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By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 
mass African up atnext month's Common- would have to give a little on 

the sanctions issue. 

But in the BBC Radio 
interview Mrs Thatcher said it 
would be cold and callous to 
to «cr“ v, — impose general economic 

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opposition to sanctions 
against South Africa. 

Their announcements that 
they would not be sending 
teams to Edinburgh later this 
month represented the biggest 
and most unexpected blow yet 
to the Government’s policy on 
South Africa. There were un- 
confirmed reports that other 
countries, including Uganda, 
would follow suit 

Last night the Government 
voiced regret at the withdraw- 
als and urged Nigeria and 
Ghana to reconsider their 
decisions. The Common- 
wealth Secretariat in London 
voiced.- the hope that the 

boycott would not spread. . 

In a statement it saidr*;The 
withdrawal of any country 
would naturally diminish the 

Ghana came soon after yet 
another reiteration by Mrs 
Thatcher of her opposition to 
general economic sanctions 
and a prediction that the 
Commonwealth would not be 
damaged by the sanctions 

The Foreign Office said of 
the decision: “We cannot 
believe it is in the best 
interests of the Common- 
wealth or will do anything to 
advance the cause of peace in 
South Africa.” 


Mr Denis Healey, the shad- 
ow foreign secretary, said 
yesterday that Nigeria’s deci- 
sion was a warning to the 
Government over its stance 
on South Africa. He also 
accused the Prime Minister in 
her recent interviews of malt- 
ing it almost impossible for 
the Foreign Secretary’s mis- 
sion in southern Africa to 

Mr Graham Day, Rover Group chairman, in front of the new Rover 800 Jaimrfred today. The company has t aken 
i exceptional care to ensure that its predecessor’s teething problems are avoided. Story page 3. (Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 

Games shadow 
Legal moves 
Leading article 




Games which are a high point 
of Commonwealth life.” 


11 major ms? 

It also spoke of the “deep 
concern” about the. growing 
strains on Commoirweahfr re - 
lations arising from 
ences over South Africa/ 

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There were strong misgiv- 
ings among ministers, that if 
the boycott spreads, and the 
Games’, value as a sporting 
spectacle is seriously reduced, 
the Government wiH .foce 
increasing domestic unpopu- 
larity over its stand. * r ■ : 

it would also increase the 
likelihood of possible break- 

diplomatic circles that the 
series of interviews given by 
the Prime Minister on Tues- 
day and to the BBC yesterday 
morning, in which she rejected 
sanctions — and in one sug- 
gested they were unmoral — 
were behind the decisions of 
the Nigerian and Ghana gov- 
ernments to withdraw. 

The Prime Minister yester- 
day met Mr Sonny Ramphal, 
the Commonwealth Secretary- 
General. to discuss arrange- 
ments for the summit 

Afterwards in remarks 
which dearly included Mrs 
Thatcher he said that each of 
the Commonwealth leaders 

• The absence of Nigeria and 
Ghana will rob the Common- 
wealth Games of two of the 
most successful countries in 
the history of ibis event (John 
Goodbody writes). 

(n the medals' table since 
the Games were first staged in 
1930, Nigeria is ranked 11th 
with 45 medals and Ghana 
14th with 38. 

Nigeria bad several likely 
medal winners for Edinburgh 
including Christian Okoye in 
the discus, Paul Emordi. who 
has had a strikingly successful 
American collegiate season in 
the long and triple jumps, 
another long jumper Yussuf 
Alii and Henry Amike in the 
400m hurdles. 

• Last night Mr Robert Max- 
well, chairman of the Com- 
monwealth Games, said that 
the Games would survive 
despite the boycott. 



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Ya$uhiro Nakasone 
has scored a 
runaway victory at 
the polls -but can he 
iulul his pledges? A 
five-page report on 
Japan focuses on the 
image politician 


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• The Times Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prize of £4,000 was 
shared yesterday by 
two readers: Mr 
LHeatfc of Battersea, 
London, and Mr 
ditempsey of Slough, 

• Portfolio list, page 
25; rules and how to 
play, information ser- 
vice^ page 20. 

Task ahead : 


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British companies must deal 
with employees' reservations 
about management if they are 
to get their full co-operation 
during Industry Year, says the 
chairman, of MORI in an 
introduction to today's seven- 
page General Appointments 
section Pages 27 to 33 

Tripos results 


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Cambridge University Tnpos 
results. Oxford class hsts and 
degrees at Strathclyde Univej 
siiy appear today Page 35; 

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Unpromising start 
to Howe mission 

$jr* 4jfeoSrey 
Foreign Secrettfry,. yesterday 
bega». his raissiori to three 
southern African front-line 
station a distinctly unprom- 
ising note. 

In Lusaka, the Zambian 
capital, the African National 
Congress, the chief military 
protagonist in the war against 
South Africa's apartheid sys- 
tem. refused to see him. 

President Kenneth Kaunda, 
the elder statesman of the 
Commonwealth, kept . him 
waiting for 15 minutes before 
their talks, which lasted 30 

Sir Geoffrey emerged from 
the discussions to say that 
though their talks were 
-friendly, candid and 
constructive,” there was “no 

Today, he meeis Mr Robert 
Mugabe, the Prime Minister 
of Zimbabwe, who, among the 
region's leaders, is the most 
scathingly critical of Western 
Europe’s reluctance to take 
firm action against South 

Observers here believe he 
will give Sir Geoffrey a hear- 
ing. but make plain his anger 
with Mrs Margaret Thatcher 
and the EEC over what be 
as delaying tactics, 
hortly before Sir 

FromJan Booth, Harare 
Howe, the 

by Paris 

From Diana Geddes 

and ship exports 

Oslo (AP) - The Norwegian 
Government announced new 
restrictions yesterday on trade 
with South Africa, including a 
total ban on exports of refined 
oil products and ships. The 
restrictions also apply to Na- 

Earlier this year Norway 
banned imports of fruit and 
vegetables from South Africa 
and the export of arms, am- 
munition and military vehi- 
cles to South Africa. 

Geoffrey's arrival at Lusaka 
airport, Mr Tom Sebina, se- 
nior spokesman at the ANC 
headquaiers here, said that the 
chances of a meeting with Sir 
Geoffrey were “completely 

He added;“We believe that 
whatever he (Sir Geoffrey) is 
supposed to be doing in South 
Africa was done by the (Com- 
monwealth) Eminent Persons* 
Group. We believe it is a waste 
of time and a useless 

A police inspector was kill- 
ed and 20 people were injured, 
three of them seriously, when 
a bomb ripped apart the of- 
fices of the police anti-gang 
unit, the French equivalent of 
the British Flying Squad, in 
the fourth Arroudissement of 
Paris yesterday afternoon. 

The bomb, estimated to 
have weighed about 22 lbs, is 
thought to have been left in the 
unit’s lavatories on the fourth 
floor of a six-storey hnilding at 
11 Avenue Victoria. 

Police Inspector Marcel 
Bssdevaat was k Wed when be 
was crushed by a concrete cell- 
ing which collapsed in the ex- 
plosion, which devastated the 
anti-gang unit offices on the 
fourth and fifth floors and 
seriously damaged offices of 
other police units in the 

The National Assembly sos- 
f.pended its debate on a Bli? io 
restrict immigration to allow 
M Robert Pandrand, the Inte- 
rior Minister, to visit the scene, 
of the Mast 
“I cannot express my emo- 
tion and sorrow after such a 
serious attack,** M Pandrand 
said. M Jacques Chirac, the 
Prime Minister, visited the 
scene last night 
Although a large majority of 
the French public approves of 
the new right-wing Govern- 
ment's determination to crude 
down on crime and terrorism, 
many have been dismayed and 
angered by the aggressive, 
strong-arm tactics being ad- 
opted by the police, and by the 
increasing number of police 

One such blunder occurred 
in Paris last weekend when a 
young motorist without his 
papers tried to escape from a 
policeman, only to be shot 
dead at point blank range. The 
policeman claimed he acted in 

President Kaunda took the 
unusual step of calling a press 

Continued on page 20, co II 

self defence, but witnesses said 
the young man was shot in cold 

• BONN: A West German 
industrialist and his driver 
were killed in Munich yes- 
terday when a 201 b bomb fixed 
to a roadside tree was deto- 
nated by remote control as 
their car drove past 

Younger seeks more frigates 

By Our Chief Political Correspondent 

Cabinet approval to order 
more than the three new Type 
23 frigates allowed for in this 
year's defence budget is being 
sought by Mr George Youn- 
ger. Secretary of State for 


In an attempt to provide 
more work for the hard- 
pressed naval shipyards, 
which the Prime Minister is 
known to be keen to support 
Mr Younger is understood to 
be studying ways in which the 
orders for a fourth, and maybe 

even a fifth, frigate could be 
placed this year. 

Under present plans the 
latter two orders lor the ships 
which will form the backbone 
of the Navy's anti-submarine 
force at the end of the century 
would not be placed until the 
year 1987-88 to fit in with 
Treasury calculations. 

and allow them to maintain 
workforces at a higher level. 

The discussions are delay- 
ing the announcement of the 
new frigate orders, but it could’ 
still be made next week. 

ministers hope that 
‘creative accounting” 


can be devised which will 
enable the orders to be placed 
this year to boost the yards 

The first £1 10 million order 
is expected to go to Swan 
Hunters on Tyneside. 

A second, and probably the 
third, will go to Yarrow's on 
the Clyde. But Swan Hunter 
could be in the running for 
another if the right terms can 
be agreed. 

Commons clash on 
move to abolish 
jury challenges 

By Philip Webster and George Hill 

The Government’s decision abolition of the 
to abolish the right of peremp- 
tory challeflge^of jurors was 
criticizerf-by the Opposition 
and several Conservative MPs 
after it was confirmed yester- 
day by Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary. 

As reported yesterday in 
The Times , Mr Hurd con- 
firmed that the system was to 
be ended in the next session of 

A promise 
to obey 
for royal 

He told the Commons that 
the practice was now “widely 
criticized as a distortion of the 
jury system which should be 
based on the principle of 
random selection”. Its remov- 
al would help to maintain the 
effectiveness and integrity of 
the system. 

would turn the system of 
“challenge for cause” under 
which both prosecution and 
defence can object to individ- 
ual members of juries after 
giving reasons for doing so. 
into a “growth industry in the 

But among Conservative 
backbench MPs there was a 
mixed reaction to the deci- 
sion. Several Conservative 
lawyer-MPs made dear' that 
they were determined- to fight 
against the change when it is 
put to the Commons in a 
criminal justice Bill early in 
the new session of Parliament. 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, the 
shadow home secretary, who 
demanded a Commons state- 
ment from Mr Hurd after The 
T-biss repcr.Vsaii- .tha: thn 
move would cause “minor- 
ities m particular to feci that 
they have been deprived of an 
important . part of their 
armoury of defence”. 

Mr Kaufman said that the 

Mr David Ashby, Conser- 
vative MP for Leicestershire 
North West, said that a “very 
substantial number” of law- 
yers in the Conservative Party 
would oppose the decision to 
end the system under which 
defendants had the right to 
make three challenges. A 

Mr Ivan Lawrence, QC, the 
MP for Burton, also opposed 
abolition. He said: “It is 

because we have peremptory 


challenge that we have avoi 
ed the growth of challenge for 
cause that we have seen in the 
United States." Strong back- 
ing for Mr Hurd, however, 
came from Mr Mark Carlisle, 
QC, a former Conservative 
cabinet minister, who said 
that peremptorychallenge had 
given defendants ihe power to 
manipulate the system. 

Mr Kaufman's criticism 
was restrained and it was 
noted that he had refrained 
from committing his party to 
reversing the change. 

Mr Hurd said that the 
Roskill Report on fraud trials 

Continued on page 20, col 6 

By Alan Hamilton 

Miss Sarah Ferguson will 
revert to tradition by promis- 
ing to obey her husband when 
she marries Prince Andrew in 
Westminster Abbey on July 

The word was significantly 
_ absent from the marriage ser- 
‘ vice of the Prince and Princess 
of Wales at St Paul’s five years 

Prince Andrew and Miss 
Ferguson have chosen to be 
married under the Church of 
England's familiar 1662 rite. 

Prince Charles and Lady 
Diana Spencer' opted for the 
more modern Series 1 Alter- 
native Marriage Rite, drawn 
up by the Church in 1928. 

Miss Ferguson will make 
her promise of obedience 
twice: once when Dr Robert 
Runcic. Archbishop of Can- 
terbury. asks hen “Sarah Mar- 
garet. wilt thou have this man 
to thy wedded husbandT*. and 
again during the ptigbting of 
the troth. 

The full order of service is 
contained in the official pro- 
gramme published yesterday 
by the Royal Jubilee Trusts. 
Proceeds from the 60p booklet 
will go to help children affect- 
ed by fatal or crippling dis- 

• The Duke of Edinburgh 
evaded questions about the 
forthcoming royal wedding, 
but managed a few jokes at the 
expense of his family in an 
interview with Mr Terry 
Wogan on BBC Television 
last night. 

Prince Philip had agreed to 
appear on Wogan in his role as 
president of the International 
Equestrian Federation, and to 
talk about the world four-in- 
hand carriage driving champi- 
onships at Ascot next month. 

of sex 

By Richard Evans 
Political Correspondent 

Lord Halls ham of St Mary- 
lebone, the Lord High Chan- 
cellor of Great Britain who is 
now in his 79th year and 
recently remarried, has turned 
his distsagraisfead legal mind to 
sexual definitions, and sent his 
thoughts to Cabinet co)-\ 
leagues including the Prime v 

In particular, be is con- 
cerned that sexual relations 
between homosexuals should 
be described correctly, and 
fears that the Government 
could be in danger of getting it 
wrong and lea vine itself open 
to critidsms of vulgarity. 

His worry conies alter the 
circulation to ministers by Mr 
Norman Fowler, Secretary of 
State for Social Services, of 
die draft of a new govenunent- 
frioded advertising campaign 
warning of the dangers of 
acquired immune deficiency 
syndrome (Aids), the killer 
disease which particularly af- 
fects homosexuals. 

The strength of his feelings 
are conveyed in a letter seat to 
Lord WMteiaw, Leader of the 
House of Lords and deputy 
Prime Minister, a copy of 
which has been obtained by 
The Times , in which he objects 
to the proposed advertise- 
ments referring to homosex- 
uals “having sex”. 

He has forwarded copies of 
the letter to Mrs Thatcher, Sir 
Robert Armstrong, Cabinet 
secretary and head of the 
home CMI Service, and sever- 
al government ministers. 

The letter reads: 

Dear Willie, 

I have read Norman. 
Fowler's letter of 24 June 1986 
and the draft he envisages. 

Whilst I share his view that 
a future round of national 
advertising should be much on 
the lines of the last round, but 
with shorter text and simpler 
language, t am convinced there 
must be some limit to 

Could they not use literate 
“sexual intercourse”. If that is 
thought to be too narrow, that 
why not “sexual relations** or 
“physical practices”, but not 
“sex" or, worse, “having 

I am copying this letter to 
the Prime Minister. Norman 
Fowler and other members of 
the committee; the members of 
the interdepartmental minis- 
terial group on Aids and Sir 
Robert Armstrong. 


* And illiteracy. “Sex” means 
you are either male of female. 
It does not mean the same as 
sexual practices. Nor does 
“having sex” mean anything 
at all. 

The Department of Health 
and Social Security was un- 
able to say last night if Lord 
Hailshara's comments had led 
to the advertisements being re- 




Share prices on the London 
Stock Exchange recovered yes- 
terday after Tuesday's plunge 
which saw a record £5.4 
billion wiped off the value of 
equities (Richard Lander 

The FT-30 share index 
closed 13.8 points higher at 
i,331.5. having slumped 30.1 
pohns the previous day. 

Dealers said investors were 
m a buying mood again after 
Tuesday's sharp fall had en- 
abled them to snap up shares 
at bargain prices. 

Among leading issues, Brit- 
ish Telecom added 8 p to 204p. 

Share prices also looked 
steadier on Wall Street where 
a record fell in the Dow Jones 
industrial average on Monday 
precipitated die slump in 

The index was 0.98 points 
up at 1,821.71 by midday. 

Details, page 23 

Kremlin in 
hijack deal 
with Paris 

Moscow — The Soviet and 
French governments have 
agreed to begin holding regu- 
lar talks on the best methods 
for coping with the spread of 
international terrorism, 
particularily aircraft hijacking 
and extremist attacks • 

The agreement was an- 
nounced last night by Mr 
Gennady Gerasimov, the 
chief Kremlin spokesman, af- 
ter the third and final series of 
private talks between Presi- 
dent Mitterrand of France and 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov. 

French sources said the case 
of the internally exiled Soviet 
physicist,' Dr Andrei Sakha- 
rov. had been one of a number 
of human rights cases raised. 

Mr Gorbachov also pro- 
posed that the five permanent 
members of the UN Security 
Council should hold a confer- 
ence to find a Middle East 

Vigilantes against pornography sought in US 

From Michael Binyon 

A United States commission 
on pornography yesterday rec- 
ommended far-reaching 
changes in federal and state 
laws and the setting up of 
citizen vigilante groups to 
combat what it termed the 
-cruel plague” sweeping the 

country. , ... 

The commission appointed 
■ Mr Edwin Meese, the 
Attorney-General, directly 
fluked explicit hard-core por- 
nography to rape and unwant- 



The final draft of ft* contro- 
versial report reversed the 

repeal of all laws restricting It 
for adult consumers. 

With two of the panel's 11 
members disagreeing, the 
commission concluded that 
“substantial exposure to sexu- 
ally violent materials ... 
bears causal relationship to 
anti-soctal acts of sexual vio- 
lence and possibly to unlawful 
acts of sexual violence”. 

It said substantial exposure 
to material depicting scenes 
degradhg women could also 
cause unwanted sexual 

Even non-violent magazines 
such as Playboy and Pent- 
house, while not legally ob- 
part (if only a 

US of the pornography indus- 
try, now worth some $8 billion 
(£5 billion) a year. All of them, 
it says, (all within the constitu- 
tional limits outlined in Su- 
preme Court rulings on free 
speech mid include the setting 
np of “citizen watch groups” to 
gnajrd against local sales of 
sexually explicit materials. 

Many of the proposals deal 
with curbing “kiddie pom”. 
The commission called for 

ftadincs of a Government com- scene, “are a part (if only i 
5570, which con- small ***)<£&* explanation 
Suded that there was bo for sexual violence, it said, 
evidence of harm from portug- 

The commission made 92 

in sexually explicit - 
films and books became 
“child pornography is intrinsi- 
cally related to child abase”. 

The commission, headed by 
Mr Henry Hudson, a US 
attorney who made a reputa- 
tion as an anti-pornography 
campaigner and public prose- 

ra phy and recommended the ^recommendat ions to rid the Virginia, spent a year 

on its investigations at a cost 

Of $500,000 (£312^00). 

Even before it delivered its 
formal 2 , 000 -page report, 
which has been available for 
inspection for the past two 
months, it was vigorously criti- 
cized as a group of conserva- 
tives hand-picked to reach the 
conclusions wanted by the 
Reagan Administration 

Mr Barry Lynn, from the 
American Civil Liberties 
Union, said many of the 
group's proposals amounted to 

“The report is a disgraceful 
enterprise which bides prod- 
ishness and moralism behind a 
thin veil of social science 
jargon.” he declared. 

Two members of the panel, 
both women, dissented from 

the central findings of the 
commission and criticized it 
for concentrating only on 
“very violent and extremely 
degrading” material. They 
said “efforts to tease the 
current data” into proof of a 
link between pornography and 
sex crimes was not an accept- 
able practice. 

The commisshm had hoped 
to list 10,000 retailers of 
pornography as a way of 
potting public pressure on 
them not to stock such materi- 
al, but lawsuits prevented the 
publication of such a blacklist 

The report whose salacious 
details are likely to make it a 
best-seller in itself, does how- 
ever include an alphabetical 
(bring of thousands of porno- 
graphic books, films and 

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Top firms enlisted in 
drive to end shortage 
of specialist teachers 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

Mr Kenneth Baker, Secre- 
tary of State for Education and 
Science, has stepped up his 
drive to recruit more teachers 
in the shortage subjects of 
mathematics, physics and 
craft design and technology, 
by writing to top companies in 
the country for help. 

In addition, he has asked 
the main employers' organiza- 
tions. and every local educa- 
tion authority, chief education 
officer and teacher trade 
union, to help to overcome the 
shortage of teachers in certain 
specialist subjects as a matter 
of urgency. 

• "The minister wants to see 
more companies pulling their 
weight employing teachers as 
paid consultants during the 
holidays, providing equip- 
ment for laboratories and 
workshops, organizing staff 
exchanges and running 

A consultative document, 
accompanying the letter, ex- 
plained that recent efforts to 
recruit enough teachers in the 
shonage subjects had failed 
and a fresh approach was 

The contents of a- draft of 

that document were reported 
in The Times on June 27 and 
remain substantially un- 
changed, although Mr Baker 
would like replies to the 
consultation exercise by the 
end of October, instead of the 
end of December, as previous- 
ly stated. 

Launching the document 
yesterday, Mr Baker said that 
the search for teachers of 
shortage subjects was vital to 
Britain's future as an impor- 
tant industrial nation. “They 

have been in short supply for 
many years. We cannot afford 

many years. We cannot afford 
to lei the problem continue. 

“Some firms have appreci- 
ated already the long-term 
benefits to them and to the 

economy as a whole of having 
mathematics, physics and 

mathematics, physics and 
craft, design and technology 
taught properly in our schools. 
“These firms have helped to 
























Teachers to get peace deal 

Local authority employers 
will be presenting tbe 
teachers' unions with a pack- 
age of reforms covering a new 
pay structure and pay levels, 
appraisal of performance, a 
new contract and pay negotiat- 
ing machinery in order to 
secure a lasting peace in 
schools at a meeting of the two 
sides later this month (Our 
Education Correspondent 

Tbe eventual strategy is for 
the Labour-controlled employ- 
ers to concoct a united front 
with the onions and to present 
the Government with a pack- 

age of reforms with a price tag as it was described yesterday, 
that ministers will refuse to stmts in Coventry on July 25 

pay at their periL 
The teachers* unions have 
made it dear that they win 

when the parties meet for a 

The employers are insisting 

resume classroom strikes if that they want a package 
the talks, i nstigated by the covering all issues, and do not 

conciliation service Acas. foil 

The six unions, the employ- 
ers and the representatives of 
the Department of Education 
and Science yesterday entered 
a new phase in the tortuous 
negotiations at Acas. 

Working parties have clari- 
fied the issues, in particular 
the areas of disagreement, and 
the “full-blooded bargaining". 

want to detach appraisal or the 
bargaining machinery. 

Sir John Wood, chairman of 
the “three wise men" supervis- 
ing the negotiations, said yes- 
terday r “There is a realization 
that this is an opportunity for 
the teaching profession to 
reconstruct itself and that it is 
an opportunity which may not 

Ilea sports 
to Baker 

Tory MPs angered by 
Alliance ‘chaperone 9 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 

The Labour-run Inner Lon- 
don Education Authority yes- 
terday criticized claims from 
Mr Kenneth Baker, Secretary 
of State for Education, that it 
was deliberately lowering the 
standard of competitive sports 
in schools. 

Mr Baker told a by-election 
meeting in Newcastle-under- 
Lyme on Tuesday that Ilea, 
showed a “sour and pessimis- 
tic dismissal of the competi- 
tive spirit" on the playing field 
and in the classroom. “If Boris 
Becker had been educated in 
Ilea he would still be 

Mrs Frances Monrell, the 
authority's leader, replied: “ It 
is completely untrue to say we 
are against competitive sport 
Only last week we announced 
the Ilea Olympics, a two-year 
programme of inter-school 

“We may not have pro- 
duced Boris Becker but our 
schools have turned out doz- 
ens of international sports 

The flea claims as gradu- 
ates: Daley Thompson, the 
world decathlon champion; 
Frank Bnmo and Charlie 
Magri, the boxers; Kenny 
Sansom, footballer, Suzanne 
Dando, gymnast; David 
Smith, England cricketer, and 
: Sieve Davis, snooker player. 

Next week Ilea’s primary 
school chess team, aged 9 to 
1 1, plays three Tory and three 
Labour MPs. The last match 
was won by the school side 3* 
2 . 

An Alliance-run council has 
ruled that Conservative MPs 
planning to visit schools must 
dear their movements with 
county haS and set foot on the 
premises only if accompanied 
by a Liberal or Social Demo- 
cratic Party member of the 

Yesterday, controversy over 
the move by Devon County 
Coundl spilled into Westminr 
ster with Sir Peter Mills, 
Conservative MP for Torridge 
and West Devon, calling on 
Mr Kenneth Baker, Secretary 
of State for Education and 

Science, to guarantee the 
county’s MPs freedom of ac- 
cess to the classroom. 

Sir Peter said: “It’s a load of 
nonsense and I'm not having 
iL We have now a change in 
the powers of Devon County 
Coundl to a socialist and 
Liberal alliance and they are 
beginning to make certain 
rules and regulations, one of 
which is we should speak to 
county hall and get permission 
to visit a school or any other 
place run by the county like an 
old people's home:” 

He said that be had been 
dropping in on schools for 
more than 20 years, often at 
short notice when travelling in 
far-flung parts of the shire, not 
for party political reasons but 
to “look, listen and learn". 

Mr Patrick NichoUs, Con- 
servative MP for Teign bridge, 
said the ruling was a “down- 
right cheek” and an insult to 
his colleagues, who attend 
schools to talk about Parlia- 
ment not to indoctrinate pu- 

existing practice in me inter- 
ests of courtesy and good. 

manners so that visiting VIPs 
were accompanied by a senior 
coundl member. 

A spokesman said that un- 
der the code the relevant 
council chief officer, area offi- 
cer and chairman of school 
governors must be informed 
whenever an MP or MEP 
planned to visit a school. 

The chief officer would then 
inform the chief executive 
who would contact the chair- 
man and shadow chairman of 
the coundl committee in- 
volved, discuss the nature of 
the visit and arrange for 
invitations to be issued. 

Mr David Mack! in, 'the 
chief executive, told a meeting 
of the coundl's policy com- 
mittee that to “talk about 
obstructing MPs was not in 
any way contemplated". 

Pits visit depresses Tracey 

Mr Richard Tracey, Under 
Secretary of State for the 
Environment and a self-con- 
fessed country boy, was taken 
on a coach tow of some of die 
most depressed areas of the 
South Yorkshire coalfields 
yesterday. He pronounced 
himself deeply depressed by 
the experience. 

It was precisely die reaction 
that his hosts had desired. The 
Coalfield Communities Cam- 
paign, an organization com- 
prised of 70 local authorities hi 
mining regions throughout tbe 
country, are anxious to secure 
increased government aid to 
anprove the dismal environ- 
ment and poor job prospects 
that face the residents in many 
pit towns and villages. 

They invited Mr Tracey to 
see the conditions for himself. 
He was first taken from his 
hotel in the pleasant market 
town of Bawtry, near Doncas- 
ter, on a 20-minute journey to 

By Peter Davenport 

tbe Dearne valley towns of 
Thurnscoe, Goldthorpe and 
Bolton, an area known locally 
as the “valley of despair” 
because of a landscape blight- 
ed by the relics of decades of 
mining, high unemployment, 
poor housing and dismal eco- 
nomic prospects. 

The red, white and blue 
continental coach wound 
through Thurnscoe, past the 
pit and on to the main housing 
estate, passing under a railway 
bridge still daubed with the 
slogans of the miner's strike. 

From there Mr Tracey was 
taken to the town of Wadi and 
past the now-dosed Cortou- 
wood colliery, the so-called 
miners' “Alamo” where the 
coal strike began. 

Since 1980 some 3,700 jobs 
In the area have disappeared, 
with 1,160 of them in the past 
22 pwtfhs in the mining 
industry. The impact on local 

employment and the economy 
has been predictable. 

Male unemployment in ! 
Brampton Bierlow, the com- j 
m unity bordering Cottonwood, 
Is now 57 per rent. Mr Tracey 
was told of several schemes 
under consideration to combat 
unemployment, the lack of 
new job opportunities and 
increasing poverty. 

Mr Tracey said the cod of 
potting it all right was daunt- 
ing. Among the possibilities to 
be considered are increased 
funds from the EEC more 
money from the derelict land 
grant He also said there 
would be talks with British 
Coal to persuade it to release 
its unused land more readily to 
local authorities. 

He also thought it may be 
worthwhile for the Coalfield 
Communities Campaign to in- 
vite Mr Richard Branson, the 
bead of the record and airline 
company. Virgin, to the area. 







73 KnighubridK 5-W.I 01-235 7218 
100 New Bond Sum W.I 01-029 W75 
17 Old Bond Siren W.i 01-499 7343 
5 Cork Siren W.I 01-734 7301 
46 Cumn Sued W.I 01-629 4389 
29 Un* Street EC 3 01-623 5036 
2 Victoria CoUonade. Southampton Row 
W.C2 01-831 8084 



Women priests 

Our report on women 
priests of June 25 should have 
said that 7.1 16 women replied 
to the Bishop of London on 
the issue, along with 4,760 

si?7lfc YuwaBvfe Wn 400 

KGB man 
blamed for 
tales by 
‘novel’ spy 

provide equipment for labora- 
tories and workshops. They 
have supported in-service 
training for teachers. They 
have promoted more staff 
interchange between industry 
and education. 

His consultative document 
describes some examples of 
what companies are doing: 

• 1CI is helping redundant 
staff to switch careers by 
taking teacher-training 
courses at Manchester Poly- 

• Some GEC units are paying 
mathematics teachers as con- 
sultants for five weeks during 
term tune. 

• Pilkington Brothers and 
Thom EMI Electronics offer 
teachers secondments during 
term time as a way of giving 
them more experience of the 
practical applications of sci- 
ence and high technology. 

pi Is, and to teachers, who were 
perfectly capable of stopping 
any abuses. 

The edict was issued, it is 
understood, after protests by 
Alliance councillors over the 
activities of Lord O'Hagan, 
Conservative MEP for Devon, 
fearful he was giving young 
minds the political version of 
the blue rinse. 

He has angrily denied the 
suggestion and claimed he is 
the. victim of “political 
censorship” by the Alliance- 
dominated coalition running 
the council. 

But yesterday the council 
denied that political factors 
had played any part in the 
decision. It merely codified 
existing practice in the inter- 

! - By Michael McCarthy 

A Russian KGB defector 
who wanted a new life in the 
West with his mistress was 
responsible for the unfounded 
spying allegations against Mr 
John Bothwell, die former US 
naval commander and CIA 
man, cleared of a secrets 
charge m London this week. 

That was the opinion of Mr 
Both well himself as he relaxed 
yesterday with his wife, Anne, 
at their home in Bath. 

A one-time submariner, Mr 
BothweO, aged 59, is an 
, example of that familiar fig- 
ure, the military man who has 
turned to an international 
business career. But If he has 
managed to cut his links with 
- the intelligence community, as 
| he cfe tmyj, he has nevertheless 
kept its habits of mind. 

Viktor Godarer, the defec- 
tor, ostensibly the Soviet mari- 
time trade delegate in Piraeus, 
the port of Athens, and in 
reality a KGB colonel, was a 
I business associate of Mr 
Bothwell, who owned a ship- 
ping company in the port after 
leaving the US Government, 
be says. 

"Besides Us wife in Russia, 

I Gudarev had a mistress in 
Greece with whom he wanted 
I to begin life again in tbe West. 
“He wasn’t running away from 
communism,” Mr Bothwell 
said. “He was muting away 
from his old lady in Moscow.” 

Last February Gudarev 
handed himself over to the 
Americans In Athens and, Mr 
Bothwell alleged, provided 
them frith a list of 20 names of 
his “contacts" to ensure him- 
self and his mistress a warm 
welcome. “They were the 
aarnes of Greek-Bfwal officers 
and American citizens, but to 
the best of my knowledge not 
one of the others has been 
charged with anything,” he 

But Mr Bothwell had served 
as a senior officer in the US 
submarine service, finishing 
his career in nuclear vessels 
with the top-secret Submarine 
Development Group in New 
London, Conneticut And he 
was a CIA man. He was a 
prime candidate for suspicion. 

He admitted yesterday that 
he started Us Greek-based 
shipping company in I960 
while he was a serving CIA 
agent and began his business 
contacts with the Russians on 
CIA instructions. But be de- 
nied his company was ever a 
CIA front 

During their numerous 
meetings at Piraeus waterfront 

staff plan 


% mmmm 

i WMmm 

■ ,-a. v . ... 

' : " 


Mr John Bothwell, recoim tin 
Russian M 
tavernas Mr Both writ found 
himself questioned by 
Gudarev about American af- 
fairs, and knowing — “like 
everyone else in Piraeus”, he 
said yesterday - the Russian’s 
true identity, the former CIA 
man could not resist the 
opportunity to (day foe old 
enemy along. 

“I took as my role model the 
character in Oar Man in 
Havana by Graham Greene, 
who enlarges foe diagram of a 
vacuum cleaner to make it look 
like the plans for a new 
weapon," he said. 

“Gudarev would ask me 
questions about various issues 
of US policy he saw in 7une or 
Newsweek under foe mistaken 
impression that 1 could au- 
thenticate them, and 1 would 
just flam up foe replies. 

“I was charged under the 
Official Secrets Ac t and there 
were no secrets anywhere on 
the horizon." 

Speaking of his arrest and 

• the “spy stories" he told to a 
rB defector. 

detention, Mr Bothwell said 
that he was followed from his 
home by the Special Branch 
and arrested at Paddington 
Station and interrogated for 
four days at foe top-security 
Paddington Green police 

He was then held in Worm- 
wood Scarabs for six weeks 
until released on hail when if 
began to become clear that foe 
charges against him were 

“The other prisoners asked 
me what I was in for and I used 
to reply, doable parking." 

He finds it hard to believe it 
took so long to dear his name 
but is surprisingly unbitter 
abont his treatment. “The 
British system of justice is 
very fair and I was well- 
treated," he said. 

“I will have to see if I can get 
my business going ; again but 
obviously it has been damaged 
by the affair," he said. 

Long shadow of South 
Africa over Games 

By John Good body. Sports News Correspondent 

Boy George is under 
medical supervision’ 

The shadow of South Africa 
has loomed over most big 
sporting events in foe last 25 
years, although it has not 
taken part in the Olympics 
since 1960 and the Common- 
wealth Games, since 1958. 

Their apartheid policy first 
caused them to be excluded 
from foe Olympics in 1964. 
They were readmitted to foe 
Olympic movement for foe 
1968 Games in Mexico City 
when they were to have sent a 
multi-racial team. 

The Supreme Coundl for 
Sport in Africa threatened to 
boycott foe Games if South 
Africa took part, and were 
supported by other Third 
World countries. The Interna- 
tional Olympic Committe 
(IOC) backed down and with- 
drew foe invitation. 

Four years later, it was foe 
turn of Rhodesia. Fifteen days 
before foe Games opened m 
Munich a similar threat by 
black African nations again 
forced foe IOC to withdraw 
the invitation on a 

The Africans were so heart- 
ened by their success that they 
switched their attention next 
to countries which had sport- 
ing links with South Africa. 

in 1975 foe New Zealand 
All Blacks played rugby 
against foe Springboks. On foe 
eve of the 1976 Olympics in 
Montreal foe Supreme Coun- 
cil for Sport in Africa threat- 
ened another boycott unless 
New Zealand were barred 
from participating. 

But foe lateness of their 
threat and foe lack of support 
from other Third World coun- 
tries led to little support. The 
IOC called foe Africans’ bluff 
and on foe day the Games 
opened, 22 nations withdrew 
and six who might have been 
expected to arrive, did not do 

The Commonwealth 
Games, known as foe “Friend- 
ly Games", had never been 
affected by any threat of a 
boycott and when Nigeria 
attempted to lead a walkout in 
1978 at Edmonton, again over 
a rugby tour with New Zea- 
land, they were unsuccessful, 
with no other nation following 

If the Edinburgh Games are 
foe subject of a widespread 
boycott, this will be the first , 
lime that foe quadrennial | 
Games have been affected on , 

Boy George, the pop singer 
alleged to have an £800-a-day 
heroin habit, was last night 
under round the clock medical 
supervision, according to a 
statement issued by Virgin 
Records, the record company. 

Vizgin said that foe singer, 
aged 25. whose real name is 
George O’Dowd, had been in 
medical care since 10 am on 
Monday and that foe police 
had been "fully informed of 
foe position” 

The police had earlier been 
anxious to question him after 
a raid in search of drugs on his 
home in Abercora Place, St 
John’s Wood, north London. 
No drugs were found at the 
house of foe singer who works 
with foe group Culture Club. 

But five people, including 
Boy George's friend Marilyn, 
aged 23, foe singer, appeared 
in court in London yesterday 
on drugs charges as a result of 
the police swoop which cov- 
ered a number of houses. 

Marilyn, whose real name is 
Peter Robinson, was chained 
with possessing an unspecified 
amount of heroin and re- 
manded on unconditional bail 
until July 23 by Marylebone 
Magistrates Court. 

He had been arrested during 
the raid on his home at 

a lame scale. 

Leading article, page 17 

Pembridge Villas, Padding- 
ton, London, on Tuesday. 

Kevin O’ Dowd, aged 26, 
Boy George's brother, of Well 
Road, Hampstead, also ap- 
peared in court jointly chaiged 
with conspiracy to supply the 
singer with heroin and was 
remanded in custody for a 
week after magistrates with-, 
drew his £5,000 police bail. 

The others on the joint 
charge, Anna Tinmaung, aged 
28, of AJwyne Road, Islington, 
north London. Diana Feiner, 
aged 34, and Steven Luben, 
aged 35, both of Westbourne 
Terrace, Paddington, west 1 
London, were also remanded 
in custody. 

•: '■ •/ j 

Marilyn arriving at court 

Murdoch seeks curb on picketing 

US plastic 
lemon in 
court fight 

By Thomson Prentice _ 
Science Correspondent 
Plans- to increase foe num-. 
berofhospital consultants and 
introduce a new career struc- 
ture for hospital doctors to 
help to solve foe National 
Health Service manpower cri- 
sis were announced by. Mr. 
Barney Hayhoe, foe Minister 
for Health, yesterday. ■ 

The proposals will lay the 
foundation for resolving long- 
standing problems of hospital 
medical staffing and will be in 
foe interests of patients and 
doctors alike, he said. 

The plans are contained as 
recommendations in a consul- 
tative document drafted after 
talks between foe Minister, 
consultants' representatives, 
health 'deparnnems and health 

One hundred new consul- 
tant posts are to be created in 
general medicine and in gener- 
al surgery and traumatic and 
orthopaedic surgery. They will 
be in addition to a continuing 
expansion of consultant num- 
bers by 2 per cent a year. 

The present level of about 
16,000 consultants would be 
i increased by about 5,600 by 
foe year 2000. A scheme to 
allow early retirement or par- 
tial retirement of consultants 
aged over 60 will be intro- 
duced as will a new grade of 
hospital specialists below foe 
rank of consultant 
There will be a systematic 

By Tim Jones 

A High Court judge was 
yesterday asked to gram in- 

junctions ordering foe print 
unions and six of their promi- 
nent members to stop organiz- 
ing unlawful picketing outside 
the News International pub- 
lishing plant at Wapping, east 
London, and other premises 
owned by the company. 

The action comes after 
months of large scale picket- 
ing. demonstrations and 
marches outside foe News 
International plant organized 
after the dismissal of print 
union employees when they 
went on strike. 

Mr Anthony Grabiner. QC. 
said there was evidence to 
show that foe action against 
the plants had been “planned 
and orchestrated". He said the 
beginning of the story went 
back to the well-known prob- 
lems of Fleet Street, stem- 
ming. as the employer would 
say. from foe reluctance of 
unions to accept new technol- 
ogy or up to date working 

Mr Grabiner said that the 
unions operated working prac- 
tices under which 100 employ- 
ees paid for working an eight- 
hour shift would divide it so 
they worked only four hours 
and in addition maintained a 
stranglehold on distribution. 

The injunction is being 
sought by News Group News- 
papers. Times Newspapers, 
News International, News In- 
ternational Distribution, 
News International Supply 
Company, London Post 
(Printers), and Miss Pamela 
Hamilton-Dick, an advertis- 
ing executive. 

In Miss Hamilton-Dick's 
case, an order was being 
sought against four of the 
named defendants from sub- 

jecting her or inciting others to 
abuse or harass tier with 

threatening or intimidatory 
language such as “filthy bitch, 
scab, stag, bitch, or Judas". 

The defendants in the case 
are: Sogai '82; the National 
Graphical Association 1982; 
Mr William Freeman, acting 
chairman of the London ma- 
chine room branch of Sogat; 
Mr Michael Hicks, a commit- 
tee member of Sogat London 
central branch; Mr Michael 
Britton, a member of foe 
national executive committee 
of Sogat-Mr Edward Chard, 
branch secretary of London 
central branch of Sogat and 
also an executive committee 
member. Mr Charles Chen-ill, 
acting secretary of foe London 
machine branch of Sogat; and 
Mr Christopher Robbins. 
London district secretary of 

The action also seeks to ban 

any unlawful picketing, nui- 
sance or obstruction outside 
or near any premises of TNT 
Road freight (UK), foe compa- 
ny that distributes newspapers 
published by foe group. 

On their action, foe compa- 
nies are seeking to enforce the 
guidelines drawn up under foe 
Trade Union Act, 1982, which 
limits the number of pickets 
allowed at a place of work to 

Mr Grabiner said that News 
Group acquired the Wapping 
plant in 1978 but it became 
“something of an albatross" 
after talks with the unions 
broke down. In March 1985. 
foe company drew up a con- 
tingency plan to use Wapping 
if the production of foe titles 
became impossible. 

“They did that for entirely 
sensible reasons so that, in the 
event of some further dispute, 
they would be free to publish 
and distribute without 
difficulty," Mr Grabiner said. 

He said that although nego- 
tiations with foe print unions 
re-opened in September 1985. 
“the battle lines were clearly 
drawn". Thai came after 
union demands lor guaran- 
teed employmentuntil retire- 
ment and wage increases in 
line with foe Retail Price 

Mr Rupert Murdoch, chair- 

man of News International, 
had written to all employees 
appealing to them to continue 
doing their jobs but members 
of both unions bad voted for 
strike action. 

After voting for strike ac- 
tion on January 24. 1986, the 
company implemented its 
contingency plan and moved 
to Wapping. 

Mr Grabiner said: “We say 
that foe unlawful behaviour 

Court is lost 
for words 

day because there was no 
official interpreter for one of 
the defendants, who is French- 
speaking. ' 

With 32 witnesses waiting 
to give evidence magistrates at 

review of registrar pests over a 
number of years with foe 
object of converting registrar 
to consultant posts. 

Newly appointed consul- 
tants in foe acute specialties 
are to have a greater direct 
involvement in patient care 
and in direct supervision and 
training of ibeir junior staff. 
That would be subject to the 
proviso that support staffing 
should not be reduced below a 
minimum number . 

The implementation of .foe 
proposals is scheduled to be- 
gin on January 1. 

Dr Maurice Burrows, chair- 
man of foe British Medical 
Association central committee 
for hospital medical services, 
said: "The plans will mean 
more patients being seen by 
senior doctors, and we hope 
there will be a reduction in 
NHS waiting lists " 

Dr Peter Hawker, chairman I 
of foe BMA hospital junior 
staff committee, said: "This is 
foe breakthrough we need. For 
years, frilly trained doctors 
have been unable to find 
consultant posts." 

Animals left 

in cemetery 

- Rats and rabbits taken from 
the animal house at foe John 
Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford* by 
anti-vivisectionists who cut a 
two-foot hole through a metal 
covered fire door, were found 
abandoned in a cemetery. 

Tbe Central Animal Libera- 
tion League said that it carried 
out the raid on Tuesday in 
protest at “brutal and futile” 
experiments but Mr Tony 
Stapleton, the hospital general 
manager, said that the animals 
were used for breeding. . 

Football club 
struggles on 

Wolverhampton Wanderers 
Football Club won a further 
reprieve in foe Court V of 
Appeal yesterday from a wind- 
ing up order, made a. year ago. 
A stay of execution was ex- 
tended to July 30, pending ah 
adjourned appeal. 

The court was told that 
negotiations have been going 
on with foe Football League 
for a nqw club to take over 
with foe same name. But debts 
of foe old club have to be 

Israeli held 

in custody 

Mrs Gitit Dozner, aged 37, 
an Israeli, was yesterday -fur- 
ther remanded in custody on 
an extradition warrant,, by 
Bow Street Magistrates' 
Court until July 16, charged 
with murdering Yosef 
Yisraelov, her husband, on 
January 26 in Tel Aviv. 

Mrs Dozner has lived at her 
sister’s home in Glen Hill 
Cose, Crouch End, north 
London, since arriving in 
Britain in March. 

Sailor rescued 
from a hedge 

Mr John Fay, a berth atten- 
dant in the Royal Navy, had 
to be rescued yesterday from 
the middle of a 10-foot thorn 

Mr Fay, aged 33, was dip- 
ping foe hedge outside mar- 
ried quarters at Poole Park 
Road, Plymouth; Devon, 
when his steps moved, he fell 
into it and stuck. Six firemen, 
a policeman and an ambu- 
lance crew helped him escape. 

‘Bomb walk’ 
in England 

which is going on is foe direct 
result of the defendants' 

result oi 

"We say that foe unlawful- 
ness flows out of the activities 
of the defendants. We also say 
these must have been well 
appreciated by the defendants 
from the outset." 

Monsignor Bruce Kent, 
aged 57, CND campaigner, 
completed the first phase of a 
400 mile walk yesterday as he 
crossed the border horn Scot- 
land into England, 

He is walking from Faslane, 
the Polaris base on the Clyde, 
to BurghfiekL in. Berkshire, 
along the “nuclear bomb" 
route and will complete the 
walk next month. 

1 tcW 

> n 

An American version of the 
plastic squeezy lemon was 
given the godhead by a High 
Court judge in London yester- 
day in spite of objections from 
the makers of foe Jif lemon. \ 
■ Alter a two-day court battled 
Mr Justice Whitford refused 
to grant Reckitt and Cohnan 
an injunction banning Borden 
Inc, an American food compa- 
ny, from launching on to fop 
British market a rival to Jif, 
which Colman has sold for 3Q 

The judge said Borden 
claimed that it was being 
squeezed out. of foe bottled 
lemon juice market because of 
a price war with Colman and 
now needed to “do battle" on 
foe squeezy lemon front. 

Tbe judge said that Borden 
had tried to make its lemon 
sufficiently different to avoid 
confusion with the Jif. The 
“balance of convenience” was 
against granting an injunction 
pending triaL : 

i.-.- v 

A court appearance by fivfe 
women accused of crintinal 
damage was adjourned yestetf- 

to give evidence magistrates at 
Banbury, Oxfordshire, ad- 

journed the case. The defen- 
dants, who gave their address 
as Greenham Common, Berk- 
shire, -are' .alleged to have 
daubed slogans on an FI-3 1 
fighter -bomber, worth 
£10 million, at foe USAF 
base*. Upper Heyford, 

[girt told 


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. . V;„ 

1 VS'. • ■ 

Mr Grabiner referred , to a 
statement by Miss Brenda 
Dean. ^ general secretary of 
Sogat '82, in which she ex- 
pressed the view that the 
granting of an injunction 
would seriously inhibit the 
possibility of a settlement of 
the dispute. I 

During foe hearing, which is 1 
expected to last eight days, j 
oiber union officials are ex - . 
peered to say that irrespective 

Insurance for 

of any injunctions, individual 
members will continue' their 

members will continue' foeir 
picketing activities because of 
Their strength of feeling. 

A “Driverplus" legal protec- 
tion insurance scheme aimed 
at closing gaps in existing 
cover, was launched yester- 

' Policyholders with Legal 
Benefits Ltd will be able to qse 
a service which will enable a 
solicitor or barrister .to repre- 
sent them if foeyare in danger, 
of losing their licence. But it 
' will not cover drinfcdriving 
offences where . a 1 driver., is 
twice cw the- legal limit 

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Bar chairman criticizes 
government policy 
on restricting legal aid 

-A strong -attack 
Government's policy of re- 
stricting the Inal aid scheme 
ana ns lack of commitment” 
to maintaining legal services 
*as made last night by the 
chairman of the Bar, Mr 
Robert Alexander, QC. 

The policy was in danger of 
paving the way to a national 
government legal service, he 

4 No political party support- 
ed such a service when the 
Royal Commission on i*gai 
Services reported in 1979. But 
ww two groupings had 
thought the idea “worthy at 
least of discussion”. 

. The Government appeared 
to have abandoned the princi- 
ples of the legal aid scheme 
that such aid should be avail- 
able to those of ’poor and 
moderate means; and that 
lawyers should be paid reason- 
ably for work done. . 

Mr Alexander, addressing 
the annua] general meeting of 
Justice, the law reform group, 
tn London, urged action both 
.by the profession and die 

- The legal profession must 
move towards providing a 
“high street” service with 
barristers acting as travelling 

By Fiances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 
on the consultants touring the coun- that criminal 
try, he said. 

Greater ease of access by the 
public must be encouraged by 
a “prominently displayed 
service”, not forbidding, re- 
mote or uninviting. 

Barristers should also be- 
come wilting and be petmined 
to travel to conferences with 
clients and be available to 
hold a series of such confer- 
ences in a particular town 
from time to time, he said. 

“This would provide, m 
effect, a local consultancy 
service to solicitors.” he said. 

The profession should also 
unite in simplifying the law 
and its procedures; in moving 
towards more written pro- 
ceedings and in greater disclo- 
sure of argument between the 
parties; and in more work for 
“less than a reasonable fee”. 

The Government, for its 
part, should “scent the dan- 
gers of a national legal 
service” and “shape a round- 
ed, foil policy to improve 
access to the law”. Legal aid 
must oot be allowed to be- 
come a “second class service.” 

No political party was more 
steadfast in its avowed com- 
mitment to law and order, he 
said. Yet the Government had 
not been anxious to ensure 

lawyers were 
“properly paid”; and had cut 
back on eligibility for civil 
legal aid. 

ll “seems prepared to allow 
standards to (bop, U> force 
solicitors to give up criminal 
legal aid work, and to risk the 
quality of future judges by 
what Lord R os kill described 
recently in the House of Lords 
as ‘parsimony’.” 

In 1979 the Royal Commis- 
sion on Legal Services had 
urged that legal aid, then 
0.16 percent of the public 
spending bill, should be given 
a higher priority. 

But legal aid was still only 
0.22 per cent of public expen- 
diture. More has been spent 
on the scheme, Mr Alexander 
said, but the progress has been 
“within the limitation of the 
general government approach 
to control expenditure”. 

He also attacked the 
Government's failure to make 
a statement of policy on the 
future funding of law centres. 
The Royal Commission urged 
that there be adequate re- 
sources for a network of law 
centres and the Government 
in 1983 said an announcement 
would be made “in due 
course.” But no policy state- 
ment had been forthcoming. 

struggle! * 

Court told 
of ‘murder 

■* A woman offered a £10,000 
“contract” to a man tomurder 
her former husband because 
she believed her divorce set- 
tlement was unfair, Cardiff 
Crown Court was told 

• Mrs Joyce Topham, aged 
48, is alleged to have said: “1 
want him done. I want him 
dead and I want to be there 
when he is killed.” 

Mrs Topham was also 
“obsessed” with getting back 
'incriminating documents 
from her former husband, a 

■ wealthy businessman, about 
her involvement as a casino 

.'partner in “black money” 
cash not declared for gaming 
or tax punwses. Mr Gerard 
Elias, QC, for the prosecution, 

Mrs Topham, of The Walk. 
Roaih, Cardiff denies mur- 
dering KennetfrTpphaxn, aged t 
68, who was found dead at his* 

’ home in Wordsworth Avenue, 
-Caidifli in September last 
year.- . ' 

She also pleads not guilty to 
soliciting William John Jones 
to murder himand denies 
burglary at Mr Topham' s 
home and the theft of papers. 

She was prepared “to go to 
:any lengths” to get the papers 
back, Mr Elias said. 

■ The case continues. 

£31,000 paid for 
Roman treasure 

■ By Norman Hammond, Archaeology Correspondent 

The British Museum has 
paid £31,001 for a Roman 
jeweller's board, decribed as 
the most spectactular to have 
been found this decade. 

Details of the hoard, found 
last summer and now judged 
to be treasure trove, have been 
disclosed in the latest issue of 

The hoard was discovered 
in a trench on a building she at 
Snettisham. Norfolk, by Mr 
George Onslow, who was 
operating a mechanical exca- 
vator. When he took the 
pottery vessel home he found 
that it contained a large 
collection of gold and silver 
coins and jewellery. He report- 
ed the find to the local 
-museum. - 

The pot, which was less 
than eight inches high, con- 
tained more than 350 objects. 
Some of the-hnger-pieces had - 
been bent to get them in. 

“It is a very remarkable 
collection,” Dr Timothy Pot- 
ter, of the British Museum, 
said. He is in charge of 
publishing the find. 

There were 110 Roman 
coins, 83 of them stiver denar- 
ii. 110 unmounted engraved 
gems of red cornelian, a “vast 
array” of silver rings, brace- 
lets, necklaces and pendants, 
and silver bars and scrap. 

The scrap silver, in the form 
of broken bars, sheets and 
wire, shows that the hoard was 
the working stock-in-trade of a 

Not all the objects were of 
precious metal: there were two 
tools, one of quartz and one of 
copper, a copper-alloy seal 
box decorated v^th enamel 
and still retaining its string, 
and numerous copper and 
bronze coins. 

Mr Onslow and the land- 
owner, Mr Richard Medlock, 
were anxious that the whole 
find should stay together, and 
the British Museum has ac- 
quired all the objects. 

Initial study has shown that 
the latest coins are of AD155, 
and that date, together with 
the style of the jewellery, 
indicates a mid-second centu- 
ry deposition of the board. 

The jewellery is berog stud- 
ied by Dr Catherine Johns, a 
colleague of Dr Potter, at the 
British Museum. “Our jewel- 
ler was* not an especially 
accomplished craftsman”, Dr 
Potter reports from her find- 
ings, “but this in some ways 
confers even greater interest 
on the find, since one can 
begin to understand what was 
available in a fairly rural area 
Source Antiquity. 60. pps 137- 

Launch of Rover 800 

A clean break with the past 

Austin Rover has gone to 
..extraordinary lengths to en- 
•\sure that today's launch of the 
'.new Rover 800 executive 
"'saloon does not suffer the 
'-same disastrous start as its 
•‘predecessor. . 

Within days of the launch of 
'the ok! Rover 10 years ago, 
there were so many com- 
plaints of inferior quality and 
,:poor reliability that a director 
of the then Solihull-based 
Rover company later admit- 
ted: “It was a nightmare of a 
■debut for a car which had 
received rave reviews and for 
which we had such high hopes, 
jt was two years before it 
-'recovered.” . 

: Austin Rover’s lack of a 
- modem contender in the most 
profitable sector of the market 

■ has seriously jeopardized tne 
company’s slow recovery. 

3 About 70 per cent of ass to 
the sector are bought by 
m company fleets. , 

The overall market shareof 
‘ the Rover Group (formerly 
BL) has fallen from 1 8 per cent 
in the first six months last year 
to 16.5 per cent m the same 
period this year and it is in 

Sanger of being overtaken by 

General Motors (Vauxball- 

• °Austin Rover haschos^j 
'only the most experience 

• workers to man ns assembly 
’ lines at the Cowley factory 

■ near Oxford where the newcar 

is being builL They. have been 

through a training pro- 

By Clifford Webb, Motoring Correspondent 

ally checking the quality of 
cars leaving the line. 

Mr Musgrove said; “We 
have got to get it right this 
time. There will be no second 
chance. I would rather be 
short of cars than give it a 
lousy start.” . 

As a result it will be in short 
supply for the next few 
months but that could prove 
to be an advantage. It will 
remove any temptation deal- 
ers have to discount the car. 

Only 1,500 are in the show- 
rooms for today's launch. 
They are all silver metallic in 
colour because that is believed 
to show the car to its best 
advantage. . . 

Production is expected soon 
to reach 750 a week and 1,500 
by the end of the year. Peak 
production of the old model at 
Solihull was 1,600 a weefc 

The transverse engine, front 
wheel drive 800 range is 
available with two engine 
sizes: a new Austin Rover 
designed 2 litre lean burn unit 
and a more powerfuL all alloy 
15 litre Honda V6. Both 

engines have the latest four 
valves per cylinder layout 

The two litre 820i and 820Si 
and the bigger engined 825i 
and Steriing form the initial 
launch lino-up. They will be 
joined shortly by the cheaper 
820E and 820SE models fitted 
with AusliQ Rover's own sin- 
gle point injection system. 

Launch prices range from 
£1 1 ,820 for the 820i to 
£18,794 for the lavishly 
equipped Sterling. 

My initial reaction after 
trying both engine sizes is that 
Rover now has an executive 
car to stand alongside the 
competition. I was particular- 
ly impressed by the small 
powered delivery of the 
Longbridgo-made two litre en- 
gine with a claimed top speed 

Ride and handling of both 
versions are up to the best 
European standards. They are 
also economical on foeL Early 
evidence suggests that the two 
litre will exceed 30mpg while 
the V6 will do 28mpg. 

Rover’s tough fight to 
win back its market 

The new Rover 800 is being 
pitched into battle against 

established competitors who 
have taken advantage of the 
declining years of the ow 
Rover in a sector of the market 

pul through s BgJJJg- jtai accounts tor «*rly 

- the company s — - — 

chief; describes as “the most 
-intensive ever in a British car 

Thetougbest rival by for fe 


is traditionally booted. With 
lies ranging from 23 to 
pins a tarbo-charged ver- 
sion, it has an increasingly 
Strom following. Prices range 
from £10374 for the 740GL to 
£18365 for the 125mph 760 

The German-made Opel 
Senator, rehadged as a 
VauxhalL was first seen 

tensive cm The touguesi “ Vauxhali, was Urst seen in 

cnn inintlv de- the 1-8 to 23 btre Fort |977and must soon be dne for 

The Rover 8 W, jomuy o. Granada, launched id April ^kang. Bm it has taken 

vcloped with 1985, which “jjt advantage of the Cavaiiar’s 

designed for ease ofs wsemn i y &hed itself ^ the leader with success in the fleet 

It takes 40 man hows 2 per cent of the British jar sectw t0 ^ substantial or- 

compared with 80 tor market With pnees ranging for company bought exec- 

, model. a d- from £8399 it will undercut ^ye cars. It comes in a choice 

Furthermore, the mos- ^ ^gajpest Rover by nearly 0 f 23 and 3 litre engines with 

■ vanced inspection m^ £3,000. J . u M prices ranging from £12326 to 

In Europe has ban .mart* The Granada afeobas one £ 15i674 _ 

big But the « everyone is 

Sixty-two , possible operated tiying to match in quality and 

?^„d SmomauJTs‘oP lability is the Kceufly 

faults and auionw« * stons. Only tne Mercedes 200- 


_ s 3 — ^ 

number two m 
Volvo’s big 



■ MuStiv^the company chair- ^he VfllTO S ™ #*• 

™fha* •«£*■«»£ SCo*hfcb as ova. the Rover 
early hours at Cowley perw* ( 

launched new Mercedes 200- 
300 range priced between 
£13,125 and £18.730. 

Another car that will be much 
sought after will be the newly 
launched Renault 25. 

Trifc Yiivl.cS i HuRSLrAY j u Lx iu 1^66 

nOiviiJ iSb w o 

Mallard’s age of steam comes to the rescue 

Convert to 
fallow call 
by Jopling 

A voluntary scheme to take 
land out of production was 
greatly preferable to compul- 
sory quotas on cereals, Mr 
Michael Jopling, Minister of 
Agriculture, said yesterday 
(John Young writes). 

Mr Jopling was speaking at 
the annual harvest luncheon 
of the Horae Grown Cereals 

No one could pretend that 
the fundamental problem fee- 
ing cereals had been over- 
come, he said. 

“United Kingdom barley 
sold out of intervention for 
export last week achieved a 
price of about £40 a tonne. It 
had been bought at a price well 
over £100 a tonne.” 

A voluntary scheme to con- 
vert arable land to fellow, to 
woodlands or to crops not in 
surplus at least merited fur- 
ther discussion, be said. 

Batter moves, page 9 

Itemized phone bills nearer 

The race is on between 
British Telecom and Mercury, 
its rival, to be the first to 
introduce itemized telephone 
bills to domestic subscribers 
on a large scale (Bill Johnstone 

Both plan to offer the 
service next year but BT will 
charge for it 

Itemized bills, which are 
standard in the United States, 
have been long sought after by 
consumers. Disputes about 
telephone bills is still one of 
the main sources of com- 

plaints made to the Office of 
Telecommunications (Oftri). 
the consumer watchdog for 
the industry. 

Mercury has about 400 
business corporations as its 
customer base and is offering 
itemized billing now as stan- 
dard to all users on its 
network. Last April, Mercury 
became a national service 
when it interconnected with 
the British Telecom network. 

A concerted effort is to be 
made in September to attract 
small business users. Next 

year the domestic user will be 
the prime target. 

For the present British 
Telecom is only offering item- 
ized billing in Bristol and 
Bath, , where an experiment 
involving 35,000 customers is 
taking place. A plan to intro- 
duce tne service last year was 
scrapped and the corporation 
has chosen to offer it piece- 

The service should be intro- 
duced next year and on offer 
to half of BTs customers by 
the end of the decade. 

Execution fear in deportation case 

An Iranian drug smi 

who feces deportation 

Britain may- be executed for 
politicakreasons if be is re- 
turned to Iran, his lawyer said 
last night. 

Mr David Gray said that the 
decision to send home his 
client, Hamid Monazeh, aged 
25. who is on hunger strike in 
Durham prison, was 
“despicable” in the light of the 

double ha ng in g in Malaysia. 

Mr Gray has appealed to the 
Home Office to look at the 
case again. He said that “there 
really seems to be a genuine 
fear that he will be executed if 
he returns to Iran” but the 
Home Office was “turning a 
blind eye to the prospect”. 

Monazeh was jailed for five 
years for smuggling drugs into 
Britain but served only three 

irs of the sentence. He was 
for a year but rearrested 
last month and told he was 
being deported because he had 
not found a new home in a 
country other than Iran or 

The Home Office said yes- 
terday: “We are trying to 
arrange travel documents for 
this man's deportation.” 

The world's fastest steam 
engine which made a nostalgic 
return to the railway lines 
yesterday, 23 years after going 
into retirement ( Angelin John- 
son writes.) 

The Mallard, pride of the 
National Railway Museum's 
collection Is leading British 
Rails's attempt to save the 
threatened Scarboroagh Spa 
Express Steam Service. 

Her record-breaking 
126 mph ran In Jnly 1938 
compared to a maximum 
71 mph on yesterday’s jour- 
ney, from York to Scarbor- 
ough via Ktrltham Wood, for 
which 450 people paid £25. 

British Rail is hoping the 
Mallard and four other super- 
stars of the steam era, the City 
of Truro, the City of Wells, 
Green Arrow and Alderman 
Draper, will put new life into 
the spedaliast service. 

This year’s steam series will 
be limited to twice daily roimd 
trips between York and Scar- 
borough on Sundays only, 
from July 20 to August 17 
inclusive, followed by one final 
trip by the Mallard on Bank 
Holiday Monday, August 25. 

(Photograph: John Voos) 

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Chalker defends Thatcher 

Trial by jury 

Foreign Secretary mission to Africa not a lost cause 


The visit of Sir Geoffrey Howe, 
the Foreign Secretary and Presi- 
dent of the EEC Council of 
Foreign Ministers, to South 
Africa was perhaps the last 
chance to get a successful di- 
alogue going. Mrs Lynda 
Chalker. Minister of State for 
Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs, told the Commons. 

She declared that it was wrong 
to assume that the mission 
would fail. This is not a lost 
cause (she said). We are trying 
again the road to persuasion. We 
can still help to get negotiations 

A steady positive effort was 
going on to get a dialogue for 
negotiations going between all 
peoples in South Africa. 

ThcGovemment believed the 
unconditional release of Nelson 
Mandela and other detainees 
was the key to bringing an end to 
violence and getting the di- 
alogue moving for a peaceful, 
evolutionary solution to the 

When Mr Denis Healey, chief 
Opposition spokesman on for- 
eign and Commonwealth af- 
fairs. maintained that the Prime 
Minister had cut the ground 
from under the Foreign 
Secretary's feet and had made 
his mission impossible, Mrs 
Chalker retorted that if anyone 
had made Sir Geoffrey's po- 
sition impossible and sought to 
persuade people not even to 
meet him. it was Mr Healey. 

An angry Mr Healey con- 
tended that was disgraceful and 
after a point of aider by him 
Mrs Chalker said she would 
withdraw it. 

Mr Healey said that what the 
Minister of State must accept 
was the depth of feeling against 
Mrs Thatcher among the gov- 
ernments or the front line states 
and among many Common- 
wealth and European countries, 
which was illustrated by the 
withdrawal of Nigeria from the 
Commonwealth Grames. 

Thai is something (he said) 
the Prime Minister should be a 
great deal more sensitive about 
than she had shown in ber 
bizarre series of interviews. 

Mrs Chalker said if all MPs 
would consider the con- 
sequences of each and every- 
thing being discussed, they 
might come up with a far better 
solution than those shouted and 
barracked about by Labour 

When the long exchanges on 
the crisis in South Africa began. 
Mrs Chalker said the 12 mem- 
bers of the European Commu- 
nity were united in a common 
policy designed to hasten the 
progress of peaceful reform and 
to encourage the South African 
Government to begin a dialogue 
with genuine representatives of 
the black population. 

The aim of Sir Geoffrey 
Howe's mission was w try to 
establish the conditions in 
which the necessary negotia- 
tions could commence. - - 
Mr Douglas Hoyle (Warrington 
North Lab) asked if it would not 
be sensible for Sir Geoffrey to 
call off this useless charade, 
particularly as it had been 

South. O said it was a Conser- 
vative government which se- 
cured a solution to the problems 
of Rhodesia after years of abject 
failure by the Labour Party. 
Mrs Chalker said she seemed to 
remember a previous Prime 
Minister thinking he c ould ef- 
fect a quick answer, in approxi- 
mately 1965, but it took another 
14 years. 

Mr Peter Temple-Moms 
(Leominster. C). supporting Sir 
Geoffrey’s mission, said he went 
on behalf of all the EEC coun- 

make partisan points which 
does no good for the aspirations 
of the black people of South 

We support the action of the 
Foreign Secretary but expect 
that if he is unsuccessful, the 

Will Mrs Chalker say that she 
shares the Prime Minister's 
view ihat economic sanctions 
are not the answer? 

She should get a message 
through to the Foreign Secretary 
that he will not ask of the South 

Government will align itself African government anything 
with our Community and they cannot possibly deliver. 

condemned as a fudge by Presi- 
dent Kauri da. The ANC would 

dent Kaunda. The ANC would 
not meet him and church lead- 
ers did not wish to see him. 

Would it not be more sensible' 
if he stopped making a spectacle . 
of himself called off his visit 
and tried to persuade the Prime 
Minister to listen to what tbe 
black population wanted which 
was economic sanctions that 
were meaningful. 

Mrs Chalker said the 12 mem- 
bers of the EEC agreed on the 
urgent need for genuine di- 
alogue. It was they who wished 
to establish conditions in which 
dialogue could commence. 

When a meeting was sought 
with the ANC or any other 
group, she hoped there would be 
a positive response. It was quite 
certain that President Kaunda 
also believed that there was a 
future for dialogue and 

Mr Robert Warring (Liverpool, 
West Derby Lab) asked her to 
name just one other country in 
the EEC which was doing less to 
bring pressure to bear than this 

Mrs Chalker said this country 
was certainly taking as many 
measures as many or all of the 
other countries in the EEC 
Sir Peter B laker (Blackpool 

Hoyle: Howe visit 
a useless charade 

tries with strong US links, 
representing overwhelmingly 
the majority of major trading 
partners with South Africa. 

Would she emphasize to 
South Africa that if they had not 
got the sense to listen to this, 
they might not get another 

Mrs Chalker said the mission 
offered an important opportu- 
nity to break the cycle of 
violence in South Africa and to 
promote the veiy necessary 
dialogue and negotiations which 
ail wanted to see. The mission 
deserved the support of the 
whole international commu- 
nity. Those who wished to talk it 
down for narrow partisan rea- 
sons should ask themselves 
whether they were doing the 
cause any good at all. 

Mr Robert Adley (Christchurch, 
C): We believe that dialogue is 
better than monologue and find 
nauseating the antics of Mr 
Healey, constantly trying to 

Commonwealth friends to take 
whatever action is considered 

Mrs ChalkerThe dialogue on 
which he is embarked is a 
chance, the last chance perhaps, 
to get a successful dialogue 

A steady, gradual effort is 
going on to make sure that 
everybody who can be involved 
in the dialogue is involved in the 
dialogue, which must surely 

Mr Alan Brith (Berwick upon 
Tweed. L): From what the 
Prime Minister said cm the radio 
this morning, there are no 
econom ic measures the Govern- 
ment would contemplate using 
if the visit does not achieve the 
results set out. If this is so, how 
is it helping the Foreign Sec- 
retary in his task? 

Mrs Chalker: The Prime Min- 
ister has said nothing different 
this morning from what she has 
said before. 

The Prime Minister had said 
on the Today radio programme: 
“f am and remain against 
punitive economic sanctions, 
general economic sanctions." 

She had added that -the 
Commonwealth was concerned 
that Brilain should show signals, 
what they called gestures of 
disapproval of apartheid. The 
Prime Minister had said die 
understood that and ihat the 
Government agreed and op- 
erated these as a signal to South 
Africa that the world dis- 
approved of apartheid and 
wanted it to end. 

1 can find no fault with that 
(Mrs Chalker said) because it is 
the policy of the whole 
Government • 

Mr John Carlisle (Luton North, 
Cy. All the economic sanctions 
being taken by this Government 
and others against South Africa 
ha ve already brought starvation, 
lengthening dole queues and a 
lot of misery to black South 

As Mrs Chalker rose to 
answer. Conservative MPs 
shouted to Mr David Winnick 
(Walsall North, Lab) to with- 
draw a remark he bad made 
about Mr Carlisle. 

Mr John Wilkinson (Ruislip, 
Northwood. C) said Mr 
Winnick had alleged that Mr 
Carlisle had been paid to put his 

Mr W inni ck was asked several 

possibilities ahead realistically 
to help to bring pressure on 
South Africa. 

Mr Healey, on a point of order, 
said Mrs Chalker should with- 
draw her disgraceful statement 
that he had sought to persuade 
African leaders not to see the 
Foreign Secretary. The High 
Commissioner in Lusaka should 
be consulted because be would 
say that he (Mr Healey) had 
spent his whole visit trying to 
persuade President Kaunda to 
receive the Foreign Secretary 
and to withdraw bis threats to 
leave the Commonwealth. 

times by the Speaker (Mr Ber- 
nard WeatheriO) to withdraw 

nard WeatheriB) to withdraw 
the remark. Mr Winnick said he 
had not changed his mind a bit 
but he would withdraw the 
remark -according to the 
Speaker’s request. 

Mrs Chalker said this was a 
serious matter and it did no 
good to cat call. 

It was the potential serious 
effects on South Africa's neigh- 
bours. in addition to South 
Africa's blacks, of general eco- 
nomic sanctions, which merited 
consultations widely and seri- 
ously about the best way to get 
effective change. 

Mr Healey asked Mrs 
Chalker if she believed the 
Foreign Secretary's chances of 
success in his mission were 
improved by the fusillade of 
interviews given by the Prime 

She had said she was sorry 
that South Africa was not in the 
Commonwealth and severely 
criticized the governments of 
Zambia and Zimbabwe. She had 
said she was against economic 
sanctions in general and would 
support signs and gestures but 

Mrs Chalker 1 would like Mr 
Healey to assert here and now 
that he fully supports the For- 
eign Secretary's intentions and 
his wish to meet the ANC and 
all other groups with whom we 
seek to promote dialogue in an 
effort to end apartheid. 

I said to Mr Healey (she 
continued) that. I understood 
that this had happened. If that is 
not the case I will withdraw h. 
'Mr Harry Great way (Baling 
North, Ch Nothing but blood- 
shed will be achieved unless the 
South Africa government and 

did not believe they would have 
any effect. She also said she 
hoped the Commonwealth sum- 
mit would take no action at all 
on South Africa. 

Mrs Chalker said Mrs Thatcher 
understood well the anger, the 
desperation and the hopeless- 
ness of many in South Africa 
and southern Africa. The Prime 
Minister was seeking to ensure 
that tbe Government viewed the 

Temple-Morris: There might 
not be another chance 
all sections of the community 
there can be induced to speak. 
No amount of pressure on one 
section of the community or 
another which drives them into 
the bunker will help anybody. 
What measures will bring peace? 
Mrs Chalker: 1 would be 
presumplious to try to say what 
further measures may bring 
about the much sought after 

peace we all wish. We should 
seek to continue discussions 
with our partners during this 
period leading up to the 
Commonwealth review and fur- 
ther European meetings. 

. It is only when we measure 
bow many people may be put 
out of work in southern Africa 
and how many people will be 
brought much greater hardship 
than they already suffer in South 
Africa and the front line stales, 
that we can judge what may be 
the best way ahead. 

Mr Guy Barnett (Greenwich. 
Lab): One of the arguments 
repeatedly used by the Prime 
Minister against economic sanc- 
tions against South Africa is the 
damage to the economies of the 
front line states and the people 
of South Africa. What right does 
tbe Prime Minister have to 
speak on behalf of African 

Mrs Chalker It is not just the 
Prime M mister who believes 
that general economic sanctions 
would not brine an end to 
apartheid. Mrs Helen Suzman 
said in her letter to The Times 
on July 2 that effective sanctions 
would wreck the economy and 
destroy the inheritence that 
blacks would undoubtedly share 
in the not .too distant future. 

Mrs Suzman has been an 
South African opposition MP 
since 1961 and I believe she is as 
right as tbe Prime Minister. 

Mr Mark Carlisle (Warrington 
South, Ck We regret bitterly the 
attitude of the ANC and Bishop 
Tutu in not seeing the Foreign 
Secretary. It would help if Mr 
Healey would use his consid- 
erable influence to encourage 
such meetings rather than using 
it to undermine the Foreign 

Mrs Chalker The Government 
understands exactly what he 
says. I previously invited Mr 
Healey and do so again to assert 
in this House that he is very 
much in favour of the Foreign 
Secretary meeting with all those 
whom he seeks to meet. 

It takes time to set up these 
meetings between many others 
and when it is sought with the 
ANC or any other group it is to 
be hoped there will be a positive 
response which Mr Healey 
would encourage. 

Mr Healey: I thank her for 
withdrawing her earlier implica- 
tions. (Shouts from the Govern- 
ment benches oft “ She did 
noL") Yes she did. 

When 1 met Mr divEF-i. 
Tam bo before I left for South 
Africa l encouraged him to mqe* . „ 
the Prime Minister. He was . 
minded not to do so. Whem'f'p' 
was in Lusaka. I suggested tfthr ■- - 
the visit by the Foreign SeC;?^' 
retary would give the ANC an ■’ »- 
opportunity to pursue d&- -i- 
cussions and I invited the ; .p 
Foreign Secretary on Monday to. I ^ 
seek to meet the ANC on his t- 
visiu -7"; 

Mrs Chalker I notice he basnoWn 
asserted what I asked him 
There needs to be not just.^’X 
emotional responses to the, 
many emotional, comments - 
which are being made on this 7' 
issue. There has to be a realiSut-o 
assessment of what possible andr^ ;; 
effective measures might be.» J »rn 

It is positive measures as weli 1 ^* 
as restrictive measures that kre ’— 
most likely to be effective arid- -i 
promote change inSouthAfrida:-- 

promote change mSouth Africa! - * 

•In other exchanges, Mr Brian 
Sedgemore (Hackney South and" 
Shoreditch, Lab) said that black’-*- .- 
people in South Africa and the .',^ 
frontline states, the Eminent 
Persons Group and decent, ‘ un- 
people in western democracies '.‘ m 
wanted sanctions because they--: - 
believed that liberty, freedom 7' 
and democracy were mote*:! 
important than short tenri*®* 
material comforts. ' 

Who (he went on) does ihe ’ 
minister support: the civilized' > 
people of the world or taei* _* 
shrivelled Prime Minister with' 
her Judas mentality? ; - : 

Mrs Chalker: I did not think lie *> 
could sink quite so low as that'. 
The measures already in place'® 1 
are being lost tight of. We will go - 
on discussing with our. 
European partners, the heads.of 
the economic seven and heads-, 
of the Commonwealth what 
could be valuable in persuading. 
South Africa to bring about ’a 
teal end to apartheid. That is 
exactly what the Prime Minister 
is working for as well as the rest g 
of this Government and this * 
side of the House. 

Ire ftf* 
jfcy foi 


End of July 
deadline for 
EEC budget 

Coherent policy for elderly needed 


current Social Security Bill. 
More monitoring and control 


The United Kingdom, as hold- j 
ers of the Presidency of the i 
European Community, was try- 
ing to achieve agreement on a 
new and legal EEC budget as 
soon as possible. Lord Young of 
Graffham. Secretary of State for 
Employment, told the House of 

He had been asked by Lord 
Campbell of Croy (O about the 
effects of the ruling of the 
European Court of Justice that 
the I9S6 budget was illegal. 

The minister replied that the 
ruling meant that the budget 
authority must adopt a new and 
legal budget. 

It was vital to think carefully 
about how to develop all the 
elements of public, private or 
voluntary provision into a 
coherent policy of social care for 
the elderly people who required 
them so that standards were 
improved across the frontiers of 
the three types of care, Mrs 
Renee Short (Wolverhampton 
North East, Lab) said in the 

Mrs Short, who is chairman of 
the Select Committee on Social 
Services, was opening a debate 
on supplementary benefit and 
private and voluntary 
residential care for the elderly. 

She said it had become clear 
that the DHSS had not yet 
established bow board and 
lodging payments would fit into 
the new structure set out in the 

and ccnainly a better system of 
gaiherins information about the 

gathering information about the 
effect of the payments was 

Every home, whoever ran it. 
should be required to make 
much better information 
available to potential users or 
their families so that informed 
choice could be the reality. 

Sir Darid Price (Eastleigh. C) 
said growth in demand was 
certain to continue so provision 
needed to be increased rather 
than diminished. 

Might there not be a more 
positive role for the DHSS as 
inspectors, not purely in 
policing or monitoring but in a 
positive sense in a role such as 
HM Inspectorate had in 
schools? He called for more 
public money to support care in 
the community. 

Mr Archy Kirkwood (Roxburgh 

and Berwickshire, L) said tbe 
test for residential provision was 
simply one of supplementary 
benefit and not any level of 
dependence. That could not be 
an efficient use of public money. 

Minorities would feel deprived of 
part of their armoury — Kaufman 

Mr Michael Meacher, chief 
Opposition spokesman on 
social services, said serious and 
disturbing problems were 
becoming increasingly apparent 
in the private and voluntary 
residential care provisons for 
the elderly as a result of the 
Government's differential 
funding approach between . 
private and public sectors. 

The Government had been 
unable to learn the basic lesson 
that no amount of tinkering 
with the system could make the 
commercial sector a major 

S rovider of services. It was the 
iovernmenl's fundamental 
philosophy and approach which ' 
was at fault. 


The Government had decided 
that it would be desirable to 
abolish peremptory challenge of 
Jurors and would include pro- 
posals with that effect in legisla- 
tion to be introduced in the next 
parliamentary session, Mr 
Doughs Hurd, the Home Sec- 
retary, confirmed in a Com- 
mons statement 
Mr Gerald Kaufman, chief 
Opposition spokesman on 
home affairs, said tharto abolish 
this right would cause minor- 
ities in particular to feel that 
they had been depri ved of an 
important part of their armoury 
of defence. 

Mr Hunt said the removal of 

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help to maintain the effective- 
ness and integrity of the system. 
Whatever its justification in 
earlier days, peremptory chal- 

lenge was now widely criticized 
as a distortion of the jury 




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as a distortion of the jury 
system, which should be based 
on the principle of random 

It seemed wrong in principle 
that jurors should be removed 
without reasons being given. It 
was also unsatisfactory that, in 
cases with large numbers of 
defendants, the composition of 
the jury should be capable of 
being influenced so 

Challenge for cause, the right 
of either party to seek the 
removal of a juror for stated 
reasons, would remain. 

In the White Paper on plans 
for criminal justice legislation, 
the Government had invited 
comments on concern which 
had been expressed about the 
right of the defence to challenge 
up to three jurors without giving 
cause. The While Paper had set 
out several options for change, 
including abolition of peremp- 
tory challenge, as had been 
recommended by the R os kill 
Committee on Fraud Trials. 
The Government had been 

reflecting on these options in the 
light of the response to the 

/bile Paper. 

Mr Kaufman: Tt is becoming 
more and more offensive that 
Government decisions are being 
communicated to everybody 
but the House of Commons, and 
when they are communicated to 
this House they are commu- 
nicated only grudgingly when 
we attempt to obtain the 

In the White Paper on crim- 
inal justice tbe Home Secretary 
said the Director of Public 
Prosecutions was monitoring 
the use of peremptory challenge. 
Can he say whether the outcome 
of that survey is available, and 
whether it was available to tfae 
Cabinet committee when it 
decided to abolish the right of 
peremptory jury challenge, since 
he made dear the outcome of 
that survey was crucial? What 
are the survey's conclusions and 
when will they be made avail- 
able to the House? 

As he said that the Govern- 
ment intends to retain the right 
of challenge for cause, it has 
been pointed out by a number of 
MPs that abolition of peremp- 
tory challenge will turn chal- 
lenge for cause into a growth 
industry in the courts. 

Mr Hurd: I do not think he is 
right to get into a froth about 
procedure. We told the House 
we were considering this matter, 
and we have set out tbe options 
in the White Paper. Yesterday 
the press started to get hold of 
partly inaccurate reports about 
our conclusions and it was 
better to set the matter right. 

On the monitoring exercise; 
the first results are available, the 
monitoring is continuing and 
the results will be available for 
informed debate to the House 
when the House comes to 
consider the proposals. 

On challenge for cause, I 
know that opinion that has been 
expressed before in this House. I 
do not myself share it It is a 
theoretical supposition but one 
which will be advanced when 
the House debates the proposal. 
Mr Mark Carlisle (Warrington 
South, C): While many of us 
strongly accept the maintenance 
of the jury system, we do not 
necessarily believe that the de- 

fence have the right to decide 
who the 12 should be. There is 

who the 12 should be. There is 
the ability to manipulate the 
system .(Conservati ve cheers). 
Mr James Wallace (Orkney and 
Shetland, L): The right of 
peremptory challenge allows an 
equal chance to prosecution and 
defence. (Conservative 

He also asked whether the 
Government intended, in cases 
where jury vetting had taken 
place, that there would still be a 
right to peremptory challenge. 
Mr Hurd said that Mr Wallace 
legitimately drawn attention to 
the prosecution right of stand- 
by. They would have to look at 

he reads the Roskill report, he L 
will see a powerful and classic 
critique against the principle Qf' 
the system. The results of the -1 ' 
monitoring will be available if-., 
the House discusses it. The- ' 
proposal will restore tbe effec- 
tiveness of the principle of tbe^ 
jury system. 

Mr . Robert - Kilroy-Sifr^ 
(Knowsley, North, Lab): There™* 
is no published material. What Z 
evidence is there that the right of # 
peremptory challenge has been 
abused ^or has led to wrong. „ 
derisions, since more than '50 
per ceni of acquittals are at the *: 

direction of the judge? ' "! 


Mr Hunt He cannot say thqt 
there is no published material ~ 
when we have tbe R os kill report - 
and the White Paper. . * h j 

Mr Peter Bnriorels (Leicester- , 
East. Cy. Most people in this,, 
country do not have much faith ■ 
in the jury system. Something :’ 
had to be done to get more 
properly representative juries. * 

His announcement wOl be 
welcome for reinforcing the the 1 * 
view that the jury system can-, 
work properly if the right kind of 
people are on the jury. (Labour.'; f ~ 
laughter and protests) - , .! *" 

Kaufman: Challenge for 
cause a growth industry 
that Questions of national se- 
curity could be involved and he 
was discussing the matter with 
the Attorney General. 

Mr Toby Jessel (Twickenham. 
Cy. The majority of sensible 
people will welcome the Gov- 
ernment decision. 

Mr Hard: I do not share hfc)i 
distrust of the jury system. .!-; 

believe that people are deeply. - 
and rightly attached to (he jmy 
system but are worried at what, 
they increasingly see as distor-!'* 
lion in this respecL I agree that - 
we should remove the** 

Mr Hard: He was perhaps the 
first to introduce the subject, to 
the attention of the House. 

Mr David Ashby (North West 
Leicestershire, C): What re- 
search has been done and what 
hard evidence is there for alter- 
ing a system which has been in 
existence for so many centuries? 
We need evidence. 

Mr John Morris. Opposition : 
spofcesman on legal affairs, - ' 
asked what hard evidence ft£d^ 
been available to the Govern-'' 
ment when it took the decision? * 

Mr Hurd: The question, to my"' 
mind is largely one of principle. ^ 

Mr Hurd: The system which he 
says has been in existence for 
centuries has been progressively 
reduced during tbe centuries. If 

Parliament today 

Commons (2,30): Debate OIK, 
EEC budget. European 1 . 
Communities (Amendment)' 
Bill completion of remaining' 
stages. ... 

Lords (3): Building Societies/ 
Bill, committee stage. 




Rebel Liverpool 
councillors appeal 



of crime 


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Backed by Legal & General ——I 

A senior surgeon accused of 
failing to tell a woman patient 
that she had cancer later 
claimed that he must have 
confused her with another 
patient, a disciplinary hearing 
was told yesterday 
The woman, who died in 
January, was identified only 
as Mrs H. She found out she 
had cancer seven months after 
a hysterectomy performed by 
Mr Kumar Basil. 

Mr H. her husband, told the 
professional conduct commit- 
tee of the General Medical 
Council that after a doctor at 
the Royal Marsden Hospital, 
west London, broke the news. 
Mr Basu apologized. 

“My wife told the doctor at 
the Royal Marsden that she 
did not have cancer because 
that was what she had been 
told by the specialist. 

The doctor then said: 
‘Well, my dear, i am very 
sorry but you have had it all 
the time’. We were both 
completely shattered.” 

Mr Basu. who began treat- 
ing Mrs H ai die Fawkham 
Manor Clinic, Kent in August 
1984. denies serious profes- 
sional misconduct 
The hearing continues. 

The 47 rebel Liverpool 
councillors who were disquali- 
fied from office and ordered 
personally to pay a £106.103 
surcharge for delaying setting 
a rate, launched a bid for 
survival in the Court of Ap- 
peal yesterday. 

They are asking the court to 
overturn a divisional court 
ruling in March that they had 
been guilty of “wilful 
misconduct*’ by foiling to set a 
rate for 1985-1986 before the 
Government deadline. 

The divisional court dis- 
missed appeals by the then 49 
councillors against the find- 
ings of the district auditor, 
saying that they had used their 
refusal as “ a weapon to weak- 
en the resistance of the 
Government”, and had dis- 
obeyed the law for an invalid 

Mr Louis Blom-Cooper, 
QC. for the former council- 
lors. told Lord Justice Lawton 
silting with Lord Justice Dik 
Ion and Lord Justice Woolf 
that there was a “perfectly 
legitimate reason” for the 

He said that it was part of an 
overall strategy by the council 
to minimize the burdens on 
the people of Liverpool and 
maximize the resources avail- 

able to finance services within 
the city. They believed “with- 
out question” ihat they were 
acting within ihe law. 

Their belief arose from the 
problems of urban decay, 
characteristic of LiverpooL 
which they say are a direct 
result of government policies. 

He claimed that Mr Thom- 
as McMahon, district auditor, 
was legally bound to take the 
problems facing the council 
into account when carrying 
out his audit and was in 
breach of his duty to act fairly 
by not affording them an oral 
hearing to put their case. 

In a hearing expected to last 
10 days the judges are being 
asked to rule whether there 
was wilful misconduct In de- 
laying setting a rate and 
whether the temporary loss of 
income which resulted in the 
surcharge was directly attrib- 
utable to iL 

Mr McMahon is defending 
tbe appeal claiming that bis 
decision was valid and not 
taken contrary to the rules of 
natural justice. 

The councillors are believed 
to have received £30.000 from 

hit twice 

supporters to bring the appeal 
ind have paid more, than 

£ 1 00.000 of the £ j 39,000 legal 
hill from the previous hearing. 

Victims of crime are often, 
punished a second time by the 
ordeal of the criminal justice 
system, according to the annu- 
al report of the National 
Association of Victims Sup- 
port Schemes, which is pub- 
lished today. 

The association, a roistered 
charily; highlights the prob- 
lem with a rape victim who 
was kept waiting hours for, a 
short interview with prosecut- 
ing counsel had her name ahdj 
address read out in. court hr 
spite of her request and was; 

S ' jned about irrelevant 
of her private life. ; - * 
Miss Helen Reeves, director, 
of the association said: “Vfc-1 
tints are not always satisfied 
with the treatment They ri£- 
ceive from the criminal justice 
system and frequently their, 
position is made worse; bj;' 
being denied information of 
by an unpItasanusxperienceaL 
court. . \ , 

“Victims need respect ap3 
consideration from everyotjg. 

Support schemesopetatejin 
293 places ;in Britain^ with 
6L75G - trained' vpljuhteers who • 
last year dealt -'(w tfr l 85.000 
new victims, an inqjase of.47 
per cent tin the pretaDus ycafc. 


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. Geldof-style initiative 
to counter ‘crisis’ in 
care of elderly urged 

• By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 
Britain's old people needed a charily based at Winchester, elderly, would increase “quil 

M» 1 « M vm pwpn- llttwtu a charily based ai Winchester, 
a national figuresuch as Bob Hampshire, campaigning for 
Geldofto campaign for better the total care or all elderly 
health; and social care on their people in need, 
behalf, a medical conference . Britons seemed to prefer to 
was tpld yesterday. sweep the problem of looking 

^“The care of the. elderly is a after their old people under 
■Sandal and the system by the rug and leave ii to some- 
which-' these vulnerable citi- one else, preferably the state, 
zens-are managed, or manipu- Sir Ronald said. 
laled.^ is a disgrace. Ii is “This nation of animal- 
becoming little less than a lovers appears to give more of 
national crisis," Sir Ronald its time and affection to 
Gibson, the conference chair- budgerigars and other domes- 
mah.-said. tic pets rather than to moth- 

A national system of corn- ers-in-law and other domestic 
prefoepsive care was urgently handicaps. 

romiirwi hill pnv»»mmf»nt »n_ “Wi» aivpnt that nonnlp wilt 

"os UlgtMUJ 

required but government ac- 
tioi\ ajtd slate funding would 
not be enough, he. said. An 
initiative similar to those 

“We accept that people wilt 
happily contribute millions to 
help the starving in Africa, the 
disabled, victims of eanh- 

mitjative similar io those disabled, victims ot earm- 
invojving Mr Geldof in rais- quakes and dreadful diseases, 
ing - millions of pounds for Similar support is desperately 
African famine relief was needed at home on behalf of 

African famine relief was 

“Can we hope for a Bob 
Geldof? We need sponsorship 
and-, a national leader or 

needed at home on behalf of 
the elderly." 

What was wanted was total 
care of elderly people from 
their first need, through loneli- 
ness or sickness, to the last. 

. leaders who will actively join ness or sickness, to the last. 
Mgs iifa sustained and un remit- guaranteed privacy in rooms 
ting 'effort to divert more of of their own. surrounded by 
the nation’s wealth to help their own furniture, the free- 

Rn/I I* #KATn«ili rfnm >rk IaaI/ fhpmcplvp? 

UIV W 1I»*IV** — 

ihosewho find it difficult to 
talk t for or to help 
themselves." Sir Ronald told 
the conference at the Royal 
Society of Medicine in 

“The elderly must not al- 
ways be dismissed to the back 
of the queue." 

their own furniture, the free- 
dom to look after themselves 
for as long as possible and a 
guarantee of personal dignity 
as an individual and human 
being, he said. 

Mr Norman Fowler, Secre- 
tary of State for Social Ser- 
vices, who opened the 
conference, said that the prob- 

- i- . ■ ‘ r 

Sir .Ronald is president of lem of services for old 
the-irendoncare Foundation, people. particularly the very 

elderly, would increase “quite 
dramatically" by the end of 
the century. , 

The number of people aged 
over 75 would go up by 25 j>er 
cent, and those over 85 by75 
per cent, by the year 2000. The 
National Health Service spent 
10 limes as much on a pereon 
over 75 as on one aged 18 to 
64. he said. 

How to provide for the care 
of the increasing number ol 
very elderly and very frail 
people with the resources 
available was a “crucial 
issue", he said. 

Progress would be made 
only if all those involved 
slate, private and voluntary 
organizations, worked to pro 
vide a partnership in care. 

The first demand on th< 
Government and everyom 
else involved was that elderly 
people should not have to 
leave their homes, families 
and familiar surroundings 
when they started to need 

Providing services for elder- 
ly people in their homes 
preserved their quality of life 
and was probably economical 
and more effective. That in- 
volved providing support also 
for relatives, neighbours ana 
others who often shouldered 
considerble burdens. . 

Attendance allowances were 
being’given more widely and 
he would be making a further 
statement on that. 

More fire Record fees cited 
safety for \ n legal aid report 

t airliners By Richard Evans, Political Correspondent 

_ ■ < i inn hat n>nr in, 



By Michael Baily 
Transport Editor 

-Stronger fire protection 
measures on British airliners 
will be required by the Civil 
Aviation Authority later this 
year, it was announced 

There must be more fire 

A small firm of provincial 
solicitors was paid a record 
£231,987 last year in legal aid 
fees for providing preliminary 
advice and assistance to cli- 
ents, a Commons report dis- 
closed yesterday. 

The unnamed practice, con- 
sisting of a principal, a consul- 
tant solicitor, three assistant 

; .... There must oe more me um solicitor, tnree assistant 

. extinguishers in passenger solicitors and supporting simi, 
•* r, cabins from October, and new <;„hmitied 4.677 bills in 1985- 

caW'ns from October, and new 
fire detectors fitted in toilet 
compartments by autumn 
next year. 

The measures arise from 
research carried out by ihe 
authority and the -United 

authority and the -.United 
... . ... , States Federal Aviation Ad~ 

. .. Tninistraiion after a -serious 

. fin. m /an Air Canada. DC9 in 


of crif 

i a 

Ministration after a senous 
fii^ m an. Air ..Canada DC9 in ' , 
ChKinnati ihl981 . = •< 

The fire started in a toilet - 
compartment while the air- j 
craft was still in the air, and 
intensified when the doors 
were opened on landing. 

Toilets have long been re- 
garded -as potential danger 
areas^ Since a serious fire in 
the early seventies, smoking in 
toilet compartments has been 
prohibited - and strict rules 
have been set for design of 
fittings such as waste disposal 

bins. . , 

.Investigations earned out 
after the Air Canada fire 
showed that standards couW 
deteriorate through wear and 
4[ tear. The new requirement tor 
smoke-detectors, riKnallrngd 1 - 

reclTO the aircraft fltghuieck. 
is an attempt to reduce the tire 
risk-still further. 

The new regulations in- 
crease the number of nre 
extinguishers installed in pas- 
senger cabins, from three to 
four m a 250-seat aircraft for 
example, and require at hast 
half-to be of the high-perfor- 
mance lype. 

© Britain may take unilateral | 
action to force world amines ; 
to pay more to 
victims and their families, M 
Michael Spicer, Patjiaraentary 
Under-Secretary o f State for 
Transport told the Air Trans- 
port Users Committee in Lon- 
don, .yesterday. 

Mbst foreign airiines are 

limited to a 

£12.000 compensation to peo- 
ple injured in ay> au °;,?^ 
dents or to relatives of those 

^ killed, while Bnush ajrbnes 

have the higher limit ot 

^MrSpicer said tl*t urd«s 
more countries, w 

limit Britain would have, w 

consider reqmnng all primes 

landing, here to provide tne 
higher limits. 

submitted 4,677 bills in 1985- 
86 under the legal aid "gram 
form.scheme" set up to enable 
applicants to obtain help on a 
legal problenjs almost imme- 
diately up to a cost of £50, or 
£90 for certain matrimonial 
cases. - ,. 

The. high \payout was dis- 
closed by the Public Accounts 
Committee, Parliament's pub- 
lic spending watchdog, »na 
highly critical report on me 
legal akl system whose the net 
cost has risen from £66.7 mil- 
lion in 1 979-80 to £203.5 mil- 
lion in 1984-85. 

The MPs said that they were 
astonished that neither the 
Lord Chancellor's Depart- 
ment nor the Law Society 
could say precisely what had 

caused the 200 per cent in- 
crease in legal aid spending 
between 1980 and 1985, com- 
pared with a 59 per cent 
increase in inflation during 
the same period. 

It was essential that the 
Lord Chancellor's officials 
should be able to establish the 
reasons for changes in such a 
large area of spending, they 

The all-party committee ex- 
pressed surprise at the small 
amount of reported abuse of 
the legal aid scheme. 

“However, in a situation 
where such a high degree of 
reliance is placed on the 
integrity of applicants and the 
profession therre must be sen- 
ous doubt as to whether, all 
abuse is being identified and 
reported," it said. 

It calls on the Law Society, 
which administers roost legal 
aid spending, to make sure 

there are effective checks. 

The MPs noted _ with 
“concern" the large rise in 
green form claims, from 
£1.3 million in 1973-74 to 
£44.1 million in 1984-85. 


award to 

Mr Simon Fitzgerald, aged 
26. a bnsiness la* graduate 
whose life and hopes or a 
brilliant career were wreckea 
by road accident injuries 
which confined him j to a 
wheelchair, was awarded 
£397,702 damages in the High 
Court in London yesterday. 

Mr Fitzgerald, of Broom- 
field Ride, Oxshott, Soirey, 
would have received £596,554, 
hot Deputy Judge Sir Douglas 
Frank, QC, decided he was a 
third to blame. 

The judge said that Mr 
Fitzgerald was on top of the 
world on the day of the 
accident in 1983 because he 
had just been told be was to be 
taken on the permanent stall 
of the estate agents Gas- 
coigne-Pees at their Esher 
Branch as a trainee negotiator. 

He was hoping to become a 
chartered surveyor. 

Mr Fitzgerald, an honours 
graduate of City of Lnndon 
University, was on a pelican 
crossing hi Esher High Street 
when he was struck by two 
cars travelling in opposite 
directions, the judge said. j 
He crossed when the fights I 
were against him and the “red 
man" was showing, the judge 
said. But the two car drivers 
had Tailed to keep a proper 
look-out. . . 

Because of his spinal inju- 
ries, Mr Fitzgerald is para- 
lysed in all four limbs, 
although he has some use in 
his hands. . 

“He is in daily pain. He 
experienced pain while he was 
in court for the hearing," the 
judge said. 

The damages, with costs, 
were awarded against Mr 
Vernon Lane, of Sheath Lane, 

Oxsbott, and Mr Prafnlbhai 
Patel, of Portsmouth Road, 

Thames Ditton, Surrey, who 
had denied liability. The judge 
found they were each a third to 
o blame. Lawyers for the two 
drivers said an appeal would 
it be considered. 


National talks as 
dispute worsens 
at remand centre 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

fienkal Eva Burrows, agefl who took over 

Race hate charges 

Mr John Tyndall, chairman 
of the right-wing British Na- 
tional Party, and Mr John 
Morse, editor of the party's 
newspaper, were accused in 
court yesterday of whipping 
up racial hatred among “white 
bigots" yesterday. 

An all-while jury at South- 
wark Crown Court was asked 
by the prosecution to consider 
whether articles in the news- 
paper offended section five of 
the Public Order Act by 

publishing threatening, insult- 
ing and abusive matter aimed 
at sirirring up haired between 
Blacks. Asians or Jews be- 
tween March 1, 1984, and 
August 31, 1985. 

Mr Tyndall, aged 50, of 
Westboturne Villas, Hove. 
Sussex, and Mr Morse, aged 
35. a bus driver, of Hyde 
Close, Winchester, Hamp- 
shire. deny the charges. 

■ The trial continues today. 

Stalemate was reached yes- i 
lerday in a dispute at Risley 1 
remand centre. Cheshire, 
where on Friday 50 women ] 
officers walked out in protest 
over staffing levels. More 
widespread industrial action is ' 
threatened. Mr John. Bartell. 
national chairman of the Pris- 
on Officers’ Association, said 
that more than 100 women 
staff at Risley were now not 

In ah attempt to break the 
deadlock, he said. Risley offi- 
cials and national leaders were 
to meet Home Office officials 
today.The aim is to establish 
confidence in use of the new 
disputes procedures. . 

The Risley dispute is the 
first real test of a formula 
worked' out between prison 
management and POA leaders 
io bring to an' end strife over 
manning in April and May. 
which lea to widespread disor- 
der in jails. 

So far the agreement does 

Two firsts 
for Ruth 

Ruth Lawrence, aged 14, 
will receive two first class 
degrees next week from Ox- 
ford University. 

The university confirmed 
yesterday that Miss Lawrence 
had been awarded a first class 
degree in physics after a year’s 

She took the degree because 
she had a “free" 12 months 

after completing her mathe- 
matics course, also with first 
class honours, after two years 
last summer. Each course 
normally lasts three years. 

In October she plans to 
return to St Hugh’s College to 
study for a PhD. 

not appear io be working in 
Rislev’s case. 

Sir Brian Cubbon. Perma- 
nent Under-Secretary at the 
Home Office, wrote to Mr 
David Evans, general secre- 
tary of the POA: "The aim of 
both sides will be for local 
disputes to be settled locally. 

The issue separating the two 
sides has focused on four cells 
at Risley and how to deter- 
mine the staffing necessary io 

hold prisoners who seek pro- 
tection from bullying by other 
inmates. ; _ 

Mr Bartell said: “The cur- 
rent talks have highlighted a 
dear need for minimum stan- 
dards to be laid down in jails. 
What happened at Risley 
shows that without them, 
highly disturbed and menially 
ill prisoners can be left^ with- 
out proper supervision." 

Women had been locked up 
without proper supervision 
due to shortages of staff. Mr 
Bartell said. 

loses jobs 
in catering 

Britain’s hotel chiefs gave a 
warning yesterday that thou- 
sands of voungsters were miss- 
ing job opportunities in the 
trade because of poor careers 
advice in schools. 

Mr George Hill, chairman 
or the National Council of the 
British Hotels Restaurants 
and Caterers Association, said 
that the industry needed to fill 
120.000 vacancies a, year. 

"The industry is battling 
against the entrenched atti- 
tudes and in-buill prejudices 
of career officers, teachers and 
sometimes even parents, who 
still equate service with 
servility." he said. 

imil, Britain would haV? - *o Germany, who re 9 e ,!^ -i* . yesterday. She is the 

Ro ^l”Sr 0 4^>ie n t (Photograph: BiU Warh-rst). 

TIT " ‘Dying’ man 

Saleroom . heroin 

VJow from Neapolitan racket jailed 

VlGW iruui 1 ^ A businessman who is dying 

a-A. lAG t 1 m L Hi Of a rare brain disease, was 

grotto fetenes g-p -setts 

*-* Rv Hnon Mallauen | heroin operation. 

Germany, yesterday. She is the 

By Hnon Mallalien 

• r 469 , 730 , with 22 per cent 
Poetry at a.PfXn a bought in. 

‘Dying’ man 
in heroin 
racket jailed 

A businessman who is dying 
of a rare brain disease, was 
jailed for seven years yesrer- 
dav for orchestrainp a £2 
million heroin operation. 

Gurmil Singh Cheema, 
aaed 49. of Clarence Road, 

Lj,(o Loan lllOt 

Koeoy »»» ■■ " r- - . „ * honeht in. 3Re d 4 y. oi ^larentc Ai»u, 

Sotheby's yesterday w ^ . v«ndvke portrait of Doro- Derbv. who has been told that 

ffl^ndWIy romantic painting went to Rich- {^ikely io die wtthin two 

to Joseph Wright rfjgj ‘*3 Herner- L ® ndon vears. was convicted last June 

Sd for £U! 0 ,OOOJ estmwte ard ^^fg^oOO (estimate ^ being concerned in the 
£300 000 to £500,000). m £ 200 , 000 ), and R illegal importation of more 

ft was Vview ?f^*d£l 54 , 000 forafine ^ 17 kilos of heroin 

viSnnKtan grotto at sunset, a Ue Gains- [hrough Heathrow Airport in 

SS(SSSte £1 ® 0 ' 000l ° October. 1983, and remanded 

sawr , •affsss; « » 

imoortant exhibt- ,, b, Al a^ ito wo ^^rown Court, we* 

NffiUivtb of the cel ebrated ^ Judge Marder. QC- 
Ox, was bought accept ^at the illness 

hfuSStt is a heawperalty and for that 

L^0«« to reason only- 1 pass a senienee 

ISffllf of the Scottish Nahoj^ consi derably less than wodd 
M^enffl. and a J » b " £1“ otherwise he appropnate to 

£* M«id Of Hota« >0 -TSrtidence 1 have h«ud 

'if^iilmportant exhibi- portrait by worth Crown Court. wes\ 

^, lt nf 1 p!!?iiSh ^iintings next of the cel ebrated ^ Judge Marder. QC 

tion ot Lngm p- Qx, was bought -j accept that the illness 

Xear. ^ the £6,050 ^ahea^nalty and for that 

The pnee ' “ ^^shutt hj ' J*goOO {0 on . r^son onlvT 1 pass a sentence 

'S sd0 ?nHL^irs* v ****' wh0 hSSffof'tteScottishNahoMJ ^ d ^bly iStitan woulc 

jas-Mjn.jK S'-jswa sgs-f— ■ 

,SU S 1S Sid S the Urge^snm of ^ friend of Horace . o ^ ^ ^ heart 

??« iftf for it in 1780. . Sole, was booght for the me lhal you played . 

£ TheSr»f British painratB; NadSl Pet*™ 1 SmJ S leading role in organizing ih. 


Directed by STEVEN SPIELBERG (&AMBUN Tapes | j Read die Warren' ^ PC ^ >aC ^ 





SHAFTESBURY AVE FULHAM RD THE GREEN ■ Bristol abcfrogmohe st Nottingham abc 

S 8^^1 3702636 ISLINGTON 226 3520 Edinburgh abc 




Rents within the Square Mile have 
never been cheap. ' * 

In fact according to a recent inde- 
pendent survey, City office space is the 
most expensive in the world. 

Whilst the constant rent reviews only 
prove that what goes up, can keep on 
ping up. 

However, you now have a rare 
opportunity to stop paying rent forever, 
by buying an office building outright at 
Canary Wharf. 

Two miles down the river in London’s 
Docklands, it will be the biggest single 
office development the world has ever 
seen, with almost ten million square feet 
of new office space. _ 

This will completely transform what 
is now an obsolete stretch of concrete 
and water into a thriving financial centre 
with shopping and leisure facilities any 
city would envy. 

Your new building there can be 
designed from scratch specifically for 
your company, using our architects, or 
your own. 

Either way it will incorporate the very 
latest in building systems and telecom- 
munications technology. 

Naturally, if you would still rather rent 
your building, we’ll be more than happy 
to accommodate you. 

You’ll find that your total occupancy 
costs will be around half those of the 
Square Mile. 

But whether you rent or buy, you’ll 
pay no rates until April 1992. 

All of which should cheer up your 
company’s prospects quite considerably’ 
(Although we can’t say the same for 
your landlord.) 

T , , , CANARY 

To find out more, WHARF 
call Scott Lowry of the & : 

Canary Wharf Develop- 
ment Company on £V 
01-6298878. . . 

ft makes sense to go round tfae bend. 

I Hopes rise 
! of Beirui 

C els 

; n ke .acri on 
v air fare's 





Israelis accused by US 

of trying to smuggle 
out bombs technology 


... Frmn Mohsin Ali, Washington 

•ta^SSSSSSStt J* HO". * 

raeli efforts to iSikt? °f f** 168 staining the 



»e mye^jatnig allegations of 
Israeli efforts to illegally ex- 
port American technology to 
make cluster bombs. " 

.^Officials here said that Mr 

YSLJfS*™*' ^ ,sraeK 

Amtessador to the US, was 
called to the State Department 
on Tuesday to be told ofa US 
Customs Service investigation 
of several employees of an 
Israeli purchasing mission in 
New York City who do not 
nave diplomatic immunity. 
Subpoenas have now been 
issued on them. 

The US banned the sale of 
duster bombs to Israel after 
r reports that it had used them 
MO violation of American aid 
laws during its 1982 invasion 
of Lebanon. 

US agents are now investi- 
gating allegations that Israel 
£ - then began smuggling technoi- 
■'-’■ogy from American compa- 
nies to make its own cluster 

_ One of the two Iowa compa- 
nies searched on Tuesday is 
Vector Corporation. It makes 
equipment for compressing 
and coating medicine cap- 
sules. Officials said the equip- 
ment could be convened for 
milit ary use. The firm had no 
.immediate comment. 

was “likely to sully unjustly i 
Israel's name and damage its 

■ _ , 0 isiiKi ) LKUiiu aiiu vian. 

dose relations between the US . relations with the US”. 

and Israel. 

Jerusalem has m the past 
also categorically denied alle- 
gations of illegally trying to 
biiy US nuclear weapons 

• JERUSALEM: Israel yes- 
terday dismissed the accusa- 
tions as “baseless” (David 
Bernstein writes). 

The Defence Ministry, in its 
official response, emphasized 
that the weapons in question 
— cannon-fired cluster shells 
which dispersed several indi- 
vidual grenade-sized charges 
over a wide area — were 
developed and produced in 
Israel using exclusively local 

The ministry noted that 
some of the industrial equip- 
ment needed to produce the 
shells had been purchased in 
the US, but that “not a single 
item had been taken out of the 
US without the proper 

It viewed with “extreme 
gravity” the fact that the 
incident had been publicized 
in the US before any attempt 
had been made to check out 
the facts with Israel, noting 
•that the airing of the matter 

The incident is the Jasl of 
several that have seriously 
embarrassed the Israeli Gov- 
ernment in recent months. 
The most serious of these was 
the arrest of an American 
intelligence analyst, Mr Jona- 
than Pollard, in Washington 
last November on charges of 
spying for Israel. 

Since then, in a case similar 
to the present one, Israel was 
alleged to have smuggled out 
of the US the technology 
needed to plate cannon bar- 
rels, and earlier this year, 
several Israelis were arrested 
in Bermuda and extradited to 
the US to face charges of 
selling American arms to Iran. 

The feeling in Israel yester- 
day — reflected in the official 
Defence Ministry statement 
and echoed by several political 
figures — was that certain 
circles in Washington were 
asked to undermine die close 
strategic co-operation that bad 
evolved between Israel and 
the US in recent years. 

This has been formalized in 
a pact between the two coun- 
tries signed in December, 
1981, and has involved close 
co-operation in a wide range 
of fields. 

- Anxiety in Lebanon buffer zone 

Israel fears Palestinian flood 

From Ian Murray, Marjayotm, south Lebanon 

A Palestinian build-up in Throughout the short jour- old Fi 
Lebanon is inevitable after n’ey along near-deserted val- year-ol 
this week’s closure of all die leys our escort, travelling in guns. 
Fatah offices in Jordan, ac- two Jeeps and a truck, largely Two 

cording to Brigadier-General 
Danny Rothschild, the Israeli 
commander in the buffer zone 
-along the Lebanese border 
"With IsraeL 

- He said the expulsions were 
a catalyst to bringing in the 
Palestinians, who were al- 
ready trying to build up 
strength again in Lebanon and 
doing so effectively. 

“I think the Palestinians 
will try more and more to 
bring their forces* headquar- 
ters back to Lebanon; and f 
am sure that will affect things 
here in the south,*’ he said. 

For the moment the south, 
-which he helps the soealled 
South Lebanon Army (SLA) 
jo control; is claimed to be 
quieter than anywhere else in 
the civil war-tom country. 

A short tour to the front line 
of the zone, past the mins of 
Beaufort Castle and up the 
. mountain to the . ridge over- 
. looking Nabatiyah, appeared 
to confirm that. 

outnumbered the party of 
foreign journalists. We had to 
wear flak jackets. At one stage 
the convoy came to a sudden 
halt and a soldier climbed 
down from the leading Jeep to 
shoot at a red plastic jerrycan 
in the road. It was a petrol 
container, but no chances 
were being taken. 

At the from line we met a 
tired-eyed Lieutenant-Colonel 
“Benny”, adviser to the Chris- 

old French 150mm and 15- 
year-old 120mm Russian 

Two or three times a week, 
he said, they would fire off. 
flares to illuminate the coun- 
tryside for the infantry who 
came under attack. “They 
only try to come in at night,” 
he said. The big Russian guns, 
with their 27-kilometre range, 
had not been used for a year. 

General Rothschild seemed 
confident that the relative 
quiet of the area could be 
maintained, although he was 
concerned that large amounts 

tian SLA battalion under its of money were pouring into 
captain, “Hannah”, a 30-year- the area to buy men prepared 

old Lebanese with 12 years' 
•service. ■ - * 

“It is very quiet here.” the 
colonel said, looking down the 
hill over the barbed wire to- 
wards the flat roofs of Nabati- 
yah in the plain below. “That 
is because they know down 
there that we can shoot back.” 

to attack the zone and IsraeL 
The Amal Shia group ; 
which has been dominant in 
the area bordering the buffer 
zone, were losing our to 
money, he said. 

. The Hezbollah Islamic ex-, 
tremists were able to boy] 
people by paying them $1001 

Hopes rise for release 
of Beirut hostages 

The arrival of Syrian troops 
In west Beirut has given rise to 
hopes that another French 

- hostage — the Protocol Officer 
at the French Embassy, who 
was kidnapped 16 months ago 

— is to be released. 

• According to the daily news- 
’ paper An Nohor, M Marcel 
Carton, who was abducted on 
March 22 last year by the 
Islamic Jihad extremist group, 
wfll be freed within the next 
few days. 

If the report is true, it 
'suggests that the long ordeal 
of the Western hostages in 
Lebanon may be nearing an 
end. There are still 17 foreign- 
ers missing in Lebanon, in- 
cluding two Britons and the 
Syrians are making painstak- 
ing efforts to secure their 
release; If Syria can free some 
or all of them, its prestige in 

From Robert Fisk, Beirut 
iyrian troops tion at Syri 

Farther down the hill Lieu- (£65) for each launching of a 
tenant-Colonel “Vardi” ad- Katyusha rocket into the area, 
vised .the SLA's third battery “Then they go back home and 
on how to fire, its motley are loyal supporters of AmaJ 
collection of mortars, 30-year- again.” he said. 

The Palestinians were also 

for release Jbrthem, he said. It was fear of] 

a new Palestinian takeover of 
|% (tap the area which was persuading 

■ many Shias in the zone to join 

Fisk, Beirut ^“They don’t do it for 

tion at Syria's latest security money,” he said. “We only 
plan in the west of the city, pay them $100 a month ana 

The daily Al ffakika, which they could get that just for 
supports the Shia Muslim firing one Katyusha. The mo- 
Amai militia, pi«hn«l yester- tivauon is to fight .the Pales- 
day that a number of Western tinians.” 
embassies were considering He said about a quarter of 
re-opening their diplomatic the Z 600-strong SLA were 
missions in west Beirut as a now Shias and more were 
sign of their confidence and coming forward ail. the urae. 
approval of the Syrian military The general said Syna was 

presence in Beirut supporting Amal in its fight to 

4 S Safir carried big head- control the Palestinians and in 
lines on its front page to the this it had identical interests 
effect that Mrs Thatcher's with IsraeL At the same time 
Government was looking fav- Syria had to encourage the 
oorably on the new security Hiaboll^ wtoch was sup- 
arrangements. It quoted “a ported by Iran and allied to 
diplomatic soorce dose to the .11 

Foreien Office.” ’ In part Israel was doing all it 

Meanwhile, Lebanese could not to fight wilh Amal 
troops, supported by Syrian while Syria was ir/mg to rc ~ 
soldiers, have taken op new strain Hezbollaji. “Syna does 
positions around Beirut air- not want to fight us until it is 
Sort and on the edge of the sure it has military supenor- 

Kr.- - ltv " hp sain. 

Palestinian camps* New iron 

the region and in the West will gates have been erected along 
be immeasurably higher. the airport perimeter wall. 

Perhaps for this reason. Such security measures at 
there are growing reports in least show that the Lebanese 
Sut^atsevwl Western Army and its Syrian remfor^ 
Ss, 1 folding Britain, ments intend to prevent for- 
ta^pms-Sd their satishc- the, hijacloogs here. 

ity.” he said. 

The general was highly criti- 
cal of UN troops in South 
Lebanon. He said they did no- 
thing when they caught a Pal- 
estinian or Hezbollah gang ex- 

Army and its Syrian reinforce- esunian oroiezboiian gang ex- 
mento intend to prevent fur- cept take their weapons from 
tber hijackings here. them. 

Brussels will 
take action 
on air fares 

_ ?_ rAMmicdni 


. WA %■ 


fief 0 

The European Commission 
will open legal proceedings 
against British Airways, Brit- 
ish Caledonian and other ma- 
jor European airlines unless 
. gey can’pravc that they arc 
. aot fixing fares illegally- 

The decision J25! 
will he sent to the airlines 
within two months demand- 
ing an explanation. 

. The EEC action follows * 
ruling by ibe Swopea Court 
"of Justice that foendes offiee- 
competftion must apply 10 31 

progress towards freer compe- 



n0 "’SS Y*n Gengtem, ttefirst man to 
of the uafiic ’creat W all of China,.amYmgJ 

-• <tf *V-; 

- mm 


M ** m 


■ c :-•**.**«-* -V. :: 

Van Genebau, the first man to run the frill length of the 
Great «£ll of China, arriving in Sbanhaig^jesterday. 


Unions in 
court test 
of Pretoria 

From Michael Hornsby 

Four of South Africa’s lead- 
ing Mack trade unions have 
asked their lawyers to test the 
legal validity of the state of 
emergency declared on June 
1Z and of the regulations im- 
plemented In its name. 

Actions brought by the Met- 
al and Allied Workers' Union 
{MAWU), the Commercial, 
Catering and Allied Workers* 
Union (CCAWUSA), the Na- 
tional Union of Mineworkers 
(NUM) and the Media Work- 
ers' Association (MW ASA), 
in the Rand Supreme Court 
challenge the order issued on 
Monday night prohibiting 
more than 30 black organiza- 
tions in the Johann esbmg and 
Roodepoort magisterial dis- 
tricts — which include Soweto 
— from holding indoor gather- 

Seven trade unions are 
among the organizations cov- 
ered by tiie ban which, strictly 
interpreted, would make even 
routine meetings of anion of- 
ficials OtegaL unless, as Busi- 
ness Day put it in an editorial 
yesterday, “they all get sepa- 
rately into cars and drive be- 
yond the boundaries of Johan- 
nesburg and Roodepoort**. 

MAWU has launched a 
separate action in the Durban 
Supreme Court which con- 
tends that the state of emer- 
gency, and all the regulations 
enforced daring it, has been 
unlawful since June 26 be- 
cause the Government failed to 
observe proper procedures. 

These, according to 
MAWU, required that the em- 
ergency regulations should 
have been brief on the tables of 
each of the three Houses of 
Parliament in Cape Town 
within 14 days of the declara- 
tion of the state of emergency, 
j notwithstanding the fact that 

Dutch protest 

Arson link to 
on apartheid 

Amsterdam (AP) — Dutch 
ami-apartheid activists claim- 
ed responsibility for an arson 
attack yesterday on the head- 
quarters of a Dutch manufac- 
turer of packing materials to 
protest al the firm's presence 
in South Africa, police said. 

The early-morning attack 
caused about one million 
guilders (£267,000) of damage 
to the Van Leer packing 
company office. 

Overseas news 



- ■? : 


3 V | 

Kap-,-J ! 7 ! .v S'fWj 

Si 1 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign Secretary, meeting President Kaunda Zambia at State 
House after arriving in l-nsafan yesterday for talks about ending apartheid in South Africa. 

Parliament went into recess forced nnder torture to sign Lusaka Central Prison, and on 
before Jane 26. confessions that they were Jane 11 handed a document 

Although not sitting. Parlia- acting as spies for Pretoria. accusing than of being South 
meat is still in ordinary ses- The main sonree for this al- African spies. They were ques- 
siofl and has merely been legation is Mr Simon Cooper, dotted separately at a police 

adjourned until it resumes on a British agricultural engineer 
August 18, MAWU main- working on contract in Sooth 
tains. The emergency regain- Africa, who, together with two 

August 18, MAWU main- 
tains. The emergency regula- 
tions thus ceased to be of any 
force or effect on the expiry of 
the 14-day period. 

If there is any legal merit in 
this argument, and it seems 
there may be, it could put the 
Government in a highly em- 
barrassing situation. The case 
is expected to be heard early 
next week. 

Meanwhile, the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs said yesteiday 
it was trying through “various 
channels” to secure the release 
of four South Africans bring 
detained in Zambia, where 
they are alleged to have been 

West Germans, was released 
last week after spending more 
than a month in jail in Lusaka 
with the four South Africans. 

According to Mr Cooper, 
the party of seven had set out 
on what was intended to be a 
mouth-long trip through Zim- 
babwe, Zambia and Malawi, 
and were arrested at a road- 
block in Zambia mi May 27, 
eight days after the South 
African attacks on alleged 
African National Congress 
bases in Zimbabwe, Zambia 
and Botswana. 

They were taken to the 

Jane 11 handed a document 
accusing them of being South 
African spies. They were ques- 
tioned separately at a police 
interrogation centre on the 
outskirts of Lusaka, Mr Coo- 

“I was woken at about 
11 pm and taken to the inter- 
rogation room where I was 
stripped naked and accused of 
being a South African spy. I 
was forced to hold weights in 
my outstretched hands until I 
could hold them no longer. I 
was forced to stand on my 
hands while my feet rested on 
a bar about five feet above the 
floor until I collapsed,” Mr 
Cooper said. 

The interrogation lasted for 
about six bows and be was 
then returned to his celL 

Firm Hawke support for sanctions 

From Tony Dnboudm, Melbourne 

Mr Bob Hawke, the Austra- 
lian Prime Minister, yesterday 
gave his strongest support for 
sanctions against South Africa 
and foreshadowed a possible 
clash with Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher al next month's 
Commonwealth leaders' con- 
ference iu London. 

“Advocates of inaction bear 
a grave responsibility,” he told 
the Labor Party federal confer- 
ence in Hobart 
The Prime Minister said 
that there was a tendency “in 

some quarters” to regard the 
adoption of measures against 
South Africa as contradictory 
to encouraging peaceful tran- 
sition to a truly democratic 
system in that country . . . 

“On the contrary, the pur- 
pose of such measures would 
be precisely to bring borne to 
the South African Govern- 
ment that it is ultimately not 
viable to proceed along a path 
of confrontation” 

“The purpose would also be 
to demonstrate to black South. 

Africans who thirst for change 
that they are not alone and 
that they need not despair of 
achieving change by peaceful 

As the Labor Party confer- 
ence was debating the South 
African issue, it was revealed 
that the Australian Wheat 
Board, a semi-government au- 
thority, was negotiating for the 
sale of 70,000 tonnes of wheal 
to South Africa believed to be 
worth about $10 million. 

17 die in 
by Tamil 

Colombo (AP) - Seventeen 
Sinhalese were hacked or shot 
dead in an attack by Tamil 
rebels, outside Trincomalee 
and a Tamil family of five was 
murdered in revenge, authori- 
ties said yesterday. 

Police quoted the sole survi- 
vor of the Tamil attack as 
saying two men in army 
uniforms slopped lorries at a 
bridge about six miles outside 
Trincomalee. About 20 armed 
militants then surrounded the 

Police said the dead were 12 
passengers, including two 
women and two children, 
three truck drivers and their 

Appeal lost 
by navy spy 

Richmond, Virginia (AP) — 
A federal appeals court yester- 
day upheld tiie espionage con- 
viction of retired navy officer 
Arthur J. Walker on charges of 
helping his brother to sell 
defence secrets to the Soviet 

Walker had been sentenced 
to the maximum three life 
terms plus 40 years and fined 
$250,000 (£166,000). 

£2.8m strike 

Paris (Reuter) —.A 24-hour 
strike yesterday by Air France 
ground and flight personnel 
cost the state airline 30 mil- 
lion francs (£2.8 million) in 
lost receipts, the company 

Nato launch 

La Spezia. Italy (AP) — Nato 
yesterday launched its first 
underwater research ship, Al- 
liance, which will cany out a 
wide range of experiments in 
anti-submarine warfare. 

Police hunt 

Paris — An international 
warrant has been issued by 
French police for the arrest of 
M Yves Chalier, former Chef 
de Cabinet of M Christian 
Nucci, Minister for Overseas 
Development in the last So- 
cialist government, on charges 
of forgery and fraudulent mis- 
use of government funds. 

Envoy goes 

Paramaribo, Surinam, 
(Reuter) — The military gov- 
ernment of Surinam has ex- 
pelled the secretary of the 
Dutch Embassy, Mr Erik W.P. 
Klip, for “improper interfer- 
ence in local affairs”. 

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9 - 

Red Army terrorists 
kill industrialist 
with roadside bomb 

A director of one of West 
Germany s most famous iu- 
ousinal firms and his driver 
were murdered by terrorists as 

Jf?L dR ? v £ K> wo* through 
the Munich suburb of Oberdfil 


J8^ 56. the research and 
technology director 0 f Sie- 
mens, the electronics group 
and his driver. Herr Ecker- 
hard Groppler. aged 42, died 
when a -0 lb bomb fixed to a 
roadside tree was detonated 
by remote control as their car 
drove past. 

The explosion at 7.30 am 
nurlea the armour-plated ve- 
hicle across the road and into 
a wire-mesh fence. " 

Herr Beckons: champion of 
nuclear power's future. 

From Frank Johnson, Bonn 

The director died instantly, 
and the driver shortly after- 

Police announced later that 
they had found a note near the 
scene, in which the “Mara 
Cagol Commando’* of the Red 
Army Faction claimed respon- 
sibility for the attack. (Mara 
Cagol was a member of the 
Italian Red Brigades. He was 
killed in 1975 at the age of 20 
during a gun battle in which 
Italian security forces had 
surrounded a terrorist gang in 
open country.) 

The Red Army Faction 
appears to be the leading West 
German terrorist group. Late- 
ly it has established links with 
other terrorist organizations, 
such as the IRA, the French 
Action Directe, and some 
Arab groups. • 

Siemens sources yesterday 
revealed that the name of Herr 
Beckurts had been found twice 
among documents discovered 
by police in raids on Red 
Army Faction cells. 

On the first occasion, the 
police took the view that he 
was in no direct danger. But 
after they raided a Hanover 
premises on January 13 this 
year, Siemens took measures 
to have Herr Beckurts protect- 
ed. At the time of yesterday's 
attack, his armour-plated car 
was being followed by a 

Hess in hospital 

From Frank Johnson, Bonn 

Rudolf Hess was yesterday 
in the British Military Hospi- 
tal in West Berlin, where he 
had been taken from Spandan 
prison. But although be is 
aged 92, his condition was said 
not to be giving rise to concern. 

He was originally reported 
to have been transferred to the 
hospital because he was suf- 
fering from heart or blood 
circulation problems. But a 
spokesman ..for the British 
Military Government in West 
Berlin said that he was in for 
observation, not treatment. ■ - 

Security was increased at 
the hospital in Chariottea- 
burger Heer Strasse. At the 
front entrance, where there is 
normally one British soldier, 
there were yesterday several 
soldiers and three West Berlin 
policemen. Hess's lawyer, 
Herr Alfred Seidi, said in 
Munich that Hess's son, 
Wolf-Rbdiger, bad been told 
on Tuesday evening of his 
lather's transfer to the hospi- 
tal. The son is allowed to see 
him once a month, and it is 
possible that the next meeting 
will be at the hospital. 

The British, Americans, 
French and Russians take 
turns to guard Hess in Span- 


dan. At the moment, 
Russians are on duty. . 

The fact that he is still living 
is die sole reason for the 
continued existence of tie 
ly old prison in the West 
suburb of Spandaa — a 
leafy residential area similar 
to’ a London suburb like 
Wimbledon. Unofficially, it 
has long been known tint tie 
bulldozers are poised to knock 
down tie prison once Hess has 

There win he no other use 
for it and tie land will pass 
ander the control of the West 
Berlin municipal authority. 

Only tie Soviet Union rel- 
ishes tie prolonged incarcera^ 
tion of Hess. The British, 
Americans and French have 
long been prepared to release 
him. But under the toms of 
his imprisonment this is not 
possible if one of his jailers 
refuses. And tie Soviet Union 
has always refused. 

Moscow has argued that to 
release him would imply exon- 
eration of Nazi crimes. Bot 
another reason is tint his 
release - like his death - 
would deny to the Soviet 
Union the presence in West 

EEC in 
NZ butter 
deal move 

From Jonathan Braude 
; Brussels 

> The European Commission 
yesterday proposed import 
luoias for New Zealand butter 
for the next two years, in a 
swift reaction to the release of 
;he Rainbow Warrior sabo- 
teurs, Captain Dominique 
prieur- and ' Major Alam 

The proposals come two 

jays afterWellingiqn’s agree- 
ment to transfer the two 
French secret service, agents 
from a New Zealand jau to the 
French Polynesian territory ol 
tfao atoll.’ in return for a 
French promise not to oppose 
the import of New Zealand 
gutter into Britain. 

The Commission says that 
imports in 19S7 should be 
77.000 tonnes. 2 . 0°0 tonnes 
less than Iasi ; year. In .1988 tie 
quota should - 6IIJ} -,000 
tonnes again to 75,000 

The proposed ft uola ??3i hv 
same as the ones rejected by 
EEC agriculture ministers 
three vears ago in the face of 
French and Irish Opposition- 
Observers believe tie Com 
mission would not haw ^ 

bled tie same large quotas 


accept ihe quo® as 
proposed or make an add.- 
lional cut. 

Irish opposition to wan- 
ned access to the Brmsh 
market for butter 



h* less enthusiastic as a resin i 
u/^mnpion's anti-nuclear 

ogress: The HEC 

tisfy both tie -- 
“rnments and tie 

Ctive deal, which 
riiicized by Bnt- 

ar its excessive 

, on agriculture, 
less expected to 


US fury at 
death of 
Chile exile 

From Michael Binyon 

The fiery death of a young 
exile, set alight by uniformed 
men when he returned to 
Chile, has generated wide- 
spread outrage here and has 
led to a hardening of the 
Administration’s policies to- 
wards the Pinochet regime. 

The White House said tie 
death of Mr Rodrigo Rojas on 
Sunday was preceded by a 
“deeply disturbing” pattern of 
events in Chile. The US was 
seeking more information 
from tie Chilean Govern- 
ment “We warn justice to be 
done," the White House 
spokesman said. • 

Mr Rojas, a US resident, 
aged 19, returned to his native 
Cnile two months ago and last 
week was involved in anti- 
government protests. He and 
Miss Carmen Quintana, aged 
18, were found badly burnt 
and near death last Wednes- 
day outside Santiago. 

Relatives and witnesses said 
the two had been picked up by 
uniformed soldiers, beaten, 
doused with- a flammable li- 
quid and set on fire. The 
troops took- blankets from 
their lorry and put out the 
human torches. The victims 
were then driven away. 

Mr Rojas was refused a 
transfer from an ill-equipped 
medical facility to a nearby 
hospital. The two victims 
were kept in a waiting room 
and relatives were told they 
could not be moved as they 
were under arrest. . 

A US doctor who examined 
Mr Rojas after his death said 
burns covered 65 per cent of 
his body. Miss Quiniana is 
still in hospital after an opera- 
tion to remove 6 lb of charred 

fl< The Chilean Army Issued a 
statement last week denying 
responsibility for the youtis 
death. Judicial authorities be- 
gan an investigation earlier 
this week. 

The death of Mr Rojas, one 
of eight killed in ami-Pinochei 
protests last week, has angered 
The Administration and may 
spur calls in Congress for sanc- 
tions against Chile. In tie past 
sTmontis the US has ban 

outspoken in cnticism^of hu- 

vehide containing men from a 
private bodyguard service. 

After tie attack it was 
immediately assumed that 
Heir Beckurts was murdered 
because of Siemens' involve- 
ment in military high-tech- 
nology for Nato. The Red 
Army Faction originally 
emerged by attacking Nato 
installations. - 

Herr Beckurts, however, 
was a nuclear physicist and 
had appeared in television 
discussions on nuclear power, 
giving rise to a second theory, 
which emerged later yester- 
day, that he died because tie 
terrorists were now exploiting 
the post-Chernobyl feeling 
against nuclear power in West 

Police' are searching for a 
Volkswagen van - which a 
woman eye- witness said she 
saw being driven into a nearby 
wood shortly after the blast. 

Meanwhile, tie Bavarian 
Interior Ministry has ordered 
“strict” checks on traffic 
throughout tie state and at its 
international borders, which 
are with Austria. Switzerland 
and tie communist states of 
East Germany and Czecho- 

Hctt Beckurts was tie sec- 
ond industrialist to be killed 
by terrorists in tie Munich 
area within 18 months. 

Police beginning investigations into the terrorist bombing near the wreckage of the dead industrialist's armour-plated car. 

Herr Ernst Zimmerman, 
aged 55, chairman of the 
motor and turbine firm, 
MTU, was shot dead at his 
home on February l last year. 
The Red Army Faction said 
his murder was the work of its 
“Patrick O’Hara Comm- 
ando" named after an IRA 
terrorist who died in a Belfast 
prison as a result of a hunger 
strike in 1981. 

MTU makes engines for the 
Leopard, West Germany's 
main tank, while Siemens 
provides electronic equip- 
ment for it 

West German terrorists 
have killed more than 30 

. people since the First post-war 
group, tie Baader-Meinhof 
gang, began its activities in 

Herr Friedhelm Ost. tie 
West German Government's 
chief spokesman, said Chan- 
cellor Kohl was “deeply dis- 
turbed by this cold-blooded 

The Chancellor believed 
such acts were a renewed 
challenge to democracy, but 
that violence and terror would 
be rejected by all true citizens. 
The Government was deter- 
mined to use all tie tie legal 
means at its disposal to fight 
such violent acts. 

Germany’s murder trail 

May 24, 1972: Three US 
servicemen die in a bomb attack 
on tie Heidelberg army base. 
November 10, 1974: A West 
Berlin judge. Herr Gumer von 
Drenkmann, is shot dead in a 
revenge kilting for tie death ofa 
Baader-Meinhof guerrilla. 

April 22, 1975: The West Ger- 
man Embassy in Stockholm is 
raided and two diplomats killed. 
April 7, J977: Chief public 
prosecutor Herr Siegfried 
Buback. his driver, and a police 
escort die when their car is 
sprayed with sub-machine gun 
fire in Karlsruhe. 

July 30, 1977: The banker 
Jurgen Porno is shot dead near 


September 5, 1977: Employers’ 
leader Hanns-Martin Schley er is 
abducted, his driver and three 
policemen shot dead, and his 
body later found in France. 
October 13, 1977: Hijackers kid 
tie pilot of a Lufthansa plane. 
February 1, 1985: A West 
German arms industry exec- 
utive. Ernst Zimmermann. is 
shot dead at hi s home near 

August 8. 1985: Two people die 
in a car bombing at the US 
Rhein-Main air base. 

July 9, 1986: Siemens executive 
Karl Heinz Beckurts and his 
chauffeur are murdered. 

Poll errors 
cost seats 
of 10 MPs 
in France 

From Diana Geddes 

Ten MPs, five on the right’ 
and five on the left, have 
forfeited their seats in the, J 
French National Assembly af- ‘ 
ter the .Constitutional > 
Council's ruling which de-. 1 
dared the parliamentary elec- ‘ 
tions in the Haute Garonne, 
and Haute Corse on March 16 
null and void because of errors ■ 
and irregularities. ! 

New elections must he held ; 
within three months. The , 
same voting system, propor- ; 
tional representation, will be > 
used as in March, although a ; 
Bill las just been passed - 
bringing hack the old system 
of two-round majority voting. 

The balance between right 
and left among the MPs who . 
have been dispossessed of - 
their seats means the new ' 
right-wing Government will be 
able to preserve its majority of « 
four seats in (he National 
Assembly, at least until the > 
by-elections have been held, P 
probably at the beginning of ; 

Thereafter, however, the ! 
Government could see its no- j 
jority further reduced. The tat- 
est polls indicate that it is al- ’ 
ready losing votes, while the ‘ 
Socialists, particularly Presi- ; 
dent Mitterrand, are gaining 

The Government's fortunes ; 
are not likely to improve in the - 
short term. 




(ignoring any liability to capital gains tax) 


(ignoring arty liability to capital gains tax) 

828 p 

810 p 


(As at 3.30 pjn. on Wednesday 9th July 1986) 

Strength in 


Standard ft Chartered 

This advertisement is published by J. Henry Schroder Hbpg & Co. Limited on behalf of Standard Chartered PLC. The Directors ofStrutdard Chartered PLC are the 
persons responsible forthe information contained in this advertisement, 7b the best of their knowledge and belief, f having 
taken all reasonable care to ensure that such Is the case.) the information contained tn this advertisement is in accordance u’ilh the facts- The Directors Qf Standard 

Chartered PLC a,'wpt responsibility accord* 

77ff value qf Lloyds' offers quoted above are based on the Lloyds ordinary share price of J97pal 3-30 p.m. on 9th July 1986 and a valuefora netr Unyds convertible 
share u/JOQp. In the opinion of CazerKtre & Co., stnrkhmkers to Standard Chartered, (he new: Lloyds comvrtibie share uvidd 
have a rtdueof not mare than WOp per share on the basis of the abwe pri cejor a Lloyds ordinary share and market conditiniis on 9lh July 1986. 

* Lloyds' offer is final excejn in thelimi ted ci rcumstances set out in Lloyds ' Offerdoeumenl dated 28th June 1986. If it becomes 
unconditional as to acceptances it trill remain open for at least ajurtherl^days. 

. I 



Poll promises 
cause dilemma 
as Nakasone 
outlines budget 

From David Watts, Tokyo 


Government officials yes- 
terday clashed with those of 
the ruling party over budget 
policy as manoeuvring began 
for positions in the next 
Japanese Cabinet. 

Mr Yasuhiro Nakasone, the 
Prime Minister, was sticking 
to his election commitment 
not to raise taxes when he told 
the Ministry of Finance that 
the 1987 budget must be lower 
than the current one in all 
areas except defence and so- 
cial welfare. 

But unfortunately for him, 
he also promised foreign gov- 
ernments that domestic de- 
mand would be stimulated to 
ease trade friction. He was 
reminded of this by Mr Shin 
Kanemaru. the ruling party's 
secretary-general, when he 
called for a 10 per cent 
reduction in requests for 

Talks between the Govern- 
ment and the party will con- 
tinue to try to resolve what 
appears to be an insoluble 
dilemma, as election promises 
conflict with the need to 
reduce domestic spending. 

The need to improve the 
level of imports was under- 
lined for both parties yester- 
day with the announcement 
that Japanese exports bad 
expanded by 20 per cent in the 
first six months of 1986 to a 
record $98,674 billion, while 
imports slipped by 0.2 percent 
to $64,507 billion — mainly 
because of low oil prices. 

More significant in terms of 
the future of the Nakasone 
Government was a visit to Mr 
Kakuei Tanaka, the former 
Prime Minister who is known 
as the kingmaker, by Mr 

Susumu Nikaido, his first 
lieutenant who looks after the 
Tanaka faction in his absence. 
The two men discussed strate- 
gy for the contest for Cabinet 

Even though Mr Tanaka 
has been effectively immobi- 
lized since suffering a stroke in 
February 1985, his faction 
gained strength during the 
election, adding some 20 
members. It, along with Mr 
Nakasone's faction which 
gained another 1 1 adherents, 
is one of the most important 
of the five main factions 
competing for posts in the 

Mr Nakasone is expecting 
to have his Cabinet organized 
. in time fora new session of the 
Diet to begin some time 
between July 20 and 22. 

The outcome of the Cabinet 
contests will give dues as to 
whether Mr Nakasone will be 
able to extend his term as 
Prime Minister, seek a third 
term in office or. as (aid down 
by the party rules, step down 
in October. 

Mr Kanemaru has already 
declared that he wants to 
resign as secretary-general. 
This may be bis way of telling 
Mr Nakasone that enough is 
enough and he should leave 
office on schedule. 

The most significant clues 
to his future, however, are 
likely to come from what 
positions his rivals — Mr 
Shintaro Abe, the Foreign 
Minister, and MrTakeshita — 
accept. If they stay out of 
Cabinet they will have a dear 
run for contesting the party 
presidency, which carries with 
it the premiership. , 



Two wm>h diving to protect themselves from the onrush of a white fighting bull as they are overtaken by the stampeding heni 
in the annual running of the balls daring the fiesta in Pamplona, northern Spain, yesterday. 

gas drives 
out 17,000 

Miaraisburg, Ohio (AP) — A 
railway tank car carrying a 
chemical used in rat poison 
was derailed and caught fire 
here releasing a 1 ,000 ft cloud. 

More than 140 people suf- 
fered minor injuries in the 
accident on Tuesday. More 
than 1 7,000 were evacuated. 

Nine people were admitted 
to hospital but none was 
believed to be seriously in- 
jured. Most were suffering 
from shortness of breath and 
burning eyes from inhaling the 
white phosphorus fumes. 

The phosphorus had 
stopped burning by late eve- 

Pravda hits at news blackout 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

Pravda yesterday launched 
a bitter attack on the lack of 
official, information on ooo- 
tinaing radiation problems be- 
ing given to residents erf the 
Gomel region of Byelorussia, 
one of the areas most seriously 
affected by the Chernobyl 
nuclear disaster on April 26. 

A hard-hitting article from a 
Pravda correspondent on the 
spot singled ont local Soviet 
newspapers and radio stations 
for particular criticism. 

He cited the example of one 
rural settlement where Soviet 
soldiers bad been surrounded 
by angry citizens demanding 
details about which vegetables 
woe safe to eat 
“The officers present had to 
give the necessary explan- 

ations,** the official Commu- 
nist Party newspaper said. 

“Why is this work not done 
by those who are responsible 
for it?” 

Pravda also quoted a region- 
al official as stating that 
residents of 48 Byelorussian 
villages had been moved ont of 
the danger zone and that seven 
of those had now been decon- 
taminated and were ready for 
the evacuees to retur n. No date 
was given when this would 
take place. 

The article was the first to 
reveal the fan extent of the 
precautions taken in addition 
to the evacuation in Byelo- 

It lies to the north of the 
stricken reactor where work to 

encase it in concrete is con- 

Measures taken included 
the bermetical sealing, of 
“about 7,000** wells and the 
doubling of the number of 
public baths and tnedkal posts 
in the region. 

But although the paper 
claimed that party officials 
were now agreed that the most 
difficult period was over, it 
acknowledged that a number 
of problems remained. 

One of these was the fact 
that there were differences of 
op to 200 per emit in die rates 
of pay being offered to workers 
from different parts of the 
Soviet Union who are now 
helping in the dangerous de- 
contamination operation. 

new heir 

T unis (Reuter) — President 
Habib Bourguiba of Tunisia, 
aged '82. intervening unex- 
pectedly in the contest to 
succeed him. named an econo- 
mist. Mr Racftid Star, as bis 
new Prime Minister and heir 

Mr ' Muhammad Mzali, 
Prime Minister since 1980, 
was dismissed yesterday after 
seeing his power and inJli 
gradually curbed in 

Only three weeks ago. Mr 
Bourguiba — who has ruled 
Tunisia since it. gained inde- 
pendence from France in 1956 
— confirmed Mr Mzali. a for- 
mer schoolteacher, as Prime 
Minister and Secretary-Gener- 
al of the ruling Destourian 
Socialist Party (PSD), saying; 
“He has my confidence, now 
and in the future.*' 

Mr Sfar had not appeared to 
be a front-runner in the con- 
test for the veteran President’s 
favours, although he had the 
right credentials. He was born 
53 years ago at Mahdia, near 
Monastir, Mr Bouiguiba’s 
home town. Mr Mzali was also 
from Monastir. 

Tunisia is faring lean years 
caused by a sharp drop in oil 
revenues, Mr Sfar's appoint- 
ment could be interpreted as 
giving new priority to solving 
die country's economic prob- 
lems. Western diplomats said. 

Two. other ministers have 
also often been lipped as poss- 
ible replacements in a city 
bumming' with rumours, pol- 
itical manoeuvring and, clan- 
nish regional rivalries. 

One is Mr Zine ei Abidine 
Ben Ali, named Interior Min- 
ister last April. The other is 
Mr Mansour Skhiri, the Pub- 
lic Administration Minister, 
who has been in daily contact 
with Mr Bourguiba since be- 
ing appointed director of the 
presidential office. ' 




. : By. Rodney Cowton - ' ■ • 

- Bermuda may bold a refer- 
endum oo independence which 
could ; end : .its. states : as 
Britain'soWest colony. . 
. Mr John Swan, the Prime 
Minister of Bermuda, who' is 
on a jjrivate vtsit toLoodon, 
said yesterday that the .ques- 
tion at independence one 
which was befog widely dis- 
cussed among the -.population 
of 56,000 people; and there 
was a feelhiig that the tine 
ought come to hold a referen- 
dum on tire subject, j 
. He was careful not to dis- 
close his own attitode to a 
referendum, bat said there was 
a need to have an extended 
public discussion of the issnes^ 
and to see whether there was a 
consensus m favour of holding 
a referendum. /: ; . 

The issue was brought into 
focus about three months ago 
when a senator introduced a 
Bill calling far a referendum, 
and althoBgh this was defeat- 
ed*' an undertakings was given 
that the issue would be Jcept 
under review; : 

Yesterday Mr -Swan had 
talks lasting about 45 minutes 
with Mrs Margaret Thatcher, 
but be refused to say whether 
the question of ind ep endence 
had been discussed, though be 
said, be was snre that Mrs 
Thatcher was well briefed on 
developments Si Bermuda. . 

Bermuda . celebrated' 375 
years as a British colony in 
1984. Although it- is internally 
self-governing, Britain haire- 
sponsibility for its external 
relations' and defence) / 

Mr - Swan said : that, brer 
spective of the "qoestioa of 
independence, he- wanted to 
see a streagtireaiBgofrefci- 
tfons between Britain and 
Bermuda. . 

He was particularly con- 
coned about trade, as Britain 
did hot take. advantage of 'sales 



Airport seenrity checks 

Greece aims for 
tourism revival 

•. From Mario Modiano, Athens • { - 




Cheque-Save is an Abbey National 
investment account with a cheque book. 
It pays you interest - the rate rising the 
more you invest - and it allows you 
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You can, for example, use the 
cheque book to pay household bills by 
post ' 

This makes Cheque-Save the ideal 
way to manage your money — even 
large sums. 

It can also provide you with an 
Abbeylink card which you can use to 
deposit or withdraw money 24 hours 
a day 7 days a week. So your account 
is always accessible. 

And you can withdraw up to £250 
a day from any Abbey National branch. 
Call in and start making money 
with Cheque-Save now. 

Or post the coupon. No need 
for a stamp. Like everything 
else about Cheque-Save, 
the postage is free. 

Greek airports used by Brit- 
ish and American tourists are 
being checked this month for 
aircraft and passenger security': 
by experts, frdm London and 
Washington. " 

The Greek authorities hope 
their findings will help them 
boost tire prospects of Greek 
tourism this year. 

A six-member staff team 
from the US Congress is 
inspecting security at Greek 
ports and airports and will be 
reporting directly to the House . 
committee oh foreign affairs. 

| A British aviation security 
expert from the Ministry of 
| Transport is due here later this 
I month to visit the main Greek 
| airports used by Britons. 

One out of every two Amer- 
ican tourists who would have 
come to Greece this year has 
now changed plans, but the 
number of Britons in the first 
five months of 1 986 increased 
by one-fifth, placing Britain 
first again in Greek tourist 

The fear of travel-related 
terrorism and possibly the 
effects of the nuclear leak at 
Chernobyl seem to have 
played havoc with the nation- 
ality pattern of Greek tourism 
between January and the end 
of May. 

The overall increase in the 
number of foreign tourists was 
as low as 4 per cent from 
1,750.000 last year to 
1.820.000. But when the num- 
ber of American visitors, who 

usually, spend five times as 
'much as the average tourist 
drops 6J per cent' to 62,000, it 
is little consolation Tor the 
Greeks that the number of 
Yugoslav tourists more than 
doubled to 148,000. ~ 

The sJumpin -the American 
tourist- market has hit luxury 
hotels severely as well as yacht 
charters andsea cruises. 

Western security experts in 
Athens believe Greece’s repu- 
tation will also certainly bene- 
fit from the drastic cuts in the 
personnel of the Libyan diplo- 
matic mission here, one of tire 
largest m Western Europe. . 

The Libyan embassy yester- 
day denied it had been asked 
by the Greek Government to 
reduce its staff, slating that 
decisions of this nature could 
be taken only by the “ruling 
basic people's assemblies of 
the Arab Libyan -Jamahiriya”. 

Western sources insisted 
that the mass exit of some 20 
Libyan diplomats had been 
quietly arranged, by mutual 
consent to protect both the 
special links between Tripoli 
and the ruling Greek Social- 
ists. but also Greece's need for 
better relations with the West 

The security euphoria' in . 
Athens was not marred by 
bomb threats which forced the 
evacuation of the West Ger- 
man and Dutch ' embassies 
yesterday and eventually . 
proved to be hoaxes. 

mission for 


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Mother Teresa of Calcutta 
(above), oo a visit to Cuba, has 
persuaded President Fidel 
Castro to allow her order of 
nans to establish a mission in 
Havana (Renter reports). 

' She anno raced the estab- 
lishment of the mission at a 
Havana saborban cfanrch after 
an unscheduled meeting with 
President Castro. 

Cbnrcfa sources said the suc- 
cess of her trip was farther ev- 
idence of a steady thaw fa rela- 
tions between Havana and the 

Mother Theresa himed that 
in Caba, where the Govern- 
ment claims to have eradicated 
material poverty, her organi- 
zation would become involved 
in spiritual work. No date for 
opening the mission was set. 
Father Carlos Manuel de 
Cespedes, secretary of Cuba’s 
Bishops Conference, said 
Mother Teresa would re torn 
for the foundation of the 
mi ssion. 

Basque 5 
to boycott 

From Richard Wigs 

The five Basques chosen in 
last month's general election 
to represent the radical left- 
wing People's Unity Party in 
the Spanish Parliament have 
said they would boycott Par- 
liament in the name of greater 
Basque self-determination. 

But they have visited Ma^ 
dnd to register the returning 
officers certificates of 'Then- 

Sefior Jon Idfgoras, the 
Peoples Unity spokesman, 
used the occasion inside Par- 
liament to call for negotiations 
between Eta. the Basque 
armed separatist organization, 
and the Spanish state: 

The time was “now right for 
a political solution” to the 
Basque question, Seiior idi-." 
goras. aged 50. a former steel 

er > said. an< * trat * c un ‘ on lead- 

Technically the five - four 
men and one woman — will 
never be MPs, since they 
indicated they would not take 
die oath required of all new 
EEft! 10 “R h oW Spain’s 

linn T^ m0C r c L Constitu- 
tion. They will therefore hoi 
draw any salary. 

Thefive made their stand in 
Wandas the Basque Nation- 
alist Party, which forms the 
government i„ fo e aiitono-. ' 
mous regi 0n , prepares for a ' 
possibly crucial national coi£ 

ferencethisweekendSS^ : 








to boys* 


Ho BklUrn® conflict wm the worlds 6* “*« of 
.. . technology air/sea warfare. As such, it served to we 
the incieasiBglj' important role that radar wdl >t 

... , M ttotott y »«t»~'”P teld y“ wbr lef «’ 

MM* « number of MemMlon.1 oomp«n« jjjjj* 

,f ms 

= m 

Our use of gallium arsenide circuitry (an area in which 
we lead the world) is enabling us to build what’s known as 
a phased-array sensor 

Far frombeingapipe dream, its fcst becoming a reality 
Combining the functions of surveillance and tracking, 
it has a computer which instantly controls the radarbeam 

^^^rindieareasoflongiangeairdetecUon, jgg 

"STU.1 cpeW^ “** 

indication for m “ s ^ S _ 42 dest royers,Type 23 frigates 

and Invincible growing threat. 

e the RNs current needs, were now looking 
HaVilg « re the growing danger is likely to come in 
to the future, e . _j evel saturat ion attacks, 
the form of comp ■ ^ ^ Minisby 0 f Defence (Navy) 

Working close - develop a radical new 

, ffla de it our priori y 

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Clearly phased-array radar is the future of radar tech- 
nology and Plessey is one of the few companies which have 

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An aggressive policy. 

Though we’ve established a world-wide reputation as 
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activities extend way beyond this. 

Were equally energetic in the fields of tele-communi- 

cations and micro-electronics. 

In fact, we have leading edge products in all these 
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in technology. 

This, combined with sound strategic planning, means 
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new products. 

By 1987 SS products developed since die early 
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WeYe sood reason to point out the enduring 

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Right now, were keen to preserve these unique 


For more than 40 years we’ve been helping the nations 
defences. Whatever happens in the future, we sincerely 
hope that it’s an independent Plessey that continues 
to do so. 




US shaken by death of athletes 

Five votes i Travel ban on Manila rebels 

Outcry over cocaine abuse 

lift sex 

From Michael Binyon 

As America reels in shock at 
the recent cocaine deaths' of 
two young sports idols, a na- 
tional survey has revealed that 
nearly one-third of all college 
students have tried the drug 
by the lime they graduate. 

At the same time the com- 
missioner of the National 
Football League has announc- 
ed plans for compulsory ran- 
dom drug tests of all players 
this coming season, and tough 
new penalties to curb what 
many fear is a devastating new 
wave of drug-taking among 
America's top athletes. 

Widespread concern at the 
epidemic of cocaine abuse, 
spurred by the availability of a 
highly addictive distillate call- 
ed “crack”, has been highlight- 
ed by startling recent statistics. 

These show that one in six 
have tried cocaine while at 
school: the drug now has 4 to 5 
million regular users: the 
plague is costing America 
about S2S billion (£16 billion) 
a yean and more than half of 
all crime in the United States 
is now related to drugs. 

The latest figures mini the 
Government's annual drug 
survey found that, while mari- 
juana use had fallen sharply 
among students, cocaine had 
gained a "surprising and 
unsettling" foothold on cam- 
pus. Many students were un- 
aware of the dangers asso- 
ciated with the drug. Although 
daily use of cocaine still 
applied only to one-tenth of 1 

per cent of the student popula- 
tion last year, an ever larger 
number were experimenting 
with cocaine. 

It has taken the sudden and 
unrelated deaths of two top 
black athletes — both at the 
peak of fitness and opportuni- 
ty — to arouse a nationwide 

Len Bias, aged 22, died on 
June 19 of cocaine-induced 
cardiac arrest, two days after 
the National Basketball Asso- 
ciation ranked him as the sec- 
ond best college player in the 
country. Eight days later toxi- 
cologists found a lethal dose of 
cocaine in the body of Don 
Rogers, aged 23. a Cleveland 
football star. Each was sur- 
rounded by family and friends 
and was said to be happy and 
free of trouble. 

The death of Bias prompted 
a .police inquiry into reports 

that he was supplied with a 
huge overdose of cocaine by 
friends and associates. 

A shaken University of 
Maryland, where he played 

college basketball, has begun 
its own investigation into 
drugs on campus. His funeral 
was attended by thousands. 

Black commentators have 
warned of the special danger 
of drugs to black, unemployed 

On Tuesday Mr William 
Bennett, the Secretary of Edu- 
cation, called on every college 
president to enforce strictly a 
drugs ban on campus. He said 
universities had a duty to 
parents to protect their chil- 
dren from drugs and drug 
pushers. “Parents do not ex- 
pect colleges to be neutral as 
between decent morality and 

In the light of the athletes' 
death, he asked: "What of the 
role of our cultural institu- 
tions ? Our colleges . . . call to 
task the rest of society for fail- 
ing to live up to its stated 
ideals. They set themselves 
the role of moral gadfly, moral 
conscience. But what of 

Professional football play- 
ers have vigorously opposed 

ban on 

Delay in Thai appeal 

Nonthaburi, Thailand (AP) 
- Thailand's Appeals Court 
will take at least a year to act 
on the case of an Australian 
sentenced to death for heroin 
trafficking, a senior court offi- 
cial said yesterday. 

If the court turns down the 
appeal. Donald Taft, aged 52, 
of Sydney, could be the first 
Westerner executed on drags 
charges in Thailand. 

Bat the Thai court official 
said: “Thailand is a Buddhist 
nation. I believe Tait's sen- 
tence win be reduced from 
death to life imprisonment” 
Tail was arrested last July 
on the resort island of Phuket. 
Police said they found AA lb of 
heroin in his suitcase, al- 
though Taft denied charges of 
possessing heroin with intent 

the announcement on Tues- 
day of mandatory random 
unne samples. If drug use is 
found, penalties will include 
suspension and eventually a 
one-year ban on players. 

The Players Association 
condemned the plan as an 
invasion of privacy. But police 
fear drug use in schools and 
sports clubs is only a small 
part of the drug trafficking 

“Crack” — smokeable co- 
caine — is cheap, plentiful and 
intensely addictive. Cocaine 
smuggling from South Amer- 
ica has risen 500 per cent. 

Crack-smoking houses, con- 
trolled by criminals and 
guarded by vigilantes, have 
sprung up in urban ghettoes, 
spawning violence. 

Police raids are often fruit- 
less. recovering too little evi- 
dence for prosecution. Under- 
cover investigations lead no- 
where, as crack can be manu- 
factured in any kitchen. 

Police have argued that 
courts are loo lenient and that 
public indifference and a cut- 
back, in drug preventive edu- 
cation have nullified the step- 
ped-up efforts of the Drug En- 
forcement Administration to 
stem the flow. 

But the deaths of the two 
athletes, coupled with the 
latest statistics, have made the 
war on drugs headline news 
here for the past three weeks. 
As Newsweek said, the Si 00 
billion a year drug habit is a 
“national scandal” which 
America seems powerless to 

NZ gays 

From Richard Long 

After an agonizing 16- 
month debate, the New Zea- 
land Parliament last night 
passed a homosexual law re- 
form Bill legalizing homosex- 
ual acts between consenting 
males over the age of 16. 

The Private Member’s BID, 
introduced by a junior govern- 
ment whip, Ms Fran Wilde, 
.was passed by only five votes 
after lengthy, and at times ! 
acrimonious, debate. 

The packed public galleries 
rose to applaud when ft was 
announced that the Bill had 
succeeded by 49 votes to 44. 
Only one MP was absent. Ms 
Wilde was cheered when she 
emerged from the chamber 
after the vote. 

But the leader .of - those 
opposed to reform of the law, 
the Opposition MP Mr 
Graeme Lee, said after the 
vote that his supporters would 
bring a repeal BiD before 
Parliament next year or after 
the next election. In the mean- 
time, he said, his powerful 
lobby would work to unseat 
MPs who voted for the reform. 

Mr Lee said the vote was a 
dark day and MPs had ig- 
nored a petition with 800,000 
signatures, the biggest in the 
country's history, opposing the 

Ms Wilde's BiD was the 
first attempt to amend the tow 
for 11 years. 

From Keith Dalton 

One day after an aborted 
revolt, President Corazon 
Aquino yesterdaybanned ral- 
lies and demonstrations by 
supporters of the ousted lead- 
er, Mr Ferdinand Marcos, and 
barred leaders of the rebellion 
from leaving the country. 

Mrs Aquino also announc- 
ed that an independent: board 
of inquiry would investigate 
the extent of military involve- 
ment in the 36-hour revolt 
‘ A parallel probe into the 
uprising was ordered by the 
armed farces Chief of Staff 
General Fidel Ramos. 

Eight pro-Marcos generals 
n Sunday supported an at- 

' <| 

on Sunday supported an at- 
tempt by the former Foreign 
Minister, Mr Arturo 
Tolennno, to form a break- 
away government with him- 
self as acting President and 
seize the luxury Manila Hotel 
as their seat of government. 

More than 300 soldiers 
from a military eamp north of 
Manila and' several thousand 

Marcos loyalists occupied the 
hotel until dawn on Tuesday. 

The Philippines President, Mrs Corazon Aquino, using a 
stool to cross a flooded driveway in Manila on her- way to a 
Cabinet meeting at the presidential palace yesterday. 

Le winning 

Nigel Mansell’s stunning win in 
the French Grand Prix with Nelson 
Piquet third, keeps the Williams 
team on top in the Constructors 

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From Ahmed Fazl 

Bangladesh's opposition 
parties are set to call a 
showdown with the military 
Government on the streets of 
Dhaka today as the. new 
Parliament, the country's 
third, begins siting. 

General Ershad, who seized 
power in March 1 982. has said 
martial law will continue until 
the Opposition recognizes his 
Government and allows the 
330-seat House to pass a 
constitution amendment Bill 
legalizing martial rule. 

Sheikh Hasina Wazed, the 
leader of the opposition 
Awami League, has said oppo- 
sition members will boycott 
Parliament today and she 
herself will lead a pretest 
march to Parliament House. 

The Interior Ministry has 
banned all demonstrations 
within a mile of the House, in 
north Dhaka, and yesterday 
hundreds of police in riot gear 
and paramilitary security 
forces were being deployed in 
anticipation of public 

Protest rallies have also 
been planned by the former 
ruling Bangladesh Nationalist 
Party led by Begum Khaleda 
Zia. - 1 

hotel until dawn on Tuesday, 
when the soldiers gave them- 
selves up and the civilians 
were driven from the badly- 
soiled and partly looted world- 
famous hotel. 

Those involved in the revolt 
would have to pledge, alle- 
giance to the provisional con- 
stitution. of the ' four-month- 
old government^ 1 Mrs Aquino 
said, after discussing the re- 
volt with her Cabinet 
..A presidential spokesman 
later ~ said the Government 
would take “appropriate ac- 
tion” if the rebel leaders re- 
fused. He did not say what this 
action would be. 
i Mrs Aquino, however, has 
been under pressure from gov- 
ernment officials and her sup- ■ 
porters to charge Mr Tol- 
entino and his key followers 
with rebellion. 

While Marcos supporters, 
are free to. denounce her 
Government, Mrs Aquino 
said she would no longer allow 
rallies and “demonstrations 
that are not truly ah exercise 
of freedom of speech but are 
designed to further the rebel 
cause”. " - , . 

The vaguely worded presi- 
dential order, observers say, 
allows the Government broad 
latitutde to determine what is 
a legitimate demonstration 
and what n-noL 
The final decision to grant a 
Tally permit woujd'be taken by 
local police chiefs, the presi- ' 
dential executive secretary, 
Mr Joker "Arroyoz, said. 

“Certain people have trifled 
too long with the dignity and 
stability of the present Gov- 
ernment and the new constitu- 
tional order,” Mrs Aquino 

While grateful that the re- 
volt concluded without blood- 
shed, Mrs Aquino said she was 
“compelled by reasons of na- 
tional interest and unity to re- 
quire a pledge of loyalty to the 
constitution from the leaders 
in that illegal act of defiance” 
While the renegade officers 
and soldiers involved in the 
revolt have been exonerated, 
this does not predude General 
Ramos from taking “admin- 
istrative” action against the 
senior officers, such as retire- 
ment, Mr Arroyoz told report- 

W- ■ 

Delhi rivalry re-opens 

From Knldip Nayar, Delhi . 

A I* 355 opened between Gandhi appointed his secre- 

A ^u nis ^ ve ^ PC Alexander, an 
&mce (IAS) and the Indian IAS officer, as High Commis- 
Foreign Service (IPS) after ihe sioner to the UK. The IPS was 
appointment of another IAS- unhappy but ft was seen as an 
* mbassador - ' exception. Now thHpS 
^ 1 sl * ces ? or nient of Mr P.K. Kaul.Gtbi- 

Indtan Civil Service of the net secretary and an IAS man. 

!? p P° s,llons ,n as Ambassador in Washington 

Ihe central anri «nt*> onvm. . 

- _ - ■ HViuiiVHAM UUI IU Wdh 

h3Sre -° PCTedlhtro "'- 

to enter the diplomatic field The IFS has demanded that 
were resisted, but after coming its officers alro be S 
.to power in IQS4 Me • 50 X SCM to 





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1928: Bom In the Georgian vfflaga 

19I& JotfiedScivlrtOTnmiunfei 


1961: Elected Bret secretary of the 
Mtskheta cBstrict committee 
of Geoigia cxHTimunrst party 
1965: Appointed.minister of 

internal affairs in Georgia. 
.1972: Elected first secretary of 
Georgian communist party's 
rufing centred committee. 
1976: Bected a member of central ■ 
committee of the communist 




T he truism -“it is evident 
that Mr Shevardnadze is 
not Mr Gromyko” — 
offered by Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, the British For- 
eign Secretary, after they met for 
the first time in Helsinki nearly a 
year ago has taken on new 
meaning. It says a lot, both about 
the new Soviet Foreign Minister’s 
personality and the way in which 
he has operated in the post that 
was occupied by his dour-faced 
and influential predecessor for an 
unbroken period of nearly 27 

When Eduard Ambrosievich 
Shevardnadze arrives in London 
on Sunday, he will be the most 
senior member of the Kremlin 
hierarchy to visit Britain since 
Alexei Kosygin, the then Prime 
Minister, in 1967. 

His trip will be important pot 
only to those British officials 
hoping that it will cement the 
recent improvement in Anglo- 
Soviet relations but also to a wider 
international audience, anxious to 
see the role Shevardnadze will 
play after the recent and drastic 
shake-up of the conduct of Soviet 
foreign policy, which has seen 
much of the control revert from 
his ministry to the upper echelons 
of the Communist Party. 

Experienced observers believe 
that it would be simplistic to see 
the recent upgrading of the posi- 
tion of Anatoly Dobrynin, the 
former veteran Washington en- 
voy, .as necessarily implying a 
downgrading for Shevardnadze, - 
ah affable, saver-haired Georgian 
who is regarded as one of the most 
personable and innovative mem- 
bers of the Kremlin’s 12-strong 
ruling Politburo. 

“Shevardnadze’s charm and his 
relative lack of diplomatic experi- 
ence meant that from the day of 

policy rather than its chief 
creator”, a senior diplomat 

His succession to Gromyko on 
July 2 last year came as a shock to 
Moscow's large team of resident 
Kremlinologists. causing the US 
ambassador, Arthur Hartman, 
visibly to shake his head in 
disbelief as the news was an- 
nounced in the Kremlin's impos- 
ing Palace of Congresses. The 
surprise was causal both by 
Gromyko's image as a permanent 
fixture and Shevardnadze's main 
reputation as an internal 

With Mikhail Gorbachov both 
willing and able to shoulder much 
of the burden of Soviet diplomacy 
himself, especially in Paris last 
October and at Geneva a few 
weeks later, much of 
Shevardnadze's time has been 
spent with the more humdrum 
task of presiding over a thorough 
shake-up of the rambling Soviet 
foreign ministry. 

his appointment last July he was 
seen as a presenter of foreign 

I t is still in progress and has 
already included a wholesale 
rationalization of areas into 
which the world is divided, 
the appointment of a string 
of new-style ambassadors and the 
promotion of younger officials at 
home. The dramatic centrepiece 
of the reorganization was the 
private foreign policy conference 
held in Moscow a few weeks ago 
and attended by the heads of all 
Soviet missions abroad. Both 
Gorbachov and Shevardnadze de- 
livered speeches and although 
details remain secret, both were 
sharply critical of the conduct of 
Soviet diplomacy. 

Apart from adding dynamism 
and flexibility to his office, one of 
Shevardnadze's tasks — well suit- 
ed to his outgoing southern per- 
sonality — is to do away with the 
rigid image of the Gromyko era 

Forward more: but will foreign minister Shevardnadze prove more than one of Gorbachov's pawns? 

which earned his predecessor the , 
nickname of “Mr Nyet”. 

During the shake-up, which has 
seen the reassertion of the power 
of the central committee's interna- 
tional department under the new 
command of Dobrynin, Moscow’s 
busy rumour mill has intermit- 
tently and inaccurately predicted a 
quick transfer for Shevardnadze 
from the foreign minister's desk. 
But other, more cautious analysts 
have noted the importance of the 
organizational work he was super- 

vising at the ministry’s towering 
“Stalin gothic” headquarters. 

They expect him to emerge in a 
stronger light as a result of the 
London talks and the postponed 
pre-summit negotiations with 
George Shultz, expected within 
the next two months. The Cassan- 
dras predicting his early demise 
appear not to have taken into 
account his dose personal rela- 
tionship with Gorbachov, who 
first came into contact with his 
future Foreign Minister during 

Shevardnadze's introduction of 
agricultural experiments in Geor- 
gia in the early 1970s and who saw 
to it that he was elected a full 
voting member of die Politburo 
before his move to the foreign 
ministry (Dobrynin remains a 
antral committee secretary). 

In many ways, Shevardnadze is 
an enigma within the Kremlin 
leadership. At the age of 58, he has 
yet to show his colours in public 
and has taken a bade seat both 
because of the upheavals in his 

' ministry (which recently. lost its 
chief spokesman, Vladimir 
Lomeiko) and the attention which 
the energetic Gorbachov devotes 
to foreign affairs. •• 

“We have yet to see enough of 
Shevardnadze's performance to be 
able to make a final judgement”, a 
European diplomat said. “We 
know that he has die charm and 
the ability to handle people, but 
until now that has been used 
- mostly inside his ministry. Per- 
haps the next few weeks will lift 
the veil a little.” 

Shevardnadze was- born on 
January 25. 1928, in the small 
west Georgian village of Mamati 
near the Black Sea coast. His 
father was a tocher and he 
graduated in history before plung- 
ing into party youth work in the 
republic, long regarded as the 
most corrupt of the. 15 making up 
the Soviet Union. 

Later, he gained first-hand 
knowledge of the wheeling and 
dealing when be became minister 
of the interior and then, in 1972, 
party leader with the specific job 
of putting the republic’s house in 
order. This was a near-impossible 
task, given its long tradition of 
nepotism, black-marketeering, 
fencing of stolen properly and 
mishandling of official funds. 

Shortly before his appointment, 
a frustrated Shevardnadze -is re- 
ported to have snapped; “Is there 
anything here that is not for sale? 
If there is, I cannot think of ft.” He 
stripped senior party officials of 
illegal possessions including mil- 
lions of roubles, Mercedes Benz 
cars and luxury villas (although 
those are still a feature of the 
landscape): “We Georgians,, a 
people of farmers, heroes and 
poets, have become thieves, cheats 
and black marketeers”, he said 
when his crusade was at its .height. 

At one meeting, he expressed 
fury when he saw a glittering _ 
collection of imported watches on 
the upraised wrists of members 
taking a vote. 

S ome years after, later, he 
personally took personal 
charge of a succesful anti- 
hijacking operation 
mounted after a. plane 
was seized by a local group and 
forced to land at TbinsL Apart 
from his local reputation as a 
disciplinarian (which earned him 
the nickname of Mr Clean), he 
also caught the attention of the 
central leadership with his decen- 
tralizing agricultural reforms 
which boosted; .production.. 

His enthusiasm for economic 
. reform and his ruthless dean-up 
•campaign mirrored Gorbachov's 
approach and marked him out for 
promotion. He is one of the few 
Georgians (with the notable ex? 
ceplion of Stalin) to have held 
high office. : 

Although as Foreign Minister 
his essential -quality has been, in 
the words of one diplomat, “to act 
as his master's voice”, his thinking 
is known - to be- dose to 
Gorbachov's on a wide range of 
issues. Such empathy gives British 
Officials confidence that the Lon- 
don talks will provide valuable 
insights into the chances of sub- 
stantive progress in the key area of 
international arms controL . 

Christopher Waller 

Bachelors of Fop are there 
none. Nor does a Master of 
Rock exist to guide the for- 
tunes of drummers in dire 
straights. But all that could be 
changing, thanks to a guitar- 
ist -turned-lecturer whose high 
road to success is signposted: 
Bathgate, West Lothian. 

In that unlikely setting, 
Gordon Campbell — once of 
The Upstarts, now a financial 
specialist and lecturer in busi- 
ness studies at West Lothian 
college of further education — 
came op with the idea of a 
training scheme for the top 
jobs in popular music after 
inquiries from young people 
seeking a career In the pop 
world. “There was -simply 
nothing that offered a specific- 
training that would be useful”, 
he said. Now there is — the 
Higher National Certificate 
(Music Management). 




good businessmen, a failure 
which has given the business a 
bad name. “There are so many 
cowboys managing groups who 
do not have experience, knowl- 
edge and skill to do the job” 
said Mr Campbell. “That is 
why you hear of so many 
people getting Into bad con- 
tracts and being ripped off.” 

Pop music management 
requires a certain flair and 
instinct hot people with those 
qualities are oot necessarily 

The first foil-time course, 
which lasts a year, begins next 
month. It will be restricted to 
IS students and is already 
over-subscribed. The course 
covers normal business studies 
such as law, accountancy, 
statistics and organizational 
psychology — the many ways 

of saying, perhaps, “don't ring 
os we’ll ring yon”. 

During the year the students 
will form their own record 
label and be encouraged to 
scout the dobs and pubs of 
Bathgate to spot the talent 
with commercial potential. 
Next year Bathgate could be a 
good place for stars waiting to 
5a bora. 

“They will assess the acts or 
artists, package and promote 
than. There's a lot to it They 
have ■ to decide whether a 
particular group was likely to 
give large income over a short 
period or should be allowed to 
develop slowly.” 

The students will use com- 
mercial studio facilities in 
Edinburgh and London. Mr 
Campbell admits the keen 
entrepreneurial ear will be 
more valuable on the course 
than perfect pitch. “Yon could 
be tone deaf yet still succeed as 
a pop businessman. Id fact 
musicians might be a bit 
frustrated on this coarse.” 


Putting quality back in the Mersey 

Invest from 

and enjoy 





Income Bonds. Haying II -25% jxa. from II July Get the details 
from your post office. Or ring 0800 100 100 (free) any time. 
Or send the coupon— no stamp needed. 

| To NjmhuI Swings, FREEPOST 4335, Briwol BSI 3YX. Pleaie *nd me detail*. | 








1 024403 L.j= 

In its time, the River Mersey 
has provided the power that 
generated the Industrial Revo- 
lution, and has given its name 
to a musical sound that went 
around the world. Today, it 
meanders sluggishly through a 
landscape of declining tradi- 
tional industry, and the most 
common sound along its 
banks is the daily sluicing of 
millions of gallons of raw 
sewage into its waters. 

The river has been used and 
abused for generations; a 
dumping ground for the dere- 
liction of a consumer society, 
old cars, prams, supermarket 
trolleys, and household rub- 
bish. It has been fouled by 
industry and poisoned by 
agriculture until it has the 
unenviable reputation as the 
most polluted river estuary in 
Europe. In short, it is a 
national disgrace. 

A campaign to dean up the 
Mersey Basin, 1,000 miles of 
river and waterways stretching 
from the port of Liverpool to 
the western slopes of foe 
Fennines, across a region 
housing more than five mil- 
lion people, is under way. It 
will include not just foe 
Mersey but its many tributar- 
ies. and foe aim is to clean foe 
waters so that fish will once 
again be able to survive, and 
to rid foe river banks and foe 
land alongside them of decay- 
ing and derelict buildings. 

The undertaking is enor- 
mous. It will cost more than 
£4 billion and will take at least 
25 years. When I flew with Mr 
John Tavare. foe chairman of 
the government-led clean up 
campaign, on a helicopter tour 
around the region, he repeat- 
edly pointed out problems 
that were evident even from 
1.500 feet. 

The one-hour flight above 
some of foe worst excesses in 
the country was a clear indica- 
tion that foe problem is not 
just about removing liner 
from foe streets or the graffiti 
daubed on inner city 

In many parts of foe coun- 
try. and especially in the 
North, today's environment is 
scarred by foe physical re- 
minders of past days when 
industry boomed unhindered 
by modem planning restric- 
tions. Tavare, foe retired man- 
aging director of a bleaching 
and dyeing company, and 
former chairman of foe CB1 in 
foe Nonh-wesu is not. howev- 
er, a romantic environmen- 

Although a cleaned-up river 
system will provide for leisure 
pursuits and increase tourism. 

A once-healthy industrial artery has become clogged by a 
century of misuse, but a unique £4 billion campaign aims 
to restore it. Peter Davenport saw the problem from the air 

I'J * v ••• 

MIm Arran 

... x -TViVi *v> < 

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ms i 

“ ’ • -«■*. 

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_ - i _ 

Troubled water seeks flood of money: John Tavare, his problem behind him, visits the bank 

he believes the practical bene- 
fits of a more attractive land- 
scape will be that foe hard- 
nosed business of persuading 
new industry into foe region — 
in competition with more 
desirable areas like foe South- 
east Bristol, and Edinburgh — 
will become that much easier. 

“People might ask why 
should we put it right? Why 
bother at all?" he says. “This 
area was once foe centre of the 
world's industry. It gave this 
country’ its wealth. Bui foe 
river at the centre of it all was 
used and abused. The nation 
as a whole ' benefited from 

‘It is about our 
ability to do 
well again* 

what happened here, but we 
have been left with foe 

“We have a spoil heap out 
there. Who wants to come? 
Are foe companies we need to 
provide new jobs going to get 
their highly-paid managers to 
bring their families here? It 
simply has to be done. It is not 
just about dean water and 
dean sewers. It is about foe 
regeneration of an entire re- 
gion. It is about our ability to 
do well again.' 4 

The problems are easily 
defined, but achieving the 
solution much more compli- 
cated. The Mersey Basin cam- 

paign. which embraces the 
Government. 30 local authori- 
ties responsible for land-based 
improvements and foe North- 
West Water Authority, is the 
largest programme of its kind 
undertaken in western 

It has already attracted £67 
million of European regional 
development fund money, the 
first gram of its kind. The 
funds to meet the rest of the 
ambitious programme will 
come from water rates, gov- 
ernment grants, the EEC and 
from those private industries 
which can be attracted into a 
joint venture with foe public 

The condition of foe Mersey 
comes as a shock to most 
people; the discharge of raw 
sewage is more readily associ- 
ated with deprived. Third 
World nations. But foe inti- 
mate details of its disposal do 
not make for the most popular 
of after-dinner topics. Tavare, 
however, has two favourite 
anecdotes which neatly sum 
up the decline of foe Mersey. 

The first highlights just how 
clean and pure its waters once 
were. Apprentices at a river- 
side cqtion .mill in foe early 
days of the Industrial Revolu- 
tion complained of a monoto- 
nous diet of fresh salmon 
taken from the river, and as a 
result, it was restricted to 
being served on only two days 
a week. 

The other story is more 
recent. A worker at a local 

factory was tossed into foe 
Mersey as a prank on foe eve 
of his wedding day. “He came 
out. with his skin turned 
brown, and the bride refiised 
to consummate foe marriage 
until foe effects had worn off 
some lime later." 

It is no joke, however, foal 

hospital for a check up in case 
you have caught something 

Among foe schemes already 
under way . is a £160 million 
programme to build sewage 
plants- to replace almost 50 
raw sewage outlets around 
Liverpool and Birkenhead. 

The short-term aim is to 
prevent further deterioration 
of the river water quality. The 
longer-term ambition is to 
have coarse fish back within 
25 years. At least half foe 
13,000 miles of sewers and 
most of foe 1.200 storm 
overflows in the area need 
replacing or upgrading.- 

When Michael Hesehine 
first saw foe . state of the 
Mersey and its derdict build- 
ings, he said that if it had been 
in the South-east it would.not 
have been tolerated, John 
Tavare was asked to take the 
appointment as campaign 
chairman by Heseltine’s suc- 
cessor Patrick Jenkin, who in 
turn was succeeded by 
Kenneth Baker and then 
Nicholas Ridley. When Rid- 
ley moved , into the office, 
among the first letters he 
received was one from 
Tavare, • seeking continued 
government commitment. 

Tavare’s commitment is to- 
tal and passionate. “The river 
should be magnificent. It is a 
living thing that we have done 

it is nojoke, however, tnat . our best to damage, and we 
lL/° U fell roto the Mersey have almost killed it. It has got 
today, according to Tavare, w-ht ~ B 

today, according to Ta\ 
“you really should go 

to be put right.” 

©Turns Newspaper* Lid, IMS 



8 Radiation monitor 

9 Anger(3) 

10 Tom Sawyer author 

11 Carried (3) 

13 Inner character (7) 
16 Turns down (7) 

19 Glove leather (SI 
22 Diced vegetables (9) 

24 Toss up <33 

25 Taught dogma (13) 


1 Selfish person (6) 

2 Cut in two (6) 

3 Hamilton Islands (8) 

4 Uncommon (6) 

5 Cam/tsis boat (4) 

6 Achieve (6) 

7 Stunned state (6) 

12 Bullfight shout (3) 

14 Scorching (8) 

15 Trophy 13) . 

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16 Stay (6) 

17 Front (6) ‘ 

18 Snowglkfcisf6) 

20 -Taste sense (6) 
21 Damfn chores (6) 
23 Chan pet (4) -X 


ACROSS;. 1 Comfit . 4 Damask T Lash 

ACROSS:. I Comfit . 4 Damask 7 Lash 8 Kedgeree '- 9 Lamented ;13 
CND 16 Made to measure ITTec 19 Apostate 24 Bcjnwfcte 25 
Newt 26 Steppe 27 Lapsed • 

DOWN: 1 Call 2 Mishandle 3 Token .4 Dodge 5 Meek £ 

Skein 10 Extra U -Tempo 12 Draft 13 Counikss 14-Diet K : " 
Smut 18.Ereci ■20_Rate- 2LSssti. 22 Grio-* 23 Stutf- 


r n> 1 

fi!V ‘ 

1976: Beefed an alternate (non- 

- • voting) member of Politburo. 

1985: July 1: Bected a fuK member 
of Potitburo. July 2: appointed 
minister for foreign affairs. 

Although some leading intellec- 
tuals regarded him as a dose! 
Russian (a reputation enhanced 
when he told .foe 1976 regional 
party congress that “for us Geor- 
gians. the suit does not rise in foe 
east, but in foe north, in Russia”), 
he 'won local popularity in foe 
emotional struggle over Georgian 
lingustic rights. On one occasion, 
be is reported to have telephoned 
the Kremltnand threatened resig- 
nation, if Russian was to become 
foe repubJ ic'spri ncipal language. 

•He also showed considerable 
physical courage-in handling crises 
.during his 13. years in control m 
Tbilisi. Once: in 1977. when anti- 
Russian demonstrations broke out 
during a football match after a 
disputed penalty, he strode on to 
the pitch with a megaphone and 
persuaded foe rioting fans .and 
truncheon-wielding policemen to 
withdraw peacefully. 




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in the steps of The Master i The Stately Heritage of England 

nr- - - 

After seven years of research 
into the- most rewarding of 
intellectual pursuits - the 

■ works of P.G. Wodehouse — 
.Norman Murphy, submitted 
his fascinating findings to ten 

■ publishers, and they all reject- 
ed them on the grounds that 
.they were too scholarly. 

Too scholarly indeed. Is ii 
possible to be so in reference 
to The Master? These weak- 
kneed people have no doubt 
suffered the same punishment 
reserved b> Wodehouse for 
his critics, eaten by bears, like 
the children who mocked the 
..prophet Elijah. Murphv's an- 
swer was to go right' ahead and 
• publish In Search of Bland tugs 
himself. That showed them, 
and now a publisher who 
avoided the terminal fate has 
.reciiGed mailers with a new 
edition, which has the addi- 
tion of an introduction by 
Tom Sharpe, and a chapter by 
Walter S. White on the Oldest 
Member's home golf course 
(Sound View. Great Neck, 
Long Island. New York). 

With the thoroughness of a 
military campaigner. Colonel 
Murphy went back to the 
sources of Wodehouse's inspi- 
ration. using libraries, street 
maps, and the London tele- 
phone directory to look in 
vain for the name Ukridge. 
(Wodehouse was at school 
. with members of the Uridge 

Wodehouse's work has not 
been neglected. It has been 
dissected in detail, giving a 
rainbow of opinions. But the 
sellings and characters have 
never been examined so close- 
ly: and Murphy shows that 



By N.T.P.Murphy 

Seeker d. 1! 'arfrurg, CI2.Q5 

while Wodehouse was a great 
imaginative writer he based 
ail —or almost all — his world 
on real people and places. He 
had. Murphy says, taken the 
advice of Bob Davis, editor of 
Munscy's Magazine in New 
York, early in his career to 
write about * the things he 

So Murphy has found that 
there was a Bertie Wooster (a 
mixture of Wodehouse him- 
self. Lord Mildmay. the stee- 
plechase rider, and George 
Grossmilh. a man of the 
theatre and son of the 
Grossmith of Dion' cf a 
Nobody). There was a Ukridge 
and Psmith, The Drones Club 
existed (pan Bachelors’, part 
Buck's, and part The Bath): 
and the aunts, uncles, clergy, 
and servants were all there 

It is Blandings, however, 
that ■ most fascinates Mur- 
phy — as it fascinated Wode- 

housc. who wrote in the 
foreword to Summer Light- 
ning. “The place exercises a 
son of spell over me. I am 
always popping down to 
Shropshire and - looking in 
there to hear the latest news. 
Nol only the house, but the 
grounds and views had to be 
right. Murphy finds that it is 
■not in Shropshire, a county 
Wodehouse knew well. 

From a short list of 26 
stately homes, he rules out the 
12 Shropshire prospects, in- 
cluding Apley Park, near 
Bridgenonh. which Anne 
E. Wood put forward in A 
Centenary Celebration, pub- 
lished in 1981- although he 
admits it was a good 

Taking Wodehouse's asser- 
tion that Blandings was “a son 
of mixture of places I 
remembered”. Colonel Mur- 
phy concludes that it was three 
places. It was Corsham Court 
near Bath, where Wodehouse | 
went skating while staying as a 
boy with a clergyman uncle, 
ana which has provided the 
view from the lake and the 
silhouette of a great house 
against the skyline. It was 
Weston Park. Staffordshire, 
home of an earl, but not a 
castle, with terraces, lake and 
gardens as they should be. and 
close to the market town of 
Shifnal. a perfect fit for Mar- 
ket Blandings. And it was 
Sudeley Castle in Gloucester- 
shire. a proper castle, with 

Pui them together and you 
have Blandings. Now read the 

W hile picture books may 
make pleasant, ir 
shon-lived acquaint- 
ances. a good guide- 
book is a friend for life - or at least 
until the next edition. The trouble 
is that - with the notable excep- 
tion of the late Sir Nikolaus 
Pevsner's still flourishing proge- 
nv - there are so few worthwhile 
guide-books -now being produced. 
Lately several promising regional 
or chronological series (and I am 
not thinking merely of a certain 
illustrated index of country houses) 
seem to have become becalmed in 
sponsorship or publishing difficul- 
ties. Disturbing rumours have been 
circulating about the demise of the 
delightful Shell country guides: one 
earnestly wishes John Piper. Rich- 
ard Ingrams, ei al. well in their 
efforts to effect resuscitation. 

The latest title under this far 
from slick sponsorship is one that 
reads rather more appositely than, 
say. the “Ever- Ready Derby - 
The Shell Guide to British 
Archaelogy. by Jacquetta Hawkes 
(Michael Joseph. £14.95). Its publi- 
cation coincides with the forth- 
coming major exhibition on 
“Archaeology in Britain” at the 
British Museum. For someone like 
myself whose "period" tends to 
start in 1485. this guide-book is an 
especially welcome introduction to 
our prehistoric and Roman past. 
Following Miss Hawkes's crisply 
succinct history of archaeology in 
this country and an account of 
prehistoric and Roman Britain, 
there comes an inviting gazetteer 
i (with text by Paul Bahn and 
photographs by Jorge Lewinski) to 
over 600 sites. The point to bear in 
mind - so well brought out in 
Miss Hawkes's biography of Sir 
Mortimer Wheeler -is that ar- 
chaeology should aim “to dig up 
people" and not merely dry-as-dust 
artefacts. Incidentally, it is not only 
to the septuagenarian Miss 
Hawkes's generation that the 
changed county names and bound- 
aries “still seem strange and 
deplorable”. . 

The pipe of Miss Hawkes s late 
husband, jolly Jack Priestley 
projects pugnaciously from one of 
the illustrations in Russell 
Chamberlin's enjoyable evocation 
ofThe Idea of England (Thames & 
Hudson, exceptional value at 
£9.95). The title is taken from a 
passage in that indefatigable sight- 
seer Celia Fiennes's Journeys 
(1684-1712). If all persons, she 
wrote, “both Ladies, much more 

- , r> 

There could hardly be a _ _ _ __ . 

^greater contrast between ways ■ | |1 1 T1 I | \/ 

of seeing the British landscape V-x V-/ tUl VJ- j 

than those of photographer -t 

Oiarlie Waite and landscape C% /’l 

historian Oliver Rackham. dllvl 

One seeks to pare away the __ - 

inessential details that would o 

otherwise blur a vision of l TV1 I 
what is important, permanent, - 
and good The other tries to 
build up, piece by piece, like a 
jigsaw or mosaic, a pointillist's 
view of what the landscape 
really is. 

Charlie Waite’s pictures 
(with a commentary by Adam 
Ntcolson in Landscape in 
Britain, PavjUon/Michael Jo- 
' seph. £ 9.95 ) , present a . land- 
scape almost untouched , by 
man, something bauntingly , 

- still- and strong. .One, person - ■ Roth StungO 
only is pictured, in the enure ' 

book, and that only teefrect a ... ....... .. - 

startling revelation" of scale, 'to question many long accept- 
v Yet- even without people, he ed beliefs about the 
managestoconveyarsenseofa -.countryside’s history. He has- 
^mutually enriching commu- - delVed deeply m historical 
nion with land . documentation to produra a 

S~>4 . ■ garden. Although not clearly 

f I'YI 1 Yi tV\l apparent at first the book is 
UHU J arranged as a journey round 

^ * Britain sampling, butterfly- 

on/i like, the best to be seen. 

/I I III At times you get the feeling 

that someone is writing sim- 
1 „ ply because he has the knowl- 

I t£1 TYl Q edge, rather than because he 

VJ 111 VlvJLlu wants to communicate some- 
thing to you. tee reader. 

1 ^ ' ’ vS\ 


Adam Nicolson's commen- 
tary questions much that, lies 
at the basis of our usually 
accepted way of seeing the 
countryside. Not for him the 
enriching historical detail the 
nostalgic longing for a past 
Arcadia, the worthy attempt 
to conserve. His essay chal- 
lenges what he sees as the 
limitations of the historical 
view and the either-or dichot- 
omy that limit our way of 
seeing. Somewhat too absolut- 
ist a view, but good for the 
smug conservationist 
Oliver Rackham’s almost 
obsessive interest in what can 
■ be pieced together of the 
history of the British land- 
scape has resulted m a curi- 
ously myopic, rather shapeless 
book (The History of the 
Countryside, Dent. £16.95). 
His quest for a more accurate 

’ picture of past landscapes and 

a better understanding qt 
today's remnants of past agri- 
cultural practices has led nun 

foyles art gallery 



■ an exhibition of 


- jo-6 daily until 23 duly 

i,s - i *£Ss?fSr ,to “ 

new picture, one of carefid, 
continuous cultivation. In- 
deed, he claims that there are 
still parts of Britain today that 
would be readily recognizable 
to a returning Roman. 

Someone with more experi- 
ence than most of living close 
to the land was Walter Mur- 
ray. His book, Copsford, de- 
scribes a year he spent living 
in an abandoned cottage deep 
in the countryside, making s 
living bv gathering wild herbs 
{Allen & Unwin, £10.95). It is 
not the book the dust-jacket 
sells us. the “story of contact , 
in which the author fights 
numbing loneliness and 
hordes of resident rats, strug- 
gling with the elements to 
survive. It is better than 
ihat - almost a requiem for a 
way of life which the author 
realized was vanishing and 

obsolete. ’ A 

Yet, curiously, even as the 
story unfolded and we fol- 
lowed him round the small 
area that became his world, 

I harvesting in their turn cen- 
foxelove. cbvers 

Kenneth Woodbridge's book 
Princely Gardens (Thames & 
Hudson. £30) is a case in 
point. An enormous amount 
of scholarly detail is put before 
us. but what seems to be 
missing is any feeling of the j 
passion that drove him to 
enquire. , . 

An account of the evolution 
of the French -formal style of 
garden -making that reached 
its apogee in Louis XIV’s 
Versailles, the book is a tersely 
written historical narrative 
that lakes us step by step from 
medieval origins^ to the final 
dying waves of influence on 
the classical revival of the late 
Nineteenth and early Twenti- 
eth Centuries. In it the author 
has succeeded in. building up a 
very detailed picture of what 
the garden-makers were trying 
to do at each stage and 
why.Using contemporary il- 
lustrations. he shows what the 
gardens, most of which have 
disappeared, looked like. 

Among this season's reis- 
sues two books stand out. 

Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd 
reviews good companions for those with 
the itch for sight-seeing 

\aliieing foreign parts". While the 
Americans are no longer itching, 
this might be the moment to follow 
the well-worn paths trod by the 
travellers from Chaucer to Cobbett 
and Orwell to Beryl Bainbridgfc 
celebrated in Mr Chamberlin s 
composite portrait. He shows that 
whereas England may haye 
changed, the endemic characteris- 
tics of the English have not I was 
sorry not to see any reference to the 
Eighteenth-Century onlooker John 
Loveday whose diaries and corre- 
spondence published a couple of 
years ago constitute a grossly 
underrated source. 

Another distinguished observer 
of his native land not to find a 
place in Mr Chamberlin’s illustrat- 
ed island story is Sir Sacheyerell 
Sitwell, that grand old campaigner 
against the Philistines. 

T his omission has been 
handsomely rectified in 
Sacheverell Sitwell's En- 
gland (Orbis. £15). a com- 
pilation of the poet's acute 
architectural descriptions, edited 
by Michael Raeburn, with photo- 
graphs by the lamented Edwin 
Smith. The material is organized in 
the form of a journey beginning 
and ending upon Scarborough 
sands where the young Sachie. 
“scrambling upon the rocks. first 
began to think, and hear, and see”. 

Sir Sacheverell confides in his 
preface that he can “lie awake, and . 
perhaps get to sleep" in 1 

thinking of English ca- V 
thedrals. There is surely 

the stuff of dreams in ^ 

Visionary Spires, edited 
by Sarah Crewe TV*!'' 

multifarious designs shown were, 
alas, never executed. My favourite 
remains Sir Edwin Lutyens's mag- 
nificent scheme for Liverpool Ca- 
thedral. which had a dome 130 feet 
taller than that of St Paul's. 

This month the royal family is 
forsaking St Paul's and resuming 
what one might call the Abbey 
habit: we are faced with the usual 
spate of royal rubbish on the 
stocks. In a’ different class and 
category altogether is Elizabeth's 
Britain, by Philip Ziegler 
(Sewncs/Countrc Life Books. 
£14.95). Taking a breather after 
Mountbauen. Mr Ziegler com- 
memorates the Queen's 60th birth- 
da v. in a deceptively authoritative 
and affectionately ironic illustrated 
volume. Her Majesty, on the 
whole, remains a reassuring pres- 
ence in the background, while Mr 
Ziegler deftly stitches together a 
superior scrapbook of social histo- 
ry during her lifetime - from the 
General Strike to Live Aid. 

Roddv Manine. editor of the 
Scottish Field (not. of course, to be 
confbsed with that most engaging 
of all magazines. The Field itself) 

• has chippra in with Royal Tradi- 
tion (Mainstream. £9.95). This is a 
tribute to the Queen from a 
Scottish viewpoint showing how 

• her family embraced, eventually. 

howe'er, concerned so much 
with what Sassenachs think of as 
“castles” — or indeed “Scotch-Ba- 
ronial piles” — as with the Scottish 
equivalent of English manor 
houses. In a concise survey, he 
traces how the architectural styles 
of these lairds' homes developed 
under French, and even English, 
influences. At the end. he argues 
trenchantly for “more of the hu- 
man qualities" to be retained, 
when these buildings regrettably 
end up as museums. Happily, a not 
insignificant proportion of the 
joyfully lesser-known places in this 
most useful study are still cared for 
bv their original owners. 

’Saving the best till last, my pick 
of the recent crop of “Heritage" 
books is The English House 1860- 
1914: The Flowering of English 
Domestic Architecture, by the esti- 
mable Gavin Stamp, with excellent 
photographs by Andre 
Goulancourt (Faber. £25). This 
masterly survey of buildings still 
shamefully sneered at in many 
quarters was inspired by Hermann 
Muihesius's study of late Victorian 
British domestic architecture. Das 
EngHsche Haus. first published in 
Berlin in 1904-5. and finally trans- 
lated into English in 1979. 

M essrs Stamp and 
Goulancourt portray 
some 80 places, begin- 
ning with Blaise Ham- 
let bv John Nash, one of the 
precursors and pioneers of the early 
Nineteenth Century. Then come 
the late Victorian country 
houses - or houses in the coun- 
try — from Norman Shaw to the 
turn of the century extremes and 
eccentricities of the Arts and Crafts 
movement More classical or neo- 
Georgian houses of the period are 
also included, as well as a few town 
houses, suburban houses, and gar- 
den suburbs. Each architect in Mr 
Stamp’s pantheon - Ashbee. 
Blomfield. Blow. Bodley. Dauber, 
Lorimer. Lutyens, and an the 
rest - is represented by at least one 
characteristic house. 

With his irresistible mixture of 
wit vigour, and consonant scholar- 
ship. Mr Stamp stylishly shows 

' the Caledonian connexion. 1 found -that great craftsmanship did not 
i the author's admission in his .disappear with the Industrial Rev- 

wrote, “both Ladies, much more by baran r ,A[f ”z 
Gentlemen, would spend some of * fHa/mwnft an 

their tyme in Journeys to visit thetr absorbing collection of 
native land it would form such ' drawings for cathedrals 
an Idea of England, add much to its and great c^ircheS; 
Glory and Esteem in our minds These are indeed catne- 
and cure the evil itch of over- drals in the air. forthe 

bibliography to “the urgency with 
i which the book has been 

m/JK endearing. Balmoral and 
ilfff ^ the Queen Mother's Cas- 

'/iy / tie ofMey are among the 

m //h,^ 1 20 or so places featured 

f/jM/ in Scottish Baronial 
\Kijfy Houses by Hubert Fen- 
BiSW wick (Robert Hale. 
maMSgf £12.95). Here the esii- 
mable chronicler of 
fw Scottish seats is noL 

olution. He argues engagingly 
that. “Romantic tradition which 
was in opposition to industrial 
society is far from dead: indeed it 
thrives.” While the cost of labour 
and materials usually make the 
attainment of the quality of a house 
of 1900 an impossible dream, that 
former high quality should, in Mr 
Stamps view, be both a reproach 
and a goal. The lessons are certain- 
ly there to be learned in this eye- 
opening study. 

• Another Part of the City, by 
Ed McBain (Hamish Hamil- 
ton. £9.95). 

McBain's successful move 
from his fictional 87th pre- 
cinct to New York’s real Fifth, 
which includes Chinatown 
and Little Italy, is more than 
geographical The stylized 
squadroom formula is aban- 
doned for a more straightfor- 
ward approach, with an 
interesting, complex hero in 
. Detective Reardon, and a plot 
that takes in a Sotheby auc- 
tion. multi-million dollar fi- 

Homicide as normal in NY 

. , .. f UVI I- — 

possessing just that ^ quality oi nanc ial manipulation, and 
passionate enthusiasm ana Middle-East politics as well as 

the desire to share it that Hind 
so important These are Down 
the Garden Path by Beverley 
Nichols (Antique Collectors' 
Club. £7.95) and . Colette: 
Flowers and Fruit (edited by 
Robert Phelps, Seeker & War- 
burg. £9.95). Beverley Nichols 
struck me as a somewhat 
tiresome gent, rather too 
pleased with himself. Howev- 
er. I would forgive him that - 
and a lot else — for his curi- 
ously direct rambling prose, 
and for his ability to look with 
a fresh eye. Anyone who can 
dream up and make a glacier 
of blue-flowered chionodoxas 

the customary homicides. 

• The Unorthodox Murder of 
Rabbi Moss, by Joseph 
Telushkia (Collins. £8- 95). 
Author, sleuth, and victim are 
all rabbis, but the action is 


Marcel Berlins 

traditionally secular, and reli- 
gion doesn't spoil the fun. 
Moss, feminist lesbian, and 
jogger, is run over after bitchy 
chat-show, leaving plethora of 
suspects and motives to be 
unravelled by love-struck me- 
dia-rabbi Daniel Winter. 

• Late Payments, by Michael 
Z. Lewis (Macmillan, £8.50). 
The computer says that a 
madman is systematically 
bumping off the disabled mid 
elderly of Indiana. The splen- 
didly human Lieutenant Le- 

roy Powder of the 
Indianapolis missing persons 
department (his own son is in 
trouble with the police) and 
his sexy crippled Female ser- 
geant meddle entertainingly. 

• Saratoga Headhunter, by 
Stephen Dobyns (Allison & 
Busby. £8.95). 

Sharp practices in American 
horse-racing town, starting 
with the beheading of a 
crooked jockey. Endearingly 
slobby sleuth Charlie 
Bradshaw investigates to save 
his own threatened skin. 
Touches of Runyon in both 
humour and characters, well- 
plotted. and a terrific feel for 
the seamier side of the sport. 

• Go Gently Gaijin. by James 
Melville (Seeker & Warburg, 

Violent Middle-East politics 
intrudes into the Japanese way 
of crime. The Kobe police 
peer scrutably into the city’s 
foreign communities for guid- 
ance. providing a superior 
blend of action and Japanese 

• A Healthy Way to Die, by 
Michael Kenyon (Hodder & 
Stoughton. £8.95). 

Frenetic homicidal antics in 
top people’s health-farm, with 
flamboyantly-clothed black 
ex-Harrovian constable, Jason 
T witty, making first appear- 
ance. Good fun, though both 

plot and Twitty could have 
done with the occasional 

• Follow the Sharks, by Wil- 
liam G. Tapply ( Collins . 

Kidnap of 10-year-old boy 
revives long-ago baseball mys- 
tery. Old family friend. Attor- 
ney Brady Coyne’s search 
leads him into a past teeming 
with unsettled scores and a 
present of violence and death. 
Up to Tapply’s high standard, 
but may be too full of baseball 
lore for the British reader. 

McGown (Macmillan. £8.50). 
Murder of philandering MP 
investigated by dislikeable ex- 
cop. revealing passions old 
and new in small seaside 

Amnesia or waking dream? 

Wl 2 y ^ w f °t X found myself tumbling down his Alpine 
and yarrow. I founfl mysei garden is a man whose 

dreamsi want tosbare. 

certain smumess ana seu_ The ^j^on from the gar- 

sausfacuon with what he nm den ^ngs of Colette isa 

■©j* t0 -SSL®? much better book. Here is 

otherwis&attracuve taie. writing, the best of 

Today anything to do win bunch whether 

herbs is Surfta capturing the recollection of 

given our ^ made by ins flowers 

the virtue of all things “a 11 "?*, __ nnm nr teUine of the 

Trapped in the wreckage of his 
car. the drunken man screams 
with pain and prays to the 
God he has never believed in: 
lei no one else have been hurt 
and. please, no fire. There is 
liquid. Petrol? Blood? Man 
and car have broken up 
together (you have to become 
one with the machine). Body 
is bad. What about mind? It’s 

beautifuTwrilingrthe test of 3 desperate 
“e entire bund.. Whether consciousness an d 1 defen dre- 
capturing the recollection of alitji. JK 

th? sound made by iris flowers cowcai 

fhevrtueof^thing natural SJor tSg of Si under a bombardment of psy- 

EngUsh Herb Garden* by of cholic puns and tofflmg visual 

Guy Cooper and Gordon Tay- .uf^lw^Lnas rose, her use of associations. Only connect. 

Sn e 2STS£^d- But with wha.7 is, h,s What 





lor {neiatnjtiu , * * . language, so complex, aisci- 

£10.95) A plined, and sensuously rich, 

another book about he a ^ reader a crom- 

well designed book witn gooa, plementary blossoming of as- 

scene-serting photographs. £*^0^ she more than all 

illustrates what a anety ^ ^ others awoke my delighted 
solutions have been to . rpcnnnse. 

‘theproblem of making a herb response^ 

0* «• 


timber-frame® ; 



R . J. BROWN « 

A complete and fasrinatmg . 
study complemented PJ < 
Sr's delightful pen and ink 3 

Aman, a woman and a mate child - their lives 
seem bound by fate, their roots in Maon 

John Nicholson 

By Iain Banks 
Macmillan. £9.95 

they mean by your whole life By Fay Weldon 

flashing in front of you? Why Hodder d Stoughton. £8.95 
resist oblivion when there's so ' INTERNAL AFFAIRS 
much pain, and you can't even By JillTweedie 

remember your own name? Heinemann. £9.95 

Dunno. Give in. Cut to JOINING THE 

*" 8 ^man (perhaps rtf man) is 

but the doctor is visibly bored ^s^SSmSSS^SSSSSSmSm 
by the products of his noelur- . 

nal imagination. So the man The bridge is not after ail 
begins to invent more interest- endless, though what lies be- 
ing dreams. The quack is still yond it is very much a case of 
‘unimpressed. However, the the fire after the frying-pan/ 
man's existence is pleasant The Wasp Factory and 
enough. He is living in one of Walking on Glass led cnucs 10 
his dreams, on a multilevel dub lam Banks the most 
bridge, of indefinite perhaps imaginative British novelist of 
infinite length, with all crea- his generation. In The Bridge 
ture comforts provided, so he allows us to test this 
long as he does not buck the suggestion m the most direct 
Kafka esq ue system- fashion. Marlin Amis and 

The man does so — and 1 ' Maggie Gee. two of the writers 
swiftlv discovers there is a life best-qualified to dispute it. 



M I 



20 9ilh*- 

u » 


Court Wg-jS 


wdghael j 

n the WOODSMEN - 
climax of: savage intend) £g w j 


r e 1 r 1 1 

mi mu 




* • 

nil Hill lissgL 

The bridge is not after all 
endless, though what lies be- 
yond it is very much a case of 
the fire after the frying-pan.' 

The Wasp Factory and 
Walking on Glass led critics 10 
dub lam Banks the most 
imaginative British novelist of 
his generation. \a The Bridge 
he allows us to test this 
suggestion in the most direct 
fashion. Marlin Amis and 

Winner 19B5 Booker 
McConnell Prize 

Now in paperback from all booksellers 


on the bridge very different 
from that enjoyed by Dr 
Joyce's star patients. Life on 
Level U7 may be seven levels 
beneath the train-deck, but it’s 
close enough to be able to tell a 
local train from an express by 
their vibrations. Overnight, 
silk shirts give way to overalls. . 
In place of the warm welcome 
he has always received at the 
bridge's fashionable nightspot, 
there’s a casual but vicious 
beating-up from the doorman. 
The man makes a break for it. 

have already tackled the 
theme of amnesia, with con- 
siderable success. The superi- 
ority of Mr Banks’s new book 
to either of their efforts is as 
complete as Becker's triumph 
over Lendl. Like the young 
German, he has extraordinary 
technical control and revels in 
his ability to improvise. His 
masterv of the surreal is so 
complete - three separate 
fantasy themes weave their 
way through The Bridge— 
ihai ihe reader feels resentful 

when reality intrudes, which it 
does with increasing frequen- 
cy as the man in the hospital 
bed. who is being observed by 
the man in the dream-world, 
struggles from his coma. 

The Bridge represents - sig- 
nificant progress in the flower- 
ing of an exceptional talent. It 
is also a totally absorbing read. 
If it does not win at least one 
major literary prize. 1 shall ask 
for a transfer to children’s 
books. . . , .... 

There is a distinctly child- 
like quality to Fay Weldon's 
writing. How she loves to 
shock the grown-ups with her 
black humour and debunking 
of adult institutions! Here it’s 
the military who feel the sharp 
edge of her tongue. Gosh, 
aren't these MOD types dull! 
SNAP! Golly, wouldn't it be 
wizard to lock a platoon of 
them up in a country-house 
with a gang of uppity blacks! 
CRACKLE Goodness, how 
droll it would be if the whole 
lot went up in the most 
almighty explosion 1 . POP! 
Miss Weldon’s admirers will 
have no difficulty in imagin- 
ing the resL But then predict- 
ability is an enormous plus in 
popular publishing. How else 
can the spectacular success of 
Mr Tom Sharpe be explained? 

There is a depressing pre- 
dictability about Jnl 
Tweedie's second novel. Inter- 
nal Affairs, which describes 
the adventures of a Kentish, 
Town feminist who tries to 
turn South-East .Asia on to the 
beauties of birth-control. Ad- 
mirable writer though she is. 
Miss Tweedie is no novelist 
Perhaps it is kindest to draw a 
veil over her attempts to 
become qne. No such reti- 
cence is called for to describe 
Christine Park's debut Join- 
ing the Grown-Ups. Miss Park 
is a born story-teller, whose 
description of literary Lon- 
don. seen through the eyes of a 
perceptive young Canadian, is 
the stuff ofwhich the best sort 
ofhesi-xener is made. 


TheTimes Hi^etEoiKalion 

Academic Year 
Diary 1986/7 

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TheTimes Highw Education 


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** 5 " 




Do I detect that the great minds of 
Mrs Thatcher and Comrade 
Gorbachov are beginning to think 
alike on the vexed question ofStar 
Wars? A PHSpy at the Royal 
Institute of International Affairs 
this week was listening closely to 
Colonel General Nikolai Chervov, 
a senior Soviet arms control 
specialist, when he faced questions 
from the floor after delivering a 
hawkish paper on Soviet-US rela- 
tions. Until early this year, Mos- 
cow had insisted that the Strategic 
Defence Initiative was such a 
departure from traditional defence 
programmes that it should be 
banned before the research stage. 
More recent Soviet statements 
have placed less stress on Star 
Wars. Chervov's replies made it 
clear that the Soviet Unions, 
official negotiating position now is 
that the US can proceed with 
theoretical research so long as it. 
does not go beyond the laboratory 
stage. This is’ getting perilously 
close to the position held by the 
British Government 

Seconds in 

An Oxford second for young 
Simon Stevens, even though he is 
still a year from his finals. At the 
age of 19. he has become the 
second youngest president in the 
1 63-year history of the 1 Oxford 
Union Society. His election was 
unopposed, which also makes him 
only the second such incumbent 
for 20 years. Moreover, he comes 
from a state school. St 
Bartholemew’s in Newbury, 
which prompts me to think that 
whatever substance there may be 
in Kenneth Baker's pessimism for 
the future of sport in the state 
sector, there is still some hope for 

Bad to verse 

Even our slickest politicians can 
be taken by surprise. Speaking at a 
Tory by-election meeting at New- 
castle-under-Lyme this week, the^ 
Education Secretary (and closet* 
poetry anthologist). Ken Baker, 
was harangued by a bejeaned 
mature student at the back of the 
Guild Hall. As Baker made to 
leave, the heckler approached. 
Bracing himself for another earful 
Baker was surprised to have a 
copy of his anthology. / Have No 
Gun Bui 1 Can Spit. thrust at 
him — with a request for his 
autograph. He obliged. 

• After his filly St Wendred fin- 
ished last in her debut, the Rev 
Cedric Cation is hoping for better 
at Catterick today. The jockey 
sounds the man for the job: 
G Sexton. 


Runners entering the first road 
race through the City’s Square 
Mile on July 17 would be well 
advised to check their tax returns 
before the start. Lurking among 
the 2.000-odd runners will be a 
team from the Inland Revenue, a 
body which I can only describe as 
an H M Collecioraie. The man to 
watch is Bemie Ford, who once 
represented Britain in the Olym- 
pics. I expect a particularly early 
return from him. 

Mein word! 

There is nothing worse than being 
stuck in a foreign country and not 
being able to communicate. So it is 
with interest that I note that the 
Northern Examining Association 
includes Scheisse in a list of words 
their O-level students are required 
to know. The board tells me it is 
all in the name of progress. 

designed to give students a 
contemporary Teel for the Ian- 

contemporary feel for the lan- 
guage. It also points out that 
Scheisse in German does not have 
the same impact as its English 
translation. Besides, such as- 
sertive language is nothing new to 
Northern Association students, 
for whom Mein Goti is already de 
rigucur in the vocabulary. Sen- 
sitive candidates will be pleased to 
learn that they have only to 
comprehend the word Scheisse. 
not translate iL 


‘Do you mind keeping quiet? 1 want to 
bear the views of the man in the street' 

Shelling out 

The Foreign Affairs boat to be 
coxed by the junior minister. 
Lynda Chalker. in next Wed- 
nesday's parliamentary regatta, is 
so far lengths ahead in the race for 
sponsorship. The crew, captained 
by Peter Temple-Mom's, has per- 
suaded several London embassies 
to fork out in aid of the restoration 
of St Margaret's. Westminster, the 
Commons church. Odd to see, 
though, which countries have dug 
deepest to make up the £1500 
raised Oman, for instance, has 
given what is described as an 
-extraordinarily” large sum. Su- 
dan has also given generously. But 
the Soviet Union and America? 
Not a rouble, not a cent. PHS 

Exploding the fiction of unity 

Some Alliance activists are 
wringing their hands at the dispute 
sparked by David Owen's insis- 
tence that party policy should 
specifically state that Britain re- 
main a nuclear power after' the 
Polaris system wears out. 

Owen's forthright and public 
stance has challenged the 
Alliance's line that it represents a 
"unique" political arrangement in 
which two parties co-operate so 
closely in every respect that they 
are virtually indistinguishable. 

Of course, to suggest to the 
outside world that Liberals and 
Social Democrats agree on every 
aspect of policy was always dis- 
honesL The very nature of politics 
is that political parlies are always 
discussing policies, refining po- 
sitions. and occasionally substan- 
tially changing their attitudes. 

Two parties cannot sustain the 
fiction that they agree on every 
issue all the lime. There will be 
periods when both parties genu- 
inely and sincerely differ over 
policy positions. 

It would be more honest to 
portray the Alliance as an electoral 
pact in which two parties agree a 
common manifesto and support 
each others' candidates because of 
the difficulties each faces in 
getting candidates elected under 
the British voting system. Between 
elections parties must develop 
their policies, otherwise they die, 
and it has been the refining of the 

Roge r Fox on the dispute in the Alliance 
over what its nuclear message shoold be 

SDFs defence policy which has 
caused the present dispute. 

Thus the activists appear to be 
naive about political realities, and 
foil to appreciate the necessary 
purpose of policy development 
which political parlies must pur- 
sue. On the Continent where 
coalition government is more 
common, there is continuous 
discussion between the parties. In 
Britain, this is now a permanent 
feature of local councils where no 
single party holds control. 

This process has some public 
benefits because it forces a wider 
debate about problems and pos- 
sible solutions. Final decisions are 
more likely to have majority 

The Alliance s present line of 
aiwavs seeking to minimize dif- 
ferences has its roots in the period 
when the SDP was formed. There 
was the need to get Roy Jenkins 
and Shiriev Williams back into the 
House of Commons; and because . 
there was broad agreement be- 
tween the parties on most issues, 
the Liberals agreed to stand down 
at Warrington. Crosby, and 

From these small but successful 
beginnings the Alliance was bom 
and has grown. It is only now. 

when there is a serious disagree- 
ment on a policy issue that cannot 
be fudged, that the lack -of clear 
thinking at the very start becomes 
exposed. Minimizing differences 
through compromise fails when 
the public sees that the Alliance is 
divided and the difference, how- 
ever small, is magnified in the 
public's mind. 

Since 1982 the Alliance has 
benefited both parties hand- 
somely. at national and local leveL 
In elections, the Liberals have 
outscored the SDP two to one, and 
this will not change at the next 
general election, as the Liberals 
will be contesting more of the 
winnable seats. 

It is with this in mind that 
Owen’s insistence on the replace- 
ment of Polaris can be appre- 
1 dated. The Liberal Party has a 
fairly large unilateralist element in 
its ranks and theV have to be kept 
happy. The Liberal leadership 
docs this by saying no to Trident 
or any replacement of Polaris. A 
change of policy towards the SDP 
will be bound to lead to disaffec- 
tion in the ranks, it is difficult to 
see how Owen can call on voters to 
support the changes. 

Thai is only part of the problem. 
As a consequence of the Cher- 
nobyl accidenL political attention 

Bruce Anderson on the white fears that fuel South Africa’s conflict 

Over the past 150 years, there 
have been three empires in South 
Africa — the Zulu, the British, 
and. since 1 948, the Afrikaner. But 
the Afrikaner empire is now 
passing into history, and South 
Africa’s recent troubles result 
from the attempts to create the 
political structures which will 
replace iL 

These attempts are being made 
with Lhe consdous support of the 
majority of the white community. 
On my recent visit with Denis 
Healey. I found that even since 
this time last year the white mood 
had changed. The increasing vi- 
olence has led to a heightening of 
tension. But despite the efforts of 
the far-right and the extremist 
Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging, 
there is still no sign of the much- 
dreaded backlash. Most whites are 
more committed than ever to the 
reform process. 

, Over the past few years most 
whites have come to believe that 
they are no longer entitled to 
govern the country on their own. 
They are felly aware of the need to - 
meet black political aspirations. 
They want power-sharing. ' 

Indeed, the average South Af- 
rican thinks he knows what 
power-sharing means. If he were 
told that in 10 years South Africa 
would be a federation, tike Austra- 
lia or the United States, with a Bill 
of Rights and a supreme court to 
guard iL and a free-enterprise : 
system - but with a black presi- 
dent and a black majority in the 
federal cabinet — he would find 
that acceptable. But the average 
white South African vastly under- 
estimates the difficulties of getting 
from here to there. 

Power-sharing is easier to use as 
a slogan than define as a concept, 
for at its heart is a paradox. 
Ultimately, the security of any . 
nation, external and internal, de- 
pends on its armed forces. For 
them to be deployed effectively, 
one single source must give orders, 
while everyone else obeys. At that 
level, power cannot be shared — 
only orders can. 

In long-established stable states, 
able to draw on tradition and 
consensus, these harsh facts can 
generally be concealed. Authority 
rarely faces fundamental chal- 
lenges. and has learned to conduct 
itself with restraint But none of 
that applies in Africa. 

Over the past generation, power 
in South Africa has been progres- 
sively centralized. Local govern- 
ment and regional structures have 
been abolished or created at will 
by central authority. Indeed, un- 
der the new constitution, power 
has even passed from parliament 
to the state president and his 

Although the South African 
judiciary has retained its indepen- 
dence,' and has on occasion stood 
up to lhe govemmenL it is 
constrained by the absence of a 
Bill of Rights. So there is no native 
tradition of separation of powers 
for South African theorists of 
power-sharing to draw on — while 

Who inherits 
the empire 
of mistrust? 

the blacks who want to gain power 
naturally think in terms of exercis- 
ing it in the way the white man 
has. To them, the whites' desire 
for power-sharing is an expression 
of their distrust of lhe blacks. 

Which of course it is. The 
whites fear that one man, one vote 
ip a unitary state, without safe- 
guards. would lead to exactly the 
same outcome as in the rest of 
Africa - a one-party state, the 
squandering of the country’s cap- 
ital stock, the destruction of their 
way of life and their hopes for 
their children’s future. They also 
believe that such developments 
would be profoundly contrary to 
the interests of most'blacks. 

It is hardly surprising that 
blacks find these fears deeply 
insulting. As they see it they have 
been deprived not only of political 
rights in their own country, but of 
human dignity. They do not seek 
revenge, however, ’only justice. 
They do not wish to deny the 

whiles a vote, they merely wish to 
vote with whites, on equal terms 
and in the same ballot-boxes. 

There is no doubting the sincer- 
ity of the wish of many black 
leaders fora colour-blind future in 
which all races would indeed share 
power by the simple act of voting 
together. However, given the his- 
tory of modem Africa, it is hardly 
surprising that the whites are 
unimpressed, and see sincerity as 
naivety. Beyond a certain poim. 
they will not yield. 

That is why the two sides are in 
conflicL Given the strength of the 
forces at work, that conflict will 
not easily be resolved. Foreign 
politicians who fail to acknowl- 
edge this will inevitably land 
themselves with totally unrealistic 
time-scales fora possible solution. 

One necessary precondition for 
a solution does exisL The whites 
are now aware of the blacks’ 
strength, and the need to come to 
terms with that. However, strange 

as it may seem in view of South 
Africa's history, a major problem 
now is that many blacks, and 
especially the township radicals, 
underestimate the whites' poten- 
tial for prolonged resistance. 

Over the past few months, it has 
become much more dangerous for 
white journalists and observers to 
move around in black townships. 
In many areas, the situation is out 
of control. A year ago. it was 
possible to negotiate safe passage 
via the offices of the local United 
Democratic From. Today, the 
situation is much more anarchic, 
and the borderlines between poli- 
tics and gangsterism has become 
increasingly blurred. 

But the feci that many town- 
ships are now out of control has 
. one very significant consequence. 
All this near-revolutionary fer- 
vour has intoxicated many young 
blacks. They now know that a 
white man is just a man. and not 
an invincible 20-foot-tall demi- 
god. They have effectively freed 
their own areas, so what is to stop 
them from pressing on to free the 
country? "We are many, they are 
few," the sentiment runs. 

The answer, of course, is that a 
great deal would stop them. The 
liberated black townships com- 
prise considerably less than one 
per cent of the country's surface 
area. To attempt to export revolu- 
tion from them to the rest of South 
Africa would lead to the instant 
crushing of the revolutionaries- 

White South Africa has not yet 
eten begun to exert its military 
might In its own region, it is 
relatively more powerful than 
Israel is in the Middle East For a 
revolution to be possible, one of 
two preconditions would have to 
be met — a massive loss of nerve j 
by the whites, or the creation of a 
black counter-force. Neither is 
remotely possible. 

Nor is it likely, as many young 
blacks believe, that a hero on a 
charger will arrive from the West 
to liberate them. However, unlike 
Western politicians, they can be 
excused for over-estimating the 
military utility of hot air. 

Urban terrorism in white South 
Africa is likely to increase, at least 
in the short term — but so will the 
security forces* capacity to deal 
with iL 

So all indications are that South 
Africa faces several more years of 
conflicL It would be exceptionally 

foolish to try to predict now what 
will happen after that Given 

will happen after that Given 
South Africa's history, it is hard to 
be optimistic. But on the other 
hand, conflict at present levels will 
not destroy the country, nor will it 
necessarily make it impossible to 
reach a political accommodation. 

The whites now understand the 
need to take account of black 
power. It may be that in order for 
there to be a political settlement n 
South Africa, the blacks in turn 
will have to come to recognize the 
strength of the whites’ position. 

' For the whiles will not allow the 
African National Congress to 
create a fourth empire 

No escape for a desperate Congress 


The passage of the Gramm-Rud- 
man balanced budget law through 
the United Slates Congress was a 
desperate act by desperate men 
and women. This is the context in 
which this week’s Supreme Court 
ruling, striking down the heart of 
the law. must be viewed. 

A deeply-polarized Congress, 
unable to take the hard decisions 
necessary to reduce the soaring 
$200 billion deficit which sapped 
the life of the US economy, 
produced a budget-cutting 
“gimmick" designed to make the 
political process less painful. It 
was an unprecedented act: an 
admission by both houses of the 
Congress that the' US budget 
process had broken down. 

This “gimmick' or automatic 
trigger provision in the law re- 
quired mandatory across-the- 
board cuts whenever federal 
spending rose above certain speci- 
fied levels. The Supreme Court 
struck this down, declaring it 


By a 7-2 decision, the High 
Court reaffirmed the cherished 
principles of the constitution that 
the separation of powers between 
the executive and legislative 
branches of government cannot be 
breached, no matter how gruelling 
the task or onerous the problem. 

In the 1970s, in an equally 
momentous decision, the court 
upheld the same principle in a 
crucial ruling against President 
Nixon which led to his decision to 
resign. The justices said that the 
executive had only a limited 
privilege to shield information, in 
this case the Oval Office tapes, 
from the court. 

As conceived by the Founding 
Fathers, the Separation of Powers 
Act was meant to be a system of 
checks and balances over the three 
branches of govemmenL the exec- 
utive. the legislative and the 
judicial. No one branch was meant 
to take precedence over another in 
the event of war or domestic crisis. 

Monday’s ruling by the Su- 
preme Court said what many in 
Congress had feared when the 
historic law was passed last 
December 1 1. The court said, in 
effect. “No more gimmicks, no 
more tricks, no more easy an- 
swers; Congress must do its job. It 
cannot give the responsibility 
away." This was the assessment of 
Oklahoma Congressman Mike Sy- 
rian the chief plaintiff in the 
successful lawsuit to eliminate the 
automatic trigger in the event of a 
budget-cutting stalemate. 

Broadly, the provision rejected 
by the court stated that if Congress 
and the president cdpld not agree 

on spending priorities and taxes 
that would reduce the deficits to 
specified targets, the comptroller- 
general would be authorized to 
take over. He would draw up a 
plan and order across-the-board 
cuts in defence and domestic 
programmes, social security, 
educational aid. poverty pro- 
grammes and the like, which could 
not be appealed againsL But the 
court ruled that the comptroller- 
general. who is subject to the will 
of Congress, could not be given 
this “executive" responsibility. 

The ruling raises a new set of 
difficult questions. Will Congress, 
in a mid-term election year, agree 
on the huge cuts necessary to meet 
the budget targets written into the 
law which would reduce the deficit 
to zero by 1991? 

By most estimates, the cuts 
which may have to be taken, 
under a fail-back provision in the 
legislation, amount to almost 
$40 billion. Cuts of this mag- 
nitude could wipe out whole 
weapon systems already budgeted 
bv the Defence Department and 
result in large lay-offs of federal 
employees in various congres- 
sional districts. 

But the fallback provision under 
which these cuts would be made is 
similar to the old congressional 
budget process which resulted in 

stalemate after stalemate as 
Republicans and Democrats ar- 
gued over defence spending and 
social priorities. 

Will the sponsors of the original 
legislation, those who fought to 
“restore fiscal sanity to Congress", 
be able to amend the law to 
remove the constitutional objec- 
tions? Senator Phil Gramm in- 
tends to make his next move in 
August by attaching an amend- 
ment to the debt ceiling legislation 
that would remove congressional 
authority over the comptroller- 
general and restore the automatic 
"trigger" provision. But many in 
Congress arc opposed to this. 

Finally, what will happen to the 
US economy if the spirit of deficit 
reduction is squashed? Wall 
StrceL which has been in an erratic 
falling pattern in recent days, has 
firmly wanted the administration 
and Congress that a deficit reduc- 
tion remains the economic prior- 

The best guess is that Congress 
will continue to seek deficit reduc- 
tion measures but not nearly ofthe 
magnitude envisioned. The econ- 
omy will continue to struggle 
under deficits in the range of 
S 1 50 billion to $200 billion. 

Bailey Morris 

Ronald Butt 

in Britain has begun to focus on 
nuclear power. A recent opinion 
poll showed that more than 80 per 
cent of Liberal candidates favour 
decomissioning our nuclear power 
stations! It is extremely unlikely 
that the SDP will take such an 
extreme view, so the scene is set 
for another public discussion of 
policy differences. It will be seen 
as a crack in Alliance unity rather 
than as the working out. bv 
independent political parties of 
their policy approach on specific 

It is impossible to say whether 
these differences will be satisfac- 
torily resolved. Some of the 
difficulties arise from differences- 
between Owen's political instincts 
and those of his detractors in the 
Libera] Party. Owen is an Atianti- 
cisi who shares the belief of many 
Americans that it is necessary to 
deter the Soviet Union. His 
opponents, who do not share his 
view of the Soviet arms build-up. 
appear to be nuclear pacifists and 
wish to disengage from all nuclear 
activities. Owen is appalled by the 
growth of anti-Americanism in 
Britain, whereas some Liberals 
appear to welcome iL 

As the arguments develop 
through the summer it will be the 
underlying attitudes that will 
determine the responses of the 

The author is a metnber of the 
Coiuicilfor Social Democracy and 
chairman of Ealing SDP. 

A church divided 

The Anglican Synod is tormented 
by theological differences. With 
characteristic waspishness and 
contempt for lesser Christian 
intellects, the Bishop of Durham 
has accused those who maintain 
the literal truth of two of the 
fundamental Christian creeds 
over 2.000 years of seeming to 
believe in God as a “divine laser 
beam", who is either a “cultic 
idol" and a false picture produced 
by worshippers who have gone 
astray or. if such an irrational' 
miracle-working God exists, "the 
very 1 devil". The church is also 
deeply divided over the ordina- 
tion of women as priests, and still 
feces schism. 

Anger and the fashion of secular 
non-Christian opinion infect both 
arguments. Dr Jenkins is an hon- 
est thinker who tests the ancient 
beliefs by which the church has 
survived against criteria whieh the 
contemporary secular mind ac- 
cepts as reasonable. But he does 
not seek the paths of reconcili- 
ation and understanding. 
Confrontation and intellectual 
triumphalism attract him. He 
argues harshly and his power to 
use words to hurt must be the envy 
of political polemicists. He mines 
the rich vein of contemporary 
rad i car anger. 

Similarly, the drive for woman 
priests comes hot from within the 
Christian tradition, but from -the 
angry, intense, aggressive and 
plaintive feminism in secular 
fashion which holds women to be 
diminished if there is any role 
undertaken by men that they 
cannot play. Deaconess 
McOatchey, - moderator of the 
-women’s ordination movement 
has written to the bishops of 
“growing anger and impatience”, 
declaring that it may be difficult to 
channel feelings away from "il- 
legal action". It smacks less of 
submission to a. calling than of 

Faced with internal- divisions, 
the church seeks to avoid strife. 
The bishops’ report' on Christian 
belief affirms the majority accep- 
tance of the creeds in their ancient 
sense while catering for the li kes of 
Dr Jenkins by permitting the 
possibility of reserving judgemenL 
"We must not be too quick on the 
draw in gunning down heresy." 
said the Archbishop of Canter- 

bury. Likewise, having foiled to 
introduce ordination of women by 

introduce ordination of women by 
stealth through the acceptance of 
those ordained abroarL the -bish- 
ops are again seeking compromise. 

Even so. it is a church divided. 
What a relief then for if to turn to 
politics where the heresy-hunting 
gun can be drawn freely and the 
church has no responsibility for 
action and its consequences. Wbat • 
relief, in particular, to turn to 
South Africa and the cry for... 
sanctions. Here there are no 
doubts, • only overwhelming 
conviction that sanctions are the 
way to avoid bloodshed. Bishop 
Tutu says so, and here is a message 

. borne on the radical wind on 
. which the church can unite. 

So certain is the synod that it 
could not even bring itself to pass 
an amendment to its sanctions 
resolution, which would have de- 
plored the indiscriminate use of 
terror,; whether by the African 
National Congress or Pretoria. '• - 

The ANC. said the Bishop of 
Coventry, "had tried for a long 
time for a peaceful approach and 
only gradually came to violence". 

- Anything the ANC had done was 
"tiny" compared with “the 
tremendous power - of stale 
violence". So presumably the 
"tiny" bombs outside shops are 
not censurable, and as the cause of ; 
the ANC is approved without 
reservations ;as to their methods, . 
they can now feel free lo?tep up ' 
terrorism without inhibitions ' 
from Abroad. In its disregard of ‘ 
consequences, this-refusal to con- . 
demn terrorism surely smacks of ; 
the very deviL 

The synod' refuses to apply to 
South Africa the search for com- ; 
promise it brings to its own affairs. 
Knowledgeable liberal South Af- 
ricans insist that for from ending 
bloodshed, sanctions will make it : 
harder for Pretoria to make con- ■ 
cessions, quite apart from causing; , 
increased black unemployment 
and unrest Sanctions will simply ■! 
signal to the whites that no , 
benefit? but only more, violence ' 
will follow any concessions short < 
of the unconditional surrender to 
the ANC and a one-party unitary ' 
state, which they cannot accept. 

The syriod seems not to have 
noticed that the Botha govern- ! 
meat has virtually dismantled - 
social apartheid, leaving only the 
future political structure to be 
settlement in some way satisfec- - 
tory to all communities. It is naive 
to think that with one strong push 
for sanctions. Pretoria will give- 
way. Dialogue is necessary, but the 
dialogue implicit in the situation .. 
the synod would create is one in 
which one side demands and the 
o&er capitulates or resists. 

As with much else, the church 1 
(perhaps without realizing it) is , 
blown by the prevailing wind from • 
the political left and is destroying 
its capacity for being a force for 
peace by understanding all sides of 
a predicamenL The Bishop of 
Coventry reported Tutu’s state- 
ment that his country was moving 
into more repression, but forgot to 
add that-- before .the- - violence 
escalated it had been moving, 
haltingly, put of repression. 

By the nature of tiling, progress ! 
can Uot be resumed until violence 
stops. Why will the church not tell 
the ANC as much? A great deal of 
radical opinion is. of course, much 
more inierested-in the total and 
abject surrender of the .whites than 
in the avoidance of bloodshed. 
But the business of the church Is 
peace, through reconciliation, and . 
it should have the wisdom to 
know how human beings behave * 
when driven into a corner. - 

John Wardroper 

La drcolazione in 

Now here's some guidance for 
motorists, useful perhaps before 
the holiday season peaks; "Auf 
Cherwegen mil Zebrastreifen sind 
Fussgdnger bevorrechtigt. sobald 
sie den Zebrastreifen bet ret en." 
One cannot help admiring such 
precision and discipline: the 
Fussgdnger have absolute priority 
the moment they put a foot on the 
zebra crossing. 

Do not make the easy assump- 
tion. though, that this is just a 
Germanic thing. Consider this; 
"Lorsqu'on roumeen arivani a un 
croisement. il faul cider la priority 
aux pietons qui onl dejd com- 
mend a traverser . " It is true that 
one does tend to wonder which 
francophone country this is where 
drivers are required, when turning 
at a junction, to give way to 
pedestrians who are already cross- 
ing. Dare I put this excellent rule 
to the test in Paris? (Might be the 
last time I saw Paris.) 

Still these foreigners seem to 
have .the right idea. Here is a 
custom we could do with in 
Britain: "Normalmente non dovete 
parchcggiare a mono di 10 metri~ 
da un incrocio No parking 
within 10 metres of a junction! 
Excellent! But again one furls a 
little uncertainty. Has there been a 
traffic revolution in Italy? The last 
time I was in Rome they were 
parking their, cars not only at 
junctions but actually on the zebra 
crossings (i passaggi a strisce). 

1 believe the Spaniards order 
these things better. At any rate 
they seem sound about drinking 
and driving: "Recuerde que acpii 
hay una cstricta legislation contra 
el abuso del alcohol v que la policiq 
se muestra muy vigilante eh ■ 
hacerla cumpfir." Having seen 
those Spanish policemen. I will 
indeed take care to remember that 
the strict legislation against al- 
cohol abuse is enforced with great 

As for speeding, it does appear 
from this leaflet I'm reading that 
the enforcement of moderate lim- 
its is widespread. "DaHs les villas 
ct les agglomerations, sur les 
routes avee iclairage routier: 30 
miles/h (48 km/h). " "Su altre ' 
strode, a cancggiaia singola : 60 
mietia/h (96 km/h)." " Auf Auto- 
bahnen und Strassen mil getrehn - 
ten Fahrbahnen: 112 km/h (70 
Meilen/h ). ** How many . British 
motorists in their Jaguars. Gt- 
roens. Ferraris, BMWs, or indeed 
their Escorts or Metros, would - 
keep to such shaming limits? . 
Whatever happens on British 

motorways, one can hope for a 
world elsewhere of self-control 
and good order. "Restez a une 
bonne distance du vihicu/e qui 
vous precede, en cas d'imprfvu." 
(Well that's what we would all do 
in a road full of volatile French- 
men.) "Gberholen Sie nur rechis 
und kehren Sie wieder in die linke 
Fahrspur zuruck, sobald dies ohne 
Gefahr mdglich ist. " Discipline 
again, lane discipline: overtake 
only on the right and return to the. 
lefthand lane as soon as it is safe to 
do so. How nice if all . our 
drivers ... 

Hang on, though. Something 
odd here. Germans don't drive on 
the left. This Uberholen advice 
seems the wrong way round. 

Must lake a closer look at this 
leafleL What’s this? "No se olvide 
de leer el Highway Code. " And on 
another page: "Vergessen Sie nicht 
den Highway Code zu lesen . " 

Oh. Ah. I’m so sorry. 

I see now that what I have here 
is a multilingual guide for for- 
eigners to those basic truths that 
all you law-abiding drivers. keep 
constantly in mind: the rules to be 
obeyed on British roads. 

As part of its contribution to , 
European Road Safety Year 
(which incidentally has been 
marked so for in Britain by an 

increased accident toll), the 
Department of Transport has 
produced the guide in five lan- 
gptges (y compris I'ang/ais) just in 
time for the tourists who venture 
over here with cars. It is available 
from, among others, the AA. RAC 
and tourist offices and is full of 
good things— alt the above and 
much, much more. 

A difficulty remains which the 
department perhaps prudently, 
has not touched on. When our 
Continental friends begin touring 
(Conduite a gauche! Links fahren! . 
Guida sul/a sinistra! Conduction 
por la izquierda!), having trust- 
ingly absorbed all these rules, will 
they not become disoriented and 
unnerved as they see the native 
drivers robbing, pedestrians of 
their right of way. parking with an 
almost Italian inventiveness, 
staggering from pubs to their ass, 
breaking every speed limit and 
performing dramatic feats on 

Something must "be. done ' to" 
uphold British honour. Painful it 
may be. but there’s nothing.forit 
but a national lapse into, lawful- 
ness, at. least until the end .of • 
European Road , Safiay Yeari- 
Bonne route!" . 

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Pennington Street , London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


: f - - ; i. -1 

d « isit >« by Nigeria and 
rnmmA 10 "¥£* 2 ? *C 

Commonwealth Games must 
be-regretted, both in Whitehall 
and elsewhere. How many 

other countries will follow 
them k a matter for specula- 
tion. But Kenya has made it 
dear that it will not, and one 
must hope that other govern- 
ment will have the strength of 
mind to follow its example. 
"* e _ are a unique 

symbol of whatthe Common- 
wealth should be - an apoliti- 
caJ gathering of peoples, of 
different colours and creeds, 
from the world's five conti- 
nents. To damage them would 
be to damage the Common- 
wealth itself, and those who 
risk doing so should contem- 
plate the consequences first 

If damage is done, however, 
the responsibility will not lie 
with this country. Ghana’s 
accusation of British “support 
for the racist South African 
regime” — along with threats 
and rhetoric from countries in 
which corruption is generally 
more deeply-rooted than hu- 
man rights — should be ro- 
bustly rejected by Whitehall. It 
is significant that British ath- 
letes would be free to attend 
the Games, whatever their 
Government wished — as hap- 
pened at. the Olympic Games 
in Moscow following the So- 
viet invasion of Afghanistan 
six years ago. 

Britain enjoyed a visible 
trade balance in excess of £1 
billion with the Common- 
wealth last year. But it 
redistributed more than 
£443m in overseas aid — or 65 
per cent of its total bilateral aid 
programme. Economic sanc- 
tions against Britain, which 
have been hinted at, might 

inflict some economic pain. 
But they would be a double- 
edged sword likely to hurt both 

The Empire brought advan- 
tages as well as disadvantages 
to those who lay within its 
grasp. It brought benefits to 
Britain too and obligations — 
which this country has tried to 
discharge honourably. 
Psychologically if not histori- 
cally, however, the Empire was 
a long time ago and a genera- 
tion has grown up here which 
feels no post-imperial guilt and 
sees no pressing need for 

To accuse the West, and by 
clear implication Britain, of 
racism — as President Kaunda 
did last week — is to make a 
charge which deserves to be 
rejected as absurd. Britain is 
stumbling towards the same 
end as the rest of the 
Commonwealth — namely the 
end of apartheid in South 
Africa and the introduction of 
majority rule. We have ma- 
terial as well as moral interests 
in seeking to. secure long-term 
stability in the Cape - and that 
stability can no longer be 
achieved without the above 
goals being realized. 

It is the means to that end on 
which Commonwealth mem- 
ber-states differ. But the Brit- 
ish government’s arguments 
against sanctions, as Mrs 
Thatcher pointed out clearly in 
her television interview, are 
founded on moral and intellec- 
tual grounds of considerable 
force and respectability. Even 
blacks in South Africa are 
deeply divided on the issue of 
economic sanctions. As for 
front-line states, they have 
already made it clear that they 
would expect help from coun- 

tries such as Britain as the 
sanctions began to penalise 
them. That view seriously 
understates the severity of the 
economic penalties that sanc- 
tions would entail for South 
Africa's neighbours. And it 
ignores the likelihood that 
Britain would hardly be in a 
position to help if it lost the 
'benefits of its trade with and 
investments within South Af- 

One should not perhaps 
think of the Commonwealth 
solely in material terms. In a 
world which has a right to be 
concerned about its 
environment, about the chal- 
lenges over how to control 
population as well as arms, 
there is something to be gained 
from mutual help. 

But those countries which 
have talked, however 
obliquely, about sanctions 
against this country or of 
quitting either the Common- 
wealth or its Games, should 
think before they threaten. 
They should also beware of 
over-valuing themselves. 
However distasteful the gov- 
ernment in Pretoria, white 
racism is not the only issue 
which should concern the 49 
states. For them to bring the 
organization to the brink of 
dissolution over what is essen- 
tially a difference in strategy 
on one issue, would be tragic, 
irresponsible and self-defeat- 

That point has not yet been 
reached and one must hope 
that it never will be. But 
Nigeria and Ghana should be 
urged to think again before 
going down a path which 
others might be tempted to 
follow and which all might in 
due course regret 

Home Office ministers have 
for some time had it in mind to 
take action to prevent the 
abuse of the right of defen- 
dants in criminal cases to 
challenge individual members 
of the jury, and have than 
removed without reasons be- 
ing given. Until now, however, 
it has been a question whether 
the system of peremptory chal- 
lenge should be abolished 
outright or whether the num- 
ber of challenges allowed to 
each defendenl should simply 
be reduced. . 

The permitted number of 
challenges was reduced from 
seven to three in 1977 mid 
some legal opinion, including 
that apparently of the law 
officers. has tended to favour 
further cutting the number to 
one. Now, however, the Cabi- 
net has accepted the Home 
Secretary’s proposal for out- 
right abolition, and this is 
surely the right course. It was 
recommended by the Roskill 
committee for fraud trials, and 
the Cabinet has wisely decided 
to apply the reform to all 
criminal cases. 

It is, of course, a reform 
which will be resisted by the 
“civil liberties'* lobby and by 
the Labour Party , but the 
abuse of the present system to 
frustrate a fair verdict has been 
such as- to make abolition 
essential. The decision does 
not hang on any such particu- 


lar case as the Cyprus secrets 
trial (in which the defendants 
were acquited after multiple 
challenges) but on an 
accumulation of evidence that 
peremptory, challenge was 
thwarting rather than assisting 
justice: The scope for abuse is 
particularly evident in cases 
where there are multiple 
defendants; four defendants, 
for instance, can remove 12 
people from the jury in order 
radically to change its com- 
position in a direction 
favourable to the defence. 

The effect can be crucial in 
criminal cases tried in the 
central and Crown courts. It 
has, for instance, been widely 
used in serious obscenity 
cases, and it has had a particu- 
larly serious effect in securing 
acquittals which established 
precedents and thus dimin- 
ished the willingness of the 
authorities to bring sub- 
sequent prosecutions. (In one 
such case there were 42 chal- 
lenges to secure an all-male 

Those who were concerned 
to make this particular law 
ineffective did not disguise 
their technique of using the 
right of peremptory challenge 
until they got the sort of jury 
they wanted More generally in 
criminal cases, the right has 
been used to remove from the. 
jury women (particularly mid- 
dle-aged and middle-class 

women) and older people, and 
to reduce the average age of the 
jury in a way calculated to 
influence the verdict in the 
defendant’s favour. 

It will no doubt be asserted 
by opponents of the reform 
that peremptory challenge is 
useful if, for instance, there is a 
defendant accused of a sex 
offence faced by an all-woman 
or mainly woman jury, or 
where a black defendant is 
before an all-white jury. But 
that is to misunderstand the 
basic principle of the legal 
system which is not that juries 
should be representative but 
that they should be genuinely 
random. Peremptory chal- 
lenge (which the judge is 
obliged to accept) in feci 
distorts genuine randomness 
since it can be used not to 
produce a jury without bias 
but to produce one which 
looks more likely to have a 
particular viewpoint 

The safeguard that matters 
is the right of “challenge for 
cause” of jurors if there is 
reason to think they might 
approach their task with a less 
than a fair mind, and on this 
the judge rules. That crucial 
right will remain. What is 
required of a jury is a fair 
unbiassed verdict based on the 
facts and the law. It should not 
be sympathetic to, or repre- 
sentative of one side or the 


Six years after SouthendKm- 
Sea first contracted its refuse 
collection to a private firm, the 
Environment Secretary has 
grown impatient with the pace 
of privatisation of such basic 
council functions. The Gov- 
ernment has carried out a long 
campaign of peaceful persua- 
sion on this issue. Ministers 
have made speeches urging 
councils to seek tenders; they 
have praised those authorities 
which had compared the 
performance of their work- 
forces with the private sector. 

They have set up an mno- 
vative body, the Audit 
Commission, to conduct rig- 
orous studies of the cost o 
local authority provision ana 
report back to ratepayers and 
councillors alike; and they 
have beensurpnsed, too* 
the Commission s finding that 
local authority costs are not 
uniformly high, that there a 
councils (socialist. Sheffield 

among them) nr jvate 

bins more cheaply than pnva 

firms could. Trv 

Mr Ridley now plans tony 

compulsion instead. He wan 
every council to »uaw 
common pattern . 
organization of e v- 

There is, undoubtedly, t 

idence that certa, ?p if 
could be belie/ performed » 

council work-forces were re- 

organized or the vw k w “ s , 
traded out. * nc . j 
offenders among 
uthoriues are m L° ndon ana 

Liverpool (but not Bir- 
mingham or Leeds). 

One might have expected 
that Mr Ridley’s recent experi- 
ence at the Department of 
Transport would have given 
him more than enough warn- 
ing that central management is 
not necessarily the best way to 
better management. . The 
Driver and Vehicle Licence 
Centre at Swansea — never 
exactly a byword for efficiency 
— was so well run that its 
workforce were in part per- 
suaded to vote for a Militant 
candidate in their union elec- 
tions. _ 

Perhaps the new Environ- 
ment Secretary should have 
pondered longer on the prob- 
lems of central administration 
before he continued the tra- 
dition of heavy-handed cen- 
tralism which has _ so 
unfortunately characterized 
this Government’s thinking 
about local administration. 

The Government's prior- 
ities are wrong. What is 
needed, with some urgency, 
are the kind of fiscal and 
procedural reforms embodied 
in its Green Paper on the 
future of finance and uie 
report of the Widdicombe 
committee. Not all the recom- 
mendations in these doai- 
ments need to be endowed for 
them to appear to be *e way 
forward, for they offer. 1116 
beginnings of a reconstruction 
of local self government. 

Widdicombe offers ways of 

making the administration 
work more effectively and 
more openly. The financial 
Green Paper, despite the diffi- 
culties of substituting a poll for 
a property tax, offers a path to 
financial responsibility with a 
greater share of the marginal 
cost of expenditure visited 
upon local voters. 

On these fronts Mr Ridley 
offers government by 
procrastination.. Like water 
privatization, action is to be 
deferred. Reforms are difficult 
But their difficulty does not 
diminish by being put on the 
shelf for some unknown pe- 
riod until after the next elec- 
tion. That phrase seems to be 
cropping up more and more 
recently. It does not matter 
whether the motive is nervous- 
ness or some expedient wish to 
clear the decks for an “early” 

The Government’s job is to 
govern not to fight elections. 
This is a tradition that has 
been broadly followed in Brit- 
ain and it is one with which the 
Prime Minister is closely asso- 
ciated - much to her credit It 
is only in recent years that 
governments have begun to 
postpone important decisions 
— not weeks, not months, but 
yean before they need to go to 
the couniiy. The present state 
of Westminster politics is un- 
comfortably reminiscent of the 
long pre-election paralysis in 
Washington DC. 

No race bias in 

From the Minister for Employ- 

Sir. I was surprised by the article 
by Digby Anderson in today’s 
Times which analysed a speech of 
mine in which he thought I 
appeared to advocate using 
taxpayers’ money to bribe con- 
tractors to employ labour on 
grounds of race. 

He ignored the fact that I 
emphasised in my speech that I 
was opposed to contract compli- 
ance and quotas for racial or any 
other groups. He spent a deal of 
space in sociological analysis of 
the phrase “black middle class” 
which did not appear in the speech 
at all. 

The pari of my speech dealing 
with construction work was con- 
cerned with value for money for 
the very large sums expended on 
inner-city building and refurbish- 
ment work. In my opinion that 
taxpayers' money is intended to 
alleviate the social problems of the 
inner cities and improve the 
quality of life of the residents. 

It is desirable therefore that it 
should be spent in ways which not 
only improve buildings but also 
give wont experience and training 
to their inhabitants. The people of 
Handswoith and similar districts 
are right to object to the role of 
spectators as their district is 
refurbished by suburban building 

I believe that an agreement can 
be reached with contractors who 
will be very pleased to undertake 
to seek to recruit and train local 
labour for particular inner-city 
contracts. Local labour in 
Handsworth and similar places is 
bound to contain a higher propor- 
tion of black and Asian employees 
than would be the case elsewhere 
but there would be white employ- 
ees from this depressed area. 

I find it ludicrous that Mr 
Anderson should regard this as the 
beginning of a slide towards 
“reverse racist policies** as he 
claims to fear. 

Yours truly. 


Department of Employment, 
Caxton House, 

Tothill Street, SW1. 

July 8. 

S African crisis 

From Dr C. F. Forsyth 
Sir, Mr John Bruce Lockhart (July 
5) asserts that the record of “most 
independent black governments 
in Africa is one of corruption, 
inefficiency and violence” and 
that “not a single democracy has 
survived”. Therefore, he urges 
caution for “is there any reason to 
think that a black South African 
government would be any 

Mr Bruce Lockhart might, how- 
ever, pause to consider that the 
present white South African Gov- 
ernment is already corrupt (wit- 
ness the Muldergate scandal, to 
give but one example), inefficient 
(no one could describe the waste 
occasioned by decades of apart- 
heid in any other terms), and 
violent (of course). Moreover, 
South Africa is not democratic. 
What is it, one wonders, about a 
black South African government 
that Mr Bruce Lockhart fears? 

But there is a deeper flaw with 
his argument The South African 
black population differs in prac- 
tically every respect (wealth, 
education, extent of urbanisation, 
tribal background) from other 
populations in Africa. Moreover. 
South Africa's political problems 
are unique. 

Thus, even if Mr Bruce Lock- 
hart were right about the nature of 
other governments in Africa, there 
is no reason to suppose that a 
I black South African government 
i would share their deficiencies 
I unless it is accepted that black 
[ people are inherently incapable of 
good government. And that surely 
is not Mr Bruce Lockhart’s point? 
i in any event it is as bizarre to 
impute the deficiencies of other 
governments in Africa to black 
i South Africans as it would be to 
impute the deficiencies of Euro- 
pean governments to the British. 
Yours faithfully. 


Robinson College, 


July 5. 

His shroud the snow 

From Dr Charles Warren 
Sir, It is reported (July 1) that an 
American expedition is to go to 
the north side of Mount Everest to 
look for the remains of Mallory. 
But maybe there are still some of 
us, who have been on the northern 
slopes of the mountain since the 
tragedy in 1924, who would prefer 
things to remain as they are. 

And so, to quote from T. W. H. 
Myers' epitaph on a grave at 

Here let us leave him; for his shroud 
the snow. 

For funeral lamps he has the planets 

For a great sign the icy stair shall go 
Between the heights to heaven. 

Yours etc, 


Alpine Club, 

74 South Audley Street, Wl. 

July 6. 

Ebb and flow 

From Dr W. W. Van tier Merwe 
Sir. In today’s Times (July 5) you 
call the Government’s decision 
not to privatize the water authori- 
ties a “U-turn”. Could ft not be 
more accurately described as a 

Yours faithfully. 

W. W. VAN der MERWE, 

3 The Lynchets, 


Btandford. Dorset. 

July 5. 

Killing off our rural delights 

From Mr .4. R. Isserlis 
Sir. “Burford is one of the most 
charming of the Cotswold towns.” 
wrote your Property Correspon- 
dent on July 2. in an article on 
town life in an old Cotswold 
retreat. It certainly is that with its 
centre consisting almost entirely 
of lovely ancient stone listed 
buildings — over 1 20 of them. 

Yet. ironically, only a week 
before that article appeared, the 
Oxfordshire County Council had 
decided in effect that a by-pass 
scheme, desperately needed to 
protect this jewel in the national 
heritage, must be postponed until, 
at earliest, the turn of the century. 
By that time Burfbrd*s almost 
unique charm could well be 
irreparably damaged by the rap- 
idly growing flow of through 
vehicles thundering north and 
south through its high street — 
already amounting at times to 
15.000 a day. 

Almost inevitably, in the alloca- 
tion of their limited local re- 
sources the county council, as 
highway authority, felt bound to 
give priority to road schemes 
urgently needed elsewhere for the 
speeding up of vehicle flows, the 
reduction of accidents, and the 
support of development Traffic 
was evidently felt to be more 
important than tranquillity. 

Does this not illustrate a case, 
for the sake equally ofBurford and 
of other endangered towns whose 
history and beauty are part of the 
national heritage, for the making 
of a special amenity-oriented na- 
tional allocation of road-building 
resources to ensure that long-term 
conservation is not always and 
irretrievably sacrificed to immedi- 
ate expediency? 

Yours faithfully. 


Rose and Crown Cottage, 


Burford, Oxfordshire. 

July 8. 

From Lady Gibberd 
Sir. My late husband's plan for 
Harlow, drawn in 1947 and fairly 
well adhered to since, is now at 
risk from the proposal of a major 
development on the eastern edge 
by the Harlow District Council 
with a private developer. It is 
proposed to site about 1.200 
houses on the highest ground on 
the east side of the town which will 
break and spoil the skyline, eat 
into Harlow’s rural perimeter and 
all but join up with 
Sawbridge worth. 

Because of the Stansted Airport 

Sex education 

From Mrs Mary Whitehouse 
Sir. Rosalind Stott, in her article 
(July 2). “Sex education that faces 
facts”, advocates that homo- 
sexuality and lesbianism are 
treated equally with heterosexual- 
ity in school sex-education les- 

As senior mistress in a large 
mixed school 1 was one of a group 
of senior staff in the West Mid- 
lands involved in pioneering work 
in the field of sex education in the 
early sixties. Our work was based 
upon the recommendations of the 
newly published Newsam Report. 
which called for such education to 
be based on precisely those values 
now embodied in the new Educa- 
tion Bill. This is neither the time 
or place to comment on the 
disastrous years between! 

One quickly learnt, as indeed 
psychologists teach, that children 
develop sexually and emotionally 
at very different rates and that 
physical age. as such, is tittle guide 
to the needs of the individual 
child. It is the child's desire to 
know and not the curriculum, and 
certainly not the political — so- 
ciological — personal orientation 
of the teacher which should be the 

Hampton Court Hines 

From the Director of the University 
Botanic Garden, Cambridge 
Sir, The recent exhibition at 
Hampton Court makes a convinc- 
ing case for clearing and replanting 
all the trees in the semicircular 
lime-walk of the Great Fountain 
garden (letters, June 14, 23. 27) 
but not for the choice of variety. 
Almost all the time avenues 
planted in England between 1660 
and 1750 were of common lime 
(Tilia x vulgaris) and, moreover, 
of one particular form. 

Those trees which survive from 
this period at Hampton Court are 
typical. The tall narrow crown, 
strong vertical growth, gently 
arching branches and prolific 
flowering made it an excellent 

Setting to rights 

From Mrs Wend) 1 Fitch 
Sir. With reference to Miss 
Cauchi’s request (July 3) for 
information on the correct placing 
of the dessert spoon and fork, I 
would like to query whether, in 
fact. Mrs Beeion was right in 
talking of rbe “old cusiom of 
placing a small fork and dessert 
spoon at right angles” to the knife 
and fork setting. 

Florence B. Jack (Cooking for 
Every Household. 1919) writes of 
“the necessary fork or spoon and 
fork being put before each guest” 

Open to view 

From Mr D. H. Tew 
Sir. My late friend Jean Lavault. a 
Frenchman who lived and worked 
in Paris, an enthusiastic Anglo- 
phile and alumnus of Hertford 
College. Oxford, told me that he 
fell he had been accepted as an 
honorary Anglo-Saxon when a 
newsvendor in Vienna, seeing him 
approaching, handed him a copy 
of The Times without a word. 

I am. Sir.your obedient servant. 

3 Sandringham Close. 

Oakham. Leicestershire, 

expansion and the completion of 
the M 1 1/M25 link this is a growth 
area and needs to be carefully 
planned. Otherwise Laughton, Ep- 
ping; Harlow, Sawbndgewonh 
and Bishop's Stortford — all 
recently expanded on their perim- 
eters — will merae into one urban 
sprawl typical ofihe thirties. What 
then would have been the point of 
the careful planning of new towns 
and expanded towns and the 
defence of the green belt over the 
years since 1947? 

The secretary of state must call 
in this proposal and insist that all 
local authorities in the region get 
together with him to decide where 
and hew new development should 
take place. 

1 am yours etc. 


Marsh Lane. 

Harlow. Essex. 

July 8. 

From Mr A. F. Bottom ley 
Sir. The late Sir Nikolaus Pevsner 
described Southwold as “one of 
the happiest and most picturesque 
seaside towns in England”. Alas, 
infandum reportare doiorem , it is 
no longer veiy happy and may not 
for long be picturesque. 

A firm of property developers 
proposes to build 300 luxury 
houses on the banks of the river 
and on the marshes between 
Southwold and Walberswick. 
Apparently to provide for the 
repair of a threatened but non- 
commercial harbour the local 
district council have seemingly 
given this scheme their blessing if 
not active support, though the 
river mouth can never be perma- 
nently potected due to lack of 
scour and the silt driven into it by 
the sea. 

The view of Ely Cathedral has 
been saved. Can I now alert your 
readers, many of whom will know 
and love this unspoilt area of 
Suffolk, to the danger with which 
it is now faced. An action commit- 
tee has been formed at the 
instigation of the Harbour Users 
and the Suffolk Preservation Soci- 
ety but the ways of despoilers are 
such that we shall need all the help 
that we can obtain to preserve this 
section of a designated heritage 
coast and to leave to future 
generations a truly worthwhile 

Yours faithfully. 


Eversley School, 

Southwold. Suffolk. 

June 30. 

determining factor. Children's 
questions on homosexuality and 
lesbianism, as bn every other 
subject, should be answered 
frankly but in a manner and in 
circumstances which specifically 
meet the needs of the particular 
child, it is his/her desire to know 
and not the teacher's will to 
indoctrinate which should be 

One of the dangers of the policy 
advocated by Rosalind Stott is 
that children will come to believe 
that their perfectly normal feelings 
of warmth and affection towards 
children of the same sex and the 
spontaneous physical expression 
of those feelings indicate a 
lesbian/homosexual orientation. 

Such an approach, far from 
being enlightened, can inhibit, 
through fear and anxiety, the 
child's normal progress towards 
experience and understanding of 
the sexual love which plays such a 
key role in human happiness. 
Yours faithfully. 


National Viewers' and Listeners* 


Colchester, Essex. 

July 7. 

The variety pallida, which the 
Department of Environment now 
proposes to substitute, is almost 
unknown in England, so that it is 
difficult to confirm the claim that 
it is less prone than the original 
variety to sprout from the trunk 
and to become infested by aphids. 
Most trees of common lime do 
produo; sprouts, but remarkably 
some of the old trees at Hampton 
Court do not. 

As the purpose of replanting is 
restoration, then surely for both 
aesthetic and historic reasons the 
original variety should be used. 


C. D. PIGOTT, Director. 
University Botanic Garden, 

July 7. 

immediately before the dessert is 
served. Emily Post ( Etiquette \ 
1922) says: “a dessert pjate is 
always put on the table with the 
dessert spoon or fork on it” (That, 
of course, may be a transatlantic 

However, in Keeping House 
With Elisabeth Craig. 1936. the 

author, although acknowledging 
the cusiom of setting dessert 
cutlery at right angles to the rest, 
admits she finds it “spoils the 
symmetry of the Table” and sug- 
gests serving individual desserts 
with the spoon or fork on the 

In Purnell's Cordon Bleu Cook- 
ery Course, published in weekly 
pans in the sixties, Emmy Henna 
wrote: “The dessert spoon and 
fork and fruit knife (if using one) 
can be laid across the top of the 
setting, or at each side, according 
to preference and table space ” 

Personally, I think that the last 
two words dictate the arrange- 

Yours faithfully. 


Coach House. 

Melboum Road, 

Roysion. Hertfordshire. 

July 3. 


JULY 10 1860 

On May 11 1860 Garibaldi landed 
in Sicily with his army of 1,000, 
the first step in a venture which 
led to the unification of Italy 
under Victor Emmanuel II in 
1861. The Times had sent 
Ferdinand Eber to cover the 
campaign, but after reporting the 
battle of Palermo he joined 
Garibaldi’s forces in command of a 
brigade, prompting the paper’s 
manager to write, “Surely you do 
not think that we sent you to 
Sicily to liberate the island . . 

This article was by Antonio 


[From Oar Special Correspondent.) 

Aha, June 29 

You must have a good map of 
Sicily to find out where I am. In 
order to facilitate your search, 1 
must tell you that I am writing to 
you from one of those picturesque 
towns in the interior, nestled on 
the side of the mountain, 46 mites 
from Palermo, close to the high 
road towards Cahanisetta. Cata- 
nia, and Girgenti . . . 

As you know, there are three 
columns which at this momen t are 
on their way through the island — 
one which, proceeding by the 
seashore, tends towards Messina; 
the second, which passes right 
through the heart of the country, 
by Caltanisetta to Catania; and a 
third, which traverses the island in 
a southerly direction from Palermo 
to Girgenti, and then will unite 
with the second. Behind these 
three columns is Garibaldi, orga- 
nizing new divisions aid new 
reserves at Palermo . . . 

With regular routine organizers 
the attempt to work this wonder 
would have been hopeless; not so 
with Garibaldi and his coadjutors, 
who seek unity and organization 
more in the spirit of activity and 
the energy of every one than in the 
dead forms of routine. The differ- 
ence between the two is just that 
between a complicated machine 
which cannot work unless all its 
parts be perfect in the beginning, 
and which gets invariably out of 
order when the process of cleaning 
and oiling can no longer be 
attended to, and a living organism, 
which a «mwll and simple 
beginning, growing and developing 
itself by its own interna! vitality. 

This difference has never, per- 
haps. been better illustrated than 
in the present case. Garibaldi, who 
knows no rest himself, urged the 
speedy departure, his idea being 
that the soldier wants but little if 
he is penetrated by a good spirit; he 
is impatient with those who speak 
of impossibilities . . 

. If one of the routine soldiers 
had seen the column start, he 
would have prognosticated dissolu- 
tion in a few days, and utter 
inability to proceed. Linen blouses, 
trousers in great measure ad 
libitum, shoes indifferent, not to 
say bad,**intendance" inexperi- 
enced, great longing for the flesh- 
pots and other attractions of 
Palermo, a tendency in the volun- 
teers to go backwards and shout 
rather than to proceed forward, 
and ultimately to fight — verily 
these were serious drawbacks, but 
the essential thing was done the 
column started. At Miadmeri the 
column halted for three days to 
supply, as far as possible, what was 
wanted, and then continued its 
road to VilMrate. It would be 
untrue to say that all the volun- 
teers remained, that all was got 
right, or that nothing more was 
wanted; but the column was at 
least twice as well orga n ized when 
it left Misilme ri asst its departure 
three days ago, and every day since 
a considerable improvement has 
taken place. The reminiscences of 
Palermo are becoming weaker; the 
volunteers get a taste for cam- 
paigning in a beautiful country; 
well received everywhere and feast- 
ed, the organization works better 
and better every day, and all are 
beginning to look forward instead 
of backward . . . 

The reception at this place, 
where we arrived last night, sur- 
passed by far that at the proceeding 
station. More than a couple of 
miles in advance we were met by a 
detachment on horseback, with the 
tricolour flag, which was a proof of 
good will, but had the inconve- 
nience of creating considerable 
excitement among our horses. 
Other detachments of people 
nearer to the town came out on 
foot, shouting and cheering. At the 
ascent to the town we were 
received by a band of music at the 
entrance. The municipality and 
clergy were waiting to welcome us. 
Bonfires were lit on all the heights, 
the tows was fflummated. Meat 
and wine were offered in the name 
of the town to the men, and the 
officers were feasted by their 
landlords. No doubt, the joy has 
something to do with the fear of 
the squadre, but there is no. doubt 
that the more we advance the 
greater is the participation in our 

Sale of the century 

From Mrs Jean Bolton 
Sir. It is clear from recent letters 
that our birthday card manufac- 
turers are failing to read the signs 
of our growing longevity. 

A sturdy relative of our family 
wilL Deo volente, celebrate her 
1 J Otb birthday next January, and ! 
know before 1 start that my search 
for a numerically appropriate card 
will be fruitless. 

One shopkeeper, with 
commendable Scots enterprise, 
will offer a “do-it-yourself* ser- 
vice with adhesive numbers, but 
the effect is a trifle home-made. 

Geariy our fibre-filled, jogging, 
joyous citizens will in due course 
need a plethora of three-figure 
cards, and her Majesty will have to 
top up her stock of telegrams. 

Where (barring nuclear disas- 
ters) will it all end? 

Yours faithfully. 



Port Seton. East Lothian. 

. 18 







July 9: The Queen, accompa- 
nied by The Duke of Edinburgh. 
Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother and The Duke of Kent, 
this morning at St James's 
Palace presented a new Stan- 
dard to Her Majesty's Body 
Guard of the Honourable Corps 
of Gentlemen at Arms. 

The Queen was received by 
the Lord Denham (Captain) and 
the Body Guard gave a Royal 

Colonel Richard Crichton 
(Lieutenant). Lieutenant-Colo- 
nel James Eagles (Standard 
Bearer). Major David Jamieson. 
VC (Clerk of the Cheque and 
Adjutant) and Colonel Philip 
Pardoe (Harbinger) were 
present on duty. 

After the Presentation, Her 
Majesty was graciously pleased 
to address the Body Guard and 
the Captain replied. 

The Body Guard marched 
past Her Majesty. 

The Band of the Irish Guards 
was on parade. 

The Ladies and Gentlemen of 
the Households in Waiting were 
in attendance. 

The Archbishop of Canter- 
bury had the honour of being 
invited to luncheon with The 

g ueen and The Duke of 

The Duke of Edinburgh. Cap- 
tain General of the Royal Ma- 
rines. this evening dined with 
the Officers of 42 Commando 
on Queen's Guard at St James's 

His Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the Commanding 
Officer (Lieutenant-Colonel R. 
van der Horst. RML 
Captain Ian Gardiner. RM 
was in attendance. 

The Prince Andrew, 
accompanied by Miss Sarah 
Ferguson, this morning visited 
the Household Cavalry Regi- 
ment at Hyde Park Barracks 
where His Royal Highenss was 
received by the Commanding 
Officer (Lieutenant-Colonel 
Seymour Gilban-Denham, The 
Life Guards). 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 

The Prince Edward. Chair- 
man of The Duke of 
Edinburgh's 30th Anniversary 
Tribute Project, arrived at 
Royal Air Force Northoli this 
morning in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight from the Isle of 

His Royal Highness this eve- 
ning took (he Saiute at a 
performance of the Royal Tour- 
nament at Earls Court. 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips, and Captain Mark 
Phillips today attended a Gar- 
den Party, given by the British 
Residents' Association of 
Switzerland to celebrate the 
40th Anniversary of the Associ- 
ation, at the British 
Ambassador's Residence in 

July 9: Queen Elizabeth The 
Queen Mother this evening 
visited gardens in the City of 
Westminster and the London 
Borough of Brent, under the 
auspices of the London Gardens 
Society and the London 
Children’s Flower Society. 

Lady Angela Oswald and 
Major Sir Ralph Anstruther. Bt 
were in attendance. 
July 9: The Prince of Wales. 
President. The Prince of Wales' 

Advisory Group on Disability, 
hosted a luncheon at Kensing- 
ton Palace for members of the 
medical and nursing profession 
concerned with training in rela- 
tion to the needs of disabled 

His. Royal Highness. Presi- 
dent. The Royal Jubilee Trust, 
thisevening gave a Reception at 
Kensington Palace for members 
of. the Trust's Industry and 
Commerce Liaison 

Commiueeand other repre- 
sentatives bf the business world 
who support the Trust. 

The Princess of Wales today 
attended the St Mary's Save the 
Baby 'Fund Luncheon at the 
Savqy Hotel. WC2. 

Viscountess Campden and 
Lieutenant-Commander Rich- 
ard AylanL RN were in atten- 

July 9: The Duchess of Glouces- 
ter was present this evening at 
the opening night of the Henley 
Festival ofMusic and the Arts. 

Mrs Michael Wigley was in 

July 8: The Duke of Gloucester 

today visited The Royal College 
r at 1 1 St Andrew's 

of Physicians 
Place. London, and was later 
entertained to Luncheon. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland was in attendance. 

In the evening His Royal 
Highness and The Duchess of 
Gloucester were present at the 
Hayward Gallery, South Bank. 
London, for the opening of 
"Dreams of a Summer Night”, 
an Exhibition of Scandinavian 
Paintings, by Her Royal High- 
ness The Crown Princess of 
Norway and were later enter- 
tained to Dinner on board The 


Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland and Mrs Michad Wigley 
were in attendance. 

July 9: The Duchess of Kent 
today visited JCB Excavators 
Limited, Stoke-on-Trent and 
later, as Patron of the National 
Society for Cancer Relief, 
opened the new extensions to 
the Douglas Macmillan Home. 
Blurton. Staffordshire. 

Her Royal Highness, who 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight, was attended by 
Mrs David Napier. 

July 8: The Duke of Kent, 
President of the Automobile 
Association, tins evening at- 
tended the Committee Dinner 
at Claridge's London Wl. 

Sir Richard Buckley was in 

July 9: Princess Alexandra, 
Chancellor, today presided at 
congregations for the confer- 
ment of degrees at the Univer- 
sity of Lancaster. 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Sir Arthur Peterson will 
be held at Si Margaret's, West- 
minster, today at noon. 

Birthdays today 

Mr James Aldridge. 68: Mr 
Arthur Ashe. 43; Mr Tommy 
Carmody. 30; Sir John 
Cockram. 78; Sir Arthur Collins. 
75; Mr Denzil Freeth. 62; Mr 
LG. Greenlees, 73; Lord 
Lambton, 64: Miss Evelyn La ye, 
86; Sir Christopher McMahon. 
59; the Very Rev I.D. Neill, 74; 
Sir Frederick Pedler, 78; Sir 
Leslie Potter, 66: Sir Jack 
Rampton, 66; Mr Don Revie, 
59; Sir Herbert Stewart, 96; Miss 
Josephine Veasey, 56: Miss 
Virginia Wade. 41; Mr lan 
Wallace. 67; Mrs Rosemary 
Wolff. 60. Major-General Sir 
Brian Wyldbore-Smith. 73. 


Mr Telford Georges. Chief Jus- 
tice of the Bahamas, to be a 
mem ter of the Privy Council. 
Mr Michad Green, aged 45. to 
be Controller. Radio. 4, in 
succession to Mr David Hatch, 
who has become Director of 
Programmes. Radio. 

Surgeon Rear-Admiral T.R-W. 
Hampton to be Surgeon Rear- 
Admiral (Operational Medical 
Services) from next January in 
succession to Surgeon Rear- 
Admiral J;B. Drinkwater. 

Mrs Joan Feftimase. aged 62. 
vice-chairman of the council of 
the RSPCA in 1984 and 1985 
and a working farmer in 
Staffordshire, to be chairman of 

the council in succession to Mr 
Anelay Han. who becomes vice- 

Sir Roger Young. Principal of 

George Watson's College, Edin- 

Captain Norman LIoyd-Ed- 
wards to be -Vice Lord-Lieuten- 
ant of South Glamorgan. 

Mr John Gao. the independent 
television producer, to be chair- 

S 1 - “ raa ™»H5i 

man of the council, of Society Council in September in 

succession to Mr Peter Mar- 

Ch el ten ham Ladies' College in 
succession to Sir Colin Crowe, 
who is retiring after 12 years. - 
Sir George Moseley, who retired 
as Permanent Secretary of the 
Department of the Environ- 
ment last year, to be a member 
of the Historic Buildings 
Commission for England. 

Mr Garin Laird, aged S3, gen- 
eral secretary of the Amal- 
gamated Engineering Union, to 
be a nonexecutive director of 
Scottish Television. 

shall, who is joining Intelsat in 
Washington in August. 

Mr Dsncan Jeffrey, aged 33. 
assistant editor of the Eastern 
Daily Press, to be Editor of the 
Southern Evening Echo. 


Mr D.AJL RodwefL QC. to tea 
circuit judge on the South- 
eastern Circuit. 

Lord Aldington, who has been 
elected chairman of the Indepen- 
dent Schools Joint Council in 
succession to Lady Johnston. 



Mr OJ. Bam her 
and Miss AJ -F. Shepherd 
The engagement is announced 
between David, second son of 
Mr and Mrs Edward Bamber, of 
Melbourne. Australia, and 
Arabella, eldest daughter of Mr 
Roland Shepherd of 
HasJemere- Surrey, and Mis W. 
Fen wick-Smith of Midhurst, 
West Sussex. 

Mr JJL Campbell 
and Miss E.R. Boyd 
The engagement is announced 
between James, only son of Dr 
and Mrs Finlay Campbell, of 
Reigate. Surrey, and Elizabeth. 
eider daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Harley Boyd, of Lowestoft. 


Mr LL. Caaltoa 
and Miss A. Renting 
The engagement is announced 
between lan. elder son of Mr 
and Mrs Eric Cauhon, of 
Dew&riown. Midlothian, and 
Ann, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs William Fleming, of Edin- 
burgh and formerly of Hong 

Mr N.A. China 
and Miss V.E. Hancock 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, only son of 
Mis L.P. China and the late Mr 
L.P. China, of South Godstone. 
Surrey, and Victoria, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs 
D.A.C.T. Hancock, of Combe 
Florey,' SomerseL 
Mr W.P. Cotton 
and Miss PJL Stuart 
The engagement is announced 
between Wilson, son of Mr and 
Mrs W. Cotton, of Solihull, and 
Pippa. twin daughter of Mr and 
Mrs J.B. Stuart, of Fawley. 

MrH£ Graham 
and Miss E.C. Garvin 
The engagement is announced 
between Hugh, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs Donald Graham, of 
Oxen wood. Wiltshire, and 
Emma, daughter of Mr Stephen 
Garvin, of Camlagh. 
Greystones. Co Wicklow, and 
Mrs Clare Garvin, of 24 
Landsdowne Gardens, London. 

Mr J.A. Wilkinson 
and Miss EM. Capes 
The engagement is announced 
between Julian, son of Mr and 
Mrs T.B. Wilkinson, of 
Beechside. Byron Road. 
Harpenden, Hertfordshire, and 
Elizabeth, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs GS. Capes. Hatherden 
House. near . Andover. 

Mr J.C. Hiscocks 

and Miss CA- Young 

The engagement is announced 

Mr M.E.C. Horton 
and Signorina CM. Tcsei 
The engagement is announced 
between Matthew, elder son of 
Mr Brian R. Horton, of 
Coieheme Court. London., and 
Mrs Sally Greene, of 58 Sussex 
Street. London. SW1. and 
Consuelo. only daughter of Si- 
gnor and Signora Pier Luigi 
Tesei. of Poggio Madonna. 
Campagnatico. Italy. 

MrJU. Rawiiags 
and Miss AJR. Tinsley 
The engagement is announced 
between Rupert James, son of 
Dr and Mrs Peter Rawlings, of 
Mixton-by-Fowey, Cornwall, 
and Annette Ruth, daughter of 
Mr and Mis Richard Tinsley, of 
Hoi beach, Lincolnshire. 


Mr S. Crolla 

and The Hon SJML Cornwallis 
The marriage took place in 
London on Friday, July 4, of Mr 
Scott Crolla and the Hon Rosie 

Mr J.H. Blackett-Ord 
and Miss SJ» Jv Kendall 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, July 5, at St Peter's 
Church, Offham. Sussex, of Mr 
John Blackett-Ord. son of Major 
J.C. Blackett-Ord and the late 
Mrs Elisabeth Blackett-Ord, of 
Whitfield, Northumberland, 
and Miss Sarah Rend all, youn- 
ger daughter.of the late Mr Hugh 
Rendall and of Mrs Susan 
Rendall of Aylwins, Sussex. 

Mr M.I2N. Brennan 
and Miss M. Horae Slack 
Tbe marriage took place on 
Friday. July 4, at the Guards 
Chapeh Wellington Barracks, of 
Mr Michael Brennan and Miss 
Marika Hume Slade. The Rev 
Neville Thomas officiated, as- 
sisted by the Rev Peter Denton. 
Mr Guy Mainwaring Burton 
was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
Naval and Military Club and tbe 
honeymoon is being spent in 

Mr GCJH James 
and Miss F.E Beveridge 
The marriage took place on 
Thursday, July 3, in Bir- 
mingham. of Mr Christopher 
James, son of Mr and Mis G.F. 
James, of Turwesion. and Miss 
Fiona Beveridge, daughter of Dr 
and Mrs D.B. Beveridge, of 
Haibome, Birmingham. 

Mr A-N. Trigie 
and Miss MS. Esslin 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, July 5. in Reble 
College Chapel. Oxford, be- 
tween Mr Alan Neil Trigie. 
younger son of the late Mr 
Richard Trigie and of Mrs Gwen 
Trigie. of Marlborough, Wilt- 
shire. and Miss Monica Sandra 

between Charles, elder son of &sl»n. aniy'daughterof Mrand 

Mr and Mrs W.B. Hiscocks. of 
Bridgnorth. Shropshire, and 
Coieen. daughter of Mr and Mrs 
WJ-D- Young, of Henton, 

Mr MA Jeffries 
and Miss N J. Wood 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark Alan, son of Mr 
and Mrs AJ. Jeffries, of Cheam, 
Surrey, and Nicola Jane, daugh- 
ter of- Mr and Mrs Bernard 
Wood, ofBlackheath. London. 

Mrs Martin Esslin. of St John’s 
Wood. London. 

Mr R. Waycott 
and Miss M J.C. Payne 
The marriage took place on June 
28, 1986, at Abbotts Leigh 
between Mr Robert Waycott, 
son of Mr and Mrs Antony 
Waycott, of Bristol, and Miss 
Melainic Payne, daughter of the 
late Mr Bame Payne and ofMrs 
Gillian Payne, of Easton-in- 
Gordano, near Bristol. 

Memorial services 

Mr F. Cousins 
A memorial service for Mr 
Frank Cousins was held yes- 
terday at St Martin-m-the- 
Fields. Canon Geoffrey Brown 
officiated and the Rev Lord 
Soper read the lesson. Mr Neil 
Kinnock. MP. Mr Norman Wil- 
lis. general secretary. TUC. and 
Mr Ron Todd. general secretary. 
Transport- and General 
Workers' Union, gave ad- 
dresses. Mr Bill Owen read 
“Abou Ben Adhera”, by James 
Leigh Hunt, and the Most Rev 
Trevor Huddleston pronounced 
the blessing. The Gritnethofpe 
Colliery Band, conducted by Mr 
David Jones. -provided a musi- 
cal interlude. Among those 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

£4 a Era + 15K VAT 

f mini mom 3 lines) 

AmmuKcmrais. aubentRalcd bv the 
same and permanent address of the 
sender, may be sent la 

PO BOX 484 
Virginia Street 

or telephoned (by tetobooe nta- 
cibcn only) Ux 81-481 382* 

Announcements can be received by 
Kfcphonc bet wool 9.00am and 
5.30pm Monday to Friday, on Satur- 
day between 9.00am ana 12 noon. 
ftf-411 4000 AM. For publication the 
fbHowmg day phone by 1 .30pm. 


etc on Court and Social Puc Ct ■ Ban 
+ 15% VAT. 

Conn and Social hj: announce- 

ments ran noi be accepted by 
iquirics Ur 01-422 1953 

telephone. Enquiries 
(after jQJOam). or said Hr 

Please allow at least 48 boon before 

. BftKM. to obey Is better man anermce. 
and la near km Ilian Ow hi of mao. 

1 Samuel I& 23 


AflDOT On 7th July la Joanna (nfe 
Ferny and Andrew, a son. Other 

- On June 24th at UJ4.W.. 

Cardiff to Kart and Cert, a daughter. 
Katie, overdue but worth the wait 

■ROMAN - On July 3rd at St Thomas 
Hospital. London to Bridget into 
Daly) and John, a son. 

COATDN - On July 4th. 1986. to Kate 
fnfe Broadfoot) and John, a son. Da- 
vid Henry, a brother to Nicholas and 


July to Sally Aime and John, a son. 

MAXWELL * On 5th July, to Pandora 
(nee Wamford-Oavtsj and Kevin, a 
son. Edward Robert Meynarri, a 
brouter for Tilly. 

On 27th June to Tantslo 
(nee Peter) and Richard. Box 158. 
Whistler. British Columbia VON 
1BO. a daughter. Suzanne Tamstn 

’ On 6th July at ShrodelTS 
Hospital. Watford, in rata urte 
Carroll) and David, a daughter 
Hannah Emily Caroline. 

PRIESTLEY On 4ih July at home In 
Letrttwortft. to Anna tn&e Doe)) and 
Chris, a son Daniel James, brother to 
Beniamin John. 

■ On 27th June, in Parts, to 
Alison and Patrick, a daughter. Pe- 
nelope Zoe Louise, a sister for 

STAVE1EY - On July 8th. to Nicky 
tnee CorneUj and Richard, a daugh- 
ter. Amelia, a sister for Imogen. 

STESMAN . on BUt July, (o Sue (n«e 
Simpkins) and David, a son. James 
Weston OfKhrisL 


PATIENCE s COLES - The marriage 
took place on Saturday. 5U> July. 
1986 at St. Mary's Church. Cadogan 
Street, between Mr Philip Patience 
and Miss Elizabeth Mary Anne Odes. 


AMNA on 7Ui July. 1986. tragically or 
a heart attack. -Antonio. dearly be- 
loved husband of Evi and father of 
Susan and Maty. Funeral service 
will be held at St .Thomas's Church. 
Fulham at tOam followed by burial 
at North Sheen Cemetery. Lower 
Richmond Road. SW14 at Ham. 

BENT • On July Sth. peacefully. K- Pat- 
rick Bern. T.O. (Rajah), tale Royal 
Sussex Regiment, husband of Mtdde 
and lather of Philippa and Angela. 
AU enquiries to Edward White & 
Son. Chichester, tel. 782136. 'The 
fight Is o’er, ihe battle won*. 

ML LAM On July 7th suddenly whttsl 
on hottday In Portugal. John Bertran 
Bdlam C.B- D.S-C- Loved husband of 
Mary and father of Peter and Rose- 
mary. Formerly Solid lor. 

Dep artment of EmptoyroenL 

BWIDflES on July 3rd 1986 peacefufly 
after a long illness Janet Dorothy 
aged 71 years. Funeral service at 
Hawidnge Cremalariam Fotkstone 
on Friday July ltth at 3 pm. No 
flowers please but donations if de- 
sired to Save The Children Fund. 
Mary Dalcheior House. 17. Grove 
Lane. CairiberweU. SES 8RD-wUI be 
acknowledged. Enquiries to 
Hamnrook and Johns Ltd. l Dover 
Road Folkstone. (0305) 65167 

BUGLER -on 7th July 1986. suddenly. 
Robert Henry, beloved husband of 
Beryl and dearly loved father of Ja- 
net. Jeremy and Timothy. Funeral 
service at St Mlchaeto Church. 
P et ti i wo rt h. Surrey on Wednesday 
16th July at 12 noon. Followed by 
private cremation. Family flowers 
only please. Donations to R.NJJL 
C/o Midland Bank. Fishguard. En- 
quiries to Sherlock and Sons. 190 
South Street. Dork i ng. Tel (0306) 
882 266. 

BURKE-GAFTNCY Constance May. 
widow of Henry, beloved mother of 
Michael and John, greatly loved 
grandmother and great grandmoth- 
er. peacefully at warren Lodge. 8tb 
July- 1986. Funeral. SL Francis 
Church. South Ascot at 12 noon on 
Monday. 14th July. Fatuity flowers 
only please. 

CALBERT - On Jtdy 7th. peacefully at 
Marcrts House Private Phasing 
Home. Theydon Bais. Phyllis aged 
81. widow of Leonard or Fern Croft. 
Piesney. Chelmsford (formerly of 
Maggoai. FUneral Service at Holy 
Trinity Church. Pleshey on Monday. 
July 14th at 12 noon. Cremation at 
Chelmsford. Flowers (garden pre- 
ferred) or donations to ChesL Heart 
and stroke Association. Tavistock 
House North. Tavistock Sauare. Lon- 
don WCl 9JE. 

CURRAN on Sth July AUcta «MbdHa 
wife of the late Felix Curran, mother 
of Helen and the late Sir Charles. 
Margaret and PatndB Goran. much 
loved -Nanny - * to til her family. Fu- 
neral mass at Church of The Sacred 
Heart. Mill Hill Broadway. Friday 
lllh July at l oo pm. 

DAWES On «h July 1986. Rudolf Vic- 
tor (Dickie} M.C.. HA. B.Sx. 
Peacefully in hospital- Aged 90. cre- 
mation private. Thanitsfllving 
Service and internment of ashes al St 
Thomas's Church Wlnchetsearai Fri- 
day I Sth July at 300. mn. Family 
flowers only. Donations tf wished to 
League of Friends Rye Memorial 

' Qnfl Gordon, on 6th Jtdy 
1986. in hospital. Service at Margate 
Crematorium, on Monday 14th July 
at 1 1 riOam. Family flowers only, do- 
naUons if desired to 

HARTOC On 3rd Jtdy 1986 John M 
suddenly at his home In Cheshire. 
Funeral service win take place on 
Monday 14th July 2pm at Walton 
Lea Crematorium Warrington. Fam- 
ily flowers only. Donations far the 
British Heart Foundation to be 
forwarded to Cheshire Funeral Ser- 
vices 67 Gorsey Lane Warrington. 
Air enquiries Tel: Warrington 

KILLS - On July 8fh. 1986. peacefully 
at home. Mary Cardona Lindsay 
(Lynn) Hills. Beloved wife of the late 
Colonel J. D. Kills. O.LE. loving 
mother of Susanna. Carohne and 
Martin and a much loved grand- 
mother of ten. Requiem Mass at the 
Church of Our Lady and Ignatius. 
Chtdeock. Dorset at 11.30 am on 
Monday. July 14th. followed by 
burial at Holy Trinity Church. 
Bradpaie. Family flowers only. Do- 
nations to Ihe Moto Neuron Disease 
Association c/o A. J. Wakety & 
Sons. Funeral Directors. 91 E 
Stre et. Brt d poct- 

LfTTLETOK on July 7th. 1986. peace- 
fully at home. 18. Clarence Parade. 
Southsea. Henry Walter, aged 77 
yeara. Moved husband or Betty, re- 
ared chairman of No\eflos A 
Company. Funeral at Porlchester 
Crematorium on Monday. July loin 
al 130pm- 

MAITLAND HUME - On July 9 th. at 
Kemerton. Aurtol. beloved wife of 
the late Dr.WMiam MaiUand Hume, 
and adored mother of lan and Diana, 
and adored grand moo to all her 
grandchildren. Private cremation, 
followed tar service and Interment at 
Broad well. 11.30 am on July ieth. 

MANSELL on 7th July 1986. peaceful- 
ly in WtocMey Home. Kings Lynn. 
Norfolk. Mollte i formerly of 
Sevenoaks and AMeburghi dearly 
tovea widow of Cha and mother of 
Sue. Annab el an d Janie: loving 
grannie and great grannie. Funeral 
service and cremation al Minllyn 
Crematorium. Kings Lynn on Mon- 
day 1 4th July at 2.00 pm Cut 
flowers or sprays only pleme to the 
Chanels of Rest. R.H Fayers & Son. 
Funeral Directors. 42 43 Railway 
Road. Kings Lynn. Norfolk. 

NAPIER - On 2nd July In Madrid. Bill 
Napier of Los Areas. Molacar. Alme- 
ria. Spain, formerly of BlUerlnq. 
Norfolk, from compltcabans follow- 
ing operations- Defiant and cheerful 
to the lasL 

KUM Elizabeth Bell, on 6th. July 
1986-af Sbockerwick Nursing Home 
(formerly of the Mall House. 
Corsham.) Principal of Baip college 
of Higher Education. Home E/cs 
1945-67. Funeral service on Friday. 
IiUi Jidy. at Haycombe Crematori- 
um. Bath, at 2pm. Family flowers 
only, but donations if desired for 
Bath Cancer Unit Support Croup, 
may be sent to JoUys Funeral Direc- 
tors. 7 Windsor Place. Upper Bristol 
Road. B ath. 

D'ARCY CREK - On July 7 th. 1986. at 
Ash ridge Heritage. Cooden. BexhUh 
on-Sea. Sussex, after a short illness. 
Air Commodore David D'Any 
Creig. O.F.C- AT.C.. R.A.F. fret’d). 
Beloved husband of Eve and father 
of Jane. Jamie and Judy. Funeral 
Service at Eastbourne Crematorium. 
Tuesday. July 15th at 2.30 pm. No 
flowers. Donations, if desired, to 
HAT. Benevolent Fund. c . o Mum- 
mery. F.D.. 31 Devonshire Road. 
BexMl!-on-6ea. Sussex. 

NO YDS . on July 3rd. Jill Noel sudden- 
ly but without pain, al Highciiffe. 
Sister of Anita and Nicholas. By re- 
auesi no funeral. 

On July 3rd 1986. 
Cremated pmatety at GoMera Green 

Skua On July 4 1986. after a short 
illness. Anton Francis Skeri. aged 80 
husband of the late Dons and father 
ctf Clifford and Roger. Funeral at 
Croydon Crematorium Wednesday 
July 16th at 2.00pm. Family Dowers 
only but if desired, donations to the 
British Heart Foundation, c/c 
Dowsed A Jenkins. Funeral Direc- 
tors. 7 Sunny HO Rd. SW16. 01-769 

SMUI.IT - On July 8th. 1986. peace- 
fully at Eastcotts Nursing Horae. 
Kedtogton. HaverhUL Suffolk. Wil- 
liam Buchanan Smeffie iBOl). MJ3_ 
F.R.CS (Edtn). late of Woking. Sur- 
rey. Beloved husband of Marie and 
father of Jean. Aiastair. Clu and 
Sheena. Funeral Service at AU 
Saints. Woodham. Woking. Surrey 
ai II. IB am on Saturday. July i2lh. 
followed hy private cremation. Fam- 
ily flowers only. 

TALBOT-WEBS Patricia (formerly 
Orr Ewing) loving wife of Cedric and 
mother of Handsh and AMstair. 
Peacefully at Royal Manden Hook- 
tal Chelsea on 2nd July. Funeral 
Service at St Mary's. The Boltons on, 
Monday 14th July at ll.lSam. Do- 
nations if desired to Cancer 
Research. Royal Marsden HoapttaL 
Chelsea SW3 

TOLLER Charles - Suddenly and 
peacefully at the Hail House. 
DatcheL in Ms 81st year. Deaity 
loved husband of Jane, father of An- 
thony. Funeral at St. Mary's. Datchri 
at 3.15 pm on Monday. 14Ui July. 

. Flowers and enquiries to E. Sergeant 
A Son. Id. (Slough) 2008L A Memo- 
rial Service wW be held at a later 
date. Sadly missed by all tils family. 

VERGETTE - Oo July 7th. 1986. al 
Sloane HosntaL after a proKmged Ill- 
ness bravely borne. Peggy Vergetie 
of BKlcley. Beloved wife of Uie tale 
John, dearly loved mother of Pamela 
and Jenny and grandmother of Sal- 
ly. Cornelia. Nicholas and Justlna- 
Funeral Service at SL George’s 
Church. Btckley on Wednesday. July 
16th -al 11.15 am. followed by pri- 
vate cremation. Floral arrangements 
may be sent to Francis CbappeU A 
Sons. 231 High Street. Bromley. 
Kent. No letters please. 

Wn U H H T- Cyril Frank, on July 6. 
1986. late of Tunramun. Australia. 
mtd formerly of West Byfteet. Hearty 
loved husband of the late Winifred, 
loving husband of Madeleine, be- 
loved father of Bruce and Ms family. 
To be cremated tn Sydney. Australia 
on July 9th. 

WOOD- On 64h July. 1986. John Lind- 
say of SwiihlaiKl. Leicestershire. 
Beloved hutoand of Uie late Kathleen 
botoet and a much loved uncle. 
Passed peacefully away m Ms 96th 
year. Funeral Service and-Cremabon 
ai Loughborough Crematorium on 
Monday. i4th July at 12 noon. All 
flowers and further enquiries to 
Gums & Gutteridge Ltd. Funeral Di- 
rectors of Leicester, tel. 0635 56117. 


CONCTANTEKfDf - A Service of 
Thanksgiving for Ihe life Of Susanna 
Constanllnidi will be hew on Tues- 
day. July 22 nd at 3.00 pm at Sl 
M ary’s Church. Sanford near Bath. 

present were; 

Mrs . Cc 

Mr John 

Couans (widow). 

Cousins (general seexeta... _ 

Bank Union) and Mrs Cousins and Dr 
and Mis- Michael Cousins (sons and 
da lighters -m- law), Mr and Mrs j 
Young and Mr and Mrs R Hanson 
(sons Tn-iaw and naughts*). Mr and 
M Rase. Mis P Cousins 

Mis M Rose. Ml* P COUSUB and Mtss 
E Cousins 1 grandchlldrent. Mr and 
Mrs Walter Cousins (brother and 

sMcr-in-law). Mr and Mrs, Arthur 

Beckwfth 1 brother in-law and sister); 

Mr and Mis Geoffrey Goodman. 
Brian Hubbard. Mrs B Everard. 

'The Ear) of Lortfard. Lord Scanlon. 
Lord Murray of Epptog 

Forest. Lord 


me police Federation). Mr 


Foot.' MP. Mm Barbara Crik _M£P. 
Mr Peter Shore. MP. Sir. 

Nicholas. Sir Pat Lowry. Mr 

Kiison 1 deputy, ^n«jd 

TGWTJ) with Mr t Hay and other 
members: Mr Kenneth Graham (den- 

uty^jemral secretory. TDO wtth Mr 

and other members. Mr 

Derek Foster lOpPOStoon Chief Whip). 

Or David Kerr and Mr Jack Ftsh 
(Manor House Hospital). Mr Mike 
Banned (National League of the Blind 
Disabled). Mr D AUen act)., Mr w 
McCall itratmibon of Professional 
Civil Servants). Mr J Burns (CNDL Mr 
D Pickering (Genera). . Municipal. 
Boilermakers and Aided Trades 
Union). Mr Dennis Boyd (Acas). Mr P 
Kelly 1 New Zealand Federation of 
Labour). Mr A Tuffln and Mr Tony 
Clarke (Union of CommunkMion 

Workers). Mr Monre Mein (Beecham 
Group). Mr H A Feather (Iron and 

Steel Trades Confederation). Mr- R D 
“■ onal Union of Domestic 

Preston i National 

Appliances, and General Operative*) 

HP Mrs Preston. Mr Walter J Jeffrey 
(Writers’ Guild of Great Britain). _Mr_D 
O W imams (Confederation of Health 

Service CmptoyeesL~~Mr Tow Chip- 
lopher (inland Revenue Staff Federa- 

tion)? Mr A m Ardr3?fWlre' Workers 

Union). Mbs Roste Staler (NUJ). Mr W 
Ethertngton (Transport Salaried 
Staffs’ Association David Wil- 

liams (Cohxe). Mr Eric Catherine 

(Guildford Trade Council). Mr John 
Horner iFire Brigade Union). Mr R 
Btckerstaffe (Nupe). Mr Mike Terry 
l Anti Apartheid Movemeniv Miss 


HaS^iUnion ' World. 

TVL Mr Doobkl' MacIntyre {Labour 
and Industrial Correspondent! 

is Group). 

Mr w Keyes. Mrs George Wood- 
cock. Mr Otoe Jenldns. Mr 

Evans. Mr Mick McCahey. . _ 

Altken. Mtss Beuy Christiansen. Mr 
Kevin McNamara. MP. Mr Tony 
Banks. MP. Mrs Harriet Harman. MP. 
Mr Hoy Hughes. MP. Mr Michael 
Meacher. MP, Mr Reginald BpttinL Mr 
Alan Pike ( the Financial TuanL Mr 

lan Coulter. Mr George Doughty. Mr 

Dick Oetneots. Mr Barry Jones. MP. 
Mrs Renee Short. MP. Mr John 
Connelly. Mr Dennis Skinner. MP. Mr 
Robert Parry. MP and .Mr Tam 
DalyelL MP. 

Dr H. SEtfaertand 

A memorial service for Dr 
Humphrey Sutherland was held 
in Oirisi Church Cathedral. 
Oxford, yesterday. Tbe Dean 
officiated and Dr M.R. 
Vaughan-Lee, Senior Censor of 
Christ Church, read the lesson. 
Mr KA. Barfas read “Death’*, 
by George Herbert, and Dr 
D.M. Metcalf Keeper of the 
Heberden Coin Room, 
Ashmolean Museum, gave an 

Judges retire 

Judge Solomon has retired from 
the 'circuit bench on the South- 
eastern Circuit, and Judge 
Chapman, QC, has retired from 
the circuit bench on the North- 
eastern Circuit 


IX (5) BATTALION - TTu- Rifle Brigade 
who 3 Hacked, atone, on ■ summer 
evening lo the left of Contotmanon In 
the Battle of (he Somme. 300 fell. 
Remembered with pnde. 

Church news 

Scottish Episcopal Church 


The Rev G MacGregor. Rector of S» 
Luke’s Glenrothes iSt Andrews) has 

been appointed VKeJhwosi of the 
Cathedral of The teles. MUl poet 


Rev P j D S Scott, curate. St 

Michael and Ail Ange«. Helensburgh 
lo lx- curate-ln charge of St 

Oswald's. King’s Park. Glasgow. 

The Rev D Retd 10 serve at St 
John’s. Greenock /Glasgow). 

Latest wills 

M^jor Sir Arthur Harold Bibby, 
of Tilstone Feamall. Cheshire, 
president of the Bibby Line, left 
estate valued at £2,454.239 net 
Mr Peter John Smith, of Maid- 
stone. KenL left £1.623.641 net. 


Royal Society of Chemistry 
Professor R.O.C. Norman. 
President of the Royal Society of 
Chemistry, gave a luncheon 
yesterday at Burlington House. 
The principal guests were the 
Earl of Cranbrook. the Earl of 
Halsbury. Viscount Hanworth. 
Lord Dainton. Lord Howie of 
Troon. Lord Tedder. Lord 
Tordoft Professor Sir Jack 
Lewis. Mr David Crouch. MP. 
and Professor J.H. PurndL 
Company of Watermen and 

Mr DJ. Piper. Master of the 
Company of Watermen and 
Lightermen of the River 
Thames, presided at a luncheon 
held at watermen's Hafl yes- 
today. Among those present 

Sir Croffrey Peacock. Mr RGOpuctk 
Mr M J Turk amt Mr J G. 

.... _ _ Adam. 

wardens: Mr D J Jeffrey.- Mr D G 
Anderson. Mr A J _Badco ck- Mr F M 
Datsoo. Mr G H Dtekman. Mr F E 
Hayter. Hr R i Penney. Mr R W 
Putford. Mr M Shuras. Me R W WSdl 
and Mr 8 A Wheeler. 


Lord Boston 
Lord Boston was host to mem- 
bers of the English-Speaking 
Union of the Commonweahh at 
tea held in the House of Lords 
yesterday. Sir Donald Tebbit, 
chairman of the union, and Mrs 
Richard Luce, chairman of tbe 
hospitality council, received the 

Association of Exhibition 
Sir John Wells. MP, was host at 
a reception held by tire Associ- 
ation of Exhibition Organisers 
at the House of Commons last 
night. Mr and Mrs Sandy Angus 
and members of tte council 
received the guests. . 


Royal College of Psychiatrists 
Dr Thomas BewJey, President of j 
the Royal College of Psychi- 
atrists. presided at the annual 
dinner of the college held last 
night at Southampton Univer- 
sity. Dr JJLT. Birley. dean, and 
Professor Sir Donald Adteson. 
Chief Medical Officer. Depart- 
ment of Health and Social 
Security, also spoke. 

Service dinner 

TA&VR Association 
The Territorial Auxiliary and 
Volunteer Reserve Association 
for Greater London held a 
dinner at the Duke of York's 
Headquarters yesterday. Colo- 
nel G.S;P. Carden presided.- 
Admiral of the Fleet Sir John 
Fieklhouse. Colonel Viscount 
Ridley. Sir Godfrey Taylor, 
Brigadier T.R. Birkett and offi- 
cers commanding Territorial 
Army Units were among those 

Science report 

Gaining more colours 
than the eye can see 


Ukrainian leader in exile 

Yaroslav Sietsko. who de- munisL he refused to become 
dared himself prime minister a Ukrainian quisling. Had the 
of an independent Ukrainian Nazis been capable of treating 

republic after the Germans 
invaded the Soviet Union in 
1941. died in Munich on July 
5. He was 74. 

For nearly half a century he 
Symbolized for many tbe 
struggle for Ukrainian inde- 
pendence and was regarded by 
Ukrainian exiles as their last 
legitimate prime minister. 

Born in TemopiL western 
Ukraine, m 191ZStetskoerew 
up during a time when Ukrai- 
nian national consciousness 
was re-awakening after nearly 
200 years of suppression by 
successive occupiers. 

As a. student at Lvov and 
Crakow universities, he be- 
came a member of the organi- 
zation of Ukrainian 
nationalists, a clandestine 
body operating in both Polish 
and Russian occupied 
Ukraine. His intellectual bril- 
liance ensured a swift rise 
within the movement. 

When the Germans invaded 
the Soviet Union in 1941, and. 
the Red Army was in headlong 
retreat, the Ukrainian nation- 
alists proclaimed an indepen- 
dent Ukraine and Stetsko was 
named Prime Minister. 

Laogftosni Ward Chib 
The Lord Mayor and Lady 
Mayoress, accompanied by 
Alderman and Sheriff and Mrs 
Collett, were the guests of 
honour at the annual luncheon . 
of the Langbourn Ward Club 
held at Saddlers' Hall yes t erday. 
Mr John D. Guthrie; chairman, 
and other officers of tbe dub 
and their ladies received the 
guests who included Sir Maurice 
and Lady Bathurst. 

Rejecting totalitarian sys- 
tems. whether Nazi or Com- 


Mr Roger Cuthbert Wake- incidentally, was used to print 
field. CMG, OBE, FRICS, a all the forms required for the 
distinguished land surveyor, country's first election. 

geologist and administrator. 
Hied on July I at the age of SO. 

“Jumbo” Wakefield was 
educated at Sedbetgh and 
Trinity College. Cambridge, 

Wakefield also drew up. a 
detailed . plan for the 
Sudanisation of the depart- 
ment with Saved Mekki el 
Manna as its first Sudanese 

taking a degree re engineering director, and. was . invited to 

survey option in 

With Sir Vivian Fuchs, on 
Wordie's expedition to East 
Greenland in 1929. he made 
the first ascent of Petermann 

head a commission to estab- 
lish a pay and promotion 
structure for unclassified staff . 

fn 1952. he.was appointed a 
councillor without portfolio 
on the Governor-General's 

Peak, at that time thought to Executive Council - an unusu- 
be the highest Arctic gj distinction for the .head of 
mountain. such a small department He 

From 1935 to 1 940, using was also appointed a member 
only Sudanese assistants and 0 f the Legislative Assembly, 

He retired from die Sudan 
observed a 600-mile triangular ^ 1955 to Isle of Skye 

The Speaker and Mrs Weatherilf 
gave a dinner in Speaker’s ] 
House yesterday. Tbe guests 

St r Edward du Cann. MP. and Lady 

du rjnn Mr Gordon Oakes. MP. and 

Mrs Oakes, the Hon John SUkln.-MP. 

and Mrs SIBdh. Mr Andrew Bowden. 

MP. and Mrs Bowden. Mr Graham 
Bright. MP. and Mrs Bvl^iL the Hon 

Archibald Ha ran ion. MP. and Mrs 

Hamilton. Mr Christopher Hawkins. 

MP. Sir Anthony Kershaw. MP. and 

Lady Kershaw. Mr Peter Lloyd. MP. 

and Mrs Dove. Mr tan MIkardo. MP. 

and Mrs MUcarOo. Mr Richard Page. 
MP. and Mrs Page. Mr Ernest Ross. 

MP- and Mrs Rom. the Hon Tom 

Sack vllle. MP. Sir Peter TapsHL MP. 
Mr and Mrs Alan Biakemora. Uie Rev 
David and Mrs Galilee. . Mr David 
GodfTee. Mrs Kitty Godfree. Mr and 
Mrs David Griffith -Hug ties. Mr Max 
McCann and Sir Alan and Lady Traill. 

lion section of the 30th Arc of 
Meridian in the northern Su- 
dan, setting tbe high standards 
of accuracy required to help 
determine the precise drape of 
the earth, observations on 
which later control of satellites 

During the war. Wakefield 
was detailed to civil defence 
duties and desert navigation. 

ki 1946. he became director 

where he played an active role 
in local affairs and. was much 

He was Deputy Lieutenant 
for Ross and. Cromarty :in 
. 1976, a member of the county 
council, and chairman of the 
Highland division of the Scot- 
tish Community Drama 
Association. s 
Wakefield's pre-war studies 

of the Sudan Sunrcy Depart- 'were published in 1950. with 
mem and. in tbe ten years to D. F. Munsey, as The Arc of 

independence, transformed 
the small but effective' depart- 
ment, setting up an aerial 
photographic and survey unit, 
and a modem reproduction 
and printing section which. 

the Thirtieth Meridian be- 
tween the Egyptian Frontier 
and Latitude 13 4S\ 

He married, in 1936, Eliza- 
beth Davie, who survives him, 
together with a daughter. 


By Andrew Wiseman 

A tiny micro-organism which 
thrives in very salty water is 
helping Israeli scientists to 
shed light on the human 
ability to perceive different 
colours. At the same time, the 
Israeli scientists are trying to 
learn more of the mechanism 
which converts light entering 
the eye into electrical energy. 

Unlike film, which needs 
different materials to repro- 
duce various colours, the reti- 
na uses jnst one particular 
compound, retinal, which has 
a similar molecular structure 
to that of Vitamin A. Whereas 
the photographic image is 
fixed forever, what the eye 
sees changes all tbe time. 

All the colours in the risnal 
spectrum can be discerned 
because this single retinal is 
chemically linked to opsin, one 
of three different proteins, 
producing rfaodospin, a light- 
sensitive eye pigment 

Each opsin affects. Che reti- 
nal in a different way, so that it 
will absorb red, green or Mae 
light Various combinations of 
the primary colours enable ns 
to perceive all the other 

Dr Mordechai Shebes, of 
the Weizmana Institute of 
Science organic chemistry de- 
partment has already demon- 
strated in the laboratory’ for 
tbe first time that tbe retinal's 
ability to absorb primary col- 
ours could be changed ' by 
releasing different protein- 
produced electrical charges 
near the retinal molecule. 

He and his group are now 
trying to find oat how that 
happens. They are experi- 
menting with a substance pro- 
duced by a salt-water 
bacterium, Halobacierium 
haJobium, which is very simi- 
lar to tbe retinal-opsin pig- 
ment found in the human eye. 

The bacterium uses the 
light-absorbing properties of 
this pigment to gather all the 
energy it needs to live, in a way 
chlorophyi is used by green 
plants in photosynthesis. Its 
ability to absorb light, and its 
dose chemical similarity to 
rhodopsin makes it an ideal 
model for the study of hitman 
colour perception. 

By subjecting the pbotosyn- 
thetic protein pigment found in 
the purple membrane of the 
bacterium to tests similar to 
those carried out on rhodop- 
sin, Dr Shebes has been able 
to confirm previous experi- 
ments with opsin-produced 
electrical charges on retinal. 

He hopes further studies 
will reveal bow this relatively 
abundant bacterial material 
could be used to create devices 
harnessing solar energy for 
commerdai use. 

He also believes his work 
might lead to tbe development 
of a treatment for colour 
blindness, and ultimately cre- 
ate opportunities for changing 
the human eye's colour appre- 
ciation, so that man could see 
colour outside the visual spec- 
trum, as some animals do. 

Lord Brimefow writes: 

Your obituary of Sir Iain 
Sutherland gave the facts of 
his career. May I be allowed to 
add something about the 

A career centred on coun- 
tries under communist rule 
calls for special qualities. 

It requires a sense of ser- 
vice, willingness to be posted 
more than once to a capital 
where the political climate 
may at times be acutely un- 
congenial, discretion, careful 
behaviour, cheerfulness, pa- 
tience. the skills needed to 
interpret communist jargon, 
and the ability cautiously to 
evaluate the signs of change. 

It calls for the ability to put 
up with frustration, since 
communist regimes are at 
pains to protea themselves 
against foreign influences. 

It helps if the diplomat and 
his wife lake ah interest in the 
history, the culture and the 
people of tbe country to which 
they are assigned and make it 
their task to develop personal 
relations, within the limits of 
what is permitted, with such 
of its inhabitants as are less 
affected than bureaucrats by 
the ups and downs of inter- 
governmental relations. 

These qualities Iain and 
Jeanne Sutherland had in high 

Iain Sutherland was a man 

of reserved and sober judg- 
ment. and it took time to 
. know him welL 

He found Moscow bis most 
interesting and challenging 
post. When he was posted as 
ambassador there, at a time of 
tension in Anglo-Soviet rela- 
tions, he determined to retain 
and develop every permitted 

He and his wife found that 
they were able to renew and 
build on personal relation- 
ships which they had first 
made in the easier conditions 
of the 1970s. 

In that way, they succeeded, 
in spile of the strains in 
official relations, in expanding . 
contacts in the world of letters 
and the arts, and Sutherland 
was glad to be able, before he 
left Moscow, to negotiate a 
new agreement on cultural 

In addition, he and his wife 
travelled widely in remote 
parts of the Soviet Union, 
finding them full of interest 
and encountering much 
friendship among the people 
they met there. 

_ Despite all the years he 
lived abroad, he kept dose 
links with Scotland, and when 
he left Moscow it gave, him 
much pleasure that the Uni- 
versity of Aberdeen conferred 
upon him the honorary, degree 
ofLLD, as it bad on his father 


E. M. writes: 

One of the outstanding 
features of Dame Geraldine 
Aves's long career, described 
in your obituary of June 28, 

employment and tbe scheme 

Of course her achievements 
relied on colleagues and allies, 
and her ability to inspire 

was her success in remaining others to work with her was 
active to the end. impressive. It came, in part, 

Characteristically, during from her own tireless capacity 
her last short illness, she for work. Bui it also came 
turned her sick room into an from a generosity of spirit that 
office so that shecould contin- enabled her to share with 
ue her work. others her own sense of vision 

"Destined to chair and purpose, 
committees” she may. have Above all. perhaps, it was 
been, but that gives no hint of. herenjoyment of life and work 

the imaginative energy she that made - working with her 
threw into creating many such a pleasure, 
schemes that are still effective- Offering a voluntary service 

ly meeting needs in different alongside Dame Geraldine 
groups. was never a pious chore, but 

fn 1 980. at the age of 81 , she an adventure, lightened by fiin 
launched the Harington and humour. . 

Scheme in Highgate, north 
London, and continued to 
chair it until 1985 - a scheme 
for training mentally handi- 
capped young people in 

She started it from the 
conviction that through this 
medium many slow learners 
could acquire the skills and 

Judge Philip Charles 
Stones Kershaw, a circuit 
judge from 1961 to 1983. has 

died at the age of 76. 

Educated at Stonyhorst Col- 
lege and Merton College, Ox- 
ford, he was called to the Bar 
ofGray's Inn in 1933, practis- 
ing on. the Northern Circuit 

experience they need lo move until August 1939. 
into open employment. During the war-be seryed as 

As with her other enter- a major, resuming ftis-practice 
prises, time proved her right; from 1945 to 1961; He was a 
40 per cent of Harington’s ex- former deputy chairinan of 
trainees are now in full time Lancashire Quarter Sessions;! 

the Ukrainians as equals rath- 
er than as Untermensehen, 
they might have won their 
wholehearted support as al- 
lies. *■ with incalculable 

Instead. Stetsko and his 
cabinet were swiftly arrested, 
by the . Gestapo and Stetsko 
was sent to Sachsenhausen 
concentration camp where be 
remained until 1944. 

Until 1945, the nationalists 
fought a guerrilla campaign 
against the. Germans and the 
Russians; after the war, they 
fought against the Russians 
until 1951. Stetsko was now 
living in Munich- helping to 
direct the fight as well as trying 
to influence Western powers 
to support Ihe struggles oFEast 
European countries occupied 
by tbe Russians. 

He devoted . his life to 
keeping alive the hopes of 
Ukrainians arid other East 
Europeans that their countries 
would one day be free, becom- 
ing active in. various rinterira- 
tional anti -communist 
organizations, including the 
Ami- Bolshevik Bloc of . Na- 
tions, whose president he was 
since 1959. “ * 

He is survived by his wife, 

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R®s*Ufcctjons often • provoke 
fierce controversy. Last 
PBlit's entertaining The Re- 
tor* of Sherlock Bolmes (Gra- 
*»«*a) was the latest screen 
wsm» df one of the most 
welcomed, but no less coutro- 
fmfaJ, miractxious ' come- 
Devoted students of the 

detective have scrnti- 

■ized and sqnabbled.over the 

textual account of bis “death" 
and resurrection with an iaten* 
«ty worthy of die most oboes' 
sive biblical scholars. 

The apparent change in 
Holmes after an absence of 
three years is mm of the 
problems. He seems complete- 
ly owed, not only of .his 
addiction to cocaine and mor~ 
pbine bat also of bis unsocia- 
ble habits of playing the violin 
and of quoting in French and 
German. His knowledge of 
borse-raring, so formidable in 
The Silver. Blaze, appears to 
have left him at the Reich- 
enbach Falls. 

. Watson’s flawed spelling 
does not help dth» by imply- 
mg that Holmes in exile 
developed an unhealthy inter- 
est in animals when “visiting 1 
Lhassa and spending some 
days with the head Mam* 
[*fcr. Misspelling, however, 
cannot explain Holmes's fhhu 
that he [mid “a short visit to 
the Khalifa at Khartoum"’ 
when, as we all know, the 
Khalifa in 1893 was at Omdnr- 
— ti. ' Such inconsistencies 
have led some to argue that the 
resurrected Holmes is an im- 
postor - a beneficent one far 
those who think Mycroft per- 
suaded a cousin to take op the 
magnifying glass, an evil one 
for those who believe that 
Monarty survived to imper- 
sonate the great detective. 

However, the read surprise 
of last night’s second coming 
was not any change in our 
bero, who remains, as in the 
previous series, reincarnated 
in the chiselled features of the 
excellent Jeremy Brett What 
was astonishing, though, was 
thecomplete transformation of 
Watson, who seemed quite a 
different person — which in- 
. deed he. was since Edward 
Hardwicfce has taken over the 
role of the good doctor from 
David Bnrke. 

Of course, as far as film and 
television is concerned, this is 
the umpteenth return of the 
famous double act The ten- 
dency, particularly with the 
celebrated Basil Rath bone/ 
Nigel Bruce pairing, has been 
fa make Watson more of a 
buffoon than in the books. 
Hardwicke's Watson, howev- 
er, appears less of a fool than 
many of his predecessors, even 
his immediate one. The script- 
writer,' John Hawkesworth, 
has given him a greater role in 
the affair of the murder of 
Ronald Adair by making him 
the police surgeon in the case. 
And Watson is even allowed to 
show, a little pique about 
Hofaaes’s telling Mycroft, hot 
not him, that he was alive. 
Holmes toe shows more than 
customary emotion: he even 
permits Mrs Hudson a glass of 
champagne after her long 
labours in helping him get his 

Andrew Hislop 


Problem of scale in 

A Midsummer 
Night’s Dream 

"Out of this wood do not 
desire to go", warns Tilania. 
Bui nobody had taken much 
notice of her from the time 
Peter Brook led the play out of 
pastoral captivity in! the 1970s 
up to this year's uproariously 
urban Regent’s Park version 
and the severely geometrical 
Covent Garden staging of 
Britten's opera. 7f any director 
wanted to do something really 
bold with the Dream, it would 
be to restore the comedy to a 
wood near Athens. Stratford 
has now taken this plunge in 
the latest product of the Bill 
Alexander-Williara Dudley 

The show opens with the 
sight of Theseus's court in 
evening suits and long satin 
dresses set against an artfully- 
lit classical facade... Then the 
masonry departs upwards re- 
vealing the secrets of Mr 
Dudley's magic wood. As 
disclosed by John Higgins on 
this page on June 30, it is an 
exercise in post-Arthur Rack- 
ham fantasy. Huge leaves 
form beds for the fairies, seed- 

pods glow like lanterns and a 
giant spider's web overhangs 
the scene which, in the back- 
ground. reveals a gypsy cara- 
van with lights winking on the 

Already, that last detail 
suggests a certain problem 
with scale. Is it a fairy-sized 
caravan: and, if so. how are 
the humans to be scaled down 
when they arrive? Or are they 
supposed lo have shrunk? Mr 
Alexander's production sup- 
plies no answer. The point 
about that 'wood is that it is 
meant to be pretty. Otherwise, 
the idea insistently comes 
through that you can get away 
with anything in a dream. 

The main directorial deci- 
sion is to retain two actors for 
Theseus and Oberon while 
doubling the roles of Hippofy- 
ta and Titania. In other words, 
what happens in the wood 
represents fantasies Hippoiyta 
has to suppress in waking life. 

At the outset. Janet McTeer 
gives a hint of what is to come 
when she shoots a poisonous 
glance at her consort for 
backing up Egeus's threats 
against his rebel daughter. 
When we get to the woods, the 
long, evening gloves really 
come off; and Miss McTeer 
changes from a supercilious 
ice-maiden into a fairy virago 

in a lowering rage who pins 
Oberon to the ground with a 
silvery foot. Evidently she 
does not much want Oberon 
either, having already ex- 
changed meaningful glances 
with Bottom (Pete Poslie- 
lhwaiie in cords and patched 
sports-jacket) as he arrives for 
his day's .rehearsal at the 

There may be successful 
ways of turning the Dream 
into Titania's play, but the 
method adopted here lays an 
axe to its central structure. 
Instead of a comedy celebrat- 
ing marriage, the production 
perverts the action into a 
study of compensation fanta- 
sy. and its contours start 
dissolving. Titania would evi- 
dently have fancied a piece of 
rough trade even without the 
spell. Likewise. Bottom devel- 
ops an untoward strain of 
winsome romanticism in her 
company, voice throbbing 
with sincerity as he clasps the 
hands of the little shepherdess, 
sailor-suited lot. mildewed 
lift-boy and the other lost 
children who comprise the 
fairy retinue. Combined with 
the kind of music you used to 
hear on Children's Hour, it is 
like something out of Eleanor 

These are no foundations 


^ i- Vif,' ^ ’ ■ '"k 

m rr* 


Meaningful glances: Pete PosdethwaJte and Janet McTeer as Bottom and Titania 

on which to build the finale. 
And I have never seen the 
mechanicals' play fall so flat. 
As the court audience is 
grouped on both sides, they 
have to shout their insults 
over the actors. Instead of 
comic business. Mr Alexander 
has Quince conducting a 
scratch band: the only joke is 
that they cannot play. 

The crowning absurdity 
comes at the end when the 

immortals invade- the human 
party. Framed on the thresh- 
old against the moonlit wood, 
they make -a magical picture. 
But. then Oberon advances 
into the room, and Miss 
McTeer excuses herself from 
Theseus and rejoins the fairy 

Far from celebrating a nup- 
tial, the scene now presents an 
abduction by the demon 

1 should like to wind up this 
catalogue of grievances by 
acknowledging . some plea- 
sures. But apart from Nicholas 
Woodeson's sparkishly good- 
natured Puck, and a magnifi- 
cently apoplectic Egeus from 
Robert Demeger (one of the 
company's most interesting 
recent recruitsX the text is 
largely swamped in monoto- 
nous anger. 

There is a bossily self- 

dramatizing Hermia (Amanda 
Harris) partnered by a Ly sen- 
der (Paul Greenwood) who 
knocks her out with a blow to 
the jaw. Gerard Murphy's 
Oberon pulsates with fury, 
reaching one of his most 
ferocious climaxes with “all 
things shall be peace". 

Dreaming these immortals 
may be; unearthly they are 

aot Irving Wardle 

^Publishing appears to be going 
through the San Francisco Earth- 
quake". declared the tanned edito- 
rial director as he eased h is 
elongated frame lower in his chair 
in Faber and Faber's modern plate- 
glass offices. “This is 1906". Rob- 
ert McCrum added as if to confirm 
that his habitat seemed more suited 
to Malcolm Bradbury's .history 
men than to the heirs of T. S. Eliot 
Faber’s Chairman. Matthew Evans, 
came in and sat on the only relic 
from early glories on parade, an 
ancient chair whose cavernous 
crater of a seat suggested forebears 
weighty in bottom as well as 
intellect “There’s going to be a big 
bang", he beamed. “What publish- 
ers need is a good kick up the 

It is crisis time again in the book 
industry and publishers' humour is 
getting blacker. According to the 
managing director of Pan. Simon 
Master, “things are so bad that 
publishers are being honest to each 
other about how tad things are" 
Publishers have 'always liked 'to 
complain, even all the way to the 
tank. No doubt their forerunners 
predicted terminally: downward 
curves after a -heavy loss of 
illuminators to- plague or Norse-; 
men. It does seem, however, that 
they do have cause to be worried. A 
disappointing Christmas for sales 
has been followed by a worse six 
months. Carmen Callil df Chatto & 
Windus admitted tad returns, 
despite the success of Timothy 
Mo's new novel, before giving a 
long list of publishers with equally 
poor figures. % 

What must be particularly dis- 
turbing for the industry is that this 
recent slump has happened despite 
all the rationalization and reorgani- 
zation that has taken place since 
the last serious crisis during the 
recession of the Seventies. Compa- 
nies have merged, adopted “ver- 
tical'’ structures so that they 
control both the paperback and 
hardback life of a book, and even in 
some cases bought or opened 
bookshops. Publishers no longer 
regard marketing as a preoccupa- 
tion worthy only of the more 

“Things are so bad that publishers are being honest to each other 
about how bad things are”, announces the managing director of Pan: 
Andrew Hislop investigates whether the new blackness in the trade 
humour is justified and British publishing really is going to the dogs 

Books going down the slippery slope 

lan Chapman, chairman of ! 
Collins: bullishly optimistic — 
more so than some of his staff 

materialistic readers of their gar- 
dening lists. 

Penguin, under the dynamic 
leadership of an American worka- 
holic, Peter Mayer, seemed to have 
successfully adapted itself to the 
needs of the modern market-place 
without irredeemably compromis- 
ing .its high-minded traditions. (A 
new edition of Ulysses is worth a 
mass teller such as Lace.) Next 
week it moves into smart new 
Kensington offices with its various 
acquisitions: Viking (its hardback 
imprint). Hamish Hamilton. Mi- 
chael Joseph. Sphere. Rainbird. 
But all is not well. Despite its 
formidable tackUst, Penguin sales, 
in this country at least, have also 
dumped in the last six months. 
There are even rumours that its 

Carmen Callil of Chatto & 
Windus: admits bad returns 
despite success of Timothy Mo 

parent company* Pearson, are 
thinking of selling iu It is io be 
hoped that it is no presage that the 
new offices have been nicknamed 
“The Bastille". 

What has happened to the 
industry? When pressed, most 
publishers admit that they cannot 
fully explain the slump. This, of' 
course, does not stop them from 
Dying. Their lucky-dip of reasons, 
which vary greatly in their plausi- 
bility, include: a decline in retail 
trade as a whole: an increase in 
retail trade in goods other than 
books: the weather too bad in 
spring; the weather too good 
recently: no American tourists: 
Chernobyl; compact discs; unem- 
ployment; the encouragement of 
middlfrclas5 materialistic philistin- 

Tim Waferstone: has shown 
faith in the industry by rapid 
expansion of his chain of shops 

ism under Thatcherism: decline in 
education standards: too few 
strong lead titles early this yean too 
much emphasis on strong lead 
titles: the tack of a recent block- 
buster television series based on a 
book: far too many titles chasing 
loo little shelf space; libraries being 
more choosy: increased fussiness 
by booksellers who return a book 
as soon as they set eyes on it; the 
net book agreement which pre- 
vents competitive pricing:' the ab- 
sence of a new generation of 
brilliant writers: and. of course, the 
incompetence of other publishers. 

Such guesswork makes even the 
treacherous numeracy of market 
research appear less uninviting. 
Mintel have published this year a 
study of book retailing and another 

Peter Mayen has adapted ’ 
Penguin to modern needs without 
irredeemable compromise 

on leisure paperbacks. Their fig- 
ures. however, chart rather than 
explain decline: despite an increase 
in advertising, growth in real terms 
since 1983 has been only one per 
cent per annum: 21 per cent of their 
sample of ' 94! adults said they 
never bought books. 35 per cent 
that they’ have not bought a book in 
the last year. 

We are not a nation of biblio- 
philes. “How much do you think 
we spend .altogether on our librar- 
ies. public or private, as compared 
with what we spend on our 
horses?" complained that eminent 
Victorian John Ruskin. The same 
applies today. Nor do we have 
America's strength of intellectual 
fashion which makes certain books 
essential Yuppie furniture — read 

or unread. Garrison Keillor’s Lake 
ll'ofrcgon Days did remarkably 
well for Faber selling 14.500 copies 
in hardback. In America it sold 
well over a million. 

Everything in the industry is not. 
however, gloom and despondency. 
Sales of children's books are up. 
which bodes well for the future. 
BookseHers I haw spoken to have 
been less pessimistic than publish- 
ers. though lack of American 
tourists has bun certain shops. 
"Publishers are very un-Kipling- 
esque about keeping their heads", 
remarked Tim Waterstone. who 
has shown his faith in the industry 
by rapidly expanding his chain of 
large bookshops. Some publishers, 
though, are putting on a brave face. 
Peter Mayer is confident things will 
look up when his much stronger 
autumn list appears. Susan Fletch- 
er ofHeadline, which was launched 
only last week, believes that small 
overheads and a shamelessly com- 
mercial policy aimed mainly at 
women (who buy more books than 
men) is a recipe for success. Ian 
Chapman, chairman of Collins, 
which has more: than most applied 
business-school techniques to pub- 
lishing. is bulfishly optimistic. — 
more to than some of his staff... . 

Talk is one thing., results are 
another. If they seem to be silting a 
little smugly through the crisis at 
Faber's it is because sales, accord- 
ing to their marketing director. 
Desmond Oarke, are 23 per cent 
up on last year. Wisely they chose 
to show a strong hand in the spring 
rather than, as most publishers do. 
in the autumn. Clever promotion 
even pul two of their poetry books 
in the best-seller lists and now 
seems to be making an unlikely 
success of Vikram Seth's delightful 
Californian verse novel. The Gold- 
en Gate. Faber's have made some 
bad mistakes and have the cushion 
of the sales of their old masters, not 
to say a cut of Cats, but they have 
shown that enterprise and imagina- 
tion can still reap rewards. More 
than one rival editor even sang 
their praises to me — proof indeed 
that 1986 is an earth-shattering 
year for publishing. 


Family tradition enshrined in beauty 

Wigmore Hall 

Defining a nation's musical 
style and pinning it on one 
performer is a risky pastime. 
Bui. if one is listening to a 
violinist whose great-grandfa- 
ther was Dvorak,, whose 
grandfather was the composer 
Josef Suk and whose typical 
recital repertoire more or less 
surveys the history of his 
country's fiddle-playing tradi- 
tion. then one can be fairly 
certain one is hearing a quint- 
essential Czech musical 

eX The C presem-day Josef Suk 
never seems to tire of stroking 
his Stradivari us wistfully 


fiiiiidhaU School's 

L'Etoile” 1 W 1 
remarkable ume of . l 
You might say that its Clar is 

rising After ihe recent >"? 
succSsfal pud-** ■ ft 

ons. later transferred to me 
Paris Opera Comique a 

committed to di^com“th« 

English version g 

Jeremy Sams, directed 

Judd, and even by 
the students of the GuildhaH 
School of Music- It « u n- 
doubiedly a 
affair - though wo 
been done , by the scenery 
dSSnftnt - but it sparkles 

n U .1C 

through the dumkas and pol- 
kas of his beloved vlast. Some 
might regret that this pro- 
gramme avoided more search- 
ing fare: Suk has, after all, 
made classic recordings of 
Beig. Bartok and unaccompa- 
nied Bach. But the concert did 
include some classically 
poised Beethoven, outings for 
rare Dvorak and Martini 
pieces and a succession of 
lovingly delivered lollipops, 
generously extended by 20 
minutes of encores. 

The performance ot 
Beethoven’s Sonata in G, Op 
96, provided a good introduc- 
tion to Suk's general style. 
Though he favours the 19th- 
century repertoire, he is not a 
showy performer. A sense of 
restraint and objectivity is 

conveyed by his dear, light 
bowing technique with its 
characteristic separation of 
individual notes (even those 
taken on a single slur). His > 
intonation is impeccable, his 
timbre has the same silky 
quality from the G-string to 
the highest leger-Iines. If he 
has a weakness it is his 
occasionally lacklustre, un- 
even articulation of quick 
passageworfc, noticeable both ■ 
in the scherzo and finale here. 

There can be few better 
champions for Dvorak’s Sona- 
ta in F, Op 57, Suk unfolded 
its profuse lyricism in relaxed, 
unemphatic manner: the 
touch of rubato at the first 
movement's climax was all 
the more magical for being 
reserved until then. His pia- 

nist, Josef HAla, should per- 
haps have accentuated the 
finale's dance rhythms more 
jubilantly, - but elsewhere he 
was a sympathetic partner. 

Martino's Sonata No 2 elic- 
ited a remarkable change of 
mood from both men. Here 
they mixed spiky vivadty 
with Slavic ardour in response 
to this pithy yet passionate 

The miniatures that fol- 
lowed included the soulful 
Dumka written by the young 
Janacek and several potently 
evocative melodies by Suk the 
elder. Suk the younger lav- 
ished family pride, and the 
artistry of a master, on every 

Richard Morrison 


earn wit there is a great deal of 
subtlety in Chabrier's music 
which explains the admiration 
successors like Ravel, felt for 
iL The instrumentation, for 
one thing, is not MOT a 
matter of expedient oom-pah- 
pahs and bland ostmatos, but 
something calculated to the 
finest degree, while the com- 
poser also offers us a varied 
palette of tonal and harmonic 
colouring. Theatrically, too. 

there is teal finesse in the way 
Chabrier. balanca . comedy 
and sentiment, both tinged 
with a gentle malice; the one 
never stifles the other. 

But Chabrier clinches his 
triumph with his set pieces. 

Among the best is the Tickling 

gone in Act I. where Rachel 
Hal la well, plaving Aloes, the 
wflfe ofthe diplomat Hensson. 

makes a highly amusing 
would-be sex kitten as she and 
the princess Laoula apply the 
feather' duster to .the hero 
Lazuli’s nether regions in 
order supposedly to. arouse 
him — from slumber, that is. 

Then there is the infamous 
scene with the Torture Chair, 
where Chabrier manages to 
uncover a relish for the sado- 
masochistic in all of us. and 
later the delicious paean to 
green chartreuse (here for the 
purposes of English rhyme 
miraculously transformed 
into benedictine) offered by 
King Ouf and his astrologer 
Siroco as they console them- 
selves over what they believe 
to be their impending deaths. 

Of all the singers, Roisin 
McGibbon as lazuli (a 
breeches role) showed the 

greatest promise with her rich, 
powerful tone and confident 
technique. Elizabeth Rodger's 
Laoula was aptly girlish in 
both sound and gesture, while 
Robert Wilson as the ranting 
Ouf thoroughly enjoyed him- 
self as the villain, ad-libbing 
insults as he went along. 
Strong support came from 
Joseph Cornwell's bumbling 
Ambassador Herisson. from 
Simon Tun kin, dressed as the 
Mad Hatter, as Siroco and 
from Robert Poulton as Tapi- 
oca, Herisson's Harpo Marx- 
like secretary. 

Alexander Fans conducted 
the generally secure orchestra 
and a disciplined, if also fleet 
of Tool chorus. There are 
performances, with alternat- 
ing casts, until tomorrow. 

Stephen Pettitt 

London debuts 

Balanced purpose 

Cynthia Phelps, the American 
winner of the Lionel Tertis 
International Viola Competi- 
tion in the Isle of Man two 
years ago, shared her pro- 
gramme with a no less talent- 
ed pianist in Kirsten Taylor, 
both graduates from the Uni- 
versity of Michigan. They 
combined to balanced pur- 
pose in the romantically rhap- 
sodic Concertpiece by Enesco. 
with its almost Elgariaa turn 
of phrase, and in the strong 
lyrical line but sometimes 
heavy weather of Hindemith's 
equally romantic early Sonata. 

Bach’s G minor Sonata. 
BWVI029. transcribes much 
less well to a modern key- 
board. which frequently sub- 
merged the string writing 
(originally for viola da gam- 
ba). bui the warmth of lone as 
well as flexibility of phrase in 
Beethoven's variations on a 
iheme from The Magic Flute 
(the “Bei Mannem” duet) 
comprised an affecting perfor- 
mance. Beneath the unassum- 
ing platform manner of both 
artists was a skill and sensitiv- 
ity ihal should ensure them 
continuing success. 

Plumbing the lowest string 
register with a sweet-voiced 
Guadagnini double bass of 
] 767 that sounded almost like 
a bassoon. Jeff Bradetich 
from ihe USA’s Northwestern 
University was a fluent and 
masterly advocate for its rep- 
ertory in association with his 
pianist wife. Judi Sockey 
Bradeiich. The sonorous keen- 
ing of Bloch's Meditation 
hehraique at this extremity of 
timbre contrasted vividly with 
the vaudevillian humour of 
genre studies in Croquis. a 
suite by Serge Lancen. 

The players also introduced 
here the three-movement 
Suite composed for them by 
Leo B. Eylar III. in which 
lyrical movements like the 
opening “Lament” alternated 
with more virtuoso writing to' 
encompass the widest range of 
the string bass as well as 
requiring a skilful control of 
technique. Any remaining 
gaps in that were more than 
covered in Bottesini’s Varia- 
tions on “Carnival of Venice", 
which perhaps should cany a 
Government health warning 
against possible injurious 

Noel Goodwin 

The harpsichordist David 
Pousford, who is well known 
as an organist and choral 
conductor, was perhaps un- 
wise to include a new work for 
the medium, Andrew Wilson- 
Dickson's Oriel . in his varied 
recital. The instrument is 
notoriously difficult to write 
for in contemporary idioms 
and, heartfelt though Wilson- 
Dickson's. long cycle, of por- 
traits depicting his children — 
he has a laflje family — was. it 
seemed to have little formal 
cohesion and the ideas them- 
selves were not very imagina- 
tive or inspired. 

In contrast, in a work like 
Bach'3 Sixth Partita in £ 
minor. Ponsford was on more 
solid ground. Although he 
could not show quite the same 
interpretative class as. say, 
Trevor Pinnock. his was nev- 
ertheless a thoroughly musi- 
cal. carefully considered and 
commendably - accurate 

Stephen Pettitt 


Travelling Light 

After her years as a leading 
performer in the internation- 
ally famous Wuppertal Dance 
Theatre, it would be surprising 
and even disappointing if 
Meryl Tankard's own produc- 
tions bore no resemblance to 
those of her director there. 
Prna Bausch. Travelling Light 
is her second show and it 
reveals the Bausch influence 
both in genera! concept and in 
many details. 

But Tankard, who once 
memorably defined her native 
land as being famous for 
■‘Kangaroos! Boomerangs!! 
and Me!!!”, speaks Bausch's 
theatrical language with a 
strong Australian accent. Her 
cast consists of four husky 
chaps and herself, and her 
subject is a characteristically 
Antipodean one. the trials of 
travelling: trials exacerbated, 
they imply, if you are 

The treatment is an episodic ■ 
mixture of talking, move- 
menu song and dance. It 
would be difficult io belter her;, 
own description of it as dance 
theatre cabaret. In that last 
word lies her main difference 
from Bausch; Tankard's piece 
is lighter, smaller-scaled, less 
far ranging and intense.. 

Passport and customs con- 
trol. souvenirs and suitable 
clothing, insects, wild beasts 
and comfortable journeys, 
cramped quarters, ihe prob- 
lems of language, the lure of 
sun. sea and sex. the horror of 
holiday snapshots, all come 
under her stem but comic 
gaze. She plays one of nature's 
resilient though terrified los- 
ers: the girl who has to sit on 

her case before it will lock, the 
one whose earnest lecture in 
Esperanto on the benefits of 
that artifical longue is inter- 
rupted by hoarse demands for 
a strip-tease. 

The supporting team is 
relaxed, charming and infi- 
nitely adroit. They join enthu- 
siastically in all her 
misadventures and some of 
their own. their ardour not 
least marked when the star 
sends herself up in a final 
apotheosis as a conventional 
cabaret star. A very cool 
entertainment fe^ a hot July 


The Races are 
rained off. . 
and someone’s 
lost the 
playing cards! 


A Comedy Musical 

■“A winner all the way” 

Jeck Tmker. OaHy Mail 



Panton Street London SW1 
Hal: 01 -9305878 
1C-C- 01-741 99991 


tjOl 240 7300 


start to 

Continued from page 1 

conference before Sir 
Geoffrey's arrival. 

He said he had agreed to see , 
Sir Geoffrey on the ground j 
that he was an emmissary of 
the EEC. and not of Britain's 
Conservative Government. 

“The EEC needs to be told 
what we have told the British 
Government, and this is why I 
am seeing him," the President 

After their talks at State 
House. Sir Geoffrey and Presi- 
dent Kaunda faced the press 
over a long wooden table. 

President Kaunda spent 
much of the time with his 
head in his hands. He ap- 
peared close to tears as he 
spoke of the impending 
“holocaust” of racial confla- 
gration spreading from South 

“We appeal to you that you 
do not lead us to conclude that 
when it is a white man 
suffering, you act, but when it 
is a black man suffering, you 
hesitate,” President Kaunda 

He appealed to West Euro- 
pean nations to stop hesitating 
and “fight the Nazis now on 
the continent of Africa.” 

Sir Geoffrey repeated the 
view that it was an “illusion” 
that South Africa would 
quickly be toppled by compre- 
hensive economic sanctions. 

West Europeans— and Brit- 
ain in particular — differed 
with African nations only over 
the methods to bring about an 
end to apartheid. Sir Geoffrey 

He added that South Africa 
should be given credit for its 
steps to dismantle apartheid, 
although these were too slow. 

Later, at Harare airport. Sir 
Geoffrey was met correctly by 
Dr Witness Mangwende, the 
Foreign Minister of 

As Sir Geoffrey drove away, 
his car flashed past a group of 
five protesters asking him to 
“Help us to free" young South 
Africans arrested on Monday 
in South Africa after attending 
a World Council of Churches 
youth congress here. 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh give a garden party, 
Buckingham Palace, 4. 

Prince Andrew views an ex- 
hibition of his photographs. 
Royal Albert HaJI.SW7, 12. 

Princess Margaret visits 
Vancouver, British Columbia. 
Canada, departs Heathrow Air- 
port, 3 .20. 

The Duke and Duchess of 
Gloucester attend the Green 
Heritage Ball. Osteriey Park 
House, Osteriey Park, Middle- 
sex. 8.30. 

The Duke of Kent, President, 
attends The Duke of York’s 
Royal Military School's grand 
day, Dover, 10.50. 

Princess Alexandra attends 
the European charity premiere 
of the The Colour Purple, in aid 
of the Hospitals for Sick Chil- 
dren. Great Ormond Street and 
the Variety Gub of Great 

. .. * . 

Malcolm Broster heads a reconnaissance team preparing for the decontamination of Gruinard Island (PbotographsrTom Kidd). 

A small island off the west 
coast of Scotland will be the 
focus of attention over coming 
months for a gronp of scien- 
tists from the Chemical De- 
fence Establishment at Poitou 
Down, Salisbury, Wiltshire, 
and a company of “environ- 
mental cleaners”. 

Their task is to make sale 
Gruinard, an island nestling 
dose to the mainland in a bay 
SO miles west of Inverness, 
where 44 years ago British 
research into biological war- 
fare led to the explosion of a 
bomb containing anthrax 

Since then, the island has 
remained out of bounds, its 
only visitors scientists collect- 
ing soil samples, and two local 
men, Mr Stewart Flett and Mr 
Alan Flett, his brother, whose 
job it has been to row across 
each year and change the date 
of die warning signs that are 
placed at regular intervals on 
the shore. 

Now, thanks to unproved 
methods of detection and the 
development of a technique to 

Britain- The Empire, Leicester 

. Sq, 735, 

Prince Michael of Kent visits 
the offices and attends a council 
meeting of the Soldiers’, Sailors' 
and Airmen's Families Associ- 
ation, 16-1 8 Old Queen St, SWl, 

New exhibitions 
Work by members of the 
Norwich Embroiderers Guild; 
Bfadrfriars Hall, St Andrews 
Plain. Norwich: today and to- 
morrow 10 to 7, Sat 10 to 5 
(ends July 12). 

Exhibitions in progress 
Works by James MacKeown: 
Phoenix Gallery, Lavenham; 
Mon to Fri 10 lo 5.30, Sal 10 lo 
6. Sun 2 to 6 (ends July 28). 

Lancashire South of the 
Sands: rural landscapes; Atkin- 
son An Gallery, Lord St, South- , 
port; Mon to Fri 10 to 5. Thurs 
and Sat 10 to I (ends July 26). 

Primary School Art; Museum 
and Art Gallery, Lichfield St, 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,094 


] Old Greek leader is in pain, 
suffering internally (8). 

5 Scene of miracle of our 
time, back in America (6). 

8 Trimmer with a stretch to 
complete (4-6). 

9 Import base design (4). 

10 Gaining accommodation 
from financial bodies (8,6). 

11 Such a shock for Trisco in 

. ’06(7). 

13 Upset at press spreads (7). 

15 Great sport for the guns 

18 You could make a pound on 
the exchange rale in 5 ac(7). _ 

21 Tetragram in vulgar use (4-' 

22 Toughness undesirable in 
machinery (4). 

23 Publication of a heresy by 
Puseyite? (10). 

24 Made reparation in agree- 
ment with Dutch leader (6). 

25 Call for military rising (8). 


1 Addison, according to Pope, 
could be Greek to you and 

• me (7). 

2 Dishonourable racket on the 
Stock Exchange? (9). 

3 Passion and spirit - the life 
of our governments! (7). 

4 Pacific republic with Pole in 
charge (7). 

5 Material point concealed by 
the young Napoleon (9). 

6 Plant raising lop-quality 
seed (7). 

7 Absolutely boring games of 
tennis (4,3). 

12 Being victimized after I'm 
mamed led to a breakdown 

14 No end of tailors are in- 
volved in the making of 
men's suits (9). 

16 Mortification of the flesh? 
Actually, that's about right 

17 Greedy beasiput on weight 
after excess (7). 

18 Case for man with a mis- 
sion? (7). 

19 Heat some chocolate at the 
right time (7). 

20 Pedestrian-style article on 
Italian poet (7). 

Sotothm to Puzzle No 17.093 

in 13 E H (’ ® E H 
aaiSIlR i!Sls@E31SBI5E 
■Kansarniecia • ;=!3HEn 

n n o s is ge 

s lit n ra ra y 


m' ra e e mja 

[ ® rs nan ns- re 
n -n • is ■ is 0JS 

destroy the spores, the scien- 
tists believe that they can 
make Gruinard safe for sheep 
and humans alike. 

They say that there are two 
.areas of the 520-acre Island 
may be contaminated: the 
site or the explosion and the 
ground where the sheep under 
observation were tethered. 

Using a mixture of formal- 
dehyde and sea-water, 
Langnaid, a company special- 
izing in weed control and 
fumigation, has established an 
irrigation scheme covering the 
11 acres that make op the two 
sites. The earth will be satu- 
rated to a depth of just over a 

cells of any active 
spores remaining in the soil 
wfll effectively be surrounded 
by a chemical coffin,” a scien- 
tist told a group of journalists 
who this week formed the 
largest group to visit the island 
since the experiment. 

The process will take about 
two weeks. Gruinard wfll then 
be monitored till next spring 
when independent scientists 

tJmwi s cotit&m® 

M- • ‘ S'J ii£ m;:#* : diiofii*' 

One of the warning signs that surround the island 

will be asked to deliver their 
verdict on its safety. 

For the community scat- 
tered on farms around die bay, 
the whole event is of little 
significance. Their own fishing 
and farming have been unaf- 

fected. But one benefit that 
may emerge from the exercise 
is that other areas in Britain 
where outbreaks of the disease 
have nrined fanning land 
could be reclaimed using the' 
same process. 

Attack on 
loss of 
jury rights 

Continued from page 1 ! 

had offered a “powerful and ! 
conclusive critique against the j 
principle of the" system”. The- i 
proposals would restore the | 
confidence and integrity of the 
jury system. 

Mr Hutd said he did not 
share the distrust of some 
Conservative MPs of the jury 
system but the Government’s 
move would remove distor- 
tion on juries which people 
had been worried about Mr 
Hurd said: “It seems wrong in 
principle and offensive to 
those concerned that jurors 
should be removed without 
reasons being given.” 

Hello? . . . Click. Hello . is 
that?. .Click. Hello, I'm just 
ringing to. . . Gick. 

Hungary is the birthplace 
of the Rubik cube, the col- 
oured puzzle that demands 
the patience of Job. The 
statistical chances of solving 
it. of aligning every facet and 
every colour, are about equal 
to the chances ever of obtain- 
ing a satisfactory telephone 

In pursuit of The Times 
foreign desk last week I found 
myself talking to BaJogh 
Swimwear (a boutique, in 
downtown Budapest), an 
irate resident of Croydon and 
a man with a light Austrian 
accent, absolutely charming. 

It seems odd that. Buda- 
pest, a capital that is largely 
constructed on conversation, 
should be so backward in die 
development of its' phone 
system. Quite apart from 
anything else, the incessant 
broken lines and surreal in- 
terruptions is a handicap to 
trade. Austria is Hungary’s 
biggest Western trading part- 
ner, a natural export market 
so dose lo the . border — a 
short trip up the Danube — 
but orders transmitted -to or 
received from Vienna be- 
come a shouted gabble. 

Two businessmen were re- 
cently trying to work out the 
details of a minor piece of 
barter trade and the ex- 
change. as reported by one of 
them went as follows; “Stock- 
ings, 3,000 pairs. . . Whaidid 
you say? Drainage pumps? 

. . . No, stockings— switching 
from German to English — 
stockings . . . Stock? You're 
selling your stock? . . . No, 
stockings.” One gets the 

For some years now Buda- 
pest has been trying to over- 
haul its phone system, if 
system is the word. First it : 
contacted an American con- 
tractor who was willing to sell 
a modem, sophisticated auto- 
matic exchange. 

But the plan' foundered in 
the bog or East-West com- 
mercial relations: the ex- 
change was on the Cocom 
list, the catalogue of high 
technology drawn up by Nato 
and some other Western . 
countries to restrict the ex- 
port of sensitive material to 
communist states. The Amer- 


Walsall; Mon to Fri I0to6, Sat 
10 to 4.45 (ends July 19). 

Concert by. the Halle Or- 
chestra, Greater Manchester Ex- 
hibition and Event Centre, 
Manchester, 7.30. 

Concert by the Berlin Oboe 
Quartet, Belton House, near 
Grantham. Lines. 7.30. 

Song redial by William Ken- 
dall; Old Synagogue, Canter- 
bury, 4.30. 

Burton Bradstock Festival, 
Concert by the Winchester Col- 
lege Chapel Choir. St Mary’s 
Church. Barton Bradstock, Dor- 
set 7.30. 

Hexham Abbey Festival: Re- 
dial by Martin Hughes (violin), 
Ronald Woodley (clarinet) and 
David Murray (piano). Queen's 
Hall Library. Hexham. 1: Con- 
cert by the Northumberland 
Schools Symphony Orchestra, 
Hexham Abbey. 8. 

Handel in Oxford Festival: 
Water Music by the English 
Concert; Sbeldonian Theatre, 
Oxford. 8. 

Concert by the Chamber Or- 
chestra of Europe, Lichfield 
Cathedral. 8. 


Brighton Antiques Fair. Corn 
Exchange, Royal Pavilion 
Grounds, Brighton, today. Sat 
and Sun 1 1 to 6, tomorrow 1 1 to 
9 (ends July 13). 


Births: John Calvin, Noyan 
Picardy, 1509; Frederick Mar- 
ryat novelist, author of Mr 
Midshipman Easy . London, 
1792: Camille Pissaro. St 
Thomas, West Indies, 1830: 
Marcel Proust Paris, 1871. 

Deaths: William 1 The Silent 
Prince of Orange, leader of the 
revolt in The Netherlands 
against Spanish Rule, assas- 
sinated, Delft, 1 584; George 
Stubbs, animal painter, Lon- 
don. 1806; Louis Daguerre, 
pioneer of photography. Bry- 
sur- Marne. 1851. 

| The Halifax House Price Index 








prices ctaoge% 


























Quarter 1 







Quarter 2 




































































































Average regional prices 2nd quarter— 

Index 1983-100 








pricaC ebangeX 


price £ 









Yorkshire & 














East Midlands 

124 a 






West Midlands 







East Anglia 














South East 







Gtr London 





















N Ireland 







Sousa: HmaEUUbaSocmr 



A ridge of high pressure over 
Biscay and tow pressure over 
Scandinavia win be main- 
tained. A warm front is expect- 
ed to be almost stationary from 
SE England to Northern 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE England, East Angfltt 
Ooudy with a StUe rain at first, sunny 
intervals (tevetopmg: wind W fight; max 
temp 21C (70F). _ 


i = "it , ; w «,r!h Mp 

Central S, SW England, MUanda, 
Charnel Wanda, S WbSk Batfwr ctour* 
with sunny intervals developing; wind w 
fighj. occasionally mudante; max temp 

E,*caifcal N, IE England, Barden. 
Ed in burgh, Dundee: Sumy taterwl p 
wind W or NW Baht max tamp 20C (68F). 

N Wales, NW England, Lain Okm Jet, 
isle of Mam Ratiwr cloudy with a Me rain 
fn places dying out; wind W fight max 

"Tiljnntnnn. Moray firth, NE forwen t- 
Sonny Intervals; wind NW fight; max tamp 
17C (63R. 

SW Scotland, Glasgow, Arm* Rather 

doudyjnosthr dryat first a Rate rain In 
places Mw: wind w backing SW fight or 
moderate; max temp 18C (64FV 
Cantral Highlands, NW Scotland, Ork- 
ney: Battier cloudy, showers dying out 
wmd W fight or moderate backing SW; 
max temp 16C (61 F). 

Shetland: Rather cl 

Books — paperback 

The Literary Editor's selection of Interesting books published this week: 

A Day in Summer, by J.L Carr (Hogarth, £3.95) 

An Excellent Mystery, by Effis Peters (Future, £1-95) 

Head to Toe. by Joe Orton (Methuen, £3-50) _ 

the Salmon, by Henry Williamson, illustrated by C.F. Turmidiffe 
(Faber, £3.95) 

The Dead Moon, by Kevin Crossley-HoJIand. illustrated by Shirley Fefts 
(Faber, £395) _ , . _ _ 

Listen to Your Child. A Parent's Gufde to Children s Language, by David 
Crystal (Penguin. £335) 

The Spansh Cockpit, by Firanz Borkenau (Pluto, £4.95) . 

The Theatre of Meyertuid. Revolution on the Modem Stage, by Edward 
Braun (Methuen, £9-95) 

Undying Passion. Men, Wbmen, love, Sex, and the Literary Lite, by 
Joseph R. Orgel (Futura, £3.95) _ _ . . _ 

Shetland: Rather cloudy, showers; wind 
NW moderate becoming fight; max temp 
*12C (54F). 

Northern Intend: Rather. doudyjl BBe 
rain in places becoming more persistent 
later; wind W backing SW fight or 
moderate; max temp 1BC (64F). 

Outlook lor tomorrow and Saturday: 
Rather cloudy with a Rttte rain in most 
places. Temperatures near or a Ittlte 
bekw normal. 

Sunrises: Sunsets: 
455 am 9.16 pm 

MoanriMs: Moon sets: 

758 am 1152 pm 

First quarter. Jiiy 14 

Joseph R. Orgel (Future, £3.9 
W.B. Yeats, by Micheal Mat 
Hudson Literary Lives, £355) 

air and Eavan Boland (Thames & 

Lighting-Dp time 

High Tides 

cloudy: Mnnnst f-log: , r 

hail: mMt-mtec r-rain: s-snow: ih- 
Uiundmlorm: p-showers. 

Arroyo, 5*; S’* wjrw direction, wind 
speed <rnph) circled. Temperature 



B37— 1254 

Wr a c o mfae 

Liverpool . 

Lowestoft 1252 

Margate 249 

NMord Haven 955 

Newquay 756 

Oban 8.45 

Penzance ‘ 7.42 

Portland 957 

Portsmouth 1.57 

Stwetiam 1.42 

Souttaunpton 153 

Swansea 9.15 

Taw 6J20 

WTtOn-on-Ni* Z28 









































































. 65 920 65 

6.3 Ml 65 
35 8.38 3J 
4.8 750 -.512 

1.7 959 19 

4J2 251 42 

5.7 2.16 55 

42 156 42 
a4 027 85 

5.1 654 45 

■as 257 35 

Tide measorad in metres: 1oac3JM08tt. 

Around Britain 

London 9/46 pm to 426 am 
Bristol 956 pm to 456 am 
Edinburgh 1025 pm to 412 am 
Ma nc he ster 10.06 pm to 424 air 
Pe n z a nce 10.01 pm to 454 am 

Sun Rate 
hra in 

'Scarboro a9 .10 

Bndfiroton as .14 

Cramer 75 .09 

Lo w es t o f t 72 .12 

Clacton 35 

Southend - .02 

The pound 

Rx'. i 


Temperatures at midday yesterday: c. 
cloud: f. tat; r. rain: s, sun. . 

C F C F 

Belfast r 1355 Guernsey s 1559 
B'mjgham f 18S4 Inverness 1 1559 
Blackpool c 1457 J er sey s 1864 
Bristol f 1864 Loodon C 1966 
Canflff 11864 HPBchsSar C 1659 
Edinburgh c 14 57 Newcastle f166l 
Glasgow c 1254 R'nktsway r1457 

Pollen count 

The pollen count for. London 
and the South-east issued by the 
Asthma Research Council at 10 
am yesterday was 36 (high). 
Forecast for today, similar. For 
today's recording call British 
Telecom’s Weatheriine: 01-246 
809 1 . which is updated each day 
at 10.30 am. 

Parliament today 

Commons (230): Debate on 
EEC budget European Com- 
munities (Amendment) Bill, 
completion of remainiira stages. 

Lords (3): Building Societies 
Bill, committee stage. 

Tower Bridge 

Tower Bridge will be raised 
today at 2.30pm. 7.30pm and 
1 0.1 5pm 






SeiSy fates 



Sun Rain 
hns in 

Hrecunto 65 57 
sunny B’poolAapt €5 
showers Morecambe 7.0 
dCUdy Douglas 75 53 
23™" BMQJtND 

BTamAirpt 2.7 .03 
Sg" mstoKCOQ 7.1 51 
Caritsle 65 .17 
lihM London 65 .01 
Ma nches te r - 39 91 


sunny WALES 
bright - Angtesay 4A .04 
brtgM CanRff (Ctd) 65 98 
ewuriy CotwynBay . 39. .02 
bright Tenby 32 .02 
Abordaan 10.7 95 
SSSSr Etenhurgh 105 - 

Eakdatauwe- 6.1 - 

Oasanw. • 9.7 97 

KWo»* 85 .06 
Larwick 45 96 
Prestwick -119 .13 
Stornoway 127 99 
SSJi Tirao 102 ’ - 

S5? 8-3 

Bottast 92 98 


n ore Tuesday's figures 

C F 

17 63 sonny 

16 61 bright 

17 63 bright 
15 59 sunny 

20 68 sfww nra 
20 68 bright- ' 
19 66 bright 
22 72 bright 
17 63 aimy 

17 63 showers 
19 66 showers 

16. 81 odn 
.19 66 rate ' 

15 59 cloudy. 

18 64 douajf 

15 59 showore 

19 66 sunny 

16 61 bright 
18 64 sunny 
15 59 showers 

12 54 showers 
16- 61 sunny 
15 59 showers 

15 59 sunny 

13 55 sh owers 

16 81 -sunny 

Atecdo s 
Akratiri e 
Atearttote s 
Algiers s 
Amat'dm 8 

Abroad - 

c. Cloud: d. (State; f. hdr. 1&. log: r. rake e, sun; an, snoar, t ttxnier. 

C F C F ' C F C- F 

25 J7 Ootogne c 17 63 Mafcace . s 29 84 Rohm s 26 79 

27 81 Cphagn I 15 59 fiS^a ■ S 25 77 Satzfcurg r 64 

29 64 Corfu S 29 84 Malta 5 28 82 SPriacS- » 18 64 

lair j 

29 84 Onfafin r 74 57 IMhVne Santtego* 

18 64 DutaravnBc S 25 77 Mexico C* f 18 64 SPaulo: 

29 84 Fko s 23 73 MamT f 30 88 ^aoul 

35100 rtorence 9 27 81 fiHBn ( 25 77 Stegtev 

_ ^ Pnmfc&rt c 17 63 MontraaT s 25 79 S*3i5m 

23 73 Funchal s 21 .70 W uac e u r. c 25 77 Staab’n 

Geneva c 19 66 W o n lcfa .. 1 16 61 Sydney 

23 73 Anctal 
_ Geneva 

21 70 GKxafter' 1 23 73 Nairobi 
17 63 Heteinid f 21 70 ttptai 
2 84 HoagK 9 32 90 NM 
20 68 Inreifi* f 17 63 N YoriC 

c 9 48 
d IS 59 
3 27 81 
f 31 68 
r 17 83 
f 19 66 

Concise crossword page 

B Aires* 





. ... 9 32 90 NOftel 

ffleeteaJrtk f 17 63 N Yorif 
23 73 tetanbte s 25 77 Me* 

18 64 jetMah s 381 00 Oslo - 

19 68 jotturg* a 15 59 Parte 
H 70 KaradS* f 33 91 Peking 

• L Patmss C 22 72 Perth 
95 tisbon s 24 75 Pragu 

17 ® Locarno f 24 75 
» 73 L Angats* s 22 72 Rhode* 
28 92 Luxembg f 17 63 Mo de J 
7 « I Madrid- a 3S 95 Riyadh 

-re w row m B AJ 33 nTf«l 9 •Hill £1 

ritewe* Tuesday’s figure* are loteetsvafitete 

1 16 61 Sydney : 
f 23 73 aimtor f 25 77 
8 27 81 TeSvte ..> 30 86. 
t 29 84 Tanorite «-25 77 
S 31 88 Tokyo- _ c-27 81 
e 25 17. Toronto t 25 77 
1 17 93 Tunis * 32 00 
c 17 83 Vale nci a f 28 82 
c S 77 VaneVar J -17 63 
f 14 57 Voteoo . .-*24 75 
f. 19 66 Vienna "e 18 6C 

1 10 50 woreaw -f.20 58 

ft 27 81 Woshton* s 36 95 
s 18 84 Wefaton - T 7 45 
S 44111 Zurich t 16 ffl 

icans said that the system was 
too sophisticated for the 
needs of Budapest and could 
have ra Hilary application. 

Hello? is- that the:US Em- 
bassy?. . . Hello ?. . . Click. 

So, the -Hungarians are 
going about the matter differ- 
ently. They will modernize 
gradually, put up new cables, 
buy in some modest equip- 
ment. But ' before anything ! 
more ambitious can be con- 
sidered, they have to raise 

.' This. is where the Hungar- 
ian Stock. Exchange, unique 
for . Eastern Europe,- comes 
into play. Stock Exchange is 
too grand a term for what is 

Budapest (Reuter) »» Hun- 
gary's Post Office temporar- 
ily banned work in manholes 
— delaying the repair, of 
27,000 telephones - after a 
worker died of carbon diox- 
ide poisoning, the ' official 
news agency MTI said. -. 

actually a room, a handful of 
bright young people, and a 
computer in a corner of the 
.State Development Bank. 

The original idea was- to 
absorb money that was 
tucked away under mattress- 
es and to encourage enter- 
prises to . raise their own 
tunds. Since Jane IS the 
Hungarian Tost Office has 
been issuing new bonds with 
an average annual, interest of 
around itjper.cent to drum 
up the 800 liiifli ori forints 
(£12 million) " it needs to 
revamp the telephone 

Ari added bait for subscrib- 
ers: they will be able to jump 
the lon^ waiting list for the 
.installation -of telephones. 
This is a great, boon for 
Hungarians who. are impas- 
sioned . house, builders. ' Al- 
most three million of the 3.8 
million dwellings in Hungary 
are privately owned, and with 
some 75,000new homes built 
eyery year there is a huge 
-demand ,for new tdqihones. 

' There is expected to' be a 
rush on the hew phone bonds. 
It's just a matter of phoning 

Hello?. 'Is that the State 
Development Bank, slocks de- 
partment? ... Hello? ... 
Hello, is anybody there?.. . 

Roger Boyes 


i * 

prison out ■- 

i ilht ^ 

Sts up 

iilend ris 

Wai plan 

^ f Paid off 

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< T 


•»' n#»c 

business and finance 





r t- : \ &£%. 


' ' A-- * 




*' r ** 

Executive Editor 
Kenneth FIp.m 


FT 30 Share 

1331.5 (+13.8) 

FT-SE 100 

1614.6 (+15.6) 


US Dollar 
1.5250 (-0.0085) 

W German marie 
3.3313 (-0.0122) 
75.5 (-0.4) 

Gilts rally 
after fall 

The gilts market staged a 
spirited rally yesterday after- 
noon to end little changed on 
the day following falls of up to 
a full pound in the morning. 

Dealers said gilts continued 1 
their bearish irend in early 
business despite Tuesday's | 
. sharp falls. However, prices j 
' recovered and by the end of , 
trading most bonds were only 
1/16 to 1/8 point lower. 

Equities also recovered in 
quiet trading after Tuesday's 
record losses which saw more 
than £5 billion wiped off share 
values. The FT-SE 100 share 
index, which lost 32 points on 
Tuesday, rose steadily to end 
15.6 points higher at 1614.6. 

Harrison offer 

Hill Samuel is bringing 
Harrison Industries, industri- 
al doors - manufacturer, to 
market through an offer for 
sale of 3.3 million shares at 
1 50p each, valuing the compa- 
ny at £17.6 million. The 
application list opens on 
Wednesday July 16. 

Tempos, page 26 

Lloyd’s ahead 

A preliminary survey by the 
Association of Lloyd's Mem- 
bers of 90 per cent of Lloyd's 
syndicates indicates a profit of 
£139 million for the 1983 year 
of account,, compared with 
£95 million for 1982. Howev- 
er, the results do not include 
some of the large fossmaJring 
syndicates such as PCW.. * 

Profits up 

Associated Newspapers, 
publishers of th t. Daily Mail 
and the Mai! on Sunday, lifted 
pretax profits from £16.4 mil- 
lion to £19.2 million in the six- 
months to March 31. Turn- 
over rose from £205 million to 
£259 million with. The inter- 
im dividend is 1.5p, up from 
I.38pL Tempos, page 26 

Dividend rise 

Birmingham Mint, the coin- 
age and military uniform 
manufacturer, lifted profits 
from £957,000 to £1.63 mil- 
lion before tax in the year to 
March 29. Turnover rose from 
£23.5 million to £26.9 million. 
Hie di vidend is up from 5. 75p 
to 6_25p. Tempos, page 26 

Disposal plan 

Tricentrol is close to arrang- 
ing the disposal of 75 per cent 
of its North American oil and 
gas interests for £53 million. 
This will reduce its borrow- 
ings 10 just over £90 million. 

Chief paid off 

Mr Bill Snowdon, a former 
director of Pilkington Broth- 
ers, with responsibility for the 
fibreglass business, was paid. 
£139,000 in compensation for 
loss of office, when he took 
early retirement last Septem- 

CBI steps up 
drive to 
curb pay rises 

By Edward Townsend Industrial Correspondent 

The Confederation of Brit- 
ish Industry yesterday threw 
down a challenge to employ- 
ers, workers, trade unions and 
the Government to join forces 
in a campaign for lower pay 
settlements in the coming 12 

Sir Terence Beckett, the 
director general, told the 
monthly meeting of the Na- 
tional Economic Develop- 
ment Council that with 
earnings in manufacturing ris- 
ing at 8 per cent a year, there 
was "precious little national 
awareness of the need to make 
a further step change down- 
wards in settlements right 

And in an address to the 
tripartite council that marks a 
significant intensification of 
I the CBI's drive for lower wage 
deals. Sir Terence gave warn- 
ing that if rises (fid not come 
down considerably, more jobs 
would be lost 
Mr Nigel Lawson, the 
Chancellor and NEDC chair- 
man. is to present his green 
paper on profit-related pay 
schemes within the next few 
days. And in his carefully 
timed comments. Sir Terence 
made clear that, while the CBI 


(annual % change, 
latest avaHabie) 

wanted to encourage the basic 
concept, profitability in man- 
ufacturing and service indus- 
tries was well below that of 

Mr Lawson wants up to 20 
per cent of a worker's pay tied 
to his company’s profitability. 

Sir Terence said the milking 
of profits 10 increase pay was 
the conventional escape route 
on relating pay to perfor- 
mance but a high-perfor- 
mance. high-reward economy 
depended upon the attractive- 
ness of investing in Britain. 

The escape route on unem- 
ployment was to claim it could 
be solved by more demand. 
But there was plenty of de- 
mand in the country and 
abroad. Britain's lack of cost 
competitiveness was behind 
increasing imports and 
industry's declining share of 
world markets. 

Government, unions and 
employers should share the 
objectives of a high-perfor- 
mance, high-reward economy 
and lower unemployment. 

There was now a "unique 
window of opportunity”on 
pay. Inflation was at its lowest 
since the 1960s and, after 
taking account of tax changes. 

W Germany 



I ./-” 

$ • 

I 05 2.3 2.7 AS 

No change 
inBT fee . 

By Alison Eadie 

Professor Bryan Carsberg, 
director general of Oftel, the 
government watchdog for the 
telecommunications industry, 
said yesterday that he would 
not be seeking a licence modi- 
fication to achieve fine tuning 
of British Telecom's pricing 
structure. . 

Speaking at the City Uni- 
versity Business School Pro- 
fessor Carsberg said a change 
would be desirable only if 
price levels were exorbitant 
and excess profits had arisen 
because of unexpected 
changes in the environment, 
rather than BTs good perfor- 
mance. “I have not yet seen 
any convincing evidence that 
these conditions are met," he 

He also said there was no 
basis for believing that prices 1 
10 domestic consumers bad 
reached a level above that 
justified by cost Returning to 
a theme in his annual report. 
Professor Carsberg said he saw 
no need for an early change to 
a price control formula mak- 
ing explicit allowances for 

On the subject of interna- 
tional competition, he said he 
would have to ensure that 
monopoly operators in other 
countries were not able to take 
advantage of the competition 
between BT and Mercury to 
the detriment of British users. 
He added that he expected BT 
to compete fairly with Mercu- 
ry, so domestic consumers 
would not be disadvantaged. 


6.4 &D 

the increase in pay needed to 
keep living standards at the 
level of 12 months ago was 
less than 1 per 'cent. 

Presenting a paper to the 
council on employment costs 
and competitiveness, showing 
that Britain was still well out 
of step with major interna- 
tional competitors. Sir Ter- 
ence said: **We believe we 
should heighten our national 
perception of the prospect of a 
high real reward, high-perfor- 
mance economy, but in any 
plans we make we must insist 
the performance precedes the 

Following consultations 
with members, the CBI was 
proposing a campaign on pay 
at four levels - national with 
employers and trade associa- 
tions, regional, and in individ- 
ual companies. 

It would not set a pay norm 
because more variety and 
diversity was needed in settle- 
ments to encourage people to 
acquire skills, increase mobil- 
ity and make a more effective 
contribution to their 
company's and iheir own 
prosperity. „ 

The CBI paper, reporting 
the preliminary findings of 
two new surveys of companies 
on earnings and general em- 
ployment costs, concluded 
that company profits had 
improved from "appalling 
levels” and many manage- 
ments wished this to be re- 
flected in workers' pay. But 
flexibility must be preserved, 
against a downturn, so the cost 
must not be built permanently 
into pay structures. 

Crucially, it said, low infla- 
tion gave the opportunity to 
abandon the tradition of auto- 
matic annual pay awards. 

system ‘costly 
and restrictive’ 

By Lawrence Lever 

•••'? \ a* 

X ' \I 

'.f;-'". .• 'I ' 


• . • 

i' r;- v 

■ ■ • v 

• • 

Sir Kenneth: He pots running costs at £6 million a year. 

The price of self regulation 
is not going to come cheap, 
according to figures unveiled 
yesterday by the Securities 
and Investments Board, the 
investment watchdog under 
the Financial Services Bill 

To get the SIB operational 
will cost an estimated £7 
million, while its annual run- 
ning costs are likely to be at 
least £6 million. Sir Kenneth 
Berrill. SIB chairman said, in 
his statement accompanying 
the annual report and .SIB 
accounts published yesterday. 

These figures were immedi- 
ately challenged by leading 
City figures who accused the 
Government of deliberately 
understating the costs of self- 
regulation and creating a sys- 
tem which was too restrictive 
for investment businesses. 

At the moment, the SIB is 
already £1.437 million in the 
red, representing a loss on its 
first nine months' operations 
to March 3! 1986. 

The start-up and running 
costs ofthe SIB will ultimately 
be paid for by all authorized 
investment businesses 
through the network of the 
Self-Regulating Organizations 
(SRO) created by the Bill. 

In addition, investment 
businesses will bear their 
share of the costs of the SRO 

fT to cut 404 jobs 
in Dockland move 

By Cliff Feltham 

The Financial Times is has gon 
leaving the Beet Street area soften ti 
and moving to a new plant in cy. No ! 
Docklands with the loss of 404 its staff 
jobs. notice 1 

A programme costing £55 said, 
million to enable journalists Mr 
to direct input their stories by workfon 
January 1, 1988, followed by a News Ii 
move to a new printing centre Wappin 
in the July was announced to changed 
the 1,500 staff yesterday. jn Fleet ! 

Mr Frank Barlow, the chief 
executive, said the company 
would be asking for voluntary 
redundancies and offering 
“generous” terms of up to 
£45,000 for each worker. Ei? 8 . 

market summary 

Frank Barlow: looking for * 
voluntary redundancies 

The unions were also being 
asked to allow vacant jobs to 
be filled by any of the staff. 
**We are prepared, for exam- 
ple. to see printers become 
journalists provided they 
come up 10 standard. We will 
pay for their training,” he said 

“No other Fleet Street paper 

has gone to such lengths to 
soften the blow of redundan- 
cy. No other paper has given 
its staff nearly 18 months’ 
notice of redundancy,” he 

Mr Barlow told bis 
workforce that the move of the 
News International titles ' to 
Wapping had completely 
changed the industrial climate 
in Fleet Street but be added: “I 
intend to negotiate the intro- 
duction of front-ending and 
the introduction of a modem 
web-offset printing plant using 
members of the existing four 
printing and maintenance 
unions and of the NUJ and 
drawing the workforce from 
among our existing employ- 
ees. I intend to do an anti- 

He said Mr Rupert Mur- 
doch had cut his costs by £80 
million. “His flexibility of 
operation magnified over- 
night- He now enjoys a huge 
cost advantage over the Fi- 
nancial Times . " 

He said the new site - 
capable of printing 56-page 
papers with full colour — had 
not been decided upon but 
was in the area of News 
International and the sites 
lined up by Associated News- 
papers, publisher of the Daily 
Mail, and The Guardian, who 
are also due to relocate next 

Mr Bartow said no decision 
had been reached on the 
future of Bracken House, 
where the Financial Times is 
currently produced, but re- 
development was a 

calls for 
£3m cash 

By Richard Lander 

Scantronic Holdings, which 
makes control panels for secu- 
rity alarm and medical alert 
systems, is raising £3 million 
through a rights issue of 
convertible preference shares 
to expand its products and 
promote its existing range. 

The company is also taking 
a foil Stock Exchange listing 
after two years on the Unlisted 
Securities Market 
, The chief executive, Mr 
Chris Brookes, said the com- 
pany had about 10 per cent of 
the control panel sector of 
Britain's security market 

The Scantronic control pan- 
! els reads information sent by 
an alarm system's detectors 
and alert police if an intruder 
is spotted. Its medical alert 
systems allow elderly and 
housebound people 10 sum- 
mon help with a necklace 

The convertible shares are 
being offered on a three-for- 
11 basis at lOOp each, with 
■ Barclays de Zoete Wedd act- 
ing as underwriter. 

Scantronic also announced 
that Automated Security 
(Holdings) is reducing its 37 
per cent stake through a share 

Hambro buys 
estate agency 

Hambro Countrywide, the 
quoted estate agency in which 
Hambros banking group has a 
majority stake, is buying Man- 
drake Group,. a Birmingham 
estate agency, for a maximum 
£15 million. 

Mandrake has 33 estate 
agency outlets and seven fi- 
nancial services centres, giv- 
ing Hambro a total of 385 
residential sales offices and 21 
financial services centres. 

The purchase price is linked 
to profit. An initial payment, 
of £3.3 million will be supple- 
mented by £6.7 million, if the 
profit forecast of £2 million 
for the first two years is meL 

If the forecast is exceeded, 
the price paid to the vendors 
could rise by a further £5 

Khoo buys 5% 
of Standard 

By Graham Searjeant, Financial Editor 

Tan Sri Kb 00 Teck Pnat, 
the Singaporean financier who 
owns a 27 per cent stake in the 
money brokers, Exeo Interna- 
tional has come to tbe aid of 
Standard Chartered by buying 
a 5 per cent stake in the 
international banking group 
now subject to a final takeover 
bid from Lloyds Bank. 

The news, combined with 
other buying, pushed Stan- 
dard shares op from 794p to 
807p at one -time and they 
ended 8p up at 802p. 

This compares with Stan- 
dard Chartered's calculation 
that Lloyds' bask offer is 
worth 810p. The alternative 
offer, which includes Lloyds 
ordinary shares shares, is pot 
at 823p. 

Lloyds, however, pots tbe 
value of its basic offer at 831p 
and the alternative at 850p, 
tbe difference being actxnmted 
for by differing vad nations of 
the as yet unquoted convert- 
ible preference shares. 

~ Tan Sri Khoo's purchase is 
the first tangible result of the 
letters of support Standard 
Chartered received from Far 
East sources in its efforts to 
remain independent 

He has tag-standing inter- 
ests in Singapore, where Char- 
tered is strong.. 

The Lloyds bid doses final- 
ly for acceptances at lunch- 
time on Saturday. Lloyds 
shares rose lOp to 397p 

Heron plans expansion 

Heron International is to 
look for more acquisitions in 
the next 18 months to two 
years, despite the high levels 1 
of British and American stock 
markets, which makes life 
difficult for cash purchasers. 
Mr Gerald Ronson. the chair- 

man says in the company’s 
annual report. 

Last year the group made a 
taxable profit of £40.3 million, 
an increase of 24 per cent 
Its sales lopped £1 billion 
for the fi rst time to reach £1:09 

they join. The Stock Ex- 
change, a potential SRO, 
spends about £7 million a year 
on its regulatory activities. 

Businesses will incur costs 
in ensuring that they qualify 
for authorization. Sir Kenneth 
said that the SIB did not 
underestimate the amount of 
effort and cost in implement- 
ing new systems and introduc- 
ing changed working 

Mr David Hopkinson, chief 
executive of the MAG Group, 
yesterday attacked the figures, 
saying they had been deliber- 
ately understated “for politi- 
cal reasons. 

“When the total bill is 
added up I think you will find 
that it will be appreciably 
more ” be said. 

He also said that the costs of 
businesses adapting them- 
selves to the new system were 
going to be unreasonably high- 
“To set up this whole system 
on a basis that assumes every- 
one is a crook is not the way to 
to do it." he said. 

Mr Gordon Pepper, chair- 
man of W Green well Montagu 
& Co, yesterday said that he 
was “concerned that some of 
the rules being put forward 
should be deleted at the 
formulation stage because 
they are restrictive practices.” 

called for 

By Judith Huntley 
Commercial Property 

Developers and retailers are 
urging the Government to 
produce clear planning guide- 
lines to control the boom in 
out-of-town shopping. 

Latest estimates put the 
number of out-of-town 
schemes in the pipeline at 46,. 
totalling 31 million sq ft, 
compared with existing town- 
centre retail space of 75 mil- 
lion sq ft New proposals of 
over 1 million sq ft appear 
almost weekly, showing the 
fundamental shift in retailing, 

Mr Jim Howie, the property 
controller of House of Fraser, 
said at a London conference 
yesterday: “We must avoid 
the US example, where there 
is overshopping, low turn- 
over, low profits and the 
decline of the high street” 

It was a view echoed by Mr 
Roger Groom, the property 
director of the British Shoe 
Corporation, who denounced 
government polity by saying: 
“It is too simplistic to say that 
commercial market forces are 
not a land-use consideration.” 

‘Another successful year for 

Greycoat Group PLC.” 


□SSL 1821.71 (+0.98) Brrtte^A erospacc 

MkS Dow .._ 17506.11 (-228.04) Rrt Jg| jjjg 

Kggff^- — --- 




I';***** 1 

SSSSank 1827.9 (+9-1) 


aSf®n««l 511.30 (-11.D 

London dosing prices P8s ® a 


London: _ 1 

Bank Base: 10% .. . in « j 


buying rata 

Prime Rate 8.50% ■ 

Federal Funds 6"tf» c«u5B7% 




British Aerospace — 





Standard Chartered - 

Dwek Group.;- 

Ttbbett & Bnttan 

Eurotherm Int 



Suicfiffe Speaknum ... 

George Wanpey 


Bank — - 

Tl Group 



Job prospects brightest for 
managers and technicians 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Geoffrey Wilson, Chairman of Greycoat Group PLC 


Financial highlights of year ended 31 st March 1986 

— 67p (+8pj 

206p (+7pj I 
_ 333p <+7p 
„. 514pl+7p) 


NorcrtJS - 

Goode Durrant .. — 

Wight Collins 

Assocated News — 

.... 2730 Hip) 
445p (-23pJ 
— 323p(-7p) 


£: $1-5250 
£ DM3.3313 
t. Swfr2.724l 
£.- FFrl 0.6651 
L- YenSAS-S 5 
£ lndex:75.5 


t SI. 5265 
S: DM2.1795 

index: 113-9 

ECUS 0.64®J2 
SDR £0.772755 





£S J^7ZZ--»65|S9.7S 

The growth in Jobs between 
now mm the end of the decade 
will be concentrated in mana- 
gerial, technical and 
healthcare Occupations, ac- 
cording to forecasts from War- 
wick University's Institute for 
Employment Research. 

Skill shortages will become 
more serious, the institute 
says, exacerbated by the fact 
ChaL daring the 1970s and 
early 1980s, tbe salary returns 
for acquiring skills and quali- 
fications declined. 

A widening of the 
Noith/South jobs divide is 
also predicted, with rising 
unemployment in Scotland, 
the North West, Wales, the 
iSforth, Yorkshire and Hum- 
berside. and the Midlands. 

The jobless total in the 
South-east, South-west and 
East Anglia is expected to 
stabilize or fall slightly. 

Tbe big increases in em- 


ployment by 1990 will be 
among managers, supervisors 
and foremen, with a projected 
increase of 165,000, split 
equally between men and 

In education, health and 
other professions, a 279,000 
rise in jobs is expected, the 
majority, 261,000, for women. 

Engineers, scientists and 
technicians w31 be hi demand, 
with a 105,000 projected em- 
ployment increase, 72,000 for 
men and 33,000 for women. It 
is in this category that skill 
shortages are most likely, the 
institute predicts. 

The supply of skilled engi- 
neering workers has been hit 
by a rundown in apprentice- 
ship, and often, where such 
workers are unemployed, they 
are in the “wrong” part of the 

The largest decline in em- 
ployment, nearly 300,000, is 

for “operatives” — jobs which 
require some skill and train- 
ing, but not of the formal, 
apprenticeship-type. These in- 
clude most workers in textiles, 
footwear, printing and pub- 
lishing; distribution, transport 
and agriculture. 

The net effect of tbe project- 
ed changes is a 500,000 in- 
crease in managerial and 
technical jobs, and a reduction 
of more than 400,000 in other 
less skilled occupations. Em- 
ployment, boosted by a rise to 

300.000 in tbe number of self- 
employed, increases by 

150.000 by 1990. 

Bnt this is not enough to 
prevent a rise in adult unem- 
ployment of about 100,000 by 
the end of the decade, because 
of a continued increase in the 
size of the labour force. 

There is a need, tbe report 
says, for relative pay levels to 
be examined thoroughly. 



Gross rental income 



Profit from ordinary activities 
Before taxation 



After taxation 



Earnings per share 



Dividend pershare 






Net assets pershare 



Foryour copy ofthe 1986 Report and Accounts .write to the Company Secretary 
Greycoat Group PLC. Leconfield House, Curzon Street London. W1Y 7FB. 



,.. r ' •’ 

* C-'- . i~iV {T: .V ■ ■■■ 

iSSi wm ' 

m ; 0 




Black Horse seeks West End firm 

By Judith Huntley 

Black Horse Agencies, the 
estate agency arm or Lloyds 
Bank, is aiming to buy a 
commercial estate agent in 
London's West End. 

Mr Roy Mercer, general 
manager of Black Horse, said: 
**We are as much a commer- 
cial agency firm as a residen- 
tial and professional firm. We 
have subsidiary companies 
with commercial practices 
and numerically we are one of 
the biggest. 

“But as yet we have no 
central London representa- 
tion, and we want to address 
that in due course. We want a 
young firm with good market 
share and expertise. We see 
the benefits to our corporate 
clients of commercial agency 
work, particularly the funding 
aspects of development.” 

Black Horse first reined in a 
commercial agent in 1985 
with the purchase of Sykes 

Standard Life, the insurance 
Waterhouse, the Liverpool «®PM* is paring radical 
and London-based firm highly "*?, lease 
active in the commercial and Galleria, dev ^®P p i n - 
residenlial property markets. CuUdbO^ ^vetop- 

And Bonfield Hirst Turner “e"* at SjSSfe 
was added to Frank Innes. 

uniting both sectors of the seen here as anarrt^^ P ^ 

market. Innes has seen its s* on ' J* exdud- 

lu mover grow from £L25 ^nS^tSSSSTmk 
million to £5 mfliion this year. “L*™ 8 ! -Djiierete a mutual 
. ft * Black Horae policy to 2» 

mjea capital into the firms it jSSSSfatat letting agents 
buys, aving ns partners a SriSnrfd 

share of profits and growth. 

“Ours is all home grown Wdlmms Bennett. 

talent,” says Mr Mercer. 

But he admits that it is a cesses. Site finding, develop- 
great deal easier to plan cash menu funding and letting can 
flow and income from a take many years with lees 
residential agency than from a linked to that timescale, un 
commercial one. House sales the other hand, one or two 
can be plotted over the year large deals m commercial 
and reasonable estimates agency can dramatically boost 

made of how long it will take a year’s profits. 

to bring in the fees. 

Commercial practices are 
involved in much longer pro- 

Black Horse has been 
steadily buying estate agents 
to increase its nationwide 

network, a process which it 
intends to continue. But it has 
been pipped at the post as the 
country's biggest residential 
estate 'agent by the newly- 
formed Hambros Country- 
wide, a merger between Mann 
& Co and Bairstow Eves under 
the Hambros umbrella. 

The latest league table, pub- 
lished by Chartered Surveyor 

Weekly, shows that Hambros 
Countrywide has 350 offices 
compared with 219 for Black 

There is' speculation that 
Hambros and Prudential 
Property Services, whose lat- 
est acquisitions in the residen- 
tial field give it 113 offices, 
will venture into commercial 
estate agency. 

ith the purchase of Sykes involved in much longer pro- to increase us nauuuw.uv ' 

Hammerson to spend £30m on German scheme 

The Hammerson Croup is 
to spend about £30 million 
developing two department 
stores it bought last week from 
Hertie, West Germany’s 
fourth largest retailer. 

The Essen and Bremen 
stores are both in prime 
shopping areas and represent 
two of the 20 stores Hertie is 
selling from its portfolio of 
120 . 

Once a family-owned con- 
cern, the majority of Hertie’s 
shares are now held by a 

charity, with the remainder lion in t fa e Bremen store °rJy 
held by the family. last year, but decided to sell 

Its decision to sell so many none the less, 
of its stores, despite relatively Ham merson bought the 
profitable trading, appears to properties amid keen corapeu- 
rest on its unwillingness to uon from West German tnsii- 

of its stores, despite relatively 
profitable trading, appears to 
rest on its unwillingness to 
provide the intensive manage- 
ment necessary to improve 
their performance. 

Hertie sees itself as a retail- 
er, not a property developer. It 

unions. The factor which 
favoured Hammerson, apart 
from the price it was prepared 
to pay, was its willingness to 
take both stores. 

Prime retail yields in West 

was happy to sell potentially Prime retail yields in west 
valuable assets, leaving it with Germany, according to Mr 
fewer department stores to Chris Bull-Diamond, the head 
operate. It invested £2.5 mil- of Weatherall Green & 

Smith's German office which 
advised Hammerson, are 
dose to those in Britain at 4.5 
to 5 per cent 

Unlike Britain, however, 
out-of-town retailing does not 
threaten the strength of high 
street shopping and the cost of 
borrowing is cheaper, at 7 per 
ceni for 10-year, fixed-interest 

The company plans to 
transform the stores into 
smaller retailing units, ac- 
counting for about 80 per cent 

of the space, with offices on 
the upper floors. Both build- 
ings are likely to be demol- 
ished and new schemes built 

In the case of Essen, 
Hammerson's building ad- 
joins a C&A store, which will 
also be redeveloped, provid- 
ing increased retail space and 
improved parking. 

Hammerson could have let 
all the 100.000 sq ft of space 
proposed for both its schemes 
already, but has still to decide 
on the size of the various units. 

Bank loans 

Bank lending to proper- 
ty companies fell to £44 mil- 
lion net between February 
and May this year, compared 
with £1-9 billion during the 
12 months to February, a 
quarterly average of £475 

millio n. 

Lending by British mer- 
chant banks and American 
banks has risen in the 
same quarter to £105 million 
as British dealing banks 
have loaned less, at £98 

• The hotel market has % 
been shunned by institutional 
and property investors 
alike. Jones Lang Wootton, 
the chartered surveyor, ar- 
gues that it is time for a dra- 
matic reappraisaL 

• The £11 million, 72,000 
sq ft shopping centre being 
developed by Heron Prop- 
erty Corporation above six - 
platforms at Victoria Sta- 
tion in the West End of Lou- 
don already has half its 
retail space under offer to 
leading high street names 
such as Next, Dorothy Per- 
kins, Boots and Body 

Shop. Zone A rents are £60 a 
sq ft. 

• The retail warehouse 
market is in danger of becom- 
ing overheated, according 

to Clive Lewis & Partners' re- 
tail report. The agent is 
alarmed at what it sees as 
over-optimistic assump- 
tions about rental growth and 
falling yields In the sector. 


The Pacific basin. 

Today, the arena for over half the world’s 

And today as for many years, home ground for 
Standard Chartered Bank. 

Standard Chartered has built a presence 
throughout the Far East which remains un- 
rivalled today. 

While Union Bank, now a leading business 
bank in California, represents a successful US 
acquisition by a British bank. 

The result is a geographical spread-of over 
250 branches in the Pacific basin -which is now 
the envy of many banks scrambling for footholds 
in the region. 

It is a powerful example of the way that 
Standard Chartered’s management strengths 
have built an international network, of more than 
two thousand offices in over sixty countries. A net- 
work which is highly-integrated, built on common 
procedures and information systems: but made 
up chiefly of offices which play a central and 
established role in their domestic markets. 

And thus, a network ready to serve the needs 
of international business, of local business and of 
private individuals. 

To find out more, contact your nearest branch. 

Strength in 


Why the buffer 
stock reservoir 
causes concern 

By David Smith VELOCITY OF 

-Tuesday's money supply , CIRCULATION 
figures were not particularly money gdp/ sterling 

good but. after the huge 3.5- ; 

increases that preceded them, 
they were a welcome relief for 
all concerned, and not least 
the Bank of England and Gty 

One set of figures does not 
change a trend, even if they 
showed a slowdown in broad 
money growth in banking 
June, and there are particular 

reasons, in the case of the — 

money supply, why the au- this occurring, it would c 
thorhies may need several ly be useful tohave a i 
months of evidence before good, idea why buffer si 
deciding That the time has of money, or liquidity, 
come to ease up on policy. been built up in the 
The Bank of England, as place, 
has been evident from the One explanation, dra 
style of its recent Quarterly on rational" expectai 
Bulletins is looking at money ideas, has it that a build-i 
in a way that differs from the holdings; of money a 
| traditional approach. when there are unaiilicu 

No longer is it the view, if it increases in the .m 
ever was, that a given in- supply, 
crease in broad money results Another view is that t 
in a predictable rise in money stocks of money arise 
gross domestic product — and big shocks to the system 
mainly in prices — in, say, 18 are eliminated only gra 
months. Simple monetarism ly. In other words, evei 
has been dealt a telling blow is holding more liquidity 
by the experiences of Britain they actually want to, 
and other countries in the there may be good reasoi 
1980 s. not gening rid of that to 

The velocity of circulation ity loo quickly. ; . 
of sterling M3 has been Alternatively, these i 
falling sharply since 1980, in sired pr disequilibrium 1 
a way that can be explained ings of money may nc 
by financial innovation, and sitting ..idly ami ineneci 
competition between banks around, . but rather, hi 
and building societies, but some effect both on real 
which renders its use as a nominal economic varia 
target instrument of policy According; -to 
very difficult Congdon and Peter Wai 

As a matter of interest the ton at L Messel &. Co, th< 
velocity of circulation of in money holdings is la 

explained by the strengi 

T i ' financial markets and 

New approach behaviour of final 

, **-_«**„. institutions. 

tO lllOIiey As asset prices have 

-- strongly — there have 
narrow money, M0, has been big increases in the pne 
rising steadily since the early shares, government si 
1960s. This steady rise poses and houses - so fina 
no great problems for policy, institutions have had t< 
although it runs counter to crease their holdings of 
Friedmaii's view that the to maintain a constant 
demand for money, narrowly of cash to assets, 
defined will lend to rise with Thus, one of the pipe 
increasing economic into which the flow of b 
prosperity. money has been divert! 

The new way oflooking at into the bank account 
money (although it has been financial institutions. (It 
around in the academic liter- be that the strength of fi 
ature for many years) is the rial markets has called I 
“buffer stock” approach, stronger growth in b 
There are a number of van- money, but that is ant 
ants on the theme, which is story), 
also sometimes known as the _ The trigger for a relea 
disequilibrium approach to liquidity, a damburst, in 
money, but they share case is a fell in final 
several common factors. markets. A drop in s 
If we take the old example market, prices redt 
of the economy as being some institutions’ need for cas 
sort of grand Victorian that cash can then be rele 
plumbing system, under sira- from their bank account! 
pie monetarism the money The Bank of Engla 
laps are turned on at one end view; amid so much ui 
and there is an automatic 1 r 

in *“ Bank not kei 

The buffer stock approach faVf* riclr 

introduces a reservoir, of llaJS. 

variable size, into the plumb- . , " " 

ing system, as well as a j** n jy ? bo 1 ® t ..^' hat 
number of additional bits of 10 l J* e build-up of hi 
pipework, which can divert ,l y what, now, c 
money away from the main jngger ns release, is essei 
for a time. ly to do nothing. 

The introduction of the The view appears to be 
reservoir changes things quite lhe system is holding 
dramatically. It is possible for reasons that are not eni 
money to be pumped in at clear, but that anything^ 
one end and to be diverted disturbed it could be h 
into the reservoir indefinite- damaging. For this na 
ly. But it is also possible for the Bank is keen to-be se< 
some event to produce a extremely cautious in 
sudden and damaging empty- interest rate policy. . 
ing of the reservoir, without . “ IS no1 certain that a fi 
an immediately prior in- interest rates would pre 
crease in the money supply. mein g^cr — n might. 

That, more or less, is what shift the balance ben 
was exercising the Bank of -interest-bearing and no: 
England, in its June Quarter- l f re sj bearing money — 
ly Bulletin. “It remains possi- l he Bank is not m the n 
ble. that, at some point, the 10 take risks. ... __ 
process by which liquidity A monetarist would 
holdings have been built up that the authorities des 
could be reversed and that what they get for allowinj 
where held by industrial and much broad money grow 
commercial companies the thy first place. For that, 
funds could help to finance' fair to put the blame, nc 
high pay settlements; that the Bank, but on the t 
where held by financial insti- 5 of town, at the Treai 
tutions they might be One suspects, however, 
switched abroad; and that thoughts of buffer stock c 
where held by households ey do not keep Nigel Lav 
they might seep into addi- awake at night 
tional consumption.” The author is . .Econo 

In assessing the dangers of Correspond 

this occurring it would dear- 
ly be useful tohave a fairly- 
good- idea why buffer stocks: 
of money, or liquidity, havfer- 
been built up in the first" 

One explanation, drawing 
on rational" expectations 
ideas, has it that a build-up ir£ 
holdings; of money occur* 
when there are unanticipated 
increases in the . money' 
supply. . 

Another view is that buffer 
stocks of money arise afte£ 
big shocks to the system, anfl 
are eliminated only gradual^ 
ly. In other words, everyone 
is holding more liquidity than; 
they actually want to;- but: 
there may be good reasons for 
not gening rid of that liquid*- 
ity too quickly, \ 
Alternatively, these unde^. 
sired or disequilibrium hold;, 
-ings of money may not be? 
sitting .idly ami ineffectively; 
around,. .-but rather, having- 
some effect both on real and. 
nominal economic variable*^ 

According to Tim 
Congdon and Peter Warbur ; 
ton at L Messel &Co, the rise 
in money holdings is largely 
explained by the strength, of; 
financial markets and .the- 
behaviour of financial; 

As asset prices have risen; 
strongly — there have .been 
big increases in the prices of; 
shares, government stocks - 
and houses — so financial; 
institutions have -had . to in- 
crease their holdings of cask 
to maintain a constant ralier 
of cash to assets. 

Thus, one of the pfpeways 
into which the flow of broad 
money has been diverted is 
into the bank accounts of. 
financial institutions. (It may' 
be that the strength of finan-r, 
rial markets has called forth? 
stronger growth in broad; 
money, but that is another 

The trigger for a release of ; 
liquidity, a damburst, in this.' 
case is a fell in financial, 
markets. A drop in stock* 
market, prices reduces) 
institutions’ need for cash so' 
that cash can then be released 
from their bank accounts. 

The Bank of England's 
view, amid so much uncerv . 

Bank not keen 
to take risks : 

tainty about what precisely 
led to the build-up of liquid^ 
ity and what, now, couJdj 
trigger its release, is essential^ 
iy to do nothing 
The view appears to beihaf 
the system is holding, for- 
reasons that are not entirely, 
clear, but that anything whiefr? 
disturbed it could be highly 
damaging. For this reason,, 
the Bank is keen to-be seen as; 
extremely cautious in its- 
interest rate policy. _ 
It is not certain that a fell i£> 
interest rates would provide 
the trigger — . it might, only 
shift the balance between’ 
interest-bearing and non-in- 
terest bearing money — but; 
the Bank is not in the mood 
to take risks. __ •— . 

A monetarist would sa$; 
that the authorities deserve^ 
what they get for allowing too 
much broad money growth in 
the first place. For that, it is 
Tajr to put the blame, not on' 
the Blank, but on the other 
side of town, at the Treasury: 
One suspects, however, that 
thoughts of buffer stock monh 
ey do not keep Nigel Lawson 
awake at night 
The author is _ .Economics., 




light industrial and 


Standard Chartered 


f c ^nj 




knare prices rally despite £180m 
winding up of investment trusts 

drs -1 : * . 

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• n ff 1 !f. Sl0< * ! narilet sh ™SS«l 
gL? s wornes about Wali 
yesterday an** rallied 

So?S y «5^ >,te **» iiQukto- 
S ? f 'J 0 mvcsu nent trusts 

l0lal, ‘ n & £1 80 mil- 
lion between them. 

' i Continental & Industrial — 

•managed by Schroder* - was 

•w n h Uy ia uired by *■* w b 

:»“ th T African investment 
^roup, Liberty Life. Its portfo- 
lio - worth £160 million and 
.evenly spin between British 
-equities and: overseas stocks — 
.was wound up without fuss. 

- The £80 million of British 
equities were found homes in 
• mar ket following a series 
of put-throog hs arranged by 

-• Keep an eye on 
'HaiftreUs Group, the vehicle 
-distributor and property 
'developer, down 4p at 95p in 
.line with the rest of the 

£00*000 shares by two di- 
rectors recently has been easi- 
ly absorbed by the market 
•which is now looking for an 
agreed bid of about 125pa 
'Share. This would value the 
company at £73 million . 

■Fielding Newson Smith, the 

'■They included £5 mfl- 
: lion- worth of BP, £4.7 million 
•■of Shell, £3 million of BAT 
Industries, up 4p at 395p, £2 
million of Pilkington, 7p high- 
er - at 413p, £4.5 million of 
;GEC, 2p dearer at 204p, £2.7 
million of Grand Metropoli- 
tan, up 3p at 398p, £2.8 
.million of BTR, 5p up at 3 1 3p, 
£1.8 million of George’ 
iWimpey, 7p higher at 206p, 
■£3.25 million of Unilever, 
unchanged at £17.40, £2 mil- 
lion of Hanson and £2.1 
(million of Redland, which was 
;lp cheaper at 447p. 

; The other trust to come 
under the hammer was 
winterbottom Energy Trust 
for which Carless Cape) re- 
cently paid £30 million. 
Baillie Gifford is reck- 

eies5_ as 

OBC86 90.62 

liter 87 9055 

ihW>R7 90.40 

Sap 87 .N/T 

Dec 87 N/T 

Previous day - * total open Merest 1 6030 

Time Month Eurodollar 

Sep 86 ■ 9137 

Dec 86 3329 

Mar 87 93.10 

Jtffi87 „ 9185 

US Treasury Bood 

Sep 86 i 97-26 

Dec 86 97-07 

Mar 87 N/T . 

oned to have found homes for 
around £10 million worth of 
equities. Most, of the business 
was completed before lunch. 

This appears to have con- 
firmed to market bulls that 
Tuesday's 30-point fell in the 
index was overdone. As a 
result, share prices rallied 
strongly yesterday, helped by 
die appearance of a few cheap 
buyers. Jobbers responded 
quickly by marking prices 
Higher among the leaders, 
which left the FT index of 30 
shares dosing at its best level 
of the. day, 13.8 points up at 
1,331.5. The broader-based 
FT-SE 100 also responded 
positively, finishing 1 5.6 
points higher at 1,614.6. 

Gilts opened with losses of 
more than £1, still reeling 
from Tuesday's disappointing 
money supply figures which 
have virtually scuppered 
hopes of an early cut in bank 
base rates. But prices rallied 
steadily as the day wore on, 
with investors again con- 
vinced that this week's shake- 
out had been overdone. By the 
close the defidt had been 
reduced to £'k at the longer 
end of the market. 

Guinness enjoyed support 
after houis, with a rise of 7p to 
333p ahead of a seminar 
arranged by Cazenove for the 
big institutions last night Sir 
Ernest Saunders, the chair- 
man of Guinness, is expected 
to outline the group's strategy 

By Michael Clark 



for the future following the 
recent acquisition of 

Rank Organisation has 
again been selling shares in 
Granada and has now taken 
its stake below the important S 
per cent level. Rowe & Pitman 
placed the latest tranche of 5. 1 
million shares with various 
institutions at just over 270p. 

The offering was placed 
easily and more than four 
times oversubscribed. On Fri- 
day, Rank unloaded another 
2.1 million Granada shares in 
the market Granada rose 4p 
to 282p. 

As expected, Mr David 
Abell's Safer has sold its entire 
holding in FH Lloyd, the steel 
founder and engineering- 



Accord Pub (12Sp) 
Alumasc (150p) 
Antler (I30p) 
Arlington (ItSp) 
Asftley (q (I35pj 
Beaver co (I45p) 
Bod (374p) 

Back (1470 
Borland (I25p) 
Brodero (145p) 
Campbell Armstrong f 
Chelsea Man (I25p) 
Clarke Hooper <130p) 
Coated Electrodes (84 
Densrtron (53p) 

Ea die (39p) 

Evans HaUshaw f120p) 
Reids (Mrs) (140p) 
Guthrie Corp (T50p) 


Lopex (145p) 


SmaHbone (165p) 
Soundtracks (40p) 

Task Force (95p) 
Templeton (2i5p) 
Tenby Inds (112p) 
Thames TV (I90p) 
Titotoel & Britten (120p) 


117 -t 
125 -3 
153 +1 
141 -2 
115 +2 
466 +6 
219 44 
124 +10 

group, which dosed 3.5p 
lighter at 64. 5p. The 6.68 
million shares (27.7 per cent 
of the total) were placed with a 
number of institutions, in- 
cluding M & G Group, Legal 
& General and the Prudential 
Corporation, at 64p. cum- 

Mr Abell says that the net 
proceeds from the deal of 
£4.27 million will be used to 
reduce Suter's borrowings. 
The market is betting that 
Suter will now turn its atten- 
tion to Newman Industries — 
lp firmer at the year’s high of 
38p — where it may have 
already increased its holding 
to about 9 percent 

This week’s newcomer, Tib- 
bet! & Britten, was looking a 
little more composed follow- 
ing Tuesday's debuu which 
coincided with the market's 
30-point fall. The shares re- 
covered. to close above their 
original offer price of 120p, 
with a rise of lOp to I24p. 

Marketmen now believe 
that the shares are destined for 
better things and there is talk 
that a bullish announcement 
may be on the way. 

Recent debutant Thames 
Television also decided it was 
time to force the pace again 
following its successful flota- 
tion. The shares rose another 
4j ) to 2l9p. This compares 
with the original offer price of 

Meanwhile, Morgan Gren- 


Amari F/P 104 'j 

Antofagasta N/P 150 

8oase Massknt F/P 28 +5 

Costa m N/P 82 +2 

Da La Rua N/P 140 -15 

Erskrne Use N/P 9+1 

Five Oaks F/P 65 

Ibstock Johnson N/P 26 +2 

Inti Signal N/P 45 +4 

Leigh Interests N/P 1 

Pineapple N/P 12 

Wight Collins N/P 215 -33 

(issue price In brackets). 
















90 A8 






90 48 









Previous day's total open Interest/! 8145 
9X50 9337 9350 3345 

9S A2 9329 93.42 778 

KL21 93-10 93^3 118 

9295 • 92JJ5 9296 28 

Previous dw\ 
99-10 97-27 

97-20 97-09 

I open interest 7377 
99-09 6946 

86-19 27 


Start C3B 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Mar 87- — 

Long G«t 


Dec 86 

Mar 87 __ 
Jim 87 


101-60 - 101-63 101 

102-09 69 
<02-09 0 
102-09 0 

Maricet rates 

N York 15215-15360 
Montreal 2.1053-2.1 186 
Brussels 68.16-6857 
C'phgen 129608-12.4488 
Dub* 1.1040-1.1110 
Lisbon 22502-22925 
Madrid 211.1821258 
MSan 2277.60228991 
Oslo 119848-11.4386 
Pans 10.BZ70-10.B9S0 
Si'khkn 108067-109647 
Tokyo 2449624695 
Vienna 2394-24.15 
Zurich 2.70602.7273 

July 9 






I. 1050-1-1060 

II. 3731-119912 





2-1 14 pram 


Ik-114 pram 

5521 5cSs 






1 VlS prom 


1 VI Sprain 

3 monttis 



414-4 Sprwn 





7V7pram • 



31S21S pram 


Se arBn g hides UMu p ere dwhhlsriweadwriM 759 (day*» range 756-759). 

i n- - 

■■■> uk; a 

Previous day's total open Inarest 14935 
122-00 12324 12121 123-03 12401 

122-09 12227 12229 122-27 21 

N/T 12223 0 

N/T 122-19 0 

Previous day's total open interest 2080 
16290 16390 16220 1K350 529 

166.90 15890 16890 166.10 2 




HmtP ea fcga 

Ji4 2l 


Aug 1 

leefPncMrUaa ForSeOtanent 

Oct 9 Oa 26 

Oct 23 Nov 3 

Nov6 . _ Nov 17 . _ 

■X v • r ' 

Aim 4 Aug 15 Nov 6 Nov 17 Singapore 

Cm - op tion s were taken eat pe 9/7/88 Suicfiffe Sp. Amstrad, Brlnt bw. Notion, South Afrk 
GhSy” ”, Son. f&n. Nih. Kagftane. Bristol on. York Eqtfy. UAEdlrtu 

U Hyman. Chanarhal 

PUT: Chloride. PW MacMaa 

Put A Calt Btanchwd, Times Veneer. Ataoo. 

Argentina ausfraT 19617-19642 heiand 

Austral* dollar 2. 4067 -2.41 1 1 Singapore 

Bahrain dinar 0975329795 Malaysia— 

Brezfl cruzado * 21.0621.19 Australia 

Cyprus potmd 0.7550-0.7650 Canada 

Finland marka 7.7640-79040 Sweden 

Greece drachma 2129521495 Norway 

Hong Kong dollar 11.943-11952 Denmark 

India rupee 1890-19.10 We« Germany _ 

Iraq (finer nte Switzenand 

Kuwait dear KD 04435-0.4475 Netheriands 

Malaysia dokar 4.0488-4JJ572 France — 

Mexico peso — 960-1010 Japan 

New Zealand doaar 2938529511 tty. 

Saudi Arabia nyal 5.7295-5.7695 Belgiun(Coni(nJ . 

Singapore dokar 39422-39461 HoogKong 

South Africa rand 3.8905-39131 Portugal 

U A E dirham 59090-59490 Spain 

•UoydsSank&itBfnational Austria 

Rates atvpOed by Barclays Bata HOFEX an 


218452.1 855 


















fell the merchant bank, which ] 
has been having a fairly bleak : 
time of it since it took its bow 
last week, showed signs of 
bottoming out The share 1 
price hardened 3p to 463p. but i 
is still showing a discount of 
37p on the striking price of | 
SOOp. Willis Faber, the I 
Lloyds' insurance broker, says | 
it now owns 31.3 million : 
Grenfell shares, or 20.78 per 
cent of the issued capital. 
Faber lost 5p to 409p. 

The rest of the merchant 
banking sector also showed 
some improvement. Brown 
Shipley advanced Sp to 5l0p, 
Leopold Joseph lOp to 500p 

•Shares of IMI were a 
weak market falling 5p to 
184p following a 
downgrading by Quflter 
Goodtson, the broker. 

Quilter has reduced its esti- 
mate by £3m to £72m for 
the year to March, compared 
with £57«8 id last time. Ap- 
parently, the expected growth 
on the drink dispenser side 
has foiled to materialise and 
currency fluctuations may 
have taken their tolL 

and Mercury International 2p 
to 735p. 

Hambros gained Sp lo 
243p on hopes of a bid after 
learning that Guardian Royal 
Exchange — 3p higher at 902p 
— had disclosed that it now 
held more than 5 per cent of 
the shares. GRE says its 
holding has now reached 8.04 
million shares (3.02 per cent). 

A few cheap buyers came to 
the aid of oil shares as the 
price of crude looked a little 
steadier on the spot market 
after dipping below $10 a 
barrel earlier in the week. BP 
rose 4p to 560p, Shell Sp to 
773p. Britoil 5p to 146p, 
Bunnah 3p to 41 Ip. Imperial 
Continental Gas 3p to 403p, 
London & Scottish Marine On 
Sp to 93p and Premier Con- 
solidated Oilfields 2.5p to 


Tesco held steady at 343p 
despite the news that Sir Leslie 
Porter, a director and former 
chairman of the group, had 
disposed of 1.4 million shares 
from his non-beneficiai hold- 
ings. The shares were sold at 
356.5p and value the stake at 
£5 million. 

Among the brewers, Scot- 
tish & Newcastle stood out 
with a Sp rise to 197p with the 
market convinced that- it is 
about to buy the rival Courage 
brewery from Hanson Trust 

Hanson acquired Courage 
when it succesfully bid for 
Imperial Group earlier this 
year. Hanson rose Ip to 180p 
after confirmation that this 
week's placing of 75 million of 
its shares in Europe has been 

[COMMENT Kenneth Fleet J 

The new mood may 
just save Standard 

This week’s failure of Evered to 
capture McKechnie is the third major 
takeover failure in quick succession. 
Woolworth Holdings' escape from 
Dixons Group and APV's from Siebe 
were the other two. 

Would-be predators, and their 
highly-paid advisers, must now be 
asking themselves whether the take- 
over game has turned against them, 
after several golden years. Goldman 
Sachs, the American defence special- 
ist. has analysed all hostile bids 
launched in the United Kingdom 
since 1983 worth more than £75 
million, and discovered that without a 
reference to the Monopolies and 
Mergers Commission the chances of 
the company under, siege remaining 
independent were minimal. 

Three successful and traditionally 
fought defences do not amount to a 
trend, but there is undoubtedly a shift 
in institutional thinking, accompa- 
nied by, if not waited by, a change in 
the prevailing political wind. Bidders 
are braving to come up with stronger 
arguments for replacing existing 
managements, especially when the 
latter have performed and continue to 
perform well. Price in itself is no 
longer a sufficient reason peremp- 
torily to take away a company's 
independence. It is overdue but there 
is a greater willingness to give the 
managements of all but the sleepy or 
demonstrably failed companies the 
benefit of die doubL 

This change of attitude - among 
serious fund managers (the teeny 
hoppers obsessed with ratings in the 
Wood, Mackenzie performance charts 
are hard to take seriously) may be 
Standard Chartered’s best hope of 
staying out of Lloyds Bank's clutches. 
Lloyds* bid, launched in May after an 
approach early in April, was cleverly 
timed: Standard seemed to be drifting 
and gathering clouds in South Africa 
were casting a long shadow over its 
substantial investment in Standard 
Bank of South Africa. Although 
Lloyds’ alternative offers are strange 
hybrid affairs, they do offer, a useful 
premium over Standard's price in the 
market (802p last night, two dealing 
days before the bid closes on 

Hardly a knockout 

But margins of 29p (the basic offer) 
and 48p (the alternative terms) are 
hardly a knockout, especially if some 
credence is given to Standard’s 
calculation, repeated in a letter to 
shareholders yesterday from Lord 
Barber, Standard's.chairman, that the 
minimum value of Standard shares is 
well over £9. The contrary argument is 
that, should the bid foil, the Standard 
price, which had been buoyed up by 
takeover rumours long before Lloyds 
showed its hand, would fall sharply. 
The chief reason of course why Lloyds 

has not been willing to pay more is 
South Africa. Shareholders in both 
banks have to reflect on which 
management is more likely to deal 
with the South Africa problem. 

This issue however, will not decide 
Standard’s fete. There is certainly a 
case — not simply Lloyds’ own 
arguments, which from its point of 
view make very good sense — for 
creating a third very laige British- 
owned international bank. The great 
pity is that the case was not explored 
by the two banks with a view to an 
agreed merger. 

For this the Bank of England must 
take much of the blame. Not long ago 
a hostile bid by one bank for another 
would have been ruled out of court, if 
only because the spectacle of two 
banks squabbling would have been 
condemned as damaging both to the 
international status of British banking 
in particular and the City of London 
in generaL 

Critical time 

The Bank of England may have 
thought, naively, that in giving the 
nod to Lloyds, an agreed merger and 
not a contested bid, would be the 
outcome. Unfortunately, it is now 
clear to the City and the world that the 
Bank of England has lost control over 
the structure of the banking system, 
and at a most critical time — the eve of 
deregulation in the City. The Bank 
will have to be at its devious best if in 
future it wants to drop the “market 
forces must decide” doctrine it has 
learned at Mrs Thatcher's knee. 

Standard, by definition, is a federa- 
tion of regional banks with a whole- 
sale operation to top it up. There can 
be no pretence of operating as an 
integrated international bank. Profits 
have been disappointing 

In none of its areas of operation is 
Standard regarded as the most dy- 
namic bank of the region. 

The argument for independence per 
se is a weak one. The Lloyds bid has 
straightforward logic. Standard fills in 
the gaps in the globe where Lloyds is 
weak and is therefore the essential 
building block for a global bank. This 
mates Standard worth more to Lloyds 
than on its own. Furthermore, such 
integration would allow the combined 
group to exploit Standard's genuine 
local soundness with dynamism di- 
rected from the top. 

And yet I have a strong feeling that 
Standard does deserve a chance both 
to fulfil its potential under Michael 
Me William and his team, who both 
understand the nature of their task ' 
and would have the greatest possible 
incentive to succeed. That view may 
be shared by enough significant 
shareholders for Standard to remain 
independent; but it will be a dose run 
thing. | 


.ft.' S*:'“ 

Afiea Lyons 


Cons Gold 



Cable & Wire 




Cafe . tate ^ 

Juft Oc* Jan Jifr Oct Jan 

45 57 67 1 5 8 

17 37 47 5 15 18 

2 18 27 25 30 35 

65 77 92 1 7 10 

23 42 58 6 19 27 

1» 17 30 43 50 53 

40 60 70 3 16 22 

g 34 45 27 37 47 

2 12 32 57 64 72 

34 42 51 1 4 7 

15 29 33 4 9 12 

4 17 27 14 20 23 

1 8 16 42 43 *5 

19 32 41 3 9 13 

2 16 28 16 23 24 

1 16 16 45 48 48 

J50 170 — 1 4 — 

100 120 145 1 10 IS 

50 75 100 3 22 35 

13 40 65 20 40 60 

135 155 — t | - 

85 115 — 3 If — 

35 70 — 7 33 — 

oa. 84 42 1 4 6 

^ 22 30 414 13 16 

2 10 IB 22 26 28 

73 g — 1 f “ 

gs: I is : 

5 25 42 30 35 40 

Thom EMI 

SAC# 5 

Land sec 

Marks & Span 

Stall Trans 

Trafalgar House 



~77 97 122 3 IS 22 

Vr 62 87 10 30 40 

12 40 57 37 62 62 

^ M 35 83 82 

42 54 61 IS 1 ,1 

14 33 39 3 8 12 

» ” a a » g, 

T 2 so - 1 1 * 

q s 5 ” 

s SI 'S ,% 5 & £ 

q M & 30 50 SS 

12 26 33 12 W 

3 13 21 If 22 » 

1 4 11 45 46 46_ 



BAT mds 

Barclays 460 

^ a 

BntTetecom TaT 

cm ■ a 

Cwfcury Schwpps ieo" 

(•173) S> 



5 9 13 

7 J? 

5 22 % 

30 50 SS 

5 12 14 

16 22 24 

45 46 46 

40 — 

19 3f 

10 17 

55 Z5 

Blue Cue* 


De Beers 

f <r- r 

* July 3, 1986- 

Sap Due Ma r Sap Dae rt5 " 

airs I A J r60,) 

50 62 70 i 12 in 

30 43 50 1| 27 g 

14 ar 37 42 52 » VB-Hee fs 

mm 1 

_ 4 — — 

19 s ” S 8 " Lowtio 

i n 17 — 28 33 — (*252) 

~£T 78 B8 20 ® $ 

S 55 BS 45 55 W 


oj 38 63 * „ 

10 * — 75 17 Tr 11*^ 1991 

"STs) i40 if S m re110) 

P 60 ^ 70 |3 - TM r£% Q3/07 ' 

20 47 - 110 J” p£120) 


? S i J a * ~ ~ 

ft 3 : 3 S i fSh 31 

8 1 SSL»JLi8’ 1 

51 - - ; _ — 1700 

s S s— 

— wo. 

13 19 27 

5 11 16 

75 85 100 

45 57 73 

23 33 45 

65 80 — 

35 SO 67 

14 30 45 

5 IS — 

70 — — 

43 S3 — 
23 35 47 

7 20 33 

Aug Nov Fab 

50 68 75 

25 42 53 

7 23 32 
42 58 72 

23 14 55 

9 20 37 

3 10 — 

70 87 102 

40 55 75 

13 30 47 

24 30 38 

10 20 24 

3 9 17 

20 25 31 

5 12 17 

2 5 9 

73 80 — 

40 53 — 

23 33 — 

87 75 84 

37 47 56 

17 27 36 

11 19 22 

6 14 17 

4 10 13 

50 63 - 

22 42 53 

5 15 30 

2 8 — 

18 28 36 

8 15 22 

2 8 13 

62 85 100 
30 52 72 

10 32 45 

6 22 32 

7 9* 11* 

2 6 7* 

* 3* — 

8 12 15 

a 25 28 

9 18 25 

30 35 43- 

55 60 68 

B 15 - 

23 30 37 

43 50 52 

90 92 — 

2 — — 

5 5* — 

13 18 25 

28 35 43 

Aug Nw Fato 
10 17 20 

28 37 40 

62 67 77 

4 7 13 

15 IB 27 
33 35 42 

70 73 — 

4 7 12 

17 20 25 
42 47 50 
4 7* 10 

10 16 22 
24 28 32 

4 7 10 

10 14 19 

28 29 30 
1 2 — 
3 10 - 

17 20 — 

1 3 6 

3 7 10 

12 19 24 

7 -10 15 

14 18 20 

22 27 28 

3 9 — 

15 SO 33 

55 60 85 

103 103 - 

7 10 12 

18 22 24 
36 38 38 

3 11 IS 

20 35 34 

57 64 72 
102 106 110 
2* 4% 5* 
9* 11 12 

18 19* — 

The market opened oer- 
voosly on higher rates, but 
regained considerable compo - 1 
sure late in the session, helped I 
by US speculation that an , 
early federal discount rale cot 
was bmlding up once again. 

Rates were rarely more than 
marginally firmer on (ahm* 
at the end of the day, with 
some virtually hack to over- 
night positions. 


Clearing Banks 10 
Frnanca House 1 0K 

Discount Marta! Leans * 

Overnight High: 10K Low 7 
week Axed: 1DK 
Treasury BSa (Discount %) 

2mntn Vi 
3mnth 9*« 

2mntn 9* 
3 mirth 

The dosing date: 

Saturday 12 July, l.OO pm. 

. Prime Bank B»a (Discount %) 

1 1 mnth 2mnth 

3mrah 6mntti9tt-9K 

Trade BOs (Discoum Tfc) 

1 mnth 10 ls u 2mtn 10* 

3 moth 10»» 6mrah 10 


Overrwht open 10% does 7 
1 week 10K-10M 6 mnth 9»iaO«i» 

1 mnth 1D>w-10K 9 mnth 95^9^18 
Snrnth IO'it-10 12mth 9K-fi»i« 
Local Authority Oepoa«a(%) 

2 days 10 7 days 10 

1 mnth 10 3 mnth 9% 

6 mnth 9K 12mth 9% 

LocM Authority Bonds (%) 

1 mnth 10K-10K 2mrth 10K.10 

3 mnth 10 V9* 6mntti 9’/«-9K 
9 mnth iMk 12mth 9H-9K 


1 mnth lOK-lO’ia 3mmh 10-9K 
6 mnth 9 >] w4 ll n 12 mth 


1 mnth 6SC-625 3mnth 6.70O55 
6 mnth B-70-6 l 9S 12 mth B.7S-6.70 


Aug Nov Mar Agg Hot Mw 

21 32 — 3 7 — 

_ — 36 — — 14 

8X19 — 1115 — 

— — 24 — — 26 

254 9 — 25 27 - 

TM IX* 1991 

TrllS* 03/07 

Aim NCY Fta 

»'» 254 3 

1% IX 
" *» 

4X 6'»4 ^ 

3S S 5J4 
2 ? i» 4% 


2 % — 
S 144 — 

Aug Now fab 

1»« 2»is 2X 
2X 3X "n 

14 IX — 
IV 2K 3X 
J V 3X 4X 
3X 4X 5X 
4X — 
■V 7 — 


7 days B"i»514 
3 mth 6«<+6”» 
7 days 4K-4X 
3mnA 454 -4X 
French Franc 
7 days 

3 mnth 7X-7X 
Swin Franc 
7 days 2X-2X 
3rnmh 454-4X 


7 days 454-4X 
3 mnth 4X-4X 


6 ,fc »-V 

i 6 a w ,, i* 


i 414-4X 


i r li-Tv 
! 7X-7X 
1 454-434 



Our Increased Alternative Offer: 

Standard Chartered Share Price: 


(as at 3J0pm on Wednesday, 9 July) 

850 P 
7 99p 


































































l aectxtty prica- 

Krugerrand" toer coin): 

S 3485^34a0C (£227.0E«2S- 
S BtOoSMO TES5.0(«5.7S) 
-Excludes VAT 

Ffacad Rate Staffing Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average reference rate for 
interest period June 4, 1986 to 
July 1, 1988 inclusive: 9.824 'per 
earn. ... 

If you arc in any doubt about how to fill in the Green Form of Acceptance, telephone Lloyds Bank Registrars 
on Freephone Lloyds Bank. 

[|p§| Lloyds 

■ maiB&nk 


This advertisement is published by Lloyds Merchant Bank Diluted on behalf of Lloyds Bank Pic. The Directors of Lloyds Bank Pic are the persons 
responsible for the mformirion contained in this advertisement. To the best of charJtnow'ledge and bdief.lhavmg taken ail reasonable care to ensure rhar 
such is the case) the information contained in this admosemepcis in accordance with the frets. The Directors of Lloyds Bank Pic accept responsibility 
accordingly. ; 

The values of Uoyds Bank's Offer depend an its share price, and an estimate by HoareCovea Lrd-of the value of the new Uoyds Bank 7£ Cumulative 
Convertible Reference SharccThe value of the Preference Shares is estimated because it will only be lured in chc event of Ac Offer becoming unconditional. 

sfeTbe Increased Offer is final except in the limited circumstances set out in' Uoyds Bank's Increased Offer document dated 28 June 1986. If the offer 
becomes unconditional as naccepances. it must remain open fora further K days. 



******* Sc 


Wgh income Inert 7X8 81.8 -03 S02 

Gat & Fhed 1m 502 56.9* -0.6 B38 

TS Of few Trusts 63.9 600 -AS '» 

Sp add da Trust TM #19 -03 3 XL 


907. rtKTr™« HA MW. . 

. 125.1 1349 -05 

SgaSer Ca t fee 2235 2*X7 -l 0 

Oo Income 147 a ISM -as 

mcome tu 7is -02 

income 76 6 62.4 -«< 

Men Ponfcri o he 60S 655 -OS , 

Do Acc 101 J 1094 -06 

Nonn American 596 614* -1 8 

79.7 85.7 -03 i 

SpecH Sa Trust TM #1 3 -03 232 

Mn Amor Trust 575 61.6 -15 IB 

F*r Esssm Trust 774 62.48 >1.1082 

Inti Growdi 47.1 502 -08 1 13 

mnriuw M 

Sl Osage Hh Corporation 8L Cumrtry cvl 

0303 553231 

UK Growth AcclTT 1474 1583 -4lj{340 

Do Income 1280 W.1 -*£ iJO 

Hdier he Accun 2*71 W* -09 *51 

5o tam i960 -07 

QiSfSStooi 1£* ’£■« 31 ttJ 

DO taurn 07.4 82-0 -Q8 

Mti Anar Tst Aeon 134 4 1423 -35 

IV Eat Tit Aeon 1405 i»8 -J f 020 

Fan Tff MU ffiftl “I-® 

GMN ' Treat 2318 246.7 -2.1 251 

Htfi hearna 


nK u raty 


St Vincent he 

5*2 5»e 
10X1 111.B 
207.1 2204 
406 42.1 
845 875 

’ll T?! a Vtrms us dh 786 818 -41 

502 -08 113 Temcte BarSmCrf* 1754 1850* 

TernSvlISH 3622 361 2 


-OB 3 40 
-06 140 
-05 *51 
-07 *81 
-09 264 
-08 254 
-30 048 
-1 6 020 
-1.0 IJI 
-21 251 

foci— rm m o Fiwiy 

I. Lemnoe vm W London EC4H OBA 

I. L—n FtoutaJ FM. LotKton 
01-623 4680 
US SmNr Co's 712 783 -20 029 

8Sr5m - t7 25 

home Faid 802 8S.5 . . *66 

Far Eastern Fund 735 707 -05 032 

omratam «9 mem -U JJJ 

Fhad htmst 502 623* .. 900 

Nauru RuFimd »i &*• *■*! 

Europon Income 703 752 *04 337 


190. West Georgs SL Gtagow G2 SPA 

0*1-332 3132 

Braced Oh he **3 471 .. 150 

Do tasitn 44.9 47.B ■ . 

Income Gh he 415 **1B . . 6.00 

ftl VQ01 434 482 mm ■ 

Semes Co's he 482 513 ..150 

DO 400 51 9 

Wwar jjjjfc. l b— i ago TW9 ioy 
0132 36 227? 

Amman • *9.7 1067 -25 088 

Aim Eqraty been* 312 335 -04 4.70 

Amer fSSisX *5.7 621 -13 090 

320 34 1 -02 4 10 

« aPutaU 315 327* -02 &B7 

QnhlSW 98.1 105.0* -17 *51 

Japan Soeea sna .*20 *5 0 +02 .. 

Japan Trust 1234 1320* -0.1 . . 

Uaneoed hi Tst 1315 139* -'3 Cm 

Maxfoome Gouty »i »9 -£f *** 

PipfastkyU Can 335 36.0 -05 259 

sSSTSTaSSt* 203 MO -02 054 

Kpewqi Sts 1823 1752 -23 057 

O o5S*S<j^S3on 8C3A 6AN 

Araanean Exempt £*Q.< %*>* MJ 

J—i Eumpt LJfl Xfl 3 992 - 095 

AlB Properly TM S! 0788 0 • .. 

Piqparty Treat E20325 -ft 550 

3 London vw Bidg*. London Wal. London 
01-828 5181 


The Sloe* Exchange London EC2P 2JT 

01-588 2868 

General he (4> 
Do Aeon (41 
Income Find (3) 
00 Aceumffl 
tw Inc (21 
Do Ae eumj2) 
Snuaer mc(S( 
Do Acorn (5) 

217 4 2283* 
3475 365.0* 
10*4 1085 
1833 1927 
1250 rone 
165.4 17ZB 
2113a 1255* 
21212 1254* 

WS^Hi^ijjntiom London WC1V 6PY 

C8 Japan And 79.1 8*1- -15 026 


tenth 2804 2983* -65 255 

heome 3253 348.1* -55 *05 

fitr E8M 1910 2055 +15 053 

Norm Araanean i«83 157.8 -32 058 

Qua 4830 4995 -038 150 

European *8.4 515 -0.1 150 

Japan 535 80S +03 030 

rami 1 nam— i wiTMnn 

PO Bo* 551 Bra liana Londai EC3 7J0 
Dl-621 0011 

emu 3570 3815 -07 1.71 

heome 2812 3003 -1.1 4.72 

Monti Amarfcaa 282.4 302.1 -4 J 058 


1. nn wmwi sl ec*n 7au 

01-823 6314 

OR Trust 1052 1125 -25106* 


9. Fora Stool London ECZT SAQ 
01-588 1815 

hv Fund 41335 ., 430 

FteadH 1*75 .. 0.73 

Orpoad 1000 ..' £50 


2 Fora swaat. London EC2V SAQ 
01-668 1815 

Income 38088 • .. *53 

Accun £109441 .. .. 

Depot* 965 - 875 


Kan w Phh . atwor BS2 OJH 
0600 373393 

AmarGrorrh 230 2*5 -05 190 

Gouty High Income 424 4S2* -0.1 *30 

Etrapaan Gnmh 2SJ1 26.7 -0.1 100 

Genual Earn 385 41.1 -02 290 

Gfe&nxadbltGm 30.1 317 -03 120 

Git 8 Ffacad he 249 263 -03 950 

Index Seoirhas 2.7 27.1 . . 2 20 

Japan Grown 294 813 -03 090- 

161. Charade, union EC2V 8EU 
01-728 1999 




PO a w a, M anacR MBl 3NG 

Grow Trust £1196 1258 -006 368 

Straw 1229 129.4 -19 13S 

ONBIM ni M n M W Pff 
68. Cantor Strut. bgJBP BC«M 8AE 
Map 01-236 3885W7ff«0 

l uicaa aon N Growth IS*-* IOM .. 099 

Moamal. Grown 8*0 «5 .. 291 

MhddMda Ran E5 »*• .. 056 

Amenemr Gmwm 35.1 W6 .. 050 

Japan ORMti 575 go .. 13B 

EuetMi Grpwh 583 B2.4C . . Q00 

5*5 S&7* .. 00 

PseAc Grcnrt) 489 534W .. 02 

not heome 330 354* . . 752 

pitac* heome an »4 ..«» 

OoAceua 859 1BZT -..-23* 

01 -*05 8441 
Grown FM he 
heome Fat 
ht) BjnOf he 
Do Aceraa 
DM Trust Ine 
Do Acenm 

902 989 -02 296 

1355 14*1 -l* 206 

12Z3 130.1 -05 381 

123 Q+fl -14 12 

1259 1339 -14 12 

1279 1337* -07 275 
2203 23*9* -13 275 


48. Kan StraeL Hooray On Thames 
0*91 57BB68 

M Grown 2553 2749 

heme ISIS 207.7 

WorMwhe HflC 1413 1523 

Amar tenth 57-7 727 

he Emaro Co's 7 S 8 812 

Ft ESM Grain 699 7*1 

Eiropaan Gn 524 SG 2 

222. BMhopoMK. UhdOd EC2 


Han hence 

Com* GR 

SpwW Sa 

1007 1100 
UJ 634* 
979 10*9 
1619 1733 
1325 1*23 
89 4 7*7 a 
11&2 1239* 
883 953* 

-15 082 
-Ol *20 
-CO 12 
-02 0-75 
-29 053 
-12 097 
-02 1 49 

-05 098 
-09 4.16 
-07 521 
+15 013 
-05 1.14 

-19 12 
.. 890 
-U) 445 

Amar 8 Gan he 
Os Accun 

2329 2488 
2379 2520 

Aim' Twnamd me 2006 zi9.6* 
DO Accun 21*2 227 8* 

CapCal Tar he 2112 2248 

(KAeeun 2542 2704 
Cdn> 8 GJI he 83.6 9*2* 

Do Accun 1189 1254* 

Em he Tst he 18*2 I74.fe 

Do Accun 17*6 185.8c 

heome Trust i>85 1202* 

DO ACCUT1 1259 1328* 

M Grown Fd K 1629 1739 

Oo Acora 1809 1922 

Japan & Gan he B29 872 

Do Accun 829 860 

MooMy tneomo Fd 832 684* 

Reanary 1382 147.0c 

Do Aaun 1« 4 1S89e 

fijropaan Me 554 385 

Do Accun 55.4 583 

-59 .. 

-08 098 
-09 098 
-09 *52 
-10 1.71 
-1.1 171 
+04 051 
+04 031 

NLA Ttawar, Addkcomba Road. Croydon 
01-686 4355 01-828 8011 
Bnuh That mats 6228 5589 -29 325 

Cam Trust IMI 93 0 1043 -07 20 

0o«e» Trust unra 18*7 1905 -*6 191 

Euecean Treat 1182 1259* -01 0.79 

Far East Treat 1119 1189* -13 221 
Fnenow TTUR 3685 3922 -07 292 

G* Fixed ht he 294 308 -02 9.49 

DO CTO-h - 439 469 -06 741 

ttgll Yield Treat 659 . M2* -03 497 

income Treat 823 87.6 -04 *43 

hterwano nd ITT.i 1246c -09 2.1a 

japan Tam Tat 330 352 b -os oas 
Manm Rasoucai 28-6 305 -Ol 2.74 

aaeunty Trust 1833 195.1 -12 292 

SooSer Cos 00.4 902 -04 147 

Special sna 903 1014 -07 241 


32. Oman Amaa GAM. London 8W1H SAB 
01-222 1000 

181 BM A osam 1299 1373 -19 1.70 

IKIcns 554 590 .. SJW 

IBI Caplhl Grown 579 807 .. 290 

huns e naot Tst Fhd 859 700 -0.1 340 

51-69. Bud MS. Beret Essa 
01-478 3377 

Hohorn Eqwy 3277 - 

B«pr» 8S9 

Hohmn Comms 523 

Hohera Hut me ess 

Hohorn W S39 

Jwonaca 889 

N Amartcan 7*2 

HdBom Spec SA 6*0 

Mgham UK Grow® 813 

Hdbom Q* Trust 1883 

-14 3.1B 
-08 098 
-02 032 
-02 631 
-1.1 098 
-09 am 
-3.1 040 
-04 297 
-03 Z20 
-05 248 

31-45 Oashara Sl London EC3V 7LH 
01-606 4177 

Ptxham End. DorMng. Sway 

FP Equay tet 
Do Aeon 
FP Rxsd M D«t 
Oo Accua 
samrotfstap 0*t 
DO Accua 

1974 2095 
32B9 3492 
1143 122.1 
130.7 1399 
170.1 1805 
17S5 1855 

Caps* Acorn 282.1 300.1 

Enrnmr Treat 434 46.1 

Bam Mae 1818 172.1 

FhanoU 1634 1733B 

GW Sraegy 584 58.1 

Grown hras an a n t ztsa 29*oa 
In come 8 Gnwrfn 402 *27 

Ja p a n es e 6 PaoSc 154 4 18*2 

Nn Anar Grown 1003 1072 

1544 18*2 
1008 1072 
TOfi.1 1159c 
2103 223.7 
559 SBL5B 

-03 537 
+02 193 
.. 1.72 
-15 286 
-02 434 
-09 073 
-29 097 
-25 177 
-04 156 
+0.1 $71 

Smalar Co s 2103 223.7 -04 156 

GbMf he Tat 559 SUa +0.1 $71 

crown Hoot. WoHng QU21 1XW 
04862 S033 

MUr tom* Treat 3*08 2579 +0.1 AOS 

<£o*h Treat 2225 2389 -02 393 

Araanean -nut 1259 13*7* -29 074 

ttesgeW. Sumy RH2 8BL 
07372 42424 

UK hcoma 48.7 519 -Ol 447 

UK Grown Accun 488 529 ..243 

Do Dirt 489 529 ... 243 

Gunman Grown 405 519 . . ?8S 

Pacflc Grown 499 522 -02 . . 

* liamae Croaeoia. ErMangh 
031-228 3492 

Aisarfean Fond 712 782 -09 223 

Capital Fond 881 1038 +02 195 

Grown 8 he Fond 131.7.1409 -07 *2G 

rorai Ota Find 1089 1184 -04 550 

h& OTon a l Raid 1589 2008* -M .1.13 
Resources Fund 179 19.1 ' . . 082 

an* Jap Cura FM 387 392 -01 .. 

Tokyo Fund 152.1 W27 -22 015 

gul'AOT (2) 1479 1529 . . 358 

fed Japan (ft XM5 RJ79* +14 021 
JpPaaflcA 2S89 2675 .. 058 

ted smear Jap W 2053 2129 . . Oio- 

Evtvhm 28 9 259* .. 085 

Bah Road. ChSOniwnL GMucaaur GLS3 710 
0242 521311 

UK Balanced he 685 73.1 B +0.1 2«0 
Oo Aocun 08 6 7*2* .. 257 

UK Grown Accun 829 88.1 -0.1 1.88 

UK Mgh Inc he 659 803 -02 S .1S 

N Aoarcan Accun E3.7 879* -14 055 

F* Eastern Aeeun 888 924* -09 
E u opa an Accun 705 7S2 -05 190 

UK cars FI he 54.4 580* -OS 830 
Do Accun 581 599* -OS 795 

an Floor. 8 Dewxnttr* Sa London 
.01-283 2575 Deaang 01-S5 9131 
'UK Cap Fred he 974 1042 

Do Accun 1389 I486 

kraUFtard 782 64 B 

-Ranaon Exempt 1675 1752 

h Wf— an * 1504 1885 

US 8 General 59 1 635 

Tadt & Grown 685 712 

Japw A General 220.1 23SS 

IV East 8 Gan 97.7 1045 

EarapSMI Find 2232 2388 

Garmary FuM S8S 829 

US 6 GenUM 

Tadit Grown 
Japw 8 General 
Far East a Gan 
European Find 
Germany Real 

-09 250 
-09 250 
-08 810 
-19 190 
>12 190 
-19 090 
-2.7 1.10 
-19 020 
-OS 050 
+05 040 
+04 1.10 

20. Fancfxsdi Sl Undon | 
01-623 8000 

A mar Grown he 6*8 

Oo Accun 684 

Rind he TM he 197 

Do Accun 258 

HUI YWd he rns 

Oo Accun 2065 

hi Recovery Ine 1009 

Do Accum 1065 

Japan Grown he 979 

00 Accua 902 

BataOr CD's he 165 4 

Do Accun 2169 

UK Ea Grown he 287 

DoAceun 479 

Wortdwtds Toefi he 412 

Do Accua 41S 

-19 192 
-19 .. 
-09 252 
-09 .. 
-15 SSI 
-89 .. 
-14 198 
-1.4 .. 
+19 090 
+19 .. 
-1.1 298 
-IS .. 
-04 099 
-07 .. 
-04 099 
-04 .. 

Gwyges^Wajr. Shvenage Herts 

down Units 734 101 -1.S 296 

G * 6 Rxed W 1149 1189 +05 758 

Med heome Ur** 1139 1204 -20 541 

Mgh YM1 Gh IM 589 608 -Ol 897 

htT own UMB 1229 1305 -02 059 

N Araanean Untta 704 7*8 -29 042 

Far East UMB BBS 9S5B +15 0.15 

SreaCar cm Fund 872 714* -12 179 


llaeom Hsa 2S2. Roedard HCL £7 

01-234 5544 

khcn 1389 1474 -99 457 

2. St Mary Am. LondC 
01 -gg 121? 0 arBnp 01 

Amar Drown 992 TOSS 

O0 ACOTJ K02 1097 

Anar heart* 409 527 

DO ACCUI1 519 558 

European Grown 1194 1278 

0?teUB 1229 1303 

GsasiM 2485 2828 

Do Accua 4005 4269 

« 6 Fhad 862 90.10 

Do Accun 1004 1014* 

.toe* 829 88.10 

Do tacan - 919 974* 

h aroa donU ^S M69* 

. DO ACCtrai 77B2 29780 

[japan 1682 1782 

Do Accun 172.1 183.0 

Racovary T99 0 2117 

• Do fee un 2125 2268 

'Exempt DM 2369 2442 

: Baneil Accua 3622 3734 


Ccuiwood Has. fiber SL HOT, SMB 
0742 789842 

(Cra*U heome 77.1 82 2* 

• Do Acaan 1058 ni9o 

ComraorNy LGan 101.1 1079 

' Do Accun M2S 1519 


Hahn Sl EC4R MS 

SI SwatwB Lane. London EC«P 40U . 

01-280 5456 

MC America he 2815 2962c -77 1JB 

DO Accun 3028 3219c -85 122 

KC Energy Ra* 133.1 Ml 5 -04 278 

NC tacoS 899 965 -04 371 

NC Japan 181.6 1911 -17 001 

NC Smai arGaa 1404 145 -09 197 

NC tear Brrop CO-8 1655 T7S9 -19 056 

NC Exempt te £1318 1368 .. 840 

NC Amu Prop $1157 12.18 . . . . 

NC Property 1585 1602 .. .. 

rowan «Brausr 

33 KJnc TVMam Shaat London EG4R 9AS 

240 24*0 - 179 

7168 731.0 .. 216 

17*0 1775 .. 834 

3798 S878C -195 194 

172S T7U -15 24$ 

1245 125-5B -151217 

tou 2235b .. 020 

xgn YtekJ | 

MW htaraa 
Fu East (23 

1-823 57B6 Daalnp 01-823 

American Trust 
IiiiiWui Trust 
ftsbti Tat Accun 

Con— odY 9ea 
Eucpean Trial 
Extra Income Trust 
FV Eastern TruU 
Fixed tonraat Fuel 
GN Treat 

Global Fund Aeeun 
Do DM 

Gold Shun Trust 
Hedged Ameri ca n 
H0i heeme Trust 
Hong Kong Treat 
hcoma Fuid 

04 * energy Trust 
thecal Sto Treur 
UK Bair C9 tee Tat 

882 9*a* 
165 174 
S7.7 812 
505 539 
505 539B 
459 49.1 
47 2 507 
1225 1909 
297 296c 
259 290B 
1815 1719 
1599 1839 
109 112 

30.1 323 
1419 1512 

258 299 
75.6 01.0 
47.10 5C38B 
1372 1490* 
2703 2812 
309 327 
9T3 384 

70.1 791 

-24 o.OO 

+07 025 
.. 227 
.. £27 
-0.1 157 
-Ol 038 
.. STB 
-04 OOO 
-Ol 9S 
-05 081 
-09 022 
-06 022 
+0.1 254 
-14 030 
.. 185 
-04 320 
-024 151 
-12 080 
-20 271 
4ft1 150 
.. 073 
.. 148 

• Do Acnxn 
’ Exempt DM 
:Bunul Accun 

Euopean Aocun 
UK G* A R he 
Do Accun 

WhdiaOT Hae. 77. London WML London scat 

01-588 5820 

hd Growth 784 87.7* +25 198 

Amancan terah 637 SB 4* -17 085 

American he 669 71.9 -06 *88 

European Growh 1S53 2098 -0.1 028 

GcUAMherala 338 391e +03 255 

Japan Growth 1605 1725* +15 .. 


01-588 2777 

-OS 9B7 
-25 202 
+QJ 276 
-21 191 

Git S Read ht 123.1 127.8 -OS 997 

Grown Ecprtty 2016 2198 -05 202 

Gl*M 2895 2968 +09 278 

N American 1345 1429 -21 191 

PaOBc 2198 2338 . . 013 

Properly Share 2718 2884c -IS 158 

Sm aiar Oomparhe 2094 2228 +08 1.77 

Eucpaan Tr«u 221.4 2359* -05 171 

4— L, 

Do Acc ua 
ONI Fixed he 
Do Accra* 
Moh YMd 

Do Accun 
Japan APadfle 
Do Accun 
N Anxi Lan he 
Do Aeeun 
Euo G*i he 
Do Accun 
Smaiar CDs fee 
Do Accun 

895 7*1# 
558 974* 
809 93.7* 
1589 H&9 
26*2 2019 
17X1 1849 
2814 3009 
2809 2791 
2734 2812 
1095 1198* 
1317 1308* 
1095 1165* 
1317 13BJM 
1159 1235c 
1225 1SQ4C 


-27 081 
-27 091 
-0.4 *58 
-04 *58 
-05 198 
-06 199 
-14 196 
-23 198 
-17 747 
-14 747 
-04 45$ 
-04 456 
-87 192 

-a 1 02 
-1.1 080 
-17 080 
-12 258 
-12 258 

-02 241 
-04 241 
+19 378 
+14 378 
-02 758 
-03 758 
-03 982 
-09 988 
-05 642 
-09 542 
-05 391 
-08 381 
-19 OIO 
-8.1 0.10 
-17 179 
-28 179 
-05 191 
-06 171 
-0.4 207 
-05 297 

New HtS piece. Lreerpool L29 3HS 
051-227 4422 

EulSy Treat 887 889 -03249 

lor Treat 715 798 . -09 154 

Gh Tlmt 389 267* -03 91S 

US Treat 32.1 34.1 -09 145 

POOttc Baser TM 309 419 -Ol 054 

30 CMton GL Unfcm BC2 
01-980 0811 

Evay Dot 1195 1279* -09 148 

bo Accun 1879 1797# -09 148 

HMl hcom* Treat 92.1 B89S -07 *38 

bo Accun 1069 113L7B -07 458 

US Growth 505 607 -1.1 1-00 

Do Accun 577 614 -1.1 19B 

nmol London House. CMCAMMr COT TRA 
BBX 578115 

American Grown 919 975c -XI 078 

Crowd Accun 163.1 1949* -05 2-12 

Oft hcoma 664 594* -05 3.69 

High Nora 83.1 885* -0.1 *72 

nouns A Growth 1037 HUB -02 *13 

Japan terwM 83.1 885 +M 008 

Sped* 9ta 1119 11X1 -06 179 

20. Waehm Rd. RondOrd RM1 3LB 
88-73. Quean SL Ete bugh Bg 4NX 
(Rondord) 07O64BB8B Or (Site 031-Z28 7351 

2339 .. 013 

I 288.4C -15 158 

103. Hope StraeL Otago* G2 2W 
Ml 221 9252 

■Anurtcui 1129 1204 -19 382 

Eunpron 2219 2308 -17 1.11 

tetaar Cos 2135 2279 -08 088 


4a (tohnJ. SL EC3P sm 
01-023 4200 Bri 268 

NPI UK 2019 21*7 -08 £80 

DO ACM 3259 3407 -17 280 

NPI Oearaaaa 54X7 5839 -87 070 

Oo Accun 085 71X1 -64 070 

'Far EaM ACC 77.7 827 .. 0.10 

Amartcan Ace 579 B07# -09 150 
EuBpaon Ace 408 499 -0.1 090 

wondwld* Ace 465 495 -07 140 




Hgu Law Canpanj 

15 11 V 

60 « 

IX 93 

89 *0 

143 4$ 
106 32 

21 13 

22 10’r 
276 183 
123 MS 
297 204 
121 113 
153 131 
290 215 
250 105 

355 163 
180 133 

620 443 
40 16 

233 1*0 
55 61 

226 185 
82 68 
123 78 

21'j 12 
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210 IX 
198 125 
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158 115 
305 230 

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195 IX 
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109 84 

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36 23 23.1 

119 49 32 

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IO 19 PCI 

2SS IX tear &rstuns 

79 56 Pacta Stas 

140 ix P tahera ti 
545 206 Pwtteu Op 
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S3 30 Pawon 

175 1*3 PanwA^aa 

152 80 Peon Group 

148 63 tencom 

X 23 Pertans Ut 
2D0 145 Paws (McnaaQ 
27 18 temoi 

3* 26’, PbCMBy Ro*o 

116 2* Ret Pat 
67 31 Pineapple Dance 

33 25 Pusmec 

171 115 Baton 
283 115 ftdypta 
2*5 ISO Rolylech Muta 
156 83 Poweriha 

1*3 125 Pronuortu 
5'* 2 Propariy Tst IQp 
5'a 2 Do So 
306 150 OuestU 
43 18 Rate Oty -A- 
40 33 Remo Clyde 

IX 85 Rates 
40 14 Borneo CM 

105 88 Flanus 

88 *0 FM Tana Central 
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183 70 RMh OSS 

80 63 RoBe A NoOn 

176 146 RudW ID) 

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IX 115 

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112 73 

105 120 

106 71 
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320 171 
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173 128 


Singers Photo 
Saoptwe PM 

Scot HeresfiM 



Snare Drag Stra 
Shwoon Jcrws 
Snuarem Sec 
Snerwood Comp 
tea Catering 

Snowden Bridge 
Sim Bua 
SW Rbwch 
S pace Phrawig 

Spate Tah 

38 20 Spactrua 

99 B7 3p« 

71 60 SchUl 

220 » Suirtea Mual 

70 22 SUnetsn 

S3 71 Starting Pub 
38', i7‘> Sutegn Bam 
93 5B Suhertand (ET) 
125 110 Swmaon Pr Hasp 
230 ITS Sywncaro 

235 150 
200 110 
13* 117 

114 106 
IX 62 
1*6 103 
310 194 
205 15S 
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118 70 

5*5 360 
75 63 

56 47 

146 114 
50 32 

IX 136 
400 270 

X 55 
260 140 

7b *3 
310 *20 

IX 93 

9* K 
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106 78 

108 75 

19 U 
90 68 

M <3 
175 ISO 
9 4, 
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115 X 

X 48 
1S3 151 
220 165 

98 76 

TBS Stores 230 

IDS CMaas 175 

TWO Advert IX 

Task Force 114 

Tay Wrote ISO 

Tech For Bis 118 

Teen Comp 310 

Tel Sara hr 130 

ThgreiKjr 112 

Therm 5 m e h. 52S 

ThCrpw: 73 


Towngrada Sec *0 

Trade Promotei ISO 

T ra ncnenwiod 390 

Troon 78 

Tyne Teas A' 260 

roc Cerarac 73 

IUd ArwiUy OT 

Ud Pachagng 95 

Usher IFrankj B 

Viewftui X 

whpe Kan 60 

Wetsar Decrro 106 

Wetoac 16 

was Yonuiura X 

WMWUDi's Foot 55 

vweces 173 

waera s*u 8’. 

1W5wn (Had HMge 19'» 
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WoB 66 

WteMiar 152 

taduuamu Xg 

Xpfft 2005 

Yortc Mount 

York $ 

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as X 7 ix 

14 50 39 

44 29 109 

24 19 3ZJ7 

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29 29 
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69 29 109 
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39 X6 159 
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29 09 394 

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24 19 327 

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69 55100 
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14 7 J . . 

7.1 14 209 

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50 37 189 

74 19 18.8 

15 21 109 
109 72 $6 

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F*y Low Company 

financial trusts 














, as 




Q W Joftton and Co report 

SUGAR (Fran a CzxnBtow) 


Aug 12 * 3 - 24.6 

D9C 1389-484 

March 1482-484 

May 151 8 - 5 X 0 

Aug 156.0-57.4 



- 1349-48 






_ 1625-20 

- 1659-65 
_ 1695-92 

- 1725-20 

_ 1765-55 

- 1780-70 


& — 









Aug — 




_ 120 - 5 - 20 D 
_. 121 JH 0.7 
_ 121 . 0 - 20.7 
__ 1239-282 
125 CW 45 
_ 124.0225 
WWW. 315 

. 95.75-9550 

Dec 107 . 00 - 5 GO 

Jan 10925 - 8.00 

FW» 115 JO- 3 JX 3 

Martfi 12800-1200 

Vol: 3070 


PifcBl ta E par ra«tric tonne 
SRkbt in panoa par troy ora* 
Radon MUM A Ca UL report 


C 83 * 1 - 8739-8740 

3 month s 8880-8880 

Vol 5150 

Tone Barely Steady 


<Mi 8410 - 842-0 


Tone Quin 


Cash 24602*70 

Three Months — 2480247.0 

Vol 625 

Tone Steady 


Cash 47004750 

Three Months 

vot ra 

Tone — kSe 


Cash 50905 TO 5 

Three Months — 51206135 

Vd 3000 

Tone Barely Steady 


Cash 331.03320 

Three Months 33803 S.O 

Vfll M 

Tone Oust 

S 8 .VB 1 SMALL 


Three MonUn _ 

— 331 . 0-3320 

- 3380-3380 

N 8 



. Cash — ; 

Three Months _ 



- 750 . 0-7510 

- 7550-7580 


— Steady 


— 2585-2600 

Three Months — 

~ 2625-2630 




— — Firmer 


Epar tonne 


£par tome- • 

th Open C 3 US 8 

1200 1200 

1300 1320 

■' . 1740 1750 

. 1870 . 1870 
800 810 
Vot 1191 

C 9 LL FralRM PiOmmo Ud 
report $10 par index point 
height I nd ex - 

■ i .. 

• M *4, 

. . High/Low Close 
Jtrtae 574.05680 5880 


EXCHANGE. I ' 6750475.0 6770 

Pig Heat 

1 Jei87 6750-675.0 6770 

APTS' ' 7486 

JjrtW 8880 

0«87 ^ 7300 

Jan 88 .... 7550 

Apr 88 . . 8450 

G 8 t CB 8 ta^ 70 Op per to hr 
(+ 005 ) 

aa Sheep 17546 p per hg est 


GBtjjtps. 7408 p per kg lw 


Cane nas. up 120 Vans. - 


ttgh/Uiw Ctow 
Jtrt 88 .090990 . 890 

.Aug 86 . 990985 MS 

Sap 86 , 8920 

Dec 88 40«0 

M» 87 . — 1400 

Jun 87 ‘ TTO 20 

VotSZtofc A. 

Open Interest 45 - ■ : v« 





! rrp;- 





your card available when claiming. 

© Tlnn New spa pons Limited 

£ 4,000 ■ 

□aims required for 
+26 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 

E EagMriii i ■ 1 1 
Ep5'^T^ | i i n an ■ — 

Er 1 " ■ EBEE1B 

111 lull Mli || | j i |B 





Wl»:CT l W.BLI,tlll^ MII,'Mff.WCW.TO I 

Abboli Mod 

Bulmcr (HP) 


Industrials A-D 




Telephone Rentals 

Hardys & Hansons 


Murray Elect 

Fisher [Albcnl 

Br Syphon 

*CK UdL 



Industrials A-D 


Industrials E-SC 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £8X00 in 
Saturday's newspaper. . 






Hgh Low 



Cn'ge pern 

V P/E 







59 60. 


Ron E« Of Can 


14 - 



mSoSs 01 5001 





42 BO 
27 13* 



Sraoi Si Aubyn 




8® 44 



Stand Chart 



500b 89 99 







75 709 



W*4s Fargo 


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25 M.9 


• ) ** |*^B| JL. 

1 ~w' .1 


95-1 88%™« 

72v S7 1 .' Trass 

•i 90 

ts ISP 1 J ■■ 

160 87 1V2 
200 *7 93 
MS W 75 

112 75 

19 It 
152 84 
m 568 
318 233 
243 IBS 

57 37 
225 149 
352 203 
3U 250 
2S6 140 

79 63 

700 155 

52 W 
365 262 

sa 40 
212 162 
446- m 
K> 46 
62 «2 
337 237 
380 295 
753 156 
156 100 

53 25 

296 158 
160 B0 
114 86 

163 58 

358 250 
243 176 
290 B5 
373 233 
201 124 
«3 770 
433 265 
8? 51 1 

250 150 

58 33 

65 52 

313 241 • 
108- 81 
>9 16 

580 383 
32 18 

164'* 128 
I7*i 13'. 
260 150 
>90 120 
246 162 
24*. 15'. 
158 116 
45 22 
234 160 
488 168 
615 445 
148 74 

5« 31V 

168 96 

916 142 
134 84 

16*. 13 V 
253 170 
126 4« 

529 374 
250 170 
J60 225 
318 206 
273 190 
265 155 
190 118 
505 320 
323 225 
108 54 

103 75 

285 230 

Brown Boven Kent 98 
Bum (AF) A 13*. 

CASE 84 

C4M 6 WvrtMS 890 

CanOndew EMC 33 

CAP GO 200 

Cnume 49 

Do 7' *■ CPF 208 

ComcaD 320 

Day Elea 343 

Crystal** 232 

DM Eton 66 

DjbMitv I7J 

DewtkM A 44 

Demno 325 

DM4VM 8 MO 41 

Brower <82 

Ewctmtonioonemi 395 
Ewaimc 44acr> 95 

Eiwimc Renub 56 

Eros Lrgmmg 307 

Eiromenn 303 

Fain* Elect 160 

Far rank 114 

Fow*rd Tech 42 

GEC 204 

GroMenor 140 

Humane Elea 91 

tot Signal 8 Contra ?60 
Jones Stroud 242 

Kode 288 

Lee Remgeraron 263 

I r v yra 194 

MKQeci 368 

Memec » 

Mere BE 68 

Micro Focus 150 

UiAtone Elect 43 

Murray EMCt 53 

Newnurh (Lous) 313 

MB 97'i 

Oaonci . 18 

Ox lord Instruments S56 
pnenm 25 

FtiApS Fm 5* N E176 

pnwpa uum Nyv E13V 
Piles 260 

Da 'A Ltd Vomg 180 

^bTadr 25 n?v 

Pressac 138 

Quest Automaton 26 

Raca EMa tB6 

RotalMi 478 

Senoies iGHJ 585 

Snorrock 146 

Sound DUfusron 36 

STC 162 

Stone ma i«2 

Sg-nOeagnem 112 

TeMonone Ranms 220 
Teumotni 50 

Thom EM 487 

Thorpe (FW) 250 

TunsiaH 205 

UEI 316 

UrMBCti 193 

lito Dum 174 

Uid Soon Me 143 

vG tnunmems *9* 

volet 288 

Western Sanction 82 

Whawonh Elect 78 

Wholesale Fong 255 

43 43 93 
01 0 7 71 1 

19 23 70 

| 118 20 17 8 

-5 106 4 5 14 0 

21 II 


»4 17 201 

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+5 28 


r-2 4 1 

*2 89 


43 89b 

+8 88 
«2 31 


-2 07 

«2 61 

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1+4 10 


43 17 ID 


+5 14# 

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.. 07 

07 159 
13 385 
28 14 1 
97 21 9 

34 98 
09 219 
51 131 
23 133 
23 192 

82 15 6 a 
25 171 
22 163 

15 158 
2.1 17.4 
1 7 171 
□ 0 128 
59 11.7 
40 11 7 
25 7 7 
04 .. 
44 114 

6 9 601 
68 102 

07 21-0 
42 134 

16 3X5 

15 >07 

<0a 92 32 J 

41 om 02 . 

193 62 143 
-2 75 7 7 14 0 

. . 11 6.1 36 

25 05 243 

.1 1.6 6.4 124 

-I 575 «£ .. 

+ V 

75 39 142 

75 42 98 

42 72 32 165 

-5 31 32 201 

+1 .134 

B *». « 15 2S2 

+5 31 A 54 132 

37 19 270 

-V 08 12 7 0 

+2 100 


45 61 

145 25 

144 79 

43 85 


147 81 


-2 42 



Abngwonti 233 

Artken Km 134 

AnwMoasu 625 

taisz. 1 "* &V 

Candwer 257 

Cerareway 32 

Enuty A Gen 34 

Ivory 6 Suite 143 

Majedia ■ 189 

Nat Home Loam 74 
Do BN E94 

Newmarket 145 

18 08 .. 
32 24 56 
273b 4.4 6.1 

17 1 0.9 7B2 
5.7 32 402 

i 7 7.1 22.4 
68 4 B 196 
69b 4.7 37 1 

Hnandal Trusts appear on Page 24 


48 36 « 
208 180 
411 391 
347 I B0 
158 106 
111 78V 

138 102 
168 112 
100 57V 

138 82 
287 246 
160 13S 
142 112 
20 15 

1B3 127 
131 100 
245 172 
298 215 
168 113 
453 330 
101 72‘- 
410 333 
118 102 
230 179 
B5 S2 
178 129 
330 216 
73 38 
233 179 
140 67 

AIM CotakB 201 

AniMifieiii 405 

Ancnor Chemcai 244 

DTP 145 

Beyer DU50 Era 

BtKXlan 1 27 

Brent Owns 148 

Br Benzol 75 

Cannes) (W) 118 

Cook* 2® 

Coates Bros 13B 

Do ‘K 130 

toy (Horace) 17 

Cma 154 

Do DM 126 

BU 8 Euerard 2D* 

FOsooo-Mnsap ZE6 

Halstead Uanws) 163 

Hcfcson era 

HoecM DM50 £5'. 

imp Own Ina 972 

LAPOfM 222 

Lrwgh 102 

PJysu 230 

Reacraoh H«gs 59 

Remw ”2 

SNiA BPD 22f 

SuKfcffe Speakman (S 
WoWanhokne ftnk 231 
YvkSMe Own 132 

•4-7 100 


• .. 6A 

♦1 700 

+3 103 



-3 61 

• +1 107 

41 66 

.. 66 

• 41 


.. 124 


.. 21.4 

41*. . - 

41 47.1 

+4 118 

-1 64 

• 42 39 

•-1 66 

+4 65 



-2 11.1 
-1 43 



433 32B Grand MW . «8 43 

286 208 Kennedy Brocket 2» ■■ 

39i 312 LadD«*a 3K +11 

&4S 447 Lon Per* Hotels 
mo 76V Mount Cnarton «•/ 

105 67 Pnnce 01 W Haws W 

79 58V Queens Mow 57V 

405 371 Stoov HolWB A 373 

B1 56 5” *** 67 . . 

209 146 TruMwus# Fone 199 +3 



Angle TV -A- 






HTV Nfll 



LWT Htogs 



Scot TV ’A' 































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98 63 
to ra 
208 135 

18 7 

650 »7 
62 40 

720 525 
358 236 
174 84 

53 41 

400 305 
564 426 
2S8 145 
152 116 
385 300 

99 68 
438 216 
516 34B 

88 .75 

715 610 
220 13* 
274 194 
134 39 

179 105 

133'. 5> 

198 1B3 
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165 87 

B* 5* 

150 £ 
232 172 
545 304 
14'. 830 
11 721 
307 190 
33 25 

43 28 
162 102 

88 76 

36 2* 

132 ’!?■ 

S* 1» 

830 710 
205 165 
231 183 
350 23 
228 179 
836 560 
21* 112 
297 189 
353 3M 

81 55 

130 100 

166 TJB 
370 220 
179 >35 

44 31 
370 tffl 
150 7£ 
1*8' 102 

364 234 

72 47 

90 65 

365 265 

24 16 

*£ 27 

S23 *13 
75 *0 

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188 170 
196 158 
370 173 
340 235 
17B ' * 
925 *30 

Alexon 189 

Aquascukin) 'A' 67 

BwMe Uwnes) A' » 
Benttto 181 

Blochs LB« 9 

Body Shoo 570 

Bremner « 

Brown (N) 7M 


Cantors JA »Z7 

Cash* (SI J7 


Coats VryeU 518 

CornbmM EnffM 731 
COUIS inwi) A 126 

DAKS Simpson 'A 300 

DeiMWM (U) “ 

Dhrara Grp 

puma “S 

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Cowmans Op 
Gre-nsn 530, 

nils E12 » 

to -A £10'- 

Hams Queenswey 2J® 
Heiene 0* London 26 

muse Ot Loose )57 

Jones (Emwo *•, 


Lee Cooper 
LwenSi i«0WF 

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Moss Bros ow 

MSS Nnrsesants ® 

SKrtGl 3»S 

pSBSt wiiHt . 

ss^sr s, | 

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SmrthfMfl'A ffl* 

PO 8 =8 

Stanley (*C1 

SmrertJUW *5., 

Standard 11 J 

Sonne Cubes j 

SotagwH Bmt *™ 

Ttm-CcmateM SB 

Tana Proouas ■ 

Tp Top Drug 

WW Group 343 

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221 +3 

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356 -5 


228 -2 

438 +3 


303 +5 

313 +5 


355 -ft 

290 «-S 


181 +1 

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423 *+2 

181 4.0 

90 40 
80 69 
1BO 27 
60 60 
IIO 51 
86 26 

12.1 40 

66 *0 
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280 60 

11A 27 

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218 50 

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14.1 4 7 
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185 52 

187 87 

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20 lO 

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• . . 50 1.7 88.6 

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BO 30 166 
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Cooson (FI 73 

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Couretev Prve 406 

toean De Oroot 62 

c.ey KOKimn 1E6 

C.->en Mouse 22l 

CummifK 3 ■*. [181 ' 

DSC 38 

DPCE 267 

togeiy »6 

Dana Cl ■ 

Davies Sue a 63 

Da««s 8 Neuman 220 

Da*n 127 

Cm La Rue £i0'- 

Deoa 217 

Oentend Sumpnq 258 

Desoutier 265 

CMUufl Reel 17V 

Optoma 228 

Dotson Part 100 

Dam 105 

Donwnon Ini 108 

Dvueh 121 

Dyson (JftJl 88 

313 Z4B Eastern Prod 
221 158 ion 
277 214 ElS 
*2 29* Ee-jr 

153 to?' Beco 
28'- 17-- Eieoinhn (AE) 'B 
104 52 Emon IB) 

2Bu IB* Emnart 
381 262 Engwn tone Clay 
28‘- 19' Encsson (LM) B 
16* 134 Enfcme House 
177'. 130'. European Femes 
140 112 Do 5". Prt 
342 158 Evered 
■ 33 in Evooa 
CO 127 Expamei lm 
415 375 Enw 
SS 32 Falcon 
4? 26 Feewu Agnc bid 
143 106 Fenner UH) 

75 60 Fife hidmar 

628 406 Frjons < 

67 35 Ftorwinon 

124 84 Fievdb CAW 

69 31' Fobal 
123 100 Fogarty 
*1 . 27-. FoKs Group N(V 
199 157 FomeroUi A Haiwy 
67 5i French (Thomas) 

131 84 GO U 

385 256 GKN 
310 260 on 

118 60 Gantm Eng 

147 100 Gestenw 
150 11) Qeves 
IV. 756'. Gtano 
344 194 OrmufO 
505 325 Coring Kerr 
238 107 Granwan Hugs 
312 206 Conada 
10'. 6'* Groveoeb 
93 59'. HaM PreOSadn 

232 134 Hae Eng 
162 126 Hal IM) 

265 110 HabM 
280 230 Kama 
39 25'. Hampsoi tod 

49 2* Ha rumen 

191 141 Hanson 
l 90 145 Do fl-v Cnv 
1 IB 98 Do S'.% PI 
1 24'. 116*. Do I09i 

190 133 Hargreaves 
225 175 Hams |Ph*t» 

623 *31 Hewher Stodiftiy 
iso 92 Hawley 

158 81 Hay iNormanl 
22i 1*0 Haowonn Ceramc 
201 98 Hestair 

9ft 85 HM U) 

1*2 122 K^igata a Job 
81 62 Hadis Bros 
106 68 Hob Lloyd 
285 148 Hopkfeans 
120 91 Howden 
15V 11V Hudson Bay 
31D 234 Hurnmg ASSOC 
115 88 Hunting Group 
265 207'. Hutcmn Whampoa 

191 119 IM 
315 211 l Miron 

295 265 Jacksons Bourne . 
123'. 96V Jarthne Man 

615 473 Johnson Cleaners 
218 133 Johneon Maaney 
44V 22'. Jonmon A FB 
330 23S Johnston 
1*0 06 Jones A Shipman 

132 87 Jordan (Thomas) 
29 2i habmazoo 

38 25 KMon. 

325 188 Kottey tod 
130 105 Kennedy Smato 

296 230 Kerenaw (A) 

210 123 Kiean-E-Ze 

64 3* 137 
>6 it I 23 135 
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-1 46 4 3 16* 

125 32130 
32 52 277 

68 4 1 135 
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104 38 1i 0 

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143 54 65 

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90 04 . . 
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129 59 154 
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TTWCi 140 

Turner A News* 22i 


Un*Touo 108 

. Unievar f17 '. 

Unaever (nvi C7S' 

Vito 273 

Vchers 453 

Vcw Proa JOS 136 

Vmwi 135 

VOAsuegen [19 

W5L 191 

Wade Poitenrs 143 

-Wagon tod 220 

WWerford toss 13* 

Wetsnams ■ 191 

Wedgwood 316 

Whatman Reeve 270 

(Meet (James) 16? 

UMtoms HUgt 610 

W«B Go 136 

Moiseiev 528 

Mood (W) . 68 

wood (5W) 40 

Ultooaiouse A Ra 79 

wyiwum Eng 71 

Vsrroiv 790 

Young (H) 143 

29 2 1 152 
10.7 49 55 
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IB 15 24 1 
552 32 159 

-1 73 

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-1 11.1 
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-1 35 


-30 200 

-3 *.7 





Gerocr Energy 
Global N Roe 




44 121 

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391 3.4 





Go Urns 




952 . 


85 120 


. 101 









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65 76 


















89 59 


226 182 
26 22 
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355 223 
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336 226 
301 235 
431 213 
954 701 
954 720 
706 515 
3*9 2E7 
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224 179 
420 281 
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285 220 
348 223 
15 - 12 
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450 361 
967 766 
+20 328 
424 346 
445 400 
773 520 
927 712 
550 120 
474 394 

-6 .75 41 153 

19 05 42.7 
-5 85 32 145 

"V 293 5.1 158 
» . 36 1.9 125 

-1 . e 175 

.. 107 35 121 

.. 55 40 90 

53 *6 153 
29610.7 90 
♦V 1.7 58 203 

■+S 114 41 135 

20b 17 211 
.. 214 7 8 230 

*10 7.1 14 45.1 

39 22 

317 2*1 
323 216 

75 42 

77 41 

34 19 

113 68 

86 64 

68 53 

35 23V 
230 179 
135 99 
7ft 59V 

227 159 
226 134 
*80 319 
396 306 
115 64 
50V 32 
383 255 
160 121 
79 43 

288 IBS 
125 78 
695 *95 
79 52 
86 66 
143 65 

85 SS 
663 360 
80S SZ5 
194 128 
91 55 

78V 61 
125 70 

196 '63 

318 212 

*2 20 V 

216 158 

LDH 35 

Lop 261 ( 

Land 2« 

Lawtex « 

Lae 1 Arum) 69 1 

Lrfecare 19 

UWdvrt 10° 

Unread 80 

Do DM 106 

Lon A Nton te 

Lon 1 ml 205 

LOTOonlnd 213 

Low A Bonar 468 

ML Hogs 390 

MS I nr 111 

MY Dan 44 

Macaflhy* Rami 380 

Madartana 151 

Meoauen IPAW) « 

McKacme 228 

M agnpW 1« 

Mancnaner sum 60S 

Ma nganese Broun 74 

Marshall (LoWeyl 133 

MeruiaRs Unw 72 

Mananas 615 

Meta) Bo* 785 

Mem Closures 138 

Mecalnw ?? 

imOki Cons ra 

Mntoed Soman i» 

Moans 173 

Morgan Croons 30i 

NeaosenO . 35 

Wi (J) 171 

Newman tods 37 

Newman Tonics 150 

Moore A Land 116 


Narcros . 273 

Othce Elea Mwto 235 
Parlor Kim* 'A *31 

Parti Place 333 

Parrish JT 940 

Reason 580 

Peek i|v 

Peertess i23 

Pegiat- wm eoaey 817 

pSSSno tod 9*5 

PhottMA* El3 

Ptoehc Conw V 


Fewer QiadBum 303 

Powal Ouhryn 306 

Presiwch Hlogs 119 

Pmcnard Sanr 125 

RMP 186 

Raoent Uatai lffl 

Bar* 5JZ 

Reneorne Sana 108 

RaicnHs ( & Bnflp e) 120 
RacUt 6 Cotrnan 824 

Redfaam Gtosa 110 

Reed Emcum 340 

Reed w . Eip'- 

FWvon 171 

Renoid 71 

Reatmor 90 

Reurera *|i 

Heunore 36V 

R canto Eng l« 

Rcnard [Leesl » 

Rchardson IW« - 37 
Hawnson Res _ iob 
R ooeuon (Thonwfl 3ra 
Rocfcware 47 

Ta- is 

■ ss r t|' 

RuHeMA) 100 

05 1*21.1 
79 30 256 
86 30 11.1 
3.6b 50 73 
30 49 99 
. . . . 139 

32 39 199 

as 45 64 
35 66 166 

19 69 iao 

142 79 169 

74 109116 

65 12 179 

5.7 27 16.1 
139 29 159 
11.1b 28 219 

0.7 06 159 
1.4 39 139 
136 39165 

35 93200 
27 4.1 122 
1430 63 11 0 
49 49 105 
65 13 232 

43 69 67 

23 28 10.1 

59 39 103 

29 40 178 

IIO 19 219 
27 1 35 109 

96 7.0 20 7 

39 40 135 

6.1 9.7 94 
5 5 45 12.1 

113 65 90 
121 4 0 169 

01a 03 161 
10 0 59 61 
.11 3D 561 
103 69 125 

10 09374 

14 2-6 607 

133 49 129 
12 1 61 99 

ISO 35 157 
65 29 262 

143 26 167 

.. .. 464 

90n 73 169 

265 49 121 

2.1 09 25.8 

75 05 337 

199 47 27 0 

45 4 9 14.4 

105 33 139 

15 05 . . 

21.7 7.1 151 

10 09 25 6 

39 29 359 
64 39 123 
39 29 . 

215 4.1 163 

7.1 39 16 1 

3.8 10 43 

229 28179 
29 1.4 125 

64 19 152 
321 32139 

68 39 137 

29 41 69 
5.7 63 139 

4.6 09 37.1 
1 4b 39 144 

4.1 29 162 
• *3 *9 99 

.. .. 169 

39 33116 
.. ..*57 


93 1l7 65 
93 79 85 
.. . 12 

7.7 66 104 
23 23255 








































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Alar A Aha 
Am Gen 
Com Unon 


Gen Acodem 

Heath C E 
Hogg Ronmaon 
Legal A Gen 
London A Man 
Lon Uto ton 
uarsn A McLen 


SedgvMch Gp 
Smart Wr son 
Shuge Midgs 
Sim ABance 
Ski Lite 
Trade todemmy 
was Fsoer 

99 52 

100 40+. 

B90 33 .. 

85 24 249 
426 49 .. 
169 63 .. 
96 34 .. 

tawstment Trusts appear on Pago 24 


Barr 1 WA A 135 

Boose* A HauAcas 155 
Brem waMr 152 

Camoan *6 

CnrysWtt ISC 

Fvsr Leisure 3&B 

GRA 58 

HerrSuger ftooks 85 
Honzon Travel 116 

im Lawn 1W 

JUSTUS Mags *2 

Lee tod >65 

uaaimm i*5 

Ptaaaurama kb 

Reaay UaWW 388 

R>u» Leeure SO 

Saga Hoadm 164 

Saimieaan Gp 240 

Toxtenham Hotspur 7! 
, Zeners 170 

10 0 7.4 10.6 
.. 232 
79 52 11 7 

14 30 123 

60 *2 125 

69 22 200 

.. .. 467 

.. .. *25 

63 54 66. 

71D 59 89 
43 102164 

79 5.4 97 

10.7 35 123 
16 1 41 160 
.. . 27.6 

69 49 139 
34 14 139 

57e 60 129 

61 66 145 


13- 5 
10 .638 
57'- 3* 

58 33 

40 23 

41 23 
198 120 
425 250 
160 02 
21'- 11'» 
358 732 

89 43 
534 419 
531 314 
200 105 

9'- 4V* 
13N 7V 
7'. 3'- 
255 150 
594 256 
205 129 

195 85 
390 220 

4’- 2'* 

9 4*- 

213 93 

75 » 

8- 4'- 

10 6 

10 '- 6 

478 313 
63 35 

102 70 

375 178 
158 91 

9- 4V 
350 165 

61 47V 

12'. 5- 

6v 3V 
IBB 85 
13-. 6V 
410 170 
157 81 

28 15 

123 63 
23 14\- 

26 6 
9 SV 
655 S?0 
5'. 2- 
142 73 
44 25 .' 

260 200 
22'- II 
128 90 

289 205 
25 11 

445 200 
69 16 

296 225 
791 511 
7'. **- 
lOV S’- 
166 70 

31 M- 
556 300 
138 80 

136 75 

569 300 
59'. 33 V 
5*4 238 
105 55 

90 *5 

17 10'. 

545 788 
310 128 
29'- 15‘- 

196 11* 

■265 123 
140 80 

17' 7-. 

56 25 

16 . 11 
56 26 

Ang Amar CoM 
Ang Am 
Am Goto 

Ayer Ktam 



Can Boyd 
Cons Gotohekts 
De Bean 


E Daggas 
B Dip 
E Raid GOU 
e Raw Prop 
FS Cone 
FS De* 

Geevor Tel 
Gen Mnng 

GM rougoorti 
Gruenaflcn Res 


Matoysan Mnmg 
Metals Eap 
Mtodto Wto 
New wns 
Nth Broken Ml 
Ntn Kaigub 
Orange Free 
RKMtog Tei 
PKo waHend 
Rand miw Ud 
Rand Mnes Prop 
Rantf o nw m 

Si Helena 
S* Lend 
Sungto Be» 
Van Reels 



wsnue CoBery 
Western Areas 
Moslem Deep 
Western Unmg 
west Rand Cans 
Whan Creek 
W" pngd 

Tomaa Copper 

+1 271 60 .. 

)+V 142 5.7 .. 

I+V 142 5.7 . . 

475 339 .. 
+12 790 2E7 .. . 
+10 260 274 .. 
+V 262 223 .. 

+10 350 78 li.0 
*8 IflD 42 .. 
+5 49 30 .. 

.. 929 18* .. 

+'. 126 159 .. 

*10 129 39 ’ 

-3 69 13 139 

+8 1*9 113 .. 

+13 269 109 .. 

600 129 
870 119 
469 7.7 








1.4 142 





10 a 

72 U 



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72 1*9 



Hanrson CroaheM 


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73 183 







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Jacks (Wm| 


1 8 

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77 62 



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4 1 12-3 



Tozer Kemstoy 






Yule Cam 




51 M 



5* 0 277 
1 4 1.0 32.B 
828 129 .. 
170 87 .. 
3*5 -63 s. 
893 13 7 .. 
400 112 .. 
29.0 363 .. 
115 16.1 . 

100 13 .. 

ao M .. 

120 63 69 

551 129 .. 

31.4 52 89 
2&0 44 4*9 
125 19.6 .. 
iao 21.7 .. 
118 09 .. 


+13 *69 122 .. 
+1 V 556 144 .. 
+8 5« 0 203 .. 

159 259 . 
+5 49 88 65 

+18 67 0 20.7 
+13 ZLO 14.1 .. 
+*- 171 105 .. 

+6 30 25 .. 

+5 129 89 .. 

-7 37 142 


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Assoc Br Pom 29B 

Br Commormeahh 278 
Cawarea 2*3 

Fmer tJ»ne« 

SSsUO 1 ? 

LJeroey Docks 35 

Ocean Transport 216 

P 4 0 Dto 50i 

Runoroen OWanr) 126 
Team* 306 

Turnout Scon 380 

7 1 24 165 

71 26 195 

71 29 423 

47 64 112 

17.9 37 233 

5 .1 69 563 

. . . . on 

.. .. 37 

93 43 99 
229 4.6 14 4 

71 59 198 

59 17 419 

129 14 533 

fC 235 

Appward lg 

■ Armstrong 124 

BSG «'■ 

Bhairoi Bros 

Sramjl (CD) •»* 

Br Aerospace- 495 

Br Car Aucaons 132 

BL 51 

Caiiyrs a® 

Da« iSodtmy) «0 

Oo-ty 219 


FH Group 322 

FcvP ««nr IM 

Gates (Frank G) 76 

General Motor 2« 

GUnlWC Lawrence 92 
□roup Lotus 133 


Honda Motor «8 

Jaguar 558 

h+n-Fn iii 

Le< 357 

Ujchera 159 

Lucas 611 

Pen* gp iZf 

PUUdOnS (CB) « 

Ouch (hq ra 

Supra 51 

Woodroed (Jonas) 57 

7A 311B4 
+2 7.1 5.0 66 

.1 22 1 ft 169 

+1 19 12 152 

.. I .. 

-2 111 16 169 

+15 229 4 ft 10.4 

1-1 59 38145 

a ! 79 34 ' ; 

+2 59 26 90 

• . 64 59 99 

*1 79 33 169 

.. 4.6. 14 216 

0-2 70 41 _ 


* :. ::«9 

» . . 18 49 117 

-21 3ft 09 . 

+8 123 2 2 118 

61 46 100 

30 27 15 7 
-2 15.1 42 202 

+1 76 48 101 

+1 157 28 123 

-1 6 A 50 116 

> . 64 99 9.7 


360 290 FB 320 

206 154 Gamer Bonn 15* 
45 32 Heads™ Sans ** 

218 IM Lambert Howarth i» 
6? 68 NewboTO 6 Burton 76 

114 B2 PflWd .191 

157 118 SettoB 6 Ftaner 1*6 
273 158 stylo 228 




asm* Nawepap* m 
Bnsroi 5® 

eowjpwj ^ 

DC A 333 

EUAP A gg 

EMAP * a« 

Hsvnea PubMhmg 375 
Home C0K»es 175 
moeoendani * 
im Thomson 562 

News baamMOnal eg' 

QciaOuS 53a 

Ponsnouth Send H5 

Toney M 

Did wwipapan 393 

-5 80 

-7 8.1 

.. 143 

-10 329 
+10 11.1 
-5 11.1 

• -5* 

+5 200 


. 129 

• . 14 0 

-V 1*0 
-5 95 

•+1 57 

-2 21.4 

. 229 

573 205 
290 I3S 
142 97 

106 86 
144 123 
113 80 

76' 53'. 
315 190 
IBB 74 
276 196 
57 42 

.171 11a 
50 25 

110 88 
1(3 88 
57 33 
210 90 
75 47 
ISO 13! 
183 138 
115' 64 
93 B1 
115 71 
22 10 
158 9* 
42 30 
155 109 
3* 23 

182 133 
70 48 
126 67 
188 95 
205 ra 
109. TS' 
350 23S 

Aihaa Tew 300 

Alfens Bros 290 

Beam (Jonrq 142 

Beckman (A) 105 

Br MOKur 132 

BUme< & Luma 107 

D " n -3 

CouaUas 292 

Crowthor (J) 15B 

Dawson 258 

Debron 50 

Don Bust 170 

Dura M* 40 

Foster uonri 81 

Gashen Broaokum 9a 
NeMig Peneeosi 41 
Ingram |HarWB ITS 
Jerome f5l 71 

Lamom 15* 

Leaps 1B1 

uaer 10JV 

Lvtec (&) 5 

Marta y (Huron 105 

Munon lG . 

ParUand A 1*1 

Raaacut 39'. 

SEET 133 

Snaw Carpen 23V 

Sirdar -148 

Smaasnaw (R) G9 

Stroud FUey 124 

Tewed Jersey, 179 
Tomluneons 190 

Tootm lO*' 

YorWydo 315 

99 29 125 
14 3 99 9.6 
0.7 1.6 . . 

62 *4 99 
4.4 58 230 
62 58 73 
11-4 78 59 
6* 29 282 

107 1G 209 
100 3* 179 

59 42 61 

82 78 123 

88 6.5 as 

71 66 186 

5.7 78 .. 
93 32 99 
2.1 13 129 

89 3/ 139 


4 6n 2.7 129 
57 143 5.4 
50 62 7.1 

7 9 11 7.1 

39 29 229 
*3 61 59 
B4 42 100 
80 44 117 
1.4 U 92 
82 90 173 
69 83 152 
0 .. 56 
6.9 49 17.3 
23 58 91 
73b 55 5* 
25c 106 13 1 
64 *3 119 
39 57 63 
43 35 63 
79 4.4 118 
86 45 151 
5.7 55 109 
10.0 39 99 


431 306 BAT 

167 127 Be moa n s B 

395 +4 173 44 103 
160 +1 96 60 77 





Mail group move spells riches 

Newspapers are migrating Consolidated Bathurst of 
in d roses from Fleet Street to Canada is £300 million. 

London's docklands, skirting which leaves the rest of the 
the edges of the City. The group including, crucially. 

financial community howev- the national newspapers, the 
er has been slow to take on regionajs. the oil and gas and 

board the full implications, the company's property, val- 
even though the changes are ued at just £100 million. 

taking place on its doorstep. That figure is based on a 

Associated Newspapers, market capitalization of £401 
which yesterday announced million with the shares at 

its results for the six months 3360 

!? March P 1 ?" 5 - 10 Given thal these businesses 

its prim works for the Daily 
Sail. the Mail o„ Sunday 

,hV more than £25 million which 

niSEC could rise to £45 million once 

Standard to Surrey Docks by ,u , J ~ "“S TZ 

■l. j ions the migration eastwards is 

lh ^*” 8 ,L complete, that valuation 

The journalists and adver- * . v 

Using staff will probably be l™** wa- 
rehoused in the centre of Since The 
London, leaving the existing Rupert Murd 

Since The Times and Mr 
Rupert Murdoch’s other ti- 

Fleei Street buildings free to ties moved to Wgpping in 

be redeveloped. January. 

The cost of this exercise Newspapers 

shares have 

witt amount to £130 million jumped from 220p to a high 
spread over three years. As of 3S8p. While other factors 

the com pan v is charging re- could have played their part, 
dundancy costs as they are Mr Murdoch seems to have 

incurred above the line, prof- stirred some investors into 
its will be under pressure in action. Others should follow 

the short term. But in the long ihem. 

Sunimnom'iffion^ Birmingham Mint 

Pro His will therefore be 7J 
boosted by that amount plus IrfOlip 

a reduction in redundancy r— — — - . 

costs once the new plant is Some small comwnies are 

0 P fn ra ihe n ti ret half of the year Jut others are distinctly for- 
redundancy costs of £4.4 

optimistic about big bang, 

million were charged against 
profits, but thanks to a sea- 

latter believe that the market 
in their shares will be so tight 

SSS favourable bocSt ^t investors will be fright- 
front the company's North ened of buying shares in case 

Sea gas interests, profits rose lh ey^not sell later 

from £16.4 million before tax 
to £l°.2 million. The compa- 

The approach taken by 
Birmingham Mint, which is 

nv h owe ver gi ves a wumiTg 

that the full-year result will be should appeal to shareholders 

down on last year's. 

During the transition to 
new technology. Associated's 
shares should probably be 
valued by reference 10 their 
asset backing, rather than the 
depressed profitability. 

The market value of its 
shareholdings in Euromoney 
Publications. Reuters and 

should appeal to shareholders 
— the company plans to 
become bigger so that its 
shares will continue to be 
freely traded. The chairman. 
Mr Colin Perry, would like 
the company to double or 
treble in size in the next two 
to three years. 

That will require the com- 
pany to make several acquisi- 
tions. The first priority is to 

Race against time 
for Bank of China 

From Stephen Leather, Hong Kong 

Builders are working 
around the clock so that a 
superstitious Chinese bank 
can finish the first stage of 
Hong Kong's tallest building 
on what it hopes may be a 
lucky day. 

It signed a new deal with the 
contractors. Kumagai Gumi, 
because the bank believes that 

completing part of what will 
be the world's eighth tallest 
building, and the largest out- 
side the United States, on 
August 8 , 1988, will multiply 
its good fortune. 

Kumagi's project manager. 
Mr David Stiff said: “It is 
quite a challenge, but it is one 
of the provisos of the contract 
thal the work should be 
completed in- lime for the 
bank to benefit from the 
agreed date." 

The bank is being built on a 
site which was sold for a 
“friendship price" of HKSl 
billion by the Hong Kong 

The Bank of China wants 
the first IS floors ofits new 70- 
storey Hong Kong headquar- 
ter! to be completed on the 
eighth day of the eighth month 
in 1988. 

The building contractor was 
on schedule to finish the first 
stage of the HKSl. I billion 
(£91.6 million) project three 
months later, but the number 
eight is finked with prosperity 
in Chinese superstition and 
the bank decided it was too 
good an opportunity to miss- 

government at the height of 
the property boom in 1982. 

I NTM ENTS”’' ' : 

Bureon-Marsteller Finan- 
cial: Mr Tony Slaughter has 
been made a director. 

GEI International: Mr Mi- 
chael Hale joins the board as 
group managing director. 

International Distillers & 
Vintners: Mr Colin Gordon 
has been made managing di- 
rector. He is also chairman of 
W & A Gilbey and IDV (UK) 
Sales. Mr Howard Smith be- 
comes deputy managing direc- 
tor of IDV (UK) and Mr Ian 
Ritchie chairman of Peter 

Dearie & Henderson: Mr 
.Alan Yates joins the board. 

Alliance Capital Manage- 
ment International: Mr Mark 
Breeder* has been appointed 
vice president, portfolio 

Turner Kenneth Brown: Mr 
Nicholas Shepherd and Mr 
Anthony Wales become 

Information Resources: 
Mrs Louise Connors becomes 
managing director. 

Ogilvy and Mather Direct 
Mr Rod Wright has been 
made deputy managing 

Boulton & Paul: Mr Roy 
Hammond becomes manufac- 
turing director. Mr Richard 
Drake, Mr Nick Davenport 
and Mr Mike Miles join the 
manufacturing board. 

Tucker Fasteners: Mr Den- 
nis Marrison has been made 
marketing director. 

Whitworth's Food Group: 
Mr Barry Skipper has been 
appointed non-executive 
chairman: Mr PD Clayton 
and Mr MC Fisher join as 
managing director and finance 
director respectively and Mr 
AH Noble and Mr CP John- 
son become non-executive 

Drayton Consolidated 
Trust: Mr Ladtslas Rice 
and Mr Alexander Reid 
have joined the board. 

Factors Chain Internation- 
al: Mr Philip Black has been 
made chairman. 

(RPC: Mrs Linda Beilis 
becomes a director. 

Systems Designers: Mr Bill 
Patterson and Mr Andrew 
Peters have been appointed 
directors, finance and com- 
munications division and Mr 
David Bunting director, com- 
munications operating group. 

buy an electronic component 
manufacturer for £2 million 
or more to join the existing 
components business which 
accounts for a third of profits. 

Yesterday's results for the 
year to March 29 demon- 
strate the strength of the 
existing businesses, with 
group profits up from 
£957.000 to £1-63 million. 

The company is building 
on its existing consumer busi- 
ness. Meanwhile the £1 
million investment in Acsis 
Jewellery has yet to perform. 

Assuming earnings per 
share increase by another 20 
per cent the shares at 193p 
are trading on less than 10 
limes earnings. That multiple 
takes little account of Mr 
Perry’s ambitions. 


doors, are contributing 1 1 per 
cent of profits. A third found- 

Indus tries 

A door is no longer simply a 
convenient way of allowing 
people to pass through walls. 
It is now a piece of high-tech 
equipment which may have 
to meet specifications ranging 
from energy conservation 
and fire protection to with- 
standing hurricanes. There 
are folding doors, electroni- 
cally operated doors and a 
whole host of other types of 
industrial dosings. 

Harrison Industries, which 
is coming to the market by 
way of an offer-for-sale, is 
primarily a manufacturer of 
industrial doors, built accord- 
ing to customers’ require- 
ments. It has about 25 per 
cent of this specialized mar- 
ket and doors account for 80 
per cent of turnover and 
profit, which in 1985-6 to- 
talled £21.8 million and £2.4 
million respectively. 

In addition to doors, Harri- 
son is involved in castings 
and power transmission 
equipment External sales of 
castings from Harrison's two 
foundries, originally needed 
to supply the castings for 

cent of profits. A third found- 
ry is being built at a cost of 

The power transmission 
company was started to sup- 
ply Harrison's requirements 
for equipment used in the 
electric operation of doors. 
External sales are providing 
10 per cent of profits. 

The offer price of 150p 
capitalizes the group at £17.6 
million. A total of 3.3 million 
shares, or 28 per cent of the 
company, are being sold. Half 
of these will be new shares 
raising £2 million for the 

Harrison intends to contin- 
ue expanding, both in its 
existing markets and into 
complementary activities. Its 
foray into domestic up-and- 
over garage doors through an 
acquisition made in Febru- 
ary, 1985 has proved 

Indeed, the whole domestic 
door industry is ripe for 

In the last five years, 
turnover has grown at more 
than 20 per cent and pretax 
profit at above 70 per cent 
annually. Earnings a share for 
the year 10 March 31. 1986, 
were I I. 2 p and the shares are 
being offered on an historic 
price- earnings multiple of 
11.2 and a yield of 4.7 per 

Harrison has two main 
competitors — the quoted 
Hendetson Group and a sub- 
sidiary of Tarmac The three 
companies between them 
have over 70 per cent of the 

Mr Ken Harrison, the 
chairman, disarmingly re- 
marked that as newcomers to 
the market they need to 
prove themselves. Conse- 
quently. Harrison Industries 
is being offered at a discount 
of about 20 per cent to the 
Henderson Group's historic 
multiple making the issue 
look extremely attractive. 



New York ( Reuter) — Wall 
Street shares received a boost 
In early trading yesterday as 
investors sought bargains af- 
ter the three-day sell off. Blue, 
chip shares were fractionally 
lower, bat most of the otters 
were higher. 

Bond market yields edged 
lower, diminishing concern ex- 

pressed on Tuesday when the 
rates began rising. . 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average went two points higher 
at the start, but dipped later by 
0.85 of a point to 1819.88. 

Safeway was leading the 
active issues, np 4% to 58%. 
Gap at 78% was op % and 
Whirlpool rose 2% to 76%. 

AMR 51* 

ASA 31 

Aikad Signal 42*' 
Anted Stir. 48* 
AasCMims 4* 
Alcoa 36* 
Anaortnc - 12* 
Ain'nla Hs 19* 
Am Brands 94* 
Am Can . 77 

Am Cynm'd 73* 
AmEfPwr 26* 
Am Express 59* 
Am Home 88* 
Am Motors 4 
AmSfnrd 40* 
Am Trteph 24* 
Amoco 59* 

Armco Start 8 
Asarco 15 

As Wand O* 55 
At RKfflrtd 50* 
Avon Prods 33* 
BkreTst NY 46* 
Bankamar 15 
8k ol Baton 38* 
Bank ol NY 60 
Beth Start 13* 


BseCascde 56 
Brden 46 

Bg Warner 34* 
Bnst Myers 83 
BP 34* 

BuiTtonfiid 39 
BurttonNtn 62% 
Burroughs 69 
CmpbSSp 81% 
Can Pacific 11* 
Caterpillar 50* 
Celanesa 206% 
Central SW 31* 
Champion 24* 
Chase Man 42* 
ChmBkNY 49* 
Chevron 37* 
Chrysler 35* 
Crtccro 58* 
Clark Equip 21* 
Coca Cote 40% 
Coter» 40% 
CBS 140 
C'ttxaGas 43* 

Cmb'tn Eng 29* 
ComvrttlBi 31 
ConsBfcs 43* 
Co Nat Gas 29* 
Cons Power 11% 
Cntrt Data 22 

CPC Inti 67* 
Crane 28* 

CmZeJter 37 
Dart & Kraft 60% 
Deere 27 
Delta Air 40% 
Detroit Ed 16* 
Digital Eq 86 
Disney 48* 

DowChem 54* 
Oressertnd 17* 
Duke Power 45* 
DuPont 78* 

Eastern Air 9* 
Estm Kodak 55* 
Eaton Corp 67 

EmersonB 84* 
Exxon Corp 60 
F«j Dot SB 8i% 



MENT TRUST: Interim divi- 
dend 1.7p (1.37p after 
adjusirrient for sub-division) to 
reduce the disparity between 
payments. The final will be not 
less than 3.5p. making a mini- 
mum toial . of 5-2p for 1986 
(against an adjusted 5.07p fast 


VICKERS: In the formal offer, 
document for the Leagas 


Oetanev Partnership, the com- 
pany says that trading continues 
to be “very satisfactory" and 
that the extra income from new 
business gained earfier in the 
year will be generated in the 
second half. The directors are 
also confident of further fresh 
business gains. 

GROUP: A cash-and -share offer 
is being made for the United 
Permanent Building Society. 

• ELDERS IXL: Elders Fi- 
nance Group has agreed to take 
a shareholding of up to 5 per 
cent in a new Indian investment 
bank. South Asian Financial 
Exchange, subject to Indian 

were received for 2.03 million 
shares (about 95.6 per cent). 

• WEDGWOOD: Sir Arthur 
Bryan, the chairman, told the 
annual meeting that trading had 
remained buoyant in the first 
three months of the current 
year. There bad been a further 
increase in sales and a signficant 
advance in profits compared 
with the equivalent period last 

• R W TOOTHILL: Year to 
March 31. Total dividend raised 

to 8J5p (7.5p). Pretax profit 
£316.000 (£307.000). Earnings 
per share 27.78p (25.7p). 

INCOME FUND: Six months 
to May 6. Dividend $0.48 
(same). Income from invest- 
ment and bank deposits (net of 
witholding taxes) $393,708 
(£256.400). against $367,199. 

• WICKESt The chairman told 
the annual meeting that the 
board remains confident that 
1986 will be another year of 
profitable growth 

GROUP. The joint chairmen 
say in their annual statement 


• EVAN! 



Adam & Company 


Citibank Savings! ' 

Consolidated Crds 

Continental Tiust 

CwHwaBve Bank 

C. Hoare & Co 

Hang Kong & Shanghai.. 

r Lloyds Bank 

! Nat Wesoninsttr...* 

Royal Bank, of Scotland... 

TSB..- : 

Citibank NA L 




.... 10 . 00 % 



-. 10 . 00 % 

-. 10 . 00 % 

- 10 . 00 % 

10 . 00 % 

- 10 . 00 % 

-. 10 . 00 % 

,.. 10 . 00 % 

dividend 4p (3.37 p) for the year 
to Match 31 last. Pretax profit 
£5.03 million (£4.43 million). 
Earnings per share 8.92p (S.5p)_ 
The board reports that the 
investment portfolio is more 
than £64 million — 55.99 per 
cent of which is in commetciaf 

ANCES: Year to March 31. 
Total dividend cut to Ip (2.5p). 
Sales £3:38 mif/ioit (£3.23 mil- 
lion). Pretax loss £1 7.900 (profit 
£127.900). Loss per share 0.7p 

• scornsS television: 

Acceptances for the rights issue 

l i Mortgage Base Raa. 

that trading m the current year 
has started well and they view 
the vear with confidence. 

NATIONAL: In the formal 
offers for Florco. the board 
reports that the group's perfor- 
mance so fer in 1 986 has been 
mixed.' Bt# the directors believe 

that the group is well placed to 
continue to strengthen its 

Richard Langdon. the chair- 
man. told the annual meeting 
that the first five months of the 
current year had been in line 
with expectations. 


STRUMENT: Year to March 
31 last. Final dividend 0.67p. 
Turnover £57.69 million 
(£52.25 million). Operating 
profit £5.15 million (£4.84 mil- 
lion). Earnings per share 12.3p 
( IG.9p). The chairman. Mr Ter- 
ence Gooding, says that the 
scientific instrument business 
produced another record 

• BET: The company has de- 
clared its £35 million bid for 
Shorrock wholly unconditional. 
Since the offer was announced. 
BET has bought 3.6 million 
Shorrock shares and has re- 
ceived acceptances for 8.9 mil- 
lion. It now controls 52 per cent 
of Shorrock. 


dividend unchanged at 2.75p for 
the year to June 30. Investment 
income: franked dividends 
£788.000 (£1.07 million), 
un franked £4.35 million (£3.39 
million), unfranked interest 
£765.000 (£2.53 million), de- 
posit interest . £280.000 
(£980.000). \ 






Human Resources 

S.E* London c £13,000 

■nw is an western opeamjretjr to cJwrtcp yewsrtt and 
R g CTtmg to ttw Company S acrewy you a 

aga atona l service to tne anhwriar y compan ies and tee 
actively nvoived tea range rt tegal mattes. 

In yow iwd-twerties. a Chartered Secmtvy or about to 
quatfy. you have two yean relevant expenance. You an 
confident with good co nimmcBtio naUaandaaaraKe- 
owuatad approach to your work. 

Salary Is for Ascusson sound the figae indicated and 
benefits mdude cantrfeuKxy pensions scheme. 25 days 
hetiday and staff ksxhean fsetaes- 

Ptease **nf8— in confidonca-etthcv and cwTaatsstey. 
Lyme Ste*ensreCA21 129. 

Continued growth in demand for our consultancy - 
services in the fields of human resource development, 
motivation and reward provides oppor tun ityfor abte and 
experienced people for the following appmiitmaits at _ 
Senior Consultant level.- . 

HAY-MSL Selection and Advertising Limited, 
52 Grosvenor Gardens, London SW1W QAW. 

OtBces m Europe. Vmftimnaa, AustrstasaarpAsa PSefc. 


Royal Military College of Science 



The Royal Military CoHege of Science is 
expanefng its work in the area of Small 
Arms and Light Weapons by setting up a 
spedafist Unit. 

A vacancy exists as Head of the LWc. The 
post demands the highest academic, engi- 
neering and administrative sktis together 
with considerable experience in the subject 
of small arms and fight weapons. The 
scheduled woric involves a very high degree 
of awareness of the subject, an abSty to 
lead a team and the understanding 
demanded to complete Important work on 
time and to budget 

Salary range - £18085 - £20920 per 
annun, currently under review. 

The appointment w# be Smited initially to 
be period of tfvee years. 

For an applic a t i o n for and further particu- 
lars, phase contact the Personnel Office 
(HQ) RMCS Shriveoham, Swindon, Wits 
SN6 SLA. Tel (0793) 7825S1 Ext 
2421/2403 quoting Ref. MMCE 14/88. 

Remuneration Services 

Candidates, ideally graduates aged 30/40, with hroad 
experience of personnel services in iadustxy or ammerbe, 
will have specific knowledge of job evaluation, salary 
structuring and senior management remuneration aid 
benefits. They must have the personality and maturity to 
inflnenceand gain -acceptance at Board Ievd-ihgifoglaittiRl' 
companies. Ref 4141 

Behavioural Scientists 

- to work in the field of performance analysis and tile 
facilitating of beneficial change in individuals and > ~ - 
groups. Candidates, appropriatelyqualifiedamd probably v 
over 35, mil have gained relevant experience m using - -■ 
anal yti ca l techniques including time spent in a busin ess ' 
environment, and most be capable ol communicating - " . 
effectively at senior management level iu a wide ratigeof ' 
industries. Ref 4142. 

Training Designers * 

- will have experience of analysing performance 
and training needs, and designing and implementing 

or staff levels. The age and formal qualifications ofcan 
didates are less important than practical competence and 
credibility. Ref 4143’ 

Organisation and Motivation 

- to join the team in Scotland and the North of v- 
England working on a broad range of consnitancy projects 
on the human aspects of the introduction of new tedi- •• 
nology and productivity. Candidates, ideally 35/40 with, 
an engineering, accounting or business qualification will 
have a demonstrably successful career to date and the 
personality to gain acceptance at all levels in an 
organisation. Ref 4144 

The scope for future career development is excellent. 
The remuneration package will include attractive salary, 
performance related bonus, company car and contributory 

Please write with full career details - QQ : : 

indicating the appropriate reference, to 
A. J. Edmondson. ■IfijfmR 

Executive Search and Selection. Kn%fatsbridge House. 
197 Kniphts bridge. London SWT lRN 


etmatng drum: 3 M Jmly mfc 





Wnh 500 employees, our Company is an independent 
dtsflUer bea known for ourworid lamous Beefeater 
Gm An excumg opportunity exists fora young 
personnel, compuzmg professional to improve an 
departmental systems, both computerized and manual; 
present hardware is an IBM PC YOu will also 
undertake personnel research projects, including 
re -writing the pofcies and procedures manual. 

You should possess a lelevant degree or pad-graduate 
experience: some famihartty wffhmtcro-comptiungis 
essential Career development prospects are exceSent 
and could fee within production management or 
information processing 

Please nng for a description and appfcation form 

orsendac.v. plus a covering lener 
explaining your interest to the Company 
Personnel Manager: Janet Same. 
James Bunough PLC. 

Beefeater House. Montford Place. 
Kenningion Lane. London SEl 1 5DF. 
Tel 01-735 8131 

Whitehall Laboratories, a division of 
International Chemical Company Limited 
has a vacancy for an 


The position is based at our London Head 
Office; It involves responsibility for a wide 
range of Secretarial functions. Including 
Company and Employment Law compliance 
commercial contracts. Insurances and ' - 

miscellaneous legal matters, reporting to the. 
Company Secretary who is a full Board 
Member. An appropriate professional 
qualification is expected. 

welcomed and treated in confidence bv the 
Director °f Personnel. Whitehall Laboratories 
11 Chemes Street. London WC1E7ET. ’ 
Please quote reference "V/ACS". ‘ 





We are currently looking for STAFF with 
management capabilities who would feel at 
ease both wearing and selling our exclusive 

If you are interested in joining a young suc- 
cessful company, please contact 

Jacquie Beer 
1-981 3931 on Friday 

or send written details to 

French Connection, Hancock Road, 
Bromley-by-Bow, London E3 2QR 


ICG. House, OkffieW Law North, Greenfati Middx. UB6 (ML 
Confidential Appdcnt Response ft Evaluation. 




Location: SOUTH EAST p*. 

Amalar Industrial corporation needs a number of Process Eftgkiaon to 
atrengthan a highly profMESkaial design and devetopmont team. 

_Esa«nttal hQredtonts in your background are a BSC Chemical Enotafterina 

Inw^t^siyandrtonandinanaBanwntofothartoam m an ib ea. 

torJSSrrttin ** ***** *** <***» <*Wn)Mtton and 

toduM relocation aartatanca. - Raf: AB/3/D1 


Experienced Sales Person required for 
our attractive Beauchamp Place shop. 

Attractive remunerative package 
offered. Reply in writing with C.V. to 






Location: SOUTH EAST ^ 

An unusual land demanding appoMmant aidats wtthfn a complax htoh taefr- 


antonmanuara varied android tavohw proje cts coa«i5«lo£»0n^oa 
_ YowtiariqroikidsftxjMincttida tanSoo « 

tinandal or m anagement accounting oxpsitanoo and Si^MnlD' 
"wdoitoB. You rt iouM have a degree tevrt education. 

ixaiarablyiatetod tobutincaa. fo fiowa d byanaccotarife^[qiia^i3itk>n. 

Rafc 1/2/1 IS 

PHONE 01-575 7070 NOW! 



Required to assist with com- 
pletion of an archaeological 
pradierL and peswbito to su- 
pervise an area of the site / 
volunteers. Retevam degree 
and or experience highly 
desi table. 

Tel: 01 600 3699. 

Oam date » J7 86. 


Of "A* level standard to work 
in a lage Maine Underarit- 
rng box at Lloyds. 
Iiranedate start. 

Daphae Viney 




SIA is a leading UK computer services organisation/ ^ Among 
our products is WORKPLAN, a highly successful and unique 
software package which produces and costs- staff rosters 
WORKPLAN has a prestigious client base, and SIA is 
committed to the continued development of the product 

Software Products 

We now need an adefitfonat sales executive, who 'will have 

a convincing track record as follows: 

Service in Informatics & Analysis Ltd 
Ebury Gate, 23 Lower Betgrave Street, 
London SW 1 W 0 NW Tel. 01-730 45W 

• Proven sales or marketing experience . . f 

• Familiarity with data processing technology 

• First-hand knowledge of manpower, planning or shift-based' 

Based in London, the successful applicant will be ambitious' 
and highly motivated. A high base salary is offered, -and the 
package includes a quafity car. . 

In the first instance, please send your CV to: 

Alan RusseUr Head of Information Systems. . V. 


^' ou % 


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*" * "■ •“■- -SrZ':}^ 

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July 10, 1986 

T n ^ er a Labour gqvern- 
; | | “«* in 1976:. few 

'•I 1 shopfloor workers {8 

‘ * P^ r cent) . believed 

'• _»« profit is a ■ dinv 
mosl (S6 per cent) said it them to “live in 

, fLS^iwS? pnse society"' and 
jwariy aU .(98 per cent) recognized 

*«SS P ?!I ieS i ne ^? 10 kee P some 
prom to plough back into the 
■company^. ... 

50 “ J 979, when 
Mrs Thatchers Government took 
“Hcmptoymem has risen 
TTOrn 1 .3 million to 3.3 million, the 
number of people self-employed- 
™ 1 . nsen from 1.8 million to 2.4 
million, the total workforce has 
Jailen from 23.2 million to 212 
million', the purchasing power of 
the pound has declined by a third; 
the eounuys gnp fell between 
J979 and 1982, and only .in the 
pan two years has it surpassd the . 
•1979 peaks; the size of the 
.manufacturing sector has declined 
‘by more than 20 per cent. 

■\ A major social change during 
;lhe decade has been the shift 
■ among shopfloor workers in 1976 
’living in council houses to, in 
11985, being mostly owner-occupi- 
‘ere. Another has been the doubling 
.-of the number of workers who are 
also shareholders in British indus- 
~..lry. A majority recognize they and 
their families are better off finan- 
‘cially now than they were a decade 

Has this brought about a signifi- 
,cant shift in shopfloor workers' 

attitudes to industry? In 1985 IBM 
(UK). Shell (UK) and The Sunday 
Times agreed to co-sponsor a 
study to update a MORI/CBI 
1976 survey on employee, atti- 
tudes and understandings.. Some 
of the results appeared in January 
in' The Sunday Times. But what 
else did we learn from the survey? 

Structurally, men account now 
for 75 per cent of full-time workers 
(90 per cent of working men work 
full-time), and women 25 per cent 
(55 per cent of working women 
work full-time). Nearly half (44 
per cent) of workers are under 34, 
47 per cent 34-54 and 9 per cent 55 
ana oven only a quarter (27 per 
cent) of workers now work in 
manufacturing industry and con- . 
strucrion, fewer than the 30 per 
cent who work in the public sector 
(including the 7 per cent who work 
in a nationalized industry). 

Two-thirds (66 per cent) work 
for private companies or are self- 
employed. Thirty per cent have 
worked for their current employ- 
ers for more than a decade, 40 per 
cent less than three years. Sixty- 
two per cent have fewer than 100 
employees at their workplace. One* 
worker in 20 works for a company 
owned abroad, and men (end 
more to work for private compa- 
nies and women for government 
or in the retail sector. 

One striking finding of the 
survey was that in 1 976 more than 
four m 10 workers (42 per cent) 
said they “could do much more 
work in their present job without 

too much effort", ranging from a 
third (32 per cent) oi workers in 
small companies to more than half 
(57 per cent) in nationalized 

Now. a third (33 per cent) of 
shopfloor workers say they could 
work harder, including 26 percent 
in the private sector and 35 per 
cent of workers in nationalized 

So while there has been a 
decline overall and in the nation- 
alized industries, still more than a 
third of nationalized industry 
workers, despite massive de-man- 
ning, say they are underworked. 
Even a quarter (26 per cent) of 
managers say they are under- 
utilized as do nearly four in 10 (39 
per cent) of workers aged 25-34, 
men and women alike. 

Workers overwhelmingly reject 
the idea that they are “not 
interested in the 
company/organization l work for, 
it’s just a job” Three-quarters (74 
percent) disagree, and only one in 

The case for 
reforms in 
our industry 
is put into 
figures by 
Bob Worcester 

six (18 per cent) agree. 16 per cent 
of men, more younger than older, 
and 22 per cent of women, and 
even one in 10 managers. Pan- 
time workers (29 per cent) are 
twice as likely as full-time workers 
(15 per cent) to consider their 
employment “just a job”. 

During the decade there has 
been a major emphasis on im- 
proving the quality of manage- 
ment in Britain through training, 
education, and associations such 
as the British Institute of Manage- 
ment The need to do so was 
evident in 1976 and has become 
acute since then. In the survey a 
decade ago, 86 per cent of workers 
(and 89 per cent of managers) 
agreed “there’s a big need to 
improve the quality of manage- 
ment in Britain". Last year 76 per 
cent of workers and 70 per cent of 
managers agreed, a distinct im- 
provement over an appalling score 
of a decade ago. yet three-quarters 
still believe there is a need to 
improve managerial performance. 

The table encapsulates bow 
little change there has been in the 
'way workers then and now' per- 
ceive behaviour on the shopfloor 
- and the studies measure percep- 
tion rather than any abstract truth. 
On the plus side, more (+9 per 
cent) now believe workers work as 
hard as ihey can. but still only 44 
per cent of British workers think 
this: more (+9 per cent) now say 
their mates do not “work to rule", 
but still only 37 per cent say so. 

Disappointingly, there has been 
no change at all in pride in the job, 
and only marginal shifts in time- 
keeping. absenteeism and being 
good in their jobs. 

Len Peach, as president of the 
Institute of Personnel Manage- 
ment, said priority should be 
given to action by indusify itself to 
increase an understanding of in- 
dustry. His point is supported by 
other MORI research which has 
shown that the strongest impact 
on the image of companies — thejr- 
corporate image — is from their 
own employees as goodwill am- 
bassadors. stronger than company 
advertising, products and services, 
facilities or other forms of public 

But his point is that if employ- 
ees know little about the company 
they work for or, worse, hold it in 
low esteem, it is unlikely that they 
will use their efforts to promote 
Industry Year. And the compari- 
son of 1976 with the attitudes in 
the 1985 results tend to show that 
job satisfaction, information cred- 


Which of these apply to the way workers on the shopfloor in your com- 
pany behave? 

Willing to work overtime: 58% (1976) 62% (1985) (+4) 

. Good at their job: 58% 61% 1+3) 

Arrive at work on time: 59% 57% (-2) 

Work as hard as they can: 35% 44% (+9) 

Avoid unnecessary absenteeism: 45% 42% (-3) 

Not "work to rule . 28% 37% j+9) 

Proud of their job: 29% 29% (0) 

Help and encourage others to do a good job: 30% 28% (-2) 

Source UbRl 

lbtlity and other altitudinal mea- 
sures of worker psychological well- 
being' have declined during the 

Satisfaction with the organiza- 
tion as a place to work is higher, 
perhaps surprisingly, in big com- 
panies, not smaller ones; is worse 
among people employed in gov- 
ernment and the nationalized 
industries (perhaps correlated 
with too little to do?) and best (!) . 
in the retail trade; job satisfaction 
is equal across all types of employ- 

If companies are going to be 
successful in getting their own 
employees to take the lead in 
meeting- Industry Year’s objec- 
tives they will have to do some- 
thing about these and other 
altitudinal barriers among their 
workers such as: 

• The majority (56 per cent) who 
say: “By the time management 
gets around to telling us things we 
have heard about them through 

other ways." (66 per cent in public 
sector agree) 

• The majority (53 per cent) who 
say: “Management is more inter- 
ested in giving employees its own 
point of view than they are in 
listening to what employees have 
to say. (60 per cent in public 
sector agrw) 

• The majority who agree (50 per 
cent) against 25 per cent who 
disagree that “the information 
management gives is frequently 
unfairly slanted to give employees 
only what management want them 
to know”. (56 per cent in public 
service agree) 

• The iwo-thirds who did not 
agree that “my company is leaner 
and fitter than six years ago". 

Bob Worcester is chairman oj 
MORI, the opinion poll organiza- 
tion. The MORI "Altitudes to 
Industry" survey' was conducted in 
October 1985 among a representa- 
tive sample of 1,019 employed 
adults in 170 sampling points 
throughout Britain 

Appointments Phones 01-481 4481 

Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 





m * 

ML.***# 1 " * 

# »«*■* * 


Apex Recruitment Services Ltd 

52/54B Regent Street 
Leamington Spa 
Tet L’Spa 24154 

25 Horsefair 

Tet Banbury 55225 



Private manufacturing company are 
seeking to recruit person experienced 
in maintaining statutory management 
accounts. Controlling budgetary and 
cash flow planning and able to estab- 
lish a - standard costing system. 
Industrial experience essential. Pos- 
sibility of Financial- Director, position^ . 
Contact Banbury Office. 


COVER U.K. c£15-16k PACKAGE 

Our clients, A Leamington based com- 
pany engaged in the sales and 
distribution of linear measuring equip- 
ment, seek an experienced “hands 
on” achiever to assist in an exciting 
period, of expansion and who will, ap- 
preciate the challenge, opportunities 
and extensive range of benefits asso- 
ciated with this appointment 
Increasing involvement in company, 
’policy leading eventually to 
Directorship. ' 

Contact Leamington Office. 



cEIQ.500 + CAR 

Part of large profitable group, our cli- 
ents _now seek to appoint an 
experienced sales engineer with solid 
background in motor control centres. 

but- experience and ability to make im- 
mediate Impact is of prime importance.. 
Contact Leamington Office. 

yts co-ordinator/ 


„ itvr Harrow based secretanal 

Required for 

chafengira ^srtwio.^ involves .iec- 

Please write, enclosing CS. to- 
Mr S C P Connors 
Manage Dirwtor 

AD.M. House 

5-9 Headstone Road -Harrow 

Middlesex HA1 ipl 

Tel s 01-863 0621 



As one of tie UK's largest and most successful operations, 
responsible for 1 % of the Gross Domestic National Product Tesco is 
changing the face of retailing. 

Our commitment is to the future, with major investment in aH 
aspects of our business -supermarkets, giant new superstores and, not 
least in the training and development of the young men and women who 
will have the challenge and responsibility of managing and developing 
our sophisticated operations in the 1990’s. 

The Tesco Retail Management Training Ran is a tangible 
expression of this commitment -a newly introduced career path with 
structured training in the professional disciplines which comprise Tesco 

retailing including, DP appreciation, space management, man- 
management and stock control. The timetable is designed for early 
promotion, taking you from Store Management Trainee to Department 
Manager withfen eighteen months. Superstore Management, where you 
could be responsible for an annual turnover of E20m, is a real possibility 
while still in your twenties. 

If you are graduating this summer and ready to take advantage of 
the real professional opportunities which the Tesco commitment offers, 
write for an application form, telling us something about yourself and 
which part of the country you'd like to work In, to Mr P. J. Lemon, 
Divisional Director, Retail Personnel, Dept, G, Tesco Stores pic., Tesco 
House, Delamare Road, Cheshunt, Hertfordshire EN8 9SL 


The British Computer Society 


The British Computer Society represents the computing profes- 
sion in the United Kingdom and received its Royal Charter in 1984. 
The Society seeks a Chief Executive who will report to the 
President He will be responsible for the implementation of 
policies decided by the Council of the Society; establishing the 
voice °f the Society extending its membership and ensuring its 
proper administration. 

Candidates are likely to be between 40 and 50 and will have 
managed a significant business or management services function 
in a large company, in addition to having considerable experience 
in the application of computers. 

The position calls for strong management skills and experience 
in representation at the highest level. 

Write in confidence enclosing a full c.v: to Michael Burkham, 
i The Corporate Consulting Group, 24 Buckingham Gate, 

V. London SW1E6L& 

Project Management 

Chesterfield c £20,000 

The British Telecom Pension Administration Centre, just 
south of Chesterfield, is fhecentre for one of the 
country's largest staff superannuation schemes, with 
over 220,000 members and some 130,000 beneficiaries 
both current and deferred. 

We are atf7«rrfty looking for an experienced 
professional to manage an innovative computerisation 
programme forthis office. This initiative will provide a 
comprehensive offik^pufomation and pension 
administration system to cover the full range of activities 
in the Centre. Your role will be to manage all aspects of 
the project and the succeeding future developments. 

Candidates mil have a strong project 
management tnxk-reajrd. Excellent interpersonal sLalb 

are essential and a computer qualification would be a 
distinct advantage. Pensions experience whilst obviously 
an advantage is not a pre-requisite. 

Starting salary is around £20,000. Benefits indude 
relocation where appropriate. 

Please write, enclosing a Full CV, to iAnn Hulberfc 
Management Recruitment Unit, British Telecom, 

Room 26/48, Euston Tower, 286 Euston Road, 

London NW1 3DG. Closing date for receipt of 
applications is 21st July 1986. 

British Telecom is an equd opportunities employer. 



London based commodity firm seeks 

Account Executives 

. with a minimnm of two years* experience . 

We are members- of the I.C.C.H. and 
associate members of the London Terminal 
Markets! We offer 24-hour foreign exchange 
and clearing facilities for all the major 
exchanges worldwide. 


For more infbrmation call or write: 
Beverley StansfTeld 
Edwin Douglas Limited 
Ames House 

6 Duke of York Street * > 
London SW1Y 6LA 
Tel: 01-839 1322' 


For a well-educaied individual (preferably 
graduate) to train as a Financial Planning Ad- 
viser with a leading brokerage based in 
London and the West Country. The successful 
applicant will be (1) aged 21-30. (2) self-moti- 
vated and hard-working. (3) a good 
communicator. (4) looking for an exciting ca- 
reer. In return, the position offers (!) full 
training and support, (2) an exciting working 
environment. (3) a stable career with a profes- 
sional . organisation. (4) an attractive 
remuneration package, (5) a wide range of 
long-term opportuniues with one of the most, 
innovative and dynamic companies in the Fi- 
nancial Services sector. 

Teh Graham Hooper or Robin Bloor on 

or write to:- 

Chase de Vere (Investments) Ltd 
63 Lincoln’s Inn Fields 
London WC2A 3JX 


We’ve interviewed scores of high flying birds, but not one that 
measures up to our down to earth requirements for s PURCHAS- 
ING DIRECTOR. The successful applicant will be responsible for 
the performance of a team of nine irrepressible Buyers covering ail 
areas of retail trading except comestibles. Current turnover ap- 
proaching thirty million pounds and increasing rapidly. Plans to 
expand this FAMILY Group require that a thoroughly ‘Good 
Cookie' with old fashioned standards of integrity should join us in a 
lifelong commitment to HIGH DISCOUNT OUT OF TOWN RE- 
TAILING from unique COUNTRY LEISURE PARK rites. The 
applicant must be the hardest nosed of ‘Wheeler Dealers’ with wide 
buying experience at home and abroad and well schooled in LIQUI- 
DATION and CLEARANCE STOCK buying. It is important in a 
relatively informal close knit team that the successful applicant does 
not wear authority on his/her sleeve airs and graces do NOT 
impress us! Ability, hard work, total loyalty and a pleasant, cheerful 
disposition are the qualities we seek. Measure up to those high 
standards and you have a most satisfying, happy and highly rewarded 
long term future to look forward to. Write in first instance to ... 
Bruce Robertson, Chairman, Trago Group of Companies! 
Twowatersfoot, Liskeard, Cornwall. 


Recruitment Advertising 
Executive Search 
Management Selection 
■T0 International Recruitment 

178-202 Great Portland Street, 
London WIN 5TB. TeL 01-631 441 L 
8 Mathew Street Liverpool L2 6RE. 
TeL- 051-236 1724. 

Credit Review 

c. £15,000 pa + 
valuable benefits 

Persona! Loans, H-E, 

inducting a generous law-cost loan and 
mortgsge, non-contxftialoiY pension plan and 
private medical care. 

valuable benefits 

Citibank Savings O 

Just becauseyouareout of ajob 

doesn't mean there isirt 
a job out there for you! 

Mary people assume that A is 
imposstote to find “the right job for me." 

(fe so naturalto mahtain a blrkered 
view of your own potential that ttb 

For thirty years we have been 
Striving for the best 
Now its your turn! 

Telephone us to arrange a 

hardly surprising if you fail to achieve confidential personal assessment 

your true potential 

Chusid lander can change afl that 

without obBgption, or write to: 
The Administrator, Ref C/7/1 

We are a #oup of specialist career 3E*/37 Rtzroy St London W1P 5AF f 

consultants whose sole function is 
to guide executives and professional 
people to achieve their personal and 
financial ambitions. 

We guarantee that we wfll commit 
our time and effort until you are 
satisfied that your career objectives 
have been reafced 

Then you can really celebrate! 

enclosing a brief career summary. 

LONDON 01-580 6771 
BIRMINGHAM 021-643 8102 
BRISTOL 0272 22367 
MANCHESTER 061-228 0089 
NOTTINGHAM 094937911 
GLASGOW 041-332 1502 
BELFAST 0232 621824 



FINANCIAL management 


FPS /Management) Ltd is a leading firm of financial advisors and because of phenomenal 
ex^nsion in l 986 is looking for outstanding individuals to complement its London based team’ 

°*Tble riSt^SSviduals (aged 23+ and based in London) will be energetic and intelligent, highly 
motivated, hardworking and able to absorb new ideas quickly. 

Full training will be provided. . . • - • ; 

Remuneration expected to be in excess of £20,000, and lead to management within the first 

is a superb opportunity to develop your own business and career path, in a growing 
company and in an exciting industry. . . 

For further details phone the Regional Manager on 01-240 9058 - 

Business Affairs 

Covent Garden 
to £30,000 pa 

Ourdientisa well established firm of Solicitors which 
has grown steadily over hie last five years to become 
one of the larger medium sized firms with a varied 
commercial and property practice and a busy private 

They are now looking for an experienced executive to 
manage the business affairs of the firm and to develop 
their financial and administration systems. 

The Director of Business Affairs will report directly to 
the Managing Partners and will be responsible for 
management of the firm's general business affairs 
including development of strategy, financial reporting 
and planning, cash management and credit control. 
Candidates should have senior level administration 
experience preferably gained in a professional office 
or commerce. Preferred age range is 30-45. 

Remuneration: up to £30,000 pa. 

Please write in confidence to Jane Woodward (ref 
2661), Executive Selection Consultancy. 

Thomson McUntock, 

Management Consultants 
70 Finsbury Pavement London EC2A 1SX 

Harbour Pilots 
(Saudi Arabia) 

Requirements: First class pilots 
licence to minimum of 8 years ser- 
vice as a pilot including three years 
as a harbour pilot, preferably in a 
major port, berthing and unb^rthmg 
- ships of unlimited tonnage. ■« • 

Remuneration: SaudiriyaIs lOQjOOO 
per annum. Two years contract (5 i 
months on, 1 month off). Bachelor 
. status, food, accommodation and - 
transport provided 

Please apply with full resume:, re- . 
cent photograph and copies of V 
qualifications etc. to: : 

Kim dm* 

c/o 90-98 Shaflestary Avenue 
London WtV 7DH 


For highly BW i nri p r e to la wM b to join a npidhr rapmrtim 
coraultancy cowering a complete nan of financial jbtokm. 
Tnrimng win be pns over a set poind leading to professional 
Vat y ^ abnt texjn raraaeratiaD faafe^^to 

with dfdkSxm and fnwnrial confidence to 

The Beiaonud Manager. Baaufleet FfifanaaT Services. 5-11 
Lariqpoo Stmt, Xonocai SE1 0N2- Please contact an 01-928 
8606 extension 304 OR send' a ownpiete C.V. to the above 
Manager. . . 1 






With your honours degree, is your present job making the most of jour talents? 

If you are looking for a new opportunity, a career as a Tax Inspector might not seem 
an obvious alternative. But have you ever considered what it takes to be successful in this 
field? You will receive intensive training to develop the skills of a lawyer, advocate, accountant, 
investigator, negotiator and manager. Within a few months you can expect to be handling 
your own casework. After 3 yean you will manage a sizeable team of staff and, in due course, 
you should be running your own tax district. 

Qualifications: under 36 and a first or Second dass honours degree in any subject 
or an acceptable equivalent qualification, final Year Students may apply 

to £8915 for those aged underhand from £9565 to £10,915 for those 26 and over. You should 
be earning at least £9945 after 2 years and, 3 years latenyou should be on a scale rising from 
£14,505 to £18360. If you fulfil your promise, you should later be on a scale rising to £22,925. 
Beyond this there are opportunities for further promotion go the most senior grades 
in the Civil Service. SALARIES HIGHER IN LONDON. (£1365, *765 or £545 according 
to locations). Training can usually begin at an office in the area of your choice. 

To find out more and for an application form write to Civil Service Commission, 
Alencon Link. Basingstoke, Hants RGZl 1JB, or telephone Basingstoke (0256) 468551 
(answering service operates outside office hours). 

Please quote reft A/86/320/136. 

The Civil Servke is an equal opportunity employer 


Salary c£15,000+bonus+benefits Central London 

Required for leading London legal practice to take responsibility for the management of 
the Firm's personnel function. The person appointed will also be involved in co- 
ordinating personnel benefit, welfare, social and sporting schemes and for ensuring the 
Firm’s compliance with the Health and Safety at Work Act An important part of the job 
will be to introduce a computerised personnel data base. 

Candidates, aged 28-40, should be educated to degree level and possess IPM member- 
ship. At least 3 years experience as a personnel manager/officer is required and 
candidates should have a good understanding of computer systems/applications for 
personnel data. Previous experience of working with legal firms is desirable but not 
essential. ’Hands-on’ experience of working with micro-computers would be an 

The benefits package includes attractive salary, bonus, contributory pensions, perma- 
nent health insurance, BUPA and the opportunity to lunch with the Firm's partners. 

The successful candidate will have the drive, innovative flair and personality ^necessary 
to communicate effectively with all levels of staff and to make a real contribution to this 
expanding practice. 

Please apply in confidence enclosing fun CV to Box No. B67. 

The IPG Column 

Young Commercial Director 

& Home Counties c£ 20 K + car 

World market leaders in High Tech. To assume responsMBty for ihe 
complete finance fonction. This wil involve al aspects of manufacturing, 
sales and dstributton on a world wide basis. Also to assume 
responsibility for sales administration. Age 28-35. Broad relevant 
Iretiistrial experience plus ICMA/ACA or eqtsvatent Ref A/433 

Sales & Marketing Managers 

Entert a l nm ent/Leisure c£20K + car 

Backed by a considerable number of tearing blue-chip o r g anisa tio ns , 
the fast-growing home entertain m ent market place offers a number of. 
unique opportunities at various UK locations. 'Hands-on' rotes, 
nesponsfcSties are for training, motivating, and controlling teams of 
Sates Executives m the field. 

Aged G25-35 you must have a successful track record in direct sates? 
management to the domestic market place. Your particular product? 
service is secondary to your enthusiasm, positive attitude and 
motivation. Naturally, you are capable of woridngitong and hard-these 
are not 9-5 jobs. Ref JG/920 

Production Director 

Home Counties E18-22K + car 

Sophisticated, high-tech design and manufacturing company In Home 

Sophisticated, high-tech design and manufacturing compaiw In Home 
Counties seeks a young, weti-quafiffed Production^ Director. Age 28-38 
Experience of small batch, high value production to tight timescales 
essential plus engineering degree. Experience of. appteation of 
computers to manufacturing management (MRP2) desirable. 

Personnel Professionals-U.S. Bank 

City c£15K + bonus + mortgage faeffity 

Our dtent is one of the world’s tearing U.S. banks, employing sane 
1 ,500 people. They are in the forefront of the City revolution. 

They want to buad their personnel team, with two more young Personnel 
professionals who wffl provide a service to discreet areas of beunta and 
systems staff. The assignments cover recruitment, employee relations, 
career development and manpower planning, aid wffl identify salary and 
training needs. 

■deafly mid 20 ’s and a graduate, you wG have progressed rapidly and 
have approx, two years Personnel experience, inducting recruitment in a 
last moving environment. Your communication skills ml be outstanding 
and you mH have the presence and abifity to influence dynamic and 

Exceflent benefits package and prospects in a prestigious comjanjL^ 

Careers in Sales & Marketing 

London/Home Counties £8-10,000 -Hear 

We have a few superb opportunities for personable females and males, 
aged 22-32 in London/Home Counties. Some sales experience 
advantageous, but provided you have strong personal attributes 
including integrity, enthusiasm and a committed desire to succeed we 
wish to hear from you. RefJG/921 

PIomso phone on 01-631 3780, or writ* quoting Ref No. 

IPG Technical 
Recruitment Ltd. 

26-28 GtPorttand St, London WIN SAD. Ot-631 3780 (24 firs) 

Profess io nals in Sele c ti on fi Search 


GirGient, the mgar National TiadngOtganisaticn of a European 
Country; wishes to recruit a Chief Accountant 

The London Office handles all related trade and barteractivities 
which include the exjxtrtand import of prime raw materials, plastics, 
gas, petroleum proch^petrochemk^ 

In 1985thetunx)mw3sinexi^of$2(X)iiuIlk)i3.. 

This is anewposition and the person appointed will reportto the 
Financial Controller who is based in London aixlwiflberespofisibfefbr 
maintaining the statutory Steriingbooks and recx)itis;d« preparation 

i iJVi r-»»ijTri •TiTT*; F-TTTT'Ti ■ n i ■ 

Companies Act 1985, p re parat ion of quarterly VAT returns, maintain" 
mg foreign currency bank accounts ana records of all tradingand 
bartieractivitres. ■ 

The Company is installing an IBM 36 with relevant software audit 
is essentia] that applicants should haw experience of this equipment to 
ensure the operation and further development of this system. 

It is (tonadered unlikely that the present airountirffi requirements 
will occupy the Chief ^Accountant full time and it is likely that there will 
be ample opportunities fortrave! in Western Europe to assist with the 
accounting requirements of the Qr renisatinn m a rancher of Countries. 

The successful applicant is likely to be ambitious wfthstrorBj 
commercial acumen artogoodinterposonalaldns. A knowfeckjeof . 
either German, Italian, French, Spanish orSeibo-Croat will be an' 
advantage as would a professional qualification such as FCA.CA. or 
A0CA. Age is relatively unimportant 

Applicants shoui dmp jy initially i n writ ing withCVsto 
Guy N. Fishes FCA, SHIPLEY BLACKBURN. 14-16 IWnt fW 

i, 14-16 Regent Street, 
London SW1Y4PS. 

Shipley Blackburn 

Chartered Accountants 



A self-motivated Sales Representative with experience of exclusive furnishing 
fabrics is required to extend and develop our sales in London and South East 


Could you be one of them? 

^ rT ^behjgWynxXivated?wto^appetiteforaohie\rement Your 
succ essfu l track record will show thot you are thoroughly experienced in- • 

J solving for small - 


^ . , :T1500, 1 

Company Lid. .Universal Hous 
Thames, Surrey KT1 iNP. 

Clarence Street, Kingston-upon- 

Competitive salary plus bonus, company car, 4 weeks holiday and staff discount 

For further details ring 01-493 2231 
or write with C.V. to 
Penny Reed 
Cotefax & Fowler Ud 
39 Brook Street 
London W1 



Applications are invited from those with a suttabte bacfcyouml 
in administratjon for the post of: • 


at tins smail mtieoendenf charitable dime. Salary in ' the mwe 
of £12#)0-£1!U)(X) dependant on-age and 'experience- For 
further information and a job descnptkm contact Kerth Etk 
wants. The London Refraction Hospital, 56-62 Newington 
Causeway. London SE1 6DR to whom applications should be 
' ' by a detailed CV. 

trainee broker 

looking for 2 vary ' - 

. VmbitHNU pMpte.liwr 
must b« aged 25-35 to 
work witfw hading W«st 
. End brokerage. Eanng 
above overag e income : 
■ wMi trainm, rang. 


central ru 




1 ' 



*ob, 1 r 

Kin Choi 

*•« WlV 7DH 1 


Partnership Manager 

Finance and Administration 



For a well established firm of Consulting Scientists and Engineers who are 
specialists in their field and include Government Departments, National Industry 
P°y s maior oil and insurance companies amongst their clients. The firm’s 
nead office is in London; there are two U.K. branch offices and a branch in 

Reporting to the partners you will manage the financial and administrative func- 
tions of the firm. Responsibilites wil! include the preparation of monthly and final 
accounts for the partnership and three limited companies; dealing with statutory 
requirements; advising the partners on legal and taxation matters; and personnel, 
office and premises management The feasibility of computerisation will be an 
issue in the foreseeable future. 

You are Chartered Secretary, or hold a recognised accountancy qualification, with 
significant relevant experience. Ideally this will have been gained in another 
partnership or a small to medium steed company. A good knowledge of taxation 
would be an advantage. Preferred age range - mid thirties to early fifties. 

Salary is for discussion as indicated. Benefits include Life Assurance and Private 
Health insurance. 

Please write - in - confidence - to Lesley Gifford ref.B.20196. 

HAY-MSL Selection and Advertising Limited, 

52 Grosvenor Gardens, London SW1W OAW. 

OHScas in Etaopt. the AiMrtcaa. AanftM ami Asta Pactic 


£22,500+ CAR 

The Company is the successful bookclub partnership 
of WH Smith & Son and Doubleday Inc. of the United 
. States. With 1 ,000 staff operating from Swindon, it is the 
market leader in its field. 

The Job is to manage an expert team, developing new 

operational systems in largevolumeorderhandling and 


The Experience and Skills we seek. Firstly aportfolio 
of successfuBy managed commercial and industrial 
projects, from inception to implementation. Secondly a 
clear and commanding style of both written and verbal 

Interested? If you want to hear about the other benefits, 
excellent pension and relocation assistance, please 
send a full CV to Simon Dawson, Personnel Manager, at 
the. address below 


Guild House. Farnsby. Street 

Swindon X SN99 9X X 





c. £31,500 

Central Binning is MSS 

annuel budget of £75m , ffld K50 fcr specialist treatment. It is 

Teaching AufhSity and works in close collaboration with the 

Universities of ™ < ^ onsible to ^ Authority for planning and managing 

and decisively so as to meet agreed plans and 

p0liclGS ' ^ at a senior level either in the private sector or Health 

win be for a fixed term contract. 

JZL should send a comprehensive C.V. and write or telephone for an apphcatmn 

fonn: c. j. Waffiker 

PO Box 38 
Cradley Heath 
West Midlands B64 6JW 
Tel: 0384 66501 

The Authority is an Equal Opportunities Employer 
Closing date for applications 11th August 1986 . 

— of Architects and Quantity Surveyors in Corby, 

As a busy following stafE- 

Northamptonshne we number ONE 

rV ntTmirOVAll 



iytLAJH arc gsmerience in the Building Industry and a flexible 

Aged 25 - 35 the Quantity Surveying function of the 

outlook to take up, supervise . 

PlBCtice ' POST number two 


,1 Toimiant exDerience in the Building Industry to 

Aged 25 - 35 with -WPg® function of the Practice, 

tie up. supervise ^ to relieve the partners of the Practice 

frrtm the problem ui -rrr hut we are willing «> P 3 * 

°« Ktives need appiy - 

Please apply ■** handwriting to POST TWO 


r t VICKERS ARICS 3rd Floor, Douglas House 

MRwd. r^ugias House Queens Square 

3rd Corby 

Queens Square ... Northants NN17 1PD 

Corby . TUW17 1PH * 1' — 

Nfnrthants NN1< 

i Practice 
of future 
the right 


Because this is a business that revolve 
around you and your talents - noi your age. sex. 
sociel standing of job experience. It require your 
common sense, your charm and all your naked 
ambition. The business is called YOU and the 
business you are in is called direct selling. 

think you can get anywhere in this life without 
needing to sell yourself effectively 

Skill with us? Good, then yon recognise 
thafgiven die right training, good prod ueb and 
services, supported by a professional corporate 
framework, you could be considerably richer by 
this time next year purely on you r own ability. 

There's no other job where Ihe blent — 
earnings equation. works out solely in your favour 
Thoe's no other way (barring a legacy or poob 
win) of ever breaking free from the predictability 

of your present life style. But could you cope7 


and no catch. 

Could you ride a bike ocskl the feat time? 

Of course you nsed training. That's why 
our clients have all spent years perfecting their 
saks trauungcourses.ll:sa valuable asset which 
will ensure you a future and Us a sound investment 
for the com panics who make up so me of the top 
names in Britain. They forma boom sector in the 
economy and have been identified as the most likely 
sources of entrepreneurial, blentths country has. 

Essentially our dients are an elite dub of 
high performing individuals operating under a . 
corporate umbrella. 

They had thecourage to say ‘No" to a 
regular but mediocre salary. It's an indication of 
their self confidence that they were prepared to 


mvestintherredvesforhigh returns radier.than 
settle for a life sentence as a hired hani 

That sdf confidence is there in most of us, 
waiting to be developed tuned up and given free 

. nan. Wait no longer. Call us today or tomorrow 
between 9 am. and 9 pm. Just ask the operator for 
Freefone. Moxtm Associates, Read ing or complete 
the coupon and we will 9end you an information 
pack by return. No stamp necessary Jus* address 

a: Anthony Moxon & Associat e s Ltd, Freepost; 
Reading RGl lBR. We wont waste any time 
. besauseas from todayyour time means money 

My name r 
Address — 



I 1 

Home telephone Nc 
Current Area of V\bi 

II ,, 1 * 

|I mmM i 





Are you earning £20,000 — £100,000 p-a. 
and seeking a new job? 

Connaught's decreet and successful Execu- 
tive Marketing Programme provides profes- 
sional excellence in helping you to identify 
those unadvertised vacancies. 

Contact us for a free and confidential 
meeting to assess if we can help you. If you 
are currently abroad ask for our Executive 
Expat Service. 

Iblephone: 01-734 3879 (24 hours) 


32Savile Row, London. W1 
MO The Executive Job Search Profession iM 


ftjr the Portland Training College for the Dfeabled 
which provides stated vocational training, further 
education and help for disabled adults and severely 
handicapped young people. Catering for over 200 
residential students the courmyside location is S. of 
Mansfield. Notts. The operating budget of Ci5m 
depends largely on government grants and much on 
voluntary public support The Director manages the 
several operattog units and proposes pofictes and 
development plans to the (voluntary) Executive 

CandtoaiBS wiH have made their mark in general 
management and be competent managers and 
administrators, conlroiBng finances and promoting the 
College locally and nationally. Married and aged 40-45 
graduates preferred. -Manufacturing background is 
desirable. He or she wfl be prepared to accept some 
sacrifice in earnings and career prospects for the 
satisfaction of helping disabled people. Staring salary 
riegbfeble from Eia.OOO; For further details, please wnte 
or call the oiganisajkxYs adviser. H.C. Hoftnesafc 

~ HugoHobnMLArwted,42ColebrookeFtow, 

London N1 HAF.Tefc 01-354 2333. 

Product Marketing 

Electronics, Software, or Comms Background 
To Project Manage the development of tomorrow’s leading 
Finance Markets Information Systems 

REUTERS EUROPE £25 ,000 - £30,000 + CAR 

Reuters leads the world in the development of computerised information 
services for use by every kind of financial trader. The company is committed to 
Ywainmining ' its market leadership by further strengthening its investment in 

marketing led technical development. . , . 

Within a particular product or market area you will be responsible tor ldenn- 
fying business opportunities and then most importantly co-ordinating all detailed 
aspects of an aweed development programme to bring profitable new products 
to the market. To achieve this successfully you must be capable of specifying your 
requirements to either internal or external technical development teams and then 
controlling the development programme through' all its various stages. 

It is therefore essential that your formative experience was gamed in a techni- 
cally relevant field such as electronic engineering, software development, or 
communications. More recently you should have broadened your career into 
marketing or project management. Clearly experience withm one ot the Uty 
markets would be advantageous but is not essential. A good degree is preterreo 

and the target age range is 28 to 35. . . .. ’ 

Career prospects within the rapidly growing Reuters organisation are excellent. 
Applicants of either sex should apply in confidence to Michael Johnson on, 
('0962') 53319 (24 hour service) or write to Johnson Wilson & Partners, Clarendon. 
House, Hyde Street, Winchester, Hampshire S023 7DX quoting ref. 6%. 

JohnsoirWils(Hi& Partners 

Management Recruitment Consultants 





The Medical Research Council wishes to appoint a 
Secretary to succeed Sir James Gowans FRS, 
when he retires from the post in the autumn of 

The Secretary is the Council’s full-time chief 
executive and has responsibility for the develop- 
ment and implementation of MRC policies and - 
activities. While it would be an advantage to have a 
medical qualification, this is not an absolute 

Anyone i nt erested in the port or requiring farther 

particulars should write as soon as possibfe and in 
confidence to the Chairman of the Council, Lord 
jeHtcoe, at the Medical Research OouncH 20 Park 
descent, London WIN 4AL Anyone wishing to 

suggest names ft* consideration shew Id aiso write 

l toLordJe&coe. 


lnsurance& Investment 

We arc market leaders in providing financial services to teachers - and to 
other professional group*. . 

While we usuaUypromBtt tom within, our present expansion 
programme means we must take on a number of additional Sales 

We also need additional sales people-in most pans of the country. 

The locations are nationwide. The requirement is for experienced 
insurance salespeople who warn to use ihdr leadership qualities to motivate 
small groups of Area Representatives. 

After three months accelerated induction as an Area Representanve, we 
will promote successful ncwcomera to Area Manager positions. 

The rewards are attractive personal commission earnings, Awemduig 
commission on Area Sales, boms opportunities and other benchts. ^ 
Target earnings are around £20,000 pA initially, wiih no upper lmuta- 

IT Consultancy 

Total Solutions for Business 

UK & International 

Principal to £30K + car 
Senior to £25K 

Our client, the professional services division of a 
major IT company, is a centre of excellence for IT 
consultancy and project management world-wide. 
Employing some 130 people, increased demand 
has created vacancies at both principal and senior 
consultant levels. 

If you have in-depth experience of one of the 

following, let us near from you:- 

• strategic IT consultancy 

• management of large IT projects 

• networking (voice and data) 

• manufacturing systems esp. CIM, OMAC 

• system scon version and migration 

• design methodologies e.g. SSADM 

• database esp. IDMS ' 

• 4th generation development techniques 

The locations ate nationwide. The requirement is for enthusiastic hard- 
working people who want to enter or develop a successful career in 

insurance sales. _ 

Our careful selection procedure includes “on-the-job” experience * or 
new entrants to sales or insurance - without commitment. Our training 
ensures effective results quickly, and regular support is based cm individual 

The rewards are a guaranteed personal territory, attractive commission 
earrings, bonus opportunities and other benefits. 

Minimum eatings will be £15^000 pA, with no upper limits. 

For all these positions, you will be between 25 and 50, have a stable career 
background and possess a current full driving license. ■ 

Write or phone Paul Coombs, Teachers' 

Road, Bournemouth BH1 3L.W. Teh Bournemouth (0202) 291 HI for a 

saks career guide and application form. 




business development and new product strategies. Our work is based onfiiorough 
research of the martel and the client organisation. Our produtt^speclalisatonsare; 
industrial products (many of them high technology), sennit, and conwmer durables. 

We area fast growing, profitable company and are part of a large European 
consultancy group. .We are lookingfor two consultants to cany out and develop the 
business, becoming partners in 2-3 years. 1 

The people we are looking for wilh- ■ ■ • 

• hawetheahflftytoassirnilatBmailtetingaKi tecnnicaiQ aaa 

• be abtetocom nwiitafc concisely wtt 

accommodation and education. 

Pleasesend C.V. quoting reference 12/15STor 

• be graduates 

• prababiy be aged 27-35 

Wte offer an atbraciive salary pacte^ including profit share, car and non 
contributory pension scheme. 

Please apply with full C.V. to:- 


THE AVENUE, LONDON W13 8NT. Tel: 01-998 7733 







Cheltenham £12,900 - £14,200 


Eagle Star is a major Insurance Company with branches throughout ibe U.K. 
The Company is highly commined to (he continued development of efficient 
methods of working through organisational, procedural and productivity 
reviews and the use or advanced computer and office technology. 

Vacancies esist for two Telecommunications Analysts to assist in the 
organisation, installation and monitoring of all tdecommunkation products 
and services used by the group. 

Although Analysts will be based at Cheltenham, they wflJ be expected to 
spend a significant amount of time working a oar branch offices throughout 
the U.K. and to work extended hours when necessary. 

Applicants should have 3-4 years experience within a rdecommunkaiiora 
environment, including practical experione in: 

— the installation and management of large SPC PABX's, 

— private networks and tandem switches, 

— key systems, 

— viewdata, electronic mail. 

In addition applicants should possess good analytical and numerical abilities 
together with good eomiminkaDon sluDs. As members of a small team the 
ability to work alongside others is essential. 

Starting salary will be in the above range and wffl reflect exper i ence. 

An attractive benefits package is also offered which includes non-contributory 
pension scheme, preferential mortgage facilities and generous relocation 
expenses where appropriate. 

Applicants shouki apply at venting, enclosing a co m prehen sive C. K, to: 

J.F. Bnmtsl Esq, Pwa oe nri Department. 

A speeiofet seminar company, with an established reputation and 
commercial practice of the building and construction industry, is offering a career 
opportunity for a young manager who wants the chance of running his/her own 
department within two years. 

Chaianging opportunity lor mccessfcd msurwca soles specidist to jom 

a dynamic frontin g team 


£13,000-£16,000 + car + benefits 
Reigate, Surrey 

The Company has recently been acquired by a major international publishing group 
which has a strong presence in the law, tax, insurance, financial services and 
management areas , and which publishes in a variety of formats including 
conferences and exhibitions. 

We are looking for a manager able to handle both the creative and administrative 
aspects of an existing programme of courses (c.35 annually) and to extend the 
^ activities and market presence profitably. 

The successful applicant will be in his/her late twenties, well-organised, able to 

ins wvwwim — — — - *_ ” S . ■ . ,1 

enjoy a high pressure environment and be a good communicator. Experience ot tne 
'legal market* is preferred, particularly if relevant to the building and construction 
industry, though a legal qualification is helpful rathe- than essential. 

Crusader Insurance pic is a weD established He assurmce and grotp benefits company 
marketing a wide variety ol conventional and unit finked products. Wearoofeo backed 
by one af the world's largest and most successful American based finondai services 
organisot'ons, the QGNA Corporation. ... 

Wtf known for innovation, we now ieqwe a TraWng Officer to become pad af a learn 
responsible for the Identification ol trasiingand development needs far our safes force, 
You will be expected to make an immediate impact in analysing halnlrgj requirements, 
preparing training materials and program m es and implementing these courses. 

You wdl report lo the Field Training Manager, arid should have had at least 5 years' 
demanding Efe assurance experience^ two of which must have been spent in o successful 
sales environment. Abo you should have strong commurecofons skills and whist same 
training exposure is desirable it is by no means essentiaL . 

A fuB CV should be sent in the first Instance to: John Henney, Personnel Department, 
Crusader Insurance pfc Regale, Surrey, RH2 88 L or telephone Rdga» (07372) 42424 
ext 376 foranappGcotion form. 1 

Bade Star losawace Compaey liraHrrl. Eagle Star Home. 
Bath Road, CMteabwn. Gtos, GL537LQ. 

We offer a good salary, a friendly working environment and the prospect of real 
career growth from an established base. Please telephone Gill Ashbrook at Kluwer 
Publishing Limited on 01-568 644 7 for a job description and an application form. 

Eagle Star 








The Children’s Society seeks staff with 
the flair to manage the development of 
our exciting new shops campaign in Lon- 
don & Essex. 


Come and discuss the 
widest range of opportunities at 
the JOB Spot Open Day 


(next door to Charing Cross British Rail) 

The post offers a challenging opportunity 
to devise a p ro gra m me of expansion 
within these arses. Experience in retaiBng, 
marketing or selling would be an advan- 
tage but is not essential. The postholders 
will be responsible for the successful trad- 
ing of a chain of shops and for 
recruitment, training and management of 
voluntary staff. 



We offer a realistic salary md a car is 
provided. We are a Christian organisation 
which seeks in staff a readiness to grow 
in Christian faith and fife. We consider a 8 
applications for employment on the baas 
of suitability for the post irrespective of 
race, sex or disability. 


Helix Technology Group, established consultants to the international 
financial community is continuing its significant programme of 
expansion, employing the best skills within the industiy. 

We shall be appointing top quality consultants throughout 1986. 


01-5675501 (Business Hours) 

01 -998 7756 (Eves & W/Ends) 

For an informal discussion please ring 
Mrs. Rhoddy Wood, 01-7Z7-1792 - Lndea 
Past or Mr. Ted AUntrtt. 035941882 wt 
0443-875978 - Esin Pan 

j gu/ite- 

fana/jab dneriptioa i 

We require: 

*A good degree 
* First class experience in D.P. 
"High level of commitment 

•Ability to absorb and apply new 

*An accountancy, banking, 
financial trading or systems 
consultancy background 

We offer 

alternatively writs lo JOB Spot u 

BiHon House, 54-58 Uxbridge Road. London. W5 2ST 

Chfldrw's Society, Edward Radotf Kona, Mar- 
gery Street, bate WC1X 8 JL {taiga SAL 
apprarieleifl. Phase state wfetah pas wbes 

• Rapid career advancement and 
salary progression 

B Effective skills training 

• Extensive travel opportunities 

* Stimulating work environment 

• Multi-disciplinary project 
experience within the finance 

If you are confident that you meet our high standards 
then In the first instance send a full C.V. to: The 
Recruitment Director. Helix Technology Group. 

1 1 Ludgate Circus, London EC4M 7LQ. 

Oeshg data for ntarw 
forms: 25 Mr 1988. 

Qualified Information Scientist 



BS! provides the world's mast comprehensive range af information sendees far 
Standards, regulations and Quafity Assurance etc. 

The recent succe ssful bundi of BSI STAFOARDUNE b a prime exa mp l e of our 
work, as is BSI ROOT Thesaurus and the Involvement wtth the in t ern at ional 
Standards information system SONET. 

We wish to appoint a dynamic Information Scientist who wffl iratialy manage and 
fully exploit the existing BSI Da ta bas e wtth a continuing brief to maximise Ns 
potential by creating addttonal fifes andhy merging wtth other systems. 
Qualifications are important, but Bair, a commercial attitude and a proven back 
record are essential to further our stanefipg In the world fer information sovicesL 
Salary wd be negotiable around £16.000. The total package Indudes: 5 week's 
annual leave, contributory peiston scheme, subsidised restaurant and social dub. 
A contribution towards relocation expenses wfl be given in approved cases. 

For an appfcationfetm. please contact Mr. D. A Bennett. 

Linford Wood. Milton Keynes MK14 6 LE 
Telephone: 0908 320033 

The Children’s Societ y. 




Market leadership within the US A demanded an exciting and 
innovative product, coupled with a dynamic Sales approach — 
oor client wishes to capitalise upon the tremendous potential 
within the European sectors by this established Sales-led 
style, and needs accomplished Sales professional from witfim 
the computer/comiminications or financial markets to 
maintain its phenomenal growth record in REAL-TIME 

Our markets, of major banks, financial institutions and 
corporate organisati on s are expanding rapidly from a well 
established European customer base. 

* European relocation is therefore a prerequisite! 

* Full fluency in the relevant language is essential — 
Scandinavia requires only English. 

Most sectors could realistically provide first year earnings in 
excess of £40,000 and this wfli be s u pported by a complete 
“overseas” package. 

Intereste d ? Then write, enclosing full personal and career 
details, including contact telephone number to> 

Suzanne Roberts (refc TR/444) 

Resource Maximisat ion International 

Executive Search & Selection, rn* 

Stancrest House* 16 Hill Avenue, Amersham, Bucks. LUfli 

Test Valley Borough Council 

A small but rapidly expanding interna- 
tional speciality retail company operating 
in feist moving Lifestyle Merchandising is 
seeking a senior management team or in- 
dividuals to implement the second stage 
of an ambitious development programme. 


c. £18,000 p-a. plus car- Andovwr 


Take Test Valley Borough Councfi 
into the 1990’s wttii our 1 CLME 29 
growing to Series 39 wtth DRS 

Tha job: 

Monger of you- own section and 
top management status tor 5 years 
fixed term- 

Salary up to £17202 pka a 
perfo rmance bonus of up to 
£1000 p*. 

Car provided plus official mieage. 
Relocation package worth up to 
£3000. Free Group Life Assurance. 

The Place: 

Andcwer is in the scenic and historic 
Test VaSey covering 157,000 attrac- 
tive rural acres ot western 
Hampshire, and with erec ti on ! road 
and motor w a y comnwe sti o ng . 


Require bright 
young person to 
work in their sales 
and marketing de- 
partment. Must 
have attractive ap- 
pearance and 
personality. Very 
high salary + car + 

01-581 8141 (Day) 
01-352 4892 (Eves) 

For those executives wtth a proven record 
and who can demonstrate the leadership 
and high energy levels demanded to meet 
the aims of this entrepreneurial company, 
an attractive income package will be of- 
fered with particular emphasis on stock 
options. The company is London based. 

Write to the company's advisors outlining 
your suitability - these newly created posi- 
tions are immediately available. Complete 
confidentiality will be maintained. 

Philip Gott 

Peter Burhoft Planning Services Ltd 
158 Fulham Palace Road 
London W6 9ER 


Ring uk 

Petsr Gidkfings or Mie Medhurst on 
Andover (0264) 64144 fer further de- 
tads, or far the appfcation from. 
P ersonnel Dep a rtment, Counaf Of- 
fioes, Duttons Rood. Ramsey. 

Hants. T elephone Romsey (0794) 
515117 ExL 553. Quota retFte. To 
be returned by Thursday 31 st July. 
19 B& fetarviews wa be held on 
11 th/120) August, 19661 

Technical Support 

Package to £16k 



Bonsai, a leadmg IBM PC Authorised Dealer wttii a h«ory 
tti rapid and consistent growth, is expanduig itfc technical 
support function based at its head office location in 
central London 

to took into someUiiOQ 
oceng. new amt matting? 




An out tua nrfing opportunity exists within a first rata European Bank 
far a wefi educated, ambitious banker, aged 25-35 to fU a responsi- 
ble role within the Credit Departmem.7ha ideal canddma wffl have 
received formal U.S. Bank Croft training and have the potential to 
head a smal section wfthfns short time flame. 

Experienced Sales Manager required by special- 
ist food producer and importer to maintain and 
develop sates into the retail market, A challeng- 
ing and rewarding position for an accomplished 
Sales Director/Manager who seeks senior posi- 
tion in a rapidly expanding and successful young 
company. Knowledge of Food or experience in 
sales to retail outlets important, and the job 
opportunity is second to none. 

Telephone 01-708 7031 far father details 

We are seeking two high cafcbre enhusraac irxJhnduafc. 
a project maraper and asmont to provide derated 
tedncal support tor our tmro4ine salesmen and 
cusnmera The successful candidates wdl be numeiata 
graduates with a sound technical knwrfedge of 
microCQiTHxrtere.specifi(allythelBMPC. Knwdedgeof 
common software packages would be advantageous, as 
wootdsonwsWf m programming its envisaged that one of 
these petsonnel wfl be larrater w«h local area networks 

tl you are aged between 28 aid 
47 and come from tee oOwjus 

background, cel Pea Roddonl 
« AIM Dunn Assumes an 
831 0621. 

Ws are an Eoei Opportune® 
Group. Aoptaabuns are wefcame 
raparUess of sex. manta) staus, 
ettBK oron or fcsabrtty. 

Starting package will include a base salary oi between 
£ 1 l-l 3 k tor the protect manager and ES-iOk the asstetant, 
together wkh an incentive scheme wfxch could, 4 
ofyednesare/neL increase total eaminpssubstenbaSy 1 . 

If you are dynamic and wam to ioin a him wtsch rewaras 
success both financially, and w<h rapid career 
dewtopmem. plaase appty in writing enctoang your c.v 
lo Margaret Daws. Bonsai Lid. 112-116 New Oxford Street. 
London WC1A 1HJ. 





Newly fanned London operation of an esabMwd Intern a tio n al 
Banking group retparw an incfiwdiaL aflad msd-tare 20**. to widanake 
analysis, pr epar ation and submission of cre dit p ro po ee l e ; expe rien ce 
of mining button business would be 1 advan aga- Exc oluin rerm- 
ne rati on package and exceptional progressive opportunity. 



^Qctodrm &&tcwn 

Bank Recruitment Consultants 
57/59 London Wall, London EC2M 5TP 
Telephone: 01-628 4501 

Several graduates are required to tram as Chartered 
Acco un tants with one of London's top firms. 

£7250 pa plus fuB study leave lor chartered exams 
and management skill courses - C £10,000 upon 
qualifying plus excellent prospects in today's boom 
career. Good Degree/A Levels + under 25 essential. 

September start 

Can or write to FIONA COX at Pwwnnal Resources 
Limited, 75 Grays Inn Road, London WC1, 
Td 01-242 6321. 

Considering a change 
of career? 

rat C* ae 

T* 81 834 7045 

A HIGH INCOME: You will cam uvctHMIOO m pur 
first vvarwuhuMl you meet the Ivistc Ut^ca*. Our bum 
coiHUltantMSim iner £ IrUNO p* 

SECURITY: Working for u £4 bill wo financial vrvtces 
amp, yuu mfl be on a nmibted mrrraw, scheme ul 17 Mm 
(ncguiuUc) anil bawd m LONDON. 

If mu arc apsi 2205. powm. . ban! »oriinp and wdl 
spufeoi. ring: 

01-930 2492 


fl-ltyn Scted(taR.ftuteMi 
1 & 24 yn Jab twftn nm 
25 3* ys- Mmiwi. — «m 
3fr54yn 2ndCmi.RaMmcr 

Aunnmts «ud GwdHtthr 

reroro m <?**«««< w— <n 

••• 01-935 54 52 |2t lw») 





This is an opportunity to play a major 
creative role in influencing the development 
of young people. The appointment is at the 
centre of a nationwide network of 
Associations dedicated to serving the needs 
and aspirations of their 750,000 members in 
over 6,000 dubs. 

The Chief Executive initiates and * 
implements policies and gives leadership to 
the organisation. The role includes die 
management of addlled headquarters staff at 
Leicester, geared to support Associations who 
help youth clubs lo be^ thriving and active in- 
their local communities. 

Essential attributes are: experience of 

i' LhiT’AVJl'il’iMllliiJi- tl i ) I ky » . 1 1 1 it i r-iY-H [t 

practical initiatives and a ream! of success in 
management Previous experience in the 
voluntary sector is also desirable. 

Salary is for discussion around £20,000. 

Please send personal details in confidence 
to Geoffrey Elms. Charity Appointments, 

3 Spita! Yard, Bishopsgate, London El 6AQ. 

NAYC is an Equal Opportunities Employer. 




Unit General Manger (Salary Circa £21JB9) 

anti widely 

irovftfes heaftfr care services to an urban 
rural poptifetan of 227,000 spread ovar 

1,014 square mtes .etnpfoys 5.000. staff and has an .annual 
budget « £50 mfflion seeks to appoint a Unit General Manager 
for the Uanelli/Dinriwr Health Management Unit who has a 
demonstrable record ot achievement within the N.H.S. or in a 
large mutt-functional organisation. Appfaations wflf be wel- 
comed from any discipftie. 

The Uandli/Oinefwr Health M an ag e ment Urdt has a budget of 
£10 mihon and employs 1.150 staff and provides both hospi- 
tal and commuraty services, with the in-patient services 
presently provided at 

Uaneffi General Hospital 141 beds 

Bryntirion Hospital 132 beds 

Mynydd Mawr Hospital 58 beds 

Amman Valley Hospital . . 39 beds 

71k braiding co nt ra c t for the new Llanelli Hospital Develop- 
ment (of 188 beds) which wffl replace the existing Uaneffl 
General Hospital commenced on 30th Jure 1966 with a con- 
tract completion date ot July 1989. 

The appointment wfl initially be for a fixed tenn of three years, 
renewable subsequently after review by mutual agreement on 
»i annual basis. A successful dridan win be remunerated in 
accordance with Welsh Office Circular WHC{65}14 or 

Informal enquiries may be made fa Mr John F. Taylor, District 
General Manager, on (0267) 234501. 

An information package aid application details are available 

District Personnel Department 

East Dyfed Health Authority 

Staffing Park House 




Tel: (0267) 234501 Ex. 4031 

Cforiag data for receipt of applications: 

1st August 1986 



require a 


Acknowledged leaders in their field, Oneac Interface 
systems p rotect electronic equipment from harmful 
cssturfcances that exist on the electricity supply. 

Thnwgh their success, the Sales Department now 
requke a Salesperson preferably with experience Jn 
the ■ ratapammunlcaBom Industry. The successful 
a degree or equivalent In 
related (fisefofine. However, a willingness to team, 
accept rosponsa>gity aixl develop a maricat stratsav. 
is of equal importance. - 

Oneac are arapkfly growing company and offer a 
unique opportunity far a career In this field of tech- 
rxxoqy. An attractive salary and company car will be 

s*sr B - E '* ton *■»- 



Wb bne ban toted to kwh lor a txxA»nr ou Muff or ore ul or 

eftents. a bay sties tooHmy based m Xtosacoa. London. Ths B a 
caaswgng gbsaon tarn aw npa paison an teame anobta yi 

** wnLOwrewemcWemaad 

adMEf goMCL oinh mo wc$ amMui, PAYE and cmd m, 
tral Satan wtibe AAEbut dllJOO Par anon. Age 23+. ReawiraJ 
CV and tettptnns contact numbs to 

tacwmwt CoosidMiB325Lateai 

Row ntwim PZ 06c. 


Asalesasiiatantig reouireri jmmwliawiy 
. aged 20-25 to work in a small Mayfair shop -I 
selling coimtry/shooting clothes and accessaries. 

Prt vtoos e xperience in ariling preferred, but 

mrt essential. H^hest references necessary. 

Salary eomme nsunfe with experience. 

Please apply to Mrs Broastein. . 
Telephone: 01^499 1801. 


J iT- , , k - 

* fe* 51 

Rtf- ‘ ^ 

&& A -"' 

"# - r, ~ 
ifcw v - . .. 

•*3* ••:.-• 


: 'cL' 51 ' 

: "V '• -7; 

- • r « 


■•«u.Unr j!lY 


f L:ru\ 

! V; *'••■■•- 

4 ';r - 

IMP Y»w 

St ,V^ 

itttt **« -■ 

* t •• 


■m» *■* ‘ 

♦ ***** 

c?0ii |n 

0G^’ L ’ 

V ■. J ■. 

l'Ht XlMtS lHUKsOAY JULY 10 1986 




ojQe JSSSi hSdb^J 8 Com P 9 Sa^ Bancaire, 


: ^^asSs“- 

l-MENT. Vacancies emt for the following 

manager - 


R^jnsEflitiesinclude overall security for the 

^ ““«*"« the Invoice 


R^pousibilities cover maintenance of a portfolio of 
cbents and ensuring the security of our funds. 

“? “ceDeirt benefits package which 
V 3810 salary, company car, mortgage 
subsidy, subsidised health scheme and free life assurance. 

Successful applicants must have a background of 
tactoring/mvoice discounting with emphasis on client 

Applications together with foil curriculum vitae 
?“®g I £ be se»t to David Rich, Personnel Director, 
UUB House, Railway Approach, Wallington, 
Surrey SMS ODY. TetephonetO 1-773S1 11 . 


to £19k 

To advise clients, take overall responsibility, support the sales 
force and lead development staff — you should have a minimum 
of 5 years' experience on minicomputer based systems, a 
proven track record of successful systems development work 
and demonstrable communication skills. 

About us 

Fraser Williams (Commercial Systems) Ltd is part of one of the 
largest and most successful group of computer service 
organisations in the UK. 

Continued market growth for our range of package and be- 
spoke systems has created a number of opportunities within 
our support and development teams. These positions offer 
excellent career prospects and varied work with a team of 
young professionals in a fast-growing company located in cen- 
tral London. 

Please contact John Wright on 01-930 4041 or send your cv to: 


(Commercial Systems) Ltd 
Landseer House, 19 Charing Cross Road 
London WC2H OES 

Advertising charily requires a good admin- 
istrator aged 30-50, to provide back-up for 
busy welfare team. Must have an interest in 
welfare work and be good at figures. 

Circa £ 7,500 neg. 

CV to Mrs D. Larkin, 
NARS, 3 Crawford Place, Wl. 

YOCJMG PERSON wilt, mq ulring 
maid warned lor renarch if 
brary in NW London. An 
inwmi hi history and the pa- 
forming arts would be an 
advantage School or renege 
leaver preferred. Cv and other 
deteife to: Box 002 The Times. 
Adtentsemeni Deot.. vbymia 
Street. London El 9 DO. 

nuirm exnenenred stall for 
mm«ws seal sales. Excel- 
lent prosper is and salary 
Please send CV la Manning Di- 
rector, Seagull Holidays. 46 
Maddox Sitml London Wl. TH 
01 609 9712. 


Requires for its Operations Department 
someone with experience in chartering, de- 
murrage, insurance procedures quality 
control and L/Cs. 

Good team member 
Languages an advantage 
Excellent package 

Applicants should write enclosing full CV to 
Box B81 , and should be marked private and 
confidential for the attention of: 

Mrs A E Gameys 
(Personnel Manager). 

quired ov Gsvaqnr I’m *1 
llh-rr Duvv modern Mfirrs m 
lower shvjiip sum. London 
Sw 1 Thts n> a rarr rornr «*• 
roj [units lor jh auliraiii aged 
17 to 20 roars CMeniidl uuah- 
iirs reviuiiod include snuul 
apiiraraiHp. well soosm good 
Inrl of MwalMli. wV mohva- 
lion and reihwujsfn txcHkiH 
salan- parkaor Abpiv lo NAM 
Mason. Gavomne Pres. Trt 
is evond ge OW? Stbi z 

quires numenate but prarwai 
person to assrtl Ui uadcrwrtbng 
Onunmml. Edvrenon beyond 
4 inn grpfcTTPd and ability to 
use Lours 123 and D Base 01 
would be an aoiMiw Pirate 
HdikK- CV io E. p Smith. 
Conunriual Rrlmurancr Corpo- 
ral uui iL'Ki LKL Plan li non 
House. 23 Rood Lane. London 


warned lor leading rampant' 
ooeralinq in LK and European 
FMCG nurkrls Aged 28 33. 
graduates with a minimum Of 
to rears FMCG ncpnWHice. m- 

riudmg overseas, arrow. more 
man one indusiry Ftumcv m 2 
European languages esseniia 
Call Peter Myles al Tailor A 
Partners on 01-630 17S5 

ns unh rniereng managerial 

experience io run hole! in sKI 

resort speruusing In school and 
gpu, market Dec 86 May 87 
Vsnie with C-V and pnoio Io 
SkiUound Lid M Penns House 
Lane. 2t> ivorth Street. Bngti- 
lon. Bhl IEW 

PUBLIC RELATnms Trainee 
Account Executive urgently 
needed oy busy v-'esl London 
Hi-terh Aqenry Salary neqoua- 
hlr Send CV In Managing 
Dir prior. Penn Communica 
lions Lid. It 12 The Green, i 
London W5 SDA 

iwvv renMoymreil B years expe- 
rience home and abfuad Live 
oul. Tefenhone Ot 789 5J12. 


We are a leading weekly Arab language magazine 
published from London, and looking to recruit a 
person of Sudanese nationality to fill the position ot 
Editor for Sudanese Affairs. 

Tbe applicant should have had considerable 
experience in a governmental type background in 
either the Civil or Diplomatic Service in an appropriate 

Prerequisites are an excellent command of both 
written and spoken Arabic as wen as a working 
knowledge of English, an understanding of French & 
German would be a considerable advantage, 
preferred age range 45-55. 

The position offered is a senior editorial one. and this 
wU be reflected in the terms and conditions ot 

Please reply in the first instance to The General 
Manager, Box No. B48. 

Shepherd Little & Associates Ltd 

Banking Recruitment Consultants 



c£25,000 plus Mortgage Subsidy 

One of the world's leading U.S. investment banking firms 
wishes to appoint, for their London office, an experienced 
contracts administrator. The successful candidate will fake 
overall responsibility for identifying, negotiating and 
securing contracts, leases and licences with regard to the 
Firm's future oompuler and communications acquisitions. It 
is essential, therefore, that the person Is used to a high level 
of responsibility and contact at senior management level, 
preferably both In the U.K. and U.S. The position demands 
personal characteristics such as professionalism, strong 
analytical ability and meticulous attention to detail. 

This Is an important role calling for a convincing, articulate 
and highly motivated individual with previous experience 
to offer. 

For further Information please contact 
David Little 

Riiteuiiy House 41-42 King William Street London i c jk »i \ 
Telephone 0| -fOfi 11 hi 


»\prrirnr<vi and prownidW- 

wJ'A staff lew IMr ww rv>:tu- 
Siv*' FBildn-ni Shoe 35T 4606. 

dim k* warrtv aantr 2 ->nn 
Bit Mid nt^ Ml I0JA27I 72209. 

Ctuji- f 01 Uylr \ Access 
Tri puts Mi 02406 3367 


A highly successful private group of companies 
with international interests and a turnover of 
over $100 million wishes to research and de- 
velop fresh business ventures. A prerequisite 
to our future success is the need to recruit the 
right individual to take charge of these 
projects. The “individual'* will need: commer- 
cial experience in an international business 
environment, the ability to attract and moti- 
vate the right staff, a sharpened business 
acumen and above all common sense. This 
will be as rewarding as you wish to make it 
both financially and from the point of view of 
satisfaction. If you are certain that you fit the 
bill, apply to Box B6Q The Times, Advertise- 
ment Department, PO Box 484, Virginia 
Street. London El 9DD. 



An exciting 
career is open to 
individuals (22+) 
who are single 
minded and 
interested in their 
own future. This 
is an opportunity 
to earn over 
£20,000 p.a. and 
earn shares in a 

Please call 
Mr Pick ersg ill 
01-439 8431 


Corporate Finance 

We axe currently recruiting on behalf of a number 
of- UK Merchant Banks who are looking to 
develop and expand their Corporate Finance . 

They provide general financial services leading 
to money raising, re-financing, mergers, 
acquisitions and disposals for clients who include 
many of the best known names in British industry 
and commerce. 

The ideal candidate will be a high calibre graduate 
aged 24-28, with ACA or legal qualifications 
gained within a City firm, or be a banker with 
some experience of mergers/acquisitions or new 
issues work. 

Promotion will be rapid and salary competitive for 
the individual who is confident, articulate and 
capable of taking the initiative. 

Please ring or send cv to Sara Bonsey. 

All replies will be treated in strict confidence. 

18, Eldon Street Moorgate. London EC2M 7 LA. Tel: 01-588 4224 



United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority 





ewer Design is a newly established C5ty consultancy specialising in 
the recruitment of professional banking personnel 


Somb Davies aed Judy Adams are currently recruiting for several 
SSor Cityinslilutions and are specifically looking for experienced 
Equity Salesmen and Earasteaid Dealers. 


i «;<J 2 Owen has considerable experience in this area and is pniticutariy 
jSSK “ng to high calibre Senior Credit Analysts and Mar- 

ketmg Officers. 

If wm. would welcome the chance of an informal and conffdenua/ 
SSteS opportunities in there areas telephone us today on 

01-489 0889 



A (X»wnIfnr/o^® iMANAGER 

-The 3uccessfulca^^^“ n n g^wit 0n to ussttmg m aU as- 

monthly management ™° Financja j Director. 

pects of the work of w ^me commercial and/or auditing 

The Winfrith Atomic Energy Establishment, which is set 
in an area of outstanding natural beauty in rural Dorset 
is one of the major establishments of the United Kingdom 
Atomic Energy Authority. Our business covers a wide 
range of nudear and non-nuclear R & D operating 
under a Trading Fund. V\fe therefore undertake on a 
commercial basis major projects and programmes on 
behalf of government and industry. 

To help manage our activities effectively we are seeking 
a deputy chief accountant The successful candidate 
wiil assume responsibility for a staff of 60 handling the 
full accounting function for the site. This wiil indude 
the production of quarterly and annual financial accounts, 
cash control and sales invoking. In addition you will 
be expected to give advice to site management on 
. operational cost effectiveness and to take a key rote 
in the development of financial and management 
accounting computer systems. 

You will be a qualified finandal or management ac- 
countant with a number of years' experience in the 
management of accounting staff. Vbu will be able to 

and engineering management and you will be familiar 
with computerised management information systems. 

To reflect the importance of this position we are offering 
a salary in a range of up to £20,830, together with 
generous leave and relocation facilities in appropriate' 
rircu Distances. 

For further information and an application form 
please write to Appointments Board 'B', Personnel 
Department AEE Winfrith, Dorchester, Dorset 
DT2 8DH, or telephone Dorchester (0305) 63111, 
Extension 2370, quoting reference WB396/2. 

dosing date for applications: 25 July 1986. 


Develop a Long Term Career 

The fee income of our Accountancy and Financial Recruitment 
Consultancy operation is up by more than 50% compared to this period 
last year and the Company is enjoying a period of demand for its services 
unparalleled in its 10 year history. 

We are, therefore, keen to hear from talented experienced consultants or 
outstanding trainees. You will be aged 24-30, almost certainly a graduate 
or professionally qualified, be particularly bright and highly ambitious 
and be keen to benefit from our formal in-house training and professional 
development programme. 

The Company personnel are all aged under 35 and we are justly proud of 
our record of having more than trebled our size in the period 1983-1986. 

If yon feel you have the potential and enthusiasm to be able to contribute 
to sustaining this level of growth call DAVID PEACHELL, Managing 
Director, for an initial discussion. 

TeL* 01-242 6321 

Personnel Resources 75 Gray’s Inn Road London WC1X 8US 


Public Practice Im ‘sum 


Intemalional bank requires an experienced person to deal with training programmes for their interna- 
tional audit teams. 

Experience of audit, an expansive personality and the ability to communicate are more important than a 
formal training qualification. 

This involves preparation and writing course material as well as presenting it so knowledge ofaccouniing 
procedures should be comprehensive. The audit teams include chartered accountants, computer staff and 
graduates. Varied and interesting with some travel both in UK and overseas. 

Salary will be commensurate with experience but no less than £1 8,000 pa. Please contact Shelagh Ameil 
on 01-583-1661 



Required for one of the country's leading High Tech, companies. Initially, you will be part of a smalL 
highly professional team, involved in the preparation of monthly and annual accounts within the UK 
and USA. Rapid progression w^ll follow with commensurate salary increases. After one year the 
successful candidate will expect to earn £19,000+ with a wide ranging package of benefits. 

Please telephone Alan JR Jacobs on 01-583-1661 

ASB ACCOUNTANCY. GV*s for both positions to 


50 Fleet Street, London, EC4Y 1BF. 

The FinanciaJ 
95 New Bond Street 

WlY 9LF 


Channel Islands £14,500 (20% local tax) 

International firm of Chartered Accountants are 
currently recruiting recently qualified ACA/ACCA’s for 
their Jersey office. An interesting variety of clients range 
from pic’s nnd International Banka to local fanners and 
restauranters. Subsidised accommodatioa, low tax rates, 
no VAT, first class CPE courses, and a pleasant working 
environment combined with idyllic surrounds of Jersey 
make this one of the most attractive and beneficial 
career moves for the. outgoing and ambitious recently 
qualified ACA/ACCAs. 

Initial interviews dan be arranged in July in either 
Edinburgh or London by contacting CAROL 
JARDINE send a written CV or telephone 01*242 
6321. . 

Personnel Resources 75 Gray's Inn Road London WC 15 8US 



£ 18,000 


The successful candidate wall need to possess the following 


Minimum of 10 years experience in large public/private entities, 
covering accounting, tax, general financial services and office 


Fluency in written/spoken English/Arabic essential to 
communicate with overseas clients. 

Previous experience of working in the Middle East is essential and 
must be prepared to travel to region extensively. 

Replies to: 2 Hobhouse Court, Suffolk Street 
London SW14HH 




A guide to career 

Bovis International 



Bovis International Limit ed., part of one of the UK’s leading 
construction companies, is looking to recruit a Management 
Accountant to work at their offices in Chiswick, \Sfest London. 

Reporting to the Chief Accountant, the successful candidate 
will be required to produce monthly management accounts to 
a strict timetable. There will be considerable involvement 
with foreign currency bonds, guarantees and overseas banks. 
The department is computerised. 

This position is permanent and carries with it the usual 
benefits associated with this large group of companies. 

W: are an equal opportunities employer. 

Please telephone for an application form or write to: 

The Personnel Department 
Bovis International Limited 
10-13 Heathfield Terrace 
London W44JE 

Telephone: 01-995 8961 v 

Bovis * * 

' «*■ . Rnvis International l imited 

w&w ' 1 
P&O Group 

Bovis Internationa] Limited 
A member of the P & O Group 

1986 s major opportunity fora proven pharmaceutical marketer: 
advance your career with a global top 20 company as: 

Marketing Director 

Ethicals mid-£30K s basic 

Male or female, probably under 45 and a life science graduate with a 
business qualification, you will replace an incumbent (moving on 
within the group) to direct UK/Eire strategy and operations, 
maximising sales and profitability on all planned timescales. Your 
resources will be substantia] - immediate access to the chief executive; 
a sales/marketing team of 120; the backingof a giant and creative 
research-based operation. Personal rewards and development 
opportunities will also be significant if you can demonstrate, and not 
merely assert: 

• a successful and relevant track record in Anglo-Saxon markets. 

• organisation, communication and leadership skills 

• self-confidence, judgement, poise 

• potential as a boardroom team-player. 

Write now, with impeccableCV prerentation/history of achievements, 
or telephone Roger Stephens for a brief initial talk: Client and 
candidate identity fully-protected at this stage. Ref. 8610. 

Roger Stephens 

& Associates 

Management Search • Selection ■ Development 
Chequers House, 1-3 Park Street. Old Hatfield. Hertfordshire AL9 5 AT 
Telephone 07D7^ 753ft! 


Could yon help manage Comm unity and 

resources withm the NHS? Continuing Care Unit 

Balancing NHS budget restrictions with £11,402 - £13,619 

OurCommunity and Continuing Care 
“"2“* chaljray. Btn Uni , bwludes the traditional range or 

oounumt with HampfleadthSih ^afSSlSS*^ 

If you are capable with sound basic ' dlsca *s. Coppetis Wood Hospital 

skills and want to grow fast into a highly Reporting to the Assistant Treasurer, 
responsible role, any one of these new you will provide financial advice to the 

appointments could represent a sjgn/fi- Community Unit General Manager, 
cant hap forward m your career. Right and also assist with the preparation of 

frocn trie start youwiU have I be ad van- Unit budgets within the cash allocation. 

Mental Health Unit 

menL There you will gain valuable nrst- 

■■eeuuiii kj ucvciui* tuui manageinetii 
and accountancy dulls. 

Unit Management 

Working within our Acute Care. Cont- 
ra unity Health or Mental Health Units. 
Responsibility comes early in these po- 
sitions. Your primary task will be to 
assist senior management in the control 
of resources. 

Acute Unit 
£14.060 - £17,446 

The Royal Free Hospital. which in addi- 
tion to being one of London's nrcyor 
Genera! Hospitals, is an undergraduate 
teaching hospital with its Medical 
School on the p rem is e s. 

As financial adviser to the Unit General 
Manager of the Acute Unit, you wil] 
internee with major budget holders and 
the Medical School to better determine 
how the budget of £42 million should be 
allocated. You will also ao as the Direc- 
tor of Finance's represen tative at any 
Unh meet in gs. 

■ — at Frient Hospital a Psychiatric 
Hospital run from - bm situated outside 
- Hampstead, you will take pan in the 
biggest change in mental health policy 
since the Victorian times, as we rehouse 
our ro-patients into community 

As financial adviser to the Unit General 
Manager, you wDI work with a budget of 
£13 minion. In addition to assisting in 
the preparation of the Unit's budget 
you win develop management budgets 
and appropriate speciality cost 

Surprisingly, perhaps. NHS experience 
is not a prcquiofc for any of these posts, 
although we would welcome a back- 
ground of public, voluntary sector, 
charity or aid accounting. 

For further details either telephone or 
write with career details to: John Hal 
lam. Deputy District Personnel Officer. 
Royal Free Hospital Pond Street. 
Hampstead. London NW3. 01-794 0500 
eXL 4287 

Closing date August 1st 1986 





The Legal Department of a major clearing bank, based in me City 
of London and with responsibility for the legal affairs of the Bank 
throughout the world, wishes to recruit a new lawyer. 

He/she could be a solicitor with some 3 - 6 years experience with a 
top city firm, a barrister with the same years In practice at the 
Chancery Bar, or an employed barrister or solicitor with experience 

successful applicant would be 26-30 and would have a good uni- 
versity degree of not less that 2:1 or equivalent He/she will have 
flair, drive and determination, as well as professional ability and the 
ambition to succeed in a bank where ability in the Legal Depart- 
ment is rewarded with high position up to general management 
level. The Legal Department Is small and friendly and the work is 
varied and important 

The starting salary win depend on age and experience. It is antici- 
pated however that it will be not less than £20,000 p.a, with the 
benefits usually associated with a position in banking manage- 
ment inducting a profit sharing scheme. 

Applications, in the strictest confidence, should be sent with c.v. to 
Box No. C04 . 

Management Accountant 


Our cDant is a successful and exp er uBng 
group, engaged principally In the re-condition- 
ing of vehicle components. "Trie US parent is 
Investing heavily In the UK and substantial, 
sustained {growth is envisaged. Their 
computerised accounting systems are being 
comprehensively up-dated, inducting the 
introduction of Standard Costing and a fully-' 
integrated Management Accounting package. 

The successful cancfldato wfl develop and 
instal the new system, tailoring off-the-shelf 
software to suit the company's operations, 
and working closely with the management of a 
major sub-group at three re-manfecturfng 
companies. ACMA is required. Mowed by at 
least five years experience of which three 
must have been concerned with the oper ati on 
of a compu t er-based management accounting 
system in a manufacturing environment. The 
ideal c an dMate will have been an enthusiastic 
No .2 in a similar development situation, now 
wishing to use that experience in the lead rata. 
Benefits include a company car, BUPA, and 
rel oc ati on assistance if necessary. 

Male or female ap p Ncanta should write fct 
confidence to Edward B. Gorman, Personnel 
Services Division wtth a comprehensive CV 
or telephone for a Perso nal History Form 
quoting RefJ32018. 

P-E Consulting Services 

EBZ Wanridr Hoad, Sdfcifl, tTa«f MidZctxb, 891 3DX W: *0-76503* 

Breaking into a man’s world 


You would Eke your banking exp e rtise, hard work & 
communications to give you both fob satisfaction & 
financial rewards. You are 23-30, highly motivated, 
keen to learn & have a positive personality & a 
minimum of two years of experience in Merchant or 
Investment banking in the City. 

We are a banking recruitment consultancy, looking 
lor a consultant to join our team, £13,000- £15.000 
++ Salary package. 

Gaff Lyn Cedi on 439 7001. 

146 BfehopsgaftB, London EC2M 4JX: 01-377 8ffl)0 



Whether you're an employer looking for 
a short-term accountant or an accountant 
looking tor short-term employment. 

can accountemps on 

01-638 8171 

A Division ct Ropers Half Personnel 

Over the Iasi few years there has been a 
great emphasis on starting your own 
business, but despite Mrs. Thatcher's 
endorsement there has been lUtle enthu- 
siasm for encouraging women to start on 
their own. 

However, official figures show that 4 
per cent of all economically active 
women are self-employed, compared to 9 
per cent of men. Unofficial sources 
estimate that 6 per cent of all businesses 
are female-owned, and the number is 

Leah Hertz, herself a successful 
entrepreneusc and the author of The 
Business Amazons a study of 50 Ameri- 
can and 50 British women business 
owners, says "Starting your own busi- 
ness has been the traditional upward 
route for most minorities. Today women 
are finding that the rules are less 
restrictive in starting their own compa- 
nies. than in working for others. Denied 
access to positions of power and author- 
ity. they are looking to other sources and 
creating their own opportunities.” 

Autonomy and achievement are the 
main reasons for women starting up on 
their own. Money is rarely the motiva- 
tion. although necessity may be. Women 
lend to seek out business possibilities 
where technical and financial entry 
barriers are low. and where managerial 
experience is not immediately important 
to success or failure. 

In practice this leads women to set up 
“female-type” businesses which, says 
Ronnie Ltstsenu Director of the Business 
Development Programme at City Uni- 
versity. and the Course Director of 

Money is rarely found to be 
the prune motivating force 

Living Magazine’s Finding Your Niche 
Programmes, “are often the fastest 
growing business areas.” 

Women in general want to set up 
businesses that they care about, and have 
a real commitment to the product or the 
service. Women find it harder than men 
to start up. largely, Lessem says “Because 
of their fear of using or exploiting people 
gets in the way of using a network of 
friends or contacts the way that a man 
would.” Y’et once the business has 
started, he finds that “ women have an 
enabling, nurturing ability quite different 
from men. They get the most from their 
employees. Women are concerned about 
the development of their staff, and run 
matriarchal organisations which are 
more creative and flexible than male led 
enterprises. But paradoxically, this can 
prevent women from growing large 

Ronnie Lessem thinks that many 
female-run businesses are the pattern for 
the future, especially in their use of part- 
time staff. “Women have an ability to do 
lots of things at the same time, they can 
operate in two or three different areas 
without difficulty." 

Certainly most women business own- 
ers seek to structure their work to cope 
with the demands of family life. “Wom- 
en who start their own businesses tend to 

County Council 

An Equal Opportunity Employer 

A growing number of 
women are now setting 
up their own business, 
and creating jobs that 
suit themselves better. 
Corinne Julius considers 
this struggle to achieve 
autonomy and success 

be younger or older than their male 
counterpart” says Ronnie Lessem ‘‘be- 
cause they begin before, or after they 
have children.” 74.5 percent of women, 
started in business only after they had 
had their children. Unlike women 
executives, only 39 percent of whom had 
children, 74 per cent of women business 
owners had offspring. - 
Women who start enterprises are often 
profoundly influenced by their own 
family backgrounds. Leila Keenan, a 24- 
year old graduate, had both a mother and. 
a grandmother who ran their own strops^ 
but she had never contemplated her own 
business until one day she noticed that a 
delicatessen (where she had worked 
briefly for holiday money) was going 
bust and was up for sale. 

She borrowed small sums of money 
from her family and friends and within a 
few months, without business Paining or 
experience, had created the Cheese 
Board, a specialist cheese shop. She 
found that she was not so keen on 
running it. and through boredom fell 
into the trap of expanding too quickly. 

She has since been on an MSC at the 
London Business School which, she says 
“has Iran formed me from a self-em- 
ployed person to a business woman!* 
Margaret Seymour started her own 
business at 37. when her three children, 
were still quite young, helpinga friend do 
up holiday cottages. Because of financial 
differences with her partner, she decided 
in 1980 to start her own company, 
Seymour Swimming Pool Services. To- 
day she employs twelve people, has a 
turnover of £400,000. and was a finalist 
in this year’s British Association of 

Women Entrepreneurs ‘‘Business 
Women's Enterprise Award’* 

Her problem was finance. She has now 
established a good reputation and says 
“Creditability is your greatest asset, you 
have- to -be reliable, and honest.” Her 
advice to other women is ~to have a go — 
do not be overawed. If you can organise a 
family you can do anything.” 

Eugenie Maxwell was' m her fifties 
when she inherited J. S. Crowther LtcL a 
specialist paper bag manufacturing com- 
pany. The operation was almost defunct 
Mrs. Maxwell (a former actress, who 
could not read a balance sheet) set about 
saving the company. Five years later, the 
business has prospered and now sells not 
only bags io America, but has also 
ventured in specialist products — Prin- 
cess Eugenie Tea and Cookies. 

Raising the finance can be difficult 
but as Mrs. Maxwell says “All entrepre- 
neurs experience this problem. It is easy 
to think ifs because I am a Woman, but 
usually it’s because we have no track 

record." " •• 

Leila Keenan's advice is: “You need to 
beable lb talk to yourbank manager, arid 
if you cannot and he will not help, then 
you must change banks. Remember you 
are doing them a favour by banking with 
them, and not vice versa.” There are 
many other sources of finance, and it is 
worth seeking advice from your local 
enterprise agency, 

- “No' matter what the product or 
service is. it won’t sell itself* says 
Margaret Seymoar. “You Have to have 
assessed the market and be able to sell. It 

’74 per cent of females in 
business now have offspring 

is your enthusiasm that sells your 
product or service— but do not lose your 
integrity in the hard selL" 

Most small business owners find life 
lonely and very demanding. -but women 
entrepreneuses^find it even more so. “I 
really do not have a peer group” says 
Leila Keenan “neither my friends nor 
my family really understand what I da A 
lot of mV friends seem to think that I am 
some, kind of Arthur Daly, always on the 
fiddle.” It can be helpful to join some 
kind of network, like BA WE. (British 
Association of Women Entrepreneurs) 
where you will get support and access to 
useful sources of information. 

There is a great tenipiaiion to give up. 
Eugenie Maxwell says: “You have to 
have creativeness and then the courage 
to back your ideas up.. Yqq have to 
believe m yourself, learn- to mist your 
own judgements. Confidence is all.” 
“Don't give up” says Leila Keenan. “Be 
prepared for people to be nasty, to you. 
Sometimes you feel that everyone is 
against you. Do not be afraid of failing 
In the United States they accept Mure, 
it shows you’ve tried” 

• For further information on starting 
your own business, send an A4; self 
sealing SAE to Special Reports (Starts), 
The Times, 1 Pennington Sl London El. 

Deputy County Treasurer 

Salary up to £27,000 plus lease car or 
essential car user allowance. 

Hertfordshire has a gross revenue budget of £510 million and employs 46,000 

Applications are invited from persons with an appropriate accountancy 
qualification and local government experience for the post of Deputy County 
Treasurer. The present holder, Mr. David Prince, leaves in October to become 
Director of Finance and Administration of Cambridgeshire. 

The Deputy County Treasurer takes a leading role in the management of a 
department of 270 staff and in developing its contribution to effective financial 
management He/she will be expected to make a positive contribution to the 
full range of the County Council's policy making processes and will have a key 
accountability for the further development and implementation of the corporate 
information technology strategy. 

For further particulars contact Caroline Holloway on Hertford 555563. 

Partner Designate 
- Sussex 

Our client a well known progressive Sussex 
Practice is seeking a qualified accountant prefera- 
bly with tax experience to join and later take over 
one of their branches. 

The ideal candidate will either be recently quali- 
fied with ‘Big 8' experience in London or a person 
in their early thirties, already in the profession 
seeking a prospective partnership. 

Salary & relocation package, if necessary, will not 
be a problem to the right applicant. 

Send CV to Alan Rayner or 
Tel. him on 0444/4T712B. 

Applications, giving relevant career 
particulars and three referees, to be 
sent by Monday 21 July 1986, to 
M J te Fleming, Chief Executive, County 
Hall, Hertford, SG13 8DE (reference CH). 



4A Commercial Ssaare. 



with top management potential 
Central London £18,000 + excellent benefits package 

Building substantially on past .success, tills international media group offers 2 key roles for 
ambitious, aggressive young CAs/CCAs/CMAs who can demonstrate die ability to account & plan for 

These are opportunities in a motivated team with a brief to develop top quality finai-w-feiT 
controls to support the entrepreneurial management. 

FINANCIAL ACCOUNTANT — the challenge of creating internal controls at the financial 
power-hase of this JLVt billion business, responding to the “hands on" executive style. Substantial 
computerisation changes are taking place, offering a stimulating career to a strong technical 
Accountant who thrives on fast-learning opportunities. 

DEVELOPMENT ACCOUNTANT— an AnaljUcal/Investigative role (with NO Audit association) to 
ensure the smooth development of accurate reporting of cost & revenue areas. A non-routine 
position giving immediate scope to impress by solving financial control weaknesses. Exposure to 
both micro and mainframe .facilities. 

Both positions require a determined achieverwho enjoys being rewarded for effort & results. 
There is a record of promotion on meric— both Jn Central Finance and Operating LTnit 

Candidates should be practical, qualified, aged 25-30. 

“Written replies & CVs should be addressed totJ-R- Adcock at 25 New Street Square, 

Ixwulon EC4A 3LN (quoting ret F6071).as replies will be forwarded direct to our client, 
please indicate in your letter any company to whom you do not wish your details disclosed. 


Martin Gnaw, 

C ha t tel ad Accountants 
11 Cornwall Terraco, 
negate Part 
London HW1 4QP 

Due to expansion, we require several bright and setf- 
motrvated accountants who can take responsibility arid 
deal directly with cherts. Interesting and varied work 
on general and entertainment clients. Excellent pay and ■ 
working atmosphere. 

Tub BavM Green n 01-486 2811 


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[UJ] Clark Whitehill Consultants 

Executive Selection 

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A crucial step for 
your career 

Central London & Ealing W5 up to £10,700 

Wh ?® ver sj°9 e you've reached in your career, you naturdly 
seriou^y VOr ^ C " m or 9 an * sa,ion wh «* takes your ambitions 

.. British Telecom does fust that. Whether you join us straight 
trorn coUege or with years of experience, we actively encourage 
you to take training courses, build on your skills, and improve your 
promotion prospects in every way. And in an organisation the size 
highest fev^ P BQnS opportunit * e5 ^ or career progression to the 

It s all part of the dynamic approach we take to each aspect 
of our fast-moving high-technology business. 

, Atihe moment we are looking for Secretaries at various 
tevels to join us at our attractive offices in Central London and 

Working for one of our senior managers you will need 
good audio {120 wpm) and/or shorthand (100 wpm) plus typing of 
^ A good level of general education (a minimum of 

4 O' levels induding English and Maths) and/or several years' 
experience is important 

Starting salaries will be in the range £8,272 - £10,727, 
induding Inner London Weighting, depending on level of 
appointment and location. There are also a number of vacancies 
in Ealing fortypists with WP experience. 

To apply, please ring Tim Casey on 01-356 9734 for an 
application formor write with full CVto him at: 

British Tele com, 2nd Root, Priory Reids House, 

120 Aldersgate Street, London EC1A 4J Q. 



develop your 

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01-585 4422 




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01-583 4422 



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01-523 4422 


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81-583 4422 



El Banco InteTamericano de 
Desarroilo ofrece posiciones e: 

Washington, D.C., Estados 
Unidos de America, a secretary 
taqulgrafas bilingues en espario 
ingles, ciudadanas del Reino 
Unido. Excelente sueldo, 
beneficios y condiciones de 
irabajo. Gastos de viaje e 
instalacion por cuenta del 
organ ismo. Ingreso, previo 
examen de mecanografia y 
taquigraiia en ambos idiomas 

Enviar curriculum con foto a 

Sra. A Guderrez 
Banco Interamericano de Desarro 
808-17th Street, N.W. 
Washington, D.C. 20S77 

1 1 il V7t U M 



Cullens Stores has recen il y rdoca ted to modern 
offices in Weybridge. \\jsno\vhave a vacmcry fora 
Senior Secretin’ tc£wbik for our Personnel Directorand 

You must be a very competent and discreet 
secretary with excellent communication skills to 
provide the wide range of secretarial and confidential 
services required of vou. You should havegood 
organisational abilities, accurate typing and, preferably, 
shorthand skills oflOOwpm. Word processing training 

A high standard of personal presentation wfll be 
expected of the successful candidate, but be w’amed - 
this is not a role fora budding prima donna who isn’t . 
prepared to ‘muck-in ’ when crises arise. 

This is, however a rewarding and wd! paid job 
with a salary negotiable up to £JO,OOOpa according to 
experience, with benefits such asstaff discount on 
goods, free life assurance and , after a qualifying period, 
staff pension scheme. 

For further details telephone our 
Recruitment Consultant. Man- Overton 
on 01-73-17282. 



. - J* .V . t 


The ideal candidate will be aged mid 20’s with 
sound secretarial experience in an International 
fast moving environment where presssure and 
deadlines are a way of life. 

A demonstration of figure ability is required 
and 0 level maths is essential since yon wOl be 
expected to work m precise terms with financial 
information relating to International taxation. 

Responsibl fries include the preparation of cor- 
respondence mid agreements requiring an 
excellent command of the English language. 

We envisage a training period of approximately 
six months during which time you will receive 
expert guidence. 

’ Gibson Dunn and Crutcher are. a major Ameri- 
can law firm with a- branch office in London. 

; . We o^r a rigofiabie ^lary. 

Interested applicants may submit a C.V.'to 

. Mrs Brady 
Office Manager 

73 South Audley St, 
London W1Y 5FF. 

PA £11,500 

Marvellous post for young PA/Secretaiy m InUwna- 
lional Invesunent Area. This post involves oramnng 
conferences and seminars throughout the UK. Oeaiing 
with presentations and the Press. Some travel in- 
volved- You will have exc. skills. 100/70 and WP. 
confidence, excellent appearance and the abilrtyto 
deal with the public at all levels. Age 25 - 30. Benefits 
mortgage sub. bonuses etc. ____ 

Tel: 01-430 1551/2653 

r A ^ 

Buildmg Society 
is currently seeking to recruit a 


■p la £10,000 pa 

to work in Its Central London Head Office 

This position is the Senior Secretary in the Treasury Divi- 
sion which will require a NgMy professional standard, 
induding diplomatic sJoVs in meeting and dealing confi- 
dently with senior executives and directors of the society 
and as professional contacts m the City ot London. 

as training wtil be given 9 required. 

A good educationaJ background as a prerequisite as the 
successful candidate must be in possession of a high 
standard of English Language. - 
The vacancy has arisen because of a period of maternity 
leave, fn tte-ewnt of. the member of staff cm- maternity 
-leave returning, an alternative. position will be found in 
Head Office. 

Please send fun details ot yore age. experience and quali- 
fications to reach us no later than Friday 18 July addressed 

Diana Lee. Personnel Assistant 
Personnel Department 
Nationwide Building Society 
New Oxford House High HoRxtm 
London WC1V 6PW 

Nationwide Building Society 
- an Equal Opportunity Employer i 


/ £ 11,000 \ 

A rare opportunity lor 2 lirst 
class P.A. Sec 10 co-ororfur? 
major business protects and 
become nvohiea in decision 


Excellent development pros- 
pects. working tor P.R. 
Manager ot tn<s maior Co. 
Good sec skills and ability to 
take initiative essential. 

£9,000 + Bobus 

Become involved in ^us busy 
Personnel dept. Your tong 
and organisational eMfties wi:l 
be fully utwsed. 

Contact Linds Petri dr 

01-493 £Ee3 


\ 100 N«w Bond Street / 
■ London W1Y 9 lF / 

stantiai discount on company 

This is a high profile secretarial 
role r, a busy, somstimss hectic office. 
If you feel you match up to our de- 
manding standards, please phone 
Phyllis Morgan, Personnel Manager on 
01-724 81 ST for an application form or 
write to her enclcsinc a detailed cv at 
C3S Records. 17/19 Scno Square, 
Lcndcrt W1. 

Wine Merchants : _ _ 

Our Assistant Buyer/Shipping Manager requires an assistant to undertake shipping, 
administrative and secretariat work. Good secretarial skills and previous experience, 
in the wine trade essential. Knowledge of French desirable. This is an excellent 
opportunity for someone who has already been employed in the wine trade to gain 
invaluable experience working for a top City wine merchants. 

Firs! class remuneration according to age and experience. 

Please send your C.V. to 

Miss. A/i. J. See 
Comey snd Barrow United 
12 Helmet Row 
London EC1V 3QJ 



5 We are looking for 2 Hosting secretary with excellent 
3 skills, both shorthand and audio, to stand in for and 
U provide additional support m our London office. A well 
I rounded personality and a flexible attitude to work is 
S essential m mis veung envircnment. Word processor 
i training given plus excellent fringe benefits. Salary 

! range £5.250 to El 1000 p 2 . 

For more details please ring: 

Jennie Evelsgh 

i 22 Chancery Lane 

j Lcndcn fc'C2A 1LT 

01-405 5544 


' Chance to nod on frmomti 
oomrw un-el euau tor 
vajm But. Team flueni 
fiencn speeds 100,60. Aud 
+ WP a musi Ev: narkaw 
nd superb salary. Hal e>- 
penses + lights m UK every 
vreeienj 1 Hard work but tun 
aged 24+ Finance /oversees 

01-408 0424 


Secretary required for varied role within lively 
practice in Camden Town. Excellent typing 
skills essential; initiative and enthusiasm 
appreciated. W.P. but no shorthand. Aged 21 +. 
£8.225 + profit share and five weeks holiday. 

Please ring Nancy Rossi at LILA, on 

267 5681- 

No agencies 


I “Opportunities in two extremely sti mu la t ing and creative H 
■ departments of a major international practice || 




I ACfis 27-35 £20k— £30k+ Car B 


I • tTwaUoot career opportunities for CA's with the ckrtermmatian and drive to provide the j| 

i n fitiHltlOIlS- 

1S3j art* DRAW 05l22 Z}f? 

031225 7744 

Secretary t© 
General Cotsnsel 

POLYGRAM is mainly involved in 
records and tapes, compact discs and video. 

We need a first-class Secretary with tip- 
top skills (shorthand and audio! to work for 
our GENERAL COUNSEL who is also ac- 
tively involved in our musievideo company. 

This is an extremely interesting but 
demanding position, requiring an excellent 
organiser, a calm disposition, tact 3ntfdiscre» 
lion. Ideally, you will be aged 28-35. have 
previously worked in an international envi- 
ronment with WP and telex experience. 

Based at Shepherds Eush. you will receive 
an excellent salary, annual bonus, LVs and 5 
weeks holiday. 

If you feel you possess the necessary quali- 
ties to fill this role, please write with detailed 
CV and daytime phone number to: 

Joy Hamlyn. Personnel Officer, Polygram 
International Limited. 45 Berkeley Square, 
London WIX 5DB 



Busy Company Director with wide ranginb 
interests including clothing export etc. re- 
quires Personal Secretary with shorthand, 
experienced in working on own initiative at 
senior level. Pleasant West End office loca- 
tion. Salary c £10.500 p a. + benefits. 

Please forward C.V. fo 

30 WeSbeck Street 
London W1 
Quoting reference SR 


Required by busy architects office. Ring Linda 
01-370 3129 or apply in writing to 

Stefan Zins Associates Ltd 
71 Warwick Road, London SW5 9HB. 

p.a.+ PmKS. 


A senior shorthand W.P secretary is sought by 
the Financial Director of a prestigious 
oroanisaticn situated In pleasant surroundings. If 
you have 120/60 shorthand/ Gopy typing plus 
extensive knowledge of the W.P., then this could 
be for you. Interviews as soon as possible. 

Please ring Sub Carson or Marina Young on 948 

Allred Marks Recruitment Consultants 
27c The Quadrant 
Richmond Surrey 


Lovely job with 
responsibility and 

Much client bason and 
banking staff at aU 

Typing, switchboard 
and using your French 

Phone us now - position 

c£1 4,000 

Ocr dent is one o< Europe's 
most successful and fastest 
expanding food groups and 
they have retamed us to end 
a totally tx-kngual loyal and 
diplomatic secretary tor one 
•i ol the« senior executives. 
The |ob wd be based just 
outside DusseWort but mier- 
views will be conducted m 
London Shorthand in Ger- 
man and English wd be 
needed bur equaBy impor- 
tant wd be your ability to 
speak confidernty across 
■lonunems - pamcUarly to 
New York. Benefits include 
27 days holiday. Age 23*. 

174 New Bond St. W1 

. otaterpationaT International] 

Sif-A Secretaries- ; '■SsL^ Secretaries, 



Salary tip to E9,G87 inclusive 

An experienced Secretary with first class skills is 
requred to work in the Department of Electrical 
and Electronic Engineering. 

The successful candidate wfll provide secretarial 
and administrative support to the Head ot De- 
partment and other members of staff. The ability 
to organise the efficient running of the very busy 
end lively departmental office, which indudes 
two other secretariai/administrative staff is es- 
sential as is a. good .telephone manner and 
excellent communication skills. 

' - The' work is varied- arid inter e sting involving a 
great deal of contact with staff and students and 
applicants must have the confidence to deal with 
a wide variety, of people and a willingness to 
become fully involved in the admtnstration of ihe 

Application forms and further details are avaH- 
' able from the Personnel Department, South 
Bsnh Polytechnic, Borough Road, London S=1 
0AA. Telephone 01 S28 3512 (answering ser- 
vice 9.00 am to 64)0 pm). This is a re- 
j, advertisement and previous applicants need 
jq not reapply. 

Please quote Ref: ADM/60 

Closing date for -applications: 25 July 1986 

An Equal Opportunities Employer 

South Bank 

Teaching for tomorrow 
ei the heart of London 


Are you a graduate secretary with a flair for word process- 
ing tanking to realise your full potential in your naxl City 
job? tt so, a small, highly successful firm of headhunters is 
looking for you. As research assistant/secretary, you will be 
encouraged to (earn the business and provide valuable 
research back-up with the aid of their new computer pack- 
age. Candidates who have initiative and a desire to grow 
with the company, are aged 24-28, with good typing and 
preferably Wordstar experience, should ring 588 3535. 

Crone Corkill 




Professional consultants seek a competent 
Wang WP operator with good organisational 
skills working for a Senior Manager. Supervi- 
sory experience helpful though not essential. 
Immediate position. To arrange an interview 
please tel Unda Heinink on 828 6886 Alfred 
Marks Recruitment Consultants, -133 Victoria 
Street SWt. 

.01^ -4917330. ”■ 


This lively Recruitment Consultants situated in the Haymarket 
will give you the opportunity ;o be more than '|ust a 
receptionist . 

As well as greeting dents, telephone liaison, accurate typing, a 
certain amount ot untiaive and organisational flair is needed. 

We are seekina i smart, well spoken person with a friendly 
personality ideally in their twenties. 

interested applicants should contact Carolyn O'Brien 
on 01-930 7350 as soon as possible. 



In leisure business Holborn area. Legal e'peri- 
ence an advantage. Salary range c£i 2,000. 

Telephone 01-430 2691 . 

No Agencies. 


lonfl'P s most ?<riuswe Health anC Fitiwss Centre has an ercel- 
lent position tor a smart, young prison as 2 PAID CIud Secretary. 
Ftenty d scope for mobenMi mdata* Must bs very good 
•til oiqamrmg WP.'ijDing skills required E»periHiced m 
PR.Niaikenng. also computers ipiflferahte A DP/ 

Contad Miss Rebnertz 
on 01-225 0225. 


If >ou don't keep your eyes and ear* open and (cm all about wfuu 
?oiny on. you uon’l be uhai »e tall o Pv We arc an advemunp 
jlMio. and IK r x 10 one of our Siiuor Duwiors there Mil finer be a 
dull iTKuneni y uell as handling ihe adienising and PR for some of 
our im imponam diems, be heads up ihe agency's business deseJup- 
mems pr^ramme. lour funeuon uill be 10 keep ihe wheels turning 
smouihK and 10 help Ihe Dircclor »iih all aspects Of his wort;. 
Minting up projerts while h< is orhennse efljpgrd. Word processing 
ctjvnciuc and jcrurair taping arc cswniiil bui your shorthand 
speeds need noi he ihe ver> lasta-t. Vou “ill be iramed on an Apple 
Computer Graphics ihinpumajig which ue use lor pnacniaiions. 
i all Richard Hanfrick and tell him aboui youedf. Hell tell you a bn 
mure about Ahai he wants in a Pa. Sian at £4.0QU.(|y&ti. huhday 
anangemeriLs hunouiedi. 

St James’s Corporate Communications. 

4/7 Red Lion Conrt, Fleet Street, 
London EC4A 3EB. Tel 0! 583 2525. 

Thx Manager 

ToSJUK of Chartered 

Accountants wrfie? 0 * —ending 
J&rs for therf "jgfjSJSd 

Seottiab practice Q|l ^ uxvciaa 

narBWAJMl l* , «> l '** ines g decisions and 
implication* of ^ 0 iticr 

pluming to minimi esiate 

M& eB ‘ ent 

bv ^.porornkto for m& ts ^ 
corporate fimneb compoter syswms bbH 
,S!daI systems. Eefesam e*P«ten« can 
^rtsultancy and otter areas- Age 2fr36. 

unpuMm—- #*siate 9 pv Ou*» I 

pl uming to nunlnuse Z — - — — _ ^ ^ 3 ^,^^ telephone 

F„ r a Sharies Corny* U.don, 




Staff Appointments 

Merchant Banking 

Edinburgh ntasrpif S'eq. lu EJiiK - 

There an two opportunities, one at director 
level and lire other at rfnior executive level. 
Botli call Tor prior experience in corporate 
furance. preferably in hanking >but possibly 
in the lepal or accountancy professions). The 
age preferences are mid SOS and late 20's 

63 George Street 
urgli EK2 2JG. 031-226 6222 

Corporate Finance 

E'liiiLwryh £Vy/. 

There arc three openings for young ACVs 
wilt strong arademic and professional track 

(1) corporate planning in a commercial group 
(2) corporate finance in a merchant bonk 
1 3) corporate finance in stock-broking 

6/3 Sackvslle Street 
London W1X.2BR. 01-439 1771. 


Self motivated PA to work for businessman run- 
ning a highly successful group of companies in 
marketing, sales-promotion and publishing, serv- 
ing "Blue-chip ‘ multinational clients. Turnover 
exceeding £1 million; 

Enthusiasm and a bright personality an asset, 
together with a knowledge of marketma, a will- 
ingness to become involved in all aspects of the 
business and usual secretarial skills. Prestigeous 
offices in Godaliming. Surrey. 

Tei. for an application form: 

- -^34866-25463; 

- .34 — . 


crEme de la cr£me PERSONAL (COLUMNS 


Secretaries are required in our Account Handling Department 

You should have good secretarial skills (65wpm typing and 90 wpm 
shorthand) plus Wang WP experience (although cross tr aining will be 
given). Other essentials include a sense of humour and dedication! 

Salary £8.500 pa. 

Send recent photo and CV to: 

..Julie Mcllraith 
41-44 Great Queen Street 
London WC2B 5AR 


£7.00 for one Job 
C 6 .50 for others 
£6X10 tar secs 



for mafium sized firm in 
Wl. Excellent benefits. 
Immediate interviews. 



Variety guaranteed. 
Greeting clients, answer- 
ing phone, writing for a 
fivety group in this small 
office in Lambeth. 

XEROX 860 OP. 

Work In the stimulating 
environment of manage- 
ment consultants in 
SW7. Busy department 
where your sltifls and ex- 
perience will be 

£8,000 neg. 

Training and cross 
training for Wang 
and IBM display 


01 405 7201 

<9 a.m to 6 pan.) 

5 Great Queen Street 
London WC2 B5DG 

OP TO £6.50 P.IL 

Wg tare" a nkcBon si ncfrng 
tamp bookings fersartn Sh/ufa 
sacs c8h -100/60 +■ WP up, 
i (aipntKotarOUVETTlfciAl/mi 

muubiaie a wowtBTAnj. 

Jon our mtessand non today 1 


ml 01-235 8427. 





Fncedlv office m BrixA 

limn * l-l itqairev j KgMuior 
h« Hu jix! hi mv ala. No CVIXTV 
i-nre ik\-dnl b™*vrr hnjht 
cheerful reiv*>«ulnv »nh» rawin' 
lor ban] »urt n vital butooicom- 
mnwii h> mMBowm 

Leslie Marsh and Co 

603 5181. Rets MNW 

WP operator. 

We an tookhig far a capable 
and unflappable person 10 con- 
trol and operate our word 
processor system. We are a 
unique company of writers, 
working in Covcnt Garden. 
We write speeches, videos, 
s crip ts and company newspa- 
pers for all manner of 
bosinessei Wr have rwo ICL 
DRS 8801s and a great deal of 
work- The job is interesting, 
varied and will include sons 
admin. Well pay £9.000 pa 
(more, maybe, after six 
months) to the right person 
who can work in an often hec- 
tic atmosphere which doesn't 
always stop at 5.30 pm. Please 
write to Jeremy Best. Writers 
in Basinas Limited, 32 King 
Street, Coveul Garden, Lon- 
don. WOE 8JD. 


Secretary required for Gen- 
eral Surgeon mid August 
Medical experience pre- 
ferred. Apply in writing, with 
CV, to: 

Kata Fox 

134 Hariey Street 
London WIN 1AH 


Deal with US and European 
soppIiCTi. Organise senttnan 
and meet visiting buyers, 
use your initiative far your 
jet-setting bos and rake 
control Use your shorth an d 


Cafl LJta Mum on 





4 DCndVO CWT*» 

peratety needs hein- Phone 

Found Mian wr CWled CWMren 
0438 812350- 

maining howttalijy wacfc«e» 

iiwfudrspninmee* wa™ stand 
-teats QB92 2863L 


or tin* frugeJ 

urt Fiona Kerr on 01-736 Oaaa 

03 938 1357 “ 

COWBWn M lW W MkhacL 

Mum. Dad. Pdtr ana Chm. 


comm smw Ham 2 ist *h 

our love l«"- Bor* * 


SARAH OANECHYAR lots <rf love 
on vour Inf Birthday and too* 
inn lonvsrd u> erteoraunq your 
l«n birthday' Mummy a Dad- 
ay X 



Larne rocking hone, sull B year 
ol d. R ing Tiwnpsn 0900 
602779 Daytime. 

oT chairs. large mirrors, book- 
cam. dram A minibDI-NS 
0146 228 ?7i6 day mo W. 
WANTED JPWT. ft 676. 670 6 
933. 661- 969. 866. Trt: C02S6J 

WANTED Pruts 1* Buyer Lends 
vultton luggage and cases. 
TrirOSl 709 9666 


Buy ^War Medals 

Muting Orttara A Decorations 
Spink fc Son Lamed 
5-7 King Saco. Sl. J ames's. 

London 5W1Y6Q& 

Ttj: 01-930 7BS8 (24 howl) 




Wool tux Bertws from £135 per 
so yd + WAT. BO* wool Heavy 
Domestic UWton £1345 pit sq yd 
+ VAT. Qrtopftfi Wes £875 
per *q yd + vaT S may other 
groat mtaBHRL 
255 Hew Hags Rod 
Paras Green, SW6 

TeL* 01-731 2588 

rm Mbores - Ere»t Ktaf- 

THC ram S7H-19W. Other 
titles avail. Hand hound ready 
for presentation also 

-Sundays - . £13.60. Remember 
When 01-686 6323. 

SurUgtu Exp. Chess. Ln Mb. 
All Uieatre and marts. 

Tel: 821-6616 B2B-049S. 

A. EX Visa . Pmer*. 
■ntTilOAY DUE T Chv someone 
an original Times Newspaper 
dated the vary day they were 
earn. £13-60. 0492-51305. 


Cwffjiilm ^| [j- fin ni 

TEU 01-486 6951 


Required tor number two 
in new Company. Need 
someone who is happy to 
work long aid odd hours 
but who is (oolong for in- 
volvement. Only people 
with attitude to achieve 
need apply. Good typing is 
necessary. £7,000. 

Phone Alison ok 
01-437 9532. 


Prcmoua expe ri ence 



01-581 8431 


Experienced reSabta Mettical 
Secretary required for pleas- 
ant pAraw practice 01 
Consultant DermattdogisL Sal- 
ary ottered - £7.000 to C&000 
pjL according to age and ex- 

Please te le p ho ne 
01 387 2160 
far further details. 

COMPANY GOLF Days organised 
for sUtff or custo mers. Ai ry-k> 
ralMn. Trt 0734 072722 
FWENDSMP, Love or Marriage. 
AJI ages, areas. Dateline. Dn* 
>016) 23 Abingdon Road. Lon- 
don W0 Trt. 01-938 1011 
Send SAC M Beauchamp PI. 
SW1 Ol 267 6066-Essex area. 
01 504 4142 High sucre* rate 
Men 4065 m demand 
BREAKAWAY. London's club for 
PfWVnstotuI unanwched people 
2343 Over 200 events month- 
ly. 24 hr info nape. 997 7994. 

SELECT renews Exclusive In 
iroduraons For me unattached. 
68 Maddox Street. London Wl. 
Telephone 493-9937. 

CALIBRE CVS Ltd professional 
cumfuium vllae documents. 
Details.- 01-631 3388. 

CAPITAL CVs prepare nigh mrail- 
ly curriculum ilUo, 01-607 



Qualified Sollciton £160 * 
VAT 3 Standard Disburse- 
menu Ring- 0044^319398 
US lawyer 17 BuMrade SL 
London Wl 01 486 0813. 

■wwi rrs of mettlebed itui 
6 18th Century replica funu- 
lure Including the Brourtiun 
Manor Ooflrctum made in our 
own West Country Workshop. 
Nenlehed. Nr Henley toaoi) 
641115. Bournemouth I0202J 
293580. Topsham Devon 
■0392871 7443. Bertvetey CtOB 
<04631 810952 

FINEST auBlUy wool carnets: At 
trade prices and under, also 
available IOOY extra- Large 
roam size remnants under half 
normal price. Chancery Carprts 
Ol «0S 0463. 


Together we can beat it 

We fund over one third of 
all research into the preven- 
tion and cure of cancer in 
the UK. 

Help us by sendings dona- 
tion or nuke a legacy to: 

Cancer m 
Research v* 

2 Carlion Honvr Terrace. 

(Depi niO/). London 5W1Y5AR. 

An ideal opporturety for 
a bright weti-spoken 
person to learn our busi- 
ness in South 
Kensington. Typing 

Tet Pff^iui ok 

01-370 6053 (8 - 5pn) 
01-381 9410 (&30 - 9pm). 

inn •MOUSEMAir Refectory 
SUIIC. laMe. 6 chair*. paneMd 
ndeboard and chest drawers. 
£3.500 060. Trt 0604 406806. 




Efficient,’ experienced 
temporary secretary 
. required for small 
busy office approx. 

£4.50 p.h. 


01-486 7333. 



With tome reception duties 
for first dsw prime medical 
practice Wimpoie Sum. 
W.l. Varied duties as pan of 
small team. Good audio typ- 
ing essential 

Salary circa £7«80*. 

Tel: 486 7876. 

Search for Heiress 

As assistant to The Probate Court m Copenhagen 
in the estate of Viggo Frilsdahl Jensen, bom 
18.11.1912 and deceased in Copenhagen 
1.10.1985, 1 am searching for the deceased's 
daughter Gladys Elizabeth, bom 19.1.1944 in the 
deceased's marriage with Gladys Elizabeth Jen- 
sen, bom Pickard, and according to information 
received, left Denmark for England (presumably 
Newcastle upon Tyne) about 1951. 

Please address information of the deceased's 
daughter Gladys Elizabeth to: 

Advokat Niels Kahlke 
Kobmagergade 3, 

DK-1150 Copenhagen It, 


require audio ijpnt for 
litigation. Pleasant working 


■crandiqg to age and 

Telephone 581 2346. 

SPAIN Madrid /MorMlu Legal 
MUM PA. A UnMue oppor- 
tunity musts for a personal 
amum m Uw senior partner in 
a very important Madrid based 
Spanish Law Practice. This pod 
would Ideally sun a angle per- 
son who should have some 
Legal knowledge, fluent Span- 
ish and English and some 
knowledge of French. Orman 
and Italian atao an advantage 
The successful applicant ndghl 
be aged 21 - 40 with last short- 
hand typing and be prepared to 
travel throughout Europe on a 
regular basis. Driving Brener 
essential Salary, together with 
additional benefits, accommo- 
dation assistance etc. very 
attractive and commensurate 
with experience. Please reply tn 
the first instance In writing with 
photograph. C.V. and personal 
details to: PenoiNln Ltd. 241 
Kings Road. Chebea. London 


with experience He VDU or WP 
or computer! or Might InKtU- 
gmi computet friendly 
COLLEGE LEAVED wllll good 
typing skins wtning m be 
trained in modem technology. 
With an Inierset m cducaUon. 
Challenging powion In progres- 
sive co WCI. Salary caooo. 
Phone 734 3768 Of 437 8476 

OVER 307 Charing Ooss senior 
partner of wen known Survey- 
ors needs PA /Sec with S/H to 
organise his day. Raise with dl- 
enu and sel up new protects. 
Your boss is In his SOS and win 
appreciate your weU organised 
approach. £ 10 . 000 . Coywl 
Garden Bureau. HO Fleet SL. 
EC4 363 7696. 

POCKLANDR m f_in afiB 
sham mod notBc- Jwlf 
O ft. Odn. £160 PfWA™?. 
Trt Ol BIB 7730 alWT 6.30 pm 
v Me Mure for Prof^aB. 
own l^nn A kuchm. Cao^* 
Mil. 1 mu BR. Q1-9W srat 
FLATMATES Srtecttvj Slva fiW- 

Well ruatrlnuodvcmryseevKe. 

Pise Id for apptjaL»^^ ,9l ‘ 
313 Brampton Road. SW3 
KEWBTMF.n »- 25+ sfwrr^u; 
nr house wlih same Mrttfae + 
Iran CHS pn" lnrt - 01 
940 8270 after 7pm 

p IV TrtCl 700 4415 eves 
KEMONGTON n %. dtoep r. m 
uacKHS luxury home v^uj 
qdn. C«J pw loci. 01-701 6534 
nun y u nv, 4 beds. 2 rnw. 
Kit. 2 hSh. sun 6 wof 
u£0 pw. Ol -628 861 1 111 
NWS Room IO Irt W 1 
Mixed House. C196 pem 
TCI: 01 482 2161 
SWX7 6 R for Prof ^ ln n^. 5 
mins Tube. Cl60ocmplusWR»- 
SrtV^T767 8646 at 8pm. 
SWS Dole room in m^ion 
Hal all tacUs. sml couple. W P9 
pw inct. Trt. Ol 370 2264. 
SWA Male, small j™ m ^ 
C11026pcmeMl. Ol 32640B9 
alter 7.00 pro. 

SW11 Prof M 1. n s. aged 2B+. 

to share house OrCh- £170 
prm.inrt Ol 223 0B07 evf» 
W8 Prof M f. share lux f fure 
nal. £66 p.w. exdus- TeLOl 
375 3248 eves. 

W1X M 1 to share a Tuxurtoio 3 
bed apartment. £76 p.w. 
rxniB. Tel: 01-221-6149 • 
o r. lux flat. £160 PCM. EXCl. 
870 9662 after 6 3Com 
O R. Gdn. £46 pwtlfCt.Ai Ml to 
end SeoL 328 4060 AAer 6pm 

Ui friendly house, for prtfml 
£185pcm exet. Ol 946 2526. 
WtMDLEDOH. Prof F 25+ to 
share luxury flat. O R. 
£40. pw. 01-946 6910 eves. 

N U I lINB HBXPraf coopt*. Own 

□ Room in lux FI* 
leafev cresrent. « m«™2 •"*" 
1st Aug. £160 pw. Ol 229 5497 
Wl Urge rm with snower. over 
Looking Flow Sa. m sunwh 
Georgian nouse. Shared kllflj- 
en. £89 P.w. Inc. 01-387 1699 
Charming bedstiung nw Mm- 
Fn C264C30PW Ol 431 0993, 
GMSWVCK. Share designers com- 
f enable mini house. Near lube. 
£06 pw exrt. Tel: 996 6249. 
CLAPHAM NORTH Prof gent to 
share CH rioL O R. newly dec. 
£150 pern trad + let. 326-4662. 



FIRST CLASS Pedigree. Kennel 
Qub regisiered Yorkshire Ter- 
rier puppies no weoksL 
undocked tails. £90X160- Tel 
Ol 262 7863. 


(Hone StoNards) 

«> Ron' ndMMi (MeAtai Sent lon- 
don Wl Tlx cow le aanoHd om a® 
ressansUc n Ho Gmra) Snwy tar 
woe wgnB 6B*s gwed to ne coa- 
asB- sai o mM i ol ispnwiaKe demrei 
are sang unarm, ru— p 
aloes iw p j nu a a na nans and 
flMDng s piMsai/sOBwai N c*- 
ra servers and ad Hoc BMMSka&ic 
ares. AffKam mad horn csw> 
dues wth au e uiiru tt adaudea. Mo- 
ots* mi w nat f. nanrei gi nrereKr 
red iMfy lo oniqraB ad xu* pad wdi 
a wial t eaw suvng as cofage are ita 

JW salary I tZJMJtii benNttjndud- 
■re Brow I badrocci Rat WkB a 


Alsace and 
heaven too! 

Jean Sohi (linger. 
JUOT I0th-I9di 

A new unique service to 
our readers and advertisers. 




for the 

placement of advertising. 

You can now phone in your advertisement to us any Saturday 

morning, from 9.30 a.m. to 100 p.m. 

This is a unique new service for all classified advertisers in 
The Times and Sunday Times — and it costs no extra. 

To book your advertisement phone 01-4814000. 




HM EMM - For Yorkshire fine 
wine. Sumner Bln Enos lot. 
Please phone (0901) 30131. 


and school it 840 age group) 
Trt. 01-373 1665. 


CAMDEN sa. Comfortable house. 
Beautifully furnished and 
eoulped- S PS 5/6. a recep. kit. 
2 baths it e n suite), dresor.m: 
AvaH 22th Jul - 5U> Sep £225 
pw. neg. Trt; Ol 486 6626 . 

PH— w ise hull NtafX jPretty « 
Story Period House, sterps 6. 8 
comfortably, all mod cons. 
Avail Aug 2nd lo 30th Inc. 
£300 pw or negotiable. Refer- 
ences essential. Ol 722 1984 

■Wl PNHU CO l Oose shops .-tube. 
Cosy 2 bedroom, top now iul 
L ounge. kIL imcrowav r 4 bath. 
Sleeps 3 8 week lei al £lBOpw. 
Ol 821 7943 01 671 0476. 


Near Newmarket requires 
an experienced full time 
chef, ability to cook Jap- 
anese meals for their 
students. Apply in writ- 
ing to Mr. Yumeda, 
Herringswell, Bury St. 
Edmunds, Suffolk IP28 

Tel (0638) 75B234 

cmr WDK BAN seeks competent 
barman aged 20 - 26 . 6 day 
week. TeJ 248 8697 after 3pm. 

NMHUIt CDmfortaMe 2 bed 
family flat Avail August. Nr 
Tube, all conveniences with Ige 

HUOE LUX PLAT 5 mtm OtV 2 
dbte beds. 26* rge. fined kitchen. 
aU machines. Ov-erlooung autet 
Green. CO Le L pfrt. £190 pw. 
Trt-637 5388 Mr Pollard. 

KNMMTSBMOOE. Newly deco- 
rated 3 bed- ftal 10 mil untum. 
Lge recep. diner, m ml 2 baths, 
lift, raof (errant. £300 pw. 681 
5828 iTi. 

MARBLE ARCH drtiNitful 5 bed 
lum house L garden, gen. Avail 
now. co lei pref £300 pw met. 
Trt Ol- 283 8833 «Xl 2049. 
(Day I 01-723 4219 (EvrsL 

TOOT11SC L Lire 1 bed garden naL 
F F kUchen. dishwasher, 
wash dryer. Swimming pool. 
IO Mini lube. £120 pw. GO Irt 
preferred. 01 769 6893 

newly renovated flat. Fifty fur- 
nished lo high' standard. Large 
reran, dining or -guest bed area, 
double betted room, kitchen/ 
breakfast room. bath. Long leL 
£336 P.w. ojio. TeCOl -236 
8817 362 8896 
MAYFAIR. Owners own tasteful 
and elegantly furnished 3rd 
noor nai In p b Mock. 2 dbie 
bedrooms, large recep. bath. ML 
washing m c. fridge freezer. 
IKI. CH CHW. £300 pw. Short 
lets by arr s npemenf £ neg. De 
la Rue. 01-493 2224 2938. 
RICHMOND HRJL Luxury balco- 
ny flat. Panoramic views. 2 
double bedrooms. I reception, 
kitchen A ballroom. Station 
and shoos 6 mm. Available Im- 
mediately. £166 P.w. Tecal 
628 6691 >104* 026 126 

.4249 oner 6-30 p.m. 
ktx flats houses: £200 - £1000 
pw. Lsual fees reo. PhUlun 
Kay& Lews. South of the Park 
Chefsea office. Ol 3626X11 or 
North of me Park. Repeal's 
Park office. 01-686 9882. •' 

PROFESSORS 12 Couofew Seek 
- short term lei of comfortable 
flat in- Central London. From 
25th Orl lo .1601 Nov. Please 
phone: Ini School- e( America 
0223-317024 days or-Eves 
Ughiful spacious 3 bed llaL 
Newty refurbished lo a Mgh 
standard, tge reccpL dining rm. 
bath, vs shower rm. v. lge Bt- 

led id), period furniture. £200 

pw Long Co let 244 7363 
street parking Lux flaL Liv-rm. 
klL balh + shower, upstairs 
open bed dress rm. Everything 
provided. £160 P.w 1 year 
min TrtiOl 386 0919 

PUBUSMHC CO. European Dir. 
seeks PA Sec. 100 60 A Lan- 
guages useful. Born organiser. 
Worldwide liaison £ 
Call Nalaha TED Agy 01-736 


• 1 to share lux rue. wUh 
CH video Dw etc. o r. wun 
phone. Nr lube £180 PCM tnc 
Ol 276 3309 lO) 228 7486 IHJ 



£ 10 , 000 + 

Con sd c rai ous. r aHa bte and 
weB-fHVsartdd 29 year old 
girt requras po si tion in inter- 
esting writ (London). SH, 
typing, WP, good speeds. 

Beply lo BOX COS 

ifemalei recks InlerevUng chal- 
lenging position av social 
secretary or sfmifar. preferably 
wim travel. Languages, secre- 
tarial skins, car owner - clean 

licence Nan smoker Five fig 

urc salary required. Excel k-nf 
references supplied. Tel Ol -878 
5464 (evenings) 

currently seeking good duality 
rental acrommodalkui in 
central London lor watting 
company tenants 01-957 9681. 
CHELSEA SWML Large 3 bed. 2 
recep house with views over 
River. Antique furniture. Lang 
co Irt. £276 pw. Buchanans: 
361 7767. 

NENSBMTDN £136 pw Excctlenl 
epac t om fully rurevished garden 
flat 2 bedrooms Buff 2 persona 
01-603 9466. 


8378881 The number to remem- 
ber when seeking best rental 
properties tn central and prime 
. London areas £t60/£2.000pw. 
Wl Elegant 2 Bed not In presDge. 
Hock. Avail for long Go let. 
£3O0pw. Alien! Bales A Go 499 

W HAMPSTEAD. OuncterTua. 
.3 dbie beds, mru recep. f-'f kit. 
I ban & sen WC tandscaoed 
gdn. £300 pw. 626 8611 m- 
WIMil rnrat YHXA0E.2 be<L2 
recep. 1st fir flaL £200 pw. Tel: 
Home from Home. .01-946 

n»"" 9 TA Light lux balcony flat. 
DMe bed. recep. lifts, portcro. 
£193 pw. Long IsL. 623-6826. 
CHELSEA DetigtHfui 2 bedroom 
an. Should be seen. pw. 
Andre Lanauvre. 226 0382- 
MAMPSTEAD unique 2 room co! 
■age and garden. K & 8. Cb- 
»V nr. £160 iw Tetesa 6769 
Week 10 3 Months Irani £300 to 
£3-000 pw. 01-937 9681. ' 
bedroom fML Only £llO pwjo 
careful lennanL Ol 373 0667 
HOLLAN D PARK. S/CstiulloflaL 
' Period ire. Quiet, attract. Fully 
fununclXlOO pwk. 603 SlUL 
bed furn house. Study onto gar- 
den. CO let £360 PW 9S7 6126. 
LOOKMC for Uw best <HL du- 
plex. . bouse in Loodon? 

. £100. lOOOpw. Can 889 6481. 
Medan. £150 pw. Tefc Home 
from Home. 01-946 9447. 
MARBLE ARCH Mews Cottage. 2 
double beds. QMei Location. 
£38 0 pw TeMJl-286 8260. 
HB5 Leighton M. faunae Srdfl 1 
dbkr Bed not. Long let. C86pw. 
221 2615 S.O. Boland Ltd. 
RKHMOND/KEW. 4 beds. mod. 
furn. iown hse. Nr lube. Kew 
gdns. £285 pw. 01-947-1666. 

S KOI garden so. Victorian path 
dew in spacious nar for 2,3 
from £130 pw. 01-373 0667 
WS Studio am*. £110 pw 
company holiday tot only. 588- 
0706 day 994 1497 eviig 
Contact Richard or Mick. Oavts 
Wool fe A Co 402 7381. 
WHIBLEDaN AREA. CM selection 
toes nab. no fee mj tenant?. 
Win«n It San 947 3130. 
WER RI . E PON Lux 2 B*rt» FlaL 
All Mod Cons. Co Lrt. £140 pw 
Exc Location Tel: 01-643-4798 

WOtMURY 2 Bed LUX Flat BOO# 
Terr Ov/tM TotWBus C Xy ♦ 
W/£nd £450 pan Ol -9600737 

CLAPHAM. Spacofus pretty 2 bed 
Rat with balcony. Suit three 
shwri for long lrt m £40 pw 
earti (£120L Buchanans: 361 

mJNCIDHNL Good. acorn CUy 
-West End. single bed ftam Bat 
bt family .bouse. .SuH young 
' codple CllO -pw bid gch. ciec. 
rates. 01-278 7663 after 3 pm 

1 clean gutaf room plus own K 
' 6 B FuBy equipped. CM TV. 

ideaf execiMvp, couple. £79pw. 
Teh 01-960 1222 
HK UEN I D PARK: Harley House. 
Lnlurn. 5 Beds. 2 Recces. KH. 
BYbsa ftfUL UtHKyftm-aoafcnn 

2 Balho. Ref* +• S/C. 
XlAJOtfaa 499-998 L. 

vtsrraw London /pamst Al- 
ien Bates A Go nave a large 
srtecuoo of Bats avafl for 
£2Q0pw ror 1 week >. 01-499 

AMERICAN Bank wgently re- 
aui res luxury flats and houses 
from £200 - pw. Ring 
Surpass Estate AgtnisaSJ 6136 
AVAILABLE NOfW Luxury flats 6 
. houses. Chel s e a . KoMiwndge, 
Brtgravsa. £200 £?OOOpw. 

Tel: BWgHS 68L 6136. , 

4 BED HOUSE. 2 bam. 2 recep. 
- Wimbledon. £300 pw, Co lrt. 
TeL- Home from Home 01-946 

BEHR A BtnCMOFP for luxury 
prooerDes'lo Si Joh ns Wood. Re 
ems-.^wto MUti Yale. Swiss 
Can fr Hampstead 01-586 7561 
CLAPHAM SOUTH - charming 
sunny designer ftaL conferva- 
lory ML balcony. 2 Beds £120 
mrL 673 278a or 676 6994. 
DOCKLANDS. Houses and flats 
itKOughoul the dock lands area 
lo Ml. Dockland* Property ent- 
ire. 01-488 4862. 

FULHAM Nr BMwps Park. 1st Hr 
I bed flaL Qtwf. sunny. Long 
let now. XllDpw Tel: Ol 731 
6504 or 948 3477 ... 

LARGE s KO tOH. Merton 
Park 2 recep. 3 bath, newty 
gibs. £400 pw. Teh Home from 
Home. 01-946 9447. 
Flat. Garage * Parking. Adja- 
cent Thames. £750 pan No 
Agents. CD Lm. 01-2233347 
NWS. Character mals with lots of 
snare- a Obi bads, recep. dining 
rm. ruo ul both * sen WC. 
£260 PW. 01-626 8611 CTJ 
P/R FLAT, 2 bed. large kit. nr 
West Wnabiedon. £142 pw. 
Trt- Home from Home. 01-946 

PUTNEY Lardy flat sitting mic 
oming. 1 bedroom: k«k wen 
equIDcd. £110 PW. Ol 788 
9926 3321 . . 

room luxury serviced 
maisonette CD Let. £360 pw. 
10-7 pm 681 6109 

ST JOHNS WOOD nr on I bed Bn 

flaL Newly furn. Mod KH both. 
TV. £150pw « i bed Ort £120 
pw co lrt pref TeLOl 221 1369 


r~_ CO?FLi 
• AiJCA.'fTf 



£ -S MADSiH 

*1 flWWCJW 

j II754M35 / ^ 

£>:■ fVl-.ri 

-i,- - 

' iBlu rsn- 

■ecV ; rr-“^ ; 


SAfiSA ks 

.“A* 3 -3i 

-J*' f* Tv, 




IK NT for an experienced 
Xerox B60 operator wlih good 
coni- lypmg. Could be kmo 
lerm Top ratp Paul. Pfrare Wr 
phgrw Fimu foe more 
information and on appoint- 
mem on 01 240 3511 EUrabrlh 
Hunt Recruiwmu Conudums 
PA SEC with S H. audio. WP 
•Lotus Sympnonvt lor inocf 
booking Martde arch area Top 
rate for lop skill*, imin 
IO0 oOi. Rmg Moira on 229 
9244 OOApv 


mures a young and eMniniasur 
-vale s awilwt for there Futham 
vnowrooDi. Socle typing an ad- 
vaiuage but not neenuai. Ring 
01 7SJ 3795. -y 



Looking for a house or flat can be a full time job. 
I will find you the best property at the best 
possible price. 

Please phone: 

01-226 9218 



Conveyancing by City Solicitors 

For buying or selling your home in the usual 
way* we charge £280 (+ VA.T. and disburse- 

944 1983 Guards Red. Black 
Leather Snorts Seal* pom. 
5 Roof, ecu 31.000 raun 
Exretiant Condition. FSH. 
£12.600 Tel: 0224 641381 


SPINSTER law Of 4 Wood House. 
Crosirv Wood Road. Binary, 
wisl Yorkshire died There on or 
about 26<h March 1985 fEsiate- 
about £ 6 J 00 L 

The mother of the above-named 
» requested lo apply 10 the Trea- 
sury solicitor IB.v i Queen 
Anne's Chamber*. 2 8 Broadway. 
London SWIH 9JS. faUuig wtuch 
the Treasury Soticttor may lake 
stem to admintstor the estate. 

ments) for prices up lo £60.000. Please 
telephone us tor a quotation on figures higher 
than that. Wc can also help you find a 



TELEPHONE: 01-248 0551 


avail A read MC dlfHamktV. 
wuiivn Long 4 iMit toi» in 
all jinv LlrirM A Co 48- 
AlDmurlnS) M>1 014993334. 

a wren reiaxloa at our private 
beach hotel, then a week ends- 
ing on our yacht toe £350 me 

ft- H B. free w sports, iwk & 

olher rofnDUiauou* Dou. Also 
IHv only fr £99 Ol 326 1006. 

COSTCUTTERS ON flignn hots 
to Europe. L5A fr most destma 
lions Dmfomal Travel' 01-730 
2201. AST A 1ATA ATOL. 


Jots- 6 utafs. day fUgnis. a 
weekv 020 each return. 
Phone Mr Rots 01688 9243. 

widP Gill Edge Travel: ABTA 
Ol *M 5033 Ring Angle 

us* »lr Gi is SMflto- £210 rm. 
High Season Fares. Malar trav . 
rt Ol 485 9237. I AT A 

Bnu Travel. Trt 01 3866414. 

Haymarket Ol 930 1366. 

Nairobi Ja'Burg. Cana Did». 
kanbuL Singapore. K.L Dc&i. 
Bangkok. Hotj Kong. Sydney. 
Emopc A The. Americas. 

L en d a g Wiy"7D& 
01-439 0102 

Open Sanmlxy J0J6-I3J8 


L T C Open Sm. 0763 867036- 

ekBECC, TUMESA 16.19 T £89- 
FUahtbuswr 401-0122 sa nr- 


llll Travrttvue: AMa -AfaL 

SPARS. Portugal. Ctowert' fares 
Brgflles. Ol 733 8191. ATOL. 

SNL" fW .at thewed-appotm 
ed ELI HOTEL in secluded Bay 
01 SMK'Atomo. only 7 mites 
from the rtegani tnlmadonal 
resort of TAORMINA. Price 
inti 7 mghK half -board tn iwm 
room, return day ttmr Cai wick 
nt« every Tuesday. Pool fr pri- 
vate beam, transfers * amort 
tax- No Mdden extras SIOL- 
1AN SLN LTD Ol 222 7462 
o w C396 rtn E69& Auckland 
O w £420 rm £785. jQHurg; 
o W £306 rln £*99. Los ‘ 
tovo w U IS rtn £405 
Flight centre 01-370 1 
New York £269 LA £329. 76 
ratio ca». JTwrq £49& 
Newotn C57S Sydney '£689. 
Auckland £749. pvuy 130 
Jermvn Street. 01 -839 7144 

PKNORCA.' Tcttenfr. Omh tv , 
landv. Algarve visas Apts 
Prttvnjnv Tavern*!. HofMays , 
FU9MV. Brochures bogUngs. ! 
\«n ura Handays. T« 0742 
331 lOO • | 

"•PWLD WIDE Fttrtds spedobstng . 
in First. ChibCkm. CeonMin- to i 
Ainiraoa. Far East. S Africa. ; 
LSA. imwd. Faro fr Ceneva 
S'S"" Travel Onitre. 01-656 
7025 ABTA 73196 

HUM* e.o Rio £486 -lima 
C49S rtn AHo Smafl- Croup 

Hohdfa Joumryviefl Peru 

Horn C360) JLA Ol 747-3108 

LSA. 5 America. MU and Far 
■tM-.s Arnes Trayvrt*. 48 
Marooret Street, wi 01 seo 
2W6 iVtaa ArreMedi 

Overseas Travel 




“ ~ *j$l| 
Sg" 1 

2£ ! 

553W LS35* 


y.K T.v 

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A r acjt>«, 

S!»» ^ 


*Of i -■'•.■• 

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4 tar 


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Ik >1 

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'ow-cosl flights 
■ via more routes 
to more destinations 

toan any outer agencv 


™to* %.5*f hire pass 


. On-tne-$poj 

™ , 5j!lSf*top« Insurance. 


: - ,41 H25SS?2,?*" d 

■ , 1 omdii Ws OBJ 

«w-«03 Isis 


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>T » *:i '*•-> 

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* AgpaAm 


★★SAVEE's E'sE's** 

★★1ST CLASS** 

- ** AROUND THE** 


'■-* MClSQUtU * 

* BRIS6MC * 
4. MXUXX * 

* 5 AFRICA * 

*Wa_LINEiaH * 

* TWVQ * 
4. UANftA * 
4 BAHRAtU * 
4 unoei * 

44-sami AsrS 81 


;,,, ff«*d 1969) 

Souih Si. Epvom . SumH 

iwt:t) :7sm;25s30f:7iw/ 

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MALAGA KI/7 £39 ( 
M AUCAMTE 13/T £49 * 

GBtONA 11/7 £49 < 

PALMA 13/7 £69 f 

ATHENS 11/7 £99 | 

FARO 13/7 £99 \ 

NAPLES 13/7 £99 \ 

H WCE • IE/7 £99 * 
LISBON 14/7 £109 f 
TENERIFE 13/7 £119 0 

01 486 9356 

A7GL -£24 


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r-MSi Duten 
£«00 brand 
£330 Jaddlh 
£400 Kaocti 
£260 M/Sm 
E3G0 KuMU 
£345 N YmV 
£230 Seoul 
T415 5yd; uei 
£270 Tokyo 











- smo ffl TRA Wa ltd 
Tet RM3B 3521/ 


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Amens Eii9 c™» Eire 

Malaga £95 Pafcna ns 

Alarum £80 Maond £107 

PDfiupar £99 Rom* £119 

Vernce Rnmu £» 

Turn £129, Corhi HO? 

Awdea CiDfl AKama JWB 

*>ca £89 Cananes E1M 

Barowona. £B8 wanra . £J» 

AUan BB'AM 1119 
Botogna £129 Verona 019 

01-434 4320 
AagStjVta 1W 177# 



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Syflney - • £«55 E699 

Autiktand W15 £745 

Jo-Bum £306 £499 

^9 are 

TW Avfv £99 Eire 

NOW Yorfc £ira |K0 

Los Angatos£2l6 £405 
01-370 6237 

■ i ■ 

dscoonted fares 

sr "1 1 


BandtoV £220 DM 

Aire WMiT wri *■« 


Law b Cm* Boowms «ttanie 
amex VISA DfiERS 


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BOOK HOW for 2^ mas JfwSiiKi 

uior coinmi>i»- 10 Ml» rs 

- Gordon*. EC? 01 929 4261 
low cost nawtrs mow Euro 

nl AOS 43o2 0052 ABTA 
• ftl 00-1 ATOL 

^^>^1741 4606 

ATOL 432 


ntEETIW for aoi-oor wlllino » 
*ail S3 Ouu« Ca»m4ran lotw- 
MiUMOTiaiwjn AS soon 45 PoM 
Tol Of 38« 624* - 

c-mimec Turkey 12 berth crcweti 

WMlOtlSi. h *>■ 01 336 1005 
. Atol 2091 


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Prices' no... 

43 CnIWN-SSh 1 

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'bfMMre sen**! 



. baueawcs 

MENORCA Lilian, -aimn with 

pow*. ■iPdrrmmis. lutniiu*. aD 
n.1*^ ui-iil JuiN- sprriali, hnt, 

'■‘toon rroni Cl 25 Onnir mmi. 
Art- 01 309 TOIttA S 
D7TD71 Or £>623 677076 124 
HIV AUU 1772 


'WunFEprnMr Apr* Fll if rm 

MpASff'SSSSffi os * 4 - ATOL 

231 0203 30757? 



ATTRACTIVE Couinry rtcnrv in 
AutaigiK- Urw wlixM oar 
om 'Imn 6 27in July 30 

Auguu cieo uw. sen tuo 

trt* '06241 781411 




r 19,20,22 JULY-AUG 
Fi« wmdsuf. (enms. choose a 

etab. tuS terd, te am fr £328 

b. 4- houy utarty soon you be- 

sandy beaches or an stand 


CANCELLATION 15/7 fr El 49 
^ 22 0? J ULY/AUG AVAR. 
Pnw £239 1 «fc E299 2 wks 
Gmk if ds. deserted ts&im «nd 
>:es 3 fannies. Kids 50V Urnaad 

01- 441 0122 


Wtas 4 apts ctow to oionous 
beaches. Some FREE md places. 

FREE wndsufing in btt 
AvadaMiy ttraug/raa the summer. 

0403 59788 



hebsimissos & ouma 

otter beautdul 
many with 

Anglo Greek 
private vrflas. 

poob. Ir £199 met (Unto 
CANCELLATION 15th JUL fr £159 
Please ring tor ou small fnerdiy 

01-994 4462/5226 

m 1922 

KAWPATHOS. We stUl new a vail - 
Mniiiv ihroughoul Hinuner 
mbm to Haul AUarm. a 
Inrndlv B b hotel on IMS 
’ umpolli rtland. 109231771066. 
' Tlin&way Houdayv 


coimrs BEST- emov a quirt 
holiday m unspoiH Kamlnaki. 
Cnorgeouik swtmmtng: suoerb 
views, villas for 2-fc>- scheduled 
fttgMs iron i HAUhrow on 
Thursdays: Join Ihc few • 
Sunscape Holidays 01-948 
5747 ABTA. 

CORFU Sunday 1&20 l 27 July + 
every Sun In Aug. Beautiful vil- 
las. fully equipned nr Uie bench. 

- Ex Caiwirk. mug Pan World 
HMKMVS Ol 734 2562 
fliunis.vflia rentals etc. 2eus Hoi 
(days 02-434 2647. A (Of AtU. 
"KHODCS lux apart hots from 
C159PP Juy 12. «6. 19-23 . 

dents. SITWTM 0706 860814. 



A villa, a pool and a beautiful 
view Whal more could you 
want? Cnoof* from Tiacany. 
Sardinia or ttaveUo -Uieiovrti- 
er parts of Italy where Uw mass 
marvel operators don’t 90- Or 
comwne a villa honday with a 
slay in Venice. Florence or 
Rome. Free brochure from 
Magic of Italy. Oew T, 47 Shep- 
herds Bush Green- W12 BPS 
Tef: Ol 749 7449 124 lm 

TUSCAMY by Vhe mb- BeauUfUDy 
reviorrd Farmhouse Sleeps 9 
Carden Dally maid. Avail from 
Sept 6 Ol 705 3671 . 

FLORENCE Studio House sleeps 
2 3-QuleL central, in lame gar 
den Pool. Ol 703 3671 








AlQUfVE Luxury 4 uedromm 
villa with staff and pudl. Avail- 
able 18 July 7 August due lo 
ranrrllanon Details from Con- 
I mental Villas Ol 248 9181 


House on om top in Albuiejra. 
Sirens 6 Pool. «M«d- Avail* 
weeks Horn Sal. July 12th- 
rofOpH Tub and other super 
houses I rum The Aiaone AJier- 
native Trl 01 491 0802. 

ALOARfVE. Lux villas wuh ports 
Avail Jul OCL Ol 409 
3838. viilaWorld 

17 JULY - Faro seats ex HRW 
Cl 25 i2wksi PPH 'Ol I 499 


HumOLA. July Aug secluded 

villa wnh unvate pool few mins 
undv beam, sips 4J- fr 
C3S0PP inr fit aw k» *«r D*5 P«- 
■ day 1 bed art with Pool 6 ten- 
nis rtow to sandy beam, sips 2 
4 It C275O0 2wte IIV- nt or £35 
not das. You capt afford 10 waif 
SB. WH OtnorrjB. Pfaya 
Hoi Ida vs ATOL 2136 
lieds. S pool. odn. BBO 5 i* ■ 
^Tsanrti bcatnn M£WP« 

- Avail end Au9- 01 888 92«. 
MARBELLA- pool 'll** •« 55 
avail Jul' Aug. Brochure Uwn 
Palmer 4 Parker (Oil 493 

5W& . 
MARBELLA. Lux vtHas ««jnh 
pools A'4'l June lo QcL Ol 409 
2838 vuiaWorkf 





es SiRissr- 

OTA t6l& AT0L 1232 

>ki ugr«T bumper brochure oid 
MwSrted with ail me tmn- 
tnris. Su nday flights itoeal I he 
Jfi^r-r^d amaanoly 

slant ng * £M iWM ( ° n 
TP& 9099 for your copy 
J^l«256 A TOL1383. 


s dcvon. s H am 

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arnniFUl w<mded Gepf®4' 1 

■BSHt wW U5 

SSBks mS* 

»amuiig idfrt 
bar Nl Cardigan 
awn BEACH. Eb*«»M ir W T, S: 
J" iTo a bedrooms 
?mii A«u- CMOkw 028* 

Cambridge University Tripos results 

The following Tripos examina- 
tion results from Cambridge 
University are announced (‘de- 
notes distinction): 

Anglo-Saxon. Norse 
add Critic Tripos 

Cl*u i: Now. 

Ctkff t dWWm is v A cartob. Kinq 
Georvp V SFC. Southport and Nown: 
D J Fusswr. Columbia Lniy and Cla; 
S J Gwara. Naraiuon C. New York 
and Corp; A M Norton. Si Mary * 
Corn-. cSrobriow arel Ca l: ,T w 
Shakespeare. Radley C and P«nh: H 
D wiuianu. Asheombe S, Dorklnfl and 

(Uau 2 DhrtWwi 2i S Johnson. Blyth 
Jex S. Norwich and SM. 

CtH IKAC CorkDum Woodhouse 
SFC. London and Coro: A A Calanirr. 
Si HUdas and a Hughes. New York 
and carp: D heed, Nicholas 
Hawksmoor S. Borefunn wood and 
Giroln: K A J Rotoens. Cnrtietuiani C 
and Trim H M Roomson. Wamm 
SFC and Joh: CS Westwood. 

Hi. h>w aim Chur AN. Solomon. 
Camden S and Newn. n \ Thome*. 
Hurtderslietd Tech C aM Newn: hi p 
warren. K Edward Ml S. kings- Lynn 
and Qu. 

Class X None. 

Social and Political Sciences 
Tripos Part 2 
(Sixpaper candidates) 
Oats 1: n. AM*. Sydenham Clriy HS 
and Emma. K Y Jfk. •£“«»“? 



Brt| 2 dMatan Vi w Brtlero. Leyfon 
Somor HS for OrB and Fiuw: k a 
B rooke. Corte Hllte S. Wimoomo and 
Kinq‘«: p H Combe. Mariboraiwh and 
Mood: w A Guise. Blue S. WeiK and 
Trine T N S KnatchhiUL UnllM World 
C of Atlantic and Chrtsrs: A PLcach. 
Hwh siom S. Sheffield and Own R 
O Macaulay. Greshams S atfl Ou-KD 
Mufton. Si LecxwrOs S. SI l Andrews 


and Newn. 

Granted an allowance towards 
the Ordinary BA Degree: 

P R Llndset. KUigs and Joh: 
H E smith. S of Si Helen and Si 
Katharine. Abingdon and Cla. 

The HM Chadwick Prize is not 

Philosophy Tripos Part 1A 

Clan 1: R C Nolan. Nontngham HS 
and J#s: O W Runcfman. Eton and 
Trim a O Oliver. Bristol CS and Cla. 
Claes 2 dMaon li N J Barker. Enfield 
Chare Upper S and King’s: J L 
Bermudez. Si Paul's S ana Kind's: j j 
F Blood. Stock Don GS and CaUi: SJ 
Blond. Radyr comp S. Olam artd Tr 
H: s Finch. Wyggeston and Queen 
Elizabeth I C. Leicester and Jes: M J 

and Jon: R c UfUewood. Wellington C 
and Jon: J J H-H Needle. Stamford s 
and Trin: F M J Peek. Bradford Chris 
S and Trim ACF Roberts. Nottingham 
HS and Cla; C F Salter. Winchester C 
and C9a: M J Storr. Ramsey Abbey S 
ana Flaw. 

crass 2 dMston X J L Alfdcr. King 
Edward vi S. Bury SI Edmunds and 
Christ's: S C Aueyne. Leyton Sen HS 
for Girls and Fitzw: E Ashton. 
Wycombe Abbey and Mandcr 
Portman Woodward. London and cal: 
C L Eastbum. Mltrfield S and Tnn: B 
T S Gladsione. Eton and Trim p 
Savage. Chelmsford Co HS and Fitzw: 
A P Siauiaios. Lycce Franco- 
Hefenkiue d'Atnens and Davies’s 

don and Joh: C M winters, si 
MUCtiart’S Convex! 1 GS. London and 
King's: J G Woraley. Si ony hurst C 
and Pemb. 

Class tRMA Pickering. Weshnlnsler 
s and New H: p m v scott-Moncrteff. 
Sherborne tans S and Canon. t 

Declared to have deserved 

A M Robttng. Portsmouth GS and Pel 

Granted an allowance towards* 
the Ordinary BA Degree; 

N P RosefnHd. Wellington C and Cal. 

Philosophy Tripos Part 2 

Class t: D C Cassidy. Hansftam S and 
Tr H: R D Hopkins. Lancaster RGS 
and Com: L L Lesag. Unlv of 
Pennsylvania and Trin: W M Martin. 
Loyola Marymouni Unlv and Cla. 
Ctasa 2 dtuttlm is R v Bailie. 
Wimbledon C and Pemb: D V F 
Blakeley. Kings C 5L Wimbledon and 
Christ's: M M Bosworth-Smitn. Douai 
Martyrs RC Sec S. kkenham and 
Gtrton: T M Comford. Cambs C of 
Arts and Tech and enn: j a Doyle, si 
Thomas Moore RC Upper S- Beddford 
and da. S J Edoe. Kings S. Cbesfer- 
and caih: D El well. Unlv of Wales and 
Job: k C Evans. Cardinal Newman S. 
Hove and Filzw: E D Freeman. 
Haberdashers Aske> Beys S. Ettfree 
and ChriN’s: 4 A Frost. Ttunby S and 
Magd: M R Gaswaml. Hendon S and 
Cal: A J Halbert. Coleg Harlech. 
Gwynedd and Tnn: A J Halh St 
Mary's c. Fenham and King's: D H 
Leader. Si Paul's S and Down: r E 
Martin. Codes s. London and Emma: 
A J May rock. Bournemouth Girls S 
and Down: E M Mayo. Radley c and 
Down: S J Moffett, city of London S 
and da: M D Q Molteno. King Egflbert 
S. Sheffield and King's: N M North. 
AMngdon S and Joh: J N Olivier. 
Greshams S ana Chur: J P E Podger. 

Forest GS. winnersh and Orton; p W 
SI raker. Kuwswoocl S . Balfi and Jes- J 
m Withers. CUy ol London S and Rob. 
Class 2 division S JR F Owtierton 
Dickson. Wellington C Hnd Hes. M j 
Feige. Rice Unlv. HousUm.and.Oiur: J 
E Gardiner. Norwich Girts HS and 

Eimr C and New H: A M U OgnJi. 
Leyton Senior HS for Cirts andjes: J 
J Parker. Weaminsiw Chy,ca» and 
Tnn. T Rahman. Pun lab Umv and 
New H: C M Reynolds, eoleg Harlech. 
Gwynedd and Corp: D J StockJCy. 
south London Cege. and Oiur: j A 
Thomas. Felixstowe C and New H: 
Class * M J Brtson. aerkhamswo and 
Edward PC Green. Oxford and Seiw: 
G B Dexter. Tonoridges and Trin: A 
K Hayes. Chrttenham GS and Cat: S H 
P Smith, wiuiutgton Girts s. Manches- 
ter and Tnn: 

Granted and allowance toward* the 
Ordinary BA Degree: M Bliioo. 
Westminster Tutors Ltd and THn. 

Social and PWiticri 
Sciences Tripos Parr 2 
(four-paper candidates) 

Ctasx URL Crowlher. Beaconsfteid 
HS and Cla. 

Class 2 dbrtstaa Is D M Anderson, 
caiendish S. Hemet Hempstead and 
Corp: J M Benntson. Herts and Essex 
HS and Davie's C. London and Corn: 
A L Bnggs. Thomas Peacock Lpper s. 
Rve and Our T M Conning. SI 
Angela's S. Stevenage and New H; C J 
Cooke. Halteybury C and Corp. S A 
Feather. Bradford Girls S and Ginon: 
C Y Hams. Tiffin Olris S and Cla; C J 
Holmes. Safestan S. Chertsey and Cla; 
S M Long. Dldcor Girts S and Sirs: A £ 
D Petlerson. Royal Belfast Acad Inst 
arm Jes: R J Porter. ChcsierfleM S and 
Ginon: R Pyc. Leeds GS and Cla: K P 
Rene. Simon Girls HS and Emma: a E 
RetHS. Tonbridge S and Cla: □ N 
Sewell. Haberdashers Aske's Boys S. 
EBlree and Pel: C Y M Shin. Lancing 
C and drum: M W Thomas. 
Charterhouse and King's: S A Thomp- 
son. Tavtslock S and Orion: S C 
vvwan. Downside S and Trin. 

OBS4 7 d frttion 2: P R Bum. Peter 
Symonds C and Magd: E P 
Gooderham. Sir John Netlhorpe and 
BTlgg SFC ana Cla: SAC Harris. 
Portsmouth HS and Trin: a H 
Hughes. Isleworih and Syon S and 
Cta. V A Ironside. Haberdashers 
Aske's Girts s. Elstree and New H: i C 
J Spencer. Sherborne S and Down: M 
P R wallers. Feues C and Trin: S 
Webb. Latymer S and Sid. 

Oats * None 

Education Tripos 
(x) indicates candidates for the 
BA Degree; the remainder are 
for the BEd Degree. 

All candidates are from 
Ho merlon Cege unless other- 
wise indicated. 

Ctus 1: S E Dronsfleld. Woodbrtdpe 
HS. Essex: D E Pacey. St Catherine's 
S. Middlesex: T M Poweil-Davtea ixi. 
Si Andrews RC Comp s. Lealhernead 
and King's: K J T eager. Woodford Co 

Cteaa 2 dMUoo i:SG Barker. Queen 
Mary C. Unlv of London: S J 
Btakeman. Kina Edward vi s for 
Girls. W Midlands: S E Carpenter. OM 
Palace S. Croydon: B C Clegg. 
Crosslev and Porter GS. Halifax: I P 
M Coe ixl Reading Umv and Wolfs: J 
S Dixon. Wood Green HS. 

•ire- S Hemoll. Lunetner Si M 
Beacheli. Myers Grove S. snetnetd: 
s^Mli G Beil. Dumam Jonnsion Sec 
S. ST Birdwood. Cheltenham Ladies 
CAR Bishop. Maidstone Girls S;EJ 
Blarney. Si Albans C of FE: F J Biyih. 
Si George s Girls S. Edinburgh; H J 
Bowden. Bacup and Rawtensiali GS: 
P m Brame. Nortngaie HS. Ipswich. H 
M Bulcner. Chelmslord Co HS: C L 
Carter. Creenneaa C. Hudderslteid: v 
4 enubb. Wessex Tutors: G A dark. 
Wimbledon C A J cuvioij, u*ed» 
Girls HS. R E Colenun. North fieri GS. 
Gravromd: M D Cooper. _Lymm 
Ougninngion HS: S A Cottrell. 
Clarendon s. Bedford: E A Crabtree. 
Croydon Cins HS: J E Cranole. King 
Econen Comp S. Sheffield: 6 D Crisp, 
Heilrodon HS. Norwich: C A Doggen. 
Ha.’rtwitk Gomn. Crawley: L M 
Dyson. Truro Hk C C EM boil Davies 
Tutors Loudon. J A FieMsend. Spal- 
ding HS S P Fmhfleld. Bedgbury S, 
Cranbortte: □ A Garrick. Lereio C. 9 
Aioans: A M George. South London C: 
H l H Goble. Mandef Portman 
Woodward. London: c m Gregory, 
iikesion S. n m Groves. Richard 
Hulsh SFC: C L Hallworth. 
Ajtnngfiam Gfrls GS: □ r Harney, 
Solesian Ccl Harvey. NotUngham 
Girls HS: J M Htlion. Loughborough 
GS. ICC Holland. VeovU C R C 
Jacks. Wcmdraffe S. Lyme Rems: H S 
Jones. Bel grave comp s. Tamworth; J 
M J Kelly. Sacred Kean S. London: W 
E R Lawranre. Reading Lniv. EC 
Lawson. North London Cegiaie $: G-L 
Lee. Hwa Chong Junior G smwporc: 
A C LellkiU. Lancing C: J C Lloyd- 
Jones. Shetborne dlls S: A R Mann. 
HasUngdean HS. Rossendalr; L C 
Marchant. Havant C; A C Miller ixk 
Nouingh Hill and Eanng HS and 
FiLrw: c E Nelson. Queens S. Chester: 
L c Newbury. Purbeck S; C P 
Newtand. OM Palace S. Croydon: M 
M O'Hagan. Si Mawaret’s C,rH S. 
Aberdeen: j C Poore. Hlghfield S. 
Letch worm: C M Purvro. 
Queemwood. Hatlleid: R B Purvw. 
Prudhoe Co HS: J Reed. Rye St 
Antony S. Oxford: N K Reynolds. 
Bemlpy S. Caine: F_M Robert 

Emma: P T Arnold, puiwim c ami 
Ron; T L Ashdown. Pates Girls GS. 
cneitMiikim and Cla. J a Austin. 
CitAKimr HS. Beirasi and Tnn. A J 
Bwinam Gumiaxion C and Jon: A C 
Bell. Leeds GS and Rob: J P Bodgef. 
Trimb' ST Croi-don and Roto. M J 
Bradbury. Cnanerhoiise and Trin. P 
E Bream. King Edward's s Bir 
mtnaluni and Ginon. B Bushy. Tiffin 
BOW S and Cam: M Callaway. 
Newcastle upon Tvne RGS and Jes. j 
H Cambridge. Wycombe ns. High 
wyeombe and Jes. T M CamnguMi. 
Avlcstoury CS and Onoft C B H 
Chan. Pnncethornc C. Rugby and 
Ginon: k L cnan. Queens c Hono 
Kong and Magd; R C Omer. St 
Cw»\S. Harpenden ana c am. C L 
□avies. SiockPortCS and JOh. J P de 
Kock. European S- AO 
L _ 


1 J walker. Solihull SFC and Maud; A 
l \v hue. Borden CS. SiUingoourne 
and King's: T J Whiimore. Letthion 
Park i>. Reading and Joh: R T J 
UHkes Downside S and Tr H. T J 
win i uk. Porktmaion S and Qu: S L 
wilvdii. GocWdft'ft and LaU'mer S and 
New n. K J R Wong. Rugby S and Pei: 
NIL Wood. Loughborough GS and 
Cat: s> R Wyaii. weymouih GS and 

Corn. A J Young. John Pori S. Derby 
and Fitrtw 1 □ Vc 
L oner s. Bury 

CKu 2 dmskm a O 

G Dlanwnd. 

. - AOlngaon and Cai: 
Wantage SFC and 
Dtghero. Haberdashers 

Aske's Boys S. ERtrw and Qu: R H T 
Dixon. Shrewsbury S and Chur J M 
S Dear. Queen Eteasseih GS. Wake, 
Held and Joh: T J DOtaarl. King’s S. 
MarclesiieKI and _ Christ's: 5 s 

1 Heart S. Tunbridge wens; E J and Pec r» 
ter. Bulkejcy S. Cheshire: K E Cambridge 
t. Prices cTFareham: N Staines. - Raffles Jur 



son. Leeds Girls HS: B M Rogers. Old 
Palace S. Croydon: K M Seechis. 

Sacred Heart S. Tunbrkln " 

Silvester. - * - 

Sprunt. P-— 

Leign C: s J Taylor. Maiet Lambert 
Sen HS. Hull: C J Thorpe. Abbardale 
Grange s. Sheffield: j c Townsend. 

Queens 5. Chester: A Varley. Dame 
Allan's Girls S. Newcastle upon Tyne: 

K L Vickers. Tunnridoe Wells Girls 
CS: K J Wilder. Dr Challoners HS: J A 
St J Wfihers. Brighton G SJ Woods. 

Orwell HS. Fcllxtowe. 

Ctau 3: Siephen G Bell. Durtiam 
Johnston Sec S: J M Bridle. Bishops 
Halfleld Girls S. T E CaUon. Birken- 
head HS: A B Coen. SI Columbas C. SI 
Albans: EMC ElhCOtf. City S. 

Lincoln: M V Graham -Maw. King's S. 

Canterbury: K A L HUIon. Queen 
Mary S. Lvmam: S H Jones. Norwich 
City S. C R King. Barking C of Tech: D 
E Rawimg, weniwanh Milton Mount. 

Bournemouth: J L Richardson. Brom- 
ley HS: N L Rumble. Omb'. C of Arts 
and Tech: C E Tasker. Lowlands SFC. 

Harrow: R R Tonello. Holy Trimly 
Convent S. Bromley: A E M Walker. 

Brocken hurst SFC: E L Walker. 

Talbot Heath S. Bournemouth. . 

Engineering Tripos Part 1A 

Ctm 1: R A Alfonsl. King’s S. Chester 
and Tr H. W C Au. St Paul s Coe^d C 

« Kong and Trin: P G Bennrtl- 

naton C and Tr H; D a Bens. ~ „ n 

Enfielrf GS and Qu: R C Blackburn. i oi 

Slockpon GS aim Emma: l M Bow*. 

□avenani Foundation S- Loughion 
and Chun I □ BraiLhwaite. Goffs S. 

Cheshunl and Calh: J M Bridson. 

Barnsley SFC and SM: W K Chan. 

L niied world C of Atlantic and Qu: J 
M dementson. Hills Rd SFC. Cam- 
bridge and Qu: T M Coker. RMA 
Sandhurst and Jes: N J coroinoiey. 

CranMgh Sch and Jes: . C H O 
Dawson. Dulwich C and Down: S C 
Deane. Peter Svmonds C and Chur: R 
M De&enham. Wells Cathedral S and 
Pel. A I Dow. Sullhan Upper S. Down 
and Cla: J H H Drummond. Cion and 
Joh. M J Gray. Guildford RGS and 
CaUi: D P Griffin. ~ ' 

fiitw: J P Edwards. High Wycombe 
RGS and Qu: j A Fairbursi. Edllngton 
Comp 5: Doncaster and Chur: B 

FamngiQn. Hits Rd SFC. Cambridge 
and Girt on: M J F Gales. William 
Parker S. Hostings and Tr H: S J 
Godsili. Westcllft HS tor Boys and 
Selw. P n Grove. Alton SFC and 
cnrisl's: J F Harmer. Toturn C. 
Southampion and S*d: D c Heale. 
Bolton S Bovs Division and Selw: J K 
Hearsl. Bangor OS'Dmn and Chur? 
M S Hempson 
and Fitzw: P I. 

Grovoon and Qii- . 

Co-ed C. Hong Kong and Down: N M 
Ho. Sekolah Menengah Ibrahim. 
Malaysia and Magd; J MV Hong, si 
Dunstans c and Emma: □ a Humble. 
LuiUTwonn GS and Trin: j Hunt. 
Peter Svmonds C and Sid: i Hunts- 
man. Framwelle&l* Moor Comp S. 
Durham and Kmg's: M A Ingham. 
Bradford Boys GS and Emma: K R 
Kanlhan. International S « London 
and Magd: d m Katz. Noitingham HS 
and pSTp N Krrridoe. Nefiterhall S. 

ana ro. 
HS and 
li fe and 

id Chur 

i. Kino James C. Henley 
M Hlichtags. Whllgid S. 
Ou: H M R Ho. 51 Oaurs 

C T P Kho. 

junior C. SiTOsmora and Joh: 

H M Kwong. La Salle C. Hong Kong 
and Magd: A F J La Trobe Bofeman. 
wmchesier c and Joh: P K H Lam. 
DauMsrt*s S and Qu: S R Lance. 
Havant SFC and New H : A J Layton. 
Sou bull S and Chmfs: EYTLeuno. 

Taunton S and Chur: M_C_ Liddell. 

Murray. Reading S and Chun c M 
KewboKL Shrewsbury S and Trin. T 
P O'Donnell. LaiKrjsferRCS and 
Pemb: □ B O'Sullivan. St MaJachy* C. 
Belfast and cnrisl's: R A Parkinson. 
Edgbaston Girts HS and Down: J S 
PeaiiiekL King Edward VII S. Shef- 
field and Cal. J L PrtUL Chelmsford 
Co HS and corp: R D Phillips. Hymers 
C Hull and Christ's: B S Rao. Bedford 
Mod S and Down; C Rellfe. Rugby S 
and Job: D A tnevard. Cowbrtdge 
Comp S. Clam and On: S D Robinson. 
Abbolshoime S. Ultoxeter and Trin: S 
K Saluia. Hymers C. Hull and Pemb: I 
w Scaysbrook. Chigweil S and Cal: N 
R Scones. Reigatr GS and Tr H:D G 
Simon. St Paul's S and Jes: RAM 
Sinclair. Strathailan S and Emma: I W 
R Single! on. WycUffe C and Jon: M J 
Somerville Roberts. Amoieforth C and 
King's: M D Spencer. Wolverhampton 
CS and Pemb: I Starting. Manchester 

‘ " lig. Sealord HS 

. Beauchamp C. 

Leicester and Christ's: A M SuggetL 
Queen Elizabeth SFC. Darlington and 
Klnq's: V K Sundaram. Cheadie 
Huime S and Pemb: MAS Sweet. 
Dyce Acad. Aberdeen and Pemb: P A 
Tjv 10 r. Lancaster RGS and Pet: J 
Temple. Spalding GS and S4d: T C 
Thurnhem. Shrewsbury S and Pemb: 
P L Ulmann. Hasmonean HS and Cal; 

and Fitrw □' Vounomanr Thurston 
St Edmunds and J«. 

2 division 2: O Abbosh. 
Woodhouse SFC. London and Down: 
H J Adshead. ManChwter CS and 
Pemb: H j Amos. Merchant Tavlors 
Soi s S. Crosby and Down: P 0 
Bailev. Gloucester C of Art and Tech 
and Down: S D Barker. Tonbridge 
Sand Jes- C A Bartholomew. Trinity 
Comp S. Noillngnam and Down: CE 
R Bari ram. Haberdashers Ask-e's am 
S. Efctreo and Cai: J A Baxter. Tiffin 
Bovs S and Emma: 'A D Benton. 
Joseph Rowntree S- York and Emma: 
A J Best. Guildford HS and Newn: J 
Blakrman. Northampton HS and Pei; 
N Bradshaw, Knutscoro CD H ' 

Rob: R O Brew Is. Glenafmond 
Trin: S I Brad. Abingdon Sand _ _ 
s H Broxhom. Hymers C Hull and 
ROD: N v Challenger. Abingdon S and 
Cla: C F Chan. Loughborough GS and 
corp: V Y P Chan. Sevenoaks s and 
Rob; W M Chan, si Joseph's G 

S ivlrh and Filzw: G Clark. Dover 
Is GS and Sid. M P Counseil, 
Huime Boys GS. Oldham and Qu: J G 
Da Silva. Stowe S and J C de 
PnytT. Eastbourne C and_Trtn: A L O 
do Trafford. Com ml o I the Sacred 
Heart, wotdingtiom and New H: R D 
tales. Kinross HS and Tnn: ASA 
Evans. Bewdley HS- Worn and Jes: 
M J Flinion. Winchester c and Trin: D 
K Franklin. Parmiters S. Waiford and 
Orion. A J Good body. Birkenhead 5 
and Job: D j^Goodinip. Randagh S 
and Pei: L R Grundy. Manchester GS 
and Down: P N F Hand. Tiffin Boys S 
and cta: DJA Harm. Manchester CS 
and Trin: J R Harrison. Truro S and 
Chur: T D Holmes. City or London S 
and Joh: R P HrtL Shrewsbury S and 
ChrWtS: C N Howard. Campbell C. 

Belfast a ‘ ~ 

Boys S. 

Hunter, i 

J S Hunt. Haberdashers Aske’s Clrts 
S. Elstree and JOtu C M James, ary 
of London S and Jes: D S Jordan. 
King Edward M S. Chelmsford and 
Rob: M T Kearney. King Edward Vi 
S. Chelmsford and Down: □ M 
Kiiicrass. Queen Elizabeth GS. Wake- 
field and Prf: K a hnu non. caierhom 
S and Cai: B S K k’O. Monkton Combe 
S and Trin: A N Korczvnsw. 
Newcastle upon Tyne RGS and Pet: a 
J Langes. Bury Bovs GS and Cat: N 
Laurm-r. Oakham S and Fiuw: K V R 
Law. si JOseohl - ~ 

JOh: J E Lewis. 1 _ 

Trin: S M Lewis. Woof ton upper S. 
Bedford and Christ's: W C K Liu. 
Charterhouse and Rob: S J Love ridge. 
Rad lev- C. and Trin: R D Lowe. 
Manchester GS and Qu: Ft P 
LowentnaL High Wycombe RGS and 
Joh: P J MocKereth. GodoimlngC and 
Chur: S I Mansfield, wunam Parker 
S. Hosifngs and Flaw; R J Manlon. 
Bj.iiH.1dii S and Conuimnlb C. 
li m of n and Chur: A P L May. 
Charier house and Tnn; S A 
McEorhran. Ctenalmond c and Pemb: 
C A McHugh. Bedford Mod S and 
King's. J R McMuian. Warwick 

P K M Romm. St Edwards t*. Qxlord 
and Pemb; M D Rees. Oundie b and 
Emma. A G Riim. Merchant Tavlors 
•j. Nortnwood and Pet; J T Hose, 
knulvinrd Co HS ana Emma: C 
saw ides. Limassol GS- Cyprus and 
Roto: N D Scarrow. Horndcan S and 
Rob- M Suiurr. Orange Hill Sen.HS 
and Pit/w. A W St Otole. Si Austell SFC 
and Trin: M B Sellers. Rtr hard Hulsh 
C. Taunton and Cnrlst's N J Sex. 
CM iMs Hosptlol S. Horsham and 

_ _ p J Spnn 

Combe S and Tr H: S P Stevens. St 
Polpr v S. York and GlrtOfl: C O 
Stcwaii. Marlborough c and Tr H. m 
J Tamoy. king Edwards Five Ways S 
and Chorr N J TtW- Winchester C 
and Emma: A Toumazls. Ftnh 
Gymnasium. Limassol. Cyprus and 
Pemb: PJC Townsend. Douai $, and 
, viand: J M Tremclion. Bradiieid C and 
Cam. AVtckerfWf. Btshop 
GS and Chur; A J Warr. Birkenhead S 
and Tr H; M J Williams. Britannia 
Royal N'aval C.- Dartmouth and SO: A 
J wood. Eton C and Corp: K C Yoon. 
Raffles Junior c Singapore and Cam 

Ctm a: M A Biain. Queen Eiizanem s. 
Barnet and Kino's; C H Bren. James 
Allens Gms S. London and Can D V 
Bndrtond. Lancing C and CU: CMS 
Bull, Edinburgh Acad and QirtSV s. T 
w H Chance. Eton c and Christ s, r 
C rtenso. New on Co Comp S and 
Newn. M A J Colyer. si 
Barth ofomew's S Newbury and Selw; 
M E Cummins. Si Marys Gnueni. 
Shaftesbury and Newn: P F Danes. 
LpWngham Sand Jes: R C C Oeatker. 
whiigfn s. Croydon and Tr H: c E 
Dumbrrtl. Prior Pursqlove_C and 
Chur. P J Forbes. Monkton Combe S 
and Pet: C E French. Ha I ley miry c 
and cnnsl's: J Harley. Ash mole S. 
London and Selw: j D Harry. 
Chichester HS and Cai: A R Head. 
Kingsmeod Comp S. _Enfietd and 
Christ's: R E Hiorns. Chefienham C 
and Cath'. D A Johnston. Jonnsion Sec 
S. Durham and Rob; J M JowefL King 
Edwards Olris HS. Birmingham and 
Pemb: D S Kemdge. Uplands Comm 
C. Wadhuru and King's: E Lam. 
Fitemaunce House. _ Dev Izes and 
Loughborough Tech C and Pot s J 
Lewfc. St Dunsian's C and Pemb; M J 

Hong Kong and 
Paul's Girls S and 



... S and 

Morgan. Coires S. 
.Trin: R P Moritng. 

N'ewporr Free <55 and Cla: T H Pan*. 
SI Giles C. Eastbourne and Trin: H C 
Parker. Wycombe Abnbey S and Trim 
S D Parsons. Dulwich C and C&IH: J 
M Peace. Famborough SFC and 
Fitzw; R H Pearlman. 

Lpper S. Cockfosters . . 

Perk. Westminster S and i ... 

pilgrim. Miiifietd s ono Jotu N c 
Pocock. Bedales S and Girt on: M L 
Poole. Hot dyes S. Dorchester and 
Tnn: P J Quince. Buxton C and Rob: 

iuun orv. ana 

nan. Southgate 
and Chur; J C 
ind Calh: N J i K 

oiid Chur: D J Nrwtod.'^ng Edward 
v l S. Southampton and Gtrton. S K 
NivHon. Boruor GS. Down and 
Christ's: A R Palmer. High Wycombe 
RGS and CM: R M Parker, shrews 
bury S and Jes: C C Park man. Rugby 
S and Selw; JB M Pearce. Tonbridge 
S and IT H: N D Portwood. Coomne 
Dean S. Plymouth and Qu: G_M 
Robrm. Klngswood S. Bath and cat: 
ivf C Robertson. Queen Elizabeth HS. 
Hexham and Rob: R M E Sws&oon. 
Chris! 's C. Finchley and Tr H: R J 
Sharkmd. Winchester C and Jes: N L 
Shaw. Pimlico S and Trin: E J Shaw 
Smith. Bradford GS and Cai: M J 
Siorey. Harrow S and Tnn: C j 
Thiel fan. si Swithuns S- Whichesier 
and Newn. S j Trotman. Presbyterian 
Ladies C. Melbourne and Chur: M R 
Wakeford. Oundle S and Magd: Y 
Wang. 8t Johns C. Portsmouth and 
Orton: F S Williamson. Talbot Heaih 
s. Bourneiimufii and New H: J R 
Winter. Perse s. Cambridge, and Cal: 
P J Wooden. Victoria HS. Uverston 
and Cla 

Granted an allowance towards 
the Ordinary B A Degree: 

D J Armstrong, Stockport CSSaiW Cal: 
D J Bewick. Monkton Combe S and 
Sid; J G Dowie. Marliiw s. Strotrf and 
Caih: G R Everest. Rugby S and Selw: 

K Higgins. Si Mary's HS. Liverpool 
and Selw: K B Ho. MUlfteM S and 
G irion. J P J logins- Westminster 5 and 
Calh: T R Jones. Newcastle under 
Lyme S and SM. 

Melton and New H: 1 M Woodman. 
Manchester Umv and Trin. 

Out 2 dMston S J D Acheron. 
Campbell C. Belfast, and Pemb: c E 
covtu. Mount s. vork and New H: J S 
Dalton. Belfast Royal Acad and Sid: A 
C Hammond. Nottingham HS and Cla: 
M J Harris. Hasmonean Boys GS. 
London and Chur: M A Heiey. 
Bamaoie S. Basildon and cinon: D s 
Levin. Haberdashers Aske's Boys s. 
Elstree and King's: S _L Pearce. UC& 
London and Cla; 

A P Saul. Medina 

A Farrani. Haywards Heath SFC: S C 
French. Boundslone S. Lancing: S A 
Gant. Sudbury Upper S: A E M 
CUmartln. All Hallows S. Lyme Regis: 
T J Goodway. NorUigate HS. Ipswich: 
S E Gordon. Henrietta Barnet S;AE 
Henneli. Northgaie HS. Ipswich: R 
Inijnam. Newport Free GS: C M-A 
Jory. Westminster Sam Kraushar. 
Sutton HS: T M Mark ay. Nicholas 
Hawksmoor S. Boreham Wood: H M 
NKholls. GUberd S. Colchester: K A 
Tlrkner. HeathfleM S. Harrow: S L 
Titiey. Worthing SFC: J Wilkinson. 
Nethc rival l £ Cambridge. 

Class 2 dtvritoa tFJ Abery. Clarion 
Co HS: J A B Anderson. Scarborough 

Calday Grange Co 

GS. West Kirby and Chur: A J 
Hamson. Newcastle under Lyme S 
and Selw; w I Heisby. widnes SFC 
and SM: P E Hunter. Heathland S. 
Hounslow and Kings R A Hyde. 
Magoalen C S. Oxford and Girton: T 
H Jenkins. Solihull S and Qu: A 
Johnson. Winchester C and TrH: T P 
King. Colchester RGS and Fitzw: R M 
Lancaster. Cheltenham CS and Pemb: 
D A Legg. Newcastle upon Tyne RGS 
and Fiitw: A J Lloyd. King Edward 
Camp Hill Boys S and Caih. G M 
Macs ween. Glasgow Acad and 
Emma: J S Mason. Tonbridge S and 
Emma: J D McKinley. Regent House 
GS. Newtonwards and Cta: K J 
Mercer. Nelson and Cok-n GS and 
Joh: C F Miles. Nether hall S. 
Cambridge and Emma: P M Owen. 
Winchester C and Qu; A R Perry. 
Ktrkham GS and Chur: M T Phllbin. 
Merchant Taylors Boys S. Crosby and 
Trin: S Read. Hal Mum S and Down: I 
P Ryail. De Burgh Bilateral Co Sec. 
Tad worth: M A L Smallwood. Douai 
s and Cam: J G Sommerville. Hltchin 
Boys S and Trin. R N Surtees. 
Colchester RGS and Down: R W 
Thomson, Marlborough C and Emma: 
M H Thornton. Newcastle upon Tyne 
RGS and Sid: R C Wilson. Hymers C. 
HU and Cat - w J wray. Catungham 
HS. Humberside and Chur: M C R 
Wright. King Edward VI S. Louth and 

ctus 2 dfriahM 1: H Aitun. city of 
London S and Joh: A Andneades. A 
Kykko Gymnasium. Nicosia and 

Oxford University class lists 

upper 5. Mansneia: k NcwQuay: B J Mills. Meet. Wimbledon 
lb. Gordonstoun S: D HS. O E Moon. New, Mount St Mary. 
Porfficawi Gomp S; Exeier: B R Ntchoils. LMH. Port. 

Natural Science: Kochemistry 

D Indicates Distinction: A suppk- 
meniary subiecL Anthropmogy: H 
supplementary suWecL History and 
Philosophy of science: P supple- 
men lary subteef. Chemical Pharma- 

Ctau t m Baron. St Cam. Babtake & 
Coventry: A J Coales. BNC. Dr 
cnauoner's HS: M P Coleman. St P. 
Sherwood Hall. Upper S. Mansfield: 

L Gearing. St Cain. Gordonstoun S: 

I Jones. CCC. Porthcawi Comp 
Nicola J Lovell. SI Hugh. Banbury „ 
P A C R Martin. Ch Ch. Therifeld 
Leather head: P N A Pughe. Ch Ch. 
Liverpool Blue Goat & RJ White. Qu. 
John Lyon S. Harrow. 

Clan n (DtvMon »: W J Anderson. 

S j. Birkenhead S: C A G Bllsiand. Ex. 

Arnold S. Oxford: Mary Board. 
Ball. ReUord Co HS: M Benin, wodh. 
Langley Park S. Beckenham: V R 
Chapiing. Wadh. CavemHsh: A C 
Chapman. Bali. Ludlow CKJ ColUns. 
Qu. Radyr Comp. Cardiff: A R Currie. 
Men. veruiam S. SI Albans: J M 
Corton. Ex. M Arnold S: C J Cronin. 
St CaUt. P William s. Oundle: P R M 
Gibson. St Hlld. Ch (Chester Girls HS: 
PD Rosamond G Gilbert. New. 
Droilwich HS: A S Giles. Si Calh. P 
Symonds SFC: M V Graham. S! Anne. 
Salesian C. Famborough: p E J 
Cntf uhs. Ch Ch. Perth Co Comp; M A 

Girls S: D Harrison. CCC. 
EMgm: M S Hart. Magd. 
r S: S C Heywood. Ou. 

M HalL SI Ed H. Beverley Girls H&S 
J Hargreaves. Men. Q Elizabeth's GS. 
Blackburn; B A Harris. Si Hugh, 
wiihlngton Girls S: □ 

Rosebery S. l 


Boo thorn S. York: A R Hone. Pemb. 
Herschel HS. Slough: a P Hop ley. 
L nh . Rosebery Girls S. Epsom: R D J 
Huby. wadh. Adam's GS: A J 
Leonard. Hertr. Worcester RGS: A J J 
Martinson. LMH. Trelherras S. 
Newquay: B J Mills. Men. Wimbledon 

Kemeny. Trin. Carmel C:CJ Levy. 
Wadh. Parrs Wood HS: L M- May. 

mouth' HS: WW' Owen. St Ht«h. 
Lrmston GS: P K E Parker. New. 
Churchflelds HS. W Bromwich: S M 
Parker. Trin. S Hampstead HS: D W 
Parsons. KeMe, Devon port Boys HS: P 
c A Rainbow. Som. Holy Trinity 
Convent. Bromley: A Rogers. Ketole. 
Weald S. BUiingsrumt; S-J Rowland. 
St Hugh. Gainsborough HS: D P 
Smith. Unlv. Mai bronk S: J Smith. 
Magd. Aitwood Comp: Corinne M 
Spk-ken. Pemb. Eilersile. Malvern: H 
R Stevens. LMH. Dunblane H&CJ 
weathered. Hertf. Alierion HS. Leeds: 
S-P Williams. Or. Alton SFC: A J 
Windsor. Si P. Bristol Cathedral S. 

Ctus U (Division »: C Cook. Hertf. 
Mosslands S: w G A Davis. Jesus. 
Hills Road SFC. Cambridge: S C 
Donowno. Magd. RGS. Worcester: P 
D Goode. SI Hlld. Whitley Abbey 
Comp. Coventry: P J L Hatton. $ 

Hertf. Godaiming C. 

Mathematics and 

Clan t G l c Henson. MerL ' 

Gyfn Rhydfeten. Pontypridd: I P 
Rumitn- Ban. Victoria C. Jersey. 
Ctus tr rpMn l)s D Cohen. Ban. 
Enfield GS: M A Fa ween. St P. 
Col si on's s. Bristol: M W Lomax. 
Pemb. Stockport GS: J M SeUgman. 
wadh. Brighton C. 

OMta II (pMstan 2)‘- T S Wolff. New. 
Bedales S. 

Ctau III: H Macpheraon. LMH. Leigh- 
ton Park Reading. 

Metallurgy, Economics and 


No Class L 

Ctus II (DtvMoa 1): D R Dav ies. Trin. 
RGS. h Wycombe: S J Stokes. St 
Anne. Ktrkham os. 

Class f( (DtodsfonZ): A 0*Donoghue. St 
Anne. Loreto C. Manchester. 

Ctau Uk N Stokoe. SI Anne. Guildford 
Co & 

Strathclyde University has 
awarded the following degrees: 
Facuffy of Enekmrinc 
BSc and BEas 
First: class S A Allison: SC Kent: D S 
MurragrA B Pearson: C A Robson: N 

Robertson: P.Sealon: A G Sutherland: 
P Ventlsei: A H Williamson. 

Seeond dm (towsr dhf): m Boyle: o 
Glover: G W McLean. 

TMrd stasis K A McCrae: D McKay: S 

BSc fTilwliiiikisi rnrinewkirt 
First date M D B OThman: C Loon: C 
Y Hua: F W Boon: G K Hene: H S 
Oioong: J K C Hwte L ^ S 

_J*n. P.^ 

Knaon; L K Wah: L E . 
Midrnead: OK How: DT C Bena 
Chye: T E Chuan: T Y SoohiT’TFoo: 
W T Neng: Y K Seng: Y K Wah. 


Second mass topper M: A K Yon* C 
L Woh: C Y Chora: M C C HuOL C K 
Wah: E A hSi: E E P voong. E K 
HOfK; F W Meng: H N Ylng: A Hood: 
H K Sin: H KTltye: N M Hussain: K B 
Leong: K Krishnasamy: l K Wd*L C 

Yeng: L w Sing: l d Ctiee: l w Thye: 
L M Song: 1 4 Martin: A Moller: N H 
Tlrtc O Y Hock: Q J HjU:J.SW Me D g: 
T C Kerng: T H Sen S Nl Theodore: 
D C Thomson: W S Jlun: Y C Ming: Y 
Y P«»g: V C Sing- 
Second ciau nwurdhO: J P MUwn: R 
D G Burns: C C On: C Wal-M: M C 
Donald: F M Fenn: W Frame: G D 
Gooid: W G Harden: H C : Seng: D A 
Johnstone: L G Karvri: K KSentr; L S 
Yan: L K^Pem; L S Yang: M 
McGtasson: E McLaijN MunraP N 
w Puoy: O Nilsrud: P W J OTtelUy : O 
C Pah: J OPurv to: S Queen: Tf J 
gu^ley: E Stemsrud: M Swamy: W A 

Third cCub S p Altken: K B Ab duUah. 
P Boyd: jBraathen: J Brand: C C 
won: B Duncan: F Grant; J A 
Haulnss: K Ibrahim: R Kind HI: W 
Lukam: F McCracken: A A MacCDp: S 
J McKay: E M Ibrahim: J A Morrison: 
N J Muir: K P Nral: M S Osman B 
Robln&on: C Smith: J Younger: M 

BSd B A Ghani: M A_C All: T B 
DonaMson: R I Edqan R P Escoth S 
Forsund: A K Ibrahim: B M Kelly: j M 
Kerr: A Klllmgstad: G A MacK curie: A 
G McKeown: r a MacMillan: A C F 
Metkle: D F Mekfrum: K M Millar: M 
S M Ismail: G A Sefckweien B Stone: 
D Wan. 

Production Englne ertnt 
FJrxt date S W Uah. 

Second class 

L Keow; L f 

R Malcolm: 


Second ctau (tower [fivv v i Jones: D 
_ McLaughlin: M Madeotf: G A 
axes-. J W Shedden:. 

BSc: A J B Holdstock: F A KizUtas: D 
P Lynch. 

ICTmuIiiil EmriMrinK 
Ffrtt disc R A ICriJy: C McCombe: H 
Miller: A M Pearson: j Rottsvilu S J 

Ross: L Smith: D Tosh. , 

Second dan (tower AM: S Burns: R 
Livingston: R A Neil: N A Thomson; 
M P Wasko: G J Woodrow. 

Hans A M Murray. 


Fim daw L A Berry. 

Second clan (war dhri: A Brawiey: A 
Davies: C P Dunn: J J Graham: J 
Hamilton. D B Murray: J N Ogflvy; M 
R Young. 

Second dan (tower tUv): M -Morion 

hihibp m and! Cfoivnliv 

Sound dan (upper die): H 1 J Block. 


Second otass (upper An: A J Cunning- 
ham: L Irvine: A T li Blond: M J 
McCiuskie: A M McGamty: C F 
Marcucrilll: J S Trimble. 

Second dan (tower-dlv): A T Camp- 
bell: C A Kennedy: I A Lindsay: F M 
Small: M S Wawon. 

BtodMHisny and P ft ncnnm gy 
■ Fim dun R D Carruth: L Jack: B J 
WIIJM1. . 

Second dan QappwdlV): H H DaweL 
A J. Caw: a M Graham: P Gulatl. 
Second den Qum dH): A J 
Cookman: L M GUUes; S Smith; A 

Btotogtod TlrtMinr 

E Gibson; J D Mackojr. J J Miller: H L 
Slater: G R Young. 


Second c*au (upper dhO: D R McGill. F 
C Savage. 

Second clan (tower db): G Boyd; M J 
MacConnell: G E Noble: N M A 

BSc C D Cornett: F M Moakler 

Sgam Sctoww 

D M CoghlU: L M Grerar: J N Hudson: 
D E Uoyd: D MacPhail: C McWiluom: 
S P O'Donnell: M O'Neill: Tan Poh 
Choon: J Taylor: J-F wasmuin; R 

Faculty of Aits and 
Social Studies 

Economic and Sadd Hfenrny 

ottes (roper dhr): □ E Duffy: K 
« L SOW. M J McRobertb: R 
oim: N M Jin: T K wee: p T K 

Second dan (wiper dh): D A Bain: D 
\ Jonnsion: S Lawrence: 

JG Martin: 

J Hatch: J. A Jonnsion: S _ 

M G Lawrfe. | Loughrey. E 1 

N Morgan: S Natm: A J Scoff. 
SMond dan (tower Ov): K Evju: J 
Cordon: J S KiHinedy: ft w Macken- 
zie; R A Ptsanl: G Walker: J M 
walker: 1 E W Watson: A R Wood. 
Hnd due D F Anderson. 

BSC R T D McMillan: A Orr. 

Hava) ARNtecnn and onshore En- 

Flrtt due: D Harley. 

Second dan T J Baldwin: H S Kang: 
S Mo: E Olno: R P Wmietaw; p j 

Second dan .(tower dM: E li Lome: D 
P McHugh: J Pederu S ft Rasmusson. 
Third dan: M R Caskey. 

SSer L Hastings: 1 O Th omen. 
ERtrtroanwoai Eng hn e U ag 

seuml tfw Qtoper JM: l R 
Callender: P M GranL E T K Wah. 
Sacoad dan (tower dhf): E Duncan. 
TbM dun V C Bennett. 

AreMtaetund Studies 

Hnt dace 1 McKinnon Carson: p G 

Oarke: J D Craven. 

?^^"c t is«& c t c s v te? 

Mac Cal man. S C McGrane: m - a 
M tVicar: R E MKhnowicr. B V 
Spears: D L Watson: r a Yuurr. 

Said; J G Buchanan: M Cobra: R D 
Kenned M McGhee: D J McLew: DS 
Moxweu: E G Murphy: s Prenty: O Y 
H Y Salman; J H stievlin. . 

BSc C F McAljkne 

BSc Aid* SNA Malik; E M Anderson: 

a Barionos; A c Holliday; M r c 

faSfflSPrt WEST* $ 

MCKirdy: AC Mac Lean; A Martin: D 
M M Muk: C M Moore. R W Souiar: J 
G Sevan: T K Hook T K Guan: R J 
Wallace: A R Ardrop; J R Whyte, 


Food Science 

FIM etassi C Stater 

Second elan (upper dtv)< G Gotb. H G 


second ton ton* (tower dfv>t M a 
McGuire: A P Menztee. 

Applied Hto ww atonr 

Fim dw* A . J. Hamilton; A 

McCuitwon Head. 

sacoad ettf* (“P d *0 : 

A Brownlie: P Btyck P Dwieiac: p ; 
Dull: J Findlay: J F GUlesnle: C M 
Cmp: J Johnstone: G Munro; K S 


Second due Cupper dtv): J M Brock: P 
E Gibb: L McE&Kme: M ward. 
ScoMd dtan^^towor dto): E F Dixon: L 

Modem Httwry 

B l ^ 

M mass: l E Sweeney. 

Second ton (tapper toy): E M Crone: K 
Logan: H McNeill. 

Second ctau (tower tow): D A Lock: E 


- Second dace (uppwtov): D M King. S 
J McCabe: m J McCall urru G L Mum 
S A smltn. 

Second ctau Oowar dvistonri L 
Hodoens; J S McLaughlin: S M 

En stall 

Fim dost; Catrfona Boden: G c 
Carruthers: D Doneny.. . ■ . 

Second etas* (upper toy): F W G 
Andrew: H M Brown: R w McGill: P 
Reilly; E J Spence. 

Second date (lower to): E Daly' 

Second Clan (tapper to): □ G 

C ttappeile: J Ferguson: S. Phee. 


Second data (upper *v): D A 

Rune I man. 


Second daca Om P* **): M P Kenny: 
L E Russell. 

Second aims dower tsv): l J Owens: A 


Second etau (tower dtajs S Baruftti. 

Fuat dtSG R Maguire. 

Second daw (upper to): G Gallagher: 
M J Monigonwry. 

Second clacf (lower div); K 

MrCulcheon: M MeK 

v Thomson 
TMrd ctau: M Cal Pin, 


McLagan; S Morris. 

Endbn and Paydmtocy 

Second dan (upper dto): D R 

Caldwell. _ 

Second dut (tower tovMou): Y 
Cowan: A M Gordon: E V Love. 
Enrikah and LBirartetshto 
Second otocs (tower tov): M Dolan. 
Ensflah aad FHto and TtatoeMon SUtow 
Second ctaa (tower dM: J Dunn: J A 
Frew; K Mcflwam. K C Morrison: F W 
Paterson: K L SCOU. 

PUNoaophy and Paychatosy 
ThUd class: A D Retd. 

FHm and Tetovtoton Sindlu aad tadua- 
Utti RttoUons 

Second eiau (upper tov): P Panler. 

French and Geography 
Scocnd alau (tower dfv): I M Scoff. 
French and Ganaan 
Fim atom e j Smith.. 

Second ctee (Upper dM: E J Boyd: S E 

Seocfid din (tower to); L McKinnon. 
A Martin: Y WIKon. 

Fra— c h Mil Smitsh 

Second elm (upper dM: C McDonagh: 

M McMahon. 

Second clan (tower toy): J M Myles. 
French and Kaftan 

Second class (upper toe): C M Stewart. 
Second ctau (tower tov): E E Dunn: M 

Flench and Russian 
Second ctau (tapper dM: J I Block- 

French and PoWtos 

Sacoad class (upper dM: L Cof If*. 

Second cion (tower dfv): C M 


French aM leariuNing 
Sacoad docs (upper tov): M L Tierney. 
Seeond class newer tov); F L 

McKenzie: J McLaughlin. 

Gomuai end Russian 

Second das* (lower dM: A 8 Douglas. 

Garmon and Sociology 

Second clan (upper toy): K S Hansen. 

German and Hike Uhl 
S econd class (upper dM: S E Swan. 
Second decs (lower dM: F E Niven. 

Spanish and Marketing 
Second class (tower tov): L Calrney: P 
Finon: M B Hughes. 

Politics aM Spanish 
Second ctau (tower dM: K M Dabley. 

Politics and Fcychtoogy 
Second class (lower dtv): S A Hams. 
Psychology and Soetotogy 
Second class (upper dM: J Garrett. 
Librarian ship and Mode m History 
Second clan (upper tov): A E N Jones. 
Second cuss .(tower dtvttkm): T M 
Bannister, n H Hogs 


and 8 a Me logy 

Cay: Z Parveen: J 

Second class (Upper dfv): D Borland: 5 
J p Kellsr: K Mack: l J Muin M c 
Tara; 7 Watt BEd fCNAAk N 

Second doss (lower dlv): L 
MarDousaii: J A MeUtie: A Prof ill- - 

Second eftuc (tower toy): C M Ross. 
TMrd tore w A HaUlnan. 


Fim data- j Jeffrey. 

Second ctau (upper dlv): G I Gram. 
Econcne and SecM MHoiy and EngOiti 
Second tUu (tower dr): L M BoilJlc, 
and SobW HW«y end 

Second ciau (upper tov): J K A Dickie: 
M MtL Teren. 

Modem History and PMiouphy 
Seeond ciau (upper dM: E Clydesdale. 
Modem History end Pemtes 
.Second ctosa (tapper dlv): F T KHly: R 
A McIntyre: A Mam bon. 

Second ctus (tower dfv): E A Bryan, 

Mod em History and Law 

Second ciau (tower tohoz j Carruthers. 

EctoMWUu and Geography 

Third due s 4 Castto 

Engbsh and Mcttom HMeqr “ - 

Second etou honours (upper tov): l 


■ English und-Pftoocapby - 
Second ciau (upner tov): J McB' 
Sutherland: M N Toner 
gngftsh and French ' 

Sessnd prim (upper dtv): S L 

Second Uau (upper cSv): A Galbnath. 

P Adams: W A Docker: A M FIU>: A S 
C Forvyth: G M Gemmetl; A Gordon: 
P C Grant: MSP Hackstpn: G Kllkto: 
P Laf rerty: A O Unto: AH Love: E M 
L MrGaimm: A McCuilocir- C S K 
Mocimvra: A J. MaclacfUan: L A 
McNally: J l McNeu-AUai: C Mal- 
colm: C McLeod Mitchell: P^ N 
Patterson: E Peril l L A ajiUHe: E A 
Sachon; G C Stones; P Tracey. 



Second ctoM (war tov): A M 

Andrew; a Cram: L H Klrwan: L 
MrPhmcm: c Simpson; B R wicson 
Seeond cum (lower dM: E A Calrnw: 
P T Cunningham. P Gaiagher: S F 
MCLauchlan: S H Scan. 

-nurd ctau: J Clark. 


Olayinka Ibimlna Osuraullre 
Geography rod CocIom 
First etau: I S- Stewart. 

Second dm (tapper dto): J M 

Second dau (tower tov): $ A Frame. 
Geography and Biology 
Second dau (tapper tov): R J Duncan. 
Second dm (tower toy): C B Altken. P 
L Frteii D A B»: V M Wilson. 


G S Hinton. 


C E Adamson: C J BratUe; L Bell: J H 
L Bowman: D E GaklweU: A M 
Campbell: M evonoon; J S Clark: l M 
Caramer: HG M Hughes: M Jamme; B 
MrGoflum: J. McGregor: A T 
MrKiniay. C A Moffal: L A MofTal: M 
~C Muir. K C Neasham: K A Pwlterr L 
M Patrick: L H Richmond: M Saxlon: 
M M P Sloan: M M Stoddarta J S 
Suiion: K E. Weir: A Young. 



a Grant: I J Murdoch; E T Rooney: A 
P SPeir 

Mathematics with 6 ea anmtoe 
G R Ward. 

Physios i 

Class It K J McEwan: R B Rodger. 
Ctm 2 dto i: H J Cost: J F Jack: C S 
Rees: M Shoerin 

Clou JfflvtPWO Scon; D A Wells. 
Giro e$R Douglas: A J Flruayson: K 
G Graham: P McMullen: A O'Hare. B 
T O'Hear. 

BSc - 

O D Fleming: I Gourioy; A Pollock: G 
j Steadwoad, 

AppUed Physics . 

Ctau 1: S Campbell: J H Mackenzie, s 
J Sori IS- 

Ciau 2 dtv HE Anderson: P Copelana: 
G J Dunn: E H From: G C Huicheon: 
w|Kendall: P Shearer 

Ciau 2 dlv 21 w V Asen: DC Briertey; 
J Camming: D R McOuskey: P 
McGoldrick: M Mackay: P A 
Tan nock. 

Ciau 3s M E Bam T Mlkaben: L E 

BSc R Beaton: G D Hunter: B Lynch: 
R J Mann: 1 G Roberts. 

Ccnpotvr Science 
Ciau SSL Watt: C A Wood. 

Ctus 2 dlv 1: C Boardman: P 
Callaghan: DR Grata: F R D'Souza: P 
Giassweilr J B Gourtay : CMHimej). 1 
S LochrayrJ M McVry: L Miles: EM 
Moffal: D G Moran: VNnsen: M R A 
O'Dowd: J P Olsen: E C Reapam: T A 
D Reid: S Rutherford: J F Taylor: B 
Thornes: A M Watson. 

Class 2 dlv 2: F Andrews: P Cahill: A 
Dtnwoodle. W Dorman: K W Edgar: n 
Fiosttnons: L Higgins: H T C 
Hotchkiss: J Jamieson: R A Jardine: B 
McNally: H RM More: G E Murray: G 
T Purote: C Sotberg. 

Class 3; w Ylng- Let. 

BSc: S B Ibrahim: M C C Donnelly; G 

Computer Science end iHcrapnweaiar 

Ctau 1: P M Beery: A Dowdalia: A G 
Gillespie: G Hanna: T R woson. 
Ctau 2 tov l: J Blair: R Brown: B H 
Duncan: D Heoretty: K Hen wood: I D 
Medune: S D MacNeill: H L Maitby: B 
C Mills: 5 Naeem. 

Ctau 1*2:1 Om an: K McCuira: S 

Cten -k a I Kennedy: G □ Mulder. 
MomemuiBal Sciences 
Ciau 2 div I: R G Hay: P 3 Temporal. 
Clou 2 dto 7s A M Cailacher: T A 
McFadyen: L k Rountree: M S 

BSc: P D Doyle; J I Irvin. 


Ctau || s w Brown: w Fraser: a L 
Gardner: 1 A McCulloch: D S Macrae: 

s M wdf; D s wnghi. 

Ctau 2 dto 1: S A Chart ert$: J MundeU; 
C O'Neill: A Owe: D A Sweeney: G R 

Ciau 9 dto 2: MC Bain: K A Bulloch: D 
Finnie: A Forbes: F Harvie: K Jeffrey: 
A G Knight: A M McNair; S SkbUgut. 
Ctos* S: | b McCann: N Noor. 

BSc B K Davidson: P J Maguire: B J 
Monigomery: I J Tumball: J M S 

Ap p Ue d Chemistry 

Claes is R H Craw: a 0 w 
MCL enaghan. 

Ciau 2 . dto Is S Hampson: A D 
McIntyre: J A Macminan: G Welsh. 
Ctau 2 div as C Brennan: E Galloway: 
A F Mackay: C A Reid; S Williamson. 


Ctau 1: R W E Lamb: K C Mitchell: I H 

Class 2 div l: R Shanks: D Sievewrlghi: 
^fSff^^Nlbi^T’stmpron: « 

Slras&heUn: A F Thomson. 

BSc S W Christie: M T Ea&dale: D J 

HlU bouse: J A LenzL 

AppBed Ceohigy 

Ciau h c McCiuskey 

Ciau 2 dto 1: l w Fosvold: K M 

MacAJitster T M Rhodes: E A 


Clau 2 dto 2: s D McQuade: M E 

Ciau 3: H H Donald. 


Ciau, USC Altken: F S Janbs: D J 
Laurie: S J McGregor: Dl M arsha ll; s 
M Sandier; C Slockdlll: E A Strain: -L 
M Templeton: A A Thompson. 

Clan 2 div 1: L M Angus: J M 
Chalmers: L R Donnelly: fp Duggan: 

A D ujwne: D R McCaw C M 
McKenzie: A R Marshall. C MenrUe: M 
Milligan: S A Rowe C A Stow-; S IN L 
Thomson: J G Turner: J E weir: M 
While: R J- Wilson. 

Clou 2 sfiv 2: e M Brown; M t 
B urr hill; S J Clark: ’D DBieflff F J 
Davidson: C A Dotiera^ P.Dowd^ D C 
Fletrtier: M K Furev: D M Grant: H E 
Guiney: J HalL- J HOrte: G A Hughes: 

A Human: M H Jamieson. P D 
Kearns: F M Kinniburgh: J RWCOJUk 
H M McLean: A G Milk V WdMin: C 
M Reid: A E RlnlOul: S M Scott: C T 
Stewart:- M Tracey: M Wiseman 
Ciau tPD Borland: J M Hannah: S 

M McBride; W Shaw 

BSc M E Boyce: K Jandoo: P F 
Martin; F F Yum. . . 


Hotel and Catering Manapmnt 
Clou 2 dlv 1: A Bradley: G"J While. 
Ctau 2 div X S N Gautd. J K Lewin: F 
E MacLeod: B Simpson. - 

SA: J L Bell; J W Black:. S J 
Breckenridge: S L Brooks- D Camiwnr 
F M Oonneti)': M A Cooke: J T 
Dakers: D Elihlmiou. □ Ford: C GW 
Froome: R A Fyfe: PM Gamer: D E 
Heasleil; S J Wrts en E A N htindu; F 
A Jamieson: K A Univpn: f M 
MrAnee; I S MacKoraJe: A M 
McMurray: A L Marsh: A 

P S Presland: J Schulz: p A Sega s 
M Skinner; C A Super: A G TogweC: 

K s TuiuxtiL s w Watkins; J D 
Wilson: A C Worswick. 

SSc and BEog 
Civil EngtoceriRE 
First case A 
Second Ciau 
Mungali. A ' 

Btctncal and EWarwto , Entoivurtag 
Fktt Ctau: A T Haney. D t Jack. A R 

How. T K Fel. J Thomson, w c tang 
Second Ciau rapper dto): N J H Black. 
C T Toon, cc Huai. 6 T Wool, c w 
Meng. C Wat-Sum. S D Davis. T M 
Dickson. D J Hamilton. N Hassan. L H 
Soon. L F KcaL L S Ha. L S Hera. L 

Y Peng. L F Leona j p McAra. K J 
McKay. D, J MacNIcol. A F 
McOuwon, K Marshall. 1 G Miner. M 
A Mills. CJ Murray. F N A Teck. S B 
Nlcholb. O B Huai. V A Olsen. W 
Omar. C W Smith. T L Seng- w A W 
EnduL W J GaL D Wilson. JF wuson. 

Y K Meng- 

SccoiMt Ctau (tower dto): A H 
Abdullah. A Bakrl. A J tMrkson. P W 
Dunbar. G E Soon. F Hashim. P D 
Henderson. M ismaiL A Logman. P c 
See. M Sinclair. C J Suihertand. T K 
Wah. T Y waL C Weir. Y Y Boo. 
TliM Class: NAS Abdullah. N All. A 
R T Anderson. G Bentsen. M M BAM. 
B K' Wah: D A Currle.R Daita. M ® M 
D BSc ■ Malaysia). G C Choon. Z 
Chazali. H F Ylu. W M A Ibraldm. Z 
a tsmau. S Mail. I M Yusof. S i s 
Saiieh. R T Yaocob. D j walker, w S 

BSc M K A Rahim. A H B AltmOn. A 
R B Hashim. T Hamdan. F Hashim. Y 
Hashim. K Ismail. A S Kamaruddln. G 
A - McCabe. M A Morality. G 
Macquarrte. J M SaUeh. H M inns, n 
M Soom. A R Ofbman. A Pearson. M 
A Saleh. T B Kiam. M A Wright. 

Wiring rad PMrataum Engineering 
First Class: P L Breu. R Caven. I R Da- 
vies. I C Fraser. C S Marshall. A K 
Morrison. B B Robertson. K Sardar. D 
Sioregierd*. R W Taylor. 

Second Ctau (upper toy): J Burrows. E 
D Campbell. J C Duffy. J FoUceriaL C 
C Forrester. G W Fulton. S D 
Gardiner. R M Bta&on. D M Gillespie. 
D M Haldane. J Hanna wav. R Lamp. 
J D Lindsay. M McCall um. S Mooney, 
j M O'Donnell. I Paterson- B A 
Saasiad. W P Smltn. D A Stewart. 
Second Ctau (tower tov): a Duff. L E 
cram. S A McVey. J J Morrison. o k 

BScj A Pickenna 

fthw— aaM HAltltl 
Ftru Class 1 J Bevertand. CS Clark. K 
. R pell BSc (East Anglia). M D 

Second Clou (upper dig): C 

MrLauqblln. H Morcon. 

BScm F Chalmers. A J Clark. J S 
McFeal. E Skea. 

Electrical aM ElenJronfcj Engineering 
First Cttsc ADR Brown. C K Stong. J 
Devlin. A F Holvoroen. J A. Hoseock. 
C A Kirkwood. M Uttertck. E D 
Murray. O C Tee. „D R P*«L P 
Ramsay. A w Reid. S S Sera- T K 
Hock. A Todd. M B Williamson. 
Second Ciau (upper tov): J P 
Cam wain. C C Meng- C VMM. C L 
Yin. S F Davidson. M G Ennis. K 
Forfang. A E Fraser. S A Fraser. R 
s o cSnapaihy... R Gibson. C T 
Haugeberg. K Y Kheno. M J D Liddle. 
L WKeora L C OiongjL F Mina- C P 
McAUhJer. S J Meanness. N J 
O'Nefll. A Robertson. AG Smith. K T 
SlenseUi. T S KUI. K J Theseira. D A 
walker. T Walker- A Wallace. Y S 

Scoond Cfeu (tower dto): N A Maud. K 
Adams. S Ahrom. R Ahl- D W 
Armstrong. J ASkarFShJraa. J D 
Barclay. M . J W W Brown. F N 

Sanend Ctau (tower dto): NJ Andrew: 
TO Campbell; CK Wan: GB Cosh: K 
CSirfagnlnl: J Lolly: FF McOarrlly: S 
Mclnnev KL McMillan: EC McNlcol: 
M MacQueen: C Nfcodemou: JM 
Scon: CW spy: fm Wallace. 

indonrial Rtoattona 

Second dan (upper dlv): FE Lonmer; 

Saeond Ciau (tower dto): JL Ptcken. 
M ai kei tof 

First Class : C Duncan: H Edwards. 
Seeond Ciau finer tov): AC Bruce: 
SJ Carter: KA Chaners: H Chnsp; 
■CEJ Gowidy: SJ Graham: G Hugo: J 

Judge: K Keujer: JD McLure: CV 
McHugh: AJ McKichan: RA Parker 
AM Reid; A Wright: I Yates. 

Second Clan (Itoper dto): B Smith. 
Account*!* and Operational fTe ie a r rt i 
Fro Ciau i A Gray. 

Second Ciau (upper <Uv): da Kelly: CJ 

&£»«-. (tower tov): jw Goodie. 

Acoounttng and Burinau Law 
Sacoad Clan (tapper tov): BK Wrtgni. 

Second Uau (upper dtv): T Oonnora 
AL Ross. 

Second Ciau (tower dto)-* ME Mac- 

AtMhdstratton rad tafuctrtal IHlait o m 
Second Uau (mgm tov): JG Blue: FJ 
Brown: 1 MiKom: HA Ogston: AN 

wnti towB U : J Scon. 

AdmMuraOMi and Mariuttog 
Second Uau (tower dto): S Ccddes: 
ma Keith. 

AdtoMorratim and Low 
Second Uau ( upper dm): lb Fraier. 
r ceno n ta nr and Oparattonal Research 
Second Ctau (igtper dhi): MC Gibb: 
SEJ Martin. 

Second Uau (lower dto): S wauer. 

Economics rad Marketing 
Second Uau (upper dto): IG Kennedy; 
AC Preston 

Second Ciau (lower dlv): ma 
F orresler: LM Lafferly: GA 
Met. el land. 

Third Uau : CM McIntosh. 

Msihabnc and Modern L npapi 

fST!ir.» bJSBr.** RMM 

Burifieu Law aud Bwnwntoe 
.Second Uau (upper tov): A Donnelly:. 
J$ MacArthur: S Matfieson. 1 

Second Ctau (tower dto): JIM Arm 
si rang. 

SA: S BOftanda: ESP BaintL- LW Block 
MJ Burrows: jw CamcK: MS dark. 
FM Cowan: AW Craig: AL dimming: 
iG Davidson: G Devanney: MD 
Dickson: SM Dtckson: C Donnelly: SC 
Donnet: RM Dupiochie: CJ Ewing: DO 
Ferguson; SM Fogg o: lhj Forties: im 

Hendry: A Hlllin: AH wing-Leung. 
AA Jack: MM Jeffrey: K Jones: SG 
Lawson: AM Llyinosione; DS 
Lochead: NE McBride: JA 

MtComasky: SH . McConnell: TM 
MrCurry: BJ 

McEwan. F-J 

MAcDonald: A 

F-J MacGregor: HC 
: J McDwalne: FE Mclnnes: 

McCfnlay. R L B Maroon. 2 Omar. N 
C Pedersen. O A Porter' M J R«Hy. J 
G Ross. HS S.OL sujgh. TSnow. A 
A Sutherland. T C Kow. R W 
Williams. M M Yaacob. 

TMrd Ciacc M C G Coofc. B GaiTy. M / 

HSK? PESWr. c 

SConlSan. p Kane- B M Lationv a j 

Etootrontu Md atteraproeeuar En- 

AF McKay: JE McKay: JA McKee: P 
McKenna; K Me Lafferly: AB 
McLaren: LE Maclean: WD 

McPherson: FM McQueen; S Mall: CS 
Mol Ion: EP Marr: LK Mam BA 
Martin: GL Miller: SJ_ Miller: S 
Mooney: DM Morrison: DC NeUson: P 
O'Neill: TG O'Nefll: !W Peers: CA 
“ lie: D Pryde. AM RandeU: GN 
S. JL Robinson: HA Semple: EAC 
uelds: UL smith: JA soaven: HG 
■- GG Slorofield: MG Stewart: 

imi ciwnwu 

l r /gg*RFl, 

M Sutherland. 




dto): S C 

Beaumont- K w 

B Sc 

Cwil Emffowtng 

f bit Class J A Bos’l®. D Burhanart. C 
0 Keong. C L Keong.CB Houston. L B 
Heng. m Lowihlan. G kfcCorron. M Y 

Chrong- N Siewarij t c aioon. t k 

First Ctau: A Cochran. F baksen. M C 
Loughrey. J P McGtone. A McUuies. S 
jsjrm S M park. D A Reilly. E J 
Spencer. „ _ 

Second Class, (oppsr dlv): E 
Breanenrldro. A M Deacon. P M 
Gallagher, p'e Hands. P C Hwans c 
CKelelff. K C Lyail. G W MacDonald. 
J Raaen. J P Reid. 

Second Uau (tovrer dto): K M Bryson. 
J Connelly. B Meek. P Robertson. 
Third Class: E Gallagher. A R Hoimbo. 
BStoC B Fisher. 

Stral bo ti f ite B orinm School 
Tostaoiqgy rad BtWnsu -StiMHas 
Fim Class: D J Sutherland. 

Swond Ctas (Btaptr dto): I Brodle. R D 
Crook. R Hutchinson, R B Kelly. O 
McKay. M MacPhee. G K PeOSton, L 
Shields. C E Sweeney. 

SsMrnd Uau (tawar .dto): P L 
Carragher. M Huston. D J Johnson. C 
Marsh. J l Thomson. 

BSe R A Bleosdale, S B BurCJuli. H L 

GaSaqhw. J M n ^rion. J 

tziJg a \ SSS& S 

Mackenzie. C_FMe»reM. M E 

Mu I rtiead. DP Shannon. Pa M 
Towns. J M S Wilson. D Wright 

Business School 


Second Class (i«psr div)t w A Carnet 
G D Crawford: c A Johnston. C 
Markinnon: J B Marks 

Saeond Ctau (upper tov): DG WUson: 

Snood Uw* prawr ttQ: B Alexander: 
DG ComphMl: BP O Kane. 


Stund Uass Crapw «v): RW Wilson 
Forrevl: CA McDonald: O McEwan: c 
O'Sullivan; A M Steel 

. ... Sirulhers; RW Suihertand: KR 
Siveeney: GJ Taylor: DS Terret ES 
Thomson: LS Thornion: AK Thorp: IK 
Tod. A TWeedie: JM vivem C 
Wallace: FY Waters: JA Weln AGC 


First Uau : CE Beanie. 

Second Uau (apper dto): c Bree: KAR 
Dal ling: HM Dorhertjn DA Glilteg: MJ 
Haughey: J.Hyslop: M Johnston: SCT 
Kelly. H king:- RB Mac Lean; CD 
Mamey: M Meeclun: AE PlUons: FH 
Reddles-' FJ Sneddon: RH Stamioge: 
SM Templet on: IM WaUon. 

Second Ctau (lowor dlv): f " 

LM FerrW: S ltilf our: MD 
AJ Peden. 

LLB: CN AIIen. P Bachoo: S Ball: 
Ram JA Barr: E ^Cameron: 
Canning: EM Canlen: SG Carson: 
Davis: AS Douglas: L Dowdalls: 
Diimpace: KD Falconer: D Faidds: l 
Glancy: RC .Gray; jj Grimn; tr 
Harper BSc MJ Higgins: BF Hodge 
Houston: D Jack: WTKw: S Kerr . 
Uverv: \ Love: A McAdam: 
McAuley: WM McCarfrey: P 
McCready: JP McElroy- / 
McGowan: MCMock 

SUa^S 8 J 5 USIgg 6 , 

'CNAAt JM Midholland: DW Murr 
LM Mcolson: ED Robertson: 
Robertson: B Saddler LC Shearer 
Shulman. DMC Smilh: &j 


graduates have b 
awarded honours. 

Second Ciau 



Catering Management i. 

- U4 

Swwfl Ciau chhpm- ifiv)-. d f 
s*«d Ctau (lower *v): ph ( 


Law Report July 10 1986 Divisional Court 

Fresh inquest to be held over new facts 

In re Rapier (Deceased) 

Before Lord Justice Woolf and 
Mr Justice Simon Brown 
(Judgment given July 9] . 

The court had power to quash 
an inquest under section 6 of the 
Coroners Act 1887 and section 
19 of the Coroners (Amend- 
ment! Act 1926 where, although 
it could not be shown that there 
would probably be a different 
verdict if a new inquest were 
held, it was necessary or de- 
sirable in the interests of justice 
that new facts and evidence, 
which had come to light since 
the inquest and on the basis of 
which it was possible For a jury 
to come to a different conclu- 
sion. should be explored. 

The Queen's Bench Di- 
visional Court so held on an 
application by Francis 
d'Aubevjllc Wilson, retired 
coroner for Swansea and Gower 
for an order under the 1887 and 
1926 Acts to quash an in- 
quisition touching the death of 
Philip diaries Rapier held be- 
fore the applicant and a jury' at 
which an open verdict was 

Mr Peregrine Simon for the 
coroner. Mr Guy Sankey as 
amicus curiae. 

said that authority to make the 
application was granted by a Oar 
of the Solicitor General, in the 
absence of the Attorney Gen- 
eral. and the application was 
then made in accordance with 
Order 53 of the Rules of the 
Supreme Court for an applica- 
tion for judicial review. 

The apswer to the question 
whether or not it was necessary 
to . have leave of the court to 
proceed with an application 
where an applicant had already 
obtained the fiat of the Attorney 
General depended on the nature 
of the application which was 

Quite apart from the statutory 
application to quash under sec- 
tion 6(1) of the 1887 Act and 
section 19 of the 1926 Act, the 
court had always had an inher- 
ent jurisdiction to exercise a 
supervisory role in relation to an 
inquest conducted by a coroner 
and a power if necessary io 
quash an inquisition. 

Thai common-law power was 
independent of the statutory 
power and was exercised on an 
application for judicial review 




Cooper and Another v Coles 
Before Lord Justice Stephen 
Brown and Mr Justice Otton 
[Judgment given July 9] 

The promotion of a collection 
for a charitable purpose which 
involved the exchange of goods 
for money came within the 
definition of “collection” within 
section 11(1) of the House to 
House Collections Act 1939 and 
therefore required a licence in 
force authorizing the collection. 

Accordingly, justices who had 
found that the defendants' activ- 
ities fell within the definition 
were correct in convicting them 
of an offence contrary to section 
1(2) of the 1939 Act 

The Queen's Bench Di- 
visional Court so held when it 
dismissed the defendants' ap- 
peal against their conviction by 
the Nottingham Justices on 
January 21. 1985. of providing a 
collection for charitable pur- 
poses during a period for which 
there was no licence in force 
contrary to section 1(2). 

Mr Peter Ralls for the defen- 
dants: Miss Lynn Tayton for the 

that the defendants were the 
principals involved in the run- 
ning of an organization which 
was not a registered charity’ but a 
private company supplying 
goods and identity cards' to 
persons who then went from 
door to door representing them- 
selves as being from the 

It was accepted that the 
nature of the organization was 
in a good cause and that it made 
donations to charity. 

Mr Ralls specifically drew 
attention to the words "io give” 
in section 12(1) and sought to 
distinguish them from the 
words “to sell": he relied also on 
Murphy v Duke ([1985] l QB 
905. 918) where Mr Justice 
Forbes had cast doubt on the 
judgment of Lord Parker. Lord 
Chief Justice, in Carasu Ltd v 
Smith ([1968] 2 QB 383. 388- 

His Lordship did not aefept 
that Carasu was decided 
wrongly; the circumstances of 
that case were identical to the 
present case. Mr Justice Forbes 
was dealing with ’the Trading 
Representations (Disabled Per- 
sons) Act 1958. whereas Carasu 
dealt with the 1939 Act. 

The 1939 Act had to be 
construed within its own four 
comers and it was not necessary 
to construe both Acts together 
or the former Act in the light of 
the latter. Nor did the later Act 
specifically or by implication 
seek to amend the earlier. 

Accordingly, the present case 
was within Carasu 

BROWN, agreeing, said that the 
judgment of the Lord Chief 
Justice in Carasu plainly inter- 
preted the provisions of section 
li and his Lordship was sur- 
prised that Mr Justice Forbes 
fell it appropriate to say that the 
decision was wrong. 

In so far as it was recorded in 
the headnotc of Murphy . that 
should be dissented from: Mr 
Justice Forbes was not constru- 
ing the same Act and he was 
plainly wrong in his conclusion 
on the 1939 Act- 
Accordingly, the court en- 
dorsed Carasu. 

Solicitors: Temple Wallis. 
Nottingham: Mr D. W. Ritchie. 


In Goddard v Nationwide 
Building Society ( The Times 
July 2). the last three lines of the 
paragraph numbered 5 in Lord 
Justice Noursc’s judgment 
should have read “save in 
-regard to documents at which 
the judge had already looked”. 

under Order 53. On such an 
application leave had to be 

Where an application was 
made under the statutory power 
it might be desirable, because 
the powers of the court were not 
identical, also to make an 
application for judicial review. 

Where that was the position it 
was not necessary for two 
separate applications to be 
made. The applications could be 
and were in practice joined but 
they then had to be made by way 
of an application for judicial 
reveiw and so although the fiat 
of the Attorney General must 
already have been obtained to 
make the application under the 
statutory powers, it was still 
necessary to obtain the leave of 
the court because of the inclu- 
sion of an application for ju- 
dicial review. 

In practice, the granting of 
leave would almost inevitably 
be a formality since if the 
Attorney General considered 
that the applicant was entitled to 
his fiat, it was most unlikely that 
a court would ever refuse leave. 

There was no need to obtain 
leave for an application to quash 
an inquisition which was solely 
made on the statutory grounds 
and not by way of an application 
for judicial review. 

In the case of an application 
under the Coroners Act 1887, 
the appropriate procedure was 
to apply under Order 5, rule 3 by 
originating summons. 

In practice it was safer to 
adopt the procedure of applying 
by way of judicial review bo- 
cause the courts would then 
have in reserve its other powers 
even though that meant that the 
formality of obtaining leave had 
to be fulfilled. 

The ground of the application 
was that since the inquest into 
the death of a prisoner was held, 
new evidence had come to light 
which meant that it was nec- 
essary or desirable in the in- 
terests of justice that the verdict 
of the inquest be quashed and 
that another inquest be held at 
which the jury was able to 
consider, the additional ev- 

At the time of his death the 
prisoner was in solitary confine- 
ment in a punishment cell in the 
young offenders' wing of Swan- 
sea Prison. 

He was found dead in his cell 
at about 9pm, hanging by the 

neck from a sheet which was 
lied to a bar in the cell window. 

At the inquest, the jury, after 
hearing the sworn evidence and 
listening to the directions given 
by the applicant concerning the 
finding or rejecting of a verdict 
of suicide, returned an open 

The deceased’s inquest was 
the third inquisition which had 
taken place in respect of death at 
Swansea Prison where an open 
verdict had been returned. 

It became apparent that a 
report of an investigation made 
between the date of the 
deceased's death and the inquest 
into passible solvent sniffing by 
the deceased and another in- 
mate had not been drawn to the 
attention of the coroner. 

That evidence was submitted 
to the coroner after ihe inquest. 
It indicated that trichioroeihanc 
which was a colourless volatile 
liquid widely used as a dry- 
cleaning and correcting fluid 
and as a degreasing agent was 
available to inmates at the 
prison who worked in a particu- 
lar workshop. 

According to certain of the 
witnesses, a prisoner who was 
friendly with the deceased did 
keep some in a tobacco tin and 
he said that on the night in 
question by the use of a line he 

swung ihc tin containing the 
fluid from his cell to the cell of 
the deceased and when the tin 
was returned it had been emp- 

That happened approxi- 
mately half an hour to just 
under three-quaners of an hour 
before the deceased was found 

A senior scientific officer 
indicated that the solvent was 
rapidly absorbed from the lungs 
and that the toxic effects of the 
compound included depression 
of the central nervous system 
resulting, in high concentra- 
tions. in anaesthesia and death 
from respiratory depression. 
There was no question here of 
the solvent directly causing 

If that evidence had been 
available to the coroner prior to 
the inquest it would inevitably 
had been called before the jury 
at the inquest. 

Under section 3( 1) of the 1 887 
Act. there was a mandatory 
requirement to hold an inquest 
in the case of deaths in prison. 
That appeared to be a statutory 

recognition that because of-the 
nature of prison institutions, 
there was a special need for an 
independent investigation into 
deaths which occurred within 
their walls. 

Section !3t2Xh) required that 
where the death occurred in 
prison the coroner was required 
to summon a jury. 

Apart from the coroner's abil- 
ity io make a report, if there 
were to be a new inquest, the 
jury’s and the coroner's in- 
quiries would be confined to 
ascertaining whether the de- 
ceased killed himself, whether 
he died as a result of an accident 
or misadventure or whether, 
again, there should be an open 

An open verdict would only 
be appropriate if the jury on the 
evidence could not reach one of 
the alternative verdicts which 
were available. 

The court's attention was 
drawn to a note to section 6 of 
the 1887 Acl which appeared in 
Haisbury’s Statutes . 4th edition 
(1976) volume 11. p359: “An 
inquisition will not be quashed 
unless it is shown that there 
would probably be a different 
verdict if a new inquest were 

In support of the hole there 
was a reference to In re Davis 
(Deceased) (f 1 968] 1 QB 72) and 
R v Cardiff City Coroner. Ex 
parte Thomas ([1970] l WLR 

It was dear the the headnote 
in In re Davis supported the 
note in volume 1 1 of Halsburv. 
It was also clear that the 
headnote reflected the judg- 
ments of Lord Justice Sellers 
and Lord Justice Russell in that 

However the case was one 
where there had already been a 
verdict of suidde and the court 

was being asked to quash the 
verdict on the basis of evidence 

verdict on the basis of evidence 
from another doctor in addition 
to the doctors who had already 
given evidence. 

Lord Justice Sellers said at 
p82: “The only ground on which 
the court could interfere in the 
circumstances of this case would 
be if it was of opinion that ihe 
verdict of suicide would prob- 
ably be replaced by a different 
verdict if a new inquest were to 
be held”. 

In adopting that approach the 
court was acting on the sub- 
missions of distinguished coun- 

sel appearing on behalf of the 
coroner but ihe precise standard 
to be adopted was not in 

There was .no difficulty in- 
volved in that case in assessing 
the quality of the evidence. In 
Ex parte Thomas the court 
appeared to have taken a dif- 
ferent view from that in In re 

His Lordship adopted the 
approach which Lord Parker, 
Lord Chief Justice, in the 
Thomas case at pi 478 adopted 
to the Doris case. 

Thai meant that the note in 
Halsburv set out a test fora new 
inquest which was too stringent. 

Here a whole new area for 
inquiry which was never investi- 
gated at the inquest had been 
disclosed. U was not possible to 
say with any degree of con- 
fidence what would be the result 
of the new evidence being 
exam i ned before a coroner and a 
iury but it would be possible for 
the jury to bring in a verdict of 
suicide as a result of the 
additional evidence. 

The jury might take the view 
that the new evidence made the 
position even more uncertain. 
On the other hand the jury could 
take the view if they were 
satisfied that the deceased was 
under the influence of the 
solvent that that caused him to ; 
become suicidal when he would j 
not otherwise have reacted in 
that way. 

It could provide an explana- 
tion as to why he should commit 
suidde notwithstanding the fact , 
that his punishment was coming 
to an end and he was shortly to 
be released from prison. 

The case was very different 
from the Davis case. It certainly 
would not appear that justice 
had been done if there were not 
a new inquesu 

While the foci that new 
evidence of matters of public 
interest discovered was not in 
itself sufficient to justify a new 
inquest, looking at the circum- 
stances of the case as a whole, 
the verdict should be quashed 
since that was necessary and 
desirable in the interests of 

Mr Justice Simon Brown 
delivered a concurring judg- 

Solicitors: Beor Wilson & 1 
Lloyd. Swansea; Treasury Solic- 


Steaua likely to be 
given a bye 
in European Cup 


Zurich (Reuter) - Steaua Bu- 
charest. of Romania, the Euro- 
pean Cup holders and first east 
European winners of the trophy. 

arc favoured io gain a firat- 
round bye when the draws for 
the three European Football 
Union (UEFA) club tour- 
naments take place in Geneva 

Steaua. who beat Barcelona 
on penalties in Seville Iasi May. 
are lipped by UEFA officials as 
the team most likely to benefit 
from the continued absence of 
English clubs, who were banned 
indefinitely following the trag- 
edv at the Hevsel Stadium in 
Brussels on May 29 last year 
when 39 supporters died- 

Without English repre- 
sentatives. the European Cup 
has only 3 1 entries and one team 
is thus sure to gain a bye. 

Nine dubs, representing the 
elite of European football, wifi 
be kepi apart in the first round. 
Six clubs will be seeded in the 
Cup Winners' Cup and 12 in the 
UEFA Cup. 

The supporters of Liverpool, 
who last season completed the 
English league and 
Cup double, were largely 
blame for the Brussels tragedy 
before their match against 
Juventus and Liverpool must 

serve three years further suspen- 
sion from Europe once the 
general English ban is lifted. 

However, the marked reduc- 
tion in crowd trouble at English 
league games last season and the 
supporters'* behaviour m Mex- 
ico prompted one UEFA source 

Kent point 
way for 
change of 

to say that the forthcoming 
English league season would be 

English league season would be 
a crucial "test of . their clubs' 
readiness to return to Europe. 

In their absence, Spain, Yugo- 
slavia. Czechoslovakia and 
France will benefit with extra 
places in the UEFA Cup. Parti- 
san Belgrade of Yugoslavia will 
also participate following their 
being stripped of the league title 
for foiling to turn up for replays 
of matches surrounded' by sus- 
picions of rigged results: 
SEHHNG& Eu rope a n Cup: Bayem Mo-‘ 
rich (West Germany). Austria Vienna 
(AusWa). Andartecht /Betaiurn). Real Ma- 
drid. (Spain), PanaOTtnakas (Greece). 
Juventus (Maly). Porto {PortugafL Steaua 
Bucharest (Romania). Dinamo .Kiev (So- 
viet Union). Cup WmiSs- Cup: RapU 
Vienna (Austria). Aberdeen (Scotland). 
Bordeaux (Franca), AS Roma (Italy). 
Benflca (Portugal), Dinamo Bucharest 

liaV UEFA Cun: Bayer Uerdingen 

Germany). cF i — — 

i United 

(Sptan). Attetico 

kian (Italy), Wfcfcnw Lodz (Poland). 
Unfvftrsttario Craiova (Romania), Gothen- 
burg (Sweden), Dtida Prague (Czecho- 

Gloom of Melia for 
Edwards Stockport 

English football wS) become a 

second grade force behind Italy 
and Spain — unless the Football 
League's top dobs can return to 
European competition after the 
ban following the Heysei Sta- 
dium tragedy, says Martin Ed- 
wards, Manchester U sited's 

Edwards' concern follows the 
recent departure of three of die 
League's leading scorers — 
Hughes, of United, Rush of 
Liverpool and Lineker, Ever- 
ton's World cap hero — to Earo- 
pean dobs. 

He said: “ There's a danger 
that English dubs could become 
the poor relations of Europe. We 
most return to European football 
to compete with dobs like 
Juventus and Barcelona — and I 
believe the signs of the ban being 
lifted are good. 

“There was a potentially 
explosive incident in the World 
Cup against Argentina when 

Maradona punched the ball into 
the net for a goal against 
England But the English fans 
came out of it with tremendous 
credit — showing no reaction” 

Amount due need not be specified 

Bank of Banda v Panessar 
and Others 

Before Mr Justice Walton 
[Judgment given July 7] 

There was no need for a 
debenture holder to specify the 
precise amount of the debt in a 
demand for moneys due under 
the debenture. 

A stipulation requiring pay- 
ment on demand meant pay- 
ment immediately upon 
demand being made, that is. 
allowing only such time as was 
neecssajy to implement the 
mechanics of payment which in 
these days of modem methods 
of communication and transfer 
of money was a very short lime. 

Where the express terms of an 
agreement between the parties 
provided that the costs of 
enforcing payment of moneys 
due under the agreement should 
be paid on an indemnity basis, 
the court retained a discretion in 
the matter but in the light of the 
conduct of the defendants it was 
right to uphold the express 
words of the agreement 

Mr Justice Walion so held in 
the Chancery Division in grant- 
ing the bank its claim for 
payment of £832,035 plus in- 
terest due to it • under two 
guarantees and dismissing a 
counterclaim by the defendants 
that the appointment of a 
receiver by the bank was invalid 
and therefore they were released 
from their liability under the 

Mr Michael Crystal. QC and 
Mr John Higham for the bank: 
Mr Peter Cresswell. QC and Mr 
Gregory Mitchell for the re- 
ceiver. Mr John Moncaster for 
the first, third and fifth defen- 
dants: Mr Ccnydd Howells for 
the second, fourth and sixth 

given to the bank by the 

A demand was duly made by 
ihe bank by a letter which read: 
“We hereby demand all moneys 
due to us* under the powers 
contained in the debenture 
mortgage dated September 22. 
1981 ” 

The defendants claimed that 
that was not a valid demand 
since it did not spedfy the 
amount of money due and that 
the receiver subsequently ap- 

pointed in default of payment 
was accordingly invalidly ap- 

It appeared that there was no 
English authority dealing with 
the point. Mr Cresswell referred 
to a persuasive case in the High 
Court of Australia. Bunbury 
Foods Pi}’ Lid v National Bank 
of Australasia Ltd ((1984) 54 
AU 199). 

In that case, under a deben- 
ture given by a company to a 
bank to secure moneys lent, the 
company undertook to pay to 
(he bank on demand “all mon- 
eys which are now or may from 
time to time hereafter be owing 
or remain unpaid to the bank”. 

When the bank demanded 
payment of the loan moneys it 
did not in its notice specify the 
amount then owing by the 
company. It was held by tl : 
whole court that that notice was 
nevertheless valid. 

The Australian court re- 
viewed the earlier English cases, 
including Massey r Sladen 
((1868) LR 4 Ex 13) where 
Baron Cleasby qu i le dearly 
thought that in the case of such a 
stringent dausc as ihat under 
discussion, the creditor ought to 
make a demand which was 
specific letting the debtor know 
what was the sum payment of 
which was required. 

But the High Court of Austra- 
lia thought otherwise and his 
Lordship found their reasoning 
as to the content of the notice of 
demand very persuasive. He 
could not see any reason why 
the creditor should not do 

said that the first, third and fifth 
defendants were three brothers 
who owned two companies 
engaged in the fashion trade and 
the second, fourth and sixth 
defendants were their wives. 

The companies banked with 
the plaintiff bank which took 
from them an all-moneys deben- 
ture in respect of the moneys 
owed by both companies to the 
bank which provided for the 
repayment of all moneys therey 
secured on demand and in 
default of compliance with such 
demand the bank became en- 
titled ro appoint a receiver 
thereunder. A guarantee in re- 
spect of each company was 

precisely w-hat he was. by the 
terms of bis security, entitled to 
do. that is to say. to demand 
repayment of all moneys se- 
cured by the debenture. 

.As the High Court of Austra- 
lia had pointed out. it would 
seem stupid that the creditor 
could put in. without imperil- 
ling the validity of the notice, an 
entirely wrong sum which was 
much more likely to give rise to 
confusion and difficulty than 

the form of the notice adopted 
in the present case. 

Jndred, it was quite dear that 
knowledge of the precise 
amount of the sums outstanding 
was only required in the excep- 
tional case, because in most 
cases, as in the present case, the 
debtor had no real means of 
paying off the sum due and it 
would seem idle io put the 
creditor to what might be 
considerable expense in 
ascertaining the precise amount 
due when there was no likeli- 
hood that that sum would 
represent a realistic target at 
which the debtor could aim. 

If. on the contrary, die debtor 
was in a position to pay off the 
sum demanded and wished to 
know the precise sum. he could ■ 
communicate with the creditor 
and ask him what sum he was 
expecting to be paid. 

The defendants further main- 
tained that the receiver was 
invalidly appointed since the 
bank had not allowed sufficient 
time for compliance with the 
demand before appointing a 

The starting point was the 
dictum of Mr Justice Blackburn 
in Bright}' v Norton ((1862) 3 B 
& S 305, 312k “I agree that a 
debtor who is required to pay 
money on demand or at a staled 
time must have it ready and is 
not entitled to further time in 
order to look for it” That 
dictum had been considered in 
later cases as to the precise 
interval between the demand 
being made and the money 
actually being produced. 

His Lordship's views were 
that money payable "on 
demand" was repayable im- 
mediatefy upon demand being 
made. Indeed, so much was that 
so that there was no doubt that 
the periods of time mentioned 
in the Limitation Act 1939 
commenced running from the 
date of the demand and not 
from any later time: see Brad- 
ford Ola Bank Ltd v Sutcliffe 
([1918] 2 KB 833). 

Nevertheless., it was phys- 
ically impossible in most cases 
for a person to keep the money 
required to discharge the debt 
about his person. The debtor 
was therefore not in default in 
making the payment demanded 
unless and until he had had a 
reasonable opportunity of im- 
plementing whatever reasonable 
mechanics of payment he might 
need to employ 

Of course, that was limited to 

the time necessary for the 
mechanics of payment. It did 
not extend to any time to raise 
the money if it was not there 

In these daysofTelex. facsim- 
ile transmission and other meth- 
ods of communication and 
transfer of money, the time 
required was exceptionally 

Therefore, in a case such as 
the present where no question 
as to the authenticity of the 
actual demand itself, which 

Jinimy Melia. who led Brigh- 
ton to the 1983 FA Cup Final, is 
back on the English scene: He 
was appointed manager of 
Stockport County yesterday. 
Liverpool-born Melia has spent 
the last three seasons in Por- 
tugal He takes over from. Les 
Chapman, who succeeded Colin 
Murphy Inst November at the 
fourth division dub. 

• John Docherty is to be die 
new manager of the second 
division club, Mifiwall. He has 
resigned as assistant manager of 
BrentfortLand is expected to 
start work at Cold Blow Lane in 
time for the start of pre-season 

training next week. He will 
succeed George Graham, who 
left to take over at Arsenal 

• Glasgow Rangers have an- 
nounced commercial plans 
aimed at bringing in £1 million 
next, season. A new quality 
restaurant will cater For up to 
240 guests each match day. 
Rangers are also creating a 
commercial centre at the sta- 
dium for use by companies 
every day of the week. 


might require another telephone 
call, came into question, the 
time allowed by the bank to the 
companies was in both cases 
amply sufficient. 

As to costs, the terms of the 
guarantee staled that the guar- 
antor would pay to the bank on 
demand all moneys due and “all 
costs charges and expenses 
which you may incur in enforc- 
ing or obtaining payment of the 
sums of money due to you from 
the principal ... or attempting 
so to do”. 

Mr Higham submitted that 
those words covered any legal 
costs that the bank might incur 
and asked for costs on an 
indemnity basis rather than the 
normal partv-and-party basis. 

Mr Moncaster argued that 
such a construction ousted the 
discretion of the court on costs, 
alternatively clearer words were 
needed to be effective. 

His Lordship said that it was 
noi possible for the bank to 
exclude the discretion of the 
court The contractual position 
was that the parlies had agreed 
that tiie costs of enforcing 
payment of the debt (and what 
way of enforcing payment was 
(here other (han litigation?) 
should be paid by the guarantor 
on an indemnity basis. 

The court could overlook that 
contractual position, thereby 
maintaining its discretion, but 
in the present case the defen- 
dants had persisted in utterly 
unreasonable defences, particu- 
larly one that there were alter- 
native finances available, and 
the bank had been put to totally 
unnecessary expense 

Therefore, basing himseirfirst 
on the express terms of the 
guarantee and second on the 
conduct of the defendants (but 
noi their legal advisers) his 
Lordship awarded costs on an 
indemnity basis. 

Solicitors: Isadora Goldman 
& Son: Barlow Lydc & Gilbert: 
Thompson & Co: David Goble 
& Co. 


KUALA LUMPUR: IWxywn Open cfearapt- 
MWi MWfltax jH Uj a tani I-—- 
Swjano (into) n H SeJamar. 


ROCKHAMPTON, Qonmstmut Tour i 
Queensland Couary 6, Argentina 41. 



Batting England Test batting 


QuaMcation: 8 rnmngs, 45 average 

I NO Rum HS 

A I Kaftcharran 
J DBircfi 
J jwrmakar 
RJ Hadlee 
J Abrahams 

W KM Benjamin 
G A Hick 
K M Curran 
J E Morns 
A fl Border 
CEB Acs 
H H FajftjrWher 
A J Lamb 
M P Maynard 
RJ Bailey 
J W Lloyds 
K Sharp 
C Maynard 
G Boycott 
signifies noi out 

M W Getting 
G A Gooch 
D I Gower 
A J Lamb 
JE Emburey 
PH Edmonds 
BN French 










1 01 






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- 39 














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19: N A Fostar-17-0; N V RattfonMM: J K La*er-0*-0; * agrafes 

England Test bowling 


Oiuhticatton: is mctoits. 23 average 

O M Buns 

□ R Pringle 
N A Foster 
N v Radford 














•- 7 






















Salary in lieu of notice not to be deducted 

Addison v Babcock FATA Ltd 
Before Mr Justice Popplewcll. 
Mr T. G. P. Robers and Mr W. 

[Judgment given July 7] 

An employee awarded 
compensation for unfair dis- 
missal in accordance with sec- 
tion 74(1) of the Employment 

Protection (Consolidation) Act 
1978. was not 'required to give 
credit for any payment of salary 
in lieu of notice which he had 
received from his employers. 

The decision of the appeal 
tribunal in Scotland in Finnic v 
Top Hal Frozen Foods ([1985] 
ICR 433) was to be preferred lo 
that in TBA Industrial Products 
Lid y Locke ([1984] ICR 228) 
where it was held that a payment 
in lieu of notice should be set off 
against a compensatory award. 

The Employment Appeal Tri- 
bunal allowed an appeal by Mr 
Malcolm Addison from a de- 
cision of a Bedford industrial 
tribunal last September award- 
ing him £3,457 compensation 
for unfair dismissal against the 
employers, Babcock FATA Ltd. 

Section 74(1) of the 1978 Act 

"(I)... the amount of the 
compensatory award shall be 
such amount as the tribunal 
considers just and equitable in 
all the circumstances having 
regard to the loss sustained by 
the complainant in consequence 

of the dismissal in so for as that 
loss is attributable to action 
taken by the employer." 

Mr Andrew Hogarth for the 
employee: Mr David Pannick 
for the employers. 


POPPLEWELL said that the 
employee was unfairly dis- 
missed on July 20. 1984 and 
remained unemployed until 
January 7. 1485. When he was 
dismissed the employee was 
paid a sum in lieu o’f notice 
which the industrial tribunal 
had deducted from the compen- 
sator.' award. 

In TBA Industrial Products 
the appeal tribunal held that an 
employee had to give credit for 
salary in lieu of notice. Bui in 

Finnic Lord McDonald held 
that a payment of wages in lieu 
of notice ought not to be set off. 

The appeal tribunal were 
faced with what appeared to be 
two conflicting decisions. 

The toy members agreed with 
the views expressed in Finnic's 
case. They took the view that it 
was in the interest both of 
employer and employee that 
where 'the relationship had bro- 
ken down, the sooner the em- 
ployee was ofT the premises, the 
greater benefit to all concerned. 

Thai could be achieved not by 
the employee working out his 
notice but by paying him lo 
leave. Accordingly, it seemed 
that the decision in Finnic 
should be followed rather than 
what was said in the TBA case. 

The phrase "just and 
equitable” in section 74 had to 
be looked at in the light of good 
industrial practice. Ftnnie’s case 
accorded with good industrial 

Further, comity required that 
similar principles should be 
adopted both in the English and 
Scottish divisions of the appeal 
tribunal and in the sphere or 
industrial relations it was more 
important that the law should be 
clear than clever. 

The amount of the wages in 
lieu of notice should be added to 
the award of compensation. The 
appeal would be allowed and 
leave to appeal granted. 

Solicitors: L. Bingham & Co: 
Mr T.RJohnson. Westminster. 

I. RJ Hates 

3. U0 Marsha? 

4. TM Alderman 

5. Imran Khan 

6. C A Wath 

7. M A Hotting 
B. DR Prmgta 

9. PM Such 

10. J H Chikfc 

II. M Jsan-Jac- 

12. AH Gray 

13. K E Cooper 

14. T D Topfey 

15. J K Levfir 

16. J Garner 

17. B P Patterson 
18 N Gifford 

19. J E Emburey 

20. G C Smat 
2i DA Reeve 

22. NG Cou/tay 

23. NG Cowans 

24. p W Jarvis 

QteOn-35-1 1-80-1; M W Gattng-2-O-KW) 

78. 590 42 

45 367 24 

92 805 51 

62 929 58 

37 ASB 27 

113 1050 61 

62 488 26 

80 687 36 

44 291 15 

106 746 38 


By David Hands 
Rugby Correspondent 

Tomorrow's annual meeting 
of the Rigby Football Union 
will receive the formal presen ia- 
• tion of die proposed . English 
dub championship. Though nqt 
without blemish, jl is antici- 
pated that the championship, 
due for implementation 
1987-88. will receive-automatic 
assent, thereby avoiding the foie 
of some competitions' sub- 
committee proposals of recent 
years. :-i 

Since 19Sl_and the Burgess 
Report, - the-’ climate towards 
leagues in English rugby hqs 
changed. The new champion- 
ship proposes three national 
divisions; supported by area and 
divisional leagues, ‘with feeder 
leagues as required, in different 
parts of the country/ Bill Bishop, 
chairman, of the competitions’ 
committee, said: “I want to 
express to the AGM some of the 
thinking behind the schema 
The vast majority of-commehis 
I have received have been 
favourable.” - 

There wifi be a -1 spedaPfoU 
committee meeting shortly to 
discuss comments and sugges- 
tions arising out of tomorrow's 
meeting, ana ihe many tawyera 
on. tiie RFU .committee will 
work' over thedraft regulations 
of ihe new championship. ; 

Among comments already re- 
ceived are those, of Kent: their 
'committee, has come up with -a 
well-rounded document which 
springs from their opposition^ 
.last year's annual meeting to the 
imposition of a divisional 
championship on top of ot&r 
playing demands. They also 
believe that. . if the quality ' of 
English intefnalionaT rugby is,io 
be improved, it must stem from 
the dub structure rather than 
purely a divisional competition. 

Ken tare at variance with the 
RFU. sensibly in my view, in 
that they -would like to see all 
national division games played 
in the first half of the- season, 
rather than seven in the first b$lf 
and four in the second, which is 
being proposed. That . would 
leave time for traditional fix- 
tures and would be built into the 
intermediary representative 
programme. - 

Kent would like to -see the 
divisional championship ! apd 
county championship, prelimi- 
nary rounds played together ‘oh 
concurrent Saturdays in Decem- 
ber. This, they believe, would 
offer more players the chahccof 
recognition, reduce demands on 
leading players, and reduce the 
number of Saturdays when 
representative calls interfere 
with club games. 

They go on ' to suggest the 
county championship should be 
concluded in January, and that 
die John Player Special Cup 
should be played, in its entirety, 
between January 1 and April 30. 
To that end. they urge that the 
Five Nations Championship 
should begin in February, both 
for domestic reasons and to 
avoid the bad weather January 
often brings to the international 
series. It is fair to say England 
have tried to do this in- the past, 
without conspicuous success. 

Kent, runners-up in the 
county championship last sea- 
son. would also like to see the 
national divisions run from 
Twickenham rather than allow- 
ing the three divisions to have 
their own 'organizing commit- 
tees which could create the 
potential for a split. Beneath 
that, they envisage divisional 
leagues being organized byihe 
divisions themselves. 


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*WlB S-* 1 Mr |-. A V.* 

SPSS:::-' - * ■ 

T-i ;■ 

ei ®n»wiAsa 

Newmarket sc 

itaafci .i"'T 

‘GtoPai 4.i-;i 


^.'s,n" , J l s ? ra « SILVER 

4 .-. 

Indian Test batting 

l NO Runs H3 Avga 

Meaning of seven days’ notice 

f Kneels Lid the employee. Mrs Julie West, qualifying period. If the notice 

■ - 1 * " *■- ™ *- started ine following day. she 

West t Kneels Lid 
Seven days’ notice of dis- 
missal meant seven days exclu- 
sive of a day on which work had 5, 
been done, so that an employee 
orally dismissed with one 
week's notice could count the 
day after she was told to leave a$ 
the first day of her notice. 

from a decision of a Plymouth 
industrial Tribunal Iasi October 

industrial tribunal last October 
dismissing her claim of unfair 
dismissal against the employers. 
Kneels Lid. 

Mr Justice Popplewell. sitting 
in the Employment Appeal Tri- 
bunal with Mr G. A. Peers and 
Mr H. Robson, so held on July. 
S. when fHowing an appeal by 

HIS LORDSHIP said that the 
industrial tribunal had held that 
she had not been employed for 
the qualifying period of one 

If ihe week's notice com- 
menced on the day it was given 
she would not have a sufficient 

started ine following day. she 

The lay members of the 
appeal tribunal felt that in 
industry oral notice given on a 
working day did not normally 
include the day on which it was 

It accorded with good indus- 
trial practice to say that in the 
case of oral notice seven days* 
notice meant seven days exclu- 
sive of a day where work was 

1. E J Cnatfwk) 

2. J G Brace*** 

3. E JGray 

4. w Watson 

5 D A Slirfeng 
6. SSarrett 

Also bowled: M D QW6-MU. 





r.t, h 

Green Desert should 

relish return to 

sprinting in July Cup 



■KJ- t;-.! ,-L- 



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, *•' V - . 

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■iv* • - . 
■ • ; 

r *' V 

?•» . •-. 


By Maudariu (Michael Phillips) 

irate? lriS®ha“ "S S ^ m him w!lenever 

.spnntmg at Newmarket today 
«nd win the Norcros July Cun 
ml .owner, Maktoum A! 

Njakioum, trainer. Michael 
igtoute. and jockey. Waiter 
wtnbum. ‘ 

. 1 am not perturbed that his 
race was the Si James's 
'Palace Stakes over a mile at 
Ascot. Both Thatch and 
"Chief Singer contested that 
rac ® ww coming to New- 
■ market. But whemas they were 
both successful at Ascot, 

,preen Desert could finish 
only serond, again giving the 
.impression that a mile was 
^hsl beyond his range and that 
ra- return to sprinting would be 

In the 2,000 Guineas, which 
• was run at a leisurely pace 
. parly on. Green Desert was the 
.only one to make a race of it 
.with Dancing Brave and we 
: are only too well aware of his 
^capabilities now. 

.'Confidence in Green 
"Desert’s ability to win this 
afternoon is increased by re- 
; Jerri ng to the Free Handicap 
run over seven furlongs of the 
T. Rowley Mile course in April. 

-On ground that was softer 

- than he cares for. Green 
•-Desert gave 101b and a length 
"beating to Sperry, who just 
£ rii an aged to get the better of 
\Cyrano De Bergerac in that 
.desperate finish for the Cork 
-and Orrery Stakes at Royal 

While conceding that Cyra- 
. no De Bergerac is likely to 
■ have improved since then as 
• (hat was his first race of the 
1 .season, he still has quite a bit 
‘ to find on the book if he is to 
;.beat Green Desert, who won 
the July Stakes over today’s 
„ course and distance 12 

- months ago. 

Pat Eddery would have 
-been on Cyrano De Bergerac 
-'even if Double Schwartz had 
been in the field because he 

posable before the season 
even began; and he is a man 
who abides by his word. 
Eddery was not on him at 
Ascot simply because he could 
not make the requisite weight 
Double Schwartz’s late de- 
fection. caused by a slight 
hiccup in training, means that 
only Last Tycoon and 
Gwydion are left to uphold the 
form of the King's Stand 
Stakes. All of Last Tycoon's 
six wins have been achieved 
over five furlongs so he re- 
mains something of an un- 
known quantity over today's 
distance whereas Green 

Course specialists 


TRAWBIS: H Cec* B9 winner* from 331 
nxirnrs. 26.9%; M Stouts 52 from 331. 
15.7%; PMsfan 6 from 39,15.4%. 
JOCKEYS: S Outtefl 75 winners from 
509 rides, 14.7%: S Dawson 9 from 67. 
13.4%; Pst Eddery fit from 457. 1X3%. 


TRAINERS: L Cumani 9 simneis Horn 15 
runners. 600% M Stouts 10 from 31. 
3<L3%T Barron 12 from 62. 19.4% 
JOCKEYS: M Birch 23 winnere from 198 
■Vies, 11. 6% E Guest 8 from 52, 11 .5% D 
Nfctxtfs 17 from 162. 105% 

Desert has proved that he gets 
the trip. 

Nevertheless Robert Collet 
would not have undertaken 
this trip from France unless he 
was sure that Last Tycoon 
would last home. Whatever 
else happens, he should still 
manage to beat Gwydion 
again as she has 2 % lengths to 
make up. 

Stoute and Swinburn are 
also hopeful that Classic Tale 
will run well on his debut in 
the EBF Fulbourn Maiden 
Stakes. Being by Blushing 
Groom out of a good mare by 
Roberto, he certainly has a 
classy pedigree. But in this 
instance I prefer BeUottn, a 
$700,000 Mr Prospector 
colLwho is the subject of 
persistently glowing reports. 

Other interesting newcom- 

ers here include Farfurr and 
Hendeka. who are both by 
Shccky Greene. Farfurr being 
very closely related indeed to 
that crack miler Green Forest, 
whose first crop includes the 
fast two-year-old filly. Forest 

Followers of the Ceril- 
Cauthen camp will be banking 
upon Kudz carrying his War- 
wick penally successfully in 
the H & K Commissions 
Silver Jubilee Handicap. But t 
cannot help wondering wheth- 
er he will manage to give as 
much as 101b to Actinium, 
who has already won once 
over today's exacting course 
and distance this season. 

Actinium Jater failed by 1 % 
lengths to give Knights Leg- 
end 51b at Sandown. With 
Knights Legend then finishing 
a highly creditable second in 
the Queen’s Vase at Royal 
Ascot, Actinium’s form has a 
respectable look about iL 

Richard Quinn, his able 
young jockey, who was seen to 
such good effect again on 
Patriach on Tuesday, also has 
a good chance of winning the 
Addison Tools Handicap on 
Resourceful Falcon, who fol- 
lowed two good efforts in 
similar races at York and 
Haydock with a highly com- 
mendable performance in the 
Jersey Slakes at Royal Ascot, 
even though he was unplaced 

The feeling remains, 
though, that the handicapper 
has collared Resourceful Fal- 
con so I am happy to take a 
chance with Chief Pah in the 
belief that this lightly-raced 
colt, who was runner-up to 
Orban at Nottingham, is on a 
much more handy marie. 

Royal Loft, another in that 
category, is taken to win the 
Bahrain Trophy. I thought 
that there was much to admire 
about the way that she chased 
the smart Vianora home at 
Ascot oo her seasonal debuL 

Sonic Lady proves mo strong for her rivals in the dosing stages of yesterday’s Child Stakes at Newmarket 

Stoute double-handed for Ascot 

By Michael Seely 

The Aga Khan and Michael 
Stoute plan to fanoch a tiro- 
pronged assault on the King 
George VT and Qneeu Elizabeth 
Diamond Stakes at Ascot on 
July 26. Explaining then- de- 
cision to take on Dancing Brave 
with both Shahrastanl and 
Shardari, the Newmarket 
trainer said yesterday: 
“Shardari is improving all the 
time and has earned the right to 
run. Pat Eddery will ride the 
foar-year old and Walter 
Swinbnrn will of course be on 
ShahrastanL The only proviso is 
that Shahnutani might be with- 
drawn if the ground were to 
become too 600." 

The derision to aim both the 
winner of the English and Irish 
Derbys and Shardari at 
Britain's most important all- 
aged race is hardly surprising. 
The King George and the Pm; 
de 1'Arc de Tnomphe are the 
only group one races ran over a 
mile and a half of any con- 
sequence doling the remainder 
of the season, so the plan to 
mount as powerful an attack as 
possible is logical. 

Other news concerning the big 
race came from Dick Hern, who 
said that last year's winner, 
Petoslu, would still take his 
chance. Speaking from his home 
io West Ilsley after winning the 
opening Cecil Boyd-Rochfort 
Stakes with Canadian M2U, the 
Royal trainer said: “I have to be 
very disappointed with PetosJcTs 
third to Shardari on Tuesday, 
particularly as he was goiag so 
well when taking op tbe rnaning. 
Bat one swallow does oot make a 
summer and be is still entitled to 
go to Ascot.” 

Stonte's golden season contin- 
oed when Sonic Lady added the 
Child Stakes to the laurels she 
has already won this season in 
the Irish 1,000 Guineas and the 
Coronation Stakes at Ascot. 
Surprisingly, Stoute has only 
won 25 races at home this 
season, hot these include 24 
group and listed events. And if 
he continues to captive (he 
major prizes at this rate, the 
trainer's earnings conld well top 
£2 million by the end of the 


After going to the front two 
Furlongs from home. Sonic Lady 
had to fight quite hard to ward of 

the attention of the Epsom 
i WM>fS winner, Dusty Dollar. 
However, she was striding out 
with zest at the finish and if was 
some time before Swinbnrn 
could poll up Sheikh 
Mohammed's filly. 

“Walter said she was more 
relaxed today than ever before,** 
Stoute said afterwards.- "And 
she's always inclined to idle 
when to front. However, the add 
test win come when she takes on 
the colts and older horses in the 
Sussex Stakes at Goodwood.” 

The major surprise of tbe 
afternoon came when Cash 
Asmussea rode Mansooj to a 25- 
1 triumph for Neville Callaghan 
ia the Anglia Television July 
Stakes. S win burn was dislodged 
and banged his right knee when 
Whippet veered up in the stalls 
before the race but the pair were 
reunited and took part in the 
contest. Willie Carson and Who 
Knows threw out a determined 
Challenge in the last furlong, hot 
Mansooj held on gamely to win 
by a length. 

After winning at Newmarket 
in May, Mansooj had dis- 
appointed Callaghan when 

finishing unplaced behind Cut- 
ting Blade in the Coventry 
Stakes at Royal Ascot, “I don't 
know what went wrong there as I 
landed him a lot,” the trainer 
said. “I suppose that either the 
Heinz 57 Stakes in Ireland or 
tbe Richmond Stakes at 
Goodwood are now possibilities 
but the colt needs a bit of cut in 
the ground.” 

With the Keeneland July sale 
under a fortnight away, the 
Maktoum brothers of Dubai 
received encouragement ibr their 
f ut ur e purchases when Sa bailie, 
a $310,000 buy in tbe States last 
season, won the Bernard Van 
Cutsem Stakes at tbe first time 
of asking for Sheikh Moham- 
med, Henry Cecil and Steve 

This result most have given 
Cecil great relief as the stroagty- 
fancied Martha Stevens had 
been left at tbe start in the 
opener and Twyla had dis- 
appointed behind Forest Flower 
in Tuesday's Cherry Hinton 
Stokes. “I thinks lot of this colt 
and be did it nicety,** the five- 
times champion trainer said. 
“But basically he needs n longer 
distance and softer going.” 


3 - . . .*• 

-■ *<. 

5." - . 

•C\. .1’. » 

? • :-V-‘ -- 

Oil = 


. Televised: 2^5, 3.10, 140, 4.10 
Going: good to Ann 
Draw: no advantage 
2.0 ELLESMERE SELLING STAKES (2-Y-O: £3,345: 71) (16 runners) 

- r 107 

- Ill 

*• 112 

- 113 
' .116 
\ 118 
■ 120 

2nd to Doubt* Schwartz 

ran}. GREEN 

at Smtown (H. £19170. good. I 

Paid bahtnaSpanylBOl at Ascot (St.CI 

a snort ho*d wftn gwyd&i 

I out wt»n 21 2nd to Sura Bade (9-0) st Ascot 
, Good to soft 

I”, asasag sia^ii 

002 BAUANTRAElCCcrattmd 
0 BUNCHES (T urner &1 


etc jostesutTHp^^Mte^ 

bob UGHTWNG UtHW (N Mwden 

imiaax ffiSw 

00 STjgtMUYauraijiid 


A McGtone7 

M FattMOtanGodfay 


, . . — ache, 5- . _ 
jsfrnora. 10-1 Flair Par*. 12-1 Joate Swift. 14-1 

26. 10 ran). 

SO. Fton. June 19. 10 

(9-0) weakened _ _ 

(8-11) II ffl Newmarket (i 

aat Double Schwartz (9-3 

(8-6) 2Yii back in 3rd. Ascot (&. £55060, Firm, June 20, 1 
Setocftm: LAST TYCOON 

3.40 ADDISON TOOLS HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £12,817: 1m) (15) 

_ T NM 10 

_ __ TCMm9 

404 40-3031 BRIGHT AS M8HT (USA). , ... 

405 123-110 ELNAWAAOI (USA) (Harman Al MaMoarQ n Thomson Jonra 8-1 3 

A Matey 15 

S-1 3 P Cook 5 

8-12 PRobtaMfl 12 

00-21 ONE TO MARKjP) (B M Pr ^ QC 7-7 (<6X). 

« a xsmian.*f iKE” 0 

, tmU 

FORK PANACHE (M) coratotobto 1VH ^Wirtrom 
-SMTIH 1W back in 5ft at Uhemar (Sfr. ggo. ftw. 

, J JOS1E SWTH beat An*woog8.(6^4) at gaft JK, 

BALLEHTRAE fS-fl) 41 2nd to Good Time GW (8-8) at Brtgmon ffl. E1TOZ, 

' jur»2a8ran|iWA«PARK^8)»l2ndtoN«tvQrtff(8^«atNawca8tlB 

•(8-8) beat PerWwjd* Beta (Bffla Wwrt toad 


, . Sa Wcbom LIGNTN1NQ LASB1 

Newmarket selections 

- “• By Mandarin 

2.0 St Johns Bay. 2.35 Actinium. 3.10 GREEN DESERT (nap). 
_ -3.40 Chief PaL 4.10 Royal Loft. 4.45 BeHono. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0 Panache. 2.35 Kudz. 3. 1 0 Green Desert. 3.40 Native Oak. 4.10 
' -J?oyai Loft 4.45 Hendeka. 

By Michael Seely 

.3. 1 0 GREEN DESERT ( nap). 3.40 Aventino. 4.10 Royal Loft. 


■> £5,169: 1m 6f 171yd) (6) 

1 1 1 

■ in js sagaws 

11-8 Actinium, 7-2 Zaubarr. 4-1 Kudz, 6-1 On Tenterhooks. 10-1 Comma L Etofle. 

“ 1 c- rtinrr 7A^ to* n B 

■ 3.10 NORCBOS JULY CUP (GroupJ: ^ , ^ 1 


04-0000 FEN1UNDHAV 

4-1 Awmtoa US vague Shot Nmmj Oak. 6-1 NUa ^ Mmipn. 

Bnewaagl. 10-1 RrigM AsKlgtt. 12-1 Ctoat Pel. 14-1 One To Made. 16-1 OOiars, 

FORK NATIVE OAK (8-11) mode Nl to baft Gaomn Rivaf (8-0)31 at Goodwood (7f. 

Pacific Baam ft-7). w jft JO Sg e2998. Good. June 9. 9 ran). RESOURCEFUL FALCON (£2) cradftabie 7»l 8ft to 

n 702. pood tofirrn, .vi) wefl behind. Haydock (1m. El 7220. good to soft. May 24. 13 ran). BJIAWAAOI lo>- 
Nawcwie (5f), prevtousiy piacad at YoA behmd Gouamra Garwrat aarler (9-7) ran on wal to bMt Panrorach 
jb-riUSi^Shaftnt GvS(7.i2)%iatsaina course (6(,C3K0. good to soft May 15, 9 nrnL 
may. JETMORE (8-l1) 2 W io) hannerad when beating Kedran (9-7)3 W at Haydock (7t. C42S3. 

rap. toGHT OUT PSWAPS 4ft to OWm al Ascot prBvfeu3» (9-3) t 


.good, June 6. 10 

nravioiafrr M beat KNVF (8-69 ■ 
to aoh. May 7| 8 ran). MNSTTUPE (M) out a 

at SandownJTf. C&92. good. July 5. 8 ran). 
^-7) 1H» at Sandown (im. 

ran). L - _ _ 

short head at Cheater (1 m. £3841 . ( 
decisive 41 winner from Tetwaan 
A VENTWO (5-5) cams late to beat 
E8992. goodto tom. J*4y 4, 9 ran). 


4.10 BAHRAIN TROPHY (Handicap: ^Y-0 fflltea: E8.025: 7f) (12) 

SOI 411 t-M mmwrSFAVOURfTEfR Mora OFerofJJ Dunlop 9-7. WCaraon5 

503 29-0020 N0RMANBY LASS CT (Nornantw Stud lift PUWwwi9i _ PaWEitowy 3 

505 01M GREY WALLS (BF) IS? P Oppennrtnefl Gwiagg M SCaeftenll 

S0G 1-2 ROVAL LOFT (Mrs pftayanwJarvte 8-11 RCOtoraee* 

507 304-00 BASOOf (USA) (MaidournAl Maktoum) MSiouta 8-11 — WRSweftumlO 

508 31-1030 AUBROSWI (USA) (A Krtshnan) M Jands 89 Threal 

| (A Kriahnan) M Jarvis 8- 
i (iks K LMnastone) P Mi 
(h Lawman) ft Candy 84 



. I lurcher) L 

C Flacttar) W Hast 

0*31-3 CAFE NOR (D Joteon) R J VrtfaraB 7- 

CBrittanB-1 — Dto*Gto»on(7)4 

7-t2 P ttafateUZ 

7-11 BOoeNey 6 


302 124120 ( WEYDF SWE L : 

) 3^-11 . __ _ 

1/ HgdlnftLfttt W1 

io ot ^ Pel Eddery* 

'■ , 307 10-0111 lAS Ttvc oofi semw 5 

-- ' Desire. 

7-2 Royal Loft. 92 Cteota. 112 Gram Dflanana. 6-1 Cafe Noir. 8-1 Grey Wals. 
BasooH 10- 1 Mummy's FawuntB. Caribbean Sound. 12-1 often. 

FORM: MUMUrS FAVOURITE won ttm tines over 6f at the end o» feateeason. On her 
la»st start (9-2) was 31M *tti ® Goiremor General (8-12) and Sew HWif7-7) who daad- 
hemsd at Yorit (». £12291 . good to firm. June 1 4. 12 ran). ROYAL LOFTJ99) W 2nd to 
Vianora (9Z) wto) HORMAfOVLASS (912) back In 7«h at Ascot (1m. E7340. firm. June 
21. 12 ran). A>mROS*N> (9-4) BtotoSoto Style (8^)alLae»aiBr r7ft previously 

2«jm Bruiser B-7) et Epsom (71. E4370. good. Juno 5. 15 ran). GREAT D flFMMA (8-1 71 
1541 2nd to Bated Rosa ^-11) at Safeouv (71, £1447. Ann. June 26. 16 ran). INDIAN 
to Mftacer (7Q at 
-12) 6141 3rd to (3or- 
^^^^Bngfrton (Tm, £2585. good to soft. Apr 10. 5 ran). 

4.45 EBF FULBOURN MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-O: C & G: £4.454: 6 f) 










: AtxSJfia)J Tree 9-0- 



CLASSIC TALE ^rakh Mohammed) M Stouw 9-0. 
CROWN JUST** flt Ai-Sakfi H Catogtwn 
FARHIRR (USA) (HandanAl Maktoum) PWatoyn 9-0- 

*1 Land! J Ehoifcn 9-0 - 


GJLBERTO (Mrs M LandO J Duntop 9-0 

GOOOWOOOPMK(US4>(M BffnafL PtogottSD, 
teCEKA AM) (Sheikh Moh«med)H CaciM- 


— PeiEddwy 7 

— GSfednyl 
_ Peal Eddery 6 

— WCaaond 
_ BCnmatoylO 

— S Carthen 14 
T H«»5 

JUST A Fume* (G Wteon) M Jarvis M 
Lam PATRICK (Didos at DMnslfel J Toler 92 
0 NON BALZAR (Cawftorne Investments Ltd) A Bafley 



WuSl»!^fe^Ta^PnWortKtonton92 GDuHWdlS 

2-1 Hendeka. 72 CtessJcTale, 4-1 Musical Beto, 6-1 Naftra Pawn. 8-1 GBbeno, 
18-1 BeSotto, 12-1 others. 

W Sole) M Ryan 9-0 

, „:Tf? 

First acceptors 


*J - ■ 

D,an> OnW. CWgUOJJS *£2” (japea. 

R^'antl. GreenDeMri,^^ 8 ^: 

. Hwaigaw&.' gS B’ 


Maiestxaa^. Otafian. rw 
cuts Rhrei 


„ -b- - 



£150 . £1M - 275 • 850 


^»t^7 598B 
1234 (C.0 

Newmarket results 

Going: Good 

U0m 1. CRNNMN 2. UfeMTi (W R Swinburn, 14-lfc , 3j 

Lada's Magic (C Amusaen. 132?. ALSO 

Intfi. 10 Hunt BaH. 20 Raw Jw, 25 Reel 
Keen Note. 33 Lora s G «« 

50 a Slemo. Color Mot 

son vKtaam 

imin 12.40SBC. 

easrml SUHMJJffSCailltwn.^ 


4j*5flm 2ft 1. CELESTIAL STOm m 
Guest. 14-Tt 2. Veritable (T watems, S3- 
1): 3. MBeCs Duwffi Cauften. 11-10 fav). 
ALSO: 8 Boon PomL 9 Sattefectton. 10 
Haboob Balance (6ft). Be De Roi. 14-1 

Picea (5ft). 16 Festival City. 20 Mirage 
Dancer (4ft), 25 Utfeab. Proownader, 
Sahraan. Shakana. 33 Ctaer. Comanzant, 
Moonstruck. Reno Rapn. Step In Time, 
Tudorfo. Doan Loch. Scatiet Dancer, 
Tonqtin. 23 nm. 21, 3L M, 2KI. U. L 
Cumani at Newmark e t Tote S34.40; 
£5,90, £1730. £1.70. Oft Z1A1Z3Q. CSft 
£401 .69. 2mto SSOsac. 

cufcsw. 16-1). ALSO RAN: 7-4 lav 
tare " 


Whitworth. 3-1 tMh 3. Denting Barrow (G 
Baxter. 8-1) ALSO RAN: 4 Rhein Corat S 
Gentle Stream (5 th), 152 Jabaraba (4ft), 
12 Lady KUane (6th), Mount Argus. 25 
AiWta's Apple, 33 HaSowed. Rata 

SMtasn. Tote £8.10: £1-90, £1-50. £24U. 
DF: £11 00. CSF: £4092.Tricsst £28255. 
After an objection by the second, end a 
steward's inquiry, me rasuft renamed 

i50 (0) t. THE HAGUE (0 NfcftOfe. 
Brens lav); 2. 

4);% Menzfea . 
ran. 2SI. 30L Ifiss . _ . 

Tote: 21.50. DF: £220. CSF: £322. 

RANrFintote'(SftL7BtorGen i ai.14 
S^^papwtftase 33 itoftroofce 
Sutton (6ft)- 8 ran. 1 HlS. ttkijf. 8- N 

SSflC CTJ0- OF: £7.4a CSR E1Q.61. 

1. MANSOOJ (C AsrtWWn. 

"ws«pia ,, ai5 


41- N M rn Firm nF: 


25-tfel ... 

,1. i...~,anno. w. 

nm a Li iiWSHUU 

SMtobum. . ll-'fc * 

Western Dancer 11-2 Odd Taw 
(Sfti Binds Pulse; 2S Aft Is Revealed (6ftt 
to T0UCMZ La Dels. 8 ran. rn 1%l Vt 
1»L 15L W Jarvis at Newmarket Tote 
£6- 1ft £1,90. £1.40. f?00. Oft £4.10. 
CSF: 22434. 3mins «l97sea 
Jackpot not wen, Pfeceperi 0 830 


Goinff good to firm 
2.15 (in i) 1, 7R0PJC0 fG fiench, S-lfc 
2, Pdbam ms (G King. 92 fey): 3. BoM 
Borderer (N Adams. 16-1 S 4, JOteatan 
Boy (M SWi, 5-1). ALSO RAft 5 Bakera 

^wonge. Miss Jade. lyrnM. Monaialton. 
Usaii*. Strombara (5ft). 17 ran. aft «, 
%L hd. II. hd. P rafte at Newnufrat 
TOIK £320: £120. £1.80. £2.90. £120. 
DF: £10.70. CSF: £28.43. Tricast £312.72. 

2 . 

HaOey's . .. 

RAN; 92 Gtemgram For Grams (4ft) 5 
First A»enue. 7 Just One More (5ft), 20 
Little Sac (Stft;. RaMrM County. Sw 
Tower- 9 ran. 21, IttL 1141. ftL 

Armstrong at N ow ma r ke t Tata: £&3Q: 
£1S0. £120,. £1.ia DF: £4.7a CSF: 

Fry, 11-2); 2, Jteana (T Lucas, 12-1): 3. 
Oor Cti&Bn (N Carole. 25-11 ALSO 
RAN: 7-4 lav Ctautaugua (4th). 10 Artfent 

fESpaar" 1 ’ 

Aduafizattors (4ft), 7 Oasa 
Queen (5ft), 50 Cheran W, Eastern 
Player rah). Royal Berks, Ctewtand 
M. Gem Qt Goto. Mtes 
Stamm. CheaL Rcifistyte- 14 ran. ¥L a. 
2 si. 2L G BMtfina at Weywa. Tota: 

HOD; ZLXL £120. S20. Oft £2820. 
CSF: £3126. 

, - 3.15 (1m 41 52yd) 1. BOM DART M 
'Adans, 11-1): 2. AaMagten Grow (S 

Partner, Lett Right (5ft), Norftem Lad 
ffift), Pandor Dancer. Restless Iftapwdy. 
S Choristers Dream. Jacqu Joy.Bhn 
Fantasy. 12 ran. 4). «. »L ifc 1UP 
f 5§SB It Melon Mowbray. Tote t&Kfc 
EZOOT £3.10, £7.50. DF: F&iAO. CSF: 
£S1SZ. TncaeC £1345-63. 

PlacepoC E144J0 

• Hywel Davies, the National 
Hum jockey is to be made a 
bard at next month's 
Eisteddford. Davies, from 
Cardigan, has ridden almost 500 

Blinkered first time 

CATTERICK: 2.15 Cocked Hat Supreme. 
2.45 Eurocon. 320 Surttnatten. 3& The 
BrazSaa <55 Fauve. Manabot, OwTs 


Going: firm 

Drawn low numbers best 

2.15 OLD OAK HANDICAP (£1,289: 1m 7f 180yd) (8 runners) 

3 000000 N0RTHBW RULER (R WNthgA H WNting 4-9-7 G Carter (3) B 

S 304044 COCKED HAT SUPRSE(B)^ocked Ha Farm) Mss S Hal 4-9-1 MBkchl 

anld 4-8-1 1 — _ — — M Roberts 5 
Hofeshaad 5-8-6 _ ACMom [7)4 

7 0000-00 TMURSGBT(B)»BwoniJ 

• DREAM (C-D) (D K8WKS1) 

9 00-0003 GHA7TFT IE UxXf) P Wa*i 

10 2-00000 DUKE OF DOLUS (1 

11 MHMOO THARALEOS (USA) (RWaacfvnaftFVitalson 6-8-1- — 

IS OOOOOO JUBCANT L4Dr (B) (Q (W Chapran) D Cfopman 5-7-13 4 Proud 2 

3-1 lUferlnars Dream. 7-2 Gratify. 5-1 Cocked Hat Storeme. 6-1 Northern RMar. 10- 
1 Times Gift. Duke Of Doifis, 12-1 Tharatooa, 16-1 jitofent Lady. 

J Lowe 7 

Catterick selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Gratify. 2.45 Lateral. 3.20 Chummy’s Own. 3.50 My Buddy. 
4.25 Great Exception. 4.55 Just A Bit. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.45 Oriental Jade. 3-20 Chummy's Own. 3.50 My Buddy. 4.25 

2.45 SILVER BIRCH SELLING STAKES (2-Y-O. El ,054: 5f) ( 8 ) 

M Britm*! 8-11 — 
D Chapman 8-11 . 

60(000 BOOTHAMLADflSytes) 

00 EUROCON«(WSiw^D Chapman 

20002 LA1ERAL(J Brown) JBwiy 8-11 

0 ORBITA L JADE (N Rigfl) 6 Mortfly>11 
04 PETEHTS BLUE (PRawson) Jimmy fitzge 
4223 BUN TO IVORK [G Ones) G Uoore 8-11 


001003 ROSE DUET (D)( 

8 - 11 . 

teste) W Storey 88- 
Greares) T Barron 8-8 

_ DWctioas4 


M torch 7 

_ M Roberts 3 



5-2 Lateral. 3-1 Rose Duet Run To Wortt. 11-2 Peter's Blue, 10-1 Bootham tad. 
12-1 Ks&e Curates. 16-1 oftara. 

180yd) (5) 

3 00-0341 MADISON GBL (A Zlvanarts) R WNtaker 9-1 1 (4ez) DHcKeaemS 

4 0-10201 CHWntrS OWN (C Gmenta) N CBtoghan9-6 (4ex) E3u*st(3)2 

6 00400* OGMUOeiO/AGtesslD Morte M- 

8 OtMlOO SUIRNUDENmjMraLCaleylJBhectnspohM _Mtoood1 

10 00-0003 HIDDEN MOVE (J Hurt) W Pearce 8-13 NCwwrt»4 

94 Hidden Move. 5-2 Matfcon Girl, 10830 Chummy's Own. 5-1 G G Magic. 20-1 

3^0 MAPLE LEAF MAIDEN AUCTION STAKES (2-Y-O: £684: 7f) (11) 

Potential of 
new gallop 

The possibility of racing 
continuing in adverse weather 

conditions moved a step nearer 

yesterday when the new nine- 

furlong all-weather gallop, 
which has been donated to 
Newmarket by Sheikh Haradan 

Al Maktoum, was opened on the 

Railway Land private ground 

(Michael Seely writes). 

Constructed of an entirely 
new material by En-iout-cas, 
this surface opens up exciting 
possibilities for winter racing. 

Genera! Sir Cecil Blacker, the 
chairman of the committee 
which has been inquiring into 

the possibility of all-weather 

tracks, said: “Sbowumpers 
have already been over five- foot 

fences at Stoneleigh on this 


“We’re looking forward to 
putting up a couple of hurdles 

on this gallop and seeing how 

horses jump them." 


replay is 

GsiaaCL Switzerland (AP) — 
Unseeded Milan. Srejber, of 
Czechoslovakia, fought back to 
oust Sweden's Joakim Nystrom 
2-6. 6-3. 6-2 in the first round of 
the Swiss Open tennis 

The surprise win by Srejber, 
who is. 38th in the ATP 
rankings, dashed the 23-year-old 
Swede's hopes fora repeat of last 
year’s victory at Gsiaad. 
Nystrom was seeded second this 

In second round action, there 
were easy victories for seeded 

S layers. Emilio Sanchez, of 
pain, and Mikael Pemfors. of 
Sweden. Another Swede, Jan 
Gunnarsson, triumphed over 
West Germany’s Andreas 
Maurer, who eliminated the 
fifth seed, Guy Foigei, of 
FiranCe. in the first round. 

In the last first-round game, 
Dutchman Mich id Schapcra de- 
feated the No. 7 seed. Heinz 
GurMhardL of Switzerland. 6-3, 
6-7. 6-3. 

MOTOR RACING: The reign- 
ing world sports car champions, 
Derek Beil and Hans Joachim 
Stuck, will team up with Klaus 
Ludwig as a late entry for tbe 
Shell Gemini 1,000 km at 
Brands Hatch on July 20. Bell 
and Stuck were not originally 
scheduled to contest the event, 
the fifth round of this year’s 
world championship, but have 
been released by their 
Rothmans Porsche factory team 
The trio will drive the pri- 
vately-entered Joest racing 
team's Porsche 956 


Airmen right 
on target 
at Bisley 

By Our Rifle Shooting 

Some of the technicians who 
keep the aircraft flying at East 
Anglian air bases have been 
keeping the bullets flying at 
Bisley. where three aircraft tech- 
nicians head tbe score lists as the 
RAF Queen’s Medal shoot pre- 
pares for the final on Friday. 

Corporal John Prictor, from 
Homgton, who finished third in 
last year's championships, look 
an early lead, then in the semi- 
final stage increased the leeway 
to finish the section with 333 
points. 20 more than his nearest 
rival Sgt David Rant and 
Corporal Bob Simmons, both 
aircraft technicians from 
Marham. have 313 and 304, but 
hope to pull up in the finaL 

ROYAL NAVY: Target Rifle Ctamtan- 
sMse 1, Lt G Tuck (PortomouftL 253; 2. 
CTO N BaB (Ak Command). 2S1-. 3.U Cft 


rrtsi . 
r: King’s 
468:2, C 


B WHS (Podemouth), 233. AMvatat 1 
Teem BR): 1. Training Forces. RM. 1255: 
_ Com ma ndo Forces RM. 1121; 3, RN 
Portsmouth, 1084. 

ARMY: lOngte Hunan Oft (SMGkl. 2/2 
GR 1468: 2. Gurtfta Signals. 1444; 3, 1st 
Gran Guards. 1442. LMG Mstohas: 
Worcester sh ire Cope 1. Queens Own 
Highbinders. Ouearre Own MgHendara 
Cuts 6 GnVfta RHtea. Eastern Commend 

: 1. Gurtfta Stasis. 

i.«2; A, 


3. Depot Uchfleld and Depot Hong Kang. 

142. M*ft Shooting Teem match: T. 
Worcester end Foresters .377: 2. Gran 

Guards. 372; 3. 3rd RGJ, 307. Pistol XXX 

Oft: 1. WO 2 D L Ward (SEME). 367; Z 
LncCwp R Aitkan (Kings Own Bonfert. 
390: 3. Caw R J HarefRoya! Anqfcan), 389. 

SemMtoafcl.J Prictor (Hotteton) .333; 2. 

Sgt D Plant (MaitwnA, 313; 3. Core R 

Sarmons (UarhamL 30*. flunett Cap 

(TO l. Martum. 360: 2. High ' 

3. OOBwn 416. Sahnood Ctg> (Pteteik 1, 

Conanmore. 613; 2. High Wyajrrfte. 582. 

3. Digby. 574. 








00 MY BUDDY ( 

30004 FHEV0FF( 


)E Wheeter Ml. 

0 SKINNHRX(H<K)OdrDinoRaanq}MWEz3tBft>yB-11- 

M THE BHAZUJAN (A Proo^ f Alston 8-11 

000 BStRELD NEIMiASTlE (J Squoss) J Bony M~- 
00 IBSTT RUNNB? (Mrs P Soteao) M W Estteby 8-8 . 

440 PHUEARNfP Speck) MBntiaiiM 

0200 WOLF J amfeEL (S As»re) C n*Jgr8-B- 
0 ST WEMDRED (Ron C Canon) D Thom 8-5 — 

G Hkmarch (7) 7 

. J Lowe 11 

GSastoa 2 

7-2 WbH J npeheel, 4-1 Parkers Joy. S-1 My Buddy. 6-1 Geobrttony, 8-1 Pnfleam, 
Frev OH. 10-1 The Braztean. 12-1 St Wendred, 15-1 others. 

4f 40yd) (10) 



S Lewes 2 

00 CRYSTAL frtOSS (Mrs ELra^ton)PCole 8-11. 
04 CURVACEOUS cMisD Haynes) M Stoma 8-11. 
Ml BTtaENT (W Aicteon) W Haqh 8-11 

02383 GREAT! 

„ Candy B-U WNewnes4 

0 HEUETTA (RlttWiS Stud Lid) L Cumani 8-11 ROuestS 

0080 HOME FLEET(Mrs J de RohrtAft R Joiraon Houston 8-1 1 S WWteorth 10 



^^B2ET (Mrs 

0 tHTALA MAWA (J Tided A Swart 8-11 


00-0000 RACStoRN^M 

G Moore 8-11 

R Woodhouse 8-11 . 
Inctta 8-11 

D Casey 


15-8 Great Exception, 9-4 Curvaceous. 5-1 Hefieita. 8-1 Crystal Moss. 10-1 Home 
Float 14-1 Reoetonn Rhtpsody. 18-1 others. 

455 RAMBLING ROSE HANDICAP (£1,541: 70 (20) 

20-0003 WORKADAY 

KADAY (QIC Wfcnot-Smift) CGrar4*-10__ 

001202 THE NM2ALL (tJ) (Mrs J Futon) Mas LSiratal 59-7. 

1000-00 SW WtLMOTE (USA)(K Coxcn) E Weyraa 4-9-3 

42-00 FAUVE (B ) (G Money) J w Vfeas5»2 

034/000- RESTORATION (A Dutfiflid) G Ctevwt 4-8-12 

(baa TANYA'S PR0CBSS (J Dsudannsn) J W Wans 58-T0-. 
0-00000 IIANAB6L (B) (A Ripley) S Bowring 4-8-7 . 

I Johnson 17 
. M Wood 14 

03230-4 AiSTAMi 
000024 KAUARESSl 
000-003 DCWAMEIM 
00-0000 OWL'S WAY 
000024 WGHPOfitfl 
0000-00 CtHDYS GOLD 
430000 UPTOWN RAN* 
0-C2W0 BWfflUHG BED] 
043400 OUAUTAmKS 
000-000 teteHMMMteMte 

___ EnglnaBflnfl) K Stone 4-7-8 
I j Redfom 3-7-7 

P Burke (7)5 


4-7-0 M Fry 10 


wumi onn |n imu u nnna» wi-. . — ■ • ~ - — - — 

LA BEIJLE OF SANfOjJSpeddnffl Denys Smtlh 3-7-7- - rr-r - ^ 

TOLLY^ BEST (O Cfwpmar\) D Chapman 4-7-7 ■«VS2J?1 

NEGANOT (S HaSwefl) D Chepman 4-7-7 SPGrfftlftsT 

3-1 Workaday. 100-30 The Mazes. 9-2 Tanya's Princess, 11-2 la Bate Ol Santo. 
6-1 Fauve. 8-1 Just A Ba, TO-f Restoration. 12-t oftero. 

Bronze Opal for ladies’ race 

Bronze OpaL a smooth win- 
ner of the Jim Slaier Apprentice 
Maiden Stakes at Warwick yes- 
terday. is likely logo to Ascot for 
the ladies race on King George 
VI and Queen Elizabeth Di- 
amond Stakes day. 

Lee Jones brought Bronze 
Opal with a well-timed chal- 
lenge to overhaul Red River 
Boy inside the final furiong and 
score bv three-quarters of a 
length, toby Balding, the win- 
ning trainer, said: “Bronze Opal 
had to have a chance on form, 
particularly if he reproduced 
some or his two-ycarold 

“He’s pretty highly handi- 
capped and difficult to place and 
I think the ladies' race at Ascot 
is the solution- He will probably 
be ridden there by Jane 
Sofithcombe. a good point-to- 

point rider who is riding out 
work regularly for me." 

Glenn French, twice cham- 
pion jockey of Zimbabwe and 
now hoping to make a pen na- 
nem career here, partnered his 
third winner in this country 
when Tropieo got up to beat 
Fulham Mills by a short head in 
the Summer Handicap- 

“1 came over for a month s 
working holiday last season and 
rode a winner for Frank Durr, to 
whose stable I Ml now 
attached.” French said “I also 
ride out for Fat Haslam and 
Peter CundeiL”. 

Tropieo is trained by Haslam 
and provided the Newmarket 
trainer with his eleventh winner 
this season. All those successes 
have come in recent weeks — 
since Haslam shook off the 
malaria which confined him io 
bed for seven w^eks. 


AacHvfdencto subject to rescnrtlny. AU matches for July 5th 






24PTS £1862*80 

23PTS £43-35 

22VzPTS £6-50 

22PTS £5*30 

2IV2PTS £1-30 

5 Dividends onty-See Rule 9(f) 




4 DRAWS £2-00 

12 HOMES £7,975-00 

(Paid on T1 Homes) 

6AWAYS £0-95 

Ate« ftrMwnhta eeits of lOf 
Expenses and Commission 
21st June 1988-28-3 X 




Includes Cheshire Man who wins £20,952 

4 Divufands only-see nile9 (F) 

24 pis £456-00 

23 pts. •£11*80 

22 %pts £1-80 

22 pts .£160 

Treble Chance Dividemfe to Units of 



(Paid on 10 Correct) (Nothing Barred) 

8 AWAYS £2450 

(Nothing Barred) 



(Nothing Barred) 

Above Dividends u Units of 10p. 
Expenses and Commission for 21st 
June 198533-4% 

For coupons Phone 01-200 0200 





24 Pts £131.05 INK 

23 Pts -£2.65 ,0NLir 





zo% Pts £529.70 

20 Pts — : £11.45 

19% Pts K>,7 fi 

3{«s 10.17^8.48.49. 

11 /' 


\ < 




☆ * ft It it frSL 



Nicholas’s men 

prove again 
to be their own 

worst enemies 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

tershire beat Hampshire by 66 

Hampshire displayed their 
genius again yesterday in the 
Nat West Trophy for losing 
one-day matches which they 
are desperately keen to win. 
Worcestershire outplayed 
them in lovely weather and 
before a large and disappoint- 
ed crowd. Chasing 279 with- 
out Green idge. who has a 
broken toe. was more than 
Hampshire could manage. Of 
Worcestershire's total, their 
opening pair, D'Oliveira and 
Curtis, scored nearly half. 
D'Oliveira played well while 
making the early running: 
Curtis, after a slow start (17 in 
the first 19 overs), began to 
find the gaps where he had 
previously been finding the 
fielders. Curtis stayed until the 
52nd over, and when he was 
out Patel and Rhodes played 
tip-and-run to good effect 
Hampshire were greatly agi- 
tated by an incident involving 
Hick. It happened after 
D'Oliveira had been caught at 
the wickeL Marshall was in 
the second over of his second 
spell and Hick, pushing firmly 
at bis first bail without quite 
getting across to iu edged it 
straight to the gully, where 
Robin Smith held a nice knee- 
high catch. To Hampshire's 
amazement Hick stood his 

t round and umpire 

irkenshaw shared the 
batsman's view that it was a 
bump bail. 

No one knows better than 
the striker whether in playing 
his stroke he has squeezed the 
ball into the ground. Hick 

thought he had, though there 
was no knowing it from a 
distance. In the event it was of 
small consequence; Hick soon 
being caught at the wicket at 
the second attempt by Parks, 
high and wide to his Tight, off 
Connor. Marshall, who has 
had the measure of Hick this 
season, had just come off! 

Connor, who was admirably 
steady (his six overs at the 
start of the day cost only five 
runs, three of. them on no- 
balls), and Cowley both 
pegged Worcestershire down. 
James and Nicholas, on the 
other hand, conceded 1 00 
runs off their 14 overs, bowl- 
ing while Worcestershire were 
on the attack. In the field,' 
Marshall ran Smith out with a 
fast, low return from deep 
square leg, when Smith was 
going for a second, and Terry 
was athletically ubiquitous. 

When Hampshire batted 
Radford began with exactly 

Kent outclassed as Lewis has 

Notts stroB -SS2E 
to an easy victory or ] moh 

By Richard Streeton 

TRENT BRIDGE: Nottingham- 
shire beat Kent by 6 wickets. 

beaten finalists, dominated this 
second-round NaiW«t Trophy 
match. They won with 18 oven 
in hand, an unusually tagh 
margin between teams of mis 

calibre. On a lively pitch Kent 
failed to capitalize on a g ooa 

start. Nottinghamshire, needing 
162. lost three wickets m 
successive overs near the ena. 
before Rice finished the game 
with a legside six off Ellison. 

Breed, who won the man-oi- 
ihe-match award, and Robinson 
launched Nottinghamshire's re- 
ply with a confident stand of 1 20 
in 30 overs. Broad gave one 
difficult chance against Under- 
wood. but neither man was in 

might be mounted. Not- 
tinghamshire. by contrast, were 
‘ efficient in' every 

any real difficult y ag ainst bowl- 

was loose. 

Star stand-in: Robinson polls during his lusty 66 as Boycott’s replacement for Yorkshire 

the sort of spell that had been 
mom him in the 

Late gloom for Middlesex 
as Jarvis strikes twice 

hoped for 
recent Test match. Bowling 
slower than he did then he 
accounted for Christopher 
Smith in his second over and 
Terry in his third. Fifteen 
overs later, with Nicholas and 
Robin Smith picking up 
steam. Hampshire were in 
contention. But, in an over in 
which he also bowled four no- 
balls and got hit for four. 
Inch more won a leg-before 
decision against Nicholas, and 
when, soon afterwards, Robin 
Smith drove Newport hard 
and low to mid-off the bats- 
men most likely to play the 
long innings which Hamp- 
shire needed were gone. 

By Peter Ball 

HEADINGLEY: Middlesex, 
needing 206 to beat Yorkshire, 
are 123 for Jour wickets 
Chasing the readily, accessible 
target of 206, Mi ddlesex' s 
apparently confident progress 
was interrupted by bad light and 
the young Yorkshire pace- 
bowler, Paul Jarvis, yesterday. 

As the gloom gathered, Jarvis 
timed for i 

Balderstone takes 

returned for two single over 
spells to remove Gatling and 
Butcher, the Middlesex danger 
men. mid throw the game into 
the balance. 

The departure of Butcher, 
who had been batting with 
serenity to keep his side on 
target after a cautious start, 
immediately had the umpires 
hastily consulting their light- 
meters, an action they could 
have taken with equal justice at 

charge for Leics 

any time in the previous hour. 

By Marcos Williams 

BRISTOL Leicestershire with 
scrcn wickets in hand need 52 
runs to heat Gloucestershire 

Gloucestershire, the county 
championship leaders, mus- 
tered only 177 with indifferent 
baiting against Leicestershire 
yesterday and were heading for 
defeat when bad light 

Thanks to a stout innings by 
the veteran Balderstone, who 
ended with 66 including nine 
fours over a large outfield, 
Leicestershire were coasting ro 
victory at 98 for no wicket in the 
32nd over. But they then lost 
three wickets for nine runs in 
seven overs either side of tea as 
Gloucestershire regained just a 
glimmer of hope. First Cobb, 
who had made only 23. was 
stumped down the leg side off 
Graveney. then Stovold slickly 
held a chest-high catch from 
Gower round the comer, and 

comfort Walsh had five fielders . 
round (he bat as Willey and 
Potter fended off further trou- 
bles before, mindful of Walsh’s 
speed, they accepted Ibe 
umpires' second examination of 
bad light. 

Up to that point it had been a 
disappointing contest, in con- 
trast to the teams' last meeting 
in the competition three years 
ago when Gloucestershire 

,y and Down ton needed 

little invitation to leave the 
field, for the loss of Butcher 
suddenly made Yorkshire's total 
far more sizeable than >1 had 
done at the end of their innings. 

Yorkshire's decision to bat 

was put into question immedi- 
ately as Cowans, in bis most 
eager mood, removed Metcalfe 
and Shsup in his first two overs. 
Metcalfe was adjudged lbw. 
Sharp went comprehensively 
bowled as be lost his middle 
stump to a ball of pace and full 

Moxon. however, perhaps 
aware that a good innings 
against Middlesex in a limited 
overs match could be a passport 
towards facing New Zealand* 
demonstrated that he was in 
form with a flowing cover drive 
from Daniel In company with 
the gritty Hartley he began to 
restore his side's fortunes. 

Progress was steady, if stow, 
as Hughes, Edmonds and 
Emburey kept up the pressure. 
The pair put on 55 in 24 overs 
when Hartley drove the ball 
hard and low to Emburey. to be 
given out after consultation 
between the umpires. The crowd 
reacted unhappily, with no 
suggestion that they were 
expressing their disapproval at 
Hartley’s failure to walk. 

Robinson, who looks like 
Billy Burner but bats like Tom 
Merry, hitting the ball with an 
uncomplicated zest which 
sometimes disguises his tech- 
nical orthodoxy, however joined 
Moxon to give Yorkshire hope 
of riches to come. 

In his first non-Sunday 
appearance of the season as a 
replacement for the injured 
Boycott, he dominated their 
partnership of 79 in 19 overs, 
shaking the bowlers’ control for 
the first lime. When Daniel 
returned to trap Moxon lbw in 
the 46th over, Yorkshire's vi- 
sion of a reasonable total was 
still bright. It remained so while 
Robinson continued on his 
untroubled way. Cowans re- 
turned to be greeted with a 
flashing bat. but an attempted 
straight six proved, somewhat 
unluckily, his undoing. Butcher 
judged a difficult catch to 
perfection on the boundary. 
With Robinson's departure the 
decline was ignominious as five 
wickets tumbled for eight runs 
in 18 deliveries. 

jpg which, too of 

Robinson, who pulled Under- 
wood for one massive six, was 
caught behind as he swished 
outside the off stump. Ra nda l l 
retired hurt after being struck on 
the hand by Ellison, while 
Broad, always driving and pull- 
ing freely, was splendidly caught 
by Benson at square leg. John- 
son was well caught at slip and 
Hadlee by the wicket-keeper, 
but Kent’s rally had come too 

Kent looked thoroughly out- 
classed at times, and this perfor- 
mance wilt bring some hard 
thinking in its wake before 
Saturday's Benson and Hedges 
Cup final at Lord’s. It was an 
unfortunate toss to lose. Batting 
looked a nasty proposition first 
thing, on a hard, bouncy pitch, 
from which the ball frequently 
lifted higher than expected. The 
conditions did not seem to 
change greatly later, but Kent’s 
bowlers seldom posed the same 

Once the Kent opening bats- 
men were separated, the innings 
subsided rapidly, and there was 
never a bint that a recovery 

zestful and - . - 

department. The most signifi- 
cant contribution towards 
Kent’s collapse were by Kevin 
Evans, an. all-rounder who 
makes only occasional first- 
team appearances, and French, 
the wicket-keeper. - - 

Evans, aged 22 .and 6ft 2in 
tall lock four wickets in two 
economic spells . of brisk me- 
dium-paced bowling. He played 
in place of Birch, who was 
injured, and was sixth-choice 
bowler in the pecking order.' 
French accepted three superb 
catches, diving full length each 
time, and his selection by- En- 
gland has dearly spurred him to 
new heights in recent days. 

Benson and Hinks kept their 
nerve, and played with consid- 
erable skill as they put on 72 
together in 23 oyeis. They had 
some minor good fortune, the 
nearest to a serious mistake 
coming when Hinks. on 38, gave 
a hard-chance to Rice, at dip. off 
Hem mings. They were . sepa- 
rated when Benson went to 
drive Evans and snicked a catch 
to slip. In his next oyer, Evans 
knocked back Tavare’s off- 
slump as the former England 
player drove loosely. 

Hinks was next to go when 
Hadlee returned for a second 
spell and was bowled middle- 
stump as be . _ 
to the New Zealander's second 
ball. Hadlee gave Chris' 
Cowdrey a gruelling time before 
he bowled turn soon afterwards. 
Taylor and Baptiste both drove 
catches to mid-on . as Kent 
desperately tried to accelerate. 

Graham .Cowdrey was the 
first. of French’s victims when 
Hadlee returned for one over, 
and there could be no recovery 
for Kent from 136 for seven 
from SI overe. Notts retained 
tight control and Hadlee was not 
even summoned to complete his 
full allocation of 12 overs. 

From Pal Butcher 
Athletics Correspondent 
■ Moscow 

Ben Johnson certainly has the 
belter of Carl LeW at . the 
moment, beating the American 
-quadruple Olympic champion 
lor the second time this season, 
but doing it fast night in the 
Lenin Stadium at the Goodwill 
Games noth the superb time of 
9.95 seconds, the second fastest - 
ever, only 2/I00ths of a second 
outside the world record. 

Lewis did not even have the 
recompense for his. own fast 
time in second place, for he was 
beaten into third byChidi Imoh, 
of Nigeria,, who also finished 
second to Johnson in'the World 
Cup in Canberra last year in 
Lewis', absence. 

Johnson did 10 seconds in 
Australia.- the same time as the 
stadiam dock stopped at fast 
night but the time was revised 
downwards as it has been so 
many times in these games, 
giving rise to some suspicion by 
the - Americans of tampering, but 
there could not have been any 
tampering with the result of the 

It was a nervous start with 
Johnson responsible for one of 
the 'breaks' before the gun. But 
it would not have done him 
much good because bis blocks 
slipped. When they finally got 
away. Johnson had a slight lead 
on Lewis at half way and on 
three others in this excellent 
field, Imoh, Harvey Glance and 
Michael Morris. But then John- - 
son really stretched away from 

the padc and won clearly from 
Imoh. w 

fail to 
hit target 

Rose six 
too late 

Collapse costs Essex dearly 

scored 306 to win batting sec- 
urer to 

made a greater meal of takii^ 

Balderstone at first slip of 

Walsh was Gloucestershire's 
main chance of salvation after 
Lawrence departed the scene 
with a recurrent groin strain, 
having bowled eight overs into a 
stiff breeze in considerable dis- 

ond. Their innings never found 
a foundation yesterday after 
Gower had put them iu on a 
pitch tinged with green. The first 
two wickets went for 21 and the 
last seven For 63. Sandwiched 
between these mishaps, Wright 
lop scored with a solid 43 
Although Curran threatened 
briefly to bolster West Country 
spirits, Benjamin produced a 
good ball immediately after 
lunch to uproot Curran's middle 
stump. Then in the space of 
eight overs, 114 for three be- 
came 134 for seven. Wright was 
next out. sent back by Tomlins 
and victim of a spectacular run 
out as Benjamin hurled himself 
full length to transfer Willey's 
throw from backward point into 
the stumps. 

EDGB ASTON: Warwickshire 
beat Essex by 64 runs. 

Essex, the NatWest Trophy 
holders, were on course for 
another victory yesterday when 
their middle order, lacking the 
injured Fletcher, collapsed in 

By Ivo Tennant 

clear mid-on, Lloyd, who fol- 
lowed one outside off-stump, 
and Amiss, nicely held down the 

leg-side by East. 

startling fashion. Needing 256, 

and at one stage 98 for no 
wicket, they were bowled out for 
191. For Warwickshire, who 
bowled tidily. Hum page made 
an aggressive 70. which won 
Him the man of the match 

Warwickshire, who won the 
loss, were without Kallichanan, 
man of the match in their first 
round victory. He has a knuckle 
injury. On a pitch every bit as 
enjoyable to bat on as on that 
occasion, Lloyd and Smith be- 
gan with 69 in 16 overs. Essex 
switched their bowlers to little 
effect until Gooch broke 

In an accurate spelL Gooch 
dismissed Smith, who failed to 

in the side m place 
of Kallichanan, was trapped leg- 
before by Foster at 141, pushing 
forward. With not much to 
come, Warwickshire were 
dependent on Humpage to 
make a decent score and he did 
not disappoint. Lever was 
flicked away for four and then 
six. with an easy pick-up; other 
shots were bludgeoned. 
Humpage bad made 70 with 
seven fours and that six when he 
was fifth out, advancing down 
the pitch at Acfield. After that, 
no one got going, although Asif 
Din held the innings together. 
Thorne hit a full toss to mid-on 
and Foster and Pringle looked 
after the uil 

A score of 255 was the 
minimum Warwickshire would 
have wanted on this pitch. Essex 
have been out of sorts this past 

week but have been without 
their Test players. Gooch and 
Stephenson, playing his first 
NatWest match, gave them a 
solid start of 98 m 29 oven. 

Stephenson was in no way 
overshadowed. In fact, he out- 
scored bis captain, playing 
virtually everything, hooks in- 
cluded. off the front foot He 
included five fours and two 
sixes in his half-century. 

However, Essex then col- 
lapsed. Gooch, who made 48 
with seven fours, was leg-before 
to Small, Stephenson went in 
like manner to Parsons. Prich- 
ard drove too uppishly to cover 
before he had settled and Border 
played on.Lilley, Pont and East 
went in rapid succession, the 
last named run out by Lloyd 
from cover. Essex had lost seven 
wickets for 46. Pringle, the one 
person who could have pulled 
them round, made room to cut 
Gifford and was bowled. 

By Peter Marsoo 

Sussex’s 269 for nine was too 
great a target for Glamorgan at 
Hove, yesterday, and in' their 
victory by 29 runs, meant that 
Sussex had gained revenge, hav- 
ing been comfortably beaten by 
Glamorgan in the second round 
in the NatWest Trophy at 
Cardiff last season. Allan 
Green's innings of 102, was the 
reason why. Glamorgan needed 
to score at between four and five 
runs an over to win, and that 
proved to be beyond them. 

Sussex had faltered at the start 
of their innings when Lenham 
became the first of four batsmen 
to be ran out but Green was in 
fine form and his influence in 
partnerships with Parker and 
Imran enabled Sussex to draw 
away, with Green reaching a 
good half century off 76 balls as 
Sussex got to 92 for two from 26 

By Alan Gibson 

beat i 

TAUNTON: Lancashire 
Somerset by three runs. 

In an exciting finale at Taun- 
ton, Somerset just failed in a 
dramatic push for victory. They | 
needed J 8 runs to win in the last 
over against Lancashire and | 
then 10 off the last two balls. 
Rose failed to hit the penul-i 
timate ball to the boundary but , 
lashed the final one for a six. 

Somerset won the toss and 
put Lancashire in. It was a i 
sunny morning, though it be-! 
came cloudy in the afternoon. 
The pitch, so hr as I could 
observe, played soundly. There 
was a large crowd, much better ! 
behaved than the one on Sun- 
day. Lancashire were bonded 
out in the last over for 221, 
which is a good score in a 60- 
overs match: 

In the early stages it seemed 
that they might be heading for 

/ers. mat uiey might ue neaamg tor 

Sarny's rounded perfor- higher things. They went at four 

mancc at Derby had been too 

good for Derbyshire, whom they 



Hampshire v Worcs 

HtorcestersMs beat Hampsttm by 65 


T S Curtis b James — 94 

Derbyshire v Surrey Gloucs v Leics 

D B D'OWvoira c Partis b Marshal! — 50 

G A Hk*c Parks b Connor 9 

DM Smith rim our 1 

*P A Neale b Connor 
DN Patel not out 

tS J Rhodes not out 

Extras (lb 14. w 3, nb Q 25 

Total (5 wkts. BO overt) 27S 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1 -88. 2-102. 3-107, 4- 
205. 5-212 

BOWLING: 'Marshas 12-1-50-1: Connor 
12-2-30-2: James 10-0-72-1: Tramfatt 10- 
1-48-0: Cowley 12-0-36-0: Nicholas 4-0- 


V P Tuny b Radford 8 


Suney beat Derbyshire by 62 runs 

GSCSrtone Holding b Miner 70 

A R Butcher c Moms b Jean-Jacques 21 

AJStewurtb Jean-Jacques 16 

M A Lynch c Roberts b Hokkng _ — - 20 
N J FaHoier c and b Jean-Jacques — 38 

A Needham c Sftarma b M»er 13 

CJ Richards not out _ 53 

G Monkhouse b Mortensen 18 

S T Clarke not out — 13 

Extras { b 7, fcS. w 7. nb J ) 21 

Total (7wMs. 60 oxers ) 229 

M BtcknoB. p I Pocodk <M not bat. 

A J Wright run out 

A W StowkJ c watey b Bonjamn . 


PB^nbridgecWntUcass bCfifl . 

K M Curran b Bentorwi 
KP TomUnsC Potter b' 

tR CRusseacWWttfcswBDB 

_ 2 

Notts y Kent 


NotOng hm iahke beat Kern by sac tinckets. 

M R Benson c Rice b Evans 32 

S G Hanks b Hadlee 44 

CJ Tavern b Evans ... 0 

N R Taylor c Hadtae b Evans 21 

C S Cowtay c Randal b HacSee 1 



beat by 62 runs. Set to make 23( 
to win. Barnett had played his 
part in an innings of 47. but 
Anderson and Morris went for 
nought, and the middle order 
sagged badly as Needham and 
Pocock combined to take six 

Having been invited to bat. 
Surrey’s response had been to 
make a confident starL Bui. 
with the score at 33, Butcher fell 
to an excellent catch in the gully 
by Moms off Jean-Jacques. and 
from then Surrey were made to 
work hard for their nms. 

e helped 



I R Payne b Da Freitas 
*D A Graveney not oi 

CL ' 

ib Radford. 

*M C J Nicholas bw b tnehmore _ 
R A Smdhc Neale b Newport — 
O R Turner c Rhodes b Rxlgaon 

K D James b Inchmore 

M O MareftaB run out . 


N G Cowley c Neale b Newport - 
tfl J Parks c Rhodes b Newport 
T M Ttarotett not out . 

C A Connor c Radford b Pndgeon . 

Extras (lb 8. w 6. nb 6) 

Total (53.1 overs) 

PALL OF WICKETS: 1-33, 2-36, 3-57. 4- 
82, 5-1 15. 6-168, 7-2021 
BOWLING; Mortensen 10-1-47-1; Warner 
60-48-0: Jean-Jacques 12-0-43-3: HokJ- 
*ngraj2-24~1; MBar 12-2-30-2; Shame 8- 


*K J Barnett run out — 47 

IS Anderson e Retards b Bieknel 0 

A HMc Butcher b Needham 16 

JE Mams b Needham — 0 

0 V Lawrence b Da Freitas 

Extras Ob is. w 1) 

Total (55.4 overs] 

D a ma min 39 

, 0 

G R Cowdrey c French b HacSee 
6 A E Baptism c Ht— b Evans 
R M Edison c Ranch b Sweetly . 

S A Marsh c French b Pick 

G R Ofley notout 

D L UndanMOod not out . 


tB Roberts c sub b Pocock 

R ShaimaRm b Pocock . 

A E Warner b Needham. 
G Miter not out. 




FALL OF WICKETS: 1-16. 2-21. 3-84. 4~ 
114.5-122,6-131. 7-134. 8-175. 9-177, 10- 

BOWLING: Benjamin 10-2-28-3: Taylor 
12-2-44-2: Da fiSra 9. 4-3-24-2 W fay 
12-1-27-0; Cfift 12-1-3M. 


JCBsktefstcnecStovoldb Walsh - 66 

H A Cobb st Russell b Graveney 23 

*D I Gower c Stowkl b Sambrii^B 1 

P WBey not out 16 

LfkMernotOul 4 

Extras (b 4. b 7. w 3. rib 2) 16 

Extras (b 5.1b 5. wt ). 
Total (9wkts, 60 oven) , 

_ 4 
- 9 
. 1 
. 2 


M A Hokfing c C8n»n b Needham , 
M Jean-Jacques b Monkhouse . 

- 0 

Total (3 wkts, 44 overs) 


FALL OF WICKETS; 1-72, 2-72. 3-69. 4- 
91. 5-119. 6-129. 7-136. 6-137. 9-147. 
BOWLING: Hadlee 9-2-17-3; Pick 12-5-15- 
1; Rice 11-0-35-0: Saxeby 7-029-t; 
Hammings 9-2-254; Brent 124-30-4. 


RT Robinson c Marsh bSfeon 49 

B C Broad c Benson b Baptists 73 

DW Randan rawed hurt — 5 

P Johnson c Taw* b Bfcon 0 

■CEB Rica not out — 15 

RJHwfeec Marsh bBapMM 6 

B N French not out 2 

•-£1 O H Mortensen c Ftekner b Monkhouse 

■ 212 11 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-7. 2-10. 3-7S. 4-82. 
5-1 13. 6-137. 7-160. 8-168, 9-186. 10412 
BOWLING: Racflord 9-1-43-2: Prttgeon 
11.1-1-28-2: tochmora 9-1-40-2: Newport 
12442-3: Patel 12-4-31-0. 


Extras (b4. fa8,n4, nb2) . 
Total (534 overs) 


... PAJDe 

Freitas. W K R Bwjaran. L Tayior to baL 
FALL OF WICKEIS: 1-98. 2-101, 3-107. 
Un^raas J H Harris and K J Lyons. 

Extras ( fc 5. w 2.nb 5 1 
Total (4wkts, 41 covers) . 

- 12 

Warwicks v Essex 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-9. 2-59. 349. 4-84, 
547. 6-100. 7-100. 6-100. 9-129, 10-167. 
BOWLING: Clarke 94-194: Bfcknu* 9-2- 
25-1; Monkhouse 11.5-1-55-2; N o ed ham 
12-2-32-4; Pocock 124-24-2. 

Umpires DOOsiear and R A Wight 

Yorkshire v Middx 

M 0 Moxon ftw b Daniel 

R A Pick. E E Hammings, K Saxeby. K 
Evans dkl not baL 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-120. 2-136. 3-138. 

r 54-154: Baptiste 12-3- 

A A MetcaHe swb Cowans 
K Sharp b Cowans 

BOWLING: DBey 54-154: Bapbste 12-3- 
46-2; SKon 10.4-2-46-2: Cowdrty 7-0- 
314: Underwood 7-1-194. 

Umpfees: J A Jameson and M J Kitchen. 


M&nMKftfMB beat Essex by 64 runs. 

Somerset t Lancs 

T A Lloyd C East b Gooch 

p A Striatic Acfield b Gooch 

DL Amiss c East Gooch — 

+<3 W Hurnpage a East b Acfield . 

B M McMUa nfinv b Foster 

ASrt Dki not out . 

DA Thome c Gooch b Foster . 
G J Parsons b Foster 

G C Small 8wr b Prmgfe 
K J Ken b Prmgte 

- 6 



G D MencSs c Roebuck b Marks . 
G Fowler b ftchanfe , 

S N Hartley c and b Emburey 24 

PERobmsonc Butcher b Cowans _ 66 

*10 LBakstowb Daniel 8 

PCamckfcwb Cowans 0 

PW Jams not out 9 

_ 1 
- 2 

Sussex v Glamorgan 


tono Hughes 

SO Rentier not out 

Sussex taut Gtonorgan by 29 nms. 

N j Lenham run out. 

AM Greene and bBaas 

*N Gifford c Gooch b Pringle , 

Extras (lb 11. w 6) 

Total (5&S ewers) 

, 0 

J Abrah am s c Harden b Dredge 52 

XHLkWdnjnoot 36 

N H Fanbrother b Gamer — 7 

S J CTShaughnessy c Gard b Gamer - 1 

tc Maynard c Hardy b Taytor 5 

MWafcnsonc Harden bTaytor 12 

PJWAfcjttcRchardsb Tayior 4 

Extras (b 2. B) 20. « 4. nb 1) . 
Total (9 wkts. 60 overs). 




FALL OF WICKETS: 1-69. 2-82. 344, 4->- 

B0WUN& Foster 12-1-31-3: Lever 11-0- 

DJ Maktaonnotaut 
I FOieyb Dredge 
Extras (bl.o 

4.1* If. 


684; Pringle 10-54-474: Acfield 104-48- 
Jochi2-. # 

1; Gooch 12-2-31 -3: Pont 46404. 

*G A Gooch lbw b Smafi . 

J P Stephenson lbw b Parsons 
T J Pnetiard c iioyd b Gifford , 
A ft Border b McMtan 

FALL OF WlCKETw 1-40. 2-137,3-163, 4- 
1 73. 5-175. 6-180, 7-205, 8408, 9-213, 10- 
221 . 

BOWLING: Gamer l2-343*Twlor 12-1- 
474: Richards 124-40-1; Dredge 12-1- 
46* Marks 12-040-1. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-1. 2-7. 342, 4-1*1. 
5-184. 6-185, 7-187. 8-190. 9-192. 
BOWLING- Cowans lb-A-34-i; Camel 12- 
1-40-2. Hughes 114-38-2; Edmonds 12-1- 
364: Emburey 12-145-1 ; Gattmg 3-1-94. 

WN Stack b Shaw — . .. 27 

A JTMSerbftetcher 34 

■M w Gattmg b Janns 8 

R 0 Butcher c Sale bottom b Jams ... 30 

CT Radley not out 14 

tPROowrmxinofouf 1 

Extras flb 7. 0b 2) S 

P W G Parker e Staete b Base . 
Imran Khan c and b Steele — 
CMWMfsbttatsy — - — — 
J Goiid nm out 

A P Wells run out 

RiANmannotout . 

DA Reeve run our . 

D K Starring retired hut 
A M Babrrwton not out 

Extras (b 4. w 3.nb5) 

. 21 

. 54 
. 28 
. 20 
. 21 
« 0 
_ 1 
_ 0 
_ 4 

Total wkts. 60 overs). 


Total {4 wkts, 42 overs). 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-21. 2-59. 3-194, 4- 
196. 5-227. 6-251. 7-263. 8264. 
BOWLING Thomas 12-1-454; Hickey 9- 
044-t; Base 124-49-2: Holmes 12-1-39- 
0: Ontong 84444; Stoeta 7424-1. 

By Michael Berry 

LA KEN HAM: New Zealand, 
with all first innings wickets 
standing, are 201 runs behind 
Minor Counties. 

The sun stayed away for most 
of the day but Lakenham still 
looked a picture and Uie locals 
came out in numbers to witness 
the rare sight of a touring team. 
The last tourists here were India 
in 1971. New Zealand have to 
go back to 1937 and the days of 
Walter Hadlee since they lari 
appeared on the ground. 

To mark the visit British 
Telecom sponsored the match 
and unveiled a new electronic 
scoreboard. Better still, dumb, 
a Norfolk man who lives in 
Essex and plays his club cricket 
in Hertfordshire, took the day's 
honours after the Minors had 
elected to baL 

Plumb and Green sword 
showed admirable resolve on a 
slow wicket that demanded line 
and length from the bowlns. 
Plumb maintaining a ran of 
good form in making a patient 
69 before being trapped sweep- 
ing the wrong line against Gray. 

Ridddl and Rate], the Dur- 
ham left-handers, pushed things 
along in the afternoon before 
Riddell departed at mid-wicket 
and after tea the tail subsided to 
209, Gray's impressive slow left- 
arm rewarded with five for 54. 

Disappointingly, only four 
overs were bowled at the tour- 
ists before they took an offer of 
bad light rather than see out the 
lively opening bowling of Mur- 
phy and Merry. 









HtunpsHra (2) 12 
11 ) 12 

Yorkshire (11) 

wares (5) 
1 (6) 

Lancs (14) 

Warwicks (15) 13 

Dertjys(12) 11 

Norm ants ( 10)11 

Kent (9) n 

Sussex (7) 11 

MfcMssexff} 12 
Gbm(l2) 12 

1985 positions in brackets 

D BtBwl Pt» 
7 24 38 146 

3 21 33 134 
7 31 38 117 
7 34 32 114 

6 28 36 112 

7 34 30 112 

8 27 36 111 

4 23 36 107 
B 28 24 100 

9 32 35 99 
9 33 24 

7 19 36 

8 27 26 
6 18 34 

5 16 26 

6 20 36 

9 23 2952 





runs an over in the 
partnership. They were 
by some rather casual catching 
and out-cricket from Somerset, 
although- taken as a whole. 
Somerset's was not a bad 
containing effort 
Just before lunch. Abrahams 
was out. He had reached his SO, 
as had Mend/s. who was out just 
afterwards. Much depended on 
Lloyd. His threatening look and 
occasional threatening stroke 
kept the Somerset supporters 
nervous and the Lancastrians 
(of whom there were a large 
number) eager, but at 205 be 
was run out, thanks to a 
splendid throw by Rose and 
after that it was just a matter of 
scrabbling around 
Somerset tost Feltham almost 
at once. Roebuck was out at 30 
in the 14th over. Nothing in it so 
far. Then came Richards, which 
1 felt to be the second critical 
moment of the day. I was fairly 
confident of his success, since be 
had two ducks immediately 
behind him. Richards looked 
solid and had reached SO when 
he was out at 109. This was a 
blow to Somerset, but at tea, 35 
overs. 1 1 5 for three, (he play was 
no better balanced. 

.... who docked 10.04, to 
Lewis's- 10.06. 

- Edwin Moses had to work 
hard for his filth straight 
victory in the 400 metres hur- 
dles. It is common currency 
among his competitors that 
Moses is so over-protective of 
his winning streak that be will 
either only race against tough 
opposition when fie is on his 
best form, or against, mediocre 
fields. Accordingly, after an 18- 
month lay-off through injury. 
Moses went to a small race m 
Finland a fortnight ago. and ran 
an unpressed sub-49 seconds. 
But he did not run in the 
American .championships,, 
where the first two were auto- 
matically selected for these 
Goodwill Games. Moses relied 
oo an invitation in tandem with 
his job for WTBS, the television 
company which is funding these 
games. . . 

Moses's own nervousness was' 
apparent from his false start, 
and the constant tying and 
retying of his shoelaces. Toma 
Tomov, of Bulgaria, led Motes 
until the seventh hurdle, and 
Aleksandr- Varilyev chased Mo- 
ses all the way to the line. But 
the .double Olympic champion 
had the fast, faugh; his 47.94 
seconds is the fastest in the 
world this year, taking: 0.01 
seconds off And it Phillips best 
time, set in the. first Mobil 
Grand Prix meeting of the 

• Vakhtang Yago rash vi l i. with 

an awesome winning score of 
5.581 pts, led a dean Soviet 
sweep of the men's modem 
pentathlon contest in Moscow. 
A close second was Anatoly 
Avdeyev. with 5.521 pts, and 
third Igor Shvarts, 5.495 pis. 



NatWest Trophy 

und (60 overs, 10.30) 

Second round (t 
BRISTOL: Gloucestershire v 

HEADINGLEY: Yorkshire v 


Tour Matches 

LAKeHha* Minor Counties v Now 
Zeatenoere (11.0-6.30) 

DUMFRIES: Scotland v Indians (11.0-7 JJ) 
lord: Essex v Sussex. Old Trtftonfc 
Lancashire v Glamorgan. Leicester 
Leicestershire * Nottinghamshire. 
Teddtagftn: Middesax v Hampstwe. 
Norownpton: Nort hamp tonshire v York- 

shire. Stutflcy: Warwickshire v Somerset 
Worcester. Wortestershffe v I 

stare v Indians. 

v Derby sh i re . 



ATHLETICS: RAF inter- service 8 

ass®gS3£SSf&d Series 
Great Brrtain « New ZeabmJ (at 
Hunstanton). Colchester and South*** 
tournaments. GOLF: RAF inter-services 
gwipfcinstos (at Burnham and Borrow). 
SWWBMNG: London Championship# (at 
Crystal Palace}. ■ ■ . 

TENNRfc East Of England championships 
(Bl Felixstowe LTC) Bedford sanbr 


N A Fsfihemc Maynard bWwWnson 14 
•PM Roebuck tew bAflott 0 

DR Pringle b Gifford 

A W Lifley c Humpage b Kerr , 
KR Pont lbw bMtSwian 

fO E East run out 

N A Foster b SmsS 

. . , 20 

JK Lever c Humpage bMcMfert-— 7 

DL Acfield not Out 4 

Extras (ft 7. w4) 11 

, 17 

a v raw* nu» vm — ■ ■ ■ -■■■■ 

VJ Marks c and bWattonSO n 8 

tT Garde Maywrt tiffShaughnessy S 
C H Dredge c sub b WattaMon — | 
j Gamer B Makmaon —— — — -— — ■ 0 
NS Taytor not out 1 

j E Emburey. PH Edmonds. S P Hughes, 
N G Cowans and WW Darnel to baL 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-57, 248, 345. 4- 
121 . 

Umprej: 8 laaffieattr and P B Wight. 

Total (51-4 ovars) 

■_I2 Extras flh4. w4. UbSf — - 13 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-98. M 1 1.3-1 1& 4- 
127.5-140.6-143. 7-144, 8-174:9-1 83; 10- 

BOWUNG Smelt 64-25-2; Parsons 12-*- 
34-1; McMttan 11.4-1-544; Kerr 12-1-42- 
liGMIOrd 8-1-29-2. 

Umpires: J H Hampshire and J W Kotter- 

ToM(9wWs.fi0«ers)‘ -21 8 

. . ..■teii s i m i. a a n ran 4 ana J. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-1. 2-30. 3-109. 4- 
139. 5-139. 6-158. 7-1 66,8-1 79.9-1 ?7 
BOWLING: AWt 12-1-40-1: WjtWnson 
12-0-44-3; Makinson 12*2-49-2: 
O’Shaughnessy 12-2-47-1: 1M- 


^Umpires: D G L Brans and ft Jufiav 

• Advance ticket sales for the 
third Comhill Test match be- 
tween England and New Zea- 
land at the Oval, starting on 
August 21, have already ex- 
ceeded £200-000. Ian Childs. 
Surrey’s marketing manager, 
said: “Interest in the match is 
such that we are idling well over 
£1,000 worth of tickets every 
day. Plenty of tickets are still 
available V 


JAHopteucAPWeisbCMWftfis 47 

H Moms c sM bCMWtfe 27 

GCHotnese Reeve bLanham 45 

Younrs Ahmed e Gotfd b Battngton .. 31 

M P Msynard b Babingten ■*— 

'RCOmongcBabingnnb Imran 32 

JG Thomas c Imran D Reeve 1 

ft Dames run out — 16 

J F Staete b Imran — 0 

S J Base b Imran — 2 

0J Hickey n« out — 0 

MINOR COUNTfESr first torertfis 

PA Todd c and b sorting 

S G Plumb Dwb Gray .. 


Gfi JRoopecHainbOtftfiflkt —— 15 
*N A RiddaHc Barren bStrtnfl — — 20 

AS Patel bSdrtmg — 30 

R HertWTcGray&Wntton 10 

tJDAshteycBtetobGrey 4 

WG Merry cFraiWinb Gray — 3 

DSurridgflnotQUt — — 0 

A J Murphy cSmrthb Gray 0 

Extras t&3. rib 16) J9 

Total 206 

Extras (b 1. to 15- w 8. nb 8) 32 

Total (59^ overs) 240 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-65.2-107. 3-167, 4. 
179. 5-166. 6*194. 7-231. 8-233. 9-240. ID- 

BOtVLWG: Imran TT-2-3-1S-3: BatwlflWn 
10-0-45-2: C M We*S 12-6-3S-3: Reeve 
12-0-53-1; Stendmg S0-27-0: Lenham 9* 

Umpires: B Dudtsstcn - 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-5. 2-81. 3-122. 4- 
144, 5-182,8-188. 7-194.8-207.9-207. 10- 

BOWUNa Stfrwg 15-1-62*3: Barrett 12- 
1-22-0; Watson 12-3-28-1: OratheW 14-6- 
20-1; Gray 27-964-5. 

T J Franklin not Out — — 8 

*J C Wrt#S not Out 

Tow (no wkt) ....... 


IMfms; DJ HaMjuid and T-G Mson. 


Conttamed from page 39 


LKW. 13. OM Bond 
JMGLBWI ncruncs FOR 1 
fn 9 JO . S.3Q 

SI.Wi 499 SOSO 


hmt •» - 

VJ94H. EicMw Ml LI 

I'lHIl IB July 

Tri Q > 9 30 089 4 

ARTOr* July 2nd - 1JU> m- 

HudilM, SUM**. Ktaun ■ Sum. 

OO. com eaions 
500 Ihp Gallery wtU Ha eiosad 
IQ Uo- puoHr law, Ji4y. 

MAITteLKN 7 a Mason's Yard. 
P-JM* ‘Sl SI JMnril. SWl: BA- 
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Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

w» CeefaxAM. 

WO Breakfast Time with 
Selma Scott and Guy 
Mjg’dmore. Weather at 

«5 and 

W5; regional news, 

weattrer and traffic at 

7^7, 7.57 and 8.27; 
national and /ntemattonaj 
2«« « 7.00.7^0,8^0. 
J-30 and 9.00; sport at 
review of the morning 

5 ew ®P a P fl ra at &37. Rus, 
Zoe Brown's teenage 
report; and Richarri 
braith s "phone-in medical 
Mwce. The guests indude 
John-Dankwortft and 

a An i u,ian Uoyd Webber 

120 wav School. 

70.50 Gharftar. Among the 
items m this week's edition 
or the magazine 
programme for Asian 
■ women are an 
examination of the 
progress of the Asian . 
Mother and Baby 
Campaign, launched by 
Princess Anne two years 
- ago: and an explanation of 
the artof acupuncture by 
. Sushma Sharma 11.15 

12J35 See Hear! A repeat of 
. Sunday’s edition of the 
. programme for the 
hearing impaired, ft 
includes a report from the 
British Deaf Association's 
Congress in Rothesay. 

1.00 News After Noon with 
Richard Whitmore, and 
Moira Stuart, includes 
news headlines with 
subtitles 1.25 Regional 
news and weather.i.3Q 
Little Misses and the 
• Mister Men. Little Miss 
Tiny, read by John 
Afderton and Pauline 
Collins; Mister Tickle, 
narrated by Arthur Lowe. 

1.45 World Show Jumping 

Coverage of the event that 
wiJJdeade the team , 

. Regional news. 

&15 Good Morning Britain 
presented by Anne 
Diamond and Nick Owen. 
News with Gordon 
Honey comt» at 6 JO, 700, 
7.30, 6.00, (L30 and 9.00; 
financial news at 6.35; 
sport at 6.40, 7.40 and 
8-40; exercises at &55 and 
. 9.22; cartoon at 7.25; pop 
music at 7.55; Jeni 
Barnett's postbag at 8 J5; 
Joanna Van Gyseghem at 
9JW; Claire Raynerat 




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Cartoon 4J!5 Treasure In 
Malta. The final episode of 
the adventure serial set on 
Malta and Gozo. 4.40 
Dungeons and Dragons. 

5.00 John Craven's 
Newsround 5.10 Duncan 
Dares. The intrepid Peter 
Duncan crosses the Irish 
Sea in a converted 
Volkswagen Beetle, (r) 

5.35 Go For It! This week's 
edition of the fitness 
programme has Marjorie 
Proops as the guest 

6.00 News with Sue Lawtey and 

- Andrew Harvey, Weather. 

635 London Plus. 

7.00 Top of the Pops 
introduced by Simon 

7 JO EastEnders. Dr Legg has 
further cause to be upset 
bn top of the break-in at - 
the surgery. (Ceafax) 

6.00 Bodymatters. Drs Graeme 

. Garden. Alan Maryorr . . . 
Davis and Gillian Mice, . 

with the help of 

- . volunteers, explore the . 

body's skin, (r) (Ceefax) 

8J5 Les md Dustin’s 

Laughter Show, Comedy 
•• sketches and ! 

impersonations from 
Messrs Dennis and Gee. , 

Their guests are Roy 

9.00 News with Jiriia Somerville 
and John Humphrys. 

9.30 Crimewatch UK. Nick 
Ross and Sue Cook 
introduce reconstructions 
"of the murder of Georgina 

. . Davies, a 72-yearokJ 
- nurse from Salford; the - 
disappearance of Anne 
Lock; and of a security van 
robbery outside a 

. . Birmingham bank, (see 

10.10 In Sickness and In Health. 

‘ Rita comes to stay with 
her parents and is 
introduced to the new 
home help. Winston, (r) 

10.40 Food and Trucks and 
documentary about the 
growth and success of 
BancT Aid (r) _ 

11.45 Crimewatch Update. The 
developments over the 
past hour-and-a-half. 

11.55 Weatfier. 

9-35 Thames news headlines 
followed by Lost 
Kingdoms. Man conquers 
desert elements 9.55 Life 
in the Ocean. The wildlife 
of the deep 10.1 0 The 
Bamboo Brush. The story 
of a young boy's rejection 
of his ancestry 10.35 
Island WikUrte. The deer 
of Ireland. <r) 11-25 
Courageous Cat Cartoon. 

11.30 About Britain. How a 
Scottish company, making 
expensive cashmere 
goods, sells their 
production in the region 
the yam comes from. 

1240 Tales From Fat Tulip's 
Garden. Can Ernie Frog 
be rescued from the 
garden wed? (r) 12.10 
Puddle Lane. Puppet 
stories, with Neil tones 
and Richard Robinson, (r) 
12J0 The Sullivans. 

1.00 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 1-20 Thames news. 
1.30 Riptide. The three 
private detectives 
investigate a difficult case 
2.25 Home Cookery Club. 
Strawberry Crush Ice 

2J0 Something to Treasure. 
Lord Patrick Lichfield with 
the second of four film 
about his ancestral home, 
Shugborough; and Roy 
Hudd uses items from his 
collection to re-create the 
lost world of the music hall 

3.00 Take the High Road. 
More dramas from 
Glendarroch 3J5 Thames 
news headlines 3J0 Sons , 
and Daughters. : 

4.00 Tales From Fat Tulip's 
Garden. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
noon 4.10 The Moomins. 

(r) 4 JO Nature TrafL David 
Taylor takes a woif for a 
walk. 4.45 Under the 
Same Sky; The Pigeon. 

The story of a 10-year old 



5.15 Silver Spoons. American 
comedy series. 

5.45 News with Carol Barnes 

6.00 Thames news. 

6.25 What It’s Worth. 

Consumer queries 

‘ 6.35 Crossroads. 

7.00 Emmerdale Farm. Joe 
Sugden can't put Karen 
Moore out of his mind. 

7 JO Give Us a Clue. Celebrity 
mime game. Una Stubbs 
and Lionel Blair are joined 
by Debbie Arnold. Lonnie 
Dennett. Angela Douglas; 
Derek Griffiths, Maggie 

• ■■ Moone and Roy Walker. .. 
Michael Parkinson is in the. 

- • chair. - • - : . 

640 Minder: Why Pay Tax? 
Arthur dabbles in Victorian 
fireplaces; Terry is 
. ' minding an illegal bookie 
with a cash-flow problem. 


94. Troubles and Strife. 

Comedy series about a 
young vicar and Ws adoring 
hoard of female 
parishoners. (Oracle) 

9J0 TV Eye: Behind WUh the 
Mortgage. What can be 
done to help the 
increasing number of 
houseowners facing 
eviction because they 
cannot Keep up the 
mortgage repayments? 

1040 News at Ten with Alastair 
Burnet and Pamela 
Armstrong. Followed by 
Thames news headlines. 

10.30 Film: Cruise Into Terror 
(1978) starring Ray 
Milland. A made-for- 
televfsion thriller about the 
passengers and crew of a 
cruise snip who are 
attacked by an evil force 
after an ancient Egyptian 
sarcophagus is raised 
from the sea. Directed by 
Bruce Kessler. 

1240 Night Thoughts. 

MINISTER'S MEN {Channel 4, 
8.00pm) puts pictures to. and 
adds extra flash on. Peter 
Hennessy's Radio 3 series 
77ie Quality of Cabinet 
Government, first broadcast 
last year and repeated in recent 
months. Hemrnsy has 
scripted the television 
documentaries, too. He Is a 
first-rate political journalist who 
can find his way into end out 
of the complex machinery of 
government with the 
knowledgeable ease of someone 
who knows how to find the 
garden shed at the end of his 
garden. But tie does not 

make toe mistake of assuming 

that everybody else Is as 
% familiar with the route as he 
f ; is. And he is fortunate that the 

ii.Sv.-w ■/ familiar faces and voices that 

All the Prime Minister's Men: on practically fail over 

Channel 4, at 840pm themselves tonight to offer their 


first-hand evidence about the 
Changing relationship between 
Cabinet and Prime Minister, 
are all either constitutionally 
explicit or have been tutored 
by Hennes5y and/or his 
executive producer PhiHp 
Whitehead on the importance of 
not wandering from toe 
pointTonight s film, the first of 
three, spans the years from 
Uoyd George to James 
Callaghan. As to the latter, 
Hennessy concludes that it was 
his mastery of the Cabinet 
system that strengthened the 
office of PM > a development 
of which, he says. Mrs Thatcher 
was to make full use. The 
lady, only briefly glimpsed 
tonight, will clearly be 
positioned centre stage next 
Thursday night 

•Making the maximum use 
of its publicity flagship - the front 
cover of Radto Times- the 
BBC has been celebrating the 
coming-o<-age of its highly 
watchabte (and, in terms of 
convicted miscreants, its 

» productive) series 
9.30pm). With 21 editions under 
its beit it has perfected the 
art of turning all of us into 
armchair sleuths by 
reconstructing unsolved crimes, 
sharpening our memories 
and heightening our powers of 
observation. Having watched 
it, I doubt rf anyone wifi be able to 
resist the opportunity to learn 
11.45pm) what 

developments, if any, there have 
been in the intervening hour- 

Peter Davalle. 

(Kleins Dreigroschenmusik). 
9.00 News 

9.05 Tnis Week's Composer: 
Dvorak. Excerpt from 
The Spectre's Bride, with 
Czech PO and soloists 
including Tika/ovs). 
Symphony No 8 




10.00 Duos. tor Violin, Guitar. 
Jean-Jacques Kamorow 
and Anthea Gifford. 

6-55 Open University; Social 
Science - Conflict Ends at 
740. 940 Ceefax. 

4.10 World Show Jumping 
continued from BBC 1. 
Further coverage Of the 
event that wiH decide the 
team championship, 
introduced by Dav*d Vine. 
The commentators at 
Aachen are Raymond 
Brooks-Ward and Stephen 

6.00 Mission Impossible. This 
week the undercover 
agents are given the task 
of rescuing a top-secret 
fail-safe device that was 
on board a United States 
Air Force bomber that 
crashed behind the Iron 
Curtain. Starring Retar 
Graves. Martin Landau, 
Barbara Bain and 
Bradford Dillman. (r) 

6 JO The 1985 Open. As a 
foretaste of the 1986 
Open, highlights of last 
year s Championship, 
played at Royal St 
George's. Sandwich. 
Introduced by Hany 

7 AO Seven Days at Stoney 
Cross- A documentary that 
follows the Chief 
Constable of Hampshire 
over the course of a week 
as he and his men planned 
Operation Daybreak, the 
raid that was to move the 
'hippy' convoy camped on 
the New Forest site of 
Stoney Cross. 

8.10 Thnewatch. Peter France 
introduces three films that 
have been screened in the 
series over the past year. 
Christopher Andrew tells 
the story of how classified 
documents fell into 
Japanese hands before 
the fall of Singapore; there 
is a reappraisal of the role 
of toe infamous Judge 
Jeffreys; and a portrait of 
an Essex village during the 
First World War. 
chronicled by the vicar, the 
Rev Andrew Clarke. 

940 The Travel Show 

presented by Paul Heiney. 
Kathy Rochford roams the 
self-catering holiday 

■ • centres of Britanny to see 
if holidaymakers believe it 
is goext value for money; - 
Matthew Collins reports 
oh Ns coach trip to Spain; 
two London ladles weigtv- 
up a holiday on the Isle of 
Man; and a senior BA 
flight attendant has advice 
. on toe correct way of 
packing clothes in a 
suitcase. ' . . • 

9J0 Moonlighting.' The twO 
private detectives are 
asked by a woman 
disfigured by an acid 
attack to find the man 
responsible because she 
loves him. 

10.15 World Show Jumping ■ 

Highlights of the second 
- day's competition at 
Aachen, west Germany, 
mtroduced by David Vine. 

10.45 NewsnigtiL The latest 
national and international 
news including extended 
coverage of one of the 
main stories of the day. 
Presented by Peter Snow, 
Donald MacConmick and 
Olivia O'Leary. 

11 JO Weather. 

11.35 Open University: 

Weekend Outlook 11.40 
First World Capital: Third 
World Labour. Ends at 


2.15 Their Lordships' House, (r) 

2.3 0 Channel Four Racing from 
Newmarket Brough Scott 
introduces coverage of the 
H & K Commissions Silver 

- Jubilee Handicap (2J5); 
the Narcros July Cup 
(3.10); the Addison Tods 
Handicap Stakes (3.40); 
and the Bahrain Trophy 
Handicap Stakes (4.10). - 

4.30 Dancin’ Days. Carlo 
unburdens his heart to 
Julia when he meets her at ■ 
a disco. 

5.00 FHrm The Invisible Man 
Returns* (1940) starring 
Vincent Price. Science 
fiction thriller in which a 
man uses his powers of 
invisibility to escape from 
the condemned ceil and 
track down the real killer 
of his brother. Directed by 
Joe May. 

6J0 Tour de France. The 
seventh stage - from 
Cherbourg to St Hilare du 
Harcourt a distance of 
more than 200 kilometres. 
Presented by Nick Owen 
with commentary by Phil 
Liggett and Paul Snerwen. 

740 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons and 
Nichdas Owen, includes a 
report on BL's latest 
model, launched today, 
the Rover 8000. 

7.50 Comment. With her views 
on a topical Subject is Sue 
Knowles, marketing 
manager of a car 
component manufacturing 
company. Weather. 

8.00 All the rame Minister's 
Men. The first of three 
programmes examining 
the workings of cabinet 

. government (see Choice) 

940 The Great Plant 
Collections. Roy 
Lancaster is the guide 
around Wakehurst Place 
in Sussex, where botanist 
Gerald Loder introduced 
exotic plants from Asia, 
South America an d 
Australasia. Wakehurst 
remained in private hands 
until 1963 and is now 
administered by the Royal 
Botanic Gardens. Kew, in 
association with the 
National Trust.(r) (Oracle) 

9.30 What if ITS Raining? Part 
two of the three-episode 
drama serial about the 
break-up of a marriage 
and its aftermath. Marilyn 
has left Dominic and 
moved to Bristol with her 
lover. Dominic arrives to 
spend toe day with Jack. - 
hts son. Starring Michael 
Maloney and Deborah 
Findlay. (Oracle) 

10.30 Film: Who Are the 
Debotts— (1977) The first 
.of two documentary films 
about Bob and Dorothy 
Debott, an American 
couple with 1 9 children. 
Most of the children are 
disabled and were 
adopted by parents who 
illustrate how much love 
and dedication can 
achieve. The narrator is 
Henry Winkler, and toe 
director is John Korty. 
Followed by Stepping Out, 
made four years later, 
which traces the family's 
progress and in particular 
one severely handicapped 
young man preparing for 
his first day at high school. 
Directed by John Else. 

Radio 4 

On long wave. VHF variations at 


545 Snipping. 6.00 News Briefing; 
Weather. 5.10 Farming. 

6J5 Prayer (s) 

640 Today, incl 640, 740, 

8 JO News. 6.45 
Business News. 645, 7.55 
Weather. 740, 8.00 
News. 7.25. 8.25 Sport. 745 
Thought tor the Day. &35 
Yesterday In Parti ament 
847 Weather; Travel 
9.00 News 

945 Face the Facts. Margo 
MacDonald investigates 
cases of injustice against 
individuals or offences 
against the public Interest (r) 
9 JO The Natural History 
Programme. National 

10.00 News: The Good Book. 

New 1 3-part senes about 
the Bible, presented by Brian 
Redhead (1) Flight from 
Mystery (r) 

10 JO Morning Story: 

Banshees Are All 
Moonshine, by Paul Kenny'. 
Read by Anthony 

10.45 An Act of Worship (s) 

11.00 News; Travel; Analysis. 
Roland Dumas. French 
Foreign Minister in the last 
Socialist government, 
talks to lan Davidson (r) 

11.48 Time tor Verse. From 
DuMn. Aidan Carl 
Mathews presents poems on 
the theme of Politics and 

1240 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice, with 
John Howard. 

12J7 Quote . . . Unquote. 

Panel game with Nigel 
Rees. Eric Anderson, Steve 
Race, Ann Maiialieu and 
Michael AspeJ (r) 12.55 

1.00 The World At One; News 
1.40 The Archers. 1.55 

240 News: Woman's Hour, 
includes an interview 
with Nadine Senior, director 
of the Northern School of 
Contemporary Dance. 

340 News; The Afternoon 
Play. When Taps Run 
Dry. by Nick Fisher. With a 
cast including Susie 
Brann and Elaine Daxton (s) 
4.05 A Good Read. Brian Gear 
invites Frances Donnelly 
and Tony GouU to pick some 

4J5 Kaleidoscope. Last 
night's edition (r) 

5.00 PM; News magazine. 

540 Shipping. 545 

6.00 News; Financial Report 

6 JO Brant of Britain 1966. 

Second round: West end 
Midlands (r) 

740 News 

7.00 The Archers 

740 Any Answers? John 
Timpson with listeners' 
responses to last week's 
Any Questions? 

7.40 Women, The Wasted 
Resource. Susan Marling 
and guests explore 
opportunities lor 
employment in the post 

women's Lib era. 

940 Does He Take Sugar? 

For disabled listeners. 

9 JO lan Skidmore in the BBC 
Sound Archives (0 

9.45 Kaleidoscope. Includes 
comment on the him Fool 
tor Love, and Martin Amis' s 
book The Moronic 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 
Unexplained Laughter 
(7). Reader: Christine 

10.30 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

11 JO Today in Parliament 

1240 News; Weather.- 

VHF ( available in England and 
S wales only) as above 
except 5 45-6. 00am weather: 
Travel. 1.55-2. 00pm 
Listening Comer. 540-545 
PM (continued). 11.30- 
12.10am Open University'- 
ll JO The Mods: Sub- 
culture. 11.50 The Mid-60s (1). 

Radio 3 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 

645 Weather. 740 News 
7.05 Concert Praetorius 
(Terpsichore dances). 
Monteverdi ( Conthebor tits. 
Domine a 5. with Kirkby. 
soprano). Corelli (Sonata in 
C. Op 5 No 3: Siorswakf 
Kuijken/Robert Kohnen), 
Rameau (Dardanus suite. Act 
4). 840 News 
84S Concert (contd): 

Offenbach (Orpheus in 
Underworld overture), 
Rodrigo (In Search of the 
Beyond). Lutoslawski , 
(Variations on theme of 
Paganini; Argerich and 
Freire.pianosi. Weill 

No 3). Paganini (S eranata). 
Michael Berkeley (A 
mosaic for Father 
Poptieluszko), Giuliani 
(Six Variations. Op 81) 

10.40 Vaughan Williams and ‘ 
Aiwyn: Gertadme Allen 
(clarinet), Gavin Mole (piano). 
Vaughan WHUams (Six 
studies m English folk song). 
Aiwyn (Clarinet Sonata) 

11,05 City of Birmingham SO 
(under Bergiundl.with 
Philip FowkelptanolPart 
one. Haydn (Symphony 
No 92), Rachmaninov 
(Rhapsody on theme of 

1240 Six Continents; foreign 
radio broadcasts (r) . 

1240 ConcertparTtwo. 

Sibelius (Symphony No . 
4). 140 News 

1.05 Manchester Summer 

Recital: Christian ' . ' 

Blackshaw(piano). Schubert 
(Allegretto in C minor.D 
915; and Sonata in D, D 850 

2.00 Mozart and Bliss: Delme 
String Quartet play 
Mozart's Quartet in F, K 590, 
and Bliss's Quartet No 2 . . 

3.05 Daphne: Strauss's one- 
act bucolic tragedy. Sung 
in German. Bavarian 
RSO/Bavarian Radio 
Chorus (under Haitink), and 
soloists including Lucia 
Popp and Peter Schreier. 

540 Mainly for Pleasure: Fritz 
Sptegi presents recorded 

6 J0 Bandstand;. Eastman 
Wind Ensemble. Robert 
RusseU BtinnBtt'(Suite of old 
. American dances ). 

William Schuman (George . 
Washington Bridge). 

Barber (Commando March) 

740 A Spark to Fire the 
Engine: documentary 
series about the Marshall 
Plan to help post-war 
Western Europe 
(2). Presented by John 

7 JO City of London Festival; 

g art one. Chilingirian 
tring Quartet. Mozart 
(Quartet in B flat, K 458). 
Beethoven (Quartet in G. Op 
IB No 2) 

&J0 These Men are Worth 
Your Tears: First World 
War poems. With Peter Orr, 
Ranald Pickup, Marion 

8.40 Concert: part two. 

Brahms (Quartet in C 
minor. Op 51 No 1) 

9 JO Stravinsky after Pergolesl: 
The ballet with song 
Pulcinella. Academy of St 
Martin-irv-Fields (under 
Marriner).with soloists 
Kenny. Tear and Robert 

10.00 Music in Our Timeworks 
by Stefan Wolpe. Second 
Piece tor Violin Alone 

Passacaglia. 1936(Ohlsson, 
piano). Sim Sftatom. 

Lilacs. Epitaph (Berendsen, 
mezzo). Forrn.l 959 
(Sherman, piano), Chamber 

Piece No J for n players 
10.50 A Utile Concerto by 
Richard Strauss: Los 
Angeles CO, with 
ShiTnn.clarmet and 
Munday. bassoon. Ouet- 

11.25 Bach on the Lute. Niget 
North! baroque lute). . 
Prelude in C minor. BWV 
999. Fugue in G minor, 

BWV 1000; andSuite in E 
major. BWV 1006a 
11.57 News. 12.00 Closedown 
VHF variations Only: - 
6J5am Open University.. Until 
6.55 Pastoral and 

( Radio 2 ) 

' 4.00am Colin Berry (s) 5J0 
Ray Moore (s) 7 JO Derek Jameson 

(s) 9 JO Ken Bruce, incl at 9.40, 
Natwest Quarter-final draw 11.00 
Jimmy Young ind food 
information from Tony De AngelJ (s) 
1.05pm David Jacobs is) 2.05 
. Gloria Hurtmford incl Racing from 
Newmarket:- 3.10 £63.000 The 
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Hamilton (s) 5.05 John Dunn (s) 

7.00 Wally Whyton introduces 
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(new senes) Ricky Skaggs looks at 
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music 945 Sports Desk 10.00 

' Barrymore Plus Four. Comedy 
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I. 00am Biff Rennells presents 
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( Radio 1 ) 

5J0am Adrian John 7.00 Mike 
Smith's Breadfast Show 9.30 
Simon Bates 11.00 Radio 1 
Roadshow with Janice Long, from 
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Newsbeat (Frank Partridoej 12.45 
Gary Davies 3.00 Steve Wright 
5.30 Newsbeat (Frank Partridge) 
545 Bruno Brookes 7.30 Muriel 
Gray mcl Working (or Yourself 
10.00-12.00 Andy Kershaw (s). 

VHF RADIOS 1 & 2:- 4.00am As 
Radio 2. 10.00 As Radio 1. 

. 12.0(W.0Oarn As Radio 3. 


6.00 NewsdBSk 6J0 Nature Notebook 
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Twenty-Four Hours 7JQ OH the Beat en 
Track 7.45 In (tie Cage 6.00 News BJM 
Reflections 8.1 S Country Style 8.30 John 
Peel 940 News 949 Review ot the Brmsn 
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10.00 News 1041 Rav Moore talks to- 
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II. 15 New Ideas 11-25 a Letter from 
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Kmg 240 Outlook 245 Best of Bmsh 340 
Radio Newsreel 3.15 The Pleasure's 
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Letter From England 1040 Francial 
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A flying start 

by Stephen 

for the Open 

By MitdbelJ Platts 

Lindsay Stephen became 
the latest in a long line of 
intrepid Australian golfers 
seeking Open Championship 
glory when he compiled a first 
round of 65 in the Car Care 
Plan International on the 
Moortown course in Leeds. 

Since Peter Thomson won 
the first of his five Opens in 
1954 a succession of Austra- 
lians have attempted to win 
the coveted prize though only 
Kel Nagle emerged victorious 
by turning back the challenge 
of Arnold Palmer at Si An- 
drews in 1 960. 

Stephen, however, is so 
determined to join forces with 
compatriates such as Ian Bak- 
er-Finch. David Graham, 
Graham Marsh and Greg 
Norman when the 1 1 5th Open 
begins at Tumberry next 
Thursday that he considered 
an ambitious plan to 
reconnoitre the Western 
Gailes course on which he 
might be compelled to pre- 

As he was in the first group 
to go out — teeing off at 7.20 — 
Stephen was back in the 
Moortown dub house before 
1 1.30 and he initially intended 
to drive the 250 miles to 
Ayrshire in order to play a 
practice round at Western 
Gailes then return to 

Stephen was persuaded to 
abandon that plan, though he 
could still interrupt his chal- 
lenge for the Car Care Plan 
International by leaving at the 
end of his second round today 

as there is the possibility of a 
golf enthusiast taking him 
north of the border in a 
private plane. 

What prompted Slepheo to 
even consider taking on the 
journey was his discovery that 
the Royal and Ancient, orga- 
nizers of the Open, will dose 
the Western Gailes course for 
practice at 2.00 on Saturday 
when he is likely to still be 
competing at Moortown. 

Moortown scores 

LeatSng flrat round scores (GB 
unless stated) 

65: L Stephen (A us). 

67: J Morgan. 

6& M Wiltshire (SA), J Qurros (Sp), I 
Baker-finch £ Aus ). S Torrance. 
69: A Stubbs, O Pruitt (US). G Turner 
"), P Senior (Aus), A 
sbrand (Swe), J Stand jSA)^, 

M James, B Waites, 
Cenizares (Sp), D Edwards (US), 
D Dumian, P Hoad. 

70: R BoxaH, I Young, A Chamtey, M 
King, M Clayton (Aus), G Marsh 
(Aus). D Llewellyn. V Fernandez 
(Aral. G CuOen, A Saavedra 
, B Smith (US), C Mason, A 

me there then that would be 
great and HI give him free 
lessons for life.” 

In truth Stephen has it in his 
own hands to avoid the need 
to even cast a glance over 
Western Gailes as he can earn 
a place in the Open Champi- 
onship simply by continuing 
to dominate the Moortown 
course. For the leading five 
players, otherwise not exempt 
for the Open, who finish 
among the top 25 in the Car 
Care Plan International are 
spared the ordeal of having to 

John Morgan also applied 
himsdf well to the task of 
overcoming one of the more 
punishing of England's inland 
courses by recovering the 
form which enabled him to 
win tiie Jersey Open last 
month. He achieved some- 
thing of a miracle by being the 
only player not to drop a shot 
throughout the day as he put 
together a 67. 

i (Sp), 0 Seflberg (Swe). 
sell (US). S Bennett, C 

71: A Russell 

Moody,‘R Roper. M Mackenzie. 
N Faido, A Johnstone (Zhn), M 
McLean, W Riley (Aus), M 
Bembrfdge. L Jones, M McNulty 
(SA), M Psrsson (Swe), O Moore 
(Aus), G Levenson (SA). 
’denotes amateur 

“I think it is ridiculous that 
those players competing here 
who need to pre-qualify for 
the Open will not have suffi- 
cient time to play a practice 
round before such an impor- 
tant championship,” said Ste- 
phen. “If the guy wants to fly 

Whal David Feherty would 
have given for such a round. 
The Ulster man. who won the 
Italian Open two months ago, 
completed an 83 by pulling 
three drives out of bounds at 
the 17th where he marked a 10 
on his card. 

Feherty was not alone in 
coming to grief as Howard 
Clark struggled home in 75 
and contenders such as Gor- 
don Brand junior (81). Robert 
Lee (78). Philip Parkin (82) 
and Paul Way (78) all fell by 
the wayside with even higher 


Pressure mounts on British 

as Americans forge ahead 

From Jenny MacArthur, Aachen, West Germany 

The Americans have moved 
into the lead at the end of the 
first part of the team competi- 
tion for the world champion- 
ships here after a tense 
opening round. 

Britain, who were level- 
pegging with the Americans 
for much of the competition, 
are a close second. West 
Germany are lying third, just 
ahead of France. Britain's four 
riders cannot afford to make a 
mistake in today's Nations 
Cup competition if they are to 
have any chance of overtaking 
the polished American 

West Germany’s Paul 
Schockemohle, who already 
has three consecutive Europe- 
an titles under his belt has 
gone into the lead for the 
individual title after a superb 
round on Next Deister, which 
had the home crowd almost 
beside itself with excitement 

Britain's Malcolm Pyrah and 
Nick Skelton are in fourth and 
fifth places respectively, sepa- 
rated from Schockemohle by 
the two Americans, Conrad 
Homseld and Michael Matz. 

Yesterday's class, in which 
15 teams took part was a 
speed event in which seven 
penalty seconds were added to 
the rider's time. Arno Gego’s 
cleverly designed 14-fence 
course contained an unusual 
treble with a water jump as the 
middle element It caused by 
far the mo$t trouble on the 
course with riders pushing on 
bard in order to dear the water 
and then finding their horses 
unbalanced for the third 

Nick Skelton set the stan- 
dard for the rest of the British 
team when he produced a 
superb clear round on Raffles 
Apollo to take the early lead. 
Michael Whitaker and Next 



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| _ -ftrwcnde — 

Warren Point had a foot in the 
water but were fast enough — 
luckily for Britain as things 
turned out — to stay in 
contention. They were fol- 
lowed by another fine dear 
round from Malcolm Pyrah 
on Toweriands Anglezarke, 
the horse on which he won the 
individual silver medal at the 
last world championships in 

Meanwhile, the Americans 
had been matching the British 
almost stride for stride. They 
had clear rounds from Mi- 
chael Matz on Chef and Katie 
Monahan on Amadia and 
seven penalty seconds added 
on to Katherine Burdsall’s 
score with The Natural after a 
foot in the water. 

It all hinged on the perfor- 
mance of the two final riders. 
America's fourth team mem- 
ber, the experienced Conrad 
Homfeld. with Abdullah, nev- 
er looked in any danger of 
hitting a fence and produced 
the fastest round of the team. 

Britain's fourth rider, John 
Whitaker, on Hopscotch, 
fared less welL So often in this 
crucial fourth position 
Whitaker is normally one of 
the most reliable team mem- 
bers. Yesterday however. 
Hopscotch was momentarily 
distracted and had a refusal at 
fence four, a blue and white 
upright, and so with his score 
climbing into three figures his 
became the discounted one 
(the best three scores count for 
the team championship). 

It was lucky that his brother 
Michael's quick thinking in- 
spired him to produce such a 
fast round which made up for 
his penalty at the water. 

The French, billed as joint 
favourites with the Americans 
and British, had a disappoint- 
ing opening round from 
Patrice Delaveau on Laeken. 
With their last rider, Michel 
Robert, on Lafayette, having a 
knock-down at fence four, 
they relied heavily on Pierre 
Durand on Jappeloup and 
Frederic Cottier on Flambeau 
to keep them in contention. 
Durand produced a typically 
fast dear round and Cottier, a 
member of tbe winning side at 
the Iasi world championships 
in Dublin, had a foot in the 
water but like Whitaker wem 
fast enough to keep his team in 
the picture. 

Today’s two-round Nations 
Cup competition will decide 
the team evenL The 20 best 
riders in the team event then 
go into the third leg of the 
individual contest on 

TEAM STANDINGS (after first 
round* 1. United States. 6.88: 2, 
Great Britain, 12.69: 3. West Ger- 
many 1&27: 4. Franca. 19.82; 5. 
Canada. 24.88; 6. Mexico, 28.30; 7, 
The Netherlands. 29.59; RJWv. 
3072; 9, Switzerland. 37.42; 10. 
Austria. 41.28. tncSvldual stand- 
ings: 1. P Schockemohle (WG). 
score 0; 2, S Homfeld (US). 0£9; 3. 


Monahan (US). 3.92; 7. J-F 
Hernandez (Max). 4 02: 8. I Miter 
(Can). 421: 9. P Durand (ft). 4" 

Whitaker. 6.67; 


77.: - 



First published in 1785 

* ★ **.*-* 


Moscow summit: Babka raises an arm after raising his record 

View from up above for 
the man named Bubka 

From Pat Botcher, Athletics Correspondent, Moscow 

Sergei Babka has no peer, 
and he knows it. He has 
proved himself tbe best in the 
world not once but six times, 
the latest occasion being two 1 
nights ago here in the Lenin 
stadium. He does not go oat of 
his way to impress his superi- 
ority on anyone. Bat if anyone 
asks, he states the evidence. 

The man from L’Eqaipe 
asked what Babka thought of 
his French opposition? Like 
some Lord of the snows boldly 
watching Napoleon’s retreat 
from the Moscow winter, 
Babka replied impassionately: 
“I have no opposition at the 

Olson finished out of the 

In Rome almost two years 
ago another pretender, Thier- 
ry Vigneron, unproved by one 
centimetre the world record of 
5.90 metres that Bubka had 
set in London. Bubka respond- 
ed five minutes later with 
another world record, 5.94. 
Only the Soviet boycott of Los 
Angeles has deprived Bubka 
of the single prize, an Olympic 
gold medal, that he now needs 
for historic greatness. 

he had cleared the bar an bom- 

Speed and strength 
are his talents 

The way he cleared 6.01 
metres by a boot a foot here on 
Tnesday night suggests that 
there will be no opposition for 
a long time to come. There 
have been pretenders of 
course. And one of them made 
an inadvertant and hilarious 
entry to Bubka's post-victory 
press conference. A laborious 
translation was loudly inter- 
rupted by a tannoy announce- 
ment. The frowns and 
complaints dissolved in echoes 
of Bubka's laughter when the 
person announced was a “Dr 

Billy Olson, of the United 
States, managed to beat 
Bnbka in Madison Square 
Garden in January. Two 
weeks alter Olson's win, 
Babka went back to New York 
and won the .American title 
with a world indoor best. 

He is not one of tbe most 
tactically correct pole-vault- 
ers. Vigneron is better. The 
way Aleksandr Krupsky le- 
vered himself np off his pole 
and wrapped himself around 
the 5.60 metres bar without 
tou ching it was a model of 
gymnastic efficiency. Bnt 
Bnbka has other talents: 
speed, strength, and seemingly 
unlimited competitive aggres- 
sion. Krupsky stayed on 5.60 
metres, and Bnbka did Ml. 

The press conference was 
devolving into a debate on the 
respective merits of hard and 
soft poles, and most of ns were 
nodding off. Suddenly, with as 
much subtlety as if a 161b shot 
had been sent hissing towards 
him, came a question which 
committed Bnbka to finish off 
the conference as effectively as 

“Sergei,” a Bulgarian corre- 
spondent quizzed, his voice 
doll with sincerity, “to whom 
do yon dedicate your records?” 

It was a loaded invitation, 
reminiscent of questionnaires 
to East European athletes in 
the 1950s by Western maga- 
zine editors determined to 
detect the deviation of the 
“personality celt”. In those 
days, tbe question ran some- 
thing like: “Do yon like being 
a star, or would yon rather jnst 
be a man in Gorky Street?” 

This latest version was 
equally baited and, as we 
waited for the response, we 
wondered: would it be Com- 

rade Gorbachov, implying po- 
►? Or would it 

litical correctness? 
be Ted Turner, tbe ebullient 
television magnate from Geor- 
gia, who funded these Good- 
will Games, and who walked 
into his own press conference 
three days ago with a, “hi 
y'all, seen any of my Commie 

Bubka may look less than 
ready but he is uo mag. “I 
dedicate my record to ay son, 
Vitaly, who is one-year-old 
tomorrow.” We almost 

Bubka intends to have only 
one more competition before 
the European championships 
in Stuttgart next month, and 
that will probably be at the 
Mobil Grand Prix meeting in 
West Berlin on Angnst 15. 


for Ovett 

Sieve Ovett, an impressive 
winner of the mile in Cork on 
Tuesday, plans to run only 
two more races before the 
Commonwealth Games. 
“They will be at a mile or 
3,000 metres,” said OvetL 
He confirmed that he would 
not be running in the Peugeot 
Games at Crystal Palace to- 
morrow night. OvetL who 
won in 3min 52.99sec, re- 
affirmed his intentions to 
continue competing in the 
four-lap evenL “I haven't 
given up the mile, but I'll wait 
until after the Commonwealth 
Games before deciding wheth- 
er I’ll make an attempt to run 
in the 1,500 metres in the 
European Championships," 
he said. “My aim at the 
moment is to win the gold 
medal in the Commonwealth 
Games at 5,000 metres." 

Clash plea 

Rugby League officials are 
to contact tbe Manchester 
United chairman, Martin Ed- 
wards. to find a solution to the 
clash which threatens to affect 
the attendance for the first 
Great Britain v Australia in- 
ternational at Old Trafford 
(Keith Macfclin writes). Hie 
game is scheduled to be played 
at the same lime as the united 
v City derby at Maine Road. 

Henley extra 

Gilhody. new match 

Try again 

Less pay 

Players at Workington 
Town Rugby League Club 
have agreed to a pay cut for 
next season. The first team 
have taken the reduction to 
help the dub revive the sec- 
ond team. 

Ray Gilbody. the British 
bantamweight boxing champi- 
on from St Helens, is being 
given a second chance to 
challenge for rhe European 
title. Gilbody lost a narrow 12 
rounds points decision to 
Italian champion. Ciro de 
Leva, in February. The Euro- 
pean Boxing Union say pro- 
moters have until July 30 to 
submit purse offers. 

Britain’s main hopes for 
gold medals at the world 
rowing championships at Not- 
tingham next month all take 
pan in the Lucerne interna- 
tional regaua this weekend. In 
the men’s heavyweight boats 
the main contenders will be 
Steven Redgrave and Andrew. 
Holmes, the doubles sculls 
winners at Henley. 


Ferrari ire 

Madero toast 

Rockhampton (Reuter) — 
Argentina gained a 21 -point 
contribution from their cen- 
tre. Rafael Madero. as they 
swamped a Queensland Coun- 
try rugby union selection 41-6. 

Maranello (AP) — Enzo 
Ferrari, head of the Italian 
Formula One team. Ferrari, 
has described as “ridiculous” 
a report that he was consider- 
ing pulling the team out of 
racing. The S 8 -year-old 
Ferrari said: "The Jack of 
results added to bitterness at 
the repeated criticism could 
never be motives to lead me to 
retire from Formula One.” 

Cologne (Reuter) — The 
former England footballer. 
Tony Woodcock, will return 
to Cologne for less than a fifth 
of the price the West German 
dub paid for him seven years 
ago. Woodcock, who is costing 
£140,000. will sign a two-year 
contract next Tuesday. 

Breathe again 

Debt-ridden Wolverhamp- 
ton Wanderers Football Cub 
won yet another reprieve yes- 
terday when the Appeal Court 
— inied an adjournment until 

uly 30 of an appeal against a 

winding-up > 


pulls off 
old trick 

From John Wflcocksoa, 

Guido Bontempi, who won 
five stages of the Giro d'ltalia 
last month, was a convincing 
winner of the sixth stage of the 
Tour de France yesterday. 
The tall Italian, aged 26, 
roared up the long dimb to the 

finish and had almost 20 yards 

to spare on Roberto Pagnin, a 
compatriot, and tbe three 
other members of a breakaway 
which developed in. the final 
20 miles of a surprisingly 
rapid stage. 

Bontempi succeeded Andre 
Leducq, one of the sport’s 
greatest sprinters, who won 
the last Tour de France staj 
to finish in Cherbourg in 192! 
Thanks to his victory yester- 
day, Bontempi moved to thud 
overall, 37 seconds behind 
Johan Van.der Velde, , the 
overnight leader, whose Pana- 
sonic team closed a . two 
minute gap' to 56 seconds in 
the fust six miles. 

These were the bare brines 
of a sunny, windswept day. 
but the flesh was provided by 
Bernard Hinault, one of the 
race favourites. The Breton, 
aged 31, has not paid much 
attention to the bonus sprints 
this year, so it was regarded 
with amusement when he 
feigned an attack jnst after the 
day’s second sprint, just 30 
out of Villers-sur-Mer. 


The only other team leader 
to react to Hinault’s move was 
Stephen Roche, the Irishman, 
who is quickly regaining his 
best form. Roche had three of 
his Carrera team-mates with 
him and they joined forces 
with Hinault to force a 90- 
second lead within five miles, 
while in the leading group of 
) I were three Panasonic riders 
who did all they could to slow 
the pace. 

Behind, the Syst&me U 
team of Laurent Fignon, and 

Tour results 

(Fr). - aB sa 
time. Other placing*: 12, 
McKenzie (HZ) : 16. S Roche (h 

SIXTH STAGE: (VBIere-sur-Mar to 
Cherbourg. 125 mites): 1, G 
Bontempi (It), 4hr 470*1 Olsec; 2. R 
Pagnin (tU. at 2sec; 3. J Bemaudeau 
(FrJ; 4. M Sergeant (Beig). both 
same time. 5. J Garde (Fr), 12; 6. J 
Ueckens (Belg). 56; 7. E 
Vanderaarden (Bdg); 8, M Hermans 
9. P Stevenhaagen (Nett?); 

! ' E 

18. M Earley Ore); 33; G Lemond 

(US* 45. R Miliar (GB); 47. P 
Anderson (Aus); 160, S Yates (GB); 
173. P Kknmage (Ire), an 56. 
OVERALL: 1, j Van der Velde 
(Noth). 23hr 49mm 47sec; 2, O 
Gaigne (Fr), at 36; 3. Bontempi, 37; 
4/T Marie (FA. 42; 5. C Motet (Fr). 
45; 6. L Fignon (Fr). 49; 7, J Peter 
(Fr). 56; 8. Y Madiot (Fri. 1:02; 9. E 
Boyer (Fr). 1:05; 10. E Maechler 

ffiwftz), 1:28. Other placing*: 12, 

Roche, 133: 19, Anderson, 1:54; 21. 
Minar. 2.-03: 30. Lemond. 2:44; 83. 
Eartey. 5:16: 100, Yates. SSI; 132, 
Kimmage, 6:15. 

Peugeot, yet another French 
squad, look up the chase. At St 
Lo, 30 miles after tbe initial 
attack, the gap was. still 45 
seconds. Sensing the danger, 
Fignon surged out of the pack 
on the long climb leaving the 
town. The Frenchman, who 
has twice .woo the Tour de 
France, took with him Charly 
Monet, his team colleague and 
two other race favourites, 
Greg Lemond and Marino 

The battle raged for another 
10 miles, but an acceleration 
by Silvano Comini, the Ital- 
ian. brought up the main 
group to quell the storm. 

Hinault has tried surprise 
attacks before, most notably 
two years ago when his efforts 
were designed to mask bis lack 
of effectiveness in the moun- 
tains. The plan did not work 
1984 because Hgnoo 


proved too strong. Perhaps the 
same scenario will be played 
out ibis year. 

Pursuit record 

Moscow (Reuter) — A Sovi- 
et cycling quartet set a world 
indoor 4.000m team pursuit 
record of 4 minutes 11830 
seconds in the qualifying heat 
at the Goodwill Games in 
Moscow yesterday. 

a torrent 

ttoerspoon' and out own 
Frank Brano at Wembley 
Stadium. Don't 7 worry, there 
are still some tickets available 

- 18,000 of them . So ; if you 

harry ymreonid help faring & 
smile to the . faces of -the 
promoters,-. Mike Barrett, : 
Mickey Duff and ibexr Ameri- 
can associate Don King, and 
help reach a record gate of 
5X,000._The prices are £50, 

£75, £100 and a few at £150. 

While the 33,000 so far. said ■■ 
-have passed thetotal for the 
Barry' McGuican-Eusebio 
Pedroza world title bout at 
Queen's Park Rangers’ 
ground, the “dream ' -fight” 
might ma^e it diffirahto beat 

: Etofffe confident that be wfll 
get a fall house. Bnt be wares 
he may be applying for an 
injunction fa toe Hi gh C ourt to 
stop the BBC and ITV show- 
ing advertisements for' the 
world title boot if they did .hot 
amend the advertisements 
which, according to Dnff im- 
ply that tbe contest will be 
going out live. He believed 
these advertisements were re- 
sponsible for holding up ticket - 

English should 
support Bruno 

King appealed yesterday ' to " 
all good Englishmen to come 
out and support their man. If 
his champion, Witherspoon, 
can fight as fast as King can 
talk; then finmo will be left 
stand fog, or -not 'quite. If 
WitberspoOn can pot his shots 
together with the ease with 
which King put together his 
words, then Bruno will be 

In a two-hour Press confer- 
ence “tbe greatest promoter on 
this planet Earth” whose con- 
catenations of cacophonous 
co nfabulations would leave 
Leonard Sachs speechless, 
took toe Press on a journey 
through Ancient Greece to 
mediaeval England, Rome and 
back to Ancient Greece, and 
even talked about .toe. wisdom 
of Socrates. “He took 
hemlock.” which prompted a 
wag in the gathering to re- 
mark : “And he also took a 
penalty and missed it.” ~ 

Let the word 
go forth : 

“Tins fight is part of an 
odyssey," King said. “It will 
bring the world bade to one 
champion. It's going to be a 
great battle jnst as in the days 
of the fiefdom of England and 
Pm going to dedicate this fight 
to toe Royal Family and the 
royal wedding . . and 
Witherspoon will be toe cham- 
pion, as in days of old, who will 
go out to fight for toe Queen.. 
This wOl be better than Sir' 
Lancelot as be did not appear 

on television. And even as the 
late, great Bard of Avon said 
'Uneasy lies the head that 
wears toe crown,' let the word 
go forth in the hinterland of 
London, England that we do 

not intend to lose our crown, 
and that we came, and saw, 
and conquered." 

King plans to buy a house in- 
London and promote shows 
regularly here. “I will, bring 
my champions: Livingstone 
Bramble, Hector Gunadu, . 
Aznmah Nelson, Carlos de- 
Leon. Tim Witherspoon, back 
to this beautifol country of 

According to King the first 
show will be a “double 
header” pn September 27 in 
London, when Bramble wOl 
meet Edwin Rosario for the- 
WBA lightweight title and; 
Camacho will take on Corne- 
lius Boza-Edwards for the 
WBC crown. * . 

Srikumar Sen 

Boxing Correspondent. 


Botham on the carpet 

Ian Botham has been asked 
to explain to the Test and 
County Cricket Board :why 
reports of his confidential 
meeting with their chairman. 
Raman Subba Row, were 
published yesterday in the 
national Press, The report, 
which first appeared in The 
Sun . said Botham would es- 
cape disciplinary action for 
calling the England cricket 
selectors “Gin-sodden old 
dodderers” in an after-dinner 
speech in Manchester last 

would still be able to' return to 
the first-class game with Som- 
erset on August 2. 

However, the TCCB issued 
a statement yesterday, saying: 

“Before any derision is made, 
whether the matter should be 
referred to the 
miuee the chairman will con- 
sult wiih . members^ of the 
Board’s executive committee. 

"The Board will also want 

to know why reports referring 
to the private and .confidential 

Botham, already serving a 


two-montb ban from 
dass cricket for bringing the 
game into disrepute by admit- 
ting he had once smoked 
cannabis, was ordered to meet 
Subba Row after the remarks 
in his speech were made 

Yesterday's report said 
Botham and Subba Row had 
an “amicable discussion" and 
it was understood toe ban 
would not be increased and 
that the England all-rounder 

meeting between the chair- 
man and the player have 
appeared in toe national Press. 
Botham is being called in fora. 
further meeting with the 

Botham’s. disciplinary trou- 
bles began on May 19^ when 
he was barred from playing m 
the two one-day international 
matches against ' -1 Ipjdia-ThC 
TCCB also deckled .not to 
allow him to play for England 
again until :bfs confession that- 
he bad smoked cannabis had 
been fuHy investigated: 

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