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No 62,507 




* ^v.-. 'ft I, 1 




-s.r.J. q fef' 



Brittan line 

gets backing 
in Cabinet 

By Nicholas Wood and George Hill 
There was a marked stifren . [avour rf sancrtions in Mm< . 


-- a. 

* 2 r- : a *SSj, 

•• -'-Hn- 

; »■; ■ 


ing of the Government's 
stance yesterday towards pres- 
sure on South Africa to end 
apartheid, in the wake of a 
warning by Mr Leon Brittan 
that Sir Geoffrey Howe, For- 
eign Secretary, needed to be 
• armed with the threat of 
“international coercive 
measures'* to make an impact 
in Pretona. 

Senior Cabinet sources let it 
be known that Mr Brittan was 
not speaking out of turn when 
he said that Sir Geoffrey’s 
mission would be “utterly 
hofjeless” without the South 
Africans absorbing the mes- 
sage that a failure to make 
concessions earned penalties. 

At the same time, soundings 
among Conservative back- 
benchers disclosed a growing 
acceptance that a rebuff by 
Pretoria will leave Britain no 
option but gently to turn the 

Sir Anthony Kershaw, 
chairman of the all-party For- 
eign Affairs Committee, said 
he saw no conflict between Mr 
Brittan's comments and those 
of the Foreign Secretary, 

“It’s not a question of 
principle at AIL We're all with 
one or two exceptions, in 

form. The question is whether 
the existing ones are having 
sufficient effect.” 

From the right of the party, 
Mr Andrew Htmier. secretary 
of the backbench foreign af- 
faire committee and an oppo- 
nent of sanctions, said; “I see 
with regret that the consen sus 

Brittan speech 2 

Pressure on Reagan 5 
Robert Adley 6 

Leading article ' 7 

■of Tory MJV support for. the 
argument against sanctions is 

“This is the last time the 
Conservative Party will stand 
up and say no to sanctions. 
The argument has been lost by 
degrees since Nassau.” 

Mr James Pawsey, another 
influential right-winger, said 
he could only support some 
kind of action against South 
Africa if it was part of a 
concerted international effort. 

One leading minister sought 
to leave President Botha in no 
doubt of the consequences of 
sitting light when Mr Botha 
meets the Foreign Secretary 
on July 23 and 29. 

He said that “measures of 
disapproval” would be taken 
by many countries, including 
Britain, if Pretoria ignored 
calls for the release of Mr 
Nelson Mandela, the jailed 
leader of the African National 
Congress, and for negotiations 
with black leaders. 

It was suggested that the 
Cabinet shared Sir Geoffrey’s 
discomfort at being des- 
patched on his mission with- 
out EEC support. At the same 
time, it was said that there was 
no division between Mrs 
Thatcher and her Cabinet 
colleagues over the approach 
to Pretoria. No one in the 
Cabinet wanted full-blown 
economic sanctions or be- 
lieved they would succeed. 

The Prime Minister appears 
to be playing a labyrinthine 
political game in her stance on 
sanctions. Her denunciation 
of hard-hitting economic steps 
as “immoral” is calculated to 
please the right of her party, 
but she has also left herself the 
escape route of instituting 
lesser measures, signalled by 
the EEC summit in The 
Hague, such as a ban on new 
investment and imports of 
coal, iron and steeL 

Mandela refuses to see Howe 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

. Mr Nelson Mandela, . the “He is not in a position to Police said they stopped a 
jailed African National Con- meet Sir Geoffrey at all.” she 
grass leader, would certainly declared. “No black leader of 
— v - prepared to see Sir any relevance will see Sir 

Geoffrey. His visit is a non- 



not be prepared to see 
Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
Secretary, when . he visits 
South Africa later this month, 
even if Pretoria gave permis- 
sion for the meeting. 

Mrs Winnie Mandela made 
this plain yesterday after she 
had visited her husband in 
Ponsmoor Prison 
Cape Town: , 


Meanwhile, the South Afri- 
can police claimed to have 
killed 10 suspected ANC in- 
surgents in skirmishes in dif- 
ferent parts of the . country, 
and to have seized limpet 
outside ■■ mines, grenades, AK47 rifles, 
pistols and ammunition. • 

car near King William's 
Town, in the Eastern Cape, 
yesterday morning; its four 
occupants opened fire and 
threw a hand-grenade. 

One man was killed when 
the police returned the fire. 
The others sped away in the 
car. The police caught up with 
them and found a second man 
dead in the car. The other two 

Continued on page 16, col 4 

Nigel Mansell (left), the British grand prix driver who is lying second in the world championships table, at Brands Hatch 
yesterday with the Williams team chief, Frank Williams, who was paralysed in a crash in March (Photograph: Ian 

Stewart). Grand Prix Previews, pages 28 and 32. 


- STL 

Oil’s white 

The North Sea is 
host to 139 giant 
platforms. They 
were built to last — 
but what happens to 
them when the oil 
runs out? 



-. 1 ? 

. 3 

• There is £16,000 to 
be won today in The 
Times Portfolio Gold 
competition — the 
weekly prize of 
£8,000, plus double the 
daily prize of £4,000 
as there was no winner 

• Portfolio fists, 
pages 16 and 21; rules 
and how to play, 27. 

•, i* . 


On This Day 

The magnificent win in the 
quarter mile in ihe Pans 
Olympics by. Eric Liddell, 
whose achievements were 
chronicled in the film Chari- 
ots of fire, were reported in 
The Times of July 12, 

Village seized 

An' Ulster village was seized 
by 4,000 militant “loyalists 
on the eve of today's Battle of 
the Boyne anniversary 

Hold on 

Investors are advised to be 
cautious if they are tempted to 
sen British Telecom shares 
Family Money, pages 22-25 

Degree awards 

University of 

awards and Oxford Class 

are published today rsgp 

' J 

Home News 23 

AppW I® 
Arts 8 

Birtbs, deaths, 
marriages If 
Bridge Ij 
Business 17-21 

Coenrt Jf 
Gvsswerds I3.W 

Features 6,9-14 

[a« Report 


Sate Roo® 
Science * 
Sen*** Jf 
Spurt »-32 
Theatres 7 
■jV & Radio 31 
Weather 16 

Finance delay for 
Channel tunnel 

By Michael Bafty, Transport Editor 

Lord Pennock, joint chair- felt better to postpone issue of 

the prospectus until outstand- 
ing details on financing, con- 
struction and contracts with 
British and French Railways 
had been fully cleared up. 

“Our prospectus is about 
ready and due. But because 
the project is of such major 
proportions, the advice of 
brokers and bankers is not to 
issue the prospectus until 

man of the EuroTunnel group, 
admitted yesterday that finan- 
cial backers were raising unex- 
pected queries about the 
financing of the £6 billion 
Channel tunnel scheme due 
for completion in about 1993. 

There were also problems in 
Parliament, where objectors 
complained that the select 
committee was rushing the 
scheme through without giv- 
ing them a proper hearing. 

Lord Pennock said that the 
prospectus for the first £200 
'million had been postponed 
until the end of the summer 
after queries from financial 
backers about both the con- 
struction contract and de- 
tailed financing of the project 
The delay would cost the 
founder shareholders about 
£1 million a week. 

He admitted that they had 
overestimated the speed with 
which so complex a scheme 
would go through, and that 
banks were asking more ques- 
tions about the prospectus 
than they had expected. 

But he insisted that it was a 
mailer of explanation rather 
than disagreement The delay 
arose simply because it was 

everything is in place on all 
aspects of the scheme,” Lord 
Pennock said. 

Mr Jonanathan Sloggett 
chairman of the opposition 
Flexilink consortium, said: 
“Lord Pennock’s statement 
does not stand up to the most 
cursory examination. He has 
been telling us for months that- 
it is in the bag. There is plenty 
of money in the City, and 
ample time to get the prospec- 
tus out by August. 

“Their case is inaccurate, 
badly presented and full of 
holes, particularly in regard to 
capital cost, traffic forecasts, 
and tariff and interest rate 
assumptions. EuroTunnel 
have been rumbled. This is the 
beginning of the end for the 
Channel tunneL” 

Sale delayed, page 17 

Firm stand on docks 

The Government does not 
intend to overturn a Lords 
amendment to the Dockyard 
Services BilL which severely 
jeopardizes it chances of sell- 
ing off the Devonport and 
Rosyth yards before the next 
election (Our Political Report- 
er writes). 

The amendment, moved by 
Lord Denning, former Master 
Of the Rolls, imposes a duty on 

the Secretary of State for 
Defence to consult the unions 
about the “legal, economic 
and social implications” of 

The unions intend to ex- 
ploit this to spin out talks 
beyond the deadline of April 6 

Yesterday, Government 
sources were dismissing the 
Lords vote as a “slight 

closed in 
gas lorry 

A motorway was sealed off 
last night and fire engines 
were on stand-by daring a 
delicate operation to make 
safe a consignment of a highly 
inflammable chemical ga<f 
leaking from a tanker, which 
was isolated after 12 people 
were overcome by toxic fames. 

The M23 and A23 near 
Reigate, Surrey, were dosed 
while a toxic gas was vented 
from the tank, containing liq- 
uid ethyl mercaptan, which is 
used to give North Sea gas its 
smell, in a Dutch-owned 
Mercedes lorry. 

An expert flew to Britain 
from The Netherlands during 
the day to supervise the opera- 
tion and earlier, a team from 
BP Chemicals covered the 
tank with a plastic ding-foil 
type coating to prevent farther 

Oostvogeb Transport, of 
Achtmaai, said last night that 
Mr Frans Herengera, the driv- 
er, bad told them that about 
700 litres of the chemical 
remained in the tank and that 
the gas had leaked from a 
broken seaL 

The company said the four- 
year-old tony usually returned 
empty on the once-a-week nm 
from The Netherlands to the 
Fawley refinery near 

On its return the lorry was 
pursued by police from 
Arundel, West Sussex, where 
the gas leak was first detected, 
to Reigate Hill, Surrey, near 
jnnetion 8 of the M25. 

Seven police officers, the 
Dutch tanker driver, a taxi 
Continued on page 16, col 1 

Inflation rate falls to 
lowest in 19 years 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

The rate of inflation fell to cent or more by the end of the of 1 64.6p for a gallon of four- 

2.5 per cent last month, its 
lowest since December 1967. 
Helped by a reduction in 
mortgage rates, the cost of 
living actually fell in June 
compared with May. 

Lord Young of Graflham, 
the Secretary of State for 
Employment, said: “This is 
good news. Good news for the 
economy and good news for 
jobs. This is the best news of 
the summer. The rate of 
inflation has fallen for the 
sixth consecutive month and. 
at 2.5 per cent, is now lower 
than in any month for almost 
20 years.” 

The June inflation rate of 
2.5 percent compared with 2.8 
per cent in May and 5.7 per 
cent at the end of last year. In 
"June 1985, it was 7 per cent 

City economists believe fur- 
ther falls in the inflation rate 
will be difficult to achieve and 
that the June figure could be 
the low point. Inflation is 
expecied to edge up to 3 per 


The pound's weakness of 
the past few days could, if 
sustained, lead to higher im- 
port prices, and make further 
reductions in interest and 
mortgage rates difficult. Yes- 
terday, the pound fell by a cent 
to Si. 5062 and the sterling 
index dropped 0.3 to 74.6. 

In addition, buitdingsociety 
receipts are very weak. Last 
month, net receipts fell to 
£177 million, the lowest for 
nearly two years. 

The retail price index fell 
from 386.0 in May to 385.8 
last month, the fust monthly 
decline in the index since last 

The biggest single factor was 
the reduction in mortgage 
rates from 12 to 11 per cent 
from June 1 . There were smaH 
reductions, in the summer 
sales, for clothing, footwear 
and household durable goods. 
Eggs and tomatoes also fell 

But petrol increased by 3.ip 
a gallon to a national average 


67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 

star, the first price rise for 
more than 12 months. There 
were also higher prices for 
fresh vegetables. Cigarette 
prices went up, and there were 
'further instalments of gas and 
electricity tariff increases. 

Telephone charges should, 
however, come down a little 
because under the terms of 
British Telecom's privatiza- 
tion, charges have to be set on 
the basis of the increase in the 
retail prices index in the 12 
months to June, less 3 percent- 
age points. 

On another measure of 
inflation, the tax and price 
index, inflation last month 
was even lower. This measure, 
which takes account of tax and 
national insurance changes, 
rose by 0.6 per cent in the 12 
months to June, the lowest 
increase on record, compared 
with 0.9 per cent in May. 

Lord Young said: “I hope 
that pa y negotiators on both 
sides will see that high pay 
rises are simply no longer 
needed to keep up with 

Mr Kenneth Edwards, dep- 
uty director general of the 
Confederation of British In- 
dustry. echoed this. “The 
continued fall in inflation 
offers British industry its best 
chance of winning new busi- 
ness and creating new jobs for 
many years,” he said. 

But Labour's employment 
spokesman, Mr John Prescott, 
said the Government’s strate- 
gy had failed. “Mrs Thatcher 
promised that low inflation 
would bring more jobs;” he 
said. “It is lime we were told 
when.” Comment, page 19 





By Rodney Cowton 

Defence Correspondent 

Professor John CaMweft, 
who was appointed two weeks 
ago tohold an independent 
inquiry into the controversy 
over the Royal Navy's rejec- 
tion of the “short fat" hull 
form for its frigates, resigned 
yesterday before the inquiry 
could begin. 

He did so because of fears 
that bis impartiality might be 

The appointment of Profes- 
sor Caldwell, president of the 
Royal Institution of Naval 
Architects, to be chairman of 
the inquiry, was announced on 
June 25. 

Bnt within two days, it was 
being pointed out, and was 
exclusively reported in The 
Times, that he was a non- 
executive director of a subsid- 
iary of British Shipbuilders, 
one of the main parties to the 

Yesterday, in a written an- 
swer in the House of Lords, 
Lord Trefgarne, Minister of 
State for Defence Procure- 
ment, revealed that Professor 
Caldwell had now resigned 
from the inquiry. 

Lord Trefgarne said he had 
been satisfied that there would 
have been no conflict of inter- 
est and that Professor Cald- 
well would have brought a 
proper degree of impartiality, 
as well as exceptional profes- 
sional knowledge, to the 

Bnt Professor Caldwell had 
■ felt there might have been 
some residual donbtabont his 
impartiality which con Id have 
undermined the authority of 
any report he produced. 

Professor Caldwell was not 
available for comment last 

The Ministry of Defence 
will now have to seek another 
chairman, and it is possible 
that they will have to turn to a 
judge or Queen's Counsel, 
which was the original recom- 
mendation of a report pro- 
duced by Admiral of the Fleet 
Lord Hill-Norton, a former 
Chief of the Defence Staff, 
which prompted the setting up 
an independent inquiry. 

Lord HiB-Norton said last 
night that although he had no 
doubts about Professor 
Caldwell's impartiality, he 
had probably been wise to 

It would be very difficult to 
find a naval architect to con- 
duct the inquiry, who had not 
been involved in the controver- 
sy, be said. 

He thought a judge or QC 
would be able to conduct an 
inquiry’ into even such a highly 
technical issue provided he 
was supported by a technical 

Two detained over 
killing of consul 

From Geoffrey Matthews, Bogota 

Two men have been de- 
tained two men in connection 
with the killing of MrGeoflrey 
Hutchinson, Britain's honor- 
ary consul in BarranquiUa, 
who was shot dead on Thurs- 
day night in what appears to 
have been a well planned cont- 
ract murder. He is to be buried 

Mr Hutchinson, aged 45, 
was killed while driving near 
the cathedra] where only four 
days earlier the Pope delivered 
an impassioned plea for an 
end to civil violence in 

Witnesses said two youths 
on a motorcycle shot Mr 
Hutchinson three times at 
point-blank range before 
speeding away. 

There seems no basis for 
early speculation that Mr 
Hutchinson was the victim of 
a politically motivated mur- 

der by one of Colombia's 
guerrilla groups. The British 
Embassy in Bogota said he 
had received no threats and 
had no known enemies. 

The style of the murder has 
become common in Colombia 
in recent years. It originated in 
the nation's second biggest 
city, Medellin, often dubbed 
the “world’s cocaine capital". 
It is headquarters of 
Colombia’s drug barons, who 
the United States Drug En- 
forcement Agency claims are 
the brains and managers of 
production of cocaine in 
South America and its distri- 
bution in the US and Europe. 

There has been no sugges- 
tion that Mr Hutchinson, a 
Colombian citizen, was in- 
volved in drugs. He was a 
prosperous businessman in 
the city, and although the 
. Continued on page 16, col 3 

Geldof to 
be knighted 
by Queen 

By Alan Hamilton 

The Queen will personally 
award his honorary knight- 
hood to Bob Geldof, the 
femine relief organizer, at an 
investiture at Buckingham 
Palace on July 24. 

Honorary knighthoods, a 
decoration reserved for non- 
British citizens, are generally 
presented by the Foreign Sec- 
retary. The Queen's decision 
to include Mr Geldof in a 
Palace investiture is seen as a 
mark of her high regard for his 

Buckingham Palace said 
last night that it was still 
awaiting Mr Geldofs accep- 
tance of the invitation. 

Mr Geldof, who is a citizen 
of the Irish Republic and 
therefore not entitled to a full 
knighthood, will have the 
decoration placed around his 
neck by the Queen. 

Letter clue shows original Bronte photograph 

By Gavin Bell, Arts Correspondent 

The Bronte Society has thought to provide the tat 
marie what experts betieve is a due to rtTtoe 

2-verv exciting discovery” of author of jme Ewe, rtmse 

Ae oriSSTo<>U kw™ P b °- ** ■ «“ *“ "■> ^ 

author Ch*r- erto only frog portraits. 
JrtteBronte. , Dr S«M Foster, cantor of 

The carte-de- visile photo- 
graph In sepia tones ofa 
woman in profile ms found 
among items bequeathe® by 
Mrs Elizabeth Gordon, a for- 
mer vice-president of tire soci- 
ety who died last December. 

An accompanying letter 
from a nineteenth-cedterf 
nhotographer has persuaded 

aSSontiw that ft is tireong- 

naJ, from which was produced 
a glass negative that was 
discovered among ar<*rres©t 
the National Portrait Gallery 

^The* remarkable find fs 


ry coDectioa, said she 
thrilled by the latest discovery. 

“It provides the vital fink 
which we did not have before, 
firing the negative hack into 
Charlotte Bronte’s circles. 
While there can be no absolute 
proof, the authenticity of the 
photograph and hence of the 
negative is now virtually 


The negative was among 
thousands forming the collec- 
tion of Sir Emery Walker, a 
photographer of works of art, 
but onto now experts had no 

her death. Apart from that 
statement and the photo- 
graphed face's physical resem- 
blance to painted portraits, 
there was nothing to prove that 
it was genuine. 

The typewritten letter from 
Sir Emery to a Mr Howard, 
thought to be an employee of 
Charlotte Bronte’s publisher, 
appears to provide the missing, 

The tetter, dated January 
1918, says: “We made the 
negative satisfactorily .~so for 
as I can ascertain (lie pboto- 
The image that appears graph Iras never been 
to be Charlotte Bronte's • pnblishetLJn the meantime I 

return the original photograph 
idea how he had obtained it with this. I rave had it quite 
A label in his studio card safely here in our safe.” 
index said simply it was from a A handwritten inscription 

carte-de-visite of Charlotte, on the reverse of the enclosed 
Bronte, taken within a year of carte-de-visite says*. “Within a 

_JL . H 

year of CB*s death." 

The Cut that the latest finds 
were among the effects of Mrs 
Gordon lends them, a further 
degree of authenticity, for she 
was tike granddaughter of 
Charlotte Bronte’s publisher, 
George Smith, 

Dr Joliet Barker, curator 
and librarian of the Bronte 
Parsonage Museum, said that 
the must likely possibility was 
that it was taken on her 
honeymoon. “Her husband 
had at least two photographs 
taken at this time, and it has 
always seemed surprising that 
there should not be companion 
photographs of his bride.” The 
honeymoon was in 1854. 

Hie carte-de-visite will be 
displayed at the museum at' 
Haworth, West Yorkshire. 

Since foe French sank the Tlambow Warrior; Greenpeace has:-^ 

I ■ Disrupted IS tests •Declared Antarctica a World Park S 
•Wan a baa on damping nodear waste at sea •Surveyed ■ 

I DS coastal pollution •Stopped Norwegian steps from lefl&w q V 
Minke whales. ■ 

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^ Greenpeace. 36 Graham Street, London N1 8LL J 





****** SL 

Judge bans publication 
of extracts from 

ex-MI5 man’s book 

The Guardian and The Ob- 
server were banned yesterday 
from publishing revelations 
about MI5 contained in a 
book written by a former 
senior officer, Mr Peter 

Mr Justice Millett ruled m 
the High Court that “The 
security service must be seen 
to be teak-proof". 

Giving judgement in open 
court after a three-day hearing 
in chambers, the judge added: 
“The appearance of confiden- 
tiality is essential for its 
effective functioning. Its 
members simply cannot be 
a] towed to write their 

Mr Justice Millett contin- 
ued an injunction obtained by 
the Attorney General against 
the newspapers at an earlier 
date but limited its terms so 
that they can report proceed- 
ings in the Australian court 
where the British Government 
is trying to ban a book of Mr 
Wright's proposed memoirs. 

The judge dismissed an, 
application by the two news-’ 
papers to discharge the injunc- 
tion made against them by Mr 
Justice Macpheison on June 
27 after the publication of two 
articles alleging unlawful acts 
by security officers. 

The injunction banned the 
publication of information ob- 
tained by Mr Wright in con- 
nection with his work as a 
member of the security ser- 
vices. He retired in 1976. 

But Mr Justice Millett yes- 
terday described the original 
injunction as “far too wide". 

He said the newspapers 
could report information 
about the security services so 
long as it was not attributed to 
Mr Wright* The ban on Mr 
Wright’s revelations would 
continue for about eighteen 
months until after the trial in 
New South Wales, he said. 

The judge added: “Prior 
restraining of publication is a 
severe interference with the 
freedom of the Press but those 

Al-Fayed brothers win 
fight against Lonrho 

The wealthy Al-Fayed 
brothers won their fight in the 
High Court yesterday to stop 
further publication of allega- 
tions that they tried to bribe 
the Prime Minister and her 
son to help them to win their 
battle with Mr Tiny Rowland, 
of Lonrho, for control at . 

The Observer, owned by 
Lonrho, carried out a “persis- 
tent and irresponsible journal- 
istic campaign against the 
brothers long after the public 
had ceased to have an 
interest", Mr Justice Mann 

He refused to grant iqjmic- 
tions because there was no 
evidence that the newspaper 
intended to repeat the allega- 
tions which it accepted were 

Bat The Observer gave un- 
dertakings not to repeat the 

allegations without giving the 
brothers seven days' warning. 

The newspaper had pub-' 
fished 18 articles between 
March last year and last May 
concerning the background, 
wealth and resources of the 

The articles had alleged 
that the brothers had induced 
the Sultan of Brunei to give 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher a 
jewelled gold bracelet and to 
grant Mr Mark Thatcher a 
valuable braiding contract 

They also claimed that the 
brothers bad arranged a meet- 
ing hi Brunei between the 
Sultan, Mrs Thatcher and Mr 
Thatcher to induce the British 
Government to treat their offer 
for foe House of Fraser and 
Harrods favourably and pre- 
vent Lonrho from making a 
rival offer. 

freedoms are not absolute. 

“They are subject to such 
restraint as are necessary in a 
democratic society in the in- 
terests of national security.” 

The Attorney General’s 
concern was not that The 
Observer and The Guardian 
were campaigning for an in- 
vestigation into allegations of 
- misconduct, but that the alle- 
gations were being made by a 
former senior member of the 
security services. 

That could be highly detri- 
mental to the public interest 

The judge said the damage 
that had already been done by 
the news that Mr Wright was 
planning to write bis memoirs 
could be undone only “if he 
was stopped and seen to be 
stopped . 

The judge heard evidence 
that Mr Wright’s allegations 
refer primarily to misconduct 
among officers during the 
1950s and 1960s when he 
worked for MI5 and had 
access to highly classified 
information, much of it still 
“highly sensitive”. 

Sir Robert Armstrong, advi- 
sor on the intelligence services 
to the Prime Minister, said ixT 
sworn evidence that publica- 
tion of any facts by Mr Wright 
based on information avail- 
able to him was likely to 
“seriously damage” the work 
of the intelligence services. 

The judge rejected the argu- 
ment put forward for the 
newspapers by Mr Anthony 
Lester, QC, that there was a 
“compelling public interest" 
at stake in the disclosure not 
merely of the allegations 
against M15 officers but also 
of the feet that they were 
disclosed by a former MI5 

Mr Lester had submitted 
that if the injunction were 
continued and the Govern- 
ment succeeded in suppress- 
ing publication in this case, it 
could do so in any case where 
confidential information was 

After the ruling the newspa- 
pers said they were consider- 
ing an appeaL 

Australian hearing, page 4 

Action on Education paper 
adjourned boycott attacked 

By Michael McCarthy 

By Tim Jones 

The High Court action in 
Which News International and 
related companies are seeking 
to curb alleged unlawful pick- 
eting outside Wapping and 
other offices and distribution 
centres for its newspapers was 
adjourned yesterday until 
T uesday to enable the judge to 
read documents relating to the 

Over the weekend and on 
Monday Mr .Justice Sluart- 
Smith will read more than 
1,200 pages of documents 
relating to the six-month dis- 
pute which began when print- 
ing workers were dismissed 
after they had embarked on 
strike action. 

Many of the documents 
relate to sworn affidavits from 
senior management and em- 
ployees of The Times, The 
Sunday Times , the Sun and 
News of the World which 
describe incidents of alleged 
intimidation and interference. 

Other documents, provided 
by the printing unions Sogat 
’82 and the National Graphi- 
cal Association, deny the alle- 
gations and seek to justify the 
demonstrations, marches and 
picketing that have taken 

News International, the five 

The decision by some La- 
bour-controlled education- au- 
thorities to withdraw ad- 
vertisements for teaching 
posts from The Times Educa- 
tional Supplement was at- 
tacked as disgraceful yesterday 
by Mr Harry Greenway, the 
senior member of the Com- 
mons Select Committee on 

Twenty-two authorities are 
refusing to place advertise- 
ments until the dispute is 
resolved between News Inter- 
national. owner of the supple- 
ment, and printing unions 
over the company's move to 
Wapping, east London. 

Mr Greenway, Conserva- 
tive MP for Ealing North, said 
that parents had a right to 
have the best possible teachers 
recruited for their children's 
schools and it was not for local 
authorities to take that right 

Mr Greenway, a former 
deputy headmaster, said: 
“This decision is absolutely 
disgraceful and reprehensible. 
It is on a par with the attempts 
to withdraw The Times from 

“Teachers look for jobs in 
The Times Educational Sup- 
plement and this is a tradition- 
al habit which will never be 

broken. The dangers of this 
boycott to teaching practice 
and policy are immense." 

The publisher of The Times 
supplements. Mr Ian Trafford, 
said: “It will be noticed that 
many of the authorities boy- 
cotting The Times Education- 
al Supplement are in inner 
cities which are precisely the 
areas where it is most difficult 
to get teachers to go. 

“We think it is highly 
regrettable and most im- 

In spite of the boycotts the 
journal is attracting record 
levels of advertising, Mr 
Trafford said. 

The most recent derision to 
boycott thesupplemenu taken 
by the controlling Labour 
group in Hounslow, west Lon- 
don, may be challenged in the- 
courts. The leader of the 
Alliance group on the council, 
Mr Jim Daly, a polytechnic 
lecturer, is seeking legal ad- 


The aulhorttte Involved are: Deny- 
JhJre and Gwrnl (counties), Brent 
* fartwev, Newham- and 

Waltham Forest (London boroughs): 

and Barnsley. Birmingham. Coventry, 
■raster. KtrlUen. Leeds. Manches- 

Danrastu. _ 

ter. Newcastle upon Tyne, Roctidai*. 
S* Helens. Sand wet I. stietfteid. 
Thamestdc. Wakefield, and wigan 

imetFonoinan boroughs) 

p Labour -control led 

ID addition, the „„„ 

Inner London Education Authority, 
while not formally oaycMlino the 
newspaper, has reduced its advertis- 
ing for teaching oasts by 76 per cent 
to bo per cent- 

red led companies and an 
advertising manager on The 
Times are seeking injunctions 
to ban the printing unions and 
six named officials from orga- 
nizing anything but a lawful 
picket of six people outside 
their premises. 

In the High Court yester- 
day. Mr Anthony Grabiner, 
QC. for News International 
and related companies, spoke, 
of a victory won by working 
miners during the pit strike in 
support of the attempt to 
restrain the level of picketing. 

He said that in 1985 work- 
ing miners in South Wales had 
won a High Court ruling that 
intimidation by pickets was a 
civil law wrong and could be 
slopped by an injunction. 

He said that m law the 
pickets were interfering with 
foe company’s ability to per- 
form its contract with suppli- 
ers and customers and were 
also “highly intimidatory” to 
employees entering or leaving 
the plant at Wapping, east 

The hearing is expected to 
take 10 days. 

Sir Kenneth ‘obsessed 
with public order’ 

By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, the 
shadow Home Secretary, yes- 
terday accused Sir Kenneth 
Newman, the Metropolitan 
Police Commissioner, Of be- 
ing obsessed with public or- 
der, and of misusing police 
manpower in the News Inter- 
national dispute. 

Mr Kaufman said that near- 
ly £1.5 million in public mon- 

ey had been spent buttressing 

Mr Rupert Murdoch’s 
to negotiate reasonably with 
his dismissed staff 

In a Commons debate on 
policing London, Mr Kauf- 
man said: “When criminals 
are amok in London, in many 
cases almost uncontrollable 
throughout London and Brit- 
ain. it is unacceptable that the 
long-suffering police should be 
used against their will as a 
private security service to 


Shopping by post? 

Play it safe 

Readers who reply to cosh with order advertisements in 
nnlionaf newspapers or colour supplements are safeguarded 
by the National Newspapers Mail Order Protection Scheme. 
This covers ell categories of floods and services with the 
exception of: those advertised under classified headings, 
perishable foodstuffs, horoscopes, lucky charms, gardening 
and medical products. 

The MOPS protection guarantees that your money will be 
rehisdoi i/ a memtwr ad vertissr stops Uadiqg and does aot 
deliver your order, or refund your payment. 

Advertisements covered by the Scheme may include the 
MOPS symbol or the initial letters MOPS in their layouL 

Forfuli details send a 9 *6 stamped TWNfflQNAiMwwwsr 
addressed envelope to: 

The National Newspapers' Mailorder 
Protect ion Scheme. 

16 Hooks Court. London. EC4A 1LB. 

«U C*W(p«OIKT!C1n:<>4"" 

enable Mr Murdoch to pocket 
his profits.” 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, said that Sir 
Kenneth had carefully exam- 
ined and analysed the matter 
of police deployment at the 
News International plant at 
Wapping, east London. 

“1 wish there was no need 
for this deployment at 
Wapping, which is a distrac- 
tion from the task of protect- 
ing Londoners from ordinary 
crime. But 1 do not think 
anyone could argue we could 
simply leave the situation 
there unpoliced," he said. 

Admitting that the past year 
had been the “most challen- 
ging” in the history of the 
Metropolitan Police, Mr Hurd 
announced that the Ministry 
of Defence was loaning the 
force 10 one-ton armoured 
Land Rovers for use in riots as 
a stop-gap measure while it 
awaited its own vehicles. 

Mr Hurd said that they 
would only be used in the 
event of “serious disorder" 
and were needed to provide 
“proper protection against 
firearms and sustained attack 
by petrol bombs". 

Mr John Wheeler, Conser- 
vative MP for Wesrminsier 
North, denied that the police 
were wasting time when they 
were despatched on public 
order duties. He said that the 
Labour Party and its support- 
ers lay behind many demon- 
strations in central London. 

Parliament, page 4 

Mr Kinnock and Mrs Lynn Golding, Labour candidate for Newcastle-under-Lyme, in 
foe town yesterday (Photograph: John Carter). 




‘Howe must warn 
of consequences 9 

Mr Neil Kinnock, the leader 
of the Labour Party, appealed 
to the Commonwealth leaders 
yesterday not lo follow the 
example of Nigeria and Ghana 
and pull out of this month’s 
Commonwealth Games in 

He urged them instead to. 
convince Mrs Margaret 
Thatcher of the consequences 
of refusing to impose full 
sanctions against South 

He wrote to the High Com- 
missioners in London this 
week emphasizing the impor- 
tance of the unity of the 

Speaking at Newcastle-un- 
der-Lyme yesterday, he said: 
“1 would regret withdrawal 
from the Games. But I can 
completely understand their 

He added that Mr Leon 
Brittan, the former Conserva- 
tive Cabinet minister, was 
right to call on the Govern- 
ment to impose sanctions. 

Mr Kinnock said that even 
Mrs Thatcher’s claim that she 
deplored apartheid was “los- 
ing conviction” 

In Edinburgh, Mr Robert 
Maxwell, chairman of the 
Games, delivered a “hold 
firm" plea yesterday to any 
countries considering joining 
the boycott 

He said the decision by 
Nigeria and Ghana to boycott 
the Games in protest at British 
policy on South Africa “will 
do them no good at all”. 

He added: “These are not 
Mrs Thatcher’s Games. They 
are the Games of the British 
Commonwealth. Fifty nations 
are involved, and any leader 
or politician who tries to use 
these Games to secure points, 
political ones, is really scoring 

The following is an . extract 
from Mr Leon Britten’s 
speech in Horsham, Sussex, 
on Thursday: 

“The cynicism wifowhich 
many have greeted Sir Geof- 
frey Howe’s visit to Southern 
Africa this week is wholly 

“The obstacles are obvious- 
ly enormous and attitudes are 
clearly entrenched. But Bri- 
tain’s particular position, both 
historically and economically. 

makes it entirely appropriate 

foat foe British Foreign! 
tary, particularly during the 

British presidency of the EEC, 
sboaid a t least make one 
further effort to open up 
dialogue within Southern Afri- 
ca and avert catastrophe. 

“Outside Southern Africa it 
is we who have most to lose ff 
that catastrophe should mat- 

“We also have to face the 
feet that many people in this 
country are extremely reluc- 
tant for os to embark on 
coercive measures against 
South Africa. 

“Those who take this view 
are not supporters of apart- 
heid or friends of foe present 
South African Government. 
They simply do not believe 
that coercion works and cer- 
tainly not unless the measures 
taken are universally applied. 

“But if Sir Geoffrey’s final 
effort of conciliation fails there 
wifi be many people who have 
hitherto been reluctant to sup- 

port vigorons . measures 
against South Africa who will 
come to fo » conclusion 
there is no alternative. 

“Sir Geoffrey's mission has, 
therefore, a domestic impor- 
tance, as well as an interna- 
tional one. 

“But if he is to stand the 
remotest chance of success be 
must go armed with the neci 

sary authority. Whatever their 

Hicailwntaps, inlr^lltf ""* 1 

coercive measures, whether 
formally labelled as sanctions 
or not, are one of foe few 
weapons in our arsenal against 
foe citadel of apartheid beyond 

mere persuasion. 

“Weapons need not always 
be used in order to be effective, 
hat if their preferable deter- 
rent effect is to be achieved it 
mnst be clearly understood 
that foe will and readiness to 
use them exists. So ft: is with 

“The world must know of 
our readiness to have recourse 
to stronger measures against 
foe Pretoria regime in foe 
event of the tenure of Sir 
Geoffrey's mission. 

“Without that knowledge 
the mission wifi-not just be, as 
is inevitable, formidably diffi- 
cult, but utterly hopeless. 

“However aide our messen- 
ger may be, when he ultimate- 
ly arrives in Pretoria what 
message can he deliver if he 
does not cany with him the 
dearest indication of foe con- 
sequences if he foils?” 



own goals against 
national athletes.” - 
A further appeal to the two 
countries to change their 
minds was launched in Edin- 
burgh yesterday by a group of 
prominent Scots, including 
Dame Naomi Mitchison, foe 
author, Sir Alexander Gibson, 


the conductor, and 
Calder, the writer. 

Meanwhile. David Hemeiy, 
a gold medallist in the 1970 
Edinburgh Games, brought 
the Commonwealth friend- 
ship scroll back to the city 
yesterday after its 50,000 mile 
journey around the world. 


in surprise 


of village 

By Richard Ford 

Tension , was rising in 
Northern Ireland last night 
after further sectarian rioting 
and the “seizure” of a village 
by up, to 4,000 militant 
“loyalists” who were drilled 
for an hour. 

The Rev Ian Paisley, along 
with his Democratic Unionist 
Party, took the security forces 
by surprise by bringing a 
cavalcade of- thousands of 
men to Hillsborough, Co 
Down, in a demonstration 
codenamed “Operation 

Mr Nicholas Scott, parlia- 
mentary under-secretary of 
state at the .Northern Ireland 
Office, attempted to dismiss 
the operation as a “well- 
organized stunt”. . ; 

But the demonstration, in 
which the village was sealed 
off and some men appeared in 
paramilitary-style uniforms 
with balaclavas and armed 
with sticks and cudgels, has 
caused serious concern among 
senior police officers. 

The evident lack of intelli- 
gence about the operation and 
its effect on wilder elements in 
the loyalist community on the 
eve of today’s traditional Or- 
ange parades heightened fears 
that the province may plunge 
into more sectarian trouble. 

Throughout yesterday, se- 
nior police offices and leading 
Official Unionist politicians 
attempted to defuse a flash- 
point situation planned for 
Portadown today, when Or- 
angemen have threatened to 
defy a Royal Ulster Constabu- 
lary ban on their parade 
passing through a mainly Ro- 
man Catholic area. 

Mr Paisley’s demonstration 
at Hillsborough has strained 
to breaking point the. uneasy 
alliance of the Official and 
Democratic Unionist parties. 

Senior politicians arid offi- 
cials in the OUP were told 
nothing of the plan, and while 
they are united in their hostil- 
ity towards the Anglo-Irish 
Agreement, there is little the 
two parties now agree upon 
about tactics to get nd of it. 

The Alliance will be tested 
today, as will foe security 
forces, when thousands of 
Orangemen parade at 19 ven- 
ues throughout the north, 
commemorating the 296th an- 
niversary of the Battle of foe 
Boyne. . 

The Independent Orange 
Order is to stage an illegal 

to open 


Peace plan for 
prison dispute 

Saturday and assistant prison 
drafted in 

Ruth Ellis 
actress hangs 

march in an overwhelmingly 
in Co 

Roman Catholic village 
Antrim in an attempt to divert 
police and army resources 

way from Portadown. 

Elsewhere in the province, a 
police officer was injured in 
serious rioting between rival 
factions in north Belfast, three 
officers were injured in distur- 
bances in Maghera, the homes 
of two Roman Catholics in 
Antrim were petrol-bombed, 
and there were disturbances 
between Roman Catholics 
and Protestants on a mixed 
housing estate in Portadown. 

Yesterday afternoon, a taxi 
driver escaped death when 
outlawed loyalist Ulster Free- 
dom Fighters attacked his taxi 
in foe north of Belfast. 

Tax ‘bonus’ to 
companies in 
special zones 

By George Hill 

Companies In Enterprise 
Zones have enjoyed an unin- 
tended tax windfall of more 
than £70 million, a report 
from Parliament's Public Ac- 
counts Committee claimed 

The zones, introduced in 
1980, were intended to encour- 
age new firms to move into 
areas of economic decline. The 
Government deliberately 
made no restrictions on tax 
inducements to new enter- 

Rates exemptions alone to 
existing firms in the 23 enter- 
prise zones amounted to £70 

The MPs say .they are 
concerned at foe scale of 
oncovenanted benefits, and 
criticize “a lack of complete- 
ness and consistency” in ar- 
rangements to monitor the 
effects of the zones. 

“Special attention should be 
paid to establishing the ad- 
verse effects of enterprise 
zones on other areas”. 

Enterprise Zones: 34th Report 
of the Committee of Public 
Accounts. (HMSO. £4). 

CPSA leader 
leaves ruling 
to the court 

Mr John Macreadie, the 
Liy elected general secre- 
)f the Civil and Public 

tary o: 

Services Association and a 
supporter of the Militant Ten- 
dency, said yesterday that he 
will leave it to foe High Court 
to decide whether he can take 
up his disputed post 
The court decided to ad- 
journ until Monday his legal 
challenge to the association's 
national executive ban on his 
taking up his office pending an 
inquiry into alleged ballot 
rigging. Afterwards Mr Mac- 
readie said he would not be 

carrying out his threat to turn 
up for 

up tor work on Monday. 

Instead be wiU attend the 
High Court hearing of his 
application for an injunction 
to' ban the executive from 
implementing its 19-7 vote for 
an investigation bythe Elec- 
toral Reform Society into 
alleged irregularities in last 
week's ballot. 

Mr Macreadie beat Mr John 
Ellis, a candidate of foe right, 
by J21 votes. 

Mr Macreadie said yester- 
day: “We want the matter 
settled as soon as possible." 

Labour Telecom plan 
‘is highway robbery’ 

By Onr Political Reporter 

Mr Norman Tebbit yester- 
day savaged as highway rob- 
bery Labour’s plans to take the 
recently privatized British 
Telecom into “social 

• The Tory chairman showed 
no sign of bowing to criticism 
within his party of his abrasive 
style as he asserted that soda! 
ownership amounted to na- 
tionalization by another name 
and meant “theft and political 

He told party workers in 
Birmingham: “There’s noth- 
ing very social about Labour’s 
plans to rob British Telecom 

“Mr Kinnock' and Mr 
Hattersley make highwaymen 
look like gentlemen. Not the 
cry of ‘your money or your 
life’, but as the robbed BT 
shareholders it would be "your 
money and your rights’.” 

Mr Tebbit said that the 
f .25 million shareholders in 
the company would suffer 
whether they opted to sell 
their shares at the original 
offer price of 130p or convert 
them into Labour bonds. Un- 
der state control, the 


company’s profitability 
bound to fell sharply- 

He derided Labour’s pro- 
posal for a British investment 
bank as a “socialist zoo for 
lame ducks and state 

Meanwhile, Mr Roy 
Hattersley, the shadow Chan- 
cellor, speaking in Cardiff, 
pledged a future Labour gov- 
ernment to reduce drastically 
the country’s “over-depen- 
dence on nuclear power” by 
boosting the coal industry. 

A freeze on building new 
atomic energy stations and a 
start to decommissioning foe 
-old Magnox' plants would be 
accompanied by increasing 
foe output from coal-fired 
stations and setting up new 

• A letter yesterday from Mr 
Tebbit to foe 500,000 newly 
enfranchised British voters 
living and working abroad 
heralded foe Conservative 
Party’s drive to win support- 
ers among them as Mr Doug- 
las Hurd, the Home Secretary, 
announced the new voting 
rales were in effect. 

Hippie convoy 
on move again 

About fifty members of the 
hippfe^peace convoy” cam- 
ped on the esiaie of Lord 
Gifford of Chudleigfr at 
Gmdleigh, Devon, were or- 
dered to leave yesterday after 
an injunction was granted in 
Plymouth Crown Court 
Captain Thomas CUffbrd, 
who runs foe estate for his 
father, said that foe hippies 
would be given a chance to 
leave of their own will 

Mill owner in 



By Hugh Clayton 
Environment Correspondent 

Motorists will be able to 
drive along nine miles, of th$ 
prehistoric Ridgeway path 
near Salisbury plain in a deal 
agreed by foe Anny. . 

About twenty-two nujes of 
paths and: tracks are to be 
given unrestricted.' public ac- 
cess to compensate for closure 
of 32 miles of pitih in th$ 
Larkhill artillery ranged - 
Mr Duncan Mackay, deputy 
secretary of the; Open Spaces 
Society, said yesterday: “This 
does not compensate for the 
loss of rights of way through 
foe impact area of.the ranges’*. 

The nine miles of Ridgeway 
track go from St Joan a Gores 
Cross on foe main A360 to 
West Chisenbury on foe A345 
north of Stonehenge. " 
it is now closed when finite 
takes place. - 

Ministers gave permission 
eariy this week for closure iff 
paths in the Larkhill impafe 
area in the - face of opposition 
from villagers, environmental 
campaigners and hunting and 
shooting enthusiasts. 

v- , 


..vt ' 

• IV.* 

..-.t ‘ . i:*- - 


The women prison officers’ 
dispute at Risley Remand 
Centre in Cheshire, which had 
threatened to spread through- 
out Britain, was settled yester- 
day when they accepted -a 
peace formula which jnejudes 
a unit to segregate pnfokan 

Members of the Prison 
Officers* Association had been 
working to rule since ' last 


><r-.' r v •" 

: P- - 

iftfwy ; > 

governors had been < 
to run foe women’s wing 
whicb has 137 inmates await- 
ing IriaL . 

. Juliet Butler, aged 20, a 
drama student due to play the 
role of Ruth Ellis, the last 
woman to be executed in 
Britain, hanged was 
recorded at an inquest at St 
Pancras, central London, yes- 

Miss Butler was found 
hanging from a cupboard at 
herfrat at Priory Road, West 
Hampstead, on . May 21. A 
verdict that she killed herself 
was recorded.' 

. ■ 

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Srtt:- .• 

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* 1 5 r . 




Science report 

Smoking and drink clue to cataract 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

Cataract is one of foe most 
common causes of blindness 
and foe commonest reason for 
ophthalmic sargery. Resear- 
chers at Edinburgh University 
have found that it appears to 
be linked with several prevent- 
able causes, such as smoking 
and heavy drinking. 

A pilot study whkb began in 
1978 set out to consider many 
possible risk factors. Abont 
1,500 people; including cata- 
ract patients, were examined 
for evidence of factors and 

conditions apparently associ- 
ated with increased risk. - 

Abont 177 items of informa- 
tion were recorded for each 
individual, including occnjp- 

tion, medical history, and use 
of medical drugs, alcohol and 

The study identified some 
medical and other conditions, 
various medical drugs and 
other factors that seem to 
increase foe likelihood of de- 
veloping cataract 

The “high risk" factors 
included excessive alcohol use 
and total abstinence from alco- 
hol. Among the “moderate 
risk" factors were smoking, 
cardiac disease, certain eye 

medications, and some medi- 

cations for nan-ophthalmic 

“Protective*’ associated fac- 
tors included caldmb and 

cholesterol, and occasional 
moderate alcohol intake. The 
study shows that cataract has 
multiple causes, takes time 
develop, and that the number 
of risk factors increases with 

The researchers say flat, 
once causes have been estab- 
lished, it will be possible to 
provide education on dire, 
'alcohol and tobacco for foe 

For the medical profession, 

there will be information on 

treatment carrying a risk of 
effects on the eyesight, and on 
the relative hazards or safety 
of medications used on condi- 
tions unrelated to the eye. 

A subsequent study, led by 
Mrs Ruth Cfayton, of the 
weraity’s genetics depart- 
ment, involve collabora- 
tion with foe departments of 
ophthalmology, statistics, and 
clinical medicine. It will pwm . 

jne abort 4300 people, indnd- 
mg patients and controls. 

The eyes of people suffering 
from some of the conditions 
shown to be significant will be 
examined, grouping flipm by 
tr eatm en t received. 

That will enable foe grasp 
of researchers to test its 
prediction that in the long 

tom one type of treatment £9 

safer for foe eyesight than 

M25 victory 

Edmund Nuttall Ltd; foe 
contractors building the last 
section of the M2 5, yesterday 
gave a High Court undertak- 
ing not to use vibrating equip- 
ment whicb is alleged lo bave 
badly damaged a 500-year 
listedmill. ■ 

Mr Joe Carter, owner of 
Moor Mill . Farm , Bracket 
Wood, Hertfordshire, won an 
injunction - on Wednesday 
banning the use of foe equip- 
ment within 400 yards of us. 
Grade 2 listed home. . 

Potholer, 70, 
is rescued 

A potholer aged 70 was 
brought to the - surface by 
stretcher yesterday after be 
and three colleagues were 
trapped in the Penwyfld caves 
in foe Upper Swansea Valley, 
south Wales. 

Mr Rodney Pearce* 
Devizes, Wiltshire, an 
enced caver, was s 
from, hypothermia after 
hours underground. ■ * ■’ 

Greece faces 
whisky case 

The Greek Government is 
to be brought before the 
European Court of Justice for 
refusing to. chop, restrictiops 
on Scotch whisky designed to 
protea ouzo, foe European 
Commission said-yesterday. 

The move comes after three 
years of effortsby the commis- 
sion to get foe Greeks to drop 
their proGt margin controls on 
whisky. ' : ■ ■ 

Airline halts 
staff exodus 

British Caledonian received 
1,260 .requests from staff to 
leave , when foe airline ; .an- 
notmeed m May that if wanted, 
to shed. 1,000 workers to save 
costs. : 

The' Gatwickrbaseti afrfiwr 
said yesterday font only: 734 
staff would, be .allowed /• 

leave, with another 266 30 w T 
going through natural wastage- 

tins child 


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Modern mathematics 
# blamed for decline 
in pupil performance 

plea on 
care for 
the dying 

’ no a ^ Lncy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

*-«SSd21?SS?2 =? 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 

S? t ^£S. lics if5 aa lh *y did in 

the 1960s, while their perfor- 
mance has declined a g^in^ 
nme industrialized count ries . 

. An unpublished survey 
shows that English and Welsh 
children actually did worse in 
arithmetic, geometry and alge- 
bra tests in 198 1 than they did 
»« * 964. and that Britain was 
the only country to deteriorate 
to all three areas of 

; The results cover the period 
m which modern mathematics 
“as introduced into schools. 
They remain unpublished five 
years after the research was 
completed under the auspices 
of the International Assoc- 
iation for the Evaluation of 
Educational Achievement 
The findings for England 
and Wales were compiled by 
the National Foundation for 
Educational Research and 

Finland. France, the Nether- 
lands, Japan, Israel, Sweden. 
Belgium and the USA. did 
worse in arithmetic in 1981 
compared to 1964. 

English and Welsh pupils 
did better in a few exercises, 
while sixth formers performed 
better than in other countries. 
But pupils generally did worse 
than elsewhere. In algebra, in 
which they were third from 
the top in the 1960s. they 
came second from bottom. 

A spokesman for the De- 
partment of Education and 
Science said that the survey 
had not been published be- 
cause one of the researchers 
had left in the middle of 
writing it up. “We commis- 
sioned the study some years 
ago and it was originally 
expected to take two years,” 
he said. 

“When the research was 
first submitted to us we raised 

matical attainment of English I Family doctors and hospital 

and German pupils at the medical staffs need better 
National Institute of Econom- training in the care of the 

ie and Soria! Research, attrib- dying to amid the “bitter 
uted the failure of English and critic ism and resentment felt 

Welsh children to the teaching 
of modem mathematics to all, 
regardless of ability. 

He said it was important to 
tailor material to the child. 
The German education sys- 

6y many relatives, according 
to a nursing home medical 

Too often the visits of 
general practitioners have 
been “grudging, brief, and 

tern had the equivalent of inadequate,'" Dr ErikWilkes 
secon dar y modem schools tor said in this month’s .issue of 

the less academic and the the Journal of The Royal 
pupils did well as a result of College of Physicians of 

being taught mathematics at 
an appropriate level. 

in Japan, where there are 
comprehensive schools, 
moves towards teaching mod- 
ern mathematics had been 
abandoned. Japanese pupils 
performed better than in any 
other country. 


He said hospitals had been 
criticized for their “uncaring 
approach” to the terminally 01 
and their families, with doc- 
tors and ward sisters being 
evasive about patients' condi- 

“There was also disquiet. 

“We don’t know where we . not at elderly relatives dying 
are going in this country, but becoming, near the end. 

x^iuirautjna. K« Mn -h Modem maths is taught in a 

,-*2?“? a f ld sorne queries, and we have confusing way. and the curric- 
' s / nce been querying some of ulum is vague. We need to 
555? ilfVhSr f e “sumptions and asking have one which is closely 

* 0 pL2|?£ STS?* 00 ? ■ for die* to be considered” defined and related to the 
EneSinH in Lt , Professor Sig Prais, who has capability of the pupils," Pro- 

England and Wales, Scotland, done research into the mathe- fessor Prais said. 

tron in their performance! 

Pupils in all the countries, 
England and Wales, Scotland, 

defined and related to the 
capability of the pupils," Pro- 
fessor Prais said. 1 

Adult college will fight on 

By Our Education Correspondent 

Birkbeck College. London, 
said yesterday that it was still 

“The UGCs decision places 
the long-term future of the 

^fighting for its life after the college in grave danger.” 

- University Grants Committee The UGC has awarded the 

announced an increase in its college an extra £600,000 in 
funding of less than the the next academic year, bring- 

amount which the college ing its income up to £6. 1 6 mil- 
rcqmrod- , . . lion, by rejigging the funding 

- College authorities were formulae tor Birkbeek’s part- 
panicularly incensed by the timers. 

' final paragraph in the UGCs 
letter, which raised the spectre 

The college claims that by 
1990 this would mean it 

on the fact that undergraduate 
courses at Birkbeck take four 
years instead ofthe usual three 
and taught postgraduate 
courses take two yean instead 
of one. 

Birkbeck said yesterday that 
the additional £600.000 was 
“merely a palliative” consti- 
tuting little more than a | 

confused or drowsy strangers 
as a result of what the relatives 
saw as pointless or degrading 
over-treatment,” said Dr 
Wilkes, of St Lake’s nursing 
home in Sheffield. 

Patients such as those with 
advanced cancer needed to feel 
actively concerned in their 
management, rather than 
helpless prisoners, but almost 
a third of dying patients had 
“little idea of their real 

A third of doctors were 
unwilling to entrust to capable 
and experienced nursing col- 
leagues honest discussions 
with the patients. 

A survey of recently be- 
reaved relatives showed that a 
quarter of them praised the 

iuumk kiiiKW i»wiv uiuu mi - . , .. • 

temporary reprieve. The UGC care given by their GP. 

of a merger between Birkbeck would lose £ 1 . 1 6 million from 
and another college of London a current budget of £7:27 
University. Birkbeck is the million. Until now the college 

only university college in the has been funded at the rate of 
country to devote itself to 0.8 of a full-time undeigradu- 

teaching working adults part- ate. In May the UGC had said 

time in the evenings. 
Professor George Overend, 

part-timers should be funded 
at one-balf of a full-time 

master of the college, said: undergraduate, and in 
“The UGC has. disregarded yesterday’s letter it revised 

. the facts and arguments which 
we put forward in support of 
our claim to be adequately 
funded as the leading provider 
of evening education for un- 
dergraduate and postgraduate 

this up to 0.75 of a full-timer. 

But it said it would retain its 
May figure for the funding of 
postgraduates on taught 

had taken no account of the 
fact that students paid their 
own fees and maintenance 

In the final paragraph ofthe 
UGC letter. Sir Peter Swinner- 
ton-Dyer, chairman, suggest- 
ed that Birkbeck had been too 
lavishly funded compared 
with other institutions. “Other 
universities find it cost-effec- 
tive to share resources be- 
tween part-time and full-time 
students; and we see no reason 
why London should not go 

courses — one half the level of substantially further in this 

a full-time postgraduate. 
These calculations are based 

direction than it has so far 

“But the relatives found 
fault — sometimes with bitter 
criticism and great resent- 
ment — with both GP and 
hospital too often for oar 
comfort." The GP in 16 per 
cent of cases did not seem 
interested or did not visit, 
except on demand. Hospitals 
were criticized in a quarter of 

Hospices for the dying were 
not the answer, he said, be- 
cause they looked after only 
5 per cent to 10 per cent of 
deaths. Large-scale training 
was required and in some 
areas was well under way. 



the king 



wins child rides again 

V A “violent” mother of Four 

- whose oldest child is in care 
.‘and whose second and third 

• *. children were adopted without 
. 2 her looking after theta, has 
3-- been given care of her baby 

son. . 

Two Court of Appeal judges 
ruled yesterday that the wom- 
2 • an. aged 30, should have a last 
• ! chance to bring up one of her 
"" children. 

The woman’s first child, a 
boy now aged 1 4, was fathered 
by her own stepfather when 
she was aged 16. 

He was a very disturbed 
" child, Mr Justice Glidewell , 
said yesterday, and had never | 
; been given any love or affec- i 

• 1 tion by his mother. . 1 

The mother’s next two chil - 1 
: ' dren were born of a “temp- 
’■* estuous” relationship and j 
were adopted virtually as soon 
L - as they were born. 

The fourth child, the baby at 

- issue in yesterday’s case, is the 
* son of a man with whom the 

; - mother has lived for 21 

• months. - 

The boy was put into care 
when he was born because the 
parents did not then have 

suitable accommodation. But 
they have since been given 

By Norman Hammond 
Archaeology Correspondent 

A sculpture found seven 
years ago in excavations at 
Repton, Derbyshire, has been 
identified as “the oldest 
known large-scale represents- 
tion of an English king,” 
according to the latest issue of 
Anglo-Saxon England. 

■ The king is Aethelbald of 

Mercia, who ruled what are Jig 

now the Midlands in die 

middle of the eighth century, 

and was buried at Repton in 

AD 757. 

The identification is ad- 
vanced by Mr Martin Biddle 

and Mrs Birthe Kj6Jbye-Bid- ^ 

die, who found the sculpture in 

1979 in a pit outside the east The figure identrfied as 
end of St Wystan’s Church, that of King Aethelbald 
The crypt below the prespat 

chancel was once the royal booster with a humanoid 

L *-V • 

monster with a humanoid bead 

maasoleem of the Mercian ^ a body is shown 

kings and then the shrine ot ^ month engulfing the 
the martyred Wystan, who ^ea^ q[ two human figures. 

was buried there in AD 849. 

The stone was part of the 
shaft of a tali cross: part of foe 
projection on the top, to which 
foe cross-fimal .was fastened. 

who stand on the coils of the 
body with their arms around 
each other's waists. 

The authors argue for an 
eighth century date for foe 

The front tree bears foe monument and say that it 
figure of a mounted warrior, “reflects all those elements, 
iigiuy w - .... * late anlinw %rt and ideas. 

the development of the eques- 
trian ruler statue from late 
antiquity to the early Middle 
Ages,” a sequence that begins 
with foe famous statue of 
Marcus Aurelias, still stand- 
ing on the Capitol in Rome. 

'••'council housing and now want 
- * the babv with them. 

- foe baby with them. 

The judge said foal me 
H - mother was of low intelligence 
and her present man friend 

- admitted foal she could be 
violent But foe judge said foal 

■.<. she was a mother and should 

• have a last chance to have one 

: of her children. 

- He awarded her care and 
control of her son with an 
Older that he remain under foe 
supervision of Barnsley Coun- 
cil. which had opposed her 

• P A teenage mother who faced 
: . separation from her new-born 

&Te Home 

waring a mail shirt over a late antique art and ideas. If foe figure is a ruler, and of 
nleated kilt, and brandishing a Germanic aristocratic sooety, the eighth century, then 
lame sword and a small round Celtic style and ecclesiastical Aethelbald, who reigned for 41 
Sid or target. He has a influences that would be years and was powerful 
hnenriant moustache, and is present mMerraa at that tune, enough to be described as rex 
turned to face the viewer. They CTggest that foe sculp- Briumniae, “king of Britain” 

On foe one preserved side, a tore holds “a natural place is foe most likely subject. 

Library exposes Jacobite secrets 

Bv Geraldine Nonnan sale by Sir Charles Graham, of The National Library of 

By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 

« j i WMUIII “ UMU l/J W 

Richard Graham, Lora scent from the viscount. 
F ^ sl ? tu J^ C and Graham was raised to the 

Neiberby Hall, Cumbria, to Wales was also a successful 
whom it had passed by (te- bidder at Sotheby's sale. 

who turned “supergrass” and 
named all his accomplices, is 
about to be exposed. 

That is, he is about to be 
exposed to readers « foe 
British Library, which ac- 

m foe viscount. spending £66.000 (estimate 
„ ___ t . „ £50,000 to £60,000) on an 

hv^Jw^rr 0 ^- unrecorded proof of the map 

tssisShs Chns - 

TOUrt “fi? wB"«5, also 

V. H ran keep the child S3 hi^rchive for £88,000 
that she can keep foe ciu ye^y. The 

Herd’s change Of mind firm had been i hoping for 
Mr Hurd s cnange nnn in £120.000. 

J VESSEL'"** spent £4JS20and £3,300 (csti- 
Jacobite conspiracies. ^ £4 ,000 to £5,000 each) 

In January 1691 he was on two estate maps, the firsts 
caught carrying treasonable manuscript maps by Saxton to 

: canw on the eve qfa HjSj* 

£100,000 to £120,000. 

The archive was sent for 

papers, hiding under the enter the national collection, 
hatches of a fishing boat The two-day sale of literature 

bound for France. 

and history totalled £876.150. 

Boy, 12, 
guilty of 


. . - B? 

i • \ . . >■ >-r 

A boy aged 1 2 and his friend 
were found guilty at Newcastle 
Crown Court yesterday of a 
“penny for the Guy” murder 
of a crippled widow. 

Billy Waugh, of Sherbum 
Grove, HougbtoD-le-Spring. 
Tyne and Wear, who was aged 
1 1 at foe time of the killing, 
wept as Mr Justice Owen 
sentenced him to be detained 
“during her Majesty’s 

The jury returned a unani- 
mous verdict of guilty on 
Ashley King, aged 22. de- 
scribed as of below average 
intelligence. King was sen- 
tenced to life imprisonment. 

Both denied murdering Mrs 
Peggy Greenwood, aged 58, at ■ 
her home in Abbey Drive, 
Houghton, last November. 
The jury found them not 
guilty of a jpint charge of 
robbing Mrs Greenwood of 
£ 270 . 

They tricked their way into 
her house by posing as Guy 
Fawkes collectors, the court 

During foe 1 1-day trial foe 
jury heard that King, also of 
-Sherburn Grove, allegedly 
told detectives that he struck 
Mrs Greenwood about foe 
head with a hammer while foe 
• boy knifed her in foe neck. 

After foe sentences foe 
j'udge agreed that it was in foe 
public interest that the boy 
should be named. 

.?V t ' ‘ 

Horse’s head 
for councillor 


IrfcS,'*;.'..'.- .‘v 

. •• • ;‘i . »• 

r i -ViW k 
A % 

■ . - 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher taking control of a mobile crane to lift a half-ton block of red 
granite into position yesterday at the launch of Broad gale, a £1.5 billion office development I 
near Liverpool Street station, the City's biggest braiding project since the Great Fire. , 

Police shooting 

Cleared officer back on beat 

In an incident reminiscent 
of a scene in foe film. The 
Godfather ; about foe Mafia, 
the severed head of a horse 
was thrown through the front 
door of a Conservative 

The incident occurred on 
Thursday at the home of Mr 
Ken Barnes, a member of foe - 
minority Conservative group 
on Newcastle City Council, in 
Jedburgh Cose. Newcastle. 
Police are investigating. 

By Craig Seton 

The police marksman who 
shot dead John Sbonhouse. 
aged five, is likely io escape 
any disciplinary charges and 
will return to duty as a 
community beat policeman 
on Tuesday, less than two 
weeks after he was cleared of 
foe boy’s manslaughter. 

Force morale 
‘still high’ 

Morale in the Greater Man- 
chester police force is still 
high in spite of the Stalker 
affair, Mr James Anderton. 
the Chief Constable, said 

Mr Geoffrey Dear.' Chief 

Constable of West Midlands, 
said yesterday that there had 
been a “huge volume” of 
support for Police Constable 
Brian Chester, aged 35, from 
the tough council housing 
estate in WillenhalL Coventry, 
where he will return to foe 

Local schools which foe 
officer regularly visited before 
the shooting last August had 
been planning a “banners and 
bunting" welcome for PC 

But foe chief constable ad- 
mitted that West Midlands 
police had an “unfortunate 
bad luck record" of incidents 
involving firearms. 

He announced that he in- 
tended to take the bold step of 
setting up a specialist firearms 
squad on permanent stand-by 
for armed duties. 

The elite squad would re- 
place “part-time” marksmen 
such as PC Chester who 
carried out normal policing 
duties but were also on call tor 

His comments came after a 
meeting with 30 senior officers 
in Manchester in which foe 
position of Mr John Stalker, 
the depnty chief constable, 
was discussed “in so for as it 
was proper to do so”. 

Sources close to the force 
have suggested that morale is 
low because of foe Stalker 

However, Mr Anderton said 
that be was “heartened to 
receive confirmation of my 
views that morale in the force 
remained at a high level". 

Mr Stalker, aged 47, has 
been suspended on fall pay for 
alleged associations with 
“known criminals”, charges 
that he strenuously denies. 

firearms operations. 

He said PC Chester bad 
ceased to be a member of foe 
“top squad” of foe West 
Midlands tactical firearms 
unit at the time of his suspen- 
sion on full pay last year and 
added: “I am sure he wil not 

want to return to fop firearms 

Mr Dear said in his first 
public comment on the Ches- 
ter case: “It is probable that 
there will be no disciplinary 
proceedings against PC Ches- 
ter. A jury ar Stafford Crown 
Court decided unanimously 
that, although his gun went 
off. there was no degree of 

Mr Dear said it had still not 
been decided whether disci- 
plinary proceedings would be 
taken against other officers 
involved in foe armed police 
raid on foe Birmingham mai- 
sonette of John Shorfoouse’s 
parents, during which foe boy 
was shot through the heart. 

Mr Dear sai± “Patently we 
cannot sit tack and rest on our 
laurels when we have had an 
incident like a five-year-old 
boy being killed and say there 
is nothing more to be done. 

“No one should think we 
are dealing with it flippantly 
and saying that because PC 
Chester was acquitted we 
should ignore it, 

“But you have to recognize 
that guns are by definition 
highly dangerous and, no mat- 
ter how much you invest in 
training, deployment and se- 
lection, there is still foe chance 
that something will go 

Killing may be 
by strangler 

Detectives fear that a stran- 
gler who preys on old people 
as they sleep may have moved 
from south to north London. 

They are looking into the 
death of William Carman, 
aged 82, who was found 
strangled in bed at his council 
flat in Clephane Road. Isling- 
ton, north London, on 

Scotland Yard said that 
there were similarities to four 
deaths in Stockwell, south 
London, last month. 

Wages clerk 
stole £31,000 

Carol Penhallurick, agqd 38, 
a £70-a^week wages clerk, 
invented more than 900 em- 
ployees as a way of paying 
herself 10 times foal amount. 
Plymouth Crown Court was 
told yesterday. 

Penhallurick, of Crossways, 
Plympion, Devon, had stolen 
£31,891 in 20 months. She 
admitted three specimen 
charges of using false cheques 
and was jailed for 18 months, 
nine months of it suspended. 

Court awards 

for couple 

Times chess 
for Plymouth 

Tax specialist Abortion clinic 
ran up debts ‘used mincer to 

Plymouth College has won ! 
this year’s British Schools j 
Chess Championship spon- 1 
sored by The Times (Ouri 
Chess Correspondent writes). ! 

The Plymouth team defeat - 1 
ed Colchester Royal Gram-, 
mar School by four points to i 
two in yesterday’s final at foe 1 
Great Eastern Hotel, Liver-; 
pool Street, London. 

Bluecoat School, Liverpool I 
won third place in foe event by , 
defeating Methodist College 
‘A’, Belfast, in foe play-off by 

The prize for the best- • 
played game in the final 
donated by B.T.Batsford, was 
won by Timothy Kendall, for 
his game against Michael i 

Individual results: 

Royal Grammar School. Colchester 
(White on Boards 1. S. S» Plymouth 
Cod roe (While on Boards 2. a. 6c 
l. S/DSHt*!. ». C.BIHL & 2, i 

MJ^ooens. O. T. Kendall. 1: 3. 

R Fulford. O: P.LOne. 2: 4. It. Singh. , 
l. M.Taverrter. O: 6. M B. Branson, a ; 
A.Starkie. 1-. 6. S.Beales. O. 

P -Sommer, i. 

of £550,000 

A taxation consnltant who 
gambled and entertained lav- 
ishly was declared bankrupt 
after admitting that he had 
neglected his own tax affairs, 
the London Bankruptcy Court 
was told yesterday. 

Adrian David Stark, aged 
55, of Notting Hill, west 
London, was said to have 
suffered “gargantuan losses.” 

From holding £600,000 In 
shares in the 1970s, he 
plunged £528,773 into debt 
when he was made bankrupt in 
1984. He now owes £256.000. 

Mr D E Dolman, the Offi- 
cial Receiver, said that Mr 
Stark, a bachelor, was hope* 
lessly insolvent by 1974. 

Mr Stark, who was applying 
for discharge from bankruptcy 
in order to re-apply for ro em- 
bership of the Institute of 
Chartered Accountants, now 
earns £21,000 a year 

He was granted a discharge 
oo condition that he paid bock 
£20,000 by instalments. 

destroy limbs 9 

tins, aged 19. wno » - 
Holloway prison, serving a 

S“^-half-ycar sendee 


« iii» 


f decision was welcomed 

by the Nauo«ri Counn) fo 
Civil Liberties y«^daj r as 

Boy George Veil advised’ not to face interview 

By Robin Young Miss Goodsir said, that in turns under medical supervi- 

^ _*»**»> fe her experience police frequent- gfon are valid as evidence only 

weep- ly “5™?* P* 0 ?*® under- if a doctor is willing to agree 
benefiting g medreai treatment and that foe patient is fit to testify. 

Anally goodadvKe m arog sn ff e ring withdrawal Mr RicErd Branson, foe 

treat- symptoms. lead of Virgin Records, Boy 

whjl . e flZraicdon, “They often just barge right George’s recording company, 

.. Ms-® jane in. When patients are in a who arranged for foe singer to 
according to nfurfease. national health hospital there be placed under the private 
Goodsff, atteow j. is often a dose degree of co- medical supervision of Dr Meg 
the nartonaJ flrags ws** operation betwen the admiras- Patterson, said that foe police 

Sing fo^nd ofthe Ho^ 

nffice’s “outrageous pohey 

■r .dS’ 1 *' 
; ^ ™ - 

- the 

council. ^e begar C^P^ 
: ceedings challenging t 

neat for heroin addicoon, 
according to Miss Jane 
Goodsir, director of Rftease, 
foe national drags and tegm 

^“f^rf^'ndvectenlflvde- fr**® 15 “d foe police, and 

police doctors are often very 

ceeani^ to * “j’ tn *he police doctors are often very 

me baby fendedits deco .00 W* t0Dg h in insisting that people 

i &&&** ‘ 
»■#** - 


allow tier mkeepme^ KftSZ 

with her fo e “e** 1 bef0T t.V , -?S?? c ^ statements even when to as ft 

with her and Uieoruc.,-- e — , before fotemewm? ,ium ; 

- * Lhv. n iS lin ^t! 0 Svl e consideration. It 1 

placrf consideration^ I. 

'■ • friends or foster .. doSuot s«m appropriate to 

V Yesterday, after M r Hurd s ***ȣ hira rfrile he j 

change of heai^ shet^d undergoing fian-ti®e medical 

foe dismissal of herewe t^tment.” 

Z Justice Simon Brown. 

is evident that they are with- 
drawing heavily and under a 
considerable degree of pres- 

Statements taken from pa- 

Mr Richard Branson, the 
head of Virgin Records, Boy 
George’s recording company, 
who arranged for the singer to 
be placed under the private 
medical supervision of Dr Meg 
Patterson, said that foe police 
had agreed not to interview 
Boy George because they real- 
ized that no statement he made 
could be used in court. 

The derision to postpone the 
interview has been described 
as “scandalous” by Mr Peter 
Bruinvels, Conservative MP 
for Leicester East who said: 
“It dees not matter how ill Boy 

A - 

George is. 

“He most be interviewed 
forthwith to speed np foe other 
cases and inquiries 

Four people, including Boy 
George's brother, Kevin, have 
been remanded in custody 
charged with conspiring to 
supply foe pop singer with 

Mr Geoffrey Dickens, Con- 
servative MP for Little- 
borough and Sadffleworth, has 
declared his intention of rais- 
ing foe matter with foe Home 

“I am very unhappy because 
I believe that foe average 
person would have been rater- 
viewed immediately” be said- 
“A month may give Boy 

George time to recover, but it . 

may also ghe him time to be a report from a meeting at 

adrised what he is going to which a Cambridge consultant 
gg.. - said it was unethical to get 

Miss Goodsir said that if permission from foe parents 

By Amanda Haigh 
Parliamentary Staff 

Allegations by a Conserva- 
tive backbench MP that a 
London clinic specialized in 
such late abortions that it bad 
to use a mincing machine to 
destroy limbs are to be investi- 
gated by Mr Barney Hayhoe, 
Minister for Health. 

Mr David Amess, MP for 
Basildon, told the Commons 
that his information came 
from an eminent doctor who 
had visited foe clinic, which 
dealt primarily with people 
I from overseas. He said that 
one baby had been boro alive. 

In an adjournment debate 
on experiments on premature 
I babies, Mr Amess said that 
people had been appalled at a 
report last month from the 
Institute of Medical Ethics 
(1ME). which claimed that 
about 2,000 sick or premature 
babies were being used in 
medical experiments without 
parental consent. 

“I understand that at foe 
Cambridge Neo-Natal Inten- 
sive Care Unit it is not foe 
practice to get consent from 
parents for all experiments.” 
"The IME bulletin includes 

A couple who noticed three 
men acting suspiciously on an 
industrial estate inEdmonton, 
north London, were awarded 
£50 each in foe Central Crimi- 
nal Court yesterday after a 
man was jailedfor 17 years for 
attempted armed robbery. 

Brian Turner, aged 39, of 
Bonhomie Estate, Rother- 
hithe, south-east London, who 

was carrying a loaded Argen- 
tine pistol from the Falklands 
war, admitted conspiracy to 
rob security guards of £10,000 

Plea on deadly 
litter peril 

People who leave “lethal” 
Utter, such as beer pack plastic 
rings or supermarket trolleys, 
in foe countryside were criti- 
cized yesterday by the 

It reported a recent case in 
which rescuers had to extri- 
cate a horse trapped in an 
abandoned supermarket trol- 
ley, and said that there had 
been a total of216 cases in the 
past 10 years of small animals 
trapped in beer pack rings. 

Best divorce 

George Best, aged 40. the 
former football player, and his 
wife Angie, aged 33. a model 
are to end their six-year 
marriage. The undefended ac- 
tion is to be heard in the 
London Divorce Court. 

Youth killed 

she were advising Boy George, 
she would tell him he had the 
right to say nothing. “It seems 
that police found nothing in 
foe search of his home, and I 
should think they realise that, 
given the laws of evidence, 
foe)' are on something of a wild 
goose chase, 

“Certainly they are han- 
dling this case under foe glare 
of publicity and that will have 
played its partln making them 
back off and tread more 
carefully than they usually 

and they should be told as 
soon as possible afterwards." 

Mr Hayhoe said that al- 
though officials had no direct 
evidence he would urgently 
inquire into the allegations. 
Consideration was being given 
to the need for guidance from 
the Department of Health and 
Social Security. 

In the light of foe recent 
report on research on chil- 
dren. the need to include up- 
to-date advice otuhe position 
of minors in research also 
greatly concerned him. . 

Francis Fellows, aged 1 5, of 
Thomas Road, Poplar, east 
London, was killed when he 
struck a live conductor in an 
unmanned electricity board 
substation, $t Pancras 
Coroner's Court was told yes- 
terday before returning a ver- 
dict of misadventure. 

MP in crash 

Sir Peter Emery. Conserva- 
tive MP for Honiion, broke 
his nose yesterday when his 
car was in collision with a car 
on the A375 at Giuisham 
Common, near Honiton 


* ** * * 

US agrees on civilian 
workers to replace 
Spain air base troops 

From Richard Wigg 

* The United Slates has 
agreed to substitute a civilian 
labour force for about 10 per 
cent of its service personnel at 
the Torrejon airbase 15 miles 
east of the Spanish capital 

The Americans made this 
gesture at the end of the first 
round of negotiations on troop 
reductions sought by Spain’s 
Socialist Government which 
went on here until late Thurs- 
day night. 

About 450 civilians wul be 
employed, most of them ex- 
pected to be Spaniards. 

The two sides agreed after 
the first round of talks to 
return to the negotiating table 
in Washington in early 

The American delegation, 
headed by Mr Thomas Co- 
ders, the United States Am- 
bassador soon to leave 
'Madrid, is anxious to avoid 
creating any precedent in the 
negotiations over its four 
main bases on Spanish soil 

|.©Air @N««ih 

rr ( 

r i spain 

they will be both lengthy and 

The Spanish Government 
has talked of securing a big run 
down of US forces at Torrejon 
and at the Saragossa air base 
where there are important 
training facilities used not 
only by the Americans but 
also by other Nato allies. 

Torrejon, because of its 
proximity to Madrid, has 
always been a chief target for 
left-wing protest marches 
against US bases in Spain. 

The US has 80 FI 6 tactical 
operation fighters stationed at 
Torrejon which, with its long 
runway, also offers important 

main bases on Spanish soil staging facilities for big trans- 
which might affect similar - po rt aircraft in the event of a 
American installations in crisis in the eastern 
Greece or Turkey. Mediterranean. 

The small gesture over After two rounds of ex- 
Torreion contrasted with the tremely cautious preliminary 
^nninnc" fore- talks. Washington agreed last 

“important reductions” fore- 
seen by Senor Francisco Fer- 
nandez Ordonez, the Spanish 
Foreign Minister, as the nego- 
tiations began. He forecasts 

crisis in the eastern 

After two rounds of ex- 
tremely cautious preliminary 
talks, Washington agreed last 
December to negotiations on 
what it insisted on calling an 
"adjustment” in troop 
strengths and installations to 

help Sefior Felipe Gonzalez, 
the Prime Minister, win the 
referendum last March on 
Spain's continued member- ! 
ship of Nato. 

Essentially as a “carrot” to ; 
help obtain a “yes” verdict, 
the Madrid Government in 
the referendum question pro- 
mised to secure a “progressive 
reduction” of the US military 
presence, and 52 per cent of 
the voters endorsed that. 

Sefior Gonzalez has told the 
Americans a reduction is fea- 
sible because of the modern- 
ization of Spain's armed 
forces, permitting them to 
substitute for the Americans, 
a nd because advances in de- , 
fence technology no longer 
justify the present level of 1 
more than 14,000 American , 
servicemen and dependants! 
on Spanish soiL 

This was only the initial 
round of a negotiating process 
which can go on until 1988. 
when the present bilateral 
defence agreement expires. 

The two other main US 
bases in Spain are the com- 
bined naval and air base at 
Rota, near Cadiz, which the 
Spanish also consider crucial 
for their own strategic defence 
interests, and the Moron air 
base near Seville. The Foreign 
Minister on Thursday also 
spoke of achieving some re- 
ductions at these bases as well. 

Nairobi holds two Najibullah 
in sedition inquiry 

Toll rises 
in Indian 


From KaMip Nayar 


Polke yesterday again 
opened fire to disperse waning 
Hindus and MnsUms ia Ab- 
medabad.' Authorities said 24 
rounds were feed, injuring 
eight people. 

Since dashes between fee. 
two communities began . on 
Wednesday; 20 people have 
died either in fee clashes or 
from police ballets. Nearly 
200 have been arrested. 

The trouble started when a 
Hindu procession polling a 
chariot of Lord' Jacanath 

neighbourhood. The Muslims 

reportedly stoned fee proces- 
sion. Police, more than fee 
Hindus, retaliated by killing 
nine Muslims. Later Muslims 
attacked Hindus and police 

Meanwhile, nearly 30 Sikh 
militants have been killed in 
Punjab in tire past week. The 

state government said militant 
hide-outs had been found and 
their supply line cut. 

Reports that they are de- 
moralized are confirmed by 
dissident Akalis, who have 
appealed to Delhi for talks to 
restore peace in Punjab. 

Hie transfer of Chandigarh 
to Punjab, scheduled for next 
Wednesday, may again be 
deferred. The Chief Minister, 
Mr Smjit Singh Barnaia, who 
bad boycotted fee Desai com- 
mission set np to identify 
70,000 acres in. Punjab for 
transfer to Haryana in lieu of 
Chandigarh, has indicated 
tha t he w01 co-operate wife a 
new commission. 






From Alan Tomlinson 
Managua .. . 

Opposition parties in Nica- 
ragua have called on the Gov- 
ernment ta totem in its drive 
against opponents and to open 
the way instead to greater pol- 

From Charles Harrison, Nairobi 
The Kenya Government has airi are expected to be charged 
announced fee detention of a wife sedition as investigations 
forma university history lee- continue into the Mwakenya 
hirer, Mr David Mnkarn Ng- organization, which is said to 
flngn 1 and a former law stn- have advocated fee overthrow 
dent, Mr Gacheche Maim, of the Western-oriented Gov- 
who were arrested during in- eminent and its replacement 
vestigations Into an under- by a Socialist or Conmmst 
ground movement known as regime. 

Mwakenya. Last weekend three Ken- 

Two Kenyans were jailed far yans were jailed for seMaging 
five years on Thursday after the main railway line, and for 
pleading guilty to charges of membership of Mwakenya. 
sedition arising from the pas- Another attempt was made to 
session of doenmeuts relating derail a train, but it failed. It is 
to Mwakenya. A total of 35 not known if the second at- 

corruption Royal Navy visits Shanghai 

lelamahflri fRenterl — Dr V w 

Kenyans, mostly former uni- tempt was the work of Mwa- 
^ versify students, have been kenya supporters. 

jailed on sedition charges hi 
fee past few mouths. Two 
others were detained without 
trial in March. 

An unknown nmnber of 

Evidence has been given in 
fee courts that Mwakenya 
supporters, who took oaths 
and organized themselves hi 
communist-type cells, tried to 

people are still under arrest distribute seditious leaflets. 


Islamabad (Reuter) — Dr 
Najibullah, the Afghan leader, 
has sharply criticized the rul- 
ing Communist Party and the 
Army's' performance in its 
seven-year war against anli- 
Government guerrillas. 

He accused mem bers of the 
People's Democratic Party of 
Afghanistan of nepotism and 

He asked a meeting of the 
party's Central Committee 
yesterday: “Why is our move- 
ment so slow? Why cannot the 
armed forces, which are quali- 
tatively superior, suppress the 

He said lack of discipline 
and activity in fee party was 
costing fee country dearly and 
rivalries within fee party 
amounted to acts of treason. 

From A Correspondent, Shanghai 

Thousands of Chinese gath- 
ered under leaden skies feat 
threatened rain yesterday as 
two warships of fee Britisb 
Royal Navy steamed up the 
Huangpu River to dock at the 
Chinese Navy’s Yangtze pier. 

The visit of HMS Manches- 
ter, a guided missile destroyer 
wife 300 sailors commanded 
by Captain Richard Hastilow, 
and fee frigate HMS Amazon, 
wife 200 sailors on board arid 
captained by Commander 
John Ellis, marks the first 
British naval port visit to 
Shanghai since 1980. 

The ships are on an around- 
fee-world goodwill tour dub- 
bed “Global 86” feat began in 
April and is scheduled to 

finish in November. The trip 
is designed to promote British 
naval presence around the 
world in a friendly way. 

Tlx: Manchester docked in 
Shanghai at 12:40 pm under 
her own power while fee 
Amazon used a tug to dock. 
Police boats had halted some 
50 barges and a dozen ships on 
fee river so feat the British 
vessels could tie up. 

The visit marks fee' first 
lime that Nato-member naval 
vessels capable of carrying 
nuclear weapons have come to 
China since a planned US 
warship visit to Shanghai was 
suspended in April 1985. 

At feat time Mr Hu 
Yaobang, fee Chinese Com- 

munist Party General Secre- 
tary, said that he had been 
assured by US officials that 
their vessels would not be 
carrying nuclear weapons. 

The policy of both fee US 
and British naries is neither to 
confirm nor deny fee presence 
of nuclear weapons on board 
their vessels. 

A US official in Shanghai 
said this week that Britain's 
China port call if successful 
could pave fee way for a US 
visit “in fee near future”. The 
official declined to elaborate 
on his remarks, but said that 
negotiations between the US 
and China concerning the visit 
have never been, formally 

Policing London 

Hurd defends issue of Minister 
new police equipment 

^ Opposition spokesman on escape its responsibilities for f 1VIUI J 

Tamil moderates set 
to see Jayewardene 

From Y#s Yapa, Colombo 

Opposition spokesman on 


■ i——— with public order, sometimes to 

It was absurd to argue that new the exclusion of other things, 
equipment supplied to the There was no justification for 
Metropolitan Police; such as violence and rioting but in 
protective personnel carriers, London these disturbances 
ballistics protective vehicles and accounted for less than one fifth 
long truncheons, had changed of one per cent 1 in 1985. 
the nature of the police, Mr Huge sums of public money 
Douglas Hard, the Home were being spent on the policing 

Secretary, said in opening a 
debate in the Commons on 
policing the Metropolis. 

This new equipment would be 

of the industrial dispute at News 
Interna lion at Wapping. 

More than 662,000 police 
man hours (be said} have been 

used only in excpelional -misapplied to that exercise. As 
circumstances, not day-to-day much as 7 per cent of the whole 
police work, and it would allow Metropolitan force has been 
■ officers to cope with serious stationed there on one given 
disorder and riots in safety. occasion and nearly £1 .SmiUion 

For instance, in one incident of public money has been spent 
long poles had been used against on buttressing Mr Rupert 
the police who had been unable Murdoch's refusal to negotiate 
• to respond. They would now be reasonably with those with 
able to do so with the king whom he is in dispute. >v 

In riots where firearms were 
"being used, the new vehicles 
' would allow officers to reach the 

- heart of the trouble. 

I make no apology for having 
authorized this new equipment 
(he said). It is not for the 
. everyday activities of the police 
but m order to make sure that > 
they are not exposed to 
unnecessary harassment, ^ . 
trouble and maybe loss of life in & 

- moments of extreme difficulty. 

In the prolonged dispute 
outside the News International 
plant at Wapping there had been 

controversy about police Demonstrations owed 

depkiymrat which be and Sir origin to Labour 

Kenneth Newman, the 

1 Metropolitan Police When criminals are amok in 

- Commissioner, had carefully London, m many cases almost 

' examined and analysed. uncontrollable throughout 

I wish there was no need for London and Britain, it is 
this deployment at Wapping (he unacceptable that the i QDg- 
said) which is a distraction from suffering police should be used 
the task of protecting Londoners against their will as a private 
from ordinary crime. But I do security service to enable Mr 
.'not think anyone could argue we Rupert Murdoch 10 pocket his 
could simply leave the situation profits, 
there un policed. Vast amounts of cafe and 

The oast year had been the equipment were involved. He 
most challenging in only wished that a fiaepon of 
. Metropolitan Police history and fee (^trerameni s aaemion 
never had its operations been would be devoted to fee 99.9 per 

escape its responsibilities for 
this matter. So many of these 
demonstrations that were 
organized in central London 
owed their origin to the Labour 
Party and its supporters. If they 
really did care about good 
policing in London and about 
the effective use of police 
resources, they really should 
exercise greater moderation on 
their supporters and the 
supporters' use of the public 

The same was true of 
Wapping. He did not quite 
underctand what Mr Kaufman 
intended. Did he intend the 
police should be withdrawn 
from fee streets of Wapping? 
Did he intend that fee mob 
should take over private 
property? Did he intend feat 
anarchy should prevail? He 
should make clear what his 
policies were. 

London had a very young 
police force. The police 
themselves must . readdress 
themselves to the issue of how 
they related to the community 
and young members of fee 
community in particular. 

Mr Simon Hughes (Southwark 
and Bermondsey. L) said not all 
the pickets at Wapping were 
thugs. Many came to 
demonstrate peacefully, yet they 
(old of police interference which 
escalated the situation so that it 
ended in horrendous violence. 

It was a self-induced response 
by the police, it was neither 
necessary nor compatible with 
the proper deployment of police 
elsewhere in London. 

Mr William Shelton 
(Streatham, C) said that without 

uncontrollable throughout a police presence at Wapping it 

London and Britain, it is 
unacceptable that the long- 
suffering police should be used 
against their will as a private 

was doubtful whether the News 
International building would be 
standing in its present form. 
Whether there would have been 


Despite fee Government's 
concerns over the new 1986 
EEC budget of £21.9 billion 
agreed in Strasbourg yesterday, 
fee budget had many positive 
features for fee UK, Mr Peter 
Brooke, Minister of State at the 
Treasury, told fee Commons in 
a statement. 

Finn, he said, the UK’s VAT 
rate, which would have been 
0.69 per cent on the budget 
council's November budget and 
0.73 per cent on the 
Parliament's December budget, 
had been reduced to under 0.68 
per cent 

Secondly (he said) we expect 
to receive a significant share of 
the extra provision for the 
structural foods — well in excess 
of our VAT share. 

Thirdly, because of these 
changes, he expected the UK’s 
net contribution to. the 1986 
budget to be substantially lower 
than was implied by the budget 
council’s or fee Parliament's 
budgets oflast autumn. 

Finally, the council bad 
succeeded in cutting back fee 
growth of commitment 
appropriations proposed by the 
Parliament. improving 
markedly the ratio between 
commitment and payment 

The new budget 'used up ail 
the available revenue within the 

ceiling of 1.4 per cent of VAT __ _ 

tL^mSSUTSS. Delay sought 

forward from 1985. in case of 

Throughout the week’s -m jrw£ ■minutirr 
discussions in the budget }V1 Izl JUeiUOlTS 
council (he said) the UK _ _ 

A six-member delegation 
from fee -moderate Tamil 
United Liberation Front will 
fly from Madras to Colombo 
tonight and is expected to 
meet President Jayewardene 
on Monday. 

This will be fee first time 
since December 1984 that a 
front delegation has had talks 
with the Sri Lanka Govern- 
ment in Colombo. The front 
has been based in Madras, 
south India, since August 
1983 when it forfeited its seats 
in Parliament after refusing to 
take an oath of allegiance to a 
unitary state ■ 

The front, though a recog- 
nized political party, is not 
expected to participate in the 
political parties conference on 
July 15. 

At this conference. Presi- 
dent Jayewardene will discuss 
wife many of fee recognized 
political parties the Govern- 
ment’s proposals for devolu- 
tion in his plan to end ethnic 

President Jayewardene has 
said that he wants to bring 
legislation to Parliament be- 
fore August 15 and feat only 
suggestions which will add to 
fee proposals will be con- 

The Indian Government, 
which is acting as “fee honest 
broker" has been told feat the 
proposals outlined will be 
implemented in full. 

The Tulf decision to come 
to Colombo was made by its 
politbureau after its leaders 
conferred with Indian officials 
in Delhi in early July. 

The delegation coming to 
Sri Lanka includes Mr M. 
Sivasifeamparam, the front’s 
president, and Mr A. Amirtha- 
lingam, the secretary-general 

Political observers fed the 
militant Tamil guerrilla 
groups based in Madras would 
have given an unofficial nod 
10 the delegation, though they 
have not been empowered to 
speak on their behalf 

Briton for 
death trial 

Rangoon (Renter) — A Brit- 
ish teacher, aged 36, has been 
sent for trial here on charges 
that he murdered his wife mid . 
tried to conceal the crime by 
getting his Burmese cook to 
bnm down their house. 

A Rangoon court yesterday 
set July 15 for the trial of Mr 
Thomas Andrew Kirkpatrick, 
a visiting Colombo Plan En- 
glish lecturer at Rangoon’s 
Institute of Education. 

Po Gee say he killed his wife, 
Lynn, on May 17 and ordered 
Ms cook to burn .down bis 
home in a northern Rangoon 
suburb on the same night to 
destroy evidence. Mr Kirkpat- 
rick denies the charges. 

Friends of the family, who 
woe trying to arrange lor a 
British barrister to act as 
defence counsel at the trial, 
said Mr Kirkpatrick was not 
at home at the time of tire fire. 

The charge was based on a 
confession by the cook. Saw 
Sar Htu, who was charged as a 
co-conspirator. Mr Kirkpat- 
rick, was arrested on June 23 
and was later released on bafl. 

His friends said his wife was 
an ethnic Chinese and a 
Singapore nationaL 

If convicted he could face a 
sentence from 10 years to life 
imprisonment, which in Bur- 
ma means 20 years. 

But senior officials of fee 
ruling Sandinista Front have 
rejected ^calls' for repressive 
measures to be revoked and 
have hinted feat further action 
may be contemplated against 
adversaries believed to- sup- 
port American foreign policy 
objectives in Nicaragua. - 

The Government dosed the 
opposition newspaper, La 
Prensaand banished two. lead- 
ing Roman Catholic clergy- 
men for allegedly having help- 
ed President Reagan to .wm 
renewed military aid for fee 
rebel Contras. ' 

Sandinista party activists 
were told by their regional co- 
ordinator at a dosed-door 
meeting in Managua last 
weekend that these were “only 
fee first skirmishes in fee 
battle, against imperialism" 
and feat those alrrady punish- 
ed for their activities were not 
the most importtmt ~“ene_my 
agents” in thecountry. . . 

- In the uncertain atmosphere 
created by such statements, 
opposition parties have been 
understandably guarded in 
their reaction. 

Even fee Governments 
most uncompromising critics, 
fee ceutroright block of- par- 
ties known as the Democratic 
Co-ordinating- Committee, 
careftilly chose their words in 
appealing this week for mea- 
sures against the press and fee 
Church to be rescinded. 

They very judiciously stated 
support for fee principle of 
non-intervention and .mildly 
criticized the Contra aid in a 
document reiterating their call 
for a ceasefire in the war, an 
end to the state of emergency 
and new general elections. 

The four-party Mode pulled 
out of elections jn November 
1984, dubbing them fraudu- 
lent, and their candidate for 
president, Senor Arturo Cruz, 
became one of fee three 
leaders of the .Contras. 

Four of the six other parties 
which ,ran in 1984 and now 
have a minority of seats in the 
National Assembly also-made 
a wary appeal to the Govern-, 
ment to revoke its earlier 
harsh measures. They made a 
vaguely-worded call ' for fee. 
creation of “an authentic de- 
mocracy*. rapect for political 
parties and a commitment to 
national unity": 

After hearing their demands 
at a meeting, the President of 
the Assembly, Commandante 
dados Nunez, who is also a 
member of the rune-man San- 
dinista national directorate, 
made dear there would be no 
going back or easing up. 

“Justice will continue to be 
applied to all those who dare 
to challenge revolutionary 
law," the official party news- 
paper quoted him as saying. 
'. The Government would 
discuss any concrete proposals 
from parties represented in 
fee Assembly but those of the 
1 Democratic Co-ordinating 
Committee were' “not even 
worth listening to", he said. 

Zhao urges talks over 
Greek-Turkish dispute 

Thousands join Dhaka protest 

Dhaka - Thousands of as policemen in riot gear 
people turned up at a noisy chased demonstrators who 

rally in central Dhaka on fee 
second day of protests yester- 
day against martial law as 
Sheikh Hasina Wazed, fee 
opposition leader, called for 
President Ershad to resign 
(Ahmed Fazl writes). 

About 50 people were hurt 

were armed wife staves and 
shouting, “long live democ- 
racy”. Sheikh Hasina. chief of 
fee Awami League, said feat 
the “parallel parliament" she 
announced on Thursday 
would continue as long as 
martial law remained. . 

From Mario Modiano 

China and Greece agreed 
yesterday to establish a joint 
ministrial commission to pro- 
mote bilateral political and 
economic relations, after suc- 
cessful talks in Athens be- 
tween Mr Zhao Ziyang (right), 
fee Chinese Prime Minister, 
and his Greek counterpart, Mr 
Andreas Papandreou. 

The Chinese leader, who is 
on a tour of Balkan' and Med- 
iterranean countries, express- 
ed his concern about the ten- 
sions in fee region, and called 
for self-restrainL 

In what appeared to be an 
allusion to Greek-Turkish dis- 
putes. Mr Zhao deplored the 

use or threat of force as a 
means of resolving problems, 
and advocated negotiations to 
make fee Mediterranean' “a 
sea of peace and friendship, 
not a field for the display of 

Canada takes tough line on Sikhs 

security service to enable Mr loss of life was a matter of 
Rupert Murdoch 10 pocket his speculation. 


Vast amounts of cash and 
equipment were involved. He 

The' attacks on TNT 
distribution centres -were also 
disturbing and police had to to 

more in the searchlight. It had 
cost the taxpayer £850 million 

- in the last year and in additon to 
Ideating with a steadily rising 

crime rate it had to cope with a 
changing variety of crime. 

The’ police had met this 
challenge firmly, within the 
. British tradition of an unarmed 
force under the law of 
reasonable use of force to which 
" police officers and not just other 

- citizens were bound. 

' Firearms had been used in the 

- Metropolis only five times last 
year compared with 238 times 
by the New York police. 

The police were in the from 
line in dealing with the strains 
and tensions of inner city crime 
and disorder but however many 
men and however much 
equipment was provided that 
1 was not the way of easing the 
•: strains of social life and making 
society more stable. 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, chief 

only wished that a fraction of deal wife them. Any responsible 
fee Government’s attention Home Secretary of whatever 
would be devoted to fee 99.9 per party would have responded in 
cent of crimes affecting the same way. 

wmiiH Mr Norman Atkinson (Totten- 
A Labour government would ^ Ub) M what w often 

introduce a esta^ pohey ^ 0 ,^ about fee Wapping 
and make CTme prevenura s j lual |Q n was that the whole 
grants available both to home premeditated - the 

ffiiKt ‘tesign of building, 
The Home Secretary m^t and armoured vehicles 

persuade hu> colleagues feat they designed wife fee knowl- 
must pul the taxpayers money . ^ pd ice be 

where his mouth was. Slogans doing what they were now doing 
would not solve crime m ^ tapping as soon as fee 
London or elsewhere m Bittern. bu j| dJng occupied 

The years of failure under this ulu 6 
Government had demonstrably Mr Ronald Leighton (Newham 
proved that North East, Lab) said he was 

Mr John Wheeter (Westminster concerned about fee growing 
North. O said he took issue politicization of fee Police 
wife the suggestion that the use Federation, and he resented 
of the police on public order Commissioner Newman's 

Mr Ronald Leighton (Newham 
North East Lab) said he was 
concerned about fee growing 
politicization of fee Police 
Federation, and he resented 
Commissioner Newman's 

representatives made clear their From Stephen Taylor 
profound and continuing Sydney 

concern about levels of _ . . . _ . 

expenditure in fee new budget The British Government 
and fee implications for budget yesterday asked for a delay in 
discipline. , court proceedings it has 

They underlined the United bunched in Australia to stop 
Kingdom’s strong preference for publication of a former intelh- 

per cent ceiling, ,n S ' V1TI ? . r.J 

Dr Oonagb McDonald, an catcher in M15. 

Opposition spokesman on Trea- The New South Wales 5u- 
sury and economic affairs, said preme Court yesterday set 
what the Government had done Qpyjber 2 as the date it will 
during the negotiations was to hearing the application 


Slm'k bn:i ” l ' nE Heinemann Publishing 

Mr urooke said everyone con- Company- f 

ccmed in the negotiations had But counsel appearing tor 
been conemcd to reach agree- • §j r Michael Havers, the Bnt- 
ment because otherwise fee jj. Attorney General, later 

duties was somehow a waste of increasingly political 

their time. He wished there were 
fewer demonstrations and fewer 
public order events that 

merits. Policemen, whatever 
their rank, should be careful not 
to give the impression they 

required fee attendance of fee considered themselves hand- 

■ J .U. A . ■ 


The Labour Party could not 

maidens of the Conservative 

Community would have been 
plunged into financial chaos. 

The only people who had 
voted against it had been fee 
Labour Party and the Rainbow 

The extra money going to 
agriculture was a prudent move 
to make additional provision for 
the current year which would 
otherwise have had to be carried 
forward. J 

told Mr Justice Powell that Sir 
Robert Armstrong, the Cabi- 
net Secretary - who is to put 
the Government’s objections 
to publication — would not be 
able to fly to Australia to give 
evidence until November. 

Mr Justice Powell is due to 
give a ruling on the applica- 
tion next week. 

Canadian police have crack- 
ed down on militant Sikhs 
suspected of com nutting, or 
conspiring to commit, acts of 
violence in support of the 
struggle for an independent 
Sikh state in Ponjah. 

A recent wave of arrests 
resulted in the laying of 
charges against 15 Sikhs hi 
three different centres: Mon- 
treal Quebec: Hamilton, On- 
tario, and Campbell River on 
Vancouver Island, British 

The charges range from 
attempted murder and con- 
spiring to commit murder on 
board an aircraft to conspiring 
to bomb the Indian Parliament 
b uilding * in DeDu. 

Investigation of the alleged 
crimes, and the continuing 
investigation of last year's 
bombing of Air India flight 
182, which claimed 329 lives, 
is tying up a la rge number of 
Canada's intelligence person- 

It also seems to-have created 
strains between the Royal 
Canadian Mounted Police 
(RCMP) and the Canadian 

From John Best, Ottawa 

Security Intelligence Services 
(CS1S), a new cxvQian agency 
which replaced the RCMF’s 
intelligence branch a few years 

Mr PUrmar was arrested hi 

November in Burnaby and 

- -vs- * I 

A parliamentary review 
committee recent report criti- 
cized CSIS for tiie intelligence 
produced on flight 182, which 
crashed off the west coast of 
Ireland on June 23 1985 white 
mi its way from Montreal to 
London, v 

Police believe the crash was 
cussed by a bomb, and that It 
was linked to another bombing 
mi the same day at Tokyo's 
Narita airport when two bag- 
gage handlers were killed. 
They were transferring lug- 
gage from a fmmdiaw Pacific 

plosives in a case that police 
said was connected wife their 
investigations into the Air In- 
dia disaster. But be was farter 
released for lack of evidence. 

He and two of the other ac- 
cused have been denied bafl in 
the Hamilton case ami are 
bring kept In jail pending a 
preluinBary hearing in the ant- 

They bare been charged 
wife conspiracy to commit ter- 
rorism in India by Mowing tip 
Parliament, de railing trains 
and bombing airports and- 
government b mMing^ 

The .four men. -faring con- 

flight just in from Vancouver spiracy and other charges in 
to mother plane bound for Montreal were arrested^on 
India. May 30 amid reports of anak 

Among seven Ca n ad i an leged plot to Mow up ah Air In- 
Sikhs faring criminal charges dia jet out of New York. - 

in Hamilton is Mr Talwfrid& 
Singh Parmar, aged. 42, of 

The four beiog.held ou Van- 
couver Island are . accused of 

Burnaby, British Columbia, attempting to m u rd e r M r Mak 
leader of the Babhar Khaisa, load Siagfe Sidhn, Planning 
one of fee most milftant org- Minister for ^ Punjab. He was 
anizatioas campaigning Ear. a. on a private risfr wfrenhis car ! 
separate Sikh state in India's ' was ambushed oa h ioseefy 

Prajab province. 

road on May 25. 



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Pressure mounting on 
Reagan to spell out 
southern Africa aims 

From Michael Binyoa, Washington 

. As Washington takes a long, than he was last year to avoid talks with Pretoria or 
S 8 ™ . °°k a* its policies on severe sanctions. black groups such as 

South Africa, President Mr Chester Crocker, the African National Congress. 
Reagan s top advisers are Assistant Secretary of State for “We’re interested m sub- 
urging him to make a speech African Affairs, said on Thurs- stance, not in the photo 
spelling out m unambiguous day that the Administration opportunities of diplomacy 
terms United States aims in had “strong feelings” about he said, 
southern Africa. measures that appeared on the 

surface to be bold actions, but 



Wild West comes to Calgary Stampede 

.-*?•- , . : . ... ... ,, f .. ... ,. v ^ - ■' yys- v'- : 

k/UMlVlU ruiivo. 

Those advocating such a 
move include Admiral John 
Poindexter, the National Se- 
curity Adviser, and Mr 
.George Shultz, the Secretary 
■of State. They clearly believe 
that US policy is perceived as 
muddled, and inconsistent, 
and ml] increasingly come 
:tinder attack both in Congress 
and in black Africa. 

- The aim of the speech 
would be to prod President 
Botha into negotiations with 
.black Africans and a peaceful 
settlement of racial strife. It 
would demonstrate that Mr 
Reagan personally, and not 
-just US diplomats, is commit- 
ted to change in South Africa. 

President Reagan, however, 
is strongly resisting such a 
■move. When the idea was 
■mooted at a White House 
.policy lunch on Monday he 
replied: “Don't we already 
have enough on our plate T 
• In the face of mounting 
pressure in Congress for tough 
action. Administration offi- 
cials say privately that Mr 
Reagan is more determined 

Leaders to 

on Games 

whose consequences were in- 
calculable and possibly dan- 

However, he said the situa- 
tion in South Africa had 
changed in the past few 
months, and the Administra- 
tion had not forever ruled out 
pressure such as sanctions. 

South Africa's decision to 
defy world opinion, the state 
of emergency and the cross- 
border raids had induced a 
“mood of siege politics”, Mr 
Crocker said. The country was 
striking a posture of being 
ready to go it alone and suffer 
the consequences. 

Washington is clearly eager 
to dampen expectations both 
here and in black Africa that it 
can force the Botha Govern- 
ment to change tack. Mr 
Crocker insisted that US influ- 
ence was “at the margins”, 
though this would be used 

It was important for all 
South Africans to understand 
the US position. But Washing- 
ton would not publicize its 

he said. 

Mr Crocker gave a warning 
there was a lot of “timber” in 
South Africa ready for the 
Soviet Union to set ablaze, but 
he was categorical in blaming 
apartheid, not Moscow, for 
the crisis in the country. 

The US has not ruled out 
the idea of sending a special 
envoy, as suggested by some 
senators, but it is waiting to 
see the outcome of the mission 
to southern Africa of Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
Secretary. . 

The Administration s stated 
goals at present appear mod- 
est the rekindling of black- 
white dialogue, an end to 
violence and more reforms 
leading to the dismantling of 
apartheid. They may be too 
modest for Congress, which 
does not accept the contention 
that US influence in the region 
is limited. 

Mr Shultz will testify to the 
powerful Senate Foreign Rela- 
tions Committee later this 
month. Mr Reagan may yet 
find that be has publicly to 
address the South Africa issue 
after all. 

From Jan Raath 

The leaders of four of the six 
southern African frontline 
nates are to re-examine their 
participation in the Edinburgh 

meat to “expunge — 
statute book” aD remaining 
apartheid laws, and to release 
political prisoners and lift tbe 
ban political parties, was made 
Biunpauua iu uic numsuigu yesterday by Mr Gavin Kelly, 
ames and their - Common- chairman of the Anglo-Ameri- 
realth membership. can Corporation, the conntry's 

Thp 7imhnhwp Foreign hioooct minimi and Industrial 

Mine chief urges 
end to race laws 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 
An appeal to the Govern- held talks last year in Lnsaka, 

from the 

biggest mining and industrial 

Tbe “piecemeal approach to 
reform” had now “reached the 
limit of its usefulness”, Mr 
Relly said in his annual state- 
ment to shareholders. He 
rallod on the Government to 

The Zimbabwe Foreign 
Ministry confirmed yesterday 
hat the leaders of all frontline 
totes - Angola, Botswana, 

Mozambique, Tanzania, 

Zambia and Zimbabwe — will 
neet in Harare next Friday. 

\ngola and Mozambique are 
former Portuguese colonies. 

President Kaunda of Zam- wiuum m umu • — — 

pia, the Commonwealth's Group Areas Act, the Separate 
most senior head of state, has Amenities Act, the Population 
'epeatedly threatened in re- Registration Act and the Land 
c “ Act. 

- Mr ReDy also said that a 
non-violent solution to South 
Africa's problems was not 
helped by “measures which 
have resulted in the incarcera- 
tion of people who won M have 
to be included in future 

He also appealed to West- 
ern nations to resist the “emo- 
tional response” of imposing 
anomic sanctions. 

the Zambian capital, with Mr 
Oliver Tambo and other ANC 
leaders. He was also one of 
eight top businessmen who 
made an appeal last week for 
the ■mnMxiiatg release of Mr 
Nelson Mandela and the. le- 
galization of the ANC. 

The Afrikaner business 
community, which, whQe ns 
general supporting calls for 
the abolition of apartheid,' is 
much more reluctant to criti- 
cize the Government openly, 
and has notably refrained 
from advocating negotiations 

"... .L. A 

ent weeks to withdraw from 
ie Commonwealth because 
f Mis Margaret Thatcher’s 
jfiisal to impose compreheii- 
ive economic sanctions 
gainst South Africa. 

Mr Robert Mugabe, the 
imbabwe Prime Minister, 
rid journalists on Thursday 
lat both the games and 
omraonwealth membership 
ould be discussed at the 
immiL A strategy for action 
a a collective or jc‘ 
n both issues would 

"We do not want to be seen 
p be divided,” he said. He 
ad noted President Kaunda s 
withdrawal threats, and said 
iiat “we would want to com- 
are notes”. 

He said his Government’s 
ttention had been drawnto 
ae inclusion in the Bntisn 
am of the South African- 
orn runner Zola Budd and 
lie swimmer Annette Cowley, 
he Zimbabwe Olympic 
:ommittce was considering 
he issue, but it would have to 
ave further consultations 
rith the Government. 

Zimbabwe has named a 
earn of 40, composing. 31 
ompetitors and nine officials. 
But in marked contrast to 
he-, positions of Ghana and 
Nigeria, Mr Mugabe indicated 
ie would be examining solely 
he sporting aspects. 

» VIENNA: The United Na- 
jons conference on Namibia 
•nded yesterday urging sanc- 
tions and boycott mtosures 
kgainst JSonth Africa “in all 

fiiEti on tne uveraiem u» umu " 
commit itself publicly to repeal with the ANC. . . w , 
“within a fixed time” the Since the political victory of 

~ ~ Afrikaner nationalism in 

1948, Afrikaners have them- 
selves moved into big business, 
though the commanding 
heights are still mainly m 
English hands, and English 
ami Afrikaner businessmen 
have come increasingly to 
acknowledge their common 

But differences remain and 
some Afrikaner businessmen, 
adjusting to the current xeno- 
phobic mood or the Govern- 
ment, argue that economic 
sanctions are inevitable, and 

at issue 
in Canada 

From John Best 
Tomorrow’s meeting be- 
tween Mrs Margaret Thatcher 
and Mr Brian Mulroney, the 
Canadian Prime Minister, 
seems certain to be dominated 
by the problem of South 

The meeting will cap a busy 
weekend in Canada for Mrs 
Thatcher, who flew there from 
London last night. 

Canadian news media in 
recent days have carried a' 
number of interviews with 
Mrs Thatcher, in which she 
has maintained her opposition 
to sanctions. 

Mr Mulroney, who sees 
himself as a possible mediator 
between Britain and African 
Commonwealth states clam- 
oring for sanctions, may try to 
gel Mrs Thatcher to moderate 
her position. 

She is to meet Mr Mulroney 
at Mirabel Airport, ouiside 
Montreal, on her way back to 
Britain from Vancouver, Brit- 
ish Colombia, where today she 
attends British Day at Expo 
’ 86 . . 

As well as officiating at 
Britain’s national day ceremo- 
nies, she is to tour the British, 
Canadian and British Colom- 
bia pavillions at Expo and 
meet Mr William Bennett, 

M urder of British consul 

Concern rises over security 

. ...... . i i.„ i_ .u. l. „nc ihp FVnuTv Hie 

By Nicholas Beeston 
The murder of a British 
honorary consul in Colombia 
on Thursday has revived con- 
cern about the threat of terror- 
ism to diplomats abroad, and 
in particular the vulnerability 
of honorary consuls. 

Although the motives for 
Mr Geoffrey Hutchinson's as- 
sassination by two unidenti- 
fied gunmen in the port of 
Barranquilla are not dear, the 
Foreign Office said yesterday 
the latest attack added to a 
“regrettable record of murd- 
ers” of diplomatic staff. 

A relative of Mr Hutchin- 
son’s in Britain said: “He was 
not involved in any local pol- 
itics and he was simply run- 
ning a family import business 
established by his late father. 

“When I heard the news, 
my initial reaction was that he 
had been killed just because he 
was the British consul.” he 

said. _ 

A Foreign Office spokes- 
man said that although there 
was no recent history of 
attacks against honorary con- 
suls, their safety is of particu- 
lar concern because they are 
scattered around the world, 
often in remote areas. 

With recent cut-backs in the 
number of diplomatic staff 
sent abroad, the growing trend 
has been to appoint unpaid 
honorary consuls in regions 
with only small British inter- 

Honorary consuls are often 
resident British businessmen 
based in large towns and cities 
who cany out basic consular 
services and receive an hono- 
rarium of £600. 

Although full-time diplo- 
matic staff have frequently 
come under attack from ter- 
rorists, provisions for their 
safety are met by security 
personnel assigned to embas- 
sies overseas. 

No such measures exist to 
protect honorary consuls, who 
by their very nature have close 
contact with the local commu- 
nity and are based in remote 

There is a fear that they may 
become easy prey for terror- 
ists, as Graham Greene de- 
scribed in his novel. The 
Honorary Consul, about a 
British businessman and hon- 
orary consul, who ' is kid- 
napped by guerrillas ULSouth 

The last British diplomat to 

be killed was the Deputy High 
Commissioner in Bombay, 
Mr Percy Norris, who was as- 
sassinated in 1984 by a group 
linked to the Palestinian ter- 
rorist leader Abu NidaL 
He was the seventh British 
diplomat to be attacked by ter- 
rorists and the fourth to die 
since 1970. The list of attacks 

1984: Mr Kenneth Whitty, as- 
sistant cultural attache in Ath- 
ens. shot by the Revolutionary 
Organization for Socialist 

1978: Sir Richard Sykes, Am- 
bassador to the Netherlands, 
shot dead by Irish gunmen. 
1976: Mr Christopher Ewart- 
Biggs killed by an IRA car 
bomb in Dublin. 

1973: Mrs Nora Murray, a 
member of the embassy staff 
in Washington, whose hand 
was blown off by a letter- 
bomb. _ 

1971: Mr (now Sir) Geoffrey 
Jackson, Ambassador to Uru- 
guay, held for 245 days after 
being kidnapped by guerrillas. 
1970 : Mr James Cross, trade 
. commissioner in Montreal, 
kidnapped by Quebec separat- 
ists and released unharmed. 

eC ^StiS n to k ^ti oasis From Juan Oirh«G^i 



Refugees living in fear Paris blast 
of reprisals by Israel claimed by 

. . m IKlwmli wi .n T oHonrtr 

business community toe, 
which, under pressure from 
increasingly militant blade 
trade anions, has spoken out 
more and more openly m 
favour <rf dism antli ng the last 
vestiges of apartheid and 
opening negotiations with the 
outlawed African National 
Congress (ANC). 

Mr Kelly led a party of 
businessmen, opposition poli- 
ticians and journalists who 

r V 

From Juan Carlos Gumudo, Ein Hllweh camp, Lebanon 
Palestinian guerrillas yester- Palestinian guerrillas and 
dav were expecting new Israeli Beirut newspapers reponea 

^Ths^ederated Chambers of jgjjj l^ 0 ™*** ^ ** itetow SSuxT AiSunid ‘walid 

ssasssas *&%£*> **** 

take part in trade promotion 
activities, and in the evening 

new group 

From Diana Geddes 

which embrace both English 
and Afrikaner businessmen, 
tho" eb die former dominate, 
have campaigned strongly 
against apartheid, and can 
daim some of the credit fw 
such reforms as the abolition 
of the “pass laws”, 

Carter to get apology 

Harare - Mr Jimmy Carter, 
the former American presi- 
dent, who walked out of a 
reception in Harare last week 
when a Zimbabwean Cabinet 
Minister criticized his coun- 
try, can expect a written 
apology (Jan Raath writes). 

The US State Department 
said this week it was 
“reviewing" its aid to Zimba- 
bwe because of the incident 

Mr Robert Mugabe, the 
prime Minister, told journal- 
ists on Thursday that the 
speech at the reception marr- 

ing America's Independence 
Day had been “inappro- 
priate”. The Foreign Minister 
would be writing soon to 
apologize for “any inconve- 
nience or embarrassment”. 

But Zimbabwe would not 
stop attacking the Reagan 
Administration for its failure 
to act against South Africa; 
nor would it be “blackmailed” 
by threats of aid cuts. 

“We are not the weak 
country down on its knees that 
says 'mea culpa, mea maxima 
culpa Mr Mugabe said. 

Mrs Thatcher’s discussions 
with Mr Mulroney at Mirabel 
tomorrow will be a prelude to 
a special summit of seven 
Commonwealth leaders in 
London on August 3-5 
planned to consider means of 
putting pressure on South 

Mr Mulroney, with Mr Bob 
Hawke, the Australian Prime; 
Minister, and some other 
leaders, has been looking for 
ways to head off a confronta- 
tion in London between Mrs 
Thatcher and African leaders. 

Canada has said it may 
break off trade and diplomatic 
relations with Pretoria with- 
out a move to dismantle 
apartheid. A report this week 
said that Mr Mulroney was 
preparing to push for an early 
emergency meeting of all 49 
Commonwealth members, 
possibly in Canada, if efforts 
to resolve the rift over sanc- 
tions failed. The report was 
denied by an official 

Manila - President Aquino 
declared a state of emergency 
in the northern Philippines 
provinces struck by a typhoon 
that left more than 70 people 
dead and thousands homeless 
(Keith Dalton writes). 

She announced the release 
of $550,000 (£362,000) . for 
relief services during a visit to 
hundreds of displaced resi- 
dents sheltering in a suburban 
church in Manila. 

“The damage to property 
has been extensive and the 
loss of lives has made this 
calamity a tragedy as well,” 
she said while relief agencies 
prepared to airlift food to 
flooded northern towns isolat- 
ed by damaged roads and de- 
stroyed bridges. 

The state of emergency 
gives police and military res- 
cue units the right to seize 
stockpiles of essential goods 
for distribution to needy 

Prize for 

Strasbourg (Reuter) — Presi- 
dent Raul Alfonsin of Argenti- 
na and a former Austrian 
Justice Minister, Herr Chris- 
tian Broda, have been award- 
ed the Council of Europe 
Human Rights prize for 1986, 
the 2 1 -nation Council an- 
nounced in a statement. 

Senor Alfonsin was chosen 
“for his activities to foster anti 
protect human rights in 
Argentina”. Herr Broda was 
named for his work in reform- 

Satthe rumbling of a Awad, was killed and that four A group oiling ttsdf the named tor ms wore in reioim- 
water pump caused other people were wounded “Commando LoKLefevre- Ac- , n g the Austnan legal system 
Sg&K*. ; tion Direrte" b» ctumri and for his “linn sand on 

. . . 1 . ~c tuo mrxainr low responsibility tor abolition of capital 

Wednesday’s bomb attack on 

KGB tries to stop the rot in Sweden 

■roin Christopher Mosey 


nu» KGB has not been 

3y, md yesterday three of 
top operatives 
re been dispatched from 

oscow to find out way- 
What looks to Western eyw 

Js - I( ! n ® delegation ac- 

iviet trade rr?*Ljona«; 

this shantytown just south of 

^^"Tayaral! Tayaral!” (“Air- 
craft, aircraft") shouted some- 
one near a group of unarmed 
fighters who were inspecting 
the ruins of a house struck by 
Israeli rockets. 

Guerrillas, onlookers and 
reporters darted for cover far 
away from tbe house until it 
became evident that there was 
no threat from tbe sky. The 
fighters returned near the 
house a few minutes later, 
some of them giggling nerv- 

“They win come back, may- 
be this afternoon,” said one 
guerrilla. “We are used to it 
... we are prepared.” 

On Thursday, Israeli heli- 
copter gunships flying in from 
the sea destroyed installations 
of three Palestinian guerrilla 
organizations hours after two 
Israeli soldiers were killed on 
the coast of south Lebanon 
during a rare joint infiltration 
attempt by Palestinian guerril- 
las and pro-Syrian Lebanese 

It was unclear whether some 
of the fire came from Israeli 
gunboats boats reportedly 
seen by Sidon residents short- 
ly before the attack. 

“Four helicopters fired at 
least 18 rockets,” said Abu 
Nizar, the local spokesman for 
the Palestine Straggle Front, 
which lost its offices during 
tbe ten-minute raid at dusk. 

An amm unition and fuel 

depot belonging ro the Marxist 

Democratic Front for the 
Liberation of Palestine was 
blown up along with an office 
of the Fatah Uprising group 
led by Saeed Mousa. 

The casualty toll was low 
considering that the camp has 
a registered refugee popula- 
tion of 28,705 inhabitants, 
according to United Nations 

The Israelis appanmtly 
struck only guerrilla positions 
— and they did it accurately, 
although some other bu ildin gs 
and cars were also damag ed 
The PSFs two-storey of- 
fices were devastated by con- 
centrated fire and it appeared 
as if at least one rocket had 
gone through a window in the 
blackened top floor. A sentry 
post was reduced to a mound 
of rubble, a brown wooden 
chai r trapped amid blasted 
sandbags, but there was no 
trace of blood. 

The air attack was expected. 
Every guerrilla in Lebanon 
knows that all at t a ck s 
Israel are inevitably followed 
by retaliatory raids. After the 
infiltration attempt early on 
Thursday, the guerrillas had 
taken the ritual precaution of 
removing their men. 

“We knew they would 
come,” said Abu Nizar, a 
dean -shaven man in his thir- 
ties, who said little about the 
guerrillas' own security mea- 
sures. “After the operation (in 
the south) we all went home,” 
he said smiling. 

Abu Nizar emphasized that 
Israel’s retaliatory attack 
would not deter new guerrilla 
activity. On the contrary, he 
said, the infiltration attempt - 
the most daring Palestinian 
guerrilla operation in months 
- was bound to encourage 
more joint attacks. 

the headquarters of the police 
anti-gang unit’s headquarters 
in which a police inspector was 
killed and 18 others injured. 

Loic Lefevre is the name of 
tbe young motorist who was 
shot dead at point-blank range 
in Fans last weekend by a riot 
police man as be tried to ran 
away because he did not have 
tbe proper papers on him. 

The policeman claimed that 
he acted in selfdefence, bat 
eye witnesses insist that 
Lefevre was shot unnecessari- 
ly and in cold blood. 

Action Direct e, an extreme- 
left French terrorist group, has 
carried out more than 50 
attacks in France since its 
formation in 1979, including 
two bomb attacks last Sunday 
against the Paris offices of 
Air-liquid e and Thomson. No 
one was hurt. 

The group joined forces is 
months ago with the Rei 
Army Faction, the German 
terrorist group which has 
churned responsibility for the 

'firm stand on the 
of capital 


Hess cancer 

Bonn — A report in the 
Berlin Aforgenpost that Ru- 
dolf Hess had stomach cancer 
was described as “speculation 
on the part of that newspaper” 
by the official spokesman of 
the British military govern- 
ment in west Berlin (Frank 
Johnson writes). 

Herr Hess, aged 92, was 
transferred from Spandau 
prison to the British Military 
Hospital in west Berlin on 
Tuesday after saying that he 
was feeling unwelL 

Lubbers again 

The Hague (Reuter) — 
Queen Beatrix has appointed 
the outgoing Christian Demo- 
crat Prime Minister, Mr Ruud 
Lubbers, to form a new centre- 
right coalition, the mediator 
in the negotiations said. 

■ Mr Vladimir Minra, here expect Mr Minin t» he 
mrolved mt to Moscow to face t 

? A* of the ^* d ^J ta S B |Lc?Lnfw Mr Rjmko and -two ether 

assess; ^ *-■ 

«.rfassil« fiW t* 1 ® 1 " ” “ v 

Briton beaten in Malta 

From Austin Santmot, Valletta 
A demonstration organized hradquarteraA nujnber of 
by Maltese housewives yester- other people, 
day, to protest against the wives, wen jWf” “JS. 
■„** . acute shortage of water on the throwing and other assault*; 
Stockholm with bis island, led to a British woman Mr Anthony M its 

being beaten by a group of Tommasi, the Deputy Police 
. . policewomen in front of the 
the Amaranten Hotel in | Prime Minister's office 
Stockholm and paid several 

icuviui ~ ■ 

gafiaearaAS Venice blast 

ist and his chauffeur in Mu- Venice (AP) - A bomb blast 

damaged the offices of the 
stale-owned electric company 
in the centre of Venice, police 
said. No one was injured. 

Sirte exercise 

Tripoli (AP) - Libya will 
launch missiles in “large- 
scale” exercises in the Gulf of 
Sirte beginning tomorrow. 

Kangaroo cull 

Sydney (Reuter) — Australia 
cleared the way for resumed 
slaughter of millions of kanga- 
roos when it lifted a suspen- 
sion on exports of approved 
wildlife products. 

nich on the same day as the 
Paris attack. 

For the police cover the 
number one suspect is Max 
Frerot, a former paratrooper 
and a member the “JM 
Poster” group of Action 
Directe, beaded by Andre 
Olivier who was arrested in 
Lyons on March 28th. Frerot, 
who has become the most 
wanted man in France, is an 
explosive specialist who ac- 
quired his expertise while 
carrying out his military 

w BONN: Herr Friedrich 
Zimmermann, the West Ger- 
man Minister of the Interior, i 
said in Wiesbaden yesterday Vnv eSCEDCS 
that he expected further ter- | * r 

rorist attacks after the murder ,,M 


However, the press attache, 
Mr Pkitr Kngojenko, denied 
that they had been sent to 
investigate embassy happen- 
ings. “It is an internal matter 
upon which I cannot com- 


The woman, in her raid- 
forties, and married to a 
Maltese, would not give her 
name. She was badly bruised 
and scratched, just after her 
husband was beaten by a 
group of policemen, arrested 
and taken to police 

a uuiuiutfM — ' ■ 

Commissioner, also went to 
hospital According to uncon- 
firmed reports, he was at- 
tacked by a government 

The 500 -strong demonstra- 
tion follows months of acute 
water shortage. Some areas 
have gone for days and even 
weeks without a drop in their 

on Wednesday of Herr Karl- 
Heinz Beck arts, a Siemens 
director, and his driver, Herr 
Eckerhard Groppler (Frank 
Johnson writes). 

West German police sources 
described as “an assumption 
the French police view that the 
Paris and Munich attacks on 
Wednesday were linked. It has 
long been thought that the Red 
Army Faction has links with 
such groups as Action Directe, 
Eta. and the IRA, but it is 
emphasized that there is no 1 
direct proof. 

Lusaka (Reuter) — A former 
Zambian government official, 
Webster Kayi Lumbwe, jailed 
for 20 years in 1 982 for spying 
for the CIA escaped from a 
hospital where he was being 
treated for chest pains. 

Aids deaths 

Dar-es-Salaam (Reuter) — 
Tanzania’s Health Minister. 
Mr Aaron Chiduo, said 253 
people had died from Aids in 
the country since the disease 
first surfaced in 1983. In 
addition, 493 people wag 
infected with the virus. 


Why Brittan had to speak 

Brendan Clifford 



Simon Barnes 


j. - liberal tradition of the Cboser- 

dinlnmacv vative Party, is equally a part of 

UipiUUiav; ^ welcome message. 

Montserrat a little island in the 
Caribbean inhabited by a mere 
J 2.000 souJs. will be represented at 
the Commonwealth Games for the 
first time this year -by Jay 
Glasford of Whitechapel and 
Stanley White of Stoke New- 
ington. "I've never actually been 
to Montserrat". say$ Miss 
Glasford. who is manager of a 
personnel agency, "but 1 was 
conceived there". White has never 
been there either, though he too 
has Montserratian parents. 

They will be competing in the 
badminton event: "1 saw a lady 
competitor from Montserrat at the 
Olympics", says Jay. "She was in 
the shot-put and the shot prac- 
tically landed on her foot. I 
thought Montserrat could do bet- 
ter than that — in fact. I thought / 
could do better. So we got Mont- 
serrat to accept us as competitors, 
and then Montserrat got the 
Commonwealth Games to accept 
it as a competing nation. We have 
been training 30 hours a week, and 
I hope we can start the wheel 
turning for Montserrat athletes." 
And how good are they? “For 
Moniscrrat we're brilliant. For 
everywhere else we’re pretty 


Ian Botham, never one to let the 
grass grow' under his feet. is deeply 
involved in planning his trek 
across the Alps by elephant, 
following in the footprints of 
Hannibal and. more recently, of 
Bernard Levin. The trip, with 
three elephants, is scheduled to 
start in February 1988. covering 
1 .000 miles in a week. It will mean 
that Botham misses the England 
lour of Pakistan and New Zea- 
land. (Perhaps his mother-in-law 
will go instead). Botham aims to 
raise £1 million for leukaemia 
research, to add to the £830.000 he 
raised for the cause with his long 
walk last winter. 


Sclf-mockcty is not the sports- 
man’s most marked trait But 
Frank Bruno, whose world heavy- 
weight bout takes place next week, 
is something of an exception. His 
ghosted autobiography is called 
form 1 What / Mean? Very charm- 
ing of him - though it does strike 
me as odd that a man who aims to 
terrorize the world's best heavy- 
weights is best known for his 
endearing qualities. 

• I have been given the recipe for a 
new and beautiful cocktail called 
The Diego Maradona. It requires 
one part Perrier, one part Emm 
lemon and ice. Yon drink it and 
then pretend to fall down drunk. 


As the world's top players prepare 
to contest the British Open Cro- 
quet Championship at the Hur- 
lingham Cub next week, so the 
Croquet .Association continues to 
expand, with 33 new clubs started 
last year and 14 so far this year. 
Croquet, a break-building game, is 
often compared with snooker — 
but croquet people like to point 
out that a snooker player, in 
making a maximum 147 break, 
plays only 36 shots. A croquet 
player. 1 learn, will regularly make 
breaks of 60 or more shots — and 
the maximum possible break com- 
prises 91 shots. Meanwhile, some 
genius has invented a new game 
that combines pool with croquet, 
and called it Poolo. It is played on 
a 6 ft by 10 ft carpet that stands on 
a small platform with six pockets, 
and you bifT balls about with a 
mallet. The makers say the surface 
can cope with spilt beer and ice- 
cream without even trying. 

Dead ringer 

This column's Campaign for the 
Underdog Spectator reports this 
week on the sad plight of a punier 
who went to Kempton Park on 
June 25 to watch the racing from 
the Silver Ring. It was closed and. 
instead of paying £2.50. he had the 
choice of either paying £6 for a 
seat in the grandstand or going 
home. The Silver Ring itself had 
been taken over for a corporate 
thrash by 2.000 people who work 
for the meeting’s sponsor. RacaL 
The course authorities had made 
some effort on behalf of regular 
Silver Ring patrons by issuing £3 
vouchers at the previous meeting. 
They also issued a press release 
saying that the Silver Ring would 
be closed, and were surprised 
when neither of the racing dailies 
printed the news. 77tc fact re- 
mains. though, that the usual 
order of precedent in sport was 
religiously adhered to: corporate 
diems first. Underdog Spectator 


Released from the suffocating 
restraints of Cabinet membership, 
Leon Britan has articulated the 
view of many of his ministerial 
and backbench colleagues in his 
speech on South Africa. It is not 
just his loyalty to Sir Geoffrey 
Howe which has prompted his 
antidpation of the Foreign 
Secretary’s dilemma; loyalty to the 
liberal tradition of the Conser- 
vative Party, is equally a pari of 
his welcome message. 

Post-war Conservatism, articu- 
lated through “the wind of 
change", demands no less than a 
marriage between practical poli- 
tics and humanitarian concern. 
Thus Leon Brittan called not just 
for "sanctions" as a media hype, 
but for action of some sort in 
concerted alliance with our part- 
ners in the EEC and our friends in 
the Commonwealth. 

I have neither spoken to Leon 
Brittan, nor can I guess whether 
my assessment of his motive is 
correct, but his loyalty to Geoffrey 
Howe is also to the Foreign 

In 1849 Karl Marx came to live in 
England, and before long the 
British Museum was his habitual 
place of work. There he may quite 
often have noticed another mature 
student, nearly twenty years bis 
senior, who was a trustee of the 
Museum and one of the great 
•“lines in literature at the time: 

.omas Babington Macaulay. 

Marx was a figure of some 
notoriety among politically 
minded Continentals, the Com- 
munist Manifesto having ap- 
peared in 1848. But in Britain be 
was virtually unknown, as he was 
to remain until some years after 
his death in 1883. (The brief 
obituary in The Times took the 
form of a message from the 
paper's Paris correspondent, and 
was based on reports in the French 
socialist press). 

Macaulay had been a celebrity 
since be came down from Cam- 
bridge. He became famous over- 
night when the Edinburgh Review 
published his essay on Milton in 
August 1825. The first collection 
of his essays had a six-figure rale 
within a generation, as did his 
Lays of Ancient Rome. The first 
two volumes of his History oi 
England went through five edi- 
tions in as many months, and later 
volumes of the (unfinished) work 
sold equally well, if not better. No 
previous historian had reached 
such a vast public. 

When he died in 1859 his 
reputation continued to grow. In 
1864 a "people's edition" of the 
History appeared, and within the 
next four decades the work was 
translated into French (by Gui- 
zot), Russian. German. Czech, 
Danish. Dutch. Finnish. Greek, 
Hungarian. Polish and Spanish. 
There were also innumerable edi- 
tions of his . essays, poems, 
speeches, and other miscellaneous 

Mara was a more prolific writer 
than Macaulay, not because he 
wrote more easily, but because his 
life was largely devoted to study 
and theoretical exposition, where- 
as much of Macaulay's was di- 
vided between literature and 
politics. Yet it was a long time 
before Mara’s writings achieved 
anything like the impact of 
Macaulay's. Before Das Kapital 
bis books were (Isaiah Beilin tells 
us) "passed over in silence even in 
German-speaking countries": and 
Das Kapital itself had a more 
limited readership than Mac- 
aulay’s History until, with the 
Russian revolution, it acquired 
biblical status. 

First published in German, h 
also appeared in French, Russian 
and Italian editions during Marx's 
lifetime, though it did not appear 
in English until four years after his 
death. But most of Mara's works 
remained out of print until the 
1920s. when the pious tads of 
reproducing the entire canon was 
begun by the Marx-Engels-Lenin 
Institute in Berlin. After Hitler 
came to power the Institute for 
Marxism-Leninism in Moscow 
(already working in parallel with 
the German institute) became the 
unrivalled source for the new 
scriptures, and under its inspira- 
tion they have flooded the world 
in almost every language, includ- 
ing the multi-volume English 
edition translated by Lawrence 
and WisharL 

While Mara's stock has been 
rising, Macaulay's has slumped. 
For more than half a century there 
have been very few new editions 
of his work, and very little has 
been written about him. The 
beautiful illustrated six-volume 
set of the History, edited by Sir 
Charles Firth and published by 
Macmillan in 1913. has long been 
out of print Today the History can 
be obtained first-hand only in a 
badly printed three-volume 
Everyman edition, or in Penguin's 

by Robert Adley 

Secretary's deep concern for his 
follow men, appreciated fry those 
who know him, political friends 
and opponents alike. It is an 
understandable wish to ensure 
that he is not sent up the creek 
without a paddle and then brought 
home without a canoe. The double 
mission, first to the front-tine 
states, and soon to South Africa 
itself, might almost be labelled 
"mission impossible”. It is with an 
eye on his eventual return from 
the second stage that caused Leon 
Brittau to make his speech. 

What fete awaits Geoffrey 
Howe if he fells to end apartheid 
"at a stroke’’? Already the 
Commonwealth, agreeing to the 
establishment of the Eminent 
Piersons Group, awaits its next 
turn. Now foe EEC at Mrs 
Thatcher’s behest, awaits events. 

The Foreign Office is the next in 
line to have its views tested 
against the unyielding reality of 

Pretoria and foe equally unyield- 
ing refusal of the Prime Minister 
to be bounced into taking action 
which she believes to be futile. 
Those of us in foe Conservative 
Party who support the gov- 
ernment's stated policy of seeking 
fundamental change in South 
Africa doubt the wisdom of what 
we see as the two extremes of 
policy, namely sanctions at any 
cost or no sanctions at any cost 
The Prime Minister surely put 
an important emphasis on the 
point that sanctions would most 
.likely harm those we are trying to 
help. If those who lose noopportu- 
nity to castigate her would mo- 
mentarily stop and listen to what 
they themselves are saying they 
would recognize the contradiction 
in their own words. I£ as they 
proclaim, she is Botha's only 
friend, then she, above all others, 
is likely to be listened to and 
heeded. That justifies the Foreign 
Secretary’s mission. 

John Grigg blames the degeneration of 
history teaching for the neglect of Britain’s 
most readable and exciting historian 

Why elevate 
Marx and not 

abridged version edited by Hugh 

As for the essays, they too (or 
most of (hem) are published in 
hardback by Everyman. But there 
is no paperback edition of them at 
all This must be regarded as one 
of foe strangest and most scan- 
dalous omissions in contemporary 
publishing. Few. if any, of foe 
hundreds of historical works that 
appear in paperback every year are 
of remote comparable merit. Most 
are pathetically inferior. 

Of all Macaulay's works, his 
biographical essays are the most 
brilliant and compulsively read- 
able. For many in my genera- 
tion — as in my father’s, grand- 
father's and great-grandfather's — 
they provided the first thrilling 
introduction to history. One may 
smile at foe author's remark (in 
the essay on Clive) that "every 
schoolboy knows who imprisoned 
Montezuma, and who strangled 
Atahualpa". Even Victorian 
schoolchildren were hardly up to 
that standard. But one almost has 
to weep when faced with the feet 
that, today, most even of those 
doing History A-levels are un- 
likely to have read Macaulay's 

The stupendous dissemination 

of Marx's works, and foe shameful 
neglect of Macaulay's, have little 
to do with the literary merits of 
either man. Marx was. indeed, 
capable of writing very power- 
fully. Edmund Wilson (no ideo- 
logical disciple) describes him as 
"one of foe great masters of satire” 
and "certainly foe greatest ironist 
since Swift": compliments which, 
though perhaps exaggerated, can- 
not be dismissed as absurd. But 
however good some of Mara's 
writing may be, large parts of it are 
unbearably tedious and turgid. 
Macaulay's writing, on foe other 
hand is always clear and seldom, if 
ever, boring. 

No doubt Marx had the more 
original mind, and in some re- 
spects a wider historical range. 
Macaulay does not propound a 
new theory of history or take 
much interest in the economic 
side of human affairs. But foe 
novelty of a theory is surely less 
important than whether or not it is 
true: and. if Marx shows more 
vision than Macaulay about the 
role of economics in history. 
Macaulay shows more under- 
standing in other ways. 

Moreover, some of foe faults 
imputed to Macaulay — not least 
by Marx himself — are more justly 

The truth, however, is that those 
in charge in Pretoria have long 
since ceased to listen to anyone 
whose views they do not share. 

They will neither like nor heed the 

message t ha t Geoffrey Howe 
brings from foe EEC 12. Brittan 
knows this only too weft; he 
foresees the pitfells feeing the 
Foreign Secretary when he re- 
turns. What nobody knows is 
where we shall go from there. _ 
The perception of the Prime 
Minister’s view is foal with her in 
charge we may not go too far. We 
must go somewhere, and Leon 
Brittan wants to ensure that the 
way towards further action against 
foe apartheid regime is not 
blocked by total intransigence. 
The prospect ofGeoffrey Howe’s 
bead being banged against Mar- 
garet Thatcher’s perceived brick 
wall is bad for heads, and Leon 
Brittan is a friend of Geoffrey 
Howe. That, 1 believe, is why he 
made foe speech. 

The author is Conservative MP far 
Christchurch, Dorset. 

attributable to Mara. Mara had 
the nerve to describe Macaulay as 
"a systematic falsifier of history", 
and said that he "falsified English 
history in the Whig and bourgeois 
interest". It cannot be denied that 
he was, at times, guilty of partisan 
injustice to individuals, or foal he 
was capable of abusing history for 
polemical purposes- But Mara 
does nothing else. His interest in 
history is invariably determined 
by the need to buttress and justify 
his own system. 

Macaulay had robust prejudices 
but. unlike Marx, could often 
appreciate the virtues of people 
whose views he rejected — as he 
does m A Jacobi ids Epitaph. 

Mara's relentless dogmatism 
and bloody-mindedness towards 
opponents may have helped him 
to found a cult, but do not make 
him foe more admirable man or. 
certainly, foe better historian. 

Another advantage that Macau- 
lay has over Marx is that he knew 
about politics from the inside. 
Even if he had written no history 
at all he would be remembered for 
foe history he made, above all in 
India. During his three years there 
(I834-J7) he introduced a new 
legal code which a leading Indian 
nationalist historian. K. M. Pan- 
ikkar. rates the most beneficial 
legacy of the British Raj. More 
controversially, by foe policy 
resulting from his Education 
Minute, he made English foe 
language of the Indian elite: on 
any view a momentous develop- 
ment, and one which, though 
condemned by most Indian patri- 
ots during the independence strug- 
gle, may in time come to seem 
ever more of a blessing to India. 

At home Macaulay served for 
some time as a Whig-Liberal MP. 
and briefly as a Cabinet minister 
under Melbourne. This experi- 
ence. too. was valuable to him as 
an historian, even though it had 
the effect of delaying work on his 

Why is Macaulay so deplorably 
neglected? One reason is that foe 
liberal philosophy of which he was 
an outstanding embodiment and 
spokesman has been caught, in the 
modern world, between revolu- 
tionary dociines of foe left and 
anti-progressive or obscurantist 
doctrines of the right He believed 
in rational reform, and thought 
that England had a special ap- 
titude for it In the Milton essay 
that made his name he praises the 
poei for attacking "those deeply 
seated errors on which almost all 
abuses are founded, the servile 
worship of eminent men and foe 
irrational dread of innovation." 
Those abuses have been all too 
evident in the 20th century and 
Macaulay's reputation must have 
suffered from foe climate in which 
they have flourished. 

But there is another and even 
more depressing explanation. De- 
spite his lapses into partisanship, 
Macaulay was on the whole 
interested in foe past for its own 
sake, and he also wrote about it in 
a grand perspective. Nowadays 
the study of history seems largely 
confined to those who use it as 
ammunition for their own ideol- 
ogies, or who approach it only as 
narrow specialists. To both cate- 
gories Macaulay is uncongenial. 

The degeneration of history as a 
subject has resulted in a growing 
ignorance of the past Macaulay 
may have credited foe schoolboys 
of his day with more historical 
knowledge than they possessed, 
but he could confidently assume a 
good basis of such knowledge 
among foe thousands of educated 
adults who read his work, and 
more especially among foe leaders 
of foe countiy. Today foe leaders 
of most nations are historically 
illiterate. The neglect of Macaulay 
is one symptom among many of 
grave cultural decline. 

Drugs: Moscow’s tardy admission 

‘The other guests? The Waltons 
you've met. foe B uchans are 
in publishing and there's a couple 
who spy fbr East Germany” 

Six tough men from the narcotics 
squad peer from their helicopterat 
the sun-baked fields below. They 
know from experience to expect a 
fight when they raid foe planta- 
tions of criminals who grow 
poppies for the illicit drug 
trade . . . 

Not an episode of Miami Vice 
but an eye-witness account by an 
fzvcsiiya reporter of an operation 
in Soviet Central Asia which also 
involved mounted and foot pa- 
trols in the valleys of foe 
Amudarya river and roadblocks 
set up by the highway police: 

A two-acre plot almost ready 
for harvesting, had been planted 
cariv, in the hope of reaping a fei 
profit — as much as 100.000 rou- 
bles — before foe season brought 
its usual crop of police raids. This 
time the growers were caught red- 
handed: police found foe chair- 
man of the local executive 
committee busy scything foe pop- 
pies in his own private plot 

Villagers assured foe police that 
foe two-aerc plantation belonged 

to a 96-ycar-old man who grew the 
poppies for his own needs: “My 
teeth ache and my hands hurt”, he 
said. “I have to cure myself." 
Blaming foe oldest member of foe 
family is the usual practice, in the 
hope that he will be less severely 

Drug addiction is now new in 
the USSR, but appears to be on a 
much smaller scale than in foe 
United States and other Western 
countries. However, until Mikhail 
Gorbachov reorganized the cen- 
sors. the problem went un- 
disclosed in the party-controlled 
media apart from an occasional 
cryptic reference — as when Zarya 
Vostnka, foe party newspaper "in. 
Georgia, wrote in the 1980s of the 
need to expand compulsory treat- 
ment centres. 

Soviet conscripts in Afghani- 
stan are believed to barter rifles 
and ammunition for hashish to 
compensate for the shortage of 
vodka, but it is clearly not just a 
few returning soldiers who have 
become addicted. 

In Gorbachov's home territory 
of Stavropol, and its neighbouring 
province of Krasnodar, the num- 
ber of registered drug addicts is 
significantly higher than in 
surrounding areas which do not 
grow hemp. Izrcstiya suggests that 
foe culture of hemp (needed to 
make ropes for foe Soviet navy) 
should be concentrated in a few 
districts, with watch towers to 
prevent illegal harvesting. 

But in pans of Soviet Central 
Asia, hemp grows wild, and 
measures taken to wipe it out have 
proved incffcctive.The drug deal- 
ers. known as "botanists", hide in 
thickets during the day. and at 
nightfall try to smuggle their haul 
past foe police into the towns. 

The Isvcstiya reporter described 
how police captured two pot- 
smoking smugglers with large 
packs of hashish. Another patroL 
working with sniffer dogs on 
trains, discovered a passenger 
with 20 lb of hashish in his 
luggage. In a Moscow clinic he saw 

a 19 -ycar old girl, prematurely 
aged by heroin. He quoted a Min- 
istry of Health official as saying, 
that an increasing number of 
young people were becoming ad- 
dicts: they were "lost to society" 
driven to crime and seldom living 
beyond their thirties. 

Glue sniffing is another growing 
danger among Soviet children. 
Whole groups have killed them- 
selves by breathing chemical 
fumes. The reporter concludes: 
“Wc arc badly prepared for foe 
fight against such an evil as drug 

Yet the very feci that the Soviet 
authorities have now broken their 
silence is a step in foe right 
direction. Drug addiction. like 
venereal diseases and Aids, used 
to be classed as an affliction of 
capitalist society. Now that it is 
official that the Soviet Union is 
not immune, international co- 
operation should be easier. 

Iain Elliot 

Whatever Tom King, foe North- 
ern Ireland Secretary, and other 
ministers may say. foe Hills- 
borough agreement does threaten 
the status of Northern Ireland as 
part of the United Kingdom: 
chiefly because foe all-party sup- 
port at Westminster is based on 
conflicting interpretations. Mrs 
Thatcher declares that it re- 
inforces foe Union. The Labour 
Party supports ft on the ground 
that it has breached British sov- 
ereignty in the province and 
established the machinery which a 
Labour government could use to 
manipulate foe province out of the 
UK and into the Republic. 

The Unionist parties are not 
alone in opposing such an out- 
come. Thousands of Northern 
Ireland Catholics, myself in- 
cluded, do not want ft eifoec. 

The obvious duplicity within 
"the' will of foe sovereign 
Parliament" outweighs all Mrs 
Thatcher’s assurances. Her in- 
tentions hold good as government 
policy for this year and next. But it 
is possible that two years hence a 
government with contrary in- 
tentions will be operating the 
agreement in harmony with Dub- 
lin nationalism. 

Unionist leaders are called liars 
fbr interpreting the agreement as 
foe Labour Party does. As a result, 
foe Unionists are enraged. The 
incompetence of their leadens, 
who are unduly anxious to be seen 
as "moderates”, causes the growth 
of organizations among them 
which prepare for war. 

Once again a government at 
■Westminster Is demanding that 
Unionist MPs be "moderate^, Le^ 
compliant on the groundless 
assumption that this will make the 
people compliant But foe Ulster 
Protestants are one of foe most 
individualistic peoples in the 
world, and nothing is more certain 
than that if their leaders comply 
with governing arrangements 
which they . reject they will take 
their fete into their own hands. 

The common source of Union- 
ist political incompetence, of a 
suspicious intransigence that 
would reject a less dangerous 
connection with the Republic than 
foe Hillsborough agreement and 
of the ineradicably sectarian struc- 
ture of politics in Northern Ire- 
land, is not so much foe 
imposition 65 years ago of a 
devolved government that no- 
body in foe province wanted as foe 
exclusion of the province from foe 
party politics of the state. 

Mrs Thatcher said in a recent 
BEK? interview (Radio 4, April 27) 
that “everyone in Northern Ireland 
has the same right to vote for a 
Member of Parliament as we have 
in the rest of the UK. ” That is true 
only superficially. Parliamentary 
politics has been party politics for 
300 years. Britain is politically. 

and culturally to' a constderabk’ 
extent, what it has become 
through foe operation of foe great 
parties of state since the time of. 
Queen Anne. A constituency de- 
nied parliamentary representation, 
through foe great parties of state is ' 
in effect disfranchised. - . . 

Northern Ireland has been at; 
lowed to remain within- foe states 
since 1921 on foe condition <jf 
being excluded from foe politics oC 
the state. Elections in the province: 
are about whether to remaih- 
within the UK. The British party- 
boycott ensures that- Norfoent; 
Ireland politics cannot be national 
politics. Furthermore, . Ulster. 
Unionists have' been exhorted to' 

• support foe Hillsborough agrees 
ment as a sheer act of obedience toP 
the will of a Parliament ; from 
whose party-political substance 
they are excluded. ' _ 

The political and social coq— 
sequences of this political vacuum 
are various and far-reaching. Tfap: 
party leaders exhort foe. people 
Northern Ireland to “recon- 
ciliation”, but they withhold the; 
medium within - which ' recoup 
filiati on might occur elections? 
in which people might vote;, 
according to class outlook or 
social disposition, for parties., 
which are in contention to form, 
the government and not; as .af 
present, principally on religious' 
lines. Anything less than foat is^ 
make-believe politics. Stormont: 
was make-believe in great part-. 
Any new devolved le g i sl a tu re vyiJL. 
be entirely make-believe. ... 7- 

Do not think Z am putting a case' 
for "integration" and against 
devolution. That dispute is a rea - 
herring. Devolution within the 
politics of the stale would be 
infinitely preferable to "rates 
gration" (whatever it be). wiihout 
foe politics of the stale. The 
essential thing is the right to vote 
for, and be represented through, 
foe national parties. 

The Unionists are slowly begin- 
ning to realize this. And once : 
realization dawns,, the abstract- 
injustice and concrete political' 
damage of the party boycott are 
deeply felt and people wonder 
why' the 'party leaders are so' 
insistent that foe province must? 

■ continue to be excluded from the 
politics of foe state: I have only 
been able to suggest one reason: 
that . Northern Ireland policy is 
viewed in. Westminster as foittign 
policy towards foe Republic, and - 
foe Republic inrists that . thef 
Catholics in Northern . Ireland j 
must continue to be deprived of' 
any effective alternative to the: 
nationalist parties. *- 

Brendan Clifford - is editor of 
Workers* Weekly and author qfc. 
Parliamentary Sovereignty & 
Northern Irdandzaad Parliam- 
entary Despotism: John Hume's - 
Aspiration (Athol Books/. 

Philip Howard 

• . • 

Kirting some 
basic issues 

I Wappineer, Wappioger an inhab- 
itant of Wapping. Old words, 
going back to the 17th century and 
usually derogatory. In OHa Po- 
drida Richard Home recorded an 
example from before 1792: 
"Whilst a Wappineer, a Milender, 
and a Boroughman. are terms 
proverbially used, about the Ex- 
change. to express an inferior 
order of beings." Human nature 
being what it is (nasty), we all tend 
to get rude labels attached to ns. 
For five years 1 was traduced as a 
Tug. usually with "dirty little” 
suffixed to II Tug is an Angliciza- 
tion of Togatus. a chap wearing a 
gown, sc an odious little swot and 
a prig of a scholarship boy with no 
money and from a doubtful social 

Being a hardened and shameless 
Wappineer, I sympathize with 
those who are lumbered with 
irrelevant labels, usually to do 
with race or gender. The National 
Union of Journalists is trying to • 
enforce a code to ban irrelevant 
epithets and labels. The question 
arises, fbr example, with rape and 
other crimes. Is it relevant to 
report that the rapist was black, or 
white or Irish? Or is it racism? Is 
it relevant lo report thegenderofa 
woman appointed to an important 
post? Or is ft patronizing? I think 
foal in some instances, for in- 
stance the appointment of the first 
female regius professor or the first 
woman prime minister, her gender 
is relevant and newsworthy. When 
the post is not so exposed, and 
other women have held ft before, 
it may be unnecessary to draw 
attention to the gender of its new 
holder. The sensitive scribbler can 
simply let the Christian name 
imply her gender. 

To describe Jane Austen as one 
of the greatest women novelists is 
to deploy. an otiose epithet since 
she was one of the greatest, 
novelists irrespective of gender. I 
suppose you might call George 
Eliot the greatest woman novelist 
for the benefit of those who do not' 
know that her real name was Mary 
Ann (later Marian) Evans. But I 
am not sure what such ignore 
amuses are doing reading such a 
piece anyway. 1 should describe 
her as the greatest novelist tout 
court, and let ignorant readers take 
their chance. To describe some- 
body as "the greatest woman 
violinist of our day" serves, like 
most labels, to discourage thought 
It diminishes her achievements by 
enclosing them in a ghetto, and . 
avoids foe question of whether she 
may not be one of the finest living 

I think that it is relevant to 
describe somebody as the first 

black cabinet minister because it is 
news, and as triumphant a day as 
the first woman prime minister.-. 
But to call somebody "one of the 
nation's leading black phit 
osophers” may be racist, and « 
ambiguous. Do you mean: one of 
the nation's leading authorities on ! 
black philosophy; a black who is 

CMs worms, 

one of the nation's leading philos- 
ophers; or. a leader among the 
nation's philosophers, who are; 
black? Kindly rephrase your sen-’ 
fence, and make sure that you 
have not put in the black ifc. 
convey subliminal Whitey -sur- 
' prise that blacks study-philosophy/ 
These are nice matters of news' 
judgement precision, and inteflW- 
gence. Good writers will get them 
right The roaring gutter press wlll : 
continue to tie racist sexist- 
chauvinist and a disgrace, to.- 
mankind. We must educate,. bufc 
not censor, the pitiful rascals. 

Education, intelligence, and wit 
are foe way forward. Rules can be 
counterproductive. My friend al : 
foe University of California lias 
sent me the campus booklet cut ' 
sexual harassment which is; des- 
perately worthy. "Sexual harass : 
ment can be as blatant as the offer: 
of an A for sexual favours". So 
what do I have to do for a Beta . 
Plus? "... as subtle as constant'' 
efforts to change a professional 
relationship into a personal, soefer 
one; persistent and offensive per-' 
sonal jokes and comments: un£ 
wanted physical contact such asv 
patting or pinching." Or punch-- ' 
ing? Harleen McAda has been? 
appointed . Umveirity Grievance? . 

Officer forSexuai HarassmenL To' 
which I say Gosh. Of course we'- . 
must advance. But 1 think that we- • 
shaft advance fester by wit than by: 
rage, in the same • way.? that- • 
opponents of blood : sports jflo’J 
better, by mockery than violence? . 
Sexism isn’t wharit used tdbe. 



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2EL ew T» l . fllis week have 

Heightened the political areu- 
J 16 "! 0v , er sanctions against 
South Africa. The first is the 
Hostile treatment accorded to 
Jr Geoffrey Howe by Presi- 
dent Ka unda of Zambia and 
5™ e Minister Mugabe of 
Zimbabwe. The second is the 
withdrawal of Nigeria. Ghana 
and Uganda from the 
commonwealth games. These 
events are seen as trailers for a 
turbulent 'Commonwealth 
Prime Minister’s Conference, 
ending with the withdrawal of 
several nations and perhaps 
with the break-up of the 
international organisation. 

'These high stakes have 
intensified the domestic politi- 
cal argument After several 
weeks in which the 
Government’s policy has been 
incessantly denounced as rac- 
ist, heartless and immoral, the 
Prime Minister replied to her 
critics in several interviews in 
which she questioned whether 
it was really moral for 
comfortable and well-fed peo- 
ple to cause unemployment 
and hardship among poor 
black workers in South Africa. 
That was the cue for her critics 
to. denounce Mrs Thatcher for 
heartless moralising. 

Such a counter-attack was 
doubtless expected — but the 
speech by Mr Leon Brittan 
must have been an unpleasant 
surprise. He accepted much of 
the Government’s case about 
the moral perversity and prac- 
tical ineffectiveness of sanc- 
tions. But he concluded by 
arguing - .and the damp 
fingerprints of the Foreign 
Office arc all over this logic — 
that if diplomacy foiled, then 
Britain should be ready to 
have recourse to “stronger 

What are we to make of 
these shifts? Mrs Thatcher’s 
motives are fairly transparent 
She clearly felt it necessary to 
rebut her critics and, if pos- 
sible. to capture the moral high 
ground from which Ministers 
were being fired upon. More- 
over, her stress on the im- 
morality of sanctions is . 

conceded by very determined 
critics to possess some weight 

It is admitted by them that 
sanctions will not bring South 
Africa to its knees - certainly 
for many years, perhaps for the 
foreseeable future; that they 
will cause such hardship in a 
country without social security 
that innocent black people, 
including women and chil- 
dren, will starve; and that the 
creation of a siege economy 
there will impoverish 
surrounding states. 

When these consequences 
are pointed out, the reply is 
made that most black leaders, 
in South Africa and in the 
front-line states, are neverthe- 
less prepared to make these 
sacrifices. That may well be so. 
But there are many ami- 
apartheid campaigners of long- 
standing, like Mrs Helen 
Suzman and Mr Alan Paton, 
who oppose sanctions. The 
black leaders calling for them 
— most of whom are not 
subject to democratic 
accountability — are demand- 
ing vicarious sacrifices since 
they do not expect to suffer 
unemployment and hardship 
themselves. Some of the black 
workers who would be making 
the sacrifices are prepared to 
do precisely because they have 
been falsely assured that sanc- 
tions would bring South Africa 
to its knees. And, finally, if the 
British government is to em- 
bark upon a policy that would 
kill black children without 
achieving its aims, itrequiresa 
betterjustification fordoing so 
than that other people believe 
it to be morally required. 

Mr Brittan apparently ac- 
cepts this case. He would only 
employ such perverse weapons 
either in order to add force to 
more peaceful diplomatic 
methods or as a final resort 
when diplomacy had foiled. 
But there is snag in even so 
moderate an argument. If it 
makes no sense to impose 
measures which would only 
inconvenience Pretoria but se- 
verely harm black interests 
today, why does it suddenly 
become sensible to do so when 

diplomatic methods have 
failed? And if the aim of 
British diplomacy is to per- 
suade Pretoria to dismantle 
apartheid gradually, which it 
is, why should the failure of 
that diplomacy persuade the 
British government to adopt a 
policy of which the most likely 
result is to drive the Afrikaners 
into a repressive laager? . 

The fact is that, as a policy 
designed to encourage reform 
in South Africa, “diplomacy or 
sanctions” makes no sense at 
all. Sanctions are a bad and 
foolish policy per sc and they 
do not suddenly become a 
virtuous and wise one because 
the Botha government refuses 
to make concessions. But they 
can be justified up to a point 
. by arguments of naked, amoral 
British self-interest. 

To adopt comprehensive 
sanctions might still domestic 
clamour, appease the indigna- 
tion of Commonwealth Prime 
Ministers, remove any threat 
to British trade in India, black 
Africa and elsewhere, lift the 
opprobrium of being regarded 
(however absurdly) as the sole 
friend of a despised regime, 
and permit us to enjoy the 
glow of moral self-approbation 
at having “taken a stand” 
against apartheid. These are 
arguments which move gov- 
ernments, even when they 
cannot acknowledge the fact, 
and they may yet move Mrs 
Thatcher away from her oppo- 
sition to sanctions. 

But newspapers exist, 
among other reasons, to tell 
the truth about such calcula- 
tions. Not only would the cost 
of such raison d'etai include 
the deaths of black children, 
but its gains would be tem- 
porary since, when sanctions 
foiled to topple the white 
government, a similar clamour 
would grow to demand their 
enforcement by a naval block- 
ade. A week is a long time in 
politics — but the period in 
which British governments 
would have to live with the 
evil consequences of sanctions 
would seem eternal. 


In -six years of activity the 
Peruvian guerilla movement 
Senderd Luminoso has shown 
itself to be the bloodiesAnd 
least tractable subversion in 
the Americas. A movement 
that began its violent activities 
with Peru’s return to civilian 
rule in 1980, it saw no reason 
to pause when President Alan 
Garda succeeded Fernando 
Belaunde last year, and this 
year’s assassinations and sabo- 
tage brought greater pressure 
on the government for more 
rigorous security measures. 

Indifferent to popularity, 
which it neither seeks nor 
enjoys, it is more than usually 
iinpenetrable to intelligence. 
The Peruvian army in the East 
has too frequently tried to 
make up with brute force what 
it lacks in information. On 
coming into office. President 
Garda sacked a number of 
generals in an attempt to assert 
his control over counter-insur- 
gency operations. But the lim- 
its of this control were exposed 
when three prison mutinies 
were put down by the Repub- 
lican Guard, supported by 
other units; on June 19. At 
least 156 prisoners died - that 
being the military’s figure. 

No one can condone such 

of the profoundest and least 
doctrinaire of Peruvian an- 
alysts, the novalist Mario Var- 
gas Llosa, it* was “more a 
settling of accounts with an 
enemy than an operation 
whose objective was to re- 
establish order”. Others have 

return to military rule that 
offers a solution to Peru’s 
grievous problems. 

Peru is perhaps the most 
presidential and the least 
experienced of Latin-Ameri- 
can democracies, and Alan 
Garcia will have to pay for his 

however rushed to judgments share in the responsibility with 
and predictions that are less diminished prestige and 


Willy Brandt returned from 
the meeting of Socialist Inter- 
national declaring Peru in 
imminent danger of a coup, 
and others have seized on 
events to herald the end of a 
cycle of superficial democ- 
ratization not only in Peni but 
in the rest of Latin America as 
well. They picture a region of 
endemic militarism where 
civilian control is no more 
than a fig-leaf. 

Neither conclusion is jus- 
tified. The Peruvian Minister 
of War declared on Thursday 
that there would be no coup. 
The essentially military crimes 
of July 1 9, not only provide no 
conceivable justification for 
such a move, but as they have 
weakened military prestige 
and provided Sendero with 
martyrs, they should 
strengthen the conviction that 
it is not unrestrained force or a 

i’lU Ul« c 

bloodshed. In the words of one 

birthday of a concept 

authority. But his popularity 
has not disappeared overnight, 
and it can still be hoped that be 
will live up to his own words as 
“the democracy that commits 
errors and excesses, is a 
democracy that knows how to 
condemn them and avoid 

These are critical years for 
the armed forces of the area. 
The nations of Latin America 
require armies for reasons 
familiar enough throughout 
the world. In the last resort 
they must guarantee law and 
order in societies which are 
undergoing rapid social 
change; often in appalling 
economic circumstances. 

But the true way forward is 
not through civil-military 
confrontation, which revolu- 
tionaries are always happy to 
provoke. It is in part through 
better armies and better police, 
under democratic civilian con- 

Brent Cross - a name which 
has come to symbolise the 
consumer society in car-own- 
ing, TV-watching, wino-dnnjc- 
fng, mortgage-paying, credit 
card postwar Bn tain is 10 
years old tomorrow Morns 
dancers, “ethnic dancers , 

Tottenham Hotspurs, hot air 
balloons and a competmon for 
the capital’s worst-dressea 

man will celebrate its b.r^y 

in what foreigners will regard 
£ inimitably Anglo-Saxon 

S °Yet the most surprising 
thing is not perhaps that a 
decade has ^wingdoub'iTove^e future 

inception, but that Brent inner cilies themselves. 

itself has largely proved m,m- 

permission to build. The ac- 
tual construction took only 
three and the complex opened 
in 1976, with its 86 shops and 
parking space for 5,000 cars. 

But of the six originally 
planned to ring London, only 
this one has leapt from the 
drawing board. The others fell 
victim to a change of mind in 
the capital. This was caused 
partly by pressure from 
surburban towns like Kings- 
ton, which protested that their 
own shopping centres would 
be ruined by the construction 
of a purpose-built complex 
down the road; and partly by 

of the inner cities themselves. 
It was urban renewal, not 
suburban renewal, that Lon- 
don really needed. 

What saved Brent Cross was 
its position near the North 
Circular Road, far enough 
from Watford and positioned 
a kind of no-man’s land 
was areuablv worth 



^yc°on y »fbujlding 

Scandinavia, was ma wMch ^ arguably worm uuuuc. eunousiy, mere 

an satellites j would create developing in its own nght. Il are old villages in London 
laaieric field for city owen n successful in where such traders still exist, 

Attracting tbe^^y fr ^ d conse quence, its big stores like more successfully than in 
entres like the West End “A Lewjs and Fenwicks, manycoumytowns. But their 

c Marks and Spencer and C& A, numbers annually shrink and a 

helping to draw an estimated standard of service goes with 
750,000 shoppers a year. The them. 

Whether new large shopping 
precincts are what this country 
needs is another matter. Rents 
and rates tend to be geared to 
the large . chain stores and 
multiples whose stranglehold 
on the country’s High Streets 
should already cause concern. 
In no other country in Europe 
have these so overwhelmed 
the small shopkeeper, destroy- 
ing the character of town 
centres and, in the end, limit- 
ing choice. 

What . consumers arguably 
want is the return of the 
haberdasher selling buttons 
and yards of pink ribbon, and 
ironmongers smelling of old 
rope and metal. The butcher, 
the baker and the candlemaker 
are disappearing :with their 
leases as landlords seek more 
and more money. With them 
go the shopkeepers who would 
in their day spend ten minutes 
searching for the right-sized 
screw and charge twopence for 
their trouble. Curiously, there 

with their 
and frac - 



ioisy, smelly cars 
ions children. r or Brent 
A site was found ;t 


Hospital funding 
in the provinces 

From Professor M. J. S. Longman 
Sir. Sir Reginald Muriey (July 3) 
asserts with surgical bravado that 
there was never any justification 
for redistribution of funds to the 
provinces, and joined with other 
London consultants in saying so, 
whilst employing the interesting 
argument that provincial costs are 
lower because death rates are 
higher. Professor Ivor Mills also 
claims (July 4) that the Cambridge 
clinical medical school has been 
fairly disadvantaged. 

Matters look rather different 
from the Midlands, where under- 
funding is associated with intense 
clinical activity. The University 
Hospital, Nottingham, and the 
Leicester Royal Infirmary, with 
the John Radcliffe Hospital, have 
the lowest cost per case treated 
amongst all the provincial teach- 
ing hospitals (substantially below 
£700; the London teaching av- 
erage is over £1,000) and the 
shonest length of hospital stay 
(the London teaching average is 40 
per cent longer than ours). 

. In Nottingham our average out- 
patient cost is £90 per new case 
(London average, £157). Our ratio 
of new cases to old cases seen is 
higher than at any teaching hos- 
pital (except St Mary's), and our 
accident case. cost is the lowest in 
the country. 

The claim is made for London 
that cases taken from elsewhere 
are unduly burdensome. Maybe 
so, but in four mainline disciplines 
(medicine; surgery, paediatrics 
and gynaecology) Nottingham 
cares for virtually every individual 
from its own district needing 
treatment, and an extra 23 per 
cent from outside districts. 

Because we have very busy and 
under-funded medical services, 
our academic clinical staff carry 
an unusually large part of the NHS 
service work. Professor Mills may 
feel that the Cambridge clinical- 
teaching school has been unfairly 
treated, but university statistics 
show that in 1983/84 Cambridge 
enjoyed a better staff to student 
ratio than any English medical 
school, except Oxford and could 
deploy nearly twice as many staff 
in relation to student numbers as 
we could 

We think our clinical and 
academic standards compare well 
with those of others*, and can only 
guess at the benefits which fair 
financial treatment might bring. 
At the least, wand closures could 
be reversed, academics could have 
proper time for academic work 
and enough consultants be ap- 
pointed to cope with some lengthy 
waiting lists. 

Yours faithfully, , 

University of Nottingham. 
Department of Therapeutics, 
University Hospital Nottingham. 

Bishop and the basis of belief 

Wfddicombe report 

From the Leader of Westminster 
City Council 

Sir, While I welcome the 
Widdicombe report (details. June 
20) there must be strong doubt 
whether its recommendations are 
sufficiently far-reaching to give 
ratepayers the protection they 
need. The report says that the only 
way to stop those determined to 
undermine the democratic process 
is through the ballot box. This is 
small comfort for ratepayers who 
are regularly outvoted by the 
legions who do not pay rates. 

I recognise that the Govern- 
ment wishes to have extensive 
consultation on the report but 
some of the recommendations are 
by no means controversial: 
preventing senior officers of a 
council being members of another; 
producing controls to stop non- 
elected party committee members 
taking over effective local author- 
ity decision-taking; and giving the 
Audit Commission power to inter- 
vene before ratepayers have lost 
money through unlawful action. 

These are simple matters for 
legislation. They would be gen- 
erally acceptable to all except the 
hard left and would provide some 
immediate comfort for ratepayers 
while the larger implications of the 
study are being considered. 

Yours sincerely. 


Westminster City Hall 
Victoria Street, SWI. 

From Mr Gai Eaton 
Sir, It may seem a trifle imperti- 
nent for a Muslim to intervene in 
the delicate problems of the 
Church of England, but there are 
occasions when the outsider is 
tempted to comment. 

May I suggest that the most 
interesting question regarding the 
Bishop of Durham's speech to the 
Synod (reported in your issue of 
July 7) relates less to what he is 
unable to believe than to what he 
does in fact believe? When some- 
one confesses that he has difficulty 
in believing this or that, one is 
entitled to ask in terms of what 
personal convictions he finds 
“this** or “that” unbelievable. 

It is, surely. legitimate for 
people of faith to maintain that 
the convictions which dominate 
today’s secular world and which 
contradict the principles of Islam 
as they do those of Christianity are 
grave errors, rooted in atheist or 
agnostic “philosophies” of the 
I8lh and 1 9th centuries. The 
bishop appears to share certain of 
these convictions, but 1 fail to see 
why religion should be obliged to 
compromise with the opinions of 

The bishop is scornful about 
“laser-beam*’ miracles. As I 
understand it, Christians believe 
that God offered, through certain 
miraculous events, a way of 
salvation, a gateway to heaven and 
an escape from hell. One would 
have thought that this was rather 
more important than ending 
apartheid or preventing Hiro- 
shima. There is a qualitative 
difference — an incalculable 'dif- 

ference — between matters which 
concern our eternal destiny and 
those which relate only to our brief 
earthly life, whatever sufferings 
the latter may comprise. Could it 
be said that the bishop lacks a 
sense of proportion and of prior- 

Moreover he makes a quite 
illogical leap from the Christian 
dogma that God became man to 
the assertion that “the central 
mystery of the incarnation is that 
God look on the contemporary 
world”. One might do better to ask 
whether the contemporary world 
has taken on God, but I am sure 
this dogma has never been taken 
to imply that he clothSf himself in 
secularism and unbelief as well as 
in a mortal body. 

In terms both of Islamic and 
Christian theology we are given to 
understand that we have been 
offered a choice between the 
narrow path which leads to 
heaven and die broad one which 
leads elsewhere. This is our privi- 
lege and our burden. 

Neither Jesus nor Muhammad 
was sent to save those who make 
the wrong choice from the con- 
sequences of this choice. It is not I 
think, inconsistent with either 
faith to suppose that those who, at 
the end of the day, suffer these 
consequences might wish them- 
selves back on this earth, even as 
the victims of apartheid or the 
slaves of Auschwitz, but still free 
to choose. 

Yours faithfully, 


35 Riddlesdown Road, 

Purley, Surrey. 

Threat to Cambridge 

From Professor. Glanville Wil- 
liams and others 

Sir. At Cambridge we are faced 
with a proposal for a large-scale, 
development on the city's south- 
ern boundary, involving the open 
land lying between the chalk 
upland (the Gog Magog hills) and 
the city. This is the most im- 
portant stretch on the edge of 
Cambridge, with easily the most 
attractive and striking relief; and 
across it are the best views of the 

Here it is proposed to build a 
housing estate of 900 houses, with 
a carriage-way (taking part of the 
green bell) linking it to a proposed 
complex in Trumpinglon. This is 
to consist of two hypermarkets 
(Tesco and Marks & Spencer, 
240,000 sq ft), a 300-bedroom 
hotel a multi-screen cinema, and 
parking for 4.000 cars. The 
hypermarkets, to be situated in the 
village just off the M 11 , and on the 
green belt, are intended to attract 
custom from miles around. 

. If all these proposals are ac- 
cepted they will intensify the 
problems of two roads that are 
already dangerous and excep- 
tionally busy, will increase conges- 
tion, noise and pollution, and will 
initiate a new sprawl into what is 

at present a relatively unspoilt 
part of the rural setting of Cam- 

It is- most unfortunate that 
planning authorities have not yet 
made a firm decision to hold the 
line against building in what has 
throughout been regarded as the 
most important part of 
Cambridge's green belt. So long as 
developers think they can make an 
entry into this area, they will 
continue to try to do so. With their 
ample resources they can employ 
professionals to press their case, 
notwithstanding previous rebuffs. 
The only outcome they will accept 
is one in their favour. 

Since the local residents who 
will be adversely affected can 
never be sure what the planning 
authorities will decide, they must 
gird themselves afresh against 
every renewal of the attack. So 
those of us who value our historic 
towns are engaged in what seems 
to be an almost unending battle. 
Yours foithfully, 






Merrion Gate. 

Gazeley Road. Cambridge. 

July 8. 

Occupational hazard Coal and the CEGB 

From QAM A. D. French 
Sir, The police force have never 
been denied the honour of a 
multitude of occupational nick- 
names (letter, July 8). Members of 
the fire brigade are called 
“squirts”. We of the ambulance 
service lack such curt and memo- 
rable names. 

Our proper title of “Qualified 
ambulanceman/woman” is 
cumbersome. The popular “am- 
bulance driver” ignores the es- 
sence of our attendance on the sick 
and injured. Our advanced 
trained personnel are, by some, 
called paramedics, but so too are 
chiropodists and physiotherapists. 

We do have the advantage over* 
the other emergency services in 
the naming of our vehicles. Not 
for us a “panda” or “jam 
sandwich”: we. Sir, are proud to 
ply the roads and serve the public 
aboard our “meal wagons”. 

Yours faithfully, 


Hazels House, 

Venus Lane. Clutton, 

Bristol, Avon. 

July 9. 

From Mr C. J. Kelly 
Sir, I write with regard to your 
excellent article (July 2) by Colin 
Robinson and Eileen Marshall on 
the “cosy” relationship between 
two major nationalised industries. 
British Coal and the CEGB. We 
operate a small coal reclamation 
plant and throughout the miners’ 
strike we believed that working as 
many hours as possible and 
sending material to the CEGB 
would stand us in good stead for 
the future. How wrong we were! 

The CEGB have now notified us 
that the allocation of coal which 
we are permitted to sell them has 
been “reduced by 100 per cent”, 
presumably so that as much coal 
as possible can be bought from 
British Coal. 

Jt would appear that 
nationalised industries have 
shorter memories than anyone 

Yours faithfully, 

C. J. KELLY, Chairman, 

Action Waste Ltd, 

Coalmoor Works. 

Coalmoor. Little Wen lock. 
Telford, Shropshire. 

Have a good trip? 

From Dr J. B. Coker 
Sir. During a recent holiday in 
DorseL I made a short journey by 
bus . From my seat up-front I- 
counted 14 notices to passengers. 
Most of these notices forbade this 
or that and many warned of 
penalties if transgressed. There 
was nothing to suggest that the 
bus company hoped that ! would 
enjoy my trip or get my mqney's 
worth. Furthermore, there were no 
signs as to what would happen if 
they were neglectful or discourte- 
ous to their customers— of whom 
there were only a handful. 

Yours foithfully. 


55 Cheriion Road. . 

Winchester, Hampshire. 

Monumental choice 

From Sir George White 
Sir. Peter Burman (July 5) is right 
to draw the attention of your 
readers to the loss of 17th, 18th 
and 19th-century churchyard 
memorials through neglect, but a 
■ new and appalling danger to them 
has arisen through over-zealous 

A church in the Gloucester 
diocese of which I am a church- 
warden has a closed churchyard 
filled with splendid Cotswold 
headstones and table tombs, 
which is now conscientiously 
maintained by the district council 

Their, care has included 
weedkilling around the bases of 
the memorials, so that tufts of 
grass do not grow up there and 
remain unmown. After two years 
of this treatment the ground 
around the stones is now quite 
bare and unexpected tragedy has 

Unprotected by grass, rapid 

erosion of the soil took place this 
spring, leaving the foundations of 
many table tombs exposed or 
undermined, as a result of which 
most are collapsing. In one case 
the deep vault beneath has 
opened. Headstones are no longer 
supported and frost, enco urged by 
the boggy ground, nas bitten into 
their bases. 

As a member of the Gloucester 
diocesan advisory committee for 
the care of churches I have visited 
other parishes and seen the tell- 
tale strips of dead grass around the 
tombs: the result of a first year of 
weedkiller care. Through bitter 
experience. I have been able to 
warn of the consequences of a 
second year of this treatment 

May I broadcast this warning 
nationwide through your col- 

Yours sincerely, 


Rudgeway. Nr Bristol. Avon. 

.vas found pro perty developers, Ham- 

ross in 1 963, , aft fj£ vab l e merson’s. regard n as the jewel 

** “eaTw VefplaoninS in lheir a0wn - 

Should not these shops have 
a place in the future trading 
precincts of this country? 

S Africa crisis 

From Sir Martin Le Quesne 
Sir. Your call Heading article, June 
28) for “positive sanctions’* was a 
welcome ■ reminder that the 
preoccupation of the outside 
world with the grosser injustices 
and inhumanities of the present 
system in South Africa has di- 
verted attention from the real 
objective, the devising (by some- 
one) of sociaL political and eco- 
nomic structures which will 
permit ihe republic to play the role 
for which it has been cast by 
nature, the economic dynamo of 
the southern half of the continent 
• The valid criticism of successive 
South African governments is not 
that they have foiled to find an 
acceptable solution to their racial 

problem, but that, until economic 
forces recently compelled a change 
of approach, they have not shown 
that they were seriously and in 
good faith searching for one. Nor 
is it easy to believe that the South 
Africans by themselves are any 
longer capable, if they ever were, 
of the degree of detachment and 
imagination needed to siand back 
from the problem and look at it 
through new spectacles. 

This is a task which calls for a 
collaborative effort by brains 
drawn from a wider pool. Is there 
not here scope for the Common- 
wealth to play a more constructive 
role than merely trying to reach 
another compromise package of 
punitive sanctions? 

There is by now a good deal of 
experience in the Commonwealth 

of attempts, not always successful 
to construct constitutions which 
reconcile the accepted concepts of 
basic individual rights and lib- 
erties with the imperatives of 
traditional societies. 

The Commonwealth might of- 
fer to form a group, not of 
eminent, but of wise men .who. 
together of course with South 
Africans, might make a fresh 
approach to the design of accept- 
able consituiional and political 
institutions which will reflect the 
unique character of South African 

Yours foithfullv. 

Beau Desert. 

St Saviour. 

Jersey. Cl. 

July 4. 

JULY 12 J924 

Thanks to Chariots of Fire the 
name of Erie Liddell and his 
achievement is known throughout 
Britain. In 1925 he left Scotland 
to be a missionary' in Tientsin. 
During the war hems interred in 
a Japanese camp in China inhere 
he died in 1945 aged 44. The 
present record for the 400 metres 
is - 1 : 3.66 sec set by Lee Evans 
(United States) at the Olympic 
■ Games in Mexico 1968 



(From Our Special Cuirespondeni.) 

PARIS, July 1 

E. H. Liddell to-day won the 
Quarter-Mile (400 metres) for 
Great Britain in what was probably 
the most dramatic race ever seen 
un a running track. 

Yesterday, as you know, the 
world's “record” for the distance. 
48 3-5sec.. was beaten in one of the 
eliminating heats by Imbach, of 
Switzerland. To-day, in one of the 
semi-finals. Fitch, of the United 
States, knocked another l-5sec. off 
Irabach's time, finishing in 
47 4-5sec., with Butler, of Great 
Britain, so close that he also must 
have beaten the world's “record”. 
In the other semi-final Liddell beat 
Imbach in 48 I-5sec.. a time which, 
being only equal to the world's 
“record" as it stood yesterday 
morning, seemed comparatively 
tame. This was all exciting enough, 
however, and, then, for three long 
hours, we waited for the finaL while 
Long Jumping and Shot Putting — 
heats in the Decathlon - and the 
Six Miles Walk dragged along. It 
was all frankly dull, enlivened only 
by the pipes and drums of the 
Cameron Highlanders, who came 
up to entertain the crowd and did it 

At last the moment came, and of 
the six starters three had beaten 
and one had tied what was 
yesterday the world's “record 1 
The other two were Johnston, of 
Canada, and Taylor, of the United 
States. It was a recognition of the 
crucial character of the moment 
that the loud speaker asked for 
complete silence, and begged every- 
one to slay seated. Liddell had the 
outside berth - generally consid- 
ered the worst place. Johnston had 
the inside, generally considered the 
next worst, with Butler next to 

There was a perfect start, and 
from the first jump-off the pace 
looked, and was. terrific. Two men 
of the six fell — Imbach at about 
half the distance and Taylor 30 
yards from the finish. But that 
made no difference, for there was 
never -more than one man in the 
race, and it was the pace he set that 
fairly ran them off their legs. 
Sweeping round into the straight 
Liddell led by four or five yards, 
and increased his lead by a couple 
of yards more in the run home. No 
one ever looked like catching him. 
Fitch was second, Butler third, and 
Johnston fourth, all bunched to- 
gether within a yard and a half, hut 
all with six dear yards separating 
them from the winner. When the 
time was given out as 47 3-5sec, 
and it was realized that, for the 
third time in two days, the world's 
“record” had been lowered, the 
Stadium went insane. How fast the 
time was is, perhaps, best iflustrat-1 
ed that it was a clear two seconds! 
better than Rudd's time, which was 1 
good enough to win at Antwerp 
four years ago. ■ 

So, in one wild minute, what had 
been the dullest of days was turned 
into about the most memorable 
that the Olympic Games have ever 
seen. It is improbable that six such' 
runners ever started together be- 
fore. Never before, surely, can a 
worlds “record” for a first-class 
event have been lowered three 
successive times by three different 
runners in a little over 24 hours. 
After that all else is bathos. The 
British team (Porter. Johnston, 
and Webber) qualified for the final 
in the Two Miles 13.000 metres) 
Team Race, running second to 
Finland in their heat. Finland, 
presumably, is certain to win the 
final to-morrow. The chief interest 
will lie in seeing whether Great 
Britain or the United States finish 
second. In the second heat of the 
Six Miles Walk MacMa6ter. ol 
South Africa, finished second, and 
Clarke, of Great Britain, fifth 
both, therefore, qualifying for the 

Bur after Liddell's race every- 
thing else is trivial. Whatevei 
happens now. Great Britain haf 
won the 100 Yards, the Quartet 
and Half Miles — three as nice 
events to win as you could chyqse. 

Setting to rights 

From Mr J. B. IV reford 
Sir. The correspondence on th; 
subject brings to my mind a moi 
down-to-earth question. Whi 
should one do when, pertiap 
through absent-mindedness or th 
distraction of the conversation : 
the table or sheer nerves, one ust 
the wrong implements, and 
faced with the task of eating th 
pudding or dessert with a sou 
spoon and a large fork? 

Perhaps the answer lies in th 
old saying “Fingers and ihumt 
were made before knives an 
forks”. ■ 

Yours faithfully. 


12 Bracside Close, 

Sevcnoaks. Kent. 

July 7. 

Le mot juste 

From Mr G. R. C. Walton 
Sir, In today’s concise crosswo 
puzzle (July 9) one of the dues w 
“Army priest". Surely the answ 
ought to have been "canon” 
Yours foithfully, 


4 Church Street, 


July 9. 







Cool northern light 

When used to describe enter- 
tainment, "evergreen" means 
"getting on a bit but potting a 
brave face on if” Like the rest 
of ns. My Music (which re- 
turned last night for a new 
series on BBC2) is no longer 
as young as it was. 

A mystifying blend of limp 
sallies, leaden anecdotes and 
marginal erudition, the pro- 
gramme resembles nothing so 
mach as a singularly feeble 
radio show with added colour. 
And what colour: Frank 
Muir's baby-pink bow tie, 
Steve Race's yelling red shirt, 
John Anus's evergreen three- 
piece suit. Alone of the contes- 
tants ("my frabjous four" as 
Mr Race introduced them), the 
soberly suited Ian Wallace 
took the game even half 
seriously. Everyone got a mark 
for every round. 

The spectacle of Mr Race 
tapping out the Charleston 
rhythm on a cigar-box is 
haidly the stuff of prime-time 
newing, whether or not Lew 
Srade really did give him the 
irticle in question. The second 
lose of The Healing Arts (also 
8BC2) was similarly onshowy 
- even filmed before and after 
reatment, the herbalist Mi- 
Aa el McIntyre's patients 
rould only say they felt better 
'or having tried his tinctures 
ind decoctions — hot at least 
be programme presented 
ante kind of an argument, if in 
i fairly partial and long- 
vinded way. 

The chief plank in the 
lerbalist's platform is surely 
hat natural remedies free the 
indent from the debilitating 
ride-effects of pharmaceutical 
lings: the teenage girl taking 
lonnoue tablets to regulate 
ter dysmenorrhea and the tiny 
ot using hydrocbrtizone 
ream for eczema certainly 
eeraed happier with their 
narinated deril’s-daw root 
ind red clover, while tbe 
:entieman with a dicky liver 
hepatitis pins an extended 
:ojouni in France) hardly 
tllnked at the mention of 
landelion leaves. 

' The soft-spoken, emollient 
ifr McIntyre was shown pie- 
tcribing, jogging, fielding en- 
juiries on a local radio phone- 
'll. and fulfilling the 
Verbalist's altogether second- 
try function of curbing the 
Spread of weeds. He was not 
<hown presenting his bilL 

on the Nordic 

path to modernity 

Dreams of a 
Summer Night 

Since J9J2 or so thinking in 
this country about the course 
of m6dem an has been domi- 
nated by Paris and what did or 
did not" happen there. But we 
arc gradually registering that 
other countries than France 
have followed very different 
paths to modernity from the 
sanctified Impressionism to 
Post-Impressionism to Fau- 
vism to Cubism to Abstrac- 
tion line. It isquitc difficult to 
make sense in those terms of 
what happened in Italy, for 
instance, or Germany. And 
certainly in Scandinavia. Of 
course we have known for a 
long time that Munch existed, 
and he has been revered as a 
modern master, but also as a 
completely isolated figure. 
Otherwise, as recently as ten 
years ago it would have come 
as a surprise to most foreign- 
ers that there was anyone else 
of note painting in Scandina- 
via at alt. Wc know slightly 
better now. but the major 
show Dreams of a Summer 
Stahl, at the Hayward until 
October 5. should still come as 

a revelation to the great 
majority of British art-lovers. 

It will also come as an, 
unexpected pleasure. The ide- 
al show for a hot summer's 
day. it transpons us to the cool 
north of long iridescent twi- 
lights and luminous darkness. 
Nol all the works shown are 
landscapes, though they bulk 
large: it is a survey exhibition 
of painting in Scandinavia at 
the turn of the century. Scan- 
dinavia for this purpose con- 
sisting of Denmark. Norway. 
Sweden. Finland and Iceland. 
And one of the .most interest- 
ing aspects is to notice the 
unity within diversity in the 
separate r hough intcr-conncct- 
cd arts of the five countries. 

The tone of the show is 
primarily — though not totally 
— Symbolist. Some of the 
painters, like Munch himself 
at this period or the gloomy 
Dane Ejnar Nielsen, who 
paints almost exclusively the 
dying or the dead in muted 
tones of grey, arc evidently 
using the medium to convey 
some deeper meaning beyond 
superficial appearances. But 
this kind of intensity and 
gloom arc by no means char- 
acteristic of the show as a 
whole. And elsewhere one 
must find oneself asking what 

exactly wc mean by Symbol- 
ism when applied to a land- 
scape or a domestic interior. 

Probably the best definition 
of the Nordic approach is 
provided by one of the paint- 
ers included, the Swede Rich- 
ard Bcrgh. He says that it is 
nol enough for the painter just 
to open his eyes, as the 
Impressionists would have 
him do. “One must also close 
(hem at times, dream of what 
one has seen, transform it. and 
weigh the varied impressions 
the eyes have received against 
feeling in order to fathom the 
unity in this barbaric multi- 
fariousness." This readiness to 
consult the inner eye as well as 
the outer, to imbue everyday 
scenes with a mystical intensi- 
ty which is not quite explica- 
ble in rational terms, is 
something which seems to be 
shared by practically all Scan- 
dinavian painters of the peri- 
od 1890-1910. 

Funnily enough they appear 
to have made the transition 
almost as one man (or one 
person. 1 should say. since 
there arc several important 
women among them) right at 
the end of the 1880s: quite a 
few of those here shown in full 
Symbolist flight were to be 
seen a very few years earlier. 

i Martin Cropper 

From Lemminkaisen ’$ Mather ; by the Finnish painter Akseli Gallen-Kallela 


Merchant Taylors’ 

The East German baritone 
\>laf BaeT is not yet 30. but he 
js already considered some- 
Jhing of a hot property, partic- 
ularly in tbe lieder repertoire. 
9This performance of 
Schubert’s song-cycle Die 
C chdne \fullerin certainly re- 
pealed his outstanding poten- 
tial. but it also showed how far 
Bis interpretation still has to 
deepen before he can assume 
"he mantle of Fischer- 

& The voice is a magnificent 
l Wrument: supple, almost 

a ightweight in the lilting early 
a iumbenr. capable of a thrill- 

a iumbenr. capable of a thrill- 
a ng. tenorish ring when lifted 
a b the impulsive heights of 
ff Ungeduld": presenting a uni- 
c brmjy beautiful, velvety lega- 
^ throughout the arpeggio 

I ihrases of “Des Muller’s 

71 Sometimes, though. Baer 
Clave the impression that he 
woes not yet feel this music in 
wlis bones. One or two leaps 
Jicemed imperfectly prepared, 
thnd were executed with uncer- 

tain intonation. Melodies 
within a small compass of 
notes tended to be sung rather 
monotonously, and there was 
a habit (especially early on) of 
letting phrases fade limply 

More worryingly, Baer 
sometimes did not sound 
involved enough with the 
shifting mental agonies of the 
deluded youth. An understat- 
ed delivery is perhaps apposite 
for the line of farewell at the 
end of "Tranenregen", but the 
transition from anger to mor- 
bid self-delusion in 
“Eifersucht und Stolz" was 
barely marked, and the irony 
turning to bitterness in "Die 
liebe Farbe" was not really 
evident from Baer's gentle 

He managed the final song 
beautifully, however. The vo- 
cal tone was appropriately 
restful and consoling: the 
huntsman's hom-call just ruf- 
fled the surface of Parsons’s 
rich, soothing piano chords. 
And in this splendid venue, 
even the daylight appeared to 
be tiding in poetic accord with 
the gathering gloom of 
Muller's story. 

Richard Morrison 


Drifting south 
to success 

On Monday Michael Green, 
Head of Network Radio in 
Manchester, will take over as 
the new controller of Radio 4 
from David Hatch, who has 
been appointed to the Board 
of Management. A quiet and 
agreeable man. Mr Green has 
run a most productive region 
whose output in many areas — 
drama, features, current af- 
fairs with particular reference 
to File on 4 which he created — 
has been distinguished. And I 
understand that he also played 
a large part in the emergence 
'of Car's Whiskers, the first 
children's programme in years 
to sound as if it really stood a 

With twelve programmes 
still to come, it is far too early 
to form an opinion of this 
series, but the opening found 
Mr Redhead, by his standards 
relatively subdued and self- 
effacing, presiding over a 
more or less straight-forward 
introductory survey of what 
the Bible means to different 
kinds of readers: man-in-ihe- 
sireet Christian. Jew. scholar. 
Jewish scholar, creationist and 

Ht can take a lifetime to master the arts 

Enjoy the 
1 experience of a 


So the omens are good, 
although it will be months 
before we shall be able to 
detect a touch of a new hand. 
Indeed with any luck we never 
shall, for Mr Hatch has hand- 
ed over an extremely well- 
found ship and the advice to 
any successor must be “leave 
well alone", which is not at all 
the same as saying “change 
nothing". One of the hall- 
marks of Radio 4 these last 
few years has been construc- 
tive. enterprising change. 
“Leave well alone" means 
“keep that going". 

I hope he won’t let the 
tendentiousness of his subject 
either silence or sober him. I 
hope he isn't going to lean too 
much on the question of 
whether holy scripture is fact 
or falsehood, for it may be 
both and much more as well. 1 
hope his producer will not 
continue to set Biblical read- 
ings against music designed to 
enhance an air of mystery — 
the words themselves are 
quite mysterious enough. 

ome and watch 

ignore than 200 
^trtists and 
—draftsmen at work 

rt in Action is a celebration of the 

and this year- our tenth anni- 
rsary- we’ve brought together 
artists. more events and more 

than ever before. 

In the beautiful grounds of 
titerperry House, you can watch, 
ilk and learn direct from painters, 
ndptors, potters, weavers. caHig- 
iphers. engravers, woodworkers, 
•weilery makers- in fact fine artists 

r-j the country . ■ 

’ 9 For further information SAE to: 
l\it in Action. 96 Sedlescombe Road. 
— ondon SW6 1RB. 

pbur 17th Joly-San 20th July 
■ KX30am to 5t30pm. 


»*n i Nr. Wheatley, Oxford. 


Irt-iLnu, ^s«tWinhrRo»l Lon**> IRB ahsi S|wmiw*dbi-ifirA»lDewniiin««rf 

One of the jewels in the 
Mancunian crown has always 
been A Word In Edgeways 
(Radio 4. Sundays: producer. 
Edward Lucas) which after 21 
years remains the most intelli- 
gent and articulate (some 
would say the only intelligent 
and articulate) discussion pro- 
gramme to be heard on radio. 
It owes its unfailing interest 
very largely to the qualities of 
a bom and bred Geordie. its 
chairman Brian Redhead, 
wfiose abilities to think on his 
feel (as opposed to free- 
associating and hoping for the 
best) and to stimulate his 
guests to do the same, are to 
my mind unmatched. 

Moreover — almost price- 
less in this age of ill-informed 
solemnity he brings to 
anything he does a perceptive 
impishness which actually 
adds weight to whatever may 
be the matter in hand. So I had 
no objection at all when last 
weekend Mr Redhead ap- 
peared to have made a north- 
ern drift into a flood tide by 
becoming Radio 4's principal 
contributor. He turned up not 
only on A Word in Edgeways. 
but as Parky's guest on Desert 
Island Discs and as presenter 
of his own 13-pan examina- 
tion of The Bible. The Good 
Book (Saturday, repeated 
Thursday: producer. Frances 

As guest on Desert Island 
Discs Mr Redhead more than 
kept his end up, making it 
almost unnecessary for Mi- 
chael Parkinson to be there at 
all and rather adding to the 
impression that this, his sec- 
ond series. ' is beginning to 
create that in any very inter- 
ested sense its presenter is a 
sort of absentee. 1 have a 
picture of him filling in the 
crossword or doing the pools 
while the week’s castaway 
rattles on. However, if this old 
war-horse is on automatic 
pilot, another which immedi- 
ately preceeds it has come' 
back to life. 

Occasionally replaced and 
plainly rested. Margaret How- 
ard once again appears to be in 
charge of Pick of the Week 
and the programme is now as 
engaging as it ever was: a good 
mix. inventively linked. 

A delightful self-portrait has 
just been heard again on 
Radio 3. The Old Age of My 
Youth (Saturday. Sunday. 
Monday: director. John 
Thcocharis) was Pauline 
Spender’s three-part selection 
from the journal of Marie 
Bashkirtseff who at the age of 
13 left the Ukraine with her 
mother and brother to settle in 
Paris and Nice. Ten years 
later, at the threshold of what 
promised to be a brilliant 
career as a painter, she was 
dead from TB. Anna Calder- 
Marshall's lovely reading was 
full of bright enthusiasm that 
turned implacably to poignan- 
cy and shadow. 

David Wafle 

- v'-***' ■jrps#’* 

. . *V 

f A & 



r-lfr-rV ’ 

Symbolism and mystical intensity in Jens Ferdinand WiUumsen's Afier the Tempest 

in a show called ISOO-crne in 
Sordisk Ma/cri. which I saw in 
Copenhagen a couple of 
months ago. working in a 
thoroughly realist mode, influ- 
ence of Basticn-Lcpagc well to 
the fore. 

Though these dreamers of a 
summer night show a healthy 
variety in their styles and 
approaches, the only painter 
here included who seems to be 
working on quite another, 
prosaic wavelength is the 
Swede Anders Zorn — famous 
in Britain and America in his 
own day as a portraitist some- 
what after the manner of 
Sargent. The visionary gleam 
is very evident, for instance, in 
the Stockholm landscapes of 
Eugene Jansson. known to us 
in this country primarily for 
his later succession of male 
nudes in gymnasiums: even 
when he is painting rather 
grim-looking workers' flats on 
the outskirts, they arc suffused 
with the light that never was 
on land or sea. The Icelandic 
painter Thorarinn B. 
Thorlaksson produces some- 
thing of the same feeling in his 

countryside but even of Reyk- 
javik at sunset, without a sign 
of human habitation in the 
darkened buildings on the 

The mysterious intensity of 
the Dane Vilhelm Hammcr- 
shoi’s pearly interiors is now 
relatively familiar in Britain, 
thanks particularly to the 
staunch support of the Bury 
Street Gallery, but it is intrigu- 
ing to sec it here extended to 
the outdoors, in such extraor- 
dinary' paintings as The Budd- 
ings of the Fust Asiatic 
Company in Copenhagen . 
which creates an almost surre- 
al effect by its sheer bareness 
and highly sophisticated jug- 
gling with perspective. 

Finn . Akseli Gallen-Kallela 
carries the Symbolist element 
in a different direction with 
his powerfully nationalist evo- 
cations of the legendary world 
of the Kalevcia. The Dane 
jens Ferdinand Willumsen. 
one-time friend and disciple of 
Gauguin, and the Swede Ernst 
Joscphson pursue the mystic 
gleam to the border of insan-. 
ity. and in Joscphson's case 
definitely over ir. "And such 
fairv-ialc fantasists as the 
Norwegian Kittclscn and the 
Finnish Sim berg are also giv- 
en a fair innings. 

totally unpeopled scenes, not 
only of the bleak Icelandic 

Pcdcr Scvcrin Kroycr's 
blue-dusk scenes on the beach- 
es of Skagcn are expressively 
present in two of his^ more 
famous compositions? and 
among the . Icsscr-known 
landscapists the Norwegian 
Harald Sohlbcrg stands out as 
the real discovery, much as he 
was in such rc/aicd exhibitions 
as Brooklyn's Northern Lights 
in 1982 and Toronto's The 
.Mystic North in 1984. The 

John Russell 


The Rover 
Swan, Stratford 

Sheer pleasure apart, there 
seemed to be two main rea- 
sons for including Aphra 
Behn’s comedy in the Swan 
repertory: its link with Much 
Ado About Nothing, and the 
feet that it first appeared 
(1677) before the direct lines 
to Shakespeare had Finally 
been cut 

The Rover, unlike most 
work covered by that elastic 
term, is truly a Restoration 
play. Not only was it written 
during Charles's reign, it also 
refers back to the years of exile 
with dispossessed royalists 
scattered around the world: 
“Rovers of fortune", Mrs 
Behn called them, halers of 
the Puritan ethic, short of cash 
and foreign credentials, but 
determined to make them- 
selves respected as gentlemen. 
All the elements that go to 
make up the artificial world pf 
Congreve and Vanbrugh, can 
be seen here anchored to their 
economic and political ori- 

The piece is set in a Spanish 
colony where a mixed party of 
British cavaliers, including the 
nautical adventurer of the 
title, descend at carnival time 
and start sorting out the local 
talent. Belvile. an upstanding 
colonel has serious marital 
intentions. The others lick 
their lips over the carnival 
girls: while Willmore, the 
rover, is after every female 
thing that moves. 

- Even so. it is the women 
■who take the sexual initiative. 
They include Angelica, the 
costliest courtesan in the West 
Indies, and Lucetia. a former 

slave who avenges herself by 
fleecing her clients. At the 
centre are three sisters, all 
under the control of a tyrant 
brother who make off to the 
carnival as gypsies, rebelling 
at the pros pea of arranged 
marriage and confinement in 
a nunnery. 

The famous paradox pre- 
sented by Mrs Behn is that she 
was a redoubtable feminist 
who also supported the idea of 
marital submission. In this 
play, she resolved the contra- 
diction with the aid of the 
Spanish male. True to English 
tradition, every Spaniard who 
appears — from the sisters’ 
grandiose brother to Lucelta’s 
pimp — exemplifies stiff- 
backed masculine domina- 
tion. The play takes it out on 
them with a vengeance; thus 
allowing the maurauding Brit- 
ish (with the exception of an 
Essex booby, thrown onto the 
street in a pair of whore's 
knickers) off the hook. They' 
may be hell-raisers: but at least 
they are fun. and supporters of 
the king over the water. 

John Barton's production 
toys the expected stress on the 
play's feminism: switching the 
scenic order so as to begin 
with the site of the girls 
rebellion, and finally showing 
them advancing on their cow- 
ering brother with drawn 
swords. It also gives great 
weight to those passages where 
brisk comic action is followed 
by female soliloquies. In all 
this, however, there is never a 
note of grinding feminist 
grievance. The need to please 
a rakish public may partly 
account for this. More to the 
point, is Bchn's vigorous feir- 
mindedness. “You have a 
quality that I 

adore*\Willmore tells the girt 

to whom he finally succumbs: 
“good nature". If ever Behn 
was describing her own tem- 
perament it was in that line. 

Latin music 

Queen of 

: e ]ja Cruz 

[ammersmith Palais £ 

Inevitably, even in a show 
of this size, there must be 
regretted omissions — it is a 
pity, for instance, that some of 
WiUumsen's more measured 
works than the lurid . liter the 
Tcm/test were judged loo frag- 
ile to travel — but in general 
one could not ask for a more 
comprehensive and balanced 
introduction, or one better 
calculated to make friends and 
influence people. 

The best example of it is in 
the figure of Willmore him- 
self, who is at once an irre- 
pressibly daring adventurer 
and a complete fool. Again 
and again, following wherever 
his groin leads him.' he finds 
himself caught out in lies, and 
messing up the intrigues of his 
friends who ' forcibly bar him 
from the colonel's wedding for 
fear he brine down disaster 
yet again. After his Stratford 
Leonles. Jeremy Irons has 
loosened up marvellously for 
this role. With the manner of 
an accident-prone Errol 
Flynn, he ricochets between 
gallantry and drunken fum- 
bling. a figure of fun who 
always retains the quality of “a 
prince aboard his little wood- 
en world". Defending his in- 
constancy he goes over into 
verse: and as Mr Irons speaks 
self-mocking lines like “1 
must like cheerful birds, sing 
in all groves” are pure poetry. 

No musiccrcatcsa morpyiVkfV* 

summcr-in-the-ciiv ambiance 

than the Afro-Cuban tdrom.. 
known as salsa, whose soaring . 
brass and hjpnotic rhythmic-’’ 
flow instantly evoke ihc mclt- ; - 
ing pavements and gushing n; 

fire hydrants of a July evening : 

in Spanish Harlem. i'X~. 

Not manv years ago. it - 

would have been asking the 
impossible to expect a salsa — 
star to transfer the atmosphere s- 
of a show at home in 
York to a soggy night on - - 
H am mersm ith Broadway. .Ncr __ _ 
longer, though. . Thursday . . 
night's affair at the Palat*> ; ^ 
reaffirmed a recent, fmpres- ^ 
sion that those who uim ouL-C r 
for Latin shows in London , ” 
coinprise the most construe-:.! s.. . 
lively enthusiastic of all the- m — 
capital's many popular-music - - 
cliques. Based on a hard corc^ 
of expatriate Hispanics. whose*. 1 
swivel-hipped dancing pro-v^i 
\ ides an admirable example to • 

the less graceful, ihey come in ,Z_ 
all colours, united by a pleas- ‘ _ 
antlv non-aggressive energy. .£.1^ 

Making^ her second -visit to^- 
London since she arrived as - 
pan oF the Fania All-Stars. l 
package at the Lyceum .1(H.:-. 
\ear$ ago. the Cuban singer. 

Celia Cruz is to salsa what-Y;- 
Arotha Franklin is to souhr:! 
.music: a queenly figure whose ; 
inherent qualities transcend 
passing fads. She . lacks; .to i :.- 
pursuc the comparison, the... 
aura of tragedy that makes,-.-,. 
Miss Franklin so compelling! - i- 
but Aretha could never un- 
chain herself sufficiently' to. ': - 
create the kind of two-way . 
communication that made ihe-: 
Palais show so exhilarating. . ' . 

Accompanied by the octet ’ 
of Tito Pucme. the celebrated^ ■“ 
Ttmhufero and vibraphone 
player, she tookihc stage m a r •' 
shimmer of sequins: black: ' 
silver and hot red. Her voice ' - 
broad, sometimes harsh, its - 
attack often fiercely majcstic. J- 
its intonation Spanish rather - 
than African; tenderness and : 
regret arc within her range, but 
her natural mode is a kind of - 
exultation best expressed iff 
the tongue-twisting svneopa-’ . 
lions of “Quimbara". wholly 
she .soared above ihc biting- ■ 
trumpet phrases: ' ’ ' ' 

Most of her songs -ire . 
constructed according ta afr 

S ula that gets the verse out. ? 
c way before oonocntrai--. - 
in the sequence in which , 
the singer improvises over a. - 
mesmerizing lwo-ch6rdr v 
vamp: it is there, in the real 
heart of the music, as the.:, 
polyrhvthms of congas, bon^! 
gos and timhalcs interlock.' 
with the fluid and deceptively : 
simple stroll of the bass-guitar..', 
that Celia Cruz proves hey’.' 
greatness. The vamp section^ 
of ihc mid-tempo “Bcmba , . 
Colora" turned into a rafler- ; 
coaster of successive crescen- 
dos as she shouted, chattered', 
and crooned, the audience, 
hardly needing her cncourageV 
mem’ to chant the responses *’ 
a bile attempti ng' to dance iii 
the sweaty crush at the foot of . 
the stage. Her own dancing!' 
involving brief bouts of- 
spasms and convulsions that 
defined the Latin ability to 
retain control while discarding 
inhibitions, provided a further 
incitement, to displays of ec- 
static abandon. 

Richard Williams 

He is bewitchingly 
partnered by Imogen Stubbs: 
an actress of page-boy looks 
with a superb gift of mischief 
and comic zest who makes the 
lines sound as if they had been 
written yesterday- Hugh 
Quarshie's Colonel also re- 
veals an unsuspected range of 
pure fun. especially when he 
gets into a mask: and there is a 
commandingly Spanish 
Angellica from Sinead 
Cusack. The carnival is apt to 
come and go: but the charac- 
ters are carnival enough in 

Irving Wardle 

i Vis'** ‘ 

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Creamed C 


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5 — - . 




Artistic Director 

Peter Schaufuss 


Monday ! 4 Jul> 
iTerabuft Schaufussi and 
Tuesday- i 5 luly 
iSeviiiano'SkoogJ at T.vOprn 

CC Bookings: 01-2*40 5258 
Box Office: 01-836 3161' 

Shakespeare s classic tragedy of the .star-crossed lovers 
comes to life in Frederick Aihfor's stunning procfuctrcn 
When the production was premiered in London last yei 
it y.a? received with critical acclaim. 

London Festival Ballet is now the only “company ' 
in the world with, this Ashton maste -piece . d. r; . 

in ;3 repertoire 


August 4 to 9 

CC Bookings: 01-928 8800 
Box Office: .01-928 3191 

Ticketmaster 01-379 b433 




July 12-18, 1986 


A weekly guide to 
leisure, entertainment 
and the arts 

Deadly serious, funnily enough 

began during his days 2 

Woody Allen’s 

rr|ost acclaimed in 

many years, opens 




- -- 

n London next 

latest film, his 

veek. He spoke 

o Caryn James 

<bout obsessions 


and ambitions 

A n old Bronx ball- 
room has- been 
turned into a 
1940s dance hall, 
Mia Farrow 
transformed into 
ar American forces singer 
ccnpteie with seamed stock- 
in s and a corsage, and Woody 
A en has stepped into his role ( 
as director on the set of his j 
la si, as yet unnamed, film. It ; 
is an easy workday; the brief' 
sc ne - the actress singing “l 
Din’t Want to Walk Without 
Ym" — had been shot days 
b fore, and two versions of the 
S4 ng pre-recorded. 

But the lighting had been 
w ong and the tempo of the 
n isic too fast, so Allen has 
muilt the set and brought 
bek 100 extras -to reshoot 
K ia Farrow liprsyncs a dozen 
li nes while Allen stands qui- 
ff y beside the camera; be- 
t een certain takes he 
v lispers something to her. 

1 ien he offers his most con- 
s icuous direction of the day; 
ii the middle of her song he 
stiles and gives her a tiny 
V ive - her cue to wave back 
o 1 camera. 

This is Woody Allen in 
a lion. And that small wave, 
v rich seems almost private - 
men and Mia Farrow have . 
ten close companions tor 
a tout six years - is a gesture 
c ' absolute authority. It cap- 
t res the essential paradox ot 
Voody Allen as .film-maker. 

I e insists on total control — 
the- of the very few major 
fliri-makere .with authority 
t .er every idea from the script 
11 the advertising, every detail 
and off his set, because he 
quaies this dominance with 

nistic freedom. 

“If I had to make turns 
■ ilhout com pie te .control 
om start to fimsh.J definUe- 
- would not do it , he says. 
I’m only making films be- 
ause I’m as free there as it l 
ere writing novels, tou can 1 
sate unless you re complete- 
free." Few artists of his 
afore admit to so many seit- 
ioubts while displaying so 
iuch confidence: !* re| y J5 
uch an overwhelming need 
ar control manifested m such 

I write r!d i rector and us u- 

illy star of some 15 films in 

‘A?' • .. 

■r. - • ' ■ 

- * ■ ‘ 

^^Jearingitthe way he wrote it a contemplative Woody 

^^hich He also w^aod direct*. 

Alien in » rain-spattered phone bootii on Avemie m Hannah 

years. Allen has hubnstically 
reached for the large themes of 
love and death, yet handed us 
brilliantly nuanced. small- 
scale movies; Annie Hall. 
Manhattan and The Purple 
Rose of Cairo. To pick out any 
one of Allen's, strengths, hus 
quirky comic persona, his eye 
for the ticklish spots of upscale 
urban life, or even his aston- 
ishing technical growth and 
diversity, does not begin to 
define him. ... 

Vincent Canby, film cntic 
of the New York Times, says of 
Allen: “There’s nobody else in 

Cream tlpNQ 41 

A simple 



Creamed ChickenRisotto. 

A simple dish for those spur or 
ihe moment occasions that call lb 

buller in a large pan. 

Ad d one chU^d onion, for 

JO minutes- cooked long 

crmH g eaUborougWy. 

T^^'^l^nnd to look a. 

Easy to prepare, t, 

and lastes glorious. 



£S & 


American films who comes 
anywhere near hint m origi- 
nality and interest. One has to 
go back to Chaplin and Busier 
Keaton, people who were 
totally responsible for their 
own movies^ to find anybody 

Allen has just turned 50, 
and at an age when many 
artists who matched his early 
success have disappeared, ne 
continues to intrigue and of- 
ten startle us. For his movies 
offer that inconspicuous blend 
of content and form mat 
distinguishes the finest art; his 
on-screen families are por- 
iraved by Allens real-life 
friends and tovere^hts roman- 
ticism is so lush it flows 
through the music and pho- 
tography: his obsession with 
death so strong it must be 
deflected through the skewed 
vision of comedy. In film, he 
has found his perfect vehicle. 

Movie-making accommo- 
dates his protean imagination 
and enormous need to domi- 
nate: he has shaped careers lor 
Diane Keaton and Mia- Far- 
row. taken over a whole town 
while filming Purple Rose, and 
now checked out the details on 
his wartime set. where original 
Second World War posters 
hang on the walls. 

ut beneath the 
complexity of film- 
making. writing 
and directing them 
offers the subtlety 
- to match Allen s 

self-effacing pasture?- A look 
not at Allen's films but at the 
wav he creates them reveals a 
scctuical vet romantic mind at 
work. As Allen co "tmues 
work on his new film, ms last 
completed movie. Hannan 
and Her Sisters, opens in 
Britain next week. In the 
United States it has been his 
1 biggest success, critically and 
at the box office. It also offers 
ihe strongest congruence yet 
of his major themes, the most 
emphatic view of the uneasy 
coexistence between his comic 
and serious sides, and the best 
example of the autobiographi- 
cal and professional cross- 
I currents flowing through his 

'work. . w . _ 

Shot partly in Mia Fanow s 
New York apartment, the film 
- • j~ farrow as Hannan 
Caine as her 
who becomes ro- 
nu*».»v».iy obsessed with 

Hannah's youngest sister. In a 

siorv that runs parallel to 
Hannah's. Allen plays her 
hypochondriacal former hus- 
band. Mickey Sachs, who this 
time may really have a brain 

lUI AUen describes the film as 
“an ensemble story abouv the 
intersecting lives of groups of 
characters .sometimes^ 
amusing, sometimes sort of 


Bom Allen Stewart 
Konisberg. Brooklyn, New 
York City. December 1 . 

1935. Enrolled at New York 
University and the City 

College of New York; expelled 
from both. Sent jokes to 
newspapers, wrote ona-iiners 
for comedians, workedon 
the Sid Caesar show. Own 
stand-up comedy act. 
Greenwich Village. Wrote for 
the New Yorker. Two 
Broadway plays, Don t unnn 
die Wafer and Play it Again, 
Sam. Jazz clarinettist 
Feature films (writer, 
director and actor unless 
otherwise stated): 

1965 What's New 
Pussycat? (writer and actor 


1300 What s Up 1 1^- -/ 
(Japanese film dubbed by Allen 
into English; he also played 
the host/narrator) 

1967 Casino Royale (actor 

1969 Take the Money and 

1971 Bananas 

1972 Play it Again. Sam 
(writer and actor onty) 
Everything You Always 
Wanted to Know About Sex 
But Were Afraid to Ask 

1973 Sleeper 

1975 Love and Death 

1976 The Front (actor only) 

1 977 Annie Halt (Oscars for 
best picture and for Allen as 
director and co- 

1978 /nfenors (writer ana 
director only) 

1979 Manhattan 

1980 Stardust Memones t 

1982 A Midsummer Night s 
Sex Comedy 

1983 Zelig 

1984 Broadway Danny 

1985 The Purple Rose of 
Cairo (writer and director only) 

1986 Hannah and Her 

and Michael 
husband, v 

Title-hoMen Mia Farrow as Hannah with Michael Caine 

a if iiv successful the serious writer, because lhats 
sad. If ns success™, me has a ] wav s interested 

me. But I had no cultural 
background whatsoever, and 1 
mean absolutely none", he 
says of growing up in what ne 
calls “a typical, noisy ethnic 
family" in Brooklyn. **! didn’t 
go to’a play until l was about 
18 years old. almost never 
went to a museum, listened 
only to popular music, and 
never read at all." 

Allen is surprisingly inartic- 
ulate about the sources of his 
talents. .As with writing, he 

saa. ii it s - — 

laughs don't come from jokes, 
they come from characters in 
emotionally^ desperate 


Ever since Annie Hall, a 
warm comedy of a romance 
found and lost, he has been 
resisting the impulse toward 
the jokes and frenetic comic 
action displayed m his early 
movies, like Take the Money' 
and Rim and Bananas Annie 
Hall was his first film to 
contain believable, if excep- 
tionally neurotic, people. 

always do - like some kids 
had an ear for music. I could 
be funny. So in my films, 
things get filtered through a 
comic prism. When I m sitting 
down to write something, my 
perspective seems to go, 10 
what's humorous, even if it s a 
grim situation. An extreme 
example would be Love and 
Death, which actually takes a 
broad comic perspective, but 
what is it when you think 
about it? It's actually about 
war and people dying. be- 
trayed by death or God at tne 

end." , 

In the character of Mickey 
Allen has created another of 
his death-haunted men. like 
Alvy in Annie Hail and Isaac 
in Manhattan. Their near- 
paralyzing fear. Allen says, has 
been with him almost as long 
as he can remember, although 
he can point to nothing that 

triggered it. . . . 

“1 was always obsessed with 
death, even as a child. It 
always used to frighten me. l 
have memories of being very 
young, probably six or eight, 
and being put to sleep at night 
and lying in the black, think- 
ing. "someday 1 will be dead • 
and really focusing vivid feel- 
ings on it. a vivid attempt 10 
imagine the emptiness, the 
finality, the irrevocability of 
it. I'll occasionally still do it 11 
1 wake up in the middle of the 
night in a bad week." 

Allen draws on his own 
obsessions so consistently that 
audiences often blur the dis- 
tinction between his life and 
an. Annie Hail, based loose y 
on Allen's relationship with 
the film's star. Diane Keaton, 
was considered pure, if exag- 
gerated. autobiography, put 
Allen maintains that the films 
are not autobiographical, be- 
cause the events they depict 
did not happen. 

woric". especially “your early 
funny ones". How could such 
details not point to Allen? Yet 
he wilfully chose to ignore the 
extra-artistic problem. “I 
thought maybe 1 should have 
another actor play the role , 
he savs. "but 1 really didn t 
care how it was perceived. I 
wanted to do what 1 wanted to 
do, and I feel that some day 
when I'm not in the gossip 
columns, people will be able to 
see the film and judge n on us 
merits." ..... 

The problem ot Allen s 
being identified with his roles 

began during his days asa 
stand-up comic in the twos. 

He quickly found that "just 
talking as myself to the audi- 
ence was the most comton- 
ablc for me and the most 
enjovablc for the audience . 

But "the close-io-lifc comic 
persona that emerged was not 
planned. "1 never consciously 
did anv of it. 1 just went out on 
stage and tried to get laughs. 

The only sense of a peraona is 
ihai one exaggerates for tne 
sake of humour. Ifl come out 
for 40 minutes and regale vou 
with one harrowing tele -after 
another, tales of childhood 
and relationships — and iney 
were all reasonably funny 
because 1 had spent a lot 01 
time gening the most out ot 
them - 1 guess after a while a 
character emerges: ins me in a 
way and ii"s not me. 

eviewing his 
movie career. Al- 
len admits: "The 
popularity of cer- 
tain pictures 
• makes me un- 
comfortable. If that many 
people like a picture, maybe 
I'm becoming part or the 
establishment. Fm not chal- 
lenging anyone. The most 
popular thing, when you go to 
ihe movies, is to sit down and 
see a lifestyle that you under- 
stand and arc familiar with. 
The middle class likes to have 

its prejudices reinforced, and 
through some failure of my 
own. I may do that in some oi 
my films. And that's whais 
wrong with them. 1 vc ined 
over the years to get more and 
more serious and rounded, l 
hope that before I'm finished I 
can make a couple of films I 
can have real respect for. But 
that would mean making turns 
as good as The Bicycle 7 hie 1 es 
or lira nd illusion." 

In Hunnah. Allen s roman- 
tic instinct for the happy- 
ending may have taken mm 
further than he would like. 
“What you want is for there 10 
be one truth, and to be in 
possession of it. but you want 
it to be good news”, he says. 
“If someone said. Til tell you 
tomorrow whether there is a 
God. whether life has 
meaning' . . -it’s better not to 
know, because if the answer is 
no. vou'd better do some fast 
tap dancing. If the odds arc50- 
50. it's better not to know. 

Making films may be 
Allen's version of tap dancing 
against the odds. When he 
speculates that his next "clus- 
ter of films" will be inlimaic 
pictures, much like Hannah . 
he seems unaware of now 
extraordinary it is to talk ot 
films in terms of clusters. He 
just keeps turning them ouu 
quietly accumulating his re- 
markable body of work. 

®New Yortc Times. 1986 

Hannah and Her Sisters 
(15) opens on Friday at tne 
Odeon. Leicester Square 
(01-930 6111). 


3y neurotic. p«ple. . 

Allen warned to be serious cQmcdv myslc rious: "My 

all alonff euess about that kind of thing 

parents had pushed me along g*g al ^ almost a |j genetic. It 

more, cultural to l njjrt j usl something I could 

have started out being a more J 

a out oeing a mvm: — - 


First night verve. 

Lorin Maazel 
looks forward to 
■ the opening 
Pfom — page 14 

Am Diary 
. Cross* ord 

Eating Out 

14 Gardening J® 
13 Out and Abort 10 

13 Opera 

14 Photography 

13 Revie* 

14 Rdck&Ja/z 
11 Shopping 

II Tunes Cook 
14 Travel 
14 TV & Radio 

e says: "People 

get the impres- 
sion that these 
films are auto- 
biographical in 

an acute way. 

There mav be a brush from 
Si life HI play characters 
who are in show business, ho 
live in an apartment uxe 
m ne.'bui those are ihe ouier 

mppinas. Ifl had pbyed the 

Michael partof 

Hannah's husband. P«>Pjc 
would have been convinced 
Td had an affair v*nh my 
wife's sister, just a * 

Italian they were completely 
convinced I wanwd 10 many a 

17-vear-old girl. 

While making Stardust 
Memories .Mien was aware 
that the public would identify 
him with his character -- a 
film-maker, much like Allen, 
who veams to be serrous yet is 
surrounded by adoring fans, 
‘ who gush. “We love your 

An auction 
where you can 

even aff ord 

the time. 

If the prices don't put some auctions out of your 
reach, the viewing and sale times certmnly wtll. 
Sothebv’s Conduit Street Sales are devised to fit 
in with ' yarn lifestyle. So there are 
Sunday viewings, with the sale on the following 
Mondav evening. 

You'll find many complete room settings of 
furniture, rugs, ceramics, silver and trorts of ait 
As few pieces, if an* need restoranon, they are 
ready to take homeand enjoy Delivery is inexpen- 
sive and easily arranged on the spot 

Visa or Access Cards are accepted. And as lots 
sum from as little 'as £200. time won’t be the only 
thing vou can afford. 


Sunday 13th July am-4.00 pm 

Monday 14ih July 9-00 am-2.00 pm 


Monday 14th July 5,30 pm 

26 Conduit Street London W1 

Telephone: (01) 493 8080 








Edited by Shona Crawford Poole TRAVEL 

Rivals in the Great Game 

Pet er Hopkirk visits a 
lonely outpost in 
China, once tbe focus 
of a fierce struggle 
bet ween imperialists 

From the roof of the British consul- 
ate-general at Kashgar, in the shadow 
of the Chinese Pamirs, once fluttered 
the last Union Jack between India 
and the North Pole. Today, few 
passers-by give the peeling, mud- 
walled building so much as a glance, 
little realizing the role it played for so 
long in the Great Game, that shad- 
owy struggle between Britain 'and 
Russia for ascendancy in Central 

From this remote oasis town, lying 
half-way between the front lines of 
the two rival empires, British inteilir 
gence officers reported to their chiefs 
on every Tsarist, and later Bolshevik, 
move in the region. At stake. or ?° 
strategists at home were convinced, 
was the richest of all imperial prizes - 
British India. 

In those days Kashgar was one of 
the most isolated and little visited 
places on earth. The nearest towns of 
any size lie in Russia, on the far side 
of the Pamirs, while Peking is some 
2.400 miles to the east The oasis is 
cut off on three sides by high 
mountain ranges, while on the fourth 
lies the treacherous Taklamakan 

Kashgar is more like 
Turkey than China 

Desert, into which entire caravans 
have disappeared without trace, and 
whose name means “Go in — and you 
won’t come out”. 

Even today Kashgar is not easy to 
reach, being some three days* drive 
through the Tian Shan mountains 
from Urumchi, the region’s capital, 
although it is now accessible from 
northern Pakistan via the lofty and 
gruelling Karakoram Highway. Kash- 
gar also has a landing strip for small 
aircraft, and perhaps most visitors 
arrive that way, but sometimes flying 
is halted for days on end by 
karaburans (black hurricanes), the 
sandstorms so dreaded by travellers. 
My own flight was grounded for 24 
hours in the remote Silk Road oasis of 
Aksu. in the Tian Shan foothills. 

Yet more foreigners now visit 

; Correction 

i The reference in last week’s travel 
1 article (page 10) to “an infusion of 
« laurel. . in a Provencal dish should 
i have said bay leaves, not laurel, 
which can be poisonous. 


M % V tf'* • .»! • I'l 

• • « j-iitnt iti 




.Jtr - ijt ; r ^1 

'J-* 4*. ” 


Close shave: old men in Kashgar' 

Kashgar in a day than once did in 
several years. In' contrast ' to its 
forbidding surroundings. Kashgar is 
extremely picturesque and has 
changed little from the days when it 
took several months to get there. . 

Its Uighur people being Muslims, 
Kashgar is more like eastern Turkey 
than China proper. The market 
square by the great mosque must be 
one of the most colourful places on 
earth, with its donkey carts and 
white-bearded men in long, striped 
. silk coats and tall, leather boots. 

It was in the early 1890s that this 
ancient caravan town became the 
epicentre of fierce imperial rivalry 
between Britain and Russia. Both 
sides set up listening posts there. The 
British one was quartered in the- 
modest native house known as Chini 
Bagft, or Chinese Garden, and was 

s picturesque and ageless market 

run for 28 years by George 
Macartney, an intelligence officer and 
diplomat of outstanding talent. His 
Russian rival was the redoubtable 
Nikolai Petrovsky, virtual “king” of 
Kashgar when Macartney first ar- 
rived. aged just 24, in 1890. Rivalry 
between the two men. both officially 
there as consuls, was intense and at 
times personal. Despite his consular 
cover; it was no great secret that 
Macartney was there to try to curb 
Russian influence in Chinese Central 
Asia and give early warning of any 
Tsarist military threat to India's 
northern frontier. • 

In 1898 Macartney imported from 
Britain a young bride who was to 
share 17 of his lonely years at Chini 
Bagh and bear him three children. 
Catherine (later Lady) Macartney was 
to perform wonders with Chini Bagh 
and its garden, transforming it into a 



I Sa markan d 



Ov "TasikuiRaii 





Gobi Desert 

Dunhuang* 53 ® 55 
Ca»a of the 
Thousand Buddhas 





Site of i he 
Terra coin Army 


When Kashgar was first 
opened to foreigners, the only 
way to get there was on an 
organized tour along the 
ancient Silk Road sites. These 
usually take in Xian (site of the 
Terracotta Army), Dunhuang 

S he Caves of the Thousand 
uddahs). Turf an and 
Urumchi. Today Kashgar can 
be reached on an individual 
visa from Peking (by air first to 
Rumchi). Hong Kong (via 

Pakistan. Visas are only 
granted for the latter route If 
the applicant has a hotel 
reservation for Tashkurgan, 
obtainable only by writing to 
Peking. The alternative is on an 
organized tour using this route. 

Rumchi), Hong Kong (via 
Canton and Xian), or over the 
Karakoram Highway from 

NW1 (01 -486 8080) and P & O 
Air Holidays, 47 Middlesex 
Street, London El (01-247 
1611). UK China Travel 
Service, 24 Cambridge Circus, 
London WC2 (01-836 9911) 
specializes in individual travel 
to China and can issue visas. 


And have your own floating 
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This crutse offers total excellence 
in luxury, exclusivity and 

Leaving from Venice on 
January 6. the Constellation 
arrives at Fremantle on January 
30, via Port Said, Suez, the 
Seychelles and Mauritius. Rom 
then until February 9 the 
Constellation will lake up position 
right alongside the race course an 
race days, enabling you lo be 
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The ship arrives back in Venice 
on March 6. via Singapore, 
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But this cruise has more, very 
much more. Ever varying 

summits ot the great culinary arts 
prepared by top cbefe from 
Europe and Australasia. 
Incredible entertainment 
Including ballet, chamber music, 
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Fashkm stows, discos, dancing 
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changing art exhibitions with 
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saunasand all the usual facilities 
you would expect on a luxury 
-liner. A whole host of activities will 
make this cruise a wonderfully 
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For those with only limited fene 
available, there are Ry/sail 
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to/ from various ports. 

A remarkable voyaoe- and the 
'floats of the AMERICAS CUP! 

Constellation Cruise 


F0r fun details and a brochure contact Kavoumdes (U.K.) Ud., 
, 50 Pall MaN. London SW1 . Tel: 01-930 7619 (office hours) 


Choice of over 150 hotels within 
easy driving distance of Calais and 

With your tickets. jrauH be gwena 
fiee tape cassette or inltonaUon pack 
for (he area 

Prices, from around £51 P P - 
Indude hotel accommodation and 
bicafcia6l.andr«ufTJ hovercraft cross- 
ing wuh car from Dover l assuming 4 
adults In party l 

For a brochure see your travel 
agen t or phone 1 0 It 554 706 1. 

i East along the 
Golden Road 
to anew dawn 
every day. 

For the traveller in search 
of a unique experience in this 
fascinating country, P&O offer 

an exceptional choice of lotus. 
Itineraries of between 14- 

- 42 days have been arranged 
5 to ensure ma xim u m interest, 

- visiting both the expected, 
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- sites and regions. 

To further explore China - 
and behind - with P&O you 
can navel the overland mutes 
from London to Hong Kong: 
via the old Silk Route; the 
recently opened route to Lhasa; 
or across the Karakoram. 

For full derails of the many 
choices available, write or 
ring for our brochure. 

P&O Air 


77 New Oxford Street, London WQA IFF 
Telephone (01) 831122L 

From only £695 

On July 29 you can set sail on 
luxurious QE2. Stay ip to 

15 editing days in trie United 
States before flying home free. 
This fantastic price includes all 
meals and entertainment on 
your 5 days aboard QE2. 
This prfceisava3abteonall 
QF7 sailings to New 'forte 
August 16 . 27 September 7, 26 
and October 7. ■ 

Space on board is Dmied. 
so call Cunard now on 
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to your travel agent. 

This one 
will run 
and run 

Once the strawberry crop is 
over, the plants will start to 
produce runners. These do not 
in any way diminish the 
vigour of the parent plant and 
it is perfectly all right to let 
them run unless you grow 
your strawberries in perfect 

1 f you need new plants to fill 
in gaps or to plant up a new 
bed. you should select runners 
from your best plants. You 
can take four or five -from 
each. Taking each runner in 
turn, gently press the plantlet 
nearest to the parent plant into 
a small pot filled with potting 
compost which you embed in 
the soil. Secure each plantlet 
in its pot with a U-shaped 
piece of wire and snip off the 
growth which extends beyond. 
Make sure none of the 
planllcis dry out. 


• Check early potatoes and 
begin lifting if they are ready. 

• Dig op tendrils of bindweed 
with a hand trowel before they 
get a hold on other plants. 

• Tidy strawberry bed, remov- 
ing dead leaves and straw, 

• Place a tile or slate beneath 
small cucumbers and pomp- 
kins to keep them off the soiL 

• Feed outdoor chrysanthe- 
mums and dahlias. 



TO PEKING £2275.00 

Guaranteed departures ex Hong Kong on doily basis. 

ALSO: S 3 k Rood Toars, and Chino Groups ex UK. 


f -fffl raR 10 Rose Crescent Cambridge CB2 3LL 

(0223) 311103 Tfltex 81882 PTA KOI. ABTAAATA 

Multiplier the strawberry 

By mid to late August the 
plants should be well rooted 
Tbe umbilical runner should 
be severed close to the new 
plant which can then be 
planted in its new position. 
Strawberries should be plant- 
ed about 12 inches apart with 
18 inches between rows. You 
will get a better crop if you 
prepare the new bed by dig- 
ging in compost or well-rotted 
manure with bone meal and 
rock phosphate. 

Francesca Greenoak 

• Divide dwarf and bearded 
irises in three-year-old beds 
and replant the best rhizomes. 
Cut back the leaves to six to 
nine inches. 

• Plant nerines shallowly in 
mild southern gardens and 
autumn crocus two to three 
inches deep where they remain 



ate injoWcJrec yr dena . May «e show 
you wtol can be dotjc with qW 
Flowering Tim and ShnbL Rfl» 
Fran Trees and Bosbes. Cftrtifcra. 

H crises and Bolder Ptantt?9<H*ge 
(l 7p tump pfcxse or phone 0452 
740266. UK mainland onbl jrojn 


(16) WMtninster. GtaucesMr GL2 7PL 

TIBET £390 

This is not a mans 1 12 days from 
Kathmandu to Uasa and bade, pat 
£ 390 . Use Cyrinfl Bus in Ctofi. 
Walking and fttantura hoUays 

01-870 0151 (24 hra) 
Brads* EraaMas tat TOO. 
W WadnMidi Mb SktaC 
LMdOT 5 W 1 I 4 LE. 


Bdi wamuratf 

home-from-home for the few travel- 
lens determined enough to reach 

In 1911 Chini Bagh was officially 
deemed a consulate-general to bring it 
into line with the rival Russian 
establishment, and in 1913 
Macartney was knighted. By then 
Britain and Russia were allies and the 
century-long threat to India appeared 
to be over. But then came the Russian 
Revolution, and a new menace — 

Macartney’s successor was Colonel 
Percy Etherton of the Indian Secret 
and Political Department, a formida- 
ble and at times ruthless man who 
between 1918 and 1922 fought a one- 
man war against the Bolsheviks from 
Kashgar. With a powerful radio 
receiver in Chini Bagh he was able to 
intercept their secret wireless conver- 
sations and pick up their plans for 
Bolshevizing India. 

He proved such a menace that the 
Russians put a heavy price on his 
head, and tried in vain to persuade 
the Chinese to let them reoccupy 
Petrovsky’s old consulate-generaL 

Pigsties now stand where 
English fruit trees grew 

Today neither power has a listen- 
ing-post in Kashgar. Britain’s loneli- 
est outpost was finally dosed down 
when Mao came to power. Petrov- 
sky's old consulate still stands, serv- 
ing as a guest-house for offidal 
visitors and tourists. With its yellow- 
washed walls and distinctly Russian 
architecture, it still preserves some of 
its old atmosphere. 

But Chini Bagh has long since come 
down in the world, and until recently 
was used as an overnight halt for 
long-distance truck drivers plying the 
Silk Road. Lady Macartney would 
not recognize it today. When I last 
saw them, the once beautiful gardens 
were a wasteland, pigsties standing 
where English fruit trees and other 
European flora once grew. 

The residence itself, once tbe 
smartest in Kashgar, was uncared for, 
its walls cracked and peeling, the 
woodwork decaying. Only the nail 
holes over the gateway remained to 
show where the huge royal coat of 
arms used to hang, while the court- 
yard, once the parking place for the 
sedan chairs of visiting mandarins, 
was littered with pieces of broken 
machinery. Now I hear it is being 
refurbished as a hostel for 

But for the visitor who seeks it out. 
Chini Bagh is still a poignant remind- 
er of the high days of the Great Game 
when the British intelligence services 
were the finest in the world. 

Peter Hopkirk, author of several books 
on Central Asia, is currently writing 
one on the Great Game. 


Everybody knows Canter- 
bury's Cathedral, but how 
many are aware that it is 
possible to take a boat right 
through' the old part of the 
city, and gain a good idea of 
how it must have appeared to 
the pilgrims of the Middle 

I hired a rowing boat from 
Canterbury Tours, a friendly 
company which charges £1.60 
an hour, but beware you don’t 
become so entranced by the 
river journey that you over- 
step your time limit. Trowed 
upstream, bn a tributary of the 
Great Stour that was original- 
ly forded to furnish fish for the 

The trout are still there, 
darting and weaving in the 
clear water, and as I passed 
underneath a succession of 
low bridges and ancient budd- 
ings it was easy to imagine 
myself back in medieval Can- 
terbury, when the soft splash 
of the oars would mingle with 
Gregorian chants and .the 
summoning of bells. 

On a hot summer day the 
immediate vicinity of the 
Cathedral can be as crowded 
as anywhere in London but 
the equally picturesque river- 
side buildings amply repay the 
discriminating wanderer. 

The area behind the Cathe- 
dral — and the lanes that 
follow the river’s course — all 
appear much as they must 
have done to Chaucer, assum- 


dress, krte-fiymg, an 
escapologist, competitions. 

Saitram House. 

Sw iti&i 

Today. 5-1 0pm. 

v l TW7, i f 

Annual fair which this year 
re-enacts tbe storming of the 
castle — made of timber . 
during the previous week by 
local residents. Street ■ 
entertainment from 11am, 
Grand Tourney at 2pm, 
storming of castte at 4pm. 

The Vineyards, Tewkesbury 
Abbey, Tewkesbury, 
Gloucestershire. Today, 
1lam-7pm. Free. 

DAY: North country games and 
customs. Traction engines, 
whippet racing . 

Beamish Hall. Stanley, Co 
Durham (0207 321811). 
Tomorrow, 10am-6pm. 

Adult £1 .20, child free. 

SUOELEY: Performance of 
Twelfth Night tonight in the 
beautiful castle grounds. Also 
flower festival, which runs 
until Tues. 

Sudeley Castle. 

Wrnchcombe, Gtos (0242 
602308). Today. Grounds 
open 1 1am-5pm, castle noon- 
5pm. Adult £2.95, child 

Jody Froshaog 


Expert? fed sma I protos- IB days 
Steppes <M Count Asia from 5795. 
Also 21 daw Blade Sea & Caucasus: 
28 Says Oira SDk Road. 21 flays 
Uongwa £ Mancfiima md. a tiret- 
trm* wsd » North Korea, me 
fcrttuKen Land, other tours ro 
Europe. Egypt, Jordan, Zara. 
Thaftnd. Into. Peru. etc. For 
tirochura contact: 

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7 H*h St, Aldershot. Hants 
*0252 319448 <24tns) 


Short Breaks 

Special offers to: 

The Hague 
Geneva - 

From £75.00 with flights 
by BCAL from Gatwkk 
and two nights Hotel 

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Chester Close 
London SW1X7BQ. 
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New lives 
for old 

fo today's throw-away society 
raew might seem to be little 
tonaod for make do and 

mend, wii^ has a toaster or as 

iron repaired when ft is cheap- 
er to buy anew one’And if yon 
”® ^? ve somethii^ valuable or 
special which yon want re- 
paired, where do yon find a 
craftsman? We have searched 
ontsojne of the best of (hose 
based in London. 


Chaites Clements, 4-5 

Buriingtan Arcade, wi (Ot-493 

Renovation, rebristling and 
polishing of a silver brush is 
h«»y or wood from 
£401 Other services include the 
replacement of glass in mirrors 
— a simple silver hand mirror 
would be about £40 - and of 
combs in their mounts, £22_5Q 

Richard Holmes, I 

B arwi CT Wd Road. SW|0I- 

AM types of woodwork repairs 
from Victorian tea caddies to 
7ft wardrobes. Chairs are 
Richard Holmes 's speciality 
and he will dismantle and re- 

£35. His work includes 
lacquering. Intricate carving 
and repairing marquetry — a 
very complicated piece 
might cost about £450. 
Gleave & Co, ID St John 
Street, ECI (01-2531345) 
Gleave' s charges are modest 
and the work excellent They 
will accept repairs to old wrist 
watches, antique clocks, 
pocket watches— and if parts 
are no longer available they win 
make them. Estimates are free. 

F. W. Aldridge, Elizabethan 
Works, 2 Ivy Road, EI7 (01-539 

Specialists in blue glass [filings 
for silverware, they can re-line 
any piece of silver tableware 
from £7. 

Exact matches can also be 
made to order. Stoppers can 
be ground down to fit any type 
of neck. 

Individual drinking glasses can 
hav&chips ground down and 
polished for about £1 .75. 

Bland and Son, 24b Netting 
H» Gate, WO (H-229 67B) 

Ail types of handbag and 
luggage repairs are 
undertaken. Replacement 
handles cost from £8 to £10, 
stitching zips, 55p per inch. 

Joseph James Cries, 48 
Roderick Road, NW3 (01-340 

Anything from a leather screen 
to a sedan chair can be - 
undertaken. Chairs cost from 
£30 to restore. A stuffed dining 
chair would be from £100. 

Desk tops are also re- 
leathered from Q0 to £100. 

Penfriend, 7 Newbury Street, 
ECI (0-606 6542) 

Repairs can be carried out on 
almost any kind of antique or 
modem pen. To overhaul a 
vintage pen (more than 10 
years oid) costs about £5.20. 


Bravingtons, 75 Fleet Street, 
EC4 (01-353 3476). 

They wHl replate, repoCsh and 
restore old silver and copper — 
anything from gallery trays to 
tea services — Trom about £35 
td£5£ Restoring rings is a 
speciality, however thin and 
worn, and seal engraving can 
be, done on signet rings from 
£70, or from 320 if engraved 
on a stone. Watch repairs are 
undertaken if the condition is 

T^Fpk and Co, R8 London 
WBH, EC2 <01-606 4720) 
Recovering costs from 0L5O to 
£25. Single broken ribs cost 
E3J5Q each or £5 tor two. A 
c&hptete re-frame is £7. 
Elab orate parasols can often 
be restored. The company 
makes umbrellas to order and 

£ 120 . 

Beryl Downing 




Cash in on the profligacy of the mint 

Shona Crawford Poole turns to the 
East and West for inspiration 

Diana Laadtwtter 

h does not do to dismiss 
cooking's cliches. Take mint 
and its ongoing relationship 
with new potatoes, peas and, 
of course lamb. The Iamb 
association is interesting. It 
might reasonably be a mar- 
riage of purely local conve- 
nience based on the ease, nay 
profligacy, with which mint in 
its many forms grows in this 
country. It is the least temper- 
amental and most indestnicli- 
| ble of garden herbs. 

But Iamb rs also the staple 
j meat of the Middle East and 
mint is one of the area's most 
widely used herbs. There 
scholars believe they have 
I been used together since the 
Exodus when the children of 
. Israel were commanded to eat 
roast meat with bitter herbs at 
the first feast of the Passover. 
The variety known here as 
horsemim is thought to have 
been one of those bitter herbs. 

Thus the Last Supper, eaten 
during Passover, probably 
consisted of roast Iamb with 
mint, and in commemoration 
of that meal, it became the 
Paschal Iamb of Christian 
culinary tradition. 

Mint has such a strong 
personality that it is a tricky 
herb to experiment with. The 
outcome is likely to be gor- 
geous or ghastly. I say mint, 
singular, but there are innu- 
merable varieties because 
mints have no inhibitions 
about breeding with their 
relations. Some have softer 
flavours than others so taste 
mint before using it and take 
the quantities specified in 
recipes only as a guide. 

(n a sparkling new book 
called The Complete Meze 
Table (Ebury Press, £8.95), 

Rosamund Man offers several 
recipes for dukkahs , moreish 
mixtures of nuts, seeds and 
herbs which are. the street 
snacks of the eastern Mediter- 
ranean. They are sold in little 
paper pokes to be eaten with 
pitta bread clipped in olive oil. 
Here is her recipe for iauz. 
na'na wa kuzbari. a hazelnut, 
mint and coriander dukkah. 
Hazelnut, mint and coriander 

Serves six to eight 

225g (8oz) shelled hazelnuts 
55g (2oz) coriander seeds 

6 tablespoons chopped fresh 

Maiden or sea salt 

Grill the hazelnuts and corian- 
der seeds separately, until 
browned but not burnt, then 
grind them briefly. 

The mixture is always a 
very dry one. with the nuts 
lightly crushed or finely 
chopped rather than com- 
pletely pulverized, so if using a 
blender or spice grinder just 
whizz it very briefly. The 
secret is to release the flavour 
but not the oils, or the mix 
turns into a paste and will then 
go rancid if not eaten 

Mix the nut and seed mix- 
ture with the mint and a good 
pinch of salt 

Two Middle Eastern salads 
I particularly enjoy are 
cracked wheat with herbs and 
yogurt with cucumber. Both 
use mint and both are child's 
play to make. Proportions of 
ingredients are infinitely vari- 
able — these are mine. 

Forbuighul salad make sure 
you have the finely cracked 
wheal which looks like coarse 

Burghul salad 

Serves six _ 

170g (6oz) brughul 

1 bunch spring onions, 
finely chopped 

1 handful flat-leafed parsley 

leaves, finely chopped 

24 mint leaves, finely chopped 
4 tablespoons lemon juice 
4 tablespoons good olive oil 


Freshly ground black pepper 
Put the burghul in a bowl and 
cover it with cold water. Leave 

it to soak for about 20 
minutes, then drain off the 
water. Wring out handfuls of 
the soaked burghul and return 
it to the bowl. 

Stir in the chopped spring 
onions, parsley and mint, 
followed by the lemon juice, 
olive oil and salt and pepper to 
taste. Mix well and leave it to 
stand for half an hour before 

Burghul salad can be eaten 
* on its own. with grilled meat, 
or traditionally as one of 
several dishes in a selection of 

dips and salads. The same 
applies to this yogurt and 
cucumber salad. Use thick, 
creamy, strained greek yogurt. 

Yogurt and cucumber salad 

Serves six 

225g (8 oz) strained greek 


Vi cucumber 

1 clove garlic, crushed 

12 mint leaves, finely chopped 


Freshly ground black pepper 
Tum the yogurt into a bowL 

Dice the cucumber finely, and 
add it to the yogurt with the 
garlic, chopped mint and salt 
and pepper to taste. Mix well 
and chill until needed. Serve 
with hot pitta bread. 

Mint is a popular flavouring 
in north African kitchens. 
Mint tea. a sweetened infusion 
of green tea and fresh mint is a 
Moroccan speciality. The herb 
and spice combination for the 
following marinade was sug- 
gested by a Moroccan dish. 
Spring chickens, poussins. are 
used here, but chicken pieces 

may be used the same way. 
Herb basted poussIn 
Serves four 

4 poussins 

2 cloves garlic, crushed 

4 tablespoons chopped 
coriander leaves _ 

4 tablespoons chopped 
mint leaves 

1 teaspoon chopped oregano 

4 tablespoons oil 

2 tablespoons lemon juice 

1 tablespoon paprika 

1 teaspoon ground cumin 

Using poultry shears or kitch- 
en scissors, cut the poussins in 
halves, discarding the spine 
and parson's nose. Trim off 
the wing-tips. 

Using a processor or pestle 
and mortar, reduce the garlic, 
coriander. minL oregano, oil 
lemon juice, paprika, cumin 
and salt to a paste. Rub it all 
over the birds and leave them 
lo marinate for several hours. 

Transfer them to an ojled 
baking tin and bake them in a 
preheated moderately hot 
oven (200°C/400°F. gas mark 
6) for about 45 minutes, or 
until completely cooked. The 
marinade bakes to a rich, 
blistered glaze. Serve with rice 
or potatoes and a salad. 

A mint julep is not the kind 
of drink that is merely poured 
or mixed. It is a drink that 
American novelists have their 
heroes build with ceremony. 
Belying its frivolous name, a 
mint julep is serious drinking. 

The requirements are ice. 
bourbon, sugar and lots of 
fresh minL Take a highball 
glass or tumbler and fill it in 
the American fashion with 
crushed ice. Add a sugar cube 
and then pour in a generous 
measure of bourbon (rye whis- 
ky). Top with sprigs of minL 
No shaking, no mixing. 



with kitsch 

On high summer evenings, the 
Finchley Road acquires an 
Improbable sublimity. The 
race track from central Lon- 
don to the Ml becomes' a 
canyon winding towards the 
sun through great red cliffs. 
The scope should be vast 
refugees from the tyrannies of 
the 1930s, optimistic Caribbe- 
an immigrants in the 1950s. 
countless foreign students — 
aU these have passed through 
and eaten here: many have 

In reality the range of 
cuisines available is probably 
more indicative of catering 
traders' opportunism than of 
the area's ethnographic mix: 
certainly there are a few 
middle European places and 
several which observe kosher 
practice, but the range is 
essentially that which is to be 
expected where there is a large 
transient population. 

Avoid the Satay Jaya, a 
more or less elegant Malaysian 
place with plenty of smoked 
mirror glass. Almost every- 
thing lasted startlingly nasty: 
flaccid noodles, fried noodles 
dense with chemical flavour- 
ing, foul beef rendang, soapy 
satay sauce, and the satay 
itself chewy as rosin. The air 
conditioning is very good. £27 
for two. 

Between here and Dynasty 
are. inter alia* the first “shop” 
in Britain to sell shares, a 
tattoo parlour, two night clubs 
and a couple of dozen lan- 

Frands Mosley 


i i 



guage schools whose first-year 
students evidently include 
most of Finchley Road's wait- 
ers. At Sclav Jaya I had asked 
for a jug of water and was told 
I had to have it by the glass — 
because “we have pour 
service” (mimes pouring from 
jug. insouciant of pun). At 
Dynasty you order by pointing 
to the numbers beside the 
dishes which are from the 
repertoires of Peking and 

It is worth trying the dump- 
lings filled with minced pork 
and dressed with chilli oil and 
garlic, caramelized beef with 
chilli and carrots, and 
“seaweed", which is within 
the capability of anyone with a 
box on his lawn-mower and a 
deep fryer. A plateful of wun 
tun looked like the wings of 
bats attacked by an araonisL 

But this is a sound establish- 
ment with an evidently regu- 
lar clientele, which is always a 
promising sign. Quite why so 
many of the customers should 
drink wine is a mystery, the 
thing to drink is tea. If you 
must have alcohol you might 
as well go for bust and hit one 
of the rice-based oddities fla- 
voured by lizard, snake or 
unborn rat (they all taste of 
dry old paper). Without alco- 
hol you’ll pay about £25 for 

At Laurent you'll pay no 
more for a meal that does 
include wine, a richly comic 
little number from Casablanca 
I called Chante Bled. This is a 
I Tunisian place, though the 
j decor is beginner's 
Jacobethan. as kitsch as the 
i limestone-clad houses 

The menu offers a handful 

of basic French dishes, such as 
steak au poivre and entrecote 
beamaise, and “international" 
ones — prawn cocktail, scampi 
with tartare sauce and so on. 

The point of the place, 
however, is couscous, which is 
the best in London. The broth 
to moisten the grain contains 
chick peas, carrots, tomatoes, 
stewed lamb fillet and stewed 
ox tongue. The chilli sauce 
called harissa. which is mixed 
with spoonfuls of the broth 
according to the strength of 
your stomach and the mas- 
ochism of your tongue, is 
presented here in an unusually 
liquid form. The accompany- 
ing char-grilled meat includes 
the usual chunks of lamb, 
lamb chops, merguez (beef 
sausages cut with chilli). 

After you have eaten this, 
you're unlikely to want any- 
thing but mint tea or Turkish 
coffee and a taxi home. But be 
warned: a couple of hours 
after eating it you will have 
swollen alarmingly. 

Laurent is a jolly place with 
three generations of the family 
in the kitchen, prompt and 
competent service, and a volu- 
ble clientele which should 
learn that the way lo eat hrik a 
foeuf without gening it down 
your front is to eat it with your 
hands, holding it at the edges 
— otherwise it’s your shirt that 
will be the bun of the yolk... As 
I say. approximately £25 for 

Jonathan Meades 

Satay Jaya, 17v18 New 
College Parade, Finchley 
Road, London NW3 (01 -722 
9605). Open daily 12.30- 
2.30pm, 6-1 0.30pm. 

Dynasty, 291 Finchley 
Road, London NW3 (01-794 
59 20). Open Mon-Thurs fr- 
it pm; Fri-Sun 1-11pm. 

Laurent, 428 Finchley 
Road, London NW2 (01-794 
3603). Open Mon-Sat noon- 
5L30pm and 6-1 1 pm; Sun I 

Q Cooking 
Utensils © Tableware 

Write or call for our new 
1986 Catalogue. 48 pages 
(many in colour). Price £2.50. 

68/72 Marytebone Lane, 
London W1M 5FETeL 01-935 0689. 

139/141 Fulham Road, 
London SW3 6SD. TeL 01-581 8065. 

Crack open a bottle for a crustacean 

Last summer I sat on the 
beach at Robin Hood's Bay in 
Yorkshire, for three sunny 
days in a row, devouring the 
delicious, fresh local crab and 
washing it down with a series 
of different white wines. 

As it happens it was not all 
play on that beach, for 1 had 
forgotten how rich and strong- 
ly flavoured crab meat can be. 
My first vinous partner for the 
crab was a reasonable Beaujo 
lais Blanc from the Loran. a 
well-known negotiant house, 
bought somewhat surprisingly 
at the local shop, ft is a 
Beaujolais rarity that know- 
alls order in restaurants just to 
annoy the wine waiter and to 
show oft* to their guests. It 
paled beside the pungent crab 
that still smelled and tasted of 
the sea. 

The second wine was a 
pleasant enough, minor white 
burgundy, a Macon-Villages 
from Georges Duboueuf that 
had admittedly been rattling 
around in the back of my car 
all week, but once again it 
could not cope with the fla- 
vourofthe crab. By now I was 

determined to find a match for 
this difficult crustacean. A trip 
into Whitby provided the 
answer with a bin-end bottle 
of an excellent full-flavoured, 
oaky, Portuguese white from 
Caves St Joao in the Bainada. 

Oysters, mussels and other 
fatty seafoods need acidic 
white wines capable of cutting 
through their oily richness. 
Muscadet is the one which 
springs to most people’s 
minds and. predictable choice 
though it may be. it is still one 
of the besL Avoid the rock- 
bottom priced Muscadets 
though, for these astringent 
enamel-crackers are an insult 
to oysters and tastebuds. 

Majestic Wine Warehouses 
are currently selling the deli- 
cious flowery '83 Chateau de 
TOiseliniere de la Ramee 
priced at £3.49. If you have 
never spent more than £2 a 
bottle on MuscadeL now is the 
time to trade up. 

Chablis is the other obvious 
choice, but its price is now 
ridiculously high. The only 
chablis bargain I know of is 
Marks & Spencer's admirable 


'84 Chablis from the La 
Chablissiene co-operative, 
whose pale greeny-gold colour 
and steely, vegetal style is well 
worth its £5.50 price. 

A fine buttery Chardonnay, 
either from France or the New 
World, would be perfect with 
salmon which is rich, but not 
as taxing on the digestion as 
lobster or crab. One of the best 
value for money California 
Chardonnays available at the 
moment is Cl os du Bois's 
barrel-fermented '84 
Chardonnay from the Alexan- 

der Valley. I much enjoyed its 
pleasant touch of oaky spici- 
ness (Les Amis du Vin, 51 
Chiltem StreeL London Wl, 

The Sauvignon grape also 
has its place in the fishy 
spectrum and a fine Touraine 
Sauvignon is good with oily 
fish such as herrings and 

The sweet meat of coquilles 
St Jacques also goes well with 
Sauvignon. Recently 1 tasted 
Henry Ryman’s '85 Chateau 
La Jaubenie Bergerac Sec, 
which is a cold-fermented 
blend of 25 per cent 
Sauvignon. 70 per cent 
Semilion and 5 per cent 
Muscadelle. I loved its won- 
derful elderflower and goose- 
berry scent, backed by a 
refreshingly crisp, full-fla- 
voured palate. 

Priced at £2.95 from Majes- 
tic Wine Warehouses, it is Mr 
Ryman's best Bergerac Sec 
vintage so far. And it would 
have gone down a treat in 
Robin Hood's Bay. 

Jane MacQuitty 

One good deal 



z:~- CARDS 


leads to another. 

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the finest Fino sherry. 

Alsace and 
heaven too! 

It’s not jusr the superb cuisine of Jean Schillinger, 
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Or the specially selected wines from five of the 
finest houses in Alsace. 

Above all, its the exciting ambience and faultless 
service of one of the finest restaurants in London. 

Ailthis, at the Mirabelie. 

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Save with Swissairt 
Super Apex. 
Geneva daily on con- 
venient afternoon 
flights. And daily 
flights to Basle 
(except Sundays). 
Book and pay 14days 
before departure. 

Stay in Switzerland 
at least until the 
Sunday afterarrivaL 
Bookings and full 
conditions from 
travel agents or 


AUGUST AVAL Terrific Hoi 
Turkey Spend a week rrtaxing 
j| our prlvW beach Mid. then 
a Meek cruising on our yacht 
(or UCO inc (U. H B. tree 
w WOfB lw* A other combi- 
nauom pass. Aba fits only lr 
£99. ai 326 1006. 


Mss ai mi tor yar Msd S«*ng 
M oi a We wne. Lady Mrtttw s a 
S3 to jam tads. Based n Wo- 
lous Puerto Sms. uatalb Brftsh 
Dew, Stos 9 n comft Darter as 

S ow o> just {tn* cstv Coma & pm 
s STABS at (to eotusim reota 
Spots in UatMft or sri to the Bre- 
am (stands or Ta>v«5 The dmce 
is yon Tow M Hoi padaw m- 
chides (its. Blast & WWt-Sna 
otter m JiAy/Aug. Ire* drtnta iR the 

{zss-srMSs a «k 

Ur Pater. 061 494 501 MD 
71*77. PS Majatca & the Canty 
isumh are iu9 some of me tec*- 
non aval dung me VHmv Season. 

CRUISE Tartar 12 berth crewed 
motor yacht 2 wits fr £426 00 
Inc Pis Whole bon available 
other weeks from £1000. Free 
W sports, h. b Ol 326 1005- 
Atal 2091. 

TURKEY no - Yacht, singles wet- 
come W surf. W ski fr £160 
wk *• flL Mdbal 0243 674333 

r; '1 




MAY 87 to JAN 88 

Join pin or all of this 
historical voyage on one 
of" the group of squire 
riggers. Early bookings 
ensure berths aboard the 
pick of die Beet. 


Prices from £798 




24-HOUta BROCHURE: «-«R7Bl 




ing. None Motorway. Safari 
Landrover. Deport London tale 
July. Details caU (04361 883251 

















(0883) 45267 

(24kr a o mer ia g serrinj 

HOLLAND Amsterdam centraXy 
Mealed fully equipped 3 room 
holiday apartment £300 pw + 
refundable depcsOaOlCMlJ 

Available Aug 16Ui- De Luxe 
Con age steeps 4 a Acres 
Ground. 300 Yds Safe Beach. 
TcL 0326-75361 



MflTCtaM Urony House. 4 dbte 
Bedrooms Bathrooms. Large 
Swimming Pool & Garden. Inc 
Maid Sen tee « Hire CAr. Rent 
LS Dollars Si 750 pw to 1SU1 
November. TeL 0262 21 SOS . 



la&. Apts A Tavern* to m all 
price ranges & all ape grows. 
1.U 3 a bedrao avail. Tel 
Monarch Villas A Apartments. 
(0532) 455773. 419898 AST A 
ATOL 1821 

MENORCA Tramontana villas, 
pm airly owned. alpa S A 
swimming POOL Tel; 0450 

MAJORCA AndraUx Port. Luxo-. 
ry apart. Sea. beach, pool 
Aug Sew 0325 640931 eves. 

MENORCA .private. De line villas 
A apt. nr Cogsi with car. Aui + 
Xmas. Details Ten 02403 7193 



Relax In the sun 12 months d 
the year. Selection of prnate 

vdlas and apo to Slit nMual 
reouirenierts Some with pri- 
vate pools at PUgto del Car- 
men, Pteya de Fanara & Ptaya 
Blanca. Prime dosWki dose to 
beautiful teaches. Cranpefltiw 
rates, winter or summer. 


(0245) 282 496 


Rebut in the sun 12 months of 
the year. Selection of prime 
villas and apes to suit individ- 
ual requirement!. Some with 1 
private pooh ai Puerto del 
Carmen. Plays de Ramon & 
Plays Blanca. Prime Position 
dose to beautiful beac he s. 
Competitive rates, winter or 



(0245)262 496 


Superior privately owned 
vRas 4 apartments tasteMy 
funtished & stpatWy sttuated 
near baautfhi beaches. Many 
with private pool Very 
reasonable prices tar sum- 
mer aid whiter holidays vrith 
daps, from several ua ports, 
m-tor fte I colour broch u re s . 

ITT riiTTiiiilav-’l re 

01-449 7441 
ATOL 2157 

I PtaJB HL Avallabttty at lovely 
apartments tpeolL Los 
Crtottonos. 0606 613182. 

Nairobi. JoUtnj, Orinx Dubai, 
Istanbul. Singapore, Ki. Delhi. 
Bangkok, Hong Kong, Sydney, 
Europe, & The Americas, 

7fi Sbaftcjiwty Avenue 
London WJV 7DG. 
01-439 0102 
Open Saturday 1O88-13J0 

TUSCANY Large home with 
several e studio surrounded ol- 
Ive trees> vine yards. 26 nuns 
Florence. 35 Sonin. 5 bedims. 
3 balbmts. completely raodem- 
Wd August/ September 

£ 2.000 per mui. Other mtfas 
£1.500. Tel 01403 3207 

FLORENCE Studio house sleeps 
2.'3.QuM. central, in large gar- 
den. Pool. Ol 703 3671 
imitl converted cottage 1 hr 
AuM. Avtal after 13,9/86. 
£J to n-w. 0273 736731 


bland (3tm Itn Savannah). 
Exdua resort in exmaervauon 
area. Seaside hot apart. Stas 
max 6. Golf, vaunts, sailing etc. 
Fra £150 p.w_ Tel 977 1811 


:h il '.I i I , 


01 486 9356 

Discount Flights 

From o/way RTN 

Qriro El 55 £220 

Katmandu £240 £448 

OsH £220 £355 

Bangkok £220 ESSO 

Kuaia Lumpur £225 £415 

Austraia £355 £579 


7 Maddox Street 
London W1 

01-629 2684 



‘ Crowed Charter -. 



• BtoeSpoclIawlUd 
24Hour|BbdMriOl^O930EH “ 

Unspoilt, Interesting, 
and very pretty ” 

The London Slnnds.’d 




Luxury Koflday vitas and 
Apartments on ooasL 15 
mins, from Canons. Private 
svrimmkig pool, sandy teach. 
From £M pjn. 

Chnvta Tnwl (Motany) Ud 

TeL 01-941 2799 

ABTA 18771 

ilnlramurosL Apt for 2 avaU 
21/7-4. a date beach, shops, 
restaurants. No or iweded- 
Mrs. Barker. IQ793) 770219. 
UMC VALUEV Charming Ange- 
vin Cottage In Grounds of 16C 
Moled ChaMau by River. Sips 6. 
Avail MM Aug onwards. £260 
pw. Tel: Ol Z?I 0691 
P0HB08 M: Fiffly lu ctlwnlsed 
country cottage. Large garden. 
Available 23rd August on- 
wards. £140 p.w. OZ7? 7381 22 
ANNECY apartment available 
September, near lake, sleeps 6. 
pool. £180 pw. (0962771 2404 
COGNAC Country . Lovely restord 
larmhM. Pool. SUn 8. Sete/Oct 
£180 pw. OIO 33 46 94 93 98. 
ON Stima REACH vnias- Apts 
Aug- RedTn. ctiarnung resort 
W.Coost 0222 700749. 



Belle ^Vir 


CORFU Sunday 112027 July + 
every Sun In Aug. Beautiful vil- 
las. fully emdsped nr the beach. 
Ex catwtefc. Open Sal. pan 
World HoMdays Ol 734 2S62 

Oops 18-23 July bie 
MancheaHT, Bteteng ham . 
Ganriefc. Luton. H a aMs ow. Your 
local agent or Nte Air HOfetays. 


I IlMI* 14 II . 

0345 581141 
(Loot a* ebaigs oafy) 

GOTO. Lovely converted mouse 
with swimming pool. cook, cy- 
cles. windsurfer, sips IO. Aval] 
6 Se©t onwards. (0666)862071 





Lovely pnvately oamad 
vffla. steeps 7. pool. maid. 
BvaRabte 24 iify-7 Aug 
and 21 Aug-4 Sept Also 
avaUabte oft season. 

E300 par email inc. 

TeL 0701 31248 


We stn hwe a ten stwowus va» 
ma ornse pools an tea Aigmre. As 
wtfl as Vita aid Uarvx Houses on 
the Costa VtoBe tor iMp seasm 
♦ Free or w 
♦ Fiat Aim bonded 


B892G 64245. am tzst 



lowly privately owned 
v#a. stents 7. pod. maid, 
avaitebte 24 July - 7 Aug 
and 21 Aug - 4 Sept Abo 
Bvadabto off 

and 21 Aug - 4 Sept Also 
BvafeWe oh season. 
£300 par weak inc. 

Tel 07131 248. 

LUXURY VILLAS wtth pool A de- 
luxe Hotels. Holidays sUU 
avaUabte for July, Aug. Chome 
(ram vidamoura. Ateufeira A 
Carvoetro. CUy Tr»<L Ol 680 
8191. ABTA. 


Italy- off the 
tourist track. 

Beautiful, tzaaqwl 
RaveOo lies just along the 
coast from busy, bustling 
Sorrento. Two worida— 
yet only one hoor^ drive 
separates them. Ma gic of 
Italy ofes yoo villas with 
pools and 
hotels in RaveDo, 
away from die mass 
tour operators. Mate a 
Magic choice now. 

01-719 7149 (24 fare) for 
FREE colour brochure. 

Magicof Italy Ltd, 47 

Shepherds Bush Green, 
London W128PS. 

owned villa, sieens 6/8. Mam. 
Pool Sea view. Available July 
16Ui to 3tn became of lau 
mmine canceUancn. From 
£160 pw. Tel: 0635 201038 

HotMays o* dUUnctton far Uie 
very lew. Tel: 01-491 0802- 73 
SI. Janes's Street. SWi. 

QUINTA da LASO Luxury lake- 
side mu. stps 10 . pool moM. 
Avail Ale 28m August onward. 
Tcf 0905 715078. 

ALCARVE. Lux villas wOh pods 
& apis. Avail Jut, OCt. 01 409 
2838. vinavvortd. 

17 MY - Faro seats ex hrw 
£ 1» I2wltl PPH COD 499 

ALGARVE. Vina, wtth pools The 
VHa Agency. 01-824 8474. 


AUKRU Superior villa, steeps 
8. near QOU course, shared 
swimming pool, tugh season 
■ gun available. £20000 per 
week- Tel 0473 41273. 

EXTEPONA. Prw Villa. 3 OH PCd 
all with bad). Prvl Garden. 
Sri 'Pool Beach. Supe rp viewv 
AvaU Auo 'Sep* Fr 
Details Ptume: 0634 36274 

TUSCANY. Beatmfid flai nr Porto 
ErcoK ui converted fattorta. 
large private terrace and gar- 
den. Sleeps 8 To be rented 
June July Aug Sept- Phone 
01-736 1132 for dcfcjfl*. 

01-434 0734 JUptMT Travel. 

Homely ftnnh uta e b» and 
evening meat. AA listed. Pri- 
vate trout Rshtng. 1083786)208 
TMKKMV stwerbM view lovely 
gardens, hoc house. On* apis, 
col TV pete, children ad year 
hois. AA rev 0803 226«6 (U 
MtAMSCOMRC. cnamUng cot- 
tage. sleeps 4. Rom £146 P.W. 
0240 34780. 

■jmaxx, tomsa is. 19/7 cag. 

FUghUMBler 441 0122 24 hr. 

■UMFOilD AREA. High standard. 
deUteKftil character cottages 
and art- Avafi from I9di July. 
Pets welcome. 0993 841276 
MOUTH CPT W O H 8. OtaUind- 
Ino C 1 7Di rorma- inn . A 6ouMe 
beds. (uUy eoulpptd. garden. 
Hottday lets. Ol 736 1836. 
coovsnrras barm in w. Oxon 
VUtege. Secluded Sth Faring 
gdn. alps 6. £280pw 0993 2463 

8WII IUUHO Scheduled rttebto 
01-724 2388 ABTA ATOL 


tourney by ' public transport 
tram Tokyo to Hong Kong 
through Japan. Korea and Tai- 
wan for £695. Departures 
Autumn and Soring. Phone 
Traiinndera. 01 60S 1516. 

UK Holidays 

for a 


AA*** RAC*** 

3 nigh ra bed aDd fdQ 
Welsh Bftakfist in a twin 
or double room. 

£128 for 2 persons 
(subject ot availability) 
For colour brochure A 
short break leaflex please 
write or pb one 

0834 812304 


Le PoussIb Restaurant 

Srtintta NEWfOfiESTanbtemumtei bs<Bnd.txm> tom 
Waterloo l Uss s ps t ovaSabia tarn statical). 

One of Britan's mart op and nsbaaNs Nov fees 

bodmoos a e sikMa . Bed m! Bnaktat 06/00. 

S Course Coirart Dinner iod. VOSS £23. 

For fortkec dotaite pbm phone 0690 23088. 


500 yards beach A town centre. 
Large or park. T. V. A tea-trek- 
ing all rooms. Fantastic food. 
Very Highly Hera— M 
£]29p.w. BBftCM 

KENMNOTON mi Lux Serviced 
arts Col TV. untcorn Ltd. IB 
EMn Cres. Wtl Ol 461 3094 

Darter Cfciae Read 
Weslcfiff, BtemwmooBi 



SpgRd your O u m igir Hotetey hi ■ bsai Mta 
South Dmm Bahtag *uga at 

Hope Cows, Khtpsbridge 

Eftav excaasm lood and tree ia ow nsanrt owtoahnttg pfctorere 

Iretaw ata saie coirt Altatwd£ fogr M av M» ^tjwQrfhLA 

chocs ol Bxamodjfioa mod tgcmi m sta. son* «Hl baronet. Grant 
terms lor cMOcn stance tartly room. Mere atari horn £20 00 par 
paraoo birtaalra VJLT. Write tar coloured brochure tec 
Proprietor, Ur John K. Inland. 

Telephone: (0548) 561555 



fairoly holidays with reductions tor chBdren 2 A 
3 day breaks from £4&00. 3 star hotel full faeffities 
include: indoor pool, squash court, sauna, so- 
larium etc. 


A rnUtae and retain) MOw-cM 
boteL 11 roors. 9 traista. CTV. £a- 
ealM crane netaMg wgrttaan 
rani Best aid beaches at 
Wkt Dona so tane yeur dotf 

P.G. M&ES 
PHONE (0297) 60339 

For eacfcsiw fiotoys in tte Mur 
Faataand Btsartw e. AI vary 
comfortable and reassuingly 
erpenstv e. 

For FRET brochure ring: 

TEL: 0590 612562 


Tel (0271)890555 


* **TWC A AA— _ * 

i •“"S P.5BBfBSr“ S 

* * Dnrk by the pad * Barbecues * 

* * Marrtilous tool * Rriared sUhosphere * 

** * Pawramic sea mews * Ai bedrooms areata, ctdote TV * 

* * Eototanmant * Toa/toKaa tadUes * 

i Otr Brochure Is the one you must nadl * 

J For Brochure or ResarvaSora Writs Ax * 

J The Maktencomte House Hotel $ 

* Teignmoeft Road, Torquay * 

x or telephow 0883 366H X 



If you really care abort being 
looked after as aa mdmdmj in 
trenquiL spacious red comfort- 
able surround] ngr and if beic* 

able to choose nun over ISO 
wines to aearepnifr krvinriy and 
itnaginjiivriy creative dines ap- 
pals lo ■you. please rend or riot 
lor our tetKbtme. 

We are recoumxruieri by the 
best guides. 

Meadow House, 
Sea Lane, 

Kara, Somerset 
Tab 027874 546 

MR SOMOITM i/c foe 6 small 
cottage in thdr own. moat beau- 
tiful starrotowlngs near vMUge- 
Swimming pool. Pitt and chil- 
flren wrtcoow. t04S822> 3891 

conreunui . GommonwreRh • 
Games and FasTnaL - very at- 
tractive wefl equipped central 
llaL sleeps a/6. From £180 pw. 
Available now. Tel t0B90j 2986. 

Entoy B" quayuxentnedMoiL tan 
cootong ref i oarar-aetaame. yen'll 
fhd ten) to moth. S fore *tec to By 
mu, VAtag Cren Maure En- 
sufe ml TV, tea Jrthna. ar 02*.. 

sute. col TV, Ba-ntaing, ’car parti.. 
£l7£0u> hx. IMC toner ton MB 

ta. (8984) 21193 v 


Meadfoot Sea Road, TGI 2LQ 


NOUMV M WJUX6 on die 
Brecknock Monmouthshire Ca- 
nal. winding it* way through 
Uie Brecon Beacons Mai Pk In 
our tux ar6 berth narrow 
Doais. Beginner* we l com e , frtl 

Instructions. T«t 0874 86217. 

18 Harm, *7 fort ketch wtth 
skipper for charter. South of 
France base. £1500 per week. 
Tel: 0543 262051. tBUI Hrtt 


MagndSocnt nro aTSimsdOP sod 
Ponnudoc Bay. Fatih ms 10 
hedna koreL Mon -witta en-wiic 
fanla. col TV A br nnyi all rmv. 
RcsaorW o*r» *d bomsprodoccd 
dnhev. B A B III A 114. di nner 
tn.15. Weekly • D.B. A B £I2& 
Brock. Td 0766 770424. 



Two competarrt Chalet persons required from 
December 86 - April 87 to-run private company 
chalet in Austria. Good terms and conditions. 
References will be required. Must be good cooks 
and drivers. * 

Apply in writing ref 
Mrs E De Marco 
Ellis & Buckle T 
Sovereign House 

212-224 Shaftesbury Avenue WC2H 8BU 

ovdkcas au paw agency 
87 Rpgnit StrmxonKo Wl. 
Trt 459 6534. LK Oimta. 
Also m hripv bums temp pm» 


sJc FtkImM. Compact, at- 

. Lamed 2 . fwray allrhctlvy 

Cdwordlan House wttn 3 twd- 
roocirv. 2 mpMiqd. rise CH. 
par dm. in auwf OMrkl. Easy 
roach City, wm End. Airports, 
wimbridon Common. £91.000. 
House ronlrnts also available. 
Deo/19 /ram Owner TetrOl S74 
2250 iH) or Rrply to BOX BOS 


sunouo* SLATS A Houses 

avail. 6 rood, for diplomats, 
oxnrutnrv Long & snort ten tat 
all arrav Unfriend & Co. 48. 
Albemarle SI VU 1. 01-499 6334. 


Family hotel. 2 ** AA 
RAC. Afl rooms ensuitB. 
Col TV, baby list, Md 
pool, own grounds, dose 
sea. Licensed, a la cade 
and vegetarian menu. 


(02373) 380 

M 16th Crefmy 
sms. urn 

Print Kr Looe. Cemwafi 

Tb* M wild msavte tntttteka- 

^ 0101 sute looBsanfl total TV 2 
5 from m. famed refiarart 
taMdtara In reread M tan ero- 
Ouce. EHJN ROrtAY re c ummwted IV 
eaefcre (ml S aaomm u dare 
T«t Lama (6583) 2331Z 

NR HATMteLCKM Mid Dnon, 6 
Mrtn caravan in lovny poduon 
«n farm w«h TV'. BcachS. mar- 
kn town ana Dartmoor wnnm 
raw reach, ideal spot for chil- 
dren, from £80 pw. T«i 
10837851 603 

LOOC. JuM bum furntshrd Rata. 
■Ip 2 4 or 4 6 IO mtm wain 
town enure, mrune. an mod 
c«ns. beautiful. Ring IOSQ36I 

3359. 2189. BAB accomra also. 

Cottages of Boosoal 
i Enjoisite Cfeoraoter 

Peacotul tantet in tee haret tt 

ctaim. Also one bedroom cottage. 
Lovingly restored 6 end tar by 
jtfn and tancy Jolfl. 

Tremaine 6rem 

Looe, CoraeoiL 

Tefc (0503) 20333 

sr hwwcS. Pretty rertahW' 
U 9 ( In old village near harbour. 
Some weeks sou free Juta.2" 
wards, sleeps 6. frora £J 0 O- 
£220 pw. (05801 712032 

■ATOMS Rnnot s/C Manor 
Hw aeUrtiBui surmnd- 
lngs. avail now « i hroug hota 
summer, ramourh 40273. 

MUHHOU denghtfrd cartage, 
sleeps 3,4. sea viewa. Up fo 
ClfiOpW. 0736 73127S. MW T 

CMAimrac plat, conrom v* 

stuon. steeps 4 - 6. PPOl, 
coon, irampoune and fresh 
trout. £120 ner week. Tel e- 
phone Bt ckldgh <0 88*51 282. 

linury flaartmcMs. unihrataed 
views of Torbay * Manna. 2< .6 
penrtiB. from £130£600 + v* 
pw. Torauay to 803} 27612 

cmrttui cownrr manor 

House. Plenty Id da. ree and 
cor. Special £8 9 per w eek, din- 
ner. BAB. Trt 0B22-83M42. 

nish (arm Mr. brainy jboi. dn 
Nth * Slh caaN. «u W04. 48 * 
b. COl tv. Q2UB 831476. 

gTlIATFOteD— Ort-AVOM. Newfer 
tol CP U S IM 4. C T.V .. 
at linen. 07P9 731 B62 

WMUtn. Hobday Coaaga 
and watnwilt eteriosust 
aea. own hs M ed swimming 
pool, muds courts, kwb. 
snooker. uMe venrds. 90tL fresh 
water and sea fistutig. Sandy 
beach. Trt: OaOT 860789. 
Plaodartan Treerodur Bay. 
OWN KgA CN . executive bunga- 
low I to 4 be dr ooms. Wales 
Tourirt Award. £280 pw. 0286 
WCLSH Border. Hint Override 
collage for 6. RAC. Passey. 
Tel: 0270 882742, 

re mcisjuo coast, me for 
kmg let on toealtyc west coMl 
island Nature Res erve nr 
Ulapool. Details from RSP8 IT 
Rear ids Terrace. Edinburgh' 
Tel 031 686 6624. 


CffOSH AM New Superior chalet. 
Viviens*. 3 5 heormv. lounge 

dining rm Kitchen. 2 « gone 
luunrmv rksokinv. DHc Glaze. 
Garage, parking lor al lexsl 6 

rars. overlooking farm land, 
a 19 600. Tel: 0252 871795. 


house ui the Ahurve- and wnh 
to rent II to lop LK ctwnta. Vml 
should contort: The Algarve Al- 
ter native. 73. SI James SL 
London SWl. Trt Ol *9l 0802. 

iradUKinal Lnlvenlly oflPty: 
degrees to midscareer adults 
over 28. cnllrrty at home arid 
wuh ion -credits for Id* rareer- 
egpenenre. Prospectus Iroeo- 
Oeoi T. NeUdosoo A Co . Soy 
burv. Suffolk. COlO 6EQ. 


L,-—- A 

\ ' ' iBBfcmM—lTBi 


MAKE IT 8M.. 22 pi^p raarmtf 
vtiowc -daft 
own business financing sres lee- - 
No capital or special rducUMM»- , y. 
rooutroo. G396tnr pAp Order 
today - Can 01-203 VZ13^— ^a . 

EDEN VALLEY Recently renovat- 
ed luxury 18 th century mews 
mu age. Sins 4. c ti. For bro- 
chure Trt: 0930 71302 

nmur Bummoor Inn. sum- 
mer STBWHr BAB £15.80 
rrauuranl or bar meals. 

AMM.mOT 4 M hse Ups 6 +. 
Jiy. Aon. Spt £180 p.w. niau- 
■tve.0559 26775 
LAKELAND Srtf Catering. CM- 
lagea. Chalets etc. Crey Abbey. 
Broth: i094c) 3773. 

REMOTE COTTASC. lakes dan 
Fine mui views, sips 7 . CH. Tv. 
19 July OIL 061 881 2007. 


r'._ :1 b 






’ ■ ' - 4* ’ 

trade Advertisers • 

TEU 01-48T 1983 ^ 
FAX No: 01-481 9313 
TELEX 925088 

TEL 01-481 4000 






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south of 
the border 

,j4 ^ 
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• ~ 53j 
j"- r2 ^C; 

■: • rt\;njV 

• '" '’■‘•as 

Tftis is Fuentes’s 
first novel, which 
he completed in 
1958, and which 
established him m 
the public eye as 
one of Latin 
America's fore- 
most .novelists. With a flick of 
his pen he moves from past to 
present Mexico, from scene of 
revolutionary murder to scene 
of trashy jet-set party. With a 
cursory nod in the direction of 
plot, the ebullient modernist 
attempts nothing less than a 
panoramic evocation of Mexi- 
co spanning time and place. 

The. story, such as it is, 
involves the fates of various 
characters from different sec- 
tions of society. An enigma 
.-^called Cienfiiegos pops up 
" 'Continually to interrogate the 
different characters about 
their lives, and like a living 
agent of memory, he prompts 
the re-enactment of the past. 

The characters' lives unrav- 
el in fragmented fashion, 
shaped by -the changing Mexi- 
can history. Federico Robles, 
a wealthy member of the 
ruling elite, recalls his impov- 
erished youth, his fight in the 
revolution, and his subse- 
quent-rise to power. Rodrigo 
the poet sells out to money 
and -society. Norma, poor but 
pretty, .marries Robles and 
pretends to be descended from 
the pre-revolution aristocracy. 

Norma's fete is, unfortu- 
nately. typically cliched. 
When she is spotted with her 
r -another, she pretends that her 
.'mother is a servant. Human 
nature looks pretty bad; and 
Puentes is hot on the low 

He is hotter still on the art 
of theorizing. In Where the 
Air is Gear he wants to get to 

Where the Mr is Clear by 
Carlos Fuentes {Andrb 
Deutsch, £4.95) • 

the essence of things (life. 
Mexico). He puts intellectual 
characters into the book, and 
punctuates their discussions 
with mundane contextual de- 
tails like eating or smoking to 
make the talk seem real. 

“Zamacona pounded the 
table with his fist and knocked 
over Robles’s mineral water. „ 
Tm talking about reality! 
About the dispersion and 
infinite rupture of human 
unity, about the dark union to 
which love cannot attain, nor 
can self-contemplation, be- 
cause right down to the mini- 
mum oneness of his being, the 
individual is atomized. With- 
out the ability to admit that 
others are alive." 

The novel is a difficult place 
for ideas to be discussed: they 
need to be truly integrated and 
dramatized (Dostoevsky is a 
rare successful example). Most 
authors don’t manage it. To 
my mind Fuentes mils: the 
characters are mouthpieces, 
without a breath of autono- 
mous life, utterly two-dimen- 
sional The dialogue at the jet- 
set parties is almost worthy of 
Dallas. For Fuentes looks 
glibly at people, observing 
quickly from the outride, and 
attributing feelings to his char- 
acters that correspond to re- 
ceived notions of interior life 
(envy, ambition, the whole 
spectrum of low Dallas emo- 
tion). This glibness is belied 
(but not rescued) by the rich, 
fecund language. 

Indeed it may not be 
Fuentes’s intention to create 
believeable characters. Where 
the Air is Clear is dominated 

Anglican faith on trial 

Loving the 
Church of England 
has a great deal to 
do with loving 
England. Her Bible 
and Prayer Book 
have informed our 
^ language and liter- 
ature Her history is a central 
thread of the history of our 
country. Her tolerant spirit 
and inclusive nature are quali- 
ties that have marked our 
politics and distinguished our 
national character. 

No wonder these essays 
speak not of the Anglican 
Communion but of the 
Church of England. This part 
of God’s Church is a peculiar- 
ly national expression of the 
universal faith. It is the 
Church of George Herbert and 
Gilbert While - deep and 
rich, without befog lush or 
exotic. Of Lord Shaftesbury 
and Father Algy - wholly 
committed to improving the 
condition of the people, yet 
setting its face against political 
revolution. Of Nicholas 
Ferrari and Father Andrew — 
obviously catholic yet special- 
ly English. 

It is from the security of this 
generous tradition that Sister 
Anna can throw herself into 
her work for reconciliation in 

Why 1 Am StHJan Anglican 
edited by Toby Churton 
(Collins, £6.95) 

Belfast, and Roger Hooker can 
reach out to the multi -faith 
community of our urban cen- 
tre. Their contributions to this 
book show the Church of 
England at its best. A faithful 
community rich enough to 
make great deeds for God 
possible. As Toby Churton 
says in his introduction: “It is 
often true that traditionalists 
do the most radical things". 

Yet in the end this is a 
disappointing collection. It 
restates the traditional Angli- 
can position — most practical- 
ly in Frank Field’s chapter, 
and most persuasively in 
A.N. Wilson’s. But only m the 
odd waspish aside by Wilson 
does it refer to the increasing 
crisis in the Church of En- 
gland. We know why we are 
Anglicans now. But will we 
remain Anglicans in 10 years* 

The position of the Church 
of England depends on our 
being not a sect but truly the 
Church of the nation. In turn 
that means that we have no 
doctri ne of our own — only the 
Bishops of the Apostolic Suc- 

cession. We are not a gathered 
group, but an open Church, 
serving all who live within our 

Now the essential nature of 
Anglicanism is under attack. 
The Bishop of Durham under- 
mines our adherence to the 
creeds of the Church. The 
Bishop of Manchester cam- 
paigns for Anglicans unilater- 
ally to change the historic 
order of the Church. The 
General Synod by its nature 
represents only the Anglican 
activists. Ecclesiastical de- 
mocracy and growing bureau- 
cracy drive us towards the 
inwardness of the sect and 
away from the outwardness of 
the Church. 

We are still Anglicans. But 
the question is whether we can 
go on being Anglicans, if the 
Church can no longer sav the 
creed honestly, if the ordina- 
tion of women breaks our link 
with the apostolic order 
shared with Rome and Ortho- 
doxy. and if the modernist and 
radical turn the Church of the 
nation into a pressure group. 
The Church of England that is 
being thrust upon us will not 
deserve testimonies Hke these. 

John Selwyn Gammer 

Thumbing through the synonyms 

Time traveller: Carlos Fuentes, flitting from revolution to the jet set in Mexico 

by a febrile, endlessly prolifer- 
ating lyricism: not a transpar- 
ent language, but an opaque, 
dark rhetoric that enacts and 
permits ambiguity, the image 
of slippery human experience. 

“As 1 read it, literature took 
on another dimension”, wrote 
Jos£ Donoso, Fuentes’s illus- 
trious contemporary. It freed 
Donoso from the “paralysis of 
good taste”, it opened doors, it 

investigated rather than doc- 
umented. This nueva novela 
did not assume that there first 
exists an intelligible reality for 
the novel to describe. 

For me this “virile lyr- 
icism” is an uncrafted, top- 
heavy prose that squanders its 
own meaning. Big ideas are 
chucked around, and not a 
great deal emerges of or with, 
distinction. Much is preten- 

tious and overblown. But 
Fuentes is not helped by Sam 
Hileman’s translation, which 
is startlingly awkward. Nor is 
he helped by the editor, cer- 
tain errors plunge the text into 
total obscurity (a danger any- 
way). A sentence Hke “For the 
first time she felt that she. 
slave to love, height” puzzled 
me for a long time. 

Kathy O'Shaughnessy 


The Coffins Paperback 
English Dictionary and The 
Coinns Paperback 
Thesaurus both edited by 
William T.McLsod (Collins. 
£3.50 and £2.95 respectively) 
Dictionaries build upon those 
that have gone before. So by 
definition any new dictionary 
worth its salt is better in some 
ways than previous compara- 
ble dictionaries, it records 
newer words, and the latest 
shifts in meaning. Collins has 
71.000 head words or refer- 
ences — more, it claims, than 
any other paperback dictio- 
nary. The bulk of its new 
words come from science and 
technology, not surprisingly. 

since this is the biggest growth 
area in English. But, question: 
is not a paperback dictionary a 
false economy, when you con- 
sider the impatient mauling 
and thumbing it must endure? 
The Thesaurus gives 250.000 
synonyms arranged alphabeti- 
cally. It is a dangerous weap- 
on. and should be used 
prudently, to snare the word 
you have mislaid, rather than 
to decorate your prose with 
elegant variation, which will 
make you look a charlie: 
inf. BriL a silly person; fool.” 


The price of Patrick— or. That 
Awful Warning by Patrick 
Waddington is £4.95, not 
£3.95 as stated on June 28. 

James Joyce by Chester G. 
Anderson; Proust by William 
Sansom; Shakespeare by - 
F.E. Hatliday; W.B. Yeats by 
Micheal MacLiammoir and 
Eavan Boland (Thames & 
Hudson, £3.25 each) 

These are the first paperbacks 
of the admirable Thames & 
Hudson “Literary Lives” se- 
ries, little lakes, in which 
elephants can swim and lambs 
can paddle. 

They are copiously and 
prettily illustrated, and writ- 
ten by experts who are also 
real writers, so that they are 
botlf a good introduction for 
beginners and also a stimulant 
for old hands. 

Philip Howard 

■ . 4 L*r 

Order of priorities 


Riming” an expression to 
*|hich some bridge. writers are 
inordinately attached Is af 
best a vague notion, possibly a 
misleading one. In practice, it 
usually amounts to no more 
than a euphemism for doing 
things in the right order. 

Rubber Bridge. Love all. 
Dealer West. 

♦ B74 

A 10 3 
O AK873 

♦ J103 
O 10652 
*104 3 


W E 

* KO 
V J96 

♦ AOJ97 

three diamonds, three spades, 
the 4K, the 9 a and a dub 
niff. 1 

As the cards lay, any 
attempt to play on hearts 
would have been doomed to 
failure. . 

Observing the correct order 
of priority can be equally 
. important in defence. 
Rubber Bridge. Game All. 
Dealer East. 

‘ *aios 


O K65 
♦ AO 1065 

♦ A9652 
V 0542 
O 4 

* K 65 

7 KS8W2 
<■ 2 
* J93 


W E 

♦ K6 
<?753 . 
O AS8743 

♦ 72 



♦ QJ987 
<? A 10 
O Q J 10 

* K 84 

NO** No 

B *38’ 

NO- - 








, Opening tad *3 

p) Tlie sweated “J 

oqiivatent to a ralaa to 2» or, as iwm. 
3W Spades. 

East' won the #A and 
returned the ♦Q, taken by 
declarer with the ♦K- It may 
be tempting to lake the dub 
ruff at once, but the run can 
and on this occasion, must 
wait Declarer crossed to 
dummy with the OK, ruffed a 
diamond, and continued with 
a low spade which ran to 
East’s- 4Q- 

He now had an answer to 
any. line of defence. East 
continued noth the 
which declarer won, runea 
bis "club in dummy and 
cashed the OA. discarding a 
heart. ; He ruffed a diamond 
and now had nine tricks; 











OpMtataO 02 

West’s lead is an obvious 
singleton, but East must 
nevertheless defer giving 
West his ruff. If he does 
shortsightedly return a dia- 
mond. nothing can prevent 
declarer cashing the *A and 
forcing out East's King of 
trumps, which will be the last 
trick for the defence. But 
after a heart switch at tuck 
two, declarer will be unable 
to avoid losing a heart, a 
spade, and a diamond niff in 
addition to the OA which he 
has already lost. 

Jeremy Flint 


Win a ringside seat for 
the battle of the giants 

To-trelp accustom readers K> Wtddemrfthe 


SSS- Stapublishcdo^Ji^K. 

fir puzzle. 

Starting from^the .position 

shown here. White 

and checkmate in wo moves. 

The solution tm& be 
ten in algebraic norat on and 
sent on a postcard to. _* “ e 

The first correct answer 

drawn out ofa hat win™* 

season ticket to all of the 
games in the Kasparov- 
Karpov World Championship 
Match which opens in London 
at the Park Lane Hotel P* 0 ®' 

Slly- on July 28 and runs until 

August 31. 

The next five correct an- 
swers will each win a day 
ticket to the match and the 
seventh will win two tickets to 

Rice/Abta* musied* Chess 

Raymond Keene 

sent on a j lf j on Tickets tor the World 

Times Al^twaic Competinwu match are 

PO Box 48-1, Virginia Street, ^ fnpjn American - 
ir_ a.- v i ord. The closing Travel Division (Of- 


CXeI 9BD. TTfclosmg 


By Peter Waymark 

Long, hard road to stardom 

Cautions approach: Robert Bedford, the sheriff, in reluctant 
pursuit of his quarry in Tell Them Willie Boy is Here 


Robert Redford is the perfect 
retort to the claim that Holly- 
wood doesn’t produce stars 
any more. It does and he is 
one of them. What is Out of 
Africa but an old-fashioned 
romantic movie exploiting the 
star appeal of Redford and 
Meryl Streep? 

The only difference between 
RedfoTd and the Cagneys and 
the Gables is that it took him a 
little longer to reach the top. 
But since he arrived he has 
been unassailable, surviving 
films that were mediocre and 
downright bad and even a 
two-year period when he 
made no films at alL 

The emergence of Redford 
can be traced in two pictures 
on BBC I next week. The 
Chase (Thurs, JOpm- 
12.10am) was made in 1965 
during bis formative period, 
when he was still pushing 
towards stardom. He had 
come up through the theatre, 
had a few false starts and first 
attracted notice playing oppo- 

site Natalie Wood in Inside 
Daisy Chter. 

For The Chase Redford 
found himself against stiff 
opposition. His co-star was 
Marlon Brando. Originally, 
Redford was to have played 
the Brando part, of the sheriff 
of a small Texan town where 
passions are running high on 
the news of an escaped prison- 
er. Instead, be played the 

Wriuen by Lillian Heilman, 
the film was widely criticized 
for its melodramatic excess 
but has since gathered a cult 
following, mainly on account 


The Great Dictator p 940): 
Savagery, pathos and 
exquisite pantomime as 
Charlie Chaplin lampoons 
Hitler (BBC2, today, 

Buffitt (1968): Steve 
McQueen's San Francisco cop 
caught up in one of the 
cinema's classic car chases 
(JTV. today. 9. 1 5-1 1.20 pmf 

of its director, Arthur Penn. 
As for Redford. he offers one 
of the more restrained perfor- 
mances in the film, turning in 
an intelligent, understated 
portrayal and leaving the 
mannerisms to Brando. 

By the time of Tell Them 
Willie Boy Is Here (Wed. 
10.25pm-midnighl) Redford 
was at the top, propelled there 
by his engaging performance 
opposite Paul Newman in 
Butch Cassidy and the 
Sundance Kid. Willie Boy was 
also a Western but of an 
entirely different ilk: leisurely, 
thoughtful and a box-office 

Guns in the Afternoon 
(7962); Randolph Scott and 
Joel McCrea as gunhghters 
on their last mission in Sam 
Peckinpah's elegatc 
Western (BBC2, today, 

9.25-1 0.55pm). 

The African Queen (1951): 
Memorable duel between 
spinster Katharine Hepburn 
and drunken ship's captain 
Humphrey Bogart on an 
African riverboat (BBC2, 
tomorrow, 9.30-1 1.1 Opm). 

flop. Already, though, it is 
looking the more substantial 

It was written and directed 
by Abraham Polonsky, mak- 
ing a belated come-back after 
being put on the Hollywood 
blacklist in the early 1950s. 
Not many directors have to 
wait 21 years to make their 
next film but Willie Boy was 
Polonsky's first since a bril- 
liant little gangster movie 
called Force of Evil. 

Having turned down the 
chance to play the sheriff in 
The Chase. Redford played 
one this time. The Willie Boy 
of the title is a Paiute Indian 
whom Redford is obliged, 
rather against his sympathies. 

' to pursue. 

By 1969 the Western had 
done with depicting Indians as 
savages and was starting to 
explore the white man's guilt. 
Willie Boy does it better than 
most, helped by Bedford's 
deceptively phlegmatic perfor- 
mance. Star he may be but he 
is also, given the chance, an 

Lives put under monstrous stress 

Drama beavyweighi of the 
week is Desire Under the 
Elms, Eugene O’Neill’s story 
of a New* England family 
divided by jealousy and greed 
(Radio 3. Tues, 7.30-9. 1 5pm). 
Robert Beatty makes his 
O'Neill debut at the age of 76, 
playing the fanner Cabot 

A monster.. who like many 
of his sort calls in God to 
justify his actions. Cabot has 
worked two wives to death 
and provoked his three sons to 
rebellion. Two make for the 
Californian gold fields, while 
the other forms a fateful 
friendship with Cabot’s new 
wife (Sarah Badel). 

The essence of Desire Under 
the Elms is the power of the 
writing and the graphic por- 
trayal of human beings tearing 
themselves apart Robin 


Glendinning’s play. 'Cnitnre 
Vultures (Radio 3. Fri. 9.05- 
10.20pm) is less easy to classi- 
fy. It is billed as a comedy, but 
since it deals with Northern 
Ireland the jokes are some- 
times too close for comfort 

Des McAIeer plays a pro- 
ducer of amateur drama 
putting on The Cherry Or- 
chard , which he has adapted 
as a metaphor for the decline 
of the Unionist ascendancy. 
Our man takes off for Dublin, 
another Cherry Orchard, a 
night with a girl friend and an 
encounter with a Provo folk 

On the way, GJendinning 
becomes something of a cul- 
ture vulture himself tossing 

off references ;as if he was 
throwing confetti. His mes- 
sage seems to be that however 
much people uy to hide 
behind art political reality 
will keep breaking in. 

With In Time of War (Ra- 
dio 4. Wed. 3-3.47pm) we are 
on firmer and more familiar 
ground. It is the fourth in a 
series ' of autobiographical 
plays by the former Labour 
Arts Minister, Lord (Hugh) 
Jenkins, and through his fic- 
tional alter ego. Paul Davies, 
takes us to the end of the 
Second World War. 

The play builds episodically 
through such vignettes as 
dining in the Blitz, life on an 
RAF station and speaking for 
Labour candidates during the ■ 
the 1945 election. Behind the 
events are people and Jenkins 

skilfully evokes the strain of 
war on personal relationships. 

In The Seeds of Criminality 
(Radio 4. Wed. 7.45-8. 15pm), 
Peter Evans begins a two-part 
look at that old, ultimately 
un resolvable, question of 
whether criminals are born or 
made. The starling point of 
the latest nature/nurture de- 
bate is the American criminol- 
ogist, Dr Sam off Mednick. 
whose findings suggest that 
the basis for criminal behav- 
iour may be genetic. 

It is not a popular view, nor 
by any means universally 
accepted. As the programme 
demonstrates, there is still 
much support for the the 
“environmental adversity” 
theory which traces crime 
back to such factors as low 
incomes and poor housing. 

The history of British boxing is littered 
with tragic victims. Benny Lynch, Jackie 
Patterson, Freddie Mills — all champi- 
ons of the world and all dead long before 
their tune. 

In 64 Day Hero: A Boxer’s Tale 
(Channel 4* Thurs, I0.30pin-12.10am), 
director Franco Rosso' and novelist 
Gordon Williams investigate another 
casualty of tire noble art,. Randolph 
Turpin. He was the 23-year-old Mack 

ed the great Sugar Ray Robinson to taike 
the world middleweight title. 

It was an unexpected victory which 
bronght a special cheer to a nation still- 
numbed by austerity. The rest was anti- 
climax. Turpin held the title for only 64 
days and although boxing made him rich, 
he squandered his money and at the age 
of 3S he killed himself. 

The story is pieced together through 
interviews with Turpin s family and 
associates and 'the man himself is 
revealed in archive film of his fights and 
interviews. He comes across as a simple 
son! caught up in a world far too devious 
and dirty for him to cope with. 

Foul blows 
to a champ 


Imaginary Women (Channel 4, tomor- 
row, 9.15-1 0.35pm) is a good old feminist 
wallow by the decorative and cerebral 

Marina Warner and a dinner table of like 

minds including tire singer, Toyah 
Wfllcox, the fashion designer, Katherine 
Hamnett and the dancer/choreographer. 
Gaby Agis. 

The conversation is about how artists 
have used the female form and how 
national symbols, from the Statue of 
liberty to Britannia, have tended to be 
women. Mrs Thatcher inevitably crops 
up, though she is not tire sort of woman 
feminists like to claim as their own. The 
best quote is from Toyah who says real 

»’ ■ -1 

rebellion is chocking hobby's dirty pants 
back in his face. 

Deborah Kerr chucking anyone's pants 
at anyone is impossible to envisage, 
ftougi that may only be because the 
public stereotype has engulfed the pri- 
vate reality. I doubt if Marina and friends 
will take kindly to Deborah Kerr — Not 
Jusi An English Rose (BBC1, Tnes, 
30^0-ll^flpm), precisely because it 
stays with the stereotype. 

What emerges from Christopher 
Frayliug's anodyne interview, and a mass 
of dips, is an ordinary starstruck gin 
who never dreamed she would play 
opposite Gable and Tracy and became a 
trading lady for both. The programme is 
tiie trailer for a forthcoming season of 
Deborah Kerr films. 

The royal wedding is the cue for two re- 
peats, one reverential, the other some- 
what less so. The first is the late Sk Hew 
Wfaeldon's Royal Heritage (BBC2, Moa 
8-9pm), a stylish and dvilized journey 
through the treasures of the British 
monarchy. The second is Spitting Image 
(ITV, Fri, 1030-1 lpm), among whose 
targets are the royal bride and groom. 


Prizes of the New Collins Thesaurus will be given for the first two 
correct solutions opened on Thursday. July 17, 1986. Entries 
should be addressed to The Times Concise Crossword Com- 
petition. 1 Pennington Street, London. El 9XN. The winners and 
solution wifi be announced on Saturday. July 19. 1986. 


1 Vile Bodies author 

9 Inexperienced girt (7) 

10 Sung drama (5) 

11 Brownish grey (3) 

13 Always (4) 

16 Celtic poet (4) 

17 Punish in retaliation 

18 Snug{4) 

20 Brand (4) 

21 Poem unit (6) 

22 Criticise harshly (4) 

23 Transfer (4) 

25 Turkish hat (3) 

28 Homed big game (5) 

29 Golden sherry (7) 

30 Queen Mother's 
Caithness home 


2 Imprecise (5) 

3 Gaunt (4) 

4 Lack (4) 

5 In a while (4) 

6 Thro wing bomb (7) 

7 Cuban leader (5.6) 

8 First woman’s con- 
tainer (8.3J 

12 Pereistenu6) 

14 Gleam (3) 

15 Scuttle (6) 

19 Staying power (7) 

20 Foot (3) 

24 Worship (5) 

25 Christening bowl (4) 

26 Area (4) 

27 Horse foot (4) 

ACROSS: I Metier 5 Gurkha 8 Edo 9 
During 10 Ravish If Flea 12 Main- 
tain 14. Astern 17 Frothy 19 An- 
tigone 22 Fact 24 Befell 25 Wicker 26 
Era 27 Rector 28 farrow 
DOWN: 2 Equal 3 Imitate 4 Regimen 5 
Gorki 6 Rjv?i 7 Hashish 13 Nor 15 Sin- 
cere 16 Rug 17 Freeway 18 Officer 20 
Inept ZlQgler 23 Credo 

The winners of prize concise So 994 are. 
Sister Mainrie ti. Clear her. Nepcotc Lane, 
hndtm, tfisr Sussex; and David Herring. 
Phoenix (/row. Bristol. 

SOLUTION TO NO 994 (last Saturday’s prize concise) 

ACROSS: 1 Basil Spence 9 Express 10 Polio II Hoy 13 Loll 16 
Open 17 Eieria >8 Gist 20 Tomb 21 Retina 22 Rail 23 
Urdu 25HMI 28 Negro 29 Breadth 30 Menai Strait 
DOWN: 2 Appal 3 Item 4 Sash 5 Espy 6 Calypso 7 Belli* 
enrol 8Bonnrbouchc 12 Origin 14 Lit IS Redeem 19 Shir, 
gle 20 Tau 24 Radii 25 Hora 26 Ibis 27 Tear 

Name , 

Address , 



Makarova, a dancer in the almost 
extinct flamboyant tradition, 
makes her farewell to ballet in 
Festival Ballet's Onegin just 25 
years after she became an 
international star with Giselle. 
Coliseum (01 -636 3161). Wednesday. 


LATIN MASTER: Willie Colon, a 
trombonist and bandleader, is one of 
a group of New York-based 
musicians of Hispanic descent giving 
a contemporary edge to the 
exciting style known as salsa. 
Hammersmith Palais (01-748 
2812), Monday. 

CAR CLAN: The Model T, which 
sold 15 million units, was the 
keystone of the remarkable 
automobile dynasty chronicled by 
Robert Lacey In Ford (Heinemann , 
£15). To research the book Lacey 
lived in Detroit for two years and 
worked on the Ford assembly line. 


KARITA’S COSI: Karita Matffla, 
the young Finnish soprano who has 
had a rapid ascent to fame in 
Europe, makes her Covent Garden 
debut as Fiordiligi In Mozart's 
Cost fan tiitte. Gabriele Ferro 
conducts. Royal Opera House (01- 
240 1066), from today. 


Scofield makes his first television 
appearance for five years in Only 
Yesterday, a play by Julian Gloag. 
Scotiefd and Wendy Hiller play a 
bickering old couple visited 
unexpectedly by their son. BBC1 , 
tomorrow, 9-10.30pm. 

Gems follows the epic struggle : 
between two giants of the F rend 
Revolution in ner new play, 77te 
Danton Affair. Brian Cox plays : 
Canton, lan McDiaimid his rival. 



.Barbican (01-638- 
Tuesday after previews; . 

Popular fingers 
on the baton 

Surest! Kjtrxfia 

W hen he was nine 
years old he con- 
ducted the New 
York Philhar- 
monic at the 1939 World's 
Fair, he was the first American 
to conduct at Bayreuth; he has 
been music director of the 
Cleveland Orchestra and artis- 
tic director of the Vienna State 
Opera: and he has conducted 
the three most ' talked-about 
opera films: Don Giovanni, 
Carmen and Otelio. He is 
Lorin Maazel and it seems as 
if the only date he hasn't yet 
undertaken is conducting the 
first night of the Proms. That 1 
will be remedied on Friday. 

Tm thrilled, of course. The 
Proms are an extraordinary 
meeting of spirits. It's such a 
live, aware, passionate audi- 
ence. and I just love to watch 
the interaction with musicians 
who are taken aback by their 
audience's rare enthusiasm." 

It was with Mahler that 
Maazel made his London 
debut in 1961 at the Festival 
Hall. Now it's to be his Eighth 
Symphony. “1 choose my 
repertoire with all types of 
strange criteria in mind: lime 
of year, for example. 1 can’t 
imagine performing Mahler 9 
on July 18 - it’s inconceiv- 
able. But Mahler 8 is full of joy 
and life and hope." 

Mahler's “Symphony of a 
Thousand" is an appropriate 
choice for one whose biogra- 

On Friday when 

Lorin Maazel 

conducts the 

Proms it will be a 

double first night 

phy reads like a list of figures 
reeling out of the mouth of an 
over-zealous tour guide; a 30- 
monih long world tour with 
200 concerts in 22 countries; a 
30-year guest association with 
the National Orchestra of 
France in some 400 concerts; a 
23-year-old association with 
the Vienna Philharmonic in 
some 400 concerts and 40 
records . . . 

Maazel's latest idea is Clas- 
sic Aid: he was asked by the 
United Nations to organize a 
concert for refugee relief. On 
September 30 in Geneva, 40 
artists will perform for three to 
eight minutes each in a musi- 
cal marathon: “We have Solti, 
Mehta. Jessye Norman, Isaac 
Stem, Yehudi Menuhin. Peter 
Ustinov and I will share the 
presenting. Twenty-three tele- 
vision stations will receive it, 
which means an audience of 
some 500 million." The con- 
tributions from Norman and 
Solti will be beamed in from 

Maazel (who once used a 

□eon-tipped baton) has been 
involved in earlier jamborees 
such as the televised First Day 
of Summer Music spectaculars 
Held this year and the year 
before (with 350 million view- 
ers): “We had Chinese instru- 
mentalists from the Great 
Wall, we had some Russian . 
cosmonauts live from space; 
we had brass players from the 
Niagara Fails". 

In December Maazel plans 
to conduct an orchestra called 
the World Philharmonic for 
the Red Cross in Rio de 
Janeiro. It's to be made up of 
one orchestral musician each 
from nearly 100 different 
countries (the- audience is 
expected to number 400 mil- 
lion). “I feel very strongly that- 
there's a vast audience there 
for classical music, and it has 
only to be presented in a way 
they can grasp, through media 
they’re accustomed to." 

He adds, more philosophi- 
cally: “Musicians do have 
power, provided that the na- 
ture of that power is apolitical. 
It's the power of communica- 
tion to all people through the 
language of music. I'm very 
keen, on the other hand, that 
artists should make 

Maazel made his own per- 
sonal statement on June 7 
when he married his new wife, 
the German actress DietJinde 
Turban. They met at the 


to riches 


Some nifty negotiations 
Equity; the actors’ union, wiU): 
leave the choristers ‘of West-*-" 

minster Abbey whh a happy^i; 
tune on their lips, after the ‘ 

Podium poise: Lorin Maazel in the Albert Han, where he win conduct Mahler’s ’Symphony of a Thousand* on Friday 

Ba/nbi awards ceremony in 
Munich. “Dietlinde got hers 
for the most popular German 
female actor on TV, and I got 
mine for Germany’s most 
popular musician on TV. We 
were holding our respective 
Bambis and got into conversa- 
tion, and have been talking 
ever since!” 

Whenever there’s time, that 
is. And, in a schedule like this, 
what time can there be for 
learning new works? The 
hawk eyes watch and momen- 

tarily dan behind the increas- 
ingly dark rings of shadow. “A 
good point I have to be 
selective. But Fm starting to 
write music myself you 


e premiered his 
variations on 
“Happy Birthday" 
on the Summer 
Night of Music, -with audience 
participation. And he took a 
couple of months off earlier 
this year to work on a “musi- 

cal happening" based on the 
poetry of an Italian girl called 
Veronica Biancardi who died 
of leukaemia at the age of 13. 

And when time slows down 
again, what then? “Td love to 
improve my seamanship. Tm 
a Sunday sailor. All the pros 
shake their heads when they 
see me at the helm, you know. 
And then there’s a lot of 
poetry I’d like to read and re- 
read and leant by heart" 

The voice at last slows to a 
drawl. “Leopardi, Rimbaud, 

Emily Dickinson. -I'd like to 
m back and review all of 
them, all the things which In 
ray youth I found of signifi- 
canceand help. That's actual- 
ly what Td always hoped to 
become, y’know, a writer. Not 
a musician at all." 

Hilary Finch 

The First Night of the 
Proms, with Lorin Maazel 
conducting the BBC 
Symphony Orchestra, is on 
BBC2 and Radio 3, Friday, 



opens this week for 
performances in Norwich of 
Simon Boccaneora, Don 
Giovanni and Albert Herring. 
Nov 3-8. 

Royal Theatre, Theatre 
Street Norwich (0603 628205). 

performances by Gwyneth 
Jones. Geoffrey Parsons, 
Elly Ameling, Rudolf Jansen, 
Felicity Palmer, and the 
Songmakers’ Almanac. 
Sept-Jan 1987. 

Anthony Minghella's play, 
with Felicity Kendal. 

Aldwych, London WC2 (01- 
836 6404). 

Wig more Hall, 36 Wigmore 

Street London W1 (i 


from this week for Song 
Recital Series, with 

performance tonight of 

Festival of music of Jewish 
interest ends this week; 
piano recital (tomorrow), the 
Oranim Folk dance troupe 
(Wed), dosing with the Delme 
String Quartet (Thurs). 

Bnai B’rith Festival. Hllfel 

House, 1/2 Endsieigh Street 
London WC1 (01-387 5278). 




Tues and July 19 at 7.30pm.. 
Covent Garden, London 
WC2 (01-240 1066). 


Alrawi’s play, set "in the East 
End of boxing, cockfights and 
sudden violence". Royal Court 
(01-730 1745). Previews from 


Nick Darke comedy about 
Californian fife. 

The Pit (01 -628 8795/638 - 
8891). Previews today, Mon 
and Tues. Opens Wed. In 

FESTIVAL: The choice this 
week is between 
L’incoronaztone tii Poppas 
(tonight and Thurs- at 
5.35pm) and Trevor Nunn's 
new production of Porgy 
and Bess (tomorrow at 
3.50pm, Tues and July 19 at 
4.50pm). AH seats are sold but 
it is worth ringing for 

Glynde bourne, Lewes, East 
Sussex (0273 812411). 


much a movie, more a feature- 
length advertisement for the 
"My Little Pony" merchandise. 
Warner West End (01-439 
0791). From Frf. 

P1NOCCHIO (Uk Disney's 
oecond cartoon feature, first 

baflet has its premiere with the 
company's first London 

Balanchine's brilliant*^ 
Symphony in C. 

Coliseum, St Martin’s Lane, 
London WC2 (01 -836 31 61). 


Its annual showing at the 
Opera House (ThursJ offers 
Ashton's Lbs Rendezvous , 
MacMillan's Concerto and a 
display piece specially staged 

CONTEST: Betti Henley's 
small-town American comedy; 
Simon Stokes directs Gayle 
Hunnicuft Sandra Dickinson. 
Greenwich (01-858 7755). 
Previews today (matinee and 
evening). Opens Mon. 

OPERA: A Song of Streets 
features 15 soloists, a 
chorus of 50 and a brass band, 
as part of a community 
project, tonight at 7pm. 

Unit 72, Portmanmoor 
Industrial Estate, Splott, 

Cardiff (0222 



by Mikhail Messerer. 
Covent i 

t Garden (01-240 


the last performance of 
Traveling Lbftf tonight. 
ICA Theatre (01-9303647). 


A few examples of 
our several hundred 
outstanding bargains: 

For Lined Raincoats 


Now £135 

Bine Fox Jackets 

RRP £625 

Now £180 
Mink Jackets 

RRP £995 

Now £235 

Mink Coats 


now £425 

Silver Fox Jackets 


Now £455 

Stranded Raccoon Coats 

Now £755 

Blue Fox Coats 

RRP £2,750 

Now £999 

Silver Fox Coats 

RRP £8,250 

Now £ 1,899 

Konmd Furs, acting as agents, 
also qffersixmonths 'iruavst-jhx 
credit on any item over £300. 

IVntten details available. 

AU usual credit cards accepted 

Konrad Furs, 

42 Sloane Sl, Knightsbridge, 

London SWL 
Telephone: 01-235 2929. 



Ayckbourn's quirky celebration 

curious slice of urban 
American rife by this master 
photographer, who seems to 
conjure the bizarre and 
surreal from the most 
deceptively simple of 

ICA, 12 Carton House 
Terrace, London SW1 (01-930 

released in 1940, rums the 
gamut from saccharine fairies 
and goldfish to thrashing 
whales and frightening villains. 
Expertly crafted, and essential 

Leicester Square Theatre (01- 
9305252). From Fri. 




Whoopi Goldberg's skit 

ce lends some depth 


of amateur operatics, with 
Polly Hemingway (above). 
Lyric (01-437 3686). 

Bowles as the seedy, 

emotionally empty stand-up 
Archie Rice. 


Shaftesbury (01-379 5399). 


An exhibition exploring the 
links between ceramic figures 
and their sources. Also 

' British Medals: 
Witt) designs by artists 
including Paul Neagu and 
Elizabeth Frink. 

Fitzwilliam Museum. 
Trumpington Street 
Cambridge (0223 332900). 
From Tues; Medals from 

performance I 
and dignity to Steven 
Spielberg s overly preny 
version of Alice walker s novel 
ABC Shaftesbury Avenue (01- 
836 6279). 

Claude Mater's smooth, sweet 
story of a frustrated teenager 
taking steps towards matunty 
during her summer hols. Very 

American alto saxophonist 
Tonight Hammersmith 
Odeon, London W4 (01-748 

FESTIVAL: Rhythm 'n' blues 
on Mon with Dr John and 
Otis Rush: Lionel Hampton's 
big band (Tues); Herbie 
Hancock's quartet and Spyro 
Gyra (Wed); McCoy Tyner 
and Stanley Jordan (Thurs) 
and Buddy Rich (Fri). 

From Mon, Festival Haft, 
London SE1 (01-9283191). 

Orleans's finest soul band. 
Mon, Shaw Theatre, 

London NW1J01 -388 1394): 
Tues, Mean Fiddler. 

London NW1 0 (01 -981 .5490). 

Dankworth, Clark Terry, 
Adelaide Han and the LSO 
perform EJftngton’s Harlem 

Fri, Barbican, London EC2 
(01 -638 4141). 

Lumiere (01-936 0691). 
Chelsea Cinema (01-351 3742). 




PRINT BIENNALE: A selection 

from the impressive 
international exhibition held 

CHESTER: She Stoops to 
Conquer; Pip Broughton 
directs the classic Oliver 
Goldsmith comedy. 

Gateway (0244 40353). 

The Rover Sinead Cusack, 
Jeremy Irons, in a "comedy of 
intrigue" by Aptira Bohn. 

Swan (0789 295623). Tues, 
Wed, Fri. In repertory. 

recently in Bradford. 

Victoria and Albert Museum, 
London SW7 (01-589 6371). 
From Wed. 

BALLET: The summer season 
opens with Ashton’s 
Romeo and Juliet on Mon and 
Tues. Kranko's Onegin is 
on Thurs and on Fri 
Christopher Bruce's new 

LANDSPACE: A show of work 
by artists who make landscape 
their subject 

Kettle's Yard Gallery, Castle 
Street Cambridge (0223 
3521 24). From today. 



ROYAL OPERA: Two more 
chances to see the new 
Fktetio, In which Sir Cofin 
Davis bows out as the Opera 
House's Director of Music, 
and in which James King tikes 

iw tho mlo nf " 

review of archaeological 
discoveries made in Britain 
during the fast 40 years. 

British Museum, Great Russell 
Street, London WC1 (pi-636 


For ticket availability, 
performance and opening 
times, telephone the 
numbers listed. 
Bookings: Anne 
Whitehoose: Theatre: 
Tony Patrick and Martin 
Cropper Opera: Hilary 
Finch; Photography: 

Michael Young; 
Galleries: Sarah Jane 
Check land; Films: Geoff 
Brown: Dance: John 
Percival; Rock A Jazz: 

Richard WDliams; 
Concerts: Max Harrison / 

Bolet celebrates the centenary 
of Liszt's death with the 
Dante Sonata, Ballade No 2, 
Petrarch Sonnets and some 
of the Transcendental Studies. 
Town Hall, Imperial Square. 
Cheltenham (0242 523690). 
Today, 8pm. 

McCRAE/RPCk Dukas's 
Soccers? s Apprentice, 
Spanish Capriccto, the - 
Mussorgsfcy-Ravef Pictures 
at an Exhibition with the Royal 
PhBharmonlc and Paul 

McCrae conducting.. 

Barbican Centre, Sw 
Street, London EG2 (01-628 
8795). Tomorrow, 7J 

■Rattle conducts the City of 
Birmingham Symphony . 
Orchestra in Debussy's fberfa, 
Brahms's Symphony No 4 
and Kraft's interplay. 
Cheltenham Town HalL Frf, 

The 21 adult professional ; 
singers, -who will lead 'thc - ^ 

1,700 guests through the cere- 
mony, will now each be paid a vr- 
fee by the BBC and ITV for- Jv 
their services. They will also. 
receive a separate ^fee from;.* 
‘Independent Radio plus royal- 
ties from worldwide sales o?.- C 
the programme abroad and 'r 
from a video. Ail this — fbr £ ' ^ 
singing three hymns, two an-v . - 
them* and various responses '• ■ 
under the musical direction dt y 
Simon Prdnon — will bring.' 
them, according to Equity's ' -7 
General Secretary Peter '.' 
Plouviez, “easily four figures" c . 
forifie day’s work.' ■ . 

The boy choristers, howev-, • _• 
er, who are not allowed to be . - 
represented by ihetiade union-' 
by law, will hardly get a sniflf 
of their much' smaller: fcfcf. 
which,- I am tokl by the-] ’ 
Abbey’s . Receiver General, 

Reg Pullen, “will go 'straight > ••• - 
into their bank accoimttf’. ' > 't - 

-son Hi** 

Sir Richard Attenborough, 
currently working on Kts fiinf 
of the life of Steve Bfko, has’ 
found a useful ally in Dali:- 
Tam bo, the 22-year-old son o£- 
the acting head of the Africans; 
N&tional Congress. Tambo-> 
junior has made himself in-; 
valuable to Attenborough by- 
introducing him 10 exiled:: 

ANC leaders in Lusaka,' end-- 
Attenborough was so hrir- 
pressed that at one stage bej. 
offered Tambo the title role. 

That has now gone to a young ••• 

ANC member but Tambo has 
been made an executive con- 
sultant for the film. 





c ns: --- 





Jsfc-K jcii : 

Ej . | ,■ ' 

HZ— *- • 

I® 5 If"- •' 
fa .15 ".a 1 .::: m 

• Brighton had better ; • 7 X 
brace itself for an invasion of f 
bare-chested soubrettes 
now that leu reveal plans for 
a Brighton 151m festival to ; - 
rival the annual romp at 
Cannes. The Cannon film w -*; 7 
group is underwriting an r 

tisi a * 




:>L;. V'.. .' •• 
1-: « - 
Ife-rart 0-T;; . . 

iClMl} ;.(<;;■- 
SOlfu.i r. -• 

E ? d 

! 3d Dc-.V -r- 


next May, ami hopes that . - 
international stars will t, 

come straight from Cannes,: 
awards in tow, and ■ 
enconrage trade and public 
bade to the silver screen. U 

Lemmon slices' 

It’s fiJcdy to be a shorter day’s 
journey into night when Jack 
Lemmon steps on stage at the 
Hay market Theatre ne *!t- 
month to revive the Eugene 
O’NeiJJ classic, last performed 
by Laurence Olivier and . the,. 
National Theatre in 1971-The 
NT production lasted four? 
and-a-half hours, but with ' 





■*Uo3ii .. . 





■»w. -■» i : , 

--I' ‘ V ' 

Lemmon and OlivSer • . : 

minimal cuts Lemmon’s vi- 
sion* will last just over, thfefc • 
hoars, including an interval. - 
How? Jonathan ’MiHcr 1 '£hr'- 
director, began to ’.wield his j 
whip, explains 'Dhricafr 
Weldon, the producer. “Aid : 
the characters speak over eat^t 
other a little." ' 



tt . 



Murky plot 

For the last eight months of. 
his life before he was mur- 
dered in. 1967. the playwright 
Joe Orton kept a private diaify. 
It chronicled his West . End > 
successes and the murkier 
of his- private life from 'ihe- 
Holloway Road to Tani^r. ’ 
Kept onder lock and key while 

surface -and has beerredi: 

Qrttm’s . biographer. ;Jol 
Lahr. for publication 
tfiuen m r ihe autumm Lahr;;' 
promises that' despite:^;- “ 
l»$«ng decades; it * 

shock - just aS .Orton 
have wished it' 




St, ***■*!. 1 








I ^ 


Tradition and development 

,:, , v COURT 


• J“ J y 1 1: Tte Queen visited the 

1 -a nm Montgomeryshire District of 
- . Powys today. 

- ; : >i . • b i . Her Majesty arrived at 
Machynlleth Station in the 
;_** Roy? 1 X? 1 ? and was received 

,t. ; a, « H «: Maje*y's Lord Lieuten- 

fcr Powys (Colonel John 
- • . -Lv Corbett Winder). 

*.■■■■ ^‘5* The Queen toured the District 

* and tins morning met repre- 

- senwttves of local organizations 

and rptizens In Machynlleth, 
SteJ- Llanidloes, Newtown and 
JciS Montgomery and viewed the 
:■ JJtf Clywedog Reservoir. 

Highness laid the Foundation 
Stone tor the new building at the 
American Museum in Britain. 

The Prince of Wales, attended 
by Sir John Riddell, Bt later 

" ‘4^ 


, - y;_:S 


Montgomeryshire District of "burned to London in an air- 
Powys today. waft of The Queen's Flight 

Her Majesty arrived at KENSINGTON PALACE 
Machynlleth Station in the *hdy 1 I: Princess Alice, Duchess 
Roy? 1 Train and was received 9‘ Gloucester. Patron, Council 
>*hy Majesty’s Lord Lieuien- ’ or the Protection of Rural 
•iff 1 »y r Powys (Colonel John England, was present this eve- 
Corbett W inderj. mug at a Summer Party to mark 

The Queen toured the District the Council’s 60 ih Anniversary 
and this morning met repre- at Easton Neston, Nonham p- 

sentahves of local organizations tonshire. 

and -citizens In Machynlleth, Mrs Michael Harvey was In 
Llanidloes, Newtown and attendance. 

Montgomery and viewed the The Duchess of Gloucester 
a £!T2f > 5,£ eservo, £v . , morning opened the Civic 

In the afternoon Her Majesty Hall, Stratford-upon-Avon an d 

met representatives _ of local later visited Wroxall Abbey 
organizations and citizens in School on the occasion of its 
«rnew and Welshpool ■ Golden Jubilee, In the afternoon 

_ TheQueen later, left Royal Air Her Royal Highness attended a 
Force Snawbury in anaircraft of service to mark the 900ih 

■ -1 In the afternoon Her Majesty 

: ':- r ',v^ met representatives of total 
' organizations and citizens in 

' . - - ■ is ij: Berriew and WelShpooL ■ 

- : TheQueen later. left Royal Air 

Force Shawbury in an aircraft of 

^ The Queen's Flight for 
Heathrow Airport, London. 

• The Right Hon Nicholas Ed- 

- Uv wards ’ Mp (Secretary of Slate 

- Wales; Minister-in-Atten- 
- " •' Cso dance), Mrs John Dugdale, the 

- T. r/f* Right Hon Sir William 
... nel Blair Stewan-Wilson were in 

Cg ..attendance. 

Pi3n ffu 1 1 Th€ Prince . Andrew, 
r,_ j, Utf accompanied by Miss Sarah 
tjfl fllch^ Ferguson, ■ this afternoon took 

the Salute at a performance of Surrey. 

Anniversary of All Saint's 
Church. Leamington Spa. 

The Duchess of Gloucester 
travelled in an aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight 

Mrs Euan McCorquodale was 
m attendance. 

July 11: The Duke of Kent as 
Chancellor, today presided at 
Ceremonies for the Conferment 
of Degrees at the University of 


r i.*~ 

? n'f.ic. 



p a tst- 
Sift * 

;Vi *.* 4 . 

the Royal Tournament at Earls 

Wing Commander ■ Adam 
Wise was in attendance. 
July 11: Queen Elizabeth The 
Queen Mother this afternoon 
opened an Exhibition at the 
Royal Air Force Museum, Hen- 
don, to mark the Golden Jubilee 
of the. formation of Bomber, 
Fighter, Training and Coastal 

Lady Angela Oswald. Sir Mar- 
tin GiUiai and Captain Niall 
Hall were in attendance. 

Sir Richard Buckley was in 

Princess Anne, Commandant in 
Chiefi St John Ambulance and 
Nursing Cadets, will open a new 
St John Ambulance head- 
quarters in Winchester on July 
2 1 and. in the evening, as 
Chancellor of London Univer- 
sity. will attend the annual 
dinner of the Association of 
College Unions International - 
Region 1. given by the London 
University Union and Univer- 
sity College Union at University 

In some circles to can a Chris- 
tian a traditionalist is an insult. 
It is taken to mean one who 
cannot think but only plod in 
old footsteps. In other aides it 
is equally damaging to speak Ql 
Christians who undervalue tra- 
dition and assume the right to 
develop new ways in doctrine or 

They can be accused of deny- 
ing the authority of the gnat 
fellowship through the ages. 
This division of attitude is seen 
in the debates on the ordination 
of women, on the establishment 
of the Church of England, on the 
place of the Pope in the univer- 
sal church and on the propriety 
of movements like liberation 

It is one of the greater modem 
divisions of the Christian fiun- 
ily, as hard to deal with within 
one communion as are the 
fences between the denomina- 
tions themselves.. 

But in a sense it is unreal We 
are all traditionalists because 
none of us starts on Christian 
pilgrimage as a total novice We 
do not nave a blank sheet of 
paper on which to start writing a 
personal creed drawn solely out 
of our personal discoveries. We 
begin with something given. It 
may be what has been taught in 
our family or our local church. It 
may be the guidance of a senior 
friend or a great book. 

Because Christianity is based 
on historical events we cannot 
escape that connection with the 
life of Christ which is called 
tradition, and which shapes our 
believing and our ethical deci- 
sions today. 

We all honour tradition. But 
we choose what to honour. As I 
live within the Reformed tradi- 
tion 1 know bow much weight 
has been given to the teaching of 
one group of theologians in the 

sixteenth and seventeenth cen- 
turies. It sometimes seems as 
though Reformed Christians 
have blanked out the history of 
the church before that period 
rather as the Bolsheviks tried to 
deny the culture of the Czars. 

We also localize tradition. 
What has happened in our local 
church over the last two genera- 
tions carries great weight with 
us. That splendid parade of 
whiskered clergy hung on the 
walls of the ministers vestry 
testifies to a strong local sense of 

The Roman Catholic church 
also selects its material to form 
its tradition. Great weight is 
given to all the .centralizing 
elements of church history in- 
the first (our centuries, and no 
weight to all the opposing 
tendencies which sought vari- 
ety, local autonomy and distinc- 
tive theological approaches. 

It is as though the fact that a. 
Roman authoritarian focus to 
the empire led to a rather similar 
focus to the church became the 
one great plank of sacred tradi- 
tion. A whole structure of 
hierarchy was built on the 
assumption that the context of 
an imperial tradition could be 
preserved as a divine ordinance. 

We select our tradition. Per- 
haps this is inevitable since our 
human limitation prevents us 
from receiving all that Christian 
pilgrims have discovered 
through the ages. A map which 
contains every detail of every 
garden bush is useless for a long 
journey. We surely cannot be 
blamed for this limitation. We 
need some simplicity in our 

What is surely more question- 
able is any claim that our 
perception of tradition is the 
whole, for that breeds an exclu- 
siveness unjustified by the evi- 

Harrow School I Forthcoming 

* site 



■?£ *y- 




e . 

m : v 


jftx r-** 


July 11: The Prince of Wales, 
President, Business in the 
• . Community, arrived at Bath 
Qitation in the Royal Train this 
morning to visit Paulton and 

His Royal Highness opened 
the Wamsdyke Enterprise 
Agency, High Street, Paulton 
and subsequently opened The 
Coach House Small Business 
Centre, Upper York Street, St 
Pauls. BristoL 

The Prince of Wales then 
visited the ‘Bristol 1000* Centre 
in the Great Train Shed. Temple 
Meads Station and afterwards 
attended a luncheon with the 
Chairman and Directors of local 
enterprise agencies and the 
Chairman and Staff of Commu- 
nity Action Programmes in 
Brand's Great Western Railway 

. i Sir John Riddell Bt, and Mr 


Summer Term at Harrow ended 

The Cock House match was 
won by Druries (Sir Alan 
Oulram) who beat Elmfield (Mr 
J. R. Beckett). The Torpid Final 
was won by Elm field (Mr J. R. 
Beckett) who beat The Knoll 
(Mr S. L. Paraonson). 

Old Harrovians who entered 
the school between 1968 and 
1972 were entenained at tea on 
Thursday afternoon by the 
chairman and committee of the 
Harrow Association, attended a 
concert of songs in speech room 
and afterwards a reception given 
by the Head Master and Mrs 

The boys of Bradbys have 
moved from The Old Knoll into 
their modernized house. The 
boys of Elmfield. have moved 
into The Old Knoll in prepara- 
tion for Ibe modernization of 
Elmfield. Work has commenced 
on the new chemistry schools. 


Mr S.M. Edwards 
and The Hon A.E. Tomer 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, elder son of the 
late Mr Roland Edwards and 
Mrs Julia Edwards, of Fentiman 
Road. London. SW8. and Anna, 
eldest daughter of the late Lord 
Nethenhorpe and Lady 
Netherthorpe, of Boothby Hall 
Booihby Pagnell, Li ca Inshire. 

President, Business in the TODAY: Sir John Brembridge, 

tn riv v Community, arrived at Bath 61; Sir AJasiair Burnet, 58; 

- wi £ iJK Qltation in the Royal Train this Viscount Carorose, 77; Sir John 

. , morning to visit Paulton and Cuckney, 61; Mr Gareth Ed- 

.TfSS; ftflnnr Bristol wards, 39; Sir John Gulch, 81; 

- -j UOU» His Royal Highness opened Admiral Sir John Hamilton, 76; 

the Wansdyke Enterprise Sir Arthur Helberingion, 75; Mr 
• T V; Agency, High Street, Paulton Michael Kenward. *1; Sir Wil- 
: and subsequently opened The liam Montagu-Pollock, 83; 

- •— Coach House Small Business Professor Sir Randolph Quirk, 

Centre, Upper York Street, St 66; Mr R. C. Sotenki, 55; 

Pauls. BristoL Professor Sir Charles Stuart- 

The Prince of Wales then Harris, 77; Mr Harold Walker, 

- ' visited the 'Bristol 1000* Centre MP. 59. 

in the Great Train Shed, Temple TOMORROW: Professor D. S. 

Meads Station and afterwards Brewer, 63; Mr Ian Campbell, tneir moaermzea nouse. i ne 

- attended a luncheon with the 64; Sir James Craig, 62; Mr 5SS*HS;ihX e wJ5SSISf I IS Miss E^rarvetH- 

" - Chairman and Directors of local Jeffery Daniels, 54; Mr Mostyn «£<> TJc Old “J eilSttnSTfaa 

i. 0 ^!rrnnn unrt^SMffftffVi ntTn u. 89* Sir Wiltiaun^HikhS^fsir j Elmfield. Work has commenced] between Nicholas Am 

- • 2S*^rl5£!lS2?T Henrv wT 80- Sir PhibS on the new chemistry schools. of Mr and Mrs Amho 

■ ‘ BrnneTs Gnat wSmSShMy Jones 55; Vire-Admind Sir l*®. 115 on Thure- ofw^ihinglon^mii El 

rr r; „ &Sr ° r ^ 

= jp.e lOJtf Wi Fairfax we?* in attfZo- gAtfg Atdii^Iy CoUege _ 

i moitae w* »*»*» «• ^ 78 - 

Mr H.R. Bartlett 
and Miss MJV1. Morphy 
The engagement is announced 
between Henry Robert, only son 
of ihc laie Mr and Mrs H. R. 
Banleit, of Loughton, Essex, 
and Maeve Marian, younger 
daughter of Dr and Mrs St John 
Murphy, of Loughton. Essex. 

Mr N.A. Clarke 

and Miss E. Hurveoes 

The engagement is announced 

between Nicholas Anthony, son 

of Mr and Mrs Anthony Clarke, 

Next terra begins on Thurs-| of Withington. and Elin, daugh- 

day, September 1 1. 

ter of Mr and Mrs Torkel 
Hurvenes, of Kristiansand, 

mmm Tlu> afternoon His Royal 


- - u HM Government 

Mr John MacKay, Minister of 

- Home Affairs, Health and So- 

■' rial Work, Scottish Office, was 

■‘ r ~ - host at a reception held at 
Edipbmgh Castle yesterday, on 
the, occasion of the meeting in 

- r ~ Edinburgh of the European 
..-.TV-'-: Training and Development 

' 7' — ’ Crime for Farming and Rural 
- : Ufa. •- 

iii! owner* SH 

. ^ m • ■ Intdlige 

i. ? M L i°iy 

•• — v the- fliun 

Service reception 

Joint Air Reconnaissance 
Intelligence Centre 
Group Captain and Mrs Geof- 
frey Oxlee received the guests at 
the- annual Joint Air Recon- 
naissance Intelligence Centre 
reception held yesterday at RAF 


British Association of Hotel 

Service dinners 

Tri-Service Colleges 
The annual Tri-Service Staff 
College dinner was held last 
night at the Royal Naval Staff 
College/ Greenwich. Captain G. 
A- Eades, who presided, re- 
ceived the guests with Major- 
General C J. Walters and Air 
Vice-Marshal G. A. White. Ad-„ 
miral of the Fleet Sir John 
Fieldhouse. Chief of the De- 
fence Staff, was the principal 

Royal Naval Reserve 
Lieutenant Commander Batten 
presided at the annual ladies 
guest night dinner of HMS 
Northwood Officers held last 
night at Northwood HQ. The 
principal guests were Admiral 
Sir Nicholas and Lady Hunt. 
Aries Association 
Lady (Andrew) Humphrey was 
she guest of honour at ihe 
annual dinner of the Anes 
Association held in conjunction 
with the dining-oui of No 18 
General Duties Aerosystems 

commemoration day. Mr M. R. The engagement is announced 
Toynbee, chairman of the coun- between William, eldest son of 
ctL is presenting the prizes. The Mr William A. J. Davie, of 
following awards have - been Lemsford, Hertfordshire, and 
made for 1986/7; Mrs Kaihleen M. Sinclair, of 

East End Green, Hertfordshire, 
and Esther, eldest daughter of 
Mr and Mrs John C. Blatter, of 
Ayot St Peter, Hertfordshire. 

Mr L.R. Davies 
and Miss R-A. Buck 
The engagement is announced 
between Uoyd, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs H.R. Davies. - of 
Uansleffan, Dyfed. and Rose- 
mary. only daughter of the (ate 
Mrs M. Buck of Amersham, 
Buckinghamshire, and of Mr A. 
J. Buck, formerly of Amersham, 
now of Richmond, Surrey. 

Mr MS. Denton 
and Miss L.C. Macdoqgald 
The engagement is announced 
between Sluan. second son of 
Mr and Mrs M. Demon. Ilford, 
Essex, and Lorna. only daughter 
of Mrs M. Macdougald. New- 
_ ... . . _ port-on-Tay. Fife. Scotland. 

The Michaelmas Term will ■ 
commence on Sunday. Septem- , 

ber 14. and Sarah H Groom Mr G.A. Hamson 
(Lea) will be head prefect for the and Mrs J , A. Stacey 
Michaelmas Term and Alexaq- The engagement is announced 
der P Willmott (Rhodes) will be between Guy Harrison, of 
head prefect for the Lent and Kingston and Jacqueline Stacey, 

ciL is presenting the prizes. The 
following awards have - been 
made for 1986/7: 


Mr Dev Anand was the guest of Course at RAF Cofiege Cranwell 
honour a £ the annual dinner of yesterday. Group Captain Q. R- 
the British Association of Hotel Pitchfork presided. Air Marshal 
Accountants held at the London Sir Barry Dux bury, president or 
Marriott Hotel fast night. Mr the association, received the 
Douglas Barrington, president, guests who included: 
and Mr Richard Gold, chair- smmu^wr^k cameron andproup 
man, presided. w 5 "*"■ 

The Michaelmas Term will 
commence on Sunday. Septem- 
ber 14. and Sarah H Groom 
(Lea) will be head prefect for the 
Michaelmas Term and Alexaq- 

Summer Terms. 

of Richmond, Surrey. 

pirfhgj Marriages, Deaths and In Memorfam 

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if: - 

Bare s 

hroiher lor and 

- at Louise Maroaret- an 

- -.Igor, Bato- mother and rainer ->■ 
wefl and. ecstatic. 

' wmiam) and Fergus, a 
Ctemenhne RuU»- ^ ^ 

^ ‘^M^SL^WlfaWiuiamAr- 

■srssu- a ? i rt- 

LEVY - On ®gl-i U S 
Chari Hoa *S&J2r Ito"*** 
Michael, a dauvraer. **“ 

HtacLEOD ■ On 6th July, in Riyadh, to 
pSSy and Rory, a daughter. 
Miranda Craw. i 

NORTON - On 10th July. 1986. to 
Anne and CUve. a son. GwJEtfwart 
Anthony, a brother for Emily and ! 


PAVRY - On July tOth. P* i 

West London HoepttaLto Elteabeth 
Anne tnee Biackt and Petw. adaugi- 
t e r. Alexandra Caroline, a aster for 
Charlotte and Victoria. 

K HBET T ■ On July IOUi. al home, to 
Francises urfe Crommetin) and An- 
son. Timothy John 
Alexander, a brother to Robert. Flor- 
ence and Elizabeth. 

ROBINSON ■ On July to Aitom 
and Nicolas, a dauahier. Ruto 

OH'la Anne. umrMno 

ctewaRT - On July 9®. at Bar King 


SrtJSTSdBernard. a daughter. 
Hannah Elen. • 


- WUJUK90N ■ The raarri&ae 
JnSnsStodai'. 12th July at 




ktatTS on Wednesday «h 

'dm “SSik'gS’c^SSS 

91 ■ Oariu Bevingtoh. 

Malden S"£S» M° nday 
Fun 5n«Lv^PntniS ; 

I4ih July aiiruw^ Wimbledon 

CtiuTt*- Putnev 


FRATtR Loma - On July 8th. in Auck- 
land. New Zealand, after an illness 
bravely borne. Beloved wife of the 
late Alec, dearly loved mother of 
Klrsty and Russell. To be burled at 
R&nuera. Auckland on July 12lti. 

JASPER - On 2nd July. 1986. tn hospi- 
tal- DonWfiy Margaret Jasper /nee 
Price). Funeral Service has taken 

LEMON On July 9th peacefully at 
Great Shetford. Cambrtoge. RasaUe 
beloved and devoted Nannie for 56 
years to Goes and Dore families. Fu- 
neral ai Our Lady of Lourdes. 
Saws) on. Cambridge at 2.00pm Mon- 
day July 2 1st Family flowers only. 
Donations if desired to Friends of 
Peru. Worth Abbey, Crawley. West 
Sussex RHIO 4FB. 

MACE - Confidently and serenely in 
Leeds General Infirmary, on Juiy 
3rd. ihe Res’. Arthur WUttam Vernon 
Mace. B.Sc.. aged 79 of 26 Stutton 
Road. Tod easier and formerly of 
Long Mareton Rectory and Rugby 
SchooL Devoted husband lo Heim. 
His Funeral look place thankfufty on 
July 9in at Tadcaster. DonaUtms. In 
lieu of flowers. io Church Missionary , 
Society or HospUaL S. Louis. 

gOCKAU. ■ On 10th July, suddenly at 
hts home fit South woW. Walter Fred- . 
crick Charles. Deeply fell loss, by ! 
family and Friends. Service at St. 
Edmund's Church. SouthwoM on I 
Thursday. iTUi July at 2.00 pm. Flo- 
ral fributeS » church. - - 

TURNER (Stewart) ■ On 8th July, in 
Brighton, peacefully after a fong and 
courageous ftghL JD1 Turner, be- 
loved wt/e of Richard and mother of 
William. Richard and David Stewart 
and Rosalind Hoare. Funeral Service 
at SI. Andrew's Church. Steyntng. 
West Sussex on Tuesday. 13th July 
at 1 1. 30 am. foil owed to private cre- 
mation No flowers please but 
donations lo Friends of St. Andrews 
Church or Copper Cliff. HosMce. 
Redtiill Drive. Brighton. Enquiries to 
CtScridt Bros.. Steyniog (0903) 

VINE ■ On 20th June, suddenly (n Lon- 
don. Frederick vine. B-A, second 
son Of the tore John and Margaret 
vine Of Belfast- father trf Sftrtwi ! 
vine of Para, and brother of Dr R. G. 
Vine of BeantinRer- Dorset Crema- 
Uon took Place on l« July. 1986. 

WARD - On 9th July. Peacefully in St. 
Stephen- New Brunswick. Canada. 
<^non Or ttonakt Arthur Ward, ftp- 

. merty of EUinpham Rectory. NorfBlk 
and Wyriiffe College. Toronto. Any 
comMtinicauoiB please to Evelyn 
Ward or Philip Ward. 68 Union 
Street- st- Stephen E3L 1TR 

WOODNOUSE - On July loth, peace- 
fully in hospital. Dr Hametle 
Barbara aged 91 of Regent House, 
Stanmore. Middlesex, where she 
worked happily for many years. Fu- 
neral Sen-fee ai St John the 
Evangelist Stannum at 1 1-30 am on 
Friday. Juiy 18th. followed by cre- 
mation. Family flowers only. 
Donations, it desired, to St. John the 

YOUNG - Oh July 6th, Winifred Joyce 
tnie Carsoni A R A M, of Plantation 
Cottage. Wlgglnion. Trtng. Widow of 
Kan Richard Young. Vicar or 
Kensworfh. Dearly loved mother of 
Gillian. Chnstopher and Bridget 
Also sadly missed to her grandchil- 
dren. great .grandchildren and 
family. Requiem Mass at Kensworth 
Church. Beds on Tuesday 16th July 

. at 3 pm. Floral tributes and any en- 
quiries to SA Bates. Funeral 
Directors. Dunstable 63633. 


JUTCKSON Flight Lieutenant H. L. J. 
Allduson. Kilted to action. July I2ttt 
1943. R4.P. 

CREAL GRAHAM In memory of my 
dearest and most loyal friend who 
died this day July 12th 1984. Gra- 
ham remembered wilh eternal 
gratitude and affection by AlasUtr. 

M nrotn & unfading memory of 
Lieut: Alexander Simpson Smith 
B-AJU.C. “T1» strength of genileuea 
the ntlghl of meekness the glory of a 
courage unafraid, a constant love a 
tenderness for weakness were in his 
face in his life displayed". 

dencc. So it becomes the ground, 
of division. 

Such modesty about what we 
have received is necessary if we 
seek a realistic understanding ot 
the work of the Holy Spirit. The 
light and truth which Christians 
have received about God and 
his purpose for us are gifts of the 
Spirit This means that we 
approach the diverse expres- 
sions of Christian thought with 
expectation and reverence. But 
it does not mean that we can 
absolutize them. 

At no point have Christians 
received unmediated truth or 
expressed whai they have re- 
ceived in other than human 
forms. Always there has been 
. the limitation of the human 
framework. Often it has been 
the limitation of our words to 
contain the mystery of God, and 
the limitation of organization to 
reveal the body of Christ This is 
not to pour scorn on the history 
of faith but to acknowledge that 
former Christians. like our- 
selves, saw, knew and spoke 
only pan of the whole Glory of 

There is, of course, an excep- 
tion. Those who were with 
Christ in his earthly life saw and 
knew the face of God. "That 
which was from the beginning, 
which we have heard, vraich we 
have seen with our eyes, which 
wc have looked upon and 
touched with our hands” gave to 
the apostles their unique 

It is as though all other 
approaches to the presence of 
God are mirrors, some a little 
dirty, some with a crack, some 
distorted but here the person 
seen is the one worshipped- This 
is the ground for the central 
theme of the Reformation about 
the authority of scripture above 
the traditions of the church. 

Mr M.H. Johnston 
and Miss AJ. Batson 
The engagement is announced 
between Hunter, cider son of 
Major and Mrs W. A. Johnston, 
of Armagh. Northern Ireland, 
and Amanda, younger daughter 
of Mr and Mrs C.S. Ba/son, of 
Sevenoaks. Kent. 

Mr M.D. Jones 
and Miss S.M. Hare 
The engagement is announced 
betweeen MichaeL son of Mr 
and Mrs Deane Jones, of Cob- 
ham. Surrey, and Samantha, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Colin 
Hare, of Cobham, Surrey, and 
also of Floreal, Mauritius. 

Mr D.B. Kingsbury 
and Miss S J. O'Neill 
The engagement is announced 
between David Bloss. younger 
son of Mr Roger Kingsbury, and 
the late Eileen Kingsbury, of 
Boxfoid, Suffolk, and Sally- 
Jane, elder daughter of Mrs. 
Frances O'Neill and the late 
Major John O’Neill, of 
Bliuifield, Staffordshire. 

Mr J.M. Tweed ie 
and Miss JX All corn 
The engagement is announced 
between John, twin son of Mns 
G. M. Tweedie and the fate Mr 
G. C. Tweedie. FRCS, of 
Knightsbridge. London, and 
Julienne, only daughter of Mr 
and Mrs R. Allcom, of Kensing- 
ton. London. 

Mr M. Roder 
and Miss E J. Ferguson 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, son of Mrs J. 
Bunyan and the late Mr P. H. 
Rader, of Gravesend. Kent, and 
Elizabeth Jane, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs R. Ferguson, of New 
Romney, Kent 

Mr DJ.B. Shaoghnessy 
and Miss A.M. Schoetoe 
The engagement is announced 
^between David James, younger 
son of Mr and Mrs Alfred 
Shaughnessy. of London, and 
Anne Marie, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Thomas Schoetile, Snr. ot 
Indianapolis. United States. 
The marriage will take place on 
October 11, in Los Angeles, 
California. United States. 

Mr P.K. Sloan 
and Miss RJ5. Stanton 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul, younger son of Dr 
and Mrs S. B. Sloan, of 
Herongate, Essex, and Ruth, 
youngest daughter of Mr B, S. 
Stanton and Lhe fate Mrs N. E. 
Sianion, of Wooler. 
N orthumberland. 

But scripture is also the 
product of tradition, formed 
within the teaching ministry of 
the early church. Just as the 
Reformers claimed, that scrip- 
ture stood as judge of tradition, 
we need to go on and affirm that 
Christ, the living word of God. 
is above the words of the book. 
He is not contained or con- 
trolled by the book. As we know 
from John, “There are many 
other things that Jesus did; were 
every one of them u> be written. 
1 suppose the world itself could 
not contain the books that 
would be written;"' 

What we have received in 
scripture is sufficient to per- 
suade us of the nature and work 
of Christ, and this is the closest 
we come to the authority of 

-God’s way in the world of 
humanity. Beside that our 
churchly authority looks tempo- 
rary ana largely conditioned by 
the language of the age. God 
gives us enough light to point 
towards Christ. We know the 
quality of the Kingdom. We 
hear that melody which is an 
Easter alleluia. But always and 
everywhere the church is an 
“earthen vessel”, made out of 
the clay. It cannot absolutize its 
history, even that pan of the 
history we hold most precious. 

So development there mil 
surely be as we find for our- 
selves the beating gift of God in 
our strange world which threat- 
ens to tear itself apart. The 
greatest service of tradition is 
not to save us the risk oi 
discovery but to assure us of the 
extraordinary faithfulness of 
God in the mixture of 

Bernard Thorogood 

General Secretary’ 
C ’ nited Reformed Church 


Mr J. Anfnso 
and .Miss P. Drinkwater 
The marriage took place in 
Sicily on June 28. of Mr Joseph 
Anfuso. of Enna. and Miss- 
Pauline Drinkwaier, of London, 
followed by a blessing at St 
Georges, Taormina 

Mr P.M. Armstrong 
and Miss S.M JU Hanson 
The marraige took place on 
Satundav, Julv 5. at the Temple 
Church.' EC4. between Mr Peter 
Armstrong, only son of Mr and 
Mrs Colin Armstrong, of Gabo- 
rone. Botswana, and Miss Susan 
Hanson, elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Roy Hanson, of 
Bourne End. Buckinghamshire. 
Canon J. Robinson. Master of 
the Temple, officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Jane Goddard. 
Winifred Chang and Michael 
Aschenbrenner. Mr Colin Croly 
was best man. 

A reception was held at the 
Middle Temple Hail. 

Dr J.P. Falfcowski 
and Miss S-E. Bayer ' 

The marriage took place on 
Saturday, July 5, at the 
Brompion Oratory, of Dr Jan 
Patrick Falkowski. elder son or 
Dr W. and Dr B. Falkwoski of 
London. SW16. and Miss Sian 
Elizabeth Bayer, elder daughter 
of Mr A.M. Bayer, of Old Town, 
Hastings, and Mrs G.R. Anker, 
of Newport. Isle of Wight. 
Father T. Kukla officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Sara Parsons. Vic- 
toria Stcedman and Matthew 
Parsons. Mr Clive Beck was best 

Receptions were held at the 
Ognisco Club. Princes Gate, and 
at the home of the groom’s 
parents. The honeymoon will be 
spent in Turkey. 

Mr C.VV. Wick cn den 
and Miss P.M. Whitear 

The marriage took place on 
Saturday, July 5. at St Peter's 
Church. Burnham. 

Buckinghamshire, between Mr 
Charles William Wickenden, 
eldest son of Mr and Mrs W. 
Wickenden, of RedhiJI, Surrey, 
and Miss Philippa Mary 
Whitear. only daughter of Mr 
John . R. Whitear and Mrs 
Rosemary Whiiear, of Hilling- 
don. Middlesex. 

Church services?: 
Seventh Sunday 
after Trinity 

YORK MINSTER: B. 8.46 HC: 10.16 
Suite. Euch. Mkxa Fesava tP<setei*l 
Professor H M Currlr: 11.30 M. 
Responses tUoydl: 4 E. Zadok Ihe 
Priest iHumKIX Carton Michael 

} I M. Te Oeum i Sanford t. TJWU win 
keep him m perfect peace (Wesley). 

TCMpHPoSwich. Flee* Street. EC4: 
a. 30 HC: 11.15 Morning Prayet. 
Responses I Bernard Rose). Te Deum 
Laudatmie /AJcock). juUUle Deo 
i Ho wells), ihe Master. 

WC2: 8 30. J2^I5 HC: 11 Morning 


(HaiuteiX Canon Michael 
2 s S CATHEDRAL: 7.30 M: 8. 



iByrdl. Collegium Resale (Woodl. I 
was gfad i Parry j. the Rt Rev Kenneth 
Wooficom be. 

M. How dear are toy counsels 
(Crotch). Rev Antnony Haney: 11.00 
Sung EuCh. Mtssa O auam gtortcnuni 
i vi i lona). 3 E. Where thou retenesi 
iSchubert), Rev W J D Down: 6^50 

gl^W^graffiSSSAL.- 9 HC- 
1 1 Euch. Mine o auam jjtonosum 
(Victoria). Alleluia, l heard® voice 
rweeikes). Hall true body iPtatosangi. 
me Provost; 3 E. O urw uiuo me Lord 
iPureem. Rev . David_ AdUn^on. _ 

BALFOUR Sarah . Remembering my 
Mother with love and gratitude - 

BOWLBY or R«y - July 12 m. lass • 
Remembering you with love and 
affection. KtOy. 

CH£AL - In loving memory of dut dar- 
ling son and brother. Graham, who 
died 12th July. 1984. Always In our 
Ihwotite - Tony- Renee. Carol and 

UUMG-lfclTCHEgM sandy Alexander . 
Born on July 12th. 1936. died De- 
cember 16. 1985. Remembered wtih 
my deepest admiration and respect. 

HOME Kenneth - Please pray tar him. 
especially today. Ihe fourth anniver- 
sary of Ws passing. 

TWtGGE - Alan. Lieut. 1st KRRC. my 
beloved son, Italy 1944. and dearest 

Splendente le. Deus imoeutj; 3.30 
Solemn v«*p«s. Magnificat octavl 
lout .iMawuwi 1 ‘Parrvi. 

Holy Comm union. Very Rev James p 
Pa one It. 

XK 8.30 HC: 1 1.16 Morning Raw. 
Blessed be the God and Father 

ffi?S 'sg«?E P L 5, ^'.n ft VOV. 

WO: 8 30 HC. Te Deum (Slanrordt: 
IMS M. Sweet Day, » Cool 
1 Vaughan Williams >. Rev J S Wrtobt. 
ICh. SE10: 11 “ 

Greenwich. SE1 
Prayer. Lord I Tr 

EIQ: 11 Morning 
Trust Thee iHandeU- 

GU/^^^StAPEL. Wellington Bar- 
racks. SW l. 11 M. Rev L H Bryan; 12 

Canon Eric James. _ 

Morning Prayer and Sermon. 
Benedict us out vend IFaureL Rev F V 

WC2: 8.30. 12. J 5 HC: 11 MprnUw 
Prayet- Te Deum and JubUMe . 
iHiiimreyi. I waited for ,lhe Lora 
(MenaelssohnL Rev R N Kenwara. 
CHAPEL ROYAL. Hampton C^ol 
Palace 8.30 HC. n M. Almlgiwamd 

E iertasung God iGibtions). ihej^fc 
in. 5.30 E. Miserere Mel iBynO. a 
Lord Arise (Weeimi. 

Sung Euch. Rev Peter Oetanw. 

ALL SAINTS. Maraaret Street- Wt. 8. 
5.15 LM: 11 HM. Miss Brevjj 
1 Mozart 1 . Insanae el '“p*® 
iHaydni. the vicar: 6 Eucn and 
Benediction. W 

Orchesira, Rev George cassiay. 
Church Stree*. SW3: 8. 12 H&JO 
Children's Service, ll M; 6 E- Preo 



Audtey Street: 8.1B HC 
Euch. Mesa sancu Leopold) and 
Laudale Puerl 1 Michael Haydn). Rev 

Ao'C'y^nttv,. Bromplod iBoad. 
SW7: 8.30 HO U Fandty Service. 
Rev J A K Miliar. 6 30 ES. Rev N K 

Road. SW7: 8. 12 06 HC: 1 1 Morning 
Prayer. Rev Martin Israel- 

8.30. 12 10 HC: 10.30 EuCh. CSuvon 

ST^ALBAN'S. Brooke St. Bp l,:.9.30 



Hear us O Lord (Richard Rodney 
Bennett 1 . toe Rector- 
st bride-s. Fleet street. ECO; a sp 
CUM and Eucn. Resnotnea iTallis). 
Benedlctus 1 Stanford). Canon John 
Oates; 6.30 E. O were shall wisdom 


Revisionist papal historian 

Mr Edward Elton Young 
Hales. The historian whose 
publications over 20 years 
provide a sympathetic and 
critical reappraisal of the role 
of the papacy in the political 
history of Europe since 1789, 
died on July 1. He was 77. 

Teddy Hates was educated 
at Gresham's School. Holt, 
and Oriel College. Oxford, 
coming down in 1930 with a 
First in History. After Oxford, 
he spent three years teaching 
English history at Yale where 
he met his .American wife, 
Anne Porter. Returning home, 
he taught for a period at 
Uppingham where his pupils 
achieved an impressive record 
of university scholarships. 

He entered HM Inspector- 
ate of Schools in 1939. As a 
staff inspector he worked hard 
to alter the way in which 
history was taught, insisting 
that political and cultural 
history should not be consid- 
ered separately; and he soon 
inaugurated courses for teach- 
ers abroad in France and in 
Italy. He retired as chief 
inspector in J968, when he 
was created CBE. The only 
interruption in this pan of his 
career was three years as 
information officer in the 
Washington Embassy from 

An Anglican by baptism, 
Hales became a Roman Cath- 
olic shortly after the war. He 
had a lifelong affection for 
Italy, and his new-found faith 
determined the direction of 
his historical interests. In 
1 954. PioSono. the first life in 
English of Pius IX. was a 
courageous and original at- 
tempt to understand the mo- 
tives of a man who started as a 
liberal and ended as the 
author of the Syllabus of 
Errors and as the doubtful 
beneficiary of the doctrine of 
infallibility. The Pope who 
emerges is consistent, serious, 

even noble, and, in redressing 
the balance against the "liber- 
al bias” in nineteenth-century 
history, the author scores 
many" shrewd hits ^against 
what has passed for historical 

He explores the other side of 
the argument in Marini and 
the Secret Societies (1956). 
Here, the liberal hero is prop- 
erly cut down to size but 
Gregory XVI also appears as a 
fallible figure in his insistence 
on retaining temporal author- 
ity in the Papal States. 

Hales's understanding of 
the proper role of a modern 
Pope is tllu5vated in his 
Napoleon ttnd the Pope { 1962) 
where Pius VII retained spiri- 
tual freedom and authority 
although a prisoner of Napo- 
leon I; and in his last historical 
work. Pope John and his 
Revolution ( 1 965), where John 
XXIII is the spiritual leader 
who brought the church into 
reconciliation with the mod- 
ern world while sacrificing 
none of the essentials of the 

Hales was a man of great 
humanity and gentleness, 
though his strong opinions 
could draw sharp rebukes. He 
had a carefully concealed eru- 
dition which made him a 
marvellous intellectual com- 
panion. He brought to every 
conversation a diffident, self- 
deprecating humour and an 
eagerness to praise others 
while insisting that his own 
work had no merit and was 
best ignored. 

He had a fine model railway 
which he cared for too much 
to show it to any but the most 
persistent. He must be the . 
only papal historian to have 
noticed that Pio Nono's 
carezza capella was one of the 
first railway carriages mount- 
ed on bogies, a point the Pope 
would have appreciated. 

He is survived by bis wife, a 
daughter and two sons. 


Sir James Richards writes: 

May 1, since I must be one 
of the few surviving members 
of the St Paul’s Night Watch 
(which was recruited in 1939, 
mostly from architects too old 
for military service, plus a few 
younger men like myself with 
jobs in London and free to 
spend nights in the cathedral), 
.add a few words to your 
obituary notice of Godfrey 
Allen published on June 25? 

Before war began, he was 
entrusted by the dean and 
chapter with the task of form- 
ing a Night Watch, which he 
then set about instructing, 
with great charm but single- 
minded discipline, in the tech- 
nique of fighting fires and, 
equally important, in the com- 
plicated backstage geography 
of the building. 

When no raid was on, we 
did not sleep, as your corre- 
spondent suggests, in the 
Whispering Gallery (which 
would have been dangerously 
exposed) or the triforium, but 
in the barrel arches of the 

crypt, with two of our number 
always patrolling the roofs. 

Bui I never saw Godfrey 
Allen sleeping; he was always 
on duty, was there almost 
every night, and the survival 
of tiie cathedral is due to him 
more than anyone else. 

Contrary to what your cor- 
respondent says, no incendi- 
ary bombs penetrated the 
roofs, although on one night, I 
recall, the Night Watch had to 
deal with as many as 38. 

On two occasions, high 
explosive bombs came right 
through the roofs and burst 
inside the building, causing 
enormous damage, but there 
was nothing even Godfrey 
Allen could have done about, 

I and my fellow members of 
the Watch admired him great- 
ly. He dedicated himself whol- 
ly to the responsibility he had 
been given. 

At the same time, he was 
one of the best scholars of all 
those who have served St 
Paul’s. You did not give his 
age. He was 94 when he died 


Mr Alan Bates writes: 

■ Your obituary of Nigel 
Stock (June 24) very properly 
referred to him as an excellent, 
reliable and dependable actor, 
but did not seem to express 
how often he went bevond this 
into performances of creative 

I was lucky enough to work 
with him on two such occa- 
sions - in Simon Gray's 
Stagestruck, in which he gave 
a performance of enormous 
humour and inventiveness, in 
fact became the star of the 
show; and a few years later, 
when he gave a wonderfully 
grotesque and original inter- 
pretation of the Baron von 
Epp in the Chichester revival 

Marie-Lwrise Point, pro- 
prietor of La Pyramide, the 
oldest three-star restaurant in 
France, died on July 5 at her 
home in Vienne. She was 87. 

The restaurant obtained its 
. third star from the Afichdin 
Guide in 1935. 

During World War 1L it was 
a refuge for the Resistance, 
where a less ambitious, but 
equally appreciated fare was 

be found 'Boyce i- I was glad iParry). 
canon John Oates. _ 

5W5: 10 HC It Sung Euch. O lasje 
and see iVaughan Williams). Rev Jdlui 
Vine: 6 E and BenedlcaUon 
ST GEORGE'S. Hanover Square. Wl: 
8.30 HCr 1 1 Sung Euch. Musa Brevis 
<Mozan). Thou will keep him tn 

HC 1 1 Sung Eutfu 6 Evenetng 

ST JAMES'S. Sussex Cantons. WZ: 8 
HC: 10.30 Sung Euch. LftUe Organ 
Mass < Haydn). 6 E. Second Service 
<ByrQ). I line all beauteous things 

ST^uIkE'S. Chelsea. BW3: 8 HC 

10.30 Morning Prayer. Rev D R 
Watson; UJ20 HC. How lovely_are 
Thy dwellings (Brahms): 6.30 E. I 
heard a voice iGovO. Mv N weir. 
ST MARCARETrs. Westminster, 
swi: 8.16. 12.15 HC: 11 M and 
Sermon. Canon Trevor Beeson. 

HC; 9 45 Family c. Rev Stephen 
Roberts: 11.30 Morning Pram- Ste- 
phen Push: 2.46 Chinese Service: 

6.30 Evening Prayer. Rev Canon BUI 

ST MARY ABBOTS. Kensington. WR 
8. 12.30 HC; 9.30 Sung Euch. Rev S 
H H Artaud: 11.15 M. me vicar: 6.30 
E. Rev S H -H Adand. _ 

ST MARY’S. Bourne Street. SW1: 9. 
9.45. 7. LM: u HM. Mtssa 'Le blen 
que far (Goudlmei). Ego sum pants 
vfvus (Esquivel). O sacrum convfvfum 
(Croce i, Dr Brian Horne: 6.15 Even- 
song and Solemn Benediction. 

Road. Wl: 8. 11 HC Mtssa AssumDB 
esi Marta iPaiesirtnaL O beata « 
gloricna Trtnilas <Pak*mnn>- Rev R 
McLaren: 6.30. Rev C K Hamel 

ST MICHAEL'S. OornlUU. EC& 11 M: 
12.16 HC. Responses iRosei. Te Deum 
and Bened ictus (Darke). Sing joyfully 
(Byrd). Rei David Burton Evans 
ST PAUL'S. Robert Adam Street, Wl: 
1 1. Rev George CaSSidy: 6J0 HC. Rev 

of John Osborne's A Patriot 
for Afe. 

These are only two occa- 
sions when Nigel's perfor- 
mances were as good as any 
that more acknowledged lead- 
ing actors, or stars, could hope 
to give. 

Because he played so many 
parts that were not in them- 
selves exceptional, and also 
because he appeared so often 
and became an absolutely 
integral part of films, theatre 
and television - and had a 
superb radio career of which 
he was very proud - he was, 
perhaps, taken too much for 

He was a man of enormous 
charm, great humour and 
generosity to younger players. 

Mr James Edward To pi in, 
MBE, Chief Constable of the 
Port of London Authority 
police force since 1980, and its 
longest serving officer, died 
suddenly on June 13. He was 

Mr Lambert Pohner, the 
naturalist who watched over 
the birds and butterflies of 
New York’s Central Park for 
more than 40 years, whatever 
the weather, died on July 7 at 
the age of 59. 

Deum iSianTonli. O Thou toe central 
orb i Woodi. Preb John Pearce: 6.30 
Evening Prayer. Collegium Regale 
iHovweltei. Thou win keep him In 
-■DM! peace (Wesley*, 

VEDAST. Foster Lane. ECS: 11 
Euch. Pants AnwUcus CFranck). 
^ ANNUNCIATION. Brvanslon 
Street, wi: II HM. The Mass of (he 
Quiet Hour lOldroydj. confliemliu 
Domino iConsUuitiiuj: 6 LM and 

LAND. Pom Street, SW1: ii.-6.30. 
Uw Very Rev J Fraser McLu ‘ 


LAND. Govcnt Carden. WC2: 11.1 
6.30. Rev- Jvennetn G Hughes. 

Wl. 8. IO. 12. 4. 6. LM: 11 SM. MUSa 
breus iCnurwa;. Laudale Dominium 
iPtionl) . Si ambulem rTyej. _ _ 
FARM STREET. Wl: 7.30. 8.30. 10. 
1215. 4.15. 6 16. LM: 11 HM. 
THE ORATORY. Brompton Road. 
SW7: 7. 8. 9. IO. 12.30. 4.30. 7 LM; 
11 HAL Messe Srtenneoe rwidorj. 
Laetatus sum i Ore rote): 5.30 Vespers. 
Eno sum pants vivus 'Palestrina). 

ST ETHELDREDA'S, Ely Plans 11 
SM. For Four Voice*. Ave verum 
(Byrd). _ 

11. Rev George CaSSldy: 6-50 HC. Rev 
Geo roe Cassidy 

ST PAIVS. Wilton Place. SWl: 8.9 

HC: 11 Solemn Euch. Gtona ta 
excels!* Deo nmomas Tomkins). Te 
Desim (Kaiph Vaughan Williams 1 . 
Behold toe hour nxneth rmonus 
Tonu ansi. R ev a C C CourfauM. 

ST PETER’S. Eaton Square. SWj: 
8.1S HC. Blessed be 10 toe Lord Cod 
(Amneri: to Family Mass: 11 Solemn 
Maas. Rev P Bv fin 
ST SIMON ZELOTES. Milner Street 
SW3. 8 HC: 11 Morning Prayer.; Te 

iBvrdi Jesu. dulds memoDa (Vic- 
toria). 3 . Chaldean me. 

Wl- 11 . Rev Ran F Allison. 

CITY TEMPLE. Hotoorn. ECl: 11 . 
6 30. Rev Eric Waugh. 

King's Road SW3: 1 1 . Mr David Ray; 
6 . Rev William Gtenesk. 

CHLRCH. Wl: 11 Rev Stuart Jordan: 
6.30. Rev Ken Howcroft. 
KP^INCJON URC. Allen StreeL 
W 8:i . 6 .5 0. Dr Kenneth Slack. 
CPC Tavistock Place, wci: 11 C. 
Rev John Miller. 6.30, Mrs J P 

trujam. Gresham SL EC2: 11 HC.- 7 
Bach Vespers. 

Rm. John Miller. 

XI. Rev Ronald C GHdMJSS 
11 “ 

namcaie. SWi: II. 6J0. HevRt 


♦ - 

'""Vi , - — T>-1 


_* w 

71 . * 


Motorway closed 
in gas alert 

Continued from page 1 
driver and three other people, 
including two children, were 
treated for streaming eyesand 
noses at East Surrey Hospital, 
RedhilL and released later. 

. Three cottages were evacu- 
ated near where the lorry was 
stopped, but during Thursday 
night firemen moved it to an 
unused section of the M23 
near Rebate. 

A spokesman for Guy’s 
Hospital, south-east London, 
said the chemical was only 
dangerous when highly con- 
centrated and very hot. 

Yesterday the Chemical In- 
dustries Association, which, 
represents companies involved 
In chemical manufacture or 
production, defended its safety 
record on Britain's roads. 

Mr Martyn Nntland, a 
spokesman for the association, 
raid: “In the last 12 years, a 
period in which 80,000 people, 
have died on the roads, only 

one person has been killed 
because of a chemical load." 

Every year about 80 million 
tonnes of chemicals are car- 
ried on Britain's roads and 
most of the traffic travels less 
than 50 miles en route from 
maker to user. 

About half of the chemicals 
are moved in balk, usually in 
liquid form, and the rest 
packaged in drums, cans and 
bottles. Less than half of the 
loads transported in bulk and 
only a qnarter of those pack- 
aged are hazardous, according 
to the association. 

Stringent safety regulations 
also apply to continental tank- 
ers or loads of chemicals being 
moved in Britain. Internation- 
al movements are subject to an 
agreement signed by most 
European countries known as 
the “ADR Convention", which 
corns labelling of chemicals 
and emergency procedures. 

Consignments not covered 
by the convention must comply 
with British regulations. 

-Two held 
on consul 

Continued from page 1 
police have no leads, they are 
apparently investigating his 
business interests as 'a distrib- 
utor of imported motor vehi- 
cles - Land-Rover, Chevrolet 
and Jaguar reportedly being 
among them. His business fre- 
quently took him to the 
United States. 

Funerals in. Colombia must 
take place, within 24 hours of 
death, but the family succeed- 
ed in gaining a delay until 
today to allow his estranged 
North American wife, Patri- 
cia, to travel to Barranquilla 
from Ilinois. 

Mr Hutchinson became 
honorary consul three years 
ago, on the death of his father, 
an immigrant from Jamaica, 
who had held the post for 
many years. Mr Hutchinson 
had worked as vice-consul 
under his father. As consul, he 
received a small retain er. 

Security concern, page 5 I 

Mandela refuses 
to see Howe 

Continued from page 1 

were killed as they tried to flee. 

On Thursday morning six 
suspected ANC guerrillas were 
shot dead near the rural town 
of Alldays in the Northern 
Transvaal police said. A sev- 
enth escaped but is believed to 
have been wounded. 

In Soweto, at least two black 
men were reported killed in 
fighting yesterday between 
township residents and Zulu 
migrant workers, according to 
the Bureau for Information 
and independent sources. 

• HARARE: Sir Geoffrey 
ended his mission to Zambia, 
Zimbabwe and Mozambique 
yesterday, speaking of “cau- 
tious hope" that the parties to 
the violence in South Africa 
will agree to peace talks (Jan 
Raath writes). 

He said before he left 
Maputo, the Mozambique 
capital, that he had achieved 
some success in his talks with 
the leaders of the three states. 

He had been trying to win 
their support for -a mandate 
from the EEC to open talks 
between Pretoria and its black 

Sir Geoffrey spent 90 min- 
utes yesterday with President 
Machel of Mozambique, who 
made no comment afterwards. 

However, Mr Joaquim 
Chissano. his Foreign Minis- 
ter, said that he believed the 
EEC mission to be in good 
faith. “But we think that in the 
light of the South African 
Government’s past behaviour 
it is most unlikely that the 
regime will create a dialogue. 

“If someone finds some 
magic formula that can change 
the minds of the South Afri- 
can Government then we shall 

• NAIROBI: Uganda has de- 
rided not to send a team to the 
Commonwealth Games, in 
protest at Britain's refusal to 
support economic sanctions 
against South Africa (Charles 
Harrison writes). 


Solution to Puzzle No 17,090 Solution to Puzzle No 17,095 | Today’s events 

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In the garden 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,096 

A prize o/The Times Atlas of World History will be given for the 
first three correct solutions opened next Thursday. Entries 
should be addressed to: The Times. ■ Saturday Crossword 
Competition PO Box 486. 1 Virginia Street, London. El 9XN. 
The winners and solution will be published next Saturday. 

The winners of last Saturday’s competition are: Mrs B Moore. 
Crossing Cottages, Saxmuhdham Road. Leiston. Suffolk; Mr 
Derek Deevy. Victoria Close. Aigburth Vale. Liverpool; Dr 
Edward Jarrett. Well Cottage, Charminster, Dorchester. 



I V V 


1 Capital articles gain points 

4 Is opposed to computers (8). 

10 Searched for food for OAPs? 

(7) . 

11 Proclaim the execution of a 
whore (7). 

12 Writer’s city style (10). 

13 Tom did squeak (4). 

15 Confines not more than one 
at a time, we hear (7). 

17 A colleague of old, but hos- 
tile (1). 

19 Stone me! Sister's part god- 
dess (7). 

21 Favours for Highlanders up 
in anger (7). 

23 Poet's bolted, so they say 

24 Production groups have 
empty container (10). 

27 Payment to reverse mine's 
closure (7). 

28 Concoct high class recipe for 
gourmet (7). 

29 Star’s bad vitamin as 
protection against erythema 

( 8 ) . 

30 Not long ago soldiers had 
very little money (6). 


1 “His — s dark as Erebus" 
(Mer. of Vgnice) (9). 

2 Gather for this festival (7). 

3 Garment to pm on after 
dark (5-5). 

5 Thor got so mad at this 
barbarian (9). 

6 Number one in France is 
not a proper example (4). 

7 State train (7). 

8 Found paving block raised 

9 Flower having raised scarlet 
ring (4). 

14 Make specific, as some doc- 
tors do (10). 

16 Poor puss finished bangeg 


18 ’ Finds site disturbed as the 
Pied Piper did (9). 

20 Birdman captures a Wells- 
ian invader (7). 

22 Flower guaranteed for holi- 
day ( 7 ). . 

23 The guiding principle for 
scholars is . . . (5). 

25 . . . it’s always right to sup- 
port a lady (4). 

26 The fourth man was one of 
Siarkadder's lads (4). 

Concise crossword page 13 

Royal engagements 

Princess Anne. CoJoneJ-tn* 
Chief, 14ih/20th King’s Hus- 
sars, visits the regiment ai 
Catierick Garrison. North ! 
Yorkshire, II 

Harp recital by Vanessa 
McKeand. The Forge Garden, 
Kingston Bagpuize. Omt 

Concert by the Dyfed Chou - , 
Si David's Cathedral Dyfed, 

Grove Organ recitalby John 
Belcher. Tewkestary Abbey, 7. 

Organ recital by Andrew 
Shaw. Carlisle Cathedral 12.30. 


Brents and Davingtou Church 
fete. Davington Priory, 
Faversham. 2. 

St Mary's Church rose festi- 
val: exhibition, stalls and 1 
demonstrations. St Mary’s 
Church, Ewelme. Oxfordshire, 
today and tomorrow 2 to 6. 

Milton Keynes Community 
Craft Fair and Fun Days, the 
Courtyard Community Work- 
shop. Parklands, Great Linford, 
Miltou Keynes, today and to- 1 

morrow 12 to 6. 

Wellington Country Fain 
crafts, music, competitions, dis- 

g lay and demonstrations: 

tratfield Saye House. Hamp- 
shire. today and tomorrow 9.15 
to 7. 

Record collectors fair. Poole 
Stadium. Wimbome Rd. Dor- 
set, 10 to 5 

Tomorrow’s events 

Royal engagements . 

Princess Anne attends the 
World Jumping Champion- 
ships. Aachen. West Germany;- 
leaves RAF Learning. 10.45. 

Prince Michael of Kent Pa- 
tron of the Museum of Army 
Flying, attends the Army Air 
Corps Open Day and Inter- 
national Air Show. Middle Wal- 
lop. Hants. 11.30. 

New exhibitions 
Sculpture by Christine Kowal 
Post. Norton Priory Museum. 
Warrington Rd. Ranconr. Sun 
to Thurs 10 to 3.30 (ends July 

Snowflakes in July: commer- 
cial an. holograms and com- 
puter graphics, the Arts Centre. 
Town Hall. Bampton: Tues. 
Thurs to Sat 10.30 to 1 and 2.30 
to 5. Sun 230 to 4.30 lends July 


Concert ‘The Magic o 
Vienna’ by the Bournemouth 

Svmphony Orchestra, the Win- 
ter Gardens. Bournemouth. 8. 

Recital by the Perronet Play- 
ers. Si Botolph's Church. 


Births: Julius Caesar. Rome. 
100BC: Henry David Thoreau. 
writer. Concord. 

Massachusetts. 1817: Sir Wil- 
liam Osier, physician. Bond 
Head. Ontario. 1 849: F E Smith, 
1st Earl of Birkenhead. Lord 
Chancellor, 1919-21 Birken- 
head. Cheshire. 1872: . 


Births: John Clare, poet. 
Hclpstone. Cambridgeshire. 
1 793: Patrice Mac Mahan, mar- 
shal of France and President 
1873-79. Sully. 1808: Sidney 
Webb. 1st Baron PassfieW. 
social reformer. London, t qjv. 

After the long, wet Spring, 
growth of many plants has been 
affected. In north London last 
week we had-a torrential down-* 
pour which laid stems of the 
new. large-flowered double flori- 
bunda roses flat on the ground, 
something that has never hap- 
pened before: We have lilies 
nine feet high and only just in 
bud. So it may be wise to take a 
turn round the garden and if 
necessary give support to plants 
that have grown taller than 
usual. New growths of climbing . 
roses should be lied to a support 
when they are two or three feel 
long. If left they may be broken 
away at the base in a heavy 
storm. If necessary, tie them to a 
cane until they are long enough 
to secure to the wires or mam 

As they say in the army, time 
spent in reconnaissance is never • 
wasted, if only because one can 
assess the urgency of the various 
tasks that need to be done. A 
turn round the garden my save 
hours oftime and much effort. If 
you hoc when there are no 
weeds, there never will be any 

During dry weather weeds on 
lawns seem to grow faster than 
the grass, so treatment with 
selective weedkillers is called for 

Gardens open 

p = Plants for aato 
Cambridgeshire: Fan View. 

Watartwach. 7m N of Cambridge on Eat 
Alt* ama* garden, herbaceous, bog 
garden, raised beds, conifers, heathers, 
vegetables and fruit 2 to 6. 

YwfcsWra: Twelve ‘-hidden" gardens ri 
Great Ousebum. off B6265 between Yorit 
and Borough bndge; one entrance tee 
admits to oft P: IT to 5. 


Somerset The Margery Ftsh Garden. 
East Lambrook Manor, 2m NE of South 
Petherton. oh A303. many unusual and 
now rare plants, trees and shrubs; 9 to 5. 

HanpaMre: Broadband House, Bent- 
ley. 4m NE of Alton, on A31 between 
Famham and Alton: 3X, acres, formal 
plmttsman's garden, herttaceoitt bonlere. 
rose gardens, unusual Shrubs: 2 to 6.30. 

Essex: Twenty gardens « Theydon 
Bote, ranging from small back gardens to 
one over acres: tickets at village hai 
Coppce Raw, £1 admits to al gardens; 
model trains In one garden, water matures 
inb others; 11 to 6. 

Wedding line 

On Monday British Telecom wit opens 
Royal wedding hne on Supernal The 
m^sage. emitted “the Story ottoe Royal 
Wedding. 1 w3 be avaMableon 0698 12 10 
10 and wM be changed dally up to. aid 
including Friday, July 25. 


M d te nd a : Iff: Contraflow north and 
south at junction 20 (Lutterworth), 
Leice s te r s hi re. MSSr Single tens traffic 
and temporary Ights on Bewdtey Rd, 
Kidderminster. M5e Contraflow betwee n 
jutcttors 4 and S (Bromsgrwa and 
Droitwrch), Hereford and Wore. 

Wales and West M4: Exit sliptQed 
eastbound at Junction 24, reduced to 
statee-bne traffic between 6am and 
4.30pm; left-hand lane on roundabout 
closed. A429: Resurfacing between 
CSrencestar and Stow and Northtaach and 
Bounon. A& Traffic Was out of ordar at 
Bethesda, between Bangor and Capel 

Scottamt: MS: Kingston Bridge closures 
fi extra 30am to 4pm. Repass n St Machar 
Drive, Grampian fi Aberdeen, from 8am to 
8pm, tomorrow and Monday. 

Pollen count 

The pollen count for Loudon 
and the South-east issued by the 
Asthma Research Council at (0 
am yesterday was 27 (low). 
Forecast for today, similar. For 
today's recording call British 
Telecom’s Weatherline: 01-246 
8091, which is updated each day i 
at 10.30 am. 


Weak troughs of low. 
pressure will move slowly 
across the British Isles. 

6am to midnight 

temp 14 to 18C (57 to tflFJ. 

Cneonel (stands, SW EngtenR 

Wales, lata of Man, Northern Marat 
Mainly cloudy with occasional -rain or 
drizzle and patches of fog on hflta end 
coasts; wind Bgfrt. variable; max temp 15 
to 18C<61 toWl. 

Outlook tar tomonow and Monday: 
Cortunung unsettled with rain or drizzle at 
times m many areas but also soma aurmy. 
intervals. Temperatures generally near 

SEA PASSAGES: S North Sea, Strait of 
Dover; Wind variable force -3, mainly tefr, 
vfeftjSty maMygood, sea smooth. En- 
gltoh Channel Wind mainly north force 
T-3, occasional rain, vistoiBty moderate 
with fog patches, sea smooth. St 
Georae’s Chamal, Irish See; Wind vari- 
able torce 1-3, occasional drizzle, vMbttty 
moderate with tog patches, sea smooth. 


For readers who may have 
mused a copy of Tie Times this 
week, we repeat below the 
week's Portfolio price changes 
(today's are on page 21). 

w WKtty 

No «*• Tm WsJ r»VT Fri S*l Total 


The pound 

Rates tor smao denomination bank notes 


R*M Price index: 385a 

London: The FT index closed down 3J 
Bt 1337a. 




| EJ ED ED Cl 51 MM 

[inrTi mPl cfie:i| 



lEieaDBEgl M 



iBEamDEsa MW 



plffl EEDini B 


Rules and how to play, page 27 


cloud: f. far; r, 

BeHast c 
B’rmtamm f 
Btockpool s 
Bristol e 
ConJHl c 

Edinburgh | 
Glasgow f 

at midday yesterday: c. 
rain; s. sun. 


1559 Guernsey c 1559 
1864 bweriMaa 5 1355 
1864 Jersey C1681 
1864 London (1966 
1763 Bmcmter flSGC 
1457 Newoestle c 1559 
1763 Rtoldsway ■ c 1558 


London 9.45 pm to 4^8 am 

Bristol 9.54 pm to 4.38 am 
Edfribor^i 10.23 pm to 4.15 am 
M an c h e ste r 1004 pm to 4J6 am 
Penzance 9.59 pm to 4Ji7 am 

London 9.44 pm ro 4^9 am 
Bristol 953 pm to 439 am 
Edinburgh 1032 pm to 4.16 am 
Manchester 10.03 pm to 4.27 am 
Penzance 959 pm to 438 am - 


Ye s terd a y: T< 

Highest and lowest 

Yesterday: Highest day tamp: Nonhalt 
22cf72F) : lowest day max Inverness 
3C«7F) ; highest ratnfaB: Foflcesrone039 
in: highest sunshine: Scaiboroughlz nr. 

Tower Bridge 

Tower Bridge will be raised 
today at 4.30pm and 5pm. 

keep foe at bay 

.It has many politically 
charged names, this wild and 
beautiftd countrj^ide where 
another six men died in a gun 
= battle on the beadi early on 
Thursday morning. The Is- 
raelis refer to it as their 
“security zone.” The more 
moderate local 1 population 
call k. *nhe enclave"- The 
more radical use the emotive 
phrase “Israeli-occupied 
South Lebanon” 

Most of it, in feci, is empty 
and scarcely occupied by 
anyone: It has a population of 
about 140,000 and the Israe- 
lis keep a presence there of 
well under 1,000 men. 

From Israel’s point of view 

further proof of how well fe: 
“security zone" is writing^ 
The army claims that group* 
who try to get .through the" 
filler have increasingly hired 1 
a Lebanese “guide" with 
knowledge of the' local, 
terrain. ■ 

The Israelis, too, ■ hate: 
hired “©tides”, put -them m i 
cast-on uniforms and called 
them the “South Lebawm! 
Army". They have -been, 
equipped: with ■ old Israeli, 
Jeeps; half-tracks and tanks. 

Their headquarters, is m 
Maijayoun in a bul let- 
pocked. ochre^oloured, for- 
mer colonial police station,, 
built round a big courtyard 

this strip, no-more than six or . jammed with grey-painted 
seven miles wide, is a land of ' vehicles and a fine collection 
filter through which any land-: of Mercedes. L . 0 

based attack has to. pass - r n his office on one side of 

ftJikV ^-'4 

Lynx helicopters of the 
Army Air Corps flying in 
preparation yesterday for 
die International Air 
Show at Middle Wallop, 
H am pshire, which starts 

The show will open 
with a massed helicopter 
approach that will include 
80 helicopters, more than 
at any other event in 

Thirteen Spitfires 
which used the airfield 
during the Second World 
War win also take part, 
along with a Lancaster, 
Hurricane, Sea Fury, 
Swordfish, Firefly, and 
for the first time at the 
show, a 1916 Sopwitfa 

Aircraft from France,, 
Denmark, Sweden, Can- 
ada, Holland and West 
Germany will also be 

The show is open to the 
public and will end 

(Photograph: BiD Warhmrst) 

before it reaches a high wire 
fence which snakes along the 
border ffojm Mount Hermon 
to the sea. . 

Katyusha rockets fly over- ■ 
head into the settlements of 
Upper Galilee, but anyone 
who wants to attack Israel in 
person has to And a way 
through this buffer zone. 
Since Israel withdrew the 
bulk of its army from Leba- - 
non just over a year ago, it 
claims the filter has been 100 
per cent successful with 35 
gangs intercepted and anoth- 
er 11. stopped at the fence 
itself. '• '-. .. 

It is this high success rate, 
Israeli ' defence sources.- be- 
lieve, .which persuaded this 
week's group of four would- '. 
be invaders to try. to come in 
at night by sea — despite the 
feet that the little Israeli 
Dabur boats, patrolling the ■ 
coastline have intercepted 31 
freedom' fightet/terrorists on 
board seven different boats. 

The background of the ax 
who died on the beach sums 
up the complexities ' of the 
whole tragic situation. Three 
were Palestinians and ohe a ' 
Lebanese who supported the 
Syrian view that one day 
Israel must cease to exist. 
They killedbefore they died a 
Jew and a-Bedu from a tribe 
that has been roaming the* 
land for at least as long as 
anyone else. The one ’thing 
they all had in common was ' 
their youth. 

The inclusion of the Leba- 
nese is seen in Israel as 

In his office on one side of 
the courtyard is General An- 
toine Lahad, the SLA’s coto- 
mander. He is a dapped little*: 
man, with, wavy, greying hair," 
French manners and ' sadly: 
smiling eyes, who answers 
questions politely but resign-' 
edly. Morale is good. Recruit- 
ment is more than adeqiiateL' 
On the diametrically oppo- 
site corner of the. courtyard is 

Refugees in fear 

the office of Brigadidr Gener- 
al .Danny Rothschild, . the; : 
Israeli liaison officer who is; 
ultimately in command. Tail, 
dark and handsome, be ex- 
udes confidence and profes, 
sidiialism. The. Palestinian 
threat : is V growing. - The : 
Hezbollah-. 'are buying fe4 
entits. But the SLA hoWs foe 
key positions : -. -j 

One of these is north ofth^ 
Li tarn River, below the tow; 
cring site of the ruined Beau- 
fort Castle. There an SLA; 
artillery battery sits on foe' 
steps of what was, once a 
lovely house, waiting; for the 
chance to fire its obsolete; 
guns. Inside, onfhe walL is a | 
shining plaque of the Maddit- 

High .above the house at 
the “front tine" is an SLA 
infentry post, in a little green 
domed Muslim $hrine, : (hi; 
either side of. it are two. did 
Sherman tanks, looking grey 
with age, but ready lo fire. 


m s m 


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in Mu' ■>fil Kill! 

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STOCK Market 

FT 30 Share 

1337.3 (-3.3) 


7626.4 (-0.3) 



USM (Data stream) 

125.32 (+0.53) 


US Dollar 
1.5062 (-0.0108) 

W German mark 

3.2811 (-0.0157) 

I Trade-weighted I 

74.6 (-0.3) | 



Arthur Andersen, the firm 
of. accountants, -yesterday 
withdrew its objections to 
publication of an internal 
Lloyd's report concerning the 
loss-stricken PCW syndicates. 
The ex parte injunction which 
prevented the ruling council 
of Lloyd's from seeing the 
report, was lifted by the High 
, Court. 

. Lloyd'sset up a committee 
last year to inquire into the 
handling of the troubled syn- 
dicates since a new manage- 
ment, Richard Beckett 
Underwriting Agencies, was 
put in at the end of 1982. 

Arthur Andersen, which 
was joint auditor to RBUA 
with Arthur Young in 1982 
and 1983 and became sole 
auditor in 1984, wanted more 
time than the five weeks given 
to ' comment on the 
committee’s report. Some of 
the comments it . made have 
been accepted by the commit- 
tee and incorporated into the 

flm hotel and 
wine bar deal 

Kennedy Brookes, the 
Mario and Franco restaurant | 
group, is paying almost £1 
million for the Kings Arms 
Hotel at Woodstock, near 
Oxford, and Corts Wine Bar. 
close to London’s Oxford 

GT debut 

GT Management, the fund 
management group, is coming 
to- the stock market via an. 
ofler-for-sale of 12.5 million 
shares at 210p each, capitaliz- 
ing the company at £102 

Standard wins 

backing of 
big investors 

By Graham Seaxjeant, F i nancial Editor 

Standard Chartered’s 
chances of escaping the £1.3 
biUion takeover bid from 
Lloyds Bank, improved dra- 
matically yesterday as new 
shareholders from the Far 
East and Australia built up 
holdings of nearly 30 per cent 
in the international banking 
group only hours before the 
offer was due to close. 

But the new shareholders 
are likely to change the devel- 
opment of Standard Chartered 
radically if it remains 

Sir Yue-Kong Pao. one of 
the most powerful financial 
figures in Hong Kong and a 
long-standing customer of 
Standard Chartered, bought a 
further 5 per cent to bring his 
stake to 15 per cent mainly 
through companies in Liberia. 

At the same time, in a burst 
of buying that lifted Standard 
shares 12p to 789p for a short 
time, companies in the Aus- 
tralian Bell Group assembled 
astake that eventually reached 
7.4 per cent 

Bell is the vehicle of Mr 
Robert Holmes & Court the 
Australian financier who has 
initiated or intervened in a 

number of British takeovers. 
Standard Chartered financed 
his takeover attack on Broken 
Hill Proprietary, Australia's 
biggest company. 

The new shareholders had 
offered verbal backing to 
Standard’s chairman. Lord 
Barber,- or the group managing 
director, Mr Michael 
McWllliam, and are assumed 
to back the board's fight for 
independence from Lloyds. 
“We are quietly confident" 
Mr McWilliam said last night 

Lloyds’ offer is not due to 
close until I pm today, and the 
final result may not be an- 
nounced until late in the 
afternoon. But stock market 
dealers now seem convinced 
that the bid will fail. Mr 
McWilliam said he bad re- 

most of which would need to 
accept for Lloyds to win. At 
777p, Standard shares now 
stand £1 lower than the value 
Lloyds puts on its alternative 

Mr McWilliam accepted 
that the new shareholdings 
would present a fresh chal- 
lenge to the board. “You could 

Chairman defends 
SIB running costs 

mutton. The prospectus will 
appear in The Times on 
Monday. Tempos, page 18. 

Stake placed 

Evered Holdings has placed 
the 1 5 per cent stake it built up 
during its £155 million unsuc- 
cessful takeover bid for 
McKechnie Brothers with 

Tempos, page 18 

Offer decision 

;• Windsmoor received appli- 
cations for 16.99 million 
shares under its offer for sale 
of; 6.6 million shares. Appli- 
cants for between 200 and 300 
shares receive full allotments, 
while those for more than 
1.500 get about a third of 
shares sought. 

Reuters buy 

News International has 
bought 2.86 million Reuters 
Holdings ‘B’ shares from the 
Australian Associated Press to 
help cover the sale of Reuters 
shares announced in May by 
News Corporation, the 
group's parent company. 

Tempos 18 TrwWOpB 19 
Cmpny News M (Jolt Trusts 20 
WaB Street 18 Commodities 20 
Cenuaest 19 USM Prices 20 
Stock Market 19 _. 2 J 

Mosey Mrkts 19 Share 
Foreign E*eh 19 Famay Money 22 

Sir. Kenneth Benin, chair- 
man of the Securities and 
Investments Board, yesterday 
hit back at recent criticism 
that the running costs of SIB 
and -the system of self-regula- 
tion set up by the Financial 
Services Bill were too high. 

In one oFhis most aggres- 
sive speeches since becoming 
ZSIB’s chapman. Sir Kenneth 
drew attention- to the far 
higher staff and running costs 
of the Stock Exchange and.the 
American Securities and Ex- 
change Commission (SEC). 

He said there was no evi- 
dence to suggest that a statu- 
tory system along the lines of 
the SEC would be cheaper or 
more efficient. 

Sir Kenneth said at the 
London Business School' “I. 
make no apology for the likely 
overall regulatory cost for the 
industry, including the costs at 
the level of individual busi- 
nesses when the Bill takes full 

Sir Kenneth said that he had 

By Our City Staff 

1, chair- “yet to see any factual basis for 
ies and the assumption that a folly 
esterday statutory commission could 
rriticism somehow be cheaper, clearer 
s of SIB or more effective." 
f-regula- The SEC to which many 
people seem iodised to com- 
high- pare us," employed 2,000 

aggres- people and had costs of more 
* oniJ .“B than Si 00 million a year. It 
also • operated increasingly 
™ through setffegulaiing bodies 
ng costs such as the New. York Stock 
Exchange and, even though its 
geographical reach was greater 
than SIB’s would be, “its 
no product responsibilities are by 

a statu- fer less than will be ours." 

Sir Kenneih pointed out development* Yesterday's 
that the Stock Exchange “re- drop, n Gneycoat s share pnee 

corded administrative and 
property costs of nearly £22 
million in the year to last 
March and had a staff of 1,775 
at the end of the year. 

He added that SIB estimat- 
ed its annual running costs at 
£6 million, and it would have 
a staff of about 100. 

Amendments on way for 
Financial Services Bill 

The Financial Services Bill 
which introduces the system 
of self-regulation for the in- 
vestment industry, remains 
well on target for an October 
Royal Assent following a com- 
fortable passage through the 
House of Lords yesterday. 

At the same time, the 
Government announced a 
number of amendments to be 
brought in at the committee 
stage later this month. The 
commercial dealings of corpo- 
rate treasurers with related 
companies will be excluded 
from the definition of invest- 
ment business in the BiU, 
while a new regime will be 
introduced to the Bill wluch 
recognizes the professional na- 
ture of money market 

One potential dark cloud 

the question of place. 

insider-dealing with a number 
of the Lords expressing dissat- 
isfaction with the existing 
provisions. These are likely to 
be reconsidered at the com- 
mittee stage. 

. The Government is still 
considering representations 
from the International Securi- 
ties Regulatory Organization, 
which wants the Bill to be 
amended to allow price stabi- 
lization of new equity issues. 

This is the technique; com- 
monly used in the Eurobond 
market, whereby issuers of 
securities hold up their price 
for the first few weeks of 
dealing by making competing 
bids for them. 

The indications are that the 
Government is likely to con- 
cede the point, but will impose 
a firm time limit on the period 
in which, stabilization can take 

to 254p from the offer price of 
I50.7p. based on a Greycoat 
price of 274p a share, nar- 
rowed the gap with PHITs 
price rising to 15lp. 

Greycoat is offering 55 of its 
shares for every 100 PHIT 
shares or a cash offer of 250p a 
share. Pearl Assurance, which 
holds 18.8 per cent of PHIT 
has, like PHITs directors, 
rejected Greycoat's offer, de- 
spite the fact that amicable 
talks have been held between 
the two property companies 
for some time. 

PHIT says that an institu- 
tional shareholder should an- 
nounce its intention of voting 
against the Greycoat offer 
soon, putting almost a quarter 
of the shares in PHITs camp. 

Greycoat would not say ifil 
would increase its offer or buy 
shares in the marfceL Both 
sides were hoping for an 
agreed merger but differences 
over asset values and manage- 
ment styles resulted in a 
breakdown of talks. 

Greycoat would benefit 
from a merger by increasing 
its asset base and bringing 
gearing to 30 to 60 per cent 
allowing it to hold 100 per 
cent of its development prof- 
its. PHIT. however, argues 
that its portfolio is superior to 
Greycoat's where the compa- 
ny holds an interest in its 
major schemes and not a 100 
per cent interest 

say we are between the devjl 
and the deep blue sea," be 
said. “They have bought at 
about 800p per share so that 
management is clearly aware 
that it has to perform." 

He said he had spoken to Sir 
Yue-Kong and hoped that he 
would become more closely 
associated with the bank. Sir 
Yue-Kong is likely to be 
invited to join the board. 

The latest supporters are 
likely to have been impressed 
by Standard Chartered’s de- 
fence document which indi- 
cated that the group could be 
worth about 940p a share if 
operations in California and 
South Africa, the head office 
and some other subsidiaries 
were sold off. 

“There will have to be a new 

ceived support from some of postwar agenda if the bid fails 
the institutional shareholders, and we are going to have to 

rethink a number of our 
policies." Mr McWilliam ac- 
cepted last night 

More component parts of 
the group are likely to be 
separated into different banks 
with local shareholders and 
separate stock market quota- 
tions to effect mergers or raise 

£1 19m bid 

By Judith Huntley 
Commercial Property 

Greycoat Groupis making a 
contested £119.6 million md 
for Property Holding and 
Investment Trust Greycoat, 
with a £350 million develop- 
ment programme heavily 
weighted to central London 
developments, is trading at a 
premium to net asset value. 

Its bid was based on a 5.3 j 
per cent discount to PHITs 
latest net asset value of 1 58p a 
share, on a dean portfolio 
showing PHIT virtually 100 
per cent of the interest in its 

Michael McWBliam: quietly confident of victory last right 

Chunnel share sale delayed 

Eurotunnel the Anglo- 
French consortium chosen to 
build the Channel tunnel, 
confirmed yesterday that a 
£200 million private share 
placing for the project had 
been delayed until after the 
summer because the group's 
bankers require further infor- 
mation on the construction 

Eurotunnel's chairman. 
Lord Pennock. said the issue 
prospectus, originally planned 
for this month, would not be 
published until “after the 
holidays", although he would 
not be drawn on a more precise 
date. . 

‘ In the meantime the original 
partners in the consortium, 
who have so far provided £28 
mi] Lion equity, w31 continue to 
fond the project through loans. 

Lord Pennock said the 38 
banks providing more than £5 

By Richard Lander 

bSlion of loan finance were project and said it would not 
seeking clarification of certain affect next year's £800 million 
technical aspects in the tunnel . public equity issue. 

construction contract 
The contract is 

He also announced that six 
independent directors would 

ready, as are agreements cov- be pining the 12-member 
eriog the loan arrangements Eurotunnel board to replace 

and tariffs for French and 
British trains using the tunnel. 

“Because of the wide inter- 
national implications we were 

directors nominated by con- 
sortium members. 

The new directors include 
M Andre Bernard, a former 

advised by our merchant hank- managing director of Royal 
ers and brokers that we should Dutch Shell, Sir Alistair 
not issue the prospectus until' Frame, chairman of RTZ, and 
we have everything tidily in Sir Nicholas Henderson, the 
place on these issues," be said, former Ambassador to Peris 
British and French institn- and Washington who chaired 

place on these issues," be said, former Ambassador to Paris 
British and French institn- and Washington who chaired 
turns are each being offered 35 the Channel Tonne! Group, 
per cent of the placing with the original British promoter 
tranches of £20 million re- of the Eurotunnel scheme, 
served for investors in Japan, Mr Michael J alien, group 
America and the rest of- Ea- finance director of Midland 
rope. • -■ - Bank, is joining EurotmmeLas 

Lord Pennock described the an executive director, while 
delay as “of little significance" two French noD-execntives are 
given the timescale of die to be named soon. 

Society receipts at two-year low 

Building societies main- 
tained record lending levels 
last month but net retail 
receipts were at their lowest 
since August 1984. according 
to figures released by foe 
Building Societies Association 

Mr Richard Weir, secretary 
general of the BSA, said that 

much of the decline since 
May, but societies have also 
faced strong competition in 
the savings market." he said. 

The flotation of Thames TV 
and the reduction of building 
society interest rales at the 
beginning of June contributed 
lo- the decline. Some societies 

the net receipts from savers of announced increases in their 

only £177 million were 

“Seasonal factors such as 
holiday expenditure explain 

Bunzl buys six 

Bunzl the acquisition- 
hungry paper distributor, yes- 
terday announced it bad 
bought no fewer than six 
private companies spread | 
over three continents. 

The purchases will cost 
Bunzl an initial £12.3 million 
cash with further cash pay- 
ments of up to £13.2 million 
depending on profits. 

The latest deals mean that 
-Bunzl will have bought 14 
companies worth almost £200 
million in 10 months, includ- 
ing three publicly quoted 
groups. The biggest acquisi- 
tion revealed yesterday was 
GB Goldman, a Philadelphia 
paper and board group. 

At home. Bunzl's Filtrona 
division is buying Seosonics, 
an instrument maker based in 
Cbesham, Buckinghamshire. 

rates this week in an effort to 
beat off competition from the 
clearing banks’ high interest 
accounts and improved sales 

of National Savings 

The societies* gross ad- 
vances of £3.3 billion and 
mortgage commitments of 
£3.8 billion comfortably out- 
stripped previous records set 
in May. 

The lending has, however, 
been at the expense of 
societies* liquidity ratios — the 
percentage of their assets kept 
in liquid form. At 16.6 per 
cent last month the ratio was 
at its lowest for 12 years. 

to 8% 

From Bailey Morris 

US banks cut their prime 
rates yesterday after the Feder- 
al Reserve Board derided on 
Thursday to lower the dis- 
count rate by halfa point to 6 

Chemical Bank of New 
York was the -first big money 
centre hank to cm its prime 
lending rate to S per cent from 
S.5 per cent. 

Analysis said, however, 
that, considering the weak rate 
of US economic growth — 
estimated at 2 per cent in the 
second quarter — there may be 
one and perhaps two more 
half-point cuts in the discount 
rate in the three months 
leading up to the raid-term 

“The Administration is 
putting intense pressure on the 
Fed to stimulate the econo- 
my," a White House official 

The Fed cut is expected to 
pui pressure on Japan and 
West Germany to join the 
move toward lower rates. 

The Fed, citing its concern 
over the sluggish American 
economy, acted alone to cut 
rates to their lowest level in 
almost nine years. The action 
was approved unanimously in 
the belief that it would not 
only stimulate growth but also 
force other industrialized na- 
tions to follow suit, officials 

At the same time, however, 
some officials continued to 
express strong concern that 
unilateral action to lower rates 
would undermine the dollar 
which has fallen dramatically 
in recent weeks. This was the 
reason the Fed derided to 
move cautiously, lowering the 
discount rate by only one-half 
point rather than the full point 
many analysts had expected. 

The Administration gave a 
warning this week that it was 
tired of waiting for Japan and 
West Germany to take action 
to stimulate growth in their 
economies in the spirit of the 
Plaza Accord negotiated by 
the Group of Five nations last 
September. ■ 

The Fed, which met private- 
ly for two days this week to set 
US monetary policy for the 
rest of the year, apparently 
agreed that further action was 

“A consensus has emerged 
that we can force the Japanese 
and the West Germans to lake 
action. The point was made 
that their trade flows will 
suffer if their currencies rise 
markedly against the dollar 
which is likely to happen if 
they keep their rales up," 
Administration officials said. 

Mr Paul Volcker, the Fed 
chairman, may provide clues 
to the central bank's thinking 
when he goes lo Capitol Hifi 
on July 23 to give a mid-year 
review of monetary policy. 




17670.77 (+200.95) 
tKSSmf . ... 1721-691+339) 


KSSLmk ...... 1834.6 (+24-3) 

Zorich: n /a 

SKA General ... 

London cteshifl prices W 27 


aK: Ctmpuws 270p j+30p) 

Iged internatio nal i jggg +jjjg 
tonSJJuSamvM' «5p W7p 


Keep, your money in cash, 
says Wall Street guru 

“The market stifi has a long 
tray to go down for several 
months," Mr John 
Meadelson, foe Wall Street 
guru, said yesterday. It was 
Mr Mendelson who, after 

By Lawrence Lever 
grew over foe past two years. 
“I would put foe chances at 
55/45 in favour of a third leg, 
but those are not good odds for 
me. We have no intention of 

betting the farm on this 

being consistently bullish for prospect." 

two years, switched his tune on One theory about gurus is 



Bank Base: 10%^ « 

cisfcroup 72P JgP 

TTwn EMI - 1 ® 

970p -30pj 

SSfc $5 33 

, 70Cp -18p) 
.. 254p (-18pj 


buying rate 




£ $1.5025 

IS *3538. 





ssss"^** 1 *** 

Monday, thereby triggering 
this week’s steep decline oa 
Wall Street 

Mr Mendelson is not how- 
ever, forecasting another Wall 
Street crash of . the 1929 
variety, rather he sees a 20 per 
cent correction, and is advising 
bis clients to act accordingly. 

“All groups previously list- 
ed are recommended for sale," 
be says, potting cash at foe top 
of the list as the most attrac- 
tive home for investors' mon- 
ey. After that he recommends 
selected energy, telephone and 
electric utilities stocks as foe 
next safest haven. 

He has not ruled out the 
possibility of foe bell market 
oa Wall Street developing a 
third leg to add to the two it 

that once they develop a strong 
enough following their predic- 
tions become srif-fidfilfing 
prohedes sending markets op 
or down- 

“If 1 had said nothing the 
market would have gone down 
anyway but perhaps not as 
immediately,*' Mr Mendelson 
says in response. 1 

He describes himself as a 
“technical market analyst for 
institutional investors," He 
ran his own research boutique 
for six years until the introduc- 
tion of negotiated commissions 
in America on May L, 1975 
saw his revenue cut in half 
overnight and forced him to 
seek new pastures. 

• He now works for Dean 
Witter Reynolds, foe US bro- 

ker, where for tire past two 
years he has been extremely 
bullish about the market 
Nothing much happened for 
the first two months, id fact 
the Dow Jones industrial aver- 
age dropped 50 points, al- 
though Mr Mendelson says 
this gave clients an opportuni- 
ty to buy before the rise which | 
materiafized. i 

Last Monday, in a manner ! 
reminiscent of a teacher an - 1 
Honoring one morning an no- ! 
expected change in the 
curriculum, he wrote in his 
Technical Market Column: 
“Today we should like to 
change our view of foe stock 
market as we think the second 
leg of foe bull market is 
approaching its end." 

He says that those who read 
between foe lines of his weekly 
analysis would have seen a 
slight shadow moving over the 
bright outlook be Sad been 
consistently predicting for foe 
past two years, so foe change 
was not totally unexpected. 






for ail seasons. 

Sound companies often fall temporarily 
out of favour, lb invest in these companies 
when their share price is depressed is to gain 
the chance of significant capital growth. 

Regardless of the prevailing stockmarket 
conditions, these opportunities can occur 

The Oppenheimer 
Worldwide Recovery Trust 

gives Financial Advisers a mana ged fund that 
seeks capital growth by investing around the 
world in selected companies with recovery 
potential Your clients therefore get a spread 
of international investments to minimise 

Like all unit trusts, investment should 
be considered for the medium to long-term. 

The fund is managed by the team res- 
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European Growth* and our notable Inter- 
national Growth Trust 

To get a copy of our 
Brochure 6 A Fund For all * 

Seasons’ call 01-489 1078 or 
write to us at 66 Cannon 
Street London EC4N 6AE. 

A member company of the Mercantte House Grout). 




New York (Renter) — Wall 
Street stocks were mixed in 
early trading yesterday after 
Thursday bight's long-antici- 
pated discount rate cot 
Blue chips tended to drop 

while most stocks were 

BCA scraps £50m US sale 


By Cliff FeJtfeam 

The Dow Jones industrial JjjV ■ 
average was down 351 points Mr M 

at 1J2&32. 

head of the British Car Auc- 
tion Group, has scrapped 
plans to sell his American 
auction business for £50 

He intended to sell bis 73 
per cent holding in Sandgste, 
the investment vehicle for his 
12 auction sites, to Cox Enter- 
prises. before the end of this 
month, which is when BCA 
roles fts books off for the year. 

Mr John Felthaim. deputy 
chairman of BCA^ said last 
night: “The deal was originally 
struck in April and since then 
it has been drifting on. So we 
started to take another look at 
the business and realized it 

was doing pretty good. We 
offered to renegotiate the price 
but they did not want to, so we 
slopped it.** 

Mr Fellham said that BCA 
would consolidate the 
businesss. “We have been 
very pleased.with the way it 
has been performing during 
the second half of the year.” 

BCA stood to pick up a 
profit of about £1 5 million, by 
the sale of the auction sites 
which, despite receiving con- 
siderable management time, 
have not achieved the results 
expected, mainly because of 
the difficult market rather 
than anything fundamentally 
wrong with the business. 

Profits this year are expect- 
ed to show a considerable 

improvement on the £2.2 
million last time, after the 
marked improvement in 

BCA is planning to buy the 
27 per cent not already owned 
at a cost of about £13 million. 

Cancellation of the deal 
surprised the company’s stock 
market followers. One analyst 
said : “It means that the 
company will have a lot less 
cash to use on expanding its 
business in the UK. 

“it also indicates that the 
chairman has not been as 
derisive about matters as he 
might have been. Neverthe- 
less, the company will look a 
lot cleaner once it has taken 
complete control of the US 

Investors wake up to 
TV-am’s potential 


! NATIONAL: Year to March 
.31, 1986. Total dividend 2.18p 
(lJ5p). Turnover £15.92 mil- 
lion (£14.16 million). Pretax 
profit £1.51 million (£1.23 mil- 
lion). Earnings per share 10.26p 

INGS): Total dividend 9-25p 
(7.75p) for the year to March 31, 
1986. Turnover £43.66 million 
(£2&5 million). Pretax profit 
£1.08 mi llion ( £654,000). 

year to March 31, 1986. Interim 
dividend 0.47 p (0.41 p). Rental 
income £378.561 (£218^09). 
Pretax profit £84,519 

(£503.530). Earnings per share 
• Atkins’ brothers (Ho- 

siery): The annual meeting 
was tola that trading in the first 
two months of the current year 
had started well and the order 
books in both the textile and 
electronic businesses indicate a 
busy autumn. Throgmorton 
Trust and New Throgmorton 
Trust already shareholders, 
now jointly hold just over 20 per 

million). Earnings per share 
20.8p08.6pX. • 


NATIONAL: Six months to 
June 30. 1986. Sales £390.09 
million (£254.54 million), 
against $105.19 million. Pretax 
income $1 14.47 million (£74.69 
million), against £23.31 million. 
Reebok is an associate of Pent- 
land Industries. 

Year to March 31, 1986. Total 
dividend 6p (Sp). The board 
expects to be able to maintain 
the 1986-87 dividend at 6p. 
Turnover £16.07 million 
(£13.15 milHooX Pretax profit 
£623,500 (£268,000). Earnings 
per share 15.0Sp (6.01 p). 

INGS: Gross premiums: general 

£45.77 million (£44.06 million) 
and life £10.97 million (£10.89 
millionX Net premiums: general 

£30.72 million (£29.5 million) 
and fife £10.86 million (£10.76 

cent of Atkins’ equity. 

ING: Total dividend 0.9 Ip 
(same) for the year to March 31, 
1986. Turnover £3.72 million 
(£3.52 millionX Pretax profit 
£37.433 (£7X662). Earnings per 
share 0JL3p(0.66pX 

The company has purchased 76 
Cannon Street, London, to cany 
out a new office development 
next to Cannon Street Station.. 
The vendor was Cariess Invest- 
ments, a subsidiary of Carless, 
Cape! and Leonard. The site will 
be held on a 150-year lease from 
London Regional Transport. 

ERAL TRUST: Six months to 
March 31, 1986. Interim divi- 
dend 16p (15.5pX payable on 
Aug. 27. Net profit, including 
the proportion of the profits of 

Ratcliffe in BBA deal 

S Ratcliffe is to buy Auto- 
motive Products' springs divi- 
sion from BBA Group and to 
make a rights issue. Agree- 
ment in principle has been 
reached for Ratdiffe to issue 
1.24 million shares to BBA. 

BBA will receive £80,000 of 
8 per cent unsecured loan 
stock 1992/96 and will sub- 
scribe at par for £170,000 of 
the stock, convertible into 
Ratcliffe ordinary shares at 
, 300p a share between 1988-92. 

The springs division had 
net assets of approx £500,000 

on December 31 and attribut- 
able pretax net profits for T985 
of about £150,000. On com- 
pletion. and following a one- 
for-one rights issue, BBA will 
hold 29.9 per cent of 
Ralriifle’s enlarged share 

Becaiise of the size of the 
acquisition, the directors have 
.requested the Stock Exchange 
to suspend Ratcliffe's listing. 
Once Ratdiffe shareholders 
have received full particulars 
of the transaction and pro- 
posed rights issue, the listing is 
expected to be restored. 

the related company. Associated 
Newspapers Holdings, £6.59 
million (£538 million), of which 
£2.09 million (£1.87 million} is 
attributable to DM and GT. Net 
revenue from investments, 
other than Associated News- 
papers. £1.09 million (£1.03 

and fife £10.86 million (£10.76 
millionX Pretax profit £2.43 
million (£1.5 millionX 

March 31, 1986. Turnover 
£93.000 (£135.000X Pretax loss 
£459,000 (loss £1.1 millionX 
Loss per share 3p (6. 7p). 

• GRA GROUP: Half-year to 
April 30. 1986. Turnover £5.12 
million (£4.19 million). Pretax 
profit £548,000 (£54,000). Earn- 
ings per share: before extraor- 
dinary items, 0.79p (0.06p) and 
after, 1.66p (034p). No interim 
dividend. The board will con- 
sider the payment of a final. No 
dividend was paid for 1 984-85. 

TRUST: Half-year to June 30, 
1986. Interim dividend. 0.65p 
(0.6p), payable Aug. IS. Net 
pretax revenue £1.4 million 
(£1.35 million). Earnings per 
share 1.85p (1.69p). 

ell Cons (Engineering) has 
bought Wharton and Wucocks 
to augment its production 
equipment division. This ac- 
quisition, though small in finan- 
cial terms, brings into Mitchell 
Cotts the only British manufac- 
turer of modular work holding 
systems and complements the 
manufacture of standard parts 
by WDS Tooling Aids. 

James Russell 

Hopkinsons Holdings: Mr 
James Russel) becomes group 
managing director from Sep- 
tember 1. 

Charterhall: Mr RnsseU 
Goward joins the board as 
managing director. 

British Coal; Mr John 
Nettieton becomes marketing 
director, London and South- 
ern safes region. 

Walker QMS: Mr Robert 
Walker has been appointed 
managing director. 

Foid (UK* Mr John 
Hoag ham is to be director, 
personnel from August 1. 

Seam less Tubes; Mr Norman 
Price becomes managing di- 

Investment Property Data- 
bank: Mr Richard Smith has 
been appointed a non execu- 
tive director 

Mercedes-Benz (UK): Sir 
Christophor Laidlaw joins the 
board as non executive mem- 

The stage for TV-am’s debut 
on the Unlisted Securities 
Market has been set in style 
by Thames TV. Investors 
who have already made mon- 
ey on Thames will doubtless 
be rushing for shares. They 
should not be disappointed. 

TV-am is not raising any 
money for itself; as more than 
90 per cent of the shares are 
being sold by United News- 
papers. The rating has been 
pitched at a price which gives 
United a near £10 million 
profit on its investment after 
three years, yet allows for a 
healthy premium when deal- . 
mgs start 

The prospective p/e ratio, 
assuming forecast profits of 
£73 million and 35 per cent 
tax, is 8.7. However, accumu- 
lated tax losses mean actual 
tax. will be around 10 per 
cent, added to which the City 
expects the company to make 
at least £8 million profits. 

The prospective p/e then 
comes down to not much 
more than 5, compared with 
a prospective p/e for Thames 
of just under 9. 

There are important differ- 
ences between TV-am and 
Thames. TV-am’s franchise 
expires in 1991, three years 
later than Thames’s. Its ap- 
peal to advertisers comes 
from its national coverage 
and high proport i on of young 
housewife viewers. Food and 
consumer products advertis- 
ers can catch young mothers 
before they go out shopping. 

the 1 30p offer price is expecl- 
g when dealing starts on July 

Evered Holdings 

The 'Abdullah brothers who 
run Evened are fist movers. It 
took them just four days to 
place their 15.1 per cent stake 
in McKechnie Brothers after 
the failure of their bid on 
. Monday. 

. If Evered could place its 
stake- in TI as quickly the 
stock market might take a 
kinder view of the company. 
In recent months its share 
price has been dogged -by 
uncertainty over its inten- 
tions towards TL But Evered 
has made a paper profit of 
mote than £16 million 
on its investment 
Since launching the bid for 
McKechnie, Evered’s share 
price has fallen from 336p to 
240p yesterday. While inves- 
tors may be disappointed at 
the bid’s failure, the extent of 
the fill is difficult to explain. 

The profit on the holding 
m TI is worth 40p a share. 
Stripping this out from the 
market price leaves the shares 
trading on less than 10 times 
prospective earnings, assum- 
ing profits rise from £7.87 
million to £10.5 million be- 
fore tax this year and the tax 
charge remains low. ' 

The shares are unlikely to 
remain depressed for long. 

Navy is sailing close by, 
having acquired nearly 21 per' ! 
cent of Berry Trust This has 
given rise to speculative 
hopes of the Merchant Navy 
becoming a long-term invest 
tor in GT. The Merchant 
Navy (s clearly confident 
about the growth prospects of 
fond management groups. 

GTs funds under manage: 
have crown from £821 

GT Management 

Dacia Concessionaires: Mr 
Peter Dkken becomes manag- 
ing director and Mr Peter 
Payne and Mr James Asprey 
deputy managing directors. 

Peat Marwick: Mr Mike 
RusseJL Mr Mike Stevens, Mr 
PxhI Marriott, Mr Brian May, 
Mr James Conway, Mr Peter 
Gale have been made 

TV-am is the only indepen- 
dent television contractor to 
allow advertisers to book 
campaigns well in advance 
through its policy of non pre- 
emption.' It is also the only 
one with controllable costs, 
as its coverage is live and it 
does not make blockbusters 
for future viewing. Unlike 
Thames, it will not be caught 
by the exchequer levy on 
overseas sales, as it has none. 

The ratings war with the 
BBC is being won hands 
down by TV-am with 62 per 
cent of the viewers. There 
seems little prospect of push- 
ing up this share by a 
significant margin, although 
the overall market is still 
growing. Prospects for in- 
creasing profits through 
charging higher advertising 
rates also look good. 

A healthy premium over 

Every doud is meant to have; 
a silver lining For GT Man.-' 
agement, which is joining the 
stock market via an offer for 
sale, the cloud is United 
Kingdom Provident Institu- 
tion, whose troubles were the 
trigger for the share sale; the 
silver lining .could be the 
Merchant Navy’s pension 

UKPI owns 5.2 per cent of 
GT directly. In addition, it 
has a 29 per cent 
shareholding in Berry Trust, 
which is selling 6,4 million- 
shares in GT as part of the 
flotation, and retaining 5.6 
million shares. It is widely 
assumed that the stakes 
beonging to both UKPI and 
Beny Trust, together ac- 
counting for 16.9 per cent of 
the enlarged share capital, 
will change hands in' the near 

At first right this uncertain- 

mem have grown from £821 
million in 1982 to £3.4 billion 
on March 31, 1986. Over the ‘ 
same ' period profits have 
grown even fesier — from 
£1.38 million to £7.03 million 
before tax — to . the point 
where they account for 2.09 
per cent of funds under 
management • j; 

Throughout that period 
GT has benefited from rising 
stock markets worldwide. 

. While the risk of world-., 
wide; bear markets Is nit> 
doubted, the effect would be 
restricted by the underlying 
growth in funds managed by 
independents such as GT In , 
particular, GT is hopeful of 
natioual base. 

Baring Brothers and 
Cazenove, the advisers, have 
clearly had : to balance, the 
attractions of the internation- 
al spread against other fac- 
tors. In particular, they will 
have taken info account the 
low proportion. of unit trust 
business, which accounts- for 
15 . per cent of fluids under 
management Unit trusts are - 
more profitable than pension 
fond management,, and so 
their management tends to be 
higher rated. 

The balancing act has been 
performed with great accura- 
cy. GT is coming to the 
market on a historic multiple 
of 17.6 times earnings, dilut- 
ed for share options — exactly 
the same multiple accorded 
to Henderson Administra- 
tion — which has less interna- 
tional business but -more unit 

But there is a cautionary 
note. Unlike Henderson, GT 
suffered from, a' net loss of 
funds last year, so that the 
reported 19 per cent increase 
in binds under management 

simply reflected the excellent 
performance of stock markets 

This may not Have worried 
the Merchant Navy. But oth- 
er investors might be reluc- 
tant -to buy shares so long as 
GT is losing funds. 

S r would seem to damage the 
oiation. But the Merchant 


Bd oner Chop 

Bd Ollar Chng VM 

BU Ollar Qng YU 

Bid Ohr Chng Yld 

Bid Ollar Chng 

Nm Technology 

1189 125.1 +02 
1504 1503 -OS 


P Bar 51122 
E*rty Grarti 




Mfland 6k UT 
MXfland BKW 


17X7 1818 
125.0 131.8 
1373 1408 
I1U 12X8 
1881 1900 141.7 
182.4 1920 
2035 21*5 

Uta Money tain 1728 1818 
UN Mr Trust Aeon 383.7 4038 
Ufa Ml Aeon 3315 3*13 
ilia Won Me Acorn 3*04 3583 
Ula Property Accum 1858 1958 
Cro*n B«MA 4308 
Brawn B»av 4488 4725 
D8S Managsd 1815 1918 
Grow* Accum 179.1 1885 

Bta Road, rnntamm n. Gtnucamar 0153 7U3 
02*2 S2i 311 

Secure Find * 1007 1085 401 .. 

B*u« Chip Fund 1201 1285 -15 .. 

Adnwraraa Rnd 1315 1385 404 .. 

Performance Find 1365 1448 401 .. 

i.a^cway. wan** 

Buta Uma 


1 Ttnudnmda SL London 2C2 
01-588 1212 



: ^ 

Eafa/MKawid Units 1585 18*8 

>' i v 


Amar sham H oad. Wycombe 

UK Ba*ea Fund 4285' 
wtfwf income find *067 
Prataly Fund 259* 
Furao MM Find 237.8 
Sea Fd 1088 
Old Dapcwf Fund 1725 
NOi Amnia Rod 2418 
Far Cast Fund 2**A 
Em cm find T993 
intwT um u Fund 2655 
MfcMFuna 334.4 ; 

Houm. 500. A 
W*xn Kajrws 

n uo u a- PBO W p e wr 

Panam Ena OmMng RH* 1QA 

UteCMh Aeswl 1102 122* 
UK Bq Acam 177.4 1865 

SMWatUWp ACBMI 163-1 171.7 
Ute fixed IN Aceum 1301 1375 
LM-IndKirkd ACC 1008 1062 
LM-UnMAccun 1528 1509 
LdeOsMSEoACC 158.116** 
Ld* Property Aeon* 1345 1*20 

Imuenai Ke House. Lontton Hoad. Gufidod 
0483 571255 

Srowvi Find |4) 2555 2788 -35 

Unit bnkad Man 2*0.0 2526 -2.7 

Ur« LMUd FbBd im 21&7 2308 -10 

Urn UTMd Sec Cap i860 17«.7 *04 

Unit Linked Eq Fd 569.1 599.1 -62 

UM Inked Prop fit 1735 1828 401 


16 finsOury CMcua. London EC2M 

01-628 81 Jl 

GT Plan Bond find 1720 Tfl.l 

GT Ran TWO 1839 133.5 
GT Pan Far E« 1B01 1806 

GT Plan Norm Anar 1529 V61 0 
GT AVI UK S GE 2*55 2589 
GT Ran WarUMda 2653 2793 


20|2* U59C0MI Road. Croydon CHS SBS 

01-666 0*1 T 

MjnoQM 1135 1195 *0.4 . 

LK Equty 1306 1375 -02 . 

FMd HI 115 9 1220 -15 . 

lrdB*-|jiWd 997 10* 9 -0.4 . 

CMl Deport 10*1 109 6 401 . 

10*9 1104 *02 . 

mssnuom 989 10*1 *05 . 

American 93 0 98 5 -18 . 

Japan 12*1 1305 *40 . 

Japan Sfflfc Co's 130 8 137.7 *28 . 

Beopean 985 104.1 *12 . 

Managed find 35*.7 3734 

Property find 252.1 265 * 

Canty Fond 3855 *055 

G*1 EstjaO find 3*92 3875 

Dspoat Find 187.1 1969 

Ir m a a tmant Find 1627 1708 

IrnanMonal Fund 3365 3572 

Pootoao fo Ace *079 

Da in* 3010 

Do h» a 
UK &pny 

SSr W 

can Pius 
Do 88 

FnWd im tap 
Inter Sian 

*07 9 


4078 *294 
1956 2091 
139^4 1465 
1150 1212 
1213 1283 
1132 1193 
1099 1156 
1623 1705 
14*3 1515 


2-6 Pnnee o* vfties Road. Bownemnah 
0202 762122 

MSnagea Bend 4139 *360 -89 

Money find 1826 1922 *03 

Ecuty Find 3475 3663 -103 

Fiua interest find 1480 1S6O -03 

Property Fund 2099 d 2 

Gresnain Franangion 

Amsnean 6 General 2873 3133 
neons 0509 368 6 

WB M K re i Gnwn 3020 3102 
Casual Fund 3687 *099 
Recovery find 244 B 257.7 
Japan 6 General i*36 1513 

Rovai Echarca London ECS 
01-283 7101 

150 Bf Mpqu i SL Gtagov 
0*T-®«8 2323 

E «ta 3033 3183 

Rxad nearest 1833 2335. 
marom o n al 222*. 23*2 

Property 1288 1355 

CW1 1349 1419 

Managed 2365 249A 


S^Arataw Sq, BWhurgh BC 

Fhed mnratt 
UK Eonty 



1888 1059 
969 1020 
105.4 111.1 
128* 1352 
1228 128.1 
135.7 1425 
1189 1243 
16*3 1733 
1402 147.7 
1399 1474 
1203 1268 
1195 1284 


|| Jl ■ 



[ H 


Ass Prop Bo 


[to Acetai 
Eaaty UM 
Do Accum 
Fixed Ini BOON 
(to Acorn 
tw antal 
Do Acnm 
Do Aecun 
Psotc indai 
Do Aeon* 
Proterty ted 
Do ACOta 

373.7 JOSS 
3250 3*00 
3813 4013 
4392 4S15 
5088 5333 
2383 2$1j 
2823 297.4 
3*83 3688 
4112 4328 
1302 137.1 
1399 1473 
3X0 210£ 
2128 22*0 
1354 1*25 
15SJ 1881 

Indexed Sock 

HtxLnMd MW 1012 1086 
Do Aea«n 1087 1145 

Deem inraN 137.0 1443 
Do Acdtai . 181.7 1702 


Crown HOUH. «Mhtog 0U21 ,xw 


Ue Managed An 3T7.6 g*3 -M 

Ida fiwdlnt Accum 

Etm Atom 3778 3978 -» 


2b. FesBunf Stpare. London EC2A IDA 
01-438 5757 

Hgh nccne Fwd 2615 2740 -75 

Gn Esgeo Fund 94.4 987 ^8 

CiMMGRiwin Inc 2*45 2585 -3.1 

Tachnoww Firt 180.1 180 1 -58 

Nnnel BescucM 1073 1133 +03 

SpesM 5Baun* .2703 2852 -?4 

Nonn America find S**.i 257.7 -108 

Far Eta Find 308 1 3252 +37 

uanapo Find .2832 3053 -S3 

Wrtstode Parti. Exetv EX9 IDS 
0392 52155 

Uirf Trust Cre 387 1 

Do Accun 4569 

Pioptrty Cap 1233 

Do Acorn 1*3 7 

fixed Merest Cap 156.6 

Do Aeaun 1B09 

Eaaly Cap 203.6 

Do Accum £371 

Irwnuoonsi Cap 1750 

Do Acnm 2033 

Wd Deposd Cas i«63 

Do Acun 1589 

Rax** Cap 2618 

Do Accum * 283.7 

Mcrevrashar find 231-B 

Cspral Gram* find 7188 

C9*' e 

5^. 5 - 

tr' M * »ji-- ' 

iff# 1 l-A" 







u.-k ■: 

■'* «_ . 

h* . . 

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• •• ” * 1 jT :. 

_ ■ r*.. 






{i’ • - 

*■-- *; 


r !■ 

Mi . 1 

■->- • •' 

Government stocks slide despite 
fall in inflation to 2.5 per cent 

, b “P lsh news on first few hours trading last 
InfiaSSi 5SL J 10 ” 1 showil ! E served only to unsettle 
• *> 5 S? J2T' nw i? ° nly i nv estors. As a result, the FT 
biLSe m rr y ^ ar 10 ^dexofJO shares finished 3.3 
E£«5!i fe * n, o govern- down at 1.337.3. This is a fell 
Pri^5?rtfJ?? lerday ^ «. on the account of 1 7.1. But as 

thHlSrfr!!! ? e ^“Ser end of dealers left for home last night 

Ss ^ki , ^ ft depressedl ? y Wlh 1116 ntaricet’s perfor- 
uus weeks money supply mance overall. 

vakienf«riArr C S ^*®P fell * n the The broader-based FT-SE 
^^m|onU, e fore,g„ lM.en«led 0.3 lower at 

Among the leaders. Bee- 

By Michael Clark 


A. FT30 







ifwn . 

June 27 v July j 

Shares of waiiam Boulton 
Group; the loss-nuddng engi- 
neer, are now ata peak of 
21p amid increased specula- 
tion that a bid may be on U1V UJ _, BU1 

^ * pos- broker, was rumoured to have 
’ substantially upgraded its 

profits forecast for the current 

ties to attract support. This 

shed ip to 293p after recent th^t Standard is likely to 
profit news, while PWS Inter- escape from the clutches of 
national lost Sp to 31 3p, Lloyds, although Standard's 
Sedgwick Sp to 33 Op and share price is now 65p below 
Stewart Wrightson 3p to the final offer. 

4ivp. The support for newcomer 

The big four clearing banks Morgan Grenfell proved 
ran out of steam after short-lived. The shares, hav- 
Thursday's strong petfor- ing opened another Ip firmer 
mance. Barclays, 529p. Mid- at 48 Ip. met profit-taking and 
land, 54 9p and National closed 4p down on the day at 
Westminster, 5 1 9p, were all 476p. That compares with last 
unchanged ahead of the inter- week’s striking price of 50Gp. 
im reporting season which 

cham stood out with a lead of wcc £’ s fell in the value of slaris j aler month. Lloyds Interim figures from the 

P at 43Sp following a number sterling should help to boost 
f seminars with American earnings for those companies 

with interests in the US. 


of seminars with American 
investment houses this week 
in the US. James Capel. the 

sibie reverse takeover 
which could be worth 32p a 
share and value the group 
at £1 3.2 million. Cookson 
Group is thought to have a 
stake in Boulton, which in the 
past five years has docked 
up losses of £55 million. 

■ Prices recovered from a 
hesitant start with Royal In- 
surance hardening l Op to 
862p, General Accident 5p to 

year, but was unavailable for 862p. Guardian Royal Ex- 

Bank firmed 3p to 422p with 
its battle for control of rival 
Standard Chartered, un- 
changed at 777p, likely to be 
close run. 

Yesterday, Mr Robert 
Holmes a Court, the Auslra- 

takeover favourite Birmld 
Qua! cast, showing pretax 
profits up from £3.68 million 
to £6.14 million, were well 
received. Albert E Sharp, the 
broker, has increased its 
forecast for the full year to 

comment yesterday. 
Marketmen are still looking 

change 2p to 909p. Commer- 
cial Union Ip to 31 8p and Sun 

for a possible merger, or link- Alliance 5p to 727p. 

up, with rival Fisons soon. 

In oils, Ultramar recovered 
an early fall to close un- 

London United Invest- 
ments, still making the most of 
the warm reception given to 
its latest rights issue propos- 
als. advanced another 27p to 

P Lh?day f^&ed at 168p. The Austra- 
now that all hopes of an ^ a P businessman. Mr Ron 
imminent cut in bank base increased his 

rates have finally been K?L^ in JfejSf l SP!lK-? ,S The insurance brokers met 
scuppered. As if to rub salt fS> ng KmjHtescd abswiary. wilh profit-taking after an 
into the market's wounds, the if eventful account CE Heath, 

Government broker decided if; ? jLl!2 , “ l0n shares ' or 10-57 which suffered a shake-out 
to issue by lender £800 million ** ceQL 
of Treasury 8 l A per cent loan. The financial sector contin- 
2007, at £94.50. Investors will ued zo hold investor' atten- 
pay £25 on tender, with the don. But this time it was the 
balance payable on August 1 8, turn of the insurance compos- 
1986. A further sum of £100 
million has been reserved for 
the National Debt 
Commisioners. EQUITIES 

Meanwhile, the equity mar- 
ket ended the account on a Abaco hw (-tap; 

lian financier, announced that £13.7 million against £10 
he had bought a 6 per cent million in 1985 where the p/e 
slake in Standard and intend- falls to single figures and 
cd to throw his weight behind says the shares, down lp at 
the board. Sir Yue-Kong Pao, !50p, are worth nearer 
the Hong Kong shipping mag- 200p. 
naie. has increased his holding 

earlier in' the week after break- 
ing off merger talks with 
Dewey Warren, recovered an 
early fall, to close all-square at 
519p. But Hogg Robinson 


lo l 5 per cent and is alsS But dealers are confident that 

backing the Standard board, T Jj c . s / iares W1 [. ma J ie U P 30 
along with Tan Sri Khoo Teck dieir .lost ground and some are 
Puat, speaking for another 5 predicting that they will stand 
percent. Standard now has the al a 1 00p premium before the 
backing of about 28 per cent of au i|*" T1 v^ th , 
the issued capital. . resl 

Lloyds Bank has built up a 5 inking sector encountered 

per cent slake in Standard - i 1 ^ o£" 

lhe maximum allowed under 

United States banking laws. J™ 8 rtJ “E„ 10 , ^ 

The market is taking the view International 5p to 7^8p and 
the market is taxing me view Hm Samuel 2p to 383p. 

Brown Shipley lost 5p at 

quiet note following the 
record-breaking 30-point fell Arfington t£> 
in the Index on Tuesday. Aswwjy OMp) 
lorestore appeared cootrat to 
take profits where owed, while Bipei (374p) 
the rest continued to drift Borland (i25p) 
eaaer on lack of support. {iKSKffira, („op, 
The nervousness on Wall Chehaa Man pzsp) 

Street overnight and another £oai«j B «»ates <84p; 
flat performance during the Densltron ,58p) 


Ttoee Month Starting 
Sep 06 


DecSS _ 

Mar 87 


— . 9053 



Jim 87 . — 

— 9050 


Sep 87 

Dec 87 

— NT 


Previous day 's total open Merest 15651 

ThrM Month Eurodollar 

Sap 86 

Dec 86 

Mar 8? 

Jun 87 

Sep 86 
Dec 66 
Mar 87 


Short GNt 

Sep 86 — 
Dec 88—. 
Mar 87 — 



-Dec 86 
Mar 87 

FT-SE 100 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 — 






N £ 










93.49 83.44 

93J0 93J26 

93:04 33-01 

Previous < 
100-01 ' 9E 









159 +10 

71 +2 
42 '* 
150 +2 
95 -3 








Evans Hailshaw (120p) 
Fields (Mrs) |140p) 
Guthrie Corp (150p) 
Hagges (J) (140p) 
Hodgson (85p) 

Lopex (145p) 

Monotype (57p) 

Morcjan GranteU (500p) 

(72 p) 

SmaHbone (IB 
Soundtracks -(< 
Task Force (95p) 
(21 5p) 

Templeton (2l5p) 
Tenby Inds (1i2pt 
Thames TV (1 90p) 
■fibber & Britten (120 p) 
Yelverton (3Bp) 


A man F(P - 
Antofagasta NJP 
Boase Massimi F/P 
Costain N IP 
Da La Rue F/P 
Erskine Hse N/P 
Five Oaks F/P 
ibstock Johnson n/p 
I nti Signal N/P 
Leigh imarests N/P 
Pineapple F/P 
Wight Collins N/P 

154 +1 
475 -5 
112 +2 
227 +5 

37 (Issue price m brackets). 

538p - despite Kredietbank 
SA Luxembourgeoise an- 
nouncing that it had bought an 
extra 700.000 shares. This 
takes its total holding to 3.77 
million shares, or 25.25 per 

69 +2 1 ? 

235 +5 

I open I 




Previous day's toral opan Interest 766 

101-46 101 











Previous day’s tots) open Interest 15311 
21-00 121-07 






164.70 164, 

da/s total open interest 2208 





Bret Deem* 

July 7 
JiMy 21 


July IB 

Aug 4 Aug 15 

CaB options wet* token oaten: 
Notion. Amstrad, BOMS. Sound 
PUT: PW McCMlen. 

PUt 8 Call: Undsnwooda. JFB. 

Oct 9 
Oct 23 
Nov 6 

For Settlement 
Oct 26 
Nov 3 
Nov 17 

11/7/86 Barham, Nat WteL Heine. Jefferson, Smurfit, 
Did. Tramrood. Abaca Wigglna. Goode D, AB Eng. 




asr* 1 

N York 15047-15180 
Montreal 20741-25960 
Brussels 67.41 -6820 
C'Dhgen 122542-123687 
Dublfi 1.0909-1.1067 
Lisbon. 223.04-22064 
Madrid 20850-210.77 
Milan 224950-2274.71 
Oslo 11.3166-11.4275 
Paris 105240-10.6214 
St'Wllm 107045-105066 
Tokyo 242.02-24454 
Vienna 2352-2124 
Zurich 25768-2.7029 

Market rates 


July 11 






I . 0925-1.0935 

II. 3166-115387 

1 month 
0.44-0.41 pram 

0- 33-023prem 



1 Vi prom 





1- 7ds 










200-245(1 is 



7v t -6V4pcBfn 
29-26% pram 

Starfing index compered with 1976 was down at 745 (day 1 * range 745-765). 



Araentina auscraT . 
Australia doBar _ 
Bahrain iflnar —— 
BrazU cruzado" „ 
Cyprus pound — - 
Finland marta — 
Greece drachma.. 
Hong Kong doflar . 

Indie rupee 

Iraq dinar 

•15428T5450 Ireland »... 
23610-25653 ' 


Singapore . 

20.77-2050 Australia 
0.7490-0.7560 Canada 

— 7.6695-7.7095 Sweden 

210.60-212.60 Norway . 

_ 11.7789-11.7876 Danmark. 

Kuwait dinar KD — 

Malaysia dottar 

Mexico peso 

New Zealand dollar . 
Saixfi Arabia riyal ~ 
Singapore dollar — 
South Africa rand 
U A E dWtam . — _ 
-Lloyds Bank 

18.80-19.00 West Germany 

n/a Switzerland — 

0.4385-0.4425 Netherlands — 

35946-45004 France 

930-980 Japan. 

, 55615-5.7015 


.. 3 3100-35146 Hong Kong 
_ 35865-3.9094 Portugal , 


554-658 Spam. 

Austria .... 

... 25490-25410 










180 80-160.70 







108 +1'r 


00 +8 
eio 1 .- ccnL 

17+8 Manganese Bronze fell Sp 
to 69p following an article in 
The Times yesterday giving a 
warning that the deal to sell its 
London Taxis International 
subsidiary had fallen through. 
Manganese had already re- 
ceived an offer of £13 million, 
but had asked for more. 
Manganese is capitalized at 
only £1 1.5 million. 

McKechnie Brothers fell by 
6p to 226p after learning that 
Evered had sold its entire 
stake of 9.1 1 million shares 
(15 per cent) in the market at 
224p a share following 4ts 
failure to win control of the 
group in a fiercely contested 

Evered, which still owns a 
20.1 per cent stake .in TI 
Group, -was unchanged at 

Tottenham Hotspur shed lp 
to 70p after confirmation of 
our story earlier this week that 
Mr Irvine Brown, the Ameri- 
can property tycoon, had 
raised his stake in the club la 
12.5 per cent and is still 
looking to buy more. 


US rate cut catches 
markets on the hop 

Not even the overnight reduction in rate reductions. Karl Ono Poehl, a 
the United States discount rate could Bons toker among central bankers, 
cheer the London markets yesterday, ^as been seeing off all those who 
Equities drifted to the end of the suggest that German rates should 
«/wit mt at im* tkat - come down. The Americans ieei 

entitled to expect a little more help 
from the Japanese but, just a few 
hours before the US reduction, the 
Bank of Japan Governor, Satoshi 

account, grateful at least that the 
dramas of earlier in the week were 
over. The gilt market, which has been 
in a collective sulk since Monday, 
found a little more to be upset about, 
with the announcement of an £800 
million tap- 

Only in the money markets, albeit 
with one eye on the shaky pound, was 
there a little optimism. The discount 
rate cut and the relatively generous 
nature of the Bank of England’s 
lunchtime gilt-edged sale-and-re- 
purchase operation, spread a little 
happiness. Rates edged down by an 

The timing of the discount rate cut 
was, in the end, a surprise. A 
reduction had been expected before 
Paul Vofcker, the Federal Reserve 
Board chairman, gives his regular 
testimony to Congress in 10 days. But 
Thursday's move, with little prepara- 
tion by the markets, looked sudden. 

llie Fed chairman has been under a 
lot of pressure from the Administra- 
tion. Donald Regan, the White House 
chief of staff and Volcker’s old 
sparring partner when he was Trea- 
sury Secretary, was the latest to turn 
the screw this week. 

The Fed's move, based on evidence 
of US economic weakness, is a far cry 
from the coordinated Group of Five 

Sumita, had apparently ruled out 
lowering his rate from 3.5 per cent 
This position may not, however, be 
tenable if the yen starts heading 

The spotlight may not yet be off Mr 
Volcker. He is not above pressurizing 
other countries with another discount 
rate cut in the coming weeks. And this 
would do the latest gilt-edged offering 
from the Bank of England no harm at 
all. Yesterday's tap, £800 million of 
8‘A per cent Treasury loan stock 2007, 
will help funding by nearly £200 
million in the July banking month 
and by nearly £600 million in August 

The market was not in the mood to 
welcome it. Oil hah the pound sliding 
again. It fell, in spite of lower US rates, 
more than a cent to $1.5062 and — 
perhaps more important - by a 
pfennig lower to DM3.2881. The 
sterling index fell 0.3 to 74.6. The 
inflation figures, were good. But 
another measure, helpfully provided 
by the Treasury, was less encouraging. 
Excluding mortgage rates, inflation 
rose from 3.1 per cent in May to 3.3 
per cent last month. 

Societies pay for equality 

The Treasury is demanding a substan- 
tial tax price for the favour of allowing 
building societies to compete on more 
equal terms with banks. 

After imposing extra taxation on 
the societies’ gilt-edged investment in 
a particularly abrupt way, the Govern- 
ment now wants to twist the societies' 
tails again in the name of even- 
handed fiscal neutrality. The Treasury 
has sponsored an amendment to the 
1 986 Finance Bill on the procedure for 
collecting composite rate tax (CRT) 
on building society deposits. Some of 
the larger societies think the amend- 
ment. due to be debated next Thurs- 
day, is definitely not cricket. 

From tax year 1 986-87 on, CRT will 
be paid quarterly in arrears for both 
building societies and banks. Few 
have any quarrel with this. The 
amendment, however, would catch 
the tax on interest for the period 
between the end of the societies’ 
financial year, in most cases Decem- 
ber 31 1985, and the end of the tax 
year on April 5. Under the old 
arrangement, they would have paid 
the whole of the year’s CRT liability 
in the following July. 

Woolwich Equitable challenged a 
ruling by the Inland Revenue in the 
High Court, but Ian Stewart, the 

Economic Secretary, was not prepared 
to leave the matter to legal argument 
— hence the plan to enshnne the ruling 
into the Finance Bill. 

The amendment leaves the Wool- 
wich and Leeds building societies with 
extra tax bills for the change-over year 
of £65 million and £74 million 
respectively. They face bigger bills 
because their financial years ended in 
September rather than December. 
These figures, however, do not take 
. into account Corporation Tax relief at 
1985 rates. The real draw on their 
reserves will therefore be 60 per cent 
of the gross cost The BSA values the 
Revenue’s call on its members’ re- 
serves at some £435 million net. 

The biggest losers are the members 
of those societies with financial years 
ending early in the tax year. Their 
investment policy could well be 
affected by the depletion of cash 

The arbitrary nature of the tax 
recoupment described by one exas- 
perated executive as “like being taxed 
by the alphabetical position of your 
surname”, upsets the societies as 
much as the alleged retrospection the 
Government is trying to put into the 

Ram Mffflad by Barclays Bank HOFEX and ExteL 



July Oct 

•ton My 






Sept Dec 

Mar Sep 




ABM Lyons 











’ 5 



































































Thom EMI 
































































































Com Union 







































Brit Aero 
























75 ■ 

BAT Inds 



























■ ~ 













70 0 



_ ***"_ 





















Wm gg t 


























Grand Mat 





























































■ 60 























Land Sec 





* 2 































11 • 

■Marks ASpen 











































She# Trans 












































Trafalgar House 


































- 9 







Mar Sep 












: (*435) 

































VaaJ Reels 



































— 21 21M 

Mar Aug Nov 




Da Beats 








“ - 27 

8 17 ~ 

55 BO ® 

35 55 68 

12 3B jg. 

45 g £ 
jg 37 60 

8 18 — _ 
88 120 I**} 

55 80 1°0 

37 60 - 

90 *5 ~ 
20 32 <0 

6 16 __ gj 
63 71 - 

36 !J5 « 

17 29 S 

a 14 22_ 

140 1«j “ 

* !3 a 

23 3D — 
17 30 M 

■ BS 85 87_ 

10 25 f| 
40 50 55 

flfl 80 — 

Is 32 45 
35 55 65 

70 B3 - 
1 10 120 — 

5 8 11 

14 18 * 

34 38 *2 

3 4 — 

6 11 — 

17 ® 23 

39 *2 



218 41 46 — 2 2 % 

236 22 33 — 254 6 

255 854 20 — . 8 74 

273 3 10 — 23 S 

Trn** 1991 


Sarto Aug Nov Fab. Aug Non Feta 


106 3% 3% — »i« % 

108 156 SP-m 2% 1 J» 

110 V 154 1» Via. 216 

Tr 11*% 03/07 

116 4’ib 554 — **'».— 

178 3 4% 5* 1S« 3% 3X 

120 2% 314 454 254 3% 454 

122 154 26 354 354 "ib 554 

124 54 254 - 5' ib Pw. — 

125 54 1 ! w — 65i 7*. — 

JUy Aug Saul Oct Juty Acg Sept Oct 

















































. — - . 

— - 


- — 


July 11, 1986 . 

Total corrtracB 

7S»0. CM* m78. PUB3W4. -Und«*ng sacarity prta. 


The mood improved yesterday 
in the wake of the US discount 
rate, cat- and a more enconrag- 
ing stance by the Bank of 
England, but rates eased only 

Bau Rates % 

Clearing Banks 10 
nuance House 10K 
Discount Market Loans % 

Overnight Hah: 10R Low 3 
Week Inert: IQ'is ' 

Traastny Hfls (Discount %) 

Buying Setting 

. 2mmfi 9"i» 2mnm9»iB 
3 mmti 9 r iB 3mrati 9fc 
Prime Bank B8J» (Discount 
f mntfi IP'n-g"® Zmntti 9 "ib-9 # » 
3mnth 955-954 6mnth 9 4 3 ?*h 

imntt 10 ’‘h 
3 ninth 1054 

2mnth 10*i» 

Interbank (%) 

Ovemght open 1054 dose 4 
1 we* 1054-1054 6 (With 9 *ib-9?4 

1 mmh 10%-IQ Bmntn 9%-&5t 

3 ninth 10-9-4 12mth 994 -9* 

Local Authority Deposits (*fc) 

2aeys 10 7 days 10 

1 mnth 10 3 mmh 9>. 

6rrmm 954 I2rwh 9ii 

Local Authority Bonds (%) 

1 mnth 1054-1054 2 mmh 

3 mntfi 1 054-9 fr 6 mmh 

.9 mnth 10-954 12mm 

Storting CDs (%) 

1 mnth 10-954 3 mntfi 

8 mnth 954-9% 12twh 


1 mnth 655-650 
6 mnth 6556-50 

3 mnth 

12 mm 




9" I8-9** 





*7 days B'ib-B*!* 
3 mmh 6 ,, i«-6 6 rB 
7 days 4%-4% 

3 mnth 4%-4% 
French Franc 

7 days PwT’ir 
3 mnth T’le-T 3 * 
Swiss Franc 
7 days 214-1% 

3 mmh 4*i*-4 ? i* 

7 days 454-454 
3 mntfi 4M-4J4 

cal 7%-654 
1 ninth 6 >l i*-6*it 
6 mntfi 8’*i»-6 a i6 
call 5-4 
1 rrnith 4’io-4 ? t« 
6 mnth 4"<*4*u 
call 754-654 
1 mrttft 

6 mnth 754-754 
cafl 2-1 
1 mnth 4*»-4 , i* 
8 ninth 454-454 
cal 4*-3k 
1 mnth 454-414 
8 mnth 45WJ4 


Mitterrand’ ((sere 
S 348.75-348 25 1£ 


S82.75-83.7S (£54.75-55.50) 
"Excludes vat 


Applets £322.6m 
Bids: £97.655% 

Last week £37.67% 
Avge rata: £9^07% 
Next week: £1 00m 

raeeptort 81% 
test wk £9-3040% 
replace Si 00m 


Fixed Rata Starting Export Finance 

Scheme IV Average reference rets for 

Interest period June 4, 1988 to 
July T, 1986 inclusive: 9.B24 par 


.Lloyds Bank 

iT* V-d ft* * f 3 

The closing time 
LOOpm. today; 

Our Increased Alternative Offer 

872 P 

778 P 


Final acceptances for the Lloyds Bank Offer should be received 
by 1.00 pm today, at either of the following addresses: 

Standard Chartered Share Price: 


(as at 3 30pm on Friday, 11 July) 

Lloyds Bank Pic 
Registrar’s Department 
61 Moorgare 

London, EC2. 

Lloyds Bank Pic 
Registrar’s Department 
The Causeway, Goring-by-Sea 
Worthing, West Sussex. 

If you are in any doubt about bow to fill in die Green Form of Acceptance, telephone Lloyds Bade 
on Freephone Lloyds Bank- 




Tbis arfwrtisement is published by Uo}tb Merchant Bank Limited cn behalf of Lloyd* Bank Pic. The Direcrors of Lloyds Bank Pic an the persons 
responsible for the information contained in this advertisement. To the bar of their knowledge and belief, (having taken all reasonable care to ensure that 
such u the case) the information contained in this adwtisanent u in accordance with the facts. The Directors of Lloyds Bank Pic accept responsibility 

The values of Lloyds Bank's Offer depend on in share pncc,and an estimate by HoaneGovetr Ltd, of the value of the new Lloyds Bank 7»Ciimn) anw 
GonvctttHe Preteence Shares. The value oftbe ftefeteoce Shares is estimated [because ir will on ly be listed in the wen t of the Offer becoming unconditional. 

#Th* Increased OBer is final except in die limited atcumgeanoes ser out in Lloyds Bank's Inoeased Offer document dated 48 June 1986. If the o&r 
becomes uncondJtKxul as ro acceptances, ii must remain open for a further J4 days. 




Bfe Offer CBBfl YU 

EH Otar Ghng YU 

M Offer On YU 

8U Qffar Chnfl YU 

ad Offer cerq YU 

M Offer Clmg YU 

ad .Otlra Chng , m 


Amer fecoma 
Amar SnoBer Co* 
Awt flrowm 

Honq Kano M 

1966 209.7 
187 19M 
1123 1183 
416 480* 
143 1S.7* 
183 17.4 
UA 740 
405 4820 
408 415 
814 873 
509 807 
2£7 242* 
987 885 
145 185 

445 475 
22.4 2LM 
3(5 37.1 
87.1 715 
100 17.1 
834 873 
547 67J 

•1.1 289 

*» S 

Hgh fecoara Trust 772 872 +04 SOD 

0« 8 HM H 534 665* +03 83* 

Tb a few Trusts £3.7 67.8 -02 1 90 

Seed* SOS Trust 774 824 +05 231 

Nth Anar Tran 685 623 .+07 i » 

Ffer Eastern Tfutt 775 BIS* +0.1 OS 

fee Orowm 475 507 +05 1.12 

5(4 5840 403 834 

low mz +14 oas 

N Amur That 1084 1102 

« KtK»y . aar.i sssu 

GOThjSI 403 423 

a wheat* Inc 853 875 
9 UnOfe* US Gth 793 825 
T0H(M Bar SaCo's 1754 TKLD* 

. . 

+03 852 
+04 541 
+09 079 
.. 3.14 

405 057 
+1.0 3.4S 

+04 5.45 
403 057 
+05 254 
401 032 
.. 094 
-01 277 
+03 158 
+ 0.1 .. 
+01 .. 
+04 381 
. . 4.14 


S, George Hm Corporaa o n SL Coventry 

T0B«to Bar USM 384.4 2935 +234 2.71 

0203 653281 

UK Orowfi Man 1474 1583 
DBfeOna 1280 1351 
HUer fee Accum 2*7 1 2625 

1290 1361 
2*7 1 2625 
1809 2115 
1023 1076 
574 925 

9-17, Pwiyman 
0*44 *56144 

HO U tl W B O i 

Do hm 574 925 

N» Anar Tst Accum 1344 1*23 

Far Etn Tb Aeon 1409 1493 
Euro TM Accuo 141.1 150.1 

Barer* Truss 231.9 2*6.7 

Smab * CP's Aoc 
at (stoma 
Hgh Mtoaw 

Man PonfoH Inc 
*Do Ask 
N rrffi Amman 

1259 1353 
1478 1509 ■ 
673 723 
773 011 
616 603 
1029 1107 
595 844# 
800 880 

+03 258 
+13 .. 
+03 086 
+04 559 
+47 4.75 
+08 .334 
+13 .. 
+19 138 
+03 034 


1. Lauraoca Pouhwy HO London ffiffl ®» 

01 <23 4690 

US Smater Col 
Capa* Pgr* 
fecoma rm 
F ar Eaann Fund 
Ooanaaa home 
fwsd home 
Naval Res fire* 
Fw upapn Income 

7*3 7S5 +13 038 

105.4 1123 +13 043 

81 0 86.7 +15 451 

733 784 -03 032 

664 71.1* +05 383 
684 825* +02 950 
3S3 37.7* +02 481 
707 75.7 +05 336 

The Slock Exchange London EC2P SUT 
01-568 2068 

General fee (0 
Da Aron (4) 
bscarna Fund (9 
Do ACOMI (31 
bn Inc ( 2 ) 

Do teunffl 
SmMer Inc (5) 
Da Accum ra 

212.7 2224* -53 390 
340.1 3573* -7.7 390 
10*4 109.8 .. *45 

T832 192.7 .. 445 

1280 1304 .. 148 

1864 1728 .. 148 

EH 138 *295* .. 285 

Cl 2.12 129** .. 256 


125. hm Wotocm. London WC1V 6 PV 
01-2*2 11+8 

CSJapMRM 735 8*9 +03 023 


^n^* w,HA90MB 

M 3§l MM +03 *05 

FnM 1918 mi -2-1 8K 

Nwfe American M98 150.1 +13 01* 

Oosnl 469 409 - ■- 1-50 

Ewopaan S13 +*L1 190 

532 569 -03 OH 


ISO West George SL Onflow G2 2PA 

0+1-332 3182 

Bauocad GDi too 4*3 *7.t 
Do Accwn 449 473 

income On Inc an **I* 

Do Accum *3 4 482 

Sana Co e Inc 482 512 

Do Accum 483 513 

Pear Wo*. T onbrtdfla. 1M 10Y 
0732 289222 

735 8*9 +03 023 

+13 038 
+0.1 190 
-03 030 


Amor EquBy tacom 
Amar Seed* SB* 

Fer Eaat fee 
Off 8 Fixed tot 
Groi+Oi 6 Income 
Japan Speed Sis 
Japan Trod 

Mamed fet Tjj 

Max name Equh 

Max fecoma Equffy 80.8 eaa 
Pro fe eaoBd ah 339 361 
SooBl East Ada TB 26.8 282 
Special Sec 1623 1749 

1002 1079 +1.1 085 

31.4 338 +0.1 +.7* 

499 52.8 +0.7 195 

32-1 3*2 +0.1 *06 

313 32.7* .. 887 

987 105.1* +81 *55 
413 4*5 -03 . . 

1223 mm -i.i .. 

1319 MO.* *19 091 
80.8 889 .. 4.74 

339 381 +0.1 236 

pa Bra 551 Bent* Medal London ECS 7X1 
01-821 0011 

3502 m3 +23 1.70 

2883 309.5 +12 *70 

287.5 9073 +84 097 

Oi-sSffSsa 1 Un " EC3 * 8AN 

Anencen Exempt 0604 3682 .. 191 



Norwich ur Hantaan 
pg Box 4. NOtVweB Hfll 3HG 
0603 622230 

GnMjTmd £1211 1275 +0-J5 361 

mXu 1217 1302 +08 133 

emar pme Ho uaa. Port* 
0705 827733- 

68. Qaroi Street, London EC4N BAE 
deafen 01-235 388WW8/0 

American Inc 
DO Aron 
Auairatan H 
Do Accum 
European Inc 
<n« Fhaa fee 

Do Accum 
OeU Fund fee 
Do Accum 


1. Hng Mftam SL ECAN 7AJ 
01-823 5314 

London Wal BMgs. London WfeL London 


2. Fora Street. Lonoon EC2Y SAO 
01-568 1615 

fev Fund 41335 

Rxod H 1*79 

OapoM 1000 

2- Fora Sew* London EC2V 5AQ 
01-586 1816 

-626 5181 
Am 8 Gen he 
Do Accum 
Amor Tumamd he 
Do (tan 
Carafe Tst fee 
Do Accum 
Cum S GOi he 
DO Afflwn 
Bara he Tet he 
Do Acoan 
fecoroe Thai 
Do Accum 
hi QicMtfi Rd he 
DO Accum 
Juan 6 Gen he 
Da Accum 
Monthly Income Fd 
Do Accwn 
European he 
Do Accwn 

2354 2504 
2*09 2558 
20616 2230* 
2174 2312* 
2124 2259 
2554 271.8 
884 040* 
1179 1252* 
1848 1752c 
1752 1862c 
119.6 1273* 
1259 1338* 
16*0 17+.* 
1B22 19*4 
629 878 
109 ms 
839 B&B* 
OM 1482c 
1508 1802C 
56.4 599 
554 599 

+38 031 
+3.7 091 
+33 1.14 
+33 1.14 
+12 £12 
+12 £12 
-02 520 
-02 520 
+09 420 
+08 *20 
+09 *19 
+09 *19 
+13 .. 
+19 .. 

.. 006 
+02 098 
+0.4 450 
+12 170 
+13 170 
+0.1 091 
+0.1 091 


UK House. Caada 8L SfeUbury 8P1 3BH 


UKEgufer ' 1239 - • +44 

UK EtMqr ' 1239 - or 

PadtkrBofe - 1377 1*83* 

N Mar 1129 1103* 


SJS t S2!. lfl, “ Ba 

01-236 3063 

Panun End. Dcrkfeg Sunar 
0306 605055 

St SnXttXns Lana. London EC4P 40U 

NC America he .28(9 3D2.1C +£B 121 

Do Accum 305.4 32* 9c +£9 121 

NC Energy Re* 1338 1«18 +08 £75 

NC Income 699 958 +08 3.70 

NC japan 1912 1B£T +4JB 081 

NC Strader Cm 1403 M37 +04 137 

NC Safer Eureo Co's 1668 177.1 +13 086 

NCExsnaxGt £1319 1369 .. 640 

NC Amor Prop S1 1.57 12-18 .. .. 

NC Property 1503 1662 .. 

Groenn fee 
Do Acom 
Hgh YfeU 
Do Accum 

Do Aecran - 
Do Accum 
Anar 3 Geq 
Do Accum . . 
Maafer Portion 
Do Aceaa . 

1038 2059 
SOU 2998 
2158 2294 
21&6 2294 
: 422 *49* 
'424.-452 : 
1379 1403* 
- 210.4 DUt 
35 833 
508 638 
£8018 61.72* 
£8042 6T97 

FP Equity DM 
Do Accwn 
FP Fuad M DM 
Do Accwn 
BrawwrHtw) DM 
Do Accwn 

1993 2113 
332.1 3528 
1153 1226 
1313 1329 
1718 1823 
1779 1882 

+29 £77 
+02 £77 
+08 586 
+09 586 
+13 1.72 
+19 172 

am Root. 8. Devonshire So. 
01-283 2675 Hoeing 01-626 
UK CBS Fnd fee 983 

Do Accwn 1*02 

Income Fund 706 

ParaMn Exempt 167.8 

MHmaaanfe 1ES2 

US A General • 6S0 
Teat 8 Gmrffl 66.7 

Japan A Groat 8102 

Far Eaat S Gan 974 

Ewopean Fund 22*7 

Grouty Fifed 509 

+19 £20 
+14 220 

+03 aio 

+04 190 
+06 180 
+09 080 
+02 MO 
- 1.0 020 
-09 080 
+16 040 
+03 1.10 


2. Bt Mary Axe. London EG3A 8BP 

01-6Z3 1212 Daaflng 01-623 5706 Daalfeg 01-823 

American That 89.7 969 

Australian Trust 163 17.7 

Brasil Tat Accwn 57 T BI B 

DO Dot 493 539 

OomnwdUy Share 509 5*3i 

European Tom 462 464 

Ear* income Trust 472 507 

Fer Eaawm Trust 1229 1312 

897 969* +20 000 
183 17.7 +03 036 

57 T 613 -03 227 

4B3 539 -03 £Z7 

503 5*3* +09 136 

462 464 +03 038 

rowan uwnwsr 

33 Kfeg wnam Street lonoen EC4R 9AS 
01 -636 5678 - 

Amwkan M 2259 2209 -159 191 

Seewutes (3 7tao 7313 .. £16 

hbgn Yield 1749 1779 .. 63* 

MartnO) 3T8JJW.Bc .. 13* 

fixed feWrcM 1738 17*0 +08 2.42 

Hgh imnat 1258 1268* +051212 
Far East ( 2 ) -2229 2253* .. 020 

.. 63* 
.. 13* 
+05 £42 

Near Hal Ptae* Uverpool 139 SHE 
051-227 4(22 

Etway That 63.1 67.1 

MThat 715 763 

Gfe Trust 2B9 203* +0.1 8.10 

US That 328 3*5 +04 140 

PHfehBeshTW 389 *12 

+05 £40 
405 130 

Afeng Rah Am ( 8 ) 1169 12*4 
Do Accum . 1109 12*4 

Far Eat A. Gan fee 40.7 • *8.7 . 
Do Accwn 48.7- 407 

+29 296 

• *48-138 
+11 346 
+T8 348 
+08 187 
+03 137 
-aSS3 £57 
-098 257 

• ,-*5 .136 
-75 18S 
-04 Bffc 
-04 QBB 

20 Wion Sl London ECS 
01420 0811 

High hcom* Trust 
Do Accwn . 

Do Accwn 
Do Accwn 

1208 1289* +1.4 148 
1693 1807* +29 148 
03.4 904* +14 *27 
1083 1153* +15 *27 
375 613 . +19 1.07 
500 6B4 *19 iMI 


* Mekifee Crascsm. 
081-226 8402 
Amerieaii Fund 
Capital Fund 
OoiHh 6 fee FiM 
Hah Ottt fifed 
RUemaaonfe Fund 
Resources Fund 

Safer Jap Go's Fnd 
Toeyn fimd 

icxr w 
(ExJ Pacfec (*) 

E sr rjapw 

719 7B9 
965 1003 
1323 1*29 
1093 1163 
188.1 2013* 
f&I TS3 
363 -303 
1539 183.7 
1474 1S£8 
10*5 1079* 
2853 27*5 
2119 2179 
239 253* 

♦07 231 
-0.1 135 
+1.1 *23 
+04 578 
+13 1.12 
+03 052 
+01 .. 
+19 015 
.. 350 
.. 031 
♦79 037 
+53 010 
+03 391 

fixed interest Fund 263 2B7c +01 955 

CM Trust 279 2ai* +01 857 

CM Fund Aron 182.1 1735 409 032 

DO Dot 15(5 16(4 409 032 

Gold Share Trust 10 7 114 +03 2-50 

Hedged American 303 324 +03 0 *Q 

High fecoma Thai 141 8 1513 . . 697 

Hwifl tSung Trust 3*9 369 -03 1.07 

Income Fwxl 764 Bi3 +08 3.17 

(vursnoa Agencies £4741 S030*+*8.G2 190 

Japan Trust 1373 14G0* .. 000 

Managed ExernM 2720 3004 +15 £70 

04 8 tneroy That 23 5 3£8 +01 150 

Speaal S*s Trust 9£2 98-8 +04 079 

UK Safe Cl HOC Tst 703 753 +05 >45 

Wfeehester Hse. 77. Union MM. London GC2N 

B*h Hoad. ChoHanhem. qou cemar GL53 7LO 
03(2 521311 

UK Bfeancad he 89.1 73.7*. 403 240 
Do Accum 703 749* +07 £37 

UK Growth Accwn 834 899 +09 138 

UK Wflh fee Inc OSS 709 +07 519 

N American Accwn 6*4 807* +08 05B 
Fer Eastern Accwn 87.t 82M +05 010 
European Accwn 713 759 +07 190 

UK GR 8 FI fee 5*7 5H3fe +03 830 
Do Accwn 683 601* +03 795 

01-988 S6B0 
life GrowSi 
Amman (feowti 
American me 
European Growth 
Gold 6 Mfenrfea 
Japan Growth 

78.7 8£0* -27 198 
6(9 884* +19 063 
675 725 408 *85 

1900 209.6 408 038 

337 363c +01 £34 
1589 1719* *-06 .. 

Europem Act 
UK GR 6 n I 

RogHSjichanga. EC3P 3DN 

Gfe 8 fixed fet 1229 1 

Growth Eqwty 2000 : 

Guana ua 261 7 : 

N Amancan 1365 I 

Pacfec 2173 S 

Fraparqr Share 2729 1 

1323 1273 
2000 2102 
291 7 3023 
1365 1453 „ 
2178 2318 
2729 2904c 

Siraaer Compralaa 2101 2233 
European Thai 722.1 2965* 

-03 089 
+25 £00 
♦33 275 
+23 158 
-13 0.13 
+29 137 
+09 1.78 
+09 131 

Wtottar House. 831 Kbj a eay , London NC2Q 

01-406 8331 

Com 6 Equity 483 519 " +14 731 

feoome 537 573* -01 813 

Growth j . *517 659 . +01 233 

The prices and nmt trust 
quotations on this 
Tharsday’s trading 

^* 1 ? 

• Bt dMdond c Cum tJMdand k Cun 
stock apflt's Ek skx* spRL m Ctoa afl 
(any two cr more of aboireL.a Ex afl (any 
two or .more of above “ 
vakifltfon days: 

























































41 1 








13 : 



























































































11 a 



















» 4 




























Hjp Low Company 

3V. 23 Owners Ahroad 
14S 85 PCT 

255 10B Pacer Systame 
79 50 Pacfec Sales 
148 130 Panaweea 
550 206 PertrfielO G«J 
48 10 Pafe M Lea 
53 30 Pstnon 

175 143 Penny 5 g*M 
152 BO Rape Group 
1*8 83 Pericom 

39 23 PerWns Ml 

200 1*5 Patera. McftaaQ 
27 18 Rferogan 

34 28'i Picacsay Redo 

118 24 fict Pet 

67 31 Pmespoto Danes 
98 06 Phnunaai 

33 25 Ptasmec 
171 115 Piston 
283 115 Pohw* 

2*5 135 PtVytsch Matt 
158 83 PowertUw 
1*3 125 Promapnm 
5 * 2 Property T« lOp 
S'* £ DO BP 
308 150 OusstaT 
*3 IS Rafeo Oty 'A' 

*8 33 Hetho Ctyde 

123 85 Rafeus 

40 14 Ramco 04 

105 86 Ramus 

68 40 Heel Time Control 
42 to RaaaM Motor 

1B3 70 RnMi IDAS 

SO S3 Rota 8 Natan 
178 1*5 Rudds (GJ 
IW 115 SAC 
125 73 Sangara Photo 

«s 20 sapprra Pet 
122 104 Sraage 
178 138 Sana 
«12 73 Safetrome 

165 120 Scot Hearable 
IDS 71 SecwMussB 
26 7 SetacTV 

324 171 Snendwidi 
350 253'.- Sraro Drug Sirs 
78 88'/ Stanton Jones 

55'j 23’. SHwiBi Sec 
220 1GB StHBWEOd Comp 
114 113 snwa 
101 50 Syntax 

173 128 Sms Cfewmg 






5*0 +20 

48 +2 


28 • 





61 r-2 

£1 00 $&' 
49 39149 

Hgh Low Company 

fes Yld 


drr YU 

Pun CtTge pence % P/E 

Hgh Low Company 

Prioa Oi'ge pence % PfE 

43 88* 05 
59 17 137 
49 OJ .. 
.. a .. 21.1 
.. .. 89 

£0 19 189 
47 84 139 
33b 2-5 81 0 
1.7 01 89 
37 24 19.1 


170 +12 

123 -2 

136 -15 


128 • 

5 +'« 


283 +3 


45 ■ 







76 • .. 

178 *+3 

115 ’ -2 

10 * *+2 

145 • 

29 071*8 
.. .. 13 

. . . . 159 

16 37 159 
14 50 35 

44 29119 

24 £0 318 

54 49103 
£8 29 111 
4 A 34 169 


100 -5 

10 -I 

324 +* 

350 +5 

TB +3 

M'j *-Pr 
215 -2 

63 £2 191 
. . • . . 61 
49 103 149 
18 88 198 
ID 63 39 
79 83 101 
29 6.7 145 
.. £14 

0.1 01 . 

29 39 83 

66 17 149 
£1 1 8 199 

11 39 317 

.. .. £7 

43 39 164 

57 39 119 
24 24 171 

*3 £6 M4 

39 39 105 

FMatng Emeafese 
Ffentmg Fv East 

TH Ora 01 Lon DM 114 
TH fed .6 Gan IBS 

.. 68b 49 819 

+r 67 39 417 
•-1 119 - 84 80S 

, 1 nU e ' 

101 90 
170 118 

r« f40 

118 90*» 
174 13a 
189 135 
303 237 
3TO 300 
207 157'i 
141 112. 
94 79 
265 .-217 

TH Norm America 91 
tr Pacnc Bean its 
JWPhwjrty 183 
TR.Tecn 107 

mThtsfees 16B 
Temfee Bar 168 

TnOUpwlOO 300 • 
Throg Sacwsd Cap 360 
Trans Oceanic an 
TMxma 130' 

£8 29463 
14 09 .. 
07. 11409 
26 24565 
03b 39 379 
70 48 279- 

+1 tIJtt* 49 359 

Tratevast fee 


Dabentura 2S9 

55 £7909 
: 39 39373 
159 373 89 
03 ;1B 810 

S30 138 SnfeS nMan) 
205 131 Statens Food 
19S I7r Snueoone 
i3i 96 Snowdwi Bridge 
(2 3b Snnmra 
162 113 5m Bus 
31 12 GW Resoucas 

10* 96 Spooa fiannen 

123 90 Spain Tar* 

63 ua Spectra Auto 
38 20 Speorun 
99 87 Spca 

71 88 Splash 

220 85 Stamen Uefe 
70 22 Stanfeco 

99 71 Staring Pub 

38': 17V Sunlmgh Beet 
93 56 SuOienana [FT) 
125 110 Gwmon Pr Hosp 
2* 175 SynapM Comp 
s Ti s Stores 
SOB 110 TtSOam 
13* 117 TMO Advert 
11* 100 TM Force 
120 52 Tay Hamst 
1*8 103 Tsai For Bus 
3i0 194 Tech Comp 
205 155 Tfeecamputno 
® TWSWV fet’ 

122 70 Thermax 
S*S 360 Therm Sdenfefe 
75 63 Thoroae 
56 47 Tmstey lEBza) 
ire ii4 Taa twin 
50 32 Townarade See 
1“ 3* Trade P iwujuun 
4OT 270 Trandiarwaod 
86 65 Triton 



160 • .. 

168 *-3 

53 19 40 0 
2.9 08 409 

66 65 9 0 

11 £7 201 

43 £9 2 59 

178 •*£ 


88 *+8 
34 +1 



185 -2 

235 +5 

176 +1 

13* -1 


1*1 +11 

120 +8 

535 *+10 

152 +2 

09 19 50 
57 10 190 

75 38 124 

49 £4 114 
51 29 103 
39 14 116 

1.7 42 119 

<2 £7 

.. .. 19 

£9 £7 161 

£9 £6168 
39 72 7.8 

.. • .. £8 
4 0 *4 139 

4.7 89 11.1 
60 34 254 

62 36 Vfang Resowcas 37 

74 58 Wastpool GO 

115 85 w ft namoBo iu Epjr too 

210 181 won 2DS 

353 286 Yeoman 3S3 

• £8-70.177 

.. £2 37*12 

18 £1460 
»+4 49 -02 378 

+3 1178 19 364 






G W Joyaaon and Ca report 

£B0 1*0 Tyta Tees A' 
7G *3 utd Ceranec 

5J0 *20 UU Framsy 
135 93 Utd padwwng 
9* 86 Usitar (fiSi) 

IDO 60 Verwpran 
106 76 Wayns Kea 
106 75 Webber Beam 
19 14 WelpK 

90 66 Wbsi rorfciMu 
96 *3 Wtawonn % Foods 

75 *-3 

255 -5 


•10 4V SMt 

57’. IS , Wfeam (Fbx) HUga 
115 96 Wfegara 
« 48 Wokt 
153 151 woreeaar 
220 165 WM 0) Lamer 
96 75 WvVo 
4 4 Xysya 

1S8 116 T eeownanme r 
53 32 Vehrarion 
110 37 Yore Mount 
81 25 VorK 8 tefey 
89'r 80V Do 8> 

27 16 Zygai Dynanras 

93 -9 

S3 +3 


105 - -a 

90 42 

53 -2 

175 +2 



67 +1 


198 -2 

M S 

2004 ... 


37 -1 

110 *+S 

61 +2 

29b 30 219 
. . . . 70B 

49 74 208 
. .. 363 

£1 1.1 224 

43 -16 251 
£9 19 7.5 
£4 1.9 223 

£5 2 3. ISA 

68 65 180 
77 09113 

OB 14 410 
£1 14 14 8 

29 £1 453 
14 10 .. 

71 19 242 

29n 40 1£7 
4.1b 89 7 7 
42 32 246 

10 40 313 
59 3J1B9 
7.4 19 16 6 

19 2.1 169 
188 7.4 05 
54 74 129 

2*5 49 .. 
49 63 47 
84 72 10.6 

19 £3 i.O 
Zi £8 89 
33 11 128 
0* 20 117 
57 63 133 
29a 95 109 
29 1.7 213 
.. .. 459 

13 87 1ST 
£5 23 169 
1.1 1.5 599 
79 52 169 
36 1 8 213 

14 19 112 

SUGAR (From C. CrniriknO) 



109.00- 700 

111.00- 7.00 


Three Month* 

— 3310-3320 

— 3380-3400 


Tone Idla 




Tima Months . 

— 7860-7570 


Steadier , 




Three Months . 

— 26lO£fiia 




■ £ per tome ~ - 

Open ' Oow 
1200 11« 
.1300 1295 

1750- 1787 
103S 1868 

mz aw 

VOt 1421 

report MO p«c IndBipeM 

Aearegt ttMock prtea* A 


High/Low' Cktsft 
JUOB 5670-5590 8610 
Oct 86 84606360, 6370 
I JM167- .67500730 m 6710 
Apr 87 7360-7380- ; 7360 


|«|Rf|8HIMH« niMkauot) 
Mr 10 

h b^i 

Q& CattO. SftBSp por kg hr 
J*s»ap 10101P por kg est 




W> jr *+ 


fob — . 

im—T— ..*— 124.0-23.0 

Jim ..... 

-. 1230210 


- .... 1230-220 

if?. '•* 

1 1 

t moshubw. 

ERfltandmd WawK 

am m up 140 %, aim. 

(Jnq'M 1020 I . HgtyLs* '43 dm 

jAgW. 1 K| J Jut66 ' 94O0G4Q0- i 9NU7 

kl\$**>* | 

13 r.',v <‘j ■ Ir 

Boat Contact 

t V&v: f 
ll 3 

October — 

94.00- 83.75 

97.00- 96.75 

— 10105-1.00 

— 10505400 

p. par Mo 

Dpffl ..0098 



, Fro m your .portfolio card check 
agbt snare pnce movements. Add 
mj u> give you your overall total. Check 

ton page. If it matches you 
vc won outright or a share of the total 
daily prae money, stated. If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of your card. You must always have 
your, card available when chiming. 

Quiet end to account 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began June 30. Dealings ended yesterday. §Contango day Monday. Settlement day July 21 
ACLuuiN i lia §Fonvard bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 




£ 8,000 

Claims required 

+45 points 



£ 8,000 

Claims required 

+129 points 

Claimants should rine 0254-53272 

Hon Law Company 

380 260 RMBnk 01 SCO 
14V S'. Senoom 
55 33 SmW SI Aubyn 

894 4 IB Sana Owl 

818 Sir Un«n 
71* 43V 1W Fans 
320 220 WMun 

Pries OTflB panes * P<g 

334 .. 143 43 V 

C6-. .. 1#3 28 U2 

45 -2 29 84 4.1 

MO -0 328° 78 703 

MS'' •*’ 7J 25148 


Holt Lloyd 

FR Group 

Kwilc Sa«s 

Dominion lot 

Wilson (Connoly) 



Uncroft Mgour 





Industrials E-K 

Motors/ Aircraft 


Industrials A-D 

363 248 MtaHieu 
840 620 Bass 
65 38 Basinan 

144 IB BOOftTOBra 
508 37S BrovmlMaltrwl 
182 147 BMW (H P) 

500 4<B Buttonwood Brew 
513 410 cam (musm) 
970 S4D Oewnah (J A) 

340 44 135 40 155 

770 *-5 21.7 25 IM 

64 a *2 1 2 lB 117 

133 .1 46 3.5168 

167 *11 


340 ta-3 

508 405 Hatty* & Hansons £09 • 

91 89 HnjMsnp D*8 79 -1 

179 188 hwmonfefl ttefl 188 -1 

288 173 taohlMd 248 • .. 

114 77 Marion Thonnpw, ill 

251 217 Mound 247 

248 131 SA Breweries 155 -8 

234 1 83 SCM 6 NSW !?7 -2 

*2 1 2 lB 117 

-I 4 6 35 168 
.. 200b 39 187 

*10 7.0 *2 135 

.. 154 SB 160 

.. 10.7 2 1 20 6 

.. 180 IB 260 

-2 7B 40 1W 
*2 72 15 145 

-3 103 30 12B 

.. 250 4B131 

-1 25 3.7 ISO 

-1 65 43 102 

60 2.4 ■ ■ 

32 29 155 
B.1 17 13 J 

57D 356 Cookson 

80 32 CODMn (f| 73 

1!J 63’. Court 106 

425 331 Courtney Poo# 406 

81 40 Co* an be does 63 

174 121 &M IWJKHS0H 187 

221 156 Crown House 218 

216‘. 158 . Cvmwl 3 A £161'/ 

48 32 DSC 38 

315 207' OPCE 267 

305 JOB Bakjety g?. 

23 . IB*- Dana BI - 

80 48 Dairas 6 MM A 63 

225 ITS P»nes 6 m i .w b 230 • 

.. 11.1 35 IS* 

. 21 39 415 

45 43 1M 
.. 12S 33 130 

*1 32 5 1 261 

•1 65 4.1 136 

-.3 111 51 124 

•2 373 25 

:. H" 09 385 
+2 179 64 107 

540 353 Vain 405 

316 223 WhdUraad A' 2® 

318 228 DO "B" 783 

251 IBS WMMBOlw 233 

550 410 Womhmpin 6 D 546 

315 195 Young 'A' 275 

197 -2 105 8.1 11.7 

□8V .. 411 11 .. 

405 .. 184 46156 

290 • 11 I 68 134 

293 • . . 11.1 36 136 

233 B+3 106 45 20 9 

137 23 MB 
104 35 185 

132 92 bevy *g 

10'- 698 Oe La Rue CtOV ■ 

259 171 Dew *09 ■* 

200 1B8 Dentenu Stampmg ■ 

315 168 Dmouner ZB 

19'. 17- Off** HaM 17V .. 

371 225 Optoma 2® -*■ 

ice-. 83 mason Psm ’00 

110 98 Dorn 108 +1 

118 95 Donwron bit 111 •« 

150 25 Dw* «» *2 

97 Bl Dyson (J6J) 88 

Sb 72 Da A 78 

35 51 • 

145 55 70 

69 53 105 
47 1 45 130 

93 44 103 

,14 4 4 130 

104 35H0 
OS 34 197 
75 33 13B 

74 7.4 143 

71 67117 

75 7.1 ' 64 

57 65 214 
57 75 185 

81 56'- Drawer (NV) 

288 712 Valor 
540 233 ihckers 
WO W2 uoor Products 
195 120 V«mcn 

2C4M34'. WkMgm 

198 IIS WSL 

165 iSB wane Possnes 

225 156 wagon mo 
144 63 wafen ora Goes 
198 161 tvaonems 
375 239 WSOgwimj 
154 69 IM 

231 180 UMkxme 
*5\ 14V Waoman 
110 65 Wesund 
118 78 VHS» 

73 27 153 
IBS 42 125 
65 53172 

23 14 22.4 

221 -2 



323 • •• 

118 -2 

192 *2 

44V -1 



11.1 55 IBB 

15 14 19.9 

51 27 273 

143 44 105 
4.1 35 93 
35 16256 

.. 113 
43 55 253 
75 65 157 

295 ZlO Whitman Rtm 272 

124 82 Wnosaaa 104 

253 177 WtUWCfCh 220 

188 137 Wiikos (James) 162 

7a0 395 w*ams nogs 660 

160 120 (Ms Go 138 

596 426 WoUMey 533 

84 56 Wood (Artful 68 

44 25 Wood <SW) 37 

S3 43'.- woumnisa 6 Rat 78 
69 69 VVynonam Ena 09 

830 £03 Yarrow 790 

17B 135 Yeung (Hi 145 

*2 35 13 191 

. . 7 9 7.6 8.1 

| . 12-0 55 US 

. 96 59 105 

*10 17 1 2 6 274 

8 B 62 . 

> . 150b 24 17.1 

.. 36 53 172 

-1 14* 34 131 

-1 36 4 0 123 

-1 360 38 137 

200 35 211 
*3 4 7 32 144 

200 GtoWNRes 
28 Goat P« 

39 Gi wwwn HS3 
271 1C Get 
' 4 ICC CN 

34 moco 
11 KCA Drang 
88 LA5M0 
130 Do U"» 

18 Nw Loncon OF 
95 Pntiqcon 
23 Premier 
i 180 Ranger 
,' 43 Hoyal DiAcn 

I 653 Shen 
i 133 SkkOWie 
' is Sowne^n 
I' 12 '. TR Energy 
| 43 TncentrM 

I 90 Tnwi Eurepa 
1 165 Umamar 

275 -25 
30 -3 
57 #-2 

405 0+2 




25 +4 

103 *2 

1.4 47 113 
23 51 .. 
233 54 135 

43 368 36 
17 4 180 32 
142 952 

84 B0 139 


226 44 .. 
500 65 78 
8.6 54 247 
. 123 

71 142 22 
.. 122 
ISO 39 62 


i£S" p,od £ «| U jj 

M-R. ’ 2 . If g |1 

153 102" Elect* 1«, 60 42 

28-. 17 •- EWroM (AQ V £25'- .. ■ • ■- 

104 52 »on iB) 103 «-l 43 42 

2T- IB'- Eimati _ BO 

381 262 Engwn Qau Clay 20S -9 161 « 

20 1 - 19'. EncMOn |LM) B 03* *V 9 0 0.4 

1B4 ,34 ElUiJia House 145 r *5 OSD 03 

Industrial A-D 

Indnsriah SZ 




43 42 20-7 
139 BO ... 
131 44 134 


Manchester Ship 

EgEEg gi 

Please be sure to take account 
of any minos signs 

Weekly Dividend 


268 218 Abamsan Cons* 254 • 

297 213 Amec 266 +2 

64 52 AHW41S W 

177 125 Aitwoods 171 »*1 

550 331 BPO moiwnas 545 •-« 

377 284 BBSBWa^S B™* 345 • . . 

164 114 Barren Dans 140 -4 

27 22 BattyCBen) Conur ra +1 

182 128 BeDway 100 

91 65 Bonlon] concraw M 

83 85 Ban Bros O 

975 875 BUCUsys WO .. 

736 531 Bka C«la , „ -7 

275 235 BraaOnKCUud MB 27S 
91 61 Br Dradpng 78 

29 16 Biomi f Jaekion 26'/ 

110 55 BrwmOa 06 M-8 

132 84 Bryant 131 +1 

27 11 Bum* 8 HaMm 12'/ 

158 ISB CafcBOrsad Hooey 158 
117 85 CBmam-Rnadaiona 109 

105 60 Conan Grp i» -■ 

574 449 Conan 560 *6 

s a s *3 
a “ § -*■ 

104 63 Enh 100 •• 

91 75 Fob H -3 

71 54 DO 'A* 68 -3 

08 54 Holm Go 82 

gi BO GOAtford 87 

131 106 C«m 6 Dandy Ord *30 

380 254 QMWMti (MJ) 380 

113 95 HAT 1W -1 

246 56 Hefcal Bar 2*2 *12 

79 42 Hawaan^man 76 

252 149 heyvwodWtoa 
520 428 Hap 6 H* 585 
iW'/IM SSkJdnsi 174 4 -u 

430 265 Jjfws (J) 6 Son* 400 -is 

488 298 LangfA « 

484 2BS Do A' 482 -2 

122 78 Lawranoa IWMUd 118 

91 71 LJBeylFJC) 78 .. 

429 290 Low* (YJ) ■ 

196 126 Magna 6 South 178 - - 

308 178 Mmdsra JgJ, 

161 gjaM aii) IM ' 

a a g . 

a n s s • 

254 • 11/4 45 215 

266 *2 15.7 SB 14 4 

64 ..0.1 02 90 

171 «*1 6.1 18 15.7 

5*5 *-5 12B 24 16.1 

345 • .. 102 30 125 

140 -4 109 7B .. 

23 *1 . . a . . 40 

ISO 100 5.3 21.4 

M 1. M 5.1 IBB 

88 4.4 65 192 

920 .. 37.1 40 129 

523 -7 30 0 4.8 6B 

275 .. M3 60 28.1 

76 .. O SJ 1*3 

26'/ 654 

88 M-8 57 65 29B 

131 4-1 40 3.7 165 

12'/ 1A 

130 109 Monk (A) 

444 308 Mowlam (John) 
KO 798 Nswarthd 

/ 94V Enh 2‘Ai 
'.IflO'/Exdi IM 
95'/Ena> 1»V* 
w as'-TraaaCiO'JU 
/ SQL Each 2'r* 

/ 9YVEnh 101A6 
, BShiPund. Sh% : 
/M 6 A. 35 M 10 %., 
. flovmaa. 3% 
r97’/Traaa 12% 

. 92*/ Tim* 7*A 1 

- 9BV Enh 105*1. 

, 94VTraas CSPj% 

. 86'/Trana 3% 
e M'-Tnoa 9V» 
. 93' < Truss 11'/% 

- 05'/Trw* WAS 
/ 93'/ E*Ch 10% 
* 94'. Each 10 JAb 

- 78'. Each 2‘Afc 
. 84 1 / mas 3% 
/ 94 Bed. 11% 
'/ B*VTraa» 5% 

94'. Been 11% 
■/ 92>.Traas CB'Ak 
82'/ Truss 3% 
■-103'. Tinas tt% 
MOO Ext* 12'/% 

V 79VTIBW 8% 

V 89'. Trmas 8'|% 
•* 92'iTraaa 10% 

213 183 NoanfiWm 8w» 19B 

23* 118 Paiaanmon 
no 07 PhoanO Ttaftar 90 

395 5® gg** 3M 

672 448 RMC ™ 

482 3*0 nwaand «o 

323 108 RM»«« „ 301 

191 133'/ Rugby Oemant 164 

139 87 Sharp# 6 flanar 
8* 70 Snarl (J) S3 

516 342 Tarmac gj 

346 238'J Taywr Wmkiw 340 

188 1*0 T*«jiy GrOW>_ 10* 

433 836 Travis & Arnold 40 

■rtn 78 Tram - .*> 

188 138 TWlill : 100 

303 IBS VtrpM . 

290 246 WBKJ Z® 

78 58 Warrmgwi fH TO 

284 174 Wam Btak* 178 

82 87 Wa w a t n Bma 80 

278 iS wSaWragl I™ 

2,8 120 wanpay fOaorgs) 212 

280 M+1 


130 +3 

404 -2 




668 -2 

450 *1 


164*J -1*f 

.. 4.0 3 3 .. 

15 2* 150 
+6 243b 43 IQ* 

85 19 113 

*3 65 5.6 11.1 

. &S 17 IIS 

4 25b l.B 23.4 

. . 4.7 40 190 

-3 25 20 12-0 

_3 20 37 93 

7. 5.4 17 240 

63 70 1S1 

20 20360 

79 21 131 

-1 5.4 53 105 

*12 .. -.693 

14 32 134 
.. 90 30 190 

. . 19.4 30 180 

71 4.1111 

-15 250# 63 13.7 
-2 IDO 11 13 7 
.2 190 11 130 

52 4.4 9A 

55 71 101 

.. 102 1*151 

6.7 iB 182 
*1 118 *1170 

-2 5.4 40 235 

-2 70b 40 154 

*1 54a 5.1 .. 

. . 170 40 1*2 

+1 62 12 130 

14 54 .. 

*3 90 72 175 

-2 229 57 122 

.. 15.7 10 17* 

1 . . 90 4.7 1*0 

” 75 3*124 

40 40 34 

.. 114 40 84 

-2 200 30 145 

+1 165 37 142 

* 120 4.1 107 

-I*, 9.1 65 180 

.. 33 16190 

1 .. E3b 82 17B 
*8 134 17 200 

V. 120 IBIS' 

+2 76 4 6H1 

* 122 20 170 

" 1.8 21 92 

100 60 320 

.. 134 44 130 

.. 104 17 160 

.. 14 20 B0 

-3 &6 17127 

. 10 10 2*0 

*6 07 06 TIB 

*5 19 10 210 

♦3 54 15204 

28*- 19'. Ericsson ILM) 1 E23'» 

18* 13* Er**™ House 1*5 

177'zlW/ Eiaooaan Femaa 136/ 
140 112 Dt> 5*. Prf 133 

342 156 Evww 2*0 

220 127 Eapamn W 

415 315 EaMl 380 

55 22 Fatten 50 

43 26 Fanoe* Agnc M 3* 

143 106 Fenner pH) 132 

75 60 File indrwi 60 

628 408 Fauns 623 

07 35 Furwiaon 66 

124 84 Fkuevo C6W 96 

69 31*/ Fobai 54 

123 100 Fogany, 

41'/ 27'/ F<y*M Grrop N y 36.- 
199 157 Fomergdi 6 Harvey 191 

67 51 Francn (Tnomas) 62 

131 84 GE> bn 107 

38S 256 GKN 855 

310 280 GH 310 

118 60 Garmn Eng 106 

154 100 GesJemtr 15* 

,50 111 Cawes 'O \ 

11*. 758'/ O*«0 

344 19* Oynwed 332 

S05 325 Got«fl Hen *20 

182 107 Orairoon HMgS 1*8 

312 206 Granaoa 26* 

10*. S’- Gnwetiefl J • 

93 59'/ Hand Piecoun ® 


246 228 Atyngwerm 
18* 128 Arlhan Hum 
715 286 Amofagna 
198 110 Berkley Tech 
26 18V Can aw 
263 194 Condemn 
43 18 Cverawav 

27V 17 Equ>ty 6 Gan 
185 143 Ivory 6 Sm 
19* 153 Ma*Kfco 
78 72 Nil Home Loans 

95 93 DO 8% 

148 114 NewmarsM 


OB .. 



20 61 


40 50 




20 408 



4 8 203 


89b 40 260 


232 134 Had Eng 
162 126 Hah (M) 

205 190 Haana 
290 z» Hama 
39 25V Hampaon Md 

49 23 Hanenaa 
191 1*1 Hmon 
190 1*5 Do BS Cnv 

118 98 00 5^» PI 

124V116V Do 10% 

190 133 Kaigrawes 
248 1 75 Hand (Pnkp) 

9V -V 
85 • -• 


158 +3 

213 -6 

280 «+7 

36 V 

23 -1 

1B3 •*1 

£101 *2 

£ 121 V .. 

177 •♦! 

*S 050 03 139 

-I 68 50 101 

7.1 50 -- 
SO 2"J1 

* 2 JS-SISJ 

' 1 . W 60 si 

.. 7.1 5*200 

.. 50 83 17* 

7.9 1 3 27.7 

+3 10 15 ... 

I .. 56 50 70 

0 6 1.1 64 

-3 6.1 54 1*6 

. 20 55 65 

+2 12 5 65 140 

4.1 &6 

8* 79 130 

171 *8 110 

*6 -no 12 as 
50 4.7 80 
+7 11 1* Ilf 

4.7 34 158 
-C'4 15.7 10 260 

4 120 18166 

-10 150 38 181 

5 7 35 149 

*2 109 38 119 

22E 182 Abbey Uto 
26 - 22 AJer 6 Am 
20- 23 Am Gen 
360 223 BraOSOCk 
917 802 Brume 
336 228 Com Umon 
301 235 Earn, 6 U* 
431 213 FA1 
95* 701 Gen Acadant 
854 720 CHE 
70S 515 Hum C E 
3*9 267 Hogg Roareon 
288 231 Legal 6 Gen 
224 179 London S Man 
455 281 LonUBlnv 
68 - 29'. Marvi 8 MCLen 
285 220 Mmel 
348 223 PWS 
I5 > 12 PM* . . 

942 710 Prudential 
453 301 Beluga 
967 768 Roy* 

420 320 Sedgwick Gp 
424 346 SMrltl Wf ion 
445 400 stuga radgs. 
772 520 Sun Alkanca 
327 772 Sun Lila 
550 120 Trade Indanmay 
•7* 394 WAS Facer 

+1 90 51 .. 

.. 100 40 .. 

+V 09 0 32 . ■ 
+5 B 5 2.4 253 

416 47 .. 

+1 180 50 .. 

+2 96 3* .. 


+5 31 4 16 21.7 

+2 41 1 45 260 

. . 349 6.7 7 B 

+3 117 46 110 

s-2 1(7 42 119 

* .. 85 *2 BO 

+37 240b 54 12 ! 

• 220 5 6 . 

114 4.7 117 

31 Bonmnck 
,27 Cwaigrai 
77 Fnlav [James) 

325 Harmon Crostieva 
303 Intncape 
29'. Jacks rwmi 

163 Lonmo 
SI Ocesn WJson 
190 Paw son Zoch 
190 Do A 
128 PCy Pack 

30 Sene Darby 
558 Steel Brea 
61 Tow *em*iey 
153 Yu* Cano 

+2 07 1 3 14B 

100 70 IS 
I 59 7.1 151 

1-2 28.6 7 B 186 

25 S 70 292 
16 46 130 
-I 17 1 6 7 116 

*-, 54 78 81 

06 39 73 
-2 B6 39 70 
+2 75 4B 30 

229 4 1 120 

+7 810 

100 11 9.1 

07 74 51 
20 31 17 9 
120 5B 97 
64 4.1 110 
120 61 15.1 
2.4 09 30 9 

1.7D 4.7 133 

Financial Truata apporo on Paoe 20 


623 431 Hawker Sawlay W5 - 
150 92 Hawley Jis • 

190 81 May iNonnani JM 

221 140 Hepwonn Ccramc 218 ■ 

201 98 Henan '63 +2 

96 85 H«w« (J). __ » v 

142 122 tkgngam B Job 137 +2 

81 62 HOM Bra* 64 -1 

106 88 Mori uoyd 105 •+* 

285 148 Hoptomons MO • 

120 91 Howden 99 

15V 11% Hudson Bay D3V • 

310 23* Hurong Assoc 265 • 

115 88 Hunting Group 101 • 

286 207V Hutensn Whampoa 238 

191 119 Ml 1JJ 

315 211 WWon 230 

296 265 Jacksons Boane 265 
i23'i 96V jvdna Mam too 
615 473 Johnson COanen 580 
216 133 Johnson Unm 190 • 

44V 22V Johnson & FB 3SV 

330 235 Jonmaon 310 

140 86 Jones A Sheman 136 

132 87 Jouoan ITmaas) 115 
29 21. tubmaroo 
38 25 Kakm »' 

325 188 KaarnMnd^ 2» 

130 (05 Kennedy Sme*a 121 
298 230 Karroaw (A) 275 

215 123 KJMti-6-Za 215 

+1 57b 31 180 

*2 800 4* .. 

aa 70 .. 

0 12 

♦1 79 4011.7 

+18 12 1 *9 230 
-4 207 38 120 

17 10 91 
-10 54 3 D 325 

-3 100 4.7 1&2 

+2 BIB 17 190 
30 48 75 
+2 .. • .. 218 
-1 .. ..615 

+4 57 54 148 

i .. 1tt7 41 103 
.. 4B 40 90 
> .. 590 *5 -- 

, 114 40 82 

i . . 16 80 76 

70 40 14 7 
18 08*17 

86 30 140 

2B3 51 150 

36 10 129 

a . . 17 8 
107 35 121 
50 40 90 
50 40 150 
29el0.7 90 
1.7 58 203 
114 41130 

200 1.7 212 
21.4 75 230 

65 40 46.1 





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48 38V AKZON/VBaarar £*5 

208 160 Alaao catords wa 

413 2»i Amarsha nr 413 

247 180 Anchor Chemical 2*i 


i* ’S'/ Bayer OMSO «8'. 
13Z 102 aegdro 
iaa ill Bran* Chen* 1H 

100 57V Br Bern* 

,36 82 Canning (WI JJJ 

291 2*5 CoaHa 291 

,63 1» Co*?* 

155 112 00 A 155 

zo 15 Cory (Horace) » 

,83 127 Cinda 1» 

131 100 DO Djd I* 

245 172 aiaAEvararfl 2W 

133 111 Evade 125 

238 215 Foseeo-Mkiaap 
ibb 113 Haioteed pamaa) IM 

453 338 Hickson *30 

ioiv 72% Hoaron oaoj ga 

10 '- 734 np Cham bid 998 

410 333 Uixxta 3“ 

232 179 Phil 
as 62 Raaoroi* MHO* 

Si i re S 

140 87 Yortudw* Cham 133 

♦V 400 83 
+0 30 10 210 

1+5 100 14 180 

.. 6.1 15 140 

ESSV +T- 7BB 8.1 .. 

130 -2 100 70190 

152 +0 80 30 170 

MB * 2 . 11 *0 1*8 

b ’s aia 

155 +4 60 40 90 

17 .. 00 50 57 

158 .. 100 85 18.1 

,2c • 13-' 

208 *2 OB 40 110 

125 -1 40 17 115 

2S- -7 120 5.1 '“3 

IBB .. 1« 30120 

43S .. HA 3011.1 

M6 +17 47*1 47 11 "l 

388 .. «0 3.1 160 

107 +1 .64 50 150 

232 • IB 17 197 

Bl q+10 30 44 *0 

144 +1 15 24 110 

227 -1 .... -• 

84 -1 . . 800 

ZZS .. 11.1 49 250 

Tsj .. 40 30120 


433 328 Grand M el MO ^ 1 „ 7 

™ “a iS ^ re’ SS 170 


100 78V Mounl Cheriotm . B*v +2 20 130 

4jB Wi aroy HOMS -A aro -- ^ ,50 

209 148 Tmmnquso Forte 161 -1 70 40 150 


770 178 Angba TV A 
52 27 GrampWn 

240 178 HTV N/V 
388 263 LWT HMgs 
3SO 188 Scot TV^A -1 
280 163 TVBN/V 
46 31 TSW 

280 *-5 119 50 116 

49 -Z 20 50 7.1 

218 -2 11.4 50 90 

an 3 210 60 >40 

S .. 150 40110 

258 -2 120 50 120 

45 . 20 50 114 





18 1 




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280 178 AAH _ 2« 

239 194 AGB HesMrtJl 2M 

127 95 AMI '1* 

671 615 A PV B1| 

110 80 Aaromon 

258 172 Adwesi ^ 

343 207 Aiwwwa w%ear MS 

275 130 Ambarjnd ^ 

403 170 Appieaora I® 

47 32 Arenson « 

32 23 Armour 

440 356 Aan 6 Lacey 440 

91 52 AShkw » 

440 255 ASS Br Eng 8% 440 

83 37V Aurora a fr 

373 263 Avon Rubber 356 

89 43 Ayrarai* MeM “ 

289 138 »A 04 

450 863 BET DM 440 

es 87 BETEC IT 

888 277V BOC 3« 

3 S *■ 

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•23 280 Burrfironl 3® V 

110 216 B»*r PJJMI6 »« •-* 

210 128 ftnm Ind '» 

174 112 Bwnam Jg _ V 

*» ™ SSlSSLn ^ 'ft 

24B -5 10.1 41 195 

J09 08 4 8 214 

ilB .. 80 69 133 

0,1 I! 16B 17 110 

93 .. 00 15 100 

228 +2 110 49 145 

3 X 86 2 6 200 

245 • Ill 49 114 

190 #+5 *0 f-f 'g-* 

42 05 14 85 

27V -V 00 1.1 140 

& 280 16 120 

gn *2 -- 444 

440 +25 11/4 U .. 

67 _| 14 11 104 

358 .. 80 24 118 

60 20 40 60 

a* +1 20 10*11 

440 .. 210 50 170 

77 ..16 14'04 

]U +4 141 *0 ”9 

318 -3 80 27 210 

183' +10 100 60 134 

16V +'* -■ ,7 ° 

MS ..185 51 121 

288 V-3 117 17 05 

38 22 LOH M -• 

317 241 Lap S61 • v 

323 218 Land ^ ? 

75 *2 l— Mb . . 

77 41 LnalArdM) ™*r • v 

34 18 Ldecare .21 -*3 

113 68 LMesnal 1 W 

85 64 Uraead M 

68 53 UoyO (FH) _ ■ 

35 23V LOCkar ID .S' 

230 179 Lon Miilend 1W 

135 » Do Djd 1W ■, 

78 »V Lon 6 Ntrn 74 V +6 1 

227 159 Lon MB 205 

228 134 Longnn tad 213 

480 319 Low B Boner 

50V 32 MY (tart _ « ' 

393 255 Maonms Prorm MO 

160 121 Madartane i*J 

79 *3 Madaban (PSW) SB -7 

288 IBS McKaennq 226 -6 

125 78 Magnoka 1™ v 

695 *95 Mancnenar 

7B 52 Manganese Bronze 69 -5 

143 85 MarSwi Itiwtay) IM -3 

es 65 uarwaas (taw 72 

863 380 MMOT* «JS - 

805 525 Hotel Bo* ™ *-'0 

194 128 Meal CkMuws 'JJ j* 

91 55 Menu™ 51 

7BV 6i Mdene* Cons •• 

125 70 usoie* Somem 120 • . . 

198 153 Mofcns _ . . 1Z* 

318 212 Morgan CrudDIB 290 -3 

42 20 / Noooseno 35' 

216 158 NB* p| 173 

41 28 Newman tads 37 . 

153 92 Newman Tonus 152 • . . 

130 86 Nome 5 Lond 122 *5 

65 43 Ncaon JS 

289 186 Norcras V9 -• 

258 203 Otkco Elea Mach 233 -2 

448 247 Parker Kno* 'A' *18 -3 

3*5 223 Park Ptaca 333 

940 525 PSmsnJT 9*0 ■ 

603 383 Pearson 5M -2 

27 11 PW ,19- 

,35 88 Peerless «23 

874 332 Pegtar-Haoeraiey 6« ■ 

10V2M Bundandlnd 970 -00 

,* 775 PrmtoJAe £13 - • 

483 311 fttog w . «* *•? 

98 SI Pla»c ConMT 81 

365 195 Porous^ |I9 

323 215 Porter Chaflbum 300 -3 

314 238 Powai Duibyn 312 +4 

164 95 Pragw HWB* lB . . 

131 58 PmeharoSam 1» 

too f 19 RHP T7J +0 

1“ 125 RadUniMettl 158 +0 

589 421 Rank Org - SW 

228 n5 Ranaoma Stats . 194 -Z 

.. 00 14211 

79 30250 
+2 16 3011.J 

-2 360 51 73 

33 47 100 

+0 ... 160 

.. 32 12 190 

36 45 84 
. 36 50191 

1.9 69 100 

140 72 110 

+6V 7.4 90 130 
6.6 32 172 
17 17 161 
136 19 15* 
.. 11.IB 18 219 
+1 0 7 00 162 

14 30 133 
138 16 IBS 

30 14 196 

-7 21 49 103 

-6 1430 60 119 

49 4 0 110 

+5 6.6 10 230 

-5 40 62 81 

13 2 7 102 

-3 50 36 107 

29 *0 176 

HO 10219 
> -10 27 1 38 106 

-8 90 7.0 207 

+1 32 40 10B 

61 97 6* 

I .. 50 *6 121 

.. 113 60 90 

-3 111 40 160 

Ola 03 184 
.. 100 50 62 

11 30 56 1 
► 100 66 127 

+5 10 00 394 

14 20618 

130 40 120 

-2 121 02 90 

-8 150 08 150 

95 20 280 

553 -2 1*0 16 115 

19'. - • 46-4 

(23 9 On 70 186 

819 216 46 '32 

970 -00 2.1 02 275 

£13 .. TS 08 337 

408 •-* 193 *7 217 

81 -2 40 *0 142 

315 -5 105 30 116 

300 -3 15 0-5 

312 +4 21 7 7 0 164 

122 1.0 08 214 

125 • .. 16 20 353 

,73 +6 64 37 120 

174 n2 Barium 

485 180 Bartow Rand 

305 180 Barton Transport 2» 

32 21 Beynas iChertaa) SB 

241 138 Beamon Ctaitt M 

9 * ^400 
15.0 7/4 -- 

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160 6>1'2 
200 S-i 

216 50 ™ 

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139 5.1 •• 

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25.0b U M 90 63 

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280 ■ ■ 2S.Te 90 16 

M 106 60 .. 

208 .. 10.7 5.1 140 

M SB 64 80 

234 -2 10 2.8 169 

4S a +9 17.1 f 19 16.1 

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228 115 Rannoma StaK 194 -2 7 1 37 1S.7 

138 98 fUxUUta BrMgrt^ ■■ IS, In 

900 605 Fjackai 4 Cftanan M2 +3 K0 20 180 

245 118 Redleam GlASS 2J6 m*7 2B .13 11D 

343 200 Reed Ehcum M . 64 19 150 

10-/649 Reed W riOVB.. 3|1 11140 

173 132 RNytn 1™ _ S'® 'H 

9, 57 HenOM 72 •-! ^9 40 90 

35 =51 SSS? f J- -jj! 

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152.95 Robertson Res . 191 -7 16 18 109 

233 229 Bamtard (S6W) 231 

148 65 Banstants 1W 

136 IDO Bespak 1» 

510 214 BasWOaB *jg 

620 310 ■m 

a a tsa. 01 . a 

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200 105 Blnran^iam Mmi 88 

174 147 Black Arrow 1*7 

258 178 Buck IPetar) 2*0 

62 35 Blackwood Hodge Si 

400 189 Btad Arrow 3E 

m 2S5 Bo3S?!taConned 383 

174 1*7 Black Arrow 1*7 

258 178 Buck IPeart 

*s a £ -i; 

W 266 BoolS'kfcConnen TO 

oga 220 Boots V a ■ 

21 8V BoJkta (Wm) *1 ./-■ 

383 258 Bowiter 31| +2 

22V IS- BftWWfc SJI" + * 

123 75 BrabhwaUi Grp JW 

383 323 Brammer \ 

% a, asa- l 3 

a a J * 

a a grewAppi :: 

♦2 70 1* 90 

+6 II 40 70 

-5 EE 1.7 202 

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-1 61 41 M0 

80 4.7 110 

84 4.4 12.4 

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+3 171 40 166 

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330 . . 17 9 54 1*0 

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O -3 05 iaa; 

170 +3 7.1 *0 100 

M8 7. 7.* 30 114 

iS , . 1.4 1.1 650 

203 0+3 11 1 If 120 

343 i5i Roeaiaon [Thomas) TO 
55 30 Rockwere « 

150 128 Ropier 136 

148 122 Do A IK 

3 OV Rotaprint *- 

182 116 Hotorte JM 

130 96 Russel (A) 

38 17 
274 214 
99 H 
90 49 

528 373 
141 103 
Iffi 120 

170 94 

164 124 
154 114 
164 B9 
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136 75 
153 1S3 
930 703 
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41 30 

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321 11 140 

16 39 137 
29 40 90 

67 63 13B 

40 00 370 
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100 1 6 180 

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145 34 BranagRM to* ™ -* 

29 15 BroraEng 29 -- 

49 25 Braaha Tod 40 

190 154 Brawn 8 T««6 1™ •+* 

» 19 Brawn (Mm) M ■■ 

73 48 1 Bnunom (Mud JO -3 

303 200 BulouOi 290 +4 

262 138 Burges s 2*2 +2 

83 59 Bum-Andanon 74 m 

me 58 Gamtord Eng 97 *1 

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Sfi GG Cape M 73 • . 

406 2S3 Cando Eng 385 

107 56 Casings 105 • ■ ■ 

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92 45 CH tad 87 B+3 

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280 163 Owner Cone 253 • -• 

610 $16 Cnemring 570 

358 265 ChnsMs hit 2M ■ 

66 36 Qubit Hunt 51-2 
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143 96 Ctoyon Son 1» 

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112 71 COrtaW* 106 

57 26 Cent Sotnnsry • 57 S 

190 74 GOdk (With 190 

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606 421 Br Aerospace *» 

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71 29 BL *J 

273 168 Calfyns ™ 

197 79 Coww lT| ]9g 

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189 ,25 Fort Motor 172 

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296 23* General Motor 

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100 12 90 



If you are about 
to invest for 

ca pital growth 
listen to the 


Edited by Loma Bourke 


Your big Telecom teaser |® 







To find out ■which markets and 
sectors currently offer, the best, 
investment opportunities, 

■ telephone Targec, and listen. - 

01-831 6373 




TargetGroupPLC.7/9 Breams Buildings, London EC4A1EU 

How you 

Thousands of British Telecom 
shareholders this weekend 
must be feeling like lovers 
whose steamy courtship has 
been interrupted by a blazing 

Last Monday their prize 
investment — for many of 
. them their first foray into the 
stock market — turned sour on 
.them and slumped by 19p to 
198p, their largest one-day 

Those shareholders who 
were allocated the maximum 
800 shares when BT was 
privatized in late 1984 saw the 
■value of their share portfolios 
slump by £152. fn aJL around 
£1.2 billion was wiped ofTBTs 
market capitalization. Since 
touching a peak of 278p on 
April 2, BT shares have lost a 
quarter of their value. 

But like those plate-throw- 
ing scenes which serve to 
remind us that no love is 
perfect, Monday's sharp fall 
might have taught sharehold- 
ers a lesson well worth reraem- 
jbering — that share 
investments are potentially 

-.i_r * a. — 

240 1“- 

230 ;-T 

■■ 220 -5i 



200 h 1 * 


Sorting the BT share applications: Now the price is sorting itself out 

f? 1 . 

I.* : N 


The absence of stockbrokers 
during Royal Ascot, Henley, 
Wimbledon and Cowes Week 
is trailed out seasonally as an 
explanation for low market 

It is doubtful whether much 
of this got through to BTs 
prospective shareholders dur- 
ing the euphoria of the float. 

The political necessity to 
ensure that the issue, the 
largest ever on the London 
Slock Exchange, was a howl- 
ing success meant that the 
nation was bombarded with a 

risk)' things, subject to a wide 
variety of influences ranging 
from the obvious, such as a 
change in a company's pros- 
pects, to the seemingly absurd. 
- Ask the seasoned stock mar- 
ket reporters who speak to 
jobbers and brokers several 
times a day and they will 
happily regale you with exam- 
ples of the excuses they hear 
for the market's behaviour. 

Buoyant market 
from day one 

for the market's behaviour. 

These can range from the 
outlook for interest rates to 
the political stability of the 
Philippines or the pronounce- 
ments of the favourite Ameri- 
can economic guru of the 

huge public relations hype 
designed to widen the much 
vaunted “share-owning” de- 
mocracy as much as possible. 

At the same time the flota- 
tion price was kept low 
enough to ensure a healthy 
oversubscription, and the in- 
stitutions were deliberately 
starved of stock in the alloca- 

tion, thereby ensuring a buoy- 
ant market from day one. 

am market Jrom day one. 

The shares'' were priced at 
130p but investors needed to 
find only a 50p down pay- 
ment. And there were added 
incentives in the form of 

telephone bill vouchers or 
bonus shares. 

For the Government and 
shareholders, the issue got off 
to a start that was hard to beat 
An opening day premium of 
48p ensured quick profits of 
up to £380 for investor who 
sold immediately. With the 
help of a rising market, BT 
shares continued to make 
good progress until in fully 
paid form they peaked in 

Since then a number of 
factors — business, political 
and economic — have com- 
bined to send BT shares 
sliding back to less than £2. 

The firsl has been a realiza- 
tion that Mercury, BTs rival 
telepehone network, is going 
to prove far more troublesome 
than originally thought. 

Dismissed at first as a flea 
on an elephant's back. Mercu- 
ry now looks like being a 
powerful competitor for the 
lucrative business end of the 
telecommunications market. 

The second reason — and 
the one that sent BT shares 
reeling last week - was a 
growing fear that a Labour 
government would renational- 
ize the company, paying 
shareholders cost price for 
their shares. 

Although this possibility 
was dearly stated in the 
original offer prospectus, a 
Sunday newspaper report out- 
lining Labour's plans, includ- 
ing tbe alternative of 
conversion into non-voting 
bonds, brought the topic to 
mind once again. 

Enthusiasm for BT shares 
had also b een d ampened by 
fears that OFTEL, the watch- 
dog set up to keep an eye on 
BTs practices, was so opposed 
to some of the giant firm’s 
pricing policies that it might 

The roaring force 
has now died down 

seek a change in the price 
control rules laid down by 

However, fears in this direc- 
tion were largely quelled in a 
speech deliver ed on Wednes- 
day by the OFTEL director 
general. . Professor Bryan 
Cars berg, who said he would 
look only to modify BTs 
licence if its prices reached 
exorbitant levels. His remarks 
helped the shares rebound to 
208p on Thursday. 

Finally, the roaring force 
that propelled the stock mar- 
ket to giddy heights in April 

appears -to have died down; 
dampening the enthusiasm for 
equities in general. Neverthe- 
less. BT shares have seriously 
underperformed the market 
for some lime. 

An investment of £1.000 a 
■ year ag o in stocks making up 
the FT all-share index would 
have yielded £1,310 today, 
while the same amount in BT 
shares would have left you 
with just £940. 

So should you hang on to 
your BT shares? The first 
point to remember is that, 
despite the recent fall, they 
have still provided a worth- 
while return on the issue price 
of 1 30p, especially as this was 
payable by instalments. 

* in addition, investors who 
opted for bonus shares which 
they are due to pick up in 
November 1987 rather than 
telephone bill vouchers are 
going to get the worst of both 
worlds if they sell out now. 

, According to BT-watcher 
Jack Summerscale, of stock- 
brokers de Zoete & Bevan, it 
all depends on how you rate 
the political risk attached to 
BT. in his view, the. recent 
price slump - has made the 
shares a good bet — at today's 
price they are cheap, he says — . 
and the speech by Professor 

Carsberg made him even more ■ 
enthusiatic. • - v 

But -as Mr Summerscate 
admits, assessing tbe political , i- 
outlook is particularly diffi-r , 
cult for those of us who do not y: : . 
have daily access . to* r.. 
swingometers. Even if Labour 
does win the next election; .... 
renationalizing BT may slip; 
down its list of priorities or,!? 
even disappear altogether. - . 

“My own .judgment is that: -, 
the political risk is not as great:. 
as the scare stories that have- » 4 
been' surfacing in the past two-, v 



Labour aiming at 
-British Gas flotation 1 

■=. ; 


r ; v ■* 

r'ff ■ 

weeks." said.. r ; Mr- - . 

He believes.the latest fluny 
of activity' from -Labour tnajn 
be aimed more at trying, to 
upset tbe float of British Qas 
later in the year than at laying 
down the plans for a future'*- 
Labour government. • • ■ 

If the big financial instim-.V 
tions ibllow his advice, BT; -- 
sharescould be on the way upr^ 
again. But tbe message to BT 
shareholders is clear - noting 
ing is safe in the stock market ■ . 

Richard Landed 

The Equitable has recently had an Educa- 
tional Trust established (with all the tax advan- 
tages of charitable status), that^ designed to save 
you thousands of pounds on public school fees. 

For example, a single contribution of 
£8,485.80 could, after 10 years, provide 
£48,852 worth of school fees* in total over tbe 
following 7 years. 

At a saving of 82%. 

Or you may prefer to spread the cost by 
making regular contributions. Either way if 
you’re thinking of putting your child's name 
down for public school, put his name down for 
an equitable School Fee Trust Plan. Cut out he 
coupon orphone01-606 6611 fordetails. 

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Tin Tbe Equitable Life, FREEPOST, 4 Coleman Street, London EC2B 2JT 
Fd welcome further details on your school fee plans, financing ebon by: 
□ A capital sum; □ Spreading tbe cost over a pencuL 

(UK tendon* only) 

Nunc (Mr/MiVMiu) 

Cover, sir? Certainly, but do you have Aids? 



You can hardly pick up a 
newspaper or turn on the 
television these days without 
seeing something about Aids. 
You cannot even fill in an 
application for life insurance 
without seeing something 
about it either. 

From the start of this month 
60 leading life insurance com- 
panies are including a specific 
question about Aids — ac- 
quired immune deficiency 
syndrome — in their applica- 
tion forms. It reads: “Have 
you received medical advice 
or treatment or had a blood 
test in connection with Aids or 
an Aids-related condition?" 

/ v * 


| Founded 1762 BKM6E | 

i The Equitable Life i 

Lh mm bK>u gain because we're different, — h J 

This is the format suggested 
by the Association of British 
Insurers to cope with what the 
insurance industry sees as a 
real, and growing problem. 
Not every company is adher- 
ing to it. 

Insurance companies in the 
United States are already dis- 
covering that the amount of 
money paid on deaths of Aids 
victims is four or five times 
the normal amount. The clear 
implication is that Aids vic- 
tims are insuring themselves 
up to the hilt in the knowledge 
that the disease is, at present, 
often fatal So it is little 

wonder that British insurers 
are getting worried about it 

On the other hand, asking 
specific questions about Aids 
raises a host of questions, for 
insurers, applicants and the 
doctors who do medical ex- 
aminations for life companies. 
If you answer “Yes” to the 
insurance question, the com- 
pany will demand a blood test 
According to the Aids experts, 
only about 10 per cent of the 
people who show positive 
reactions to an Aids blood test 
develop the disease, but there 
is no way of ascertaining who 
the unlucky one out of 10 will 

Many Aids experts also 
reckon that within 10 years or 
less, something like a third of 
the adult population will carry 
the Aids HTVL3 virus, al- 
though many will never actu- 

ally develop the disease. What 
are the insurers going to do 
about it? If the statistics are 
correct, they could, on current 
attitudes, find themselves go- 
ing out of business. 

They have three options. 
They can turn down an Aids 
virus-carrier flat, they can 
“defer" an application for a 
number of years, or they can 

Names will go on 
the blacklist 

take the risk with an extra 
loading on the premium. 

Leading life companies such 
as the Prudential and the 
Norwich Union say they are 
going to defer an application 
for five years, which means 

they turn it down, but may 
look at it again. 

Meanwhile, the unfortunate 
applicant's name will go on 
the infamous life-insurance 
“blacklist", to which many 
companies have access. A 
person turned down by one 
-life company will find it 
difficult, if not impossible, to 
get insurance with another. 

The British Medical Associ- 
ation is not happy, at the way 
insurers are writing Aids 
clauses into their life-insur- 
ance proposal forms. Appli- 
• cants have no right to know 
why they are being turned 
down*. Also, the mere fact of 
being asked for a blood test 
may worry applicants into an 
early grave. 

It is seldom the applicant's 
own doctor who conducts an 
insurance medical. As the 
examining doctors are paid by 
the insurance company, they 

are generally held to be re- 
sponsible to it, not to the 

Dr John Dawson, of the 
BMA, says: “I always suggest 
to doctors that they show a 
copy of their report to the 
applicant, and the applicant 
can then- choose whether or 
not it is sent in." 

Insurance medicals, howev- 
er, are a rather grey area and 
how helpful the doctor in 
question will be may depend 
on which side of the bed begot 
out of that morning, or wheth- 
er he likes the colour of your 

Canying the Aids virus 
does not mean you will neces- 
sarily develop tbe disease — 
but it does mean that you may 
not be able to get insurance on 
your life. . 

One London GP I talked to 
this week told me: “I have a 

‘People should not 
take blood test 9 

lot of people in my surgery 
asking for the Aids blood test 
Frankly, I try to dissuade 
them from having it because 
of the insurance angle. 

•"I had a leading 
venereologist at our practice 
lunch the other day and he 
pointed out the reasons why 

people should novtakea blood 
test .If it's positive, you can't — 
do anything about if at the-* - 
moment because there is no 
known cure. And the Act that 77 * 
you have had a blood test 
means you have' to tell the 
insurance company when you 
apply for life cover; otherwise 
-the insurance may prove 
invalid. ..... 

“So far the life companies" V 
are asking you only if you 
have had a test or any treat- 
ment, so even if you think you I; 
may have the virus you clearly 
shouldn't have a test 1 suspect 
the insurance companies will - v 
be demanding blood tests as a . 
matter of course before too 
long.” • . 

At present the' insurance 1 * 
companies say this would be 
too expensive. None of them 
has included Aids, pre- ]i 
emption clauses in their con- 
tracts — so far. ;C 

In the United States some " 
companies have started chare- 
ing single men over a certain 


age a higher premium based 
on the finding that the inci- 
dence of Aids has been highest 
among homosexuals. On this 
side of the Atlantic, insurers 
are just beginning to think 
about the problem. 

Maggie Drummond . > 


Gilts stiO offer a return of around 9 a year— 
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Go West, it’s still good value 


The Americans have made 
sure that no one in the .world’s 
share markets is going j 0 
‘Oiwit Independence Day 
1 986. After a long weekend of 
celebration the market traders 
of Wall Street nursed their 
hangovers on an unsavoury 
diet of collapsing share prices. 
' The Dow Jones average fell 
more than 61 points on Mon- 
day,- wiping 3 per cent off 
snare values in a single ses- 
sion. Reverberations were felt 
around the world. The British 
market dropped the following 
day. More than £5.4 billion 
was lost from share values in 
the City, the European mar- 
kets fined badly and even the 
sturdy Japanese lost more 
than 200 points in a day. 

So. is it the end of the bull 
market? Apparently noL Even 
before the FT 30-Share Index 
picked up towards the end oT 
this .week most investment 
advisers were saying that 
America has a long way to go 
yet “We are still bullish," says 
Bob Yerbury, manager of 
Perpetual’s American Growth 
fund. “There was no question 
that the market was over- 

• 1 Month (114 FUnd») 

TR American Growth 
GAM North America 
Holbom Nrth American 
Lawson. American Growth 
Sentinel American Tech 
F&C US Major Companies 
Royal Life US Growth 
Thornton N .American Gth 
Royal London Amer Gwth 
Raiding American & Gen 

Sector avenge' 

1 Month 

Britannia American Gwth 
Britannia Amer Sml Cos 
Cfarican Med Amer Gwth 


Prices are otter to Otter 

extended and ripe for a 

Investment managers and 
brokers remain calm, despite 
the few market “gurus" who 
left their offices a week ago on 

. Thursday as bulls and came 
back on Monday as bears. It 
was the gloomy economic 
prognostications of'acknowl- i 
edged New York "wise men” 
that sent shares down, ai- : 
though the more substantial 
reasons were already appreci- : 

Analysts had expressed con- 
cern for some time about 
sluggish economic growth, 
and the high level of American 
interest rates. Nevertheless, 
there is relief that a down- , 
ward turn has come at last 
“The fall is a genuine correc- 
tion in prices which have risen : 
almost in a straight line from 
1300 last September,” says 
Richard Henderson, 'of Hen- 
derson Administration. 

Martin Lister at Save & 
Prosper would agree, adding 
that he is “looking to a much ( 
higher market within the next j 
year”. He says: “Once the j 
Dow Jones index is around i 
the 2,100 level well have to \ 
start looking where to go." . i 


Currant Value of MOO to 1st July 1986 

1 Year (96 Funds) 

TR American Growth 167.4 I 

Royal London Amer Gwth 142.9 I 

Sun Lite American Gwth 135.7 , 

New Court America 134.5 , 

Sun Life American Inc 131.6 I 

Baffle American 130.4 l 

GT US & General 130.0 I 

GAM Norm America 129.9 < 

BG America 129.7 I 

Gartmore Hedged Amy 128.7 I 

Sector avenge* 11719 ! 

American-invested unit 
trusts have fallen quite sharply 
this week. The Dow Jones 
index is down more than 5.S 
per cent since Tuesday, and 
funds have followed. Just how 
far depends on a number of 
factors. For example, the type 
of stock held is crucial; “small- 
er companies” funds have not 
been hit too haro. They were 
not showing be biggest gains 
before the falls, and investors 
sold elsewhere to protect 

Funds where the managers 
had converted a significant 

The currency is also 
a vital factor 

proportion of their holding to 
cash in expectation of a de- 
cline have also done better. 
But in general, if you had 
money in an American fund 
you have probably lost about 
5 per cent of it in four days. 

The currency in which the 
cash is held is also vital The 
dollar has been weak of late, 
and Mr Lister has taken the 
precaution of hedging a quar- 
ter of his funds into sterling, 
though he believes the time 
will shortly come when he will 

3 Years (S5 Funds) 

M&G American A General 
S&W American 
Abbey American Growth 
Alfiea Dun Sec of Amer 
Baring First N America 
Murray American 
Hambros North American 
GRE North American 
Oppenhelmer Amer Gwth 
Brawn Shiptoy Nth Amar 

Sector average* 

1 Year 

92.6 Sentinel American Tech 
91 a Lawson American Gwth 

91.0 Britannia Amer SmU Cos 

90.7 Henderson Amer Recvry 

89.0 Canada Growth 

100.9 Target American Eagle 
100.3 Britannia Amer SmU Cos 

99.6 Hdetity Amer Spec Sits 
96.3 GT Technology & Gwth 
79.5 Sentinel American Tech 

Mot Income Rabnmoted 
Source: Planned Savings 





The cultural revolution 
20 years on 




Drugs: the reality and the myths 


Will Sugar turn sour? 


Preview of next week’s big fight 



On course 

for number one 


CiJffifcV Bet ty Kenward, Society’s Maradona 


want exposure to the dollar 

Our lable shows how pain- 
ful it can be to accumulate a 
gain in unit trusts. Over the 
month to July 1 the unit prices 
generally moved sideways and 
down a little. In the short and 
medium term America has 
been a good home for money. 
But next month’s statistics 
should make fairly unpleasant 
reading for investors recently 
committed to the United 
States, unless, of course, the 
market has managed to climb 
back up over its 1 , 900 -point 

For some, the lower pricing 
for shares is inevitably associ- 
ated with bargain buys. “I’m 
already beginning to nibble at 
some stocks,” says Mr 

Investing at the bottom and 
selling at the top is the ideal of 
every investment manager. 
There is, however, some dis- 
agreement as to where the 
bottom actually is. By Thurs- 
day the Dow Jones was al- 
ready improving from its low 
around 1.800, yet some bro- 
kers expect the average to dip 
back down again before pick- 
ing up its skirts and running 
for new heights. 

One New York dealer said: 
“The time to invest is 1,750. If 
the market rises again before 
that, ! guess we could expect 
another downward 

correction.” Mr Henderson 
estimates that SO per cent of 
the business done on Wall 
Street is “short-term, for a 
quick profit". He says: “That 
amplifies the moves of the 
market, both up and down, h 
creates inefficiencies in the 
pricing of shares and provides 
opportunities for the long- 
term investor to acquire 
shares cheaply." 

His optimism is typical of 
American investment advis- 
ers. But for those who buy and 
sell shares there is often a 
happy coincidence between 
optimism and good business. 

Martin Baker 

The bare facts of 
a fallen fund 

The experience of investors in 
EJectra Risk Capital 1 Fond, 
which this week reported that 
an original investment of 
£2300 is now worth only £873, 
highlights the risk of business 
start-up investment. 

Electra Risk Capital 1 Fund 
was the first and largest of the 
Business Start-up Schemes 
bunched, raising around £8.6 
million from investors after its 
launch in 1981. Like its 
isncessor, the Business Expan- 
sion Scheme, the BSS gave tax 
relief on investments. The bare 
facts about this fund make 
alarming reading; 

• Of the 32 companies invest- 
ed in by the fund only 12 
remain. The others have gone 
into liquidation or been sold 
for a nominal ammount. 

• The £8.6 million of invest- 
ments have now been reduced 
by the liquidations and sales to 
£33 million. 

• Investors purchased shares 
in lots of £.2500. These shares, 
as a proportion of the remain- 
ing investment, are now worth 
£873. If the investors wanted 
to sell them the managers 
would pay £785. In either case, 
even taxpayers who got relief 
at 60 per cent are snowing a 
net loss on their investment. 
Compare this appalling situa- 
tion with the original prospec- 
tus for < the food which 
contained just one projection 
of its performance, showing 
what would happen to the 
value of the shares if they 
•achieved a compound growth 
of 20 per cent per annum. 
Incidentally, the prospectus 
also stipulated that the compa- 
nies to be selected “will be 
expected to have strong and 
effective management". 

• The Inland Revenue is 
disputing the BSS status of the 

largest remaining investment 
in the fond, which represents 
more than a fifth of the 
outstanding fund. 

• The managing director of 
the fund managers, Gordon 
Dean, resigned in December 
1983, apparently’ to pursue 
other interests. He subse- 
quently received a golden 
handshake of around £50,000. 

• The full board, whose job it 
was to select the nltimate 
investments, included well 
known names such as Sir 
Terence Conran, formerly 
chairman of Habitat. 

• A second fund launched by 
Electra — Electra Risk Capital 
2 - invested in a number of the 
companies in the first fund 
which ultimately went into 
liquidation or were sold off for 
nominal sums. The manage- 
ment company, responsible for 
these investments is a subsid- 
iary of the Electra Investment 
Trust which is highly respect- 
ed for its investment in unquot- 
ed companies. 

Michael Stoddart, chair- 
man or the fund managers, 
said this week: “I do believe 
that we have some extremety 
interesting investments left in 
the fund. There is no question 
that things have gone wrong. 
But we are doing our absolute 
damnedest to make sure that 
the effects are mitigated. We 
do feel a very strong moral 
obligation towards the 

Of (he second Electra fund 
money that went into first fund 
companies which failed he 
says: “We had a genuine belief 
that with additional capital 
they would have gone well." 

Lawrence Lever 





32 1 ** 





GibupfWi 1 M»yi ah 



The Shadow Chancellors possible “panacea’ for all 
ills includes reflation, renationalisation, wealth tax and 
capital repatriation. 

If you have capital, your standard of living could be 
seriously affected. But there are steps that you can take 
now that will provide protection against this. For a 
personal financial report, just complete and return the 

It’s not too late 
but it soon could be!! 

■ To: Investment Portfolio Services Ltd., 

I 15 Manchester Square, London WIM* 5AE. 
j Tel: 01-486 0177 

| Naim- Tel No — 

I Addtvss 

Tax rate- 

.Amount available for investment. 

jjNirtfiilii) valuation 





T'tf.86 | 


Invest now and win a free 
weekend in Paris 

(as if 1,588% growth over 10 years 
isn't incentive enough) 

MLA General has 
consistently given 
investors high growth 
- in fact an average of 
over 30% per annum 
growth in investment 
value for the past 10 

It also came out on 
top of its sector as it . 
passed its 1st, 3rd, 5th 
and 7th birthdays. jgp 

Even better, over the gHd 

last 10 years it has ||?r 

been the best per for- 
ming of ail unit trusts. 
(Source: Money 1 : ’’ 

Management June 1986). 

A £10,000 investment at 
launch in June 1976 would 
have grown to £168,860 by 
June this year, (including 
reinvested income on an 
offer to bid basis). 

Still growing 

With growth in the offer 
price so far this year already 
over 15% our remarkable 

MANAGERS MLA Unit Tmsi Minjgemen! (being 
a trading name ot MLA Investment Management 
Ltd.) is a part of I tie M un iapal Insurance Group. 
TRUSTEE Midland Bank Trust Company Ltd. 

II Old Jewry, London EC2R 8DL 
GENERAL INFORMATION An initial charge of 
S'to is included in the offer price and an annual 
charge of of one percent (phis VATi of the 
capital value of the Fund hi deducted from the 
Trusts income 10 meet the expenses of the 
Managers an a half-yearly baas. Kerauner Jrion 
is paid to qualified intermediaries, rates on 
request. Net income is distributed on 31st - 
January and 31« July together with a la* nedit 
certificate and a hah yearly report. The Trust u 
authorised by the Department of Trade and 
Industry and is constituted by a Trust Deed 
dated llth May 1976. The fund is valued daily 
and the price and yield are quoted in tltc F.T and 
Daffy Telegraph, (.’tuts will be dealt fn daily. Any 
orders received will be dealt wrth at the price 
ruling on the date of receipt of instruct ions. 
Price and yield as at 10-786 - Offer price 
35 ipxd estimated gross current yield 2.13%. 
The minimum initial purchase is £500, 
thereafter units may be bought subject to a 
minimum of £100. Contract Notes will be Issued 
immediately and unit certificates will be 
provided within si* weeks of payment. Units are 
bought back at not less than the bid price 
calculated in accordance with the formula 
contained m the Trust Deed. 

A cheque in settlement will normally be sent 
within seven working days of receipt by the 
Managers of the renounced unit certificate. 

The prize draw is being promoted by The Sales 
Machine. 75/79 Vorh Road. London 5EJ 7NP. 

The draw will be made on 2ist August 1986 and 
witnessed by an independent person. The first 
10 names drawn will be notiffed by post within 
3 weeks of the draw. 



Every reply - even if you just want 
further information - will be entered 
1 in our prize draw with 10 long 
weekends for two in Paris to be won. 

L They ail include 2 nights in the luxury 
I 5-star Holiday Inn, continental 
% breakfasts, a champagne dinner and 
floor show at the Paradis Latin and 
fpSmum /fights from Gatwtck (Friday 
morning to Sunday evening Wa g 
WSfwk' Travel insurance is 

record for investtnent per- 
formance looks set to 
continue for years to come. 


extra units 


If you Invest before 
21st July 1986. 

! .: On investments of £500 - £9,999 - 
1% extra units free. 

On investments of £10,000 and 
upwards - 1 extra units free. 

To celebrate these 
achievements we're giving 
you a special opportunity to 
share our success. To mark 

AnNl/ftf \ our 10th birthday 
offering free 
i'i entry into our holiday 
j prize draw plus a spec- 
3 ^ ial bonus of free units, 

j g Not that we think | 
§ you really need extra j 
incentives to invest 
8J Our Fund Managers , 
n A will continue to invest , 
where they expect to | 
gjfr- secure maximum 

growth in both capital | 
and income, using the 1 
pE, freedom provided by | 
th e Trust Deed. In which 
case, our investment j 
performance could 
provide all the bonuses you j 
could ever want - not to 
mention holidays. j 

How to invest j 
There is a minimum I 
investment of £500, the j 
maximum is up to you. A I 
regular income withdrawal j 
plan is also available, please \ 
tick the box for details. i 
We must of course remind i 
: you that the price of units ; 
and the income from them 
can go down as well as up. i 
Investments in MLA 
General should be regarded 
as long term. 

I Application Form 


I To-. MLA Unit Trust Management, 99-100 Sandling Road, Maidstone, 

I Kent ME 14 1XX. Telephone- W522 674751 

I l/We would like to buy MLA General Units to the value of £ (minimum £500) 

I at the price ruling on the date of receipt of these instructions. A cheque payable 
I to MLA Unit Trust Management is enclosed. I/We declare that I am/we are over 18. 


{■ i— -i J J I do nor wish to invest now but wish 

I LJ j am an existing unitholder = 1 1 to enter the free prize draw 

I f I please send me information about your regular income withdrawal plan 

Surname {Mr/Mre/Miss/Title). 

First runnels) in hill 



I Eta.™*' A\t J 

j Signauirefs) | 

| Uiusf jpptuMb ikPHld aB fi£N and attach addmses septtmirty. Member of the ■ 

| MIA Vtol Thm Manaffmaa fbtinr, a trading mmt of MLA Imvsmni tedt Trust 

. Mmuffmem luU Ketfaend fn fntfand No. I&268I. Rt%ut<red offkc A ss o ci ation 

3Z O MQyeotSI* London SVrIH CHN. aaBtoNr i» the Republic pfirdand. T 






% Net 

Guaranteed Monthly 

{‘Net of tax at 29%, male aged 65 investing £10,000) 

The Income Specialists 

Bentley Haig are specialists in arranging 
secure high income investments. 

To find out how you can maximise 
your income please return the coupon 
today or phone 01 -935 2801 

To: Bentley Haig & Co. Ltd. 

52 Gloucester Place, London W1H 3HJ. 

Licenced Dealers in Securities. 

1 would like to know more about your income 





Bejntl.ey Haig 

= ===== & CO LTD ■■= 


A long-awaited 
PEP to plans 

■ The budding societies’ brave 
new world will begin next year wnsn 
they should be free to offer the 
financial services they say they nave 
been wanting to offer us for so 
long. A change In the Building 
Societies Bill, which comes into 
force next January, will let them 

provide’ unsecured loans, 

overdrafts and the rest. It will also 
allow societies to sell personal 
equity plans. PEPs enaWesavers to 
have Investments of £2,400 a 
year free of capital gains tax when 
the time comes to take what one 
hopes will be a profit' This is m 
addition to the first £6,300 of gain 
which is not subject to tax anyway. 

If societies do sell shares at their 

ik... ...m ha Mlnuiinn ttio 



(large cash holdings), MEPC (a 
collective Investment vehicle tor 

property), or Prudential (an, 
investment trust In all but 
name)?” Mr Chappell asked. 

He also expressed concern that 
administrative costs could swallow 
up a/I the advantages of the new 
PEPs. He said: “Unless we are 
careful, PEPs will be like the dd 
description of ocean yacht racing — 
so expensive that it feels like 

tearing up £5 notes under a cold 
r. Out of a monthly 

subscription of £20, as much as 
B7 .50 might be taken In costs.” 

LINK for a little one 

Welcome inheritance 

■ When the Chancellor 
abolished lifetime capital transfer tax 
and introduced the new > 

Inheritance tax in the last Budget. 

everyone, momentarily, felt 
off: But w 

— the first of what wlfl probably 
be three tranches of similar size? 

counters they will be following the 
of their American 

example o, KUDU nnis'iwi— 

cousins. American mutual societies 
have been financially 
emancipated for some time, and 
many provide a share dealing 
service. ■ 

A sale to remember 

The Department of Energy has 
nominated 20 stockbrokers around 
the country to deal with the issue, 
and will not say whether it will be 
possible to invest in the British 
Gas new issue at the Post Office. 

The reduced transaction costs 
and convenience of using the Post 
Office certainly brought the public 
closer to the stock market; or at least 
to 6T. We can expect an 
announcement "at a later date”. 

■ The building societies continue 
to primp and preen tor the big day 
when they can compote with The 
banks. The financial service facelifts 
began some time ago for the 
bigger societies, but the smaller 
ones are eager to catch up. 

The- Eastbourne Mutual has just 
joined the shared cash dispensing 
system, LINK. Sooner or later the 
network will provide access to more 
than 600 machines nationwide, 
finking Eastbourne account holders 

Interesting offers 

! Comt 

■ British Gas is coming up tor 
sale this autumn, it should be an 
exciting time for all concerned — 
the issue is far bigger even than 
British Telecom. No one knows if 
the stock market will be buoyant 
enough to cope with a major new 
company, and the issue may even be 
timed to coincide with the 
infamous Big Bang. But fun tor the 
observers can be a major 
administrative headache for the 
organizers of the issue. The 
logistical problems are immense. 
Assuming that share values have 
not melted down to nothing, how 
does one sell roughly £2 billion 
worth of shares to the general public 

Limited possibilities 

with a variety of institutions, from 
3bey National to American 

■ it is absurd that the 
Government is contemplating limiting 
the amount which can be placed 
in investment trusts through the new 

who acts as 

the Abbey I 

Express and Girobank. 

Eastbourne’s Sovereign Shares, a 
90-day notice account (or instant 
access where the balance is below 
£10,000) provide reasonable 
value at 8 per cent net, with deposits 
of £20,000 or more yielding 6.25 
percent net of tax. 

i addicts beware, 
i are car buyers. 
Midland Bank is offering a £30 
discount on insurance lor cars 
bought with one of its personal ' 
loans taken out between July 7 and 
Octobers. With the discount • 
comes the chance to win a Porsche 
costing £35,000. By the time the 
happy, smiling winning borrower has 
the car, the offer vrill be closed. 

We hope the winner can afford the 
insurance premiums. The 
companies providing the reduced 
rate cover are General Accident 
Royal Insurance and Guardian Royal 

.... j ut whe reas lifetime CTT (and 
death CTT) was avoidable, ' 
Inheritance tax is not - unless you 
are generoutrenough to give 
away most of your assets at least 
seven years before you die. . 

Tolley's Guide to the New - . 
Inheritance Tax is the first book to . 
be published on this difficult and v 
complicated subject Anyone with V 
assets in excess of £71,000; arid " 
that includes any home-ownerwffli£ 
reasonably sized flat In Central ' 
London, is potentially liable for “■ - 
Inheritance tax and should be . 
considering what effect the tax will: 
have. • • '•* 

Copies are available from . 
bookshops or the publishers; 
Tolley's, at £4.95. 

J Do you know whether the unit 
trust you want to buy runsstrenu* 
savings scheme? Does your i 

trust manager run a Japan fund as 
**r fund you are iri 

welt as tfie growth 1 — , .. 

What might you be charged 

Exchange, which led the way 

Investment Trust Companies. "How 
can one justify limiting investment 
trusts, yet allow unrestricted 
investment in companies such as 
BP (75 per cent of profits earned 
overseas), Henderson 
Administration (an investment 
management company), GEG 

small soci 



the offshore Gross 

per cent for a minimum investment 
of £1,000, with balances of more 
than £10,000 attracting 10.5 per 

upwards in the recent ratine 
increases on car insurance 

Car loans of up to £10,000 are 
available over periods of up to five 
years, and interest costs are 
fixed at the start of the loan. A typical 
APR (Annual Percentage Rate) is , 
19.4 per cent over three years. With 
interest rates on the way down, 
borrowers at those prices will suffer 
in the short term. But where 
interest rates will be in 1991 It Is 
difficult to guess. 

already? 1 , 

for switching between funds 
within the same groito? These, orata. 
thousand and one other , 
questions about unit trusts — how to 
choose one, what the 
performance tables mean and : *. , 
details of the many special' . .y,. 

schemes available — are deaitwitn (n 
a comprehensive guide to unit ' 
trusts avafiable free from Money 
Magazine. • 

For a free copy of the survey, ' - 1 '' ' 
write to Money Magazine, Dept " . ' 
MMt2, Cheam Maiffng, 129 • • 
Church Hilt Road, North Chaam, • r - ; 
Surrey SM38U. 






Why is It that you have never owned 

There are good reasons , and less good 

One of the least good reasons may well 
be that you lack the information you need to be 
sure of making the right decisions. 

It's a problem that can readily be solved. 

With The Stock Exchange's objective 
and straightforward new guide. An Introduction 

To The Stock Market. 

In plain English , it tells you how the 
market works , how to buy and sell shares , and 
how to decide whether the stock markefs the 
right place /or some of your savings. 

Send now for your free copy. 

When you've read it, you may still be 
the last person to buy shares. 

But on the other hand, they say there's 
a first time for everything. 

Send uk The Stock Exchange Distribution 
Centre. 120-126 Lavender Avenue, Mitcham, 
Surrey CR43HP 

Please send me a copy of your fra booklet, 
An Introduction To The Slock Market 






fostrotfe; | 


The conscience fund 

Do yon want your money 
invested in companies operat- 
ing in Sooth Africa, thereby 
propping up apartheid? 

If you do not; then the new 
Fellowship Unit Trust, rah by 
stockbrokers, Bnckmaster & 
Moore, could be die answer. It 
is open to both individuals and 
institutions with a minimum 
investment of £1,000. Bat 
George Lynne, of Bnckmaster 
St Moore, believes it will have 
'real appeal for charities and 
church funds. 

“It is an ethical fond de- 
signed to appeal to churches, 
religious bodies, employees of 
those organizations and the 
public at large who wish their 
capital, to be directed into 
companies that have a strong 
sense of social responsibility 
towards the community,” he 

“To overcome the almost 
impossible task of deciding 
what is and what is not an 
acceptable investment, a com- 
mittee of reference is being 
formed to pronounce Judgment 

in the light of enront opinibh. 
The views of EDUS (the 
Ethical Investment Research 

- and Information Service) and 
the Investor Responsibility 
-Research Centre in .Washing . 
too DC are being very careful- 
ly considered.^ 

- The idea is not new. 
Friends' Provident nms die 
Stewardship Trust along very 
similar Imes and finds 'thrit 
even with a wide ranger of 
excluded investments 
cigarettes, alcohol and South 
is still able to. choose from 
more than half the shares 
quoted on the London Stock 
Exchange. . ■ . ■ m ■ ■ 

The,, bust will exclude In- 
vestment in these obrionsly 
controversial areas and also 
look at a company's track 
record on employee relations 
and social responsibility. 

Details: Bnckmaster & 
Moore, The Stock Exchange, 
London EC2P 2JT (01-588 
2868). . ' . 





For many years, Japan has been a favourite choice for 
investors looking to diversify- their portfolios overseas. They 
have nor been disappointed. Japan has provided investors 
with outstanding returns. We believe that Japan should 
consistently merit a place in investors? portfolios. Certain 
recent developments lead ustobetievethat Japaxmow looks 
more attractive than for some time. ..... 



World oil prices have fallen significantly. As 
a huge importer of oil Japan stands to 
gain from the fall of oil prices perhaps more 
than any other industrialised natioa 

The Japanese authorities are looking to 
reduce interest rates and stimulate the 
domestic economy into higher growth. With 
inflation continuing to fall, we also consider that the rise in 
real incomes will farther encourage domestic expansion 

Japan’s long term commitment to industrial 
growth and technological development 
should, we consider, ensure that it continues 
to rank high among the world’s leading economies. 

Since the launch of Ifcrget Japan Fund in December 
1982, it has provided investors with an impressive 
return of over 296%* well above the average of 243%.* ' 



The Manager of the Target Japan Fund has recently 
returned from Japan where he undertook an in depth study 

of potential investment opportunities. 

Wfe have presented his Endings in 
the form of a fact sheer. 

To receive your free copy, simply 
complete and return the coupon 
below. If you have a professional 
adviser and wish to invest in the 
Target Japan Fund, we suggest 
you contact him without delay 

Remember, the price of units 
and the income from tlnm can 
go down as weD as up. 

■All figure tabu Emm OPAL sratiMks. 
offer, to htti. n« tnuump n-invesu 

Ta.TIb July llfti 

Please send me a copy of the Target Japan Fund Fact SJiet-i. 


Name:_ Twj/b? I 


Nunn? of Professional .VJviser 


TARGET GRQUPPg 1 - 1 fi? 

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• A year’s 
cover if 
you buy 
a home 

High ooeinpioynient and the 
th reat of cutbacks in social 
secnnty payments for mort- 
gage interest have made bome- 
bnyers more aware of the risks 
involved when taking on a 
mortga ge. A new policy from 
Provincial Insurance goes 
some way towards giving a 
measnre of cover against this 
risk, and the loss of income 
through til health. 

Marketed by the Britannia 
Building Society, the policy 
insures against the risk of 
accident, sickness and unem- 
ployment. There are no re- 
s6 ?ytio ns on health, sport or 
pastimes — jnst so long as the 
i insured is under 65, employed, 
in good health and unaware of 
imminent redundancy. 

The policy provides monthly 
income to cover mortgage re- 
payments should you be un- 
able to work through sickness 
or accident — or if you lose 
your job. The amount of 
monthly income provided var- 
ies between £100 and £500. 
Monthly premiums range be- 
tween £4 and £20, or between 
£3.50 and £7.50 if the risk of 
unemployment is excluded. 

But be careful - do not 
confuse this temporary cover, 
lasting for jnst one year, with 
the longer-term permanent 

health insurance policies. 


For a male secondary school 
teacher in good health and 
aged 45 next birthday, PHI 
cover of £500 a month would 
cost a monthly £13.63 with 
Friends' Provident, and £12.19 
with Norwich Union. 

Although both quotes are 
substantially higher than the 
accident policy rates, consider 
:*he crucial difference: the PHI 
policies offer uncance liable 
xover and benefits for 20 years, 
■as opposed to income which 
■terminates after 1 2 months. 

Martin Baker 

The trouble 
with tenants 
who stay on 


Janet Robson’s solicitor de- 
scribed the consequences of 
her first venture into the world 
of furnished lettings as “a 
disaster” And- Mrs Robson's 
experience is a salutory lesson 
for anyone thinking of letting 
property without proper legal 

In May 1985 Mis Robson 
and her family decided their 
flat was too small and that 
they should rent it out. They 
decided they should rent only 
to a company, as companies 
do not have security of tenure 
under the Rent Acts. 

They placed an advertise- 
ment in a national newspaper 
and among the people who 
replied was an optician, a Mr 
Le Scrooge. Mrs Robson did 
not want to rent the property 
to him and she told him there 
were other interested parties. 

A week later, another opti- 
cian. Mina Suchak, viewed the 
flat. Mrs Robson claims Miss 
Suchak said she had owned 
another house in north Lon- 
don that she rented out. 

Quite what was said about 
Miss Suchak's optica] business 
remains under contention be- 
tween the two parties. But 
there was reference to her 
carrying on a partnership 
which Mrs Robson thought 
was the same as a company. 

The Robson family decided 
to rent to Miss Suchak for a 
six-month period. Mrs Rob- 
son did not take any legal 
advice,- and all parties con- 
cerned signed a standard fur- 
nished letting form that can be 
bought from any law 

If Mrs Robson had taken 
legal advice at the time when 
the letting agreement was 
finalized, she might have 
saved herself thousands of 
pounds and months of 

The tenant had signed the 
agreement “Mina Suchak, 
partner of Clearsigbt". 

Clearsight was not a company 
but a partnership between 
Mina Suchak and Yogesh 

A property lawyer, John 
Samson. of Nabarro 
Nathanson. explained the sig- 
nificance; “The Rent Act gives 
protection to individuals by 
means of security of tenure 
and an entitlement to a Air 
rent. Virtually all partnerships 
are treated as individuals and 
are entitled to the full protec- 
tion of the Rent Acts.” 

The letting started on an 
extremely friendly, basis but 

Second meeting in 
the High Court 

according to Mrs Robson 
things rapidly deteriorated. 

“The rent was often late,” 
she said. “The fridge broke 
down several times and the 
tenant presented us with a bill 
for £99.75 for beluga caviar, 
king prawns, and four lobsters 
which she said had been in the 
fridge. To make matters 
worse. I found out that Mr Le 
Scrooge was living at the flat, 
although 1 did not see him.” 

Mrs Robson did meet Mr 
Le Scrooge again. It was on 
October 30 in the High Court. 
The previous day the Robson 
family had decided to take the 
law into their own hands and 
move back into the flat. 

Mrs Robson explained their 
viewpoint: “Miss Suchak was 
constantly in breach of con- 
tract with overdue rent and we 
soon realized that she had no 
intention of leaving at the end 
of the six-month contract. We 
telephoned Miss Suchak to tell 
her what we had done.” 

It is a criminal offence to re- 
enter residential property 
without a court order, and the 
High .Court judge held that the 
tenants could not be unlawful- 
ly evicted. 

The tenants moved back in, 
and although the six-month 
letting agreement came to an 
end in November 1985. Miss 

The Belgravia mortgage. 

Atypical example at 10.75%. APR 1L42%. 


ways to catch up. 

London prices are 20% higher than a year ago- 

The South-Eastfs have gone up 16.1%. Across Britain 
prices are up 11%/ 

So you’ll be delighted with three new mortgages for people 
wanting £50,000 (or a great deal more) . 

Belgravia is a unique new ‘cap and collar’ mortgage. 
Belgravia rates gp up and down 
with national levels, but with this 

For the fust 5 years, you get 
guaranteed maximum and 
minim urn rates. Currently, these 
are 11% and 8.5%. 

The new Knightsbridge 
mortgage has a fixed rate for the 
first hve years. 

And Kensington is tinted to 
the UK Money Market rate. 

If you’ve already borrowed £50,000, or more, iCs worth 
a caD to see if one of these three new mortgages would be better 

than the one you’ve got u ^ 

If you don’t need as much as £50,000, remember were 
Britain’s biggest independent mortgage specialists. ■ 

Of the hundreds of mortgages on offer, we can help you 
get the one that’s just right for you and your property. 

Call us for details or written quotations for Belgravia, 
Kensington and Knightsbridge, or any other mortgages on 
(01) 589-7080. Just ask for mortgage enquiries. 

A man of 29 and his wife, 24, borrow £50,000 
ower 25 vgars with an endowment insurance 
policy cm a bouse valued ai £70,000. 

Gross monthly payment (interest) £ 447.92 

Net monthly payment £ 369.98 

Life assurance premium S f>4-50 

■Jbttl monthly payment £ 434.48 

Estimated pobey proceeds in 

25 years £ 85.076.00 

Tbtal amount payable over 25 years £130.344.00 
Less poRcy proceeds £ 85,076.00 

Total charge for emi t £ 45.268.00 

Mercury House, 195 Knightsbridge, London SW7 IRE. 

Can you always get your copy of The Time. s? 

Dear Newsagent, please deliver/save me a copy ofTlte Times 



■ ’ 'v- 

•; ' " / ‘ 1,-/. ; 

The landlady who has learned an expensive lesson: Mrs Robson ontside the flat 

Suchak and Mr Le Scrooge are 
still in the flat. At one stage a 
five-figure sum was suggested, 
on payment of which Miss 
Suchak would vacate the flat. 
When this was put to Miss 
Suchak's solicitor, he said this 
was the sort of figure they 
thought they needed to re- 
house themselves. - 

Court proceedings are now 
in hand for repossession of the 
flat and the case should be 
heard in the autumn. 

Meanwhile. Mrs Robson's 
solicitor has advised her not to 
accept the rent that has been 
offered by the tenants, so as 
not to prejudice their legal 
position. The Robsons are 
now £5,200 out of pocket, and 
they have recently had to sell 
their bouse in London and 
move, as they could not afford 
both their house and the flat 

They are waiting for the 
outcome of the court case but 
Mrs Robson said: “This is the 
first and last time we will rent 
property. The Rent Act was 
wonderful in essence but it has 
made the life of a landlord 

“Legal reasons why 
we are arguing 9 

Commenting on the situa- 
tion generally. Miss Suchak’s 
solicitor said:“There are legal 
reasons why we are arguing 
that the letting was to an 
individual. My clients were 
also thrown out - into the 
streets one night, despite the 
fact that it is a criminal 
offence to do so. 

“I do not know whether 
Miss Suchak owns another 

property. As far as I know they 
just decided that they want to 
stay in lbe flat. It is a very 
unfortunate case. It is not up 
to us to make moral judg- 
ments. We leave it to the court 
to decide." 

A few timely words of 
advice on letting came from 
Mr Samson: “You should 
always take legal advice at the 
outset. If you let to a company 
always do a company search. 
If you have residential proper- 
ty you should consider pro- 
tected shonhold tenancies 
where you can get the tenant 

A free booklet, Shonhold 
Tenancies . published ^by -ihe 
Department of the Environ- 
ment, is available from 
Citizens’ Advice Bureaux. 

Susan Fieldman 

-* : J 

* A----:. 

The cost of getting a high rate of 
interest for your money is often very 
expensive indeed 
There's usually a lengthy commit- 
ment to leave your funds untouched 
and a minefield of penalties to dis- 
courage anyone from making early 

Its the price you have to pay. 

Until now, that is. 

If you've got just£5 / 000 to deposit then 
the Allied Arab Bank can offer a valu- 
able alternative. The new High Interest 
Cheque Account combines the attract- 
iveness of a City-related market rate 
(10.5% gross) with the day to day con- 
venience of a normal current account 

A cheque book provides immediate 
access to your money without any loss 
of interest We have the facility to 
arrange regular payments by standing 
order or direct debit 

There are not even any bank charges to 
worry about 

All we ask you to do is remain in 

For more information, clip the coupon 

fnlrretf rj(r ninMr but iorrtci uf fnrir ill gtwfj to prr>s. 

To: Allied Arab Bank Limited. FREEPOST 
London EC4B 4HS (no stamp required if posted within 
the United Kingdom). 

Please send me full details of your 





T1 12/7 j 

money on 


Clever money is supposed to 
stay ahead of the market 
Every investment manager is 
supposed to be anxions not 
just to be better than the rest, 
but to be seen to be better than 
the rest. Or so we might think. 

River & Mercantile is pre- 
paring the launch of an invest- 
ment trust which sets' out to 
follow the average price of 
shares in the market. , 

Instead of being obsessed by 
outperforming the index, this 
fund, with 390 shares spread 
around the world, will set out 
to do no better or worse than 
the market average. 

“Our shares will represent 
60 per cent of the market 
capitalization of their domes- 
tic stock markets," says Piers 
Godfrey, of River & 

“We are providing a service 
for the private client who is 
looking for international expo- 
sure and isn’t perhaps getting 
the best advice from brokers. 
It’s a cheap way to invest.” 

Mr Godfrey hopes costs will 
be kept down to 0.2 per cent of 
investment' (minimum £250). 

The fund is invested 55 per 
cent in American stock, with 
25 per cent in Japan, 4 per 
cent in West Germany and the 
rest spread around the world. 
British stocks are not 

But is an index fond really 
unambitious or just prudent? 
“A lot of investment managers 
fail to beat their share 
indices,” says Mr Godfrey. 





ABN 10.00% 

Mm & Company 10.00% 

bcq iaoo%» 

Citibank Savings! 10.75% 

Consofflated Crds 10.00% 

Continental Trust 10.00% 

GwpffaSw Bank 10.00% 

C. Boare & Co 10.00% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai — 10.00% 

LLoyds Bank 10.00% 

'NS Westminster 10.00% 

Royal Bad of Scotland 10.00% 

TSB : 10.00% 

(Mank NA 10.00% 

f Mortgage Base Ratfc 



Over the last thirty years you probably could not 
have held a unit trust with a better performance than 

£1,000 invested at its launch in June 1956 would 
now be worth £67,208 with all income reinvested, 
compared with £8,104 from a similar investment in a 
building society. To have maintained its purchasing 
power over the period, £1,000 would need to have 
grown to £8,748. 

The British Stockmarket has been strong for a 
number of years, which is why many investors are 
now looking at overseas markets for new investment 
opportunities. But concentration in one particular 
area can produce very volatile investment results, 
and this year's high flier can often be nextyearis poor 
performer. You should be wary of short-term per- 
formance claims, such as the “Over 50% growth in 
just five months’* quoted recently for a European 
unit trust 

M&G has two International Funds which solve the 
problem by spreading your investment effectively among 
the major stockmarkets of the world 

The M&G International Income Fund aims to 
provide a high income, and one that can be expected to 
increase over the years, from an international portfolio of 

The M&G International Growth Fund aimsfor all-out 
capital growth by investing in the major stockmarkets of 
the worfd. 

If you remain optimistic about the British Stockmarket 
and want a balanced portfolio, look at M&G SECOND 
GENERAL which aims for consistent growth of income 
and capital from a wide spread of shares mainly in British 


Value o( £UXX) invested on 5m June 1956. 




F.T. Ordinary 



5 June '56 
31 Dec '66 
31 Dec ’76 

5 June '86 













NOTES: AM figures include reinvested income net ol basic-rate tax. 

The BuWingSociety figures are based on an e«ra interest account ottering 
ir-7% above tee average yeany rate (source-. BuiMmgSooeUes 

Association). M&G SECOND GENEfML figures are realsation values. 

To celebrate M&G SECOND’S thirty-year performance 
record weareofferingan extral%unitallocation ifytfu invest 
£1,000 or more and 2% if you invest £10,000 ormoreinany 
of these three unitt usts before 31st October 1986. 

The price of units and the income from them may 
go down as well as up. This means that unit trusts are a 
long-term investment and not suitable for money you . 
may need at short notice. 

£3^X)0«T»«st»r at ihelBt^ oT MAG's twlrnsmaironaianos 




Unit Trust 







May '85 

Dec ’67 





NOTES-. All fi^ires include reinvested income net ot basic- rate tax. 

The BuMngSocety figures are based on an extra interest account offering 
above the average yearly rate (source: BujJdmg Societies 

Association.) M&G figiresare realisation values. 

RfltnCR INFORMATION On 9th July 1986 offered prices 
and estimated grass curait yields were 

hi come Accumulation Yield 
Intern ationalln come 58-8p 60 3p 5 08% 

Into motional Growth 770 -Sp 1228-5p 1-90% 

SECOND GENERAL 750 7pxd 1481 8p 3-51% 
Prices and yields appear da^v m the Financial Times. The 
difference between the 'ofleraf price {at which you buy units! 
aidfteW price [at which-you sell) is normally 6%. An initial 
charge of 5% is sidutied m the ottered price and an annual 
charge of up to 1% of each FixicTs value - currently %% (except 
International Income, which rs Hfe) - plus Wff is deducted tram 
gross income. Income for Accumulation units is reinvested to 
increase their value and for Income units it is distributed net ot 
base-rate tax on die following dates: 

International fotemational 

Income Growth SECOND 


AH appScations for 0,000 or more received by 31st October, 1986 will be given an extra 
1% allocation of units, increasing to 2% for applications of £10.0£X? or more per Fund 
Please invest the sumfs) indicated below in theFundfsl of my choice (mmimum mroetmwtnr 
each Fund: £1,000) in ACCUMULATION/ IN CO ME units (delete as applicable or Accumulation 
units will bessued for International Growth and SECOND and Income units wffl be issued for 
International Income] at the price ruling on receipt of this application. 

po not send any MOfEY. A contract note will besent to you stating exactly how much you owe 

and the settlement date. Your certificate will 


1 June 

20 Mar 
20 Sep 

15 Feb 
IS Aug 

Next distribution 1 Dec 
for new investors . IS 86 

20 Sep 

15 Feb 

You can buy or sell units on any business day. Contracts for 
purchase or sale will be due for settlement two to three weehs 
later. Remuneration is payable to accredited agents; rates are 
avariable on reauest The Trustee for International Growth is 
Barclays Bank Trust Co. bmited and for International Income 
and SECOND GENERAL is Ltoyds Bank Pt The funds me all 
wider ^ -range investmoTteandareairthortsed by the Secretary of 

State tor Trade and Industry. 

M&G Securities Untied, Three Quays, Tower HBt 
London EC3R 6BQ. Tel: 01-626 4588. 

Member of the Unit Trust Association. 

£ 00 


■ RES3B 

£ 00 


£ 00 


f*r/Mn/] enf 




SG 482816 


BifamubtlMlB 'u.lJBM ImWtVIiMIfi: H'lwIltaJKo* Win* 



RAYMOND GUBBAYpreacitfa SUNDAY 3 AUGUST u 730 pan. 


wjm H March Slav*; Capricdo haiku; 

.iHI Plano Concerto No.1; The iVuttradn 1 Sdtt 

Overture 1812 with cannon 
and mortar effects 


&. &. Cfi. a. £850, £950, £(050 Hd 01-928 3191 CC 01-928 8800 


TOMORROW at 7.15 p.m. 




Programme indudn worts by 


£5, £6, £7, £8 Boa Office (01-928 3191) C.C. (01 .928 8800) 
Arthur Martin concert Promotions Ltd. 

The BBC prevent* the 'Cud icwn ■■( Heim Prumcn»lr Cornett* 


18 July — I * September 
Royal Albert Hall 




MAHLER: Symphony of a Thousand 




Wednesday 16 & Saturday 19 July at 7.30 p.m. with 



BBC SINGERS Florentine Intmnedi of 1589 





art St Brahms Clarinet Qui 


£S.£>.£2jM> ONLY 
Pre-Prom talk by R 

talk by Roger Savage 4.15 pm 

£8. £5-W.£4, £Zp0 

StTjjptaany NoJ3, KJI9 MOZART 


Symphony NoJ in D motor BRAHMS 

Tuesday 22 July at 7.30 p.m. with 


Schu m a n n: Dra Fantasiestuke Op. 73; 
Debussy: Pronieie Rhapsodic 
Poulenc 8c Howells: Sonatas for Clarinet & Piano 
Arthur Benjamin, Pi erne, Messagcr 

FcrfiiO dtuah plane tor pund 


EDITH PEINEMANN Symphony No.9 in D nanor BRUCKNER 

£l.50t Arenal, £lJ0(GaBery) 

Bar Office 01-539 8212, CC 01-589 94*5, Tcketnnsrer OI-379 M33 

An Open-Air Concert 
at the 

Loveliest Castle 
in the \yorld. 


jj St John's Smith Square 

London SW’.P !*tlA Oircilcr: Paul Djv:o> 

iTTTTQr: Bo* Ot'iice 01-222 1065 Mon-Fri llarst-l’pm . 

mm .■ ■ :(orr. opm at tach concert 


Edward Dowoat OTxJucrar Stbata: Taaob Op T12 Dmjoahe 
renpeO By the Rat Horuon Snmflmiartr Sympnony No. 5. 
Concoa sponsored By the Sun AJIwnCB insurant* Group 

Leeds Castle, set on two islands in the 
middle of a lake, provides a magnificent set- 
ting for what is always a spectacular 

Carl Davis conducts the Philharrnonia Or- 
chestra, with soloists Arthur Davies and 
Jonathan Summers, in a varied programme 
of classical favourites, including 
Tchaikovsky’s 1812 Overture, with the Band 
and guns of the Royal Artillery and a grand 
firework finale. 

A selection of refreshments available, in- 
cluding summer salad suppers, ploughmans, 
barbeques: and champagne, wine and beer. 

Gates open at 4.00pm and Bands play 
from 5.00pm. Philharrnonia Concert starts 
at 8.00 pm. 

Tickets: Adult £6.00; Children/OAFs/ 
Students £5.00; Seats £3.00 extra. Tickets 
available on the night For further details 
please contact: 

The Concert Secretary, 



Tel: Maidstone 

(0622) 65400 *3*: 

From the UoieenOy af Cabfanus. Sana Barbara 


Director Carl Zytowski 

Recreating the ambience of the Viennese house 
concerts during the 19th Century 

Songs by Sc hu bert. Poulenc. Peter Fricker. Lennon Ber k el ey, 
Paul Patterson end Ammon and Bntnfi FbOuoug g n m g ci pgu 

TICKETS £4, £3.50. £3. £2 01 -222- U» I jfl 


Aoeunaajs t«ii orrooTPt: 

a CC 741 0909 83fc 7SS8 575 
6433 CSro Sales 930 6123 nisi 
Call 24!tr 7 da> CC 240 7800. bkr. 



hiahlly 41 7 30 MM* Wed at 2 5C 
& SM 4 30 A 8.00 

IN TOWN- S Ewe** 
Theatre Air CnriKnod 

This Concert is sponsored by Whitbread 
Fremlms and South Eastern Magazines Ltd. 


BARBICAN 01 628 8795/638 
8801 CC iMon Sun lOom-Srtnl 


prwr orris lotfjy 2.00 A 7 30. 
Mrn 7.SO Tun TOO THE 
Com. MEPHTSTO rrluim 18 

TW PIT l ft/i'l 7 50 THE DEAD 
MONKEY tn Nick Darke 


COLISEUM R 836 3161 
CT 240 5258 
TirKrin wslrr 379 6*33 


14-26 JnlV 

e Rmriinimm mriudliifl 4 


Garden. WCj 012*0- 
1066 1911. OCSSUnmw info 
01 8366903. Mon -Sal loam - 

8pm. o5 amp™ wait atoll (rum 
lOdm on lire day TtelceW Op 
era irom E7 50. Balm from 
E5O0. _ _ 

Toni. MO" 700 TW R»F*I 
Opera Coy fan luiv 

6404/0641 rr Oi 379 6233 
Red Piw Prmi from July 21 
Open* July 29 al 7 0 
“Erplov ir kuORT Today 


From I Or OucfceHfr FnlitJI 
Siam in 

“4 papular Hit contains mote 
famous <0094 titan m «net 
imniral of Hie rnilun" Tlrtiw 
Ctqi 7 JO ItUH UN A Sal 2 3C 
24M 7 aai rr WAin on Firs* 
CiD 01 240 7200 mkB fen 

26TB CC 741 ftftftp First Call 
24 hr 7 04, on 240 7300 Grn 
Sales 930 6133 Mon Tn 8.00 
Sal 600 A 846 


A rnniedv tnuyral with 



"A mrsmcrir nminf vm On 

“■rBUul, vary t mmmf 


"HuMriy mioyaBP-" F T 

-As tarty a« a royal ffanh- 


- Definile 2-1 fatourne" SM 


D. Mai I 

DUCHESS 836 8243 240 «*648. 
isi Call ir 340 7300 <24 him 7 
davv rr 741 aooo. J79 6433. 
(in B wm man 3 Sols 5 A 8 30. 




b« Bon Liniev 



Musical Director : John DajnJkwortb 

Today 3JWpm 


Rkhard StOgoe, Jnfian Lloyd Webber. 
v«— — Johnson (BBC Young Musician of the Year) 
hoodoo Symphony OrdKStra, 

John Dankworth Conductor/ Soloist 
no, £8 only 

Tonga 7.45pm 


J a cques Loressier, W®anl White. 

Fnuna JobBEoa (BBC YoungMusidan oftbe Year) 
London Symphony Oirhesira, 

John Daakworm Cooductor/Soloisi 
£11. £4 only 

Friday 18Jniy 7.* 


Lonn Da&as, Gary 

Loodoa Sympbooy Orchestra, 
John Dankworth Conductor/ Sok 

kwortfa Conductor/ Soloist 
£11, £830, £6, £4 

Sunda y 20 My 730pm 


Monday 21 Inly lASpm 


/Oidiestn Conductor Cart Davis 
ll £830. £4 only 


Box Office 1 0-8 every day ind. Sun 01-638 8891/628 8795 


COMPETITION — Final stage 

Sponsored by Lloyds Bank City Arts Trust 

Tuesday 15 July 630pm Pan 1 
Loudon Mozart Players Jane Glover conductor 

Wednesday 16 & Thursday 17 July 630 Part II 
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 
James Lough ran conductor 

For Full programme details see 
Barbican panels above. 

TiAeu for all perft CM. £6. £4. Reduced tickeis undents 
and Ybuthct Musical the Barbican Box Officr only 01-638 8891/628 8795 

PretBUinarySapes 10- UJnlyU84HMT-5w8cM‘B^M(mk«eU Square, 
Mod Street, EC2. 9.30 daily iSno 2 30). Seau £4. Student* A Voulh 
A Music half pm. Details from City Festival Box Off tco only 01-336 2801 


Sunday 3 August 730pm 


sung in German 

Seal Price £11, £930, £8-50. £7, £6,15 

Tuesday 5 August 7-45pm 


Cqncerti Grossi in B flat. Op 4 No 1; A minor. Op 3 
No 8; B minor. Op 3 No 10 
IONA BROWN dircctor/vjo/in 
Seat Price £9. £8. CT. £6. £5 

Wednesday ( August 7.45pm 

RAVEL Ma Mere l’Oye 

SAINT-SAENS. Cello Concerto No 1 in A minor 

FAURE Etegie 

BIZET Symphony in C 



Seat Prices £9 JO. £8.50. £7. 30, £6. £5 

Friday 8 August 7.45pm 


HANDEL — Concerto Grosso in A minor 

PERGOLE5I— - Concertino No 6 

VTVALDL Gonceno In C 

TELEMANN Suiic in F for Recorder and Strtnju 

TCHAIKOVSKY Serenade Tor Sinngs in C 


Seal Price £9, £8, CT, £6. £5 

Sunday 10 August 730pm 


BEETHOVEN.... Symphony No 9 ‘Choral' 

Seat Price £11. £930, £830, £7, £6. £S 

BARBICAN HALL 01-63$ 8891/628 8795 


at the BARBICAN . 

TOMORROW at 7.30 pan- 

~ n a iM wnilAM YELL overture 


iJjH vrouNCowcEino 

(jgy ^^ : -; mctures "";. ks ss 


to- Barinan panel lot lull 

MOND AY NEXT at 7.45 pjn. 

1 To Ceksbeaw Sir Yehotfi MemihmTs Wh ffi^day 



Programme indudo 

IfiSl Vivaldi-. 


For full detA see Bartucan panel 

SUNDAY 27 JULY at 7. 3D psa. 


Proc- inc. RtmoinL The Bartxr ofVSev flic Ocnraj 
Largo al roanoiro; Vente La Traviara Pitiude id An TV 
if/Mft ud 1 >i hwena. Nabttto Chores of ibe Hebrew Sbreti 
B I Alda Uhoras arel Grand March; Moaarc Don GrerMad 

8 Owtture. Serenade and Champagne Ana. Magic Flow 

IbMCDo's Aria.DScra*8o RnaJ Chuns; Gosrood: Fauw 
Avaxu iic quincr mai SoUjcn’ Chorus: M— carafe CawaBorfa Rnsqcana 
iMcnnezzo; and ari» from Don Carlos, Die FW«a* and Con Fan 




THOMAS ALLE N baritone 



ENRIQUE BA TBCmduaor - - 

£^CT.£&^95a/ ,tL50 *^ n - 50 Hifl01-«887«CC QI-628B801 

TUESDAY 29 JVLYaz7A3 pm- 


Don Giovanni Overture; Eine Kleixie Nadrtmusik 
Piano Concerto No. 21, K467; Symphony No. 40 


WEDNESDAY 30 JULY at 7M pan. 



Smart Borrow* biaaned by bfa apodal goeeta - -• 

Ann Mackay and Mark Borrows 



Tchaikovsky Romeo , and Juliet Ov., 
- Bizet Carmen Suite, Gershwin Rhapsody 
in Blue, Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody, 
aA J. Strauss H II Roses from die South, 
kW/ Elgar Pomp and Ctreumstanoe March 
No.4, Borodin Polovtsan Dances from 
. Prince Igor. 

£5.£6. £7. £*■»• £9.50.£I0J0 Hd 01-628 ^ 8795^ CC. °l-638 B»I 




Direc&i men the VIA by JOHN BRADBURY 
ANN JAMES uprana 

in (be anturee, of Che period 

I*rot me. J. Sitrau— B Cuckoo Rfta. Annen Polka, Die LBrelle, Champane 
ftfla. Blue Danube WalLC J. Strata* 1 Zampa Galop, Radeohy March, 
Lorelei Rbane-Kbupe WaltKjoaefStiau— Feuerfev PuOu LcbarGcdd ad 
Silver Wain and irtnn The Merry Widow, Go ld fare . Die 
Fledcrmaiis, and The Gypay Baron 

MONDAY 4 AUGUST m 7A5 puna. 








(BBC Young Musician of The Year) 

£0. C. CT-SO. £10-50. £1 L50 

*/0gJM££ 2A hourcrodueatd rerria 

JV-****~' 01-240 7200 No booking fee 
OUR FREE MAILING LIST. Wnte to Ravfflood GuMot LnL, 




.•tt*tt>e BARBICAN CENTRE presents 

Dfrcct from Spam 

. pacopenaIs 

Flamenco Dance Company 

fit a spectacular _ 




JaMjr August 12 

C/n to August 17 

T '^Evening* at 7.45, Swi at 7 JO 
} Mats Sat and Sun at 3 jOO 

/ £6£7£8J0C9J0£10J0 

BARBICAN 628 5795 6388891 

01 mo 8846/01 636 8838/9 or 

OI 680 OS62/3 nWF CM A 
24hr 7 Bay K fM 3428. 
Grp Saht 930 6125. 



“THE 8f*rt 

*TH Mworw THE WORUT - 

FORTUNE «Air Condi S rr 856 
223&KP741 9999 Crp Sales. 930 
6123 Mon 10 Fri 6 Sal 850 Thurs 
4 Sol 300 




-ll brluw bark your faith ui 
modre-A IMIlhJI couM breouv? 
a ndl" BBC 


ir j"DC, ‘.v’lhthf 
South Bank Bo-’.rd 




Direct from China in 
a dazzling display 
of incredible 
•rt v ' feats 




CC (No booking fee) 



Ka fk a 


Box Office A CC OI 930 *S 
Can 24 hour 7 day cx. aortaiw* 
01 200 7200 . 

Lwr- 7 30 Maw W«J and Sa-W 


"Ha* re w baan 

• ’ DTrl. 



Today 2 00 A 7.30 w\l DrtfaJutr 
16 irxa) 17.1B.I9. 

In Rf>p<TlOTP wllli 


Nf\l PCTf July 14. 15 A 16 fMau 

■Ilf Wl OI 437 3666 1 Ol-fJA 
1550 OI 434 1050. 01-734 

6166 1 


-A hnnum & mvousU’ - 

rote pertoftnancp'" r .Tow*' 

C HI T EH1 0H Air Cond b 950 3216 
CC 370 6565/379 6433/741 
9999 Gn» 836 3962. Et»l 8.00. 
T hu rea l 2 30. S at 6.30 h B-3Q 

0 Mdl 

TW' Thraim of Comndv Company 

rear moo num *at*» 







torlftiTO and dlnctrd Ov 

Otn 1.300 l id i i a8 Win< parts 

TW Notional ThMBP i acclaim** 

ptopurllon al 




-HrarnifrakimjiT luimi" Cdn 

"HllarunB- - S. Tima ' 

"A rate nruint of - - 
.-tww -r-xtiuaraiton" Thikb . 
Lro* 7.30 Mill WrO aUt Sat 3.0. 
Croup Salts 01-930 BIAS 
Reduced pure moK suidrnt A 
U tP Stand In ' ' ■ 

CC WntlMS ON OI 240 7290 

AWARDS FOR 1985 ; 


740 8230 rr 579 6S6B 6433 
pu pli B6 ptmom Diana 

Lanatao. Anar I ■ RMiarda, Th* 
Flavin. David Kama. In SIDE 
Sal 8. Sal Mai 6. Sans 4 8 7. 

n'mcnBitS Xi'f 

PLuniRT mtLis-i 

••'’i- 0»VI? Ml* 




^ T. . 


; ' r - Mijii 
'■* r \‘r : 

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Drury UH^ 

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flUWPW* ■S' USB 2262 CC 
■NalloiMl Thraltr'i own Uwi 

r isSrm 

4 Joh lSicaj . Oprm July 22 
M T.OO Then July 5} 4 Auaial 

^AMctaowSigraa 1 ^ 

°V VtexlrL lemon 

l»V SN BHtimun. 

ST NMTnri 01-836 14*3 spe- 
cial CC No 379 0*35. E\» BE 
__T W» 2*6. 6ai So and BO 



*J5*» »» 26*0 CC DM 
4I4A/E190 7*1 "Two* Fins* Call 
w Hr 7 Dav rr 340 7200 Grp 
Sotf-s 930 6123 


TUP Dnliwb Dnwmii Muucal 



Dww fra it- cnw roqraonea tty 
CnEm Lnm 
Oprm 17 July *1 700pm 
Mon-Frl 7 *3 MM Wn) 300 
Sal d 30 4 8 IS 



“Tttr very tw-a m anum'c rofrtr 
lalPM" Dally Mall 
S rr vrparo ic onum under: 

wgrom u. THEATRE/ 

|Slh l|ilv 1 ? Apnial Ihni Maui 
G.UH 1 u*. 54 36 Nrw Bond 

SHrrl | of Mint HI. Co»dlR) 
sin-i s,ih- A** iMl A niwto 
BtoM, ft n rl« m l.f.Utry a SB- 
wr. MWdte CMton. CcvpUw, 

ew*. Etruscan a Raman An- 

UnWIIaK RHthtl Pahrttnsa 
1 SCO. 1*50; EacIhUt saw: inning Mou-Fri ^im- 
* Xnrni 


A M ALGAM 3 Baiim Hum SI . 
Tm-vStih L mil Aim Tin 


Hh.iii Urjilir. EC?. 01-658 
4141 CECIL BEATON, over 
700 iihnlDiitjpln. ftianinqs. 
/zixIlniMf, rptti-mma **n 
bri n/ p L «f wM iN iln «» w " 

I iiih* Oul “*tPl (n Itm BarUuB 

II 7 *u can** s Tmrs EXTEND- 
ED TO lO AUGUST. Tun-Sol -6 4 5pm Sun A B Hols 
l.’-S JSpnr. Cfewil Mondays 
PMr-pi B lluK -Umjwion C 2 A 

h'L I Tht- iiiii-i *miioiusl THE 
CITY M MAP5 and a rpirhra 
HIPPO 1354-430) Mon 441 ID 6 
Nun 2 -50-6 A rim Irw. 

All etwified advcmKmenu 
an be SWCjMd by telephone 
(except Announcement*). The 
deadline is 5.00pm 2 days prior 
10 pablwiion (k S.OOptn Mon- 
day lor Wednesday). Should 
you wish to scad an advenoc- 
mrnt in whins please include 
your daytime phone number. 
PARTMENT. If you have any 
queries or probiam ithung 10 
your advertisement once n las 
appeared, pte contact Our 
Customer Semins Depart meni 
by telephone on D1-4S1 4100. 


Otr JLB STEWART Would nkr le> 
imud mv KtaHiMW mends 
n a I tv lair Colonel Thomas and 

Mi -.Elbe 5R~art or wrnibomr 

pw write BOY C53 

iimi rktinl pwiiwi. a\ aiMMr 
lor ros'Luil Pdrtirt 23S 9128 

02 938 1337” 

-oil. ENEMY MINE .PG< Srp 
Pi i nr- Door*- Opnn Daily I 50 
345 bOD 6 15 Lab- Nrufll 
Stiou rn A hal Dams Own 
1 1 OOnm Rwlurr.1 prirm lor 
iimlrt |b'v Slurlrnl rard hoM 
M,. 1 UJO IMildns. Q -V 

fttoctnx 0 M 2394 cr 2*0 
9P61 741 9999. Fiml call 24 dry 
Y Ann 2*0 7200 Grp Sab-y 930 

the cocktail party 

bv TA. EUOT 

dllmnnl 437 4606 73a 9535 
Clrdll Cam HMIum 379 6565. 
741 9999 Grp Sal rs B36 

3962 930 6123. 




Rnirw Mauamnp 
[in BO Maw Vm 3 <Wrd 23 
July 6 * Si & Sal 5 

5> rum at 
9 00 Air 


93E- 2772 1 ] 1 TRIP TO BOUN- 
TIFUL <L ■ 2 30 4 45 6 60 A 
H 50 .2i AFTER HOURS >!5i 
S 00. 4 55. 7 VJ A 900 Seals 

-DiUhhk His Rote wun 
Rrai Gui» and Voter" Guardian 
For your toninttoim you can 
also book [hroutfl me following 
mill card oookinq m itea 
FIRST CALL 24 hrs 7 days. 

■ bkg leer on 01 240 7200 
TICK ETM ASTER 9am lo 9pm 7 
d*v» on 01 379 6*33 or any W.H 
SmtUi travel branch a at all 
Mai Wed A Sal 2 *S. 

St SI Janiv-'v.SM I TrfOI Mo 
An rvhibilion cd Srandmai un 
Painluyy. Mon Fri 9 50-5.00 

PRINCE OF WALES 01-930 8661 
2 CC HfUlinr 930 0B44 /3/6 Grp 
halm 930 6123 Ketm Pioww 
741 9999. FlrtR Call 24 hr 7 day 
240 7200 379 6433. 


t in 7 30. Mai Thur A Sal 3. 

QUEEN'S 01-73* 1166-7. 
0061 0120 01-459 3849 403l 



Pmf irom July 21 
Ooam AuguM 7 

ROYAL COURT S CC 730 1748 
Front 17 July A COLDER 
CLIMATE by Karim Airawt. 
Dir. By Simon Curb* A Max 

Stafford dark. E\e8 8 0. Sat 

Mats (from July 26) 4 O. 

Murder Mystery 


“The wary beet of Th r H Nri" . 


-Vtas/«rH7 arr beautiful 

LAUNDRETTE H5i 500. 9 rjo 

■ 1 5> 3 CO 7 00 Bnokatil- in ad 
t.urr Accpv>/\ rut Ur Bar 


IVOTILU. i- nrrrl.v <rv rn p.iiMiant 
I..-27 nl Ilir TRl hTl L Art 1*25 
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a.uin -1 ui .lit HvnitLhl ut Ihn 
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1 - li.-li-l.. miiiiim fu-rilil ikirlir 
mI.ii-. in iviiiiiiu ut hr- ri-um or 

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nu-iilh iin-*l Mi irl.iti.ln 10 II V dr 

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iih- 1 lain- >.iwriiM4t -tilrr HhMh 
ft. air llll- P-alAll- nl Ihl- drtT-wrd 
Ulll t»- iliHnhuirfl hv lib- |vivon,ii 
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SIIITI Nolllllflll.1111 ING1 SUO 'p.'l 
I C » notii uor» 10 the r.M-r ulw v nl 
lli»- -wiwl Dviuwil mi 01 tv-torr 
.■TMli Si-ptrniliii 1 996 

SAVOY Box Office 01-836 8888 
CCOl 379 6219. 836 0479 E.vgs. 
7-43- Wed S Sal 6 A A 30 









jt-.'vji; 1 

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TOUNC vre STUDIO 928 6563 
Last pert Ton’C 8pm. OWybf 
ProduMMoa in 
KgUnun'l “TO ALL M 

l«U panvulars 10 T>-REH 
RO\Bt HCH & CO. wlirllorv. 
U ha nidi ) Hot isr WhynuiV Ato- 
ntv. t ondun N03 brforr 1 9th 
.VTtienthrr 198o 

IO. Arnvr Road. Hove, [al 
Sussex, u kb died on I2ih day of 
t et|. is.iTV 1986 P.irfKUlafs fa 
Ml SbRS L 8 MARKS 4 CO 01 5 
RuKluxb- Slim. London Vs 1 A 
3 \X. not latrr than loin hrptrm- 
rvi i’)Ho 

Help us to help you. 
Ring before 10 a.m. or after 
5 p.m. weekdays. 
Saturdays 9 a.m.- 1 p.m. 

It seems everyone wants to advertise in 
The Times Classified, which means that 
throughout the day our switchboard is often 

not rake 

gf^rlooo and avoid the rush hours. 

| jL)i- fia 1NDAV TIMES 

relJg rdSKt TIMES 



NORTH Brum 6 21 UXUy Hap- 
pi Birthday and wrtronte to the 
world Lovr Mum and CUM. 


TENNIS ■ PiWrvsMtfVtl roarhutg 
Itir Jiimots all MAiKlurds Aurd 4 
ns IH ttsus ittu him Sulinnrr 
lints Compel || imyv * video 
.tiktlv sis Tel 01 2*10 1985 
COMPANY GOLF Devs uuonlsrM 
ini stall at r usloim-f sAiiv to 
I.IIIIM1 Tel 0754 872722 
FRICNDSHIP, Lovr at Marrune 
VI! .Kirs .nistv DMFfUn*. D> OI 
2S Aiiniudnit Rtsitl. Lon 
linn Um Trl 01 95U ICO 1 
BREAKAWAY. London S t luh I nr 
Piiflf-suniMl uiwIMlrlwtl pi'oplr- 
25 4 lover 200 evenls rnnuin- 
IV 7-1 III min I opr. 097 7994 
SELECT FRIEN05 Cxrlinivr in 
ll/.llM ImifS l-» UM- UILUl4"'IK-n 
3 m M.Hlilos hit eel. London Vs 1 
Telf-lllHMU' 493 9937 
ev REQUIRED 7 Contact Uwhc 
pens. Trlrpbow. 05720-77939 


Qiil.nn's IivhIiihi espeits irare 
\ljl If AKCTbrORi* wrilr lo 
ACIIILV |.\ICAT9 '19611 Od. CaitlPtnills. Kent 

C'll IBAT Tel 0227 462618. 

WHEN IN LONDON rent a TV or 
inlfss if\- dnv uk or month 
TOPS TV Ol 720 4469 


Un.iiliied sour iiois Cl trl + 
V \ r * sumilaid Disnuisr- 
niellls Riihi 0244 319598 


lniui u-ini R.H niond Birlt A 
I n v. I ismis 6 llivrslinpills 


uf i h. ms loiqe mnlois bom- 
i.h-s Hi-sks * luiirausOl 585 
0148 228 2716 d jv nignl 
OLD GOLF BOOKS umiied. Tel. 

02015 Me* 





Wool m Berbets tram £3 95 per 
so yd t VAT. 60% Woo/ Heavy 
Domeac Wilton £J3B5 per sq 
yd t VAT & many attar great 

148 Wandsworth Bridge Rtt, 
Parsons Green. SW6. 

Tel: 01-731 3368/9 

Frea tsdaiabs - Eipnt nttng. 


Handmuki made tOineaBn Sboes 

Prices front £7B 

TEL 01-251 8658 


ti C4*. Vidros II L99 91 Lower 
Mounr SI SVl'l. 730 0933. 

Biarthan Mahogany, dining u>- 
hhw in Ihr Sheraion A 
ChiptM-mlalr nuniin inane IO 
r I mills spec iiiraiiom L'niuniied 
. hon e ol ohur* MdrtKMirdV dts 
plav rdMims 6 nook vases, 
hi'ittrix-d nr Henley on 
Thames iO«91 1 641115. 

SCHfi (M-rtKHilh ‘0202 ‘ 293580. 
Topsluni Devon 1 059 2871 
7445. Berk lev Glos 104531 



Tbgether we can beat it. 

Wb fund over one third of 
all research into the preven- 
tion and cure of cancer in 
ihe UK. 

Help us by sending a dona- 
tion or make a legacy to; 


Research Ml ._ 


2 Carllrm HnineTi-rrike. E 
(Drpim2/7 LnndfinSWiY 5ARJ 


FINEST -I'kilitv i. nm i. iiiims VI ihiii- wmI iliuli'l -8-ai 

,i. .ul.ilih- 107 - i-sli.i l .11 -r 
liifilM size U-nilMMs 'mii I n h-lU |1 hi € luiiueiv t 'ji pels 

"I 4' >5 ru53 

TWO TICKETS H.-I srals Wl 

I miiiiufl '.u al nth mlhlhrWni 
.1 iiniiib Ulllies|,ii un 
Vvisliiisnirii olh Viner-i 19t*6 al 

Viiiiiiil>i Vi'-iia in iris muled 
l.f sfuutfi >0?5Ji JUsHt' 

THE TIMES 17W-19SG. umri 

l.lii-. .rt.lil llJinl IniuiKI irsKlv 
Jin {Kf-M-rMiilKni .Usd 

■su.ii.Lus" 1.12 50 Remi-fiihrt 
Vv iien rij oHH 0325 


Sliiilmlil I Np. C'Ihss Lis Mis 
M l lli.siln- .mil spoils 
111 H2I 66 to M2M0495 
Vis Vls .1 Duwl' 

BIRTMDAY OUC 7 la"- sunusim- 
>ni ihhuimI lime* ■srifspaimr the veil U.IV inov «eie 
Inn II i: 1.7 60 0492 31-503 


ln'\ s s.ili- ol my ssonl 

iiM'i sksl Hribet /m pel m C 2 99 

,n I -uisi| - V Vf Ol 7Sp 5196 
iih- inis rtt N.iliOH«-ide 

.11 Iif.-IM-S T.H lor-acn B 50059 
• U ill- - 

SEATFINDERS -Vlll isrniin Les 
Mis tartentfjdli ImjHI tsp. 
1 .1% iiflrlnyiinn' Ol 82U lo7B 
VI.ll//f /f/vlll /Jiff* 

isi un lyu s ami all ihraim oi 

71*1 k2«5 


■ Hi i .III son IMIS rheain-iV 8 6 
■S 1 1,1 Ol 229 1947 (tde8 
An -n i ■ —.ilr. GiDsvenai M OI 
491 2706 



SWB DELIGHTFUL modernised in Genrijian' House 2 
Inslini. inzep kil. ha Hit m. palto 
find dui/fm laiw fef preferred 

Vnv . niivn-ul Cilv ttes) End 
\ v .nl I ViiumsI 86 Cl 50 pu 
Tel Ol T5V T765ID4SI01 874 
M3H9 ij u * 

CHELSEA Kmqnisbndge. Betqra 
via. Piiiima. HestminsMT 

liiMifs lustrsr* and llatv avail 
ante im long or short W*. 
Ph-.f*p ring lor rut rent Inf. 
C /j# il/*-. po Bin k Ingham Palare 
Rrt »7Vv i 01 828 8251 

STN HAMPSTEAD, dt* von hate 
nsf.-ll.-lll l.isle> taattl VfMCKH&.. 
well iiiled 3 hert lirs aopt . qul 
el ii-ttliiil good l.jr Uuuspoil? 
fill l SiP In. or 431 1265 

HKHGATC Comfort aide 2 hnt 
I ,i i in I v Iliil -Vv Ail lug usl. M 
1 mu- fill i oitv MtiefM vvillt Jgp 
min Plisis .1111 nrtMilMurnoof] 
'.2unp«* I el Ol 548 o4?5 

newly renovated Hal. Fully he- 
nrthed to high tamtam. Large 
mm. dining or guest bed area, 
double beard room, kitchen/ 
bmklaet room. Wh. Lana let 
C28S P.W. TefJ089Z J 890396. 

RICHMOND WU. Luxurv Miro 
in I Lit P.imH antir view*. 2 
ilmihle insliooms t rneptian, 
kilt iwii A lultiroDni. bUtltcn 
.uni shups 5 mins Vvaiijhle im 
ni> ' Llnfi pu Tv'lOl 
o5«U <lCI4i 02S 123 
424° dtlei 6 » P m 

Ins tints hiilM-fc 1200 L 1000 

p vv t stbti lees tro PhilhRs 
kuv * 1 evvis. houlh m Ihe Park 
ITt'-Vasi eln/e. 01 552 Mill or 
Viiiili ot the Path R.genl'* 
Jt.nk nun r. Ol 680 9H82 
lh>- best sriid IH-n in Iumii v lur 
ni*fiiii iiftis m Kensiiiqlon. 
I TH-tsl -,1 kMiHtlhJjlfd'n- Mav 
1 , in -si kihiis Vlnmt and 
I I.IUIIK la-.tll 01 244 7355 
A SPACIOUS Hnff .I 0 bmill/*l 2 
flnlililf- nertnnHiml .ItNIItnteill in 
rksHuiiin 'rink. tViin /Uv ten 
lie lull! iiilllhhert to Irf 
innnivuiU'li caOOpin * irt'A 
ali-ln/sll -0225' uOTw 

WIMBLEDON I u\ 2 R‘tm Hal 
III Mill f /'IP- <41 trt 1140 pv* 
lu Im jtuui IH Oi 543 4W9 


University of Dundee 
degree awards 

The following degrees have been 
announced by the University of 

Faculty of Medicine and 

K R Andcnon: S M O Bradshaw: E C 
Sail*: C M Cedtfn; F J LvdM: N D 
Maihcson-- L I Mrnr. A J Moroon: s 

Bachelor of Medidne and 
Bachelor of Surgery 
j C Motwani 1 Hons L R L Soular 
(Honsit KMD BuSvbyt S E Allen; P P 
S Baker-- D r Balbes: j A 
Bartok: K J Bert: R K Bhabutla: D G 
M L Bowen: L E Bruce: J H 

L M Cam or on: □ a Camp- 

Srii. A G Cardno: J Catooett: F w 
Gtnen: K T Ch ug: POasper. B AUit D 
C FOoikA: L M Cook: CM Cox: Z I 
Currie: FT H Dawn: H F D'CfKta: P 
r Dirk; M W A Dodd: N Dowden; R ~ 
D Duncan: M R Elder: M w English: 


w Gardiner: M H Ghosh: F M 
Graham: C E tJuUine: G M Gulhrte: P 

s Guv: o A Halstead: c Hill; c e 

Devenll: D j P ransdale: M D 
Domlrtqur: K W Dow: C M Gold: D 
Cray: M D Haley: A Hill. D R HoM! D 
J knowfn: K A LarooiWi: M C 
MacDonald: A M McKelvie: D J 
McLaren. R D McWHUam: I b S 
Middleton: S R Moms: J A Morris: w 
C mom: B A Neito. K M Palmer; 8 J 
Porteous: S RAW; I P Smith: E Spanos: 
A C H Suggeft. A C Twlgge. 

Faculty or Law 
B Admin 

Second Clou H p na on : a K Chapman. 
M w Kydd. J NtcoU. D M rrasdaie- 
Second Ctut Honour* (DMdpn M:E A 
mark burn. CEL Brauen. D ECnwie. 
J G Gardner. M A Glenn. M R Hal lam. 
F M Mackliuicn- B J Manson. R 
ParekhVj H Retd, N J F Smith. H C 

Onttmq: S A Froser. c F Hamilton. A 
5 HasUitgs. R I Mason. F AMewH. s 
E MlHer’ K W PatUiUo. P Roy. L C 
Short. A M Want 

HIGH PRICES jffTK -V/-/I In t line 
ii.fiiiifiiv. i a ihiidien. rtnblimis 
liuiiilulr 6 iiLitfsl Itislls in 
llililsinis Chilfltr-in S.lle 
H-fl'l fjllls Mllllhllhlll pul I ol tlx- 
Sfiti ]„(. n*h la LMCll to 
l.tki- driv .iriLvp- al t-xt •4ti , /il 
ihii.s i ihiLhI \le-t-ni Ljnrtati 
Ol 5H4 9iol Bonfwiiis Monl 
in fi»i si LiuhTijii kk 7 IHH 
Ii'iiiiiius jiuiiijIs. etr . f* Jll I 
t>l Ol bk5 0024 




l 4 -i>,iiiir irrtin liuiis an avnr 
|MO I|,-u a rrsl'Wrrl uivlru- 
ru nts Lnnvriiiro aim wl'-s 
V7III .- I in- uLvHXiui- 30a 
IlndUMle Rd. Mv 5. 01 267 

7o”( i ns- ritfafo/fue 
mijIiiki tooth luilhddV 
.-si --rarrjiai rose wood puna 
I ‘lie l.ifl sale due fa litfuy 
liiove IJIfets 06285 26870 


P '2 etionv . vi legs- -s/r rood 
Imtitl vile L2 950 Tel. 


•uni iiHandtlianert Qiulilv al 
i/.r.nn.iW/'WHrs 52«> BiiqhHni 
Rd.NCiavdMi 01-088 5513 


FREE! Blnms new hnln Cat a 
l.eiin- ■>] rntoiuf ill p-zgn. 
ffniiiltrrts nr colour rartirtes of 
In ill-, .iiifl llowers plus usnul 
tlltiwiiiu hints Witn Jb oinsfT 
ulive gol/l medals at Clielsna. 
i/M/'/e itMj/Ad m ihr- r«-»i 
Wimp Ren Atom. Dept Tit 
1 eav (Ktien. Wattnrd. WU2 
7BH Or Phone 0923 072071 
■24 hi si 



vetv dice to tuhe iv West End 
anc Cdy and convenient lot 
Hextntom 2 ooubte oadrooms 2 
sjvie Oedmoms 2 reuonons. 
2 Baihrooms immedraav av»h 
able £300 per week 

Tel: 01-998 7668 or 
01-995 4385. 

CAMDEN SQ- Comfortable house 
Bi'.itilitulH luintsnrd and 
rompm Sips 5- «> 5 rereo. Ml. 
S isnns >1 pii suite*, dressr m. 
Wan 22th Jul 5in SPP ^225 
pvv i .eg Tec 01 4S5 6526. 

5W1 PfMUCO. dose shops tube 

C,w 2 ta-dioom. lop lloor llal. 
Loiiiiw-. kit mrerowave a hath. 
Streps 3 8 week let al CISQpw 
Ot 821 7943 01 671 0476. 

HOLIDAY LETS. From C200 pve 
In L 3.000 pv% TCI Ql 4566086 
anvlmte *T>. 

KENSINGTON WS Snnnj garden 
llal. \ agile magazine, lounge. 2. 
hrtis. L230 PW 602 5941 

CMNURMNi Come Jot JhP 
Games A 'Or Fesuval I Central 
l usurv Geer mart Home. Sleeps 
4 o uoo pvv Inrl Cleaner, 
eli Pht'iie 051 225 2067 
VIENNA. AUSTRIA, studio rial 
sleeps 2. 20 Milts Ott loot lo OP 
i-i.i a Centro Available haws 
Minimum May 2 wv. Tel: 01 
R7« lllO 

BAYSWATER Lux laiqe house in 
■liiu-l Sg 4 bed. 2 bath, terep. 
gill!. T\ . video. A* all 18th Jul- 
oWks L40Opw Ol 221 0591 
EDINBURGH Commoiiwnallh 
(j.'tivs spariovis ipnliai llal lo 
lit lioni l°lh JUtv Sips 6 C3U0 
I'Vi Tel 0585 851271 
ISLINGTON Sunuv Georgian flak 
3 liens. 2 nuns nine. 2b Jul> 26 
Vug ■■xsi* £130 DW 159 2831 
ISLINGTON. Nr. Angel Studio Avail now. 3 mounts. L70 
pw rn 0733- 252347 
initial London Itom £325 pv* 
Pina Tuwn Hse Ants 373 3433 


FLATMATES Sole/ live Sharing. 
Well i-M.ilr mu odurioiy vtvkp. 
Phe 1/4 inr appl. 01 58“ 6491. 
313 BiompUMi Road. S\S3 
SWS. DM rm in allraruve. spa 
nous t w-vs it ronv'Tted (ton itat. 
Close lube CH CBS pw 688 
<9464 X 2060 o 373 6815 H 
DULWICH PicJ T 25+ n v suit- 
nv n i. vjrtn C21 50pw * * t 
mil, lie-. Tel. Ol 693 6638 
N s In sh.vie llal. O R. CSOpvv 
in*. 1.4. Ol 625 4043 
4TH GIRL - deal er sguaie Cf-n 
■ nnm t^SOOpw Ol 7JS 38CO. 

HUGE LUX FLAT 3 muis Cilv 2 
dill.- twits. 25' Ige iillnrt kiirneu 
all ni.H limes Uvertooluig giuei 
Green Co 1 14. Orel £150 P w 
Tel 637 5388 Ml Pallaid 

WAMttD Sc Iilpfor 'rereni RCA 
ularti iliul rtoq. needs low renl 
* glume and barn lit r minus la 

■ ali'H* Reasonable an ev. .n 
I oiHten .Uad BR slallou nn es 
sin PtepniPd In re^inor.ile 
exiHh-nl irtereures available 
T.4 fl.inilslt Hoislev Oil Oi 736 
4035 ipiexi. 

LUXURY 8 Bed furn h*e Ju verv 
guu-l slinA Full! egiiipu/il Ml 
anil Iwiinmnni plus qui den. ten 
Hal heatnKi suit sh.ii res. Co 
U-l I el Ol 749 3368 

pmpi-ilv dVftilfU/U- Personal 
wivt/e 01 456 e08e am time 

REGENTS PARK H.nlev Hnuxe 

1 Mini It 3 Huh ? Heirp*. All. 

H i.isl Km. i Mill Rlh Unikmi. 

2 Halits. Rem * *. C 

i.loaOUlM 499 9981 

DOCKLANDS. Hmrses and Mats 
Hiiinnhniil Ihe /Ml Hands lUtV 
til 111 Iwwkliimts Piupeitv Celt 
lie. hi 4MH 4HS2 
KENSINGTON C.1 58 pvv I v etleul 
spu/ii'if* mil* (ui rtixfimf 'uu/ff'fi 
Hat 2 twiiiiiontx mill 2 per -ore- 

01 oil* 94o6 

llal G.iiaue A P.u king tdia 
teul llitimiw £750 prut No 
Wl>L~ („ let Ol 223 3347 
N7 ISLINGTON. LmMi gd» Hal 

2 tins KAB- UCH linn 
uuluiii t.W pw fills 'is 01 
rtls 2d04 


I >-■■•> luxutv set sued 
IIUIIMHH4U' Ol I *1 £350 pv* 
in T inn 3 M 1 5109 
WOODFORD GREEN, 3 hert lea- 

|>e- I'unige n I.isl III* LA ll 

>kIii f*u inslwxl ( K in ill! finwiii 
ins * ire/ im 01 321 Ke »3 
•till' Mil kem * in and new 
Lil 1 ! *vTi pw itti Ol 9 Jm 2395 
LOOKING im im- hesl rial, rin 
lilex limiv rn I niumn 
« )|» lis'ilpvv C-llI 6H9 54H1 
f "III.* I Mu li.nii ni Mu k lifts is 
si-dll ^ cm 403 T5KI 

JohnsKme: A I Jones G G Kane: N J 
Kay: A H Khan: D Klrkcddy: R Kumar: 
K H LatJCfi A S Lennox: S J Levin: K 
L Liu: R M LoCKe: A J Lockwood: R F 
McGinn:A H B MacGrogorr J D 
Mackenzie; A C Mackir: K A 
McKinney. A K M MacLean: A L D 
Moci eod: F J MacPttmon: A M 
Mac Roe: A E MIIAMI: B V Modi: C 
Morrlcon: E N Munr 6 .;V _C 
NavapurkAr A K Ns Cheng Him F 
pSrtSwTD R Paul: NR QureaN: S 
Reeder: A G BibW: B J S-nmersorv A 
snenoMkar; D M Stiver: N C Smeaton: 
SSoo: F K Stewan: A G Terrell; T A 
Thrower: D M TWwdif: P van 
Twuyver: M C M Walken K J 
wnuarm: A L Wood: J Y Yiannakou: 


Bachelor of Medical Science 

First Class Honours: T R Goodman 
(Medical MicrtWotogy). 

Sasomf Glass Honours (DMclon I): 
Darbai (Btochenucal Medicine): E J 
Davison (Medical Microbiology k m D 
Eaton ' Anatomy K T Gten rPhyswf- 
ogvi: S S Stan iptiarm&totogy); P A 
Smith i Medical Psychology t. 
sacood Class Honours (ptwtiioa u): M 
K Btwrdtval /MedtcalPoThoJOeyi: C 
Chauhan tPhamtacologyi; A D ChBU 
i Anatomy i F M Murray tAnaiomyi. 

Faculty of Sdnice 


First rjf Honoorc M J Allan 
iGeologyh A H Brunton im.lio 
biology r: J M Chang (ChemWtry- 
Cornpuier Sclente): M A J Chaplain 
(Applied MaihenvaUcsj D R Clarke 
(Computer Science- Dlgllal Mlero- 
eucaonmr. D A CU PSI one J Geology »: 
J E Drawford (Botanyl: G M Egan 
iChemtetryK M Emngion (Geology ■: C 
L M Green (Zoology): G j”Hearl 
i Mai hematics): M D Ironside (Chent 
islryi: A V Johnson iMaUiemaocs- 
Computer Science): T Lotzou 


any): P A M«r tPhysKsc T Ostenfrtd 
i Pharmacology h G P BoberU-on 
i Mathematics-Computer Science): D R 
GRodley iPhysKSR Alistair I Roy 
i Medical Microbiology): E C While 

i Accountancy -Mathematics): □ N 
Young tMedtcal Mtcrobfotogy). 

Second Class Henotvs (Dttrtskm D: S M 
Addty iMicrohtDlcxiyi: P Anderson 
t Accountancy Mathematics): K L 

Baker (Psychology): A C Barton 

(Pharmacology): S A Beck iPharma- 
coKxjyi: K H Bertie (Pharmacology): A 
L Biair (Medical MicroMoiogyt: ft 
Byers i Zoology i: B Callander l Botany k 
P G Chaplin (Biochemistry): J Clark 
i Microbiology ). L A Clink (Physlcs- 
Dtgllal Microelectronics): S J Cole 
iBiochemtstryr. A J Corley (Mathemat- 
fcs-ComtKUer Science): G J Crabb 
Iphysics-Dfflita) Microelectronics): E A 
Docherty iZoologyi; A Dolg 
i Mai he manes); K Donaldson (Bio- 
chemistry): K M Eioorough (Micro- 
biology - Microbial Genetics): R Eyion- 
Jones iMirroblotogyt C A Foster 
t Microbiology i; T A Hams (Geology* 
S M 0 Henwood (Medical Micro 
biology): D C Herald ipnannacotogyt: 
S J HigneU iBotany): C Houstey 
i Physiology!: C M Howlett IBIo- 
Chemtstry): R F HurreU tBlo- 
rhemlsiryi: D T _ Ingram 

■Blochemislry): S Jordan (Zoology# S 
Keith (Chemhttry): O S Laurence 
(Microbiology tMicrohlal Genetlcsi: B 
Me Derm on /Pharmacology): W j 

tgSX&gnSfa (Geology): a 
N McPherson (Geography): K 

tsssg'ss^ss^s^ju ; 

chenSS^D L MeMUe P A 

C Miles (Blochendsiry): k P S J 
Murphy * Physiology !; F A Ogtoom 
Piuniofogyt. D J Irotlock GPsychoi- 

UVUcrobtolofly/: A L Taylor tGeotogy): 
K A Thomson (Accountancy- 
Mathematics): G Thow iMkrotototooyh 
A M Ward (Chemistry): D C Wishart 
■Botany i: 

Becond QaM Honoen (DMsm ll): K 
A Adens (Microbiology): S J Anderson 
(Pharmacology!: K SAnfitls CPHystp- 
Dfgftal Microelectronics): K M Baird 
(Geology): C J BarrowcliIIe 
iMathemailcs-Compiner Science): H M 
Bath (Z oology i : H M Sett (Blo- 
rh.-mtetry’K _P F A Berry IBto- 
chemistry >: P H Blake (Physics): E S 
Borland lAceountancy-MathemaUcs): 
F H Brown (Physical: L Bruce 
i Psycho logy n P B Carter IZoologyi: B 
H C Che i Computer Science); T C 
Cock iZoologyi: K E Crawford fChem- 
tetn/fc K W Ftnlayson iBIochemKrrvi; 
F FUzhamck (Geotogy): K A 
(Zoology): Julia A Hatch <G« 

D A Holland (Biochemistry): G A 
Ingham iMlcrobloiogy Microbial 
Genetics); F Khan (Physiology): D A 
Leng (PtiyflcsK J C Lynn (Physiology »: 
P B McConnell <BKrChemierrv>: n 

MacDonald Uoology): C A 

iChenustry): E J McTagwt (Chem- 
istry): P N Maddocks (Physks): P 
Matthews (Pharmacology): P A 
Mordcnie ( Chemistry): DJ Murphy 

i Blochemislry k E Orr (Aceouolancy- 

Maihemaucst; A P Randall i Chem- 
istry n M J Sykes iBloctiendstry): H W 
T Vaughan iMlcroololom’/i K J virdee 
(Physiology I: M P While (Maihemai- 
tcsi: D A R Wdton (Microbiology;-. 

mini Class Honours C Davies 
(Medical Microbiology ): LT S Dfneen 
■ Physiology): B K Lister (Physiology) 
Ordinary: R A Rahman. E AihucKJe. I 
G Berry: ATS Btesek 8 J Burton: R F 
carter: L S Clark; s H Cronle: J 

Second Class Honours (DtvMon 1): E N 
C enrtotte. A M condte. s Finley. M S 
Goldman. AMR Good. L KcrmaiU/. D 
J Matmeson. D E Mfcftte. M D P 
Stephen. A A Summers. M Ward. D 

Seoood Class Honours (OMUm I) J 
A drain. M AILken. C J Anoerson. BE 
Arthur. D Black. LJ BurWnshaw. fm 
C auanach. Y K Christie. J W Combe. 

J M GronuHra. F F ,»*»««*• F c 
Hunter. C S Jones, k W Laudwr. M R 
Mclniosh. C McLaunMan. D C Ortlvy. 
R K Palmer. M R PaiMkm. JOC 
SiarK, S W Webser. P R Westcwt. 
Ordinary: C D Benson. S P M Hack. J 
C A Clinch. C w Carmack. C M Chun-t. 
R F Harrison. M J P Horn. T C 
Houston; R D Ireland. A L Johnston. C 
j Kennedy. W E Kina J H Law. S E 
McCracken. M A Manaw. A J 
Mitchell. S A MonmWf. MC 
Momson. C L Murray. OK Murray. 
G M Paul. R J Pollock. R Rhone y: S L 
Robson. I Roper -Caldbeck. G G 
R untie, j G Tnomson. 

Facnliy of EnRineeriag and 
Applied Science 
Bsc in Engineering 
First ctasi Honom W J Austin 
(EJectTOftlcs and Microcomputer sys- 
tems!. L T Blair r Electronics). N J 
Biandlord-Baker (Mechanical En- 
gineering). A C Brown i Electronics 
and Mkxocompuler Syslemsi. R A 
Hepburn (CUT) Ensmeerrns). F O Haro 
(Mechanical Engineering). 

Second CUM Honoon (DMsIou 1 ): J E 
Adair lElectronles). P Besley IClvU 
Engineering). M Blackley (Mechanical 
Engineering). S C Dtcfcson 1 CHU 
Engineering). D G Fuliarton i Mechani- 
cal Engineering!, a J Gorman 
(Electronics and Microcomputer Sys- 
tems!. RFC Green (Mechanical 
Engineering). S R Habibl i Elec ironies,. 
K Kayes (Electronics). D Mai loch i Civil 
Engineering). W N H Mowat rClvU 
Engtneerlnfi). I R Murray (Electronics 
and Microcomputer Syslemsi. T J 
Plaice (Electronics). J F Purfcls 
tMechanlcai Engin e er i ng), s Rooney 
t Electronics). P m Ryan (Mechanical 
Engineering j. [ M Thomas rElectron- 
ics). J R W.irdlaw (Mechanical En- 
gineering). K Zamanian (Electronics). 
J A Clegg iQvll EngineerinflL A W 
Davies i civil EJigineerlngi. M G B 
□empsier (Mechanical Engineering,, j 
A Dodd (Electronics), t J Fraser 
i Electronical. P Galsos I Meehan leal 
Engineering l. S G Hodgson (Electron- 
ics). J M Jackson i Civil Engineering - 
Economics!. P D Jowsey (Eleclronlcs 
and Microcomputer Syslemsi. M 
Keenlevside (OvU Engineering). A F 
Kennedy (Electronics*. M S Lodge 
(Civil Engineering). K A Longtnuir 
i Electronics). K E Morrison iMechanl- 
cal Englneeruvo). J S Null tClvU 
Engineering,. E J Slnfleld (Mechanical 
Engineerlngi. P G Smith (Mechanical 
Engineering). A F Watters ■ Electron; 
MSI. S S Weedon 'Civil Engineer! run s 
C Vales (Mechanical Ej 
M Zahrace i Mechanical 
Third Can Homan: M D Allerton 
(Civil Engineer) nqi. I W B lack 

i Eleclronlcs,). T M Booth ( Electro nksi. 
M S Brown i Eleclronlcs). J A Bruce 
(Electronics and Microcomputer Sys- 
lemsi. 1 □ Clarke iClv-ll Engineering). 
A L Duncan (Electronics*. D. R Ho Engtneefina). N j Murrell 

(Electron Ifsi. K ti le Rtehe iMOaiant- 
cai Engineering). A E C PhllUps 

(Electrical Engineering i. ASA Shahln 
lOVII Engineering). M L Walker 

/Mechatueaf Engineering). 

Ordinary: W O Chan iwith Commenda- 
tion,. APR Box. W J Campbell. R 
Cun idle. E Daggas. A S ForsyUi. J 
Cnl fin. S M Heywood. M H JwWm. 
C R F Leather. P B Morris. K J 
Moulton. K OMare. M S D V 
Quezelha. P C Roberts. M 
Roychowdhury. K Samaln. J S Smith. 
B A Soianke. W S O Tam. H 
Tork pour. W WisntewskL 

Faculty of Arts and Social 

First Class Honours A R Cassidy 
« English -PhUosoohy): H J Sampson 
i Accountancy): S Sim (English): GW 
Smith * German- Modem History); C D 
D Smith (Poiittcat Science) 

Second Ctei Honours (OOrtalou l): S G 
Barclay lEngUsh-Piuiosphyi: s c 
Barnett < Acroun lancy -German) : L A 
Beal (Economics- Political SaenceL J E 
Boyd (French- German); j D Brown 
(Accountancy): S R Brown ) Poll l leal 
Science): 8 J Brown (English): C G 
Buicher 'Geography): D J_ Butter 
lEconomks-Phuosophyi: A P de V 
Carey (English Modem HlsiocvV S M 
C Cochrane (Pvychofogyi: M p 
Copland iPodUcai Science): D L 
Camming (Psychology): M Docherty 
(Modem History/: A C B Duke 
(Eiwliahj: R D Fallon r Amen can 
Studies-Modern HWorvn a D Fer- 
guson (Economics): □ R Flnam iMOd- 
em Hfelory-PoUUcai Science): J M 
Ceddes iConlemoorarv' European 
‘ udles- Political Science); V L Gourlay 
cial Administration i: R C 
kersion 'American Siudies-Modern 
Hisioryi: L J Hammond (Social 
Administration); J L Harding (Political 
Science i: S Hill (Psychology*: S W 
Hogg iPhUocoDtiy): D M Houston 
'Psychology): V M lanetta 'English. 
Modem Hlsloryr E G Johnston 
i English c C Kennedy (EngUah-PoUUcai 
Science): G Khaw«|a (French -Ger- 
man,: W Lynch , Economics): I C 
MacDonald 'French -German); M R 
Mr Kerr i Accountancy i; C H Masde 
i Modem Htsiory-poll ileal Silencer. A 
May < English- Psychology); A Milner 
'Geography*: S H MoffatiEnAlshK A J 
Murohy (Geography): S R Neale 
(French- Modem History n A W Nelson 
(Accountancy): B A NKroll (Modern 
HMory-Polutcal Science c L A Nlcoll 
(English i: w T Nugent i Accountancy- 

Psychology): S D Reid 'PSWhplOW- 
Social AdmmisiraHom: TA RMfTtoJg 
<En9ll6h', B A BiCTsaf' 

Hislorv Psychologji: L C Sander^n 

(Geography' - D D s>coil lActoxuvfanci- 
PoliiicalScicncei; S M S/nlor 'Ffendi- 

German*: C G Strulh iPouucai Scence- 
Social AdminWralioni: k LSlelnhardl 
iPsy-chofogyc E D ^epherPpn^ «E*»; 
alishi. M C Stewart iFrcnch-CenrianL 
C J Stibto lACCOuniancy i G fc 
Vawdrev 'Geography': B A M-a^ner- 
Hodgkin (Pnifoophyi: J J. . wa<1 
(Political Science i: 


SMsud Cuts Honours Dhftrteu 8 0 5 

Mion iPoMicai SranccvSuriaJAjdimn- 
wraiioni: A w A null iConieinporary 
European Sludles-German): D A C 
Banks 'English! c E Bannock «g«- 
giivn): S e Bonser (French PhUofr 
ouhyn J E Brannan 'Con rmPorafY 
European Studies-Modcm Hteloryu M 
K A Brewer 'Modem HlXIorvi: O S 
Brown 'English i. C L Burnle iConiem- 
ocrarv Euro peart Sludhrt -Juris- 
prudence n P A Byers iGeographVJ- S 
E Chalmers i French -Ccnnani, G M 
a el land > Geography n DOM CorkhlU 
'Modem HtslonrjL A Crabb 'Modern 
History- Pol i leal Science': J Cropper 
'Political Science- Social Admlnhlfa- 
UunK D Devine iModrm HWorv*: H L 
Donovan i Psychology r I G Dowai] 
i American Studies (V*;flcal bCfeBee*. H 
Duncan 'Geography': P A EnmHh 
< Economics r. J S S Faruuharson 
'Geography!: A Flight lAccouniawy- 
Cconomicvr. a R w L French 
'Economics*: S M dies iConlem- 
porarv European Studies GermanLM- 
A L Gordon (Accouniancyi: M Granl 
i Contemporary European S** 11 !?; 
Political Science): C E Hanes - ipobncal 
Science*: E M Hcndenon iGeographi - *; 
M A HllUer (Accounianryi; H M L 
Hobson (Contemporary European 
Studies Modem History). J J Houston 
i Accountancy*: C M Kelly iFrc/Kh- 
Germani: N a Kemmeil (Modem 
History- political Science/. S A Ken- 
nedy * Accountancy is A J Kerr 
iFrench), M C Lamb , Pol meal Science- 
Social Admin (Straiten r. S A Laves 
(Frenetic MED Lewis iPwchotegyr. 
C Lome (English Poll Ural Science" J 
H McClure i English Psychology" J 
McOirracfi /Engflsh-Psyc hology « B E 
McKelvey i Psychology Social Adrnln- 

Klraliom: w McLaren i Modem Hls- 
lory Political Saenri'i. S A Mamofr 
rSocial Admimsiralion*. N P Mason 
(Modem History" S Mather (Modern 
Hisioryc A A Mettle lEiWWsh-Grog- 
raptu'i: P G Middleton icontemporon/ 
Euiowan Studies Modern Hislory'j 0 
M Mint I A merman Studies* English': F 
S Moodie (Geography K M A MuMJVjn 
i Social Administration). B A Murohy 
'Economics" J S NeUson 'Erallsh- 
Soclal Administration i; J M NlmmJrM 
(English -Psychology i. k ^ Paierson 
(Modern Hisiorv-political Science): J 
W Paul i Psychology!: M J Raid 
i English ■: J L Pearson 'EnWBh- 
Modem HHlory *: A D P*fiP«- 
lArrounianry Econonilcs*: E A Pirn- 

Prime i Modem HNory-PMJUral ISO- 
eneei. A ScarraK (Etitffsftk RS'™'" 
(Accountancy" A C Soave tPollhf^ 
Science). I Sira chan lAccpuniancvL B 
Thomson tPnilosophy Politic al Sci- 
«ite»; J L Turtyne (French GeirnMi" 
r p M Wall iPoiiiicai Science-Social 
Admimsiralion i. C U Wearmouin 
lEJigllxh-Philowphvt: A J While 
(PoliUcal Science-Social AdmlnfStra- 
uom; F G M White .Modem HteiojV- 
Social Adminislrauon" E B wuioe 
(Modem Hfetery PoliUcaJ Science lR 
G Williams i Economics*. 0 J Wilson 
/Conie/nporarv European Studies- 

TMrd Class Honours: H M Contes 
iConiemporaiy European Sludiej- 
Modem History*: K A Colbronj Mod- 
ern Hisiory -Social Admimsiralion I: H 
J Demon (French German" D G 
Dunbar 'Coniemporary European 
Studies Jurisprudence" S W fertW*®" 
* Accouniancyi: h S R Hamilton 
iPsychoiogyi; J B MacCalman lAibMT- 
can Studies': J G Wilson (English) 
Ordinary: K M Amess: P J Bari on: S M 
Beaten. N B Benned. W D Brown: M 
E Caines. S E Clayton; C AO ose: OB 
Court, c J Crac knell: G A Crone: A M 
Gavine. R Mather. A L S Mudie: J, T 
Rav: M E Roberta: A H Robertson: J A 
Thomson; G G Woodfine 

Master of Education 
Second Class Honours (DMsioo I): H 
□aired: S C Kydd: J Moln J 6 Morris: 
RF Murray: P Snell: w M Tocher 

BA: F C Wluttet: R H Young 
aaonelar oi Education 
A C Buchan: C E Ckvg: F H Farmer: F 
P Garland: E A Holmes: E S Lacey: k 
Lister: L J Lyden. E M McNaughion: 
G A Mailer. G M Shaw: P Smith: C k 
Wetn A Wylie 

Faculty of Environmental 
B Arch 

First mass Honour*: c I Campbell: r m 
C ulhnertsonc: M L Orr: H Sskales: P 


J -Ruling lEnglish- 

Socodd Clou Honours (phrtston »: K R 
Black: A P Cameron: J Guest: MSB 

nnm Class Honours: N C Beat an; F K 
Chin: A C Dmer: W Z fcmail: N C 
Lemon: J A McCann: F Middleten; J C 
H Ng: K Renton: B G Robinson - - D C Y 
Tsarg: A G Walker: G O Wilson: M 

Pass P C Bruce: R P Crosby: R E 

BSc in Architecture 
Ordinary: O A F M AbdalLa: 1 A AJ- 
Saheal: K J Baswll: P D Bell R L 
Buchan: B C Clark: M G Dixon: A CC 
Donaldson: M A Fisher: D W 
Greenock: S J Gregory’: N S Hlll-s: CJ 
Hlnde: J P Hunter. M B Ireland: J D 
Jones; W A Keys; E J KJUnek h K 
Lad: M P VV Lamden: F McCokkui: L C 
Macdougaid: F C Mabey: F Maouire; 
R C Massey: R E Morrow. - N K Moss: 
F Moussav t: N F Mowall: .CD 
Mvududu. - D No: G k iv No: K D J 
O'Donnell: N P O'Neill. C Palerson: A. 
Rate Uf fe: D H Reid: S A Slater. B J 
Wans: S L Wilson 

BSc in Town and Regional 

Second Clam Honours fDHdtfan lli K S 
Barley; D A Black; E M Gomaif. W J 
Mann: C A Ortlepp: k A Wilson 
Second Class Honor** (DtHtston Di e J 
Cook. A D Cooke: P Doheriy: G N 
Duncan: P Eggteion: M K Freeman: A 
M McGrory: R J McRae: M R Pickup: 
A C Thompson; J Williamson: P N 

Third Clau Honours: D S Cowan: M T 
Da v les: § Marshall : J C-Y Siu 
Ordinary: 5 L Cantwell: S C Christofi; 
L Eiderfleld 

Oxford University 
Oass Lists 

The following Gass Lists have 
been issued by Oxford 

Experimental Psychology 

Cfux t S J Begun. Som, Varadean 
SFC: D J Gardner. SI J. Si Mary-sC. 
Southampton: N J Lowcock- COC. 
Culford S: G P Richardson. Ch Ch. 
North Kesteven S. 

Clan ll (OMsIon 1): j Aid house. Som. 
Si eyres S. Penarth: K R BUzard. 
Jesus. Harrow Weald SFC: A J 
ByngnaJL SI J. W Ellis S R K 
Car nr. Som. Bucks C of Higher Ed: .. 
J Cassaday. L'nlv . Guernsey Girls GS: 
C G OumeL Wadh. no school given: S 
P Davies. LMH. Radley C: K S G 
Hancock. RNC. Chichester MS: L S 
Hams. St J. Woodford County H.H: L 
X HeUieringiDn. Jesus. Durham US: j 
A Kesteven. Ball. Bremside HS: R i 
Owen. Unlv. Bolton S: A M Oxley. SI 
Hiteh. Maidstone Oris S: 

Unlv. Exnail Grange S: 

Ma “ , Rotherham C of Ai . _ . - — . 

thson. wadh, Slonyhurst GTS 
R Stein. St Anne. Haoerdashers 
Aske - s Oris S: E C Wade. St Ed H. W 
Kirby GS: Rosemary N J ' Watford. St 
cam. st Paul's Ctm S; CR wesson. 
CCC. Cratomounl HS: J R Wills. St Ed 
H. BramhaU HS. Cheshire. 

Oass II (DMstoo T): H A AFMannai. 
Som. Wlspere S: S G ABVon-.Sl HUd. 
wailhamrtaw HaU. Sevenoaks S E 
Buckley. SI Caih. Emmbrook Corn 
Wokingham: T W D CaboL BsML W 
Ellis S: S M Eagle. St J. Wellington; C 
S Hartand. Wore. Westminster &. . 

Psychology, Philosophy and 

dais k C M Cresswell fPsj’chol & 
Physiol i, Kend. BramhaU HS: H R 
Salisbury (Psychol & Phil*. St Anne. 
Leighton Park S: N J Sturman 
iPsycnoi & Phil)- New. Otago Unlv. 
New Zealand. 

Clan H (pMston )): M Anlonlou 
■ Psychol *, Pdvsfofi SI Hite. St 
Dominic'S SSFC: CM Baker (Psychol 
& Phlii. Keble. pt>e« univ: N G 
Betuson (Psychol Phil). Qu. 

Bramshll! Pofioe SOafT C: I K Brown 
< Psychol .* _P.nijL Som. O.sip 
hared talskole; T K Crompton fPhll & 
Physteii. Unlv. Gresham's S. Holl: B L 
D Evellnp (Psychol & Phm. LMH. 
Feiies C: J F Healy (Psychol * Phil! 
New. UrsuLLne convent HS. Brent 
wood: S J Hobday (Psychol & 
Physiol). BNC. Stowe: L C KateUan 
iPhif A Physteii. New. Mfrtugan Unlv: 
h e Moss (Psychol & Phil*. L'mv 
Padworth C. Reading: P J P Noqrdhof 
(Psychol A Phlll. New. Laivmer Upper 

5 k n Phillips (Psychol &.PhUL New. 
SI Paul's Girts S: R H C Smith 
i Psychol & Phil). Wore. Richmond 
upon Thames C- H Sutherland 
(Psychol & Phili. SI Anne. Maids Ip ne 
CS: P M Taylor zpsychot & Phl/L 
New. GJenabnond GAT teTiiide iPhil 

6 Physiol i. New. Hilts Road SFC. 
Cambridge - . R A Wyttenbach (Psychol 
A PhUi. New. Kansas Unlv. 

Ciasc R (DMsJon 7): A E Aobeblyl 
* Psychol 4 Phystoii. Si Hlkl. KMarv 
& Anne S- Abbots Bronuey: Julie 

Herman (Psychol * Phlii. Si HUd, 
Bryn Mdwr C. US: R J R Johnson 
(Psychol A Phili. Kcbte. Abbolsholme 
S: 4 C Thomas (Psychol 4 Pfiifj, 
Wadh. Mlllom s. 


In ihe list of degrees issued by 
Bristol University’ ihe following 
names were omitted from ihe 
BA in English section: 

Second class (division 2): C D 
Carrol): B D Connell: J M F 
Ford: S J Guy: V B Hembling; A 
J Lcyland: C F Lindsay: ABC 
Moody: A C Nolan: S T 
O'Hagan; H F C M Pairick- 
Smilh; J H Sal way; PAS 
Slathers: S J Wicsen danger. 

Third class: J Takhar. 

In ihe list of degrees issued at 
Bradford, M C S Clements and 
M Mansukhani should have 
appeared in the BSc Economics 
second class first division. 



Law Report July 12 1986 


Duty to rehouse indefinitely Middlesex look 

... * Oinnwl fnr the flooiicant also • j j ~U ' 

Rggjpa ▼ Camden London 
Borough Council, Ex parte 

Before Mr Justice McCowan 
[Judgment given July 7] 

Where a person occupying 
short-life property on a three- 
month licence uas made home- 
less as a result of a fire, the local 

authority in fulfilling their 
obligation to house him under 
section 4<5)of the Housing 
(Homeless Persons) Act 1977. 
v/as required to secure that 
accommodation became, a vad- 
able for his occupation indeti- 
nitely and not just for the period 
of the licence. 

Mr Justice McCowan so .held 
in the Queen's Bench Division 
when granting an application by 
Mr Jeremy Wait for judicial 
review of decisions of Camden 
London Borough Council, dated 
August 9 and 22. 1985, to 
discharge their duty to the 
applicant to secure him accom- 
modation pursuant to section 
4(5) of the Act by securing him 
accommodation only until 
November 19. 1985. 

Mr David Watkinson for the 
applicant; Mr David Anthony 
Smith for the council. 

said lhai in May 1985 the 
applicant occupied a flat which 
was one of a number in a block 
under licence from an organiza- 
tion known as Short-Life 
Community Housing (SCH). 

That body made arrange- 
ments for the use and pecula- 
tion of property acquired by 
local authorities for demolition 
or replacement They were 
familiarly known as shon-lue 

SCH permitted the applicant 
to occupy the flat under licence 
from SCH. The council planned 
to carry out works on we 
property in August 1985 which 

would have required vacant 
possession. , A 

In consequence, the applicant 
would have had to leave by that 
date. On May 7, 1985 there was 
a fire as a result of which all the 
flats were either gutted or ren- 
dered uninhabitable. 

The council made 
arrangements, in respect of their 
responsibilites under the Act to 
provide flats for a period of 
three months. 

The council were satisfied 
that the applicant was homeless, 
had a priority need because he 
became homeless as a result of 
the fire, and were not satisfied 
that the applicant became 
homeless intentionally. 

The council accepted that by 
virtue of section 4(5) of the Act 
. they had a duty to secure 

accommodation for the 
applicant's occupation. 

The council did not accept 
that their duty under section 
4(5) was that they should secure 
that accommodation became 
available for the applicant's 
occupation “permanently" or 

The question was whether the 
council had to secure that 
accommodation became avail- 
able for the applicant's occupa- 
tion indefinitely. 

There was no suggestion of 
the council taking up the sugges- 
tion made on behalf of the 
applicant that they could con- 
tinue to provide short-term 
licences indefinitely. 

The applicant relied, inter 
alia, on the words of Lord 
Denning, Master of the Rolls, in 
R v Slough Borough Council, Ex 

Counsel for the applicant also 
referred to the words of Lord 
Lowry in Din v Wandsworth 
London Borough Council 

([19831 I AC 657, 677-8) where 
he said; . 

... the accommoda- 
tion referred to in sections 3(4) 
and 4(3) is intended for tem- 
porary occurtauon and ... the 
accommodation mentioned in 
section 4(4) and 4(5) is for other 
than temporary occupation, 
since there is no temporal 
adverbial qualification of the 

word 'occupation'.” 
i ally the aj 

finally the applicant relied on 
Puhlhofer V HiUin 

. f Hillingdon London 

Borough Council ([ 19861 2 WLR 
r cuic 

259, 278) whop, into- alia. Lord 
Brightman said: “The duty of 
the local authority to secure that 
accommodation is made avail- 
able to the homeless person is 
accordingly confined to the 
homeless person with a priority 
need: indefinite accommoda- 
tion if not intentionally home- 
less, temporary accommodation 
if intentionally homeless." 

It was submitted that all those 
dicta showed that the approach 
of the council was wrong in law. 

In making an analysis of the 
difference between section 4(2) 
and (3) on' the one hand and 
section 4(5) on the other, it was 
obvious that the duty cast on a 
local authority was a lesser duty 
under subsection (3) than it was 
under subsection (5) for very 
understandable reasons. 

Looking at section 4(3). spe- 
cific attention was permitted to 
be paid to the period to be 
provided. When turning to sec- 
tion 4(5) there was nothing like 
that to be found. 

His Lordship agreed with the 
dicta in the cases and the 

a v oioarn wroiijn v m in the cases and toe 

pane Mm Landon Borough appIicant was entitled to be 
Council ([1981] QB 801, 811) provided by the council with 
where he said: It is Slough s accommodation indefinitely, 
duty to secure that accommoda- _ M c 

lion is available for him indefi- 

nitely - and not merely for a CampbelLCamden; Mr Francis 
short time." 

Nickson, Camden. 

Duty to assist the liquidator 

In re John T. Rhodes Ltd 
Before Mr Justice Hoffmann 
[Judgment given June 26] 

Although the principles on 
which the jurisdiction under 
section 561 of the Companies 
Act 1985 should be exercised 
were well established, attitudes 
expressed in nineteenth-century 
fqw might now be obsolete. 
Those involved in the affairs of 
an insolvent company had a 
duty to assist the liquidator. 

Mr Justice Hoffmann so 
stated in the Chancery Division 
when dismissing a motion to 
vacate an order obtained by the 
liquidator for examination of 
the applicant Mr Richard Hay- 
ward. in relation to the affairs of 
John T. Rhodes Ltd. 

discussed in In re Rolls Razor 

Ltd (No 2) <[ 1 970] Ch 576 Y. In re 
lew Homes Ltd (£19791 1 

,es Lid ([1979] 1 
I In re Spirafliie 
)] 1 WLR 1096). 

Mr John Speed for the ap- 
plicant: Mr Gabriel Moss for the 


said that the principles on which 
the jurisdiction to order such an 
examination should be ex- 
ercised had been exhaustively 

Castle New 
WLR 1075) and ... 

Ltd (Noie) {[1919] 1 

No case on section 561 or its 
predecessors in this century 
other than by judges of first 
instance had been referred to. 
That was not particularly 
surprising because orders under 
the sections were a matter of 
discretion and appeals against 
an exercise of a judge's dis- 
cretion were rarely successful. 

It did have the result, how- 
ever, that attitudes and values 
expressed in cases derided a 
century ago but still authori- 
tative might have become ob- 

While the meaning of a word 
like “oppressive" did not 
change, the content of the 
concept in any given context 
might change very considerably. 

Victorian cases on the equiva- 
lent section contained emotive 
language invoking images of the 
Inquisition and of the Court of 
Star Chamber. 

Such language was used 
against a background of com- 
pany law which required very 
little public disclosure and 
placed a much higher value than 
today upon the protection of the 
privacy of business transactions 
and a lower value upon the 
protection of creditors and 

Today it was recognized that 
persons involved in the affairs 
of an insolvent company owed a 
public duty to assist the liq- 
uidator in investigating the 

tiAnitv in 111 - 

company's affairs in the in- 
i of cred' 

terests of creditors. 

A liquidator came to his task 
with no knowledge of the 
company's affairs, and its books 
were often inadequate to tell the 
whole story, so that he would 
frequently need the assistance of 
those involved in the conduct of 
its business. 

Solicitors: Beesley Taylorson 
for Howell & Co, Birmingham; 
Field Fisher & Marti neau for 
Whatley Weston & Fox, 

Council’s power without a duty 

-Regina v Essex Chanty 
Council, Ex parte Washington 
Section 46(4) of the Child 
Care Act 1980, as substituted by 
the Health and Social Services 
and Social Security Adjudica- 
tions Act 1983. which provided 
that “a local authority need not 
serve a contribution notice in 
any case where in the circum- 
stances they consider h un- 
reasonable to require 
contributions" towards . the 
maintenance of children In the 
care of local authorities, con- 
ferred on a local authority the 
power not to serve a contribu- 
tion notice if they thought fit; 
but without imposing a duly not 

Mr Justice McCowan so held 
in the Queen's Bench Division 
on July 4 when dismissing the 
applicant's application for ju- 
dicial review of a contribution 

notice issued by Essex County 

HIS LORDSHIP said that the 
purpose of the word "need" in 
section 46(4) was to give a 
power to the local authority not 
to serve a contribution notice if 
they thought fit Without the 
word “neoT a local authority 
would be obliged to serve a 

contribution notice even if they 
thought it was not reasonable to 

do so. 

Parliament had not put them 
under any obligation but had 
merely given them a power. 
Accoroingly a local authority 
was not obliged to investigate all 
the circumstances if they chose 
not la 

Twisted ankle damages 

Wilkinson v Ministry of De- 
fence . „ , 

An award of £800 for pain, 
suffering and loss of amenity 
arising from a twisted ankle, 
which although causing little 
disability had resulted in perma- 
nent and worsening pain in the 
ankle, was so small as to be 
entirely erroneous. A proper 
award would be £1.750. 


■^he appeal ofreal wooden furniture puts it 

X in a class of its own especially when 
XHnbined with stylish design. 

-phis garden bench displays both qualities 
J. to perfection being made from Iroko 
laid wood which is extremely hard wearing 
[hroughalltypesofweaiher. The wood needs 
littJeattentionbutmay be treated with teak oil 

as required. The si atson the seatandbackare 

angifri to provide comfort and the overall 
design of the bench makes it an elegant item 
of furniture for any garden, patio or 
conservatory. The bench is supplied with 
easy h ome assembly instructions and 
measures four feet in length. 

this Iroko hardwood bench yon can 

be assured that through summer and 
winter it will retain its attractive appearance 
with the minimum of maintenanc e. 

Price — £79.95 

All prices are brtrtusrvccfpostaneipacting. Please allow up to 
21 darn far deiiveryfrom receipt of order, ifyoum not satisfied 
The Tana*iUrtfimd vour money without question. In addition 
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mr/mrs/miss , 

again to the 
one-day wonder 

A famous 
name is 
hard cross 

to bear 

that is Gatting 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

and as the younger side they 

If today’s final of the Ben- 
son and Hedges Cup between 
Middlesex and Kent is any- 
thing like as good a game as 
they had when last they met at 
Lord's — in the knock-out 
final of 1984 - then you must 
expea to arrive home late 
tonight and thoroughly 
drained. Middlesex needed 
one run off the last bail to win 
that match and Emburey 
scored it It was pretty well 
dark at the time but it was 
much later in the year than it 
is now. 

Such is the capriciousness of 
one-day cricket that both 
today's sides have failed to get 
beyond the last 16 of this 
year's NatWest Trophy. Kent 
seem to have gone off the boil 
while Middlesex are having a 
difficult time with injuries and 
Test calls. Through playing for 
England, Gatting, Edmonds. 
Emburey, Down ton and Slack 
have missed anything between 
one and seven championship 
matches. But the sides are old 
friends and rivals, who usually 
manage to bring the best out in 
each other. 

Today’s teams 

KENT: From: C S Cowdr 
tain), M R Benson, S G Hi 


Tavarf)’ N R Taylor, G R Cowdrey, E 

Bison, tS Marsh, 

D l Underwood, KBS 


MIDDLESEX: M W Gatting (captain), 
WN Slack, AJTMIDer.RO Butcher, 
C T Radley, fP R Downton, J E 
Emburey. P H Edmonds, S P 
Hughes. N G Cowans, W W Daniel. 
Umpires: D J Constant and D R 

It is a final to appeal to the 
sponsors, being more than 
mildly elitist and foil of 
favourite players as well as 
promising ones. When the 
teams are announced there 
will be 14 or 1 5 Test cricketers 
among them and two or three 
others who may well play for 
England one day. At 8-11 
Middlesex are the 
bookmakers' favourites, part- 
ly perhaps because Kent have 
not won a Lord's final, or 
anything else for that matter, 
since 1978. 

IfMiddlesex have the stron- 
ger bowling, Kent's batting 
goes farther down the order 

may be expected to fed the 
better, both Cowdreys being 
particularly good. Middlesex 
do tend to depend an awful lot 
on Gatting for the making of a 
winning total. Time and again 
this season he has pulled them 
through in the one-day com- 
litions. More often than not 
atting holds the key. 

Of the Middlesex side only 
Miller, last year’s Oxford cap- 
tain and now Slack's opening 
partner, will be playing in his 
first final. Kent have three or 
four who will be. Both sides 
also have one of the game's 
grandest stalwarts, Clive 
Radley, of Middlesex, and 
Derek Underwood, of Kent. 
Radley is a resilient 42, Un- 
derwood an imperishable 41, 
and both still delight in then- 
labours. Underwood has 
played in all Kent's 10 previ- 
ous finals, the first in 1967, 
and Radley in all Middlesex's 
seven, the first 10 years later. 

In three of Middlesex's last 
four Radley has won either the 
gold award or been man of the 
match, a testimony to his 
enduring skill and splendid 
temperament. In all 
Underwood's finals the aver- 
age rate at which he has 
conceded his runs has been 2.5 
an over. I wish he could have 
bowled against India at 
Edgbaston last Tuesday, the 
last day of the Test match. It 
will be interesting to see him 
opposite Edmonds today, as it 
will be to compare Dilley - if 
an ankle injury allows him to 
play — with Hughes. 

"Reputed to be the youngest 
player ever to appear in a 
match at Lord's, 13-year-old 
Michael Cowdrey, in his first 
match for Tonbridge, contrib- 
uted largely to the success of 
his side ” That is how the first 
appearance of a Cowdrey at 
Lord's, 40 years ago, was 
reported in Wisden. Michael 
very soon became Colin and 
today there is his youngest 
son, Graham, as well as his 
eldest, Christopher, the Kent 
captain. They win be watched 
by a full house and it should 
be a very good occasion. 
Yesterdav's cricket, pace 30 

During Maidstone weds tikis 
summer, Christopher Cowdrey 
brought Hwwlf on to bowl and 
was identified over the poMfc 
address as Colin, his father. 
When foe Kent captafe tossed 
the ball to Graham, his brother, 
the mpnwirarpinent was that 
Christopher was to bowL.Evea 
Inadvertently, the brothers are 
saddled with comparisons. 
Surmounting them is Graham 
Cowdrey's challenge at Lord> 

today in foe biggest match of his 
brief career. 

Graham Cowdrey has done as 
m pph as anyone to propel Kent 
into foe Benson and Hedges 
PttqI in the zonal rounds, ms 
unbeaten 60 against Hampshire 
helped Kent into foe quarter- 
final and caught the eye of Sir 
Leonard Hutton. Then at Derby, 
he and Christopher effeemely 
won foe match with a stand of 5o 
in seven overs, Graham making 


In this, his first foil season in 
Che Kent side, he has bated 
No. 6. In limited oven cricket 
there is no time to grow acens- 
tomed to the light, the pitch and 
the bowling, to play through foe 
‘V between mid-off and b«h» 
as his father liked to do Tor his 
first lOovers. 

Recently, after scoring runs 
consistently in the first seven 
weeks of foe season, Graham 
found himself straggling to 
make runs on poor three-day 
pitches. His father advised that 
when he had gone through a tad 
patch, be would look for five 
runs, then 10 and play as 
straight as possible. "I never 
saw him play first-class cricket, 
which is my biggest disappoint- 
ment. The more I play, the more 
I value everything he says. But 

he would never say, ‘I saw yow oa 
television, that shot was awful . 

The youngest of three sous, 

Graham learned to bat against a s;z;?S2s;;Kf; ^ - , 

A°i Driving force: Grafcun Cowdrey, findscoimction inreligiM, 

prep school, he averaged 85 in 
his last summer. 

At Tonbridge he was in foe 
First XI at 13. Being taken out of 
his age group caused problems 
socially. Cowdrey did not enjoy 
school life until his last year, by 
when he was irked by foe cricket 
masters poshing him to play 
professionally. “Ttsey nmdemy 
schedule of matches during me 
holidays and told me they were 
looking after my career. I still 
question whether it was my 
decision to play county cricket, 
he said. 

First Cowdrey went to Dur- 
ham University to read General 
Arts. He did not enjoy it and 
last year, his second on foe Kent 
staff, be scored L300 runs for 
the Second XI, played a few 
first-team matches and made a 
half-century against the Austra- 
lians. This summer there fa talk 

that he has a Test future. 

So how good is he? Sir 
Leonard Hatton feels he has a 
lot of ability and his father’s 
temperament. He will probably 
not have to work as hard as 
Christopher at scoring runs. He 
has natural .timing; allied to 
strength. At Worcester tins 
season he drove through foe line 
at Radford and put me ball out 
of foe ground. And he is not 
without detenmnatidn. 

But it fa unlikely that 
Cowdrey, jnst 22, will stay in the 
game as long as his father or 
brother. He does not enjoy what 
be terms as "the cricket 
treadmill", the constant travel- 
ling and upheaval foe incessant 
cricket talk and drinking after a 
day's play. “My father loves 
cricket, Chris and I like cricket, 
but he likes the treadmill. I feel 
exhausted already. I have lost a 

lot of friends through constantly' 
being away." ' 1 ‘ s ' 

There is a further reason,. 
Cowdrey is a Christian. He wett 
on foe Christians hi Sport fear., 
to India last winter and found 
tint church and prayer meeting, 
after cricket gave him a fuifu- 
ment that downing pints newx- 
could. "The torn: stresagforit^d' 
my convictions: and I have 
Struggled this season with foe 
contradictions of dresmn^roowi; 
life, foe swearing; and - foe- 

pornography. . 

"I lud it very difficult fa be ii 

a different placd. every. Sunday. 
If I could go to church each 
Sunday with Vic Marks (also ofl 
the tom) tt would, be different. 1 
would like to see every county 
have their own. chaplain'; It: is 
one of my main aims incricket.*" 

Ivo Tennant 

The Court of Appeal (Lord 
Justice May and Mr Justice 
Hollings) so held on July 8. 
allowing an appeal by the plain- 
tiff, Mr George Roseweil Wil- 
kinson, from an award of 
damages for personal injuries by 
Plymouth County Court (Mr 
Assistant Recorder James 
Wigmore) on December 13, 

Age: 31 

Nationality: French 
Can Marlboro McLaren- 
Tag, No. 1 

GPs contested: 97 
Victories: 23 
Career pomts: 322.5 
World champion: 1985 
Brands Hatch best: Second 

Age: 37 

Nationality: Finnish 
Can Marlboro McLaren- 
Tag. No. 2 
GPs contested: 106 
Victories: Five 
Career points: 154.5 
World champion: 1982 
Brands Hatch best: Third 

Age: 31 

Nationality: British 
Car Canon Wllliams- 
Honda. No. 5 
GPs contested: 82 
Victories: Five 

Age: 33 

Nationality: Brazilian 
Car Canon Williams- 
Honda, No. 6 
GPs contested: 118 
Victories: 14 

Age: 26 

Nationality: Brazilian 

Fity: Brazil 

Car JPS Lotus-Renaujt, 

Career points: 107 

Hatch best First 

r the most complete 
grand prix driver racing today. His 
Immaculate precision of Hne 
and sense ol balance befies his 
speed. A renowned 
conservationist of fuel and tyres, he 
is a master tactician who 
usually lets others make the early 
running before picking them off. 

A spectacular driver with rare 
control, but has found it difficult to 
adapt his natural style to the 
less exuberant technique required 
by the McLaren chassis. 

Inclined to take a lot out of his 
machinery early in a race, then 
— the penalty of having to ease 
■ in the dosing stages. 

Brands I 

The uncom p romising demands 
of the Brands Hatch circuit should 

Career points: 259 

I champion: 1981 and 

No. 12 
GPs contested: 38 
Victories: Four 

grands prix. Enjoys the challenge of 
qualifying and tends to 
capitalize on a good grid position 
by charging hard early in the 
race before easing back to 

conserve fuel ana tyres. 


Brands Hatch best First 

One of the outstanding drivers 
of recent years, although has 
scored only one victory since 
joining Williams at the beginning of 
the season. Fast and smooth, 
expect him tostot into the top six at 
the start bide his time, then 
apply pressure as the race 

Career points: 87 
i Hatch bei 

Brands I 


best Second 

The outstanding newcomer to 
the grand prix scene with • ■ 

enormous potential. His < 

uncanny car control win be • V? 
demonstrated dramatically 
during qualifying or whenever it Is : 
wet. but he will nave to. work - : 
very hard to overcome a power ■>- 
disadvantage hi the race if- 
conditions are dry. 


All change at the top 
for governing body 

By Sydney Frisian 

Stephen Baines, aged 39, the 
marketing director of the Na- 
tional Association of Boys 
Clubs, has been appointed sec- 
retary-general of the Hockey 
Association with effect from 
January I, 1987. He succeeds 
Colonel Dennis Eagan, who is 
taking early retirement. 

The association, which con- 
trols foe game in Engla nd, naa 
been searching for a secretary- 
general with commercial exper- 
tise. The experience of Baines, it 
is believed, will help in foe 
expansion of the gafo e J , . n fo e 
years following foe World Cup 
tournament to be held in Lon- 
don from October 4-19. 

He will, in fact, be joining foe 
association on October 1 so that 
he will be present throughout 
the staging of the World Cup. 
After that he will tour various 
pans of England to meet those 
who administer hockey at di- 
visional leveL 

A new era in administration 
will in fact begin wifo^ the 
appointment from November 1 
of David Whitaker, at present 
the coach of the England team, 
as director of coaching. While 
holding responsibility for foe 
technical development of 
hockey he will complement the 
role of Baines as a general 
administrator and markeung 

Baines, who lives in Hertford- 
shire. qualified as a teacher in 
physical education at London 
universiiy in 1969. He taught in 
London. Wagga Wagga and 

Sydney, Australia, where for two 
years, up to 1973. he was head of 
physical education io a large 

By gaining a Master of Sci- 
ence degree in recreation admin- 
istration at foe American 
University of Oregon in 1975. 
he broadened his outlook. There 
followed six and a half years as 
executive director of foe Ca- 
nadian Rugby Union which was 
then beginning to develop rugby 
as an important sport in Can- 
ada. Having left foe CRU in 
1981 he ran his own sports 
consultancy in Toronto before 
returning to Britain in February. 

• This weekend Wales play 
Japan in two women’s inter- 
nationals in Newtown, Powys to 
celebrate the opening of the 

celebrate the opening 
Maldwyn Sports Centres new 
artificial pitch (Joyce White- 
head writes). ... . 

Wales, not involved in foe 

World Cup. are making the 
most of foeir chance to fir' J - 

muai vii «iv» _jekl a 

combination of players room the 
Iasi season's senior, uoder -2 1 
and schoolgirl national squads. 
Among sixTull internationals in 
the side will be Margaret 
Medlow. foe Wales captain and 
Great Britain player, and 
Wendy Davies, aged 1 7,who has 
won three senior caps this year. 

The Welsh should be tested 
by Japan, a side of skilful young 
players full of attacking flair yet 
with two very good goalkeepers 
and two steady full-backs. Eiko 
Karalani and Michiyo 


Drivers join 
in the race 

against time 

By Bryan Stfles 

Formula One mechanics have 
had a hectic time in the past 
seven days, patching up foeir 
teams' craft as the world series 
cirrus travelled from Sacra- 
mento to Vancouver for the 
third Grand Prix of foe season. 
Most of the boats which com- 
peted in foe turbulent waters of 
the Sacramento Grand Prix last 
week required repairs. 

Britain's leading drivers, Rick 
Frost and Andy Bullen, were 
helping their technicians with 
the work as they were keen to 
have their boats ready in time to 
practice for tomorrow's race. 

The series is still wide open. 

ring been 

with the honours having 
shared around in the first two 
Grands Prix. and Bullen in 
particular will be hoping to get 
into the prize money tomorrow 
in order io supplement the rest 
of his stay on the American 

Formula Two drivers are in 
West Germany for foe Hanover 
Grand Prix with force British 
drivers near the top of the 
championship table. Mark Wil- 
son leads foe parade with 20 
points, one more than Welsh- 
man Jonathan Jones.. Chris 
Bush, the American, is in third 
place with 15 points and 
Gloucester's John Hill foe 
reigning champion, is fourth 
with icn. 

More than 40 offshore power- 
boats take to the River Thames 
tomorrow for the 25fo running 
of the London-Calaisrace. They 
will start at Tower Bridge at 


Loban poised to lead 
Britain’s challenge : 

By Philip Nicksan 

The finest array of inter- 
national wrestlers to be seen in 
Britain for more than 20 years 
will be at foe Horwich Leisure 
Centre, Bolton, this weekend 
where 16 countries, including 
the United States. Canada. West 
Germany and New Zealand will 
take pan in the Challenge Cup. 

The event comes at an im- 
portant time for wrestling in 
Britain. First of all it gives the 
British wrestlers an opportunity 
to sharpen their skills against 
some able opponents in time for 
the Commonwealth Games. 

The man most likely to 
benefit will be Britain's leading 
wrestler. Noel Loban. whose 
international career has not 
been without its problems since 
he won a bronze medal at the 
Los Angeles Olympic Games. 

He did not reach medal 
placing in either foe World 
Championships in Hungary in 
1985 nor in foe European 
Championships in Athens in 
March this year, although there 
he had to pull out with a hip 
injury. But despite his advanc- 
ing age — he is now 28 - he has 
made a determined effort to 
return to fitness and this week 
arrived back in Britain after a 
whistle-stop training tour of 
Europe where he had 10 
matches and pinned nine of his 
opponents for an outright win. 

“1 fed much better now 
because I have used my. lay-off 
from matches to work on : my 
moves on foe mat — which has 
always been one of my . 
weaknesses," said Loban. . \ 

He reckons that thel 
Cup will actually .provic 
tougher competition than 'Ujc 
Commonwealth' Games evfeni 
itself even though Canada; for' 
instance, are only entering their . 
second team into the Cup. It 
should be noted, however, that ' 
foe second team distinguished 
themselves, in the Common- 
wealth Championships held m 
'Scotland earlier this year. m ':C : 

That championship highlights 
the second reason why the influx 
of so- many nations for -the 
Challenge Cup is -timely. De- 
spite some good talent such as - 
Loban (under 90 k). Brian 
Aspen (under 57 k) and.Fitz- 
Walker (under 74 k). British 
wrestling is at a low ebb; not 
least since it has been told it will 
not be included; in the lj&90. 
Commonwealth Gantts 
programme. . 

This is. why. foe Common-, 
wealth wrestling associations 
gathered together to launch foe 
Commonwealth . Champion*; 
ships and create some _ (ijpk 

to the Contracm- 

wealth Gaines organization, 
wrestling needs a higher profile 
in order to combat foe weekly 
dose of professional enjertain- 
ment dished up on commercial 
TV on .Saturday afternoons. 
This will be provided-to some 
extent this weekend .' when . 
France, -Switzerfapd, Austria 
and even Taiwan mil be' raging 
the other countries represented 
at Horwjch. The prehmiaaries 
are today and the finals -tbmbW' 


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Candy to poach another 
valuable northern 
handicap with Tosara 

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. : .-^A TO 1^. 


Henry ■ Candy, (he 
K.mgstone warren trainer, has 
already plundered one of the 
North’s most valuable handi- 
caps this season, when Sneak 
Preview won the Northum- 
berland Plate a* Newcastle last 
month. Now he is after anoth- 
er, sending Tosara .north to 
York, from his base near 
Wantage in Oxfordshire, to 
challenge for the John Smith’s 
Magnet Cup on the 
Knavesmire this afternoon. 

Candy was confident at 
Newmarket earlier this week 
that his progressive four-year- 
old filly would go very dose, 
and she is my nap. 

Racing for only the fifth 
time in her life; Tosara was the 
easy winner of a 10-furlong 
handicap at Doncaster last 
month, for which she is now 
penalized Sib. But Candy is 
hoping that that disadvantage 
will be offset by putting up his 
own competent apprentice. 
Chris Rutter, and claiming his 
full allowance. Thtis, Tosara 
will go to post carrying only 
8st 21b. 

That is a big consideration 
as it means that she will be 
meeting the fancied three- 
year-old Dalgadiyr on 51b 
better terms than she would in 
a normal weight-for-age race. 

Earlier this year- both 
Tosara and Dalgadiyr beat the 
same horse, Daarkom - 
Tosara at Ripon, Dalgadiyr at 
Windsor. A strict interpreta- 
tion of that form makes 
Dalgadiyr slightly the better at 
weight-for-age, but the way 
things stand now, 1 believe 
that the advantage lies with 
Tosara, who certainly seems 
to be getting better with every 
race. Also. Dalgadiyr, who had 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

a hard and luckless ride at 
Sandown only eight days ago, 
does not look an easy ride for a 
lightweight * 

Chaumiere and Chiclet 
first and third in the race 12 
months ago, have been handi- 
capped to run a dead-beat if 
they reproduce that form to 
the letter. • However, 
Chaumiere has not achieved 
much of late whereas Chiclet 
was very unlucky to finish 
only fourth at Sandown last 
time out 

Our Newmarket Correspon- 
dent is sweet on Atoka's 
chance, having watched her 
beat Russian Noble ami 
Sam haan ax Yarmouth last 
month. While it must be said 
that the form of that race has 
worked out well. I am sliU 
happy to go nap on Tosara. 

Felipe Toro ( 1.20) and Bold 
Pillager (1.50) are my other 
principal fancies at York. 
Felipe Toro's form last year 
did not amount to much, 
which explains why he was 
rated so low at the start of this 

Being gelded in the mean- 
time is the reason given for his 
rapid improvement, and hav- 
ing shrugged aside a 10-lb 
penalty at Beverley a week 
ago, 1 find it hard to believe 
that he will not register his 
fourth consecutive success in 
the Piper Champagne Handi- 
cap. carrying 7st Tib- 

Bold Pillager, another who 
is currently on a charge, can 
make it three in a row in the 
Hoftneister Lager Handicap. 
His form is linked with 
Avemino, who is one of the 
most improved handkappers 
in training. 

At Lingfield, Rakaposhi 

King will probably uy to lead 
all the way in the Sun Page 
Three Silver Cup the way he 
did at Haydock Park last 
Saturday when he ran away 
with the Old Newton Cup. Bui 
that was a handicap. 

This time he will- be con- 
fronted by Phardante, whose 
cunem claim to fame is that 
he defeated last year's Derby 
winner. Slip Anchor, in the 
Jockey Club Stakes at New- 
market in the Spring. Since 
then, Phardante has also won 
the valuable Grand Prix de 
Bruxelles in Belgium, and I 
think that he may well be 
capable of giving Rakaposhi 
King 10 lb. 

Those who backed Siyah 
Kalem to win the Royal Hunt 
Cup at Ascot, and then 
aggravatingly watched him 
fed narrowly to give bis stable 
companion, Patriarch 121b, 
win be looking to the News Oj 
The World trophy as the 
means to recovering their 

However, it is pertinent to 
point out that John Dunlop's 
four-year-old has been beaten 
since in a similar race to 
today’s, at The Curragh on 
Irish Derby Day, whereas 
Nino Bibbia, who finished 
fourth in the St James’s Palace 
Stakes at Royal Ascot, has run 
really well since at Newmar- 
ket, when accounting for all 
but Mister Wonderful in the 
Van Geest Criterion Stakes. 

Finally, Morgan’s Choice, 
who bounced back to form in 
some style at Sandown a week 
ago.' is taken to win the 
Chester Summer Handicap on 
the Roodeye, where ’he has 
won the Chester Cup in the 

W&m - Untold to plunder 
****** Irish Oaks prize 

From Our Irish Raring Correspondent 

The team of Michael Stoute 
and Walter Swinbum, who have 
already won two Irish classics in 
1986. look poised for another 
big race win at the Curragh this 
afternoon when they will be 
represented by Untold in the 
Gill town Stud Irish Oaks. 

Untold, who won her last 
three races as a two-year-old. 
including the Hoover Mile at 
Ascot, did not have a prepara- 
tory race ibis season prior ro 
taking her chance in the Gold 
Sea! Oaks at Epsom. In the 
circumstances ii was a fine 
performance on her part to get 
so dose to Midway Lady, who 
already been victorious in 
the General Accident 1,000 
Guineas at Newmarket. 

It was originally the intention 
of Ben Han bury that Midway 
Lady would come to the Cur- 
ragh ibis afternoon but she met 
with a training setback and her 
absence simplifies the task lac- 
ing Untold, who has been sold 

since Epsom and now carries the 
colours of Sheikh Mohammed. 

Stoute also saddles Coloispin. 
who finished fourth at Epsom. 
On that running, she has more 
than four lengths to find with 
her stable companion 

The home contingent is led by 
Fleur Royale and Lake Cham- 
plain. who finished first and 
second respectively in the Pretty 

Polly. Stakes. Lake Champlain 
had previously chased home 
Sonic Lady in the Irish 1,000 
Guineas and she had no luck in 
running in the Pretty Polly. 
However, with an additional 
two furlongs to travel, the more 
sioutlv-bred Fleur Royale, a 
daughter of Mill Reef, is fancied 
to finish in from of her once 

Dihtstan, who won the Hard- 
wicke Slakes at Royal Ascot 
looks another likely pattern race 
winner for Michael Stoute in the 
Royal Whip Stakes. 

Phardante, who is fancied for Lingfield Park's Sun Page 3 Silver Cup 

Leech shines on Rotherfield Greys 


Matt McCormack's 71b- 
ctaimiog apprentice Jonathan 
Leech rode an excellent race on 
JtodierfieU Greys to Laud tbe 
11-2 chance a ready one and a 
half lengths winner of the Lin 
Par Handicap at York yesterday 
from Clantime. The favourite. 
Imperial Jade, was a length 
further away third. 

Imperial Jade did her chances 
no good when she turned right 
Instead of left coming oat of the 
paddock and galloped away with 
Pat Eddery to the centre of tbe 
course. She did not go far, but 
wheo Eddery brought her back 
onto tbe racecourse she was 
pulling hard going to the start. 
Despite this defeat, the Roystou 
filly must still be regarded for 
tbe Stewards* Cup. 

Rotherfield Greys is not in the 
big Goodwood spiiab “ He had 
an unfortunate experience run- 
ning as a two-year-old at 
Goodwood and I swore be would 
never go there again" said Chris 

BelL, bis Sparshott trainer. Bell 
said the next objective for 
Rotherfield Greys will either be 
tbe Banda Stud Stakes at 
Phoenix Park, or a race at 

Sheikh Mohammed provided 
two runners for the Mail On 
Sunday Three-Year-Old Series 
Handicap, from no original en- 
try of four, and they finished 
first and second. 

London Bus, trained by Bin 
Watts at Rich mood, started 2-1 
favourite, hot found the top 
weight, Michael Stonte's chal- 
lenger, Shafy, a length too good 
for him. The Sheikh's pair were 
home by Hello Benz. 

It was three furlongs out that 
London Bos look command from 
the pace making Foremast. He 
successfully fought off Lucky So 
So, but just inside the final 
furlong had to give way to Shafy. 

Wans was far from dis- 
appointed with the showing of 
London Bus. “He was beaten by 

a better horse on the day, bat is a 
genuine toagh performer - a 
Cambridgeshire type," he said. 

QiiiM Time, who found 
Mins trella too good for him in 
the Chesham Stakes at Royal 
Ascot, was soon back on tbe 
winning traiL Tbe locally-owned 
colt easily landed odds of 1 1-8 
laid on him against three oppo- 
nents in the Black Dock Stakes. 

Mark Birch_ had this 3,400 
guineas ba rgain colt smartly 
away to make aO the running 
and score by six lengths from 
Glow Again, who had won her 
three previous races. 

“I bad intended resting Chime 
Time after Ascot, but he came 
back so fresh that I thought it 
would do him no harm to run 
here. He is the best horse I've 
ever trained, and I have entered 
him for the Gimcrack Stakes 
here in August. A more immedi- 
ate objective will probably be the 
Strathclyde Stakes at Ayr later 
this mouth," his trainer, Colin 
Tinkler, said.- 


Televised: 3.10 (BBC) 

3.1o"§i!3!TOWN STUD IRISH OAKS (Group 1: 3-Y-O fiflles: IRE94.500: 
1m 4f) (8 runners) 

11-34 CoUMSPMffH) (Helena SprtngekflM Stoute 80 Pst Eddery 

101 FLEUR ROYALE (a S Narctms) DVOBneri 9-0 C Roche 

24122 LAKE CHAMPLAIN (Mis B R Rrestona) 0 Weld SO MJIGnane 

Ml POPULARITY (Mrs B R Firestone) O WeU 9-0 R Cochrane 

0-123 StGVM (MBS E B C Lax&aw) J Oxx &-C D Hogan 

0-31041 TOO PHARJHB Keck) D Wald 80 KP^ 

0111-2 UNTOLD [SheWi Mohammad) M Stoute 9-0- 
10-0210 WELSH FANTASY {Mrs J R MuBon) C Cotas 94).. 

WR Swinbum 
... P Shanahan 

4-5 UnHM. 5-1 Ftatjr Honte, 6-1 Lake Champlain. Cotorspm. 12-1 Popularity, 25-1 
Welsh Fantasy. 5*jym, 33-1 Too P bar. 

Form points to Antheus 

Antheus faces a strong chal- 
lenge from the three-year-old 
brigade in tomorrow's Prix 
Maurice de Nieuil at Saint- 
Cloud. but Criquette Head's 
four-year-old looks up to the 
task (Our French Racing 
Correspondent writes). 

He was beaten a short head by 

Triptych at Lortgchamp last 
month and had Baby Turk the 
same distance away in third. 
Thai form now appears top class 
as Triptych and Baby Turk have 
both run with distinction in 
England in the last week. 

Altayan is the obvious danger 
even if he was below par in last 
Sunday's Grand Prix de Saint- 

Zahdam. from Guy 
Harwood's stable, is on a 
retrieving mission, having run 
his only poor race when way 
behind Fast Topaze in the 
Dubai Poule d'Essai des 

Gay Minstrel, who is also 
trained by Criquette Head, can 
get tbe weekend off to a good 
start by landing the Prix 
Messidor at Maisons-Laffnte. 


Televised: 1.20,1.50, £20 , 230 
to firm 

!-6f , low numbers best 
1-20 PIPER CHAMPAGNE HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £4.376: 61) (1 3 runners) 

309 003210 TRY TO STOP HE |C) (A WWbraan) Denys Snatfi 5-S-: 

310 0-2*11 TOSARA (F Salman) H Candy 44-7 (Soft) 

311 040011 ATOKA (GER) (R Kasekiwskyl John FitzGerald 4-7-13 

, M StoiM 3-7-8. 

P Cater 6-7-8 

5»-7(5ai). L Ctiareock 7 
N ma 11 
— ueiyi 






" Jamtags) D Tbom 9-7 _ 

1011201 TOUCH OF GREY ■ 

200-103 PflEOOUSMETAll 

20-0013 lM«XPHQ*BS£(njJ 
000-603 V1LTASH (J Margin 
011-030 CATHstmeswajJ 

022-002 RIVIBU SCENE fflFlPi 

1121-401 TAX-BOY TO USt^B McMah on Mi 

Mrs 14 fwm ■■■ 

(G Moore) A tranmnS-6-— 
Fischer) R Holinstisad 9-1 . 
J Qtahnoton 8-13. 
■ Yates) j I 

S Ports 5 

312 ~ 3130 DALGADIYR 

313 30-1120 MASKED 
100-30 Tosara. 44 Dalgadiyr, 6-1 Atoka, 7-1 Irmishmoro Island. B-1 CNdeL 

Dancng Zata. 10-1 Try To Stop Me. 12-1 K-Gadaiy, 14-1 Masked Bat 16-1 otners. 

FORM: K-BATTCRY (9-4) 2)51 German Group 3 runner-on ( 1 m II. £3837, good to tom. 
Jime 22. 8 ton). Previously (8-4) 1KI Uncori wvrner from Well R*gged (7-10) (81). 
CHAUMIERE (9-7 ) won t fite race last year (ram Severn Bara (6- «R. «*OWCt£r £4/ 
2ft1 3rd and K-BATTCRY (9-1) 7th. but has shown htte h 1986. CHOCrflM) » 
KaB«w(B-l0) at Sandown last time (1m2(.E79 88. Arm . June 14.11 ran). TOSARA (9j) 
W Doncaater winner from Wand Set (9-7L MASKE D BALL (8-1 3) 4541 tataMlAm. 
£2658, firm, June 27. 9 ran). ATOKA (8-1 2) easy W winner from Russan Noble (9-1 0) at 
Yarmouth (im 2t. £2488. good to Arm. JunelO. 12 ran). DALGADIYR (7 j) stopped In 

K> firm. July 

-12) Kl 8t New- 



1000-00 MAMTONI 
000*80 JARRQVtANI 
30-3223 BREAKFAST! 

100020 CAPEAnurr pound { 

122 00-211] FEUPETDROI 
124 120PM SONNENB1E] 

4-1 Feat w Ton. S-1 R*iarv Scene. IIS Tex-Roy, 6-7 Touch Of Gray, 7-1 
CadiartnesweB. B-1 greptous Metal. 10-1 Vlltaeh. Dart Promise, 12-1 MwloaW 
FORM: TOUCH OF GREY (8-8) made tfi tnbeatMarimstar B-fi a neck at RoyM Ascot 

1 3)41 3rd to Prince Sky (8-7| at 

IRVfadardM H Easterly 7-7 (tea) . J Lowe 12 



nai wtien 1)41 5th to PronSsed fale(B-11)Ht Sandown (lm &, £12*47. 

4,11 tan). TRY TO STOP ME (8-11) 7th, Barter (8-11) beat PeJaeara 

castle (Bt. £3837, tkm. June 28. 8 ran). 



401 012 DREAM LAUNCH (USA)(D)(BF) (R TruKseSjun) B Hartxry 9-7 — M ^S 

40* 0013 BAS7XJM ID) flit I’aeraJDAifiudwi 8-13 -u. JRaaM 

(61. £1 8546, tan , June20, 28 ran). PffiOOUS METAL (Wmi Sd to Prince 5 

Saitebwy(6l. £4893, good to tan. June M, 14 ran). RMBtA SCENE (9-1) >■■■ 

(7-13) «h there, previously (7-13) ■ 

CATHERJHES WELL (8-12) W away 
MANTCW MAfSC (8-9) lest Ot nine (5fJ 

3)41 away 5th and 

It, firm). 

1«J runner-up to to 
,£4799, good totan, Jisie 1; 

York selections 

By Mandarin 

1.20 Felipe Toro. 1 .5d Bold Pillager. 2JQ TOSARA (nap). 2.50 An- 
nie Noonan. 3.25 Ben Lodi 3.55 King Bahadeer. 4^5 loreet 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

120 Touch Of Grey, f-50 Dorset Cottage. Z20 Atote.2J0 Drram 
Launch. 3^5 Shuttlecock Girt. 3.55 Lnclcion. 4^5 Pokey’s Pnde. 
r By Michael Seely 

f .50 BOLD PILLAGER (napV 2.20 Dalgadiyr. 




104303 WWSIUNG 
»» sprrrwG 
43431 BROOteS 

JW Weds 9-12 

P Caher 8-10. 

N 1Mder8-6. 

T Nee 12 

M Fry 9 

. GDuffeUa 

ANCER (D) (J Bush) t 
«ASmjJ Taylor Srt 

ADDflutt (D) (W Bn 

I) MW Eased* 8-6— 

(M Bmmt M BrittaJ 8A_ 

aytar StadaHO Lid) J Berry 84 

Kba Trader (S) 10 

M Bin* 11 


— MLTframm 13 











94 Annie Noonan 5-1 SpMln Mick 11-2 Oraam UrmdijWWsiSrig Wander. B-1 
EcfKtag. Oriole Dancer. 10-1 Botoy BWtarL Broon s Addtton Brutus. 12-1 

June 27V ECHOING * 

Textfey M H EastMy 7-K 

I (D) (W Brown) K stone 7-11. 
0042 MAZURKANOVA (M Marshal) < 

C Thornton 7-a. 

C Rutter (5)6 

J Lowe 2 

L Charlock 4 
_ N Carfiaie 8 

l ottiers. 

May 29. 6 ra nyUNN bDfeE (%-t ) was a Back M4tL 
wei to beat Domain 

1J50 HOFME1STER LAGER HANDICAP (£4378: 1m) (13) 

202 2*4320 DORSET COTTACE (D) (Mrs SftaWV 



1 204 D00-260 MORTT^liP 
3J7 217120 WaLWGOOT 
208 0-03211 aOCDPtLIfl 

211 30-0300 ACONTtUMl 

212 430030 TTWefJAgl 

213 000004 MOORESMET 


£3 niviiw mr nj Rwonftl N Bvc 

in J Mo unts 

(DfflBm InWTWtlon^JOunlQp 4-84 (Beid— Th»4 


Rott) E Ettn 7-9-12 znrrrr z — r.Wf 2?!? “ 

toa»S^e Trent) RHoBnatiaad 6-8^ SPsrtsS 

Ramsdan) A BaSey 4*7 g JJgg j 

215 03-3000 FUSAJBt (H HtCMTOsy u rirttan ■■ ■ 


219 019400 nsiMi7*1 Trent 

Baited. Broon's AddUoa Brutus, 

21 2nd cH 8 to AKadl (8-11) « UngfleW «. OT9. tan. 

Air Ot a*Vo (8-8) (51,21205. firm, 
BRUTUS (9^0) made aland kapt on 

wrm MKK won a Thlrek aelar (^-11) by 41 (ram Five Sixes (8-11) pi. £l 179, tan. 

3^5 JERVAULX SELLING STAKES (2-Y-O: £3.917: 6f) (18) 

901 423 AVBIASESHWflAsCTinldhlCTJnWsrWI ThaaW 

502 031 BEN LEDt (A McCIubMV) M M EsstoTOy 6-11 M Bbdi 1 










004 00 RABENHAM <C Webstar) T Barron 8-1 1 — — — aMeGW(7)« 

02000 WOIFJRYWHMS Astana) CTmlder 9-11 — 12 

CHURCH STAR |A Woortwuse) R Wbodhouu 94. 
00 EASTERN PRWCESSM Hays) MUstiar 94., 

40 LADY SUNDAY SPORT (T Brady) >' “~ 



0002 HB5 DRUMM DW 
890241 SHARPHA 1 


anq) M W Easwfcy 8-8 
Britain) M Brittain M. 

(H Stectonest) W Jante 94 

00 WHNWES LUCK (G NorthaoB) R W00(*>0U8a 94 

2£0 J(WN SMITH'S MAfflfet CUP (Handicap: £29,470: 1m 2f llt^fd) 

. MLTboraasO 

10040 Ben Lodi. 7-2 Maybemuslc. 5-1 Princess Petoam, li-2»uttteoock GW, 13- 
2 Avinasesh. 8-1 Wo? J RywrieeL 12-1 Eastern Princess, 14-1 attars. 

155 FRAIRGATE STAKES (2-Y-O: £3,178.71) (6) 

601 00201 HUHTBre LEAP pUsrtnan)G Moore 8-11 — Dj ^avri) * 
SOS 031 BNGBAlLaD^»?))(A Anderson) GWtChard-Garaon 9-11— GDuJfietd 1 

604 20 LOCKTOH (A Gbson) J Hn dtey8 -7 

605 PLANE (Capt M Lemos) C Briton 8-7 — — PIMmaonfi 

608 0 YOUNG BB*Z (T Berman M H Easterty 8-7 MBhta 2 

609 91 A SPW (R Httob) M Bntt8m9-4— KDarieyS 

7-4 King BaBadeer.'3-l LocWon. 4-1 Hunter's L^p, 8-1 Young Banc, 

4J5 FOUNTAINS MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: £3,433: 1m 4f) (8) 

* 9029 CHAUVE SOURtS (Sir P OpperMmer) Q Wtraag 94 PaMEdderyl 

04 GRUNDY’S OWN (K FtstiwrJ R HoMnstaBd 9-ul S PW*j5 

00 HAIMLEY DOWN (Nutwood Puttkdy Ltd) E Bdn 94 MWtorg 

002942 POKETSHUDE (Mrs M Mam) R Sheerer 94 H HB*3 






fns 5-S-5 — — T Ml 9 




GOOOMATtJHa)(ExBts me late J Ooggan) R Jotason Houghton 8- 11 . 


04 LORES' (JRowteflJ Dunlop 8-11 JlteW* 

0644 SHWY KAY Ms M Butterfw Ssey 9-11 JLoweO 

~~ 1MES A LADY (Rddvate Lid) 

00022 tHREETWES A LADY (Rbldvflle Qd) P Keleway 8-11 GDuRWd7 

11-8 Criauve Souris, 7-2 Three Times A Lar^, 9-2 Pokays Pride, B-1 Loreel. 


10 NEWS OF THE WORLD TROPHY (£12,661: 7f 140yd) (11) 

11-4120 SIYAH KALEM 

100140 H9NGE OF.HEAVal ^Mmaon) J Hans 

Sted Ltd) J 

Telovtecd: 2JJ, 2^0. 3JI 

E3^ Bf)(7r U nr»2 i<(( 

2 322101 QUICK 5M4f , i E Qfr»9-1 — AM^my* 


'Draw a— — 


1 25n-'i« PRESflMUM (tard Itorardde Wdden) H Gscd'4-9-2 

7 440944 CHA RGE AL ONG pMcrape) J Wnter»»i3 

8 34002/2 ASHCRESCIPC^lTCiswM.II--- 
10 1000-40 OTC8QR KNOT |Q Waito) P WaMyn 44-11 

12 MOO-3 GU0E8Y(ta5RSrai)p8c)RB0SS4^4 

13 2*11042 

14 313409- 

15 41-2443 
17 0-30308 

. A Macfcay 7 
. G Starts; 5 
, VNMl 




SwfeiW" s 

. 7.9 Oi4ck Snap. 9-2 Li 

W CarsonS 
G Carter 4 

- 1 * rJir^KrM- D—rr«"s-. «■ « 

MlgM?Bid, Hanseatic. 16-1 T ^ MQBrtlB p4)1latFo8caMW» 

^ E1345,taTL 

S-2 Nino Btbbla. 8-1 Syari Katent 7-2 ProsUum. 5*1 Hard Round in G*de far. 
FORM: SIYAH KA1SH 9th In Ireland teat Mme, praviouMy <B-l »*l tad rri to Pteriach 
7-12) In Hunt Cup (Jen Irtap, £28314. firm, June iC PRE6BNUM ^3) M 2nd to 
) HaroiB-S). wfimer since, at Newbury (Im.fTSSS, good ttapfL JlMtlJ 
_ ’ ■■ iyrt3Ck(7!40yt)s,£neS27, 

j to Native dak (8-11) at 
1 21 aid to Mster Wonderful 


St%BC9-11?wta 2»l'tad( rildL iURSwAwb 5)y3rd m Ovwtoi at 

A a cotil?! Gr og^jai OgO. firm. Jurw )B. 20 ran). 

28. 14 rani FRINGE OF 
I. May 31. 7 ran). HARO 


5 4034-32 BAG IAD* (P Goitondris) P Wafeayn 34-7 

fi 1- MOMCA (tea R Bun&ng) J Dunlop 34-6.. 

9 2023 IYAMS»(U^(MmuSyLauCasrimari) 

NELSONS LADY f&D) (Mr* J Jackson) C Homan 5*4 

401304 NELSOffS LADY 

944023 LADY LA PAZ{ 
94002 NEWeWDSffiL 

. GSte rtt yl 

\ own a j wup a-ww — — W Carson 8 

(Mrs Mary Lou CasrimaiDW Hssfings-Basa 344 

S Cautoen 4 

E9Uk 3-7-12. — 
RSmyty 3-7-9. 

l Salmon 6 

Irion 344 

G CMttr (3)7 
- G Fraud! 2 

2-7 Morica, 3-1 tyemeM, 4-1 Bog Udy, 6-1 Lady La Pax. B-1 Nw Evidence. 


• « ■■ mauwi ivjua ii — ■■ m 44 D LUKm 8 


03940 ORflETTE (Mae S I 
• 094 SANCUAntnCOd 

0 SECRET FACT M&KMJafWilCBenstead 8-11. 

010 SOLO SMGER |M» EHaiMdP Cote HL 

940 SONtONGimtAFUIlSril^C Austin 8-11 

oooo spaMSH MicxrnTufflaflCBanstead 8-11 _ 

00 TOWN PAW fll«0n«)p COM 8-11 

44 WNSONGIOLJDDY(EGoodwin)PCuid8fi8-11. 

A Bond 10 
W Hawnto 7 
W Cartons 
G Starkey 4 
RCmnt 12 
B Rome 13 
_ T Qubn 11 
- A Macfcay B 
. RNcGtanl 
. KPowdnilS 

92 Soto Singer. 7-2 Ctess Action. 9-2Ch»i Cfirober. &-1 Secret FW, 
O0 LAMCO-VARMA HANDICAP (£2^60: 1m 2f) (6) 

1 234401 BOYALHWjH 
7 09-1223 ALZUMWWUT 
S 300006 WEIL MKT 1 
13 000001 DUBJJNGj 
M 094* SHAH'S I 
tt 064203 DERBY DAY | 

) (Mrs DCampMDG Harwood 54-11 „ GSMray4 
ndanAlMNaoum)fl Armstrong 3-M- W Cart* 6 
I (R GBiaana) C Benstead 94-f B Rbum 2 
TCMffiR Johnson) FUfeiialfr-7-13. 0 Carter (3) 3 
i Granarfl) J Dvdoo 3-7-8 SO a w a* 1 

) D A Wisan 5-7-7 LRig^0(7)5 

7-4 Al Zumtfnjd. 5*2 RoyM Halo. 9-2 OueRng, 11-2 Shah's ChcAa. 

York results 

Going: good to firm 

2.10 (6F)1.CHME TIME (MBbch. 8-11 
tav): 2. Glow Again (M Wood. 154% 3. 
Pa a tawood Shooter (K Dariey. 12-1). 
ALSO RAN: 25 I Swept In (adj). 4 ran. a. 
II. 201. C TaiMar at Mafton. Tote: £140. 
OF: £1 20. CSF: £2.17. 1mm 1243SBC. 

Z40 (lm 11) 1. SHAFY (W R Swinbum, 
9-a 2. London Bui (T fitea. 2-1 fav); 3. 
Hefio Benz (A Macfcay. 7-2). ALSO RAN: 7 
Sometteng Casual My Ton Ton. 12 Lucfcy 
So So (4th). 14 Foremast (5ft). 25 
Common Farm (8ft). 8 ran. 1L 154L VL 
27/1. BL M Stoute at NawmartoL Ton: 
£480; £1.80, £140. £140. OF: £5.60. 
CSF: £1346. 1mm 50.l6sad 

Leech. 11-2); 2. CiantbnejlD McKeown. 6- 
1): 3. tap«b Jade (Pat Eddery. 5-2 fav). 
ALSO RAN: 7 Dublin Lad (4ft), 144 Hi- 
Tech G*L 10 Ra Ra Gal, 11 Philip. 12 
Am go Loco, True Nora (5ft). 25 King 
Chariemagrm 1801). 10 ran. 1*1. U hd. 2L 
nk. C Bell at Wants 

Tote: £840: E24», 
£140. £140. DP. £22.10. CSF: £3645. 
Thcast £33.71. 58.1 Osec. 

340 (1m 41) 1. AUCTION FEVER (B 
Thomson, UX)-3% 2. FhraFenhinB»(WR 

Swinbum, 6-4 fevt 3. Qtpyn Bacti (W 
Carson. 11-1). ALSO RAIc 5 Swimmer 

£240. CSF: £8-28. 2 min 29.1Gsac. 

*.10 (60 1. MCN CHARLIE (J Rwt 7-2): 
2. Get On Geraghty (G Carter. 14-1); 3. Go 
Hand (W Canon. 10940). ALSO RAN: 3 
(av 1 1-2 A/veoote Magic. 10 

Daring Descent 14-1 Frenchgata (wh). 20 
Bowers Fold (5ft). Crancheter, Joe 
Sogben, Rattaro. KoMOophona. 12 ran. 
*L a. sh hd, hd, 2»i. C Nelson at Upper 
Lamboum. Tote: £4.80; £140. £8.90, 
£140. OF: £28.ia CSF: £4746. Imfri 

440 (71) 1. EASTERN SONG (J Raid. 

Evens tav Aitch N'Bee. 8 Abadtora. 14 fcfrs 
Manwarfng (4ft), 20 
ieth), 33 Oanesmoor. t . . 

Turn (5ft). 10 raa NR: St Ja c ques. 
Seamera. H 3L INC HU. SLCNtoHnat 
Upper Lanftown. Tote: £440: £1.70. 
E140. £140. OF; £1340. CSR £30.11. 
1mm 2447 sec. 

Jackpot £5,680; Ptecapot: £1145 

Lingfield Park 

Going: good to firm 

24 (lm 41) 1. EMERALD PONT (S 

Cauften. 1D0-3t^; 2. Burning Bright 

Wigham. 14-1); a Tome Traaam (R 
McGrtna 33-1) ALSO RANc 4-8 fav 

Bustudo (4ft). 14 Beloved ftfldeL 16 Seat 

Of Learning (6ft), 25 Calvados (5ft). 33 
Nice Present. SO Btookeyes Bor. April 
Arabesque, Tra|an Spiasa Windy H0i«*. 
12 ran. ffl, 5L 9,T»L I BefcSng at 
KteoGCtera. Tola: £4.10: t\2 0. £140. 
£240. DP. £20.60. CSF: £4346. 2min 

240 (6f)1 . WERON PRESS (S Cauttaft 
1 5-8 ta vl; 2. Muatftfib (R McGhin, 33-1 L- 3. 
Lazkn (B Rouse. 6-1). ALSO RAN: 5 

Btaong Vfch. 8 ChOtang (4ftL 10 Gebtat 

(5ft). 12 nptree. 16 Jocks Brother (6ft), 
25 Glorious Dan. Hey-Amadeus. 33 De- 

sign Wee, Greensward Boy, Ma* ts Cute, 
Prince Mac, Ram On. 15 ran. NR: DafloTs 

' S. 2fc. nk. 

W.9.D Arauftnot at Compton. Tate 

£2.90; El .30, £840. £1.80. OF: £16340. 

CSF.E6448. Unto 13.88sec. 

10 (50 1 . PWK PUMWUN (M HNb, , 16.1k 
2. Hedera Hefis (S Cauften. Evens fav): 3. 

Biotin (J WgUems. 10-1L ALSO RAN: 6-4 

Fairy cranes (4ft), 16 Matechi Lad (5ft), 
33 Seaming Shadytedy (Kh). 6 ran. 2L a. 
2T,. 7, 5. J Douglas-Home at Chilton. Tote 

£640: £140, £140. DF: £1149 CSP. 

£32.02. imin 014399c, „ 

130 (lm 41) 1, KHETA KMG(R LfiteS. 8 - 

I tav): 2, Dtedpte (P BWdMte 1 lO-i kl Up 
to Undo (A McGlone. 1 1-2): 4. Le MouSn 
(S WNMQrtti. 20-1). ALSO RAN: 10 Better 
Beware. Lord It Qver ( 6 ft). Fteofc. 12-12 

CapOate, Final Afina. 20 Risk Amther. Sv 

Bren (5th). 25 Last Polonaise. 33-1 Aunt 
Eay, uuarterfiash. Ranetegh. 66 Hooray 

Aten. 1 6 ran. Sh hft4L1L.1 S4L 10L W 

Hastings-Bass at Newmarket. Tote: 
QXkT^ViO. £140. £340. OF: 

El 1 . DO. CSF: J2248. Tricast Sl 95 49. 2mtn 

42fBhu ^ , 

44 (lm 2 f) 1 . ALBERT HALL (M HS5, 
154): Ktaghi Cnaade (M L Ttomas, 11; 
10 favt Ma&nan (A watkns. 9«. ALSO 

RAN: 10 Gwkfieda (4ft). 4 ran 3LJ5L *L 

B hGUs at Lamboum. Tote. £240. DF: 

£240. CSF: £4.17. 2 nin iSB&sec. 

440 (60 1. WAR WAGON (P TUk. 6-1); 
2, SOver Form (N Adams. 112); 3. 
Wlzzard Mack. (T WAiams, 20-1), ALSO 
RAN: 13-8 &v Hetewe (4ftv 8 Persian 
Bazaar, 10 Gieadnn Park (5ft). Bndon 
Manor. Sharp Stable, 20 Auto B 
(Bft), 25 Fancy Pages. SBThai Sky. T 1 ran. 
U II. 4 1 R Armstrong at 
Newmarket Tote: £S.4ft £1.70, £2.90. 
£530. DF: £24.60- CSP. £4149. TricaSt 
£671.72. 1mft1240sac. 

Hecepot £10445. 

Coarse specialists 


TRMNERSt J Duntoe.2BwhwarafrtOT87 
nmrt 324%; ti Stoute. 26 from 126 
20.6%; B HanbifiY. 9 Iran », 164%. 
JOCKEYS M Has. 6 winners from 48 
rides. 125%: 8 from 70. 

I I T Kms. 18 from 99, 113 %. 

■nuuNERS: H Ged, 18 winners tram 38 
runnera 50%: PCote. 29 tram 1 16,26%: G 
Harwood. 38 from 148, 243%. 

JOCKEYS T Qufim. 19 winners from 98 
nctes, igjfik W Canon, 35 from 184, 
igSt: g Samey. 33 fran 175, 189%. 


TRAINERS G Pritctiard-Gordon, 6 wfiv 
nars fram 28 name**. 21 A%: R Johnson 
Hmtohton, 10 from 52, 193%: M Stoute, 5 
from. 31 16 . 1 % ^ ■■ 

JOCKEYS: B Thomson. 9 winners from 43 
rides. 204%: W Ryan 8 wfrts 51 ndes 


TRAMER8: G Hatwood. 42 wfimers from 
150 runners, 284%; H Thomson Jones. 
10 from 5ft 164%,- P Cote. 20 from 730. 

JOCKEYS: P Waldron, 10 wtonere from 
125 rides. 8.0%; 


Going: good to fhin 
Draw: tow numbers best 

2.15 ECCLESTON STAKES (2-Y-O: £3,037: 6f) (3 

4 0111 W?QAN7TKW’£ {DIM VY Easterly M T Luces 2 

7 01 SARHAH (USA) H Thomson Jones 8-13 — A Murray 3 

10 BRONZE RIMiERE Wheeler 8-7 W Wharton 1 

1-3 Wiganftorpe, 3-1 Sarftah, 2M Bronze Runner. 

Chester selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Wiganthorpe. 2.45 Hymn Of Harlech. 3.15 
Morgans Choice; 3.45 Melody Maker. 4.25 Gone 
Overboard. 4.45 All Agreed. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.15 Sarihah. 2.45 Hymn Of Harlech. 3.15 Arbor 
Lane. 4.25 Gone Overboard. 4.45 AD Agreed.. 

13 0120 LEPRECHAUN LADY S Notion 4-7-10. 

14 D012 TtGERWOOD R Atefturst 6-7-10 

15 /ON BALUCHI (B) 8 Preece 5-7-7. 


. 8 PGriflHhs7 

3-1 Morgans Choice. 7-2 Speckri Vntage. 4-1 Tigerwood. 
6-1 Wrtfty Bata. 8-1 Artur Lou. 10-1 Sound Drffusun. 12-1 

145 EBP PULFORD MAIDEN (2-Y-O: £1 ,683:7f) (8) 

__ C Dwyw 4 

T Lucas 3 

N Day 9 

B Thomson 7 


2 0004 BEAU BENZ (B) M HEastorby 90 — 

4 0 JOHNNY SHAW (USA) S Norton 90- 

5 03 MELODY MAKER 8 Hite 9-0 

10 -32 STORM HERO (USAXBF) MW Dckraon 90 WRyaol 

12 4000 CITY RNAL R HoWtshBad 811 AMwrayZ 

13 0 9LVER GLANCE H Rohan 811 J B lew d al e 6 

14 VITAL CARGO E Carter 811 S Monte 5 

15-8 Storm Hera, 11-4 Melody Maker, 7-2 Beau Benz. 81 

African Opera, 181 Oty Ftoa). 181 Silver Glance. 20-1 ofters- 

4.15 ALDFORD MAIDEN STAKES (£2209: 1m St 
88yd) (13) 

2 30 HEAD WON M EcWey 6-9-7 J Carter (7) 2 

-- - N CotmortonS 


4 MOLYBDENUM JBradey 587. 

ace 487. 

7f 122yd) (7) 

1 -120 HIDOEN BRIEF R Boss 87 E Guest (3) 4 

2 -000 COLWAY COfcCT (BJJW Watts 9-2 — NConeortonS 
7 0001 MAHOGANY RUN(B) M H Eastefty 813 — T Lucas 7 
6 3323 HYMN OF HARLECH G ftitcftanFOlrdon 

812 W Ryan 1 

9 MO TRY HAMER JmnryRtzganM 810 AMunayS 

10 -034 SAFEStA M Jarvis 80 W Wood* (3) 2 

60080 THATCHTT B Preece 4-87 SKefi^tley# 

70008 CmSPAWKEENKMMte884. M Wood (7) 10 

8 0 SWEET RASCAL (B) J BrarSey 784. ^ N Day 12 

11 82 FORT UNO (BF) I Bafifing 3-8-B A Murray 11 

12 -000 FULL 5PEED AHEAD HSmjfrr 388 N Adams 1 

17 90 SNOWDANCE fl HoBnshaad88-8 T Lucas 13 

19 20 ALLATUM (USA) B Hfls 3-85 BThumsoa? 


2D 2000 SUPRE1E KBIGDOM R Hoflkahead 

7-10 A 



Hyrm of Hartech. 81 HfifcJan Brief. 82 Safeere. 
Mahogany Rim. 81 Supreme Kingdom, 181 others. 

2f 97yd) (12) 

2 900 SBI^rS TRYST (USA) RHo&nshead 

688. Afcfraray 4 
T Lucaa 12 



6 -400 TREASURE MMTB1 (C-IQ W Paeree 

787 HHioiley (3) Tl 

7 OBI MORGANS CHOWEffi-MRHodgas 880- WRywiB 

8 0-00 STANDARD BREAKFAST B hfiia*-8-6_ B Thomson 3 

9 810 ARBOR LANE R Boss 5-82 MRetartsS 

10 -004 BLAND EXILE J W Watts 4-8-2 N Connorton 10 

12 1003 SOUtO DIFFUSION RVMtokar 87-12- A Stmrtts (9 2 

3-85 W Woods (3) 3 

a 00 GONE OVERBOARD (USA) A Stewart 

3-8511 Roberto 8 

28 82 USAKA(BF)M Stoute 385 A Kimberley 5 

29 282 MYTH R Johnson Houghton 385 WRymS 

188 Usana. 5-2 Fort Una 81 Myth. 81 ABatwn, 181 

Chalice Of Silver. 12-1 Gone Overtxsard, 181 0 there 

445 CITY WALL HANDICAP (£3,080: Bf) (9) 

1 -420 MATOU(D)GFrittartW5o»dtn88lO WRynS 

2 4002 ALL AGREED fDXBF) J Wfinar 581 R Tbocnson 4 

3 0240 SHARUE^WHWfrjbOMBFJlBJW Pearce 

7-813 MHexfiey (3)6 

4 0020 TOBERMORY BOY RWMtaker 9813.. DUcKeownS 

6 0043 SUDDEN IMPACT (WB) K Brassey 4-85 NAdans 3 

7 0200 GODS S O L UTION jp)T Barron 581 — NCoanorton? 

8 0003 MBtDICX ADVENiWE p) Denys Sndft 

87-12 M Roberta 9 

9 0130 YOUNG BRUSS J Bfterington 87-12 M Wood 2 

10 0200 FAWLETS GIRL (C-D) R Holmshead 

7-2 Sharte's Wteng^ 81 Aff Agreed, 81 Matou. 81 

Tobermory Boy. 81 

i finpacL 181 others. 


Go ng: good. 

Draw: high numbers best 



4 0304 SWIFT’S PAL G lm 92 J Adsnw (7) 1 

8 -000 HOT GEM R Harmon 813 P Cook 4 

7 M3 HALO HATCH K Brassey 813 SWMworttlf 

8 4034 FLOATHG ASSET (USA) P Wahryn 812 — N Howe B 

9 0400 WNGS TOUCH IB) PMaWn 812 G Baxter 7 

10 1-30 7EMRNATOR(OTHCBndY8ft TwaSan»2 

11 04)0 FORMOAHLE DANCER J Dunlop 88 BCmssleyS 

13 200 ABKNCE OF MAUCE (B) (USA) B Haiftury 83 













ASHWA P Cole 9-0- 

000 CEE^NCEEMMcCourt94~. 
GOtn JUSTICE P MtttuA 80 - 

HOMS JESTA PNayn»94)— 
00 KEECAGEEDBtetorth9-Q- 


A McGlone 12 

N How 14 

A Brawn 13 

A Gann (71 13 

000 KZNGWOOD HESOPAL D Bsworth 9-0 B Proctor 20 

30 IBDDAY 5ANJTDP MficheB 9-0 TFaheylS 

00 PERSIAN DYNASTY M Usher 9-0 DMckaylB 



TARTUFFE 0iSA) G Harwood 94) . 
4 TASJIL C Berstaad 94) 


P Wafcfcoo6 

M TOEVA DOugtoonSW BCnauteyS 

0 TROPICAL BOY RVoortpuy 90 S Whitworth 4 

AMANDA JANE (USA) GHarwoOd 811 — K Batter 17 

lAENAOOugMona-11 J wmam7 

LAST A J Dunlop 811 G Baxter 11 

LOW LINE H Candy 811 TWWamaS 

SEJMfiSBEE J B/idger 8-11 G King (5) 19 

. I Jo hns o n s 

14 400 SONG AJPOANCE HAN M McCourt7-‘ 

15 840 FWST RANK PArftrt 7-12. 

16 -000 BRENT IWERSOE G Satan 7-7 GOcfcfefO 

17 3000 SILENT RUNNING P Mnchefl 7-7 3 King (S) 3 

7-2 Hate H a tch. 81 Ftoahng Ascet, 81 Formidable Dancer, 

13-2 Mudta 81 Duff. 181 Terminator. 12-1 Kings Touch. 

130 OWEN TUDOR HANDICAP (£2,625: 6f) (17) 

1 2040 GOLD PROSPECT (D)GBattng 4-813 - JWKaae 3 

3 0000 SOON TO BE (B) (D) R Simpson 44H) . S Whitworth 11 

4 1313 MR JAY-ZEE fD)N Gafiaflhan 4-86 — r -_PCo° fc15 

5 2020 LONELY STREET P Arthur 89-1 L Johnsey (7)4 

6 04)0 THREE BELLS M McCoifit 4-80 R Wamham 1 

8 04)4 FEYDAN L CoctrsO 5-811 I Johnson 8 

10 2000 MUHTARIS C Benstead 3-88 

11 4000 DEPUTY TM (B| J Bethel 388- 

13 940 OUT » HAM TOD Dale 7-8-4. 

14 0000 SPARKFQRD LAD (B) D Bsworlti 



11-4 Ashwa. 7-2 Lagta. 82 Tamffe. 81 Tasy), 81 Treva, 
181 M today Santa, 181 Stan Safiat 181 others. 

Salisbury selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Ashwa. 2.30 Rimah. 3.0 Terminator. 3.30 Mr 
Jay-Zee. 4.0 Maj'd. 4.30 Mighty Flash. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.30 Rimah. 3.0 Absence Of Malice. 3-30 Mr Jay- 
Zee. 4.30 The Howard. 


(Amateurs: £1,912: 1m 2f) (16) 


S -011 RfflAH to h Thomson Jones 5-11-10 Praace Viiwfinl7 
fAR S Motor 811-7., “ ‘ " 

4 -001 BCT1Y, 


6 3300 RUNttotG FLUSH (B)(D) 

. Dane Mefior(3)6 

_i &-11-7- M Felton $13 
iOufflaon 811-7 


7 0000 TWEWASTBJ D MBVM « -J* jMMft J 

8 408 SAILOT MISS DHeytte Jones 811-4 _ RHrtd*ug»1 

10 2244 CAREEN M Pipe 811-0^--- JS RjS iffifl 

19 0 NCOCENE J O'Oonogln 5-1611 — D Tosttovin (3) S 

21 m TOWSlSpHAt* V?R wssanw 5-1D-11 1 MWtea» (7) 5 

22 DM0 TRACKERS JEWEL J Duriop *-1811 -T Gnmtham 3 

3 oS 

S-2 Pactofus, 81 rtffyar, 8f Rfttafr. 11-2 Sw« Ascairt, 18 
2 Careen. 12-1 Mister Prelude. 181 others. 

33 FAIR TRIAL HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £2,788: 1m) 

2 -240 DUFF D BswOrtfi S-7 ANcOm12 

3 24Q0 HUDflKTOC Bws«ad 5M PWaktroeJ 

P Waktron 17 
A McGlone 16 

i (B) D Bswortfi 4-6-4 

Detftto Whaetley (7) 5 
15 0203 HOPgULKATIETO TOD Leslie 4^3 

18 4)00 SHALBEE J Bnd$wf-80- ZT^am* 7 

20 0000 WINNING FORMAT P Matan 87-12 j — B Crtmtey 13 

21 0030 UNTON STARCHY J O'Donoghue 87 -12 


22 -000 LEAP YEAR MJUSJ) J Bndgsr 87-12„. GKing(5)2 

23 00-0 SEAGOD And 3-7-6 — 9 

24 0002 ST TEJBtAMAA (B) D Jermy 11-7-7 GDfc*te6 

*-i Mr Jay-Ze®. 82 Lonely Street 81 Gold Prospect 81 

Mifttaris. 81 Hopftrt Ka». ID-1 Out Of Hand. i2-i Feydan. 

4.0 EBF MYROBELLA STAKES (2-Y-O: £1,619: 60 
( 17 ) 

2 91 GLORY BEETOL Holt 82 PWfifcfconfl 

3 2241 GREY WOLF TK3EHH Hannon 82 AMcGteoe4 

4 2310 ROYAL RABBLE D Efcwarih 813 T WflJanc 5 

5 1 STRATHBLANE (D) J Dtfriap 813 G Batter 16 

BlRCfKWOVE CENTRAL BPlaBng 811 — t< 

0 GOING EASY G Balding 811 JWWbh»2 

MAJD P Walwyn 811 N Howe 15 

0 MtSTTO WIZARD M Ftancis 811 BCrasstoyir 

OTHETM Usher 811, RS»re«t12 

0 RAGTIME SOLO P Maion 811 D Price 11 











0 RfVERSOAT PARTY R HutCfmson 811 

P HutcHnaoe (3) 1 

0 SOULE1ADOUR Johnson Houghton 811- DMcfcayTS 

STRAW VOTE N MittheB 811 ADW»(7J8 

SUPREME STATE PMalun 811 RWerthen? 

0 VICTORY BALLARD R Herman 81 1— L Jones (5) to 

FIGHTMG BELLE K Brassey 88 SWWhwrft J 

SNOWSDOWN1 Bskbng S-n P Cook 6 

6-4 Strathblan®. 5-p2 SnowsdoiML SI day Bee. 81 
Maj’Q, 181 Grey WolfTIgBr, 181 Royal Rabble, 181 others. 

4.30 CRESTED LARK HANDICAP (£2,356: 1m 4Q 

1 4)40 THE JOKER (FB) G Bafifing 8810 RWnw4 

3 4420 FOLK DANCE (D) I Bteftng 4-87 PCookl 

4 1«4 TtOfFORD (USAWBF) G itavnod 3-813 — ACtertB 

6 0040 THfi HOWARD (Bf^ I Ma8ft9ws4-Sfl._ — GBaxterO 

7 2021 PBUNCOURT TO R Akalttm 4-87 (5ex) T WtNams S 

8 1-00 GOLDEN TRIANGLE (D) J D Roberts 5-84 


13 0001 HGHTY FLASH (M>) D BswCfift 87-11 , A McGtooe? 
82 MOdy Flash. 7-2 PORflCOUrt, 4-1 73ckfcxU. 81 ft* 
Danes, 8lThe Joker. 181 The Howard, 12-1 GoUat Triangte. 

Chester results 

1 , Orifand (S CMcfe, 


6-30 (7f 122 yd) IJtorrftrtl Tebbutt.7- 
112. HrttoGypw(33*l):a Scoubrnstofre 

kl); 4. Torroy (81). Whiter Words 5-2 
fav. 16 ran. NR: kamarass. Remem- 
branca. ILehhd. EWgmea . TotaE7.% 
E1D0, £5.70, £130. BAB. DF: ES045D. 
CSF: £194^1. Tncast £1477.67. 

655 (SQ 1. Bo'BebbityJD WBSams. 14- 

1);2,uSsNrn«f * ' 


£31.20: £5 .30. ~ 


7J0(lm4i„„, .. 

11-2L ft Regal sue* (100-30L 3. hdan 
Orator (7-4 ftv). 6 ran. i»f. 6L GPrttehted- 
Gordon. TOW £8-10: £2.10. 2170. DF: 
£11.10. CSF: SSSJD1. 

7J0 (lm 2f B5yd) 1. Swee! Mover (W 
Carson, 7-4 lev); 2, Ntafiya II 2-1 L 3. 
Nordfc Pleasure (6-1). IT ran. hf. bf. W 
Hem. To»; £220; £1.10, £290. £220 DF: 
£2220. CSF-' £21 .79. 

• There was a milestone for the 
champion jockey Sieve Cauthen 
at Lingfield Park yesterday 
when Emerald Point gave the 
American his 800th winner 
since arriving in Britain in 1979. 

Blinkered first time 



CHESTER: 2.45 

Beau Bent 4.15 Swaei I 
YORK: 140 Northern Chines; 
Avfnasash, Ooddn HflL 
SALISBURY: 3.0 Absence Of Mafies; 320 
Boon To Be, Leap Year. 

• Thursday’s July Cup winner. 
Green Desert, will be retired to 
the ShadweU Stud, near Thet- 
ford. Norfolk, ax the end of the 
season. Maktoum A] Maktoum 
will retain ownership of Green 
Desert who is the first son of the 
American sire, Danzig, to go to 
stud in England. - - 







Faldo swinging 
towards end 
of an unhappy 

By Mitchell Platts 

Nick Faldo took a positive 
step towards dosing the un- 
ha ppiesi chapter of his profes- 
sional career by produdng a 
third round of 67 in the Car 
Care Plan International on the 
Moortown Course in Leeds 

It was not only Faldo's golf 
which suggested that he is on 
the threshold of ending a 
frustrating period of more 
than two years without a. win, 
but also his attitude of mind. 

Even when Faldo was 
obliged to back away from a 
pun on three occasions on the 
last green, as the sound from 
the televisions in the hospital- 

(GB unless stated): 206: N Faldo, 
71, 6a 67; G Marsh (Aus). 7a 70. 
66; V Somers (Aus), 70, 67. 69; W 
Mairey (US), 70. 67. 69. 207: S 
Torrance, 68. 72, 67; A Forebrand 
(Swe). 69. 70. 68: J-M Caritzares 
(Sp). 69. 68, 70. 208: G J Brand. 73, 
SI. 67; M Mouland, 72, 71. 65; L 
Stephen (Aus). 65, 67, 76; C Mason, 

70. 71, 67; M James. 69. 72, 67; M 
Clayton (Aus). 70. 71, 67. 209: D 
Dumian, 69, 68, 72; D Edwards 
(US). 69. 71. 69: M Bembridoe, 71. 

71. 67. 210: G Lavenson (SA), 71. 

65. 74: P Senior (Aus). 69. 68. 73; M 
McNulty (Zlm), 71 , 67, 72; V Fernan- 
dez (Aral. 70, 68. 72; D Llewellyn. 
70, 69,71; I Youna, 70, 71, 69; M 
Mackenzie, 71, 69,70. 

ity stand broke the silence, he 
refused to be intimidated by 
the interruptions. Faldo even- 
tually putted out and he 
explained: “I could hear Tony 
Jacklin saying ‘He’s got a 
knee-knocking putt there’, 
then the producer obviously 
switched to another hole and 
the next thing I heard was 
Bruce Critchley’s voice. I just 
sent a message to them to turn 
the sound down.” 


Skeete can 
from ban 

By Cliff Temple 

The English Schools champ- 
ionships at Portsmouth yes- 
terday was lightly touched by 
the withdrawal of Nigeria from 
the Commonwealth Games. As 
Lesley-Ann Skeete skimmed to 
an easy victory in her heal of the 
senior girls 100m hurdles in 
[4.0sec. it confirmed that the 
crowd were watching a potential 
Edinbuigh medal winner, even 
gold, now Maria Usifo. the No. 

1 ranked Commonwealth hur- 
dler has been removed from the 

Miss Skeete has just finished 
A-level exams in accountancy at 
Midfield SchooL Somerset She 
was easily the fastest qualifier in 
yesterday's heats and should 
take what would be, curiously, 
only her second English Schools 
title in six appearances today. 

But now a greater prize looks 
possible. “Lesley realizes there 
is now a chance of her winning 
the Commonwealth title.” said 
Brian Hall, her coach. “Sally 
Gunnell. Wendy Jeal. and Les- 
ley have been so close all season 
you could throw a blanket over 
them." They finished in that 
order in the UK and women's 
.AAA championships this sea- 

“It's a shame that Maria will 
not be at the Commonwealth 
Games because whatever hap- 
pens now people will say it's 
only because she didn't run.” 
said Lesley. More immediately, 
though, her target today is to 
break the championship record 
of 1 3.7sec which she shares with 
five other athletes including. 
Gun-nell and JeaL her two 
Edinburgh team mates. To wipe 
their names, from the book 
would mean a toe ahead, 

Some members of Britain's 
world junior championship 
team who were due to compete 
in Portsmouth made late 
withdrawals, including Wendy 
Wright and Lynne Robinson, 
the distance runners and Peter 
Crampion, from the 400m. 

But Johan Boakes, the Brigh- 
ton middle distance runner aged 
18. was not to be denied his 
attempt to lift the senior 1500m 
crown even though he too leaves 
for Athens on Sunday. Yes- 
terday he made light work of 

S iualifying for today's final be- 
bre leaving to spend a night in 
his own bed. Not many compet- 
itors are fortunate enough to 
live so near, but Boakes. in the 
manner of Steve Ovett, his 
Phoenix Athletic Club inspira- 
tion. did not let the opportunity 
pass to improve bis chances. 



Toot do Franco: 1. J Longa [Fr}. ihr 32nwi 
ana Bsec. 2. M Conns (h). sane am. a I 
Thompson (US). Ssec beheid. 


RONNEBY. Sweden: Gurapoan FMM 
diaM fc ma hip*: Ftetraoe: i.A Baa. Wand: 
2. P Keiq, GB; 3. A Rowtond . G8: 4. C DudWf. 
GB. Second raw i. M RoMnson. GB. 2, K 
Omrer. GB a A Rowland, GB. Accumtet e d 
poOidK A Soft S: A ftowfcma 13.7: P Kbig. 22. 
OSTEMfc Dragon European dianipkinaWp: 
Fourth race 1. SB IB Boeressen, Den]: Z 
CfteMa (M Gttss. WG): a. Speedy Lupo (R 
wo#. WG): «. Joker (F imtmss. Netfifc S. 
Ganymede If (A Casseft. GB). Other Brifeh 
p ta c i na e . iQ. Lota (fl Bowtnenk 12. Sandpiper 
(N Strader}-. 13, Avalanche (T Wade}. Fifth 
nee: 1. CWch* (M Qw, WG): Z KMne 
Bnese (H Scfmkh. WGj. 3 . The Wisp (S 
SaHonJ. GB* 4. Union Jack Patten. Gac 5. 
NtdiueggiHGiwnewaM. WG], Other British 
ptadngs: 10. Sandpww (N Streeter): 1$. 
Ganymede (V A Caaad). Leading ovanB; 1. 
CncMb. 1&7pts: Z Wane Bnese. 52. 3. BB. 
53 7: 4. Ganymede V. 54: 5. Orta (£ 
Hernnam. WG) BB. 

CHANNEL WEEK Bound the Wend race, let 
werafc Ewastwr IF Dumont, Fr], Ghr TSnwt 
S3swe Oh i and m Gnffin (Nat Sailing 
Central. 84829. aen nt Asets (W 
Webctanx Beta. &2B.4& ctaso IK EwsS- 
bv Channel madcap: 1. Mans Otter (M 
Pneo). 624.10 

It provided important evi- 
dence that with the final pieces 
of the jigsaw neatly fitting into 
shape regarding his remod- 
elled swing so the self-restraint 
thtii he will require to chal- 
lenge for the Open Champion- 
ship next week is rapidly 

More importantly. Faldo’s 
confidence will surely be given 
a considerable lift if he can 
collect the first prize of 
£18,330 today, when he will 
set opt sharing the lead with 
Graham Marsh and Vaughan 
Somers, both of Australia, and 
the American Bill Malley. who 
are all on the 206 mark. 

In truth there have been the 
occasional moments this sea- 
son when Faldo has appeared . 
poised to end his losing streak. 
He elbowed his way imo^ 
contention in Houston and' 
New Orleans, on the United 
Slates circuit, then again last 
week in the French Open. 

“1 feel that my attitude is 
good at the moment," he said. 
“I'm shooting for the flag, 
which is always a good sign, 
and I'm accepting whatever 
happens. The way that this 
course is burnt means that it 
remotely resembles links golf 
and at Turn berry next week 
there are bound to be breaks in 
your favour and bad ones 
which need to be accepted." 

Faldo more than compen- 
sated for dropping shots at the 
third and 14th holes, where on 
each occasion his ball kicked 
unkindly under a tree, by 
collecting four birdies. He had 
fours at both the long first and 
10th holes by virtue of playing* 
two deft pitches over bunkers, 
and he holed from IS feet at 

Striding back: a happier Faldo during his 67 yesterday 

the fifth and then from 25ft at 
the 16th. 

' Marsh won on the corre- 
sponding week last year and 
his prospects of repealing that 
act. following a 66. have been 
increased with the return of 
his putting touch. He has 
struggled on the greens for 
most of this year, but he 
finally coaxed the ball borne 
from distances ranging be- 
tween 30 and 35 feet for two 
birdies and one eagle in the 
first five holes. 

Sam Torrance, like Faldo, 
has been desperately searching 
for a change in fortune. There 
has been little to fault in his 
game from tee to green but he 
has been mystified by his lack 


British title bout could be reward 

John Westganh. of New- 
castle. and Dave Garside, of 
HartlepooL are to fight it out for 
a possible crack at the British 
heavyweight championship held 
by Horace Notice. The elimi- 
nator was one of several bouts 
announced yesterday by the 
British Boxing Board of 

' Westganh unsuccessfully 
challenged the European heavy- 
weight champion, Stefan 
Trangstad, in April. 

Kirkland Laing. of Notting- 
ham. faces a follow former 


champion. Sylvester Mittee. 
with a welterweight title date 
against Lloyd Honeyghan at 
stake. In the light-heavyweight 
ranks Jimmy Price, of Liver- 
pool. the 1982 Commonwealth 
Games champion, meets the 
Leeds-based Toni Collins in an 

Robert Dickie, the Swansea 
featherweight, makes a vol- 
untary defence of his British 
crown against the former un- 
defeated champion.Steve Sims, 
of Newport, at Ebbw Vale on 
July 30 on condition that the 


an*»K 1. J LuqM (US). 104.OOMC: 2 . D 
Hearn (US). 105.00 sec; 3. M Hedges (GB). 



NORTH AMERICA: American Letaoe: Detrw 
Tiaere 7. Minnesota Twins 0: Cleveland 
moans 6. Chcago WMe 6 ax 1 Cstttoma 
Angels 6. Milwaukee Brewers 1: Boston Red 
Sox 7. Oakland Annettes 6. Toronto BUa J*ys 
S. Seattle Manners 5; Kansas City Royals 3. 
Baltimore Orioles 0: New Yoili Yankees 5, 
Texas Rangers 4. NMfcmal League: Atlanta 
Breves 7. Prutsaapiaa Prates 3; Qncmnuti 
Reds 11. New .York Meta i ; ctwrago Cubs 4. 
San Francisco Giants 3; Montreal Expos 2, 
Houston Astros 1: PHtsbumh Pirates 6. Sen 
Diego Padres 4: Los Angeles Dodgers B, St 
Lous Caixteafe 2 Tlusaey's games: Ameri- 
can League: Toronto Blue Jays a. Oakland 
Athletics 4; Cleveland Indians 9. Tares 
Rangers & New York Yankees 11. Minnesota 
Tweis i: BaRonore Orioles b. Chicago Wins 
Sox 3: Boston Red Sox 8, Catfonka Angels 7; 
Seattle Manners 4. Milwaukee Brewers 1; 
Demit Tigers v Kansas Coy Royals, posi- 
tioned Iwonel League: San Francisco 
Giants 6, Plttstxirgh Bretes 3; San Diego 
Padres 4. St Louis Carokuds 3. New York 
Wets S. Atlanta Braves 1; Montreal Expos 0. 
Ci nc innati Reds B. Houston Astras it. 
Philadelphia HWBes 4: Los Angeles Dodgers 
it. Chcago Cuds 4. 

doubles: 1. Czechoslovakia, 0O9.OOsecs; 2. 
GDR ZIBOOsec; 3. Franca. 221 OQsec. 


HUNSTANTON; MecRobertson Shlekt Greet 
Britan * New Zealand (British nomas Bret): 
Derates M N Avery and D Openshaw bt R V 
Jackson and J Hogan 2-1 f+26. triple p«L - 
17. +31i G N Aspoial and C J fcwm bt J G 
Prince and P J Skxitey 2-0 (+il. +22% A B 
Hope and W Deopncnarc lost to G Beale and 
R j MurM 0-2 1-10. -3). Singles: M AspmaO bt 
J Hogan 2-1 (-28. +9. +25. ip]. C him M G 
Beale 2-0(+4. M Avery M A Hannan 2- 
0 (+17. +1). GB lead 5-1. 



PERUGIA, Itnyr Women's Moraattanal tour- 
nament: Ouaner-ftnaH: n Havre man (Fri bt I 
Madrvga lAig) 5-3. 6-4. l Garrone W W B 
Fuico lAraj 6-4 . 6-3. C Barms (Hun) bt L taetka 
(It) 6-3. 6-2. Scna-flnat N Herremon (Fr) Bt S 
Goies(Yugo)6-T 6-2 

QUEEN'S CLUB: Schoeta' tew e— eh Gmk 
M idland Bank, Aber Uai e Gw fdouttest 
Ramon h St Hawns, Norttiwood. 3-0; 
MBfiekJ ot Oueenswood. HatfeU. 2-T. Repton 
t* Queenswcvd. 3-0. MilfleM bt St Helen's. 3- 
0. Repton bi MvmakJ. 2-1; Queenswood ot St 
Helen's. 3-0. FMM pox to on s 1. Repton: 2, 
MdHwkL 3. Oueertswood 4. St Helen's. Boys; 
The GtanvM Cup (doutsas): Repton bt St 
Pauls. 3-0; MiRfmld bt Hookargaia Compre- 
nensive. Gateshead. 3-th Region bt 
Hookergate. 3-0 Mritfiekt bt Sr Pauls. 3-0 
Mtifiek) m Repton. 2-1; Mookergata M St 
Pauls. 8-t Wkinera: MOflek). 


WILUAMSBURG, Virginia: Men’s classic: 1st 
round leading score* taa US* 65: J Mudd; A 
Stfe GG: J Sumam T DeLuca 67: J Mats hey. 
m wwoa; T Svnpson: □ Meat D Love: S Paw 
G Sauers: DHornmond. 



Bnure St Meudcts Pie- world tftilamChemnl- 
enaiwt: LadWa Kayak: 1. L Sharman (GBL 
215.4tac 2. M Grange (Fr). 222 SOsec Xs 
AmauQ (Fr). 22721SK: Men's Canadfan 



Benson and Hedges Ctqi Final 
(11.0. 55 overs) 

Lonf k Middlesex v Kent 

Tour matches 
(11.0 to 6.30) 

Edgbastnn: Warwickshire v New 

Scarborough: Yorkshire v Indians. 
Women’s llm-VUe third Test 
W or ce s ter. England v India. 


ATHLETICS: Men's ' nit a m aU o nal mat ch : 
Scotland v Cyprus v Ireland v Iceland (at 
Meadowbank Stadium]. Women's mtar- 
natfonal match: Scotland v Israet v Irtiand 
v Iceland (at Meadowbank Stadium]. 
Engllsfi Schaote diamprorisrtpsjat Ports- 
mouth). National men's 50km end 
women's Ifflm JWMyaltmg champion- 
ships (at Enfettfl- 

CROaUET: WSstwood Inte rna tional se- 
ries: Greet amain v New Zealand (at 
Hwstanton). Tournaments at Cddestw 
and Sou&iwlck. East BKBng Weekend. 
Harrow weekend. ^ , 

EQUESnUAMSM: Horse trials (at Stowe). 
GOLF: Car Care Plan tournament (at 


LEAGUE CUP: Swindon 53 (F Thomsen 13. P 
Crump 11. K Mem 101. Braotord 25 (S Wkra 
10. N Ewrts Sr 

WJW LBJGUE: »etiM) 37 (L CoHre ia 
N Cohns BL Rsadng ei y Oaves 11. J 
Andarsson 9. M Siwra Sk toswih 46 (J 
Donraww 12. R Kraght tZ L Carr 9L Kmg's 
Lyrai 32 (B Scnwartz »!> 

Cowjey 12. M Dwqn 12|, Rye House 28 (P 
Wooes 10. p Bosley 9) silver helmet M 
Duton ftAddtesbfOucn. nokJan bt P woods 
I Rye House) Arena Essex 46 (□ Mullen 1ZM 
Goodwm m Exeter 32 (S Bishop 9. B Cnbb 

Lancashire won by 8 wWs. 
North am pto n: Yorkshire N 


Old Treflont Glamorgan IF 203 (1 C 
David son 4 tor 62. D P Hughes 4 tor 74) 
and 250 (A L Jones 73. F P Jamas 59: l C 
Davidson 4 for 97. D P Hughes 4 lor 68). 
Lancashire ll 373 for 9 dec (D w Varey 
152. 1 D Austin 33. G D Hodgson 64: F R 
Berwick 5 tor 71) and 84 tor two. 
Lancashire won by 8 whts. 

North am pto n: Yorkshire N 509 lor a dec 
and 159torGdac(D Byte 51; S Browne 
for 341. Northamptonshire 11 3S3 tor 6 dec 
and 284 tor 9 <M R Gouldstone 81). Maori 

Studtey: Somerset B 201 and 218 (P A C 
Bari 54). Warwicksfara II 276 (A M Ferreira 
72. A J Moles 63) and 147 tor 2 (WJP Mat- 
thews 71). Warwickshire wan by 6 wkts. 
Ctiet uisf oid: Sussex H 334 for 7 dec (K 
Bradshaw 163. A J Pugh 75 not out A K 
Golding 4 tor 99) and 217 for 5 dec. Essex 
It 300 lor 8 dec (M Fold-Buss 92, N 0 
Bums 53) and 169 tors. Match Drawn. 


MOTORCYCLING: Me m ahot m meehng 
(at Dorungton Park). 

ROWING: Regattas at Egtiam and 


SHOOTING: Services international match 
(at Btstey). 

TENNIS: East of England champtanshms 
(at Fekxstowe LTQ. ^ 

WRESTLING: International invitation 
event [« Bolton). 


Tour matches 
(11.0 to 6 JO) 

Edgbastoir WanwteksWra v New 


Scarborough: Yorkshire v Indians. 
Women's Uni-Vrte third Test 
Worcester: England v India 

John Player Special League 
(2.0 to 7.0 unless stated) 
Chelmsford: Essex v Somerset 
Leicester: Leicestershire v 


Fine don: Northamptonshire v 

Trent Bridge: Nottinghamshire v 

Hove: Sussex v Glamorgan (1X10 to 

ScatrtU Parte Bedfordshire v Hertford- 
shire. O tetc h tey: Buckinghamshire v 
Somerset D. Bow d oo . Cheshra v Berk- 
shire. JmiMnd: ftorihumbertand v Dir- 
ham. St Edwatda Scbooh Oxfordshire v 
Gomwaa. Leefc Staffordshire v Norfofc. 


Portsmouth warriors; Eating Eagles v 
Milton Keynes Bucks: Edinburgh Blue 
Eagles v Glasgow (jons; Manchester 
Spartans v Tyneside Trojan Sr. Mansfield 
Express v Leeds Cougars; wateafl Tuans 
v Nottagham Hoods Coventry Bears v 
. West Brom Firebate: Locomotive Derby v 
Black Country Nailers; Crewe Rairoaclere 
V FyMa Falcons; Word Btacktiswks v 
Merton Admirals: Medway Mustangs v 
Wktney WUdeats; Newmariiet Hornets v 
North Herts Raioeis; Norwich Devils v 
Luton Flyers. Clydesdale Cans v East 
KilbndB Pirates; Johnstone Cnoadera v 
Strathclyde Shenfts; Mussetough Mag- 
nums * Ayr Burners. 

feren c e : Slough Stemhacks v Windsor 
Monerchs: Swindon Steetera v Oxford 
BtAtogs; Cheknsfnd Cherokee y Fulham 
Cardmais.- Fernham Kntghts v Basridon 
Braves; Ashford -Crusers v Grays Sax- 
ons; cwnqford Centurions v Tlrames 
Barriers; tnanet vaongs v London Cap- 

of authority on the putting 

In fact he missed from 18 
inches on the last green, so 
forfeiting the chance of a share 
of the lead, but Torrance has 
always possessed the strength 
of character immediately to 
foigetsuch unlikely reversals. 

Moreover, by completing a 
67 he moved to within one 
stroke of the leaders and he is 
quite capable of ending his 
own losing sequence which 
stretches back more than one 

Lyndsay Stephen, of Aus- 
tralia, had led for two rounds 
but he never looked comfort- 
able throughout the third day 
as he toiled to a 76 . 

winneF lakes on the former 
bantamweight champion, John 

Sims, aged 27. won the vacant 
British title four years ago but 
was forced to give it up to 
prepare for an unsuccessful 
assault on the European crown 
in Italy. 

The board have agreed to 
recognize the Southern Area 
title match between Mo Hussein 
and Mike Durvan as the final 
stepping stone to a lightweight 
title contest. 

Taking the 
long way 
to a short 

From Jim Railton 

Lucerne * - 

The Lucerne Roisee regatta, 
'which began yesterday, has been 
designed to blunt the denre ot 
competitors inclined towards 
specializing in the 500 metres 
sprint The route to today’s final 
was through preliminaries held 
yesterday over 2,000 metres 
respite of there being separate 
2,000 metres preliminaries to- 
day for tomorrow's final over 
that distance. 

The regatta here is being 
televised and the 500 metres, 
with its close finishes, tends to 
make more exciting viewing. 
Although there are few regattas 
at present which include 500 
metres racing on the pro- 
gramme, it seems likely that this 
distance will become increas- 
ingly popular and devalue the 
more traditional 2,000 metres. 

Top competitors, such as the 
Olympic champion. Pertti 
Karppinen. from Finland, and j 
the former world champion 
sculler, Peter-Michad Kolbe. ! 
from West Germany, have 
understandably ignored the 500 
metres. They cherish the sport 
as it is. .or perhaps, in the light of 
what is happening here, as it 

Some of the 2,000 metres 
heals (for the 500 metres final) 
were dull but Great Britain 
started on an encouraging note 
in the lightweight women's dou- 
ble sculls when Gill Bond and 
Carrie- An a Wood won the first 
race ahead of West Germany 
and Austria. In the heavyweight 
women's coxless pairs, Britain's 
Jackie Prout and Ruth Howe 
qualified behind Romania and 
Pauline Bird and Fiona 
Johnstone also qualified. 

More British successes were 
to follow in these bizarre elimi- 
nators. Nottinghamshire’s Carl 
Smith and Alan Whitwell won 
their heat in the lighweight 
double sculls, while Robin Wil- 
liams and Steve Chilmaid quali- 
fied in the other. London's 
lightweight sculler, John Mel- i 
vin. finished second in his heat | 
and was eliminated over a j 
length down on the 34-year-old 
Austrian. Raimund Haber!, a 
former world champion. The 
men's British lightweight 
coxless four was a length short 
of qualifying too. 

Kingston set Britain's men's 
heavyweights on the right road, 
qualifying behind Czecho- 
slovakia and ahead of France in 
the coxed fours. The Tideway 
scullers coxed four was elimi- 
nated. Britain's world silver 
medal winners. Martin Cross 
and Adam Clift were the fastest 
coxless pair, holding off East 
Germany and Italy. 

Redgrave and Holmes were in 
a class of their own in the coxed 
pairs, ahead of Romania and the 
Soviet Union. The British 
heavyweight eight won their 
heat ahead of East Germany and 
France and, in a delayed race, 
London University’s Tyrian ' 
coxless four went into the final 
finishing a good third behind 
East Germany and the Soviet 

RESULTO500 nwtm fauaSfiers tar 
Dnalk Women's Kgluwirtghtsj double 
scute: G Bond and C A Wood. Women's 
heav y weig hts: coxless pairs: R Howe 
and J Prout; P Bird and F Johnstone. 
Mai’s fightwetahts: double scute: C 
Smith and A WhltweB: R WMams and S 
ChftnakL Men's heavywtoghte: coxed 
fours: Kingston: coxlasa rate: A Oft and 
M Cross: coxed pah: S Redgrave and A 
Holmes. A Eason (cox); eights: Amateur 
Rowing Assacia&on. 


Pernfors falls 
at hands of 
fellow Swede 

Gstaad (AP) — Jan Gunnars- 
son. of Sweden, reached the 
semi-finals of the Swiss open 
here yesterday by beating his 
fellow countryman. Mikael 
Pernfors. the No.3 seed. 7-6. 1-6. 

Pernfors had backhand prob- 
lems throughout the match but 
said afterwards that, he was not 
disappointed to loser to 
Gunnarsson. “A few months 
ago we were at about the same 
level." Pernfors said.' “Then I 
moved up and he dropped back 
in the ATP rankings but there 
was never a big gap." 

Gunnarsson was regaining the 
good form he showed before 
being laid low by a bout of 
chicken-pox early this year. His 
semi-final opponent will be the 
top seed. Stefan Ed berg, who 
had little trouble against the 
unseeded Damir Keretic. of 
West Germany, in his quarter 
final. Ed berg won in straight 
sets. 6-4. 6-1. 

In the third quarter-final 
match. Emilio Sanchez, of 
Spain, the fourth seed, elimi- 
nated Jakob Hlasek. seeded six, 
of Switzerland, 6-3. 6-7. 7-6. 

Rain stopped the last match 
with the Swiss veteran. Roland 
Siadler. leading the eighth seed. 
Tomas Smid. of Czechoiovakia. 

Hals. Charnel Cantarenca: Southampton 
Seahawks v Straatfwm Ofyinpans; Tor- 
bay Trofana t Bristol Bombers: Duchy 
Dsssrsyore v South Star S c orpions. 
ABantic Contoenca: CamWdge County 
Cats^ v City of London Stags: Rockingham 
Rebels v North amp ton Swnrtbringara: 
Glasgow Diamonds v New Bolton Braves; 
Stockport Falcons v Newcastle Senators: 
Bradford Dolphins v The Royals: The 
Centurions v Manchester Heroes; Wotvor- 
hampton Outlaws v The Huskies. 


ATHLETICS: British Halt Welsh Games (at 

CROQUET? East Rkfing weekend. Harrow 

CYCLIN& RTTC 1 00 km team time trial (at 
Ha rrog a te). 

EOU ESTTUAMSM: Horae thab (nt Sbme). 
GOLF: Openchampoahlp final quaHying 
compe ti tio ns (at Glasgow Gates. Prest- 
wick St Nicholas. Western Gates and 

MOTOR RACING: British Grand Prfat (at 
Brands Hatch). 

POLO: British open championship (at 
Cowdrey Park). 

ROwiNOb Medway Town regatta- 
SHOOOTtMG; Territorial Army Queen's 
Medal competition (at Bfetay). 
WRESTLING: International (mttabOn 
event (at Bolton). 

Careless Minors 
make it easy 
for New Zealand 

By Michael Berry 

LAKENHAM: New Zealand 
fan ihe Minor Counties by ten 

The Minor Counties col- 
lapsed disappointingly in losing 
their last nine wickets for only 
59 runs to allow the New 
Zealanders, even without sev- 
eral key players, to easily 
achieve the second win of their 
tour. , 

The Minors looked 
favourably resplendent for their 
team picture, their smart 
tracksuits benevolently spon- 
sored by J & B Scotch whisky of 
whom Surridge is an employee. 
But some of their baning was 
nothing less than slovenly in 

The tourists declared on then- 
overnight score, giving them a 
first innings lead of 125. Despite 
a promising start, the Minors 
saw their major batting vanish 
either side of lunch after Todd, 
Plumb and Greensword had 
shown straight bats and good 
sense in taking them to 82 for 
one. Roope ran himself out in a 
moment of rashness, 
Greensword played the wrong 
line against a straight one frpro 
Barrett to lose his middle stump 
and both Patel and Riddell 
departed to unnecessary forcing 

Gray continued his consid- 
erable impact on the game by 
taking four of the wickets to 
return match figures of nine for 
J06. this too after spending the 
opening hour off the field with a 
stomach upset. But only the odd 
ball turned sharply and the 
seamers has to graft for the least 
reward off a dry and slow 

wicket. Barrett, a tall bowler 
who was a surprise choice in the. 
tour party, picking up three 

The formality, of scoring 17 
runs for victory saw non-bats- 
men and -non-bowlers play out : 
the last riiQL The day, again 
watched by a. good crowd, if . 
smaller than the first two days, 
was over soon after 3pm. 
MN0RC0UNT1E3: First Innings 209 (S G 1 
plumb 60: E J Gray 5 far 54). 

Second innings 

PAToMcSnmbChattieU jn 

SG Plumb c Franklin 6 Grey : — '29 

S Greensword b Bvrett 34 

GRJ Roope ran out 3 

"N A Riddell c ChatfteW b Gray l 

A S Fatal c Wright b Banett 7 

R Herbert b Watson — 23 

tD J Ashley cSWSngb Barrett o 

A J Murphy c Smith D Gray . 8 , 

WG. Many stBUnb Gray B | 

D Surrtdgo not out J \ 

Extras (b 1, Bi 2, w 1. nb 1) sJj 

ToW ' 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-32. £82. 3-92. 4- 

92. 5- 102. 6-108. 7-114, 8-129. 9-134. 
BOWLING: ChattieW 7-0-15-1; 6tiffiro8- 
0-32r0: Gray 15A-2-52-4; Barratt 12^4-32- 
3; Watson 3-1-7-7. 

NEW ZEALANDERS: First Innings 
TJ Frankfin cTodd DGreonswort — 20 

■J G Wright e Patat b Murphy 65 ■ 

j j Crowe st Ashley b Ptomn ® 

EJ GrayB Surridge ... 108 

M D Crowe b Merry : 28 ! 

TE BtatacRtodettb Murphy 0 , 

■H D S Smith b Murphy 7 | 

D A Stirling c RtoOeS 6 Samdge _ — itf., 

W Watson notout 7 | 

B Barrett not out ; 3 ; 

Extras (b 2. to 8, no 1) IT 

Total (8 wkts dec) — ^ — 334 i 

EJChatMddUnotbaL' i 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-55. 2-1CT7. 3-201. 4- | 

262. 5- 273. 6-287. 7-309, 8328. I 

BOWLING: Murphy 27-3-85-3; Merry 20- I 
5-47-1: Swridge 19-5-81-2: Grennaword 
13-433-1; Herbert 83-24-0; Patel 113- 1 
41-0: Plumb 9-1-33-1. 

Second Innings • 

DA Stirling not out ^ — 13 

B Barrett not out - — 5 

Total (no wto) IB 

BOWLING: Roope 2 333; RJdcteif 1-0-6- 
D-.Todd 1-0-4-0. 

Uniptras: 0 J Hatfyard and T G Wfbon. 



make it 

• • 

four wins 
in a row 

England defeated Wales by 
100 shots to 68 at. Paisley 
yesterday- to lift the Gareway 
British Isles international-bowk 
championship 'for- the fourth 
successive year. 

Wales, who made several 
changes, gave England some 
anxious moments, for despite 
their earlier victories 3gaRi$t 
Ireland and Scotland, the cham- 
pions still had to finish ahead in 
their last game to assure them- 
selves of the title once again. 

England only eight 
shots at the talfway stage bm 
surged further ahead across the 
green in the closing stages. Their 
rinks, skipped by John BeD and 
Alan Windsor, once again won 
their games to achieve 100 per 
cent records. >- 

The only Welsh success was 
by a .reshuffled rink skipped by 
Trevor Mounty who scored an 



by a .reshuffled rink skipped by 
Trevor Mounty who scored an 
early five against Pip Branfidd 
and- held --.du to win iheir 
encounter by four shots. 

RINK SCORES Enctenti ekips -ErjftA 
Alcock 20. R Hfl £a Wfetaar 23. B 
HswMns 15;D Ward 21, J Morgan 12; j 
Bel 22, S WilsNra 14,-P BrenSd 14, T 
Mounty 18. 



to UDR 

Indians beat off a 
Scottish challenge 

DUMFRIES: The Indians beat 
Scotland by 52 runs. | 

Scotland will not be hoping 
for more of the same when India 
make their next visit in 1989. 
India's pugnacious 

wicketkeeper More, who gave 
England plenty of trouble with 
the bat in the Test- series, took 
three catches and took two 
brilliant siumpings as the tour- 
ists won the second of the two 
limited over matches by 52 runs 
aL Dumfries. But the man-of- 
the-match award went to 
Sharma for the second of two 
half-centuries in India's 21 1 for 

Opening batsman Lamba 
scored the other but India did 
not find nm-gening easy against 
Scotland, who caused a few 
surprises in this summer’s Ben- 
son and Hedges Cup. The Scots, 
beaten by three wickets on 
Thursday, made a consistent 
but unspectuacular batting ef- 
fort which never threatened 
cricket's one-day world 
champions. » . 


K Srikkanta c Heray b Duttito 2 

Raman Lamba st Ffeiiro b Henry — 53 
M Azharuddn e PWp b Kirkwood — 18 

C Pandit b Donald 0 

■SM PatJI c Kirkwood bBunett 16 

S M Gavaskar c Fkunaig b Ksr 1 

*fK S Mora rnn out T9 

C J Sharma c Ptwip b Henry ; '59 

M Prabhakar run out 19 

N S YadBY not out 14 

Manextor Singh not out 0 

Extras (b T. lb 3, w B) — — i — . 10 

Total (9 wkts. SO aws) 211 

.FALL OF WICKETS: 1-2, 239. 3-41, 4-95, 
5-97, 6-115. 7-134, 8-174. 9-208. 
BOWLING- Duttte 10-0-41-1; Ker 8-0-26- 
1; Donato 10-239-1: Kirkwood 7-0-30-1; 
Burnett 5630-1; Henry 103-41-2. 


I LPtiBpc Mora b Sharma 9 ■ 

W A Donato c Mora b Maninder 23 i 

■R Q.Swan c Mora b Maninder 21 

O Hmry c Azfiarvddm b Petit 26 

A B Russsti c Prabhakar b Maninder ^ 10 

N w Burnett st More b Srikkanth 8. 

A Brown b Pas 14 

P G Outtee run ora 1 

tD Flemtng st Mora b Azhmiddtf! 9 

J 6 Ker not out — - 14 

.Extras (b 14.I&5, w4,nb2) 25 

Total (9 wkts. 50 overs) 159 

G R Kirkwood did not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-19, 2 h* 6. 3-85, 4- 
91, 5-110. 6-127. 7-128. 8-134. 9-159. 
BOWLING: Prabhakar 7-1-18-0; Sharma 
7-2-11-1: Manlndar 10-3-273- Yadav 10- 
0383 Patfl 10338-2; Srikkanth 4-0-10- 
1: Azharuddin 238-1. 

Umpirex-W B Smith and J B ConneA. 

Repton just in time 

Schools cricket by George Chesterton 

The second battalion Ulster 
Defence Regiment completed a 
successful week's shooting at. 
Bisley yesterday by winning the 
King’s Royal Rifle Corps Cup, - 
the .major unit championship of 
the Army, beating the Ghurkas - 
by one match point 

It was a particular disappoint- - 
meat for the Brigade of 

Ghurkas, whose units had Won - 
the overall title for six yean 
until' the Webb Guards- took. - 
over m l 983. 

• This year The Welsh .Guanfe 
were not there, but the Ulster-, 
men, who hove been making 
steady progress in Army com- - 
petitions over recent years, woe 
. on top form.-' Their sergeant 
major,- David Beattie, came near 
to winning (he Queen's Medal 
but the new champion. Corporal 
David BeU, first King's Own 
Border Regiment, had buHt op 
an unassailable, lead. 

The other two Queen's Medal 
winners, both second time 
champions, had also led the 
initial stages. Petty Officer. 
Christopher Privett, the -Royal. 
Navy winner, finished with an : 
advantage of 26 points, but)^; 
Corporal John Prictor, the RAF* 
champion, was only three points 
ahead of the runner-np. .. 

ROYAL NAVY: OoMit’a Madefcl. PO C 
Prtv«t{RN Portsmouth), 982 ptK 2. L/Cpl . j 
D O'Connor (F»ri CTC). 938; 3. L/Cpt P 
Symes (40 Command^. 928. WMA - 
AnriW M iy Cup (FJntf aaoet C/Sgt P , 1 
BeestonfFtM Air Squadron)Ti75. Ramsay 
TrapbrlCtranatonAt Ain^GPONed ' 
Ml rCanrmxJ). • . - 

ARMY: Qwnri Medal: 1. CpI A Bel (t 
King's' Own Border). 975. 2. WOZ A 

Aggressive bowling and keen 
fielding gave Repton victory 
over Malvern by 101 runs 
yesterday, the last wicket falling 
with only five balls left. 

Repton. the visitors, were put 
in to bat on a wicket lively from 
overnight rain. Cook was out in 
the first over and although 
Repton consolidated they never 
looked happy until Wall got into 
his stride. 

It was certainly his day. In his 
excellent innings of 98 he sur- 
vived four difficult chances and 

one easy one. He even had his 
stumps hiu but the bails stayed 
in place. He was severe on 
anything over-pitched and 
scored 16 boundaries. The Mal- 
vern bowlers stuck well to their 
task until the declaration came 
at 210 for nine. 

As the Malvern innings began 
the wicket continued to give 
help to the bowlers 

SCORES: Rapton 210 tor 9 (C Wei 981 
Malvern its (G Lora 49 nor out C Wall ! 
tor 25. 0 Anderson 3 lor 32). 

Griurita Rifles. 546. RASC Cup (Mtoor 
Unite Ctaunptorabipl: 1, 69 GTufea Field 
Squadron. 3l4; 2rught OMsfaft Depot. 
312;3. RAOC Training Battaflon. 207. OW 
Conten«)tiUn Cup (Rife aid UNO 


RAF. Owen’s Medal: 1. Cpi J Prictor 
(Honington). 489: 2. Sgt D Plant (Marfan) 

488: 3. Cpi K Ntchotson (Odtoam). 454. 
Pistol Championship: 1, Cpi 1 VhspM . . 
tCo w « nniora ),486:2. Prictor. 464; 3, Cpi P 
Raymond <Cotmsmora), 448. SM bn Eh 
flcfemfCom p etalon:?, Mariam. 1845.-2. . . 
High Wycontos. 1821: 3. Cottesmore. 
1797. min* Chapman Ci*j OM 
Ch em a iwufa ipp 1, lficholson. 34ft 2. 

I 9B" 7 .. . 


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Weekend television and radio programme 
Edited by Peter Dear and Peter Davaln 


-^S.45 Open University. Until 
. 8.25. 

•••' d. P *U| WO The Saturday Picture 

- Shew presented by Marie 
^ * Curry and Cheryl Baker at 

:.„••• I'.:- hti J • a rooftop barbecue. 

. ' : '■t-IV? i ■; ; - A ™ng the guests are Rolf 
■: ... ; £V •■-■ . Hams and EastEnders 

^ • actor Ross Davidson. 

"''s 10.45 Grandstand Introduced by 

■■■■■-.: S': tH : • Desmond Lynam.The 

. • i Unenip Is: 11.00, 225, 2L35 

- -■ v ? - and 3^0 Cricket the 

; Benson and Hedges Cup 
- • r 'idi r T<.i ^ • Final between Middlesex 

- .<> K V- v ; and Kent at Lord's: 1220 

: . - News summary and 

. ■_. « weather; 1.00 Motor 


: V • 

fK ^ 5 


Gh^ : »■ 
JieU : 

off a 

3-.r>. ‘ 

f .„*■ -to. 

v — • 

*v . 

. • - -Vf. 

Racing: practice day for 
tomorrow's Shell Oils 
British Grand Prix at 
Brands Hatch: 1-55, 2J25 
and 2.55 Racing from 
Ungfield; 3L20 Golf: the 
final round ot the Car Care 
Plan International at 
Moortown, Leeds. Plus 
news of the World Show 
Jumping Championships 
from Aachen, west 

■5.05 News with Jan Learning. 

* • Weather 5.15 

Sport/regional news. 

5J20 The Dukes of Hazzard. Bo 
and Luke make a secret 
trip into neighbouring 
Osage and end up in a 
chain-gang prison. It 
doesn't take long before 
they are planning the 
county's biggest jaiibreak. 

6.10 Sony! Timothy has trouble 
locating a 'naughty' book 
in his library. It ne does 
find It what, will happen if 
mother discovers the 
contents of the plain 
wrapper? Starring Ronnie 
Corbett and Barbara 
Lott.(r) (Ceefax) 

6.40 Grand Prix (19e6) starring 
James Gamer, Yves 
Montand and Eva Marie 
Saint. The story of an 
American racing driver 
* fighting his way back to 
the top after being sacked 
by his boss for being 
responsible for a 
colleague's near-fatal 
crash. Directed by John 
Frankenheimer. (Ceafax) 

• 9.25 The Bob Monkhouse 

Show. The entertainer's 
guests are Lorraine Chase 
and last year's Las Vegas 
Entertainer of the Year, 
Pete Barbutti. (r) 

.4 ■ r . « 
• "" * 

- . 10.05 News and sport. With Jan 
Leeming. Weather. 

' 1 0.20 Cagney and Lacey. The 

■v.. ~'iu ■ two policewomen 

. — . investigate the death of a 

“ . leading union official, 

2-'. • • apparently with a 

. . blameless past. But 

: ;; investigations uneartti 

- 1 Irttie-known facts about 

the dead man. On the . 

" ■ . domestic front. Christine 

” . . receives a visit from her 

Los Angeles-based niece; 
and Mary Beth pays 

' ' L... hostess to a visitor from 

" England. Starring Sharon 
Gtess and Tyne Daley. 
(Ceefax) • 

' 11.10 John Denver. The* 

~ : i ' singer/songwriter in a 
• - -;*» -j-' concert recorded at 

- T* . Birmingham's National 

t; Exhibition Centre. 

12.00 World Show Jumping 

: r ; -/ Highlights of the day’s 

events. The commentators 
ri « are Raymond Brooks- 

7. - ' Ward and Stephen Hadley 
,c ~ - ' 12.40 Weather. 


6^5 Good Morning Britain, 
introduced by Richard 
Keys. News at 74)0; 
regional report at 7.08; 
and sport at 7.10. 

7 JO The Wide Awake Club 
includes comedians, 
Mullarky and Myers. News 


9 25 Get Freshl in 

124)0 News with John Suchet 
12.05 WretriOng. Two 
contests from Stourbridge 
Town Hall. 

14K) FWnu Blond! a* (1938) 
starring Penny Singleton 
and Arihur Lake. Big 
screen version of Cnic 
Young's cetobrated strip 
cartoon about a chaotic 
American household. 
Directed by Frank R 

Stray er. 

2L30 Thafs My Boy. Comedy 
series starring Mollie 

3.00 International Moto-Cross- 
The British 500cc Grand 
Prix from Hawke stone 
Park, Shropshire. 

54K) News. 

5.05 The Grumbleweeds 
Show. The first of a new 
series of comedy sketches 
and Impersonations from 
the five funny men. 

5.35 John Silver’s Return to 
Treasure Island. Jim 
Hawkins and most of his 
companions are captured 
by the Spanish when they ' 
arrive on the island of 
Santa Anna. 

5 JO And There's More cricket 
A new series starring 
comedian Jimmy Cricket 

7.00 We Love TV. Gloria 
Hunn riord Introduces a 
new series of the game in 
which celebrities test their 
knowledge of televison 

7 JO pFeel Fine, presented by 

Stan Boardman who 
introduces some of those 
who will be appearing at 
the Liverpool Festival of 

8 JO AH Star Secrets. What do 

Michael Barrymore, Pat 
Coombs, Jeffrey Holland. 
Ronnie Scott and Barbara 
Windsor, have to hide? 

9.00 News and sport 

9.15 Film: Buflitt (1968) starring 
Steve McQueen. The film 
made famous by the . 
celebrated car chase. 
Before that though, 
Detective Frank Bullitt 
meets all kind of 
obstruction from dubious 
superiors when he is 

* assigned to took after a 
vital witness in a 
corruption trial. Directed 
by Peter Yates. 

11420 LwT News headlines 

followed by Mog. Comedy 
series starring Enn ReiteL 


starring I 

11.50 Fllm:Oiitlancr(1981)A 
science fiction thnlter 
starring Sean Connery as 
the security chief of a 
mining base on the third 
moon of Jupiter, 
investigating the reasons 
behind a large number of 
suicides. Directed by Peter 

1.40 I've Got This Mole. An 
animated version of a 
Jasper Carrotl 
monologue, (r) 

1.50 Night Thoughts. 

7.15 Open University. Until 

220 Film: The Great Dictator* 

S^S^AjSish barber 
is mistaken for the 
notorious dictator, 

Adenoid HynkeL Directed 
tw Charlie Chaplin. 

420 The Sky at Night Patrick 
Moore is the guide around 
the summer slcy.(r) 

4,40 Cricket The dosing 

session of the Benson and 
Hedges Cup Final 
between Middlesex and 

7 JO Btonklf s First Show. A 
musical documentary 
about an Appatoosa 
horse, a Red Indian breed, 
as It Is prepared fora 
show run by the British 
Apatoosa Society. Linda 
McCartney explains while 
husband Paul serenades. 

7 J55 News View. Jan Leeming 
with today's news and 
sport; Moira Stuart 
reviews the week s news 
in pictures with subtitles. 

8J5 Zubin Mehta Masterclass. 
The Indian-bom conductor 
works with the Israel 
Philharmonic Orchestra on 
the second movement 
from Debussy's La mar. 
Illustrating his special 
skills to five young 
aspiring conductors. (r) 

925 Film: Guns in the 

Afternoon (1962) starring 
Randolph Scott and Joel 
McCrea. Drama about two 
ex-lawmen, down on their 
luck, whojumpatthe 
chance of a job guarding a 
gold shipment from a 
remote mining town to the 
nearest bank. The job 
turns out to be more 
dangerous than they 
Imagined, especially as 
one of the men has ideas 
of his own for the bullion 
shipment. With Marietta ■ 
Hartley as a father-fleeing 
' farmer's daughter adding 
the romantic interest. 
Directed by Sam 

10.55 Cricket Highlights of 
today's Benson and ■ 
Hedges Cup Final. 

11.45 Film: Zoltan...Kound of 
Dracula (1977) starring 
Michael Pataki, Jose 
Ferrer and Reggie Nalpar.. 
Horror story about the 
fiendish hound, Zoltan, 
and Dracula 's servant, in 
Los Angeles searching tor 
their dead master’s sole 
surviving descendant In 
order to make him the new 
Dracula. Directed by 
Albert Band. Ends at 1.15 


1.00 Charmef4Radngfrom 
York, The 1 20, 1^50, 220 
and 2-50 races. 

3.00 FHim The Westerner* 

(1940) starring Gary 
Cooper. A classic western 
in which Cooper plays a 
cowhand who becomes 
involved in a range war 
between homesteaders 
and cattlemen. Directed by 
William Wyler. 

4J0 Past Times. A visit to a 
tractor and farm museum. 

5.05 Brookside. (rKOracle) 

6.00 Right to Reply. Stewart 
Boyle of Friends ot the 
Earth challenges the 
findings of William 
Woodard's programme, 

Too Hot to Handle? 

6.30- 1986 Tour de France. 

Stage nine - a 60 kilometre 
time trial In and around 

720 News summary and 

weather followed by The 
Sons of Abraham. Part six 
examines the story of the 

7 JO 20/20 Vision: The Nuclear 

Gulag. A documentary, 
made over a period of four 
years, accusing the 
Russian authorities of 
working thousands of 
prisoners to death In 
unsafe unranlum mines. 

8 JO 4 Minutes: The Black 

Rainbow. Crippled Grace 
dreams of walking through i 

the hospital corridors with 
a man on her arm. 

8 J5 NewharL Domestic 
comedy series starring 
Bob Newhart. 

9.00 Saki. The first of a short 
season of plays by the late 
Philip Mackie. Saki is 
based on the witty 
Edwardian stories of 
Hector Hugh Monro. <r) 

104)0 Hill Street Blues. Chiei 
Daniels orders a 
resumption of the 
operation to round-up the 
characters who frequent 
the crime-ridden Dekker 
Avenue. (Oracle) 

10.55 The Twilight Zone: The 
7th is Made Up of 
Phantoms. National Guard 
manoeuvres in the area 
where Custer made his 
last stand lead to the 
disappearance of three 

11.25 Film: Shanks (1974) 

starring Marcel Marcaau 
in the dual role of -a 
scientist who can raise the 
dead and a puppeteer. 
Directed by William Castle. 

1.10 The Twilight Zone: Black 
•Leather Jackets. Three 
• men from another planet 
plan to take over the 
world. Endsatl J5. 


- * * tfUC Q4 O* UfnrlH CoiuiM MF 648kHz/463(T!. ' 1 

. - ; ^ ±- 2 . i A5ffltHz/206m: VHF 94 A World Sen dee MF 648kHz/463m. 
j ^ .. ■ . \ I 10-30 Tha Good Book. A 13- 

rf/ Radio 4 ) 1 


•r-;; r t.on long wave. VHF variations atend 
L 3= ■ 5JS Shipping. 6.00 News. 6.10 

: .. prelude. Music (s) 

r ...- -jiS - " 620 News: Farming. 6.50 

Prayer (s) 6.55 Weather 
r- '•**.- £* Travel. • , 

' -74» News. 7.10 Todays 

• , W .... - Papers. 7.15 On Your 
" ir T'>'2 J •- Farm. _ . 

: f.- ; 7J6 In Perspective (Religious 


? '■ ; - 720 Down to Earth. 

74?*; . (gardening). 7J5 

Weather; Travel. 

‘ 84X) News. 8.10 Todays 

••••'■ .... Papers. 

■“ 8.15 Sport on 4. 

8.48 Yesterday in Parnamem. 

8 J7 Weather: Travel 
9.00 News. 9.05 Breakaway. 

9 JO News Stand, lan Histop 
, - * reviews the weekly 
- ' T"- • * • ' magazines. 

- " - 10.05 The Week m 

Westminster with James . 

. . . ' Naughtie of The Guardian. 

, -z • ' 1020 Loose Ends, wite Ned 
' ' ' »_* ^ Sherrin and studio 

- • : V- guests. _ 

1120 From Our Own • 

Correspondent. Life and 

^ .politics abroad, reported by 

•' : I. BBC foreign 

— ’.-i- correspondents. 

■y-j. . 12.00 News: Culinary 

' -~z: - •• ■ Characters. People who 

. mvb affected Brftejn.s 

7 . • , _ eating habits. (2) Cotin 

-» : 3 j , • 1227 TfieNmws Quiz. With 

^kow. Richard ir^rams. 
, Alan Coren. and Barry 

, - 1 - ’ Took. 12.55 Weather 

V-tzZ ' T . ' 1.00 News 

' -T . . 1.10 Any OuMtion^WWh 

. • ■ v - .. - . Angela Rumbold MP. 

Max Hastings. John 

- 3 J 30 News: Travel; 

*'■ ; international 
■ . 

frorn around the world. 

- ; 400 Th? Saturday 

- : ' R^wSSnas'been 

. SSlffin. P /Sfcg;- fro,n 

■» which came ore hch 

Mick Lunn, rivet keeper 





Marian Diamond (« 

... . ssaspr 



part senes about the 
Bible presented by Brian 
Redhead. (2) Pride and 

11.00 Science Now. With Peter 

1120 Don't Stop Now -Its 
Fundation. Comedy 
cabaret (s) 

1220 News: Weather 12.33 

VHF (aval^iein England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except 52W520WI1 Weather 
TraveL 4.00-620 Options 
4.00 Nursing History. 420 
Victorian Values. 54» 

Modem European Authors. 
520 Royals and 

( Radio 3 ) 

On medium wave. V^F variations 
between 6.35am and 6.55am. and 
between 10.55am and 7.10pm (see 
end erf Radio 3 listings) 

6.55 Weather. 74)0 News^ 

7 05 Aubade: Offenbach (La 
belle Helene ovoerture) 

Faure (P^teaa ot Metisanda 
suite). Mozart (Oukrtetm 
E flat for piano, wind, K 45Z 
with Kontarsky.plano). 
Saint-Saens (U rpu« 
d'omphale). Schub^t 
(Moments muaicsux. Nos i 
to 3: Barenboim, piano). 
Strauss (Four Last Songs: 

Norman.soprar«). Fw vel 
(La valse).94K> News 
g.05 Stereo Release Bach 
(two duals. No2mF a 
S5w80M.and No 3 in G. 
BWV 804 :played tw 



op 35: PoIBnl, piano) 

10.05 Orchestral Handet 

8.15 A Walk through Wales: 

Philip Bond reads The 
Devil's Bridge 

825 Haydn and Bartok: fart 
2. Haydn (Senate in C 
major. H XVI 48)and Bartok 
(Sonata tor two pianos, 

925 Shell of Surpassing 

Brightness: Arabic poetry. 
With Dr Mustapha Badawi 
925 Handel: Cantata a tie: 

Clork, Tlrsl e FHeno. 

London Handel Orchestra 
and sokrfsts.Part one. 

Part two at 10.35 
1120 Poulenc: Almee van de 
Wiete (harpsichord) with 
Paris Conservatoire 
• Orchestra. Concert 

1127 News. 12.00 Closedown. 
Variations on VHF.: 

625am Open University, until 
6.55. Never too late to 
team. ^ 

1025am French Songs: Martyn 
HIM (tenor). Graham 
Johnson (piano). Works 

by Duparc find Le 

manor de Rosemonde), 
and Hahn fmd Les 

1120 City of Birmingham SO 
(under Rattle), with 
Brendel (piano). Webern 

Beethoven (Plano Conceorto 
No 4), Debussy 
(ImagesiGtoues. Rondes de 

B intemps.lbena). I4w 

comment on The Color 
Purple, and I'm not 

625 Organ mustc Martin 


Buxtehude, Georg Bohm 

( Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. See Radio 1 
tor VHF variations 
News on the hour until 1.00pm 
then 3.00, 64)0, 7.00 and hourly 
from 10.00. Headlines 620am, 

720. Sports Desks 114»2mn, 
10.02pm. Cricket Scoreboard 
720 pin. 

420am David Bussey (s)64W 
Steve Truelove (si 8.05 David 
Jacobs (s) 104)0 Sounds, of the 
60s (s) 11.00 Album Time with 
Peter Claytorrfs) 14Jtom 
Barrymore phis Four (Michael 
Barrymore) 120 Sport on 2. 
Includes Cricket (Middlesex and 
Kent). Also news from 
Warwickshire v New Zealand at 
Edgbaston. Racing from York 
and Worid Showjumping 
Championships at Aachen. 6.00 
John Dunn Presents Two's Best 
7.00 Three in a Row. From Tha 
Island HaU, Sark 720 Memories ol 
Old Vienna. From the Opera 
House. St HeMer. Jersey 920 String 
Sound (s) 10.05 Martin Kelner 
(s) 12.05am Night Owls with Dave 
Geliy (Sl 1.00 Jean Chaflb 
presents Nlghtnde (s) 320-420 A 
Little Night Music (s> 

6.45 Open University. Until 1 6. 
820. 1 
825 Ptay School. 9.15 Knock I 

K*ock.(fl ^ , I 

9J0 This b the Day. A simple 

service form a viewers I 
home in WWsscwdine, 1 
Rutland 104)0 Asian | a 

Magazine. Bradford 
Councillor Mohammed | 

Ajeeb looks back at Hs 1 
year in office as the nrst 
Aslan Lord Mayor. 10J0 I 
The Great Patoce: The 
Story of Parliament Part I « 


Britain's cities and 1 

suburbs, (r) „ . | 

11 JO Seabrook's Year. Spnng I 
work for shepherd and 
freelance farmworker, j 1 

World, (r) 124)5 See Heart 1 
Magazine programme tor I 

I the hearing Impaired, (r) I 
1225 Fanning. The i 

results of an opinion pod I 
on fanners' thoughts on I 
politics, profit and | 

conservation are analysed 1 i 

1228 Weather. _ 

00 News headtinefi 1.05 I 
Uan gotten 86. The 40th I 
anniversary of the North I 

Wales International I 

Musical Eisteddfod 220 1 

EastEnders. (r) (Ceefax) j 
20 Film: Five Fingers (1952) j 
starring James Mason, | 
Danielle Darrieux and | ■ 
Michael Rennie. Second I 
World War drama, based 1 
on tact, about the valet of 1 

the British Ambassador to I 

Turkey who sold secrets I 
to the Nazis. Directed by | 
Joseph L. Mankbwicz I 
4.45 Barney BUI Double J 
Bin. Cartoons. 1 

i.00 Great Railway Journeys 1 
of the World. Michael 
Palin travels from Euston I 
to Kyle of Lochalsh. (r) 
(Ceefax) I 

520 Wild Britain. Bam Owl I 
chicks in Somerset; a swift I 
family's nest in the roof of I 
a city house; seals in the I 
Wash; and Chris I 

Bonnington with pictorial j 
evidence of why he takes I 
the 'yeti' stories very | 
seriously, are among the 1 
topics this week. 1 

625 Appeal by Moira Stuart on I 
behalf of The Anti-Slavery I 

Society- I 

6.30 News with Jan Leeming. I 

620 Home on Sunday. Cliff I 

Michelmore pays a visit to 1 
the founder of the modem I 
hospice movement Dame I 
Cicely Saunders. (Ceefax) 
7.15 Film: Touched By Love 

(I960) starring Deborah I 
Raffln and Diane Lane. 

The story, based on fact, I 

of a teenager, suffering I 
from cerebral pa Isay, who I 
becomes obsessed with I 
Bvis Presley. Directed by I 
GusTrikonis. (Ceefax) I 

8.45 News with Jan Leeming. | 
Weather. I 

9.00 PbwOntyYeMerday^by 
Julian Gtoag. Paul Scofield I 
and Wendy Hiller star in I 
this drama about a married I 
• • couple coining to terms J 

with old age. (Ceefax) 

1020 Choices. Chad Varah. 
Andrew Alexander, Dr 
Sheila Cassidy and 
Donald Woods discuss 
whether they believe they 
are their brother's keeper. 
11.10 Favourite Waflia. A walk 
in the Black Country with 
Chris Baines, (r) 

1125 World Show Junping 

Highlights of the final 

day's events. 

12.15 Weather. 

625 Good Morning Britain 
begins with 'A Thought for 
a amday': 74)0 Are YOU 
Awake Yet?; 7 25 Cartoon; 
720 Wae Extra; 8.10 Jeni 
Barnett's Pick of the Week 
827 news headlines. 

820 Jonathan DftnMeby on 
Sunday. Edward Heath 
discusses the topic Of 
sanctions on South Africa. 


925 Wake Up London. The 
Vicious Boys become zoo 
keepers for the day 925 
Woody and friends. 

Cartoons, (r) 9.45 Roger 
Ramjet Cartoon. 

1020 Morning Worship from St 
Paul's United Reformed 
Church. Harrogate. 1120 t 
Getting On. A group of 

pensioners from the 
Polytechnic of North 
London take a river trip to 

■ discuss whether times 
have changed tor the 
good or bad. 

1120 Reasons. The first of a 
new series. Three 
philosophers. Baroness 
Wamock. Dr William 
Newton-Smith, and Dr 
Simon Blackburn, are 
questioned by Paul 
Sieghart about the value 
andrelevance of their 

1220 Jobwatch visits a 

Manchester college of 
further education. 1220 
Take 30. Three deaf 
teenage girts take part in a 
project that gives them a 

taste of independent 

living. 1-00 Ponce 5. 1.15 
Cartoon Tune- 

120 Survival: How Does Your 
Garden Grow? The killers 
of the plant world - slugs. 

■ snails, weevils, root flies 
and aphids - are put under 
the microscope 2.00 
Survival of the Fittest. The 
Abseil and Raft Race 
sections of the Britvic 55 

220 LWT News headlines 
followed by Filin: Africa - 
Texas Style! (1967) 
starring Hugh O Brian and 
John Mills. A Kenyan 
settler hits on the idea of 
hiring a Texan cowboy to 
help him preserve wildlife 
by herding the animals into 
corrals. Directed by 
Andrew Marton. 

420 The Campbells. The 

Iroquois refuse to release 
John until they can have 
James. ^ , . 

5.00 Albion Market. (Oracle) 

6.00 Now You See It. General 
knowledge game. 

620 News. M 

620 Highway. Sir Harry 

Secombe visits Norwich. 

7.15 Whiner Takes AIL Quiz 
show. , 

725 Murder, She Wrote: Trial 
By Terror. Jessica has to . 
solve a double murder 
when she serves on a Jury. 

820 Return to Eden. Dan 
invites Stephanie to loin 
i him on holiday but she 

refuses the offer. (Oracle) 
d 925 News. 

920 The Real World presented 
by Michael Rodd and 
Jackie Sprecley. The taste 
of food to come is the 
subject this week. (Oracle) 

1020 The Jimmy Young 

Television Programme, is 
boxing barbaric? is 
• debated by Henry Cooper, 

doctors, boxers and their 

114)5 LWT News headlines 

followed by The Irish RM. 
Major Yeates is on hand to 
see the local regatta turn 
into a debacle, (r) 

12.05 Night Thoughts- 

juSn Glover, Katharine Rogers, and Wendy Hiller Only 
Yesterday, on BBC1, at 9.00pm 

an University. Until 

Radio 4 

125 Oboe, cor anglais, plana 

- Andrew Knights and 

jane Dodd. Nielsen (Fantasy 
Pieces, Op 2). Hindemith 
(Sonata), DutiHeux (Sonata 

Radio 1 

Pieces, Op 2). Hindemith 
(Sonata), DutiHeux (Sonat 

(Sonata), DuWleux (Sonai 
tor oboe .piano) 

125 Panocha String Quartet 
Haydn (Quartet in D. Op 

1025 Cricket Benson and 

Hedges Cup Final. Kent v 
Middlesex. Coverage 
continues on medium 
wave. Radio 3. until 7.10pm 
7.10 The Stranger Denys 


major^H XV150). Bartok 
/Allegro barbaro: Six 
Romanian Dances: Sonata 


325 Frenct . 


works by Marais, Mardtand. 
Couperin and 
Boismortier . 

5.00 Jazz Record 

Requests rwith Peter 


Critics' i 

' Choice: includes 

■' . ■ 

oo nv, USpo. 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end. 

News on the half-hour unN 
1220pm. then 220, 3.30, 520, 

720. 920, 12 20 midnight 
620am Mark Page. 84» I Peter 
Powell. 10.00 Dave Lee Travis. 
1.00pm Adnan Juste (s). 2.00 
The Best of Rod. Rod Stewart in 
conversation with Janice Long. 

3,00 The American Chart Show. 

Bates. 620 Rod Stewart 
Comes Home’ (s);720 Simon 
Mayo. 920-12.00 The Midrtght 
Runners Show(Dbc|e Peach). VHF 
RADIOS 1 A 420am AS 
Radio 2. 120pm As Radio 1.720- 
4410 am As RacBo 2. 

I4B Newsda# 620M8ti^h 720Nej« 


MorM Today 920 Dra n iM l News IJ0 
Look. A^f M5 Abort 10^ 
Ittws HUM Hera's tornpht WAS iL«w 
from America 1MI FNpIt NMh 
H4)0 News 11- M News .Abort i glton 
11.15 Tenor and Baritone J120 
124)0 Radio Newsreel WM 

Saturday SpecSsS Radio News^ 
X 15 ^Mmy%>ecial 44)0 News 4,18 

94)0 NewsaSTwantwfOU’ hfx reAM 
Jm tor tta Ae»ifl94» New Ml Sh^ 
from Seven Seas alS VWttfsNew 
PMDto and PoMcs 104» News KUn 

kins 1040 Reflections 1045 Sports 
Roundup 1120 News H-MCommenmy 
11.18 A Perteet Sp* 1120 Hotywood 
Oscar Mgtits 1SL00 News 124)9 News 
About Brttam 12.15 R**o Newsraal tag 
Ray of the Vfeek 145 The Bert of British 
24B News 24)9 Review pf too 
Press 2-10 Whafs New 220 Nbum Tkne 
34)0 News 3J» News AOOUt&lteb Atf 
From or own Con«s»prtote*rt 4^JSR^ 
flections 4 RnanctolReytow 6J0 N*** 
54)9 TwantwFour Hours 5.45 Latter from 
America ALdDios to OMT. 

Regional 7V: an facing page 

On long wave. VHF variations at 


525 Shipping. G4W News. 
Weather. 6.10 Prelude 
(music) (s) 

620 News; Morning has 
Broken (hymns). 625 
weather Travel 

720 News. 7.10 Sunday 
Papers. 7.15 Apna Hi 
Ghar Samajhiye. 7.45 Bells. 
720 Turning Over New 
Leaves. 725 Weather Travel 

84)0 News. 8.10 Sunday 

8.15 Sunday. Religious news 
and views. 

820 JUI Gascoigne appeals 
tor people to befriend 
those in prison. 825 
Weather Travel 

94)0 News. 9.10 Sunday 

9.15 Letter from America, by 
Alistair Cooke. 

920 Morning Service from 
WhitefieU Presbyterian 
ChapeL Abergavenny. 

10.15 The Archers- Ofimtous 

11.15 Pick of the Week. 

Highlights presented by 
Margaret Howard (s) 

12.15 Desert Island Discs. Sir 
David Wilson, Dvectorof 
the British Museum, is the 
castaway (s) 1225 

120 The World this Weekend: 
News. 125 Shipping. 

24)0 News: Gardeners’ 

Question Time visits 
Manx Rose Society, Isle of 

220 The Afternoon PI ay. 

Hiroshima: The Movie by 
Michael WaU. With Bill 
Paterson. Robin 
Summers and Megum 
Shimanuki (rXs) 

320 Granny Goes to Sea. The 
memories of Faith 
Spencer Chapman, who 
joined the crew of an 
American tall ship In 1984 
when she was into her 

420 News: In our Hearts were 

920 Law in Action. 

1020 News _ 

10.15 The Sunday Feature: The 
Lost Colony. Derek 
Wilson reconstructs the 
events leading up to the 
Raleigh expedition in 1585. 

114)0 Seeds of Faith. 

Reflections on the 
psalms and prayers of the 
Jewish people. 

11.15 In Committee. The work 
of Paiflament's Select 

1220 News: Weather. . . 
VHF (available to England and 


Travel. 74)0-84)0 Open 
University. 74)0 Science: 
Fisheries and Food 720 
Expression to Classical 
Music. 7.40 Technology: 
The Costa of Mttk. 44KML00 
Options: 420 Caribbean 
Focus. 420 Looking into 
Europe. 520 Back on 
Course. 520 Get by In 

125 Sunday Grandstand 

introduced by Desmond 
Lynam.The Bne-up is: 

Motor Racing: the Shell 
Oils British Grand Pnx 
from Brands Hatch; Show 
jumtvng: the W orld 
Championships from 
Aachen. West Germany; 

Goth Bruce Critchley 
recalls the final round of 
the 1977 Open 
Championship which was 
played at Tumberry, the 
venue for this years 
Championship which 
begins on Thursday: 

Crtofceb a John Player 
Special League match 
between Sussex and 
Glamorgan at Hove. 

620 Foley Square. Alex 
decides to relieve the 
monotony of waiting tor 
the arrest of a top drugs 
dealer by having an 
expansive dinner In town. 

7.15 The World About Us: 
Volunteers. A profile of 
the Voluntary Service 
Overseas organisation 
and some of its more 
recant recruits who are 
working in Gambia. 

Among them Keith RHson 
and Fiona Smith, both In 
their twenties, who are 
teaching villagers to set up 
vegetable gardens and 
tree planting projects; and 
47-year old Sue Brooks 
who is teaching secretarial 
skills. (Ceefax) 

8:05 Favourite Things. Felicity 
Kendall talks to Richard 
Baker about the things in 

life that give her the most 
pleasure. (Ceefax) 

825 Wild Flower. Michael 
Jordan with the story of 
the water-lily, (r) (Ceefax) 
845 Dancemakers. Richard 
Alston, who became 
Artistic Director of Ballet 
Rambert earlier this year, 
talks about his life and 
career, and introduces a 
performance of his 
■Wildlife' dance. The music 
is performed by the 
Mercury Ensemble. 

920 Fftn: The African Queen 
(1951) starring Humphrey 
Bogart and Katharine 
Hepburn. Bogart won an 
Oscar for his role as 
Charlie Allnutt. a booty 
ship's captain who faHs tor 
a prim spinster missionary 
as they do battle against 
the Germans in East Africa 
at the outbreak of the 
Second Work! War. 

Directed by John Huston. 
11,10 Grand Prix- Highlights of 
this afternoon s British 
Grand Prix at Brands 

1120 Rainbow - Live Between 
, the Eyes. The heavy-metal band 
Rainbow recorded in 1982 at a 
concert in San Antoio. Texas. 
Ends at 1225. 

Seaman), with Garrick 
Ohlsson (piano). Verdi 
(Force of Destiny overture), 
Chopin (Plano Concerto 
No 1), Elgar (Symphony No 

2.10 FrtzwHfiam String 

Quartet: Shostakovich 

1,10 Irish Angle. This first of a 
new series analyses the 
Loyalist resistance to the 
Anglo-lrislrr Accord, the 
day after the marches 
celebrating King Billy’s 
victory at the Battle of the 

1.35 Model Magic. Mode! cars 
and trams are the subjects 
of this week s programme 
on model making.(r) 

220 Kids’ Kale. Children 
discover the delights of 

220 Ray on Tagore: 

Rabindranath Tagore* A 
documentary on the life 
and times of the 
celebrated Bengali writer, 
Rabindranath Tagore, 
made in 1961 by the Indian 
director Satyalit Ray. 

320 Film: Teen Kanya (Three 
Daughters)* (1961) This 
first of a three-part film 
tells the story of a woman 
who becomes obsessed 
with accumulating jewels. 
Based on a story by 
Tagore and directed by 


Lonely House* (1956) 
Inspector Duggan 
investigates trie murder of 
a woman found in a barrel 
of tar. Starring Russell 
Napier. Directed by 
Montgomery Tulty. 

5.10 News summary and 
weather followed by 
Buildings - Who Caras? 
Why should buildings be 
saved just because they 
are old? Architect Donald 
Insaii investigates, (r) 

6.10 1986 Tour de France. 
Stage 10 - Nantes to 
Jaunay to Clan. Presented 
by NIck Owen with 
commentary by Phil 
Liggett and Paul Sherwen. 

7.15 The Arabs. Part two of the 
series focuses on 
member of an influential 
family in Fez, Morocco. 
Presented by anthropogist 
Abdallah Hammoudi. (r) 

8.15 People to People: caught 
In a web. The final 

(Elegy and Polka), and 
Tchaikovsky (Quartet No 

Radio 3 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 

625 weather. 720 News 
7 JOS Vivaldi's Venice: 

Inductes recordings of 
Vivaldi's Concerto in G minor 
for strings, RV 157, Ms 
Legrenzi's Sonata, La 
’ Buscha 

84)0 Pterre Fournier: the 
cellist plays Brahms s 

CeUo Sonata No 2 (with 

Firkusny, piano), and the 
Srtnt-Saens Cello Concerto 

years after me start of the 
Spanish Civil War. Jim 
Ltoyd talks to some British 
soldiers about their ■' 

“songs of hope". 

420 The Natural History 
Programme. National 

5.00 News; TraveL 

525 Down Your Way. Brian 
Johnston visits 
Bellingham. Northumberland 
(s). 520 Shipping. 525 

620 News , 

6.15 weekend Woman s 
Hour. Programme 

74)0 Poet's Pub. Eric 
Unklater's story 
dramatized by Elizabeth 
Proud. Epispde 3. (rtfs) 

8.00 A Good Read. Brian Gear 
Invites Frances Donnety 
and Tony Gould to pick some 

820 ^h^Musie Makers. 

Edward Seckerson 
meets Oliver Knussen. 

920 News: A Word in 
Edgeways. With Brian 
Redhead and guests. Should 

education be tor drawing 
out pupils' talents, training 
tomorrow s workforce, or 

Mtohaei Oliver, incudes 
a conversation with me Guo 

brothers about traditional 

Chinese music 

11.15 Tamas Vasary and Peter 
Frank!: two panes. 

Schubert (Rondo to A. D 

951), and Sonata in C.D 

12.15T Royal Liverpool 

PhKhamxwto (under 

320 Maria Stuarda: 

Donizetti’s three-act 
opera, sung in Italian. Adam 
Fischer conducts the 
Vienna State Opera Chorus 
and Orchestra. With 
Baltsa (Elizabeth U Aratza 
(Robert Dudley), and 
Edita Gruberova (title rote). 

5.15 New Premises: Stephen 
Games's arts magazine 

64)0 Liszt and the Piano: Edith 
. Vogei plays Sonata to B 

6415 A Paradise out of a 
'* Common Field: Dr Joan 

Morgan talks about Victorian 
gardeners (1) Geometry 
and Geraniums (rt 

7.15 Esther Lamandier two 
medieval spinning songs 
by Audefroi le Batard , 

720 Haydn and Bartok: 

OabrieB String 
Quartet Part one. Haydn 

Op2(f No4)? Bartok (Quartet 
No 2) 

8,05 A Walk through Wales: 

Philip Bond reads 
Snowdon and Sunset 

825 Recital (contd): Haydn 
(Quartet in G major. Op 

925 Franz S<tomidt BBC SO 
under Pritchard play the 
Symphony No 4 

perform Stravinsky's 
Fanfare for a New ‘ 

Theatre, Durko's Quartet Bo 
Nilsson's Bass tor tuba, 
tam-tam and tuned gongs, 
and Holmboe's Quintet 

1025 Stemdale Bennett: Ulster 
Orchestra (under 
Jonathan del Maar). with 
Malcolm Btons (piano). 
Stemdale Bennett (Piano 
Concerto No 3), Haydn 
(Symphony No 98) 

1127 News. 1220 Closedown. 

VHF variations:- 
6.35am Open University. 

Poetry: tha romantic 

8.15 People to People: eaugm 
In a Web. The final 
programme contrasting 
life 6i a Dorset vWage with 
one in Provence. The 
villagers were shown the 
first two programmes and 
comment on their content 

9.15 Picturing Women. A film 
about Imaginary Women - 
inanimate women who are 
part of our everyday lives. 

10.15 FBm: The Bishop's Wife* 
(1947) starring Cary Grant 
as an angel wno comes 
down to earth to help a 
bishop who has marital 
and financial problems. 

With Loretta Young and 
David Niven. Directed by 
Henry Koster. 

12.15 Cartoon. Magoo Goes 
West In which our myopic 
hero mistakes a car wash 
for a storm in the Rocky 
Mountains. Ends at 1225. 

' Radio 2 ) 

s. * 

720am. Sports Desks 124Bpm, 
10.02. Cricket Scoreboard 

4.00am Dave Bussey62D 

Stave Truelove (s) 720 Roger 
Royle says Good Morning 

Sunday (s) 925 Melodies for You 
with R^aj^Bakerts) 11.M 
Desmond Carrington with Radio & 
All-Time Greats (s) 220pm 
Smart Hall's Sunday Sport live from 
the Shell OHs British Grand Pnx 

at Brands Hatch. Plus 

equestrianism, cricketand 
cycling. 6.30 Charlie Chester with 
Sunday Soapbox 725 Gattiw 
Round the Aspidistra. Richard 

Your Hundred Best Tunes with 
Alan Keith 1025 Songs from toe 
Shows 1020 The GospeTTmth. 
The history of Gospel and 

(stereo from midnight) 120 em 
Jean Chains (s) 3.W-420 A Uttle 
Night Music (s) 

Radio 1 

Poetry: tha 

hero. Until I 


, v#s-' 

■ *-*" v ; 

Felicity Kendal and Richard Baker: on BBC2, 825pm 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end. 

News on toe half hour untt 
1120am. then 220pm, 320. 420. 

720. 920. 1220 mWnfoht 
6.00am Mark Page 8.00 Peter 
Powell 104)0 Mike Read 1220 
Jimmy Savile VOW Record 
Club (1982. 1976 and 1970)220 
Classic Concert featuring Stone 
The Crows 320 Radio 1 More 
Time. With Anne Nightingale. 

4JJ0 Chartbusters. Bruno Brookes 

with new records at toe Top 40s 
door 54)0 Top 40 (Bruno Brookes) 

Vincent (s) 1120-1220 The 
Rankin' Miss P. with Culture Rock 
(s). VHF Radios 1 & 2:- 420am 
As Radio 2. 2.00pm Benny Green 
(s). 34)0 Alan DeM with Sounds 
Easy (S). 420 Sing Something 
Simple (s). 54» As Radio 1 . 
1220-44)0am As Radio 2. 


6.00 Nawedesk 630 Jazz lor the Asking 

7.00 News 7.09 Twenty-Four Hours 7 JO 

From Our Own Correspondent 720 
Waveguide 8410 News 84)9 Refections 
*151710 Measure's VoursB JO News94» 
Review ol Brttlsti Press 9-15 Science in 
Action 945 Piano Rofl 104)0 News 104)1 
Sncxt Story 10.15 Classical Record Re- 
view 1120 News 1109 News About 
Britain 11.15 From Our Own Correspon- 
dent 1120 Ptay ot the Weak 1224 Country 
Style 14)0 News 1.09 Twamy-Four Hairs 
1J0 Sports Roundup 125 Tony Myzxt 
Request Show 24K) News 2J0 Mystenr of 
the Blue Train 34)0 Radio Newsreel 3.15 
Sportswodd 44)0 News 44)9 Commentary 
4.15 toner Place 645 Sports Roundup 
820 News 84)9 Twenty-Four Hours 820 
Sunday HaH Hour 920 News 9471 Short 
Story 9.15 'The Pleasure's Yours 104)0 
News 104)9 The Tune Maaisw 1025 
Book Choice 1020 Brands] Review 
1040 Refections 1045 Sports Roundup 
114)0 News 114)8 Commentary 11.15 
Letter From America 1120 A World m 
Edgeways 124# News 124# News About 
Britain 12-15 Radk) Newsreel 1228 
Retidous Service 14# News 14)1 Eccen- 
tric Travellers 125 Ped Piper 24# News 
2.09 Review of the British Press 2.15 
Peefiie's Choice 220 Science in Action 
34# News 34# News Aoout Britain 3.15 
Good Books 4 j» 5 Reflections 450 Wave- 
giade 520 News 54# Twamy-Four Hours 
5.45 Recording of the week. AH tines in 

Regional TV; on facing page . 

SATU RDAY JULY 12 1986 ******«. 


Fffst pabfisbed ta 1785 


The man who 

leads from 

his wheelchair 


Frank Williams was taken 
to Brands Hatch yesterdayfor 
his first visit to a motor race 
since the car accident last 
March thatleft him paralysed 
and confined to a wheelchair. 
He wanted to see for himself 
the performance of his team 
who. during his absence, have 
won four of this season's eight 
races. The first qualifying 
period for tomorrow's Shell 
Oils British Grand Prix was an 
ideal Opportunity- 
Wheeled to a vantage point 
behind the Goodyear 
motorhome which overlooked 
the bottom straight, and 
armed with a monitor display- 
ing the Longines electronic 
timing readout, he was given 
an hour of the best possible 
therapy as he watched Nelson 

By John Bhmsden 

that if the weather remains dry 
for the final qualifying today 
the circuit will be faster and 
Piquet's time will have to be 
improved upon by anyone 
aiming for pole position. 

"I certainly aim to be 
having a big go myself” 
Mansell said. "If only I can get 
a clear lap.” Meanwhile, if he 
remains third on the grid it 
may be a good omen because 
that was his position last 
October when he went on to 
score his first grand prix 
victory at Brands Hatch. 

Dumfries, whose JPS Lotus 

was ‘ quicker than Ayrton 
Senria’s car for a while, which 

Qualifying times 

Guide to leading 
contenders, page 28 

Piquet claiming the provision- 
al pole position for fastest 
qualifying time and Nigel 
Mansell making the third 
quickest time in the other 
Canon William s-Honda de- 
spite being badly balked by 
traffic and having to overtake 
three other cars on his quick- 
est lap. 

Williams was full of admira- 
tion for his team's overall 
achievement "In fact they 
seem to be doing even better 
without me.” he joked, “and 
Nigel's recent performances 
have been quite magnificent” 

At this stage in his convales- 
cence Williams is taking no 
executive decisions in the 
running of his team. “I am 
leaving that to a group of very 

PRIX: 1, N Piquet (Br) Canon 
WIIRams-Honda.'lmin 07.690sacr 2. 
G Berger (Austria) Beretton-BMW 
1:08.196; 3, N Mansefl (GB) Canon 
Widrams-Honda 1:08.818; 4 A 
Senna (Br) JPS Lotus-Renault, 
1:09-042; 5, k RosherajFtn) Marl- 
boro McLaren-TAG, 1:09.479; 6. A 
Prast (Fr) Marlboro McLaren-TAG, 

I. -09.779: 7. R Amoux (Frt Lkjier- 
Renautt. 1:09.971; 6, J Dumfries 
(GB) JPS Lotus-Renault, 1:10.304; 
9. M BnnxHe (GB) Data General 
Tyrren-Renault 1:11.432; 10. S 
Johansson (Swe) Ferrari, 1:11.500; 

II, M Alborato (TO Ferrari, 1:11.662; 
12 P Straff (Fr) Data General 
Tymeft-RenatiK. 1:11.682; 13, T Fabi 
fit) BenettorvBMW 1:11.819: 14, A 

Jones (Ausl Haas Lola-Ford 
1:12.060; 15, T Boutsen (Bel) Bar- 

able people but 1 try to go to 
the factory for a while each 

day Arrows- BMW, 1:12333; 16. D 
Warwick (GB) Olivetti Brabham- 
BMW. 1:12.403; 17. R Patrese (It) 
Olivetti Brabham-flMW, 1:12313; 
18, J Laffite (Fr) Ugler-fienautt, 
1:12.715; 19, A Naradnfm Minardi- 
Modemi, 1:12.848; 20. C Danner 
(WG) Barclay Arrows-BMW. 
1:13261; 21, P Tambay (Frt Haas 
Lola-Ford, 1:13.376; 22. A de 
Cesaris (It) Minardi-Moderni, 
1:14366; 23. J Palmer (GB) West 
Zakspeed, 1:14.678; 24, P Granzani 
(It) OseUa Atta-Romeo, 1:16.440; 25. 
A. Bern (Can) Osefla Aifa-Romeo, 
1:18319. H Rothen natter (Neth) 
finished 25th m his West Zakspeed 

gave him considerable encour- 
agement on a circuit which he 
knows welL “It is good to be 
"back on familiar ground,” he 
told me afterwards. “I felt we 
began to make some solid 
progress in France last week- 
end and we have been more or 
less on the pace from the start 
here at Brands Hatch.” Senna 
was far from content with his 
car, which was over-steering 
excessively and left him only 
fourth quickest in die provi- 
sional line-up. 

Aerodynamic changes be- 
neath the nose of his car and 
softer springs considerably 
benefited the handling and 
traction of Martin Brundle's 
Data General Tyrrell, which is 
ninth quickest, one place be- 
hind Dumfries. “‘The car defi- 
nitely felt better today,” 
BrancQe told me. “In fact. I 
think we've got it -just about 
right mechanically and any 
further improvement will al- 
most certainly come from 
more work on the aerodynam- 
ics. The trouble is, this all 
takes time.” 

Derek Warwick had a diffi- 
cult time with his Brabham- 
BMW, including a dutch 
problem, without which be 
should have improved a lot on 
his sixteenth place in the line- 
up while his team partner, 
Riccardo Patrese. elected to 
qualify one of last season's 
BT54 cars in preference to his 
tow-line 1986 model. i 

Pyrahis Goodwill 

for final 

From Jenny MacArtnur 

Wa tching the world catch op: Piquet the pace-setter. (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 



Stefan Johansson just man- 

aged to get into the top 10 with 
his Ferrari ahead of his col- 
league, Michele Alboreto, but 
both had to work hard to 
overcome the handling defi- 
ciencies of their undeniably 
powerful cars. Jacques Laffite, 
the veteran among contempo- 
rary drivers, had an eventful 
day without a great deal to 
show for iL In the preliminaiy 
practice his Ugier-Renauft 
caught fire and although he 

the factory for a while each 
afternoon. Yesterday I had 
some movement in my wrists 
for the first time, so I must 
continue to be patient Maybe 
in six months I will have some 
more movement below the 
shoulders and in the arms and 
then I can start to make a real 
nuisance of myself again.” 

Brands Hatch is a difficult 
circuit on which it is wise to 
build up to maximum perfor- 
mance in carefully controlled 
stages and yesterday it seemed 
to be more than usually 
slippery. Mansell is convinced 

but his time (1:17357) was annulled 
because of a breach of safety 


Again one of the best perfor- 
mances in qualifying came 
from Gerhard Berger, whose 
Benetton-BMW has split the 
two Williams and bolds sec- 
ond place on the grid. His was 
by far the fastest of the Pirelli- 
shod cars and if he can find 
race reliability it could give 
the fancied Goodyear-tyred 
cars a good ran for their 
money tomorrow. 

Another promising perfor- 
mance came from Johnny 





England name two 
new selectors 

By Da rid Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

From John Wiloeckson 

parked it by a fire point it was 
badly damaged before the 

badly damaged before the 
blaze could be extinguished. 

Using his spare car for qualify- 
ing, he was m collision with 
Keke Rosberg’s Marlboro 

Paddock HIB 




Brands Hatch 
76 laps of 2.6136 mfles 
Total 198.663 miles 
^Including parade lap > 

Hawthorn Bend 

/Graham Hffl 
L Bend 

Bend j 



Dingle Deli 
Comer _ 




Lap record: Jacques Laffite 
1m 11326s 131.566 mph 

Clark Curve 

The Team Haas Lola-Fords 
had mixed fortunes. Alan 
Jones had a trouble-free day 
and finished fourteenth in the 
list, but Patrick Tambay had 
to have an engine change after 
a water leak caused by a 
defective radiator cap, after 
which he had gearbox trouble 
during the reassembly process, 
which meant that he was left 
with only a quarter of an hour 
of qualifying time. 

“1 wasn’t sufficiently re- 
laxed to do my best, and 
anyway the engine wasn't as 
sharp as the earlier one.” he 







. For a week, the sprinters in 
the Tour de France have 
awaited an opening to display 
their skills to the world. 
Yesterday, on the Boulevard 
des Americains, Eddy Planc- 
kaert and Eric Vanderverden, 
the frustrated Belgian team 
mates finally fought out the 
duel they had awaited for 
almost 1,000 miles. 

They were given the open- 
ing by their Dutch team mates 
who were largely responsible 
for damping the many attacks 
that punctuated the final 40 
miles of the 127 mile eighth 
stage through Brittany. 

*Tve never known a stage of 
the Tour that fast," exclaimed 
Sean Yales, the British rider 
still sweating from staying 
with the pack on the hottest 
day of the week. Yates fin- 
ished near the back of the 1 84- 
strong group, from which 
Planckaert won the stage by 
the narrowest of margins from 
three other Belgians. Yates 
added: “The pace never let up 
all day”. 

The first move was started 
by Steve Bauer but after being 
caught after 35 miles, the 
Canadian again headed a 
breakaway group, but with as 
much success as the first 
attack. Curiously, Planckaert 

Des Sea brook, coach to 
England's B team last season, 
will step up as a full national 
selector next season along 
with Tony Jorden. They will 
join Michael Weston, chair- 
man of the selectors and 
Martin Green, the national 
coach, as the focal points of 
England's World Cup playing 
management committee and 
restore to four the selection 
panel which was made up last 
season of Weston. Green and 
Brian Ashton, the latter hav- 
ing been forced to retire 
because of business 

The new appointments were 
decided before yesterday's an- 
nual meeting in London of the 
Rugby Football Union, along 
with the decision to retain 
associate selectors, a system 
introduced last season. The 
associates next season will be 
Alan Brinn. of Gloucester, 
John Elliott and Alan Davies, 
his Nottingham colleague, 
who will also take charge of 
the B team. 

Tour results 


m^W NET* 

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% Minimum investment £4,000. 

Several of England's top 
coloured players have been 
banned from taking part in a 
fund-raising match in Jamai- 
ca. John Barnes, Brian Stein 
and Ricky Hill, who have all 
played for England, have been 
refused permission b; their 
dubs to gorest for a Jamaican 
all-star XI against Lima, the 
Permian champions. 

Graham Taylor, the Wat- 
ford manager, was alarmed to 
discover that Barnes, who was 
born in Jamaica, had flown to 
the West Indies without seek- 
ing clearance to play in 
tomorrow’s game, which is to 
raise funds for the Jamaican 
flood disaster. Lnton were also 
concerned to find Stein and 
Hill booked to play and con- 
tacted the Football Associa- 
tion for help. As all the players 
are under contract they would 
need permission from their 
chibs to take part 

EIGHTH STAGE; (St Hilaire to 
Nantes, 127 miles): 1. E Planckaert 
(Beta), 4 hr 39min 55sec 2. E 
Vanderverdeo (Beta); 3, J Lieckens 
(Belg); 4. C Bomans (Belg); 5, G 
Bontempi (h): 6. C Priam (Neth); 7, A 

In previous years Davies 
would also have taken respon- 
sibility for the under-23 team 
but the RFO has decided to do 
away with a representative 
team at that level. The general 
feeling, after some dozen years 
of under-23 competition, is 
that under-2 1 would be a more 
appropriate stepping-stone af- 
ter schools and colts rugby. 
Scotland have ran an under- 
21 team for the last decade 
and Wales are developing that 
area of their game. Moreover, 
under-2 1 rugby is now being 

run at! county and dub level in 
an increasing number of areas 
in England. 

Seabrook, from Lancashire, 
might have occupied such a 
prominent fxwition before 
now but for tbe fact that his 
coaching career suffered at the 
time of David Lord’s project- 
ed professional circus m 1983. 
Seabrook coached the B and 
under-23 teams last season 
and gained considerable assis- 
tance at senior squad sessions. 
Jorden, the former England 
frill back, was made a national 
selector for the 1984-5 season, 
became an associate selector 
when the national panel was 
trimmed last season, and now 
returns at the higher leveL 

Davies, the newcomer, at 
this level occasioned consid- 
erable discussion in official 
circles as to the merits of a 
Welshman acting as an En- 
glish selector. He was bom in a 
mining family in Ynysybwl 
but moved to the Nottingham 
area when he was 1 1. going to 
school at Carilon-le-Wiltows. 
spending 10 years in the RAF 
and then resuming his educa- 
tion at Loughborough Univer- 
sity. He is now director of PE 
at Trent College, and has 
coached the Nottingham club 
for the last nine years. 

The annual meeting ac- 

Malcolm • Pyrah today 
hopes to move one step closer 
to the individual world cham- 
pionship title which narrowly 
eluded him at Dublin four 
years ago. Pyrah, second bn 
that occasion, is in fourth 
place, one point behind Nick 
Skelton on Raffles Apollo, and 
less than two points behind 

Michael Whitaker is m l 1th 
place; but, as all three riders 
know only too well the order 
can change dramatically after 
today's competition. Four 
years ago, Gary Mullins, of 
Ireland, moved from 14th 
place to fourth — a feat be will 
have in mind today as he is in 
10th place. At the end of 
today’s competition, which is 
a grand prix followed by a 
bigger puissance course, the 
top four riders qualify for 
tomorrow’s final in which 
they «*eh have, to ride each of 
tbe other four horses. 

It was this last round — only 
used at the .world champion- 
ships — which defeated Pyrah 
ai Dublin. A small slight man. 
he . had difficulty riding 
Fire,the big Westphalian geld- 
ing, belonging to the Norbert 
Koof, of West Germany, who 
eventually won the title. Not 
surprisingly, Pyrah dislikes 
this formula, and thinks the 
European method — which 
does not involve a. change of 
horses— is a more reliable way 
of finding a champion. He has 
a point: Koof has hardly 
featured on the international 
scene since winning the' title, 
whereas Paul Schockeniohle. 
the three-times winner of the 
European title, has remained 
consistently nl the top of the 

This year, with Koof unable 
to defendhis title because Fire 
is injured, and with 
Schockemohle out of tbe com- 
petition, it is the Americans, 
the new world champions, 
together with Pierre Durand, 
of France, tbe leader, who 
pose the biggest threat to the 
British. The most threatening 
of the Americans is Conrad 
Homfeld, on Abdullah, his 15- 
year-old Trakefanerstaflioa. 

Homfeld. who was a mem- 
ber of the team which won the 

S lid medal at the Los Angeles 
lympic Games (he also took 
the individual silver) has 
looked every bit as convincing 
as Skelton and Pyrah from the 
onset of these championships. 

The goodwill at tbe Good- 
will Games does not extend 
beyond the boundaries . of 
Moscow, which is a dosed dty 
to any other Soviet citizen for 
the duration of the Soviet 
Union - United States undtk 

sports event Plane and train 
jotxrneys to die capital arc 
forbidden to prorimaals, juat 
cars with out-of-town number, 
plates are turned back at the 
city limits. 

. The official reason is so that 
visitors can move around mi* . 
encumbered by crowds of do- 
mestic tourists. Hie mote 
likely reason, as one foreign 
journalist with a Russian Wife 
»yp)«inw» T is to prevent' pi®, 
nodal prostitutes and (tick- 
pockets leaving a bad 
impression on the opeiK 
walleted Americans. - 

The normally imperturbable 
Ed Moses had an uneasy time 
both before andafter his llltfci 
straight victory in the '400 
metres hurdles in 4T^4sec. 
Nervous in his first tmpmtatflt 
race for 18 months, he hdd Op 
the proceedings twice by naty- 
ing and retying his shoelaces. 
Then he false-started. 

He was upset at. his Press 

conference afterwards when* 

quote from HaraM Schmid, 
die last man to beat him, in 
1977* was aired to the effect 
that Moses ran against good 
opposition oaly when he was 
on top form, and that his ever- 
protectiveness of his winnfa^. 
streak was fcdd for.the sport * 

Moses reply 

Moses replied, with some 
justification, that he had won 
three World Cup gold medals 
and two Olympic titles to. go 
with four world records, hat 
then returned , testify to the 
question a few. minutes later to 
say: “It isjust ridiculous. They 
all knew I was going to be 
here, why didn'tthey come? It 
is my .prerogative. to choose 
when and where I want to 

As befits the world*? fastest 
sprinter at present. Bar John- 
son comes quickly to dm point. 
A Soviet Journalist asked what 
Johnson liked about coming to 
run in Moscow. Perhaps be- 
cause of his slight stammer; 
Johnson tends to blurt things 
out. la this case, itwas: like 
the track. I like the crowd. ! 
don’t like the food.” 

compettfionsk 1 , P Durand (Frt, 431 
fautts; 2, C HornteU (US). 439:3, N 
Skelton (GB), 5.88; 4, M Pyrah (G8L 

Skelton (GB). 5.88; 4. M Pyrah (G8L 
6.64; 5. G Greenough (Can), 9.73; 6. 
M Matz (US), 1032; 7, K BurdsaU 

(US). 11.46: 8. J Albansdn (Arg), 
13.83; 9. H Simon (Austt, 1650: 19, 

13.83; 9. H Simon (Aug 
G Muffins (Ire). 17.1 
Whitaker (GB), 18.67. 

Michael Matz, in sixth 
place, is as experienced as 
Homfeld, but his horse, Chel 
also German-bred, does not 
have as much scope as Abdul- 
lah. The same cannot be said 
for The Natural ridden by 

Gari Lewis, beaten by John- 
son and Chi<Q Imoh, of 
ria, in the 100 metres, was 
asked the same question dur- 
ing one of his stints in front of 
die cameras for WTBS at toe 
impressive opening ceremony. 
Lewis did not sound toojcouF. 
rindng as he rambled (mahout 
die coming together of nations ' 
in the pursuit of peace; 7 . 

He evidently remembered 

knowledged the immense con- .K^^rine Burdsall currently 
tribution to rugby made by Air « seventh position. The ifon- 

Commodore Bob Weighill 
the retiring RFU secretary. 
“His efficiency, diplomacy 
and care for players has been 
enormously appreciated” 
Brigadier Denis Shuttlewortb, 
the retiring president, said 

overian gelding, bought last 
year for SI million (£667,000) 
has jumped the courses so far 
here with almost disdainful 
ease. The pressure of the 
occasion may, however, get 
through to Miss BurdsaU, who 
is the least experienced of the 

Pressure is unlikely to affect 
Durand on Jappeloup. On 
Thursday, he went into the 
final round of the team com- 
petition knowing that only a 
clear round (he already had 
one in the First round) would 
stop the Canadians from mov- 
ing ahead of the French to take 
the team bronze medal — his 
fellow team members having 
had disappointing rounds. 
Durand did exactly what was 
required of him. If he does 
reach the final four, it will be 
interesting to see how the 
other riders cope with 
Jappeloup, who had a mind of 
his own, and is not above 
putting in an abrupt refusal , 
when the mood takes him. ! 

Styeda (Can); 8, F Castaing (Fr* 9, J 
Vandenbrande (Belg): 10. M Her- 
mans (Neth). all same time. Other 

Porta out of big game 

platings: 13. G Lomond (US); 14, D 
Phinney (US); 18. S Bauer (Can): 19, 
S Roche (Ire); 22, E McKenzie (N 2); 
24, M Eamey (fre): 45. P Andersen 
(Aush 60, R Millar (GB): 178. S Yates 
(GB); 181 . P Kimmage (be), all same 

OVERALL: 1. J Pedersen (Den). 
33hr 28m in 21sec; 2, J Van der 
Velde (Neth). at 8sec 3, Bontempi. 
27; 4, D Gatane (Fr). 44; 5, L Ftanon 
’ -r. 6. T Made (Fr), 56; 7. C 

(Fr), 45: 6, T Made (Fr), 56, 
Mottet (Fr). 59 8. E Boyer (Fr). 1:07; 
9, B ComlUet (Fr). 1:09sec: 10, J 

9, B ComlUet (Fr). 1:09sec: 10, J 
Pelier(Fr). 1:10. Other platings: 15. 
Roche 1:47; 21, Anderson 2:08: 23. 
Mitar 2:17; 29. Bauer 2:44; 35. 
Lemond 2:58: 70. Kimmage 4:26: 
88, Earley 5:30; 95, Yates 5:53. 



’A? b«< 13, "Of ft* to bid. f 7 S2 to 30 6 86 

Offer must close 1st August 1986- 
orat£3 million. Call 01-225 2877/8 
now for details arid a reservation number. 

Peters Associates Financial Services. 30 Ives Street 
London SW3 2ND. 

Please send me details of the Budding Society Bonus Bond 

Amoun’ 'C iPw*si !. 

L Ddiv of b*ih — — I 

T MJ-S6 | 

Lawrle McMenemy earned 
£166,078 in his first season as 
managing director of second 
division dob Sunder land, ac- 
cording to accounts issued 
yesterday. The former South- 
ampton manager was hailed as 
the “Messiah” when he re- 
turned to the North East a 
year ago hot Sunderland fin- 
ished in the worst position of 
their 308-year history, nar- 
rowly avoiding relegation. 

The accounts show that 
Snnderland lost £479,278 on 
the year ending May 31, 1986, 
bnt tint one director — 
McMenemy — was paid a 
basic £123 ,6 32. This was 
boosted by another £42,446 to 
make McMenemy probably 
the highest paid manager in 
tfre country. 

now broke clear on his own 47 
miles from Nantes and ground 
out a lead of more than a 
minute before the rest reacted. 

The final attack was led by 
Silvano Comini' the Italian, 
but soon the sprinters had 
been paced to the from and 
they fought out a thrilling 
uphill dash. It was the 
Panasonic team which pro- 
ved the strongest and it was 
expected that Vanderverdcn. 
who is leading the overall 
points competition, would 
score his first victory of the 
race. Bui he could not match 
the final effort from Planc- 
kaert. who seemed none the 
worse for his earlier attack. 

The overall race leader is 
still Joigen Pedersen, toe 
Dane aged 27. but he will be 
hard pressed to retain his 
yellow jersey in today’s vital 
3S-mile time trial against Lau- 
rent Fignon and Bernard 
Hinauh of France, the past 
Tour winners. Pedersen said: 
”J was twice toe time trial 
champion of Denmark as an 
amateur, but I have never 
fully extended myself in pro- 
fessional time trials. I think 
my chances are 50-50.” 

Sydney (Reuter) — Hugo 
Porta, Argentina's inspiration- 
al captain and stand-off half, 
has been ruled out of the 
second and final international 
against Australia today. 

Porta was forced to leave 
the field midway through the 
second half of the first interna- 
tional in Brisbane on Sunday 
with a recurrence of a leg 
injury which has troubled him 
on tour. 

Porta will be missed not 
only for his leadership and 
skill, but also his point-scoring 
ability from conversions and 
drop-goals. His position will 

be filled by Rafael Madero. 
who will also assume the 

Argentina have made three 
changes to toe pack who 
playal in the first internation- 
al which Australia won 39-19. 
Fernando Morel the prop, 
Ernesto Ure. toe lock and 
Tomas Petersen, the flank 
forward, are replaced by 
Serafin Dengra, Gustavo Mi- 
lano and Alejandro Schiavo, 
who will be making his inter- 
national debut. 

Australia won in Brisbane 

despite allowing the touring 
team to fight back from a 30-5 
half-time deficit 

Spsrtakiad In 1979/ He ‘told 
The Times last yean. “Iia 
never going back there again. I 
wanted to go into a store to hoy 
some glass, but they wouldn’t 
even let ine In. I had tius fistM 
of roubles, and I.just walked 
down tbe street peeling thou 

off and throwing them away,” 
Evidently the alleged $25*000 
(about £16^00) that .be;. was, 
paid- by 'WTBS to commentate 
helped change his mind* 

Trouble with 




Gate receipts for Frank 
Bruno's world heavyweight 
title fight with Tim 
Witherspoon, toe WBA cham- 
pion, at Wembley Stadium 
next Saturday, have now 
topped £2 million, with more 
than a third of the 51,000 
tickers still to be sold. 

Takings have doubled tbe 
previous best for a single 
British event, the £1 m gleaned 
from Barry McGuigan’s world 
featherweight title challenge 
against Eusebio Pedrosa' at 
Loftus road last year. 

Macari’s move 

Celtic have confirmed they 
want Lou Macari, toe former 
Scottish international foot- 
baller, as toe assistant manag- 
er to David Hay. Macari who 
led Swindon to toe fourth 
division title last season, is 
expected to make his decision 
when he returns from holiday. 

Cutting down 

Moses; back again - 

Moses returns 

Coventry rugby dub, toM 
they must spend £30,000 to 
bring their ground within the 
new safety regulations follow- 
ing the Popplewefl report, 
have opted to reduce the 
capacity from 1 3J0Q to below 

Closure plea 

Rochdale Hornets* share- 
holders have asked the club's 
creditors for a 28-day stay of 
execution on a liquidation 
petition in the hope that 
sufficient funds can be found 
to stave off the threatened 

Ed Moses is returning to 
Britain for toe first time in six 
years to compete in toe Pearl 
Assurance invitation meeting 
at Alexander Stadium, Bir- 
mingham, on July 18-19. The 
American 400-metres hurdler 
is unbeaten since 1977 in 111 
successive races and though 
injury has ruled him out for 
almost two years, the double 
Olympic gold medallist re- 
cently returned to top compe- 
tition, winning at. the 
Goodwill Games in Moscow. 

Flying in 

Five Pakistan cricketers — v 
Javed Mian dad, . Ramee* 
Raja, Salim MaEk. Abdul 

The Dttle “Gold . Book” 
turned up a bit' of drosS 
following Sergei : Bubka's 
world record in toe pole vault 

The “GoM Book” is tiie fable 
which American joanafisb 
use to con rat from metres to 
feet and inches. Tbe Umted 
States is the only nation which 
persists in using .Imperial 
meas ure ment The trouMftitos 
that Bubka’s 6j01 metres cour 
verted to either 19ft 816iH JW 
19ft 8Y4in. The Los Aagete* 
Times reporter left it up to bis 
Office to decide. Tbe resfdt- 
next day - 19ft 846m. - 

- A more successful conver- 
sion rate was achieved by 
another journalist Who. retnni- s 
ing from jogging, was assailed . 
by a youngster who demanded 
to buy Ins battered nqp^g 
shoes. The.emtanassed'jbvb- 
aaiist finally agreed to-' sell 
another littie-nsed bat poorer 
quality pain : A Y 

The official exchange rate is 

one rouble to the potuHl'-aad 
even taking into accorat toe 
black market rate of toree.or.. 
four times toaf, toe journalist 
thought that , between 25 and = 
30 rouhks''W0«M’te.«jlhh:: 
pria-.. •• •• • .v-.V-y-',. 

Imagine Ms sou prise' wfatet ; 
the Rssrianarabbed tire shoes 
and thrum I4D roobles infolds _ 
hand, saying that It wag . . 
that he had' on him. T he' 

journalist bought six magnify f 

cent Bohemian cm rfrae ~izfci£S’ 
es with the proceeds, 
had enough for blynis -and 





■ttff 1 there 
I Uffih 0 * i7 *nsr 

ho* \0 


S? results * 

caviar with Georgian efram^ 
S?ve Wgettatevem^Hfen^IL 

arrive in England today to ^ 

take part in a one-day match- ^ 

against India at Harrogate on . . Pof