Tum6. 

II . 4041.45 Weather. NORTHERN 
IRELAND: S45pm-5A0 Today's Spbrt 
540&00 Inside Ulster. 045-740 
Rod Harris. 11 J0-11 JSS News and 
weather. ENGLAND: USpo- 7-00 
Regonal News Magaunes. 


caot 945 Sesame 
Street 1045 Courmycatondar 1040- 
1140 Tarzan 140pa Scottish News 140 
Ffct Our FanWfy Business (Ray 
MOand) 340 Star Choice 340-400 
Sounds Good 5.15-5^5 Emmerdale 
Farm 640 Scott sh News and Scottand 
Today 640-740 Sounds Gaelic 
1040 Crime Desk 1045 *V* 1146 Lata 
Calf 1140 Tha DeriTs Lake Concert 
(Rita Cooiidga) IMOere Close 


840 Baathwchaan Nsotach 045 
SasamsStmet 1050 The Adventures Of. 
Jeremy 1146-1140 Orphans Of The 
Wild 1 40 North News 140 Rm: The 
Otiose Train (1941, Arthur AsKey) 
34fr340 Survival Of The Htte« 5.15- 
&45 Emmardale Farm 640 North To- 
njght 645-740 FovoirtBs from Scotland. 
The Wh«t7 1040 Ftec Camuake 
(i 978. Otvld Corradlna) 1245am News 
and Weather, don 

Freemantle, dramatized 
by Geoffrey M Matthews. 
Starring Philip Jackson in 
the tWa rote {tys) 

450 Kaleidoscope. A second 
chance to hear last 

overture Excelsiori). Nielsen 
(Seranata in vano), Grieg 
(Once upon a Time, Lyric 
Pieces: GiteJs.pianoj, 

Sibelius (Symphony No 6). 
940 News ' 

945 This Week's Composer 
Dvorak. Piano Concerto 
in G minor. Op 33: 

Rich ter/Bavarian State 
Orchestra), Stab at Mater, Op 
58: excerpt ; Nocturne 
^ for Strings, Op 40 

with Patrick Ireland 
(viola). Haydn (String Quartet 
m F minor, Op 20 No 5), 
Mendelssohn (String Quintet 

1055 Test Match: fourth day's 
play between England 
and India. Coverage 
continues on medium 

wave until 640. with other 
Radb 3 programmes 
transferring to VHF 

640 Organ music Ferdinand 
Klinda plays works by 
Cemohorsky, Jan Krtitel 
Kuchar, Petr Eben, and 
Bedrich Antonin 

740 Cheating the Prophets-. 

The role of the citizen 
and the state in a new 

540 PM. News magazine. 

550 Shipping. 555 

640 News; Financial Report 
640 The News Quiz. 

7.00 News 
7.05 The Archers 
740 On Your Farm from the 
Royal Show at 
Stonetefoh, Warwickshire. 
745 Science Now. 

8.15 The Monday Play. Homo 
Faber, adapted by Jane 

Max Frisch. With Ml 

Touzel. and 

a. Includes 

comment on Fay 
Weldon's The Shrapnel 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 
Unexplained Laughter, 
by Aice Thomas BBs. (4). 
Read by Christine 
Pritchard. 1049 Weather. 

1040 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

1140 Today in Parliament 

1240 News; Weather. 1243 

VHF (avaSaSe In England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except: 555640am Weather; 
Travel. 155-240pm 
Listening Comer. 550-555 
PM (continued). 1140- 
12.10am Open University. 
1140 Pastoral and Anti- 
PastoraL 1150 Expression in 
Classical Music. 

( Radio 3 ) 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 


655 Weather. 740 News 

745 Concert Handel 

(Concerto Grosso in D, 

Op 3 No 6), Marc- Antoine 
Charpentier (Laudato 
Dommum:performers include 
Musica Polyphonic* and 
Ghent Madma) Choir), 
Buxtehude (Trio Sonata 
foG,.BWV 271), Mozart 
jSyrr^phorry No 40). 840 

845 Concert (contd). 

Stonhammar (Symphonic 


8.15 Mahler: BBC ■ 

Philharmonic under 
Herbig play the Symphony 
No 6 

945 Hawkwood; David Neal 
reads poems by Ken 

10.00 Jazz Today; Charles Fox 
presents Tbe Steve 
Melting Trio 

11.09 Britten and Marenzio: 
London Sktfontetta 
Voices. Britton (Deus in 
adjutorium meum, and 
Choral Dances from 
Gloria na); Marenzio 
(works Including Deum 

11.30 Bach on tne Lute: Nigel 
North and Maggie Cole 
play the Suite in E minor, 
BWV 996. and Prelude, 
Fugue and Allegro, BWV 998 

1157 News. 12.00 Closedown. 

VHF only: 

645 amOpen University.Untfl 
655. Ussue: a hospital 

1055 am. The Old Age of My 
Youth: Anna Calder- 
Marsriafl reads from the 

journal of Marie 
Bashklitseff (r) 

11.15 BBC Philharmonic (under 
Braithwaite),with Alison 
Hargan^oprano. Britton 
(Variations on theme of 
Bridge). Strauss (Three 
Hymns Op 71 for 
soprano, orchestra), Elgar 
jEnigma Variations). 1.00 

145 Piano duet Tamas 

Vasary and Peter Frank!. 
Schubert (Rondo in A, D 951 , 
and Sonata in C, D 812 

240 Music Weekly: includes 
Peter and Bela talking 
about their father Bela 
Bartok, and Christopher 
Headtagton on some of 
Beethoven's less 
successful works (r) 

2A5 New Records: 

Tchaikovsky (Symphonic 
Ballad: tiie voyevode)., 
Chopin (Six Polish 
Songs, Op 74: 
Liszt (Missa pro organo; 


TClif As London except 945001 
5222* Sesame Street 1S45 The Ct 

-L2iil. Sesame Street! 045 The Cham- 
pions 11 40 Max The 2000 Year OM 
Mouse 140pn TSW News 140-340 
ffcc The Fmmfish Plot Of Dr Fu 
Monchu (Peter Sellers) 5.15 Gus 
Honeybun'a Hue Birthdays 540 
Crossroads 5^£&00 Today South west 
640-7.00 Ensnentats Perm 1042 
FRia- the Anckocneda Strain (1 970) 
12.45am Postscrip t 1250 weather 
oral Close 

TYNF TEES As London ea- 
» Tne « ECO cept- 94Sftegotial 
News 940 Sesame Street 1045 
Rock ot The Seventies— (If) 1140 Judi 
Goes On Holiday 1145-1140 Cor- 
toon Time 140 Regional News 145 
Lookaround 140 Rim: White Corri- 
dors 345-340 Regional News 5.15645 
Survival 6.00 Northnn LHa 640-740 
Mr and Mrs 10 l 32 ‘V 1140 Strug^e 
1240 Atmost Forgot te n 1210am 


Sesame Street 1040-1140 Krang- , 
era Meeting 140 Chamel News and I 
Weather 140 Home Cookery Ctub 
145-340 FHm: Fkst Men In The Moon 
5.12 Puffin's Place ELI 5-5^5 Sons & 
DstWiterstflO Channel Report Mowed . 
by Report Sport 840-7.00 Peqaa I 
Lice Us 1O30Fttit KlutB 1245em Weath- 1 

er. Close ! 


950 Ones Upon A Tima . . . Man 
iai5. European Folk Tales 1040 The Po- 
sition Files 1145-1150 Home 
Cookery Chib 140 Central News 140 
Fin: You Must Be Joking (1965,Tar- 

a Thomas) 3^-340 Central News 5.15- 
15 DifTrent Strokes 640 Central 
News M5-740 Central Post 1045 En- 
England 1145 Mam’s 
Friends 1145 Contact 1245am 
Ctoee CoOowsd by Central Jobfinder 

Janacek (Sona cycle TT» 
diary of one who • 
disappeared, with Gedda 
and Soukupova). 

Rubinstein (Symphony No 2). 
455 News 

5.00 Mainly tor Pleasure: witii 
Natalie Wheon 

Radio 2 

On medium wave. See Radio 1 
for VHF variations. 

News on tiie hour. Headlines 
5.30am, &30. 740 and 8Ja Spqits 
Desks 1.05pm, 242, 3.02, 442, 
5.05, 6.02,6.45 (mf only), 955. 
440am Coital Berry (s) 540 Ray 
Moore (s) 740 Derek Jameson (s) 

940 Ken Bruce (s) 11.00 Jimmy 
Young (s) 145pm David Jacobs (s) 
2.05 Gloria Hunniford (a) 340 

David Hamilton (s) 545 John Dunn 
(s) 7.00 Aten Dell and. et 740 
Big Band Era (s) 840 Benny 
Goodman (1909-86) A tribute to 
the great jazz clarinet player 940 
Humphrey Lyttelton with the 
best of jazz on record (s) 945 
Sports bask 1040 Some of 
These Days. Panel quiz game with 
Angela Rippon, Sheila Strata!, 

John J unkin and LesBe PhUKps 
1040 Star Sound. Nick Jackson 
with film soundtrack requests 1140 
Brian Matthew presents Round 
Midnight (stereo from midnight) 
140am Bill Rennefls presents 
Nightride (s) 340-440 A Little Night 
Music (s) 

( Radio 1 ) 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end. News on the half 
hour from 540am until 1240 

540 Adrian John 740 Mike 
Smith's Breakfast Show 940 
Simon Bates 1140 The Radio 1 
Roadshow (Janice Long, 
Londonderry, Northern Ireland) 
1240pm Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) 12.45 Gary Davies 
340 Steve Wright 540 Newsbeat 
(Frank Partridge) 545 Bruno 
Brookes 740 Muriel Grey 1040- 
1240 John Peel jsj VHF 
RADIOS 1 & 2^ 4.00am As Radio 2 
1040 As Radio 1 1240-440am 
As Radio 2. 


640 Newsclesk 640 A Wort m Edgeways 
740 News 749 Twenty Four Hours 740 
Waveguide 7.40 Book Choice 7.45 
S ports tvexhi SM Hem BJOS Reflections 
a.15 Heal ot the Day 840 Anything Goes 
940 News 949 Review ol British Press 

9.15 Good Books 940 FmancW News 
940 Look Ahead 9-45 Peeble s Choice 
1040 News 1041 A Word In Edgeways 
1140 News 1149 11.15 Sportsworid 
1140 Album Time 1240 Radio Newsreel 

12.15 Brain of Britain 1986 1245 Sports 
Roundup 140 News 149 Twenty-Four 
Hours 140 Peebie's Choice L45 
Sportsworid 240 Outlook 2^5 T«ne 
Machine 340 Radto Newsreel 3.15 A 
Word In Edgeways 440 News 449 
Commentary 4.15 Putting Potties in Its 
Place 545 Sports Roundip 745 Peabte's 


Weather follciwed tw flobostory 940 
Sixty Tiny fingers m45 The Hariam 
Glooatrntera 1145-lUO The Jack- 
sons 140pm Calendar News and Weath- 
er L25 Help Hoursalf 140 FdiroDI 
Mat By Moonlight (OrkBonarde) 340 
Home Cookery Club 345 Cteanaar 
News 340A.OO A Country Practice 5-1S- 
545 Give Us A Cbe 640 Calendar 
640-740 Calendar Summer Sport 1040 
Calendar Commentary 1140 Prison- 
er Cel Block H 1240 Antibes Jazz Festi- 
val 1240am Close 


and Baritone 9.30 Counuipon 1040 
News te09 The World Today 1045 Book 
Chocs 1040 Rnancai News 1040 Re- 
flections 1045 Sports Roundup 1140 
News 11.09. Commentary 11.15 Putting 
FdMks ki its Place 1140 Brain ol Britain 
1986 1240 News 1249 News About 
Britain 12.15 Radio Newsreel 1240 Sarah 
and Company 140 News 141 Outlook 
140 ShonStory 145 Putting Politics m its 
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SfrSri ftti D Bn P f5 B St" 1 ? *’ 1 n i '' *i O nO.RtflnriOo^ft w pro 3 S' 1 “n if T’S,! 1 (iflq g — 

On Saturday Henley 
wrapped himself In a shawl 
of mod: dinging, gfotinoro 
and faintly aromatic: Pretty 
girts in white shoes' slid m ft- 
chaps hi brotteirfaeepers 
trampled in ft, -whife:Jn:lhe 
middle of the pathway, ‘dry- 
shod like the cMfereorof 
Israel, stood a bandofpubfic 
school oiks braying at each 
other and snmkiii&c&arrttes 
in holders, white tbehr eyes 
slithered abont ttyii^ to see 
how many plebhy. . people 
noticed them. It was ltkean 
elegant mime of theSpirft of 
Henley: more — it was, a. 
demonstration of. the Spirit 
of the Season^ : 7 
There is a 'certain, merifitf 
of sporting events that a/e 
not sporting events. 
don, Henley, the Etoa eii 
Harrow match and, nataraf- 

of the extent is to rednceli c 

greatest sportsmen m 

world' to the status Of Street 

mnSidan playing ip 1 damn 

queues: people you can took 
at if 

do at that moment. ' 

The sport is secondary 
no, tertiary at best Whdh 
primaryis tine wearing of ft? 
right badge; All snobbery js 
about fflumg it dear 
yon are a bettor person lhaB 
the one beside you. But it is< 
only at sporting eveatstint 
yon are given anactaal 
badge that does the |ph. 


An awesome 

new Becker 
takes his bow 


By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

Boris Becker, aged 18, re- 
tained the Wimbledon men’s 
singles championship by beat- 
ing Ivan Lendl 6-4, 6-3. 7-5 in 
yesterday’s final, which lasted 
two hours and two minutes. 
Lendl, champion of the Unit- 
ed States and France, was a 
break up in the first and third 
sets of his first Wimbledon 
final — against the best grass 
court player in the world- 

lt is awfully difficult to win 
the French championship on 
shale and then win seven 
matches on grass after only 
two weeks of rest and prepara- 
tion. Moreover, had Lendl 
won yesterday he would have 
been the first player since Jan 
Kodes (another Czechoslo- 
vak). in 1973. to win the 
Wimbledon final after five-set 
matches in the quarter-final 
and semi-final rounds. 

Ail things considered. Lendl 
proved himself as a grass court 
player. Becker, too, had some- 
thing to prove. It is often said 
that defending a title success- 
fully is more difficult than 
winning it in the first place. 
That is particularly true of a 
teenage prodigy who comes 
out of the blue. But the Becker 
we saw yesterday was a better, 
more mature player than the 
Becker or 1985. 

Lendl began the match so 
well that it was as if he 
regarded Becker as something 
of a lightweight after Slobodan 
Zivojinovic. Lendl had three 
break points in the first game, 
broke through for 3-2 with the 
help of impressive winners 
down each line but instantly 
bad to concede his own ser- 

vice game. Breaking Becker's 
service so soon is the equiva- 
lent of punching an Irish prop 
forward in the first scrum- 
mage of the match. 

From 4-4 in the first set 
Becker won three consecutive 
games at a cost of only three 
points. At 2-2 in the second set 
Lendl had a break point but 
Becker frustrated him and 
later took the set with a run of 
three games in which he lost 
only four points. 

The nature of the tennis? 
Well, keeping a tally of aces 
and double faults was like 
checking who was ringing the 
bell more often at one of those 
fairground strength tests. We 
were by no means bewildered 
by subtlety, though Becker 
played some neat volleyed 
drops and Lendl often exploit- 
ed the angles to dazzling 
effect, often when he was 
under stress and on the run. 
But the relentless brutality of 
the tennis, plus the long- 
distance glares the players 
were giving each other, 
seemed to have a chilling 
effect on the climate. 

Altogether Becker served 14 
aces and seven double faults. 
Lendl served six of each. 
Becker lost some of his mo- 
mentum at the beginning of 
the third set. went 0-3 down, 
then held his service in spite of 
two double faults. He counter- 
attacked with blazing ferocity 
to break back for 3-4 but at 4-5 
Becker was serving at 0-40 
down: three set points. 

Becker responded with such 
brilliantly violent tennis that 
he won five consecutive 

Sun and grass 
and drug tests 

By Rex Be llamy 

These 100th championships 
were remarkable for “firsts” 
or “first sinces”, and for 
mostly superb weather and its 
welcome consequence — dry, 
worn courts, which provided a 
more consistent bounce than 
usual, and gave the men in 
particular a better chance to 
play attractive tennis. Nor 
most we forget die astonishing 
progress of Pat Cash, suppos- 
edly convalescent after an 
appendectomy. In the women's 
singles, Chris Lloyd had 
strenuously exciting matches 
with Helena Sokova and Hana 

The “firsts” included drug 
tests and the centre court 
debut of a ball girl. The “first 
sinces” (excluding Martina 
Navratilova's assault on the 
records) were six in number. 
For the first time since 1970, 
no Americans got through to 
the last four of the men's 
singles. And for the first time 

since 1909, the men's semi- 
finalists were all Europeans. 

Henri Leconte was the first 
Frenchman in the semi-finals 
.since 1946, and Slobodan 
Zivojinovic the first Yugoslav 
since 1967. For the first time 
since 1965 no player born in 
the United Mates reached 
either singles final, and for the 
first time since 1977 the 
women's final was contested 
by players who were both born 
in Europe. 

The tennis did not satisfy 
everyone. A friend and col- 
league from a village in the 
Alps has been calling home at 
regular intervals. Family and 
friends have had their first 
experience (via television) of 
Wimbledon and grass corn! 
tennis. Their reaction? “Ce 
n'est pas du vrai tennis. II n*y a 
ancon ^change" (it is not real 
tennis — there are no rallies). 
These day-court nations are 


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points. From 4-5 and 0-40 
down, in fact he lost only four 
more points. The last game 
produced a characteristic 
Becker point. Lendl hit a 
forehand down the line. 
Becker dived to retrieve it, fell 
and was still on his knees as 
Lendl's shot hit the net cord — 
but Becker still managed to 
tap a backhand cross-court for 
a winner. 

The lid fell off the cup as 
Becker was bowing to the 
Duchess of Kent. But such 
tricky manoeuvres are the 
lad's pleasure rather than his 
business. As a champion he is 
awesome yet admirable: an 
exceptional blend of strength 
and skill, enthusiasm and will- 
power. Becker plays the big 
points as if they were the 
ultimate challenges of his 
calling— as, indeed, they often 
are. To dart across a more 
sensitive area, he also has the 
charm and diplomacy to fit 
perfectly into the difficult role 
of the national hero Germany 
has been seeking. 

The men's doubles title 
went to Joakim Nystrom and 
Mats Wilander, previously re- 
garded as Sweden’s “reserve” 
doubles team. They saved six 
match points in a quarter-final 
with the United States cham- 
pions, Ren Flach and Robert 
Seguso, won a semi-final 
against the Australian cham- 
pions, Paul Annacone and 
Christo van Rensbuig, and 
then beat Gary Donnelly and 
Peter Fleming to become the 
first Swedish winners since 
Sven Davidson and Ulf 
Schmidt in 1958. 

kept on 
her feet 

Martina Navratilova beat 
Hana Mandlikova 7-6, 6-3 in 
an hour and twelve minutes in 
the women's singles final at 
Wimbledon on Saturday. 

This was Miss 
Navratilova’s fifth consecu- 
tive win, a feat matched only 
by Suzanne Lenglen, and her 
seventh altogether, which 
equals the tally of Dorothea 
Lambert Chambers and has 
been surpassed only by Helen 
Wills Moody, champion eight 
times (Rex Bellamy writes). 
As in 1983 and 1984, Miss 
Navratilova won the title 
without conceding a set 

There were probably three 
main reasons why Miss 
Navratilova recovered from 
2-5 down to win. One was the 
superiority of her serving (her 
first service was remarkably 
consistent) and the related 
superiority of her service re- 
turn. A second was the greasi- 
ness of the court. Miss 
Navratilova kept her feet bet- 
ter and had an advantage in 
strength when the balls be- 
came heavy. 

A third was the fact that 
Miss Mandlikova. possibly 
deluded by her early success, 
carefully persisted in playing 
pianissimo — too often push- 
ing the ball instead of whack- 
ing it , which meant that she 
gave Miss Navratilova frac- 
tionally more epunter punch- 
ing lime and was wide. Miss 
Navratilova’s anticipation 
was sharp enough without that 

Miss Mandlikova achieved 
a 5-2 lead because whereas 
Miss Navratilova (expecting 
an early storm) began the 
match tentatively. Miss 
Mandlikova was hitting all the 
lime, even with mishits and 
skidding improvizations. 
Once Miss Navratilova had 
settled down she transformed 
2-5 into 5-5 at the cost of only 
2 points and, thereafter, was 
always in chaige — much to 
the satisfaction, no doubt of 
her housekeeper, five dogs and 
a cat who were watching it all 
on television back home in 

stops at two 

Martina Navratilova's am- 
bition of becoming the first 
player since Billie Jean King 
in 1973 to win three Wimble- 
don titles in the same year was 
dashed yesterday when she 
and her mixed-doubles part- 
ner. Heinz Gunthardu of Swit- 
zerland. were defeated by Ken 
Flach and Kathy Jordan, of 
the United States. 6-3. 7-6. 

Miss Navratilova won her 
fifth consecutive singles title — 
and seventh overall - by 
defeating Hana a Mandlikova. 
of Czechoslovakia. 7-6. 6-3 on 

In the women's doubles 
final yesterday. Miss 
Navratilova partnered Pam 
Shriver. of the United States, 
in a 6-1. 6-3 victory against 
Miss Mandlikova and Wendy 
Turnbull df Australia. 



Gatting’s summer has just begun 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

Not even their most incorri- 
gible critics will find fault, I 
imagine, with the selectors for 
yesterday's announcement 
that ihey have asked Mike 
Gatting to lead England 
against New Zealand in the 
second series of the summer, 
sponsored by CornhilL 

The first series, against In- 
dia. seems likely to end with a 
draw. In the third Test at 
Edgbaston the sides are dead 
level. India having replied to 
England's first innings of 390 
by making the same total. 

England had hoped to do 
better than this. There was just 
about a full day's play on 
Saturday, thanks to the time 
allowed to make up for time 
lost and the ball moved about 
for the faster bowlers, li also 
turned for the spinners and 
occasionally kept low. 

There was a time when 
India would soon have been 
rolled over in conditions such 
as these. England would have 
bowled better, for one thing, 
and India would have batted 
nothing like as well as they do 

In the event, England had a 
frustrating day. Gatting decid- 
ed early on that Foster, 
Radford and Pringle ought to 
be able to bowl India oul In 
theory he was right but in 
practice he finished up down a 
tactical cul-de-sac. Of the 
three of them only Foster 



Britain's Nigel Mansell in a 
Williams-Honda won 
yesterday’s French Grand Prix 
at Le Castellet, his third 
victory in eight races, putting 
him second in the world 
championship by just one 
point. The reigning worid 
champion, Alain Prost, of 
France, was second in his 
McLaren-T AG/Porsche to 
lake the lead in the 1986 title 
race, with 39 points to 
Mansell's 38. 

Report, page 30 

Botha lured 

Northampton rugby foot- 
ball dub have persuaded the 
South African captain, Naas 
Botha. 10 play for them next 
season. He will arrive at the 
end of September, a club 
spokesman, Don White, 

In the picture 

There has been a sudden dip 
in ticket sales for Frank 
Bruno's world heavyweight 
title bout against the World 
Boxing Association champi- 
on. Tim Witherspoon, at 
Wembley Stadium on July 19. 
The promoter. Mike Barrett 
said: “The impression has 
wrongly been given that the 
fight is being shown live, but 
this is only in the State^” 

bowled at his best, and he was 
decidedly unlucky. 

To cut a long stoty short, by 
the time Gatting gave 
Emburey a chance (and the 
ball was turning) India, 182 
for three at the start of play, 
were well past 300. 

Gower used to make a 
practice of under-bowling 
Emburey. and both here and 
at Headingley Gatting has 
done the same. There seems to 
me to be no point in choosing 
a balanced attack and then 
taking no advantage of it. On a 
day when the ball swung, 
Gooch must also have been 
worth a try. In the end 
England even lost the 

But Gauing's innings of 1 83 
not out. proof that he is not 
worried out of his mind by the 

More cricket, Page 29 

captaincy, was all the selectors 
could have asked for. and New 
Zealand's batting is unlikely 
10 lake as much cracking as 
India’s. A glance down the 
Indian score-sheet shows how 
well they bat these days. Even 
Sharma. the only one to be out 
in single figures, has made a 
Test fifty. 

On Saturday Amamaih 
showed the way and 
Azharuddin played with a 
wrisiy charm, especially off 
his legs. Bui they all gave their 
supporters the excuse to make 


Mcliroy: approached 

Swedish move 

Sammy Mcliroy, Northern 
Ireland's World Cup captain 
in Mexico, could be playing 
his football next season in 
Sweden (George Ace writes). 
Mcliroy said Oigryte IF. of 
Goieborg, the Swedish first 
division champions, ap- 
proached him on three occa- 
sions in the past week. 

Split level 

Hartford. Connecticut 
(Reuier) — Tom Watson was 
thrown by a careless putting 
error but tied for the third 
round lead in the Greater 
Hartford Open golf tourna- 
ment. Watson and fellow- 
American. Kenny Knox, 
finished at 1 1 -under-par 202. 
Watson shot 70, Kjhw 67. 
- : •} — 

an awful lot of noise as India 
edged towards England’s totaL 
If Foster was bowled into 
the ground that was because 
he looked more like taking 
wickets than Radford and 
Pringle. He did. in fact, re- 
move Azharuddin. Sbastri 
and Kapil Dev within the 
space of 25 balls in the 
afternoon, and he made the 
ball leave the right-handers 
late enough and often enough 
to beat the bat quite regularly. 
Radford, chosen to share the 
new ball with Foster, has 
bowled rather below his best 
county form. 

I listened 10 some interest- 
ing impressions from a former 
South African captain, who 
was watching England in ac- 
tion for the first lime for some 
while. He seemed surprised by 
the ordinariness of much of 
England’s cricket, and its lack 
of edge, and said that in South 
Africa Radford's success for 
Transvaal (he was the second 
leading wicket-taker in the 
Currie Cup last winter) comes 
at first change, in support of 
two fast bowlers, rather than 
as an intended spearhead. 

However, there was nothing 
ordinary about ‘ one of 
French's catches or another of 
Gooch's. 1 have not seen 
many as good as the one by 
French, taken off a thick 
inside edge to a fierce break- 
back from Foster. It gave 
French the confidence to give 

Final curtain 

Bonn (Reuter) - The West] 
German football captain, 
Karl-Heinz Rummenigge. 
said yesterday he had played 
his last match for the national 
team. “My career in the 
national side is at an end. 
Ninety-five internationals, 10 
wonderful years, over,” he 
wrote in the Welt am Sonntag 
newspaper. The former Bay- 
ern Munich forward now 
plays for inter Milan of Italy. 

Cowley beaten 

Annette Cowley, die South 
African -born swimmer who 
two weeks ago was added to 
England's Commonwealth 
Games team, suffered her fuist 
defeat in Britain. The double 
national champion was beaten 
by Nikki Fibbens in the 100 
metres freestyle on the second 
day of the Monk multi-nation 
gala in Leeds. Fibbens record- 
ed a personal best of. the 
season of 58.0secs to beat 
Cowley by 0.29 of a second. 

Aouita out 

Injury keeps Said Aouita 
out of the 1,500 metres in 
which Britain's Peter Elliott is 
running- in . the - Mobil - grand 
prix meeting in Helsinki this 
evening (Pat Butcher writes). 
Tessa Sanderson, the Olympic 
champion, meets Tima Lillak. 
the Finnish world champion, 
in the javelin. 

Oslo report, page £6 

a top-class, exhibition of 
wicketkeeping, which fnddd- 
ed his taking: a second very 
good catch, this time off a 
skied mi$*hit by Kapil Dev. 

The pity of it is that French 
is not a better batsman. It is 
partly because India have a 
wicketkeeper-(as well as sever- 
al bowlers) who can get runs 
that they are proving so 
difficult to beat In the Test 
matches More has so far 
scored 1 25 runs at an average 
of over 40. all when India have 
been glad of them. 

Ha ving dived to his right fbr 
a fine two-handed slip catch 
on Friday. Gooch took one in 
the same position on Satur- 
day. one-handed and diving to 
his left. Seeing the ball as early 
and as well as that he can 
have high hopes of a hundred 

Gower left no-one in any 
doubt that he was eagerly 
involved, and Arhey fielded 
splendidly in the covers, one 
brilliant piece of work of his 
providing an excellent exam- 
ple of how a good umpiring 
decision can be shown by 
television to have been techni- 
cally the wrong one. 

With a swoop from short 
mid-wicket and an under-arm 
throw. Athey hit the stumps at 
the wicketkeeper’s end with 
Azharuddin going all out to 
complete the single he had 

ENGLAND: First brings 390 (M w 
Gatling 183 not out; C Stoma * tor 130) 
INDIA: First brings 

S M Gavaskar b Prtngte 29 

KSradcso&c Pringta bRaOTord 23 

M Anmrrih b Edmond* 79 

D B Vengawfcar c Gooch b Radtoni . 38 

MAzftanrifti e Ftwnch b Ftetsr 64 

ft J Shashi e Gooch b Foster _____ II 

■KarA Osv c French b Foster 26 

IK S Mora c Ftanch b Bnburay 48. 

RMHBfauryc Gower bEtnbuw 40 

C Sham o Cawr b Pringtw . g 

' ‘ ~ *1 DOt Ollt 0 


Extras (t> 1,R> 9, w 1. nb5) 


FALL OP WICKETS: 1-53. 2-58, 3-138, 4- 
22aSr2BS, 6-275, 7-302. 8-370. 9-3BS, 

BOWUNGr Radford 35-3-131-2: Foster 
41-9-93-3; Pringle 21-2-6 1-2; Edmonds 
24-7-S5-1; Emburey. 1IL5-7-4Q-2. 
Umpires: H □ Bird and BJ Mayer. 

been called for. From square- 
leg. and with the naked eye. 
umpire Meyer could have told 
only that it was a desperately 
close thing. He therefore gave 
the batsman the benefit ofthe 
: doubt. 

Shown at normal speed, and 
several .times over, the TV 
replay suggested That 
Azharuddin had indeed made 
his ground. Only when- the 
replay was stopped at the 
relevant frame could he be 
seen to have been out by two 
or three inches. 

There are those who believe 
that in such cases it would be 
best to call -for the evidence of 
the camera. They say ft would 
heighten the drama as the 
result was awaited, and re- 
move all controversy.! doubt 
though, whether anyone play- 
ing on Saturday, even Athey, 
was really unhappy with the 
upshot or thought that 
Meyer's decision.- though it 
ma\ have been incorrect., was 
noL in the .circumstances, the 
right one. 



Mingling grandly 
with the 

Iter the Great Game that 
is being played at these 
events is tite Grand Royal 
and Ancient Sport of Stabr 
bery. At aU events there a 
graded: range of endtisute/ 
The most importantpedjile 
at the .event are not tie' 
sportsmen, font the gatonai. 

sure ft is to exdode people 
who have tiie Wrong Badge. 

Bat there is no; piling- is 
privilege unless yon am see 
how ft is with - the . : Jess 
privileged. The adequacy of 
business class m an aero* 
plane is only defined by the 
discomfort and inadequacy 
of economy class. What mat- 
ters at these sporting everts 
is not what yon get for 3 ^®" 
money, but the fart that job 
can see lots of people 
less. :• * 

At football matches* me 
swaying and - bjllomac 
crowds sing: “WeVe gou&tD 
Wembley. We-re going to „ 
Wembley. You’re not Yfiw&re £* 
not” And Henley; rises and 
sings to a swelling, stent . 
chorus of: “We’re in fte 
stewards' enclosure. WpVe 
in the stewards’ enclosure. 
YdaTe not. You’re iiof/V. 

The very layout of every 
racecourse, not just Asciis 
an exercise in stressing the 
picket-fine of privilege. No 
bookmakers are allowed fflto 
the Members' endosnreryos 
have to mingle grandly with 
the plebs in Tatis to place s . 
bet in the ring, passing and 
re passing tfaro^h the -nar- 
row gateway with every jnrtv 

Backdrop tomqsic 
of snobbery ^0 

At Wimbledon, of comse, 
the sport has always 
slightly more important flair y 
at Ascot or Henley. Tlfat ' 
tournament has npwfafleri to , 
the . lore of the executive 
marquee: ft is now rorporate 
and not familial wealth that 

makes the dfflhrenoeL'Bafali 

the same, what makes ihe 

executives smOensedog^B . • 

the serious tennis freaks 
actually standing ap to wrick 
the game — having . queued 
for hoars, if not,days^ to-do. 
so. Watch a fewgames, then ~ ,• 
go back past the stent 
gate man. who i»a< -a: smite 
only for yonr badge, itr for a 
nice glass of the old tax- • 
deductible. - - 

At Ascot, the finest hOTSes / 
in Europe are hut a: bade- ' 
drop for tire grand dance to ' 
the music of snobbery.' And 
at He®Jey, all those’ joDy 
c haps i n the CharteyVAtat' 
costumes are dancing- the I 
same eld steps, pricing ' ! 
pretention to the Inrf Vynt 
and tracing accent" through 
three generations, r:. , ; ; ;7. j 

The sport of sport contin- 
ues 'in the background^ tat 'jR 
the real serjous_ game ^of 
snobbery ^-“Excuse rae, $fr, 
may .1 see your badge?? 
what it is all about. DM yii* ' 
see that chap walk romTT*? * . 
He had to walk right through 
the modi Haw; Haw.VHpwt 

mmStances. the l Must go to Heufey a^ 8 . ’ . j 

, 1 next par*