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No 62,503 


THE 



Protests over 
Pacific exile 

for bombers 


Two French agents who 
blew up the Greenpeace ship 
Rainbow Warrior in Auck- 
land are to spend three years 
on a French Pacific island 
instead of the next 10 years in 
a New Zealand jaiL 

The agreement between the 
two countries followed a rul- 
ing by the UN Secretary- 
General, Senor Javier Perez de 
Cugf far. ft wasreached despite 
promises from the New Zea- 
land Prime Minister, Mr Da- 
vid Lange, that there would be 
no deal, and provoked anger 
and protests in New Zealand 
last night. 

Mr Lange confirmed that 
Dominique Prieux and Alain 
Mafart would be taken from 
prison this month to the atoll 
of Hao. 

The Opposition Leader, Mr 
Jim Bolger, said the agreement 
was an about-face by Mr 
Lange; it made a fool of the 
Prime Minister, subjected 
New Zealand to international 
ridicule and undermined the 
judicial system. 

The two agents were jailed 
last year for their part in the 
sabotage of the Rainbow War- 
rior in Auckland Harbour and 
the death of a crew member. 

Yesterday Mr Lange said 
they would be surrendered to 
French authorities by July 25 
for transport to Hao, north of 
the French nuclear testing site 
at Mururoa. 

Under the ruling, the agents' 
will not be jailed and will be 
able to mix with military 
personnel and immediate 
family and friends, but will 
not be able to mix with 
villagers on the atoll or other 
civilians. 

Mr Lange agreed that the 
decision to deport the agents 
was “at variance** with his 
comments last year that they 
would not be released during 
the lena.jof bis. Government. . 


Front Richard Long, Wellington 

But he rejected suggestions 
this could lead to a backlash 
against the Government, em- 
phasizing that the agents 
would not be released to 
freedom. 

In his other rulings, Senor 
Perez de Cuellar ordered 
Prance to pay compensation 
of $7 million (£4.5 million) to 
New Zealand and to make a 
formal, unqualified apology 
for the attack on the Rainbow 
Warrior. 

New Zealand had sought at 
least $9 million in compensa- 
tion, but France said the 
amount should not be more 
than $4miUioo. 

France was as! so ordered 
not to oppose New Zealand 

Vulnerable deal 10 

butter exports to Britain in 
1987 and 1988 at levels pro- ( 
posed by the European Com- | 
m unity, and not to take any i 
measures that might da ma ge 
New Zealand's mutton, lamb \ 
and goat-meat exports ] 

Before arbitration began, ] 
France agreed to lift its ban on i 
the import of New Zealand j 
lamb brains. Earlier restric- 
tions that hit New Zealand i 
traders included the cancella- i 
tion of orders from Bench ; 
New Caledonia. ] 

Mr Lange indicated last < 
night that the sanctions had i 
_ forced his Government to s 
accept arbitration. It did not j 


seek martyrdom, he said. It 
had the choice of “pig* 
headedly charging forward to 
compound the damage” or to 
resolve differences with 
France through arbitration. 

He chose arbitration and 
described the result as “a fair 
and just solution.” 

• PARIS: The French Prime 
Minister, M Jacques Chirac, 
announcing “the end of the 
Rainbow Warrior affair’*, said 
France undertook to abide by 
all the conditions of the ruling 
(Susan MacDonald writes). 

He said all France would 
rejoice with him at the news of 
the transfer of the prisoners, 
and in paying tribute to the 
“exemplary dignity with 
which these two officers have 
accepted and submitted to 
their imprisonment”. 

He hoped that from now on 
Franco-New Zealand relations 
could develop with a serenity 
befitted two countries with so 
many common memories. 

The former defence minis- 
ter. M Charles Hernu. who 
resigned over the scandal, said 
he was happy the position of 
the two officers had been 


the two officers had been 
finally resolved. 

If the New Zealand authori- 
ties consider the period the 
two officers will spend on Hao 
as a form of internment, the 
French are treating it in a 
slightly different light. Three 
years is the normal period for 
which military personnel are 
posted abroad. 



Tomorrow Nakasone delivers 
in crushing victory 


From David Watts, Tokyo 



The case of Wendy 
Savage has 
highlighted the 
plight of other 
consultants 
suspended by the 
authorities. Now 
they are fighting 


• The £4,000 daffy 
prize in The Times 
Portfolio Gold 
competition was won 
outright yesterday by 
Mr James Renfrew of 
Port Glasgow. 

• There is a further 
£4,000 to be won today 
Portfolio list page 21; 
rules and how to play, 
information service, 


Wall St drop 

Shares on Wall Street were 
heading for huge losses yester- 
day with the Dow Jones 
industrial average down 48.5 1 
points at mid-session. The 
record one-day fell was 45.75 
on June 9 

Tripos results 

Tripos examination results at 
Cambridge University are 
published today for fol- 
lowing subjects: Oriental 
Studies Parts 1 . a , n ^ 
nomics Pan I, Modem and 
Medieval Languages, Parts l 


Mr Yasuhiro Nakasone has 
taken conservative rule in 
Japan to its zenith with a 
crashing general election vic- 
tory for his Liberal Democrat- 
ic Party (LDP). 

The party has unassailable 
majorities in both Upper and 
Lower Houses of the Diet Its 
presence in the Lower House 
is its biggest since it was 
formed in 1955. 

It routed its main opposi- 
tion. the Socialists, to take 300 
seats in the House of Repre- 
sentatives, a gain of 50. At 
least four independent candi- 
dates will be joining the LDP 
in the new Parliament and 
others are likely to follow, if 
only bv voting with the party. 

TheViumph reinforces Mr 
Nakasone's prospects of seek- 
ing a third term as party 
leader. The secretary-general, 
Mr Shin Kanemaru. made it 
dear yesterday that party rules 
could be amended if members 
favoured such a change. But it 
is far from certain that long- 
. standing jealousies can be 
overcome, especially when Mr 
Nakasone has effectively 
nibbed the noses of his rivals 
into the political dirt 

Mr Shintaro Abe, the For- 
eign Minister, who aspires to 
succeed Mr Nakasone as 
Prime Minister, was looking 



• ••• 



HomeNen* 2-5 

Overseas 

Arts |5| Parliament 

Births, deaths. I Sale Room 
marriages 14 

Business 17-21 


Crosswords 8.16 


Lan "Report 28 


Mr Ishibashh may resign 
over Socialist debacle. 


Women priest 
debate could 
be suspended 

The suspension of the battle 
for women priests in the 
Church of England is to be put 
to the General Synod today so 
that the Bishops may consider 
more aspects, including a 
formal splii in the church 
(Clifford Longley writes). 

The Svnod is due to discuss 
todav a startling report on 
handling dissent in the church 
if women priests are intro- 
duced. ranging from a piualiei 
set of dioceses, two official 
churches, both disestablished. 

Sanctions debate, page 5 


decidely dejected last night, 
his hopes having been dealt a 
heavy blow. The overwhelm- 
ing support for Mr Nakasone 
in the country may induce 
him to throw his support 
behind the Prime Minister. 

A long autumn of discreet 
bargaining over cups of hot 
sake hi Tokyo’s exclusive 
Ryotei restaurants is in 
prospect 

The other prospective can- 
didate for the leadership. Mr 
Kiichi Miyazawa, has suffered 
a severe setback, along with 
the faction of a former Prime 
Minister. MrZenko Suzuki, to 
which he belongs. 

Mr Miyazawa is suffering 
not merely because of the size 
of the Nakasone victory but 
also because he was among the 
last to agree to the idea of 
having double elections, a 
formula which has paid off for 
the party beyond its wildest 
dreams. The most optimistic 
forecasts had not expected the 
LDP to win more than 280 
seats in the Lower House. 

The Socialist Party had a 
disastrous election, losing 27 
seats and reducing its presence 
in the house to 85, a new fow. 
It lost its vice-chairman. Its 
leader. Mr Masashi Ishibashi, 
last night hinted that he might 
resign to take responsibility 
for the debade. 

The Democratic Socialist 
Party also losl iis secretary- 
general among the 12 seats 
that slipped away. Ofthe main 
opposition parties only the 
Communists maintained their 
strength in the Lower House. 

Mr Kakuei Tanaka, the 
powerful former Prime Minis- 
ter who is appealing against 
his conviction for accepting a 
bribe of 500 million yen for 
promoting the sale of Ameri- 
can airliners, easily lopped the 
poll in his Niigata constituen- 
cy. 

Nakasone future, page 7 
Reaching to US, page 10 


TUESDAY JULY 8 1986 


TIMES 


!' g 9 K* 



Commander Bothwell: ‘Dead letter drops to the Russians.* 

Death sentence 
on grandmother 
in Malaysia 

From M.G.G.Pil!ai, Koala Lumpur 


A grandmother aged 69 was 
sentenced to death for traffick- 
ing in 31bs of opium as funeral 
ceremonies were held for the 
two Australians hanged in 
Kuala Luinpur!s Pudu prison 
yesterday morniny. - 

The Government also an- 
nounced plans ~fbr -whipping- 
those convicted of minor drug 
offences. The reality of the 
drag problem is striking home 
in Malaysia and overseas, 
although doubts remain about 
how effective the death sen- 
tence is as a deterrent. 

Malaysia's private televi- 
sion channel TV3 said in its 

Wave of revulsion 7 
Leading article H 

news bulletins last night that 
the grandmother, a Malay- 
sian. was condemned in the 
Penang High Court which had 
sentenced Kevin John Barlow 
and Brian Geoffrey Chambers 
to death in July last year. 

Malaysia's Deputy Home 
Minister. Datuk Radzi Sheikh 
Ahmed said: “We are thinking 
of imposing a mandatory 
whipping for those found with 
less than five grammes of 
heroin. We hope it will act as a 
further deterrent” 

He said that those caught 
with less than five grammes of 
heroin were usually addicts or 
first-time users. At present 
these offenders can be jailed 
for up to a year. 'No further 
details were available. 


Concern over another 
Briton in drugs case 


By Patricia Gough 


Concern is now focused on 
another Briton awaiting trial 
on drugs charges in Malaysia. 
Mr Derrick Gregory, aged 36, 
of Richmond. Surrey’. 

Mr Jeremy Hanley. Conser- 
vative MP for Richmond and 
Barnes, fears the publicity 
which will now surround Mr 
Gregory's case could damage 
his chances of sympathetic 
treatment 

“I am frightened that if Mr 
Gregory's case becomes a 
cause celtbre whatever discre- 
tionary treatment he could re- 
ceive would be seen as a sign 
that the Government was 
being soft on drug-runners." 
he told The Times. 

Mr Hanley said he belieyed 


Mr Gregory had a strong case 
for clemency if the charge was 
upheld because a brain scan 
taken in Penang showed that 
he suffered a brain injury 
when he was a boy. 

“1 hope he will be given a, 
fair trial and if he is not guilty.' 
that's great If he is guilty then 
he should be treated in a psy- 
chiatric hospital.” 

Mr Gregory has been await- 
ing trial for three years and 
eight months, ever since he 
was arrested at Penang airport 
and charged with possession 
of 576 grammes of heroin — 
more than three limes the 
total amount said to have 
been found on Barlow and 
Chambers. 


Mrs Barbara Barlow and her 
daughter Michele left for 
home in Adelaide. South Aus- 
tralia last night about 10 
hours after her executed son 
Kevin was cremated. Also 
hinged with him was Brian 
Chambers, whose family had 
derided to bury him in Sidney. 

While the two men mount- 
ed the gallows together at 
about 6.10am local time yes- 
terday. their families contin- 
ued to trade insults and 
accusations with each other. 

Two hours earlier Mrs Bar- 
low had walked into Mrs 
Chambers’ room in the Kuala 
Lumpur Hilton where they 
knelt in private prayer, but 
Mrs Barlow said later that she 
walked out when Mrs Cham- 
bers attacked Kevin Barlow 
for leading her son to the 
gallows. 

Mis Barlow in turn accused 
Brian Chambers of being a 
drag trafficker — while main- 
taining her son’s innocence — 
in a television interview wide- 
ly broadcast in Australia 
shortly after the executions. 

The two families have bare- 
ly talked to each other since 
the countdown to the execu- 
tions began two weeks ago. 

A prison official confirmed 
the executions at 6.45am local 
lime yesterday. A prison van 
drove out of the gates with the 
bodies to the mortuary. 

A television crew that fol- 
lowed it later shot film show- 

Coutinued on page 16, col J 


Freeddpi 
for ^ 
double 
agent 

By Michael McCarthy 

A former US naval com- 
mander and ex-CIA man was 
cleared of a secrets charge in 
London yesterday when it was 
revealed that be had been 
acting independently as a dou- 
ble agent in dealings with the 
Russians. 

The security service now 
accepts that in a situation 
straight out of Le Cane, 
Commander John Bothwell, 
pressarized by the Russians to 
supply them with information, 
conducted a one-man 
disinformation campaign wor- 
thy of die KGB itself and 
handed over material which j 
was packaged to look authen- 
tic hot was in fact quite 
valueless. 

However, he fooled the Rus- 
sians so well that when word of 
his doings reached Western 
counter-lntell^nce he was 
arrested as a spy. 

Commander Bothwell, aged 
59, who lives with his wife and 
family in Bath bat is the owner 
of an Athens-based shipping 
company, was arrested at 
Heathrow airport on his way 
to Vienna on February (6 and 
held in custody till the end eS 
March when he was released 
cm baiL 

He had been charged under 
section seven of the Official 
Secrets Act with malting ar- 
rangements for the communi- 
cation of information 
calculated to be nsefhl Co an 
enemy, but when his case came 
before Bow Street magistrates 
yesterday the Crown offered 
no evidence. 

He was discharged and 
awarded costs oat of public 
funds totalling £5,000. He said 
he was planning civil proceed- 
ings for wrongful arrest 

Mr Michael Bibby, for the 
Director of Public Prosecu- 
tions, told the court that the 
arrest of Commander 
Bothwell, who is understood to 
have numerous contacts with 
the Soviet block through his 
business, followed a tip “from 


J; 


fy 



I •* " 1 

a very good source** that he 
was passing Nato military 
secrets to the Russians. 

It is understood that the tip 
came from Mr Viktor 
Gndarev, ostensibly a Soviet 
trade delegate in Athens and 
in reality a colonel in the KGB, 
w ho defected to the United 
States two days before Com- 
mander Bothweti's arrest 

In court yesterday it 
emerged that Commander 
Bothwell had indeed been 
passing information to the 
Russians which was quite 


Horrocks resigns from BL as losses worsen 


By Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

Mr Ray Horrocks, chief 
executive of BL Cara, has 
resigned, it was disclosed yes- 
terday. At the same time, Mr 
Graham Day. the new group 
c hairman, said the company 
faced a significant financial 
deterioration in the first half of 
this year ' after last year’s 
£110 million loss. 

Mr Horrocks’s departure 
was widely predicted after his 
ontspoken comments t& the 
Commons Trade and Industry 
Select Committee in which he 
said Mrs Thatcher appeared 


M 


Old emblem , . . and new. 

to hare ruled him out of the 
running for the top job because 
he had opposed a takeover of 
BL by Ford. 

Mr Day. speaking at the BL 
annual meeting— at which the 
company name was formally 
changed to Rover Group de- 
spite objections from the small 


band of individual sharehold- 
ers - said the departure of Mr 
Horrocks was “absolutely am- 
icable between bim and me,” 
and be rejected any suggestion 
that the Government had been 
involved. 

He had offered Mr 
Horrocks another position bot 
this had been declined. Mr 
Horrocks’s severance terms 
have not been disclosed: 

His resignation comes a 
month after that of Mr David 
Andrews, the trucks chief 
executive who masterminded 
the Ql-foted attempt at a 
management buyout of Laud 
Rover. 


The departures leave Mr 
Day as the only executive on 
the Rover board, the remain- 
ing directors being non- 
executive. 

But be said yesterday that 
he hoped to nm the group as a 
two-tiered operation and he 
was confident that the three 
businesses. Land Rover, 
Unipart and Leyland Tracks, 
were run by competent, profes- 
sional managers. 

Mr Day said he hoped the 
deteriorating financial posi- 
tion would he eased by the 
launch of the new Rover 800* 
range . 

Profit gloom, page 17 


Mr Bibby said: “He admit- 
ted making dead letter drops 
to the Russians, but it is now 
conceded that any information 
be did pass was to dupe them.** 

Co mm a nde r Bothwell was 
one of the youngest command- 
ers in the US Navy and later a 
CIA agent in Greece. He left 
US Government service in 
1972 

Mr Richard Lissack, for the 
commander, told the court : 
“Mr Bothwell never had any 
intention of harming the state. 
He was conning the Russians 
all the time. These charges 
have rained his business, care- 
fully built up over 13 years, 
and have affected his serious 
heart audition." 

Commander BothwelTs is 
the fourth recent case brought 
under the Official Secrets Act 
where the prosecution has 
failed to obtain a guilty ver- 
dict, after those of Cyprus 
RAF airman Panl Davies in 
1984, and the former Civil 
Servant, Clive Pontmg, and 
the seven British servicemen, 
also from Cyprus, in 1985. 


%rip delayed 
flit Howe vows 
to see Botha 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 


Sir Geoffrey Howe last 
night pledged to pursue with 
patience and determination 
his peace mission to South 
Africa after calling off this 
week's planned visit to Pre- 
toria but announcing that he 
would leave today for visits to 
Zambia and Zimbabwe. 

Last night he told the Com- 
mons Foreign Affairs Com- 
mittee that it was wrong to be 
“unduly discouraged” by the 
initial reactions to the mission 
he was to undertake on behalf 
ofthe European Community. 

Sir Geoffrey had earlier told 
the Commons of his decision, 
taken earlier yesterday in con- 
sultation with the Prime Min- 
ister, not to go to South Africa 
this week because President 
P. W. Botha was unavailable 
to see him. 

The derision represents a 
big setback for the mission, 
but the Foreign Office is now 
considering alternative dales 
given by Pretoria for a visit 
next month. 

Those dates are expected to 
be announced after Sir Geof- 
frey returns from this week's 
visits to Zambia and 
Zimbabwe. 

Yesterday’s development 
came after a weekend of 
frantic diplomatic activity as 
the Government tried hara to 
persuade Mr Botha, said to be 
on holiday, to change his 
mind. Mrs Thatcher is be- 
lieved to have sent him a 
personal message. 

Sir Geoffrey was offered the 
opportunity of seeing Mr R.F. 
(Pik) Botha, the South African 
Foreign Minister, this week 
but agreed with Mrs Thatcher 
that he should go only if he 


could see the state president 

After a visit today to the 
European Parliament in Stras- 
bourg, Sir Geoffrey will fly to 
Lusaka where he will have 
talks with President Kennetii 
Kaunda of Zambia. Later in 
the week he will fly to Harare 
where he will see Mr Robert 
Mugabe, the Zimbabwian 
Prime Minister. 

The British Government 
embarrassed by the refusal of 
Mr Botha to see Sir Geoffrey, 
was yesterday determined to 

Ban lifted 

Johannesburg — All restric- 
tions on Mrs Winnie 
Mandela, the wife of Mr 
Nelson Mandela, have been 
lifted (Michael Hornsby 
writes). 

Some months ago the gov- 
ernment dropped a legal case 
against Mrs Mandela for vio- 
lation of a previous “banning** 
order. 

Parliament 4 

Bodies fonnd 6 

make the best of a bad job; its 
ministers were insisting that 
the peace mission was still 
very much on the rails while 
chaliitably attributing the Bo- 
tha snub to South African 
domestic politics. 

In the Commons Sir Geof- 
frey faced a sardonic attack 
from Mr Denis Healey, the 
shadow foreign secretary, who 
said the refusal of black lead- 
ers to see him and the “hu- 
miliating snub" from Mr 
Botha must have confirmed 

Continued on page 16, col 8 


Synod support for 
urgent sanctions 


By Angella Johnson 


The General Synod yester- 
day overwhelmingly commit- 
ted the Church of England in 
favour of immediate econom- 
ic sanctions against South 
Africa. 

The Synod’s decision was 
fully endorsed by the Church 
Commissioners, one of the 
largest institutions and inves- 
tors in the City, with about £2 
billion in assets. 

The move also gained the 
support of the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, who said; “I be- 
lieve the sharp economic mea- 
sures or sanctions, whichever 
one prefers to call them, 
selected for maximum impact 
with all the economic insight 
and skill that can be mustered, 
offer the only hope there is, 
however slender, of doing 
what we can in this country to 
stop the present bloodshed 
and prevent it becoming far 
greater". 

Dr Runcie read out a tele- 
gram from Bishop Desmond 


Tutu to the General Synod, 
which said: “We know that 
justice and goodness will pre- 
vail. There is nothing they can 
do against the Church of God. 
not even hell can prevail 
against it”. 

Dr Runcie said that each 
new wave of unrest and 
refusal to talk with Nelson 
Mandela or other ANC lead- 
ers increased the prospects of 
uncontrollable violence. 

The motion, which was 
carried 394-21 , urged the Brit- 
ish Government “to deploy 
effective sanctions against 
South Africa". It also called on 
banks and financial institu- 
tions to increase the pressure 
on Pretoria by withdrawing 
some of their investments. 

A spokesman for the 
Church Commissioners said 
last night that less than 0.5 per 
cent of its annual income 
came from investments with 
multi-national companies in 
South Africa. 


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HOME NEWS 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 8 1986_ 


Drift of tax inspectors 
to higher-paid jobs 
angers Inland Revenue 


By Lawrence Lever 


The Inland Revenue has 
dashed with the legal and 
accountano professions over 
the number of tax inspectors 
who are being lured away 
from their jobs by large pay 
offers from the professions. 

The number of fully-trained 
tax inspectors who have re- 
signed has leapt almost four- 
fold from 34 to 130. in the past 
three years, representing an 
increase from 1.3 per cent of 
the total inspectorate to 5 per 
cent. 

Figures for non-t rained staff 
leaving also show a big in- 
crease in the same period with 
85 personnel leaving last year, 
against 18 three years earlier. 

inland Revenue sources say 
that the low levels of pay 
available to the inspectorate 
mean that the Revenue is 
struggling to maintain its year- 
ly intake of 100 graduate 
trainees. 

The present figures also 
show that the Revenue is 
losing experienced inspectors 
at a greater rate than that at 
which it can take on new 
recruits, who. in any event are 
untrained. 

The Inland Revenue’s re- 
sponse to the defections is to 
cut back severely on answer- 


ing inquiries from accoun- 
tants and solicitors at its 
technical division. 

Mr Barry Pollard, Director- 
General of the Inland Reve- 
nue. has written to several 
professional bodies, including 
the Law Society and the 
Institute of Chartered Ac- 
countants. informing them 
that lines of contact between 
their members and the senior 
tax inspectors who work at the 
Inland Revenue’s Technical 
Division arc no longer open. 

In his letter to the Law 
Society. Mr Pollard says that 
the dedsion has been taken 
’’against a background of con- 
tinuing losses of experienced 
inspectors from the 
department". 

The new policy adopted by 
the Inland Revenue will be a 
severe blow to the professions 
who have grown accustomed 
to being able to get the views 
of the technical division staff 
on specific arrangements that 
they were considering imple- 
menting for their clients.The 
low levels of pay inside the tax 
inspectorate have made in- 
spectors particularly vulnera- 
ble to the temptations of the 
private sector. The starting 
level for a trainee inspector is 


a basic £7.324. while the 
average pay for trained tax 
inspectors is about £15.000. 
Even at the most senior leveL 
. the maximum remuneration 
is about £30.000. plus an 
inflation-proof pension. 

One Inland Revenue in- 
spector earning around 
£25.000 was recently ap- 
proached by a firm of recruit- 
ment consultants. who offered 
him £45.000 plus a car and a 
number of fringe benefits. 

For the most senior inspec- 
tors. the private sector, partic- 
ularly the accountancy firms, 
are willing to pay starting 
salaries of between £50,000 
and £60.000. plus the normal 
perquisites. 

An internal Revenue report 
into the defections has recent- 
ly been completed, although 
there has been no indication 
of when it will be published. 
The professions are angry 
about the Revenue's new 
stance. In a letter to Mr 
Pollard, published in last 
week's Law Society Gazette. 
the solicitors’ trade magazine, 
Mr Cornwell-Kelly. of the 
Law Society, expresses the “ 
serious concern" felt by the 
society’s Revenue Law 
Committee. 


Steel alert 
on Labour 


strategy 


By Sheila Gann 
Political Staff 


Mr David Steel the Liberal 
leader, yesterday attacked the 
Labour Party's new “social 
ownership" strategy as merely 
a repackaging of its old 
policies. 

The strategy will allow a 
Labour Government to regain 
control of privatized industries 
without having to buy back all 
the shares. 

“What it means is no 
change in the substance and 
constitution of the Labour 
Party," Mr Steel said. “What 
they are changing is the 
packaging and labelling." 

He was speaking during the 
second of his three planned 
visits to Newcastle-under- 
Lyme to back np the Alliance 
candidate, Mr Alan Thomas, a 
lecturer and Campaign for 
Nuclear Disarmament 
supporter. 

With Labour's Mrs Uin 
Golding supremely confident 
of increasing her husband's 
general election majority of 
24104 next week, the fight for 
second place has taken on an 
added sharpness. 

The Liberals, needled by 
Conservative jibes about the 
Alliance split ou defence poli- 
cy, produced their own list of 
40 “splits" in the Conservative 
ranks over the past 15 months. 




ttjttdi L Lawrencw <C?_ ~ 

Thomas (UB/AK) 1*916. Labam mat 
2JM4. 


Liberal arts plan 
to replace grants 


By Gavin Bell, Arts Correspondent 


The Liberal .Party has pro- 
posed a £1 billion scheme 
under which annual grants to 
the arts would be replaced by 
endowment trusts, to elimi- 
nate political pressures and 
“dubious deals" between the 
subsidized and the commer- 
cial theatre. 

Mr Bill Pearson, a member 
of the party's arts panel said 
yesterday that a controversy 
surrounding Sir Peter Hall 
and Mr Trevor Nunn had 
highlighted the dangers of the 
commercial sector res ->ing the 
benefits of subsidized 
productions. 

“Annual subsidies encour- 
age arts organizations to bud- 
get every year for containable 
deficits. This means that when 
there are likely to be profits, 
they are hived off into com- 
mercial companies. 

“This is one of the great 
dangers that has recently sur- 
faced with the Hall-Nunn 
debate.-.it’s not just a problem 
with Hall and Nunn, it's a 
problem right the way round 
the system.” he said. 

Sir Peter and Mr Nunn, the 
heads of the National Theatre 
and the Royal Shakespeare 
Company respectively, have 
rejected allegations by The 
Sunday Times that they have 
amassed personal fortunes 
from the transfer of produc- 
tions from their institutions to 
the commercial theatre. 

Mr John Elsom, chairman 
of the Liberal arts panel said 
one aim of their proposal was 


“to stop the taxpayer paying 
the costs of a new production, 
while your commercial impre- 
sario reaps the profits." 

Under the present system, 
arts enterprises were discour- 
aged from making profits for 
fear that they would limit later 
grants. 

The idea was to establish 
capital funds of sufficient size 
to yield an interest which 
would replace all or a sub- 
stantial part of, present annual 
grants. 

An enterprise would then 
become largely self-sufficient 
and able to plan much further 
ahead, with a view to profit- 
able activity that would be 
channelled back into new 
productions. 

The panel conceded that the 
establishment of capital funds 
that would need to be 12 to 1 5 
times the size of present 
subsidies .might appear “an 
impossible dream” to most 
arts enterprises. 

Mr Elsom estimated that 
total funding for subsidized 
organizations over a seven- 
year transitional period would 
be about £1 billion, but tbat 
would be recouped eventually 
by closing the “bottomless 
pit" into which grants were 
poured every year. 

Hie Arts Council, which the 
Liberal Party wants replaced 
by a new National Arts Devel- 
opment Board, is conducting 
an inquiry into all aspects of 
funding. 


Strip searches ‘a deterrent’ 


By Richard Ford 


The Government yesterday 
defended strip searching of 
woman prisoners in Northern 
Ireland after a report claimed 
that it was not justified on 
security grounds. 

Mr Nicholas Scott, Parlia- 
mentary Under Secretary of 
State at the Northern Ireland 
Office, said it was a rare 
month in which there were 
two strip searches on any 
prisoner but that it was needed 
as a deterrent 

He said that a report into 
the penal system of the Irish 
Republic had concluded there 
was no alternative to strip 


searches as a means of detect- 
ing the concealment of illicit 
items. 

A report by the National 
Council for Civil Liberties 
said that random strip search- 
es of women in the north’s 
prisons should only occur on 
their entry and discharge from 
the jail. It said that the 
authorities could use a “rub 
down” search accompanied 
by the use of detection equip- 
ment as an alternative. 

The inquiry team of five 
women added that better pris- 
on security could eliminate 
the need for strip searching 


which offended dignity and 
was perceived as degrading 
treatment by some of those on 
whom it was imposed, 

• Two “loyalist” hunger strik- 
ers at Magilligan Prison. Co 
Londonderry, were trans- 
ferred to the prison hospital 
yesterday. 

A spokesman for the North- 
ern Ireland Office said the 
move was to help observation 
and there was no cause for 
concern about the health of 
the two men.Francis Curry 
and Joseph Nellins have re- 
fused food for three weeks in 
protest against all conditions. 


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Financial and Accounting 
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Lord Gifford, with the report of the committee he chaired into last year’s Tottenham riots. 


Riot inquiry blames police 


A fundamental breakdown 
in the relationship between 
the police and the local com- 
munity was a root cause of last 
year's Tottenham riot m north 
London, according to the 
findings of an independent 
inquiry set up by Haringey 
Council. 

The Metropolitan Police, 
who refused to give evidence 
to the inquiry into the distur- 
bances on the Broadwater 
Farm Estate in Tottenham last 
October, in which a -police 
constable was killed, are 
heavily criticized and accused 
of “oppressive and racist 
policing". The report was 
published yesterday. 

Haringey Council set up the 
Broadwater Farm inquiry, un- 
der the chairmanship of Lord 
Gifford, QC, a Labour peer, 
after the Home Secretary re- 
jected its call for a public 
inquiry. 

The inquiry is also critical 
of Hari ngey Council for allow- 
ing the Broadwater Farm es- 
tate to degenerate into a state 
of disrepair and for its educa- 
tion policies towards black 


children in local schools. 

The inquiry's recommenda- 
tions are: cooperative polic- 
ing, based on mutual respect 
and equality, to be drawn up 
by community leaders and 
police: a police training unit 
for race issues and community 
awareness to be set up in 
Tottenham: a jobs creation 
plan to boost the economy of 
the estate; more government 
grams for Haringey, in line 
with other deprived boroughs. 
Other recommendations are: a 
council contracts compliance 
policy to .ensure that firms 
with local authority tenders 
adopt equal oportunity prac- 
tices; new housing and educa- 
tion policies to be adopted by 
the council to combat racism; 
ethnic records to be kepi by 
the council on schools, hous- 
ing and employment: more 
black teachers in local schools 
and die introduction of multi- 
cultural lessons; more consul- 
tation between the 
community, the police and 
government departments on 
decisions affecting the estate; 
police complaints to be dealt 


with in a realistic manner to 
gain public trust; magistrates 
to use their legal powers to 
stamp out legal abuses such as 
people being refused access to 
a solicitor and an elected 
authority to run the police. 

Lord Gifford said yesterday: 
“We say essentially that the 
tragedy of October 6 last year 
arose because of the terrible 
state of the relationship be- 
tween “the police and the 
community. 

“People had experienced 
real and bitter examples of 
oppressive and racist policing. 
That could have been differ- 
ent had there been a desire 
shown by senior police leaders 
to grapple with the issues. 

“Some police officers tried, 
some talked with the youth 
association and other organi- 
zations on the estate, but their 
conversations never got fur- 
ther than a kind of press 
relations exercise because 
there was no support at the top 
level or from home beat 
officers, who were told itwas 
not their job to meet commu- 
nity’ leaders.” 


Mother who killed 
three sons is jailed 


A mother who killed her 
three children by smothering 
them with a pillow was jailed 
for two years yesterday at the 
High Court sitting in Glasgow. 

Mrs Catherine Maxwell, 
aged 24, of NitshiU; Glasgow, 
was originally charged with 
murdering her- sons, David, 
aged 7. Michael 4, and Ryan, 
10 weeks, but pleaded guilty to 
a reduced charge of culpable 
homicide. 

The court was told that Mrs 
Maxwell had been suffering 
from post-natal depression in 
the weeks after Ryan’s birth. 

On the night of March 18, 
the man wiutg whom she was 
living, James, kissed the chil- 
dren good night before leaving 
for the pub with a friend. 

Advocate Depute Mr Wil- 
liam Nimmo Smith, QC, for 
the prosecution, said: “It 
seems that not very long after 
the two men had left she 
smothered all three children 
by placing pillows over their 
faces. At about that time she 
seems to have written a note.” 

The note said: “I am sorry 
Chum [her pet name for her 
husband], I can't take life any 
more. Please try to forgive me. 
I love you very much. 1 do 
really. Tell mum I love her, 
too. I can't leave the kids. 
Now nobody will ever hurt 
them. They didn’t suffer. Bury 
them with me.” 

The court was told that Mrs 
Maxwell then took a .razor- 
blade and slashed her wrists. 
She lay down on the bed where 
the two elder children lay 
dead, with the baby in a pram 
by her side. 


Mr Nimmo Smith, QG said 
that when she woke np it 
seems that she abandoned any 
idea of killing herself and 
rushed to neighbours telling 
them she had killed her 
children. 

Dr Alexander Cooper, a 
consultant ' psychiatrist, of 
Levemdale hospital said 
there was no past history of 
mental illness. 

But after leaving hospital 
after Ryan's birth, Mrs Max- 
well was depressed, burst into 
tears for no obvious reason, 
cried and did not want to get 
out of bed. She was unwilling 
to let her sister handle the 
baby and when her mother 
visited her she found her 
daughter had not washed for 
several days, changed her 
clothes or done any 
housework. 

Mrs Maxwell refused to let 
her mother make an appoint- 
ment with her doctor. 

Dr Cooper said she was 
suffering from post-natal de- 
pression, and at the time of the 
killings was in a “premenstru- 
al phase". 

Mr Alistair Cameron, QG 
defendinbg, urged that Mrs 
Maxwell be treated in 
hospital 

But the judge. Lord Robert- 
son, said the court must 
impose a sentence “which will 
mark the grave view, which 
has to be taken of this crime”. 

He jailed Mrs Maxwell for 
two years, backdated to March 
20. and directed that all the 
medical reports be sent to the 
iinorities. 


Control of 
Whitehall 
attacked 


prison aut 


By George Hill 

The Prime Minister should 
give up control of the Civil 
Service to a politically neutral 
commission appointed by the ‘ 
Speaker. Mr William Rodgere, • 
vice-president of the Social 
Democratic Party, said 

“Morale in the service is as 
low as it has ever been because 
it is getting the worst of all 
possible worlds. 

“The head of the Civil 
Service should be the most 
senior official in Whitehall 
and have no other duties. Day 
to day management of the 
service should not be the task 
of the Cabinet Secretary, re- 
sponsible to the Prime Minis- 
ter, nor of the Permanent 
Secretary of the Treasury.” 

The Prime Minister should 
give up the role and formal 
title of “Minister for the Civil 
Service" and the service 
should have its political neu- 
trality put beyond doubt by | 
being put under the control of 
a Civil Service commission 
appointed by the Speaker on 
the advice of a Commons 
select committee or of Privy 
Counsellors. 

The Civil Service was also 
cloistered community" 


Walk-out 

halts 

prison 

ballot 


By Peter Evans 
Home .Affairs 
Correspondent 

A ballot of prison officers 
about ending a long running 
manning dispute has been 
suspended because of the 
staffing disagreement at Risley 
Remand Centre. • 

The 19.500 membeis of the 
Prison Officers Association 
had started voting last week 
and the count was due this 
week. Initial indications were 
that" there was a majority in 
favour of ending the dispute. 

Talks were held yesterday at 
the Prison Department be- 
tween top officials and associ- 
ation leaders to try to settle the 
Risley dispute,. otherwise ac- 
tion could spread. 

. On Friday. 50 -prison offi- 
cers walked out in protest over 
staffing levels at Risley and a 
work-to-rule . continued 
throughout the weekend. 

The- Prison Department 
said that the local branch of 
the association refused to 
cooperate with a manpower 
team which arrived. yesterday 
to assess the association's 
claim that two officers were 
needed to man the four cells at 
the centre of the dispute. 

The association argued that 
the dispute had gone to par 
tional levels but the Prison 
Department is anxious that 
every local dispute should not 
be decided nationally. 

When used for top security 
prisoners there were two offi- 
cers patrolling the celt block 
and the doors were, locked. 
The management argues, that 
when the cells are -used for 
overspill extra staff are not 
needed. 

The Prison Department was 
playing down a report of a cell 
fire at Risley over the weekend 
as not uncommon. But it does 
show the volatility of some 
prisoners. 


Practise ban 
to continue 


; A doctor who ate a meal 
while tiring a -laser beam to 
remove a tattoo from a patient 
was yesterday told he cannot 
return to practise medicine. 

Dr Robert Frempong, aged 
43, of Forest Gate; east Lon- 
don , was struck off the medi- 
cal register two years ago after 
being found guilty of serious 
professional misconduct 


move 
to outlaw 
obscenity 
on the air 


By Gavin Bell 
Arts Correspondent 



Mrs Mary White bo use has 
renewed her-- campaign for 
legislation on obscenity to be 
extended to cover Tbroadcasjt- 
ing, and for tighter controls on 
the- production and: import of 
pornography. 

Mrs Whitebonse, President 
of the National Viewers', and . 
Listeners’AssodatioB,pre- 
sented her latest recomnfenda- 
tions yesterday in a report to 
Mr Douglas Hurd, the Home 
Secretary. 

Present laws and manitor- 








,«i i * 


:.e- v v 


failed to stem a rising, tide of 
pornography and violence that . 
had led to widespread “wand 
pollution", she said: “ . 

Accordingly, the Govern- 
ment should: ... 

• introduce a .new Obscene 
Publications: Act- to 'cover 

broadcasting. 

• extend the terms of refer- 
ence of the Broadcasting Com- 
plaints Commission to mdnde 
complaints from organizations 
and indiridual viewers. ■ > 

• require the Commission to - 
publicize its address oiual] ‘ 
channels and. or have, its 
annual report debated in 
Parliament. - - : > 1 ‘ . " : 

• establish: . a Ministry; el 

Broadcasting with oreraH re- 
sponsibility for the electronic : 
media. . ; - \ - 

• mstrnct chief constables to - 
record sex crimes, with whidi 
obscene- .material was 
associated. 

The Government was- also 
urged to enforce stirktly biws ; 
against the publication of por- 
nography. • - ' 

Mrs Whitehouse claimed 
that there was public frnstrd- ; 
tionat the ease with which, ! 
she said, the BBC and the ITV - 
companies often patromzBd > ar_ 
ignored viewers' complaints. . 

No independent council or , 
ibqniry board of the kind ? 
recommended - by the Annan 
report into broadcast^- .hi . 
19 77 had been estabfisbea. ’• 

The association proposed 
that Section 1 of the Obsdene , 
Publications Act .1959 lie: 
amended to cover audible and - 
visual publications. Mrs 
Whitehouse's petition follows 
a similar reebmmendatidat hf; 
the Peacock Committee that 
the “normal laws of die land" 
relating. to obscenity . be. ex- 
tended to cover the broadcast- 
ing medial/^ 






SEv- 


I jCtDO-— - ’■** ‘ 


J.. . 3 — - 


Inquiry Hkely pn Civil 
Service union election 


which needed closer links with 
industry and the . political 
world. Mr Rodgers told the 
Social Democratic Lawyers 
Association in London. 

Secondment for. not less 
Lhan five years into industry 
and elsewhere should become 
the rule. 


Asbestos 

detection 

advance 


The family of a dockworker 
who died from asbestos poi- 
soning is hoping to win com- 
pensation in the High Court 
because of advances in medi- 
cal technology. 

Mr Arthur Swallow, aged 
70. of East Ham. east London, 
died from lung cancer in 
August 1984 as a result of the 
disease he contracted during 
43 vears in the docks. 

His inquest at St Pancras. 
central London, yesterday 
failed to prove death by 
industrial disease. Dr Douglas 
Chambers, the coroner, .re- 
corded an open verdict be- 
cause he said he could not be 
swayed “by the balance of 
probabilities". 

But Dr Robin Rudd, con- 
sultant physician at the Lon- 
don Chest Hospital, said that 
the verdict would be enough 
to win a High Court case. 

“Without the new facility of 
electro-microscopy this ver- 
dict would have been death by 
natural' causes. The result will 
bevenough to win in the High 
Court because the probabili- 
ties are taken into account 
there.” he said. 


Correction 

The length of Southend pier is 
7.080ft. not 2.158ft as reported 
on July 2. 


Cyanide fear as man 
dies in road accident 


Mr John Hedges, aged 27,a 
farmer’s son, is believed to 
have died from cyanide poi- 
soning after being showered 
with a pesticide powder when 
his Land Rover crashed and 
overturned into a ditch near 
Banbury. Oxfordshire. 

Rescuers who tried to pull 
the man out of the upturned 


cab panicked when they real- 
ized they were also- being 
covered with the powder. 

They noticed a warning on a 
broken chemical container 
and the road was sealed off. 

Several people, including 
police officers, firemen and 
ambulancemen were taken to 
hospital in Banbury. 


ByMarkDowd 

The national executive of 
the Civil and Public Services 
Association meets today to 
decide what action to take 
after the election of Mr John 
Macreadie, a Militant sup- 
porter, as general secretary. 

Executive committee mem- 
bers expect to be “under 
siege" at the union’s head 
office in Gapham, south Lon- 
don; if hundreds of Mr 
Macreadie’s supporters come 
to to support him. 

Mr Macreadie last week 


beat his right-wing challenger, 
Mr John Ellis, with a majority 


lajoi 

of 121 out of more than 60,000 
votes cast This led to charges 
of ballot rigging and other 
irregularities. 

Right-wingers on the execu- 
tive have received legal advice 
for their strategy at the meet- 
ing. But a senior spokesman 
said he would not give details 
because this would prejudice 
members before the meeting. 

Under the ' union's com- 
plaints procedure, the presi- 
dent Mrs Marion Chambers, 
will give details of objections 
received from members. 

Any inquiry will last 28 days 
with a report to be issued to 
the returning officers, the 
union's accountants Hard 
Dowdy and Co. They will 
decide if there are grounds for 
a new ballot 

A decision would have to be 
taken on whether a full re-run 
or partial ballot in those 
branches affected by irregular- 
ities would be necessary. 

With a right-wing dominat- 
ed executive committee, an 


Sinclair seeks £5m for 
wafer chip company 


By Bill Johnstone, Technology Correspondent 


Sir Give Sinclair, whose 
financially ailing computer 
business was bought by 
Amstrad for £5 million, is 
attempting to raise £6 million 
to finance a new microchip 
company. Anamartic. 

The money, which Sir Give 
hopes to raise by September 
before seeking funds in the 
United Suites, will be in 
exchange for about 30 per amt 
of the company. 

Employees and Sinclair Re- 
search. Sir Clive’s holding 
company, will control the 
remaining equity. The Sinclair 
Research share is expected to 
be less than 50 per cent. 

The company will seek to 
make new types of computer 
memories. The technique, wa- 
fer scale integration, allows 
many more microchips to be 
compressed onto one unit. 


The market in the USA and 
Europe for this product is 
wqrih more than $300 
million.Sir Clive would not be 
drawn on what share the 
company would attempt, to 
capture, but if the finance can 
be found the first product will 
be available early next year. 

The company has invested 
about £3 million in the tech- 
nology. Sinclair Research 
about £2 million and Barclays 
Bank most of the remainder. 


By 

conductor manufacturers and 
users as investors, apart from 
City finance, because the 
microchips would need to be 
made in an existing manufac- 
turing plant The finance 
sought by Sinclair would not 
be sufficient to build a new 
one. 


. inquiry is expected but there fa 

confusion about who will; be 
nominated as the independent - 
arbitrator. 

' Sources say that Mr Alistair 
Graham, the outgoing general' 
secretary, fa now out ofthe 
running, while Mr Macreadie 
and the defeated candidate, 
Mr John Ellis are interested 
parties. 

Mr Macreadie , yesterday 
said that Mrs Chambers ; 
would also be an unacceptable 
choice to the left because she - 
had made “scurrilous re- 
marks" about his election and 
obviously failed the “test of 
neutrality". 

“If the right wing in this 
union attempt to overturn the 
result by declaring it null and . 
void because their candidate • 
was defeated then I Will take 
action against them," he saicL - 

“If they want to attack the 
rules and democracy iff this- . 
union I would go to thfrcoiirts 
to defend them.' \,.c \ ; 

He said a new style- of 
leadership was needed to ; re- 
spond to the new mood in the , 
union. "•*; 

He said be did~not expect a 
re-run ofthe election.to. be the 
outcome of any inquiry^but if 
that did happen, he would ' 
strive to achieve “left- unity”, . 
by seeking to dissuade \ihe 
Broad Left '84 candidate, Mr 
Geoff Hewtas. from standing. - 

Mr Hewtas polled r&Ore-. 
than 1A000 votes .in. the - 
election and is understood- to . 
be reluctant to withdraw If 
there was another polL ' ' 


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lost in ‘Oxbridge’ 
Switch to coeducation 


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_ Cambridge because of the 
increasing move to coeduca- 
tion, with former men’s cok 
' ■ leges continuing to hire male 
- •:.■ •„ , -<•■ 7-*s.v -'-‘eciurcrs while former 
; Vr, £?•** H-v 5 V :'womcn s colleges are recruit- 

‘T ,n ® men in substantial 
— “ numbers. 

— Figures collected by the 
universities for submission to 
-—the European Commission in 
^.Brussels show that there has 
*" been virtually no change in the 
.-.number of women dons in 
! Oxford over the past 20 years, 
now approximately 12 per 
...ant of the total the same 
figure as in 1 966. 

In Cambridge the total 
--■ n umber of women fellows has 
risen marginally — less than 1 
■T- percentage point - from 12.9 
- ‘Percent in 1980-81 to 13.6 per 
..‘..cent in 1985. 

The figures are worrying 
because they contrast with the 
“* increasing numbers of women 
.'^studying at Oxford and 
r* Cambridge.' 

Women undergraduates at 
Oxford have risen from just 
•• over 2.000 in 1 970 to 4.630 in 
1985, about 40 per cent of the 
'student population. At Cam- 
bridge the proportion of worn- 


'23. 

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. “'■•fc:,' 

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postgraduate numbers from 
14 per cent to 28 per ant 

Yet the proportion of male 
fellows appointed to former 
women’s colleges at Oxford is 
about 44 per ant. compared 
with only 4 per ant of women 
fellows at the former male 
colleges. 

The statistics have been 
collected to try to head off a 
move by the EEC to take legal 
action against Britain for al- 
lowing a small number of 
single-sex Oxford and Cam- 
bridge colleges to continue to 
recruit members of their own 
sex. 

The colleges are Lucy Cav- 
endish and Newnham. in 
Cambridge, and St Hilda’s 
and Somerville, at Oxford, all 
of which hire women fellows 
only, and Magdalene College. 
Cambridge, which continues 
to recruit men only. 

The feeling is that, if the 
four remaining women's col- 
leges are forced to go coeduca- 
tional . women's job prospects 
will get even worse. The hope 
is that the EEC Commission 
will drop its threat of legal 
action. 

• Girls are better than boys at 


making ' scientific observa- 
tions. but are consistently 
worse than boys in dealing 
with physics concepts, accord- 
ing to a report published 
yesterday by the 
Government's Assessment of 
Performance Unit, 

The report, which draws on 
five years of annual surveys of 
pupils aged il. 13 and 15, 
shows that girls are as good as 
boys at applying biology and 
chemistry concepts at the age 
of 11 and 13. It is in physics 
that they fall down. 

The relatively poor under- 
standing of physics concepts 
among girls is apparent at age 
1 1, 13 and 15. and the gap in 
performance persists even 
among the clever boys and 
girls. 

This reflects differences in 
the kind of hobbies preferred 
by boys and girls, the report 
suggests, with girls favouring 
“homemaking” activities such 
as sewing and cooking and 
boys “tinkering” activities 
such as dismantling mechani- 
cal objects. 

“These early differences in 
the scientific experiences and 
interests of boys and girls are 
carried through to their hob- 
bies and activities as 
teenagers.” 



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“ Random 
breath 
^ tests plea 

' Random breath tests would 
; 'reduce the number of road 
v . deaths by up to 30 per ant 
and save more than £700 mil- 

- "lion in medical and legal costs 
each year, the Campaign 

-Against Drunk Driving 
(CADD) claimed yesterday. 

The association, which rep- 
resents more than 350 parents 
^ -and ^ relatives of victims of 
^'drunken drivers, will recom- 

* -mend random breath tests 
throughout Britain and com- 

e-pulsory breath tests on all 
"-'drivers involved in drink- 
driving accidents, at a meeting 
"-today with the Road Traffic 
Law Review in London. 

* The association will also 
urge that a new charge, caus- 
ing death by careless driving, 
•should be introduced to dose 
'the net on drunkeirtJrivers. 

. Mr John Knight Wfto co- 
founded CADD last year after 
his son. Colin, aged 29. a 
computer expert died in a 

- road accident caused by a 
^ drunken driver three years 

* •. ago. criticized the courts yes- 

terday for imposing only the 
^..minimum prison sentences. 
? fines and driving bans on 
.'most drivers charged with 
causing death by reckless driv- 
‘ ing and careless driving. 

“The existing legislation is 
there, induding life-long bans 

■ on driving, but loo few courts 
y. are prepared to impose the 

, maximum penalties,” Mr 
11. Knight said in Cambridge. 

-• • British teenagers are drink- 
. ’ ing more and smoking less 

* than previous generations, ac- 
cording to pilot surveys of 

-. 15.000 1 6-year-olds in En- 
gland. Scotland and Wales. 

■; Professor Neville Butler, 
director of Youthscan. which 
\ is carrying out a national 

study of all young people born 

*1 between April 11 and 15, 
1970. told a London confer- 
'* ence that during the last 
decade the number of smokers 
. in this age group had de- 
^ creased from 40 per cent to *0 
per ant. 

; But the number of teenaged 
Z. drinkers appears to have dou- 
V. bled, from 40 per cent to 80 
■h percent. 

Youthscan will also investi- 
-* gate the British teenage sui- 

* cidc rate, which is one of the 
highest in Europe, particularly 

■ among girls. 


Age limit for jury 
service may be 70 


By Philip Webstar 
Chief Political 
Correspondent 

The Government is -plan- 
ning to return to the older 
generation the right to sit on 
juries. Under legislation ex- 
pected in the next session of 
Parliament the upper age limit 
for juiy service is expected to 
be raised from 65 to 70. 
although people in that age 
group will have the right to 
refuse if they wish. 

The plan is backed by 
ministers, who accept the 
validity of growing complaints 
about the quality of some 
juries, and the need for more 
people of seniority and profes- 
sional experience to sit on 
them. Criticism about too 
many youthful juries resulting 
in too many acquittals is felt 
by some ministers to have 
force. 

It also fits with’ the belief of 
ministers, including Mis Mar- 
garet Thatcher, that retired 
people should be given every 


opportunity to play an active 
part in the community. 

Under the change, expected 
in the Criminal Justice Bill 
already promised for early in 
the new session, some two and 
a half million more people will 
be made eligible for jury 
service. 

The age limit was reduced 
from 70 to 65 in 1972. but the 
Government believes that giv- 
ing people the right voluntari- 
ly to serve, if called, until they 
are 70. would reflect the fact 
that people generally are living 
longer and are healthier at the 
time of retirement. 

Previous studies have re- 
jected change, riling the hard- 
ship that jury service may 
impose in terms of travel, long 
periods of concentration and 
the greater likelihood of im- 
paired eyesight and hearing 
among the elderly. 

But ministers now believe 
that, provided people have the 
right to be excused if they 
wish, the jury system could 
only benefit 


RSPCA given pledge 
on foxhunting leaflet 


The Royal Society for the 
Prevention of Cruelty to Ani- 
mals has won a High Court 
battle over a pro-foxhunting 
leaflet issued by the British 
Field Sports Society. 

The BFSS promised at a 
private hearing before Mr 
Justice Walton yesterday not 
to use the RSPCA logo on the 
leaflet Foxhunting: why the 
RSPCA is wrong. 

The BFSS also agreed to 
destroy all leaflets already 
printed and pay all the 


RSPCA’s legal costs after they 
were sued for infringement of 
copyright and passing off 

The court undertaking was 
given by Lord Margadale. 
president of the BFSS, Sir 
Bernard Waley-Cohen. deputy 
president, and Sir Stephen 
Hastings, the chairman. 

Mrs Joan Sehhouse, chair- 
man of the RSPCA. said after 
the hearing: “This leaflet was 
in our view highly misleading, 
so we are delighted the BFSS 
has recanted. 


Police authority wants 
faster Stalker inquiry 

pnnrlncinn 4C CAAn at nTKtlVlIl 


By Peter Davenport 
Leaders of the Greater Man- 
chester police authority are to 
mat Mr Giles Shaw, a Home 
Office minister, on Thursday 
to demand the speeding up of 
the inquiry into the suspen- 
sion of their Deputy Chief 
Constable, Mr John Stalker. 

They want assurances that 
the disciplinary inquiry into 
allegations that Mr Stalker 
may have kept “unwise asso- 
ciations with criminals” . in its 
sixth week, be brought to a 


conclusion as soon as possible. 

They want the officer in 
charge. Mr Colin Sampson, 
Chie F Constable ofWest York- 
shire, to be removed from the 
inquiry into an alleged shoot- 
to-kill policy by fite Royal 
Ulster Constabulary. 

The meeting will be attend- 
ed by the authority’s Labour 
chairman, Mr Norman Briggs; 
his deputy. Mr David Moffat; 
Tory group leader, Mr John 
Hanscornb; and the clerk, Mr 
Roger Rees. 


German on spy charge 
‘won £V 2 m contracts’ 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 
An Easi German accused of form'd^ very high impra- 

_ L-. .lUArvlttP 


!» ! 


espionage was a hard-working 
and talented kitchen designer 
who negotiated more than 
£500.000 of contracts in a few 

- to,d 

TSSEri Schulze, aged I 33 


sion of his work. It was 
superb”. 

Mr Smith said that in the 
five months Mr Schulze 
worked for his firm, on a fee 
and percentage basis designing 
and selling kitchens, he 
brought in work worth 



Reinhard Schulze, ageo •», brought in wo ™ wu™. 

and his wife Sonja. aged 36. of £567.000. In a fu« yeu . Mr 

Cranfoixl. west .London, have Schulze's eamm^could have 


vnuizc a vai iimfrj , 

been between £24.000 and 
£50.000. 

Mr Pervez Hussain, a shop- 
owner and friend of the 


pSed nOt guilty to charges 

Enderihe Official Secreu Act 

Yesterday Mr Resell 

"Si® »E*T5<i 

found he ««* a very -!-L _ ^»Mi AArthrttlK Trvinv 

worker. 


H rUl The case continues todav^ 


Doctor to stay 

suspended 

A hospital consultant jaded 
for selling blood iBapDyto a 

company was toM >«[« 

he would not be able 
practise until at least February 
next year. 

Dr Mark Patterson ofChnst 
Church Hill. Hampstead 
London, had applied to the 
General Medical Council to be 
reinstated io the register-^ 


prisoner sues 
over injection 

Keith Mulcahy. a prisoner 
whose allegations of b«ng 
illegally injected with a seda- 
live were upheld, is to sue the 
Home Office- 

Mr David Gray, his New- 
casile-based solicitor, is taking 
Stion following die incident 
Frankland jaiL Durhaim 
where Mulcahy. aged 23. 
serving a five-year sentence 


Olympic 

campaign 

praised 

Security is the strongest 
point in favour of Birming- 
ham's bid to host the 1992 
Olympic Games. Sefior Juan 
Samaranch, president of the 
Olympic Committee, said yes- 
terday during a visit to the 
city. 

Senor Samaranch. ■ who 
comes from Barcelona which 
is tipped as the top contender 
for the games, said: “I shall 
not be voting, nor can 2 
influence the vote. There are 
9 0 members of the Olympic 
Committee and they are ail in- 
dependent 

“They know very well what 
is needed for the Games." 

He was in Birmingham to 
visit the Olympic facilities and 
to launch a new BBC Olympic 
English language course; 

After louring the National 
Exhibition Centre site where 
the Games would be staged. 
Senor Samara nch said: “There 
are no weaknesses in Birming- 
ham's bid. I am more im- 
pressed than I was before." 

He said that Birmingham 
would also be able to stage a 
proposed art Olympics in its 
new conference centre. 



Television 
producer 
changing 
channels 

Mr Roger Bolton, the for- 
mer Panorama and Nation- 
wide editor, is to leave the 
BBC to join Thames 
Television. 

Mr Bolton, aged 40. was in 
charge of the BBCs Manches- 
ter production centre which 
was scrapped in a regional 
shake-up. 

He will join Thames next 
month as editor of This Week, 
which returns to replace the 
current affairs programme, 
TI * Ere. in September. 

Mr Bolton was editor of 
Panorama for two years from 
1979 before going to Nation- 
wide as editor, where he stayed 
Tor two years before moving to 
the Manchester centre. 

Raid on home 
of actress 

Police are hunting two or 
three armed robbers who 
bound and gagged the actress 
Honor Blackman in a raid on 
her home at Barnes, south 
London. 

Miss Blackman was asleep 
when the attack took place last 
Tuesday. The raiders took 
jewellery and other personal 
items valued at several thou- 
sand pounds. 

Fifth member 
of family dies 

Nigel Williams, aged three, 
who was burned in a blaze 
which killed his father, two 
sisters and a baby brother at 
their home in Witycombe 
Drive, Banbury, Oxfordshire, 
died in hospital yesterday. 

His mother, Mrs Jayne 
Williams, aged 24, who fought 
to save her children, was 
expected to leave hospital 
today. 

Dynasty star’s 
‘rash move’ 

The actress Pamela Bell- 
wood. who plays Claudia in 
Dynasty, refused to be inter- 
viewed by TV-am presenter 
Nick Owen yesterday after 
being told that he was suffer- 
ing from suspected german 
measles. 

Miss Bellwood, who was 
concerned about passing on 
the infection to her young son, 
was interviewed by co-pre- 
senter Anne Diamond in an- 
other studio. 

Man in fight 
at base dies 

A murder inquiry has been 
set up after the death of a man 
following a fight during an 
annual Triendship fete” at a 
United States Air Force base, 
RAF Chicksands, near 
Shefford, Bedfordshire, on 
Sunday. 

Benjamin Gordon, aged 23, 
of Hart Lane, Luton, received 
head injuries and later died in 
hospital at Bedford. 

Pier scheme 

Shanklin Pier on the Isle of 
Wight is to be restored to its 
former Victorian splendour. 
Leading Leisure, the new own- 
ers. says it plans to create a big- 
leisure complex on the pier 
after restoring the structure. 


“So I asked myself why shouldn't there be a woman in No 10" . . . PCNultaJl’s view of Mrs Thatcher and her fellow parlia- 
mentarians (from left): Michael Heseltine. Francis Pym, Julian Critchley, Sir Ian Gibnour, Ted Heath. Tam Dalyell, Peter 
Bruin vels, Michael Foot, Dr David Owen, David Steel, Neil Kinnock, Denis Healey and Mis Edwma Currie, with portraits 

of Lord Carrington and Mr Leon Brirtan behind. 


‘Modern Spy’ star 
of House hanging 


As paintings and drawings 
by Members of Parliament 
and Peers were being hong for 
today's opening of the annual 
House of Commons art exhibi- 
tion, the show's undisputed 
“star” stood duty In the Lower 
Gallery in his favourite role of 
an observer. 

The only non-member of 
both Houses permitted to 
exhibit in the show. Police 
Constable Ian Nuttail has 
earned wide for his 

satirical studies of political life 
at Westminster. 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher, 
who opened last year's show, 
praised his work and referred 
to him as the “modern Spy". 

A series of three cartoons, 
painted in water-colours, 
which feature Mrs Thatcher 
and politicians from both 
Houses, take pride of place in 
this year's exhibition in the 
Upper Waiting Hall. 

Mr David Crouch, Conser- 
vative MP for Canterbury, and 
a keen water-colourist, de- 
scribed PC NuttafFs cartoons 
as “outstanding". 

“They improve every year 
and the advisory committee on 
arts plans to boy at least two of 
the cartoons to hang in the 
House,” be said. 


Camera shy and reluctant to 
talk much about his other 
career as an artist, PC Nuttail 
said that be didn't mind being 
called a “modern Spy". 

“I started out with portraits 
and then ventured into carica- 
tures. If yon work in the House 
yon see many characters. This 
is a wonderful vantage point.” 

However, the public will not 
be able to view a fourth 
cartoon submitted by PC 
Nuttail, which features some 
members of the royal family. 

Mr Crouch, the show's or- 
ganizer, said that it would not 
be exhibited “because the 
House does not make com- 
ments about the royal family". 

PC Nuttail said that he was 
surprised it had been with- 
drawn and that he wouldn't 
call it eoatroversiaLHe not 
only includes MPs and former 
political personalities io his 
work. 

About 22 MPs and Peers 
will be exhibiting more than 
50 paintings, drawings and 
tapestries in the annual show, 
which has been running for 
more than 20 years. 

Mr Crouch , who always 
takes a sketch book and a 
paintbox on his overseas trips, 
has submitted four water- 


ft 

:Cri 


m 




iilr - ,-v 


*V:> 





PC Nuttail, praised by the Prime Minister for his satirical 
look at political life at Westminster. 


colours, including a view of the 
Kremlin in Moscow from the 
British Embassy. 

Lord Tborneycroft, an ac- 
complished painter and mem- 
ber of the Royal Society of 


British Artists, has contribut- 
ed a still life and a Venetian 
scene. 

Mr Richard Luce, Minister 
for the Arts, will open the 
exhibition today. 


Blaze was 
‘fraud for 
insurance 9 

Rowland Gorst. a managing 
director, set fire to his factory 
in a £98.000 insurance fraud. 
Chester Crown Court was told 
But first he made sure his 
own Ferrari was moved out of 
harm’s way, Mr Anthony 
Evans, QC, for the prosecu- 
tion. alleged. 

Mr Gorst, aged 41, of 
Huntingdon. Chester, denies 
arson at an industrial estate in 
Sandvcroft. Clwyd, on No- 
vember 10, 1984. 

He also denies arson to 
machinery, plant and stock 
belonging to his company, 
Glassguard Products Limited. 

He pleads not guilty to 
attempting to dishonestly ob- 
tain £98.000 from the General 
Accident Insurance Company. 
The case continues today. 


Dealers in £lm ‘heroin 
misery 9 sent to prison 


Two heroin dealers who 
were trapped by undercover 
policemen as they prepared to 
put “£l million worth of 
misery” on to Britain's streets, 
were given jail sentences at the 
Central Criminal Court. 

Judge Rant told Shewaraxn 
Punjabi, aged 50, a natural- 
ized Briton, and 
Hajimohammed Makwana, 
aged 40, an Indian national: 
“Trading in heroin is about 
the worst crime short of 
murder in the criminal 
calendar. 

“The reason why it is such a 
contemptible and nlihy activi- 
ty is because, perhaps almost 
uniquely so far as crime is 
concerned, there is bound to 
be harm of a serious nature 
caused to others as a result. 

“I propose to sentence both 
of you in terras of the quantity 


you were dealing with. The 
quantity of the drug indicates 
the quantity of human misery 
which would result if it had 
gone on to the streets.” 

He jailed Punjabi, of 
Smallberry Avenue, Isle- 
worth, west London, for 13 
years, and Makwana. of Al- 
leyn Court, Sussex Gardens, 
Bayswaier. west London, for 
nine years. Both were convict- 
ed by a jury of possessing 
more than £1 million worth of 
heroin on October 28, 1984. 

The judge recommended 
Makwana for deportation. 

He said that Pirlimaen! had 
recently underlined its serious 
view of heroin trafficking by 
raising, from 14 years to life, 
the maximum sentence. But 
he was bound by the maxi- 
mum sentence — 14 years — 
which applied at the time. 


BR may 
offer new 
cheap fare 

British Rail passengers in 
London and the South-east 
may get another cheap day's 
train travel in the autumn 
after the outstanding success 
of last month's "network 
day”, Mr Chris Green, direc- 
tor of BR's services in the 
region said yesterday.! Michael 
Batly. Transport Editor, 
writes). 

Some 200.000 people paid 
£3 fora day's unlimited travel 
when the network was thrown 
open on June 21. 

The autumn Network Day 
might be linked to the launch 
of a new Network Railcard, 
offering reduced fare travel 
throughout the sector on a 
regular basis. 


Damages for child blunder 


A mother won damages in 
the High.Court yesterday after 
giving away her new-born 
daughter because of a hospital 
blunder. 

Her daughter, now aged 4, 
who is being adopted by foster 
parents, is also seeking dam- 
ages for the accident which left 
her severely handicapped. 

Mrs Margaret Puxon, QC, 
counsel for the girl, told Mr 
Justice AJliott that Sandra 
Roberts had been rejected by 
her mother and that there was 
“no bonding" between them. 

Sandra was born prema- 


turely in November 1981 at 
West Suffolk Hospital. Bury 
St Edmunds, and had been 
given a massive blood transfu- 
sion because her parents had 
rare incompatible blood. 

The court was told that she 
had suffered a heart attack and 
brain damage, and was now 
deaf and spastic in her lower 
limbs, although she could 
crawl, with the mind of a child 
aged 18 months to two years. 

The hospital has been ac- 
cused of going ahead with the 
birth when it did not have the 
proper facilities, and of not 


giving the mother tests which 
would have allowed the baby 
to be treated. 

Mrs Puxon said that the 
mother, Mrs Julie Roberts, of 
Mouse Rougham. Bury St 
Edmunds, had suffered dis- 
tress and feelings of rejection 
after the birth and Sandra had 
been taken away from her. 

The East Anglian Regional 
Health Authority has agreed 
to pay damages to both par- 
ties. but is contesting the 
amount to be paid to the child. 

The hearing continues 
today. 


Japanese challenger 
to Porsche on sale 

By Clifford Webb, Motoring Correspondent 


A Toyota sports coape de- 
signed to beat the Porsche 
goes on sale in British show- 
rooms today. The I3$mph 
Supra is the fastest prod action 
car yet from Japan's largest 
motor manufacturer. 

It Is not only faster bat more 
lavishly equipped than the big 
selling Porsche 924S. At 
£1539, h costs £3.000 more 
than the previous Supra but is 
still about £200 cheaper than 
the Porsche. 

A front-engine, rear-driven 
2+2 Grand Tourer, it comes 
standard with power steering, 
air conditioning, anise con- 
trol, central locking, electric 
windows, multi-adjustable 
seats and steering column and 


a stereo radio/eassette player 
with four speakers. 

The 3-litre, 6-cylinder en- 
gine is claimed to be one of the 
most technically advanced in 
the world with four valves per 
cylinder, double overhead 
camshafts, twin nozzle fuel 
injection and an electronic 
system which controls the 
engine's efficiency and identi- 
fies problems. 

In the event of a serious 
malfunction it will override the 
driver and stop the engine. 

The new Supra will still 
have to prove itself to fast 
drivers to win them over from 
Porsche. Despite development 
work by Lotos the handling 
and ride of its predecessor fell 
short of Porsche's standards. 



The Snpra, featuring an etectonic system to identify faults. 


Robbery 
link is 
denied 

Mr John Fleming, who is 
wanted for questioning about 
Britain's biggest robbery, the 
£26 million Brinks-Mat bul- 
lion raid at Heathrow. Lon- 
don, in 1983. said yesterday 
that he bad no inieniion of 
returning to Britain after his 
expulsion from Spain in 12 
days’ time. 

Mr Fleming, aged 45, who 
was interviewed by Indepen- 
dent Television News at his 
villa near Benidorm. said that 
he had nothing to do with the 
robbery, but feared police 
would fabricate evidence 
against him. 

The Spanish Interior Minis- 
try has ordered his expulsion 
under a strict new aliens' law 
on the grounds that he was in 
possession of a false passport 

Mr Fleming said in the ITN 
inierviewi'T nad nothing to do 
with the robbery." 

He added: “J can sit here 
and talk to you now and say I 
had nothing to do with fois 
robbery, but I should think 
that one day in an English cell 
a confession would appear ” 


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TO A IQYOUS ROYAL OCCASION. The Wedding 

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Pictured is the magnificent “Jolly Boat * Wine Coaster 
bearing a pair of Royal Brierley Crystal Decanters. Other 
items range from an Alms Dish at £ 200 to a silver mounted 
Crystal Caret Jug at £.1,250. For further information please 
send for our brochure. 



“Jolly Boat" £3,850. 


1 1 2 REGENT STREET 
LONDON W1A2JJ 
TELEPHONE 01-734 7020 




HOME NEWS 


PARLIAMENT JULY 7 1986 


Howe’s mission 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 8 1986 . 

inn • Needs of industry 


Coal imports 


Howe intending to visit 
S Africa later this month 


Minister outlines six policy 
objectives for industry 

W . «««_._ I—.; r^llanlino 9 i -T 


APARTHEID 


Sir Geoffrey Howe. Secretary of 
State for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs, said in a state- 
ment to the Commons that the 
South African government had 
made dear that it intended to 
receive him but had proposed 
different dates which were now 
under consideration. 

He was replying to Mr Dents . 
Healey, chief Opposition 
spokesman on foreign and 
Commonwealth affairs, who 
asked whether it remained his 
intention to visit South Africa 
and . if so. what were His plans. 
Sir Geoffrey Howe said that he 
intended to make an early start 
on the mission entrusted to him 
at the recent European Council 
meeting in The Hague. 

I accordingly proposed last 
week to the Governments of 
Zambia. Zimbabwe and South 
Africa (he said) that I should 
visit them in the period July 9- 
M on the first stage of the 
mission. . . , 

The Zambian authorities had 
confirmed that a visit this week 
was convenient. The 
Zimbabwean authorities had 
given a similar indication but he 
was waiting for this to be 
confirmed 

1 shall therefore proceed with 
the visit to Lusaka and Harare 
(he said), leaving from Stras- 
bourg tomorrow evening and 
plan to visit South Africa later in 
the month. . 

Further visits to and within 
the region were not excluded. 
Mr Healey asked whether the 
refusal of black leaders to see Sir 
Geoffrey and the humiliating 
snub from President Botha did 
not confirm his initial doubts 
about the wisdom of the 
mission. 


The Prime Minister was not 
always right and the Foreign 
Office was not always wrong. 

Welcoming the visit to Zam- 
bia and Zimbabwe. Mr Healey 
said the Government had left a 
lot offences to mend There was 



(he asked) to go to the Security 
Council for mandatory sanc- 
tions if the mission foils ? 

Sir Geoffrey Howe discounted 
any suggesuon of there being a 
snub. He had been entrusted by 
the European Community with 
a mission of some importance 
and difficulty. He intended to 
pursue it with patience and 
determination and see. as for he 
could those he ought to set 
As far as the outcome of the 
mission was concerned, he was 
not able to say when it would 
come to a conclusion. 

Certain measures (he said) 
have been taken in the past 
against South Africa and certain 
other contingencies are being 
studied . , , 

He would certainly take the 
opportunity of meeting mem- 
bers of the ANC because it was . 
important to urge them, as well 
as everybody else, to turn away 
from violence and go down the 
path of dialogue. He would try 
his best to repair the fences Mr 
Healey had broken. 

Mr David Steel, Leader of the 
Liberal Party, said they wished 
Sir Geoffrey's series of missions 
all success and hoped he would 
be able to talk with all the people 
he wanted to see. 

His chances of doing that 
would be greater if be stressed 
that he was going as President of 

the Council of Ministers. As 
such, he would not be handi- 
capped by Mrs Thatcher’s pub- 
lic foot-dragging on sanctions. 

He should make it dear to the 
South African government that 
the question was not whether 
white minority rule ended but 
that it should be sooner and 
peacefully, rather than later and 
violently. . , . 

Sir Geoffrey Howe said that 
President Botha had said apart- 
heid was an outmoded system; 
that he looked forward to a 
situation which would not be 
dominated by any race. 

These were pointers in the 
right direction. They would help 
Sir Anthony Kershaw (Stroud, 
C), Chairman of the Select 
Committee on Foreign Affaire, 
said Sir Geoffrey would be going 
to South Africa not only with 
the support of the British Gov- 
ernment but of the 1 1 other EEC 
Governments which were al- 
most the most important Gov- 
ernments of the world on this 
matter. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe said it was 
important that it should be 
understood that he was going as 
foreign minister and current 
President of the Council of 
Ministers. 

Mr Thomas Clarke (Monklands 


tee of Conservative back- 
benchers, accused Mr Healey of 
having as his principal objective 
the aim of trying to sabotage Sir 
Geoffrey's mission. 

Every responsible MP wished 
not to jeopardize the mission. 

MPs should not press Sir 
Geoffrey too hard on this sub- 
ject. These exchanges need not 
be indefinitely prolonged. (La- 


Sir Geoffrey Howe said he 
acknowledged as far as be could 
what Mr Onslow had said. 

He hoped the wisdom that 
came from Mr Onslow's im- 
portant position would penc- 







■iV. •• 

w - *'•’1/ 


Kershaw: Support of all 
members of the Community 


trate to Mr Healey’s 
constituency. „ 

Mr David Wiimick (Walsall 
North. Lab) said the subject had 
become a force. . 

Sir Geoffrey had been right in 
the first place to have many 
reservations about his trip. 

When was the Foreign Sec- 


retary going to persuade the 
Prime Minister that there was 


Prime Minister that there was 
no effective alternative to 
sanctions? 

His trip could be no substitute 
for such action. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe wished the 
problem could be resolved as 
easily as Mr Winnick implied. 
Mr Hugh Dykes (Harrow 
East, C) said Sr Goeffrey’s trip 
was bound to get the good will 
and support of ail people of good 
will and good sense. 

He referred to the outburst 
against sanctions at the weekend 


by the South African Foreign 
Minister (Mr “Pik" Botha) 
which seemed to be a change of 
emphasis, saying: “Come and 

f n us, we do not care." 

ir Geoffrey Howe did not 
believe it was helpful to com- 
ment on everything that was 
reported in newspapers and 
elsewhere, even if in these 
circumstances it was tempting 
to do so. _ . , 

Mr Norman Buchan (Pawley 
South, Lab) urged Sir Geoffrey 
to remember that his visit would 
be very much against a back- 
ground of sanctions being 
wanted. 

The United Kingdom s Euro- 
pean partners favoured them 
immediately, whereas the Brit- 
ish Prime Minister and Foreign 
Secretary had wanted them 
postponed — if at alL _ 

The bulk of Community for- 
eign ministers favoured sanc- 
tions because these were 
necessary to make the white 
regime realize that they must 
come to terms — on the bans of 
agreement — with one man one 
vote. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe said he 
would bear in mind all the views 
of all the other members of the 
European Council. 


West, Lab) said that when Sir 
Geoffrey finally went to South 
Africa he would have to realize 
that the release of Nelson 
Mandela — long overdue though 
it was and universally welcomed 
though it would be — would not 
be enough in itself. 

Mandela himself, in an inter- 
view a British newspaper last 

S r, had said that his own 
idem and that of his fellow 
citizens were indivisible. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe referred to 
the European CounciTs asser- 
tion that the dialogue for which 
everyone was looking could not 
take place so long as recognized 
black leaders were detained and 
their organizations proscribed. 

Most people recognized that 
the release of Nelson Mandela 
was the most important key. 

Mr Cranley Onslow (Woldng,C) 
Chairman of the 1922 Commil- 


Healey: Humiliating snub 
from President Botha 


a real risk of the Common- 


expressed. 

Mr Healey also asked if Sir 
Geoffrey shared the view ex- 
pressed by President Mitxerand 
that the' Government _ was 
committed to sanctions if the 
mission failed and did not 
secure the unconditional release 
of Nelson Mandela and the 
untanning of the African Na- 
tional Congress. 

Is the Government prepared 


lUIVIIIUUil^i . 

be very much against a back- 


sanctions 


The heads of Government of 
a number of other countries 
took the same view as the 

United Kingdom. , 

Those who had considered 
carefully were impressed by the 
need for a patient and cautious 
approach. 

Sir John Biggs-Dimson (Ep- 
ping Forest, O said the sort of 
sanctions being called for 
against South Africa would have 
a catastrophic effect upon some 
of those other countries that Sir 
Geoffrey was about to visit with 
MPs’ good will. 

To think that sanctions would 
bring any desirable effect 
showed a misunderstanding of 
the South African government 
and of and Afrikaaners 
generally. 

It was important to encourage 
as well as to warn. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe said there 
was real force in what Sir John 
had said. 

Mr John Evans (St Helens 
North, Lab): If he has not been 
snubbed and humiliated by the 
South African government, can 
he tell the House the date of his 
rearranged visit to South Africa 
and if it will take place before 
the Commonwealth summit? 

If he does not see President 
Botha and the foreign secretary, 
he must see Nelson Mandela. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: I shall tell 
the House the date or dates of 
my fiiiure visit when they are 
clear. They are still subjert to 
discussion. Those I hope to see 
include all those he has 
mentioned. _ 

Sir David Price (Eastleigh. C): 
Will he explain to those who 
criticize this mission that this 
country started this century with 
nearly 500,000 men at arms 
against the Afrikaans and ! 
22,000 perished as a result. Our 
opposition to the Boers has been 
impeccable. (Laughter) 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: I am always 
grateful for the depth and 
breadth of his historical analysis 
but 1 shall try to concern myself 
with more recent events. 

Mr Laurence Paritt (Brent 
South. Lab): The same things 
were said m 1963. The longer 
the unresolved policy of apart- 
heid is continued in South 
Africa the harder has become 
the task of its removal In 
making that kind of assessment 
one should take account of the 
steps that have been taken in the 
last year or two. It has become 
fashionable to discount them 
but they should not be dis- 
counted. 

Mr Frank Field: Is the Foreign 
Secretary’s position strength- 
ened or weakened if it is dear 
that the European Community 
will take further action should 
his mission foil? 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: The po- 
sition has been made dear in the 
communique that further mea- 
sures are now the subject of 
contingency plans. 

•Lady Young. Minister of State 
for Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs, after repeating the state- 
ment on South Africa in the 
House of Lords, said: The 
mission is an effort to establish 
conditions in which a dialogue 
can begin and the Foreign 
Secretary hopes to build on the 
progress that has been made by 
the Eminem Persons’ Group. 

He hopes to persuade the key 
parties to make concrete 
progress towards the European 
and Commonwealth objective 
of a dialogue and suspension of 
violence. 


.MANUFACTURING 


Labour MPs urge coal import ban 

_ . . . . . • ■ ^ a f — — a f *h« 1 a 


The six main objectives of the 
industrial policy of the Depart- 
ment of Trade and Industry 
were outlined to the Commons 
bv Mr John Butcher. Under 
Secretary of State in the Depart- 
menL during a debate an the 
future of manufacturing 
industry. 

The first objective, he said, 
was to support and disseminate 
the best practices in gening 
world beating products to the 
market. 

Thesecondly was to enhance 
the competitive environment 
and where competition was 
imparted or did not exist, to 
introduce safeguards required to 
protect properly the consumer 
and to encourage efficiency. 

The next objective was to 
tackle the regional legacy arising 
from the mish- match econony. 
that unhappy legacy of wasted 
human resources, resulting from 
the policies of the 1960s and 
1 970s. 

Fourthly, the department 
sought to achieve a maximum 
economic impact from the 
United Kingdom's aggregate re- 
search and development spend 
in the light of rapidly changing 
markets. The department in- 
tended adding a second D to 
research and development 
namely design. 

The next objective was to 
change in order to improve the 
supply and quality of people 
available to industry and com- 
merce in a world of increasingly 
international markets. 

The final objective, he said, 
was to secure a broader im- 
plementation of the public 
purchasing initiatiwe. 

Mr Kenneth Carlisle (Lincoln. 
CL opening the debate, said 
some people argued that the 
British could earn their wealth 
in other ways. They gave the 
impression that the decline in 
manufacturing was inevitable 
and even tolerable and that 
services, for example, could plug 
the gap. They were sadly and 
badly wrong. 

Although Britain needed a 
balanced economy, manufac- 
turing was the engine of its 
prosperity and generated that 
essential spark which gave vital- 
ity to the rest of the economy. 

For manufacturing to nourish 
it was necessary to have a stable 
and healthy economy. Labour's 
extravagant plans fora spending 
binge offered no comfort. 

In Gennany the engineer was 
revered: here he had no particu- 
lar status. His pay was too low 
and that of the banker, whose 
very existence depended on 
him. was too high. 

Much depended on the qual- 
ity of education and the rele- 
vance of training. The UK faced 
a famine of people with the right 
skills. Its industries spent some 
0.15 per Cent of their sales 
turnover on adult training. 
Overseas the figure was often 
between 2 and 3 per cent. 

We have (he said) to ensure 
an adequate supply of maths 
and physics teachers. Schools 
must have strong and working 
links with local industry. In 
higher education we have to 
reinforce the recent trend to give 
hitter support to science and 
engineering. 

Industry must also shoulder 
its share of responsibility for 
training. There should be insis- 
tence that in their annual re- 
pons companies explained what 
they were doing about training. 

Management must . become 
more receptive, creative and 
professional. Human . relations 
in industry must become human 


□r there would be no relations 
and no industry. 

Mr Roy Jenkins (Glasgow. 
Hillhcad. SDP) said they al- 
ready had the largest service 
sector of any large developed 
economy in the world with the 
exception of the United States, 
but they were very far from 
being 'the second richest 
economy. 


money policy following a La 

bour Government which naa 
followed a very . uncertain 
money policy until it . was 
stopped by the International 
Monetary Fund. 

People were saying that tnc 
Government then should nave 
perpetrated an even bigger cheat 


seek purge 
of Civil 
Service 


MILITANT 


,..« B .......... on the saver by having a rate ot 

onomy. interest even further below ine 

, . rate of inflation. , _ 

It was important to remember industrial production last 
m cmziivs sk a whole were i i > kMn nvViverine 


that services as a whole were 
very difficult to export. Some of 
them were almost literally 
uncxportable and could only 
perform on the spot. Even where 
they could be exported they 
were mostly operating in much 
more protective markets than 
were goods. He hoped progress 
could be made in changing this. 


year had been recovering 
dramatically from the low point 
of 1 98 1 . Industrial production 
was growing substantially and 
would do so next year to tnc 
dismay of the Conservatives 
opponents. 

I am not saying that we have 
anything to be compl acent 
about (he said) but to suggest 


No one was precluded from 
employment in theGWl Service 
because of membership- of a, 
particular organization. Mr 
Richard Lace, Minister for the 


Civil Service, said during Corfi- 
mons questions when Corner- r 
vative MPs urged th*L Militant- „ 
supporters be purged from the 
Civil Service and miicued the ,, 
recent election of Mr John . 
Macreadie as general secretory 
of the Civil and Public Services 
Association. . 

However, Mr Luce added, no « 
one might be employed on work *.■ 
vital to the security of the state 7.*?; 
who was or had recently been a 
member ofa Communist or r 
Fascist organization dr was a * 
member of a subversive group - 
which aimed to overthrow par- 
liamentary democracy by poutr*; y* 
cal. industrial or violent meaUs^L 
Mr Peter Bnrinvets (Leicester 
East, CL Will he list the soups;* 
regarded as subversive for the 4 
purpose of prohibition on . , 
employment , on work vital to 
the security of the stale? 

Mr Lace: No. 

Mr Bruin vets: Will he exclude Vi 
members of the Militant' ten-'.- 
dency and supporters of dial 
organization, who .1 believe are 
subversive. Tbe election oFMr ^ 
John Macreadie is a danger to ... 
the security of this nation: The “ 
organization seeks to under- - . 
tnine our own valid Parliament. r -> 
Something should be done ur- 


could be made in cnanging mis. ab ^ ut (he said) but to suggest 
■ T 1 ” steady cjoring down °f JlfEX: ouita' ai? 


industry was difficult to reverse. 
It was instructive, and a new 
thing, to look at the 1930s 
precedent. Unemployment at 
ihc beginning of that decade was 
at .about the present level, 
somewhat worse in reality for a 
short time, in relation to the size 
of the economy then. The 
unemployed man in 1931 suf- 



Cariisle: Companies should 
report on their t ra in in g 

feted far greater absolute pov- 
erty than he did today but his 
prospects of getting a job had 
rapidly become considerably 
greater than they were in the 
decade of the 1980s. 

The capacity of basic industry 
was not then permanently 
destroyed. . ‘ 

I have come increasingly to 
the view (he said) that this 
Government stands tack too 
much from industry. It does so 
more than docs any. other 
Government in the European 
Community, and more than the 
United States Government — 
more than the United States 
Government because of the vast 
United States defence involve- 
ment and certainly more, than 
the Japanese Government 

He was resolutely opposed to 
protectionism which dimin- 
ished the employment and 
wealth-creating capacity of the 
world as a whole, but he also 
believed that the totally arms 
length approach to relations 
between government and in- 
dustry was something which no 
other comparable Government 
contemplated to the extent Brit- 
ain did. 

Mr Cecil Parkinson (Hem mere, 
CL former Secretary of State for 
Trade and Industry, said that 
manufocturing would remain 
vitally important. What was 
sometimes put forward as a 
choice between Britain being a 
manufacturing or a service 
country was spurious. They 
needed to succeed in both. 

During the period 1980-81 the 
Government had never charged 
a rate of exchange or of interest 
which matched the rate of 
inflation. They had never had a 
real rate of interest paid to 
savers. The Government then 
had been elected on a sound 


nun vui ii ww j 

decline is not borne out by any 
test any fair-minded person 
would apply- Production has 
bounced back substanually 

from an all-time low. .- 

U was wrong to talk .as n 
British industry .was still 
decline: British industry was 
starting to recover. He would 
not join the argument for re- 
flation because it wsa 
lion from the fundamental 
problem of how did Britain 
compete for the business that 

^continue (he said) to talk 
down our prospects as a manu- 
facturing country. if we continue 
to talk about our decline and 1 
talk as if it was terminal we ! 
must not be surprised if people 
start to believe us and we 
actually produce the result that 
we do not want. This country 
has bright prospects to add tons 
glittering past but we are going 
to need as a country and 
especially within industry 10 
produce that cohesion, that 
cooperative attitude which is 
the source of the success of our 


major rivals. .. . 

The question for Bn tain was 
how to compete and one of the 
answers was to work better 
together. 

Mr Donald Dixon (J arrow Lab) 
said a sensible regional policy 
was wanted from the Govern- 
ment to put work where the 
people were. _ . . . 

Mr David Knox (Staffordshire. 
Moorlands C) said that 
successive governments’ poli- 
cies over tbe past 12 years bad 
appeared to discriminate against 
expansion of the most modern 
and efficient sectors of manufac- 
turing industry. ' 

Sterling was absurdly high 
against other currentiesjo that 
manufactured .goods became 
uncompetitive at home and 
abroad, thereby encouraging im- 
ports and discouraging exports- 

Frequent, and sometimes vi- 
olent, exchange rate changes 
made things hard for 
manufacturers. 

The United Kingdom ought 
to join the European Monetary 
System. That would bring ex- 
change rate stability to about 60 
per cent of this country’s trade. 
Mr George Park (Coventry 
North East. Lab) said Britain 
had two nations— those in work 
and those out of work. The latter 
group, and the country, should 
be given hope with a thriving 
manufocturing industry. 

Mr John Botcher said that those 
who blamed this Government 
for the three-and-a-quarrer-mil- 
lion unemployed were either 
misguided, to dut it mildly, or 
mischievous if they were being 


deliberate. 

It was a reversal of the United 
Kingdom's share of trade and 
goods that lay at the heart of the 
Government's job creation pro- 
gramme That programme was 
paramount 


MINING 


Several Labour MPs urged that 
the Government should end the 
import of coal from South 
Africa to Britain, especially as it 
would benefit the jobs of British 
miners. Mr Stanley Orme. 
Opposition spokesman on en- 
ergy. said the South African 
National Union of Mineworkers 
supported such a ban. 

Mr Peter Walker, Secretary of 
State for Energy, said that coal 
imports from South Africa had 
gone on under Labour Govern- 
ments when the South African 
regime had been just as intol- 
erant to black people as it was 
now. 


He added that Mr Scargill, 
leader of the NUM. was damag- 
ing the market for coal with his 
intemperate remarks. 

Mr Geoffrey Lofthouse 


(Pontefract and Castleford L) 
asked if it would not be a good 
response, now that the Foreign 
Secretary (Sir Geoffrey Howe) 
was not going to South Africa, to 
ban all imports of coal from 

The continuing import of coal 
was a kick in the teeth for the 
mining community and the 
miners themselves. 

Mr Walker said the Eurpean 
leaders had agreed upon an 
approach which, after three 
months, would include action 
on a number of materials 
including coal. 

Mr John Evans (St Helens 
North) asked why, as there were 
massive coal reserves and four 
million unemployed. there was a 
need to import coal from any- 
where, particularly from Po- 
land, where there was no free 
trade union movement, and 
South Africa, where there was 
no freedom. 

Mr Peter Walker said far more 


coal was imported from South 
Africa than from Poland Im- 
ports from South Africa had 
continued under the last Labour 
Government. 

Mr Roy Mason (Barnsley Cen- 
tral Lab) said that for every one 


S eriod 01 me woour 
ipvemment he was in, the 
South African regime was just as 
intolerant of the position of 
blacks and imports of coal from 
South Africa took place 
In later exchanges, about 


Minister’s commitment on free 
borrowing of books 


uai Mu/; wu miui iv r 

million tonnes of coal imported improved productivity in the 
into this country, one thousand British cool industry, Mr Ed- 


jobs were lost in the British coal ward Leigh (Gainsborough and 
industry and supporting Homcastie. C) said it would be 


LIBRARIES 


industries. 


absolute madness for Arthur 


Mr Walker said the reason for Scargill — who had shown 
the enormous rise in imports himself to be a madman — 10 


UK CUUl Uiwuo iw*- iiiiiiowu w w 

was the disastrous strike, laid at attempt to foment further Indus- 


the feet of Arthur Scargill. trial action, callously and poim- 

Mr Orme: Last week I met the lessly putting the brighter future 
president and General Secretary of the coal industry at risk. 


of the South African National Mr Peter Walker, Secretary of 
Union of Mineworkers. They State for Energy, said be was not 
first i m p ressed on me the worried just about Mr ScaigiU's 
imprisonment and internment actions, but about his words as 
of trade unionists, including well. 

members of that union and Every time Mr Scargill made 
secondly that they wanted to see an intemperate speech a number 
the import of South African coal of industrialists decided they 


to Britain stopped. 

Mr Walker: For the whole 


could not take the risk of 
switching to coal. 


The great tradition of a free 
leading service by libraries in 
Britain was to be con tinned, Mr 
Richard Luce. Minister for tbe 
Arts, said during question time. 
He added that there was scope 
for libraries to ruse revenue in 
other ways, and he would 
encourage them to do that. 

Mr Christopher Murphy (Wel- 
wyn Hatfield C): Will you not 
agree that an opportunity might 
be given to libraries to charge for 
fiction loans so that extra re- 
sources can be used within the 
library service, in the same way 
that they charge for records 


already? (Labour protests) 

Mr Luce: I note that It is a 
legitimate point. Other coun- 
tries including New Zealand, 
make a distinction, but it is 
difficult to draw a distinction on 
educational grounds. It is best to 
maintain the tradition of a free 
lending service, bat there are a 
number of areas in which it is 
possible to charge. 

Mr Clement Freud (North East 
Cambridgeshire, L): I welcome 
that and will he steadily remem- 
ber tbe importance of free access 
to books to study, whether 
fiction or non-fiction. 

Mr Luce: I am grateful, bet J 
have already made plain that I 
intend to maintain that service.- 
However. I reinforce the view 


Changing face of television: 2 


M5 driver 


Cable promise slow to dawn 


In the wake of the Peacock 
Report on the financing of 
the BBC. Bill Johnstone, 
Technology Correspon- 
dent, examines innova- 
tions which television will 
soon be able to exploit. In 
the second and final arti- 
cle he looks at the cable 
revolution. 

European cable television 
networks are poised for rapid 
expansion. They are destined 
to play a big part in the newest 
phase of television history as 
the primary means of carrying 
dozens of channels to Europe- 
an homes, dramatically chang- 
ing the nature of home 
entertainment in the next 
decade. 

Homes, schools, hotels and 
colleges will be able to receive 
30 channels or more on multi- 
channel networks for the same 
monthly price as hiring a 
video recorder. At least those 
are the promises. 

Britain, once enthusiastic 
about the technology, has 
been slow to embrace iL The 
twentieth UK cable franchise 
has been awarded by the Cable 
Authority for multichannel 
networks but only seven are in 


operation. Now the supporters 
of cable are pushing for a 


revival, trying to attract gov- 
ernment support. 

The prospects for the indus- 
try were never brighter than 
four years ago when the 
Government, riding on the 
wave of high technology eu- 
phoria. promised approval for 
a quick expansion. Until then, 
cable had only been used to 
carry pictures to homes where 
reception was poor. 

But the abolition of capital 
allowances in a Budget created 
havoc. The British cable TV 
companies were forced to 
rethink the economics of their 
businesses and some aborted 
or postponed their plans. 

Under the new cable TV 
blueprint, 30 channels will be 
commonplace in each of the 
networks. Twenty will be an 
extension of existing program- 
ming while the remainder will 
comprise special ’’interactive” 
services, like armchair shop- 
ping. Cheap local telephone 
calls and data services are also 
to be featured. 

Undoubtedly cable will play 
a significant role in changing 
the British and European tele- 
vision industry. The cable 
networks will be the principal 
method of distributing satel- 
lite TV programmes. 

The first 24-hour, all Brit- 


ish, TV satellite channel — 
Superchannel — is due for 
launch in the autumn with 
programming provided by 
most of the I TV companies 
and the BBC. 


was going 
wrong way 

By a Staff Reporter 




But a big push is required to 
keep Britain in line with 
Europe. France. Gennany and 
the Benelux countries are 
extremely active. A recent 
report by the London-based 
consultants CIT (Communi- 
cations & Information Tech- 
nology) Research highlighted 
the gap. 


Mr Patrick Whitten, CIT 
managing director, said: “If it 
weren’t for the UK figures. 
Europe would have seen 
record cable growth last year.” 

Last year the number of 
homes linked by cable in 
western Europe grew by 4 per 
cent to a total of 1 1 million. 


Arthur Frampton, a motor- 
ist for 60 years, who drove the 
wrong way along a motorway's 
fast lane missing oncoming 
cars by inches, was advised by 
magistrates at Wonford, Exe- 
ter, yesterday to s tick to 
quieter roads in future. 

Frampton, age d78, at first 
found himself driving the 
wrong way along a dual car- 
riageway, tbe court was told . 
As a poticeman tried to attract 
Ids attention, Frampton, who 
is hard of hearing, drove on to 
the MS, still going against the 
flow of traffic and with the 
officer chasing him along the 
lord shoulder. 


$ 8 ® 


mm 






v.OS 




O f ■ V.sj 

■V.-* * ?A 




tsffiss'saai 


The cable business, CIT esti- 
mates. could be worth 
£645 million by the next de- 
cade. But unless the UK finds 
a satisfactory formula to en- 
courage its expansion it could 
take little pari in the newest 
phase of TV and home 
entertainment. 

Concluded 


Frampton, of Lower | 
Holdhch, Axminster, Devon, 
eventually Grand a break In the 

barriers after stopping at some 
traffic cones. But fas U4ui» 
went badly wrong and he 
ended op still going fa the 
wrong direction before 
stopping. 

Frampton admitted driving 
without doe care and attention 
and was fined £25 with £25 
costs. His licence was 
endorsed. 1 


Pula Lenska and Dennis Waterman, star of the television “Minder” series, with June, it 
black rhinoceros, at the launch of a rhino “minder” campaign at London Zoo yesterday to 
help preserve the threatened species (Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 


Universities ‘must pay for refuse’ 


Local authorities sue folly 
entitled to chaise universities 
for removing refuse from their 
halls of residence, a High 
Court judge ruled yesterday. 

Mr Justice Macphereon 
held that refuse from halls of 
residence is not “house 
refuse” within the meaning of 
the Public Health Act. 1936 


and. therefore, does not quali- 
fy for free collection. 

He dismissed an appeal by 
Mr Frank Mauisoru Registrar 
of Hull University, against a 
decision by South Hunsley 
Beacon Magistrates at Brough. 
Nonh Humberside, that Bev- 
erley Borough Council was 
entitled to charge for collect- 



' gently to purge Militant front ;, 
the Civil Service. ' .- j ' i- 

Mr Luce 1 understand vriial he i . 
says but the general secretaries 
of this union are union officials 
and not civil servanis and 
therefore they do not have more 

access to the Cfvil Service than . 
an ordinary visitor and ordinary 
security precautions prrvaiL . 

Sir Anthony Grant (South west 
Cambridgeshire, Ck .The wopry- 
ing aspect is that there wiil.be.an & 
increased tendency of both par-, ; 
ties when they come into gov- « 
eminent to bring, their own .• 
political nominees and we .shall -* 
lose the benefit we have had far : 
many years of an impartial r, 
service: • ’ [] 

Mr Lock I endorse what he rays : 
about tbe importance- of. ah. 
impartial Civil Service. . ■ * 

Dr Oonagh McDonald, fertile- 
Opposition: The Government- 1 *’ 
has worsened relationships .be-** 
tween the Civil Service and tite * f 
trade unions by its bun on trade . 
union membership at GCHQ. 

Will he confirm or. deny 
today's press reports that the*' 
director of GCHQ, Sir. Peter- , 
Maiychurch, has been asked tor 
stay on until June 1988, one”’ 
year after lfe was due to retire? 
The Government is. perhaps r? 
hoping thereby to ensure that* 
the management of GCHQ will- 
be able to persuade an incomings 
government to. mainta i n the 
trade union ban. 

The Labour Party, when it 
takes office after the irext gw- 
eral election, will do nothing 
whatsoever of the kind. We shall 
reverse the Government’s^ de- 
cision and allow trade nmon . 
membership to continue at 
GCHQ. V ’ 

Mr Luce: It is totally wrong to - 
take the view that the Govern- 
ment has not taken account- of- 


111 VI 111 1KW uw T - . - >i- 

conditions of the Gvil Servica 


The latest pay settlement is an ’ 
indication we are taking; fully., 
into account movement in the-: 
public sector outside the Gvif- .. 
Service. ' . 


Success of 


energy year 


that there is scope for libraries 
to raise revenue in other ways 
and will encourage them to do 
that. 


Mr Norman Buchan, Oppo- 
sition spokesman on fee arts: He 
has token some of the savour 
from his response. We want a 
firm response that in no situa- 
tion are we going DO permit the 


Energy Efficiency Year, for,fr6io ' 
being the flattest of flat pancakes' 
for industry and commerce aif 
Mr Tony Speller (North Devon** 
O suggested during Common^ 
question time, had already pro- 
duced considerable financial- 
savings, Mr David Hunt Uodej?, 
Secretary of State for Energy 
told the House. : • I 


loan of books from libraries to be 
charged. They are trying to do it 
in museums and in other aspects 
of libraries and we want a dear 
undertaking. 


For commerce and industry, 
(he said) the larger and potential- 
are so enormous that any assess-' . 
ment of progress so for seems of 
necessity to be something of an 
anti-climax. 


Mr Luce: It would be good if he 
listened to my answer. There is 
no intention to charge borrowers 
for existing free services. 


But we have been able to. 
identify already that industry 
and commerce have been able to 
make savings as a result of my 
department’s pro gram me, - of 
£500 million. 


£206,000 
for widow 


of sailor 


A woman whose sailor bus* 1 
band was lost at sea nitre'. 


months after they were mar-- 
tied won £206,504 damages in; 
the Hi^h Court yesterday.; 

Jennifer Wittaxnore, aged; 
22, of St Austell, Cornwall; 
bad joined her husband AianT 
aged 24, a second 1 officer; on 
board the oil carrier Pan-- 
america, in September 1983; * 

Bui. he was blown over- 
board by an_ explosion in tbit 
Gulf of Mexico while fighting 
a fire, Mr Justice Mann saidL 
• Rodney Mayien, aged 23, of 


Coppice Road, Kingsdere. 
Hampshire, who was left para? 
lysed from the chest down 
after a road . accident, . .wd£ 
awarded £306,674 damages iff 
the High Court yesterday. 

His motor cycle collide^; 




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with a car at Newbury, B^k- 
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mg refuse -from the 
university's ten halls of 
residence. 

Mr Jarlath Finney, counsel 
for the university, had told the 
court: “The cost of removing 
the refuse would be something 
in the order of £20,000 a 
year.” 

Law report; page 28 


88 arrests 

A weekend rgfiy -at' 
Porthcawl, South Wales,' bf 
about 5.000 riders, organize# 
by the - Lambretta Swotec 
pub of Great. Brilaini result^ - 
in 83 arrests for dnihkfeniiessc : 
then, assault and-public order. ’ 

offences.' . ' ' v.i* - • • • - 


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THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 8 1 986 


[EWS 


General Synod: debate on South Africa 

Overwhelming vote for 
effective economic 
sanctions by Britain 


Runcie 
support 
for more 


A motion calling for effec- 
tive economic sanctions 

against South Africa was ear- 
ned by an overwhelming vote 
yesterday at the General Syn- 
od of the Church of England 
meeting at York. 

The Church’s objective of a 
simple, clear message was 
achieved easily, to much ac- 
claim. 

The Archbishop of Canter- 
bury. Dr Robert Runcie, indi- 
cated immediately that he 
would convey its terms and 
message to Bishop Desmond 
Tutu, the Bishop of 
Johannesburg. 

Bishop Tutu had sent mes- 
sages to the Archbishop and to 
the Bishop of Coventry, the Rt 
Rev Simon Barrington-Ward, 
who moved the motion and 
was chairman of the group 
that compiled the Church 
report Prisoners of Hope , 
which concluded that South 
Africa was moving daily into 
further repression. 

The Synod swept out all 
amendments in the interests 
of attempting unanimity, and 
carried the motion by 394 
votes to 21, with 12 absten- 
tions. 

The motion read: “That this 
Synod, in the light of the 


By Alan Wood 

resolutions of July 1982 and of 
the serious deterioration in 
the South African situation 
since that time; 

(A) is convinced of the 
urgent need to establish as 
peacefully as possible 'a new 
South Africa’ which will be 
‘non- racial, democratic, par- 
ticipatory and just' (Bishop 
Desmond Tutu); 

(B) calls upon the Church by 
prayer and action to offer 
support to all who are at- 
tempting to bring this about; 

(C) urges HM Government, 
in the light of the failure of the 
mission of the Eminent 
Persons' Group to deploy 
effective, economic sanctions 
against South Africa; and 

(D) requests banking and 
financial institutions, trans- 
national corporations, and all 
bodies with significant links in 
South Africa, to take whatever 
steps are in their power, 
including acts of disengage- 
ment. to increase the pressure 
on that economy, and urges 
the Church's financial bodies 
to give a clear lead in this 
direction." 

Amendments welcoming 
the proposed visit to South 
Africa of Sir Geoffrey Howe, 
the Foreign Secretary and 


President of the EEC Council 
of Foreign Ministers, were 
defeated or withdrawn be- 
cause of strong doubts that he 
would be able to see anyone 
there. 

Dr Runcie, during the de- 
bate, supported carefully tar- 
geted sanctions, and said that 
if Sir Geoffrey's mission 
failed. Britain should not fal- 
ter further in mustering what 
he described as massive inter- 
national support for imple- 
menting sanctions. 

Opposition to sanctions was 
muted. The Bishop of Bir- 
mingham, the Rt Rev Hugh 
Moniefiore, spoke of the limi- 
tations of such measures, and 
said that what made the Botha 
Government listen would be if 
the Rand crashed further than 
it had. 

There were criticisms of 
Church of England invest- 
ment that might help to prop 
up apartheid. Sir Douglas 
Lovelock, First Church Estate 
Commissioner and Chairman 
of the Church’s Central Board 
of Finance, said that only 
0.3 per cent of the total in- 
come of the commissioners 
came indirectly from South 
Africa. 


The Archbishop of Canterbury and (right) the Bishop of Coventey during the debate yesterday (Photographs: John Voos). 

Hope of progress fading, Bishop says 


Opening the debate on 
South Africa, the Bishop of 
Coventry, the Rt Rev Simon 
Barrington-Ward, said that 
Mr Nelson Mandela could 
still unite people across the 
length and breadth of Sc nth 
Africa bnt the chance for 
progress was fading day by 
day, the longer be was left In 
jail. 

He said that be had spoken 
that morning to Bishop Des- 
mond Tutu, who told him: 


“We are moving daily further 
Into repression." 

The Rev Clarry Hendrickse, 
of Liverpool, who said that he 
was a South African by birth 
and classified (here as a Cape 
Coloured, believed that sanc- 
tions could break through the 
close system of secrecy and 
misinformation and be effec- 
tive in persuading the South 
. African Government -to ac- 
knowledge black leaders. 

Britain was duty bound to 


give a strong moral lead, he 
said. He believed South Africa 
did not take seriously Britain's 
claim that it abhorred apart- 
heid. 

The Rev Graham Cray, of 
Clifton, York, said that those 
suffering most wanted sanc- 
tions. The argument that sanc- 
tions wonld hurt blacks most 
was white liberal argument 
that failed to grasp the depth 
of black rage. 

Sir William van 


Stranbenzee, Conservative 
MP for Wokingham, who is 
Second Church Estates Com- 
missioner, said it had to be 
remembered that apartheid 
was being carried on by devont 
Christians, and be had an 
uneasy feeling that when his- 
tory came to be written “our 
withdrawal from dialogue with 
the Dutch Reformed Church 
in much earlier days, may not 
be accounted to us in great 
credit" 


The Archbishop of Canter- 
bun’, Dr Robert Runcie. said 
during the South Africa debate 
that the Church of the Prov- 
ince of South Africa had yet 
formally to speak about sanc- 
tions. as the Roman Catholic 
Episcopal Conference had 
done. It might do so in 
November. 

There were certainly mis- 
givings in both churches about 
taking such a line, and some 
outright opposition to it. but 
he believed that the mind of 
the Church in South Africa 
was such as to justify the terms 
of the motion before them. 

Each new wave of arrests, 
each new refusal to talk with 
Nelson Mandela diminished 
the influence of moderate 
.African leaders. 

In these circumstances, he 
supported the conclusion of 
the Eminent Persons* Group 
that the countries of the 
Commonwealth could now 
consider further actions 
against South Africa. He be- 
lieved that sharp economic 
measures or sanctions offered 
the only hope there was. 
however slender, of doing 
what they could in this coun- 
try to slop the blood shed . 

He still hoped that Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
Secretary, with all the author- 
ity of the European Commu- 
nity behind him. might 
succeed where the Eminent 
Persons* Group had so far 
failed. 


Strasbourg to rule 
on £600 m award 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 


A final ruling in the case 
brought by seven groups of 
shipbuilding and aerospace 
companies for £600 million 
compensation from the Gov- 
ernment will be made today 
by the European Court of 
Human Rights at Strasbourg. 

The case, which stems from 
the nationalization of the 
companies under the last La- 
bour Government, has proved 
the -most politically embar- 
rassing lor the Government. 

The Government attacked 
the compensation terms as- 
sessed by Labour as “grossly 
unfair" when in Opposition 
but since then has defended 
the sum paid before the 
European Commission of Hu- 
man Rights where t&.clpims 
were first argued. 

If the 19 judges of the 
European Court are true to 


precedent, they are likely to 
follow the ruling of the Euro- 
pean Commission, which has 
upheld already the 
Government's view that the 
compensation was not unfair. 

The ruling marks the end of 
a nine-year battle by compa- 
nies, including GEC and 
Vickers, which maintain that 
the £1 25 million they received 
from the Government on 
being nationalized was so 
inadequate and discrimina- 
tory that it violated the Euro- 
pean Convention on Human 
Rights. 

The Government has resist- 
ed claims for improved com- 
pensation brought by the 
shareholders of the shipbuild- 
ing and aircraft industries and 
claimed that the compensa- 
tion is outside the scope of the 
convention. 


Dissident 

petition 

rejected 

An attempt by a delegation 
from The 3ys Women’s Cam- 
paign for Soviet Jewry to hand 
in a petition, urging clemency 
for Mr Alexey Magarik, aged 
28. a Soviet dissident, failed at 
the Soviet Embassy in London 
yesterday. 

The party, which included 
Mr Magarik’s father. Vladi- 
mir. Mr Tom Stoppard, the 
playwright, and Mrs Margaret 
RigaL co-chairman of the 
campaign, were turned away 
at the gate and the petition of 
thousands of signatures was 
not accepted. 

• Mr Magarik. who is mar- 
ried. with a son aged eight 
months, was tried on charges 
of possession of drugs in 
TbJisi, Georgia, in March inis 
year and sentenced to three 
years in a labour camp. Mr 
Vladimir maintains that the 
drugs were planted on his son. 

Mr Magarik. aged 53. said: 
“1 do not know if the appeal 
will work for there were many 
strange things about my son s 
Vial and imprisonment. 

• Mr Magarik left the Soviet 
Union in 1982 and now lives 
in Israel 


Court bans 
limits for 
homeless 

A High Court judge yester- 
day banned housing authori- 
ties from offering accom- 
modation for a limited period 
to homeless persons with a 
priority need. 

Mr Justice McCowan said 
those with “priority need.” 
and not intentionally home- 
less. should be free of such 
limits threatening their se- 
curity. . . . . 

He quashed a decision ot 
the London Borough of Cam- 
den to offer Mr Jeremy Wait 
accommodation for a few 
months only. 

Mr Wail became homeless 
with “priority need", under 
the provision of Section Four 
of the Housing (Homeless 
Persons) Act. 1977. when fire 
destroyed his flat at Chamber- 
lain House. Somerstown. 
Camden, in May last year. 

The council decided he was 
only entitled to accommoda- 
tion for a limited period 
because Chamberlain House 
was a “short life” property due 
for demolition in a few 
months, when Mr Wait would 
have had to make alternative 
arrangmenis anyway. 


mati. 

Trained street rioters 
report ‘not improper’ 

.. . ... ...... tm.moiietc have an ethic 


that journalists have an eiincaj. 
duty to protert the idenuty of 
sources of confidential informa- 
tion. The council can find no 
sufficient reason for cing 
the journalist in this case to 
disregard that duty. 

Inevitably, therefore, ev 


The Press Council today 

deprecates the sensationalism 

of a lead story on die front 
page of the Doily E*P re f*L 
reporting that some leaders ^ot 
the riot in Tottenham, north 

London, were trained in stree ■ .l^Sa^ould n^ny'be 
fighting in Moscow, but ays it rim**., n01 available. » 
is not satisfied that the report JgJ J 1 J ecaiin g u,e sensauon^ism 
was improper. c 0 f its treatment, the rnss 

Mrs Sandra Tolley, of Sul- Counci j is noi Mtisned tiwi 

ton Court SuttoiL SftCJm- pub Hcai«on of the report 

publiS ff repon wlhout 

factual evidence. „ •^u&h t he editor of the 

The Tenon, headlined Kill- Oxford Moil had been as*™ 
Kill* Kill*"- said djat drugs j l0 identify 4 JJJJJ 1 ® 11 

»ho murdered a policeman in undeI8ffl duate wounded by an 
The riot acted on orders of airBun pellet, it was wrthm bis 
crazed left-wing eXtnOT S disaelioa wbeiher to do 
Street-fighting experts trained ^ p^s Council 
in Moscow and Db5« The counol nyecteja and 


1W PIIV 

behind Britain s worst 

VI Mn Tolley compiamed^ 
the report was unsubstantial 
ed conjecture. 

Mr Siman Coupar, the man 
aging editor, said that Mr Don 

— knrrti' flffaifS edltOf, 


nlaim by the "Warden and 
Fellows of Wadham College, 
Oxford, that it was improper 
of the newspaper tosjve 
details of her name and 

dress sufficient to be identified 


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OVERSEAS NEWS 


Manila revolt starts to 
crumble after 24-hour 
ultimatum by Aquino 



From Keith Dalton!, Manila 


Military and political oppo- 
nents of President Aquino 
trying to form a breakaway 
government yesterday held 
initial talks to end a two-day 
occupation of a luxury Manila 
hotel. 

The occupation had threat- 
ened to split the military and 
damage the four-month-old 
Aquino Government. In the 
break-through discussions, be- 
gun hours after Mrs Aquino 
issued a 24-hour ultimatum 
for the siege to end. an 
agreement to resolve the crisis 
was reached. 

Opposition leaders and sup- 
porter of Mr Ferdinand Mar- 
cos. the deposed President, 
agreed to leave the five-star 
Manila Hotel early this 
morning. 

A former assemblyman. Mr 
Salvador Briitanico. said he 
and other members of the 
opposition met Mrs Aquino. 
General Rafoel Ileto. the Dep- 
uty Defence Minister, and Mr 
Tcodoro Locsin. the Informa- 
tion Minister, for 2'£ hours 
laic yesterday to discuss solu- 
tions lo the stalemate. 

Separate negotiations will 
continue today between mili- 
larj officials and rebel soldiers 
on an amnesty from arrest for 
their occupation of the 
country's top hotel. 

Hundreds of opposition and 
government supporters were 


Honolulu — Ex-president Fer- 
dinand Marcos said at his 
rented beachfront home here 
yesterday that he had nothing 
to do with the attempted revolt 
in Manila, and blamed the 
Government of President 
Aquino for the situation (Reu- 
ter reports). 

“All I am asking my coun- 
trymen to do right now is to 
prevent bloodshed." he said at 
an impromptu news 
conference. 


kept apart at the Army and 
Navy Club — where the talks 
look place — by several hun- 
dred troops backed by six 
armoured personnel carriers. 

The former Foreign Minis- 
ter. Mr Arturo Tolentino. set 
off the minor revolt on Sun- 
day when, with the support of 
several hundred heavily 
armed soldiers, he look an 
oath as acting President and 
established himself inside the 
hotel. Security was provided 
by the renegade troops, who 
used the building as the 
headquarters of their fiedgling 
government. 

"It was a propaganda gim- 
mick and a violation of law 
and it has failed." Mrs Aquino 
said at a press conference 
called to denounce this "act of 
disloyalty and defiance". 

“1 want to appeal to the 
people who have holed up in 


the hotel to end it and come 
out within 24 hours." Mrs 
Aquino, said. She added that 
no one had been hurt and that 
“an early and favourable re- 
sponse to this appeal will be 
taken greatly in their favour”. 

Military support for Mr 
Tolentino cracked just 12 
hours after he took his oath of 
office. 

While hundreds of pro- 
Marcos soldiers and civilians 
maintained an all-night vigil 
in the hotel lobby. 300 sol- 
diers. billeted 30 yards away 
behind the grandstand of the 
seaside Luneta Park, quietly 
climbed on board the five 
army trucks that had brought 
them to the weekly pro- 
Marcos rally the day before 
and surrendered at 3 am at the 
nearby military headquarters. 

‘They realized they had 
been misled." Brigadier-Gen- 
eral Emilio Teplo. Manila's 
deputy military commander, 
said later. 

He said the soldiers had 
been misled into believing 
that they were supporting a 
military takeover by the De- 
fence Minister. Mr Juan Pon- 
ce Enrile. When Mr Enrile 
expressed full support for Mrs 
Aquino's Government in a 
nationally televised press con- 
ference. the troops quickly 
agreed on a mass surrender, he 
said. 


Court veto 
for budget 
cuts law 


From Bailey Morris 
Washington 

The United States Supreme 
Court yesterday struck down 
the key provisions of the 
Gramm-Rodman-Hoilings 
balanced-budget law designed 
to reduce the soaring US 
deficits to zero by 1991. 

By a vote of seven to two, the 
High Court declared unconsti- 
tutional the provisions direct- 
ing Congress to make major 
automatic spending cuts when- 
ever deficits rise above speci- 
fied levels. 

The court ruled that the 
automatic “trigger" provision 
violated the Separation of 
Powers Act, which states that 
Congress and the Administra- 
tion have separate but equal 
functions. 

The ruling put in doubt the 
ability of Congress to meet the 
difficult deficit-redaction goals 
outlined in the unprecedented 
legislation. It requires* across- 
the-board cuts in defence and 
domestic programmes to re- 
duce the $200 billion (about 
£127 billion) deficits to $144 
billion in fiscal 1987, $108 
billion in fiscal 1988, $72 
billion in fiscal 1989 and down 
to zero by 1991. 

To reach those targets, more 
than $34 billion in additional 
cots in domestic and defence 
programmes would have to be 
made by October, just before 
the mid-terra elections. The 
first round of cuts, totalling 
$11.7 billion last March, will 
remain in effect. 

The decision also raises the 
strong possibility of another 
protracted legal battle which 
could paralyze the deficit- 
reduction process further. 

Both Houses of Congress 
have passed budgets and 
agreed, in a special conference, 
on legislation that would meet 
the first-year targets, cutting 
the deficit to $144 billion in* 
the 1987 fiscal year which 
begins in October. 

In meeting that goal. Con- 
gress is now bound by a fall- 
back provision in the Gramm- 
Rudman-Hollings legislation. 
It is very similar to the 
traditional congressional pro- 
cess which has resulted in so 
many political stalemates. 

Under the fall-back provi- 
sion, the President's Office of 
Management and Budget and 
the Congressional Budget Of- 
fice will jointly take a 
“snapshot" of the US econo- 
my on or before August IS. If 
the deficit, now projected at 
more than $175 billion, is 
above the $154 billion leveL 
then the two agencies will 
produce a “sequester order". It 
will direct Congress to cut 
programmes by anywhere 
from 10 per cent to up to 20 per 
cent in some cases. 

Unlike the automatic “trig- 
ger", however, both Houses of 
Congress must then vote on 
the order and President Rea- 
gan most sign it into law. 


Duvalier link 
to properties 
in New York 


New York (AP) — The 
former Haitian president. Mr 
Jcan-Claudc Duvalier. his 
family and associates have 
been linked lo about $5 mil- 
lion (£3.2 million) in New 
York real estate. 

The properties consist of 
five Manhattan apartments, 
according to the July 14 issue 
of A'cw York magazine, which 
said “interests linked lo the 
Family of... Duvalier” own 
• the properties. 

• The information came to 
-light as a result of investiga- 
tions b' the new Government 


of Haiti, which employed an 

inquiry firm to do the work. L».he Branch .RmciA»nt.wa«.l»k. < *- 


South African unrest 


Five bodies found 
after house fire 


From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 


Another 25 people have 
died in the continuing civil 
strife in South Africa which 
has claimed more than 2.000 
fives, the majority of them 
black, since serious distur- 
bances began in September, 
1984. 

A Government spokesman 
said five charred corpses were 
found in a partially burned 
house in the KwaZakele black 
township near Port Elizabeth 
on Sunday night. He gave no 
further details. 

The spokesman said the 
security forces shot and killed 
a black man in an incident on 
Sunday night when they open- 
ed fire on a mob stoning their 
vehicle in a black residential 
area near Nelspruit, in the 
Eastern Transvaal. 

In a separate report, the 
police said they had killed 
three men in a skirmish near 
Em pa n gen i in north-eastern 
Natal, and seized a number of 
Russian-made landmines, 
hand grenades and AK.47 
rifles and ammunition. A 
police dog was seriously 
injured. 

The police also reported 
that the white general foreman 
of a construction company 
was shot by a man with a 
revolver after dropping off 
workers in the KwaZakele 
township outside Port Eliza- 
beth. He died in hospital. 

In continuing unrest in the 
mines. 15 black miners were 
killed in what were described 
as faction fights last weekend 
al the St Helena gold mine in 
Welkom. in the Orange Free 
State. 

General Mining Corpora- 
tion. which owns the mine, 
gave few details about the 
fighting, saying only that it 
erupted after the fatal stabbing 
of a man on Saturday evening. 
Thirteen miners were being 


treated at the mine hospitaJ. It 
said calm had now been 
restored. 

The Anglo American Cor- 
poration reported a go-slow 
since Sunday night by some 
5.000 of the 12.500 blacks 
employed at its nearby Free 
Slate Geduld Mine. As a result 
two of the mine's four shafts 
were not operating. 

Anglo American reported a 
return to work by about a 
third of the 1.950 blacks 
employed at four mines in 
Kimberley owned by De 
Beers, the corporation's dia- 
mond-mining arm. The min- 
ers went on strike at the end of 
last week. 

In Cape Town, the Supreme 
Court heard an application to 
declare the detention of a 
Dominican nun. Sister Care 
Harkin. unlawful and to order 
her release. 

According to a witness, the 
nun. who had been among 
mourners in a funeral preces- 
sion at Guguletu. outside 
Cape Town, stood between a 
policeman and a young man 
who had been chased into a 
garden and repeatedly said: 
■‘Please have mercy on the 
boy.” 

The witness said the police- 
man threw the boy to the 
ground and kicked him. When 
another policeman arrived the 
nun again tried to shield the 
youth. The first policeman 
pushed her out of the way, and 
again kicked the boy. shouting 
at the second policeman to 
“take that woman”. The nun 
was then arrested. 

• Greens freed: Two leading 
members of the West German 
Greens Party arrived in Jo- 
hannesburg yesterday after be- 
ing deiained for seven hours 
in South African-ruled Na- 
mibia (Reuter reports). 


Pope 
kindles 
hopes of 
change 


From Geoffrey Matthews 
Bogota 

As the Pope ended his.week- 
long visit to Colombia y ester- . ; 
day, a cartoon in the Bogota 
newspaper El Espectador K 
summed it all np with the <• 
pointed, ironic fanmotir that is 
such a feature of the national £ 
character and of a democracy *' ■ ■; ' 

that, however imperfect, stag- : 4 i \ ‘4 V «v 

in 


gers on as the most durable in 
Latin America. 

It portrayed the Pope in the 
classic pose of a Colombian 
political orator, fist clenched, 
impassioned, shouting: “For 
education! For health services! 
For agrarian reform!" 

Beside him was a priest-like 
President Betancnr, bead 
bowed, eyes dosed, clutching a 
crucifix, murmuring in prayer: 
-On Earth . ■ . peace to all 
men of good wilL" 

The cartoon neatly reversed 
the public roles of two men 
with much in common, birth 
being natural communicators, 
extremely human, patently 
sincere and unashamed pop- 
ulists. 

Several times the Pope 
praised the Betancnr admin- 
istration's “generous initia- 
tive" to forge peace with the 
country's guerrillas during its 
four-year term which ends on 
August 7. But he also tacitly 
criticized the state by identify- 
ing himself with the plight of 
the poor, the unemployed, the 
homeless, the landless campe- 
sinos, and an indigenous popu- 
lation that has been largely 
abandoned. 

Seflor Betancnr, an indepen- 
dent Conservative, always rec- 
ognized that his peace process 
depended on social reforms to 
Improve conditions in tire 
guerrillas' natural constituen- 
cy — the urban and rural poor 
— but was thwarted by eco- 
nomic recession, a liberal 
majority in Congress and the 
defence mechanisms of argu- 
ably the most sophisticated 
oligarchy in Latin America. 

However, the Pope's repeat- 
ed calls for a serious assault on 
poverty, particularly through 
job creation, will be ignored at 
his peril by the President- 
elect, Seflor Virgil io Barco 
Vargas, a Liberal, who will 
inherit a fast-improving econo- 
my. The papal visit has un- 
doubtedly generated great 
expectations among the poor 
that change can indeed be 
made to happen. _ 

The Pope delivered stern 


i abasias** 


The Pope visiting the Armero memorial cross for the 25,000 
people who died when the volcano erupted last November. 

One memorable example of 
papal wit came as rain poured 
down on a multitude of 


admonishments on divorce 
and abortion, and implicitly 
criticized the more extreme 
manifestations of liberation 
theology, dissociating the 
church from those who preach 
class war and, even worse, 
guerrilla war. But be also 
emphasized that the church 
was in the vanguard of the 
struggle for peaceful and 
meaningful social change. 

Of particular interest will be 
the long-term impact of his 
visit on the Colombian 
Church, very much in tone 
with him on religious doctrine 
but lagging far behind on 
social issues. Many Colombi- 
ans regard it as a reactionary 
body whose clergy are more 
interested in their stipends 
and privileges than the welfare 
of their flocks. 

The Pope's latest Latin 
American pilgrimage was, by 
any theatrical standards, a 
star performance in which his 
constant humanity and good 
humour won the hearts of al! 
Colombians. - - 


700,000 at a service in 
From the crowd came a 
ing cry: “Juan Pablo, amigo, 
Bogota is with you." Quick as 
a flash the grinning Pope 
responded to toe sea of um- 
brellas before him: “Bogota, 
amigo, the rain is with yon.' 

In Cartagena yesterday die 
Pope condemned the drag 
racket while paying homage to 
a local martyr, St Pedro 
Claver, a 17th century monk 
credited with helping to liber- 
ate black slaves. He said drugs 
represented “slavery at times 
even more dreadful" than that 
suffered by the slaves brought 
from Africa to the New World 
in rhe colonial period. 

His visit ended in the port of 
Barranquilla. then be headed 
home, with a brief stop In the 
former British colony of St 
Lucia in the Windward 
Islands. 

He may return to Latin 
America next year 


Church-state clash in Argentina 


Divorce debate opens old wounds 


From A Correspondent, Buenos Aires 


A Congressional debate on 
divorce is soon to gel under 
way in Argentina, one of only 
a handful of countries wbere it 
is illegal. 

About six different propos- 
als have been introduced by 
MPSof several parties. Behind 
the debate are two important 
realities, one sociological, the 
other religious and political. 

The first is that, according 
to the 1980 census, there are 
about two million Argentines 
living in irregular family units, 
without the chance to remar- 
ry. The figure is widely regard- 
ed as an under-estimate. One 
MP puls it at more than four 
million, or more than 10 per 
cent of the population. 

Secondly, not only is Argen- 
tina a juridically Roman Cath- 
olic country in which, for 
example, only a Catholic can 
be President but the Church 
also has a long history of 


intervention in political life. 

Almost every civilian gov- 
ernment has come into con- 
flict with the Church in its 
efforts to liberalize marriage 
laws, education, or both. A 
divorce law is theoretically on 
the books, having been legis- 
lated by the Peronist Govern- 
ment in 1954. 

It contributed greatly to 
President Juan Domingo 
Peron's open conflict with the 
Church, which in turn played 
an important part in his 
overthrow in 1955. The in- 
coming military rulers sus- 
pended the divorce law. 

Although it has been denied 
by church authorities, there is 
a tacit agreement between the 
Church and the democratic 
Government of President 
Alfonsin. under which the 
Church would moderate its 
attack on divorce initiatives 
and the Government would 


not call a plebiscite on the 
matter. 

Polls over the past four 
years indicate that between 66 
and 75 per cent of the popula- 
tion favour divorce 
legislation. 

However, on Saturday in 
the main square of Buenos 
Aires. 35.000 to 55,000 Catho- 
lics gathered for an ostensibly 
non-political demonstration 
in favour of the family. 

The rally was inspired by 
Mgr Emilio Ognenovich, the 
most outspoken critic of di- 
vorce within the conservative 
Catholic hierarchy. 

It was a peaceful gathering, 
in which secondary school- 
children predominated. They 
sang religious folk songs. The 
tranquility of the demonstra- 
tion contrasted sharply with 
heated exchanges in the past 
week between political and 
church figures. 


Mitterrand 
welcomed 
at Kremlin 


From Christopher Walker 
Moscow 


President Mitterrand of 
France yesterday held talks in 
the Kremlin with the Soviet 
leader. Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, at the beginning 
of a four-day official visit 
which has added international 
significance because it follows 
similar talks in New York last 
week with President Reagan. 

It is the second meeting 
between the Soviet and 
French leaders since Mr 
Gorbachov came to power in 
March 1985. indicating the 
importance the Kremlin 
places on the role of France. 

Although senior French of- 
ficials were at pains to deny 
that President Mitterrand was 
playing a role as go-between, 
his three sessions of private 
talks with Mr Gorbachov are 
expected to provide a strong 
pointer to the chances of the 
1 986 superpower summit go- 
ing ahead as originally agreed 
last November in Geneva. 

Both Soviet and French 
officials emphasized what 
they see as the special ties 
between Paris and Moscow 
and yesterday Pravda. the 
Communist Party newspaper, 
said that the Soviet Govern- 
ment hoped that the trip — 
repaying that made to Paris in 
October by the Gorbachovs - 
would help strengthen security 
in Europe. 

French sources said that, 
during the private meetings. 



Mr Gorbachov welcoming President Mitterrand in Moscow 
yesterday as the French leader began a four-day visit 
ly to repeat his earlier rejee- who remember his gesture jn 


•lion of Mr Gorbachov's offer 
to negotiate a separate nuclear 
arms deal with Paris and insist 
on the independence of the 
French nuclear force. 


But the sources said that the 
French leader was also likely 
to speak out during his trip in 
favour of prolonging the 1972 
Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty. 
Mr Gorbachov recently called 
on the US to adhere to the 
treaty without its six-month 
let-out clause for a period of 
1 5 years in return for conces- 
sions on nuclear arsenals. 

M Mitterrand's arrival, in 
company with the new For- 
eign Minister. M Jean-Ber- 
nard Raimond — until 
recently the French ambassa- 
dor in Moscow — has raised 

expectations among Soviet 

: - 

S . . 


1984 when he openly cited the 
name of the banished Nobel 
prize winner Dr Andrei Sa- 
kharov during an official 
Kremlin speech. 

Western sources believe 
that the subject will gain in 
sensitivity because of his 
meeting in Paris in May with 
Dr Sakharov's wife. Mrs 
Yelena Bonner, shortly before 
her return to the Soviet Union 
lo resume her internal exile 
with, her husband in the dosed 
city of Gorky 230 miles to the 
east of the capital. 

If the question of the 
Sakharovs' future does not 
come up in public before. 
Western sources are confident 
that it will be raised at a 
dosing news conference Presi- 
dent Mitterrand has scheduled 
before he leaves Moscow on 


Santiago teenager dies 
of burns after strike 


From Lake Sagans, Santiago 


A young man sprayed with a 
liquid and set alight in Santia- 
go during last week's general 
strike in Chile died just min- 
utes before the arrival of a 
burns specialist from the Unit- 
ed States. 

Witnesses say that Rodrigo 
Rojas, aged 19. and a friend. 
Carmen Gloria Quintana, 
were cornered in a side street 
by a military patrol which beat 
them with rifles before setting 
them both on fire. They were 
then wrapped in blankets, 
thrown into a van and 
dumped on an isolated road. 

Dr John Constable of Har- 


vard University is working 
overtime with Chilean doctors 
to save the girl's life. 

Chile's Radio Co-operativa, 
whose news broadcasts are 
back on the air after being 
banned for their coverage of 
the ami-government strike, 
said Senor Rojas had identi- 
fied his attackers before his 
death. 

Relatives of both teenagers 
have accused the military 
authorities of hampering med- 
ical treatment. Attempts to 
transfer them to a better- 
equipped hospital were unsuc- 
cessful 


Mexican 

election 

fraud 

claimed 


From John Carlin 
Ciudad Juarez 
Chihuahua, Mexico 

The ruling Institutional 
Revolutionary Party ^ 
yesterday declared itself tne 
outright winner of elections in 
the state of Chihuahua, on the 
United States border, as fur- 
ther details emerged of blatant 
electoral fraud. 

The elections - for gover- 
nor. mayors and congressional 
deputies — are seen as a test of 
the degree to which the Gov- 
ernment of President de la 
Madrid retains credibility, or 
foiling that control, at a time 
of acute economic crisis. 

As indignation grew yester- 
day at the perceived scale of 
the fraud, an estimated 2,000 
troops were on alert on the 
streets of Ciudad Juirez bor- 
dering El Paso. Texas, which 
has a population of one 
million. 

A senior PRI official. Senor 
Mario Niebla, said jo Ciudad 
Juarez that he felt proud of 
what he described as a dear, 
transparent triumph. The 
PRI. be said, estimated a 60 to 
40 victory margin in Chihua- 
hua. Mexico's largest state. 

The official result will not 
be available until later this 
week. Nor will it be in the 
states of Michoacan, Zacate- 
cas and Durango, where the 
PRI has claimed victory 
elections for governors which 
took place on Sunday. 

The major opposition party, 
the right-wing National Ac- 
tion Party (PAN); said its 
figures showed it had won 
PAN electoral delegates said 
the PRI Government — which 
has not lost a state election in 
57 years - had rigged the vote, 
and would now fix the figures 
to assure victory. 

Evidence of fraud oh 
massive scale was accumulat- 
ed not only by PAN, but also 
by political parlies of the left 
scores of foreign reporters and 
an independent civic action 
group which closely moni- 
tored voting. 

It emerged that the vote had 
been, fixed principally by re- 
sorts to the crudest of meth- 
ods: the stuffing of ballot 
boxes before polling with bal- 
lots marked in favour of the 
PRI. 

In a typical case, one wom r 
ari tqid how. despite being 
only -the tenth person in her 
poll ing.station to vote, she had 
to force her voting slip into a 
crammed ballot box. 

At another polling station 
the final figures showed a PRI 
victory by 6,980 voles to 596 
by PAN. In order for that 
many votes to have been poll- 
ed. allowing one minute for 
each voter to cast his ballot, 
voting would have lasted five 
days. 


Ariane 2 
sabotage 
ruled out 


Paris (Reuter) — There is no 
sign that sabotage caused the 
crash of a European Ariane 2 
rocket in May, as reported in 
the US press, and it is hoped 
to launch, again early next 
year, the Arianespace presi- 
dent M Frederic d'AIlest.said 
yesterday. 

“Every time that there is a 
failure, of course one can 
think that sabotage has oc- 
curred. In parallel with the 
technical analysis, we assure 
ourselves by appropriate 
methods that There has been 
no sabotage." he said. 

“1 can tel? you today that the 
checks we have carried out 
from this point of view give no 
positive indication that . . . 
there was sabotage. 

He was commenting on an 
article in Sunday's Las Ange- 
les Times, quoted in several 
French newspapers yesterday, 
that the French secret services 
were raking seriously the pos- 
sibility that the last Ariane 
launch had been sabotaged. 

The launch attempt on May 
30 ended slightly less than five 
minutes into the flight when 
the rocket's third-stage engine 
foiled to ignite properly, send- 
ing the rocket and ns $50 
million (£33.3 million) satel- 
lite payload plunging into the 
Atlantic. 


Dutch 


rescues 

Britons 


British ships 
tovisitChiha 


Artist evaded 


. Monrovia (AFP) — Senator 
Charles Williams, of -Buchan- 
an City, said he had ordered 
the arrest of Mrs Ellen John- 
son-Sirleaf, an executive 
member of the opposition 
Liberal Action Party. : and 
other partisans for “illegally 
holding a political rally" in his 
constituency, but they had 
escaped. ' 1 ■ , . 


Sword terror 


New York (Reuter) — A 
man wielding a sword turned a 
quiet Staten Island forty into a 
scene of terror yesterday, stab- 
bing nine people, killing one 
and badly injuri ng eight before 
being subdued 


President ill 


Algiers (AP) — . A team of 
French surgeons operated suc- 
cessfully on President .Chadti 
of Algeria who had been 
suffering for more than a week , 
from a herniated disc. 


Clean milk 


Berne (Reuter) - Swiss 
authorities have lifleda warn- 
ing against the use of cow's 
milk by small children, nurs- 
ing mothers and pregnant 
women issued after : the 
Chernobyl nuclear disaster. 


Bull run 


Pamplona (AP). — More 
than a dozen -runners were 
injured, none seriously. in the 
bull run on the opening day of 
the annual San Ferrnfn-- bull 
festival. - '■ * 


Eaten alive 


Dares Salaam (AFP) — A 
wildlife official in southern 
Tanzania’s Tunduru district 
was eaten alive by lions as he 
was returning home. 


Never say die 


Belgrade (AP) — Unabashed 
after nine years of foiling to 
pass _ a driving- test, ' Mr 
Hranislav Mi rko Vic,: aged 54. 
will have another try. his 79th. 



Den Heldcr. Netherlands 
(AP) — The Dutch * Navy 
yesterday rescued the crew of* 
British freighter which began 
to sink near the Dutch: coast 
after loose cargo shifted, a 
Navy spokesman said. 

The British-registered Olaf 
sent a distress signal at about 
3pm local time and the frigate 
Pieter Florisz arid a helicopter 
came to its assistance: 

The Olafs crew OH 6. was 
taken aboard the frigate, but 
its captain decided to stay on 
board while a tugboat tried to 
take the ship in tow . ' " _ 


CA 


Last rites for 
Great Teacher 

(Reuter), - The 


Rangoon 

Taungpulu ..... 
Great Teacher of Taungpulu) 
Burma's most revered Bud- 
dhist monk, a' 90-yeaf-dld 
master of meditation . with 
followers around the world, 
has been cremated; after a 
month of rites following his 
death in early June.- . 

The ascetic monk was; the 
foremost authority on .Bud- 
dhist meditation in~r Burma 
and taught and converted 
followers in Britain; the US, 
India. Nepal and Thailand. 


u- 


Peking (AP) — Two British 
warships, win visit Shanghai 
from July II to 15 in' the first 
port call to China by la navy 
with nuclear capability since a 
visit planned by the US -Navy 
ran aground last year oyer the 
issue of whether the American 
vessels carried nuclear arms. 

The destroyer Manchester 
and the corvette Amazon will 
make the goodwill visit, the 
first by British warships to 
China since 1980: - 


Dry Norway 

Oslo (Reuter) — Norwegian 
'alcohol supplies dried ' up; as 
900 workers in the_ state wine 
and liquor monopoly went on 
strike for more pay. Hoteliers, 
who buy their supplies from 
the state stores, ' said the 
dispute could force businesses 
to close during the summer 
holidays. 


America’s weekend of celebrations 


Lady Liberty obscured by excesses 


From Christopher Thomas, Washington 


America returned to work 
yesterday after the narcissistic 
excesses of Liberty Weekend, 
most of which were tacky, 
trivialized, overdone and, sad- 
dest of all, nothing to do with 
the ideals enshrined by the 
Statue of Liberty. 

There were, however, some 
rare moments when the deeper 
spirit and meaning of the 
occasion seemed unsullied, 
such as a few weeks ago when 
a lone cameraman captured a 
worker high np on the scaf- 
folding giving the Lady a 
secret kiss. 

ABC Television, which paid 
$10 million (£6.25 milltOi^ for 


extravaganza and recouped a 
$16 million profit — was 
immensely pleased with the 
outcome. 

For the most part, tbe nation 
gorged itself on “The Battle 
Hymn of tbe Republic" and 
“America the Beautiful". The 
national anthem, “The Star 
Spangled Banner", was heard 
hut little save for endless 
repetitions of the opening 
lines, which are the only tales 
most people can manage be- 
cause of its impossible range. 

Commentators found it hard 
not to be cynical, or even 
downright vicious, when re- 


occasion as Lady Liberty's 
centenary. A writer for The 
Washington Post savagely ex- 
pressed thanks that America 
was free at last from Liberty 
Weekend. 

It all ended, certainly, on a 
flat and anti-climactic note. 
The dosing ceremonies con- 
sisted of three hours of dreary 
entertainment at the Giants’ 
Stadium in New Jersey, com- 
plete, with 200 Elvis Presley 
look-alikes. . 

Liberty Weekend was patri- 
otic to excess. One . writer 
commented: “We already. felt, 
good about oarsdves before 


fleeting on the co mm ere i al fe a- thlsjtpRsera^starta). ^wnKdtalji 


feel and doesn't it get danger- 
ous when we start feeling jnsta 

tittle too good?" 

At around 10pm on Sunday 
a marching band appeared on 
the Add and played the most 
honest tune of the weekend: * 
"Hooray For Hollywood". 

Despite the overkill, ih -feir- 
ness it must Ire said that the- 
celebrations did pnilifae heart 
a Lings .of this • sentimental: 
nation of immigrant*, who 
shared poigriant messages and 
memories of- . hopes . and-, 
dreams. Indeed, the veryscale- 
of liberty Weekend wa^ fiT 
itself a reminder . of the tra- ; 





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W ar document reveals 
Auschwitz link with 
Waldheim’s army unit 

^ From Ian Murray, Jer usale m 

time donmnenTnimli h?~ ! C ^ A 9"- involved the Mr Steinberg said the docu- 

yesterday shows tiSt Jewish population on the is- ment refuted a letter sent by 

.; 2.500 Jewish men ^me^nd hinds ofCrete and Rhodes. Dr Waldheim to the WJC 
children were draonS to t ^ t In - a JL eUer xnl 10 ^ us president. Mr Edgar Bronf- 
vSiischwitz extermination J^^nmejt last April, man. on Match 7, in which he 
campon the ordeS nr l th2 S^ al i!? e,m 5“? he rhc said he had “never been 
' German army uq»i i n whinh 03 °? cer of lhls unil - This informed" about the deporta- 

Dr Kurt vSdhehn Srv^ « ”S MUlt * I f spons S ,e for Uon ° f Greek Jews - !t cle * d * 
- the deoutv <535 iJSXZL ? 3,1 . operational intelligence showed, he said, that the unit 


- - o*-* u ./»»; 






iU fe?#" 




- f'wt.w-m Wiucn, DI me 

ajft uni1 in which 

.. *^hrt Waldheim served as 

- officer PUty inlel,igence 

- document, released by 

Jewish Congress 

- ! WJ C) on the eve of the 
-_• inauguration of Dr Waldheim 
■ as President of Austria, was 

discovered six days earlier in 
the Federal Archives in Frei- 
butg. West Germany. 

. Dated September 22, 1944 

- > l records “deportation of 
= Jews: end of July 1 944. Depor- 
..tation of Jews not holding 
ir Turkish citizenship in the 

entire command territory ... 
7 , upon instructions of the High 
. Command of Army Group E, 


and control of the intelligence 
staff. 

The document was discov- 
ered by the WJC, currently 
meeting in Jerusalem, which 
launched a campaign in 
March to have the former 
United Nations Secretary- 
General excluded from the US 
as a war criminal. 

Mr Elan Steinberg, execu- 
tive director of the WJC said 
yesterday that the- new evi- 
dence should be considered by 
the American authorities, who 
should place the Austrian 
President-elect on the “watch 
list" of aliens who can be 
excluded from the LIS. 


showed, he said, that the unit 
in which he was a senior 
officer actually ordered the 
deportation. 

The WJC means to go on 
seeking evidence about Dr 
Waldheim’s wartime career. 
“The chief witness against 
him is his own signature,” Mr 
Steinberg said. 

Israel is continuing its own 
Judicial inquiry into the war- 
time records, but this is not 
yet complete. To mark the 
inauguration, there is to be a 
special showing today in the 
Knesset of the nine-hour Him 
about the Nazi Holocaust 
Shoah. 




.us-v 


Mrs Barbara Barlow and a friend viewing the casket (above) containing the remains of her son Kevin, whOe a tearful Mrs 
Sue Chambers, m other of Brian Chambers, leaves St Marys Church with an Australian High Commission official (below). 


Envoy to boycott ceremony 


Hawke says Malaysian 
hanging of two drug 
traffickers is barbaric 

From Tony Du bond in, Melbourne 


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Dr\ Nop-. 


The Austrian Parliament’s 
_ formal swearing-in as bead of 
state of Dr Kart Waldheim at 
a ceremony this morning will 
be boycotted by some diplo- 
mats and Socialist MPs. 

Dr Waldheim, the former 
UN Secretary-General has, 
since his election on June 8, 
faced a barrage of criticism 
over his activities as a 
Wehnnacbt officer In the Bal- 
kans during the Second World 
War. 

Hopes that his election 
would ensure that he remained 
in tiie tradition of all previous 
Austrian presidents — above 
controversy — have hot been 
realized. Dr Waldheim's office 
was yesterday forced to reject 
new allegations from the 
World Jewish Congress that 
be was involved in deporting 
Jews from Crete daring the 
war. 

It was regrettable, a spokes- 
man for Dr Waldheim said. 


From Richard Bassett, Vienna 

that this “smear campaign" 
continued even though Dr 
Waldheim had been elected 
President by a majority of 
Austrians. 

But die shadows lying over 
Dr Waldheim’s past will also 
be noticeable in Vienna at 
today’s ceremony. Several So- 
cialist MPs have already said 
they will be absent, and nei- 
ther the Israeli envoy nor the 
American Ambassador, Mr 
Ronald Lander, will attend. 

Alhongh the Israeli absence 
is interpreted here as an 
obvious expression of Tel 
Aviv's distaste for Dr Wald- 
heim,, a spokesman for the 
American Embassy here said 
that Mr Lander could not 
attend becanse of “family 
reasons”. Mr Lander is, how- 
ever, an American Jew of some 
prominence, and is believed to 
be unwilling to spend more 
time in Dr Waldheim’s pres- 
ence then strictly necessary. 


¥ ’ & v 

IjiKPW r: 


Punjab snubs inquiry 
on state land transfer 


From Knfdip Nayar, Delhi 


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The Punjab Government 
yesterday said it would not 
make any representation to 
• the Desal Comntissioh, ap- 
pointed to identify thtf 70,000 
. acres due for transfer next 

- Tuesday from Punjab to Ha- 
. ryana in lieu of Chandigarh. 

» Its reasoning is that Delhi 
... has erred in asking the oom- 

- mission to identify the 70,000 
.. acres afresh, when it was 

prepared to transfer 45,000 
» acres of Hindi-speaking vil- 
lages and to accept the verdict 
of mother commission on the 
remaining 25,000 acres. 

The Venkatramiah Com- 
mission, which preceded the 
7 Desai Commission, had rec- 
» ommended the transfer of 


70,000 acres of Punjab territo- 
ry in lieu of Chandigarh and 
had said that the 45.000 acres 
offered by the state govern- 
ment was “inadequate". 

Mr Surjit Singh Bamala, the 
Punjab Chief Minister, who 
has met Mr Justice Desai. is 
reported to have conveyed his 
inability to “co-operate" with 
the commission. 

Mr Bamala also said the 
hideouts of some hard-core 
extremists had been uncov- 
ered. Many extremists had 
been “eliminated" or arrested. 

Mr Harinder Singh Kahlon, 
leader of the militant All India 
Sikh Students Federation, has 
been arrested in connection 
with several murder inquiries. 


A spokesman for the British 
Embassy in Vienna said that 
the ceremony would be attend- 
ed by the British Ambassador, 
who would follow “normal 
procedure". _ 

One foreign dignitary in 
Vienna who is anxious to talk 
to Dr Waldheim, but who is 
not expected to attend this 
morning’s ceremony, is Mr 
Yassir Arafat, the PLO 
leader. 

Mr Arafat, who is here for 
the United Nations Namibia 
conference, told Austrian jour- 
nalists yesterday that he 
looked forward to talking to 
the new Anstrian President 

• NEW YORK: The Ameri- 
can Jewish Congress is to 
cancel tours to Austria be- 
cause the election of Dr Wald- 
heim as President “has made 
it impossible" for AJC mem- 
bers to feel comfortable there 
(AP reports). 

Soviet officials 
on bribery and 
theft charges 

Moscow (Reuter) — A for- 
mer Transport Minister in the 
Soviet republic of Kazakhstan 
has been arrested for bribery 
and many officials in his 
department have been 
charged with theft, Provdo. the 
Communist Party daily news- 
paper. reported yesterday. 

The paper did not say when 
the minister, Mr Anatoly Ka- 
ra vayev, was sacked and ar- 
rested or give details of the of- 
fence. 

Provda published a scathing 
account of mismanagement in 
the republic, focusing on con- 
struction. transport and agri- 
culture. Bureaucracy and vio- 
lations of discipline were still' 
rife, it said. 


A wave of revulsion swept 
Australia yesterday after the 
deaths of the convicted drug 
traffickers, Brian Chambers 
and Kevin Barlow, who were 
hanged in Kuala Lumpui*s 
Pudu jaiL Mr Bob Hawke. The 
Prime Minister, described the 
hangings as barbaric. 

“I extend my deepest sym- 
pathy to the parents of these 
two men." Mr Hawke said in 
Hobart, where he is attending 
the Labor Patty’s federal 
conference. 

One of the conference’s first 
actions was to pass a motion 
condemning the execution of 
the two Australians. 

The news that the Malay- 
sian authorities had executed 
Chambers, a building contrac- 
tor from Perth, and Barlow, a 
British-born Australian weld- 
er. was flashed on radio and 
television stations just after 
9am in the eastern stales. 

Mr Brian Burke, the West 
Australian Premier, who had 
cabled the Malaysian Govern- 
ment offering to imprison the 
two offenders in Western Aus- 
tralia for life without remis- 
sion, said the hanging was a 
sad commentary on any social 
or government system. 

“It’s certainly not in any 
way a means of rehabilitation 
. . . and I'm just very, very 
sad." he said. 

The Foreign Minister, Mr 
Bill Hayden, said the Austra- 
lian Government deeply re- 
gretted the executions. He said 
the Government understood 
the anguish of the families at 
this “terrible moment". 

“The Australia Govern- 
ment reaffirms its abhorrence 
and rejection of the death pen- 
ally in any circumstances, be- 
lieving lhai the taking of life as 
a punishment can never be 
justified," Mr Hayden said. 

“The Australian Govern- 
ment's repugnance at the 
.death penalty had been put 
forcefully to the Malaysian 
authorities by the Prime Min- 
ister, Mr Hawke, by Senator 
-Evans, as acting Foreign Min- 
ister, and by myself on a num- 


The Japanese elections 


iV'iik'- Nakasone faces fight over future role 


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From David Watts 
Tokyo 

Mr Yasuhiro Nakasone’s 
overwhelming election vic- 
tory has opened the way for an 
extension of his term as Prime 
Minister, but tough intra- 
! party bargaining separates 
him from his goaL 
ft now seems possible that 
Mr Nakasone may stay m 
office beyond the end or his 
‘ second term as party president 
and Prime Minister at the end 
ofOctober. . 

He has said that he would 
. like to complete the princijwl 
tasks of reform now beforetne 
Government, the most ardu- 
ous of which is reform or 
Japanese national railways, 
which many believe will take 
longer than the extra Diet 
session proposed for tne 

autumn. . . 

Mr Nakasone might then 
extend his term at least until 
- the end of the year. But 
. beyond that the longer-term 
question of leadership for 
party and country centres on 

whether he will be able to 
persuade the party to chug 
its rules and give him a ffimd 
. two-year term as Prime 

^MrNakasone was quick to 
1 say yesterday that he would 

SSJJ 

SSL35£5? y 

S m JSitfear>flu“na^ 
Sid that if Diet members 
wished it. itwould be iMSSibfe 
to change party nteloaHow 
Mr Nakasone another term. 

Mr Kanemaru has previ- 
ously said that he was against 

mv change of the LDP consa- 

great admirer of Mr 

Nakasone. i^rfer- 

More important m toder 

-Ship terms than tte **}■ 
majority in to “ 

: m 'jT efTecf^e necessary 

■ change of rules. Mr Natawne 
cannot merely rely on his 0 

■ fection ofappmxunmdy ^ 

Diet members. He neeas — 


v . 



Mr Yasuhiro Nakasone, the Japanese Prime Minister, placing roses on the names of elected 
Liberal Democratic Party candidates at the party's headquarters in Tokyo yesterday. 

thieve the necessary two- Reagan policies served 

thirds majority within the , ™ - 

chan£C 1,5 by Tokyo poll result 

Ironically, the largest fee- From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

tion - that of the former 

grime minister. Mr Kakuei The Reagan Administration ued to demand cuts in the 
Tanaka, the "kingmaker", is delighted with the dear Soviet Union's force of SS20 
who was too ill to leave his victory in Sunday's elections intermediate-range missiles in 
home to compete in the 0 f Japan's ruling liberal Asia - many of which are 
election - was increased by Democratic Party and hopes it targeted on Japan - during 
some 20 new followers. Most will increase the ri»anr«H; of the protracted Geneva arms 
of these are likely to support Mr Yasuhiro Nakasone re- control negotiations, 
one of Mr Nakasone's rivals maining Prime Minister after Mr Reagan has fhlsomdy 
forthe prime ministership, the his term expires in October, praised Mr Nakasone for 
Finance Minister, Mr Noboru Mr Reagan and the Japa- trying to lower trade barriers 
Takeshi to- a Tanaka follower, nese leader have struck a against American goods, while 
and now the strongest aspirant warm personal rapport and be himself continues to fight 
in terms of factional support, hare similar views on fi ghting an uphill battle in both Houses 
But after a bruising term as United States protectionism of Congress to prevent the 
Finance Minister, and with and curbing Japanese imports raising of speml harriers 
the prospect of the party being to the US. They share a deep against Japanese imports, 
forced to raise taxes, he may concern about the growing Even if Mr Nakasone does 
be prepared to wait a liule Soviet military buOd-up in the not succeed in persuading his 
ton£r for the top pany pacific, saying it poses a grave party to change the rales that 
]jj on threat to stability in the require him to step down in 

Mr Nakasone’s leadership region. October, officials in the Rea- 

ils running Mr Nakasone *s a forthright gan Administration are coufi- 
of the paly » debis otber supporter of Mr Reagan’s dent that Mr Nakaawe's main 
viciorv and military build-up and arms economic, defence and foreign 

^^indnceXri Support control polities. In turn, the polities will be closely M. 
him?n a d M for Tthird ^ m American leader has couth*- lowed by his s uccessor. 


The Reagan A dm in i stration 
is delighted with the dear 
victory in Sunday's elections 
of Japan's ruling liberal 
Democratic Party and hopes it 
will increase the tiignrt»< of 
Mr Yasuhiro Nakasone re- 
maining Prime Minister after 
his term expires in October. 

Mr Reagan and the Japa- 
nese leader have struck a 
warm personal rapport and 
have similar views on fighting 
United States protectionism 
and curbing Japanese imports 
to the US. They share a deep 
concern about the growing 
Soviet military bnOd-up in the 
Pacific, saying it poses a grave 
threat to stability in the 
region. 

Mr Nakasone is a forthright 
supporter of Mr Reagan's 
military build-up and arms 
control polities. In turn, the 
American leader has contin- 


ued to demand arts in the 
Soviet Union's force of SS20 
intermediate-range missDes in 
Asia — many of which are 
targeted on Japan — during 
the protracted Geneva arms 
control negotiations. 

Mr Reagan has fulsomdy 
praised Mr Nakasone for 
trying to lower trade barriers 
against American goods, while 
be himself continues to fight 
an nphill battle in both Houses 
of Congress to prevent the 
raising of special harriers 
against Japanese imports. 

Even if Mr Nakasone does 
not succeed in persuading his 
party to change the rales that 
require him to step down in 
October, officials in the Rea- 
gan Administration are confi- 
dent that Mr Nakasone's main 
economic, defence and foreign 
polities will be closely fed- 
lowed by his successor. 


berof occasions in the series of 
representations seeking clem- 
ency for the two men," he 
said. 

Tan Sri Zakaria. the Malay- 
sian High Commissioner, said 
he sympathized with the par- 
ents of the executed men. He 
said he hoped the hangings 
would not lead to a deteriora- 
tion of relations between Ma- 
laysia and Australia. 

“Drug trafficking is a prob- 
lem of enormous proportions 
in Malaysia, and is regarded as 
the most serious security 
threat to the country” Tan Sri 
Zakaria said. 

Federal Police have stepped 
up security outside the Malay- 
sian High Commission in 
Canberra after a death threat 
was made against the High 
Commissioner. Threats have 
also been made against Malay- 
sian students at the University 
of New South Wales, and 
there is concern wiihin the 
New South Wales prison sys- 
tem that there might be vio- 
lence against Asian prisoners 
over the hanging. 

The newspaper published a 
photograph of the body of 
Barlow, the uncovered feet 
sticking out from under the 
grey prison blanket, being 
carried on a stretcher into the 
mortuary, past a group of 
photographers. 

• WELLINGTON: Mr Da- 
vid Lange, the New Zealand 
Prime Minister, yesterday 
warned New Zealanders to 
heed the “awful message" 
contained in Malaysia's hang- 
ing of the two Australians 
(Reuter reports). 

He said the executions 
should tell young New Zea- 
landers that drug dealing was 
not only intrinsically wrong, it 
was “near suicidal". 

Mr Lange's warning was 
apparently aimed at preparing 
the country for the possible 
conviction of two New Zea- 
landers, a 43-year old woman 
and her 1 9-yearold son, a wait- 
ing trial in Malaysia on heroin 
trafficking charges. 



Executions highlight 
dangers of dealing 

From M. G. G. Pillai, Koala Lumpur 


Until Kevin Barlow and 
Brian Chambers were hanged 
yesterday, most travellers, es- 
pecially Caucasians, had not 
realized the dangers of drug 
trafficking in Malaysia, which 
has now breached both of its 
taboos: the hanging of women 
and of whites. 

If anything, it can be expect- 
ed to be tougher on traffickers 
than in the pasL 

On the same day as the 
hangings, the Penang High 
Court sentenced to death a 69- 
year-old Malaysian grand- 
mother, reinforcing, the 
dangers of drug dealing. 

There are five whites await- 
ing trial: Mick McAuliffe, an 
Australian; Derrick Gregory, 
of Richmond. Surrey, a West 
German; and a New Zealand 
woman and her son. All face 
the death sentence if 
convicted. 

Why is Malaysia so tough 
on drug traffickers? It has 
hanged 36 Malaysians, Thais 
and Singaporeans since 1975, 
when the mandatory death 
penalty was introduced. 


Seventy-four people are in 
death row, awaiting the result 
of appeals, but the world at 
large had not been aware of 
the situation until yesterday. 
In the past week two Malay- 
sians have been sentenced to 
death, but this was hardly 
recorded. 

The drug problem is serious 
euough for the Government to 
view it as bad as the commu- 
nist menace. 

No specific figure on drag 
addiction is available, but 
most addicts tend to be Ma- 
lays. and most pushers and 
traffickers Chinese. 

There are as many civil 
servants, it is said, as there are 
drag addicts; about one mil- 
lion. 

The main criticism of the 
drag laws is not the manda- 
tory death penalty, but more a 
change in trial procedure: 
convictions are based not on 
the burden of proof beyond 
reasonable doubt, but on the 
principle of the balance of 
probabilities. 


Chinese lawyers organize nationally 


From A Correspondent, Peking 
The National Congress of disputes" since 1983, Mr Qiao 


Lawyers, the first meeting of 
its kind to be held in China 
since 1 949, has opened here to 
organize China's first Nation- 
al Lawyers' Association. 

China now has 20,000 full- 
time and part-time lawyers, 
most of whom work as legal 
advisers to 20,000 companies 
and work units, according to 
the Chinese Vice- Premier, Mr 
Qiao Shi. 

These lawyers have provid- 
ed legal services in 530,000 
criminal cases and 230,000 
civil cases in the past six years, 
and have been involved in 
900,000 cases of "economic 

Civilian to 
be Premier 
for Ershad 

From Ahmed Fazl 
Dhaka 

President Ershad of Bangla- 
desh is to appoint Mr Mizanur 
Rahman Chowdbury as die 
country’s civilian prime min- 
ister in a major step towards 


said at the weekend. 

The national meeting is 
taking place at a time when 
China's legal structure is still 
in its infancy. 

Although the Chinese con- 
stitution guarantees full legal 
rights for all citizens of the 
People’s Republic, local asso- 
ciations made up of Chinese 
Communist Party members 
have arbitrated on most dis- 
putes — ranging from domes- 
tic squabbles to theft and 
fraud — during the past 37 
years. 

During the cultural revolu- 
tion the rale of law was 


suspended, and Chinese 
sources now estimate that 
during those ten years of chaos 
( 1966-1976) thousands of peo- 
ple were murdered to settle 
personal grudges. 

The paramount leader, Mr 
Deng Xiaoping, and bis sup- 
porters have sought to give 
China viable civil and eco- 
nomic legal codes. 

A bankruptcy law is now 
under consideration by the 
National People’s Congress, 
and a variety of business laws, 
including those spelling out 
liability in Sino-foreign joint 
venture investments, is now 
being written. 


Labor asks delegates 
to support Hawke 


Hobart, Tasmania (Reuter) 
— The president of the ruling 
Australian Labor Party plead- 
ed with delegates to a party 
conference yesterday to rally 
behind the Prime Minister, 
Mr Bob Hawke, and help 
solve Australia's economic 
problems. 

Mr Mick Young, in an 


nomic woes feeing the Gov- 
ernment posed a major threat 
to implementing party 
objectives. 

“Over the last year, our 
terms of trade have declined 
so markedly, with commodity 
prices collapsing, that they 
now present the Government 
and our party with a major 
impediment to growth and the 


the return of democracy after opening address to the bienni- impediment to growtftana m 
more than four years of mar- *1 conference, urged the poll- fulfilment of our objectives. 


more than tour years ot mar- 
tial law, official sources said 
yesterday. 

Mr Chowdhury, the Minis- 
ter of Telecommunications in 
General Ershad's Cabinet, will 
also be elected leader of the 
pro-Govemrnent Jatfyo Party 
in Parliament, which is due to 
meet on Thursday. 

Officials said his appoint- 
ment would be announced by 
tomorrow, after General 
Ershad dissolves his Cabinet 

Mr Chowdhury, aged 57, 
switched allegiance from the 
opposition Awami League to 
the Government in 1982. 

• Student boycott: Tens of 
thousands of Bangladesh stu- 
dents yesterday boycotted 
classes in protest against the 
military rule of President 
Ershad (Ahmed Fazl writes). 

Mr Akhtaruz Zaman, the 
leader of the Central Students 
Action Committee which 
called the strike, said it had 
shut down six state universi- 
ties and more than 500 col- 
leges and high schools. 


cy-making meeting not to 
inflict unattainable political 
and economic dreams on the 
Hawke Government 
The conference began amid 
a mounting economic crisis 
for Mr Hawke, who has foiled 


he said. 

His speech made it clear 
that Mr Hawke was deter- 
mined to defend tough poli- 
cies calling for beh-tightenrag, 
despite left-wing criticism. 

Meanwhile, unions in the 


to solve a bitter battle between . coal industry yesterday en- 
unions and business over an dorsed industrial action if 


employer-funded retirement 
schemeMr Young said eco- 


employers reject their super- 
annuation claim on July 14. 


General 

warns 

Beirut 

gunmen 

From Robert Fisk 
Beirut 

Brigadier General Chari 
Kenaan head of Syrian mili- 
tary intelligence in Lebanon, 
yesterday delivered a harsh 
warning to the gmunen and 
rofli ti»v of West Beirut that, if 
they oppose Lebanese troops 
patrolling the city, they will be 
striking “directly against 
Syria". 

His implicit threat to nse 
force against opponents of 
Syria’s new “security" plan — 
made in a long interview with 
The Times as heavily-armed 
Syrian security agents stood 
outside his hotel room — was 
mainly directed at Mr Yassir 
Arafat and his PLO support- 
ers, whom the general blamed 
for the chaos in Lebanon. 

Two of three men arrested 
after an attempted car-bomb- 
ing at Beirut airport had 
admitted being “Arafat 
Palestinians’’, he said. 
"Arafat is the man who would 
really like to prevent a solution 
in Lebanon. From the begin- 
ning, be has been trying to 
create an explosion here." 

The general said 150 people 
had already been arrested in 
Beirut for carrying arms in 
contravention of Syria's secu- 
rity plan, and were now being 
held prisoner, in Lebanese 
Army barracks. 

General Kenaan is a small, 
dark-haired, confident man 
with a sharp sense of humour 
as well as a ruthless determi- 
nation that emerged from time 
to limp as he sal talking in his 
hotel room, a place of dark 
furnishings decorated with two 
bouquets of roses, a copy of a 
Gainsborough with a ballet 
hole through the middle and a 
sketch of President Assad 
grinning broadly from one 
corner of the suite. 

He had only “40 or 50" 
uniformed Syrian troops in 
West Beirut, be claimed, but 
they were sufficient to give the 
necessary moral support to the 
U00 Lebanese troops and 
paramilitary police on the 
streets. The general dearly 
expects to be taken seriously — 
and obeyed. 

"I said to the Lebanese 
Army officers — and today 1 
said the same to General 
Osman of the internal security 
force— f said to them: ‘Yon are 
going to have everything you 
need to maintain the law — but 
this is your country and yon 
must work for ft. We will 
support you — but this is your 
responsibility, not ours.’ 

“Now all the parties (mili- 
tias) have agreed to control 
their people and there will be 
no more arms carried in the 
streets . . . they will have to 
collect all their arms later. 
They will only be allowed to 
have one office each — for 
political affairs. The trouble- 
makers have to be faced. I told 
the Lebanese officers: ‘We are 
with you. All the Lebanese 
people are with yon. They will 
give you their support'." 

General Kenaan insisted 
that the militias would have to 
hand over anyone wanted by 
the Army, “even if that man is 
the personal bodyguard of a 
party leader. 

“We are going to have peace 
here," he said. “My responsi- 
bility is to bring security for 
everyone. I don't like gunmen. 

1 don't even ha ve a gun for self- 
defence — only to defend the 
security of people here." 

The general is nothing if not 
a humourist. Every morning at 
730, he goes jogging along the 
Beirut seafront. “I go alone 
without protection or even a 
goo because it is important 
that the people see me and I 
can show them that no-one can 
attack them," he said. “They 
see me and they know there is 
security." 

At this, the general looked 
at Tie times correspondent 
and asked: “Why don't yon 
come jogging with me tomor- 
row morning?" Was this, one 
wondered, an offer that could 
be refused? 

Of the American, French 
and British hostages held in 
Lebanon - perhaps in Beirut 
— General Kenaan said that 
“even in Syria we are working 
on this — even the President 
(Assad) himself is personally 
working for their release be- 
canse it is a human (sic) case. 
We hope they will be released. 
InshaUoh (God willing) — 
everything has an end." 

The general had remark- 
ably little to say about the 
Christians who have opposed 
the deployment of Syrian 
troops in West Beirut “The 
Lebanese are like this," he 
said. “If there are two Leba- 
nese people, one of them 
cannot bear to have the other 
one happy. I hope they (Mus- 
lims and Christians) htU be 
together again one day be- 
canse they are one people." 


Boost for EEC farm spending 


From Jonathan Braude, Brussels 


European Community fi- 
nance ministers yesterday 
gave the go-ahead for in- 


“exceptional circumstance" of 
the foil in the value of the 
dollar, which boosts the cost 


creased spending on agricul- of EEC food export subsidies. 


ture this year, despite pres- 
sures on the EEC budget. 

The meeting, chaired by the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. 


But Mr Lawson denied that 
the new agreemem signalled a 
less disciplined approach to 
EEC spending. 


Mr Nigel Lawson, was the first “Ils discipline has not gone 
Council of Finance Ministers out of the window," he said, 
since Britain look over the referring to the agreement to 
EEC presidency last week. keep budget growth under 
Ministers argued that the control which the Prime Min- 
increase was justified by the isier had extracted from other 


European leaders at their June 
1984 summit. 

Last night the Council 
putting the finishing touches 
to a detailed budget for negoti- 
ation with the Parliament in 
Strasbourg later today. 

The European Commission 
has proposed a 1986 budget of 
about u2 billion, but Britain 
may still demand some reduc- 
tion in agricultural spending 
within that figure. 6 





8 




***** 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 8 1 986 


SPECTRUM 


FASHION 1 


From milk round 
to gravy train 




III the carefree 1970s, many students 
felt that graduation was a magic 
ceremony opening the way to a host 
of employers offering glamorous jobs 
and clamouring to pay exotic sala- 
ries. Graduates now take a far more 
professional attitude towards finding 
work. 

Golden hellos and exploding offers 
are among the exotic mating cries 
with which employers lore Britain's 
new graduates on to their pay rolls 
each spring. The students take them 
seriously. Their nets are spread wide 
these days. They have long ago 
joined their college industrial societ- 
ies. attended presentations, booked 
their holiday courses, boned up on 
company records. 

High nnemploytnent is only part of 
the explanation. It is dear that 
students think aboet jobs much 
earlier than they used to. Indeed, 
most of (he large employers have 
already completed their recruiting 
for this year. 

This hunt for talent traditionally 
dabbed “the milk round" started as 
early as February. Some companies 
restricted their attentions to the 
“blue chip" universities such as 
Durham and Bristol while others 
were even more particular and visited 
only Oxford and Cambridge. The 
recruiting round has been a profit- 
able time for hotels, transformed into 
bazaars of video presentations and 
free cocktails for several weeks. 

The first interviews were mainly 
general chats, with the next stage a 
more rigorous second interview, usu- 
ally at rhe firm’s head office. During 
this time two days of management 
' games, verbal and numeracy tests 
and an introduction to the company 
may have included a trip to the firm’s 
psychologist. 

Gilt-edged carrots have been dan- 
gled by some companies to attract the 
more talented students. One Ameri- 
can investment bank pays £1,000 
when an offer is accepted immediate- 
ly (a “golden hello"). With each 
week that passes since the original 
offer, the sum decreases as the 
candidate dithers (an “exploding 
offer"). But most students frown on 

ALEXANDRA HOGG 
Age: 21 

Education: Dame Allan's Girls’ 
School. Newcastle-upon-Tyne 
Si Catharine’s College. Cambridge 
(Ft la geography, Pt lb natural 
sciences Pi 2 engineering with man- 
agement studies) 

Job: Deloitte. Haskins & Sells 

Alexandra Hogg faced the hardest 
decision for any woman: a choice 
between suitors. Four of the biggest 
chartered accountancy firms - Price 
Waterhouse. Deloitte Haskins & 
Sells. Touche Ross and Coopers & 
Lybrand — offered places on their 
three-year training schemes, each 
with a starting salary of £8,000. after 
"milk round" interviews. She chose 
Dcloittes. 

Ten per cent of graduates now 
embark on careers in accountancy. 
"Several of my friends have ended 
up with three or four job offers", she 
says. “It’s very obvious, as a 
prospective employee, that the big 
firms are fighting furiously to give 
the best impression. All offer much 
the same." 

The image of accountancy as dull 
is a myth, she says. “I’ll have a 
professional qualification that can 
take me anywhere. I’ve seen friends 
bored stiff after six months in 
merchant banking. leaving to train as 
accountants, eating their words in 
doing so." 

Alexandra's varied choice of de- 
gree subjects reflects her own open- 
mindedness about her career. Unlike 
many of her friends, she waited until 


Finals are over, results 
are in and the battle 
by employers and 
graduates alike to fill 
the top jobs is drawing , 
to a close. In the first 
of a two-part series, 
Fiona Maddocks finds 
out how the modem 
graduate deals with 
the serious and 
professional business 
of career hunting 
and hard interviews 


such practices. “It’s a good way of 
paying off one’s debt in the college 
bar. Bnt do companies really imagine 
we’d fall for such baits?" one student 
said. 

For the more opportunistic or 
extrovert, the milk round has plenty 
of perks. There’s the chance to «m 1»» 
contacts and to sample good food and 
wine. Tales of drinking Dorn 
Perignon all night in Mayfair are 
scarcely exaggerated. Students have 
been grateful for a chance to brash np 
on their interview technique before 
facing favoured employers. Fre- 
quency they have ended np with 
several offers. 

But many undergraduates have 
found the milk round n stressful 
experience. Job interviews had to be 
juggled around preparation for 
finals. One graduate described the 
process as “eight weeks of heU. Some 
interviewers are needlessly sadistic. 
You come oat feeling magged". 


Companies taking part in the 
in Ok round have been adopting a 
heavy American East Coast influ- 
ence, and include such catch-phrases 
as meritocracy, high, pressure, ana- 
lytical content and transferable 
skills. 

For those graduating in 1986, the 
prospects of finding work are good. 
University graduates fare better than 
those from polytechnics, with Oxford 
and Cambridge still taking the 
highest proportioa of top jobs. Male 
arts graduates have been experienc- 
ing most difficulty, hut anyone with 
technical or numerate ability has 
been in demand. With graduate 
numbers falling and 30 per cent more 
firms wanting to reenrit this year, 
many students still have a wide 
choice of possibilities. 

The most popular areas for lop- 
calibre graduates have been the City, 
accountancy and information tech- 
nology. Industry has a better image 
than before, but still suffers acute 
shortages of applicants in some 
areas. And American investment 
banks have replaced British mer- 
chant banks for glamour, competi- 
tion and exorbitant salaries. 

Teaching is unpopular, while the 
Civil Service, once the Mecca of high 
intellect, has lost most of its charm. 
In 1985, only 55 Cambridge gradu- 
ates took Civil Service posts, the 
lowest figure for 10 years. 

Mr Bill Kirkman, secretary of 
Cambridge University Careers Ser- 
vice, blamed this decline on its Yes 
Minister image. “The continual deni- 
gration of tie Civil Service by its 
political masters has taken its toll on 
applicants", he said. “But there's 
also a wider range of intellectually 
demanding jobs available with better 
pay and prospects." 

For aU the success stories, howev- 
er, there are numerous sad cases 
whose applications are all rejected. 
The moral of the milk round, as one 
triumphant student put it, is that 
bragging pays dividends: “As 1 see it, 
there's no point being British about 
it Yon have to turn yourself into a 
high-class whore and peddle like 
ML Then everyone's after yon." 



NEIL HAYWARD 
Age: 21 

Education: Sir Joseph 
Williamson's Mathematical School 
for Boys. Rochester. Kent 
Corpus Christi College. Oxford 
(history) 

Job: Has accepted place in 
Midland Bank's new corporate 
personnel division . 

Starting salary: £10.400 a year 


“The main thing I wanted out of 
Oxford was a job. I spent three weeks 
filling in forms. At one stage, 1 
travelled to London for second 
interviews so regularly I knew all the 
commuters on the train. I never 
doubted I'd get a job. 

“1 always intended to go into 
banking or personnel — something 
challenging, but secure. Merchant 
tanks didn’t appeal. The salaries 
may be massive now, but a bank 


could suddenly collapse altogether.' 

. His final choice was based largely 
on interview. “Some of my inter- 
viewers were appallingly vague. I’d 
prepared myself for astute lines of 
questioning. Instead I was asked 
senseless things like who in the world 
I'd like to be. But at Midland, they 
took a far more challenging, aggres- 
sive approach." 

Having offered him a job. Mid- 
land invited Neil to attend a 24-hour 
personnel assessment course in Sur- 
rey. then offered the position in their 
corporate personnel division. “Even 
though the organization is huge, I 
won't be machined into a job that 40 
others are doing. I'll be shaping the 
job for myself. None of the other 
banks offered that opportunity." 

He expects to stay with Midland 
several years. “It's up to them to 
keep me busy. I'm interested in 
money, but I wouldn't switch be- 
cause of it." And of course there is 
the lure of a cheap mortgage. 

Mfchafll Manrt 



the end of her second year before 
thinking about jobs, preferring to 
follow her own interests while she 
had the opportunity. By her final 
year, however, she had joined the 
industrial Society and opted for a 
management studies course, with an 
eye to the future. 

In spile of her scientific back- 
ground. her ambitions lie in tbe 
theatre. “I'd like to become manag- 
ing director of the Royal Shake- 
speare Company. Everyone tells me 
accountancy is the best training for 
it.” 


IAN GLADMAN 
Age: 21 

Education: Dulwich College 
Christ’s College. Cambridge 
(history) 

Job: Has accepted place at Morgan 
Guaranty 

Starting salary: £16.000 

“I’m more ambitious than anyone I 
know, but it took quite a few 
interviews before I cracked the fact 
that you have to tell people you're a 
star. I was offered jobs by several 


merchant and investment banks. I 
had to ask which would give me the 
best training. 

“I don't want to trade Eurobonds 
the rest of my life. I'm looking for 
high pressure, hard work, early 
responsibility, quick promotion and 
high pay-” 

Having already taken holiday 
work in tanking, lan bad no 
difficulty in securing second inter- 
views. “At Warburg's I attended a 
whole day's presentation but didn't 
feel they were good enough to train 
me. At KleinworTs they caught me 


out by asking, at the end of the 
interview, whether I remembered 
their names. [ said no and just kept 
walking. I was rejected." 

He chose Morgan Guaranty, im- 
pressed by the high pay- the promise 
of six months’ training in New York 
and the knowledge that 70 percent of 
its graduate recruits are still there. 

( tomorrow ) 

How the employers set 
about selection 


Dicing with life and death in the desert 


A 1 2-year-old child in a 
British secondary school 
thinks himself into the mind 
of an African desert nomad. 

In from of him. his BBC 
Micro flashes up a map of 
North Africa. The countryside 
‘ is divided into coloured 
squares, running from green 
for good arable land to yellow 
for desen. 

Starting with a fixed num- 
ber of camels, goats and cattle, 
the player has. during the 
course of a year, or 1 82 moves 
in what is billed as the first 


How a new computer 
game will teach 
British pupils about 
the fight for survival 
in the Third World 

computer game about devel- 
opment. to travel round his 
inhospitable desert environ- 
ment.' negotiating a series of 
climatic bureaucratic and 
other problems. 


CONCISE CROSSWORD NO 996 


ACROSS 

1 Road surface (6) 

5 Occupied (4) 

8 Yoke neck filling (5] 

9 Confound (7) 

11 Noi southwards (S) 
13 Den (4) 

15 Going round (13) 

17 Prepare (4) 

18 Nominator (8) 

21 Lung air sacs (7) 

22 Vcrv large thing (S) 

23 Clothed (4) 

24 Fatal (6) 


DOWN 

2 Cutter shaft (5) 

3 Cut grass (3) 

4 Causing disagree- 
ments 3) 

5 Fillet (4) 

6 Course subjects (7) 

7 Horn of plenty (101 
10 Valuables area (10) 



12 Due lime (4) 

14 Card-match game (4) 
16 Faith reawakening 
(71 


19 Bouncy Brazilian 
dancv(S) 

20 Gangster (4) 

22 Black lignite (3). 


SOLI TION TO NO 995 

ACROSS: I Datum 4 Low down 8 Flair 9 Neglect 10 Sanitise It 
waif 13 Femme fatal 17 Odds 18 Beverage 21 Bambini 22 Elite 23 
Ducking 24*nglc 

DO\*N: 1 Defuse 2 Train 3 Maritime 4 Long-suffering 5 Wage 6 
y' 0311 12 Ei cetera 14 Endemic 15Tortid 16 Recede 19. 

4ging 20 Mini 


The computer throws up a 
number of variables, such as 
rain or an animal epidemic. 
(The BBC Micro's 32K capaci- 
ty is used to the full as its 
sound facility imitates a 
steady downpour.) With rain, 
the wells fill up and the young 
nomad's cattle multiply. 
Without rain, they die. If this 
happens, the computer lets 
out an eerie screech. 

At the end of the year the 
player is presented with a 
print-out assessing his perfor- 
mance and giving the tally of 
his animal wealth. 

There are additional role 
games, involving a female 
villager and a government 
officer. 

In the villager game, the 
participant has to choose eight 
out of 14 development 
schemes which might benefit 
her people. The population of 
her village is stated at the sun. 
She then has to allocate time 
to schemes such as irrigation 
and hygiene classes. A clock in 
the comer of ihe computer 
screen licks away as. simulta- 
neously. a multiple graph 
provides information on how 
each scheme improves life in 
the village. At the end of the 
game the revised population is 
given. 

In the government officer 
game, the player has to spend 
the state's money on a variety 
of schemes. The object to is to 
maximize the cultivation of 
cash crops, earnings from 
foreign exchange, and finally, 
balance the budget 

The whole package, called 
Sand Harvest, been pio- 
' :i' 


Tony Sepafl 



Finger on tbe button: making a wrong move could prove fatal 


nee red by one of Britain's 
most respected but least- 
known development agencies, 
the Centre for World Develop- 
ment Education (CWDEL in 
conjunction with Longman 

Micro Software. 

Sand Harvest launched to- 
day. is not cheap at £30 
including VAT and postage, 
but the price does cover four 
comprehensive background 
booklets — one for each of the 
role-players and one for the 
organizers. 

These booklets tie the game 
to one particular country’. 
Mali. The organizers' manual •• 


provides follow-up discussion 
material on topics, which 
cannot be tackled in the game, 
such as the role of Islam in 
Mali. 

The CWDE. with financial 
assistance - from the 
Gulbenkian Foundation and 
Christian Aid. has been devel- 
oping Sand Harvest for three 
years. Considerable time and 
effort has gone into testing the 
package in schools ' and 
colleges. 

Project co-ordinator Eliza- 
beth Sega II now looks forward 
to Sand Harvest being used in 
schools and youth groups* try 


children aged from 10 
upwards. 

The game's launch comes as 
CWDE’s own future remains 
in the balance. Timothy 
Raisen. Minister for Overseas 
Development, is due to pro- 
nounce before the end of the 
summer on whether the Gov- 
ernment will continue to pro- 
vide the centre with the 
funding it needs to survive. 

Since starting 10 years ago, 
CWDE has had a hand-to- 
mouth existence as govern- 
ment aid agencies and others 
have argued about where re- 
sponsibility for development 
education lies. 

The Overseas Development 
Administration's £l00.000-a- 
ycar grant is due io end in 
March next year and the 
Government has said that it 
wants CWDE to look to 
private means for its funding. 

In March 1984 CWDE’s 
fortunes appeared to look up 
when it received over £80.000 
from a gala performance of 
Andrew Lloyd Webbers mu- 
sical Starlight Express. But 
Iasi summer it suffered a 
setback when it was forced to 
spend more than £70.000 
fighting dry rot in its Victoria 
headquarters. 

The campaign has since 
moved to smaller offices in 
north London, where it will 
save £36.000 on establishment 
costs. Three of its full-time 
staff have been made redun- 
dant (eight remain). New ef- 
forts are being made to raise 
non-government funds. 

Andrew Lycett 

iri Timw NmuMn LM..19B6 


Cut . . . 


Textile students are making a better : 
show than their f ashion counterparts 
this year with folios bulging with' 
creative ideas, and it is Scotland that, . 
is showing the way for British design 


L ast week, five Scot- 
tish colleges staged a 
joint design show 
that should be a bea- 
con for other' art 
schools. Boldly-printed fab- 
rics. subtle weaves, ceramics, 

I jewellery, duvets and table 
napkins were all shown on a 
circular stage in front of an 
audience that included Prin- 
cess Anne and Malcolm 
Rifkind. Secretary of State for 
Scotland. 

The idea was to show in 
London the wealth of design 
talent in Scotland. The show, 
sponsored by the Scottish 
Development Agency, suc- 
ceeded, as so few college 
shows do. in making d e s ign 
seem relevant, important and. 



Bold fabric image using woodcut 
by Ranald Sheirfffs of Dundee, 
graduating to RCA 

desirable to the whole of lift, 
rather than isolated in the 
fashionable wardrobe. 

“No one gives enough credit 
to what textiles do for a 
garment". Zandra Rhodes 
said as we watched printed 
table cloths shaken out on 
stage, patterned umbrellas 
twirl, and simple modern 
garments leap to fife in print 
The most classic men's suits 
were given a cutting edge of 
style in the tactile tweeds and 
richly-coloured weaves. 

Cut versus cloth is the great 
divide this^ummer. when the 
college fashion shows have 
been generally disappointing 
and the textile students excep- 
tionally strong. Or perhaps it 
is rather that the fashion 
students put all the focus on 
presenting and styling a hand- 
ful of garments, while the flat 
artists’ folios of their textile 
colleagues seem to bulge with 
creative imagination. 

Scotfree, the joint Scottish 
college show, was devised by 
Mike! Rosen, a fashion show 
presenter who taught for five 
years at Middlesex Polytech- 
nic and understands how to 
brief and encourage students. 
Working with Patricia Berry, 
of the Scottish Trade Centre; 
Rosen gave a time frame to 
the show. Each of the five 
colleges — at Glasgow, 
Galashiels. Aberdeen. Edin- 
burgh and Dundee — was 
given a time of day as a focus. 
Rosen was then able to show 
Glasgow's extraordinary 
printed felts or delicate devore 
fabrics alongside complimen- 
tary sculptures, primed tex- 
tiles on restaurant lunch tables 
and Dundee's imaginative 
prints climbing into bod. 

“We want to show how 
much talent there is in interior 
design and textiles, rather than 
just fashion", says Patricia 
Berry. who envisaged the 
show and worked on it for 
eight months. The Scottish 
T rade Centre is backing up the 
show from tomorrow with an 
exhibition of student work 
that manufactuers and com- 
mercial studios can study in 
detail. Many colleges hold 
similar displays, which are 


often more seriousand imfjor- 
tant than the end-of-tenn 
fashion show: 

Is the annual jamboree;of 
catwalk shows really neces- 
sary? The Royal College of Art - 
has turned its leavers* show 
into a gala fund-raisiilg event, 
even though many established : 
designers would be nervous of 
such a showbiz spotlight. In 
spite of the odd flashes: of 
colour and fun. and -capsule 
collections from Royal Col- 
lege graduates, no one. could, 
really fill the stage or bold the 
attention. The resulting feel- 
ing of disappointment .is un- 
fair and unfortunate : to a - 
college which prides rtself on- 
feeding fashion's voracious 
creative appetite. •• . 

The St Martin’s Collegeof 
Art show has become an^veat 
on the fashion calendar, with 
Jasper Conran and hat-maker 
Stephen Jones- there to be seat 
- as well as to seethestudents: I : 
would like to see a third of the 
work weeded oiri: (especially 
the carbon copie&ofAzzedihe 
Alala skirts), thus concentrat- 
ing the. show on the genuine 
creative talent. .. Lydia 
Keraeny, the principal, whije 
accepting that the show 1 runs 
too long, says; that it is unfair 
to pre-select, as part, of: the 
final assessment is- On- the 
student's ability topresentthe 
work. . 

If the purpose of the end-of- 
term show is. to. help students. - 
to geLjobs in the industry. I 
am not sure that a : catwalk 
show necessarily spotlights thp 
most talented. Since the medi- 
um spells out the message, it ! 
must also favour fashion over 
textile students. „ . ' 

Fashion shows are expen- 
sive to mount. College teach- 
ing staff, who have already 
taken on the extra bunkn of 
job placement . now r find 
themselves raising spon- 
sorship to back the shows. 
Inter-departmental rivalries, 
and a feeling that colleges are 
in competition with each otte 
er for dwindling government 
support .and a decreasing 
number of jobs in the indus- 





mm 


' 

V fix* ! 


Designer jewellery at the > 
Scotfree show: acrylic bangle by 
Moira McKenzie of Fife: nylon 
jewels by Simon Fraser •< 

try. discourage joint efforts — 
although tbe Inner London 
Education Authority stages a 
show of six London colleges 
tomorrow at County HalL 
The design talent in Scot- 
land _ is echoed throughout 
Britain in colleges from Liver? 
pool to Brighton who showm 
far-flung venues over a five- . 
week period. The out-of-town 
colleges put in a great deal of 
effort, yet it is hard to view 
more than a handful or to' 
compare their woik reaJisrical- . 
ly. If the colleges could work - 
together to show in one week, 
and ideally in one venue, the. 
impact would be greater. 
Scotfree in London is at 
the Scottish Trade Centre, 17. 
Cockspur Street. SWl . : 
from tomorrow until July SI. 


1946-1986 
SALE 


40 YEARS OF LOVELY FABRICS 

SST^SRSb w-ssf 

sat s-i 


t 




Nina Campbell Ltd 

9 Walton Street London SW3 2JD 

SALE 

COMMENCES 

9.30am Wednesday 9 July 
( For 7 Days) . 








* i 


\S.4 


*•9 





* 









THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 8 1986 



. gives 


I*: 



cloth 


Sharp tailoring was the key to St Martin's 
show (Rebecca Tyrrel writes). Body- 
conscious suits, coats and dresses, inset 
with pleats or finished with fish tails, 
opened the graduate designs. There were 
rag dolls, gangsters, Dickensian doctors 
and flamenco dancers. Rifat Ozbek and 
Jean Paul Gaultier strongly influenced 
much of the students' work, but behind 
. the mardi gras atmosphere, well-cut 
clothes and strong shapes followed 
fashion's return to the body-conscious. 
Aaron Wilson's draped jersey dresses and 
wool crepe jackets over sunray pleated 
skirts made a fresh, sophisticated collec- 
tion, while Tony Cfosbie's menswear 
featured voluminous Las Vegas suits 
appliqued with sequinned paisleys. 

Above: Grey flannel coat and Napoleonic hat 
by Clive Westerinan of St Martin's 

Right: Face-printed nightshirt and patterned 
' , bed .linen byF^rgnce Nelson from Dundee 


COMMENT 


Simon Richardson 

4 1 believe that design 
education, through the 
attitudes and expecta- 
tions it creates, does not 

serve young designers 
as well as it might. 1 believe, 
too, that the British fashion 
industry, in my experience 
hidebound, incompetent ana 
la ck in g in iMtegrity or virion, is 
also greatly to blame for the 
poor performance of Britain's 
yomjg designers. 

Fashion is taught with a 
two-dimensional bias. Stu- 
dents graduate with fall design 
sketchbooks and aU-bnt-emp- 
ty cutting and construction 
notebooks. They are taught in 
a system geared to preparing 
them for working as assistants 
in huge companies, in a coun- 
try where they will have to set 
up business on their own. Even 
the basis of sound fi nanci al 
management is neglected. 

Design grad nates enter an 
industry that is fragmented. 
Integrity is lacking. Young 
designers gain orders from 
shops, only to have designs 
poorly manufactured by 
factories. 

Management and adminis- 
tration is done by people with 
a traditional business ap- 
proach where the product is 
unchanged from year to year, 
British design talent has been 
used by our foreiga competi- 
tors to grow rich. But it is their 
ability to direct that talent that 
has helped them. 

A business-like attitude is 
expected from young design- 
ers, but the industry itself 
makes it difficult. Miay tex- 
tile Companies are unwOUng to 
deal with students. 

The problem is that educa- 
tion has failed to keep pace 
with altered circumstances. 
The present system that cul- 
minates in a lavish degree 
show encourages vouns de- 
signers to act like 

have backing and organiza- 
tion. The industry is waking 
up to the fact that it is 
easier to give a designer 
training in business 
than a businessman 
t raining in design. 

Simon Richardson, a former 
Middlesex Poly student, is now 
a freelance fashion designer 



Floral fanrfrHK cotton evening dress and flower circlet headdress, from Laura Ashley 


muting 

3 


Flower power is back in 
fashion for summer fra- 
grances. First in the corn field 
is Estee Lauder's Beautiful, 
with its graceful blend ofZOOO 
flowers and herbs, including 
the gentle jasmin and the 
powerful tuber rose. 

Old-fashioned girls will 
come up smelling of roses, 
honey or even Cox's apples. 
The first three fragrances have 
been recreated from original 
formulae by Crabtree and 
Evelyn; the scent of Apple 
joins South Sea Island Flowers 
and the romantically named 
l'Elisir (T Am ore. all using the 
nature-knows-best concept of 
blended fruit, flowers and 
hobs. 

Next's new fragrance range 


Scented 

garden 

also says it with flowers with a 
bunch of floral bouquets bo- 
tanically named as Floribunda 
- blending rose, freesia, 
jasmin and Hlac — Lilium and 
Lonerica (wild honeysuckle). 
Created for Next by Molton 
Brown, the prettily-packaged 
bottles of eau de toilerae cost 
£9.99 from Next branches. 

Fabergi did not just create a 
fragrance, it landscaped a 
garden to launch it in. It 
commissioned garden design- 


er Michael Baiston to create a 
Fleurs du Monde garden full 
of delicate blooms for the 
Chelsea Flower Show in May. 
The sweet smells of bluebell, 
hyacinth and rose linger on in 
the Fleurs du Monde 
fragrance. 

June was roses all the way. 
and their fragrance is captured 
in the manufacturers’ power- 
ful essential oils. The 
Perfumer’s Wortehop's Tea 
Rose now comes in full bloom 
as a perfume in a beautiful 
crystal flacon with a Lalique 
rosebud stopper. The quarter- 
ounce bottle sells at £40. but 
you can splash on the scent of 
roses more cheaply with the 
eau de toilette at just £12.95 
fora loz bottle. 


If 









SALE 


Starts tomorrow 9am to 7pm 

BUY A FUR NOW 
AT OFF SEASON PRICES 
AND WEIL STORE IT F 

UNTIL OCTOBER '86 


Furs from Grosvenor Canada. Harrods ^ 

Hie examples listed here a e ^ prjce 

all Half Price or less. 

Illustrated: £ 5,500 £2.750 

Pastel Female Mink coat 

Not shown: £7,795 £3,895 

Mink Tweed coat £3,750 £1,850 

Dark Mink coatwith fox trim £1?g5 5995 

"Blue Fox jacket £3,995 £1,495 

«sas*f— *«aa o §| 

■gKSES, 

Hssis- gs a® 

Coyote coat 


Harrods 
Usual Sale 
Price Price 

Fitch and Mink coat £5,995 £2,495 

Stranded Rtch coat £9,725 . £3,995 

Dark Female Mink jacket £3,500 £1,750 

Fur Salon. First Floor Personal shoppers only. 

All reductions are from Harrods Usual Prices. 
Credit Sale Agreements No deposit. 24 equal 
monthly payments (APR 24.8%). Interest free if 
you settle within 10 months. Ask for written details. 
Sale Opening Hours Wednesday 9th July 9am 
to 7pm. Thursday 10th to Saturday 19th July 
9am to 6pm. Monday 21st July to Friday 1st 
August 9am to 5pm. Wednesdays 9am to 7 pm, 
Saturdays 9am to 6pm. 




I a fesraaas 


>1 

k 

it 

r. 


5 O.S a 5 P n 5 ti-<< r f ™ i .• naaunnvn^s a ft o a y Ofr << T'B,Tf5 3>< 







Time for honest talk on Aids 


THE TIMES 
DIARY 


Out of the 
liner fire 


Cruise passengers could soon be 
bugged by their crew if radical 
measures now being proposed to 
fight Ach file Lauro-style attacks 
against passenger ships and ports 
arc introduced. Violence at Sea. a 
report due to be released later 
today by the International Cham- 
ber of Commerce and the Inter- 
national Maritime Bureau, calls 
for security to be brought in line 
with the strict precautions taken 
by airlines and airports. Apart 
from on-board camera and micro- 
phone surveillance, proposals in- 
clude electronic screening of 
boarding passengers and their 
luggage, automatically locking 
doors sealing off areas which can 
be flooded with water or gas. 
hidden alarm buttons and. for 
ships deemed most at risk, 
plainclolhed security men or 
armed “sea marshals”. Eric Ellen, 
director of the 1MB. says that 
cruise ships are soft targets and 
governments and shipping 
companies have a moral obliga- 
tion to protect passengers. 


Biters bit 


Since the Church and the co-ops 
conjoined to quash Sunday shop 
opening for the umpteenth time, 
the disappointed champions of 
reform take malicious pleasure in 
notifying me of two develop- 
ments. Salisbury Cathedral has 
applied to the local authority for a 
permit to allow its bookshop to 
open on the Sabbath, when others 
in the city would face prosecution 
for selling so much as a Bible. And 
in Derbyshire Ilkeston co-op is in 
court this morning charged with 
the illegal sale on Sundays of 
holidays by one of its travel 
bureaux. “We don't understand 
it”, a co-op spokesperson said 


yesterday. “We sold holidays on 
Sundays' in Nottinghamshire too. 
and there was no suggestion of any 
prosecution there". 


No, minister 


The Department of the Environ- 
ment is fast building a reputation 
for minor clangers. Only fast week, 
members of the local authority 
associations were mystified by the 
request for a second annual rate 
support grant meeting, promptly 
cancelled as being due to an 
“administrative error". Now I 
discover a second letter, this lime 
a reply 10 a harangue from 
Islington Labour leader Margaret 
Hodge. Ms Hodge has for the past 


three years claimed that figures 
built into the housing grant have 


built into the housing grant have 
penalized those authorities with 
large council slocks and 
accompanying high rent arrears. 
Imagine her surprise, therefore, 
when outgoing Environment Sec- 
retary Kenneth Baker wrote back 
saying he agreed. Luckless private 
secretary Robin Young hastily 
scribbled off another letter “In the 
Secretary of State’s letter to you of 
April 1 1*1 am afraid thau owing to 
a typing error, the word “not” was 


omitted from the sentence begin- 
ning on the final line of the first 


ning on the final line of the first 
page. That sentence should have 
read: ‘But I was not 
convinced . . ” 


BARRY FANTONJ 



•Yes, he's a lot better. The regular 
doses of publicity seem to be working' 


Multiverbalized 


Teachers in Ealing must have left 
a lecture yesterday on community 
issues in education with their 
heads reeling. Maurice Lynch's 
subject had so excited the borough 
community education “team” 
that it wrote to schools beforehand 
to brief them: “The recent super- 
imposition of ancient and mainly 
oriental religions on a substan- 
tially post-Christian society pre- 
occupied with ecological threats 
posits an education dynamic that 
is more complex than the osten- 
sible challenge of teaching about 
many religions.” And this is the 
big question: “Is R.E. in essence 
any more than a courteous nod to 
a multicultural society 
pragmatized into vegetarianism 
by a providential leak in a nuclear 
reactor?” Use both sides of the 
paper. 


The ball is over 


1 am declaring the innings closed 
on the highest-score-in-an-over 
debate, and not before time. A 
reader berates me for not already 
knowing about the pre-war village 
fixture during which a batsman 
cleared the boundary with a 
mighty stroke, and the ball lodged 
firmly between the coals in a 
passing rail truck. Once again, the 
ball was not declared lost as its 
whereabouts was known. But. as 
you will be aware if you have been 
following this correspondence, 
there was nothing especially new 
about that. The difference is that 
in this match, the batsmen had no 
need to run. The scorer entered 
the innings total as "infinite”, and 
the fielding side, inevitably. IosL 


PHS 


We were warned about Aids in the 
United Kingdom but have been 
too slow in mounting a pro- 
gramme of health education. We 
have allowed prejudice to rule 
over concern for public health. 

The first case of Aids in 
homosexual men was reported in 
San Francisco when the propor- 
tion of homosexual males infected 
by the virus had already reached 
between 20 and 25 per cent This 
was in 1982. At that time, in 
London, the virus had probably 
infected 4 per cent of homosexual 
men. Yet it was not until 1986 that 
a programme of health education 
was started. By then the virus had 
spread to well over 25 per cent and 
British cases of Aids had started. 

Not all of those infected develop 
Aids but we have to assume that 
those carrying the virus are infec- 
tious to others. A particular 
concern is that the virus may have 
infected between 25 and 100 times 
as many people as those who have 
gone to doctors and hospitals. 

In London the proportion of 
homosexuals attending depart- 
ments of genito-urinary medicine 
or clinics for sexually transmitted 
diseases who are infected with the 
virus has risen from 4 per cent in 
1982 to 35 per cent in 1985. In 
provincial departments it has 
doubled from 5 to 10 per cent 
between 1984 and 1985. 

Drug addicts have always con- 
stituted more of a problem in the 
United States than in Europe. This 
is changing. In 1985 surveys 


Michael Adler says it is far too 
late for British squeamishness 


showed that 76 per cent of addicts 
in Italy. 32 percent in Switzerland 
and 10 percent in the UK were in- 
fected with the virus and in one 
general practice in Edinburgh the 
figure was as high as 50 per cent 
Since both drug addicts and some 
homosexual men (about 10-15 per 
cent are bisexual) engage in 
heterosexual intercourse, the virus 
can spread to women and from 
them to babies. 


No cure or vaccine is available. 
The cost of looking after a patient 
from lime of diagnosis to death is 
considerable. In the United States, 
depending on the city, the cost 
ranges from S24.000 to S 140.000. 
In central London it is £6.700. 
Clearly, it not only makes' medical 
but also economic sense to pre- 
vent transmission of the virus. 


Health education is the corner- 
stone. Prevention rather than cure 
must be our watchword. So far the 
government has allocated £2.6 
million for health education. An 
extensive programme was de- 
signed. but only part of it — 
modified in language — has been 
put into effect. All we are seeing is 
inexplicit advertisements in news- 
papers. It is not enough. 

The campaign will have to use 
explicit terms. Advertisements 


will have to be placed on tele- 
vision and radio: material will 
have to be put through letterboxes. 
Why have the authorities not 
launched such a campaign? 

The answer is, bluntly, that sex 
(and worse, homosexual sex) and 
drug addiction are involved. 
These are issues that tear at the 
fabric of family life, so beloved of 
our present government But the 
problem is not recent Our society 
has always failed to provide good 
health education and. especially, 
publicity on sex and related 
matters such as contraception. 
This is particularly so with sex- 
ually transmitted diseases. 

.There is a moral dilemma: 
instruction on how to avoid, say; 
gonorrhea is tantamount to en- 
couraging indiscriminate fornica- 
tion. Aids has occurred 
predominantly in homosexual 
men. It has not only damaged that 
group's health and acceptance by 
the rest of the community, but it 
has tapped into society's natural 
homophobia. That has become an 
excuse for inertia. 

Cynics cannot be blamed for 
believing that had Aids arisen in 
heterosexuals and babies, society 
would have forced, and found 
politicians receptive to. a rapid 


response. As it is. our inertia w»JI 
mean that heterosexuals and ra- 
bies arc now truly at risk tnrougn 
transmission from infected bi- 
sexuals and drug addicts. 

Yet we have the infrastructure 
to produce a campaign- The 
Health Education Council exists 
for such a purpose. The Terrence 
Higgins Trust has done excellent 
work, by trying to educate homo- 
sexuals about the disease in an 
imaginative and direct manner. 
The two bodies should be allowed 
to work in tandem. 

Local initiatives should also 
encouraged and funded. Edura- 
tion should be directed towards 
male homosexuals and drag ad- 
dicts but also women who might 
be involved with a male bisexual 
and for whom vaginal intercourse 
might thus pose hazards. 

Direct language should be used, 
referring in colloquial terms to 
sexual techniques. The message 
has to be targeted and that means 
small-circulation papers and out- 
of-the-way magazines, notice- 
boards in clubs and hand-outs m 
pubs. The campaign must be 
taken out of the political arena and 
given to those with expertise. 

The squeamishness of poli- 
ticians is a barrier to action. How 
many more warnings do we need . 
The lime has come for humanitar- 
ian common sense to overcome 
prejudice and inertia. 

The author is professor of genito- 
urinary medicine, Middlesex Hos- 
pital and Medical School. 


Richard Long on why New Zealand has freed the two French agents 




Death ship: Dominique Prienr (top right) and Alain Mafart pleaded guilty to manslaughter after the attack on the Rainbow Warrior 


Wellington 

A year ago this Thursday, when 
two bombs ripped holes in the side 
of the Greenpeace protest ship 
Rainbow Warrior, sending it to 
the bottom of Auckland harbour, 
the reverberations spread around 
the world. 

Before long it emerged that the 
sinking, in which a man was 
killed, was the work of French 
saboteurs, acting on high orders to 
stop the ship from interfering with 
a French nuclear test. It was a 
crime that rocked the French 


After all the 


rhetoric, a 
vulnerable deal 


government. 

Bui now. on the eve of the 
anniversary, new reverberations 
threaten the New Zealand pre- 
mier. David Lange — because a 
deal has been struck to free a 
Frenchmen and woman jailed for 
their part in the highly emotional 
affair. 

The two became dramatic sym- 
bols to New Zealanders. At least 
five agents from the French secret 
service, the DGSE and possibly as 
many as 15 look part in the 
sabotage operation. 

Some flew to New Zealand as 
tourists, such as Dominique 
Prieur and Capt Alain Mafart. 
who pretended to be a honeymoon 
couple called Sophie and Alain 
Turenge. Others came in a New 
Caledonian yacht, the Ouvea. 
smuggling in explosives and div- 
ing equipment. 


been whisked to Tahiti in a French 
nuclear submarine. 

The French government at first 
denied involvement and then 
issued an official whitewash 
known as the Tricot Report But 
in the end when their guilt was 
proved, the French defence min- 
ister and the head of the secret 
service were dismissed. 


tion by the United Nations sec- 
retary-general, Javier Perez de 
Cuellar. Lange had to announce 
that Dominique Prieur and Alain 
Mafart are to be deported to the 
French atoll of Hao. north of the 
French nuclear testing site of 
Mururoa atoll. 


New Zealand justice 
was not for sale, the 
prime minister said 


The Turenge couple were 
picked up by police just two days 
after the sabotage. The Ouvea 
yachtsmen had sailed away, were 
tracked by police to Norfolk 
Island, north-east of New Zealand, 
but were released for lack of 
evidence. Samples taken from the 
yacht later showed evidence of 
explosives having been stored 
aboard, but by this time the yacht 
had disappeared — scuttled in 
mid-Pacific — and her crew had 


The New Zealand police had a 
trump card in Dominique Prieur 
and Alain Mafart. 

Last November they pleaded 
guilty in Auckland to charges of 
manslaughter and wilful damage 
to a ship and were each sentenced 
to 10 years' imprisonment 

The New Zealand public had 
reacted with incredulity and then 
with outrage as the drama un- 
folded. David Lange found it 
politically useful to fan the senti- 
ment. His government was — and 
still is — involved in a row with 
Washington over its refusal to 
admit nuclear-powered and 
nuclear-capable warships to New 
Zealand ports. 

Lange accused the French of 
indulging in state-sponsored ter- 
rorism. Their action, he said, 
showed the desperation of nuclear 
powers. He demanded an apology 
from then prime minister. Laurent 
Fabius, and President Mitterrand, 
suggesting approval for the opera- 
tion had come from the top. 

In the aftermath of the Affair 
Greenpeace, it was the French 
government that looked shaky. 
But last night it was Lange who 
looked uneasy. Following arbitra- 


Lange commented that their 
destination was “an exquisite 
irony that will not be lost on the 
French”, but his electorate may 
not be so amused. Political polls in 
New Zealand have been strongly 
opposed to the release of the 
agents. 


Finally came a ban on 
lamb's brains, 
a delicacy in France 


And indeed Lange’s past rheto- 
ric has been studded with prom- 
ises to this effect The agents 
would not be released during the 
lifetime of his government he 
pledged on several occasions last 
year. New Zealand justice was not 
for sale, he said. There would be 
no deal with the French. 

The French made it clear they 
wanted their agents out They took 
the view that the agents were mere 
pawns in the exercise and were 
simply carrying out orders. To. 
satisfy public opinion in France, 
they must be released. 

The French government started 
a trade squeeze. First they can- 
celled contracts to supply New 
Zealand meat and potatoes to 
New Caledonia. Then there was a 


again. 

After the arbitration announce- 
ment. under which New Zealand 
is paid $7 million in compensa- 
tion. Lange all but admitted that 
his government had been forced 
into the deal because of the trade 
sanctions. 

His government did not want 
martyrdom, he said. There had 
been a choice of “pig-headedly 
charging forward to compound the 
damage” or resolving differences 
with France 

He argued that there was noth- 
ing pleasant about (he atoll of 
Hao. which he said rose to a height 
of only four feet above sea level 
and was a sort of French military 
dump.But the New Zealand oppo- 
sition leader. Jim Bo/ger, sug- 
gested that the agents were going 
into retirement in a pleasant 
Pacific paradise in the company of 
family and friends. 

“Quite simply, they have been 
given de facto freedom.” he said. 
"Mr Lange said the agents were 
not for sale, but the seven million 
dollars seems to be the modern 
version of 12 pieces of silver.” 

Bolger said Lange had made a 
fool of himself, had gone back on 
his word and had exposed the 
country to international ridicule. 

These charges are going to be 
difficult for Lange to counter, 
considering his earlier rhetoric 
The spectacle of a cave-in to trade 
sanctions will also raise concern 
about the same thing happening in 
his row with the United States 
over nuclear ships 


Just get this the right way down 


As Parliament moves towards 
recess and the time when min- 
isters hope to God that nothing 
will happen in die next two 
months to call them lock from the 
Mediterranean, it is difficult to tell 
whether the sudden absence of 
new developments in the long 
Land Rover-Sikorsky-Guinness- 
Peat- Allied Biscuiis-Westland-Al- 
lied Technology-Argyll-Fiat- 
Uniied Distillers-Allied Lyons 
saga (a) threatens or strengthens 
Mrs Thatcher’ s position, (b) is due 
to a genuine stalemate or just an 
agreement by all parties not to 
muck up the two months and (c) 
makes any sense at all. 


Let us at least attempt (c). Many 
people are still under the im- 
pression that the crisis erupted 
only when Westland was suddenly 
aware that the European con- 
sortium producing the EH 1 0 1 . the 
first helicopter really able to fly 
upside-down for long periods 
(Fokker. Fiat and the German 
Blohm & Voss yard, for this was 
primarily a naval helicopter), 
might beat its model -with, it 
was said by Sir Michael 
HazeJdine. then Secretary for Air 


and Water, the aid of Libyan 
money channelled through Fiat. 

It is now known, however, that 
the Anglo-Irish consortium 
Guinness-Peat had. many months 
earlier, almost accidentally solved 
the prior problem of a drink that 
could be drunk upside-down by 
the pilots. 

It was already known from early 
Nasa experiments that while it is 
quite easy, after some practice, for 
a man to swallow food while 
upside-down (this can easily be 
proved on the wall-bars of an 
ordinary gymnasium), it is impos- 
sible to swallow drink. Quite apart 
from the feet that it runs up the 
nose and gets in the hair, liquid 
simply will not go down, or rather 
up. the throat 

Guinness-Peat was originally 
formed, of course, to develop a 
process for making blodge (the 
solid residue of roast barley left 
after the liquor obtained in the 
mash tuns has been taken oft) into 
3 combustible fuel almost in- 
distinguishable from peat, and 
much cheaper than coal, as well as 
giving off a smoke said to “make 
people happy”. 


At the end of her successful 
battle with Mr Scargill. Mrs 
Thatcher did not relish the idea of 
such a rival to the embattled but 
now streamlined coal industry, 
and when she learned how a 
scientist accidentally left in a 
centrifuge in an experiment had 
been able to drink the residual 
ssennuig. as the concentrated last 
bit of blodge-liquor was chris- 
tened, in any physical position, 
she had no difficulty whatever in 
persuading Sir John to continue 
this research to a brilliantly 
successful conclusion. 

Meanwhile, however, the wily 
old Henri Dassault (who died 
recently), head of A6rospatiaIe- 
Prix-Unic. had set up a German- 
[ tali an subsidiary, SLT (Sur La 
Tete). to develop a revolutionary 
upside-down helicopter, the 
NH90. in a top-secret factory in 
Spain to get round EDC regula- 
tions. and had sent his son-in-law. 
Baron Bic-Anonyme. to London 
where, with Sir Michael Cockney, 
chairman of Land-Rover- 
Sikorsky's British end. as inter- 
mediary. he conducted even more 
secret negotiations with Aigyll- 


Distillers. then very close to an 
upside-down drinkable whisky. 

Equally meanwhile United Bis- 
cuits. under its dynamic chairman 
Sir John Hazeldine. had been 
working, in a typically British 
makeshift laboratory then housed 
in a Nissen hut. on developing the 
already known Upside-Down 
Pineapple Pudding into a real 
space-age Upside-down BiscuiL 

At the same time, or within a 
month or so. Adied-Lyons. under 
its dynamic chairman. Sir John 
Michael, launched its takeover bid 
for Allied Distillers with many 
full-page advertisements pointing 
out the obvious advantages of 
helicopter pilots, let alone space- 
men. remaining sober on their 
upside-down tea. 

During all this time. Sir Michael 
John, chairman of British Allied 
Upside-Down, has remained an 
enigmatic, silent figure in the 
background. Will he perhaps play 
the ultimate deciding role? We 
must wait two months, till he 
returns from his Mediterranean 
holiday, for the answer to that. 


Paul Jennings 



out to the US 


The sweeping parliamentary gains with headquarters in. San Ftan- 
registered on Sunday by Japan's cisco and very extensive’ Pacific 



halt to tinned kiwi fruit exports to 
France. French customs officers 
began slicing open New Zealand 
bales or wool, ostensibly and 
rather ludicrously in search of 
heroin. 

Finally came a ban on New 
Zealand lambs' brains, a delicacy 
in France but one with few other 
markets. 

Lange changed his tack earlier 
this yearand said the agents would 
not be “released to freedom”. 
Negotiations started with the 
French; were called off; started 


may prove a watershed, not only 
for the practice of a more forceful 
style of democratic leadership 
within the country, but also for a 
more active, political role for 
Japan in world affairs. For 
whether Yasuhiro Nakasone goes 
on to a third term as prime 
minister, or remains in office only 
briefly after October 31. bis elec- 
tion triumph virtually ensures that 
he can at die very least become die 
king-maker of the LDP. 

The election represents an un- 
mistakable vote of confidence in a 
leader who has made no secret of 
his ambition to steer Japan into a 
political role in world affairs 
commensurate with its economic 
strength. For if the recent Tokyo 
summit was. to most European 
leaders, chiefly about terrorism, 
exchange rates and interest rates. 

it was to the Japanese government 
a further step towards establishing, 
the parity of importance of the 
Asia-Pacific region with that of the 
Atlantic. 

For two compelling reasons — 
the one commercial, the other 
personal — the Reagan Admin- 
istration. unlike most of its Euro- 
pean counterparts, has already 
understood this new balance of 
power.Tfae Pacific Basin has for 
some time contained the most 
human and natural resources of 
any comparable region. With its 
spectacular growth over the past 
25 years — in the 1960s GNP per 
person grew in the Asia-Pacific 
region by 50 per cent and in the 
1 970s by 70 per cent — the Pacific 
now carries more trade than the 
Atlantic. With North American 
exports to the Pacific area equal- 
ling those to Europe, it is difficult 
to refute the rising relative im- 
portance of the Pacific to the US. 

Most observers are aware of the 
firm friendship between Nakasone 
and Reagan, who together preside 
over two-thirds of the GNP of the 
seven summit nations. Bui the 
personal links between the present 
US administration's top leader- 
ship with the Pacific long preceded 
the carefully nurtured Reagan- 
Nakasone partnership, which has 
held firm despite some pressing 
trade and currency problems. 

Not only and most obviously is 
Reagan a Californian and a former 
Governor of that state — with aU 
that that implies in implanting a 
Pacific perspective — but all his 
top foreign policy cabinet mem- 
bers have Pacific experience. The 
Secretaries of State. George 
Shultz, and of Defence. Caspar 
Weinberger, were both leading 
figures with Bechtel, the inter- 
national construction company 


Almost unnoticed by European 
leaders this Pacific-orientated 
administration had been- eonsis- 
- tently pursuing . its' quiet ^diplo- 
macy in a region whidt a decade 
ago, in the wake of the Vietnam 
era, had little confidence in US 
leadership. In Japan, the Associ- 
ation of South East Asian Nations, 
and Australasia. .US policy has 
been modestly successful, barring 
minor exceptions such as the New 
Zealand non-nuclear stand. With- 
out the powerful example of US 
democracy, and more particularly 
of its free economic institutions, 
. the spectacular economic p r o gr ess 
of Japan, South Korea and Tai- 
wan — and the only slightly less 
striking economic advances made 
by the ASEAN group. 7 the Phil- 
ippines excepted — would 
scarcely, have taken place. - 
With few exceptions European 
commentators interpreted the 
'Reagan tour to Bali as an exercise 
to alleviate presidential jerlag. No 
doubt it was. But. Bali is part of 
Indonesia, which in tum is^part of 
ASEAN, . America's: .fifth largest 
trading partner - Last -' year- -Sec- 
retary Shultz chose'., the ASEAN 
ministerial meeting as the venue 
for a major speech on global 
economic expansion, a flyer ut-fect 
for the Plaza Pact between rite 
Group of Five. As ASEAN: sees 
itreif as a bridge between theThird 
World and the Weston industrial 
nations, what more 1 natural step 
than for the president to lake them 
into his confidence 'before the 
Tokyo summit? ■: * ' 

But if a “Pacific tat” is discern- 


ible in US foreign policy; where, 
does that leave Europe? The 


does that leave Europe? The 
continent’s importance- to the. US 
has not so much been declining, 
but standing -still. At the moment 
there is no inherent conflict of 
interest between the Atlantic and 
the Pacific allies of the US: 
However, from the vantage, point 
of the Pacific. Nato looks like the 
Maginot Line all over again,' to 
which Europeans wish to retreat 
economically, culturally. and mfli- 
tarily. Though. 25 per cen t of the 
EECs GDP is exported, only a 
meagre 10 per cent of its trade is 
conducted outside Europe, 
whereas in the early 1980s the five 
principal members of ASEAN 
conducted 34 per cent of their 
trade outside the Pacific. 

While there is no realistic 
prospect of the US precipitately 
abandon ingits European commii- 
ments, they could be increasingly 
neglected in the future — particu- 
larly if the,: Pacific offers a more 
welcoming politic 81 and comnier- 
cial environment 


Digby Anderson 


right lessons 


The press gave much, though 
unsustained, attention to the latest 
thoughts of the Employment Min- 
ister. Kenneth Darke, on the inner 
cities, in which he appeared to 
advocate using tax and rate- 
payers' money to bribe contractors 
to employ, not those they cur- 
rently find the best employees, but 
those he thinks they should em- 
ploy. In order to secure govern- 
ment money allocated to inner 
cities, it appears, firms should 
employ labour on criteria of 
location and race, favouring 
blacks and Asians. 

If this were indeed the 
minister's intention, and if these 
are the sticks and carrots to make 
such an intention effective, it, like 
the "contract compliance” 
mooted last year, is approaching 
positivediscrimmation. in favour 
of one and inevitably against 
another group based on race or 
address rather than job suitability. 

But Darke swiftly assured us 
that no sticks would be used. And 
indeed, at central government 
level — though one cannot be so 
confident about the employment 
antics of some local councils —the 
sticks do not (yet) exist. There 
would be no "blacklist” of firms 
wayward enough to use their own 
judgement in recruiting. Quite 
what he does intend, however, was 
not so dear. 

The press did not comment on 
the other part of the story, in 
which Darke was said to wish to 
“create a black middle class". He 
had recently been to America, 
seen one. liked it and would like to 
“create” one here. For once, this is 
a case where thinking — more 
accurately, wishful thinking — 
could have done with a dose of 
reading in economics and sodol- 
ogy. We will pass by the highly 
questionable idea of "middle 
dass” being used to describe 
widely differing individuals: if we 
must use any description at alL let 
it be middle classes. But note in 
passing the preposterous notion 
that social strata, rather than 
emerging from complex, dispersed 
and spontaneous actions and val- 
ues. can be invented to the 
convenience of politicians. 

Pause to consider the offensive 
ignorance of the extensive black 
and Asian middle classes that 
already exist They have got where 
they are through their latent, work 
and sacrifice in the face of 
considerable obstades — not least 
those erected by politicians and 
bureaucrats to deter people keen 
10 start small businesses. 

But most of all the American 
lesson needs to be taken in full: 
not just by gazing at Wack middfe 
classes, but by reading those social -■ 
scientists who explain their origin. 
The US has been through a series ' 
of policies ranging from "colour- 


blindness"— avoiding negative 
1 discrimination by : equality of 
opportunity — through require- 
ment that government contractors 
take "positive” steps such as 
advertising jobs in black maga- 
zines. to what amounts to quotas 
with contractors having to identify 
areas in which ^protected groups"’ 
(blacks, Hispanics, women, work- 
ers over 50, Vietnam veterans and 
religious minorities) are “under- 
utilized”. 

The regulations refer to “goals” 
rather than quotas but given the 
competition for jobs they act as 
quotas, examples of positive 
discrimination — or, in the more 
illuminating American terminol- 
ogy. reverse discrimination.. The 
story is well told by Professor 
Kenneth Holland in his Reversing 
Racism: Lessons' from America. . 

The first American lesson is that 
the movement from, equal 
opportunity to quotas has been a 
muddled slide, rather than a clear 
division. Well-intentioned efforts 
easily end as reverse racism. The 
second lesson is that the expan- 
sion of the US black middle 
classes took place before, and not" 
in consequence of, reverse racist 
policies. 

The third, hammered home by • 
black economists such as Profes- 
sors Thomas Sowell and Walter 
Williams, is that "positive 
discrimination" actually hurts 
black prospects. What arguments 
for it really say. “loud and dear”, 
in Sowell’s words, "is that blade 
people just don't have it, and that 
they will have to be given some- 
thing in order to have something. 
Black people who are already 
competent ... will be .under- 
mined as black becomes 
synonomous — in the minds . of 
black and white alike - with in- 
competence. and black achieve- 
ment becomes synonomous with 
chanty and payoffs.” 

Reverse discrimination en- 
courages blacks to indulge in 
political lobbying and welfare 
dependence. It lowers blades' self- 
image. which is far too low 
already, and undermines any 
chance of their crucial interest that 
the white majority should regard 
them as intellectual, moral and 
social equals. 


■ Bui- politicians can do some- 
thing for ethnic minorities. The 


minorities need equality., before 
the law. They need, even more 
tiwm at present, to have them- 
selves and their property pro- 
tected by the forces of law and 
order. 


■ Th j y J don I n ® ed ' they will be 
uttpeded by. politicaily-msfigaied 
preferential treatment. .That's the 
- lesson from America. Mr Darke. 




The author is diieciotofthcSodal 
Affarrs Unit. ■ . • ... . 


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TIMES TUESDAY JULY 8 1986 


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Sfea he "«™duceci the Drug 

.Traffickihg Offences Bill. Th e 
Phrase then seemed pardon- 
; aWe hyperbole to describe a 
•.sharp increase in illicit drugs, 
notably cocaine and heroin. 
The fects were that the illegal 
movement of drugs was fast 
becoming an unwelcome nara- 
site on the body of freer trade 
and movement between the 
continents. 

The bin — due to become 
law today - contained mea- 
sures for curbing the criminal 
sale of drugs at home. But the 
Government also pointed out 
that .it was meant to be part of 
- a diplomatic offensive. The 
Prime Minister had used inter- 
national gatherings in Bonn 
and Nassau to establish dip- 
lomatic machinery for control. 
Britain promised full par- 
ticipation in the conference in 
Vienna next year, called under 
United Nations auspices, to 
ratify a convention on control- 
ling the drags trade. 

The death since then of the 
daughter of a Cabinet minister 
can only have focussed public 
and political concern. The 
ministerial campaign has sev- 
eral sides, moral as well as 
legal, international as well as 
domestic. However fierce new 
. laws preventing trade in drags 
at home, no government can 
act independently of con- 
ditions of supply and thus of 
government action abroad. 

International commerce in 
heroin and kindred killers is 
not to a fixed pattern. Police 


measures in, say, Pakistan 
may be shifting die locus of 
supply elsewhere in Asia. One 
consuming nation, which is 
also a a supplying nation, is 
Malaysia. It is also a 
Commonwealth country with 
an educational system and 
judiciary heavily influenced by 
models implanted during the 
colonial period. It is, in short, 
a fit partner for collaboration 
against the drag irade. 

On Monday morning, the 
Malaysian authorities exe- 
cuted iwo Australians, one of 
whom had been bom in Great 
Britain. They were found 
guilty of breaking domestic 
law which forbids trade in 
heroin. The mandatory sen- 
tence for this offence is capital 
punishment. There is still a 
morbid fascination with hang- 
ing in Briiain, and ihe fate of 
the condemned men has at- 
tracted perhaps dispropor- 
tionate attention, even to the 
extent of a last minute appeals 
for clemency by the Prime 
Minister. That was probably a 
mistake. Her locus standi in 
the affair is at best marginal. 

The two men were con- 
victed of attempting to smug- 
gle a small amount of heroin 
out of Penang Airport. Note 
that their offence was to 
smuggle out of a Third World 
country enough toxic material 
to make the men a consid- 
erable profit in Australia, Brit- 
ain, the United States or 
Europe and, incidentally, to 
help an unknown number of 
eventual purchasers to poison 
themselves. Whatever else it 
was, it was not a trivial crime. 


Consideration of the case in 
this country, however, has 
been tainted by patronising 
implications about the quality 
of justice in Malaysia. No 
country can fully satisfy the 
standards of another in its 
legal conduct — which is why 
extradition is so fraught a 
business even between the 
friendliest of allies. But there 
comes a point when trust has 
to be extended in another 
country’s judges and detec- 
tives. The British Government 
wants the cooperation of Third 
World suppliers of heroin in 
programmes of drug eradica- 
tion and control; that embod- 
ies a large measure of mutual 
trust. 

There may. in the prosecu- 
tion of Kevin Barlow and 
Brian Chambers, have been a 
desire on the part of the 
Malaysian authorities to dem- 
onstrate that their policy ap- 
pear even-handed between the 
races. That might elicit misgiv- 
ings about the severity of the 
sentence — the gallows for six 
ounces of heroin. Such misgiv- 
ings must be swallowed. The 
logic of the criminal code now 
in operation here, and ener- 
getically advertised by the 
politicians, is to identify deal- 
ers in hard drugs as accessories 
to murder, and to ensure that 
they be suitably punished. The 
same logic led in Malaysian 
conditions and after due pro- 
cess, to the gallows. A general, 
if recent, repugnance in Britain 
towards hanging should not 
mislead us into thinking that 
its imposition in this case was 
unjust. 


3Y 


A PARTIAL REPORT 






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The private inquiry set up by 
Haringey Council to report on 
the riots at the Broadwater 
Farm Estate in Tottenham has 
not revealed any significant 
new facts about the events 
preceding or during the vi- 
olence which erupted, or about 
the deeper-rooted social prob- 
lems of ethnic , ^minorities 
which underlay this and other 
similar outbreaks. What the 
inquiry has done is (in its own 
words) to “provide a channel 
for the grievances and com- 
plaints of the local commu^ 
nity, and to investigate a 
number of disputed issues”, 
and its report must be judged 
according to whether it is more 
likely to help or hinder mutual 
understanding between dif- 
ferent sections of the public, 
and between the ethnic 
communities and the police. It 
is unlikely to be helpful. 

. The inquiry was set. up by 
Haringey Council when the 
government declined to set up 
its own investigation. The 
Home Office had stated that it 
did not believe that a re-run of 
such an inquiry as Lord 
Scarman’s would “cast any 
new perspective on the 
situation” or that it would 
discover new solutions to ur- 
ban violence. That judgment 
has been vindicated by the 
report of the committee which, 
under the chairmanship of the 
Labour peer Lord Gifford QC, 
consisted of laymen and 
churchmen from the fields of 
race and community relations. 

The events of the Totten- 
ham riot are well-known. Dur- 
ing a police raid on her home. 


a black woman, Mrs Cynthia, 
Jarrett collapsed and died of a 
heart attack A riot of excep- 
tional violence broke out on 
the following evening and 
night in which PC Keith 
Blakelock was killed. Build- 
ings and motor vehicles were 
set on fire and the police were 
attacked with petrol bombs. 
The weapons used against the 
police were such as to give rise 
to the belief that preparations 
had been made for such an 
event 

At the outset. Lord Gifford 
gave it as a reason for under- 
taking the inquiry that “people 
do not attack the forces of law 
out of mere wickedness or a 
sense of fun”. There are, 
however, those who out of 
wickedness and callousness, 
stand ready to exploit sup- 
posed and actual grievances 
for the sake of the violence 
from which they gain satisfac- 
tion, and the report gives no 
weight to this reality. Instead, 
the weight of its impact is in 
condemning the police for 
“oppressive and racist 
policing”. Lord Gifford ob- 
served yesterday that the trag- 
edy arose because of the 
“terrible state of the relation- 
ship between the police and 
the community” but the report 
certainly does not suggest that 
there is blame for that on both 
sides. 

It is the police who are 
blamed for the foiled relation- 
ship with the community be- 
fore the tragedy. The riot itself 
is described as a 
“dash...between a group of 
youths who, along with many 


others, were full of sorrow and 
anger because a mother had 
died and because nothing 
effective was being done about 
her death; and a unit of police 
officers who were, with many 
others in reserve, heavily 
equipped, hostile to the people 
on the. estate, expecting trouble 
to start; and ready at a 
moment's notice to quell it 
with force." A more loaded 
and tendentious description of 
what happened would be hard 
to contrive. 


The tone of the report in 
respect of the police goes for to 
undermine interest in its not 
very original remedies for the 
future. They include a new 
training unit for police to learn 
about “racial awareness”, gov- 
ernment grants and a jobs plan 
for Hanngey, new council 
housing and education policies 
to combat racism, more black 
teachers and more multi-cul- 
tural lessons in schools. 


But most significant is that 
the report should repeat the 
demand of the Labour left for 
an elected authority to run the 
police — in other words, for a 
politically-run police force — 
and should advocate what it 
calls co-operative policing 
with the organisations “which 
represent the community on 
Broadwater Farm.” Who in 
practice would ran such agen- 
cies is not hard to imagine. 
This report is both partial and 
political. It will not help the 
people of Tottenham, nor the 
cause of good relations be- 
tween the public and the police 
it affects to value. 


WARNING SHOT 








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Sunday's attempt by Arturo 
Tolentino to wrest power from 
Corazon Aquino and set up a 
pro-Marcos government in tne 
Philippines seems to nave 
been little more than a warning 
shot across the bows of tne 
Aquino government, it JS > 
however, a warning that 
should not be taken lightly. 

It illustrates, first now 

vulnerable .President Aquinos 

government still is. DegJ* 
much wishful thinking from 
supporters of Peop 
Power” and opponents of the 
Marcos regime, Mrs Aqumo 
has powerful enemies 

representing P owcr J“L UD | 
lerests. However corrupt 
February's election was, Mrs 
Aquino’s eventual victory wa 

n °The < populisl nature of her 

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Mrs civilian 

authority once a stawe c ^ 

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Sunday’s minor coup at- 
tempt illustrates, second, the 
continuing appeal of Ferdi- 
nand Marcos. Whether or not 
he had any part in Tolentino’s 
action (and he has denied 
that), the regular appeals he 
has transmitted to his country- 
men from exile have clearly 
not gone unheeded. He has 
kept a finger on the pulse of his 
homeland. Moreoever. how- 
ever corrupt and however 
weak his rule in its latter 
stages, he was seen as a strong 
leader made even stronger by 
US backing. And strength is 
expected of a leader. 

Though it is still early days, 
president Aquino has not been 
able to give the same im- 
pression. She has sometimes 
appeared al odds wilh ihe 
military. There has been talk - 
perhaps malicious, but talk 
nonetheless -of her being a 
mere puppet of those around 
her. She has not. despite 
protestations to the contrary 
bv both sides, been able to 
attract the unqualified con- 
fidence of the United States 
once enjoyed by Marcos. 

Nor has she helped her own 
cause by speaking so msis- 
tenilv of compromise - com- 
promise In particular with the 
counirv's communist msur- 
eems. Perhaps by accident. 


coup attempt came shortly 
after the government had an- 
nounced ihe start of talks with 
the communists at an un- 
disclosed location. 

Mrs Aquino’s suspension of 
parliament while a new 
constitution is drafted and her 
replacement of a number of 
elected officials have also laid 
her open to accusations of 
arbitrariness and rule by fiat 
The potentially damaging na- 
ture of these charges is shown 
by the fact that they were used 
by Tolentino during his few 
hours in the limelight. 

For the time being. Mrs 
Aquino’s government appears 
to be secure. This weekend 
there was insufficient support 
for the restoration of Marcos 
to make Tolentino’s rebellion 
a serious threat; The open 
show of defiance suggests, 
however, that the sooner Mrs 
Aquino 'can regularize her 
position by adopting a new 
constitution, the better it will 
be for her. Until then, she 
would be well advised to take 
the most elementary precau- 
tion of all: to ensure that either 
she or her Vice-President. 
Salvador Laurel, is in Manila, 
and visible. Diplomacy, 
whether abroad or in far-flung 
provinces, will be to no effect if 
the power base at the centre is 



LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


Unfair slice off wage packets . 

From the Director of ihe National Advice Bureaux that there is a 


.Association of Citizens Advice 
Bureaux 

Sir. The Citizens Advice Bureaux 
service has two urgent concerns 
about the Wages Bill which is now 
before the House of Lords. 

First that employees win no 
longer have ihe right 10 be paid in 
cash, and may have a bank 
account nominated by the em- 
ployer. We feel ii is unfair that the 
Government is willing to issue 
over 4.000.000 Giro cheques to 
social security claimants but is 
unwilling to ensure that employ- 
ees have the same easy access to 
their pay from employers. 

Second, that although it is 
proposed to limit the deductions 
an employer may make for stock 
and till deficiencies up to 10 per 
cent of the wage, this limit will not 
apply to a worker's final wage 
packet. We would welcome the 10 
per cent limit on deductions, as a 
step in the right direction to 
protect low paid employees, if it 
also applied to the final wage 
packet. 

It is our experience in Citizens 


significant minority of un- 
scrupulous employers who evade 
the protection Parliament has 
already-given to employees against 
unfair deductions; indeed such 
deductions sometimes amount to 
the whole of the wage packet. 

We fear that unless the 10 per 
cent limit also applies to the final 
wage packet it will be these 
employers who will make frequent 
dismissals so that they can make 
regular large deductions for un- 
proven losses. The small measures 
that we advocate would bring 
considerable benefit to employees, 
no detriment to honest employers 
and would not undermine the 
intentions of the Bill. 

We hope that the Government 
will lake the remaining opportu- 
nities before them to include them 
in the Bill 
Yours faithfully. 

ELIZABETH F1LKIN. Director, 
National Association of Citizens 
Advice Bureaux. , • 

[ 15-123 PentonviHe Road, Ni. 
July 3. 


YTS and A levels 


From Mr Brian Morgan 
Sir. Is it possible that a regrettable 
anti-Youih Training Scheme bias 
has coloured interpretation of the 
report of the Commons Select 
Committee on Education and 
Science? Assertion that growth of 
acceptance of YTS may be at the 
expense of A-level uptake, and the 
implication that this would be a 
bad thing are not justified statis- 
tically, qualitatively, or prac- 
tically. 

Statistically, Sir, the figures 
show that during the period of 
most rapid growth of YTS (1979- 
82) A-level uptake also grew. 
Furthermore, since then the 
proportion of 16-year-olds choos- 
ing YTS has grown from 13 per 
cent to 25.8 per cent, while Alevel 
has only marginally declined, 
from its peak of 20.5 per cent to 
19.2 percent 

Taking the whole period under 
review, YTS grew from 5.1 per 
cent to 25.8 per cent while A-level 
started at 19.4 per cent peaked at 
20.5 percent and ended at 19.2 per 
cent. This hardly supports your 
Education Correspondent's state- 


ment {July 2) that "‘the figures 
show a sudden fall-off in the 
proportion of A-level students as 
the scheme expanded”. 

Qualitatively, is it not possible 
that even if the 0.2 per cent fewer 
students of A-level have all with- 
out exception moved to YTS, this 
may be no bad thing? A student- 
centred widening of flexibility of 
choice is not only sound educa- 
tional philosophy but also sound 
marketing. If 16-year-olds are 
showing a small shift from aca- 
demic study to work-place train- 
ing. are they not doing just what 
Industry Year is asking them to 
do? 

Practically, YTS would appear 
to be more in touch with the needs 
of 16-year-otds than the providers 
of A-level studies. As a con- 
sequence. A-level studies have 
stagnated while YTS has been 
growing fasL That finding is 
neither new nor bad. 

Yours faithfully, 

BRIAN MORGAN, 

Brian Morgan Associates. 

24 Caledonia Place. 

Clifton, 

Bristol. Avon. 

July 2. 


ert . 






Drink-driving case 

From the Secretary of the British 
Medical .Association 
Sir, The so-called “breathalyser'’ 
Act was stated by the Minister of 
Transport to be based on the 
BMA's report The Drinking 
Driver. Thai report advised 
strongly against courts permitting 
any “back calculation" being al- 
lowed for purposes of determining 
how much higher the blood al- 
cohol concentration must have 
been at the material time, and it 
was for that reason that the Act 
provided that the concentration 
given to the court should be based 
on analysis of the sample at the 
lime it was taken. 

We were, of course, aware of the 
practice being allowed in certain 
European countries, where geo- 
graphical conditions could lead to 
a considerable delay before the 
driver could be taken to a police 
station. However, it appears that 
the recent case (report. June 27) 
arose out of an accident which 
occurred in the middle of Bir- 
mingham and it is difficult to see 
how it was impossible for ihe 
police to obtain a specimen of 
blood, breath or urine until four 
hours and 20 minutes after the 
accident took place. 

Acceptance by the driving 


population of an offence based 
entirely upon chemical analysis of 
breath or of body fluids must 
depend upon the integrity of the 
scientific evidence. As has been 
pointed out by Dr Tabemer (July 
l). the rales of elimination of 
alcohol from the body vary not 
only as between different individ- 
uals; but in the same individual at 
different times. Furthermore, the 
reduction occurs in a series of 
peaks and troughs which only add 
to the problems of attempting 
back calculation. 


If such an estimation was ever 
to be accepted scientifically, it 
certainly should not be based on a 
single sample, as in the case 
reported, but on a series of 
samples taken over a period of 
time. 


Those responsible for law 
enforcement would be better ad- 
vised to step up ihe level of breath 
testing and to concentrate on 
those places where drinking driv- 
ers are mosL likely lo be found, or 
where alcohol related accidents 
are known to take place. 

Yours faithfully, 

JOHN HAVARD. Secretary, 
British Medical Association, 

BMA House. 

Tavistock Square, WCl. 

July 1. 


Occupational hazard. 

From Dr Conrad Dixon 
Sir, The Times Diary (July 3) 
referred to the Tottenham police 
cricket team as the fuzz, and thus 
highlighted the burning issue of 
equal treatment for pejorative 
occupational nicknames. 

Some come readily to mind — 
hacks and quacks, for example, 
need no explanation, while sniv- 
els, for Civil Servants, is gaining 
ground. Would readers care to add 
to the list so that every occupation 
may, in future, receive an honour- 
able mention? 

Yours faithfully, 

CONRAD DIXON, 

Highfield House. 

27 Tidworth Road, 

Ludgcrshall, 

Andover. Hampshire. 

July 3. 


Cheats who prosper 

From Mr R. /. Barycz 
Sir. With reference to Mr Gordon 
Fleck's suggestion (July 3) I can 
think of an even simpler method 
of encouraging fair play in a game 
of football and that would be to 
deem the winner of any game the 
side in whose half of the pitch the 
ball has spent the shortest lime, no 
matter what the goals scored. 

Not only would this discourage 
foul play, it would also provoke 
actual play by putting an effective 
stop to time-wasting tactics that 
do nothing but provoke the spec- 
tators into verbal and actual 
violence. 

Yours sincerely. 

R. I. BARYCZ. 

30 Millmark Grove. 

New Cross. SE 14. 

July 4. 


Uniform discomfort 


From Mr. R. If'. L. /. H 'ails 
Sir. A welcome voice (Mr A. J. 
Ougham’s. July 4) has been raised 
in a plea for good sense in men’s 
dress. It always seemed absurd 
that Cairenes. Delhians and the 
like should be encumbered with 
suits and ties when they could 
have been wearing galabiehs. ideal 
for hot climates. 

• The villain of the piece is the tie. 
Why must we males court asr 
phyxia by tying a noose, however 
elegant, round our arteries? What 
governs our spineless folly? 

It is, of course, that little iron 
fist in ihe dainty glove. Not long 
ago a special resolution of our dub 
bridge committee decreed, with 
amazing audacity, that ties need 
not be wont in very hot weather, 
just cravats would 1% enough, the 
lady members murmured, smiling 
sweetly. 

What is so repellent about the 
male neck? Grime, scrawn. hair, 
bubukles? It is lime, gentlemen, to 
put an end to this tyranny. 

Yours faithfully. 

R. W. L I. WATTS. 

Flat 3. Palmer Court. 

Westfield Road. 

Budleigh Saltenon. 

Devon. •. 

- — i — — 


Sky-blue riband 

From Mr Frederick O. Marsh 
Sir. Perhaps our seafaring friends 
ought to follow the example set by 
us aviators. Since 1905. when the 
world aireporiing organisation 
called the Federation 
Aeronautique Internationale was 
founded, it has controlled and 
certificated all successful record 
attempts covering aeronautical 
vehicles from balloons, right 
through powered aircraft; to man- 
powered flight and spacecraft. 

Our records include speed over 
recognised courses, point-to-point 
and many others for ihe different 
types of aircraft. They are based 
on a formula related to weight and 
power plant and cover sponing 
and recreational aeroplanes as 
well as commercial and military 
aircraft. 

Perhaps Mr Richard Branson 
and other wet bobs, worldwide, 
should tfow consider whether this 
is an appropriate time to form a 
similar oroganisaiion and estab- 
lish regulations. 1 would be happy 
to prov ide assistance. 

Yours faith full v. 

FREDERICK O. MARSH 
(UK Vice-President. 

Federation Aeronautique 
Internationale). • 

JBLiiil Jfl ffnrt inpham SWl, 


Spoiled case for 
animal care 


From the Chairman of {he RSPCA 
Sir. It was heartening to read 
Bernard Levin’s tribute to the 
work of ihe RSPCA in his article. 
“The animal lovers lusting for 
blood”, in today’s Times (July 3). 

What is not often appreciated is 
that it is reputable organisations 
like the RSPCA that feel .the 
backlash against extremists who 
make bombing and murder 
threats in the name of animal 
rights. The society feels it where it 
really hurts — in the purse. 

As a charity the RSPCA de- 
pends on public support to finance 
the fight against cruelty to ani- 
mals. The need has never been 
greater. This year we had the sad 
task of reporting the highest 
number of cruelty cases ever. The 
danger is that in the public 
revulsion against fanaticism all 
organisations working for animals 
get tarred with ihe same brush. 

The RSPCA abhors the actions 
of extremists whose illegal attacks 
on people and property bring no 
relief to the animals they purport 
to help. On the contrary these 
attacks alienate animals’ potential 
benefactors. 

As the newly elected chairman 
of the RSPCA’s governing body I 
can assure supporters that the 
society will not relent in its battle 
to prevent cruelty and promote 
kindness to animals. I can equally 
assure them it will be a . battle 
fought within the law and without 
violence. 

Yours faithfully, 

JOAN FELTHOUSE, Chairman, 
Royal Society for the Prevention 
of Cruelty to Animals. 

Causeway. 

Horsham, 

West Sussex. 

July 3. 


Heads, they win 

From Mrs Jean Potter 
Sir, An illustration of the new 
Tongan two pa’anga coin under 
the heading “The difference a new 
head of state can make" (Focus, 
June 23) and the comment that 
“countries regarded as the best 
potential export markets are . . . 
those which change their head of 
state frequently, necessitating a 
change in the ruler s portrait on 
the obverse of the coinage" was an 
unfortunate and misleading 
choice. 

King Taufa’ahau Tupou IV has 
been monarch of the kingdom of 
Tonga since the death of his 
mother. Queen Salote. in 1965, 
and she reigned for 47 years. 

The new coin is of interest in 
that, currently, only seniti (100 
seniti = I pa'anga) are available as 
coins, and pa'anga in denomina- 
tions of one. two, five, 10. 20 etc, 
are in note form. 

One disadvantage of the new 
coins is that, -unlike the paper 
money, they will not be able to be 
“stuck" on to the coconut-oiled 
legs, shoulders and arms of tra- 
ditional dancers, according to the 
custom at fund-raising events. But 
this, presumably, is one of the 
consequences of inflation, now 
running at about S per cent in 
Tonga, and the higher denomina- 
tion notes will come into their 
own on such occasions. 

Yours faithfully. 

JEAN POTTER, 

16 Fentiman Road. SW8. 

June 23. 


Stand-in teachers 

Front Mr David H 'ardiil 
Sir. if is certainly true that the 
problem of stand-in teachers has 
reached absurd proportions in 
secondary education, as outlined 
by Michael Marland (feature, June 
30). In particular, with the many 
new initiatives in education, in- 
service training has increased 
enormously. 

In one nearby local education 
authority, for example, the heads 
of mathematics in most of the 
secondary schools were sent for 
training on 10 consecutive Mon- 
days in the weeks preceding the O 
and A-level exams. In many 
schools this reduced the teaching 
available to final-year examina- 
tion pupils by between 25 per cent 
and 40 per cent. 

Sadly, as this sort of situation is 
encouraged and funded by Gov- 
ernment departments such as the 
Department of Education and 
Science and the Manpower Ser- 
vices Commission, and shame- 
facedly accepted by LEAs 
desperate for money, then 
Marland’s thesis. “Common sense 
in short supply", seems most 
appropriate. 

However, his solution is wrong. 
Instead of trying to improve the 
quality or quantity of available 
supply cover, we should wonder 
why such training has to take place 
during lesson lime at all. 

Why not do the training after 4 
pm, when the pupils have been 
taught properly, by the right 
person? If need be. pay the teacher 
the money- which ha $ been 
“Saved" by not employing a 
difficult-to : obtain, inappro- 
priatelv qualified baby-sitter. 

After all. teacher will have done 
his own supply cover. And very 
well, too. 

Yours faithfully. 

DAVID WARD1LL 
7 Ashtree Close. 

Rowlands Gil). 

Tyne & Wear. 

June 30. 


Misrouted 

From Sir Thomas Baziey 
Sir, You report (July 4) that Miss 
Sarah Ferguson will go up the aisle 
to the strains of Elgar's “Imperial 
March". Hitherto, brides have 
always gone up the nave. 

Yours faithfully. 

T. S. BAZLEY. 

Eastleach Folly. 

Near Hatherop. 

.Cirencester. Gloucestershire. 


11 


ON THIS DAY 


JULY 8 1924 


The Channel Tunnel BUI was read 
for the second time in the 
Commons on June 5 1986. thus 
bringing to the point of realization 
a project first mooted over 180 
years ago: in that period there 
have been at least a dozen 
proposals and tuiq aborted starts. 
At the 75th annual meeting of the 
Channel Tunnel Co in 1955 the 
chairman told the only four 
shareholders present that the 
Government hail ceased to regard 
the tunnel as a danger to the 
country's defences; "objections," 
he added, "were now of an 
economic nature ' ’. 


THE CHANNEL 
TUNNEL. 


GOVERNMENT DECISION. 


MR. MACDONALD, replying 
to Sir W. Bull (Hammersmith, U.) 
and Viscount Curzon (Battersea. 
S., U.). said:- The Government 
have had under consideration ibe 
question of the Channel Tunnel, 
which was brought to their notice 
by the members of the House of 
Commons Channel Tunnel Com- 
mittee. In a memorandum with 
which the Committee were good 
enough to furnish me, it is stated 
that virtually 400 members of this 
House have now declared their 
intention to support the scheme. 
Some members attached the condi- 
tion, to which the House of 
Commons Channel Tunnel Com- 
mittee assented, that the approval 
of the naval and military authori- 
ties and of the Committee of 
Imperial Defence should first be 
given, and the Committee gave me 
to understand that the promoters 
would, in the absence of such 
approval, be unwilling to launch 
the project . . . 

1 think that most of those 
present, like myself, had ap- 
proached the subject with a certain 
predisposition in favour of the 
Channel Tunnel. When the evi- 
dence came to be discussed, howev- 
er. it was found that everyone had 
been forced to an opposite conclu- 
sion. The advice of the Staffs of the 
Admiralty, War Office, and Air 
Ministry was against the 
project . . . 

From the point of view of 
security, the Committee of Imperi- 
al Defence do not wish to overstate 
the risk, but they are advised, as 
their predecessors were advised, 
that there is unquestionably an 
element of danger involved. While 
naval and military opinion in the 
past has differed considerably as to 
the extent of this danger, there 
appears no room for doubt that the 
existence of a tunnel would be 
bound lo add something to the 
anxieties of those responsible for 
national defence, to our commit* 
ments, and to our expenditure, 
And. as pointed out by Sir Henry 
Campbell-Bannerman in a state 
ment on the subject in this House 
in 1907: 

"Even supposing the military 
dangers involved were to be amply 
guarded against, there would exist 
throughout the country a feeling of, 
insecurity which might lead to a 
constant demand for increased 
expenditure, naval and military, 
and a continued risk of unrest and 
possibly alarm, which, however 
unfounded, would be most injuri- 
ous in its effect whether political 
or commercial." . . . 

Having examined the defence 
aspects of the question, the Com- 
mittee turned to its civil aspects in 
order to ascertain whether there 
were overriding advantages which 
would just ify them in advising that 
the military risks involved should 
be run. The Committee were 
informed that the construction of; 
the Channel Tunnel would have 
but little effect on the foreign trade 
of this country. The question of 
passenger traffic is alone impor- 
tant. and by it the Channel Tunnel 
scheme as a commercial enterprise 
must stand or fall. If, however, the 
TunneL when completed, succeed- 
ed in attracting passenger traffic to 
the extent which its promoters 
hope for, one result would be the 
gradual disappearance of the cross- 
Channel steamship services. 
(Laughter.) 

As regards relief to unemploy- 
ment, the Parliamentary Commit- 
tee estimate that on the Tunnel 
itself about 2,500 men would find 
employment on the English side, 
and an equal number on the French 
side of the Channel. There would, 
in addition, be consequential em- 
ployment elsewhere, and one of the 
estimates in the memorandum of 
the Channel Tunnel Committee 
was for an overall figure of 12.000 
workers in Great Britain and 
12.000 in France. 

The Committee of Imperial De- 
fence were unanimous that the 
advantages of the Channel Tunnel 
were not commensurate wilh the 
disadvantages from a defence point 
of view. Further, they look the 
view that all that has happened in 
the last five years in the way ofj 
naval, military, and air develop- 
ment has tended, without excep- 
tion. to render the Channel Tunnel 
a mure dangerous experiment ■ . . 


Any questions? 

From Pmfessor H. H. Huxley 
Sir, As one who has been learning 
Latin and Greek for nearly 60 
years 1 have much sympathy for 
the baffled Wykehamists (Jufv 1), 
"Examinations," said Charles 
Colton, "are formidable even to 
the best prepared, for the greatest 
fool may ask more than the wisest 
man can answer.” 

I have tried always to keep 
before me Hazlitt’s cautionary 
words: “Anyone who has passed 
through the regular gradations of a 
classical education, and is not 
made a fool by it, may consider 
himself as having had a very 
narrow escape." 

Yours sincerelv. 

HERBERT H. HUXLEY. 

1 2 Derwent Close. 

Cambridge. 

Juft I. 


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TRAINING FOR WORK 


The on-air 


push for 

Phase II 


lift-off 


It's action time again for 
training. The publication last 
week of the new Education 
■and Training White Paper 
showed that there is neither 
let-up nor disillusion in the 
Government’s drive to mod- 
ernize the nation’s system of 
vocational training. 

Today at the National Edu- 
cation and Training Confer- 
ence in Birmingham there will 
"be a chance for Lord Young, 
the Secretary of Slate for 
Employment, and lan John- 
.ston, chief executive of the 
Manpower Services 
Commission’s training divi- 
sion. to spell out in some 
detail the implications of the 
new measures. 

, For Lord Young at least it 
■will make a change from 
tripping out the old exhorta- 
tions for better training and 
more of it. By now anyone 
with even the slightest interest 
in the subject knows that you 
need to invest in training for 
belter profitability — and that 
the Germans, the Japanese 
and the Americans do much 
more of it than we do. And. 
above all. that our deep indif- 
ference to developing Britain’s 
“human resources” needs to 
be shaken. 

So it will come as a relief to 
both Lord Young and his 
audience that there is some- 
thing fresh to talk abouL Both 
he and Mr Johnston will be 
able to claim that we are 
entering a new phase in the 
upgrading of training, and that 
after years of working at it the 
Government is getting to the 
point where it has done as 
much as it can do. The rest is 
up to us. 

~ Perhaps most important of 
jail the Government has ac- 
"cepted the recommendations 
.of Oscar de Ville’s Review of 
■Vocational Qualifications and 
a comprehensive, but simple 


structure of vocational qualifi- 
cations should soon be with 
us. In addition, the Technical 
and Vocational Education Ini- 
tiative is to be put on a 
national basis. A “college of 
the air” now looks certain and 
funding for the Open Tech is 
to be extended. 

College of the Air will be a 


joint BBC and IBA training 
venture for broadcasting MSC 
and Open Tech programmes 
for people over the age of 1 6, 
on radio and television, on 
similar lines to the Open 
University. 

All of this is evidence that 
the Government remains seri- 
ous about improving our 
training performance by creat- 
ing the structures which make 
it possible. It is not an issue 
which has been played with 
for a few years and then 
forgotten. 





its 


• High standards of training are statutory -in 
hazar dous industries such as power engiriming bet. 
are not so well recognized in some more down-to-earth J 
sectors. Lord- Young (above)* Secretary of Stoterfor . 
Employment, is heading the drive to mddemfcto the- 
UK’s vocational training system; and ^_totinee 
line smen receiving instruction at the Central Electric- , 
ity Generating Board's Line Training Schoo^near 
Hams Hall power station ; ", _ _ 


- • 

I,>| l '... ' • •• 


upgrading technical equip- 
ment. But TVEI was intended 
to bring about a change in 
orientation in the curriculum, 
and to make education more 
“relevant”. Attitudes, rather 
than mere cash, were what 
mattered. 


Full details of a College of the Air are 
expected at the sixth annual Education 
and Training conference and exhibition 
which opens today at the NEC, Birmingham 


But there is a “down” side 
to these developments. The 
reason funding for the Open 
Tech has been extended, for 
example, is because industry 
has not responded fast enough 
to what “open learning” can 
offer. 

When the Open Tech was 
launched it was intended that, 
after initial pump-priming, 
projects would become self- 
funding. Generally speaking 
that has not happened MSC 
money is needed to keep them 
afloaL 

Similarly, the extension of 
TVEI is worthwhile and the 
money going into schools will 
be welcomed as a way of 


So far it is hard to see 
whether traditional attitudes 
in schools have changed 
much. The anti-industry, pris- 
tine academic lobby seems to 
be as powerful as ever. 

Meanwhile, at a deeper 
level, there lurks the issue of 
the ”non statutory training 
organizations” set up after the 
slaughter of most of the 
industrial training boards. 
Here was a chance for industry 
to free itself from the shackles 
of training quangos, to orga- 
nize and police itself and to get 
more from its money. 

But has it happened? All the 
evidence suggests that the 
Department .of Employment . 


and the MSC are starting to 
lose patience with the NSTOs. 
Pledges freely made have not 
been kepL 

It is rumoured that many 
NSTOs. rather than providing 
better and cheaper training, 
have become mere token op- 
erations which distribute in- 
formation but do little else. 
They are certainly not the 
powerhouses of relevance and 
expertise which they were 
supposed to be. 

They will probably be given 
a period of grace to start 
delivering on their promises — 
but over the horizon there is 
appearing once more the pos- 
sibility of statutory 
obligations. 

So whatever the Govern- 
ment and MSC may do ad- 
ministratively and 

structurally, the most decisive 
battle still remains to be won 
in toe attitudes and priorities 
of managers, teachers, par- 
ents. and workers. 

As the phone-in response to 
Granada TVs Jobwotch pro- 
grammes are revealing, thou- 
sands of people are crying out 
for help and information on 
training. If toe country is 
serious about developing its 
human talent there is no 
longer any excuse fortuming a 
blind eye to the problem. 


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Unanimous decision to update 


“Continuing Education and 
Training" is sweeping the 
professions like wildfire. So- 
licitors do it. Surveyors do iL 
Even educated engineers do it 
- and only the most hardened 
country accountant or provin- 
cial architect would claim that 
updating their skills and 
knowledge is unnecessary. 

“The Royal Institute of 
British Architects has set up a 
number of pilot projects 
which are aimed at encourag- 
ing continuing professional 
development” said Norman 
Roberts of the RIBA southern 
branch. “Here in the south we 
have been undertaking a ma- 
jor survey of members' opin- 
ions to identify where the 
training should be focused. By 
using a checklist of good 
practice we are starting to pin 
down where people want 
help.” 

Like most professional 
groups these days the archi- 
tects are being pressured into 
continuing education by two 
distinct factors. 

First as practitioners they 
need to keep up-to-date with 
new techniques and materials. 
They need to understand toe 


implications of information 
technology and they need to 
stay abreast of changes in the 
law. 

Second, as business opera- 
tors they need to improve 
better management skills; to 
understand changes in toe 
market: and to devise more 
efficient methods of running 
their practices. 

Engineers, on toe other 
hand, have no hesitation in 
admitting that they need more 
education. In a report issued 
just a couple of weeks ago ( A 
Cal! to Action — Continuing 
Education and Training for 
Engineers and Technicians) 
toe Engineering Council said 
that it was “convinced that a 
radical change of attitude 
towards cont inuing education 
and training (CET) is needed”. 

Meanwhile at toe Royal 
Institute of Chartered Survey- 
ors a recent report Continuing 
Education: Five Years On will 
shortly be discussed by toe 
General CounciL In fact the 
RICS is already firmly behind 
CPD ('Continuing profession- 
al development' as they call it) 
and it is about to introduce a 
new Diploma in Property 


Marketing as an advanced 
specialist qualification for 
those who are already profes- 


sionally qualified. 

One of toe problems about 
continuing education, howev- 
er. is the puzzle of who will 
conduct iu 

Although toe R1C is bring- 
ing in the College of Estate 
Management for its new Di- 
ploma much of the day-to-day 
CPD is done through self-help 
in local branches. This may 
work for the surveyors and it 
certainly reflects well on ihe 
motivation of those involved. 
But effective training for pro- 
fessionals ideally needs, to be 
done by people who are skilled 
in training techniques. 

In an ideal world there 
would be a varied array of 
training ferilities available so 
that whatever the need or 
circumstance a professional 
person could tap into an 
appropriate professionally or- 
ganized training package. As 
engineering recruitment ex- 
pert Michael Stills of SRL said 
recently: “The problem with 
most traditional courses is 
that they have to be booked up 
too far ahead, they're toa long 


and they* re too expensive.*’' . • ■ 

To remedy this' toe; Man- 
power Services” Commission 
has stimulated thd growth of 
’’Open Learning” (through-toe 
Open Tech) and the Depart- - 
ment of Education and ScR : 
cnce has developed its Pidtup 
(professional industrial and \ 
commercial updating pro- 
gramme). V : X 7 

Perhaps toe strongest tine- 
taken so far. on CPD is that of 
the Law Society which: has 
made continuing education 
compulsory "Tor newly quali- 
fied solicitors fora’peridd.of 
three years. The feet that toe . 
lawyers are so con vinced of its 
value must surely mean; toar- 
continuing education cannot 
be gainsaid. 

As a recent editorial in the 
magazine Surveying Tcchhi-’ 
dan says: “Ills no longergood 
enough to. claim a person is 
qualified at Ihe commence- 
ment of his or her career aud 
will remain so without further 
definite training for toe itexi 
40 years or so.” . 


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A new message on people and skills 


Sponsoring the Education. 
Training and Personal Devel- 
opment exhibition is some- 
thing of a mixed pleasure for 
toe Institute of Training and 
Development “It is the largest 
event of its kind in Europe.” 
says George Webster, the 
institute's executive director, 
“and it's an excellent place for 
people to get together and 
meet the producers of equip- 
ment and services. But al- 
though the exhibition is a 
success it doesn't mean, unfor- 
tunately. that the importance 
of training itself has yet been 
fully appreciated. We've still 
got a long way to go.” 

The institute represents 
6.S00 training specialists 
throughout the UK together 
with ■ the 300 organizations 
which are most committed to 
training Since its foundation 
in the early 1 960s toe institute 
has seen the status of training 
rise considerably and it wel- 
comes the recent trend (most 
evident in the jobs’ columns 
of toe quality press) for new 
high-ranking training posts to 
be created. 

“Whereas the industrial re- 
lations function has been on a 
decline over the last few 
years.” says Mr Webster, “the 
training role has grown. There 
are now a number of well- 
paid. senior jobs in training” 
Unfortunately, there are still a 


number of misconceptions 
about the nature of training 

“For too many people train- 
ing is equated with courses.” 
says Mr Webster. “A few years 
ago toe move to make training 
an 'oflrthejob' activity went 
too far so that it was seen as 
something which was rather 
narrow and isolated.” 

One of the institute's chief 
priorities, therefore, is to raise 
awareness of the scope of 
training In doing this it has a 
major ally in toe Manpower 
Services Commission. The 
two have been collaborating 
recently in preparing a man- 


agement awareness pro- 
gramme together with Trainer 
Support Services which will be 
launched at toe exhibition: 

The institute also welcomes 
toe trend for educational insti- 
tutions to become more in- 
volved in training and 
assessment Both the Depart- 
ment of Education and Sci- 
ence and the Manpower 
Services Commission have 
been nudging academics into 
sharing with industry their 
knowledge, skills and re- 
sources. And there have been 
some successes. Oxford Uni- 
versity will be prominent at 
the exhibition- . 


Even so. the major obstacle 
to training remains onejof 
attitudes.. . ■ 

What toe institute hopes for. . 
is that the “training cthps” _L - 
should percolate right through . . 
organizations so tharreyerjr- % 

line manager and ' superasoryX 

sees it as being a concert 
theirs. ; V ' 

Looking to toe finure.. ! ffie_' 
institute is planning for a newt - 
annual training conference tfr 'i 
be held in the spring -fcf.eaehX. 
year (starting in April 1 983) a- 

the Barbican. And. once that> 
established, there will be a. - 
major international , training V 
event at' the end of the decade- p . 



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THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 8 1986 K 




TRAINING FOR WORK/2 


A sobering shortage 


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;o update 


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and skills 


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•Those, . who have giggled 
tbrcfcgh one of John Geese's 
video training films ma y be 
disappointed the next time 
they see .video on their train- 
ing progcamme. Rather than 
pnjoymg 20 minutes of hu- 
mour they may find the video 
is -finch ed to a computer 
asTdhg them ‘ questions and 
demanding replies. ■ 


a piece of video or perhaps a 
still photograph will be sum- 
moned up through the- com- 
puter to give a demonstration. 

The result is that the video 
is being subordinated to teach- 


ing objectives. the flexibility 
of the screen, which can be 


used for moving pictures, text 
graphic illustration, or still 


It is. usually possible to 
con vey j ust half a dozen or so 
basic jpoints in a conventional 
20-m route film. and, as train- 
ing becomes more profession- 
al .and hard-headed, many 
trainers are now demanding 
more, for .their money. The 
role ■ of video in training 
therefore, may be about to 
change. ■ Instead of being a 
stand-alone medium it is like- 
ly to be found increasingly 
(and especially, via the video- 
disc) as an adjunct to comput- 
er-based training. 

The arrival of interactive . 
training packages, in which 
individuals work their way 
through a variety of material 
on a screen, is now with us. 
Trainees will be guided 
through the subject matter by 
a text, either in a book or on 
the screen. And where it is 
necessary to illustrate a point, 
such as a technique in the use 
of a too! or a selling skill, then 


Full of information 
and learning points 


photographs, frees the produc- 
er to switch from one tech- 
nique to another as the 
message demands. 

It will be terrific for the 
trainers — but may be frustrat- 
ing for the traditional produc- 
ers of 20-minute programmes 
who see the art disappearing 
from their craft. 


a! to illustrate a well-defined 
detail. 

“In fact, the initiative is 
passing from the film-maker 
to the professional trainer.” 

Mr Blakstad is involved in 
making five programmes for 
computer-company Digital. 
Although they are not interac- 
tive they are full of informa- 
tion and learning points — for 
more than he would ever have 
attempted in the old days. The 
programmes will take the 
place of the instructor on one 
of DEC'S in-house courses and 
the intention is to inform and 
educate the audience rather 
than entertain iL 





A couple of years ago the 
Manpower Services Commis- 
sion conducied.a survey of 
skill shortages, in Newbury, 
the town.. midway along the 
M4 rSili.«m corridor” be- 
tween Reading and Swindon. 

The ’results were .sobering,. 
Yes. there; .were significant 
skills' shortages and, predict- 
ably. ihfey occurred particular- 


ly in the field of engineering. 
Rui most acute of all thev 


But most acute of all they 
occurred at the technician 


level. As Tom King, then 
Secretary of State for "Employ, 
menu said; “The shortages in 
Newbury for skills in comput- 
er maintenance, design and 
testing, (and) for technicians 
are recurring all over the 
country.” 

The increasing demand for 
technicians' came as no sur- 
prise to the various profes- 
sional bodies which represent 
them. And. since the Newbury 
survey, the skills shortages 
have got worse. 

Because technician-level 
work is a cross between think- 
ing and doing, it has suffered 
in the status stakes. The prime 
body responsible for techni- 
cian qualifications is the Busi- 
ness and Technician 
Education Council (BTECj 
and one of its worries is that 
virtually anyone capable of 
scraping on to a degree course 
will do so. 

-At the lower level the 
problem of conflicting exam 
bodies bas choked the 


“Producing interactive vid- 
eo material will be less excit- 
ing than making a 20-minute 
film because there won't be 
ibe same challenge of building 
a story through pace and 
rhythm and holding the 
viewers' interest and attention 
over a number of minutes,” 
says Michael Blakstad, of the 
Video Disc Company. “In- 
stead it will be a matter of 
shooting much shorter roateri- 


The British interactive vid- 
eo market is small and strug- 
gling: Only a few companies— 
such as Patrick Friesner’s 
Interactive Information Sys- 
tems — can really claim to 
have cracked a market Al- 
though everyone recognizes 
that the potential is enormous 
there are practical and finan- 
cial problems. 




Screen training: Video discs give more information 


training packages for general 
audiences. 


Although Lloyds Bank re- 
rnily invested £4.5 million in 


cemly invested £4.5 million in 
installing workstations in 


Undoubtedly the biggest 
constrain! is the absence of 
enough interactive 

workstations (of video-disc 
player, microcomputer and 
video monitor) to create suffi- 
cient market for the wide- 
spread production of generic 


1,500 branches, few compa- 
nies are following its example. 
In fact, there is now talk of 
sponsoring workstations for 
schools to generate a much 
bigger market and give the 
industry some real 
momentum. 

Wbai is clear is ihat action 
is needed soon to give encour- 
agement to UK companies 
and stimulate the growth of a 


home industry. The danger is 
that our indigenous products 
may wiiber, leaving the field | 
wide open for US imports 
which have been tarted up for 
British audiences. ’ 

The joker in the pack, 1 
however, may be the Man- , 
power Services Commission, 
its rumoured intention of 
putting a College of the Air on 
Channel 4 and BBC2 during 
night-time hours may well 
direct producers of training 
videos down a new track and 
where interactive video fits 
into that remains to be seen. 


throughput of upwardly-mo- 
bile craftsmen. The result has 
been a shortage of adequately 
trained people in the middle- 
range. 

Yet more than ever, the 
demand for people who can 
both think and do is strongest. 
Many of the functions tradi- 
tionally 1 performed, by 
technics ns (such as test quali- 
ty assurance and production 
supervision) are becoming 
more sophisticated. The intro- 
duction of computer-aided de- 


Big demand for those 
who can think and do 


sign is enhancing the 
technicians* role in the design 
process. And on the shop-floor 
computer-aided manufacture 
is upgrading the skills needed 
both by maintenance staff and 
skilled production workers. 

Bui there are dangers in 
generalizing about techni- 
cians. For example, the subtle- 
ties of status have created two 
classes in engineering — the 
engineering technician and the 
technician engineer - and 
never the twain shall meet. 

In the hotel and catering 
industry, by contrast, there is 
little, if any, distinction drawn 
between the graduate hotelier 
and the Higher National-qual- 
ified person. And in the field 
of design . (graphic, fashion, 
industrial) the relationship be- 
tween -those qualified via 


BTECs higher national diplo- 
ma (the technicians) and 
CNAA's degree (the conceiv- 
es) pretty well defies any 
definition which is acceptable 
to both sides. 

What is dear already is that 
technicians are at last receiv- 
ing their fong overdue recogni- 
tion. The present BTEC 
campaign. Engineering 
Change, is enjoying consider- 
able support in bringing to- 
gether industrialists and 
educationists to hammer out 
what must be done to keep 
technician-training in line 
with the changes in the fac- 
tories and design offices. 

The Open BTEC pro- 
gramme. in conjunction with 
Macmillan Education, is mak- 
ing BTEC business qualifica- 
tions available through open 
learning. And the overall 
number of students registered 
for BTEC qualifications went 
up by 20 per cent between 
1982 and 1984. 


The upwards drive though 
isn't restricted to BTEC alone. 
The City and Guilds of Lon- 
don Institute is pushing for- 
ward a campaign to establish 
in Britain the equivalent of the 
German Meister — the senior 
craftsman — who can control 
resources, manage projects 
and also communicate his 
skills. In the light of develop- 
ments in the youth training 
scheme the person who can 
both do arid teach is likely to 
be especially imponanL 


Beware computer cowboys 


Whatever else may be happen- 
ing in the training field there is 
a fantastic boom in teaching 
people how to nse their com- 
puters. The demand is coming 
from both large and small 
companies, the self-employed 
and private individuals. In- 
deed the world seems to be 
dividing into those who deliver 
computer training and those 
who receive it 

Such an explosion in de- 
mand obviously creates oppor- 
tunities for cowboys, so 
caution and careful investiga- 
tion are essential before in- 
vesting money in a training 
course. 

Perhaps the most startling 
feature of the current scene is 
that (as predicted) computer 
training really seems to have 
become a non-stop process. As 
soon as yon have mastered one 
technique yon need to go away 
and learn somethiim else. . 

“We are serving raegeftera- 
tion gap — the people who left 
school before computers were 
introduced but who have still 
got years of -working life ahead 
of them,** said Anthony 
Gribhons of the Pitman Com- 
puter Training Centre, “so we 
provide a range of courses 


ranging from computer appre- 
ciation for managers and word 
processing for secretaries, 
through to applications of the 
most common software 
packages.” 


The emergence of popular 
computer packages in opera- 
tion with thousands of users 
has led to a well defined 
market for applications-based 
courses. Symphony, Frame- 
work, Lotus, Multiplan and 
M ultimate are popular and 
Pitman certainly find a larger 
than expected demand for 
them. 


But became the hunger for 
training often exceeds' the 
available supply of trainers 
(and training finance), nsers 
are -Starting to look for alterna- 
tive sources of tuition. 


: White Rose systems acts as 
the UK distributor for the US- 
made Learning Center and 
.reckons that ft hgs come up 
with one solution to the prob- 
lem based on the interactive 
videodisc and delivers comput- 
er training (via a monitor) for 
ail the common packages — 
Wordstar, dBase II and dBase 
IH, Lotus and so on. 


I I I I 1 I 


Education, 
Training & 
Personnel 
Development 


m The Bth Annual Exhibition and Conference ■ 

■ 8/lOthfoly 1988 National Exhihitton Centre m 

■ HOURS: 9.30 - 5.00 (9.30 - 4.00 Thursday) £ 

■ FREE car parking. FREE catalogue ^ 
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Most successful British companies have recognised the of schemes, for people who are prepared to acquire the right skills 

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They see that in today’s economic climate, a 'well-trained the importance of training. .... „ , . . 


workforce is an important factor for commercial success. 


This applies to newcomers to industry, as well as re-training 


W IV WII im|VVI Ml II IUVLUI IUI V#WI I ll I IWI VIMI wuwww. . . ..w — 1-| • *L 

Surprisingly there are still companies who haven't got the for those who are already working in it. 


message. Not surprisingly they are among the lowest-performing 
They fail to recognise that the world has changed since Britain was f a 

its industrial leader. Consequently, in key areas, our training I gjl 

record lags well behind some of our main competitors, such I H 
as Germany, Japan and the United States. I ■ 

The 'Action for Jobs’ booklet brings together a variety 


These programmes all recognise that in todays world of 
fast-moving technology, training cannot be seen as a once-and-for- 
all operation, but must be a continuous process. 

The ‘Action for Jobs! booklet gives details of these 
schemes. Ask your secretary to send in the coupon for a 
copy, or pick one up at your main Post Office or Jobcentre. 


US 


Programmes by Ihe Dewdmeni 
of Dripioymem and ifw Manpower 
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To: Action for Jobs, FREEPOST Curzon House, 
20-24 Lonsdale Road, London NW6 1YR 
Please send me the 'Action for Jobs' booklet 


Name 

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n Cl to r» r» -a A 













THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 8 1986 



COURT 

AND 

SOCIAL 


Saleroom 


Mixed prices for Asian art 


By Hood MaJlalien 


COURT 

CIRCULAR 


BUCKINGHAM PALACE 
July 7: The Prince Edward. 
Chairman of The Duke of 
Edinburgh's Award Scheme 
30ih Anniversary Tribute 
project, visited the Isle of Man 
today, where His Royal High- 
ness presided at Tynwald. 

The Prince Edward travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen's 
Flight and was received upon 
arrival at Ronaldsway Airport 
by the Lieutenant-Governor of 
the Isle of Man I His Excellency 
Major-General Laurence New). 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 

By command of The Queen, 
the Viscount Long (Lord in 
Wailing) was present at 
Heathrow Airport. London this 
morning upon the arrival of the 
Governor-General of Belize and 
■ welcomed Her Excellency on 
behalf of Her Majesty. 

The Queen was represented 
bv Major-General Sir Peter 
Gillen (Governor of the Mili- 
tary Knights of Windsor) at the 
Memorial Service for Major- 
General Sir Edmund Hakewill 
Smith (formerly Governor of 
the Military Knights of Wind- 
sor) which was held in St 
George's Chapel. Windsor Cas- 
tle today. 

The Duke of Edinburgh was 
represented by Lieutenant- 
Colonel Sir John Johnston. 
KENSINGTON PALACE 
July 7: The Princess Margaret, 
Countess of Snowdon, this after- 
noon attended a party to cele- 
brate the 85th anniversary of the 
Victoria League for Common- 
wealth Friendship, of which Her 
Royal Highness is President, at 
St James's Palace. 

The Lady Glenconner was in 
attendance. 

July 7: The Duchess of Glouces- 
ter was admitted into the 
Honorary Freedom of the 
Worshipful Company of Gold 


Forthcoming 

marriages 


Dr S.P. Allen 
and Dr D.E. Saunders 
The engagement rs announced 
between Stephen, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs Peter J. Allen, of 
Luton. Bedfordshire, and Dawn, 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Peter M. Saunders, of Milford. 
Surrey. 

Mr P. Buxton 
and Miss E. Winch 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs Ronald Buxton, of 
Kimberley Hall. Norfolk, and 
Eleanor, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Richard Winch, of 
Swanington Manor, Norfolk. 

Mr G. Dinmore 
and Miss CM. Harper 
The engagement is announced 
between Guy. son of Drand Mis 
P. Dinmore, of Rugby. 
Warwickshire, and Caroline, 
second daughter of Mr and Mrs 
RJ. Harper, of Swanmore, 
Hampshire. 

Mr CI.C Smith 
and Miss HJ.B. Vernon- Parry 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, elder son 
of Mr and Mrs Peter Smith, of 
Wingrave. Aylesbury, 

Buckinghamshire, and Jane, 
younger daughter of Mr and Mrs 
James Vemon-Parry. of Carlton 
Forest, Worksop. 

Nottinghamshire. 


BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, 
DEATHS ad IN MEKOBIAM 
£4 a Km + 15% VAT 

(minimum 3 Lucsl 


Announcements, aulhcmknlcd by the 
name and permanent address of the 


name and permanent address 
sender, may be sent to 


THE TIMES 
PO BOX 434 
Virginia Street 
London El 


or telephoned (by telephone subs- 
cibcr. only) 10 '. 01-481 8024 


Announcements can he received by 
telephone between 9.00am and 
SJOpm Monday to Friday, on Satur- 
day between 9.00am and 12 noon. 
(Sf-48l 4000 Oiriil. For poblicaik 


(81-481 4100 (brill- For publication the 
following day phone by 1.30pm. 


FOrmtCOMBK MMMWES, WEOOR6S 

cicoo Court and Social Page 1S« Cat 
+ 15% VAT. 


Court and Social announce, 
menu can not be accepted by 
telephone. Enquiries to; 01-822 8953 
(after iOJOam). or send to: 

t. PiisIsbIiu amt, iMriM El. 


Please allow at hast 48 how before 
publication. 


_ Now therefore, o Ooa. nrm«tnm nv 


Nthonteli Sc 9 


BIRTHS 


JULBUTT - On 2nd July to Nicola (ote 
Mayburyl and Craham. a daughter, 
Katherine Helen. 

BECKMAN on June 19th, lo Rosalind 
inee Lenga) and Brian, a son. Joshua 
Gavrtel Philip, a brouter for Jona- 
than Dov and Daniel Yehuda. 

BERRY - On 6th July, to Mouse (nte 
Frances Maegregor) and Sieve, a 
daughter. 

BOW - On 3rd Jiriy lo Alison inte 
Forbes) and Anthony. God’s gtfl of a 
daughter. Ertca Joanna, a sister for 
Alexander and Imogen. 

COLE - On July 3rd. to Elizabeth inte 
Staten and Rodertc. a daughter. Al- 
ice Elizabeth. 

CONNELLY • On 3rd July, at SL 
Peter’s Hospital. Chersey ‘oJtmute 
and Philip- a son. Andrew Philip- a 
brother for Ruth. 

DAVIES - On 30th June, at The Jessop 
Hospital. Sheffield, to Michelle and 
Philip, (he gift of a son. Thomas 
William. 

ECKERSLEY on July 3rd lo Caroline 
(Chippies) and Roger, a daughter. 

FAGAN on July 6Ui lo Susan inee 
Hume> and John, twins, a son and a 
daughter. 

GIBBS ■ William Marlin, born In Bris- 
tol on 29ft June to Ginny and 
Aniony. a brother for Bubs. Abe. 
Emmy and Rose. 

MUST - on 6th July. 1986 ai the Port- 
land HospiiaL to Nathalie inee 
Nunan) and Stephen- a daughter. Lu- 
cie Anne- 

MATUSIAK on July 3rd at IctgMan 
Hospital. Crewe. io Jill inrie Law. 
rezice.t and BMh. a daughter. Katie. 

MESSEL - To Pepc and Thomas, on 
Thursday. 3rd July at Queen 
Charlotte's Hospital. London W6. a 

. .son. HaroM. . 

OXALLAGHAH - on July 3rd lo 
Frances (nee Carton and Henry, a 
daughter. Kate EHzaoeft. 

PAGE On July 6ih. to Jackie and Sean, 
a daughter Victoria Frances, a gift 1 
from heaven. 


and Silver Wvre Drawers and 
was later entertained to Lun- 
cheon at Innholders' HaJL 
London. 

Mre Michael Wigley was in 
attendance. 

YORK HOUSE 
ST JAMES’S PALACE 
July 7: The Duke of Kent. 
President or the Scout Associ- 
ation. today opened the 25th 
anniversary exhibition at Ba- 
den-Powell House, London 
SW7. 

Captain Michael Campbcll- 
Lamerton was in attendance 

The Duchess of Kent, Patron, 
this evening attended the Berke- 
ley Square Ball- 

Miss Sarah Partridge was in 
attendance. 

THATCHED HOUSE LODGE 
July 7: Princess Alexandra, 
Chancellor, this afternoon pre- 
sided at two congregations for 
the conferment or degree at the 
University of Lancaster. 

Her Royal Highness travelled 
to Lancashire in an aircraft of 


A sale of Sooth-east Asian, 
Indian and Tibetan works of 
art at Sotheby's yesterday met 
with a mixed reception. Al- 
though many dealers from 
Thailand were not bidding, 
their absence was largely off- 
set by mmtefons private buy- 
ers from Europe and America. 

Khmer and Tluu bronze 
sculptures were only in de- 
mand if there was something 
exceptional about them. With 
a fifteenth or sixteenth-centu- 
ry Thai bronze sealed Buddab 
in the U-Thong style, ft was 
the size, 52% in, which pro- 
voked a bid of £ 30,800 from a 
private collector (estimate 
£20,000-£30,000). 

A South Indian bronze 
standing figure of Parvati, 
dating from abont the eleventh 
century, also did well, making 


£23,100 (estimate £15,000- 
£20,000). It was sold on behalf 
of the Los Angeles Comity 
Museum, to which it had been 
presented in 1979. 


Perhaps the most surprising 
price in die morning session of 
the sale, which produced a 
total of £280,485 inth a little 
over 30 per cent bought in, was 
the £18,700 paid by a dealer 
from Switzerland bidding 
against an American collector 
for a Tibetan Thamg-Ka 
painting of Dharmapala 
Mahkakt as Protector of the 
Temple (estimate £3,000- 
£4,000). 


The Queen's Flight 
Lady Mary Mumford was in 
attendance. 


The Queen, accompanied by the 
Duke of Edinburgh, will take the 
salute at a performance of the 
Royal Tournament at Earl's 
Court on July 16. 

The Queen, accompanied by the 
Duke of Edinburgh, will visit 
the borough of Newham on July 
16 to re-open the restored West 
Ham Town Hall. 

The Duke of Edinburgh will 
attend the CBFs twenty-first 
anniversary celebration at Cen- 
tre Point, WCI, on July 16. 


Birthdays today 

Lord Allen of Abbcydale. 74; Mr 
Jon Banncnberg. 57: Dr R.S. 
Barnes. 62: Eh* Kate Bertram. 
74: Sir Peter Darby. 62: Mr 
Leslie East 37: Mr Keith Field- 
ing. 37: Sir Ian Gilmour. MP. 
60: Mr Bruce GyngelL 57; Dr 
D.B. Harden. 85; Sir Austin 
Bradford Hill, 89: Major-Gen- 
eral R.B. Loudoun. 64: Briga- 
dier G.L. Prendergast. 81: Sir 
Roy Shaw. 68: Air Vice-Marshal 
Sir Victor Taiu 94: Mr Brian 
Walden. 54: Sir Peter Watkin 
Williams. 75: Air Chief Marshal 
Sir Neil Wheeler. 69: Lieuten- 
ant-General Sir John WorsJey. 
74. 


Receptions 


The second son of Mr and Mrs 
Richard Lewis was christened 
Nicholas Charles Alan by his 
grandfather, the Rev T.A. 
Lewis, assisted by the Rev D.W. 
Davis on Sunday. June 15. 
1986. at the Church of St 
Michael and All Angels. Aston 
Clinton. Buckinghamshire. The 
godparents arc Mr Alan Sylves- 
ter. Mr Alan Oliver and Miss 
Elizabeth Glasscy. 


Memorial service 


Mr D.M.B. Sole 
and Miss J. Tr em ba t h 
The engagement is announced 
bewieen David, son of Mr and 
Mrs T.L. Sole, of Glenbuchat, 
Stralhdon, and Jane, elder 
daughter of Mrs Robina 
Trembath. of Bristol, and the 
late R.M. Trembath. 


Major-General Sir Edmond 
Hakewill Smith 

The Queen was represented by 
Major-General Sir Peter Gillen, 
Governor of the Military 
Knights of Windsor, and the 
Duke of Edinburgh by Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Sir John Johnston, 
at a memorial evensong for 
Major-General Sir Edmund 
Hakewill Smith held in St 
George's Chapel. Windsor Cas- 
tle. yesterday. The Rev Frank 
Baker officiated at evensong and 
the Dean of Windsor, who also 
read the second lesson, led the 
memorial service. Canon John 
White read the first lesson. 


Victoria League for Common- 
wealth Friendship 
Princess Margaret. President of 
the Victoria League for 
Commonwealth Friendship, 
was the guest of honour at a 
reception held yesterday after- 
noon at St James's Palace to 
mark the eighty-fifth birthday of 
the league. The guests were 
received by Lord Madehose of 
Bench, chairman. 

Durbar Club 

Lord Glendevon. Founder of 
the Durbar Cub. and Lady 
Glendevon were present at its 
fifth anniversary reception held 
on Thursday. July 3. at St 
James's Court. SW1. Mr 
Narindar Saroop. co-founder 
and chairman of the club, 
received the members and their 
guests who included: 

Lord Mowbray. Svgrave and 
siounor. Mr David Waddlngton. QC. 
mp. and Mrs Waddlngion. Mr John 
Wakoham tGo\i-rnment ctuef Whin). 
Mr Jonn BHfcn. MP. Mr Timotey 


Raison. MP. Mr John Cope. (Deputy 
Chin" Whip). Sir Cordon Prrcr. Sir 
Christopher and Lad y Lawson. 
Nawabzada and Bogun Monboob am 
K han. Mr N Sen and Commodore 
Layman. 


Luncheon 


Mr S.L.E. Stnunia 
and Miss J.G. Groves 
The engagement is announced 
between Sebastiano. elder son of 
the late Mr Francesco Strum ia 
and of Mre Maria-Pia Strum ia, 
of Rome. Italy, and Joanna, 
second daughter of Mr J.C. 
Groves and the late Mre Flavia 
Spalazzi Groves, of London and 
Rome. 


Mr J.P. Yates 
and Miss J. Rhodes 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy, younger son of 
Mr J.G. Yates, of Rode. Somer- 
set, and Mrs J. Craven, of West 
Puiford. North Devon, and 
Jane, daughter of Mr and Mre 
H.C. Rhodes, of Sedlescombe. 
East Sussex. 



Company of Gold and Silver 
Wyre Drawers 

The Duchess of Gloucester was 
admitted to the Honorary Free- 
dom of the Company of Gold 
and Silver Wyre Drawers at the 
quarterly court held yesterday at 
Innholders' HalL Mr Ronald R. 
ElliotL Master, presided and a 
luncheon was held afterwards. 


Claremont Fan Court 
School 


Latest wills 

Lieutenant-General Sir John 
Bagot Glnbb, who as Glubb 
Pasha was commander of the 
.Arab Legion, left estate valued 
at £201,731 net 


The annual Summer meeting of 
Claremont Iran Court School 
will be held on Saturday, July 
12, 1986. at 2.30 pm at Clare- 
mont, Esher, Surrey. This year 
the guest speakers will be Mr 
Bernard WeatherilL Speaker of 
the House of Commons, and 
Mrs Weatherill, a 
Claremonlian. All past pupils, 
former staff and friends are 
especially welcome at this 
meeting. 


Mr BA. Young 
and Miss KJVf . Hodge 


The engagement is announced 
between Bryan, second son of 
Mr and Mrs George Young, of 
Chislehurst, Kent, and 


Kairione. younger daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Martin Hodge, of 
Orpington. Kent. 


Corrections 

The name of E S. Disley was 
omitted from the Cambridge 
Historical Tripos, Part l,Ctass2 
Division 1, list published on 
July 7. 

The names of S. D. Green and B. 
J. Hassett were omitted from the 
Mathematical Tripos. Part lb. 
Class 3. on July 3 


Loughborough 

University 

Members of Royce Hall. Lough- 
borough University, who have 
not received an invitation to the 
feast on September 20. 1986. 
commemorating the hall’s silver 
jubilee (and held in conjunction 
with the Loughborough Guild of 
Graduates Triennial Reunion) 
.arc invited to write to the 
Warden. Professor P. Havard- 
Wifiiams. for an invitation and 
details of the day's programme, j 


Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 


PALMER - On 6ft July ai St Mary's. 
Manchester, to Carat (nee Grovenor) 
and Michael, a son. Max, 

SMPSOM On 3rd July 1986 at 
Hexham lo Pamela and Alan a son 
Edward John WOliam. 

WARNER - On July 8th. to Sophie (nee 
Davis) and Robert, a son. Henry 
Francis. 


DOWME - On 7ft July. 1986 Kather- 
ine. aged 76 years, of BUitorook. 
Lincolnshire and formerly of Shef- 
field. Beloved wire of the late Dr R. 
O. Downle. Funeral private. 


LOVETT Peacefully after a short Ill- 
ness 6ft July. Robert Lovett of 
Havant- Funeral St James’ Church. 
Emsworth. it. 15am Tuesday 15th 
July. 


MARRIAGES 


ACNEWt MacKELLAR - On July 6ft. 
ai Symington Kirk. Ayrshire. Blair, 
elder son or Mr and Mrs Blair Awtew 
to Kathryn, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Peter MacKeBar- 


CRACE on 3rd July 1986. Juana Luka 
(Joan/Anita). tale of R ub e m brtdge. 
Service at Eastbourne Crematorium. 
Thursday 10ft Jidy 1986 at 4 pm. 
Family flowers only. Donations If de- 
sired to St Michaels Pain Relief 
Trust. 241 Wishing Tree Road. S( 
Leonards an Sea. East Sussex TN38 
9LA- 


MAKMS on July 2nd in GUtarallar. 
peacefully after a long Illness. Maisle. 
beloved wife of Sir Paul Makins and 
beloved mother or Patrick Bowen 
and Archbishop Michael Bowen. 
RJP. 


DEATHS 


HARRISON On 6ft July 86. in hospi- 
tal. John Harold Harrison, loved 
rafter of Clare. Pruc and James. Ser- 
vice West London Crematorium. 
NWIO. Friday nth July 3.15pm. 
Family flowed only. 


■HHTY on July 2nd. 1986. peacefully 
I a! Weymouot and Dfctrirt Hospital 
Ernest Leslie, barrister, beloved hus- 
band of the late Peggy Minty. 

I Committal has taken place. Enquiries 
lo Bln don Abbey. 0929 463719. 


AYLCS - On July 6ft. 1986 at Ws 
home. Comfort's Cottage. Love Lane. 
Bembridge. Peter Ayles. M B. EL (Ma- 
jor. Hampshire Regiment and 
Hovercraft ptoneerL Beloved hus- 
band of Monica. Funeral Sendee at 
Holy Trinity Church. Bembridge. 1. 
w. on Wednesday. July 9Ui at 1.30 
pm. rollowed by private cremation. 
Family Rowers only- Donations In 
tteu to Cancer Research. 

BMHNGTON - On July 4ft. 1986. 
peacefully at home after a short Ill- 
ness. LL CoL Me IvfBe BaMngTOn. 
M.C. Darting husband or Lorraine, 
dearest father of Alastair. Richard. 
Anne-Marie. Nicky and daughteis4n- 
law. Ann. Sandra and Rita. Much 
loved g ra ndfather of Georgina. Ed- 
ward. Victoria. Alexandra. Sen. 
Kelly and Oaruiy. Mass at 11.00 am. 
SL Charles Church. Heath Road, 
weybrfdge. Friday. July lift Fam- 
ily Dowers only. If wished, donations 
lo Princess Alice HaspKe. Esher. 

BEST-SHAW - on 8th July at Baxley 
Abbey. Elizabeth aged 9a wife or the 
late Sir John Besl-Shaw. Bt. Requiem 
and Funeral at SL Mary and All 
Saints Church. Baxley on Friday. 
1 llh July at 3.00 pm for family and 
local friends. Garden flowers only. 
R.LP. 

BROWN - On July 6ft. 1986. peaceful- 
ly at home. Estoril. The Drive. 
Rtckmanswmth. Herts. Edward 
Brown, aged 76. Dearly loved hus- 
band of Cicely, father or Richard. 
Christopher and Stuart, grandfather 
of Caroline. Nicholas. Susannah. Jo- 
anna. Laura and Mathew. Funeral 
Service and Cremation at the Chd- 
lerns Crematorium. Amersham. 
Bucks at 5.30 pm on Friday. July 
lift. Family nowssonbr, but dona- 
tions may be sent lo the HareffeM 
Hospital Fund. Middlesex or Asthma 
and Chest Research. 

BU&MLL-MATTHEWS Phyllis Ismay 
Inshaw. O.B.E.. peacefully on 4ft 
July. 1986 at ‘BushcrofT. 17 Rotten 
Park Road. Edgbastoo. beloved wife 
of BwbDL mother of Hazel and Phil- 
ip. and grandmother of David. 
Andrew. Michael. Julie. Lucy and 
william. Funeral Service ai Birming- 
ham Cathedral on Monday. 14ft 
July at 11.30 am - afterwards at 
Lodge Hill Crematorium. 1.00 pm. 
Flowers direct lo the cathedral 
please. 

CHATER Angus - Beloved son of Ali- 
son and Robin, husband of Pam and 
brother of Judy, tragically In Hawaii. 
July 5Ui. 

COLONNA A STWLIANO - On July 
6th. peacefully at King Edward VII 
Hospital for Officers. Annabel, much 
loved wife of Fabto and mother of 
Stefanoand Otlavla. daughter of Mo- 
tor H H. Sykes and Mrs H- F. 
Stanley, greatly loved by all her fam- 
ily and many friends. Requem Mass 
al Farm Street Church. W1 on Tues- 
day. July Bib al 10.46 am. Burial at 
New Abbey In Dwnfrtessnire. Scot- 
land at 2.00 pm on Thursday. July 
10ft. Enquiries. William jantine. 3 
Crowns Court. Dumfries. Tel. 
>55618. 


HEBDfTCH David Henry of New Crass 
Fruit Farm. South Pefterton. Be- 
loved husband of Heather, loving 
father of Rachel. Elaine, and wil- 
liam. Grandfather of Thomas. 
James. Alexander. Benjamin. Funer- 
al service Mid Lambrook Untied 
Reform Church on Wednesday July 
9ft al 3pm. family flowers only. Do- 
nations if desired to the Taunton 
Branch of the Parkinson Disease So- 
ciety c/o Irish & Denman. Funeral 
Directors. South Petherton. 


NEWBURY - Suddenly on July 6ft. Dr 
I C. Renton Newbury. C.B.E- In Mel- 
bourne. Australia. President of the 
Federation Denpaire Internationale. 
Deeply mourned by wife, children, 
grandchildren, friends and col- 
leagues an over the world. The 
Funeral will take place In SL John's 
Church. Toorak. on Thursday. July 
1 0th at 2.00 pm. Details of a Memori- 
al Service In London to be 
announced. 


HOOfflOWR Dr Robert husband of 
Ottfllia former husband of Ruth lov- 
ing father of Rfana and Sylvia, on 5th 
July 1986 In San Antonio Texas af- 
ter a tong Illness stoically borne. No 
(lowers, donations tf desired lo Mac- 
millan Cancer Rebel Fund 15/19. 
Britten Street London SW3 Srv. 


PROmme Frank Hubert Of 12 
Beech Grange. Landfont nr Salis- 
bury. Headmaster of Toynbee 
School, on 6ft July. 1986 ai home. 
Funeral Sendee al Bramshaw 
Church on Thursday. lOft July M 
2.00 pm. Family flowers only. Dona- 
Uons. If des i red, to Cancer Research, 
c/o Deputy Headmistress. Toynbee 
School. Chandler’s Ford. Hampshire. 


NOPE - On July 4ft. peacefully in hos- 
pital. Patricia fnee Purser), beloved 
wife of John. Funeral Service al 
Holy Trinity R. C. Church. Chipping 
Norton, at 2.00 pm on Thursday. 
July lOft. Private Cremation. No 
flowers but donations to Cancer Re- 
lief. if desired. 


tOSERTSON - On July 3rd. Mandy 
Robertson, daughter of J-A-C. Rob- 
ertson. C.B.E. (deceased) and Diana 
V. Thomson. Cremation Service al 
Golden Green on Friday. July lift 
for family only. No flowers. 


KFTBtr - On July 1st 1986. suddenly 
at his son’s home in Herefordshire. 
Hugh Munro Keebte. M.A. tOxoroof 
Cane Abbas. Dorset aged 87. Be- 
loved husband. father and 

grandfather. For many years 
Housemaster and Senior Science 
Master at Bromsgrove School. Pri- 
vate cremation took place al 
Hereford on July 7th 1986. 


K1DSTON - On 5ft July 1986. peace- 
fuUyal a Nursing Home in London in 
her 88ft year. A ones Penelope, wid- 
ow of Colonel Richard Kldston. 
formerly of Helensburgh, and much 
loved mother of Adrian (killed in ac- 
tion. 19441. Mary and Penny. 
Funeral private. 


ROBINSON Anne (nee Wilson!, aged 
76. formerly of SI Michael's Road. 
Btundeilsands. peacefully on July 
6ft ai fte Royal Free Hospital. 
Hampstead. Devoted wife of Ber- 
nard. dearly lov ed Mother of Anne 
and Peter and Nana of Emma. Forti- 
fied by fte last riles of fte Church. 
The Funeral win take place at mid- 
day July 12ft al St Peler and Paul's 
Church. Liverpool Road. Great Cros- 
by. No wreaths please. Flowers and 
all enoumes to Coyne Brothers. 87 
Sr af Orth Road. Liverpool 21. lei: OS1 
928 3763. 


KRAEMER On 4lh July. 1986. In 
Orono. Ontario. Canada. Joseph Al- 
fred. Squadron Leader R.A.F. tret’di. 


LIMB Anthony, suddenly at his home 
on 4Ui July 1986. Ho Is mourned by 
Ms wife Yvonne and his sons Patrick 
and Gregory- Funeral private. No 
flowers please. 


RYKR-MCHARDSON - On 6Ui July. 
1986. peacefully at home. Pamela 
Kennedy of Church Farm. 
Siddlngion. Cirencester. Cl os. Dearly 
. loved mother of Molly and much 
loved grandmother. Funeral Servke 
private. No letters- Flowers if 
wished. Any enquiries to Packer A 
Slade. (Funeral Directors). TN. 
Cirencester 3525. 


LOCKE ■ On July 4ft. peacefully at 
home. 26 Brampton Square. SW3. 
Betty Drewe. beloved sister of Barba- 
ra. roving aunt of Hugo and Julian. 
Funeral at Holy Trinity. Brampton. 
Thursday. July lOth at 3.00 pm. 
Cremation at Putney Vale. Flowers 
and enquiries to J. H. Kenyon Lid. 49 
Marioes Road. Kensington w& 


SHERMAN Archie - Passed away sud- 
denly in London, on July 4ft. 1986. 
Will be sadly missed by his loving 
wife. Mariorle. his daughters 
Rosalyn. Jackie. Diana, his soits-ln- 
law Michael. Nicholas. Allan and his 
grandchildren David and Nicole. 
RhUlp. Jeremy and Anthony. Daniel 
and Lisa and all tus family and 
friends. He will always be remem- 
bered for his wonderful deeds. 
Funeral look place in brad on July 
71h 


LOWE On July 6ft 1986. Peacefully 
Richard Geoffrey Haney, beloved 
and loving Husband of the late Joan 
Dorothy- rafter of Jill and John and 
grandfather or Christopher, Geof- 
frey Nicola. Maftew and Emma. 
Funeral at St Nicholas Church. Sand- 
hurst. Kent. On Thursday 17Ui July 
at 2.30 pro. No flowers but donation 
■f desired to the Kent Grant)' cneftef 
dub Benevolent Fund- c o E R 
Hicfcmott & Son. 41 Grove HUl Rd. 
Tunbridge W«te. 


STtLWELL Maria - On 6Ui July, ft Sin- 
Ira. Portugal, peattfuliy after a tong 
illness, aged 94 Devoted wife of (he 
laie William SUlweu. loving mother 
of Molly. Francis. Michael. Peter and 
Ton> (deceased). John. Henry. Eliza- 
beth. Bina and - Margaret Devoted 
maiher-ln-law. grandmother and 
great grandmother a: id Avo to so 
many. Memorial Mass at St- Mary’s 
Church. Cadogan Street. London 
SW3 on Thursday. I Oft July at 6.30 
pm 


This bold and colourful 
work was catalogued as seven- 
teenth ceotery, bat such is die 
present stale of Tibetan schol- 
arship that It might in fret 


have been 200 years older. 

The morning session of a 

sale of Chinese export porce- 
lain and works of art at 
Christie's made a total of 
£180J08 with 19 per cent 
bought in. A Quianloag fa- 
millf rose figure iff a Dutch 
merchant sold for £37,800 
(estimate £25,000-£35,000). 

It may not have been flatter- 
ing to the eighteenth-century 
Dutch, bat it obviously ap- 
pealed to their English con- 
temporaries, since it was 
apparently owned by the nn- 
fortnnate Admiral Bing. 

A Qmanlong fiunille rose 
tureen and cover modelled as a 
goose, again probably intend- 
ed for the Dutch market, sold 
for £9,180 (estimate £5,000- 
£ 8 , 000 ). 


Marriages 


Mr C J. Caminada 
and Miss C.H. Sameelson 
The marriage look place on 
Saturday. July 5. at St Peter's 
Church. UgJey. of Mr Charles 
Caminada. only son of the late 
Mr and Mre Jerome Caminada, 
and Miss Claire Sara ue Ison, 
younger daughter of Mr and Mre 
Peter Samuelson. of Ugley Hall. 
UgJey, Essex. The Rev Brian 
Green officiated, assisted by Mr 
C.P. Jennings. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Lucy Young. 
Sophie Crouch, Amelia Beau- 
mont. Emma Buxton and James 
Wightman. Mr Andrew John- 
son was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
home of the bridei and the . 
honeymoon is being spent 
abroad. 

Mr MJXJ. Dunkley 
and Miss AJ>. O'Callaghan 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. June 28, 1986. at the 
Sacred Heart Church, Cobb am, 
Surrey, of Mr Marcus. Dunkley. 
elder son of Lieutenant-Colonel 
and Mrs Norman Dunkley, of 
Hythe. Kent and Miss Anne 
O'Callaghan, elder daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Senan O’CaTlaghan. 
of Boston. Massachusetts. 
United States. 

A reception was held at 
Heywood Manor. Cobham. 


Keep Britain 
Tidy Group 


The Duke of Gloucester made 
presentations at the Queen 
Mother's Birthday Awards 
Ceremony on July 4 at 
GulldhalL Lord Parry was the 
host. The awards, decided by the 
Keep Britain Tidy Group, are 
named after the patron. Queen 
Elizabeth the Queen Mother, 
and recognize outstanding effort 
in - promoting environmental 
improvement through the 
Beautiful Britain campaign, 
including fitter abatement. A 
special presentation was made 
to Lady Brunner. 

The Duke of Gloucester pre- 
sented the Queen Mother’s 
Birthday Trophy to Barren 
Developments pic and Premier 
Class awards to North Tyneside 
Metropolitan Borough Council, 
the Yorkshire Rural Commu- 
nity CounciL the Convention of 
Scottish Local Authorities, the 
Keep Ashfield Tidy Squad and 
Mre Marie Pearson. Other local 
authorities, companies, vol- 
Hnlary organizations, statutory 
bodies, youth groups and in- 
dividuals received .commenda- 
tions and special mentions. 


SWINDELLS Kaftlem of SL Nicholas 
N untng Home. Shertngham. i<eace- 
fiilly on July 6ft. 1986 aged 91. 
Widow of Alan Swindells and sadly 
missed by her children. daugtiteroJn- 
law. grandchildren and great 
grandchildren. Funeral Service at All 
Saints Church. D e cst c m Regis on 
Wednesday- July 9ft at 3.30 pm. 
Family flowers only. Donations, if 
desired, to Help fte Aged, c/o of 
Blyth’s Funeral Services. 4 Cramer 
StreeL Shertngham. Norfolk. 

SWMTON PARKER - On 6ft July. 
Irene Leonora (n4e PraeceL peaceful- ■ 
iy at Courtiands. Exmouft -In her. 
93rd year. Dear wife of Charles. 1 

• • mother of Virginia Crawr— grand- 
mother of Nigel. Enaubles lo Crew. I 
Tetbury (0666) 53366. , 

TOQTHRJ. • Peacefully at Spynie Hos- ! 
pi tal. Elgin on Saturday. July 5ft. 
1986. Sir John Norman. C.8X.. hus- 
band of Ethel (rtee StannardL New 
Lodge. OnHa ufcsh. Fochabers, retired 
Managing Director of Ferranti Ltd. 
Scotland. Service at Aberdeen Cre- 
matorium. Hazkftead (West Chapel) 
on Wednesday. July 9ft at 12.16 
pm. No callers or letters please. 

TREVELYAN On July 6ft at Simons 
Close. Baftampton Lane. Baft. Maud 
Dorathe. wife of fte late Prebendary 
C.W. Trevelyan. Funeral at St Nicho- 
las Church. Baftampton. Friday July 
lift 2-30pm. Followed by crema- 
tion. Family flowers only. 

VOYNOVICH On 3rd July 1986. at his 
home Warfield Park. Brackneti. Cot. 
Vassa Voynovtch aged 88. Funeral 
Service at Easftampsteod Park Cre- 
matorium. on Friday lift July at 
3-OOpm. No letters please. Flowers to 
Cyril H Lovegrove. 4 Town Square. 
BracknetL Berks. 

WELSH Ronald Findlay. Lieutenant 
Colonel. R.A. (rerdt - On Joty 6ft. 
1986. suddenly al home- Most dar- 
ting husband or Una. laving father of 
Wendy. James and Judy and a very 
dear Bobs to Ws grandchildren. Fu- 
neral Service at West Stour parish 
Church. Gillingham. Dorset on 
Thursday. July lOft. 1986 at 1100 
am Family flowers only please. Do- 
nations for Sattsbury Hospice Care 
Trust to Bracher Brothers. F/D. GU- 
Ungham. Dorset- lei. 07476 2494. 
would be much appreciated. 

WILCOX -On July «ft. 1986. In hospi- 
tal. Mary Cameron aged 70 of 4 
Randolph Close. Stoke d'Abemon. 
Cobham. Surrey, widow of Bernard 
H. Wilcox. O.B.E. and dearly loved 
mother of Irene. Funeral at United 
Reform Church. Stoke Road. Cob- 
ham on July 10th al II .30 am. 
Flowers | D James & Thomas. Mill 

* Road. Cobhftm. 

WBiWOOti on July 1st- Norman and 
Beth, much loved by the family and 
friends, win be sadly missed. Funeral 
service al St. Pauls Church. 
Wokingham, on Friday. July 1 llh at 
l pm. Flowers and enquiries to 
j.RHal). 27. Denmark SI.. 
Wokingham, teh 0734 793623. Any 
donations please, to Wokingham 
Theatre. C/O Midland Bank. 
Wokingham. 


memorial services 


HtCGfH - The Memorial service for 
Robin Higgln wui be held In 
Sherborne Abbey. Dorset, at 4 p.m 
tomorrow. Wednesday July 9th. 


OBITUARY 

LIEUT-COL DAVID CURRIE, V 

Gallant seizure of St Lambert sur Dives 

® * j“9 ^ . abnei m-nnu-irl a 


_ . /-'..mV'* fiooos Currie theriordered an iro- 

T ° d ,° ^ mediate counterranaclc which 

completed theempmreof the 
ly held v JIage of St Lam village, thus denying an tn. 

sue Dives dunng «h>ch escape roul to 

asffiSS 


Lieinenam-Colonel David To do this. Cume's troops 
Currie, VC who has died in would have to take the strong 
at the age of 73, was ly held village of St Lambert 
awarded the Victoria Cross for sur Dives dmng whrch 
outstanding gallantry and tempt it had two tanks 
teadershipduring a successful knocked out by 88rnmgtm& 
attack on the village of St At twilight, Cume himself 
Umben sur Div« in tie walked through lie Gctt mr. 


fibs 1 

V ,1 * 


m 


fierce battles of the Falaise 
podeet in Normandy in Au- 
gusL 1944. 


outposts and entered the vil- 
lage alone, to get a better idea 
of the nature of the enemy 


small mixed force, of defences. He was also able to 


which he was commander, 
was instrumental in prevent- 
ing the escape westwards of 
substantial German forces in 
internecine fighting which 
raged for three days and 

n * Born in Saskatchewan, Can- 
ada. in previous civil fife 
Currie was a motor mechanic 
and welder. 

He was a major in the 


Canadian Army m charge of a 
small mixed force of tanks: 
self propelled antitank guns 
and infantry, when, on August 
1 8, 1944. he was ordered to cut 
one of the main escape routes 
out of the salient between 
Falaise and Argentan, which 
had now become a trap for the 
German Army. 


extricate the crews of the 
disabled tanks. 

Early the following day he 
led an assault which seized 
half the village in spite of 
heavy opposition. Over the 
next 36 hours , die Germans 
hurled' one- counter attack 
after another at Currie’s force 
but his skilful dispositions 
enabled the Candians to re- 
pulse these with heavy .loss to 
the attackers. . . 

On August 2Q,~a final Ger- 
man assault was mounted on 


He had only one houf’s 
sleep during the three days of 
operations, but throughout, be 
disguised bis fatigue, to- his 
men, visiting ««apohs. -pru 
and other defensye;posh6ns 
to encourage them andadvise . 
on the best use of Uidr.gKMtad 
and armaments. - - ; 

When his force was finally 
relieved and he was satisfied 
that the turnover was. coin, 
pleie, he fell asleep 
and collapsed . " ,; - - \ . . 

During the entirethreedays 
he bad never considered, the 
possibility of fiulure. nor-al- 
lowed it to enier the mindsof 
his men. " ' 


f 0 ! 1 


,J * l j liS 1 ’ .v, a 

ifes-r 




un migiui au, a uuai viw- A.-' • ■ . 

man assault was mounted on After, his retuement-woat 
the - Canadian position, but the Canadian - Arm^. Cume 
this was routed by Currie’s had a di stinguis hed • c areer 


force -which destroyed seven until 1979 as . ^Sesrgeanl-at- 
tanks, twelve 88mm guns and Arms in the Canadian House 
40 other vehicles, and inflicted of- Commons in Ottawa, an' 
heavy casualties, besides tak- office in which he was held in 
ingi 100 prisoners. high regard. . r 




jH* 4 - 1 ' 


SIR FOLLIOTT SANDFORD 


Sir Folfiott Sandford, KfiE, 
CMG, who died on July 5 at 
the age of 79. had two careers, 
in both of which he achieved 
distinction. 


seconded from the Foreign 
Office, the Colonial Office, the 


Treasury and other depart- 
ments, and as secretary of this 
mixed collection Sandford 
made his usual impression of 
orderly efficiency. 

He returned lo the Air 
Ministry in 1944 as assistant 
under-secretary. He was pro- 
moted to deputy under-secre- 
tary in 1947 and held that post 
until he retired from the Civil 
Service .in.. 1958 .to become 
Registrar of • Oxford 
University. '. 

This post bad been largely 
created by his predecessor. Sir 
Douglas Veale, who had done 
much to impart iogjcaT order 
into the archaic confusion of 
University administration. 

The qualities required for 
the post are those of a civil 
servant, efficiency, good- judg- 
ment and the enacement of 
the personality in support of 


IN MEMORIAM - PRIVATE 


LOVEDAY - Hanv ana Emily. Re- 
membering. wift gratitude, my 
beloved parents on fte anniversary 
of fteir special day. July 8Ui 1927.1 
have owed io Idem. In hours of wea- 
riness. sensation sweet fell in Die 
blood and fell along the heart'. Ever 
missed by Sylvia and their sons Rob- 
ert and John. 


As a civil servant, chiefly in 
the Air Ministry, he won and 
retained the confidence and 
respect of his colleagues, both 
service and civilian. When in 
1958 he became Registrar of 
Oxford University he soon 
achieved a similar position for 
himself in the very different 
world of the academics. He 
retired from this post in 1 972. 

Folliott Herbert Sandford 
was born on October 28, 1906. 
After five years at Winchester 
he went to New College, 
Oxford, at first as a Common- 
er but later as Exhibitioner 
and Senior Scholar (and in 
1958, when he returned to 
Oxford as registrar, his old 
college elected him a Fellow). 

He obtained Firsts in 


programme, and ip the im- 
mensely intricate questions of 
design, finance, and the tap- 




T<1 f i h« <WTi j >Tri 


and entered the Civil Service 
in 1930. He became assistant 
private secretary to the Secre- 
tary of State for Mr in 1934, 
and Principal Private Secre- 
tary in 1936. In this capacity 
he served no less than four 
secretaries of state. Viscount 
Swinlon, Sir Kingsley Wood. 
Sir Samuel Hoare and Sir 
Archibald Sinclair. In 1941 he 
was made Financial Adviser 
to RAF Ferry Command in 
Montreal. ‘ . - 

In 1 942 he had his first post' 
outside the Air Ministry 
sphere, when he was appoint- 
ed to serve once more under 
bis former chiefs Lord S win- 
ton. then resident minister in 
West Africa. Swintori's staff 
was made up of officers 




departments which ■■ Ihat-Ht- 
vqfved But on questions.- of 
detafl in almost any; depart- 
ment of university jifc, his 
memory was extraordinary 
and his grasp exceptional.- ^’ 

• As a i > roressqrial>Fdlow of 
New CoUegCv Sandfordtriifid 
always be relied upon for quiet 
support of liberal coursesiBot 
in the college it was not easy to 
realise whatrari outstanding - 
parr he played ^ in iuiivearwy. 
affairs. -' V; • -r .-V : V 

: He retired as . umvefSi& » 
registrar in 1972, whereupon 
New College elected ' hrm as 
Honorary Fellow (as .<fid. 
Wolfson College which he had 
helped to bring into being). 
The following year the univer- 
sity^ made, him.' an honorary 

*; His retirement was spent at 


-a gffp .bj 

Sffe 

tJ. directs. » li - 

iiis ’’ 

SSV aewhaw' 

ik For S***; 

fraitkir^ ernm^ 
teoBseias [ia- 

^yueii m Aarnci 
jBprMweL 
^ (ottncaliry- Jft- 
jR 


responsible. For _ — 

Sandford was eminently qual- 
ified, and he soon proved a 
worthy successor to Veale and 
won the , confidence of 
successive vice-chancellors. 

Perhaps what impressed 
them most was his extraordi- 
narily detailed and compre- 
hensive knowledge of . the 
whole of the university, of its 
personalities and its opera- 
tions. He was a tireless worker 
and an exacting, sotaiefifnes 
ruthless . task-pilaster, ’whose 
associates served him devot- 
edly and who more than once 
turned onl to be driving 
himself too hard. 


His own interests came to 
be centred more and more bn 
the university’s large building 


but he paid frequent visits to 
Oxford, contributing his store 
of knowledge to the compila- 
tion of. the history of; the 
university and revitalizing the 
JVew College Record which he - 
edited for several years. • 

It was a great pleasure- id 
him when, in 1 975, he became- 
Master of the Skin ners' Com- 
pany and, as such, chairman . 
of the governors of Jonbrildteei 
SchodL?-; 

Sandford was made a CMG. ] 
in 1944; and a KBE in 1949'In 
1935 he married Gwendoline ' 
Alexander, daughter' of John 
Alexander Masters. She (tied 
in 1 1977. He married secondly, 
in 1982, Mis P eggy Young 
(nee Odgear). She died : in 
1984. 


that 

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Celia Brai 


MRT.R. C BLOFELD 


MRS RAY HILLE 


Mr Thomas Robert 
Calthorpe Blofeld, CBE, a 
leading figure in Norfolk agri- 
cultural circles and a former 
High Sheriff of the county, 
died on June 28. He was 82. 

Professors P. Lasko and G. 
Zarnccki write: 


Throughout his life, Tom 
Blofeld was deeply concerned 
with running the estates that 
have been in the Blofeld 
family for over 360 years and 
it was typical of his love for 
the countryside that he placed 
Great Hoveton Broad in the 
care of the Nature Conservan- 
cy to ensure its preservation. 

Together with his wife, 
Grizel, he made it a gem of a 
house, filled with appropriate 
treasures of every kind. 

He was both a scholar and a 
dilettante of the arts in the 
best 1 8th centry sense and he 
built upa fine personal library 
and studied the history of his 
estate m detail. 

No one was better informed 
than he about the prints, the 
watercolours, the paintings, 
the objers d'art and the superb 
collection of delft faience 
which he brought together. 

The love he had for the 
exquisite environment which 
he and Grizel created, he was 
able to pass on to the many 


visitors they readily received. 
To those who had like inter- 
ests. no one could have been 
more charming a guide or 
more ready to share his plea- 
sure and his wide knowledge- 

As he collected, so he made 
innumerable friends at home 
and abroad in museum and 
art circles, as well as in 
antiquarian circles. Thus, for 
example, he was a- trustee of 
the ancient “Great Hospital” 
in Norwich which has looked 
after the elderly of the diocese 
for more than 700 years. 

Blofeld was elected a fellow 
of the Society of Antiquaries 
of London in 1978. 


He is survived by his wife, 
two sons, Henry Blofeld, the 
cricket commentator, and J. 
C. C. Blofeld, QC - Judge 
Blofeld, a circuit judge - and a 
daughter. 


Mr Herbert Wilfred Ayres, 
CR, Under Secretary for Fi- 
nance and Accountant-Gener- 
al. Ministry of National 
Insurance, from 1.948 to 1953, 
died on June 27. He was 97. 
Ayres eniered the. civil service 
in 1905 and was attached to 
the Ministry of Labour from 
1913 to 1944 when he joined 
the Ministry of National In- 
surance as its deputy accoun- 
tant-general. 


Mrs Ray Hille, a distin- 
guished and mfluential figure 
in the British furniture trade 
for- many years,- died bn- June 
29. She was 87. 

During her childhood years 
in London, she took a : keen 
interest in her father** fiimkr 
lure business, spending long < " 
hours researching period fur- ’ - 
niture at the Victoria and 
Albert and British museums. 

With her talent for drawing 
and design, she was .pahtfing .- 
lacquer furniture in herseens 
and was soon producing de- 
tailed drawings fbr,;.flflle 
craftsmen. -f-.vr : 

Due to . her fathers X.-4U 
health, Ray Hille. tobk over 
the management of -the- com- . 
party in 1932. • . VrV 

After the war, she ted‘:thc 
company's export -expansion. - 
pioneering the licencing of 
Polypropylene chairs iii South - 
America. • . 

For the next four decades, 
with her sense of adventure 
and enterprise, she took the 
business to further successes 
mid saw it acquire an interna- 
tional reputation for' innova- 
tive designs. 

It was a success wSfh 
brought with it many honours £- 
and awards, culminating, in,/ 
1981. with an exhibition bf 
Hille furniture at the Victoria 
and Albert Museum. 


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Science report 


Ocean trench key to earthquakes 

By a Special Correspondent 


in lad 2( 

»va 


Vast trenebes, «rfao« die oceanic 
and continental plates collide, 
rim nearly die entire Pacific, 
from New Zealand- through 
Indonesia, Japan and the the 
Aleotians to the tip : of Sooth 
America, marked by violent 
earthquakes as plates bend dar- 
ing snbdoction. 


depths, where the absence of That was the case hr Mexfca 
sunlight was thought to make City when the Cocos pttte 
the existence of such organisms snapped along 20 kildmefires, 
impossible. rekasing one thousand times as 

Dr Le Pichon says: “We were f 001 * “ergy the Hirosiriwa - 
really fascinated to find an imcw and killing; more tbao . 

of life in a dark cold desert, 9.000 people. , j 

colonies of giant dams, worms In Japan sock a rink 
and enormous shrimps feeding expected in the next JOtoM 4 ^^; 
irom the methane liquid oozing years in the region of ShunfoV 
oot at high pressure along the where 5 million neeale live. . 

break between the two plates'*. Experts say^ up ter 100,000 
He believes that by poshing he kilkfL Botfr ® ’ 

under the continent the oceanic ,m P^iWe to erocnatt . th® . 
plates exert pressure on tee PQPffatkw without accurate' " 
sediments and the fluids are predictions, and . today. 
squeezed oot. “Before an earth- stations are on had " 

qaake^^noce pressme will.be. *“ “Otvery accnrate. ; 
exerted, so the fluids wifi come The' results (rf the fifta 
oot fiwer and we believe (Us expedition wfli be nmioimeed/ 
conh) be one or the test ways to during an international con-^ 
predict earthquakes. Terence in Tokyo in November. . 

As ithe oceanic plates sobdoct The explomfaii 

> ■ 

bwncejfack^aal.pteSeof 

(ta ^ fa traken <>tt Tb. 

di* tb« bigger tltt. . pressure resistant rinnlaal^faE - 

earthqimke. Its rather like a; bugfle can tew 
catapnlt ,■ Dr Le- Pichon ■ aunpiM of m-ki WA '' 

sej-s.-Many atfas are failt 

just on^ucti i'catapnlL" ‘ mwL • 


— mmmmmm »uy« .. wnn W HM|»P ICEVl UK 

Last snnuoer. Franco-Japa- . from the methane Uqnid oozing 
nese teams dived off the coast of oot at high pres sure along the 

.lanon f n ctnHv tlw i> hw inall» na - hmalr hamaM Hu mm 


Japan to study the phenomena 
of snbdncrioB and derise new 
methods to forecast earth- 
quakes. Professor Xavier Le 
Pichon. bead of the French 
team, an oceanologist and a 
geophysicist, a pioneer of the 
theory of tectonic plates, be- 


break between the two plates”. 

He believes ten* by poshing 
under the continent the oceanic 
plates exert pressure on tee 
sediments and the fluids are 
squeezed out. “Before an earth- 
qaake^^noce pressure will be 
exerted, so the fluids wifi come 


lieves that the key to a better 

cooWbenoeofteebest ways to 


.J 

L . - 


will come from the study of the DRdic , 
bottom of the trenches at 6,000 
io 11.000 metres deep. ordlv! 

During the expedition, pistes, 
codenamed Kaflux meaning whea , 
trench in Japanese, the 
researchers made some, im- bounce 
portant discoveries that could ^ 5 j. 
lead to an early warning system bigger 
against earthquakes. earthqi 

At a record dive of 5,700 . cataps 
metres they were astonished to says.**T 
find animal life (brinns in the just on 
- - • 










f a ‘‘ On 0 > 


predict earteqnakes.** 

As the oceanic plates sobdoct 
or dive under the continental 
plates, pressure builds np and 
when the limit of elasticity is 
readied the continental plate 
bounces back up and a piece of 
the slab is broken off. The 




as 











THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 8 1986 





Television 



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people 

Nowadays a picture is worth 
roach more than a rtwyreanri 
words; a good image is worth 
as- mach as an idea* In * world 
nailed under the sway of 
television images, a visual 
symbol can be worth almost as 
much as a religion. 

The Statue of Liberty 
{BBC2) made a brief survey of 
thB area in between reviewing 
the statue’s past The lady 
with the torch, said to have the 
face of the sculptor’s mother 
and the body of his mistress, 
has ; become an image whose 
' implications could fDTa library 
with treatises. Over over, 
the face has been drawn, 
painted, engraved, cyclostyled, 
photographed, filmed, carica- 
tured, silk-screened and air- 
brushed, at each reproduction 
symbolizing America, freedom 
and the relationship of the old 
world and the new. 

Fust came the history. With 
her three-foot ears aid 40-foot 
shoulders (“an Ohio girlf" 

- quipped an early admirer) she 
needed the support of a central 
tower of iron girders built by 
Alexandre Eiffel, over which 
sculpture Frederic Bartholdi 
riveted a skin of band-beaten 
copper. Old prints showed the 
vast lady’s torso rising from 
the sculptor’s studio above the 
roots of Paris. 

The director, Ken Burns, 
also used bis leading lady as 
the focus for a meditation upon 
the ideals for which she 
stands. For James Baldwin, 


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junk hiding a nation of slaves; 
for Jerzy Koszinski, she was 
the only woman with whom he 
had always been in love; 
several thinkers contributed to 
the consensus that Liberty 
symbolized an America which 
was all promises, less actuality 
than potentiality; for others 
she embodied an ideal so 
inspiring that it had created 
the country’s soul. 

liberty has certainly been 
proof against all kinds of 
exploitation. Her image has 
been borrowed to plug macaro- 
ni. champagne, Coca Cola, 
rock groups and funeral ser- 
vices. Even a recent bracking 
by President Reagan had left 
her allure unsullied. AuHmg a 
t moontam rd inedja jschlmJE 

' .V inspired by liberty renais- 

sance, this docuinenfary. iHrth 
uitelHgent' and erUerhunh^, 
•was worthy of hs subject. It 
seemed pettily perverse tm the 
part of the BBC to avoid 
scheduling it for the Fourth erf 
July. 

Celia Brayfield 


THE ARTS 


Galleries: John Russell Taylor visits London exhibitions of sculpture 

Revival of solid achievement 



15 


Sculpture in Britain 
between the Wars 
Fme Art Society 


Glyn Philpot 
Leighton House 


Caribbean Art Now 

Commonwealth Institute 


In foreign parts Britain is widely 
regarded as not only a great produc- 
er of sculpture but a great sculpture- 
loving country. It comes as quite a 
surprise to visitors of this mind to 
discover how relatively few and 
shamefaced are the major public 
sculptures erected here since I94S, 
and how few dedicated sculpture- 
collectors there are in Britain. It 
might also seem odd that so many 
of our most notable sculptors from 
the earlier part of this century have 
been aln7osi completely forgotten: 
even interested Britons seldom 
know the names clearly enough to 
wonder at their disappearance. But 
things may be changing: first the 
splendid New Art Centre show of 
British sculpture from the Fifties, 
and now a matching show at the 
Fine Ait Society of Sculpture in 
Britain between the Wars (until 
August 1). are serving to revive 
interest and refocus attention. 

Some of the names of course we 
know very welL As well as Henry 
Moore, represented by a wonderful 
Hopton-Wood Maternity of 1924, 
amd Barbara Hep worth, most sur- 
prisingly shown in a very tender and 
naturalistic female Torso of J927, 
there are the. in their different ways, 
towering figures of Jacob Epstein 
and Eric Gilf. With four such 
important models, you might think 
that the range of styles permissible 
in British sculpture from 1918 to 
1939 was quite frilly covered. But 
not a bit of it. 


There is the surviving academic 
tradition, which after all had not so 
long before been the “New 
Sculpture” of the 1880s and 1890s. 
Indeed, Alfred Gilbert himself was 
still alive, still active, through most 
of the period and sculptors who 
followed on very much in his line, 
people (ike Gilbert Bayes and 
William Reid Dick, were legion. 
And then there is what we would 
now call the Deco tradition — 
though no one would have thought 
of it that way at the time — which 
gave us major works from Charles 
Sergeant Jagger. superbly reinstated 
in a centenary show at the Imperial 
War Museum last year, and Eric 
Kennington, whose drawings, 
though not yet his sculptures, have 
been exciting renewed attention of 
late. 

All this makes for a rich and 
varied show, to which the only 
objection would be that it does try 
rather to force a quart into a pint 
poL But by doing so it does also help 
to remind us that you do not need 
somewhere the size of Blenheim in 
order to collect and show sculpture: 
most of the pieces present are 
certainly of domestic size. 

The Whitechapel's big survey 
show a few years ago revealed 
Maurice Lambert (Constant’s bro- 
ther — the thirty balanced one who 
therefore does not come much into 
Andrew Motion's book on the 
family) as a very interesting artist 
indeed, and here one can rejoice in 
the boldly abstracted Golden Pheas- 
ant worthy of Brancusi and the- 
aluminium head of Edith Sitwell 
which would make a fitting com- 
panion piece to Frank Dobson's 
femous image of Osbert now in the 
Tate. Another figure clearly worth 
further exploration is Ursula 
Edgcumbe, whose smoothly stylized 
realism in The Musicians recalls the 
work of the Czech Gutfreund. 

There are other, more isolated 
figures: Arnold Auerbach (no rela- 
tion of Frank), who is shown with 
an extraordinary Vorticisi Head-, 
Gilbert LedwanL whose richly. 


elegantly carved Monolith is appar- 
ently in the Talc, though one does 
wonder when it can last have been 
shown: and Glyn Philpot. who can 
perhaps qualify as'Oniy an occasion- 
al sculptor, in moments snatched 
from his busy life as a painter, but 
dearly has in abundance the special 
gift of being able to think vividly in 
three dimensions. 

Any doubt on this score can be 
resolved by a visit to Leighton 
House, where until Saturday ail 
except one of his 14 known sculp- 
tures are on show, backed up by 
paintings on related themes — 
particularly useful in the case of 
Mask: The Dead Faun, which has 
inevitable overtones of Nijinsky but 
.was actually based on one of 
Philpoi's favourite painting models, 
George Bridgman, who is therefore 
also shown in portrait drawings, a 
subject-painting and a contempo- 
rary photograph. 

Sculpture, this lime of our own 
day, also figures prominently just 
round the corner from Leighton 
House al the Commonwealth Insti- 
tute, where until August 4 there is a 
major show devoted to Caribbean 
Art Now. It is hard to guess what 
one should expect from such a show 
on such a subject. Perhaps the 
easiest basis for speculation would 
be the big show of contemporary 
African art the Institute staged five 
or six years ago. But in practice this 
proves a thoroughly misleading 
model. Where most of the African 
an was-definitely within the area of 
the naive, much of the West Indian 
art is highly sophisticated. Remark- 
ably so, since the catalogue informs 
us that in Barbados, for instance, 
“fine art” as such was non-existent 
before the Thirties. 

Buu however new-found the ar- 
tistic culture of these artists from 
the Caribbean, it is has evidently 
been chosen with discrimination 
and very well absorbed into the 
system. There are one or two 
primitive-looking pieces, but one 
would never mistake the Jamaicans 
Milton George or Robert Cook- 


thomc for genuinely] untutored 
artists: in the intensity of their 
vision, and the forceful ness of their 
boldly simplified and often violent- 
ly coloured forms, they belong very 
dearly to the same world as Berlin's 
New Wild painters. George's power- 
ful Crucifixion diptych and such 
challenging works as Cooktftome's 
The King and the MX-hird or 
Figurc/Mask are not easy to forget, 
and seem to make finely calculated 
use of local ethnic elements as well 
as the lingua franca of international 
painting. 

Two women artists from Barba- 
dos. Dianne Butcher and Norma 
Talma, are at the other end of the 
scale, in the diminutive size and the 
quietness of their works: both make 
collages. Butcher with fabrics in a 
range of subdued browns, and 
Talma with handmade, paper in a 
variety of delicate colours. 

But perhaps the most striking 
artist of all these new people — new 
to us. at any rate — is the 
Trinidadian Francisco Cabral, a 
sculptor all of whose works seem to 
be in the form of chairs. Not, 
needless to say. the sort of chairs 
you could sit on. or not with any 
hope or comfort. Indeed, mental 
comfort seems no more a pan of his 
intention than physical: the chairs 
are disturbing ritual objects, with 
overtones of sacrificial altars, im- 
ages of the gods (gods very much in 
need of propitiation), stales and . 
balances, and all kinds of other 
things to keep one psychologically; 
and no doubt physically, off-bal- 
ance.. It is amazing the variety of - 
effects Cabral can produce from one 
basic form. 

Now we have discovered him let 
us hope we do not lose touch again. 
Certainly in the perhaps precarious 
degree of cultural cooperation the 
Caribbean states have achieved in 
order to stage this show at all lies 
their best chance of impressing the 
outside world, and retaining our 
attention for a number of artists 
well deserving of wider than local 
note. 



Keeping us off-balance: the chair as disturbing ritual object in 
Oh Africa by Francisco Cabral at the Commonwealth Institute 


David Robinson reports on British success in Munich 

Credit to the film workshop 



Hlnmlnation of the tinman predicament in Sea Coal 


\ ! iiS RAY HEI 


Cheltenham Festival 



passing interest 


Lindsay Quartet 
PumpRoom 


Luigi Cherubini is described 
bv The New Grove as “that 
most difficult of types, a 
-conservative revolutionary”. 
■ One’s first impressions of his 
First String Quartet in E flat, 
composed in 1814. would 
certainly lead one to concur 
with such an assessment. Au- 
diences at the Lindsay Quar- 
tet's remaining concerts in this 
enterprising Cheltenham Fes- 
tival series will be able to hear 
■for themselves whether or not 
the judgement applies to the 
five other examples of the 
genre that Cherubini, has left 
its. : ' 

Beethoven apparently, ad- 
mired Cherubini more than 
any of his other contemporar- 
ies., and .with adulation com- 
ing from such quarters it 
would be surprising not to 
find a touch of Beethoven in 
Cherubini's music. Here it is 


found most obviously in a first 
movement of pithy character 
and adventurous harmonic 
excursion, though perhaps 
Beethoven would have taken 
things a stage further where 
Cherubini sometimes seems 
to balk at the possibilities he 
sets up for himself. One can 
understand Schumann's reser- 
vations about such music, for 
Cherubini contains something 
of Beethoven’s rough-edged 
manner, where Schumann 
does noL 

The slow movement, a set 
of four often highly embel- 
lished variations, again has 

somethingof Beethoven about 

it, though there are also influ- 
ences of be! canto an d ol 
dramatic devices learnt from 
the opera stage, where Cheru- 
bini made his reputation. A 
characterful G minor Scherzo 
comes next full of dynamic 
cross-accents and conscious 
effects, but hinting that when 
it comes to balance he prefers 
to keep to time-honoured 
principles and lighten the 


atmosphere as the music 
progresses. 

To compose light music like 
that of the finale, however, 
demands something like 
Haydn's divine inspiration. 
Here the exuburam, vigorous 
wit of Cherubini’s counter- 
point suggested a composer of 
very much more than mere 
passing interest. If this is his 
first quartet, what may we 
expect of the rest? 

The concert began with a 
cool, well-balanced reading of 
Haydn’s Quartet Op 50 No I, 
an adventurous work itself, its 
pregnant, throbbing cello B 
flats and its simple cadential 
figure in the first movement 
unleashing a veritable torrent 
of invention. And there was 
also Bartdk's Fust Quytet, a 
few worlds removed from the 
purposeful conciseness of its 
successors, perhaps, but just as 
effective in its own, rather 
Berg-like manner. The Lind- 
say's brilliant, fervent perfor- 
mance was impossible to fault. 

Stephen PettiNt 




Borchnladze/ 
Ivanova 
Covent Garden 


o eai 


For his first solo recital at 
. Coveni Garden where, wo 
years ago. his d£bul as Ramos 
in Aida revealed a voice of 
majestic bass splendour. Paata 
Burehuladze on Sunday mgni 
stayed dose to home in musi- 
cal terms. He sang an aJi- 
Russian programme of almost 
all 19th-century items. 
haps over-dominated by a 
prevailing melancholy^oi 
mood but shrewdlv interspers- 
ing his selection of songs with 

some familiar operatic 

excerpts. . _ 

So it was that songs by 


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Recital 

Tchaikovsky, which led into- 
Prince Gramm’s ana from 
Eugene Onegnu for which his 

commanding, p a s si °nate 

voice is ideally suited, and the 
Rachmaninov pieces (with l 
am no prophet ... I speak in 
songs to every heart” ^ nu ^Jy 
a personal tesrament), were 

followed by the Cavainm from 

the opera Aleko, Here one 
caught something of the 
character's inward wmieni as 
he contemplated the loss ofhis 

^AmicTsuch brooding reflec- 
tinne it could be the more 
appredated how touchingly he 
SSSSd the sturdy character 
of “The Old Co/ppraJ m a 
group of songs by Da®>- 
fnizhsky. and the , sudden 
Sitch from Hus into die 
ironic humour of the same 


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MWirsuto — 

Our coropfeboiwbre 

covers Pointing# Sculpture# 

FOR SEPTEMBER 1986- 

tnfwmirion from the Prindpolf M*5 Flelen FroyGng “A (RCA)/ 
Tefc 01-584 0667. 


composer's “The Miller”. Bo- 
rodin brought out his lyrical 
line and warmth of feeling in 
verses of regret and others of 
anger, and the piano support 
from Ludmila Ivanova ■ was 
always discreet if sometimes 
too self-ef&dng. 

She nevertheless gave a 
subtly pointed context to the 
broad comedy of Mussor- 
gsky’s “The Goat” and suffi- 
cient of musical outline for the 
iwo great scenes from Boris 
Godunov to make their effect 
at the end of the programme. 
These took the singer into a 
higher tessitura for - longer 
stretches, and found him not 
in the least wanting in either 
artistry or tonfrcolour to 
claim our admiration. 

Noel Goodwin 


AMSTRAD Users 

£ny_by-kay kutnwtions and char 
gxpfyKfflons saw much time 

and QUZZteMWlt k* both Imfobts and 

experiMWd ware. 

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Price £U6, but writ* for detaBt. 

Quid— (tj, Oroe dwood, 
Devon PUS OCR. 


West Germany has two film 
capitals, with an unconcealed 
spirit of rivalry between them. 
Munich fostered the birth and 
the best of the New German 
Cinema of the Sixties and 
Severnies, whose origins could 
be partly traced to the city's 
own school of film and televi- 
sion. Currently Berlin is striv- 
ing to win back the initiative 
by offering generous subven- 
tions to productions based in 
the city, and ever-improving 
studio and technical facilities. 

Berlin has had its interna- 
tional film festival since 1951: 
conceived in the spirit of the 
Cold War, it did not admit 
films from the Socialist Bloc 
until the Sixiies. a Munich’s 
newer Filmfest is growing 
rapidly in stature. Munich 
disclaims any conscious rival- 

S with Berlin, pointing out 
at the festival is committed 
to a non-competitive principle 
and that its aim is to provide a 
cultural event for Munich 
rather than an international 
market-place. Munich also 
hosts the annual Festival of 
European Films. Films are 
selected from all European 
coutries. East or West, but 
only directors from EEC coun- 
tries are eligible for the Com- 
munity prize, awarded for a 
first or second feature. 

This does not lessen the 
prestige of the European Prize, 
which went this year to a 


British film. Sea Coat by 
unanimous vote of the inter- 
national jury. The award is all 
the more gratifying as recogni- 
tion of tiie film workshop 
movement which flourishes in 
this country thanks to the 
encouragement of the film 
trade unions, and, more often 
than not, the support of 
Channel 4 — who in fact 
financed Sea Coal. Made by 
the Amber Collective of New- 
castle, under the leadership of 
Murray Marlin, Sea Coal in 
no way conforms to stereotype 
preconceptions of the collec- 
tive film. Even though the 
group insist .that there is no 
dominant creative individual, 
there is evidently a real film 
genius at work here. 

The film triumphantly dem- 
onstrates that the small, spe- 
cific, local instance can often 
provide the most significant 
illumination of the human 
predicament (this was the gist 
of the jury's citation). Sea 
Coal describes the life of the 
people who traditionally live 
by harvesting coal washed up 
from the sea on the Northum- 
brian coast at Lynemouth. For 
centuries this has been regard- 
ed as a common right both of 
the locals and the travellers in 
their caravan community; but 
in 1979 the NCB sold the 
beach and mineral, rights to a 
local entrepreneur. 

The film-makers set out- to 


expose this symptomatic ero- 
sion of ancient social organ- 
isms — a microcosm ic modern 
parallel to the Enclosures of 
the 16th century. In the pro- 
cess they demonstrate a re- 
markable ability to enter into 
the life of these men and 
women on the edge of society. 
Mixing actors and real-life 
sea-coalers, they introduce a 
fictionalized story of a couple 
driven by unemployment to 
join the beach community. 
The professionals serve as a 
catalyst to help the non-actors 
re-create their own lives and 
selves for the camera. The 
joins between composition 
and reality are barely visible. 

What is most surprising 
about Sea Coal is that it has 
been around for almost a year, 
practically, unheralded in this 
country. It was- shown on 
Channel 4 late one night in 
January, and briefly though 
enthusiastically reviewed by 
two television critics. There- 
after it had two screenings at 
the Metro Cinema, but was 
not revealed to the film Press. 
It won the Marks and Spencer 
award on its home ground at 
the Tyneside Festival, but the 
event is, regrettably, not cov- 
ered by the national Press. 
Unforgivably, it was refused 
by the London Rim Festival 
Without the European Prize, 
in feet, it would probably have 
been buried for ever. 


• Glyndeboume Touring Op- 
era will this year visit Oxford. 
Plymouth; Norwich and Man- 
chester between October 21 
and November 15. The reper- 
tory will consist of the new 
production of Verdi's Simon 
Boccancgra which opened this 


year's Glyndeboume Festival, 
Mozart's Don Giovanni and 
Britten's Albert Herring. All 
three productions are by Sir 
Peter Hall; they will be con- 
ducted by Graeme Jenkins, 
Marlin Isepp and Oliver 
Knussen respectively. 


London concerts 


Helmut 

Lachenmann 

ICA 


j£ 


The ICA's concert series, re- 
luming for another summer 
season of Sunday nights, can 
be relied on to be stimulating. 
This first evening was devoted 
to the music of the 50-year-old 
German composer Helmut 
Lachenmann, who has been 
played and talked about with 
increasing partisanship on the 
Continent, but who had not, 
as far as I am aware, been 
much performed before in this 
country. Well, now we know. 

Lachenraann's starting- 
int would seem to be the 
familiar one that the house of 
music has long lain uninhabit- 
ed. that all a composer today 
can do is to kick over the dust, 
shake a few bones and listen to 
the rodents behind the walls. 
These things he does with 
some assiduousness. The 
most characteristic sound of 
his . music., to judge from -the 
two pieces played on Sunday 
night, is a soft dry rattle, the 
noise very often of instru- 
ments being played in uncon- 
ventional ways: air blown 
tonelessly through wind in- 
struments. palms brushed 
over guitars, violins bowed on 
the neck. This is all good end- 
of-an stuff. 

But Lachenmann's problem 
is that people will go on 
listening for something pleas- 
ant and it is awfully hard to 
avoid providing it His 
Mouvemcnt vor der Ers tar- 
rung for 18-piece ensemble is 
quite successful in the avoid- 
ance: it was laid out by Circle 
under Ingo Metzmacher as a 
landscape of rustlings, scrapes, 
electric bells and pointless 
percussion toccatas. But in 


Saiul for CaudweU. for two 
guitars, it was difficult to 
remain entirely impervious to 
beauty. 

As played by Wilhelm 
Brock and Theodor Ross. 
Lachenmann’s marginal ef- 
fects produced magical 
sounds: the sounds of two 
small chambers echoing with 
noise and chiming. And the 
very end, with the desert 
journey finally reaching some 
quiet brushed flamenco 
rhythms, had a poignancy 
quite beyond the composer's 
intentions, al least if one is to 
take seriously his appeal here 
to the aesthetics of Christo- 
pher Caudwell. In introducing 
the piece he spoke of compos- 
ing not sounds but “ways of 
hearing”. Sounds, though, 
may be easier to control. 

Paul Griffiths 


Philharmonia/ 

Salonen 

Festival Hall . ; . 

What a strange, programme to 
choose to round out the 
Phrlharmonia's season. Not a 
soloist in sight; instead, two 
hefty orchestral works, neither 
of them obviously contrasted 
nor obviously connected, and 
one of them Liszt's intermina- 
ble Faust Symphony. Result a 
predictably half-empty Festi- 
val Halt even with the much- 
vaunted Esa-Pekka Salonen 
on the rostrum. 

It is difficult not to compare 
Salonen's performance of 
Respighi's Pines of Rome with 
Giuseppe Sinopoli's account 
of its companion piece. Foun- 
tains of Rome, with the 
Philharmonia a few weeks 
ago. I wish Salonen showed 


half of Sinopoli's ear for inner 
detail. 

For instance, he launched 
into the opening tableau of 
Pines of Rome — a shrill, vivid 
little portrait of children at 
play by the Pines of the Villa 
Borghese — with plenty of the 
expected dynamism, although 
you simply could not hear 
what the violins were up to 
among the blare of woodwind 
and brass around them. The 
concluding- peroration, evok- 
ing the Roman armies march- 
ing along the Appian Way, 
was delivered with appalling 
crudeness and anyway failed 
to work even in those terms (it 
peaked to' soon). 

But thankflilly Salonen also 
possesses the capacity to stand 
back and let things happen 
when the moment is right No 
doubt the Philharmonia are 
grateful for such opportunities 
to display their marvellous 
range of individual skills: 
John McCaw’s exquisitely 
shaded clarinet solo in “The 
Pines of the Jariiculum Hill” 
was accompanied by sus- 
tained string chords as quiet 
and yet as alive as breathing 
iiself. The sombre harmonies 
of “Pines Near a Catacomb’’ 
also sounded wonderfully 
penetrating from this out- 
standing string section. 

While I am reluciant to lake 
issue with William Mann's 
advocacy of Liszt's Faust 
Symphony in his programme- 
note for this concert I also fail 
to understand the current 
vogue for this tedious, over- 
earnest and ultimately mis- 
guided effusion by one of the 
supreme musical phenomena 
of the 19th century. Salonen 
worked his way through it 
with energy and lucidity; the 
Philharmonia responded with 
lhe J r habitual expertise. 

Malcolm Hayes 



PROM PRRFORM AN ( ' 1’ 

Sponsored by Midland Bank,,.-. 

. 500 seats available at £3 : - 

one hour before f)erfbrmance ' 


. arid Tonight ^ July, 1 1 0 ■ lp yat 

Si r C o I ui D a v i sn a seb o n. T oUlk c -V A 

leave of the Koval Opera House not i - 
with a sunset memorial but with 
. something n ew, vital and searching;. 
a production ol~ UiiV. , ,v in which 
.'VndrciScrhan’s Staging honoursa 
conductor by looking always out to 
liie music. VnJ Sir Colin, kreuh 
ready to take up the challenge, 
himself honour-, the composer by 
rlic strer.ath and generosity ofhis 
performance.*’ . r 7 

Rcser Viiticns 0 1 -2 40 iO'rd-'*. 91 1 .v. r.-e- c -Vr 

• • i ■- . ..a.' ^ 



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THR WJ' 







Airship group 
offers Nimrod 
replacement 


By Rodney Cowton, Defence Correspondent 


Seven companies yesterday 
submined bids to the Ministry 
of Defence to provide the 
Royal Air Force with airborne 
early warning capacity which 
it has been seeking for nearly 
10 years. 

The bids were called for 
because of doubts on whether 
GEC could successfully com- 
plete the Nimrod airborne 
early warning (AEW) project 
with which it has been strug- 
gling for years. 

The proposals put forward 
include one from GEC for 
completing the Nimrod pro- 
gramme, but include some 
surprise entries, including a 
plan to use airships. 

As expected the bidding 
companies included Boeing 
with its E3 AWACS, Lock- 
heed with the P3C Orion, and 
Grumman with two propos- 
als. one using its E2C Hawk- 
eye which is in service with 
the US Navy, and the other 
involving the fitting of the 
Hawkeye's radar and other 
electronic systems into the 
Nimrod airframe. 

The surprise bids have 
come from Airship Industries 
of Cardington in Bedford- 
shire, Pilatus Britten-Norman 
of the Isle of Wight, and 
M.E.L of Crawley, Sussex. 

Airship Industries is pro- 
posing the use of 100-ton ■ 
airships, which it claims could 
stay on patrol for three or four : 
days at a stretch, and have 
operating costs of only about 


one-third of a normal aircraft 
Their disadvantage is that 
they can only travel at alow 
speeds, and operate from rela- 
tively low altitude. But it is 
claimed that these could be 


overcome - economically,* he- 

wf 


cause, of the long patrol time 
and low operating .costs. 

The comply is also com- 
peting with its airships for a 
US Navy contract which 
could be worth S6 billion (£3.9 
billion). 

The bid by Pilatus Britten- 
Norman involves using a 
version of their Islander civil 
aircraft. It is being proposed as 
part of a two-tier system in, 
which the military version of 
its aircraft, known as the 
Defender, would supplement 
one of the longer range aircraft 
such as AWACS or Nimrod* 

- The Defender, fitted with a 
radar capable of tracking 100 
airborne targets and 32 mari- 
time targets would operate 
ips 100-1 50 miles from 


It is argued that the costs of 
a Defender would be only one- 
tenth. or less, than those of the 
longer-range aircraft such as 
AWACS. 


The other bid is by M. E. L, 
of the P 


which is part of the Philips 
group. It refused to reveal any 
details, beyond, saying that it 
would draw on the full re- 
sources of the Philips g&up. _• 
The Ministry' of" Defence 
said that it would now study 
all the proposals. ■ * ■ 


Chopsticks and tranquillity at new car plant 


By a Staff Reporter 

Workers at Nissan's new 
British factory, where produc- 
tion begins next week, will 
share most but not quite all the 
conditions enjoyed by their 
colleagues in Japan. 

The canteen for the 470 
workers at the £50 million 
plant at Washington, Tyne 
and Wear, serves Japanese 
dishes complete with chop- 
sticks and after a busy spell on 
the production lines workers 
an take* break in Japanese- 
Styterestrooms. - . 

■ Bat industrial relations have- 
one big difference —workers m 
Ja pan have a union closed 
shop, which is banned at the 
Washington plant. 

A spokesman for Nissan 
said yesterday: “It is very 
much a British company in the 
way it is run, but there are 
.influences from Japan such as 
the -company's philosophy of 
quality, flexibility 
teamwork. 

"Industrial relations are 
something completely home- 
grown and there is no dosed 
shop as exiSts in Japan." 

.Nissan Bluebird cars from 
the factory are expected to go 
on sale in the autumn. 

They will have a40 per cent 
British content. About 27 Brit- 
ish component firms are al- 
ready supplying Washington 
and a further six sue in the 
final stages of negotiation. 

Ford has told union leaders 
that an even bigger effort will 
be required by its workers to 
meet the competition from 
Nissan as the British-made 
cars will have a. cost advantage 
of around £700 a car because 
they are assembled from main- 
ly- Japanese parts by a new 
labour force with few Overhead 
costs. • 


X ,'fi ■ wisps'** 



Anglo-Japanese talks: S. Kanedri and Graham Fife in discussion. (Photographs: Harry Kerr) 


Death sentence on grandmother 


Continued from page 1 


ing the legs of the two men 
slicking out of the stretchers. 
Besides that of Barlow were 
his crutches, which indicated 
that he had been standing on 
the trap-door with them. He 
had a neurological problem 
that made him rely on his 
crutches to walk. 

Christopher Barlow said his 
brother had given him all his 
clothes the previous night 
when Kevin wanted to see 
him. and that he would go to 
his death in his prison clothes. 
There is speculation that 
Kevin Barlow's body was 


naked when it was taken to the 
mortuary since prison rules 
call for the clothes to be taken 
off bodies before they are 
taken out 

The coffin was sealed at the 
crematorium where a brief 
Anglican service was held; to 
escape journalists, the family 
decided to move the venue 
from the St Mary's Church in 
Kuala Lumpur. The Chant 
bers family kept itself incom- 
municado yesterday, while 
they made their own prepara- 
tions to take Brian 
Chambers's body home. 

Meanwhile, it was learnt 
that Barlow has made a six- 


page wiH, leaving his meagre 
possessions to his parents, his 
two brothers and sister, and to 
Lee Jones, his common law 
wife. 

Informed sources who had 
seen the will said he had very 
few things to distribute to his 
relatives. Most of the legacies 
included personal belongings 
-like his hi-fi set, his airgun, 
Sony Walkman, clothes and 
kitchen utensils. 

The will also left instruc- 
tions appointing Christopher 
as his executor and instructing 
Lee Jones to inter his ashes in 
the scrublands of Jericho in 
Tasmania, where she lives. 



Catering manager Paul Wad ham (left), specialist in Japanese dishes, and assemblers Edward Bra ban and K. Kobayashi. 


Howe aims 
to pursue 
mission to 
Pretoria 


Continued from pagex 
his initial doubts about the 
wisdom of the' mission, . 

It showed, he said, that the 
Prime Minister was hot al- 
ways right and the Foreign 
Office was not.afways wrong. 

Mr David Steel, Uw Liberal 
leader, said the ForcignSecre-, 
lary would have more ebance- 
of conducting successful mis. 
sions if he . stressed hejwas 1 
going as president :of.the 
European Community. As 
such, he woukf not,be handi-' 
capped by • Mrs .Thaidier's 
“public foot-dragging ;. 0 n 

sanctions". .- . :• ■ *» : i . > ■>. ■ - 

In the Commons, and later 
before the Select Committee,' 

Sir Geoffrey stressed that the 
release of Mr- kelson - 
Mandela, the. jailed African 
National Congress- (ANQ 
leader, was the- key - to a 
successful mission.. , '. 

“It is dear that if; the 
changes that toe . universally 
desired are to take place they 
do need to take place oolhe: 

basis of political - dialog® .* 
between consenting' free par. 
ties. It is for that crucial-reason 
that the release of. Nefaon-, i 
Mandela is so imppriaidc If C 
that continues ' to : dydq, the 
South African Government 
the prospect of thesplt^an we 
want will continue ; fo: be 
postponed." • 

In a BBC interview last 
nightSir Geoffrey emphasized 
that k was not a question of 
whether he would see .'Mr 
Botha, but when. .* * - ■ 

Sir Geoffrey also.sd&jt was 
not for him to specuiate-abow 
the motives : of ihe * South' 
-African Gov ermneotin reus- 
ing to meet him thix week. 
“We have been, fold -thattte 
President is-fiUly engaged and 
not able to see fne.1 am 
content to accept that ,l; . . 

• JOHANNESBURG: Sooth 
African Foragn- Ministry arid 
State President's.-. Office 
sources last night insistedtfeam 
Sir Geoffrey was stiff ftricaiBe- 
to visit South Africa (Michael 
Hornsby writes). 

The fed that neither Presj-' 
dent Botha nor his rFwetga: 
Minister, Mr R.F.“PSk7 Bo- 
tha. had been abteimmetfcate- 
ly to find time iti-tirefr busy 
schedules, to meet Sir Geof- 
frey, did not mean that hehad; 
been snubbed, thesourcessaid 
disingenuously. ■ > 



rtf 

Sja® 8 

unr 




„ r~3 


75.5^— 


Me 


ts “‘J.;. .. 


W " . ... 



THE TIMES INFORMATION SERVICE 


Today’s events 


Royal engagements 

The Queen, accompanied by 
The Duke of Edinburgh, visits 
the Department of Trade and 
Industry, I Victoria St, SWI, 3. 

The Duke of Edinburgh visits 
the London Docklands Dev- 
elopment Area, Royal Victoria 
Docks, 10.15; later, as Patron, 
the National Federation of 
Housing Associations, opens a 
housing scheme provided by the 
East London Housing Associ- 
ation. Beckton, Eld, 11.40. 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother visits the Domesday 
900 exhibition. The Great Hall, 
Winchester. 1 1.30; and later 
visits St Cross Hospital, Win- 
chester. 2.40. 

The Prince of Wales. Duke of 
Cornwall opens the Peddars 
Way and North Norfolk Coast 
Path. 10.30. 

The Princess of Wales visits 


the “South fields sheltered hous- 
ing • project, Lilli ngton . Rd, 
Leamington Spa, 11.15; and 
-later visits Warwick Castle. 

r.ro. . 

The Duke of Gloucester at- 
tends a lunch at the Worshipful 
College of Physicians, II St 
Andrews Place, SWI , 1 1 .45; and 
later, accompanied by the Duch- 
ess of Gloucester, attends the 
opening of Dream of a Summer 
Night exhibition, Hayward Gal- 
lery. South Bank, 6.30. 

The Duke of Kent attends the 
Automobile Association's com- 
mittee dinner. Claridge’s, 7.40. 

Princess Alexandra, as Chan- 
cellor, presides at degree con- 
gregations, Lancaster Univ- 
ersity, 1 1 Ao. 

New exhibition 

Young Artists in the Theatre; 
figureheads and ships' carvings 
and Tyne & Wear Pottery; 
Hatton Gallery, The University. 
Newcastle upon Tyne; Mon to 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,092 



ACROSS 


I Opening words for the King 
ofFr 


Frogs, say (8). 

9 Self-righteous — or beastly 
greedy? That's about right 
C8). 

10 A lifetime of bridge? (4). 

11 Relic of a midnight flight, 
fitting end to a lover’s 
search (5.7). 

13 Primitive type of silver, ex- 
cept the outside (6). 

14 Man of action (8). 

15 Place to consume a simple 
drink (7). 

16 The lot that is less than the 
whole (7), 

20 Happening that's en- 


compassing many at the end 
_ iy ($). 


of the day i. 

22 Instrument of flattery, or for 
one with a mortar-board (6). 


23 Entertainer is to go places 
- " • :(12^ 


when disentangled < 

25 'ow one warms up food (4). 

26 Facing work both ways 
where building is being 
erected (8). 

27 Old Italian centaurs running 
amok (8). 


5 Pauline writing to give 
record on agave fibre (7). 

6 Sound way to grind this 
grain? (6). 

7 Pupil. little deviL appears to 
advance with difficulty (4). 

8 He produced tables of North 
Sea variations (8). 

12 Food on which Orwell's Na- 
poleon marched (4.8). 

15 Poet John takes in the last 
of those we wish to see at 
the feast (8). 

17 By no means a favourite of 
society (8). 

18 Entertainment to repeat in 
another form (8). .. . 

19 Fan of the slilhy. creature 
raised in a river (7). 

21 So strange is fate — rebel 
leader captured by Greek or- 
der (6). 

24 A head on one's shoulders? 
(4). 


Solution to Puzzle No 17,091 


DOWN 

2 Censure salesman over fish 
(81. 

3 Ran about after gainful 
reorganization in common 
parlance (6.6). 

4 Girl in green embarrassed - 
by this swine? (8). 



Concise Crossword page 8 


Fri 10 to 5.30. Sat 10 to 4 (ends 

^uLture fay Robert Koenig; 
The Great Bam, Courtyard 
Community Workshop,' Park- 
lands. Great Linford, Milton 
Keynes; Mon to Sun 1 0 to 4 and 
7 to 10 (ends July 14). 

Musk 

Concert by the Northern 
Sinfonia; Newcastle City Hall, 
7.45. 

Concert by the Master Singers 
orSan Diego City College; Holy 
Trinity Church, Stratford mi 
Avon, 7 JO. 

Harpsichord recital by Mal- 
' colm Archer; Bristol Cathedral 
1.15. . ‘ _• „ 

Organ recital by lan Shaw, St 
Martin's, ScarbottM^h, 7J0. 

Organ recital by Andrew 
Goodwin; * Bangor CathedraL 
1.15. 

Concert by the I Ml Yorkshire 
Imperial Band; St Aidan’s. 
Leeds. 7.45. 

Concert by Wycline Junior 
School; St Swiihun’s, Leonard 
Stanley, near Storehouse, Glos. 
7. 

Gwent Music '86: Concert by 
the Gwent Schools' Brass, 
Youth Orchestra. Intermediate 
Orchestra, Big Band. Youth 
Choir. Soloists and an American 
School Choir from Maryland; St 
David’s HaH Cardiff, 7. 
'Concert by the Bristol Con- 
cert Orchestra and Robert Co- 
hen (cello): Clifton Cathedral 
Bristol, 7.30. 

Handel in Oxford Festival: 
Concert by the Holywell Band; 
University Church, Oxford, I; 
Virtuoso cantatas and concertos 
with Gilian Fisher (soprano) 
and John Scott (organ): Shel- 
donian Theatre, Oxford, 8. 

York Early Music Festival: 
Concert by the Parley of In- 
struments, Guildhall York. 8; 
Concert by Emma Kirk by and 
Anthony Rooley. Hovingham 
Church. York, 8. 

Hexgan Abbey Festival: Or- 

S n recital by David Sanger 
ex ham Abbey. 8. 

Lichfield Festival: Concert by 
the Chamber Orchestra of Eur- 
ope: Lichfield Cathedral 8. 

Concert by the Margaret Allen 
Preparatory School; Hereford 
Cathedral. 1.30. 

Talks and lectures 

Weaving using simple equip- 
mem by Vicky Murray; Willard 
Room. Blind College. Hereford. 
7.30. 

Layman's lecture series - 2: 
Renaissance York: St Williams 
College. York. 5. 

General 

Llangollen International 
Musical Eisteddfod: for full 
details let (0978) 860236 (until 
July 13)... 

Cheltenham International 
Festival of- Music: for details 
and ticket enquiries contact the 
Box Office. Town Hall. Chelten- 
ham. GL50 IQA or tel: (0242) 
5236901- open Mon to Sat 10 to 
S (until July 20). 


TV top ten 


National top mt ttntton programmes in 
the week erring June 22: 


1 EastErxfers (Tues/Sun) 18.10m 

2 EastEnder* (Thurg/S i»] 1 S. 10m 

3 WortdCis> '88 FnaJI 1.75m 

4 News and Weather (Sun 21:15) 
1155m 

5 Mastermind Final 11.45m 

6 That's Life lOJOm 

7 Nina O'Ctocfc News (Tubs) 9.05m 

8 Nine O'Ckjck News (Mon) &50m 

9 ‘Alio 'ADO 8.50m 
10 Dynasty 8.25m 


nv 


Coronation Straaat (Mon) Granada 
15.05m 

ft'* Be Alright Late at- Night LWT 
12.35m 

Coronation Street (Wed) Grenada 
11 -50m 


World Cl* ’88 (Wad) (TV 10.75m 
Crossroads (Mon) Central ' 


110.66m 


News at Tan ked) ITN 10.50m 


(Toes) Yorkshire 


Emmerdaie 
1 0.25m 

In Loving Memory Yorkshire 10.15m 
What's My Une Themes 9.40m 
Mmder Thames 925m 


B8C2 

A Very Peculiar Practice 425m 


Honzon (Mon 21:33) 425m 
nmcnrald < 


SummerteM 420m 
Your Life m Their Hands 3.95m 
The Fall end Rise of RagmaM Pernn 
3.70m 

Moonfcglttinq 3.7tm 
The Kflfer H&8 27tin . 


B MASH 3.60m 

9 The Prince's Trust Btthday Party 
3.45m 

10 The Travel Show 240m 


- Channel 4 

1- Brorarakfe (Mon/Sat) 520m . 

2 Brookstoe(T«ss/SatJ5i20n». 

3 SL EJsewhere425ro . 

4 The Uninvited 275m 

5 Che»s250m 

6 Kata and Atta 320m 

7 Sea of Sand 320m 

8 The Unrepeatable Who Dares Win 

2.65m 

9 inte rna tional Athletics (FH) 230m 

10 Life 5 Cyde 205m 


Roads 


The lAsandK MB: Traffic reduced ts 
two lanes m each (fraction between 
junction 4 (Bromsgrove) and 5 (Droitwicfi). 

Wales and Wot MS: Contraflow and 
lene restrictions so u thbound between 
junctions 8 (M50) and 10 (Chettanham); 
avoid 'if possible. I SSt Various lane 
restrictions on both carriageways be- 
tween junctions 22 ana 26. 


Avon/Somerset. A48: RoadworksatTum- 
HM have m 


bte have reduced the Cartfiff bound 
carriageway to one lane only: expect 
delays. 

The Norite Al(M): Roadworks between 
AycBffe and Surtrae interchanges, Co 
Durham: southbound carriageway and 
appropriate sips roads oosad: d- 
versions. MB: Roadworks between junc- 


tions 32 (Preston) and 33 (G wata n^L 


AG8S: Single foe traffic on Cheatham 
Rd. Greater Manchester; delays during 
peak periods. 

Ce odan ri: M/A74 (Gtaagowk Varicxs 
lane and carriageway closures on the 
Cartste route: delays expected between 
Lesmahagow and Crawford. Mffc Inside 
lane westbound is dosed near Harthil 
service area between 9 am and 4 pm. 
MM/W: Northbound carriageway cfosad 
at Bannockburn I ntercha nge. Shrfop: con- 
traflow via the M9 sowhbound. 

Information suppled by AA 


The pound 


AustrataS 
Austria Sch 
Belgium Fr 
CanadaS 
Denmark Kr 

RntaodMkk 

France Fr 
Germany a 
Greece Dr 


Breakfast te lev i atoi B The average 
weekly figures for audiences at peak 
tunes (wtm figures in peremnesis 
showing the reach ■ the number at people 
who viewed for at least three minutes): 
B8C1: Breakfast Timer Mon to Fit 
1.3m (7 An) 

TV-am: Good Morning Britain Mon to Fri 
21m (10.4m) Sat 23m (5£m) 

Sun 1 An 


Greece I 
Hong Kong S 
Ireland Pt 
Italy Lna 
Japan Ter 
Netherlands Gtd 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
South Africa Rd 
Spain Pta 
Sweden Kr 
S witz er la nd Ft 

USAS 

Yugoslavia Dnr 


Bank 

US 

2420 

71X0 

219 

1230 

221 

11-07 

247 

2214)0 

1220 

1.157 

23804)0 

25200 

2885 

1148 

234.75 

440 

21940 

1142 

243 

140 

640.00 


Bank 

Sees 

248 

23.10 

6740 

2J» 

1245 

7.71 

1042 

349 

207.00 
1140 
1497 

2260.00 

245.00 
2705 

1148 

22275 

4.00 

a»4o 

1277 

268 

143 


Rates tor sma9 denomination bank notes 


as supplied by Bardtys Bank PLC. 


lerent rates appv 


cheques 

business. 


and other 


to travellers' 
currency 


L»» 

foreign 


Retri Price Index 3864 


Broadcasters' Audtonee Research Board. 


London: The FT Index dosed down 27 a 
1347.8. 


Weather 

forecast 


Hs«r c r\.. . 
•{if- ' 

3f) SKSU"f •- 


ERG rise 


vf- 


A ridge of high pressure 
to the W of Ireland will 
maintain a NW airflow 
over the British isles. 


6 am to midnight 


London, East AngBa, Midlands, 
E, central N Engtemfc Mainly dry. 


amn^ periods; wind NW 15 


moderate; max temp 21C. 

(70F): 

SE, central S, SW England, 
Channel islands: A little rain at first 



Eft"’"- 

flpin- * ‘ 

K '<■ 

bps -r ■_ - ■ 

C- r;..., r, : . ■ 

fcc Tcn*.p=< 


Inter spii 


fei ;r . 
csrcflhit 

7i cji-> 2 - 

sstisihc.'nJ • 
x: ::r z'~ 
;r.- v 
tff>x:2'.:i :• : 

as ' » r. 


DRG expa 


becoming dry with sunny periods; 

NW 


light, locally moderate; 

max temp 20C r 


wind ... 

(68F). 

Wales, NW, NE, Eri^and, Lake 
District, Isle of Man, Borders, 

Etfinbugh, Dundee. SW Scottand, 

Glasgow, Northern Ireland: Sunny 

Intervals, isolated showers; wind 
NW moderate; max temp 1 9C (66F). 

Aberdeen, Central Hflh a ldn a, 
Moray Firth, fC, NW Scotland, 

Argyll, Orkney: Sunny intervals and 

scattered showers; wind NW mod- 

erate. locally fresh; max temp 17C 
(63F). 

Shetland: Rather cloudy with 
showers; wind NW fresh; max temp 
12C (S4F). 

Outlook for tomorrow and Thurs- 
day: Mainly dry and sunny in the S. 
itheN.I 


Some rain at times In the N, but also 
drier periods. Temperatures near 

norma but becoming warm in the S. 


High Tides 



StHi rises Sunsets: 
453 am ' 9.18 pm 


b-M oe sky: bc-Nue sky smd cSoud : c- 
riouuir o-overca&t: f-rou. d-drtzzte; r>. 
hall: mtst-rntst: r-ralr. vsnow: 
thunderstorm: p-showers. 


tti- 


Arrows^ sjvgw wmd di ruction, wind 


(mt 

cenUcratte. 


circled. Temperature 


TOOAY AM 

Londotr Bridge 227 
Abenfuen 247 

Avoranouth B.53 

Belfast 1226 

Cardiff 843 

Devonport 740 

Dover 1242 

Falmoulli 7.00 

Gtaanow 147 

Harwich . 1.17 
Holyhead 

Hi 4 7.55' 

gTrac umbe 748 

Lte* 449 

Liverpool 1247 

Lowestoft 1048 

Margate' 145 

■Ufoid Haven 745 

Newquay £45 

Oban 747 

Pwzaace' 647 

Porttand 241 

Portwnouft 12.48 

Stwebara 1243 

Southampton 12.11 

Swansea 8.04 

Tew 5.10 

WHuo-on-Nza .1.18 


HT PH: .Hf 
£5 242 , W 
34 320 -31, 
11.7' 94B..fl4'« 
221249 . Zf 
104 253 4J4. 

28 744 -5.1 
. 20 12 St 
4.8- 7.14 
44 247 

1246 
27*843 
22.742 
-5.1-438 

y ..B49. & 
'T». *£ 

44 6A2 
14 &57 .1 J 
44 t.18. 44 

■&$.•%» H 

44 12.42, J2 

5.0 -628 . A2 
28 L29 - W 


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®ad cj Hi- !_ , j 1; 

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34 

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cers^-.y.^ ■ 


! Spars sale 


Tide measured in mates: 1m*228M*i- 


Moonrtses: Moon sets: 
5.28 am 1044 pm 
First quarter July 14 


Around Britain 


ijSssrs 

1 ® LillVn L: . v 


Lighting-np tune 


London 9.<8 pm to 424 am 

Bristol 9.57 pm to 4.34 am 
Edtabwah 1 047 pm to 449 am 

Manchester 10.07 pm to 421 am 

Penzance 1042 pm to 443 am 


Anniversaries 


Births: John D. Rockefeller. 
Rich ford. New York, 1839: Sir 
Arthur Evans, archaeologist, ex- 
cavator of the ruins' of Knossos. 
Nash Mills. Hertfordshire. 
1851: Perry Grainger, composer 
and pianist. Melbourne. 1 882. 

Deaths: Percy Bysshe Shel- 
ley. at sea off Leghorn. Italy. 
Il h?- Sir Henry Raebury. Por- 
trait painter. Edinburgh. 1823; 
Sir WDIiam Edward Parry, arc- 
tic explorer. Ems. Germany. 
1855: Havelock Ellis. Wash- 
brook. Suffolk. 1939. 



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How u (tarn _ 

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Yesterday 


Belfast 


Tempura hobs at midday yesterday: c. 
doud: t. lar: r. rain: s, sun. 

C F 

11558 Guernsey 
e 1864 inmvams 

1 1559 Jersey 
c 1661 London 
C 1864 Mtiwhatar 
1 1559 Newc a stl e 
f 1661 ITiWiwy 



C F 
11861 
M55S 
C 1966 
C 1763 
1 1661 
f 1457 
S-1559 


Pollen count 


The pollen count for London 
and (he South-easi issued by the 
Asthma Research Council at 10 
am yesterday was 53 (high). 
Forecast for today, similar, ror 
today's recording call British 
Telecom's Weatherline: 01-246 
809 1 , which is updated each day 
at 10,30 am. 


Parliament today 


Commons (2.30): Finance 
Bill, progress on remaining 
stages. 

Lords (2.30): Wages Bill, 
report. 


Tower Bridge 


Tower Bridge will be raised 
today at 3pm, 4.45pm. 5.40pm, 
7.30pm. 8.45pm. 9pm and 
II pm. • 


ifiTIMES NEWSPAPERS. LIMITED. 
J5W& Ptmled by London Post 1 Print- 
nrsi Limited at I- Virginia Siren. 
London EX 9XN Tunday. July . 8- 


tiUP Rpqtslrred as a Dewtoapar al 
Ih* Post OtfK^ 


Sun Ram 
(its in 

EAST COAST 
Scarboro 5.7 - 

BrWHrgton- 54 - 

Cromer 6.7 .13 
Lowestoft 23 .34 
Clacton • 5J3 22 
Matgto 6.4 22 
SOUTH COAST 
FMcestone 4 3 .08 
Hastings 
Eastbo urn e 

Brighton 
Worthing 
LHSetinmtn 
BognorR 
Soutosea 
S ando um 
Shankfln 
Boumemlh 
Poole 
Swanago 
Weymouth 
Exmoutb 


Max 
C F 


19 '68 sunny 
19 66 cloudy 


17 S3 sunny 
IB 64 sunny 
19 66 sunny 
19 66 bright 


Mracombe 

Tenby 

CataynBay 

Moracambe 

Douglas 


Sun Ram Max,';-- 
hr* in C P : . 

7S .06 17 B3 sonny 
7.T .12 l8-64.sumy. 




4.8 .13 

5.3 .13 

5.4 MS 
7.7 .09 

7.6 .11 
84 JOB 
22 .06 

- 22 
22 JOS 
9 2 .08 
9-2 JOB 

7.7 .09 
10-2 .09 
10 .0 .07 


Teignmoutb 104 .84 


Torquay 1 0-2 .06 

Falmouth 


95 .16 
72 .24 
Joreay 9.3 1.14 
Qomzomy 10.8 .40 
WEST COAST 
SdHy Islas 95 JS7 
Newquay 28 .16 


21 70 
21 70 
21 70 
21 70 

21 70 

22 72 
21 70 

21 70 
17 63 
20 68 

22 72 
21 70 
21 70 
21 70 
20 68 
21 70 
2 r 70 

17 63 

18 64 

19 86 
19 68 


bright 


72 - I6 6j smn* . ) p 

1.8 - 16 51 cloudy 

73 .23. 21 "70 M£, V M 


bright 

bright 

sunny 

bn^n 

sunny 

rain 

sunny 

sunny 

sunny 

sunny 

sunny 

sunny 

sunny 

sunny 

sunny 

sunny 

sunny 

sunny 


ENGLAND AND 
London 

B’ham Airpf 20 - 20 68 sufflif 

W 72 JX 20 68 SUffW 
CarfiflfCbi) 20 JOB 2Q;68 sumy 
Anglowy 22 -- 17 :68 bri#4 




BJo^Anpt 42 
Manchastor- 22 
Notftoghani 6.7 
N’ctf-o-Tyna 4.0 
1 2 


- :16 '61 Idotxiy 

- n6 81 -sunny 


CreSrta 
SCOTLAND 


.01 




17- 63._ _ 

16 .61 showets 


18 64 sunny 
20 66 sunny 


Prest wi ck 

Gtesoow 

Tima 

S to rn ow a y 

LanS*’ 

Wick 
KWesa 
Aba r riaen 
SL AfHtranes 
EtSnbtrgh ' 


2-5 

21 

42 

55 

4.1 
20 ; 
20 
BB 

3.1 
29 

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- 14 57 cfcwdy 

- 18-61 sMawis 

- 16 6i show^fl 
.03 15 . 59 ahowar* 
.06 15 ^bright 
.08 ‘18 : 55.^now®* 
.04 18 .81 sbtwws 

17, B3 .iW«k 


.04 


18 & 


•18 66' 

-18 .81 atxrkV* 


NOftTHBlN IRELAND 
Belfast - 14 .07 


1S--6T show** 


Ybasa are Sunday's flgum 


■Aii 


Abroad 


11— 

Stood?* 

Alex*dria 

iSSdru 

MIIU U1U 

Athens 

Bahrain 

Baiteds’ 

Bstcakn 

Beirut 


WDDAY: c, doud; d. fJrtzzJa /. lafo tg. tog. r. rah.- a> sun; *n. snow; t. thunder : 

C F C F c . . *. . p 

s 28 79 Cologne e 20 88 Majorca s fip p— _ m 

S 27 81 Cphagn C 17 63 KUjksT . ea-S- 553* * fT fj 

S 29 84 Corfu • f 28 79 BtStr s 28 ^ SPVUm* * 15 

8 31» _ J J? 83 Mbln, 1 0 “ ISSSi'lM 

i IS S J'S IS i 20 a ItaSr - c il § 


S 30 88 Faro 
a 37 99 Florence 
S 29 84 r / arf tt urt 
a 26 79 Funchal 


Bermuda' 

Blanttz 

Boide'x 

BouTne 

Brussets 

B Area* 

Cairo 

CapeTn 

(Thladca 

Chicago* 

Ch 'church 


C 28 82 ffihraBar 
f 20 88 Helsinki 
I 28 82 Hong K 
( 21 70 bmuck 
c 21.70 Istanbul 
1 18 61 Jeddah 
C 18 81 JoVoo* 
r 21 70 KataeM 
LPahna 
8 33 91 Ustaon 
s 16.61 Lobamo 


S 24 75 BBami* 
t 27 81 Man 
r 19 66 Montreal* 
.» 22 72 Moscow 
5 20 SB Munich 
s 25 77 Narrow. 

f 3* 88 in&w , 
c 18 61 N Yoifr 
1 28 79 Ntea . 
a 38 97 Oslo - 
8 16 61 Baris • 
t 32 90 Peking 
a 23 73 Perth 
8 24 75 ' 

I 26-79 


c 22 72 




8:23 .73 L Angels* c 2t 7P 

? H « mSSS * 9 l ^ 3 8' at 

' o *a Madrid S 3 8 90 Ihyadh s 45113 Znrtch. C lfi ® 

danotosSutxlay^figwBaarei^awrtttlhV:*-'*^* •" * 


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T S .-‘f. 18 6t 

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c 18 64 Vatenrta .... — 

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* 25 F VanicB'r-. A &Tt 
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P-. ■■•W* 
























TUESDAY JULY S 1986 


THE «SHg§< TIMES 


9,.:. ■' **...'* 

• ; 

■ : ^t ! H. 

. , -••• A 8l . 

1 - ; ■ •‘Vs - * i"s F 

* • -S. -- Aj.3 


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■•*■■■■ -, : -4 s ;K 

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V- .'«• 


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STOCK MARKET 


FT 30 Share 

1347.8 (—8.7) 

Ff-SE 100 
1631.0 (-18.4) 

Bargains 

24958 

: s&8^ 

THE POUMP 

US Dollar 
1.5345 (-0.0060) 

W German mark 
3*3479 (-0.0Q15) 
Trade-weighted 

75.8 (-0.2) 




Selloffs at 
Beecham 


•V--. 1' 



r£: 4.NNf> 3 V 2 > 


The Beecham Group is 
selling- two of its overseas 
companies* as part of. its 
extensive streamlining pro- 
gramme announced last 
month. 

The diversified consumer 
products and pharmaceuticals 
group is to raise £12 million 
from the sale of the United 
Stales Ace Comb company 
and its Australian soft drinks 
business. 

Both companies lost money 
in the year to March 31, while 
the combined price exceeds 
the net tangible assets of the 
two operations. Beecham 
shares added Sp to 440p. 

Ace Comb is being sold to 
Goody Products, a manufac- 
turer of hair care products and 
fashion accessories, while the 
Australian interests are being 
sold to Amatil, a large public- 
ly-quoted food and tobacco 
group. ■ 




Shipyards fail 




Harmstorf, one of West 
Germany's biggest shipping 
groups, put its three shipyards 
into receivership yesterday; 
highlighting the desperate fi- 
nancial slate of the country's 
shipping industry. 


ERG rise 





- Electronic Rentals Grou 
announced pretax profits up 
per cent to £16.5 million for 
the year to March 3t on 
turnover up 30 per cent to 
£254 million. The dividend 
was unchanged at 3 Jp net for 
the year. Tempos, page 19 


~ f Lower spirits 


Spirit / sales in - the firs: 
quarter ;df 'this, year overall 
were down 2.6 per cent but 
recovered at the end of March 
to 6.3 per cent above last 
year’s rate, said the Wine and 
Spirit Association. Imported 
spirits were up 7.8 per cent at 
the end of March. 


* e. * 



DRG expands 

DRG. the Dickinson Rob- 
inson stationery company, has 
acquired a rigid plastics busi- 
ness from Hercules Incorpo- 
rated of the United Slates for 
SI 0.5 million (£6.8 million). 

Tempos, page 19 


Forte talks 


'V 


P’j&h 




Trusthouse Forte yesterday 
confirmed it had held talks 
with Hanson Trust over the 
future of some of the Imperial 
Group assets. But no details of 
the talks were disclosed. There 
has been speculation that 
Trusthouse may be willing to 
pay up to £200 million for the 
motorway service outlets. An- 
chor holds, and Happy Eater 
roadside restaurants. 

Spurs sale 

Tottenham Hotspur Foot- 
ball Club has sold its 1 1-acre 
training ground in Cheshunt, 
Hertfordshire, for £4.9 million 
to Laing Homes — part of the 
John Laing Group. 

The sale, at £433,000 an 
acne, is a record price for Lea 
Valley housing land. 


FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 


Rover Group forecasts 
further serious losses 



17 


By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 


Correction 


The offer-for-saJe price of 
Windsmooris I06p, not 120p 
as stated in yesterday's issue of 
The Times. 


Rover Group, the renamed 
BL. which made a pretax loss 

last year of £1 10.3 million, is 

lacing the prospect of further 
serious losses in the first half 
of this year. Mr Graham Day. 
the new chairman, told the 
annual meeting in Loudon 
yesterday. 

At the same time, he an- 
nounced the widely expected 
resignation of Mr Ray 
Horrocks. the chief executive 
°f BL Cars, who has made 
public his acute displeasure at 
not being promoted to the 
chairman’s job. Mr Day said: 
“1 offered' him a position to 
remain, but he declined". 

Mr Day. who has taken over 
at a critical time for the 
company, with the trucks 
business jn trouble and further - 
privatization on the horizon, 
said the group's position rep- 
resented “a significant deteri- 
oration in financial per- 
formance" and this would be 
reflected in the first-half re- 


sults due to be published in 
September. 

Austin Rover's first-half 
losses could be double the £10 
million deficit it recorded for 
the whole of 1985. 

Yet there were positive 
.elements to come through, of 
which the most important was 
the launch of the Rover 800 
range, and how Austin Rover 
performed in the August sales 
peak. These would have a big 
impact on the financial result 
for the whole year. 

Mr Day said that Land 
Rover was si ill recovering 
from the uncertainly sur- 
rounding its possible sale ear- 
lier in the year and he made 
dear that it would need two or 
three years of positive 
progress in models, markets 
and financial performance be- 
fore being ready for return to 
the private sector. 

Last week's announcement 
of a £50 million order from the 
Australian Army for 2.900 
Land Rovers, won against 



Ray Horrocks: resigned 
when not made chairman 


every other competitor in the 
world, spoke volumes for the 
strength of the Land Rover 
range, he said. The launch of 
the Range Rover in the North 
American market in 1987 was 
the next most important step. 

The sale of Unipart to a 
consortium of investors was 
expected in the next two 
months, said Mr Day. and he 


disclosed that, the Rover 
Group would retain about 30 
per cent of the parts company 
to enable it to nominate a 
member of the board and “to 
play a significant role in the 
future direction of the 
business". 

A decision on the sale of the 
loss-making Leyland Bus. to 
cither the Laird Group. 
Avcling Barford. or a manage- 
ment consortium, would be 
taken in the near future 

Answering private 
shareholders' questions about 
future sales of assets. Mr Day 
said that if the entire business 
could be returned to profit- 
ability. it would be returned to 
the private sector, and he was 
personally in favour of that 

The group, being controlled 
by the Government, had great 
difficulty in raising finance 
and would have greater free- 
dom as a private company. 

Austin Rover was continu- 
ing to face extreme competi- 
tion. particularly in the UK 
where widespread discounting 
was depressing prices. 


Retail sales and consumer 
credit figures down in May 


By David Smith and Derek Harris 


Final retail sales figures for 
May. released yesterday, re- 
veal a slightly larger decline 
than originally estimated. 
Consumer credit also felt and 
the retail trade holds mixed 
views about the strength of 
sales in June and early July. 


Retail sales volume fell by 
0.9 per cent in May,- after 
falling by 0.4 percent in April. 
However, the 221 per cent 
surge in sales volume in 
March meant that, in the last 
three months, volume was up 
by 1.7 per cent on the previous 
three months, 


months credit was down by 3 
per cent 

There was a 7 per cent 
decline in fixed sum credit 
from finance houses, mainly 
reflecting conditions in the car 
marker Advances on bank 
credit cards, not seasonally 
adjusted, fell by 4 per cent 
over the period, while 
retailers’ credit, including in- 
store credit cards, rose by 1 per 
cent. 


The total of new credit 
advanced on hire purchase, 
bank and retailers' credit 
cards, and in other consumer 
credit arrangements, fell to 
£2.365 million in May from 
April's record level of £2.74 1 
million. In the last three 


At the end of May. amounts 
outstanding to finance houses, 
other specialist consumer 
credit institutions and retail- 
ers. totalled £21.994 million. 2 
per cent up on three months 
earlier. 


The pattern of retail sales 
shown up by the official 
figures has been criticised in 
some quarters, and conflicts 
with that indicated by the 


FT/ Confederation of Brit- 
ish Indusuy monthly survey 
of the distribution trades. 

But, according to a spokes- 
man from the Department of 
Trade & Industry . “The final 
index is based on sales returns 
from around 3.000 retailers 
whose total turnover is over 
half of all retail sales in Great 
Britain. The index is far more 
comprehensive and soundly 
based than the FT/CBI survey 
which seeks merely qualita- 
tive information." 

The official figures show 
that in the latest Lhree months, 
clothing and footwear safes 
were very strong - up by 7 per 
cent in volume, while sales of 
household goods rose by 4 per 
cent. Sales by non-food retail- 
ers in total increased by 3.4 
per cent while food retailers 
saw only a 0.4 per cent sales 
rise. 


Prudential 
buys West 
End site 


By Judith Huntley 
Commercial Property 
- Correspondent 

The Prudential Assurance 
Company, competing against 
nine other potential develop- 
ers, won the bid to buy a two 
acre freehold site in 
Knightsbridge, London, for 
over £35 million. 

The three office buildings, 
situated opposite 

Knightsbridge Barracks in 



London's West End, were 
developed in 1958 and total 
290.000 sq ft of space. The 
properties were sold by the 
British Gas Staff Pension 
Scheme (Stargas Nominees) 
which bought them in 1977. 

The offices, occupied by oil 
companies, including British 
Petroleum, ' Elf Ou, and 
Texaco, produce an annual 
income of £1.32 million, al- 
though they would be worth a 
great deal more now. 

The leases expire in the 
earlv 1990s and Prudential 
will* then redevelop the enure 
site. 


.<•-**- 


\ •• **-- 


tenfograte 

P time Rate &50& 

SWf Hf 0-5 ' 88 * 

30-year bonds tut 7 »- 


A 


CURRENCIES 


s.- 


London: 

£51.5345 

£ DM3.3479 
£:SwFrf.7283 
£ FFTT0.7161 
£Yen246.63 
fc fndax:75-8 


NewYortc 

£51.5345 
$: DM2.1810 
$: Index: 113-5 


ECU En /a 

SDR £0.767471 



STOCK MARKETS 

MAIN PRICE CHANGES 

dSjSSs 1867.97 (-32.90) 

JSSS DOW — 17714.07 (+11&71) 

Sydney. AG 113R2(-AB) 

cS*** 1*147 (-52.7) 

- 522-40 (same) 

KvP _ - 304p (+10p) 

Cray Bectfontcs 336p (+I0pj 

GoSe Durrant 100p j+25pj 

SSSZfiwriSPig 

_ .994pM8p) 

London dosing price* MS* 


INTEREST RATES 

B Matthew* — §58p j-18p) 

Haztewood fHg HS 

London 

Bank Base: 10% „ 

3-month imerbart* 

3-month eBgfcle tiOsS*" 

Pearson 

Aitken Hume 1 36p {-I3p 


GOLD 




close $344 
224.50) 

C^S344.4W44.90 


north sea oil 


Brent (Aug) S 10 . 10 S 10 . 15 ) 


KCA makes £28m 
loss provision 


By David Young, Energy Correspondent 


KCA Drilling. Britain’s 
leading independent oil drill- 
ing contractor, has made pro- 
vision in its annual accounts 
to cover potential losses of 
£28.3 million and is to sell one 
of its two drillships as a result 
of the falling oil price. 

Sir Monty Finniston. the 
former head of British Steel 
who isnow chairman of KCA. 
told shareholders that the 
ship, the KCA Kingfisher, 
might realize S25 million 
(£16.3 million).. 

However, day hire rates for 
drilling rigs for offshore and 
onshore oil exploration are 
falling daily and several other 
drilling contractors also have 
drillships and rigs on the 
market The KCA Kingfisher 
is equipped to drill to depths 
of up to 20.000 feet in remote 
locations. 

In his annual statement to 
shareholders. Sir Monty said 
that the company’s other off- 
shore mobile drilling rig. the 
KCA Sandpiper, a jack-up rig 
capable of working in the 
shallower areas of the North 
Sea and drilling to depths of 
25,000 feet, will be kepi on the 
drilling rig fleet 
KCA operates 10 onshore 


drilling rigs in the UK, Libya 


and Turkey, and three off- 
shore platform rigs in the 


North Sea. The KCA King- 
fisher will be kept on standby 
while a buyer is sought. 

Sir Monty said: "Looking to 
the future we expect the solid 
contribution from the land 
and platform drilling opera- 
tions to continue, although 
operations for expansion will 
be few and keenly contested. 

“Offshore, however, the col- 
lapse in the price of oil has 
been particularly damaging to 
the oil servicing industry. 
Many operators lave cut or 
delayed their exploration and 
development programmes for 
1986 and this has led .to a 
reduction in their drilling 
requirements. 

“The problem has been 
compounded by foreign drill- 
ing contractors transferring 
rigs to the North Sea from 
other areas in search of work. 

“There have already been 
signs of rationalization within 
the contract drilling industry 
— for. example through joint 
ventures and partnerships of 
what had hitherto been com- 
petitors — and in appropriate 
cases we may follow such a 
course ourselves where it is in 
the best interest of the Group. 

“An area where we have 
devoted particular attention 
to is the scope of our offshore 
activities." 


Defeat for 
Evered in 
bid battle 


By Cliff Felthara 


Evered Holdings, the fast- 
expanding industrial con- 
glomerate. last night lost its 
£1 55 million battle for control 
of McKechnie Holdings, the 
Midlands engineering 
business. 

The two companies had 
been involved in a fierce 
struggle for weeks, but the big 
institutions decided to stay 
with the present management 

Dr Jim Butler, chairman of 
McKechnie. said: "I think the 
institutions began to have 
growing doubts about whether 
Evered could cope." 

Mr Peter Baring of 
McKechnie’s advisers. Baring 
Brothers, said: “When the 
institutions got eyeball to 
eyeball with the McKechnie 
people they realized that the 
team was worth backing. I 
think this shows the fashion is 
going against takeover bids." 

Evered's bid lapsed after 
gaining acceptances of 27 per 
cent to add to its own stake of 


15 per cenL The company. 

there. Mr 


headed by the brothers. Mr 
Osman Abdullah and Mr 
Raschid Abdullah, still has a 
20 per cent stake in TI. the 
industrial company, which it 
also is keen to unload. 

The three key shareholders 
to favour McKechnie were M 
& G owning 10 per cent, the 
Prudential with 5 per cent, 
and Sun Life Assurance with 
2.5 per cent. 


Profits rise 
at Garclo 


Carclo Engineering, which 
makes equipment for the tex- 
tiles industry, increased its 
profits to £3.85 million before 
tax for the year to March 31, 
up from £3.59 million for the 
previous year. 

Turnover fell from £37.3 
million to £36.6 million and 
the final dividend is lip. 
taking the total to 15p. up 
from I2p. 

At the year end, net 
bo rowings stood at £1.2 mil- 
lion or 9.3 per' cent of 
shareholders' funds. 

The company said it is 
aiming for an acquisition in 
the present year and it has' 
bought a 1922 per cent stake in 
Jonas Woodhead. a manufac- 
turer of vehicle springs. 11.2 
per cent of Deritend Stamp- 
ing. a castings company and 
smaller holdings in olher 
quoled companies. 


Analysts expect sharp drop 
in money supply growth 


By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 


City analysts expect a sharp 
slowdown in the rate of money 
supply expansion when fig- 
ures are released early this 
afternoon. The predictions 
are, however, unusually cau- 
tions after recent big 
increases. 

The consensus estimates a 
rise in sterling M3 of slightly 
Jess than J per cent in banking 
June, compared with a 3 per 
cent May rise. The 12-month 
rate of growth of sterling M3 
would then fall to about 173 
per cent, from 19.5 per cent in 
May, bnt still above the 
official 11 to IS per cent target 
range. 

Wood Mackenzie, the 
stockbroking firm, expects the 
new sterling commercial paper 
market to have had an impact 
on estimated hank lending of 
£1.7 billion in June, and is 
looking for a sterling M3 rise 
of 0.7 per cent. 

James Cape], noting that 
the forecast for banking Jane 
is particularly difficult, ex- 
pects some reversal of the May 
distortion in the “other 
counterparts" of sterling M3, 
helping to produce a rise of 
only 0.75 per cent 

The range of City expecta- 


tions for increases in sterling 
M3 in banking June runs from 
0.5 to 1.25 per cent, well below 
the increases over the past 
three mouths. 

The London Bnsiness 
School, in its July Financial 
Outlook, predicts a substantial 
slowdown in the growth of 
broad money in the coming 
months. 

It cites three reasons for 
predicting a slowdown in the 
growth rate of the sterling M3 
money measure, which is ex- 
pected to reduce its 12-month 
rateofincreaseto8per cent by 
April 1987, from 19.5 per cent 
now. 

The LBS expects inflows 
into bank accounts from the 
personal sector to drop consid- 
erably because of lack of new 
savings instruments from 'the 
banks and a reduced level of 
marketing for existing 
accounts. 

The third reason, says the 
LBS, is macro-economic. Be- 
cause of the declining current 
account surplus, there will 
have to be substantial net 
inflows from abroad. 

Despite the improved out- 
look for broad money growth, 
the LBS is cautious about 


interest rates in Britain and 
overseas. 

A unilateral cat in interest 
rates by the United States is 
unlikely, the report says, be- 
cause of dollar weakness and 
the threat of higher US 
inflation. 

“Against this world back- 
ground. we are cautious about 
UK rates. We believe that 
there is some scope for a 
limited narrowing of the gap 
that currently exists between 
UK real interest rates and the 
average of onr competitors. 
However, there are several 
reasons why this narrowing is 
likely to take place only 
slowly, spread over the next Kg 
months," says the LBS report 

Principal among these rea- 
sons is the LBS’S expectation 
that economic growth will be 
strong without interest rate 
arts, and that the Government 
will attempt to time rate cute to 
produce a favourable pre- 
election profile for retail price 
inflation. 

Base rates are expected to 
average just under 10 per cent 
in the current financial year, 
implying a small reduction 
later in the year. Jailing to 8 
per cent in 1987-88. 


Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 


Dilemma of linking 
pay and profits 


With the Treasury putting the finish- 
ing touches on its proposals for profit- 
related pay — a green paper will be 
published next week — it was appro- 
priate that Professor Martin 
Weitzman, the Massachusetts In- 
stitute of Technology economist most 
associated with profit sharing, was in 
town. 

Professor Weitzman, invited over 
by the Employment Institute to make 
the case for profit-sharing, did so very 
capably in a House of Commons 
committee room last nighL Like the 
true seminar veteran, he has thought 
of and answered most of the objec- 
tions to his ideas before his oppo- 
nents. Treasury ministers would do 
well to keep a copy of his speech in a 
drawer beside the bed, in anticipation 
of the debate ahead. The green paper 
on profit-related pay, a close relative 
of profit-sharing, will raise the same 
sort of questions. 

The Treasury, it appears, has 
already answered one question, which 
emerged over the weekend. There will 
be no rigid requirement, in the green 
paper proposals, for an 80 per cent-20 
per cent split between fixed and profit- 
real ted pay. Rather, the scheme is 
intended to be flexible, and capable of 
being tailored to fit different 
circumstances. 

The Weitzman case, as presented 
last night, is an attractive one. 
Conventional forms of macro-eco- 
nomic policy, be they Keynesian or 
monetarist, have proved ineffective at 
coping with the simultaneous con- 
dition of high unemployment and fast 
rising prices. 

This ineffectiveness may be no fault 
of the policies, or the theory lying 
behind them. Rather, he said, it is the 
institutional structure, present in 
most Western European economies, 
and particularly so in Britain, which 
produces a bias towards unemploy- 
ment: in the jargon, a high non- 
accelerating inflation rate of 
unemployment 

There are many ways of dealing 
with this bias, as Professor Weitzman 
clearly recognized. He cited tax-based 
incomes policies, employee owner- 
ship and multi-tiered pay systems 
(different pay levels for, say, new and 
old workers). But profit-sharing, or 
some variant of it may be the only 
one which is also consistent with 
enterprise and initiative. 

The “bottom line” of his ideas is: 
"The profit-sharing variant of a 
capitalist firm is a viable, healthy 
organism that has passed the market 
test with flying colours. 

“If European-style economies were 
to encourage this species to take hold 
by granting significant tax concessions 
to profit-sharing income, it is difficult 
to see how any great harm could be 
done and easy to see how a lot of good 
might come of it.” 

There is a nagging doubt about the 
emergence of profit-related pay into 
the policy debate in Britain. It is not 
possible to say, with any degree of 
confidence, that linking a proportion 


of pay to profits would, on its own, 
make significant inroads -into 
unemployment. 

It has to be seen as a means of 
improving the efficiency of, not 
replacing, conventional macro-eco- 
nomic policy. Thus, as Professor 
Weitzman said last night, expan- 
sionary policies would be needed to 
“gobble up” the unemployed, once a 
scheme was in place. 

The Chancellor, one suspects, sees 
profit-related pay as an alternative, 
and not complementary to a policy of 
expanding the economy out of 
unemployment. 

CAP in the air 

The lunacies of the Common Agri- 
cultural Policy and its like are familiar 
to frustrated policymakers at home 
and to connoisseurs of Euro-Ameri- 
can trade skirmishes. Likewise 
development economists know well 
enough how developing countries 
have treated traditional agricultural 
export sectors as milch-cows to fi- 
nance pet industrial projects and 
appease the urban populace. Fre- 
quently, they have ruined the natu- 
rally strongest part of their economies 

The World Bank has done a useful 
service in bringing these two together 
in a single and devastating study of 
costly worldwide meddling. For the 
combination amounts to a scarcely 
believable misallocation of resources . 

“What is perhaps most surprising” 
Anandarup Ray and his co-authors 
cooliy note “is that it is the developing 
world which, on the whole, discrimi- 
nates against its formers, even though 
they account for large shares of gross 
domestic product and export earn- 
ings. And it is the industrial countries 
which provide subsidies to agri- 
cultural production, even though their 
formers account for small shares of 
GDP and employment”. 

Even if the damage to world trade 
and to the growth of developing 
countries is recognized, however, it is 
going to be extremely hard to co- 
ordinate international agreements to 
start dismantl i ng the edifices of 
distortion, if only because agricultural 
policies are so important domes- 
tically. 

Here, the developing countries are 
making a better fist of putting their 
own house in order than the European 
Community, North America and 
Japan. Lessons have undoubtedly 
been learnt from the success of Asian 
agriculture, mostly recently in China, 
and the contrasting failures in West 
Africa, the Caribbean and South 
America. Pressure from the the IMF 
or the World Bank has also helped 
break down food subsidies and hope- 
lessly damaging state marketing that 
has pushed so many formers off the 
land or into illegal parallel markets. 

Nearer home, prospects for reform 
look bleaker. Mrs Thatcher failed to 
exploit leverage over the European 
Community budget to bring much 
reform to the CAP and Britain has 
gone along the quota road. 



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a eJ&iaei OX) V X-X 




FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 


COMMODITIES REVIEW 


THE TIMFS TUESDAY JULY 8 1986 — 

( wdri n BANK DEVELOPMENT REPORT 1986 


Cocoa talks key to other pacts Farm suDDort policies 

ralks in Geneva this week biggest producer, announced !■ . i nations' hand has been ^ * ST AT ■»- 


Talks in Geneva this week 
about a new international 
cocoa agreement have an 
importance stretching be- 
yond the commodity which 
provides us with the raw 
material for our after-dinner 
mints and bedtime drinks. 

If the discussions succeed 
Third World producers of 
commodities can still cling to 
the hope that workable 
ageements can be established 
to regulate the volatile mar- 
kets which hold the virtual 
power of life and death over 
their economies. 

If they fail it may be the 
final straw for the whole 
concept of commodity pacts 
which was dealt a savage 
blow by the collapse of the 
international tin agreement 
last year. 

The buyers' markets that 
have prevailed in most com- 
modities for the past six years 
would remain with little in 
the way of a countervailing 
force from a binding agree- 
ment that would be obeyed 
bv producers and consumers. 

'Optimism on reaching ac- 
cord in Geneva has waned 
and waxed since the fourth 
round of negotiations col- 
lapsed in March. At that time 
the Ivory Coast, the world's 


biggest producer, announced 
it would not be joining the 
pact which is planned to 
.come into force in October. 
As consuming countries were 
quick to point oul a pact 
without the Ivorians would 
be "as good as useless.” 

The Ivory Coast is not a 
member of the current agree- 
ment but. as the pact has no 
effective teeth, its absence 
makes little difference. No 
cocoa has been added to the 
price-support stockpile since 
1982 when iis manager ran 
out of money. 

However, on top of the 
100.000 tonnes in the stock, 
the International Cocoa 
Organisation (ICO) has built 
up reserves of more than 
S200 million (£2.3 million), 
virtually all funded by its 
producing members through 
a 2 cent a lb levy on exports. 

Such strength is indeed rare 


London Cocoa Futures 
2nd position 

Epgr tonne 1 




. . • t • j 


Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun 


among commodity groups, 
and ICO sources are quick to 
point out that a new agree- 
ment would have a far greater 
chance of being effective than 
the late lamented tin pact, 
which had to end when the 
bankers to its buffer stock 
cried that enough was 
enough. 

The source of the cash 


reserves has also given the 
Cocoa Producers’ Alliance, 
particularly the West African 
members, a strong political 
argument to arm-twist Abi- 
djan back to the conference 
table. 

Getting the Ivory Coast 
delegates to Geneva, howev- 
er. is one thing: persuading 
them to sign on the dotted 
line of a new agreement is 
likely to be far harder. 

The main point of differ- 
ence in March was the mini- 
mum price level at which new 
purchases would be added to 
the buffer stock. The produc- 
ers wanted price support to 
begin at 1 13 cents a lb; the 
consumers, led by the Euro- 
pean Community nations, 
sought a level some IS cents 
lower. 

If anything the importing 


nations' hand has been 
strengthened over the past 
four months, and the chances 
of a compromise seem slim- 
mer. Cocoa prices, which 
stood at 102 cents before the 
Ivory Coast walk-out. have 
since declined almost contin- 
uously and now stand around 
85 cents. . ' 

In these circumstances the 
consuming countries which, 
in any case, want a mecha- 
nism that allows the floor 
price to fall if market condi- 
tions dictate, can call the 
shots and let the finee market 
take over if they fail to get 
what they want. 

Cocoa traders in London 
are fairly well resigned to this 
week's talks reaching no con- 
clusion. although they say 
there is more optimism in the 
United States. 

Current prices on the Lon- 
don Commodity Exchange of 
around £1300 a tonne dis- 
count failure, although if the 
status quo continues further 
fails appear likely. 

If an agreement is reached, 
a short-term rally of between 
£80 and 100 a tonne can be 
expected, along with the 
heartfelt thanks of the world’s 
commodities producers. 


both rich and poor nations 


lilt 
5 £ 


By Graham Searjeant 
’ Financial Editor 


The World Bank has 
launched a devastating attack 
on the Common Agricultural 
POlicv and its equivalents, 
estim'ating that farming sup- 
port and protection is costing 
tax pavers and consumer in 
the industrial countries of] the 
OECD more than $100 billion 


UNLISTED SECURITIES 


Hqn Company 


Pnc* Cents •» P/E 


A ft W 00 12 

ATA Sstacron 55 

•BDW«9 12Q 

Araoeen SA Hsa 40 
Acre Salem 
Awm Ccm> 

ACS* 

Mam LMun 
Am Cd 

Akda 
A/UVet 
Acmes ee 




0 6 43 11.6 
2 1 33147 

36 30 17 1 
31 73 112 

461 

32 

as 

e 22 
23 12 71 7 

77 6.4 

92 35 143 


0u wmts 
Aioen Comm 
Atomaf 
AsOrav 

Auoc Energy 
ASD 


40 1.1 3TQ 
36 60 75 

113 19 253 

62 

114 54 92 
BO B 4 22 1 
71 33 163 
56b 7.6 83 
64 79 75 

05 35 215 

110 

253 

60 

6 0 1.4 24.4 


13 4.1 103 
640 60 143 
55 2.4 161 


II 52 11 1 
60 43 93 


' !>•«» *. P/E 


Owners Abroad 35 

PCT 133 

Pea* Systems 220 

Poohe Saw 65 

Pinna PU i«5 

R*«Md Oo 540 

PW MIm 16 

Pa non 36 

Penny 8 173 

Pm Group 146 

Peneom 130 

Panins Ui 28 

Pews iMdart 15S 

Patrogm 79 

PooS, Ram 31 

Pci Pm 26 

PnaKOte Dane* 63 

Invast 98 

Plannee 28 

Platon 168 

pSJSS Mama 150 

Powertna 90 

Pronzapm) 123 

Prooeny Tst tOb 5 * 

Do Sp 5- 

Queue! 280 

Rimotv A 31 

Ram Clyde 40 

Rams 106 

Rarco 0>i 16 

Rvnus *) 

Real Tuna Control 45 

Refcarf Unto' 25 

Rivtn 1065 163 

Rons 8 Maun 73 

RuOOa [G] 171 


21 S3 10 1 
43 35 152 


42 66 85 
S3 3J J32 
45 07 . 

a- 70 
- 75 

23 13 ISA 

4.7 32 14.0 

32b 25 610 

1.7 61 68 

3.7 2.4 193 


29 94 151 
35 
165 

38 37 IS fi 
14 S.0 15 

4 B 24 137 
24 13 327 

54 33 21.4 

26 23 121 
44 34 165 


62 22 183 
a 6i 

48 115 130 
33 33 162 
10 53 33 

75 83 151 
23 64 162 
214 

01 01 .. 
15 40 79 

63 33 143 

21 1.8 
31 23 


a vear. . r 

But the Bank’s study of| 
trade and pricing policy in 
world agriculture concludes, 
that only about half this cost 
benefits producers. 

Most of the benefit ends up 
in higher land prices, rents or 
artificial values for production 
quotas, rather than helping 
farmers' incomes in the long 
run. And that makes it much 
harder for people to enter the 
industry- . , 

Rich countries agricultural 
policies also hurt arming in 
virtuallv all developing coun- 
tries. Regimes such as the 
European Economic Commu- 
nity's Common Agricultural 
Policy have raised output 
uneconomical^ at home by 
maintaining artificially high 
prices which reduce the de- 
mand for food. The Bank 
estimates that producer prices 
in industrial countries now 
average 40 per cent above 
world prices, a far bigger gap 
than in the Sixties. 

This combination has de- 
pressed free market prices, 
especially for the developing 
countries, because the indus- 
trial countries also import less 
and subsidize their own ex- 
ports. even undercutting de- 
veloping countries' fanners in 
their own markets. 

Protection has therefore di- 
rectly cut exports and output 
in developing countries where 
agriculture is much more vital 
to economic growth. In low 
income developing countries, 
agriculture accounts for 3S-40 
per cent of gross domestic 
product. 

Policies designed to stabi- 
lize domestic prices also lead 
to much greater fluctuations 


Perverse policies towards agriculture and trade in 
food in both industrial and developing countries lead 
to a misallocation of resources, the World Bank 
argues in a study of agriculture In its 1986 world, 
development report. As a result, “there is too much 
production in industrial countries and too little m 
developing conn tries,” the report says. This stifles 
economic growth in developing countries because 
agriculture is much more Important to them. The 
next round of negotiations of the General Agreement 
on Tariffs and Trade (Gatt) provides the opportunity 
to break this cycle by liberalizing trade in food. Free 
trade would benefit industrial and developing 
countries by $64 billion a year, the Bank es tim a t es, 
and benefit Third World agriculture far more than 
trade preferences, international commodity agree- 
ments or other special measures. 


European. 

‘ Community. 


' Economic 


FOOD TRADE 
BALANCE 


SMBon 

184 


IndnttM 

countries 


EEC MILK PRODUCTION 
115-i Tonnes /v ■ 


Developing 

countries 


Deliveries 
to dairies 


\ 

East Europe 


flnnioinmtv 


Consumption 


1961 1965 1970 1975 198Q1S 


1978 1? 


in world prices, most notably 
in the most heavily protected 
■areas such as dairy farming, 
sugar and beeL And. even 
greater protection las devel- 
oped for processed food prod- 
ucts. making it harder for. 
developing countries to add 
more value to their food 
exports. 

The report written by a 
team headed by Mr Anan da- 
mp Ray. formerly the World 
Bank's senior economist for 
Latin America, charts the 
increasing cost protection and 
complexity of policies in the 
EEC. North .America and 
Japan as price support policies 
have boosted production be- 
yond depressed consumption 
levels. 

“It is difficult to change a 
policy even if its failure can be 
demonstrated Instead a new 
policy is introduced to offset 


its shortcomings." the report 
argues. 

“During the 1970s. im- 
provements ia milk yields 
reduced dairy costs below 
official milk support prices, 
which were actually raised. 
Governments found them-, 
selves flooded with milk sur- 
pluses and spending soared, 
increasing sixfold in the EEC 
and fivefold in the US be- 
tween 1974 and 1984. Instead 
of lowering prices and jetting 
consumers benefit , from the 
technical progress, however; 
governments have attempted, 
to limit the amount of milk 
sold at guaranteed prices." 

The support regimes have 
become ever more complex 
and costly as new policies are 
added to counteract surpluses. 
This has produced conse- 
quences in other developed 
countries as bizarre as ini the 


• In the USL. the ■= federal 
government subsidizes land 
clearance and- then' pays- form- 
ers not to grow grain, ; ■ ' 

• in Japan. rice .formers 
receive three times the world 
price but some of thefr'erop 
has to be sold as animal-feed at 
half the world price.-*;.- 

• In Canada. producDonquo- 
tas are so right that ''formers 
will pay up to-eightiniies the 
market price of a cowjbrthe 
right to sell that cow's milkar 
the government siippdrrprice. 

• The biggest gainers fironnbe 
support policies in free market 
industrial economies -are the 
countries of Eastern Europe. 

■The report- argue& ! r £hai 
stabilizing prices ter protect 
formers does hot require poli- 
cies of self-sufffeiencjL but 
: could be achieyed by.Kippon 
prices which , reflect, wprkl 
prices more closely. ... 

Support for form incomes 
also ignores the - increasing 
trend towards pan-rime -firm- 
ing among the smaller high- ■ 
cost producers: Net; 'form 
income as a. proportion ;of . 
formers' ' total income' .has 
fallen to about a third inibe 
US and to a quarter Fri Japan. 
■Small formers coufd-therefbre 
be supported by much less 
general and much less -costly 
policies. 

Domestic policies Ta mdus- 
' trial countries have asgreatan. . 
effect on developing countries 
as do direct import- tariffs and - 
quotas. .'. . . 

If industrial and devek>pmg T 
co umries simultaneously; lib- : 
eralized domestic policiesatid ' 
removed trade barriers, indus- 
trial market economies would 
gain $46 billion a year, and 

developing countries $18 bil : : 
lion a year in temperate-zone 
products alone. •. the -study ’ 
estimates. j . 

■ Developing ; countries 
would gain much more from 
liberalization of trade m tropi- 
cal products and processed, 
foods, for outweighing; all the 
financial aid they, now receive. 


Third World ‘must exploit advantages’ 


Inefficient tax, subsidy and 
public spending policies in 
developing countries have 
centred on agriculture because 
It is the biggest component in 
output, because food costs are 
the most vital ingredient in 
urban poverty, and because 
governments wanted to dis- 
criminate in favour of manu- 
facturing industry, the World 
Bank argues. 

Third World countries have 
damaged their own farming 
industries, where they have a 
natural trade advantage, as 
much as industrial coon tries 
have artificially supported rel- 
atively unimportant fanning 
sectors. 

Fanning productivity has 
risen so fast in industrial 
countries as a result that the 
average farm family produces 
enough surplus food for 50 
other people, whereas the 
typical farming family in low- 
income developing countries 


CEREALS IN 


~ SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA; 
1 (Per capita net imparts) * 


aged newer agricultural sec^ 
tors— tea in Kenya, palm ofl in 
Smith Asia — have benefited. 


20 -j Wheat and flour 





• Farm output is often bought 
through monopoly state mar- 
keting boards which give 
fanners lower prices than 
those paid to importers for 
competing products to subsi- 
dize the towns. 


-4. oreoawofftiM 

1965 1970 1975 1960 198 


“Government intervention 
at all stages of production, 
consumption and marketing of 
agricultural products and In- 
puts has frequently inhibited 
the growth of rural incomes," 
the report says. It listsaseries 
of policies that have uninten- 
tionally damaged agriculture: 


produces enough to feed only 
two others. The yield gap 


two others. The yield gap 
between the most efficient 
producers - Britain in wheat, 
the US in m aiz e and Japan in 
rice — and the least efficient 
has grown significantly in the 
last 20 years. 


• Promoting industry behind 
tariff barriers raises costs to 
fanners bnt lowers profit rates 
compared to industry, encour- 
aging poor farmers to migrate 
to tbe cities. 




MACHINE TOOLS MATEKlAf-S HANDUV. .-(. IfAP I’UOC. FSSI.NU 


“Improvement 
in trading profit’ 


Sir Jack Welling s, CBE, Chairman said: 

Our manufacturing companies improved their results 
substantially but a large part of the improvement was 
eliminated by a complete reversal to a loss in our ferrous 
scrap trading activities and heavy losses in South East 
Asia. Nevertheless. I am glad to be able to report an overall 
improvement in trading profit before tax for the year. This 
was achieved despite the considerable strengthening in the 
£ and an unprecedented increase in Product Liability 
Insurance premiums. 

The highlight of the year was the purchase of the 
Industrial Distribution Group of Clausing Corporation and 
a new consolidated office, warehousing, manufacturing 
facility is near completion on their ate in K alamazoo. 

Our exports increased by 12? and the export 
percentage of our manufactured goods was well in excess of 
609. 

We look forward to an overall improvement in our 
efficiency and an improvement in results over last year. 


Salient figures: Vear to 3 1st March ]9g6 

£000 

Sales 203,133 

U.K. Exports included 80£43 

Trading Profits before Taxation 6,1 1 1 
Total Profit before Taxation 6,705 
Ordinary Stock Dividends 
per Unit 5.775p 


1985 

£000 

187.320 

71.791 

5.737 

7.61S 



RATES 


ABN 10.00% 

Adam & Company :iaOO% 

BCCI 10.00% 

Citibank Saringsf 10.75% 

Consoftfated Cnfa 10.00% 

Continental Trust 10.00% 

Cooperative Baltic „10m 

C. Hoare & Co 1100% 

Hong Kong S Shanghai 10.00% 

LLoyds Bank .10.00% 

Nti We stmins ter 1000% 

Royal Bank of Scotland 10.00% 

TS8 10.00% 

Citibank NA 10.00% 

t Mortgage Base Rite. 


APPOINTMENTS 


BASF United Kingdom: Dr 
Michael Becker becomes di- 
rector of finance and 
administration. 

Pinnacle Insurance Co: Mr 
Cecil Rhodes Harris has been 
appointed to the board. 

Midland Bank: Mr Ernst W 
Brutsche and Mr Herve de 
Carmoy have been made di- 
rectors. effective September J. 

Friends' Provident Life Of- 
fice: The Rt Hon Patrick 
Jenkin has joined the board, 
but has resigned from the 
board of Provident Life 
.Association. 

Glaxo Group Research: Dr 
Richard B Sykes has been 
made deputy chief executive. 


Bayer UK Ltd. Agrochem 
Division: Mr Dieter Lotushen 
has been appointed chief 
executive. 

The Reuter Foundation: Mr 
David Chipp becomes a 
director. 

MGM Assurance: Mr David 
W Hardy has been appointed 
chairman. 

Sangers Photographies: Mr 
Mark Rabin joins the board. 

Occidental Crude Sales: Mr 
Peter Evans has become vice- 
president. Eastern 

Hemisphere. 

Kjtcai & Aitken: Mr Mi- 
chael Coulson has been made 
a director, investment ; 
research. 


• Governments maintain over- 
valued currencies, usually pro- 
tecting industry with import 
barriers but exempting food 
imports. 

• Traditional food exports 
have been heavily taxed, 
sometimes as high as SO to 75 
per cent. For instance, such 
policies cost Ghana most of its 
share of tbe world cocoa 
market until recent reforms. 
Similar fates have befallen 
Egyptian cotton, Sri Lankan 
tea and West African palm oiL 
Countries that have encour- 


• Price stabilization schemes 
are inefficient and paid for 
ultimately by farmers. 

• Subsidies for farm credit, 
fertilizers and machinery 
mainly benefit richer formers. 

Such policies reduce pro- 
duction mid deter small form- 
ers from investing in higher 
productivity. Discrimination 
against agriculture has left 
sub-Saharan Africa as the 
only region in the developing 
world that has foiled to expand 
food production as fast as 
population in the past decade. 

As a whole, agricultural 
exports have declined from 
nearly half of developing 
countries' export earnings in 
the Sixties to around a fifth 
today. 

The W : orld Ranh also notes 
that most famines are caused 
by depressed rural families 
having no money to buy food 
when crops fail, rather than by 
absolute nationwide short- 
ages. 

The World Bank condades 
that agriculture should be 
playing a much bigger role in 
the economic growth of devel- 
oping countries and that coun- 
tries such as China and 


Turkey have shown the dra- 
matic, effects of redndng gov- 
ernment interference and 
relying more on markets. . 

. Developing countries should 
also ^Vploittheir comparative 
advantage rather than ape tie 
industrial countries', drive to 
agricultural setf-suffkiency. . 

Taxes now levied, on 
formers* output, either- ex- 
plicitly or through state pm- 
chasing policies, should be 
replaced by foxes on land and 
incomes or general on»nhp- 
tion taxes that are paid by the . 
better-off. ‘ -; : 

Food subsidies need to be. 
carefully targeted at vulnera- 
ble groups and public spend- 
ing concentrated on .rural 
infrastructure, research and 
other aids to formers. : 

"As these reforms take 
place" the report concludes, 
"economic growth wfll in- 
crease and fodiitote sustained 
progress towards food security 
— that is the eradication of 
poverty, malnutrition and the 
periodic occurrence df, 
famine." 



600 


Fora copy of the Report and Accounts 
please writ* to The Secretary . 


ESTABLISHED 1834 


The 600 Group PLC. Hythe End 
House. Chertsev Lane. Staines. 

Middlesex TW18 3EL. 


Marshalls Halifax PLC 


Concrete products, Quarrying & Engineering 
Results for year to March 31st 1986 


‘Last year was one of solid achievement and I am quietly confident 
regarding the outcome of the current year." 

David R. Marshall 
Chairman 


Sales £69. 3m up 13.7% 

Profit before Tax £7.19m up 20.4% 

Dividend for year 5.25p up 17 . 0 % 

Capital Investment during the year £7.9m 


For a copy of the Report & Accounts please 
contact the Secretary 

Marshalls Halifax PLC 
Hall Ings, Southowram, Halifax HX3 9TW 
l T elephone: (0422] 64521 


CARCLO 


Again a record year 


“In its . 63rd year Carclo has established 
another record with fully diluted earnings per 
share 1 4.3% up at 39.2p as compared with 34.3p 
last year. This is a satisfactory result as it takes 
into account the effect of the sale for £3.8m of 
both our 57% interest in The Indian Card 
Clothing Company and our Belgian card 
clothing company. 

The Directors propose a final dividend of: 
lip net per ordinary share, making a total of 
15pforthe year, an increase of 25%\ 


CARCLO ENGINEERING GROUP PLC 


Acre Street, Huddersfield. 











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THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 8 1986 


FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 


TEMPUS 


STOCK MARKET REPORT 


Interest charges dent 
Electronic profits 

P AfUH t..— ... A 


Fears on US economy hit shares 


By Michael Clark 


-As the cost of buying televi- 
sion and video equipment 
t ^ as . come down and the 

SSB"*? *“* l** 0 ™ more 
rebaWe, the colour television 

mnpl market has been in 
decline. 

Despite some offset from 
video recorders, the total of 
rental subscribers has been 
ailing at an estimated 5 per 
cent a year. As a result, rental 

: companies can be bought on 
multiples of 12 months' in- 
come and, as the business is 
fragmented, there are plenty 
°f acquisition opportunities. 

This is the business back- 
ground against which the 
Electronic Rentals Croup op- 
erates. It owns the Visionhire 
TV rental chain, the third 
biggest in Britain, and yester- 
day it announced its prelimi- 
nary results for the year to 
Mart* 31. 

The 30 per cent improve- 
ment m turnover to £254 
million was largely because of 
the acquisition of Carousel, a 
TV- rental company bought 
mom Dixons, and Telefusion. 
However, pretax profits, 
which rose only 8 per cent to 
£l 6.5 million, were hit by 
significantly higher interest 
costs. These rose by 25 per 
cent to £12.5 million on 
borrowings which lopped 
£100 million at the year end, 
134 per cent of shareholders' 
funds. 

Borrowings are up because 
of the £45 million spent on 
acquisitions, but cash flow is 
such that £30 million can be 
repaid in this financial year 
on the assumption that there 
are no further acquisitions. 
But this cannot be ruled out. 

The group plans to use the 
steady cash flows from rental 
to- broaden its business base 
in four main areas. It will buy 
more rental companies, build 
on its embryonic chain of 
electrical retail stores which 
came with Teiefiision, ex- 
pand its non-consumer elec- 
tronics. business which 
should earn £3 million pretax 
this year largely because of 
Telefusion, and build up its 
domestic appliance service 
company, Serviscope. 

Of the 200 or so retail 
outlets acquired with 
Telefusion. 100 have been 
closed and 30 have been 
turned into Visionhire shops. 
The best 67 are being retained 
to form the basis of the chain 
retailing domestic appliances, - 
azidthis is expected to make a 
loss of some £25' million in 
! 1986-87 as the group clarifies 
I its strategy in this area. 

Richard Budgets, analyst at 
Greenwell Montagu & Cb_ 
forecasts that, as the rest of 
Teltfusion is integrated into . 
the group and the interest 
charge falls, pretax profit will 


nse by nearly £4 million to 
£20 million in 1986-87. This 
puts the shares on a prospec- 
tive multiple of nearly 14. 

The retail business will 
make Electronic Rentals 
much more seasonal. As sales 
will be biased towards Christ- 
mas, first-half profits m 1 986- 
87 are likely to be flat, and 
this leaves only the 7.5 per 
cent yield to buoy the shares. 


AMEC 


While most of the building 
contractors* shares have been 

the benefits Slower interest 
rates and increased Govern- 
ment spending, shares in 
AMEC have quietly slid 
backwards. At yesterday's 
price of 253p, they are 44p 
below their April high. 

Shareholders' fortunes 
could, however, be about to 
change. Interim results - due 
in late August — should 
confirm profit forecasts of 
more than £30 million, before 
tax, for the full year, up from 
£25.5 million. 

The level of dividend pay- 
ments will attract special 
attention, as the shares tend 
to be sold as an income stock. 
If the company opts to main- 
tain last year's cover, the total 
payout for the year could rise 
from lip to nearly 13p, 
suggesting a prospective yield 
of 7.2 per cent — more than 
twice the market average. 

That assumes earnings this 
year will rise from 24. 8p to 
top 29p a share. 

Having maintained the 
payout last year, when earn- 
ings fell, the company may, 
however, not want to increase 
the dividend in line with 
earnings. But even a lp 
increase, to 12p, would give a 
yield of 6.7 per cent . 

That income should keep 
most investors happy while 
the new management team 
prove themselves. Mr John 
Early has recently joined as 
finance director and Mr Rudi 
Kisjes, whose appointment 
was announced in January, 
has taken over responsibility 
for the international contract- 
ing business. In addition. Dr 
Norman Franklin, who has 
extensive experience in the 
nuclear industry, is a non- 
executive director. 

Their arrival may not put a 
growth tag on the company’s 
shares, but they should con- 
tribute to a higher profile for 
the company in future. 


DRG 


Stock market fashions are 
fast changing. Just as 
mega bids seem to have lost 
some their appeal, pension 
surpluses, which were hot 
property with investors not 


so long ago, have fallen out 
favour. Yesterday DRG re- 
vealed that it had a surplus in 
its pension fund, of probably 
more than £15 million, but its 
shares fell 2p to 298p in 
reaction. 

The company is using £5 
million of the surplus to 
improve benefits to those 
pensioners whose income 
was eroded by the high 
inflation of the 1970's. 

Shareholders will however 
be more interested in the 
benefit to profits, amounting 
to £2 million a year. The 
actuaries say the surplus is 
large enough to bear reduced 
contributions for five years 
but the company takes a 
more cautious line, promis- 
ing a review in two years' 
time. 

Assuming the boost to 
profits persists for five years, 
the news should theoretically 
add 6p to the share price, 
assuming a 35 per cent tax 
charge. 

The company says the 
proposed accounting treat- 
ment. such that reduced con- 
tributions are chaiged against 
profits, has been cleared with 
its auditors. 

That the market price did 
not react as theory dictates 
suggests that investors have 
become worried about the 
quality of profits in such 
circumstances. What will 
happen to profits at the end of 
five years? 

Acquisitions- will have 
made the £2 million annual 
benefit pale into significance 
in five years' time. Yesterday 
DRG announced the acquisi- 
tion of a rigid plastics packag- 
ing business from Hercules of 
America. 

This purchase gives the 
company a US manufactur- 
ing base and the right to sell 
Hercules' technology round 
the world. DRG has been the 
British licensee for the past 
seven years. 

While the company clearly 
has great potential, it current- 
ly makes a loss. In addition 
DRG is paying over asset 
value for the business. 

DRG also announced yes- 
terday the sale of Multiple 
Packaging for £1.4 million 
cash and of Barratt photo- 
copying business for £1.5 
million. The Bristol carton 
business however is still up 
for sale. 

In all DRG has spent a net i 
£11 million on acquisitions 
since its £33.5 million rights 
issue last year. The stock 
market clearly wants the 
company to spend in style. 

If megabids have truly 
gone out of fashion, the 
company’s approach might 
find more support in the near 
future. 


Investors were in a despon- 
dent mood on both sides of 
the Atlantic yesterday and 
dealers fear share prices could 
open sharply lower when trad- 
i ing resumes on the London 
stock market today. 

The growing threat of an 
economic recession in the 
United States has started to 
unsettle investors in both New 
York and London and intro- 
duced an element of reality 
back into share prices. Dealers 
reported persistent selling 
throughout the day in Lon- 
don. which gathered pace after 
hours with the Dow Jones 
industrial average more than 
44 points down in the first 
few hours trading on Wall 
Street. 

American economists are 
talking about economic stag- 
nation and the current weak- 
ness of dollar against the 
Japanese yen has only served 
to compound the market's 
misery. 

This all proved too much 
for British investors, already 
worried by the prospects of a 
Labour victory at the next 
General Election and 
warnings about the renational- 
ization of those companies 
which have been privatized by 
the Conservatives. 

As a result of this, shares 
like BT, which suffered its 
biggest one-day fall since it 
came to market, were badly 
hit. BT ended the day 18p 
down at 198p, wiping about 
£L.200 million from its market 
capitalization. There were re- 
ports in the weekend press 
that investors would only 
receive the 130p they original- 


ly paid for the shares if Labour 
is returned to power. 

The rest of the equity 
market continued to lose 
ground throughout the day 
wiih the FT 30 share index 
falling 8.7 to 1.347.8- The 
broader-based FT-SE 100 
tumbled by 1 8.4 to K63I.0; 

Government securities were 
in an anxious mood, eagerly 
awaiting today’s money sup- 
ply figures for signs of an early 
cut in bank base rates. Prices 


finished with losses ranging up 
to £'4 at the longer end or the 


to £'4 at the longer end o: 
market. 


Shares of Securiguard, the 
security and industrial clean- 
ing group, jumped 12p to 100p 
despite interim figures to April 
27, showing pretax profits 
down from £554,000 to 
£359,000. It is back on a 
growth tack and capable of a 
record £1 million for the year, 
helped by Ministry of Defence 
and nuclear power contracts. 


One of the few rises among 
leading equities was BOC 
Croup, 9p dearer at 303p, 
following a bullish circular 
from de Zoete & Sevan, the 
broker. Mr Howard Coates, an 
analyst, believes that the sell- 
ing has been overdone and 
that worries concerning US 
tax problems have been 
overstated. 

He claims the shares are 
more attractive than its rival 
JCI, 18p lower at 994p. 
Marketmen are now keeping a 
close eye on ICI following last 
week's moves to increase the 
group's borrowing powers. It 
now looks as the group is 


ready to hit the acquisition 
trail and observers are now 
guessing who will be its first 
target. 

Woolworth was a dull mar- 
ket. falling ISp to 650p. 
having just -fought off the 
unwanted attentions of Dix- 
ons. Dealers feaMhat Dixons 
may soon decide to sell the 10 
minion Woolworth shares it 
was left- with following its 
abortive bid. 

Dixons is reckoned to have 
paid about 680p a share for its 
stake and is unlikely to want 
to see the price continue to 
deteriorate. 

Note the weakness in shares 
of Saatcbi & Saatctai, the 
Prime Minister's favourite ad- 
vertising agency, following its 
recent acquisition of the US 
rival. Ted Bates. 

Analysis claim the group is 
continuing to lose accounts 
and the chartists are saying the 
price' has further to fall. The 
shares slipped 25p to 71 5p. 

Evered Holdings, the ambi- 
tious engineering company 
controlled by Mr Osman and 
Mr Raschid Abdullah, has 
failed in its attempt to gain 
control of its rival, McKechnie 
Brothers, after a fierce, drawn- 
out battle. Evered announced 
that acceptances for the bid. 
which was worth 282p a share, 
had totalled less than 50 per 
cent. 

Shares of McKechnie were 
promptly marked 21p4owerat 
427p as the Abdullah brothers 
congratulated. Dr James But- 
ler, the 1 chairman : of 
MecKeclinie. for his success- 
ful defence. Evered ended' the 
day 8p down at 264p. 


The market also has its 
doubts about Tranwood suc- 
ceeding with its bid for Aitken 
Hume, the beleaguered mer- 
chant bank. Aitken Hume 
dipped 13pto 1 36p — making 
a two-day loss of 20p — on 
fears thai the group would be 
bid-proof if the Tranwood 
offer lapses because of prob- 
-'ferhs with-- its American sub- 
sidiary- -NSR. 

Tranwood finished un- 
changed at !6.5p. 

Blue Arrow, the fast-grow- 
ing. USM-puoied services 
group, regained some of its 


Watch out for possible take- 
over moves at Stirling Group, 
which supplies 90 per cent of 
its production of women’s 
casnalwear to Marks- and 
Spencer. It is keen to take part 
in the menswear business. 
Profits for last year showed a 
34 per cent improvement to 
£237 million, with sales- 31 
per cent np at £26 million. 


composure, firming 2p to 
380p. following last week's 
uncharacteristic shake-out. 
The reason for the dullness 
was revealed when the group 
announced that Mr Brian 
KJngham had resigned from 
the board and had placed his 
entire holding of 1.458 million 
shares in the market through 
the company's broker. Phillips 
& Drew. for. an undisclosed 
price. . . .. 

. Mr "K i nghain was eiectixf to 
‘the board of Blue Arrow last 
year afier.ihe acquisition of 
his company. Reliance Service 
Group. He will continue to act 
as a consultant to Blue Arrow. 


Also on the USM. shares of 
Crown International, the film, 
television and video pro- 
gramme producer, fell 7p lo 
65p after learning that 
Grcenstar Leisure had re* 
duced its holding with the sale 
of 455.000 shares. This re- 
duces its stake to 545,000 
shares, or 5.8 per cent of the 
total.- 

Bui Goode Durraot & Mur- 
ray, the property and financial 
services group. leapt 25p to 
lOOp — just 2p shy of the 
year’s high — on bid hopes. 
The Hong Kong-based impala 
Pacific Corporation has 
bought 5 million shares in the 
company from UK Temper- 
ance & General Provident 
Institution, amounting lo 20.8 
per cent of the issued capital. 

NSS Newsagents was un- 
changed at 208p. still awaiting 
completion of the agreed bid 
from Gallaher, the tobacco 
manufacturer. Gallaher now 
speaks for 4.25 million NSS 
shares, or 13.2 per cent of the 
total. 

Last week’s newcomer, 
Morgan Grenfell, the mer- 
chant bank, still failed to 
attract attention. The shares 
dipped another 13p to 475p 
compared with last week's 
striking price of 500p. 

Market stags have never 
.been fans of the tender system 
rand the current level of take- 
over failures could spell the 
end of the recent spate of 
“mega-bids" that have proved 
lucrative to the City's mer- 
chant banking fraternity. 

The rest of the sector also 
remained dull. Brown Shipley 
eased lOp lo 430p. 


RECENT.ISSUES 


COMPANY-NEWS 


equities 


Accom Pub /125p) 

AJumasc (150p) 

Antler (l30p) 

Arlington (115p) 

Ashley (L) (i35p) 

Beaverco (I45p) 

Blpel (374p) 

Bin* (147p) 

Borland (I25p) 

Brodero (145p) 

Campbell Armstrong (HOp) 
Chelsea Man (125p) 

Clarke Hooper (130p) 
Coated Electrodes (84p) 


Densitron (58p) 

Eadie (39p) 

Evans Hallshaw (t20p) 


Fields (Mrs) (140p) 
Guthrie Corp (ISOp) 


Guthrie Corp (._.. 
Haggas (J) (I40p) 
Hodgson (85p) 


Lopex (145p) 

Monotype (57p) 

Morgan Grenfafl (SOQp) 
Smaftbone (I65p) 
Soundtracks (40p) 


140 
150 
118 
183 
211 -4 
140 
43’r + 'r 
143+1 
138+2 
150+2 
100 
134 -1 

153 
66 
65 

47-1 

119 

125 

154 
145 

104+2 
116+3 
158 +2 
473-15 
174-1 
42 


Task Force (95p) 
Templeton (21 5p) 
Tenby Inds (tl2p) 
Thames TV (190p) 


RIGHTS ISSUES 

Amari F/P 
Antofagasta N/P 


105'* 
138 +38 


Boa se Massirru F/P 
Costam N/P 


De La Rue N/P 
Erskme Hse N/P 


170 -10 
9 


• BERT AM HOLDINGS: A 
dividend of 0.95p (1.25p) is 
pa>-abic for- 1985. Results for the 
year, with figures in £000, 
include turnover 1.333 (1.930), 
share of related companies' 
profits 21 1 (357) and profit 
before lax 810 (1,092). The 
share price was unchanged at 
S5p. Earnings per share before 
extraordinary items 2.49p 
(3.02p) and after extraord items 
2.3Sp (3.60p>. 


that a final dividend should be 
paid but that it should be a 
modest one in view of the 
current adverse cash flow. The 
directors recommend a final of 
0.525p per share (2. lp), making 
l.S75p (3.1 5p). 


The share price was 105p. up 5p. 


Five Oaks N/P 
Frlentfly Hotels F/P 


tbstock John sen N/P 
mtl Signal N/P 


• VINTEN GROUP: Figures 
in £000 for year to March 31. 
Turnover 29.602 (29.389),pre- 


Leigh Interests N/P 
Pineapple N/P 


(Issue price in brackets). 


Turnover 29.602 (29.389),pre- 
tax loss 400 (2.491 profit). Loss 
per share 1.9p (earnings 7.3p). 
The company remains optimis- 
tic about the future. It considers 


• BELGRA VE HOLDINGS: A 
dividend of 4.5p (4.2p) is pay- 
able for 1985. With figures in 
£000. -turnover was 9.704 
(7.398); pretax profit 1.806. 
Earnings per share before 
extraordinary items were 10.5p 
(I4.5p) and after 2.8p (I4.5p). 
The directors are recommend- 
ing a small increase in ihe 
dividend as an expression ot 
their confidence in the future. 


• SIMON ENGINEERING: 
Calibration Systems, a subsid- 
iary. has acquired D M R 
Calibration and Repair Ser- 
vices. of Nottingham, a calibra- 
tion service laboratory. The 
value of net assets acquired 
amounts to £80,000. 


• HOWARD AND WYND- 
HAM: The .chairman, Mr R A 
Fields, says in his annual report 
that because much of the pro- 
ceeds of the group's 1985 rights 
issue had been used to acquire 
Ciro it might be prudent for the 
company to make another rights 
issue in the near future. The 
board is studying the matter. 


TRADITIONAL OPTIONS 


First Digs Lat Dtga LstDdn ForStknt 
Aug 4 Aug 15 Nov 6 Nov 17 


Aug 4 Aug 15 Nov 6 Nov 17 

July 7 July 18 Oct 9 Nov 20 

July 21 Aug 1 Oct 23 ' Nov 3 


Cafl options wen taken out ore 7/7/88 
B. Elliot. Moorgate Mercantile. 
Amstraa.Prop. Trust BeUhaven. York & 
Equity .Weeks Assoc. TKM. Wheway Wat- 


son, Rain EngJImes Veneer. Pteswy, 
Bernard Matthews .St. Modwm Props, 
Western Selection. Newman Industries. 
Bristol Oil & MnerafeCH Badey, Lastno. 
Astra. 

P.A.C.: Amstrad. 



Our Increased Alternative Offer. 


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FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 8 1986 


WALL STREET 


FOREIGN EXCHANGES 


COMMODITIES 


New York (Agencies) — 
Share prices tumbled in early 
trading yesterday in fntures- 
related selling. 

This selling ignored the 
strength of the bond market, 
partly because of the opinion 
that die completion of Japan's 
elections could foreshadow co- 
ordinated lower interest rates. 

Technical weakness also 
contributed to the decline. 
Declining shares outnumbered 
rising ones by five to one on a 


volume of 18 million shares. 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average fell by 20.95 points to 
1,879.92. Some traders had 
been expecting the market to 
react to its recent rise to 
records, since the US 
economy's weakness may not 
justify die gains. 


STERUNG SPOT AND FORWARD RATES 


OTHER STERLING RATES 




9 Wall Street was dosed on 
Friday for Independence Day. 
The prices below are for 
Thursday's trading. 


LONDON COMWjOOTV 
EXCHANGE 

G W Joynson and Co report 

SUGAR (From C. CzamScow) 

a SHI 

0« - I49.D-47.5 

a=. jssss 1 


LONDON METAt EXCHANGE 
UnofficMpnoM 

Oftoftl Turnover figures 


G8 ! St»8pl66.19PIW , fle st 


PripainBpwmeHcfcnoe 
Saver tn pence per troyotm* 


Jui JuJ 

3 2 


Jul Jul 

3 2 



CZSSEEESil 


COCOA 

July 

Sept 

Dec — — 

March — . — 

May 

July 

&= 


1254-61 

1293-92 

1333-32 

1364-63 

1384-82 

_ 1402-1396 

1419-17 

1331 


MONEY MARKETS AND GOLD 


nrsrwr 5 ts 


•UiKi 


COFFEE 

July 

Sept 

Nov 

Jan 

March 

May 


.... 1B1 0-05 
1644-42 
1879-75 
„ 1718-12 

1745-40 

1780-70 

1800-1^5 
2088 


COPPERGRADEA 

3 months _ — 903-010 

Vol ...... 28430 

Tone Steady 

STANDARD CATHODES 

Cash -872-873 

Vol n/a 

Tone Steady 

LEAD 

Cash 260-261 

Three Months 261-262 

Vol 6000 

Tone Steady 

ZINC HIGH GRADE 

Cash 538527 

Three Months 527-527.5 

UoT. 7650 

Tone Steady 

SILVER LARGE 

Cash 328327 

Three Months 334-335 


Gft^^54pperkgt“ 

Btssrfl sw 


LONDON PffiATFtmffiES 
EXCHANGE 
Seel Contract 


3, 166J27p(-1.33] 

UsKSX 


SeoHarefc 

Came nos. up 3.4%. a*e. 
once. 97-99p('1 .22) 

|ht®p nos. “P 3182 %. eve. 
pnoe I58.40p(+24.10J 
pig nos. %. e«e. 


SOYABEAN 

Aug 

Oct 

Dec 

Feb 

April 

June 


&? — 


119.8-19.0 
121JMIL3 
121 P-203 
1248838 

125.0- 248 
1238225 

124.0- 238 
359 


EE3E 


IT 




gasoil 
- hj*v 

Aug 

Sept 

Oct 

Nov 

Dec 

Jen 

Feb 

March 

Vofc 


_ 948083.75 

9780-00 

10080-25 

104.75-25 

„ 108880780 
. 11080-07.50 
. 115.08108.0 
. 117.081080 
. 120.08 11.00 
2618 


Vol — .. 

24 

Tone — 

SILVER SMALL 
Cash 

326-327 

Three Months 334-335 

Vol .. 

ALUNMUM 

Gash 738^-737.5 

Three Months 7483-747 

VrV ... .. 11000 

Tone- 

Steatfier 

NICKEL 

Ca&n M 

Three Months — 
Vd — - 

_. 2506-2510 
2540-2545 
1200 

Tone 

Steady 


LONDON GRAIN FUTURES 

Epar tonne 

Wheat Barter 

Month C toe Close 

July 120.00 ___ 

Sept 99-25 98.75 

SSv 102.25 10280 

105« 105A5 

March 107.80 ’07.85 

May 110-30 109.48 1 Oct 

Volume: __ I Jan 

Wheat 228 I Apr 

Barley 27 ■ 


LONDON MEAT FUTURES 
EXCHANGE 


Kg Meat 
pparkSo 




Aug 86 HXXMOOO:. 


1068 106.7 


MEAT AND LIVESTOCK 
COMMSSKM 
Average tststock prices <K 
representative markets on 

Jtey4 


GB: Cattle, 97.44p per kg iw 
(+086) 


Oct 

11 (L5 

1105 

Nov 

Vll-S . 

111.8 

Jan 

101 j) 

101-0 

Fab 

101 J) 

101.0 

March 

1015 

101.5 

a? 

102.0 
1Q2J3 - 

102.0 

\OZO 


Vd; 33 lots 

Open interest 45- ....—■ 

Spot market oommenheyr 
Tanker Index: * 

1 1548 down 68 _ - - 


INVESTMENT TRUSTS 


t ^ -< ' k If J.*: ' l r--.j 


LONDON FINANCIAL FUTURES 


Three Month Stertng 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 

Jun 88 '. 

Sep 66 

Dec 87 


Previous day's total <men I 
Three Month Eurodotor 

Sep 86 

Dec 68 

Mar 87 

Jun87 

US Treasury Bond 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 


90.91 

90.84 

90.65 

9? 

rest 16310 


90$Q 

Low 

- dose 

Ext Vo/ 

90J5 

90.74 

1156 

90J7 

90.91 

90.96 

682 

90S8 

90.84 

90.B9 

11 

90.65 

9a(6 

90.65 

1 



90£5 

0 



90.42 

a 

Previous Gay's tout open interest 1 6045 
9356 9354 93-56 751 

93.49 

93.45 

33.47 

358 


93^6 

3327 

127 

92.99 

9299 


81 


Previous day's total open Interest 7360 
10828 10813 100-19 620 

9828 0 


Shortcut 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 


102-58 102-58 

Sf 


Previous day's total 
102-58 1( 


al open Merest 854 
102-56 10 

102-63 0 

102-63 0 


Long GDt~ 

Sep86 .... 


SeoeG 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 ; 

Jun 87 ... 

FT-SE 100 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 


Previous day's total open interest 21365 
124-12 125-04 123-31 124-27 5872 

124-08 124-10 124-06 124-21 3301 

124-00 124-00 124-00 124-11 3300 

NfT 124-07 0 


167.40 167.50 

N/T 


Previous day's total open Interest 1976 
0 166.75 167.00 188 

16930 0 


>o 


31b 27 • 

778 

+2 

23.6 

38 

13* 


4.4 

33 

35? 

-2 

&9 

25 

10* 


OA 

08 

120 


3*b 33 

252 


150 06 

58 

—V 

37 

4.7. 

•S' 

• 

07 

217 

17. 

12 

95 

• 

33 

25 

855 

• *10 

3140 U . 

216 

+1 

Oi 

02 

1*9 


120 

21 

127 




ft 


14.6 

1.6 

43. 

09 

698 


14 

02 

199 

• 

aoh *o: 

109 

-T 

09 

08 

1«8 

+1 

4.7 

32 

382 


64 

19 

156 

• 

53 

25 

90 


20 

22 

160 

111 


20 

13 

•+1 

26 

23 

205 


21 

1J) 



143 

4.4, 

75 

• 

27 

115 

55J 

• +S 

62 

13 

ITS 


73 

42. 

32S 


123c 

40 

122 


1 4 

1.1 

137 

+1 

26 

29 

700 


57 

08 

160 

—V 

51 

12 

144 

+1 

29 

27 

156 


23 

21 

390 

• -2 

66 

22 

82V 

♦ V 

2.1 

23 

SB 

*2 



180 

-1 

200 

1 f 

166 


29 

17 


380 

44Q 

318 

390 

88 

181 

64 

49 

158 

50' 

246 

185 

329 

81 

77B 

31 

366 

178 

279 

149 

7a 

66 

38 

33 

42 

37 

405 

338 

in 

147 

2 sa 

216 

2*7 

207 

227 

181 

328 

287 


FINANCIAL TRUSTS 


*r 35 1 

American 'ExprufA 

£40V #+'• 


-•i 

71 31 


49 


. 14. 

29 262 

49 21 

Bou«Mad . 

35 



- SAB 

15* 116 

Bntano# Arrow 

145 


69 

4.1 17J) 

22V T3‘- 

Daxy Mad 

£21 V 

' ra*> 

893 

32 1U 

20'- 12'- 

Do A' 

WO 


693 

35-143- 

156 131 


146 

• +2 

59 

49 337, 

MO .90 


134 


-4J) 

ao ms 

247 1B7 


217 

-2 

80 

23 143 

KB. 66 

Exploration - 

105 

'-+7'- 

33 

3T.133 

7*0 376 

730 


-93 

V334J] 

9« 77 

^cf flp°" 

86 


6 A 

7.8 SL5 

102 75 

EOOO) (DAM) 

75 


■ 7S 

33 21.0 

16-960 


W7V 

• 

357 

23173 

218 183 

CH 

193 


UUO‘B.7'79 

440 320 

MAI 

405 


990 

5.7 iQfl 

10V 780 

MSG 

ITfl'i 

+•- 

743 

23 3V* 

362 264 

Mucamae Housa 

au> 

-2 

189 

ti a* 

99 70 


96 

• -V 

03 

GJJ 

26 IB 

Do Wanunts 

21 




206 152 

Snort New Court 

>68 

• +T 

TOO 

ftO T3 


THE TIMES UNIT TRUST INFORMATION SERVICE 


BM Otter Qeig YH 


Bn Otter Cmg YU 


BU Otter Chng YU 


BW OHer cnng YU 


Cnng rid 


Bu Otter Chng YU 


BU Otter - Chng . YU 


ABBEY UNIT TRUST MANAGERS 
80 Hottertwi Ra Boumemoutn M 8AL 
DM 717373 (LmMnel 

GA 4 Find 1196 mu 4-1.3 9.4 

High tnc Ea*y 97.1 1032# -OB 480 

WfcrMwrdeBond 1797 1BZ6 *12 SJJ* 

American Growth 1505 1666 -1 9 200 


Assets & Earns 

C apua! B rew 
Ccmra I DaQl 
European Capital 


439 47.2 
1D3B II OB 


UK Omni me 
Do Accun 
US Emeigmg Coe 


65 8 661 
65 1 896 
859 913 
1403 150.0 
762 81 1 
1003 108.4 
144 6 1554 
56 3 823 
199 8 212 7 


*12 834 
-19 200 
-0.7 265 
+17 133 
-02 153 
+04 259 
*13 138 
+1.6 283 
*1.4 

*31 142 
.4 4 099 

-08 042 
+3.4 223 


626 669# +0.6 150 


ALUED DUNBAR IfW TRUSTS 
AMO Punpar Centre Swxioan SNi 1EL 
0793 610368 & 0793 28291 


fire Dun 
Gro*tn 6 income 
Cwxul Trust 


h«jii income Ter 
Emm mcome 
HignYieu 
Gw Secs Trust 


Jaom Fund 
PbcNc Trust 
Aram SfW 60S 


231 1 246 1 +34 3.43 

139.0 1480 .1 4 306 

239 1 254 6 -2 7 2 47 

366 1 3889# -3-9 309 
5625 5690 *53 293 

324 3«5 *03 *32 

2564 2731 *31 45* 

1400 150 ie +13 4 7* 
1455 1S4 9 +14 535 

306 31 9 +03 9.03 

803 655 *05 095 

1038 tI03 +13 001 

1557 1658* +0.4 1 08 
678 7?2 *04 136 


Inti Recovery 
SmaMr Cos 
UK QowOl 
Ear* Me 

GR 

inc 6 Growth 
Net hmi me 
Riel Snares 
CmranotNy 
Franoai Secs 
Gou a Gan 
mt insure 
Prop Snares 
Um Energy 
Wortd Tech 
Apiar Growtn 
Amer mcome 
Amor Smalar Cos 
Aust GrowOi 
Eure Smeaer 
Far East 

Hong Kong Prf 

lira Qrowrti 
Jeoan fieri 
jaoan Swtt»e* 
Exera 

E**mcx ereraet 


1080 1152 
1456 1553 
387 413 
588 827 


UK G» A FI Inc 
Do Accue 


54 6 585a +04 813 
555 603a +0.4 708 


1607 171.6a *82 


267 282a 
2053 2180 
1992 2125 
187 190a 
1129 IH04 
4«o 401a 
142 153a 
>86 17.7 
68.4 74.0 

405 *82 
418 440 
93 0 99 2 
572 81.0 
230 254a 
572 61.0 
145 155 


EWURANCE FUND MANAGEMENT LTD 


40mm Centre. Hexagon House. 28 We e tern 
Fkuo. Rondora RM13LB 
070046966 


44 4 474 
225 24 oa 


S I 374 

3 707 
158 166 


85 1 69> 
6*1 671 


-2 A 267 
•17 215 
-05 44* 
+03 051 
+19 099 
1 71 
-01 064 
-04 339 
+02 5*2 

-53 202 
+01 022 
+0.7 095 
-0L6 2te 
*02 157 
♦13 
*0* 

*09 353 

4 14 


EQUITABLE UMTS A0HM8TRAD0N 
35 Founoxi SL Manchesw* 

061-236 5685 


EauttM Petcen 757 806 *13 315 

Hon mcome Trial 763 833 +1 7 *93 

Ga S fiiea kn 561 587e +06 BOB 

Tsi « In* Treats 653 695 +0 6 1.85 

Specs* S(« Trust 785 836 +1.6 226 

Nm Amer Trust 60S 64 7 *04 108 


ORE UNIT MANAGE! 
Hoyai EwYtange. EC 
01-488 9903 
GiK & Fixed H 
Growth Eguey 
Go*rohB 
N American 
Pacific 

Prooety Share 
5m«Ser Comoartes 
European Tara 


+13 860 
*03 109 


+13 273 
-00 156 
+1.0 0.14 
+51 139 
+80 1.76 


2353a +AA 121 




Far Easram Trusi 
me Growm 


772 822# +15 OOa 


touirt*iAw 

Si George hm Corooraton Si Covertly CVi 
190 


spowv smrvev 

9 17 nw y u ounl Ro. 1 

0*44 4661*4 


fineneal 

SmaaerCos A«c 
Oo Income 
Hffi income 


Secs 01 Amer Tit 2260 2*0 7a *35 007 


akj Asset Value 2334 3465# +22 3 13 

GAI Grown 383 400 *0iB 283 

Smaier Cos 1203 128 1a *03 256 

2nd SmMer COS 1560 1691 *20 237 

Recovery Trust 858 91* +20 205 

Mat Mm « Quay 790 850 -0 8 233 

Oseas Earrings 188* 20008 +23 298 

Technotaw Ts 90.0 959 *03 354 

mcome Ejonut 1775 1352a *03 5.67 

£*rn<* Sneuer Cos 2351 2492 *25 237 

USA Exempt That 3565 3770 +53 127 

ARBUTHNQT SECURITIES 
131 Fnsoury Pavement London EC2A 1AY 
01-626 9876 01-260 85*0/1/2/3 
Owtal Grow* Inc 61 7 655 +25 1 60 

Do Aeon 689 73.6 +20 1 60 

Eastern 8 mo 1306 '33 6 +2*094 


nai PanfMo me 

Do Acc 


IfflO 1354 
2327 2S0 2 
1487 1610 
877 720 
77 6 83.4 
625 672 
101.4 1123 
822 689# 
784 8*3 


•19 266 
+99 

+84 005 
*12 555 
♦15 4 71 
+13 299 
+ 2.1 

-02 126 
+18 02* 


0203 553231 

UK Groom Accwm >50 7 1603 
DC income 130 9 139 7 

Hnnei me ACCM" 2523 2883 
Do moomt 2010 2150 
G4&jFnM Aconn 1033 1087 
Do mcome 884 GOO 

NOi «mr Tel Acoan 1406 1*95 
F# East TU Accun wo* 1*93 
Eure Tat Aceum 1*7.7 151.8 
Genera) Trim 2373 2580 


+21 336 
+21 336 
*37 45* 
+30 454 
+08 263 
*07 263 
-05 023 
+1.4 030 
+4.7 134 
+22 271 


PO Boa 442. 37 Si May-et-H*. Lonoon 6C3P 3AJ 
01-623 9333 

High mcome 5*5 5&9e +0.7 629 

N Amer Trusr 1100 1160 -1.9 053 

Recovery 207 7 2210 *85 221 

Gn Trust Al I *26 +1 1 858 

S« Vnoeffl me 85.7 BB.4 *08 537 

a vmoem US Qh 825 B6.0 *03 0 70 

Temoa Bar Sm Co s 1754 186 0# +4 89 3 74 
Tamo# Bar usu 3622 391 2 +376 267 


HAHBR06 BANK UNTT TRUST MANAGERS 
Premar UT Admm. i Reyregn Ra Breneeooil 

□277 217916 


The Sraai Eurange London EC2P : 
01-588 2868 


General me (4) 
Do Accum m 
moome Fund ra 
Do Accum (3J 
me me {2i 

Do Accwn (21 


2174 2283# 
3*78 3650# 
1067 111.9 
1873 >983 
1273 mo 
1683 1750 
211 38 1205# 
212 12 1254# 


+85 25S 
*63 256 
♦27 *91 
+4.7 401 
+21 145 
+25 145 
*0.13 265 
*0.14 265 


F 6 CUNIT MANA G EME N T 

1. Laurence Pcumey tm. London EC*R OBA 

01-623 4680 

US 5malar Co e 787 82.1 +06 027 

Capital Fi»U 1076 119.1 +0.7 042 

Income Fund 81* 87.7 +13 446 

Far Eesam fimd 731 782 +21 032 

Ovarsaas Income 666 713# *05 351 

Faed nearest 581 622# -02 900 

Natural Res Fund 36 0 365# -03 4.70 

Etvnpaan man# 002 74.1 +0.1 338 


Hareoroe 5«#r Co ■ 1359 1445e +29 1.79 
Hamoros N A ram 713 755# +0.1 007 

Hamms Jap C f E u*0 121 3 +21 037 

Hamoros Scaadwi 77.5 82* *03 003 

Harms European 991 9*5 +09 007 

Hamms Crete 47.5 SO 5 -04 1 58 

Hampro* Eaudv Inc 67* sao# +1.4 *2* 

Hamoros « 615 ffi« +12 535 

Hamoros Has Asm 566 623 *03 265 

Hamoros HU te 500 i.0C 


Capital GTOwtfi Inc 
Do Aeon 


Eastern 6 md 1306 '33 5 
Do 8% Wimrawal TOO 74.8 
France 1 Property 632 675 
GA| & Food Income S0 1 527 
Do Acctm 880 883 


Etunv mcome 
Do Acasn 


Han You mcome 
Do Accum 
me mcome 
Do Accvn 
Do SA* vwdmA 
Managed Fird 


835 883 
793 8*6 
1853 (981 


+25 160 
+25 160 
+2* 064 
♦13 084 
+15 222 
♦21 746 
+35 746 
+25 437 
*86 *37 


CS FUND MANAGERS 


01-242 >146 
CS Japan Fimd 


790 8*4# +34 708 
2070 2213# +85 708 

705 754# *04 239 
723 773# *03 239 
65 5 700# +03 239 
589 621 +14 

302 322# -05 955 

975 1042# *05 9-65 


CANNON FUND MANAGM 
1. Cgmgc^Way. wmttey. HAS ONB 


00 Accum 97 J 1042# +05 965 

SreSMi Cos Accum 1425 1527 +22 156 

WOriQ Penny Shore 0O 105# 059 

PonkM 1* UK 003 832# +13 15* 
Porriota Til Japan 9*9 98 3# +06 060 
Ffcoftfio To US 71 7 743# -12 106 
Pontoko Tsi Europe 1021 106B# +23 OJM 
PortUko Tit HK 37 1 384# -05 0.10 


Far East 
Norm American 
rapr^ i 
European 
Jaoan 


2861 3065# +1.7 016 
3325 3334# -1.0 3 97 

1893 2010 *42 033 

1559 165 B *0.7 055 

474 504 ..ISO 
461 513 *03 100 

523 556 +20 050 


CAPEL (JAMES) MANAGEMENT 

PO Bos 651 6 Bee# Mams London ECS 7 JO 


PO Bos 651 6 
01-621 OOU 
Causal 
mcoma 

North American 


3626 388.1 +40 168 

2933 313.7 +26 453 

2950 3155 +1.0 005 


PS MVESTMENT MANAGERS 
190. West George SL Glasgow G2 
0*1-332 3i32 

Balanced Qh me *32 *60 

00 ACCUm 439 48.7 

Income Gm We *0.7 *33# 

Do Accun 427 454 

Servo* Co a We *6 5 *9.6 

Oo Accum 47 1 SO I 

FHIBJTY INTERNATIONAL 
flw Waft. Tonpruge. TWB IDY 
0732 362222 

American 105 4 U28 

Amer Emmy income 322 345 

Amer Special See 5r 6 5S2 

Far East Inc 31 7 33 8 

art a Freed mi 31 3 32 7# 
Growth & Income 1005 107 6# 
Jean Speooi 80s *1 0 *35 

Jaoan Trust 1205 129 0# 

Managed W Tit 133 7 1423 

Mui income Equity 816 978 
Proiessronal QB» 3M 366 
Soidh East AM Tat 261 278 
Soeeai See 1674 iso a 


+1.0 150 
+ 1.0 .. 
+04 500 
*0.4 

+1.1 1.00 
+ 1.1 


FLEMNG (ROBERT) 


BANJJEGrtFORD 
3. Glener*B St-E 
031-225 2561 (Dai 
Wd Ex (22) 
japan 61*31 
UK Ex (31) 

P taJ Pens md 
Ps# Pens UK 
BG America 
SG Energy 
BG moome Gnvm 
BG Jaoan 
BG Taehntdogy 


CATER ALLEN 

1 Kn WR#m flL EC*N 7AU 
01-623 8314 

on Truer i»7 HM 


6 Crosoy Sa lonoon EC3* SAN 
01-638 5658 

American Exempt £371 I J79I - 033 1J7 

japan Exemm £3770 3869 +608 1.02 

Am Propatty Tat 510789 0 • ..500 

Prooeny Treat 7703 2 0 -1 0 550 


+12 023 
+01 1 *8 
+35 502 
+5.7 Q00 
-25 053 


CENTRAL BOARD OF POUNCE OF 
CHURCH OF ENGLAND 
2 Foe SfieeL London EC2Y 5AO 
01-588 1815 

Inv Fund 416» +450 430 

Food rnt 147 0 -23 9.73 

OeDOfit 1000 950 


RtAMUNGTON W6T MANAGEMENT 
6 London Wal Bugs. London waa London 
EC2M SNG 


2 




01-628 5181 
Amer A Gen me 
Do Acoxn 


2446 2602 
250 0 2658 


BALTIC TRUST MANAGERS 
25/2 8 Atoermarte Street. London Wix 4AD 
01-491 0235 
American 51 6 . 552 +05 0.73 

AMBvkan 172 164 -13 307 

Jaoan A General 1017 1085 +21 017 

Hon mcome 46* 50.0 +07 711 

kwnaaonal Treat 765 820 c +0.8 103 


Amer Tixnamd fnc 216 6 230 *• *04 1 12 


2 Fore Street lonoon EC2Y 5AO 
Qi-568 1815 

mmroe 38059 • +70* 483 

Accum £100441 ->0148 

Oepose 100.0 975 


mcome Growin T» *9 8 533 *1 8 IBS 

G4tS & fixed Wt 205 220# -021073 

Gtotm Mamets 359 384 +03 1*4 

SoeoW Sriuaeone 420 450 +07 1 45 


BARCLAYS IPACORN 
Urxcnm House. 2SS. I 


CLERICAL MSRCAL UNrr TRUST 
MANAGERS 

Narro w Hen . Bnffol BS2 OJH 
0600 373393 

Amer Qowtn 24 I 2S.7 


ROMTOro Rd E7 


Eoixry Hmri income 433 46 1# 
Eu tak e n Growin 249 286 

General &wey _ 3*3 41 9 

G« A Food Wt C»l 304 32 1 

on A fixed me a -2 266 
index saeuwee 255 289 
Japan Growth 285 307 


Aufit Accum 
Do mcome 

Carniei 

Exempt Trow 
Extra Inoama 


863 917 *03 14 

1152 1225# -73 1.7 
01 8 870# -63. 1 7 

712 75.7 +13 29 

4409 4699 +89 35 

774 823 +12 51 


Do Accun 
Cental Tsi me 
Oo Accum 
Com A CM Me 
Oo Accun 
Extra me TW lac 
Do A ccun 
income Treat 
Do Accun 

rm Qowtn « me 

Do Accun 
Japan A Gen me 
Oo Accum 
Monmjr me fit 
Recovery 
Do Accun 

Eurooean me 
DO Accum 


224 6 2388# +34 1 12 
2135 227 4 *40 210 

25? 2 2735 +50 210 

890 953# *05 514 

1192 1268# +10 514 
1654 1T8B »i « 4 18 
1755 i860 +11 4 18 

1210 1289# +14 413 
1274 1354# -1 0 4 13 
’S3- 1800 *1 1 

1880 200 0 +13 

815 665 *1 6 QOS 

822 074 .13 goa 

8*8 903# +10 l” 
141 6 ISO 6 *0 4 1 73 


2* 


1534 1630 
5*2 576 
542 576 


*24 238 
+13 709 
*2-7 130 
+30 086 
*01 148 
+M 072 


+39 292 
+48 292 


Gat A fixed me 
Juan A Sen Inc 
Do ACC 
Growth Accun 
Income Treat 
iMua Treat 


2728 2902 *64 20S 

1*01 1495 +2.1 311 

555 684# +03 938 
151 * 161 0 +25 0.17 

153.1 1628 +27 (U7 

1834 195.1 +1 S 236 

3425 3844 +40 258 

813 864 -03 130 

1+57 1644 +23 2.17 

187 0 2095 +50 230 

1095 1165# +12 279 


COUNTY l/T MANAGERS LTD 
iei. OmepMe. Lonoon EC2V 6EU 
01-736 1999 

Capal Accun 2B55 303.7# 

Etmigy Treat 442 470 

Extra mcome 1838 1740 

finenoe* 1633 173.7c 

GB Snteor K I 575# 

GTOwm mreelment 282 1 3001c 

mcome A Growth 410 *36 


PRSQS PROVIDENT MANAGERS 
Pnjiam Eno Oottang. Surey 
0306 88S0&5 


Treateo find 1095 1155 
Unrv Teen Accun 51 6 5*5 
Do Mcome 51 1 5*3 

W W ttwde Trust MS. 1 15*3 
■B TW Mv Fund *tt 3335 3S4.7 
Oo me 21&i 2295 


1 A PaoAc 151 7 1613 


51 6 5*5# -03 020 

SI 1 5*3# -03 020 

145.1 1543c *02 1-05 


MO R e covery 
Smaier Cos 
GUM Inc TM 


111 8 iia9 
2100 223* 
552 567# 


+14 147 
-02 *44 
+0.1 5.18 
+13 154 
171 
*3 8 248 
*05 434 
+72 058 
*02 053 
+03 167 
+16 182 
-07 559 


FP Eoutfy Dot 
Oo Acasn 
FP Ftxeo H Dal 

Do Accun 
Stowaroshc Oat 
Do Acaxn 


2022 21*6 
3370 357 7 
1150 1211 
131 B 1402 
173.6 16*2 
1791 180.1 


GT UNIT MANAGERS 

BOi Roar. B. Devanwwe Sa London EC2M +YJ 
01-283 2575 DeWag 01-628 9*31 


SARma FUND MANAGERS 

PO Bax TS6. Bad re re na m. Ken BR3 1 

01-656 9002 


Aosnea 
Easmrn 
Eouriy Incoma 
Eurooa 
Grown a me 


japan Suvtse 
AVer Euope 
Fxw Japan 
Fvsl n Amer 
first Smaler Cos 


S70 609 
62 7 563 
572 614 
1116 118,9# 
6*1 689 
953 1015 
BS5 91* 
96 7 1055 
795 86.4 
S06 54.1# 
64 8 6*5 


-33 030 
-03 030 
+09 650 
+1 8 090 
*05 230 
+24 030 
*21 030 
+19 oao 
+22 030 
*02 150 
*05 27Q 


CROWN WOT TRUST SERVOS 
crown House. W*mg GU21 1XW 
0*662 5033 

Hon mcoma That 2*6 0 2661' +18 4 97 

Growth Treat 2260 2*1 7 +25 298 

tauten Treat 133.1 1*24# *05 0.70 


UK Cjo Fnd B1C 
DO Actum 
moome Fun 
Pensm Exawpe 
hoemaconai 
US A General 

Teoi A Grown 
Jaoan A General 
Far East A Gan 
Eurooean Fimd 
Germany find 


1006 107 8 
1434 1534 

.519 

1087 177 7 

1600 1712 

'5fl “* 

71 B 780 

216 7 2310 
*57 ima 
221t 2365 
604 6*8 


*1 8 220 
*26 220 
+ 1 7 600 
♦29 1 80 
♦T3 100 
*03 oao 
*05 100 
*3.7 020 
+1.7 OiOy 


CRUSADER UNIT TRUST MANAGERS LTD 
MOB. Surrey fW2 88L 
mb *3434 


GARTMORE FUND RUUMOERS 

2 Si Mary An. Lonoon EC3A I 


UK mcome 402 S23 -0* 4 47 

un Grown Accun +6* 628 +09 2 43 

DO Dot *9* 526 +O.S 243 

Bxopean OthWh 4 83 5 1* -06 1 63 

Pacmc Qowtn 48.7 5i5 *05 


□T-623 12i2 Deaeng 01-623 5766 Dealxig 01-823 
5606 


Am enQ n Trem 96 T 103 8W 

Atonafean Treat ISO 17 1 

fli+en Tat Accun BOO 6*3 

Do Dei 526 564 


+1 7 OOO 
-»* OK 
•2 1 217 
-10 2 17 


BA H RMOTON MANAGEMENT 
10. Fencfcxai St London ECS 
01-623 8000 


EFM UNIT TRUST MANAGERS 
4. mm Crescent Eanougn 
031-226 3492 


Canmoexy 9are £0.9 544# -08 168 

Eurooaan Tros 483 495 *07 038 

Extra mcome That *82 517 *19 518 

Far Eastern Treat 1205 1289 -05 OOO 

fixed le w Find 26 7 285 -a 1 955 

G* Treat 273 294# +02 650 

Grocol Pune Accum 161 I 171 4 +25 022 

Do Oat 1515 1833 *24 022 

□CM 9im Thai 105 112 -02 255 

H00g*0 American 32 7 350 +17 020 

High Income Trust 1«35 1M0 +20 500 

Hong Kong Trosi X2 MO -tU 105 

tncexnefijnd 765 823 +I3J.IS 

mcuance tganoK £*7 68 M ra# +058 157 
jaoan Trow >335 1 * 21 # +10000 

Ujnanro Ewnipi 2737 2S52 +44 780 

04 LEwrcy Trust 31 0 312 -06 1 50 

Speeal 9 k Tmci 966 1026 *08 0T6 

UK 5n*r CS Hoc Tsi 735 78.7 +14 1 39 


1279 136.1 +1.8 199 

Europow trie 811 872# *07 138 

DP Accum 102 * 1072# +0.8 136 

General Inc 1823 1723# +22 298 

Do Accum 2213 2345 *4 6 296 

GW YwlO me 117.0 >20.7# +12 RR 

Do Accun 187 5 1933 +18 8 82 

Kan TOM me 87 7 933# +16 550 

DO ACCUn T74 4 1 8S5 +2* SM 

Japan Income 23 1 H 2*40 +38 167 

Do Accun 2335 845.7 +35 1.67 

N Amencan tnc 60 7 539# +02 083 

DO Accum 589 625 +03 003 

Paoic nsma 1253 131 6 +1.9 023 

Dd Accun 141 1 148 1 +21 023 

Snor Cos Me BOB 880# +20 159 

Do Accun 45 7 1010# +23 159 

BRITANNIA UNIT TRUST 

^araeranl London EC2A 1JD 
0I5M 2777 £Jgjl*ig0i538 0478/9 MoneyGude 


0600010333 

Oro^th Gw 


Amuxan Fund 739 790 +05 213 

CaMN fimd 971 1038 +25 1 6* 

Growth A Inc fimd '330 1431 +25 419 

Hah Dot Fund 1095 117 4 +22 5.75 

mteniaaonai Fund ilHi 20Z3# '-JJ 

R-30UC8S Ftmd 1|3 195 -08 a5l 

Sn#r Jap Cos Rril 36 ' 386 +07 

To* VO Fund ISOO 18R5 +20 0 16 

iE«t Amer (21 1 SO 0 1545 *25 154 

(Exl Japan 13) 1022 1*55# JS 

lE>|PacAc(41 2500 2675 -06 OM 

15+1 s™»mr Jap (*l 2»3 2120 *18 010 

EurofcJW 25.4# -0-* 

EAGLE STAR U|«T TRUST MMiAGEM 
Bam Road Oattenmni. Gojcww GLS3 710 
0242 521311 

UK Balanced me 99 8 »« ^0 

DO Accun Toa 7S5« ■^ Q -J 

UKGWtfiAOMl 0*7 »3 

UK Hrti Inc me 661 705 510 

N Amman Aeewn 669 Ti 4# -00 OE 

Far Eastern Amxn 85.0 M7# +1-8 017 

European' Acaen 71 1 7SJ *12 099 


2053 2120 
»5 25.4# 


+0.7 024 

+35 000 
+2* 4.1S 


GOVETTUOWl} UN/T MANAGEMENT 
WmcnesMT me. 77 Lonoon waa. lemn EC2h 
IDA 


European' Acaen 


01-588 5820 
me Growth 
junenon Growth 
Aownean me . 

Euepean GnwOi 

Gold A loners# 


77 4 82 7# +08 167 
666 723# +03 082 
ms 753 +04 4.70 


19*0 2083 

33 6 361 


+04 4.70 
+20 028 
-1.8 235, 


933# 

+02 338 

1137# 

+12 239 

1063 

-30 127 

ISC 6 

-*3 337 

843# 

-OB 7*4 

74 8# 

+03 7.*4 

878# 

+04 886 

94 5# 

+07 08* 

168.1 

+19 539 

7655 

+3 2 5 38 

1889 

+13 356 

3062 

+23 358 

2749 

+50 010 

2883 

+52 010 

1216# 

*0.6 121 

1*5 Y# 

*0 7 193 

>16.4# 

-23 130 

>38.7# 

+23 120 

124 9 

+22 206 

132.0 

+24 706 

, 





JsTw: 


1'j 

*n J. 


■*11 215 
-oa i if 

+1.1 039 
-03 7 03 


fiBbtewy. May. 


j i&z-r 

5 

% n ; r- ' ^ 
finite. , 

Sis sss^r^ 



si as 

1* 

S S 

B fe: **■ 
sa 



m 


5*4 803 *05 041 






































I 


- - ^. . . 


** * * * * fiL 


f v 

L. i 




:'»> ** ■ 


f *Vtwfe 4 ; \..*o 

?* £v t.,- ?S s2 ’ ^ 

jr *«, j •'^'^55 

k *1 : ' ■ : '- ■?'.:* ■. 
»>:;•-• : • ^ 
fc •£?: ; »■ ,. ■*;:': ■ 1 

*-■ ■ = *£ : .1 :'- ■: : 4 'j. 


•S’-** 







THfc TIMES T UESDAY JULY 8 1986 


STOCK- EXCHANGE PRICES 


FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 




SJBFi s fifSE—UK 

rfailv nm oulrighi'oPsi 


Equities turn nervous^ 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began June 30. Dealings end on Friday. §Contango day next Monday. Settlement day July 21. 

§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 



1986 

Hyo Law Company 


Gran 

(tv YW 

fttt afga pro % P/E 


M^B* 8 ** ft. 
WS*" 1- R' 

» 33 smn a Autwn a 

wj Stood OlMlT m 

*18 613 Unon 70S 

71 V 43 V We* Fargo HH’, 

22? MMrtOt 310 


SBgsMssasa 


-1 7.1 5.7 92 


33a . . 1*0 *3 17 

87V -% 112 27 13.7 

a 2S Bfl 4j4 

767 -7 5005; 63 90 

70S .. 629 73 713 

ESS’, t-4 

310 7.7 25 151 




B ESSSE3?— E "' .*i ** -f 

IE 


eb ii^imi ■ ■ i 

HEZS23E2^B1I 
E l 
El 
El 

H lESgliag^M i 1 Z ESgSSB i 



-383 248 
840 £20 
62 33 

144 85 

606 379 
182 147 
660 405 
SIS 410 
970 640 
204 165 
3*3 183 
355 275 
504 405 
91 69 

179 158 
298 173 
114 77 
251 217 
248 131 
234 163 
41V W| 
540 3S3 
315 223 

318 228 
251 188 
S60 410 
315 195 


BREWERIES 


MMUkOM 340 

Bata 778 

Stfnven 62 

Boaomgtone T38 

Brown imtml SOB 

Bute 91 PI 160 

Burtonnood Brow 660 
Cterfc Btoahew) 510 

Doranoh (J A) 965 

GmiB vShrtey 189 

Gram King 2il 

Oute 335 

Hwta * HmOM 504 

HgnMd at* 79 


138 40 15l 5 
217 28136 
12 13132 
48 34 172 
20.0b 39 182 
70 44 129 
1S4 28162 

10.7 21 208 


kwertprdon 

MUD 


SA Breweries 
Scot Ate 
Saanm 
viux 

Manat A 1 
Do -B- 

Whktrad few 
WMmn(D 
Youig ‘K 


• -5 

1BJ 

10 

2X3 

•+1 

70 

40 

130 


12 

14 

1X0 

• +4 

103 

3.1 

1X7 

• .. 

2X0 

50 

130 


X9 

37 

160 


60 

40 

>04 

• !! 

6D 

2A 



12 

20 

150 


XI 

37 

117 


100 XI 112 

4 1.1 1J0 .. 

164 40 136 

11.1 37 137 
11.1 37138 
109 AS 302 
127 23 231 
104 38183 




BUILDINGS AND ROADS 


Atwoods 173 

BPB krtumes 548 
Bute Bra* 345 
Band Dove 142 

BeJortBoc) corwr 24 
Befcey 1B2 

Barter# co ncraaa 89 
Ban Bros 68 

Btoefoa» 820 


Please be s«re to take ac co a nfi 
of ny mbm signs 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daOy totals 
for the weekly dividend of £8.000 hi 
Saturday’s newspaper. 

mow 1 rue I m I mu I m l w Tw 


BRITISH FUNDS 


1966 

Hflh Loar Slock 


SHORTS (Under Five Yaws) 

9BV94VExch 2V% 

TQ2V100'.-Exch 14% 

103 85*: Croft «l4% 

100*. 93*. Tom CIO V% 

97*7 82'. Each «V% 

101 V 97VE«h 10V% 

96V KhRnl 64% 

101V SSSrYom 10% 

97V 90V Trees S% 

104*2 S7’»Tnm 12% 

9 9V 92V Tm> 7V% 

104V 96VEsch 10*1% 

KBV SA 1 * Tran C9V% 

94% 86*> Trans 3% 

182% 93V Tran 9V% 

107% 3S'rTraw 1T*>% 


msv asvnee* to'a 
104*1 S3 1 .' Each 10% 
111V 94'«EteA 10V% 
88*4 76*. Been 2V% 
86V 85 Tim 9% 
107'i 94 Exch 11% 
83V 84 'i Tim 9% 
106V 94V Bch 11% 
10S>4 92V Tran C8V% 

92 B2VTim 2% 
114V 109V 1Yan l» 
iiaviavj&di i2*i% 
89V 79V Iten 3% 
100V 89V 17888 B'Afc 1 
106V 92V Tim 10% 

FIVE TO FIFTEEN 


10SV - .. 
103TO -V 
102*7 W-V 
107V .. 

84V .. 

B5V .. 

105 V -V 

82 

106 WtXV 

IDlV .. 

90V ■■ 

111V# .. 
11CP» -V 
BT’i . 


YEARS 

no #-v 

93 

108V -V 
115V #-'■ 
104V -V 
109s -V 
114V -'a 
120V -V 
104V -V 
117V #-V 
B1V -V 
123V -V 
129V -V 
118V -V 
123 -V 
100*. -V 
115V #-'* 
7BV .. 
«MV#-V 
121V -V 
128V #-V 
99V -• 
137V -V 
125V -V 
64*. 

105V -V 
126V#-V 
108V -V 
97V -V 
137V -V 
8SV .. 
103V 
1«3V -V 
1WV ... 
1Q3V9?-. 
121V +V 
109V .. 

107V 
126 #-V 


BrsMoniCtOUd Mi 278 

BrOnaepna 78 

BRNnTjfetMi 25 
Bnrnnm 98 

Bryan 132 

Bwnefl 5 Ktei 12 
CskrtmOffete I** 

do f 88 

Ca m a n n oada im no 
Condor Grp 105 

Coetam 560 

CouferysW 4S3 

Craucti (DercfcJ 1S3 
Dow (George) 101 
Doj0m (T&t) 120 

&«r km 

Fob 91 

DO ‘K 71 


131 106 GU» 8 Dandr OW130 

378 254 GfewamOU) 375 +2 

113 85 HAT 10* 

248 SB Hate* Bar 243 -2 

79 42 HewdOivStuon 78 #-1 

2S2 148 Haywood Wtes 250 44 

620 428 Higgg 4 Ml SO 

190 V 126 fltBDci Jrtvaan T7B r -4 

430 265 Jte U) A Sons 420 

478 296 Lang (Jf 476 43 

472 286 Do ’A' 472 43 

122 7B Lawrance (Wafesr) 116 -1 

91 71 Utay (FJQ 79 41 

429 290 Low* (YJJ 42fi «+1 

196 126 Magnet 8 Souti 172 

306 178 Uanden 275 -8 

iffi 101 Many 124 V -2V 

193 161 Umlsn (Ktex) 1S3 

136 99 teAHasMl 112 

444 304 McAlpfeie ( Affisd) 442 -2 

272 17 1 Mayor fe* 258 # .. 

27 23 Uhr (Sustoy) 2B 

130 109 Mona (A) 129 -1 

444 306 Mortem (Join? 402 -4 

920 798 WIT# 870 

213 IS NoaheteBtiefc IBB • .. 

234 118 Poraaxmon 22* 

110 87 PtewTImOer 83 

395 285 Pocrtns 380 

672 480 BMC 668 

*82 340 Radbnd 457 -1 

323 ISO Rebrand 303 46 

191 133V Rortw Camara 1B8V -IV 

125 *7 SMpe A Rsbar 126 42 

84 70 SmttfJ) 83 # .. 

516 342 Tarmac 478 -2 

348 238V Taylor Mtaottom 3*5 #-3 

1« 140 Tl6ray GrocaJ 164 

433 32B Trava A Arnold 433 

101 78 Trent 79 

105 138 Trartl 181 

303 196 lAaoptart 303 46 

290 246 ward 290 

78 58 Wnrrfeiasxi (I| 70 • .. 

204 174 Watts Ha 183 • 

02 £7 Weaam Bros 80 

92 41 ytana 91 *8 

273 157 WfeootConndM 372 +2 

216 120 Mnpey (Garage) 204 -3 


4.7 &91U 
4A SA .. 
25 24 IS* 

24-30 43 104 
85 15125 
85 55 11.1 
85 85 142 
2 5b 20 227 
*3 45195 
25 27 124 
25 25 9.7 
54 97242 

65 7214.1 
25 20 362 
75 21 130 

5.4 52100 

. . . . 695 

24 21 127 
95 35164 

194 23 162 

7.1 4L0 124 

25.0# 60 MA 
100 21 135 

100 21 123 

52 44 95 

5.5 70 10L2 
102 24 150 

6.7 2917.8 

11.6 42 165 
5.4 45 229 
750 35 155 
548 45 .. 

175 45 142 

82 22 05 

14 54 .. 

83 72 174 
229 SJ 121 

15.7 15 174. 
9J 47 1*0 
75 35 125 
43 45 35 

S2 SSiSS 

185 35 144 
123 4.1 107 

9.1 64 187 
33 20 193 
65b 82 175 

134 25 201 
125 35 153. 
75 40121 

12 2 20 170 

15 20 95 
IDO 55 321 
134 4L4133 


15 20 340 
07 08 95 

29 1.1 *16 
54 25197 


104 9032 

54 7.754 
104 9001 
94 8937 

33 6785 
116 9002 
113 9034 
3.4 6770 

84 6719 
97 6970 


CHEMICALS. PLASTICS 


Camtag (W) 


Oo -A' 

Cray ( Horace) 
Croca 

DO DM 

ax A Grate 
Foaeco Ml naop 
Ktedmi 

Hckun 

HOBCW DM60 
top Cnant rnd 


Yarubra Cnam 


t**v 

+V 

400 

90 


205 


lb 

10 

210 

408 


100 

20 

167 

747 


XI 

25 

140 

146 


X* 

4A 

1X2 

XB2V 

-IV 

700 

60 


128 


103 

80 

190 

ISO 


XO 

40 

173 

77 

-a 



17.0 

120 

-2 

XI 

43 

201 

287 

• +14 

107 

37 

100 

13/ 


06 

40 

06 

130 


60 

XI 

02 

16 


00 

50 

XI 

156 


100 

X4 

1X2 

128 




133 

20 b 


XU 

43 

160 

26/ 


1X9 

40 

109 

16* 


64 

30 

127 

438 


21A 

40 

110 

04 

-2V 




364 

-18V 

47.1 

47 

ii.i 

396 

♦3 

110 

30 

1X4 

103 


5.4 

50 

140 



30 

1.7 

193 

TO 


16 

5.1 

ao 

138 

+2 

15 

XS 

173. 

224 

-6 




67 

+2 



619 

233 


11.1 

40 

2X2 

135 


43 

10 

120 


CINEMAS AND TV 


270 178 Angfa TV 'A' 270 • 135 5.1 14.1 

53 27 Ckamarar 52 .. 29 55 75 

240 176 HTvU/V 2» ■ - 116 . 52 10.0 

S J § 3$ 

“3 W « fi 13 57il3 


DRAPERY AND STORES 


OVER FIFTEEN YEARS 



107 -V 
10SV#-'» 

99*a .. 

132V -V 
107% -It 

11*v#-v 

105% -V 

108 -V 
133V #-'» 
11BV -- 
107*4 -V 

58 • .■ 

103*4 -*e 
104*4 -V 
10* 

112*4 -*# 
126V .. 

9 IV -V 

106*4 'V 
122 V»fV 
137 V * V 
92V -> 
67V -V 
89 V #-*• 
130*< 


A#jncuO*n "A* ’to 

SSSa^'-lS 


Brown (NJ TOO 

aaton ^ 

Carte** JA" 1* 

£ 

a 

a 


45 26 115 
35 81 ZL9 
35 45125 
33 20335 


UNDATED 

48V 38*. ConsrtS 4% 

42 34V War U* 3V% 

52V U’iConr 3^9 
34V 29** Traa* 3Th 

^ jsas-ss 

INDEX-UNKED 

122 1 06V Tran 6 2% 1996 
1m »v Traas 85 2 »oi 
l^v 93*f Traas 62 i% gg 
110'.- «V Traas 6» 2M6 
lOfiV 92V Tran 62V% TOCS 
,77,, QT Tm»w* B_g4% 201 I 

100V fl6*r Tran U5*J% 203* 


21 JWB 

2- 1 2771 

23 sne 

99 3432 

10 JSi 

25 JOT 

10 252 

60 6255 

30 6240 

30 3.196 

30 6179 


RANKS DISCOUNT HP 


*L*S 

260 230 
469 384 
590 «29 
46 32 
740 410 
438 386 
SS'i » 
32V 2*V 
42V 33V 

3 S u 
•JR 

148 
242 
66 
211 


E 

I 

g 

I 

rr 


<ufeg J[g> XL _ , u1 

SH4 

isrsu 


gsss*^ 

Maonm . 

M Siteua* 

Sea pr»ita^9*0J 
Sgi&tecn 
{SSiwrtT Berocri 

UO * 0S M 

Nat west 

Dcornan 

p rote* 
B»e*w 


9J3 18 « 
. . *09 


iai) a7 M2 
200 4.7 94 
265 55 7.6. 


438 218 
516 346 
B7V 73 
715 610 
220 134 
Z74 194 
134 99 
170 IDS 
133': 51 
1» 183 
*6* 310 
IBS 87 
84 54 

ISO 89 
232 172 
545 304 
14V 830 
1 IV 721 
307 1» 
33 25 

43 28 
162 102 

n 78 

36 24 

132 110V 
226 135 
830 710 
205 165 
231 163 
350 263 
228 179 
635 360 
214 112 
297 189 
353 305 

m a 

130 100 

JS 25 

370 220 
179 135 

44 31 
370 IgO 
150 72 
148 V 102 
X* 23* 

72 47 
90 » 
385 2fif 
24V 19 
43 27 

523 413 
75 40 
BOV 57V 
188 170 
199 158 
370 173 
340 Z35 

in 98 

MS 430 


axons Grp 
DuM 

as AGoKMafei 


Fhs AnDav 

Fort (Mrafen) 


Hate 01 London 
Horn 01 Lama 


LOP 

Ura Cooper 

uS&Kg 

Mte 6 Sp 


Mass B ros 
NSS H a mnnniT 
Next 


SS&'ESa* 

Reed (Austin) 

Do 'K 

S A U Suras 
Samuel |M| 

DO A' 

Sears 

Small (WH) A 
Do B 
surfer (AG) 
SK*Trtxaa 
Surragml 
Sunra CUM 
aipwauB a«s 
Temconarfne 
Tfcne PTOA438 
Tip replug 
imnwooes 
WW Grout 
WUDHt 

wgM» 

WAKMntl 


U 44 

iao 2 2 
7 3 49 
.14 24 
53 23 
11X7 49 

89 19 

2U 2.1 
2S9 24 
69 29 
23 79 
XI 74 
120 74 

59 69 
1.1 X3 

64 XI 

60 ID 

11.1 1.8 
10.7 5i2 

59 29 
&» 19 
29 12 
62 13 

65 26 
S9r 23 

129 21 
1.0 14 
53 44 
43 29 
79 29 
79 59 


89 1J7 
69 49 
49 39 
89 29 
1.7l» 30 
39 49 
119 33 


7.1 19 2X9 
. . . . 112 
29 191X3 

24 1.4 330 
119 13 105 
93 26121 
Ifia 29 .. 
2290 15149 


ELECTRICALS 


177 IS 215 
125 &0 139 
2S7 Mil-* 
259b 63 fi-A 

364 17 203 

S'ii is 

'H 3 US 


396 160 ABBaa 
1B1 120 Alpnsmric 
I?! 36 Aam*0 

U S3 APHSI compuun 

go 63 Alien 

300 205 AameCte 

SB u AutoFter 

220 140 AU» Sec 
370 Z« WJ 
138 64 BSA 

5S 379 Boratfwrpe 

280 196 BrTUWri 


-3 114 29 ay 

21 12179, 
j-2 09 03409 

05b 09 49 
•J • . • . ■ • 

39 15 79 
.. .. 189 

XT 1.1 tXfl 
.. 1X7 53169 

4 24 27 59 

.. 109 19199 

-16 107 54 119 


1966 

High Low Company Pjto 

112 75 {frown Bovan Ken 99 
19 11*1 adorn (AF1 'A' 14 

152 84 CASE 07 

738 568 CaW A Wbwn 712 
318 238 Gambnago Ooc 210 
243 183 CAP Gp 200 

57 37 Crtorafa 50 

225 149 Oo 7*A CPF 211 

3SZ 333 flwap 338 

336 250 Cray Elect 336 

2S6 MO CrystaJsHi 240 

79 63 DW Sect 07 

200 is Owaaerv 165 

52 29V Dertwst 'A' 45 

365 2S2 (Wap 360 

50 40 Doming A Mb 42 
212 182 Otter IB* 

*45 370 EMCt ro conatongte 335 
£5 48 D ear o w c Mmi ss 
82 42 B e cC raXC Ramtt 81 

337 237 Ernes Uglttng 307 

aeo 2SO Eincm 298 

S3 183 Famefi Baa 183 

156 100 Farraim 112 

53 25 Fawara Tech 45 

22E 158 G£C 206 

160 90 Groseraxir 140 

114 88 Htend Sect 93 
163 SB BL 58 

353 250 Ini Signal A Ccate2S5 
243 175 Jones Sfeouo 242 
290 85 Kods » 

233 Lee Hemgar atw i 263 

124 LOrfca 137 

270 u* Sea 370 


■4U10M Bea 
Moray Qeea 


Grass 

A YD 1966 

Pita Oi'ge praxa % P/E >*gb Lw Company 


Phbpa Fin S>^ n27 

PMpe Lamps N/V C13 1 ; 
PKcO 260 

DO 'A' Ud Vtfelng 180 
Pte 224 

DO ADR 25 £22 

Praam 150 

Cun Ammoon 27 


180 

Race] Beet 

196 

• 42 

159 

Ftorahea 

476 


445 

Schotes (GH) 

585 


74 

Snorrock 

M8 

. . 

31V Sound Dtftusfcn 

37V 

-V 

96 

SIC 

160 

-6 

144 

Stone M 

M5 

+1 

84 

■ 13V 

Sgam Dealgnere 

IM 

Cl Mi 

+‘i 

170 

Taiaohone Rantatt 

223 

-2 

50 

Tetoraem 

50 

_ . 

374 

Thom EMI 

474 

+3 


Thorpe fRW) 
Ttete 
IS 
Urwscfi 
uw Leesfetg 
Lhd ScaarA 
VG inatmani i 
Vote 

wasam S ateaon 
WMwonh Bea 
Wharasbe Rsktg 


45 49 95 
XI 07 519 
19 22 79 
110 19 164 

106 44 M4 
XI 1.1 . . 

.. .. 11.7 

21 99 165 
49 14 28.1 

X5 17 145 

64 69225 

ID 09 .. 
15 39 10.1 

25 0.7 243 

21 5J 184 

4.1 221X5 
85 25192 
ID 12 .. 

44 75 240 » 

89b 25 17.1 
69 22 IU 
XI 14 16.1 
2A XI 17.1 
0.7 15 1X3 

XI 30 129 
B2o 52 11.7 
39 34 114 
1.7 24 7.7 
ID 04 .. 

10.7 44 114 
TT.Ib 54 sai 
174 62 102 
14« X7 219 
1X4 42 115 
43 14 20J 

07 19112 

49a 95 329 
Xln 02 .. 
195 &2 145 
75 74 149 

1.1 49 *.7 

29 05 244 

15 62 129 
575 49 .. 

74 25 142 

75 42 99 
72 32 185 

XI 2.1 214 
.. .. 124 

45 25 174 

7.1 15 2X2 
814 54 1X2 

27 15Z74 
09 14 74 
.. .. 149 

65 45 B.1 
09 05 2X1 

109 45 175 
25 5.0 20 

259 55 17D 

XI 25 122 
29 09205 
74 25 214 
05 44 105 
13 24 5J- 
XI SS 114 
19 07 3X4 
124 49 89 
45 5.1 1X7 

22 29122 
69 18 1X0 


FINANCE AND LAND 


246 228 Abngworti 
18* I2S Aifkan Hume 
715 286 Amo ng— 
in 110 BemlBy Teen 
26 i8’> CamraAa 

283 194 Condover 
43 16 Gantra— 

27V 17 Eoufly & Gen 
135 155 hoy A Sam 
19* 163 Mriedra 
78 75 Nat Home Lam 
95 S3 DO 8% 

148 114 Naanortai 


238 -2 1.6 

138 -13 12 

800 t .. 275b 

in as 

219V 17.1 

280 -3 XT 

52 

20V .. 17 1 

1SS #.. u 

in -t-1 x»b 

76 .... 


HoancitJTTOata appear oa Page 20 

FOODS 


128 ASOA4IFT 142 

21 Afexne Drtlka 81 

315 Arpyf 32D 

238 AB Food 310 

97 assoc Ranariee 106 

534 Avana 544 

240 Barfs (Stoner C) 335 

ll'i Barter S Dooeon 
230 BrarlAffl 

145 Btaattt Foods 

98 Baneys 

145 Be^rn 

73 BfcjartnJ COM 

54 Bi Vcrrt rg (BVT1 

145 c£re Mirg 

in CWtrai# Domes 

142 Ob 'A' 

215 cum 

220 D*a 

151 Fdhar (Albert) 

261 Fhch Level 283 

211 One Giorar 21 1 

758 l l aib i iQ O t l Foods 818 

170 i a— 213 

181 Hled own Hugs 2B5 

75 Heme Finn 89 

499 kaond Fmran 514 

220 Kadi Sava 268 

85 Leas (John J) 98 

SO Love* (OO 100 

505 Low (VWi) 530 

124 Hama (Bernard} 256 

S3 Mera Trad* snip ios 

150 Mormon (W) TO8 

210 Mete JJHXVfrWJ 220 

80 Nramana 60 

258 NOm Fooos 284 

152 Nradti A Raacocfc 

177 part Food* 

157 RHM 

an RoranbM Mac 

3M SaenbuylJ) 

122 Sateen (Own 

154 SomportBfe 

520 Tete A Lyta 

an Taecb 

216 liragata 

21B U« Baculra 

136 wanon A Pnap 


100 42 2X5 

12 14 215 

15D 53 134 
X# 2.7 1X1 
1X6 1.7189 

4.4 XI 169 
XQ XI 174 

49 52 82 
BA 14 230 

7.4 29187 
24 ID 1X2 

50 SD 93 
174 14 1X7 

14 15 229. 

74 7.1 159 
14 04 214 
89 14149 
27 45 174 
114 19 146 

59 13 1X1 
SA 39159 
XO 16 1X1 
174 14 129 

79 20 226 
44 10 199 

321 U 124 

S 23 21.0 
49122 
139b XA 117 
XT 59 199 


HOTELS AND CATERERS 


433 328 Grand Mar 408 
286 208 Kennedy Bntel 233 
391 312 LadDrofee 3*8 

5*5 447 Loo Park Horn 539 
100 78*1 Moran Charlotte BSV 

105 67 PMW* 01 w Hoatu n 
79 56V Oram Moat « 

405 371 Savoy HoMk *A' 375 

Bi 56 Sana n 

206 146 Trusthousa Forte 161 


-3 1X5 131X7 

a .-. 21 09 129 

+3 161 49169 

.. 149 27 1X1 

.. 20 2A118 

21 24 15D 

-1 29 39 1X1 

5D 19 149 
14 29169 
+1 74 49189 


INDUSTRIALS 

A-D 


•I 52 
440 255 
83 37-: 

373 263 

n 43 

298 138 


AAH 

AGB fleaaarcb 


Amoerma 

Atedora 

Aronson 

Arraou 
AMI a Looey 

An% Eng 8 
Araara 
Avon Rubber 
Agmette 

BCT_Wd 


-4 10.1 

-3 99 

62 

-a ixa 

-2 50 

-4 112 

89 

I .. 12-1 

k+5 86 

.. D.8 

-1 03 


11 A 
-» M 
a .. 66 

29 

1-1 26 
-3 214 

+1 V 29 
40 141 

S 89 
109 


19 asrttex 35 

230 Benatanl (SAW) 231 

85 Brattterd* no 

100 Bemafe 128 

714 Bmiob«1 495 

310 Bearwood ©0 

28 B even (OF) 48 

245 BUM (J) 280 

140 bS3 ■ 168 

76 Bam Ml 123 

MV Birate OuMcaM U7V 

IOS am *— bi um 200 

149 Btart Arrow 150 

178 Beck (Perar) 243 

35 BI— I Hodge 53V 
189 But Arrow 378 

167 BodVCCW 325 

265 Booaar McConne* 378 

220 Boob 2*3 

8': BoUBon (WW) 19V 

258 Bowarar 315 

16y Bowaur Inc C1BV 

75 BrtttM# Grp 105 

323 Braanar 3Si 

62 Basaoy 09 

33V Braogmn 36 

35 aidgendGg u 

110 Mon 165 

139 antootFGram 200 

115 ara^AErig Agpin 

IBB BitSm 296 

97 a Svpwn 120 

186 »VS) 322 

296 Broken Ml 330 

a* BteBM Bj oee fete i*o 

15 Bran bb 27 

25 Brook* Teel 41 

154 Efraen 6 T«— 170 

19 Brown (Jortj) 29 

*8 BrwrtonefMrtJ 56 

200 Brfkurfi 288 

IS Stepan 346 

SO Ba ne A nd — TO 

56 Caraksd Em iffl 

n Caoaaan Paofc E7V 

25V Caparo M 54V 

SB Capa M 72 

253 Cudo Eng 405 

56 C ea tn gi 107 

25V Urtfil 35 

S Cent* 6 Shaar 7 

13 Cmavray M 20 

« CHM B6 

65V Oi m i iuhm i pn BS 

SB CtBdtMrfn A W 91 

193 Owner Con 256 

BIB O—mB 580 

265 CiHW Int 303 

S Onny Hin S3 

132 Otew (Ctemen) 234 


39 00 12A 
25.7 a 92 69 
1.9b 7D .. 
1X7 43 159 
36 A3 X2 
XO 24 1X1 
17.1 39 189 
.. I .. .. 

14 49 309 


Clayton Son 
Cohan (A! 
G*««Gp - 
Combed Tech 


-5 T74 XI 155 

-1 12 30 129 

-V XI 59 1M 

• .. 05 11307 

-3 7.1 45 105 

7A 39 165 
09 07 71.1 
•-7 11.1 39 121 

+2 49 35 125 

+14 109 11 137 

-12 

-3 1.6 1.1 309 

+V 07 293X1 

• .. 20 40 X* 

•-4 109 Ol 10.1 

*£ A5 77 11 jo 

+3 117 4.1 1X7 

39 152X4 

• 44 55165 

26* 25174 

•-•* 114 M7 ,. 

24 4A*50 

• .. 20a 40 90 

+20 170B 44 27 

• +5 43 40 100 

1.4 4.0121 
+i a . 140 
-3 .. .. 99 

• 3A 40100 

• 59 60 124 

• . . H HW.1 

• -S 16.4 64 116 

-6 207 30 120 

-2 70 28 204 

■ a . . 156 
66 26 547 
100 70 96 
1X4 11 756 
-2 7.1 14 155 


.112 71 
55 ze 
in 7* 
57D 356 

n 32 

111 63V 

425 331 
BI 40 
174 121 
221 156 
216 V 158 V 
40 32 
315 207 V 
305 208 
23V 18V 
SO 48 
225 1 78 
131 92 

10VB3B 
288 171 

260 in 

315 IBM 
. 1»'r T7V 

an 23i 

102V S3 

110 83 

118 ffi 
150 25 

97 Si 
H 72 


Cook (WmJ 
Coot— 

Copson (F) 

Coaak 

Counney Pope 
Cowan be Groat 
Croat >— i 
Crown Houea 
Cum— 3V% 
DSC 
DPCE 
Mgrty 
Den* 

DaOes 8 MM 'A' 
Danas & Maw — n 


DpOna 
Ddbeon Pert 
Dorn 

Donweoa M 

Dwek 


Gross 

dw YU ^ 
Price Qi gepancB % Pg 

110 56 XI 159 

58 ra+3 19 24 140 

188 +6 64 aa 122 

468 -3 11.1 66 199 

TO 41 20 410 

108 -1 46 40 167 


813 248 Eaewn Prod 
221 150 Edbra 
277 214 BS 

42V 29V Bbel 
153 102 : iwn 
2B>‘ 17V Bectroks (AE) V 
104 52 per (B) 

28V IS*. En—n 
381 282 En^WiC— Ctoy 
29V 19V (LM) -B- 

164 134 Eretone Houm ? 
177V 130V European Farr— 
1*0 112 Do 5V. Prl 
342 156 Evened 
133 111 Erode 
220 127 Expo—! M 


75 SO Rte tadmar 
628 408 Fro— 

87 35 Fcwfan 

124 84 ReratO CAW 

69 31V Fotrt 

123 100 Forany 
41V 27 V FdCes Group N/V 
in 1ST FothergW 5 I kn e) 
67 51 French [Thome*) 

131 m Gan 

365 250 GKN 
310 280 Gfl 
116 60 Gaiton Bng 


310 200 Gfl 
116 60 Genoa Eng 

147 100 G—tner 
150 111 GtoWB 
11 *4 756V Glaxo 
344 194 Oynrrod 
505 325 Goring Km 
238 107 Grampoo Mdgi 
312 206 Brer — 

10*. 8*. Grovobe* 

93 59 V Kaa« PraMtao 

232 IS* HM Eng 
•162 126 Hal (NQ 
2B5 ISO HatXe 
280 230 Hama 
39 25** Hampton tad 
48 2* Ite m 

1 191 141 Hanson 
190 1*5 Do 8% Cm 

116 BS Do SVk Pt 

124'* 118'* DO 10% 

190 U3 nagraa n aa 
225 175 Hams (Ph6p) 

623 481 KnrtM SfeMOMy 
150 92 Ha- 
va 81 Hey (Norman) 

221 140 Hepwraei Ceramic 
2Di n Hestak 
96 S5 KawMU 
142 122 HWxjMt & Job 
61 62 HofaBrot 
106 68 Hot Lloyd 

285 148 Kopk—raa 
120 91 HowOHl 
15V 11% Hudson Bay 
•310 23* Hraittag Aaoc 
115 n Human Group 
265 207V Huteheo vnarapoa 
>190 119 1141 

315 211 txxron 
■ 295 265 Jed a on e Bourn 
123V 96V Jerdto Uefri 
613 473 Johnso n Cleraiw 
216 133 Johraon MaBhey 
44V 22V Johnson 6 FB 
.330 235 Jonraarai 
1*0 65 Jones 6 Shipman 
132 67 Joradsn (Tbomu) 
29 21 KBbmaTTXl 
38 25 Kakm 
325 188 Kaiser M 
130 1CB Kennedy Sma*e 
29S 230 Kraanaw (A) 

178 123 Ueerv&Za 


22 LDH 
241 Lep 
216 LsM 
42 Lntex 
41 LaelArtair) 
21 LNcat 


57 5A140 
107 XI 10.4 
40 XI 96 
580 40 .. 

iia *a os 

86 65 70 

70 30 150 
10 Q0 4XB 
60 12 1X1 

290 XI 166 
36 16130 

.. 0 .. IOS 

107 30 121 
50 40 02 
50 46150 

17*’ 5D 20D 

’Job 17 Wll 
21A 70 21D 
7.1 40 3X2 


M limed 
S3 UOyd (F>5 
23V Liter FI) 

179 Lon Udrtl 
99 Do DkJ 
59’: till 5 I— 

199 Urn M 
134 Long— Md 
319 Low A Bam 
306 in. Hdge 
84 MS W 
32 MY Drat 
255 Macertiys Rte 
121 Mactanene 
*3 MraJaaan (PXW) 


62 —WiBrn 

86 Marina 
a uarthM (Lradeyl 
65 MarMte Unfr 

SeO Uarronefr 
525 Meal Bow 
128 ate Ckmmaa 
9 MMMrax 
Mens! Cone 
Mbrawa Somera 


NaS (J) 
Newman Ms 
New—n Torts 
Nooki 1 Lend 


76 + 2 

BS 

W3 +5 

72 
B20 

785 • .. 

143 -3 


7A 100 110 
XS 12170 
07 26109 
130 28150 
11.1b 28 72* 
07 061X3 
U UMA 
1X6 10 180 
15 20203 
S3 40 126 
I4-3B 80 110 
40 4A iai 
80 12 23A 

40 57 80 
23 27 103 

02 30 11D 

20 40170 
110 ID 22.1 
>7.1 30 11.1 
90 X7 21A 


-IV 

61 

90 65 


XS 

4A1X5 


110 

64 92 

-6 

tx» 

4 3163 

+V 

Ola 031X4 

-6 

110 

S3 64 


1.1 

30 5X1 

•+T 

100 

87 120 


1.0 

08 sai 

-2 

1A 

X7S70 


113 

40 115 


1X1 

XI 97 


150 8A 119 
90 202X2 


-86 U0 20190 


£££% S -s 

PntchanJ Sere 12SV • . . 

RHP i£ • 

fleM Metal 128 

Rank Org 512 

Rarsoma Skit 202 

FbocMta (a Bldge) 120 
nectae 6 Ccanan 82* +4 

Ftodtoam 3ass 216 «+1 

Reed ExacutM 3*0 

Reed Ir* CIO*. • .. 

FUdyon 173 +2 

Renoid TO • 

Reetcnra 92 

Reuters 510 -6 

Rraonore ® +8 

Rcaido Ena lg 

flfchenl (L— I «, • . 

Rtcnerd era i West 38 V 

Robertarai Ret IB 

Rob»Bon (Thomerf S« 


38 17 

274 214 
99 55 
BO 48 
528 373 
Ml 103 

195 120 
■170 94 
164 127 
154 117 
>64 99 

52 29 

13B TO 
153 103 
990 TO 
S3V 32 
303 160 
149 B3V 
500 308 
32V 26*i 
131 94 
41 30 

326 229 
225 163 
19* 128 
153 71 
119 99 
03 43 

610 3*5 
500 354 
-116 96 
S3 120 
98 75 
210 1SS 
224 IBS 
248 150 
26* 90 
43 12 

221 160 
667 349 

196 US 
250 110 
535 360 

70 33 

e** s*. 

BS 6* 
IB 123 
110 91 
228 89 
333 203 
349 289 
2*3 200 
195 124 
22 8V 
90 68 


SI 

SMB TUney 
Smtus 
Saves Gordon (J) 
Scape 

5eoa Graaonam 
Sen H M te a 
Sooa & flooanm 
Sacuncor 
Ob -A' 

Secraey Serv 

Senior Eng 

SMte 


Snort Ena 
sotterae 
Skatrfte 
SKF ■S' 

Snunx tew 

Sman wraemh 
SmKht M 

SpaMU*) 

Spext-Sarco 
Staffs PoOMiea 
Stag Faran 
Stw Camp 
Stevrtey 
Stem 
Santa Bd 


3BV +'» 
288 

76 • . 

BO -I 

SCO «~3 

139 
170 
156 
127 
117 

107 

48V + V 

124 *4 

130 41-3 
922 -a 

47 

265 -8 

119 *+1 

461 • 

£32*. +'. 

72? C 
*0 
901 

195 +10 

19* 

140 +5 

108 

a #0 

000 9 . 

483 -3 

116 • 


Stare** 

Staten 6 Put 
Sunken Sen 
Sutor 

Sum PsSfie 'A' 

Sycamore 

Sprite 

TNT 

7SL ThonrtN 
Tara 

TMada Cham 
Tt4bn 
TMaa 
T«r Mdge 
TMWi 
TMmtoo T4toa 
Tomlm (FH| 
Trafalgar Howe 


33 23203 
0 A 10 270 
A9 232X4 
80 4AM0 
70 30140 
5.70 4.1 80 
70 70 1X6 
.. ..370 

260 40 110 
1X6 18 147 
30 14 27A 
17.1 X6 SA 
XS 100 X* 
.. 6 .. 08 
120 50 IX* 


1966 

rtgh Low Cranpany 


189 +1 60 40 VLB 

2*1 Ol M 12 - 7 

sisi'i an 23 .. 

SB 07a 10 

2» -6 20 

280 -2 170 07 102 

u- ■ 30 47 :: 

S •« « 50 100 

£1DV m . 47.1 401X7 

220 46 93 40 1OB 

258 • tIA *A 130 

270 IDA 10 110 

17V .. 00 3AJ9A 

231 -7 70 X2»40 

101 6-1 7A 70140 

105 7.1 06 110 

107 6-1 70 7 A 6.1 

116 -6 

90 +2 

78 +1 


57 60210 
S3 70 1X6 


140 04 67 
107 5A XI 
90 4.1 129 
20 50 180 
60 4.1 167 

40 40200 

139 06 .. 
f Alb 40 130 
BD 04 .. 
000 OA 112 
60 40 103 

7.1 53 . . 
SO 10 MO 
40 30 MO 
90b XI 1X8 

140 18 170 

03 10 .. 

XI &2 90 
7.1 02 21 A 
50 8017A 

70 1327.7 
ID 10 .. 
50 XS 70 
00 1.1 6.5 

XI 50 13D 
20 52 80 

120 60 140 
XI 80 ■ ■ 
BA 7.8110 

17.1 40 1X1 

10D 30 64 

50 40 AA 
XI 101X9 
4.7 301X2 
1X7 10 270 
120 3017.1 
150 30 1X1 
XT XS 150 
mi is 129 

0.7 72 53 

20 3.1 170 
120 57 B0 
6.4 40 120 

1X9 50 150 
2A 00307 
1.7b 40 114 


143 78 
311 75 

281 as 

126 75 

17V 13'. 
TOV 56*. 
288 212 
540 233 
130 IBB 
195 120 
204V 134 V 
199 116 
165 128 
225 1S6 
Mi 69 
190 181 
375 239 
154 60 
231 180 
42V MV 
110 56 
118 78 

295 210 
12* 82 
20 177 
188 137 
740 385 
160 120 
588 426 
84 36 

44 26 

93 43V 

89 72 

830 503 
178 135 


236 182 
26*. 22 
28'a 23 
355 223 
917 802 
336 228 
301 235 
*31 213 
954 701 
954 720 
706 315 
349 267 
28B 231 
224 179 
*20 281 
BSV 20 V 
2BS 220 


Trip— 

newANewaa 

UtoO 


tfcar AodtaCi 


Whllecrott 
MMsc (Jareea) 


Wood (Artol 
wood ram 
Woortmuta & Rbt 
Wynton Eng 
Yarrow 
Yon* fH) 


Puce OKflapanca % P/E 

143 20b 20 210 

254 107 42 U 

245 7.1 80 IIA 

110 +2 10 10 2*0 

D7*i .. 552 XI 1X2 

ET9V 

276 70 201X4 

478 .. 189 30 110 

IE3 -f OB 04 tU 

127 -10 40b 30 22D 

COO -6 .. .... 

195 +1 .. .. 6X4 

143 4A XI 140 

223 +10 11.1 50 170 

139 .1 15 1.4 206 

193 XI X8 270 

315 M-1 140 40 UJ 


40 

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-a is 
70 

9 .. 1X0 

-1 90 

17.1 
-3 18 

i .. lOOb 
A6 

-3 1A* 

10 

.. 20b 

.. 200 
47 


INSURANCE 


Con Unon 
Equiy A Law 
FA! 

Gan Acddent 

BRE 

Haa9i C E 

I Irrrwi fTr.li lino 

rxxjD TOoanson 

LBcrt A On 

London 6 Mm 
Loo UM knr 
Merab 8 McLrai 
HnM 


15V 12 Paari 
042 719 PrudertU 
450 381 Rata* 




420 328 SedgwKfc Gp 
424 3*6 StewMtWi'con 
445 400 Strage HOgt 
772 520 Bim te a 
927 772 Son U* 

550 t20 TradB mueesnky 
474 30* tee Faber 


887 +3 

319 

288 +3 

273 -20 

85B +5 

912 +6 

5*4 -a 

283 +1 

230 »*» 

>12 1+4 

405 

E*1'a • . . 
2*4 -1 

343 «-5 ' 

E15V +V 

89* 

446 +2 

880 

346 +5 

414 

427 

714 •+> 

80* +10 

196 
410 


IB XI .. 
100 30 
890 12 .. 

80 X4240 
420 40 .. 

160 60 .. 
OB 13 .. 


ITmmappmvoaPagttt 


| LEISURE 

144 95 Barr 6 WA ‘A’ 140 

220 128 Booaey A Hawk aa 160 

171 98 Bran fate l® 

go 34 Campan 48 

225 158 ChryaMb ISO 

393 326 Firm Lsfcrae 3B3 

82V 48 GRA SB 

Bi 65 HanbwgM Brooke 65 

129 83 horaon Trwaal 118 

131 94 W tern 121 

103 32 Jrftet HUgt 43 

180 137 Lea M 189 

173 535 UndOMMM 150 

391 278 PlaaiOTnra 305 

393 326 Ratty Utah* 391 

54 43 HtoylMte 52 

228 l® Sage Hofctm 16S 

360 245- SteMSOn Go 245 • 

72 51 Trtteea) Hoaapur 71 

183 12BV Zattara 170 


1X0 7.1 110 
.. .. 2*0 
70 XI 120 
1.4 30 12D 

80 40 120 
80 22 202 
.. .. 490 

.. .. 425 

60 50 XS 
7.1b 50 90 
40 1001X8 

70 50100 
107 30 1X6 
1X1 4.1 16.1 

.. ..2X7 

60 4014.1 
3A 1.4 140* 
&7a 00 129 
XI 08 140 


MINING 


nv 5 

10**838 
S7V 34 
58 33 

40 23 

41 23 
198 120 
425 250 
180 82 
21V 11V 

358 238 
88 43 

534 419 
531 314 
200 IB 
BV 4V 
13S 7V 
7 V SV 
255 150 
5»* 258 
205 129 
195 65 

390 220 
4V 2V 

9 4V 
213 93 

75 2D 
SV 4V 

10 8 
10V a 

478 313 
83 35 

102 70 
375 178 
158 81 
BV 4V 
350 188 
81 47V 
12V SV 
BV H 
160 85 

13V 8V 
410 170 
157 82 
38 15 
T23 63 

23 14V 

26 6 
9 5V 
655 520 
5V 2V 
142 75 
44 25V 

280 205 
22V 11 
128 90 

2B9 207 
25 11 

445 200 
60 IS 
296 225 
791 511 
TV 4'e 
10V 8V 
IBB 70 
31 14V 

556 300 
130 80 

138 75 
589 3 00 
SOV 33V 
5*4 £38 
1® 55 

90 45 

17 10V 

5*5 288 
310 128 
29V 15V 
186 110 
2® 123 
140 82 

■ 17V 7V 

66 25 
16V If 
68 33 


Ang Anar CM 
Ang Am 


Bute 

CRA 

On Boyd 
Gone GaUtakk 
De Ben 


— *0 e e 

-3 549 

-V 448 
Z71 

» .. M2 
I .. 142 

.. 470 

■ +2 790 

.. 3X0 

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COMPUTER 

APPOINTMENTS 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 8 1986 


Edited by Matthew May 


COMPUTER HORIZONS/1 


PR Expert, Journalist or 
Copy- Writer 


The $10 billion challenge to IBM 


wanted, with experience . in 
. Electronics/Micro- - w 
electronics 


We offer an interesting position in South Germany, precondition: 
you are an English native speaker with the necessary knowledge of 
the German language. 


Your responsibilities will be: press work, publicity and documen- 
tation in your position as a contact person to one of our clients. 


You will be a member of our publicity agency, of a young team, 
situated in Constance, on Lake Constance, on the Swiss border. 


For more information you may call us (except during our company 
holidays: July 14 to 25). Please forward your detailed application 
including description of your qualifications and claimed salary to: 

Team Moderns We^bung GMBH 
Att: Mr Herbert Hang 
Hohenhauagasfie 16 

P.O. Box 77 67 

D-7750 Constance/W -Germany 
Phone 07531/2 20 81 
Telex 7 33 383 tmw d - 


By Geof Wheelwright 
The second biggest computer 
company in the world, formed 
by the recent merger of Sperry 
and Burroughs, is now five 
weeks old. Its proud parents 
were in London last week to 
reveal what they hope the new 
company will be when it grows 
up. 

Burroughs chairman Mi- 
chael BJumenthal and Sperry 
president Joseph Kroger, both 
on its board, said they did not 
know what the merged prod- 
uct of the two $5 billion 
companies would be called, 
but they were confident it 
would continue to support its 
users and make money for its 
shareholders. 

They also acknowledged the 
difficulties facing the new 
venture and talked about how 
they would cut out much of 
the “duplication" in the mar- 
keting and manufacturing 



would be maintained . “m 
perpetuity”. Mr Blumenthal 
and Mr Kroger said they have 
spent a good deal of time 
during ihe last few weeks 
meeting representatives of 
user groups to reassure them 
that their line of mini and 
mainframe computers will 
continue to be fully supported. 

Mr Kroger said they would 
also be looking to co-ordinate 
the activities of the new 


company by “rationalizing 
some of its operations world- 
wide. 

He addedr “We will look at 
each country individually and 
do what is necessary and 
suitable in each country He 
also denied suggestions that 
either one of the old compa- 
nies would have undue influ- 
ence over the operation of the 
new combined enterprise. 

“We are going to operate on 
a partnership basis." 


Michael Blumenthal, chair- 
man of Bnrrougbs 


stuctures of the two compa- 
nies. “We are doing something 
which has never been done 
before," said Mr BlumenthaL 
They both emphasized, how- 
ever, that existing computer 
“architectures" and products 
from Sperry and Burroughs 



industries, while Burroughs is 
best at serving the financial 
and banking communities. 

Mr Blumenthal said: “Our 
high degree of specialization 
allows the companies to be.: 
complementary." 

He added, however, that the 
operations of the two- compa- 
nies suggest that they, wiuifil 
quite weft together. 

Pan of that culture is in 
securing big government con- 
~ tracts. The two companies last 


Joseph Kroger, president of 
Sperry: New job 


year together took about $4 
billion id government -pqth- 


Tbe new company's senior 
executives also discounted 


suggestions that the Sperry 
equipment and Burroughs 
machines would compete 
against one another. They said 
that Sperry’s strengths are in 
serving the energy and airline 


tracts.. - :. .. 

_:But whatever the new com- 
panyts called, it isnotthenffw 
name that- is going UMpye. 
them the most trouble.'. It is a" 
very old name — IBM — which 
they will be seeking 'to.. push 
from the number-one position 
in the world for the maiiufacr 
ture jof computers. 




For the moment stick with old trusty 


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SPACE HOUSE 8 - 10 WEST MILLS, NEWBURY, BERKS RG14 5HJ 


0635 361 1 1 


BUSINESS/COMPUTER 
GRADUATES FOR MIS 


London/Manchester 


c£9,000 


Here aft Colgate-Palmolive, we like to think wears 
sensitive to graduates needs. Fora Company of 
our size that's a bold statement 
Take our Computer Division for instance. After 
graduating in 1986 you will have the opportunity 
of joining our Management Information Services 
either in London or Manchester. 


Well invest time in you so you'll invest time in us. 
An intensive training period of about one year 
geared specifically to your needs and aptitudes 
will give you full exposure to the three arms of 
our MIS Department You can expect to be 
involved in the following areas. ’ 

• The Oper a tions Dep artmen t which is 
responsible fpr the smooth running of the 
Computer. 

• The Development Centre which will involve you 
in major systems development and 
maintenance plus working on totally new 
systems. 

• The Information Centre supporting end user 
computer sendees. This is an internal 
consultancy encouraging computer literacy and 
promoting the use of Information Technology 
throughout all areas of the Company. 


Whilst training you will be expected to make a 
significant contribution to each particular 
Department, following which you will be 
appointed to a permanent position either in the 
Development Centre or Information Centre. 

For these challenging and fulfilling positions you 
will need a degree, preferably but n ot necessarily, 
in business studies or computer science, a high 
level of initiative and verbal/interpersonal skills 
plus a genuine interest in, and an appreciation of, 
the role of computers in business. 

The salary offered s c£9D00 plus all the benefits 
normally associated with a large successful 
company. 

To apply please write or telephone for an 
application form to: 


Melanie Higgs. 

Personnel Officer, 
Colgate-Palmolive Limited, 
76 Oxford Street, 

London W1A 1EN. 

Tel: 01-5806570 
(24 hour answerphone). 




Work towards the future with 
COLGATE-PALMOLIVE 


■ Which way should I go? I 
had nearly derided to swap my 
IBM compatible personal 
computer for a shiny equiva- 
lent to the AT model from 
IBM. However. I am now 
wondering whether to add bits 
to my existing machine. 

The IBM PC AT and its 
, equivalents are an attractive 
.proposition. The 80286 chip 
which drives these products 
does go faster. You are clearly 
involved in needing a capa- 
cious disc store and if you do 
not change machines you 
could add a filing disc of about 
10 megabytes in size by using 
one your “slots" at the back of 
the basic machine. If you still 
have spare slots you could also 
add a card that plugs in an 
80286 with its own memory. 

While it is always pleasant 
to use a well engineered and 
more powerful product, it is 
true that most applications 
being used on the 80286 (ail to 
exploit its design. At first 
glance I would stick to old 
trusty for a while. 

The use of telephone lines 
to send and receive data seems 
to be very slow. It is, however, 
much faster when using pri- 
vate lines as many big firms 
do. Will the individual ever be 
able to nse high speeds from 
home? 


WORKSHOP 


In this weef& Workshop 
HEDLEY VOYSEY looks at 
sending high-speed data from 
home , whether to increase the 
power of a micro or buy a new 
one and other issues. Jf you 
have a question about business 
or personal computing write to 
Workshop. Computer Hori- 
zons , The Times, 1 

Pennington St, London El 


computer should help. Where 
do I go? 


There is quite a network of 
people using small computers 
for the work you are doing 
manually. The key thing is to 
use a good accounting package 
and to make sure of not being 
vulnerable to loss of data. 


The local political organiza- 
tions as well as other volun- 
tary service organizations can 
‘be helpfuL To keep costs down 
you might find it best to fix on 
the software first and then buy 
a second-hand machine from 
some reliable source. 


If you could find some user 
with experience who was 
available to give good advice 
during the setting up period it 


would be pleasant to use 
equipment that matched their 
experience. 

■ Prodded by the younger 
members of the family we are 
about to enter 16-bit comput- 
ing and all that The 8-bit stuff 
Started about six years ago and 
the investment, including soft- 
ware, has totalled about 
£2300. The new kit is just 
.about as cheap as the old 
hardware was. But it looks as 
if die software costs may 
double. Is this typical? 

Trendy business packages — 
the superspreadsheet style and 
some database software — 
have tended to surge in rela- 
tive cost when placed against 
the computer they run on. 

On the other hand, there are 
firms such as Borland Interna- 
tional which have brought 
“posh" programming lan- 
guages down to the mass 
market I think that some 
database software is drifting, 
towards higher volume sales 
and lower outlays per user. 

Most decent word proces- 
sors are still priced at absurd 
levels which reveals that many 
people who can write cannot 
drive a mean-minded bargain. 
You will probably find that 
your tastes have moved up 


market, in that you may JE* 
less willing to put up with 
scruffy links between files and 
you may -have notions of nsrpg 
graphics more widely in your 
lives. ••••••••’ * ••••• o'- 

Be thankful that your fimuly 
has not been bitten by thbTxtg 
that accumulates electronic, 
music makers. - ' :: . =:. • 


■ I. have- heard tfaat .it-- 
possible to arrange . for . 


local telephone exchanged) 
service organizationsasif they, 
operated - a private branch 
exchange. Is tiustrae? 


It will become true. Thelink 
firm to make you an-offeron 
this kind 6f service’ is likely to . 
be Mercury.* But the develop- 
ment of System X exchanges 
has how reached the “Staged 
where “renting a slice" of such 
an exchange, instead ofinstalt - 
ing a private branch switch, 
will soon be feasible., liis 
worth keeping in: touch with 
your local British Telecom . 
plans for the installation of 
System X switches. 


There are plenty of other 
reasons for welcoming System 
X out of the chrysalis stage, 
but many of these .refer: 10 
improved digital access via 
computers: ' • 


It is partly a question of cost 
The modems, which translate 
the data and adapt it to 
telephone signalling practice, 
are cheapest at low speeds. It 
is also true that by working at 
slower speeds of data trans- 
mission and reception the user 
will probably find the whole 
process .fairly reliable. Many 
experienced users of ordinary 
dialled lines for data transmis- 
sion prefer the lower speeds 
because they seem robustly 
resistant to data garbling. 

However, working at 1,200 
bits a second is common, and 
British Telecom now offers a 
modem which will work on 
dial-up connections at 9,600 
bits a second. This is more 
than 150 words a second and if 
it proves to be fuss free in use 
it may well prove to be the 
way to remove your irritation. 
The speed can be used simul- 
taneously for both transmis- 
sions and reception. 

■ I have accumulated volun- 
tary work for more than 20 
organizations. The growing 
pile of paper tells me that a 



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: Oto at fa tareest and nog suoassfto 
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tor cervices companies nM nfor forests 
ad the eitojy to Ms totting cocoes. Ottos 
pats of toe mxvL 


n me rapidly cvtttiiQ KU spams develop- 

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fao be entousasfc and ban to progress aitran a fast momg enwonment 
Gereitot On to fa best opporturfos currently avaiabie where owrtoi taontataa car be ticreased in 
terms oi hreteara. software end harness warwwss. Very dem a admg but Batata attnospbaa offering 
career apportoMas Afltitod pwety to totofr. Eeeelent sabriss owpletf mto superb Darangopfa e cam 

IlffllMK totore, 

REF T8 1737 


c 


By Robert Cooke 




car be tocnaad in 


wto be an advantage. Tbe weti-Toomed vpearance and oDoMent Md comnwefaiM nonoer tofa 

p ro ft waonal conamnt is essatoaL Any atohtos expenenee aB lie adwotageous. boaawr candttas 
anshog to move ttxttw fo arfosa are asked to actor- _ „ 

Ca e ent Jon tne lealato Tins s a magreTcent neporwy n stoto a caeer fo coneutta nq> or trojed 
uunagemem <MMi a an snort Bmtsri resuton n aunh saday Inoaasa and fa mwrtonAy ot 
waktog anrfore m Brtata. Einpa and fa ISA. _ _ ^ 

Off TO 1S08 


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PRE SALES CONSULTANTS 
ANY HARDWARE 


C LONDON 


TO £2Qk 
1J CAVAUHt 


Ceanpaaqr fad eetabtofo and Ngfa respecW rnarfocawer aieoiaising ia he sale ol 32 txt mhas in 
toe manaal and eor a rna Oa l mareeiptace. 


SALES 


o 


Minute by minute, day by day, 
the small computer carefully 
tracks all the ons and offs and 
the ups and downs of electric 
gadgets in the boose. 

Like Big Brother peering 
over one's shoulder, the device 
lets the local electric company 
know how often the hair dryer 
is used, bow long the refrigera- 
tor runs and what the dish- 
washer is doing while you're 


watching television. 
Attached to the 


FaafaH CanWnto toproridB pre-satos support. d omons M i u n a . fasantadons and tactical adricett 
a mde font Ian in me City. 


ExpfoMK Aged in yiw rred 2Ds/tiariy 30s. cnfiifos «M hare had to least 5 yen experience In a 
pre/ppst sfas role or n support Appicanto nfl be nottang tor a mamdaqinr. sotwaie txxm or end 
net and fare a sand mW/mwitiime backgramd. Arqr spedatted product knoaihdge to! be of unrest 
(■to An acfom oppoAmy to gmi vahfoa wmensnee ton a tearSng nwfacturer. Heal oooexturt- 
ta tor cawprogresdon are avafole mtosi a good wortang smironHiam. A compaqr car is put to fa 
tast-efas ps tL igs. 

REF TX 1700 


32 BIT SUPERMNIS 
VeiTlCAL MARKETS 


BBWS 

BASE 


SUUMM + DTE 
BASE TO £20.000 

BMW 


ANALYST/PROGRAMMQIS 
OVBtSEAS TRAVH. 


SURREY 


TO. £16k 
+ BENEFITS 


rwaar Ifa young and succn s s M fo ma ional organisation based in Srerey [no fa oulikats to 
LoodMlB * fa toftoroto to its marM and tm aettowd outstandlag success by erasing exceptional 
demand tor «s flefos s y stem s mag sun to fa ait nebnotogy. 


riiimar To maet further planned e xpa nswn. ooporturitBs- no* axht for PROGRAMMERS or 
AfMLVST/PROGFUMMERS to JSi a stnxig isam Swufreri m fa anaiyss to buskren reqwwnerto. fa 
design of system and prog rams from w aWc to w n torougb to system nvferaeniatian. 


Csrejmj. Rscognised as a leader in both UK and fomattooal mariats, this major rrantoatoxer airanity 

tel requbamsnts tor adfaonal hkfc afera Sate Executes. 

Mte Based in fa Beriotm »ea. fa suceessW anfos be mfoed to sal fa company^ 

tjmx Bared goduct range atto Sderttfic and Ctwamroant .markets. , 

ri r ari— eg too «R tore a rmun to too rears s ucc wtoto stoss aspenantt toth a sound tedatad 
bacfootwL to adfaon a tawfodga to fa adore nrartamiacas and a crefate manao aaade would 
nafcnlr be miraa iiwmi 

Gmretejhis ^ a geraa™ ooportniv to stoi atomead kctoioiogr stob ■ art tespedad and presdgious 
orgartsati on. The attache teSte package ioctadn atom av era g e on tog* e a nfaff- ktxuy car and 
company pension scheme. „.. r TT1U „ 

... REF TBV 1616 


N 


Experience For ttesa axdting wances. a oMram of 2 ms csbto p uya n y ra ng on a to ga 
c uuine rcaliiialnfnB»isesSBnilaL En iiB«nc8hitoleast3tofatofam>igare«aiotodb*adwttegBOBs:. 
. BM turning under DOS/VSE or MVS tott CXS/OLl and VSAM. 

IBM System a 

KL mating ixtder VISE ito ft DMS .. . 

insurance or fife assurance appftafas or flnaresl expenance. 

On-Line s wims and DATABASES 
Softmt House 

Good edocabwaf ouaMctonns. preteabiy a degree 
One or mn European languages. 

Gwent The company totes a Kara araar pah and te fa ri ^ nofo ai p fa p r^eaof^lcagng 
prefects, tom foreign base! lor those wifi Eaopean languages (especially French}. BROADEN YOUR 
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R B= TM 1720 


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TIMES TOP 1000 


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BASE TO £14JI00 
CAR OF CHOICE 


Cnwpeaf Ote to fa leafing dates in the UK. toft a wattarida turnover to E2SQ mHun. b curendy 
wdaraong a mayir eqranson programme. To help sustain (far record to success, wretched vftftn the 

ntgiy today, a nmbsr to wcanaes aw non awtebta. 

ttofno- Based a fa company's new prepare bos total in Wsst London, fa bnto wl be to stoi fa 
abwe burewts soiuoans into corpame wmt ffi in Umdon red the Home Combes. 

Earetam; %aaaMy tor fare pasUM. yoo wto need to remonsbaer e ssaid badfoiBd in stouten 
32L 55 “tadfah mitoedge to to mcro mretetplace. Fwtotarty wttt tegs BM rartmne tees re to 
pvtcuar rarest 

font Tlxs company Hmdy b efieres that s ton stated bo uxi a i wau at a Mtt success red ari s e re- 


Attached to the outside of 
the house, the computer is the 
heart of a new monitoring 
technique devised by a team of 
electrical engineers at the 
Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology. It is so talented 
that it quickly learns (he 
“signature” — the electric 
power-consumption pattern — 
Of each appliance and notes 
when each comes on and bow 
lomt it runs. 

The goal, said Professor 
Fred Schweppe, is to give 
electric- utility firms more- data 
about their customers* power- 
use habits without having to go 


knocking on doors. ‘‘We’reVn*; 
trying to find out- wh&ft a 
particular house Is doing^'lie 
explained. “We jost. want * . 
statistical sample.” . 

The information is supposed-, 
to result in more efficUnt 
electridty nse, lower pow^ 
costs and better guesses on ijtfte 
need for buildmg large power 
plants. On the other Head*, 
thongh its purpose is essen- 
tially benign. Professor . 
Schweppe admitted there's 
some potential for abuse. 
“One of the things . wh’re - 
worried about is thatT£ wfu b&~ 
an invasion of privacy” be., 
said. ; ’ 

“It Is an Issue, butas lo^; as 
foe data is treated properly — 
like census data m* medfeal .. 
refords — it's fine^.Birt- atay* 

thing can be abused.” DereJ- . 
opment of the system Was 
tended by the Electric Pow^r 
Research Institute, a- Califor- 
nia-based research and devel- 
opment organization', 
supported. by the nation Velec- 
trie-utility companies. . 


Events 


a apart! opporoxtoy lor Mhridoals dfofo looireg to tatter fair carer. 


REF TY 1660 


vening numbers 
until 10pm:- 
01-311 8444 
01-037 3773 


Micro APL training cornse — 
beginners July 23. intermediate 


September 3, advanced July 30 
and other series, London (01- 
622 0395) 

User association autonomy 
debate, Mayfair Hotel, Stratton 
Street. London WI, August 7 
(01-399 5244) 

Visit 86 Recruitment Fair, - 
Intercontlnetal Hotel Hyde 
Park, London, September 
5-6(01-640 7117) 

Commodore Show, UMIST, . 
Manchester. September 12-14 
(061-456 8835) 

Electron & BBC Micro ■ 
Show, UMIST. Manchester, ; 
September 26-28 7061 -455 
8835) . ... • . 


SYSTEMS ANALYST 
RETRAMTD BM 


£13k - £15k 
RELOCATION 


Camfmnp fomattairi majre IBM uar bund in fa Ely of London uESnog fa fost toebsofogy (or tnto 
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IETW0RKED SYSTBRS 


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rnilter System Analysts to bo ifamnsfo for fa dswtofxiMHl of oMno aaaxwbng auH toreeai 
appheaboiB. Pitoeastona) red cotofant peofria wtn can itowfop red taw sysoms « * 

hreass cmonnMiL ^ 


faafor ta*in Maratafoor to Neteorts red System, to® ■ vartiHiide tunwar of CIS nfagn 

bn re srawSfa raquramant for re ewnwceil Amtoit Mreagv. 

Itori ia re Bure in BarktoXn, fa sunsditi o n dri a to +a bt mrerad to sa« a proran red rafoCttd 


mw ttreao « uaramn. n sueostoid ctfoa urn ba rarerea jo sre a proran rec mnan 
nng« to reupired nctafag prenoi comjMare, Nataarireg and Software to tege mutanafcfo 


Efota**! UWwth Of fo ytfa afonara to impcrtad darelogmrt^fanmBlonwriteB w 

marttaiifa A prognn^ bariaroirt « iw «S5cnbto fa a omtofa arerreert tofamWCTBreto 

groduong datreaf sgectacabaas from «t*eh proyreimBra at writ must be daiwransi w* 
rnrethame Ofanence wfl be re adrantoge. . 

foe rto:la 5 tBig Moritya ndaft»tmportBidytotafaryoorcaiMrlwangBwaHMrtojpdana WBw 

wry IfaGl BM Man. U ^ 


EafolaacK A strong tuikuuund n a sanlar ambonnato. ic OwaS xtataon sates 
In o w to dgc to riaa comrnmtaaonsqraqurBtLFueproduairafogirflteyraritaaiki 
to drewntrato a sand track raconJ 


■ raaaonafa 
yen need 


Creanr Conxrfod to coCnous (xodud d a re ta mB U In this teto moving bostass. tM gtomn 
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Hyw Ml see a posttien that is 
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we ham lotrad suitable posMois tor 
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We are specia fists m assisting Brtt- 
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6th Floor, Empire House, 175 Kccadifly, Loudon W1Z 9DB Telephone: 01-409 2844, (24 h«ffs). 


Training, Kensington Town 
September 

O^.L f y°n,Oc t ° t « r1 -- 




!e3 




ill'; 

Cfi 


M " 


^ ^ s-< 


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Comdex AustraRa, RAS 


Showground. Sydney, * 
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A ,1, 


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inc lUVino lucdUAi juli & typo 


COMPUTER HORIZONS/2 



crime 

By Nicholas Soames 

a «Jvances in com- 
fhi JL lcchnol °8y are testing 
™ robust quality oT 

English law to its limits. There 
l '"creasing number of 
areas which are causing equal 
concern to businesses, com- 
puter buffs and the legal 
profession itself so much that 
they could be hindering the 
wider acceptance of computer 
development. 

Among the major areas that 

have been singled out as 
needing urgent attention are 
privacy, copyright law. the 
legal implications of a host of 
subjects raised by electronic 
mail and even broader inter- 
national problems such as the 
jurisdiction in international 
computer crime. 

“Computer technology is 
like a new actor on the stage — 
and one who is in danger of 
tripping up everyone else,” 
said Alistair Kelman. a barris- 
ter and author of two books on 
computers and the law. “It is 
quite clear that some parts of 
the play need to be re-written 
before a disaster occurs.” he 
says. Even where parts have 
been re-written they can often 
be inadequate and out of date 



by the lime they appear on the* 
statute book. 

Such, argues Mr Kelman. is 
the case with the Data Protec- 
tmn Act brought in to comply 
with the Council of Europe's 
recommendations. It indi- 
cates that not loo much data 
on individuals must be kept 
and that data must be kept for 
only a reasonable length of 
time. 

“The difficulty is that the 
current legislation does not 
say how much is too much 
and how long is too long,” said 
Mr Kelman. “For instance, 
there is no indication bow the 
keeping of criminal convic- 
tions on computer should 
interact with the Rehabilita- 
tion of Offenders Acl” 

The whole q uestion of com- 
puter copyright is equally 
complex. One of the decisions 
that must be made in the 
1980s is bow the links that 


allow one computer system to 
work with another should be 
handled. A manufacturer de- 
signing equipment to add to 
an existing computer system 
marketed by someone else 
may need to copy certain 
proprietary information. 
Should the owners of the 
existing system be given the 
power to exclude others from 
copying that information? 

The ownership of output 
from computer databases can 
be another problem. If. for 
example, someone writes a 
medical diagnosis manual in 
book form and someone else 
uses an optical reader to load 
it into a computer and then 
uses it to write an expert 
system program which builds 
on the original material — who 
owns the copyright? 

Mr Kelman feels strongly 
that there must be a balance 
between a justifiable return on 


Micronet sets market pace 


■ The French popularized 
teletext services by giving 
receiving equipment free to 
consumers. Now Micronet has 
stepped in where British 
Telecom and Prestel have 
failed to tread. It has 10,000 
modems ready to give people 
who subscribe for a year In 
advance to Micronet and 
Prestel. 

Micronet, which describes 
itself as a market leader in 
residential-communications 
services, says it hopes that 
Prestel will follow suit The 


f COMPUTER N 
BRIEFING 






sing of, 

VTX5000, for me Sinclair 
Spectrum 48K, and the 
MODEM 2000, for the BBC. 

■ Ericsson Information 
Systems Ltd and its subsidiary, 
Facrt Ltd, are sponsoring a 
historic Chevron B1 9 sports 
car for the world's fastest 



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AD tbats fit to show in PCs at Olympia. 16 to 18 
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At last! The Compaq Portable II is the 
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small and sleek enough to go on your 
own desk, yet with the power (640k,20mb) 

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after four years as a PC user I’ve finally got one (the Compaq) 
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largest event for 
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»n,asweHas200 


anies. 


Amongstthe computet soft- 
ware; training, dealer ser- 
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driven you can see - in ac- 
tion -afl the PC products g 
you've read or heard about '3 
ManyonshowintheU.K.for g 
the first time. 


# 1986 



Grand 


amateur motor-racing series: 
the 1986 Atlantic 
Computers Historic GT 
Championship. Each event 
can be co-sponsored, at a 
nominal cost, by an 
Ericsson or Farat dealer. The 
B19 car, driven by racing 
driver Chris Aylett. will be 
raced at Brands Hatch, 
Sllverstone, Outton Park, 
Thruxton and Donington. 
including one of the British 
Grand Pnx events. 

The Chevron B19, built in 
1970, raced in that year’s 
European two-litre 
championship. It has since 
been modified and was 
raced throughout the 1970s. 
The car was completely 
rebuilt before the 1985 
Championships and came 
third in its class. It is powered 
by a Ford Cos worth 1850cc 
FVC engine, which develops 
up to 275 bhp. The car can 
exceed 165mph. 

■ The Daily and Sunday 
Standard, the new international 
English language pape^is 
to launch publication m Spain 
with a Press Computer 
Systems C Text network for 
editorial and advertising. A 
12 -terminal, two-file server 
Olivetti M24-based C Text 
system for editorial 
composition and tele-ads, 
together with an Apple 
Macintosh for 
advertisement make-up, is 
being installed by PCS and 
Maidstone in Kent They will 
communicate via telephone 


invention and investment and 
a refusal to let the law stifle 
creative endeavour. Practical- 
ly speaking, the law faces an 
almost impossible task in 
trying to keep up with the 
implications of the wide- 
spread use of electronic mail. 

Legislation is now being 
prepared to deal with the 
electronic transfer of funds, 
involving, among other 
things, the legal view on 
digital signatures. The validity 
of contracts made via elec- 
tronic mail, for example, can 
sometimes be questioned. 

Though parallels can be 
drawn with contracts made by 
telex, it is not exact Electronic 
mail can be sent to hundreds 
of people at once using pre- 
stored lists. So what guaran- 
tees are there that what has 
been sent has been received, 
read and agreed to? 

There can also be problems 
with the ease of computer 
connections in crossing na- 
tional boundaries. If. for ex- 
ample, someone in Britain 
makes an unauthorized access 
to a foreign bank and transfers 
funds to a third country, 
where is the crime taking 
place? Current case law indi- 
cates that no crime would be 
committed in England though 
the position in Scotland is not 
so clear. 


Has the executioner been 
given another axe? 


A spotlight has focused once more on 
government-funded research and devel- 
opment in the high technotogy sector. 
"Hie powers in Whitehall, particularly the 
Cabinet Office, have long been con- 
vinced that Britain is not getting value 
for money from the £4.000 million a year 
pumped into computers, electronics and 
other high technolgy research. 

Last week a new advisory body was 
created to counsel the Cabinet Office on 
the “value" of pursuing certain areas of 
research. 

The announcement made by the chief 
scientific adviser to the Cabinet Office, 
John Fairclough, on secondment from 
IBM, has caused many ripples in the 
academic and industrial world because 
an axe appears about to foil on research 
projects, deemed to have no immediate 
commercial value. 

The creation of the new group — to be 
called the Science and Technology 
Assessment Office — has also confused 
many in the computer and electronics 
industries. The famous Information 
Technology Advisory Panel (ITAPX 
which had its greatest political influence 
in 1 982 when it led the fight to liberalize 
cable TV. was supposed to be advising 
the Government, through the Cabinet 
Office, of an overall strategy which 
should be adopted to ensure that Britain 
keeps up with its competitors. 

Recently it was replaced by the 
Advisory Council for Applied Research 
and Development (Acard). The council, 
the Government claimed but a few 
weeks ago. would play a more strategic 
role and advise it on the policies which 
should be adopted to encourage research 
and development in key areas and how 
they can best be exploited. Now govern- 
ment has commissioned another. 

Though some in high technology 
industry will consider the new 
assesssment office just another level of 
bureaucracy whose advise will be ig- 
nored if disliked by the Government, 
others consider it an indicator that 
government funds for research and 
development are about to be curtailed. 

The new office would then be the 
primary cost-cutting vehicle. 

The creation of the assessment office 



An assessment 
been created 


I 


THE WEEK 


8> 


By Bill Johnstone 

Technology Correspondent 

was disclosed last week by John 
Fairclough while giving evidence to the 
subcommittee of the House of Lords on 
Science and Technology. 

The statement subsequently issued by 
the Cabinet Office contained all the 
coded messages.lt said:“The function of 
the new office will be to establish a 
central capability for developing evalua- 
tion methods, for gathering consistent 
information on. and for making analyses 
of the inputs to and the outputs from 
government support for R & D 
(research and development) and for 
evaluating the contribution it makes to 
the efficiency, competitiveness and inno- 
vative capacity of the UK economy.” 

A remark by Mr Fairdough under- 
lined the rough time ahead for computer 
and electronic researchers on govern- 
ment-funded programmes if they cannot 
convince their political masters of an 
immediate benefit to the UK economy. 

Said Mr Fairclough:” I see this as a 
very important initiative, in giving the 
Government as a whole a much more 
effective way of looking at how its R & D 
activities relate to its economic objec- 
tives. It will naturally take some time for 


the new office to find its feet and 
establish its working relationships within 
Whitehall, but I am sure that it will fairly 
rapidly be seen as an important addition 
to the machinery of government in this 
area". 

The last phrase has made many 
1 industrialists and researchers even more 
fearful of impending cuts. Objective 
advisors to the Government they main- 
tain, should never be considered part of 
the machinery of government but di- 
vorced from it 

The assessment office is undoubtedly 
the first of a series of measures to change 
the financing and the adminstration of 
government-funded research projects. 
The Government which has never been 
a proponent of financial assistance to 
industry, has been keen on cutting back 
R & D expenditure. It has never had a 
long-term industrial strategy. 

Last year the annual review of the 
Department of Trade and Industry 
highlighted its unhappiness with the 
performance of British industry. A top 
review was underway, claimed the 
department, to evaluate major scientific 
and high technology research projects 
funded by govemmenL That spotlight 
would fall heavily on the projects funded 
through the Ministry of Defence and the 
Department of Education and Science. 

Though measures have been taken to 
exploit the commercial potential of 
Ministry of Defence research, the Gov- 
ernment is still clearly dissatisfied. For 
example, the commercial group. Defence 
Technology Enterprises (DTE), was cre- 
ated last October to exploit that research. 

The Government is right to create any 
mechanism to ensure that research 
sponsored by public money in the 
military and academic worlds finds some 
application in the civil field, if possible. 
The Americans and the Japanese have 
for more efficient ways to get the results 
of such research from the laboratories on ■ 
to the shopfloor.The techniques used to 
such good effect by the Americans and 
the Japanese should be adopted but the 
Government's research review must not 
be an excuse to condemn high-risk 
projects nor should the new assessment 
office be created to act as its executioner. 



4 I think they want me to stay 
iHitfi it's fixed’ 
tines with three Apple laser 
writers at the company’s 
press sites in Marbeila and 
Madrid. 

Copy, setting and page 
layout of the severv-day-a- 
week paper will be done at • 

Maidstone and transmitted to 
Marbeila and Madrid. An 
additional terminal in Marbeila 
wf) cater for local 
advertising and editorial input 

■ Centre-file, the computer 
services subsidiary of National 
Westminster, will provide 
the drinks retailers Victoria 
Wine with a comprehensive 
data-collection service to 
support Victoria’s 
nationwide electronic point-of- 
sale system, which has an 
installed base of almost 1 ,800 
terminals in 970 branches. 

The service will be extended 
this year to include 
collecting and processing all 
credit-card transactions 
carried out In Victoria's 900- 
plus shops and is the 
company's first use of 
EFT / POS (electronic funds 
transfer at point of sale). By 
the end of 1987 the number 
of shops involved is expected 
to rise to more than 1 .000. 

Victoria started using . 

Centre-file s computer 
services in 1983. Now 
electronic tills in the Victoria 
Wine Go's shops across 
the country are "polled" 
automatically each night by 
Centre-file’s mainframe 
computers. Details of sties 
and stock are collected and 
processed centrally, and 
information, such as price 
changes, fed back to the 
tills. 

■ DEC (the Digital 
Equipment Corporation) is to 
supply Ferrari’s Formula 1 
team with a computer-aided 
design and engineering 
package to boost 
performance. A VAX 8600, 
with four Mian VAX lls, tinted 
in a DECnet/Ethemet local 
area network will be Installed in 
the racing team’s base in 
Modern©, Italy, with software 
developed to meet the 
increasingly complex 
requirements of Formula 1 
engineering. 

IT V-T'- 


Next time, 
instead of flying 
te America, 

take the satellite 


A trip to America for one t 
little meeting may seem ^ 
more time and trouble 
than it’s worth. 

That’s only one reason 
why it pays to consider 
Videoconferencing. 

It allows you to con- 
vene your international 
meetings without 
ever leaving the U.K. 

In addition, with 
Videoconferencing, you 
can bring other people into the meeting, 
study charts, prototypes and models— 
even exchange important documents. 
All on surprisingly short notice. 

You simply go to the nearest public 
Videoconferencing room, in London or 
one of eight other cities. 



“ Your American colleagues will 
~ face you live from facilities 
in Hilton Hotels in the 
US., located in New York, 
Chicago, Pittsburgh, Los 
Angeles, San Francisco, 
Miami and Washington 
D.C. (Additional studios 
are available in Boston 
and Des Moines). 
And more than a century 
of telecommunications 
experience from AT&T works to 
ensure an excellent signal. 

So the next time you’re planning a con- 
ference in America, consider the options. 

We think ours may fit a tittle better into 
your schedule. 

Find out how easy it can be. 

Call 01-839 6001. 




.M_MUh>r. 


:ts 









24 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 81986 



LEGAL APPODSnnVlENTS 


CLIFFORD-TURNER 


AIR LAW 


We wish to recruit a lawyer with 2/3 years’ experience 
in air law for our Commercial Litigation Department. 

We are accordingly inviting applications from solicitors, 
or barristers wishing to transfer, for a challenging 
appointment with potential for career development. 

Please apply in writing with a curriculum vitae to: 

G. W. Staple 
Clifford-Tumer, 

Blackfriars House, 

19, New Bridge Street, 

London EC4V 6BY. 


CLIFFORD-TURNER 

London, Paris, Brussels, Amsterdam and Singapore 
Associated firms in Riyadh, Tokyo and Madrid 


Can you match 
these instructions? 

Our brief is to identify two young qualified solicitors or barristers. 
Additionally, we would also welcome applications from those 
anticipating admission later this year. 

On appointment, you would join a small team in a major division 
of one of Britain's most prestigious financial institutions in the 
exciting and highly competitive field of pensions, employee benefits 
and consultancy services. You will advise on legislation, new and 
impending that may affect our Client's business, pensions, social 
security and trusts; as well as completing agreements, dealing with 
general commercial matters and liaising closely with clients and 
their solicitors. Related experience, in particular pension and/or 
trust law, would be useful but is not essential. 

Both positions are based at Croydon. They carry salaries ranging 
from £1 1 ,000-£l 7,000 per annum depending on experience, plus a 
first class range of benefits including a mortgage subsidy, profit 
sharing scheme, BUPAand a non-contributory pension scheme. 

In the first instance, telephone or write in complete confidence, 
quoting reference 667/T2/J A, for an application form or send a 
comprehensive CV to: 
juniper Woolf Consulting Partners, 

22 New Concordia Wharf, 

Mill Street, London SE1 2BB. 

Tel: 01 -231 7127. 





SEARCH & SELECTION • RECRUITMENT ADVERTISING 


J mmmt" 




mmm 

■toMni 

.4 

!*•. :> v 'vtts 

mm, 



Employment 

Law 

This is an opportunity for newly 
qualified or experienced lawyers to 
develop their expertise in challenging, 
non contentious and commercially 
orientated employment work. 

The working environment is 
progressive, the professional rewards 
are good and the salary and benefits 
are very attractive. 

Please apply with full C. V. to: 

Mrs Alizoun Dickinson, 

Unklaters & Paines, 

Barrington House, 

59/67 Gresham Street, 

London EC2V7JA. 


LINKLATERS & PAINES 


GRANGEWOODS 

We are a medium size (19 partner) firm whicb was created in 
1975. At that time the firm comprised 3 partners and had a total 
complement of 15. The practice has virtually doubled in size 
every 3/4 years and today employs a total of 120 staff 

Much of the work of the practice is City orientated and we 
expect and intend the growth. .of the firm to be maintained in the 
wake of the “Big Bang". 

In an increasingly competitive and challenging legal and busi- 
ness environment we are committed to a policy of expansion by 
the provision and maintenance of the highest standards of 
responsiveness and professional and business skills. We shall be 


I fi V i f \ 'j -4 i v * i » H M fiM * l» H 


the existing partners in implementing this policy. 

We are accordingly seeking to recruit assistant solicitors with a 
capacity for sustained hard work having between them 1 to 3 
years relevant experience and with a good academic background 
in the following departments: 

Company /Commercial: Applicants should have experience in 
one or more of the following fields: Public Company work 
including flotations; company acquisitions and asset sales; 
commercial lending; investment and commercial banking; 
corporate taxation. 

Commercial Property: Applicants should have experience in one 
or more of the following fields: Property finance; commer- 
cial and residential development; institutional 
investment; property lending; joint ventures. 

Litigation; Applicants should have experience in one or more of 
the following fields: Construction and building litigation 
and arbitration; landlord and tenant (residential and . 
commercial). 

The working environment is friendly and supportive and we 
shall pay the salaries that are required to enable us to recruit 
individuals of die highest calibre. Prospects for the right candi- 
dates are excellent 

Applications should be sem to Michael Fielding, our Senior 
Partner at 

1 Harley Street, 

London W12A 4DG 


WILLIAMS & JAMES 
GRAY’S INN 

COMPANY/ 

COMMERCIAL SOLICITOR 

EXCELLENT PROSPECTS 

We are seeking a solicitor to join our small but expanding 
department. The sucessful applicant will probably have had 
2/5 years broad relevant experience of company /commercial 
work since admission, and will be able and willing to:- 

* undertake a variety of company and commercial matters, 
however large or small, including some pic work, joint 
ventures, private company formations, takeovers, contracts, 
service agreements, conditions of sale and the like 

* draft documents to- a high standard even when Under 
pressure 

* work responsibly with little or no supervision and sometimes 
for long hours, and will enjoy direct contact with clients at all 
levels 

We offer an attractive remuneration package and career 
opportunities in a medium sized firm, including genuine 
partnership prospects for a candidate with ability, ambition 
and a personality to relate well with colleagues and clients. 

Please apply in confidence with cd to John 
South, Williams & James , 3 South Square, 
Gray*s Inn, London WC1R 5HZ. 


ASSISTANT 

COMPANY SECRETARY 

(Legal) 

An attractive opportunity for a barrister or solicitor (prefera- 
bly 25—35) with some commercial or industrial experience 
exists at the head office of a substantial British construction 
group based in the Midlands. 

The position calls for broad involvement in a wide range of 
legal affairs in the group's activities in the U.K. and overseas. 
Particular knowledge of contract law would be a major 
advantage. 

The appointment offers an ideal opportunity to develop a 
career in commerce and industry in a vigorous and varied 
medium sized group. Salary is negotiable, according to age 
and experience and in addition there is a company car and the 
usual benefits expected of a major group. 

Please write with full career details to: 

Vince Lyddieth 


PERSONNEL 

SELECTION 


Personnel Selection limited, 46 Drury Lane, Solihull, West Mid lands 
B91 3BJ 

Telephone: 02 J -705 7399 


-w&mtrtm 


COMPANY COMMERCIAL to £23K 

Venture capiial^joint venture workload Tor able and 
ambitious solicitor of up to 3 years PQE at leading 
City practice 

ANTI-TRUST to £23K 

City practice wishes to recruit experienced Anti- 
Trust Lawyer of up to S years PQE for highest 
quality caseload 

EMPLOYMENT LAW to £22K 

Opportunity for calibre Employment Lawyer of up 
to 3 years PQE at eminent City practice. 

PRIVATE CLIENT to £18K 

Rewarding caseload with leading City practice for 
able lawyer possessing private client experience. 
Good experience. 

Jjgv ‘Personnel |J| 

Sort necwstin na legal petamon vomtfi 
KAUwycn, London WCaS4JRW.0l -2*2 12B1 


1 : j&WK&Tt'Qte; 


ANDOVER, 

HAMPSHIRE 

Wefl established pamtershn seals 
Convewnantj legal Executive Mh 
« least two years eroewree Ei- 
eeUem prospects Mr contributory 
pension sename Sut recertify 
qualified person looking Tor a 
inanay offtcs 

Contact; 

Christopher Robatiian 
Talbot Davies & Copaer 
16 Bridge Street 
Andover SP10 1BJ 


HEMPSONS 

YOUNG 

LITIGATION LAWYERS 

Hempsons wish to recruit solicitors for their 
litigation department specializing in rneaipal, 
other professional, and institutional work. 

Applications are invited from people who / 
have just completed articles or who have 
been admitted within the last 3 years. The 
successful applicants will work closely with 
Partners on a wide variety of cases. . 

There are competitive salaries and good, 
prospects for the applicants appointed to 
these posts who will have the chance to work 
in a busy and good humoured atmosphere. 

Applications, with a full curriculum vitae,; 
should be sent to: 

N J C Gild 
HEMPSONS 

33 Henrietta Street, Strand 
London WC2E 8NH. 

01-836 0011 


pStephenson Harwood 


We have excellent opportunities and good long- - 
term prospects for able young solicitors with 
personality who are prepared to use their initiative? 
and take responsibility. We are looking for solicitors 
with preferably at least 2 years relevant experience 
after qualification m the following areas. 

CORPORATE AND 
GENERAL COMMERCIAL 

We are involved in a wide and often unusual 
variety of work for listed and other corporate 
clients, often with an international flavour You may 
also have the opportunity to work in our associated 
Hong Kong firm, Stephenson Harwood & Lo. 

TAX 

We handle a wide range of corporate and other 
tax work with the emphasis on tax planning. 

EMPLOYMENT 

The work, both contentious and non- t 
contentious, covers the broad range of employment 
problems associated with active corporate clients. 

Phase write in confident with a full curriculum vitae to: 

John Jeffrey, 

Stephenson Harwood, 

Saddlers 3 Hall, Gutter Lane, Cbeapside, 

London EC2V 6BS. 


Construction Law 


We wish to recruit additional lawyers to join- 
.our expanding department specialising in all 
aspects of construction law. ' ? 

The successful applicants will 

* conduct substantial litigationin the High .? 
Court and in Arbitration 

* negotiate and draft contractual - 

documentation relating to major civil 
engineering and building projects 

* have a sound knowledge of and at least two 

years’ experience in construction law 

* act for a wide range of clients on work with 
a significant international element - 

* j 0 * 11 a firm in which personal development • 
is positively encouraged and success is ' - 
rewarded accordingly. 

As a first step write to John Goble, our 
Senior Partner 

Herbert S mith 

WATLING HOUSE, 35 CANNON STREET LONDON EC4M 5SD. 

OVERSEAS OFFICES: NEW YORK, HONG KONG, PARIS. 


LITIGATION SOLICITOR 

required for busy general practice in 
Taunton. Emphasis on criminal advo- 
cacy. Two years post qualification 
experience preferable. Salary negotia- 
ble. Partnership prospects. 

For further details please contact Julia 
Ciegg, Broomhead & Saul, 3 Hammet 
Street, Taunton. TA1 1RB 


ANTHONY KING & CO 
SOLICITORS 

Require young Solicitor for Advo- 
ocy in Essex. Salary <£12,000 for 
right applicant with necessary energy. 

Tel: A JL King 

BELLERICAY 58085 



.» 










P* Street, 

* WC26 SNH 


Harw< 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY S 1986 


LEGAL APPOINTMENTS 


Solicitors 


• Progressive Authority 

• Ideal Location 
UP to £14,748 p-a. 

ac f iv ’ lks »® South Coast Regional Centre 
™«ewdlew . wpcsiencc for a career in the PnbSseoor. The 


from - Ul anang stems not only 

10 ton also from our lead- 

fi-rrm/_ in . . “* gh, y competitive international and national con- 
toun « and entertainments markets. 

enow have two opportunities for Solt'dtors to assist the Borough 
aerviS?* ’ pr ?, vidin 8 a comprehensive legal and administrative 
inIn!S,JS,Ir Co ™ 1 an S »“ Committees. You will ensure the 
ntFwememauod of Council decisions, consistent with good legal 
opportunities to represent the Council at 
tfon an L5 bunal& - You Prepare legal documenta- 

^°“,‘®, blgb , standards and keep a dose watching brief on all 
aaiutory and political developments affecting the CounciL Both 

rv^lf«!vlr a "°i d . t ^. opportunity to gain experience in servicing 
Committee* of the Council, although one will be principally con- 
cerned with conducting litigation on the Council's behalf. 
Candidates wiljjbe newly or recently qualified and have served 
aniocsm Local Government. Experience of litigation and licensing 
is desirable but not essenliaL 

Brighton, surrounded by Downs, as well as being an area of natural 
oeauty is a town of great character with its Regency architecture 
and diversity of restaurants, shops, sports and entertainment facili- 
ties. if you w ish to relocate we can offer expenses up to £3,750 plus 
reimbursement of removal, lodging and travel costs and mortgage 
assistance. 

Pte»e telephone Brighten (0273) 29801 Ext 667 for Anther details 
and an application form to be retained to the 
_ „ . ^ Borough Personnel Manager, Wellesley House, 

9-14 Waterloo Place, Brighton, BN2 2PR, by 25 Jaly 1986. 


Borough of — 

Brighton/ 

Brighton is a nuclear free zone, » 


Litigation 


We are looking for a solicitor wishing to 
specialise in all types of litigation concerned 
with commercial property. 

This is one of the expanding areas of the 
firm’s practice and the work is both demanding 
and rewarding. 

The successful candidate will have relevant 
experience gained since qualiiyingand will 
workas part of ateam within one of our 
commercial litigation groups. 

Please write with brief details of your career 
to date to:- Harriet Dawes, 

Lovell, White & King, 21 HoHxwn Viaduct, 
LONDON EC1A2DY 


Lovell,White&King 



CONSTANT & CONSTANT 
REQUIRE 

ASSISTANT SOLICITORS 

We require Assistant Solicitors for non-contentious 
banking, corporate and shipping finance, general 
commercial and company law. The vacancies would 
suit newly qualified solicitors who wish to gam ex- 
perience and develop expertise m financial and 
commercial work, as well as solicitors who already 
have some experience in these fields, and who wish 
to work in an expanding, medium sized firm with 
good career prospects. 

Please reply with C.V. to J.W. Ecclestone, Constant 
& Constant, 9 St. Helen’s Place, London EC3A 6DD. 


Chapman Tripp Sheffield Young 
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE 
& CORPORATE VACANCIES 

Uonafliti anting 

organisations. w^Knoton office which specialises 


- r - 


-i 




in international operates as a closely knit unit, con- 

corporate. J^'if^SourcesSd a team approach. The work 
SSRSftl demanding, interesting and at a high level of 

responsibility. specialised team, already at the 

This is an opj^rtumty [O join a We foresee substantial ■ 
forefront of its Add bui in ^ Wiewe the positions 

growth in * ls ar ^ MV ^tractive opportunities for career 
offered present voy 

development rffccussinis these positions with 




change of irecnon-n^^- rf w6rk . 

to adapt QUiddy - jted t0 write to the Staff Partner 

Interested appUcants are Banisters and Solicitors, PC 


LITK»AXiON 

Old estaWished ^ jSi 

taut, crime and gen- 

practice. Matnnnoniat. cnm dvoca(;y _ 

et lS£°p^ n f “ ly a sffl 

Telephone 

Beaconsheld 266 

(Ref 


admitted Non CaniCTKVfa So- 1 
Unlor wwW SOWrSouU. C«« 
funk. £ 1 SK WWSffi Coiwfl- 
uni s OW _ 

AssHTwrr snuenuBenwra- 

US conkry»nonflST>^hBr 

Cl If; 1. Mary MJg*" 4 ™ 
pmemirl 0953 8155 06 
»<ic»CT iur souemw Main- 

H,£i5k 

pwwmntf 0936 81S666 

CONVAVOICINC/MtOMTt^ 

lutior rartnmtaP prospects 

£?«awn 

rani PersonniS 0955 B»660t> 
conveyancer '****£*#*• 
non mur amt CoinwwFfciW. A6- 

ev«MlunN 0S55 2518* 

cans 0RAFT5 PERSON EOS 

pSwick «■ *‘*52£ m "!55 

Sun Scon Reenuuom 01-683 
0OS5 

■MCE LCET of country 
al cuutte from -OOP to 


Commercial Lawyer 

The ED&F Man group of companies wish to recruit 
a commercial lawyer to act as Group Legal Adviser. 
The Man group is one of the world’s most success- 
ful, privately-owned trading, broking and dealing 
companies with extensive interests in sugar, cocoa, 
coffee, futures, shipping, spices, currencies, bank- 
ing and investment. 

The successful applicant will have at least two 
years experience, in banking, commodities or shipp- 
ing - including arbitrations - with experience of 
treasury work and will be fully equipped to provide 
advice on all aspects of the Group's operations. 

This important position will be located in Man's 
Oily headquarters and the remuneration package is 
negotiable. 

Applications, accompanied by a full curriculum 
vitae, should be sent in confidence to: The 
Administrative Director, ED&F Man Ltd, Sugar 
Quay, Lower Thames Street, London EC3R 6DU. 


roi'MPiB n»i 


London - New York - Rio de Janeiro - Hong Kong 
and offices in thirty countries worldwide 



U.K. and International Construction Contracts 
West London 
Salary Negotiable -I- Car 

Our Qtml. one ul tin- U K s biding mU-nijliikn.il building and uvil 
(iigmrcnngf onlr.u Ims and |Mr1 t<l a nujtir mdiMn.il group, ufrh^hi jpimnl -i 
S 4 k liur In k> n-hponsibk’ for lfu,*< unduil in-htHw- 14 an rxUiMvv (Jt hihnIu .itid 
mliTiuliunjI liiigjlH m and .irhilraln.ni wt .rkk hid 

AjqJii anlsmicJ Ik-sciIk iIwmii Ihiir IjU- 20\or«*arK 30 Min-ililicd lor.il 
li-.tsl 3 \i\irs. with .i Ihomifgh kiiouk-dgcid i ligh Court htis-ilum .uni |K<(it.iI4v 
wilb f\jvnnKv in inlnriialiuii.il artnlrafu >n \MiiI*4 ll«- »k Mill In- 
fjrifloriHiMiilli i fjnlniln his IIuti- will lH-*^gmrliiiul> lorinv»iKrminl m 
trumiKin.il and tonlrji I work 

S rnn' m itvifr Ir.ivrl will l«- rn|iuritl 

Hii-pf «Mlron nImvxI hi W Imid/m .mil ui.iilihlM) lolhcnrgrilMr 
salon. Ihrrr ^ the- usual rangi-oj large < ouifum U-nclih iih lading >i ‘ •miimux i .u 
Suil.ililf- .i]if >1 h .miInsIuuiW lorward a lull C V quolmgRH Rl 6b? lolhe 
addrrsslirliiw. Pk-«isrlMMT&rafil> am aHniMtiu-slowhRh j«iurtld.Hkshiiiikf 
Ik ilk' sent. 



CONSTANT & CONSTANT 
REQUIRE 

QUALIFIED RESEARCH 
ASSISTANT 

We are a medium sized City firm, whose legal services 
include corporate, commercial, shipping, insurance, prop- 
erty and private client work. We are seeking a young and 
enthusiastic Barrister or Solicitor with good academic 
qualifications to fiU the position of resepch assistant 
whose responsibilities will include conducting and apply- 
ing research on developing law and practice. Good library 
and Lexis facilities available. 

Please reply with C.V. to J.W. Ecclestone, Constant & 
Constant, 9 St. Helen’s Place, London EC3A 6DD. 


RUSSELL-COOKE, POTTER & CHAPMAN 

LINCOLNS INN 

An opportunity to join an expanding practice offer- 
ing high quality and demanding work. Fully 
competitive salaries with good prospects. 

COMPANY AND COMMERCIAL 

To deal with a varied work load for both public and 
private company clients. The ability to develop and 
extend existing areas of work is a key element in 
this challenging position. Ideally the applicant will 
have had two years good commercial experience 
since qualification preferably in the City but newly 
admitted Solicitors with relevant experience in arti- 
cles will be considered. 

COMMERCIAL PROPERTY 

To assist in this department dealing with substan- 
tial and varied work involving developers, builders 
and investors. The position would suit a recently 
qualified solicitor. 

Please write with CV to: 

Peter Dawson 

Russell-Cooke, Potter & Chapman 
11 Old Square 
Lincolns Inn 
London WC2A 3TS 




I I 

Conveyancing 


Maidstone 

Our diene is a successful 11 partner firm 
of solicitors with 5 offices in the Mid Kent 
area. 

The practice has an established reputation 
both locally and in London and continued 
growth has led to the need for 2 able 
conveyancers. The commercial conveyancer 
will ideally have 2 years’ post qualification- 
experience, and a newly qualified solicitor 
would be considered for the domestic 
conveyancing position . 

Candidates will need to demonstrate 
the ability to work under pressure 
and give paramount importance to 


and give paramo 

London Wtncbi 


£ Negotiable 

the interests of dienes. 

In return, the successful applicants will 
receive a first class remuneration package, a 
chance to live and work in this pleasant part 
of Kent, and real prospects of partnership in 
this forward thinking firm. 

Interested applicants should write to 
Anthony TcrniIdns, enclosing a full CV at 
The Legal Division, Michael 
Page Partnership (UK), 

39-41 Parker Street, London 

WC2B 5LH or telephone him on 
01-831 2000. Strictest 
confidentiality assured. 


Michael Page Partnership 

International Recmimx'nt Consuhonts 

London 'Windsor Bristol Birmingham Manchester Leeds Glasgow Brussels NetvYfck Sidney 
A member oj die Addison Rl# PLC group 


ired. 

.vlorit Sjdney 




REGIONAL LEGAL 

S 


>yj 


Salary within the range of 
£17,742 • £23,823 (increase pending) 

Tbe Regional Legal Advlsertottie Wessex drive to lead a team of 
Regional Health Authority is a key appoint- support stdt 


merit on the Authority’s staff, managing 
the legal seivicesfortne Regional Health 
Authority, District Health Authorities and 
the Family Practitioner Committees In the 
Region. 

The work covers a wide range of 
interest which includes advice on 
common law, general litigation, convey- 
ancing, town planning and contract law 
and, more particularly, advice on all 
aspects of the National Health Service 
-including medical negligence cases. 
There is also an opportunity for ad- 
vocacy, particularly in the Coroner’s 
Court. 

What we are looking tor is an Admitted 
Solicitor with experience in personal 
injury litigation and an interest in medico/ 
legal work, and the enthusiasm and 


drive to lead a team of dedicated 
support stcrfL 

ProspectNe applicants are Invited to 
ring the current postholder, Mr. C.H. 
Brown, on Winchester (0962) 63511, 
extension 468, for an Informal discussion. 

Application form and fob description 
may be obtained from the Personnel 
Department, Wessex Regional Health 
Authority, Highcroft, Romsey Road, Win- 
chester. Hants. S022 SDR Telephone: 
(0962) 62407 (24-hour ansaphone). 

Closing date - 23rd July 1986- 


H 


HEALTH 

AUTHORITY 


Badenoch & Clark 


COMPANY COMMERCIAL 

WC1 cJE16,500 

Our clienL a progressive medium sized firm, is seeking a 
bright ambitious young lawyer to work in its expanding 
company/commercial department. The successful 
candidate will be expected to undertake a range of 
work with a strong international element and should 
have up to IS months experience in this field. This 
position carries with it excellent salary and career 
prospects. 

COMMERCIAL LITIGATION 
CITY 

Leading Gty practice seeks quality solicitors to work on 
a range of litigation matters within its expanding 
department We are keen to hear from candidates with 
good academic records and up to two years experience 
with a London firm. Career development prospects are 
excellent 


CORPORATE 

FINANCE 


We are currently recruiting bright young Lawyers on 
behalf of several leading UK merchant banks and 
Stockbrokers looking to expand their corporate ftnance 
departments. Ideal candidates will be numerate and 
haire up to 2-3 years post qualification experience in the 
company/commerrial department of a leading City 
firm. Strong inter-personal skills are essential. 

CAPITAL 

MARKETS 

Leading US investment bank has a requirement for 
an experienced solicitor to join its Transaction 
management group. The successful candidate is likely 
to have a top City firm training and up to 4 years 
experience in bond Issues, swaps and syndicated loans. 


For details of these and other positions, contact John Gotten or Judith Fanner. 


Legal and Financial Recruitment Specialists 
16-18 New Bridge St, London EC4V 6AU Telephone: 01-583 0073 


CORPORATE 

TAXATION TO £22K 

Opportunity to undertake excellent Corporate 
workload at outstanding Central London prac- 
tice. Up to two years PQE 

COMPANY 

COMMERCIAL TO C20K 

Major City practice wishes to recruit ambitious 
Soficitor, of up to 18 months PQE. Good 
prospects. 

COMMERCIAL 
CONVEYANCING TO £23K 

Highly regarded City practice requires calibre 
SoHdtor of up to 18 months PQE for top quality 
workload. Good prospects. 

PENSIONS TO £30K 

Experienced Pensions Lawyer for major Cen- 
tral London practice. Excellent pros pacts. 

LITIGATION TO £16K 

Opportunity with weR respected Central Lon- 
don practice for able Litigator of up to 18 
months PQE. 

COMPETITION/ 

EEC TO CSignificant 

Eminent medium sized City firm requires able 
lawyer for highest quality workload. Superb 
opportunity with good prospects. 

PRIVATE CLIENT TO £23K 

Experienced Private Client Lawyer sought by 
well respected Central London practice. Excel- 
lent prospects, quality workload. 

MATRIMONIAL TO £20K 

Major Central London practice wishes to aug- 
ment successful department with calibre 
matrimonial lawyer. Good prospects. 

jjnw ‘Personnel 

Staff specialists lo Hie legal profession wrWvmjB 1 * ,ir 
95 AWwych. London WC2B 4JF. let 01-242 1281 

(ansaphone after office hours) 


.waoGsw 


Henman > Ballard & Co 

OXFORD 

As a well-established and expanding practice 
with 4 offices in Oxfordshire, we seek a 

SOLICITOR 

To assist in general practice with Litigation and 
Advocacy bias - newly qualified solicitor 
considered. 

Appy with CV to: 

D J Semiyen, Henman Ballard and Co, 
116 St Aldates, Oxford OX1 1HA. 
Tel: 0865-722181 


SOLICITORS - N.L HAMPSHIRE. 

Well known firm seeks a dynamic solici- 
tor with partnership potential. He/she 
would head the Litigation Department 
and take an active lead in managing the 
office. He/she should have at least 5 
years’ post-admission experience. Con- 
genial conditions. 5 weeks’ holiday. 
Salary package including car negotiable. 

Please write Box F07. 


HONG KONG 

Small but expanding firm of Solicitors 
require young assistants for convey- 
ancing and probate, and company /- 
commercial departments. Prospects 
excellent. Starting salary £15,000- 
18,000 per annum. Interviews to be 
held in London during July. 

Please reply with full details to Box 
B76. 

. "wniiiuuvuw , 

MOtor... Smni 

*« <Mno ■» 












LEGAL 


I'Hfc UMfcS iUtSOAY JULY 8 1^80 


3v5IT 


Braby & Waller 



Braby & Waller 

Cedric House 
&9 Easl Harding SJreel 
London EC4A3DS 
Telephone. 01 -583 851 1 


Exciting Future 

in 

Property 

Bratry & Wafler act tor sUrstanSal institutions w»i large and 
cfvarse property investments. The increasing torol of 
instructions provide an unusual opportunity tor accelerated 
advancement tor a young c omme rcia l conveyancer of 
vigour aid teal competence. The practice has excellent 
offices, bu& to their order, and good back-up services. The 
total remuneration package wfi reflect the Arm’s pro- 
gressive outlook. 

Reuter Sfcnkbi are instructed to produce a shortfet, but 
applications may be sent to S.HJC WBJams at Braby ft 
Waller n preferred. Please quote ret ARDIC215 when 
applying. Reuter SMdn, 26-28 Bedford Row, London 
WC1R4HE, telephone 01 -405 6852. 


REUTER SIMKIN 

LONDON * LEEDS • WINCHESTER 

RECRUITMENT tt MANAGEMENT CONSULTANTS 



ASA LAW 

Locums 

Wc ursmlly nod locum 
wire. & fetal execs for 
conveyancmt & b ligation as- 
sign men is m London & the 
South.’ 

All fees negotiable. 

01 - 248-1139 

ASA LAW 

LOCUM SPECIALISTS 
6/7 Ludgaie Sq. Lodgatc Hfl] 
LONDON EC4M 7 AS 


YODNG SOLICITOR 

Birmingham Firm of 
Solicitors retire an 
energetic and enthusiastic 
young SoTidtor witti an 
appetite tor work to assist 
With Conveyancing and 
■ Probate work and also with 
good experience ot 
Litigation. Friendly office in 
Cdy centre with good 
remuneration and 
Partnership prospects for 

the right person. 

Apply in writing wBb CV 
to BOX 079. 


YOUMCBOH COMi mi KIUtSo- 
IKilor 85 86 nartnerehip 
prospect lo £1 lie Dorset. Mary 
^teJ^Acoxm Per*0«neLO93a 
815506 


McKenna & Co 


COMPANY/ 

COMMERCIAL 


We are looking for Solicitors for our Company/CommerciaJ 
Department. 

The work of the Department is varied and demanding. It 
includes public company work, stock exchange transactions 
including circulars, admissions to listing and the USM. private 
company acquisitions and disposals, securities issues, banking 
and general financial and corporate advice. 

You should have a good academic record, have been qualified 
for at least twelve months and have gained some relevant 
experience. 

The position offers a challenging opportunity and the pros- 
pects for successful candidates are excellent. A highly 
competitive salary and benefits are offered. 

If you would like to know more about the opportunities 
which are available in this Department, please apply with full 
curriculum vitae, to R. H. Malthouse. 


CORPORATE TAX 


We are also seeking additional tax specialists for our Corpor- 
ate Tax Department. The work involves advising on those 
areas of the firm's activities involving corporate aspects of a 
domestic and international nature. 

Opportunities exist for those wishing to progress their careers 
in corporate tax and applications are welcome from solicitors 
with between 6 months' and 4 years' tax experience. 

If you are interested would you please apply with full curricu- 
lum vitae, to B. A. R. Con canon. 


PRIVATE CLIENTS 
DEPARTMENT 


An able Solicitor with 2-3 years' experience is required for 
wide range of private client tax planning work. Sound knowl- 
edge of trusts and capital Taxation including international 
aspects is desirable together with drafting experience. 

Please apply with full curriculum vitae to: P. H. Lawson, 


McKENNA & CO 
Inveresk House, 1 Aldwych, London 
WC2R OHF. 


Clyd e & Co 


Articled Clerks — 

Tired of Photocopying? 

Your articles end in September - it’s time to think about what 
you want to do next. If you feel your present firm can t offerypu 
an attractive future, come and talk to us. ■ 

Clvde & Co. is a medium-sized specialist commercial firm, 
whose clients include a wide range of foreign and UK companies^ 
engaged in shipping, insurance and trade. The work is mainly 
litigious. Many cases are conducted abroad; theife will be 
opportunities for foreign travel, and to work in our Hong Kong 
office. We offer you stimulating work in a friendly office, with a- 
competitive salary and exceptionally good prospects. 

If you are about to qualify, or have recently done so, with a 
good academic record and a sense of humour, telephone our; 
Consultant Mrs Indira Brown with details of your background. 
Corporate Resourcing Group, 6 Westminster Palace Gardens, 
Artillery Row, London SWIP 1RL, quoting reference 2144. 
Telephone 01-222 5555, or, if you prefer, at home between 8 pjeri.: 
and 9 p.m. 01-480 6666. • ' 1 : ■. 


|k 

mam 






S3 


There are a number of successful firms in Westminster as well. 
We believe that we are one of them. 

We also need more young Solicitors to work with us. 

If you are about to qualify, or have done so 
within the last two years, and wish to specialise 

in one of these fields: • -/ 

commercial property, contentious property work, 
litigation or domestic conveyancing 
please write with your curriculum vitae 
to our Staff Partner Ian McCulloch at 
1 DEAN FARRAR STREET. WESTMINSTER SW1 , 
or telephone him on 


01-222 8044. 


BfRCHAM &CO 




wmm 


, ,**1 . 


‘**'1* 1 : * 






Devon Magistrates’ 
Courts Committee 

Appointment of 
Justices’ Clerk 
for Exeter 

The vacancy will arise on 1st August 
next and the Committee wish to ap- 
point a person with a relevant 
experience for a University and Cathe- 
dral City is also the capital of Devon, 
and enjoys superb facilities for work 
and leisure. 

The Committee have already adver- 
tised a conventional appointment They 
would, however, welcome applicants 
, who see this post as a stimulating and 
rewarding episode in a career and 
would, therefore, enter into a contract 
for 5 years to be negotiated in the con- 
text of a conventional salary up to 
£20,000. H 

Anyone interested should write to me 
before the 21st July with the relevant 
particulars. 

D D Macklin 

Clerk to the Magistrates' 

Courts Committee 
County Hall Exeter EX2 4QD 


Telephone 

Exeter 

272296 


DEVON 




Town Clerk’s Service 

SENIOR ASSISTANT SOLICITOR 

fc £15,400 - 1 £16.400 be. rod pay award pending 

Trite post is within ttw Town Planning. Contracts and 
Social Section of our Legal Department and will enable 
an experienced Solicitor, with an interest in and 
knowledge of Social Services law to gain a wide 
experience in a busy team. 

The major responsibly wfll be the provision of advice 
together with advocacy in the Juvenile Court in care 
and related proceedings. Committee attendance wU 
be avaflabte according to experience. 

SENIOR LAW CLERK 

e. £10,300 - c. £12,000 fee. and pay award psndtag 

Trite vacancy is also wtthin the Town Planning. Contracts 
and Social Sendees section and wfll provide an Ideal 
opportunity tor someone wishing to further thee career In 
Local Government legal work to one of these areas. 

Trie main duties wfll Involve the provision of advice on 
planning matters together with the preparation of statutory 

notices under the Planning Acta. An abfltty to prepera 

complex contracts would be an advantage. 

You shcxjto tie at least Associate of institute at Legal 
Executives and have a mtoumum of three years relevant 
experience. 

App li cati o n forms quoting Ref T296 from the Per so nnel 
Service. Trig Town HoB. Homton Street London. W8 7NX. 
Tel: 01-937 8562 (24 hour answering service) 

Ctesteg date for appBcatfeai 251ft Jafy 1986 


CONVEYANCING 
LONDON Wl 

0-2 years admitted 
conveyarra'ng/non conten- 
tious all rounder sought by 
Eight Partner Practice. 

Tel. No. 01-439 3111 

Ref EG 


BANK LEGAL ADVISER 

The Legal Department of a major clearing bank, based in the City, of London and with 
responsibility for the legal affairs of the Bank throughout the world, wishes to reertrit a new. 
lawyer. .. ■„ . . 

He/she could be a solicitor with some 3-6 years of experience wifli a top city firm, a barrister 
with the same years in practice at the Chancery Bar, or an employed banister or solicitor with 
experience of banking and/or company law work and proven ability of a high order. Age will 
not be a determining factor but it is likely that the successful applicant would be 26 - 30 and 
would have a good university degree of not less that 2:1 or equivalent He/she will have flair, 
drive, and determination, as well as professional ability and the ambition to succeed in a bank 
where ability in the Legal Department is rewarded with high -position up to general manage- 
ment leveL The Legal Department is small and friendly and the work is varied and important 

The starting salary will depend on age and experience. It is anticipated however that it will not 
be less than £20,000 p.a. with the benefits usually associated with a position in tanking 
management including a profit sharing scheme. 

Applications, in the strictest confidence, should be sent with c.r. to Box No. B53. 






wm 22531 


ABOUT TO QUALIFY? 

Recent instructions have been taken from our 
leading client practices who seek able and 
ambitious young solicitors, to ensure their 
continued excellent reputation and growth. Of 
especial interest are those applicants who 
wish to develop demanding and rewarding 
careers in the following fiekfa:- 

COMP ANY/COMMERCIAL 

COMMERCIAL CONVEYANCING 

For apt and proven advice on both 
the above and litigious poets, 
contact:- 

Personnel^ 


85AWwydLl«mloriW®^-™ !m ^® lo **“ 



INTL. REINSURANCE CO. 

GROUP AGM CLAIMS 
(DESIGNATE) 

40+ SAL £25 - £30,000 
+ BENEFITS 

This is a new Management position in a re- 
spected Professional R1 Co. writing a World 
Wide, mainly Non Marine Account - Long and 
Short Tati. 

As claims increase m complexity, size and tail a 
very Senior Claims Executive with a Legal 
Qualification is required to co-ordinate and 
oversee the Group's Claims function in UK and 
Overseas, from a London office. 

Senior Claims Management experience in Inter- 
national Direct and Treaty N.M. Claims senJjng, 
including current problems - Trade Tort (ie 
Asbestosis, environmental pollution etc) is a ne- 
cessity. Ability in both Company and Man 
Management is required and European Lan- 
guages would be an asset 

The benefits indude Subsidised Mortgage. Non 
Contrib. Pension, Profit Share and Car. 

All applications will be treated in the strictest 
confidence. 




Apply: AJP. Moore ACT, 
Managing Director 
- 01 481-1506 
Moore & Weeks Ltd-, 
(Sec Coos) 

52/57, Mark Lane. 
London EC3 


! W :TTTT 4 


CAMBRIDGESHIRE 

CONSTABULARY 

Force Headquarters, 
Hinchingbrooke Park, 
Huntingdon. 

SOLICITOR TO THE 
CHIEF CONSTABLE 

Salary: £15,lll-£l6,I94 

Applications are united horn Solitiicire and Bar- 
risters with recent experience of litigation and at 
least ten yean general experience tor the post of 
Sofidtor to the Chief Constable. ; 

His new post arises as a reauh of the setting up 
at the Crown Prosecution Service. 

The successful applicant will be required to ad- 
vise upon the legal and constitutional powers and 
duties of the Chief Constable and upon the dvil 
and criminal law. In civil and 1 criminal 

litigation involving the Chief Constable and 
members of the Force will be undertaken. 

An application form and job de s c rip tion may be 
obtained from the Chief Superintendent, Admin- 
tstxation, Force Headquarters, Hmchiagbraake. 
Paris, Huntingdon, PE18 8NP. - 

Closing date for recei p t of completed app li cation 
forms: 4<h Augusu 


prospects for the nght person. Salary according to experience. 

Brooke BMn Russell, Hampden House, ... 

84 Ktagsmry, Loadou WC2B ME 
TeL No. 01-831 2881 

Applicants with C.V. to A Spencer at the above address. v : 


2 LEGAL 



L r OAI. FLOATS |o SU-SOO. * 
larv ettv practice nmf legal** 
Mts j a wm u irtr notttwn Man., i. 
Good exp. ■+ hiH „ 


owrMttl. Wj^nrw training 
mill be 0VM. CaB 01-657 8077 . 
MARY CRAVES fPrc Cool - 






COMPUTER APPOINTMENTS 




CONVEYANCER 


OWEN WHITE, a taiga, progressive and 
pw pnnHin g firm with 7 offices west of Loudon, 
seeks an admitted or unadmitted Conveyancer at 
the Feltham Office capable of handlin g a Jf r ^ 
volume of residential conveyancing assist ed by 
newly installed second generation computerised 
word processing function. 

An attractive remuneration package will be 
offered including salary, quality car, running 
pypong^g and pension, unlikely to be worth less 
than £15.000. 

Please apply: N Barnard Esq.. Gavel House, 
90-92 High Street, Feltham, Mkidkeex, TWl3 4ES. 

Teh 01-890 2838 


YOUNG 

SOLICITOR 

over £20,000 + car 

City Solicitor with 2 years experience for senior 
position with international company to handle 
corporate and c o mwwici if work. - 


We have been recruiting lawyers for Industry, 
commerce and finance since 1973 and have placed 
lawyers with most major British and international 
companies. We also recruit for firms of solicitors in 
London and throughout the country. 

AH our consultants are qualified lawyers with 
many years* experience in recruitment. 

74 Long Lane, London EC1 Tet 01-606 9371 


W.' '1 »v'l 3 ;c 


TAX PLANNING & Trust SMctet I UTfCATKJN SKCUUST Crov 
el K«u appointment. Sounior. I don wttn Matrimonial. 
Barmirr « Accountant cmK I to El a 6K Wfwv* 

«re. to 1 BK Wmw I Comuuants 0939 SS183 
Consulianfet OWS 29103. 1 

TAX/TRUST/HtOBATC WC1 
pMWwmp practice. Sourlior 
oroT neuly to 2 veanadmtuecl. 

To £16.000 MereditAScMiBcw 
cfullmenl OI-S83 OOS6 - 




UTKMTWH EXKCtmVZ Cast OXFOIIOSIIBtt YOtWC AxtUani cONVETanCOT (qr Croydon on- I SOOTH BUCKS MHMTC. & • 
Suv-^v firm. Matrimonial em Solwltor OonwiWwa 4 Non tier 3& W E12.5K. Wessex | lavwtwd practice seek Solicitor, 
ptu&fc. £i IK wessm nmlenlwtH Mary Male Acrortl OoiKUltants. 0939 2S183- I ilew IS pimp. £2a000 nego- 
irWinauHtant* 0959 2S19S PWvmnW 0«3S 813000 I Uautc. Meretti H Scoa 

- i ] BeeruBmem 01-E83 0096. 

NEWLY QUAUm. CC2 Prac- SWOTIT AMUTmto All- 
ure Mmed CMivewanelno e HounOer brand) ofl*re WMls 
tu ooa. Mervditn Scou R«v ElOk. M#cy Stole. Accord Per- 
mutnwni 01-383 0056. sonnet. 0935 aiSSOO 








c. El 8,000 pjL plus car- Andover .. 

Tho CMange Take Test VaHay Borough ^Cbuncff 
Into the 1990's with bur KX.ME29 ' 
tpowtog to Series 39 with ORS - - 
network. 


The Job: 


The Benefits: 


Manager of your own- section and. . 
top man ag ement status tor £ years 

toted term. 

Salary up to £17,202 pius a 
pettetnance bonus of up h>- 
£1000 pa ’ : 

Car provided plus officitf rnieage. J 
package, worth up to~ , 
£3000. Free Grouo Ufa Amutaea. 


ThePIacac 


Andover is m the scenic and historic' 
Test Valley covering ISLQQQ «trat^ 

rural acres of westam 
Hampshke, aid with excellent rant 
ena motorway comrnunkations, : ■ : 

a on ■ 

Andover (0264) 64144 for1urthM<fe- 
tofa. Offer the application; from.' ;.r 
Pwsonnai Department, Council OfrVi 

flees, Dutioreftoad, Bamwyf 

^rt^Telephwie Ramsey (079*:^ 
8151T7 &t S^. Quote reff 50 ^ 0 ^ 
ZZ'T?"*.' 3 * Thuraday^st^/v 

roB. interviews wfl t» Md oh *: -n 

iWiahAuguet, 1906. ; 



















personal columns 


TH E TIMES TUESDAY JULY 8 1986 


COHVKYANCtNa Bay FUHy 
Qualtftad Sottcttor* £160 + 
VAT ft-Stwnure Otwnmfoti 
Ring: 0204 319398 
U» VTM MATTERS E S Gudeon 
US lawyer 17 Butelrodr SL 
A London W| oi 486 0813. 


ANTIQUES A 
COLLECTABLES 




inn.iMusaMip Rrfmory 
Oilr. tame. 6 rhaics. mmm 
uMxMrt and ehrot daunt. 
£5 -BOO ooo. Trt 0604 405806. 


■ r yiTT. , ' ra. "* 


urine*. Mnuh. rlc. . want- 
Ol 883 0004;- - 






WANTED 


W/MnD-UMKTMUS.irtt 

of chain, large mtrrom. book* 
rm. dnas A OurrouftOl 686 
0148 228 2716 day night 


iMNBW*. 

MMF 

m t 


iwr*'« 


FOR SALE 


jMQxn or HKmjcBco 

and iam Cenlury rcoUca atxt. 
rrarodiKiKm furntuue. clear 
an«y now on. NrfilrOrtL Omni 
■ 04911 64U 16. Reading (07341 
691731. Berkeley. <** (04631 
810952. Toosham Devon 
■039287} 7443. 

FIHESTauaiiiywoot carpet*. At 
iratir ortre* and under, alto ■ 
ovtotabk- lOCTb extra. Large 
room she remnants under ha* 
normal price OwwiyCOTfli 
OI 409 0493. 

SAV1LK ROW CUTS. A few ran 
reded bespoke, order* for iak- 
Under hall price. Please We 
Phone 01.-629 3536. for details. 


TME IB M lTH-im Other 
UUn mail Hand bound ready 
IOC prrvrntauon also 

-Sunday'" ^13-SO Remember 
When. 01 688 6323. 

TICKETS FOR AMY EVENT. Cab- 
StarUgM txp.Chcvs. Les M* 
An theatre and wort*. 

Tel: 821-6616 82B0496. 

A- Ex Vfca Dtoem. 

MTTHDAY HUE T Che someone 
ad original Time* Newspaper 
dated me very day uw wire 
bom. Cl 2. SO. 0492-31303. 

NEW mDEOS Cl 88 -Player Only 
repmrnls unDraublc value. 

^ may gnu. Taps. 91 Uww 
Soane SL SWl. 7300933. 

OU> TOSH aMOlONH cob- 
ble arils etc Nationwide 
drtfvrric*. TW: 103801 860039 

iwhw. 

HMfim Any event Inc Les 
Mm. Cmeni Odn- SurehpM »p. 
Gtyndrbournc 01-029 1678. 
Maw credii rant*. 

ALL SOLD OUT EVENTS. Ben- 
ts Cowboys and all theatres. 01 
701 8383. 

CATS. CMSS. LWMO-A2 the- 
atre and apart. Tct 631 5719. 
657 ms. AH major erwn 
FMdges /FREEZERS. Cookers. 

ear Can you boy clHMPcrP » * 
S Ud. OI 229 1947 8468. 


RESJSTA 

CARPETS 

SALE NOW ON 

Wool rob Butafs Horn OJK per 
sq yd + VAT. 00% iMOi Hew 
Domestic VWttfl E13-85 per «1J« 
+ VAT. CMtaptxl «es «.75par 
so yd + VAT S many otter 768 


SOUTHF1CLDS M/F total luxury 
cha farter Man. up rm. |W 
lube. £190 Km. Tct 637 2444 
■day) 874 7749 taft 18JKM. 

FTTZGEOMC A VC W14 2nd 

M/F share Lux Flat in inures 
«\e VMioilan Mansion Blk. 
Oose High SI Ken. Own DO»c 
Bdrm. 060 pw on. Teh 01 
602-4761 After 7 pm 
CLAPHAM SW4 Pro* F pref. n s 
io «r MOM A spacious (la. 
o r. nr CttPtum Common Tube 
£185 prm bid. TrliSaO 5920 
tO» or 674 8262 1 H 1 
C ANO Mimt f. NL Beautiful Re- 
gnny mixed house, own room, 
■mini Mealing. 40 0 pan. £176 
prm plus MM. Teh 734 9451. 
CITY 18 M SB. 3rd pro! M.F 10 
share lux h#r. l«r O R + all 
mod com +■ iMnlng lady £45 
pw 1 net. 981 3737 alter 7 pm. 
ClAPHAfll SOUHL «Mi per lo ph 
tux me. a lube. O. R. C H. 
pdn. C187.50 arm exrt. Teh 
673 4083 • after 6t. 
FLATMATES Selective Sharing. 

Well cstab introdurlory sentre, 

- PUT Hi for appl: OI 689 5491. 

313 Bromptou Road. SW3 
W1 large rm wHh shower. over 
looking FKaw So. in superb 
Georgian Mouse Shared kdch- 
en. £89 p w, Inc. 01-307 1699 
1ATTEMIA Prof gm share tax 
’ mansion fiaL O/R. £170 prm 
Ter 01-350-1090 answerplxme 
BATTERSEA PARK. Prof 22* lo 
■diare mangos flat CH O R. 
MS pw. 223 0912 men. 
CMALFOMT-ST-OUS Burta 
Charming bedtUUng rms Mon 
rri CBSCCJOPW 01 431 0993. 
CHELSEA SWIO F lo share » 
nous rnaHonetle O R. N S. 
£170 prm. Teh OI 352 0736 
CLAMUUB SEN. N S 26f O. R. 
in iparlotB lux house. £4apw- 
exr. 499 3561/673 6990 ores 
metWURY 2 Bed Ljw FtaV Roof 
Terr. OuW Tube/Bim. C ay ♦ 
W/Cnd C450pcm 01 9500737 
Nr WGMBURT WU» prof F 
wanted to shr (tot. O R. £40 
p w. tnd. 01-354 6143 
Firmer 3 people to snare IM. I 
dMe rm C35 pw each, t a ngle 
rm £40 pw. Tel 01 788-4796 
SW17Q R for Prof F tumat^S 
mins Tube. CWwnibsNh. 
Rrt* red- 767 8648 aft Sum. 
W2 Prof person ■«> share Lynaf. 

O R . ownphone 2 nWlWf* 
Hyde Pk- £60pw mrt 243 1786. 
Wit Couple or 2 M/F to Store 
double Bedroom IbOeartt gw 
LUX Apol. Tel: 01 221 6149 
WANTED. Lively prof rmoKJCTi 
srew flatohr. W2 «oW»l «n. 
£40 pw max. OI 568 0378 
WWimntt FAME own room 
M friendly hmae. tor mqOn^f- 
C185prtn exel. Cl 946 2625. 
NAS. aboortwegrtartan. 
am seeks 

Flans or uMunt 409*466 x 2*9 


SITUATIONS WANTED 


ST. ANDREWS. Language SW- 

dcni. Female 20 seCM 
ernptovmmi to Germany begin 
tng August rartv Sepiemoer 
Trtrshon* 0392 69967 


OVERSEAS TRAVEL 




LATIN AMERICA. Low cost 
fbghfe eg. RM £*as. UIM. 
£496 rln A too Small Croup 
Hobday Joumeys-ieg Pent 
from £360> JLA 01-747-3108 
LOW FANES WORLDWIDE 
USA. S America. Mid and Far 
CM I. S AIDca. Trayvale. 48 
Margaret Siren, wi OI 680 
2928 a visa Acrrplcdi 
LOW COST FUOMTS. Mow Euro- 
pean destinations Vaiexander 
OI 402 4262 0062 ABTA 
6(004 A TOC 1960 
MAGIC GREEK ISLANDS al mag- 
It Prtrei. Fbghl. artlsety * 
uiartlicfy hois. Freedom Hols. 
Ol 741 4686 A TOL 4 32. 
MIAMI, JAMAICA, HYftfbl. 
Worldwide rtwgpesl fare*. 
Rtrbmond Tryiet 1 Duke 81 
RKhmood ABTA 01 940 4073. 
TUNISIA. Ported DcaclM-s lor 
your summer holiday Can lor 
our brortiure now. Tunaiap 
Trud Bureau Ol 373 4411 
TURKEY. Lay axaltatohly. 8- 15 
July | wk lr £189. Turlush Dr- 
Ml HoUdays. 01 891 6469. 
ATOL 20*7 


More low-cost flights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 
than any other agency 
PLUS 

• Fast, expert, high-tech 
service - Free wortdrride 

hotel A car Mrs pass 

• so to 60% Ascoints 

Open 9-6 Mon-Set 
On-the-Spot 

Immunisation, Insurance, 
Foreign Exchange, 
Uapl BookShop 


SWFMhwBwk 

fn n Gma. XU. 
01-736 7551 


announcements 


Cancer 

"together we can beat it- 

Wb fund over one third oT 

*11 research iwo the preven- 
tion and cure oTcancerin 
the UK. 

Help usbysendingadona- 
lion or nvdte a legacy ia 

Cancer. i 

Researdi V* « 

Cvnpa^t^M 

2 Car linn Hfnw>rritc. 

(Dept nwaontoaSMTS**} 



* SVOWV * 

6 PfWIH * 

* HOSARr * 

* auoottC * 

* nj * 

JSdbbt * 

i 

; L Mlgj.ES * 

*CMOKM * 

e is? * us» 

SUNWORI 

(E ** 

firoBBR 1 


Fly Savely 
Early July 
From 

S sta 

SR. ! BN 


fcSoHffalrmrf'lbifc 

42-4S Eorts Court Road 
LMdMWIUJ 
laopMomiCt-BU 1513 
Eu mp b/ US A OV837 S4O0 
leWBoatawea M4NM46 


MALAGA 
ATHENS 
from CORFU 
rrom AUCANTE 

£69 Sm 

RHODES 

MADRID 

017340384 / S. 

01-7348135 f \ 

. AJOL2C32- r:l:l:«»7;Vir 


Am BARGWHS 
JOLY PRICES WON: 
Athens tuo atm Eg 

rrmm r® pp*"* 

EW UatW EJ07 
Portugal E99 Ronu EJ1| 

vtnee CUN 2*"Jb » 

Tixw tia Corfu £106 

mow £109 Manta 

KSl OS, Cananas M9 

Bareokw £89 Vwv» 

Mtor OB F*l 

Bokicra Cl 29 V arena Elis 

W DMI4 4MS 
Acncjtm «d 1771 


BSCOtffTHJ FARES 


JgWHV gOO ^SS 

CTO 

Sw ^ 

£2*0 £360 

ftS/Bwn mo 

%£* 020 ® 

Um A Gnus) Boowgw*®™ 

MZV&/DS0B 







LOWEST FARES 

PM £69 N YORK raw 

franWu n a® |#sf ^ 

I 

Rme caff 
smasuffl 

7t mare SL l if *1 

nSStmmjgi 
■uw Gfcms kgstej 


102 Cioucester Pface, 
London W1H 4DH- 


UP UP & AWAY 

Nairobi. JoTiarg. Oin*. OobM. 
Istanbul Sisaport. K.L DdhL 

SjoetoL Hook Kong. Sydney- 

Eunjpc. & The Amentas, 

FhBjpgeTnid. 





ofldon Address 

•SsstSSsr 3- ' 

nkpbor* 

Zdosivdy f° r l^* 3 - 

• ExcdkBE dininB “d o* 660 *® roomSr 

gsss" m 

The sio^e Onb 


01-439 0102 

Open Ssmrfr rtOB-taw 


EW LM WOBUJWtt 

M-Hp " E*00 pw £370 

SS5« m £Mo 

lif 1 

Ss,5wr &> 

2 oeww STB m. .tuMw wi 


IOIORCA Visas. *omr with 
pools, apanmmts. uxernaa. an 
dales avail. June specials, high 
season tram £125. OUk Hob- 
days. Ol 309 7070 4 0622 
677071 or 062Z 677076 <24 
Mrs) AM 1772. 


SELF-CATERING 

FRANCE 


SRfTTANV, DORDOGN E Seaside 
cottages from as mile as £75 
pw TH 0225 337477 or 
336761 


SELF-CATERING 

GREECE 


1 Retire & Relaxing 
0 a Beautiful isle 

DJBtM 1 922/7 -ADG-OCT 
Choose a duO or 4* knuy by 
sandy heart. Free wUsuttno. 
terns, supab food ft tree w*. 

LBVAS 11529/7-MG 
Greek tsie de serte d beaches. 
wBKtaifmg. bbq’s & bop. 

For SNgla. caapln ft MBeL 

LURABSCAPE atm. im 

01 441 0122 R4in) 


ISLANDS IN THE SUN 
JUNE/AUG/SEPT 
FlY DIRECT to CORFU. 
C&HtALOMA. ZAKYNTHOS. 
CRETi ft SWATHOS. BeauoM 
vitas ft apts dose to glonna 
beaches. Same FREE chdd piaos. 

FREE nrodsorfing c CreJB. 
AvadabdOy thraoghod the summe. 

HORSHAM 
0403 59788 
IUOS ISLAND HOUDAYS 

ABTA ftITO ATM. MSZ 


SIMPLY CRETE 

B EB 50 B SS 8S A C84HA 

Anglo Greek tamiy otter beaddut 
pnvate wtas/stuaws. many with 
pools, fr F539 jnd ttod 
CARCaiATUM 15ft Alt. tr OH 
MUTED HIGH SEASO* AVIUL 
Please mg tor our small fnendty 
Inctop 

01-994 4492/5226 

AM 1922 


CORFU'S REST En>oy a OUk* 
Monday hi unspoHt Kamtnaki. 
Ceorgrous swuunang. superb 
\v*wv \iltas lor 26. scheduled 
niohis from HcaWuow on 
Tbursdayv join the tew 
Sumrajx- Holidays 01-948 
5747 ABTA. 


CORFU Sunday I3JOT7 July. 
BeaiUMid \Htas. fully eguipped 
or I Me beprti. £x Calwlck- mng 
Pan world Holidays Ol 734 
2562 


UHCL UnsoolB Wands, cheap 
ItighlsAUla renlafc etc znsHoi 
Idaw Ol 434 1647 Atol Alla. 
-RHODES lux apart hoK from 
E139P0 July 9 ) 2.1619 aepte. 
Strama 0706 862814 
-RHODES lux anart hob from 
£13900 July 18-16.19-23 
deptt. Strama 0706 862814. 


SELF-CATERING ITALY 


VNJLAS wntl A MAOC TOUCH. 

A vuu. a pool and a beauiilu) 
view, what more coidd you 
warn? Choose from Tuscany. 
Sardinia or Raveflo . uie loveu- 
cr parts oMUty whm the aim 
marvel operators don't go. Or 
combine a tula muoay wKh a 
stay in Venice. Florence or 
Rome. Free brochure from 
Magic or naty. Dept T. 47 Shep- 
herds Bum Green. W12 BPS 
Tct Ol 749 7*49 (24 hr* 
service) 


SELF-CATERING 

PORTUGAL 


ALOADVE Luxury 4 b s dmn g u 
Visa With Sian and ooot. Avail, 
able . 18 July ■ 7 August doe lo 
ctoXxOaUoo. Detain from Con- 
Uoentai Villas oi 245 9161. 


ALUMI ALTEKNATtVE. VIBa 
Holidays oi dbuncuon for Uie 
very few. TeL 01-491 0802- 73 
SL jajnes's sirceL SWl. 

ALSANVC. Luc vtnas wtth pools 
ft mis. Avail Jul.QcL Ol 409 
2S3S. VlUaWorld. 


SELFCATERING SPAIN 


COSTA DEL SOL 

Prorate EsJaa bstnwo Cost «d 
U«ft$. 8 Vftas, pool ft Garden. 
My/Aug rentals tram £2Qflp«. 
FStftt ft car fnd trora 
E2S p* tor 2 gift 

E 1 S 8 {L 0 tor 1 wk 

Jeas Harper HoBdan 


|Tet WftfftHtai 692 S 

Am 1938 


IWAMCI I ft. July- Aug secluded 
villa w«i prlvaia pees few mins 
way oeach. sins 4-6. fr 
£30OPP inc IU 2wk» or CSS per 
day. 1 bed aw wffli pool ft tan. 
nbrtoseiQsandyteach.siosS- 
4 lr £27609 2wks Inc 01 of £35 
per day. You cao! afford 10 watt, 
nng now. 01 724 T778. Plays 
Holidays. ATOL 2136. 

COSTA BIANCA. Vina sips 6. 3 


RENTALS 




SCOTLAND 


SCOTLAND, Highlands ft Islands. 
Send lor a US ol 100 recom- 
mended Mol ota. guest houses, 
seli catering 4bo Itee lounng 
map. Transcw Hobdays. 5» 
H«< Sirrrt. Taim. Ibbs-ahire. 
Trt: 0862 3333 


DOMESTIC & CATERING 
SITUATIONS 


EXPERIENCES COOK read By- 
ralrflng co. for Central London 
KWCTMns. TeL 01-406 2224 
pjn. 

OVERSEAS AU PAM AGENCY 

87 Regml StreeLLoodoa WI. 
Trt 439 653* UK Overseas. 
Abo m.hrtps/ooms lemp perm 


CHESTS ROW. SWl 

kniiBaiaEflrindnmln t BtMi teM RritlftaP aMktH *”^ 1 ”^- 
kmMn. BaBram with separate sbonrerraam. Casw ta t» 1 yaar plus. 
£400 dr 

DULWICH GATE. SEZ1 


intent Company 1st for 1 MR I*s- E880 pw. 

MAJENDIE & CO. 
01-225 0433 



Galteried pted-a-terre. 
Irving. room, bedroom, 
kitchen, shower room, 
access to private gar- 
dens. £150 pw. 
Tel: 01-584 0787 (T) 


ST MAMS. Modem I bed na, on 
Boom, recap. WI * balh- Short 
IMs. £273 pw. Goddard ft 
Strata. 01-930 7321. 


CHKLSCA i.i re dole bed. recep. 
IUI. bain, first floor Hal. 
CTO pno pw. Tel Ol 748 8119. 


HURSTON Family tec. wllM gar 
den. 4 bed*. 2 nwp. £125 pw. 
19 July 30 Aug. Ol 607 8379. 


KENSINGTON Luxury garden flat 
lacirtuiiy lunmbed. verv weu 
eguippm. large recepuon. t 
double bearoom. gat c h. Co let 
preferred. £I60 pw. Tel: Haley 
on (0438) 367891 


NEWLY RENOVATED fumtabed 
bouse in quirt road. Clove to 
Highbury ockta and public 
transport hli. laundry, 
diiung study- silling rm. 2 don- 
bed*. baihrm. sardrn. GCH. 
Avail 21*1 July lor up lo 3 yr* 
on yearly tenancy, czsgpv. Co 
in 01 359 266*. 

BSUJMC S T REE T SWIO. Charm- 
ing spartou* l bed house in 
mnei rul-dresar. Through recep. 
drnlng rm. good ktl. dble bed 
rm. dressing rm. balh rm. 
shower rm. conservatory ft gar 
den. 4 van long *bon lets. £300 
pw neg. Maskefta. Oi 681 2216. 
EATON PLACE SWl Spacious 
newly renovated rial. Fully lur 
imncd lo high slandard Large 
rare p. dining or gue*l bed area, 
double beded room, kiletien 
breakiasi room. bain. Long leL 
£335 pw o.no. mat 236 
8817 382 8896 
ST JOHNS WOOD 600 yd» Amert 
ran School L nfurn 3 Bed* wtin 
Mtnii in wardrobe* 2 Bain* wiih 
SMwrv Ctoakrm KH 22 *14’ all 
app*« Breakfast ter 2 intercom 
Rereo* 34 ‘niS" Parking. 
L340ow ITI 499 9981 lEvrsl 
870 4703 

ANEMCAN EXECUTIVES Seek 
Ui* IUU-. hou>ev C20D Cl OOO 
pw l sual lees req Pmllun 
Hai A Lew-ck south ol rhe Park 
imrhcvi oilirr. 01 352 Bill or 
norm of I he Paik. Regent'S 
Park otlu-e. 01 SBo 0882 
FOUR AMERICAN UNIVENSITY 
PROrtSSORS 12 Couple*) Seek 
viiort i'->nt fel or ronriorlatde 
flat in Central London. From 
25lli Oil lo 1 5lb Not. Please 
Phone Ini Srtvxd oi America 
022 V 31 7024 day* or Eves 
BARNES only 1 5 nuns WMerlOO 
Sell iin named well apgotnled 
suiinv. lurixvheii real let* adia 
■ ml villaqe cyeen. To lei lo l 
tmuieiiMf pervon 6 month or 
kmgrr C50 PW Ol 876 1431 
«n | Iriaint 2 Bed flat III PtoMf 
lilmk Avail lor long Co to* 
iJOOpw- .illml Balm ft Co *99 
leo5 

CHELSEA Supeih motlem town 
IMNIU- 5 nedv 5 Malta. C850 
pn AiMlrr Lanain re 22 S 0352 

COSTA DEL SOL 120 nun* Puerto 
Banin Mareeilav Super tee on 
bearh. 2 i win betf-nte. 2 Oaths 
e n stole Pahogdn.* pooh, res- 
lauranl. super’mkl. Award 
winning dev . maul srrticc. FT 
C 200 pw Owner Ol 586 
4569 883 2321 

MAH8ELLA- Lux «NNB wllh 
pools. Avail June loOrt- 01 409 
2838 VdlsWarM. 


WINTER SPORTS 

SKI BLADON LINES 

86/87 BROCHURE NOW OUT] 
47 Hoartt M Smhtrimd. 
Assltu. Frma i UPf. 

The agpesf Ctefco Oa SHst 

01 785 2200 
M each. Deps. 
0422 78121 

A VTA 1S723 MTU. 1232 


SKI WEST Mumper B»«i»urc Old 
now parked win, aU the top re- 
tort*. Sunday night* ideal Ihe 
irafJirti. and amMinaiy tow 
pnm darting at £89 Ring'OU 
785 9999 lor your copy. ABTA 
69236 ATOL 1383. 


UJL HOUDAYS 


S DEVON. Sea Spactou* family 
rial Aug 0(1 for 2. 6 £8* £154 
pw Ol 794 0237 Ol 67* 6650 


CORNWALL & DEVON 


NEW FOL2EATM. N Cornwall. 
Superb, rxrlurtve. superluxury, 
•ertudrd private beartrtop home 
Hid pool Avan Juf Aug Sep. 
Dtrerrang non-smoker* only. 
Maid verv ire. 2 S c units doss. 
2 HU. 2 hath. C6SOnw. 7.9 per. 
£500 pw. 6 per. 020886 3248 


ST JAMES’S. Baichrtor i bed nat 
in ptevugr vocation in small 
block will) Mfi. Mod creep. Ml 
and bauv. Short Irt. £230 pw 
Inc C-H. H.W. Gctutaid ft 
Smith; Ol 930 7321. 


HOLIDAY FLATS Super S. C flab 
ai Km*, swa studus from 
£195. l Bed from £236 ft 3 
Bed* from £375. Lift House- 
keeper. CH. 01-589 4665 


NEWLY MODERNISED 2 rooms 
kli and balh. sunny balcony. 6 
mill* Oxford Sfrert. WI. 
£19500 pw. Trt Ol 936 3393. 


NW3 EATON COLLEGE ROAD 

Charming Grnd fl fM. 2 Beds. 
KUrh. Recep. Bata. £l40pw Inc 
CH HW. 221 2615 iTL 


MAYFAIR snail fumtahed house 
J rooms * kilrtren and balh- 
room. £360 weekly. 236 4864 


CHELSEA CO let. Gdn so. Lovely 
ba*p s. c 2 rm flat. K ft 8. + 
Pal Mi. £!76pw. Ol SB4 2566 
EALING BROADWAY 2 bed gdn 
llal New Immar. E120-£140 
pv.lel.Dl 997 9519 
HOLDAY AFIllfTMENTS from 1 
Week lo 3 Montas from £300 to 
£3.000 pw 01-957 9681 
KENSINGTON WS Lux Id O 77*. 1 
dble bed. l9e rec + brand new 
kil. £196 pw Inc 01 938 2396. 
KENSINGTON WO DellghUul 3 
bed (urn house Study onto gar- 
den CO Irt £360 PW 957 61 26 
LOOKING for the best flat, du- 
plex. home in London? 
£100 lOOOpw. Cal) E89 5481. 
MARBLE ARCH Mew* Cottage. 2 
double beds. Quiet Location. 
£360 pw TeLOl-286 8280. 
RICSaiOMD/KEW. 4 bed*, mod. 
turn, town tee Nr tube, k'ew 
gdn* £285 pw. 01-947-1666. 
« JOHNS WOOD 2 beds. tv. Ups 
4 5. avail losid Jid £200- 
£230 PW Trt. Ol 346 3611 
SWS RIVERMOC Spacious tight 
smara seo sleep area. £l 60 pw 
tori GCH. CHW Ol 957 9681 
WALTON S TR EE T . 1 bedroom 
nai. sawn, long Irt. £200 - 
£273 pw Trt; 01-581 5734. 
WE LET FLATS AND HOUSES. 
Co mart Richard or Mick. Dart* 
wootfr ft Co 402 7381. 

WOKING Rail link Hrwhrow Or 

LH-lirri house 4 Bed rms. 2 
Unite elf well Uniushed 
CI.OOOpr.ni Owner Overseas 
Pi Opens Maiiagrtnenl 073* 
7R444I 

AMERICAN SPECIALISTS are 

r tin niilv wvkinu good uujluy 
rental ai c ow p aadafioh m 
renlnd London lor walling 
ronipanv irnanis Ol 957 9681 
8ARMSBURY N15C turn semi 
IMneniml llal Bedrm. Kllrhen. 
liming are*, living rm Non 
sinoServ only Sun young rent 
Pie CVU50PW. Ol 607 3842 
BELGRAVIA. Exrt 1st fir llal wHh 
till. 2 dMe bed*, draw rm. dtn 
rm. Ml Idktvl rm. balh rtaak. 
taUtom- GtsDO pw Sullivan 
If nmias Ol 731 1335 
•37 MSI The nunibn lo i enwro 
Her when seeking beta nn»l*| 
p-nperties lii renlral and prune 
I nixtonaiea* LISOi CJ.OOOpw 


S. K9L Swing bngrt attract 
OMS. 2 dUS bSARK 2 IHOB. 
Super nop. fax Iol Stwai st*- 
ca se. £3 50 pn. 

MTTERSEA. New dK aiHMum 
hse. 4 faedms. recep. good tt. 2 
new taths. pao, m vho. 
£250 pw. 

SESSTTS PK. 2 iftto baton apt 
Presage Ml Rkrl new k ft b. 

incOH. £200 pw. 

W2. Attiatt mm tae. Odd m. 
2 (Mb bedniB. orwy recep. 
ht/ikn. pkg, gdn. £160 pw. 

BV499 5334 


SOUTH KENSDR1TDN. SPbOOUl 
flat nr tube and tycee. with 2 
dMe beds, dele giaanp. recep 
wtm lull length bay window, kl 
w. dryer, bath, ftn porter, vto 
ee entrance phone. Co let £2SO 
pw Goddard ft Smith. 01-930 
7321 


SWl Chartnto9 Inkrtor designed 
5 storey nouse in quirt read 
street. Siudy opening onto Du>- 
Ihu Rm. Smailbone Ktl. 
Drawing Rm. 2 Bed*. 2 Bairn. 
Liudiy. Access nmw patio gar- 
den. £460 neg nw. Coous 828 


MAYFAWL Luxury 3rd floor flat 
wllh WI using designer wssipa- 
per and laonr*. 2 beds. L 
shaped recep large balh and 
rfowtr. Amrrteap kllrhen. 
long Co Let. £SO0 nw. Goddard 
«. Smith; 01 930 7321. 


FULAHM. Pretty 1 bed 1 recep 
llal wita pailo Big knrhen. 
washing machine. Ideal couple 
with tong co let C96 pw. 
Buchanans; 7767. 

Vtsmue LONDON /FARM? AI- 
ten Bales ft Co have a large 
srterUon of flat* avail for 
1200DW tor 1 week +. 01*99 
looS. 

AMERICAN Bank urgenlly re- 
quire* luxury llau and house* 
from <300 Cl OOO re Ring 
Burgess Estate AgralS 59] 5236 
AVAILABLE NOW Luxury flats ft 
house* CheHea. Kiughisbratoe. 
BrtmaMa. C200-C2.000pw. 
Trt Burgess 581 6136. 

BEHR ft BUTCHOFF for luxury 
properties In St Johns Wood. Re 
eni* Park. Malda Vale. Swisa 
Coll ft Hampstead Ol 686 7561 
DOC K LA N DS. House* and Hah 
Ihfoughout ihe dorkiands area 
lo let Docklands Property Cm 
lie. Ol *88 *862. 

MORGAN'S WALK Gdn 2 Bed 
flat Caraor ft Parking. Ado- 
re nl TH lames. C750 nem No 
Agents Co Lrt. Ol 223 33*7 
ST JOHNS WOOD urtan 1 bed tux 
(kit Newtv I urn Mod kn balh. 
T\ ClSCXnvA j bed llal C120 
pw ro lei pref TH Ol 221 1359 
ACADEMICS VISfTBUG. run nr 
I imeiMiy ft Bn I Museum Hel 
en Walvon ft Go. 580 6275. 
BARONS CT W14. Superb new 
Isi itr bair flat Wash marh. 
LI25PW- CO let: 01 937 9681 
DOLTON GARDENS S kmslng 
ion Charmiog 2 bedroom flat 
nv er looking garden* tailing 
reran dhung kllrhen. bath. 
r.H C225PW. THAI *86 1480 
JUST OVER THE RIVER! Super 
InllV equipped 2 bed nal 5 mins i 
keiininglon lube. Ideal tocailon 
tar Oly or W E_nd. Very good 
value Cl IO pw for tang ro let 
Rurttamms: 351 7767 
BFLSUZE PARR/SHnSS COT. 
TAGE. seif contained Hal for 1 
prison or rouMe. LOT light bed 
-ailing rm ft Mly kil diner with 
Im I rony Phone £90 pw mr 
llta A OH. Trt Ol 794 3143. 
CHELSEA ugh, lux balcony Dal 
link- bed. recep. lift*, porter* 
kl 95 pw Long let. 622 6825. 



CHALET PERSONS 

Two competent Chalet persons required from 
December 86 - April 87 to run private company 
chalet in Austria. Good terms and conditions. 
References will be required. Must be good cooks 
and drivers. 

Apply in writing ref 
Mrs E De Marco 
Ellis & Buckle 
Sovereign House 

212-224 Shaftesbury Avenue WC2H 8BU 


GENERAL 

APPOINTMENTS 

TRAINEE 

BROKER 

Required far expanding West 
End Brokerage. The successful 
applicant will be aged 23+ and 
of smart appcarnace. No previ- 
ous expeoence necessary as 
foil training will be given. 
Fsr a cw6fcattel mtnit* OB 

R. Rayburn on 
01-409 3199 


THREE TRAMCE Managers re- 
quired. £7.000 neg- regulated 
earning scheme Probable lirta 
year parTungs£i 2JXXX ring Di- 


NORTH OF THE 
THAMES 


MAPCSDURV HD. NW*. Luxury 
Ita floor 2 bedroom flat. Baku- 
ns-- CH. carpets, low service 
rtorpr. drive In parking 88 yr 
lease Cba.SOQ Phone 01-450 
2088 or Ol 624 9342. 


PORSCHE 


Ml CA RRER A SPORT Caortatrt 
84 Ivory ntachwork wita Blue 
int FSH.immaruiatecoMIuoii. 
£24.300. Trt: 0296 748296. 


V.W. AND AUDI 


1VCR ISO VOLKSWADON/ 

AUDI QtMTTRO available 
from Mock Please phone for lat- 
est information 0733 312213.T 


CREME DE LA CREME I JAGUAR * DAIMLER 


*************** 

* PERSONAL * 

t legal l 

* AUDIO $ 

* SECRETARY * 

* Sought by friendly * 

* West End Solicitors. * 

* CommeroaJ Litigation. I 

$ £9,000 to start J 

* Ring Paul Noonas. * 

* Talbot Crragy & Co. * 

* 01-637 8865 * 

*************** 

SUPER SECRETARIES 


9ECKTTARKS for ArthHem ft 
Oragntn. Permaneiti ft tempo- 
tary potations. AMSA Special w 
Her. Com. 01 734 0532 


798 XJ M.vn XJB. AUIO power 
steering, sports. Reg *79. Only 
47300 miles. Ex con. £4.930. 
01 4600686. Evenings 7 * 9pm. 


general 


Discounts 



All makes. Best prices 

Barry Halfktsy 

099259021 

ALEoseam fwq Ud- Hefdoid 


LEGAL 

SECRETARY 

Banking Services -c.£10, 000 p.a. 

Greyhound Guaranty Limited, a London based merchant banking 
company of the Greyhound European Financial Group, is a subsidiary of 
The Gre^fxxind Corporation of die United Sates. Gieyliound Guaranty 
provides a range ofbinldngsenices for personal, professional and 
corporate customers. 

Your role as Legal Secretary will be io provide secimrial support ro 
Senior Maritime Atromey and Assistant Maritime Attorney in preparing 
and processingdocumentarion for closing of transactions. Other duties will 
inciuderfK proficient operation of a W.P. inrypingooncspondenceand 

formation ofkgal documenrsand rcpons. The ability h> mea^jedfic 
deadlines and perform satisfectorily underpressure is essential. There is 
an opponunitk' for business travel within Europe. 

A peison of mature personality and years would be more suited in this 
particular appointment. In rearm. Greyhound offers an excellent working 
envmmmcm and those benefits that only a major international company 
can give. 

Write in the first instance with CV on Miss P.A. Taytot Greyhound 
European Financial Croup, $-IOGrafton Sneer. London WI. 

GREYHOUND. 



Ruztrka. NotUngham HS and 
Flow; I R Sanderson. Heath & 
Halifax and Srtw: R C Sprung. 
Harvard and Cla; S C Stephens. 
Buxton Girls S and New H; M S Sioo. 
Abingdon S and Emmai J_B C 
Stnidwtck. Chelmsford Co HS and 
Srtw: h Wing. Colchester Co HS and 
New H. 

Class * tUvtstoo «H C Abrams. Si 
Paul's Girls S and Newn: M F 
Aspman. Famham c and Emma: c 


Birmingham and Tr H: S c Bayley. 
cnerwei) upper S. Oxford and std: M 
Bernard. Blackpool CoRegtate S and 
Chart K Beswrtrk. Bolton S Girls Olu 
and Tr H: M S Blrknell. Bancrofts S 
and Jn: C St Black/ond. MiUmount 
Girls GS York and Chur; V A 
Blackman. Highworth Girls S. 
Ashford and New H: A M Blarney. 
King Edward Camp Hill Boys S and 
Tnn: P c Boobbyer. AUngdon S and 
Trim A J Bowman. Ceom Watson's 
C. Edinburgh and Cal: J M BucknaU. 
SoUhuU SFC and King’s: It J Boiler. 


Utah Wycombe BOS andOtrlon: J R 
Burgess. Huntington S York and Srtw; 

I H A Cade. York C for Girls and 
Emma: C M B ChurchUL Abbey 3. 
Reading and Qu: C A Colson. 
Haberdashers Monmouth Carts s and 
carton: c J comy. Fakenham GS and 
Wolfe: M S Dewar. Grey Coat Hospital 
Girls S. London and Christ's: C A 
Dobs. Godabntoo SFC and Trtn: G M 
□odds. Aylesbury GS and Qu: S K 
Downhill. Ashlyns S. Berkhamstead 
and Tr H: S P Dawson. Queen 
Elizabeth GS. Blackburn and Fltrw: £ 
A Elans. HaUeybury C and Down; J 
A Evans. New Hey* Comp & 
Liverpool and Cla: J M Evans. King's 
HS. Warwick and New H: K M 
Fairclough. Abbey S. Reading and 
Rob: M A FeBiead. SE Essex SFC and 
Std; B J V Fisher. Marshlands KS. 
Newcastle under Lyme and Srtw: P A 
Francis. King Edward VI S. 
Sou lha melon and Trln: A M Gamble. 
Wyogeston and Queen EUrabeU, I C. 
Leicester and Srtw: V L Gath, oxford 
HS and Sid: M G ciee&on. 
Gunnersbury cathode Boys S and 
FI raw: M D Goddard. BirtcstaoM S 
and Corn: P A Gomez. North 
Knatchbull S. Asb/ord and Calh: c E 
Gordon. Lady Eleanor Hones S and 
Rob: H Gould. Howells 3- Cardiff and 
Christ's; S A Guild. Radley C and 
Selw: c A Guppy. Knights Templar S. 
Baidock and Christ's: K a Harding. 
Oakham S and Qu: C R Harris. King 
Edwards Gins HS, Blrmlngiam and 
Christ's: L O Harris. EUham C and Qu: 
A A Hepper, aamford HS and Jes: C 
J Holland. 81 Catherine's S. Guildford 
and Cam: s H c Holland. WlUiingion 
carts s. Manchester and Cailk AW 
Home. Merchant Taylors S. 
North wood and Trln: D G Hulland. 
Ermysied's CS. Skiplon and Pemb: M 
P Jeremiah. Bancrofts S. woodrord 
Green and Rob: G D Jones. Kino* 
Heath S. Birmingham and Quin T A 
Kaner. Si Pelefs s. York and Pemb: B 
M Khlora. Si Paul's Girts S and Newn: 
J R La citaprtie. Elizabeth G 
Guernsey and Joh; K J Lance. Queen 
Elizabeth's S. Faversham and CaUv. P 
N Lawrence. SoUhuU S and Tr H; S E 
Lewis. Kings HS. Warwick and Fltrw: 
K P Uffey. Victoria C Jersey and Qir 
D J Locfcuy. Huddertalrtd'New C and 
Cab j M Lonrtiottom. Bradford ClrteS 
and jes: C A Macfcay. George WMsorw 
C. Edinburgh and now: G L M 
Mathews. Si Benedict's S. Ealing and 
Down: 


ana hud, a a ninci . acuun wj and 
Corp: DL Randall. Tiffin Clrfe s and 
New H: 1C Retd. Monk ion Combe S 
and Cal: SR Robertson, canfoid and 
Calh; MA Sell ert let d. Arif gar S. 
Rugrtev ^and Ftcrw; pw Store, 
toswlch S and Oii: AD Thonnon. O 
Elzabeth CS. Wakefield and Calh: BJ 
Timmons. De Lhie Comp S. Lough- 
borough and Qu: R Tones, ciiy of 
London S and Pel: JM Van Reenen. 
Kelsey Park S. Beckenham and Qu: 
JM Walker. Wllmsiow Hamfteid Co 
HS and King's: JH Walton. 
Portadown C. Armagh and Pemb: SM 
White. Leyton Senior HS for Girts and 
Fltrw: AC Wltdbtood. Tonbridge and 
Trtn: G Williams. Dulwich and 
Christ's: AJ WlUlamson. Hyde SFC 
and Dawn: MR Wood ha ms. Craniewjh 
and Pemb: RS Woods. Rainford HS. 
si Helens and emon: ap Young. 
Ruskin C7 Oxford and Orton. 

Class 2 dhrMoa r. AAA AilbuJu. K 
Edward V] S. Chelmsford and Qu: L 
Alexander. Swindon C and Chun D 
Allchurch. Q Elizabeth OS. Wakefield 
and Joh: K Andreou. English S. 
Nicosia and Ma9d: PAC Bad. Mlllfleid 
and Down: AE Baker. Sternly & 
Sutton Coldfield and Emma: JM 
Baldrey. Hills RO SFC. Cambridge and 
Trln. Wl Barter. Monk! on Combe S 
and Cal: PN Bowes. Oundle and Jes: 
PN Broadway. CUrton and Down: FW 
Campbell. Stamford S and Std; A 
Chandatia. SI Paul's and Srtw: JLK 
curah. Sulianah Asma S. Malaysia 
and Qu: SA Chessall. Sutton Manor 
Boys KS and Job: TJ Cfartage. P 
Pursgkne c. Clevrtand and Qu: np 
C offey. R Taunton C- Hants and 
ST Compton. Bedford Mod S and 
JM CrookalL Malbank S. Naniw,,.,, 
and Jes: G Cm! is. Ivybrldge Commu- 
nity C. Devon and FlUw: KJ Davey. 
Emmbrook S. Wokingham and Chun 
JSD de uptuugh. Harrow and Jes: GL 
Dobson. S Farit SFC. Middlesbrough 
and Gin on: JT Evans. Feist ed and 
Sid: AJ Fears. Seaford Head S and Tr 
H: JN Fraser, Ascham S. Sydney and 
Carton; SJ Off or a. Arnold S. Black. 


AJ Mcfvor. Eastooume C and Down: 
NJ Meredith. Oakham S and CAUu AJ 
Money. Chundvers C and Cal: M 
Napier, Radley C and Corp: JC Owen. 
EiiersUe ,S. Mayetn and Trtn;, G. 
Parker. Leeds Ctrts KS and Cat: R 
Parsens. Si Brandons S. Avon and Qu: 
RR Plllal. King Edwards S. «r- 
mingham and Tr H: ES Portler. 
E — DW Sand Cla: CMC Purtaow. 

CS and Fltrw: AC Puta. 
Mary Ach. Lytham and 

Andrews and ^Ote: CD Rart^ey. 
Brighton C and Corn: GM Reams 
wituams. Shrewsbury S and Calh; C 
Robinson. Si Mary's Ooveiu. Cam- 
bridge and Rob: MJ nous. Burnt Mill 
ConipS. Harlow and Chun MJ 
REusstfL King . Edwards _ S._ Bir- 
mingham and Klnal . „ 

Manchester carts HS iand Emma: K 
Saunders. King Edward vi S. Chrtros- 
rord and Core: paA SchrHber. 
Brvanston S ana Pel: C Spearing. 
Long Rd SPCXCambridge ana News: 
dk Spencer. Ward .Freman S. 
Bunungfoni and «• m fttem. 

Poole GS and — 

Lancaster Girts GS and New 

areet. St DunsLins C and Jes: 

ae Tatham.Dr Cnalloners HS and 
Emma: PO Temoan. Colchester BGS 
and Cla: A Thompson. Ytele^SFC. 
Wrexham and .Newn: h. Tsana. 
Trinity 8. Croydon and ntzw: CA 
vane, weihertry HS and Flow; sc 
Vlnestock. Cheltenham Ladles C and 


IM* 4 ft pini » lui- 

2 DtiUton ZdG^Aldwlnckto. 
■slon and Queen Etfaabefh I C. 
ler and Cta: MD Angela, win- 


Vlnestock. Cheltenham Ladies C and 
Gtrtfm: FME VVarfH-Sulion cufe HS 
and Chrises: JM Whelan. Rugby S 
and Orton: HM Williams. Headington 
S- Oxford and TTln. 

S. Tonbridge and Magd: MkA BUx*. 
Winchester C and Trln: HML 
Blackman. European S of„Bruss^ 
and Cal: A Boouuwd. Kings HS 
Warwick and Trtn: DM gtedbury. 
Walton S. Stafford and TTln; AC 
constable, sodnun S and C^i: AM 
Cuthane. Cotcheaer Co HS and 
Fiktzw: SS Cummins. Luton SFC and 

Convent CS^and Clrion: PR Evan s. 
Bimennaad S adn Rob: MJM Farrar. 
Christ’s Hosutiftl S. Horshwn aM 
Emma: KKF Finn. Omen Mary S. 
Lytham and Emma: FB r 
Paul's Cirts S and hJevwt: _ 

Arnold Sk Blade ooo) ana New H 

Sridtaer. t^ and hiewn: 

Hall S. Chelmsford and Girt on: NJ 
GrahartLAlhMtey S. SouUiamwwi 

SK & W , «A K, a J: 

Jackson. Shebome S and Selw: SA 
.lenKins. LouGMon HS SFC and Calh: 
K Le Scelieur. HauUleu S. Jersey and 
Selw: J Low. Swj Hdhehova Ul. 
Prague and Lucy C Dj Marahman. 
VtSSester GS and Gtnon; WJ Moor. 


C. Belfast and Qu: MD Harris. 
Latymer Upper S and Jes: JDM Hltei. 
Westciirr Boys HS and Bob: EJ 
Hodgkinson. Parrs Wood HS. Man 
thestrr and .Emma: CF Holden. 
Haberdashen AskeY Girls S and Cal: 
MD Home. St John* S. Singapore 
and Tnn: AC KetT. Tonbridge S and 
Magd: RJ Levy. Wesimlnsler and 
core: CCD Lewey. Wellington and 
Magd: RH Lucas. Winchester and 
Pemb: J MarvL Davies's C. London 
and Pemb: RA McBride. Ounale and 
calh: C S McKlilerick. M Er&kJne S. 
Edinburgh and SM: R J Mendlck. 
Merchant Taylors Bay* S. Crosby and 
Pet: R J Montague. Merchani Taylors 
S. Northwood and Jer. A B Moniaguf- 
Fuller. Malvern and Joh: D H 
Morgan. New C. Wellington ami 

S Irion: O P O'Brien. Campion S. 

omctiurch and Chur. C A Pearce. 
Dulwich and Jon: M E Powell 
Brrbeuf CS. Ontario and Trtn: T R . 
Price. Tonbridge and Core: A J Proio. 
Dulwich and Jes: M J Quiney 
Biackheath Girts HS and New H: S A 
Rata. Alirtiison c. Lahore ami Down: 
A B Rhtoeway. Aylesbury GSand Cal: 
K H Scrivener. SoUhuU SFC and 
carton: j A Srtfe. The Levs S and 
Pemb: M J Shrtdon. Hulme Boys CS 
Oldham and Flizw: d E ^Shield 
Convent of me Assumption S. Rich- 
mond and Trtn: J H C Simpson. Lady 
E Holies S and Newn: K H Tam 
Malacca HS. Malaysia and. Joh: P 
Tao. Winchester and Pemb: N A 
TheodouKHi. Laniuon Gymnasium. 
Limassol and Cla. J I Vaughan. Hills 
Rd SFC. Cambs and Srtw: V A Veriic. 
Wellington and Joh: A 1 J Waddell. SI 
Leonard's S. SB Andrews ana Newn: 
A C Wakelln. Queenswood S. HaUield 
and Emma: S Wetoberg- si Pauls 
cartels — " " — 

Bredbury’ “6Smp“^l Sv«hiFe"~ano 
Down: J Winning ion. SoUhuU S and 
calh: J H Woodrow. Bedford s and 
Magd: J K Young, tinned World C or 
Allan IK and Emma. 

Clus 3: S M Brown. .Bede S. 
Sunderland and Jes: A J Cerion. 
Cynrng Comp S. Bridgend ana Orton-. 
N J CT Drummond. Klngham Hill S. 
Oxford and Trln; B T Buang. Catholic 
Jun C. Singapore and now: A 
Jolly. Ftodsfiam HS. Warrington 
Girl on: E A Sloan. Haverford C. « 
and drton: T V Slaog. Westminsler 
and Flow: A J Whllamore. Shrews- 
bury and Trtn. 

Declared to have deserved Honour*: J 
G Whitehead. Haberdashers Ask p's 
B oys S. Etstree and Jes. 

Economics Tripos part 2 
dsn 1: J E Birnie. Ballymena Acad. 
Antrim and .Cal: D M Lilt oil. Hab; 
erdashen Aske's Soy? S and King's: C 
D Ford. Queen's C. Ta union and Joh. 
MAC Hale, omen* S. omcittettr and 
Cla: A G Jarvis. H Wycombe RCS and 
Cai: N Khera). Dulwich and Rob: I C 
King. N Leamington S and core: D 
Konstam. Dulwich and Joh. C 
Mirant tits. ArroDOffe A Gymnastum. 

Delhi Univ and. Cla. S H W right. 
Rickmansworth S and Cla. 

Clsu 8 tOlUdm 1: R C Atkins. Watford 
Boy* CS and Sid: S L Boiler. LCS. 
London and Pemb; S Bhargava. 
Raiasthan Unlv and Trln: P J 
Blackman. Ramsey Abbey S. Cambs 
and Fliew: E_J G_ Bril ion. 
Charterhouse and Trtn: L R Campbell. 
SI Helens S. Northwood and New H: 
N J Candler. Haywards Heath C and 
Christ'S-. D E Carr. Haywards Heath C 
and Christ’s: O Cerrel. Dulwich and 
Emma: C O B Chee. Cnrtienham 
Ladies C and Oa: 5 M Church. 


Satefiian S. Chertsev and Ginon: s R 
Cook. HeUesdon HS. Norwich and 
Girl on: T L cm tell. Wycombe Abbey S 
and Jes: D J orewiher. Pur ley Bovs 
CS. Croydon and Joh: N T Davis. 
Arehbp Moetyn nc HS. Cardiff aim 
New H; N Dhaon. Demi Unlv and Cal: 
R J Dykslra. Kings S. MacriesfieW and 
Jes: A T Earl. Dulwich and Jes: H L 
Cyrartha casue HS. Menhyr 
and New H: S Frederick. 
...non S. Derbyshire and Chun M 
Freeman. RtcranaiisworUi S and Trtn; 
K H Goh, Raffles Jun C. Singapore 
and Pemt£ Y h Goh. Hwa Chong Jun 
C. Singapore and Christ's: C 
Gooderham. Friends S. Saffron Wal- 
den and Jes: S E Greaves. J Allens 
Clrfc s. London and Cla: A A Cudka. 
SeveooaJa S and Qu: S M HUf. 
Ecctesboume S. Duf field and Qu: C D 
inks. Walton S. Stafford and 
h rial's: P C Hiitaunan. Suiion 
3 tan re & Maidstone and Trln: A J 
Holder. Filion HS. Bristol and King's: 
S J Holder Fllton ns. Bnsiol and 
Chun DM Hoppe. Maidstone GS and 
KingT S T Hussain. Bancrofts S and 
Chris**: DC Hutchlna, Wes I cl iff 
Boys HS and Chur T C Jones. Epsom 
C and Fittw; p L King. Tonbridge s 
and Corp: V T Lamb. Bede S. 
Sunder (and and ;tes: S Lant. Heaton s. 
■a— -^ntle.-uBon-Tyne and Selw: D B 
m, Carre gS. sieaferd and Joh: 
51® L«-_.MeihodJsi C. Bellas! and 
Rob: A J T Leas. Hong K«u Inlernat 
S and winchester and Rad: K T 
W^wajawrajunc. Singapore 
p" 1 Clri®, 1 ;; c L y Chay Chung. Royal 
C, Mauritius and Emma: S D Mark, 

S!I2f wan uS, % 1 “? e } s . a™ Cai. R 
JWI .S. Wokinvjam and 
Em™: P J MeCunn. Loughborough 

*hd Chur: p g Meft IIULNelherhall 
o. Cambridge and Chun L Mcrrrtl. 
Elan and Trtn: D S Mite. tSiemam s 
anocaui: M E C More O'FerfS^ 
Wlnthwtw and Pet: A J Owens. 
SoMhuH s and p w.- S Pa/wSiL 
chop's Slortford C and Fitzw: M VV 
J C. Scunthorpe and 

Dame HS. 

SSulfriTircr- “*3 .Bournenwmih and 
C of ft and Lucy C; ah Polter 

SJSSJivS Pn?e. S 

“Omsjroi r HS and Girl mv n 

QuawiuareUl. Stoekpon GS tadFi W 

« . 

Am -oteten 




■ GS and Ginon: WJ Moor. 

Si Andrews Tufonal Centre. 
Cambnttge and Si Feu* S. SouUiwotd 
and Newn: MCV Nash-WUUanw, 
Bartholomew^ S. Newbury and Tr 
DA NeatKL Thmie Green S. Reading 
-Td New H:”fiA New 


Btz abeUf s G&Buckbuni _ _ . 
RE CTBrlen. Durham HS and Cal: _ 
Page. St peters S. Hunbngdon and 
Churt CM Pender, Brentwood S and 
Corp: SR Penney. Royal Betfaa Acad 
lna and Jes: JE PWPP “ 

CS. York and Colon: 

Amptafarth C and 


_ Liverpool C and.Ja: . 

R idler. Bmmon and Hove HS ami 
Joh: D A Sim, KingY S. Cantmbury 
and Joh; r O Shaw. RetgataJ ra and 
Newn: C E Stun. Haberda*ner|Aske's 
Ctrls S. EUtre* and Rob: CE Throw 
Nottingham Girls HS and Cath- T K A 
Turner. Haberdasher* Aske's Boys S. 

WiUdSson _ . 
and 77H.BM 
and Pemb: 

Cambridge 

flows. La Retrane 
ChrisTs; S F Young. 

Northwood and jes. 

Class 3 N R Gobran. Princeton Unlv 
iand Qu: D J Johnston. Whitehaven 
ro m™-.. r m MUier. Aiuili 



















































LAW/SPORT 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 8 ! 986 




Law Report July 8 1986 Privy Council 


Insolvent bank trustee has no priority 


Mitchell Platts on a year of triumph aa d tragedy fora giam cit'goif 

Ballesteros is 


Space Investments Ltd v Ca- 
nadian Imperial Bank of Com- 
merce Trust Co (Bahamas) 
Ltd and Others 
Before Lord Keith of KmkeL 
Lord Templeman. Lord Oliver 
of Aylmerton. Lord Goff of 
Chicveley and Sir Robin Cooke 
[Judgment given July 7] 

In the winding-up of an 
insolvent bank trustee, the liq- 
uidator did not have to pay the 
trust deposit accounts lawfully 
maintained by the bank trustee 
in priority to payment of the 
customers' deposit accounts and 
the debts owed by the bank to 
other unsecured creditors. 

The Judicial Committee of 
the Privy Council so held in 
allowing an appeal by the appel- 
lant. Space Investments Ltd. a 
representative of the unsecured 
creditors of Mercantile Bank 
and Trust Co Ltd (MBT). from 
the judgment of the Court of 
Appeal of the Bahamas on June 
24. 1983. dismissing (he 


any asset of the bank or over all 
the assets of the bank. The 
deposi l account was a n 
acknowledgment and record by 
the bank of the amount from 


Where an insolvent bank 
went into liquidation, that eq- 
uitable charge secured for the 


beneficiaries and the trust prior- 
ity over the claims of the 
customers m respect of their 
deposits and over the claims of 
all other unsecured creditors. 

Equity thus protected benefi- 
ciaries against breaches of trusu 
but not against the con- 
sequences of the exercise in 
good faith of powers conferred 
by the trust instrument. 

Certain of the settlements of 
which MBT was appointed 
trustee empowered MBT as 
trustee to deposit with MBT as 
banker moneys which it re- 
ceived in trust. 

The effect was also to em- 
power MBT to treat trust money 
so notionally deposited as if 
MBT was beneficially entitled to 
the trust money, just as MBT 
was entitled to treat customers 
money deposited with MBT as 
if MBT was beneficially entitled 
to that money. 

When MBT as trustee law- 
fully deposited trust moneys 
with MBT as banker, pursuant 
to the authority conferred by the 
settlement, and the amount of 
the trust fund so deposited was 
credited to a trust deposit 
account, the beneficiaries in- 
terested under the trust did not 
become entitled to any interest 
in any asset or in all the assets of 
MBT. 

If MBT ceased to be trustee 
and a new trustee were ap- 
pointed then it would be for the 
new trustee to decide whether to 
close the trust deposit account 
and to require MBT to pay to 
the new trustee the amount 
standing to the credit of the trust 
id the MBT trust deposit ac- 
count There would be nothing 
to trace. 

When MBT went into liq- 
uidation the beneficiaries were 
entitled to obtain and bad 
obtained the appointment of a 
new trustee in the place of MBT. 

The new trustee could only 
prove in the winding-up for the 


time to ume deposited and 
withdrawn and of the interest 
earned. 

The customer acquired a 
chose in action, namely the right 
on request to payment by the 
bank of the whole orany part of 
the aggregate amount which had 
been credited or ought to be 
credited to the account 

If the bank became insolvent 
the customer could only prove 


in the liquidation as unsecured 
creditor for the amount which 
was. or ought to have been. 
credited to the account at the 
date when the bank went into 
liquidation. 

On the other hand, a trustee 
had no power to use trust money 
for his own benefit unless the 
trust instrument expressly au- 
thorized him to do so. 

A bank trustee misappropriat- 
ing trust money for its own use 
and benefit without authority 
committed a breach of trust ana 
the beneficiaries had a chose in 
action, namely, an action 
against the bank trustee for 
damages for breach of trust and 
in addition they possessed the 
equitable remedy of tracing the 
trust money to any property into 
which it had been converted 
directly or indirectly. 

A bank in fact used all deposit 
moneys for the general purposes 
of the bank. It was impossible 
for the beneficiaries interested 
in trust money misappropriated 
from their trust to trace their 
money to any particular asset 
belonging to the trustee bank. 

But equity allowed the benefi- 
ciaries. or a new trustee ap- 
pointed in place of an insolvent 
bank trustee to protect the 
interests of the beneficiaries, to 
trace the trust money to all the 
assets of the bank and to recover 
the trust money by the exercise 
of an equitable charge over ail 
the assets of the bank. 


appellant’s appeal from a judg- 
ment of Chief Justice da Costa 
on July 17, 1981 in the Supreme 
Court (Equity Side) upon the 
application of the liquidators. 
Mr Dennis Cross and Mr David 
Patrick Hamilton, whereby his 
Lordship held that the trust 
creditors, represented by the 
first respondent. Canadian Im- 
perial Bank of Commerce Trust 
Co (Bahamas) Ltd, ranked in 
priority to MBTs unsecured 
creditors. 

Mr Nicholas Stewart for the 
appellant: Mr Alan Sebestyeo 
and Mr Orville Tumquest (of 


the Bahamian Bar) for the first 
respondent: Mr Charles Purle 
and Mr Colin Callender (of the 
Bahamian Bar) for the liq- 
uidators. 


LORD TEMPLEMAN said 
that a customer who deposited 
money with a bank authorized 
the bank to use that money for 
the benefit of the bank in any 
wanner the bank pleased. 

The customer did not acquire 
any interest in or charge over 


amount standing to the credit of 
the trust with MBT in the trust 

deposit account at the date of 
liquidation. The claim of the 
new trustee would be as an 
unsecured creditor ranking pan 
passu with the claims of a 
customer. 

When MBT transferred trust 
moneys into its banking busi- 
ness that money ceased to be 
impressed with the trust The 
trust money became the prop- 
erty of MBT in lawand in equity 
and MBT was entitled to use 
lhat money for the purposes of 
MBT in any manner it pleased^ 

The trust fund did not con- 
tinue to be the money trans- 
ferred into the banking business 
of MBT. 

The trust fund became the 
obligation of MBT to treat the 
trust deposit account with MBT 
as banker in the same manner as 
MBT would have dealt with a 
deposit account credited with 
trust money lawfully transferred 
and deposited by MBT as 
trustee with another indepen- 
dent bank as banker. . 

On the insolvency of that 
independent bank the trustee 
MBT could only rank as un- 
secured creditor for the amount 
of the deposit account. 

Similarly, on the insolvency 
of MBT which lawfully appro- 
priated trust money to itself and 
credited the amount of the 
moneys so appropriated to a 
trust deposit account, the new 
trustee of that trust could only 
rank as an unsecured creditor on 
behalf of the trust 

Their Lordships recoin 
mended that the appeal should 
be allowed and that it should be 
declared that the trust creditors 
of MBT claiming in respect of 
trust money lawfully treated as 
on deposit with MBT ranked 
pari passu with the unsecured 
creditors of MBT in the dis- 
tribution of the assets of MBT in 
liquidation. 

Solicitors: Philip Conway 
Thomas & Co; Simmons & 
Simmons: Lovell White & King. 



* ifiS 


on course 
for tour pea 


;t ? ■ 

$!.< V. 

if 

0V* r» v: 


The incomparable a local game -mbneoTfce 

the world every professional one Pj** Seve ^ 

Sf^fonod tte Sews of his M 

fc nr *h mere ssive European have seen lum growttfcThe 
toufwin as difGcult I® digest people : 

SHE bread pudding. him on the head-as hew** 

For the likes of Jack patrt fliem htsi.w^tojthe * - 

Nicklans and Tom Watson are golf course having played Ire- 
well aware that Ballesteros is ant from schooLHe Kjust one 
unquestionably In the mood to of the boys in P e d re n a.. . -^ . 

extend his latest astonishing _ g . ven 50 * 

the Open Ballesteros will spend modi of 


•5^ 













Tax inspector can make Halls of residence are 
alternative assessments not houses 


Turn berry on Thursday week. 

By winning the Peugeot 
French Open in Versailles on 
Sunday, the Spaniard com- 
pleted an unprecedented ran 
on the PGA European tour 
following his previou s r ic- 
tories In the Dnnhfll British 
Masters Carrolls Irish Open 
and Johnnie Walker Monte 
Carlo Open. 

Yet even Ballesteros accept- 
ed the need to place his dnbs 
out of sight after flying home 
to jpedrena,tfte bilJy village 
across the bay from the i«d«e 
trial provincial capital of San- 
tander on the northern coast of 
Spain. 

“I must not play golf now for 
three days'* he said. “It does 
not get any easier when yon 
keep winning. The pressure 
becomes greater because the 
people expect it to happen. It 
is time to rest before I start 
preparing for Turnberry.” 

In jpedrena, where on the 
local course he first started to 
play golf at the age of seven, 
Ballesteros can relax by lying 
on the beach or playing tote — 


His father died .earlier Unk 
year and Severiano, MtaraBy 
heart-broken, is- eye*, sur- 
prised himself by his achieve- 
ments this season. - 

“Forme it has been the meg 
difficult year oFmy IBe^ he 
said. Even now- when 
Ballesteros talks of .his latest 
success therecan be m doubt 
that this fiercely passumate 
man also thinks -of hu faiber 
and the tears wdl‘Up , : 

In 1974 JohnnyMUIer v wb* 
went on to win the . Opea 
Championship ip :197& wfcea 


ineace by leading .after three 
rounds, won- the 'ftst-Om 
tournaments on the -US PGA 
tour and he' scored ps^ ror 
better in each of his opening 
23 rounds drat seasou.“Tlris 
has beeo.st^ pf.rididdois, 1 ? . 
said Mflter. “I’ve got to. keep 
everything in perspective^ r 
Ballesteros is more than 



in perspective. Jtts his rivals 
who most worry as Ballesteros 
seeks to put .the .Kingian, the 






KB 


ii t->jj (i ■ i 

TfyTTTnffiili 


Bye (Inspector of Taxes) v 
Corea and Another 
Before Lord Justice Lawton, 
LonJ Justice Dillon and Lord 
Justice Woolf 
[Judgment given July 3] 

When doubts existed as to the 
proper way to charge a taxpayer 
on the profits of a transaction, 
then a tax inspector was lawfully 
entitled to make alternative 
assessments on him for both 
income fax and capital gains tax. 

The Court of Appeal so held 
in dismissing an appeal by the 
taxpayers. Mr and Mis Gershon 
Coren. from the derision of Mr 
Justice Scott {The Times 
November 21. 1984; (1984) STC 
113) lhat assessments to income 
tax would not be discharged 
notwithstanding that an alter- 
native assessment to capital 
gains lax had become final. 

The inspector raised four 
assessments on the taxpayers in 
respect of certain transactions in 
commodities: three were to Case 
1. Schedule D income tax and 
the fourth was an alternative 
assessment to capital gains tax. 

The general commissioners 
upheld the taxpayers’ case that 
once the capital gains tax assess- 
ment had become final then, to 
avoid double taxation, the 
assessments to income tax in 
respect of the same sums could 
not stand. 

Mr Justice Scott allowed the 
Crown’s appeal and remitted 
the case to the commissioners 
with a direction that they con- 
tinue the hearing. The taxpayers 
appealed. 

Mr C. W. Koenigsberger for 
the taxpayers; Mr Andrew Park. 
QC and Mr Alan Moses for the 
Crown. 


LORD JUSTICE LAWTON 
said that there was no suggestion 
that the taxpayers should be 
liable for both taxes in respect of 
the one gain. 

- The alternative assessments 
were raised because of the 


inspector's doubts about the 
nature of the transactions. He 
was following a practice that, as 
far as income tax was con- 
cerned. had long been accepted 
as the way to deal with difficult 

pacp^ 

The commissioners in their 
derision were in reality saying 
that once the assessment to 
capital gains tax had become 
final the Revenue was thereafter 
estopped from proceeding with 
the income tax assessments. 

But Mr Koenigsberger had 
accepted, rightly, that estoppel 
could not apply against the 
Revenue in this class of case: an 
inspector had a statutory duty to 
raise assessments. 

Moreover, the taxpayers 
could not complain that they 
had been unfairly dealt with. 
Once the alternative assess- 
ments had been raised the 
taxpayers had a variety of routes 
open to them by which any 
potential unfairness could be 
avoided. 

They had appreciated that the 
assessments were in the alter- 
native. the issue being whether 
or not they had been trading. 

They could have appealed 
against all the assessments. That 
would have been the sensible 
course but was not taken by the 
taxpayers. 

What could they now do? 
They could apply under the 
provisions of section 49(1) of 
the Taxes Management Act 
1970 to appeal the assessments 
out of time. 

The taxpayers had not been 
prejudiced procedurally by the 
capital gains tax assessment 
having become final and by 
having paid the tax under it. 
There were no merits in the 
appeal and it should be dis- 
missed. 

Lord Justice Dillon and Lord 
Justice Woolf agreed. 

Solicitors: Israel Strange «ft 
Conlon; Solicitor of Inland Rev- 
enue. 


Mattison v Beverley Borough 
Council 

Before Mr Justice Macpberson 
[Judgment given July 7J 
Refuse generated by the occu- 
pants of balls of residence of a 


university and collected by the 
council was not “house refuse” 


council was not “house refuse” 
within the meaning of section 72 
of the Public Health Act 1936. 

Mr Justice Macpberson so 
held in the Queen's Bench 
Division when dismissing an 


appeal by Frank Temperley 
Mattison. on behalf of the Hull 
University, by way of case 
stated from the dismissal by 
South Hunsley Beacon Justices 
of complaints preferred by the 
appellant against the council 
alleging that the council, with- 
out reasonable excuse, foiled to 
comply with a notice requiring 
them to remove house refuse 
from a ft all of residence. 

Mr Jariath Finney for the 
appellant: Mr Charles Cross for 
the council. 


MR JUSTICE MAC- 
PHERSON said that the case 
concerned 10 separate halls of 
residence where students could 
live. Each student had a study 
bedroom and occupied the 
room for varying periods of 
time. 

There were pantries for the 
use of students on each floor and 
dining rooms from which meals 
could be obtained. 

In the long vacation the halls 
of residence were used for 
conferences. In the short vaca- 
tions the rooms were empty 
until the students came back. 
For many years the council had 
arranged that rubbish should be 
taken away without extra 
charge. 

The relevant sections were 
sections 72 to 74 of the Public 
Health Act 1936. Section 74 
allowed a local authority, where 
refuse could not properly be 
described as house refuse or 
trade refuse to make a charge for 
the removal of refuse. 


Section 343 defined a house to 
mean a dwelling house, whether 
a private dwelling bouse or noL 
The justices decided that the 
refuse from the halls of res- 
idence was not house refuse. 

It was accepted that there was 
a double test for bouse refuse as 
stated in Iron Trades Mutual 
Employers Insurance Associ- 
ation Lid v Sheffield Corpora- 
tion ([1974] 1 WLR 107): 
namely was the refuse produced 
by a house and was the refuse of 
the kind which one would 
expect a house to produce 
occupied as a house? 

There was no contest as to the 
second part. The question was 
whether the halls of residence 
could be described as houses. 

Looking at the facts of the 
case and at the authorities, the 
question was whether the build- 
ings, individually, could prop- 
erly be described as houses 
within the Acl 
I t was not possible so to 
describe those halls of residence. 
They could not properly be 
described as dwelling houses. 


Man who applied ban seeks own win 


No golfer — not even Severiano 
Ballesteros or Jack Nicldaus — has cre- 
ated more headlines in America this 
year than Dean Beman. of the United 
States. Some observers would question 
the legitimacy of labelling Beman a 


American money-list with earnings of 
more than $223,000. Moreover, he won 


golfer, considering lhat his appearance 
in the Carrolls Irish Open two weeks ago 


The paramount occupancy of 
the buildings was that of the 
university since the university 
occupied the buildings simulta- 
neously with the body of stu- 
dents. 

Those halls of residence were 
quite different from houses or 
dwelling houses and closer to 
the hostel cases than to the 
others. A hostel had been held 
not to be a dwelling house and 
neither could halls of residence. 

The justices had reached the 
right conclusion and the appeal 
would be dismissed. 

Solicitors: Priest man Green & 
Co. Hull; Mr Roy Gregory. 
Beverley. 


in the Carrolls Irish open two weeks ago 
was his first in an official tournament 
for 1 3 years. 

But Beman. the commissioner of the 
USPGA tour, insists: “I'm a golfer. I 
might do other things and I might not 
know how good I am because I haven't 
played for so long, but the bottom line is 
that I’ve been a professional since 
1967.” 

In feet he has been recognized as an 
outstanding player for much longer. 
Beman won the British amateur title in 


One controversy 
after another 


more than $223,000. Moreover, he won 
the Greater Hartford Onen 

Bui in 1984 O’Grady was fined $500 
for allegedly calling a volunteer worker 
a derogatory name during a tournament 
in New Orleans. O’Grady denied the 
charge, then called Beman a “thief’ 
after Beman had deducted the money 
from his PGA accounL Beman's re- 
sponse was to fine the player a further 
$5,000 and suspend him for six weeks. 
O'Grady, who has appealed, responded: 
“You need a court order or the power of 
attorney to take money from someone's 
accounL” 

Tom Watson is one of several leading 
players who believes Beman made an 
incorrect decision by automatically 
withdrawing the money from O’Grady’s 
accounL And Arnold Palmer is con- 
cerned that if the case goes to court a 


hear too manyoF the- 78 players who 
each earned no less than $ 100,000 on 
last year’s tour criticizing the man. * 

Prize -money, . has. increased from*-. 
$8;2m to more than $30m since Beman > 
took over in 1 974. Bob Tway, winner of 
three tournaments this year, said: “We 
have a saying on tour - ‘just play better 
if you want something done’.” 

At present Beman is only, concerned 
with his game. He is an optimistic 
competitor, which he is entitled to be 
considering that in only six years on the 
American circuit he won four times, and 


1986: The year of 
golfs revival 


Federal judge might, given the opportu- 
nity. enforce changes in the structuring 
of the tour. 


Customer’s 
contract 
has priority 


Cambridge 

Tripos 


and Corn: L TSyan. Manchester Girts 
HS ana Newn: KC Toumazts. A 
Lanmon Greek Lyceum. Cyprus and 
Pen*; QRO- Travis, winchester and 
Down: CS Turk. Sun on cans HS and 
Selw: JA Turner. SI Albans S and 


Continued from page 27 - 

Ctaydon and Trim CP Richmond. 


Rep ion and Selw: GB HMg.g wy 


HS. Harrogate and Oa: AG, Robem. 
Barrow-in Furness SFC and down: PC 
Roberts. Broadway S. Cheadle and 
Fltzw: NOW Rouse. UWMMm 


Fltzw: NCM Rouse. Uppingham ami 
Chnsl's; LM Rumboid. "Marv** C, 
‘—aoKe and Selw: RN 


Derby and Selw; CBA Shaw, 
aynard S. Exeter and Newn: DQH 
ihaw. St Albans S and Oa: HC 


Shaw. St Albans _S and C3a: HC 
Shields. T rinity C - 
Anarew-s Tutorial 
and Cal: YC SIL Nat Junior, 
Singapore and Pesnb: I Smith. WMI— . 
S. Grimsby and Rob; AJ Songhurrt. 
Nunthorpe GS. York and Q»r- NG 
SneectUy. Tonbridge and ad: OT 
Steward. Vasaar C and Jes; CY Tan. 
Temasek Jun C. Singapore and Selw: 
HC Tang. TemaseK 


SFC. Cleveland and Qu. 

Ctt» 7 dhdrt — t PO Basil. Liverpool 
C and Pemh. JH Bishop. Malvern and 
Magd: RA Bradbuiy. K Edward's S. 
Birmingham and Sid: JC Caeiano. 
Baystde Comp S. Gibraltar and 
Christ's: CA Cameron. R Russell S. 
Croydon and Christ's; I Canunack. 
Kings CS. wimMedon and Emma: I A 
Cole. Chelsea S and Job: P Cooper. 
Birkenhead S and Pemb; M Dale. 
Col res S. London and Fltzw: J E r 
D eni. Eton and Trin- J P DrapWn 
Oundie and Com: S D EUB. Tonbrh 
ami Pemb: D J Fen. K Edward V! =. 
Chelmsford and Cadu K N Gasp. hub 
R d SFC. Cambridge and King's: A 
Gauie. Penlan Comp S. Swansea and 
Job; R J Graham Campbell. Eton and 


H K C Lam. Malvern and Sid: C L 
Laming. Ndlwidl S. Cambridge and 
Trtn: S K W Lee. Ack worth S. 
Pomefraci and Girt on: S K Lenihan. 
Saiesian C and Davies's C. London 
and Pemb: J R Liver. Shrewsbury and 

Sunlborpe ^Sd^Calhf O^dabboiC 
Hyxners C. Hud and Gin on; M A 
Mai [by. Cheaule Huinx s and Down: 
P j Mails. Brockiey Co Boys S. 
London and Corp. a MIgone. 
Benenden S and Newn: H MlnamL 
Tokyo Unlv and Job: SCR Munday. 

Langtdn Boys S and Joh; I £ 
. _padaIos. Umassoi Laniuon Gymna- 
sium and Trim N C Patel. El on and 
Down: D JPedley. SI (Have's and Si 
Saviours GS. Orpington and Emma: 
O C PlnsenL Radley and Joh; S H 
Simmons. Coiiingwood SFC. 
camberley and Girion: J M Sleeman. 
R Lander S. Truro and Chur: W H 
Stoddarl. Sedbergh and Qu: 


Sugawara, Tokyo Unlv and Sid: R 
Tdwnsnend. D'Overtroork’s Tutorial 
C Oxford and Trin. 


V O AdentH. Merchant 


TaykjrsS. Nonhwood and Pemb: t m 
D « M ewn c CSrton: 


and Trtn: A 1 Khan. Deane CS. Bolton 
and Trin: A R Kramer. Eton and Cta; 


Y cu. Manchester Business S ana Jes: 
C D Williams. Bradford Boys GS and 


NABARRO NATHANSON 

CORPORATE 
TAX LAWYER 


Wfe are one of the largest firms of commercial lawyers In London. 

Due to the continuing demand from our clients for corporate tax advice we are 
seeking a further assistant to join our Tax Department which currently comprises 

10 professional staff 

The post represents an ideal opportunity to specialise in corporate taxation fora recently 
q ualifi ed solicitor (outstanding September 1986 qualifiers will be considered). 

The successful candidate win preferably have bad good experience of taxation or company 
and commercial work, which will have prepared him or her for high lewl client contact, and 
will demonstrate a commitment to pursue a career in this demanding but rewarding 
specialisation. As well as challenging client work there win be the opportunity to participate 
in the publishing and lecturing activities undertaken by other members of the Department. 
Prospects are first das® and in addition to a staitingsalazy of at least £15000 (plus bonus), 
training and paid study leave for the Institute o {Taxation q ualifica tion Will be provided. 
Please write with details of your qualifications and career to date to Ronald Gulliver. 
Nabarro Nathanson. 76 Jermyn Street. London SW1Y 6 NR. 


Winn and Another v Burgess 
A letter written by a bank's 
customer giving “irrevocable 

K ission” to a source of 
s income to pay that in- 
come to the bank, pursuant to 
an indication from the bank that 
it would not proceed against the 
customer if he furnished such a 
letter, constituted a contract to 
assign future chores in action 
and therefore took priority over 
a subsequent judgment against 
the customer. 

The fact that the customer 
had previously, in breach of 
trust, paid to the bank moneys 
held for the judgment creditor 
i did not render the assignment 
inequitable, since the moneys 
: assigned were not themselves 
1 tainted with illegality or im- 
, proper dealing. 

The Court of Appeal (Lord 
Justice May and Mr Justice 
Hollings) so held on July 7, 
dismissing an appeal by the 
judgment creditors. Mr Chris- 
topher Elliott Winn and Mr 
Edward Oliver Jackson (acting 
on behalf of the Middlesex Coils 
Association) from an order of 
Willesden County Court (Judge 
Tumim). dismissing their 
application to make absolute a 
garnishee order nisi which 
would have required Wisden 
Cricket Magazines Ltd to pay to 
them moneys which the judg- 
ment debtor had agreed to 
assign to his bank. 


1959, the US equivalent in I960 and 
1963. and represented bis country in 
four Walker Cup matches. 

It is through his role as commissioner 
of the USPGA that he has become 
embroiled in one controversy after 
another. No sooner had the banning of 
Ballesteros from this year's American 
tour slipped from the top of the 
American sports pages, than along came 
the Mac O'Grady affair to stir the 
columnists into action. 

O'Grady played for a short time on 
the European circuit, with little success, 
but his fortunes changed in 1985 when 
he climbed to 20th place in the official 


YeL if Beman’s head is on the 


chopping block, there do not appear to 
be too many players eager for an 
execution. Only seven golfers attended 
their recent annual meeting in Washing- 
ton DC. If Beman's connections with 
the administrative side of golf are to be 
severed, then it is more likely he will 
take that decision himself. In two years 
he will be eligible to compete on the 
seniors’ tour. 

There might also be some concern 
about how the assets of what is a non 
profit-making organization can increase 
from $730,000 to more than $32 million 
during Beman's reign. But you will not 


finished rumier-up in the , 1969. US 
Open. He has entered the Car Care Plan 
International because the leading five 
players in the top 20 who finish among 
the top 25 at Moortown will automata . .. 
cally qualify for the Open Champion- 
ship at Tumberry the following week. 
Otherwise, they are not exempt from 
pre-qualifying. If Beman foils then he 
will attempt to pre-qualify alongside. 
Bernard Gallagher at Western Gailes. ‘ 

“1 played all four rounds in Ireland • 
and l fully expected to,” said Beman. 
don’t think about missing half-way-cats. 

1 think about winning.”lf 1986 is triily 
to go down in golfing history as a revival 
year -Jack Nicklaus won the; US. 
Masters and Ray Floyd the US Open — ’ 
then why should 48-year-old Beman be 
left out. .. -• 


FOR THE RECORD 


European Law 
correction 


In the European Law Report; 
ase 34/86 Count'd of the 




Case 34/86 Count'd of the 
, European Communities v Euro- 
1 pcan Parliament ( The Times 
July 4). the second paragraph 
after the subheading 
1 “Admissibility” should have 
read: 

“It had to be pointed out that 
the Court had already held in its 
judgment in Case 294/83 Pani 
Ecoiogistc "Les Terrs" r Euro- 
pean Parliament {The Times 
April 24. 1986) that by virtue of 
article 1 73 an action for annul- 
ment might be brought against 
the acts of the European Par- 
liament which were intended to 
have legal effects ris-a-vis third 
parties.” 













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Paul Martin reflects on the ‘alm^ 

Game, set but no 
match for the 
Wimbledon losers 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 8 1986 




SPORT 


RACING: PETOSKI TO CAPTURE PRINCESS OF WALES’S STAKES FOR THE SECOND YEAR RUNNING 


s«c:.-; n ^ 

-,...- .j. 

'•?... si 

Ur. 


* Rowe’s Colosseum, 
WnnUedon s centre const sa- 
lirtes only those of its gfadtutore 
wno survive And MMMP In 


10, 4-6, 6-3), as he did actta in 
the 1965 final. 

Of course there hare been 


who simdve amf coaamr fa their «,< ~JFZ.VEJr n , Deen 
final encoonter^A few aju for women 

England' flnalkh rehim l. . s ®*®* Christine Truman being 

««n»i hard- one. rimm-b b» fafnw u 


Balding’s Forest Flower 
can bloom again for 
Cherry Hinton Stakes 








; triumphant. Most, though, re- 

cen-e an imperial tfamnbsHtoim 
%' we doomed to oMfeton fa 
- trouts history. 


SH to %fr SSSEffiS 

v^TlF dier ^ er , hot ® 1 lust before her final 
5JL ^ he never badly ihmfB jn g , n mh, « er 

^ at least take fart WtonSnSyiSoSL 
"■5 “S* comfort in the list of s be was w mS 


roe, though her b^nry fa the 
final against Angela Mortimer 
has, her detractors suggest, 
become worse and worse with 
the passage of the years. 

One who might well have been 

champion, but for injury, was 
Vera Sokova, who died in 1984. 
Sbe tripped down the stairs of 
her hotel just before her final 
badly damaging an ankle. Her 


Forest Flower, that impres- 
sive winner of the Queen 
Mary Stakes at Royal Ascot 
last month, is a confident 
selection to give her trainer, 
Ian Balding, his second taste 
of success in as many years in 
the Pritchard Services Cherry 
Hinton Stakes at Newmarket 
today. 


By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

months ago. Now Lady j 
Beaverbrook's handsome j 
four-year-old, who wifi be a 
most welcome addition to the , 
rank of stallion, standing on 
the nearby National Stud at , 
the end of this year, is back ] 
there again trying to win the , 
same race in preparation for a , 
second crack at the King 


tennis thoroughbreds who' have 
also stumbled at the final bar- 
die, sometimes more »*mn once. 

Ken Rosewall lost fomr rmak 
spanning 20 years; Baron von 

Creunmlost three in succession, 
as did Fred Stolle. All losers in 


sbe was no match for the 
American. Karen Susman. los- 
ing 6-4, 6-4. The charming 
Czech had earlier defeated An- 
gela Mortimer, herself the vic- 
tim of a tom hamstring which 
would have led her to scratch 
were she not defending 


would have spurned just hours 
before. 


Bitterness abides 
for Ralston 




‘Photographers just rushed 


they shoved me aside Ban, John Bromwich. Serving at 
and trampled^ aU over ray bags 5-3, 40- IS fa the final set against 


and rackets,” Dennis Ralston 
says. He was beaten 6-4. 11-9. 6- 
4 in 1966 by Manuel Santana. “1 
was furious but impotent; it was 
the lowest moment- fa ray fife.” 
In retrospect, he bitterly regrets 
his self-satisfaction at reaching 
the final and lack of real 
determination to win. it at all 
costs. 

For Ralston, as for so many 
others, a reversal of that one 
match resnlt would have 
changed his standing in the 


game. Now Chris 


a television commentator and a 
college tennis instructor, he is 


"s coach, well he went no further. 


Still his success bred Vljay 
Armitraj, the Wimbledon junior 


unrecognized by Wimbledon's champion, whose family were 


hierarchy to this day. He has inspired to bn 
never been inside the members* Madras, one mi 
enclosure at Wimbledon (though Krishnan's- Ra 
he could have gone to last Ramesh, reach 
Thursday's reception with the finals this year, 
newly formed Last Eight Chib). - " 

Yet the winners' have all been r e 

accepted hoaorarily into the LdJnla a S 
ranks of the Club’s holy of jg q]q|) 

Ken Rosewall fa 1971, he- — — — — — 
came a unique exception. Kurt Some finalist 


inspired to build a court in 
Madras, one mile away from the* 
Krishnan's. Ramanathaa’s sen 
Ramesh, reached the quarter- 


Lewis’s sanctuary 
is dub tennis 


Some fade into ob- 


Nielsen has fallowed. The Dane scarity fast. Chris Lewis, of New 
reached two finals, fa 1953 and Zealand, found rearing the 1983 


1955. but, like Lendl did not final to be wmefMng of a enree. 


come dose to winning. A 
Wimbledon tide then, might 
have produced a Danish tennis 


though a cherished memory. 
Unable to live up to the vastly 
increased expectations, his tes- 


expiosion on a Borg-like Sired- nis has slipped to a point where 


ish scale. 


be declined this year to compete 


Who knows? Nielsen strikes at Wimbledon, where be wofad 
one as a rather sad figure -these hare had to play fa the qnafify- 


days, having retired two years 
ago as a Grand Prix supervisor, 
probably becanse he was just too 
nice to tame the likes of John 
McEnroe. Like many near 
champions, he would have been 
more successful according to 
Rosewall bad he bothered to 
become fitter, Australian style. 

Some players kept on tm i in 
vafa. Rosewall came so dose in 
1954 and 1956, had a toogh five- 
setter again John Newcombe in 
the 1970 final and at the age of 
39 “amazed" himself by getting 
through again, only to be dev- 
astated by Connors. 

Another Australia®, Fred 
StoUe, was nurturing his prod- 
igy, Mary-Jo Fernandez, aged 
14, at Wimbledon this year. 
StoUe lost his first final in 1963 
to Chuck McKinley (now ill 
with a brain tumour and in- 
ducted this week into the Tennis 
Hall of Fame). StoUe beat 
McKinley the fsUowfag year, 
but in the final ran into his 
nemesis, Roy Emerson (6-4, 12- 


ing event. ■ _ __ 

Lewis bad to be prised off a 
beach fa Australia earlier this 
year for a Davis Cup match, fa 
which be performed disas- 
trously. He then relinquished 
the world dretdt for the comforts 
ofdnb tennis fa West Germany. , 
Kevin Curren, a 1985 finalist, | 
is struggling to find the motiva- 


tion for anomer onslaught en his 
favourite surface, grass, here 
next year. 

Still despite the degree , of 
indifference with which losing 
finalists are treated here, all 
remain ad a mant that the 
Wimbledon traditions mast not 
be sacrificed. The old hands 
complain that many players 
think they are, fa Ralston’s 
words, bigger than the game, 
and show scant respect tor 
Wimbledon's glorious past. 
Clearly for these great Wimble- 
don finalists, the game on what 
might hare been their day of 
glory turned out bigger than they 
■ouldeope with. 



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, !ete iftcf and faded (clockwise from above left): 
Chris Lewis, Dennis Ralston. Fred Stolle and Ken Rosewall 


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YACHTING 

Passion’s lead 
on Barracuda 

Bob Fishery CastrcHteaf^ 


TODAYS FIXTURES 


■feiBSKSS 


tbe fastest monohull uracm nm 
50th round-ihc-jtiand 

™dftalf ^.ead Of ae fi ® m 


and a halt anena u. ■ ■■■- . f 


me 150 -mile firat nee ra ui C 
series from Cherbourg. 

We of Ihe smaller «nmes»« 

reeled time. . a 

The scries continues w’ 11 ' 


CRICKET 

ThW Comhffl Test maWi 
! (11 0. 90 Otffits (ninanum) 
gX&ASrrOtk England v IncSa 

BrHannic Assurance 

County ChEmpionsWp 
(110 102 overs minimum) 
CARDIFF: Glamorgan v Gloucs 
neoBY: Derby v Kent 
SSpUBlSSuW; Yorkshire v 

Ojj^FPOflD: Lancs v Essmr 
taUNTON; Somerset v Hampshire 
tH£ OVAL; Surrey v NOrthants 
JSfglDflE: Middlesex v Warwicks 
WOTCHSTER: Worcs v Notts 
OTHER SPORT 


Twelve months ago Balding George VI and Queen Hiza- 


09 uhi rreu some, au mis in were no* 

Wimbledon* Ground bear the ^pteJ defend.ng 

StiS^SLSSaSSU _forfiieSoI«w.fa«nily,fa|fe 




extras obliged to play a role drey its bononr. Another loser with a 


tale of woe was Baron von 
Cramm, who fa his 1936 final 
against the great Fred Perry, 

pulled a thigh muscle after the 
first game, which went to deuce 
10 times. He lost 6-1, 6-1, 6-0. 

The man who came closest to 
winning the title without ac- 
tually doing so was an Anstra- 


Bob Fallen berg, the hard-hit- 
ting American, Bromwich was 
beaten three times by desperate 
fail-blooded returns of service. 
Bromwich did not win another 
game. 

For every disappointed final- 
ist there have, of course, been 
two defeated semi-finalists. For 
Ramanafhan Krishmn, simply 
getting that far twice (losing to 
Fraser in I960, and Laver fa 
1961), made him a national hero 
in India. Perhaps it is just as 


used Bruce Raymond's ser- 
vices for Storm Star. Now the 
Kingsclere trainer has had to 
turn to a different jockey 
because Pat Eddery, his pre- 
ferred choice, is required to be 
at Chepstow to ride for Jeremy 
Tree, whose owners have first 
claim on his services in this 
country. 

Balding would probably 
have opted, in Eddery's ab- 
sence, lor Steve Cauthen. who 
rode Forest Flower when sbe 
won first time out at Newbury. 
But today Cauthen must be on 
Twyla for Henry Cecil 

So Tony Ives has come in 
for this lovely spare ride and 
in the absence of the other two 
I can think of no one I would 
want more to be on my horse 
because he is currently riding 
supremely well. 

My own confidence in For- 
est Flower is embedded in the 
memory of that facile victory 
at Ascot where she was always 
pulling double over her rivals. 
She has the beating of D’Azy 
on that form and I remain 
convinced that she will be able 
to outpace Twyla, having 
watched Twyla in action at 
Haydock and Newmarket 

Like Forest Flower, 
Minstrefla was also victorious 
at Royzd Ascot Her victory 
was achieved against colts in 


beth Diamond Stakes at Ascot 
later this month. 

Running for the first time 
for ten months, Petoski was 
far from disgraced in the 
Coronation Cup at Epsom 


Course specialists 


NEWMARKET 

TRAINERS: H Cad 89 wtanars from 388 
nmnara, 27.1%; M Stouta. SI from 328, 
155%; J SuttHtfa, 14 from 106. 135. 
JOCKEYS: 5 Cauthen 73 winners from 
509 rides. U.7%; W R Swtobum. 46 from 
349, 132%; T WHfiams, 11 from 84, 
11.7%. 

CHEPSTOW 

TRAINERS: H Thomson Jones. IS from 
47. 32 jB%-.M Prescott. 10 from 34. 2&4% 
P W^m 13 from 58. 22a. . 

JOCKEYS: GOuffiald. 11 whiners from 55 


rides. 20%; A Murray, 7 from 37, 1&9%; 
PBtEddery.il from 60. 1&3%, 


even though be managed only 
third place behind Saint 
Esiephe and Triptych, beaten 
a total of three lengths. 

A strict interpretation of 
that form gives Shardari, who 
was only half a length behind 
in fourth place, an excellent 
chance of beating Petoski now 
that he will be meeting him on 
51b better terms. But I believe 
Petoski may well have im- 
proved sufficiently in the 
meantime to counter that. 

Tremblant, another who 
was successful on the corre- 
sponding day last year, will be 
in the thick of the fray once 


the Chesham Stakes run over again. His quest this time is a 
today's distance. In my opin- second triumph in the 


ion Forest Flower’s was the 
better performance and she is 
napped u> remain unbeaten. 


Lad broke Bunbury Cup. 

My feeling is that he will do 
well if be beats the recent 


terms for an 8ft lengths beat- 
ing at the royal meeting. 
Patriarch was iff complete 
command throughout the fi- 
nal quarter of a mile of that 
cavalry charge and I doubt 
him being worried by today's 
distance, which Is a furlong 
shorter. 

Verdant Boy, Haber and 
Virgin Isle could turn out to be 
the most troublesome of the 
remainder. 

The presence of that fast - 
filly Orient in the field for the 
Hamilton Handicap speaks 
for itself. After explaining that 
he withdrew her from 
Saturday's Trafalgar House 
Stakes at Sandown because 
she was in season, Richard 
Whitaker said that he would 
not run Orient until she was 
all right 

A line through Treasure 
Kay, who finished third in 
that blanket finish at Sandown 
and second to Orient before 
that at Ascot suggests that the 
Wetherby-based filly would 
have won on Saturday so she 
must be followed now. 

Finally, a form line through 
Nisnas, who finished a most 
unlucky third in the King 
Edward VII Stakes at Royal 
Ascot three places in front of 
Highland Chieftain, but only 
amounting to about three 
lengths, gives Eddery , a good 
chance of winning the Welsh 
Derby today on Esdale, at the 
expense of Highland Chieftan. 

Earlier in the season, before 
a virus caused problems at 
Beckham pton. Esdale ran 
Nisnas to threequarters of a 
length at Kempton. With 
Nisnas winning at Lingfield 
before acquitting himself so 
well in the Derby, prior to his 
Ascot effort, that form looks 
rock solid. 



gg Kyverdale 
if : makes up 


for listless 
display 


Kyverdale quickly atoned for 
her listless 1 showing at Haydock 
Park on Saturday, when she was 
a well-beaten fifth behind Pe- 


M 



a well-beaten fifth behind Pe- 
nang Beauty, by winning the 
Wragby Maiden Fillies Stakes at 
Pontefract yesterday by a neck 
. from another Newmarket chal- 
lenger Homing In. 

Close on the heels of Polly's 
Song as the favourite headed the 
field into the short straight, 
Kyverdale struck the from at the 
furlong marker, and had to be 
kept about her business by 
Philip Robinson to just hold off 
. Homing In. The pair crossed the 
line a length and. a half ahead of 
That Certain Smile. 


Mick Ryan, who trains 
Kyverdale for a syndicate, was 
not present, but nis assistant, 
Joanne Banks, found it difficult 
to explain why the chestnut had 
run so much better tftis time. 
N SJbe was looking around her in 
the paddock at Haydock as 
though she had never been to a 
racecourse before, and was al- 
together listless.’' 


“Kyverdale took nothing out 
of herself at Haydock, and an 
hour and a half after the race I 
rang Mr Ryan and we decided 
that I should bring her straight 
on to Pontefract," she said. 


**iii 




The Ian Balding-trained Forest Flower, impressive winner . 
of Royal Ascot's Queen Mary Stakes, is expected to follow 
up in today’s Cherry Hinton Stakes at Newmarket 


Boot Polish put up a 
devasling performance in the 
Lin Pac Sprint Handicap, and 
now goes for the £12.000 Tote 
Bookmakers Trophy Handicap 
at Ayr a fortnight on Saturday. 


Joel’s dispersal sale 


The Princess of Wales' Royal Hunt Cup winner. Pa- 
Stakes was won by Petoski 12 march, even on 101b better 


Blinkered first time 


NEWMARKET!: 4.45 Bertie Wooster. 
CHEPSTOW: 3.15 Dancing Sarm. 


Jim Joel one of the leading 
racehorse owners for many 
years, is selling all his mares 
and three-year-old fillies fa 
training, at the Newmarket 
December Sales later this year. 

The 9 1 -year-old owner has 
made this derision because of 
failing eyesight and as a result is 
unable to work on the pedigrees 
or supervise the running of his 
Childwick Bury Stud, near St 
Albans. Ned Murphy, his stud 
groom, is also retiring, and Mr 
Joel feels it would be difficult to 
find a replacement. 

Mr Joel's breeding stock is 


some of the very best fa the 
country. Amoag the mares com- 
ing under the hammer are Glass 
Slipper, who has bred the (wo 
classic wianers Light Cavalry 
and Fairy Footsteps, and fa in 
foal to the Derby winner Shirley 
Heights. Fairy Footsteps, fa also 
in foal to another Derby winner, 
Teenoso. 

Jim Joel inherited the stud on 
the death of his father in 1940. 
He has won more than 500 races 
and over £lm in prize money. 
There are no plans to sell the 
stud, and he will continue to 
have horses in training. 


Only three of the 14 runners 
were without a chance a furlong 
from home. Idle Times was the 
first to head the pacemaker, but 
she was relegated to fifth in a 
tremendous finish as Nicky 
Con notion produced Boot Pol- 
ish to win by a neck from Af 
Trui. who was threequarters of a 
length ahead of Green Ruby. 

Another Ascot failure. 
Munaasib. who finished down 
the field in the Coventry Stakes, 
returned to winning form and 
initiated a double for the 
Lambourn trainer Peter 
Walwyn. and his jockey Paul 
Eddery, when he took the 
Spindrifler Sprint Stakes by one 
and a half lengths from 
Wensleydaiewarrior. Turin h. 
completed the double for 
Walwyn and Eddery. 


NEWMARKET- 


head tram Shuffle Code (8-11) (Bf. £13134. heavy, June 15. 8 ran). 
-8) hem Chkna Time (3-11) 41 in Royal Ascot's Chesham Stakes. MY 
away 5tfioM3(6fUBtetL. El 1463. Ann. Jaw 19, 13 ran ). TWYLA 
(inner from Rarely Irish (8-5) over course and distance. CAMHJE 
back 4th of 1 3 (£5353. aood to Arm, June 28). BLUE TANGO (8- 
2hasbw Moonbeams (GM1 ) b short head at Safisbury (Sf tnon. 
me 25. 15 ran). 

OVER 


Televised; 245, 3L5, &3S, 4.10 

Going: good 
Draw: no advantage 



CHEPSTOW' 


20 JO STEWART MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-O. £4.383; 71) (10 runners) 

101 ALASKAN rpamnarljidyeenertatooMCWttiin 9-0 WftSwWwn9 

ID* D BEm’EJ&EMGafflDLairiDS-oT. P Cooil 1 

106 3 BR0TNBtPATRi«(Alata^lLPMottSC R Cochrane 8 

107 4Q CHECXPOfNT (R Richards) G Britain 9-0 SCnttwiS 

108 44 (UORY FOREVER (USA) (Pnnca Ahmad Saknan)S Norton 9-0 J Lowe 2 

1t3 000 MA5TBllCNOW*u.(PrBrraflrRacefiorseOwnerB)D7hom9-0 MLUmmnc* 

114 NOftDAVANO (IGA) (A Babareii) M Jarvis 94) Thes7 

115 H0UNDIH(US« (The Queen) W Horn 94 W Canon 5 

118 t SANH-LLA SAM (USA) (B Taano) M Bjoo 0-0 PRoUhaonlO 

118 TRY MY HRAMOV (A Onre) H l«te <U1 „ , QTIlff°Vnn4 


5-2 Glory Forever. 7-2 Santeta Sam. 9-2 Brother Patrick, 6-1 Roundest, 6-1 Try My 
Brandy, 10-f Checkpoint 12-1 Alaskan. 14-1 others. 

FORM: BERYL’S JOKE (B-0) one paced 7SH 5th tt Domino Fra ®-ll) at Goodwooa tw 
mdn, £870. firm, Juno 10, 18 rent BROTHER PATRICK (6-11) looked to need further 


3.35 LADBROKE BUNBURY CUP (Handicap: 212,388: 7f) (16) 

401 111-200 TRBBUtNT (C-0)(K Abdula) RSrivffl 5-9-10 R Cochrane 13 

POSTORAGE (P) (P ChriSteyfM McCormack 4-3-7 (Bax) SCw8hm12 

HO m CMNH (P BiA) C Brittain 4-9-1 tt Roberts 16 

PA7RfACK (P mnflfiU) J Dunlop 4-9-1 TOuim4 

VERDANT BOY (D) (She*h Mohammed) M SMuto 340 - WR Suinbin 11 

FLEET FORM (Dl tj Mamakos) C Nelson 3-6-12 J Hold 5 

NORTHBOt CHIIIES (^*5 J S™») M Ryan 4-8-10 PRoWnoo 15 

QUAUTMt FLYER (B) (QuaBta* Bnneermg) K Stone 4-8-10 ThrasS 

YOUNG BCAJJ Boswd) L Cottrafl 8-89 KHBsS 

OCTOBBt (USAVD) (C Wackar IB) R Anraawvj 4-8-7 WCamn2 

BE BISUBWflfeCHaaffilJBawwfl 4-8-7- - — PCeefcl 

HABER IpR) (A Core) B Mb 3-63 B Thomsen 6 

STEADY EDME ID) IN Slbery) P Mttdwfl 4-8-0 Q Carter (3) 14 

KNIGHTS SECRET TOJN Westbrook) M H Easteftjy 5-7-10 J Lowe 7 

EAST DAY (D Rolt) E EkSn 4-7-1 Q A Mackay 9 

VIRGM ISLE (CKQ) (TENs)P Hasten 67-9 TWMbbsUJ 


Going: firm 

Draw: fri^i numbers best 

2.15 EBF MAPLE STAKES (2'Y-O: £834: Sf) (5 runners) 

1 321 ABSOLUTION CT (C K Brassey 64 StVMtanrtt 

2 3 AHYOWM E A Boh Ltd) C Nelson 611 RHBS 

4 MQHHP STAR (Mrs B Davis) R Hokfer 611 G DutfieU 

5 30 WCrtO LOVE (JSttKonOHO'Ntil 6-11 — ... PatEddaq 

6 0 FRES OUT (J dark) P Butter 68 AProa) 

4-5 Absolution, 5-2 Anyow, 11-2 Mere Lowe, 12-1 Mandlp Star. 25-1 Fires Out 


SWHfiMirttS 

RHBS2 

.. GDutfieU5 
. Pat Eddery 1 
__ A Proud 4 


Chepstow selections 

By Mandarin 

2.1 5 Anyow. 2.45 Eastern Command. 3.15 Bootle Jack. 3.45 Esdale. 

4.15 Aronacross. 4.45 Talk Of Glory. S.I5 Summer Garden. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.45: Kangaroo. 3.45 A! Kaahir. 4.45 Samhaan. 5. 15 Poussez. 


good. May 
4th to Cutti 
19 renL SA 


May 14. 15 rank GLORY FOREVER (8-111 beaten two short heads and HI when 
anting Blade (8-1 1) in Ascot's Covanby stakes (fif Group 3, £24928. (inn, July 1 7, 
l SAlftHlA SAM (9-0) neck rwner-up to Wuzo (60) ovot course and distance 
i. good to firm. June 28. 11 rank WASTER KNOWAU. (60) 7th. 
km GLORY FOREVER 


11-4 Patriarch. 61 Verdant Boy, 61 Beet Form, 61 Tremblant 161 Haber, 
Knights Secret 12-1 Easy Day. Ho Mi ChWt, 161 Fosterage, Vftgin Isle. 20-1 others. 


2.45 FLEUR DE LYS MAIDEN F1LUES STAKES (Dtv 1: 3-Y-O: S1JZ75: 
?f)(14) 


Newmarket selections 

By Mandarin 

Z0 SanteUa Sam. 235 Pagan Rite. 3.5 FOREST FLOWER (nap). 
335 Pamach. 4.10 Petoski. 4.45 Orient. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0 SanteUa Sam. 235 Pagan Rite. 33 Twyla, 335 Virgin Isle. 4.10 
Shardari. 4.45 Chummy's Pbl 

By Michael Seely 

33 Forest Flower. 335 Virgin Isle. 4.45 ORIENT (nap). 



3 00-0 AUSTIHA nPurchase) D Haytte Jonas 611 DWW«w(7)$ 

4 000 SABY RAVENNA fT Rosa) i. Cottml 61t IJodnsonS 

7 000060 CSULAGdedy Sott)PBaley 611 JSL. S Dawson 11 

8 DOUBLE TANGO (Mrafl Daw) HHoWar 611 GMfieU7 

ID 36 EASTERN COMMAND (USA) (ffrook Bkxxtetock ng J tXstiop . 

611 G Baxters 

17 OHM RWOLE K3 Chagowy) P Cote 611 M Lynch (5) IS 

8 02364 GLANGOTJlDJoneslH Candy 611 C Rutter (5) 3 

!1 HEWE WSS MADAM (M fisher) LCddrel 611 NCarfistel 


17 OHM 

18 0230-4 

21 . 

22 6 H0TTWBT(P McCaknom) P Walwyn 611 Paal Eddery 4 

24 00096 KANGAROO (M ft! McCaJmont) H Tnomson Jones 611 — __ A Murray 10 

31 026300 MRATABIE VBiTURE (Ventura Cham Pro Ud) R Akeluast 611 

S Whitworth 5 

34 0-0 NATIJA (Tad«WQd Ltd) PMaHn 611 AMeGtoneM 

36 0 PETRMYWMofnsofflG Balding 611 J WKamsZ 

40 006402 RAFFLES VWONJAp Mato) B McMahon 611 Pal Eddery 12 


S Whitworth 5 
— A McGlotw 14 

JWUamaZ 

Pat Eddery 12 


(Mrs A D Estanriie) A de Royer Dupre ( 


235 FAIRVIEW HOMES STAKES (2-Y-O: £7344: 5f) (6) 



4.10 PRINCESS OF WALES’S STAKES (Group It £28321: 1m 4f) (6) 

501 22011-3 PETOSWfC-O) (Dowager Lady BeavertJrtjcfc) W Hern 4-9-5 ~._WCbi«i 3 
503 010043 BABY lum TO (Un A D Estanrito) Ada Royer Dupre (Fr> 460 

S Cflutnni 2 

505 i waaa saSHBC WAW (USA) (WdsBUraMB WBs S60 BTtMHHMf 

506 2D11-24 SHARDARI (DJJBF) (H H Aga Khan) M Stoute 4-60 WRjWrtwnl 

507 106040 VOUCHSAFE ID) (Dowwiger Lady Beawrbrt»k)W Hem 4-60 B Procter 5 

510 314-1 TAMAQS (CXD) [Mrs HCarteme) H Cecil 3-60 W Ryan 6 

7M Petoskt. 11-4 Shardari, 7-2 Tanaos. 61 Voncheala. 161 Swank: Wave, ia-i 
BabyTurtt. 


7-2 Raffles VfrgWfc ^ M Gtmgwal. 61 Purity. 61 Frivole. Eamem 
mantL 161 Kangaroo, 12-1 Hoi Twist, 161 others. 


Command. 161 Kangaroo, 12-1 Hot Twist 161 

3.15 AVON HANDICAP (£1,371: 61X17) 

1 041-000 


2 0*4206 

3 10-0031 

5 wisj«a 

6 00303-® 
8 164000 



Pet Eddenr 3 
fani Eddey 6 
S Dawson 12 
G Daffldd 10 
Wldtuorth 13 


»4-ioWBama(7)16 
L*rg (7)4 


15-8 Slngtng Steven, 62 Mtek, 61 Pagan Rite. 61 Charing Mootteeams, 161 
Regency FBa. 261 Paris Guest 








Lterg (7)4 
G Baxter 8 
ohnsonll 
litter (5) 15 
euwy (7)9 
fOvtla(5) 1 
ICriOeS 
VKana14 
P KM (7)2 
N Howe 7 
Adam 17 

61 Ivory Gull. 62 Lucky Stands!, 11-2 Gershwin, 6-1 Oanca ^Sareh. 162 Wteidm 
ter. 61 Bootte Jade, 161 Duttinafre. 161 Concert Pitch, 16iEBndan, 161 others. 




33 PRITCHARD SERVICES CHERRY HINTON STAKES (Group III: 2- 
Y-0 fflBss: £25,776: 6ft (10) 


4.45 HAMILTON HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £5,808: BO (8) 


301 11 

302 113314 

303 1110 

304 421 

305 11 

308 243321 

307 M 

305 23 

309 1100 

310 02024 

11-8 Forest Flower, 61 Twyfe. 61 Minetrefta, 61 0'Azy. 12-1 Abuzz. 161 Candle 
In The Wind. 261 others. 


601 30-0204 

602 46111 

60S 001W 

607 0122-00 


608 010160 

612 13312? 

613 031000 

614 130-004 



166 Orient. 7-2 time Bid. 62 Chummy's Pat, 61 
Special 12-1 Sharpetto. 161 others. 


Trader. 61 Myra's 



Bidder. 61 Bootle Jade. 16! Dutuinafra. 1 2-1 Concert men, i*-t tauaon. to-i otnero. 

3L45 WELSH DERBY (3-Y-O: £9.416: 1m 4fX4) 

3 206 1 ALKASHR(USA1(D)(H AWWaUownJHTlionsan j3nee610«jAMwr*y 2 

6 2-2011 ESDALE (Hq (K Abdula) J Tree 67 rr -~ WEdtay 3 

7 12114-0 MTGHLAJC OhSTAW (t) Hunmssffl J Dunlop S-7 —GtfrRtwl 

B 32-3130 PLAO |A Oldrey) P WOlwyn 67 Pad Eddery 4 

13-8 Esdeia, 64 Highland Chieftain. 61 Al Kaahir, 61 Plate. 

4.15 ALVESTON MAIDEN SELUNG STAKES (2-Y-O: £573: 6f)(7) 

1 0 D0NNBJTS HOLLOW (0 TrawW HBeauey ■. »■*« | 

2 4 8LEEPUNE PDR BS>3 (Staepme Holdngs) R Haider 60 G Drift* l 

3 00242 ARDHACROSSffiF) (Mrs NShfeWsjJ Dougtas-Hone 611. _ Pet Eddery 2 

4 0430 DEEP TAW (A Wwccnjbs) R Hodges 611 j^- NIteyj 

5 008 FLOHETJL Broote) n Hoad 61 1 - — - Pate Eddery 3 

6 0000 MLLANDESE IR Warran) R Hoad 61 1 R Street 7 

7 30004 


11-8 Ardnacress, 64 SleegBne For Beds, 61 Sad Refrain. 61 Deep Taw. 
4.45 RIVER WYE HANDICAP (£2,750: 1m 2^(13) 

I 104-200 


Pontefract results 

Going: firm 



Final Amber, Prairie (hater. Unpac 
If. 11 ran. 15SL 4L 2%L 31. 2L P 
at Lamboum. Tote £7^0: E2.4Q, 
£1.10. DFi £11.16 CSF: £39.49. 


Henye VMiOm (A Proud. ii-8 lav). 
ALSO RAN: 7-4 Peipoda (5th). 8 Swinging 


5.16 (Int 2ft 1. 
owe. 161 )! 2.’ 


Lowe. 161 ); 2. Levigate 
2k 3, Arrow Express (Q 
ALK) RAN: 11-5 SWctly 


Gold (4th). 50 Grand Queen (6th). 6 ran. 
NR PWtstar. ML 1 Vil. KL ah hd. Sh hd. J 
Haktene at Katso. Tola: £11.70; £230, 
El JO. DF: £11.30. CSF: £62^6. 




BOWLS; Men s home international tour- 
^3wCTf B S3chest8r toumamant 

Ssafflvas 


I ran. NR. 

214L a. M 

E4.10: £1.40, £1.10, SZW. DR £1 230. 
CSF: £1764. 

3.15 (1m 41)1. MAX CLOWN 

11.1k £ fieri (S i 

taut: 3. Fto UfrdjD Cawy, 161). ALSO 
RAN: 11-2 Stop The Ctock.6JUtDwn Lad, 
8 Son W Absalom (Eft). 161 Fotavood. 
ig pwc Sensation j«h). SoifirtBrafia,M 
Our Anme (5th) 10 ran. U 7J. a a, 4L W 
Wbarmn a M ohg n Mowbro. Tote £fi.1ft 
P9.gQ . £1-50. £3.70. DR «4.11 CSF: 
£27.95. Tricast E239S3. Winner txxigltin 
for 1.250 gns. 

3j 45 (61) 1. BOOT POLISH (N 
Connortoa 61 Mavk Z Al Ttul (M 
Wtewrn. 61k 3. Green Ruby (J Wffiams, 
6Tk ALSO HAN: S S-feu Ifflton Brawn 
(4th). Tobermory Boy. 9 Keats (fith), 
Ybong Brass. 10 VaBey kOs. 11 Sato's 
Song, 12 stary UaoarB. Ra Ra Sri. ifi 
Reverie. 361 UfleTmes pth), 50 Cfaph. 
14 ran. nk. KL i*. 1L k J Writs at 
Richmond. Tote: £8.10; E2J0, £5.70, 
£2.70. DF; £4S30. CSF: SSZJO. Tricast 
£36343. 

4.15 (80 1, MUNAASB (Pate Eddery, 7. 


Smart Mart. 162 Giving it An 
Bostic Track, 16 Emfs Court 




Btandon). 52 ran. NR: Saau Ora. 2 
«L II. & S Norton at . 




CSF: £8167. Trie 
PtoGapot: £57JM) 


Edinburgh 

Going: firm 


4J)(7B1.FA1RGREEN(SP Griffiths. 16 
>i:2.0IOy*ten(AWoodE “ 

(E Guest, 261k 4. Top I 
ffichudson. 61k ALSO RAN: 61 w 
Court Ruler. S Banal Banzai, Tnceneo 
(Sth). Sweet E re. 10 Nfcky Dawn, Puncte 
Creak, 12 Copteca, 14 Peter's KKMo. is 
MarMte. 20 Bafidareen. 33 One For Tne 
. Ditch. Arras Lass (GthklBnn. KLhd.lVri. 

va, a. D Chapman at StiUington. Toe: 
£10.10: £230. £1.50. £750. £1S0. DF: 
£2440- CSF: £85.68. Trieasc £2L01fl 54. i 
Winnor was bought at to liOOjyB. | 


Hibble has 
day to 
remember 


2 424440 

3 000009 

6 410301 

7 0-92002 

a 0100-00 

9 3T3S-00 
11 12-0200 

12 4-30030 

13 004131- 
15 «MM3 
17 604410 
19 000/000- 



A0j54 1. JOHN RUSSELltS Mbbte,65 
ad_iLEacfcaraP**10ctfcw (J cgflttoan. 


Packm Pwfectfoa (J CaD 
Uafk-EdentRI 
RAN: ISTenasserim ( 

33 Musical Aid (SfrA. I 
FtoBaby.8ran.2L riik. KL2KL KLM 
at NewmarkeL Tote: £116 £1.00. £1 
£230. DF: £130. CSF:£A7f. 


430 ( 1 m) 1. CERTAH AWARD (A 
Mercer. 7-2t 2. Super Fresco (A Goran, 6 


Ik 3, No RestreW (R Urns, 5-2 favk 
ALSO RAN: 5 Bias Ahead (4th). Lady BriL 


2D Annual Event Clawson Thorns (Sth), 
33 Vital Step (fflftk 8 ran. Nft Auction Thne. 


Sieve Hibble. tiie Newmarket 
! apprentice, will always have 
pleasant memories of Edin- 
burgh. On his first ride there 
yesterday be gained the first 
success of his career when John | 
Russell a 5-2 on chance, scored ! 
an effortless two lengths victory 
from Package Perfection in the 
Levy Board Apprentice Stakes. 
The winner was trained by Mick 
Ryan,' who was also successful 
in the first event at Pontefract 
Hibble, aged 18, pushed John 


11-4 Samhaan, 7-Z Ta*t at Way 4-1 Lonmtop. 11* IntoittyOfficer. 61 
Tamtam, 12-1 Formidable Lady, Baric Parade, 161 Stonebraker. 261 others. 

5.15 PLEUR DE LYS MAIDEN BLUES STAKES (Kv II: 3-Y-O: £1,270: 
71X14) 


04 UtOL FtoCtMrs S Denea R Holdar 611 

06 ETTA'S Pgr (D Meteryre] ft Shadier 611 

00600 FESTtVTTY(T HotenO-Manir)) D A/btfltinoJ611 
00 FtVS OUARTBISpPBrseylLCClttrBfl 611.^. 
0 LOCTfiWffptoE Woro43m)GSal*w611..-, 

6 LYWSGHL (R Hendteson) N Kerncfc 611 

0M0 MAiffl£S VAlBfiVlE (Racegoers CM> Owners 


41 030060 


2JJ0(5f)1.GEWN1 FIRE (GDufflete. 4-7 
toL 2. i% Cri (Jufa BdWtor. 162R 3. . 

DWFffeii 

WrirmstePa DarJSwJW 
Bouquet (Sttik 8 ran. 4L a. 2J. 2J. Ik P ** ALS ° 
Febate at Melton Mowteay. Tote; £1.60: 

£l30. £1.10. £1.10. DF: £4^a CSft 
£5.82. 


S3 Vital Step 8 ran. {tft Auction Thne. n 10 Die, agea 18, pusocu ewun 

1KL llAji J W Wto ri. Russell into the lead two and a 

Ftahmond. Teas: £420: £1.10. £220. half fiiriones out 
£ 150 . DF: E13JXL CSF: £10.45. DBll lUTiOngS OUI 


nrieHR Holder 611 ADtcks(7)S 

Shorter 611 flffifs? 

-Martin) DArbuhnot 611 D McKay 13 

l ersey)lC0ttrBfl61t.. I Johnson 6 

telanJGSakfiM611..„. JWBtamsg 

rson)NKen«*611 RStreriM 

(Racegoere Club Owners] M MeCormacft 

6110Dnffidd3 
- KPowdreflS 
Paul Eddery 1 
— N Howe 10 
— N Adams i 
.- Pat Eddery 2 

. AMeSmell 
— G Baxter 12 



SO (1m 3)) 1. BRADBURY HALL (K 
Hlw. 61}:2. Brittent MU (GDuffiete.3- 


lav Kate is Best (5thk 12 On Tap (4thk S 
ran. NR: Man Brizar. Suncriut 1»i. USt 


Dartey. 61): 2. Britton'S HUB (GDuffiete, 3- 
1 rt-lav) 3. Chany tintre (A Mercer, 61 it- 
tw). also RAfit 4 Not A Problem (4th), 
162 Twidmam Gantoi (Sth). 14 Azusa 
fflh). 16 Lringg Lodgs. 7 ran. 1La4L %L 
B. K Stew arMatofi. Trie: £670; £a£a 
£2.40. DF: £940. CSF: ElBiffi. 

PtacepoL £27.15 


I Gemini fire, a full brother to 
Singing Sailor, swept hack to 
form to land the Old Course 
Stakes by an easy four lengths 
from Sky Cat 

George Duffield. who picked 


^ 7-4 Pousse. 62 Suranwr Garden. 61 Mogoar, 61 Etta's Pet, 


* ITie old wanrior Le Garcon 
U'Or, now 28-years-old, de- 
lighted the Ediburgh crowd 
yeslenrfay by parading before the 


NO LIVE T.VJ 






‘“The series conM«g 

75-mile race to Lyrainw I S f M ps(stFEH»stoweLTCk_ * -- . — — . — — :..'Z ” ' " 

dav. .... r - a - v— , ;^n» Varneomr pieT?ne^rEitffli)eni tage Group uTI»Dfl<Kron.ymy J |7^ ^ 

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nk.nk.PW 

£4.50: Et 4a 
£1536. 

445 (1m) 1. TtAFAM (tout Eddery. 11- 
27, 2. HaadBUi (A Murray. 7-lfc 2. Cent 
pi MyedlPai Eddery, 6n% Also ran.- 
9 Lajna® W 16 Mozart, 20 
Mentmooro. » Port W«sa pth), Swaatef 


sgp ! *Wte 


up a pnze of half a ^llon of «ce named in his bonotff. U 
whisky for landingpowering Garcon D Or. who started his 
homes treble here JaaMonday. racing career in I960 as a two- 


Cap«tn*M(4tffl. 14 Dole* 


(8tn}-6 
MtesS 

.Tote: S2J0: £1.10, £140, 
CSF: E®, 35- 


130(501, TRADESMAN (M Fry, 1M); 
2, Wacbree Bey (L Chamock. 61); 3. 


States. Goodwtrod: toffle Hrigm. Kmg 
George Smlses. Goodwood; Amigo Loco. 
Sewards Cup. Goodwood, Goorae 
Wan. 


whisky for landingpowenng 
home a treble here Iasi Monday, 
had Gemini Fire smartly out of 
the stalls and had time to look 
over his shoulder inside the final 
furlong. 

Gemini Rre was George 
Duffieki's 42nd winner of the 
season. 


racing career in 1960 as a two- 
year-old, ran in a 173 races, and 
was first pass the post 35 times, 
losing once on a disqualifica- 
tion. He gained five of his 
victories at Edinburgh, and his 
last win on the track was in 
1971 


TICKETS 

£150. £100. £75. £50 

01-437 5956 
01-902 1234 (C.C) 







SPORT 


THE TIME 0 TUESDAY JULY 8 1986 


CRICKET: NDSTOPPING THE DREAM MACHINE AS HE CLOCKS UP HIS 150TH CENTURY 


BOXING 


Another hundred and 


another batting 
milestone for Boycott 


Marshall 

proves 


By Peter Marson 


The machine that is Geof- 
frey Boycott was running 
smoothly at Acklam Park, 
Middlesbrough, yesterday, 
and henceforth this little 
ground will have a special 

_I . hi'rtnni 


place in Yorkshire's history, 
for it was here that Boycott 
completed another distin- 
guished chapter, by making 
his ISOth century. 
W R Hammond will have 
been the last among modem 
players to have made the 
assent to this rather special 
peak. Beyond lie E.H. 
Hendren ( 1 70) and J.B. Hobbs 
(197). 

As Boycott moved ahead 
yesterday, leaving Herbert 
Sutcliffe in his wake in so 
doing, Hampshire's Philip 
Meade appears as the next 
giant in Boycott's sights, 
though this can be seen to be a 
relatively easy target, standing 
just three hundreds away. 
After that there is a fairly long 
jump before he can draw up 
alongside Hammond, and his 
total of 167. But Boycott 
being Boycott and his ambi- 
tion being what it is. who 
knows, it might all be a thing 
of the past in two or three 
years time. 

In the matter of hundreds, 
his average since he made his 
first appearance for Yorkshire 


in 1962 has been consistent 
not to say to a degree, aston- 
ishing. at four per season 
along the course of 24 seasons 
to 1977, the year he reached 
his 100th hundred Over the 
las t nine years. Boycott has 
moved up a gear to average 
five, and last season he was in 
especially good order in mak- 


ing six. 

ft was in late afternoon, 
yesterday, when Acklam Park 
acclaimed Boycott’s latest 
feat in which he had hit a 
dozen boundaries from 263 
balls in a stay of 315 minutes 
and by that time he had joined 
in five partnerships as York- 
shire closed in on 
Leicestershire’s total of 314. 
By the dose Yorkshire were 
270 for five with Boycott 
unbeaten on 119. 

In the morning, Whitricase 
had time only to reach his fifty 
before Sidebottom moved in 
to lake the last three wickets as 
Leicestershire moved on by 23 
runs, and in this, an introduc- 
tion. if you like to a greater 
work later on, Sidebottom 
recorded a small triumph by 
taking eight for 72, his best 
bowling performance. 

Yorkshire had been slow to 
move off, and with the score 
12, Moxon fell leg before to 
Benjamin. Metcalfe was in 


good form, though, and his 
enterprise had been in the van 
of Yorkshire’s advance by 77 
runs in the next 25 overs. 
Metcalfe fell here, leg before to 
Clift for 44, but Boycott’s 
relentless march forward con- 
tinued and shortly he eased 
past George Hirst’s 32^31 
runs to become Yorkshires 
third highest run-maker. Only 
Sutcliffe (38.56 J) and David 
Denton (33,608) stand ahead, 
ft had been some day, then, 
for Boycott, Sidebottom and 
Yorkshire. 

Gloucestershire had started 
out in the morning 21 1 runs 
behind at 34 for three, with 
Wright not out 14, Bambndge 
5.- These two were going well 
and taken the score to 71 
when Bainbridge was beaten 
and bowled by Base. Curran 
came in here, and be was soon 

on his way, hitting a six and 
two fours in one over from 
Hickey. Curran’s aggression 
paid off, and overtaking his 
partner he reached his half 
century off 51 balls in 45 
minutes. 

At Uxbridge, Clive Radley 
called successfully for the first 
time for a long time, but in 
choosing to bat then became 
one of five wickets to foil to 
Small and Mcmillan for a 
paltry 33 runs. 



awkward is Witherspoon s 


customer 


By. Alan Gibson. 


pre-fight priority 

By Srikomar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 









;-a 

V ■ V ■ ■** aT 




Boycott: driving past another landmark 


Precocious Hick N? end t0 


enjoys tutorial 


Sussex 


By Marcus Williams 


W ORCESTER: Worcestershire, 
with seven second-innings trick- 


bin uppish off drive. Newport, a 
prolific wickci-iaker of late. 


sequence 

By Richard Streeton 


Patterson pace too 
much for Essex 


By Peter Ball 


as in hand, arc 36 runs ahead of dismissed Pick in his next over. 


Non i nghuinshi , re. 


caught by Hick at second slip. 


It was very much the case of but Worcestershire were denied 


lhc “Two Aitchcs". as ihe 
author and first-class cricketer 
Conan Doyle might have had it. 
at New Road yesterday — 
although there was no mystery 


a further breakthrough by ScoUL 
the wicketkeeper, and 
Hemmings. Scott, another re- 
serve enjoying his chance, 
scored a composed 38 before 


about the way the talents of Rice's declaration. 


Hadlee (76 runs in two hours 
and six wickets so for in the 
match) and Hick (74 not out 
including 13 fours) imposed 
themselves on proceedings. 

Nottinghamshire had begun 
the day 85 runs behind with 


Hadlee was quickly back in 
the thick of it. removing both 
openers in his first five overs 
before tea with Worcestershire's 
total only 26: but Hick, the 
budding genius, relished the 
tutorial with an acknowledged 


nine wickets in hand, but their master, off driving and hooking 


prospects of a substantial lead 
appeared to recede in the first 50 
minutes with the loss of Ran- 
dall. Rice — to a superb, one- 
handed catch by Neale at 
cover — and Johnson. 

Newell, however, standing in 
for the injured Robinson, 
showed admirable soundness at 
the other end in these trying 
circumstances. He reached his 
fifty in three houre. and proved 
the perfect counterweight to 
Hadlee. who. after a watchful 
stan. saw off Illingworth’s left- 
arm spin with a straight-driven 
six and swept four. 

Hadlee followed with some 
meaty on-drives off the seam 
bowlers, as Nottinghamshire 
overtook their opponents' first- 
innings score in the 70th over. 
The partnership was worth 97 
off 26 overs when Pridgeon — 
with the players' salads about to 
be dished up — finally pierced 
New ell's defence 

After the interval. Hadlee 
continued on his merry way. 
Newport was bowling to him 
with five men on the boundary, 
but perversely it was a catch by 
Ncaic in the inner ring that 
accounted for him after a firm. 


Hadlee to ihe boundary with 
power and precocity. 


WORCESTERSHIRE first innings 182(0 
N PnM 51: RJ Hadlee 4 for 24, K Saxeiby 


N PsM 51; R J Hadlee 4 lor 24, K Saxeifay 
4 tor 47) 

Second Innings 

T S Gurtts Ibw b Hadlee — ■■■■ 19 

D B D'Ofivatm b Hadae 2 

G A Hick not out 74 

ONPaMcHadtaebAfland 46 

*P A Neale not out 12 

Extras: (b 5. w 1 . nb 1) 7 

Total (3 wtas) — 154 

M J Weston. tS J Rhodes. P J Newport R 
K Wngwortti. a p Pridgeon and J D 
tnchfnore to bet 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-9. 2-26. 3-111. 
NOTTOGHAMSHWE: First tamings __ 

BC Broad Ibwb Newport 23 

M Newel b Pridgeon W 

DW HanoaH c Rhodes bfadtmoni — 34 

*C EB Rice c Neale 0 Pridgeon 3 

P Johnson c Weston blllngMirtfi — 15 

R J Hadlee c Neale b Newport 76 

1 C W Scent not out 38 

R A Pick c Hick b Newport — : 1 

E E H em mngs c D’OTveira b Pndgeoo 13 

K Saxeiby not out 1 

Extras (lb 16 . no 10 ) 26 

Total (8 wkts dec) 310 

Score at 100 over* 302 lor 7 
J A Afford did not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-32.2-106.3-115,4- 
133. 5-230. 6-257, 7-261, 3303. 
BOWLING: Pridgeon 21-3-57-3: tatehmoni 


HOVE: Sussex drew with the 
New Zealanders 

Sussex, who to eight matches 
with New Zealand teams since 
1927, have never beaten the 
touring side, were left a target of 
275 ii three hours and 35 
minutes yesterday. Their in- 
nings had just started when rain 
and bad light robbed the match 
of 55 minutes and ruined any 
chance of a result. 

The New Zealanders played 
their part in trying to salvage 
something from the game, which 
lost most of Saturday's play, by 
scoring rapidly in their second 
innings. They declared at 148 
for 4, after Edgar, the little, left- 
hander. made the only half 
century in the match. 

Green made the Sussex inten- 
tion dear by off-driving three 
fours in Barrett's opening over. 
The batsmen rejected an initial 
offer to go off for bad light hot 
play did come to a halt, though, 
when it deteriorated further, 
with Sussex 25 without loss from 
five overs. It went on to rain and 
tea was taken. 


18-4-47-1: Newport 21 -2-62-3: Patel 15-4- 
44-0; Wanton 13l-43ft mtngwofth 15-7- 
36-1. 

Bonus points: Worcestershire 4. Nat- 
bngttamstere 8 . 

Umpires-. M J Kitchen end K E Palmer. 


Morris dances to the 


Sussex lost three quick wick- 
ets when a resumption was 
possible. First Outfield dis- 
missed both opening batsmen, 
with Green caught at short leg 
off his glove and Standing taken 
low at first slip. When Imran 
turned a catch to square leg, one 
hour remained, but Parker and 
Colin Wells then stayed to- 
gether to the end without any 
alarms. 

Earlier the New Zealanders 
batted attractively when they 
resumed at 12 for one. Standing 
took two wickets in three Mb 
when be had Franklin and Jeff 
Crowe held on the legside. 
Edgar made some sparkling 
strokes, inclnding a straight six 
against Mays, the young off- 
spinner. 


OLD TRAFFORD; Lancashire 
(22pts) hi Essex (3) by an innings 
ana 22 runs. 

For tbe second time in the 
match. Essex's seriously de- 
pleted forces proved no match 
for the pace of Pat Patterson as 
Lancashire gained their first 
home Britannic Assurance 
championship victory over the 
Southern county for 1 8 years. 

Patterson bowled quite 
beautifully to take 10 for 89 in 
the game, keeping the ball weft 
up to the bat. his pace and 
hostility too much for the 
inexperienced Essex batsmen 
with their long tail to cope with. 
He had good support. A l km and 
Watkinson both chipping in 
with valuable wickets at the 
other end to ensure there was no 
lei up for the Essex team. 

Yet even the championship 
leaders’ weakened state did not 
account for their meek surren- 
der as their last seven wickets 
went down for 19 runs in the 
course of 7 overs either side of 
lea. In the match they lost 20 
wickets in 74.2 overs, a record 
which neither Patterson nor any 
life in the wicket could wholly 
explain as Lancashire dem- 
onstrated in the morning as they 
cautiously extended iheir lead to 
169. 


Stephenson, whose survival 
during Patterson's opening blast 
was a small wonder, showed 
commendable determination 
and appeared to have battled 
through the worst as Patterson 
rested only to follow a delivery 
which left him after the first five 
balls of Allott's first over at the 
Stretford End had cost 17 runs. 

With Allot t tiring and Patter- 
son out of action. Lilley offered 
hope for more substantia] resis- 
tance. He greeted Watkinson s 
off spin with two legside sixes as 
the fourth wicket stand pm on 
63 in 18 overs. 

It was an illusory hope as 
Patterson returned before tea to 
york Lilley. If that was a blow 
for Essex, a mortal one followed 
in . the next over as Watkinson 
found a spot to make one pop at 
Border. Fowler holding a diving 
catch at silly point to be 
engulfed by his jubilant team- 
mates. Their recognition of the 
dismissal's value was justified as ' 
die remaining batsmen subsided 
without a whimper. Patterson 
claiming his four wickets for 1 1 
in 19 deliveries. 


Jean- Jacques tune 


By Ivo Tennant 


DERBY: Derbyshire, with four 
second innings wickets standing, 
lead Kent by 153 runs. 

With bai and ball. Derbyshire 
atoned yesterday for their poor 
start to this match. Martin Jean- 
Jacqucs took eight for 77 in only 
his fourth Championship 
match, and John Morris, their 
talented 2 2 -year-old batsman, 
made his second century in a 
week. So the present as well as 
the future is set foin another 50 
runs today and Kent will have 
cause for concern. 

Jcan-Jacques took all four 
Kent wickets to fall in die 
morning, breaking a stand be- 
tween Ellison and Underwood 
which had realized 70 for the 
seventh wicket from 18 overs. 
EJlison. who played some very 
correct drives off from and back 
foot, reached a half century with 
eight fours, and Marsh made a 
useful 39. Jcan-Jacques’s figures 
were the best by a Derbyshire 
bowler For Four seasons. 

Gone are the days at Derby 
when the ball got up only stump 
high. Yet gradually the pitch 
became easier to bat an. Barnett 
and Anderson began with a 
stand of 67 before Christopher 
Cowdrey had the former leg 
before in his first over and two 


runs later Alderman cut one 
back that trapped Anderson. 
Thereafter. Morris took over. 


Edgar and Coney put on 56 in 
35 mi notes before Coney was, 
stumped as he moved down the 
pitch. Blain stayed with Edgar 
until the declaration 15 mJnates 
after lunch. 


Essex’s resistance lasted as 
long as Border was at the crease 
and no longer. Coming in to 
prevent a hat trick, he did so 
stylishly driving Ailott fin* the 
first of his nine boundaries. 

For the remainder of his 67 
deliveries he was hardly trou- 
bled. appearing to be playing in 
a different game to his col- 
leagues as he cut hooked and 
drove with consummate ease. 
While he was there, 
Lancashire's lead looked a 
comfortable target; Mancunian 
pessimists — a sizeable quan- 
tity — even feared that he could 
put the game beyond 
Lancashire's grasp. 

The support, however, was 


not up to iu Once again Essex 
got off to a disastrous start as 
Patterson extracted life denied 
the Essex bowlers to soften up 
the early batsmen. This lime 
Ailott reaped the benefit a* 
Gladwin and Prichard fell m 
successive deliveries, the latter 


DBWV 8 MR& Rrsl Innjngs 117 (T M 
Alderman 8 for 46) 

Second tn mnas 

■K J Barnett tow b C S Cowdrey 40 

I S Anderson tow tr Alderman « 

AHUc Marsh b Alderman _ 17 

J E Morrts not out „„ 124 


B Roberts c Hinks b Underwood 6 

G M*er rawed hurt 7 

1 C Mstpies c Aston o Dttey 19 

M Jean-Jacques b DUey 0 

A E Warner not out - 29 

Extras (b 4. to 4, w 1 , nb 8 ) 17 

Total (6 wkts) 2 285 

F4U. OF WICKETS; 1-67, 2-69. 3-147, 4- 
165. 5-231. 3231 


NEW ZEALANDERS: First tamings 201 
Second Irwungs 

TJ FranMhi b AHrhen b Standing — 23 

KR Rutherford Ibwb Imran 2 

JJ Crowe cGocftfb Standing 31 

*JV Coney st GouMb Mays 22 

B A Edgar not out 56 

7 E Siam not out 12 

Extras (lb l.nbl) 2 

Total (4 wkts dec) — — 148 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-3. 2-55. 338. 4- 
114. 

BOWLING: Imran 4-2-4-1: Reeve 8-0-11- 
O; Mays 20-4-63-1 : Starving 12-1-28-2: C 
M Wefls 8-0-28-0; Green 3-&-B-0. 


collecting a paireithersideofhis 
century on Sunday: an unusual 


century on 
experience. 


No sense Botham in 


~ SUSSEX: first Innings 75 lor 1 dec 
Second tamings 

OK Standing cCtowebCnstlMd — 13 
A M Green c Rutherford b Chatted - 24 

P W G Pettier not out — 20 

Imran Khan c Rutherford b Watson — 1 

C U Wells not out 35 

Extras (nb 2) — 2 

Total (3 wkts) 95 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-35. 2-38. 3-40. 
BOWLING: Barrett 6 - 1-35*0: Chatted 13- . 
3-27-2: Watson 9-2-24-1: Braoewefl 4-2- 
943. 

Umpires: N T Flaws and R A WNte. 


SsSSf*® 6 of timing Ireland 


KENT: Fret tamings 

S G Hinks c Roberts b Jean-Jacques 33 

D G Aslett b Jean-Jacques 17 

CJTavartcMarpiesb Warner 15 

N H Taylor b Jean-Jacques 9 

■C S Cowdrey c Barnett b Mortensen 23 
G R Cowdrey C Marples 

b Jean-jacqu’-, 11 

D L Underwood c Roberts 

b Jean-Jacques 19 

R M ESBon c Moms b Jean-Jacques 57 

tS A Marsh b Jean-Jacoues 39 

G R may c HU b Jean-Jacques _ 1 

T M AUarman not out — 1 

Extras (lb 9. w 11 , nb 4) 24 

Total (79 wars) 249 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-33. 2-«. 3-7G, 4- 
106. 5-117. 6-123.7-193. 6-222. 9-240. IQ- 
249. 

BOWLING: Holding 13-3-35-0: Mortensen 
20-3-50-1; Jean-Jacques 19-1-77-0; 
Warner 18-649-1; Mittor 9-1-29-0. 

Bonus points: Derby shine 5. Kent 6 . 

Umpires; b LeactMater and K J Lyons. 


By Michael Berry 


Cricketer Cap 


Quarter-finals 

*OM Wykehamists 157. Marlborough 
Btoes 157 lor 7 (Blues wto on tew 
wickets tost); -Fasted Hobtas 209 far 8 . 
Downside Wanderers 210 tori (A Bernard 
113 not outk Ounces Rovers 205 tor s. 
'Shrewsbury Saracens 155: Ctaar- 
tertrouea Friars 210 (H W right 84), X?M 
Matvemians 214 fcr 4 (M E Mrttoam 90). 
•Denotes home teem 


Glamorgan v Gloucs 

AT CARDIFF 

GLAMORGAN: First tammas 245 (H Morris 
98. M P Maynard 61 : C AWstah 5 lor 34) 
Second Inrangg 

D B PatAne c Russeu b Walsh 20 

H Moms not out 51 

G C Holmes c and b Graveney 23 

M P Mavnard c Walsh b Lloyds 43 

TT Davtas not out _ 1 

Extras (b 4. nb 11 5 

Total (3 wkts) — - 143 

FALL O F WICKETS: 1-29. 2-71. 3-140. . 
GLOUCESTERSHIRE: First tamings 

A W Stated b Thomas _T 12 

a j Wright c Holmes b Steele 55 

fRC Russes b Thomas o 

K P Tomlins c Davies b Hickey ______ 2 

Pfiainbndge DBase 24 

KM Curran c Maynard bOntong 118 

J W Uoytfa c wartay b Thomas 35 

M W AUeyne not out 17 

C A WafeneB&s* bOnteng 6 

•D A Graveney d Thomas i 

DV Lawrence c and bOraong 0 

Extras (lb 6 . nb 1) 7 

Total (85.1 0 *ers) — 275 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-23. 2-23. 3-28. 4- 
71.5-165. 6-247. 7-251. Mfifi.3274. 13 
275. 


BOWLING- Thomas 2B- 4-56-4: Hickey 13- 
1-58-1. Base 18-5-55-1: Steele 8-0-23-1; 
Omong 24.1-4-77-3. 

—Bonus pants: Glamorgan 8 . Gloucester- 
shire 7. 

Umpires', j a Jameson and R Juten. 


Yorkshire v Leics 

AT 4WP 0LES8B0UGH 
LEICESTERSHIRE: First Innings 

RACobbcBarstowbStoebottom 8 

JC Bakterstone c Jarvis b Sidabottom 3 
*P WBey c Hartley b 17 

L Potter b Jaws HI 63 

I iBow 1 c sub b Sittobortom 117 

P D Bowler tow b Sadebottom 4 

P SCsrtlbw bSdabonom 8 

tP WWtttoase c and b SnJetxxtom 55 

JPAgnewcmdbStoetiottiam 1 

Efofes few b Sdebottom — 8 

W K R Seraamm not out 3 . 

Ewmspjl.nb 11 . to 15) 27 

Total 314 

Score at 100 overs: 259 far 6 . 
f£Hi < ?E. W 2 CKETS; 1 ’ 1 2- 2-13. 3-42. 4- 
161 . 5-188. 6-196. 7-285. *237. 9304. 10- 

314. 

YORKSHIRE: Fret taming* 

G Boycott notout — — 119 

MO Moxon tow bBwMfltan - 8 

AAMaeaitefewbCWt « 

K Sharp cOe Freitas b Potter 31 

SN Hanley e Potter b Oft -w. 14 

t0 L Baksiow ratted hurt . — 6 
P Came* c Bowler b Agnew ■— • 19 

P W Janos not out — 7 

Extras (lb 14. nb B) .22 

Total (5 wtate. 100 overs) — . — - 270 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-12. 2-89. 3-178, 4- 
201.5257. 

Bonus points; YorkaWra 5. LeicestersMre 
UrnpFea: J H Hampshire and P B Wight 


Surrey v Northauts. 

AT THE OVAL 

NOtmtAMPTONSHWa First Innings 

•G Cooke Want b Doughty * 

D J Capeib Gray 77 

fi j Boyd-Moss 0 Feflham — 77 

RjBafiyb Doughty v5 

D J Wid D J” 

A J Lento not out 52 

R A Harper b Feflh am 12 

tSNVWatertonnptjjrt, fj 

Extras ( 06 . *> B- no Z| 

Total (Bw«*- 83 overs) — sw 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-13. 2-57. 3-79. 4- 

2. Northampton- 

Shirs 4.- 

Umpires: D J Constant and B Palmer. 


They came from Harare and 
The Hague to watch their 
favourite sons grace the hal- 
lowed turf of Lord's yesterday. 
Sadly, the English weather, on 
its best behaviour since the 
competition began almost a 
month ago. displayed a frustrat- 
ing sense of occasion to devour 
the afternoon session and delay 
the fete of the 1986 ICC Trophy 
final. 

What play was possible was. 
nevertheless, captivating. The 
Dutch bowled with great 
distinction as Zimbabwe found 
themselves needing to graft for 
runs on a greenish wicket that 
gave some profuse assistance to 
ihebowlers- 

Van Weelde. the Dutch cap- 
tain, justified his decision to 


bow) first by removing both 
Paterson and Shah in his first 


Paterson and Shah in his first 
seven overs as the ball moved 
appreciably off the seam: He 
might also have prised out 
Py croft before the rain arrived 
but Atkinson blotted his usually 
reliable slip fielding by spilling a 
low chance. 


Middx v Warwicks 


AT.UXBRIOGE 
MIDDLESEX: Flr« tontogs 

A JT Mite cMeMWanb Small 4 

W N aac* e MeMAan b Small . — _ — 3 

R O ButchW b MeMittan 13 

•CTRadteytowbSmaD. .2 

JDCwrto* & Parsons — ” 

S P &ftwSl? , to18."w 1. nO T3)'Z." 40 

Total (7 wkts, 80 ovws) 251 

Bonus points: MiMtete 3. Wanwcfcahlra 

3- • 


ZIMBABWE 

RD Browne van Waskteb Lubbers N 80 
G A Paterson c Visas b van Weefae _ If 

AHSftaheUtmannbvanWbatoe ~. 12 
A J Pvcroii e Scnoortieim b Lubbers 30 

*tO L Hougteon b Lubbers — 3 

AC Waiter run out . 59 

G C Wataca c Schoonriaim b Laferwa 26 
P WE Rawson runout — — 1 

IPEtotchartnotout 13 

E A Brandos bBaWwr — — 6 

AJTrafcosnotOUt ^ 0 

Extras (lb 8 , w 12 , nb Z) 22 

Tool (9 wkts. 00 overs) 243 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-18. 2-41. 3-93. 4- 
101. 5-170. 6-204. 7-205. B-229. 9-238- 
BOWLING: Btttirar 12-OW-i : van Weetoo 
12-1-46-2; Btenrtk 9-2-31-0: Lefebvn: 12- 
2-34-1; Lubbers 11-044-3; Vteoo 4-1-22- 

a 

THE TCTHEBLAHOS: S R AtWnson. R 
Ufmam. R Gonws. S Lubbers. R BteftfilL 
R Lefebvra, R Entrap. D VUee. tR 
Scboonbetan. P J Bwkor, *R yan weewe- 
UntpjrastPOgdenand Alranan. 


Ian Botham will play for a 
Lisburn XI in a one-day game on 
Friday week at Wallace Park 
whether MCC supply the oppo- 
sition or not (George Ace 
writes). A Lisburn official con- 
firmed yesterday that alter- 
native opposition will be found if 
MCC adhere to their derision | 
not to participate if Botham is 
included iu the Lisburn team. 

MCC raised no objections to I 
Botham's inclusion until after he j 
made derogatory remarks 
regarding the England selectors 
whom he referred to recently ata 
private dinner as “gin-slingingl 
dodderers'*. 

Lisburn, who are celebrating 
150 years in Irish cricket have 
received an assurance from 
Derek Scott, or the Irish Cricket 
Union, that future relations 
between the MCC and the ICU 
Or. indeed. Lisburn, will not be 
affected This was confirmed by 
Jack Bailey. MCC secretary, in 
London yesterday. 

Seven thousand tickets will go 
on sale for the match this 
morning and Lisburn will reveal 
the composition of the oppo- 
sition in a few days if MCC stick 
by their guns and proceed 
straight to Dublin for the three- 
day game against Ireland which 
starts oa July 19. 


Women draw 


The second women’s Test 
match between England and 
India ended in a draw at 
Blackpool yesterday after the i 
Indians had given England an 
impossible fourth innings task. 
After England had declared at i 
their overnight 350 for six. India 1 
baited till lea and declared at . 
(76 for two. asking England to I 
score 253 in one hour and 20 1 
overs. Understandably the En- 
gland team bailed out time. j 



TAUNTON: Sommer, nith of/ 
second innings wickets in hand, 
are 52 runs ahead of Hampshire. 

Much play had been lost to 
rain on Saturday and though the 
weather was better yesterday — , 
quite warm, with a pleasantly 
cooling breeze — the cricket, I - 
am afraid, was for the most pan 
desultory. 

Somerset were bowled out for-' 
231 before lunch, the damage 
principally done by Marshall. 
The damp in the pitch, of which 
there was still a good deal; made 
him an awkward customer, but 
then he is always an awkward 
customer. He bowled better 
than Somerset batted. 

In the afternoon Hampshire 
batted, you could not say siodg- 
fly. because they kept their rate 
up to three an over, but 
un excitingly. At tea they were 
182 for four in 56 overs. . 

Terry was out quickly but the 
score had mounted to 63 when 
Nicholas was leg-before. The 
main innings were played by 
Robin Smith, who scored an 
admirable 5a aggressive, just 
what we would, once have called 
**a good knock", and by Middle- 
ton who. bom in Winchester, 
was not in fact a collegiate of 
William Wykeham and Douglas 
Jardinc and Tony Pawson and 
all that lot. I had not seen 
Middleton play before. { think, 
certainly not a long innings, but 
the young man batted tidily and 
efficiently. 

Hampshire declared at 
5.15pm. 11 runs behind. It was a 
sensible decision and Somerset 
unless they- make a mess of their 
batting, wnll have to declare. in. 
turn. Somerset made a cautious 
stan to their second innings. 

All reports from Taunton 
should carry the comment "E 
and OE“- The scorecards, lav- 
ishly presented in a new. dull . 
and expensive magazine, are 
always inaccurate. So is the 
scoreboard, which appears to 
follow a different system of 
numeration: whether more ac- 
curate or (css it is hard to say. 
because half the figures are too 
small to be perceived by an 
ageing eye. 

The public address system has 
always been a Taunton joke and 
a recent much-hailed revision of 
its mechanism has reduced its 
quality dramatically. (And the 
baismen wear helmets, which 
often make them indistinguish- 
able. not zhat that is a particular 
fault of Taunton). These are 
rather grumpy reflections on 
what was not. on the whole, an 
unpleasant day. 

SOMERSET: First Innings 

N A Faftonb James — — - — 25 

•PM Roebuck c Parks b Marshall 33 

j JEHardycRA Smith b Marshall .. 65 


Tim Witherspoon gladdened 
the heart of Frank Bnmos 
supporters . when the Wond 
Boxing Association heavyweight 
champion, who is here to defend 
his title against Britain's No _1 
contender, puffed and Ww Sws 
way through seven rounds of the 
lightest of light sparring ses- 
sions with three opponents at 
the Festival Hall. BasOdoo 
yesterday. 

Boxing in a gym specially 
prepared by Bill Prerant, who 
has worked with 45 world 
champions, inclnding Rocky 
Marciano; Witherspoon, 
nicknamed The Terrible by 
Mohammad Ali, (“in that rug 
he's one big mad dude. He's 
teniNe") he looked just that as 
be patted and tapped at his 
sparring partners round after 
round. 

. The three men faring him 
Clinton Barnes, Tred Whitaker 
and Walter Santemore, 
(knocked out by Brnno in (bar 
rounds and beaten in tea by 
Witherspoon) all s eeme d tike 
long lost brothers trying to greet 
him. Witherspoon fended them 
off leaning back on the ropes and 
running round the ring as Bf the 
three men were after his money. 
Altogether it was not too edify- 
ing a show for tibe crowd who. 
. bad been (locking to the hall for 
the last three days to see 
Witherspoon training. . 

- Witherspoon is proving a 
popular attraction and the 
crowds watch him in silence and 


clap at the right moments. M 1 
just love It here? Witherspoon 
said. “People are so kind. If the 
United States blew up I'd live 
here-"' 

In c o ntr ast to .Brnno, who 
looks lean, hard- hod sharp, 
Witherspoon -appeared smooth a, 
and round. Clearly he has some 
fighting off tbe flab to before 

fighting Bruno. "They say yon 
have got to be fit to fight Bruno. 
I've been training since 
February." Witherspoon said. 

.His . camp do not seem undaly 
concerned about his sJogriss 
ness. “‘He's still got twelve days. 
He's winding ctawn." Prezant 
said. 

Witherspoon added: 1 am 
just iaegmmissg to ftd a little bit 
better. When f rest up for a 
couple of days you will be able to 
see a real improvement." Sack- 
ing fee after his sparring. 
Witherspoon continnedi “A lot 
of people get the wrong idea 
about build. It’s not' about baOd. 

If Brnno bad my ability then I 
would have to . be a little, hit 
frightened. I feel better than 
when 1 fought Laity Holmes. I 
•ras 219 then, I am 225 now. I ^ 
will beat Brnno in seven rounds " 
because I know what I have to 
do." 

Slim Robinson, 

Witherspoon's trainer, smiled 
and pot up his inde.% Gnger. ^We 
don't want to detour history. 
Your Bob Fifecsfmmoods.: was 
world champion — we don't want 
to spoil your winning ran." . 




L -;« 2‘ -- . 
r ■’ 


CYCLING 


i £225 

*eC»‘ _ 

I-V -■ ■“* • 


3“- “ ■■ 


the procession 


From John WflcochswvEvrenx 


ESSEX: First tamings 71 (8 P Paaaraon 
6 lor 46) 

Second tamings' " 

CGtedwte tow b AHott 6 

J P Stephenson c Maynard b ASott _ 20 

PJ PnchBTO b Alon — O 

A R Border c Fowler b Wattanson — 51 

AWJJtoybRntetean 32 

KR Pom cFsiftrotherb Patterson — 5 

tD E Easl tow 6 Wafldnaon . — 0 

I L Pom not oul 5 

T D Topley c Maynard b Patterson — fl 

■J K Lever b Patterson 0 

J H CWWs c Mahmson b Watkinson _3 

Extras (0 4, to 10, w 5. nb 6 ) 25 

Total 147 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-12. 2-1Z 3-65. 4- 

124. 5- 128. 6-1 28. 7-143, 8-143, 9-143. 10- 
147. 

BOWLING: Patterson 13-1-43-4; Alton 11- 
3-31-3: Mekinson 8-2-230: Wattanson 
9.4-2-36-1 

LANCASHIRE: First tamings 

G D Mendrs c East b Lever 86 

*G Fowler b CMds 21 

M R CtMdWKk c Border b Lever 20 

NHFairbrottwrbCWWs 3 

J Abrahams c East b Lever — 30 

fC Maynard c Bower b Topley — — 9 

t Foiey c Stephenson b Chids 20 

M Watkinson Ibwb ILFom 35 

PJ WAHottcKR PontbILPom 3 

D J MaftJnson not out 1 

B p Patterson c East b l L Pom 1 

Extras (b4.to4.no 3) 11 

Total.-. — ^ 240 

Score at 100 overs: 237 tax 8 . 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-70,2-128.3-137.4- 

137.5- 175. 6-177. 7-231. 8-237.9-239. 10- 
240. 

BOWLING: Lever 26.1-9-41-3: I L Pom 
182-2-68-3: Topley 29-667-1; K R Pom 
5-5-1 -S-ft CttaUs 25-947-3. 

Umpires: D R Shepherd and A G T j 
Whitehead. 


I V A Richards b Tremlett 12 

R J Harden c Parks b Andrew , — ...... 30 

VJ Marks b Marshal 19 

J c M Atkinson tow b Marshafl — — 4 

fT Gani not out — - 4 

CW Dredge b Marshall 5 

j Gamer bTtemlett — — 8 

N STayfcx b Tremlett 0 

EWras(b1,to4.w5.mjf8) 28 

Total (79 Overs) — 231 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-50. 2-85. 3-105. 4- 
174.5-191. 6W?!0. 7-212; 6-223, 9-231, 19- 
231. 

BOWUNG: Marshall. 21 - 7 - 495 ; Connor 
14-2-51-0: Andrew 18-3-58-1: James 9-0- 
34-1 :Tremletn 7-343-3. 

. Second tonihgs 

N A Felton not out . 16 

•PM Roebuck not out 20 


Extras (nb 5) 

Total (Owtal — 

HAMPSHIRE: First Innings 


VP Terry tow b Taylor — 
TC Mkloteon not out 


•MCJ Nictates towb Taylor — 

R A Smith b Richards 

O H Turner b Dredge 

KD Jamas not out 

Extras (b 4. to 9. w 2. nb 2) — 


Total (4 wkts dec, 69 overs) 220 

M D Marshall. T M Tremlett, tR J Pate, C 
A Connor and S J W Andrew did not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-7. 2-63. 3137, 4- 
180. 

BOWUNG: Taylor 14-2-50-2; Dredge 13 
3431: Gamer 6-35-0: Atkinson 31-34- 
0: Richards 14-330-1; Mark* 11-2-430. 
Bonus points: Somerset 3. Hampshire 6 . 
Umpires: 0 O OsJear and J H Harris. 


Pello Ruiz Cabestany, -aged 
24. one of the major forces in the 
recent revitalization of Spanish 
cycling yesterday won the fourth 
stage of what is becoming a 
.processional Tour de France. 
Cabestony caught fellow Span- 
iard Federico Echave five miles 
from, the finish and then 
dropped himoo the long haul to 
the finish, where had only two 
seconds -to spare over the Bel- 
gian. Eric Vanderaerden.- • • 

| The Belgian timed his effort 
too late and although he just 
overtook Dutchman Malhieu 
Hermans be was not satisfied 
with second place. Cabeslany 
had a much happier expression. 
He said: "That was the hardest, 
bui also the happiest, final 
kilometre of my life." 

The second place Of 
Vanderaerden increased h is lead 
.in the . Green Jersey . points 
competition, but it came at a 
cost One of his team-mates.the 
Dutch champion los 
Lammertink, fell heavily two 
miles from the finish when 
leading the pursuit behind die 
Spaniard -.and was taken to 
hospital -with agasbed head. • 

The - other members of ? 
Vanderaerden's Panasonic team 
looked exhausted at the finish . 
after lowing the huge bunch for 
most of the final two hours. A 
French rider. Regis Simon, had 
taken a 10-minute lead and it 
was only the efforts of the 
Panasonic . men which pre- 
vented him from winning the 
stage. 

One of the Panasonic team, 
Eric van Lanckcr. who won the 


Milk Race in 1985. said: “If we A 
have to work this ban) every to* 
day. we will have nothing left ‘ 
when we reach the mountains 
next week." r? ’ • 

The reason that his team had 
id. chase was dictated by 
VanderandmY demand to win 
the coveted Green Jersey. In 
contrast, the .battle for the 
Yellow Jersey Of overall, leader 
look a back seat. 

The overnight leader. Thierry 
Marie, passed' oil the Yellow 
Jersey, to his icam mate Domi- 
nique Gaigne. who won a sixth 
second time "bonus early in the 
stage to go three seconds clear of 
Marie on overall time.. This 
cosmetic change to the leader 
board was probably due to 
Gaigne wanting to arrive in 
Evreux with the Ydlow Jersey . 
because, he lives only .ten mflest.'f 
away, 

The top Colombian team, 
who began the Tour, with high 
hopes of success, lost anothei 
rider, yesterday, when the tal- 
ented Fabio Parra . was left 
behind 40 miles from the finish 
and abandoned the race 30 
miles later. 

RESULTS: Foorflixtags(Llevtn to Evrwx, 

152 (Tries): 1 ; P Rua Catasteny (Spj. 6 lir 
57 ntti OStaoc; 2, E Vanderaarden (Bol) « 


yj MW5 ? 

.lesre- 


Uiusdat 

Tgry iPO . 


.■Ar’r- a’ 


E scE&n- 

. '-iTw 

* = 'r *r.z. 

:«3« 

J". J £ 

A* 


57 mtai 05 Sac: 2, E V, 

2 sac 3. M Homans (Nethfc 4. J Ltattana 
r : 5. F Hosts (Ban; 6 . J Vsndonbrando 
: 7. J MuAor (Stwzta 8. M Gocnorffd: 
- Row^noU Ilf P Swvanhaagen 
(NBth), aRaante tmte. OSiar ptadngs: 13. 
S Roche (Ire), same tame; 19. G LeMond 
(US), same tjmo. 


Owraft 1. D Gtogne (Ft), IStr 57mtai 
I2s«s 2.T Marie (Frj. at 3 soc3.CMa(M 
pr). same taw *. L Fwnon (Frj. at 7 hr 
5. A Bortkie (Ft), at 10 sec: 6 . Y Madkrt 
(Fr). el 22 sec. 7, E Boyer (Ft), at 23 sect 
E Maechter (Swity at 46 sec 9. 
Vancteraerten. at 47 sec 10, Rocde,at5T 


GOODWILL GAMES 


Holding fire 


Ashford’s win is put into focus 


Derbyshire’s West Indian fast 
bowler. Michael Holding, has 
suffered a groin injury which 
prevented him bowling in 
yesterday's championship 
match with Kent, and he- is now 
doubtful for tomorrow's 
NaiWest Trophy second-round 
match against Surrey. 
Derbyshire's seam bowler RogCT 
Finney is also unfit 


Moscow (Reuter) — The 
world record holder. Evelyn 
.Ashford, of the United States, 
had to wait for photographic 
proof to be sure of victory over 
East Germany's Heike 
Drechsler. the sprint revelation 
of this year, in the 100 metres at 
the Goodwill Games. 

The battle between veteran 
and newcomer provided an 
exciting opening to the athletics 
programme at the games, which 


also saw a European record in 
the men's long jump. 

Miss Ashford, the Olympic 
champion, and Miss .Drechsler 
both clocked lff.91' seconds, 
0.15 see slower than .the world 
best, but a photograph showed • 
the American breasteit tfe tape 
first - '• : 

"I fell that j had 0&4eaned 
her but 1 wasn't sure- because I 
could see her out oflhe cbrnerof 
my eye." said. Miss Ashford ■* 


iNTr 


ERTreRmiNMENTS 


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336 4226 Mrryl SUVrp A 


ART GALLERIES 


Room Rod lord "OUT 
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prow 2 IS 6.06 8 30. An seats 
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vim IHrMtom- bookings 
wotromn. 


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THE SUNDAY TIMES 

MAKE; THEM - WORK. POR. YOU . . 



1 


St flab 


THE TIMES TUESDAY JULY 8 1986 




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into foon 


9.00 fiowswitii Julia Somarvffle 
and Andrew Harvey. 
Weather. 

&30 'ABo 'Alto. Rene and 

Captain Gearing, returning 
in meir stolen armoured 
car after an unsuccessful 
. attempt toWow up the 
train carrying the forged 
■ masterpiece to Hitler, are 
ambushed by the 
Resistance who mistake 
. . teem tor an ammunition 
• ' convoy. Meanwhile. 

• MonsieurAtohonsemakes 
Rene's wife s day when he 

. ; plucks up courage to ask 
•' for her hand in marriage. 

(r) (Ceefax) 

10.00 Miami vice. Crockett is 
■ ■••■■ smitten by the beautiful 

• Callieandrushe^lBcea 

mad buB to protect her 

from her violent husband. 
(Ceefax) 

IOJO A Soldier's Ufe. Field 
Marshal Lord Harding of 
Peteerton, the county ’s 
- most senior soldier after 
the Duke of Edinburgh, 

' talks about his life and 
career to military historian 
Dr Richard Holmes. 

1-MO Weather. 


Today’s television and radio programmes and Peter Davalie 


tOO Ceefax AM. 

450 Time with 

H^I^^Mnwtoodand 
NgRoteWeatherat 

“*55; regional news, 

’ ^iherand traffic at 6JS7 t 
ttyiSf and 857: 
hatonal and International 

■ sportat 
* -20 and 8^0; and a 
review of tee morning 
newspapers at 8^7. Hus, 
toe Junior and Aduft 

-iS2?^ 9ar “ nln a 

- • Jtchmarsh; and a recipe 
from Glynn Christian 
WO Ceetoklftao Ray school, 

- presented by Stuart 
Bradley and Elizabeth 
Watts. 

1030 Cricket: third Test The 

- x opening session of the 

. • fifth and final day’s play in 

thegame at Edgbaston 

‘ between England and 
indQL, introduced by Peter 

•1.05 News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore. 

. Includes news headUnas 
with subtitles 1410 
Regional news. The 
’ - come from 

..Michael Fish 1J25 
Ftngetmouae. A See-Saw 
programme for the very 

■triSSSikdiM. 

Further coverage of tee 

action at Edgbaston. 

.. (continued on BBC 2) 4.12 
Regional news. 


TV-AM 


8.15 Good Morning Britain 
presented by Anne 
Diamond and Nick Owen. 
News with Gordon 
Honeycombs at &30, 7.00, 
730, fooo, 830 and 930; 
financial news at 635; 
sport at 630, 7.40 end 
8.40; exercises at 635 and 
932; cartoon at 735; pop 
video at 735; Jam 
Bametfs postbag at 835; 
Gloria Hunniford at 933; 
trade union leader, Liz 
Syrnons.at9.12. 


mm 


cartoon enttfied Sky HMQ 
(r), followed, at 4£5 by 
another. Creepy Trip to 
. Lemonstrip (j) 435 Think 
of s Number. Johnny Bail 
with another lighthearted 
look at science and 
- number, (r) 

435 John Craven’s 

Newsroom] 535 We Are 
the Championa. The Play- 
off of the the intar-schooi 
field and pom competition, 
from Yarborough Leisure 
Centre. Uncoin, features 
Monkstown Community 
School, Newtonabbey; 
Largs Academy; and 
Peryrheoi 
Comprehensive, 
Gorseinon. 

535 Rod Harris Cartoon Time. 
A selection of shorts with 
■ ; romance as the theme. 

8.00 News with Sue Lewley arte 
Nicholas WHcheiL 
Weather. 

635 London Plus. 

730 Terry and June. An 

identikit picture of the 
notorious Granny Bag 
Snatcher focuses 
unwanted attention on 1 

730 Eesffinders. Dot puts Dr* 

- / Legg on tee spot and Den 
is heartened by the Queen 
Vic's regulars' reaction to 
his new acquisition. 
(Ceefax) 

830 Juliet Bravo. Kate's advice 
to her dry cleaning shop 
manager who has a 
criminal record creates 
more problems for him . 

, teat she thought Starring 
' Anna Carteret (ri (Ceefax) 

830 Points of VtowuBany 
Took dips into tee BBC’s 


935 Themes news headlines 
foRowed by Struggle 
Beneath the See. A profile 

of tee deadly puffer fish 
930 Donkey Work. A year 
in tee Dfe of a donkey 
1035 Cartoon 1030 The 
Day the Senior Clees Got 
Married To illustrate a 
lecture on making ends 
meet Mr Wbmer marries 
off Ms class 1135 Home 
Cookery dub. Choux 
Pastry Savoury, (r) 

1130 About Britain. The 

Northumberland viUage of 
Sieggyford prepares lor a 
• Christmas performance of 
Peter Pan. 

1230 Janae and the Magic 
Tgg^1310f^ ^ w- 

Drama serial about an 
Australian famBy during 
the Forties. 

130 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 1^1 Thames news 
presented by Robfn 
Houston 130 Tucker's 
Witch. The husband and 
wife detective team probe 
the mystery of the 
attempted murder of their 
neighbour. Starring 
Catherine Hicks and Tim 
Matheson. 

230 FamOy Matters. Cofln 
Morris talks to Susan On, 
a careers adviser, and her 
mother, a doctor, on tee 
problem of anorexia 330 


■J&y, 

Miles Kinston: Steam Days, on 
BBC2 at 830pm 


•Moreover... Miles Kington 
has an affection for the puff-puff 
that is chikHike because it is 
unquestioning. Watching 
TRAVELS WITH A DUCHESS 
(BBC2, 8.30pm), the first of his 
six Steam toys films, you 
feel teat it would be something 
like seventh heaven for him to 
emulate CeRa Johnson in Brief 
Encounter and get some grit 

In his eye from a passing 
train. You cannot establish a 
stronger or more 

anthropomorphic fink 
between locomotive engine and 
human being than to say, as 
Kington does tonight about tee 
passenger train Duchess of 
Hamilton: "Cut her. and she 
bleeds steam." If that is a 
metaphor teat does not worry 
you. then you wiB feel equally 
happy about looking through 
MUes Kington'S ecstatic eves 


CHOICE 


and seeing the steam engines as 
“great Victorian ham actors. 
They overact like mad. They're 
showbiz. They're sexy. " 
Hyperpole is me currency of the 
enthusiast and in this 
respect, Kington is a very big 
spender, between baoardrng 
The Duchess at Settle and 
quitting her at Carlisle. 

•Another enthusiast is given 
his head by BBC Television 
tonight Tom Vernon, whose 
FAT MAN IN THE KITCHEN 
(BBC2. 7.00pm) begins its 
second series. Ana very 
welcome it Is. too. Like MUes 
Kington, Tom Vernon has a good 
fine in hyperbole. It is not the 
English Channel that separates 
Britain from Franca, he 
opines, it is a chasm full of 


sauce-And such sauce ! Not 
for Tom Vernon the bottle of HP 
or Daddies. Sauces, like 
ideas or alcohol, depend for teen- 
success on the art Of 
distillation, he says. We do not 
however, see him doing much 
in the wav of distillation in his 
own Norm London kitchen. 

He leaves all teat to tee French 
cooks who get to work on 
coq au vin, fHcasee of Burgundy 
snails, perch in red wine, and 
pear Charlotte. Tom Vernon is 
caught so blissfully in the grip 
of framtophUia teat he can say 
without wincing: "Cheer up, 
you ontyneed ten eggs." 

•Music highlight: the Koenig 
Ensemble playing Schubert's 
Octet in F.D 803 m the City of 
London Festival (Radio 3, 
935pm). 

Peter Davalie 


Mouthtrap. Game show 
presented by Don Maclean 
335 Themes news 
headlines 330 The Young 
Doctors. Medical drama 
serial 

430 JafTW and the Magic 
Torch. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
noon. 4.10 The Moomins. 
Cartoon series, (r) 430 
Storybook Inter na tio nal . 
The first of a new series, 
an Indian tale entitled. The 
Lost Ruby. (Oracle) 435 
Splash. Magazine ■ 
programme forthe young. 

5.15 Star Choice. Horoscope 


Russell Grant, with Katie 
Boyle and Eve Pollard. 

545 News with Carol Barnes 
6.00 Thames news. 

635 Reporting London. BUI 
Wigmore confines his 
ffivestigations/nto 
properly specul ati on in the 
Docklands; and Michael 
Wilson reports on the 
- changing face of pawn 
shops. 

730 Emmerdale Farm. It’s tee 
night of the Wool pack's 
big domino match. 

730 Dufy Free. Comedy series 
about two couples on a 
package holiday in Spain, 
(r) (Oracle) 

830 Film: Oklahoma Crude 
11973) starring George C 
Scott ana Faye Dunaway. 
Drama, set ih the pre-Rrst 
World War Oklahoma 
oilfields about a lone 
woman's fight to keep her 
independent oil rig against 
the concerted efforts by 
tee local magnate to take it 
over. With John Mills and 
Jack Palance. Directed by 
Stanley Kramer. 

1030 News at Ten with Alastair 
Burnet and Martyn Lewis, 
followed by Thames news 
headlines. 

1030 A Change For the Better. 
Dr Jean Coope answers 
women's questions about 
- coping with the 
menopause- 

1130 HtoK Symptons (1974) 
starring Angela Pleasance 
and Peter Vaughan. Spine 
chiller about a young 
woman living In a remote 
Victorian mansion in the 
English countryside. 
Directed by Joseph 
Larraz. 

1240 Night Thoughts. 


635 Open University: Rabbits 
and Chalk Grassland. 

Ends at 730. 

930 Ceefax. 

4.10 Cricket Third Test The 
dosing session of the fifth 
and final day ot the game 
at Edgbaston between 
England and India. 

6.10 Whistle Test. Mark EBen 
presents highfights of a 
concert recorded last 
month at Ibrox Park, 
Glasgow, before a crowd 
of 60,000 people. Among 
those performing are 

, Uoyd Cote and trie 
Commotions; The 
Waterboys; and Simple 
Minds. Andy Kershaw 
introduces live music from 
the studio; and Ro Newton 
is at the Town and Country 
Club for a tenth 
anniversary concert 
featuring The Damned. 

730 Fat Man in the Kitchen. 
The first of a new series In 
which writer and cydist 
Tom Vernon turns nis 
attention to the culinary 
arts, (see Choice) 

730 Questions of Defence. A 
new series in which 
Newsweek defence 
correspondent John 
Barry, examines the 
history of Western 
defence policy since tee 
Second World War, 
beginning with the 
formation of Nato. Among 
those taking partin 
tonight's programme are 
Lora Franks, who was 
British Ambassador in 
Washington at the time of 
Nato's birth; and Sir Frank 
Roberts, who was with the 
British Embassy in 
Moscow from 1945 to 
1947. 

830 Wildlife Showcase. The 
first of a series of eight 
programmes featuring 
natural history films from 
other countries. The Norte 
Woods Lynx, made for a 
United States nature 
television series. Wild 
America, is the first, and is 
introduced by the maker, 
Marty Stouffer. The film 
shows the elusive 
creatures in addon as they 
chase snow-shoe hares. 

830 Steam Days. The fourth 
new senes of tee evening. 
Miles Kington, in six films, 
e nthusiastic ally sings the 
praises of steam 
angine5j(see Choice) 

930 FHm: The Getting of 
Wisdom (1977) starring 
Susannah Fowls and John 
Waters. The story of a 
young girl who is sent by 
her working mother to 
Australia's most exclusive 
girls' school, in turn of the 
century Melbourne. After 
an unhappy start she 
teams to live with her 
wealthy, snobbish 
schoolmates, and she in 
turn is eventually accepted 
through her musical talent 
and her friendship with the 
school beauty. Directed by 
Bruce Beresford. 

1040 Newanight includes an 
assessment of the 
Peacock Committee's 
recommendation that tee 
BBC should sell off 
Radios One and Two. 

1135 Weather. 

1130 Cricket Third Test 
Highlights of the final 
day's play. 

1230 Open University: Adult 
Literacy -Cape Verde 
Experience (1). Ends at 
1230. 


CHANNEL 4 


Z15 Thair Lordships’ House A 

repeat of test night's 


Radio 4 


of the day's proceedings 
in the House of Lords. 

230 Charmei Four Racing from 
Newmarket Brough Scott 
introduces coverage of the 
Fairview Homes Stakes 
(2.35); the Prichard 
Services Cherry Hkrton 
Stakes (3.05); the 
Ladbroke Bun bury Cup 
(335); and the Princess of 
Wales's Stakes (4. 10) 

430 Dancin' Days. Marisa gets 
to know her new friend, 
'Christina' 

530 Bewitched. Thanks to his 
mother-in-law, Darrin 
makes everyone think that 
his ideas are brilliant But 
tee charm works only 
when Darrin is in the same 
room as those he is trying 
to impress. 

530 Pets to Particular. James 
AUcock weighs tee pros 
and cons of buying a pony 
for a child; Lesley Judd 
meets someone with 
advice on the probtem of 
acquiring a pet Phis. 
Information on taking pets 
on holiday. (Oracle) 

630 Island. Life on a remote 
Irish island, filmed over 
two August days. 

630 1986 Tour da France. The 
fifth stage > from Evreux to 
Vliters-sur-Mer. Presented 
by Nick Owen with 
commentary by Phil 
Liggett and Paul Sherwen. 

730 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons and Alastair 
Stewart includes a report 
from York on the Church 
of England's debate on the 
ordination of women 
priests. 

730 Comment With his views 
on a topical subject is Jack 
Neasham. a social worker 
in Tyneside. Weather. 

8.00 Brookside. Sheila is 
accosted by Matty in the 
pub, and later, shocked 
and crying, is walking 
home, unaware that she is 
being followed. 

830 Moneyspinner, from the 
Assembly Rooms, Bath. 
Pensions, benefits and 
making your will, are 
among me topics this 
week. Presented by Alison 
Mitchell, with Christopher 
Gilbert of What 
Investment? magazine; 
accountant PauTSoper; 
Sally Hawkins of the 
National Association of 
Citizens Advice Bureaux; 
and Howard Stone, a 
lawyer. 

930 Film: Wonder Man (1945) 
starring Danny Kaye. 
Comedy musical about a 
meek and mild academic 
who has to take tee place 
. of his wise-cracking 
comedian brother in order 
to bring to book his 
brother's kilters. With 
Virginia Mayo and Vera- 
Ellen. Directed by Bruce 
Humberstone. 

1030 Innocent as Hen. A 
documentary about 
Scheme, a Glasgow band 
and their followers. 

1130 The Unrepeatable Who 
Dares Wins. Highlights 
from the late night 
alternative comedy show. 
With Julia Hills, Rory 
McGrath, Jimmy MutvUte, 
Philip Pope ana Tony 
Robinson. 

12.15 Their Lordships’ House. 
Highlights of the day's 
proceedings in tee House 
of Lords. Ends at 1230. 


On long wave. VHF variations at 
end. 

535 Shipping. 630 News Briefing, 
Weather. 6.10 Farming. 

635 Prayer (s) 

830 Today, nd 630. 730 

830 News. 645 
Business News. 635, 735 
Weather. 730, 830 
News. 730 Letters. 735, 

835 Sport 745 Thought 
for the Day. 835 Yesterday 
in Parliament 837 
Weather; Travel 
930 News 

935 Tuesday Calh 01:580 
4411. Phone-in 
1030 News; From Our Own 
Corespondent 

1030 Morning Story: Brolly, by 
Tony Sullivan. Reader 
Jenny Howe. 

10.45 Daily Service (New every 
morning, page 89) (s) 

1130 News: You and Yours. 
Consumer advice with 
Pattie Coidwed. 

1237 Brain of Britain 1986. 

Second round: West arid 
Midlands. 1255 Weather; 

1.00 The World At One: News 
140 The Archers. 135 

Shipping 

230 News: Woman's Hour. 

330 News; The Afternoon ' 

Play. Personal Effects, 
by Tom Gaiiacher. With 
David Ashton. The rickfie 
of a trunk, (s). 

430 News 

435 Soundings. Rosemary 
HartiU reports from 
America where the Anglican 
Church has had women 
priests lor over 1 0 years (r). 
430 Kaleidoscope. Last 
night's edition, repeated, 
includes comment on Lucy's 
Play, at the Traverse. 

530 PM: News magazine. 

530 Shipping. 

6.00 News; Financial Report 
6.30 Comedy Playhouse. 

Parachutes and 
Greenhouses, by Brian 
• Thompson. With Tony 
Robinson as the man no 
employer seems to warn 

7.00 News 
7.05 The Archers 

730 File on 4. Fertilizers. 

Boon or a beneTThe 
nitrogen cycle that could 


RBC1 WALES: 53Spm-&00 
ppv#l Wales Today, 635-730 Pad- 
des Up. 930-1 030 The Colleis' 
Crusade. 1130-11.45 News and weather. 
SCOTLAND: 830am-1O20 CTV 1 . 
1030-1030 Dotaman. 635p*-73Q Re- 
porting Scotland. 1030-1130 
Three s Company. 11.20-12.10wi A 
Senders Lite. 1Z.10-12.15 weather. 
NORTHERN IRELAND: 5JSpn>-&40 
Today's Sport. 530-&00 Inside IX- 
ster . 635-730 Rolf Harris. 1140-1145 
New6 and weather. ENGLAND: 
635PM-73Q Regunai News Magazines. 

CHANNEL 

938 Serame Street 1030 Suspend- 
ed Atoi 130pm Channel NBwswd 
Weather 130-230 CotfTtry Practice 
5.12 Puffin's PtaJOce 5.15-545 tore and 
Daughters 630 Channel Raport&M 
Crossroads 630 Magnum 93 0-1000 
BridesheadRevteted 1130 Hammer - 
House ot Mystery and Suspense 
1230am Weather, doss. 


IScartetandM 
■the 2000 Year! 

I Connections iM 
to Mrs O'Brren 1 


wreck the environment if 
not controlled. 

830 The Week in Synod. 

Rosemary HartiU reports 
on the conflicting views in 
tee Church of England 
during this week's meeting 
of tee General Synod. 

830 The Tuesday Feature: A 
Certain Cura for Lust of 
Blood. Vincent Kane visits 
trie battlefield of the 
Somme and finds about the 
capture of Mametz 
Wood. 

930 In Touch. For people with 
a visual hamScap. 

930 Writers on Blue Paper, 

Ten short stories from 
different parts of the worid 
(1) Please Forgive 14 b, by 
trie Chinese writer Zhang 
Xuaa Read by Barbara 

Yu- Ling. 

94S Kaleidoscope, includes 
comment on Porgy and 
- BessatGlwidaboume 
10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 
Unexplained Laughter 

S Read by Christine 
chard. 

1039 Weather 
1030 The World Tonight 
11.15 The Financial Worid 
Tonight - 

1130 Today in Paritement 
1230 News: Weather. 

VHF (available' in England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except SS^koOMD Weather: 
Travel. 1-55-230pm 
Listening Comer. 530>5J55 
PM (continued). 1130- 
12.10am Open University: 


Haydn (Symphony No 99). 

935 This Week s Composer 
Dvorak. LSO under 
Kertesz play the Scherzo 
capnedoso, Op 66. and 
the Symphony No6 
10.05 Verdi: Four Sacred 

Pieces, with Janet Baker. 
And Pater Noster .with Choir 
of Christ Church 
Cathedral. Oxford 
1035 Test Match: Fifth day of 
the third Test between 
India and England.Coverage 
continues on medium 
wave until 6 .30. 0th er Radio 
3 programmes transfer 
. . to VHF 

.630 French and German lute 
songs: Paul 

HiHieribaritone). Stmhen 
Stubbs (flutej-lncfudes 
works by Guedron. BataBle 
and Durant de la 
Bergen© 

7.00 George Lloyd: Martin 
Roscoe( piano). The Uy 
and the grasshopper, St 
Antony and the Bog-side 
beggar, and The road 
through Sammarkand 

7.30 Talley's FoUyatwy of a 
boathouse relationship. 

S /LanfonJ Wilson, with 
aytey MiUs. Jonathan 

Pryce(«1 

930 City of London Fdstivat 
part one. Koenig 
Ensemble/ Judith 
HaU<flute}/David Fuest 
(darfnet). Poulenc (Flute 
Sonata). Satie [Trots 


Beethoven (Leonora No 
3 overture, and Choral 
Fantasy). Stravinsky 
(Symphony of Psalms).. 
Tchaikovsky (Francesca 
da Rimini symphonic 
fantasy) 

430 Kronos Quartet Hassell 
(Pane Da Costa). Bill 
EVans (Rfl person l knew). 
Mel Graves (Pangaea). 

435 News 

530 Mainly for Pleasure: with 
Michael Berkeley. 

( Radio 2 ) 

430am Cofln Berry (s) 530 Ray 
Moore (5) 730 Derek Jameson (s) 
930 Ken Bruce (s) 1130 Jimmy 
Young. Plus medical questions 
answered by Dr BUI Dolman 
1.05pm David Jacobs (S) 235 
Gloria Hunniford ind racing 
from Newmarket (£43,000 Pritchard 


940 Letter from Banbury: by 
the novelist-playwright 
John Bowen 

935 Festival (contd): Schubert 

S in F. D 803) • 

arris: Philadelphia 
Ormandyplay the 
Symphony No 7 
1130 Bach cm the Lute: 

Maggie Cole 
(harpsichord) and Nigel 
North (baroque lute). 


(s) 330 David Hamilton (s) Racing 
from Newmarket (£44,oob 
Princess of Wales Stakes) 535 
John Dunn (s) 730 Moira Stuart 
Presents. BBC Radio Or c hestra (s) 
930 Flash Bang Wallop. Tribute 
to David Haneker, composer and 
lyricist ol 'Half a Sixpence" (cs) 

455 Sports Desk 1030 The 
impressionists. Ray Alan, with 
Peter Goodwright Dave Evans, 
Hilary O'Neill and Brian Cos hall 
1030 Skw Coaches (new series) 
Starring Roy Kinnear and 
Andrew Sachs 1130 Round 
Midnight (stereo from midnight) 
1.00am Nightride (s) 330-430 A 
Little Night Music (s). 

( Radiol ) 

530 Adrian John 730 Mika 
Smith's Breakfast Show 930 
Simon Bates 1130 Radio 1 
Road Roadshow with Janice Long 
1230 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) 12.45 Gary Davies (this 

week's Top 40 singes chart) 

330 Steve Wright 530 Newsbeat 


330 Steve Wright 


Prelude .Fugue and Allegro 
InEflatBWVOBS.and 
Suite In C minor, BWV 997 
1137 News. 1230 Closedown 
VHF only: 

635am Open University. Until 
.. 635. Art llhde and 

Kahnweiter Sales 
1035am Cello and piano. 

Melissa Phelps and 
John York-Debussy 
(Sonata), Barber 
(Sonata). Beethoven 


|SonatainD,Op102, 


Radio 3 


On medium wave. VHF variations 
between 6.35 and 6.55am. and 
between 1035am and 630pm (see 
end of Radio 3) 

635 Weather. 730 News 
7.05 Concert Brahms 
(Academic Festival 
Overture). Bruckner 
(intermezzo in D minor), 
Strauss (Verfuhrung: with 
Siegfried Jerusalem, 
tenor). Schumann (Novelette 
in D. Op 21 No 2: Richter, 
piano), Btacher (Variations 
on theme of Paganini). 

8.00 News 
835 Concert 

(contcQ-Geethoven (Piano 
Sonata In G; Op 31 Nol: 
Barenboim, piano). 


1130 Franz Liszt Chamber 
Orchestra (under Rate). 
Mozart (Divertimento in F. K 
138. and Divertimento in 
Bflat. K 137), Corelli 
(Concerto Grosso in G 
minor. Op 6 No 8L 
Mendelssohn (Octet in 
string orchestra 
arrangement). 130 News 
1.05 English String Quartets: 
Albemi Quartet Bridge 
(Three Idylls). Cyril Scott 
(Quartet No 4). Balfour 
Gardiner (Quartet in B flat) 
1.45 Guitar encores: Sergio 
and Odair Assad play 
works by Dowiand. and 
SergtoAssad 
arrangements of works by 
Rameau 

2.15 Cleveland Orchestra 
(under Jackson), with 
Joela Jonas (piano). 


Iga) 545 Bruno 
at 630 a new Top 40 
730 Muriel Gray 
ters' Diary 10.00- 


incTjohn Waiters' Diary iaoo- 

12.00 John Peel (3). 

WOULD SERVICE 

6.00 Newsdesk BJ0 Counterpoint 730 
News 7JJ3 Twenty- Four Hours 730 
Putting Politics fei its Place 745 hi the 
Cage silO News 6J» Reflections 8.15 
Japan Walks 830 Aspects of Uszt 930 
News 939 Review of British Press 9.15 
The World Today 030 Financial News 
940 Look Ahead 945 Whet's New 1030 
News 10.01 Discovery 1130 News 1139 
News About Britan 11.15 Sportsworid 
1130 Journey through Law America 

12.00 Radio Newsreel 12.15 A 
Placeman's Lot 12-45 Spoils Roundup 
130 News 139 Twenty-Pour Hows 130 
In the Cam 145 Sportsworid 230 
Outlook £45 Pied Piper 330 Redo 
Newsreel 3.15 A Jody Good Show 430 


REGIONAL TELEVISION VARIATIONS 


TYNE TCES SHSa* 

atonal News 930 Sesame Street 
1025 Rock of the Seventies 1 130 Jud 
Goes on Holiday 1735-1 130 Car- 
toon Time 1.20pm Regional News 135 
Loofaraund 13O4L30 Simon and Si- 
mon &1544S Whose Baby? 630 North- 
ern Life 635730 Crossroads 830 
Quincy 930-1030 Brideshead RevttBd 
1130 Stones m the Park 1230 Al- 
most Forgotten 12.10am Ctote. 


I4TV UlFCTULDHdanB- 
n 1 X . jy.teSL.1 cept 9.25am HTV 
News 930 Struggle 9-50 Start Story 
Theatre 1030 Working Alternatives 1045 
Paint Along wNfi Nancy 11.10-1130 
Everyday China 130 HTV News 130230 
The Baron 5.15-645 Me and My GH 
630 HTV News 635 Crossroads 730- 
730 Emmerdela Farm 830 Magnum 
930-1030 Brideshead Revtstted 1130 
Man In a SuHcase 1230 WSethar. 

Close. 



635 Wales at Six. 


:As HTV West 
■ except 630pm- 


poveemana Lot apons nounuu 
130 News 139 Twenty-Four Hours 1-M 
In the Cam 145 Sportsworid 230 
Outlook £45 Pied Ptoer 330 Redo 
Newsreel 3.15 A Jody Good Show 430 
News 439 Commentary 4.15 Omribus 
545 Sports Roundup 745 Report on 
Return 630 News 839 TwontyFov 
Houre 630 Omntous 930 News 931 On 
the Box 9.10 Book Choice 9.15 Concert 
Han 1030 News 1039 The World Today 
1035 Latter from Scotland 1030 Flnancftfl 
News 1040 Reflections 1045 Sports 
Roundup 11J» News 1139 Commareare 
11.1SOH the Beaten Track 1130 A 
Pol iceman's Lot 1230 News 1239 News 
About Bntam 12.15 Radrn Newsreel 1230 
Omnibus 130 News 131 Outlook 130 
Report on Ratoon 145 Country Style 
230 News 239 Review of the British 
Press 2.15 Tenor and Baritone 230 The 
Glasshouse 330 News 339 News About 
Bntain 3.15 The Worid Today 445 
Reflections 430 Financial News 530 
News 539 Twenty-FOur Hours 545 The 
World Today, AH txnes to GMT. 

GRAMPIAN 

Thing 930 Once Upon a 
Time .. . Man 1025 Sesame Street 1099 
Start Skxy Theatre 11.15-1130 Ihe 
Smurfs I230pm-l30 Gardening Tana 
130 North News 130 FamHy Theatra 
5.16 EmmeitWe Farm 630 North TonigM 
and Weather 635 Crossroads 730- 
7JO Mb and My Git ILB0 Hotel SM- 
1000 Brideshead Revisitad 1130 
Stones m the Park 1200 News and 
Whether 1235am Close. 

border^SSSSS*, 

1025 Snaggiepuss 1035 Robasfory 
1130 Once Upon a Time. . .Manll-25- 
1130 Max the 2000 Year Old Mouse 
I30pm-130 Border News 330430 
Sons and Daughters 5.15545 Me 
end My Gri 630 Lookareund Tuesday 
&3s-7O0Cr 


ciimsss, 

busters 930 FOm: On the Fiddle 
(1961) (Sean Connery) 1135-1130 Home 
Cookery Cfeib 1230pm- 130 Garden- 
ing Tana 130 Central News 130-230 Af- 
ternoon Playhouse 5.15-545 Who's 
The Boss? 630 Crossroads 635 Central 
News 730-730 Emmerdale Farm 
630 Magnum 930-1030 Brideshead Re- 
visited 1130 Stones in the Par* 

1230 Close totowad by Central 
Jobflnder. 


635-730 Crossroads 930 Hotel 
930-1030 Brideshead Revisited 1130 
When The Music's Over 1230 
Weather, Close. 




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TUESDAY JULY 8 1986 


English slump 
opens way 
to fine finish 


SPORT 


By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 


EDGBASTOS: England, with 
anc second-innings wicket in 
hand, lead India nr 231 runs. 

There could be a good finish 
10 the third Test match, 
sponsored by Comhifl. today, 
with India needing 240 or 
thereabouts to become the 
first side visiting England to 
win all the three Tests of a 
three-match series. Yesterday 
England, batting with now 
familiar lack of success, made 
231 for nine, losing the last six 
of these wickets for 79 runs. 

England's previous 15 in- 
nings having lasted, on aver- 
age. for only 72 overs each, 
there was no reason for ex- 
pecting with any confidence 
that they would survive 
vesterday’s 90 overs. The 
pitch, also, was unpredictable, 
though that is forgiveabJe 
enough on the fourth day of a 
Test match. It was really much 
the same as when India were 
batting on Saturday, and they 
were in no great trouble. 

But England did not have as 
effective a bowler then as 
Chetan Sharma. the 20-year- 
old Haryana hurricane, who 
now took five for 56 in 22 
overs. He is the vegetarian 
nephew of Yashpal Sharma. 
who came to England on 
India's last two lours as a 
batsman. Chetan bustles in 
and puts everything he has 
into his bowling 

The batsman never quite 
knows where the next ball is 
going: nor. I rather think, does 


SHOOTING 

Desk man 
makes 
top score 

By Our Rifle Shooting 
Correspondent 

Lt Commander Brian Witts, 
secretary of the Royal Navy 
Rifle Association, escaped 
from his administrative work 
at the Combined Services 
Rifle Meeting at Bisley yester- 
day long enough to make top 
individual score in an impor- 
tant event. 

Shooting for Portsmouth 
Command in the Air Com- 
mand Cup long range match 
he made top score of94 out of 
100. 

In the Army events Lt 
Colonel Larry Orpen-Smellie, 
a retired Parachute Regiment 
officer, won the Bisley Cup in 
the short range match. 

RESULTS; Royal Navy: Bistay Cup (300 
and 600 yards); 1. Portsmouth. 877; 2. Air 
Command. 858; 3. Plymouth. 797. IndhrU- 
uat CPO N Bal (Aid 97. Gemral*s Cup 
(SR): i. Air. 1.068: 2. Portsmouth. 1.01Z;3. i 
Plymouth. 960. Individual: PO C Prtrett | 
(Portsmouth). 93. Trottar Cup (SR): 1. Air. 
1.328; JLPlymouth. 1.188; 3. Portsmouth. 
1,120. MdMdUBlr PrtvBtt. 152. 

Air C ow— id Cap (900 and 1.000 yawMc I 
1, Arr. 064; Z. Portsmouth. 857: 3. 
Plymouth. 850. hufiyMuafc Lt Cdr B Witts 
(Portsmouth). 94. Army: Botev Cup (short 
range); 1. Lt Col H J Orpen-SmeVie (Lata 
Para). 140; 2. 2nd U N Crawshaw (Royal 
Anglian). 144; a Capt R J Hare (Royal 
Anglian). 142. Northamptonshaa Cup 
(SR): 2/2 Gfl. 3794. Wastem Command 
Cup (SR): LtgM Dtvistan Depot 1940. 
Royal Angfian Cpp (moving target); 1.GG. 
3794 .RAR Turner Cup (petal warns); 1. 
15 Squadron RAF Regiment 429; 2. 27 
Squadron. Marham. 4T4; 3,11 Squadron. I 
RAF Reganent, 409. Ftying Trwrjltw Cup 
(Pistol teams): i. Linton-on-Ouse. ®7: 2. 
Cranwcril. 331; 3. Unton-on-Ouso B. 301. 


Sharma. But he has a knack of 
taking good wickets, even on 
the easiest of Indian pitches. 
In two Test matches this 
scries - he was missing at 
Headingley — he has dis- 
missed Gower and Gatling 
three times each, Gooch twice 
and Lamb once: yet there 
looks to be nothing of him. 


on course for a declaration 
early today, if not overnight. 
But after Gooch was out -- he 
appeared unlucky to me. the 
toll having a strong leg-side 
look about it — Athey. surviv- 
ing one or two near things for 
leg-before which must have 
been at least as dose as 
Gooch's, dug in. Sharma was 


. ... . c moving the ball about enough 

After making only -1 in four to make life difficult both for 
innings since setnng the senes batsman an d umpire. 


Scoreboard 

ENGLAND: First Inning* 390 (M W 
Gatttng 183 not out; C Sharma 4 lor 130) 
Second Innings 

G A Gooch Uw b Sharma « 

M R Benson b Stiaatri 30 

CWJAtheyc More b Sharma 38 

D I Gower c Gavaskar b Sharma — 26 

*M W Gutting Ibw b Sharma « 

D R Pringle c More b MamMor .7 

J E Emburay not out 24 

N A Foster run out - 0 

P H Edmonds c Bmny b Mankwler _ 10 

f6 N French c Mora b Sharma 1 

NV Radford not out 1 

Extras (b 10, 8> 6, w 1. nb 11) — 28 

Total (9wkts) 231 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-49, 2-102, 3-152, 4- 
163, 5-190. 6-190, 7-190, 8-217. 9-229. 
BOWLING (to date): Kapil Dev 7-1-38-0; 
Bmny 16-1-41-0; Sharma 22-3-56-5; 
Amamath 2- 1-2-0; Maramtar 22-5-41-% 
Shastri 21-7-37-1. 

INDIA: First Innings 390 (M Amamath 7$, 
M Azharudrfin 64) 

Umpires: H D Blrri a nd B J Meyer. 

going with 114 at Lord's. 
Gooch began as though to 
score a century before lunch. 
He had thumped 40 in 10 
overs when, in Sharma's first 
over, he was given out leg- 
before. On the first day Kapil 
Dev’s first nine overs had cost 
eight runs: now his first five 
yielded 32. Had England kept 
that up they would have been 


Benson meanwhile was en- 
tirely passive. Sharma beat 
him more than once outside 
the off stump, but he was still 
there at lunch, having made 
25 out of 8$ for one in 26 
overs. Playing as he was. 
simply to survive, Benson 
became increasingly 
introspective the longer he 
stayed, and 20 minutes into 
the afternoon Shastri bowled 
him between bat and pad. 
Although the toll was well up 
to Benson, he was' neither 
forward nor back to it. Twice 
in the match he had seemed 
mesmerized by spin or the 
expectation of II 

An hour later, at 1 50 for two 
and with Athey and Gower 
playing very adequately, the 
draw seemed as good a bet as 
at any time in the match. 
Athey was rooking something 
like an England batsman at 
fast, and Gowerwas beginning 
to coast along. But at 152 
Gower, driving at Sharma. 
was caught low down at slip by 
Gavaskar, and Athey was then 
caught at the wicket when 


SHOWJUMPING 



V 





Put to flight : Foster nm out for nought at Edgbaston yesterday 


Sharma got one to leave him. 

This was Gavaskar's 100th 
catch in Test cricket- of which 
I expect 90 have been taken at 
slip. Some years ago he wrote 
that one of his remaining 
cricketing ambitions was to be 
remembered as a top-class slip 
catcher. WelL he will be. He 
takes them with no fuss and 
misses very few. Only the two 
Chappells. Cowdrey, Simp- 
son. Hammond and Sobers 
have held more for their 
country. Greg Chappell with 


Champions chase glory 


From Jenny MacArthur, Aachen 


The four members of the 
British team will attempt here 
this week to add the world 
championship to the Europe- 
an title they gained last sum- 
mer. The team — Malcolm 
Pyrah, Nick Skelton, Michael 
and John Whitaker — start as 
joint favourites with the 
French, the world champions, 
and the Americans, the reign- 
ing Olympic gold medal win- 
ners. Sixteen teams are 
competing. 

Pyrah is the only one of the 
four British riders who was in 
the winning team in 1978 — 
the last time the champion- 
ships were held here, He has 
been a regular member of the 
team ever since, and his- 
experience will be invaluable 
this week. Unlike the other 
three he has only one obvious 
horse for the champion- 
ships - Towcrlands 
Anglezarke on whom he won 
the individual silver medal at 
the 1982 world champion- 
ships in Dublin. The Irish- 
bred gelding is now 1 5, but has 
been jumped very sparingly 
over the last four years so 
there is plenty of energy to call 
upon. The horse’s bete noire is 
the water fence but as Ronnie 
Massarella, the team manager 
points out if that is all the 
horse does wrong over Amo 
Gego’s testing courses of the 
next five days, Lhere will not 
I be any complaints. 


The other three riders will 
wait until they have jumped in 
today's warm-up class before 
deciding which horse to ride. 
Michael Whitaker is likely to 
plump for Next Warren Point 
whose impressive form over 
the last two months includes 
two Grand Prix wins at 
Hickstead. His Olympic 
horse, Amanda, has been less 
consistent. John, Michael's 
older brother will opt for Next 
Hopscotch rather than the less 
experienced Milton unless 
something goes dramatically 
wrong today. 

Skelton has the most diffi- 
cult choice/Ori his day there is 
no finer horse than Raffles St 
James who Skelton rode in the 
European championships. But 
he is now 16 — nearly twice 
the age of Skelton's other top 
horse Raffles Apollo. The 
latter has taken time to find 
his form this summer, but he 
produced two good rounds at 
the French Nations Cup meet- 
ing a week ago, so he could be 
finding form at just the right 
time. 

The French may have found 
theirs too soon. They have 
three very experienced riders 
on their team — Michel Rob- 
ert and Frederic Cottier were 
both learn gold medal winners 
in Dublin — and Pierre 
Durand has shown consistant 
form with Jappeloup. But the 


team has had a hard summer, 
starting in May, when they 
gained the first of their four 
Nation Cups wins. Two 
months is a long time for the 
team to remain sharp. 

The Americans have so 
many top riders and horses to 
call upon that neither Joe 
Faigis, their 1984 Olympic 
indiviudalgold medal winner, 
nor Leslie Burr-Lenehan, the 
winner of the World Cup in 
April, are included in the 
team. It is led by Michael 
Matz who was a member of 
the team which won the 
bronze medal at Aachen in 
1978 when the same designer 
was helping to build the 
courses. 

Of the other 1 3 teams, the 
Canadians are the ones most 
likely to spring a surprise. 

The West Germans look to 
be outclassed in the team 
event, but Paul 
Schockemohle, their lop rider, 
has a good chance of taking 
the individual title with 
Deisier, the winner of the 
European individual title on 
the last three occasions. The 
West Germans have also pro- 
duced the individual world 
champion on the last three 
occasions, the most recent 
being Norbert Koof, who is 
unable to defend his title as his 
horse Fire has been injured 
and is not fully fit. 


APR 

12 . 5 % 



ATHLETICS 


Fell is convincing 
in steeplechase 

From Pat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent, Helsinki 


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favourite. Henry Marsh, fell at 
the Iasi barrier while leading. 
Fell finished sixth. 

Last nighu the siorv was 
rather different. Fell' won 
convincingly in Smin !9.79sec. 
one of the fastest times of the 
year, and Reitz struggled to 
ninth place in 8.30.78. But that 
is not the end of the tale, fbr 
almost two years ago. Fell 
decided to forsake Essex and 
Britain lor Vancouver and 
Canada. 

And that is likeiv io cause a 
few rueful shrugs in Edinburgh 
in three weeks' time if Fell wins 
a Commonwealth medal. Last 
night's performance points to a 
mcdaL as does Fell's close 
second in Stockholm last Tues- 
day to Julius Rorir. of Kenya, 
the Olympic champion, who’ is 
the Commonwealth favourite. 

Fell's explanation for quitting 
Britain had a familiar ring, for it 
concerned the vagaries of selec- 
tion. something which has been 
uppermost in many athletes* 
minds and words recently. Fell 
said: “I had been at college in 
the United States for three years, 
and my wife is Canadian and 1 
was living in Canada, but I felt 
that the Olympic selection 
procedures in I9S4 were not 
fair. Certain people were passed 
over in preference to established 
stars who did not really have to 
prove themselves. That is not a 


consistent way of selecting a 
team. and. since I lived abroad, I 
became a victim of that proce- 
dure. I wish it hadn't been that 
way. but it always seems diffi- 
cult for athletes based abroad to 
come back and fit into the 
system. I certainly have much 
more freedom now to race 
where I warn." 

Reitz was right to insist that 
he should not be judged too 
harshly on last night's perfor- 
mance. since it was his first 
steeplechase since September. 
He was given grace by the 
selectors until tonight, two days 
after the final selection date, to 
prove Ms form. But time is 
getting short to improve it by 
the margin required to get close 
to Korir and Fell in Edinburgh. 

Phil Brown has recovered well 
from his ipjury. but he is still noi 
— by his own indication of 
lapping his head immediately 
after the race — employing the 
correct mental approach. He led 
coming off the last bend and 
into the straight, but lei the 
American. Sunder Nix. and 
Susumu Takano. of Japan, 
through far too easily. 

Tom Pet runoff, or the United 
States, justified the traditions of 
javelin-throwing in Finland, 
when he set a world best for the 
new implement of 85.28 metres. 
Prior Elliott was a good second 
to Jose-Luis Gonzales in the 
1.500 metres, and Pcira Fclke 
beat an inconsistent Tiina Lillak 
in the women's javelin, with 
70.0b metres. And Maricica 
Puica warmed up for her 2,000 
against Zola Budd at Crystal 
Palace on Friday, winning" the 
3.000 easily in Smin 40.72scc 


122 in 87 Tests heads the lisL 
Gavaskar is playing his 115th 
Test, itself a world record. 

England were now 163 for 
four with only the bowlers and 
French to come after the fall of 
the fifth wicket. By tea Gatting 
and Pringle had added 27. 
most of them from forcing 
strokes by Gatting: but they 
were both out at 190. Gatting 
leg-before to Sharma and 
Pringle caught at the wicket 
driving at Maninder. At the 


RUGBY UNION 


Australian 
emphasis 
is forward 

By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 

Australia, who play the 
second of their two interna- 
tionals with Argentina in Syd- 
ney this Saturday, have 
chosen an experienced squad 
to lour New Zealand later this 
summer. The party will be 
captained by Andrew Slack 
and the most notable absen- 
tees are Roger Gould, the full- 
back who is injured, and 
Brendan Moon on the wing. 

Seventeen of the players 
were in Britain for the Grand 
Slam tour of 1984, among 
them Michael Lynagh. whose 
goal-kicking has had so much 
to do with Australia's most 
recent victories. 

The Australian selectors 
have chosen to take 17 for- 
wards and 13 backs on the 
basis that a New Zealand tour 
makes greater demands upon 
the forwards. 

The first match will be 
played against Waikato on 
July 23 and there will be three 
internationals, in Wellington 
(August 9), Dunedin (August 
23) and Auckland (September 
6 ). 

SQUAD: M Burke, G Burrow. W 
Calcraft. W Campbell. D Campese. 

M Cook, S Culler, G Bla. N Farr- 
Jones, D Frawtey. J Gardner, P 
Grigg, M Hartifl. S James, A Leeds, 

T Lawton, M Lynagh, M McBaln. J 
Mdnemey, M Murray, J Miller, R , 
McCaD, 0 Papworth, S PoSdevin. R 
Reynolds, E Rodriguez. A Slack. B 
Smith, S Tuynman, I Williams. 1 


Porterfield 

settles 

Sheffield United are to pay 
Ian Porterfield, their former 
manager, about £100,000 in 
settlement fbr being dismissed 
by the dub in March. 
Porterfield left Bramall Lane 
with five years of bis 10-year 
contract to run and originally 
asked for £200,000 in 
compensation. 

Cash reward 

Pat Cash, aged - 21, who 
reached the quarter-finals at 
Wimbledon, will return to the 
All-England Club from July 1 8 
to 20 as a member of the 
Australian team, announced 
yesterday.' to play Great Brit- 
ain in the Davis Cup quarter- 
finals. The winners meet 
either the United States or 
Mexico in the semi-finals. 
Cash's team-mates will be 
John Fitzgerald, Paul 
McNamee and Wally Masur. 

Rowing on 

Steven Redgrave is to con- 
tinue his preparation for an 
assault on three rowing titles 
at the Commonwealth Games 
in Edinburgh later this month, 
despite his collapse with 600 
yards to go during the Dia- 
mond Sculls final at the 
Henley Royal Regatta. The 
24-year-old Olympic champi- 
on will compete in the single 
sculls, the coxless pairs and 
the fours. 

. i 


same score Foster, sent back 
in an elementary mix-up with 
Emburey. was run out 
Such were the looks that 
England's batsmen were giv- 
ing the pitch by now. and so 
outlandish the leg-side heaves 
to which Emburey resorted, 
that England will presumably 
fancy their chance of winning 
today. Emburey and Ed- 
monds. the two who should 
certainly get them somewhere 
near it. added a useful 27 — 
every run was useful now — 


and Emburey was still there 
at -Lhe close. 

The last hour brought what 
must have been the first body 
search in a Test match. Some 
flippeny-gibbei had come on 
with a banner and a boyfriend, 
protesting about . something 
singularly obscure, and hid- 
den the bails on her person. 
Botham was needed to pick 
her . up and give, her a good 
shake. As it was a policewom- 
an had to be sent for to recover 
them. 


FOOTBALL 


Rangers kick off 
at the double 


By Hugh Taylor 


Rangers’ players discovered 
yesterday how determined 
their new manager, Graeme 
Souness, is to bring success to 
Ibrox when they reported for 
training for the season which 
begins on August 9, They were 
told that their new schedule 
calls for double sessions five 
days a week and once on 
Saturdays and Sundays at 
Jordanhill College. 

“As 1 will be playing with 
them, 1 decided we must 
spend most of our time getting 
to know each other.” said 
Souness, who had arrived at 
8.0am to start what the sup- 
porters are hoping will be a 
new and brighter era for 
Scotland's richest club. 

Among the new players who 
trained yesterday were 
Woods, the goalkeeper who 
cost Rangers £600,000 from 
Norwich, and West, the Wat- 


ford forward who was trans- 
ferred to. Ibrox for £200.000. 

The manager indicated that 
new moves for. more top 
quality players were to be 
made before the season be- 
gins. Arriving at Ibrox soon 
will be Avi Cohen, the Israeli 
international centre half who 
was a colleague cf Souness at 
Liverpool. 

“We have other people in 
mind as well,” said Souness, 
who added that he found 
himself fortunate in that when 
good players became available 
he had the money to buy 
them. But he had to confess 
ruefully that although Rangers 
had made an improved oner, 
believed to be around 
£600,000. for Gough, of Dun- 
dee United, tbe .outstanding 
defender in Scotland, this, too, 
had been turned down. 


By John Blunsdeu 

Nigel Mansell's victory in 
the French Grand Prix on 
Sunday brought the first half 
of the Wora Chainphraship 
season to a dose ana highflote 
for British race enthusi asts. I t 
bas also provided a fitting 
build-up for the Shell OB® 
British Grand Prix whki wfll 
take place at Brands Hatch 
next Sunday against, a 
backcloth of aratinniiig con- 
troversy surrounding the fo- 
tme venae of Britain^ premier 
motor race. : V- - , 

If this race is indeed' to be 
the last British Grand Prix to 
rake place at Brands Hatchin; 
the next five years — and 
is by no means certmn foJlow- 
ing last week's statementfrom 
the RAC Motor Sprats Asso- 
ciation. which was: specific 
only on the fact that-ihe 1987 
race would be atSflverstooe— 
it promises to be a memorable 
one. . ■ • 

For Nigel Ms ell, it menus 
a return to the tiatnit on which '. 
he scin^.hisfir^~Gniiid-'Pin 
success last October. Since 
then, he has not only added 
four farther, vktones — snr- 
passing the achievetnents ef 
any other driver .— bufhebes 
grown spectacularly in statorr 
and in conse^neace hastereL 

oped arei earaed a special 
rapport withr his Canon \VU- 
fianas team which isr p roving to 
be mutually benefieiaL 


Mansell has always biM 
Brands Hatch fin spedal ifc 
gard; “To win there rae&ns 
something extra* not ary 
because it’s my home Gntot 
PriXi bttt because die circuit is 
a reaT drivers’ diallenge”.JThe 
caftdo.sb againbn Sundayhe 
will leave the drenit heading 
the World C2tampnKKl% 
points table for the first time. 

Mansell invariably provides 
good spectator value at Brands 
Hatch, and so , does Ayrton 
Senna. Last Sunday, this nato- 
rally gifted Bnufflan made a 
rare misjudgement on * sip-, 
pery patch of oil-covered tihra. 
and ft .cost him dear in los{ 
World Championship' points. 
Brands^ Hatch is where he will 
be ansTpos to make amend* 
and,' wife the prospect of a 
lititie tiiore power from lhe 
latest version of the Renault 


• '* ■ ' "ZSj* 

• .m 




Clubs ignore conference 


Football League dubs have 
snubbed Stoke City's two-day 
conference on hooliganism. 

The conference, called 
"Football's family face — the 
way forward", which has been 
backed by the Football Associ- 
ation and. the League, is at 
Keele Univereity on August 
12 and 13. and Stoke invited 
all 92 League dubs ~ but less 
than half have replied. 

Liverpool, Everton, Man- 
chester United and Arsenal 


SPORT IN BRIEF 




Green: 


Three nam ed 

Captain Mark Phillips, and . 
Lucinda Green, who between 
them have won 10 Badminton 
titles, and the Olympic cham- 
pion. Mark Todd, have aB 
entered the eighth Heckfield 
horse trials on July 19 and 20. 

Dutch courage 

Cees van de Vdden, the 
Dutch power-boat driver, has 
won the Sacramento Grand 
Prix. his first victory since 
Stockholm 1984, and now 
shares the lead in the world 
scries with Ben Robertson, of 
United States, after two races 
Van de Velden was forced to 
sian from the back of the grid, 
after crashing his catamaran 
during a 20-lap event.. on 
Sa’urday. Rick Frost the BHtr 
ish driver, led for the first 15 
laps. 


are among the clubs who are 
sending representatives, but 
Chelsea and West Ham are 
among those who are not 
expected to attend. 

Stoke's assistant secretary 
David Capper, who is the 
conference organizer, said yes- 
terday: “I am very sad some 
big names have decided not to 
come. This is a subject of 
national importance that peo- 
ple talk about, but do nothing 
about." 


Hague medal 

Yvette Hague, of Reading, 
has taken the bronze medal in 
the women's race at the J unior 
European Orienteering Cham- 
pionships in Pecs. Hungary. 
Hague missed the silver medal 
by only six seconds. 

Double blow 

Two Ponlypool players, 
Bobby Windsor, the former 
British Lions and Wales hook- 
er, and Goff Davies, the 
winger, have announced their 
retirements. Windsorhas been 
fighting back and neck prob- 
lems and Davies, a- school- 
teacher. has not now the time 
fo play. >-• 

Cardiff sign 

Alan Curtis, the 32-year-old 
former Welsh international 
forward, signed for Cardiff 
City yesterday after being 
given a free transfer by South- 
ampton.. Jimmy GoodfeJJow. 
a former manager of the club, 
has rejoined Cardiff as coach 
and physiotherapist 




Mansell: good value 


engine, h« JPS Lotas should 
offer serious opposition fo tbe 
Williams tram. •• 

Then there to the current: 
points leader, Alain Frost, and 
his Marlboro McLarc^Thg. 
No driverls simdtaneoaslyso 
quick and so smooth, so gentle - 
on. bis machinery while drivfeg. 
competitively, amf —sacb : a • 
highly astute tactician. . He 
“reads” a race with coasma- 
mate skill and his precision hf 
line isa joy to obsetveJEIe, jbo, ; 
will be a formidable contender 
next Sunday, ami the pst&pect 
of him locked in battie with ; 
Mansell and Senna on - that 
undulating and demanding cir- 
cuit to one to savour. 




Scottish wins 

Scotland made a fine start 
in the Gateway Britl^t Isles 
international bowls champi- 
onship at the Paisley Abercorn 
Club, with wins m both the 
junior singles and singles 
semi-finals. Willie 
McLaughlin, the Scottish 
champion... beat Morrow 
Homer, of Ireland. 21-10. -