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V ® Zimbabw c's Prime Minister, Mr 
y ^M^abe, rejected the Howe mission to 
' Africa as “a useless exercise” 

• A leading black trade unionist, Mr 
: Amon Msane, was arrested on his 
■ return from a visit to the US 

• Hie South African Broadcasting Cor 
poration praised Mrs Thatcher for her 
“uncompromising stand ’ 1 on ganrtfong 

• Mr Leon Britten called on the 
Government to declare its readinesss to 
impose sanctions on Sooth Africa 


Sfr Robert Mugabe, the 
Prime Minister of Zimbabwe, 
last night completely rejected 

^Sir f«Al\fFrOrir Uam>aV . — * — - 

From Jan RasA, Harare 

ie, the President Botha on July 23 
babwe, and 29. 

ejected Another meeting, with Mr 

Sir Geoffrey Howe's mission Shultz, is proposed for the end 
to bn ng about dialogue in of the month for talks on Sir 
South Africa as “a useless Geoffrey's EEC initiative to 
e f2 ns f/ . , .. bring South Africa's white 

Mi Mugabe also said he rulers and black opposition 

tna.iih S }j Q|1 j. 


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wcMild not entertain further leaders to negotiate, 
mlks with Sir Geoffrey, the He was meeting Mr Botha 
Foreign Secretary, on his twice “to get an oppor tuni ty 
initiative. for having a first attempt for 

tie said he doubted the reaching an unde rstands, 
sincerity of the mission. He 
questioned what Sir Geoffrey 
“as a lone adventurer” could 
do when the seven-man Emi- 
nent Persons Group had 

“I might as well tell him (Sir 
Geoffrey) ifhe will come a g ain 
to see me about his initiatives. 

Certainly I cannot remain 
party to useless discussions.” 

He was speaking after a 75- 
minute meeting in Harare 
with the Foreign Secretary. 

He also referred to Sir 
Geoffrey's announcement that 
he hoped to involve Mr «« 

George Shultz, the US Secre- $9 - w»- r- 

tary of State, in the negotia- 

tions. “I can assure you we Sir Geoffrey m Harare be- 
wili not think much of the fore Mr Mugabe's attack, 
exercise even if it involves the and (then) to see what more 
Americans. there is to be discussed and 

“How do you persuade by canvassed. The prize is so 
mere word the Botha regime great.” 
to go into negotiations to _ _ ... ... 

dismantle apartheid without Sir Geoffrey said he and Mr 
sanction?” Mr Mugabe doubt- Mugabe “respect each other's 

Zimbabwe and Mozambique, 
on behalf of the EEC 

But he has made it dear that 
the mission goes beyond the 
Western European nations he 
represents as the President of 
the EEC Council of Ministers. 

In Lusaka on Wednesday he 
said he could be regarded as 
“the spearhead of a co- 
ordinated international efforts 
whose goal is the search for 
peaceful change”. The pro- 
posed involvement of the US 
is seen as providing the mis- 
sion with considerably more 

Sir Geoffrey is proposing a 
five-point of range of views to 
the black leaders. 

The chief elements of this 
appear to be that South 
Africa's apartheid system has 
to end; that there is still room 
for negotiation and any 
chance lor this must be pur- 
sued; and that comprehensive 
economic sanctions will not 
bring down apartheid. 

• Games an issae: Sir Geof- 
frey yesterday at the end of his 
discussions was told by Mr 
Mugabe that Zimbabwe was 
still “looking at the issue” of a 

canvassed. The prize is so Possible withdrawal from the 

Commonwealth Games in 

mere word the Botha regime great.” cj- zv uaiUCT 111 

to go into negotiations to _ _ _ Edinbuigh. 

dismantle apartheid without Sfr Geoffrey said he and Mr 

sanction?" Mr Mugabe doubt- Mugabe “respect each other’s Sir Geoffrey said the witfr* 
ed that “the sweettongue of Pg 5 ^. without accepting drawl of Ghana a nd. Nigeria 
Geoffrey Howe can mow the £■ J*** talks wre ^veiy was*-ver> r regrettable and he 

.. r, •_ M friAnHlv nram Hinvf” iirwvl Tmth mimfrtfK tr> rprftn* 

apartheid mountain” friendly, open and direct”. 

After seeing Mr Mugabe, Sir Zimbabwe was the second 
Geoffrey announced that leg of Sir Geoffrey’s shuttle io 
meetings had been arranged in the three southern African 
South Africa between him^nd fronlline states., of Zambia. 

urged both countries to recon- 
sider tfaeir decision. 

Parliament, page 4 
Praise of Thatcher, page 7 
Athletes' reaction, page 40 


The serious 

US protest Sanctions 
over union backed by 
arrests Brittan 

? '* , - ‘ • 

. . fells on Woody 
Allen, whose new 
film opens in 
London next week. 
He talks about the 
deadly serious 
business of being 
lhe wittiest film 
maker around 


• The Times Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prize of £4,000 was 
shared yesterday by 
lour readers: Mrs 

R. Wilson of Sheffield; 
Mrs F.Lovack of 
Ranby, Notts; Mrs 
RHicks of Burnham- 
on-Sea, Somerset and 
Mr D.Manning of 
Rainham, Kent 

• Portfolio list page 
25; rules and how to 
play, information 
service, page at 

• Tomorrow, 

can be won * £8,000 in 
the weekly 

competition and £4,000 
in the daily. 

On This Day 

Thomas Barnes, editor of The 
Times in !834, was d«crit^ 
by Lord Chancellor Lvndhurst 
as The mosl powerful man in 
lhe country ragei' 

Bar results r 

By Our Foreign Staff 

The Reagan Administration 
has strongly protested at the 
wave of arrests of trade union 
officials in South Africa and 
has called on Pretoria to 
release people detained under 
the state of emergency. 

The State Department said 
in Washington yesterday that 
Mr Amon Msane, a black 
trade union leader, was arrest- 
ed on return to Sooth Africa 
on Wednesday. 

• In Pretoria, Mrs Thatcher 
was praised yesterday by the 
South African Broa d casti n g 
Corporation for refusing to 
give in to “the mob mentality” 
behind the international cam- 
paign for economic sanctions 
against South Africa. 

Meanwhile, a small bomb 
exploded in the garden of the 
Slock Exchange building in 
Johannesburg. The Bureau for 
Information said it caused no 

• In Strasbourg, the European 
Parliament demanded that 
European Community states 
.impose immediate full eco- 
nomic sanctions against Pre- 
toria over its railure to 
abandon apartheid polices. 

• In Lagos the Foreign Minis- 
ter, Mr Bolaji Akinyemi, yes- 
terday urged other Common- 
wealth nations to follow the 
lead of Nigeria and Ghana and 
boycott the Edinburgh games 
later this month. 

• In London Mis Thatcher 
signed a Commonwealth 
Games friendship scrolL the 
day after the two African 
countries pulled out. 

The scroll, which has been 
on a 50,000-mile, 21-coimuy 
journey, has beep wrt tgr 
representatives of all 58 on»- 
nal entrant countries, includ- 
ing Nigeria and Ghana. 

Dw Jintuiw «rc tuwer unui unne 

anyone else at the London 
Chief Pobtical fWuL- 

CGnres P° 0<Jent Mis Savage, aged 51, an 

Mr Leon Brittan, the fonner obstetrician for 20 years and 
Conservative Cabinet Minis- mother of four children, has 

FRIDAY JULY 11 1986 





* By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 
Mrs Wendy Savage, the 
consultant obstetrician sus- 
pended tor 15 months over 
allegations of professional in- 
competence, claimed yester- 
day that she had been 
completely vindicated by an 
independent inqniry. 

Its findings have not been 
published, bat copies of the 
first half we made public by 
Mrs Savage's supporters yes- 
terday after being seat to her 
and the Tower Hamlets health 
authority in east London. 

The allegations of incompe- 
tence concerned the delivery of 
five babies. One was stiff-horn, 
another died eight days after 
being born, bat the others are 

The public inquiry this year 
revealed conflicts between 
Mrs Savage and some male 

Her sotiritar, Mr Brian 
Raymond, said: “Out of 58 
separate allegations we can 
find only four which tin 
inquiry panel considered valid, 
bat even these did not indode 
levels of incompetence. The 
others are held to be invalid.” 

Mrs Savage said she hoped 
to be reinstated at the London 
Hospital, Whitechapel, next 

The health authority said 
yesterday that members were 
being given copies of the 150- 
page section of the report As 
soon as recommendations are 
made, the authority would 
bold a special meeting “very 
quickly”, a spokesman said. 

The first part of tee report 
says:“Wedo not agree that the 
five cases, even if they should 
properly be taken together, 
reveal a consistent aberration 
of ctinkal jadgement 
“We do not agree that 
taking the five cases together, 
Mrs Savage's patients were 
exposed to unnecessary and 
unjustifiable risks. 

“We do not agree that Mrs 
Savage's conduct was, or is, 
not such as meets tee stan- 
dards reasonably required of a 
senior lecturer at a major 

**“Wefave heard no evidence 
of sufficient weight that Mip 
Savage's c ri te ri a for safe prac- 
tice are unreasonable. 

“We have heard no evidence 
of sufficient weight to faficate 
that Mrs Savage's general 
standards for safe obstetric 
practice axe lower than those 
of anyone rise at the London 

Mrs Savage, aged 51, an 



**> ;V:.^r. 

ter and hitherto regarded as 
one of the Prime Minister's 
closest followers, last night 
called on the Government to 
declare its readiness to impose 
sanctions against South Afri- 
ca. " 

Mr Brittan said that without 
the knowledge that Britain 
was prepared to take stronger 
measures against the Pretoria 
regime if necessary. Sir Geof- 
frey Howe’s mission to south- 
ern Africa would be “utterly 

Mr Brittan is one of the 
Foreign Secretary’s closest po- 
litical colleagues and his decla- 
ration last night left the Prime 
Minister looking even more 
isolated within her own party 
in her outright opposition to 

Mr Brittan's intervention 
came as the Prime Minister 
prepared to fly today to Cana- 
da where she is expected to at- 
tempt to win over Mr Brian 
Mulronejr, the Canadian 
Prime Minister, one of the 
seven heads of government 
who win attend next month's 
Commonwealth summit in 
London, to her stand on sanc- 

In the Commons, Mr David 
Steel, the Liberal leader, asked 

bees an outspoken advocate of 
natural childbirth 
After commenting on the 
findings yesterday, Mrs Sav- 
age joined hundreds of sup- 
porters, mainly women, 
including health workers, doc- 
tors, students, midwives, 
mothers and children, in a 
march in east London. 

Leading article, page 17 

warned potential investors in 
British Gas, which is to he 
privatized this autumn, that it 
will be returned to state 
control with shares bought 
back at the original price. 

The sale of British Gas is 
expected to raise around 
£8 billion. 

At : the Newcastle-under- 
Lyme' by-election campaign, 
Mr Stan Onne. shadow 
Energey Secretary, confirmed 
that a future Labour govern- 
ment would use a formula 
similar to that already pro- 
posed for regaining control of 
British Telecom. 

Under the BT “social 
ownership” plan shareholders 
will be given the chance to sell 
their shares back to a Labour 
government at the price at 
which they bought them - 
I30p compared with the cur- 
rent market price of 204p - or 
they will be able to exchange 
their shares for bonds, but lose 
voting rights. 

Mr Orme’s proposal, made 
in advance of the 

Mitterrand raises 
hopes for summit 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

Optimism about the chan- 
ces of a second superpower 
summit before the end of the 
year, as originally envisaged, 
grew significantly yesterday 
when President- Mitterrand of 
France ended a long series of 
talks in the Kremlin with the 
confident prediction that, de- 
spite obstacles, it would go 

ahwi H 

“My feeling is that it win 
lake place, but that diplomacy 
still has a lot of work to do,” 
the French leader told a 
crowded press conference af- 
ter a successful visit which has 

Mrs Thatcher which she was gained an added dimension 

more proud of — the praise because it immediately foi- 
showered on her by South lowed his talks in New York 
South African radio, the ho- with President Reagan, 
miliauon of the Foreign Seen©- A similar prediction that the 

tary io Zambia or the damage Gorbachov-Reagan meeting 
to the Commonwealth will take place as intended 
Games.” before the year's end was 

Mrs Thatcher replied: “I made here yesterday by Dr- 
think the argument a ggirua David Owen,- the Social Dem- 
general economic sanctions ocrat leader, after more than 
and punitive economic sane- 90 minutes of private talks 

Laa hooft nfnn 7* nritK V# r A nOtnli/ TVlKn/flirt 

lions has been woo.' 

with Mr Anatoly Dobrynin, 

the former Soviet Ambassa- 
dor in Washington who is now 
one of Mr Gorbachov's closest 
foreign policy advisers. 

Dr Owen told British corre- 
spondents that he believed the 
Washington summit would be 
held in December after the US 
congressional elections. He 
added, after also talking with 
Mr Arthur Hartman, the influ- 
ential US Ambassador, that 
Washington was expected to 
issue an interim reply to 
recent Soviet arms proposals 
“in a matter of weeks.” 

- Leading Western diplomats 
who have been following the 
French visit, pinpoint Presi- 
dent Reagan's recent speech at 
Glassboro as the main factor 
contributing to the new im- 
pression that the recent dead- 
lock over the summit date can 
now be broken. 

. M Mitterrand and Dr Owen 
emphasized separately that 
the Kremlin was insisting 

Continued on page 20, go! 8 

Surprise choice for wedding photos 

said: “I tern to doe 

can to make it go 

An Edhtbnrgb-kora fashion jtfy only concent s tee time 
hofographer working in New ^pect I shall only hare a few 

real sympathy with land- 
scapes. I find him be should do 
more and more of that” 

byLordChanreno y - . . u am iftnn said: “I have to do everything I real sympathy with land- Lord Snowdon, one of the 

as “the mosl powerfu _ By Alan Hamilton ^ ^ ^ make it go smoothly, scapes. I told him he should do royal family’s, favomed pbe- 

jhe country w An Edfateorgb-horn fosluon My only concern is tee time more and more of teat” tograpbers, and Prince 

Dnw focillk photographer working in New ^pect I shaft only have a few Mr Watson's agent, Mr Andrew's 3*^ 

Uar resuna . v«k has been chjwa by minutes to organize everyone. Peter Schah, said from New day: “I am delighted. He is a 

The results of the Council of Andrew and Mbs Sfr- when eweyw comes through York that tee hallmark of Mr gqj tS gjr? 0 fe! , ^ e ” >e 

Education's Trinity Bar . F«snson to take tee the door K tean need to be Watson's work was “high of tfae best fas^ photogra- 

SiMto are published photographs tf tee quite firm. I want ft to look energy”. “When Albert' and PM ^ 



Page 36 

Home Nws 3* (7 

Overseas ?-t® , 7 

Anats 26 letter* 

19 Mrtonflg 3« 

SSS j 

pwi -M II..MDtKS 12 



20 UaiBSM 

^ 14 - 16 1 Weather 
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royal wedding on July 23- 
Mr Albert Mackenzie Wat- 
son, aged 43, said front jus 
New York studio yesterday 
teat the invitation had come 
-ort of the bine” about eight 

"^tbeeAndrew had a® 1 ®*' 
ed hi® in the United State 
tot year, admired h® wrk, 
art invited hi® to loach at 

iwcribiiig tee commission 
as^^iSiir, Mr Watson 


Mr Watson said of Miss 
Ferguson: “I dunk she is 
wonderfaL I love her hair and 
her natural beauty; that is 
something I have to go after. I 
think there is a sense of fan 
and adventure about both of 
them which is nice”. 

Of Prince Andrew's own' 
photography, Mr Watson 
said: *T like his l an ds ca p e 
photographs. I think he has 

Prince Andrew met at Bock- 
ingham Palace they lnt it off 
very well and spent most of the 
day together” 

Although a newcomer to 
royal commissions, Mr Wat- 
son is a well-known fashion 
photographer whose work reg- 
ularly graces the covers and 
pages of Fqgae. His previous 
subjects have included Clint 
Eastwood, Sophia Loren art 

phera in New York. His vfock 
Is distinguished by impeccable 
lighting, great style and ele- 
gance. I have sent him my best 


Educated in Scotland, Mr 
Watson mad nafed from tee 
Royal College of Art Loadon, 
and went to work in Cafifoniia 
in 1970. He is married with 
two sons. 

Wedding photographs of 
the Prince and Prinress of 
Wales were taken fay Lord 
L ic h fiel d . 

A jubilant Mrs Savage on the march in London yesterday, i 
(Photograph; Tim Bishop). 

Investors warned 
Labour will buy 
back British Gas 

By Richard Evans and Sheila Gunn 
The Labour Party yesterday Government's biggest privati- 

zation scheme so far, immedi- 
ately raised fears that potential 
investors will be put off from 
buying shares in the new 

But Mr Peter Walker, Secre- 
tary of State for Energy, last 
night described ■ Mr Orme’s 
proposals as an “absurd 
policy” and insisted the nota- 
tion would not be endangered. 

“The privatization of the 
British Gas will only benefit 
the merchant banks, the stock- 
brokers and the advertising 
agents in the City of London 
and in the financial centres of 
the United States, Japan and 
Europe,” Mr Orme said. 

Mr Phul Channon, Secre- 
tary of Trade and Industry, 1 
yesterday launched a full-scale I 
assault on Labour’s “social ; 
ownership” plans. I 

He told the Institute of 1 
Chartered Accountants' annu- j 
al conference in Cambridge ; 
that Labour's policy was no 
more than “plain old-fash- ! 
ioned renationalization by an- ! 
other name”. I 




By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 

The pound fell sharply yes- 
terday, in response to renewed 
oil price weakness. But share 
prices continued to recover. 

Sterling's slide removed re- 
maining City hopes of an early 
base rate reduction. It fell 80 
points to $1.5170 against the 
(foliar and, more significantly, 
more than three pfennigs to 
DM3.2968 against the mark. 
The sterling index declined by 
0.6 points to 74.9. 

The main source for the 
pound’s weakness was lower 
oil prices. Brent crude oil for 
delivery in August was traded 
at $9.70 a barrel, and there 
were reports of some Middle 
East crudes being offered in 
London for $7 a barreL 
Government stocks fell by 
an average of 50p. but share 
prices were up again. The 
Financial Times 30-share in- 
dex rose by 9.1 points to 

Leading article, page 17 
03 price fell, page 21 

Israeli jets hit 
refugee camp 

Jerusalem -r Israel yester- 
day bombed a Palestinian 
refugee camp south of Sidon 
in southern Lebanon, military 
spokesmen said (Ian Murray 
writes). , 

The raid came scarcely 12 
hours after four Palestinians 
and two Israeli soldiers were 
killed in a gun battle- . 

Beach hattle, page 9 

Leading article, page 17 

MPs’ holiday 

The House of Commons 
will adjourn for the summer 
-recess on Friday, July 25. - 

10 years 
spy pair 

By Stewart Tendler 
Crime Reporter 

An East German mao and 
wife spy team described as 
“intelligent, talented and 
determined” were each jailed 
for 10 years yesterday at the 
Central Criminal Court, for 
workingas undercover intelli- 
gence officers in Britain. 

Reinhard Schulze, aged 33, 
and his wife Sonja, aged 36 , 
were convicted of acts prepa- 
ratory to passing information 
under the 1 920 Official Secrets 
Act Neither gave evidence 
during the triaL 
The court had heard that 
miniature spy equipment was 
hidden in the garden shed of 
their west London home, in- 
cluding “escape kits” with 
false identification papers and 
secret morse code messages 
from East Germany. The cou- 
ple had admitted possessing 
false papers. 

They were caught last Au- 
gust in a Special Branch raid 
summoned by M15 following 
the defection of Hans Tiedge, 
head of West German 
counter-espionage. The police 
were called in to catch the 
Schulzes before they too 
fled. The thrust of the 
Schulzes' work remains 

Sentencing them yesterday, 
the judge told the couple that 
they had been convicted on 
“overwhelming evidence of a 
very serious offence against 
this country and its 
citizens... Whether you have 
communicated secrets and 
caused actual damage to this 
country is not known. 

“If you bad not been detect- 
ed it is certain you would have 
done what you were sent here 
to do and had made elaborate 
plans to do it.” He said that 
although their offences were 
serious they would not be 
sentenced 10 the maximum of 
14 years, but would still each 
receive a heavy sentence of 10 
years for the espionage charge 
and three years concurrent for 
possessing false papers. 

The judge also made . a 
recommendation for their de- 
portation at the end of the 

GCHQ alert, page 3 





By Angella Johnson 
Southampton port health 
officials say they had warned 
P&O teat their cruise liner, 
Canberra, needed argent im- 
provements Id tee standard of 
hygiene before tee ship set sail 
for its cruise around tire 
Mediterranean which has left 
75 people stnekbyanoldeutt- 
fied sickness. 

They said tee liner should 
not have sailed from tee port 
on July 5 with 1,600 passen- 
gers on board after a health 
inspection revealed “grave 
concern” over hygiene in ca- 
tering and water supply. 

The inspection bad been 
carried out within hours of the 
last cruise which left 153 
people suffering from severe 
cases of vomiting and 

No cause of tee sickness has 
yet been found, but health 
officials said they told P&O 
there was a strong possibility 
the symptoms could reoccur u 
Stamfords were not improved. 

Within 24 hours the ship set 
off on the current enrise 
without making many of the 
improvements recommended 
and with three health officials 
on board. 

A spokesman for the port 
health officials said: “We were 
powerless to do anything to 
prevent the ship leaving port” 
A representative of the Los- 
don-based Communicable 
Disease Centre is carrying out 
surveys to try to isolate the 
fang. Two members of the 
Southampton public beatib 
services are looking at hygiene 

Mr lan Gibb, Canberra's 
captain, said the decision to 
sail was taken by the ship's 
owners. He said be has visited 
all the side passengers and 
claimed the Alness was only 
for a brief duration. 

But the BBC's bridge and 
chess expert, Mr Jeremy 
James, who had been taken ill 
on the previous anise, says be 
stiff suffers from the after 
effects of fatigue and trem- 
bling after planting a few 
flowers in his garden. 

Mr Brian McDonald, tee 
cruise director, says be has no 
plans to cut short the trip. He 
said the vast majority of 
passengers did not even know 
of tee problem. 

goes to law 

Mr John Macreadie, the 
Militant supporter newly 
elected as general secretary of 
the Civil and Public Services 
Association, is taking his own 
union executive to the High 
Court today over its ban on 
him taking up office on 

The CP5A executive yester- 
day reaffirmed its previous 
decision to ban Mr Macreadie 
until complaints of ballot- 
rigging during his election are 

The qew novel by 

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The greatest chase story of 




Wapping plant pickets 
are being paid £50 a 
week, High Court told 



Marches and demonstra- 
tions which led to unlawful 
picketing of the Wapping 
printing plant in east London 
were “planned and 
orchestrated” by the 
unions, counsel for 
International and related 
companies claimed in the 
High Court yesterday. 

Mr Anthony Grabiner, QG 
told Mr Justice Stuart-Smith 
that dismissed printers from 
the Sogat '82 were being paid 
£50 a week by the union for 
four days of picket duty at 

News International and re- 
lated companies are in court 
to try to curb unlawful picket- 
ing at Wapping and other 
offices and distribution depots 
for The Times, The Sunday 
Times, The Sun and News oj 
the World 

Mr Grabiner represents six 
companies: News Group 
Newspapers, Times Newspa- 
pers. News International, 
News International Distribu- 
tion. News International Sup- 
ply Company and London 
Post (Printers), and is acting 
also for Miss Pamela Hamil- 
ton-Dick, an advertising man- 
ager for The Times, who is 
seeking an order restraining 
the use of abusive or intimida- 
tory language and violence 
toward employees. 

Mr Grabiner referred to a 
series of leaflets seeking sup- 
port and giving information 
about demonstrations. One 
leaflet, aimed at the residents 
of Wapping, which was issued 
by the Joint Chapels Liaison 
Committee (JCLQ, showed a 
map marking entry and exit 
roads to Wapping and key 
points on them. 

It criticized union leaders 
for holding rallies as far away 
from Wapping as possible. It 
suggested that if they could 
“take the main gate” they 
could block the movement of 

That would, amount to a 
nuisance and an “unreason- 
able interference” with people 
getting in and out of the 

premises. The leaflet was a 
direct call to commit these 
acts, Mr Grabiner said. 

Thera was a dear link 
between the JCLC and the 
defendant unions, Sogat ’82 
and the National Graphical 
Association, he said. 

The unions and their offi- 
cials denied that a bus near the 
Wapping plant was a centre 
for organizing pickets. They 
daimed the top deck was an 
office for stewards, housing an 
essential telephone Link to the 
police, and the lower deck was 
a rest area for pickets. 

But Mr Grabiner produced 
an extract from a BBC inter- 
view with Mr Christopher 
Robbins, a Sogat official, in 

The Government is consid- 
ering legal action over librar- 
ies which are banning 
newspapers published by 
News International, Lord 
Bebtead. deputy Leader of the 
Lords, disclosed yesterday. 

He said that Mr Richard 
Luce, Minister for the Arts, 
was taking legal advice. 

which he said it was “virtually 
an operations centra”. 

Mr Grabiner said that vio- 
lence had occurred outside the 
plant for a long period of time. 
Trouble was an obvious con- 
sequence of demonstrations, 
which the unions should have 
seen from the outset, or at 
(east it should have become 
obvious very soon after. But 
he was not saying they had 
organized the violence. 

In a sworn statement, Mr 
Bruce Matthews, managing 
director of News Internation- 
al. said that talks with the 
unions had been going on 
since February, and he 
thought the injunction pro- 
ceedings might “embitter” the 

He said that after a final 
offer from Mr Rupert Mur- 
doch was rejected by the 
unions last May, even though 
their leaders thought it “very 
generous”, it was made clear 
that the dispute would be 

stepped up and he feared it 
would mean an increase in 
mass picketing. 

Earlier, the judge rejected 
an application .by Mr Bill 
Freeman, acting chairman of 
Sogat's London machine 
branch, who is said to be the 
picket co-ordinator, to pre- 
vent tire use of newspaper 
reports in affidavits, allegedly 
reporting comments by him. 

Tire judge said that the 
reporters in question could 
easily be brought to court to 
support their stories. ‘ 

Miss Brenda Dean, general 
secretary of Sogat '82, denied 
in a sworn statement that the 
union had instigated insults or 
inti nidation of employees 

It was “hardly surprising” 
that people were demonstrat- 
ing outside the Wapping plant, 
she said. But all Sogat demon- 
strations were organized after 
consultation with the police. 

She said thai she had fre- 
quently spoken out against 
violence. Although she had 
refiised a request to curb 
picket numbers, she had speci- 
fied that those who came 
along should follow the in- 
structions of stewards who 
bad done an excellent job, for 
which they bad been praised 
by tire police and Home 

The bearing continues to- 

• Police offered no evidence 
against Mr Stephen Clarke, 
aged 37, a compositor of 
Hobart Road, Cambridge, at 
Thames Magistrates' Court in 
east London yesterday after he 
denied obstructing the high- 
way outside the Wapping 
plant on June 28. The charge 
was dismissed and Mr Clarice 
was bound over to keep the 
peace for a year in the sum of 

Gary Smart, aged 32, of 
Carlton Road. Hartford, Kent, 
was yesterday remanded on 
unconditional bail until July 
31 by the court, charged with 
trying to set fire to wire 
fencing around the Wapping 
plant on June 28. 

couple ‘get 
in grants’ 

By Nicholas Wood 
Political Reporter 

A husband-and-wife team 
of private landlords in south 
Manchester is collecting 
£7,700 a week in rates and 
rents paid by the state for a 
dozen properties by exploiting 
the housing benefits regula- 
tions, it was daimed yester- 

They are getting an average 
£140 a week for one and two- 
bedroom flats and have also 
been given £750,000 in coun- 
cil improvement grants. 

Yesterday, the arrange- 
ments were denounced as a 
**rip ofT by Mrs Audrey 
Jones. Liberal group leader m 

The allegation comes in the 
wake of a campaign by a group 
of Alliance MPs led by Mr 
David Alton, Liberal chief 
whip and member for Mossley 
Hill, Liverpool, to make the 
Government bring tenancies 
for the unemployed within the 
scope of the fair rant 

Mr Alton says the lack of a 
ceiling on payments to land- 
lords of tenancies occupied-by 
people receiving bousing ben- 
efit means that homelessness 
has become a “boom, industry 

The total biU for rent aid 
rates subsidies for the year 
ended March 31- was 
£4.6 billion. 

Mr Alton raised the matter 
the Commons' last week 





New Rover shortage denied 

By Clifford Webb, Motoring Correspondent 

Morale talk after 
Stalker departure 

By Peter Davenport 

Mr James Anderton. the 
Chief Constable of Greater 
Manchester, has called an 
uraent meeting of all his senior 
officers today to discuss mo- 
rale after the suspension of Mr 
John Stalker, his deputy. 

Officers from the rank of 
superintendent up have been 
summoned to the conference 
at police headquarters after 
reports that morale has been 
badly affected by the investi- 
gation into Mr Stalker. 

Mr Anderton is expected to 
brief his officers on some of 
the background to the S talker 

Mr Stalker has been sus- 
pended while the police, under 
the leadership of Mr Colin 
Sampson, Chief Constable of 
West Yorkshire, investigate 
allegations that he had associ- 
ated with “known criminals”. 

They centre on his long 

friendship with Mr Taylor. 

Mr Taylor, who has no 
criminal record, is the subject 
of a separate police investiga- 
tion in Manchester and a 
progress file on the inquiry is 
now with the Fraud Division 
of the Director of Public 

Yesterday leaders of the 
Greater Manchester Police 
Authority met Mr Giles Shaw, 
the Minister of State at the 
Home Office, for 45 minuters 
to express their concern that 
the investigation, now seven 
weeks old. should be conclud- 
ed as speedily as possible. 

They are also thought to 
have attempted to have Mr 
Sampson removed from the 
investigation into an alleged 
shoot-to-ki!I policy operated 
by the Royal Ulster Constabu- 
lary, which he took over from 
Mr Stalker. 

Nalgo votes on strikes 

Up to 500,000 white-collar 
local authority workers are to 
be asked to vote in favour of a 
ballot on strikes after the 
breakdown of pay talks 

The national ballot was 
called by the National and 
Local Government Officers 
Association (Nalgo) after the 
employers' refused to increase 
a 5.96 per cent pay offer. 

The union had claimed 
12 per cent, or £900 a year, 
whichever was the greater, in 

what it said was an attempt to 
help to alleviate low pay 

The ballot will run from 
July 28 to September 4. Mem- 
bers will be asked if they are 
willing to strike for a maxi- 
mum of three days in any 
four-week period. The union, 
which last week unanimously 
rejected the pay offer, has 
planned a series of short 

Local government employ- 
ers said yesterday that no 
more money was available. 




An open verdict was record- 
ed by an inquest jury yester- 
day on Mark Hogg, who died 
after being recaptured follow- 

he 27-day inquest, 
Britain's longest, was told that 
Hogg was kicked and punched 
by police in Yeovil and by 
prison officers in Exeter. 

The jury foreman said: “We 
find no definite lack of care 
shown to Mark Hogg but feel 
certain aspects of his care 
while in custody reduced the 
chance of his illness being 
detected at an earlier stage.” 

The corner. Dr Richard van 
Op pen. said the words were 
unacceptable and the jury 
returned again before deckling 
Hogg died of renal failure and 
heart complications due to 
unknown causes. 

The new Rover 800 execu- 
tive saloon wfll be even scarcer 
than hs meagre stock 

of L500 cars suggests. Last 
night Austin Rover factories 
dosed for a two-week summer 

However, the company de- 
nied that it had blundered in 
choosing the day before the 
annual shutdown to launch a 
car that is considered crucial 
to its recovery plans. 

Mr Peter Johnson, Austin 
Rover sales director, said: 
“The timing of the launch was 
dictated by the market We 
had to give the 800 maxunmn 
exposure before the August 
boom begins. . 

“We may not have a lot of 
800s to sell Id August, but the 
enormous interest it has creat- 
ed will generate a lot more 
traffic through our showrooms 
and must increase sales of 
other models.” 

Rival dealers suggested that 
Austin Rover was deliberately 
keeping the 800 scarce in its 
first few months to create 
demand and discourage deal- 
ers from selling it at cut prices 
for quick sales. 

One Ford dealer said: “It is 
a common practice with most 
new cars and particularly ex- 
pensive ones. 

“When motorists learn that 
they wfll have to wait months 
for a newly launched car they 
are tempted to place orders 
early to get a good place in the 
queue. They are also prepared 
to pay the full retail price for 

Some Austin Rover dealers 
expressed doubts about the 
high prices of the top two 
models, £15£70 for the 825i 
and £18^00 for the Sterling. 
‘‘That is taking us into Jaguar 
and Mercedes territory with a 

l" one Midland 

dealer said. 

Austin Rover announced ad- 
vance orders for 1,200 cars, 
worth about £22 million. It 
said that most were for the 
more expensive versions, for 
use by company chairmen and 
chief executives. 

In the Commons, Mrs Mar- 
garet Thatcher, who test drove 
the car outside 10 Downing 
Street before the launch, said: 
“It is an excellent car and a 
superb design. I hope h will 
sell well and I can certainly 
recommend the bine one I 
drove this morning.” 

" She said: “The car is a top- 
class design and has a super 
engine. Every attention is 
being given to every detaiL It 
wi ll als o have special extra 
provision made for export to 
the United States. We wish It 
welL I have great faith in the 

when be quoted the case of Mr 
Caulfield, who owns nine 
properties in Denham- Drive, 
Newsham Park, Liverpool 
He said be received £524 * 
week in Tent and rates from a 
clutch of bedsits, which 
claimed back through hoi 
benefit His total income o: 
£120,000 a year is £70.000 
more than he . would have 
collected had the properties 
been controlled 
Mr GJyn Jones, a councillor 
on Clywd council in Wales, 
told Mr Alton that he had 
been informed that landlords 
are claiming benefits for ten- 
ants who have vacated their 

Army gets 
pills for 



:*% - - 

By Rodney Cowton 
Defence Correspondent 

- British soldiers are being 
issued with pills and injeo 
tions as protection in war 
against exposure to chemical 
weapons, which otherwise 
would be final 
The prophylactics have 
been developed at the Minis, 
try of Defence establishment 
at Porton Dowm The Soviet 
Union is estimated to hive 
about 300,000 tonnes of 
chemical agents and it £ 
thought. tO be planning (0 

make tire of them. if War 
breaks out. .= '~ 

The United States is now 
moving towards resuming 
production of materials ft* 
chemical weapons later I this 

year-. ; ■ 

British soldiers are now 

issued with pre-treatment pilb 
which would be taken- if a 
chemical attack was thought 
likely, and also injection? 
which a . soldier, who bad 
suffered exposure to chemi- 
cals. could administer himsett 
Porton Down,- m conjunct 
lion with industry has devel- 
oped a new gas respirator and 
improved protective clothing 
and over-boots, which are 
being manufactured for the 

Another advance is in the 
production of a monitoring 
device which. will enable sok 
diers to know exactly the 
degree of chemical concentra- 
tion around them in war, and 
so be able to tdl what is the apt 
propriate notion to take. 

Major-General David 
Goodman, director of the 
Army Air Cordis, addressing 
die International Aicsbow 86 
and Helimeet International at 
Winchester yesterday, said tho 
latest improvement to heli- 
copter technology means that 
a pilot, wearing night-vision 
goggles, and with the aid of 
computerized navigational 
equipment, could fly in almore 
complete darkness and 1 bad 
weather, and could eyenietH 
gage enemy helicopters with, 
air-to-air missiles (Richard 
Beeston writes). 




•j- V"- - : 


p? ■ ■ 


\'fC i p*;'* 


No charges in Bristol 
knighthood ‘offer’ 

There will be no prosecu- 
tions over allegations by Mr 
Alan Bristow, the helicopter 
entrepreneur, that he was 
offered a knighthood in return 
for dropping his support for 
the European rescue bid dur- 
ing the Westland affair, it was,' 
announced yesterday. 

In a Commons written reply 
Sir Michael Havers, the Attor- 
ney-General, said that the 
Director of Public Prosecu- 
tions had considered a Metro- 
politan Police report into the 

“He has- concluded th$ 
there is no evidence^dfirieni 
to justify tire institution , of 
criminal proceedings;' *T'V a 
Mr Bnstow, a . Westland 
shareholder, alleged on ITN3 
News at Ten programme on 
'February 6 this year that be 
was offered a knighthood 
two unnamed peers. The 
European' consortium's bid 
was eventually defeated and« . 
rival rescue package from the 
Sikorsky company, an AmerK 
can helicopter maker, was 
accepted by shareholders.. 

Security alert in Ulster as terror toll mounts 

Carnival cash 

The Arts Council has 
grants of more than £36, 


34 of the bands taking part in 

the Netting Hill Carnival 
west London, in August. A 
grant to the carnival's organiz- 
ing committee is to be an- 
nounced shortly. 


■ *2.76; Canaria Pa 2CC 
70 cents: Denmark D*r 9 00; 
UUraro MU 9.00: nwe Fn 8 0 S 
Germany DM ifiO; OMttr 60*: 
Greece Br tBO: KoUsiwi at ua rrajj 






Albums/Cassettes/Music Videos/ Compact Discs/Rock/Pop 
Disco/Easy Listening/ Classical/Country/Jazz 

While stocks last 


By Richard Ford 

The security forces in 
Northern Ireland tomorrow 
face one of their biggest tests 
since the signing of the Anglo- 
Irish Agreement when thou- 
sands of Orange men parade 
against a background of ter- 
rorist murder and confronta- 
tion threats. 

The parades take place as 
tension rises with the Provi- 
sional IRA killing three mem- 
bers of the security forces 
within 24 hours. 

Yesterday as the burial of 
Provisional IRA victim. Po- 
lice Constable John McVitty. 
aged 46, took place in Co 
Fermanagh, the families of 
two British soldiers were 
mourning their deaths. 

Private Carl Davies, aged 
24. from Colchester, Essex, 
and Private Robert Bertram, 
aged 20. from Tyne and Wear, 
died when a 1.000 !b bomb 
exploded as they examined a 
suspect car and trailer left near 
an observation post in 
Crossmaglen. Co Armagh. 

Private Davies, married 
with a daughter aged two, 
joined the Army seven years 
ago. His colleague in the 
Second Battalion Royal Angli- 
an Regiment was a single man. 

The killing of the two soldiers 
brings to 31 the number who 

have died because of the trou- 
bles this year 

Jan I: RUC Constable James 
McCandless. aged 38, married 
with two children and RUC 
reservist Michael Williams, 
aged 24, married, both from 
Ponadown, died in Provisional 
IRA bomb blast in Armagh city. 
Both Protestants. No one 

Jan 15: Pan-time Ulster De- 
fence Regiment Private Victor 
Foster, aged 1 8, single, killed by 
Provisional IRA booby-trap at 
Castlederg, Co Tyrone. Prot- 
estant No one charged. 

Jan 31: Martin Quinn, aged 34. 
single. Shot dead in bed at home 
in north Belfast Roman Catho- 
lic. Protestant para-militaries 
suspected of killing No one 

Feb 3: UDRPrivate John Early, 
aged 22, single, killed by Pro- 
visional IRA booby-trap at 
Belcoo, Co Fermanagh. Roman 
Catholic. No one charged. 

Feb 11:RUC Det Constable 
Derek Breen, aged 29. married 

with a daughter aged nine 
months, a Protestant and John 
McCabe, aged 25, a barman, 
married, a Roman Catholic, 
were shot dead in a Provisional 
I RA attack on a pub at Maguires 
Bridge, Co Fermanagh. No one 

Feb 18: Francis Bradley, aged 
20. single, shot dead in an 
incident involving British Army 
undercover soldiers at 
Toomebridge. Co Antrim. Ro- 
man Catholic. No one charged. 

Private Bertram, victim 
of 1,0001b bomb 

Feb 23:Antbony Gough. 
24. single, member of 
visional IRA, shot dead 

in Be! 

Omagh. Co Tyrone. Protestant 
No one charged. 

Apr 18: Pan-time UDR Private 
William Pollock, aged 27. mar- 
ried. killed by Provisional IRA 
car bomb in Castlederg, Co 
Tyrone. Protestant. No one 

Apr 14: Keith White, aged 20. 
from Lurgan, Co Armagh, died 
after being hit by a plastic bullet 
during rioting in Portadown. 
Single. Protestant No one 

Apr 23: RUC Inspector James 
Hazlett aged 54, married, four 
children. Shot dead by Pro- 
visional IRA at Newcastle, Co 
Down. Protestant No one 

Apr 26: Seamus MdQwaine, 
aged 25. angle. Provisional IRA 
terrorist escaped from the Maze 
prison . No one charged. 

May 7: Mark Frizzell, aged 19. 
single, beaten to death in east 


jnrident involving British Army May 7: Mrs Margaret Caulfield, 
in Londonderry. Roman Catho- aged 29, Pro 

lie. No one charged. 

Mar 15: John O'Neill, 

25 .single, beaten to death in 
north Belfast. Roman Catholic. 
Man charged with killing. 

Mar 1& Rifleman David 
Mulley. aged 20. soldier with 
Royal Greenjackeis. killed by 
Provisional IRA booby-trap in 
Castlewellan. Co Down. Single. 
From Sunderland. No one 

Mar 26: Part-time UDR Pri- 
vate Thomas Irwin, aged 53, 
married, four children, shot 
dead by Provisional IRA at 

Protestant married, no 
children. Shot by loyalist para- 
militaries as she lay m bed with 
her husband, a Roman Catholic, 
in north Belfast No one 

May IS: Herbert McConviDe, 
aged 61, former UDR Sergeant 
Mamed, one son. Shot dead by 
Provisional IRA in Newry. 
Protestant No one charged 
May 18: David Wilson, aged 37. 
Married with two children. Shot 
dead by Provisional IRA in 
Donaghmore. Co Tyrone. Prot- 
estant No one i ‘ 

30. Single. Shot dead W 
Provisional IRA after being 
dragged from his home a* 
Kiuen. Co Down. Roman 
Catholic. No one charged 
May 22: Mayor Andrew French. 
35. single, from Suffolk, serving 
with the Royal Anglian Regi- 
ment Protestant RUC Con- 
stable David McBride, aged 27. 
single, from Enniskillen. Co 
Fermanagh, Protestant RUC 
Constable Lawrence Smith, 
aged 24. single, from Qogbey, 
Co Down. Roman Catholic 
May 25: Frank Hegarty, aged 
45. lived m Londonderry. Shot 
dead by Provisional IRA for 
being an alleged informer. Ro* 
man Catholic. No one charged ■. 
May 28: UDR Corporal David 
Brown, aged 37. married with 
three children, killed in Pro- 
visional IRA bomb blast ifr ' 
KilkeeL Co Down. Protestant 
No one charged 

Jane 16: Terence McKeevo< 
aged 30. Married throe weeks. 
Shot by Provisional IRA as as a 
warning to businesses working 
for the security forces: Roman 
Catholic. No one charged. 

Wj I:UDR Private Robert 
HiU. aged 22. singe, lolled by 
Provisional IRA car bomb near 
home at Drumaness. Co Down.' 
Protestant No one charged 

J“ly 8: RUC Constable John 

McViuy, aged 46. married witfr 

three children. Shot by Pro- 
visional IRA hr front of soar 
aged 12, while working on 
"arm near Roslea, Co 

claims by 

Five cases of alleged assault 
on children by teachers have 
been submitted to the Crimi- 
nal Injuries Compensation 
Board by parents encouraged 
by an unprecedented award to 
a Nottinghamshire schoolboy 
earlier tins year. 

Supported by the Society of 
Teachers Opposed to Physical 
Punishment the parents are 
seeking redress after the police 
refused to prosecute in four 
out of the five cases. In the 
fifth, the prosecution failed. 

The board made an interim 
award of £200 in trust Stephen 
McKevin. aged 15. who suf- 
fered a swollen windpipe after 
an alleged assault. 

Miss Julie Macfariane, re- 
search co-ordinator of 
STOPP. said: "Stephen 
McKevitt's successful applica- 
tion has opened up a new 
channel of redress for parents 
and children.” 

day for 

Birkbeck College, London, 
whose future is threatened by 
a proposed cut in funding of 
30 per cent over- foar years, 
was told by London University 
yesterday that it could not 
provide a financial safety net 
(Our Education Correspon- 
dent writes). 

The news came on the day 
that the University Grants 
Committee was reconsidering 
the formula for funding the 
part-time students at 

The committee refused to 
disclose its decision but the 
information is to be released 
today at the same time as 
London University is told. 

Professor Roderick Flood, 
chairman of Birk beck's cam- 
paign committee, said: “In 
cash terms Birkbeck faces a 
ait which is 11 times more 
severe than the worse applied 
to any other university.” 

May 20: Colm McKeviu. aged . agh. Protestant. Noonecha/ged. 




of several hundred exceptionally 
fine and medium quality, handmade 


rugs and runners... 

aid others from the mom important mavhg centres of the EasL tnduded am maw 
antiques, sifts, kefims, nomatfics aid other unusual items, hot generafiy to bo . 

found on the home market 

This merchandise is the property of a number of princMe drect snportas fa the UJC* 
which has been cleared Cutt y J 

no reserve for immedete cash realisation. 

Evety item guaranteed authentic. Expert advice avafebte atSme of viewing. 

To be transferred from bonded warehouses and offered at the: 

ON SUNDAY, 13th JULY at 3pm. 
Viewing from noon same day. 

Payment cash, cheque or all major credit cards. 

A uctt o n — rs. a — 


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^■dSienhard Schulze, agi 



Bwcoa A Prpmi Ltd. 144/Mg Hew-Pnnrt 

UEMoaWl- Ttfc Pt-483«S73. 

Arrest of spy couple 

came after GCHQ 
alerted by messages 

Rv TmiHIw rrimpQMiAvtor 

rue times FRIDAY JULY 11 1986 

- «r > , . By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

# "yji I $ > UtUe escapes the monitors the Schulzes have been com- 

V n - > GCHQ, Cheltenham, with pared to two key members of F 

* Xsste*. its banks of computers and that spy group. C 

i -V” miles of tape recordings. Peter and Helen Kroger 0 

; • • ■ Butthe series of morse code were older than the Scf— 1 — - 

f ■ /'*' ''V- messages from East Germany, but they also lived a 

hJiZ Y : ; s=f- which GCHQ began to pick suburban life not far 
^ *« ■■ ‘ several years ago. were Heathrow AirporLAppa 

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Hat-k.,'--;.. "f. 

' 1 - ‘'iT- 

-i- ■ J' tsJ'*. 

mues 01 tape recordings. Peter and Helen Kroger 

- But the series of morse code were older than the Schulzes 
messages from East Germany, but they also lived a quiet, 
which GCHQ began to pick suburban life not far from 
up several years ago. were Heathrow AirporLApparently 
fairly regular and impossible American, they were, in fact, 

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to break. 

- Experts detected a call sign 
in the blocks of numerals, 
tapped out five figures at a 
lime. They were dearly in- 
structions to agents in situ but 
where were they? 

- The answer came on a 
summer’s evening last year 
when Special Branch officers 
raided a suburban terraced 
house and arrested Remhard 
and Sonja Schulze, who were 
sentenced yesterday as under- 
cover agents. 

-- The Schulzes, recipients of 
the coded radio messages, 
may have been part of an East 
German espionage operation 
using the most modern com- 
puterized communications to 
pass back messages. ' 

. The arrests came before 
others in the ring were found 
or East German plans 

The source which identified 
the Schulzes has not been 
disclosed but is thought to be a 
defector from eastern Europe 
or a western agent on the other 
side of the Berlin Wall. 

1. Under surveillance the cou- 
ple might have disclosed a 
great deal but an espionage 
panic on both sides of the 
Berlin Wall last August forced 
MIS to act quickly. 

1 At any moment the 
Schulzes might destroy evi- 
dence and flee. 

Heathrow AirporLApinrentiy 
American, they were, in fact, 
thought to have been East 
European and at the nub of a 
ring passing naval secrets to 
the Soviet Union. 

Yet no.Lonsdale, the master 
Russian spy of the Portland 
ring, nor a Houghton or Gee, 
the Civil Servants who passed 
on information, have been 
found this time. 

But two-thirds of a “one- 
time pad”, used for encoding 
or decoding messages, had 
been used up. The used pages 
covered SO blocks of numerals 
used for code. Recent mes- 
sages sent from East Germa- 
ny, overheard by GCHQ, were 
found still in code in the 
Schulzes' home. 

The Schulzes collected a 
series of maps and informa- 
tion, such as the flight paths 
for Heathrow, Stanstead, Lu- 
ton, Gatwick and Manchester 
airports. There was also an 
interest in routes and a succes- 
sion of Home Counties, Mid- 
lands and North-western 
towns which later suggested 
some strategic meaning to the 
police and MIS. 

But no transmitter was 
found with the Schulzes. 
Reinhard Schulze did have a 
desk-top computer and one 
senior police source has sug- 
gested that East German oper- 
ations in Britain have 
included the use of a comput- 

acnuizcs iiu&m. uouuj : 

deuce and flee. enzed system «? send mes- 

■One suspected East German sages in very quick bursts by 
apm t had been discovered last telephone. 

Uc MIS learnt about the 

■ges in Brii 

ithood 'offer' 

’ TTI 

year after he disappeared 

Special Brandi moved m 
and arrested the Schulzes as 
the first Soviet bloc “illegals”, 
intelligence officers living as 
citizens of a target country, 
Britain, since the Portland spy 
ring of 1961. Not surprisingly 

2U " 

MI5 learnt about the 
Schulzes through information 
from West Germany. The 
plan may have been to allow 
the Schulzes time to lead their 
watchers to other spies until 
the net was foil, but events in 
West Germany forced the 
Security Service’s hand. 

all mount 

Sonia Mid Rfeahml Sdwlze. agems uv— g the . 

£30m in More patients complain 

On August 19, last year, 
Hans Tiedge, the top West 
German rounter-mtelugenee 
officer, defected to East Ger- 
many. In the days that fol- 
lowed there were arrests in 
West and East Germany, Swit- 
zerland and London. 

Shortly after reatime on 
August 23, the day after 
Tiedge’s defection became 
public, a team of Branch 
officers called together that 
day after an MI5 briefing, 
raided 249 Waye Avenue, 
Hounslow, the terraced house 
rented by the Schulzes. 

It was the end ofa long-term 
undercover operation for 
which the East German espio- 
nage service, the HVA, has 
grown renowned under the 
leadership of Markus Wolf, j 
who created the service. 

Reinhard Schulze was given 
the name of Bryan Waldemar 
Strunze, who was roughly his 
age, born in Britain after the 
war with an English mother 
and a German father. 

Schulze came to Britain in I 
1980 using a West German 
passport but equipped with 
papers which supported his 
identity as Strunze. . 

A student of interior design, 
he went to live in a flat in 
1 Pownall Gardens. Hounslow, 
l west London, owned by Mr 

> and Mrs Albert Ferris. They 
grew to like their tenant, even 

> to fret at how quiet a life he 

1 In spite of being a student 
; with little money, be paid his 

- rent well in advance in cash 

- and installed a telephone in 

5 his flat „ , , 

Much of the time Schulze 
1- was studying. He took a 
y course in interior and kitchen 
design by post, completing the 
e course and passing with merit 
n in 18 months, instead of the 
e normal two years. The school 
n was so impressed that they 
ir recommended him to a Kings- 
il ton company looking for a 
n designer and salesman in 
e 1983. 

He had now been joined in 
Britain by his wife. The couple 
said they had met while they 
were both on holiday in 
Ireland the year before. 

Sonja Schulze used the Aus- 
trian name of Ilona Hammer 
and enrolled at a language 
school for a three-month 
course in advanced English in 

She then went on to a 
translators' course before 
starting work in the summer 
of, 1985. By now the couple 
had married. 

In the summer of 1985 
Schulze changed jobs after an 
arguement about overtime 
pay. His new compa ny 
thought he was extremely 
talented, with the potential to 
earn up to £50,000 a year. 

It all came to an end at 
Paddington Green police sta- 
tion after the arrests. Schulze s 
“legend”, false story, was 
flawed. He did not know that 
the real Bryan Strunze had a 
half-brother living in Britain 
or other simple details of the 
_e family. 




Solicitor is 

fined for 

BT shares 


A solicitor made 263 appli- 
cations for British Telecom 
shares using fictitious names 
when only one per person was 
permitted, magistrates at Bow 

If Brian Taub. aged 51, of 
Neville Drive, East Fmchley, 
north London, had been suc- 
cessful in all his applications 
and sold them the next day lie 
would have made a prom or 
£70,800, the court was tow. 

Taub. a solicitor of the 
Supreme Court, whose offio» 
are in Chancery Lane, denied 
five summonses of attempting 
10 obtain British Telecom 
shares, in the first trial oyer 
alleged frauds in the flotation 
of November 1984. 

He was found guilty ana 
fined £1,000 on each of five 

N summons, with £1,000 costs. 

■ — 77T — ~ for the book of Turner sketches (Photograph: Dod Miller) Mr Michael Wright, for the 

Auctioneer Mr James Miller taking bids at Sotheby s yesterday _ — ^ prosecution, said that Taub 

Turner sketch book makes £528,000 $rg£BB 

_ _ .. p.i. rArrMnmulpitt using false names. _ .. . 

A little Turner sketch book; 
bound in red morocco and foil 
of sunsets and storms caught 
in impressionistic 

brushstrokes, was sold at 
Sotheby's yesterday for 
£528,000 to two London deal- 
ers, David Ker and William 
Thomson, acting in 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

the Turner ejection .« the b? ™ 

Tate, of which only one other far event Pforzheinier Library, which 

remains in private bands. Sotheby s other f naw concentrates on early 

The Tate had decided not to of tbeday »tiw literature. The purchaser was 

go after it, bat Mr Andrew AAMQnes What ■ bidding over the telephone and 

Wilton, keeper of the Turner Vay Young ' Chnstopher moorago J 

collection, was expressing Robin's debut - for £134uvu. 

anxiety yesterday that the Also on offer The book trade believed this 

album might be split np and E.H.Shepard s M kp ano ther purchase by Mr 

__ _ y-w prosecution, said that. Taub 

f ill Ii | had admitted to investigating 

3^0ArUU officers that .he habifoalW 

7 made applications for shares 

using false name. . 

„ . He said that he thought the 

m book collector, ani was diat could happen 

nt for sale by the wou id be that his applications 
orzheimer Library, wsfficn wou |d be rejected and he was 
>w concentrates on early nol acting mshonestiy. 
eratnre. The purchaser was ,v. e morning of the 

TSStt-—-— -—«• » rwaspresent ’ t 

Thomson, acuug aiuum «■ ‘ -T — 

partnership. drawings sold udmitaa^ 

\Vben the hitherto unknown |y - an obvious way of turning 

sketch book came in for sale, the album into a better com- 
Sothebv's. hesitantly suggest- mercial proposition, 
d M^^ WOOfl. The other big “red^ovar: 
but by yesterday they t ad of the sale, a purtfolm ^ « f 
increased their prediction to ^ter-colo^vKws <*/*<£- 
£200,000 or more. shire ascnbwl to John 

JSSggaaa ^inatmoooalthongh 

Head bans Fewer air d eaths 
egg and 

spoon race dropped sharply in the tint 

*■ . . . . half of this year after 1985 s 

• A ^ horrific record, according to 

mvestigated by Avon edaro- ; c , ; ^ tom fHgfo iniema- 
tion antbority because of a ban 

on egg and spoon a^ sajk °^y IZ 8 ^ accidents were 
races at her infant school s t0 die record 

sports day., . low figure of 1984, and com- 

Mre Chn^ HarmesMte 21 in the first half 

bead teacher, of Highridge 

tofnnto School number of fatalities, 

near Bristol, said. *0® chil- _ dramatically down 
dren are far too young to have Qn ^ , s 9l3 ^ near ly 
a competitive spirit. • half occurred in a single crash 

“Last year there was a lot of J™n^iTea b» ?2? 

cheating, with chMrra putting fire and hit high 

their fingers over the eggs in SSJJd, killing 158. 
the eg^and-s^)^ rao^an Next worst was an Aerovias 

^^ P ““ 18rOPeS “ CaraveUe which crashed inio a 

- hH. i»G— a ^ Janu - 

By Michael Baily 
Transport Editor 

Fatal airline accidents 
dropped sharply in the first 
half of this year after 1985 s 
horrific record, according to 
statistics from Flight Interna- 
tional magazine. 

Only 12 fatal accidents were 
reported, equal to the record 
low figure of 1984, and com- 
pared with 21 in the first half 
of last year. 

The number of fatalities, 
340, was dramatically down 
on last year's 913, and nearly 
half occurred in a single crash 
when a Mexican Boeing 727 
caught fire and hit high 
ground, killing L58. 

Next worst was an Aerovias 

iSSSVtUmS STS to be another pmchase by Mr 
arntmimerons Fred Koch, an American mfl- 
lionaire collector of illustrated 

wl h? rf C STwrk new anSTprice record for a 

pabim succ^ Om wgic Constabte water-colonr when 
when it was published in 1924. ^ilL near Colchester 

1 fiStSi S3 fir 

r deaths Sex-shop 

ST- appeal 

Staof: Dead* (aB catgsr is lost j 

1986 13 

1985 913 21 a sex-shop chain failed 

14 yesterday in the Court of 
538 17 Appeal to force five local 

1981 175 13 councils to overturn their 

1980 §9 29 licensing laws. 

1978 637 38 However, Quiellynn, of east 

197 7** 1.034 21 London, owners of the Private 


Sonof each half-year report. ham council to reconsider the 

sight shows that they need very little company's application for a 

-ThSfwntt- yw of th. cdMon High Street sex shop. 

Of two 7473 on the runway at sir JohnDonaldson,Master 
Tenerife. _ of the Rolls, sitting with Lord 

mound that they were “poli- AJSSSSSt 

•AB of these figures are those which 

were known at the tane of pvhUca- 
tkxi of each half-year report, hind- 
sight shows that they need very htlle 

“Thtewwttie year of the collsion 
of two 747s on the runway at 

part in “sports” such as 
Wellington boot throwing and 
an obstacle course, but there 

were no winners and no prizes. 

“They seemed to enjoy the 
day, although I gpt nixed 
reactions from the parents, 
Mrs Hardless said. 

Mrs Jean GQlard, a Tory 
councillor and chairman of 
Avon County Councfl’s edoa»- 
tion committee, said: “You 
can't protect children from the 
harsh realities of winning or 
losing. It’s a vital part of lieir 
education and development. 

ary, kilting 87. 

For the first time. Flight 
International statistics indude 
deaths caused by sabotage or 
hi-jacking, involving arms or 
explosives. Those used to be 
excluded. Mr David 

tics at 


IUU- Uiwiiw _ _ — 

not Tunbridge Wells, Northamp- 
ton, Birmingham, ana 

aV But 0 n “ow that terrorism and Wm*r 
unbalanced people . were a comifaedvnththcl^aioov 
permanent fact of the airlines’ ernment Ack J? 8 - 
aound and air life they were which sex shops roust be 
Smuch a part of flight safety hcencol before they can 
as cockpit checks* operate. 

“He tried to contact his wife 
and two sons and stop ibemJU 
he was nol folly aware of what 
he was doing he would not 
have dedded to behave in that 
way," Mr Wright said . 

When the press carried the 
report about criminal charges, 
Mr Taub contacted the bank 

to return his applications. 

In fact no profit was made 
because his payments were 
refunded, Mr Richard du 

Cann, for Taub, said. 

Mr Wright said that 93 of 
the applications got through 
the screening and they could 
have made a £26^00 profit. 
The 170 applications that 
were detected could have 
made a £44,600 profit. 

In an interview with police 
Taub said: “I believe I was 
following an accepted prac- 
tice. I would not do anything 
by involving myself or^my 
family in any dishonesty. 

Mr Taub has been a solici- 
tor for 27 yeare. He is involved 
in conveyancing and commer- 
cial work. His job does not 
involve him in the Stodc 
Exchange, but as an individ- 
ual he has been buying new 
share issues for the past 12 
years. . .. 

“To buv new issues avoids 

with a view to sell straight 
away," he told the court 
Taub had a facility worth 
£575,000 at National West- 
minster Bank for buying new 
share issues. 

Ibe failure of hospitol stafls to Sh& failed, to answer 

notify relatives of patient ^^^bSdbSlost requests for information 
worsening conditions jffljdi the a family did about^ the changes m her 

reluctance of some doctors t discover that a terminally- father s condition. . 

answer complaints from iu4 relative had died in hospital For the next 1 

vi duals, to ambulance delays- .. , arrived at visiting consultant ignored her corre- 
Theombudsman, Mr An- und thf^amveoai vmun® spondencc his secretary 

thony Barrowclough, died just before visiting time fobbed off the won j^ bY 

nublished his annual report diefl J _i aT ;vps were not telling her he was on holiday 

zssxs. s sEjysssLsas syiffl.--; *e 

1,000 complaints and found aieriea ^ concern told the ombudsman he ^d 

cAme justification in. 57 per seen 110 oe not respond because he did 

^tofthoseheinv^ite^a rela- not regard himself at ^»nsi- 

10 Tier cent increase on tnc - f«r nstipnt s care* 

lu r? .»flr Thp number 



Inflation-proofing. Plus. Plus. Plus. Plus. 

10 per cent ““raise on ^ tives finding a man uncon- 
previous year T^I X \ Q}1S in his hospital bed three 

investigated was 25 per cem go ^ ^ ^ visl?Bd 

higher. —ideal him, when they did not think 

>_? toU he was seriously ffl. 

IUUUCU W»i Tl‘J . 

idling her he was on hotiday 
or was ill,' and the consultant 
told the ombudsman he aid 
not respond because he did 
not regard himself as responsi- 
ble for the patient’s care. 

“I found his failure to take 
any action at all inexcusable,” 
Mr Barrowclough comments. 
“1 found his attitude to a 

-^•ou.buds^nis^ “SWT. 

s-sfia-w^nSs no^ e rffi M or^ rts 1 - 

Sft-sst &as - 

.hem me opporiumg u> see ggjgg&FEm 

dental surgeon. The hospital 

• 1 ^ ^ _1 administrator asked the sm- 

Buy British appeal 

A “tmy SSthSfoonties 1 ttfmre fi»U ^mburSman^sasre foe 

consideration to British delay was ‘‘whoHy 
n^ded rf foe . { jq gon^a- eqmpmenL unacceptable” and desenbes 

menl industry^ not w suitor ^-HeaL aathonties shoald ^ surgeon as “at best m^t 

ers in » *- 000 ships ar- 

that some ggj. 

rived in British 
one can te# difficulties we 

^ ^»°SSng out any one 
face in seeking have 

container which may 

drugs OD .5°2r o ubtic had a 


SinSSiiSd^i near 


favounte spots, bu ^so 

foe Scottish .^jfpeople 
flpse 5 a * } 00 and ask 

+ 3 % 
+ 4 % 

+ 4 % 

+ 4 % 

If you hold until 1 August 1986 

If you hold until 1 August 1987 

If you hold until the 5th anniversary 
o f purchase 
If you hold until the 10th anniversary 
of purchase 

accdrdl ^JS/ f ,dSrv body equipment, whge tins can be he dealt with the 

Goven ^?WdT7Geor^ shown to increased complaint” 

on applied researen i efiiciency, it adds. The same surgeon was the 

Hfll writes)- The NHS is more conserva- su hiect of two similar com- 

towards new^dkaltohr ^ in which he took more 

*** the NHS’s oologies than otfar cwnitnes, dian four months to respo^ 

■»^ l gSS?yS5a. the report says. This wtaces l0 the hospital administrators 
ageoftfsdonu ^ effectiveness m foster^ requests for comments. When 
the Advisory f”®J“j£Ltop- export potentiaL “fa the NHS, he did eventually respond, it 
plied Research ®» wcloir ^ gnnnal expeaditmi tends ^ with a one-sentence "no 
mentsays. ttnpA u s rf “a to be the driving imaDml comment” note. . . 

The report speaas ay^tion, rather foan profit, Tbe am bulance service is 

potential for overa H economic impact, or coteed in some cases for 

would major even efficiency”. causing delay, hardship and 

wondering howao^^iJSVij Funding of gaenil practice ^cem patients or thenr 
British todnsbry. ^ Britain inhibits the growth families. The supervision of 



, *K5s3SSflSS5 

of that ^ the 5 and 10 year bonuses. Bonuses, on top of supplements. 

So if you bought yoiff Cerdfacatts | on t^ofbdexig, anSnot a 

jn the last 5 yeais you are already on ™ n voftav mnav 

your way to earning the first bonus - 4% u4f/ ^^nthat 1 
of the purchase jaice. Tax-free. national 


«re, at lower cost thw !««!»- n;n/ fieport of lke Heahh 
clinical raj^2tirtnn” tals can- . Service Commissioner for Se$- 

tofort ^S?SSnU provide Mediad Equipment (Stanooery ^ ms-lW (Stauonery Of- 

OfitegjO); ; fce:£S.20). 






EEC budget 

South Africa crisis 


PM declares argument 
against economic and 
punitive sanctions won 


Mrs Margaret Thatcher, the 

Prime Minister, again called 
during Commons question time 
for an end to violence in South 
Africa and a search for a 
peaceful solution. She said she 
hoped the whole House would 
wish Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, weH in his 
great endeavour. 

He added that she thought the 
agrument against punitive eco- 
nomic saniions bad been won. 
Sir John Biggs-Dansoo (Epping 

Forest, O had asked for an 
assurance that the Government 
would not countenance force 
against South Africa. 

Mr David Steel, Leader of the 
Liberal Party: Looking back on 
the whirlwind of interviews the 
Prime Minister has given over 
the last 48 hours, of which result 
is she most proud: the paean of 
praise showered on her by 
Pretoria State Radio, the 
humiliation of the Foreign Sec- 
retary in Zambia, or the da ma g e 
to the Commonwealth Gaines 
in Edinburgh? 

Mrs Thatcher 1 think foe 
argument against general eco- 
nomic sanctions and punitive 
economic sanctions has been 

majority of British people reject 
foe use of force, wish to have a 
suspension of violence, wish to 
have a peaceful solution and 
support the Foreign Secretary in 
his mission. 

Mr Raymond PoweH (Ogmore, 
Lab): The Prime Minister can 
get into a fit. about sanctions 
against South Africa, but has she 

considered bow many people 

out of work? in my 

The logic (he went on) of the 
Leader of the 

Jtion’s ad- 
vocacy of mandatory United 
Nations sanctions, according to 
Mr Denis Healey, is that we 
must be prepared for a naval 
action against South Africa. 
That was the ex-minister who 
wanted to arm the South Af- 
rican navy. 

Mrs Thatcher: This Govern- 
ment is not talking about the use 
of force in connection with 
apartheid. Rather are we calling 
for a suspension of violence on 
ail sides and seeking a peaceful 

Mr Jeremy Hanley (Richmond 
and Barnes, C): Perhaps the 
House is losing sight of the 
positive steps the Government 
is taking to help blacks in South 
Africa and those living m the 
frontline states. Would she take 
this opportunity to remind us? 
Mrs Thatcher. At the recent 
European Community heads of 
government meeting we agreed 
to take positive measures to 
help the blacks in South Africa 
and allocated a further £15 
million over foe next five yean 
for that purpose in addition to 
the £22 million we are already 

With regard to aid to southern 
Africa, last year we gave aid of 
some £70 million to Zimbabwe. 
Zambia. Mozambique. Lesotho 
and Swaziland. 

she has put 
constituency ber Government 
has closed five collieries, put 
5,000 miners out of work, and 
since foe miners' strike hun- 
dreds of miners have been put 

out of work as a result of the tact 

that coal is being imported from 
South Africa, what is she and 

Steel: Which achievement is 
she most proud of? 
won. I notice that The Guardian 
said today: “Economic sanc- 
tions will not bring South Africa 
to its knees: they win mean that 
black children starve; the 
desolation of foe Pretoria econ- 
omy would be a tragedy for all 
Africa." That is true. Is that 
what he wants? 

Mr David Wionick (Walsall 
North, Lab): Those of us who 
are very much opposed to her 
policy on South Africa hope 
nonetheless that foe Common- 
wealth leaders when they meet 
will bear in mind that the Prime 
Minister does not represent foe 
majority of British opinion and 
moreover the days of her 
wretched administration are 
coming to an end. (Conser- 
vative protests) 

Mrs Thatcher: I am afraid he is 
guilty of wishful thinking on the 
latter point. The overwhelming 

her government going to do to 
stop that? 

Mrs Thatcher: Judging by the 
drift of his question he is against 
causing further unemployment 
by imposing sanctions on South 
Africa. To impose sanctions on 
South Africa would cause fur- 
ther unemployment here. 

•It would be a tragedy if the 
African nations were to think 
the British people supported the 
Government's policy on South 
Africa, Mr Harry Ewing 
(Falkirk East, Lab) said when he 
unsuccessfully sought an 
emergency debate on the threat 
to the Commonwealth Games 
in Edinburgh. 

He said many believed foe 
withdrawal of Nigeria and 
Ghana from the games, which 
was likely to be followed by 
other African states in foe 
Commonwealth,- was the 
beginning of the breakup of the 
Commonwealth. A debate 
would enable a message to be 
conveyed to African nations 
that the British people were 
wholeheartedly behind them in 
their struggle 

Indeed, there were many 
towns and cities throughout 
Great Britain where the ANC 
flag had been flying as a measure 
a filial support. 

The Commonwealth Games 


The Government announced 
the Ijfting of the three week-old. 
restrictions on movements of 
sheep in further areas of Cum- 
bria and Wales, during ques- 
tions in the Commons. 

Mr Michael Jopfing, Minister 
for Agriculture, Fisheries and 
Food, also told MPs that the 
National Fanners' Union, in 
talks with foe Government 
about compensation, had agreed 
that it was too early to assess the 

impact of foe resu iciion* 
by the international air pollu- 
tion created by the Chernobyl 

nuclear power station explosion 

in the Soviet Union. 

arty and Skye. ’$DP) that foe 
offer he announced when the 
restrictions were announced stul 
stood: The Government was 
prepared to discuss cases « 
compensation for severe loss to 
specific formers in particular 


How badly individual formers 
i affected would depend 

had been , r 

upon their own marketing pat- 
terns and how long the restric- 
tions lasted. 

Details about this limiiari 
lifting of restrictions were being 
published. But be refused to be 
drawn by demands for details of 
foe Government's criteria for 
eventually paying 


Mr Kennedy had pointed out 
that his constituency was not in 
either of tire areas being 

On top of that difficulty, there 
were foe continuing problems 
caused by last year's bad 
weather, which _bad led to a 75 
per cent drop in form income 
and an increase in Scottish 
formers’ indebtedness. 

The survival of the rand 
economy in Scotland d< 
on the well being of tire 
industry. _ „ 

Mr Raymond Powell (Ogmore, 
Lab) claimed foal foe scare in 
Wales was so great that one 
butcher had to use a geigpr- 
coumer on Iamb meat in his 

before making irresponsible, 
statements. (Conservative 
cheers). ... 

He reiterated that NFU lead- 
ers in England and Wales rec- 
ognized that until more dam was 
available, it was not possibe to 
look 3t foe compensation ques- 
tion in derail 

However, they thought it was 

ing scaremongering, which 
could lead people to stop buying 
Iamb meat that was perfectly 
safe. ‘ 

Mr Jopling was glad that Mrs. 
KeHett-Bowman had drawn 
attention to the perfect safety of 
consuming sheepmeat at 
present • • 

The British housewife had 
demonstrated this dearly. The 

market price last week, and that 

at Mr Jopling had said was 
i helpful ‘ " 

However, he assured Mr 
Charles Kennedy (Ross. Crom- 

not all that helpful to formers. 

They wanted to know what 
criteria the Government was 
going to lay down about 
compensation, and when. 

Mr jopling told Mr Powell that 
he should be a lit 

little careful 

Jopling: Too soon to agree 
on compensation 

important that an early decision 
should be made, as soon as the 
information did come to hand. 
Mis Elaine BeHeO-Bowman 
(Lancaster, C) wanted Mr 
jopling to go further in deplor- 

being forecast this week, was 
rather higher than it had been in 
the corresponding weeks last 
year. (Conservative cheers). . 
Mr Nicholas Winterton 
(Macclesfield. Q said that in 
addition to sheep farmers, haul- 
age contractor, and auction 
markets had suffered a' fairly 
dramatic drop in Their income. 
Would their position also: be' 

Would Mr Jopling confirm, 
that there was no danger what- 
soever to anyone in eating sheep 
meaiaLall? . 

MrJopHag said that he repeated 
that confirmation gladly. 

The undertaking he had given 
about compensation was for. 
specific formers. 

Abbatoirs and markets were 
able to draw sheep from outside 
the areas to which the restrict 
lions applied, if they wished. 

Dr Mark Hoftbes (City of 

Durham, Lab) said he was 
deeply disturbed by those last' 

in north' Wales, it was not 
possible to get foe sheep from 

Such operators were as eli- 
gible for compensation as any- 
one else. . 

Me Jopfiag aid he could only 
repeat the truth: The markets 
and abbatoirs were free, even if • 
Urey were within foe. restricted - 
areas.' to draw their livestock’ 
and sheep meat from outside* 

Mr John Hone Robertson, an- 
Opposition spokesman on agrw 
cultural matters, welcomed the - 
lifting of foe movements bah in- 
certain areas. 

Mr Jopiiog bad appeared to* 


be back-pedalling an . h». 
commitment about. compensa- 
tion in remarks he had made at 
the Great Yorkshire Show, - 
Mr Jopfing said Mr Home! 
Robertson was trying to put 
words into his mouth. (Oppd^ 
sriion shout o£ “Someone ought' 
to.”) - .*■'•: . t - • 

Wbat l have done today (bfr 
said) is to repeal ■precody the 

undertakings I gave: when foe 
restrictions were introduced. 

. Maybe some newspapers mis- 
reported what f and at the Gzea( 

Yorkshire 'Show. - 

Effect of 

in diet 


were due to open on July 24 but 


there was a definite fear that 

they would not take place if any 
other nations withdrew. 

Rate grants to be announced soon 


The House of Commons will 
rise for its summer recess on 
Friday, July 25, Mr John Biffen, 
the Leader of foe House, said 
during business questions. 

He assured the House that the 
Government planned to make 
an announcement on the rate 

Ireland, to remarks made by 
MPs about the duty or members 
of the Royal Ulster Constabu- 
lary towards forthcoming 
marches in the province. 

Sir Eldon Griffiths (Bury St 
Edmunds, Q raised the issue 
because, he said, foe marching 
season in Northern Ireland 
came while foe House was in 

Ireland that they should actively 
fight against the Anglo- Irish 


support grant for foe component 
' sfore 

Has he seen a remark by one 

parts of Great Britain before the 

He also agreed to draw foe 
attention of Mr Tom King, 
Secretary of State for Northern 

MP (he said) urging the 
do less then their duty in 
relation to marches in 
Portadown next weekend, and a 
remark by another MP to the 
Police Federation of Northern 

'ill he make sure before the 
recess that the Secretary of State 
has an opportunity to make 
dear it is a criminal offence for 
an MP, or any other citizen, to 
procure the disaffection of a 
police officer? 

Mr Biffen said it was an 
effective point to make at the 
present time in the afiairs of the 

Initially this was a matter for 
consideration by the police, but 
he would certainly draw it to foe 
Secretary of Slate's attention. 

UK growing more of its own food 


About 60 per cent of Britain's 
food supply was home produced 
in 1985, compared with 50 per 
cent in 1973 when the United 

Kingdom joined foe Common 

Market. That represented a 
considerable achievement for 
the agriculture industry, Mrs 
Peggy Fenner, Parliamentary 
Secretary for Agriculture, Fish- 
eries and Food, said during 
question time in the Commons. 

She added that self-suf- 
ficiency in indigenous foods — 
those which could be produced 
commercially in the United 
Kingdom — had increased from 

62 per cent m 1973 to 80 per 
cent in 1985. 

Mr David Knox (Staffordshire 
Moorlands. C) said that if foe 
figures were to be maintained, 
foe Government must continue 
to give strong support to British 
agriculture, especially the live- 
stock sector. 

Mrs Fenner said the figures 
showed that foe Government 
was supporting foe farming 

Mr Dennis Cana van (Falkirk 
West. Lab) said it was about 
time foe Government took ac- 
tion against South African food. 
Sanctions of that nature would 
help home food producers as 
well as helping to end the evil 
regime in South Africa. 

Mis Fenner said he should not 
let his ideology persuade him 
that they could grow citrus fruits 
in this country. 

r^Philip^Oppenbeini (Amber 


Valley. C) said foe British 
agricultural industry's share of 
the home food market had 
slipped bade since foe introduc- 
tion of milk quotas, to the 
benefit of foe Dutch and foe. 

Mrs Fenner said domestic but- 
ter production had increased 
from 57 per cent in 1980 to 64 
percent in 1985. There had been 
a slight decrease in cheese from 
70 per cent to 67 per cent which 
reflected cheese imports and the 
range of choice. 

The need for adequate food 
labelling in shops was expressed 
by MPs daring Commons ques- 
tion time exchanges. 

Mr Michael Meadowcroft 
(Leeds West, L) said some MPS 
were worried that foe attitude on 
food labelling did net go for 
enough. Instructions should be 
issued to ensure that labelling 
included a warn in g that same 
constituents were possibly toxic. 
Mrs Peggy Fenner, Par- 

liamentary Secretary, Ministry 
ries and 

of Agriculture, Fisheries 
Food, said she had abided by a 
strict consultation pattern re- 
quired in legislation. Govern- 
ment proposals were issued on 
February 13. Same 700 in- 
terested parties had been con- 
tacted ami their comments were 

Mr Simon Coombs (Swindon, 
O asked Mrs Fenner how 
consumers could make the right 
choice in the absence of man- 
datory labelling for sugar. 

Mrs Fenner told him that sugars 
already had to be indicated In 
ingredient listings. 

The Committee on Medical 
Aspects of Food was to set np a 
panel to examine the effect of 
sugars in the diet and the 
Government would consider the 
impficatioos of any snch report. 
Mr Michael McNair-Wilson 
(Newbury, C) asked it Mrs 
Fenner was satisfied with the 
labelling on so-called health 
foods. Were the descriptions on 
these labels substantiated by 
any scientific research? Had not 
the time come for approved 
definitions in which the Min- 
istry would have some say? 

Mrs Fenner said those foods did 
have to comply with labelling 
requirements. For example; 
foods purporting to aid slimming 
had to be labelled very carefully. 
But she would consider any 
instances which worried Mr 

Mr Donald Stewart (Western 
Isles, SNP) said some fast food 
merchants had taken umbrage 
at foe slight advances already 
made. Cartons containing food 
should have an accurate note of 
the contents. 

Mrs Fenner said regulations 
were introduced in 1984 and 
came folly into operation on July 

Advice sought on library censorship 


how they reconciled their action 
with their duties under the Act, 

The Minister for the Arts, Mr 
Richard Luce, is taking legal 
advice on whether action can oe 
taken against local authorities 
which have withdrawn news- 
papers published by News Inter- 
national from public libraries. 
Lord Bebtead, Deputy Leader 
of the House of Lords, stated. 
He was being questioned by 

Lord Harris of Greenwich (SDP) 
about the action the Govern- 
ment was taking under the 
Public Libraries and Museums 
Act 1964 against the authorities. 
Lord Bebtead said the Minister 
for the Arts had used the powers 
under the Act to write to foe 20 
library authorities about which 
he had received complaints. He 
had asked them whether they 
had withdrawn News Inter- 
national newspapers and, if so. 

The replies are coming in. (be 
went on) and Mir Luce is 
considering, in the fight of those 
replies, what further action to 

Lord Hams of Greenwich: 
Some of foe local authorities 
have already passed resolutions 
confirming their previous de- 
rision and in the fight of this 
totalitarian development, is it 
not time the Government acted 
where it is dear these local 
authorities intend to continue to 
defy the law. 

Lord Bebtead: We are taking 
legal advice in order to decide 
on the next steps. There is no 
question about it, some of the 
replies the minister has received 
raise questions about which we 
have to take legal advice before 
we can decide what to do. 

Lord Boyd-Garpenter (C): Is it 
not intolerable that public li- 

braries supported by public 
funds should practice censor- 
ship of the press in order to 
support ope side or another in 
an industrial dispute? 

Lord Bebtead: l agree h is 
essential that public libraries 
should impartially maintain foe 
public's Tight of access to the 
mam publications of news and 
information. We have to look at 
the powers, under the Act-' That 
i& what we are doing. 

Lord Fletcher (Lab); This is 
generally regarded as a flagrant 
breach by these local authorities 
of their duties under foe Act. 
Lady Barke, for foe Opposition: 
The Labour Party has made 
clear that it consider? this 
undesirable censorship by the 
local authorities. 

Lord Harris of GreeswfcluThe 
object of my question was to 
give the minister the opportu- 
nity of saying firmly and un- 
equivocally that ■ the 
Government is opposed to 

censorship in ■. ■public 
libraries. We hope we wffl-getq 
statement before .foe summer 
recess onwhaMhe Government 
is 'proposing to dec .. 

Lord Bdsteafo: The; Govern- 
ment strongly, disapproves of 
anything that smacks of political 
censorship. We ndwbave ta see 
howrwe can prevent h. 

•In- a written reply in foe 
Commons, Mr Giles Shaw, 
Minister of State, Home Office 
said that foe. additional cost of 
police overtime incurred in 



lag the dispute at Wapping 
‘ ' 5 was 

im January 28 to July 
estimated at about £1,1 74JXXL 
The maximum number of 
officers deployed on any one 
occasion remained 3,870. More 
than 662,000 police man hours 
had been spent oh.pofirihg the 
dispute.- . 1 

- Additional costs of about 
£260.000 had been incurred on 
catering. - . - 

£667m cut sought in EEC payment 


The points of order having 
been turned down, the debate 


MPS on both sides unsuccess- 
fully urged postponement of a 
debate on a £930 million supple- 
mentary estimate for the Euro- 
pean Community budget 
because at that lime the Euro- 
pean Parliament had not 
reached a decision upon it. 

. They argued unsuccessfully 
that it was not possible for them 
to discuss foe transfer of British 
taxpayers' money to another 
body whose budget did not 

Mr Peter Shore, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on House of 
Commons affairs, said It was a 
scandal that MPs should be 
asked to approve an estimate of 
£930 million in relation to a 
budget which had not yet been 
formally agreed. 

Mr Neil Kianock. Leader of foe 
Opposition, said he would have 
thought that any responsible 
Minister would have ensured 
that foe time of the debate was 
such as to make it one of 
substance instead of 

Mr Edward Taylor (Southend 
East. C) said foe motion was 
being pat forward on the basis of 
a cash flow shortage. He did not 
know whether there still would 
be a cash flow shortage after the 
European Assembly came to its 

ily began with Mr 
Terence Higgins (Worthing, C), 

sury mu 
now chairman of the Treasury 
and Civil Service Select 
Committee, moving his 
amendment to the Government 
motion seeking a supplementary 
sum of up to £930 million for 
the budget of the European 
Comm ufuties.Thc amendment. 


Taylor: Motion based on 
cash flow shortage 

which had cross-party support. 

sought to reduce the sum by 
"167 n 

£667 million. 

He said foe points of order 
provided a clear argument in 
favour of his amendment If 
there was no budget at the 
moment then there must be an 

overwhelming case . for 
supporting the amendment 

He said it was very 
unfortunate that the 
Government and in particular 
the Prime Minister, who took 
such a dear and forthright 
attitude on other issues; were 
feiling to do so where control of 
public expenditure in relation to 
the EEC was concerned. 

We are right (be went on) to 
be members of foe Community, 
but on this occasion I feel grave 
disquiet at the way in which it is 
going, particularly over its 
financial affairs. 

The purpose of the 
amendment was simply to 
prevent the. payment in 
advance, not the eventual 
payment, of the sums involved. 

He hoped the Government 
would come to the House at the 
earliest moment when any hard 
information was available to 
explain what was going on in 
Europe with British taxpayers’ 

There were strong indications 
that they were very dose to the 
1.4 per cent VAT ceiling which 
was agreed only a short time 

Mr George Robertson, Oppo- 
sition spokesman on EEC Af- 
fairs, said budget discipline was 
worthless. The assurance of the 
inter-go vern mental agreements 
on the supplementary budget 
were worth no more than piffle. 
No doubt the latest budget 

would be like so many of the old 
ones — more spending on agri- 
■ culture and antomaricaRy eating 
up more and more to produce 
-less and less for eating and more 
and more fix* .storing and 
destroying, i •_ . • » 

There was sanctimonious 
criticism by -the bucketful '.but 
action '.was pitifully absent 
Down would go research spend- 
ing, down would go spending on 
energy and. down would go 
oversea!? aid; and presumably 
they were ' going to leave the 
latter to Bob Geidof. - . 

Parliament today ; 

CnmwUHW (9.30): Debate : _on 
policing the metropolis, 
tat® (I lk Financial Services 
Bifl. second reading. 

Next week 

The main business In UM House tf 
Commons next week will be: 
Mondwr . Debate op agriculture and the 
rural economy. Fettmowe Dock and 
Railway Bill, conskteralion. 

Tuesday: Debate on Alliance motion 
on high " 

high technology. Bexley London 
Borough C ouncil Sul. seoo wfl re ading. 
Wednesday: Debate on an Opposition 

Thursday: Finance BflL completion of 

_ Dockyard Services BO. Lords 

The main business In the House of 

Uarfls^ocxt week will bes_ 

„ f. Social Security BIB. report. 

Oral day. - 

Taa*oay: social Security SUL report, 
second day. 

Wedawiu qKP abHc Order BH1. cotnmtt- 

ThorsOsj: cas Bin. third reading. 
FrMayTBuikttDg Societies SUL report. 

Plea for extension of 

legal aid to cover 

dispute arbitration 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Afiairs Correspondent 

Lord Hailsbam of St Mary- 
lebone, the Lord Chancellor, 
is being urged by the Char- 
tered Institute of Arbitrators 
to extend legal aid so that it 
covers the settling of disputes 
by arbitration. 

The institute says that arbi- 
tration. whereby disputes can 
be resolved more quickly, 
cheaply and simply than by 
the conventional courtroom 
method, could substantially 
ease the pressure on the 

At the moment many liti- 
gants are forced to go to court 
to resolve disputes because 

that is foe only way they win 

qualify for legal aic 

There are an estimated 
10.000 arbitrations in London 
a year. They are mostly con- 
fined to building, shipping 
and commodity disputes. 

Yesterday Mr John Sims, 
spokesman for the institute, 
said that extending legal aid to 
arbitration would open up a 
faster and more flexible way to 
settle disputes to many more 
people. It would also siphon 
off cases from the overloaded 
court svsiem. 

The Master of the Rolls, Sir 
John Donaldson, recently 
urged more use of arbitration 
in a construction dispute that 
had taken two years to come 
to court. 

The institute has written to 
the Lord Chancellor urging 
legal aid for arbitration in the 
wake of the recent report by a 
team of government officials 
which proposes changes to foe 
legal-aid scheme, including 
extending legal * aid for 

The move coincides with 
renewed interest in arbitra- 
tion. Last month an arbitra- 
tion scheme was launched by 
the Common Law Bar Associ- 
ation. under which individ- 
uals can apply to have a 
specialist barrister or retired 
judge appointed as an arbitra- 

The institute also has a 
panel of some 300 - mostly 

Donaldson and Lord Justice 

As well as appointing arbi- 
trators on request and provid- 
ing hearing rooms, the 
institute administers several 
arbitration schemes for claims 
arising from complaints in 
specific fields, such as on 
solicitors' negligence, British 
RaiL the Post Office, British 
Telecom, the Association of 
British Travel Agents and foe 
National House Building 
Council Other schemes are in 
the pipeline. 

Mr Sims said: “Even taking 
into account the cost of the 
arbitrator, the savings com- 
pared with foe conventional 
courtroom hearing can be 

non-lawyer — specialist arbi- 
s. They a 

arbitration law and practice 


are trained in 

and include several judges. Its 
president is Lord Gon and 
previous presidents have in- 
cluded Lord Diplock. Sir John 

Time could be saved be- 
cause the arbitrator would be 
an expert in the field of foe 
dispute and because arbitra- 
tions were free from the 
procedural constraints of con- 
ventional hearings. A com- 
plainant need not use a lawyer 
to present his case, and the 
costs of the other party to foe 
dispute would not be incurred. 

£l,400m for Scots tourism 

Science report 

A creature 

in a class 

of its own 

By Dorothy Bonn 

By a Staff Reporter 

Tourism earned Scotland 
more than £1,400 million last 
year, the wettest and coldest 
year this century, the Scottish 
tourist Board said yesterday. 

But the figure showed no 
increase on the year before and 
highlighted the danger of de- 
pending too much on good 
weather, foe board said in its 

annual report for 1985, pub- 
lished yesterday. 

British residents made more 
Bran 12 million trips to Scot- 
land, spending £1,115 million. 
Overseas visitors spent £324 

“The trading hopes for 1986 
have been dampened by con- 
cerns about international ter- 
rorism and foe knock-on effect 
of a wet 1985," Mr Alan 

Devereux. foe chairman of the 
board, said. 

“Nevertheless, the medium- 
terra prospects for Scottish 
tourism have never been 

Swi t iaml had still to benefit 
from cheaper oil, bringing 
lower air fares, better quality 
holidays, and more pro motio n 
to woo first-time British 

Britain’s bright spark 

Complicated wiring plans 
pose no problems for Jayne 
Pole, who was named yester- 
day as Britain's top electrical 
apprentice. Jayne, aged 18, 
from Stoke Pages, Bucking- 
hamshire, faced stiff compe- 
tition from 1,500 male and 
12 female counterparts to 
become the first girl to win 

the award since it began 12 
years ago. 

• Sir Aiwyn Williams, prin- 
cipal of Glasgow University, 
told graduates yesterday 
that Britain's industrial sur- 
vival was a stake unless more 
women went into 
ing. (Photograph: 


Three zoologists exploring 
the sea off the coast of New 
Zealand have found a new 
species of echinoderm, the 
large group iff animals which 
indades starfish and sea ur- 
chins. So different is it from 
known forms that the newcom- 
er has been given a class of its 
own, Coutxntricycloiddea. 

Nine specimens of the echi- 
noderm, measuring between 
2 mm and 8 mm across, 
emerged from a piece of wood 
dredged up from a depth of 
more than 1,000 metres. The 
animals had a disc-shaped 
body bearing a fringe of spines 
resembling foe petals of a 

They were given foe name 
Xylopltzx mernsifonms. The 
xyloplax lacks the starfish's 
five arms, but Its almost 
circular body shows the rudi- 
ments of a pentagonal struc- 
ture. Its dorsal surface is 
covered with small plates, pins 
five laiger ones, symmetrically 

It can move by its tube feet, 
which are given rigidity by 
pressure from the animal 's 
hydrostatic skeleton, the water 
vascular system. This system 
consists of two concentric ca- 
nals attached to each other at 
five equally spaced points. 

But the zoologists, Frauds 
Rowe, Alan Baker and Helen 
Clark, of the National Muse- 
um of New Zealand who made 
foe discovery, believe that foe 
tiny creature is more often 
carried, parachute fashion, by 
water currents. 

Its most unusual feature is 
that it has no mouth or gut Its 
under-surface is covered by a 
thin membrane, which: is prob- 
ably absorptive. 

Source: Nature. June 26, pp862. : 

Newcastle by-election 

Steel challenged 
on CND member 

By Sheila Gurm, Political Staff 

Mr John Butcher, a junior 
trade minister, accused the 
Alliance parties yesterday of 
sabotaging their own 
candidate's campaign in the 
Newcastle-under-Lyme by- 
election because of his- mem- 
bership of the Campaign for 
Nuclear Disarmament. 

• Do you know the name of 
your MP? 

• Does it make any difference 
to your voting intentions that 
Llin Golding Is John 
Golding's wife? 

• Does it make any difference 
that she is a woman? 

. The election of Mr Alan 
Thomas, while a fervent 
unilateralist and anii-Naio, 
would be an embarrassment 
to foe Alliance, he said. 

**I wonder it m typical 
Liberal fashion, the party is 
not giving this candidate their 
full support They have sent 
generals and key administra- 
tors but they are not sending 
the troops. I think it is a pretty 
gutless way of sabotaging their 

• When are you taking your 
holidays? ' 

Mr Andy EUis, the Liberal's 
election agent, said: “On these 
questions it must be a Labour 
poll. Llin Golding says she 
does not know about it Is that 

“Ins a matter for Mr David 
Steel's reputation whether he' 
is going to tolerate this kind of 
anarchy where local candi- 
dates can do what they like 
locally and not be disciplined 

With the election next 
Thursday, and Mrs Llin Gol- 
ding, the right-wing Labour 
candidate looking increasingly 
confident of taking over her 
husband's seat, it was a day 
filled with smears and 

The Liberals challenged 
Mrs Gold rag to disclose who 
tiraded a secret pon. conduct- 
ed by MORI, to test local 
reactions to ber selection after 
h . £r husband's appointment as 
ihe£33.000-a-yeargenaalsec- . 
reiary of foe National Com- 
munications Union. 

“I am challenging Mr Gol- 
ding to say whether union 
funds were used to check up 
on his wife’s chances of replac- 
ing him. And if so why”. : 

Meanwhile, Mrs. Golding 
was urging Mr Jim Node, the 
Kent hotelier standing for the 
Conservati ves, to share a plat- 
form on Saturday io- debate 
nuclear energy. 

Mr Nock ' said that foe 
meeting has been “rigged*' by 
CND and Friends -of the 
Earth. Mrs Golding was afraid 
to debate her own selection, 
and issues siteh as defence and 
education at * genuine public 
meeting wHhtum, he added. 

Mrs Margaret ^ Thatcher sent 
the traditional fetter of sup- 
port to Mr Nock exhorting 
him to... emphasize her 
government's achievements 
to the local voters. 

- They said the - questions 
asked in foe poll included: 

“Our message is never take 
our achievements for granted. 
Conservative achievements 
are only safe whhi Conserva- 
tive go vern men r. she said, ' 


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In quashed his prs»ai 
awns is«aed fc 
Wenj Road 

tatnmlhwes; Lcr.dr*r. ar 
Wall further prixtvdin; 
ak pound that the sur 
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taw Blau. 

Frauds Bennion. ens 
, dfe Mr McWh trier. "■ 
. frLvv Lords jerstcrtLi> 

fr petition had been rui 
bmese of a dvfotii: 
spot the Mini Casri, 
Jjhnd Keith sai £ i 
the Lav, Leris It 


•arid time limiit Laid 
"Wsanion appeals. 

JjMc\\hinei said a 
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g. W, '**.•.*«:’ >5\* 

£L * fe-^r " -* . ■■^3!. 

£56m loss on Lear jet 
project should have 
been avoided, MPs say 

By Richard Evans, Political Correspondent 

°S istr > of Defence, together with public money invested in this 
IS2lrfJ2?I2S ^ m oth " early-warning signals Jrojeci will be recovered 

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mental aircraft project which 
felled could, and should have, 
been avoided, the Commons 
Public Accounts Committee 
said yesterday. 

But the Northern Ireland 
Department of Commerce al- 
lowed its enthusiasm for the 
L ®*f, Pw ? scheme, and the 
substantial employment pros- 
pects, to blunt its perception 
of the high risks involved. 

T*he all-party committee. 
Parliament's public spending 
watchdog, said that the Lear 
Fan project had many of the 
features of the disastrous 
DeLorean car fiasco, which 
was also backed by the depart- 

o ught to have persuaded the 
department not to assist the 

After the decision had been 
taken by ministers in Febru- 
ary 1980 to back the scheme, 
officials did not carry out an 
adequate financial appraisal 
of the project. - 

They also failed “to accord 
public fUnds at least the same 
level of protection as that 
provided for the private 
investors' funds" when fur- 
ther cash support was sought a 
year later. 

The committee blames the 
quality of management 

was aiso DacKea by the depart- throughout the six-year saga 
“JfSL C0 S!. to taxpayer as a significant cause of the 
almost fSOmilliqn. project’s failure. 

' V. MPs that the “It is too early to know if 
caution expressed by the Mia- any of the £56 million of 

to know if 
million of 


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The Lear Fan jet, product of a failed experimental project 
which used £56miliion of taxpayers’ money. 

Pledge on 
TV fight 

Mr Norris McWhirter 
pledged yesterday to continue 
his battle against the trans- 
mission of subliminal Images 
on television, after his bid to 
brine a private prosecution 
against the Independent 
Broadcasting Authority failed 
in the House of Lords. 

A committee of Law Lords, 
-headed by Lord Keith of 
Kinkel, retimed to allow Mr 
McWhirter to aigne bis case 
in the Honse of Lords because 
his petition for leave to appeal 
.was we day late. 

■ , Mr McWhirter, co-foander 
-of The Guinness _ Book of 
Records, had alleged^ that a 
“grotesque and ridkaling" im- 
age of his face superimposed 
above the body of a naked 
woman, had been flasbei ou i 
-screen during the satirical i 
Spitting Image programme. 

Last January, the High 
Court quashed his private ! 
summons issued by i 
Horseferry Road Magistrates 
7 Court, sotrth- west London, and 
: banned all further proceedings 
1 on the ground that the sum- 
mons disclosed no offence 
known in law. 

Mr Frauds Bennion, coun- 
sel for Mr McWhirter, told 
the law Lords yesterday that 
the petition had been out of 
"time because of a default by 
officers of the High Court. 

- But Lord Keith said that 
although the Law Lords had a 
“great deal of sympathy", they 
“ had no power to dispense with 
the strict tune limits laid down 
for prosecution appeals. 

Mr McWhirter said after- 
wards: “This is not the end of 
the road — there will be Other 
I know of six others. 

• “The rule of law reqnirer 
that people should not be 

subjected to transmissions 
which only register in their 

Easing of 

The Commons were told at 
Question Time yesterday that 
more areas in Cumbria and 
Wales had been cleared from 
the restrictions on movement 
and slaughter of sheep, im- 
posed in the wake of the 
Chernobyl nuclear disaster. 
Announcing a lifting- of the 
ban on spedfied areas, Mr 
Michael Jopting, Minister of 
Agriculture, said that no deci- 
sion could be made yet on the 
sue of compensation to farm- 
ers who have suffered because 
of the restrictions. 

Parliament, page 4 

Gay bookshop 
trial dropped 

Charges relating to the im- 
portation of indecent and 
obscene material against sev- 
en men and two women from 
Gay’s The Word bookshop, 
Bloomsbury, central London, 
were withdrawn at the Central 
Criminal Court yesterday. 

The European Court of 
Justice ruled last March, after 
the nine had been committed 
for trial, that it was unlawful 
to ban imports of items that 
could be manufactured and 
traded at home. 

Driver faces 
murder charge 

A driver aged 18 in the 
Royal Corps of Transport was 
charged yesterday with the 
murder of Miss Julia Harri- 
son, aged 16, an Army 
captain's daughter, at 
Catterick Garrison, North 

John James Davidson 
Hardje. of Lanark. Strath- 
clyde. was remanded in custo- 
dy by magistrates at 
Richmond until Tuesday. Re- 
porting restrictions were not 

‘Army’ head backs 
women priests 

Women should be ordained 
’into the Church of Engtand, 
General Eva Burrows, the new 
: world leader of The Salvauon 
: Army, said in London yester- 

. ^General Burrows, who is 
only the second woman to 
hold the post of 
criticized the General Synod s 
' debate over women pnestsm 

: the Church of 
.‘ getting “bogged down on an 
'issue that had grown out of all 

is very sad the Church 
has become so intensely «m- 

■ .cemed about such an >ss^. j 

-believe women should nave 
' Se ^portunity to minister m 

the Church,” she said. 

Sneaking about her role 

Site TUrfVpJ Ausuaba. 
Britain and Ireland. 

•»t 1 -ad as a woman. You 
n»n he a woman leader and a 

feminine leader and be just as 

■ ’"aw ofhermain^J^ 


Cojntnander for the Australia 

Southern Territory for the 
past three years. General Bur- 
rows met Mr Bob Hawke, 
Australian Prime Minister, to 
work out a national scheme to 
help young unemployed peo- 

The Salvation Army raised 
$15 million in Australia last 
year to help the country s 

General Burrows, who was 
born in Australia and is one of 
nine children, spent much of 
her childhood helping her 
parents, who were both Salva- 
tion Army officers, in their 
work among the poor of 
Fortitude Valley, Brisbane. 

After studying at Queens- 
land University where she 
gained a Bachelor of Arts 
degree, she attended to Wil- 
liam Booth Memonal Train- 
ing College In London and was 
commissioned as a Salvation 
Army officer in 1951. 

She later gained her Master 
of Education degree at Sydney 
University, ana became the 
first woman vice-pnnopai 07 
The Salvation Array’s Edua- 
tional Institute at Howard, 
Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe. 

In 1979 General Burrows 
became to first woman to 
head The Salvation Army m 
Scotland, and in May this year 
the High Council electjrfhef 
General and world leatter, 
succeeding General Jarl 

project will be recovered." 

The department was ap- 
proached in October 1978 by 
the Lear Avia Corporation, 
based in Nevada, to see if it 
would - provide taxpayers’ 
money Towards the continuing 
development in the United 
Slates, and eventual manufac- 
ture in Northern Ireland, of 
the Lear Fan 2100, an eight- 
passenger turbo-prop jet. 

In early 1980 ministers 
agreed to a package of grants 
and loans, not exceeding 
£16.25 million, based on a 
plan which envisaged the air- 
craft gaining its airworthiness 
certificate by September 1982, 
and up to 1,250 jobs being 
created in Northern Ireland. 

But within months the de- 
partment was agreeing to guar- 
antee bank borrowing up to 
Si 5 million (£10 million} be- 
cause of a shortage of private 

The target date for the jet 
gaining its airworthiness cer- 
tificate slipped back repeated- 
ly. and the demands for extra 
cash continued. 

By August 1982 the depart- 
ment had committed £34.12 
million to the project 

Although a Saudi Arabian 
group agreed to invest up to 
S6Q million (£40 million) in 
the jet project, the troubles 
continued, with technical dif- 
ficulties and test failures. 

The Lear Fan project was 
finallly wound up in May 
1985, by which time 
£55.67 million of taxpayers' 
money had been invested. 


Audit of 

By Gavin Bell 
Arts Correspondent 

A special report into the 
accounts of Opera North is 
being prepared, after allega- 
tions concerning the financial 
management of the subsidized 

The audit was ordered by 
Sir Gordon Linacre, the com- 
pany chairman, and Mr Tom 
McDonald, chairman of its 
finance committee, after lead- 
ing members of Leeds City 
Council received a number of 
anonymous telephone calls. 

Mr McDonald told The 
Times that because of the non- 
specific nature of the allega- 
tions a wide-ranging 
investigation was taking place. 

“I was surprised by the 
allegations and have no reason 
to believe they will be substan- 
tiated. However, I must re- 
serve judgement until the 
outcome of the audit is 

The city council is contrib- 
uting more than £400,000 this 
year to Opera North, which is 
based at Leeds Grand Theatre. 
The principal funding of 
£2.5 million is provided by 
the Arts Council, while pri- 
vate sponsorship amounts to 
about £50,000. 

Mr Nicholas Payne, the 
general administrator of Op* 
era North, rejected the allega- 
tions as ludicrous: “We have 
to work to a very tight budget, 
as we receive less funding than 
other major opera companies. 

“Of course it's worrying to 
have something nasty like this 
flying around, but I am quite 
confident the audit will vindi- 
cate us.” 

A collection of tra- 
ditional river craft and 
artefacts, including punts, 
canoes, skiffs, whiffs, 
steam launches and deco- 
rated oars from Balliol 
College, Oxford Univer- 
sity, are to be sold by 
Phillips, the auctioneers, 
at Henley-on-Thames, 
Oxfordshire, tomorrow. 

Ill Mm 

The powered vessels 
include Knight Errant 
(above), a 50 ft cabined 
slipper stern craft built by 
J G Meakes, of Marlow, 
in 1934 (estimate £6,000 
to £12,000), and the Alli- 
son Marie, a 23 ft steam 
launch built by D C 
Bnrnage, of Bedford. 
{Photographs: Bill WarhursO. 

‘Get-tough’ move on copyright music 

A new get-tough policy by 
the Performing Right Society 
could land many small busi- 
ness people in the High Court 

The policy, under which the 
society is taking a harder line 
with those who play copy- 
righted music in their 
premises without a licence, 
came into force on July 1. 

Its enforcement was an 
important topic at the 
society's annual meeting in 
London yesterday. 

Proprietors from comer 
shops to top hotels, will have 
to pay a 50 per cent penalty 
surcharge on their first year's 
licence fee if they are caught 
playing music without a 

The society brings at least 
one High Court action a week 
against licence evaders. 

“From July 1 we are adopt- 
ing a get-lough policy. We 
have around 40 inspectors 
touring the country to ensure 
that music is not played 
publicly without a licence,” a 
.society spokesman said. 

“If a proprietor of premises 
where music is played refuses 
to take out a licence then, 
whether he has a comer shop 
or a dance hall, he will be 
taken to the High Court 
“More than 50 High Court 
orders were issued last year 
banning the playing of copy- 
righted music until the propri- 
etors took out licences.” 

Would you give up a 

secure office job 
to walk the streets? 

■ :hoice of 

t promising 

vere to ask 
jive you diff- 
ent reasons. 

there is one 
thing on 
ty all seem 
? a PC in 
es very 
d when it 
nay be. 


If you’re serving with the Met, the last thing you’re likely to 
get into is a rut. 

\bu’U find yourself involved with everything from accidents, 
robberies and rapes to lost tourists and people who just want to 
pass the time of day. 

You’ll have to cope with matrimonial disputes, noisy 
neighbours, con-merchants, drunks and drug-pushers. a 

It’s not exactly a laugh a minute, but there is little ■ 
opportunity for boredom to creep in. U 

In feet, it can be a bit like having a different job every! 
day. And sometimes, like half a dozen jobs at once. 

Making vital decisions is an 
everyday occurrence for PC s on the 
street You’ll often find yourself in 
situations where you’ll have to 
think quickly then act Fast 

Talk a suicidal drug addict rxxeconsiablh logan 

, _ _ , , BSc in Applied Biology Worked on reseercn^H 

m noma ledge: or make a grab ofmet^prodiK^andforfouryearsBa 


If you are ambitious, there is plenty of opportunity. 

All senior police officers in the land started their careers 
constables on the beat And like them, you'll be encouraged 
go as far as your ability or inclination will take you. 

You’ll find interest and challenge at all levels in the 
Metropolitan Police. Plus an enormous gm 

variety of different specialist departments. I|| 

Drugs squad, criminal intelligence, P| 

diplomatic protection, communications. g 

training, traffic and crime prevention: 
the list goes on and on. || 

Everyone should be able to find 
a niche for themselves. 



Of course, well give you a fflWttj ^ ' 

very thorough training. And it can be 

pretty tough at times. MJ; i 

For a start, you’ll get 20 weeks at 
the Peel Centre in Hendon. Then a 

further 19 months on probation attached^^H^HB®^^g 
to a London police station. And training 
will continue throughout your career. 

As a police officer, you never stop chambers 

r .. WM ‘A’ levels. Spent one 

learning. The more experienced you are. M m yearasamanage- 
. , , . - , Kw ment trainee with one 

V the better you do thejob. ^ of the Clearing banks 

before joining the Met 


topufthiminfSortoutapunch- — — ■ 

up yourself or call for assistance from your colleagues? Hand I 
out a bit of advice to a careless driver: or prosecute? 1 

The responsibility sometimes weighs heavily. 1 

But if you can cope, it’s a bit more rewarding than sitting 1 
around a conference table deciding what to do about the’ 
company’s ailing sales figures. 

f Academically, we’re looking for around five good ‘O’ levels. 

[ But if you’ve got A levels or a degree, so much the better. 
Sfe You carit be over-qualified for this job. Although 

i K li your personal qualities are as important as your 

»f9 You must be at least 5' 8" (172 ems) tall for a 

man, 5'4" (162 ems) tall for a woman, physically fit 
• and mentally agile. You'll need more than 

your fair share of common sense and we find 

f^pdi^OTVoccaaon, a sense of humour is a definite advantage. 

Oh, and don’t worry if we’re not your first 
KM careen As a professional police officer, you wW 
Wk never know when your previous experience 

V is going to come in handy. 

Y For further information, phone (01) 725 
j Or write to the Appointments Officer, 

Careers Information Centre, Dept MD615,New londokps 


Scotland Yard, London S W1 H OBG. police 




8 - 00 %-- 8 - 16 % 


NET car: 

To: Halifax Building Society (Ref. HCW), Freepost, 
Trinity Road, Halifax HX1 2BR. (No stamp required.) ' l 
I/We endose a cheque, n re_ _ • • fa-- J 

£ (minimum investment £500). 

To be invested in a Halifax 90 Day Xtra Account ! 

I/We would like the interest to be: * 

□ added to balance □ paid half-yearly □ paid monthly I 












French suspect terror 
link between Munich 
and Paris bomb attacks 

Light iail terms for hijackers of liner 

French police believe there 
could be a connection between 
a Paris attack and the almost 
simultaneous bomb attack in 
Munich, in which a West 
German industrialist and his 
driver were killed. 

Two more policemen strug- 
gled for life yesterday after the 
attack on Wednesday against 
the police anti-gang unit's 
headquarters in Paris in which 
a police inspector was killed 

M Charles Pasqua, the Inte- 
rior Minister, yesterday said 
the French Government was 
determined to take up the 
unprecedented terrorist chal- 
lenge thrown down by the 
bomb attack. 

No one has yet claimed 
responsibility for the bombing 
in which 18 people were 
injured, three of them 

Responsibility for the Mu- 
nich attack has been claimed 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

by the German Red Army 
Faction, which joined forces 
18 months ago with Action 
Directe, the extreme-left 
French terrorist group. 

Since it joined the German 
group, Action Directe, which 
previously tried to avoid hu- 
man injury, has not hesitated 
to kill to further its aims. 

Police consider less likely a 
suggested link between the 
Paris bombing and the appear- 
ance in court yesterday of 
Georges Ibrahim Abdallah, 
alleged European leader of the 
Lebanese Armed Revolution- 
ary Factions (Fari). which has 
carried out more than a dozen 
terrorist attacks in France 
during the past six years. 

Abdallah, who has been in 
prison in France since his 
arrest in October 1984, was 
sentenced with six others to 
four years* imprisonment on 

arms, use of forged docu- 

Genoa (Reuter) - An Ital- 
ian court yesterday sentenced 

three Palestinians, , including 

the guerrilla .leader. Abu 
Abbas, to life m J»j ^ 
hijacking of the Achiile Lauro 

cruise liner last year. 

Neither Abbas, wh ® -’S? 
freed by Italian authorities 
after the hijacking, nor wort 
his close associates who were 
also given life sentences, arern 

| (JUl VUU9 auiui w.—— j - . | . 

charges of illegal possession of the west coast of the island. 

Bonn hunt for nine suspects 

uiiiia, iw — , “ , . _ | iiuuKnwii*". j 

men is, and membership of a I custody. The court sentenced 

~~ three raptured hUackem to jad 

terms ranging from « 
years. The heaviest of these 
sentences went to the alleged 
ringleader, Magied al-Molqu 
aged 23. , , _ 

The court acquittal four of 
the accused and handed down 

five other sentence ranging 

from six months to 7 k years. 

Three close associates of 
Abu Abbas - Abdul Rahim 
Kaled, Ahmed Yusuf and Mu- 
hammad Ben Kadra ■ - re- 
ceived relatively light sen- 
tences ranging from OTc yeara 

and four months to In yearn. 

The public prosecutor at the 
22-day trial had requested a 
life sentence for Kaled, who 
boarded the Achiile Lauro 
with the hijackers in Genoa 
but disembarked, at Alexan- 
dria shortly before the liner 
was taken over. . 

A crippled Jewish-Amen- 
n passenger, Leon Klmghof- 
■ was killed during the tai- 

criminal association. He was 
also banned from reluming to 
France for five years after 
serving his sentence. 

Abdallah is one of three 
terrorists imprisoned m 
France whose release has been 
demanded by a terrorist group 
calling itself the Committee of 
Solidarity with Arab and Mid- 
dle Eastern Political Prison- 
ers. It claimed responsibility 
for several bomb attacks 
against shopping centres in 
Paris early this year. _ 

• Resort hit A terrorist bomb 
exploded at a holiday centre in 
Corsica yesterday, causing 
widespread damage, but no 
one was injured. . , . 

The bomb, which weighed 
about 21 lbs, went off at 5 am 
in a laundry belonging to a 
holiday firm in Poiticcio on 

West German police yester- 
day named nine suspects — 
four women and five men — in 
the search for the terrorists 
who murdered the Siemens 
scientific director and his driv- 
er in Munich. 

The police said they had 
reason to believe, that the nine 
had aU been in southern 
'Germany recently. The mur- 
ders took place in a suburb of 
Munich in Bavaria, which is in 
the sooth. 

The federal police bureau at 
Wiesbaden named the nine 
suspects as: Wolfgang Werner 
Grams, aged 33, Eva Sybilte 
Haule-F rii i pong, 32, Birgit 
Elisabeth Hogefeld. 30, An- 
drea Martina Klump, 29, Bar- 
bara Meyer, 30, Horst Lidwig 
Meyer, 30, Christoph Eiaard 
Seidler, 28, Thomas Simon, 
33, and Siegfried Sternebeck, 

37. _ 

The Meyers are a married 
couple and are suspects in the 

From Frank Johnson, Bonn 

murder of Harr Erest_ Zim- 
merman, the industrialist, in 
Munich on February 1 last 

Herr Kari-Heinz Beckurts, 
aged 56, the research and 
technology director of the 
electronics concern, and the 
driver, Herr Eckerhard 
Groppler, aged 42, died on 
Wednesday when their car 
was hit by a remote-controlled 

The federal public prosecu- 
tors office at Karlsruhe, which 
contains the leading experts 
on terrorism, believes that the 
Red Army Faction — # the 
terrorist group which claimed 
responsibOty — had been bid- 
ding for the more extreme 
among West Germany's anti- 
nuclear movement 

The letter from the faction, 

found at the scene of the crimn 
ran to seven pages and pointed 
out that Herr Beckurts 

“worked for the bourgeoisie on 
nuclear research at Jnlich (a 
West German town) durmg 

the Social Democratic (SPD) 
Government in the 1970s . 

The political repercussions 
yesterday included sugges- 
tions by various conservative 
politicians in Bonn and Bavar- 
ia that the attack was the 
natmral consequence of the 
recent violence from son« of 
the demonstrators outside fc 
unclear reprocessing plant be- 
ing built at Wackersdorff in 

SPD politicians warned 
against any “hysterical" or 
“excessive" reaction to the 
anti-nuclear protests. 

Police alleged that the nine 
belonged to the hard core of 
the Red Army Faction and 
that they had probably created 
a hide-out in the area of Herr 
Becknrts's borne. 


^Signor Lino Monteverde, 
the court president, acquitted 
three men, including another 
close associate of Abu Aboas, 
on the ground that the indict- 
ment drawn up by the public 
prosecutor did not property 
identify them. A Greek, citi- 
zen, Fmoros Petros, said to 
have sheltered the hijackers at 
his home in Athens, was 
acquitted for lack of evidence. 

An Egyptian plane carrying 
Abu Abbas and the hijackers 
■from Egypt to Tunisia after 
they surrendered was forced 
down in Sicily by US fighter 
planes. But Italy freed Abbas 
soon afterwards, on the 
ground that there was no 
evidence against him, causing 
a serious rift with Washingr 

A fourth hijacker was not at 
this trial because he was a 
minor at the time of the inci- 
dent and he will be tried separ- 
ately by a juvenile court. 

Six of the defendants, the 

Achiile Lauro - v ~-- ,, . , 
(clockwise from left): Magied 

three given life sentenc es and K|j n ohoffefS OlltTagCd 

.. . *3 \ Tho mntnred hijackers to re 

the three hijackers, were found 
equally responsible for the 
death of Mr Klinghoffer, who 
was shot in his wheelchair and 
his body thrown over the side 
of the liner. - 

They were found guilty or 
“carrying out a kidnap with 
terrorist intent, leading to the 
death of a hostage". 

New York (Renter) - The 
daughters of Mr Leon Kling- 
hoffer, the sole victim of me 
Achiile Lauro hijacking, Mid 
yesterday they were outraged 
at the sentences 
His daughters, Lisa and 
Usa. said they were expecting 

the captured hijackers to re- 
ceive life sentences. 

“We are outraged. We want- 
ed the maximum sentence. 
Nothing will bring oar father 
back, but we would have felt 
some sense of justice if they 
had been given life. 

Shevardnadze visit 
vital to summit 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 
«****« innh-delaved Mr Shevardnadze, aged 58. 


Kremlin thatAngh>Soviet re- ter of that ume, Mr Alexei 

lations have returned to nor- 
mal after last Septembers 
bitter round of trt-for-tatex- 
pulsions of 31 nationals from 
either capital. . . 

The British invitation was 
originally extended in 1984 to 
Mr Shevardnadze’s veteran 
predecessor, Mr Andrei Gro- 
myko, but was twice post- 

diplomats, journahsts and 
businessmen. About 75 per 
cent of those removed from 
Moscow and London have 
now been replaced. 

Western diplomatic sources 
said last night that the ^ 
had gained international ag- 
nificance because itcoiraxW 
with efforts to set-up the 

second Reagah-Gorbachov 

SSrniL They said Britain 

. on 

- questions 
seen as < 

"■WiSSSi said the Visit 
.which will include tatts with 
■Mrs Thatcher, 

South African broadcast’s praise of Thatcher 

State-run media follow Pretoria’s line 

From Michael Hornsby 

The “Morning Comment” 
on the South African Br- 
easting Corporation s (SABC) 
radio service, which yesterday 

The commentary is the 
work of an SABC “Comment 
team". Direct liaison with 
government officials is dis- 
claimed. “Of course, they 
move in the same circle, meet 
at cocktail parties, arid knbw 

to power in 1948 it has been 
used as a blatant propaganda 
look especially in the field of 
news and current affairs. 

At the top of the SABC 
hierarchy is a Board of Con- 
trol .whose members are ap- 

Kosygin. Western diplomats 
said next week’s visit was 
likely to lead to a return 
invitation to Mrs Thatcher. 

Although Mrs Thatcher ms 

dubbed “The Iron Lady by 
the Soviet press, the diplomats 
said she and Mr Goibacbov 
apt on well during his celebrat- 
ed trip to London shortly 
before he took over m the 
Kremlin. A visit to Moscow 
next year would improve Mrs 
Thatcher’s image 

The Western sources said it 
was likely that the plight of Dr 
Andrei Sakharov, the dissi- 
dent Soviet physicist would 
be one of a number of human 
rights issues - mcluding the 

cases of six divided families 
to be raised during the Lon- 
don talks. 

Mrs Thatcher recently met 

n _'c ante. MTS 


against economic sanctions. often they just happen to agree p. W. Botha^The chaumanjs 

with them," one SABC source 

Founded by an Act of Par- 
liament in 1936, theSAJBC 
was modelled on the BBC But 
it never enjoyed the lauers re- 

has come to be regarded as a 
reliable guide to government 
thinking. , . 

It goes out every weekday 
morning on the English and 
Afrikaans services, and is 

Dr Brand Foune. who was 
South Africa’s Ambassador to 
the United States and the 
country’s most senior dip- 

The board appoints a man- 

issssrss SHEssws ssassa-W! 

What the radio commentary said 

If any characteristic domi- Thatcher of Brigjh _~J« r 
■rates ante more re- 

markable- O-^ a giin, fa ea- 

£S.d It its unreasoning treiv e mg C*£ 

emotionalism, raised to few te m^eTcleor that she 

^*^ sa ** aaa>,sm iEKSto *}**«*« 

and distortions. . 

The most speoons 1®*“**; Makinc not even a gesture 



she poults out that there has 
never yet been an instance 
where punitive sanctions nave 
brought about internal change. 
Certainly one would have ex- 
pected the lobbyists to explain 
to their audiences why they 
expect sanctions to work this 
time - a question to which 
they have in fact not addressed 
themselves at all. 

But Mrs Thatcher goes on 

On arms, Se Rus- 

emment is expecting the Rus- 
sians to press for the inclusion 
of the British independent 
nuclear deterrent in anyarms 


.wi thal the Kremlin was 
SSTtfis Western Europe 

more reriously. “TOis is partly „,m»rnowers. a move it 

for the purpose of driving a 
’ -wedge between it and Amen- 
™ and partly because of 
- confusion here ovct current 
* American intentions. 


the superpowers, 
will resist. 

During the London 
foe main points of friction are 
Sneered to be Britain s sup- 

LJrtand commercial mvolve- 

cursory examination 
are widely publicized 
quoted as authoritative. 

The result is another exam- 
ple of that modern publicity 
phenomenon, manufactured 
world opinion, uninformed 
about its subject and heedless 
of foe effects of the action to 
which it would give rise. 

It is no wonder then that so 
ipany otherwise sober political 
leaders have capitulated to the 

= mmtimf ifefeti 

Tn thJrXi South Africa has in an yerent 
He much to change 
she states, listing a 
’ the changes. She 

atelv and wBfnlly depriving believes that not k* 5 

Ji black people - and been doneyet. That m an C 
whiter ami coloureds and In- ceptionable judgment. 

ftfefeiplied by the goalsset 

honestly gaining?" 

What is moral, she asks, 
about foe West refusing to 
take South Africa's essentia 1 
strategic goods, and .handing 
over future security of supplies 
to the Soviet Union, a country 

for the reform programme, a 
programme that fcegan ivell 
before the sanctions bandwag- 
on got under way. 

To the emotion-charged at- 
mosphere in which the sanc- 
tions argument rages, the Bri- 
tish Prime Minister brings the 

is in charge of the day-to-day 
running of the corporation. 
The present director-general is 
Mr Adriaan Eksteen, another 
former diplomat who m foe 
late 1970s was South Africa s 
permanent representative at 
foe United Nations . 

Bias is most obvious inthe 
television news bulletins. Dur- 
ing the past 18 months they 
have shown little of the vio- 
lence in black townships and 
the brutal police behaviour. 

Television was introduced 
in 1976 and there are now four 
channels. TV 1 is shared by 
Afrikaans and English (pro- 
grammes until 8pm are in one 
language and those after 8pm 
are in the other lan^iage/tbe 
order changing each day). TV2 
(Zulu and Xhosa) and TV3 
(So tho and Tswmia) carry 
programmes in African lan- 
guages. . . 

TV4 is a new entertainment 
channel, in English and Afri- 
kaans, which relies heavily on 
American situation comedies, 
many involving black actors. 
Some see this as an attempt to 
get white South Africans ac- 
customed to the idea ofhaving 
blacks in their sitting-rooms, it 
initially only on the small 

In the non-news area, 
changing attitudes haw been 
reflected in bolder TV plays 
which have explored such 
previously untouchable sub- 
jects as sexual relations be- 
tween people of different 

races. _ 

• New service: SABCs reve- 
nue comes mainly from li- 
cence fees and advertising, or 
which it has so for had a 
monopoly. A new subscriber 

uphill task 

mricanintenno..- and commercial tere ctpimhued lo me te tfeums ... 

They addedJhat^Bn^ m „, with ^ I sanctiof ^Pede, ff^ ikM seen°how^ much fSedom M- 

role 5i an intermediary wi ^ project and the .reoeni ^ continuing 
- Sseto obvio^ Soi of a British aucl^r | ^ ? f 

roiraofrrasOT/Whefoerasnf- TV service. M-Net TV, fe m 
rimoni rocidne of fairness and foe offing. It remains to be 

toi^ 11 Another reason 

ton. nuv-.-- - . w. os a 
^^foe fou^ visit 
rcsul it of because Mrs 

SKsWent Reagan- 

“oiurt dears 
the way for 
Barbie trial 

From Diana Geddes 



The Western 
Britain was unlikely to raise 

for ^fche^T^™” 

a “crime — for foe 

has opened & foe 


bat 1 ^SADpeal Court 
Howorw- ho- 

madity aro out sys- 



relig* 005 ®Softhatpoh- 

^S,ttrwto™ tbeir<,PP °' 

a j 

under the Nevada 

sources said 
f to raise 

eventhougfilhas stored j| 

Historian wins 
action over 

From Richard Bassett 


Mr David Irving, the British 

historian has successfully 
brought an action against the 

Ausman Government fordo- 

porting him from Vienna in 
June 1985. . . . v - 





force South Africa to make 
necessary political changes. 

good sense remains for it to 
prevail remains to te seen. 

Net TV will be allowed. 

tef, Mrs Margaret necessary pom**. — 

Trade unions take lead to resMtan®* 

From Midiael Hornsby 

The arrest of a leading black 
South African -trade union 
official on Wednesday at Jo- 
hannesburg airport, .as he was 
returning from a visit to the 
United States, has highlighted 
the role being played by trade 

unions in black resistance to 
the white-led GovernmenL 

It is not possible under the 
emergency regulations m force 
since June 12 to name the 
official, who is a leading 
member of the Commeraafl, 
Catering and AUied Workers 
Union (CCAWUSA), which 

cfei^a.ofeln.ami.e.ahipof b "teo^te noojber of 

^TlSe Government refuses 10 p«M t black i 

give either the names iorihe SSqf the 

number of peop^ j 1 ^ 5 ^? ooienti^black workforce - it 
under the emer^ncy, but “ifoy, and is one 

according to the Labour Mon- in Reasons why big 

■ .theGovem- 

From A Correspondent 

Signor Giulio Andreotti, the 

veteran "Christian Democrat 
who has been Italy's Prune 
Minister five times, was yes- 
teiday called in to try to fonn 
a government and hll_ tne 
vacuum caused by the resigna- 
tion two weeks ago of Signor 
Bettino Craxi. . 

Signor Andreotti, Foreign 
Minister in the Craxi Govern- 
ment, was summoned by Pres- 
ident Francesco Cossiga after 
two weeks of vain efforts to 
patch up a quarrel between the 
Christian Democrats and 

But unless Signor 
Andreotti, aged 67, can per- 
suade the Socialists to join bis 
government — which seems 
unlikely at present - his 
administration is almost cer- 
tainly doomed to lack a major- 
ity in Parliament. 

In these circumstances it 
would not be expected to last 
very long, and there is now a 
very real possibility of genera! 
elections in Italy eitiier in the 
autumn or next spring. 

The bitter quarrel between 
foe Socialists and the Chris- 
tian Democrats over who 
should hold the job of Pome 
Minister in foe coalition has 
now developed into a trial, ot 
strength in which neither side 
seems willing to lose face by 
backing down. 

The five-party formula is 
recognized by all the parties in 
foe outgoing Governmen t to 
be the only viable administra- 
tion in foe present Parliament 
which does not involve calling 
in foe powerful Communists. 1 

But the Socialists demand 
unconditional support for a 
new Craxi administration. 
The Christian Democrats say 
they will agree to Signor Craici 
staying on only until the end 
of this year. Alternati vely they 
will support him until foe etto 
of the legislature in 1 988 as 
long as he agrees to back their 
leadership of the Government 
for foe next five years. 

two after 

Kampala (Rejri®^) 

Uganda’s ruling National Re- 
sistance Movement has dis- 
missed its chief polmcd 
commissar. Commando- Gya- 
genda Kibirango, after an 
army attack on an NRM 
political school 
Mr Roland Kakooza, the 
commander of the sctojjJ. ”1 
Najemba forest 14 mues 
north-west of Kampala, has 
been arrested. 

Seven people were killed at 
foe Najemba forest ideological 
school when troops stormed 
it, thinking it was a camp for 

outlaws. . , 

President Museveni apol- 
ogized to villagers near foe 
school for the incident and 
offered his condolences to the 
victims’ ferailies. 

Ocean search 
for Scots girl 

New York (Reuter) - US 
Coast Guard and navy planes 
were scouring the Atlantic oft 
Newfoundland yesterday for 
Anne Katherine Miller, a 
Scottish woman sailor, alter 
her yacht was found, appar- 
ently abandoned, by a tanker. 

She set sail from Bermuda 
on June 26 in her 30 ft smgte- 
masted sloop Rupert on a solo 
transatlantic crossing to tne 
west coast of Scotland. 

Son jailed for 
mercy killing 

Martinez. California (AP)- 
Edward Thomas Baker, aged 
37, who forced a nurse at 
gunpoint to disconnect ms 
cancer-stricken father’s life- 
support machinery, has plead- 
ed guilty to voluntary man- 
slaughter. . _ . . „ 

The prosecution agreed to a 
reduced sentence of not more 
than one year in county jail 
and five years' probation. 

Gulls danger 

Paris (Reuter) — An Airbus 
■of the French domestic airline 
Air Inter, bound for Pans with 
nearly 200 passengers on 
board, returned to Nice air- 
port only minutes after take- 
off yesterday when it hit a 
flock of seagulls over the 

Mob revenge 

Rio de Janeiro (Reuter) - A 
mob of about 250, mainly taxi 
drivers avenging foe murder 
of a colleague, set fire to a 
police station in the Amazon 
region of Brazil, then beat to 
death a murder suspect and 
seriously injured another. 

Religious riot 

Delhi (Reuter) - Sixteen 
people were killed and 100 
injured in Muslim-Hmdu ri- 
ots after a Hindu march in 


One year on 

Greenpeace groups 
blockaded the French Embas- 
sy in London and the French 
consulate in Hamburg to mark 
foe first anniversary of the 
sinking of the Rainbow War- 
rior by French saboteurs in 
Auckland harbour. 

Grave move 

Boxiel, Netherlands (AP) - 
The White Fathers, a Roman 
Catholic missionary order, is 
planning to take along both 
past and present members 
when it moves soon from St 
Charles Monastery here to a 
new building - including the 
ones in the monastery 

Longer life 

Tokyo (Reuter) - Japanese 
life expectancy at birth went 
up last year to 80.46 years for 
women and 74.84 for men. 

Lovers’ leap 

Peking (Reuter) - Chma^s 
legal authorities have warned 
couples living together outside 
marriage that they are Jacking 
in morality and breaking the 


Hong Kong (AFP) - The 
first Chinese-Umguage edition 
of Playboy magazine appeared 
on newsstands here on 
Wednesday and all 50,000 
copies were sold in one day. 

arrested «- * 

"andsubsequen^y de- 
poned by Austnan pote- 

a spokesman for the Austn- 

firmed yesterday that, m mi 


Sven his costs and been 

declared persona grata. 

later this y^ 

mg to i — . 

itoring Group, an inderen- 
dent body, more than 1.3UU. 
trade union officials and 
members have been detained 
at one time or another. _ 
The retail pharmaceutical 
and mining industries have all 
been hit by protest strikes, and 

business is urging tne uovem- 
ment to roove taster m dis- 
mantling apartheid. 

The Government's decision 

on Wednesday to hn a ban 
imposed two days earlier on 

iradeunion meetings^ the 

US civil defence is 
in a parlous state 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

except Florida. 

The report says 


Sister Clare Harkin 
after being released 
detention at Pollsmooor pns- 

detention trader the enter- course of to duty. 

Trade Unions (Cosatu), the 
country's biggest, predomi- 
nantly Wack, labour federa- 
tion. with an estimated 
500.000 members, is planning 
a “day of action" next 

It is not yet clear what form 
foe action will take. Any 
public call by Cosatu for 
Strikes or boycotts could be 
raided as “subversive" 

In a country where most 
normal forms of political ac- 
tion are denied to blacks, trade 
unions, which were made legal 
for blacks only in 1979, inev- 
itably have become one of the 
main channels for the expres- 
sion of political, as well as 
social and economic, griev- 

the Congress of South African Johannesburg area appears m 

- - nan to reflect pressure from 

the business community. 

Earlier, four unions, includ- 
ing CCAWUSA. had started 
proceedings in Uk 
{ wane Court to challenge the 
legal validity of the ban/ptese 
wfilnow be 

a separate action by the Metal 

Lid Allied Workers' Union 
(MAWU) is going ahead in the 
Durban Supreme Court. 

MaWU contends that the 
Government failed to oteerve 
the proper procedures after it 
declared the state of emergen- 
CTonJune 12, and that all the 
regulations implemented wi- 
der it have been unlawful 

since June 26. The case is to be 

heard next week. 

With a budget of 55 cents 
(36p) per citizen, US civil 
defence is in a parlous state. 
Accoiding to a new report, any 
ability to protect the popula- 
tion and operate the govern- 
ment in the aftermath of a 
nuclear war is “low and 

The Federal Emergency 
Management Agency (IJma), 
which is changed with co- 
ordinating and supporting the 
civil defence network, said a 
programme modelled on the 
extensive Swiss system wpuld 
probably require a sustained 
annual budget billion (£6 

The budget request for next 
year is $130 million, which 
pays for such things as the 
emergency operating centres 
established by every state 

most of 

them lack what would be 
needed to function after a 
nuclear war. 

The Reagan Administration 
has now informed state gov- 
ernments that they will no 
longer receive funds under the 
Civil Defence Act for natural 
disaster planning unless they 
also prepare for nuclear war. 
The move reflects the Gov- 
ernment's determination to 
put more emphasis on nuclear 
war survival. However, Fema 
has reassured states that funds 
appropriated for hurricane re- 
lief and flood control will not 
be affected. 

There is resistance by many 
states to spending millions of 
dollars on protection against 
nuclear attack. 

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In the Chinese capital of Beijing (Peking the bicycle is 
still the most popular form of transport . \ 

Almost too popular you might say. * 

Because at 715 every morning, a few million cyclists on‘ 
their way to work converge on the city centre and create one 1 
almighty traffic jam. 

Its a ticklish little problem that had baffled the authori- 
ties for years until just recently they hit upon an answer 
6,000 miles away 

Here at Plessey in Britain. 

The green light. 

What brought Plessey to the attention of China wasomj 
unique traffic control system that’s already in operation in the 
UK To date, eight major cities have installed it Another six* 
have it on order. * 

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For Beijing, we specially adapted the system from its 

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usual motor vehicle basis and developed detector techniques 
to allow for the smaller metal content and slower speeds of 
the bicycle. 

Now, were about to supply install and commission- 
hardware and software for the project 

This includes intersection controllers, detectors, plus 
computer management with operator peripherals and 
wallmap displays. 

So, 15 months from now, Beijing’s cyclists Should be 
happily freewheeling again. 

All systems go. * 

Our traffic control systems are merely the tip of the 
iceberg as far as Plessey’s activities go. 

Wfere dedicated to technology in areas as far ranging 
| as telecommunications, defence and micro-electronics. 

Our investment for the future too, goes beyond research 
and development and into people. 

In recent years we have recruited up to 10% of the 
nations brightest electronics graduates. 

Many of them stay with us and become part of our 
management structure. So that most of our divisions have 
managing directors in their forties -with a strong entre- 
preneurial spirit ? 

Our operating profits over the past 5 years underline 
t *■ j| the fact They show an increase of 89% with a compound 
| c ; annual rate of growth in profit before tax of 15%. 3 

And this over the most testing period for any electronic^ 
company spanning as it did the huge technological change 
from analogue to digital electronic systems. *. 

The fast lane. | 

The next few years look particularly healthy for us iij 
the area of new product development 

Equally, initiatives in the United States, Europe and 
Australia suggest a substantial strengthening of our inter- 
national operations. 

For this success to continue, it is vital that we preserve 

the qualities which make us unique as a company. 

And we believe that we can only do this by maintaining 
our independence. 

Having just helped a whole city to speed up again, 
wed hate to see ourselves slowing down. I 

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Suicide guerrillas in fierce 
beach battle with Israelis 

„ » . ... for «iu- nairol boat as they were sa* 1 

iVPft 5F. AS NEWS 


From Robert Fisk 
• Beirut 

For the first time, Palestin- . 
ian and Lebanese guerrilla 
groups mounted a joint opera- 
tion against the Israelis in 
southern Lebanon yesterday, 
engaging Israeli troops in a 
suicidal two-hour gun battle 
that left four of their own men 
and two Israeli soldiers dead. 

Nine other Israeli soldiers 
were wounded in the fierce 
fighting on a Mediterranean 
beach just south of the UN 
headquarters at Naqqoura in 
the early hours of the morn- 
ing, during which the Palestin- 
ians and. Lebanese hurled 
grenades at Israeli troops. The 
boat on which they were trying 
to sail south towards Israel 
had been intercepted and set 
on fire by an Israeli naval 

Unconfirmed reports from 
southern Lebanon yesterday 
said that two other Israeli 

soldiers had been so badly 
wounded that they were not 
expected to live, while three 
other guerrillas, two Lebanese 
and a Palestinian, survived 
the battle and had been taken 

In Sidon yesterday morn- 
ing, the Popular Front for the 
Liberation of Palestine — 
whose headquarters is in Da- 
mascus — and the pro-Syrian 
Syrian Social Nationalist Par- 
ty issued a joint communique 

claiming responsibility for the 
attempt to infiltrate to Israel 
in what they described as 
seaborne suicide operation . 
The statement claimed that 
five Israeli soldiers had been 
killed just north of the Israeli 
coastal town of Nahanya. 

In feel the guerrillas never 
reached Israel. They beached 
their burning dinghy tin the 
Lebanese coast just north O! 
the Israeli frontier but inside 
Israel's occupation zone in 
southern Lebanon. 

For two hours, UN troops at 
their nearby headquarters 
heard explosions and heavy 

patrol boat as they «« ® a jg 
in a robber dinghy offthe 
coastline at 3.30 yesterday 

m Actorfing \o a 
Israeli soldier, mien newt&Mr 
er on Israeli armed forces 
radio, the guerrillas bad was 
hit by Israeli tracer from a 

range of 200 yards. 

“It was hit by tracers and 
went up in flames," the soldier 
said. “We came within 20 
yards ... it atosuSy 
burning on the beach, and 

then they threw a grenade. 

A few hours after foe battle, 

shells were fired from gun 

heard explosions ana sneus wc,c r i , " li Amv tej 

shooting from the beach to the positions of the Israeu Army 

south and saw Israeli helicop- and its proxy foe 5 ' a • > .y 'i 

lerafiring onto foe cc»sfone. ; _ Ut«_np„^y jnfona 

Shin Bet officials 
admit cover-up 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

Two senior Shin Bet offi- expected to apply for them if 

they are charged following a 
police inquiry into the affair. 

Meanwhile, the court has 
announced it will hear the 
many outstanding cases in the 
Shin Bet affair on July 20. 
These will include hearing the 
Government’s reason for re- 
fusing to hold an inquiry into 
what happened at the time of I 
the Palestinians’ deaths. 

Mr Yosef Harish, the Attor- 
ney-General has said he will 
tell the hearing that the police 
inquiry cannot be stopped if, 
by then, the Government still 
continues to refuse to set up a 
secret judicial inquiry. 

Mr Harish has said he 
would prefer a judicial inquiry 

.19 VMW — ... 

The Israelis put up illumi- 
nation flares for most of foe 
two-hour battle, but still ap- 
parently failed to capture all 
foe guerrillas. 

In Sidon. SSNP officials 
claimed that they had been in 
touch with three survivors try 
radio. They said that then- 
attack had been carried out t® 
commemorate foe death ot 
the founder of their party, 
Anton Saadeh, who was shot 
by a Lebanese Government 
firing squad for leading an 
armed revolt in 1951. The 

occupation zone. The bom- 
bardment fell on foe Shut 

Muslim village of Kfer 
man where, according tolocai 
police reports, a girl agefl>A 
Iras killed and her younger 
brother wounded.' 

The Syrians are dearly go- 
ing to be identified with 
yesterday’s attack; both 
groups involved draw their 
inspiration - and foeir weap- 
on _ from Damascus. Syria, 

it seems, is prepared to impo« 

its security plans upon Beirut 
but is in no mood to encour- 

** SM. _ e j^cjj aft^ ^firefight as Israeli troups stand guard. 

Bodies of three guerrillas be on tne oeacn _ 

PLO man quits Jordan 

—mi nuofimi 

By Our Foreign Staff 

rials, who were granted par- 
dons for their parts in the 
cover-up of the deaths _ in 
custody of two Palestinian 
hijackers, have explained 
anonymously to the High 
Court of Justice that one 
concealed the role of the Shin 
Bet in the killings and the 
other helped witnesses con- 
coct evidence to fool the 


. The admissions were made 
known in depositions put 
before the court yesterday by 
their lawyers. 

The junior officials who 
took part in the actual killings 
have not been granted par- 
dons, but their lawyers are 

armed revolt in 1951. The 

SSNP advocates the merger of age an end to foe guernua 

Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, foe against ns Israeli enemy 

■ . n, J t’linni) 

old Palestine, Iraq, Kuwait 
and Cyprus into a greater 
Syria, , _ .. 

According to the Israelis, 
the guerrillas were seen by the 
crewofan Israeli Dabur naval 


southern Lebanon. 

The Syrians, however; have 
enemies enough in Bemit. 
Two bombs have exploded 
near the headquarters of their 
niainclofoes security police in 

foe west of foe city, a dear 
warning of what may he m 
store for the latest of Beirut s 
“peacekeepers". , 

• JERUSALEM: The Israeli 
Army, in its account of the 
beach battle, said reinforce- 
ments, including helicopters, 
were called in and, with foe 
whole area illuminated by 
flares, the burning dinghy was 
strafed time and again, tailing 
foe men on board (Ian Murray 

Tonis (Renter) — Mr Khalil 
al-Wazir, Mr Yassir Arafat s 
military deputy in the Fatah 
eronn, left Amman for Iraq 
vesterday after his expulsion 
fmm Jordan following foe 
closure of PLO offices. 

Leaders of the Palestine 
Liberation Organization have 

began an emergency meeting 
to review relations with Jor- 
dan because of the closure fey 
Amman of 25 PLO offices. 

A PLO official said yester- 
day that the group’s leaders 
will discuss the effect of the 
Jordanian move on foe future 
of foe Palestinian peoples 
struggle and its consequences 
for inter-Arab relations. 

Paris news 
agency hit 
by strike 

From Diana Geddas 

Unions representing the 

-> 000 journalists and workers 
at Agence France-Presse 
(AFP), one of the world $ lour 
■largest international ■ press 
agencies, began a J-4-houx 
strike at noon yesterday m 
protest against the manage- 
ment's recently announced 
draconian, “recovery plan , 
which will cost 300 jobs. 

’ On Tuesday the agency's 
board of directors endorsed a 
proposal to shed 300 jobs 
within the next force years, 
half of them belonging to 
journalists, after hearing that 
the agency made a loss tot 
year of 63.7 million fran«l£6 
million) on a turnover of 700 

million francs. . , _ 

Although AFP had budget- 
ed for a substantial defiat in 
1985 — in view uf a cosily 
development jrfan bundled 
foe previous year — its losses 
were much higher t han expect- 
ed. In addition, its income was 
lower than predicted because 
of fierce competition, i . 

AFP is technically, an inde- 
pendent agency, though 56per 
cent of its income comes from 
foe 340 French government 
agencies throughout foe world 
which take its service.. A 
disproportionate mcrease m 
the fees, paid by the 340 bas 
been ruled oul on foe basis 
foal AFP would risk losing its 


Boom time in Brazil 

Anti-inflation plan may 
fall victim to success 

From A Correspondent, Rio de Janeiro 
Whe, Brazil drfmd l. UteRi.-H.SS. 


to "* 1 “ miring tor flmier signs of 

economic stagnate® taai ^ba^y to make 

toon* orer most of Uh» tor 

A®*™*- . - plant expansion. 

Bat while foe aeigh feswiring Now, a number of industries 

countries are slogging in reres- full capacity, 

Son or growing ®iy»r»^ 8 W in severe *%®ttle- 

ly, Brazil is in the mrfdbota necks^l or constrictions in 
remarkable ^ production. 

Retail sales are booming, ' no- p ^ Paulo, centre of foe 
employment has plunged in tenth largest antomo- 

main c j ties ’ "WE bile industry,. 8 , 00 ( 1 1 new airs 
jumped an estin^ed 3 «P«r ^ m factory tote 

cent in Teal . valne sn recem j )gcaBse 0 y a scarcity m hean- 
months. . lamps, tyres and g®®* 0 *®- 

Business is so good, m fact, gott-drink vendors must wait 
that many here are worried ontil 1988 to place new orders 
that the risky econonucsteo*- f or equipment. . . 

lization plan announced I last at**, a severe shortage 
February, which overnight re- ^ skilled and ^scnu-staUed , 
dneed Inflation from 250 per htbonr has stafled a number ®. | 
cent to nearly ,“ I V® ay construction projects, 
heenme a victim of success. a year ago fc growing 

• insftHMl of cooling down fe pains had not yet 

i^ISny, PresidentSaroey s ^ W 85 £wsrato«^ 

inflation-fighting phufe product, the measure of a 

p fmn mzado. ended up f our- nation’s eawmic activiq^ ex 
Sgjnore fuel on the fire. Now, panded by 8 per cenL one 
mma economists argue, foe the highest in the world. _ 
SmyTdoopnwslj over- BrSSos, teMmd Jw 
iu>sted. successive years of aatfe 

ast feegnung to re 
power and foe W- 
r counted heavily on foe 
g trade revenues to pay 

SscIm S 3SU53E 

such goods in stodt. Anew ***«,• CMfoor Celso Mar- 

waft attest ■« ^^rf^ofStoPanlo 

months for many models. ton^a ^ .* WWl the 

ss ss& 

liKt Hu. finvenunent nsks _an « 

Our rate is now 


X •/ L 

(And that’s just a small percmtage of the 

service we have to otter ) 

— . r ,1 !,(lnonhal 

OUT jnDDlfi3* 

ice wuk » — v . 

The head of the influentol 
«o Panlo Federation of P^ 

Of foe Government to retax 

price controls 4 ^ 00 , 1 J >e .^5 
Shostricb putting 
underground in order not to 


Monetary Conncfl opted 

restrict corner CTeditan^ 
loan operations, but 
^ purposely avoided 
2LJ thfltwoald squeeze foe 
favour of larger 

the Finance Minister, 


From 1st July 198& The Mortgage Corporation ratejs 
reduced to a new low leveL Which is excellent news for both 
housebuyers and those thinking of remortgaging. 

However, our rate isn’t the only special thing we offer 
The speed of ou r service is equally remarkable. Infact, we 
could send you a preliminary offer the same day we receive 
your application. n 

We also assign you your own Personal MortgageCo - 
sultant to ensure your mortgage goes through smoothly 
and efficiently. 

And were a company with specialist expertise; parr 
of one of the worlds leading financial institudonsr^ath an ., 
established reputation in the area of mortgage financerafTd 
over £.60 billion worth of assets. 

For a brochure, call 0800 400 424 free of charge Or 

send in the coup on be l ow • • , _ - 

|"”pieasesendme your brochure and application form. | 



^w^obyl inquiry gets 

sixth chairman 





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Send to: 

The Nlortgflgc Corporation. 
Application Service. 

- 5555 . 1 

^GING LJ^H swy Bristol B5I W TC . „- | 

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Dhaka violence 
erupts after 
opposition snub 
to Parliament 

From Ahmed Fad, Dhaka 

Violent clashes broke out 
between thousands of opposi- 
tion supporters and security 
forces on the streets of Dhaka 
yesterday as the newly-elected 
Parliament opened. 

The inaugural session mark- 
ed the first phase in the return 
of civilian rule after more than 
four years of martial law. 

More than 300 people were 
injured as riot police and 
paramilitary units iired on 
demonstrators shouting slo- 
gans for the immediate end of 
military rule, hospital sources 
and eye-witnesses said. 

About 100 people were 
arrested after the clashes, po- 
lice officials said. 

Sheikh Hasina Wazed, chief 
of the Awami League, an- 
nounced a parallel “‘par- 
liament" with 103 opposition 
members belonging to the 
League and an eight-party 
alliance, after police said she 
could not enter the Parliament 
Building chanting slogans. 

“We are holding a session of 
the people's parliament." 
Sheikh Hasina said at the 
Parliament gate as opposition 
members accused President 
Ershad of delaying dem- 

While General Ershad 
promised in an address inside 
the Parliament to speed up the 
restoration of civilian rule, 
supporters of the former rul- 
ing Bangladesh Nationalist 
Party and the fundamentalist 

Jamaat-i-Islarai hurled stones 
and exploded hand bombs. A 
dozen policemen were injured 
in the clashes. 

Police burst tear-gas shells 
in several places to disperse 
mote breaking road barri- 
cades set up to prevent dem- 
onstrators reaching the Par- 
liament Building. 

More than 5.000 policemen 
were deployed around the 
building in the morning as 
tens of thousands of opposi- 
tion supporters began to gath- 
er for a protest march. 

A total of 119 opposition 
and independent members 
boycotted the opening session. 

A parliamentary official 
said 204 members, which 
included 199 from the ruling 
Jatiyo Party, were in the 330- 
seat house. Seven by-elections 
are due next month. 

General Ershad said that the 
Parliament would become the 
nerve centre of all national 
activities in ffiture. But he 
gave no date for the ending of 
martial law, imposed when he 
seized power in March 1982. 

Earlier on Wednesday, Gen- 
eral Ershad appointed a civil- 
ian Prime Minister, Mr Miz- 
anur Rahman Chowdhury, to 
head a 26-member Cabinet, 
dropping all serving generals 
from the Government for the 
first time. 

Meanwhile, the Parliament 
was adjourned until July 13. 

Militancy in Finland 

Middle class take 
over strike banner 

From Olli KIvinen, Helsinki 

People using rafts in the fishing town of Malabon, near Manila, to get through waist-deep flood waters. 

jail six for 

Belgrade (Reuter) — Six 
Albanian nationalitts have 
been sentenced to a total of 60 
years in jail for hostile actions 
and sabotage, the Belgrade 
daily Polilika said yesterday. 

The sentences were passed 
on Wednesday by the district 
court in Bar, a port city in the 
Yugoslav republic of Monte- 
negro which borders Albania. 

The six were accused of 
hostile propaganda against 
Yugoslavia and planning acts 
of sabotage. They had amass- 
ed considerable amounts of 
explosives and weapons for 
this purpose, the report said. 

Typhoon pounds Philippines 

Typhoon Peggy cast a de- 
structive path across the 
northern Philippines yester- 
day, killing more than 40 
people, flooding huge areas 
and leaving behind a wide trail 
of wrecked houses, crops and 
buildings before heading to- 
wards south-east China. 

The first typhoon of the 
season strode Ihe main Philip- 
pines island of Lnzon on 
Wednesday with 109 mpfa 
muds and torrential rain, 
uprooting crops and flooding 
huge tracks of prime agricul- 
tural land. 

Early reports from Red 
Cross field officers pinpointed 
the provinces of Benguet, Nne- 
va Ecija and Pangasinan, 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 

north of Manila, as being the 
worst bit with thousands left 
homeless and sheltering in 
evacuation centres. 

More than 130,000 people 
were affected — more than half 
of them evacuees — and more 
than 3,000 homes were com- 
pletely or partly destroyed, 
according to the Ministry of 
Social Services and Develop- 
ment officers in just two of the 
four devastated regions. 

With the restoration of com- 
munications in these two re- 
gions, the number of deaths, 
and the estimates of crops and 
property damage are expected 
to rise sharply. 

Landslides isolated the 
mountain resort city of Baguio, 

where the bodies of 14 people 
were recovered from beneath 
the nibble of mod, boulders 
and trees which crashed and 
buried squatter hots dinging 
to the hillside. 

Although 250 miles from 
the eye of the typhoon, Manila 
was buffeted by high winds 
and driving rain. Swirling 
waist-high floods inundated 
the low-lying su barbs. 

Flood water in swollen dty 
canals, clogged with refuse, 
washed away scores of squat- 
ter shanties and by raid- 
morning 15 evacuation centres 
set up in schools and munici- 
pal halls were fall. All classes 
were suspended and workers 
in government and private 
offices ordered home. 


The unruly state of fin- 
land's industrial relations in 
the spring has underlined the 
growing importance of .the 
Scandinavian trend towards 
while-collar militancy. 

Strikes are becoming more 
and more middlc<iass afiaiis. 
More hours per union mem- 
ber have been lost in while- 
collar than in blue-collar 
strikes every year since 1982. 

The last conflict, which was 
settled just before the summer 
holiday season began on July 
1. was the electricians', strike, 
which broke recent records by 
lasting almost three months. 

The most spectacular con- 
flict was the four-week strike 
by one of the Civil Service and 
state employees’ unions. Al- 
though disruptive, there was 
little' actual damage. But it was 
.an important milestone to- 
wards new militancy. - 
Even most civil servants in 
Foreign Ministry went out, 
and it created serious difficul- 
ties in external information 
after the Chernobyl disaster. 

The. white-collar militancy 
began in the 1970s when 
women-dominated ■ groups, 
such as nursing and kindergar- 
ten teachers, started to de- 
mand reasonable wages. After 
this strikes spread to. numer- 
ous professions, from lib- ‘ 
rarians to doctors. .. 

Specialists in and out of 
trade unions say that the 
reasons behind the white- 
collar militancy are dearly 
financial Centralized wage 
and price agreements winch 
have dominated Finnish, in- 
dustrial relations since the 
mid-1970s have created dear 
disparities and favoured tradi- . 
tional blue-collar unions. 

White-collar unions have . 
not had wage rises and. other 
benefits brought about by 
favourable economic con- 

Finland has had steady 3 

per cent yearly growth in 
GNP. relative low unemploy- 
ment at about 6 per cent, and 
steadily declining inflation for 
several years. But white-collar 
workers have not been able to 
keep up with manual workers' 
wages and many professions 
have also lost, much of their 

.This has led to clearly felt 
frustrations,- because teachers, 
nurses; pharmacists and most 
other traditional middle-class 
professionals cannot dream of 
earning as much as a skilled 
carpenter or metalworker, opt 
to mention smaller, special- 
ized groups such as typo- 

Now 85 per cent of the 
members of Akava, the central 
organization for academically 
trained professionals, are wUL 
log to resort to strikes to 
improve their lot. The- same 
figure was only 23 per cent as 
recently as 1982. 

Structural changes in the 
country’s economy have given 
white-collar unions more 
members and . confidence, 
.while the old unions belonging 
to Sak, Finland's equivalent of 
the TUG are losing members. 
It is estimated that Akava will 
gain almost 50 per cent more 
members by the year 2000, 
and other white-collar unions 
will grow at similar speed. 

• This year the white-collar 
unions showed their strengh 
by signing a centralized wages 
and taxes agreement with the 
employers and the Govern- 
ment without Sak. 

This forced Sak to re- 
establish its prominence by a 
general strike. It- lasted only 
two days but showed that it is 
still die most important union 
organization and it wants to 
play a decisive role in negotia- 
tions between the unions, the 
employers and the Govern- 

Hospitals, like other organisations, 
depend on unfaltering support services. 
In this way, the medical staff can con- 
centrate exclusively on what they have 
been trained fbn caring for the sick. 

These crucial support services in a great 
many hospitals around the United States 
of America, as well as across Europe, ore 
provided by BET companies. 

To some of them Initial supplies herm- 
etically sealed, sterile surgical packs 
containing gowns, gloves, masks and 
other items for operating 

efficiently, BET supports its commercial, 
industrial and public sector customers 
around the world. Its tightly knitgroupof 
strategically related businesses all aim to 
provide the highest standards of service. 

Evidence of the success of its policies is 
reflected in the company’s performance 
and in its recent series of carefully chosen 
acquisitions - all on agreed terms in line 
with its stated strategy. 

Now, BET is building up another related 
service — security. It aims to become a 


Nurses in 
Israel lose 
pay fight 

From Ian Murray 

Israel's 11.000 hospital 
nurses yesterday ended their 
1 8-day-old strike, having 
failed to force the Govern- 
ment into negotiations on a 
new pay deaL 

The strike was called off 
after an agreement was 
reached to discuss ways of 
| .improving working condi- 
tions so that young people 
would be attracted to the 
profession. But the deal specif- 
ically avoided any talk of 
improving pay. 

The nurses had strongly 
denied government claims 
that they were among the best 
paid civil servants, receiving a 
lake-home pay of about £500 a 
month. They said the true 
figure was nearer half that 
amount, even after a promised 
12 per cent arbitration award 
was taken into consideration. 

The Government had re- 
fused to talk about pay, saying 
that any increase to the nurses 
would break the national wage 
agreement on which the suc- 
cess of the country’s economic 
austerity plan depended. 

The nurses have neverthe- 
less been promised a new 
trade union to protect their 
interests, in line with earlier 

Fuel crisis 
spreads in 

Sydney (Renter)— The New 
Smith Wales government yes- 
terday introduced strict petrol 
rationing as efforts continued 
to end a petrol strike threaten- 
htfimost of the country. 

The strike by the Federated 
Storemen and Packers Union, 
which controls petrol distribu- 
tion outlets, has already forced 
Victoria to ration petrol and 
South Australia may soon 
have to follow. The strikers 
are demanding improved re- 
tirement benefits. 

The Federal Industrial Re- 
lations Minister, Mr Ralph 
Willis, warned in a radio 
interview, yesterday that the 
Government, which has so far 
rejected opposition demands 
to force the strikers back to 
work, might intervene if tire 
dispute is not resolved quickly. 

However, the lahonr situa- 
tion appeared to be be improv- 
ing slightly in other sectors. 
Dockers, who walked oat fbr 
three days last week, have 
reached a settlement with 
employers over the retirement 
issue. Domestic airline pilots 
also dropped strike plans after 
reaching an agreement on 
Wednesday night 
The Oil Industry Industrial 
Secretariat yesterday said it 
might seek permission from 
the Arbitration Commission to 
lay off the striking workers. 

Malaysian rulers free 
from prosecution 

From M. G .G. Pillai, Koala Lompar 

The Malaysian High Court 
has ruled that the King, the 
nine slate rulers and their 
Crown Princes have absolute 
immunity against prosecu- 
tion, in what is believed to be 
the first decision of its kind. 

An appeal could still be 
made to the Supreme Court 
but Mr Justice Harun Hash- 
im's decision confirmed the 
prevailing view that Malay- 
sia's rulers and their immedi- 
ate heirs could not be sued far 
their public and diverse acts. 

The issue came before the 
courts when Mr Da eng Baha 
Ismail, a Malaysian business- 
man, decided to sue the King, 
Sultan Mahmood Iskandar, 
and his son, Tunku (Prince) 
Ibrahim IsmaiL the Crown 
Prince of Johore, for alleged 
assault tiiree years ago. Also 
named in the suit were two 
police officers and the Gov- 
ernment of Malaysia. 

There was consternation 
and astonishment when the 
writ was filed last month, but 
Tan Sri Abu Taiib Os man, the 

Attorney-General, for the 
King and his son, lrad theii 
names struck from the suit 
when it was heard this week. 

Sultan Mahmood Iskandar 
was elected Malaysia's King in 
1984 by the nine rulers, who 
choose one of -.drear number 
for the post every five years. In 
1961 the King had been re- 
moved as Crown Prince of Jo- 
hore, but was restored to that 
position 20 years later, becom- 
ing the Sultan when his father 
died shortly afterwards. 

Mr Daeng Ismail alleges 
that this restoration was un- 
constitutional since the King 
could not be in the direct line 
of succession once removal 
from iL 

. By the Johore Constitution 
in 1895 Britain provided that 
the sultanate should be held 
by direct male heirs of the first 
three rulers of modern Johore. 

Should there not be a male 
heir, the throne could go to 
any Johore Malay commoner 
approved by the State Coun- 

Bishop trial acquittals 


St George's, Grenada (Ren- 
ter) — Prosecutors yesterday 
'rested their case in the Man- 
rice Bishop murder trial 
throughout which some 
charges have been dropped 
against two of the 18 

The defendants are accused 
of murdering the former Gre- 
nada Prime Minister and sev- 
en of his associates in a bloody 
coop which prompted the US- 
led invasion of the island in 
October 1983. 

Chris Soronde and CecH 
Prime were yesterday acquit- 

ted of numdering tiiree of Mr 
Bishop's associates. 

The state has contended 
that the murder was planned 
at a meeting, of the Central 
Committee of Mr Bishop's 
New Jewel Movement (N JM). 
Several of the accused were 
locked in a power struggle 
within the NJM. - 

Mach of the testimony so 
far has come from defendants' 
statements, which they allege 
were made Ji ndw torture. . 

Tire defendants pie; due to 
present their casetoday. 


Four years ago, Britain’s leading car manufacturer embarked upon its 
most demanding challenge ever 

To build a range of luxury executive saloons that would be without equal. 

It would be an achievement that could be realised only through the total, 
heart-felt commitment from everyone involved in the development of the car. 

From those responsible for its looks and beauty of line. 

For its performance, handling and ride. Its specification and comfort. And, 
for its quality and reliability. 

That commitment would lead to many changes in approach and attitude. 

Most notably it would result in a unique development programme and 
joint venture between two leading car manufacturers. 

Rover and Honda. 

It would be a joint venture in the truest sense, the most productive sense. 
From day one they would share, exchange and improve ideas. 

They would work together on every aspect of the project. 

Better still, they would constantly compete with one another in the 
development of two separate executive motor cars. 

One a Rover; the other a Honda. 

As distinctively different as they are distinctive. 

Today, that vision becomes reality. For Rover. And for Britain. 




Tripos examination results at Cambridge University 

The following Tripos examina- 
tion results are announced from 
Cambridge University (‘de- 
notes distinction.) 

Archaeological and 
anthropological tripos, part 1 

Ctasi is J P Ban on. AUxy S. Readlm 
and Ctiun A Bruton. .GodpJpWn S. 
SBiuiuiy and Lucy C: S Qbmb. 
King's Lynn ClrlsTS and LucyC: A 

Kgi,aaa , g f» M , H 

Cocklbsiera and Gtrton. 

2 dMtai 1: K M AOsop. 
Wheatley Bark & Helton and Carton: 
G JB™*. Wilson's S. Watunston 
and Magd: £ K HettmsU; S- 

Helsinki. Finland and kjno'r E J 
CapeJD. Si Swimuns S. wimtoterad 
Carton: R A E Ctmingfiam. Tonbridge 
S and King's: K I Cowan. St Leonards 
S. St Andrews and Emma: F A 
Evirate Kuqby S and New H: S C 
Gardner. Sedbergh S and Oa: D J 
Griffiths. St Olive's andStSavUsuTii 
GS. Orpin qt on and Oa: N J Grundy. 
St Edwards S. Oxford and -Jes: H F 
Haines. Howells S. Denbigh andOu: J 
A Howard-Sneyd. Eton C and Cal; DL 
Johiaan. Hereford Cathedral GS and 
King's: TRH Johnson. Rad ley _C and 
FUzw: P A Jones. Hereford Cathedral 
GS and Jex R M Knowles. Sedbefgh S 


A S Pegers. Abbey 

Rob: J W Pitman. Eton and Pa«lea> 
C. London ana Cal: T J Ravbouid - 1 
Newport Free GS and Girtgn: R I 
Rippenoal. Dr ChaDoners and 
Cath: A P Robinson. Leeds GS and 
Sdw E K Rousham. Lewes Priory S 
■and Flow: H J S Ryder. Howells S. 
Denbigh and Pemb J M Scudamore. 
Puxbeck S. Wareham and Selw: V M 
SuffleM. Bryanston S and Flfcw: R J 
R Tempter. Epsom C and Gulpn: G C 
Vadaketh. Haileytoury C and Pemb: M 
W Warner. Sedates S and Carton: P L 
M wauunson. SI Mary s S- Ctalne and 
Newn: D L Welch. James Aliens Girls 
S. London and Kings: L Wild. 
Haberdashers' Ashe's , Clrte S. 
Hal cham and Emma: C WinmotL st 
Ivo Comp S. SI Ives and Orion. H B 
Wilson. Manchester GS aiM Porib: J 
M Wilson. Naltsea S and Cal: DSL 
Voung. Sherborne Girts S and Cath. 
Ckus 2 dvWM SRET Barker Jfelles 
C and Trm: S J Bradbury. Manchester 
GS and Ginon: L M Brewster. King 
Edward VII S. Mellon Mowbray and 
Mown: C Brooke. Burlington GS and 
Hammersmith and West London C 
and Lucs' C: H J Busby. Oieadle 
Htdme S and Qu: j Cherry. Chelten- 
ham Ladles C and Newn: H RCooKf. 
Farnborouoh HUi Convent C ami 
Cath; C J Davies. Bridgewater Hans. 
Mil ion Keynes and Pel; K S Fqrayth. 
Banchory. Acad and Emma: J A Fax. 
Bristol GS and Selw: R A Grundy 
Westminster S and King's: C E D 
Harrison. Fetus C and Newn; C H 
Laurence. King James’s C. Henley and 
Edward P C Greene. Oxford and New 
H: M H Lazarus. Marlborough C and 
Newn: J C Lloyd. Oxford C of F E and 
Chun K J MabbutL Kings C. Wimble- 
don and Glrton: J E Orrete Oulwood 
Grange S. Wakefield and Sid: □ P M 
Owen. Westminster S and Mander 

PorUnan and Woodward and Cfrton: 
R M Shaw. Harford Cathedral GS 
and New HiJCB Smith. Hyde SFC 
and J«: S E Stewart. Down* House S. 
Newbury and New H; G F Taylor. 
Wynwndhani C and Fitzw: L H 
Thornton. Northern CL Barnsley and 
King’s: S C West Lord Williams Upper 
S and Chur. 

Class * Q_A Carruthers: Cand 

joh; Cl Haftner. S* Ciarw HatL 
Oxford and Rob: A Kldani. 
diancrtwuie and Pemb: FS We*. 
Kelly & Tavistock ami Emma. 

Ardtfieologkal and 
anthropological tripos, part 2 
Social Anthropology _ 

■ Eh" f: K J Gardner. Stevenage Girls 
Sand New™ A W. 

NewcaAOe upon Tyne RGS and. JOh: 
P A Troll. North Lond on Pane 
and Chur. M T Yapp. Frauds 
S, St Albans and joh. 

Class 2 tSrtPoo fc S A BennetL St 
Anlcmys LewraJon S. She rt ponie and 
Chur M G Davies. Downside S and 
A B idSSSiti. Cambridge and 
London Tul. London and Jesi M 
Ouarino. British S of Parte- Franc* 
and Trtn: R R Hanna- DownHS a»d 
Gtrton: J R Hersov. Cdwarri f C 
Greene. Oxford aid Christ's R 
Hutten. Cam den S and OurM T 
latrou. Lycee Fmncais deLoodresand 
FUzw: F MacDonald. N fy- 

caslle US. NewraBUe.upJhTWand 
New H. M hiotatn._ Malvern OhteC 
and New H: S F <'£ s °Sh„. 1 '£ r, E 
London CdiitW* S aid Trhi. R N 
ptranue, Liantshen HS. Cardiff and 
KukT^Te Srobie. Charterhouse and 
Newtr N M lyzuewio. Lycee 

P van Dtlk- Jersey Girls C and John 
Hall Tut. London and Girlon: LS 
Wilkinson. Gravesend Girls S aad 

Class 2 Mdao EMP Albrecht. Police 

Richard Hale s. Her tford a nd CaUu A 
M E RuseetL TM Brwrtcy S. J2**L 
York. USA and Cameibury Tech C 
and Lucy C:« M Steward. Haffeybuiy 
C and Glrton. 

Class b None.- 

Physical Anthropology- 

Cbn 1: M N Baker. Tonbridge Girts 
GS and Girt on: A M frown'. 
Wimbledon HS and Glrton. 

Class 2 dbWsn f: R A Howe. Kings S. 
Macclesfield and GUtOn; C M.MowaL 
Strain aiian and Newn: A M fwbl 
P rince Henry's GS. OUcyanti Glrton: 
R Quinlan. WhlUdfl S. Croydon and 
Corp: c Ro*orough. IpswichS and 
Jes: C A ScrxxXns. Bristol GS and 
King's: O L Thorne. North Devon C. 
Bamsiapte and New H. S P ' WlgjvUL 
Hutton GS. Preston and I MR J 
williams. Llandovery C and Glrton: M 
C Wooiienon. King 
Norwich and Down. 

Barham. Monkton wud. Oiarmoum 
and Kingsway c. London and Lucy C: 
C C BennetL GodoiPhln and Latymcr 
S. London and Joh: j a Cunningham. 
Dulwich C and Eimriai C E Freeman. 
North Kesteven S. Lincoln and King's: 
B C Ibbs. Campion S. Northampton 
and NewHiM A MacLeod. Churchdl 
Comp S. Bristol and New H: H 
McDonald. King Eflwaros Girts GS. 
Btrmingham and Ginon: k j Naylor. 
Bury Oris GS and New H: M A 
mm. Hauuteu S. J«qr and Cta: G 
N Rutledge. Grosvenor HS- Belfast 
jOhg's: D Son. Hackhegth Girls 

GMas 2 dh rts tai £ None. 

GOn 3S M MuKhandartL Bombay Unlv 
and Chw. 

The Anglia Prize is awarded to J 
R Pitt, Carshalton HS and 
Newcastle Univ and Filz. 

Esgiisb tripos, part 1 

Okas 1: K Beafce. St Helens S. 
North wood and Pemb: RPL Chany. 
Durham S and Jes: A M David. 

Kings S. Canterbury and Down: P M 
C Mayhew-snuin. si Pam's s. London 
and Pet: S A' A Mendes. Magdalen C 
S- Oxford ana Pet wpgmi ’ 

Hws Cheng 

d: s v Latnbe. 

ery. Worthing SFC and Emma: _ . . 
Moor. Si Falx s. South wold and 
□own; A J Morris, Croydon HS and 
Newn: N P Mulhern. Si Andrews RC 
Comp S. Leauierhead and Pet: M D 
Myers. Columbta C- Qktahoma. USA 
and Fitzw: M a NeML wouno C and 
Oa: K P O'Keeffe, St Edmunds C. 
Ware and Davies's C. London and 
Rob: AS de V Parr. Eton C and Jes H 
M M Paterson. King Edward VI S. 
Chelmsford and Newn: M A Pedmz. 
Merchant Taylors' S. Nerttiwood and 
Trin: C J PettttL WIEhlnmnn Girls S. 
Manchester and Emma; C T PrtddJe. 
Kings C S- Wimbledon and Peg S j 
Primmer. Durham HS and New H: s 

Rah- d A Lindsay. Dover C and joIl 

Kaiya c as. L T3 

MmSefl. Ipswich HS and Trim HM 

Manor HS- London and Qiuh E L 
Ujdirafc and 

dre and 

s^k&sVI. ^S5ss» -y 

Ftew: C^MuirplW.;, 

and CaUv $ 

Richard Hate S. 

G Field. B&hoo veseyg GS andCal: L 
L GOmour. Leeds GUIs HS and Jes: A 
T G HUL Shrewsbury S and Trtn: L M 
Jenkins. Mary Ersfclru! s. Edinburgh 
and New H:ES Levy. North London 
CoOegiale S and CaL J F P Murphy. 
Loughborough GS and Joh: T I 
Shuttleworih. Royal Belfast Acad Inst 
and Qu. 

Class 2 dfotdun I: T J Adams. Bishop 
Vesey's GS and Chr N J Alderman. 
Ipswich s and Rob: S W Ang. Hwa 
Chong Junior C. Singapore and 

OaO- K Starting, stpwe s and Sid: W 

Chesterfield and Newn: V j Ton. 
Ward Freman S. Bundngford and 
Thu: S M WjUw. Poymon Co hs 
and Tr H: L J Wawtck: Lawnswood 
S, Leeds and New H: T P Watson. 
Newport Free cs. Saffron Wawot 

Hove and King's; jc S wuiSwon. King 
Edwards Girls HS. Birmingham and 
Qu: C J Williams. Lalymer : 

□own; K J Ashby. Yaiwey Comp S. 
Cambericy and Glrloo: & j Bailey. 
Slocknorl CS and CaUu CPA Btatr. 
Downside S and Trip: M Bridgwater. 
North Bromsgrove HS and Joh: S J 
Briers. Dean Close S. Cheltenham and 
King's: E K Brooker. RJOunond upon 
Thames C and Glrton: G E Budge. 
Colchester RGS and Corp: J E 
Campbell. Shrewsbury S and HUI C. 
Southampton and Glrton: D CanneCL 
Westmlnsier S and Emma: M A B 
Cannon. EtUiam C and Jon: S Charles. 
Wootton Upper S and Glrton: C M 
COleman. Deacons S- Pelertwrou*i 
and Tr H: S J Coleman. North London 
Collegiate S and Tr H: K A Denker 
Frances HoUand S. London and 
Emma: H Dennis. Gordapo S- Bristol 
and FUzw: M D Duion. HaberdasheiV 
Ashe's S. Hstree and Tr H. K M 
Elander. SI George's C of E S. 
Gravesend and Emma: M T Ffytche. 
Westminster S and cal: T D Firth. 
Applet od Had Co HS. Warrington and 

and Glrton: J s Young. Ward Freman 
s. Buninsford and Srtoo. 

Out 2 dMrioa 2 S C AIL BarnflaM C 
and King's: S E Atkins. Oxford HS 
and Rob: S Baker Wllbraham. Francis 
.Holland S.- London and Newn: J L 
B^bL^St Paulas cans S. London and 

Elizabet h 


HospitaL Br^S^ar S^ k& gd:. s 
oancy. Botsover S. cheetetiieid a._ 
Chur; W J Conlan. Chfsiehurst and 
Sidcun GS and Selw: J Cordell. 
CheadJe Hulme Go HS and Joh: F C 
Cnlchley. Chlsiehurst and Sldcup GS 
and Chrttl's: E H Cutts. St TeQos C or 
w hs, Cardiff and Glrton: C R Da we, 
Malvern C and Job: C H Derbyshire. 
Haywards Heath SFC and New H: N 
A Down. Ilfracombe S and Cta. A J 
Edwards. St Bernards Convent HS. 
westciur on sea and cath: s R M 
rachell. Dulwich C and Qu: T J Evans. 
LeMiton Park S. Reading and Selw: E 
N Ferguson, Fettcs C and Newn: P A 
Froth. Unlv C S. London and^Kinjt^ 



v C S. Lor 

N J Funnel!. Camden 

S and Rob: 

Edward VL 

Gins 2 dhrtston 2s M Nicola. Mwtldna] 
S. Nazareth and New H:BL Phillips. 
Canford S and King’s. 

Class 3: R S G couiam. Christ's 
Hospital S. Horsham and Std- 


Class is J R pm. Cardialton HS and 
Newcastle Unlv and Fitzw, 

Class 2 dMskm 1: F Allard. McGill 
Unlv, Canada and Wolfs: D A R 

M Griston. North Walsham Girts HS 
and Trtn: S J Hall. Medina HS I of 
Wight and Trin; M L W Hansllp Ward. 
Kings S. Rochester and Magd: C E 
Harris. King Edward VI S. Bury St 
Edmunds and Rob: P Haworth. Bacup 
and Rawtenstall GS and SkL C R 
Heaney. Guildford GUIs HS and 
Mander Pori man Woodward and 
Christ's: I S Henderson. Tonbridge S 
and Corn: K A Hill. Wycombe HS and 
Cath: D B Honlgmann. Eton C and Tr 
H; S Howled. Culford S and Joh: A L 
Hudson. Harrogate GS and Christ's: M 
J mctiiey. De Aston S. Market Rasen 
and Trtn: K E James. Ysgol Gyfun 
Rhydfefen and Emma: A Leigh, Unlv 
C S. London and Pemb: C M Macteod. 
Bristol GS and Down: J T Marshall. 

Geraflhty. St Michael's Convent GS. 
London and Chun J D Gray. Kings C 
S. Wimbledon and PeC H L C Gnat. 
Cranlelgh S and Corp: C M Groves. 
Wygoeaon and Queen Elizabeth I C. 
Leicester and Selw: K A Hancock. 
King Edward vi Girts. Camp Hm and 
Newn: S J Harding. Sir Joint 
Nelthorpe and Brigg SFC and Jes: T J 
Harvey -Samuel. Halley bury C and 
Qu: A L Hastings. Chrtslletaa HS, 
Chester and King's; A R Hayden. 
Bedaies S and Westminster Tut and 
Pel: C M Hicks. Si George's Girls S. 

Pemb: C D Howell. BoacorwOeM HS 
and Qu: S A Jarvis, vamdean SFC 
and Jes: MAP Jeffervon. Manchester 
CS and Fitzw: M Jolly. Dalton S. New 
York. USA and New H ; J M Jones. 
King James S. Knaresborough and 
Joh. P D Kefler. Newport Free GS. 
Saffron Walden and Chun T E Lam. 

J _ Norman. ~Kd*p Edw ard Vi & 
Southampton tnd CWirt'a: TJ A 


ssffisgsssr cS£Sgj|2V 

TYmfs R SWtne^^dPw C °* E^ 

and Carp: E L A Sloan. Bristol O S and 
Ficnrv L Stewart. HUB Road SFC. 


SS s c?h ^SSSS^wj^S^c 

And Fitzw: K G L Wan AmnWorO) 

%£Ts c ^S^ a 

ERwSlSlW. V^ggeslonColR^a^. 
Lcicrater and Newn: 1 J K WMK 
Newbaule Abbey G Daiketth and 
Wolfs: R W imams. Paisley GS and 
Lan aside C, Gfaogow and dowk a F 
WriSiL Camden S for Giris. Loodoo 
pwWSIm Vartan. WeaM 
Comp S- BfllUKBhurat and Calh: L J 
Young. Bnxrtley HS and Cam. 

run: o n nw— 

Dunf ormime and : 
of Aib rad Tech and Nnk L M £ 

SS5* hB 

and Trtn: A? WaddingioiL 
£d Fitzw: M N woodcock. Hunting- 
don S. York and Magd- 

The Betha Wolferetan 
Pr jyg is divided between ATG 
Hill, Shrewsbury S and Tnnand 
T I Shuttleworih, Royal Beifest 

Arad Insi and Qu. _ 

The T R Henn Pn 2 e is awarded 
to T I Shuttleworih, Royal 
Bei&st Acad Inst and Qu. 

Oxford unlv and OaiCJ 


Trin: J Burch. Halleybuiy C and 
Newn: J OioL WmuWalSjf 

Clan 2 d hlil w Si C A Raker. 
Ashnxnbe S. Dorking and Cai: M J B 
Baker. WhlltffT & Croydon and Cath: 
T c Barnoen. canfOrd S and Emma: 
M C BennetL Sherborne S and Magd: 
L J Boulton. Old Palace S. Croydon 
and Newn: M P Bridges. Dulwich c 
and pemb: C C Olnd. Bedaies s and 
Otrton: G D Chambers. Sudbucy 
Dow S and Cath: K J A CockBurn. 
RiHhln HS. I_of Maaimd^Sw 



Latynxr : 



and Catlt B M Escokne. B fjdato.L _ 
Tr H: A N Fntrweamer . Campkxi & 
Athens. Greece and CaUuAP 
FtafUatw. Belmont Abbey S and Cath: 
P R nsfler- Harvan i _Uhlfc .US A mid 
Trtn: P A Forman. Tonbridge S and 
ntz J C Frost HUH Road SFC. 
Cambridge and Joh: D B Gfflman. 
John RuRdn HS. Croydon -and Jes: D 
L Griffiths. I^Edwaro >m& 

..HA Cooratoes. Sfocktcui _ . 
■ami's: 8 E Davies. Chase . 
Malvern and Rob: J A Dwyer 
CokheUer Go HS and Selw: W 

Fpster-Browo. Radley C and Rob: C L 
GarrefL Oown Woods S. EUbaai a 

New H “ 


H: S 



WikFs Lynn and 

■ i- bit Armitagr”. Stockport CS 
and Catn: D L BaMJOL Haberdadrara* 
Aske's S- Etstrev and King's: A N R 
Barker. Kings C S. Wbnbledoa and 
KingTs: CQmutw, Unlv C5i Lawton 
and Trtn: C Bradley, n mey CS .and Tr 
H: R CarrolL Hens and EssatHS and 
Down; G N J Constable. Bedford 3 
and Trim A R Crtldcriden. §righ^»C 
and Corn; S M Cusk. St Mzry^ 
ConvpfiLCambrVJgearKl CabC A M 

de Sousa Turner. St Leonards May- 
nrtdSaod Trio: E A L De WaaL 
Kings S. Canteihwy and Tr Ft H M 
Down, watford OrfaGS and Down: R 
A FLnnts. Oxford . HS and J«R I 
Gardiner. Midhurst GS and MmTs: D 
M Gray. Barry Comp S and Barry C 
of FE and Chur: J V Hawley. South 
East Essex SFC and Christ's: M C 
Hudson. North London Collegiate 
and Qu: P J mingworth. st PauPs 
London and Pemb: S P Jarvis, 
whitgtn S. Croydon and Sid: J H 

i S and Jobe S P HunUon. 

Oookstown HS and Corp: A M Heap. 
HUN Road SFC. Cambridge and Jes 8 
T Hewitt, wojvernampton CS and 
Cad: R M T Harwood. Mount Xannel 
S. Aider ley Edge and King's: wj 
Holdon. WlUtdiffe Mount S. 
Cieckheaion and Glrton: PA 
Howarth. City of London Sand Cat I 
C Hunu Sir Joseon WBHamsan's 
MalhemMtcal and 
Huxley. " 

A Gieon i n . toowraec and Caou f 
F Goodwin. Brown Univ. USA and st 
Edtt; V F Gorman. Haberdashen^ 
Askes Girts S. Hatcharn znd Enmia: J 
C Ciaham. Rosebery Go S. Epson and 
New H; F J Hamgr. Watefey HUH HS. 
Rednal and Chun T J Hopkins. 

s - SLJU 

J E Ktng. Ertth C of Troh 

M C Lamb. RecBand HS. 

I and Csmbs C of Arts and Tech 
C: T L Lr 

^°?LSrd H 

‘.Magdalen c 5- oxroca arid 
_ _ R J W Inman. A rop le f orth C 

Trtn: A N Jarvis. Wohterley KS 

and Tr H: G P KeQy. Aylesbury (S 
and Pet: P j D Kenridc. St nut's 
London and Pet r 


FC and TF H: C S 

Miner. Wanstead HS. London and 
Trin: J Morris. Brmbourne S and 
Lucy C: A M J Newman. Christ’s 
Hospital. Horsham and Pet C S 
Pownau, Lakes S. Windermere and 
King's: S R Prosser. Ktog Edwards S. 
Birmingham and Trtn: P G Rtchard- 
500. Eton C and Ctt: N P RkfooL 
Chellenham GS and Tr H: N S Robbie. 
Kings C S. Wimbledon and Davies's C. 
London and Prt: S J Rosenberg- 
Haberdashers' Aster's S. EUree and - 
Pemb: K S Sebeg-Motaeflore. Bedaies 
S and jes: EUH Seymour. Madras C. 
St Andrews and Emma: W J 
Stephenson. Camay Grange Co GS 

I t J Boniface. Kingston C of FE 

and Sid: E J Drew. EasUiampstead 
Park S. Wokingham and canon: C L 

Edwards. Kings S. C^iuerbury and 
Trin: S J Everson. SgUltuO S and 
Fitzw: F M Fletcher. Stevenage C ot 
FE and Wolfe: G R Gamien. Manches 
ter GS and Rob: C A Getum. Coomb* 
Dean S. Plymouth and Pemb: CL 
Keating. Radnor C of FE and Lucy C 
T M kW. St George's S. Ascot and 
Jea; N K Lanrrv. GowmKm S 
Swansea and Sdw; D J Menaa. New 

White. Haberdashers' Ask e's S. 
Efetree and Cal: J R W Young. King 
WUUams C l of Man and Qo. 

Class 2 dMskm t A Athwde. St 
Maurts Convent S. Weybridge and 
Cal: T J F S Baker. Stamfords and 
Jes: V L Barren. Bishop Wand Cof E 
Sec S. Sunbury on Thames and Joh: 
M N E Batstooc. Bedaies S and Cla: J 

M Beagon. St Dominic's 

andCaS: M I Blasoand. Trtng S and 
ChrisTs: S R Booth. Habenlashers' 
A9ke*s s. Ektree and Tr H; J L S 

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Imagine walking into a showroom 
knowing you could borrow 
up to £10,000. to spend 
on a car, new or second- ^ 
hand. With a Royal Bank of 
Scotland Car Loan you could be doing 
it tomorrow. 

• •■W" * ..A t \ 

v, . . 

t S HKlopha. Stanford 

Unlv. USA and Lucy CJE Knowles. 
Stowe S and Corp: D N Lea. Horns e a 
S and Conk ft C Leonard. Ktngs w ood 
S. Bath and JskIr D Lewis. Watford 
GS and P*autj: KBG Llm. Hwa Chorm 
Junior C. Singapore and Newn: C D 
„ Lonco. SI Pai^s GBrls S. London and 
S Com: J M Lynch. King Edward VI 
s! Chris Camp Full and Newn: T J Marsh. 
Campbell C. Belfast and Pemb: C M 
Martin, wujiams C. USA and Emma: 
M S McCracken. Abingdon S and 
ChrtsrtK W CMefcMr, Wessex tul 
Winchester and King's: RAC 
Metcalfe. Victoria KS and Uverston 
SFC and Emma: C Meyrick. Round- 
wood Park S. Harpenden and New H: 
D R Milne. Wandsworth S. London 
and Florw; M B Moore. Manchester 
GS and Qu: R T Morris. Stonyfaurs C 
and PonK D A Nicholson. Royal 
Wotvcriiampton S and Trtn: S M 
O'Reilly. SI Paul's Orta S. London 
and Cla: J M Orchard. St Mary's S. 
-Bishop's Stanford and St Edmund's C. 
Ware and Rob: R J Orde-Powiett. 
Perse Girls; 

H Paskin. r 

and FUzw: 

and Pemb: D S Pilling- Mewarth and 
Syoa'S and 'Jes: S T Price. Peier 
Symonas C and Orton: M Quigley. 
Walbotbe HS and OrttTS* 
Ransden. DovtrCaMSU: M J Rees. 
Beaconsfleid HS and Fitzw: S E Ross. 
Westminster S and Oa: m a Sanders. 
Ward Freman 8. Bunttitgford and 
Trim G Schwlmmer. Bedford S and 
Pet M S Seaton. Tonbridge 8 and 
corp: T H Sef lon-Green. Camden S. 
London and Selw: J M SeHen. 
Farnborough mu convent C and Joh: 
C A SevUie. Royal Acad of Music. 
London and Newn. SEC Shirley. 
South Witts GS and Jex ft A SUbart. 
Eaton S. Norurich and Bowthorpe S 
and New H: T W Simpson. -King 
Edward VTKS. Stafford and K-'bigV E 
K Smilh. Oteaffle HUUne S and Selw: 
R H Smith. Haberdashers’ Ashe’s S. 
Elstree and Fftzwv O Snaner. N^dog- 
ham HS and Cath: C R Snook, 
Droitwicti HS and New H: T J V 
Sokoioff. Bodmin Comp S and Lucy C 
K L Soulbte. Taunton S and DowiuP 
S Taywr. Badminton S and Bristol GS 
and Newn: C J Thomson, St Paul's 
Girts S. London and Jes: R CG Verity. 

White. Steynlno GBaud Qu: • R C 
Willey. Bc«oti Spa Comp S and Rob: 
S I Wines. Gravesend GS and Down: 
R K Wbodfleld. wyggeston and Queen 
Elizabeth 1 C. Leicester and Selw: T P 
Wright. Gresham's S and Cal. 

AWntroOk Comp aidMH 
and Now Hide Laver. Ashford 

and each: J K Langley. TonbridgeS 

and Newn: MSlamns. La SageaeH& 
Liverpool and Carton: R J Macdonald. 
Oeveden Sec S. Glasgow and Carton: 
M G MarttxL Perae S. Cambridge ami 
-Pet V M B Mdofte. Si. Mary’s 
Convent Ascot and Westminster Tut 
and Newn; s J Merritt. Kings n Ely 
and Emma:' R T Morgan. StOHyhurst 
C and Pembe T N Hhknh. Exeter S 
and CaL B E Neale. Malvern c and 
Emma: R A Newman. KUchln S and 
Selw: D A Osborn. Weds Cathedral S 
Mftjll: M M OtiewetL Unlv of 
TUSA and Pemb: S F T PigotL 

“a&L IQnp sfRochester and M^d: J 

and FUzw; j a J RumboB. St Mary? 
Convent Sl Ascot amt omimM 
London and Os TWJj 
Winchester House. ■■■■ 

Upnmgham S and Rotx 
LUBehampton S and Jes: 

MBHaart HS. Liverpool and 

G Speed. Long Road SFC. Cambridge 
and fang's. N a Strtnbergu CahimMa 
Unlv. USA and Hughes H: C l J 
Sweecman. Harrogate GS and New H: 

Ipswich Girts S and Robc-A w M 
WtuwelL Westminster S andrtbw: M 
R White. High Wycombe RGS and 
CaL. A J Winn. Harvard Uidv. USA 
and Ginon; K 1 Wood. Chinatord Sen 
HS. London and Newn: A M Yotsw. 
MlkkmhnH Upper S and KlnglL 
Class Z M W Cooke. Martborough C 
and Cambridge Seminars and Pemb: p 
H arrap. Ebham C. Loodoo and Cath: 
M jTuarua. AHrtoo Road See S. 

and Magd. 


J a Dee. Bristol GS and Selw. 

Granted an allowance towards 

to have deserved 

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Boats aren’t cheap. 

But, if a real beauty came 
along wouldn’t it be handy 
to have the buying power 
right there and then? A Boat 
Loan lets you borrow up to 
£10,000. So, what’s the point 
in dreaming. This time next 
week you could 
be on the water. 

L ; 

' s 

Odd how the sales seem to start when you can least 
afford them. But that’s the time to find the real bargains. 
A Personal Loan means you can go to the 
sales with the power of cash behind you. So, 
just point to what you want and it’s yours. 



."ir.v -- • t 

High-tech usually comes with a high price. If it’s 
more than you can afford at the moment, 
think about a Personal 
Loan. Pop in and see us 
or just fill in a form. 

That way 
you cad be 
tapping the 
keyboard instead 
of just tapping 
your fingers. 

A -Pem^ai'-Lean from The Bank of Scotland ; 
is firr 'rintrtn-.ysM -want things mner 'mber. tbah Liter. - b 
•. Whatever: $ii pn’n $fta, m dcii't ask u4jy you want if fc ; V 
■jiia apply (all in ai art} branch m^ forfutt writ-r\\ 

tat. deta$£ptim the mupen. specify ing branch if aheady 
<a mtomtr. : dnd.send it to Tbe^vyal Bank, of Sat land ;; : 
FRZEPQSfclmh# BCS8 $tP. (Jiff Stamp requited); ■ •• .V* 

. .rfl ^1T ALL POINTS TO ••• • ^ 

TH3E ’’iOSAL BANK OF ‘ S G OT- LA N P^' - 

* . ■ . ’ ■ N * 



Please sedd me more information about vour - 

ftrsorial I^ns. I am over 18. 

Vam£-. t • 

• m • ^ ■ . \ 

address ■: '. . . 

VWTCnfJi; i V . 

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l The Royal Bank of Scotland ] 

t — _ — __ .'-i J 

Ih fieval Bant gl Scnbsd it flejswiid ortas 39 St Sa Csiitwio* fH? rfB RiBistnU ia ScsilwA Hi. 90312 

the Ordinary BA Degree: 

D P Houston. Kings C S. Wimbledon 
and job: J Z Hurley. Notre Dams Ste 
SL Cobttam and Cbor. 

The following, who is not a 
candidate for honours, has been 
granted an allowance towards 
the Ordinary BA Degree: 

DBF Flanagan. Rantraora GS. tMfint 
and New hT 

The Mrs Claude Bcddington 
Prize is awarded to D R 
Airnhage. Stockport GS and 
Cath. The QuiDer-Couch Prize 
is awarded to S P Jarvis, 
Whitgifi S. Croydon and SkL 

Oxford class lists 

The following Oxford Class 
Lists are announced: 

Nataral Science: Physics . 

Class L JE Abbott. EX- Forent S. 
Snarestorootc; CS Adams. Hertf. 
Oukhs- HHI S. Rochdale: TA Blrfcs. 
BNC. Brecon H& RG Bower. St Anne. 
Truro S. RG Brindley. Kebie. Shrews-* 
bury: MB Ctwdwtric. Mw. (Upon CS: 
DH Cobden. si Calb. Royal CS. High 
Wycombe: A Dartey. Kebie. Arnold S. 
Blackpool: NJ Dow rick. Men. 
Tefgnmouth HS: SMM Evans. Unlv. 
■Barrow in-Fumess SFC: JM Gregory. 
Men. SianborouBh S: SP Hairtak 
Men. Si MaiyTHan. Brigwoiu sm 
H ooker. Ex. Maids one GS: MD J; 

Singapore: AM 
Woidgale . S. 

Men. Tiffin S: IH Jermyn. Wore. 
Tonbridge s: SB Kay. Trin. 
Headtnglon S. Oxford; RM Kendake. 
St p. Si ivo Comp. St Mw FJ Lake. St 
P. Ecdebourne- & Dufflekk HD 
Langford- Qu. Hymers C. Hull: RJ 
Lawrence. St Hugh, educated at 
home: RB Leone, wore. St EdwanTO 
S. Oxford: RG PoaL BMC. Budehaven 
S. BMe: nj PuHford. UnL fc Edward 
VI S. Birmingham: AR RenST 
JCkuS. N Leamington S: CM Slhx . 
Ball. Ashby GS; FJ Smk*L Pemb. 
Whiiefriars S. CheHenharo: AM 
Speakman. BaU. Roundhay S: KH 
Tan. Raffles Jim C- 

Thornton. Unlv. .... 

PockBngipn: PC Tribble. St J. Nottliw- 
ham HS: GH Walker. St J. K 
Edwards. Birm in g ha m. 

CkH ■ CTMMrton IH TJ Adye. Line. 
Dean Oat S. Cheltenham: DG 
Alcock, Waflh. Manchester GS: Mary 
A Bellhouse. Magd. Goaferd Htu S. 
KkMMOT: PA BenUcy. Kebie. Sok- 
ruill SFC. ID Btanchflower. St Ann*. 
St Albans S: ER Boston. Si HIM. 
Cowley HS, st Helena: DE Brown. 
Wadh. Sateatan HS: GJN Brown. BML 
Rainey Endowed S: RL Burrage. St 
Anne. Dulwich C: IA Cmellano. Trtn. 
.BeaeonsfleM KS DP Chaotoer. Qu. 
Barton PeverH SFC: JAG Coombs. 
'Hertf. Royal GS. Worce ster: n_ 
CorfMd. St J. Shrewsbury SFC PJ 
Curry. St Hup. Loreto Convent G& 
AD Diamem. Wore. Harrow WeaM 
SFCS O nmn a im . Jesus. Boswortti C. 
Desford: JD Evans. Si Ed H. Marling 
S. ME FalOon. Pemb. Holy Triidfe 
ConvenL Bromley: AP Fer rarts. 
Magd. Si BenedtcTS S. Earn; DSC 
FUsWe. St J, Bisgar KS: DC Gentle. 
Ch Ch. nffUi STAG Griffiths. Hertf. 
Stand GS: DO HalL St Cath. Munches- 
ler OSi C Hrtller. St Ed H. Hertford 
SFC RJ Hlcken. BNC. Aisager Comp 
S: DF Hogg. St Ed HfSt Brendan’s C. 
Bristol; SEJ Hawd. Ch Ch. WeH- 
raliHter S. EM Hughes. New. Man- 
chesfer GS; SPJ johoson. Wore. 
Huddersfield New Ct DC Jones. 
Wadh. David Hughes S. Menai Bridge: 
MR Kay. Unlv. Cardin KS: SF Keevu. 
Unlv. Roger Manwood S: K C Knight. 
Wore. Torquay Boys GS: PE Land. Ch 
,Oi. WjmxHxinam C: SN Lea. New. Bp 
Walsh RC S. Sutton Coldfield: KC La. 
St Cam. Corsan S- Swtndmi: EM 
Locke. St Hugh. Talbot Heath S: A 

Lynch. Trin. Sales I an c. 

Farnborough: FN Madden. CCC. 
Beckel S: AJL Manning. St HUd. 
westcllff Clria HS: WC Mok. Jesttf, 
Hwa Chong junior C. 

| Broadlands. Keynstiaiq.. TJ Craw. 
KeblB. Chatham Hcww QS - Rma taag: 
Pj Cuddrford. LMH-Ptyn^oriTs: 
MPF du Sauioy. Wadh. K James' C 
Henley: JRBufi- Ex. Q Elizabeth's & 
vvunborne; J Fletcher. Trtn. Mari- 
borough: SJ Faroes. SI J. K Henry 

MILS Hod. aty of London 
[Sr OA Coalman. St Cath. 
■Hrmoum S: TA Qrosumm. st Ed 
IRTT eeds CS: NR Hayes. St Ante*. 
■■■ H Wycombe: SA Hnrwud. St 
— M Judd S. Tonbridge: BP Hliken. 
BaH. Winchester G St 




Lowe. cdSI^BatHake S. Coventry: at 
McNeil. Ex. CMcklade C. Andover: PE 
Madid. Mart. Latymer Upper S: 9 
Metcalf. St P. W Denton KS: PJ 
Moody, st Ed H. Lawnswood S. 
Leeds: AM Rogers, st J. Cowan's s. 
Bristol: LJ Saunders. Pemb. Cricklade 
C, Andover AF Swann. Or. Judd S. 
Tonbridge: afj TMemidce. St Cath. 
Crewe GS: JS Thomas. Qu. Stockport 
GS: ML Trimmer. St Cath. 
Ecclesbourne S. DuflMd: AF Ware. Si 
P. Bassaleg Gxnp S: HI Webb. Unc. P 
Symonds. Winchester: SK WHson.'SI 
P. Greermead SF. Hudderafleki: H 
Wright St HUL Urmston Girts GS: A 
Young. Wadh. BedHngUm HS. 

Ctan fl (Dhr 1): JF Baker. KeMe. 
Trinity S: R Barnes. Wadh. Accring- 
ton & Roesendate SF C CJM Booth. 
MerL Howard S: DJ Brazier. St J. 
Enfield GS: 9C Brtnd. LMH. Sir J 
Yvutuumon's MatbemaUaB S. Roch- 
ester: FJ BroadbenL Ch Qi. Q 
Elizabeth's GS. BtacKburo: AC Camp- 
h«L Qo. RGS. HWKwnbc MP 
OnaMck. St P. K Hairy vm s. 
Coventry: C-LOiaL Wadh. Nat Jun C. 
Singapore: R Chambers. Wore. Derby 
HS?GJ Chlvers. Mansf . Norton Hill & 
SAM CorronUL BNC. Manrijester GS: 
DM Crawford. Jesus. Yale X1U> Form 
C: ja Cundy. Hertf. Solihull SPC: 
WM Davies. New. Monmouth S: MP 
dTnvemo. St Cath. R Thunton C. 
Southampton: TH Dodd. Pemb. QEH. 
Bristol: kj Edmunds. Pemb. . Casde S. 

Thorobury: MP EUls. BNC. __ 
rs GL Farmer. 

.. - ar C. Singapore: SO 

Myles. St Ed H. Judd s. Tonbridge: 
ESL Nolan. Pemb. Farnborough Hill: 
RD Page. Wore. HdrtUn S: HC 
Parnen. Som. Sutton HS: 8 PateL 
New. Finchley Manor Hta & MJ 
Pstifeon. Men. Lilian SFC: CA 
Pearson. St P. Shrewsbury S: JR 
Plesllng. KeMe. Trinity. Croydon: CP 
Ron ting- Wadh. CoUmm GS: CJ 
Raspln. Or. Ralnford HS: S 

LMH. SI Ed ward’s. Oxford; 

Sent ole. CCC- WlnriMroer C: JDC 
Seymour. Mnt Dulwich C: OG Sim. 
Or. Raffles junior C: RJ Simpson. 
Wadh. J Hunt S. Pe [/-Thorough: PA 
Snow. Ch Ch. Burnley Haber^uun 
HS: RC Tavior. SI Hugh. Maidstone 
Girts OS: JC Terry. Kebie. Barton 
PeverU S^C: PW Ton. Jesus. Dean 
Ook S. Chtfrenham: AS Tomllasm. 
SI Cath. DUuUnflion Comp: TJ 
wenaron. Or. St Lawrence C. Rams- 
ite-. MG Weuter. st J. Henry Meoles 
AE ward. Som. Wellingborough S: 
PF Whiting. Line. St Aldan's. Sunder- 
land: C Wuuams. Hertf. Airdrie 
Academy: CJC Wilson. Magd. Goffs S. 
Ghcshunl: SG Wooihouse. Kebie. 
Bradflctd Comp. SheRMd: WGH Yap. 
Pemb. Catholic Jun C: T Yaooob. 
LMH. Stanley Teen hs. Croydon. 
Ctan n (Dhuiaa 2): PE Attwood. 
Hertf. Worcester C lor the Blind: MC 
Berners-Lee , BNC, Emanuel S; DR 

Berrtdge. SI J. J Oevefand C. 
Hinckley: AJ Booth. Wadh. Newenl S: 

DA Carnegte. St P. RCS: Newcastle: L 
codlanzo. St Hugh, j Lea Comp S. 
WpiUngoorpugh; SJ Damian. Ex, 
Cricklade C: m Davis. Unlv. Leeds CS: 
WN Dawbcr. Ch Ch. Priory S. Lewes: 
SJ Dawes. Or. K James's C. Henley: 

DJ Debronner. LMH. Dr ChJUoner'3 

CS: CjfiL SI Cam. 6 Ebza&etn's 
Girls & B arnet: PC Ewing BNC. 
Luton SFC: CA FtasUnons. Kebie. 
Card Wlsenun Otrta S: A Hanwri. 
LMH. Old Palace S. CTOvdon: DJ 
HawkM. Trtn. Solihull SFC: RDO 
Haythorne. Pemb. K Edward's S. 
Bath: DA Jackson. St Cath. Trinity S. 

OoyMKRD Johnson, BNC. Sod bull 

SFCi S Jovnsoo. Ban. Watford CS: SJ 
Marsh. Som. Parkstone CS: CL 
Martin. Som. RM MMdS S. Bristol: 

njonds C. Winchester; . . . 

Atari. Cofehm's arts' S. Bristol: RL 
Feamerstooe. LMH. Dayncourt Comp 
S: RC Flelcher. Ball. K Edward VI 
Upper & SBCadd. Magd. Forest S. 
Winnersh: SD Hawkliu. St Hugh. 
BramhaD HS: DJ HHI. Mnt Lancaster 
RGS: JM Hornby. New. Solihull SFC: 
CA Howells- St Arme. Barton Peverfi 
SFC: ACR James. Qu. K Edward's S. 
Birmingham; HM Jones. St Ctdh. Dr 
ChaOonerl OS. Ameraham: SM 
Jones. Ch Ch- Hay bridge HS. H^nr. 
AR King. wadh. P SynxxxS c. 
winchcsiert MG Law. Men. Daman it: 
All Ltdcne. Ex. Falmouth S; TR 
MaOtln. Hertf. Caiudon cosne: vl 
M arshall. Kebie. Nonhfleet GS: JS 
Messore. Or. Kettering Bovs S: N 
Middleton. Hertf. High Pavement 
SPC. Nottin gham : AD MUeheiL Jesus. 
Long Road SFC: SA Milchtfl. Men. 
Exmouth S: NO Mobtae. wore, Ket- 
tering Boys S: RJ Moody. Line. Dr 
Chailoner's CS. Amersham: F 
Mortfner. Mart. Alleyn's S: AD 
Nfwton. Wore. Tiffin S: RD Olswang. 
Ch Ch. RGS. Newcastle upon TVne; 
AMJ Parker. Wore. Rugby pn 
P anam. Mansf. BramhaU HS: AJ 

Pugh: lmh. Mancnesttfa^ Hs: h 
»» ce. St HUd. WBiuntpon Girts ,& 
MA Roach. Wadh. Torquay Boys CS: 
DA RoUiwelL New. Bramsgrove S'. P* 
Salmon.. Pemb. Ellhant ' — 

S- JA steers. Som. Bournemouth Girts 
& RN Taylor, or. Judd S. Tonbridge: 
fU TVrer. Unc. Dulwich: M 
Wynnvcky. Qu. Goffs s: DM Webb. 
Ex. Woking SFC: SJ WeOiam. BNC. 
Luton SFC: 1C Weston. Magd. K 
Edward's S: Birmingham: PWJ 
WriflhL hnc. Newport PCS. 

Brewer. CCC Watford Boys CS. RD 
Brodle. Hertf. K Edward vi s. 
Morpeth: RJ Brooks. Unlv. ChwDr 
Hulme S: RL Brown. Sora. QMary's 
HS: raj Came. Som. st PauTs Cirri 
S: mp Cawood. Unlv. Arnold S. 
Blackp ool; RWS Qun. LMH. no 
flfFWK -P Chapman. Ex. N 
Chamber lalne Comp S: GM Clarke. 
Som. Bbftcnnead HS: LM Chtbe. Ch 
Ch. Roman S: R Cratdand. St cath. 
^ni MM Com p S : AT Dean. GCC. K 
George V SFC. Southport: AJ 
FArnsworth. Jesus. LUtnishen HS. 
^rttff: NatHjh', Unlv. Hookeroair 

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OS: IT Crzyo 

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jom voos 

So what is 
the gome in 


A boycott by two African countries and more 
may follow. Or will they? Alan Franks found 
Edinburgh’s Commonw ealth Gamesmen in 
an oddly unruffled state with 1 3 days to go 

This morning at the 1986 Com- 
monwealth Games headquarters in 
Edinburgh's Canning Street, the 
■countdown calendar on the wall 
reads **13 days to go". This also 
happens to be the thirteenth con- 
vention in the mainly harmonious 
life of the Games, and the number 
■is living up to its reputation for ill 

Once dubbed the "friendly 
games", they have now become 
engulfed in the wider confronta- 
tions over South African sanctions, 
and are in danger of losing whatev- 
er might have been left of their 
political innocence. 

Yet, extraordinarily, the report- 
ed boycott of the games by two 
African naiionsis not being taken 
entirely seriously in Edinburgh at 
the moment. Nigeria's and 
Ghana's respective team entries of 
79 and 33 still stand in the 
computer system at the Games 
village, and the accommodation 
for the athletes and officials has not 
been reallocated. 

The reason is that the sports 
councils of the two countries had 
not. as of yesterday, made any 
official declaration of withdrawal 
to their opposite numbers in 
Edinburgh. So the organising com- 
mittee is proceeding on the as- 
sumption that Ghana and Nigeria 
will be coming to Scotland. Indeed, 
the committee chairman, Ken 
Borthwick. a former Lord Provost 
of Edinburgh, seemed to find hope 
in the news that some Nigerian 
athletes have already arrived in 
England (four of the team are in 
London, preparing for tomorrow's 
Crystal Palace meeting). 

Even as the Foreign Secretary, 
Sir Geoffrey Howe, was meeting 
Robert Mugabe yesterday in Zim- 
babwe. a country widely believed 
to be the next potential “refusenik'’ 
competitor, the Games organizers 

were putting a remarkably bullish 
gloss on the present crisis. 

Bryan CowgilL deputy executive 
chairman of the games committee 
— and former head of BBC 
Television sport — emphasizes that 
even if diplomatic attempts at 
rapprochement fail, the Games will 
still boast more than 3.000 compet- 
itors. which would be 1,000 more 
than in Brisbane four years ago. 

Including Nigeria and Ghana, 58 
Commonwealth countries are 
scheduled to take part, England 
being the most numerous, with 299 
athletes, and only five member 
countries (St Helena, the Solomon 
Islands, the Turks and Caicos 
Islands. Tuvalou and Tonga) will 
be unrepresented. 

Yesterday morning, Borthwick 
was busy dashing off letters to his 
three main channels of alliance — 
the Commonwealth Games Feder- 
ation, the Commonwealth Games 
Council for Scotland and the 
Secretary of State for Scotland - in 
the hope that they will be able to in- 
tervene in the boycott derate. 

THERE are three great ironies here 
for the host city. First, Borthwick 
and his colleagues made precisely 
the same approaches in order to 
object to the recent tours of South 
Africa by the All Blacks and British 
Rugby Union parties. 

Second. Scotland in general, and 
Edinburgh in particular, regard 
themselves as highly reciprocal 
parts of the Commonwealth, hav- 
ing educated many visiting African 
students in theology and the law. 

• Third. Borthwick himself was 
among Commonwealth delegates 
at a meeting in February in Nairobi 
to discuss plans for the Games — an 
occasion which he left with "a 
tremendous sense of happy antici- 
pation by all the other 

Trail blazer: Gaines committee chairman Ken Borthwick — recently out of Africa, currently full of hope 

countries ... no hint whatsoever 
of boycotting, or anything like 

While in Africa, he toured 
Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe and 
Kenya, speaking to government 
ministers. He considered it, show- 
ing evident restraint, to be "odd" 
that Scotland should now be 
suffering from a political problem 
which emanates from Westmin- 
ster. The atmosphere in Edinburgh 
at present has shades of that in 
Mexico City during the run-up to 
the World Cup — major interna- 
tional venues with experience of 
organizing a competition in 1970, 
and now attempting, against the 
run of economic play, to repeat 
those successes. 

Just like the ground at Monter- 
rey before England started their 
World Cup matches, Meadowbank 
Stadium looks like the aftermath of 
Culloden. There is turmoil from 
the foyer to the field with staff 
working around the dock to make 
the premises ready for sporting 
guests bent on high achievement 
Just across the road there is the 
incongruous spectacle of an army 
team setling up a Bailey Bridge to 
take pedestrians safely over the 
roaring traffic. 

Edinburgh, like Mexico City, has 

its eye to the economic main 
chance as a result of the Games. 
Half a million visitors are expect- 
ed, and the Scottish Tourist Board 
is predicting an input of £55 
million as a result A few days ago a 
£200,000 press centre was complet- 
ed, which, after the Games, will 
turn into a sports complex with an 
estimated lifespan of 20 years. 

When the Games planning start- 
ed more iHiin four years ago, there 
were 37 committees involved, 
comprising 400 people. Today, if 
you include voluntary labour, there 
are 23,000 individuals, ranging 
from the programme sellers and car 
park attendants to the senior 
executives. The Games committee 
reckons that it has raised some£10 
million to fond the occasion, most 
of it coming from advertising and 

While the world wrangles over 
the rights and wrongs of competing 
in Edinburgh, the city itself has had 
its own political difficulties. Last 
year the endemically conservative 
establishment found itself in such 
conflict with the new left-wing 
council that Borthwick was report- 
ed to have said he would be glad to 
see the games go to Glasgow. A 
heresy if ever there was one. 

Back at the Games' administra- 

tive centre in Canning Street, 
Bryan Cowgill seems like a rather 
weary elder statesman of sports 
administration. "Nothing would 
surprise me'*, he says. “Not any 
more; not after what I have seen in 
the past 15 years. Sport is at the 
centre stage of one of life’s great 

“It would be very sad, very 
disappointing if Nigeria and Ghana 
do finally pull ouL Yes, of course 
we fear that if this happens, other 
African countries might follow. But 
I would point out, again, that even 
if that does happen, there will still 
be a huge presence here. The sad 
thing is that this event was con- 
ceived as a completely non-politi- 
cal thing." 

Meanwhile, die press officer 
freshly installed at Canning Street, 
a ginger-haired giant called Ken 
Laird, is on the telephone to Robert 
Maxwell - or “RM" - awaiting a 
statement on the latest state of 

LAIRD says: "The thing is that it 
all seems to develop as the day 
progresses. At the moment he says 
that he will say something on 
Friday, but I suppose there could 
be something before that I really 
don't know." 

6 Nothing would 
surprise me 
after what I’ve 
seen in the past 
15 years. Sport 
is at the centre 
stage of one of 
life’s great 
theatres 9 


In yesterday’s edition of the 
Glasgow Daily Record, Maxwell, 
chairman of the Commonwealth 
Games Company, wrote a front 
page article headlined "Why The 
Games Will Survive". No purpose 
would be served by the boycott, he 
argued It would be a protest 
against Mrs Thatcher’s rebuttal of 
sanctions on South Africa. "But 
these are- not Mrs Thatcher’s 
games. They are the games of more 
than 40 nations, bound' together 
only by history and friendship." 

- It* is Borthwick who has borne 
the brunt of criticism over , the 
administration of the games. One 
of the most strident charges has 
been that he sold exclusive televi- 
sion rights to the BBC for less than 
£500,000, whereas the coverage 
could have been expected to raise 
six times that figure. Another is 
that he severely undersold the 
advertising space around the main 
arena of Meadowbank. _ 

Last year, Alex Wood, 
Edinburgh’s Labour council leader; 
said that the authority would be 
prepared to underwrite a loss on 
the Games of up to £250,000. Both 
he and Borthwick. and for that 
matter Maxwell, are hoping that it 
will not come to that, even though 
they are approaching the matter 
from entirely different positions. 


Rooms via a view are a jftSe 
easier to find in Florence this 
year.Tbe narrow streets and 
.gr&nS piazzas stfifecho to the 
tramp Of tourists’ feet but die 
accents are mainly 6ennau, 
Japanese or vary English. 

The temporary less of the 
American tourist trade fcpar- 
tiadariy irksome: to Fiuen- 
. tines because 1 996 bad been 
designated as their “Year of 
Curare". But ahhonghthe 
core of this Tuscan metrspiis 
is .untouchable because almost 
:every budding is an artistic 
treasure. Its inhablbuiti are 
determined that the dty wBl 
not lack modern amenities. 

. ; Over the next 15 years, a 
futuristic annexe is planned in 
die suburbs- of Costeflo and 
Sesto, a £645 million scheme 
which will include exhibition 
and conference halls, three 
hotels and fowringfor more 
than 25,000 people. 

One of the prime supp or te r s 
of the scheme isr La Fomtiaria, 
one of- the top three Italian 
insurance compuifes. As one 
ofthe dty’s largest landown- 
ers— sizeable slices of Piazza 
JRepbblka and many other 
historic bftiMings come under 
ks.domaia — it is reqirinsd.hy 
law to invest jnit ofthemoney 
accrued from rent in new 

- The rents are also restricted 
by la* and the ancient build- 
ings are cosdy to. maintain, so 
La Feudlaria (dans to sell off 
many of them to finance 
development — . a move which 
will help the company politi- 
cally as *eU as financially. 

Signori MUhde VwMni, 
the communist vice-mayor of 
Florence;. is equally keen on 
the pniiedL“Evexytlwg : of 
worth that has been bnilt here 
is very old", he says. “Now we 
have a chance to bufld some- 
thing new that die dty desper- 
ately needs, and we most make 
certain it is of the highest 
quality so that It wifi be a 
worthy representation of our 

Biot the conservationists are 
being heeded as weU. Already 
£5^ million has been set aside 
for planting frees on the new 
site so that any new scars will 
be camouflaged, at least in 

Richard Evans 


£12,000 to be won 

Tlie Oractor as star Alien with Mia Farrow Tn a scans from Hannah And HorSetars 

The screening of 
Woody Allen 

Film director, film writer, film actor, film 
publicist . . .Woody Allen is perhaps the most complete 
of film people. And, for a generation, he has been 
regarded as the wittiest and most inventive. With his 
latest film opening in London soon, he spoke about life 
and death, real and celluloid. 

the Proms 
Lorin Maazel on 
a double first 

Spies abroad 
in China 

Looking back on 
imperial rivalry 

Paul Vallely joins Monsignor Bruce Kent, who leaves Keswick today on the tenth leg of his walk for peace 

Can you always get your copy of The Times? 

Dear Newsagent, please ddiver/save me acopy ofThe Times 




1 Strong point 16) 

5 Nepalese soldier (6) 

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19 Oedipus' daughter 
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25 Willow work (6) 

26 Time (31 

27 Tithe- taking clergy- 
man ft>) 

28 Milfoil 


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17 Non-toll motorway 

18 Official (7) 

20 Gumsy (S| 

21 Siarcr(5) 

23 Apostles’ creed 15) 


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DOWN: . i Egoist 2 Bisect 3 Bermudas 4 Scarce 5 Punt 6 Attain 
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ers 20 Palate IlAubadc 23 Duct 

With a look of benign resigna- 
tion, Monsigror Bruce Kent 
stood on the stage of Mother- 
well Civic Centre and looked 
down upon his audience. To 
the left a septuagenarian 
Clydeside communist was 
waving his walking slick and 
shouting "Step outside!" His 
intended victim, a balding 
moustachioed man in a denim 
jacket, was declaiming "I'm a 
Catholic and a Conservative 
and I’m proud of iL What 
about the persecution of 
Christians in Russia?" 

To the front an earnest 
young man from an enigmatic 
organization called the Coali- 
tion for Peace through Securi- 
ty was holding forth to a 
Motherwell housewife in loud, 
rather pompous tones about 
Utilitarianism, John Stuart 
Mill and nuclear deterrence. 
"Don’t patronize me", said 
the woman, who turned out to 
be a graduate in political 
philosophy with her own 
shrewd suspicions of who 
might be financing the myste- 
rious coalition. 

To the right a protestor of 
Russian extraction, making 
comments on the issue of 
Solidarity in Poland, was be- 
ing told by the city's provost 
to ask a question or sit down. 
Enthusiastic supporters of the 
Campaign for Nuclear Disar- 
mament advanced as if to 
eject the man, who was now 
announcing that he was a 
deacon in the Russian Ortho- 
dox Church. 

From the back a woman's 
voice cut plaintively through 
the chaos. "I thought this was 
supposed to be a peace 
meeting", she lamented. 

Bruce Kent has long since 
come to realize that the sub- 
ject of peace is capable of 
raising the most belligerent 
acrimony. It was the third day 
of his 500-mile sponsored 
walk from the Polaris subma- 
rine base at Faslane to the 
Royal Ordnance factory at 
Burgh field in Berkshire. He is 
following one of the routes 
which nuclear warheads regu- 
lar^- lake from the base to the 
factory for servicing and up- 
dating. It appeared that con- 
troversy was to be his walking 
companion all the way. 

The next morning it was 
there with him by 9:15. He 
had risen early, and after a 
short prayer meeting present- 
ed himself at the previous 
day's finishing point on the 
southern outskirts of the little 
Lanarkshire town of Larkhall. 

His clerical grey and dog 
collar were packed away in his 
massive leather suitcase on 
board the mini-van which 
served as support vehicle. In 
their stead he wore light green 
Rohan bags, solid training 
shoes and a sweat shirt pro- 
claiming his aspiration of a 
nuclear-free world and an- 
nouncing that his fund raising 

Walking the warhead road 

on the walk was for War on 
Want as well as CND. 

"We ought to make the 
point that there is no genuine 
problem of poverty or 
malnutrition", he said. “The 
world has the resources to 
eradicate them but we choose 
to waste the money on arms. 
We asked War on Want to 
choose two projects which 
highlighted the problem. One 
is in Eritrea, where people 
suffer because of Soviet guns. 
The other is in Nicaragua, 
where they suffer because of 
American military aid." That 
said, he set out on the stretch 
from Larkhall southwards to- 
wards the English border. 

J ust past the first round- 
about. two bedraggled 
figures emerged from a 
hedge. It was the dea- 
con and the earnest 
young man from the night 
before, now wearing T-shirts 
which ambiguously exhorted 
us to "Remember Hungary". 
All that day they were to 
march a few hundred yards 
ahead of Bruce Kent’s party. 
They carried a placard which 
read: "CND marching to 

The Monsignor was not too 
perturbed Most of the passing 
traffic seemed merely to re- 
gard them as the official 
vanguard preparing the way 
and making straight the path. 
Cars tooted an amiable greet- 
ing to both sets of protesters. 

The degree of support from 
car horns, passing waves from 
lony drivers and vocal greet- 
ings from fellow pedestrians 
suipnsed me. but Kent 
seemed to take it for granted. 
His walking togs revealed a 
generous stomach which the 
clerical garb had concealed the 
night before, but he looked fit 
and healthy and impressively 
tanned .from the previous days 
of Scottish sunshine. 

He set a furious pace. Out in 
front the deacon and the 
earnest young man seemed to 
have trouble keeping ahead 
The deacon was walking bad- 
ly. limping and slicking to the 
main route, while his compan- 
ion limped energetically to 
and fro, dishing out anti-CND 
leaflets from a plastic carrier 
bag. Kent who had acolytes 
from local CND groups along 
the route to give out his 
leaflets, suffered neither 
handicap and had a mischie- 
vous twinkle in his eye. The 
more the other two glanced 
anxiously behind them, the 
more vigorously he pushed 

“You have to admire them, 
in a way", he said. One of 
Bruce Kent's most engaging 

• ’ • ■ '‘•V - 1 ; V ^ S> 

The long march: snperwallcer Brace Kent sets a furious pace 

characteristics is that though 
he is one of the leading 
proponents in Britain of what 
is now known as single-issue 
politics, be does not suffer 
from commensurate tunnel 
vision. There were 15 miles to 
do that day and he was happy 
to range over as many topics 
of conversation and more. 

There were, of course, his 
basic theses on nuclear disar- 
mament. On a strategic level, 
that Britain does not need an 
independent nuclear weapon 
system. On a technical level 
that the increasing sophistica- 
tion of missiles constantly 
shortens the time for correct- 
ing mistakes. On a tactical 
level, that the more accurate 
weapons become, the more 
destabilizing is their effect 
because they require more 
missiles from the other side. 
On a moral level, that a 
deterrent which depends upon 
the willingness to retaliate 
with weapons of mass murder 
is unjustifiable in any sense. 

One of his particular con- 
cerns is of the relationship 
between the arms race and 
world poverty. He is fond of 
equations which reveal how 
many millions of Africans 
could be provided with dean 
water for the price of a single 
Tornado jet. "It is quite 
wicked", he says, with a 

revealing sense of simple mor- 
al absolutism. 

It is the classic moralism of 
orthodox Catholicism. Kent 
cannot see why a church that 
holds views of such certainty 
and clarity on issues like 
abortion is not just as un- 
equivocal about the sin inher- 
ent in the ownership of 
weapons capable of destroying 
the world. Indeed, he feels as 
strongly about the perils of 
peaceful nuclear power. That 
too. he sees as some kind of 
perversion of the natural 

W hen Monsignor 
Kent moves 
away from 
CND issues, 
however, he is 
revealed as a man of moderate 
instincts, as befits a priest who 
in other drcumslances might 
well by now be a bishop. He 
speaks with unease about the 
speed with which the Latin 
mass was abolished; although 
he welcomed it himself, he 
recognized the heartache it 
caused to many older Roman 
Catholics. He has common- 
sense attitudes to the growing 
role of women in the Church. 
He has an Englishman's dis- 
taste for the Machiavellian 
intrigue surrounding the 
Vatican's finances. 

He also has an admirable 
humility about his own spiri- 
tual development “I was very 
much a Saul in those days, my 
main aim was to make more 
Catholics", he said of his early 
years as a priest before in- 
volvement with the peace 
movement widened his ecu- 
menism and openness to other 

The son of a Canadian 
businessman. Kent was edu- 
cated by Jesuits at Slonyhurst 
the Roman Catholic public 
school, and was commis- 
sioned as an officer in the 6th 
Royal Tank Regiment where 
he first got an inkling of bis 
vocation. His non-Catholic 
father was none too pleased by 
the idea, so the young Kent, 
went to Brasenose College, 
Oxford, where, to buy time, he 
read law and spent “three 
lotus-eating years" before 
joining St Edmunds Seminary 
at Ware to study for the 
priesthood. As a young priest 
he was secretary to Cardinal 
Heenan and chairman of the 
Westminster Diocesan 
Schools Commission and. 
church observers ay, dearly 
marked out fora bishopric. 

“One knows that if you 
come out of the right sort of 
stable, that if you want promo- 
tion and a career, it’s all there 
■before you. It was certainly 
open to me. If I'd kept my 
mouth shut and behaved my- 
self all would have bean wefl. 
But I couldn't have done that 
and I'm very glad 1 didn’t. 
Being a bishop is not the only 
thing in this world." 

Bruce Kent took that deci- 
sion deliberately when in the 
happiest years of his career — 
as chaplain to London Uni- 
versity — his horizons were 
widened by the students and 
clerics he met. many of them 
from the Third World. Partic- 
ularly influential was the 
Archbishop of Bombay, 
Thomas Roberts, who was 
courageous on issues of 
nuclear deterrence and birth 
control in the 1960s. ' 

Kent's conscious politiciza- 
tion was bom because of the 
attitude of the British Govern- 
ment in supporting Federal 
Nigeria in the civil war during 
which a million Biafhros died 
of starvation. He flew Out 
there on an aid mission. 

"Thai had a very sharpen- 
ing effect, i realized it was not 
enough just to go on talking 
morality. You've actually got 
to look at the levers of power 
and who's pulling them and 
then get hold of them. The 
church has to pull them inihe 
direction of justice.” 

Such derisions did not ac- 

cord with traditional views on 
the role of a Catholic priest. 
Although attitudes to that 
have changed considerably 
since the Second Vatican 
Council there were still a 
number of prominent right- 
wing Catholics who put pres- 
sure on Cardinal Basil Hume 
over Kent's activity as general 
secretary of CND. Bruce Kent 
resigned his position as a paid 
employee of the secular orga- 
nization last year. It was, he 
insists, his own decision. He is 
now an elected vice-chairman 
of CND. The distinction has 
not silenced the critics but, 
according to one fellow priest 
it has given Cardinal Hume 
much firmer ground on which 
to defend the turbulent priest 

T owards the end of 
the morning's walk, 
he Kent came across 
a crumpled leaflet 
discarded by an un- 
impressed passer-by. It was 
one of those the deacon had 
been distributing, Bruce Kent 
read it with interest He had 
walked so well (hill-walking 
and friends, according to 
Who’s Who. are his 
recreations) that he entered 
the village of Lenmabago an 
hour ahead of schedule. He 
wandered into the little 12th 
century churchyard and sat 
down on a bench tomb. There 
he considered the leaflet and-, 
expressed astonishment at the 
vitriol his nuclear dissent 
generated in some quarters. 

"Some of those who oppose 
us are just paid propagandists. 
Others have vested interests. 
But many are people of good 
conscience, i think that in 
Britain there is a fear of *lhe 
other' and that it is felt that we 
are making it more likely that 
“the other* is going to domi- 
nate our lands and our people. 
So we are seen as*, kind of 
Trojan horse for an enemy 
and therefore much resented. 
What we may say on particu- 
lar weapons systems may be 
right, but they think that as a 
group we are about the busi- 
ness of collapsing western 
defence systems as we know 

“I always quote, from Ein- 
stein. who said: ‘With the 
splitting of the atom every- 
thing has changed except our 
modes of thinking, and thus 
we drift towards unparalleled 

That was what CND still 
needed to convey to those 
people of good corrscience/He 
sat on the tomb and pondered. 
The Scottish morning air was 
soft and the sunshine gentler 
Into the .churchyard ran a 
small boy. 

■‘Hey. mister." hesauf to 
the priest m walker’s clothing, 
“are you tbe_grave digger?" 

"No.Tm just *minginihe 
graveyard", the dfcric replied 

with a smile; . : - -/ * 


r L : 
* Lii >3; 







The sword at America’s bedside 




, Murder on the Staten 
Jsland terry. Two dead 
Just another American 
nightmare? Not really, 
Marjorie Wallace, 
'author of The Times 
' award-winning series 
on schizophrenia, 
reveals how potential 

killers are being sent 

out onto the streets 
and into harm’s way 

The ferry from 
Manhattan to 
Staten Island was 
passing the newly 
refurbished Stat- 
ue of Liberty last 
Monday when 
panic broke out 
among the 500 
passengers. Juan 
Gonzalez, a 43- 
. year-old Cuban 

' immigrant, was rushing round the 
decks brandishing a 24-inch pearl- 
bandied sword. Within moments 
he killed a man and a woman and 
wounded nine other people. 

He is one of the 7.500 homeless. 

■ people, many of them mentally ilL 

■ who spend their nights in New 
York shelters. An even larger 
number, frightened by the desper- 

’ ate conditions, prefer to sleep 
. ■ rough in the port. authority bus 
station oh 42nd Street. 

Gonzalez chose as his bedroom 
the Fort Washington shelter, an 
enormous drill hall in Harlem. 

’ which he shared with 900 other 
' down-and-outs. The hundreds of 
~ iron cots are arranged in neat rows, 
like a first-aid post after some great 
disaster. The dim lights are on all 
’ night There is the continual noise 
';of human torment — screams, 

, moans and shouting to imaginary 
" ‘ voices. Around the edge of this 
‘ great raft of beds, red-uniformed 
. attendants stand ready to sort out 
' the arguments and fights which 
' break out occasionally. 

The Thursday before the boat 
killings. Gonzalez had been the 

• centre of a disturbance. Attendants 
" called the police when he started 

• screaming: “I’m going to kill. God 

• told me to". The Presbyterian 
'• Hospital held him for 48 hours. 

Where death lies dormant the cavernous Fort Washington shelter, from which Juan Gonzalez (inset) set out on a ferry ride to catastrophe. How many more like him? 

recognized his symptoms as para- 
noid schizophrenia, and dis- 
charged him back on the street on 
Saturday night, suggesting he 
should seek out-patient treatment 
at Harlem Hospital. In New York, 
as in Britain, hospital policy is to 
discharge mentally-ill patients as 
quickly as possible: “It was a 
terrible mistake", admitted a psy- 
chiatrist at the Presbyterian 

On Monday, instead of visiting 
Harlem Hospital, Gonzalez, who. 
like many others, was probably too 
ill to realize he needed treatment, 
took out his sword and bought a 
ticket to Staten Island. He is now in 
King's County hospital. New York, 
undergoing a 30-day “evaluation". 

The case is typical of thousands, 
except that very few schizophrenia 
sufferers are violent, merely sad. In 
the United Stares, as in Briiain, 
pressure from well-meaning civil 
liberties campaigners has brought 
about the run-down or closure of 
mental hospitals before means of 
looking after the patients in the 
community have been provided. 
Some years ago there were 550.000 
beds in American mental hospitals 
to cater for two million schizophre- 
nia sufferers. Now there are only 

Sick people are being abandoned 
on the streets. Their presence — 
hundreds of thousands of them, 
hungry, dirty, deluded — haunts 
New York and the other big 
American cities. 

The scandal is so great that the 
mothers of this human flotsam are 
no longer willing to see their sons 
and daughters made victims of 
neglect. Their only choice is to keep 
their severely ill grown-up son or 
daughter at home, receiving no 

help, or to lie awake at night 
thinking of their child sleeping in a 
mass night shelter or worse. They 
have now become so desperate that 
they are forming groups for politi- 
cal action. The National Alliance 
for the Mentally 111 has increased 
the membership of its 500 affiliates 
by S3 per cent in the past year. 

“The families are angry and 
unwilling to remain passive”, says 
Dr Fuller Torrey. a specialist in the 
management of schizophrenia. 
“They are going to lobby, protest 

and fight for help for those whose 
minds have been damaged." 

One of the first of these protests 
took place a few weeks ago at the 
World Trade Centre in Manhattan. 
A group of 100 people, mostly 
women and dwarfed between the 
complex’s twin towers, waved 
crude home-made banners and 
placards, and collected signatures 
for a letter of protest to Governor 
Cuomo of New York State. 

“We made history", said their 
organizer. Isabelle Blau. “This is 

. TIW 

A fS oh 

STATS Vp*#**- 




From the heart: protesting parents Isabelle BLan, left, and Rose Lange 

the first time there has been a ’ 
protest in New York on behalf of 
the mentally ill.” She is a brave 
woman, divorced and working as a 
shop-assistant in Gimbals, a de- 
partment store in Manhattan. 

Her large, sad eyes betray the 
years of anguish as she watched 
first one. then a second son 
destroyed by schizophrenia. The 
elder boy. now 38. went to Israel 
hoping that work on a kibbutz 
would cure him. He has been in 
mental hospitals for years and his 
mother spends her three-week 
holiday each year visiting him. Her 
second son. ill for nine years, is 
closer at hand. He spent years in 
hospital, then discharged himself 
“The hospitals never look for them 
if they run away", says Isabelle. 

Frustrated by her experiences, 
she decided on ' stronger action. 
“The parents are too polite”, she 
says. Typing on her old portable, 
she sent letters to other parents. 

Soon there was a core of would- 
be militants. Two of her aides are 
Rita Kwiecinski and Rose Lange, 
ordinary, working-class women 
prepared to fight hand for their 
menially-ill children. They seem 
hardly the stuff of which great 
revolutions are made, but they are 
determined. “Governor Cuomo 
will hear more from us", they say. 

So will many other politicians, 
for another centre of direct action 
over schizophrenia is on Capitol 
Hill itself. The wives of six 
Congressmen, some of them moth-- 
ers of schizophrenics, have joined 
together to lobby for a better deal 
for the mentally ill. “Every time 
you look at a tramp or bum. you 
think that this guy had a mother" 
says Norma Lagqmarsino whose 
husband. Robert, is a Representa-, 

tive for California “It’s the women 
who live with it who are on the 
move. They are becoming more 
organized and more militant" 

Norma Lagomarsino is the most 
outspoken of the Capitol wives and 
describes how her son became ill 
when he was 1 6. hearing voices and 
believing people were trying to 
destroy him. For 1 2 years he was in 
and out of hospital. “He began to 
get better when we realized he was 
suffering from an illness and once 
his father accepted that be was not 
spoilt lazy or pretending", she 
says. “When we all realized it was 
some chemical malfunction for 
which no-one was to blame, he 
accepted the illness and the medi- 
cation. It’s just like diabetes. You 
develop a way of dealing with it 
and not concealing it" 

Nancy Domenici is the wife of 
Senator Peter Domenici of New 
Mexico, and mother of their right 
children, one of whom is disturbed. 
She has organized the lobbying 
wives from her home in Rockville. 

She arranged lectures on mental 
illness for the politicians on Capi- 
tol Hill, and has written to the 
committees responsible for setting 
budgets, asking for more money for 
research into mental illness. They 
have a considerable advantage as 
Peter Domenici and three other 
husbands serve on these 

“Thv thing that convinced me to 
speak out", says Norma Lagomar- 
sino, “was the assassination at- 
tempt on President Reagan by a 
schizophrenic. Our son was in 
hospital at the time. But there were 
hundreds of mothers who did not 
know where their disturbed sons 
were and feared it could be them." 






Gail Penney 

4 If a derision taken 
recently at Exeter Uni- 
versity were reflected 
in the world of sport, 
the World Cup might 
hare concluded with all par- 
titipating teams, in order of 
size of the countries repre- 
sented, receiving a small tro- 
phy. At Wimbledon the final 
ceremony could have con- 
sisted of all players receiving 
congratulations, lined up in 
order of height. 

The outcome of matches 
need not have been reported, 
although interested parties 
might have been free to make 
discreet inquiries. That way, 
invidious comparisons be- 
tween winners and losers 
could be avoided. 

Next week. Exeter Univer- 
sity will, within departments, 
graduate its students in al- 
phabetical order, and at the 
graduation ceremony their 
class of degree will not be 

Such classification has in 
the past produced a livelier 
round of applause, am those 
awarded Firsts have gone 
forward to receive their de- 
grees from the Chancellor, 
than for those at the end of a 
large department, awarded 
Thirds or Pass degrees. 

It seems that the Guild of 
Students, in consultation with 
sympathetic academics, has 
proposed the new procedure. 
Individual results will be 
known within departments or 
among friends. But from the 
point of view of parents, and 
the wider comm unity repre- 
sented at the ceremony, sach 
distinctions are apparently to 
be deliberately obscured. 

Everyone knows that there 
is no justice in die academic 
world. Some students are 
more effortlessly brilliant; 
some have predicted ques- 
tions more successfully than 
others; some have hay-fever, 
broken homes, unhappy love 
affairs. Some have worked 
strenuously, with disappoint- 
ing results. 

But neither is there neces- 
sarily justice in sporting con- 
tests. Decisions of referees 
may be open to dispute; 
athletes have off-days; condi- 
tions favour one rather than 
another. This is accepted; has 
it ever been seriously suggest- 
ed that it might be fairer if tire 
score were not to be reported ? 

The change iff practice at 
Exeter was passed through 
all die appropriate commit- 
tees and dedrion-making 
bodies, whose papers are 
doubtless readily available. 

It is possible, however, that 
many academics, who may 
have other reading priorities, 
are unaware of the innovation 
and hence of its sym- 
bolic significance. Whoj 
will value academic ex- 
cellence if the universi- 
ties do not ? 



■■( A furious calm 


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About 10 years ago the chief 
executive of one of Britain’s 
leading financial institutions 
leapt from his seat at the 
boardroom table and punched 
one of his colleagues on the 
1 jaw with great ferocity. 

The flailing director was 
normally a studious, urbane 
man but since he had started 
to face domestic as well as 
commercial problems, his 
family doctor prescribed a 
benzodiazipine (the Librium, 
Valium, Normison group) as a 
tranquillizer. The doctor for- 
got that in some patients who 
are tense, suffer controlled 
aggression or are hyperactive 
by nature, the drug can cause a 
paradoxical reaction by sup- 
pressing their inhibitions. 

Anxious patients, for simi- 
lar reasons, occasionally re- 
port an increase in anxiety, 
insomnia or nightmares. 
Short-acting benzodiazipines 
have been known to produce 
paranoia and changes in the 
senses of hearing, taste and 





smell — some of the many side 
effects reported recently in the 
Adverse Drug Reaction Bulle- 

Despite these occasional ill 
effects the benzodiazipine 
group remains very useful in 
medicine and has a therapeu- 
tic role well beyond sedation 
or tranquillization. Thou- 
sands of epileptics owe their 
lives and the preservation of 
their intellect to the drug. 

Patients regularly given too 
high a dose may show exces- 
sive sedation, impaired motor 
performance, problems in bal- 
ance and speech, double vi- 
sion. poor memory and 

It is always difficult to 
decide whether a tense, anx- 
ious patient is addicted to the 
drug or to the relief of tension 
which it brings. 

Can a lie detector tell lies? 


The lie detector 
operates on the 
principle that 

an anxious per- 
son sweats 
when he or she 
tells a lie and this alters the 
conduction of electricity across 
the skin — the galvanic skin 
response. Its efficiency de- 
pends on the liar worrying 
about the lies. It does not work 
with somebody without con- 
science or a skilled liar. 

A report published in Hos- 
pital Doctor reviews work in 
tbs field by Dr John Beary of 
Georgetown University. He 
looked at 880 records which 
show that although the poly- 
graph, as the lie detector is 
called, measures various phys- 
iological responses, including 
heart rate, blood pressure, 
respiration rate and the gal- 
vanic skin response while the 

patient is being questioned, 
the results are tittle better, in 
Dr Beary’s view, than can be 
achieved by tossing a com.The 
polygraph is 76 per cent 
sensitive and 60 per cent 
specific; in other words, the 
equipment which generated 
the results in this study was 
prodoring a 40 per cent false 
positive rate — which means 
that a lot of people could be 
wrongly labelled as lying. 

Dr Thomas Stnttaford 

Medical Briefing (June 20) 
mentioned research into pas- 
sive smoking published in the 
July issue of the British 
Journal of Cancer. The re- 
search. carried out in collabo- 
ration with the Institute of 
Cancer Research, was funded 
by the Tobacco Research 
Council (now Tobacco Advi- 
sory Council). 


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a stake 

Jaunty genealogist Hugh Peskett 
of Winchester returned yesterday 
from a month-long mission to 
America with The Great Billion 
Dollar Humphreys Heir question 
nearer an answer. Pelham Hum- 
phreys. a Texan rancher, died in 
1840 after a saloon bar shoot-out 
with no heirs — and the mystery 
of who should inherit remains 
unsolved to this day. It's of more 
than academic interest sines ofl 
was found on his land early this 
century and royalties to date total 
around $2 billion. Claims to the 
fortune have gushed and a re- 
cently-formed Humphreys Heir 
Association called in Peskett to 
trace other possible claimants. 
Yesterday, Peskett told me had 
traced at least 1,000 people with a 
good chance of winning a share 
and had “found a chime in the 
armour" of the oil giant Chevron, 
which daims to own all rights to 
the land. Anoraolies in the orig- 
inal land deeds, he said, could 
undermine Chevron's case. The 
thousand Humphreys now appear 
heartened enough to take on 
Chevron in the courts, using 
lawyers templed by a share of the 
fortune if they are successful. 

• On a visit to the Duchy of 
Cornwall last month Prince 
Charles was just about to start 
dinner when the fire alarms went 
off. A search quickly revealed the 
came - a Bodmin detective con- 
stable puffing his pipe beneath a 

smoke detector. 


Buckingham Palace tells me that 
the psalm to be sung at the royal 
wedding later this month is Zion, 
the City of God. On the face of it, 
the news contradicts my story last 
month that fearful of offending 
the Arab world. Prince Andrew 
and Sarah Ferguson had requested 
a psalm which made no mention 
of Israel. Further inquiries, how- 
ever. reveal that only two verses 
will be sung - neither containing 
the words Zion. Israel or anything 
remotely contentious. What's 
more, the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury. conducting the service, 
could choose to announce the 
psalm by its number, 48. instead 
of its title. I shall be listening 
carefully on the day. 

• The latest Punch carries a two- 
page ad for the Malaysian na- 
tional airline. “We'll treat you like 
gold", it says. And pay dose 
attention to your luggage, no 

Busting out 

Ambling round the Henley arts 
festival yesterday I was surprised 
to see the bronze Greek statues 

to see the bronze Greek statues 
moving. Hadn't I seen something 
similar recently at the 1CA in the 
Mall, where four men were 
sprayed in purple and grey paint, 
hung on a wall and called “living 
paintings"? Mark Eynon. Henley's 
artistic director, was quick to 
rebut any suggestion of stealing 
the idea; "Jean Cocteau painted 
his actors in the film Beauty and 
the Beast in the Forties." Appar- 
ently it all goes back to Louis XVI. 
who used to dress young boys as 
cherubs and point them gold. And 
there was I thinking I had spotted 
whodunnit in The Draughtsman’s 


‘Most of the Lower Third could 

ted him, mfortimalely. . .’ 

Spot of bother 

Lord Hailsham's dog. Spot, has 
disgraced himself. At a weekend 
bash to celebrate Lord Denham's 
25 years as whip, held at Domey 
Wood, one of the Foreign 
Secretary's official residences. 
Spot relieved himself over Lord 
Whitelaw's red dispatch box. 1 
understand that while Lord 
Hailsham had no intention of 
felling the misfortune spoil his 
party, the leader of the House took 
a considerable time before seeing 
the funny side. 

• With the world awash with a 3, 
BR offered the lamest possible 
excuse the other day for terminat- 
ing the 7 pm Kings Cross-New- 
castle service at Leeds: “Not 

enough fuel" 

Water sport 

It seems the first law of journalism 
these days is. if at all possible, to 
get Richard Branson's name into 
every story. So here's mine. Some 
time ago. West Dorset Tory MP 
Jim Spicer told Colin Moynihan. 
the organizer of next week’s MPs 
regatta, that he would be willing to 
water-ski down the Thames on the 
big day if a suitable wetsuit and 
power-boat were provided. Yes- 
terday Moynihan came up with 
the goods. And so on Wednesday 
the 60-year-old Spicer, who has 
not ski'd for 20 years, will race 
from Lambeth Bridge to West- 
minster. pulled by Atlantic 
Challenger . . .alongside the Vir- 
gin magnate himself. pjjg 

Radiating a false picture 

lion under- Mikhail ' “U,, {"ttm-rrxc* ****** * am a do £ l °^ 

working hand at DV OCOT26 mCOODIIIII not a monopoly c 

- r' Cahio *HicniM»rs ct 

The Soviet Union under- Mikhail 
Gorbachov is working hand at 
showing an image of reasonable- 
ness to the WesL Ail the marks of 
modernity are wheeled out in the 
presentation of what the Soviet 
Union -does, and there is more 
than a hint that the Gorbachov 
style is intended to be understood 
as proof of the existence of a 
Westernised elite with which the 
West can deal This hides the 
persistence of a degree of coercive- 
ness and brutality in the Soviet 
Union that no Western country 
can accept as reasonable. 

Vivid evidence of this comes in 
a documentary. The Nuclear 

deferred death sentence and partly 
because it is cheap. The human 
cost is not regarded as a cost 
According to Die evidence of a 
Protestant pastor, who has spent 
18 months at two such mines, 
uranium mining is carried out 
with no regard to safety provision. 
There is no machinery to extract 
toxic gases and dust and no special 
clothing is provided. 

Gulag, to be shown on Channel 4 
on Saturday. It shows pictures, 
some taken from Soviet tele- 
vision, some shot clandestinely at 
considerable risk, of the gulag as it 
is today. The image is not a pretty 
one. Tbe unofficially shot film and 
the interviews with relatively re- 
cent survivors of the Soviet prison 
regime are both persuasive in 
shedding fight on unknown as- 
pects of the story. 

The most remarkable part of the 
documentary deals with a highly 
sensitive and secret topic — ura- 
nium mining by prison labour.^ 
The Soviet system uses prisoners 
to mine uranium partly as a 

The death rate is high. So is the 
suicide rate - many prisoners 
preferring suicide to slow radi- 
ation poisoning. Medical support 
is worse then useless. There is 
lenative evidence that instead of 
offering treatment, some medical 
personnel regard the prisoners as 
guinea pigs and observe the 
progress of radiation sickness 

Tbe upshot is that the gulag is 
hardly changed from the death 
camps set up half a century ago. 
Brutality and appalling conditions 
are the norm. The guards appear 
to have an informal licence to kill 
prisoners. The prisoners are 
treated, as they have been for 
decades, merely as economic units 
from whom the maximum 

amount of work is to be extracted 
and are then to be discarded. 

The cynicism of the system is 
reflected in the way that regula- 
tions are applied. Failure to meet a 
heavy work quota, often in appall- 
ing conditions, such as having to 
dig soil frozen three feet deep with 
a spade, results in solitary confine- 
ment and starvation rations. This 
further undermines the prisoner’s 
constitution and is, for all prac- 
tical purposes, a death sentence. It 
is next to impossible to escape this 
vicious circle. 

The punishment cells at Vladi- 
mir prison, east of Moscow, are 
specifically designed to break pris- 
oners physically. They are too 
small to allow a man to lie down 
and are deliberately overheated or 
kept frozen. One former inmate 
describes how be was kept in such 
a cell for 1 5 days at 5 degrees C af- 
ter bis warm clothing had been 
taken away. He shivered for the 
entire time he was there and 
afterwards had a stroke. 

The medical staff are as much a 
pan of the system as the guards. 
One doctor, to whom a prisoner 
appealed for help, declared, “First 
I am a Chekist a KGB agent and 

then I am a doctor". Brutality is 
not a monopoly of the guards. 
Some prisoners, common crim- 
inals, are permitted to kill* 
politicals who come to be regarded 
as “awkward”. 

Tbe documentary also produces 
evidence that the total number of 
executions in the Soviet Union is 
far higher than the official figure of 
about 30 a year. The real figure, 
calculated * on the basis of 
confidential information from So- 
viet district courts and appeal 
courts, is between 865 and 895. 
Gorbachov's campaign against 
“speculators”, who can face the 
death penalty, ccould well raise 
this to an even higher level. 

There is something to be said 
for the argument that any society 
ran be judged by how it treats its 
prisoners. The emphasis is not on 
spectacular achievements but on 
the dark side, where state control 
is complete. The individual 

F. A. M ann puts the case against a combined legal profession 

Brief for a separate Bar 

Despite the unanimous conclu- 
sions of the report of the Royal 
Commission on Legal Services 
only seven years ago, there is 
renewed discussion about fusion 
of the legal profession. There are 
suggestions that every lawyer be 
educated in a solicitor's office for 
four years and become a 
“specialist" by satisfying unspeci- 
fied “objective criteria, including 
examinations"; that both bar- 
risters and solicitors have the right 
of audience in all courts, but in 
higher courts only in so far as (hey 
are qualified as specialists; and 
that the public have direct access 
to the Bar. 

Could such changes be rec- 
onciled with the present English 
legal system, or would they bring 
about a different system the 
precise nature of which cannot be 

The existing system is charac- 
terized by a number of distinctive 
features which do exist nowhere 
else except in some -Common- 
wealth countries. At present the 
young barrister, having passed his 
examination, learns his trade and 
its professional standards by prac- 
tical experience in his pupil- 
master’s chambers, by sitting in 
court, listening to his elders, 
watching tbe judges and after 
some time starting with small 
cases. In the course of time he 
achieves experience (which cannot 
be acquired by passing examina- 
tions), becomes known to the 
judiciary and, if he is good, gains 
its confidence. 

As the barristers practice grows, 
his skill and authority widen and 
he can cope with the peculiarities 
of the system, some of which 
should be emphasized. (The right 
of direct access by the public is 
really a minor point it is a right 
claimed by accountants, patent 
agents and surveyors; the layman 
in the strict sense is rarely able to 
present relevant matter.) 

In the first place, all English 
proceedings are essentially oral. 
The advocate faces questions, 
criticism, tests, challenges with 
which he is called upon to deal on 
the spot. He cannot say: “I shall 
revert to this point in my next 
brief." He has no second chance. 

Secondly, the English trial con- 
sists of a single and continuous 
hearing. There are no night sit- 
tings such as occur on the Conti- 
nent which are bound to leave the 
participants exhausted and unable 
to do justice. The parties and their 
representatives will have to be 
available, whatever the duration 
of the trial. 

There is in England neither in 
criminal nor in civil cases room 
for such disgraceful occurrences as 
the trial in West Germany of 
Count Lambsdorff, the ex-Min- 
ister of Economics, a director of 
the Dresdner Bank and others, 
which has continued since last 
October for about two days a 
week, principally in order to 
permit the lawyers (who are 
solicitors with the right of audi- 
ence or barristers with access to 
the public) to take care of their 
general practice. 

Nor is there any such largely 
futile oral hearing as occurs in 
civil proceedings in the United 
States, where each side has a fixed 
time for oral “argument". This 
frequently lasts less than an hour, 
even in important cases, and this 
time is usually taken up by 
questions put by the court, so that 

By courtesy of Punch 


“ Oh sir, please sir, is this Chancery Lane I " 
“It is.” 

“ Ah ! I knowed it was ! ” 

“ Then why did you ask ? ” 

“’Cos I wanted to have counsel's opinion ! ” 

a logical systematic submission is 
impossible. Nor is there such 
ineffectual cross-examination as is 
usual in the US (on the Continent 
witnesses are primarily interro- 
gated by the court, cross-examina- 
tion being unknown). 

Thirdly, in this country's civil 
proceedings the judge who starts a 
case is in principle unconversant 
with it. The case has to be 
explained to him, but his mind is 
not made up before the end of the 
hearing. (This point, incidentally, 
gives strong support to the ad- 
versarial system of advocacy 
which has recently been 
unfavourably compared to the 
inquisitorial one: a judge who 
knows the papers and acts as 
inquisitor has inevitably formed a 
view and no longer has an open 

Fourthly, most laymen will be 
surprised to learn that the English 
legal system does not require 
judges to know the law. Rather the 
law is submitted to them — and 
what has not been submitted does 
not form the basis of decision. It is 
true that a judge may draw 
attention to this or that point, to a 
decision, to academic writing. He 
may even in exceptional circum- 
stances make suggestions. But the 
burden of finding and explaining 
the law and suggesting its applica- 
tion to the case in hand is cast 
upon the advocates. This is wholly 
different on the Continent where 
the law is found by the court (jura 
novit curia, as the old Latin 
maxim puis it). 

Fifthly, if you add up all persons 
exercising full-time judicial func- 
tions in England and Wales, you 
are unlikely to reach a higher 
figure than about 2,000. In Ger- 
many there are 15.000 judges. In 
France the 120 judges of the Court 

of Appeal for the Paris region 
alone are supposed to deal with no 
fewer than 36,000 appeals a year. 
The Cour de Cassation. France’s 
highest tribunal, has 18,000 ap- 
peals a year. In England the Court 
of Appeal. Civil Division, has 
about 1.500, though the Criminal 
Division has about 8,000, and the 
House of Lords hears around 80 
cases a year. In the United Stales 
judges have "clerks”, i.e. assis- 
tants who prepare and frequently 
write judgments which their mas- 
ters often merely adopt and which 
a qualified observer can easily 
recognize as the work of a begin- 

that any proposal to change the 
legal profession must be viewed. 
Can the system be maintained if 
solicitors acquire the right of 
audience in higher courts? If not, 
what is going to take its place? And 
will it provide quicker and less 
expensive, but equally efficient 
and impartial justice? 

The present system is unlikely 
to continue if solicitors obtain the 
right of audience in higher courts. 
The number of solicitors at 
present who are able to submit 
and argue a case, to expose the 
facts and examine and cross- 
examine witnesses is a tiny 
proportion of the total of almost 
50,000 in practice. So tbe 
solicitor’s right of audience will 
lead to a multiplicity of judges. 
The judges will have to do their 
own research and there will not be 
that sifting process which long and 
varied experience, specialist 
knowledge, familiarity with 
prevailing practices, judicial re- 
actions and personalities pro- 

That will lead to the American 
or Continental systems — in 
particular to interrupted hearings 
and a larger number of appeals — 
and in all probability to largely 
written proceedings, because the 
advocate-solicitor, whose experi- 
ence is necessarily limited, simply 
cannot afford the time to sit in 
court for long and will rarely be 
able or willing to deal with the 
facts and the law. No “litigation 
solicitor" can do all the prepara- 
tory work and be regularly in 
court He needs the help which the 
barrister now receives from the 
solicitor. But look at the Law 
Reports and ask yourself how 
many will be able to present and 
argue the cases there reported. If 
the reforming solicitors reply that 
in these cases they would employ 
members of a residuary Bar (if it 
survived) they overlook the prob- 
lem of how the latter could, under 

a different system, acquire the 
peculiar qualifications which bar- 

The wholly different English 
conditions are due to many rea- 
sons, expense being a regrettable, 
but by no means principal one. 
The principal one is the process of 
sifting upon which a highly experi- 
enced Bar embarks, upon which 
much of its reputation depends 
and which keeps litigation within 
moderate bounds. There is no 
such attitude as the Continental 
lawyer's advice: “Let us issue a 
writ and see what happens. Hie 
court will tell us." Consequently 
the Continental judge sits once or 
twice a week in court and during 
the remaining time studies papers, 
researches the law, confers with 
his colleagues and writes judg- 
ments. The English judge sits 
every day and writes judgments in 
his so-called spare time. They are 
his personal responsibility and it is 
his name which becomes history. 
It is not the anonymity of the 13th 
Chamber of the District Court in 
Hamburg, or the 25th Chamber of 
the Court of Appeal in Paris, 
which protects his errors, mis- 
understandings or failings. 

peculiar qualifications which bar- 
risters possess at present They 
must be given the opportunity of 
starting with the simple case and 
progressing over a period of years. 
But if the simple cases are done by 
solicitor-advocates, where can 
barristers learn? 

This is not to say that countries 
with a different legal system do 
not achieve a wholly satisfactory 
standard of justice. Nor is it to say 
that it would not be possible to 
devise a different system in En- 
gland which would work satisfac- 
torily. Nor should some carefully 
considered reforms be a priori 
excluded, though it would be 
ironic if we adopted the largely 
written American procedure at the 
very time when many American 
lawyers are becoming aware of the 
disadvantages of their procedure 
and the attractions of the English 

The point of these remarks is 
that you cannot to any substantial 
extent tinker with the present legal 
system without jeopardizing it. 
and that if you wish to introduce 
fusion or something approaching 
it you must start by remodelling 
the present legal system as a 
whole, adapting it to conditions 
which would be fundamentally 
different from those at present. 

0 Timas Newspapers. 1386. 

It is against this background 

The author is a solicitor in the City 
of London and a fellow of the 
British Acadcmv. 

Confronting the cure to drug addiction 

Britain's most currently cele- 
brated drug addict. Boy George 
O'Dowd, now reportedly lan- 
guishes in Britain's most currently 
celebrated drug clinic St Andrew's 
Private Hospital in Northampton, 
might care to ponder the words of 
Dr Maurice Lipsedgc consultant 
psychiatrist in the department of 
Psychological Medicine at Guy's 

drugs dinic in Surrey.The Ditzlers 
promote a treatment which is 
itself drag-free. Their programme 
empasizes counselling and 

psychotherapy, and tries to make 
the addict face the conseauences 

me aaaici lace me consequences 
of his addiction, with the help of 
his family and former addicts. 

“You cannot cure a drug addict 
with another drug". Lipsedge says. 
“Addicts are ' best helped by 
confrontation, by being en- 
couraged to face reality and by 
having their self-deception chal- 
lenged. The answer to the problem 
lies ultimately in the personality of 
the addict.” 

Lipsedge has wrirten the fore- 
word to a book* about addiction 
and its cure by an American 
psychologist. Jim DitzJer. and his 
wife Joyce, who run a private 

"Far too many NHS clinics still 
prescribe substitute drugs to help 
addicts give up heroin, for 
example." Lipsedge says. "It’s like 
trying to cure an alcoholic by 
giving him vodka instead of gin. It 
only encourages addicts to go on 
feeling there is a chemical solution 
to their problems. The NHS needs 
to turn its back on chemical 
solutions and have a fundamental 

Lipsedge is particularly scathing 
about the continued prescribing of 
methadone, the heroin substitute 
long thought to be the “answer? to 
heroin addiction because its use 

made heroin withdrawal symp- 
toms more bearable. 

"People sell their methadone 
and buy heroin". Lipsedge says, 
“or they become methadone ad- 
dicts. Now an attempt is being 
made to popularize another sub- 
stitute drug, naltrexone. It is said 
to block the effects of heroin: if 
you take both it and heroin, you 
don't feel good. It may or may not 
be helpful with heroin, but it does 
nothing for polydrug abuse. The 
vast majority of drug users in tb>s 
country take more than one drug, 
from cocaine to tranquillizers to 
anything they can get" 

The Ditzlers claim a success rate 
of more than 50 per cent, which is 
considered remarkable. Their pro- 
gramme bears many similarities to 
that of Alcoholics Anonymous, 
and Lipsedge is convinced that 
this approach is the only one 
which offers real hope of a cure. 

Boy George, it is reported, is 
being treated with Dr Meg Patt- 
erson's "little black box", in which 
electrodes strapped to the head 
send impulses into the brain. 
Lipsedge is unwilling to comment 
publicly on another doctor’s meth- 
ods but. speaking of "alternative” 
approaches in general, he says; “I 
do not think paramedical treat- 
ments, such as hynosrs or aversion 
therapy, have any real value." 

The drawback with the Ditzler 
method is that the addict has to 
pay for it. “It is unfortunate that 
this approach is not more widely 
available through the NHS”, 
Lipsedge says. "The realization is 
slowly dawning that this is the 
only way to cure drug addiction, 
which is now an epidemic, but the 
resources are just not there.” 

Michael McCarthy 

*Coming Off Drugs {Paper mac. 

Wanted: social 

imprisoned is entirely at the 
mercy of the system, and the 
system is allowed its fullest ex- 
pression. By this yardstick, the 
Soviet Union has a long way to go 
before it can be seriously regarded 
as Westernised. 

© Tban Nampapam, 1986. 

The author lectures in Communist 
politics at the London School of 
J Economics . 

Ministers are rightly - concerned 
about a public tendency to take 
their achievements for granted. 
Conservative economics may 
have spread to socialist France,. 
Australia and throughout the 
OECD, but clear new selling 
points must be identified in social 
.policy areas broadly, untouched-' 
since 1979. 

Sadly, little attention has been 
devoted to the outcome of ideas.. 
There has been minimal analysis 
even of the two chief and un- 
expected successes of Thatcherite 
policy innovation: privatization 
and legal reform Of the trades 
■unions. ■ - , • 

Nationalized industries, in the 
1979 scheme of things, 
underperformed because they . 
were badly managed and were 
subject to government interfer- 
ence. Left at arm's length, their 
managers would be able to man- 
age and all would be welL It took 
two years of increasing losses and 
subsidization before the potential 
of privatization, as a revenue 
raiser, a check on unquantifiable 
future public spending and, ul- 
timately, as a route to wider 
-individual ownership, was folly 

Equally, for two years. James 
Prior, as Employment Secretary, 
strove to confine trades union law 
reform to the modest picketing 
code of practice and slight refine- - 
meat of the scope of secondaiy * 
picketing contained m his Act of . 
1980. Only an unprecedented 
alliance of- the Prime Minister, 
employers, policy organizations, 
backbenchers and peers led ul- 
timately to the critical change — 
the reintegration of trades unions 
within the ordinary law. 

There were plenty of other 
options. The managerial approach 
originally favoured for national- 
ized industries has subsequently 
been followed in the National 
Health Service. It has proved that 
a resource allocation working 
party can be no substitute for the 
individual consumer choice. 

The managerial approach has 
been tried, too. in the unemploy- 
ment benefit system, where a 
Rayner review suggested that it 
would be more cost effective not 
to require benefit claimants to 
register for work. The mistake 
undoubtedly added tens of thou- 
sands to the unemployment fig- 
ure; it is now being expensively 

" The very modest achievements 
of Raynerism across central gov- 
ernment and the current diffi- 
culties of the managerial approach 
in the NHS, reveal the limitations 
of approaches based on the more 
efficient administration of social- 
ized systems. 

The two Thatcher successes 
were successes precisely because 
they cut free from administrative 
tinkering to refashion the struc- 
tures of choice and ownership. 
They followed a simple political ■ 
equation: signals + interests + 
machinery = policy success. 

It seems obvious to suggest that 
reforming policies will not grip if 
the signals seen by voters suggest 
that there is no problem which 

necessitates reform, or that 'in- 
creased slate diversion and re- 
allocation of resources is the only 

If signals tell voters , that, for 
example, it pays to vote for high- 
spending local councils because 
business and a handful , of rate- 
payers will pick up the - biff, a 
surprisingly large- number of vot- 
ers will vote for high-spending an d 
free services. Mrs Thatcher, has 
picked up that- challenge', by 
broadening the base of those who 
perceive signals of excessive 
spending and whose interests tell 
them to do something about it, 
through the proposed community 
charge: . ... 

As for- interests, it is a Toy 
mistake, to assume that an appeal 
to individual, interests win gen- 
erate a socialistic response, ‘ and 
that only in the name of austerity 
will policies that abjure profligate 
public spending- prevail The un- 

expected lesson of privatization 
and trades union reform is that 

and trades union irforih is that 
Mrs Thatcher heals to build a 
base of hew real interests in 
support of social policy solutions, 
to rephrate the new mtercsts on 
which : her economic policy 
achievements have been built. 
They would replace a notional, 
generalized stake . in. systems 
founded on doubtful accounting, 
retrospective -financing, and in- 
visible and incomprehensible 
redistribution of incomes, kept in 
some sort of spending check by 
arbitrary and politically Hamagmg 
cash limits. 

■ But h is clear that in the. present 
health, welfare and education 
systems, the perceived signals and 
interests of millions of voters say. 
vote against Mrs Thatcher. 

Privatization relied, heavily on 
the contribution of outside -think 
tanks and the work of special 
advisers in tire Treasury, itself a 
department unusually wefl : eq- 
uipped with officials capable of 
being redeployed to major, cross- 
department policy innovation. 
Trades union reform had to. be 
“privatized” to the extent that tire 
Department of Employment 
played scarcely a part in the 
development of policy which ted 
to the 1 982 Employment Act 

Today the polity support sys- 
tems available to ministers are 
desperately weak. The Central 
Policy Review Staff has been 
disbanded Special advisers are 
few in number and tied to the 
transitory appointments of in- 
dividual ministers. Labour, Lib- 
erals and SDP are all setting up 
ministerial cabinets ad speed im- 
plementation of new policy should 
they be in power. 

The scale of the social policy 
problems faring Mrs Thatcher are 
large enough to make it highly 
unlikely that solutions can emerge 
by chance, accident or good 
fortune; By refashioning the sig- 
nals received by voters and tying 
their legitimate interests and 
expectations to an effective 
mechanism that would deliver the 
answers, the successes of 1979-883 
could be repeated. 

The author is head of the policy 
unit. Institute cf Directors. ■ 

Henry Stanhope 

for beginners 

An American academic, writing in 
the New York Times the other day, 
complained about being called 
"Jiff”. It was her name all right, 
but what riled her was that the 
junior bank clerk who used it had 
not previously known her from 
Adam — or, in her case. Eve. 

The lady should try living over 
here. In the US they might use first 
names more often, but at least 
they do so easily, as if they mean 
it. “Hiya er. er. Henry”, says tbe 
president of Ford or Lockheed, or 
Kentucky Fried Chicken, advanc- 
ing like a great friendly bear with 
outstretched paw. “Call me Jim” 

In Britain, first names are all 
part of the class structure, like 
accents and schools. A delegate at 
the annual conference of the TUC 
could even score a point or two by 
referring to tire general secretary as 
“Norman". But not so a member 
of the House of Laity who. in the 
middle of the General Synod, 
railed the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury “Bob." 

An elderly aunt, addressed by 
her first name recently by a new 
young doctor less than half her 
age, snapped back in true Lady 
Bracknell style “ And where does 
this ‘Dorothy’ come from, pray?” 
Tbe hapless medic, missing tbe 
point, picked up her card. "From 
here”, he said brightly. “On your . 
card. It's your name." 

He was. might one aigue, just 
trying to be nice. Not a bit of it. He 
was establishing — or trying to — 
an updated version of the master- 
servant relationship between, say, 
Bertie Wooster who was called 
"sir” and Jeeves, who was always 
called "Jeeves". If he had said: 
"My name's Keith", he might 
have been excused. But he would 
no more have dreamed of doing 
that than the Master in Upstairs 
Downstairs would have consid- 
ered joining his butler Hudson for 
a pint in the local pub. The doctor 
expected to be called “Doctor." 

The point about using 
someone's first name is that it 
should at least be mutual. You 
might not particularly like being 
called “Fred" by someone who 
until five minutes before was a 
total stranger, but at least, if he 
says "I'm Arthur” you can feel on 
equal terms. Nurses can just about 

names, they don’t mind patients 
doing the same. (A patient lying in 
bed, muffled in bandages like a 
Punch cartoon, is hardly in a 
position to complain anyway.) 
Still less able to protest is tire 
young subaltern who is addressed 
as “Simon" or whatever by the 
general. This is not an invitation 
to be on intimate terms with the 
divisional commander. It's merely 
the lop man's way of showing 
friendship to the lower orders. The. 
Army has to some extent got 
round this by referring to senior 
officers, in the third person. any- 
way, by their Christian name 
prefaced fay their rank. Thus 
General Sir Nigel BagnaU, the 
present Chief of the General Staff, 
might be known to his subordi- 
nates as “General Niger —though 
face-to-face only as “General" 
“CCS", or "Sir". 

The Army is of course a 
hierarchical society — about as 
hierarchical as Fleet Street is not. 
Even there, the occasional re- 
porter will stoop to addressing his 
interviewee as “Sir” in his anxiety 
to win favour on a story, like a 
spaniel begging for a biscuit But 
it's a bad and debasing principle. 

People who use one's first name 
without dreaming for one moment 

that the familiarity might be 

reciprocated are like, those who 
speak loudly in favour of preserv- 
ing regional accents when they 
don't have one themselves. 

ft is hard to recall Professor 
Higgins bring played by -anyone 
with a less than Rex Harrison 

' accent. Henry Higgins was a toff. 

who called Miss DooIinle^Eliza” 
and studied her tonal cadences, 
but would have been outraged had 
she turned round and called him 

“Enery"m return. “Guv",“Prof\ 
“Ducks" or any other Cockney 

get away with it. because although 
they often tend now, to use first 

“Ducks” or any other Cockney 
endearment might have been 
permissibter Higgins called Pick- 
ering “Pickering” — bui not as a 
master commanding a member of 
tire lower orders, rather as one 
clubman greeting another, years 
after prep school together. -The 
difference again was that Pick- 
ering called itim , “Higgins" in 
return.' . . . . 

So next time our American 
.friend snaps. “CaU me Madam",, 
let her spare a, thought for us. 
Life's modi more, complicated 
here. - 


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is part of a wider concern. Six 
m ?, n ^ ls have passed since the 
collapse of oil prices. But the 
expected post-oil boom for the 
* world economy has still to 
snow. Falling share prices may 
be no more than an expression 
of impatience, of hopes de- 
ferred. The danger is of a 
temporary loss, of financial 
market confidence extending 
outwards into the real econ- 
omy, to become self- fulfilling . 

When share prices on Wall 
Street began to fell on Mon- 
day. three fectors could be 
detected. The. Graram- 
Rudman plan for reducing the 
United States federal budget 
deficit had been declared un- 
constitutional by the Supreme 
Court. There was increasing 
evidence of economic weak- 
ness. which would be 
^ exacerabted by the interest rate 
consequences of a failure to 
cut the budget deficit. And. 
perhaps most importantly. 
Wall Street, in common with 
stock markets around the 
world, had experienced a very 
strong rise and was due for a 

In London, with the excep- 
tion of the special factor of the 
budget deficit the same con- 
cerns were present Share 
prices, until very recently, 
were marked up in anticipa- 
tion of the economic recovery 
that was to have been asso- 
ciated with the new cheap oil 
era. Government bonds 
moved sharply higher in the 
.♦ expectation of lower interest 
rates that were to have 
accompanied the major fell in 
world inflation. But in neither 
case, so far. has expectation 
matched reality: 

When oil prices fell from 
$30 to $10 a barrel last winter, 
a fell which may not yet have 
come to an end. the con- 
sequences were quickly fore: 
seen in lower world inflation 
and stronger growth. The infla- 

aimost immediately but 
growth, it was recognised 
would take a little longer. 

And so it has ban. Figures 
to be published todav will 
show that the inflation rate in 
Britain has fallen to about 2.5 
per cent the lowest for nearly 
30 years. In other countries, 
notably - Germany, the price 
level is felling. 

Central banks have not 
however, responded to declin- 
ing inflation with a 
corresponding reduction in in- 
terest rates, confounding the 
expectations of the bond mar- 
kets. The inflation spectre of 
the past 15 years looms large 
enough to persuade policy- 
makersnot to take risks. Cheap 
oil should mean permanent 
low inflation, ft is argued, and 
not just a temporary dip in the 
inflation rate. 

The impatience of financial 
markets, on one level has 
good cause. Base rates in 
Britain of 10 per cent imply a 
punishingly high real interest 
rate when taken in conjunc- 
tion with inflation of 2.5 per 
cent. In Germany, interest 
rates of 4 or 5 per cent sit 
uneasily alongside sub-zero 
inflation. In the United States, 
the Federal Reserve Board has 
been fighting a determined 
battle, which it appears des- 
tined to lose, to keep interest 
rates high. 

It would be wrong, however, 
to view the pause in economic 
growth which has occurred 
since the winter as due to 
excessively tight monetary 
policy. The balance of the 
evidence, in feet, is tipped in 
favour of the view that mone- 
tary policy has been rather 

It is important to remember 
that the' mechanism for the 
boost to growth from lower oil 
prices could not operate in- 
stantaneously. The initial ef- 
fects of lower oil prices was to 
cut off export markets in the 


The Jordanian government's 
w action in closing the Palestine 
Liberation Organization's of- 
fices in Jordan — all -25 of them 
- is the latest sign of a sea- 
change in Arab alignments. Its 
significance is both practical 
and emotional, and its im- 
plications go far beyond the 
borders of the Arab world. ' 

Once upon a time the Pal- 
estine Liberation Organization 
was regarded as the doyen of 
radical terrorist organizations. 
Its training camps were the 
destination of every aspiring 
terrorist. Its fingerprints were 
detected, rightly or wrongly, 
on the discarded pin of every 
terrorist grenade. Its leader, 
: Yassir Arafat, was invited to 
address the United Nations. 

Today, the PLO is a shadow 
of its former self. Its leadership 
is divided, several times over. 
Arafat is no longer the un- 
!con tested focus of Arab 
unanimity. Now, with the loss 
of its base in Jordan — the 
Country many Arabs see as the 
closest the Palestinians will 
-come to having a homeland — 
-the PLO has lost its last 
’legitimate foothold in the area. 

. The immediate motive for 
Jordan’s break with the PLO, 
or rather with that part of it led 
by Yassir Arafat, was the 
:PLO’s condemnation of 
Jordan's alleged support for a 
rival PLO faction. But it would 
-have taken more than words 
spoken in anger to break so 
long-standing an alignment. In 
feel the seeds of disenchant- 

ment were sown when Arafat 
thwarted King Husain's initia- 
tive on the Israeli-occupied 
West Bank earlier this year. 
From then on the fortunes of 
Arafat’s PLO, which had 
jrtarted to recover from the 
numiliation in Beirut four 
years ago, have been in de- 

The brutal truth is that while 
the Middle East situation has 
moved on since Arafat's hey- 
day. the Palestine Liberation 
Organization under his tute- 
lage has not Rejectiomsm 
may be going out of fashion 
among Arab states, but Arafat 
still insists that he cannot deal 
even indirectly, with Israel He 
still insists on nothing less 
than an independent Palestin- 
ian homeland. But the PLO’s 
territorial position is weaker 
than it has. been for years. It is 
now effectively banished to 
Tunisia, fer from its tra- 
ditional theatre of operations. 

Moreoever, Jordan is only 
the latest of the Arab countries 
to have decided that the PLO, 
at least so long as Arafat 
remains leader, no longer 
represents a force for Arab 
unity. Syria has recognized 
exactly that in Lebanon, where 
it has risked military interven- 
tion to prevent the PLO’s 
return. Saudi Arabia appears 
open to suggestions that its 
financial support for Arafat 
might be scaled down. And 
Egypt, once the pariah of the 
Arab world for signing the 
Camp David agreement, is 

being tentatively welcomed 
back into the fold. Last week, 
the Egyptian paper Al Ahram 
published an interview with 
King Fahd of Saudi Arabia, its 
first for many years. 

A new. superficially more 
amenable. Arab grouping ap- 
pears to be in the making, with 
the recently established Syr- 
ian-Jordanian axis at its cen- 
tre. It is united by a pragmatic 
reluctance to underwrite 
Arafat's intransigence over a 
Palestinian homeland and a 
new-found (post-Libya?) 
abhorrence of his methods. 
For the first time since Camp 
David, there is the distant 
prospect of an Arab consensus: 
this time against, rather than 
for. Arafat 

The likely consequences of 
this embryonic realignment 
are far-reaching and generally 
welcome — though the Middle 
East repeatedly confounds 
optimistic predictions. In the 
long term, they could include a 
more comfortable, if hardly 
secure, existence for Israel 
within its existing borders, and 
the eventual reunification of 
the Palestinians around a 
more flexible PLO leadership. 

In the short-term, however, 
Arafat and his men are likely 
to resort to more desperate 
measures as they try to restore 
their image and maintain a 
presence nearer to their no- 
tional homeland. Yesterday’s 
attempt to land fighters in 
Lebanon could be only the 
beginning of a long and bitter 

JUZVU Uiv flWVW v» ^ — 


„ ,s Simple prudence to e*- safe ****** — i •*« 

tile*' conclusions of I Why. then, did some of her That is not to say that Dr 
; of which only the first senior colleagues J^ke Savage emerges without criti- 

has been released, posite point of vievtfTbey ^ fft, m lhe report She 
of it however. Dr apparently' differed with heron herself admitted errors in her 

;2L5f. Cj» va oe the consultant the general need for ceasarean handling of the five cases. And 
Wendy Sa\ age. comu^ sections. But it was a matter of her dealv in 0Kjering a 

Hospital for 15 opinion rather than pracua. ce asarean'in the case of the 

' ,lh ft«!ihL nd fr»r aliened income Eght 0601 of the de - l \ e ^ baby AU receives the serious 
^ cpruretl a vindica- under her care were earned mit cen sure that it caused risks to 
petence.hasse : nau irv by ceasarean section compared both baby and mother and 

Tower Hamlets to 12 per cent m the London came -near the bounds of 

established by hospital as a whole and 10 per acceptable practice- — though 

- health authority. f or cent nationwide. That is not a j t was q U ft e unconnected with 

- was five dramatic disparity. ihe baby's subsequent death, 

alleging incompet^wa* m ^ ^vage express* her More severe judgements may 

•dehvenes under views on the superiority of { ur jc in the second instalment, 

care. These were five cases . ch jidbirth very vig- _ . 

and that her criteria for safe 
practice are reasonable. 

Why. then, did some of her 
senior colleagues take the op- 
posite point of view? They 
apparently differed with her on 
the general need for ceasarean 
sections. But it was a matter of 
opinion rather than practice. 

;the London Hospital totij y percent of the deliveries 
months for alleged mcom- earned out 

petence. has secured a £ y ceaS arean section compared 

.felL. 45 L.h 2S* » Decent in. the London 

care, lucav 

over a period in which Dr 
Savage presided over s^ra 

.hundred dehvenes. A verdwt 
of general incompetence 

natural childbirth very vig- 
orously. As a result, her col- 
leagues may well _ have 
exaggerated her commitment 
to it and believed, in the words 

But the wider value of the 
report, and of the public 
inquiry which led up to iL is 

of genera/ '“‘■y" 1 ''* "V. rn it and believed, mine wum» that has _ exposed the dif- 
- would require evidence of ^ ™ report, -that Mrs. ferences of dirndl opinion on 

more general failure of clim^ rejected Ceasarean sec childbirth practices. It has 

.judgement than that suggenad ^L^ess of the interests therefore strengthened the 
bv even the gloomiest inter- “°^^ tients - That could potential mothers 

-preiation of the five cases. for what the report should be given the mfortna- 

P -Vs it happens, however the accoun^ -undercurrent non that would enable item to 
inquin-concluded that the five ^pw ifion" to her which, choose between *e different 
rases in question revealed no ftU shon 0 f the approaches of different medi- 

aberration of dim- wni " - alleged bv her cal experts. When the experts 
ca” S judgement: that Dr eowgW “f? on SheIess differ, they can Mew us. o 
aval's patients were "o. '“^stoned their judgement gram them cane blanche. 
exposed to unjusufiable risks. 

Drug offence and death penalty 

oil producing nations. Thus, 
both Germany and Japan, 
because of reduced export 
volumes, experienced a de- 
cline in gross national product 
in the first quarter of this year. 
In Britain, the drop in North 
Sea profits and investment 
added to these effects. 

A secondary pause, as peo- 
ple made sure that the marked 
fell in oil prices was not 
followed by an equally sharp 
rise, was also inevitable. But 
that too is now over. The 
economy, both here and over- 
seas. is now poised for. to use ■ 
the Chancellor’s phrase, a 
vigorous resumption of 

But growth requires con- 
fidence among the people who 
make the real decisions — the 
businessmen who invest and 
the consumers who spead. A 
spreading of the loss of con- 
fidence which affected finan- 
cial markets particularly badly 
earlier this week could mean 
that the growth opportunity is 

There are indications that 
where employment derisions 
are concerned, businessmen 
require a sort of super-con- 
fidence. Successive surveys, 
from the Confederation of 
British Industry, the Occupa- 
tions Study Group and. this 
week, from the Institute for 
Employment Research, sug- 
gest that British employers are 
not sufficiently optimistic 
about long-term economic 
prospects, or their own ability 
to win back market share, to 
expand employment signifi- 
cantly. Such confidence could 
as well emerge from a temper- 
ing of wage demands, as 
Government and CBI partici- 
pants at this week’s National 
Economic Development 
Council meeting agreed. But it 
is needed if the chances of 
more robust growth now are to 
be translated into lower un- 
employment in the coming 

From Ms Joe Parham 
Sir. Your leader today (July g) 
"Drugs and the gallows", is so 
astonishing that I must take issue 
with you. even though Kevin 
Barlow and Brian Chambers are 
alreadv dead. 

Attempts to point out to the 
Malaysian Pardons Board that 
justice was not being done were 
not "patronising implications 
about the quality of justice in 
Malaysia". They were made in the 
knowledge that at least one of the 
convictions was unsafe. 

No one in his or her right mind 
approves of heroin smuggling. No 
society in its right mind approves 
of capital punishment. 
Yesterday's execution is. in the 
, words of Kevin Barlow’s lawyer. 
Mr Karpal Singh, a scandal which 
has brought shame to Malaysia. 

If. as the Malaysian authorities 
defensively reiterate. Kevin Bar- 
low and Brian Chambers were 
subject to exactly the same judicial 
process as that enjoyed by Malay- 
sians . then all 1 can say is God 
help the Malaysians. 

Yours faithfully. 


National Council for the Welfare 
of Prisoners Abroad. 

347a Upper Street. Nl. 

July 8. 

From Sir Eldon Griffiths. MP for 
Bury St Edmunds (Conservative) 
Sir.’ People like me who believe, 
no matter how reluctantly, that 
the death penalty can — and does 

— deter, can scarcely avoid re- 
examining our consciences in light 
of the worldwide publicity 
surrounding Malaysia’s execution 
of the two convicted Australian 
drug traffickers. Those gruesome 
TV pictures of the corpses, not to 
speak of their relatives' public 
agonising must surely have 
brought home to even the most 
convinced "hanger* the dread 
reality of the capital sentence. 

Yei there is one wager I would 
offer with confidence to the af- 
fronted abolitionists, among them 
the Prime Minister of Australia. 
Very few Western visitors to 
Malaysia over the next few 
months will. I bet turn their 
hands to buying and selling co- 

Medical exchange 

From Professor J. B* Boag 
Sir. In your correspondent's report 
(June 21) of our medical exchange 
visit to the Soviet Union there is 
one point I should like to correct. 
Our group of doctors made no 
request to visit Hospital No 6 
where the Chernobyl patients are 
being cared for. as none of us had 
the special expertise to offer 
advice or assistance, which would 
have been the only justification 
for requesting such a visit 
Our itinerary had been planned 
long before the Chernobyl disaster 
and we were welcomed in all those 
hospitals and institutes — in 
Moscow. Leningrad and Yaroslavl 

— to which we had requested 

Yours etc. 

J. W. BOAG. 

Flat I. 

40 Overton Road. 

Sutton. Surrey. 

July 5. 

Boarding for all 

From Professor John A. Doris 
Sir. One side-effect of the cost of a 
public school education is that it 
leads middle-class families to 
strive for higher incomes than 
they would otherwise need, thus 
making them anxious to preserve 
an income differential based on 
class and not necessarily related to 
social usefulness. Could I suggest 
that the solution might be not to 
abolish such schools out of hand, 
with their fine record and tra- 
ditions. but to lam them into sixth 
form boarding colleges, as was 
done at Dartmouth many years 

Thirteen years is. in my view, 
too young an age for boarding but 
by sixteen many if not most 
adolescents, having found their 
own values, could do with the 
experience of a structured educa- 
tional environment away from 

Neglect at Wareham 

From Mr T. J. Driver 
Sir. The letter from Mr G. H. 
Osborn (June 21) overlooks the 
fact that, as a monument in an 
urban area, the Wareham town 
walls are much used for various 
recreational purposes which 
means sadly that in places erosion 
has occurred and is probably 
inevitable, as is litter. 

This and the need to ensure that 
routine grass-cutting etc strikes a 
balance between preserving the 
monument and keeping it tidy, 
and nature-conservation aspects, 
means that maintenance in the 
short and long term is more cosily 
than for other monuments. It is 
therefore by far the most expen- 
sive area of open space that 
Purbeck District Council has to 
maintain at a time when local 

Qicket decline 

From the Headmaster of H esr- 
minster City School and others 
Sir. Mr Matthews (July 4) is 
correct in saying that there is a 
general decline in the number of 
schools willing to play matches 
out of school time {even taking 
.into account ieachers' industrial 
action): and that the standard of 
ILEA wickets generally, although 
there are notable exceptions, is so 
Mow that pupils have difficult)- in 
‘learning the fundamentals of the 
game. Batting and fielding are 
often a lottery and bowlers take 
wickets they don't deserve. 

A further observation we would 
make is that little time is given to 
cricket at primary schools: this 

If that be so. many young fives 
which otherwise might be ruined 
by these cruelly lethal drags may 
well be saved by the Malaysians 
carrying through these executions, 
in the teeth of outraged liberal 

The Times is therefore right to 
advise those Western govern- 
ments who seek to stamp out the 
menace of drags to be chary about 
condemning the legal processes of 
a respected Commonwealth part- 
ner whose people are severely 
afflicted by hard drag addiction. 

Yours. ’ 


House of Commons. 

From Professor Brice Pitt 
Sir. Referring to the execution of 
Kevin Barlow and Brian Cham- 
bers. vour editorial remarks that 
“misgivings about the severity of 

the sentence must be 

swallowed". . 

The appalling anguish inflicted 
on these men during a period of 
2Vi years, during which they must 
have endured agonies of suspense 
about tire possibility of a reprieve. 
and the haste with which they 
were finally despatched while the 
constitution of the pardons board 
in Penang was being challenged, 
show a ruthless inhumanity which 
far transcends even the hypotheti- 
cal consequences of their serious 

1 find. Sir. that my misgivings 
choke me. 

Yours faithfully. 


8 Palmers Hill. 



July 8. 

From Mr Alistair McCracken 
Sir. 1 hope that those people who 
have protested to fee Malaysian 
authorities over the hanging of 
two heroin smugglers have also 
written to the Governors of those 
American States which implement 
the death penalty. 

Yours faithfully. 
alistair McCracken. 

S Myrtle Grove. 



Tyne and Wear. 

July 8. 

home for two thirds of fee year as 
a preparation for vocational train- 
ing at university. 

There is no reason why fee Slate 
should not take up two thirds of 
fee places available leaving the 
other third to the operation of fee 
market forces so dear to the heart 
of our present administration, 
with their decadent belief that 

? rice measures value. 

'ours faithfully. 


University of Cambridge Clinical 

Department of Paediatrics* 
Addenbrooke’s Hospital. 

Hills Road. Cambridge. 

Academic salaries 

From the Parliamentary Under- 
secretary of State. Department of 
Education and Science 
Sir. Sir Edward Parkes’s letter of 
July 9 may have misled some of 
your readers. Far from reneging on 
earlier promises, my letter of July 
4 to the Chairman of fee Commit- 
tee of Vice-Chancellors and Prin- 
cipals specifically stated: 

We shall of course honour Keith 
Joseph's undertaking to give the 
universities no less favourable treat- 
ment than the hospital and commu- 
nity health services. 

Sir Edward is right in saying that 
fee universities have not yet 
received extra funds. That is 
because we have not yet detcr- 
. mined the amount of additional 
grant to be paid. It will depend on 
the levels of the pay settlements 
yet to be readied for clinical and 
non-dinical academic staff. 

We stand ready to sign a cheque 
once fee size of the bil) is 

Yours sincerely. 


Department of Education and 

Elizabeth House. 

York Road. SEI. 

July 9. 

government expenditure generally 
is restricted and. in the case of fee 
council, there are many other 
competing demands. 

The council is concerned not 
merely to improve fee present 
state of the walls but also to ensure 
their preservation in the longer 

The council has been making, 
and will continue to make, every 
effort to improve fee state of the 
walls inducting use of various 
manpower schemes and is hopeful 
that a long-term solution can be 
found very shortly. 

Yours faithfully. 


District Secretary*. 

Purbeck District Council. 

Westport house. 

Wareham. Dorset. 

July 4. 

seriously afferts the level of cricket 
in secondary scnools. 

Cricket at national and county 
level will not improve until we 
address ourselves seriously to the 
"grassroots" level of the game- in 
the schools. 

Yours faithfully. 

A. D. W. G.AR VIE (Headmaster). 
A WHITE (master i/c 1st XI 

J. S. THOMAS, (master i/c 

Westminster CUv School. 

Palace Street. SWL 
July 4. 

Fro m the Headm a si er of 
BcUcmoor School 
Sir. On Wednesday. July 2. boys 
and staff from this comprehensive 

Doubts on basis 
of UGC ratings 

From Professor Michael Zander 
Sir. Our law department was one 
of those favoured by a star as 
“outstanding" in the recently pub- 
lished UGC ratings for research. It 
may seem surprising -as well as 
churlish, therefore, that I am 
writing to suggest that the exercise 
must be deemed to be wholly 
lacking in intellectual credibiliv. 

The UGCs research into fee 
relative merits of research in law 
departments seems to have been 
based largely on fee reading of fee 
very brief (two-to-tbree page) re- 
ports which we were asked to 
submit Inevitably such self-serv- 
ing statements emphasise 
strengths and minimise short- 

At fee end of our report we were 
requested to specify five titles of 
books or articles published since 
1980 which were Typical of fee 
best of the research in fee 

Considering that during the 
period members of an ordinary 
sized department would have 
published dozens of books and 
hundreds of articles.' a sample of 
five seems so small as to be 
completely arbitrary and unrepre- 
sentative. But fee weakness of this 
method of proceeding is consid- 
erably compounded since it has 
been learnt that those responsible 
for making the assessments for the 
UGC did not haw fee time to read 
the works listed. 

If they were not to be read, why 
were we asked to list only five 
titles? For that matter, if they were 
not to be read, why were we asked 
for any titles at all? 

Accountability of university 
departments and scrutiny of what 
they* do in the research field seems 
both legitimate and potentially 
valuable. But if it is to be done, let 
it be done property and after 
consultations wife fee academic 
community. That fee reputation 
of institutions should be made or. 
even more, marred by the results 
of such spurious “peer review" is a 
public scandaL 
Yours faifefullv. 


The London School of Economics 
and Political Science. 

Law Department. 

Houghton Street. WC2. 


US aid to Contras 

From Mrs Faith Tolkien 
Sir. The ruling of the International 
Court of Justice in The Hague that 
US aid to fee anu-Sandinista 
Contras in Nicaragua is in viola- 
tion of international law and that 
fee US is liable to pay reparation 
to Nicaragua for damage already 
done must noi go unremarked. 

The US rejection of fee court's 
authority in 1984 when the case 
was brought is now reaffirmed by 
the sending of S 100 million in aid 
to the Contras. 

The consequences of this are 
obviously appalling for Nicaragua: 
fee war will escalate and the 
people's deprivation and 
sufferings will multiply. But fee 
implications are far wider and 
even those who are quite un- 
interested Hi the fate of Nicaragua 
should pay attention. Freedom 
and liberty, as extolled in the 
celebrations around fee lady's 
statue, bare no substance if law’ is 
broken and “might is right". 

Civilisation depends on respect 
for this fragile value: each time it 
is broken — like fee shattering of 
fee beautiful conch in The Lord of 
the Flies — we are all endangered 
by the barbarism that breaks iL 
Yours faithfully. 


28 Church Sum. 

Watiington. Oxford. 

July 3. 

The wrong laurel 

From Mr R. J. Kenyon 
Sir. It is to be hoped that "do-it- 
yourself cooking enthusiasts do 
hot kill themselves and their 
guests by using the recipe for aigo 
houlido given in Mr Peter Brown's 
travel article (July 5. page 10). 

An infusion containing laurel 
leaves would be poisonous indeed. 
What the French and Spanish 
refer to as laurel is known as “bay" 
in English. 

Yours faithfully. 

Seychelles Farm. 



Nr Newton Abbot. South Devon. 
July 5. 

Open to view 

From Lord Kilbracken 
Sir. It appears not to have 
occurred to Mr Roger Musgrave 
(July 7) that the way he “pushed 
through fee cosmopolitan crowd" 
and presented his purchases 
“without saving a word" may 
have been precisely what gave 
away his race. 

Yours faithfully. 


House of Lords. 

school watched proudly as our 
cricketers received an award from 
the sponsors of the County 
Championship. We had been 
voted Hampshire's outstanding 
cricketing school. 

Later, over a coffee in my studv. 
Rajesh Mara. Hampshire's left- 
arm spinner, asked our dedicated 
cricket master. "Where do you 

"On the playground: we don't 
have a pitch", came fee reply. 
Perhaps there is a moral some- 

Yours faithfully. 

R. A BRENT. Headmaster. 
Bellemoor School. 

Benemoor Road. 




-JULY 11 1834 

This leading article epitomizes the 
■ rigour — often brutal — of The 
Times under die editorship (181 7- 
41 j of Thomas Barnes: it map in 
fact have been written by him. 
Melbourne succeeded Grey, but 
resigned in Socemberand the 
opposition / Tory) party formed a 
government: Peel becameprime 
minister, but not before Barnes 
had hid down the conditions 
under which he would support the 
new ministry, prompting Lord 
Chancellor Lynakurst to exclaim, 
"B7j\ Barnes is the most powerful 

man in the country". 


In our article yesterday upon the 
embarrassing condition of the 
Government, we took the opportu- 
nity of referring to a statement 
which we find that his Lordship 
has since repealed, to the effect 
that the only resignations of office 
which had yet taken place were 
those of Lord GREY and Lord 
ALTHORP: the obvious conclu- 
sion from which, as indeed it was 
put forth distinctly by Lord 
BROUGHAM, must be. that mi- 
nus only the late Premier and the 
late CHANCELLOR of the EX- 
CHEQUER. the Government was 
still perfect in all its parts, while 
the tacit conclusion rather left to 
be drawn by others than directly 
annunciated by the noble and 
learned Lord himsetf. was. that 
with the simple substitution of 
another chief, and another leader 
of the House of Commons, the 
same Cabinet might do very well as 
it stood (or stands), and all this 
disturbance be settled without 
further difficulty and without any 
evil consequences . . . 

Such being the fact, our com- 
ment is. that we are moat deeply 
mortified, grieved, and alarmed, to 
hear it- Considering the circum- 
stances under which the Cabinet 
which reckoned Lords GREY and 
ALTHORP among its members, 
has for some time past attempted 
to struggle, and in the midst of 
which these noble lords resigned, 
nothing is more obvious than that 
a clean sweep of the whole Admin- 
istration has become absolutely 
indispensable. The rubbish must 
be wheeled away to the last 
barrwfuU before any sure founda- 
tion can be laid for a new building. 
Good God! are we to have another 
downright fraud passed upon the 
rightful expectations of the coun- 
try? Are we to have putty and 
whitewash laid over “lath and 
plaster", and then told that such an 
edifice will stand the hurricane of 
rhw»B like these? . . . 

Why. iL after the retreat of Mr. 
STANLEY and the rest, the last 
attempt at reconstruction out of 
the old unsound materials was 
condemned and scorned as a piece 
of miserable drivelling, how much 
worse would the case be now. when 
Lords GREY and ALTHORP are 
to be added to the losses of the 
same Administration? . . . We 
have said that any new Cabinet, 
framed for public esteem and 
confidence, must be at least as 
liberal as Lord GREY"s. We recall 
the expression — it must be more 
liberal: it must rid itself effectually 
of that more than half-Tory sec- 
tion which has for these two 
sessions of Parliament paralyzed 
and disabled the best efforts of its 
more patriotic and enlightened 
colleagues. Lord LANSDOWNE. 
bolstered up as he was in youth by a 
system of sedulous preceptorship — 
by the antic i pat i ons of those herds 
of flatterers who besieged the 
noble Lord’s father — die politi- 
cal MAECENAS of some certain 
coteries — and by the favour and 
countenance of Mr. Fox: — Lord 
LANSDOWNE. we say - and we 
do so in the discharge of a stem 
duty to our countrymen — Lord 
LANSDOWNE is a total failure. 
He is not a bold, determined, or 
strenuous statesman. He has no 
sympathies with the spirit of 
manly and resolute reform. He has 
headed the Conservatives through- 
out. and through his influence in a 
quarter which shall be nameless, he 
it was who saddled upon the 
country a personage of whose 
merits the noble Marquis has 
formed a judgement which is the 
admiration of all lookers-on — to 
wit. the wise Lord AUCKLAND! 
Yet there are dolts who would 
actually obtrude Lord 
LANSDOWNE (of all men living!) 
for Prime Minister after Lord 
GREY, whose very weaknesses are 
more estimable than the other's 
strength, exhibiting, as they do. a 
high mind and a generous spirit. 
Lord LANSDOWNE*S own pro- 
motion to the rank of Premier 
might be of a piece with the scheme 
of a “ Coalition Cabinet, “which we 
have for many months know to be a 
favourite chimera of the Court. 

. . . Two of our c o n tempora ries 
— one a morning, the other an 
evening, journal — are pushing 
claims of as many individuals to 
high consideration as candidates 
for prominent office. The Morning 
Chronicle takes Lord DURHAM, 
for whom we have often declared 
our own goodwill, as a liberal 
statesman. The Courier will have it 
that Lord ALTHORP ought to be 
Prime Minister . . . 

Filtering through 

From Mr A. R. F. Carter 
Sir. It was not til] just lately that it 
finally hit me that we are indeed 
part of a Common Market Last 
week I purchased a new air filter 
for my French— made "British" 
car: the filter was marketed under 
a German brand name, and 
manufactured in Spain. 

A less humorous postscript is 
feat for some 12 weeks the same 
filter type had been on order from 
a British company. Finally in 
desperation ihe dealer ordered the 
identical part from a German 
company, who delivered it in two 

Yours failhfaUv. 


49 Lansdown Road. 

Sitlingboume. Kent 









July 10 : Mr Roger Westbrook 
was received in audience by The 
Queen and kissed hands upon 
his appointment as British High 
Commissioner to Brunei 

Mr R. J. O'Neill was received 
in audience by The Queen and 
kissed hands upon his appoint- 
ment as Her Majesty’s Ambas- 
sador Extraordinary and 
Plenipotentiary at Vienna. 

Mrs O'Neill had the honour 

ess of Snowdon Tor Canada and 
bade farewell to Her Royal 
Highness on behalf of Her 

July 10: The Prince of Wales. 
President, The Royal Air Forces 
Association, this morning at 
Kensington Palace received the 
Life Vice-President (Air Chief 
Marshal Sir John Aiken). 

Afterwards His Royal High- 
ness received the First Sea Lord 
(Admiral Sir William Stave! ey). 

July 10: The Princess Margaret. 
Countess of Snowdon, left 
Heathrow Airport. London this 
afternoon in an aircraft of Air 

* Mr?, rss , Ca S£ M £^fm‘ nco ™ T - 

Ambassador Extraordinary and 
Plenipotentiary at Baghdad) and 
Mrs Clark had the honour of 
being received by The Queen. 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh gave an Afternoon 
Party in the Garden of Bucking- 
ham Palace. 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother. The Prince and Prin- 
cess of Wales, The Princess 
Anne. Mrs Mark Phillips and 
Captain Mark Phillips. Princess 
Alice. Duchess of Gloucester 
and The Duke and Duchess of 
Gloucester were present. 

Her Majesty's Body Guard of 
the Honourable Corps of 
Gentlemen-at-Arms and The 
Queen's Body Guard of the 
Yeoman of the Guard were on 

The Bands of the Scots 
Guards and The Argyll and 
Sutherland Highlanders (Prin- 
cess Louise's) played selections 
of music during the afternoon. 

The Queen, attended by the 
Right Hon Nicholas Edwards. 
MP (Secretary of Slate for 
Wales; Minister-in- Attendance), 
Mrs John Dugdale, the Right 
Hon Sir William Hesehine and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Blair Stew- 
art- Wilson. left Euston Station 
in the Royal Train this evening 
for Wales. 

The Prince Andrew, 
accompanied by Miss Sarah 
Ferguson, viewed an exhibition 
of His Royal Highness's photo- 
graphs at the Royal Albert Hall 

Wing Commander Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 

By command of The Queen, 
the Viscount Long (Lord in 
Waiting) was present at 
Heathrow Airport. London this 
afternoon upon the departure of 
The Princess Margaret. Count- 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived at the Airport by Mr 
Michael Phillips ( r ep r esenting 
the Canadian High Commis- 
sioner). Mr Peter Baldry (Air- 
port Services Manager, Air 
Canada) and Mr John Field 
(Deputy Director (Engineering) 
British Airports Authority). 

Mrs Elizabeth Blair, Major 
The Lord Napier and Etmck 
and Captain Jeffrey Foss were in 

July 10: The Duke and Duchess 
of Gloucester were present this 
evening at “The Green Heritage 
Ball" at Osterley Park House. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Simon 
Bland and Mrs Euan 
McCorquodale were in 

July 10: The Duke of Kent, 
President today attended The 
Duke of York's Royal Military 
School's Grand Day at Dover. 

Captain Michael Campbell- 
Lamerton was in attendance. 
July 10: Princess Alexandra, 
Patron, this afternoon received 
Sir Timothy Bevan. Chairman 
of the Ocean Youth Club. 

In the evening. Her Royal 
Highness and the Hon Angus 
Ogiivy were present at the 
European Chanty Premiere of 
the film The Color Purple, in aid 
of the Hospitals for Sick Chil- 
dren Great Ormond Street and 
the Variety Gub of Great 
Britain, at the Empire Theatre, 
Leicester Square. 

Mis Peter Afia was in 

A memorial service for Mr Jim 
Laker will be held in Southwark 
Cathedral today at 1 1 JO am. 

School announcements 

Eton College 

Summer Half at Eton College 
ends today. There are 240 boys 
leaving including the captain of 
school. R. T. Harley, KS. and 
the captain of the Oppidans, the 
Hon E G. Lennox-Boyd, OS. Dr 
J. P. Oayton. the school doctor, 
and Mr J. Pinches are retiring. 

The House IVs were won by 
Dr D. Harrison's, who also 
retained the Aquatics Cup. In 
the final of the house cricket Mr 
J. N. B. Cook’s defeated Mr T. 
L. Holden's by 12 runs. 

Michaelmas Half begins on 
September 10. 

City of London School 
Summer Term at City of Lon- 
don School ends today. The 
1986 school charity appeal 
raised over £24.000 for the 
British Heart Foundation. An- 
drew Smith has been selected as 
one of the six members of the 
British team for the Inter- 
national Mathematical Olym- 
piad. The senior water-polo 
team won the English Schools 
Championships for the second 
year in succession: the captain. 
Jerome Read, is a member of 
the England Under-20 Team. 
Two or the school's fencers 
(both members of the British 
Under-20 Team) have won 

Sabre Championships: Ben 
Liebelt is British Schoolboys 
Champion and Public Schools 
Junior Champion, and Damon 
Bristow is Public Schools Senior 

The school moves in August 
to newly-built premises on a 
riverside site in the City, and the 
Autumn Term begins there on 
September IS. The address of 
the new school is Queen Vic- 
toria Street, London EC4V 3AL, 
(01-489 0291). 

Westminster Cathedral 
Choir School 

Summer Term ends for the 
school today after the annual 
concert and distribution of 
prizes at St John’s. Smith 
Square, by the Cardinal Arch- 
bishop of Westminster, chair- 
man of governors, and for the 
choristers after vespers on Sun- 
day, July 13. 

Choristers leaving this term 
have won music scholarships to 
Ampleforth (1), The Oratory (3) 
and Stonyhursi (3). Jama Mar- 
tin has won both music and 
academic awards to St Paul's. 

Michaelmas Term begins on 
September 1 1 and the induction 
of new choristers will take place 
during vespers on Sunday. 
September 21. 


Company of Watermen and 

The Lord Mayor and Lady 
Mayoress attended a luncheon 
given by the Company of Water- 
men and Lightermen at 
Watermen's Hall yesterday. Mr 
D. J. Piper. Master, presided. 

assisted by Sir Geoffrey Pea- 
cock. Mr R. G. Crouch. Mr M. J. 
Turk and Mr J. G. Adams, 
wardens- Among others present 

viscount and viscountess 
Lteuteiunl-Cokwtei SI J C Br ooke 
Johnson. Mr and Mr* Geoffrey 
Knollv*. (hr Ret Dr B AC and Mrs 
Kirk- Duncan, the Rn P Delaney and 

M n T Flavin. 


Marquess of Tavistock 
The Marquess of Tavistock 
entertained guests and Kennedy 
scholars at a reception in the 
House of Lords to commemo- 
rate the anniversary of the 
Kennedy Awards and in honour 
of the departing scholars for 

M^Soffre^^^Minister for 
Information Technology, yes- 
terday launched the new 
commerical property FOCUS 
database at a reception given by 
Property Intelligence Limited at 
the Royal Institution of Char- 
tered Surveyors. Mr Jonathan 
Stone, chairman, and Mr Mi- 
chael Nicholson, managing 
director received the guests. 
Among those present were 
commercial property agents and 
representatives of investment 
institutions and the business 

Service reception 


Officers of the Women's Royal 
Army Corps gave a reception at 
the Banqueting House. White- 
hall yesterday. Brigadier Anne 
Reid. Deputy Controller Com- 
mandant. WRAC, and Brigadier 
H. G. Meechie, DWRAC, re- 
ceived the guests. 


Bakers' Company 
The Lord Mayor and the Lady 
Mayoress, accompanied by the 
Sheriffs and their ladies, at- 
tended a dinner given by the 
Bakers' Company at Guildhall 
yesterday, to celebrate the 
quincentenary of the granting of 
the company's charter by Henry 
VII in I486. The Master, Mr. 
John D. Copeman, presided, 
assisted by the Wardens. Mr 
Charles R. Sawyer. Mr Roy B. 
Tiley. Mr Frederick J. Bentley 
ami Mr John E. Kirby. Mr T. 
Edward Beale. Sir Godfrey Tay- 
lor. Chairman of the London 
Residuary Body, and Mr Peter 
Miller, Chairman of Lloyd's, 
also spoke. Among others 
present were; 

The Rise i Rev Maurice Wood. 
Judge Sir James Mtskin. QC. me 
Maser of the Grocers' Company. Uie 
Carter Principal King of Arms. (He 
Chief Commoner, the President of the 
Bakers' Benevolent Society and Uie 
president of (he National Association 
of Master Bakers. 

74 Club 

Mr Robert Adley, MP. and Mr 
Patrick McNair- Wilson. MP, 
Joint Presidents of the 74 Gub. 
with Mr Paul Jackson, chair- 
man. entertained Mr Kenneth 
Clarice, QC, MP, and members 
of the club at dinner yesterday at 
the House of Commons, to 
mark the anniversary of the 
founding of the dub. 

Coningsby Chib 
Viscount White law. CH. was the 
guest of honour at the annual 
dinner of the Coningsby Gub 
held last night at the Carlton 
Gub. Mr Jonathan Baker 

Edward JEnfanan, Su r v e yor s 
The Partners ofEdward Erdman 
held a dinner on Wednesday, 
July 9. at the inn on the Park 
Hotel, London W|, in honour of 
the firm's founder, Mr E L 
Erdman. to celebrate his 80th 
birthday on July 4. Lord 
Wolfson, proposed the toast, 
and others present included 
Lord McAlpine of Moffat and 
Sir Robert Bellinger. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr R.C. iBrasssrd 
and Miss S. Welch 
The engagement is announced 

between Richard, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs H. Forbes 
aBrassard. of Shipston-on- 
Siour. Warwickshire, and 
Sandy, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Charles Welch, of Mere. 

Mr G-A-B. Andrew 
aad Miss EJM. Morrison 
The engagement is announced 
between -Guy. son of the late 
Commander B. J. B. Andrew 
and of Mrs Andrew, of 
Winchelsed. East Sussex, and 
EJspexh. elder daughter of the 
late Lieutenant-Colonel S. P. 
Morrison and of Mrs Morrison, 
of Bath. 

Mr K.P. Barnett 
and Miss &M. Cohen 
The engagement is announced 
between Keith, son of Mr and 
Mrs Brian . Barnett, of Kenton, 
Middlesex, to Suzanne, elder 
daughter of Rabbi Dr and Mrs 
Jeffrey Cohen, of Kenton, 

Mr T. Baynes 
and Miss S. Solly 
The engagement is announced 
between -Tim. son of Mr and 
Mrs • Bill Baynes, of Feering, 
Essex, and Sian, younger daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs W. G. Sully, 
of Beaconsfield. 

Mr DC. Beaudand 
and Miss J-A- GambDu 
The engagement is announced 
between David, only son of Mrs 
Christine Beanland. of 
Chesham. and Julia, youngest 
daughter of the late Mr Philip 
Gamblin and of Mrs June 
Gamblin. of Oxford. 

Mr NJELB. Brown 
and Miss CS. Parr 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, second son of 
Commander and Mrs F. E. B. 
Brown, of Oxford, and Caroline, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs S. R. 
Parr, of Stoke Poges, 

Mr DA. CoOet 

and First Officer SJE. Craig, 

The engagement is announced 
between David, elder son' of the 
late Mr R. A. Collet and of Mrs 
Jean Collet, of Epsom, and 
Elizabeth, elder daughter of the 
late Surgeon Commander and 
Mrs D. D. Craig, of Grianin 
Grove. Chichester, and step 
daughter of Mis Elsie Craig, of 

Mr G-A. Harrison 
and Miss J.A. Stacey 
The engagement is announced 
between- Guy Harrison, of 
Kingston, and Jacqueline 
Stacey, of Richmond. Surrey. 

Dr ItA. Kemp 

and Miss GA- Fenttnn 
The engagement is announced 
between Rob. son Of Mrs D. M. 
Kemp and the late Mr H. E. W. 
Kemp, of Brightiingsea. Essex, 
and 'Carina, daughter ofMrand 
Mrs K. S. B. Fen turn, of 
Rotherfiekl, Sussex. 

Mr I. Locke 
and Miss EJ. Dettmer 
The marriage arranged between 
Ian. son ot Mr and Mrs W. 
Locke of Howlong. South 
Australia, and Jane, only dai 
ter of Mr and Mis Don 
Detimer of Wdkem Min 
House, Walkem. Hertfordshire, 
will take place on September 20. 
1986. at the Sebd Town House. 
Sydney. Australia. 

Mr R.W. Moore 
and Miss J J. Davis 
The engagement is announced 
between Robin, twin son of Mr 
and Mrs. W. A- Moore, of 
Ockley. Surrey, and Jenny, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs K. G. 
Davis, of West Horsley. Surrey. 
Mr GC.A. Neale 
aad Miss L.M. Lowell 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, son of the 
late Mr Charles Neale and Mis 
Allan Guthrie; of In&iston 
House, Wentworth, Surrey, and 
Lorraine, elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs John Lowell, of St 
Julians, Malta. GG 
Mr N. Pearce 
and Miss CrMindel 
The engagement is announced 
between Nic, son of Mr and Mrs 
Cyril Pearce, of Saffron 
Waldron, and Caroline, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mis Jimmy 
MindeL of London. 

Mr JJVLT. Slade 
and Miss ML Bateman 
The engagement is announced 
between John, son of Mr and 
Mis A. C T. Slade, of 
Emsworth, Hampshire and Lou- 
isa, daughter of Mr and Mis 
Jack Bateman, of The Quaives, 
Wickham breaux. 

Mr J.H. Webb 
and Dr ILA. Robinson 
The engagement is announced 
between John, son of the laic 
Arthur H. Webb of Great Brom- 
ley, Essex, and Mrs Judith Moy, 
of Oakham, Rutland, and Ka- 
ren. daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Harold Robinson, of 
Christleton. Chester. 



Pragmatic leadership of North Vietnam 

Le Doan, secretary general 
of the Vietnamese Commu- 
nist Party who succeeded Ho 
Chi Minh in 1969 and led 
North Vietnam to victory- in. 
the Vietnam War, died yester- 
day. He was 78. 

Like most of the elderly 
Hanoi leadership, Duan’s 
hardline attitudes were bred in . 
long years of fighting: first die 
French and then : the 
Americans.. ' 

He was born on April ?,. 
1 907. the son of a carpenter in 
Quang Tri province (now 
absorbed in Binh Tri Thien 
province). After formal 
schooling, his first job was as a 
clerk with the French Rail- 
ways in Hanoi in the 1920s. 

Le Duan lived in South 
Vietnam until' 1957 before 
moving to the North. He 
joined the Indochinese. Com- 
munist Party, the forerunner 
of the Vietnamese Commu- 
nist Party, at its inception in 
1930. A year later, he was 
already in sharp conflict with - 
the authorities and spent a 
number of years in prison for 
political activities. - 
On his release, he returned 
to his work as a member of the 
Party. Four years 'later, when 
the French took official action 
against the. Patty, he was 
arrested and again incarcerat- 
ed. - 

Once free, Le Duan rose 
through the Party ranks. He 
was a firm supporter of deci- 
sive action, and in the 1950$ 
persuaded Hanoi to apply 
military pressure on Sooth 
Vietnam, laying the seeds of 
terrorism from which grewthe 

United States military in- 
volvement in the region. ' 

Oh; the death of Ho Chi 
Minh in 1969, he emerged as 
the effective Party leader and 
assumed, without dissent, the 
reins of power, although he 
never assumed . his 
predecessor's title of 
“chairman". With ruthless 
and single-minded intent, he 
then led his country to victory 
against, the American-backed. 

It was a Conflict that left a 
ravaged country m ils wake; 
and.; when north and south 
were reunified at the end of 
tire war m 1975. he advocated 
piecework and product-based 
wages in an attempt to revive 
the economy and feed the 
starving masses. 

' It was a policy which he 
described as "a progressive 

mode of remuneration which ' 
conforms to the socialist prin- 
ciple of distribution according 
to the work; done”, and h was • 
in large measure responsible 
for Vietnam achieving food > 
self-sufficiency for the first \ 
time in the 1982/83 crop year. 1 
. Despite his revolutionary ‘ 
background., when faced with. ' 
social and economic difficult / 
ties Le Duan wsa pragmatist.- f 
He was alsoa nnn advocate o£ > 
coHectrve leadership, insofar \ 

as - he appointed' his own" f 
' protegfc to .important post- \ 
.tions. It was consensus leader-" 1 
ship of sorts which had titer 
practical , effect of not giving, 

Le Duan an entirely freehand.^ 

He came under increasing 
criticism for his- handling of' 
the economy, particularly the 
disastrous currency reforms 
introduced last September^, 
but despite creeping ill health 
in recent years, he main ta in ed: 
hjs firm hold on the. Party. ~ 

Le Duan was a tough leaded 
and a vocal critic of Western 
imperialism. His pro-Soviet 
leanings took him to Moscow 
in 1971 a visit which resulted ' 
in the signing of the Friend- 
ship Treaty. . . ,'i 

Eschewing any “personality . 
cult” he remained a shadowy.’ , 
figure, deliberately shunning 1 
publicity and with a discon-, 
certing . ■ habit of 
"disappearing" for weeks on 
end.. He did continue to 
deliver, major, if rare, policy, 
speeches,. and his Politburos 
confidence in him was denn 
onstrated with his re-election; 
as secretary general at the' 
Party’s Fifth Congress 
March, 1982. 




Mr NJi. Rose 
and Miss N.D. Boyd 
The marriage took place on May 
31, in Montreal at Christ 
Church Cathedral b et we e n Mr 
Nicholas Hyla Rose, only son of 
Mr and Mrs Edward Rose, and 
Miss Nicola Dorothy Boyd, 
younger daughter of Mrand Mrs 
Michael Boyd 
Dr AJ> J Streeten 
and Miss HJ5. Mynors 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. June 14. at the Colle- 
giate Church of St Mary. War- 
wick. between Dr Anthony D. F. 
Streeten. only son of the late Mr 
H. F. F. Streeten and of Mrs 
Francis Streeten, of Tunbridge 
Wells, and Miss Siriol Mynors, 
younger daughter of the late Mr 
J. M. Mynors and of Mrs John 
Mynors, of Hunningham. 

Mr CJLS. Thabron 
and Miss V. Bahl Jobs 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. June 28. at Ordrnp, 
Kirke, Copenhagen, between Mr 
Christopher Thubron, elder son 
of Dr and Mrs R. S. Thubron, of 
Whitburn, Co Durham, and 
Miss VIbeke Buhl Jensen, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs E. V. 
Buhl Jensen, of Elby, 

University news 


Professor John Toye has been 
appointed director of the In- 
stitute of Development Studies, 
in succession to Professor Mi- 
chael Faber. 

Birthdays today 

Sir Geoffrey Agnew, 78; Air 
Marsha] Sir Leslie Bower, 77; 
Mr Robert Compton, 64; Mr 
Peter de Savary, 42; Sir Kenneth 
Jones. QC 76; Mqor-Geoerai E. 
S. Lindsay, 81; Dame Margaret 
Miles, 75; Sir John Rothenstein, 
85; Admiral Peter Stanford, 57; 
Dr Derek Stevenson, 75; Mr 
John Stride. 50; Mr Gough 
Whitlam, QC 70. 

Heatwave Ball 

The Heatwave Ball is being held 
at Grosvenor House. Wl, on 
July 16. Tickets are available 
from Sightline Oi-262 0191. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

£4 a Km -f 15% VAT 

(minimum 3 lines) 

Anno m KXTO CTlS . « Hbc mi c « Ed by the 
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or tekphoned (by telephone art>v- 
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Announcements on be received by 
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5.30pm Monday to Friday, an Satur- 
day between imam ana 12 noon. 
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Please allow m hast 48 bourn before 

Put on men. «s Coal drawn one*, holy 
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lowtisHna. mmfcness and pati ence. 

12 IBS.V.I 


ALEXANDER - On Juty 8m. to Ham tsh 
ana Belinda inde Francis), a son. Ar- 
chie. a brother to Martha. 

COUE - On July 7 th. to Sue <n*e 
vorembera) and Jonathan, a third 
beautiful daughter. 

COLUNSOn 10th July at St Thomas*, 
to Anna r«Me CrttcMey) and Tommy, 
a daughter Eleanor, a sister tor Ance. 

COLTMAN - On 7th July, lo Margaret 
and Matthew, a son. Edward Chris- 
topher. a brother (or William. 

COOPER • On 1 st July at Queen 
Mary's Hospital. Roehampton. lo 
Timor and Monica tnde Btatchfonn. 
a son. Timothy Trevor Alwyn. a 
brother (or Edward. 

CUMMMO - On 7th July, to Lynda 
(Me Knlghu and Duncan, a daugh- 
ter. Fiona Elizabeth, a sister for 

MffiLL - On 8 th July at the 
Whittington Hospital- North London, 
to Elzbteta rate wiensz-KowaMca) 
and Robert, a daughter. JwmeUne 

DASH On lBth June to Jim and Wen- 
dy. a son Dantef. a brother lo Isabella 
and Samuel. 

EDCELL - On 8 th July, to Janie (Me 
Darling) and Richard, a daughter. 
Laura Jane Natalie. 

EVANS - On June 26th at Si. Albans 
City Hospital- to CttarioOe anti Jona- 
than. a son. Ben Brain. 

HARRIS - To Joceun and Cherry Uiee 
Ktach) on oth July, a daughler. 
AJanna Julia, a sister for Holty- 

HEMtfE - On July TUI. at Queen 
Charlotte's Hospital. u> Fiona and 
Mare, a daughter. Fleur Alexandra 

JACKSON - On 9th July, at Si. 
Thomas' Hospital to Anne (nee 
DewhursO and Andrew, a son. Wil- 
liam Edward; 

r AAMXGStTH On 7th 
July at Dumfries, lo Mary, wire or 
Sir Alec, a daughter. KIrsty Sybil. 

UME ■ On 10 th July, at Princess Anne 
HospIlaL Southampton, to Btrgttta 
(Me Wachtmetsterj and Timothy- a 
daughter. Felicia. 

MAJOR • (hi 1 st July, to Anunanda 
mee SheppanO and David, a son. Al- 
exander Leo. 

MARTYN ■ On 7m Juty. 1986 10 
k'edrun (Laurie) and Nicholas, a son. 
Edward Rafe. a brother for Harriet. 

MEUNIER - On 5th Juty. to Susan (Me 
Pearce) and Peter, a son. Jonathan 

PUXON • On July 8 th. to Bridget (Me 
Groves) and PauL a son. Peter Ed- 
ward. brother to Elizabeth. 

RAGOL-LEVY On 2nd July 1986 at 
Greenwich District Hospital, to Mi- 
chelle (Me Abraham) and Jonathan, 
a daughter. Deborah Sharon. 

SPBtO . on 8 th July at west London 
Hospital, to Kdtn.tnie Beaumont) 
and Anthony, a son. Simon George, 
a brother for Nicola and Kate. 

TOWNSEND - On June 20th. 1986 at 
the Bristol Maternity Hospital, to 
Abra. a son. Dominic Ashley. 

VON DER KEYDE ■ On July 8 th to 
Alethea and PauL a son. OUver H. S.. 

a brother for Sophie. 

WKZELL - On July 8 th. lo Rtdannon 
and Stephen, a son. Hugh Stephen 
George, a brother for Alexander. 

WILLS - On ath July, al Kingston Hos- 
pital. to Andrew and GUI (Me Brace), 
a son. Thomas David. 

WOOLFENDEH ON Z7th June 1986 lo 
Christine (net McOanagh) and PauL 
at Rash Crren HOHrttal a son Christo- 
pher PauL a brother for Amy Louise. 


ASHWM - On Juty 9th. 1986. sudden- 
ly. Adrta Hannah, aged 79. widow of 
Philip and mother of Elizabeth. Da- 
vid. John. Vincent and Mary. 
Funeral at Sandford Oreas Church 
on Monday. July 14th at 2.00 pm. 
Family Dowers only. Donations, tf 
desired, lo Save the Children Fund. 

8&LAM On July 7th suddenly whilst 
on holiday In PonugaL John Bertran 
BHlam C.B . D.F.C. Loved husband 
of Mary and Esther of Pete and 
Rosemary- Formerly SaUcUor. De- 
p artro em of EmploymenL 

BUXTON Robert wiBIpn Charles 
Offord - On ICXh July, gently at 
home, after a courageous battle. De- 
feated In body, bui never In spiriL 
Dear husband of Frances and loving 
father of Richard and Julia. Enaui- 
rtes to Ginns & Guttertdge Ltd. 
Funeral Directors of Leicester. 0S33 
561 17. 

CALVERT - On July 7th. peacefully at 
Marcris House Private Noising 
Home. They don Bots. Phym* aged 
81. widow of Leonard of Fern Craft. 
Pleshey. Chelmsford (formerly of 
MaggotsL Funeral Service al Holy 
Trinity Chinch. Pleshey on Monday. 
July 24th al 12 noon. Cremation at 
Chetmsftord. Flowers I garden pre- 
ferred! or d o na ti o ns lo Chest. Heart 
and Stroke Association. Tavistock 
House North. Tavistock Square. Lon- 
don wci 9JE. 

COCKBURN - On July 9 Ul Margaret, 
wife of Denison, mother of Stan. Al- 
exander and Simon. Funeral Service 
at Cheltenham Crematorium on 
Wednesday. July 16Ui al 2J0 pm. 
Flowers to Selim Smith & Co- Chel- 
tenham or donations to .the 
Alzheimer* Disease Society. Bank. 
BuUdtngs. Fulham Broadway. Lon- 
don SW 6 1EP. 

On Jtdy 9th. Ellen de 
Jong, beloved widow of Jakob, 
mother of Jaap. Marthe and Emmy, 
grandmother and great granny- Fu- 
neral at 2-30 pra on lSth July at SL 
Mary the Virgin. Kferkhy Lonsdale. 
FLOWER Tony, beloved husband of 
win. Aged 59. Suddenly at home. 
July 9th- Funeral to be arranged at 

GUERIN Evelyn Ida. aged 92. Latterly 
of Bradfond-on-Avon. peacefully af- 
ter long in ness stoically borne, much 
loved mother, grandmother and 
great grandmother of Lynette. Eliza- 
beth and Ginger. Uza. Jane. Ray and 
Robert. She was the last surviving 
child of Dr E. Wright 'The Hero Doc- 
tor of Paddington' (March 1918) and 
sister of the late Mn HoQy Vere. A. 
Dickson wnghL MS . FR CS. Her- 
bert Wright l_D.S. and Drs E. T. and 
R. B. D. WnghL Al Iter request her 
body has been given for medical 

KALI. HALL - On July 9th. after a tong 
Illness endured without comptatnL 
Francis Alieyne. aged 71. Very dear- 
ly loved husband of Mary and much 
loved father and grandfather. Funer- 
al on Wednesday. July 16th at SL 
Mary's Church. Funtlngton at 11.4S 
am. followed by cremation. Flower* 
to F.A. Holland & Son. 3 Jubilee 
Road. Chichester or do na tion s, k 
wished, to Macmuian UnU. King Ed- 
ward VR Hospital. MMhtesL 
HARRADBK - On 8 th July, hi hosptiaL 
the Reverend Canon John Candy 
Williamson, aged 69 years. Dearest 
brother of Jean, one time incumbent 
of But combe with Nempnett 

ThrubwetL west Harvtree and Hafee 
with Ash Priors. Funeral Requiem at 
AD Saints Church. Qtflon. Bristol on 
Monday. l«h July at lUOam. fol- 
lowed by cremation at Canfonl 
Crematorium. Family flowers only. 
HAYDEN - On 9lh Juty. peacefully al 
home. Katharine Elizabeth (Kate). 
Beloved wife of Alec (Pipi. dearest 
mother of Deborah. Service at Ripou 
Cathedral on Monday. l«Oi July at 
2.00 pm. OemaBoo private. No 
flowers but donations, tf desired, to 
The Secretary. Friends of Ripon Ca- 
thedral. The cathedral. Ripon. 
JOHNS - On Juty 4. instantly m a mo- 
tor acridem. Angela Christine Johns 
(Me Fairbairai. adored and beloved 
wife of Brooke and mother of 
Jeremy and Anthony of Moat Farm- 
house. -west Grinsiead Park. Estate. 
Horsham. West Sussex. Funeral Ser- 
vice at St- George's Parish Church. 
West GUnsTead at 12 noon on Tues- 
day. July 15. Flowers and enquiries 
to Freeman Brother*. Funeral Direc- 
tors. Horsham, ta. 54590. 

KENT - On «i July, suddenly. Sir Pe- 
ter Kent. D-Sc- dearly loved 
husoand of Lorn*, wonderful father 
of Judith aad Helen and adored 
grandfet&er of Wendy. Heather. 
Katy and Anne. Funeral at Friary 
United R efo rmed church. Musters 
Road. West B rt dgfonL NoittniAiani 
on Wednesday. 16 U 1 juty at 1-30 
pm. DonaUons in ami of flowers to 
-pie Treasurer. Friary Church. 

MOEHCM Helen (Me BWen) - On lCIh 
July, at Oxford. Drerly betoved wife 
of Howard and adored mother of 
Russell and Carole Ann. dearly loved 
daughter of Murphy and Dorothy 
and sister of Pal and Card Funeral 
Service will be held on Wednesday. 
16th July at 12.30 pm at SL Marys 
Parish Church. Qu Welwyn. Hens, 
followed ■ laier by private burial. 
Flowers please to St. Mary s Church 
on the morning or 16th or u Blow & 
Sons Ltd. Funeral D ire ct o rs. Pros- 
pect Place. OM Welwyn. Herb. . 

Me OrtnUng) - On 9th 
July, peacefully in her sleep. Mario- 
rie. aged 84 swan. Much loved wife 
of the late Thomas Dunlap McCuffle. 
mother and mother -Uvlaw of James 
and JflJ and grandmother of Gail and 
Tom. Crem a tion at Putney Vale. 
11.30 am on Tuesday. 15th July. 
Flowers to T. H. Sanders & Sons Lid. 
28-30 Kew Road. Rkhmood. Surrey 
TW9 2NA. 

MORRIS - On 9th July. 1986. sudden- 
ly at home. Terence Elwyn. aged 75 
years. Funeral Service ar SL 
Andrew's Church. Qafiiam (new 
Bromley). Surrey on Wednesday. 
16Ui July al 1.00 pm. followed by 
bilermenl All flowers and enquiries 
please to Plmms Funeral Services. 
Dorset House. High Street Craniey. 
tel. 274079. 

NEWMARCH - On July 7th. In hospital 
after a long Ubwss. Dr Evelyn Joyce 
Newroarch wee Curtis) aged 86 
years. Dear wife of Hugh Oliver 
Newroarch and darting mother of 
Anne Requiem al SL Ann's Churh. 
Banstead at 10.00 am. July 14th. 

NEWSOM On 8 th July, suddenly. Vir- 
ginia. much loved wife of Allen, 
mother of Robert and Barbara and 
grandmother or Sophie James and 
John. Funeral Service at SI Paul's 
Church, wtachmore HBL London 
K 2 i at ll.OOaro on Tuesday 19h 
July, followed by cremation at New 
Southgate. Flowers to Seaward & 
Sons. 448 Green Lanes. London 
N13. Tel 01 886 6101. or donations, 
if preferred, to Marie Curie Memorial 
Foundation. 28 Betgrave Square. 

ran iter HORST. On July 10th 1986 
Dons (Bill) aged 81 peacefUly at 
Queen Alexandra Hospital Cosham, 
widow of Even, beloved mother of 
Mta. Rupert. Stephanie. Richard and 
fond Grandmother of 9 grandchil- 
dren. Funeral 12 noon Tuesday 18th 
July. SI Peters. MenfMd. Family 
flowers only. Donations to Sudan ap- 
peal via Oxfam. 

WILLIAMS Piufe sam R Deryck - On 
July 9Ut. at Royal Berkshire Hospi- 
tal. Emeritus Professor of Classics at 
Reading University and dearly loved 
father of Jane. Susan and EUzabrih. 
Funeral Service to take place on 
Thursday. July 17th. Christ Church. 
Reading at 11.00 am. Family flowers 
only Donations, if desired, to Christ 
Church. Reading. Organ Appeal 

YOUNQ on July 6 th. Winifred. Joyce 
■Me Carson) of Plantation Cottage. 
Wlggiraoa. Tring. Widow of Ivan. 
Richard. Aram Young. Vicar Of 
Keosworth. Dearly Loved Mother of 
CHUan. Christ o pher and BridgeL 
Also sadly missed tar Mr Orandchtt- 
dretv Great Grandchildren and 
Family. Reoidan Mass at Kensworth 
Church. Beds on Tuesday lSlh July 
al 3 pm. Floral tributes and any en- 
quiries to SA Bates. Funeral 
Directors. Dunstable' 63633. 


CLARKE (nfe Sheahanj Kathleen Mar- 
garet. 11 July 1977. Remembering 
with Hemal Jove the humour and 
humanity of a 'area! lads-. John & 

ORSON . fn memory of my darting 
Bernard ’Barney* Gordon who de- 
parted inis world nth July i98«. 
Tin we are together again - 
LL.M JT.A.T.W. - Mary. 

Memorial services 

Right Rct EJB. Henderson 
The Archbishop of Canterbury 

was represented by the Right 

Rev R. P. Wilson at a service of 

thanksgiving for the life of the 
Right Rev Edward Henderson 

held yesterday in Wells Cathe- 

dral. The Dean of WeUs offici- 
ated and the Dean of Hereford 
read the lesson. MrOliverFeim- 
Smith, grandson, read from the 
works of T.S: Eliot and Preb- 
endary H. Franklin from Teil- 
hard de Chardin.' The Dean of 
Worcester, gave an address and 

the Bishop of Bath and Wells 
pronounced the blessing. 

Sir Arthur Peterson 

The Lord Chancellor was repre- 

sen tedby Mr D. J. WibUn at a 
service of thanksgiving for the 

life and work of Sir Arthur 
Peterson held at St Margaret’s. 

Westminster, -yesterday. Canon 

Trevor Beeson officiated and 
the Bishop of Shrewsbury led 
the prayers. Mr Merlyn Rees, 

MP, read the lesson: Lord AHen 

of Abbeydale and Mr Jerzy 
Jerozalski, British . Refugee 
Council, gave addresses. Vis- 
count Whitelaw, CH, Lord 
President of the Council and 
leader of the House of Lords. 

attended and the Secretary of 

State for the Home Department 
was represented by Sir Brian 

Cubbon. Among others present 


Lady Peterson (wklowL Mr John 
Peterson ison). Dr and Mrs Alan 
Johnston and Mr and Mrs Jobn KlUKk 

isons-m-iaw and daughters). Mr Wil- 

liam Johnston. Edward KUUck. Miss 
Elizabeth Klillck and MBs Mary 
Kituck igrandcbUdrenX Mr and Mrs 
Alec Peterson (Brother and smer-in- 
law). Mrs George Peterson and Mrs 
Peter Peterson (sisters-in-law). Dr aad 
Mrs A Maples (Brother-in-law and 
sister-ln 4mw>. Mr and Mm Henry 
Peteison- Mbs Sally Pe te rson. Mrs 

Nash. Mrs James Edwards. Mr 


Lon! and Lady Plummer of St 
MaryMone. Lady Carr or Hadley. 
Lord Cbtlrds. Lord aad Lady Harris of 

Greenwich. Lady Alien of Abbeydale. 

Loro EnnaSs (Odtenden Verdure), me 
Hon AJbermarir Bowes Lyon. Sir 
Antony Pan. Lady Cubbon. Sir 
Charles Cunnin- yhan t. _ Sir Paul 

Air Commodore D. D’Arcy 
Greig, DFC, AFC. , who cap- 
tains! Britain's winning team 
in the 1929 Schneider Trophy 
Race, died in Bexhill-on-Sea 
on July 7. He was 86. 

In the previous year he had 
established a fastest flight time 
in a Supermarine S5 Napier 
seaplane; but this was disal- 
lowed as a world record 
because it did not exceed the 
previous record by the mini- 
mum permitted margin 
David D'Arcy Alexander 
Greig was a Scot who joined 
the newly-formed Royal Air 
Force to see service with No 
83 Squadron -in France m the 
last year of the First World 

On September 13, theFE2b 
aircraft be was flying, was hit 
by anti-aircraft fire and he was 
forced to crash-land well be- 
hind enemy lines. Declining to 
consider- his war over, howev- 
er. he set out in the direction 
of the front on foot, and after a 
trudge of 13 miles succeeded 
in threading his way bade 
through the German lines to. 
regain the Allied positions, 
and. eventually, his squadron. 

This was donewritka non- 
chalance* characteristic of a 
man who already embodied 
the daredevil, debonair quali- 
ties^ apparent in the officers of 

that nascent service. 

At the end of the war he 
served with distinction with 
No 6 Squadron in .the opera- 
tions in Iraq, and was awarded 
the DFC in 1921. 

Later, be took the flying 
instructor's course and subse- 

quently bad a narrow escape 
from death when an aircraft he 
was testing for its manoeu- 
vring capabilities, got into an 
uncontrollable spin from 
which he was only able to 

Italian afiair, with Greig lead- 
ing the British effort. 

In the event it was for Mar 
No2, Flying Officer H. R. D* 
Wagbora, to turn in the 
performance - 328.63mph - 

extricate himself by baling out which won the Trophy for the; j. 
after a terrifying 10,000 ft second time, with iiis captain/*!' 

plunge from* over 20,000ft 
Time to “get out and walk” as 
he later described iL 

With his experience he was 
a natural choice to command 
the RAFs High Speed Flight 
in 1928 and immediately em- 
barked on training for an 
assault on the world Air Speed 
Record, held at that point by 
Major .Bemaidi of the Italian -' 
Air Force, with a speed of 
318.62 mph. ... 

in his attempt, made on 
November 4, 1928, the best of 
Greig’s runs, over the stan- 
dard three kilometre course 
above the Solent, was timednt 
322.66 mph. But neither that, 
nor the; average of the four 
runs - though faster than the 
Italian at 3l9.57mph - could 
be considered -as s world 
record as they did not exceed 
BernardTs speed by die 5mph 
required, in those days, by the 
rules. •- 

- Greig, had to be .satisfied, 
therefore, witlr a- British 
record, and the award of the 

For the 1929 Schneider 
competition, Supermarine 
produced a successor w theS5 
which had beaten the Italians 
for the Trophy in 1927, with a 
speed of 28Imph. Once again 
the contest was an Anglo- . 

Greig in third place behind 
Warrant Officer T. Dal Molin' 
of the Italian Air Force. ' ' 

The 1931 Schneider race 
saw Britain retain die trophy 
permanently, with an uprated 
version of the Mitchell-de^ 
signed Supermarine mono- 
plane,- research for' which 
contributed so much to the 
development of the Spitfire 
fighter. Among other interest- 
ing research items to emerac 
from the competition was the 
observation for the first time 
of the . phenomenon of black- 
ing out, while pulling G-tums.’ 

Greig himself was to serve . 
again in Iraq, as well as iri)£ 
qgypt and Palestine, and fit 
the early stages of the Second. 
World War commanded No 
75 (Bomber) squadron, based 
atHomngton in Suffolk. . ;; 

He later served in Canada, 
retiring from the RAFin l 946, 
at the end of a careerin which; 
he had flown 144 aircraft 
types, ranging from the bi^ 
planes of World War l, to 
Spitfires, Mosquitoes and Fly- 
ing Fortresses. 

In his retirement at BeritiQ^ 
he lived quietly, devoting 
himself with skill and knowl- 
edge to the garden which- 
pleasurably occupied so many 
of his leisure hours. 



■■■■■Sir WIBiam Murrte. Lady 
(Kenocitu . Mackintosh.. Sir noted i 
A r mstro n g. Sr Lawrence Byfortf (KM 
CWef inspector of OonSQBulanrL Sr 
James SwaffteW. sir Philip and Lady 
woodRetd. Sir James waOml sir 
Godfrey Taykn- i chairman. London 
Residuary Body). Sir Geoffrey Orton. 
Sir Rcoert Aaorew (Normern Ireland 
Office). Sir James DunnetL sir Lesley 
lOrtttey (vice-chairman. Brtttet* Refu- 
gee- Council) with Mr Martin Barber 
(director) and Sister E Bataan (Barton 
House. Hampshire). _ 

Mrs- Mertyn Rees. Mr R R Ptrtain 
(repreteflUno Home Office Retired 
Stair Association). Mr H A Shaw. Mr 
John Denison. Mrs E Norman-Butter. 
Mr Nesti Johnson (Economic and 
Social Research CounOILMrl Peter 

stack (pre si de n t. AbbeyffehLi Greater 
London J. Mr P D Coales. Canon D 
Russefl. Dr drttote Patterson (Chris. 
Uan AMI. Deooty CoRuntestooer P 
imoert iMetrapoUun Police). Mr Alec 
Gordon-Brown iReewver for tne 
MMMPrticr District). Profes 
|z«n*ck- Mr vaugnan 

Professor John Ashton. 
CBE, Professor of Agricultural 
Economics at Newcastle Uni- 
versity, . whose inspiration 
moulded a generation of agri- 
cultural economists, died on 
July 2. He was 63. 

He was born in Liverpool 
on August 25, 1922, the son of 
a gardener, and educated at 
Quarry Bank School; 
Brasenose College. Oxford; 
and Cornell University. . 

He served as a navigator in 
the Fleet Air Arm from 1941 
to 1946, in 819Squadron until 

He joined the Ministry of 
Agriculture, Fisheries ' and 
Food as an economist m 1951. 
From 1957-64, as heal of its 
economic branches, he played 
a leading role in the annual 
price review and latterly in 
preliminary uegotations . on 
British membership of the 

But his greatest contribu- 
tions.. followed his appoint- 

ment in 1964 as the first 
Professor of Agricultural Eco- 
nomics at Newcastle 

Under Ashton's strong but 
sympathetic leadership, the 
department rapidly a chi eved 
international influence and 
prestige, particularly in policy 
analysis. He brought together 
a series of varied and nighty 
motivated teams of col- 
leagues, many of whom them- 
selves subsequently became 

He negotiated generous sup- 
port from the W. K. Kellogg 
Foundation of the United 
States to establish the agricul- 
tural-adjustment unit which, 
for 1 V years, provided pio- 
neering integrated studies of 
technical^ , economic and social 

rfiangr m ‘agriculture, the 
countryside and land use. 

' He travelled widely, partici- 
pating in several major eco- 
nomic missions for the Wodd 

- He was a member of the 


sor Graham 

(Help the AoeOL Mr ten DunBar 
(director. South West Prison Depart- 
menu. Mr AnHuay Laheoon. Mr S I 
Chang and Mr H H Kun (Kalla Group 
or Companiest. Mr F craharo Ram- 
son. Mr P_- MotmtffeM and Hte J 
Wilkinson i Romney Stmt Group* Mr 
Peter Know toon irepresenOng Die 
Liberal Patty*. Mr Michael Barn es 
iLnKed Kingdom immHraiur Ad- 
\Hory Seri. »cr). mbs Irene Khan 
(United Nations Hteh .Commission for 
Refugees). Mr v Houoway Uostaute 
(or Study and Trearmeai of 
□eonoufiusL MBs Beaoda Alien 
•Refugee Service Programme. Ox- 

and Harbour 

Carrington. RN. Mr 
Mrs Xenia ‘ 
and Mrs .J 




ComtaotaaryL Mr Norman Hale. Mr 
and Mrs Michael Mortorty. Mrs J 
Jerozarud. Mr waraol Bennett. (Isling- 
ton Society). Mr Stephen Lam 
(representing n» Hong Kong Govern- 
inert). Mr Dennis Trev elyan. Mr Nigel 
Harney (World universmr SeniceL 
Mr PtoUp Daniel (D£A Society). Mr 
Peter Slot L Mr A Brennan ana Mr P J 
Butler <PeaL Marwick. Mitchell and 

Sir Leon Radziaowkz regrets 
that he was unable to attend the 

service of thanksgiving for Sir 
Arthur Peterson. 

Lady Butler of Saffron Walden 
regrets that she was unable to 
attend the Service for Sir Arthur 
Peterson .yesterday owing to a 
previous engagement. . 

Mr Geoffrey Rowett, FCA, 
director and general manager 
ofTimes Newspapers Limited 
from 1967 to 1972, died bn 
June 19. He was 60. _ . . 

Geoffrey Charles Rowett 
was bom in Plymouth and 
educated at Roundhay School, 
Leeds. He was articled to 
Blackburns.- Robson- Coates 
and Company of Leeds. before 
joining the Midland Bank in 

During the war he served in 
the Royal Navy, reluming to 
Blackburns- in 1947. From 
1954 to 1964, he worked with 
a South African engineering 
.company before joining 
Thomson . Newspapers Limit- 
ed in 1965 as managing direc- 
tor of The. Sunday Times, .a 
post he held until 1972. 

When Lord Thomson ac- 
quired The Times in 1967, 
Rowett became the executive 
responsible for bringing to- 
gether the two newspapers 
into one cohesive company. ' . 

agement consultancy, he 
found the economics, of Fleet 
Street and the practices con- 
doned by both, management 
and unions - ; bizarre, and 

. Always fertile in ideas, he 
was constantly seeking new 
and more effective solutions 
to the familiar problems. That 
the merger of these two papers 
-has lasted and. proved success- 
ful owes much to Rowetr. . 

He departed from TNL in 
1973 to - become managing 
director of corporate finance 
at the Britfsfa Steel 
Copo ration. The following 
year, he . joined . The 
Charterhouse Group as a 
managing director, serving as 
deputy 'chairman from . 1981- 

To his colleagues, Rowett 
was firm but always humane 
and considerate in his deal- 
ings, and he earned the respect 
and affection.of all thosewith 
whom he came in touch. 

council of the Trade Policy; 
Research Centre, served on 
the agricultural sub-commit- 
tee of the University Grants 
Committee and as an advisor, 
to the House of Commons 
Select Committee on 
Agriculture. . 

He had been president of 
the Agricultural ' Economics 
Society, the European Associ- 
ation of Agricultural Econo-' - 
mists, and the University- 
Agricultural Society. 

John Ashton was a man of 
colossal and generous spirit: 

His energy derived from air 
unceasing interest in people/, 
seasoned by relish for con- 
fronting the pompous and 

He will be re m embered for 
his imagination and fearless 
integrity^ his unerring judg* 
mem: his jovial- companions y 
ship; his wit; and his love of 1 
discussion and of life. " 

He is survived by his wife. 

Dr Heather Ashton, three sons 
and a daughter... 


singh : 

Chandra Shekhar Singh, Pe- 
troleum Minister in the cen»' 
tral government of India, die# 

. on July 8 after a short Alness^ 

He was bora in 1927, anS; 
won his. spurs as a CongreA- 
activist in the -1942 “Quit 
India" campaign. In 1947, I*; 
was secretary of the Students^ / 
Congress in. his home state , 

Bihar, and after independence^ 
he was soon prominent in life* 
politics of the state,, of whic^ 
he was recently, for a shoiV 
time, chief minister. . . ri 

He was elected to the Lot 
Sabha <lower house of thfel 
Indian Parliament) in 1980," 
and held a number of minisfo-1 
rial posts before his appoint-" 

Ministry 0, ^ 


^ of Cot: 

gress politician - with 

The ^ Marjorie s. Mat- Recency and integrity^ 



. He confronted the problems . t-i 

with characteristic determina- thews, the-first woman bishop " ta Mr GandM^has^h^! 
tion and thoroughness. Com- of -the- .United ; Methodist ^couraging. 
ing from the background of Church, iq thc Uniied States, u- 

general engineering and jnan- died on July I ,-aged 69. j s aJ^ a ° v es him* 

-"T* — ••T-. — K . I 



! 0rth 

_*-'•. .T"*’ “ i '-S"-" 





Touching wizardry in Land of Oz 



Town Hall, the Scon 

Cheltenham ioH W wh 

ZL1 ■ TTie Color Purple (IS) 

*3£**&k JSPSSSSlU'^l ABC Shaftesbury Avenue 

I ■- Ef r *“ te-toate of the “ 

V™ Minister, overloads Half T |f A /PPY 
>-■; CJi! ministers with work and at riaU L “ e 

0- 0’\8cv 


» the hands of the 
, Pnme Minister, overloads 

•V !n W?. j nmB,ers with work and at 

• r ^ s mo too many major decisions 

-.*? -b^tp be taken elsewhere. These 

- of V themes emerged from a recent 
- r - 5 6 v«3l\ hgonr of the Cabinet. /Iff tf « 

-- Minister’s Men (Chan- 

: *r WVfc' nel the first of a trilogy of 
s. A-'..: political documentaries writ- 

^ *»« »nd narrated by the politl- 

C *y®^“ a .l“ t Peter Hennessy. 

- '..jr -.-.j Television is coogeniullv 

incapable of looking back- 
T- ”'’ 1 wards; its heritage from news 

-^3 T '; 1 ^ inonialism is a fatal tendency 

X ' s ■ *c‘ to favour the drama of today's 

. sL-.^ S (£’ news rather than to take time 

:v; to consider the context from 

' - . .. which current events have 

*> 5 % «*«• Therefore All. the 

z: ti£ Pri«*e Minister's Men Is a 

T'.. . ' series which can be praised 

merely for its existence as a 
. n j/- thooghtfal deed in an incoher- 

■ ~ ' f cnt world. This opening pro- 
.’ -r* gramme however coaid also be 

criticized for taking a dull, 
chronological approach to its 
’• — i , ; o subject and virtually defying 
r - viewers to keep interested. 

■** ^ 11 Painstaking and 
■ * - -• - authoritative review to which a 
^ - .y. large nnmber of distinguished 
senior statesmen contributed. 
Fro® Ute happy days before 
the First World War, when 
ministers discussed matters of 

* importance in their clubs and 1 
1 ' J KFlf, M tbeir grouse moors, the , 

programme assembled a cata- 
fegne of major faults in the 
r - <rO : Cabinet system and faighlight- 
ed important issues which had 
' Vl.V*’ been fudged or derided in 
w ;; '.' r j secret Britain's atomic bomb, 

. r ,.^ ordered by a committee of six; 
Suez, when the Cabinet was 
: ■ v-.'.V'v .compared to the Prime 

- — . ^▼Minister’s private laundry; 

* - T - 7 ^' Concorde, where compromise 
•_ ,7-:'^ took the place of clear-cut 

C-V 1 policy; and the modernization 
1 . of Polaris in the Seventies — 

. V Lord Barnett recalled that be 

had not even heard the code- 
name of this project tmtil he 
. • : frit the Cabinet. 

Inevitable shades of Fes; 

' Minister arose in discussing 
"-'sir James Callaghan's war with 
’- 2 ! the Treasury. Ministerial 

- :r overload was also a recurring 

• •' - “T:..T5 theme. Lord Rothschild, the 
• *^r: bead of Edward Heath's 

’ ' think-tank, recalled a minister 

• . at a Treasury meeting unable 
- . r _ to understand the proceedings 
V- jjand confessing that he had 
only read the papers in his car 
r~.iT- on the way "there. ‘Susan' 
Crosland replied telling her 
, :“J husband that the pressurized 
' . fife that he led wtmld have 
killed her. “It never occurred 
to me that it would loll him", 

' she said. The programme 

. ended on the eve of Margaret 

Thatcher's election victory, 
with the promise of worse 
.. revelations to come. 

- *.;•**£ i 

Celia Brayfleld 1 unfamil 


Half Life (PG) 

Metro 1 

Murphy’s Romance 

Curzon West E nd 

Enemy Mine (PG) 
Prince Charles 

Youngblood (15) 
Cannon Oxford Street 

The Color Purple arrives in Britain 
after mountainous publicity. Nomi- 
nated for 1 1 Oscars, Steven 
Spielberg's film won none: testimony, 
rumour goes, to Establishment disap- 
proval of the director's youth, power 
and success (or, possibly' the superior 
qualities of the rival entries). The film 
has also been tub-thumped for its 
style and subject-matter. Out go 
planetary visitors and comic-strip 
rigmarole; in come the earthly pains 
and joys of black people in the Deep 
South, as described in Alice Walker's 
novel about a woman's struggle 
towards self-respect and sisterhood 
during the century’s early decades. 
Technical wizardry was now not 
enough: there had to be, in Spielberg’s 
words, “spontaneous combustion in 
the idea department" and “tremen- 
dous emotional growth" among the 

This is. to be sure, a break in 
Spielberg's recent pattern. Whereas 
Indiana Jones's emotional growth 
could be contained on a pin-head, 
Alice Walker’s heroine Celie ad- 
vances from the conson-cum-drudge 
of a harsh black farmer she calls “Mr" 
to an independent woman fulfilling 
her gifts. Yet the pattern has only 
been cracked, not rent asunder. 
Walker's novel offered a tight thicket 
of letters from Celie and her sister to 
each other and God; Spielberg leaves 
us clutching the 154-minute chain of 
slick, mostly shallow set-pieces, 
staged with an eye to preitification. 

Characters pose silhouetted in the 
orange sun: a cheek's tear is caught in 
a shaft of light. Angled shots isolate 
symbolic objects: the letter-box from 
which “Mr’ filches the letters of . 
Celte’s sister, who becomes a mis- 
sionary in Africa; the rockmg'Chair 
where Celie wields a tempting razor 
on her master’s neck and reads the 
letter eventually discovered with the 
help ofShug, the blues singer and free 
spirit who flits through the narrative. 
This artful visual style has distin- , 
guished Hollywood precedents; Dis- 
ney cartoons and William Cameron 
Menzies's production designs imme- 
diately come to mind. Bui the 
symbols and embellishments do little 
to foster a sense of reality, nor do they 
smooth the plot’s bumps and craters 
during its 40-year journey. Audiences 
unfamiliar with the novel may well be 

Not for the first lime, a new 
piece by Robert Saxton leaves 
one in the whirling irresolu- 
tion of being in two minds at 
once, boih of them excited. 
His Viola Concerto^ which 
had a first performance from 

Raul Sflverthome on Wednes- apologies, 
day night that was itself . Paul 
dizzying, is a very brilGant raui 'JiUniHS 

and cogent piece of work, 
supremely confident not only nTV . <r . . 

in its long, various and cbai- KrU/iiSIVieS 
lenging solo part but also in its c t Pathivlral 

handling bfthe orchestra. The SI raui S latneorai 
fact that if one is reminded of; 

anything it is of Bartok's The idea of mounting 
Miraculous Mandarin is high Britten's War Requiem in St 
praise for the effectiveness Paul's Cathedral —as the huge 
and aliveness of Saxton's in- centrepiece, in every sense, of 
strumcmaiion. and for his the City of London Festival — 
achievement of bold effects was certainly spectacular 
with a relatively small enough: the problem was the 
ensemble. acoustical reality. This was a 

But then my other mind will performance which dealt in 
warn to point out that much of apocalyptic moments because 
his imagination seems to have it really had no choice. 

It also showed itself well 
designed for the virtuosity of 
the Scottish Chamber Orches- 
tra under Wilfried Boettcher, 
and. while on the subject of 
Scottish orchestras. I must pul 
right an error in my review of 
the Maxwell Davies Violin 
Concerto: the RPO were not 
the first symphony orchestra 
to play in Orkney, for the BBC 
Scottish Symphony had been 
there before. To. them my 

Whoopi Goldberg (left), showing a chameleon's skills as Celie in redeeming TAe Color Purple , with Margaret 
Avery as Shug, prodding her to blossom and smile and shimmer with tender simplicity 

confused by the flurry of exposition, 
the final rush of reunions, and much 
else in between. 

Luckily the film contains one great 
strength in the debut peformance of 
Whoopi Goldberg who shot to fame 
in J 984 with her one-woman, multi- 
character Broadway show. Her 
present pan equally needs a 
chameleon's skills; as Celie. she must 
variously look quashed, obedient, 
shy, sly, indignant, proud and victori- 
ous. Her dignity, however, remains 
constant, and the scenes where Shug 
prods her to blossom and smile 
shimmer with tender simplicity. 
Without Whoopi Goldberg Spiel- 
berg's Deep South would seem like 
the Land of Oz. 

Using newsreels, declassified docu- 
ments and interviews with witnesses 
and survivors. Half Life tells the ugly 
story of the huge hydrogen bomb 
dropped by America in 1954 on its 
remote Pacific protectorate, the Mar- 
shall Islands. Supposedly unforeseen 
winds carried the fall-out to inhabited 
atolls, damning generations to thy- 
roid tumours. cancers and other ills— 
and giving the Atomic Energy Com- 
mission perfect conditions for a field- 
study. Another director might have 
whipped up the material into an agit- 
prop scream; Dennis O'Rourke, an 
Australian film-maker especially con- 
cerned with the erosion of non- 
.western cultures, chooses to make his 
points quietly, slowly unfurling evi- 
dence of American cyhicism and the • 
uncontrollable effects of its man- 
made atomic monster. 

As in The Atomic Cafe, archive 
footage chillingly encapsulates period 
attitudes: one Fifties commentator 
blithely calls the islanders “savages”. 
But O'Rourke's camera finds much 

food for thought itself, among today's 
islanders: catching the thrashings of a 
deformed child hidden in shadows, or 
the simple words of a mother who 
once thought the Americans friendly 
visitors^ “Do they think one person’s 
life is unimportant?” she asks; “What 
goes on in the minds of these ' 
people?" Half Life presents a bleak, 
eloquent, unforgettable study in hu- 
man frailty and the monstrosity of life 
under the mushroom cloud. 

"Haven’t been to a movie since the 
Duke died”, says James Gamer’s 
pharmacist in Murphy's Romance 
during a hesitant courtship of Salty 
Field, the town's new widow. Alas, 
the Bijou is showing some bloodbath, 
and the couple quickly exit for the 
gentler pleasures of bingo at the Elks 
Club. The director Martin Ritt, 
maker of well-intentioned films since 
1956, is clearly standing up for old- 
fashioned entertainment, and it needs 
a rather old-fashioned audience to get 
the best from this slow-moving story 
of a May to December love affair. 
Ritt's regular collaborators Harriet 
Frank Jr aiid Irving. Ra vetch lace, 
their, craftsmanlike script with . a 
generous allowance of Midwestern 
atmosphere, and the stars supply the 
expected commodites: grit and puck- 
ered looks from Sally Field, lackadai- 
sical charm from James Garner. This 
is not the film for those who, like ■ 
surprises. . 

Predictability cannot be levelled at 
Wolfgang Petersen's grotesque Ene- 
my Mine. An intergalactic dogfight 
temporarily reduces the characters to 
Davidge.a xenophobic earthling, and 
Jeriba Shigan. a reptilian hermaphro- 
dite — both marooned on a hostile 
planet. At first Davidgedubs the alien 
“toad face”; when relationships im- 

prove he calls it Jeny After display- 
ing a stomach glowing like a brazier, 
Jerry gives birth and dies. The 
offspring is captured by marauders - 
and so it goes on, for 93 lunatic 
minutes (IS minutes less than the 
American version, which sank like a 

Like his UFA compatriots 60 years 
ago. Peicrsen glories in studio-bound 
extravaganzas, and the few obvious 
location shots seem real intrusions 
among the carnivorous tentacles, 
ferocious crags and meteor-storms 
conjured up at the Bavaria Studios. 

been diverted into accom- 
plishing a formal respectabil- 
ity. Not only does the work 
have the regular four sym- 
phonic movements — an 
opener that has . the dual 
subject-matter and the balanc- 
ing reprise of a sonata allegro, 
a scherzo with wild piccolo 
trio, a slow movement and a 
finale of suspiciously rondo- 
like shape — it also relives the 
mosi obvious and long-estab- 
lished concerto metaphor, 
that of the soloist as individ- 
ual in conflict with the orches- 
tra as crowd. 

Beyond that, there is a 
connection with the Hebrew 
meditations of Ernest Bloch, 
for the main features of the 
soloist’s slower melodies are 
those of Jewish cantillalion: 
accented appoggialuras. re- 
peated notes, prominent 
downward scale shapes and 
arpeggios. Then again, the 

Obviously in such magnifi- 
cently spacious surroundings 
one would not have expected 
the finest of fine detail in the 
chamber-orchestra sections to 
come through. The trouble 
was that virtually everything 
disappeared; bass lines some- 
times managed to sound sur- 
prisingly clear, but nothing' 
above middle register had a 
chance except when the har- 
mony flowed in its broadest 

Bui some moments did 
work - the chorus's final huge 
shout of “Sanctus". for in- 
stance. winging away into the 
vast distances of St Paul's to 
reveal the hushed opening 
notes of the Wilfred Owen 
setting “After the blast of 
lightning" uneasily sustained 
beneath it, or the relentlessly 
gradual build-up of the “Libe- 
ra me" towards its release in 
one of the most awesome 

work is almost a revisiting of climaxes in all music. 

Saxton’s Concerto for Orches- 

Munich. Petersen also shares Fritz' 1 
Lang's taste for scattering his fanta- • ira, beginning with similar, 
sies with would-be serious thoughts; though reducal. gestures of 
Enemy Mine duly preaches a simple luminosity, and reaching half- 
sermon about friendship, honour and way through to an analogous 
global relations. But how can we take 
the sermon to heart, yoked to such 
turgid daftness? 

Youngblood, from Canada, is 
bluntly aimed at the teenage market. 

Young lads are offered all the 
violence and dirty tricks traditionally 

luminosity, and reaching half- 
way through to an analogous 
point of deep bass blackness. 

One's two minds might join 
in pleasure if the work some- 
how took account of its stiff- 
ening background, but it 
seems on the contrary blithely 
naive about itself. That, of 

associated with junior league ice-- course, is part of its appeal: the 
hockey: young ladies, meanwhile, marvellously outrageous as- 
u ' — *' — u 1 sumption that one can write a 

four-movement concerto , of 
conflict as if history had not 
happened. But I suspect 
Saxton may be on the way to 
tougher engagements with 
musical truth. and that,- where - 
this concerto seems didactic in 

sfioutd delight Tn the heart-throb star. 
RofcrLowe* parading a sleekphysique. 
Lowe plays Youngblood, the new 
recruit facing up to the hard-hearted 
coach, the coach's pretty daughter, 
and a brutal rival; the plot might be 
new to audiences just discovering 
cinema. Peter Markle, a former 
Jiockey player himself, directs with 
steamroller grace, shifting into slow 
motion for falling dentures and heads 
hitting ice; market forces seem to 
have stifled the talent for observation 
displayed jn his ' first film. The 
Personals (recently screened on 
television). _ _ 

• Geoff Brown 

. Maldwyn Davies (tenor) 
and Ian Caddy (baritone) had 
presumably derided that there 
was little mileage in a really 
dramatic projection of the 
Wilfred Owen settings and so 
sang rather within themselves, 
but agreeably. Heather Har- 
per's soprano was as secure 
and radiant as ever. Co- 
ordinating his far-flung forces 
in a situation like this must 
have been close to nightmar- 
ish. but Meredith Davies held 
everybody fairly well together 
and kept to an lihlingering 
pace. The Nash Ensemble, the 
London Symphony Chorus 
and the Royal Philharmonic 
Orchestra all contributed 
strongly the Choristers of St 
Paul’s sounded best of all, but 

its harmonic processes. :the " then they know the.building. 

pupil for whom it is designed 
is himself 

Malcolm Hayes 

personable Donald Williams 
j-vctuvis waggling his bare buttocks or 

Rondo making suggestive gestures 

DdllUd with his walking stick turns 

Coliseum you on ' ** ne- You may 3,50 

- enjoy the elementary music 

r- «• „ a . ■ with its percussive rhythms, 

Geoffrey Holder s Banda is whistles, heavy breathing and 

V - , . ^iTheArtof 

rv / Success 

** “ ^The Other Place, 

01 IS \NirO> Stratford , 

i : . : . - '7 Thanks to his introduction of 

i-xi *• ■‘ y,r censorship. Robert Walpole 

remains a lively figure on the 
„ .. British theatre scene. But, 

. . whatever his baneful influence 

- - - ' -- on the stage, it was also 

' Walpole who pul through the 

77- . - 1735 Copyright Act which 

- f:' guaranteed the livelihood of 

-t- : another group of artists by 

* f "\- r- : protecting them from piracy. 

The immediate victim and the 

r - - ' ' ftnmediaie beneficiary of 

- • - " ' . ' those two Acts were Henry 

Fielding and William Ho- 
. - garth. Fielding, you might say. 

* " '•..7 •’ was asking for it; which raises 

4 . • - ‘ the question of whether Ho- 

^ garth was being rewarded for 
. . ' services rendered. 

, r :’ . Such is foe start ing-poml ot 
* Nick Dear's play, which com- 
‘.^.presses 10 years in the lives of 
T ~ y> the two men into a single 

' ' night, combining brutal sexual 

4 and political farce with a 

running debate on the purpose 
•'• -of art. The play, in other 
^- r " words, is concerned with isun 

. topical issues; and Mr Dear 

flSl confidently encompasses botn 
...... - . Ti worlds by coupling action in 

lV’’ v ' — ~~ 

Lfl ' NK-*J - 

the 18th-century manner with 
characters who talk in the 
classless cockney of today. 

You get the style from the 
opening AGM of the Beef- 
steak Club, with the chairman 
casting his vote for laying on 
some whores under Any Other 
Business, and Hogarth con- 
fronting an art-collecting mi- 
lord like an 18th-century Don 
McCuIlin feeing the director 
of the National Portrait Gal- 
lerv. The play latches on to the 
feet that Hogarth was working 
in an area despised by gradu- 
ates of the Grand Tour, and 
that, for all his realism, he did 
not satirize recognizable per- 
sonalities. Why not a States- 
man’s Progress to follow the 
Harlot’s Progress. Fielding 
asks: and is brushed off by the 
proudly independent painter. 

The rest of the play pro- 
ceeds to cal! his independence 
to question. He visits a con- 
demned murderess in New- 
gate. frankly telling her that he 
is only drawing her in hope of 
making a large profit. It then 
appears that he has already 
secretly accepted an engraving 
commission frbm Walpole, 
and is on the way to becoming 



Fiercely memorable: Penny 
Downie as the murderess 

is too intent on showing all 
sides of ihe character to 
impale it on a didactic pin. 

There is Hogarth the loving 
husband going back to his 
Covent Garden whores for the 

his creature. To describe the joys he cannot mention to his 
action like that is to suggest wife; there is Hogarth the 
that Mr Dear has written a victim of castration mght- 
Hogarth’s Progress. In fact he mares; and the artist who 

2 Major 




rugs and runners 

antkvie ruas silk rugs of various origins. TriiafarKf Nomadic 
The Invemonr carpets and rugs from the East. 

mgs and many other unuauai ^ T0MS bonded WAREHOUSE 

ttegooS offerS 0 ?©? 1 /^^ vvOl be removed from bond (alt duties paid) to 


The Londonderry Hotel 
Paric Lane 
London W1 

.gas^iWriv 01 Mle 

Hampstead Auction Rooms 

28 Rosstyn Hill. Hampstead 

London NW3 

ON: SAT 12th July 3pm 

Viewing from 12 Noon day of sale 

of naHng imnxKtaw b * i " 9 

wants to niggle at public 
hypocrisy while also receiving 
a 'fat fee. He would be entirely 
at home in television or 
advertising: and, indeed, one 
of his nightmares includes the 
gift of a Polaroid camera. 

Bounding between club- 
land. prison and the brothel, 
the play acoeleraies into de^ 
mented frenzy in which farce 
overlaps with the horrors. The 
basic structure is that of the 
old comedy, with Hogarth 
desperately making his way 
home in skins like the hero of 
The Provok'd Wife. Mr Dear 
also pushes over the bound- 
aries between comic action 
and fantasy, so that the mur- 
deress escapes from jail and 
makes for the wife's bedroom, 
where Walpole himself also 
puts in an appearance, assum- 
ing he has interrupted a 
lesbian assignation. When 
things grow as improbable as 
that, the play regains control 
by a return to elegant diction. 
"You have a sharp mind for a. 
woman in a nightie". Walpole 
remarks, and observes, some 
speeches later. “1 got a Titian 
last year for £2.10 — it’s 
already worth double thal”. 

The play is essentially about 
learning ’to close the gap 
between waking life and 
dreams: and there are times, 
particularly when Fielding 
and Hogarth's wife take over 
his education, when it grows 
uncomfortably sententious. 
Otherwise, its progress is spec- 
tacular and unfaltering. 

Adrian Noble has directed it 
on and around a raised plat- 
form (by Ultt) first seen as a 
gigantic table for the slumber- 
ing drunks of the Beefsteak 
Club. That sets upexprcssion- 
isitc expectations that are 
honoured throughout the eve- 
ning with transformations to a 
fetid Newgate, a whore's pitch 
in Yauxhall. Gardens and the 
Queen’s bedroom. 

Altogether it suggests a piti- 
less world where disaster al- 
ways looms. and nobody takes 
any precautions against it. 
Michael Kitchen's Hogarth, 
raked equally with guilt, and 
creative energy, comes over as 
one of the lads who also 
conceivably could be a genius. 
The whole company- are on 

Diffuse old jokes 

The Cure for Love 
Theatre Royal, York 

Wafier Greenwood is better 
known for his dire social- 
realist, novel Low on the Dole 
than for this “breezy nonhem 
comedy" which — under the 
title Rod of Iron, and starring 
Robert Donat (a role he later 
re-created in his film version) 
— was a hit of I94S. 

Set in Salford in the fifth 
year of the war. the piece 
presents a portrait of working- 
class life among the. grimy 
back-to-backs. It is a micro- 
cosm of poverty, back-parfour 
sermonizing and intransigeni- 
ly held opinions, a Zolaesque 
world where mortal insults 
lake ihe form of criticizing the 
cleanliness of one's neigh- 
bour's house, and where the 
divorce-rate can in- all solem- : 
nity be blamed on not wearing 
wool next to the skin. 

The high priestess of all this I 
is a tough, grim widow | 
(Vanessa Rosenthal) whose , 
ritualized parsimony extends ! 
to hiding the poker when she 1 
leaves her well-scrubbed teeto- 
tal home to work at a British 

When her soldier son (Con 
O'Neill) returns on leave from 
three years spent biffing Jerry, i 
her first concern is that he has 
failed to gain a pension for his 
minor wounds.. Her second ! 
concern is thal in his absence 
bis room has been taken over , 
by a vivacious cockney girl 
(Linsey Beauchamp) billeted 
oir her for the duration, while I 
his .major headache is that he 
is engaged to a young neigh- ; 
hour (Gwynneth Hammond) | 
whom he has never loved. 

The resulting confusions de- 
volve at a slow trot punctured 
by. fits of explosive altercation, 
with pithy opprobrium and 
lashings of colourful dialect 

The company's stabs at the 
notoriously ill-sounding local 
accent are variable, to say the 

Mayes turns in a performance 
of stolid authority as the well- 
heeled publican who spends a 
large pan of the action at- 
tempting to ban various 
intemperate? from his private 

But the script itself is ham- 
strung both by its reliance on 
wartime jokes (which simply 1 
do not work any longer) and I 
by its pedestrian verbosity, 
which, at around three hours' | 
running time, brings to mind 
the ordeal of watching six 
episodes of Coronation 51 eel 

Soft-centred and "diffuse in 
construction, the piece re- 
mains an historical curiosity. 

Martin Cropper 

very much a one man show, 
since he is responsible for the 
sets, choreography, costumes 
and music — listed in that 

at one point solemn choral 
singing. Personally, I would 
rather see these dancers, in- 
cluding Mr Williams, in one of 

order in the programme cred- ihe other works such as Fancy 
its. which might seem to Free or Allegro Briltanie 

indicate a bizarre idea of the which offer more solid re- 
rclaiive importance of the war d 5 i 0 cast and audience, 
ballets component parts. Ji-Qr, jf they want a voodoo 

also. 1 am afraid, brings to dance drama, one with more 
mind the saying about jack of bile tp iu such & Katherine 

ail trades, because none of this 
is exactly masterly. 

The work, given by Dance 
Theatre of Harlem at the 
Coliseum on Wednesday, is a 
throwback to a side of ■ the 
repertory that the company 

Dunham's company used to 
offer years ago. 

I have to say, however, that 
this company has the knack of 
making normally staid Lon- 
don audiences lose their inhi- 
bitions and enjoy whatever is 

hps largely outgrown. This on offer. There was much 
particular example comes cheering at the end of Tolun- 

complete with solemn notes 
about voodoo as a religion. 
but what we see on stage is 
more like high-class cabaret 
than real voodoo or real ballet 
. If the sight of -the lithe and 

tartes on Wednesday, and 
whoops of delight even during 
the performance of Stars ana 

John Percival 





top form, with fiercely memo- -icas^ and Ian ForresFs pro- 
rablc pcnormanccs from Di- duciion is unevenly focused-. 

AUCTIONEERS NOTE: Owing teSS* to enwe «mp*r» dtepo^l. 


nah Stabb. Penny Downie as 
the murderess and Joe Melia 
as a silkily menacing Walpole 
forever glossing over the q uirk 
of fortune that has taken him 
to the top. 

Irving Wardle 

with rather too much empha- 
sis on the two maternal gor- 
gons (the- widow and the 
fiancee's mother, played with 
.gusty stridency by Ellie Had- 
dington) and not enough on 
the young • lovers. Richard 




Box Office & 
Credit Cards 
01-928 2252 

Standby: any unsold seats at low prices 
from 2 hours before performance. ' 


a- v-i - ■ 

New budget for 
EEC clinched 
on £93m deal 

From Jonathan Braude, Strasbourg 

The European Economic 
Community has agreed on a 
new 1986 budget of £21.9 
billion, using up all the avail- 
able funds and increasing this 
year's spending by more than 
£1 billion. 

Parliament voted in favour 
of the budget by 355 to 27, 
with 21 abstentions, only a 
week after the European Court 
of Justice ruled that the origi- 
nal budget, pushed through at 
the end of last year, was illegaL 

After four days of intensive 
negotiation, the governments 
of the twelve member states 
and the European Parliament 
agreed to set agricultural 
spending at £1 3.9 billion — an 
increase of £682 million on 
the budget thrown out by the 

The extra money will be 
needed to cover the extra cost 
of subsidizing agricultural ex- 
ports. due to the fall in value 
against the dollar. Hie British 
Socialists voted against it. 

Regional and social spend- 
ing was increased by more 
than £400 million to £3.1 
billion, with most of the extra 
funds going to Sprain and 
Portugal, thereby winning the 
newcomers' votes for the 
budget- „ , 

The budget uses up all the 

Russians in a jam oyer 
radio broadcasts 

A BBC investigation has 
revealed that Radio Moscow 
broadcasts to Britain are being 
disrupted - by the Soviet 
Union's jamming devices 
(Garin Bell writes). 

The inquiiy was ordered 
after Mr Leonid Zamyatin, the 
Soviet Union's ambassador in 
Britain, complained to the 
Commons last week that he 
could not listen to pro- 
grammes because they were 
being jammed, particularly in 
northern England. 

BBC engineers, including 
some at the Skelton transmit- 
ter site in Cumbria, promptly 
checked reception of the six 
frequencies used by Moscow 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Queen visits Mont- 
gomeryshire district, Powys; ar- 
rives Machynlleth Station, 9.50. 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother visits the Royal Air 
Force Museum, Hendon to 
mark the go Men jubilee of the 
founding of Bomber, Fighter 
Training and Coastal Com- 
mands. 3. 

The Prince of Wales, Presi- 
dent, Business in the Commu- 
nity, opens the Wansdyke 
Enterprise Agency. High Sum. 
Paulton. Avon, 10.25; and then 
opens The Coach House Small 
Business Centre. Upper York St. 
St Raufs. Bristol 1 1.30; later he 
visits the Bristol 1000 Centre, 
The Great Train Shed. Temple 
Meads Station. 12.35. and 
lunches with the chairman and 
directors of local enterprise 
agencies and the chairman and 
staff of the community action 
programmes. Brunei's Great 
Western Railway Boardroom, 

1 . 1 0; he later lays the foundation 
stone for the new building at the 
American Museum in Britain, 
Bath. 2.30, 

Prince Andrew takes the Sa- 
lute at the afternoon perfor- 
mance of the Royal Tour- 
nament, Earls Court Exhibition 
Centre 2.30. 

Princess Alice, Duchess of 
Gloucester, Patron, Council for 
the Protection of Rural England, 
attends a summer party, Easton 
Neslon. Northants, 6.30. 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
opens the new Civic Hall 
Stratford-on-Avon, 1 1; and then 
opens the new science lab- 
oratories, Wroxhall Abbey Sch- 
ool, Warwick. 11.50; later she 
attends a thanksgiving service. 
All Saints' Church, Leamington 
Spa, 1.55. 

The Duke of Kent, Chan- 
cellor, attends the Surrey 
University degree ceremony, 
Guildford Cathedral 10.40. 

Princess Michael of Kent. 
Patron, attends The Horse 
Rangers Society open day. 
Hampton Court, 2. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,095 


1 dim bed like a fish (6). 

5 24’s sound, pure word (8). 

9 Padre? (10). 

10 Container for wine (4). 

11 Flatter, and rather dull? (8). 

12 Pierce the wrong way - 
here's the right way to do it 

13 Group of people in bar, talk- 
ing (4). 

IS Pine, in the early morning, 
turns to a different tree (8). 

18 Replace suitoi? Not I! (8). 

19 The taste of seaweed (4). 

21 Fearlessly; for insta nc e. 

braved rum (6). 

23 Make economies in connec- 
tion with private home (8). 

25 Try to pay attention-^). 

26 Not, we hear, about to have 
romance and many (5,5). 

27 Retinues can be grasping 

( 8 ). 

28 first in school we study a 
country (6). 


2 There could be a catch in it 

3 Casanova’s trophy? (6-3). 

4 Fraud takes a month to 
draw up (6). 

5 Rooks do have unpleasant 
repercussions (4, 4,2,5). 

6 Delivered lines with vitality 

. and beat (6-2). 

7 Score 101, and total op (5). 

8 Party not to be confiised 
with 12 (91 

14 Cleaning woman in the 
French neglige (9). 

16 In addition to his need, pos- 
sibly (2,3,4). 

17 Meal produced by Ruth, 
about right on cue" (8). 

20 Highlight head of silvery 

22 Lose head in panic and 
make mistake (5). 

24 From America, cheques to 
deposit secretly (5). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,094 

3 phi n r m ra . 

n isi □ m is s b 

Iob ia -■ in n □ n m . 
aniiEEiis BiaEH&aasl 

.71 ■■ E * * 

|£a lEflEHEE 

(2J 8 S 53 EJ 5v Hi 


ana -h n? rs o 
imnvt wHBHHBsnHra 
*r ra. m ci g n g 
assraissra naaaisnjiH 


Community’s revenues within i 
the ceiling of 1.4 per cent of 
VAT and income from cus- '■ 
toms duties and agricultural 

Fears of bankruptcy con- 
centrated the minds of the 
negotiators during the course 
of Wednesday night, as all 
sides realized that failure to 
reach an agreement would 
leave the Community at least 
£3 billion short in 1986. 

The crucial breakthrough 
came as Parliament accepted a 
£93 million deal to fond all the 
projects threatened by the 
court's derision. The money 
was put into a “negative 
reserve”, which must be paid 
back at the end of the year 
from unspent funds in other 
areas of the budget. 

Mr Peter Brooke, the British 
president of the Council of 
Budget Ministers, declared 
that the agreement was a 
success for Europe and could 
put an end to the annual 
squabbles over the division of 

Displaying his European 
credentials in heavily accent- 
ed but accurate French, he 
expressed his pleasure that 
Parliament and governments 
could work together to resolve 
the problems of the EEC 


r* ! - ;* 
; : V. -c 


■ • ■ Vi 

« * ' . . . X-f 

<!««*''' • — 

iH] 9 *£$&(?* t 

, . . • -• 

o>L ,: ; i' 


» , ‘ . . 

Nigel Mansell and mar-hmp at Brands Rak* yesterday . . . hoping to overtake reigning wold champion Alain Prost (Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 

Perfectionist looks to reality in title race 

to broadcast in English to 
Britain. They discovered: 

• Three were operating with- 
out interference: 

• One was interfering with a 
neighbouring BBC World Ser - 1 
vice channel, despite repeated 
BBC complaints; 

• Two were being disrupted 
by distinctive Soviet “road- 
drill" type jamming on two 
adjacent western channels. 

The BBC, which believes it 
has 14 million regular listeners 
to its Russian service in the 
Soviet Union, estimates that 
Moscow spends £680 million 
a year jamming foreign 

By Tim Jones 

The man who would be king 
does not dream of wearing the 
crown. For Nigel Mansell 
knows that before he achieves 
that accolade he must survive . 
another 1,300 miles of punish- 
ing driving at speeds averaging 
more than 115 mph. 

Those hard miles represent 
the eight remaining races in 
the Formula One world cham- 
pionship season and Mansell 
knows that be mast drive his 
1,000 horsepower machine to 
perfection if he is to become 
die first Briton to win the 
drivers championship since 
James Hunt 10 years ago. 

By all the rules of this rich 
man’s game, Mansell should 
not be on dm starting grid at 
Brands Hatch on Sunday 
where the British Grand Prix 
is bring fought out. 

Unlike many of his glamor- 
ous rivals, Mansell las no 
wealthy parents to help him 
sustain the dream which he 
has nurtured since he was aged 

He worked, alongside his 
father, at Lucas Aerospace in 
Birmingham, but the ambition 
to drive faster than any man 
alive would not leave him. At 
first, be satisfied his Inst for 
speed by go-kart racing, but 
that was not enough. 

So, not long married, he sold 
his house to raise the money to 
enable him to take op Formula 
Ford racing. There was no 
champagne then. At night he 
framed pictures and by day 
went window cleaning in order 
to raise funds. 

While his Formula Ford 
reputation was growing, he 
was running 15 miles a day to 

keep fit and writing 30 letters 
a day to plead for sponsorship. 

His grit paid off. Chi Sun- 
day, when he sits in his Canon- 
Honda-Wniiams car, he will 
, know better than anyone that, 
with 38 points a) far this 
season, he is only one behind 
the mercurial Alain Prost, the 
present world champion. 

Speaking yesterday in his 
calm, nn emotional Mi dlands 
accent, Mansell said that be 
did not dream of the world 
crown. “I would rather nse the 
energy to make the dream 
come true rather than waste it 

Could he have achieved the 
dream if he had been wealthy? 
“Maybe yes, maybe no. If you 
have the wealth I don't know 
whether die hunger is there. 
But though I have the wealth 
the hunger is still with me. 

“What I have achieved has 
been through determination, 
single mindedness and dog- 
gedness. I am never arrogant 
because f believe you can 
always learn something.'” . 

He does not think of danger 
or death. “I take each race as 
it comes, although some pretty 
terrifying things can happen 
like being trapped in a banting 
car and unable to get out" 

For a man whose profession 
has already cost him a broken 
back and neck it was a modest 
Away from the wkbick 
smell of the raring pits, 
Mansell likes to return to his 
Isle of Man home with his wife 
Roseanne, and his children, 
Chloe, aged fom, and Leo, 
aged 18 m o n th s. 

“I am not a tax exile 
because f pay 20 per cent I 


Exhibitions in progress 

Watercolours and oils by 
various artists; The Wykeham 
Galleries. Stockbridge; Tues to 
Sat 10 to 5 (ends Aug 30). 

Paintings by Geoffrey Key 
and John Kimpton; In Celebra- 
I lion of the 50’s’; The Ginnel 
Gallery, 16 Lloyd Si Manches- 
ter; Mon to Fri 9.30 to 5 JO, Sat 
1 1 to 4 (ends July 25). 


Harp recital by Vanessa 
McKeand, St Swiihun's. Kerrn- 
inglon, Oxford, 7.30. 

1812 Night: concert by the 
Band of the Royal Artillery, The 
Parade ground Redoubt For- 
tress. Folkestone. 8. 

Concert by the Schubert tans; 
Holy Trinity Church, Ripoa, 
7.30. , , 

Recital by the choir of King's 
School Rochester, Rochester 
Cathedral 8. 

Concert by the City of Bir- 
mingham Symphony Orchestra. 
Town HalL Birmlmghanffl, 7.30. 

Bath Georgian Festival: Con- 
cert by the Royal Academy of 
Music; The' Pump Room. Bath, 
8 . 

Aylestone School concert, 
Hereford Cathedral, 1.30; Con- 
cert by the Herefordshire 
Schools Orchestra. Shire Hall 
Hereford, 7. 

Chichester Festival: Piano re- 
cital by Andrei Gavrilov. Chich- 
ester Cathedral. 7.30. 


Swale Heritage Festival: Ro- 
wer festival and craft exhibition. 
Holy Trinity Church. Broad- 
way. Sheerness. 10 to 8. 

Book fair. Abbey Theatre, 
Westminster Lodge. St Albans, 
today 2 to 8. tomorrow 10 to 5. 

University of Exeter science 
and engineering open days: 
magic show, computers, demon- 
strations. videos, films and 
working displays. Exeter Uni- 
versity. today and tomorrow. 10 

to 4 . 3 a 


Births: Robert the Bruce, king 
of Scotland 1306-29. 1274; John 
Quincy Adams, sixth president 
of the United States 1825-29. 
Quincy. Massachussets. 1767. 

Deaths: William Ernest Hen- 
ley. poet and critic, Wokine. 

traveller. Baghdad. 1926: Alfred 
Dreyfns. Paris. 1935: George 
Gershwin. Hollywood. 1937; Sir 
Arthur Evans, archaeologist, 
Youlbuiy. Oxfordshire. 1941. 

Food prices 

The first of the English rasp- 
berries are in the shops at 50p- 
60p a quarter lb but strawberries 
at 50p-.75p a lb and gooseberries 
at 35p-50p a lb are a better buy. 
Ogen meltons from Holland at 
£1-£1.75 each and Cyprus sul- 
tana grapes £1.25-£l.35 a lb are 
■now tn the shops. There are two 
new pears from Spain named 
Maurintini- and Lunondar at 

English courgettes at 30p-40p 
a lb are a good buy this week. 
For those who have gazed 
longingly at imported mange- 
tout at about £3 a lb, there is 
now an English crop ranging 
from £l-£2 a lb. Home grown 
peas at 25p-40p a lb and broad 
beans at 30p-40p a lb are also 
available. Cauliflowers 28 p-40p 
each and English new potatoes 
10p-I4p a lb. Jersey Royal 
potatoes 12p-15p a lb and 
mushrooms from 30p-60p a half 

Salad ingredients are plentiful 
with lettuces ranging from 20p- 
65p a head, tomatoes 38p-50p a 
i lb, watercress 25p-35p a bunch. 
Cucumbers 35p-50p each. 

Billingsgate market has a 
superb selection of shellfish this 
week including lobster, crayfish 
and large crab. Cod. dab. 
mackeral grey mullet small 
turbot and halibut are all plenti- 
ful. Herrings and lemon sole are 
probably the best buys. 

Home produced lamb prices 
are still falling. Whole leg prices 
have dropped by 25p a lb in 
some areas. Some good meat 
buys this week are: Tesco: rump 
steak £2.32 a lb and grade A 
frozen duck 69p a Hr. Salisbury: 
extra lean mince £1.32 a lb and 
frozen chickens up to 3t lbs in 
weight at 48p a 1b; 

Tower Bridge 

Tower Bridge will be raised 
today at 10.45 am. 

Top Films 

The top box-office turns in Lon- 

IfiJ A Room With A View 
2(2) Down and Out in Beverly 

3(6) After Hours 
4(5) 9K Weeks 
5(4) The Money Fd 
6(3) House 
7(8) Runaway Train 
. 8(9) Out of Africa 
9H Young Blood 
10(/) Jagged Edge 

The top films In the provinces: 

1 Down and Out in Beverty Hffls 

2 House 

3 ET 

4 9% Weeks 

5 The Jewel of the Nile 

SiOpM by Sown rtmwwl 

Top video rentals 

1 (2) Cocoon 

2(1} Mad Max - Beyond Thun- 
- derdome 

3 (3 ) The Emerald Forest 
4(6) Retch 
5(5) Witness 
6(12) St Brno's Fra 
7(8) Re-Animator 
8(28) Summer Rental 
9 (4 ) Code of Silence 
10(18) Car Trouble 
Supplied by w*»buw»ss 

Pollen count 

The pollen count for London 
and the South-east issued by the 
Asthma Research Council at 10 
am yesterday was 58 (high) 
Forecast for today, similar. For 
today's recording call British 
Telecom’s Wcainerline: 01-246 
8091. which is updated each day 
at 10.30 am. 

Parliament today 



An anticyclone to the NW of 
Scotland will decline slowly to 
allow a depression with its 
associated fronts to bring rain 
to much of the country. 

6 am to midnight 

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Concise crossword page 

Yugoslavia Dor 

Rates far smaR denomination bank notes 
only as supplied by Barclays Bank PuC. 
Different rates apply to travellers* 
cheques and other foreign currency 

ftotaB Price Mmc 38&D 
London: The FT Index dosed up 9.1 at 

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dividend claims. 

could live totally tax free in 
somewhere like Monaco bat 
tiie island is like a fairy tale to 

There he practises on the 
seven island golf, courses 
where he hopes to perfect his 
game sufficiently well to pur- 
sue another great ambition — 
entry into the British Open. 
His handicap is approaching 
par and no one will bet against 

According Mr Peter 
Windsor, public affairs man-, 
ager for the Williams team, 
.Mansell, with his background, 
succeeded against odds of one 
million to one. 

Mansell knows tins Inti he 
is more aware of the 1,300 
mites left to go, which is why 
on Sunday he wiff concentrate 
on reality. The dream can 

Hopes of 

Continued from page 1 

there must be thepossibHity of 
a substantive agreement at the 
second summit before the 
Soviet side will agree to a final 
date. Both predicted that re- 
cent Soviet proposals, to allow 
. some research into the Strate- 
gic Defence initiative (SDI) 
could provide a crucial basis 
for negotiation. V 

M Mitterrand described 
some of the recent arms 
proposals put forward by Mr 
Gorbachov as “fairly 
spectacular" arid, in answer to 
a broad question on the state 
of disarmament negotiations 
between East and West, con- 
cluded: “The path is. a little 
clearer, before us, and that is 

an improvement.'' 

| On the key summit ques- 
tion, Dr Owen said that Mr 
Dobrynin, now head of the 
international department of 
the Communist Party’s Cen- 
j tral Committee, had . made 
clear that before, agreeing a 
[ date the Soviet -side needed to 
know that at least one oudear 
issue would be discussed with 
the chance of a substantive 
agreement. •• “ " 

He added his talks had 
made it dear that ihe.Soviet 
Government understood that 
it could no longer hope to 
prevent research bn SD] 

M Mitterrand, although em- 
phasizing his adherence to the 
Nato alliance, indicated 
French sympathy for the Sovi- 
et stand cm a. number of arms 
control issues- 

The only sour note con- 
cerned the vexed question of 
human rights, particularly toe 
unresolved case of Dr Andrei 
Sakharov, the exiled Soyiet 
physicist and bis wile, Mrs 
Yelena -Bbnner, who met M 
Mitterrand in Paris in May. 

• JERUSALEM: Mr Yitzhak 
Shamir, toe Israeli Foreign 
Minister, yesterday . rejected 
Mr Gorbachov’s call for. the 
five permanent members ‘ of 
the UN Security Council to 
hold a conference on the 
Middle East (Reuter reports). 

“We will not accept any 
imposed solutions of our 
problems," Mr Shamir said. 
Shevardnadze visit, page 7 
False picture, page 16 

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66 sunny ' 
57 rein 
70 sunny 
7 63 britfi.- 
G 61 bright - 
B 64 sunny 

5 50 ran • 
9 66 sonny 

7 63 did 

8 64 bngM 

C F 
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9 SB 79 
s 29 84 
s 30 86 
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Ais d 




FRIDAY JULY 11 1986 

Executive Editor 
Kenneth Fleet 

S^wfT.'-.r. . 

i- Ass' t'.r. 



*«- i T '- 

. ;■ 

T: 5 ,j~t. s- 


US Dollar 
t.5170 (-0.0080) 

WGeiman marie 
3.2968 (-0.0342) 

74.9 (-0.6) 

Allied wins 

AJlied-Lyons has won an- 
other round in its $CaaZ6 
* billion (£1.24 billion) quest to 
buy Hiram Walker's drinks 
: division. Ontario Supreme 

Court has dismissed with 
costs the appeal by Olympia & 
York, Hiram's parent, against 
approval of Hiram's right to 
sell the division to Allied. 

' Allied still has two major 
hurdles to dear. On Wednes- 
day it begins court action in an 
attempt to force O & Y to 
honour Allied’s contract with 
the previous management and 
to seek damages of up to 
$Can9 billion. This case is 
expected to last for weeks. 

And Investment Canada, 
the Canadian monopolies au- 
thority, still has to approve the 

.* Birmid jumps 

Birmid Qualcast, the found- 
ry company, increased profits 
from £3.68 million to £6.14 
million before tax in the six 
months to June 3. Turnover 
fell from £1 12 million to £109 
million and the interim divi- 
dend is 1.25p, up from 
0.75p. Tempos, page 26 

Market debut 

Stanley Leisure, which op- 
eraies 1 17 betting shops and 
four casinos in the North and 
Midlands, is coming to the 
stock market next week with a 
.a placing of 273 million shares 
f at 1 IQp eqch, Tempus, page 26 

Pao snaps up 10% 

Standard stake 

Sir Yue-Kong Pao, the 
Hong Kong shipping and 
property magnate, has made a 
dramatic entry into the bid 
battle for the Standard Char- 
tered banking group by build- 
ing up a stake of almost 10 per 
cent m two bout&qf buying on 
the London Stock Exchange. 

He announced a 5.4 percent 
stake overnight and then 
bought a further 7 million 
shares yesterday morning, 
putting his total stake at 9.97 
per cent The stake is worth 
about £120 million. 

The buying came after the 
purchase of a 5 per cent stake 
by the Singapore financier. 
Tan Sri Khoo Teck Puat, who 
had also declared his support 
for Standard Chartered's con- 
tinued independence. 

With other holdings, it is 
thought that about 20 per cent 

of Standard Chartered shares 
are now committed to the 

Shares in Standard Char- 
tered plunged oh the news as 
market fears grew that the £13 
billion takeover bid by Lloyds 
Bank might fail. At one time 
Standard shares fell from 802p 
to 767p and dosed 2Sp down 
at 777p. 

Lloyds Merchant Bank also 
bought a further 3 million 
shares on behalf of Lloyds 
Bank after buying 4 million on 

With holdings in the Lloyds 
Bank pension fund, this brings 
the bidder's stake to the 
maximum 5 per cent allowed 
under United States banking 

Once this buying stopped, 
the Standard Chartered share 
price fell quickly and that of 
Lloyds rose equally steeply, 
gaining 25p to 422p before 
slipping to 41 9p. Consequent- 
ly, Lloyds’ calculates the value 
of its alternative bid, which 
contains ordinary shares, at 
872p, nearly £1 per share 
above the Standard price. 

Lloyds puts its basic offer at 
842p. Standard Chartered 
puts a lower valuation on 
Lloyds’ unquoted convertible 
preference shares. 

Mr Nicholas Jones of J 

Inmos to shift production 
from US to South Wales 


W First test 

British Electricity Interna- 
tional, the overseas consultan- 
cy run by the electricity supply 
industry, has completed, the 
intitial testing of a £400,000 
wind generator for the Barba- 
dos Government. 

Inmos. the semicondutor 
manufacturing company 
owned by Thom EM), is to 
cease production in the US. 
The work will be transferred 
from Colorado to its plant at 
Newport, Gwent, 

Thorn EMI, which yester- 
day announced its results for 
the year to March 31, said the 
rationalization programme, 
involving the loss of 450 jobs 
in Colorado Springs, started 

Inmos made a loss of £25 
million before interest last 
year, against a profit of £4.2 
million in the previous period 
and a budgeted breakeven. 

Sir Graham WiJkins, 
Thorn’s chairman, said: 
“Inmos remains our major 
problem. There is no pick-up 
in the semiconductor or pe- 
ripheral .market.” He said tire 
transfer of production to New- 
port would reduce costs by S3 
million (£1.9 million) a 
month, but to reach breakeven 
Inmos would have to increase 
sales slightly. 

Thom acquired 76 per cent 

Cash call 
for £23m 

By Clare Dobie 

of Inmos from the Govern- 
ment two years ago. Its current 
shareholding is 95 per cent 
Thom's profits of £104.7 
million before tax, down from 
£1108.3 million, were better 
than expected, despite the 
problems at Inmos. On the 
stock market its shares initial- 
ly rose by 44p to 51 Ip but later 
fell back to 487p. 

Mr Southgate said the re- 
sults reflected an underlying 
trading improvement of more 
than 15 percent 
There was an extraordinary 
charge of £61 million , includ- 
ing £45 million for the cost of 
rationalization and equip- 
ment write-offs at Inmos. The 
rest of the extraordinary 
charge was made up of £10 
million costs of transferring 
television rental business out 
of Rumbeiows and £6 milion 
costs of dsoing the cable 
business. . 

The final dividend was 
unchanged at 12_5p, leaving 
the total at 17.5p. The divi- 
dend was covered 1 .5 times by 
after tax profits. Attributable 

profits were only £400,000. 

Sir Graham said Thom bad 
completed its programme of 
major disposals. In addition 
to Thom EMI Screen Enter- 
tainment which Thom sold 
controversially to Bond Cor- 
poration, it has recently dis- 
posed of its heating business, 
companies in Metal Industries 
and its cable television 

Taken together the proceeds 
amount to £200 million. 

Thom admitted that its 
American music business, 
with pop stars such as Tina 
Turner and David Bowie, 
made a loss of $20 million last 

Mr Colin Southgate, ! 
Thom's managing director, 
said it was still hoping to find 
a partner for Inmos but that 
would only be possible when 
the company was breaking 

Jf Inmos does not return to 
breakeven in the current year 
further action win be consid- 
ered, including closure. 

Tempus, page 26 

GRE victory insurer 

Guardian Royal Exchange, UL 1II3U1 VI 

Tunnel prospectus 
may be delayed 

Guardian Royal Exchange, 
the insurance company, has 
won approval from the City of 
London Corporation for its 
£20 million refurbishment of 
the Royal Exchange, a land- 
mark in the Square Mile. 

Talks off 

- Texas Air Corp said it had 
traded talks with People Ex- 
press about acquiring the ail- 
mg carrier after the People 
Express board rejected its $9 a 
share cash and stock offer. 

ATS go-ahead 

Wemyss Investments has de- 
clared its offer for ATS Re- 
sources unconditional on 
receiving acceptances -for 33 
per cent shares. Wemyss al- 
ready owns 27 per cent of 

Sale success 

Windsmoor's offer for sale 
of 6.6 million shares has been 

Comment 23 
Stuck Market 23 
Foreign Ext* 23 
Traded Opts 23 
Money Mrkts 23 
Unit Trusts 24 

Commodities 24 
USM Prices 24 
Sbuc Pres 25 
Tempos » 
Cranny News 26 

WaU Street 26 

By Onr City Staff 

London United Invest- 
ments, the insurance company 
and underwriting agent, has 
asked its shareholders for 
£23.4 million net in a one-for- 
two rights issue at 330p. It is 
LUTs third rights issue in 
three years. 

The money will be used to 
allow its subsidiary insurance 
company. Walbrook, to un- 
derwrite a far higher level of 
American casualty business. 

Premium rates in American 
casualty have risen by four to 
six rimes their levels of last 
year and the overall lack of 
capacity in the insurance in- 
dustry means that good busi- 
ness is going begging, the 
company said. J 

LIU has forecast a dividend 
increase this year of more than 
50 percent compared with last 
year’s total of 15p net 

Its taxable profits last year 
climbed by 52 per cent to £9.4 
million, due to the higher 
volume of business and im- 
provement in premium rates 
- and despite an adverse 
currency movement of £1.5 

The shares rose 15p to 418p 

By Our City Staff 

Lord Pennock, joint chair- 
man of Eurotunnel, the Anglo- 
French consortium which 
won the Channel tunnel con- 
tract, will today By to allay 
fears that the project is facing 
delays . 

He is expected to stress that 
the precise tuning of the 
prospectus to raise the first 
£200 million of funding for the 
£62 billion project is not 
material to the overall timing 
of the project 

The prospectus to raise 
£200 million through a private 
insiritutiona! placing was ex- 
pected to be published in its 
“red herring” form this 

It may now not appear until 
September. Those dose to the 
project said yesterday that the 
French, who will provide 35 
per cent of the £200 million, 
tend to be on holiday in 
August. Many of the British 
institutional fond managers, 
who will provide an addition- 
al 35 per cent, are also away. 

Eurotunnel is understood to 
want to settle all the prelimi- 
nary arrangements with 
banks, railways and contrac- 
tors before starting the fund- 
ing process. 

The contracts with con- 

LoitJ Pennock: attempting to 
allay fears about tuning 

struction companies are 
thought to be Teaching their 
final form, after delays work- 
ing out the level of risk 
assumption by the various 
parties. _ 

Mr John Franklin, of advis- 
ing bank Morgan Grenfell, 
said yesterday that they were 
pleased with project's 
progress. ”It is a large project 
and there is a lot to be done,” 
be added. 

The £200 million fond rais- 
ing exercise will be followed 
next year by an £800 million 
equity raising from the public. - 
This will not begin until the 
Parliamentary process is com- 
pleted next summer. 

Henry Schroder Wagg. the 
merchant bank advising Stan- 
dard Chartered, admitted that 
the share price fall stemmed 
from a possible failure of the 
bid, which closes for accep- 
tances at 1 pm on Saturday. 

Mr David Horne of Lloyds 
Merchant Bank said that the 
Standard Chartered share 
price might relapse below 
700p if the bid foiled and it 
was no longer profitable for 
shareholders to sell in the 
market. He said: “Sharehold- 
ers now have nothing to lose 
by accepting.” 

The intentions of Standard 
Chartered's powerful new 
shareholders in the Far East, 
the most important part of the 
bank’s operation, are unclear. 
Sir Yue-Kong made an expen- 
sive counter offer to stop Tan 
Sri Khoo buying the Hong 
Kong group, Wheelock 
Maiden. so the two are unlike- 
ly to be seen as allies. 

N Sea oil 
fall again 

By David Young 
Energy Correspondent 

World oil prices continued 
their slide yesterday with 
North Sea crude being quoted 
at $9.70 a barrel amid con- 
tinuing reports of prices below 
$7 a barrel for high quality 
Middle East crude. 

The foil brings the prospect 
of lower petrol prices closer 
and will also lead to further 
pressure on industrial coal 
prices as the main users in the 
private sector — the chemical, 
paper-making and cement in- 
dustries — are offered lower- 
priced, heavy foel oil. 

The price decline has also 
forced the Norwegian govern- 
ment to reconsider its taxation 
system on oil produced in its 
sector of the North Sea. At 
present royalties from oil from 
the leading Norwegian fields 
range from eight to 16 per cent 
with companies also paying a 
35 per cent tax on profits 
derived from the North Sea. 

The Norwegian government 
is now considering cutting the 
35 per cent tax rate to 30 per 
cent m order to help compa- 
nies maintain their explora- 
tion programmes in the race of 
Ming re vn ues. 

The British Government is 
already under pressure to 
bring forward the scheduled 
date for repayment of Ad- 
vanced Petroleum Revenue 
Tax to help the smaller oil 
companies weather the 
present financial storm. 

The pound fell yesterday, in 
response to the renewed weak- 
ness of oil prices. Sterling’s 
drop, following the money 
supply figures on Tuesday, 
removed remaining City 
hopes for a cut in base rales. 

This is despite the fact that 
inflation figures due today are 
expected to show a fall in the 
rate from 2.8 per cent in May 
to around 25 per cent last 

The pound fell by 80 points 
to $1.5170 against the dollar, 
and by more than three pfen- 
nigs to DM 3.2 968 against the 
mark. The sterling index fell 
0.6 to 74.9. 

After the June money sup- 
ply figures, showing a 1.25 per 
cent rise in sterling M3 and a 
£2.1 billion increase in bank 
lending, City analysts said that 
the prospect of lower base 
rates now rested with rate 
reductions in other countries. 

Yesterday, Mr Satoshi 
Sumita, the Governor of the 
Bank of Japan, said in Tokyo 
that he saw no reason for a cut 
in the discount rate, currently 
3.5 per cent 

Oil power shift, page 22 

market summary 


! BSJ SSL 1806-52 (-19-55) 

Nikkei Dow 17409.82 (-36.29) 

; S&sjgKffl 

Sydney: AO 1 1341 (+1 1 J) 

gSSSwnk — 1859-8(+2 1 -8) 

E "MfiSU 

ft Parte CAC 3723 (+4.U 

Zurich: _, a 

SKA General IT 

London dosing prices Page« 


3-montfi etfgiWe Ntfs-n/a 
buying rate 

Prime Rate 8^2^ 

Federal Funds 6"'g*> _ - ***, 

TrMRlirV BUIS 5-85-0. tw 70 

30-year bonds f 


WiBiams Holding — 

Mow ten J 

Wiggins — - 


Thom EMI .. — ~ — *•- 

E-R-F-fHoWngg ft — 
Reed International ... 

De La Rue Co 

Body Shop 

Timothy Aitken issues writ 
against former company 



Z $1.5170 
£ DM3.2960 
£ SwFr2.69Z7 
£ FFr10.5834 
E Yen243.2l 


&S1.5175 „ 

8; DM2.1750 
£ index; 113-7 

ECU HJ-64764B 
SDR £0-774537 

ConirieUs Esta® — — - 

SaatcW — — 

Wight Collins — 

Siebe — - — 

Nu Swift 

Barclays — 

Lloyds — - 

London United — — — 

Daigety — — 





Mr Timotey Aitken, chair- 
man of tee TV-am company 
which is coming to tee Unlist- 
ed Securities Market, has 
began proceedings for libel 
against Aitkea Home Interna- 
tional, the financial services 
group from white he resigned 
as chief executive in 

The writ, issued last night 
by his solicitors, DJ. Freeman 
& Co-, concents a letter to 
shareholders written on 
Wednesday by Mr Tony Con- 
stance, his successor at Aitken 
Home, as part of tee grwqi’s 
defence against a takeover bid 
by Mr Nick Oppenheim's 
Tranwood Group. , 

The writ also covers a 
defence document issued last 

The letter referred to Mr 
Aitken’s acrimonious depar- 
ting from Aitken Home, which 
he ran with his cousin, Mr 
Jonathan Aitken, as well as 

By Richard Lander 

the resignation of the former 
finance director, Mr Michael 
Storey, and tee former proper- 
ty director, Mr John Kidd. 

The letter also alleged over- 
statement of the value and 
profits of Aitken Home’s 
properly interests in the 
company's previous accounts. 

Mr Timothy Aitken’s resig- 
nation, amid reports of a 
testily fend with his cousin, 
marked the start of a tumultu- 
ous period for Aitken Hume. A 
sharp drop in interim profits 
was followed in May by tee 
unwelcome all-paper bid by 
Mr Oppenhrim. who has al- 
ready received acceptances for 
just over 50 per cent of the 

Shortly before tee bid 
Prince Michael of Kent re- 
signed as a non-executive 

Aitken Home's results for 
the year to March 31, issued in 
last month's defence docu- 

ment, showed an £8 l 95 million 
loss after extraordinary items 
compared with a million 
profit in 1984-85. 

Yesterday's defence letter 
restated Aitken Home's con- 
tused opposition to Tranwood 
on the grounds that the bid 
could result in tee loss of NSR, 
its valuable US fond manage- 
ment subsidiary. 

Most of NSR’s independent 
directors, who under American 
law have to re-award tee 
company's investment man- 
agement contracts after a 
change of control, have come 
out against Tranwood, al- 
though Mr Oppenbeim hopes 
to change their minds at a 
meeting to be held soon in New 

It was also announced yes- 
terday teat another Aiteen 
Hume director, Mr Geoffrey 
Hyde, has resigned to take up 
another job in tee United 


V; • ' • „- *• 

Sir John Clark: board mammons on independence 

Plessey squares up 
for big bid fight 

By Cliff Feltham 

Sir John Clark, Plessey's 
chairman, yesterday warned 
GEC that it faces a big battle if 
the Monopolies Commission 
gives it the go-ahead to renew 
its £1.2 billion takeover bid. 

“The board is Hnanimons in 
its determination to protect 
and retain Plessey's in- 
dependence,” he told share- 
holders at the company's 
annual wwHng. . . 

He was also promised- sup- 
port from the Pfessey 
workforce which yesterday re- 
affirmed its resistance to a 
GEC takeover and staged a 
protest march to 10 Downing 

Sir John, who qnashed re- 
ports that he had held private 
talks with Lord Weinstock, 
the GEC chief, said Plessey's 
prospects as an independent 
company were good. 

He said teat new business 
plans should be generating 
£400 million sales in 1987-88 
and £850 million by tee end of 
the decade. 

Sir John said that a com- 
bined Plessey-GEC group 
would mean that “it would 
become virtually impossible 
for the Ministry of DefenceJo 
obtain competitive tenders for 
naval and air defence radar 

systems except from abroad.” 

Sir John told shareholders: 
“We have no wish to become a 
conglomerate, still less part of 
a conglomerate.” He said the 
Plessey business would be at 
risk If GEC took over. 

In tee City yesterday opin- 
ion was still divided over 
whether the Monopolies Com- 
mission — expected to hand its 
report over to the Secretary of 
Stole next week — will give 
GEC the green tight 

Mr Alan Quinton, electron- 
ics analyst at W GreenwelL, 
tee stockbrokers, said: “Hie 
feeling is teat GEC will get tee 
go-ahead and will then make a 
bid although at tee moment 
Plessey seems to be winning 
more of the pnblte relations 
battle than GEC” 

Mr Doaglas Hawkins, ana- 
lyst with James Capei, the 
brokers, was less sore about 
the outcome and even more 
doubtful whether GEC would 
be prepared to launch a toke- 
. over bid at Plessey's current 
market price. 

k T don't chink Lord 
Weinstock will be prepared to 
line the City's pockets with 
gold. He certainly will not 
want to pay anything like the 
current price,” be said. 



lift ban 

By Alison Eadie 

Mr Ian Posgate, once 
dubbed the “Goldfinger” of 
the Lloyd's insurance market 
because of bis underwriting 
success, has lost his appeal to 
be allowed to return to active 

Lord Wilbeiforce, the head 
of Lloyd's appeals tribunal, 
dismissed Mr Posgate’s appeal 
against Lloyd’s verdict that he 
was not a “fit and proper 
person” to do business in the 

Lord Wilbeiforce said that, 
as the Council of Lloyd's had 
before it materia! upon which 

Where are interest 
rates heading? 
Kenneth Fleet’s column 
is on page 23 

it could decide that Mr 
Posgate was not Stand proper, 
its decision was not 

He said the only real issue 
was whether he should remit 
to the council specific matters 
raised by the appeals tribunal 
which the council had not 
considered, or ask the council 
to ignore specific matters 
which it had taken into ac- 
coudl Lord Wilbeiforce wrote 
in his decision: “I do not find 
any such matters can be 

The dismissal of his appeal 
appears to mark the end of Mr 
Potato’s four-year battle to 
return to Lloyd's. He said he 
was very sorry the appeal had 

Mr Posgate was suspended 
from active underwriting in 
1982 after the Alexander 
Howden affair blew up. Alex- 
ander & Alexander Services, 
the American insurance com- 
pany which look over 
Howden, alleged that $55 
million bad gone misting from 
Howden managed insurance 
syndicates of which Mr 
Posgate was the underwriter. 

Mr Posgate was accused but 
found not guilty by a Lloyd’s 
disciplinary committee of 
misappropriating funds dis- 
honestly, plundering a rein- 
surance company for his 
personal benefit and seriously 
falsifying group accounts. He 
was, however, found guilty of 
accepting a Pissarro painting 
as a bribe and of not declaring 
his stake in the Banque du 
Rhone et de la Tamise. 

The disciplinary committee 
recommended Mr Posgate’s 
expulsion from Uoyd's for 
life, but its verdict was over- 
turned by Lord Wilbeiforce in 
an appeal in May 1985. Lord 
Wilbeiforce substituted a six- 
month suspension on Mr 

Mr Posgate was prevented 
from returning to work in the 
insurance market after his 
suspension expired because 
Uoyd's ruling council deemed 
him not to be a “fit and 
proper” person. 


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Balance of power shifts to oil companies 

ic rnntiniiine iinCHtBilUV I 

. Market forces are emerging 
'as a significant determinant of 
■oil prices. However, among 
.‘the other contenders for this 
role, the oil companies as a 
■group may now have more 
'flexibility to exert their influ- 
ence than does the Organiza- 
tion of Petroleum Exporting 

■ Countries. 

, This perhaps surprising 
conclusion can be drawn from 
Ian examination of what has 
:been happening to stocks 
I In classical economic the- 
! cry, he who controls supply at 

■ the margin controls the price. 
’Opec’s grip on marginal oil 

supplies in 1974 combined 
with rising demand was the 
power base from which it was 
able to multiply the oil price. 

The forces causing its subse- 
quent slide were falling de- 
mand and the resultant 
gradual loss of control by 
Opec. As demand fell Opec 
became less able to cut its 
production back further until 
gradually it became virtually 
[powerless to adjust supply at 
the margin. 

However, in this supply and 
’demand equation there was 
another element which is of- 
ten underestimated, but 
which, in the light of what is 
happening now, assumes great 
significance. In the three years 
from 1981 to 1983, the oil 
companies ran their stocks 
down by an average of about 1 
million barrels a day. 

In 1984 and 1985, the 
destocking process continued 
at a slower rate, but was 
probably still close to 400,000 
barrels a day. Inventory was 
therefore a significant source 
of oil supply during the last 



five years. It was also, as Opec 
raised the oil price, the cheap- 
est source. 

Most important of all. it was 
under the control of the oil 
companies, and they drew 
stocks down most heavily in 
the winter months, the time of 
greatest demand. This 
smoothed out the seasonal 
fluctuations in the refiner’s 
requirements from Opec and 
effectively gave the industry at 
least some control over the 
marginal barrel. 

A resumption of Opec con- 
trol is at the root of the 

thinking of those who believe 
that the oil price will stabilize 
in the$I5to$l8 a barrel range 
rn the foreseeable future. This, 
has been forecast to take place 
this autumn 

However, all the evidence 
points to the conclusion that 
Opec will not resume control 
in such a short time. 

To begin with, it appears 
that the oil companies are 
stocking up on a massive 
scale. Oil is plentiful and 
cheap and storage tanks are 
empty. Output from Opec is at 
present estimated to be nearly 

19 million barrels a day. a 
level which is almost certainly 
not justified by underlying 
demand and it is entirely 
possible that stocks are now 
being rebuilt at the rate of as 
much as 2 million barrels a 

While no one can be sure 
what is happening to demand, 
it clearly is not rising as for or 
as fast as the fall in the price.' 
Oil is still not significantly 
cheaper than other fuels in 
many of its uses. There is also 
a strong antipathy towards oil 
among consumers and there is 

little appetite for switching 
back to what is seen as an 
unreliable energy source. 

Compound this wiih the 
fact that the summer is a time 
of weak demand and it be- 
comes clear that the underly- 
ing demand for Opec oil is 
probably not much more than 
17 million barrels a day and 
the only reason Opec is able to 
produce at 19 million barrels a 
day at all, is because the 
industry is stocking up. 

These replenished slocks 
will give the industry enor- 
mous flexibility. While there 

03 stocks are difficult to 
define and measure. At 
present. Organization for Eco- 
nomic Co-operation and De- 
velopment nations bold stocks 
of more * han 3 billion barrels. 
Industry stocks are thought to 
be at their lowest levels since 
1979, at 75 days of forward 

Industry stocks consist of 
stocks at the refinery, of erode 

oil waiting to be processed, 
and refined products awaiting 
sale. 03 contained in tankers 
from the oilfields to the refin- 
ery are usually included. 

Strategic stocks are an 
anachronism from the days of 
oilsbortages and are held ei- 
ther by governments or as a 
result of government direction. 

Consumer stocks, most dif- 
ficult of all to measure, include 

everything from petrol in pet- 
rol stations, fuel o3 in power 
stations to domestic <31 tanks. 

When the o3 price was high, 
the industry ran its stocks 
down for several commercial 
reasons. Most pressing was 
the cost of holding unneces- 
sary inventory when the ster- 
ling price was £30 and interest 
rates were a lot higher than 
they are now. 

Meanwhile, falling demand 
created a surplus of refineries, 
many of which had been built 
in expectation of rising de- 
mand. As these refineries were 
dosed, their stocks were sold. 

Those refineries which re- 
mained were modernized and 
upgraded, and as they became 
more efficient, lower stocks 
were needed to run than. 

is continuing uncertainty in 
the market- created by Opec s 
penchant for holding meetings 
and its inability to agree 
anything except which Euro- 
pean resort it will favour for 
its next meeting, stocks can be 
used as a buffer to smooth out 

There have been w weU- 
documented occasions in the 
Iasi 5 years when the compa- 
nies have run down stocks at 
the rate of more than 4 million 
barrels a day. Such periods 
have been brief, but effective 
in eroding Opec's power. 

Compare this with Opecs 
inability to shave 1 or 2 
million barrels a day on its 
output levels and it soon 
becomes apparent where the 
power lies. The oil companies 
appear to have greater control 
over the marginal barrel than 
Opec does. 

For Opec to regain control, 
there .will need to be a material 
and sustained rise in demand. 

As it is the refiners who buy 
oil in the market, they create 
the demand, or choose to use 
stocks as the case may be. 
Ultimately, therefore, market 
forces may now be more 
responsible for current price 
levels than at any time in 
living memory. 

Demand for oil will nse in 
the winter quarters of 1986/7 
as it has in every other year. 
This increased demand will 
perhaps fall on Opec. But if it 
threatens to raise prices, the 
industry may well turn to that 
low cost marginal source of 
supply, its inventories, ensur- 
ing that prices do not rise by 

much ‘ Carol Ferguson 

V V '&*****#**£E^S r.V-'. 

*-■ C " & , ' 

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A bank which fully harnesses this 
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Standard Chartered has not just the 
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target orders in London, Hong Kong, 
New York and, if necessary, a further 
seventeen major financial centres. 

We can also arrange for you to deal 
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ing room outside your local time zone. 

And because of the depth of our 
involvement in so many of the world’s 
key economies, no other bank can trade 
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basis, in a larger number of currencies. 

Foreign exchange dealing is one of 
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of 2000 branches in over 60 countries - 
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To find our more, contact your nearest 

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Standard & Chartered 



l VM* 

Tidal barrages 
face snags 
on financing 

By Derek Hurts, Industrial Editor 

Irrevocable decisions on the 
future of several energy-pro- 
ducing tidal barrages around 
Britain are still at least three 
years away. ' 

This means that they will 
not test the present 
Government's sceptical ap- 
proach to public sector spend- 
ing where the private sector 
offers an apparent option. 

So it was to some extent 
easy this week for Mr Peter 
Walker. Secretary of State for 
Energy, to give sufficient cash 
belp to boost investigations of 
t iHal barrages on the Severn 
and the Mersey while also 
funding a fresh look at some 
smaller prospects 1 including 
Morecambe Bay and the 

But the arithmetic of the 
biggest of the barrage plans, 
which would throw a 10-mile 
causeway across the Severn at 
a cost of £5.5 billion, suggests 
that the rates of return on the 
sort of investment needed for 
such schemes are relatively 
modest, judged against what 
might be expected to attract 
unstinting private investment. 

The Severn Tidal - Power 
Group (STPG) estimates the 
rate of return at 7.4 per cent 
for a barrage between. Cardiff 
and Weston-super-Mare. A 
less ambitious barrage further 
up river at Avonmouth is 
estimated to have a likely 
return of 7.7 per cent, al- 
though one of the difficulties 
with this siting could be 
extensive silting problems, 
one factor which led STPG to 
favour the Cardiff-Weston 

The cost of the upper bar- 
rage (£1.1 billion) is only a 
I fifth of the bigger one. On a 

Mersey barrage, which is 
smaller still at a projected cost 
of £450 million, the rate of 
return has been put at a 
minimum of 8. per cent 

The newly-launched Mer- 
sey Barrage Company has 
forecast that its project would 
be a money-maker. But it 
would expect substantial help 
from Economic Community 
sources at the construction 

The STPG is more guarded, 
suggesting that the rates of 
return on the Severn are too 
low for private sector financ- 
ing without some Govern- 
ment support. Given the 
inherent risks allied to long 
lead times - it would be near 
the turn of the century before 
the Cardiff-Weston barrage 
would begin producing 
electricty for sale — private 
investors as the only source of 
finance would demand much 
higher rates of return, STPG 

Nobody is making a public 
estimate on what sort of rates 
of return that implies, but a 
good guess would seem to be 
between 12 and 14 per cent. 

It does not mean that rates 
need be as high as that for less 
ambitious schemes if only 
because the lead times are 
shorter. The Mersey barrage 
could be in operation by 1996 
as plans now stand. 

Dearly foe funding problem 
might be tackled in several 
ways. There could be some 
form of underwriting by Gov- 
ernment There could be long- 
term contracts with the 
Central Electricity Generating 
Board, with Government 
backing, to offset risks of low 
oil prices cutting too far for 
comfort the going rate for 
buying in- electricity. 

Yet. eventually, once the 
capital cost of setting up a 
barrage is paid off in 20 yeans 
or so, the running costs would 
be low and profits could run at 
several hundreds of mill ions 
pounds a year. As STPG has 
pointed out, a Cardiff-Weston 
barrage would be a large-scale 
national asset. 

A recent inspection at the 
Ranee barrage in Brittany, 
which has been in operation 
about 20 years, showed that its 
turbines were almost as good 
as when they were installed. 
But such a long timescale 
before equity investors could 
see a rich return is so fer 
outside normal commercial 
experience, STPG pointed 

What the STPG study 
makes clear is that it should be 
possible to produce electricity 
from a barrage at a cost 
equivalent to that of nuclear 
power stations, undercutting 
coal-fired station costs. 

Various arguments are be4 
ing put forward suggesting 
that the essential variability of 
tidally-produced power is a 
lesser problem than it has 

When the government of 
the day eventually feces a 
decision on how to pus# 
barrage schemes forward there 
is a crucial factor beyond the! 
attraction of a non-polluting 
source of power. Apart from 
the jobs arising during the 
construction phase ' there 
could be substantial job cre- 
ation from barrage schemes 
because of tourism and other 

The Severn scheme could 
produce 30,000 longrterm 
jobs, it is estimated. It would 
also provide a new road link 
between South Wales and 
England leading, it is claimed! 
to more industrial develops 




ABN 10.00% 

Man & Company 10.00% 

BCCI 10.00% 

Citibank Swings! - — 10.75% 

Consofetated Cnis 10.00% 

Continental Trust ~™.10.Q0% 

Co-operative Bank 101)0% 

C. Hoare 4 Co 10.00% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai 10.00% 

Lloyds Bank 10.00% 

Nat Westminster 10.00% 

Royal Bank of Scotland™ 10.00% 

TSB 10.00% 

Citibank NA_ 10.00% 

Mortem Bate Rate. 



( E30 f 000-£250M j 
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our services will be completely tree. 


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Tel: Alain Dumont on 01-491 1193 for full details. 





APR 34.4%). 




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Confidence evaporates after dull 
performance on Wall Street 

The London Slock market 
staned the day in a confident 
mood yesterday, showing in- 
V S° re forward and 

few- 08 . *? ^.remaining 

ill -effects of this week's 
record-breaking fall But con- 
fidence is a fragile commodity 

By Michael Clark 

below the line. The shares 
eventually finished only 20p 
higher at 497p. 

Early attempts at a rally by 
Government securities ended 
in failure. The market is still 
clearly disappointed by the 

1560-1 Pence 



fidence is a fragile commodity SS? y JS appoinle ? the 

in the City these days and £?* mone y “Ptfy fi sures 
another dull performance on J* 1 ^ published on Tues- 

Wall Street during the first few 
hours of trading certainly left 
«s mark. 

!_ Share prices may be in a 
nervous mood when trading 
resumes t oday. 

® Shareholders of Manga- 
nese Bronze look set for a dis- 
appointment. The sale of 
the London Taxis Internation- 
al subsidiary, rumours of 
which lifted the shares from 
$2p to a high of 78p this 
year, is off. Manganese is be- 
lieved to have had a firm 
offer of £13 million, including 
the assumption of £6.5 mil- 
lion debt. Manganese is capi- 
talized at only £1 1.8 
million, but the chairman and 
Chief executive Mr Dennis 
Poore apparently wanted 

, The FT index of 30 shares 
was looking a little tired after 
hours and closed below its 
best levels of the day. Having 
been 12.5 up at 4 pm, its lead 
was reduced to 9.1 at 1340.6 
by the close. The broader- 
based FT-SE 100 was also 
looking anxious after seeing 
an earlier lead of 17.3 reduced 
to 12.1 at 1,626.7. 

Dealers made the most of 
some bener-than-expecied fig- 
ures from Thom EMI which 
hit Slip at one stage, before 
analysts had a closer look at 
them and decided they were 
not all they were cracked up to 
be. Dealers claimed that the 
company had been given a 
rough ride at the analysts 1 
meeting after the figures, 
showing a £60 million loss 

day. scrapping all hopes of an 
imminent cut in base rates. 
The continued weakness of 
the US bond market is also 
affecting sentiment By the 
dose, prices were about £*A 

Among the leaders, British 
Telecom continued to rally 
following weakness earlier m 
the week on fears that a future 
Labour Government would 
renationalize the shares at a 
basic 1 3 Op. The group has 
now received news that its 
pricing structure is not to 
come under investigation by 
Oftel, the Government’s 
watchdog for the telecom- 
munications industry. 

BT rose by 4p to 208p, after 
21 2p. Some brokers claim the 
shares, which have fallen 30 
per cent in recent weeks, are 
good value at these levels. 

The property sector contin- 
ues to buzz with speculation 
that a large bid is on the way. 
Yesterday, the speculators' 
money was resting on Proper- 
ty Holdings Investment Trust, 
up 8p at 145p. Marketmen are 

talking of a bid of I60p a share 
from rival Greycoat Proper- 
ties. unchanged at 272p. 

That would value PHIT at 
£127 million. 

tnrmpH w v 5l9p. Lloyds stood out with a 

leap of 22p to 419p, still 
battling for control of Stan- 

meiger of British Home Stores 
and Habitat Mothercare, was 
a firm market 7p up at 333p. 
Last night, the group opened 
its latest Mothercare store in 
London's Knightsbridge and 
invited a number of retail 
analysis to attend Some obvi- 
ously thought they might have 
something interesting to say. 

Bid hopes lifted Bestobefl 
by 15p to 500jx There is 
growing speculation that 
BTR’s 24 per cent stake may 
soon be up for grabs and that a 
full bid for Bestobell will 

The big four high street 
clearing banks enjoyed their 
best performance in weeks as 
investors came in for the 
shares ahead of the interim- 



Accord Pub (125p) 
Afumasc (i50p) 

Antler (130p) 
Arlington (lisp) 
AsWey (L) (135c) 
BBB Design (67p) 
Beaverco (I45p) 

BtptH (374p) 

Borland (i25p) 
Bredero (145p) 
Campbell Armstrong 
Chelsea Man (I25p) 
Cfarlce Hooper (I30p] 
Coated Electrodes (S 
Densrtron (58p) 

Evans HaBsbaw (i20p) 
Fields (Mrs) (T40pJ 
Guthrie Corp (150p) 


Looex (145 p) 

Monotype (57p) 

Morgan Grenfell (500p) 

Shield (72p) 

SmaKbone (I65p) 
Soundtracks (40p) 

Task Force (S5p) 
Templeton (21 5p) 
Tenby (nds (112p) 
Thames TV (I90p) 
Tibbet & Britten (120p) 









battling for control of Stan- 
dard Chartered ahead of 
Saturday’s closing date. 

The Hong Kong-based en- 
trepreneur, Sir Yue-Kong Pao 
has announced that he has 
acquired 8.41 million shares 
in Standard Chartered, or 5.4 
per cent of the totaL This 
follows Wednesday’s news 
that his rival, the Malaysian- 
based businessman Tan Sri 
Khoo. had built up a stake of 
5.04 per cent and is throwing 
his weight behind the Stan- 
dard board. 

Marketmen are starting to 
take the view that Lloyds’ bid 
will fail. Standard shares lost 

? ound after Lloyds’ broker, 
azenove, withdrew from the 


Aman F/P 104'? 

Antofagasta NfP 125 -25 

Boase Massimi F/P 25-3 

Cosiain N/P 62 

Da La Rue N/P 155 +15 

Erskine Hse N/P 9 

Five Oaks F/P 66'? +1 ’? 

Ibstock Johnson N/P 26 

Inti Signal N/P 48 +3 

Leigh Interests N/P 1 

Pineapple N/P 12 

Wight Coffins NfP 230 +15 

(issue price in brackets). 


Trace Month Starting Open 

Sep 86 ZZ 90-45 

Dec 86 90.68 

Mar 87 9a 52 

Jut 87 • 90.42 

Sep 87 N/T 

Dec 87 N/T 

Previous day's total open mterest 15716 

Three Month Ewodotar 

Sep 88 9355 

Dec 86 9347 

Mar 87 8127 

Jui 67 9102 




Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 — 

Short GM 

Sep 86 l 

Dec 86 — 
■Mar 87 — 



Dec 86 

Mar 87 


FT-SE 100 

Sep 86 i 

Doc 86 

Previous Pay's total open Inffifost 181 55 
9156 9347 9153 4380 

93.48 9339 9145 886 

93J28 9152 93^8 121 

93.02 92 JS 7 92.99 46 

Pluvious day's total open Msresl 7275 
100-10 99-21 100-04 8407 

99-16 99-03 99-12 66 


Previous day's total open tnttrwt 762 
108-10 101-55 . 101-55 65 

Previous day's total open Interest 14548 
-19 121-bl 122-02 14615 

Previous day’s total open Marest 2125 
15 1S4J50 435 

Market rates 

NYoifc 15125-1.5310 
Montreal 20645-2.1029 
Ams‘daml70l 63.7476 
Brussels 6754-6859 
Cphgen 122S94-125885 
D» 1 .0925-1.1045 
Lisbon 224 52-227. 7S 
Meikid 20953-21135 
Mian 225759-226350 
Oslo 115307-11.3931 
Paris 105530-10.6680 
St'kWn 10J509-1O8178 
Tokyo 24257-245.49 
Vienna 2112-2354 
Zurich 25816-2.7148 

0- 44-O42prem 

2- IXprem 
6-1 prom 

1- 6djs 

3- 2)4 prom 
114-1 pram 


4-3 VI prom 

15-4 prem 







29 %-2fiVi pram 


Stenting index co m pere d with 1975 vrem down M 745 (day^ ra nge 74.7-7S5V 




Hret Oeafage LaatDaaTmgs iealDecteraUoo ForaMUeereot 

My 7 July 18 Oct9 Oct 26 

July 21 Aug 1 Oct23 Nov 3 

Aug 4 Aug 15 Nov 6 Nov 17 

S3 opttom were taken out on: 10/7/86 Amstred. Britoi. ER.F T LockBrJA'. 

S.O.M's. Tricentrol. Norton, Times Veneer, Transwood. Henare, ASB Raseaich, 

F. Cooper. CaWc Haven, Goode. Whesaoe. MBS. 

PUT: Abaoo. Poiy Peck. Horace Clarkson. Hanson. 

Put & Cat (ntervnion Abaco 

63 optfOM-wara taken out on: 10/7/88 Amstrad. Brftoi, E-R.F T Locker -A - . 
S.OJii's. Tricentrol. Norton, Times Veneer, Transwood. Henare, ASB Raseaich, 

Argentina austrar 1,3461-15486 Ireland 

Australia dotar 2.4015-24109 Singapore — : 

Bahrain dinar — — 057454)5785 Malays* 

Brad cruzado * 2053-20.96 Australia — — 

Cyprus pound — 0.7520-0.7620 Canada 

Finland marks 7.6760-7.7160 Sweden — 

Greece drachma 212.05-214.05 Norway 

Hong Kong dcCar 11532-11541 Danmark 

India rupee 1855-1956 We» Germany 

Iraqdatar n/a Switzerland 

Kuwait tfinarKD 144254X4465 Netherlands 

Malaysia dollar 4503345106 Franca 

Mexico peso 940-990 Japan 

New Zealand dotar 2533325513 Italy 

Saudi Arabia riyal 5.71905.7590 BelgiumlCorwii) 

Singapore dollar — 35089-35127 Hong Kong — — 

South Africa rand 18741-35976 Portugal 

UAEdkham 55985-55385 Spain- 

Uoyds Bank I n ternatio na l Austria 

Rates avptiad by Bareteys Bank HOFEX and EsM. 

new — .... 

Be^jhjm(Camni) . 

Kong Kong 



Austria — 

_ 15835-1.3865 

- 2.1870-2.1880 
„ 2.6460-25490 
„ 0532055340 
_ 15775-15785 

- 7.1025-7.1075 

- 74825*7.4875 

- 8.1175-8.1225 
_ 2.1735-2-1745 

- 1.7740-1.7750 
_ 2.4475-2.4485 


- 180^5-16055 
>. T4925- 1494.0 

- 75110-75115 
_ 14920-149.70 

- 13822-13852 

Cons Gold 


Xtourt mkts 


Com Union 





'Grand MM 
r383 ) 

Land Sec 

Varies* Span 

r 204 ! 

Shall Trans 

.Trafalgar Housa^ 




Oct Jan 
60 72 

Oct Jan 
4 6 

13 17 

Thom EMI 

Series Sept Dee Mar 

180 14 19 27 

200 5% 11 16 

500 75 85 100 

550 45 57 73 

600 23 33 45 

420 90 102 — 

460 52 72 B 7 

500 24 42 55 

550 9 20 — 

300 72 

330 43 53 — 

360 23 35 48 

390 8 22 35 


Dec Mar 

100 125 145 
50 . 80 100 
17 43 65 

3 25 43 

155 170 - 

105 125 — 

70 80 — 

42 53 — 

18 43 - 

4 23 38 

87 100 127 

42 64 92 

15 40 64 

3 23 45 

Brit Aero 





Bril Telecom 
(- 210 ) 

Cadbury Schwpps 

5K — 
10 25 

33 42 

Nov F*b 
15 18 

Giving late additional assis- 
I lance of £40 miUhm, the Bank 
I of England lifted its total help ! 
to the market to £787 miOSon. 
The shortage was put at about 
i £750 million. £100 million 
more than originally estimat- 
ed. Money was available at 10 
per cent or less on a secured 
basis during the morning to 
make it more profitable for the 
discount houses bo fund from 
the market than to sell their 


Claanng Banks 10 
Finance House IDfc 1 

Obcatmt Market Loans % 

Overnight Hk*i: 10 Low 6ft 

— 1 Overnight Hirai: ■ 

“TT | Week fixed: fa 



98 113 1» 
60 83 5 

30 SO 28 

sites Sap Itee 

360 78 §5 

vate Reefs 


8 — 100 100 — 

B 21 31 IPS 105 110 

7 9* 11* 2V 4* 5* 

2 6 7K 9* 11 12 

» 3% - IB 19)4 - 

Tteaarey BUa (Discount %) 

Buying Settng 

2rnntfi9* 2mnth 8H 

3fflRth9 a M 3mntfr 9 s !® 

Prime Bank BHte (Discount 
I Imrth 9 J ’a?-9 ,3 i8 2mnth 954-9"» 

' 3mmh 6mnth9%-9K 

Trade BSs (Discount %) 

1 ninth 10 lb 3j 2mnth 10H 

3mnth 10*a Smnth 10 

to te rtmnfcpt) 

Overnight- open 10K dose 9 
1 weak 10V10 6 nrnth 10-9<»i« 

1 mrth 10K-10 9 ninth IM". 

Smnth lO^ar-IO'si 12 mth 9 l, »4 ,, ii 

Local At&oribf Oepastts (*) 

2days 10 7 days 10 

1 ninth 10 3mmh 9K 

BrmthSV 12n«l 9 % 

Local Aifthaifty Bonds (%) 

1 mrth 10V10S 2mnth 1014-10 

1 mrth 10X-10K 2m«fi 1054-10 
Smnth 10 £-9 ft 6 mirth 9V&K 
Smnth 10-9X 12mth 9H-934 
Sterling CDs <%) 

1 ninth 10*i*-10'>« 3 mrth 10-9% 
6mnth 954-9X 12 mth 9 V>- 9 % 

Dollar CDs (%) 
f ninth 6.6d4.75 
Smnth 6.6D8S5 

Smrtth 6.60655 
12rrth 6.654.60 


236 23S 
240 — 



De Beere 

20 -r_ 

120 140 

110 120 
6 9 

16 20 
38 40 

i r 

5 11 

15 £ 

35 39 

Tr11*% 1991 

TTIIkH. 03/07 

Pm 2'a 

2 — — 
2 2K - 
2 K 6 — 

-T.‘- 13 
9 1* — 

Aug Nov Fab 

•is 1*«s IX 


7 days 6H-6'»i* 
3mnth 6 M »6>i» 

« 1% 1»a Via 2 % 

'A it 1 3 »« tt n- 

754 5 s * — — 

4'a 4>* 5)4 1)4 2)4 3)4 

Z'b 3* 4X A 3K A 

1 -*b "it 3)4 3% 4» 5*i 

»,8 2 — 5 5* — 

Si, 1 9 a — 6U T>* — 

7 days 41W54 
3imh 4%4)4 
French Franc 
7 days r>t*.7'w 
Smnth 7 s wT 3 * 
SwfssFtenc ' 
7 days 2-1% 

3 mrth 4 "w 4 b m- 

7 days 454-4)4 
3 mrth 454-4)4 

caH 7V654 

l mnth 

6 mrth B ,l ir6 l n 
calf W 

1 mnth 454-4)4 
6 mrth 444-4)4 
can 7)4-654 

1 mrth 734-735 
6 mnth 7»ia7 , i« 
oa 2V134 

1 mnth 4”i*4*i« 
Smnth 4%-4S 

Imrnh 4V4-4 

6 mnth 41W)4 ■ 

july 10. 1®6 • 

1« 175 " 
110 140 -r 
70 US 1JS 
45 90 120 

Total contract* 167^ ■ 





















— «. 








3 / 



















— » 











. — 


3 83.MWI4 JK ( 
"Exdudes Vat 


5 D- 552 S) 

CaBs 10890- Pu»»03' 

UndHytogakc tetiy price.' 

Fixed Hate Stars ng Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average retarenca rate tor 
interest period June 4. 1986 to 
Jply 1. 19B5 Inclusive: S.824 par 

[COMMENT Kenneth FleetJ 

Pound casts shadows 
over interest rates 

dividend season. There is also 
talk that a bullish broker’s 
circular may be on the way. 

The whole sector has been 
under a cloud recently follow- 
ing the £700 million-plus 
rights issue from National 
Westminster in May. But now 
that has been absorbed by the 
market with only the mini- 
mum of blood letting, inves- 
tor are starling to lake a more 
favourable view towards the 

Barclays rose by 10p to 
52 9p. after 532p, Midland 7p 
to 549p, after 552p. and 
National Westminster 7p to 

market on Wednesday nighL 
The shares finished 28p lower 
at 774p. 

in drinks, Guinness enjoyed 
a satisfying lOp rise to 343p 
after announcing that it 
planned to buy back some of 
its own shares for cancellation 
following this year’s successful 
offer for Distillers. 

It is paying £133.8 million 
for the 42.04 million shares, 
equivalent to 318p per 
Guinness share, allotted to 
Greatbrand — a private bold- 
ing company set up by 

• Oliver Resources, the 
USM-q noted exploration 
company, fell Ip to a new 
low of 9p yesterday, hot there i 
could be good news in the 
pipeline. Drilling in the Celtic 
Sea near Offshore Island 
on block 50/3, where Oliver 
has a 15 per cent stake, is 
going well. Several strikes 
have been made nearby 
and the operator Enterprise 
remains optimistic. 

Guinness and Morgan Gren- 
fell — and another £135.2 
mfi/ion. equivalent to 27Sp a 
share, for the 48.58 million 
shares bought by Morgan 
Grenfell on behalf of 
Guinness during the Distillers 
bid battle. 

Among the smaller brewers, 
Belhaven Brewery rose by 3p 
to equal their year’s high of 
62p after learning that Mr 
Nazmu Virani. the chairman 
of the privately- owned hotel 
and leisure company, Virani 
Group l) K. had sold 4 million 
Belhaven shares (15.58 per 
cent) to Establissement 
Novedil, a Geneva-based 
company owned by the power- 
ful Shohet family. This re- 
duces Virani Group's holding 
in Belhaven to 2.32 million 
shares, or 9.06 per cent of the 

The rest of the brewers 
enjoyed early selective sup- 
port, but failed to hold their 
best levels of the day. Allied 
firmed 2p to 343p. after 345p, 
Bass 7p to 775p and Scottish 
& Newcastle 2p to I99p, after 
201 p. Whitbread tost an early 
lead, to end 3p lighter on the 
day at 290p, while Grand 
Metropolitan lost 5p at 393p. 

In the Unlisted Securities 
MarkeL shares of Midland 
Mart, the livestock market 
operator, leapt 38p to I83p 
after receiving an agreed bid of 
£6.8 million from Oyston, 
Britain’s biggest privately- 
owned estate agency business. 

Oyston is offering 180p in 
cash for each Midland share 
and the board of Midland are 
urging shareholdere to accepL 
The group joined the USM in 

It is a testing time for those who 
believe that the sterling exchange rate 
against the currencies of the European 
Monetary System is an important 
element in the assessment of mone- 
tary conditions. Yesterday the pound 
fell below DM3.30, thought of by 
many as the lower limit of sterling’s 
unofficial EMS band. 

And, taken in combination with 
Tuesday’s better, but still very bad, 
money supply figures, this latest 
development could have nasty 

Inflation figures, due today, should 
show a rate, measured by the retail 
prices index, of around 2.5 per cent 
last month. Other things being equal, 
interest rates might follow inflation 
down, but they are not equal. This 
new and worrying indicator of mone- 
tary conditions could “fix” interest 
rates at present levels, or worse. 

Before considering this possibility is 
is important to bear in mind what 
“shadowing the EMS” means. The 
dollar, undergoing its own correction, 
is clearly not a suitable touchstone for 
British monetary policy. A rise in die 
pound against the dollar, or a fall as 
happened yesterday, says nothing 
about the tightness or otherwise of 
policy here. 

The dollar’s value is clearly a major 
influence on the sterling index: what 
was needed was a measure of the 

pound's average value excluding the 
dollar. This meant more or less, the 
EMS currencies or, in shorthand, the 
sterling-mark exchange rate. 

So is yesterday’s fall to DM3.29 a 
sign that all that liquidity sloshing 
around the system has begun to leave 
for the continent for its summer 
holiday? Perhaps, but there is an 
additional complicating factor. 

With Brent crude below $10 a. 
barrel the oil price — ignored for 
many months — is again news for the 
financial markets. And the sterling- 
mark exchange rate has shown itself 
highly sensitive to oil prices, at least 
during those periods when the foreign 
exchange dealers take note of what 
their counterparts on the Rotterdam 
spot market are doing. 

Even if oil temporarily consigns the 
pound's value against die EMS cur- 
rencies to the file of diffi cull-to- 
rn terpret monetary indicators, the gilt 
market and the money markets have 
now more or less given up on lower 
base rates. 

Whether it was the rejection of a 
discount rate cut by Bank of Japan 
governor Satoshi Sumita, or the 
pound’s increasingly wobbly appear- 
ance, traders decided yesterday after- 
noon that, for the time being, the 
game was up. 

It is a view, as things stand, with 
which it is hard to quarreL 

Mourning becomes Electra 

Investors in the Electra Risk Capital I 
fund said yesterday that they were 
“bitterly resigned” after the annual 
meeting where it was revealed that 
two-thirds of the value of their 
investment had been lost 
The fund was launched in 1981 by 

sider that there are a couple of 
potential stars left in the 12 remaining 
companies. Nevertheless, one is left 
wondering how, with Electra’s reputa- 
tion for investment in unquoted 
companies — and with such blue chip 
names on the board — so many wrong 

Electra Risk Capital, a subsidiary of judgements were made. 

the Electra Investment Trust, under 
ihe terms of the Business Start-Up 
Scheme which allowed investors tax 
relief on investment in certain un- 
quoted companies. 

The half-year report to June 27, 
1986, published yesterday, shows that 
of the 32 unquoted companies in- 
vested in by the fund, only 12 are still 
trading. The remainder have generally 
been sold for nominal ammounts or 
have gone into liquidation. 

This means that of the total of £8.68 
million invested by Electra Risk 

Some investors voiced their 
disatisfaction after yesterday’s meet- 
ing with the amount of information 
provided by the managers — with just 
cause. The report provides far too 
little historical information, but it 
cannot disguise the feet that the 
second fund launched by Electra 
invested in a number of the doomed 
companies in the first fund. 

Michael Stoddart the chairman of 
Electra Management, which now 
manages the Electra funds, denies that 
the second fund was used to prop up 

Capital, whose board earlier included ailing companies. He said:“We had a 
Sir Terence Conran, chairman of genuine belief that with additional 
Storehouse, and Robert Gavron, capital they would have gone well ” 
chairman of the St Ives Group, only For the record, both Electra funds 
£3.3 million remains. Investors’ invested a total of £360,000 in a 
shares, which were divided into company called Zealand Frozen Prod- 
“ master shares” of £2,500 each, are ucts, which had been rejected by other 
now. valued in the report at £785.92. venture capitalists who had reserva- 

Of course, investors did qualify for tions about the management The 
tax relief of up to 75 per cent of their investment has been sold for abount 
investment and the managers con- £23,000. 

“1 don’t much care how you 
got in there , Binder old bean, 
but I do wonder why . " 


\ / 

We all know that Sir Bernhard Binder was too 
substantial a figure to climb into the bottle. It must have 
been made around him. 

This, as he no doubt explained to R-Ashton Hamlyn, 
is deeply symbolic of our attitude to accountancy: 

You best get inside your client's business by 
arriving early and staying put 

Following in our founder’s footsteps, our East 
Anglian partners have spent some years in plastic bottles. 

We’ve helped the manufacturers grow from 20 
employees to 120; from one factory to two; and add a 
building-products subsidiary. 

During this time, we’ve done their auditing and 
accounting, naturally, and all the other things that 
major Chartered Accountants do. 

But we get a lot more personal than that 
Because in our Private Company Services, 
corporate and personal matters are inevitably 

We pay particular attention to share 
ownership and the retention of family control. 

We transfer capital into funds for children. 

JVe help our clients write their wills. All sorts 
of things. 

One Mp had been so busily building 
his business that when we found him at 
forty, with a wife and two kids, he had 
neither pension nor life assurance. 

We swiftly fixed him up with both, 
of course. It’s surprising what funds you 
can generate by reducing taxable profits 
and replanning the ownership of company 

Perhaps we can arrange some 
profitable surprises for you. The coupon 
reveals all. 

To:SievraitUfTy,BiiKkrHainlvn,8SiBridcStreeL ”1 

London, EC4A 4DA. Telephone 01-353 3020. | 

I Teel you’re bottling tip a lot more information. I 

Please send it to: 1 


Post Code 



London/ Avr/Bacup/Barh/Bel fast/Birmingham/Bury St Edmunds/Croydon/Dublin/Enniskillen/Glasgow/Leeds/Manchesier/Newcastle 

BED internationally Binder Dijker Ohs 8 Co. 


tod OBtr Cmg YU 

Bid Otter Qmg YU 

M Ofler Chng YV 

Brd Otter Qng YtS 


SO. HoUgMwro Rd Bouwnouth flHB SAL 

03*5 7U373 (Lmunei 

G* A Reed 

i me i 

Amman GrhDi 
A san Paata 
Assets S Earns 
Capn# teew 
Cornm & DttiQt 
Emdcwi Cap*# 

Uk Growm me 
Do Accum 
US Emsrang Co S 
Eauus Progress 

1192 125 Oe 


1006 193-1 
151 7 iBl J 

44.1 47.4 

1023 <094 

661 665 
655 700 
803 90.7 
1373 J4t8e 
750 60.7 
984 1058 
1*10 151 8 

56.1 600 
199 5 7005 

62.1 660* 

>12 960 
-04 488 
-07 582 
-3.4 139 
-02 1*6 
*0.1 1.95 
. 15S 

*09 1.17 
-0.4 140 
-08 280 
-1.1 .. 
-1.0 1.78 
-13 180 
-1.4 080 
-10 225 
-08 221 


AM Dirov C ange Swind on SMI IB. 
0793 610356 & 0793 28291 

Fw» Tnw 
Growm 6 I mom 

Accum trust 
Amman mama 
Mail name Ta 
Equal Income 
Mah HM 
Own Sacs T rust 
Japan Fund 
Faerie Trust 

Amer Spa Sits 
; OtAn 

StCS Of Arner Ta 
AW asset VaM 
Oil Gramm 
SnuMt Go's 
2nd Smaltar CoS 

Recovery Hu* 

Usi Mm 6 cmdty 
O'saas Earnings 
Tecnmtogv T* 
Incoma E»« 

2265 841.6 
1354 1453 
234 3 2*99 
3568 36? IB 
551.1 5868 
319 340 
2525 2688 
136.7 147 7* 
1*3.7 153.0 
30 3 31.6 

763 83.4c 
10*3 mi 
1566 1668* 
65.0 692 
2138 227 1* 
2301 2*51* 
37 7 394 
TIM 1 2730 
157 8 1878 
948 998 
771 821 
1849 198.9* 
868 92.4 
1264 13*0* 

Sms*# Go* 2399 2479 

USJ»' 1 £ WX11 Trust 3398 359.9 

-OS 380 
-05 3T2 
-18 282 
-T.4 315 
-28 £99 
-03 436 
-09 *81 
-05 481 
-01 3.42 
-02 911 
-12 097 
-1.6 081 
-1.8 187 
-13 1*2 
-42 092 
-08 317 
-08 287 
-0 7 258 
•08 239 
-08 289 
-12 2.41 
-07 301 
-16 097 
-03 5.72, 
-10 256 
-67 1.14 

Cagu/JVawtn me 


131. Fyntxify PUMriwM. London EC2A 1AY 
01628 9676 01-2B0 85*0/1/2/3 
60.4 648 
975 72.1 
132.4 1416 
710 758 
62.6 668 
49 4 52.0 
82 8 871 
783 837 
1838 1957 
768 8*2* 

197 6 2236* 

696 74.6* 

71.6 705* 

64 8 693* 

58 6 61.7 
299 319* 

7 103.4* 

i Acnre 
Eisnm a me 

Do 6% Withdraw* 

France 6 Property 
Gm 6 Fned men™ 
DO Accum 

i Accum 

i*gj VtaS Income 

i Accum 
Irca income 

Do Accum 

On 5S WMUdrwi 
Managed Fred 
Piatarece income 

Do AGcum _ 

SmaBer Cos ACCUn 141 4 1513 
wond Penny Shore 100 10.6* 
Portobo T* UK 789 81 7* 
Porttota Ta Japta 965 1QOO# 
Portfobc T* Lfi U1 723P 
POrttotr Tsi Europe 101.2 IgJgJ 
Portfolio T* HK 369 332* 

-07 184 
-07 10* 

-0.7 083 
-04 093 
-03 22* 
-07 756 
-10 756 
-01 *-43 
-02 4.43 
+01 709 
-2.7 7.09 
-02 2*3 
-02 243 
-03 283 

-0.1 974 
-0.1 9.7* 
-19 157 
•Ol 070 
-04 187 
-06 080 
-11 189 
+0 .4 0.00 
-03 0.10 


rSSmtas SL Erirbun* EM «VY 
031-225 2561 (Deatas.03i-226 6066) 
*29 1 447.B* 
3798 395 9 
Z336 2603 

mu Ex 1221 
Japan Ex 1*3) 

UK Ei I31> 

Pad Pens ms 
Put Pens UK 
BG America 
BG Energy 
BG income Giwtn 
EG Japan 
BG Technology 

4*08 47) 6 
199 0 209 6 
167.6 178.4 
1284 136 7 
196.0 2107* 

1 13 

1825 19*2 
1509 1606* 

-39 024 
-08 1.49 
-01 6.10 
-03 0.00 
-30 084 


25126 Anmaiia Sven. London Wix 4AD 
01^491 0265 

American 492 528 

AusmUan 167 179 

japan 6 General 1035 1 107 
rtgh income 46 1 498 

tatemaMn# Trust 7* 5 79.7* 

meome Gm T* 402 

Gats & Fried Im 208 21.4* 

OtaO# ManrfiK 358 375 

SpacM SAusros *18 438 

-18 076 
+0.1 815 
-09 0.17 
-03 780 
-0 7 106 
-0.4 397 
-0.1 11 06 
-03 280 
•08 149 

Unicom House. 252, BoroforC RO E7 
01-53* 55*4 

Aint Accum 
Da income 
Exempi Tnot 
Extra income 


G* 6 Ftatad me 

.Lagan Gen tec 

i Ace 

Growth Accum 
meome Trust 
Lrisun Trust 
Special Smanons 
Trustee Rml 
Unw Tech Accum 
Da Income 

WortOmdn Trust 

-8 Tsi m> Fund ACC 3273 3*8.1 
Do he 2121 2258 

82.6 875 
1141 1213* 
810 861* 
885 748 
*31.7 4588 
763 57-> 
2308 2*53* 
269 4 2865 
137 0 1465 
55 1 588* 
1548 16*8 
1563 1662 
179.1 1005 
3385 3579c 
002 853 
1422 1512 
1931 2054 
107 4 1142* 
49 6 52.7* 
491 528* 
1405 144.** 

-13 152 
+32 1.77 
+28 1.77 
•01 296 
-28 390 
-03 583 
-0.7 3.15 

-i2 am 

-08 3.17 
-04 946 
-06 017 
-08 017 
-0.7 231 
-13 354 
•04 151 
-08 222 
-1.1 284 
-06 285 
-09 021 
-09 021 
-22 189 
-16 385 
-05 325 


PO Bos 156. Bachman. Kent BR3 4X0 

01-656 9002 

Eawtv inc o me 

Growth A me 

Fast Europe 
Fast Japan 
First N A mar 
Fnst Smaller Go's 

5*1 578 
52* 568 
562 604 
111.6 118.7* 
839 67 7 
969 103.0 
885 925 
989 1052 
B13 B89 
47 0 50 D* 
6«0 688 

*06 080 
*0 6 030 
-02 590 
-01 030 
-02 230 
.. 030 
-ID 030 

-as oso 
-0* 030 
-09 I 60 
-05 270 

10. Fanoudl SC union EC3 
01-623 9000 

Piantwa km 
Euoman tec 
Do icon 
General me 
Do Accum 
0*1 TWO me 
Do Accum 

M< Yield tec 
Do Acts* 

1 *£EL 

Japan Income 
Do accum 
N Amencan tec 
Da Action 

Do Accun 
Sm*r Cos tec 
□u Accum 

1279 136-1 
824 665* 
1016 1064* 
1579 167 7* 
2152 228 7 
1154 119.0* 
>9*9 1505 
965 921* 
1723 1833 
3355 2477 
237.1 2*85 
*9.1 512* 
55 9 598 
1259 1328 
1416 1495 
80.4 85.6* 
958 101** 

.. 189 
-0* 1.40 
-05 140 
-38 387 
-41 307 
•13 894 
-21 55* 
-0.7 557 
-15 557 
+04 1.85 
*04 165 
-12 086 
-14 088 

35 1X23 

-09 1.00 
■10 1.60 


74-79 Firtetiury Pavement London EEZA 1JD 

01-588 2777 OeaMrOi-638 0478/9 teaneyGwtte 


S9 7 606 
105 6 1125 
l*«Q 1536 
378 *03 
57 8 617c 
MS 290* 

3008 21*2 

Growth Gm 

tea Recovery 
Smaner Co's 
UK Growth 
E»oa me 

me ft Growth 

. . 041 
-18 263 
-10 127 
-03 201 
-08 728 
-02 7 61 
-12 4.16 


hoi me 

RnanaN — 

Goto 9 Can 
jm La gum 
Prop 9e« 

Urn* Energy 

ware Tea 

Amar Grown 
Amr braoroe 
Amar anrter Go'e 
Ana Grown 
Euro aw a*8f 

*"*** Dr4 


Hong Kong 

me Brown 
Japan Part 
Japan Snafcr 


1958 2088 

18.7 199* 

1118 1197 
45.4 4B4* 
1*8 15.7* 
180 17.1 

69.1 732 
405 432e 
408 *30 
905 965 
565 608 
225 2*0* 
555 53.5 
144 154 
445 475 
225 2*.0* 
34 6 385 
67 0 715 
•58 170 
839 965 

04.7 672 

-03 «6B 
.. 959 
*07 251 
-09 218 
*0* 483 
-03 053 
-08 100 
.. 171 
-07 088 
-19 349 
-04 648 
•415 056 
+1.T 207 
-0.1 023 
-05 05* 
.. 276 
-04 159 
-09 .. 
-01 .. 
-05 992 
.. 4.14 


9-17. Perrymoum M. Heywards Haadi 

0*44 *58144 


Sorter Go's Acs 
Do Income 
Won tecom* 

Man Porttafa me 
Do Acc 


1251 13*5 
2395 2*&7 
147.0 1581 
889 719 
76 6 62.4 
609 855 
1019 1094 
590 634* 
797 -957 

-05 £68 
-18 .. 
-09 097 
-08 583 
-05 «.79 
-0.8 357 
-08 .. 
-19 180 
-02 08* 


The Stodc Exchange London EC2P 2JT 

01-568 2869 

Greer# tae(*» 
Do Accum ' 
Income FUnd 
Do Accun 
Ina me (2) 

Do Accum 


Do Accum 

217* 2988* 
3*79 8650* 
1044 1098 
1932 192.7 
1250 1306 
165.4 1720 
Ell 38 12.09* 
£1212 1294* 

.. 286 
.. 289 
-£2 445 
-38 445 
.. 148 
.. 1*9 
.. 2G5 
. 256 


125. M HdMRL London WC1V 6PY 


ca Japan Fund 79.1 84.1 -14 086 

^ Q+jJT|*W*y. Wsirtetey. HAS ONB 

Grown 280* 2963* 

income 3253 3*6,1* 

Far East 1930 2053 

Ncrtn Amencan i*83 1S79 

QOB# 4690 4995 

European *64 515 

J«ai 635 568 

-59 255 
-65 4.05 
+15 033 
-38 056 
-038 130 
-0.1 130 
*08 a BO 


PO Baa SSI Bams Mad* London EC3 7 JO 

01521 0011 

Captal 3570 3818 -0.7 1.71 

Um 2888 30B3 

North Amanean 28Z4 302.1 

-1.1 4.72 
-67 099 


1. Kara WAlwi St EC4N 7AU 
01-623 6314 

G* Host 1058 1124 


2 Fora Street. London EC2Y SAQ 
01-568 1815 

my FunO 41335 

Rxad te» 1478 

Oapma 1008 

2. Fore StfoBL London EC2Y SAQ 
01-588 1815 

tecoma 3B0 89 * 

Accum. £109441 

Oeposrt 995 




Narrow non. Bristol BS2 CUN 
0800 373383 

Amar Growth 23-0 2*5 

Equity tfign Income *2-4 45 3* 

Etropaal Growth 25 0 26.7 

Genera! Emm 385 41.1 

GJr 6 Fkad ter Gm 30.1 31.7 

Ot 3 fixed tec 2*3 263 

index Secunoea 257 Z7.i 

Japan Grown 294 318 

-0.4 150 
-0.1 430 
-0.1 250 
-02 260 
-03 320 
-03 250 
.. 280 
-08 090 

)Si. Chncsde. London £C2V tEU 
01-728 19« 

CapU Accum 
Energy Trust 
Extra tecome 

G* Svategy 
Grown fii ie s a mu 
tecoma 6 Growth 
Japanese 6 Pacific 
r*n Awe Gro wdi 
hut FlBOWary 
Smaaar CD's 
Global Inc Tst 

282.1 300.1 
424 46.1 

181.8 172.1 
183* 1733* 
56* 58.1 

27K4 2».0# 
*02 *27 
154 4 1848 
1009 1078 

108.1 1153c 
2103 223 7 

55.0 585* 

-10 197 
-0.4 397 
•03 587 
*22 1.93 
.. 172 
-tS £98 
-02 45* 
-0.9 an 
-29 097 
-25 1.77 
-04 1.56 
♦0.1 571 

Crown House. WoKmg OU21 1XW 

240 6 2578 
2225 2389 
1259 1347* 

Hxte Income Trust 
Growth Trust 
Amman Trust 

*01 598 
-08 383 
-29 074 


RWgtt^Stmy RH2 88L 

UK tecome 
UK Growth Acam 
□o Dial 

Etxupaan Grown 
Paoac Grown 






52 0 

-0.1 447 
.. 243 
.. 2-43 

.. 193 

-02 .. 

4. llaMe CraacML EdMitegh 
031-226 3492 
Amanean find 
Cayol Reid 
Gro-tn 8 Inc Find 
Hxjn Odl Fuid 
Unw national fi»«S 
NasoeoB Fund 
Gm* Jap Go's Fnd 
I<*cyo Find 
|Ex» Amar® 

Japan (31 


712 792 
06 1 103 B 
131.7 1409 
1099 1164 
1869 200.0* 
179 19.1 
36 7 388 
1521 1627 

1479 1526 


2590 8675 
Jap (4) 2053 2129 
239 253* 

-09 223 
*08 TA 
-0.7 488 
-44 590 
-15 1 13 
.. 052 
' -41 .. 
-22 0.15 
.. 350 
+24 081 
.. 038 
.. 0.10 
.. 395 

Bam Road. ChWMnnain. Gloucester GLS3 7LQ 
0842 527311 
UK Brtanoeolnc 
Do Accwn 
UK Grown Aceixn 
UK tipi me tec 
N Amanean Acoxn 
Far Eastern Aeon 
Eraan Accun 
UK GR6 FI tec 
Do Accm 






7 420 

. , 



S 1 



















5 43 





50 B# 



Aaron Camra. Hexagon Houw. 28. Western 
Road. Romtord RM1 3LB 

Emhxance 106.1 1135 -15 3.18 

35. Fountam SL Manchester 
081-236 5605 

Emrottto Penan 745 793 -0.1 380 

W tec n ma inst 

5 r 

fixed mi 

Tst 01 hw Trusts 
Spacor Sin TVua 
NAi Ancr Trust 
Far Eastern Trust 















-03 502 
-06 988 
-49 189 
-03 282 
-15 1.79 
-11 092 
•46 1 13 


St. George toe corpemm Sl Gmentnr CVI 


0203 553231 
UK Growth Accum ' 
Do Incema 

Hignar me Accm 
Do In 

1474 1568 
1283 1381 
2*7 1 2828 
1969 2115 
1023 107.6 
874 329 

. j Ineoroa 
GRs/fi*aa Accum 

Do tecoma 

N(h Amar Tat Accoin »344 1429 
Fir East TS Accum 1409 1*90 
Em T* Acaaa Ul .l <50.1 
Gmr* Trust 2319 2«6 J 

-48 3*0 
-45 240 
-09 481 
-07 491 
-05 26* 
-09 26* 
-3 0 449 
-15 020 
-10 131 
-2.1 281 


1. Laurence PoutMy HR. London BC4R DBA 

01-623 4600 

732 703 
104 2 1115 
608 955 
735 787 
69 0 70 6* 

598 628* 

351 379* 

703 758 

US SmaUr Co's 
cape* nn 
tecoma Fim 
Far Eastern Fix* 
Oanaad income 
fixed Interns 
Naoxal RM Fund 

European *fcome 

-89 988 
-1.7 0*3 
.. 456 
-09 032 
-19 36* 
.. 900 
+42 480 
+a* 337 

FSMVEsrmr managers 

194 West Osage Sl Glasgow 03 VA 
0*1-332 302 

Balanced Gth tec 44 3 471 

Do Accum 449 478 

income Gm kc 415 +4 1* , 

Do tan 43* 468 

Sendee Cos tec *82 513 

Do Accum 499 519 



ftver «*. Tonondge. TO* 1DY 
0732 962222 

997 1047 
313 335 
447 521 
32.0 3*1 
313 327* 
981 1059* 
420 *50 
1234 1329* 
1310 139.4 
BOA 863 

IGm ' 336 369 

Saute East Asia Tst 203 240 
Special S4a 1629 1758 

Amr Equey tec ome 
Amer Spaa* S*s 
Fa East Inc 
Gn I fixed tel 
Growth 5 tecome 
japan Special Sea 
Japan Trust 

-20 068 
-04 4.70 
-18 400 
-02 4 .10 

_-42 487 

Managed ta Tst 
Max tecoma Equity 





. 4.74 
-09 239 


& Crojb^Sq S uxvlan EC3A SAN 

Amencan Exempt £3004 3688 
Japan Eompr £389 8 3998 
Am Proprity Ts S10789 O * 

Propany That F7Q320 

.. 181 
.. 095 
.. 5JT 

• A 590 


3. London W39 Bugs, London WaL London 


01-628 5181 
Amar & Gan tee 
Od Accum 
Ahter Tortemd tec 
Do Accum 
Caracal Tst tec 
Do Accm 
Cow 4 Oh tec 
Da Accuu 
Extra tec Tst tec 
Oo Accum 
tecom a Trust 
Do Accum 
bit Grow* Fd me 
Oo Accun 
itapai ft Gen Inc 
Do Accum 
Monthly irvxme Fd 

2320 2446 
237 0 2S20 
2068 2199* 

-88 051 
-45 09) 

2142 2278* -68 1.16 
2112 22*6 -19 213 

-1 0 2.13 

Oo Accuu 
European Inc 
DO . 

fiaham End. Dorkeig. Stony 
0306 885095 

FP Equry DA 
Oo Accuu 
FP fixed bn Dot 
Da Accum 
Stewaradi*) Dal 
Do r 

197 4 2095 
3290 3*92 
114 8 1221 
1307 1390 
170.1 1805 
1765 1883 

-09 290 
-13 280 

-1.1 &n 

-12 599 
-OB 1.74 
-08 1.74 


8th Floor. 8. Devonshire Sq. London BC2M *YJ 
01-283 SETS Deaang 01-626 9431 

UK Cao Fnd Inc 
DO Accun 
tecome Fund 
Peraon Eiaiiy M 

us & General 
Tote ft Growth 
Japan ft General 
Far Eaai ft Gen 
European Fund 
GemtMy Fund 

97* 10*8 
1389 I486 
792 8*8 
187 3 1752 
1584 1695 
591 633 

665 712 
220 1 2355 
97 7 10*5 
•Wi 2388 
589 629 

-09 280 

-09 230 
-05 610 
-13 190 
-13 100 
-19 090 
-27 1.10 
-18 020 
-05 050 
+69 040 
*04 1.10 

2 St Mary Axe. London EC3A 8 BP 
01-623 1212 Dosing 01-623 5768 Dealing 01-623 

American Trust 
AuMahan Trust 
Bntah Tat Accum 
DO Out 

CommoOfy Sura 
European Tn 

98 a 








European Trua 

Extra tecome Trust _ __ 
fir Eastern Trust 1223 1309 
Fixed Interest Raid 26 7 283c 
GA Truat 269 26.0* 

Gteftrt Fund Aoaim 1613 1719 
DoOHt 1536 1635 

Gate Share Trust 105 m 2 
Hedged Amanean 
fign income Trust 
Hong Kong Tool 
Means find 
insurance Agencies 
Japan Trust 

Managed Exempt 
CM ft Biogy - 

, i Trust 

So mod 8* Trust 

30.1 323 
1418 1519 
250 389 
750 61 0 
4710 5a36* 
1372 1*60* 
2703 2818 
305 327 
91.9 984 
70 1 75.1 

-24 OHO 
+47 035 
.. 287 
.. 227 
-0.1 157 
-0.1 038 
.. 500 
-06 000 
-01 955 
-03 861 
-06 022 
-09 022 
+01 254 
-1.4 030 
.. 501 
.. 105 

-04 300 
-08* 191 
-12 0.00 
-20 £71 
+0.1 150 
.. 079 
.. 1.46 

WAnd teS ter toe. 77. Loan MM. London eC2N 

01-568 5620 

M Growth 78.4 877* 

Amanean Growth 617 684* 

American tec 669 719 

European Growth 1953 2089 

Goa ft Mmsrxte 928 301a 

Japan Growtti 1605 1725* 

•25 189 
-17 0.85 
-09 498 
-01 023 
+03 235 
+15 .. 

Royal ExcMnge. EC3P 30N 
01-699 9903 
GA ft fixed ta 
Growtti Equty 


Properly Shera 
Smalar Crompanes 
European Trust 

123.1 127 9 
203 6 2169 
2885 2689 
13*3 1429 
216 0 2330 
271 0 2064c 
209 4 222 B 
2214 235.6* 

-03 867 
-25 202 
-00 276 
-2.1 1.61 
.. 013 
-13 138 
*09 1.77 
-05 181 


PO Box 4*2 32 St Mary-at-toL Loteon EC3P 

01-623 9333 

H^h tecoma 
N Amar " 

Si vneam tee 
Sl Vnpeni US (Mi 

542 SUi 

1051 1119 
207.1 2204 
409 *2.1 
849 875 
793 91.6 

Temp* Bar 9n Cos 1754 1B50* 
Temple 6* USU 3622 3919 

.. 638 
-3-0 096 

-10 232 
-04 696 
-0.1 543 
-21 0.74 
.. 3.14 
.. 297 


W *M*l 5. Raytergh Rd. tta nraood 
0277 217916 

Han*m Sndr Go's t330 14i5c 
riser « N Anar 879 722* 

HMkos Jap ft F E 1156 1230 
Han » o > Seandwi 779 828 

Hama os European — 
Hamcrns Canaasn 

hww Ewfty me 

I Hrtl UlC 

rianaroe H491 _ 
HanXkos Res Am 
hwwi ted Site 







91 SB 

-12 1.00 
-16 091 
+03 Q37 
-05 033 
-03 699 
-05 190 
-04 483 
-Ol 298 
.. 100 


SSSSim ££*”** 1 Rd - 

Speoal SB tec 
Oo Acoim 

1329 1415 
186.7 1999 
099 1063 
96.6 60S 
6S.I 700 
1120 1204 
1*68 1575 

teBFta tan 

Fnanoai Tran 

tecon* ft Growtti he 145.1 i860* 
Do Acctan 2930 30*5* 
Mgh meome TniM - - 
Extra loom 
&na*ar Cos Dte 
firtft Ot 
0* Trust 

Fweo interest Tnot 
Global Healthcate 
Octal Tad» 


1815 18*0 

168.1 1799* 

1100 1177 

47.6 505* 

45 1 479 
6*3 59.1* 

701 750 

106.7 TU2* 

383 389 
1599 1M0 
85 4 70.0 
3610 3802 
S2E 580 
2179 2343 
83.8 SO.i 

147.1 1580 
1569 166.7 

E62 702 
26.1 27.7 
1360 1«55c 
515 55.1 

1039 111.1 

High Income Exempt 12+2 130.7* 

Smalar COs Exempt 119.0 1259* -11.1 1.00 

Euro Extents _ 1081 114+ -09 1.4ft 

Japan EMmpt fft 1*l 0 i486 -18 031 

NAmer _ 847 892 -2 1 0.96 

Octal Tech E* 15) 909 958* -15 007 

Pacific Exempt 16) 1369 144.1 -03 299 

Grata* RMouroa 
Worldwide IS) 
Euro SmaMr Co* 
Japan Trust 
Japan Spec* Stt 
Pacific Smstar Co* 
Sargapore ft Matey 
Norm Amencan 
Amer Smrtar Co* 
Amr Raemmy TM 

-0.7 092 
-10 092 
-39 229 
-08 139 
-09 138 
-00 955 
-00 239 
-09 296 
-2.1 29ft 
-05 +50 
-03 4.77 
.. 90S 
-or eoe 

-04 849 
-19 001 
-39 002 
+08 090 
-15 001 
+04 23* 
... 3.10 
*45 109 
-Ofi 042 
-0 4 028 
-10 028 
-1.7 001 
+0.1 090 
-00 2.78 
-IS 087 
-ZD 024 
-13 056 
-05 4 84 

ALA 7 amor. MStcanOe Hot A Cntydon 

01-066 4355 01-928 SOU 
BdOSh Trust Unto 5229 5560 
Caortsl Trust unto 
Dcaar trust urea 

Eurottetet Trust 

Far IS 1 

. j Trust 

Financial Tost 
G* fixed m me 
Oo Growth 
Mgh YwU Truat 
Irrot* Trust 

Japan Tech TSI 
Nature Besourcas 
Securay Trust 
Smrter Cos 
Speoal Sb 

sao too 

1840 1965 
1190 1259* 
111 8 1189* 
ji *a twa 
294 30 6 
<39 *69 
HO 692* 
820 879 
1171 1349c 
330 352* 
23 8 305 
1833 195.1 
904 962 
953 1014 

-20 305 
-07 259 
-46 301 
-01 075 
-13 201 
-07 £52 
-02 9.49 
-05 741 
-03 487 
-04 4.43 
-0 9 21 B 
-05 038 
-01 274 
-12 2JB 
-04 147 
-00 £41 


32. Queen Annas Gate. London SWlH SAB 
01-222 1000 

IBl ten ft Oeaas 1299 1379 
Ml Inc PkA 554 590 

ISJ Capua! Growth 57 0 60 7 
teie atm ani 1st Fnd 659 700 

-1.6 1.70 
.. 990 
.. 200 
-at 840 

20. FenOucti 9 l Undan ECS 
01-823 0000 
Amar Growth Inc 
Do Accuu 
Fund M* Tit Inc 
DO Acooit 
HWI Ytete tec 

M Rocuvary tec 

Do Accun 

Japan Growth Inc 
bo Accum 
tenalsr Go’s Inc 
Do Accum 
UK Eg Growth toe 
Do Accum 
rvonowxte Tech nc 
Do Acoint 

649 8B1c 
664 707 
190 21.1 
250 26.7 
1238 1325* 
2063 220.7* 
>003 1075* 
1053 1132 
97 8 103.7 
962 104.1 
168.4 1790 
2160 2300 
28.7 309 
470 503 
412 435 
415 442 

-19 132 
-19 .. 
-03 252 
-03 .. 
-19 551 
-30 .. 
-14 156 
-14 . . 
+10 050 
+10 .. 
-1.1 298 
-15 .. 
-0.7 . . 
-04 099 


Ptaro^ House. Copeia* Am. EC2R TOE 


Income Fund 480 8 4703 
l men m or ta l 8 Geo 2*00 2445 




5.’ Rjyteyjh Rood, te arawood Essex 
0Z77 23034 


_.. Accuu 
Do tecoma 
Far Eastern 
cat TruH 

n laaneged 

Natural __ 

N A m e ncm t Trust 

UK spaoai Sue 

2705 2894 
4S25 45Z3 
80.4 8*6* 
643 685 
99.1 1000 
793 80S 
75.7 810* 
477 51.0 
76 7 82.0c 
922 865* 

-09 238 
-12 238 
-03 494 
-05 157 
-1.1 051 
-13 559 
-09 1.12 
-04 302 
-09 2*1 
-0.7 211 

Hegstrara Opt Gamp^y-Ses. Ytertte^. W 

0444 459144 
Do Accun 
Energy taf 
Ob Accum 
Extra income 
Oo Accun 
German Gsi tec 
Do Accum 
Ob Accun 
tea Tew 
Do Accun 


N Amu s Gan 

Do Accun 

Paata Bute 
Db Accun 

1B1.8 1942 
3233 3*5 7 
47 5 509 

52.4 560 

1583 1992 
2855 3063 
575 614 
S75 814 
2700 2887 
531 3 5880 
1722 18*1 
1799 1924 
755 911 
75.1 913 

1021 109.1c 
1097 1173C 
1194 1277 
124.7 1333 

Smile* Cos ft Rec 1926 2055 
Do Accum 2*55 2304 
Wonawde Growth 185 3 1981* 
Oo Accun 2605 2789 

UK Grown Find 473 505 

-03 318 
•ftO 319 
-03 257 
-Ol 257 
-26 504 
-49 OW 

JOB O.Tfl 
-08 0.18 
•05 441 
-109 441 
-4.7 044 
-48 044 
+06 0 02 
+0 6 002 
-64 ass 
-55 053 
.. 02 
. . 02 
-25 196 
-28 I5S 
-43 054 
-55 03* 
-06 208 

WxBtede Pam. Exeter EX5 IDS 

0393 S2155 

Greer# True* 



-02 390 

Income Trua 



-02 SOC 

imcnumn# Trust 


35 0# 

-03 070 




-05 200 




-02 100 

iron at tav 



.. £40 



High Low Company 

Pric* Cwge pence S P/E 


Hgtitaw Oompsny 

Pnoo Oi gapancB 



l* gn Lom Company 



Phcn <teG»P"W 


15 ir. A ft M Go 
60 *S ata SaUceon 
Ataeroeen Sat toe 
Aces* Satcbte 
Acorn Comp 

Adjm Lcksm 
Ax Can 

130 93 

69 *0 

143 45 
10B 33 

21 13 

2 10 ' 
275 103 
123 1<8 
297 20* 
121 113 
153 131 
290 71 S 
250 lft5 
3S5 163 
iao 133 
620 *43 
40 16 

233 100 
95 61 
226 IBS 
82 66 
123 78 

21'. 12 
45 31 



443 278 
30 16 

3* 18 

43 39 

136 88 
216 165 
143 133 
27 IS 
210 130 
196 125 
•30 75 

250 208 
59 50 

358 178 
156 115 
305 230 
9 2" 

92 73 

180 125 
35 6 

42 28 

195 130 
331 95 

66 82 
115 96 
i40 ae 
350 2U 
109 64 

TlD 83 
136 132 
IB 7 
205 120 
17 B' 
IlS 75 
1S3 152 
285 216 
23 II 

40 X 

91 64 

95 58 

106 86 
175 110 
50 30 

118 74 

3*3 208 
108 05 
143 115 

4.6 f 

60 11.1 
40 134 
31 167 
79 110 


.. 80 
.. 20 
94 .. 
39 14.7 

Aco Hotegrai 
Do Write 
Aspen Carrera 



Assoc Energy 


BTS Grp 
Bedford iwnemt 
Berman ft Forornam 
Benson* CTrspa 
7'- BerAteey ft Hay 
40 Berkeley E.p 
Berewey Go 
so tatties 

29 20 13.7 





10 339 
60 74 
19 260 
.. 90 
55 9 0 
94 22.1 
580 7ft 67 
6« 80 70 
09 30 210 
. .. 107 

.. 217 
.. ..59 

60 14 244 




BhMDnd Toys 





19 40 105 

64B 60 149 
30 24 159 


Brtsnna See 


Or Islano 


Brown (Dwta) 

Bryant (Derek) 
Bute Ftesoucaa 
CCA Gajtones 
CML Micro 
CPS Cone> 

CPU Comp 


Cawoonurr OH 
Campoea ft Ann 
Cannon Street Inv 
Central TV 
Chancery Sea 

49 9.1 



2 1b 1.7 204 
114 49 103 
69 10.7 
T4 103 
23 231 
49 92 





14 r 

44 lift 

19 169 





cnaantmt Europe 100 

Ptet s ee Man 133 

Chem u «« a 6 

Cheater* W 203 

Crier 13'. 

Cxeapra* 95 

Ctaru Hooper 1S2 

OayVtrei Prope 2«S 

OoQ*i Go*J SO 

ChiR On Hogs 3* 

Coated EtecSrodea 84 






49 131 
5.7 99 
S3 139 
29 154 




13 2F.7 
3:0 379 
90 £9 210 
. e .. 2.0 
19 19 iaa 
*' £2 21.1 
40 133 



Cam Emerald 
Cotagen Inc 
Coup financial 
Cons Tern im* 
Conn Hcroweve 









50 67 00 







• +5 




63 -2 



109 • L 

Craron LoCga 

w -!» 

Cro— i me 






46 -4 




171 • 



OJ Sec warns 

IM -3 






W**S (DY) 



Dam ft Boars 



De Bren (MW 





£ #-t 


130 +1 



Damans Bac 




1D3 - +7 



200 *5 








22 . •-+ 




45 « 



Ertna Baa Optics 140 





Erin fix'd 







Eidrafga ftjpi A 

377 • 



Eteeean House 




Ettetron* Dau P 

§S * 







Eimmairram Prod 


19 303 
.. 50 
12 163 

7.1 134 369 
37 19 175 

- 37 130 

20 102 
1.9 Z7.8 
33 167 

7.0 93 
31 180 
S3 MO 

1.1 150 











10 147 
£1 80 
19 108 
24 222 
59 159 




67 93 
20 190 

49 93 

107 104 70 
70 35 l£9 
13 »4 
.14 1&9 







£6 133 
22 243 
10 190 
34 150 
.. 600 
£5 174 
36 203 
ZB 132 

215 lM 
225 1JS 
2*9 151 
K 56 

42 IB 
128 125 
GO 31 
166 too 

60 48 

90 66 
220 145 


~ + " r~ — 


FhB Gp 


14 1E0 40 
37 31 110 

15 250 
34 010 
71 £0 


FKtyO 0* 

Fern ft Weston 
French Cam 



40 113 

97 65 
655 420 
148 94 
47 *0 

90 72 

165 ICO 

17 13 
60 32 

188 85 
122 88 
1 28 103 

91 60 

12 * 120 
36 19 

115 93 

180 160 
105 38 

92 56 

49 36 

210 133 
255 196 
46 26 

+*0 383 V 
390 293 V 
145 1*5 
415 819 
205 70 

24 9 

110 91 

133 105 
690 412 
15ft 115 
198 145 
180 13* 
333 200 
14 0 

166 115 
255 18S 
230 165 

31 16 

115 44 

103 68 

3S3 £15 



32 B 
T6S 85 
330 233 
168 116 

62 22 
as 2 

1*8 IDS 
118 73 
70 «* 

330 253 
90 67 

271 220 
83 55 

113 67' 

Fuaar Street 'A' 


&ooui Lyons 
Gibes Mew 
Gttert House 
Global Gp 
Godwot Warren 
Goodhead Item 

Gould [Ljurartefl 

Grume Surface 

Green (Emesll 














Greenvrexi C note 
Grrosnenot r 

31 1*4 
£4 161 
Z0 2H7 

59 124 
64 142 
25 497 

60 98 
25 179 
36 159 
4 0 102 
44 tl 8 
4.1 129 


Guernsey Atlanta ICO 
HB Sect 95 

hangmen riamecare 79 
Harms 42 

Haraey ft Thomp tas 
Navskxfc Eunpa 223 
Heatn Cara 44 

toewoee 430 

Do -A- LV 390 

Henderson Prune 1*5 
Hqr+Pon 250 

fightena Ptet 74 
Hobson 22 

Hodmon 110 

HSW Hyaromjn H8 
Moteies s MensamGBfi 
HoteMS Protecno n 122 

Home jjrobartj 

Howard Group 
Hunorsd Sec 
Hot 5w» 

HunSamn Tech 

ted Scot Energy 

Inmurape Taoi 
3'/ Wampon 
15 Do 7% 

25 Israel Mack U 
JSD Comp 
JS Pathology 


Jonmm ft Jora 
johmones Pam 
just Rueoer 

Kant Moret) 

Kenyon Secs 
Ken* Systems 
merit -Tekrek 

98 78 
19 529 
0 7 322 
27 127 
. 43129 
-61b 3 3 230 
4ft £2256 
£5 17 6 
23 r« 5 
32 153 









8.1 £4 168 

£7 lft3 
51 IS* 
10 429 




ft 1 .- 















50b 20 12 0 
SOb 29 107 
60 1 0 203 

04 42 95 

06 2+ 20.0 

£1 09 

30 17 163 

30 <36 20 
.. -.100 

7 3 

3.6 107 

.- 30 



















24 24 2 
2 0 231 
Id 292 
42 163 
07 300 
.. 02 
«4 1S4 
5* 125 
39 103 
15 181 
30 168 
57 152 
£1 11 9 

140 1.7 15 1 

113 «7 

61 37 
125 70 

43 32 

118 100 
91 B2 
140 95 

196 133 

62 .2* 

2*5 160 
180 101 
125 55 
6* 5* 

176 82 
35 18 

116 101 
118 S3 
270 200 
220 145 
96 75 

19 B 
75 2ft 
149 140 
390 350 
139 85. 
9 ft 

LPA ted 

LaiUw Thomson 
Lerewe ten 
Ledge Care 
Lon ft OydasKM 
LOrin Sect 






Lyssnder fin 
MMT Core 

UcLugran ft Her 
Magneac Uatentu 
Maun iRorarid) 
Mirier D*y 
Majnews Foods 
Meadow Farm 
Mao* Teen 
Mo m m y Comp 


















• -2 





*6 84 

S3 72 



32 14 8 
35 175 
S 3 11 1 
£0 161 






Jft 202 
75 76 
SB 72 
.. 877 
23 210 



M emro om tea fodgs 78 

Menydaan KM* 






£7 250 
10 153 
45 220 


60 17.9 19 
£6 ZE 157 
22 187 
53 192 





102 71 
95 59 
730 360 
220 118 
47 22 
163 82 
380 231 
433 260 
193 1B& 
220 130 


Menial (JOteO 

Mxttnd Merit 
iUstanmer tens 
Man 33 
Miwvd Brown 
uss wvtd 
159 155 UougMe Co 
124 82 UonkTa Crura 

159 153 
50 25 
23 15 

fIS 70 
127 125 
367 237 
31 13 

5 2 

ZD 14 
95 75 

21 10 
136 01 
190 H 
120 83 
46 M 
75 35 
37 22 

35 23 

Morray (fin) 

Moms (WHtoni 
Hoi* Adw rtan g 
NMW Comp 
Ne- Cl Net Ru> 

Do Win 
New Engiaid Props 16 
□o 10*. £80 



































IS 14.7 
£3 208 
0 4 720 
17 1£7 

09 29 2 
1.9 216 



93 160 

40 234 
... 79 
45 9* 
34 110 

£4 185 3* 

0 125 



Nroneor Hotels 

lift Seal ~ 

. Gen 

Osborne ft use 
Owners Aooao 










33 169 
£1 6.7 
39 119 

23 93 52 

1*3 as 

255 169 
79 56 
i«6 130 
5*5 ZOB 
+6 ID 
S3 3D 
175 143 
152 50 
148 63 

39 23 
200 1*5 
27 16 



67 31 

98 66 

33 25 

171 M8 
» 3 115 
2+5 ISC 
156 83 
143 135 
5 2 

5 2 

306 158 
43 1ft 
48 33 

<23 85 

*0 14 

•OS 86 

68 *0 

42 19 

SO 63 

175 145 




Pare IMS Gp 
Pam MLS* 

Penny ft g*es 
P«* Group 
Periuns Ml 
Pciera (MtcnaeQ 
28 . Pcaoxiy fijeo 
2* Pa pm 

Pme+otfo Dance 
fian inraM 
fiyywar Mjnno 
Power nne 
Pioperty Tst TOP 
Do Bp 
fiedo City 'ft' 
Raw Oyda 















49 3.6 140 






66 85 
37 132 
00 . 
.. 203 
.. . 60 
20 15 198 

<7 34 130 
330 £5 61.0 
1.7 61 66 
£4 19.1 












47 l«6 
.. 33 
. 168 
37 156 
50 36 
2 B 105 
19 320 
29 121 
34 168 

names 04 

Real Tone Control 
Bedard Motor 
Mn n&S 
none ft Now 
fiuocfie (GT 













£3 1 80 
. . e . 61 
4 6 '1P2 14 6 
36 36 15ft 
63 39 
83 151 
6 7 140 
01 .. 
3ft 12 
30 I4J 

1 0 




139 115 
126 73 
*8 20 
122 10* 
178 130 
112 73 

195 120 
106 71 


Sapphire fta 


Sox H ren a ttt 

Seise Tv 
320 171 Sieretwxk 
3SD 253'. Snare Drug Sirs 
76 66V Sra«on Jones 

Snerafon Sec 
SranooB Comp 
Sum Catering 
















19 202 
36 164 
3B 119 
24 171 
£6 1«4 
3.7 194 

55 . 23'. 
2? I6S 
101 so 
173 12B 













17 39 3 
0 6 394 
88 87 
21 207 
20 261 
15 1.0 
30 190 

Mb 138 
205 131 
186 171 
131 86 

*2 35 
162 113 
3 > 12 
Hi* 96 
1^3 90 

63 48 

M 20 
M ft7 


■ 93 


Swan Food 
Snnwoon Bridge 
S«i Bis 
SW IlMa n ai 
Space Piameig 
Spa (ex Tara 
Sowrira Auto 

Smni*M Metal 
stareng Pub 
Sumee;n Elect 
SuMBriand |ET) 
SwxiOBn Pr Naso 

Synapse Comp 

















• -5 















31 12 4 
29 110 
20 162 
34 130 
49 110 

£4 93 
. . 1.7 

27 161 
25 171 
72 70 
.. 28 
4 5 130 
69 11.1 
£4 251 

20b 39 209 
. 68.6 
7 4 200 
.. 363 
1.1 ZZ6 


23S ISO 

2D0 110 

13i 117 
’14 106 
120 5? 
546 103 
310 194 
20S 155 

W 120 

lift 70 
5*5 360 
75 63 

SQ *7 
1*6 114 

M 32 

180 116 


510 £20 
<35 93 

T ft S Stares 

tmd Acwen 

T*iK fircc 
Txy Homes 
Tecft For Bus 
Terti Cornu 

Tel Sen tat 
Therm Scettta 
Jinsliy (EWJU 
Tod NlftJ) 
Towngreoe See 
Traeo Piomobon 

r c T -“* 








175 150 

27 16', 

ITS 98 
90 48 

IS 151 

320 165 
98 76 

4 4 

158 lift 
S3 32 

IM F tones 
UK Packaging 
Usher iFrgrwf 
teew isan 
wayne nm 

Vtesi vamnee 
vnitworeis Faces 
W4#. a Sot 






























13 2*8 
17 70 
19 22J 
55 180 
60 lift 

1/1 419 



14 140 



£2 419 


1 * 

12 .. 

e .. 


1.4 23 ft 


*0 127 


82 77 


32 2*6 





3 7 196 



19 18 6 


21 iao 


72 66 


74 123 










w*9n mei) mags 19 . 




I 6 3*0 
60 90 


wot cere er 
«Wd Leather 




York Maun 
Yore ft Eouiy 
Do 8-. 

2yj* Dynames 












52 41 
7.4 109 
£3 10 
£6 80 
31 132 
20 UT 
65 110 
2Se 53 >09 
20 1.7 21.1 


13 67 157 
£5 23 109 
1.1 1 7 58 9 

7.9 52 1S0 
36 IB 210 
34 £9 OS 

20 10 214 

• +10 29 ZB 323 


Bid Otter Chng Y*j 

BU Otter Qmg YU 

BU Cfler Chng YU 

Bid- OHer Chng 


Three fteyi Trow® * BC3B 8BQ 
I 4588 

Amer ft Gan tee 
Do Acorn 
Amer fieeovery 
Da Aeon 
Am SmaBsr On 
Do Aocm 
Aust ft Gen tee 
Do Accun 
Comm ft Gn he 
Do Aeon 
COmpoiM Grows* 
Career*** Grow** 
De Inc 

Dhndent Fund tee 
Do Aeeun 

ZlSI 2302 

-42 145 
-*9 1.45 
-57 079 
-69 070 
-1.9 027 
-2.1 007 
+10 108 
+10 IX 
-09 £42 
-04 332 
•20 300 
-£1 £98 
-19 608 
-10 £02 
-9.0* 502 
-10 097 

580 . 

599 §4 ic 
633 «4 
690 7A0 
tecO i54i 
<8 80 2010 
4040 4395 
3210 3*67 
1790 1840 

eJSbShTateni 1 nSm -is on 
■ Oo Accum 7208 saw 

Em Yield Inc 2E0 |3|£ -0.“ 5S7 

1069 1153 
1239 1402 
2380 2W2 

3750 mo 

6T30 8503* 

E1£00 1378 
626 657 
950 987 
306 327e 
322 3* 5c 
3192 3*10# 

86 *0 62500 
7190 7703 
£11.48 1229 
550 589 
7320 700.* 

7662 B37 J 
98.4 K2 

7082 750 7* 

£1307 1491 
6649 7*8.1 

0026 1121 

453 6 4953 
O20S 1300 

39*3 3893 
£1029 1039 

Do Accun 
For Eason tee 
Do Aeeun 
Fund a hr tec 
Do Acc 

General win 
D o Accun 
Go A fated H 
DO Aeeun 
Gera tecome 
Do Accum 
High tecome tec 
Do Accum 
bs QrowSi Inc 
Do Actum 
M me tee 
1 ft Got tee 



Second G01 tec 

DO Acorn 

Srrearar Oos me 
Do Accum , 

Trustee Fund tee 
Do Accum __ 

P m Bond tec (31 
Do Accun a 
Charitimd tec 2) 

Oo ACCtfn PJ 

p^sn Examra (1) «62 W2 




II. Drerarutae Sc London EC2U SYR 

01023 4273 

Ba r EOTtot 4 0*2 432.1 -12 208 

Do Ac^ri 5110 5340 -10 206 

UK MMMI FWItt 750 BOS -03 1* 

Do Accum 77.7 8Z0 -03 105 

Japan Performance 13*0 i*£7w -Of GW 

DO Accum 1353 1+43W -00 a 00 

us Space* Feearoa £0 732 -Zi 030 

Do Accun 695 730 -22 020 

GdU ft Ftaooua Met 3*4 373 -f-7 10a 

Do accub 35 4 380 +0.7 108 

USSpeort bra 57.1 610 -Ofi *06 

tfoAceirn 606 6S3 -09 *38 

Euppaen Pari bra 760 910 . . 1-10 

Ctotocum 770 810 -03 1.10 


96-100. 9OT*ng Rd. MSeMttnra, Kent HER TAX 
0822 674751 

MLA General 332 K.1« 

MLA Uiwnwltorrf «0 M.7 

MLA Ott UM 243 25.7 

MLA inrame 419 443 

MLA Bxupeen 273 293 

-Ol 213 
-02 130 

-00 ton 

-04 53S 

Si Georroes Way. S teto n egb Herts 
0*38 356101 

Grown Um 73A 801 

GW ft fixed Ml 1149 1198 
High Income Unto 1133 1204 
HOT YWU Grit UM 580 803 

nr Grown uw 1220 1303 

N Amencan Unto 70 4 740 

Fw East Unto 890 950* 

COS find 872 7130 

-10 269 
+00 759 
-23 541 
-0.1 967 
-02 039 
-20 042 
+10 015 
-12 Ut 


Uncorn Hss. 252 RoaftORl Rd. E7 

01-234 55*4 

1390 1473 

-09 407 

^^WMAra St BC4R 9A6 

31 KmgVMi 

Amar Grown 
Do Accum 

Oo Accun 
European Grown 
Do Aottan 
Do Aeeun 
GN 4 fated 
Do Accun 

Do ACDsn 

DO Accun 

992 1050 
1032 109.7 
490 527 
51.8 SE3 
1194 1270 
1220 1303 
2463 282.0 
4000 4200 
882 90.10 
100.4 101 *• 
620 86.1* 
910 97.4N 
2258 2390N 
2792 297.0# 
1662 1790 
1721 1800 

DO Accum 
Exenga DM 
Exempt Accum 

1690 211. 7 

-27 091 
-27 001 
-04 409 
-0.4 458 
-00 1.09 
-G0 106 
-10 105 
-23 105 
-12 737. 
-14 737 
-03 436 
-O* 436 
-22 102 
-20 1 02 
- 1.1 0.00 
-12 (LDO 
-10 258 
-10 256 

Create Income 
Do Acoen 
Commodity ft Gen 

Do Accum 

Em Hun tee 

Da Accum 

CM ft Freed Inc 
DO Accum 
Hen YMd 
Do Aocum 

-02 241 
-0.4 241 
+10 32B 

2360 . 

3622 3734 .. 208 


Counreodtoai SsrerSL ttewLSraMeki Si Vo 
0742 7600*2 

771 B 220 
1050 1110# 

101 1 1070 
1425 1510 
589 KLS# 

BBS 7410 
55 a ST.40 
989 837# 

1556 1659 
26 *2 2B10 
1 73-1 16*9 
2610 300.6 

2«0 .Ski 

2734 291 8 
1098 116.8# 

1312 1399# 

1093 1195# 

1312 1380# 

1156 1233c 
1223 13046 

-03 __ 
-03 >39 
-03 692 
-05 ‘ " 

Do Atom 

jmen ft Pane 
Do Accun 

N Amencan Me 
Do Accun 
EirO Gn tec 
00 Accum 
Smrter Cos tec 
Do Accum 


-00 301 

-is aio 
-2i aio 

-1.7 129 
-20 128 
-08 121 
-00 12« 
-a* 207 
-00 207 



163. Hope Street GUsgu# G2 2UH 
0*1 221 9252 

Smrtar G 


1120 120.4 
2219 2399 
2130 2270 

-to m 

-1.7 1.11 

-00 009 


*9 Graoeetarch Sl. EC3P M 
01023 *200 Ext 209 

DO Aoatel 
NPi Owieas 
Oo Accuu 
Far Eret Acc 
American Acc 
European Ace 
W U WwfoS ACC 

2018 2147 
3258 3497 











-00 290 
-12 290 
-62 070 
-03 070 
.. 010 
-09 130 
-0.1 090 
-03 140 

PO Box 4. Horetoti *1 

0603 922200 

&am Tins m3 S 1209 


1223 1294 

•008 £66 
-10 135 

ss— naria’SB*-': 

XS&jZT if £? : 

Ai toucan Growth 

Japan Growth 
Europe** Growth 
UK Grown 
Pupfcc Growth 

Pracbste bicaw 
Db Accun 













959 182.1 













252. Ntfi HOOOriL WCt” 7EB 
01-405 04*1 
Grew* find tee 
Do Accun 

tecome Rrtd 

M E9N| HC 

Oo Accun 
UM Trust tee 
Oo Accum 

902- 960 
1355 1*4.1 
1223 130.1 
1250 1330 
12S0 1330 
1270 1357# 
2289 2340# 

-02 206 
-1.4 206 
-06 001 
-14 T2S 
-1.4 125 
-07 £75 
-10 £73 


48. tort Stre et tomiy OnUtamre 

ted Grown 

Amer Growth 

tad EtnWa Cas 
East Gurih 

far - 

European at 

2553 27A0 
I960 90T.T 
1*1.6 IS23 
67.7 727 
730 812 
690 74.1 
52* 603 

-18 092 
-01 430 
-4.0 139 
-S2 073 
-20 063 
-12 007 
-02 149 


222 Btthopala. London EC2 
01-2*7 7544/7 

Mi tecoma 
Cronr ft Gte 
Far Eastern 
Ncrth American 

Soacod Sits 
Techn ology 
Extra tecum 

1097 1190 
6i.7 66.4a 
97 B 10*0 
161.6 1713 
1320 1*33 
88 4 74.7a 
1152 1230# 
883 950# 

-05 009 
-00 4.16 
•07 521 

+10 au 

-10 106 
.. 0 00 
-10 445 

51-68. Rant MB. Hard Essex. IG1 20. 
01-478 3377 

Hoteom Erarty W7-7 «0 
Tirnpean ■ 68 B 923# 

HdDorn Comm S£5 550# 

K0 70.1# 

336 995# 

89 3 95.0 

N Amen ca n 742 780 

KWorn Spec SB 640 6B.0# 
Hobjn SlGrowlh B10 86.7 
Hotesn GR That 1690 iSOi 


-14 £16 
-09 0.86 
-02 062 
-02 831 
-1.1 098 
-09 005 
-2.1 040 
-04 237 

^13 220 

-OS 248 

31-45 Gresftwn Sc London EC3V TIM 
01-600 4177 

Quadrant GanenS 438 1 466.1 

Ouadrara income 2433 2S8.1# 

Ouadrant MS Fd 375.9 3956 

27£0 aos 





SI Saathns Lane. London EC4P4DU 
01-280 5*56 

NC Amanci tee 
Do Accun 
NC Energy Res 
NC tecorae 
NC Japan 
nc Sower Cos 

2819 2992c 
3026 32i9e 
*33.1 1415 
89 8 653 
1810 193.1 
1404 1*93 

NC SmAr Europ GO'S 1653 1758 

NC Exempt GO tiaifl 1360 

NC Anrar Prep S1157 1M8 

NC Preoany 7583 1662 

-73 122 
-83 122 
-04 £76 
-04 £71 
-1.7 0.01 
-09 107 
-10 036 

33 Kmo WStam 
01-638 5878 

London EC4R 9AS 

»gn Ytad 

F»r East (2) 

ares 2*40 .: 1.79 

7100 T310 .. £19 

1740 1773 .. 934 

3700 387.0c -190 194 

1729 1715 -18 245 

1245 1255# -15IZI7 

awn 2235# .. 020 


NOT MB FMca. Uwport 10MNS 

051-227 4*22 - 

927 696 
710 .769 

Edrty Trust 
tad Tnttt 

GMt Hum 
US Trust 




4 10 

-03 249 
-00 134 
-03 916 
-OB 1.49 
-Ol 054 

20 CMran Sl London EC2 
01-920 (811 

, W 

Hch tecoma 7hm 
Do Aeam 
US Grows* 

Do Accum 

1190 1*7-2# 
1870 1797# 
821 S90# 
1098 11X7# 
S60 802 
57.7 014 

-06 148 
-00 1.48 
-07 423 
-07 *33 
-1.1 109 
-1.1 109 

Rojrt London House. cuUaiw CO) IRA 
(0)6 578115 

910 970c 
163.1 1940# 

594 594# 

891 095# 

1032 <099 
831 995 
1110 1191 

Amanean Growth 
Capes) Accun 
Oil tecome 
Mpi tecoma 
I n co me 8 Growtti 
Jap an Growth 
Speow Sts ■ 

-3.1 0.79 
-05 £12 
-05 809 
-0.1 a.72 
-02 415 

+i.i eos 

-05 129 


29 Western Rd. Ronriortf HM1 3LB 
68-73. Quean Sl. Ednburnh HO 4NX 
(Romford) 0708-68096 Or (BOD) 011-2263351 
Amer tec 8 Growth 67.1 71.7 -09 975 

963 1020# 

435 460 
4£7 *50 
959 102.4 
914 83.7 
697 507 
314 397 

964 103.1# 

5*5 57 4 

1875 2000c 

167.9 1794 
956 1020 
950 910 
1090 1154 

84.9 909 
1210 1303 
28.0 290# 

994 35.6 
B96 94.7 

1306 1390c 
157.4 1093# 

1590 1705 
717 77.7 
1623 1730 
9*2 1007# 

1820 I960 
723 773 
52-1 970 

Energy teds 
Eixco+xn QroMil 
Exempt tec Bnd 
P?*SI(4 3) 
Finunos! Secs 
GR ft n Inc 
High Hasan Unis 
tort YahJUnto 
tecome unto 
tm e etnim s Trust 

Japwi Growth 
Japan SmaBar Cas 
New Tacnriofojiy 
S€ ASa tttreft 


Smalar CBS tec 

UK Eouty 
US Growth 
Unrmnul Cromti 

-09 2.16 
+0.1 101 
-03 433 
-06 007 
-03 509 
-07 239 
-Ol 000 
-0.7 237 
-0.7 456 
-00 405 
-02 923 
-0.1 207 
+02 332 
-07 .. 
+09 .. 
-Ol 307 
-13 .. 
-01 317 
-00 279 
-00 301 
-05 300 
-07 107 
-0.7 306 
-00 106 
-07 2.72 
-17 103 
-07 1.44 


EWe renre Ho use. PortBmoutt* 
0705 827733 


Do Accum 

Auetratan Me 
Oo Accun 
European kic 
Do Accm 
Git ft Ftxad Inc 
Oo Accum 
Gold Fund me 
Do Aeon 

1253 13*9 
1263 H12 
517 S53 
roc a yaa 
1048 1120 
107.6 1150 
560 -590 
843 899 
-292 280 
£74 293 
1757 W/J# 

392.1 4193# 

107.1 1)40# 

1490 1592# 

1422 1520 
490 513# 

499 332# 

1301 139.1# 

1366 MU# 

1013 1060 
1053 1129 
2149 2297 

£172 2322 

; SihBim CO'S AC 883 602' 

IIK baaqr Inc 1012 toot# 

Do Accub 1571 1890# +07 336 

Recovery 81S4 9720 .. £52 

Pensions ft Oarty 6960 627.7 .. 322 

Etea tecoma 612 654#'--'.. 607 

Do j 

tasmerome ■ 

Oo Atcut* 

J« Sreir Co s Ac 
Srifoaoore ft fttatay 
Do Aocum 
Smtflar Go's tec 
Do, Accun 
SwStt 'Stated 
Oo Accun 
Tokyo Fred tec 


-3.1 006 
-3.1 066 
+12 222 
,+t0 222 
-02 1.13 
-02 1.13 
-02 9.0? 
-03 906 
*06 239 
+07 £36 
+0.1 049 
+02 049 
-412 009 
-00 107 
-08 1.07 

+12 US 
♦14 1.18 
-00 009 
-10 009 
-1.7 024 
-17 024 
-17 OOO 
+00 a 35 

33-36 GoOTOrorcft St London EC3V QAX 
01-623 S776/871I 
UK EaRy tec 2<6 294 

Go Ace 249 264 

Earn Tst nc 233. 2 *Sm 

Do ACC 230 2*20 

CtebalOtbtec ' 270 294 

Do AOC 27.6 29.4 

Managre Eaanpt iii2 1190 . 

-03 500 
-03 500 
-Ol 1.00 
-0.1 100 
-Ol 100 
-Oil 100 
-07 400 

'29 St A n dre w s Str Edtebugh 
031-556 9101 

1500 1600 
2232 2380 i 

te« tecome Unto 
Do. Accun 



19. Sl AnOtows Sq. EMtaugh- 
031 225 2211 

1B92 198.1 

uk Gator 



1469 157.1 
1639 1793 
2191 2301 






109. meant Sl Glasgow G2 5Mt 
041.249 6100 

UK EqUtr 
Grit A R id 
UK Sndr Co'S Eg 

1692 1800 
nao >259 
1480 1570 
1740 1892 
107.7 1140 
1692 1692 

-30 20* 
-23 730 
- 20-221 
-22 006 
-43 155 
-12 009 

29 Cbariatu Sq. EriMurirt 
031^29 4372 
faeffle 599 

WQrtd Gnmttt 347 ' 

N American 332 

tecoma Fund 469 

European 390 .407 

N Anrar tec 259 27.6 ■ 

UK Growth 31.7 340 

Extra Inc 320 340# 


PO Bui 902. EAfoirto EH16 SOU 

(01-655 9000 

2334 2484 
2699 2991 

-90 304 
-20 304 

30 Cay Rd. London BC1Y 2AY 
01-638 8011 

Anrar Tecta 9 Gan 

Sec tecome Fnd 
Special Sauettora 
ktt Growtti 
American Mfiort 
Small Co * 

Japan Tecta 8 Gan 


Euro Growtti 
Euro taoomr 

1029 1130 
178.4 1897 

175.1 1874e 
2147 2297 

274 29 J# 
710 750 

1094 IK 
550 __ 
5*95 5897# 

94.1 390# 
292 312 
969 990# 

-25 02* 
-09 OOO 
-00 4.15 
-T2 1.48 
-04 016 
-09 031 
-03 107 
-08 OOO 
-02 50* 
.. £25 
.. 101 
.. 002 
+10 400 

1. London Watt ~ 
01088 3684 Ext 

London EC2M 5PT 

530 970# 



3 George SL Edttrgh BO 2XZ 
031 2252552 






-02 328 
-02 926 


45. Charlotte SO Ertcutfi 
031-228 3271 

American Find 
Do Accum 
Do MWtt—l 
AusbMten Fred 
Do Accun 
Brash Find 
DO Accun 
Europoan fired 
Do Aocura 
Japm Fired 
Do Acaaa 
Sans PPP 

2231 2377 
2505 2960 
1599 I860 
9*9 101.0 
995 1027 
6099 6*64 
9170 870.7 
2670 9850 
281 7 3001 
3093 3912 
3079 3270 
1640 1727. 

-50 343 
-50 243 
-30 243 
+20 101 
+23 101 
-30 402 
-90 *32 
-06 0-97 
-DB 097 

-30 022 
-39 022 


Sun Attxnce Mro. Horsham. Suren 
0403 56293 

Equhr Trial ACC 3898 *139 

N Ate Tract Acc 57* 61.0 

Far Eare Treat Acc 75.0 79 7 

Worionda Bond <70 500 

106 125 

-9.1 723 


PO BoxS.KMnsHse. AndarerHrens.SR>0 IPG 
026* 621 81 0a a i n g c0 264 6*38 

Arererean me 
Db Accun 
Exua mean# tec 
Do Accun 
General IM tec 
Ob Accun 
Gat 8 Pared tec 
Do Acorei 

Paoac tee 
Do Aeeun 
Inti tec 
Do Accun 

Oopstac 522 
ant 691 


OP Accum 

Do Accum 

1190 1224# 
1197 1274# 
1160 134.0 
061 1440 
1591 166.1# 
2599 273.*# 
SOS 52.7 
669 087 
2190 2299# 
3399 3594# 
147.8 157.1# 
1524 1622# 
2990 3180 
368 7 393.* 
622 862 

41 4 441 

-22 092 

-23 ana 

+09 480 
+07 400 
-20 £73 
-12 273 
-OS 917 
-07 917 
-09 420 
-13 420 
-03 025 
-09 025 
-3.1 124 
-30 13* 
-at 178 

-0.1 1.7ft 
+01 224 
+0.1 234 


HausA. ftittittt iu to AO, AybHbui Gads 

Anrar Eagra 


C nuim ctWy 



European Spec Sts 

Extra tecoma 
Gir Korea' 
Gold tecome 
Do Aeeun 

Matey 8 Swypere 
R ju l x ' 


Prat Share 

worid tecome 
Woriomoa GkxdI 


i Aeeun (3). 


£- Sl MWV At*. LOUM EC3A BSP x 
01 92SG3B8 - ' • . - • . + 

SnolerOo'S 639.70.1 -02 tOD 


Menqate .Nouaa. £ fixMM Oxk. Lonaon ^iy 
3AT ... 

01-249-1250- - i 

Amencan Growth -. *£8 *5.7 -12 089 

Genera* Growth 522 ~S92# -03 910 

GtebalTach *2-1 45,1 . -09 DIO 

tecome Growth 600 6*9# ' -02 £45 

income Monthly *96 630#- -412 723 

Juan Growtti *4.5 477# : „ Out 

Man Enter n; M2 259 . .. £31 

00 Aocum 242 259 at 

O'SBBS Growth 44.1 «T.« - -03 V22 

Smaaar Coe - 620 899 -02 £77 

SpeoN Opp* 729 . 770 ; -04 20* 


19 . 


DO Acc 

Do Accum 
Far Eastern 
Do Aeeun 
Fte ft Prop 

Oo Accm 
DO Accun 
Out incame 



do Accun 
M Eamrega 

901—539# +12.-10S 
5£2 950# ■' +1.1 175 
3140 334.7# ' -10 3j& 
5634 6000#' ..-1.7 306 
•2992 9180# -. -10 GST 
6803 7240# - -4.0 

1*99. iso 4. -u. eaa 
1609 .1720 ..-10 £» 
540 679 -&1 SS7 

8*7 90.2 -41 a*7 

1252 1300 ' -10-094 
4491 1510 — -1.1 Q* 

nao it* 0 #. -as u* 
'1797 1650# -10 3 m 
• 547 J93 .-0.1007 

4197. 1170 . . -09 M7 
2300 2540#.- -f A 405 
7393 7693# -30 Hs 
1810 1720 ' -Oft no 

UKHIOWPBiriirM AMA— W , a 
UKH nres. Csstte.aTSatebuy.sin 3SK . 

0722 336242 


1169 17220 ' -07 
1375 T*9I# -04 
N Amar . m.7 118.7# 


65 HUbun Vtatua KHA 2BI ■ ' 

01-236 3053 


Growtti tec 
Do Accun 


Do Accum 
Do Accun 
Auer ft Gen 
Oo Acamt 
Master Arifoto 
Do Accub* 

Abng Rote ass p) 1193 1250 
Do Accun 1193 1259 

Far -Can 9 Ore me *70 sai 
■ Do Accun 479 901 


wretay Home. 7. O*ronbbF0q. London CC2 
01-829 1582 

American Trust - ' 639 697# 

Far Earn ft Gan ”999 999. 
tetf Growtti . 896 70 S# 

tecoma Trial -83 7 9B.T 

Japan Growdi UU T227 
Smrt CompamaS -1133 12£5 
Technology 324 340 

Aurerta 361 398 

UK TriflH 1290 1372# 

European Growth 493 514# 

Hong Kong 203 ju 

-06 UO 
-02 190 
-09 090 
.. 960 
-10 £00 
-03 020 
+09 £00 
400 120 
.. 190 

Dw.y «^r? Ufa** 

13. Charioae Sq- BtreoujF* 
031-225 1561 ... . 

AosuslanGaM 148 150. 

PteStaBm 199 13J 

Canarian Brt Oft S9« 624 

+06 815 
+03 020 
-19 096 

Gnus Mae rm . sumo- io*0#+i0i.l ;90 


2 Honey La EC2 BBT - a 

01-606 9065/6 — • • 

Sm DM Gte Fund 673 684 . . OJB 
US Gort Bond Fd 1509 606 -Ol .. 

Wteosgr House. 63. Kregsway, London WC2B 

01-405 8331 

Com ft Eouiy 







-10 70S 
-02 5 W 
-03 £23 

The unit trust quotations 
on thjs page refer to 
Wednesday's trading 


• Ex dhridend. c CUorGMctand k Cum 
skXfc ipftL.# Be Stock 9Pflt Ri CUra o9 

(any tern or mor« o( atow^i. «Ex al (iny 

two or more at 

DeaBng or 

vattretiorutej ^K 0). Monday. ^Tuesday. 

. ,25th of month: (21) 2nd TTmistey of 
montiL (23 Is* and 3rd Mtodnssday of 
month. (23) 2001 of month. (24) 3rd 
T uesda y of month . (25) 1st and 3rd 
Thursday of month. (26) 4th TuRsdayof 
month. (27) 1st tMednesdayof month. 08) 
Last Thursday of month. (29) 3rd wortemg 
day of month. (319 IBth of month. (31) 1st 
iMmcingdayof month. (32) 20th of month. 

of month. (39) 2nd 
of month. (40) Vahrad 
1) Last Thursday of Stodi 

Exchange account (42) Last day of 
month. (43J 

2nd and 4th Wednesday at 
Quanmiy. (4^ Gth of month, 
aosday of jnonffi. 


hqh Low Comreny 


me* OTgs panoe 


fart Law Company 

PHot OUgapnnoa % PfS 


tort Law Camomr 

117 94 
790 663 
1*8 130 
358 296 
12D 100 
170 96 
252 159 
62V 53 
53 31 
448 364 
102 80 
855 635 
23 139 

149 106 
143 110 
36* 3I» 
T90 13* 
703 *20 

206 176 
117 100 

150 1*9 
374 284 
156 136 
93V 75 

160 119 

112 85 

207 142 
3*8 287 
120 75 
558 «0 
193 145 
3*9 »* 
12* to 1 - 
1*0 109 
703 4 m 

161 123 
147 123 

162 143 
396 322 

93 66 

109 « 

18 ? 118 
188 U9 
3X 775 
143 MS 
366 291 
1*7 1ZT 
206 IM 
231 <6* 
348 244 
9 00 215 


Amer Trust 

Ang Amer Sec 

Br Assets 
Dr Empire Sec 
Br tev 

•40 V 











Crescrom Japan 
DoTOy Inc 
Oo Cap 
Drayton Cora 
Drayton Far E3N 
Drayw* JMJW1 
Dundee Lon 
Ear Amer Asset 
Bte te u ron 
EWcfoc Gen 
Enspin tat 
Engren Scot 

Fit Attance 
F ft c Peotc 
first Sc* Amar 
firw on Gar* 

Flemng Amanean 
Rem mg Ctarar 
Ftemtng Emarpnta 
Flamffig Far East 
fiemteg Fladgteig 
n »i n« *g Japan to 
fire »ng Merorewa i59'i 
Ramnn OwrtNI 139 
fientna T*cn 153 

fiimng UnranM MS 

far C 3 . 89'. 

GBC Cteritel 
GT Jure 
General Funds 
Greer# CcteS 
Gosgow Slock 

Gwen AUrexe 

Govan Onem# 

Oo+rt Strategy 

Grasnsm House 



£1b.£8 43.4 
298 30 37.1 
4A 3.4 892 
09 26 539 
08 08 .. 
39b 33 449 
ifib 06 .. 
£7 4 7 319 
07 17 505 

21 7 59 37 0 
39 35439 
3140 37 305 
05 0 2 . 
129 8.1 179 



















146 45 31.7 

i6 as .. 

14 02 . . 

8 Ob 4 0 352 

09 08 620 

18 903 
35 M3 
29 639 

19 869 
£3 sag 

10 789 
. _ 44 314 

9.7 116 63 

69 15674 

7.4 49 339 

1£9b 49 987 
14 10 . . 

36 Z6S2S 

5.7 06 . . 
ar 33404 
39 29 46.0 
39 22 551 
80 29 626 
tl 29 005 









20b 11 .. 
23 I 7 965 
150 59 MS 
39 24 55 I 
15.7 45 296 

* Ob 2.3 *3 6 
09 1.7 677 

5.1 29 626 

2* 07 

83 23323 

dte TO) 
fafcw Criljr penoa % 


SHTSiUrMf Birt Tears'. 
! *'iC 

• Z ic *' 

i iC 

r % : r 

. -: c . 


•s '« 



fC'te ' 

*•; rr '• 

i b.'ras r* 



S ic 
i ir ■ 
•T iir 

■ 07 



• k'll; 


■ «■; 






19* 156 tonttwts 

308 263 HA (P) 

BOO 5*0 tateart at 

29* au tan Cap 

59 *9 Jk 

101 80 Kla 

132 110 tOjtewon O seaa 
292 237 KUeneon Smaler 
233 188 Law OebSMUtt 231 

to 56 Lon Mertnam Sec 59 

7i 61 um Trust ft* 

128 102 Marcnaras 1»9 

IM 161 Monks 194 

• +2 



£5 40* 
_ 1 2 .. 
60 £4 77 3 
Ol 09 . . 
34 £6409 


90 33260 
02 53 151 
6.1 • 95 21.7 

Gib Si 314 
£7 19 


159 129 
187 137 
29* 215 
380 318 

68 49 
189 156 
6* 50V 

Murray tad 
Moray Smrt 
Muray vereott 
New Cauri 
New Own (M 

Nwttvag Inc 83 









7.7a 49 299 
710 43350 
39n 14 . 

7000 2.7 616 
213 50298 

15 659 
31 380 




2*7 IBS 
329 278 
81 31 

386 279 
17ft 145 
78 56 

M 33 
<2 37 

405 338 

NOT Tokyo 
N>I ABreec Sk 
N th See tun 





PtaOc Assets 
Oo Wrrm 
Parson# Assets 





11 05 . . 

49 1 6 969 
07 29 380 

77b 21 856 
4.9 30 *£2 
13 88.7 



13 .. 
49 407 

171 147 
258 216 
247 207 
227 181 

Rt*#r ft uwc 
Rxrar Pm 






49 885 

jftv ir. 

138 116 

320 273 
113 89 


Sl Antemn 
Scot Anrancui 
Scar Eastern 



IS .27 




03 £5 621 
97a 31 444 


420 390 
538 402 

SCM Man: 'A' 
Sac Mtas 
Scat Nat 



Sec Ot Scasred 
SmaBer Cps 
Otewwi Enin) 

tr Mm 






29 579 
2 &D 62 202 
121 £3 561 

72 £4 56.1 
2* Bn 38 334 

39B «7 »5 
20 20 53.1 

06 17 .. 

£3 36 320 

122 95 
199 *55 
226 201 
101 90 

im ns 
1» 1*0 

TR Oly Ol Ltan DU114 
TR kte & Gan 1B2 
TR Nans# Res 720 
TR North Arnreca 91 
TR Paata Babo IBS 
Tfi Property 1B2 

118 BC; TR Tech 106 

174 139 TR Trustees 161 
169 US Temple Bar 157 

305 237 ThoreatOrton tw 
** “5, ThrogSecrefoCapBra 

«f iS ’ im*”" 0 S 
^ £ Sg’SS^S « 

82 36 
74 59 

115 85 
2U 181 
353 286 

Wktag nsimaiMi 


rent a rooBOm E w iOfl 
reran m 



60 £7 51.1 

.. 39 20 37£ 

- 150-170 80 

80 £9 519 

29 7917.7 
£2 3.7 *32 

00 31 48.0 
40 £3560 
137b 39 381 

*7'. 35'- 
71 SI 
*9 21 
15* 116 
22V 13'. 
2tr i2'. 

iss isr 

140 90 
247 1B7 
108 66 
7*0 375 
0* 77 

Anrairatn Express 

B n te nti ra Arrow 
Da*, Mrt 
Do ’A' 

Eng Trust 

Frost Gp 

f*T 75 
18 980 
218 163 
4*0 320 
362 28* 
99 76 

26 16 
206 TS2 

Goode CD A Ml 
i ta rnati o n Aoimi 

Paata tar Tst 
Ob yvsrrants 
9am New Court 

100 Ol 7.4 



G W Joynton and Co report 

SUGAR (From C. CxBRtoow) 

Aug 12*2-23.6 

63 133.4-330 

DOC 138,6-484 

March M&2-48.4 



— 151.8-53.0 

- 15WW7.4 



S^f — 
Dec , 


May — 
July — 
Sapt — 
Vet — 

— 1 304-03 

— 3250 

July — 
SMX — 
Nov ■■■■ * " 


May — 

.. 1625-20 

- 1653-55 

- 1695-92 

- 1725-20 

- 1765-55 

- 1780-70 



Aug 120.5-20.0 

Oct — 121.0-20.7 

Dec 121.020.7 

Fed 123JKa2 

— 125.0-24.2 

- 104^4.00 




Unofficial prices 
Official Turnover figures 
Price In E per metric tonne 
Shear in pane# per troy ounce 

Rudcrff Wctfft Ca Lkt report 





Barety Steady 


Cash 841.0-94^0 

VOI 250 




^3h 246.0-247.0 

Three Months 246JW4T0 

Vot 625 




Cash .. 

Three Months 



Tone . 

.. ta 
■ Wte 


Cash 5M5-S105 

Three Months 51 2-5-5135 

Vol 3DQ0 

Tow Borety Steady 


Cash 331.0-3325 

Hiree Months __ 338.(^3395 
Vol m 




CBSh . 

Three Months. 

Tone . 




Three fttonths - 

Tone . 






Three Month* 2625-2630 

VOI 305 

Tone , 

. Firmer 


' C0MMS90N 
AverepefatBhxk prices M 

rtpreseffiitfwtt markets bb 

July 9 

G8; Catfle, 87.80p per ko hr 


s Sheep I75.48p per kg eat 

GtoftM, 7468pp*r kfl Iw 

Engtad and Walt*; 

Cattle nos. up 120 to, B»e. 


C«M nos. up 15.6 to. pv*. 
pnes, 9&0p(+4L2Q 

Steep nos. up 18.5 to. eve. 
-Off. 1BJ33p(3T1Xr 
I nos. n/a to, awe. 

-n to 


Spar tamo 









Barley _ 

WteaS Barley 
Cios# Close 
















A pro 
. toy 


p. ptrkio 

Open Ctoee . 
1065 107 J) 

im* nos ■ 

iiu lias 

1013 1013 
1023 1023 
1023 1023 
1033 1033 
103JS . 103JB 
- mo 1033 

vote 16 

Beef Contract 

Aug . 


ft® - Ctose 
. 1823 . 1813 
1833 1833 



E per tonne 



Feb . 



Open Ctoee 
1200 ' 120 0 
1303- 1323 
1740 1753 

1873 1870 

800 . .613 

GJPLL Freight Fotoras Ltd 
report *10 per todex petal 
freight Index 

Oct 86 
Apr 87 
0a 87 
Jan 88 
Apr 88 







Jut 88 
Dec 88 
Mir 87 
Jon 87 


vet S2 tots ; 
0penttriereit45 ' 

Spot mgn« c Dtm w na iy. 
.TarfterMetc. . 

'suseas'-: - 




Shares off best 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began June 30. Dealings end today. §Contango day next Monday. Settlement day July 21. 

§ Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 



© Tiroes N***r*pw* Ltatal 


Claims required for 
+23 points 

Claimants should zing 0254-53272 

E E55l^rpg?tTi ] 

man Law cow pmy 

™ ESSZ!2i^a ■■ 


a* yu 

Pnca Cf)'go panes % PIE 

’HJB, ** 123 « 7A u M 

£ Csn £15% +to 

3 “ ^ g^ft* «aeet 334 -n US <3 97 

ii H £ • &****** w. -% im 23112 

JS .« Sn*th % Aubyn «7 -I 2.8 U M3 

SS Sana cnan 777 -zs tun &* 9# 

W % HS 1 * ”0 ..SIB 7.570# 

B* mb'. •*% .. .... 

320 220 VMnmw . 305 7.7 2# MS 


E E5ESEI — I bi 




E ECB7?Tr^u,'4M|TTT^ 

E ESE53JEM G555E SB ■ M 

SfUm 3*3 

BotaMn ’k 


tUnrnfHP) 1 Ts? 
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CM* (M M taaa d 510 


GnuiM MMfey (59 

BST* a 


SSW ,D “ is 

SApyamiM 1B3 

Em 5 H tow iso 

1 Seagram E3Bb 

VBtat 405 

WMmd'A- 290 
Do Q- 283 

MMOraed inv 230 
& D 548 
Y«Mp 'A' 275 

• +2 135 

• t-7 21.7 

• 43 12 


• .. 2000 


.. IS* 

.. 107 

• .. IB# 

• .. 73 


•*io naa 

• 25 JS 



• OO : 
*1 02 : 



*2 100 : 
+3V 41.1 

.. IM ■ 
•-3 ii.i : 

• .. ii.i ; 

m .. 10# . 
12.7 : 
.. 10# i 

H ^1 1 1 E I — 

FTl ■ ■ 1 , 1 > -■ Filui ■ j'-'Ili LIB B | 


Please be s»e to take account 
of any nduisfaas 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £8.000 in 
tomorrow's ne ws pape r. 


288 2JB AhenMen Conatr 25* •+ 

287 213 Amoc 25* +< 

6* 52 AmcBU* 64 J 

is 2SS°S?- J 170 •+ 

SS 2 1 5™ kOKOrtM 560 •+; 

SI g»na» Mp» Orlek 345 • . 

Tf* ’J4 Barran gaa a 14* +• 

V M BMeyffian) Coratr a ■< 

1? £ K5SS«™ ’g - 

£ A : 

72S 531 BbaCfob 630 

275 235 BroadonlCtouCf HI 275 

91 -Bi Br Undoing 78 

28 10 Brown £ Jackson 2Sb +' 

110 65 ao-n taa M • . 

IK 84 Bryan tan 

27 11 Stmtt S HUM 12b *' 

158 158 CakotXMd RoDey 158 

S5 CWMfllMdMOO* 100 

MB 80 ComMr Grp 105 

57* 44# COOT*/ 55* +3 

*03 ms CamyalM *58 

158 124 Crouch (Dank) ISO 

SIB*"- I * 

91 75 FUj 81 

71 H Do ‘A* 71 

68 5* Fkikn Op 62 

Bi 50 QMUbn? 67 .. 

131 106 GtU 8 Dandy Ord 130 

380 23* canaon MO 380 *2 

113 95 HAT 103 -1 

245 SB Heicai Bar 230 

79 42 Hewdan-Sun 78 #-i 

252 149 Haywood Wants 244 -2 

633 428 HK»a#m 5B5 

190'jUSj lOMOCh JDhIMtol 174 r .. 

CO 205 Jana UI S Sm 416 

*88 296 LUngin *88 4# 

4S4 286 aS -V 48* 48 

122 70 LMianea (Wnai) 1iB 

91 71 Hay (FJC) 78 +1 

*29 Lovnl (YJ) 42B • 

IK 126 Magnti 8 Somn 176 *« 

306 17B Mtondan 200 +t 

135 im KMay 1M<i +1 

193 161 Mnrtowii (ltoHa n) IK 

IK 99 May 4 Hats** . ses -3 

*** 30* McMDha (Mtrad) 4*2 

272 171 Mnar aa 259 «+i 

27 23 Mur (Samtoy) 28 

130 WS Monk (AJ 127 

444 3B9 UoaAam JJolai) «ge - +1! 

S TUB NanarMf CTO 

16a ma nori a l u an* iw • . . 

23* 118 Panttomn 222 -2 

110 87 Rtaanta Unbar 90 

395 265 PocM» 380 

672 *40 RI4C MS +2 

482 mi Hamnd *48 *2 

323 T» RiiwiM 301 

191 133"* Rugby Comar* IM 4-1 

129 87 Sharps S Hsftar 128 

.64 70 Snail tj} 83 • .. 

SI# 342 Tame 486 +1( 

3*8 236'i Taylor Woocktw 340 *2 

168 140 Ttowry Gsom 167 

433 328 Ttwta # AIM* 433 

101 76 Hart 77 

185 138 Tortfl 180 

303 105 vnratant 303 

290 2*S -1Mn> 283 

78 58 Wantagton m TO 

20* 174 WWW Buka 181 

m B7 Wto u arottoa 80 

tm 41 toAngha 104 41S 

273 157 W&OT (CamoaM 273 42 

216 120 Wkapay (Gaorga) 209 *2 

(LI DJ1&5 

15 43 M 

16 2# 17# 

06 4# 14# 
21 1.1 . . 


21 07 16# 

4# 13 38.7 
6# Z# 14.1 
M 97 21# 
IQ 0# .. 
1# 13 lOl 

23 0S223 

2.1 21 13-1 

4.1 22 13# 
6# 2 3 19.1 
1# 1 2 .. 

4 £ 21 15#0> 
890 U 16# 
6# 22 16.7 
XI 1# 16# 

24 21 17.7 

07 1.0 773 

6.1 3.1 12# 
82a 6# IM 

16 4# 11# 

17 2# 7.7 

1.0 04 .. 

07 4# 11# 

7.16 S# 60.1 
7# 6# 102 
1.46 07 21# 
5# 42 13# 

4L3 13203 

17 1# 107 

190 74 
570 3S6 

80 SB 
111 63') 
42E 33t 

81 <0 
174 121 
221 156 
21G , i1S6'i 
46 32 

31S 207'j 
305 208 
23 ; m 

Cook (Wm) 

Cock 900 

Cotamay Rope 
Com Qa Omar 
Crm Ncncrsai 
Crown Houm 
C umnmt 3’«% 

CMas 8 MM -A- 
Dama i n aw man 


t w u> 


■3 11.1 

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.. 12# 


-8 MJ 

*2 373 

.. D7« 


*12 17# 



I .. M# 
*4 e# 
It'i 47.1 
~3 9# 

a 11# 

.. w# 

► -•l 7# 

a 73 

t 5 . 57 


4#a 9# 32# 
0.16 02 .. 
9# 62 14# 

TS 77 140 
1.1 6.1 3# 
26 0# 24# 
1# 82 12# 
!7S 4# .. 

• 44 11# 

*9 15.7 

*2 0.1 
•4-1 6.1 

• *2 12 # 

• .. 102 

44 IQ# 

-a • 
-2 100 

.. 37.1 

.. 300 

.. 143 



• .. 57 , 

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40 37 .. 
2# 24 157 
2*#b 4# 10# 
8# 1# 12# 
6# 5710# 
6# 8.7 13# 
2#b 1# 23# 
4.7 4# 19# 

2# 27 124 
2# 36 B7 
5.4 87 242 
S3 72 14.1 
2# 2# 38# 

7# 21 13.1 

5# 6# 108 

. . . . M# 

2# 32134 
9# 3# IS# 

19# 3# IS# 

7.1 4.1 131 

250* 6# 142 
10# 2.0 13# 

10# 21 13# 
52 4# 9# 
5# 7.1 1D.1 

102 2# 121 
37 3# 162 
17# 4.1 16# 
5# 4# 23.9 

7#b 4# 16# 
S#a 21 .. 
17# 4# 142 
62 32136 
1# 5# .. 
9# 7# 17.1 
229 52127 
157 12 T7.4 

9# 47 142 
7# 3# 124 
4# 42 3# 

164 42 24 

20# 32142 

165 37 M.1 

12# 4,1 )Q7 

9.1 52 IM 
3# 26192 
B#b 87 172 

134 27 202 

12# 32 15.1 
72 47 112 
127 22172 
12 61 67 
100 52 322 


246 228 Abtanwrai 
18* 128 Aifltan Him 
715 296 AMOtotjasia 
IM 110 Banday Tacn 
26 IS'i Camaka 
283 194 CaiKKMr 
43 IS Canrnmy 
27‘r 17 Equity 6 Oan 
IBS M3 bray 6 Sm 
. 104 153 MUMS* 

78 72 Nat Henna Loa 

95 33 DO n, 

143 114 U aw maim 

233 12 06 .. 

142 4# 33 23 aa 

BOO r -25 272b 42 6# 
196 .. . .. .. 

£19<> .. 17.1 0# 76# 

257 .. 57 22 402 


22'i -1'j 1.7 72 212 

146 **S 6# 4# a># 

189 66b 4.7 27.1 

72 -2 



FtaMeW Itmto «ppMr an Pag* M 

13# 4# 133 
10.4 17 l&O 
1 # 2 # 8 # 
U 36 12# 
1# 2# 2*0 
67 0710# 

2# 1.1 M2 

M 22262 

1» ASOMIR 146 

9i Aipma Drwfes 31 
313 AmyO 320 

- 238 AB Food 310 

97 Assoc Ftshanas 103 

53* Asm 554 

7*6 Barks (Skkiey q 325 

5 It'i Barfeir 4 Ooocon 
230 BairlAG} 355 

1*5 Basiett RXXtS 163 
9e Bstbn loo 

145 Bamn 179 

73 BStokdCer* 96 
6« Br VMdng (BVQ 130 
142 CadDuty- gcl ynapp ai 17B 
ms Cm mug i« 

160 cadonto Oamaa 225 

M2 DO -A' 2OT 

215 CMtorn 216 

220 Daa 235 

151 RaBor (Allan) 171 

s&i Fitch loael 261 
208 GUM Gtoxar 20B 
758 HtUmoaO Foods 828 
170 wards 206 

161 Madam HUga 205 

75 Homo Firm E0 

489 Icatomt noon 512 
220 MtokSno 270 

. BS Urns (John J) 98 
50 um fBF) IBS 

505 LO* (An) 590 

124 MaMiton (Barnard) 253 
93 Maas Tratsa &vp ios 
150 Montoon rtHJ 706 
210 aacnsia PN) (VHNo|220 
i 59 Normans 59 

256 N9*i Foods 296 

152 Ma«9n 6 Paaeoch 1T2 

07 Ark Foods 151 
1S7 RHM 215 

386 R0M*M Mac *35 
344 Stonabusy t# 630 

122 P ih u i (Saw) 151 
15* Sonportas 211 

520 Tatt * LyM S93 

138 mauiFMa 

313 243 
221 158 
277 214 
42-/ 29'j 
153 162-j 
2B** 17>. 
104 52 
UH 1B-. 
381 262 
28N 19'r 
164 134 
140 112 
3*2 ISO 

220 127 

415 315 

55 22 

42 K 
143 IDS 
75 TO 
628 4« 

67 35 

124 64 

M 3T> 
123 100 
41 ') 27'j 

199 157 
67 51 

131 64 
385 256 
310 260 
118 90 
1*7 100 
150 111 
11 ‘.TSS'i 

344 194 
505 325 
182 107 
312 206 
to 5 * CF. 
83 SB'j 
232 134 
1B2 126 

265 TO 

200 230 

39 25-. 

49 31 

191 141 
190 146 
116 96 
124'. MB'. 
190 133 
230 175 
623 <31 
150 02 

190 81 

221 140 

201 98 
K 65 
(42 122 
BI 82 
106 88 
285 148 
120 91 

15'* Irt 
310 234 
115 M 

266 207'j 

191 119 
315 211 
295 265 
123‘i 96 •> 
615 473 
216 133 

44') 22*1 
330 235 
i«J 68 

132 67 

29 XI 
38 25 

325 TBS 

130 in 
2S8 230 
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Steel users renew call to 
cut excess state capacity 

Hampton chief goes as 
Metals bid succeeds 


By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 
Britain's leading car and over too many plants “instead ered to be surperfluous to 

engineering groups todav re- 
newed their call on the Gov- 
ernment to close excess state- 
owned steelmaking capacity 
which, they said, was restrict- 
ing their future com- 

The British Iron and Steel 
Consumers' Council, which 
claims to represent 50 per cent 
of British steel consumption, 
said the Government's re- 
quirement on the British Steel 
Corporation 10 retain excess 
capacity could result in invest- 
ment being spread too thinly 

of being concentrated az those 
with the best long-term 
potential ** 


The council said today that 
of all the European Communi- 

The council's comments iy countries. Britain was plan- 
have been timed to follow the nmg the smallest increase of 

The managing director of 
Hampton Gold Mining Areas, 
Mr George Livingstone- 
Learmonth. has resigned at 
the request of Metals Explora- 
tion. the Atusirahan mining 

By Onr City Staff 
ctor of until March 1989 

-Areas, A non-executive director. 
;stone- Mr Ian McIntosh, a director of 

jied at Hampton’s merchant bank, 
xplora- Samuel Montagu, is also re- 

Thom has a point to 
prove at Inmos 

annual statement of the BSC investment in continuous 
chairman, Mr Robert Scholey, casting, one of the most cost- 

group controlled by Mr Alan 
Bond, after Metals formally 
announced the success of res 
contested takeover bid 
Mr Livingstone- 

Learmonth, said: “I am disap- 
pointed, but I think it is 
pointless to be bitter” 

Mr Liviogstone-Learmonth 
declined to comment on what 
financial arrangements had 
been made over his contract 
with Hampton, which runs 

chairman, Mr Robert Scholar, casting, one of the most cost- 
who in announcing the BSCs effective methods of produo- 
first post-tax profit for 10 mg steel 

years said on Wednesday that This could only damage the 
the group s configuration was prospects of Bhnsh 

not ideal Sled and steel-using mdus- 

Neither Mr Scholey nor the tries which at present account- 
council was prepared to say ed for more than 15 per cent of 

this week which United King- 
dom steel plants were consid- 

total United 


UUIIIUV1 p — I — 

S ig, but Metals nas not 
any other senior man- 
agement employees to follow 

Mr Bond will be joining the 
Iflinntnn board with three 

Hampton board with three 
other Metals executives and 
Mr Alan Birchmore, head of 
the Bond Corporation’s Brit- 
ish interests. 

Hampton bowed to the 
inevitable yesterday and ad- 
vised other shareholders to 
take the 1 50p cash offer. 




New York (Agencies) - 
Shares retreated in early trad- 
ing yesterday, influenced by 
disappointment over the lack 
of momentum in this week’s 
market recovery 
Speculation of an imminent 
cut in the discount rate had 
provided encouragement early 

Declining shares outnum- 
bered rising ones by seven to 
four on a strong volume of 48 
million shares. The Dow 
Jones Industrial average 
slipped by 7.88 points to 

On Wednesday, it dosed 
534 higher at 1,826.07. 

RICS Journals: Mr Alan 
Yates has joined the board. 

Norwich Winterthur Rein- 
surance: Mr M G Falcon, Mr 
P Spain, Mr V W Hughffand 
Mr R Henggeler are- now on 
the board Mr Falcon has been 
elected chairman and Mr 
Spain has become deputy 

Business Design Group: Mr 
Brian Key is chairman and 
chief executive. Mr Jeremy 
Rewse-Davies becomes depu- 
ty chairman and group direc- 
tor of design. 

• BATLEYS: Total dividend 
for the year to April 26. 1986. 
2 20p (2 I Op adjusted) Turn- 
over £201 75 million (£175 19 
million). Profit before tax and 
extraordinary items £1 73 mil- 
lion (£2 million). Earnings per 
share 8.32p (8.6 Ip adjusted). 

• NOKTHAMBER: Year to 
April 30. 1986. Final dividend 
1 3p. a 30 percent incease on the 
previous yr Turnover £21 64 
million (£16 12 million). Pretax 

profit £1 85 million (£1 2] mil- 
lion). Earnings per share 13.8p 
(8 9p restated). 

months to June 30 Interim 

(£41 52 million). Pretax profit 
£4 19 million (£3.52 million). 

Sam Wainwright 

Manders (Holdings): Mr 
Sam Wainwright is now 

National Freight Consor- 
tium: Mrs Muriel Craddock 
will take over as director of 
communications on October 

British Airways: Mr James 
Eytes becomes director of fuel 
on August 1. 

Frys Metals: Mr A S Davey 
is now a director 

Gold Fields: Mr Robin Her- 
bert has bran made a director. 

Heating and Ventilating 
Contractors’ Association: Mr 
Edgar Poppleton has been 
elected president. Mr John 
Beresford is made president- 
elect and Mr Chris Corbin is 

Society of British Aerospace 
Companies: Mr R H Robbins 
has been elected president Mr 
T Mayer has been become 

Michael Peters Retail: Miss 
Anne Bacon has joined the 
board as marketing director. 
Mr Roger Cooke and Mr John 
Barber have been promoted to 
associate directors. Mr Chris 
Norman is now project 

share 0.1 96p (loss 0.143p). 

• LEWMAIb Dividend i 54p, 
as forecast, for the year to Feb. 
28. 1986 Turnover £16.13 mil- 
lion (£14.81 million). Pretax 
profit on ordinary activities 
£3.52 million (£2.82 million). 
Earnings per share 9.1p, based 
on 22.48 million shares (8p 
based on 20.71 million shares). 

GROUP: Half-year to April 25, 
1986 Interim dividend 0.75p 
(nil). Turnover £5.9 million 
(£3.06 million). Pretax profit 
£1 13 million (£606,000). Earn- 
ings per share 6.49p (3.50p). 

months to June 30, 1986. In- 
terim dividend 0.5p. A com- 
bined rights issue and placing of 
convertible preference shares is 
planned and details will be 
circulated to shareholders soon. 
Turnover £3.09 million (£2.79 
million). Pretax profit £647,000 

(£413,000). Earnings per share 
3 44p (3. 1 6p)_ 

Turnbull, the chairman, says in 
his annual statement that ship- 
ping and fishing are showing an 
improved trend but, - unless 

The closing time: 

LOOpm. tomorrow. 

Filial acceptances for the Lloyds Bank offer can be received by any branch of Lloyds Bank today. 

Our Increased Alternative Offer: 

872 P 

Standard Chartered Share Price: 



{as at ? *0pm on Thursdav, 10 July! 


If you are in any doubt about how to fill in the Green Form of Acceptance, telephone Lloyds Bank Registrars 
on Freephone Lloyds Bank. ^--n, 



Thi» jdvmisCTmmt v> published bp Lloidi Merchant Bank Limited on behalf of Lionet Bank PL The Dirccioft ol Hindi Bank Pk are the pmom 
rwponifbfc the inlomunun contained in this advertisement To the best ot their knowledge and belief i having cakcn all rcaionaHe uru to ensure chat 
iudi 14 the di c iniomiacion contained ui chiv adunu'-pmeni » in accordance with she face The Director* of Liovds Bank Pk accept responiibilif* 

Thevahm of Llovds Bank s Offer depend on ta .share price and an estimate bv Heate Oovea Ltd of the value of the not Llovds Bank n Cumulative 
Convertible Preference Shares The value of the Preference Share* is esomaced because u mil only be luted in the event of the Offer becoming un conditional 
sfcThe Increased Offer u final except in the limited circumstances set out in Uovds Bank s Increased Offer document dared -S lune l*Sti if the offer 
becomes unconditional as ns acceptances u must remain open tor a tureher H dan 

there are indications of a return 
to continuing profitability, the 
board will have to consider their 
future within the group. The 
current year for the group looks 
better than at the corresponding 
time last year 

MENTS: This Sydney financial 
services group plans to merge 
with its biggest shareholder, 
Koitaki. forming Clayton 
Robard, a. group with an ex- 

The stock market took a 
generous view of Thorn 
EMI’s results yesterday as 
investors concentrated on the 
good news. 

Had they focused instead 
on the remaining problems at 
Inmos, the losses m the 
American record business or 
the small matter of £60 
million reorganization costs 
charged below the line, they 
might have inteipreied the 
statement differently 

Cutting back on Inmos's 
Amen can production re- 
duces Inmos’s costs by about 
$3 million (£1.98 million) a 
month. But that is not 
enough to take the company 
back to breakeven For that 
Inmos has to increase sales in 
a slack market, a task made 
more difficult by its smaller 
production base if the ex- 
pected sales increase does not 
happen Thorn will be left 
with a loss-making company. 

the industry is in decline For Brothers, there is - still, the 
the moment at least. Thorn possibly of takeovers among 

seems to be successfully in- smaller companies ra the 
creasing market share and. sector • 

reducing, costs. 

That should ensure some 
further profits growth m the 
short term In addition, loss 
reduction at Inmos and cost 

That couid pur some spar-, 
kle; into this share pnee 

Stanley Leisure 

Taking a bet on . Stanley 

savings elsewhere mean that 1 n B a “t. ® n janiey 

profits should climb back to 5’2f ire ft i s ,P rot ®^i, 3 eood 
more than £140 million this safer than walking into 


Investors have put. .their WPjL . 
faith in Thom, pushing the 

price from 3Q7p to 5Q2p, up °5.4“ raber 13 00 “e roulette 

more than £140 million this aeal ™ 

year That suggests the shares gj? , I ^ r Jf 0Iiar ? Sleui " 
are trading on about 13 times Sf 1 ® s 1 1 7 betting shops or 

four casinos and placing a 
yankee on the card . at 

price irom ju/p to 3U2p, up 
35p yesterday, in the past 
year Now Thorn has to 


Stanley comes to the fill] 
market next Thursday with a 

prove to investors that it can ™ a 

return both Inmos and the of 

American music business to S eac “ arran ® ed b Y 


Birmid Qualcast 


Stanley's shops will not be 
so familiar to punters south 
of Watford More than SO are 

i\uuoiu, . /. 

peeled market capitalization of 
more than $Aus200 miUion (£83 
million) and funds under 
management of more than 
$Aus700 million The tenns will 
be two Koitaki ordinary shares 
and one convertible preference 
share, plus $ A us 13 cash, for 
every four Keywest, A com- 
parable offer will be made for 
the Keywest partly-paid shares. 

chairman, Mr L P Altman, says 
in his annual statement that 
vehicle registrations have in- 
creased in the first five months 
of the year and there are strong 
indications that August, the 
peak month for the industry, 
will again be buoyant He will be 
disappointed if pretax profits 
this year do not exceed the 1984 

Shareholders have voted 
overwhelmingly in favour of 
resolutions enabling Wyncon to 
subscribe for 65 million new 
ordinary shares m Charterhall 
At a board meeting, held shortly 
afterwards, the subscription was 
completed by allotment and 
issue to Wyncon of the shares 
(53_2 per cent of the enlarged 

dividend 15 65p (13.2p), pay- 
able on Sept_2. The directors 
forecast a final of at least 1 7 35p 
(IS 55p) for 1986. Gross rev- 
enue £! 26 million (£1 08 mil- 
lion). Earnings per mcome share 
15 66p (13.2QpX 

INGS): Total dividend 8.5p (7p) 
for the year to March 31, 1986. 
Turnover £42 06 million 

£4 19 million (£3.52 million). 
Earning: per share, before 
extraordinary items. 25.84p 
(21 8 Ip). The board expects the 
current year's results to exceed 

INGS: Half-year to March 31 
last. No dividend (ml). Turn- 
over £28.7 million (£25-2 mil- 
lion). Pretax profit £127,000 
Goss £49,000). Earnings per 

and little prospect of enticing 
nartners to take on some of 

n A ra the Merseyside area with 

^e. rest spread across the 
have been one of the star kf,ju-xr 

The group's US-based Cahners 
Publishing has signed a letter of 
intent lo purchase American 
Baby, of New York, which 
publishes and provides commu- 
nications services for companies 
seeking to reach the expectant 
and new parent market. AJB's 
turnover for 1 984 u projected at 
about $21 million (£13.8 mil- 

OF CANADA: The company 
has entered into an option 
agreement with Narex Inter- 
national Exploration to search 
for gold in Switzerland. The 

Disen os gold project is in the 
canton of Graub unden in the 

canton of Graub unden in the 
German sector of eastern 
Switzerland. Micham is entitled 
to earn a 64 per cent working 
interest by spending $415,000 
(£272500) in the four years 
1986 to 1989, totalling $166 

partners to take on some of 
the nsk. 

The music side, which lost 
$20 million in America but 
just broke even worldwide, 
should do better this year, 
after new investment But the 
company is still short of stars, 
without which it can hardly 
hope to increase sales sub- 

To its credit Thorn can 
point to a turoround at 
Ferguson, the televison man- 
ufacturing company and a 
huge drop in borrowings. 

During the year to March 
31 net debt was cut by £20 
million but a further £128 
million arrived m April fol- 
lowing the sale of Screen 
Entertainment Taken to- 
gether with the proceeds from 
the disposal of the heating, 
metal and cable interests, 
Thorn has received more 
than £200 million from dis- 

Average borrowings last 
year were £42 million higher 
than in the previous year at 
£448 million, but this year 
they should foil to about £350 
million compared to share- 
holders' funds of £581 mil- 
lion at the year end. That 
suggests that interest charges 
will foil from £493 million to 
£35 million. 

The advantage however 
will be offset by the loss of 
profits from the businesses 
which have recently been 
sold. They contributed a net 
£11 million to last year’s 
trading total 

The disposals have not 
affected the core of the group, 
which is still television rental. 
Last year this contributed £80 
million, or more than half the 
group’s £154 milhon trading 
profit The extent of this 
reliance on television rental 
is worrying to the extent that 

Midlands, Yorkshire, North- 
era Ireland and the Isle of 

engineering sector so for this 
year After a dull patch in 
1985. they have risen from 

Man • 

The company places great 

ETU iTiJ emphasis on gening away 

from the Andy Sppimagedf 
they were l 5p off thetr recent beitlI1 g ^ps and creating a 

* Olgn . - . . nlM.oinf atrtv«nhm> in n/hirlt 

Yesterday’s, nt^m^Ote, 

units, give real-time betting 

after the end of the account- SbSSSSSSoA; 
mg period, indicate that there - - h - , 

urn yenuu, muiuiib ut<u uiub • _t. n 

could be further gams id the 

million mine year to April on 
coming months. turnover of 139 02 Shoo 

imtng months. 

Profits rose from £3 7 mil- 

rroms ium: uuju io / mu- - 

hon to £6.1 million before tax. JSmSSS: 

anH tVw. cprrmd-hfllf nmfiu ^ess is berween 10 and 20 per 

and the second-half profits ** 

Should be better than that, . 

Ikminh fha; un!I nnt Tlte £300,000 ID fresn Cash 

though the disparity will not 

be as great as in past years, generated by the listrog yyiU 

Of the £2.5 million first- • r 

u^ir mMncu rcrvuwi muiioa cash -in the bank to 

half increase, £500,000 came . r 

from loss-eliminauon follow- 

ing the clsoure of two found- a « 1rt L t 

nes. , Further benefits from J2 

rauonalizanon have y« U) SSfflSS 


The underiymg trading in- BE5?S'5E£52 , 22 
ease was 45 per int, desplle the ^depressed eco- 

crease was 45 per cent, 
though that was flattered by 
comparison with a poor first 

imic conditions. 

The largest casino m Liver- 

half in the previous period, pool has applied to the Gam- 
when strikes among the ing Board for permission to 

company’s automotive cus- move to bigger premises 
tomers caused havoc with the while the Manchester opera- 
order book. tion has recently switched to 

The precise second-half a better position m the presti- 
profit contribution is difficult gious Midland Hotel 
lo forecast as sales of mowers Overall pretax profits in- 

are very weather-dependent creased from £1 22 million to 
If die English summer is wet, £1 72 million last year on 
encouraging grass to grow turnover of £42.76 million 
long andgreen, profits for the The company is not making a 
year could reach £13 million forecast for 1986-87 but m- 

year could reach £13 million forecast for 1986-87 but m- 
Wtth a continuing low tax tends to pay dividends of 

charge of only 18 per cent 3 25 pence 

that would leave earnings per 
share of 16p. 

That amounts to a gi 
yield of4 2 per cent while 

This suggests that the histone pnee-eanungs multi- 
shares are still only trading on pie is about 12 Both are a 
9 times earnings, a multiple good deal better than a lot of 
which looks too low on new issues, making Stanley a 
trading grounds. Though bid worthwhile punt for investors 
speculation has evaporated who prefer the stock market 
slightly since the failure of to the all-or-nothing gambles 
Evered’s bid for McKechme of the horses or the chips. 

“If our nascent and fragile democratic institutions 
are denied a strong economic underpinning they 
will certainly give way to tyranny.”- G.W.H.Relly . 

Abridgement of the annual statement by Mr G. W. H. Kelly, 
Chairman of Anglo American Corporation of South Africa 

Attributable eanungs of the Corporation, excluding retained 
earnings of associates, increased by 35 per cent to R313 million. 
Or 356 cents a share. In the year to March 31 ^ 

mSjion, or 523 cento aahsra These results are primarily the 
outcome of substantial increases in earnings from our 
investments in gold, diamonds, coal, platinum and other 
minerals which, with their strong export bias, more than offset 
the effects of the recession on certain of our industrial interests. 
The total dividend of the Corporation amounted to 180 cents a 
share, an improvement of 33 per cent on the previous year 

would urge the government therefore publicly to commit itself - 
as it did with the pass laws - to the repeal of the Group Areas, 
Separate Amenities. Population Registration and Land Acts 
within a fixed time. Once that goal is in si^bt, negotiations could 
begin on the framework of a new constitution which would 

(ifc v 

v_ ■ 


a ^nos 4T»r„s- K .. TL 

establish and guarantee the righto and freedoms of all people, 
irrespective of colour, according to the principles so admirabb 

ive of colour, according to the principles so admirably 
by the State President earlier this year 


Political developments 

The continuing turmoil in our society has had - as many 
participants intended that it should have - a significant adverse 
effect upon South Africa's fortunes, and we are ail the poorer for 
that. Yet the process of change has continued. The State 
President has kept to his commitment to press ahead with his 
reform programme, notably by repealing the pass laws and 
system of influx control. Repeal removes one of the principal 
pillars of apartheid, demolishes some of the barriers between 
richer urban insiders and poorer rural outsiders. They constitute 
a major step towards the abolition of statutory apartheid and 
the normalisation of our society. 

The latest moves, however, have failed to impress large 

Industrial relations 

It is worth recalling here that when black trades unions 
became free to participate in the collective bar gaining system 
they proceeded to represent their members' interests in what 
by-and -large were democratic structures and in ah increasingly 
mature way. While the process by no means has been easy, the 
experience has shown that disparate groups can come together 
presenting very different proposals, and reach agreements 
acceptable to all parties. In essence, the political negotiations a 

acceptable to all parties. In essence, the political negotiations at 
the centre will require the same goodwill and desirelor 

£ tea a,-V ~~~ ' 

***&» . " ■**5" Cone 


Naturally, all this cannot proceed in an environment clouded 
by the restrictions imposed by a state of emergency. No one 
should doubt, however, that the attempt to replace apartheid, 
with a functioning democracy, supported by an economic system 

ZA-T j .""‘ 

capable of creating wealth on the requisite scale, will be 
extraordinarily difficult, not least because some of those who 
now practise violence for their own political ends will not easily 
be persuaded to foresake violence - indeed their attempts to 
thwart evolutionary change are likely to grow in proportion to 
its success. In no way is this to excuse or condone the measures 
that have been taken: it is simply to point out that it is naive to 
suppose that the building blocks of pie reform process e«n be 
put in place, or be given a fair chance to work without some 
protection against attack from extre m ists on both sides. It must 
be emphasised, however, that such protective measures will 
enjoy widespread support only when full democratic 
opportunities and the rale of law prevail . 

While the will of the South African government and political 
parties will be the major factor in determining the success of this 
transition, the international community can make an important 
contribution to it. We most hope that western nations, in 
particular, will not allow themselves to be pressured into 
adopting punitive measures which would undermine hoth the 
franstional phase and the success ofthe post-apartheid society 
The West as much as South Africa needs to take dw?i«rinng that 
are soundly informed by a strategic vision of their long-term 
consequences. Any action taken now. primarily as an emotional 
response to the gravity of the situation here, is bound to be at 
the expense of freedom and justice in Sooth Africa, for if our 
nascent and fragile democratic institutions are denied a strong 
economic underpinning they will oertainly give way to tyranny 

sections of the black South African community or of 
international opinion. In particular, many black leaders are 
refusing to participate in the interim political structures 
proposed by the government as a means of reaching the 
objective to which President Botha committed the National 
Party in his speech at the opening of Parliament, namely the 
negotiation with black leaders of a new constitution on the basis 
of an undivided Republic of South Africa, a universal franchise 
and one citizenship for alL Their refusal is to be explained partly 
by their bitterness at being excluded from the 1984 constitution, 
which accentuated feedings of suspicion, cynicism and 

impatience. Among the international community, where lack of 
trust and cynicism also prevail, appreciation of what the State 
President has achieved tends to be further inhibited by a 
simplistic view of our problems. 

The over-riding reason, however, for the reluctance of black 

people to participate in the reform process, and of the 
international community to endorse it, is that it fails to take 
account of the now widespread belief that the right of political 
participation has to be extended to all South Africans before 
interim constitutional discussions or negotiations can get under 

interim constitutional discussions or negotiations can get under 
way. This belief, which is supported by the principal institutions 
ofSonth African business, applies as much to the proposed new 
structures of government at the local, regional ana provincial 
level as at the national leveL Whatever improvements are made 
to their form, these structures will stiU have problems in 
establishing their legitimacy, and hence in attracting the 
participation of credible black leaders, until political prisoners 
and proscribed organisations are free to participate in political 

That course carries the risk of a further escalation of violence 
But there is no course open to South Africa which does not 
involve risk The least dangerous, I am convinced, is to confront 
the issue of politically motivated violence by opening up the 
opportunities for direct political action. There is encouraging 
evidence that if this were done, the majority of South Africans 
would wish to take part in the political process on a democratic 
basis, and would favour negotiation rather than violence 

A failure of nerve at this juncture will lead to a calamitous 
situation of political drift, with the economy sliding towards a 
state of siege as the initiative passes to the men of violence and 
the international pressures to change us or isolate us steadily 

1 1 is difficult to avoid the conclusion that the piecemeal 
approach to reform, whatever virtues it may once have "had in 
tenns of electoral expediency, has reached the limit of its 
usefulness. 1 believe that the unbanning of political parties and 
the freeing of political prisoners will not be sufficient to get the . 
constitutional negotiations properly under way, nor to minimise 
the throat of furtner sanctions The' residual elements of - 
apartheid as well must be expunged from the statute book 1 

v ' : - 

S* in- ' 

7ip'i “ 
inCs:V-* ,V!i ' 

^-,. CAPaci T- 

Business community's concern 
The interdependence ot economics and politics in South 
Africa has never been more apparent, nor more unyielding Even 
If we could resume a satisfactory rate of economic growth, it 
would prove short-lived in the absence of political stability, and 
1 fear that the finest constitution in the world would fail unless . 
the new South Africa could offer its citizens improving 
standards of living. The business community has found it 
necessary to concern itself increasingly in matters of public 
polity, to help create conditions in whmh economic ana political 
progress can go hand-in-hand That, surely, js a goal that unites 

&!*&■!» t 

g 1 taY-: - 

: .. c - Vf : 

Anglo American Corporation 
of South Africa Limited 

Fac ~ 

Incoroonttodm the RopabBc of Sooth Mica 
RegWmUan do Ol 0530906 

( opm of the Chairman s Statement are bemg potted to rtgw'irid shareholder* 

Head Office London Office 

44 Morn Street, . ' - “40 Hdlboiii. Viaduct 

Johannesburg London 

Republic of South Africa : ; • ' England 


'u fw-o a»_ .- 



^ Computer Centers is the 
world's largest publicly owned computer 
centre network. Our centres sell IBM, 
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If you, or your corporation, have entrepre- 
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Wishes to appoint dfetributors and agerris in London and Home 
Counties for tne foOowtng new and exerting range of products. 

A Shea-Wood fashion jeweffery- 
B. Garment-trendy casuals 
C Sports Wear and shoes 
D Small leather goods and nylon luggage 
E Bronze and brass wears 
F Stationery products - new items 

For delate and appointment for viewing of sanyte yi te to 

Wright Ideas and Design Concept*, 28 Fishpond Road, 
Tooting Bee, London SW17 710. 


£2,000 plus VAT secures your own Bxrtusrre area. Write enctosaig 
telephons no. to; 

Vacations International 
34 Victoria Road, 

Fuhfood, Preston PR2 4NE 
or telephone 

temporary sewing 


A manufacturer ft* August and September. 
Contact Carol Arthur 
Tel: 01-622 9900 or telex 918741. 

^amnMddock. Ideally situated 2 mjes 
iiS ® 4 Mffi iJcortV 

« lsm 

S^“SuwSni lease ' " 




• still available on . 


■ WANG PC’ 5.; • 


■ ASSISTANT ■ . . 
WAN G-eouipmeni 
at ju^e prices i 



• f i.ViGjr. 

ed In busmen iVMI>* ot any 
Kirns or toe. prtnopaia wnl» to 
K. Kanwu A amcuih. 18 For- 
syltua Drive CvocoxL CJrtttf. 

flap* atatlaMe Minimum truan- 
llty JO tons. Trade enoUrtej 
wdrwd. Tel: Bay Qbl BT? 
13S2 E.\rnsnv> «•» 9SO 6096. 


Vineyard sn UK on Carols. Beds 
border. Fine tewdence ou« 9 4 
acres with 20.000 vines. Win- 
ery. Bottling and Filtration 
Plan!. E*l 1969. Manay mem 
available. Price: EMO.OOO 
FroefKHdS AA" APWb'Bugnem 
Sales. 33 Crown Lane. Chute- 
hursl. Btfl 5P1— Tel. Ol 406 


sate Featuring lhe taiesi lorro of 
equipment. cash tollccuoiia 
only, no Mock, sutl lady genL 
Southron L9.TSO and £3-250- 
Blackpool £9 760 and £6.500 
rtYorM I7a» W Torts 
£IOOOO and £4.000 Manches- 
ter £9.760 and UL500 Reply 10 

BOV B94 

SUNNY PLOMDA. Qualify for US 
residency vw a Misness pur- 
chase irom S7S.000. Giving 

540.000 pa minimum inc ome. 
Business imeunmh from. 

51 0.000 retunanp 18“" divi- 

dend Lonoesi esiabusned 
LK USA resell »emenl compa- 
ny Bnltsh American 

Consultants Ol 4 Oa 6011. 

AULTBTA HOTEL. Wester boss. 
Family hotel, pood turnover. 
Ken*" cos Mi area 8 bedrooms., 
lounges, bars. err. Lxccllenl 
condition Details from Messrs, 
south Forres! MarKuUosh and 
Merchant. Softeners and Estate 
Agents. 0 Arditns Terrace, in- 
rernra. <04091 237171. 

INSTANT fttWtr shop. in*vm- 
den! main road sown Erol 

London. Lntaue oorortunw. 
iratmnq given. Turnover 
£75400- Newly decorated th ■ 
Jng aero mm Price including 
freehold £79.000- RwlY «« 
BOX 864 

CARAVAN PARK Ease* chart. 
,<Sw 3 fi acres- 150 iwiiday 
sialic Hictirr a louring & earner 

riuo a swimming po*> Lgetux- 
uty residence. OHjfisIn reg wt 
of C900.000 Reply BOX 874. 

1 1 tM Ml fill IM STATtONCRS In 

punsunie Town Centre- a «to 
rrV douwe f ranted N«n »■ 
frpfhoid shoe A OuWiftS ' 

T OMflO » + 

C205 000 a.tuo. Tel: Burgess A 
CO 102961 25666 
AU PAN*; BOMBne 1 rmptoy 
tnenl agenrv l« 
esunbsned. 9 o>ng «nr«m oper- 
atina in Bnuw. 

lui-ther afield: great ***» 
dev rtapmenL conlarl BOX B06. 


Lirrnrr. CharmmB 2 ^ ^ ” 
rom modal ion L n uaPPWd. 

Tremendous lea 

Hal. C 33,950 on©. 039284 23B 


«nno of your own. eamprenen- 

<* Martassssr 

products avartabfoHerWanti. 
Canterbury. CT2 upp 

*=. & Staff 


Burford 8 miles. Oidtcnhani 18 
■nles. HoumhmSicJfcaKTnsf 
Mom Gross income for 1986 it 
expected lo exceed C30J300. 6 
Couwoid aonc corap*. owner's 
mate, further bam wlib eonsenl fori 
m 4 bedroom heoso. Garden, 
orchard and sutara. Tfu rotes. 
(Further 3tt acres in sddilirm.) 

£35* A60 rod Asms. Daises 

Apply; Jadmoa-SMps A S6dL 
DNIar Sweet Haro e. Orta cr Mr 
GL7 ZAP. Tel: (9285) 3334 
lliaiai Aprobc Laae Fox A Partttn 
1 WM Bjlawfo 

Tct (8285) 3NI 




NW resort, high yielding 
freehold shop property 
let on a 25 year lease. 
Net income £18,000 per 
annum. 3 year review. 
Offers around £150.000. 
Further details 
Mr. Nicholson 
0539 27378. 


Sotnm ceriacBd at gmo cost. 
n»K ttgoa maitet rtt pnem. 
Com tuny rod pnpatintfs for sals. 

TM w fc — « MU. oi 
025 126 3737 lOnfrSpm. 


FiJJy openbw tmOi * magaona 
Dtte. Nomral capital onty reqund. 
UeaUy sUtaUe foe mow) panon 
from tte adtertsno or pnrttig 

Far farther detais 
to HUB 


On 2 levels. Bloomsbury. 
Fu8y fitted & Stocked. New 
shopping presdnet. 
£12X00 for immediate sale. 

Tel: 01-242 5709 (day) 
01-388 1582 (eves) 


Farmhouse 60 
acres, stunning 
views, planning 
sought Vast poten- 
tial. £30,000. 
Tel: 01-249 6023 



Retail roth many ntatente 
ootUs. ftvefodes. eerttot 
free** property. Ntt turnover, 
good »gfit£ East uplands. 

Reply to BOX B82 

SQUASH CLUS for lease with op- 
tion lo purcfUB©. Four courts, 
snoafccr. 2 ordroomed srtf-ctm- 
Uflinl arrmunodaiton. Dtuus 
phone (06841 296422. 

•OAT YAW (South roasU for 
sal© or Has* option lo buy vat 
peionuai. Freehold £246000. 
Tel: Gosport S2I51 1. 




have own company with 4 
years experience in OB based 
computer systems using OB II 
<M$DOS) and Informix lUntxi I 
can fund all deala. any die but 
lari prof esuonal sale* partnorv 
I ran fund It. supply il unrall d. 
wtiv n. malriUiii l( - Cart you 
Sell l|7 Rrpty to BOX C06. 

pubiicMion of hooka, plays by 
new author. Golden opening. 
Enguinnc o Under Myen. 46 
cyow Street. Manrtieiur refer- 
enre 4TD 

MANE IT BKL 22 page manual 
shows you how lo start your 
own business financing service. 
Ko capital or special education 
required £3 9Smcp*u Order 
uday call 0x 202 9215. 

KS 0UAUFVM8. leisure orietv 
late© business, huge untapped 
potenuai Pnvaie im estor seeks 
partners, wtui 4.40,000 to in 
ten F or dei aih BOX BIO. 

B HP I . Earn money vert- 
ing m rn* word you write. Free 
details. Midas. Dept SB. 24 VK- 
wna Parte Road, st. Leonards. 
Exeter EX2 dvr 


with limited capital, 
exciting alternative 

0705 504644. 

business to business 


BUT ONLY 23 jgt 



Spandex UK Limited is 
[he largest supplier of 
signmaking computers in 
the UK having installed 
over 1000 systems to 

Our computers have lit- 
erally revolutionised the 
sign/display and associ- 
ated industries due to 
their ability to cut letter- 
ing from a wide variety 
of materials such as self- 
adhesive vinyls, 
scroenprint films, etc - at 
the touch of a button. 
Recent product develop- 
ments in consumable 
maters is have given us a 
completely new cus- 
tomer base and we are 
seeking Business Asso- 
ciates to assist us in the 
development of our new 
market opportunities. 
This will include the 
sales of a compact ver- 
sion of our proven 
specialist computers to- 
gether with ongoing 
specialist consumable 

You will receive, without 
investment, full product 
training, promotional lit- 
erature, advertising and 
exhibition back-up. quali- 
fied sales leads and 
other support to be ex- 
pected from a multi- 
million pound turnover 

You should be 28+. with 
a car and telephone, and 
be able to demonstrate a 
good sales record of not 
less than five years in 
speciality equipment 

You will be offered ex- 
clusive territories and 
first years earnings are 
targeted to return 
£30,000+ with no upper 

fn the first instance, 
write for a Business Pack 

Alan Stacey 
Spandex UK Ltd 
BackfieUs House 
Upper Yorit Street 
Bristol BS2 8QQ 


(0272) 425942 


£130 SQ. FT. 

8.000 sq. ft. 

1st Floor Unit in 

Overlooking Harbour 
Includes good Offices and 

Ideal ASwfnbty wort, ugni 
Manufxcturr, etc. 
Available September 

12 Lind Street, 
Ryde, LO.W. 
0983 65181 


stt conpany M taM aUw l owt B 
years neats raasde to extand. 


n excess ol E15 ma- 
lm p/a. Spac afa mg in the sale 
ot omdaBy toenstt j rend fe© 
stats and nhttd products 
throu gh an es ahte hai As tnbu- 
tm netMBh to record and 
dotting stms. and by duel 
sales at Rock Concerts through- 
art Empe. 

W b are yMag to “Mt-a" o Ab 
a fastaon drtortQ compsiy or 
groigi adb vrtuno production c>- 
paaty of Sparts/laofBMV 
camg to premolB Dan name in 
Has lucrattw wata. 

InftrBSttd? Contact the adver- 
tiser Box Manner F32. 





TEL (01)”;^ 


I can hefc you fiid (ha right people 
In Asu lor team*, trade, 
agrtculture. engmeamg and eneigy 
rotated protects. 

JsBan Lacfcett 
Scatts Farm, 

■ Bntteo. Westerr, 
■StsUne H13 4M> 
Telex 444337 ACTBOS E 


aid advertising company 
Operating on South Goast on 
an International basis seeks 
working director prepared to 
invest capital and assist with 
some exerting new projects. 

Please Reply to BOX B42. 




la the Home Counties. 
Broome vronto your money! 
We want your young ra* 
Latent & will give financial 
backing to run your own 
buineaa ft branch office 
within our fabric service 
group. If you are aged 2S+, 
can handle young sales ft 
service personnel ring Bob 
Timms 01-390 2544. 



Anrtund based Duwiwwnan 
Uiriln business povstwiui** for 
lire, pwandin markrt Reoty 
to: Hobbs, room itt. Chelsea 
Ctmsicrs. London SWJ SOW. 


10.75% INTEREST 

Commercial Properties, 
Hotels, Nursing and Rest 
Homes, Residential. 

Pffitoh Keynes 

(0908) 368071 

Raymond Brett & Co. 

utT mgs Tf w c e imw e as hwp- 

OMTIOtL S50 - £100000 

Inimurmu *■ partner in a 
unuiur lax free car market 
based m Wc*i Owtutf dealing 
wlifi trie BrflKn form. Prefer 
arurr partner wnb Lnowiedoe 
of lire used car market, suenl 
pariner a posstnUlty. Rmg Mon- 
day - StfortJav Trt. 01049 
0291 96713 iworkno houm 


Shell shows the way, says BIC 

A new attempt to tackle the equity gap 
for small businesses in search of only 
modest backing is being mounted by 
Business in the Community (BIC) but 
with a special emphasis on helping the 
especially small business. These are the 
ones needing only a few thousand 

BIC. which is the umbrella organiza- 
tion for local enterprise agencies, called 
this week for large companies to set up 
enterprise loan funds 10 help new 
entrepreneurs on the lines of that 
launched in May by Shell UK. the oil 
company. Shell in a £500.000 scheme, is 
staking six local enterprise agencies to to 
make loans of up to £5,000 for small 
businesses, especially those involving 
young people. 

By Derek Harris 

Sir Raymond Potter, the former 
chairman of the Halifax Building Society 
who has chaired a BIC working party on 
support for small businesses, believes the 
Shell scheme should prove successful 
He argues that it should be more widely 
copied and backed by complementary 
local authority schemes. That, he added, 
“would go a long way towards dosing, 
effectively and efficiently, the funding 

A BIC survey showed that for most of 
those going to enterprise agencies for 
help, their greatest difficulty was in 
finding especially small amounts of 
capita] of £2.000 or less. 

The working party came up with a 
number of action ideas. There will be 
discussions with credit unions on pro- 
viding loans as an extension of their 
largely persona! expenditure lending to 
ethnic minorities. 

The banks are also id be pressed to use 
the Government's Loan Guarantee 
Scheme for loans of less than £5.000. 
Enterprise agencies have offered to help 
with monitoring so as to reduce banks' 
otherwise onerous administration cost 
for such small loans. 

BIC is also looking to local authorities 
to help with small loan initiatives as well 
as changes to the Business Expansion 
Scheme to make it easier for localised 
BES syndicates to be established by 
enterprise agencies. 

Pinball wizards 
hit the jackpot 

By Roger Pearson 

As young men. Jim Crompton and his 
late brother Alf bought an old, broken 
down pin table for five shillings. While 
working in the kitchen at the rear of their 
mother's London fish and chip shop in 
Acton they stripped it down and restored 
it to working order, and found a 
customer lo buy it for £1. 

That low key entry into the world of 
amusement trade provided the founda- 
tion for a business which today, many 
years later on, has established the 
Crompton name on a world wide basis. 
For the past 30 years the Crompton 
family have played a major role in 
shaping the International amusement 
machine manufacturing industry by 
providing a string of best selling 

After further involvement dealing in 
amusement equipment following then- 
first foray into the trade, the brothers 
prioneered what is one now one of the 
most popular types of amusement arcade 
equipment on the market today — the 
'pusher'. These are machines in which 
coins put in by players build up on a 
moving play deck. Eventually, as players 
continue to feed the machine, some 
coins are pushed into pay out boxes as 

Jim Crompton (right) with his son Gordon and their award 
winning maehin ^ t rnmwlik© < 

Over die past quarter of a century 
customers in countries from America to 
Japan and all over the UK, have 
provided a constant demand for Cromp- 
ton ‘pushers'. Some 25,000 have been 
sold in all ranging from single player 
machines to one giant which offered 20 
play positions. 

It is close to impossible to enter any of 
the UK's 2.000 or so amusement arcades 
and not find a Crompton machine. They 
have a reputation for lasting and some 20 
year old machines are still in daily 

Today the business is run by Jim 
Crompton and his son Gordon — Alf 
Crompton died 20 years ago — and is 
based at two factories at Ramsgate, Kent 
Between them they offer 1 5,000 square 
feet of production and administrative 

floor space and provide work for a staff 
of 40. 

The company, which currently has 
five different models on the production 
line, one of them a British Amusement 
Catering Trades Association exhibition 
award winner, exports to at least 25 
different countries of which Japan and 
the US are the major sales sources. 
Around 75 per cent of sales today are to 
overseas customers. 

The company turnover at present is 
about £1.5 million. With diversification 
in the form of new style machines in 
development in the company’s design 
and work shop, plus an assembly under 
licence deal with a Belgian amusement 
machine company, Crompton sales and 
turnover graph shows a constant up- 
wards swing. 


■ The Union of Independent 
Companies, whose national president is 
the assiduous Bill Poeton, at Its 
national council meeting this week 
decided to amend its rules so it can 
more directly lobby directorates of the 
EEC. This reflects the UIC belief that 
smaller businesses could gain a lot from 
the activities of the EEC, notably its 
competition directorate. 

But Barry Baldwin, UlC’s national 
chairman, made another appeal for the - 
Government to bring in legislation to 
protect small businesses from big 
corporate predators. He said.- “Some 
substantial corporate groups are getting 
fatter but not fitter, competition policy 
is in a shambles and we have to look to 
the EEC for powerful legislative 

It has also floated the idea of a net 
worth investment scheme which would 
value an investor's shares in a smaller 
business according to the net worth of the 
business. For the borrower it should 
mean cheap cash at the start while the 
investor would gain as foe net worth of 
tiie business grew, UIC says. 

■ The Advisory Committee on 
Telecommunications for Small 
Businesses (BACT) has published foe 
first of a series of small booklets to help 
those who run small businesses to 
become more familiar with foe liberalized 
communications market 
The free pamphlet — Does your 
Business Need a New Telephone System 
— assesses foe benefits of new types 
of apparatus and services 

• Contact for copies: The Office of 
Telecommunications, Atlantic House, - 
Hofbom Viaduct, London EC1N 2HQ. 


’Once 1 lost clients because 
they went broke — now it's 
because they grow too bigT 



Short term finance. 
£250k for construction 
ol detached housing on 
prime S.E. site. 

No problems - building 
in progress. 

Land at £320k as mini- 
mum security. 

Contact Company 
BOX B69 

UK oppomrnitw fn 
Amtrctan Imrtor Contact i 
Un be capital 01-457 6900 




Ara cracfitors hounding you? 
Aie suppers insisting on 
proforma or CWO? 

Are taMfe a&out to tow the 

Are ttw banks Insisting you 
sign more personal 

H mo answer is yes to any of 
these queshons you need 
our help. K we cannot help 
you saw your company we 
can advoe you on fiquxla- 
tion. Contact us today. 
Ross Water & Associates, 
Freepost Loxfey, Warwick. 



D&lhisiOBed Brokers 

Where does your 

commission so? 

A desk arof • tefcphose 

Is coating you more than 

you brink. 

We. is a national agency 
spacutoe m the beck-up admin- 

Btranon for ooenenceo Ue and 

person n®rmetfanes lor a lo* 

fW rata. 


0525 60523 



Organsng the deals of your 
tarns projects and socat 
everas. WP receotrai. logistic 
anangemenc. staff reenrtmeffi. 

Dead hunting, ctfarmg and 

courier sennce_ 
tag us to disass yox spent 

Yner Ma Oa Tta Onnsd 
Apnaaal nuthilMitri unto 

Tel: 01-727 4443 




. Also full range of 
professional counter 
equipment M.T. 
Limited, PO Box 133, 
St Peter Port 

Tel: 0481-53316 
UK agent 

David Chamberlain 


Bunmgion ptamr. irtn and for 

warding wnfce*. 01 4&4 2600 



Trading problems, banks and 
creditors pressing? AU can be 
solved in a very confidential 

We also specaSse n debt 

051 931 4799 

+ W2 

Low premium 24hr 
access + narking. Fum 
carpeted offices incl 
» phone/lelex/fax. Fr 

" £75pw. 

01-839 4808 



If you need last, efficient 
secretarial befo. inhouse or 
on a contacted basis. 

Then call m on 

01-602 9337/3 


KoDiisnmq wmsunaacy 

Teh (07986 461 
for detaBs 

NR1EX - IPtex and ctectrmuc 
mail. Your portrx personal 
desk top Irteit machine comes 
with free membership of BRIT- 
complete and ready for use - the 
cost IS £699 + VAT. Call us 
now on 01 S32 6060 BCS. 
umlird. South Bank Howe. 
Black Princo Road. Louoon SEI 



Exceptional offer. Hi. res. 
screen with twin 5% floppy 
drives £295 + VAT. With 
| 10 Mb Winchester £495 + 

1 VAT. Matmos Limited 

I 0444 414484/454377. 

July offer only 


20mgb. 640X Rom 
Mood vdu. KeytxanJ 
£1899 + VAT 
Ring: 263-6312 Now! 

I — Olivetti — 

LOW INTERESTS from 10.75». 

imp term Raymond Brrtl A 

Co. wr Loaia A imewmont*. 



Franchisor who has recanlly 
l a nariw d into the A m e rica n mail 

investor to participate in a print 
venture to crate a sound bese prior 
to North American expansion in 1987. 
There is a potential for 800-1000 
outlets USA wide, with substantia] 
ongoing royalty and property revenue. 

The business sells up-market, high 
quality products and services with a 
wide age and socio-economic appeoL 
In order to maximise this opportunity, 
the company is seeking a British 

Interested parties should write for further details to: 
BOX F43 

Capital investment will be in the 
region of £350/500.000. 



Specialists in providing 
small business computing 
solutions for retail, ser- 
vice, manufacturing and 
engineering companies. 

Analysis, design and im- 
plementation. A 
professional service at a 
realistic price. 

(0276) 684063 


640fc lam/duaf DODS Floppy 
ckwa Pnmef port. 12 mch mono 
monitor. MSDOS and GW ba- 
se - BBSS exd VAT with 20 MB 
Winchester Du* drive - £1049 
exd VAT. 

Please phone Joe 
01-637 192S 
Ecieo UK 





Newly completed 
restaurant premises in 
this prime central 
location, close sea, 
shops and offices. 
Approximately 3 J)00 
sq ft plus office. 21 
year lease, reviewed 
every 3 years 
commencing at 
£18,000 per annum, 
no premium. 

Please telephone 

0273 725857 


fiadr I feted iuifim ritf Ijv re- 
taboo of ctwpany mi O&ce or 
London OKI spl once Sdu&dtt 
ThalclBm. Berkshre. Uodemeed and 
extended lo a «ey hgh standaid. 
Satie office space d appts 10750 
so it on 3 Score. Ground floor 9 ol- 
bees. 1st Dm ID oflns. 2nd Ron 8 
Dftces. teq* » parting Sfcrtoij 
truflwg lor tetepnooa cades, com- 
nutet S ebrt mg. ay extras 
Puce gude £l4m 
For non M>8s Wep tee 
took 4 Ct Estate ~ 

(0635) 48884 or 

ln ECClra, Mandmlrr M on low 
initial rent ol £ 2.080 pa on long 
FHI Iw with 3 yearly rail rr 
r lew. Minimum rent of £2.600 
N uimdaicd in Ira* from May 
19B8. and minimum rail of 
C&290 m si IpuMed in lease 
irom May 1991 Price £16.600 
F H STC initial jMd 12 60*.: 
1676 - in May '89 and l96H'n 
■it May '91 Lwrilml growth 
assured. Arnold + Co 373 war- 
wirtf Rd. SoimuU. 051 704 



Comm/res properties 

Ceatry Estates United 
4 Bvrard Street 

(0534) 77128 

SH0P/RE5I upper al Smafowtck 
Birmingham l > record muuc 
shop. Lai on tons FRI tow Irom 
Junr 1986 al £3.120 PA ghtng 
12 ®n Initial yield. Cuaranieed 
minimum rent In June 1988 
JU.900 PA IP retted lS°o ywfo- 
and C4.S76 guaranteed mini 
mum rental In June 1991 to 
show 18 75". yield. Price 
£26.000 STC. Arnold & Co . 
J73. Wanrfc Road. Sounulk. 
B91 1BQ 021 704 362a 

lock up garage imstmenl m 
Rugby producing £1.924 pa m- 
rlirav* ol rale*. Price £9.950 
STC. western Properly Ser- 
> ices. B. Red land Green Road. 
Bristol. BG6 7HE. (OC72J 

building in Cies eland Si. 1.850 
sq. II P Plor lurtner 670 sq. II. 
Flat, light industry, studio, dark 
room Vac. possesaon. Circa 
£370.000 Tei. 0707 42238 



Not a franchise. No advance 
stock requirements, Pall 
training, backup and litera- 

Become a member of the foet- 
est growth market in Britain 
today - Cellular car tele- 
phones. We want people who 
cm sen: The beat package m 
the iodueuyi 

Contact us 
Monday to Friday 

The London Car 
Phone Company 

on Ipswich (0473) 221815 



Jogging suits. T-shirts, sweat 
shuts, team, trainers, shim, lei- 
surewear. knitwear, mall order 
ilems os range. Send stock 
and ortre lists to LK KontakL 
Hanover Home. High Street. 
Bras'. Berks. SL6 ZAA. Trt 
0628 71882. 

£ 200400 AVAILABLE Wr to- 
quire redundant surplus slocks 
ol loitelrm. perfumes, rosmn 
n nr Otnrk decretals Plus 
payment on rcUenion. Can 
Famous Brands Ltd 05i3 
544970 W 544820 i»4 hrsi. 


parts juiv isth id intrude van- 
ous makes. Bedford. MG. 
Triumph. Brakes. Son OS. en- 
gines gear cages eir Hr. Details 
iD299i 251511 

DtSCOMTMUED and redundant 
or otrrsiorhs wanted, immedi- 
ate payment Anything 
considered. >07521 481048. 


Ex mail order stocks of 
returned goods tnduding 
clothing. furniture, 
hard-ware, household, 
toys etc. Offered at huge 

Tel: 0244 549444 



Mod and itnodudlant 
FBdesdri desks. Ftetnexs 

Writing tab 

sand Desk 

Davenports and 

Write (br details or 
Pbsonal Cal ten Welcome 


20 Church StrertUwfon HWB 
TUephopf Q1-72J 7076 

8 montns 
old and mile use caao + VAT 
■ new price El .296 + VAT) 3m 
maintenance coni ran avallaoie. 
Trt. 104241 440414. 



i min order 1 easel Smelly llmll- 
ed quantity. £9.95 per bailie * 
\ AT insignia personalised 
products 061 709 4910. 


ants elr. For your company's 
requirements telephone 01 BOO 
0332 4041. 


Oetavian Group Lid. 
Companies Art 1986 
Sections 171 and 17S. 
Noure ts hereto- qnen pursuant to 
scrum 176 Hi of the Companies 
Ad 19BS that the above named 
Company rilw Company") by 
Special ttesotuikms passed on our 
July 1986 approve a payment out 
ot capital In Die sum of £387.837 
being Ihr permiuabte c&pllal pay 
room wlinin the meaning of 
icrtion 171 6( the &«ul Act (or toe 
purpose of arnulrtng lu own 
shares by purthaso. The statutory 

Declaration or the Directors and 

too auditor* report rea cured by 
wrtnn 173 of lire ukf Art are 
*» auahte for impertion at lhe re* 
niered oflice ot lhe Company al 
84 Fenrhurcn Siren London. 
EC3M 4BV Any Creditor of lhe 
Company may al any ume within 
lh e ■•wls immediately (mowing 
lhe Itetoiulion lor payment oui ot 
ramtal apply to lhe Court under 
ration 176 oi Um said Ad (or an 
Order pionibuing lhe payment 
out of capital 
P. Danes. Secretary. 

Re Reality plbushinclhT 
ITED. By order of ihr luoh Court 
dated lhe 1 Jlh February 1986 

Brighton Rood. South Croydon 

has been appointed Liquidator ot 

Uu> abowMumed company wiin- 

out a rommiltee of imuerUan. 

Dated 7Ul July 1986. 





July 11, 1986 

i ei* *: — r*- ■ 

then the 


a pan is a country which 
prizes conformity 
; I among ordinary mor- 
ials. Its politicians it 
* likes to be more indi- 
vidual. And in Mr Yasuhiro 
Qakasone it seems to have 
found an individual perform- 
er par excellence. 

% He is a new phenomenon in 
Japanese politics: an image 
politician who knows how to 
exploit his strengths and who. 
for the moment, seems im- 
mune from the effects of his 

" His leadership ofthe Liberal 
Democratic Party (LDP) to an 
Overwhelming majority in the 
general elections this week 
Ufos a remarkable triumph for 
a- Prime Minister whose do- 
mestic political record has 
teen less happy than that in 
foreign affairs. 

r The appearance of the so- 
callcd “new leaders” cam- 
paigning hard to improve 
their chances of succeeding 
Mr Nakasone undoubtedly 

Scepticism about 
* the PM’s claims 

fielped the party overall. But 
;he election was largely a 
referendum on the conduct of 
(he LDP and oF its leader over 
the period since he became 
Rrime Minister in 1982. 

« Even if the ruling party had 
Sot wished it thus, the opposi- 
tion parties, and particularly 
for Masashi Ishibashi of the 
Socialist Party, made Mr 
Nakasone an election issue by 
&nsiant references to the way 
the elections were called and 
Sis disbelief of Mr Nakasone's 
CJaims that he would not 
increase taxes after the 


- Less than a week before the 
double elections were an- 

junced it looked as though 
Ir Nakasone would not only 

have to give up what turned 
out to be an inspired idea but 
could not expea to extend his 
term of office as Prime Minis- 
ter beyond October. Even as 
the campaign began, the oppo- 
sition were calling hint a liar 
for having engineered the 
double poll while giving the 
impression he had no such 
intention. The charges of du- 
plicity seemed to be finding 
their mark on a politician who 
already had a reputation as a 

His consistently high stand- 
ing with the public allowed 
him to get away with a lot that 
his rivals could not. but no 
one predicted the scale of the 
party's electoral triumph. 

In any Western democracy 
Mr Nakasone would now be 
assured of another term as 
Prime Minister, with a grate- 
ful party willing to give him 
almost anything he asked. But 
Japanese politics is not that 
simple and the election has. if 
anything, strengthened the po- 
sition of at least one of his 
rivals for the prime 

The election brought back 
into the fold many LDP 
members who failed at the last 
election, many who owe their 
support to the Tanaka faction. 
Though Mr Kakuei Tanaka 
played no immediate role in 
the election after his stroke 
last year, his faction, money 
and influence are still the most 
formidable in the party. The 
Tanaka faction added another 
20 members, most of whom 
will be supporting Mr Noboru 
Takeshita, the finance minis- 
ter. to take over the prime 

Mr Nakasone's own faction 
increased from 49 to 60 but 
though Mr Tanaka was his 
original patron in acquiring 
the LDP leadership, he cannot 
count on much support from 
that quarter now, unless there 

This year is turning o»t to be a 
watershed for the Japanese 
economy. In the tost few 
months there has been a 
growing realization that ndi: 
cal changes have to take place 
if it is to continue on the path 
of rapid expansion. 

The phenomenal success of 
export-led growth was good 
while it lasted. But. faced with 
the threat of a bride wan of 
American protectionism, Ja- 
pan has started to change. 

In ApriL the special com- 
mission on the economy ap- 
pointed - by Yasuhiro 
Nakasonejhe Prime Minister, 
produced its report - The 
group, under the chairman- 
ship of Haruo Maekawa, for- 

promotion of a more effident 
distribution system within Ja- 
pan and stricter penalties 
against companies unfairly. 

keeping out imports. ; 

The Maefcawa rei 

The Maefcawa report was 
followed 1 the next day by what 
has become a familiar feature 
in Japan during the last two 
-years — economic pack ag es 
which simultaneously provide 
a small boost to the economy, 
and launch some , new pirn 
gramme fo encourage imports. 

However, because Mr 
Nakasone. and Nobora 
Takeshita. his finance miais- 
ter, are .constrained by the. 
target of reducing reliance on 
so-called deficit-financing 
bonds by 1990, the boosts to 

mer governor of the Bank of ■ the economy have been snnriL 

Victory smile: Yashuhiro Nakasone dots the eye of a lucky daruma doll after his party’s biggest-ever election win. 
The Libera] Democrats took 304 of 512 seats in the Lower House and 74 of 126 in the Upper House 

is an overwhelming ground- 
swell in the party for his 
continuance in office. 

If he is to stay, he must 
enlist support from the other 
leading factions within the 
party. These are led by two 
former Prime Ministers. Mr 
~Zcnko Suzuki and Mr Takeo 
Fukuda. and Mr Toshio 

Mr Suzuki and Mr Fukuda 
can muster 59 and S6 support- 
ers respectively. Both have 
their own factional candidates 
for the premiership and nei- 
ther has any great love for Mr 

Will they throw their sup- 
port behind Mr Nakasone for 
an extension of his term or a 
change in the party rules to 
allow him a third term ? 

Mr Suzuki would like to see 
his proiSgS. the former foreign 
minister. Mr Kiichi 
Miyazawa. as Prime Minister 
and Mr Fukuda has his money 
on the present foreign minis- 
ter. Mr Shintaro Abe. In order 
for Mr Nakasone to win an 
extension or a third term, 
significant support must come 

from the Suzuki and Fukuda 

If there is a third term for 
Mr will signal 
what the public response to 
him is already indicating: that 
the Japanese public at least is 

A public wish for 
more of the same 

happy with a forceful, decisive 
leader who will reflect the 
country's standing in the 
world. The record show? that 
a strong Japanese leader is 
usually followed by a weaker, 
less decisive one but when the 
public went to the polls they 
knew that the Nakasone era 
could last only until October 
according to the present rules, 
and therefore the resounding 
vote of support for Mr 
Nakasone seems to indicate 
that the public at large wants 
more of the same. 

Whether the bureaucracy 
and the rest of the party sees it 
the same way is another 

Mr Nakasone is the sort of 
Japanese leader with whom 

The future of design is at a crucial 
point today. As we prepare tor the 21st 
centuy. we must clarify the role of design 
in modem society. This e toe challenge 
of the 3rd Internationa] Design Competition. 

The theme tor the 3rd competition is 
"water", the life-giving liquid which makes 
up more than 7D% of toe Earth’s surfaca 
We invite new design approaches and 
fresh insights into this vital fluid as it 
relates to you and your community, culture 
and environment. 

Theme: tyj’Water" EBglbifity: 

Designers, engineers, students, etc. in ev* 
Subject Category. ery field throughout the world may partio- 

Every category of design will be consid- ipate in the competition individually or as 
ered. Any daring design concept welcome, members of a team. 





October 31, 1888 
Closing date tor registration 
January 10, 1987 

Closing date for entries tor prefinranary 
February 1987 
ftefoninary judging 
June 15, 1987 

Closing date for entries for final judging 
July 1987 
Final judging 
October 1987 

Citation Ceremony & Exhibition 

3rd International Design Competition, Osaka 


Grand Prize: Piroe ftfirfeter’s Prize 


ULTi Prize ¥1,000000. 

Japan Design Foundation’s Prize 


OsaKa Prefecture Governor’s Prize 

¥ 1 , 000000 . 

Osaka City Mayor's Prize ¥1,000000 

Some Honorable Mentions 

2 from Japan and 3 from overseas. 


Enquiry and Registration: 

Registration is required tor pa rticipation in 
the competition. 

For further information, please apply to toe 


Japan Design Foundation 

Semba Center Building No.4 Kigsshi-ku, Osaka 541 JAPAN Tel: +0 6 271-521 
Facsimile +81 6 271-5213 Cable: DE9GNF0UND OSAKA 

TOs intension^ Desgn Cnvetdon a conducted «« tm rtroensm of tcOGRADA, CSD and ffl 

foreign nations feel they can 
deal: he tells them what they 
want to hear and gives every 
impression of being deter- 
mined to carry out his prom- 
ises. But it is precisely his 
predeliction for making prom- 
ises over the heads of the 
bureaucracy and even mem- 
bers of his own parly which 
makes him less popular with 
some at home. 

Because of this. Mr 
Nakasone has built up a fund 
of- resentment against him in 
certain quarters, resentment 
that may now make his path to 
an extension or a third term 
difficult, if not impossible. For 
many people's taste Mr 
Nakasone is already too sure 
of himself, already too prompt 
to claim a party success as his 
own. If he wants a third term 
he must tread carefully. 

Mr Nakasone's appeal to 
the public from the campaign 
trail that he be allowed to 
finish his programme of re- 
form will probably provide 
the avenue for the continua- 
tion of his tenure. This au- 
tumn the Diet (parliament) 
must tackle its most complex 

piece of legislation for some 
time: a bill to provide for the 
privatization of the Japanese 
National Railways. 

This is likely to be a 
contentious piece of lawmak- 
ing which most probably will 
last until at least October, 
when Mr Nakasone’s term of 
office as party president ex- 
pires. If the party finds itself in 
the middle of bargaining on 
this issue it would not be a 
propitious time to be diverted 
into a search for a new leader 
of the party, especially if there 
is no paramountly obvious 

In that case there will be a 
strong argument for the exten- 
sion of Mr Nakasone's term at 
least until-the end of the year 
and most probably beyond 
that By that time the need For 
ihe LDP to increase taxes may 
become so pressing that the 
other contenders may be only’ 
too happy to leave such a 
distasteful task to a man who 
seems to be able to dose the 
electorate with strong medi- 
cine and get away with iL 

David Watts 

Japan, called for the introduc- 
tion of some western bod 
habits in Japan, including 
shorter working horns and 
longer holidays, to increase 
spending on leisure. 

This was part of what the 
commission described as the 
need for “a historical transfor- 
mation in traditional policies 
on economic management and 
the nation’s lifestyle-'That 
transformation has as its main 
goal the redaction of the 
enormous current surplus, es- 
timated by. the Organization 
for Economic - — — 

The drop in world oil prices, 
while on die (ace of ' it a 
straightforward boon', for Ja- 
pan, has not been generally 
we Ico me d-^k ha s add^i tofog 

trade surplus amt in the 
of some local experts, threat- 
ens to reverse the process of 
reducing reliance on mqmried 
oiL !■' i 

The pro gr amme >f produc- 
ing a' gradual shot in the 
economy away frbm expbrt 
reliance has, to a great exttrifc 
been usurped by ^the^yenfa 
- — i — sharp rise 

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Co-operation New measures to sinc *. 

and Develop- * j "‘. j year. The yen*: 

ment to reach StlDlUl^tfi QfifilflllQ dollar, ex- 

a record $765 11 "■ ■ 

billion (about £51 billion) this 
year, compared with $49 bil- 
lion in 1985. 

The commission, recom- 
mended a series of measures to 
stimulate domestic demand, 
including tax incentives for. 
house-bonding and oon-resi- 
dential property constroction; 
reforming the system of tax 
-relief on small savings, the 
maruyn, which helps produce 
a high ratio of saving to 
income in Japan; and boosting 
public spending on the 

And, to ensure that a signifi- 
cant proportion of this extra 
domestic demand goes into 
imports, die commission pro- 
posed positive discrimination 
in tbeir favour, including die 

■ « «■ _ change: ramv 

250 last year, has fallen as low 
as 160 daring the past few 
weeks, an appreciation of more 
than 55 per cent 
The pain has been consider- 
able, particularly for. small 
and mediimhsiz ed companies 
which, unlike tbeir" bigger 
brothers, - cannot easily absorb 
a plunge in export orders and 
profitability. 'At~ the end of 
May the government an- 
nounced special assistance for 
small and medium-sized ex- 
port businesses. - ' 

The difficulty is that the 
drop in exports, in both rot 
nine and yen terms, is: not 
coming through In die trade 
figures. Because Japan's trade 
is denominated, both in prao 
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A yen for freedom in Tokyo 

TJe cfrjve to open Japan to the 
JXKS* wor!d has not b^n 

wSS^fi? Ihe markel for 

western consumer products. 
Moves to liberalize the Japa- 
S^i^ nc, a 1 system ha\e 
for a number 

In parallel with this, a policy 

2L!! l ? n ? I0naHziri 8 ^ cur- 
rent has been pursued io give 

the yen a place in the interna- 
tional monetary system com- 
mensurate with Japan's 
tmponance, both as an eco- 
nomic power and the world's 
bifflest capital exporter. 

As with many things Japa- 
nese, the pace of liberalization 
and internationalization has 
looted, at least to outsiders, 
painfully slow. But, as on 
trade issues, Japan has had to 
•earn to respond to pressure 
tram overseas. 

Already this year the Minis- 
ny of Finance has broken the 
deadlock in a long-running 
dispute with the Bank of 
England over securities li- 
cences. Three British mer- 
chant banks, S G Waibure. J 
Henry Schroder Wagg and 
ICleinwort Benson, have been 
given securities licences in 

. More importantly, the min- 
istry has opened the way for 
subsidiaries of the clearing 
banks to operate in the huge 
Tokyo securities market The 
pioneering operation is that of 
County Bank, a subsidiary of 
National Westminster. To 
comply with ministry regula- 
tions that no more than 50 per 
cent of a securities subsidiary 
is owned by a bank. National 
Westminster has entered into 
partnership with the Swire 
Group and BP. 

But opening up Japan's 
financial system has meant 
more than simply adopting 
reciprocal arrangements with 
other countries. 

In 1970 there was just one 
issue of yen-denominated for- 
eign bonds. Currently, such 
issues average 1J00 billion 
yen (£4.7 billion) a vear. 

The Ministry of Finance has 
been discussing with Japanese 
corporations this year the 
issue in Tokyo of bonds 

1 '.Wk . 


■ ^#i, .. . 

,Vo, :,v. ' 


v,' • 

Money dealer in Tokyo foreign exchange: The dollar's 
decline has not deterred investors 
denominated in foreign cur- sons for this. The first is that 
rencies. This would tap an Japanese investors are still 
already sizeable market for wary of foreign equities, hold- 

dollar-denominated bonds 
among domestic investors in 

The accumulation of a huge 
current account has had its 

ing only a tiny proportion of 
their foreign portfolios in 
them. So, bond markets, and 
particularly the US market, 
emerge, almost by default, as a 

counterpart in the build-up of suitable outlet. Second, the 
overseas assets.Last year pressure on Japanese financial 

Japan's net overseas assets 
rose by 74 per cent to $129.8 
billion, making it the world's 
greatest creditor nation. Gross 
external assets were $437.7 

institutions to perform well in 
the short term is less than that 
on their Western counterparts. 

Since early this year six 
foreign securities firms — 

billion, with about a third of Jardine Fleming, Goldman 
them in the form of stock and Sachs, Merrill Lynch, 

bond holdings in the US- 
The appetite of Japanese 
investors for US bonds has 
hardly been affected by the 
dollar's decline against the 
yen. There are two main rea- 

Warburg/Rowe & 

Pitman/Akroyd, Vickers da 
Costa and Morgan Stanley — 
have had seats on the Tokyo 
Stock Exchange. 

A Tokyo presence, essential 

to fulfil the concept of 24-hour 
trading between London. New 
York and the Far Eastern 
markets, is, for most of the 
foreign participants, not yet a 
profitable venture. 

Nor is it easy to find 
alternative sources of profit. 
Corporate finance has so far 
proved a tough nut to crack 
lor foreign firms. In some 
areas where foreigners un- 
doubtedly have the lead in 
expertise, such as options and 
futures, the authorities have 
ensured that the pace of 
development in Tokyo is slow 
enough io allow the domestic 
firms to catch up. 

Foreign securities firms 
handle a tiny proportion, av- 
eraging 1-2 per cent of market 
turnover in Tokyo. Jardine 
Fleming is the markel leader 
in equities, while the Ameri- 
can houses have the best of a 
small foreign markel share in 

The presence of foreign 
securities firms in Tokyo, and 
its counterpart, Japanese oper- 
ations in New York. London 
and other centres, will speed 
the process of convergence 
between different financial 
systems. The number of for- 
eign firms listed on the Tokyo 
Stock Exchange, although 
only 30. is growing at between 
10 and 20 a year. 

This itself brings pressure to 
bear for aligning the Japanese 
market with those in other 

Encouraging the develop- 
ment of the yen as a reserve 
currency is proving more 
difficuItJapan is the world's 
second largest economy, ex- 
cluding the Soviet Union, but 
the yen's role remains a 
relatively minor one. Only S 
per cent of the currency 
reserves held in central banks 
around the world are in yen. 

The problem has arisen 
because Japan's financial de- 
velopment has lagged well 
behind its economic progress 
and, moreover, its domestic 
market in financial services 
has traditionally been even 
better protected than the mar- 
ket for goods. g 

Hi-tech is natural order of things 

Technological innovation 
usual jy depends as much upon 
individual inventive genius as 
it does upon the willingness of 
a wider public to adopt its 
fruits. While Japan has vet to 
make a name for itself con- 
cerning the former require- 
ment ihe natioh is favourably - 
.disposed in its public attitudes 
to new technologies. 

This positive attitude to- 
wards the future is reflected in 
the country’s increasing 
strength in key international 
sectors such as semiconduc- 
tors and fibre-optics. Also in 
its readiness to use technol- 
ogies that are controversial in 
their social impact — includ- 
ing robotics and nuclear pow- 
er generation — and the 
boldness of the research iniua- . 
fives it has mapped out for the 
remaining years of this 

The origins of Japan's ready 
acceptance of innovation 
probably lie in the nation's 
philosophical and religious 
traditions. These favour pragr 

matism and an acceptance of 
the transitory. 

Change, including techno- 
logical advance, is seen as the 
natural order of things in 
Japan, and the intensively 
competitive nature of the 
society further adds to the 
resulting dynamism. — -- - 

The telephone card offers a 
simple example of the differ- 
ent reception which awaits a 
new technology in Japan, 
compared to that m Britain. 
Britain was the first nation to 
introduce the phone “credit 
card". Several years on, how- 
ever. the cards are still in 
limited use, converted booths 
are scarce and one has to 
search even harder for card- 
saJes outlets. 

In Japan the story was quite 
different within two years of 
introducing phone cards, they 
were in widespread use, 
booths and card machines 
easy to find and - especially 
characteristic - a huge new 
industry has blossomed 
around the printing on the 

cards of advertisements and 

One might have expected 
the Japanese, with their war- 
time experience of atomic 
bombings and consequent 
“nuclear allergy”, to draw the 
line at nuclear-power technol- 
ogies, and because of the 
nation's high susceptibility to 

On the contrary, the recent 
Chernobyl disaster caused 
barely a ripple of dissent and, 
with 33 nuclear power plants 
in operation, Japan now ranks 
fiffh in the world as a nuclear 
power operator. Nuclear facil- 
ities already provide 13.9 per 
cent of its overall electricity 
generation requirements, a fig- 
ure scheduled to grow to 19 
per cent by 1990. 

However, in regard to its 
celebrated **5th Generation 
Computer” project, there are 
signs that Japan's Utopian 
portrayals of technological 'de- 
velopment will backfire. This 
aims to produce by 1992 a 
machine capable of handling 

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inference as the basic unit of 
operation — in contrast to 
conventional computers 
which rely on arithmetic 

At its inception in 1982 the 
boldness of this initiative 
attracted worldwide attention. 

The project has recorded 
undeniable achievements, but 
scepticism is growing among 
foreign observers as to wheth- 
er the venture remains on 

Major research programmes 
in Japan also cover such areas 
as new materials, man-ma- 
chine interface technolopes, 
direct-drive assembly robots 
and multi-megabit semicon- 
ductors. They are typically 
long-term, broad-based and 
ambitious and their research- 
ers single-minded — qualities 
which cause justified concern 
among the fragmented re- 
search establishments of the 
European Community. 

Roy Gamer 

A freelance journalist 
based in Tokyo 

starts to 

from facing page 
tice and for the purposes of 
international comparison, in 
dollars, the sharp rise in the 
yen's value produces, it is 
argued in Tokyo, a highly 
misleading picture. 

In dollar terms, exports 
have been rising strongly so 
far this year and imports 
falling back. This why 
forecasters are predicting a 
sharp widening of the balance 
of payments surplus in 1986. 

Meanwhile, growth in the 
economy has stalled as busi- 
nessmen have cancelled in- 
vestment plans until it 
becomes dearer what is likely 
to be left of the export markets 
they have built np. In the first 
three months of 1986, gross 
national product fell by 0.5 per 

Several countries have expe- 
rienced a weak first quarter, 
before adjusting to the new era 
of cheap oil. But the Japanese 
decline was notable as the first 
quarterly gnp fall for II yeans. 
There was a drop of 4.9 per 
cent In export volume and the 
rate of increase in investment 
spending was just 0 3 per cent 

It is generally expected that 
the economy, as in other 
countries, will gather strength 
as the year progresses. And 
inflation should fall to zero 
this week or next. But Japan is 
unlikely to enjoy the rosy 
prospect of growth without 
inflation for too much longer. 

More painful adjustment 
lies ahead and that is likely to 
prove the dominant factor for 
the economy in the years 

David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 




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A switch 
to the 

Denationalization of public corporations 
in Japan stems from the need to reduce a 
long-term national debt of 168300 
billion yen (about £673 billion), the 
equivalent of more than 50 per cent of 
gross national product 

The move is part of a broad pro- 
gramme of administrative reform initiat- 
ed in 1981 and aimed at d iminishing the 
role of government and thereby its debt 

The three main corporations are 
Nippon Telegraph & Telephone (NTT), 
Japanese National Railways (JNR) and 
Japan Tobacco (JT), which also bandies 
the salt monopoly. In addition, the 
government intends to sell its minority 
share in Japan Air Lines (JAL). 
m Nippon Telegraph & Telephone 

NTT changed from public corporation to 
joint stock company and lost its telecom- 
munications monopoly on April 1, 1985. 
However, the government remains the 
sole owner. It is expected to sell half its 
stake over tive years from this 
autumn but for security reasons will not 
reduce its holding below one third. 

Foreigners will not be able to bid bnt 
this ruling may be amended at the end of 
the decade. 

Though still state-owned, NTT can 
raise funds without government peimis- 

Foreigners not 
able to bid 

sioo and its employees have the right to 
negotiate wages and go on strike 

Since last April it has invested in more 
than 40 new projects, including a 5030 
joint venture with IBM Japan in value 
added network ( VAN) services. 

The new NTT's revenue for the first 
year of operation was 5,100 billion yen 
(about £20.4 billion) and pre-tax profit 
316 billion yen. This is considered a good 
basis from which to make an initial 
offering of shares on the Tokyo Stock 

The work force has been cut by 26,000, 
to 304,000, since 1980 and the manage- 
ment hopes to trim it by at least 5,000 a 
year in the near future. At the same time 
it will invest in new equipment such as 
mistafled telephone exchanges/These 
changes are designed to make NTT 
better able to face competition. 

Japanese National Hallways 

Admired for its punctuality and engineer- 
ing skills, JNR has been astonndingly 
profligate in its financial dealings. Its 

The Shinkansmuor bullet train, pride of Japanese National Railways.) ts profits 
may be used to cover losses of other companies after the JNR splif-hp ; 

accumulated debt was more than 23,000 the manufacture of dgwettes remains a 
— * - -»- — J ~ p JJ monopoly. 

With tobacco sales of more titan 2,686 
billion yen in fiscal 1985, JT held 97,6 of 
a rather flat domestic market However, 
foreign companies' turnover is rising at 
aboet 15 per cent a year. 

No timetable for privatization has been 

billion yen (£92 billion) at the end of 

fiscal 1985. . ' _ . 

In clearing it, the government is 
following the recommendations of a 
committee which reported last year. 
These are to split JNR into eight 
companies, three on Honshu and one 
each on Hokkaido, Shikoku and Kyushu, 
one to run the Shmkansen or “beDet 
train" services and one to handle freight. 
These companies are due to start 
operations on April 1, 1987. 

By that time total JNR debt will 
amount to 37,300 bQfion yen, the big 
jump due to the inclusion of latent 
liabilities such as the cost of pensions 
and projects such as the Seikan tunnel 
between Honshu and Hokkaido and the 
bridges across the Inland Sea. 

According to Professor Hiroshi Kato, a 
member of die reform committee, the new 
companies helped by profits from the 
Shinkanseu . operations, will pay off 
14,200 billion yen of this total. The old 
JNR, which will remain inexistence after 
next March, mil shoulder 23,100 billion 
yen, 16,700 billion, yen of which will be 
written off by the government and 5,800 
billion yen met by the sale of land. . 

Professor Kato believes that the new 
companies can be profitable from the 
first year of operation but this will 
depend on cnts in the work force, using 
Sbinksutsea profits to cover Josses else- 
where, and setting up a 1,000 billion yen 
fund to subsidize railways in the three 
outlying islands. The plan is to sell the 
companies as they become profitable. 

in 1980 JNR had 420,000 employees. 
Today the figure is about 277,000 bid the 
reform plan says that only 183,000 will 
be needed by the new companies. 

Of the surplus. 41,000 will be kept on 
in the old JNR for three years, daring 
which they will be retrained and, it is 
hoped, found alternative employment 
Thirty-one thousand jobs will go through - 
natural wastage and 20,000 workers will 
be asked to take rohwtary redundancy. 

♦ Japan Tobacco 

like NTT, Japan Tobacco became a 
joint stock company on April 1 last year 
and is still 100 per cent government- 
owned. The reason for its change of 
status was more political than financial; 
foreign, particularly United States, com- 
panies were urging the government to 
open np the domestic cigarette market 

These companies can now set op their 
own distribution networks In Japan but 

• Japan Air lines 

Moves to sell off the government's 345 
per cent stake have accelerated since the 
crash of a JAL domestic flight last 
August with the loss of 520 fives. Since 
that disaster the whole of the top 
management has been replaced and the 
structure of the company changed. JAL 
shares could start to come on to the 
market next summer. 

Largely as a result of the crash, JAL 
recorded an after-tax loss of 6.7 billion 
yen in the year ending March 31, 1986. 
Total revenue, of 8239 billion yen, was 
down 0.4 per cent, that from domestic 
passengers, 13.4 per cent. The company 
expects to make a small profit fit -fiscal 

The prelude to its becoming a wholly 
private concern comes at a time of great 
changes in Japanese aviation. Under the 

ANA has its eye on 
a London route . 

old policy JAL was assigned internation- 
al routes and domestic ones between 
Tokyo, Osaka. Sapporo, Fukuoka and 
Naha, and All Nippon Airways and Toa 
Domestic Airlines flew domestic routes. 

Now, ANA has started international 
flights — to Guam in March and to Los 
Angeles and Washington later this 
month. It has its eye on the China and 
London rentes, the latter in return for 
non-stop flights by British Caledonian to 
Tokyo. In addition, Nippon Cargo 
Airlines, in which ANA is the main 
shareholder, started flights to San 
Francisco and New York last year. - . 

In return for ANA's more overseas, 
JAL is being permitted to start domestic 
flights between Tokyo and Kagoshima 
later this month and between Nagoya 
and Fukuoka and Tokyo and Komatsu in 
October, la the short term, it aims to 
raise Its share of the domestic market 
from 20 to 30 per cent 

Simon Scott Phunmer 

Communication is not simply 
sending a message. . . it is 
creating true understanding— swiftly, 
clearly and precisely. 

“I know he's trying to tell me something: 
but what does he really mean?" In our world 
of proliferating technologies and new termi- 
nology, this kind of question is asked a lot 
Here is what we are doing about it. 

itachi’s wide-ranging technologies in communication (from left to right] 
iticaf fibers, optical 1C, advanced telephone exchange system. 

? d sate///te communication. 

Hitachi's scientists and technicians' long- 
term goal is to break the language barrier. 
They are diligently at work today on an array 
of projects that will vastly improve the com- 
munications of tomorrow. 

For example, we've made tremendous 
progress on a system to translate Japanese 
into English. 

This system can be used to translate 
various scientific/technicaf papers and 
machinery/equipment manuals. Special 
"glossaries" can be developed to adapt it for 
fields as diverse as medicine, electronics 
and aeronautics. Further development could 
lead to automatic telephone translation or 
even portable verbal translators for travelers. 

In addition to the machine transla- 
tion system, Hitachi's research specialists 
are also developing advanced transmission 
systems that send your phone calls or 
business data across great distances using 
hair-thin optical fibers and laser beams. 

They are also working on other new methods 
of communications, such as advanced 
telephone exchange systems, satellite com- 
munication systems. TV conferences, 
and so forth. 

At the root of much of this is our highly 
advanced computer technology, because 
Hitachi is producing some of the fastest, 
largest-capacity systems available today. 

We link technology to human needs. We 
believe that Hitachi's advanced technologies 
will result in systems and products that are 
functionally sophisticated but easy to use. 
Our goal in communications -and trans- 
portation, energy and consumer electronics 
as well -is to build products and systems 
that will improve the quality of life the 
world around. 


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Emotion fuels 
the mighty 
ad industry 

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Proposed bridge 

routes - — 

20 mites 

^nVSHIKOKU.: . ;■ 

kyu^u:-- JAPAN 

An end to the isolation 

The smallest of Japan's four main 
islands, Shikoku is also the least 
known. Despite its proximity to 
the great cities of western Honshu 
it has remained a backwater, 
popular with tourists for its festi- 
vals and with pilgrims for its 
Buddhist temples. 

Its isolation is about to be ended 
by the building of bridges across 
the Inland Sea to Honshu. Kyushu 
and Hokkaido have already been 
linked to the main island, the first 
by three tunnels and a bridge and 
the second by the world's longest 
undersea tunnel. 

Shikoku is due to follow suit in 
1988_ with the opening of a chain 
of bridges which hop from island 
to island between Kojima and 
Sakaide (see map). Two further 
routes, one to the east via Aw^ji 
Island, the other to the west, are 
also under construction. The total 
cost at 1 982 prices, is estimated at 
3.360 billion yen (about £13.44 

Work on the middle route, 
which measures nearly six miles 
from shore to shore, is 75 per cent 
done. Cables strung between huge 
steel towers loop across the sea 
awaiting the attachment of a 
double-deck truss, with a four-lane 
road above and a two-track rail- 
way beneath. 

How will completion of the 
Kojima-Sakaide route affect Shi- 
koku and, in particular. Kagawa 
prefecture? Tadao Maekawa, the 
governor, said it would more than 
halve, to about SO minutes, the 
journey between Takamatsu and 
Okayama on Honshu. The prefec- 
ture wouldbe able to deliver its 
fish, fruit and vegetables more 
rapidly to the big cities on. the 

main island and in return would 
hope to attract higlHech invest- 
ment and tourists. 

Though the Kojima-Sakaide 
route will make the initial impact 
on Shikoku, in the longer term the 
eastern route is expected to have a 
greater effect because of the direct 
link it will provide with Kobe, 
Osaka and Kyoto. Only two 
suspension bridges are needed 
between Kobe and Nanno. but 
both are enormous. The southern 
one. with an 876-metre central 
span over the Naruto Strait, was 
opened last year and in April work 
began on its northern partner, 
across the Afcashi Strait - On 
completion in 1998, it will have 

Objections from 
ferry companies 

the longest central span — 1.780 
metres — of any suspension bridge 
in the world, a record held by the 
1,410-metre Humber Bridge. 

Initially this will be a road link 
only but there is talk of either 
digging a railway tunnel under the 
Akasht Strait or twinging it across 
from Wakayama prefecture to the 
east then taking it over the 
Naruto bridge, which already has 
a spare deck for trains. 

Shinzo Miki, governor of Toku- 
shima, expects many companies 
to invest in the prefecture, thus 
reducing migration. In the other 
direction. Tokushima will be able 
to get its agricultural produce 
more quickly to Osaka and Kobe. 

On the western route, between 
Onomichi and Imabari, two 
bridges have been completed and 
two are being built. The entire 

route, which will have six bridges, 
is due to open early in the next 

Though the local governments 
welcome the ending of Shikoku’s 
isolation, not everyone is so 
enthusiastic. Foremost among the 
objectors are the ferry companies 
which ply the Inland Sea. Taka- 
matsu is the main departure point 
on Shikoku for the ferries and the 
opening of the Kojima-Sakaide 
bridges will lead to the loss of 800 
jobs. Both Kagawa and Okayama, 
on the opposite shore in Honshu, 
are paying compensation to the 
ferry operators and trying to find 
them other jobs. Compensation 
has also been paid to fishermen 
whose grounds are being disturbed 
and polluted by construction 

Finally, there are the 800 people 
who live on three of the small 
islands across which the Kojima- 
Sakaide route passes. The inhabit- 
ants of two. Iwakuro and 
Hilsuishi. live from fishing and 
those of the third. Yoshima, have 
had their livelihood removed 
because the bridge has swallowed 
up a granite quarry. 

The benefit, or otherwise, of the 
bridges is likely to spread only 
slowly inland from Takamatsu 
and Tokushima because of the 
lack of good roads. The plan is to 
have eventually a motorway net- 
work in the shape of a figure of 
eight across the island. However, 
officials in Takamatsu said that 
because of the difficulty in acquir- 
ing land from the fanners it would 
be 10-20 years before the Tokushi- 
ma-Maisuyama and Tokushima- 
Kochi legs were opened. 

As an advertising market Japan is 
second in size only to the United 
Slates, although expenditure re- 
mains a fraction of that across the 
Pacific. In 1985 it came to nearly 
3.Q00 billion yen (about £12 
billion), with 35.2 per cent going 
lo television and 28.7 per cent to 
newspapers. However, this im- 
pressive total cannot hide the fact 
that growth of the industry has 
slowed since 1980. 

Last year it recorded the lowest 
rise (2.3 per cent) since 1965. The 
prospects for 1986 are not much 
better. The domestic market has 
reached saturation point and the 
agencies now face the challenge of 
stimulating demand in a way that 
was unnecessary before. 

Will this lead to a change in 
their methods of doing business? 
To answer that one must look at 
some of the peculiarities of the 
Japanese advertising industry. 

First, advertisements tend to be 
less strident than in the West. 
There is more concern for creating 
an image than in making a hard 
sell, for entertaining rather than 

The Japanese agencies explain 
this approach by saying that they 
rely on intuition rather than logic. 
In the West the product is the core 
and emotion is wrapped round it; 
in Japan the reverse is true. 

Norman MacMaster. head of J. 
Walter Thompson in Tokyo, be- 
lieves that the reason for the 

Style generally 
takes precedence 

differences is structural rather 
than ethnic. 

He points out that for years 
Japanese agencies simply bought 
up TV time and sold it to eager 
advertisers, rather than creating 
ads themselves. Even today they 
subcontract much creative work 
to freelances. In addition, they are 
seen just as suppliers and often not 
shown the market research done 
by their clients. The result is that 
style takes precedence over 

Mr MacMaster says that the 
best Japanese advertising, as in the 
West, has both substance and 
style. Economic recession may 
induce more companies to follow 
this lead. 

Another peculiarity of the in- 
dustry is its insularity. In 1985 
Dentsu and Hakuhodo, which 
between them account for nearly 

two-fifths of the market, did less 
than 10 per cent of their business 
overseas. Compare this, at the 
other end of the scale, with 
McCann-Erikson.which gets more 
than 70 per cent of its billings 
outside the US. 

Growth abroad is far higher 
than that in Japan. Dentsu's 
overall billings rase by only I J per 
cent in l985(to $3.5 billion). But 
those ofits joint venture in foreign 
markets with the American agency 
Young & Rubicam were up by 
nearly 16 per cent and are expect- 
ed to climb nearly 40 per cent this 

Hakuhodo ; s domestic growth in 
1985 was 4.6 per cent, twice the 
national average. But overseas, 
where it is affiliated with 
SSC&B:Linia&. it was more than 
30 per cent. The company plans to 
get 10 per cent of its billings - 
which totalled $1.3 billion in 1985 
— from abroad in three years lime. 

Until the merger earlier this 
jear of three American agencies. 
Doyle Dane Bern bach. BBDO and 
Needham Harper- Dentsu was the 
largest in the world in terms of 
billings - that is. the value of the 
advertisements placed through it. 
However, it lagged behind Young 
& Rubicam. Saatchi & Saatchi and 
OgiJvy in gross income. 

Whereas in the West an agency 
tends to have an exclusive agree- 
ment with an advertiser at a fixed 
commission. Japanese agencies 
will often take less commission, 
particularly when they are com- 
peting for new business. 
Hakuhodo said that while West- 
ern agencies tended to concentrate 
on the more profitable parts of the 
business their Japanese counter- 
parts would lake on less lucrative 
work such as product develop- 
ment and public relations. Now 
that growth is down, these sort of 
services may w-eli be reduced. 

Having built up their business 
through placing ads on television 
and in the press, the Japanese 
agencies have recently moved into 
non-mass media activities such as 
sales promotions, public relations 
and organizing cultural and sport- 
ing events. 

They are also investing in new 
media such as cable television, 
videotex, teletext, satellite broad- 
casting and high definition televi- 
sion. However, these are more of 
an insurance policy for the future 
than an immediate source of 
revenue. For instance, the next 

4. ,x« 

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Focus of attention: Japanese companies spend £12 billion a year 
wooing consumers with advertisements 

broadcasting satellite is not due to 
be launched until 1 990, 

If the Japanese way of selling is 
different from that of the West, so 
is the relationship between adver- 
tiser and agency. The Western 
model is that of a long-lasting 

It would not 
happen here 

partnership where the two sides 
together manage a brand. 

In Japan, advertisers buy d la 
canc. placing the creative contract 
for a product here and the media 
one there. According to Max 
Cusnir. who runs McCann- 
Erikson in Tokyo, rarely is an 
agency given complete responsi- 
bility for a brand and never the 
whole of a company's account. 
Likewise, one Japanese agency 

will handle business from compet- 
ing clients — for instance, the car 
makers Toyota and Nissan or the 
consumer electronics companies 
Matsushita and Toshiba. This 
would not happen in the West 

On the subject of creative work, 
the big agencies appear to be 
embarrassed by the subcontract- 
ing they do to freelances. Both 
Dentsu and Hakuhodo said that 
all such work was done in-house. 
This assertion was contradicted by 
Satoshi Waianabe of the Japan 
Advertising Federation and by the 
heads of the two biggest foreign 
agencies in Japan. 

One wonders how long it will be 
— unless the likes of Dentsu and 
Hakuhodo strengthen their cre- 
ative departments — before adver- 
tisers try to deal with freelances 


Japanese made easy 
courtesy of Epson. 

Good morning, Mr Shopkeeper 
Not bad thank you, and yourself? 

Today it is fine, but I fear that 
tomorrow it will rain. 

The donkey of my cousin cannot ride 
a unicycle. 

But enough of 

I would like an Epson computer 
printer please. 

The printers of Epson are frightfully 

reliable, are they not. 

No wonder they have over 40% of the 
world printer market 


oWO-* 1 ' |S? EP “ tek ' 

top pc as well, pie 256 - 



tlS-ttAo ' 


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SOREWA sOto epuson no purinta o 

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Epson (UK.) Umit 

WdL what did you expert? This is an advertisement, for goodness’ sake. 


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Forward with fabrics 





The influence of Japanese 
design on Western fashion has 
been overwhelming in the 
1980s. The West has frequent- 
ly looked East for inspiration 
and renewal. But in the first 
half of this decade, Japanese 
designers have exported their 
designs to Europe, set up shop 
in international fashson capi- 
tals and profoundly affected 
the development of taste. 

Japan has challenged the 
sexist concept that dress must 
be based on the shape of the 
body. An emphasis on fabric 
rather than form has set in 
motion a fashion revolution. 

The current flowering of 
Japan’s fashion has its roots in 
Paris nearly 20 years ago. 
Designer Kenzo Takada 
helped to shape French ready- 
to-wear with his colourful 
collections and knitwear 
shapes based on the two- 
dimensional kimono. 

At the same time, his com- 
patriot Issey Miyake, stirred 
by the revolutionary move- 
ment in France in 1968, broke 
away from the French couture 
tradition in which he was 
trained. He rejected elitist 
dress and went back to basics 
- to the cloth itself, its 
potential and performance. 

Both these designer have 
always insisted that they. are 
designers first and only inci- 
dentally Japanese. Yet from 
them have developed the es- 
sential elements of Japanese 
fashion today: a belief in 
fabric, a rejection of the 
Western concepts of form and 
status, and a look that appeals 

to the modem young, of both 

The shock of the new came 
in Paris in the autumn of 
1 982. with the emergence of a 
Japanese school of design, led 
bv two intellectuals and firm 
fnends, Rei Kawakubo and 
Yohji Yamamoto. 

Rei Kawakubo showed war- 
rior women on the march in 
her Comme des Garcons 
shows. They would stride 
without make-up, or with 
bruised and blackened feces, 

in formless clothes in unremit- 
ting blacks and greys, to the 

It has adapted to 
the market-place 

beat of atonal' music. Her 
slashed and tattered clothes, 
sweaters with holes like gru- 
yere cheese and asymmetric 
body wrappings, were on the 
same wave-length as British 
punk and caught the fashion 
mood of the lime. 

But the strength of modem 
Japanese fashion is that it Iras 
grown and adapted to the 
market-place, in a way that 
creative British designers 
must envy. Today's Comme 
des Garcons collections, and 
its increasingly important 
menswear ranges, have com- 
promised with Western taste. 

Five years after the fashion 
bombshell, the strongest of the 
Japanese designers working 
abroad have survived. And 
back home, a new-found con- 
fidence and creative energy 

inspires both design and re- 
tailing. with Japanese stores 
now colonizing Hong Kong. 

Kenzo still works entirely 
within a Western tradition, as 
does Japan’s couturiers Hanae 
Mori. The 60-year-old design- • 
er is known in the West for her 
elegant and beautifully crafted; 
clothes, especially evening 
wear, in Madame Butterfly 
silks and vivid colours. She ' 
first set up business in Tokyo 
in the 1950s and now owns 15 
companies, including the 
wholesale company Studio V. 

In the same colourful tradi- 
tion. but with completely dif- 
ferent clothes, is Kansai 
Yamamoto, whose dramatic 
knitwear and theatrical fash- 
ion spectaculars suggest the 
costumes and drama of Kabu- 
ki theatre. • 

Junko Koshmo came over 
to England in 1973 and. now 
has a successful business of 
young. contemporary 
sport wear, manufacture red in 
Japan and Italy. She is one of 
three designing sisters. Junko 
and Kiroko Koshino both 
work out of Paris. . but the 
three show together in Japan. 

frV > • t 

•• - 

r£>.V; >- 

- . • - 

Issey Miyake claims that the. 
greatest influence on his fash- 
ion thoughts is Madame 
Vionnet. who invented bias- 
cutting in the 1920s.. Like her, 
Miyake takes a fabric and lets 
it fell freely, rather than" 
cutting and stitching ft into a 
rigid form. He takes that 
concept one stage further by 
creating garments which liter- 
ally change form On the run- 
way: capes that fell from the 

So relaxed: Miyake’s free- 
falling nnstmctoredlayers 

shoulders into a skiitor hoods 
that unfold to create Collars or 
sleeves. • 

Research into traditional 
Japanese work clothes encour- 
aged Miyake to use thick, 
quilted cottons and woven 
stripes that seem made for 
modern times. • . 


>L'" ' VI . 



Fashion Editor 



Cinema’s new double bill of talent and cash 


* -no* »« 


After a long period of relative 
eclipse the Japanese film is 
shining again, with money in 
the home box-office and a new 
lustre abroad. 

There are 6 million VHS recorders in the UK. And the JVC Video- 
Movie is compatible with every single one. An important IWH 
feature but one that 8mm salesmen may be slow to point ouL M W U 

Responsible for the eclipse 
were a declining studio system 

- over-staffed with enormous 
overheads, afraid to take 
chances and wary of new talent 

- and a lack of independent 
money willing to back novel 

Typical of the situation were 
the extremes to which Aldra 
Kurosawa, Japan's finest di- 
rector, was put in search of 
frnirfing- Turned down hi his 
own land in his attempts to 
find the money for Ron, the 
director went, Lear-like, from 
place to place before finding 
major funding in France. 
Money for his last three films 

has come from outside Japan. 

There is, however, new mon- 
ey for a range of sntaller- 
budget films. Among, the 
heaviest of the new investors is 
Fuji-TV, which financed both 
Kon Ichikawa's remake of Tie 
Harp of Burma, last year's top 
money-maker, and The Jaf- 
arctic Story ; the most finan- 
cially successful Japanese film 
ever made. CBS-Sony, 
Kadokawa Publishing, Sanrio 
and Seibn-Parco have all pro- 
vided funding and, in «ome 
cases, distribution for the new 

These companies, all deep 
into diversification, will bank- 
roll projects the big studios 
feel they cannot afford to 
touch. Television stations,de- 
partment stores and publish- 
ing houses do not have studio 
overheads because they have 

no studios, nor do they have 
stockholders demanding in- 
stant profit from -films. 

Yanagimachi, Ogari, 
Morita, Somai and Hayashi. 
are among the directors who 
have benefited from these 

the most popular films, the 
great majority of which- have 
been ^ndepeiiient productions. 

A fairly young and knowl- 
edgeable film-viewing audi- 
ence exists in Japan and high 
admission prices make film-. 
malting a viable business once 
this audience is attracted, 
something which die major 
studios, playing it safe, have 
on the whole felted to do. 

It is a comparatively small 
audience (about 155,000 in 
1985, down from 217,000 in 
1971) but tickets are qmte 
expensive — 1,118 yen (about 
£4.47) on average in 1985, 
against 366 yen m 1971. These 
returns are for those malting 

Among the resuKs is dud 
the old producer system of 
• making . films - (Tobo, Toe, 
Shodukh producers feSsg di- 
rectors what -to do) is giving 
way. The new film money is all 
independent and department 
stores have no film producers. 
Japanese cinema is- conse- 
quently reverting -tb being 
director-oriented, just as it was 
in the great days" of .On, 
Mizognchi, N arose and 



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swti min 

Do nald Richie 

IT . -*• -- • 


Author of many books .. on 
Japanesefdms, Donald .Richie 
has just completed a new book 
on world cinema. Viewing 

The power to communicat 

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ini. TraveiwK*. AMa A-tu. 

STAIN. Port IMS) Cheapest lares. 
Biggie*. Ol 736 8191. ATOL. 

Enclosuresean bektstaSad 
over new or easting pools 
Several styles avatebte. toso 
outdoor and exercise pools 
Send for Brochure to: DeptSTl 
Ardep Ud. 1 GreenforgeWey. 
Tel: 06333 72737/8 


□ Sturgis 


PW. Long Co 

PBHAM U* W14 2nd Or fta. 
fewfy rifle. 2/3 beds. 1/2 rsesp. 
ha rah hi n u chmm. urns. 
(200 9W. Long Co III 

Mr totmm m M$ ongginc 

•MU 7441 


j: 0 J a :i i .3-1 

Wa have a nosh sMaoton ri ps- 
smauy rapaend lumstad and 
irtmahM properties hi many line 
RrafemaJ dstneta. noons (tom 
EI50 pw to £4000 ph. 


Tmk 01-486 8928 


H *-* - 
**# ^ 

flu r '^r* 

start* **. - 

W i 

N *-1? r 
*k. ll 

* ♦* 

*<5 W*-. 
f* 586- •■* 

i r- 

*Tt -it. 

a* « V> - 

*i i 

'* sv.- 

'• ’• - j,’ 

•'• 1 -- 5v,' 


,J 5?. 
.< r? 

’. r: ^ fo 


. of cham. large m ir ror s - book- 
■ rave*. Nesks & burrau&.Ol -385 
-0148 228 2716 day niM. 


English Oak. hand polished la- 
hies. ‘ Sideboards- dreeecn. 
chairs & orrastonal furniture 
node to order. Nentehed nr 
Henley on Thames. (04911 
641116. Bournemouth <0202; 
293380. Tonsham Devon 
■0392871 7443. Berkley Gtos 

< 0433 1 810937 

FINE IT quanty wool carpets. At 
trade prices and Under. aMo 
WNtaHr lCKTe extra. Large 
room gie remnants under hair 
normal price. Chancery Carpets 
01 403 0*53. 

THE TINES 1795-1986. Other 
mim avail. Hand bound ready 
/or prmmtauon also 

-Sundays" £12 .bo. Remember 
When. 01-686 6323. 


- starlight Exp- cnees. Lee Mis. 
All theatre and shorts. ~ 

Tel 8216616 82S0495. 

A Ex Visa Dtnen. 

- BIRTHDAY DUE T Ctve someone 

an original Timre Newspaper 
dated l DC very -day they were 
MTU. £1250. CM 92-31303. 


* lows Me Of bantwearing wool 
blended Berber carpet at £2.99 

. per SO yd. ■»• VAT. 01 736 31 95. 

'SCAfYMHSMTAny nriiliac Les 
aMfe Coveni <Mn. Starlight Exp. 
. ^iKjMwuow. -fli «13 -Wff. 
'tovutor crvdH Cards. 


•• vs Cowboys and Sdl Oieatres. Ol 

- 701 8283. 

•" CATS, CHESS, Ues MB. An the- 
' atre and sport. Tel 631 3719- 
. 637 -1716. All maj or credit 


:. . etc. can y on bu y cheaper? B * 
s Lid. Ol 229 1947 8468. 

. SOFA: One aim WggerUian thF 
J . other Zarachfiale. Gngsvienor 

• sq. Ol 491- 2706 




WodhnbBgtbn tram £3flS p« 
sqvU + VAT.flOSWWHBWy 


. yfl + VAT4manjro**»9"« 

148 Waadnwm Bridge Rd. 
. Pusan Grass, SW8. 
TeU 01-731 3368/9 


Ven dose tt tabs hr WW End 
on Cay and conuerteat tar 
angle twdraomL 2 receguons. 
2 Mtacuira. immafeal* aM- 
Ale £300 par week 

TeL 81-988 7668 or 
01-995 4385. 

CAMOEN SQ. Comfortable house. 
Beautifully furnished and 
rouiped- Shw 6/6- 3 recap. kU. 
2 baths il en mile), drssnvm. 
Avail 22ih Jut . am Sep. £225 
pw. mg. Tel: 01-486 6625. 

TOACHHOtM 8 mu from 
Goodwood, on the coast. 3 dbi 
beds. 2 bain, fully mod. Reru 
EAOOpw or £2000 lS.T^O. a. 
Tel: Skfleaham (024 356) 279. 

HOUDAY LETS. From £200 pw 
IO £5000 pw. Tel: Ol 456 6086 
anytime. rp. 

KENSMSTON NAP Sunny garden 

PW. 602 6941 



miHBTON Atac IM ftr couple 
to lei. £66 RW. i swung room, l 
bedroom (double bed), k & b . 
own tel e phone, roof gmden. 
Available August- Re8. Bing 
01-226 1763 after 6pm. 

A CLEAN Weu ttphted place, own 
room prof person, pr t ube, me - 
die and arte mind oremred. 
sense of humour. Cmty UlOQ 
per week exci Ol 373 6372. 





of people need 
your help to 
ease the pain 
of cancer. 


Cancer Relief 




Sydney £455 £899 

jo'Bura oof 

tW» 1 

IS'/ISSbsSiS £405 

plight CENTRE 
01-370 6237 


Nairobi. Jo*Bwg- Ofa DnW. 
laanbiii-Snsapoffi KJ- Wm. 
tomktdt. Hons S>tbey. 
4 Tbe Americas. 

floabEB TtawL 

76 S8M iiSP 6 
|_p q4m» ftri TOG. 

91-439 0102 
Open Srtafet lOJEMiflO 




snefc nn 

Jg3tm,ler E3O0 £430 

turner £275 E20 

Cm ff» £230 

Laos £240 £360 

Dei 'Bom £250 £350 

Bangkok £220 £350 


VS sa-aM 

1*8 S fino 6wJm» mam 


Pans 09 N YORK £273 
Fur* lixl teo LVSP 
Lpbm 020 Una £370 
Nanxy £325 Snsnofs £430 
Jotug EIW Bangtek 533S 
Care 5305 Kwnani WO 
Da Bom £335 Rangoon £350 
Hang Kong £510 CSailN £ «S 
Ptexse cal 
21 Sntfaw 51 LMHa an 
0WJ9 2T0D437 K37 

u Constantine = 

For the best 

rental soiecQOd Of 


in prime London arses 

STOEmkCamf Rmi SMS. 

01-244 7353 



Must be experienced, self 
motivated and able to wot* 
without close supervision. 

Car owner/driver preferred . 
Excellent package tor the 
rigtH person. 

64 Rosin m. M.WS. 
01-794 1161 (Ref BI) 

SUFCAB LOCATION overtooklng 
TMnwu and Hampton Court. 2 
Mim Railway Suihxi and 
•ham- A 1*1 Fir well MUipped 2 
Ale bedroom rut. lounge. 
Uimn. balhrm. bfl alreet park- 
mg 2 ran £6ao pern. Te) Ol 
979 1792 

nn BCUiatTFUL modernised 
flat In Geortppn Haw. 2 
bedim, recep. Ut. balhrm. patio 
and garden. Lons let preferred. 
Very com lent city west End. 
Avail 1 August 86. £160 pw 
Tel: Ol 731 7766 iDxyj 01 874 
8389 i£ve>. 

New Luxury hse to lei. Well Lo- 
raiid. fully eoulped including 
linen etc. I bed . I recent, ga- 
rage. Available Mid July 
anwarA. £ J 90 pw. Tel. O] 3 82 
8968 (Ol or Ol 7?7 0577 mm 

BCLSraE BARK NW3. Spacious, 
furnished 4 room. 3rd floor (Ul. 
in modem block. Lift, central 
healing Available i 9 Bft. Co 
lei for 12 rnonlhk. £220.00 pet 
week. Tel Ol 370 3129. 

EARLS COURT SW5 Spacious, 
newly fumbhed 3 roomed 2nd 
fir flat i magnificent bed mon i 
and 2 recent rim). Co. id (or 12 
monlhs, ElSOpw. Tel: 01-370 

HAMPSTEAD. 3 bedroom rown 
house 2 baths il en sullei 
Through Igr. Fully fum. F f 
kttrhrn. Sgir Cgge. Patio lead- 
ing to communal gdn. £360 pw. 
Co let. Long HL 01 435 7368 


In null purpose twill MocL 
Tctt*x. gPrtten. video enuy 
phone, porter, con vtmem Re- 
eems PW and own line 
stations. Suit RroJessooal 
Couple or Company Let. 
£170 per week. 

Tel:0l 387 9626 

deniial Leurnm Deoartmetu. 
REOCIRCO for our bustM^; 
fair Office Good "wiUMjalWn 
A company car. ww wli h Cy 
<o Mrs J. Rod nav » Eewb 
Cardale Graves. 43 N°«h 
AutUev Street. London Wi. 


CHELSEA. Well sued resiau- 
ranis, lale mghl ehopwng. 
Furiwsned uuoio and i beu flab 
from £160 pw. Mlxi 1 month. 
Leiung Oflier. NeU Gwyiuv 
House- Sloane Av. London 
SWST 01 584 8317: feta*. 
416338 NGHLDN. 

Super Thames views from I 2 
Bed Hals In luxury oc-i elopmenl 
with porterage A use of rornmu- 
nal gardens. C 200 -? 86 pw. 
Coom 828 825J. 

HtSMOATE Comfortable 2 bed 
family flat. Avail August Nr 

Tube, all conveniences with Ige 
gdn Pleasant neighbourhood 
£200pw Tel: Ol 348 6475 

HUGE LUX FLAT 6 nuns OlV 2 
dble beds. 25' ige- filled kitchen, 
all machines. Oversooking «ul« 
Green Co Let. pref. £150 p.w. 
Tel 037 6388 Mr PoUanL 

— aoui r ARCH debghUul 3 bed 
rum house 6 garden, grh Avail 
now. co M pref £300 pw irtd 
TM Ol 283 8S33 ext 2049. 
i Day I Ol 723 4219 IEv«U. 

properly available Personal 
service 01 465 608n anytime 


WMBLEDON Fully furnished 2 
bedroom flat in Dct-Sllge block 
wiuun easy reach of all arneru- 
Uex. £125 p.w. Trt: Ol 946 

aparlmenK. Short long lets. 
Tel: 01-373 6506 Mon-Friday. 

OUIIGTOM Family me. wdh par 
den. 4 beds. 2 recep. £126 pw. 
19 July • 30 Aug- Ol 607 8379. 


Conrad Richard or Mick. Darks 
Wootfr A Co 402 7381. 

WEST KEN F F OvamUng lux 1 
Bed aoart oloofcing Gdn. 
CI 20 PW me 675 1896 <T) 
WNSUMH lux 2 BTm Flat. 
AU Mod Cons. Cb Lei £140 pw 
Exc Location Tel: Ol 6464798 

AVAILABLE MOW Luxury hats A 
houses. Chrtsea. KnMMsbrtdgg. 
Belgravia. £ 200 -£ 2 . 000 pw. 
Tel: Burgess 681 6136. 
DOCKLANDS- Houses and flats 
Throughout ihe docklands area 
to let- Docklands Property Cen- 
tre. 01-488 4862. 

FULHAM. Newly modernised 
ground floor flat wilh Ipe gar- 
den. 2 double beds. Nr. lube*. 
£160 pw. Tel: Ol 386 1049- 
KEMMN 8 TON £136 pw ExraOenl 
sppctoui (idly furnished garden 
fui 2 Bedrooms Sun 2 persons 
0)603 9466. 


nrni luxurious long, short let 
opts. Irak. 1 st. 1 8 bedroom*. 
W.T. P. Ol 93B 9612. 
MAYFAIR Groev error 5a- Charm- 
ing S C turn flat. 12 Bdrms. 
Lge Reccp. Short long let FT 
£175ow. 01-493 7830 IT). 
Flak Garage A Parking Adja- 
cent Thames. £730 pern No 
Agents. Co Lei 01-223-3347 
J*7 ISUHCrOM. Lovely 9 fhinaL 
2 nrn. K 6 B. GCH. Funic 
uni urn. £90 pw. Refs eas. Ol 

609 2654. 

2 bed flal in mod Mock. MIL por- 
ter. parking, long Irt £166 pw. 
property Serv ices 01-995 4176 
room luxury serviced 
rnaisonrfle. CO Lei- £360 pw. 
10-7 pm 681 6109 
room basemeni fttL Small 
superb kitchen. Good decor^Co 
Lef £130 pw. Ol 689 9007 
ST JOHNS WOOD nr *n. l bed lux 
IM. Newty fum. Mod KM. bam. 
TV. £!50pw A I bed flat £120 
pw co lei pref Tdfli 221 1369 
mins, exceptional new conv 2 
bed mars fully I urn. ch. cnxs 
£126 PW Ol 436 6183 
9*7 96*1 The number lo remem- 
ber when seeking pest rental 
properties In central and prtme 

London areas £i 50/ £2-000 pw . 

CHELSEA Brand New I bed Flal 
wun a view, tmmacutaie Co. 
Lei. £163 pw. Tel.Oi 352 6799 
HAMPSTEAD untaue 2 room col- 
lage and garden. K * B^Oj- 
W m. £150 P w. Trt:466 6769 
m c H BVm r 2 Bed mx fui. Roof 
Terr. Quirt Tube/Bus CJly * 
W/EAd C460pcm Ol 9500737 
MHBMATE Lux Town hse. 5 
beds, cw A Gdn. 2 nuns Tube. 
£185 pw ANSI Ol 34 8 3613. 
KEMSOeCTON WS Drttghtfld 3 
bed fum house. Sumy onto gv- 
den. CO let £360 PW 937 6126 

KMCafTSBRRMC. Luxwy Mews 

house 2 dble beds. Hum or short 
leu from £395 pw. 664 73150 
LOOKING for the bed flak du- 
plex. house In London? 
£100 tOOOpw. OH 689 5481. 
MARBLE ARCH Mews CMtage. 2 
double beds. Quirt Location. 
£360 pw Trtfll 286 8260. 
RICHMOND /KCW. 4 beds. mod. 

I urn. town hse. Nr lube. Kew 
gdns. £275 PW. 01-947.1566. 

5 KEM garden sg. Victorian gran- 
deur in spacious flMIcx 2.3 
Irom £130 pw. Ol 373 0667 
5 W 5 . Sunny l bed flat tn earn** 
square Thud floor. £120 pw. 
Trt Ol 362 8806. 

W12 Double bed flaL mcepdon. k 
and b. available September, 
cioo 00 pw. Trt Ol 743 841 9 . 

!i m 4 



“The" Restaurant in 
for you 

ASCOT (0990) 22285 

r Ike first wtomt 
z£N$gymwwwle of its tied 

a London 

3 Circus Road, St John’s Wood, NW 8 . 

01-586 9182/3 

Me french 

and Pasta have In common? 
You can find them all at 
Farcob Pasta on tfusRufc. 

The exoong new restaurant: where the 

Spaghem Opera OAttpany perform 
liwdy baton Opera every night 

Come a!o% to Paro#LJn« ftsta 

is perfect—The Company Is CapdvaUng! 

TEL 01-930 5999 




fle ca» Rways supply a first ctass 
villa, even at the last mnae. We 
have probaUv the finest srieebon 
m rhe Msdnefranee?. oa Corfu. 
CreK. Paras, Ataane. Sum of 
Franca, foiy - on me beach onrti 
pooL Ml haw maid, some a cool 
P nces 7 From the vary opens?ve to 
the surpnangly modestL 



43 Csdams Snal 
LhHmSWS 2Pfl 
01-581 0851 / 01-584 003 
(519 0132 - 24 kr 


5 Mgd St. Cg t ra, Sumy 

Teh 0784-39494 

Menu indushn 
- nenras. 5 cotases 
stchxfetg soBCtad uines £20 
An extaon&tgry 
NouveUe expenmee 
* Business A Sunday 

* Cfrarenwa M25. 
Heattvow, Windsor. Ascot 
w Main A30 postwihCar Put 


Open ttxv Friday T2J0-1 Mon-Sx6-lt30 
Spagheoj Opera 730-IL 

116 Knighcsbridge. London SWI. let 01-584 9777. 





MENORCA Villas, tome wtm 
pools, apartment*, uirnue. Ml 
dales mall. June specials. h*^i 
season from ClZS Cdhc Hoil 
days. 01 309 7070 A 0622 
677071 or 0622 677076 (24 
firs) A Co! 1772. 




Luxurious Vilas walking dis- 
tance to teaches, or 
Country Houses in unspoflt 
Villages nr Ftoyan on the 
Md-Wect Coast Soma va- 
cancies Mid Juiy-August- 
SepL Sleep 4-10. 


0273 552454 

LOBS VALLEY OUrmlng Anae- 
\ln Cottage In Grounds of 16C 
MdMd cnaleau by River. Sips 6 
Avail MM Aug onwards. £2EO 
pw. Trt. 01 221 0691 
NICE. Lowed fare* from £99 
Biggin Travel. 01 736 8193 
AIM 1893. 



Free wnttsfl. mss. draws 
dub. Ul bovtl. tne mi fr £329 
or 4* htuy up** spoa yw i»- 
ade santfr beactas or » tstand 
oasis tT £359 or stroll bsactaHJe 
trad b/b fr E22S. 


CANCELLATION 15/7 fr E148 
Graf* Ul teeiW beadw «ni 

WUnOIA Poo t villas for 6S 
atau July Aug. Brochure Irom 
Palmer A Parker, toil 493 

MARfflUA. Unc villas with 
pools. Avail June lo On. 01 409 
2838 VUUWorM. 


47 fitmts a SBOmftad, 
HhMl Fma * talk 
lie flHMf CMcg CR 

07 785 2200 
Ex aravt Luton. Mmatesnr, 


, x r£» un<r 

19 New Row. 
Covent Garden. 

01-240 5348 

The GANDHI Cottage 

Finest Indian Cuisine. 
Exquisite Tandoori and Chefs 
speciality seasoned to your own taste. 

Open 7 days, 

12 noon - 3 pm/6 pm - midnight 
57 Westbonrne Grove, W2 

Tel: 01-221-9396. 

Air conditioning. 

Private function room available. 

SKI WEST bumper brochure 01 U 
new parked wtrh all ihe lop re- 
sorts. Sunday flights >beal Uie 
trafflci). and amazingly low 
pnnsrtartmg M £69. Ring (Oil 
786 9999 for your copy. 
ABTA69266 ATOL 1383. 


Rf CORK Cottage by m. Lovely 
views. Comforts, total ouret and 
leclurton. Near village. Sip* 
2 7. From July 31M 03677693 

OWN BEACH. Executive bunga- 
low 1 l« 4 bedroom*. Wales 
Tourist Award. £250 pw. 0286 


tapUira as invited tar the 
above postal wUch hat been 
pealed ratal the UK's taring 
Brokerage. Tht soceessM appB- 
cani «•! be aged 25+-. o 1 snort 
appe arance rah a tot 2 yean 
•trt experience. Fill train tag and 
excellent promotion prospects 
make op ttas exerting package. 

Triepboae Mr AstafieU 

01-623 3465. 

CHOBHAM New Superior chrtrt 
style toe. 3 5 la d ing , lounge 
dining rm. Kitchen. 2 en suile 
balhrm*. rtoakrm. Dble Glaze. 
Garage, parking for al lean 6 
ears, ovrrtooking farm land- 
Cl 19600. Tet 0252 871796. 


2 bed flat. £82X100 TO 01-586 


pin &tarraies. Kris 

01-481 0122 



seeks family: home help care of 
children. gardening 

etc... July Aug. E_ Berry. 53 rue 
Bourtcaia. 92260 FanleRhy- 
F ranee- iij 47 02 71 66- 

CORFirs BEST- EMnr a ouief 
holiday m unapom KmntnaM 
Grorgeous swimming: superb 
views, villas far 2 - 6 . sehadtded 
fligMs from Heathrow an 
Thursdays: Joen the few - 
Sunscape Holidays 01948 
6747 A8TA. 

CORFU Sunday 13^027 July 4- 
every Sun in Aug- Beautiful vD- 
las. fully *o mpped nr the b en c h . 
Ex Carwick Rmg Pan World 
Hobdays Ol 734 2562 


CRUISE Thi*ay 12 berth crewed 

motor yartu 2 «w «r £42 *pp 

oUky weeks from £lOoa Free 
W vpom. h b. Ol 326 1000. 
Alrt 2091. 



Specalise m isL Business & 
Economy Bass lOM to «s to 
USA. S. Amenca. Canek. Far & 
MOOie EkL Australia. Sfi S West 
Aina. Carib. Car Hra 8 Hotel 

01439 2944 

Tries 266312 an PET 

TAKE 1M OFF lo Parte. Am- 
stcruam. Bruarte. Bruges. 
Orncva. fimw. Lausanne. Tne 
Hague. Dublin. M«n. Sou. 
■ognr A Dieppe. Time Off 2*. 
Chesicr Oow. UmxKxv SWIX 
7BQ. 01 255 8070. 

IREZCSL L'nsooui Hands, cheap 
mgms.viua rentals etc. 2eus Hoi 
Mays. 01-434 1647. Ala) Alta. 

"RHODES lux apart hois from 
£139pp July 
dtpte. Strama 0706 862614. 


A via*, a pool and a beeuiifuf 
view. WhM more could you 
warn? Choow from Tuscaov. 
Sardinia or Ravrtlo - Ihe tovaB- 
er parte of naly where the mas. 
market operators donb go. Or 
combine a vUla holiday with a 
stay in Venice. Fiorwiee or 
Home. Free brochure from 
Magic of Italy. Dept T. 47 S hep- 
herds flush Green. W|2 8PS 
Tel: 01 749 7449 i24 hrs 

TUSCANY by the sea. Beaurtfray* 
mured Farmhouse. SJe*ps9 . 
Garden. Dally maid. Avail from 
Snd 6. Ol 703 3671 

FI4MEN6E srudu how Meets 
? 3 Quiet, central, in tarve gar- 
den, pool. 01 703 3671 



Holiday? of otsoiKtion for ihe 
vervmw. Tel: 01-491 0802. 73 
St- James'* Street. SWi. 

ALGARVE. LU* -.ilLaswtth PPott 
A aaia. Avan J ul On. Ol 409 
2838. v l Ha World . 

17 JULY - Faro sears ex HRW 
£125 I2WM| PPH *01> 499 

A new unique service to 
our readers and advertisers. 




for the 

placement of advertising. 

You can now phone in your advertisement to us any Saturday 
morning, from 9.30 am. to 1.00 p.m. 

This is a unique new service for all classified advertisers in 

The Times and Sunday Times — and it costs no extra 
Tb book your advertisement phone 01-4814000. 



LUUBCY VILLAS wtlb pooh and 
Mail fWI avail South rtFronro. 
Marbrtla. Aignvd. ww tndtc* 
Coniine nia) \ mas Ol 2*6 9181 

COSTA BLANCA Morau. idyiHc 
v HU. sleeps 6. nr sea. wtet port- 
w» miui swimming port, avan 
July Aug 20th CZfiOpw. Trt: 
^ 0b04 77041 S. 



Motoring by Clifford Webb 

The joys of driving a ‘ragtop’ 

Open top care will never be 
a significant force in the 
British market. With a climate 
like ours you are lucky to get 
the hood down for a whole 
day. Indeed my experience 
suggests that a single long 
journey completed without 
recourse to rain protection is 
an event to boast of. 

But when those glorious 
cloudless days do appear the 
sheer exhilaration of driving a 
“ragtop” arc moments to be 
savoured. An added bonus is 
that some of the latest Cabrio- 
lets are better looking than 
their saloon counterparts, 
even with the hood up. 

1 recently enjoyed such a 
day driving the new Peugeot 
205 CT1 on some of the best 
roads and through some of the 
most impressive scenery in 
Britain, down the backbone of 
Wales from Chester to Cardiff. 

The 205 has already done 
wonders for Peugeot Since it 
was launched three years ago 
over one and a quarter million 
have been- sold and the GTi 
version has become one of the 
cult vehicles of the I980& 
However chopping the top off 
has in the past produced some 
ugly ducklings from _ good 
looking parents. That is not 
the case with the new Peugeot. 
If anything it has even more 
attractive lines. That of course 
is why Peugeot went to 
Pininfarina to do the conver- 
sion. The two companies have 
been partners on successful 
open top models since the 
1950s. The Italian stylist also 
assembles, paints and finishes 
the body so he can control the 
final appearance. 

The first requirement of a 
good conversion is to retain 
the torsional strength of the 
original despite the loss of the 
roof, a key structural member 
of the modem chassis-less car. 
The floor pan of the standard 
205 has been considerably 
strengthened with new cross 
members added under the 
from seats and ahead of the 

fuel tank. The result is a very 
rigid car. There is no scuttle 
shake, no protesting noises 
from the body under extreme 
cornering pressure or at speed 
on rough roads. 

The fuel-injected 1580cc en- 
gine from the GTi has already 
won a host of admirers for its 
smooth, effortless power and 
allied to one of the sweetest 
five-speed gearboxes around it 
makes the open top an excit-. 
ing drive. 

But there is a price to be 
paid for all fresh air motoring 
and the new CTT is no 
exception. It costs £9,495 
compared with £7,360 for the 
fixed roof GTi. But it is still 
cheaper than its major com- 
petitors in Britain, the Ford 
XR3i Cabriolet at £9,817 and 
the VW Golf GTi Cabriolet at 

Peugeot expect to sell 1 .000 
in the first full year. Their 
dealers have already snapped 
this year's allocation of 500. 
Ford, the Cabriolet leader, 
sold 4,450 last year. 



After years of failing to live 
up to the technical excellence 
of their cars Citroen sales in 
Britain are taking off. They 
have already sold 28 per cent 
more cars this year than in the 
same period last year and 
according to Bernard Peloux, 
managing director of Citroen 
UK, look like breaking even 
for the first time in six years. 
He predicts a market share of 
2 per cent in 1986 and the last 
time the French company 
reached that dizzy height was 
back in 1978. 

It all started to come right 
with the launch three years 
ago of the BX medium car — 
the first of its products de- 
signed wifi] ease of manufac- 
ture and low-cost 
maintenance as top priorities. 
It is now making quite an 
impact in the fleet business 

mm A 

Peugeot 205 CTt Exhilarating effortless power 

Citroen BX 19DTR: Diesel with a lack of fuss 

which had been dosed to 
Citroen because of its reputa- 
tion for produdng complex, 
difficult and expensive cars to 

The star of the BX range is 
the dieseL So far this year it is 
second only to Ford's Escort 
diesel and actually pipped it in 
a couple of months. There 
cannot be many model ranges 
sold in Britain where diesel 
versions account for nearly 
half the enure range but that is 
the measure of the BX’s 

It is available with two 
engine sizes, 1 769cc and 
1905cc. The larger engined 
model recently acquired ZFs 
four-speed automatic trans- 
mission, an option to the 
standard five-speed manual. 
The German “box” with a 
torque-convertor “lock-up” of 
top gear and a split hydro- 
mechanical drive for thud is 
fast becoming the most popu- 
lar automatic of the 1980s. It 
gives away little in perfor- 
mance or economy of the 
manual gearboxes and is ef- 
fortless in its changes. 

I recently drove a BX 19 
DTR automatic for a week. It 
is easily the most impressive 
diesel car to pass through my 
hands. Starting is almost in- 
stantaneous. By the time you 
had fitted your safety belt the 
fast acting glow plugs have 
reached their operating tem- 
peratures and off you go. 
There is the inevitable diesel 
clatter while you are station- 
ary but it is still markedly 
quieter than most of its rivals. 

On the road the diesel noise 
is not discernible, indeed 
knowledgeable passengers not 
only failed to spot that it was a 
diesel but expressed consider- 
able surprise even when alert- 
ed and listening intently. 

But it is not just the old 
diesel starting and noise prob- 
lems that have been immea- 
surably improved on the BX. 

Its performance is a revela- 

tion. It gets away from traffic 
lights quite smartly and 
changes up through the gears 
like a medium sized petrol car. 
And it does it all with such 
lack of fuss that it is relaxing 
and satisfying to drive. Gone 
are the frustrating compro- 
mises we came to accept as the 
penalty for the diesel’s more 
economical consumption. 

Vital statistics 

Model: Citroen BX19 DTR 


Price: £9,180 

Engine: 1905cc four cyinder 



Performance: 0-62 mpft 16.2 
secs, maximum speed 97 
Official consumption: 

43.5m pg, 56mph 56.5mpg, 
75mph 42.2rT?pg 
Length: 13.9 feet 
insurance: Group 4 

Not that that is missing 
either. I returned over 40mpg 
on two brisk cross-country 
runs against the clock. Driven 
more conservatively 45mpg 
would be within the compass 
of most drivers. Fuel saving is 
helped by the EX’S progres- 
sive “kick down”. It is not 
necessary to floor the accelera- 
tor to change down. Steadily 
increased pressure will do it 
for you and if the resulting 
change is not sufficient you 
can dip a further gear by 
m oving the foot faster. 



Within the next few weeks 
the permitted maximum 
speeds of towed caravans will 
be raised from 50m ph to 
60mph on dual carriagways 
and motorways. It will remain 
at 50mph on other roads. The 
move has been welcomed by 
the Carvan Club because it 
removes an anomaly which 
restricted trailers including 
caravans to 50mph on motor- 
ways while everything else 
could do at least 60mph. 



GREY. 14000 MILES £20500 

S4A -PORSCHE 924- 

4000 MILES P.OA. 


85B -PORSCHE «44- 
GUUU>. RED. SUMU 104. 
i TOD MiLfcS CI72M 
INTHUOR. t-SK 15000 MU* 

WIMBLEDON. Ask for Rn^er Hamilton. 

01 946 0123 (WeefcdavsL 0 1 642 6604(Sundavs) 


I — m — i 







Tel: (0923) 55116 


Take the 


an your new car 
you take the profit, 
we do the work 


Tel: 0895 39990171831/ 



Telephone far Pi km 

0462 678191 


Tor cxv rang#. C Rrq Mar 86. 
Indcr 6.000 nw imceMon 
auto. PAS. ALB. S R. 

PhOptux red. Owner offered Co 
car. tio.iso MKftart PmwU 
Motors 01-482 4888. MonSaL 

Fct>86- 4000 HiflH. aoao. namr 
miras. mint ronduum. list price 
Ci&sOO. offer* In exerts of 
Cl 6.000. Tel: 01 3Sl 6367. 

RANGE ROVER 4 (tear. FSH- 
42.000 miles. Brown. I owner. 
C6.900 Contact 01 437 4743 

Dec 82. oun OMUL 20.000 
nak-*. new tyres, very good 
rondlilon . MOT ATax June 87. 
£3.500 Trt 01 481 8421 office 
01 4*ft 38*7 home. 

Auto Arwr AtaMaMe tor IT 
Wg.-Oiurt Carriage Co. Cnraen 
DMIrr. Hwdley Down i042&> 
713471 • 


Models. IMS- CBOtre « 6. 
C4.444- contact Brian Johnson. 
Bmtoi Sircrft Motors. Bristol SL 
B'Ham. 021422 2777 


tales tv -demo raoMh I 
Turbo. I CLSE dual range. Tet 
044284 2275/2384 T 


B5JB) BHD MS. Oonotor nd. Hade 
tad** Rtcns. i/t Hno. ML000 

■Mm F7M98 

, «5 tar UK* Hurt Tbrtta 


ndts. Ml 

bnM pong. Ew 

, tMSH/ 


. £11964 

kwwhi* hoe u CMHdk 


ttcq Dm . 

dan. mi- 355 mbs. 

M IN RmMJ , 

>3 (N Mo OB X. rant Mg. 
Ml. MOM, ifOM. CAT. 4LD00 

d uml an I2U50 I 
Im 1M. 9*M loAHadc I 
I mbs. UK «0 riLSSB , 
■Mm SM SL ntMSC I 

I «*J- 

I ■m 



\Mn2P um - tm 

VmmA Ms. 




UNIT 15 


TELC0908) 320355 


StfaoMe cto tansy fash, ar 
cartooned. LHD. 1884 modal 
Atmans mteage 6,000. Pabol 
mares. S speed mar to. 

£7,508 each 

Cootact Mm KantoglM 
<N 61-581 1918 
for rienoBsMtoa 

SUZUKI 410 With HRH 20 
PUtn. 19.600 miles, soil lop. 
toe bar. radio, bull oar. meet- 
■rail ram. C&.000. May 
srprrate (dales. 03552 36413. 


Lvriintl 4 water ranverUtde. 
may 1984 5 weed. 40 MPC. 
ru». Ring 022 98* *05 or 
0325 *«3 745. 

TOYOTA ML Red. Sent 86. 
ttfvfd. 10.000 nds only. F5H- 
slunmnq performance. £8.750 
OrvO. Trl 096277 5451. 

manual, del mites onb-. 8 seal 
family csUlc. Ftp rltHIne red. 
£3.000. Tel: 0452 2725*6 T 
G w«l. 17.000 mu. Factory 
ar raid. Cambrian Gw. 

C13JOO. 0880 291648 Ih'CTrtl 
5 speed 1 7.000 nh. Chamiox 
White Cl 2-950. Tel: 0233 
77608 .KmlMTi 

naan las free vile* wniw. 
D A A main dealer. 061 224 

SUZUKI HEP to Whim hnrdioa. 
unnur cootUL WHO or Dm 
oiler Tel Ol 730 3236 dasrs. 

CMawOkL FSH. 38,000 

IMS £27,560 

BS B 944 AUTO G/Rad. ESR. 

12.000 rMs £17,495 

83 A 944 Mocca. SR F/spo8er. 

FSH. 26,000 mis £13495 


Bpactal adtfan. al Whte. FSH. 

18.000 m« £7,495 


or 01-5003585 


TEL: (058086) 773 or 653 

UNTIL 6.30 pm 

hurst GREEN 


84 'A Range Rover Auto. Bolt 
V Pads ib. PAS. diws. met etc 
2&500IMS £11585 

83 'A* (tone Romtoi Vogue, bfae 
law M500 mb £10.935 
Ne* Range Rover Vogues **o/msu*! 
far August ddiwfy • Irom sudr 

IfaMnwCNto* 1 
BtaHIcB ABes UM 
■mtslert, Ctesfare 
T* 8585 3525 


Ait makes. Best prices 

Barry Hafliday 

Autosearth (UK) UO. Hertford 

1983, B pack option 

FnMHt In meWOic BgM blue, fined 
sunroof, bmp guard, nw ber. stereo, 
ewdfart all round otAIkhl 


Efac VAnJows. Cental tacton 
48JB0 ab. FSH. Bran 1 10585 
C Reft 11.000 mb Dec umcotn 
Bui bat. Lamo gwrts. OuU stereo 
Soots Me Cm OM ow £14300. 
Bargar £11595. 

Courts Garages 
0344 428220 
Sunday 0836 586509 

txrom «X7 HURL Y reg. 

Loiriy condition. FSH. 99.000 
mh. Offers o'er Cft.OOO 0727 
4O806 H 41241 W SI ABmtS. 

lered. auto or manual with air 
raid. Ufa and BHD Iran 
Cl 2.950 Shane 0282 317640. 


Red. 17.800 mK many extras 
plus Auto Plan. FSH. £12.000 
Can Banoury BS172 

QUICK SALE slltrr Poto. 1984. 
9.000 nuk» 55.760 dim «Oi 
488 B322 iHI 727 5990 
SCL 1973- Rmotaied. £3.998. 
Drtafb 0974 SUOS iw aww 
BETTCfl PRICE 028*48813 


PEUGEOT 205' s and family n 
tain wanlrd. KaUanwid* ptt 
UB- Ot 346 9983 349 3600 r 
TOPC4SH lamut . enm or ouai- 
111 ram Any jt*r or rendition 
Ol 671 3698 anytime 





Co ntact Tim Btofc* 
(0277) 233119 




01-427 4993/4 





sues * srancE - puns 


Tel: 01-462 1211/2 


635 CSJ ISffi Champagne, 
Beige leather. Knitted stop 

tfiff £21599 

73S 1985 C Reg. Cham- 
pagne. Usual extras £19399 
7281 1385 C Reg. Potans 
Silver, very senaWe£14,fi99 
32QS Mo 1984. Metallic 
BurguraJy, alloy 

wheels. — £8,499 

Contact Brian Jotosoa. 

Bristol Street Motors, 
Bristol SL B'Ham 
021-622 2777 

BMW 5251 Oct 85. while with an- 

Ihrarilr Ini . imlrd wtndowv 

blarl- dm r*rc Vroof. twatod 
door mirror, & wanen. head, 
lamp w w. on board compuwr. 
clrc window,, c locking, al- 
loys. quad since casseli? 
svMmt. cm and. front t, rear 
spoMcrs 1 1.000 mb Under 
Warranty mi Orl 86. £13.000 
•04531 366133 Mm 630 Ml 

735 SC A Mvtaflir uronzr with 
bngr l run RcoKicrcd t 8 86 

List Pncr £27.000 Fulls: Spec, 
tnr air rondluoning ♦ eMclnc 
scat memory. Orrlnr glass roof 
and rmmr rear seals. A\au- 
end July. Essex loralmn 
One Dos ate owner. 18.000 
7SO ono Rinq 
w Oils. Ol 488 0349. 

BJfcW. 323} MANUAL B red 
Mairti 86 1 dark red AnUirarur 
h nmor 2 door MSB. Stereo 
radio rastnie Alloy wheels, 
anti Ihrlt act ice. Snorts Susnm. 
non 63.000 mites One owner. 
inunacuLKp condition. £8.600 
or lusher otto. Trt 0934 28053 
eirtuo9i and weekends. 

3181 4 door Immarulat*. H-rma 
red wnn Mark Mnnn Ren May 
84. F r Sunshine roof, alloy 
wheels new lyri-i. spodl^iti. 
eler Minnows, rear spoiler. On. 
iral lorhino. Pioneer radio 
rawetle. 50.000 mfc ES.9EO 
Tel 021 358 0411 reset) D2l 
368 2*3* •w.kdassl 

BMW 3201 1984. 2 door, taw 
mileage 1 owner. FSH. many 
extras inrfudmg s roof, alloy 
wheels, low profile lyres, 
irrranr seats. LSD. central WCk 
inq. cm mirrors, radio . 
rasMdle. etec acndl. lady drrser 
Bargain £7.650 ONO. Trt 0742 

72M MelalDr Grey X reg Auto 
malir all extra? including an- 
condHWnnig. £4900 ono 
Phone Ol 940718Sdayiunror 
546 OlCO escs w ends 

BMW 7351 Not ernher BO. ineial- 
|k blue with Mur interior. FSH. 
in exrefleni condition. £3.950 
Trl.Ol 361 6323 






Tet ton 7M60/7W8 

88M 531 Mi 1984 K Crashed in 
mfflftc tujjcfty S iced rftb 
imniMxturar's sinnxM. At 
srtiests. raio cassette, power stny- 
mp. cmM todnnp A Mtd atoMrc 
wtxtows 16.480 wanantad mMes. a 
local i-mm or m mtne 
andrTDR IUB 

BRW 32R Mato 1983 Y. finsled n 
ivory & fiend with u mn ta rt ior's 
moot, raao casselfa i Med 
wndoM 33 POO rules, m omnacu- 
Me antnm. OA5S. 

MW 316 ISSSCfintowdMflWhM- 
te sMver & toed •* 
man£aow8r t suund, raifio cas* 
ofio & t*md windows. Wanted 
5380 min ody. i local 1-omer 

M ohared wft 12 mom pwB ft 
Mov wo mkb wMBdy Px 
CansdBad at Bo* Baa 

na CAB C Pea WetHUC 
Utter Mark. LHD. 12-000 
mUn. PAS. aftoy wheeto. LP 
tyres. BUupunki sieeeo. fun ul- 
trasonic alarm, rtecinc mrron. 
unird windows. FSH. imreacu- 
We £11.000 ooo. Phone 01- 
482 2488. 

329 Manual B Reg. APT 86. 
Black. Dfc Q(V Int- 4 Door. 
Central Locking. Electric Sun- 
roof. Serro/Radhs/ Cassette. 
Alloy Wheels. 1 2 XTO MUes. I 
Owner. Immaculale Condition 
£11.195 Trt: 101 Ol -6200116 
or I hi Ol -788-3825 

528 ert X Reg 1982. automatic, 
red lude uphowry. Metro syv 
lem. BMW main dealer serxiced 
A recently. 43X00 nW. Very 
iman Iasi rwr. Eacefteru cond. 
Quin. sale. £9.025 Trt 1 08444) 
(O) 5258 Exes 3319 

7321 Auto. 82 Y. Directors Car. 
Silver met. Hue velour, ele c tri c 
sunroof * windows, ahoy 
wheels, rear spotter, ancon, 
cruise control. computer. 
BUupunkl rad csssrtle. £6.760 
ono Trt -10444 1 66761 

M635 IMS. Cosmos Mue. 5.000 
miles- Air cond. then alarm. 
Pioneer radio cassette Cher- 
•shed number available Fird 
class unmarked cora himn 
£28.500 Tel: 0825 87 23 69 Of- 
fice hours: home 0323 898307. 

3261 April 86. xmnober. anthra- 
cite. 2000 miles. 2 door, snorts 
pack, elec winds, sroof. stereo. 
im. mi mar rood, bww, al- 
loys. £13^00. Esher 66000. 

63S CS4 Aum. Green. Registered 
June 1981 1 owner. 66X00 

miles £6X00 Trfc Seven Oaks 

107321 882365 

r2SIMaT8l. Auw Mrtallte Blue 
56X00 MK S roof. Ptooccr 
Stereo VGC £4.400 ono. Ol 
997 4920 sOl 0896 70383 iHl 

Aug 82. Aula. 

34 OOO mis. Many extras. Per- 
fect condition. £6.750 ono. Trt 
Esher 105721 66571 
Mrt Green. 31. Extras. 

Inraur MIL Reg. No Tax 4 
MOT CS.996. Ten Ot JS8S-a976 

316 1984, Mue. exnileM cond. 
£5.750 odd. Mttdsiooe <0622) 
812938 IML 01463 0S26 IWJ. 
NEW BMW ’ S - All models lo or- 
drr J20T In Mock Large 
discounts. Tel 0227 793010 ITI 

B320 WMN 

Res. u- n 

84 3201 4 DOOR 

Bnanty/AnOnoaJ MSR. Wft. 
sfojs, S5ETBC, aooo mis, fSH, 

vns uvm ajsn 

TEL: 0438 813069 

BWf 5281 1985 

Whits, colour coded wSh recao 

seals, extras nchidB elec 

aindoBs. elec sw rod. Bl ® l * ,or 
mtoTPts, central todanfl, 
wheels, radio sterso 

. 19.000 mies orty, FSH. 


ColehillGaage. Wntone. 

Oonet B2S2 U1M5 


■MBPS PtSTAIfT VahWhorw n*- 
Uonwidr. Cad •« 

on 0462 23466 m 
WANTED BM W'S 1978-1906 for 
"Sl!?bS25rfrt:OI B084B46 
or settle for lesa. 


911 SC TANGA 1979 Metal Ur 
BMC*. FSH. EWTlIM coodl- 
uon. £9.960. Trt- Ol 749 6467 
eves wkeods 
944 *BS (BJ. 15X00 mb. Guards 
Red. Warranted- £16^00. Tat 
041 639 2940 tMOO). 

924 LUX 81 pewttr metatttc- sun 
roof, nceoent cond. F SH 
G&250. Trt 0277 252078. 
934 LUX. Metallic blue. 30.000 
fid lea Reg No VW l. asms- 
C9.450 Trt 031 23S 1118. 
924UUX AReg. iSXOOhds-Bed. 
Pec t roof, rad casLaunii 
rtr. £10.750 084421 2097 
PORSCNC 944 BUCK tOrtMtte. 
Sun roof. FSH. V W £10X60 
Tel: 1090731 63*83. 

*11 SC SBONT 83. IMQDito 
mrt Slate Mue. £18.950. TH of' 
new houri 0246 262194. 


500 SCC (19B4L Astral Saver. 
Msw le»h*r . A. con. LBS. 

ESR. C/C. allays. Becker, 
owner, full htstary. £25.960 
Nornvmd (Bromley) LKL 01 
460 8888. Sun 0689 24936. 



f lli ii 

1985 Carrera Spon 
Cabriolet, White Turbo 
bodywork, Grey teathar 
interior, 17.000 mfies. 


Guards Red. Black Cloth. 
S/Roof. POM. 16,000 mites. 
FSH. Can onW_be described 
as new. £11,295. 

12 months warranty 

0702 354478 fl) 

83 (A). Zinc metallic. 

24.000 mis. 1 owner. 
£19,750 ono. 

82 (Y). Black. FSH. 

39.000 mis. £16350. 

924 84 (A). Black. Bee 
sunroof. Power/Cass. 

21.000 mis. 1 owner. 
FSH. £9,500 ono. 

01-938 1406 (I) 

928S Midi 

1985. Guards red. black leather 
trim, piped in red. wide track, 
full stereo system, sntd. 
6^300 mites. 

Tbtecarte n i if ytM aj g 


i(Ma for safa) 

;04«1 STMT 
Tfcaa aftar. 0706 3SS 807 

944 LUX AUTO IMS April (BX 
8.400 mlcs. C.Rrd. Uhr. & 
Seats. EMc. S.RCXX Windows 
Air Com. Alarm. PAS. Stereo. 
PT» WhecB. Excellent. 

£17.800. ONO. 108921 
47683 48384 

944 MANUAL l985.Saohire Me- 
tallic ESR. POM. rtc. Porche 
Warranty up 10 Jan 87. 20.000 
mile*. FSH with AFN. £16.000 
Trt: 0483 27508* outer or 
030 679 300 Home 

944 LUX. April 1986 (Cl Red. 
Ory MMtrtpe mierlor. Extras 
Ino Air Cond A tow profiles, 
pmalr SNe £19.750 Oxford 
<08661 891 190 or 08*4 63141 

F OUOn CARRERA 911 84 C. 

Turbo Dody. Black black leant- 
•T. 6000 miles- As new.- 
£3 2.000 no dealers. 
Trt: 0251 26 4630 

912 TANGA 1963 
model. X regtatrallon. 60.000 
nutes. ridi service nolory, nrat 
class Coadltton. One driver. 
£19.700. TrtX273 739620 

921 SR Auto I9M. Light brorae 
mrtaltk. brtge Interior Hirt. 
7.000 IMM only. Major service 
hat completed by wn Anthony. 
£27.000. TH.-0782 614872 

944 B Reg. SWI under Makers 
Guarantee. FSH. PDM. 74.000 
ml lev Radio. Cassette Stereo 
£14X00 ono. Trt. Ol 7TB 9666 

924 LUX White (986 C Reg. 
7X00 itdv sports seats, esr. 
pdm. s tereo cassette. fsh. 
bpmac. £12.950. 0392 68644 

911 TURBO 3.3 Rie. 1 
saver. FSH. >978. 
22.000 mites. £21.000. 
ConUCI Ol 937 4743 

PORSCNC 911 Carrera sports 
Cabrtoirt. not. 29X00 nutes. A 
leg. FSH. £22.000. ono (Ol Ol 
406 3339. IH5 Ol 731 4064 

911 S 79/7, red. vgc. ». ro 
£7.750 ono. 0836-209916. 

SM LUX AulO. 83 V. Mack. 

31.000 mftev Mack A white 
piimrlpe inkrtor. radio, wtual 
service luM ronertrted. CB2 SO 
Sig IHtme 0304 830663 or of- 
fice 0843 68*8*8. 

•11 TURBO. 1981. 22X00 miles. 
Rosewood tan leather. FSH. 
LSD. PDM. Alarm, private 
pUle. offers around £35.000 
Tel: 089288 2823. 2022 or Ol 

493 9090 X 347. 

Buck. Tints, rtee seats, remote 
alarm, nanasonir radio cassette, 
low rnUeage. mini raid. 
£22.800. Trt. 061 330 8966 
911 •PORT COUPE 81 Mod Reg 
Dec 80 204 BH P OP W hile. 
FSH 60.100 m». Rrcetd tyres. 
Radio phone « CI3.WTO. 
Grange can 0642 674386. 

•11 TURBO Red ~n FSH mow 
%*hau» rebuild New. 
Turbo furl injection. Seteet 
reg. Tyre* near new Suncrh 
raid £15X60 (02621 72826. 
CAHHIRA COUPE 96 mod. reg 
Oct BS. Low mileage, extras. 
SrJOO Trt 021 358 2*36 
w days. Q2I 368 0*11 evrv 
PORSCMC *44 White. 1 owner, 
lull nWory. 1986 <BI £16ei9B. 
in fry Dole Honda. Exeter 
219141. _ 

911 sc sport cow**, iwrav 

leg. 204 BHP Dort mw nw 

64.000 ihfa. FSH Unmaculalrl 
£14.730. Trt. 0622 961988. 

230 E AUTO 

3£58n98 only. Diamond Bus. 
' ‘ POA 

190 E 1866 AUTO. Nautical 
Blue. 18,000 mb. 

Sunroof £11699 

Chotea of 4 1985 Models 

from £11 .499 

190 0 OteseL Chotea of 2. 
1985 C. 1888. Fram.£11^99 
500 SB. 1984. 1 owner. FuB 
servioe history £22399 

Cmtzd Brin J ohaso B 
Bristol SI Motors, Bridot SL 

BTmbl BZ1-622 2777 


CARDIFF (0222) 

a flBhwy INOBT Ody. Md 

Star nth baBpny im Bind u 


3M SK IS It Mectte Stat tta tall 
Hue grw taoor. ABS. A«. mart o Vm 

etas FSH. onnd * £HS9S 

aa S£ a A Made bfae tab bta grty 
doth. Sural Rate ana. fsh m 

md a nuss 

Mi 5 tat UM tojpgr ewi tae 
rttcl E>nm FSH OUertd « 
Z. M 


1983 Mercedes 
Benz 380SE 

Sfyer bUe raatefic. glee s/root. 
cnee control, auto tratsmssun. 
25.750 mB - £17550. 

Tel: Mr. Garnham 
01-693 2277 
w/days between 
9.00am - 5.00pm 


1982 Y ta. Metaffe Ugh 
Own, ABS Brakes, Cruse 
Comnrt. BueMc Sunroof. New 
Tyres, Stereo Cassette Radio. 
Man u red In Fes Ctess 
C12J9S . 

Tit 021 772 7977 (of&cates) 

SAVE £3,080 
NEW 501 SB. 1888 

lafaS madd utwg'd. dtft inty 
. £uoy codanaOte sxtra. 
Maud owns to • 
i safalxtog rajared. 

Tri (9533) 5S70H 

MBRGXDCS 239 IX fErtaic) Sep- 
tember 83. A Reg- Petrol blue 
wuh Mue Interior, electric win 
How®, sunroof . rear racing seat) 
etc- Superb condition. SSjOOO 
miles. | owner from new. 
£ I aooo Trt: *02701 830395 
<M> or 10782} 616142 IO) 

HUC11MS 230C Aute. A reg. 
Grey, very 9°od cundttkm 
ttmiughout. Fid service histo- 
ry Extras include Sun roof, 
afloy wheels etc. 58.000 mites, 
hence only £7-660. Trt:020b 
2 1 0806 .< Colchester >- 

MERCEDES 380 SL Jan 84. A 
Reg. Kory with brown Interior, 
alloy wheels, crone control, im- 
maculate condition. 28000 
mite*. 1 owner from new. 
£21.60 0 Trt : <02701 820395 
IHI Or (07821 615142 CO) 

230 TE Estate. 82 auto, s, roof. 
23.000 ims. 1 ownr. £7.900. 
Bristol (02721 736886 

MCRTCDES 200 SEL Anl grey 
mrtaiuc. A reg 198*. excellent 
condition, auto, climate control. 
Becker radio cassette, many 
other extras. 16.000 mites. 
£16 .8sa Day Ol 831 9941 
Eves Ol 637 9698. 

JSOSL Auto. Stiver drey, blue 
l run. 600SL styling. FSH. 
HRW. cruise. RAD CAS. etec 
windows, alloy wheels, tints, 
spolters. mirrors, wash wipe, 
priv reg. *3.000 mK Part ex 
£10600. 0284 63762 (Tl. 

Y REG 300 SCC Metallic grey. 
Mue leather trim. ABS. sun 
roof, alloys, stereo. fuB service 
history. MAA Warranty. 
£19.996 with discount tor no 
p ex. Tel LRM. 0T33 67I7T. 
Kings Cross 1 hour. 

05 C 1*0 C 2-3-19 Mue black. 

11.000 mites. Leather. Stereo. 
AH extras. £21.950 Trt 0843 
690017 Day. 0843 89498 Eve- 
Mop Weekends 

1006 C M ER CEDES 2306. New 
shape. Dia Mue. aofo. ESR. 
E W. Centre armmL rad. cm. 

5.000 mites. £17300 Tel: 
Ralnlord t OTAA881 3464.T 

190 EMC. Auto Blur Stack 
MeL 4.900 mK Fun Zendcr 
body. ESR. 7- BBS ahoys. P7 
tyres. ABS Nal pan sound. 
TIMS C16.600. 0744 26810 T 
80 1L 1983 (Al TMslIe Met. 

28.000 Miles. ABS. Cruise. Al- 
loys. F5M Stereo lady Owner 
£20.480 ono Trl: 0936-812781 
■hi or 0963-250259 lot 

100 19S5 C Astral niter, grey 
Inm. 15.000 mK. ESR. AO oy 
whrrts. Tins 6 speed. 
£11.000 Trt. 021 664 5166. 
80 CX V Reg. AMO. Mel. goM. 
42.760 nv. Ear. EW. alloys. SK. 
exretleni cond. £6.950 Home 
436 3460. oilier 636 9701. 
200 M(C] W124. Silver Mue 
doth. ESR. 6 speed manual, as 
new. S.OOO miles. £13.760. 
0202 874918 

1H12J18 VALVE 100 mi tat 
1986 (Si. L’K supplied. 
G21.950 Uiery Dote Honda. 

Carter 218141. 

Blue, hard son top 78.000 mK 
with sen ire history . Superb ex 
ample. C7.9SO Ol 204 7746 

1902 X REG MERC E D E S 200 SB 

Onrai red. 49000 mites, full 
sprrHtealton. Cl 1 .450. 081 

6388226 T 

30* May 85. Dtamong Mur mrl 
low mh. many extras. £17.660. 
For details 041 637 1077. 

290 TV 82 Lapis, rsira* ABS. 
ew. FSH. sr rtc 44.000 mile, 
£94160 Tel 016814 1 78. T. 

90 T ESTATE X reg While 
66.090 mh. ten mac. S R. 
C5.996. Trt 07375 56605 T. 
20OT ESTATES root Many ex- 
Iras 2 owners 82 model. 
C5.360. Tel 0273 502517 iTL 


M MC riRta of eakpr 
SM a todca M colon 

SfanM red upmh hM* 

Dean. UBS. 

MSttUUi ~ 

Mi XL Sfana red, 1 
2M"1l r 
2M( D 

■m i 2>1i SRx*a tamr 

t* C Auto Stota f«a NC 


Mi IK White 
SM «. iwh <y anOoraeto 
IM E Cfm ef CMfita 
Ml 9 Iteul NC. teen. ixoODtaa 
M dark mtk. air con. EfK. 


■ R Itaouafete P hNteJB inter . 
6 door. I nn are d*ay or oon- 



Backer Maxlca 


prates etc. tetpnot 

SMrtMtt * TV fin Make 

Windsor 861547 

TX MM82 

1979 wacoes 
350 SL Sports 

Only 48.000 oites from new, FSH. 
Hart and soft tops, moil extras, 
uttfamataf tneoOc fix am 
wth treuUtuI Tbi ttate. 


Ml 133 (7) 

390 SL 


Frist r Bon tt red 2nd Aprl 86. 
GOO inues only. Otenpagna. 
Etoanc motions. Mr satis. 
BauuM rado / canto 
ABS. Onto control. 

TdH706 624986 tone 
TitMl G53 <384 oflfct 

19B0. 40.000 
mites, metallic crystal blue, 
air conditioning, cruse control 
electric root. Etergo. alloy 
wheels, raxed, totally bruiuni 
late. £6998. Teh Coventry 
(02031 411486. 

230* WI24 peris, astral stiver. 

March 86. 6000 . miles. ESR. 

ESW. auto, allays. CAR. HWW. 

Mack doth trim. £1200 stereo. 

£16.960. Tat: 0632 688718. 

dn. 0632 690163. met. 

MGR GT LE- -W reg. Complete 

protTestonal re-OuUd. including 
2 Utre engine, watnut trim. 
Leather uphotsiery. radio 
setle. 2-600 mflep. £8.760. 
T«:OI 778 8928. W. days 

380 SEL Aug 86 C reg. Diamond 
Blue. Mue vetor im. Etec sun 
roof and windows (tutted) 
Orthop seat, one owner. FSH. 
32600 mites. Exceltent condi- 
tion £21.750. T: 0277 911096 

230 E Auto. May 83. champagne 
with Mack InL ABS. Blaupunki 
stereo. FSH. 36000 mites. Im- 
peccable. i owner. £8-280 
iwday eves) 01-789 H71 

MERCEDES 560 SCL June 86 
Diamond Mue. Blue velour. 
Many extras. 800 miles ooty. 
£32.000 No 
TM:02S126 4630 

Y rag 1993. 

Blue automatic, sunroof, cruise 
control. aOOy whceK and other 
extras. £7.760. Tel: 0272 

S9B2 BM RCn iC S 230 CC Dec 

•V. Petrol green, electric win- 
dows and sunroof. A Boy 
wheels. 28.000 mites. BB.BOO 
ooo. Tet 01778 8928 W. days 

SOO ssl Rag nov as. steel Mue. 
Mue vetour. 13.000 nh ESR. 
ACFE seats, stereo, anil I heft 
warning. £28.760 Tel: 0429 
2T|477 lOfncc Hours! 

500 SL 1986 Brag. 18.000 mttea. 
tmmacuiate condition. B mtto 
MB warranty. FSH. £26600. 
Ten 021 422 8611 off or 021 
422 5786 Eves * W. ends 

200 SL COUPE c ren rmr ux 

Reg. Stage, hood brown, auto- 
matic. one owner, private sate 
25.000 mites, r 6.900. Tel 
0823 400 422. 

200CE November 82. eleef dot 
winds- auto. PAS. alloys, spoil- 
er. air cond. £11.000. Tel: Ol 
603 9329 (HI 0933 679600 (W) 

230 C XOS4 AUTO Metallic Blue, 
sunroof. 19.000 miles. FSH. 
£9.595. 0243 862836 (Eves) 
0243 822181 (Day) 

»0C 1904 White. Auto. E T 
windows & E s • roof . 8.000 mK. 
t lady owner £11-600. Almost 
new. Tel: 0273 23746. 


48.000 mites one owner attdng 
price C1LOOO. P le ase phone 
06266 24066 or 061 2369294 

05 SOO si Maganese Drome fun 
Ithr. rear seals. 14-000 mis. as 
new I titled owner £27.000 tin 
London today) 061 639 6782 

SOO SCC Lapis Blue. 42000 
tmtas. lmmac April 84. 
£26.950. Office 10*94) 448 681 



Mercedes Benz main 
dealers. Underwriters 
for late and low mile- 
age Mercedes. 



ON B70S 2351 1. 



360 480 SL- London area. 
Cash waiting, tor nkr car. No 
dealers. ToCFarnborough 
iKntli 51119 


XJ8HE A Reg. 1983. met . brown. 

beige toalher. ciecuic windows. 
Mr cond. stereo, c a asrtle. FSH.' 
exert lent condUlon. ex-dtrecMrs 
or. z owner. £1 IjODO. Tel: Ol 
661 '234 1 

JAGUAR XJS. BUCK roof. While 
body. One owner. hapeCCttiy 
maintained tn cxecUenl condi- 
tion. Htgo RtlleaOh. Ttrel £3 l 300 
srotnra. Trt <02*034) 330*. - 

VUCARRMLET With rear seats, 
special wtieets etc. AOOO miles 
C26.950- anly. Oumteo & Co 
Q21 449 61 IS or 03643 3100 
week e nds. 

XJO «2 sulo. X Reg. met brawn, 
beige toaUtcr. e.wtmtk stereo. 
« c. power steering . nnar 
cond. v .tow m il e — e. many ex- 
tras. CS.6SO- Ol 560 4248. 

4.700 mttes. CMtsl Leather In- 
terior fsh Available. 
Immaculate- £22.760. Private 
Sale. Tcfc 021 471 2187 

X1S ME 04 V laooo rata, l own- 
«. Aatetope. FSH. as new.J 
£16.996. Rtchard Motors 021 
643 3336. 

CABRIOLET V12. C reg. 6,000 
mh. Srtirtng red. £22.996. 
Richard Motors 021 643 3338. 

3*00 M3 JMWV 4 S. 1986. 
cam. Doe. £16.998. 

Richard Motors 021 643 3338. 

Beautiful speomon tn racing 
gr e en wftb doe sW» hide. 
11.000 mHes. mint condlDon. 
offers around £11.000. Trt 
0923 775303. 

XIS BE 1983 wo, rhddtum 
silver Mue feather. Low irtte- 
age. many extra's ind phono. 
AS new. warranty odd FSH. 
£22000 OhO. 01447 2997. 
XJS 42 tWO 04. 29000 Mb. 
FSH. Briar, lust serviced, so- 
pSb. CTJBBO. Ol 242 0012 T. 

XJ 6 3.4 AUTO 
1981 (W). 
Ntoioon; immacutetu, 

.;. 29,000 mites. 

S.OOO ooo 

0323 768 080 (day) 
04243 2225 (eves) T 

•v. 28.000 mis. Cobalt Bhw 
wiifi DoedUh leather. Air coo. 
C&500. Tel! 0572 64323. 

1973 (Ml Azure Mur ua intert- 
dr, FSH £13.996. Ol 306 6252 
Office. Ol £08 1990 Home. T 
MGUAR/MMLER 1981/86. 
atokh of *5 wool* range. 
C4J96-E19JXM. EsL 19 years. 
PX. Tel 01-564 9933 C*t* m. 


reg. 84 mod. Bwsky met Bed 
with Tan Mde btm- Total spec. 
FSH. £10460. 01 890 9066 T. 
VIZ E TVp« tWL 2*2. red. auto. 

62000 nUL VOC. -1 owner' tin 

1973., £6.900: 0030 71382. 
XJS IK AuIkY rag. Maroon with 

hide bu. 66000 mta Mtrs car. 

S9.90a T«l; Ot 660 4374. 


OUT SALMON- reg BY* your Jag- 

uar OUmier (unttar 20.000 

mites). : i m me d iate decKton. 
hankers draft natio n wide cM- 

tacSoo. Tet Maxx Lewto 01-598 

4222 Sunday 0836402966 



UNDID CoM BteBbcat 
toator. 19,000 iHMrted 
rates. M hatoiy^CISJBt 

UWH Aora .cobrtt flue, 
Doeskai toritoK. 1 owner. 

Orty 5.000 Tocorted taiex 

tepnr mat 





/AGU'A^B' M /AGUAR ' ON 0734 58501 1 



*£1980. Sage green/ 

dO9todn.2fiM0mta.PBH £1*990 

JMMIAR SOVCRBQtt V12 1984k Sage green/ 

doeskin, 23^00 mta. FSH .£19,999 

JAGUAR SOVERBON 4L8 1984. Cobatttifue/ 

his blue doth, c/c, 29.000 miles, FSH £18^889 

JAGUAR 80VRM9QN 4A 1988. Racing green 

mafe/twnit. 21 J00 mta, FSH. £18(989 

JAGUARSQVEmmvia 1988. Regent grey/savffe. 

JAGUAR SQWIRBQN 4* 1988. Cota Mue/tart? 

5,000 mta. £191500 

JAGUAR SOVERBON Vis 1884. Regent grey/ 

doetodn.29AOOmtaF5H £14,999 

mo<lol).SebrinBred/magnote. 7^00 mta. .£28^900 
JAGUAR XJS V12CABnOLET 1888. Regent grey/ 

savffla, 5.000 mta £24^05 

StmdaycoB novHoytorat on 0954 80685. 



Cfie ny l ta viBo i HtCooibrMBO. 
1U: (0223) 249211 


When you buy a tocuy preowned or from the Jaguar Approved Used 
Cars Programme ft means we S*ig - you\e tome to a decision only the 
best will do. 

And for that reason m indude RAC membersh^ In the amprchensiue 
package offered. 

we feel the RACs expertise in rej»t reewey and rescue alongside 
their tedmfca! knowied^ of motoring at home and abroad Is thepefed 

cwnpiemsnt to cur own ewe; which Induttes part^ labom 
overnight aaooimnocfatlon, repboanent vehkle rental and Iq?] costs 
when appropriate. 

babied technicians, so the chan® are it's cover yam never need louse. 

Bid take ttasas&ithalQurunriwfied sente doesirtsfi??wtei 
your motoring pleasure begins. 


lift* MMKV - 

««* fe-.«rui:^a « - ; i -* - : ' 

«h«a *d»*«r * ; ■ « - •■• * 

* ’ ; ’ Ki * ’ 

lOMWF-i* * 1 lfc:-= - • ’■ 

■■; tlu 

9*»**J**' : ‘ 

mm. » uJ T - , ' ■« ■:%! 

*** wM * -H ** ‘ 

ihr. '•'• '■ • *- j: 



-*F* f ' - 

-■*-? -f - 


f r<X* 

* ! 





Your first Rolls-Royce. 

Ail Warranted motor cars are offered exclusively by the authorised Rolls-Royce and Bentley dealers of Great Britain. 

for the finest used cars 
choose Mann Egerton. 

1970 RoUfr-Rovet Phantom 
VL Midnight Bluetkcv 87U 
miles: POA 

1986 Rolls-Royce Comic he 
Convertible. Ice Green/ 
Otampagnr: Mjnv extras; 760 
miles; £89,950 

1985 Bentley Mulsanne 
Turbo *R\ Deep Octan/Bcfer: 
6322 miles: £66,950 

1984 (B) Bentley Mulsanne 
Turbo. Deep Ocean BIuc'Beigr: 
9.500 mile* £48.750 

J 1984 Rolls-Royce Silver 
; A Spirit. C<x?l/Bc$e: 8J300 nule* 

1984 Rotts-Royce Silver 
Spirit. CxMswofci Beige: Brown 
Etvrik’v/Dark Brown? 18300 
miles: £44,950 

' 1984 RoUs-Royce SOver 
Spirit. Light Ocean/Dark Brcsvru 
22J50 irbfe* £43,950 

1977 Rolls-Royce Camargue. 
Laurel Gnewt/Tan: 5300 miles; 

1982 Rotts-Royce Silver 
Spirit. Light Ovster/Red: i 2.000 
miles: £34,950 ‘ 

1980 Rolls-Royce SOver ’ 
Shadow II. CUnt/Bcfe.-: 5300 
mini £32,750 

1979 Rolls-Royce Silver 
Shadow J j. Ladfafctw Blue-' 
Beige: 28350 ituWk £23300 

1978 RoOs-Royce Silver 
Shadow IT. Honcv/IXntc Brown: 
44300 nule* £17,450 

Lor further deads please nng us on 01-499 8342. 


■ intt trend Bvsrflbx root. Dope W*. 

■umL fsr auno iWT&jsa. 

Itnm <WI (VI Mb goal Dram 2 owner* fSHtaja. 
JMWiSMipttntfwiMW Le nuns Mue. htM/jey 


W1 X SSlHyca SBaw a 

U« piped Mm. has top wB 6 tara 


FSH, 29,000 mbs only. 

an ttam floyca Hnr Shadwr R art any OWf pram* Hue hkn/gm 

Mb. Mr tap £ hue rota, tut head rests, infer «UEfl rotas. 



r I ChasMt wOi Mqb Mb mt n brown. 24300 





1979 SB.VER 

Wainut over Mason's Uath m8i Tan 
tide nterior. Orty 29,000 roles. l 
| owner Rtf factory hslosy tram new. 
tmfnacuteB* condition. 


1977 (S) SALVED 

Brewster Groan wWi date green 
ntenar. ASJX30 rmies. Supaft 
- coodnin ttmu^ntf 

F14,95fl v.-ir- 

Fatoner [62816) 3402 (T) 

74 nJUHED ARCH Silver SIMd 
o ui. 48.000 milrv lull hrttoty. 
Rrflfncv. _ Bronze. Magnolia 
HU,. Urtoue Car. WMWiUc. 
£10390 Tel. 07S2 680635 

SILVER SHUT 1981 CHesuniL 
Drive hide trim. 49.000 mUev 
£25.995. Tel: Ot-«tf7 7903 
idaytlmel 01-467 3*61 


8JSOO miles only. Snare wh*»l 
A ashiravv unwed. Cott^oM 
Brtge Dk Brown Ini. £32.700. 
Tel: 0603 810204 T. 

Honey Gold over Silver Sand, 
mien or Brown piped with Tan. 
61.000 rote PSH. Immaculate. 
£18.750. Tel: OS 46 32192. 

1974 SHADOW I 

History avaBabte. 
seychefle Wue. stereo, 
very good condition. 


Guildford 502 504 


May-4965, in -mason bbdrvnth 
ban hide, rap 6 bottom rote, 
15,750 nrles, complete wth Rk- 
ptane ant service fastory. 

Til Bob Bsaitl 
Office 0708 23511, 

Sow B702 73408.T. 

64 JAMES YOUNOPV Totally re 
Komi. oxford blue, corktaR bar 
err. PX raoaM- 
errd Tel Ol 992 7513.T 

R TYPE. 1964. Black over dirt. 
Levs than 30X00 ml* from 
new. Siored lor m any ye ars. 

X 13.500. Tel: 10860) 373760 T. 
78 SHADOW I Peacock Mue over 
Caribbean Wue- Tam hide Some 
history. £9.960 Tel: Ol 9T7 
ESSt wrfc«KH 0262 837192 T 
nor ia hd dd.M t -38X00 
FSH. £36X00 08832 6T49 T. 

Suva snrar m3 

V Reg. Mi. Gaornn Sdnr. 
Gray sverfla roof 4 badges, 
rad peed wth cray Me uproi- 
stary. Red lamtewcd carpets, 
compine wtti dfMMI prone 
infra rad ton system Stereo 
ratfo/cssetie & tadge bar. RR 
detosarawed Lastserocel 
week ago 51.000 irts. Baamtif 
car E«EB0ent bmBBm 


sale £34^75 
5238 (Otto) 

t M4441 523 
(06444) S3W 


Rich manure colour, hill ser- 
vice hinny, previously 
cteuffeured. Acconing to 
Rods service agents: One 
of the better ones". 

Bargain al £1 5,500 
Ring 0879 63224 

SO. VEX SHADOW M. Finished in 
rwo-toneastrakan sand, lull ser- 
vice NUory. ItrU rNHierrt 
1977. two owners from new 
36XSO mllee Genuine reason 
lor tab M uits beautiful car 
£19.995 CDniact Mr JotuMon 
0307 66694. 

SH.VER SHADOW ■ 1978. im- 
maculate..* ntanMar. low 
mllene. carrlbean blue. vln>l 
roof, iwv leather Intenor. lull 
alarm syuem. service rusfory. 
director* car. offers £16.750. 
TH: Ol 629 6612 iweekdays). 

FOR HWtE Giher Sum. fie mime 
or chauffeur. O ther veturta 
available 01-3409280. 7902 T 




Tel: Meopbxm (Kent) 
(0474) 81X498 


The Owners Club U.K. Ltd 


Rolls-Royce Automobiles 


Tafc 01-761 6565/6767 

A uMjue service for the *^**® 8 *™*|® ^ " 1 *enrtoa* 

c fre. pick-up oad defray ond o free valet « »cW. BoJ u 

F« furtber Wonwalion at very competitive prices, pleas* talepboae and apeak to owe of am 

RoHj-Royce treibed teAucim*- 

A ha DOT senrin is ovurfoWe 

r i 




best pet^^m^S^Ptior® 

.» 2 %&***■ 

, - 6 

fie syswn* 

1 — - — M* 
J£*K*a uT~y 
M ° T PK^8000S io 

£ 1,650 



of Sloane Square 

Central London’s premier 
Audl/Volkswagen dealer 
and official Quatfro agent 

214 PAVILION ROAD, LONDON, SWT Tel: 01-730 2131 




WaeMv Ranted (Ex VAT) troFfc " 

VW P6to n £2978 VW Jam C £3838 
VW Gofl C £36.79 VW Jena IX £4159 
VW 6otf ETi £51.70 VW Snocco GT £4^30 
IW Ptotf C £41 JS VW Slracco GTX552.15 

Audi SO a £51.71 

tatf 100 £6422 

Audi 100 CO £74.10 

Audi Quattra £13451 



TEL Mke Dodds on G1 30! 3050 NOW! 

Whitehouse - . Audi ( 

fleet Servicei • : ■/' 1 f 

BlenionRccd Bexley Kent ; > ■_ L.Fwfciwej Users 



78 POKTSttOtmt RO 


let 61-388 3441 



1977 Silver Jubdee Special. 

I less than 2,000 miles. Owned 
by our Chairman from new. 
Otters around £8,750 

0777 705211 Office 

Mast madefs 
araftaUe far 

We also o«o fte toUownff. 


ntoge I8UH 


afidfl.'bU fw*3 _ CSASflf 

0283 56325 

RAT 130 COUPE 1975 

46,000 miles. E3.500 m- 
eluding many new 
spares, workshop man- 
ual, also second car for 

0843 580460. 

1 975 modrt Jn outstanding con 
dlUon. LHD Whlir roach work, 
erram hood Pioneer uere« 1 
year guaranlee. tax. and 
M.O T Only 26.000 miles Of 
nev at 493 6208. Wi Home 
Ol 236 Z7S9. £4.950 

AIMne While Full Black Hide 
Interior Sunroof. Toronto ste- 
reo ASS. Duma! Dash Wide 
AJJoyv £ 18X00 Tel: »hl 0892- 
40941 or ml 01-891-6231 

her 84. Silver 43:000 miles. 5 
sored FSH. £7.660 Ojio. 
Thompson Office hours 0274 
669177 Horne 0536 662619 

GOLF OU CABMO fWi Silver, 
low mueaqe- FSH. stereo, very 
line condltron £4.900. W 
J.FIne 01-431 3319 I Hi: 0276 
7363J lOU 


New 3 6 dr saloons. New con- 
verunies. auio manual In all 
colours al dtsmunt. Immediate 
drill ery. 01 938 1393 1411 T 


litre IE lurbo LX petrol blue. 

7.000 miles, r-eass. remamder 
of 3 year warranty. £12.750. 
061 6 388226 T. 

1977/78 ASTON MARTIN V8 
AUlo. Tankard «rav. 39.000 
miles, private rep No. suberb. 
£9.050 0906 69118 6J073.T 
pnee Phone Graham Uaw 
09o2 64161 Of! or 0703 

600314 Sun eves T 

AUDI QUATTHO Turbo Coupe. 
Maim 85 Drallai dash etc. 
Zefmall- prey leather. Air rood. 
Toronto sirreo Immaruiale 

28.000 mile* £16.600. '0229' 
33788 office 57394 home 

Campaign model. 1984. i lady 
owner 24.000 miles only 
£7.995- Abb unbeatable peats 
on the lull Audi. VW range. 
021 666 7291 

1984 black. 15.000 miles, elec- 
tric windows, stereo, row bar. 1 
owner. FSH. excellent condi- 
tion £7.250. 858 9923 
OT1 C rt Hdd. Unwarned order 
Pewter metallic, black hood. 
Full spec. UK Supplied. Aug 1st 
drill cry. OHm You As 1st 
owner. Ol 244 7634 Anytime 
80 SPORT Red July 1986 Sun- 
roof Alarm Stereo radio, 
bnmarulaie. 57X00 mUes. 
£6 800 ono. Tel Graham an 
0223 61749 Ollier hours 
azon blue. Nov 86. 7.000 miles. 
£12.750. Home 0703 661121 
Offlre 0202 481876 
AUDI COUPE CT 1982 Auto. 
S roof Black. Full suet- 1 di- 
rector owner. £3.7SO. Ol 737 
2026 i Hi 01 278 7266 IW>. 

JACUAR 1MC 3S- Lire saloon. 
Green. W Wheel: UnmacuUle 
£8.000 Tel. 106341 406857 or 
■08431 601621 


r»d htocb • enrome. superb con- 
dition- 1983- only 7.000 miles. 
£6.950 Tel: 04216 65896. 

ALVtS 1932 Speed 2a Charles 
Worth Saloon. Black Perfect 
£16.000 Contact Ol 937 4743 

■NR ROADSTER 1981. 6X00 
miles, mark, excl condition. 
£6.750. Tel 01-262 7700 iDdki 

Mne While. Low Mileage 
Immaculale All Usual Refine 
men is Forced Sale. £10X00 
TeV 061-724-4876 

COLF «r R» (Y> Red. JI.OOO 
miles only, metallic gr e en. 
S roof, excl coml. mot May 87 
£4.000 Telephone 01609 



cancrtien order. 
Odeardo Velour. S R. Air con. 
Aug Del. List. Tel: 0392 
216669 &■ Davids Saab. 


900 GLS ‘83 V. metallic andfe o. 5 
gears radio cmarne. 3 door 
hatchback. FSH. immaculale 1 
owner £2 960 ono For quick 
private sale Tel «060B> 720099 

9000 TURBO IS ACC Avail lor 
D Reg. 9 quart! £17.500 Tel 
OtO 49 61 21 15 17 78 



44 HLW transfer. £700 

Tat 01-708 OdSl. 

/\ T/\ d £2.250 o n o. T el. 
UJU 1 0253 093 720. 
Prlvale Sate. 


Red white hood One owner. 
Excellent condition. £4.960. 
Tel. 221 0485 

VW SOROCCO CIS auio w Reg. 
I owner, silver, sunroof. FSH. 
Immaculale. MOT. lax apt 87 
C2.260 The Lee 1 02 401 20229 
HEW GOLF CTTS * the lull VW 
Audi range at dorounl prices 
Rom ICC 01-20? 8595 
SOROCCO T RC« APR 83 Slh rr 
metallic, mol & lax Immar 
£2.900. Ol 223 4616 after 6pm 


si it in gleaming While, luny 
wax oiled, lull Lev land warran- 
ty. \cry rare purchase. Senoua 
enquires only. Tel: 0632 
605055 man Sal. 9-6 T 
800 JNW reo 1963 Mercedes 
2200. 6 cylinder peirol engine, 
green with while interior Ex- 
cellent rend, n mi ns M OT 
Offers ring 109241 375777 
LOTUS Elan Plus 2 1967 F. Reg. 
Much restoration tempi MOT 
A pgr coaling collector's car. \ 
good working rond. £3.000 ooo 
Tri 0936 73091 aner 7 3Cnm. 
TRIUMPH STAC While manual, 
hard A soft lops. 29.000 mile* 
only, ori^nal rendition inc. 
tyres A- emdnmenl. detailed hb 
ion' £5,950 0978 361475.T 
ALV1S TD 21 1M1 Saloon. 2 
owners. 1 from 21.000 ml*, 
immar read. £3600 work oi - 
730 1935. Home 0306 887838. 
BENTLEY MK VI 1901- Best pod 
war - Say no more. £12.500 01 
730 8066 Mfltt. 01 876 8261 
«i HX Woimani 
DAHHER 250 VS. Bnush racing 
green. 1969. 43 600 mis. End 
original condlt £6.000. Tel Q91 
416 3669 eves. 

lUHMinT 250 VS 1967 One 
owner 58. COO mb. Beige. Red 
leather. Automatic. Good con di- 
ll on. Cl .960 TeL09774 21 959 
lan learner unertor. magndKCM 
example. C19.7S0. 01286 

7221 01-688 9261 

LHD SCTDI >953. totally re- 
stored. red wllh Sdgr Inm. 
absolutely outstanding. 

C12 °50. TH 01 992 7513 T 
MERCEDES 280. 4 sealer con- 
vertible 1967. Fully restored. 
tomprehAWiv* hislery. 

C 1 5.000. 061 428 4895. 

RID 7HS ft Reg- 36.000 Miles 
Brown /While. 5 /Rod. Alloys 
Mint relurtanUy sHL £5 *00 
ono Tel- 029671 2898 Or 4303 


780 Kkigxbarv Rood. 
BkndDCMR) B24 »S 
Tet 021-384 8BSS lou 

1968 280 SL Mercedes, auio. 
H S laps, good example but 
needs some restoration. Taxed 
C7.5O0. TH Amersham 673?. 
ALFA SPBSER Needs rebuild. 
£1X00 Rebuilt 77 Sdder 
£6.850 0*82 28868 6BS014T 


DREAM AT 22,500! 

Rosso ml conndtv' hide 
Ireiher interior, air con- 
diuoninE. new lyres. 
34.000 senuine miles, full 
service hinory. thoasands 
or pounds spent in obom- 
u»s prestige condition ii is 
no* ie 1 981 modd in 
connaaeinTs class. A\ in- 
spection invited. Reluctant 
sale due to arrival of new 
companj car. 

06W 52T74 

1 30494 Rfctfys [l 
ieves/wkeads II 


330 DIO 2+2 
1967 Ferrari bf P w rt a ra. fm- 
■sned n meohe bue w«i hght 
bbe tmrs. Elaine wutoas. 
rado cacmtt. exatat corah- 
inn £18,500 V near otlers 
Tet 01-821 BGB2 dflee 
81-806 2073 


November 84, racing red. 
magnolia tudo with red pip- 
ing, air contfiflorwig, roar 
aerofoil, racOo cassette. 
19.600 maes, FSH. 


Tetophone 01-531 42» 

HOKXDES 300 SE Cabnoirt 
1967 Low mi l ea ge Quite stun 
rung £12.500 »CWbO> 373760 T 
MORRIS 1800. 1070. recond en- 
gine. 7000 miles, excellent 
randiuon TH (OS27i 36143 
(uU spec • Pearlescenl while, 
sunroof, air rend, lull Mother, 
special hi-fi. only 3X00 mdes 
£22.000. Savr over £6.000 an 
new price. 04427 2307. 



UiD White. While leather in- 
terior. Nr» upholstery and 
carpet 14.000 KM. 4.2 litre 
Imar ndie. Soft lop and 
lord I Dp. Excellent condinon. 
A vervexei ting Car*. Owner has 
to srir^ge mg abroad. 

Tel: 0273 739620 

SZ8 C$| AM Coupe. 25X00 
imlet May *84. While with 
Black Piping Radio Cass ette 
tlereo Spollere Back & From 
£15.000 ono. TH 051 644 6811 
•da>> 051 3046376 (eves) 

1977 MASEXAT1 BORA 4.7. Rr 

cent enguie A suspension with 
hbaory. <10 000 mis Corley Mo 

lors. George 9. New Arles*. Nr 
coven try 1 - Works. 0676 41393 

Black. 11.000 miles £14.500. 
contact Ol 937 4743 

LOTUS XL SE. F*h 86 <Ck 9.000 
mis. as new rabdlUon. Essex 

blue, hall wue leather, air 
condiL Btaununki radio cas^ 
Irtr Cost new £20.700 Otters 
around £17.780. Tel Ol 539 
6024 or Ol 600 8605. 

ROVER 3X00 Auio. 1 7 .01X1 nils. 
FSH. Blue with Black Irtm. 
POA. TeL 0276 77201 T 




CAVAUER 141 4 dr_C3SA4 
ESCORT 1 JL 5 *_E34^4 
* * * 


ASTRA L3 VAN 826^4 




Above rentals are based an a 4 
year lease wtti rtf rtnhaL Other 
lease periods aland lor. For* 
quotaaon n meet yaw peraonS 
needs call Mis Foster or 
Ken Evert) oo 

021-553 3333 

EVES 0SG2 700 7497 







01-575 6377 
Not reports, fcansed credt 
hrcAers. warranty 8 aertrfdng 
earned om by yow local t* 

De Riche 
Contracts Ltd 


pet month 

RENAULT 5TL £127.10 
5TSE £169.46 
25GTS £27537 


Metro Cm £116.51 
Maestro IMOC £1SK87 
Montego I600L £164.16 
Rover 2I6SE £195.94 
MG Montego EFi £227Jl 


SISi C3&J0 
3181 £270.07 
S20i £301415 


BX 16 RS £185.35 
BX 19 RD £195.94 
8X16 RS Estate £201-24 
BX 19 RD Eamr £211^2 


Escort 1300 Laser £169.46 
XR3i £195.94 
Siena I.8L £I95A1 

Onon injection Ghia £222.41 
Granada 1.8 GL £264.78 
RS Turbo £291 2b 
Siena XR4 x 4 £34940 

25GTX 012.44 
SAAB 900 3-dr £248£9 
900 4-dr £27537 
900 Turbo 5-dr £38647 


Astra UL £15847 
Chvmiier I600L £174.76 
Carlton 1.8L £222.41 
Cbvatar SRi £23830 
Carlton ZOGL £243J4 
Senator 2Jj £333^2 
VOLVO 740 GL £27537 
740 GL Estate £323413 
740 GLT £375.98 
740 GLT Estate £397.17 


PWo C £127.10 
Golf C £148^8 

Golf GTi £227 Ji 

Audi 90 CD £2894)0 

Audi Qnaoro Coopt £397.17 
One moothfy payment for your motoring overheads 

Short term contract hire avaflaMo 
3-6 month dnration- 

telephone for details 

Tel: (0922) 614014 
or Telex 335069 

for full details and a written quote on any Company Car 


& Mountain marts 
k« m m manai mdmos- 

mUB, IB BIBDBL 0006 
ro. mue Mq; sol nto 

tarn h Hh HM. dc- tad 



a sea Haomc • MR8BBI 




house in the Algarve and wish 
to renl II to loo L'K rllems. You 
should concoct. The Algarve Al- 
lernauve. 73, St James SL 
London SW1 Tel Ol 491 0603. 



avail & read for diplomats, 
merulives. Long A short Ms in 
all areas. Unfriend 4- Co *a 
Albemarle St Wl. 01-499 5334. 




The Public Real Estate Company of Greece, intends to put up for sale, 
the property situated in Avenue De Tervuren and Avenue Marquis dfi 
Villaiobar in Brussels, (B.K-38) owned by the Greek State; and invite 
Sealed Written Offers to be sent to its office of the Permanent Greek 
Representation, to the European Community in Brussels, Avenue 
deCortenberg, 71, 1040 Brussels, up to 16 July 1986. The sum of 
60,000,000 BJF. is fixed as the starting price for the property to be 

The offers to be submitted direct and not through Firms of Estate 
Agents, should be accompanied by a letter of credit from an accredited 
ban k to the value of 5i000.000 B J. (five million Belgian Francs)- The 
property to be auctioned comprises a pbt of 8,183 sq meters awl a tote 
built surface (areas of main use auxiliary areas and auxiliary building) of 
1.267.62 sq meters- It is a stately mansion of excellent construction, a fine 
example of mid war Northern European Achitectute style. The property 
is being sold as it stands. 

Additional information and technical specifications can be obtained 
from: Mssrs, Alexandres Kritikos & Panayotis Kaloulis. at the Permanent 
Greek Representation Office in Brussels, TeL 00322/7358085. 

Athens June 12 1986 The Chairman of toe Board. 

Law Report July 1 1 1986 

Mental element 
for murder 
jury to consider 

Regina v Nedrick 
Before Lord Lane, Lord Chief 
Justice, Mr Justice Lcggau and 
Mr Justice Kennedy 
(Judgment given July 10] 

Lord Lane. Lord Chief Jus- 
tice, gave guidance for directing 
a jury about intent in a murder 
case where the person charged 
did a manifestly dangerous act 
and someone died as a result. 

His Lordship said that, in the 
hope that it would be helpful to 
judges in such cases, an 
endeavour had been made to 
crystallize the effects of the 
House of Lords* speeches in R v 
\foloney ([1985] AC 905) and R 
v Hancock (The Times March 3; 
[1986] 2 WLR 357). 

His Lordship was giving the 
court’s reasons for having al- 
lowed on May 20 an appeal by 
Ransford Delroy Nedrick 
against conviction for murder at 
Stafford Crown Court (Mr Jus- 
tice Otton and a jury), for which 
he was sentenced to life 

A verdict of manslaughter 
had been substituted under 
section 3 of the Criminal Appeal 
Act 1968 and a J 5-year sentence 
imposed. The jury had been 
discharged from returning ver- 
dicts on counts of arson with 
intent to endanger life and of 
arson being reckless as to life 
being endangered. 

Lord Hooson. QC and Mr 
David Guishard, assigned by 
the Registrar of Criminal Ap- 
peals. for the appellant; Mr J. S. 
Coward. QC and Mr Brian 
Leech for the Crown. 

TICE said that the Crown case 
was that the appellant, who had 
a grudge against a woman, 
without warning, poured par- 
affin through the letter-box and 
on to the front door of her house 
and set it alight. As a result the 
house was burnt down and one 
of her children died of 
asphyxaiion and burns. 

His defence was that be had 
neither started the fire nor made 
any admissions of having 
started iL 

The sole effective ground of 
appeal was that the judge had 
misdirected the jury on the 
intent necessary to establish a 
charge of murder. 

The direction was given be- 
fore publication of the speeches 
in Moloney and Hancock and in 
their light was plainly wrong. It 
was based on a passage in 
Archbold Criminal Pleading Ev- 
idence and Practice now 42nd ed 
(1985) paragraph 17-13, which 
equated foresight with intention 
and was expressly disapproved 
in Moloney. 

So far as concerned the men- 
tal element in murder, a jury 
had simply to decide whether 
the defendant intended to kill or 
do serious bodily harm. They 
had to pay regard to all the 
relevant circumstances, includ- 
ing what the defendant himself 
said and did. 

In the majority of cases a 
direction to that effect would be 
enough, particularly where the 
defendant's actions amounted 
to a direct attack on his victim, 
because in such cases the ev- 
idence relating to the 
defendant's desire or motive 
would be clear and his intent 
would have been the same as his 
desire or motive. 

In some cases, however, of 
which the present case was one, 
the defendant did an act which 
was manifestly dangerous and 
as a result someone died. 

The primary desire or motive 
of the defendant might not have 
been to harm that person, or 
indeed anyone. 

In that situation, what further 
directions should a jury be given 
as to the mental state which they 
had to find to exist in the 
defendant if murder was to be 

Their Lordships had 
endeavoured to crystallize the 
effect of the speeches in 
Moloney and Hancock in a way 
which their Lordships hoped 
might be belpful to judges who 
had to handle such a type of 

It might be advisable fim of 
all to explain to the jury that a 
man might intend to achieve a 
certain result while at the same 
time not desiring it to come 

In Moloney. Lord Bridge of 
Harwich bad given an illustra- 
tion of the distinction, when he 
said, at p92& 

“A man who, at London 
Airport, boards a plane which he 
knows to be bound for Man- 
chester. clearly intends to travel 
io Manchester, even though 
Manchester is the last place he 
wants to be and his motive for 
boarding the plane is simply to 
escape pursuit" 

The man who knowingly 
boarded the Manchester aircraft 
wanted to go there in the sense 
that boarding was a voluntary 
act. His desire to leave London 
predominated over bis desire 
not to go to Manchester. When 
he decided to board the aircraft, 
if not before, be formed the 
intention to travel to Manches- 

In Hancock the House de- 
cided that the Moloney guide- 
lines required a reference to 
probability. Lord Scannan said, 
at p?64: 

"They also require an 
explanation that the greater the 
probability of a consequence the 
more likely it is that the 
consequence was foreseen and 
that if that consequence was 
foreseen the greater the 
probability is that that con- 
sequence was also intended.” 

When determining whether 
the defendant had the necessary 
.intent it might, therefore, be 
helpful for a jury to ask them- 

1 How probable was the 
consequence which resulted 
from the defendant's voluntary 

2 Did he foresee that con- 

If he did not appreciate that 
death or really serious harm was 
likely to result from his acl, he 
could not have intended to bring 
it abouL 

If he did. but thought that the 
risk to which he was exposing 
the person killed was only slight, 
then it might be easy for the jury 
to conclude that he did not 
intend to bring about that result. 

On the other hand, if the jury 
were satisfied that at the ma- 
terial time the defendant rec- 
ognized that death or serious 
harm would be virtually certain 
— barring some unforeseen 
intervention — to result from his 
voluntary act, then that was a 
fim from which they might find 
it easy to infer that he intended 
to kill or do serious bodily harm, 
even though he might not have 
had any desire to achieve that 

As Lord Bridge had said in 
Molone r. at p925: 

**. . the probability of the 

consequence taken to have been 
foreseen must be Hde short of 
overwhelming before it will 
suffice to establish the necessary 

He used the expression 
“moral certainty” at p926 and 
said, at p929: “will lead to a 
certain consequence unless 
something unexpected super- 
venes to prevent it”. 

'Where the charge was murder 
and in the rare cases where the 
simple direction was not 
enough, the jury should be 
directed that they were not 
entitled to infer the necessary 
intention unless they felt sure 
that death or serious bodily 
harm was a virtual certainty — 
barring some unforeseen inter- 
vention — as a result of Ihe 
defendant's actions and that the 
defendant appreciated that such 
was the case. 

Where a man realized that it 
was for all practical purposes 
inevitable that his actions would 
result in death or serious haim. 
the inference might be irresist- 
ible that he intended that result, 
however little he might have 
desired or wished it to happen. 

The decision was one for lire 
jury to be reached on a consid- 
eration of all the evidence. 

Solicitors: DPP. 

Broker is not liable 
for hire costs 

Ramwade Ltd v W. J. Emson 

& Co Ltd 

Before Lord Justice Parker. 
Lord Justice Nouise and Sir 
John Megaw 

(Judgment given June 27 J 

Where a insurance broker, 
negligently and in breach of 
contract, had failed to obtain 
comprehensive motor insurance 
for its client, and the client's 
lorry had subsequently been 
damaged beyond repair in a 
motor accident, the client was 
not entitled to recover from the 
broker damages in respect of the 
cost of hiring a tony until the 
broker made it possible for the 
client to purchase a new tony by 
paying it the market value of the 
damaged one. . . . 

The Court of Appeal so held 
in allowing an appeal by insur- 
ance brokers from an award of 
damages which included the 
cosl to their client of hiring a 
lorry until it had received funds 
from the brokers with which to 
purchase a new one. 

Mr Graeme Sampson for the 
brokers: Mr Gary Webber for 
the plaintiff. 

said that the plaintiff would not 

have been entitled, under the 
policy which it had instructed 
the brokers to execute, to be 
reimbursed the cost of hiring the 

The plaintiff argued that, in 
view of the broken’ knowledge 
of its business and its inability to 
afford another lorry until it 
received damages for the loss of 
the first, tile need to hire a lorry 
(lowed foreseen bly from the 
brokers' breach: but that was not 

The necessity to hire flowed 
either from the plaintiff’s 
impecuniosity. in which case it 
was irrecoverable (see The 
Uesbosch ([1933! A C 449». or 
from the brokers' _ failure 
promptly to pay the plaintiff the 
damages due for its breach. 

If it was the latter, the plaintiff 
was seeking to recover damages 
for non-payment of a debt, 
albeit at tire lime unquantified. 
The remedy for non-payment of 
a debt was interest on the sum 
due. not damages., and accord- 
ingly the plaintiff was not 
entitled to damages for the cost 
of hiring the lorry. 

Solicitors: Merriraan White & 
Co: Paul Robinson & Co. 

Driving a motor cycle 

McKoen v Ellis 

It was open to justices who 
had properly directed them- 
selves in law to conclude, as a 
matter of fact and degree, that a 
defendant wearing motor- 
cyclist’s clothing and crash hel- 
met. standing with legs astride a 
motor cycle, who hid. for an 
unspecified distance, been 
controlling the movement and 
direction of ihe motor cycle by 
pushing'and steering it while its 
ignition and lights were on 

without riding it was “driving” 
the motor cycle within the 
meaning of section 6(1) of the 
Road Traffic Act 1972. 

The Queen's Bench Di- 
visional Court (Lord Justice 
Woolf and Mr Justice Simon 
Brown) so held on June 26 when 
dismissing the defendant’s ap- 
. peal against his conviction for 
driving a motor cycle on a road 
having consumed so much al- 
cohol that the proportion of h in 
his blood exceeded the pre- 
scribed limit 





Trinity Bar examination 
pass list 1986 

The following candidates have 
passed the Trinity Bar ex- 
amination. 1986: 

Class I: No award 
Class II Division I (In order or 
merit): A E Shutkever. M; A 
Prcstwich. G: E R CraiL LKS 
Chang. L: M D Melville; 
Shreeve. G: R E Anderson. M: C 
J Butcher. G; T A Claris. M*. N J 
M Hanna. M: M O Rodger, M: 
A J Simmonds. G; B C Carr. I; C 
i H Reed, M: F Barton. M: A R 
Smith. M: C J Band. M; D 
Brown. I: C R Scott. G: G W 
Philipps l; A J Keyser. M: J M A 
Clare, M: D ! Sharp. M. 

Class II Division II (In order of 
merit): G M McDonald M: G J 
Clarke. M: J P Nichoils M: D A 
Knifton. i; R A Snowden. U R S 
Samwell-Smilh. G: T C Bate. U 
C A Dann-Fenwick. M: A W O 
A Martins. US Y Chew. G: I 
Biswas. L: S N Mookherjee. L: I 
Y Purvis. G: D M Kloss. G;KR 
Brody. G; D W WrighL G: R J 
Miles. L: C S Teng. t N A 
JefTond. G: A A Macnab, M: D J 
Derrick. G: J E Gimletie. It W H 
Salomon. 1: S Hallam. U WF 
Waldron. G: E P C L Lai. G; N 
N Green. I: C W Orr. M; J M 
Karas. M: M F McCleary. I; M 
M O'Su Jii van. L: Y Y Chee. M; 
C Bear. L: A-R Landes. G;RP 
D Stewart. I: D Jackson. G: J A 
Mills, I: M J Standen, M; S P-L 
Neo. G; M D E Jackson. M; C J 
Norris. U N D Giffin. I; H J 
Smith. I: M H Porter. 1: S H 
Goddard. G: B Thorogood, G: 
M A Griffiths. I: B W Connolly. 
I: A K. K. Sakhrani. G; M C 
Dalby. 1: A J Meusz-G; T A 
Elliott, G: R J Harris. G; E J W 
Mel lor. M: P J Guile ford. L: J L 
Lewis. M: J S Nash. G: M 
Steven s-Hoare. M: L J Varty, M; 
N D Caddick. M; C A Roberts, 
LDSS Neo, G: R Agnello M 
De Vaz Carriero. I; R G 
Lan gharri. L: K Leigh. L; S J 
Smith. 1: J M Bellamy. L;DM 
Holland, 1: M Z Chung, M; H J 
Birks. M:JM Bradshaw M; J A 
Dunne, f: R P Scanneil. M: J C 
Dingle. M: C R S Graham. M; R 
B W Gumpert, 1: C Wilkins, 1; J 
D Nadel, M: P A Parker. M; V G 
Jones. I: W H Mousley. M;DS 
Sireatfeild-James, USD Adams, 
M: P T Johnson, L I J Keown. 
M: M P Minogue, U J R 
Moppet. M:RL Smith. M: S E 
Fiiz. M: D Bulman. M: I W 
Dove: I: P J Goodbody. LPH 
Kilgarriff. G: S J Mallett, 1; H A 
Travers. M; S N Berkson. G: R J 
McMahon. M:CM Adler. L: F I 
Tunku, G: C J F Parker, G: A E 
James. M; J Stannard, M; S T 
Chew. M: A A Tang. G: S A 
Wilson. M: J M Bernard. I; H F 
Black. UKR B Buckingham, 
M: D S Myerson. M; K A 
Richardson. M: P D Brighton. 
G; S K. Cadwaladr, M; A B 
Gapham. M: G J Ford. I; J D 
Houghton. I: C I SbemuxL M; F 
S-L Kam. G: S K Wan. LLA 
Farrell. G: J Smouha. M;RK 
White. M: A M Davison. M: H 
N Allen. I: P M BlundelL L; C S 
ClarkeJervoise. tCM Fewer, 
l;DHR Matthews, G; L G 
Meyer. I; S J Murray. I; P L 
Turnbull. M; T H Abdullah. I; C 
A Davis. M: C P R Griffiths. G; 
PAR Jorro. USD Omsby, M; 
A D F Gummer. 1; S I Berrick. 
M: J B Prowse. 1: K bin Ahmad. 
U E T H Fong. M; D J Price. G: 
D W-S Tan. G; J Cults. I; D 
Maland. G;JWP Waters. M: R 
A Siordy. G: K K Low. U F C 
Greenwood. G: A J Hunt. G: M 
J Previte, I: J K Walker. M; O D 
Watkins. LBD Williams, I; M 
G Milliken-Smith, G;NA Taib, 
U T Addis-Jones. G; F J Dix- 
Dyer, U D G SamueL G: K 
Sharma, G; C N Barton. 1; S S 
Bhakar. G: A A Cameron. I: M 
D Collard. M; P Richardson. M; 
P M E Gibbs. M; D J Lennon. G; 
C B Lim. L: J M Sidik, G: R J 
Bickerdike. U A D Langdon, M; 
P J Moreland, G: R B-K Tam. 
M; A J Taylor, U R A Coleman. 
I: S M P LChin. L: FA Mitchell. 
G; C H Ng. G; E J Gill M; S H 
Hancox. I: S.A. Jones. M; C.L. 
Keenan. M: N Magyar, I: A 
Marshall. I; N J H Preston. G; S 
W McDougall. G: M C As’ad. U 
N K Burford. U G B R Collis. 
M; A V D'Ombraine-Hewitt. G; 
K D Handley. G; A L Porter, M: 
T Capsiick. G: A Dennis. G; K S 
Ibrahim. U J F S Low. G; T C 
Wong. U S Brough. G: M Bury: 
I: M T Cranmer-Brown. M; J J 
Harris. M; S F Harris. I; C E 
Johnson. G: J J Jones. M:MA 
Lovcday. I: G MacR Ross. I: R 
E L Terry. G: S J Williams. M; L 
M Bums. 1: R H Thompson. G: 
A D Walton, J: F S C Lee. M: E 
Demetriadou. G; A C E Wong, 
G: D B Mason. M: B J Patten. 
M.PHW Pearce. G: C Roberts. 
I; J H S Russcn. U M Tanner. 
M:CJC Vjckers. M:MKS 
Chooi. M: T F Lim. U N M 
Bryan. M; M R Haftke. M: K L 
Studd. I: S J Neville. M: A J 
Wiggans. M; J Wilfond. I; S A 
Bodden. M: C C Yeoh. U S R 
Duncan. LJM McBride. M: M 
K M Poon. M: A D Whaley. L: A 
E Agasce, M;KS Smith, 1; D M 
C Sowden. M: G T Byrne. G; H 
R Samuels. G: R A Le Tissier. 
G: G Esi E Suiggner-Dadzie, G: 
K L Parker. I: M J Pym. G; K O 
Bell. I; J F Wall G; G L 
Griffiths. G: R A McKenzie. G; 
C Redfeam. L: E C McGrail. U 
G A Matthews. L: P J Dixon. M. 
Class III (In numerical order): I 
Ahmad. U M A F Allan, I: M 
Andrew. M; S A Andrews. M: M 
Aspinall. G: L E C Baglietto. M; 
M R Bailey. G: P A Barnes. U P 

M BaxendaJ e-Walker. LCLG 
Baylis. l:ZP Beg. U A J BeQ. G; 
M A F Bennett. I: S J Benster. 
M: A L Berrill-Cox.I: S T R 
Be van. I: J Bewsey. k D Bhatia. 
M: C A Blackburn. G: C D 

Blackwood. I: D N L Bloom- 
Da vis. I: T Boulter. U A R 
Bower, I; L-L Bra by. G: C H 
Brandenburger. M; J R Brew- 
ster. M; R E Brown, G; S C 
CampbelL M: P G Cardwell. I: R 
P Came. I: S E Castle. M; N 
Chan. U R A Clews. G; C R 
Coleman. U J J Cooper, I; L M 
Counsel!, I; N J Cox. L S M 
Croail. MON Crosthwaite- 
Eyrc, I; J N Cunriss. G: F P 
Davies. G; G B Davies. M: G R 
Deal try, M; J E Delahunty. M; J 
A Dennison, EOT Dodd. G; C 
H Downey. I; P L 
Duddingstone-Herdman. USD 
Edward. G; J St C Evans. G: K A 
Faber. I: P R G Faraon, 1: R M J 
Field. U C J Filippi. G; I 
Foinetle, M; K M Fonunato. U 
A K Fraser, U M A French, M: S 
.W S Furionger. 1; D R Garland. 
M: W G H Godwin, M: F A 
Graham, G: S Grocou, M;EM 
Hall. U J M HamJyn. U R 
Harffey. M; M T Harrison, U P 
N Harrison. M: R E Hatfield. G: 
R V Hawkings. U R Heneghan, 
G: M S Heywood, G; J D M Hill. 
M: K. A Him. 1; D P Holland. 
M: S A Horn. M; P B 
Humphries, M; S S Hunter, UA 
L R Jack. M: A J Jackson. U M J 
Kelly. G; B J Khan, U R 
Khibanr, M; C J Lafferty. G: F J 
Laird. G: A D Laws.G; D M 
LeFeuvre. G: J M Lello. G; N C 
Lewers. G: E M Lickert, M: F J 
Lindley. G; J M H Lindsay. G; S 
S Lipscomb. U R Q C 
Lovegrove. M; P R Lowe, M: K 
E Lunn. M; J A Lyons, M; C V 
Machin-Goodall, I: J 
Macnamara. G: A C R 
Mahoney, M; H K L Malcolm. 
G; S A Malik. M: P Mann, M: R 
Y Mansoori-Dara, I; M Marks. 
M: J M Marshall, M: 1 Massias, 
M: P M McArdle. I: S P 
McGrady, U N McKenzie 
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Russian girls lead the advance for an attack on the world of tennis 

Miss Meski (left) and Miss Svereta flying the Russian flag at Wimbledon 

A glimpse of things to come 

The Russians have come, gone, and 
will doubtless be lack soon, in force. A 
recent decision by the Soviet authorities 
to bolster their tennis as part ofa drive to 
enhance their sporting prestige, has 
reaped an unexpected early harvest 

Almost unnoticed amid the hullaba- 
loo from the centre court last Sunday, 
the Wimbledon girls junior singles final 
on court two was, astonishingly, an all- 
Russian affair. The unseeded Miss 
Natasha Svereva, aged IS, conquered 
the unseeded Russian junior champion. 
Miss Leila Meski, aged 18, in a three- 
hour marathon (9-7 final setk they then 
teamed up to win a doubles semi-final 
and, exhausted, succumbed in the 
doubles final, 7-6, 7-5, to a fresher 
Australian pair. 

Both Russian girls can rally endlessly 
from the baseline: hardly surprising 
considering their childhood heroine was 
Chris Lloyd They each profess a dislike 
for Martina Navratilova, suitably in line 
with the official sentiment against those 
who defect Indeed they will surely have 
no such intent judging from a lengthy 
interview, conducted partly in Miss 
Svereva’s rudimentary English, which 
she is studying at school and partly 
through a shaky volunteer interpreter 
culled from the crowd 

British group Queen, and giggled as she 
expressed a desire to meet them when 
next she visits here. 

Tennis, they said is enjoying wide- 
spread popularity among their young 
friends. This, according to Philippe 
Pirapaneau, vice-president of the Ameri- 

can-based tennis agency ProServe, is no 
accident He said: u The Russians took a 

policy decision two or three years ago to 
play tennis abroad — to sharpen their 
world image through success in a range 
of sports.” 

His organization, launched by the 
American entrepreneur and former Da- 
vis Cup player, Donald Dell, forged an 
unlikely alliance with Russian tennis in 
March this year. 

A seven-year absence 
covered in camouflage 

Policy producing an 
unlikely alliance 

They said all the things good Russian 
girls should They play only for the 
honour of their country, not for them- 
selves. It has been “very difficult" to get 
used to the way things are in Britain, 
where they have played a few 

They would certainly not concede that 
British shops were superior to those in 
their homeland though their team 
squad had had litlJe time for such 
pursuits as shopping. 

Were there any aspects oflife here that 
they enjoyed? "None,” said Miss 
Svereva Miss Meski, more diplomati- 
cally. said they had not considered the 
matter. Russian life, they agreed was 
better. Not that they rejected everything 
Western. Miss Svereva’s pop idols sure 
the Swedish group A- Her. while Miss 
Meski confessed to being a fan of the 

ProServe have been hired to promote 
Russian players and interest big spon- 
sors. who may wish to have them 
wearing their shoes or clothing and 
wielding their rackets. "It's a whole new 
world for their players and 
administrators,” Pimpaneau said 

Russian tennis has resurfaced — under 
the supervision of former Wimbledon 
ladies finalist Olga Morozova — after a 
seven-year self-imposed exile from the 
world circuiL The proffered explanatron, 
that they had no players worth sending 
abroad was largely camouflage, it is 
believed for a political decision at the 
time to withdraw in case tennis caused 
problems for the 1980 Moscow Olympic 
Games, by having their players take part 
against South Africans or Chileans. 
There was also some debate as to how to 
control ihe players’ exposure to big 
money and temptation. 

Now the priority is to enter a Russian 
team in the 1988 Olympics. Because 
professionals may be barred, the au- 
thorities have ordered their players not 
lo accept any prize-money this year — 
though some of them, according to 
Pimpaneau, did so at certain tourna- 
ments last year. 

technically breaches Olympic 

regulations. . . ■ • 

The rise of players like Miss Mesld 
and Miss Svereva has come about 
because of a steady expansion of the 
game, which, now that it has risen a few 
notches on the Russian priority charts, 
should rapidly accelerate. Stiff, h was 
only because Miss Svereva’s father was a 
professional tennis coach in the dty of 
Minsk, that she began playing at theage- 
of six. Her school provides swimming, 
but not tennis, lessons. 

Miss Meski first held a racket as a 10- 
year-okL and then mainly because her 
father was an acquaintance and a great 
admirer of fellow-Gebrgian, Alex 
Metreveli, the beaten Wimbledon final- 
ist in 1973 — the year most top players 
boycotted the event 

Contrary to practice with many young 
potential stars in the established sports 
like football gymnastics and athletics 
the two girls went to ordinary schools. 
Miss Meski is now studying French at 
university, and Miss Svereva spends five 
hours a day, except Sundays, practising 
before school or after it. 

Sometimes she is allowed off lessons, 
she said, though Miss Meski, mindful 
that missing classes is not official policy. 

Dreaming about a 
Wimbledon victory 

Miss Meski and Miss Svereva main- 
tain that the senior players all pass on 
their winnings to their tennis federation, 
which pays their expenses. Yet even that 

quickly corrected her. The girls dream of 
winning Wimbledon, but modestly sug- 
gest it will be far from easy to reach the 
standards of a Gabriela Sabatini, this 
year’s semi-finalist and just 1 5. 

It is hard to discern the sort of ruthless 
will-to-win that exudes from American, 
Czech, Swedish and (these days) West 
German youngsters. Nevertheless the 
authorities are determined that the 
Soviet Union quickly becomes a leading 
tennis nation. It has been somewhat 
galling for them to see a small neighbour 
make such an impression worldwide. 
“Tennis is now so popular that we hope 
soon to be as good as the Czechs,” Miss 
Svereva said. That is a statement of 
intent lhatcannot be taken lightly. The 
Russians, indeed, are coming. 

Paul Martin 


Changing times greet 
new men at the top 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Alan Grimsdell will become 
ihe 79th president of the Rugby 
Football Union at today's an- 
nual meeting in London, a 
presidential year which wifi be a 
watershed of the game in several 
distinct ways. Not only will his 
year of office conclude with the 
inaugural world tournament in 
New Zealand and Australia, but 
the game is adopting a new 
image at home. 

The situation may be encap- 
sulated in the transfer of the 
RFU secretaryship from Air 
Commodore Bob WeighilL after 
13 faithful years, to Dudley 
Wood, formerly Surrey’s repre- 
sentative on the RFU commit- 
tee. Mr Wood has spent a long 
career in marketing, an area of 
which the game in England is 
becoming increasingly aware. 

Air Commodore Weighill 
may. if he will forgive the 
expression, be regarded as a 
member of an old school whose 
qualities, many no longer re- 
garded as fashionable, become 
appreciated the closer one gets 
to them. It has been his pride 
and joy to see Twickenham 
functioning well on big match 
days and one can only wish him 
well in his acceptance of the 
honorary post of secretary of the 
International Rugby Football 
Board for whom restless days lie 

along with every other sport and 
cannot depend upon the schools 
churning out a ready made 
supply of players. John Fenna. 
aged 12, from Redruth, won 
himself a book and his school a 
ball by providing the following 
theme in the RFU competition 
at Wadebridgc:’’! like rugby 
because on the field it is highly 
competitive, off the field it’s 

Master Penna has pm his 
finger on it competitive, both in 
the way rugby is played and 
presented, the more so perhaps 
because of the limits to com- 
petition upon which so many 
schools seem to insist these 


Rugby’s new image is not 
confined only to the new club 
structure which will be pre- 
sented today. There is. indeed, a 
version of the game called ”ncw 
image" introduced from New 
Zealand which promotes rugby 
as a game for the family while, 
for the first lime, the RFU took 
a stand at ihe Royal Cornwall 
show at Wadebridge last month 
to attract potential customers. 

The authorities in this coun- 
try now appreciate what their 
Australian counterparts have 
been telling them for some lime, 
that rugby is in the market place 

It is. therefore, a skittish 
stallion which Mr Grimsdell. 
aged 62. will ride for the next 
year. The son of Arthur 
GrimsdelL who played football 
for Tottenham Hotspur and 
England, the new president was 
educated at Watford GS and 
Berkhamsied before serving in 
the RAF. He played at lock 
forward for Harlequins between 
1 945 and 1958 and subsequently 
for High Wycombe. 

He won representative hon- 
ours for Middlesex and an 
England trial in 1951 but he will 
always be associated with the 
match in that year against the 
otherwise unbeaten South Af- 
ricans. He kicked a conversion 
and. >n the second half, the 
derisive penalty goal which gave 
London Counties their 11-9 


Mr Grimsdell represented 
Buckinghamshire on the RFU 
committee for 14 years and was 
assistant treasurer to the union 
for six years before becoming 
treasurer between 1981 and. 
1 984. His senior vice-president 
will be John Burgess, from 
Lancashire, and John Simpson 
(Leicestershire) becomes junior 


Testing time ahead for 
Britain’s top crews 

By Jim Railton 

More than 20 British crews 
arc entered for the Lucerne 
Rotsee regatta, which starts 
today, in what will be their last 
chance to impress before the 
Great Britain selectors choose 
their team for the forthcoming 
world championships. 

The regatta takes on a dif- 
ferent format this year with the 
introduction of 500-metrc 
sprints for senior men, women 
and lightweights. The sprints are 
designed to make rowing more 
exciting for spectators and, in 
particular, to attract television 
coverage. Bui the real interest in 
Lucerne will be the outcome of 
the 2.000m races — the world 
championship and Olympic 

Rotsee can, in fact, be more 
difficult to compete in than the 
world championship, particu- 
larly if the East Germans and 
the Soviet Union enter more 
than one crew in an event. But 
overall Great Britain have a 
very strong team, as is reflected 
in results in Europe so far this 
year. Altogether 28 countries 
have entered for Lucerne 
including East Germany, the 
Soviet Union. Australia. New 
Zealand. Italy, Bulgaria and the 
United States. 

Among Britain's front-run- 
ners are Andy Holmes and Steve 
Redgrave. Olympic gold medal 
winners in the coxed fours, who, 
last Sunday won the Silver 
Goblets title with ease at Hen- 
Icy. This weekend they take 
Adrian Ellison on board as 
coxswain, and must be con- 
fident of success having earlier 
this season beaten Italy's 
Abbagnale brothers, the Olym- 
pic and world champions, who 
are also competing at Lucerne. 

In last year's world 
championships another British 
pair. Martin Cross and Adam 
Clift, came within eight-hun- 
dredths of a second of defeating 
ihe Soviet Union's Yuri and 
Nikolai Pimenov and taking the 

gold medaL Cross and Clift's 
fortunes at Lucerne will be 
closely observed, but by all 
accounts, the Russians have not 
entered this event. 

The British men's heavy- 
weight right, winners of the 
Grand Challenge Cup at Henley 
for their eighth successive vic- 
tory of the season, will be facing, 
as will others, the first real test of 
the season. Nine crews have 
entered for the rights in Lucerne 
and the field includes the East 
Germans, the second Russian 
eight. Italy, West Germany, 
Australia and France. 

Another crew to watch wfll be 
London University's Tyrian, 
who pushed Ridley, of Canada, 
to a new course record hi the 
Stewards' Challenge Cup at 
Henley. So. Great Britain’s 
men's heavyweights have a fair 
share of talent between them., 
but the next few day's wfll truly 
lest their mettle. 

Britain’s women's heavy- 
weights will not only meet 
exceptional opposition, but will 
also be drawing on their re- 
serves. The women's eight aim 
to double up in the coxed fours 
and coxless pairs, which is 
ambitious in light of the time- 
table. Tbe lightweight women's 
team is in optimistic mood with 
Beryl Cmckford. the world dou- 
ble sculjs lightweight champion, 
competing in the singles, her 
former partner. Lin Clark, now 
in a fast looking coxless four and 
the double scuDs partnership of 
GiU Bond and Carrie- Ann 
Wood showing promise. 

The scene, too. is sex for 
another classic duel in the single 
sculls between Pcrtti 
Karppinen. of Finland, the three 
times Olympic gold medal win- 
ner and Pctcr-Michael Kolbe. 
the former world champion 
from West Germany. Britain's 
Redgrave is not contesting the 
single sculls at Lucerne, but 
.sensibly concentrates his' mind 
on the coxed pairs., . 


*. r 


Chance of 

for Scots 

in Europe 

, ByHi^h Taylor 

The managers' of Scottish 
clubs who are taking part in 
European competition heavied 
sighs of relief when they heard 
the results of yesteiday’s draws. 

Realising how much football 
requires a fillip .. this, . season . 
following yet another of. the 
country's sad early exits from 
the World. Cup finals, they, were 
delighted to find that, apart 
from Heart of Midlothian, who 
meet the doughty Dukia Prague 
in the UEFA Ctfo, thrirtlubs 
have . been given excellent 
chances of making progress jn 
the various competitions, hav- 
ing had the good fortune to 
escape powerful rivals. 

“This was just the draw we 
wanted.” said David Hay, the 
manager of Critic. The-Scottish . 
champions, play Shamrock 
Rovers of Dublin, a dub in- 
cidentally they will meet later, 
this month in a pre-season 

It is the first time in four years - 
that Celtic whose astonishing 
late ran earned them the League 
title, have bora involved m the 
champions tournament They 
have had litlie success ia Earope 
recently and so they missed out . 
on one of the seven seeded 
places in the tournament. . 

Aberdeen, who were seeded in 
Ihe Cup WinDers 1 Cup.' were: 
even happier than Celtic when 
they found they bad been d rawn 
to meet Sion. The last time they 
met the. Swiss was-in the • 
preliminary round of the . same 
competition in 1983 and they 
went on to take the trophy after 
winning 11-1 on aggregate. 

In the-UEFA Cup. the vastly' 
experienced ' Dundee , : United - 
should have few fears against 
Lens and'Rangers can hardly be 
expected .to. stumble against 
Tampere; who finished fourth in, 
the. Finnish League last season, 
although such is .the enthusiasm 
of manager Graeme Souness as 
he -rebuilds the side.- that the 
supporters would probably have 
been happier if their first round 
opponents had turned out to be 
a club of tbe magnitude of 
Barcelona or Atfetico Madrid or 
indeed Bordeaux. 

The French Cup' winners 
provide the daunting opposition 
for Waterford. 

Wrexham, the Welsh cup 
winners, should make the sec- 
ond round, as their first oppo- 
nents are Zurrieq from Malta. 

EUROPEAN CUPs Alt fOUHfc BnctuMfi 
v Bayern Munich; Porto * Rabat tot 
/Marta* Avenir B men (Lin) v Austria 
Vienna; Juvantus vvalur (Ice): Red Star 
Belgrade v P&nathneBmc; Baroe Sara 
Zagora (BuO v Dinamo Kiev: YoungBoys 
Bern v W Madrid: AnderiedavGortac 
ZaDraa Brondbyemw (Den mark) v 

v Glasgow Celtic; Paris SemHSwmain * 

Vkkovice. Bye into second reumt SMua 

Bucharest (toMere). - 

CUP WINNERS* CUP: FM rawt Rapid 
Vie/T* V SnoBs: Home y Baal Zaragoza; 
Benfica v CSstronr Nontorl Tirana » 
Dinamo Bucharest Aberdeen v. Sttm 


Haka ffin) v Torpedo Moscow; Oyrnpfc 
Piraeus * US uranbouv Sunn v 
Spartak Tnwv* (Cz* Kaiq wtee v lfoft- 
Mc 1903 Copenhagen v Vtosha Sofa; 
Gteraoran v Lokomotiv Leipzig; Vasas 
Budapest v .(Mb Master. 

UEFA CUK Ast round: Lens v Dundee 
mined: GrarUngen -v Gataw United: 
Sporting Lisbon v Atoane«AlhlelteBffl>*> 
v Magrftiunx Adetico Madrid v Bremen; 
Jeunesse ti&ch v Ghent: Pecs! Mraikas 

scp^SJla^wa vHaartol 
Midlothian; Torino* NantesfLevertoraen v 
Kafenar (Swe): Dinemo Minsk v Raba Bo 
Gvoot irK Goftenburg v Sigma Gkxnouc 
tezf. Cdsrame w Brandenburg; Legia 
Warsaw v Dnepraputrqvek (USSR): Gtes- 

Rangers v Tampere; Bayer ■ 

gen v Cart Zeiss Jena: Lira * 

Wttzew Lodz; Neuchatal Xanax v 
[Dent Beveren v VaWangens 
v __ _ FI Crate v Hajdu* SpSC Ftanutarf 

Vtora (ak>) v Barcelona; Rorentiru v 
BoawistK H ibern ian s (Malts) v Trekia 
piovcfiv; Swarowskl Urol (Aus) v Sradetz 
Sofia; Inter MHan v AEK Attiens; Boru&sia 
Mofinchengtadbach v Pardzan Belgrade; 
Omonta M cose v Sportut Studentec 

(Rent Gatatnseray v UnJvorsaea Craiova 
(Romp R^eka v Standard Liage; Napoi v 
Totdouse: Lucerne * Spartak Moscow. 

AM matches wfl be played o*ar two togs 
on a home and away basis baste on 
September T7 and October 1. The first 
named team ww play at home in the first 


Ball sets his 
sights on 
overall title 

By Oor Rifle Shooting 

Chief Petty Officer Nigel Batt, 
of the Fleet Air Arm, who is 
defending his tide as the Royal 
Navy’s champion-at-arms, yes- 
terday won the service pistol 
championship at Bisley, beating 
the holder. Petty Officer Philip 
Hobson, by four points. 

Bali, who was runner-up itt 
the target rifle championship, is 
also well-placed among . the' 
contenders in today's finafoflhe 
Royal Navy and Royal Marines 
Queen's MedaL which should 
also add points for bis overall 
title prospects. The leader rang 
into the final. Petty Officer 

Chris Priveit, of HMS 
Coilingwood, Portsmouth, is ~ 
well ahead after tncreasmg bis 
margin to 26 points ahead of his 
nearest rival Lance Corporal 
David O'Connor. Royal 

AJJ three services have one 
competitor out in fronL 


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Green Desert lays claim to sprint title *}®J J SXwitt 

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■ i-. 

. M .>: 

By Michael Seely 

Upholding the value of this 
season’s classic form in no 
uncertain manner,; Green 
Desert outclassed his five 
opponents in the Norcros July 
Cup at Newmarket yesterday. 
Stepping up the gallop two 
furlongs from home, the 2,000 
Guineas runner-up followed 
in the footsteps of Aberrant 
and Chief Singer, the only 
other horses in the post-war 
era to have finished second in 
the first of the colts' classics 
before -capturing this historic 

This victory continued the 
incredible run of success being 
enjoyed by Michael Stoute 
and Walter Swinburn, who 
have now won the principal 
races on all three days of the 
meeting. Their next strike for 
gold will be at rite Curragh 
tomorrow when Untold is an 
odds-on favourite to win the 
Gilltown Stud Irish Oaks. 

Swinbura produced a fine 
tactical riding performance on 
the 7-4 favourite by going to 
the front from Grey Desire 
after two furlongs as the pace 
did not appear to be particu- 
larly strong. 

Both Gwydion and Cyrano 
De Bergerac tried hard to get 
to grips soon after half-way 
but could make no impres- 
sion. Green Desert eventually 
beat Grey Desire by three 
quarters of a length with 
Gwydion the same distance 
away third. 

Yves Saint-Martin certainly 
made an error of judgment by 
lying too far out of his ground 
on Last Tycoon, who finished 
fast to take fourth place. 
However, no matter what 
tactics the 15- times champion 
French jockey had employed, 
the pair would not have 
beaten the easy winner. 

“This is a very fast horse 
indeed," Stoute -said, with a 
triumphant gleam in his eyes. 
“If the owners agree 1 want to 
bring him back to five furlongs 
and go for the William Hill 
Sprint Championship at 

After finishing second to 
Dancing Brave in our own 
2.000 Guineas, Green Desert 
was sent to the Curragh where 
he finished unplaced behind 
Flash Of Steel in the Irish 
equivalent in heavy going. 
The colt then went to Ascot 
where he was runner-up to 
Sure Blade in the St James's 
Palace Stakes. 

“I was longing to pull him 
back to sprinting after 
Newmarket,” Stoute contin- 
ued “I was praying that 
Harwood would send Dancing 
Brave to Ireland, but when he 
didn't go. Green Desert just 

play into hands 
of Imperial Jade 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

Dublin Lad, Philip, Ring, he seems unlikely to see 
out a mile and a half as well as 

ClanSme and Roderfieki Grew 
all standing their ground, 
today’s Iinpac Handicap ai 
York is guaranteed to be a 
sizzling sprint from the word go- 

These four really only have 
one way of racing and that is to 
«, fiat out from the start, 
especially Dublin Lad who 
made all the running to win the 
Gosforth Park Clip ^Newcastle 

last month by a length and a ban 
from Clantime. 

All this leads me to think that, 
in this instance, they amid cut 
one another*’ throats and sira- 
olv olav into the hands of Pat 

Eddery on Imperial jade. 

At Epsom, on Derby Day. 
Imperial Jade onlyjusi failed to 
cau* Clantime whom she will 
be meeting on 51b better terms 
this afternoon. Two days later 
Imperial Jade showed what a 
redoubtable competitor she is 
by raving Hilton Brown 21b and 
a tfaee-tength beating over six 

So she is likely to be running 
on today when others have had 
enough. And the word from 

Five Farthings, whose pedigree 
is packed with stamina. 

The only lime that Chime 

Time has been beaten was when 

he was runner-up to Minstrdla 
in the Chesham Stakes at Royal 
Ascot. So with Minstrel la mak- 
ing Forest Flower pull out all the 
stops in the Cherry Hmton 
Stakes at Newmarket on Tues- 
day. Chime Time looks, poised 
to regain the winning trail in the 
Black Duck Stakes at the ex- 
pense of Glow Again. 

At Chester this evening I am 
looking to Gay’s Flutter and 
Battleaxe to also uphold Royal 
Ascot form by winning the Alice 
Hawthorn Maiden' FUGes Stakes 
and the Cardinal Puff Stakes 

TBS**— * war 

creditable fifth in the Queen 
Mary Stakes. Gay’s Flatter 
(6.55) should be good enough to 
beat Ultra Nova, who finished 
third at Windsor first time out. 

Battleaxe (8.20) has already 
proved that his fourth place in 
the Windsor Castle States was 

Roystoo. where she is trained by no fluke by winning at Notting- 
Alan Jarvis, is that Imperial ham in the meantime Mid now l 
Jade is in sparkling form and 
fancied to win. In the circum- 

Green Desert (centre) fends off Grey Desire (right) and Cyrano De Betgerac to win the July Cupat Newmarket yesterday 

chael Hills bought Aventino 
home four lengths ahead of 
Pinstripe. John Sutcliffe, the 
king of Epsom gambling train- 
ers, has now placed Andy 

had to take his chance. And 
then we had to give him one 
more go over a mile at Ascot 
on fast going.** 

Green Desert belongs to 
Makloum AI Maktoum and 
earlier in the afternoon we had 
beard the sad news that his 
brother. Sheikh Mohammed's 
brilliant filly. Pebbles, has 
finished her racing career and 
will now be retired to stud. 

“It's a cartilage in her 
shoulder, “ Robert Acton, gen- 
eral manager of the Sheikh's 
breeding interests, said. 
“Give Brittain has advised us 
that there is no point in 
persevering any further. We 
are sending her to Kentucky to 
be mated with a proven 
Northern Dancer stallion such 
as Danzig or Lyphard. She'll 
then be brought back to foal in 
this country and then we 
might send her to Shareef 
Dancer." Acton also said that 

Oh So Sharp is in foal to 
Dunbeath and will visit 
Shareef Dancer in 1987. 

After Barry Hills had given 
Sheikh Mohammed an earlier 
success by winning the H & K. 
Commissions Silver Jubilee 
Stakes with the improving 
three-year-old stayer, Zaubair, 
the Lam bo urn trainer said 
that Sure Blade would not 
now be trained for the Match- 
maker International Stakes. 

“Sure Blade is still not 
moving right," Hills said. “We 
plan go give him at least a 
month's rest and turn him out 
at the Rutland Stud. We want 
to try and bring tbe horse back 
for an autumn campaign in- 
cluding the Champion Stakes, 
but if not he’ll stay in training 
as a four-year okL" 

That normally fiercely com- 
petitive handicap; the Addi- 
son Tools Stakes, was turned 
into a procession when Mi- 

Newnes rides a double 

BQly Newnes rode his first 
winner since returning from a 
2%-yemr riding ban when be 
partnered My Baddy to victory 
in tbe Maple Leaf Maiden 
Auction Stakes at Catterick 

Newnes, who came back to a 
tnmaltaoBS reception from the 
crowd, said: .“That is my six- 

-■ ^1. mmuhar* 

the first is always the hardest, 
bat this is great." Half an bom- 
later, Newnes completed a doa- 
ble on the Henry Candy-trained 
Great Exception in tbe Weeping 
Willow Stakes. 

The coarse executive marked 
Newnes's achievement by 
presenting hint with two bottles 
of champagne to share with his 

Miahina mnm mllfHPUeX- 

Smith’s three-year-old to win 
five races in succession. 

“Aventino is in a race at 
Sandown in about 10 days' 
time where he is 21b better 
treated than today," Sutcliffe 
said. “After that we'll proba- 
bly have to sell him. It's a 
marvellous life and easy to 
train when you've got good 
horses. They do it all for you." 

Willie Carson bad his only 
winner of the afternoon when 
riding Mummy’s Favourite to 
a three-length victory over 
Royal Loft in the Bahrain 
Trophy. “She’s now got a 51b 
penalty for the Stewards’ Cup, 
but I haven't decided yet 
whether to run her," John 
Dunlop, the winning trainer, 

Ben Hanbury had news of 
Midway Lady, the winner of 
the 1,000 Guineas and Oaks. 
“The filly was jarred up after 
Epsom," the trainer said. 
“We’re going to start her 
cantering again on July 29. If 
we get some rain she'll be 
prepared for tbe Yorkshire 
Oaks. Otherwise it will be an 
autumn campaign including 
the Prix Vermeille and Prix de 
1'Arc de Triomphe.’’ 



A £5 million research fond 
has been set np to help combat 
the growing problem of viruses 
in raring stables and studs. 
Details of the fund were an- 
nounced at Newmarket yes- 
terday by Lord Porchester, tbe 
fhainmn of the trustees of tbe 
Equine Virology Research 

“In recent years the Mood- 
stock industry in tbe United 
Kingdom has experienced sev- 
eral serions outbreaks of disease 
initiated by viruses," Lord 
Porchester said. “Respiratory 
problems in some of onr leading 
stables have disrupted t rain i n g 
and many of tbe 
best horses have missed pres- 
tigious races whilst others have 
nm below their true form, to the 
frustration of the betting public. 
The incidence of virus abortions 
on stnds is also very worrying. 

The new research programme 
will concentrate on equine 
herpesvirus (EHV-1) which 
canses respiratory disease m 
horses in training, abortion in 
mares, and paralysis. The fund 
will enable veterinary scientists 
to mate nse of molecular biology 
f»wit genetic manipulation as 
they try to develop vaccines 
which are effective against 

stances she looks a worthy nap. 

Eddery can sustain his 
tremendous challenge for this 
years jockeys’ championship fry 
winning the Pttihp Comes 
Nickel Alloys Maiden Stokes on 
El Zeta, who finished only 
seven lengths behind Who 
Knows on his debut at Salisbury 
last month. , . , 

In the meantime the form ot 
that race has been upheld by 
both Who Knows, wbo finished 
second in the July States on 
Wednesday, and Don t Forget 
Me. who won a hotly-contested 
race at Sandown last Saturday. 
The danger this afternoon is 
likely to come from Rich Char- 
lie, who was deemed good 
enough to make his racecourse 
debut in the Coventry Stakes at 
Royal Ascot of all races. 

Otherwise at York it should 
pay to follow Michael Stoute 

feel that he may well be up to 
beating the disappointing Bois 
De Boulogne. 

Sweet Mover, a beautifixUy- 
bred filly by Nijinsky, did 
enough in her two races as a 
two-year-old at Goodwood and 
Newbury to suggest that she 
ought to be capable of beating 
the likes of Sherzad and Nordic 
Pleasure in the Henry Gee 
Maiden Stakes. 

Finally, Bushido stands out as 
a good bet to beat Glint Of 
Gold’s brother. Emerald Point, 
in the Infants Maiden Stakes at 
Lingfield following that eye- 
catching performance at Salis- 
bury in the spring when he an 
but beat Henry Candy’s Oaks 
runner. Broken Wave. 

Course specialists 


TRAWERS: J Dunlop. 2B vHn mlr mm 
runners. 3Z2%i ^ Sttul* 26 tom 126, 
20.6%; C Nelson. 6 IWw jB. 18-8*. 
• 55 winners from 

ana Walter Swinburn. Last year jocnewm rom 

Mpas.?aa « 

rics Handicap with Truly Rare 
and now they are hoping. that 
the improving Shafy will give a 

performance at the ex- 


pense of the course and distance 
winner. London Bus. The latter, 
not surprisingly, found the sub- 
sequent Royal Ascot winner. 
Moon Madness, too good at 

Five Farthings, a runaway 
winner at Newbury midway 
through June, should be another 
winner for Stoute and Swinburn 
in the Sia Mancbester-Singapore 
Handicap in which Auction 
Fever will be blinkered for the 
first time. Being by Hello Gor- 
geous out of a mare by Auction 


TRAINERS; G Harwood. 36 winners from 
MS rumeni.24£%; I BaWna 16 tarn 75. 
21.3%; J SufdWte. 14 fnm ». 

JOCKEYS: G Startey. 33 wnrere 

TOnSm. 1 8J>%; S to™ 1 10 < 

162%; B Rotaa, *6 from 37 B, 12.7%. . 


TRAMBt& W Hem, 14 winnOT trom 3? 
runners, 3 53%; p Kg” *”** 5 ™r 
22.7%; G Pritehard-Gotdon. 6 torn 28. 

JOCKEYS: W Carson, 18 winners from 82 
SSr22JI%: Pet Eddery.13 frwri 59, 
SSLXTfc; B Thomson, 9 from 43. 20S%- 

Blinkered first time 

LMGHBJk 30 Biotin. 830 Better Be- 
ware. Aimt Etty. 430 Wtaanl Magic. 
YOtUt 2.40 My Ton Ton. He«o Benz. 340 

Auction Fevar. 4.10 Pattern. 

CHESTER: 630 Remembrance. 730 
State Jester. 


- c* 


Tetovtaed: 2.40, 3.10, 3^0. 4.10 
Going: good to Aim 

Draw: »-6f, tow numbers best 

2.10 BLACK DUCK STAKES (2-Y-O: £4,012: 61) (4 runnnefs) 

good. J une 6, 1 2 rare AMOK) £000 
, £7585. Ann, Juno 30, 6 nm). PHILIP 

102 112 cwmetwe 

104 1 3111 GLOWAGAB 


J?o iswEPTOKF-nwimn) 

(RedUni Inn Lto>CT Mder82. 

onltoCrae Bay 
31 3rd to In 



Ball sets 8 

4£ CHme Time. 11-4 Glow Again. 3-1 Reatswood Shooter. 33-1 1 Swept m. 

ion (83) pi. E1935, soft, Apr 23, 6 refly. 

York selections 

By Mandarin 

2.10 Chime Time. 2.40 Shafy. 3. 1 0 IMPERIAL JADE (nap). 3.40 
Five Farthings. 4.10 El Zeta. 4.40 Eastern Song. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

2.40 Shafy- 3.10 Hi-Tech GirL 3.40 five Bmhtags. 4,10 H ZeB. 

4.40 Sir Arnold, 

By Michael Seely 

3. JO IMPERIAL JADE (nap). 3.40 Five Farthings. 

3.40 siA MANCHESTER-SWGAPORE HANDICAP (£5,952: 1m 4f)(6) 

GHu«er4*-7 GCanerpJ? 




013-143 SWIMMER I 
3100-01 FIVE FART! 
041100 ROMtOSM( 

405 31-00 HAPPY BREEDfH 
407 3-20232 AUCTION FEVHt 

406 00-0440 OffYN BACH (Mrs 

M Stoute 40-2 W RSwMnan t 

N THder 4-94 

Kin Tinkler (5)5 
Boucher) C Britain 3-88_ 

asstt? = . B Jssss 











DO CMVABbsr^A) JDurtopW 

30 SWBtALDPOWriBaldhgMgJ 

g_4 Auction Fever. 10030 Swknmor. 4-1 Rve Farthtoge. 11-3 BonloaW, 7-1 Pipyn 
Bach, 10-1 Happy Breed. 


K a, £3153. good - 
Folk Dance 
Twckowr course --- 
HAPPY BICHI M W tom; jq , 

L'Boflo (M) Wl at Lto^ekl 
" 112nd to Brown Thach* 

£3,866:61) (12) 



204 32-41 SHAFYflWJI 

206 414-COO MY-TONTON 

207 00-112 LWtoON 

2 oa 44ira» aiwf»sq 

209 104)00 SOMETHING 

214 0-13 FOREMAST 

217 000190 CO raW O NF 
219 40042 

■*wuL«sunreriaMWfl^*w«i-JOM^ i 


\) U Brtaa^ 7-13 _- 
IH Easwrtjy 7-10. 

_ Pit Eddery 7 

M Fry 1 











^ _ ^PSssSHdM 


0 a U 

K Hodgson 7 
M Wood 11 

Rifle 9 


Q Carter [3)5 

W Carson 2 
K Bradshaw [312 
|| Rktendsoo (7) 6 
J Reid 4 
J Lowe 8 

Draw. numbers best 
2J0 INFANTS MAIDEN STAKES (£1,207: 1m 4f) (12 
runnere) _ 

1 0 RBtoCEYES BOYAPayfeon |»7 P 

2 04 APH& ARABESQUE LCjfln»l4-%4 IJotanolO 


0/3 TOMS TREASURE R AkahuTSt 4»4_— — - R 7 

^ BajQVBtNFIO&BW)GHawood33^ BOeWf 



N Howe 4 

00 WWDY~ WXLOW M Frahcia —---^Pant Edder y3 
„ fi NICE PRESENT (USA) R Armstrong 3-02- RCwrartTI 
Evens Bushido, 11-4 Emerald PoW, 4-1 Beloved IntkM. 
T3-2 Btanln g Bright. 9-1 Seat OT^aarnlig^ltMotfrws^^ ^^ 

Lingfield selections 

By Mandarin 
2.0 Bushido. 2.30 Juwmk<^nqiusi£ 3^Hed«a 
Helix. 330 Kheta King. 4.0 Albert HaiL 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0 Burning Bright. 2.30 Juveniledelinquent. 330 
Khe ta King. 4,30 Helawe. 


BLAZMQ WGH [AIB) L PiggrXt B-11 GSttekasS 

CHRJBAMG J Ounto p B-11 

30000 BI0TM 

6 0 HEOW 

8 30 MALACHI LAD Pet flWiaO f-11 

13 3 FARY CHINES R StUlhs 8-8 

8 - 8 - 


Q DofMd 4 


(3-Y-a £2,600: 1m 4«) (16) 

3 0414 SW BRErt (B)P Kefcway 9-7 QW» Wto*BLW .9 

4 fflfll MCMflSffirtjM swSEShi* 

7 040 LE MOIAJN K BrwseyM S AlSSe3 

back with 
one below 
the belt 

Boxing Correspondent 

If Tim Witherspoon was con- 
fident of beating Frank Bruno, 
he came away doubly certain 
that he would return home to 
the United States with his 
World Boxing Association 
heavyweight title, after his 
“controntaiion" with the chal- 
lenger for publicity’s sake 

“There were certain things * 
aw that told me a lot about 
Bruno." Witherspoon aid after 

the meeting, which was hdd at a 

hotel midway between 
Witherspoon's camp at Basil- 
don and the home of Bruno s 
manager. Terry Lawless, at 
Hornchurch, wfrere . Bruno is 
Staying while be trains for his 
challenge at Wembley Stadium 
on July 19. 

“Man, you don't want to take 
seriously all those things 1 said 
about making Bruno pay be- 
cause he said 1 was Hash. 1 was 
pushing him to see what his 
mental condition is like. I found 
he was nervous," Witherspoon 
said. “Check this out. He made 

eye contact but when I pressured 

him be looted away. 

“London is his home town and 
he did not have anything to say. 
He was merely capitalizing on 
what I was saying. He was not 
leading. I reckon that's bow be is 
going to fight. He said some- 
thing like *You had better be 
there when the bell rings and 
keep the belt polished*. That is 
what James Broad said, or 
something like it, and 1 knocked 
him out in the second rountv . 

Witherspoon was relaxed at 
the press conference wide 
Bruno was a little introspective. 
The champion unleased a senes 
of combinations but he did not 
have it all his own way. Bruno 
boxed clever and caught 
Witherspoon with a good few 
sneaky ones: “I hope 1 won't 
have to fight all those people 
you have brought , with you ; 
and when Witherspoon said that 
he runs six miles a day Bruno 

countered with “I do that on my 

day off"; and “He’s a good 
champion but as Larry Holmes 
said his attitude stinks and his 
lifestyle stinks". 

Clearly this was a reference to 
the marijuana episode that al- 
most cost Witherspoon his title 
and implied that the champion s 
dedication is not all it should be. 

That hurt Witherspoon. “1 
said what I am going to do on 
the night- Bruno did not say 
what he was going to do, that 
shows he does not know. He just 
reads magazines about wbai 
Holmes says about me and 
Holmes isn’t going to say any- 
thing about me after I whupped 
his butt. When I finish training 
I'm going to lode myself up in 
my room and stare at Bruno's 
picture on the wall and get 
myself ready to whup him as I 
whupped Hol mes." 

the lash 

By Conrad Voss Baric 

? "£ SS&S!S|!aii=.«M 

{7 DM SSSe™ imes 8-11. nlSlT 

18 MO RISK ANOTHER P MBrtfl B-11_ — ; — _Pm* ggOf P 

i si on gaatser** 11 

27 -000 RANELAQH W HoMm 84 

32 0300 PM0K W VWafTtman 7-12 

33 0000 AUNTETTY 
36 0000 HOORAY HI 

u f rw ri k Over. 7-0 Disciple. 4-1 Up To Unde. 8-1 Better 
Beware. 11-2 Khett Ktoft. 9-1 Sir Bran, 10-1 Final Alma. 12-1 
Priok. 16-1 otfwre 

to JULY HANDICAP (£3,142: 1m 2 1) (4) 

5 0-00 OUNMEDAttRC Brittain 441-7 — 

7 MS MAJUUNICtol BaltSnq7-9-5 — 

16 4404 BWS CRUSMEG Lewis 3-7-7. 

85 N Adam 2 

* (S>10 

J Francome 7-10___ - 
.TON Pat MBchel 7-7 ODIcBeS 




301 «0314 pUByN.^(^l^i M K |^g^ri 

1, s Q, Henri, 8t El Zeta, 6-t Patheio. RW? Charge. 8-1 KaWdophona. 10-1 
DartU DJSrtKhgSM2:i Sugden. 14-1 oftere 

4.40 MONKGATE MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: £3,092: 7f) (12) 


0340 masmsmii 


j 04- SNAiWY WLL (Sr T , , , , r. l ..nn,rnnn 

a** N Bee. 7-2 Abadjeco. 11-2 Rue St Jacques. Sir Arnold. 8-1 Eastern Song 

Kabdartya. 12-1 otoera- 

DAuiOTS'lfoNQl^T Hrttehteon Cfl 12 


BBSSSblUS P MtoW 8-11B 

W Woods (3)7 

PaulEddHy 5 
8-11 PBJooraBoWII 
_ B Roue 10 

11-10 «wt HaB, 13-8 Ktogo Crusade, 5-1 Gundredn, 7-1 

430 PEMBURY HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £2,491: 61) (11) 

2 0381 HBAWEJB) fl» J Winter 88 — _____ S Craflen I 
4 340- AUTO ELEaMMBE M FattKfston-Godtey 87 

03 WER0N PlffiSS DArixtoWt 811 

04 LAZOI (B) C Benstaail 811 — 

HAX ©cuTE J SuicSHe 8-11 - 
UUADTHB R Akahurat 811 — 

000 PRWCE MAC WtonipB-11 _ 

0 RANT ON Miss B Sanders 811 

00 TPTRffi R Hannon HI 

o , at-ztea Hah. 100-30 Ltzim, 7-2 Kiwon Press, 81 
WoStoSE 8-tScka Brother. 181 Hay^madaue. 
1 others. 

, 0=00 mflWWASne 

C Rutter PI 5 

. RMcGMo 15 

_ p waunos 

15 0000 GLJEADHttiB* 
18 0000 nHOOM MAMO Bl 
24 0340 StLVER FOBM Wl 


31 0-00 SHARP S TABLE B 

32 080 WaZARDMlM 


SWMtworih 10 

85 MRjWBierA 

. NAdansS 

MtehaH7-13 GDuflWd 7 

PMHChfl7-11 — 1 

AMeM g!5S7?TwS^3 


Huynee T i Mm* 1 1 
7-7 MLTbo«Ma2 

im HetawB. 4-1 SBrer Form. 81 Wa r_Wagon . 11-2 
GtoadU Pa*. 81 Rndan Manor, 9-1 Auto Begance. 181 
Sharp Stadia, 181 ottiere. ______ 

James) A Stewart * 
■TUMI (Lord Ronetostiay) 
DANESHOOR (J Ra mon) J Hangm 

H Warden) M H Eastecby 811 — M fled 5 
WBsey 811. 


A Jarvis 4^6 

PtoEddm 7 

Bb Tlntder P) 1® 



904 031130 W^i&^Wicte^LWRWWtewa^ 

“ SUSS Si SSMiS* I R,*.! G "«*» 7 SU»gi 

^ 7-1 P “ P ' W 

TrueNora/^AiriigoLnco. 12-1 athflTS ' 

Newmarket results 

cr«lt ABADJERO (9-0) >il 2nd to Ltoneraion PO) 


sraiGhU mto^^toow In a Group 2 and a 



Brm. Juno 14. 18 ran). 

£684. “ 

aas tsaassssi ■ 


Going: good to ftm 
Draw: low numbers best 


(£1,660:71 122yd) (18 runners) 

ra BgcGtesrsiraTafta 

S % 

10 «wia,wo»Ds«cii5w»- I , 

-444 GJUJHAR M BtanafttnJ 5-810 — PSkaltoa(5)9 

7^0 UTCO GROUP HANDICAP (3.746: 1m 4f 
65yds) (6) 

3 3210 GULFLAMJ (BF) G Pritet««WSortlon 887 

SI330RSXIRD WHG IWI) D Keyde Jones 881» VWjtom 
7 0C? CABRAL (CW) C Mfcr 5-8-11 

11 2^ eOAtTcKAfoR 0KA)B H» ^6- 

12 2202 REGAL STEaRHoBrahiad 881 — 

13 2-04 EARL’S COURT H B Franas 187-7_ 

Indtai Orator, 82 Reflel Steal. 81 GuMand. 7-1 

a tf acMoa : A1TCH IVI 

i4 0230 

16 0000 REMatBRANCEM RE P reax* 587 

17 0034 KAMAREMM Brittain 48tM 
19 810 ABJAD R VMDO*ouse 8831 

(Smith 887 

S Hustler 3 

25 jubtant Lady. B tan. IL 1W M, 3L ML 

W ^watSwttToW ^Oft W-to. 

El mTb. 60. DP. £21 ja CSP £8080. 

■^ter Stewards inqiwyreteJtt stands. 

2,45 1. PEISTSBUiE (M Roberts, 
it2/Roaa Duet W Cqnnorton, 7-U 3, 

81): 2. 

,20 St John# 


2 fav 
Oriental Jade 
Bootoam Lad. 

iCuey. 81L ALSO RAN: 
" Eurocon 


1M" a « UTTER IT WS. 4- 



... 14 Ktoie Cuddles, 20 


j at Mafton. Tots: £7 JO: 

£2.70. E1J0. DP E2Z50. CSP. 

££0^3. No bid. 
aaonm 51 isowni. mwoon GIRL ip Megar 

6 ran. «L 3L 2»L 5L R 
S'jOTDFrMJa CSF; 1(L2a 

W, nk, 8L a H C^ndyot Wi 
£320: El .10, £3.70. £1.60. 

CSP £37.84. .. 

^(TOI, WORMDAYO JohnwiL 10- 

[Kb, 8-1)- ALSb RA^I; 82 
ARM 9 Kanteress (584. 10 La BaBe 

20 obbfl SHAMC RQHTB1 D McCam 383 DwM Eddraf 7 

24 0000 ONE Ft» THEOTCH Mrs C Uoyd-Jones 


27 iM WALHAN M Edday 87-1 2 J Carter 15 

1 £> atYiSiRwraTKraw 87-n J Wart rail 

29 8000 HAIRS GW- L Bsnafl/7-10 PW817 

CabraL 181 Earls Court. 181 Record Wing. 

£2,154: 1m2f 85yd) (11) 

3 0080 WTCHENSTOWN D McCain 9-0 
5 3300 MAKE PEACE I Baldng 9-0 

? ^ 8S8c hSSm [US ^B \m JJSS 2 

a a ssBKa&fe===iL'sai 
s sas?Maaas6u,TSi^»6-i» 

22 800 WELSH 

30 400 TARLET0N P Rohan 87-10- 



(M Wood. 81k 8. 
Caiarnock. 181k 4, f 

. Wendy Carter 14 

81 Winter Words. 82 Daritt. JotolW Konraw, 
gah ar* Shadow, 181 Scoutaniistaka, 181 ™o Gan, Abjad, 
181 Gartiar, 181 omers. 

Swinburn, 7-4 

lRAIt i 84L^]yM , 5'p2L Ma 

Cyrano do M 

tmKnvf (5fh). Ora To 


jgSiJrRiflW.w™" 8 

fPWSSmimi^ Totto 
&S aSfoJM. £1.10. DP EZ2flL 
CSF; E5LB0. 

4L2S (im 4f 1 

5 rSvANMaB, 12 Home Bert (5th). , 

8 Crystal mw=j m i Rhapaot 

g ran. Nft Torrigga. 1) 



_ eSJt?!i(L W: £2B^0- CSP 
27022- Trieast E899J0- 
Ptecepot E30-1S. 

fl Gerry Blum, who won his firet 

group race wth Stay Low in 

rhis year, paid 

for Assagfawi at 
July sales yes- 
winner of a Redcar 

Tom Jones last 

month. Assagfawi will remain 
with Blum for the rest of the Flat 

•Jimmy Fitzgrraklsaddled his 
first two-year-old winner of the 
season when Peter’s Blue landed 
the Silver Birth Selling Stakes at 
Catterick yesterday. 

Chester selections 

By Mandarin 

6JQ Winter Words. 6.55 Gay's Flutter. 7-20 
Indian Orator. 7.50 Sweet Mover. &20 Battleaxe. 
8.50 African Rex. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
6.55 Alhayat- 7.20 Gulfland. 7.50 Sherzad. 8J0 
Battleaxe. 8-50 African Rex. 

Midiael Seely’s selection: 7.50 Sherzad. 


188 Sherzad, 81 Nonfle Ptea3u re>2 Bhmu aMihv.M 
HepOyi. 1CM Make p*aaa, 12-1 Weteh PaoerailTy. 181 others. 

K20 CARDINAL PUFF STAKES (2-Y-O: £2^68: 7f) 







STAKES (£31245: 5f) (8) 

)R Boss 811 — ECBMtmj 

IJ0IW811— DWflwWj 




* BRA23UM 

— 7 

3 2322 DOWO ROSEN Tinkler 811. .... . 

11 mMLEYOUSNE Wheeler 811 ww fS22S 

12 40 GATS PUmHtCNebon 811 

17 04 PS4BREASYR Hoarahead811 S Prato 3 

» 3 ULTRA NOVA (8F)P Cote 811 — TOutofll 

188 Gay'S Putter, 82 Uftra Nova. _ 81 Brazien Wncesa. 

1 3311 BATTLEAXE JTrtwM- — — 

s zggssmsr “ 

e e cAHJaetn woofl™ ” ... 

7 EMPEROR HOTFOOT R Johnson HonWonMl^^ 3 

o qouldswoooe Wheeler 811 I 

10 0811 WFTT^RWhttltof811 

13 00 TAHARD R HoBntfWto8-11 S™“5 

15 o BLACK MANS BAY J Bfterfngton 88 Mllood2 

84 Bois de Boulogne, 81 Btfflewe, 82 «ob hot. jM 
mv Grtt. Bade Mans Bay. 1811 

TrtSd. 14*1 others. 

&50 RED DEER HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £3,152: 5f) (10) 


*813 — A Read 1 
_ HBfechB 
W Mbmw B 

. NCatMeB 


A handout from the Royal 
Society for die Protection of 
Birds complains that anglers are 
doing very little to stop swans 
dying from lead poisoning. The 
society says that a recalculation 
of the evidence showed that 
something of die order of 3370 
to 4,190 swans die in England 
every year from ingesting fishing 

The evidence is provided in a 
detailed report from Dr 
CJM .Perrins to the Nature 
Conservancy Council which 
summed ap the post-mortem and 
other evidence in surveys made 
by the Department of Agri- 
culture nwd Fisheries and other 
bodies over a period of years. 

However yon jnggle with 
statistics, and you can juggle a 
lot, the evidence is conclnsive- 
Many thousands of swans have 
died and are dying from eating 
lead shot ased by coarse fisher- 
men as weights for float fishing 
and ledgers. Here are a few of 
the many points made by Dr 
Perrins in his report: 

On the Thames to the Ihst 
week of the coarse fishi ng 
season in 1984, eight cygnets 
had to be taken from the r iver m 
tbe first week alone, on e with a 
hook in its c«sopliagE3 s C€SK^E£fi| 
the other seve n ^ wi th fishing 
weights in their gizzard. 

In the Richmond area of foe 
Thames, very popular with 
coarse fishermen, a pound and a 
half of lead shot was recovered 
from a search area of 120 square 
metres (some 366 sqmre feet). 

Most weights fond had teen 
used-Tbey were rither attached 
to nylon, broken in half, or had 
the split dosed. A very few 
ledger and airgoo pellets were 
found and no gnnsbet pellets. 

It is not only weigh** to- 
carded over many years which 
caase the problem. Take one 
example within two months of a 
pond near Coalville, Leicester- 
shire, being opened for fishing 
for Che first time, a swan which 
died from lead poisoning had 
eight split shot in its gizzard. 

In some popahr coarse fish- 
ing areas, more birds are dying 
i from lead poisoning than from 
all other caases of death added 

5 0008 RUNAWAY 

6 0803 

q, j 9 -400 THE HtCOTE CLUB R WooctiOUGfl - 

14 0000 tt»ALALASS(C-mi 
16 884 NAQSi L Baratt 7-7 

7-1 Ateyrt^O-i DOffte Rom, 181 ottiere 

17 4000 MAYBE JAYNE A W Ja ws W — ^ 

18 -000 MARSHALL OWLLS R WhSater 7-7- A 
2-1 African Rax, 7*2 SayPardoaNoB ' 

Mandrake Madam. 81 Impela Lux 181 The 
others. ' 

That is some of the evidence. 
There is Rime, or very little, 
about Scotland or Wales. 
Presamably fewer swans and 
more fly fishmg. It is the coarse 
fishermen of EngUnd who come 
under the lash. 

Newport’s award 

Phil- Newport, of Worcester- 
shire. has been named Websters 
Yorkshire Bitter fast bowler for 
June. Newport received a tro- 
phy and chkiue for £500 

. • if 




How saving pace can 
reverse the losing 
trend for Miss Budd 

By Pat Botcher, Athletics Correspondent 

After some of the thin fields Mrs Puica could do dial job like 
at the Goodwill Games in themselves, since they will bod 
Moscow, camouflaged by doubtless have a pacemaker to Imc 
Joyner and Bubka's world help them. Miss Budd should j, 

Joyner and Bubka's world 
records, Johnson’s 9.95 sec 
100 metres and Donkova's 
12.40 sec hurdles, the PeugBot 
Talbot Games at Crystal Pal- 
ace this evening, the eighth 
Mobil grand prix meeting of 
the season, looks like an 
orchestra following a suing 

It is not simply the 13 
Olympic champions (at the 
latest count), nor the accom- 
paniment of other Olympic 
medal winnert and world class 
athletes in the different fields, 
but primarily the top class 
contests in several events. 

Like Zola Budd v Maricica 
Puica in the women's 2,000 
metres. There is no sign that 

then pate herself the way 
Mary Slaney does. No, not by 
filing down, but by saving 
enough to increase the pace 
throughout the last lap to duB 
Mrs Puica's superior sprint. 

On the political front, Keith 
Connor, the retired Common- 
wealth and European triple 
jump champion, who is help- 
ing- to organize the' meeting, 
maintains that he has had a 
favourable reaction from sev- 
eral of the Mack members of 
England's Commonwealth 
Games team for making some 
sort of demonstration against 
Miss Budd’s inclusion in the 
team for Edinburgh. 

But that will be too late for 

Johnny Gray was also on 
the plane, and he was discon- > 

solate. Although he had won 
the 800m in Moscow, he could 
not believe bow badly he felt. 
He beat Sebastian Coe in 
Stockholm last week in the 
year’s fiistest time, but he said: 
“If I feel the same against Coe 
at Crystal Palace as I did in 
Moscow, then he should have 
no trouble in getting his 
revenge." It will not be as easy 
as that, of course, for Coe, but 
he must start at an advantage, 
with a sell-out crowd of almost 
20,000 behind him. 

The women’s 400 metres 
should be the best ever run in 
Britain. Valerie Brisco-Hooks, 

once and just over it twice for 
1,500 metres this season. She 
has beaten Miss Budd, almost 
16 years her junior, on all five 
of their meetings, beginning 
with that infamous Olympic 
3,000 metres final, which Mrs 
Puica won. 

But the youngster is gradu- 
ally improving, and should 
soon start to reverse that 
losing trend. The world record 
of 5 min 28.72 sec by the 
discredited (for drug taking) 
Tatyana Kazankina should be 
expunged from the lists, and 
the International Amateur 
Athletics Association should 
also take the moral responsi- 
bility for banning dope takers 
for life. 

But, as far as the record is 
concerned. Miss Budd and 

the Commonwealth Games 
over lack of British sanctions 
against South Africa, but also, 
it is believed, over Miss 
Budd's selection. On the plane 
from Moscow yesterday, 
Imoh was more disbelieving 
than disconsolate. *Tve just 
run my best-ever time (10.04 
behind Johnson, but in front 

fastest in the world this year 
and unbeaten at any distance. 
Other top Americans, 
Chandra Cheeseborough and 
Diane Dixon, also compete 
against Commonwealth 
favourite, Grace Jackson. But 
Debbie Flintofl; who ran the 
fifth fastest intermediate hur- 
dles last week, could surprise 

ocuiuu juuuat/u, _, • 

of Carl Lewis, 10.06). I’ve focm alL 

gauged my whole season to Steve Cram has given up 

peak for the Commonwealth 
Games, and this happens.” 

Imoh is down to run the 
100m, but he said he would 
prefer to race at 200m against 
Lewis, who maintained again 
in Moscow; *Tve always said 
that this was going to be a 
relatively low-key season for 
me. Pm not too bothered by 

chasing Coe to compete in the 
1,000m, where he should be 
untroubled, as should Evelyn 
Ashford in the 200m. and 
Sergei Litvinov's coach main- 
tained that he wiO break the 
hammer world record soon. 
He does not have the current 
holder, Yuri Sedykh, to test 
him tonight, but, after his 

the defeat by Johnson.” And tf recent results, that record 
they meet « p»n tonight, it is must be a possibility. 

Skeete in a class by herself 

By Cliff Temple 

Lesley- Ann Skeete. a pupil at 
Millfiefd School Somerset, and 
a member of the England team 
for the Commonwealth Games, 
defends her 100 metres hurdles 

title in the English Schools Milk 
track and field championships 
which begin at the Mountbatten 
Centre, Portsmouth, this 

There are those who would 
say that the schools event, with 
its 2.000 competitors, packed 
stands, tight-knit programme 
and emotional atmosphere, is 
the more intimidating of the two 
major events that Miss Skeete is 
tackling this month. Already 
this season she has finished 
runner-up in the United King- 
dom and Women's AAA 
championships, performances 
which helped to keep the 
Commonwealth champion. 

Shirley Strong, out of England’s 

Miss Skeete. whose prelimi- 
nary heats are the first in today's 
seven hours and a half of 
competition (and whose final is 
one of the last of tomorrow's 
similarly packed timetable), 
may do the programme printers 
a favour by bettering the 
championship record of 13.7sec 
which she shares with five other 
girls, dating back from 1 974. She 
has a wind-assisted 1 3.24sec and 
a legal 13^0sec to her credit this 

Johan Bcukesjs&sd 18, from 
Brighton College, has immense 
talent but bias been 'over- 

competing at Portsmouth who 
will men be travelling on to the 
inaugural world junior 
championships in Athens begin- 
ning next Wednesday - and 
finishing on Sunday Sharpe, 
who is no longer at school and 
Boakes are among the 1,500 
metres favourites 

shadowed in recent months by 
David Sharpe. In the next 10 
days he has the chance to come 
out of the shade. 

Boakes is one of 11 athletes 




Mahony reaps 
rewards of 
his endeavour 

Centenary bait 
for potential 
League patrons 

Cowdray Park 
turn tables 
on Southfield 

By Michael Coleman 

Dominic Mahony, one of the 
few Britons at the Goodwill 
Games in Moscow, performed 
admirably to take tenth [dace in 
the modem pentathlon. In a 
contest of a higher quality than 
at the world championships or 
Olympic Games (there was no 
restriction on the number of 
competitors from the Soviet 
Union, where modem pentaih- 
letes are as prolific as ice hockey 
players), second lieutenant 
Mahony turned in a fine perfor- 
mance to record a high total of 
5,297 points. 

An indication of the quality of 
Russian competitors is seen by 
the fact that Anatoly Slarosti n, 
Olympic champion of 1980, 
world champion in 1984, and 
winner of the recent Bir- 
mingham international, could 
only manage fifth place 

Potential Football League 
sponsors were yesterday offered 
the incentive of major centenary 
celebrations to sign a three-year 
deal. Three companies, includ- 
ing Guinness, are interested in 
replacing Canon as the League’s 
multi-millioa pond backers. 

By John Watson 

Barrie GB l chairman of the 
League consultants, CSS, said: 
“New sponsors will be getting i 
double false. The m a nagem ent' 
committee are planning major 
celebrations for the 1987-1988 ! 
centenary season and interested 
parties will be made aware of 
them.” I 

• Chesterfield, .of the third di- I 
vision, have agreed terms with | 
the French forward, Oliver 
Bernadonx, formerly with 
Nantes, who is st u d y i n g at 
Leeds University. He is a tenner 
Young European Footballer of, 
the Year. 

RX& 521 : 3 . ■ 
4 . H Yusarov 
S, , A Starosdn (USSR). 
MW 8 . Y Lipeyev (USSR). 5385 . British 
ptactef# 10 . 0 Mahony (G 8 ), & 297 . 
Woman 1 . T Ctamtostaya (USSR). 
5 . 280 : 2 . S MorrasseejFr). 5 . 175 : 3 . L 
Norwood (US), 5 . 175 ; a. B Kotawaka (PoQ. 
5 . 133 : 5 . P NMssn (Den). 5 . 120 : 6 . C 
Detemer (Ft). 5 . 062 . Brtiltohjmcings: 77 . 

L Bad pi 4 J 1 & 31 , M Robert] 
a. 875 : 35 . T Purton ( 08 ). 4 . 587 : 
H<*ng»n (SSL 4418 . 

• Speculation that the Northern 
Ireland manager, BOly Bing- 
ham, oonld be joining a foreign 
deb increased - when Martin 
Harvey resigned as coach of 
Plymouth. The tenner Sunder- 
land player has landed a job 
abroad but has been sworn to 
secrecy about his destination. 
He was assistant to Bingham in 
Che World Cap hi Mexico. 

The British Open champion- 
ship continued at tbe 
Arobersbam ground at 
Midhursi yesterday with one of 
the most crucial matches of the 
tournament. Southfield bad 
gone into the fixture with 
Cowdray Park leading League 1 
with two victories but it was 
their opponents, one of four 
teams trailing with only one 
win, who emerged triumphant 
by a resounding 1 1 goals to 6. • 

Notwithstanding the loss of 
Novacs and Pearson. Cowdray 
have now developed into as 
powerfula combination as for a 
long time. Samuel Moreno, who 
flew in from Chile three weeks 
ago to replace Novaes. has been 
going from strength to strength. 
Marlin Glue, who has been 
slotted into their number three 
position, is now patently under 
handicapped, and so is Gren- 
ville Waddingion, whom they 
deploy at one. 

It was sad to see the former 
champions. Southfield, go un- 

der quite so cnishingly, since 
Gat a. which Owen Rinehart | 
rode in the fourth chukka and i 
Tatum in the fifth, were particu* 1 

laxly impressive. 
While Mom 



( 5 - 1 ). 6 ran. Nk. 3 L J DirtnTWK £ 220 : 
£ 1 . 40 . £ 5 . 10 . DF: E 23 J 0 L CSV: £ 27 . 01 . 
Afiar » stewnrtJs" Inquiry tlM rasuR stood. 

an ( 6 f) 1 . r anwbw (P« Erttory. 742 ): 2 . 
Young Jason ( 10-11 lav): a Suddsn 
Impact ( 9 - 2 ). 5 ran. Sb nd, ah hd. 0 
Bsworth. Tow £ 180 ; £ 1 . 70 , £ 1 . 10 . DF: 
£ 2 . 80 - CSF: £ 6 - 81 . 

430 (1m 21 } 1 . StJtari Mo ham ad (W 

Career, - ~ 


Going: firm 

8 J 0 ( 71 ) 1 . Angara Abysa R 3 stariray. 4 - 
9 tavL 2 . AkB-Bua (S- 1 ); 3 . Baffle Hrfghtt 
( 11 - 1 ). 7 fan. a a. NR: Fourth Lad. G 
Harwood. Tow £ 1 . 40 : £ 1 . 50 . £ 1 . 80 . DF; 
£ 1 . 60 . CSF £ 347 . After a stewards' 
inquiry (ha resuH stood. 

70 ( 1 m 4 f) 1 .Pnrplo(E 
Double Option ( 6 - It 3 . Aussie 
The Ute 7-2 lav. 13 ran. NFL Farm 
NO Stopping- 31 . 3 ft hd. F Jordan. 
£ 11 . 40 : 72 *. £ 350 . £ 1 . 70 . Oft CSSM. 
CSF: £48.47. Tricast E30O9G. 

1. to Fact (Pat Eddary. Brans 
- Bolder, Male's 

7.30 (im) I.PafadtnjW Carson. 15-8 
favfc Z Joyful Dancer (20-1); 3. Cascabel 

1 ) 5 ran NR: No Bolder. Mate's 
Valentine. Nk. SL J Tree. Tot* £ 100 : 
£ 1 . 10 . £ 1 20 . DF: £l 20 . CSF: £ 230 . 

While Moreno and Glue 
consistently marked and sub- 
dued the time-honoured duo of 
Rinehart and Alan Kent, almost 
every time Southfield opened a 
promising attack Paul Withers 
was inevitably there with his 
mighty backhanders to turn it 
Waddingion was sharper than 
ever at one and Glue magnifi- 
cently confident in the pivot 

Unfortunately for South**'* 
Rinehart kept pulling 1 
ally shots. 

SOUTHFIELD: 1 J Yeoman (l), 2 A Kant 
(8). 3 O Rinehart (9). Bach D Jtonean (3). 





itiWTOWft tomwe wrai ew Me waaesa. 
Austria 4 (Wattn namoa Draft Marfa 

NEWPORT, mod* Wand: Had <ri Fton* 
man's cbemeioMbfanc Sacond mtmfc T 
WDkoon (US)txB prewenjAua] 5-7.53.6-2: 

lost to J McDonald ii -2, 11 

u. !—. a vmt C fiaes and L IMHama tat 
» M&andoiera aad _P Kong 515. 15-7. w- 
12: Sutton and A Spawn M Lang an d 
McDonald 150. 1M- .STfeS 

Doody and L Rotam M K Jure and T Smrt 
15 - 11 . 5-15. 15-5. Used doart**: P Sutton 

5*MFtar(US|WC . 
VteWr ISA) bt T GuMuon 
PERUOlA.ttsbr Woman '< 

and Mtts S DOO* test to M Scandotera and 
Mrs A Tudtey 155 . 153 . 

PSRIftA. Hater Woman's 
namaot Q u mtoH ta a lS! 1 

MNW (WG) 7-5. 6-1; I M 


Group A (ZangtaS): Spain 125. Panama 7ft 
Brazi IlSTGraaea »Hwx* 101. South 
Koras W. Group B (H Farroft some! Untan 
111 , Unxuay 62 Cuba ST- Angola 53; 


85. Wna Germara 76: Chtaaj M, jw 
7ZtWtedSWw73.ft*»«eoTZ „ 
(Swto due da T«Mfttok Canada 98. . ^ 
MtfMrtgnK 79: YunoslUria 57. Argentina 6& 
Now Zealand 77. Malaysia 75. 

Sdh(ltK(Naffi) 53. 84: N n»Hinsa> ini U, n 
hJot (US) 7-5. 7-ft C Barn* (Hurt M F 



Tour matches 

Lakenhsm: Minor Counties v New 
Zealanders (11.0 to 6.Q) 

Dumfries: Scotland v Indians (11,0 

to 7.0) | 

C tw l mal ant Essex v Sussex. Old 
TmlftMb Lancashire, v Glamorgan. 
Leicester LUcesutahSn *. Noil — 
stars. Teddlngioa: Middlesex v 
shtfe- Norti ra mptor t Nortiamptonslrae' . 
Yarfcshirs. Starter. Wa rwickshire y ; 
SamerssL Worcester: Worce st ershire v ■ 
DertjyslwB. < 

CIATKM HANKMGS: 1. M Nawradova (US; 
2 C Uojrd IU» 3. S Gnd (WG) ; < H 
MantHfawa (CzfcJ. C 

Mandfton (CzL 5 . C KoMeJOsch 
Pam Shrtrar tya 7 , H EWo*i 
GadUSflk (USR S. K RntetS 
Sobatxw (Arg) 


ATHLETICS: Peugeot TaSwt Games (at 
Costal Palace): English Schools 




ti ui n u wn sh te» (at Portsmouth). 
CROQUET: MacRobenson Shield series. 
Greet attain * New Zeeland (at 
Hunstanton): toumemanta at Cotabesw 

GOLF; Gw Care Plan tournament [at 

RONWEBr. Sewterc Breie 
cbamniomhlpa: F-’ffrec*: 1. A Bee. mamf. 
ZPtSrn. OS3.A Ro«lBnd.GB;4.CDucl«r. 


Evans 12 .M Ftaretm. Hadmq>42(BThgmM 
10. A GaMn 9). MWanhrt 42roJaaaup 11. R 

Swan 9L M 

% Eastbaum* » (G 

Kffinoil 15. M So^td 'O W 

Johns n. JamteLuSlMSt 11).Beirtck31 (J 
IICMBan laSMcDsnnoart. 

SHOOtwo: Serwoofi' Queen's Medal 
finds (at Btdey). 

TEms&eastot Bwlanddamptenablps 

(at Fefcatow LTO: RAF mtoKommand 
cbampionahipB (at W Hateon). 


cashes in 
at last 


1 •j'ir; ■c.v’..* • . 

By Peter Ban 

likely that Lewis drill not be ; 
bothered again, this time by i 

HEADINGLEY: Yorkshire beat 
Middlesex by 20 runs. 

A game of suddep, dramatic 
reversals of fortiure swung com- 

vtladalil V rt p b mli reteV «uAu *1 <L. 

. . .... <• .* ■. '■» 

^ ’ *+ •* • - - ^ r . ( . f 

pletely Yorkshire’s way at the 
death yesterday. With defeat 
staring them in the face - they 
captured the last five Middlesex 
wickets for eight runs in the 
course of 26 deliveries to r)a»m 
an improbable victory and a 
home tie against Sussex in tbe 
quarter-finals of the NatWcst 

Trophy on July'30. 

With seven overs to. go and 
five wickets in hand, Middlesex 
needed only 29 .for victory, an 
apparent formality. But. as is 
often the way in these games, 
that dire situation produced an 
nntikely hero. With his seam 

A '‘. -V v 

**r*&‘$'-* ■' 

. tr-K; 


. A - 




MDMostQnbwbDantel 65 

A A Metcalfe Ibw b Cowan* — 0 

K Sharp b Cowans 2 

S N Hanley cand b Ernbum 24 

PERabtasonc Butcher 1> Cowans _ 66 

tOLBterskswbDanW 8 

P Carrick Ibw b Cowans „ 0 

P W Jarvis not out ___________ 9 

A Staebottom b Huahos ... . . 1 

C Shaw c DownunD HuaSms 2 

S D Fletcher not out 1 

Extras (b 2.0) 20, w 4 , 1 * 1 ) 27 

-Total (9 wkls. eOnvare) — 205 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-1, 2-7, 302. 4-141, 
5-184. 6-185. 7-187. -8-180, 0-182 
BOWUNQ: Cowans KMt-24-4: Daniel 12- 
1-40-2: Hughes 11-0-39-2: Edmonds 12-1- 
36-0;EnuSrey 12-1-35-1; Ortttag 3-1-50. 

P E Robtasan c ButOm b 

to L Balratowb Denial 
P Carrick Ibw b Cowans , 
PW Jarvis not out 

A Staebottom b Hughes 
C Shaw C DownunD Hie 

WN Stock b Shaw .. 27 

AJTWBerbFWchar 34 

HA WGaUngb Jarvis - 8 

R O Buteherc SMeboOom b Jarvis - 30 

CTRadteybSkteboaom 29 

fP R Dawttan at Bafcstow b Carrick^ 31 

J E Emburey b Shaw : 7 

PH Edmonds c told bCantak 0 

SPHuahascMaxonb Carrick 3 

N G Cowans b Jarvte 1 ■ 

WW Daniel not out,.. 1 

Extras (U> 10, w 2. nb 2) — 14 

Total (573 overt) IBS 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-57. 2-66, 305. 4- 
121, 5158. 5177,7-177, 5183, 5183. . 
BOWLING: SldatxNtom 12-531-1; Jarvte 
19.3-2-32-3: Shaw 12-2-34-2: Fletcher 11- 
0-351; Carrick 155403. 

Umpires: B Laadbeater told P B Wight 


•V % V 

f $ 
. * - 

p • ; ^ ^ ^ ^ 

Quarter-final draw 

Lfflceaurshre v Lancashire (atlafcee 
woreeserahire v Wttrea cfc shl re 

wotcesterahire v wantoe ks hl m tat 

Ttes to be phry&d on mormder, Ju& 30. 

Portent of victory: Yorkshire’s Stdebottom sends the bails flying and Radley walking 

bowlers making no inroads, the 
increasingly perplexed Bairstow 
turned to Camck to bowl tbe 
54th over. 

Earlier in the morning Carrick 
had proved expensive, and it 
looked the last desperate throw 
of the dice. It proved to be a 
master stroke as Carrick, who 
has been out of form and much 
criticized of late, came up 
trumps, claiming three wickets 
for four in nine balls, beginning 
with a double-wicket maiden. 

His second delivery beat 
Down ton through tbe air. draw- 
ing him fatally forward to be 

stranded by ayard as he checked 
his drive. His fifth .persuaded 
Edmonds, who ought to rec- 
ognize tbe wiles of his counter- 
part. into a misjudged half 
drive, Garrick taking a straight- 
forward return catch. • 

Suddenly the possibilities 
were exciting, and ■ with tbe 
tension mounting, Shaw played 
his part excellently, restricting 
Middlesex to two runs before 
Carrick struck again. Four runs 
came off his first three deliv- 
eries, but the fourth ended 
Hughes's, stay as another un- 
convincing drive was brilliantly 
snapped up by the diving 
Moxon at short mid-on. 

The odds were now firmly in 
Yorkshire’s favour, and the 

swing became even more pro- 
nounced as Emburey, the last 
real obstacle to their triumph, 
fell to the first ball of tbe 57th 
over, Shaw beating his at- 
tempted drive to knock back the 
middle stump. Eight balls later it 
was all over. Cowans's flailing 
bat foiling to make contact with 
a straight ball from Jarvis to put 
Yorkshire home with IS balls to 

Middlesex had snatched de- 
feat from tbe jaws of victory, for 
such an outcome, by no means 
inconceivable in tbe gloom of 
the previous evening, bad 
seemed highly unlikely in -the 
sunshine' of the first hour as 
Downton and Radley made 
untroubled progress. 

. Twenty-five runs came off the 
first five overs, only a skier to 
long-on, which Fletcher lost 
against the dark background, 
giving any .bint of a break- 
through as Bairstow permed his 
bowlers frantically. . Yorkshire 
gained a glimmer of hope when ■ 
Sidebotiom . finally beat 
Radley’s drive, but with 
Downton and Emburey settling 
in appeared to be 
little • more than an 

Then came Carrick. That 
Moxon subsequently was 
awarded the man of the match 
award for bis elegance in adver- 
sity oh the first day. could not 
hide the avuncular slow left-arm 
bowler’s crucial intervention. . 

Boakes first seeks the 1,500 
metres title in Portsmouth, 
where be is challenged by a 
small but select entry, including 
last year’s intermediate boys’ 
champion, Robert Denmark, of 
Essex. The championship 
record stands at 3min 45.9sec, 
which was set by Clifton 
Bradeley two years ago, but 
Boakes has already this season 
run a personal best 3m in 
43.92sec and was a finalist in tbe 
UK championships. 

Leicestershire quick to finish the task 

By Marcas Williams 

BRISTOL Leicestershire beat 
Gloucestershire by six wickets 
Leicestershire took just over 
40 minutes to score the 52 runs 
they required to defeat 
Gloucestershire yesterday with 
3.5 overs to spare and earn a 
home maid) in the NatWest 
Trophy quarter-finals against 
Lancashire, conquerors of tbe 
other West Country repre- 
sentatives. Somerset. 
Balderstone was given the man 
of the match award by Roy 
Marshall for an accomplished 
innings of 66 that ensured 
victory was achieved comfort- 
ably after Gloucestershire’s dis- 

ably after Gloucesterahire's dis- 
appointing batting. 

Wednesday’s crowd of some 

3,000, who were deprived of 
seeing tbe finish when Willey 
and Potter accepted tbe 
umpires’ offer of bad light, had 
dwindled to a handful yes- 
terday. Leicestershire bad a 
maximum of 16 overs to com- 
plete their modest task- with 
seven wickets in hand and 
Gloucestershire’s plight was 
exacerbated by the injury to 
Lawrence, who had bowled only 
eight of his 12 overs. 

Graveney therefore turned to 
the-occasional medium pace of 
Tomlins for the opening over 
and when that yielded 1 1 runs, 
any lingering doubt about the 
outcome disappeared. Although 
Walsh beat both batsmen, his 

two remaining overs were - seen 
off; Graveney himself was a 
model of economy bat even 
after Plotter had been caught at 
mid-wicket in the 53rd over. 
Boon and the dependable WiDey 
plundered the winning runs off 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-16. 521, 584. 5 
114. 5122. 5131.7-134,5175. 5177. 

BOWUNQ: Borritorin 155253: Taylor 
12-2-44-2; Do Fretes £4-524-2: W»w 
12-1-27-0: CRft 12-1-352. 


A JWHgrtt runout 

A W StovDid c WBiqr b Bon|Hnn 

CW J ADwybTwtor .2 

P BaJnbndge c Whitttease b CSfl 24 

K M Cwran b Bentaraki 

KPTunhttC Putter b Taylor 8 

+R C Rossofl c WhirtcaM b Beniamin 39 

c a wash b am 1 

I R Piynab DaFraftas — 

*D A Graveney notout 

D V Lawrence b Do Freitas 

Extras |K» 15. wl) 

_ TotaT(55.4 overs). 

JCBaldarstonecSKnrtdbWrtah _ 68 
R A Cobb st Russel b Graveney — 23 
roiGoworcSttwUbSalnbridga — 1 

PW*ey notout 37 

L Potter c Graveney b Batabrfdge — 24 

T J Boon not out 10 

Extn»(b4.b8.w4;tibq ~~—i8 

TOW (4 wMS, 56.1 overa) 179 

P B am, IP WNttcam. p A j Da fraites. 
WKR Benjamin, LB Taylor dW not bat. . 

FALL OFWKXET&1-B8.2>101,51O?.4- 

BOWLING: Lawrence 8^J-Z7-0; WaWl 12- 
2-21-1; BrtnbrWge 1 1-2-452; Reyna 120- 
3S-0: Graveney 11-4-151: Tontois 1-0- 
10-0; ABiey 1.1-0-14-0. 

Umpires; J H Harris and K J Lyons. 

Indians made to work Hadlee named Gray in dominant mood 

NUNHOLM:The Indians beat 
Scotland bv three wickets. 

Tbe Indians had seven overs 
and one ball to spare as they 
won the first of two one-day 
matches at Nunholm as part of 
the 800th anniversary celebra- 
tions of the town of Dumfries. 
The Indians did not have mat- 
ters all their own way, however, 
as they found the Scottish 
bowling reasonably tight. A 
missed catch and a mistake in 
the field which could easily have 
led to a run-out. might have 
made the final issue much 

Scotland, having won the 
toss, decided to bat and with 
some hard-hitting from Burnett 

150 for five and they lost two 
wickets after tea before Shastri 
hit the winning four. 

to lead 


I L Phlp c Stwstri b Y«tav 

WA Donokl bSiostri 

*R G Swan b Shastri 

O Henry Km bMarander — —— 

A B Russel cBinnyb Part 

N W Borneo st PtoKft b Manindw . 
A Brawn c Lambs b Part — 

P 6 Dutfw e Pare* b Prabftaksr „ 

World team 

By Mike Berry 

TO Fleming b ftabhakar . 

JEKarndtOut — — 8 

AW J Stevenson notout 4 

Extras (b 1. fc 7. w fl. nb 2) 18 

Total (9 rtite, 98 crams) 192 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-23. 256. 573, 4- 
97. 5105, 5171. 7-171. 5178. 5179. 
BOWLING: PreWwkw 7-2-152; Stamm 
4-510-0: Yadav 11-2-31-1: Shastri 11-5 
21 ■* Mantnder 11-1452; PMB 11-5552. 


1C S Psnrtt run out — — 16 

Ramon Lambac and b Henry 8 

M Aztaruddln c Homyb Kur 35 

s M Part efluswflb Stevenson J® 

CJ Shams c Flaming bDuttile 25 

D B Vsngsaikar b Kor — - 29 

MPnotafcarb Stavneon 81 

(42) and Brown (26), the pair 
adding 66 runs in 1 1 overs, they 
reached lunch with their score 
on 143 for five. 

The Scots then lost wickets in 
the chase for quick runs, but 
managed to reach 192, the last 
pair adding 13 with smart 
running between the wickets. 
India, in reply, kept ahead of the 
required run rate, but a smart 
run-out. followed by three bril- 
liant catches, enabled Scotland 
to put the brake on the tourists. 
After 36 overs the Indians were 


-BJShatoflnotout — i 6 

- Extras (to 1. w 4. nto 4) 9 

Total (7 wfcts. 47.5 OVM3) 1*> 

Martndar Singh and N S Yadav rtd not 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-20L 528. MS, 4- 
88, 5125, 5184.7-188. 

BOVWJNG; Dulhte 11-1-351; Kar11-)MI5 
2; Hwvy 55351; Bwnatt 5525 ^ 
SfeuensoT 51-37-2: Donate 655255 
Umpires W B Smith and J B Cornea. 

Kuwait (Reuter) — The New 
Zealand all-rounder, Richard 
Hadlee will lead a world team 
against Pakistan in a cricket 
festival here in Ociober.Tbe 
World XI will include the West 
Indians, Viv Richards and Mal- 
colm Marshall along with Kapil 
Dev, who has just led India to a 
2-0 win in the ihree-Test series 
against England. 

Tbe full side has not been 
finalized but India’s prolific 
opener, Sunil Gavaskar and bis 
team-mates Ravi Shastri. 
Mohammad Azharuddin and 
Dilip Vengsarkar have agreed to 
play, as have Sri Lanka’s Dilip 
Mendis and Arjuna Ranatunga. 

Pakistan will be captained by 
Imran Khan in the two one-day 
matches on October 2 and 3, 
which will be played on astro- 
turf imported from England. 
The matches will be a benort for 

LAKENHAM: The New Zea- 
landers. with two first innings 
wickets standing, lead the Minor 
Counties by 125 runs. 

New Zealand utilized the 
chance for some batting practice 
to pass the Minor Counties total 
for the loss of three wickets on 
tbe. way to reaching 334 ■ for 
eight. It was a pleasant day, with 
the highlight being a fine cen- 
tury’ by Gray. 

Wright, their acting captain in 
the absence ofthe resting Coney, 
Jeff Crowe and Gray were the 
major contributors. Crowe, at 
27, the elder of the two brothers, 
found time and room off the 
back foot to step up the pace 

But Gray, scaring mainly on the 
leg side, went on to reach bis 
century In 168 minutes before 
giving Surridge some deserved 
reward by chopping on to his 
stumps for 108. He hit 18 fours 

and one six. 

MINOR COUNTKS: Fta* tantoga 

P AToM canal} sorting . 
SG Plumb tow b Gray __ 

S GrawswonJ c Bbwi b Gray _ 

GR J Roopac Btein b Ctatrald 15 

’NARaddattcBantttbStMng 20 

AS Ratal HSWna 30 

R Herbert c Gray b Wraon — 10 

TJDAstitayc sain b Gray 4 

WG Many c Franklin b Gray 3 

‘ D Surridge ikx out — - . 0 

A J Murphy cSmtthb Gray ; - fl 

Extras fib 3, nb 16) - — ; 19 

Total ; ■ ; 209 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-5. 201. 5122, 5 
144, 5182. 5188, 7-194. 5207. 5207. 
BOWLING: Stirling 151-853; Barred 15 
1-250: Watson 155251; CftatftoM 14-5 
251: Gray 27-554-5. 

NEW ZEALANOERSeRrtt Innings - 
TJFrankfinc Todd b Greensward _ 20 

*JG Wright e RaW b Murphy 66 

.J J Crowe at AsMeybPhmb. — 09 

when the slower bowlers strayed 
in direction. He picked off 12 
boundaries in his 69 as New 
Zealand added 100 runs in not 
much more than an hour in the 
early afternoon. 

Before lunch the- seam 
bowlers had performed weU, 
Greensword removing Franklin 
at slip with his first ball and 
Murphy having Wright caught 
at cover point off the top of the 
bat fora solid 65. 

A brilliant leg-side stumping 
by Ashley, a diligent 
wicketkeeper from Shropshire 
making bis representative de- 
but disposed of Crowe, and 
Merry and Murphy took three 
quick.wickets with the new ball 
. after tea. Meny difinissing Mar- 
tin Crowe with a delivery that 
left him and took the off stump. 

the Pakistani leg-spinner, Abdul 
Qadir. chosen for the honour by 
the sponsors* who plan to stage 
the festival annually. 

PAKISTAN SQUAD: Imran Khan, Jawd 
Manual. Mudassar Nazar. Motaki Khan, 
SaBm Maft. Wartn Akram. Raman Rate. 
Tausil Ahmad, ZaMr Khan. Motain KaniaL 
Oartm Omar, Zulqamafn, Manzoor EJatX, 
Abdul Qadir. 

• Richard Blafcey, who scored 
273 for Yorkshire Second XI at 
Northampton on Wednesday, 
has been included in the 
county’s 12 for the three-day 
match against the Indians stan- 
ing at Scarborough tomorrow. 

New faces for Lord’s 

Club nod village cricket by Michael Barry 
The National Club champion- Coventry & Nor** 1 Warwick 

ship, sponsored by William 
Younger, will have new finalists 
at Lord's on Saturday, August 
23. Of the last 16 none has 
reached- the final- before and 
incentives are now at their 
greatest in a wide open 

Scarborough, Beading and 
Hastings were the big names to 
fall in the regional finals. 
Kirkbortoo, a Huddersfield 
League dub. claimed the scalp 
of Scarborough by fix wickets. 
Lockwood making 74 and 
Robery. their skipper, an un- 
beaten 60 as their 19> for four 
beat Scarborough's 187. 

Gamer and Ricks, two 
Oxfordshire playere. were be- 
hind Cowley St John’s seven 
wicket win over Reading, Gar- 
ner making 94 not out after 
Ricks had taken five wickets. 
Hastings, the losing finalists in 
the thrilling 1983 finaL were 
bowled out for 185 to lose to 
Bromley, who had made 197 for 
five, thanks largely to 112 not 
out from opening bat Atkins. 

Bromley now play Northamp- 
ton Saints, who were victors 

against Stmnrbridge, although 
the latter will not be able to play 
Simon O'Donnell, the Austra- 
lian pace bowler who has re- 
cently joined them in the 
Birmingham League. 

The National Village com- 
petition sees Frenchfe, Die hold- 
ers; and Troon, those erstwhile 
competitors, still actively in- 
volved. Toft, who beat Elvastim 
in the last round with' Moulding, 


MDCmwhUwTu , 

T E Barn C Riddefl hMwptiy ; 

S OS Smttib 

D A Strtngc Raddel 6 SunHga 18 

W Watson not out ■ . 7 

BBanattnotout 3 

Extras (b 2 Jblkflbi) 11 

Total (Sukts) ■ ' - .,.;;:.-384 

EJChatfiekJtobst ■ 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-68, 5107, 3001, 4- 
282, 5273. 5287, 7-309. 5328. " 
Umplra* O J Hattyard and; T 6 IWtat 

• Sussex have offered contracts 
to two young players. Andy 
Babington and Rehah Afifchan, 
who played against Glamorgan 
in the NatWest Trophy on 



the former Oxford Blue, hitting 
a vital 83. could also be one of 
those to threaten. 

Perhaps tbe most remarkable 

■ . . fedla ikto rtnainllfirinn , 

victory so fer in the coropetjuon 
came.fexL Ynyfiserwyo 10 book 

thiis pen- in the last 16. Playing 
WHcombe, a Gloucestershire 
side who have only 13 playing 
members, they looked down 
and out. embarrassingly so. 
when they slumped to nine for 
five and 20 for seven chasing 
Witcombe’s 157. But James, 
battingai No 7. became the hero 
wife an unbeaten 78 that 
salvaged the mosumprobable of 
one wicket wins. 

DRAWS: Ytattfljr Ott Grange v 
Gu is Borough; SfretHeW United v 
Kirkbuilon; Co*emry S North WSnricfc v 

ARTISTS July • 13Ui kn- 
ctudtng -Sundays. lOam - Gum. 
Admtaton £1.00. OoiKesMons 
SOP TlwoaBrry wW beckncd 
10 Ok public I2UI July. 

tfw LUj . D4\ i iK- VrocnMJcps 
nwrwoH-AmngniwiL ism 
Junc-lllti July. 10-6 Daily. lO- 
1.00 Sab 14 OM BtoMl SL wi 
409 3304 

MHKfcCrauMeWtorta INM1, 
Exiended unto 12 July. Frw 
raialopun on mural CCA Oal- 
la rt ra lOvbiKY Co M am po raoi 
ArDB Dm er Street London Wl 
01-499 6301 

wit rim u Nom ura hoi ote. 
727 4043. AFTBjllfoUII»<lfi, 

81 L«m«n SWi 01 23S BI44 

' 3 0 (WU Suu) 0.0 7X1 943. I-N, 
ii .in. Advantf Bnawnu. 

™ aaiflis, wno w^ere tows Kritburton; Coxemrv S North Warwick v 
over Vanxhall Mallards in the . siourenooe: Omstartc « Huyton; North- 
last round. The Saints made 1 74 
and Vauxhall. a Norfolk club, 

collapsed from 49 without loss Naomi vnege Ctanpiorafte Forw 
to 1 35 all out with the off breaks vtfey vWo odhouses Carit onvFrtixt w; 

ofWaketaking ihreefor 13a n d aSSTSw I 

Allen, a legspmner. three fOT21. Ynysovwm: Troon v Bastitay; Herndon v 
One of the most interesting ungfeybury. Shipboume v Bertoa. 
games in the next round pits (Aflganies to De played on Sunday). 

LV. 01 734 $082 Own My 
lOB inrSun. CLOSED ON 18>ti 

cximmoN C2.40, o,6o 

miw. rale iredurM raw am on 
Sun. unlU I *6) cc booUna Oi 
741 9 999 


"ig. ci 

BARMCAN lcOl-620 8798 SU*- 
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bookaDto. CARAVAOOm (IB) 
6 15 4 8 15. Today Kids Club 

illKUHt McrcUxTtfWol THE sf- 


235 4225 Meryl soeep « 
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. 27381 HUM DAVID iFG> Sen 
pro** 2 15 UBS 30 AU seats 
fioofcabio in adiaiwe. Acrara 
• and Vba . Mrabotw . DooMqes- 


By Richard Streeton 
A neai geographical distribu- 
tibn for tlte Nai West Trophy’s 
quarter-final round on Wednes- 
day July 30, was ensured yes- 
terday when Yorkshire beat 
Middlesex in. a . match left 
unfinished overnight The draw 
bad given Yorkshire or Middle- 
sex -a home tie with Sussex. 
Yorkshire will- now play Sussex 
at Headitigtey and the ground 
seems certain to be packed by 
Nwthern enthusiasts. - •' 

Surrey's game with Not- 
tinghamshire will be the only tic 
in London and two matches in 

i - 

■X* . 


;w" r- 

tbe Midfandscompfete the pF5 
gramme. Leicestershire’s wiq 
against Gfoucestershire, in an- 
other game carried over from 
Wednesday, brought them a 
home match against Lancashire. 
Worcestershire entertain their 
local rivals, Warwickshire, at 
New Road. 

Provided the Sussex fist 
bowlers, Imran Khan, Le Roux, 
Pigott and Jones are all fit, 
Yorkshire could have quite a 
struggle against a team finding 
new zest under Gould’s leader- 
ship. Both sides share a hunger 
for success after a recent lean 

E ribd and Yorkshire seem to 
ve come to terms better with 
one-day cricket than used to be 
tbe case. - 

Rather curiously, Yorkshire 
and Sussex have only met twice 
before in tbe competition. Sus- 
sex, who were the first winners 

.-S :? 1 

- * 

rfS- 1 • ' 



17* L 

in 1963. when 65-over matches 
were played, beat Yorkshire in 
the second round that year by 22 
runs at Hove. 

The young Boycott, playing 
his second season, batted at 
No.6 and was -Yorkshire's top 
scorer with 71 before be was run 
out. Sussex won again in 1978 at 
Leeds in a match settled by a 10- 
over slog on tbe third day. 

Of the eight surviving teams 
this year. * . Nottinghamshire, 
Leicestershire and Worcester- 
shire. have never won the 
competition. Nottinghamshire, 
the beaten finalists last year, 
won a crushing victory against 
Kent on Wednesday. .They 
might find it harder work, 
though, away - from Trent 
Bridge. Surrey, the 1982 win- 
ners. are starting to find a 
consistency that could serve 

Lancashire, another im- 
proved side this year, could be 
given a hard game by Leicester- 
shire at Grace Road. Clive 
Lloyd has the motivation to 
read) one more Lord's final 
before he retires, however, and 
Lancashire have fo start 
favourites against opponents 
who have never got beyond tbe 
semi-final round. 

Like Boycott, the Warwick- 
shire captain Gifford will have 
long-standing memories as be 
leads his team against 
Worcestershire- Gifford was a 
member of the Worcestershire 
side who lost finals at Lord's in 
1963 and 1966, the second time 
to Warwickshire. Currently 
Worcestershire look the better 
equiped side even though 
Warwickshire put out the hold- 
ers, Essex, on Wednesday. 

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Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

*• tic 


S-.ft. V C ' W 

:* v.* 

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* - _ * £“*. i 

B.00 Ceefax AM. 

^ O^KAfaMTlinowfft 

• Selina Scott and Guy 
Mit^more. weather at 
6*55, 7.25, 7.55, &25and 
8^55; regional news. 
7.27,7.57 and 6.27; 
rational and international 

• 5^2 an 5 ’Sport at 

■ u^5- nd Mfw* p auWs 

^“fsfcmcumw report 
at 8.15; and a review of the 

- ■- [PominQ newspapers at 
8.37. Plus, the weekend's 
• best food buys; Alan 

* ■ Ttehmarsh's ganJenma 

1 advice: Bnd the latest pop 

. music news. 

9J20 Ceefax KUO Play School. 

6.15 Good 

Good Morning Britain 
presented by Anna 
Diamond and Nick Owen. 
News with Gordon 

r H SSKSS , ‘W- 

financial news at 645; 
sport at 640, 7.40 and 
8.40; exercises at &5S and 
9-22; cartoon at 7 .25; pop 
video at 7^5; Joe 
Steeples' television review 
at 835; a viewer Is 
fashionably transformed 
by Merrill Thomas at 943; 
health and beauty with 
Lizzie Webb at 9.12. 

•Television wise, today 
doesn't offer much to gBt excited 
about except lor the return of 
My Music, starring the Familiar 
Five (BBC2. 9.00pm), John 
Huston's The Misfits, in which 
both Gable and Monroe 

•- -r 

:: ; 3 

P ■ 


■i.rt *■ ’ 

V » _l .’j=h _ 

18 1 * f . * 

■ . ?■«. %-.•■ 

t*r *■ - 

in dominant n» 

ft- -- - 

Bradley with guest, 

, Elizabeth Watts 10.50 


.800 Newa After Noon with 

7 Richard Whitmore and 
"Moira Stuart, includes 
. - news headlines with 

- subtitles 1JS Regional 
news. The weather details 
come from John Ketttey 

Hokoy Cokey, (r) 1.50 

340 Home on Sunday. A 

• repeat of Sunday's 
programme in which actor 

- Paul Eddington talked to 

*. Cliff Michelrnore about his 

- -- career and his 

t . commitment to the Society 
of Friends. (Ceefax) 4.1Z 
•- Regional news. 

4.15 The Amazing Adventures 

- of Morph, introduced by 
Tony Hart (r)4J20 

- Dogtaman and the Three 
i Muskehounds. Cartoon 

~ series, (r) 440 Record 
Breakers presented by 
Roy Castfe with Fiona 
Kennedy and Julian 
Fan no. (t) 

5.10 Gentle Ben. Adventure 
serial about a young boy 

. . with a pet bear. Starring 
Dennis Weaver and CBnt 

-&3S The FHntatones. Cartoon 
‘ ' series about a modem 
Iron Age family. 

'880 Hews with Sue Lawley and 
-. Nicholas WrflcheU. 


&35 London Plus. 

.780 Wogan. On tonight's guest 
list are actress Jane 
Seymour; royal writer, 
Robert Lacy, and the 
Salvation Army's General 
Eva Burrows. Plus a song 
from Randy Crawford. 

7.40 No Place Lflce Home. 

Arthur is feeling 
, . depressed because he 
thinks he is going to be 
made redundant But the 
; rest of the family -and the 
next door neighbour - are 
not so downhearted, they 
, can think of ways in which 
- to spend his redundancy 
money. Starring William 
6 Gaunt and Pamela 
Garwood, (r) (Ceefax) 

8.10 Dynasty. Blake allows 
himself to be talked into 
holding a masquerade ball 
by the scheming Alexis 

- who also finds herself In a 
; spot when she intercepts 

a call intended for her 
sister. (Ceefax) 

9.00 News with Julia Somerville 
and Andrew Harvey. .' . 

' Weather. 

980 BigDeaLRobby tWnks he. 

- has found the answer to 
7-. his Inland revenue 1 
. ’. problems when he 
“ “ discovers a bag of money 

* . ' in the cistern or the 

' Oregon Club. But others 

- are after the cash as welt 

and kidnap Debtoy to force 
-- - ■ Robby to hand over the 
w toot. (r) (Ceefax) 

1080 Eureka Stockade. The 
r - second and final part of • 

the drama about the 
rebellion by Australian 
gold miners in the mkJ- 
; 19th century. 
iZDO Fikn: Highway to HMI 

(1983) starring Eric StoKz, 
Monica Carrico and Stuart 
Margolin. A drama about a 
, 17-year oW boy. i 

sentenced to death tor the 
: murder of his father, who 

l. escapes while on hhs way 
to Death Row. He joins 
” - forces with a teenage 
prostitute who followed 
his trial and hero-worships 
the young killer and 
together they blaze a 
violent trail across . 
Arizona. Directed by Mark 

185 Weather. 

985 Thames news headlines 
followed by Film: The 
Bridges ofToto-Ri 119541 

Bridges of Toko-Ri (1954) 
starring William Holden, 
Fredric March and Grace 
Kelly. Korean War drama 
about a reluctant fighter 
* Pilot who is not too happy 
about being sent on a 
near-impossible mission. 
With Mickey Rooney. 
Directed by Mark Robson 
11.15 Cartoon 1185 
Home Cookery Club. 


along the first west-to- 
east tourist waft - from 
Portpatrick near Stranraer 
to the Berwickshire coast 
1280 Teetime and Claudia, (r) 
12.10 Rainbow. The team 
enjoy sports day in toe 


1280 Jobwatch. Sunday's 

programme examining an 
aspect of adult training, (r) 
1.00 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 1-20 Thames news. 

Film; Emergency Call* stanrirn Marilyn Monroe, 

(1 952) starring Jack Clark Gable, Montgomery 

Warner and Anthony Steel. Clift and Eli WaUacn. A 

Warner and Anthony Steel. 
Medical drama about a 
hospital team's desperate 
search, assisted by 
Scotland Yard, to find 
three pints of rare blood 
which are needed to save 
a young girl's life. Directed 
by Lewis Gilbert. 

380 Take the High Road. More 
dramas in Glendarroch 
385 Thames news 
headlines 380 Sons and 

480 Rainbow. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
12. fO 4.1$ The Moomkts. 
Cartoon series, (r) 485 
Scooby Doo 4.45'From 
the Top. Part one of a 
repeat of the comedy 
drama series starring BUI 
Oddie as a bank manager 
who throws up his job in 
order to go on the stage. 

5.15 The Parlour Game 

presented-by Dave Ismay. 

. Indoor games played by 
granny are given an airmg 
by Liza Goddard, Alfred 
Marks. Gyles Brandrath, 
Toni Arthur, Jimmy 
Edwards and Diana 

545 News with John Suchet 
6.00 The 6 O'clock Show, 
presented by Michael 

7.00 Me and My GlrL Simon 
and Derek have the 
Chance of easing their 
company's cash-flow . 
problem when they are. 
asked to handle a 
business conference - but 
_ the snag is they must book 
Dean Martin for toe 
cabaret (rj 

780 International Athletics. 

The Peugeot Talbot 
Games from Crystal 
Palace, introduced by J Hn 

. 980 The Practice. Drama serial 
• set in a modem Health 
Centre in the Midlands. 
Starring John Fraser and 

Monroe and CabJe: The Misfits, 

on BBC2 at 680pm 

tw Adult 
I Verde (1J 

780 Weekend Outlook. 
Ends at 785. 

9.00 Ceefax. 

380 International GoH. Harry 
Carpenter introduces 
coverage of the third 
round of the Car Care Plan 
International from 
Moortown, Leeds. 

585 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

580 Reunion. Speed legends 
of the past are brought 
together by John Surtees 
to re-live their exploits at 
Brands Hatch. Besides 
Surtees, among those 

appearing are Giaccomo 
Agostini .Stirling Moss and 
Geoff Duke. 

6.00 FBin: The Misfits* (1961) 
stanrirn Marilyn Monroe, 
Clark Gable. Montgomery 
Clift and Eli WaUacn. A 
drama, written by Arthur 
Milter as a vehicle for his 
wife, Marilyn Monroe, 
about four drifters who 
meet in Reno. Roslyn is 
there because she is 
waiting for a divorce and 
the three men are each 
attracted to her because 
of her sympathetic mien. 
But as Roslyn gets to 
know the three men better 
she begins to rebel 
against their callous way 
of life. Directed by John 

880 The Great Egg Race, 
presented by Professor 
Heinz Wolff. Teams from 
Northern Ireland, 
Gloucester and 
Manchester, have the task 
of pinpointing a buried 
treasure using only wood 
and a school geometry 
set The judge is Michael 
Brand. Northern Ireland's 
Director of Ordnance 

8.30 Gardeners' Wortd. Geoff 
Hamilton and Clay Jonas 
visit the garden of Belt and 
Albert Machin, in 
Holbeach, Lincolnshire. 

980 My Music. The first of a 
new series of the 
lighthearted music quiz, 
presented by Steve Race. 
Frank Muir with John 
Amis, and Denis Norden 
partnered by tan Wallace, 
engage in a witty contest 
of musical knowledge. 

980 The Heating Arts. Herbal 
metficine in the United 
Kingdom and France is the 
subject of this week's • 
programme. In toe UK the 
film focuses on toe 
McIntyres, herbalists with 
a joint practice in an 
Oxfordshire village. In 
France, the subject is Dr 
Belaiche of the university 
of Paris who uses a new 
version of herbalism 

(B8C2. 6.00pm). and a Friday 
night screening of a Saturday 
Special devoted to the painter 
Frank Auerbach, Britain's 
representative at toe Venice 
Biennale (BBC2. 1080pm). I 
have not seen The Heafing 
Arts film about the medical 
herbalist Michael McIntyre, 
but I am told by reliable 
colleagues that it maintains 
toe high standard set by last 
week's film about healing 

•Weekend vtewfng 
prospects are good. Let me 

particularly recommend 

Starring John Fraser ana versus ui im 

Brigit Forsyth. (Oracle) organised in conj unction 

News at Ten with Martyn wito pharmaoste. (Ceefax) 

11080 News at Ten with Martyn 
Lewis and Pamela 

1080 Summer on the Farm. A 
report from the. 
Broadwater Farm estate 
nine months after the 
worst riot-on mainland 
Britain in modem times. 
Followed by LWT News 

11.30 Hawafi Five-O. Steve 
McGarrett tries to help a 
traumatized young Marine 
veteran, (r) 

1280 Kris Krwtoff arson at 
Devil’s Lake. 

180 The Baron and Cordelia 
foil a plan involving germ 
warfare, (r) 

285 Night Thoughts. 

1080 Frank Auerbach at the 
Venice Biennale. Robert 
Hughes is in Venice to 
interview British painter 
Frank Auerbach, toe 
Golden Lion Award winner 
attoe Venice Biennale art 
. exhibition- 

1045 Newsnight 11-30 

1185 The Lords fliis Week. 
Christopher Jones 
presents highlight of the 
week's proceedings in the 
House of Lords. 

12.15 Whistle Test A repeat of 
Tuesday's programme 
which featured highlights 
of a concert recorded in 
Glasgow s Ibrox Park in 
June. Ends at-1.10. 



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tMmricd by David Oilmore 


HA MPS TEAD 722 9301. Last 3 
periv TonT 8 . Toroor . 4.30 & 

arcs m brav o w mw v 

Freed. Transfer* W WyndMet* 
Theatre bam My 23 


Julian Gloag's play (My 
Yesterday . an unsentimental 
drama about old age, middle age 
and teenage, all interacting 
under a family roof, and 
extraordinarily well acted by 
Paul Scofield. Wendy Hiller, 
Julian Glover and Katharine 
Rogers (Sunday. BBC1, 9.00pm): 
Chapim s The Great Dictator 
(tomorrow. BBC2. 280pm); toe 
second film in the Zubin 
Mehta Masterclass series that 
began in nerve- ting ling 
fashion last week (tomorrow, 
BBC2, 8.35pm); John 
Huston's The African Queen, 
with Hepburn and Bogart . 
improbably but memorably 
paired (Sunday, BBC2. 

9.30pm). And ft the second 
instalmentof John Stiver's 

Radio 4 

I 2.15 Their Lordships' House, (r) 

I 2.30 Channel Fbur Racing from 
York. Brough Scott 
introduces coverage of the 
Mall on Sunday 3-year-old 
Series Handicap (2.40); 
the Ur Pac Handicap 
(3.10): the SIA 

Handicap (3.40); and the 
Philip Comes Nickel Alloys 
Stakes f4.10) 

480 Dancin' Days. Drama 
serial, set in Rio de 
Janeiro. Starring Sonia 

580 Car 54, Where Are You?" 
Vintage American comedy 
series about two hapless 
New York policemen. 

Toody and Muidoon, today 
part of a baiter-shop 
quartet Toody's voice 
strikes a discordant note 
and he decides to have his 
tonsils out 

5.30 The Chart Show. The 
week's pop music charts 
from this country and 

6.00 Solid Soul. This week's 
guests are Maxi Priest 
Eugene Wilde, and Nicole 
with Timmy Thomas. 

6.30 1986 Tour De France. 
Highlights of the eighth 
stage - St Hilaire-du- 
Harcourt to Nantes. 

780 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons and 
Nicholas Stewart 

7.50 Book Choice. Christopher 
Andrew, historian and 
senior tutor at Corpus 
Christie College. 

Cambridge, discusses The 
Spanish Civil War, 1936- 
39, by Paul Preston, an 
expert on 20th century 

8.00 What the Papers Say. 

Julia Langdon of The 
Mirror casts a critical eye 
over how the Press has 
treated the week s news. 

8.15 Looks Familiar. Denis 
Norden and his guests, 

Sally Ann Howes, Richard 
Baker and Kenneth 
Williams, reminisce about 
the entertainers and 
entertainments of toe 
Thirties and Forties. 

980 International Athletics. 

The Peugeot Talbot 
Games from Crystal . . 
Palace, introduced-by Jim 
Rosenthal, The 

. .. commentators are Alan- . 

Parry, Peter Matthews. ■ 
Adrian Metcalfe aid Lynn 

ULOO Cheers. Diane decides to; 
vote for Sam's new 
girlfriend's opponent in 
the election of city 

. - - ..councawomen believing 
have a better chance of 
re-establishing her 
reattionship with Sam. 

1080 Budgie. The petw criminal 
is living toe life of 
domestic bliss in Watford 
when the call of Soho and 
Charlie Endell prove too 
much of a temptation. 
Starring Adam Faith and 
lain Cuthbenson. (r) 


11.30 Film: Hoodwink (1981) 

starring John Hargreaves, 
Wendy Hughes and Judy 
Davis. An Australian-made 
drama about a bank 
robber who. after 
escaping from prison 
twice, hatches a long-term 
plot to have his sentence 
reduced. Directed by 
Claude Whatham. Ends at 


Box Wftrr and OC 01 930 9832 , 
firsi Call 24 hr 7 day CC W»kin9& 
Ol 240 7200. Prrvww July 31. 
Aug 1 & 2 730. open* Aug 4 al 
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Du~cl from Broadway 



Bv Euora* OT*Wll ' 

Dii prim oy Jonathan Miatr 
Etas only Mon-Sat 730 

in wave. VHF variations at end 
Shipping, 680 News Briefing; 
Weather. 6.10 Farming. . 

Business News. 685, 785 
Weather. 780, 880 


Qfln News 

985 Desert island Discs. 

Brian Redhead is the 
castaway (rXs) 

9.45 In Keeping with Tradition. 
Keith Allen goes to 
Hampshire to meet Mick 
Lunn. who fbflowsd his 
father and grandfather as a 
river keeper. 

mOO Nbws: International 

1080 Morning Story: The 

Oedipus Complex, by V 
S Pritchett Reader Martin 

10.45 Daily Service (New Every 
Morning, Page 97) (s) 

11.00 News; Travel, Jesus 
Came to Ding Dong. 

Gerald PriesBano talks to the 
people of Ding Dong, 
Cornwall about some local 

11.48 Youthful, Rural and 
Broke (new series) Dan 
Cherrmgton recalls moments 
from his younger days as 
the son of a Hampshire 

1280 News; Can We Help? 

(new series) A panel 
answers questions on 
education. Chaired by 
Pattie ColdwelL 
1287 Don't Stop Now -its 
fundation. Comedy 
cabaret with the group 

180 The Wortd At One: News 
1.40 The Archers. 

280 News; Woman's Hour. 

The people of Exeter 
express their views on the 

380 . News; Poet's Pub. Eric 
story, dramatized by 
Elizabeth Proud in 3 

440 K^ lS) - 
485 J Kingston Piatt... 
remembers a lifetime in 
show business. 

4.30 Kaleidoscope. Another 
chance to hear last 

HRf*1 WALES 535pm-aJM 
PSV ?. Wains Today 6^5-7.00 Game 
Set & Match 1020-1060 UangoBen 
. ’B8 KLSfMZJOnm Eureka Stockade 
1230-155 Flat Highway to Her 
/1 983) 155-200 News and weather. .. 
SCOTLAND MO-1050 CTV * E35- 
7.00pm Reporting Scotland 1£L2D-105D 
Beotiigrova Garden 105b-1250qni 
liBWca Stodode 1230-15L85 Weatfwr 
Today's Sport S.40-6.00 Innktetitetur 

&35-7JM The Rkitstpnea I^Samr . 
15e News and weather. 8N3LAND 
(L3Sp»750 Regional news 
magazines. • ’ 

Return to Treasure Island (TTV, 
585iJm) has the same gusto 
and to heU with the expense 
m&e-en-sameas last week's 
opening episode, then we are in 

for soma superior 

•Rartiohigh^hts today; the . 
repeat of Desert Wand Discs 
(Radio 4.9.05am) in which 
Brian Redhead joumafcticafly 
makes a lot of sense and is 
bubbling wrth enthusiasm for the 
profession to boot toe first of 
phiHp Bond's three readings 

about A Walk through Wates 
in 1799 (Radio 3, 9.50pm), wWch 
are wonderfully evocative of 
tbe time and the place; and The 
Telescope Garden (Radio 
3.7.30pm).Dougfas Dunn s novel 
treatment of the opium- 
induced visions of Thomas De 

0l * ncey Peter Davalle 

night's edition. 

580 PM; News magazine. 

6. DO News; Financial Report 
68Q Hit List UtFraser picks 
■ six pieces of music she 
never wants to hear again 
and tells Derek Robinson- 

why (s)' 

780 News 
785 The Archers. 

780 P«* of the Week. 

Margaret Howarcfs 

880 Law in Action (Joshua 

885 Any Questions? with 
Angela Rumbdd MP, 

Max Hastings, Editor of The 
Daily Telegraph. John 
Cousins and Paul Foot From 
Eastleigh, Hampshire. . 

980 Letter from America by 
Alastair Cooke. 

9.45 Kaleidoscope. Includes 
comment on the 
Cheltenham Festival of 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: 
Unexplained Laughter, 

Nos 2-3: Stephen Ekshop- 

Reger (A Ballet Suite)- 980 

8.05 This Week's Composer: 
Dvorak. Biblical songs,. 

Op 99 Nos 1-5, with Jmdrak. 
' baritone. Also Cello 
Concerto in Bminon 

10.05 Mozart Hamtsh Milne 
(piano). Adagio in B 
minor, K 54ft Variatiore on 
Unser dummer; Pobei 
maim’, and Sonata in B flat, 

1050 Northern Sinfonia (under 
Boettcher), with Bradley 
CreswiCk (vioim). J C Bach 
(Artaserse overture), 
Schubert (German Dances), 
Vaughan Williams (Lark 

Alteon Pearce (soprano), 
Clifford Bensonfpiano). 
Sullivan (Orpheus with his 
lute. etc). Casteinuovo- 
Tedesco (Three - 
Shakespeare songs), 
and Chausson works 
induing Serenade 
Haltanne. Op 2 No S. and La 
temps des files, Opl 19 

bv Airaj Thomas Ellis (3). 
Reader: Christine 
Pntchard. 1089 Weather 
1080 The Wortd Tonight 
11.00 Today in Parliament 
11.13 The financial World 

1180 Week Ending. Satirical 
review of the week's 
news la) 

1280 News; Weather. 

1283 Shipping. 

VHF (available in England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except 555-6.00 am 
Weather, Travel. 185- 
280pm Listening Comer. 
580-585 PM (continued). 

12.05 Royal PhfUwmontc 
(under Weller).. With 
Dmitri Alexeev (piano), 

(baritone) and Pro Musica 
Chorus of London Part 
one. Britten (Simple 
Symphony), Prokofiev 

(Piano Cocnerto No 3). 1.00 

1.05 Concert (contd): Walton 
(Belshazzar's Feast) 

145 More Penge Papas: 
reed and written by Brian 

285 A Brace of Concertos: 
Cirtdnati SO. with Heinz 
HoUiger(oboe), Ursula 
HolUger (harp)- Strauss 
(Oboe Concerto). 
Lutoslawski (Double 

285 BeethovercPeter Frankl 
(piano), Pauk (violin). 
Kirshbaum (cello). Piano Trio 
in G maor.op i Nol- 
and Cello Sonata in A major, 
Op 69 

480 Choral Evensong: from 

Radio 3 

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Homers NestT20TSW News 1J0 " 
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News UB The Young Ooctont 5.12 
Gus Honeytxm's Magic Birthdays 5.15 
BlocttiustBre 6J» Today South West 
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1032 Flm McVicoi (19B0) 1220 
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1080 Witness 1085 Hotel 1180 Richard 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 

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785 Concert Rossini (La • 
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Weber (Symphony No 2). 

8.00 News 

6.05 Concert (Contd): 
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Kreutzer (Grand Quwtat 
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in E minor and C. Op 119 

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recorded music, with 
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Serenade, Op 10 
7.30 The Telescope Garden: play 
about Thomas de 
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with music by David 
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as De Quincey and David 
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8.40 Robin Or. Leonard 
Friedman and Philip 
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9.00 Haydn and BartokiPart 
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SL50 A Walk through Wales 
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1180 Bach on toe Lute; Ntgei 
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VHF variatiorw: - 
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Until 6.55am. 

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9 JO Ken Bruce (s) 11.00 Jimmy 
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I. 05pm David Jacobs (s) 285 
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Today 9.30 Financial News 9-45 The Time 
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Twenty-Four Hours 1.30 John Peel 280- 
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981 m me Cage9.l5 Music Now 9.45 The 
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Wiidemess Trail 985 SpacewOtch 1085 
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(1963) 1230 Weather. Close. - 


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FRIDAY JULY 31 1986 

First published in 1785 


It ‘It -it *“* dr 

No backing 

for blacking 

of Games 

By John Good body 

Britain’s black competitors 
yesterday reacted with a mix- 
lure of approval, sympathy 
and realism at the boycott by 
Nigeria and Ghana of the 
Commonwealth Games, 
which begin in Edinburgh on 
July 24. 

The boycott - even if all the 
African nations were to join in 
— will severely damage only 
the men’s track races and 
boxing. But everyone recog- 
nized that the aura of the 
“Friendly Games” would still 
be tarnished by the greatest 
disturbance to the quadrenni- 
al event since it was first 
staged in 1930. 

One man in particular who 
understood the stance of Gha- 
na in joining Nigeria by 
refusing to attend the Games 
unless Britain imposed eco- 
nomic sanctions on South 
. Africa was the sprinter, Ernest 

Obeng, who ran for his 
native Ghana in the Com- 
monwealth Games in 1978 
and 1982, changed national- 
ities after being sent home 
from the 1984 Olympics and 
will represent England in Ed- 
inburgh as a relay runner. 

“Anyone who makes a 
stand against apartheid must 
be applauded,” he said “I 
fully understand the attitude 
of Nigeria and Ghana. But J 
still intend to run ” 

Obeng himself suffered 
from a boycott when Ghana, 
unlike Britain, followed an 
American call not to go to the 
1980 Olympics in Moscow 
because of the Soviet Union’s 
invasion of Afghanistan. “The 
athletes certainly saw no justi- 
fication for a boycott ibeo. 
This time I think it is going to 
destroy the Games.” 

Two athletes who were less 
sympathetic were Judy Simp- 
son. of England a stiver medal 
winner in the heptathlon, and 
Colin Jackson, of Wales, a 

high hurdler, neither of whose 
events is likely to be grievous- 
ly affected even if more coun- 
tries decide to stay away from 

“I always thought there was 
a definite possibility of a 
boycott and the stand of the 
British Government has ag- 
gravated this,” Mrs Simpson 
said “But 1 do not think that 
wrecking the Commonwealth 
Games will alter the decision 
of the British Government, 
who already seem quite happy 
to see the Commonwealth 
breaking up.” 

at middleweight, said: “We do 
Africa. Ghana and 

not live in A' 

Nigeria are practically neigh- 
bours to a country where 
blacks are being killed daily.” 

The competitors were also 
divided about whether the 
athlete, Zola Budd, and the 


who were born in Soui 
Africa, should represent En- 
gland — a decision which was 
also cited by the Africans as an 
additional reason for the boy- 

She pointed out that the 
withdrawal of various coun- 
tries from the 1980 Olympics 
did not change the mind of the 
■Soviet Union over Afghani- 
stan since they are still there 
six years later. 

Athletes would be 
against boycott 

Keith Connor, twice a win- 
ner of the triple jump and now 
a coach, ana Andrea Lynch, 
another former British inter- 
national, are to canvass mem- 
bers of the English team to 
ostracize Miss Budd, the 
favourite for the 1,500 metres. 
Tessa Sanderson, the Olympic 
javelin champion, has already 
said that the runner should 
condemn apartheid. 

“I was delighted in 1980 
when the British Olympic 
Association decided to go to 
Moscow and I am sure the 
athletes of Nigeria and Ghana 
will be devastated at the news. 
People do not realize how 
much it means to an athlete to 
compete in these Games.” 

“When we leave the shores 
of Britain we are ambassadors 
for our country and for black 
people in Britain,” Connor 
said, “but as long as Zola 
Budd refuses to take any 
stance she is still perceived as 
South African. She is a fantas- 
tic athlete but she owes the 
British team an explanation as 
to why she is not taking a 

Jackson said; “If the ath- 
letes of those countries who 
are boycotting the Games 
were to have a vote they 
would go to Edinburgh. But I 
do think sanctions should still 
be imposed. The blacks in 
South Africa cannot suffer any 
more than they are already 

Mrs Simpson thought that 
Miss Budd had a valid claim 
to compete while While said; 
“The Commonwealth coun- 
tries should have made a 
move in Los Angeles when she 
was racing there if they had 
felt strongly about it They 
should have pulled out of the 
Games then, not now “ 

All stress the difficulty of 
folly comprehending the feel- 
ing of African nations As 
Densign White, who will rep- 
resent the England judo team 

Obeng said that there were 
no moves at the moment 
within the English team to 
have Miss Budd barred from 


Pedersen takes yellow jersey 
and keeps Roche smiling 

From John WBcockson, St Hilaire de Harconet 

Everything is going right for 
Stephen Roche and his Italian 
team, Carrera, in the Tour de 
France. After Guido 
Bontempi. the team’s sprinter, 
won the sixth stage at Cher- 
bourg on Wednesday, Jorgen 
Pedersen, their Danish team- 
mate, yesterday earned the 
yellow jersey when he finished 
fourth behind Ludo Peelers, of 
Belgium, Ron Kiefel, of the 
United States, and Miguel 
Indurain, of Spain, after an 
exciting seventh stage. Roche 
finished comfortably in the 

main pack, two minutes be- 
hind. to keep 14ih place 

Peelers and Pedersen were 
In a group of eight riders who 
split away from the pack 30 
miles from the finish after a 
series of attacks on a straight 
big dipper of a road between 
Granville and Avrenches. 
Also in the group was Paul 
Kimmage, the young Irish- 
man. who is at last finding his 
feet in his first Tour de France, 
and the potentially dangerous 
Eric Cantoux. the winner of 




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the 1 984 Tour of Spain. 

With the wind at their 
backs, the leaders gained 40 
seconds before climbing the 
steep hill at Avranches. where 
the course disappeared into a 
verdant network of lanes that 
dipped and climbed along the 
barraged valley of the 

There were several counter- 
attacks but the gap continued 
to grow until four men went 
clear. 20 miles from the end. 
Kiefel was the power behind 
the chase and the four riders 
caught the breakaway group 
four miles from the finish. 

The final sprint was uphill 
into the main square of what is 
the smallest town to host the 
Tour de France this year. 
Peelers had Marten Ducrot, 
his team mate, to lead him 
out and he managed to win the 
stage by a bike length 

“I didn’t know who to 
watch in- the sprit.” admitted 
Kiefel, from Colorado, “so I 
waited until the last moment, 
but I couldn't quite get around 

Peeters, a former Belgian 
champion, last won the stage 
of the Taurde France in 1983 
at Basle, when he also took 
over the yellow jersey. Yester- 
day. it was Pedersen who 
came out on lop when the 
time gaps had been computed, 
and he now leads the race by 
just 11 seconds from Johan 
Van der Velde, of The 
Netherlands,the former race 
leader. Pedersen is the second 
Danish rider to lead the Tour. 

Sean Yates, the Sussex pro- 
fessional, also won a trophy 
yesterday. He earned a hand- 
some copper vase for winning 
one of the day's intermediate 
sprints. Yates had made a 
brief attack with Marc 
Gomez, the former French 
champion, shortly before 
Peelers and his seven compan- 
ions disappeared into the 


, Hilaire, 12S miles): 1. L . 

(Bel), 4 hr 57 min 00 sec; 2, R Kiefel 

3, M Induram (Spl: 4, J 
Blanco (Sp): 6, 


kimmage (Irak 10, D De Wo ft (Bet), 
afl same time. Other ptadngs: 24. D 

Ptrinney IUS) at 2 mtn 3 sec; 29, M 

Earley ftra), same time; 34, S Roche 
(Ire), same time: 47, R Miliar (GB). 

same time; 133. S Yatesf GB), same 


Overafl positions. 1. Pedersen. 28 
hr 48 min 36 sac 2, J Van der Vekfe 


(Noth) at it secs: 3, G BontemjHg 

at 27 sec; 4, L Rgnon (ft) 

5. D Gaign6(Fr)at 50 sec 6- T Mane 
(Fr) ai56 sec 7. C Mott* (ft) at 59 
sec; 8, JPetferfFr) at 1 min tOsec; 
9. E Boyer (Fr) at l min 13 sec 10 Y 
Madrot (Fr) at 1 min 16 sec. Other 
platings: 14, Roche at 1 min 47 see; 
21, P Anderson (Australia) at 2 min 
08 sec; 23. Millar at2 min 1 7 sec 71, 
IQmmage at 4 mm 26 sec 89, Earley 

at 5 min 30 sec 96. Yates, at 5 mm 
53 sec. 

Feast of Stephen: another birdie for the Moortown leader 

Stephen drives on 
as Britons crash 

By Mitchell Plaits 

Lyndsay Stephen, of Aus- 
tralia, maintained his chal- 
lenge for the Car Care Plan 
International with an enter- 
prising second round of 67 on 
the Moortown course in Leeds 

Stephen now has a halfway 
aggregate of 132, which is six 
under par, and he is perfectly 
poised to spare himself the 
ordeal of being required to 
pre-qualify for the Open 
Championship, which starts at 
Tumberry next Thursday, by 
taking one of the five places on 
offer this week courtesy of the 

was more than a little sur- 
prized by the manner in which 
he managed to keep his act 
together. But he is not foreign 
to the role of cutting out the 

Stephen is determined to 
make his presence felt because 
he believes that it would be 
beneficial to Australian golf if 
more players from that coun- 

try enjoyed universal success. 
“The troubl 

Royal and Ancient 

ven so, the resolute perfor- 
mance of the 30-year-old from 
Perth contrasted with the 
ineptitude of several of the 
British contenders who be- 
tween them played such a rash 
of indifferent strokes that they 
fell victim to the halfway 

The casually list was as 
surprising as it was long with 
Gordon Brand Jnr, Eamonn 
Darcy. David Feherty, Robert 
Lee, John O'Leary, Philip 
Parkin. Des Smyth, Brian 
Waites, Paul Way and Ian 
Woosnam beating a hasty 
retreat Way later discovered 
that he had signed for a wrong 
score in the first round and 
would anyway have been dis- 
qualified. Golf is a game of 
such troughs and waves that it 
would be unrealistic to view 
such results as being disas- 

trouble with our tour is 
that we have to pay enormous 
appearance money to the likes 
of Greg Norxnan in order to 
strengthen our fields," he said. 

The Moortown course pro- 
vided a difficult examination 
with a chilly wind making club 
selection difficult, but the 

SCORES (GB unless stated): 132 L 
Stephen (Aus), 65. 67. 136: G 
Levenson (SA), 71, 65. 137: P 
‘ “ V Somers 

Sp), 69. 68; J 
i Oumian, 69, 68. 

Morgan. 67, 70; D 
138: M McNulty (SA), 71, 67; V 
Fernandez (Arg), 70, 68. 139: J 
Bland (SA). 69. 70; N Faldo. 71, 68; J 
Quiros (Sp), 68, 71; A GarrWo 

Torrance. 68. 72: D i 
G Mareh (Aus), 70, 70: 
(US). 69. 71. 

; 72, 66; 

trous, with the Open Champi- 

onship on the horizon, 
those players involved. 

What is disturbing is the 
manner in which they fell by 
the wayside while Stephen 
towards the prospect of 
irsi victory on the European 
circuit and other lesser known 
goffers such as Pteter Senior 
and Vaughan Somers, both of 
Australia, and William 
Malley. of the United States, 
remained in touch. 

Stephen made a fine start by 
holing from 20 feel fora birdie 
at the demanding second hole. 
He dropped a shot at each of 
the third and fourth holes, but 
he recovered in some style by 
gathering four birdies in five 
holes from the seventh. 

In truth Stephen himself 

South African, Gavin 
Levenson, emerged with cred- 
it by virtue of collecting five 
birdies in his last 13 holes for 
65 to move to within four 
Strokes of Stephen. 

Levenson twice took three 
putts early in his round but he 
eventually conquered the 
greens by holing from 20 ft at 
the 1 7th. then from 30 ft at the 
1 8th where he turned his back 
to the hole and missed seeing 
the ball topple into the cup on 
its last roll. 

Elsewhere Nick Faldo con- 
tinued his rehabilitation with 
an excellent inward half of 32, 
which is three under par. fora 
score of 68 and a total of 
]39.Faldo has not won since 
he took this title more than 
two years ago but he is clearly 
running into a rich vein of 
form in time to try and follow 
in the footsteps of Sandy Lyle 
by winning the Open Champi- 




Rome (AP) ~ Three first 
division clubs. Udinese, Na- 
ples and Bari, were among 12 
Italian elute who had players 
and officials indicted yester- 
day on charges of “sporting 
fraud” (altering the outcome 
of matches last season in 
conjunction with illegal bet- 
ting) or “turning a blind eye” 
the rigging of up to 30 




charges have been 
made against SO people by the 
judicial arm of the Italian 
football federation and a sepa- 
rate criminal investigation is 
being conducted Italian justice 
officials. Any team found 
guilty faces relegation or 
point-penalties at the start of 
next season. Individuals could 
be banned for life. 

The betting scandal is simi- 
lar to the one in 1979-80 
which led to penalties against 
several top players. 

Sebastian Coe (above), 
Britain's doable Olympic 
L500 metres champion, ac- 
cepted a new challenge yester- 
day when be became one of the 
two vice-chairman of the 
Sports Council. The £10,000 a 
year job commits him to two 
and a half days a week work on 
Sports Council business. 

Coe, aged 29. has been a 
member of the council since 
1983 and succeeds lan 
McCaUemn, the chairman of 
the association of district 

British cannot 

in US armour 

From Jenny MacAithnr, Aachen 

Despite outstanding perfor- 
mances from Nick Skelton 
and Malcolm Pyrah, who are 
lying third and fourth, the 
British had to settle for the 
silver medals behind the 
Americans in the world cham- 
pionships here yesterday. The 
French, the defending cham- 
pions, took the bronze medal 
owing entirely to Pierre 
Durand on the diminutive 
Jappeloup, a horse who is 
rapidly becoming a national 
hero in France. 

Durand is the overzugbt 
leader for the individual 
championship which contin- 
ues tomorrow. West 
Germany's * Paul 
Schockemohle, who had been 


TEAM EVENT; 1. US, 23.63; 
Great Britain 31 .19; f “ 

4, Canada 45.13; 5, 

52 27; 6. Ma im 7ZJ3&. 7, 
80.47; 8. The Nethedands 83.09-,: . 
Switzerland 10942; 10. Austria 

INDiVUHIAL PLACtNGS (attar sec- 
ond compe ti tion): 1, P Durand, 
France 4,81; 2. C HomfeM, USA 
439; 3, N Skelton, GB, 5.88; 4 M 
Pyrah, GB, 6.64: 5. G Greenough, 
Canada, 9.73; 6, M Matz, .USA, 
10.32; 7. K BurdsaU. USA. 11.46; 8, 

J Afburatin, Argentina, 13.83; 9, H 
Simon, Austria, T6J50; It 

OMnvfi.nuauw, , u^v, 1 0, 6 MlrfllnS, 
Ireland, 17.64; 11. M Whitaker, GB, 

in the lead for the individual 
title, made a dramatic exit 
from the competition when 
his horse Deister refused twice 
at the first part of the 

Neither Ronnie Massarella, 
the British team manager, nor 
his riders could disguise their 
feelings yesterday. “Pm grate- 
fol to win the silver, but it's 
still disappointing," 
Massarella said. “We’d come 
here to win the gold.” 

His disappointment and 
that of the team was increased 
because the Americans, the 
reigning Olympic gold medal- 
lists, had shown cracks in their 
armour but with the normally 
reliable John Whitaker having 
a disastrous day on Next 
Hopscotch and his brother 
Michael not finding top form 
with Warren Point the British 
were unable to capitalize on it 

Although IS teams compet- 
ed in the championships by 
the start of yesterday’s two 
round competition the gold 
medal had already become 'a 
duel between the American 
and the British — the former 
having just one fence in hand. 
The West Germans were lying 
third with the French sitting 
hard on their heels. 

Pyrah had said before the 
competition that he could not 
envisage the American team 
cracking under pressure. 
“They look foolproof,” he 

said. But British hopes were 
raised when America’s first 
rider - the petite but tough 
Katie Monahan on the Irish- 
bred Araadia — hit the com- 
paratively straightforward 
fence 9 and the last fence 
which, coming after the water, 
proved one of the most 

Her compatriot Katherine 
BurdsaU oh The Natural also 
succombed to fence 9. When 
their third rider Michael 
Matt, winner of the individual 
bronze in the 2978 world 
championships, bad- 8 faults 
on Chef they began to look 

The British had got off to a 
good start with just one time 
fault from Skelton. Michael 
Whitaker had a knockdown at 
fence 3 and then jumped too 
big into the combination and 
hit the middle port — a fault 
which Warren Point repeated 
in -the second round. Pyrah 
went next: He is riding with 
the determination one would 
expect from a man who has 

spent the last four years with 

his sights set on these 

His horse Towerlands 
Anglezarke looked superb yes- 
terday and despite bitting the 
second part of the double of 
water ditches — which may 
have been due to- him losing 
his near-fore shoe just before 

— he finished with just 4 Vi 
faults to put Britain ahead of 
the Americans. 

A clear round from the 
fourth American — Homfeld 

— made it imperative, that 
John Whitaker should do the 
same. But disaster struck. 
Hopscotch hit each -part of the 
combination and then came to 
a grinding halt at the first 
water ditch. He completed the 
course with 39. 75 faults. 
Whitaker said afterwards it 
was the worst round of his life 

adding, with typical noncha- 
lance “but that's life, isn’t it?” 

In the second round . over 
the same course Skelton and 
Pyrah kept the Americans on 
their toes. Skelton again had 
just one time fruit and Pyrah 
had a magnificent clear round. 
With America's first rider 
Miss Monahan collecting 9 
fruits it was looking hopeftiL 
But the Americans had 
derided that was as near as the 
British were going to get Miss 
Burdsall, the least experienced 
of their four, went dear on 
The Natural, Matz and Chef 
followed their example and 
when Homfeld collected just 
four fruits the gold medal was 
theirs. John Whitaker wisely 
decided not to compete in the 
second round once he knew 
that whatever he did it would 
not make any difference 


50 overs a side 
in World 


By John Woodcock 
Cricket Correspond ait 
Rather than the matches in 
next year's Worid Cup, to be 
played in India and Pakistan, 
being of 60 overs a side and 
lasting for two days, it was 
decided at the annual meeting 
of the Imemaiional Cricket 
Conference, held at Lord's 
over the last two days, that 
they wilt be begun and fin- 
ished in a day. with 50 overs 
available to each side. 

That anyway is the idea, 
though the problem of bowl- 
ing even 100 overs in a day on 
the sub-continent has never 
yet been satisfactorily re- 
solved. One-day internation- 
als played there at the moment 
start at 9.30 and are limited to 
40 overs a side, but the short 
twilight and the inevitable 
delays mean that even (hey are 
invariably reduced. 

In most respects h was. as 
the secretary put it, “not an 
untypical ICC Conference.” 
In other words, so far as the 
curse of excessive short- 

Ian Botham yesterday de- 
nied that he had leaked details 
of his private meeting with 
Raman Subba Row, chairman 
of the Test and County Cricket 
Board. He had been called in 
to explain alleged remarks 
about the England selectors 
made at a Manchester dinner 
and Subba Row was unhappy 
that details of the meeting 
were reputed. 

Alfa back 

Alia Romeo are to return to 
grand prix raring next year as 
the supplier of four-cylinder 
1.5-li ire turbo-charged engines 
to the French Ugier team, who 
currently have the use of V6 
Renault power units. 

Cambridge win 

Istanbul (AP) — The light 
blues of Cambridge yesterday 
defeated Oxford for the sec- 
ond time this year in a rowing 
race on the Golden Horn, an 
inlet of the Bosporus Strait 
that divides Europe and Asia, 
Thousands of Turks crowded 
the banks of the waterway as 
Cambridge finished one 
length ahead of Oxford with 
Bosporus University third. 

Cutler’s task 

David Culler, of Plymouth, 
(he holder, has has been drawn 
against another Devon player, 
Les Fisher, of Torbay, in the 
last 16 of the national invita- 
tion bowls singles. 

pitched bowlingand slow Test 
match overage -are concerned 
little if anything was achieved. 
A letter, drafted by the ICC, is 
to be sent to all governing 
bodies, to be forwarded in 
turn to all first-class umpires, 
stressing that 'they will have 
the strongest backing regard- 
ing a strict interpretation of 
the law relating to intimida- 
tory bowling.. 

Australia went so far as to 
submit a paper proposing that 
the bouncer be outlawed alto- 
gether. It was felt that this 
would be going too far, and 
that within reason it should 
remain an integral pan of the 
game. The Test and County 
Cricket Board's proposal of a 
new wording regarding short- 
pitched bowling was well re- 
ceived. as was a suggestion 
that consideration be given to 
some form of restriction such 
as that used now in one-day 

But we have heard it all 
before. Nothing was done, 
although so far as over rates 
are concerned there is no 
earthly reason that I can see 
why one of the member 
countries in favour of a man- 
datory minimum of overs in a 
day should not makes propos- 
al which would compel the 
West Indians to toe the line. 

Both the multi-racial .South 
African Cricket Union and the 
more politically conscious 
South African Cricket Board 
reported in. not. in person but, 
in writing, and ICC members 
were left to meet delegates 
from these two bodies, nowin 
England, should they wish to. 
The reasons given by Bangla- 
desh and -Zimbabwe for the: 
cancellation of the England B 
lour Iasi January were ac- 
cepted. , ' 

More cricket, page 38 

in the 


David Hands. 

Governing bodies are havirc 
a hard time in New Zealand' 

this week. David Lange's Gor- 

enunent Jtas a km& row to fine 
after the accommodation with 
France over the Rainbow War- 
nor affair. And there will be a 
certain amount of outrage m 
world rugby aretes after the: 
New Zealand Rugby Union 
announcement yesterday that' 

the players win took part in 
the anauthorized tour toSooth - 
Africa earlier this year could 
be back playing internationals - 
before their season ends. 

Effectively the rebel play- 
ers, known as the New Zea- 
land Cavaliers, have been 
suspended fOT two internation- 
al . matches that against 
France played last month and - 
the first of the three-match 
series against Australia, in 
Wellington on Asgost 9. Colin 
Meads, their roach, was repri- 
manded for his part In the 
affair when die NZRU council . 
met a month agMmt retained 
his post as a national selector. 

Yesterday's coancfl meeting, 
decided the players were guilty , 
of serious misconduct for tour- * 
ing Sooth Africa without per*-, 
mission and added a farther. 
one-match ban to that imposed 
a month ago. AD the rebels ' 
who are stiff active, therefore, 
wofdd be eligible for the 
remaining two games against; 
Australia, for the eight-match 1 
tour to France in October and . 
November, and for next year's 
Worid Cup. 

> ^ v- 



K u --: 

C^..v v- * 

it--''- ' 

.... £?sk; ;; . =• 
•• - 

S3? 1 ' 

rfia!'.-- ■ 



f B Ft"* : 
t'5 3S 


tions of iUeBal payments to 
players in South Africa are 

rnnfinniiio : th e findings will be 
reported to the International 
Rugby Football Board when it 
meets in London in October 
specifically to discuss ama- 
teurism, ender the chairman- 
ship of Ces Btazey (New 
Zealand) and. vice chairman- 
ship of Dr Dante Craven 
(Sooth Africa). 

The Irish Rngby Union are 
due to discuss amateurism at 
their next committee meeting 
and New Zealand's decision 
will do nothing to settle their 
doubts over participation in 
the World Cap; it would be 
surprising if Brigadier Dennis 
Sbottieworth, the retiring 
RFU president and. his 
country's latest International 
Board representative, did not 
allode to the subject at today's 
annual meeting.,- - . - . 

Russ Thomas, chairman of 
the New Zealand nmnril, said 
last month that reb& players 
and management had made 
statutory declarations relating 
to pay for the tom; from which . 
one infers there were ' no 
grounds for additional disci- 
plinary action and the whole 
problem will be thrust into the 
lap of the International Board. 
Since tire board has also to 
give a ruling on the 
“compensation” paid to play- 
ers on Australia's 1984 tour to 
Britain and Ireland, which was 
inconsistent with IB regula- 
tions, October win be a busy 
month. : 


•i^orji Sea i; 

*10 { 

.^toilito by. — 

the c j 



If this is the end of matters 
concerning the rebel tour, then 
the players can deariy be seen 
to have got away with it; 
though there are several inter- 
pretations to-be placed 'upon 
the action — or lack of it - by 
New Zealand. One is that they 
are aware of a possible legal 
comeback by players keen to 
protect their freedom as indt- 
vidnals; another is the desire 
of some leading administra- 
tors to retain finks with South 
Africa and, therefore, their 
sympathy with the pfayers* ' 
A-thirdiaterpretatiofi is that 
by following a policy of mas- 
terful inactivity, the whole 
affair may quietly subride. 
After all, the selectors are not 
obliged to pick the rebel 
players again. The side which 
beat France 18-9 nearly a 
fortnight ago will doubtless 
receive a vote of confidence for 
the match against Astrafia 
and another goodL.peefemance 
should ensure their retention. 

required, they conld be re- 
stored on tour m France, away 
from - the domestic heat, 01 
even in Britain if plans to brio* 
the. New Zealand Barbarians 
here for four, matches -next 
spring igaterialize. Nerertiw- 
te» tbe -fect ranatartitat * 
tour arranged in .a way de- 
scribed, by Mr Biazey at ti* 
time as “totally nnacc^tobfe 
attracted paniriuneot 
which can only be desmbedas 
nrimmaL Where, one wo»«V 



2? ol »Qo:d 

31) - th e 

f Prize c f 

"4 ’ V--JC 

h. ‘ W- j-i 

P.15P ■» ! 

l;^:!4! ized 

• David Item, the 
Ifdtend and Brithfr-Xfous 
centre, .who' announced, 
retirement last November 


< C! sS5 

topfry again alter 
adviceof J.P.1L 
former Wales jmd 
Lions foil back; who jto-tiWj*. 

- — *-> •r‘7 -