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No 62,509 

India now set 

to pull squad 
out of Games 


• India became the first non-African 
nation to threaten to boycott the 
Commonwealth Games in Edinburgh 

*.P e Foreign Office is malring world- 
wide efforts to bolster Sir Geoffrey 
Howe s T»eace mission” to Pretoria 
later this month 

• The TUC general secretary, Mr 
Norman Willis and Mr Ron Todd plan 
to visit South Africa this week 

• There was only a limited response by 

black workers to a trade onion call for a 
“day of action” in protest against the 
detention of officials (Page 7) 

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India yesterday became the 
first non-African nation to 
threaten to boycott the 13th 
Commonwealth Games, 
which will be opened by 
Prince Philip in Edinburgh on 
July 24. Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the 
Indian Prime Minister, has 
ordered his country’s contin- 
gent to delay its departure 

The possibility that India 
will join the five African 
nations who have led the 
boycott will clearly be influ- 
enced by any change in the 
Government’s decision not to 
impose frill sanctions on 
South Africa. 

When Mrs Thatcher re- 
turned to London from Cana- 
da yesterday she found reports 
that many nations, including 
Australia, sympathized with 
the boycott, which has not 
weakened despite the Com- 
monwealth Games Federation 
banning athlete Zola Budd 
and swimmer Annette Cow- 
ley. both bom in South Africa, 
from representing England in 

India are waiting to see how 
many more of the 53 countries 
still expected to compete in 
Edinburgh will join the boy- 
cott. Their 125-member 
squad, their largest in the 56 
years of the Games, had been 
due to leave for Scotland 

By John Goodbody, Sports News Correspondent 

The United News of India spile the Iteration's decision 

news agency quoted official on Miss Budd and Miss 
sources as saying that India Cowley, 
will decide on participation He said that, apart from 
only after African nations protesting about the two wom- 
discuss a collective boycott of en. Nigeria had decided to 

the Games on Friday. 

five nations — Nigeria, 
Tanzania, Guyana, Uganda 
and Kenya — have so far said 
they will not be taking part in 
“The Friendly Games". Other 

boycott the Games because of 
Britain's refusal to impose full 
economic sanctions on South 

Athletes from Malawi and 
Botswana, who have already 

African nations like Botswa- arrived in Edinburgh, said 

when the village for competi- 

„„ tors was officially opened 

1 t ? yesterday that the exclusion of 
Leading article, letters 17 Iw0 athletes would not 

Cowley appeals 40 prevent the boycott from 
1 — spreading, 

na. Gambia, Lesotho, Malawi. In Australia, Mr John 
Sierra Leone, Swaziland, Brown, the Sports Minister. 
Zambia and Zimbabwe have said in an official statement 
yet to decide. that the boycott would not 

Bui India's readiness not to have occurred if Mrs Thatcher 
send a team to Edinburgh may had indicated she would con- 
influence other non-African sider increased action against 
nations, like the West Indian South Africa, 
islands, and could completely Meanwhile, the Common- 
ruin the most important wealth Games Council for 
multi-sports event in Britain England, which originally ac- 
since Edinburgh last staged cepted the eligibility of Miss 
the Games in 1970. Budd and Miss Cowley. de- 

Mr Abraham Ordia. secre- manded a copy of the 
tary-General of Nigeria’s Na- federation's report as a matter 
tionaJ Olympic Committee, of urgency, 
who also handles the country’s Mr Peter Heatly, federation 

participation in the quadren- chairman, said after the deci- 
mal Commonwealth Games, sion had been made that the 
said yesterday that he did not federation had removed every 

due to leave for Scotland think that his government obstacle preventing countries 
today. ‘ would change its mind, de- from competing. 

Tomorrow Diplomatic moves 
fmeaisiE^ -to bolster Howe 

c’est mot 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent 
A series of new diplomatic a three-hour Commons debate 
moves are being undertaken arranged by the opposition, 
by the British Government to In Whitehall yesterday it 

, i_. o;. ... . — • 

bolster Sir Geoffrey Howe’s was being said that the Prime 
peace mission in South Africa Minisier believed she was still 

and to quell growing demands 
for economic sanctions. 

As Government sources 
yesterday underlined the 

winning the argument over 
sanctions and had succeeded 
in scaling down demands at 
home and within the 

Prime Minister’s belief that Commonwealth. 

Miles Kington 
returns from a 
fortnight speaking 
his native tongue 
with some 
observations on 
French designer 

• There is £16,000 to 
be won today in The 
Times Portfolio Gold 
competition as there 
has been no winner 
of the daily prize for 
three days. 

• Portfolio list, page 
25; rules and how to 
play, information 
service, page 20. 

T 1 -mA wac racillfC Mr Norman Willis, the 
1 npOS results TUC general secretary, and 

Trroos examination results at Mr Ron Todd, chairman of ns 
cSSbridS University for international committee, are 
Natural Sciences Part la and planning to vi^t South Africa 
Modern and Medieval Lan- by the end of this week. They 
stages Part 1 are published hope to see umon leaders 
Also Oxford .here. , s ^ a ^ rei . 

We want to go to see, speak 
and listen, and then i come 
back to report Mr Willis said 
last night shortly before a 
briefing conference of dele- 

lhe Commonwealth will not 
break up over the crisis, it was 
disclosed that a senior Gov- 
ernment official is already in 
Pretoria preparing the way for 
the Foreign Secretary’s first 
visit next week. 

Mr Ewen Fetgusson, a Dep- 
uty Secretaiy at the Foreign 

last week to begin arranging 
talks with senior figures in the 
South African Government 
and with black leaders. 

Another senior official, Mr 
Derek Thomas, arrived in 
Japan yesterday to explain the 
Government's attitude to 
sanctions against South Afri- 
ca. He had travelled from 
Australia after performing a 
similar role there. 

Sir Geoffrey is expected to 
visit Washington towards the 
end of the week to have talks 
with Mr George Shultz, the 
American Secretary of State, 
about South Africa. 

The Government’s difficul- 
ties over the issue are expected 
to be highlighted tomorrow in 

The message was that the 




VW V- 

\JPP — 



Government is pinning its 
hopes on the peace mission 
achieving progress, but that if 
it foils the Prime Minister may 
reluctantly go along with some 
of the selective measures 
which the European Council 
meeting agreed should be held 
in reserve. 

Fact-finding visit this 
week by TUC leaders 


helm for 

By Peter Davenport 

In a ceremony that owed 
more to show business than 
the world of politics, Mr 
Richard Branson, the head of 
the £300 million Virgin airline 
and record group, was yester- 
day confirmed as the Gov- 
ernment's new figurehead in a 
drive to dean up the environ- 
ment and create jobs. 

Mr Branson, who has hard- 
ly been off the front pages this 
year with his transatlantic 
voyaging and the drug prob- 
lems of Boy George, the pop 

singer, is now u> be chairman 
of the organization called UK 

He was not, he insisted, a 
Minister for Rubbish, hot 
rather the driving force of a 
committee of indiridnab and 
national volantary agencies 
who are to work together for 
the first time to help create 
employment. He has accepted 
the post initially for a year. 

The Government will give 
£750,000 for the first year’s 
administrative costs. 

It was also announced yes- 
terday that the Department of 
Employment is making avail- 
able 5,000 places, worth 
£22 million, through the Man- 
power Services Commission’s 
Community Programme, to be 
filled in the next 12 months 
from ideas generated by LTC 
2000. This is not new money 

Condoned on page 20, col 4 

■ a,.-' " f ■ • 

Mr Richard Branson gets to work yesterday on the UK 2000 
scheme for the jobless (Photograph: Stuart Nicol) 

' Dublin’s 

fury over 

By Richard Ford 

The Irish Republic has 
complained to Britain about 
the handling of parades in 
nationalist areas of the North 
and the attacks on Roman 
Catholic homes daring tire 
annual Orange celebrations 
which ended list night 
Officials in Dublin were 
infuriated by the 
“compromise” decision to al- 
low eight Orange lodges to 
parade along a road fronted by 
Roman Catholic housing es- 
tates in Fortadown after being 
banned from entering another 
nationalist area of the Co 
Armagh town. 

ft is understood several 
officials in Dublin felt they 
had been betrayed by the 
British Government who had 
been privately suggesting that 
loyalist marches would not 
months. through two ovenrheim- 


Eight guards die 
in Madrid blast 

From Richard Wigg, Madrid 

Eight young trainee Spanish 
Civil Guards died yesterday 
when a remote-controlled car 
bomb blasted their bus in a 
central Madrid square. 

The military wing of Eta, 
the armed Basque separatist 
organization, was immediate- 
ly blamed for the outrage. Eta 
blew up ano»ber*«us belonging 
to. Spain's paramilitary pol ^e 
on April 25. ailing five of the 
occupants as it passed a 
maternity hospital here. 

Almost 50 police and civil- 
ians were injured yesterday. 
10 of them seriously. Among 
injured rivilians were passers- 
by and people waiting at a bus 

Police estimated that more 
than lOOlbs of explosives, 
mixed in Eta-style with heavy 
nuts and bolts, was in the 
small van used by the 

Evidently set up well before- 
hand — awaiting remote-con- 
trolled detonation when 
judged most appropriate — the 
attack was widely believed to 
be Eta's swift reply to the 
deportation by France on 
Sunday to Gabon of Domingo 
Iturbe, nicknamed “Txomin”, 
the 42-year-old Basque regard- 

Oil slide 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 
The pound and share prices 
plunged yesterday as North 
Sea oil prices dropped to their 
lowest yet below $9 a barrel. 

The pound fell 2.32 cents to 
51.4830, and five pfennigs to 
DM3.2363 against the mark. 
The sterling index lost 1.2 
points to a tour-month low of 
73.4.The Financial Times 30- 
share index fell 27.4 points to 
1 .309.9. Shares were hit by the 
pound's fall and a weak Wall 
Street, and an estimated £4.4 

ed by Spanish police as the 
terrorists' leading figure. 

About 60 Civil Guards, who 
had just left Ibeir barracks, 
were in the bus and being 
taken for driving practice 
outside the city. A second bus 
was following with a similar 
number of guardsmen, but 
this was not hit . 

The explosion destroyed six 
parked cars and smashed win- 
dows in many of the six-storey 
fl 2 t blocks around the middle 
class residential square, where 
several traffic lights make it an 
ideally dangerous place for car 
bomb attacks. 

Suspicion fell on the so- 
called “Spain Commando” of 
Eta, hiding somewhere in the 
capital, which the police have 
failed to track down and 
which is believed responsible 
for 20 deaths in the past 12 - 

mon »hc pass through two overvrbelm- 

• ... . incly Roman Catholic areas of 

In addition to the April car tiie town. 

bomb attack, it is held respon- lrish Government has 

sible for the assassination here 
four days before last month’s 
general election of two ex- 
treme right-wing Spanish 
Army officers. 

A relay station of Spain’s 

Continued on page 20, col 2 

made its deep concern known 
to the British through the 
secretariat which services the 
joint Anglo-Irish ministerial 
conference. Yet last night Mr 
Tom King, the Secretary of 
Continued on page 20, col 7 

MPs attack costly 
defence delays 

By Richard Evans, Political Correspondent 

gates from the TUCs 89j billion was wiped off stock 

affiliated unions. 

He told them the TUC had 

market values. 

The pound’s slide has re- 

guages Part I are publishwl 
lodav. Also Oxford Class Lists 
and degrees awarded b y M 

Andrews University Page** 

System down 

The l)S semi-conductor in- 
dustry is still in recession. 
How long before itt worst 
effects are frit in the OK- 
Computer Horizons, 26-za 

received news that four South moved hopes of lower interest 
African union leaders, includ- rates in Britain. Government 
ing the president of the Con- stocks fell by up to £2 because 
gress of South African Trade of this. 

Unions, Mr Elijah Baray, had The oil companies were 

been released by police. 

The TUC, which claims to 

The oil companies were 
cautious about the prospect of 
lower petrol prices, however, 

have the most up-to-date in- saying that the pound’s weak- 
formation on detainees, has ness would ofTset much of the 
the names of 190 people who &H in crude costs, 
are under arrest. Sterling slides, page 21 

The Commons Public Ac- 
counts Committee yesterday 
criticized the unforeseen de- 
lays and cost increases run- 
ning into millions of pounds 
which blight Ministry of De- 
fence equipment projects. 

In one case, involving a 
radar-assisted gunneTy direc- 
tion system, development 
costs have risen by more than 
1 00 per cent above the original 

The MPs examined four 
main defence projects, each 
costing more than £200 mil- 
lion, involving Sky Shadow, a 
radar jamming device. Fox- 
hunter, an air-to-air radar 
system. Rapier Field Stan- 
dard, a surface-to-air missile, 
and the Battlefield Artillery 
Target Engagement System 
(Bates), the gunnery device, 
and discovered there had been 
delays in completing work in 
every case, and substantial 
cost increases in all except Sky 

“In the light of the some- 
times very considerable cost 
increases that have arisen we 
are concerned that, in the past, 
some projects may have been 
included in the equipment 
programme on the basis of an 
unrealistically low estimate,” 
the report says. 

The MPs add: “We remain 
concerned at the further de- 
lays and cost increases which 
have occurred on the four 
projects we considered, and 
on others. 

“We therefore emphasize 
the need for the MoD to be 
able to detect unreasonable 
expenditure and apply effec- 
tive sanctions where contrac- 
tors are responsible for cost 
increases, delays or other 

The MoD is introducing 
tighter contractual arrange- 
ments, aimed at eliminating 
large cost overruns. This was 
welcomed by the committee. 

Publish rules on politics, BBC urged 

By Philip Webster, Chief Political Correspondent aa i ii 

xv n*vid Steel and Dr wanted aboot the BBCsmeth- Steel and Dr Owen said: u We for the BBC, said that it tos tolll UOI(l“UP 
David Owen last night called ods for ensnring impartiality find h deplorable that the BBC hs firm riew that BOjmUnd- Brussels (Reuter) - Belgian 

The latest in office auroma- 0B the bbC t0 pab&sh the 
lion has just been evaluated procedures it employs aimed 
over four years by the Depart- af epsn ring fan treatmeiit ^in 

ment of Trade and 
Special Report, pages 2SWi 

g tii 

H«N» H <7 

Overseas 7-1 2 Leaders 

ApM* 5 18.22 Letters J 

4 rts 19 Obitnar? « 

ass ^ 

Business 21-26 

18 Theatre*. rfc 39 
ig TV St Radio 39 
Coart ...» “ 

nn the BBC to publish the and fair treatment. __ _ 
nrocedures it employs aimed However, the BBC was 
fair treatment in unwiffing to make fuU disdo- 
S SI coverage between the snre of the mfonnatiom and 
^fr^lSrtiS the Alliance bad agreed to 

’’^rdSTcan.e after the nndertake not to p»« it on. If 
iin^re dating te* a the case had emtmoed it 
.SvictoThad withdrawn woald have bam prat as 
ftSTite Hfeh Court battle evidence and made public m 

the BBC In which it had the normal wa>- . 
with toe *“ - „*■ ti»*» Alliance is Durstunc its 

14-16 1 Wills _ 
awf ***** 

to the other political parties.- 
The Alliance stopped its 
action yesterday after stating 
that as a result of bjinging the 
proceedings it had obtained 
most of the information it 

own monitoring exercise of 
BBC news broadcasts to see 
whether its spokesmen get a 
fair bearing- . 

In a statement last night Mr 

Is not prepared to make avaii- 
abie in public information 
which would hare come out 
anyhow in court if the proceed- 
ings had continued. 

"We hope that the Board of 
Governors when they meet 
collectively win decide that 
fuD rather than partial disclo- 
sure is not only in the interests 
of the BBC but also of the 
wider public." 

In court Mr Anthony Les- 
ter, QC, for the Alliance, said 
that h had not suggested it was 
entitled to a quota of air time. 
All it required was fairness. 

Mr George Newman, QG, 

for the BBC, said that it was 
hs firm view that no individ- 
uals or organizations had enti- 
tlement to broadcast their 

It had been said that the 
BBC had a duty in law to 
consider complaints from the 
pnblic and was trader an 
obligation to deliver informa- 
tion to the pnblic at large. Both 
arguments were misconceived. 

Both sides paid their own 
legal costs. 

The BBC said later it would 
publish a pamphlet detailing 
its editorial processes in news 
and current affairs, which 
would be available to the 
public on request. 

Brussels (Reuter) - Belgian 
police have arrested a French- 
man in connection with an 88 
million French franc (£8 mil- 
lion) hold-up at 2 branch of 
the Banque de France, the 
public prosecutor's office said- 

A spokesman said the man 
had deposited 5.8 million 
francs in a Brussels bank and 
there were strong suspicions it 
was pan of the haul snatched 
in the raid at St Nazaire on 
July 3. 

A group self-styled the 
"Tightrope Walking Gun- 
men” last week claimed re- 
sponsibility for the robbery. 

Kre mlin invites 
Thatcher to 

visit Moscow 

By Rodney Cowton 

On the first full day of his 
visit to Britain, Mr Eduard 
Shevardnadze, the Soviet For- 
eign Minister, formally in- 
vited Mrs Margaret Thatcher 
to visit Moscow. The invita- 
tion was said to have been 
“warmly received” and dates 
will now be discussed. 

It will be the Prime 
Minister's first full-scale offi- 
cial visit to the Soviet Union. 
She was there last year and in 
1984 for the funerals of 
Konstantin Chernenko and 
Yuri Andropov, and had talk 
with Soviet leaden on both 

Yesterday British ministers 
outlined to Mr Shevardnadze 
new proposals they will for- 
mally table today for over- 
coming difficulties in nego- 
tiations on a ban on chemical 

The proposals aim to bridge 
a gap between the negotiating 
positions of the Soviet Union 
and the United States on 
procedures for verifying com- 
pliance with an agreement 
They will be pul forward at the 
Conference on Disarmament' 
in Geneva by Mr Timothy 
Renton. Minister of State at 
the Foreign Office. 

Mr Shevardnadze was told 
of the proposals because it 
might have appeared discour- 
teous if in hours of conversa- 
tions before they were tabled 
the ministers had not referred 
10 them. British sources said 
he had shown “considerable 
interest” in them. 

The conversations were de- 
scribed as “very relaxed, con- 
structive and detailed". Mr 
Shevardnadze was described 
as “highly competent, very 
confident and pleasant to talk 
to". The day's activities were 
said to have shown that 
Anglo-Soviet relations were 
now “fully operational" after 
.the setbacks of last year when 

each side expelled the other's 


Mr Shevardnadze brought 
with him a personal message 
for Mrs Thatcher from Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov, the Sovi- 
et leader. Sir Geoffrey Howe, 
tite Foreign Secretary, accept- 
ed a long-standing invitation 
to visit the Soviet Union some 
time next year, and Mr 
Shevardnadze indicated that 
his country would be prepared 
to take part in a weekend 
conference on industrial and 
economic matters in Britain. 

Both sides emphasized the 
importance of maintaining 
regular contacts 

Chemical weapons were the 
only aspect of arms control 
that came up in about three 
hours of talks at Sir Geoffrey's 
official country residence at 
Cbevening in KenL 

The working lunch that 
followed was said to have been 
dominated by a tete-a-tete 
between Mr Shevardnadze 
and Sir Geoffrey. Broader 
disarmament issues and pros- 
pects for a Soviet- American 
summit this year were saved 
for the afternoon when the 
two men joined Mrs Thatcher 
for talks at 10 Downing Street 
that ran well beyond the time 
allowed for them. 

The British side raised hu- 
man rights issues. South Afri- 
ca and the Middle East were 
also discussed. 

British sources said that 
after decades of negotiations 
between the two countries 
agreement had been virtually 
reached on sites for new 
British and Russian embassies 
and associated buildings in 
Moscow and London. 

The sources indicated that 
Britain might be ready to sign 
an agreement in September, 
though it was not certain 
whether the Soviet Union 
would be ready so soon. . 

Photograph, page 10 

Screw tightened 
on Militants 

Labour leaders agreed yes- 
terday to set up a new disci- 
plinary body to hear 
complaints against Militants 
and others facing charges of 
breaking party rules. 

The move follows the long 
hours of hearings which occu- 
pied the party’s ruling Nation- 
al Executive Committee 
earlier this year. 

The new body, to be called 
the National Constitutional 
Appeals Committee, was 
agreed by the party's organiza- 
tion committee. 

Now the proposal will go for 
almost certain approval by the 
executive committee at the 
end of this month and then 
before the party conference in 
Blackpool in September. 

It will have 11 members. 

made up of five elected by the 
unions, three by constituency 
parties, two by women’s sec- 
tions and one by the Socialist 
and Co-operative Societies. 

The members cannot be 
MPs, members of the execu- 
tive committee or employees 
of the party. They will be 
elected for three years on a 
rotating basis. 

Only charges against indi- 
vidual party members will be 
heard. Charges against organi- 
zations will still be heard by 
the executive committee. 

Party members were ap- 
palled by the amount of time 
and money spent on tbe 
Militant hearings. They also 
feel that yesterday's move will 
cool the political temperature 
in future hearings. 

? v * • 

I I* * . 1 : 





Ban put on Macreadie 
prejudged inquiry 
into ballot, court told 

The ban on Mr John 
Macreadie. a Miliiant sup- 
porter. taking up his post as 
general secretary of Britain's 
largest Civil Service union had 
“prejudged" the issue of ballot 
rigging the High Court was 
told vesierday. 

It gave the impression that 
he could not be trusted and 
that could only be of benefit to 
his right-wing political oppo- 
nents on the executive of the 
Civil and Public Servants 
Association. Mr Macreadie 
said in a sworn statement on 
the first day of his attempt to 
have the ban lifted. 

He claimed that the deci- 
sion. taken earlier this month, 
to order an investigation by 
the Electoral Reform Society 
and ban him meanwhile. 

'*' Y v ■' ; • • iSC 

Mr John Macreadie, who 
wants ban lifted 

could “seriously prejudice'* 
his standing and position in 
the union, and have “extreme- 
ly serious repercussions" for 
its members. 

When he beat his right-wing 
opponent by 121 votes, it was 
“a vote for me personally and 
the policies I stand for". Mr 
Macreadie said. The members 
expected him to apply those 
policies on the urgent matters 
now requiring his attention. 

M r Macreadie. aged 39. 
seeks injunctions to bar the 
executive from preventing or 
impeding him taking up of- 
fice. and to force it to with- 
draw its decision to hold an 

Mr David Eady. QC- for Mr 
Macreadie. told Mr Justice 
Vinelott that although it was 
accepted there should be a 
“fair and impartial" investiga- 
tion. that could not be done 
with the involvement of Mrs 
Marion Chambers, the 
CPSA's right-wing president. 

He had no objection to an 
investigation by the Electoral 
Reform Society and was will- 
ing to co-operatc fully if 
allowed to take up office 
meanwhile. Mr Eady said. But 
he regarded Mrs Chambers as 
being "in the heart of the 
political fray and therefore not 
as independent as required". 

The executive claims her 
involvement is purely admin- 
istrative as a link between 

branches and the Electoral 
Reform Society. 

If both sides can agree to 
have the hearing, expected to 
last three days, treated as the 
full trial, then Mr Macreadie 
will also be seeking a declara- 
tion that the decision was 
unlawful, invalid and in 
breach of his contract of 

Mrs Chambers. Miss Rate 
Losinska and Miss Doreen 
Purvis, vice-presidents, and 
the executive are defending 
the action. 

In a sworn statement Mrs 
Chambers said that they had 
imposed the ban to ensure the 
allegations were properly in- 
vestigated. If the investigation 
found no substance in them “I 
have no desire to prevent him 
taking up office, nor has the 
NEC." she said. 

.A general secretary, acting 
in the present circumstances, 
would be regarded as “a lame 
duck general secretary", she 
stated. It could be seen as 
detrimental to the interests of 
the union and its members. 

Mr Eady submitted: “The 
least controversial thing to do 
is to make the presumption 
that the election has been 
carried out properly, rather 
than make the presumption 
that there was something 
wrong when there has not 
been an investigation." The 
hearing continues today. 

The Observer: an apology 

On Saturday we published a 
report of an application by the 
Al-Fayeds for an injunction 
against The Observer. The 
report contained a number of 
inaccuracies: (a) the applica- 
tion was against The Observer 
and not Lonrho: c b) the appli- 
cation failed and The Observer 
was awarded its costs: (cl Mr 
Justice Mann did not find that 

The Observer had carried out 
an irresponsible campaign 
against the Al-Fayeds or that 
Lonrho or Mr Tiny Rowland 
had exerted any improper 
influence over The Observer. 
(d) the undertakings which the 
court accepted from The Ob- 
server had voluntarily been 
offered prior to the hearing 

and were not insisted on by 
the judge: (e) the references to 
meetings in Brunei between 
Mrs Thatcher. Mr Mark 
Thatcher and the Sultan of 
Brunei appeared in only two 
of the 18 articles. 

We apologise to The Observ- 
er for these inaccuracies and 
have agreed to pay its costs. 

The police in Rasharkin, Co .Antrim, yesterday, investigating one of the vehicles damaged in the loyalists' rampage; 

Loyalists’ midnight attack on village 

By Richard Ford 

It was all over in a matter of 
minutes. With military-like 
precision a gang of 60 
“loyalists" rampaged through 
a predominately Roman Cath- 
olic housing estate attacking 
homes and cars with bricks 
and sticks. 

Dressed in paramfiit ary 
uniforms, their faces covered 
with scarves and balaclavas, 
they were armed with cudgels, 
sticks, hatchets and pickaxe 
handles aimed to cause maxi- 
mum damage and prevent any 
danger of retaliation. 

It was unlikely any would 

have been offered. The people 
denounced by Mr Tom King, 
Secretary of State for North- 
ern Ireland, as “thugs and 
hooligans", launched their at- 
tack shortly before midnight 
on Sunday when most of the 
residents of Bamford estate in 
the village of Rasharkin, Co 
Antrim, were asleep. 

When they harried from the 
village in the heartland of the 
Rev Ian Paisley’s overwhelm- 
ingly Protestant constituency 
the mob left behind a stunned 
Roman Catholic community. 

Although it is io a loyalist 
area. Rasharkin has less of the 
red, white and blue banting 

than villages near by where 
onion jacks flutter from virtu- 
ally every home. 

But there had been a tradi- 
tional bonfire' heralding the 
July 12 Qrange parades. 

The celebrations turned Into 
violent dashes between rival 
loyalist and nationalist gangs. 

Yesterday, Bamford estate 
resounded to the noise of 
workmen's saws and hammer- 
ing as wood was cut and nailed 
over die broken windows - 
The road was strewn with 
shattered glass from windows 
of five can damaged by the 
gang as they launched their 

They smashed all the win- 
dows in Mr James Crawford’s 
Rover 23 car and when be 
opened his bedroom- window 
bricks were hurled at -him. 

The Roman Catholics sus- 
pect that those involved in the 
attack were not from the town 
bat are fearful that loyalists in 
Rasharkin gave the mob infor- 
mation about their homtis. 

Mr Paisley, who four days 
ago appeared at a rally with 
3,000 loyalists, some of them 
dressed in paramilitary-style 
uniforms and carrying cud- 
gels, was unavailable for 

Swan men reject offer 

The 2.500 skilled workforce 
at the Swan Hunter shipyard 
on the Tyne rejected a pay and 
conditions deal yesterday. It is 
believed the next steps could 
be an overtime ban and 
ballots on strike action. 

The decision means that the 

craftsmen, the biggest section 
of the 4.500 workforce, stand 
alone. Management, supervi- 
sory, technical and clerical 
staff have all accepted offers. 

Strike action could damage 
prospects -of winning a vital 
order for a Type 23 frigate 

Rate rebels face 
‘humbug’ question 

The Liverpool city council- 
lors who rebelled on rates had 
rightly been banned from 
office if they were guilty of - 
“humbug" a'Court of Appeal - 
judge said yesterday. 

“If they didn’t genuinely 
believe they were acting law- 
fully in deferring fixing the 
rate, their excuses were all 
humbug and that's the end of 
the matter," Lord Justice Law- 
ton told Mr Louis Biom- 
Cooper, QC, counsel for the 
47 Labour councillors: 

The councillors are -asking 
the court to ‘set aside a 
£106,103 ;surchaige imposed 
on them by the District Audi- 
tor. and to lift orders disquali- 
fying them from holding office 
for five years. - - 

During* - legal argument, 
Lord Justice Lawton said:' 
“There is evidence here that 
the object of the councillors' 

exercise was to frighten central 
Government into . thinking 
Liverpool was going to . go 
bust Central Government 
could nor attow~ihat~and so 
would hand out". 

The judge asked: “Was it 
•humbug or not? If it was not, 
what is everyone complaining 
about? If it was humbug, they 
ought to be out of office, it’s as 
simple as that". 

He said: “Confession is very 
good for the souL I'd like to 
think that in June (when a rate 
was -finally set 'lari year) die 
councillors. - were; 'confessing 
their political- mistakes inf 
March 7, when they said it was 
impossible to fix a rate be- 
cause of the finandal satui- 
tiqit. But were they?". • 

Tlie- bearing, : befbre- Lord 
Justice Lawton, Lord Justice 
Dillon and Lord Justice 
Woolf continues today. 

Shock number one: a Nefax can rocket your words and 
pictures around the world, or around the comer, in as 
little as 12 seconds. 

Shock number two: you probably have several important 
competitors with a Nefax already installed. 

Shock number three: the next post isn’t for five hours. 


urged on 

Mr John Stalker, deputy 
chief constable of Greater 
Manchester who is under sus- 
pension, should return to work 
next month unless die inquiry 
into bis conduct is completed 
soon, Manchester City 
Council's police monitoring 
committee said yesterday. 

Mr Colin Sampson, Chief 
Constable of West Yorkshire, 
should produce his report on 
the disciplinary investigation 
by the start of August If he 
does not, the police authority 
should return Mr Stalker to 
dot}' by Augnst 4, the Labour- 
controlled committee said . 

The authority, which for- 
mally suspended Mr Stalker 
in an attempt to speed the 
inquiry into allegations that he 
associated with criminals, 
meets on Friday. 

_ Mr Tony McCardeH, a po-’ 
Ike authority member and 
committee ' chairman, said 
most elected members of the 
authority were convinced there 
was a connection between the 
allegations into Mr Stalker 
and his findings as head of the 
inquiry into the policies on 
terrorism of the Royal Ulster 

Law group 
in protest 
to Havers 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Justice, the all-party law 
reform group, is to lodge- a 
protest with Sir Michael ; Ha- 
vers, QC, the Attorney Gener- 
al. over the apparent failure of 
his guidelines which require 
the prosecution to disclose its 
evidence to the defence. 

The prosecution's failure to 
abide by the guidelines had 
been disclosed in three cases 
referred to the group. 

Mr Peter Ashman, legal 
officer for Justice, said yester- 
day: “Under the Attorney 
General's guidelines, all infor- 
mation should as a general 
rule be disclosed to the de- 
fence except that which is 
particularly seostitive. which 
may be disclosed on a counsel- 
to-counsel basis or. very ex- 
ceptionally. not at ail.” 

As a result' of information, 
being withheld, the people in 
the three cases spent months 
wrongly in prison, be said. 

If the withheld information 
had not come to light “quite 
by chance”, he added, there 
would have been no means of 
knowing that it existed. 

to review 
of recorder 

By Fiances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The Lord Chancellor has u 
agreed to review the case erf- 2 
Mr Manus Nunan, QC. a. -, 
recorder, who was dismissed' - 
without explanation in De>' ... 
cember 1984 after representor ' 
lions from the Bar Council.; .. 
. . -The- derision of Lord ~ 
Hai lsham of St Marylebone to~ 
grant the Bar’s request was ™ 
announced in a parliamentary.- 
answer yesterday by Sir Mr- •;* 
chael Havers. QC. the Attor- - 
ney General 

With the Lord Chancellor's' r 
approval, Mr Nunan is also to ■’ 
visit the senior presiding’ . 
judge. Lord Justice Watkins.' 
at. the latter's invitation “in - 
order that the situation may ' 
be further explained". “ — 

Such an announcement in" 
connection with derisions on 
judicial office is rare. 

The Bar. loo, has been 
particularly concerned about 
the lack of openness in the 

Mr Nunan, who has threat- 
ened to take the Lord Chancel- 2 
lor- to court to seek a judicial ■; 
review of his dismissal was" 
dismissed as a recorder on the - 
North Eastern circuit. 

In reply to a parliamentary / 
question from Mr .Simon. 
Hughes. Liberal MP for-; 
Southwark and Bermondsey *i 
yesterday, the Attorney Gen- ; 
eral said Mr Nunan had been 
warned in advance of “defects . 
in his judicial performance. - : 
which had been reported to 
the Lord Chancellor's office.*- 

Remand in 
kidnap charge 

A man and a girt, aged 17,’- 
were remanded in custody for 
eight days at Thames' 
Magistrates’ Court, easLLoO'-. 
don, yesterday, charged under?* 
the Sexual Offences' Act with - 
kidnapping a woman on or' 
before;July.ll. - - 

Desmond Williams, aged 
30, of Beeches Avenue. Nor- 
folk Park. Sheffield, was alscr 
charged with living off immor- 
al earnings. The girt, Sheree 
Roberts, of Maltiavers Place, 
Wy bourne, is also from 

Inquest opens , 
on gun couple 

An inquest on a forma- .and?! - 
his wife whose bodies were - 
found with gunshot wounds 
was xa petted and -adjourned by-: 
the 'district coroner at Diss,'-' 
Norfolk, - yesterday. The bo4r~ 
iesotMrs Augusta BelL aged" 
22. of Grove Cottages, Upper 
Billingford, Norfolk, and her ; 
estranged husband, Mr Jamies^ 
Bell aged 50, of CoggeshaU, : 
Essex, were identified by Mrs 
Bell's stepfather. . 

Brothel charge 

Cynthia Payne, aged 53, of; 
Ambleside . Avenue, 7 *. 
Streatham, appeared at Cain -, 
berwell Green Magistrates’ 7 
Court, south London, yestefr". 
day on charges of keeping .a * 
brothel and controlling prosti-; 
tutes and was. remanded anr 
unconditional bail unlit 

Sight regained 

Doctors are conducting 
tests to' find out why Mr 
Hadyn Thomas, aged 60, of 
Coxley Wick, Somerset, who 
was blinded by paint iii 1950. 
suddenly regained his sight' 
two months ago. 

Biffen hit 

Mr John Biffen, Lord Privy 
Seal and L eade r of the House* 
of Commons, was struck by an - 
envelope hurled fronr the. 
Strangws Gallery in the House- 
yesterday. Officials said lateral 
woman had been stopped. r ; 





I Can a d a *3-75; Canaries Pcs 200: 

3SC Mnwoo nr moo: Norway Kr 
9.0tt Pakistan Rpa iia PanogaT Esc 


*1.75: Yugoslavia Din 400. 

Newcastle by-election 

Glenys Kinnock challenged 






By Nicholas Wood, Political Reporter 



T 15/7 


Send to: Fax Sales, NEC Business Systems (Europe) Limited, 
35 Oval Road, London nwi 7EA Telephone: 01-267 7000. 

m tax 

•uni vjiirrNwu 

Nothing can outfax a Nefax. 


Mrs Glenys Kinnock. the 
wife of the Labour Party 
leader, was challenged yester- 
day to endorse the Liberal 
candidate in the Newcastle- 
under-Lyme by-election be- 
cause of their mutual support 
for the Campaign for Nuclear 

The gauntlet was thrown 
down by Mr Jim Nock, the 
Conservative candidate, who 
is fighting hard to hold on to 
second place in the North 
Staffordshire constituency. 

As Mrs Kinnock arrived to 
campaign for Mrs Llin Gol- 
ding. Mr Nock said: “Surely if 
She is true to her conscience 
She will endorse the only 
candidate in the field who is. 
with her. a supporter of 

Mrs Kinnock said that Mr 
Nock was talking ''absolute 

She said: "1 am a member of 
CND. but obviously not ev- 
erybody in the Labour Party 
has io be a member of CND — 

the Labour Party is not affili- 
ated to CND — and there are 
differences of views over what 
needs to be done. 

“We are all working for 
peace because we see that as 
the most important issue." 

A slight difference of view 
emerged almost immediately 
as Mrs Golding, a right-winger 
and confirmed disciple of Mr 
Denis Healey on defence mat- 
ters. declared her support fora 
nuclear freeze. 

She said: “I believe in a 
nuclear freeze — absolutely, 
positively — and I am sure 
Glenys does as welL So we are 
both extremely concerned 
about the future of the world. 
We see it as being caring, 
thinking people and that's 
what we are in the Labour 

Mrs Kmnock said that a 
freeze of nudear weapons was 
part of Labour’s : policy of 
scrapping the independent 
nudear deterrent. . 

Mr Alan Thomas, a Liberal. 

was more conciliatory, refi 
ring to Mrs Kinnock as 
“very good worker for t 
peace movement". 

Earlier. Mr Nock b; 
sought to stall the Allian 
bandwagon by accusing it 
miming a dirty campaign. 

An Alliance leaflet said th 
if elected. Mrs Golding aj 
Mr John Golding, her hr 
band, who resigned the seat' 
become general secretary ■ 
the National Coramunic 
lions Union, would enjoy 
joint income of £50.d00 
year. • 

Mr Nock also admitted th 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher <1 
not command universal ad it 
ration on the doorsteps 

He said: “Obviously tl 
Prime Minister is n , 
everyone’s cup of tea. but n 
are you or L But verv mai 
peon e sav- l Th a «v. 




-a & tr 

Sloppy attitude’ of 
teachers to bright 
children is criticized 


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Teachers were accused yes* 
terday of having sloppy atti- 
tudes towards bright duldren 

an r P 01 slret ching them 
enbudi through a false sense 
or egalitarianism. 

Mr Christopher Patten, 
Minister of State for Educa- 
tion. and Science, said that 
often expected too 
htfle of their bright children, 
the top 10 per cent of the 
ability range. 

That meant they did not 
achieve their potential and 
there was evidence from 
school inspectors (HMIs) that 
they might be stretched less 
than average children. HMI 
reports show teaching directed, 

at the middle level of ability, 
leaving the best pupils coast- 
ing along, bored and 

“We have no business to 
deny an able child the same 
right to the development of his 
or her potential as we very 
properly accord to those chil- 
dren who are less than bright 
or who suffer from social or 
economic deprivation,” he 

. Mr Patten tokl a conference 
m Oxford on able children 
that the reason for such ne- 
glect lay partly in it being 
difficult to meet the needs of 
clever children. It also lay with 
a widespread reluctance to do 

- . ■ -^rC 

Unit to encourage 
Software projects 


kidna Pcha 1 j 


The new Microelectronics 
Education Support Unit is 
inviting local education au- 
thorities to bid for central 
funds tor projects to develop 
classroom software (Lucy 
Hodges writes): 

The unit is more centralized 
than the Microelectronics 
Education Programme which 
it replaces. 

It aims to achieve more 
consistency between schools in 
information technology. 

it has a smaller budget, £3 
million as against £5 million, 
and a narrower remit It will he 

a central information pome, 
and provide a service for 
training the trainers, as weD as 
commission carries inm 

It is not known how orach 
money will be available for the 
software development. Bat £1 
million was mentioned yester- 
day by the Department of 
Education and Science. 

i ‘set up 

Two Scotland Yard Flying 
Squad detectives “set up” an 
armed robbery, Jt“was alleged 
at the Central CrinwaT-Coun 

Announcing the scheme u 
Birmingham yesterday, Mr 
Christopher Patten, Minister 
of State for Education and 
Science, said: “This initiative 
comes at a time when Britain 
is being recognized world-wide 
for its achievements in ednea- 
tional technology.” 

A report this month from 
the Organization for Econom- 
ic Co-operation and Develop- 
ment said that Britain now had 
a world lead in computers in 
primary schools. 

The unit, which has been set 
op at Warwick University, will 
provide information to schools 
about hardware, software and 
what courses are available. 

It will produce material to 
help teachers use the new 

The aim Is that teacher 
tr aining in comparing win be 
developed through seminars, 
courses and die preparation of 
the software. 

so.“Our society is shot 
through with false 

It was not difficult to ex- 
plain such sloppy attitudes. 
Complaints about standards 
were usually about how bad 
the worn were, not about the 
shortcomings of the best. 

Able children were likely to 
be capable of making signifi- 
cant contributions to national 
well-being and prosperity so it 
made sense to develop their 

“In too many cases 
teachers’ expectations of what 
pupils can achieve are clouded 
by inadequate knowledge and 
understanding of their pupils' 
individual aptitudes and 

“In too many cases the 
teachers', and maybe the 
parents', judgement of a 
child's ability is a result of 
stereotyping, of their precon- 
ceptions of the abilities of 
what they regard, consciously 
or unconsciously, as particular 
categories of pupils. 

“1 fear that much stereotyp- 
ing and sloppy assessment is 
due to little more than the 
mental laziness of which we 
are all guilty from time to 

Proper assessment was 
needed to ensure that the right 
demands were being made of 
children. Otherwise, the clever 
boy or girl might become 
satisfied with second best and 
fail to learn that high stan- 
dards were possible. 

It was not enough for the 
local education authority and i 
the teachers to feel that able 
pupils were likely to do better. 

“The school is satisfied if 
they achieve more than 
others,” Mr Patten said/Tt 
does not ask whether that 
achievement is adequate in 
absolute terms, whether it 
properly reflects their 

Connery gift aids 
theatre revival 

By Gavin BeB, Arts Correspondent 


a uts 

SB.V-, ■ • 

f ■ ■■■■ ■ ■ 

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■ -i # . . . i 


Mr Roy Amlot, .for the 
prosecution* said that .the 
officers, after arranging for a 
mamwttb a criminal record- to 
organize agang to raid a dairy 
in .Ealing; west London, told 
him: “You’ve got to have a bit 
of faith m us, we've done this 
sort of thing before." 

‘The jury was told that 
Detective Sergeant Kenneth 
Day and Detective Constable 
Richard Chapman, both aged 
30, were filmed and recorded 
by a team from Granada 
Television’s World in Action 
programme as they arranged 
details of the proposed rob- 
bery with Cecil Lucas, a 
former security guard. The 
detectives, allegedly gave Lu- 
cas an imitation pistol and 
twostocking masks. 

The detectives, attached to 
Walthamstow robbery squad, 
have pleaded not guilty. to 
three charges of perverting 
justice in October and No- 
vember of 1984. 

Mr Amlot said that Mr 
Lucas had recently been re- 
leased from a four-year sen- 
tence for cannabis smuggling 
when the detectives arrested 
him at his home in Netting 
HOI, west London, and took 
him to a police station for 
questioning. He was ques- 
tioned about heroin trarnck- 
rog and Det Sgt -Day. was 
alleged to have forced him to 
sfgna false confession. 

Mr t-MC?* was told that the 
confession would be torn up if 
be agreed to stage a robbery at 
a ; Co-Op dairy. 

1 After consulting a solicitor, 
Mr Incas went to Granada 
TYand was fined with a secret 
tape recorder. 

: The trial continues today. 

The National Youth The- 
atre is planning to stage its 
most spectacular season this 
autumn, thanks largely to a 
handsome birthday present 
from the actor Sean Connery 
to celebrate its thirtieth 

The main event win be a 
revival of its dtebut production 
of Henry V at the Open- Air 
Theatre in Regent's Park, - 
central London, as part of a 
series of Shakespeare plays on 
the present GCE syllabus. 

A musical version of Mac- 
beth, the company’s first mu- 
sical, opens the season on 
August 19. New plays by 
young writers include one 
about a girl who dreams of 
playing soccer for Manchester 
United, and another about ■ 
militant feminists taking on a 
local rugby team. 

More than 550 young peo- 
ple from all over Britain will 
participate in the productions. 

The youth theatre, which 
has helped to launch actore 
such as Ben Kingsley, Helen 
Mirren and Michael York, 
faced financial difficulties at 
the start of the year. 

Added to Mr Connery's gift 
of £50,000 is a £15,000 spon- 
sorship deal arranged with a 
building society and a £10,000 
donation from a member of 
the youth theatre's council 

• The BBC is. reconsidering 
the recording of a Glynde- 
bourne opera, ... Simon 
Boceanegra, next month after 
a decision by Sir Peter Hall 
the artistic director, to with- 
draw objections about its 

Sir Peter said yesterday: “I 
made my stand for artistic 
reasons, but the chorus mem- 
bers and stage staff depend to 
a large extent on this income. I 
just fell I had to climb down.” 

• The D'Oyly Carte Opera 
Company, disbanded in 1982, 
is planning to appoint a 
general manager in the au- 
tumn with a view to resuming 
productions next year. 

Mr Martin Raddiffe, secre- 
tary of the trustees, said the 
revival was made possible by a 
substantial sum bequeathed 
last April by Dame Bridget 
D’Oyly Carte, the grand- 
daughter of the company's 

Public opinion sought 
on health services 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

The Government launched 
a nationwide programme of 
public consultations yesterday 
aimed at improving standards 
of primary health care. The 
plans would mean big changes 
for doctors, dentists, pharma- 
cists and community nurses. 

Ail the health services pro- 
vided by outside hospitals are 
to be reviewed in a series of 10 
open meetings being held by 
Mr Norman Fowler, Secretary 
of State for Social Services. 

Yesterday Mr Fowler and 
Mr Barney Hayhoe, the Min- 

ister of State for Health, and 
senior Government health of- 
ficers, met representatives of 
health authorities, community 
health councils and patients' 

The meetings follow the 
publication last April of a 
discussion document on pri- 
mary health care. 

The proposals include a 
“good practice" allowance, to 
provide better incentives for 
doctors who give higher stan- 
dards of care. 


i idfe 

World Hockey Cap. ^ 

Drug forfeits curb Herom ‘l^sotf Halifax 90 Dav Xtra 

‘The High Court put a cuih Wumfh care addiction of Boy George, the ^mwihwkm^i liOmOA U€M,J 

released by the Post Office 
fht\, commemorates the cen- 
i World Hockey Cup. 

fails to k 
holster | 
tourism I 

By Alan Hamilton I 
Although next week’s Royal I 
wedding is likely to be watched » 
by an estimated world-wide B 
television audience of 300 |B 
million from Puerto Rico to B 
Papua New Guinea, it so far ■ 
shows little sign of being a fB- 
huge tourist attraction at ■ 
home. B 

The London Visitor and U 
Convention Bureau re ports an M 
upturn in holiday bookings to |i| 
Britain after the Libyan and ra 
terrorist scans earlier in the W M 
year, but believes few tourists B 
are coming specifically for toe fp£ 
wedding. B 

The travel industry points H 
out that there was a similar |H 
lack of interest from abroad at B 
the wedding of toe Prince and o| 
Princess ®f Wales in 1981, B 
which, with high inflation and B 
a strong pound, was a poor fl 
year for tourism. B 

Elegant Days, a specialist H 
travel agency, has reported OH 
that it is having difficulty fl 
selling places at £100 a time to p 
view the procession. ■§ 

“We bad a number of ■ 

American bookings, bnt they B 
have almost all been B 
cancelled,” a spokesman said. H 
Tour operators believe that K 
the Government's refusal to H 
declare toe day a public ho/I- ■ 
day will depress attendances, Iff 
although many thousands are H 
still expected. B 

Two great secrets of tbe fl| 
wedding day remain: the de- 
sign of tbe bride's dress— Hi 
although fashion editors are 
guessing at an Edwardian f§|| 
creation — and the honey- ||| 
moon destination. &§ 

In toe hope that the latter g|| 
remains undiscovered, the 
charity organization Conran- ||j| 
nity Service Volunteers is jig 
running a competition in |£jfl 
which entrants have to guess 
tbe last port of call on the Wrj, 
honeymoon itinerary. 

The prize is a two- week * * 
holiday in the same location - 
well after the royal couple 
have left 

Judge cuts 
photo fine 
to £100 

A judge gave a solicitor's 
wife a belated £400 wedding 
present yestoday by reducing 
a fine he imposed on her for 
taking his photograph in 

Judge Malcolm Ward told 
Mrs Joan Maynard that on 
“matme reflection" he felt the 
£500 he fined her for contempt 
of corn! was too high. 

He added: “Because of your 
apology and the embarrass- , 
meat the case has caused your 
husband I mil reduce the fine 
to £100." 

Mrs Maynard, aged 39, of 
Leicester Street, Wolver- 
hampton, decided to use toe J 
last picture of a film of her | 
wedding on the judge at Wol- 
verhampton Crown Court. 

But her action led to her 
being detained in the cells for a 
short time, the film being 
exposed on the judge's order, 
and toe fine. 

He told her that she mast 
have known it was wrong to 
take photographs in court. 

Her husband, Mr Cecil 
Maynard, paid the fine in toll 
last week. 

Wife £10.000 
in debt says 
credit too easy 

A woman who owes 
£10,000 to finance and credit 
card companies told the Lon- 
don Bankruptcy Court yester- 
day that it was too easy to 
obtain credit 

Kathleen Hull aged 28, of 
Moselyn Mews, Harrow, 
north-west London, said she 
began borrowing in 1981 by 
forging her husband's 
signature. She estimated she 
owed £9,740 and had assets of 
£ 100 . 

She told the court that she 
would pay her debts in full. 
The public examination was 

BBC accused 
of Games bias 

A Conservative MP has 
complained to toe Director- 
General of tbe BBC about the 
“political bias” of Mir Ron 
Pickering, toe corporation's 
athletics commentator, and 
asked for him to be censured. 

Mr Andrew MacKay, MP 
for Berkshire, East, says that 
Mr Pickering has repeatedly 
attacked the Government ami 
the Prime Minister while ami- 

V c 

Good summer for 
tourists after 
terrorism scare 

By Derek Harris 


"Hi - **■'” . 

A drop of 19 per cent in 
North American visitors to 
Britain in April in the wake of 
terrorism scares cost about 
£15 million in lost spending, 
but there was some offset from 
growth in numbers of other 
visitors and in domestic tour- 

There are now strong signs 
that the North American mar- 
ket is recovering and that the 
downturn was temporary. 

That emerged yesterday 
when Mr Duncan Biuck, 
chairman of the English Tour- 
ist Board, said that recent 
research pointed to a good 
summer for English tourism. . 

In spite of problems, 1986 
was likely to turn out to be 
“another good and extremely 
satisfactory year for English 
tourism”. The first three 
months of toe year, before toe 
terrorist scares, had seen en- 
couraging growth. 

“I am confident that we can 
soon return to toe record 
levels achieved in 1985," he 

The board's annual report 
showed that last year, for the 
first time, tourists from Brit- 
ain and overseas spent 
£10 billion in England, a 

10 per cent increase on 1 984. . 
Overseas visitors spent 
£4,925 million and Britons’ 
£5,075 million. 

Mr John East, the board’s 
chief executive, said that the 
price war affecting overseas 
package holidays had led to a 
slight fell in pre-season book- 
ings in England. 

Bui he said: "The resorts 
should at least see the same 
level of trade as last year, and 
possibly better. At those estab- 
lishments where standards 
have been improved, it looks 
as if bookings are up." 

He said that tour operators 
offering bargain overseas holi- 
days could not accept 
squeezed profit margins for 
too lopg. 

In the last six months of 
1985. the board estimated that 
at least £748 million was in- 
vested in tourism and leisure 
developments, with 55 big 
projects completed and those 
under construction worth 
£61 3 million of in 

The projects ranged from 
holiday villages to refurbished 
guest houses, although there 
was a big emphasis on creati ng 
more self-catering 



British Museum is top 
attraction in London 

JV^ Sarah Ferguson leaving designer liiwll^ tkrach’s 
home after ber final wedding dress fitting yesterday. 

The British Museum was 
the top tourist attraction in 
London in 1985, with 3.8 mil- 
lion visitors, according to 
figures from the London Visi- 
tor and Convention Bureau. 

Tbe museum was followed 
by the National Gallery, with 
3.2 million visitors; the Sci- 
ence Museum, 2.7 million vis- 
itors; the Natural History 
.Museum, 26 million, and toe 
Tower ofLondon, 24 million. 

St Raul’s and Westminster — 

Abbey are excluded from the 
figures because no accurate 
count is made. 

The bureau said that there 
were 14.6 million visitors to 
Britain in 1985. of which 
London attracted nine 

North American visitors to 
London totalled about three 
million, an increase of nearly 
500,000 on 1 984. while toe . 
next biggest group was from 
the EEC countries, which 
totalled 23 million. 

Star Wars film producer £3m in debt 

Mr Gary Douglas Kurtz, 
aged 45, producer of the film 
Star Wars, disclosed debts of 
£3.301,237 and assets of £100 
when he appeared for public 
examination at the London 
Bankruptcy Court yesterday. 

Tbe American blamed his 
money troubles on divorce 
litigation, which froze aO his 
assets, and to unprofitable 

investments in other films and 

Royalties from Star Wars 
and The Empire Strikes Back 
totalled about $10 mil- 
lion(£6.6 million). They went 
into pnodtiction companies be 
had formed. 

Mr Kurtz feces a private 
hearing later this week at, 
which tbe Official Receiver 

will apply for him to be made 

Now living at Elsworthy 
Road, Primrose Hill, north- 
west London, he said he had 
properties in America and 
Canada but they were all held 
by an- American bank against 
debts he owed. 

Mr Malcolm Sanderson, the 
Assistant Official Receiver, 

said that in 1 984 and 1 985 Mr 
Kurtz's affairs plunged into a 
“financial trough" due to pro- 
longed litigation in the USA. 

He came under pressure to 
pay the Chemical Bank of 
New York, now a creditor for 
$3 million. He had assigned 
to toe bank all his royalties 

The hearing was adjourned 
for further inquiries. 




from the 



wealth Games. 

* - mi( 4 > iflfsex. was ordered to give up 
.The High Court ^ Volvo and Triumphcare 

yesterday on tire P? we JJ h hv Judge Russell- Vick. QC- » n 
judges to confiscate otbe jujyiart year, even though the 

people’s ,n ase& ; u dge accepted that Mr Gill 

involving dntg dealers. . . know his son- Saqit- 

. : . i ~rA finer u ‘ u ... Af>alpr 

involving Snij drains. 

r Lord Lane, the Lord uuer . ^ ^ a drugs dealer. 
Jus. te ruled tot 

aaeo -7- "uu H 

Justice: ruicu *» j— *»- , Judge Russell-yiek said that 

Maidstone Crown Court had ^ 10 or der forfeiture would 
wrongly ordered a convicted enc0 urage drug dealers to uge 
drug dealer's father to forfeit Qther people^ velnctes. The 
two* cars because, ^ey had High Court dts^reedandh^ 
been used by h.s son for no fctentfrt _vatoe 

fecrying heroin. u, confiscating Mr Gill & care. 

Mr Dara Singh Gill, of Law Report, page 35 

Beriey Road, Southall, Mtd- 

The tragedy of the heroin 
addiction of Boy George, toe 
pop singer, should be a lesson 
to the youth of Europe, Mr 
David Melfor, Under-Secre- 
tary of State at toe Home 
Office, said yesterday. 

Speaking to toe European 
Parliament in Brussels, Mr 
Mellor said: “The tragedy of 
Boy George is that he shows 
all too clearly how even toe 
most successful can fell from 
grace when they fell into toe 
grip of drugs." 

Young people should not be 
fooled into thinking drugs are 
glamorous, Mr Mellor said. 

Applauded for Britain’s new 
legislation against drug push- 
ers, he was strongly supported 
in his call for greater co- 
operation between European 

- But be said that parents 
must also set an example to 
their children by restraint in 
tbe use of conventional mind- 
altering drugs such as alcohol 

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Clean up campaign 

made into 


Many of the problems confront- 
ing the investigation into former 
members of Lloyd's had now 
been overcome and steady 
progress was being made by tile 
Fraud Investigation Group, Sir 
Michael Havers, the Attorney 

General, said daring Com mons 
on the PCW 


-- questions 
•: dicaie. 

There bad been no prosecu- 
tions in the last year by the 

- Director of Pablic Prosecutions 
~ of members of Lloyd's arising 
_ OHt of transactions undertaken 

- by them in that capacity. 

Mr Timothy Yeo (South Sof- 
.. folk, Cy. By for the best possible 
; deterrent to potential fraudsters 

- is the likelihood of being 
successfully prosecuted, leading 

- to conviction. It remains oneu- 
■ sive to many members of the 

pnbtic as well as to members of 

- Lloyd's that there are still at 
large individual former members 
of Lloyd's who appear to have 
milked their members of enor- 

. moos sums of money. 

Sir Michael Havers: I agree that 
prosecution and conviction is a 
1 very good deterrent. Steady 
‘ progress is being maintained by 
the Fraud Investigation Group 
and 1 am satisfied that the 
length of time is attributable to 
the complexity of the case and 
. the nature of the problems, 
particularly obtaining evidence 
from overseas which has had to 
be overcome. 

All those concerned are 
endeavouring to bring the in- 
vestigation to a satisfactory 
condos ioa as expeditiously as 

Mr Gerald Bermingham (St 
Helens South, Lab): Part of the 
‘ problem has been the isad- 
'• equacy and lack of back-tip in 
•• the form of solicitors. Does he 
; hope, when the new Crown 
Prosecution Service is frilly 
staffed in Loudon, that support 
• services will be available and 

Yeo: Convictions the 
best deterrent 

enable prosecution for 

Sir Michael Havers: I do not 
think we have had any lack of 
suitable solicitors available. On 
the back-up problem, counsel 
have been deeply involved 

Mr Thomas Sackviiie (Bolton 
West, C): The matter of the 
PCW syndicate is scandalous 
and has been damaging to the 
reputation of the City of London. 
WiU be confirm everything pos- 
sible is being done to prosecute 
those who are responsible? 

Sir Michael Havers: The prob- 
lem has been obtaining the 
evidence from overseas. 

£750,000 to smarten Britain 


A £750.000 programme, called 
UK2000. to focus on projects 
for improving the environment 
and creating jobs, was an- 
nounced in the Commons by 
Mr William Waldegrra* Min- 
ister For Environment Country- 
side and Local Government 

He said, to Opposition laugh- 
ter. that work would initially be 
concentrated on live important 
themes: greening the cities; 
conserving the industrial her- 
itage: tackling linen helping 
tourists on the move; and 
making more of nature. 

Dr John Cunningham, chief 
Opposition spokesman on the 
environment, said . the new 
scheme was unlikely to have a 
major impact on the environ- 
ment or on the creation of jobs. 
Mr WaWegrave, in his state- 
ment. said that the scheme was 
to encourage more local 
environmental improvement 
work by volunteers and by the 
Manpower Services Commis- 
sion community programme 

The initative would focus on 
a wide range of environmental 
action, not just on litter as 
suggested by recent press 
speculation. It would pool the 
responses of Government, vol- 
untary organizations and the 
private sector and would link 
with other government initia- 
tives concerned with the 
environment and job location. 

It would tackle problems of 
the built and the natural 
environment in (own and coun- 
try and be concerned with 
improving the environment and 
enhancing enjoyment of 
would provide challenging work 
and training for the participants 
and create worthwhile new jobs 
in the improvement projects 
and in new enterprises which 
some projects would help to 

A numnber of established 

national voluntary organiza- 
tions would act as agents — the 
British Trust for Conservation 
Volunteers, the Civic Trust, 
Community Service Volunteere. 
the Groundwork Foundation, 
the Keep Britain Tidy Group 
and the Royal Society for Na- 
ture Conservation. 

The new organization would 
be outside government and 
would be directed by a board on 
which participating voluntary 
organizations would be repre- 
sented. with additional indepen- 
dent members. 

The chairman would be Mr 
Richard Branson. Chairman of 
the Virgin Group. Other in- 
dependent members would be 
Ms Jean Denton. Head of 
External Relations for the Rover 
Group; Mr Ernest HaJL of Dean 
Gough. Halifax; Mr John 
Ponnn of Bristol 1000 and Mr 
Stephen O'Brien of Business in 
the Community. 

The Department of Environ- 
ment would pay grants to the 
participating agents and the new 
organization of about £750.000 
in 1986-87 and at least at that 
level in the next two years. He 
was confident that business 
sponsorship would augment 
those resources. • 

In addition the MSC would 
contribute through the commu- 
nity programme the costs of 
providing temporary jobs for 
long-term unemployed people, 
which it was estimated would 
amount to £22 million in a full 

Dr Cunningham: Given the 
massive problems of derelic- 
tion. decay and neglect, addi- 
tional initiatives, however 
modest, are worth while. We 
wish this one success, but it 
appears unlikely to have a major 
impact on tbe environment or 
on the creation of jobs. There is 
little of substance in what the 
minister said. 

He asked how much addi- 
tional money was involved; how 
many additional places the MSC 

would create and whether any 
permanent jobs would result. 

He also asked for an explana- 
tion of why there bad beat no 
discussion or consultation with 
local authority associations 
about the scheme, although 
local authorities would remain 
the major agencies for the work. 

Mr Nicholas Ridley, Sec- 
retary of State for Environment, 
when Secretary of State for 
Transport, had urged local 
authorities to remove all litter 
bins from all-purpose trunk 
roads; not to scavenge roads, to 
sweep them, or remove litter 
from. them. What had changed 


•i j- 

savings could be made in refuse 
disposal and collection. 

The Chancellor bad an- 
nounced 35.000 additional 
community places in the Bud- 
get This initiative would take 
up 5,000 of them, and use them 
in a coherent sensible pro- 

He had' written, to tool 
authority associations offering 
to have discussions with them. 
Sir Pad Hawkins (South-West 
Norfolk. C) wanted the minister 
to work closely with the Min- 
istry of Agriculture to main sure 
there was not only a thriving 
countryside but a thriving 

Mr Simon Hughes (Southwark 
and Bermondsey, L) said that 
there was no extra money, or a 
miniscule amount. and no extra 
jobs, or a miniscule number. 

Mr Paul Martand (West 
Gloucestershire. C) asked 
whether the initiative could help 
Gnderford in his constituency 
where marauding sheep were 
causing difficulnes and their 
droppings were liberally spread 
on the pavements. 

Mr Waldegrare said this would 
not be the first project the 
scheme would deal with but be 
would draw it to their attention. 

Waldergrave: Grants 
from die department 

from that Government policy 
announced in April? 

The Government had .re-, 
duced grant-related expenditure 
estimates for refuse collection 
and disposal and for environ- 
mental works by 10 per cent in 
real terms in seven years. Full- 
time jobs bad been lost in local 
authorities, and this was just 
another example of the Govern- 
ment undermining full- time 
employment and replacing it by 
temporary lowly paid work. 

Mr Waldegrave: Nobody says 
this initiative will solve ail the 
problems. The Audit Commis- 
sion had shown that enormous 

Mr Alton Roberts (Bootle, Lab): 
The Government is turning 
tragedy into force. Having 
turned over responsibility for 
foreign aid to Bob GeJdof 
responsibility for ' the health 
service to Jimmy SayiQe and tbe 
local authorities' responsibility 
for collecting refuse to Richard 
Branson, will they be turning 
law and order over to Perry 
Mason. Kojak or Boy George? 
Mr Waldegrave: It is not.dever 
to make jokes about Boy George 
but that is for him to judge with 
his usual good taste. He is 
wrong. Here are some people 
with flair and imagination help- 
ing people to work on problems 
which com monsense says 
should be dealt with. 

Havers pledge 
on answers 
to Commons 


Sir Michael Havers, the Attor- 
ney General said in the Com- 
mons he would remain 
answerable to Parliament for 
decisions or actions that he or 
the Director of Public Prosecu- 
tions and his headquarters staff 
took on prosecution matters, 
and also for the policy that was 
appplied by the Crown Prosecu- 
tion Service in the handling of 
particular cases. 

He intended to adopt tbe 
proposals set out in the White 
Paper on An Independent 
Prosecution Service for England 
and Wales. For reasons given in 
the paper, however, he did not 
think it appropriate to answer in 
Parliament for tbe intrinsic 
merits of particular decisions 
taken by local prosecutors un- 
less the Director's headquarters 
staff had been involved 

On cases in which the 
Director's headquarters staff 
had been so involved he pro- 
posed to continue his existing 
practice, as a general rule, of 
confining answers to the basis of 
the decision in the particular 
case, without giving details of 
the evidence or other consid- 
erations which had led to a 
particular decision. 

MPs should be able to 
debate allegations 


Australian MPs were being 
given privileges and rights over 
a sensitive United Kingdom 
security matter which British 
Members of Parliament were 
not allowed to raise. Mr Dale 
Campbell-Savours (Work- 
ington. Lab) stated during a 
point of order in the Commons. 

He said the Attorney General 
(Sir Michael Havers) had suc- 
ceeded in obtaining injunctions 
against The Guardian and The 
Observer newspapers, 
ing them from repeal 
tions contained in an 
article on June 22. 


However, an Australian 
publication the Australian 
Financial Review had referred 
last week to MIS activities at an 

international conference held in 

Also, CBS national radio 
programmes in Sydney had 
dismissed certain aspects of the 
premiership of the then Mr 
Harold Wilson. 

He asked the Speaker (Mr 
Bernard Weatherillj: Have you 
considered tbe ridiculous po- 
sition in which we find our- 

The Australian Parliament 
are freely discussing matter s 
which are tbe subject of court 
proceedings in this country, 
while we are not 

to it not time the sub 
judice rules were examined as 
they relate to our Parliament? 
The Speaker said that if Mr 
Campbell- Savours liked to try 
his luck in the competition for 
adjournment debates, he would 
try to attend. 

Severn crossing report soon 

The final report of consultants 
making a feasibility study into 
the proposed construction of a 
second Severn crossing was 
expected any day now, Mr John 
Moore. Secretary of State for 
Transport, said during Com- 
mons questions. 

He would make an announce- 
ment shortly on its conclusions 
in consultation with the Sec- 

retary of State for Wales, be told 
Mr Roy Hughes (Newport East, 

The Secretary of State for 
Wales had made quite dear the 
critical nature of an additional 
link to South Wales for the 
Welsh economy. 

Mr Hughes said the Welsh 
economy was in a parlous 

Changed attitude needed to drink and driving 


Mr Bottomley, Under Secretary 
l tokl Mr 

1 Mr Peter BoCtoraJey. tbe Min- 
•' ister with responsibility for 
’ roads and road safety, refused 
l during Commons exchanges to 
become involved in the con- 
•' troversy over the so-called 

- “back-counting" of the level of 
~ alcohol in the bodies of drivers 
I arrested on suspicion of drink- 

- driving offences. 

* This follows a court case in 
H which it was successfully con- 
*■ tended that a test hours after an 
r alleged offence, indicated that 
« the driver bad an illegally high 
•' level of alcohol in his body when 
= the alleged incident occurred 
even though at the actual time of 
t testing, he was below the limit. 

of State for Transport, 

Jack Dormand (Easington, Lab) 
that he was considering how to 
maintain the vital campaign 
against drink-driving. A quarter 
of the 5,200 deaths onthe 
nation's roads last year were 
drink related. 

Mr Dormand said drink-driving 
was the scourge of modern 
society. There was no excuse for 
drunken-driving. It was an of- 
fence that ought to carry a 
prison sentence automatically. 

Mr Bottomley, declining to pick 
up the point about automatic 
jail sentences, said the Trans- 
port Department had published 
a free booklet giving tbe feds 
about drink and driving, show- 
ing that people did not have to 

join the 100,000 a year con- 
victed of such offences. 

It was necessary to change 
attitudes over this wholly ir- 
responsible behaviour. 

Mr Thomas SadcviUe (Bolton 
West, O said that people who 
drove without qualifications or 
insurance ought to be more 
harshly dealt with and their 
victims should get better 

Mr Nicholas Brown (Newcastle 
upon Tyne, Eas^Lab) said the 
medical profession felt it was 
unreliable to allow drink-driv- 
ing evidence to be retrospective. 

If it was necessary to have 
such a thing at ail would the 
Government amend the 1981 
Transport Act so that it related 
to special circumstances? 

Mr Bottomley said that given 

the recent case, he would not 
comment directly. 

The point to remember was 
that when people, such as MPs, 
occasionally appeared in court, 
they often offered the excuse 
that they had been for a social 

Mr Roger Stott, an Opposition 
spokesman on transport mat- 
ters. said the Opposition had 
proposed amendments to the 
1981 Transport Act to provide 
police with more scope in 
evidential breath-testing. 

Mr Bottomley said his job was 
to get the rate of road casualties 

It had dropped over the past 
30 years. The biggest Sailer now 
was drink driving. 

1 speak (he said) for the civil 
liberties of those at risk. 

games debate 


The second attempt in three 
sitting days to secure an emer- 
gency debate in the Commons 
about the Commonwealth 
Games in Edinburgh foiled. 

Mr Dennis Caaarai (Falkirk 
West, Lab) said the spoilsport in 
No. 10 Downing Street was 
putting mi>pl nr frft loyalty to 
President Botha before her 
country and the Common- 
wealth by refusing to implement 
effective sanctions against the 
Pretoria regime. 

There was some Conservative 
support for effective measures 
against South Africa, as had 
been mentioned by the former 
Prime Minister, Mr Edward 

Cash move 
a matter 
for the 


The tinting of the decision on 
when to go to the market for 
farther equity on the Channel 
Tunnel was entirely a matter for 
the commercial . 

nranotere and tbefr professional 
JdvfcmT Mr David Mitchell, 

-Minister of State for Transport, 
said during Commons questions. 

They had decided that, that 
would be best after the holiday 
season and that seemed to make 
a lot of sense. 

He was replying to Mr Jona- 
than Aitken (Thanet South, O 
who said the Japanese hanks 
and French investors had 
welshed on their commitment for 
the $6 bQfioa project. 

ft was sorely time to consider 
whether it was right for the 
taxpayer to be going on paying 
bills for it. The time had now 
come to . say that no more 
parliamentary time or public 
money should be spent on this 
project antil tbe bosinessemen 
behind the Euro Tunnel had 
reestablished tbrfr lost fi n an ci a l 

Mr John Hunt (Raressbomoe, 
O asked when the report on tbe 
impact of tire proposed Channel 
tunnel on Kent woald be 

Mr Mitchell told him that tbe 
preliminary assessment report 
was published on July 11. and 
die second stage of tbe study 
would bond on that untial 

Mr Hunt asked for an assess- 
ment or the likely effect of die 
construction of the Channel link 
on employment, p a rtic n forty in 

Mr Mitchell tnW him it 
expected Oat an avenge of 
3^000 people would be employed 
on the construction project, 
about half of them recrafted 

In addition to that (be said), 
there will he a substantial 
number of jobs north of Watford 
as a result of the pur ch a si ng of 
about £900 million 

worth of 

goods, much of it engineering. 
Mr Rt 

Robert Brown (Newcastle 
Upon Tyne North, L) said this 
monstrous scheme was going to 
have a severe impact on Of 
parts of tbe country. When 
would he scrap the whole damn 

Mr MitcbeD said that MPs had 
taken a judgement on a vote of 
309 to 44. Mr Brown coaid net 
cast aspersions on his oolleagnes 

Parliament today 

Commons (2 .30): Debate -on 
Alliance motion on high tech- 
nology. Bexley London Borough 
Council Bill, second reading. 
Lords (2.30V Social Security 
Bill, report, second day. 

Glorious revolution 
worth celebrating 


Despite tbe reservation of some 
Catholics, the Glorious Revolu- 
tion of 1 688 and subsequent 300 
years of Anglo- Dutch friendship 
was worth celebrating. Viscount 
Whitetow, Lord President of the 
Council and Leader of the 
House of Lords, told peers 
during question time in the 
House of Lords. 

Lord Grimond (L) opened the 
exchanges when be suggested 
the occasion might be provoc- 
ative to Roman Catholics, 
particularly the Irish. The so- 
called revolution had in feet 
been a coup d'etat resulting 
from religious bigotry and 

In a multi-racial society (he 
said) is this the sort of historical 
occasion to go out of our way to 
celebrate? Is the Government 
going to promote it in Ulster? 
Viscount Whitetow: Having 
spent two years in Northern 
Ireland I understand the in- 
tricacies of Irish history and I do 
not intend to get involved with 
that. 1 think 300 years of AngJo- 

Dutch friendship is worth 
celebrating as it established the 
development of a constitutional 
monarchy and parliamentary 
democracy which attends this 

Lord Mowbray Segrare and 
SUmrtuu (C): This was un- 
equivocally discriminatory 
against the Catholics. 

Viscount Whitetow: There are 
aspects of this occasion which 
may not invoke the happiest 
memories in different people. 

There are different times in 
our history which it is reason- 
able to call attention to although 
they might not have been 
universally popular or to have 
helped everyone. This is an 
important milestone. 

Lord Glenamara (Lab): This so- 
called revolution was not tbe 
glorious revolution of tbe his- 
tory books; it was a squalid 
affair, nothing more than the 
ousting of the lawful king by 
religious prejudice. 

Viscount Whitetow: A large 
number of people thought it was 
appropriate to celebrate this 
occasion and the Government 
supports the various 
endeavours bring made. 


aim to give 



By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

The Government is taldng pledged thai there' woukl be 
action against fraudsters who legislation on • extradition in 
can transfer funds efectroni- the next session ofFarltamrat 
cally from : one country to • Mr Hurti. wffl pursue- new 
another ' arrangements fo£_B8«ual ; as. 

Mi- Douglas HunL Home . sistance in the use- of court 
Sedetaiy, said yesterday that processes here to assist other 
ministers were considering countries with the provision 
eaffy legislation b^ed onrec- of evidence agauua suspect 


omrnendations' " from 
Roskili committee. ' *.*• 

‘ Mr Hurd, who was address- 
ing die English Speaking 
Union in' Oxford, said: “A 
great' deal of serious crime 
now. transcends national 
boundaries and makes use Of 
the separation of national 
jurisdiction in order to evade 
detection or punishment 'Hie 
criminal jumps over frontiers 
which still hamper his 

, He said: “Our aim is to 
ensure that there can be no 
hiding place for criminals 
anywhere in the world.' The' 
measures' we already have in 
train make that begm to look 
an increasingly realistic and 
attainable aim> ■ . ; 

The Roskili committee rec- 
ommended that the law of 
evidence should be reformed 
so that documents, including 
those of overseas origin, could 
become admissible in crimi- 
nal proceedings, Mr Hurd 

Provisions should be made 
for taking oral evidence 
abroad to be presented in 

Tbe proposed changes are 
among innovations with 
Which Mr Hurd intends to 
tackle international crime. He 


“The Lord Advocate -and 
the Solicitoc-Geqeral [ win 3* 
discussing with their Coin- 
.monwealth colleagues at a law 
ministers' meeting in Harare, 
Zimbabwe, at the end of this 
month -a draft scheme;- on 
mutual assistance within toe 
Common wealth- And we in- 
tend to explore also the scope 
for similar co-operation with 
other European countries." 

Mr Hurd's aim is to ensure 
that documents and witnessed 
statements can be admitted as 
evidence -in British ; courts 
without requiring^ witness to 
attend, personally. . . ^ _ 

The documents would- re- 
later to a ; wide - variety of 
evidence -ranging from bank* 
ing to extradition." The imeu- 
: tion is to speed up proceedings 
- and make-fhem more effective 
in pursuit of the international 
criminal; - - 

On the agenda of Ministers 
oftheTnienof oftfie European 
Community later this year; 
which Mr Hind Will chair, will 
be the development of con- 
certed action, particuiariy 
against te rro rism - mid - drug 
trafficking. A tightening of 
frontier control safeguards 
will also be discussed. ' 

Sale Room 

sold for 
£ 52,800 

By Genridme Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 
The art and artefacts iff the 
undent dvflizations of tbe 
Mediterranean attracted a 
packed house aad soaitag 
prices atSotheby’s yesterday. 

Most art amateurs do not 
understood this "field and ihe 
narrow buying public, made up 
scholarly collectors and 
masesms, has in tbe past paid 
erratic, and generally modest 
prices. The . buoyancy of ..the 
sale, arid the: new private 
collectors who tamed out fa- 
it, is a phenomenon. 

A sixth century BC bronze 
statuette of a Spartan, warrior, 
dressed in a Corinthian helmet 
but not much rise, was the star 
turn at £5! 24*00, paid by a 
private collector. It stands 6m 
high tod was bought from an 
Arab tribesman in n remote 
part of southern Arrian, in 
1949. Sotheby's had not pub- 
lished an estimate, but - had 
been suggesting a price of 
about £6M0&-£80,000. . 

Among tiie surprizes was 
the £28,600 (estimate £6,000- 
£8,000) paid fa a fragment of 
an Assyrian gypsum relief, 
depicting four Elamite war- 
riors in a chariot, dating from 
the seventh century BC A 3ft- 
high Cypriot amphora of 
about 700-600 BC with deco- 
rative bands of red, white and 
Mack, secured £17,050 (esti- 
mate £5,000^8,000). 

A Hellenistic bronze Eros, 
springing forward with one 
arm and the top of his head 
missing, sold to Robin Symes 
at £42,000 

At Christie's, a sale of 
clocks aad watches made 
£93482, with 34 per cent 


law sought 




Financial and Accounting 
Chief Executives 
Managing Directors 

Sales and Marketing Executives, 
Public, Finance and 
Overseas Appointments. 




Historic gardens: 2 

Threat posed by spread of housing 

Some owners of historic 
gardens do not realize the 
importance of what they pos- 
sess. and some outstanding 
gardens have already been 
levelled and buried under rows 
of semi-detached houses. Hugh 
Clayton, Environment Corre- 
spondent, reports in the second 
of two articles on efforts to 
make sure that the rest survive. 

Builders sometimes complain 
that so much of the British 
landscape is officially protect- 
ed that there is hardly any- 
thing left to build on. 

Once you subtract toe areas 
of outstanding natural beauty, 
nature reserves. Sites of Spe- 
cial Scientific Interest and 
areas of special landscape 
value or archaeological signifi- 
cance there is little left open 
ihat anybody wants. 

THe listing of historic 
buildings has also gone on 
apace, so that hundreds of the 
0.000 buildings listed as of 
being of historic importance 
and deserving of protection 
are not buildings at all. There 
are listed lamp-posts, drinking 
fountains and. in London, 
even a listed Victorian urinal. 

Now that so many historic 
buildings and their interiors 
have ban saved from destruc- 
tion. concern is growing about 
their settings. A fine country 
house may have its old wall 

Leeds Castle in Kent, where die official registry of historic gard 

listed as an historic building, 
or even an old ornamental 

essential setting and replaces it Thacker said. **We often have 

with twee and lurid bedding 

stone urn in its garden. 

Even toe garden itself can 
now be listed thanks to the 
efforts of Dr Christopher 
Thacker, garden historian 
with English Heritage, the 
ancient monuments quango, 
and Miss Elaine Harwood, his 

They scour England for 
gardens started before 1939 
and compile official lists for 
each county. They expect to 
have tracked down about 
1.200 gardens by the spring of 
next year. 

A listed garden may include 
a listed urn or statue which 
depends for its effect on the 
original setting of lawns and 
trees. If the owner smashes the 
urn or statue, he is guilty of a 

breach of listed building regu- of the owners are not very 
lations. If he uproots their historically-minded," Dr 

plants, he has committed no 
offence in law. 

“I went to one historic 
garden in Buckinghamshire 
and found that from 15 acres 
in the 1940s it had gone down 
to three-quarters qf an acre, 
and a lot of desirable byou 
residences had ban built on 
the rest” Dr Thacker recalled. 
He thinks the value of tbe 
register of gardens of historic 
interest lies in its impact on 
owneiyand on local council 
planning officers. 

The presence of a garden on 
the register may persuade 
them to oppose a building or 
road development if it would 
destroy a fine garden. “Some 

to put them gently right when 
they tell us things about 
Queen Elizabeth I or Charles 
If and the oak tree.” 

Some owners were worried 
about the register being used 
to influence planning deci- 
sions, he added. Already more 
than 20 planning cases had 
been referred to his office 
because of the possibility that 
s historic garden might be 
threatened with destruction or 

He has. not yet .managed to 
ease the concern of owners 
that if thev are expected to 
keep a garden permanently in 
its original state, they will foce 
extremely high labour costs. 

• Concluded 


Proposals for new trespass 
laws to outlaw groups such as 
the hippie peace convoy and 
animal rights* activists are to 
be put to the House of Lords 

. Amendments to. the ^Public 
Order Bifl have beentabtaiby 
Lord Stanley of Akfedftk. jhe 
Conserya d yejxxx, to make it 
a criinnpd offence to driVeon 
to ppvate land without per- 
mission and to cause damage 
or harassment. ...... 

Lord Glenarthur, the Home 
Office Minister, is not expect- 
ed to support the new. clauses, 
but he will promise peers a 
new clause against trespass, 
aimed specifically at stopping 
the invasion of private land by 
hippies. This is in the process 
of being drawn up. by Home 
Office officials and will be 
added to the Bill in the House 
of Lords in October. 

Lord Stanley, who farms in 
Oxfordshire and Anglesey* 
north Wales, is campaigning 
on behalf of the National 
Farmers* Union to make tres- 
pass a criminal offence. V'’ - ' 1 

He said that be did not want . 
to stop people, such as ram- 
blers and huntsmen, •: from 
going on to his land. The 
nightmare was to find a-wayof 
not offending those people, 
while banning anti-vivisec- 
tionists, animal tiberarionists 
and others who caused dam- 
age to land and buildings. . . 

The Government is prepar- 
ing for defeats on some of the 
Bill’s controversial new pow- 
ers against riot and harass- 
ment during its committee 
stage tomorrow. , ' 

Lord Scarman arid Lend 
Eiwyn-Jories, the formefXord 
Chancellor, whose opinions 
carry weight in theiLoiris, will ' 
try to scrap a;. clause which 
give s toe police mud) mote 
power to arrest-heotigahs-and 
vandals. At present the Bill . 
makes it a criminal offence to 
swear or scrawl graffiti, '‘with- 
in the hearing or sight of a 
person likely to be caused 



alarm J or 

Lord ETwyn-Jones and Lord 
Mishcon, an ' Opposition 
spokesman, will also attempt 
to cut the maximum sentence 
for the new offence of riot 
from life to 10 years. This is 
expected to be accepted by the 

Labour peers want to tone 
down the p owers to. control 
demonstrations so thar only 
those conristing of more titan 
100 people are covered' byAbc 
BdL Lora Gifford, the Labour 
peer and . a human rights* 
campaigner, is tonyto delete 
a clause calling for ttofce 
planning marches to givewrir- , 
ten notice in advance. ; 


atom base 

An inquiry was launched*! 
one of Britain's atomic- re* 
search bases yesterday after a 
technician took a plastic bottle 
contaminated with radioac- 
tive plutonium from a 'la- 
boratory. . v , 

. The man was betng qiies- . 
boned .by officials at toe base - • 
in Harwefl, Gxfordshire,rand / 
feces disciplinary actiot^ pr 
John ' Stubbs, a spokesman, '. 
said: . There was: nothing, in- ' 
side the - bottle -but - a- mimije . : 
level of plutonium was found 
on die outride.** ' \ - .. • 

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deaths a year 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

■ R^ y ™J be J 000l)< ? plein Churchill Hospital, Oxford, 
° < ^ c »j e ¥ il year and chairman of the Asthma 
- w?.hhK5 2*** ^ aved Society, said; “Dociore, pa- 
de^ancUng and ricnis and relatives need to 
/treatment of the disease, Mr know how to recognize the 

Scott 1 





f . 



Ross Ice 


homeless 9 

By Christopher Warman 
Property Correspondent 


' ^GUdey 

I 1911-12 

u,„t S“:„ — , rr^* * x “ »now now 10 recognize me 

•5SJ§5? k S r ’ ^ ?$ ctor ?, f early signs and symptoms of 
the Asth ma Research Council, asthma so that it does not go 


■ said yesterday. 

Their deaths werea scandal, 
he said. “We know that many 
■"of these deaths are unneces- 

- sary and we must work urgent- 

- Iy towards a rapid fall in the 
* numbers. 

“We need to know why 

■ people die of asthma, why 
■" ’ sometimes treatment does not 
■ work and why doctors do not 

-"recognize the condition more 

■ readily." 

About two and a half mil- 
-■ lion people in Bri tain were 
' known to suffer from asthma, 
'but there were large numbers 
" of others who were undiag- 
nosed and who would benefit 
from treatment, Mr Faulkner 
; said. - 

He was speaking on the 
; publication of the council's 
.-annual report. Last year the 
< . council raised £100,000 for 
. research and is presently fund- 
ing 40 projects.- 
Dr Donald Lane, a consul- 
tant chest physician at the 

undiagnosed for months or 
years on end. 

“To find more hidden 
asthmatics we will look again 
to general practitioners and 
also to. the school medical 
services for increased aware- 
ness and vigilance," he said in 
the report. 

The society is spreading 
information about asthma 
within the medical profession, 
and particularly among family 

Among the research pro- 
jects is an investigation of the 
condition in babies, for whom 
there is little specific treat- 
ment New techniques devel- 
oped at the Royal Post- 
graduate Medical School, 
Hammersmith, west London, 
have enabled researchers to 
find out why .wheezing babies 
often feil to respond to stan- 
dard anti-asthma treatment 

As a result, clinical trials are 
now being conducted of vari- 
ous forms of therapy. 


100 mBi 

!*'■ > . ; V r.-*is' 


Dr Kristensen yesterday with 0^0 
Lord Shackleton and Sir Vivian 
Fuchs; and the route. 
(Photograph: Peter Trievnor)- 

The Government’s plans to 
cut mortgage interest pay- 
ments to unemployed home 
owners, estimated to save £30 
million in benefit payments, is 
criticized in a report published 
today by Shelter, the national 
campaign for the homeless. 

The report claims that it win 
lead to a rise in the number of 
homeless people in the coun- 
try and also that it will lead to 
increases in mortgage arrears. 

Woman to lead expedition to the South Pole 

T * j f 

By Nicholas Beeston 

Three quarters of a century after 
the Antarctic was conquered in a 
fierce polar contest between British 
and Norwegian explorers, a team 
from the two countries, led by a 
woman, is setting off to retrace the 
route over the world’s most inhospita- 
ble continent. 

Dr Monica Kristensen, aged 36, a 
glac iolo gist from Oslo, will lead three 
men, one Briton and two Danes, 1,800 
miles on skis from the Bay of Whales 
to the Sooth Foie and back in three 

At the expedition’s launch yester- 
day at the Royal Geographic Society 

in London, Dr Kristensen said: “It is 
any explorer’s dream to lead an 
expedition to the South Pole. We are 
still making hectic preparations and it 
is a formidable undertaking, but so far 
it is all going to plan." 

The route was last taken in 1911 
when Roald Amundsen, the Norwe- 
gian explorer, became the first man to 
reach the Sonth Pole. His British 
rival. Captain Scott, ami the men on 
his expedition perished. 

The idea for the commemorative 
expedition, called 90° South, was 
hatched five years ago by Dr 
Kristensen, when she was studying at 
Cambridge for her PhD in glaciology. 

The British member is Dr Neil 

McIntyre, aged 28, a soentist at the 
University of Londons Mallard 
Space Science Laboratory, who was 
one of Dr Kristensen’s student col- 
leagues. He worked with her on the 
project from its inception. They tope 

to carry out research during the 

ovnixfitinn which SCtS Off ID 

expedition, which sets off in 
November. ,„ r , 

Dr McIntyre said: “We have 
worked very hard to get this project 
going. There will be many obstacles, 
but each of ns is experienced and we 
have every confidence in Monica’s 
ability." . _ 

The two other members are Ser- 
geant Jacob Larsen, aged 26, and 
Sergeant Jesper Andersen, aged 25, 

specialist dog sledge handlers from 
the Danish armed forces’ Sirius 
Patrol, which operates in Greenland. 

They will be in charge of two teams 
of 11 huskies, which will pull most of 
the provisions needed. 

The £1 milli on project has been 
sponsored by about 50 companies, 
including British Airways and two 
Norwegian banks, and its advisers 
include Sir Vivian Fnchs. Its boat, the 
Aurora, will sail from Oslo on August 

16 , 

The expedition’s patron. Lord 

Shackleton, the son of Sir Ernest 
Shackleton, the polar explorer, said 
yesterday that the voyage would 
supply useful scientific information. 

Mr Roger Matthews, head 
of research at Shelter, and 
author of the report, said: 
“Increased homelessness 
might be avoided if the Gov- 
ernment had made suitable 
arrangements with lending 

Shelter is concerned that the 
estimated savings take no 
account of the extra costs if 
families become homeless. 
Government figures put sav- 
ings at £200 for each claimant, 
but if they became homeless 
that figure would be swal- 
lowed up by just one week's 
bed and breakfast bill, paid for 
by the Government, Mr Mat- 
thews added. 

Last week, Mr Tim Mel- 
ville-Ross, chief general man- 
ager of the Nationwide 
Building Society, said that it 
would be “very unkeen” to 
pick up the bilL 

New dwarf I MPs no 

cherry tree 

match for 

- : - By John Yonng 
Agriculture Correspondent 

By RaymondKeene 
Chess Correspondent 

New dwarf cherry trees, 
which can be grown close 
together and protected by nets, 
may soon be helping to revive 
the home-grown fruit industry. 

Although cherries are as 
much in demand as ever, the 
number of traditional English 
orchards has declined steeply 
in the past 30 years, the gap 
being filled by imports from. 
• among other coon tries, Italy, 
' France and the United States. 

One reason is that large 
- trees spaced 40 ft or more 
apart " are uneconomic to iiidc 

■and -manage!: -■"— 

: " Crbwers lmTe ^lro^Iud tb 
contend with fluctuating 

JICMPy mjrw iy 

ty of preventing, bud?, from 
devastating the crop.; V 

••--Scientists- at -.the-; East 
. Mailing Research Station, m 
Kent, have developed a root- 
stock known as Colt, which 
has achieved rapid popularity 
. because it enables trees to be 
grown as fittle as 15 ft apart it 

, also crops well in the early 

■ years and is easy to propagate. 
• The scientists are hoping to 
develop still smaller trees 
which, when treated with, a 
chemical -growth regulator, 
■Guitar, wffl enable roost of the 
fruit to be picked from the 

Collar is already in use by 
apple and pear growers, and is 
expected to be cleared for use 

■ on cherries and other stone 
frmts next year. 

A further advantage of 
. small trees is that they can be 
protected from birds by net- 
ting. Two new systems, one 
shaped like a tent and the 
ether like a cage, have proved 
successful in trials. 

A team of children from 
London primary schools cho- 
sen by -the Inner London 
Education Authority, defeated 
a team of MPs by 6 - 0 on 
Monday in the Jubilee Room 
of the House of Commons. 

Individual resulis were: Selim 
(Mayflower Primary School) de- 
feated Stan Thome (MP for 
Preston); Lon Whittaker 
(Adamsnll Junior School) de- 
feated John Silkin (MP for 
Deptford); Paul Griffiths 
(Moorfields Primary School) de- 
feated Peter Rost (MP for 
Ere wash); Richard Gardner (St 
Johns. Wa! wt>rth.;CE Primary 

■ School >defeated Robert Rhodes 
James .,{MP for .partridge); 
'Graeme -Nadasy (Sacred Heart' 
RC Junior School) defeated 
Nicholas "BonsoT .(MP for 

■ Upnrinster) and Steven Jackson 
TGfanartS' dutoiof ’.School) de- 
feated. Ian Mikardo (MP Tor 
■Bow and 1 Poplar). 

Concorde for 

Concorde, flagship of Brit- 
ish Airways, is to fly a through 
service to the Caribbean start- 
ing on December 20. 

Air Jamaica and British 
Airways have reached agree- 
ment to operatea weekly flight 
for 12 weeks, Mr Tony Hart, 
Air Jamaica chairman, said 
yesterday. Concorde will leave 
Heathrow at 10.30 am on 
Saturdays for a five-hour flight 

- ~ Dmrnafk Q ClArt 4(1 

kXHUIUUJ^ « ““D 

to Montego Bay with a stop at 
New York. . The return fere 

New York.. The return 
will be about £3,104. 

Man’s throat 
cut in accident 

' Emphasis in developing new 

varieties has been largelyow}- 
centrated on late, high-yield- 
ing black cherries. 

- The red-and-yellow fruit, 
which is still much in demand, 

is said to be less easy to 
cultivate and more prone to 
disease. . . ■_ 

Mr Kenneth Cross, aged 45, 
died yesterday after his throat 
was cut accidentally while he 
was laying paving stones at his 
home in Ton Glas, Bridgend, 
Mid Glamorgan. The stone- 
cutting machine’s blade shat- 
tered and fragments severed 
an artery in his neck. 

According to a mend, Mr 
Cross walked into the h ouse 
-with his-throat cut, burthen: 
was nothing his wife could do. 

Final decision on 
legal aid payment 

- ByFrances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Lord Haiteham ofSi^jHJ- ^theLord Chmt - 1 

lebone. the Lord O^ceiio. ^ IIorslarled in March accord- 
will announce his bnm aeg lo a Ending timetable 

sion. on the W'fSy agreed after the Bar’s success 

lawyers doing for ful Hj ^ CoU rt proceedings. 

legal aid work tomorrow, tft { ef lhe 5 ^ ccm offer 

deadline for the c f or inflation. 

negotiations. Lo rd Hailsham.was abused 

deadline for the Close « 

negotiations. Lord Hailsham was arcused 

Since his confidential re- ctill E unlawfully in feihng 

visxl pay offer two weeks ° f ® Sate lhe 

negotiations have taken pi . n ^JJ t he level of criminal 
between his officials iptrai aid fees: and for failing to 

SSSivesofthe Bar^id the JgJg and reasonable 
. Law Society to secure fiirther £££*£ „ * is required lo 
• improvements. . d o by statute. 

With his under the timetable, dis- 

be commumcafed t° on independent 

will provide a draft reports on ^ngsubmnred 

of any necessary completed by May 

and would immediately P rt>- hadtooe^ ^ . 

ceed to draw them P- had l0 be made by June ,27, 

■ The original offer from fi na i negotiations had to 

t?s .K] k be ;°r 1 ^ ^ ' x 

to the offer. 

1 1.5 per cent io» ^“^*r._ her 
take account of their h gn 
overheads. . . e 

uprating for inflation. 

But 'a -decision on whether 


tit® 1 -"S* of oav will 

uprating Tor inflation. _ W" 

The offers are staggered. lhe n«t council 

SffiSSSi sssigSd 

are agreed. 




Nigel Mansell won the British Grand Prix 
on Sunday. He now leads the Drivers 
Championship and with Nelson Piquet taking 
a closely fought second place, the Williams 
team have increased their lead in the 

own motor car. It may not be the cheapest oil 
on the market, but it is the world’s most 
advanced. Try some. Call 01-828 9777 now. 

Constructors Championship. 

So what’s the secret of the Williams 
winning Formula? It’s a rare blend of talent, 
teamwork and technology. 

Mobi| developed the advanced synthetic 
lubricants used exclusively by the Williams 
team. The synthetic engine oil, Mobil One 
Rally Formula is also available for use in your 

The world’s most advanced motor oil 

i*i " 

; 5 


Are ICLs competitors 
developing chips on their shoulders? 

J* 1 '- 

•; ••• 

•A 1 ' '• •» • 

Look at it from his point of view. 

... In 1985 Id’s turnover was over £1 bn. 
with pre-tax profits up by 33%. A major 
achievement by any standards and built on 
solid growth. 

We now supply more electronic point- 
of-sale systems to UK retailers than any other 

- The financial sector and manufacturing 
industries are also, investing more -than ever 
before in Id computers. . 

In the public sector, you’ll find us hard 
at work in the majority of local government 
offices, in every Regional Health Authority, as 
well as easing the burden on the DHSS and 
Inland Revenue. 

Essential public services like the water, 
gas and electricity industries, all rely on ICL 
information systems. And we play a significant 
role in key areas of the nation's defence, 

Without ICL, Britain could grind to a 
halt tomorrow. Fortunately, however, were 

looking much further, ahead than that 

By exploiting new technologies like high 
speed fibre , optics, and through our leader- 
ship in networking, ICL are assured of a 
major role. in all sectors of Britain’s economy 
for many years to come. 

And some people would give their right 
arm to be in that position. 

Y>uVe in good company. 


t : *T ■ '’-LiVjS 

South Africa says calm reigns in its schools 

Black townships tense 
as pupils return under 
strict new regulations 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

school k ^ t0 Grou P- an independent body, hac 

South A?rSf S? y lhrough J^ estimated that no more than sibl 
South Africa after an extended 12 ner rent of «nrkm in 1 

wnter holiday, under strict 
new regulations designed to 
weed out political activists 
and “troublemakers". 

The level of attendance 
vaned widely and it is likely to 
be several days before the 
impact of the new measures 
can be fully assessed. The 
mood was tense in many black 
townships, but by late after- 
noon no incidents of violence 
had been reported. 

The Government's Bureau 
for Information claimed last 
night, on the . basis of a 
“preliminary analysis”, that at 
least SO per cent of black 
pupils returned to school and 
Ttne atmosphere at the major- 
ity of schools is orderly and 

• On the Government's fig- 
ures. this would mean that 
340.000 df the 1,700.000 black 
youngsters eligible by age to 
attend the 7.000 schools under 
the jurisdiction of the Depart- 
ment of Training and Educa- 
tion foiled to come to school. 

■ Meanwhile, the call by the 
Congress of South African 
Trade. Unions (Cosatu) for a 
“day of action" 10 protest 
against the detention of trade 
union oftidals under the state 
of emergency appeared to 
have meL with only a limited 
response from black workers. 

The Labour Monitoring 

Group, an independent body, 
estimated that no more than 
12 per cent of workers in 
general, and 18 per cent of 
Cosatu members, went on 
strike in the Prcloria-Johan- 
nesburg-Vereeniging area, the 
country's most industrialized 

In Port Elizabeth, the secre- 
tary of the local chamber of 
commerce. Mr Tony Gilson, 
said there had been a “partial 
saay-away from work", while 
in East London the municipal 
administration was brought to 
a hall by a strike by most of its 
black employees. 

The South African subsid- 
iary of General Motors, which 
is based in Port Elizabeth, 
closed its plant at midday after 
many of its employees failed 
to report for work. Many of 
those who did come to work 
later asked to be allowed to go 

The mines, apart from stop- 
pages at three collieries, were 
reported to be free of protest 
action. A spokesman for the 
National Union of Mine- 
workers said the release from 
detention last Friday of Mr 
Elijah Barayi, its president, 
might have defused workers* 

Plans for protest action in 
nonhem Natal and the West- 
ern Cape were cancelled, 
mainly because the detention 
of trade union officials and 
restrictions on union meetings 

had made organization impos- 

In the Durban area, protests 
were reported to have taken 
the form of lunch-time meet- 
ings. sil-ins and and go-slows. 
It is possible raoie activity of 
this kind may have occurred 
than has so (hr been reponed. 

The poor response to the 
“day of action" can be attrib- 
uted to both the difficulty of 
organising under emergency 
conditions and to differences 
among trade union leaders. 
Cosatu's smaller rival, the 
Council of Trade Unions of 
South Africa, is linked to the 
black consciousness move- 
ment and opposed the proiest 

Under the new system, all 
pupils on arrival at school 
have to register their names 
with a government official 
who is empowered 10 turn 
away any pupils without giv- 
ing reason. 

In a tour of Soweto yester- 
day. 1 saw many children of 
school age- some in uniform, 
some not, loitering at comers 
or walking in the streets. 
Attendance was clearly higher 
at primary schools 

It seems probable that the 
authorities will allow pupils a 
few days to register and enrol 
but after that any who have 
failed to do so could find 
themselves shut out of school 
for the rest of term. 

Leading article, page 17 
Letters, page 17 

Officials smooth the path 

By George HHl diplomatic appointments in 

. ft-' Moscow, the Philippines, 
Two senior Foreign Office Csmada ^ ^ Wastaing- 

rffkaakare keeping op the ^ where ^ ^ minister 
momentum of Sir Geoffrey ^ l9Mm He ^ especially 
Howe s nussmn apmst sane- m financial af- 

rions while he entertains the ^ ^ ^ seconded to the 
Soviet Foreign Minister m Xreasury in 1969-70. 

London. „ . _ 

Mr Ewen Fergusson^i for- was a member of the 
mer Ambassador to Sooth British delegation m the abor- 
Africa, is in Pretoria smooth- fave negotiations in Brussels 
ing the way for Sir Geoffrey’s into the 

meetings with President Botha m 1961-62. 

later this month, while Mr A member of the oarsmen s 
Derek Thomas, who ranks dob, Leander, and a former 
second in the Foreign Office's midshipman in the Royal Na- 
London hierarchy after die val Volunteer Reserve, he 
Permanent Under-Secretary, spends as much tune as he can 
is in Japan and has already in and around the water. He 
visited Australia. Both offi- went to Radley,* rowing 
dais will be hack in London by school, and read Modern Lan- 
the middle of the week. guages at Trinity HalL Cam- 
Botfa rank as dejmty ondervhridge... ^ : ..... -. . • - - 

secretaries, although Mr Mr Frignsson, aged 53, nas 
Thomas’s appointment as po- been die deputy UnderSecre- 
litical director makes him tary with special responsioBity 
formally the more senior of the for Africa ami the Middle JCast 
two. Aged 56, he. has "held since 1984. He is a former 

Oxford rugby Blue and Scot- 
tish international, a back- 
ground which helps to smooth 
the flow of small talk in South 
Africa, where the game is 
keenly followed. 

As ambassador in Pretoria 
until 1984, his contacts there 
are still in good repair, and he 
was a natural choice for the 
delicate mission of trying to 
protect Sir Geoffrey from the 
embarrassment of having to 
come home empty-handed. 

Early in his Foreign Office 
career, which he embarked on 
after two years in the Army, he 
served in the Addis Ababa 
Embassy in the days of Haile 
Selassie. He served in the 
Trade Development Office ur 
New York in 1967, and was 
counsellor and head of chan- 
cery in Britain's permanent 
office with the EEC in Brus- 
sels for four years. 

He was educated at Rugby 
and Oriel College, OxfonL 

sought at 

From Charles Harrison 

Six African presidents - 
from Burundi, Rwanda. Tan- 
zania, Uganda. Zaire and 
Kenya - and the Sudanese 
Prime Minister. Sadik al- 
Mahdi. mei here yesterday for 
a two-day summit with the 
emphasis on consolidating 

stability and co-operation in 

the cast and central African 

Each of the visiting leaders, 
accompanied by a party of 
ministers and officials, was 
given a red-carpet welcome by 
President Moi, the host, and 
crowds of Kenyans turned out 
10 see them arrive. 

A formal meeting of the 
group opened later in the day 
in the Nairobi" Conference 
.Centre, and Iasi night Presi- 
dent Moi was hosting a ban- 
quet at State House. A further 
formal session is due this 

The first meeting of this 
group of leaders was in Goma. 
Zaire, at the end of January, 
soon after President Museveni 
had taken over in Uganda. A 
further meeting was' held in 
Entebbe. Uganda, in March, 
when the leaders declared 
their wish to strengthen politi- 
cal. economic, social and cul- 
tural lies. 

Ail the states involved use 
the Kenyan port of Mombasa 
for some or all of their imports 
and exports, and are therefore 
concerned to maintain good 
relations with Kenya. 

However, the group has few 
other obvious common links; 
it embraces English, French 
and Arabic language groups, 
for instance. 

Yesterday's meeting was the 
first to be attended by Mr 
Sadik al-Mahdi, who became 
Prime Minister after elections 
in Sudan earlier this year. 


" V,l "Wl u 

President Mitterrand of France and General Fennebresque, the Military Governor of Paris, 
reviewing the troops yesterday during ceremonies marking Bastille Day. 

Police to investigate Shin Bet affair 

From lan Murray 

An unhappy Israeli Cabinet 
voted by 14 to i 1 yesterday to 
allow a police investigation 
into the Shin Bet affair. 

Labour members of the 
Cabinet, headed by Mr 
Shimon Peres, the Prime Min- 
ister, had wanted a wider 
judicial inquiry but were out- 
voted by the Likud faction, 
backed by ministers represent- 
ing the small religious parties. 

The day-long meeting began 
with the reluctant acceptance 
that there was no longer any 
way of preventing some kind 

of inquiry into the deaths of 
two fttiestinians in the custo- 
dy of Shin Bet — the counter- 
intelligence agency - and into 
the cover-up that followed. 

Labour accepted the advice 
of Mr Yosef Harish, the 
Attorney-General that a judi- 
cial inquiry would be more 
secret and less damaging to 
stale security. But Likud 
feared, in the words of Mr 
Yitzhak Shamir, its leader, 
that this would be an unguid- 
ed missile able to probe 
‘dangerously into the political 
background of the case. 

Likud, therefore, marginally 

preferred what it hopes will be 
a more restricted inquiry, 
despite Mr Harish's warning 
that it means Shin Bet agents 
can be questioned like com- 
mon criminals. 

Mr Harish will ask the High 
Court here today that the 
investigators, witnesses and 
subjects for the inquiry be 
kepi secret 

The vote means that the 
Cabinet has agreed to the 
inquiry that was ordered in 
May by the previous Attor- 
ney-General, Mr Yitzhak 
Zamir. He was replaced a 
week later. 

Iran claims 
success ; 
in assault 
on marsh 

Tehran (Reuter) - Iranian” 
forces killed or wounded 150 : 
Iraqi troops in an overnight, 
amphibious assault on IraqP 
positions in marshes on the 
southern Gulf war front, Teh-, 
ran Radio reported. 

It claimed the Iranian 
troops destroyed four Iraqi; 
tanks, five boats, five ammu- 
nition dumps and several 
vehicles in the raid near the 
southern Majnoon Island. 

Plea put off 

Kuala Lumpur (Reuter) — I 
The Penang High Court post- 
poned indefinitely a case filed 
by a lawyer for the hanged 
Australian drug trafficker ; 
Kevin Barlow, challenging the ; 
Penang Pardons Board's nyec- * 
'tion of his clemency plea. " 

50-car pile-up 

Rio de Janeiro (Reuter) — - 
At least 15 people were killed 
and more than 100 injured in ; 
a 50-car pile-up on a highway 
near Sio Jose dos Campos, 

Cool heads 

Kuwait (Reuter) — Kuwaiti 
science club members have^ 
invented an air-conditioned'" 
helmet to combat the desert 
emirate's fierce heaL 

In good heart 

Madrid — Salvador Dali,’ 
the 82-year-old Catalan surre- 
alist painter, is progressing 
satisfactorily in a Barcelona, 
clinic after doctors inserted a 
heart pacemaker. 


A report from Paris on July 1 1 
should have made clear that, in 
addition to charges relating to 
the deportation of Jews. Klaus 
Barbie, the Nazi SS leader will 
also face trial accused of the 
deportation of non-Jewish re- 
sistance fighters. The appeal 
court has ruled that this, too, ts a 
"crime against humanity". 

Japan aids Alfonsln Saudis lift 

lash threat 

o (Reuter)- The Japa- 

»riiiie Minister, Mr 
ro Nakasooe, yester- 
tromised President 
n of Argentina mat 
would lend Argentum 
illion (£66.6 million) to 
o vitalize its economy* a 
[ Ministry spokesman 

dent Alfonsln is pic- 
above with Emperor 
o, who welcomed tom 
sterday for a five-day 

Foreign Ministry 

spokesman said yesterday that 
japan, which accounted tor 
almost 15 per cent of 
Argentina's total foreign de®cs 
of about $50 billion, wanted to 
encourage democracy m the 
country and boost its economy. 
He said the terms of themulti- 
pnrpose loan would be settied 

The two leaders agreed to 
establish a small study group 

of non-governmental experts 
to discuss economic and cul- 
tural co-operation, the minis- 
try spokesman saM» 

on nurse 

Canberra ( AP) — An Austra- 
lian nurse sentenced to 65 
lashes in Saudia Arabia for 
drinking alcohol has been 
released on condition that she 
leave the country by the end of 
the week. 

Miss Diane Elizabeth Bar- 
tram, aged 34, was arrested on 
July 1 at Khamis Mushau 994 
miles south of Riyadh, where 
she had been working in the 
military hospital for the past 
three years. ■ 

Mr Jim Dollymore of the 
Australian Foreign Affairs De- 
partment said Miss Bartram 
had been collected from jail by 
fellow workers and was in 
good health. He said arrange- 
ments were being made for her 
to leave the country but it was 
not known whether she would 
be returning to Australia. 

The Australian ambassador 
in Riyadh had been seeking an 
audience with the governor 
when news of Miss Bartram’s 
release came. 

Under Saudi Arabia's Is- 
lamic law, those who consume 
alcohol are publicly caned. 
They are forced to lie in the 
town square after prayers on 
the Friday sabbath and are 
beaten with a long cane. 


per cent 

the shrewd money’s with 

the Woolwich 


sr * 


US Congress in session 

Election issues loom large 

■ JAXA _•» - - 

■imng acoton n ok- 

a.r.1 V wtXkwfm .hxu m r» 

Ml'mj** ■•.r* •- 5 mm .- 1 


million in military aid to the 

Contra rebels in Nicaragua 

Mr Reagan won his first 
battle in support °f foe Cont- 
es in the House, but now 
faces a similar confrontation 
in the Senate, where he ap- 
pears to have sufficient votes, 
certain is the outcome 

of proposed ewmomic^oc- 

tions against South Afinau 
which Mr Reagan opposes 
strongly. As the election ap- 
proaches, congressional sup- 
port for the sanctions has been 

Sowing, especially, m laigjy 
Hack urban districts where 


Botha Government have been 

Reagan's request 

tem isalso scheduled for con- 
gressional action dunngthe 

furnmer session. Mr Reagans 

decision 10 terminate voIotj 
tarv- compliance with tire sal 

%£££** •**** 

in August. 

The issues before Congress 
are numerous and highly con- 
troversial. The Senate major- 
ity leader, Mr Robert Dole, 
has threatened to keep Con- 
gress in session past the 
August 15 scheduled recess 
On the budget question. 
Congress must now begin 
work under a fallback provi- 
sion in the law which will 
force it to resume its battle 
with the White House. Both 
Houses must decide how best 
to reduce the deficit in the 
1987 fiscal year, which begins 
on October 1. Congress con- 
tinues to insist on big defence 
cuts while President Reagan 
remains adamantly opposed 
to the tax increases - which 
many legislators support - to 
reduce the record deficit, 1 
which is projected at more ! 
than $200 billion. 

As a result of the Supreme 
Court decision on the budget 
law. Congress must also act 
within 60 days to ratify SI-L7 
billion in cuts for the 1986 
fiscal year which went into 
effect last winter 

I <OK-:iHki J.V Ipir;- :#■* r 

^ n I 

These can be confusing times for people trying to get the best 
out of their money. 

Now the Woolwich has made a shrewd decision ampler with 
an even better rate. 

If you’ve got £500 or more to invest, the Woolwich Capital 
Account now pays 8% net pa. This is worth 8.16% netpa. if you leave 
your interest in to earn more interest That’s equivalent 11 .49% gross 
for basic rate taxpayers. Interest is normally paid every 6 months, but 
you can take it monthly if you prefer. 

As long as you give us 90 days’ notice in writing of any 
withdrawals, your investment will earn interest right up to thelastday. 

! Should you need some or all of your investment right away you will 
lose the equivalent of 90 days’ interest on the amount withdrawn. 

However, you can make immediate withdrawals without penalty, 

provided at least £10,000 is left in your account after the withdrawal 
Cash or cheque withdrawals are subject to normal branch limits of 
£250 or £30,000 respectively 

So call in at your local Woolwich Brandi, or fiDin the coupon 
and send it to: Woolwich Equitable Building Society, Investment 
Department, FREEPOST, Bexleyhealh, KentDA7 6BP.- 

The Waolwich Capital Account. 

8% net p^=8J6% net CAR =11.49% Gross. 

Equivalent CAR for basic rate taxpayers. 

I/We enclose a cheque for £ • to be Invested in a Woolwich 

Capital Account. With interest added half yearly □ OR paid as Monthly Income □ 
I/We understand the rates may vary. Please said me information on the 
Woolwich Capital AccountO *Min £500. 

No stamp Woolwich Investor LYeslNp] 




- \ A / T33 


aaunaBLE buldmg society 

You’re better off with the Woolwich. 


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-: ■* :*■ -xT^-te ■■■••**! 


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\J/ — IW®b 


Between now and the end of September you 
can buy a new Sierra for around a 20% deposit and 
then as little as £45.42 per week* which includes a 
comprehensive maintenance package covering all 
servicing and maintenance on your car In fact all 
repairs excluding those we’d expect to be covered by 
comprehensive insurance. 

It even includes normal replacement of tyres (up 
to 4), battery exhaust, clutch and brakes, and the RAC 
benefits shown above. 

Practically the only expenses you are left with are 
fuel and insurance, as the finance plan even includes 
the first 12 months Road Fund licence. 

As you can see from the tables, your repayments 

in June, under a typical credit deal, would have been 
around the same as under this scheme but without 
the benefits of the comprehensive maintenance 

If you wish you can go for just the 4.9% (9.5% APR) 
finance and you could save over £1,000 compared to a 
typical credit deal* - your participating Ford Dealer can 
provide you with further details. 

But for so little money doesn’t Ford’s Compre- 
hensive Maintenance plan make a lot of sense - a small 
price to pay for care-free motoring. 

Take a look at the typical examples shown in the 
table below based on maximum prices, then see your 
participating Ford Dealer for full details. 

Cash Price 1-1- including delivery number plates 
and 12 months Road Fund licence 

Initial Payment (minimum 20%) 

36 Monthly Payments commencing 1 month 
after contract date 

SIERRA 1300 

APR 94% 





£129190 . 





£721940 1 






APR 214%* 










£948544 £1256244 £1256244 



Charge far Credit 

Tbtal Credit Price 


See how you can benefit from 4.9% (94% APR) finance and maintenance** together: 












You can have maintenance and 44% (94% APR) finance together for around the same cost as typical finance in June. 

Thw atvwfr faurnw plan Tfl subject to credit approval nntT gppfipc tn ffiprra rehides registered between July 1st and Sept, 3mh l-QSfi fn TfrigTanr^ Sco tland and TC>1 po t AMk 
subject to Conditional Sale Agreements arranged by participating Ford dealers and underwritten by Ford Motor Credit Company Limited, Regent House, 1 Hubert Road, Brentwood, 
Essex CM144QL. Applicants must be ewer 18 years of age and creditworthy Please note various factory fitted options are available for eligible vehidee 
at extm cost Pigwres are coirect at tnne of gcang to press. *Thb represents a tyP^Ford Credit interest rate for a new Sierra dining June 1986. 

**T^a maintenance operateior a a-year period with a man nrmnnl mileagp of i 5, non tEsdRSCosworth. n Max. retail price as at July lst l986. 





‘i^Vv :'s r 


h\*K T 



.> v o, ; -rr 

. i 

Israeli air raid 
hits guerrilla 
mountain bases 

From Juan Carlos Gomnrio, Amah, Lebanon 


Israeli .planes yesterday 
bqmtai three Palestinian 
guerrilla positions near this 
mountain village, 12 miles 
south-east of Beirut, killing 
four men and wounding 21 
least 12 olhers.Two of the 
casualties were Dnize fighters 
of the Progressive Socialist 
Party of Mr Watid Jumblan. 

The morning bomb and 
rocket attacks flattened a 
house occupied by the Popular 
Front for the Liberation of 
Palestine (PFLP), led by Dr 
George Habash, and a six- 
storey stone building and 
adjacent house used by the 
Moscow-oriented Democratic 
Front for the Liberation of 
Palestine (DFLP). 

Hours after the raid in the 
Druze-controlled hills, bull- 
dozers were still removing the 
rubble under clouds of white 
smoke from a bush fire 
sparked by the bombs. . 

A spokesman for the PFLP, 
who identified himself as Abu 
Kbaied, told reporters at the 
scene that the house was 
empty at the time of the 
attack. “We were expecting an 
Israeli raid," he said as young 
guerrillas dug out documents, 
books and magazines from the 
piles of shattered cement and 
pulverized stone heaped with 
pine tree branches ripped 
down by the blasts. 

Abu Khaied said four F 15 
fighter bombers, making four 
sorties, drew heavy ground 
fire from anti-aircraft batteries 
installed in the central and 
Chouf mountains, the strong- 
hold of the Progressive Social- 
ist Party. 

Beirut radios quoted police 
as saying 10 F 1 5 bombers and 
two Phantom jets took part in 
the Israeli raids on Ainab, 
which were the second 10 
occur in five days and the fifth 
since January. 

Last Friday, Israeli helicop- 
ter guoships rocketed Pales- 
tinian guerrilla offices in the 

Ein Hilweh refugee camp 
south of Saida. Seventeen 
hours earlier, two Israeli sol- 
diers were killed in a joint 
infiltration attempt by Pales- 
tinian and Lebanese guerrillas. 

Mr Mandouh NawfeL a 
member of the DFLFs polit- 
buro, said the air raid on 
Ainab was in retaliation for 
“increasing guerrilla opera- 
tions in the West Bank". It 
came just hours after a bomb 
planted in a rubbish, bin 
exploded in central Tel Aviv 
on Sunday night, injuring a 

Both left-wing guerrilla or- 
ganizations operate from the 
Syrian capital of Damascus. 


Lubbers names Cabinet 

Dutch finalize new 
austerity package 

The wrecked office of the Democratic Front for the liberation of Palestine in Ainab, after yesterday's Israeli air raid. 

Jailed French agents leave for atoll next week 

Wellington (Renter) — The 
two French agents jailed for 
their part in the sinking of the 
Greenpeace flagship Rainbow 
Warrior will leave New Zea- 
land next week under the 
terms of an agreement mediat- 
ed by the United Nations. 

Mr David Lange, die New 
Zealand Prime Minister, yes- 
terday said an Air Force plane 

woold take Major Alain 
Mafart and Captain Domi- 
nique Prieur to an unspecified 
destination in the Pacific be- 
tween July 22 and 25. There 
they woold be handed over to 
French authorities who would 
then take them to the tiny 
Pacific atoll of Hao. 

Under the settlement an- 
nounced last week between 

Wellington and Paris, it was 
agreed the agents would be 
transferred to the military 
supply base of Hao for three 
years of restricted assignment. 

In return, France would pay 
Wellington S7 million (£45 
million) in compensation 

A television opinion poll 
taken on Sunday showed that 

public anger over the settle- 
ment was abating in New 
Zealand, frith approval climb- 
ing to 42 per cent from the 30 
per cent recorded immediately 
after it was announced last 

Of those polled, 45 per cent 
still disapproved of the release 
of the agents, compared with 
63 per cent last week. 

The Hague (Reuter) — The 
reshaped coalition Cabinet of 
the Prime Minister, Mr Ruud 
Lubbers, held its first session 
yesterday to finalize a package 
of renewed austerity mea- 
sures, the cornerstone of the 
centre-right Government's 
‘policy plans. 

The coalition of Mr Lub- 
bers' Christian Democrats and 
right-wing Liberals will be 
sworn in by Queen Beatrix 
when the two parties have 
approved plans for next year's 
tough state budget. 

Mr Lubbers named his new 
team on Saturday, ending wo 
months of hard negotiations 
between the parties, who to- 
gether hold a 12-seat parlia- 
mentary majority after the 
May elections. 

The new Cabinet's policy 
agreement, finalised last week 
— focuses on continued public 
spending cuts to boost the 
Dutch economy and tackle 
unemployment, which is still 
running at 15 per cent. ■ - 
Although analysts 'say the 
economy appears to be back 
on the right track, new budget 
plans call for continued cuts of 
20 billion guilders (£5.3 bn) 
over four years. 

Commentators say the ac- 
cord also paves the way for the 
deployment of Nato cruise 
missiles by 1988 
Mr Lubbers, aged 47, 
steered his Christian Demo- 
crats to victory in the May 
polls but the Liberals saw their 

popular support ebb, losing 
nine seats. 

The new Cabinet — Prune 
Minister, Ruud Lubbers, CDA; 
General Affairs, Deputy Prime 
Minister, Rudolf de Kortc, 
WD; Economic Affairs. Home 
Affairs. Kees van Dijk. CD. A; 
Foreign Affairs, Hans van de 
Broek. CDA; Development Co- 
operation, Piet Bukman. CDA; 
Defence. Willem van Eekelen, 
WD: Finance. China R tiding. 
CDA; Justice, Frits Konbais 
A lies. WD; Agriculture and 
Fisheries. Gerrit Braks, CDA; 
Education and Science, Wim 
Dectman. CDA: Social Affairs 
and Employment, Jan de 
Roping, CD A; Neth Antillian 
Affairs, Transport and Public 
Works. Neelie Smil-Kxoes, 
WD; Housing. Physical Plan- 
ning, Ed Nijpels. WD; Environ- 
ment. Welfare, Health and 
Culture, Ed co Brinkman. CDA. 

Parliamentary line-up 

CDA — Christian 

WD - People’s Party for 
Freedom and 

PvdA - Labour Party 52 
D'66 — Democrats 66 9 

SGP— Calvinist Party 3 
PPR — Radical Party 2 
PSP— Pacifist Socialist 

Party 1 

RPF — Evangelical Pol.Fed. 1 
GPV — Calvinist Pol. Union 1 

Nuclear test monitoring 

Soviet scientists in 

.cow (Italia) —A lam endm «ho uiged him 10 I HERE’S ONE INTEREST RATE THAT 


Moscow (Reuter) — A team 
~ of Soviet scientists will travel 
to the US nuclear test site in 
Nevada later, this year to set 
up equipment for monitoring 
underground testing. Soviet 
land American scientists said 

. Mr Yevgeny Velikhov, vice- 
president of the Soviet Acade- 
my of Sciences, said the 
mission would be part of a 
private joint US-Soviet effort 
to demonstrate that verifica- 
tion of a comprehensive 
nuclear lest ban treaty was 

Mr Thomas Cochran, the. 
head of a private team of US 
scientists who began installing. 

1 V seismic monitoring equip- 
ment at a Soviet miefear test 
site last week, said he expected 
the Soviet team to be in 
Nevada by November. 

They were addressing a 
news conference after a meet- 
ing between the Soviet leader, 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, and 
an international panel of sci- 

entists who urged him to 
extend, a Soviet moratorium 
on nuclear testing beyond the 
current deadline of August 6. 

In a unanimous decimation, 
the International Forum of 
Scientists for a Nuclear Test 
Ban also called on the US to 
declare a moratorium on 
nuclear testing. 

The Reagan Administration 
has refused to halt testing, 
partly on the grounds that a 
ban would- be impossible to 
verify. But US scientists raid a 
technological breakthrough 
had made it possible to detect 
even. very small explosions. 

" Mr Cochran said that Soviet 
scientists involved in the joint 
project with the US team- from 1 
the New York-based Natural 
Resources J>efence Council 
(NRDO would be going to 
three stations around the Ne- 
vada test site. 

Mr Velikhov said the Soviet 
authorities had agreed to al- 
low Soviet scientists to co- 
operate with the Americans on 
an independent basis. 

Greenpeace snubbed 
by Moscow forum 

IAabmw niurfar'l — TTiP innitiul thrM> timK T 

A r* 


Moscow (Renter) — The 
Soviet leader, Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, yesterday met an 
international panel of scien- 
m tists seeking a comprehensive 
unclear test ban, bat the head 
of the Greenpeace environ- 
mental group was excluded 
from the talks. 

The Greenpeace chairman, 
Mr David McTaggart, said he 
did not know why the Interna- 
tiona] Forum of Scientists for a 
. Nuclear Test Ban — about 200 
Western and East Woe eaperts 
— had changed an original 
plan to allow him to attend the 

“The scientists apparently 
decided that they didn't want 
ns to meet Gorbachov at the 
same time," Mr McTaggart 
said. He said the Soviet side 
h?ri agreed he could join the 

Mr McTaggart said he 
would seek private talks with 
Mr Gorbachov to urge that 
Moscow extend its nuclear test 
moratorium beyond August o, 
in call foe an immediate end to 
Soviet whaling and to propose 
■ an international music festival 
in Moscow. 

A unilateral Soviet morato- 
rinm on nuclear testing took 
effect on August 6, the 4(tth 
anniversary of the bombing of 
Hiroshima, and has been ex- 

Probe checks 
radiation level 

Moscow <AP> - Scientists 
have created a system tor 
measuring radtftion in a 
above the ruined Chernobyl 
s reactor by inswringadiant 
^ metal ‘‘needle inside »L 
said yesterday. 

Three belicopteiswereused 
toinserta59ft steel tubeabout 

3% in- in diameter swdfljjg 1 
with instruments, 

Quoting a helicopter pitot. 
Pronto said two earb^ 
tempts to insert ; JkjLKJJg 
“needle' 4 had . failed became 

the pitot positioning the tube 

could not get it lopenOT^ 
layer of unspecified material 
>, above the ruined rcacroi- 

It was not clear from the 
account if fhe layer was of 
maierial which burned n the 
■Rtt* at the tractor after it was 

“o e p£> • 

• explosion early on Apn -6, or 
if it was of some of the tons o 
iand. lead and boron later 
dropped on the reactor to cut 
radiation emissions. 

tended three times. Mr 
McTaggart said be would ask 
that it be continued through 
the end of the year. 

“We came here to, tell 
Gorbachov just to hang in 
there, because people outside 
are starting to believe in ft,* 4 he 
said, adding that Greenpeace 
had campaigned for a nuclear 
test ban for IS years and was 
pressing for a US moratorium 
as weU. 

Greenpeace criticized the 
Soviet Union for its Initial 
delay in providing information 
about tiie April 26 Chernobyl 
nuclear acc id en t , but Mr 
McTaggart. said he did not 
intend to press the point with 
Mr Gorbachov. 

*‘Tbe*iirfonnation fe coating' 
out," he said, adding fhat 
Moscow had now provided 
more details about Chernobyl 
than had been Issued after 
nuclear accidents at Britain s 
Wind scale power plant or at 
Three Mile Island in the 
United States. 

Greenpeace, which has 
boarded Soviet fishing vessels 
as part of a worldwide “Save 
the Whales" campaign, would 
try to convince Moscow to halt 
whaling at once instead of next 
year as it has promised, Mr 
McTagga rt said. 

Bhutto claims 
$6 million for 
Zia allegations 

■ From Hasan Akhtar 

Miss Benazir Bhutto, the 
leader of the Pakistan People s 
Party, has claimed damages of 
$6 million (£3.8 million) from 
the publisher and editor of 
Newsweek ?he American 
weekly magazine, for ; pubhsfr; 
i n p an allegation that her 
political activities were fund- 
ed by foreign sources. 

The allegationwasmadeby 
President Zia of PdaW, 
published in the July 7 issue of 
the magazine- 

’ Miss Bhutto’s la«T*r, Mr 
Aiizaz Absan. said bnanwek 

hiften eni a M 

demanding either a^apolog. 

Bhutto's reputation as a recog- 
nized political figure. 

Mr Ahsan said a no tire tad 

also been posted to General 

While other rates have been 
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8 * 19 % 

V ■ M P-a. 


Total invested in fiot year 
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12x£20 =£240 
12x£50 =£600 

Certificate value when issued 
(at end of fust year) 




Certificate value after 
fou r yens 




The rateyou will be offered is 
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each Certificate for a full 4 years. 

Invest here and now. Complete the application form 
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* * **-Sr 

Chile bishops back strikers 

Chile's National Council of 
Roman Catholic Bishops visit- 
ed imprisoned opposition lead- 
ers last weekend to deliver a 
letter of encouragement. 

Fifteen of the 17 leaders of 
the National Assembly of 
Civil Society (NACS), which 
called a two-day general strike 
earlier this month, have been 
jailed, charged with violating, 
state security laws. 

The Council of Bishops also 
announced they would stady 
the “moral aspects" of recent 
declarations by President Pi- 
nochet, who seized power in a 
military coop In 1973. Daring 
a visit to the southern city of 
Concepcion last week Presi- 
dent Pinochet said he had no 
intention of giving up power in 

Chile's new Constitution, 
developed by the military Gov- 
ernment in 1980. calls for 

From Lake Sagans, Santiago 
“elections" in Slate for Inter-American Af- 

presidentia] “elections" in 
1989, with the sole candidate 
being nominated by the four- 
man military junta. 

“This is going to continue 
beyond 1989," President Pino- 
chet said. “We're not going to 
hand over the Govern- meat. 
Some people haven't under- 
stood that the Constitution 
allows 16 years: the first eight 
are to dictate laws and regula- 
tions and the eight that follow 
are to apply those laws." 

Opposition leaders and the' 
Government's civilian sup- 
porters were disconcerted, to 
say the least, and the US State 
Department stepped op the 
tone of its criticisms of the 
military Government 

“We have reason to believe 
that Pinochet doesn't want any 
sort of transition to 
democracy," said Mr Elliot 
Abrams, Under-Secretary of 

lairs. He warned that this 
would make relations between 
the two countries difDcnlt 

President Pinochet's com- 
ments have been interpreted to 
mean that he has, in effect, 
officially announced his inten- 
tion to stand for election in 
1989. He has left his civilian 
supporters with little room to 
manoeuvre in their attempts to 
win over centrist political par- 

Members of the Movement 
for National Unity (MUN) 
and the Independent Union of 
Democrats (UDI), founded by 
former ministers of the mili- 
tary Government, have been 
argning for general elections, 
with several candidates, in 
1989. This proposal for minor 
changes in the 1980 Constitu- 
tion has ' been the only real 
card np their sleeves in negoti- 

ations with opposition parties. 

But President Pinochet's 
comments Indicate any change 
in the Constitution is unlikely. 

Leaders of Chile's two ma- 
jor opposition coalitions hare 
said President Pinochet's com- 
ments confirm that he's de- 
termined to remain in power 
indefinitely. His announce- 
ment closes the door to poss- 
ible negotiations for peaceful 
political change, at least in the 
near fu t ur e, and will probably 
mean more protests and 
strikes organized by oppo- 
sition groups. 

Before his comments there 
was speculation that he was 
trying to convince them to 
support the continuation of the 1 
military Government beyond 
1989, although it is widely 
believed that both the Air 
Force and the Navy oppose 
this idea. 

Lisbon flat blast kills two 

From Martha de la Cal 

An unexplained explosion 
yesterday in a Lisbon flat 
(tilled two men and injured a 

The flat is owned by Colonel 
Jo do Relvas of the Army 
reserve, who was away on 
holiday. But his son, Joao 
Manuel, and a friend were 
staying there. Both were killed 
in the blast, and a neighbour 
was iqjored. 

Police tentatively attributed 
the blast, which occurred in- 
the flat's kitchen, to “the 
mishandling of explosives". 

An official said Jodo Ma- 
mie! Relvas was an activist in 
the radical left People's Demo- 
cratic Union (UDPk but its 
leader and former MP, Senhor 
Mario Tome, denied this, 
claiming that such blasts were 
“political manoeuvres by the 
right-wing police to justify- the 
passing in Parliament of a stiff 
internal security law". 

In the industrial town of 


Se tubal 



25 mfles 


Se tubal, cars belonging to the 
administrator of the Entre- 
posto company, Seubor Jos6 
Manuel de Mourn, and an 
engineer were destroyed. It 
was the third time Senhor de 
Maura's car had been bombed. 

The Entreposto Workers' 
Commission denied that work- 
ers were involved. A second 
bomb, near the Se tubal Post 
Office, destroyed five more 

In the agrarian reform cen- 
tre of Evora, bombs extensive- 
ly damaged the house of the 
Count of Atalaia and the 

property of a cattleman. The 
attacks were thought to be 
related to a meeting of farm 
workers which had just ended. 

The Government aims to 
modify the reform law. which 
allowed farm workers to form 
co-operatives after the 1974 
revolution when hundreds of 
thousands of acres were con- 
fiscated from absentee 

Police said the bombings 
bad the stamp of the FP25 
guerrilla group, which has 
claimed responsibility for at 
least three dozen attacks since 
the beginning of last year. 

In spite of the fact that 45 of 
their members, along with the 
former revolutionary hero, Se- 
nhor Otelo Saraiva — accused 
of being their leader — have 
been on trial in Lisbon for 
more than 18 months, they 
have been responsible for the 
deaths of industrialists and 
National Republican Guards- 
men and for countless bank 
robberies and bombings. 

Hong Kong 
this month 

Hong Kong (Reuter) — Chi- 
nese and British officials will 
hold a fourth round of talks in 
London next week on Hong 
Kong's future, the colony's 
Government said yesterday. 

It said the Jomt Liaison 
Group, a Sino-British body set 
up to ease the transfer of 
power in the colony from Bri- 
tain to China in 1997, will 
meet from July 22 to 25. 

Mr David Wilson, assistant 
Under-Secretary of Stale, will 
head the British delegation 
while the Chinese side will be 
led by Mr Ke Zaishuo. 

The Government did not 
give details of the discussions 
but a list of delegates showed 
technical specialists on immi- 
gration, economics and securi- 
ty would attend. 

Hong Kong reverts to Chi- 
nese rule in 1997 but retains a 
high degree of autonomy. 

Mrs Thatcher welcoming Mr Eduard Shevardnadze, die Soviet Foreign Minister, For 
discussions at 10 Downing Street yesterday. 

King Fahd pleads for 
agreement on oil 

Bahrain (Reuter) — King 
Fahd of Saudi Arabia yester- 
day urged an end to the crisis 
in the world oil market, saying 
there could be no rise in 
petroleum prices unless Opec 
reached agreement on quotas 
and output 

“1 have urged the Oil Minis- 
ter (Sheikh Ahmed Zaki Ya- 
mani) to bring an end to what 
is happening at Opec's next 
meeting," King Fahd was 
quoted by the official Saudi 
Press Agency as telling a 
Cabinet meeting. 

“There is no solution 

We canno t achieve our aims 

of propping up prices unless 
Opec states agree ou output 

and production quotas 

This situation where each 
does what it wants is harmful 
"he added. 

The 13-member Organiza- 
tion of Petroleum Exporting 
Countries has set July 28 as 
the date for its next meeting. 

Opec met in Yugoslavia last 
month and decided by a nine- 
to-fbur majority to set a price 
market of $17 to $19 a barrel 
and an annual rating of 17.6 
million barrels per day against 
output of about 19 million at 

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| To: Dept. FHX, Abbey’ National Building Society, FREEPOST, 201 Grafton Gate East, 

I/We enclose a cheque for <£. 

jo be invested in a Higher Interest 

Account at mv/our local branch in. 

| Please send me full details and an application card. IAKfe understand the rate may vary, 
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Full namet s) MrAlrs/Miss. 



r 6. 

Signal u refs'! 




to protest 

From John Carlin 
Mexico City 

The ruling' Institutional 
Revolutionary Party (PRI) 
was -yesterday preparing to 
claim a landslide victory in 
the Chihuahua state elections, 
while the opposition- was plan- 
ning a prolonged campaign of 
civil disobedience. 

Eight days alter polling it 
seemed certain the PRI candi- 
date for governor, Senor Fer- 
nando Baeza, would be 
announced the winner over 
the National Action Party. 
(Pan)' candidate, Senor Fran- 
cisco Barrio, by a 2-1 margin. 

Amid sustained and wide- 
spread allegations of massive 
election fraud, the Roman 
Catholic Church has broken 
all precedent by urging pro- 
tests against the Govern- 
ment's "abuse of power". . 

Pan is p lanning demonstra- 
tions this week in Chihuahua's 
two biggest cities, the state 
capital (also called . Chflma- 
hua) and Ciudad JuArez. 

In the town of fttrral'a van 
was overturned and. burnt by 
Ran supporters on Sunday 
with troops reportedly making 
four arrests. A group of about 
700 women marched through 
Chihuahua in the evening. 

beef puts 



Brussels (Reuter) — Stocks 
of unwanted beef flooding into 
the European Community’s 
storehouses have reached new 
crisis levels, underlining the 
urgent need for extensive re- 
form of the- sectm; . officials 
said yesterday. . . .. * r .- 

.- EEC ^ministers ware told at 
the start of a two-day meeting 
that more than 1 1,000 tonnes 
of beef a week were going into 
cold stores at high guaranteed 
prices, further straining the 
EEC’s rickety finances. 

A European Commission 
spokesman told reporters that 
more than 220,000 tonnes of 
beef bad been bought in since 
January 1 — an increase of 
more than 50 per cent on the 
same period last year and 
close to a budgeted ceiling of 
300000 for the entire year. 

The sales took place during 
a period of relatively high 
exports and pus bed'll p total 
stocks to 750,000 tonnes. Stor- 
age costs alone drain the 
EECs coffers by some $240 
million (£r56 million) a year, 

The ministers were bol 
their first full discussion 
proposals from the European 
Commission for a radical 
scaling down of support pay- 
ments. Diplomats said there 
was deep disagreement among 
the 12 over what to do. EEC 
farmers can at present sell into 
so-called intervention at fixed 
prices when : they find no 
market outlets. 

The scheme. is designed to 
act as a safety net, but recently 
market prices have dropped 
dramatically due to a world 
glut and fermers have tended 
to rely primarily on the sup- 
port mechanism. 

The Netherlands and Brit- 
ain broadly accept moves to f 
limit tire period of interven- 
tion severely- Other countries, 
led by Ireland and France, 
would prefer bringing support 
payments more in line with 
market prices, coupled with 
compensation payments for 
those worst affected 

The issue will be referred to 
experts for further discussion 
pending a final decision by 
ministers later tins year.. * 

The ministers -also; dis- 
cussed new controversial 
structural plans to reduce food 
surpluses by paying formers to 
take land outof production; or 
if they undertake to use it for 
notHttricultural purposes, / 

‘Diplomats said severafmin-* 
isters had reservations bver 
die schemes, which are sup- 
ported by environmentalists. 

Manila rescue bid 
for seized nuns 

Manila (Reuter) — The 
military yesterday launched a 
large operation in the southern 
Philippines to resale 10 Ro- 
man Catholic mms and an 
ican missionary kid- 
d at the weekend as 


A military spokesman said 


acted the 

i hillside convent .and a 
rotestant missionary, Mr 
rian Lawrence. 

“I do not know what the 
eople behind these 
to accom- 

“We wiH not 

mu," Mrs 

to wake a 
their tires. I 

Witnesses said that about 

and took titan to 
about six miles 

Another group of armed 

car. They 

hid in a cupboard, a military 
spokesman said. 

Brigadier General Pedro 
Balbanero, deputy chief of the 
armed forces' southern com- 
mand, said the mms' kidnap- 
pers were believed to be from a 

Mrs Aquino: bogeful of safe 
rescue for victims, 
faction of the secessionist 
Mom National Liberation 
Front, but it was not dear who 
had abducted Mr Lawrence, a 
Baptist from Madison in 

The kidnappers could be 
followers of a political baron 
linked to .the . kidnapping in 
Jane of a French Roman 
Catholic priest, who was re- 
leased unharmed after three 
weeks in captivity, he added. 

Military and government 
officials, assisted by MnsKm 
leaders, have been trying to 
contact leaders , iff an armed 
group known as the 
“Barracudas", which was sns- ' 
peered of involvement in the 
kidnapping of Mr Lawrence. 

The Catholic Bishops Con- 
ference of the Philippines has 
named Bishop Fernando 
Capalla as head of the team to 
negotiate with the kidnappers. 

The Defence Minister, Mr 
Juan Ponce Enrfle, has ap- 
pealed to the kidnappers to 
release Mr Lawrence and the 
nans, and said be wonkf go to 
MarawL SOO miles south-east 
of Manila, if his presence 
there wonld help local 

Pope calls on Church t; 
to support Aquino 

Fran Peter Nichols, Rome 

The Pope, in a letter to the 
bishops of the Philippines 
published in the Vatican, calls 
on them to support the post- 
Marcos Government of Presi- 
dent Aquino while recalling 
that the Church's role must 
remain spiritual and refrain 
from politics. 

He told the bishops that the 
Church's- preferential option 
for the poor should be one of 
the principal lines of action in 
their ministries. 

"Such service, nevertheless, 
should be part of the Church's 
mission, which is not of a 
temporal social, political or 

economic nature, but spiritual 
and religious. 

“This means the Church is 
not called to take political 
decisions or choose sides in 
conflict, but to give with its 
spiritual strength its contribu- 
tion to society to build and*, 
consolidate the human c omm ./ ' 
unity." . 

«r At i&S mC 0f A e «P“Ision 
of President Marcos, the 
Church in the Philippine 
P&yed a crucial role.- Ai -the . 
Vatican. the letter is internet- » 

ed as a reminder fay the Pope ? 


a rescue! 
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# ☆ * 'ft i 

! K 

President promises poll 
as Dhaka opposition 
boycotts House debates 

President Erehad of Bangla- 
desh yesterday said he would 
hold presidential polls by the 
first half of October this year 
as the country's opposition 
parties boycotted Parliament 
for the second day demanding 
an end to martial law — which 
has been in force for more 
than four years. 

President Ershad said he 
bad asked the election com- 
mission to fix a timetable for 
the country’s third presiden- 
tial poll in less then seven 
years. He said he would be a 
candidate after giving up his 
job as Army chief and that he 

From Ahmed Fazi, Dhaka 

would keep martial law until 
after the election. 

Sheikh Hasina Wazed, chief 
of Awami League, the largest 
opposition group in the Parlia- 
ment. said the opposition 
would continue its boycott un- 
less the Government ordered 
all soldiers back to their bar- 

As Sheikh Hasina went into 
a closed-door meeting with 
more than 100 opposition 
members in her office inside 
the Parliament House, pro- 
Govemment members be- 
longing to the Jatiyo Party ac- 
cused her of treason for an- 

nouncing a “parallel" parlia- 
ment last Thursday. 

Sheikh Hasina held a ses- 
sion of her “parliament" out- 
side the main entrance of the 
Parliament House in North 

“We cannot take part in a 
farce where the Parliament 
and martial law are made to 
run together,” Sheikh Hasina 

The Prime Minister. Mr 
Mizanur Rahman Chowd- 
hury, said he had talks with 
Sheikh Hasina on the question 
of opposition participation in 
the Parliament, but he did not 
disclose the results of the talks. 

Ershad co-operation pledge 

From Martha Honey 
SairJose, Costa Ska 

ABriton accused of bein^ a 
mercenary; .Peter. Frederick 
' 25, one of five 

awaiting trial here, has been 
requested after an American 
farmer, Mr John /Hull, with- 
drew his baiL 

■ Mr Hull, who two months 
ago posted 50,000 cokmes 
(£666) each for the mercenar- 
ies, said in a .telephone inter- 
view that be had information 
that Mr Glibbery planned to. 
leave the country before his 

Delhi (Reuter) - President 
■Ershad of Bangladesh said 
yesterday he would seek to 
expand co-operation among 
Sooth Asian nations during 
his three-day visit to India. 

President Ershad, current 
chairman of the seven-nation 
South Asian Association for 
Regional Cooperation 
(SAARCX said on arrival at 
Delhi airport that several 

steps had already been taken 
to increase co-operation.“It is 
now time to strengthen 
SAARC" he added. 

Officials said President 
Ershad was due to meet the 
Indian Prime Minister, Mr 
Rajiv Gandhi, later yesterday 

The two countries differ 
over Indian support for 

the tribal insurgency in 
Bangladesh's Chittagong Hill 

Gujarat riot toll at 50 

Ahmedabad (Reuter) — Po- 
lice opened fire yesterday on 
crowds setting fire to shops on 
the sixth day of Hindu-Mus- 
lim rioting in which victims 
have been burnt alive and 
tossed from hospital windows. 

Police said fee death toll* 
was at least 50 in violence 
across Gujarat state since 

Forty of these came in an 
explosion of religious passion 
in Ahmedabad, where seven 
M uslims were burnt to death 
by mobs at the weekend. 

A curfew was briefly relaxed 

to allow women and children 
to buy food in the debris- 
littered streets of the ancient 
walled quarter where the fight- 
ing first broke out. 

More than 150 people have 
been injuraf in the dashes and 
more than 700 rioters arrest- 
ed. A 10,500-man security 
force was reinforced by 500 
troops of the Border Security 

Doctors at three camps for 
more than 3,000 Muslims who 
fled the violence feared a 
cholera epidemic unless the 
refugees were inoculated. 

Tracts, a border fence India is 
building in north-eastern As- 
sam state, and sharing the 
waters of the Gauges River. 

President Ershad ends his 
trip on Wednesday after a visit 
to the tomb of a Sufi saint; 
Khwaja Mohin addin Chishtf, 
in Ajmer in the western desert 
state of Rajasthan. 

He will visit Pakistan. later 
this month 

Mother Teresa 
visits sisters 
in East Berlin 

Berlin (AP) — Mother Tere- 
sa visited the sisters of her 
Missionaries of Charity order 
in East Berlin yesterday and 
said “we leave our doors open , 
to everyone". , 

She arrived from West Ger- 
many, where on Sunday she 
met Chancellor Kohl at his 
home and joined a prayer 
march organized by an anti- 
abortion group. She leaves 
today for Athens to open a 
new branch of the order. 

President Ershad of Bangladesh, left, being greeted by the Prime Minister, Mr R^pr Gandhi, and his wife Sonia, 
right, when h e arrived in Delhi yesterday at the start of his three-day state visit 

Eight die 39 killed in Tamil clashes 

m hnrri Pf Colombo (AP) - As many as that soldiers set 15 village 

KFlMUd 39 people, most members of homes and 20 shops on fire. as m< x* er * te Tamil leadere 

1 _ 1 • the Tamil minority, were re- The ministry also reported a opened peace ta lks with iresa- 

Dommn? ported killed yesterday in second huge battle on Sunday de!|^ayewmdene Colombo 

renewed fighting in Sri lania. south-east of Mannar, in on Sunday. Re two ss Jes are 
Islamabad - At least eight The National Security Min- which it claimed kffling two dtscnssmg a government peace ■ 

Afghan refugees were kilted jstry said in a conununiqQe "terrori st s " , proposal offering to great 

^ that six soldiers and l8 Tamil ^ Cimmjia M fa e ‘said fee autonomy to 

ley detonated a land mme separatists were slam m day- was at EUlmochdu, a TjUMte - 

about 25 miles from long heavy figltmg m Snaky strategic town on the highway Five leading guerrilla 

Puncher nwr the i^hmu- n ear the i Mrth-westeni coastal Colombo wife the groups are frying to force fee 

°. n Sunday town of Mannar . rebd stronghold of Jaffim, Government to grant an inde- 

(Hasan Akhtar writes). The Liberation Tigers of -l.. Army patrol came - m Anii tufa MiM 

***** The sSSify ibices have 

48 hours of another Watf in official account, saying 30 patrol returned the fire, kffling frequently responded to Tamil 

agency ***** kflkd TsumI a¥ll ™ni? d - * e T l said. Rebels made no guerrilla attacks wife bloody 

* troops were killed m the comment an fee reprisals against Tamil' 

Pakistani authorities blame Mannar battles. It claimed SBfMent. civilians. * 

secret service agents from seven of its fighters were sported modem. ^ ' . . . 

Kabul fur fee bombings. Ro wounded but that mme had Insurgent groups and fee Tanaffi toderate teadr 

ports from North West Fron- died. adminis tration frequently give era* exited m fee sorasaesm 

tier Province say there is panic Mr Anton Ralaynghain, . exaggerated and one-sided ao- Indian ffly w Madias, were 

among the population. exiled spokesman of the It- counts of the civil war in Sri persuaded to reopen; peace 

Mr Shakeel Durrani, Com- gers, said the 20 Tamil Hindus Lanka. These arawnfs are n^ot iatiins by India, ™«a» is 
missioner of Kohat Division, . and 10 Muslims were difficnlt to verify because of frying to mediate an en - - the. 
said fee tractar-troDey hit an "massacred” by the Army, disrupted communications and three-year Sn Lankan crisis, 
anti-tank mine planted by which raided a village in government restrictions on m wa ™ 'tmm %000 

saboteurs. search of rebels. He daited travel to fronMed areas. peoi»e have dies. 

Colombo (AP) - As many as 
39 people, most members of 
fee Tamil minority, were re- 
ported killed yesterday in 
renewed fighting in Sri Lanka. 

The National Security Min- 
istry said in a coaununiqne 
feat six soldiers and 18 Tamil 
separatists were dam in day- 
long heavy fighting on Sunday 
near fee north-western coastal 
town of Mannar. 

The Liberation Tigers of 
Tamil Edam challenged fee 
official account, saying 30 
T amil civilians and seven 
troops were lolled in the 
Mannar battles. It claimed 

seven of its fighters were 
wounded but that none had 

Mr Anton Balayngham, . 
exiled spokesman of the Ti- 
gers, said the 20 Tamil Hindus 
and 10 Muslims were 
"massacred” by the Army, 
which, raided a village in 
search of rebels. He claimed 

that soldiers set 15 village 
homes and 20 shops on fire. 

The ministry also reported a 
second large battle on Sunday 
south-east of Mannar, in 
which it killing two 

"terrori st s " . 

The communique said fee 

fig hting ms at K3 GhimMu< a 
strategic town on fee highway 
Knlring Colombo wife the 
rebel stronghold of Jaffna, 
when an Army patrol came 
nndw guerrilla gunfire. Tie 
patrol returned fee fire, kffling 
two; it said. Rebels made no 
imnwHqfy comment on fee 
reported incident. 

In su rg en t groups and fee 
administration frequently give 
exaggerated and one-sided ac- 
counts of the civil war in Sri 
Tanlca. These accomts are 
difficult to verify because of 
disrupted communications and 
government restrictions on 
travel to troubled areas. 




The latest violence occurred 
as moderate Tamil leaders 
opened peace talks with Presi- 
dent Jayewardene in Colombo 
on Sunday. The two sides are' 
discussing a government peace 1 
proposal offering to grant 
limited regional autonomy to 

Five leading guerrilla 
groups are trying to force the 
Government to grant an inde- 
pendent homeland, to be called 
Eelam. Security forces have 
frequently responded to Tamil 
guerrilla attacks wife bloody 
reprisals against. Tamil 

The Tamil moderate leadr 
ers, exiled in fee southern 
Indian city of Madras, were 
‘persuaded to reopen peace 
negotiations by India, which is 
trying to mediate an end to the. 
three-year Sri Lankan crisis, 
in which more than 4,000 
people have died. 

Space epic 
to return 

Moscow (Reuter) — Soviet 
cosmonauts Leonid Krtirn 
and Vladimir Solovyov win 
return to Earth on July 16 
after four months in space. 

Commander Kizun, aged 
■ 44, and engineer Solovyov, 39, 
[Masted into space on March 
1 13. They were the first men to 
i work aboard fee new orbital 
space station Mir before trans- 
ferring on May 6 to the 
Salyut 7 station. • 

j After seven weeks on the 
older station, they took their 
“space taxi”, fee Soyuz T 15 
spacecraft, back to Mir along 
wife advanced equipment 
from Salyut 7. 

The two cosmonauts set a 
space endurance record of 238 
days aboard Salyut 7 wife. 
.Oleg Atkov in 1984. 

Mr . Carr said m a telephone 
interview from Florida that he 
had been “pressured”* and 
“assisted” by the US Embassy 
here to leave the country 

rather than testify. . 

Mr Glibbery tesified about 
Mr Hull’s activities in fee 
trial, which was won by fee 
journalists. Mr Glibbery says 
he was urged by associates of 
Mr Hull not totestifyAbut that 
he is determined “to tell the 

He says he has no plans to 
leave Costa Rica before his 
trail and is' willing, if sub 
poenaed, to testify before US 
congressional committees 
which are investigating allega- 
tions of Contra wrong doings. 

Mr Gtibbery is being hektin 
a . local jail outside San Jos6 
awaiting a judge's decision on 
whether to again allow him 
out on bail 

... i ; * ■ 



.. . ' - ’V ,* . . ' < " 

> ’* i," ' •' ‘ . r *• . 


A m 



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secret serrice .pperations.Tbe 
second party congress In 1951 
re-appointed Mm sea&aiy- 

Throitthoot these early 
years, Mr Truong Chiuh was 
leader of the Maoist faction 
within fee party, and was me 
of fee principal architects of 




Fifty years ago this week, Spain’s civil war began, as.did the double life of Kim Philby, 

■ /» /• ■ -■ 

i ... i ' - war fnr “ 

The spy in 

write . . 

The Spanish Civil War, the poet Cecil Day Lewis proclaimed, 
was M a battle of light against darkness. 11 It was also, in more 
than one sense of a term invented for later conflicts like Viet- 
nam, a “media war”. Famous, brilliant, quixotic, eccentric and 
— sometimes — partisan writers were attracted from all over 
the West. Some came to fight and stayed to write, others came 
to write and stayed to fight. The Times coverage of the war 
caused trouble in high places for the then editor, Geoffrey 
Dawson, and it featured the work of Harold (Kim) Philby, al- 
ready — as it transpired — a Russian spy and the man who was 
to emerge much later as the third man in the Burgess and 
Maclean affair. By contrast, George Steer's account in The 
Times of the air raid on Guernica by the Hitler's Condor Le- 
gion in 1937 (to be reprinted tomorrow) stands as a tour de 
force of on-the-spot reporting in a war zone. Steer, aged 28 at 
the time, was a South African who had been educated in En- 
gland. He died with WavejU's forces in Burma in 1944. 

Ernest de Caux was The Times correspondent in Madrid. 
Born in Ireland of French stock, he was in the great tradition 
of dedicated, painstaking reporters who sought the troth and 
reported it whatever his personal sympathies. Hngh Thomas, 
in his history’ of the civil war, singled ont de Caux as “excep- 
tionally well-informed” — aided no doubt by such informants 
as Queen Victoria Eugenia, a grand-daughter of Queen 
Victoria and wife of Spain's King Alfonso XUX, with whom de 
Caux used to take tea. He covered Spain from 1910 until the 
Republicans retreated across the Pyrenees in 1939. He stayed 
in Spain and died in Madrid in 1960. Kim Philby, malting no 
pretence of impartiality, took over coverage of the Nationalist 
cause for The Times in 1937 from James Holburn, who had 
been sent from Berlin and had consistently angered the 
Nationalists. Philby's description of Franco's entry into 
Barcelona two years later brought protests from the Spanish 
embassy in London that The Times had carried “falsehoods 
and propaganda”. Both Franco's side and the Republicans 
spent a lot of money on propaganda and on manipulating the 
correspondents. Both, too, feared that journalists were spies, 
to the point that in 1938 the Nationalists said that any cap- 
tured journalist should be treated as a spy. So it was a su- 
preme irony that the triumphant Franco should award Philby, 
the master-spy. Spam's Cross of Military Merit in 1938. 

Richard Wigg, Madrid Correspondent 

I t was not until August 5, 
1936, nearly three weeks 
after the outbreak of war, 
that The Times was able to 
carry the first uncensored 
report from Madrid. Headlined 
“The Tragedy of Spain”, it was a 
passionate, detailed account, deal- 
ing with the dramatic events of 
Saturday, July 18: 

At midnight on Saturday, armed 
Marxists began to appear. By 
Sunday morning every street was 
being patrolled and all passers-by 
were rigorously though politely 
searched. The police had almost 
disappeared and soon the patrols 
were being sniped from the roof- 
tops. The Union Miliiar EspaAola 
and the Fascists had their guerril- 
las ready. Some desperadoes, 
dashing through the streets in 
motor cars firing bursts of auto- 
malic pistols at the patrols, showed 
that the enemy war within the 
gates, and there was an ominous 
silence within barrack walls. The 
Marxist militia fought back, and 
Madrid's tragedy opened. 

The hunting down of snipers and 
assassins in cars began. A squad cf 
four were burnt in their car. Bigger 
bonfires followed On Sunday 
night the first fires of burning 
convents and churches rose high 
into the clear Castilian night. 

In line with the policy of anonym- 

ity in those days, the credit “From 
Our Special Correspondent” con- 
cealed the identity of Ernest de 
Caux. When that despatch ap- 
peared he had just celebrated Ins 
57th birthday and had been living 
in Spain since the early years of 

Bom. in Dublin and educated in 
France, at the Sorbonne and the 
University of Rennes, he devel- 
oped a love for Spanish language 
and culture and worked at the 
British Consulate in Madrid be- 
forejoining the staff of The Times 
in 1910. With interruptions from 
the two world wars — in the first he 
won the Military Medal for gal- 
lantry — he lived in his adopted 
country for more than 50 years. 

For a man so attached to Spain, 
the civil war represented a deeply 
painful episode. This comes 
through in the early sentences of 
his August 2 despatch: 

Should the revolt [of the army 
under General Franco] triumph — 
and viewed from Madrid it cannot 
win without foreign intervention — 
a Fascist regime would be the 
result, against which rebellion 
would continue until drowned in 

Should the sedition be sup- 
pressed (and that will certainly be a 
long business) the Liberal Republic 
of 1931 must perish in the process. 



v.: sst 

The long 

to power crowds watch the arrival, above, of General Franco's infantry troops in Barcelona's Plaza de Catnlnfia 

















«tlM ! U l P 























Blast of irony. Kim PhQby, his head bandaged after a Russian shell had blown 
np his car. Left first uncensored report in The Times August 5, 1936 

Two extremes are at each other's 
throats. One must succumb. 

Later that month, in a letter to 
Ralph Deakin, the Imperial and 
Foreign News Editor of The Times 
in London, de Caux wrote: “Spain 
is drifting into Bolchevist (sic) 
hands amidst bloodshed that can 
hardly have been equalled ... in 
.Russia itself’. 

Meanwhile de Caux's job was 
being made difficult by censor- 
ship. “We foreign journalists”, he 
wrote to Deakin on August 14, 
“sometimes wonder if it’s much 
use staying on. The censorship 
strangles us. We have protested, 
individually and collectively, in 
vain . . . comment, even the most 
objective and cautious, is pitilessly 

But he stuck to his task, often 
crossing the border into France to 
file his despatches free of interfer- 
ence. His favourite base was the 
French spa town of Biarritz. 
Within Spain, he often had to 
resort to unorthodox means of 
sending letters or reports; his 
obituary records that “he had a 
high opinion of a pair of soiled’ 
socks as a bearer of tidings”. 

While de Caux continued to 
provide overall coverage of the 
war, other correspondents were 
appointed to more specialist areas, 
particularly to cover the National- 

ist side. One, James Holburn, was 
in Spain from February to June 
1937, when he returned to his 
regular station in Berlin and was 
replaced by the 25-year-old Har- 
old Adrian Russell “Kim” Philby. 

The son of a famous explorer, 
Philby had been in Spain since 
early in 1937, sending articles to 
The Times. on spec, as a freelance 
journalist The relationship was 
put on a more formal basis from 
May 24. when he was appointed 
Sperial Correspondent in Spain at 
“an inclusive remuneration of two 
guineas a day . . . and necessary 
incidental expenses”. 

On June 15 de Caux wrote to 
Deakin: “I have met Philby. 
Holburn brought hifn to lunch on 
Saturday and we had a long talk 
afterwards. You have got an 
exceptionally promising young 
fellow ...” 

Philby’s employers were not to 
know that covering the Spanish 
Civil War from the Franco side for 
an Establishment newspaper was 
perfect cover for a Soviet spy. 
Philby had become a committed 
Communist after coming down 
from Cambridge in 1933 and 
watching workers’ flats being de- 
stroyed by fascist shells in Vienna. 
In the following year, he was 
recruited by Soviet intelligence 
and in 1934 and 1935 went to 
Spain on trips probably paid for by 
the Russians. 

As a war correspondent Philby 
had to lead a double life. While his 
ideological commitment was to 
the Republican cause (which for a 
time was backed by- Russian 
arms), he maintained the public 
stance of appearing favourable to 
Franco. His despatch of August 
26. 1937 is a classic exercise in 
thinking one thing and writing 

Santander fell to the Nationalists 
today, and troops of the Legionary 
Division of the Twentieth of March 
entered the city in triumph. Its 
columns, headed by a young 
general on a chestnut horse, were 
followed by a detachment of 
Spanish cavalry, and part of the 
column war formed of captured 
militiamen, who added a Roman 
flavour to the triumph. The enthu- 
siasm of the populace lining the 
streets was unmistakably genuine. 

and the troops found difficulty in 
keeping ranks. 

By the end of 1937 Philby was 
based, along with other correspon- 
dents covering the Franco ad- 
vance. at Saragossa. It was from 
there, on New Year's Eve, that a 
fleet of cars carrying journalists set 
off for the walled town of Tereul, 
against which Franco had mount- 
ed an offensive to relieve a 
besieged Nationalist garrison. 

The cars slopped in Caude, a 

small village a few miles from 
Tereul, waiting for a vehicle which 
had lagged behind. After wander- 
ing around the village, the journal- 
ists returned to their cars to shelter, 
against the extreme cold. Philby 
was sitting in a car with Richard 
Sheepshanks of Reuter's and two 
Americans, Edward Neil and 
Bradish Johnson. - __ 

“The party was smoklng-m an 
effort to drive up the 
temperature” Philby recorded in 
The Times, when a shell landed 
near the radiator and riddled the 
car with shrapnel Johnson was 
killed immediately and Sheep- 
shanks- died in hospital that 
evening without regaining 

“Mr Neil”, Philby wrote, “was 
fully conscious when taken to a 
first-aid station . . - and showed 
concern about the fate of his 
typewriter. His leg was fractured 
in two places; and later 35 pieces 
of shrapnel were taken from it" 
He was operated on in Saragossa, 
but gangrene set in and be died 
two days later. 

Philby had a miraculous escape, 
suffering only light head and wrist 
injuries and shock, and was able to 
walk from the car to a first-aid 
station where his wounds were 
dressed. The irony of the incident, 
which could not be appreciated at 
the time, was that the shell was 

Franco’s award of.the.Red Cross 
of Military Merit to Philby led to 
an angry question in the House of 
Commons from the Communist 
MP. Willie Gallagher, about 
whether “Mr Philpot” had been 
authorized to receive the decora- 
tion. R. A. Butler, answering.'far 
the Prime Minister, 'repfa'ei^bai 
official authority Had beetr * 
sought nor given.. -j 
. Meanwhile, in another 
London, de Caux wroietf' 
a careful worker with tire _____ 
of a brilliant corresponded 
am not mistaken; quite apaft’ 
his charming persona) qt ' 

A few months JaterPhilby , — 
the fete of many a newspaper 
correspondent in having his ex- 
penses queried. He denied 'any 
“discrepancies”, complained -that 
hotel receipts had bed confiscat- 
ed at the frontier and said he had 
“lost a considerable amount- of 
personal property, including anew 
dinner jacket and a norieUbo 
ancient tailcoat, both of. which 
disappeared with an .unknown 
room companion who has_nevrr 
been heard of since”. 

Drawing on his by now'wefl. 
rehearsed enthusiasm for Nation- 
alist victories, Philby reported' on 
January 26, 1939: 

Amid scenes of great enthusiasm 
General Franco’s troops erifaed 
Barcelona today. - War-staftted 
units cf the Army . Corjfrf of 
Morocco and Navarre, weary , but 
triumphant, were met in the greets 
by huge crowds .;. ..Yaur 
Correspondent 's car. which msthe 
first to cruise down the gfeat 
* Diagonal ' and enter the Plaza de 
CataiuAa. was surrounded' ,.by 
crowds of madly excited people 
who with red ana gold bunting in 
their hands mounted the m ud- 
guards. footboards, and bonnet, 
cheering with arms upraised. Peo- 
ple seemed tom between hysterical 
abandon and disbelief. 

The end of the war was not far 
away. In February de Caux wrote 
to Deakin: “It can now only be a 
question of months for Franco to 
be recognized ’*. Speculating bit his/* 
own fixture, de Caux suggestecF 1 
that Franco would probably, not 
allow, him to return to Madrid 
when government was re-installed 
in the capital. “He, or rather his 
police, will not favour a corre- 
spondent with so many contacts. 
They will naturally prefer a 
greener bird and Philby is already 
persona grata". 

Madrid fell to Franco’s, forces 
on March 28, signalling the end of 
the war. Deakin wrote to de Caux 
that “Philby has done very well in 
the face of great difficulties, and is 
a first-class writer”. But there tfere 
reservations. ; “Several of his mes- 
sages have been marredbecause 
they- have reproduced - the/ 
Nationalist's extremely offensivr| 
attitude towards this country, 
ywtlmut_showing^ -certain -aware- 
ness that fie knew different.” 

De Caux dkl Madrid, 
but when the Germans invaded 
France in 1940 he was working in 
the Paris office of The Times. 
Forced to escape, he made for ! 
Biarritz but was put under deten- : 
lion by the Germans and ordered ; 
to live in the Vichy Government : 
area near Pau. He went back to 
Spain after the war and in 1960 ' 
died in Madrid at the age of 80. 

As for Philby, he was appointed 
a correspondent for The Times ■ 
with the British Expeditiooaiy 
Forces during the early part of the [ 
Second World War and started his 
life as a double agent by rising 
through the ranks of British 
intelligence. In 1 963 he defected to ' 
the Soviet Union, where he stiB- 

kves. pete,- Waymark 


The bombshell that 1 
was Guernica i .... 



I Me (6) 

5 London cafe quarter 

8 Female ruff (5) 

9 Progressive growth 

II Carpet lining (8) 

13 Extinct Mauritius 
bird (4) 

15 Bureaucrat 113} 

17 Death notice (4) 

18 Inexpensive (8) 

21 Breathing space (7) 

22 Oz (5) 

23 Tangle (4) 

24 Screecher(6) 


2 Give way (5) 

3 Female sheep (3) 

4 1 884 socialist group 

5 Leave in haste (4) 

6 Refuge (7) 

7 Courtly love poet 16 Dresden china centre 
(10) (7) 

10 Drawn out (10) 19 Ground meat (5) 

12 Cheese skin (4) 20 Clenched band (4) 

24 Steam presser (4) 22 wise bird (3) 


ACROSS: 1 Scalp 4 Solaria 8 Group 9 Infidel 10 Autonomy tl 
Jazz 13 Vinaigrette 17 With 18 Badinage 21 Prudish 22 Adage 23 
Swdier 24 Emery 

DOWN: t Signal 2 About 3Popinay 4 Seismograpber 5 Luff 6 
Radiant 7Abiazc 12 Decimate 14 Intrude 15 Swipes 16 Heresy 19 
Aware 20 Wilt 

Alsace and 
heaven too! 

It's not just the superb cuisine of Jean Schillings; 
one of the finest chefs in Alsace. 

Or the specially selected wines from five of the 
finest houses in Alsace. 

Above all, its the exciting ambience and faultless 
service of one of the finest restaurants in London. 
AU. this, at the Minibeile. 


Spinning along in the steps of the silk traders 

Four undergraduates 
set off today on a 
9,000-mile journey 
along the legendary 
Chinese Silk Road 

Cameron O’Reilly is Irish, but 
his accent is American. He 
win have to disguise this 
distinctive twang when he 
leads the Oxford Silk Road 
Expedition through Iran on its 
way to China and the ancient 
“silk metropolis” of Xi’an. 
But then, accents are the sort 
of thing you have to think 
about when planning an expe- 
dition in these politicaUy- 
sensiu've times. They take 
their place in a list including 
bad roads, bandits, poor 
maps, obstructive officials 
and sandstorms that are more 
like rock storms. 

The four-man party plans to 
retrace the old Silk Road, 
which brought goods and 
ideas from East to West and 
vice versa, a journey of nearly 
9,000 miles which it has been 
impossible to make since the 
early 1920s. Indeed, it may 
never have been made in its 
entirety, even in its heyday 
during the Tang Dynasty (AD 
6 1 8-907). It is not even certain 
that Marco Polo made a 
complete journey. Some 
scholars now think he may 
have relied partly on guide 

The Silk Road carried much 
more than silk from the East 
Along it travelled an extraor- 
dinary mixture of cultural 
influences — Buddhist, Chris* 

Wheeis for the silk road: from left, Justin RnsWmooke, 
Tim Marshall, Matthew Leaning, Cameron O'Reilly 

tian, Greek and Roman. One 
result was the rise and fall of a 
cosmopolitan civilization 
along the route, and with it the 
production of a cornucopia of 
art treasures. 

From the 1 890s to the 1 920s 
these were pillaged by western 
explorers on a staggering scale 
- huge quantities of priceless 
manuscripts, in particular, are 
now held by such institutions 
as the British Museum and the 
British Library. This plunder- 
ing led the Chinese to close 
their western border in 1925. 

It may be that the thought of 
all that booty in British hands 
lies somewhere behind the 

Chinese encouragement of the 
Silk Road Expedition. These 
treasures, which include a 
book of Tang Dynasty poems 
claimed to be the world’s 
oldest printed book, could be 
China’s Elgin Marbles. The 
team is keen to generate 
publicity for these treasures 
and the civilization which 
produced them. The journey, 
in fact, has as much to do with 
the recent thawing of Anglo- 
Chinese relations as with the 
enthusiasm of four Oxford 
undergraduates. The expedi- 
tion, whose first leg will take it 
via Venice to Istanbul, will be 
breaking new ground in more 
ways than one. 

Planning has not been easy. 
China alone presented enough 
difficulties, partly because the 
expedition will pass through 
“autonomous regions”, which 
like to live up to their name. 
The China International 
Travel Service sorted things 
out. but that still left the 
problems of travelling through 
Iran — you cannot book 
accommodation or buy an 
Iranian phrase book outside 
the country. These difficulties 
were resolved with the help of 
the team’s “pet man in the 
Iranian Embassy”. 

O'Reilly, the trader, looks 
the part — a big. craggily 
handsome 21-year-old who 

has already explored the Ama- 
zon Basin by motor cycle and 
has been on a Finnish expedi- 
tion into Arctic Lapland. Mat- 
thew teeming is' a theology 
student whose particular in- 
terest is the archeology of the 
Middle East, and Tim Mar- 
shall is a law student photog- 
rapher and journalist Justin 
Rushbrooke is studying 
classics, has also travelled 
widely, including the Austra- 
lian outback. and has a knowl- 
edge of Turki, the chief 
language of Central Asia. 

Sponsorship came from a 
number of companies, but 
chiefly from Toyota. The- ex- 

pedition is . ..travelling/ 
Toyota Land .Cruiser, with a 
couple of motor bites on the 

back fbr' excusions off the 

main route. . 

Encouragement and Ik-JP 
have come .front many indi- 
viduals. in particular Norman 
Stone. Professor of Modern 
History at Oxford, who wfll h® 
editing the book which’ 'tj* 
team aims to -ffroduce 
end of the journey. kfr/ 
planned to be. “a new stjrtfi 9* 
travel book”, which, it * 
hoped will encourage “enligh** 
ened tourism” in'China. 

Nigel Andrew 



FASHION by Suzy Menkes 



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A shapely silhouette, formal tailoring in 
flamboyant fabrics and death to the 
bomber jacket is the men’s fashion story 
from Milan. The shows for next summer 

spell out a new message for menswear — 
fee strongest for 10 years. Out go the broad shoulder, 
puffed out chest and narrow hips. In come shapely suits, 
tailored jackets and soft trousers. The shirt becomes the 
focus of casual clothes. Shine and woven texture in 
checks and stripes are the watchwords in fabric. The 
Italians show fashion as art, flaunt the male body, and 
export 40 million pairs of trousers worldwide a year 


The shirt is out on 
its own — square cut 
like a pypuna jacket, 
rosn d-necked, or with 
bash pockets and 
fancy weaves. Soprani 
showed over-shirts 
in ticking stripes and 
baked earth colours, 
BasOe nsed saffron and 
spice. Byblos 
printed them with the 
packaging of 
Havana cigar boxes. 
Shiny fabrics, using 
a viscose mix, competed 
with more familiar 
finens and cottons at 
Coveri, for shirts 
and lightweight jackets. 
Romeo Gigli's shirts 
came with tong 
romantic sleeves and 
high necks. Verri (Jomo 
had shirts as light 
nylon duster coats. 
Erreono offered 
woven cotton, madras 
and tailored denim. 
Barbaras were zip-np, 
polo-collared or roll- 

TARLAZZTs summer 
canals — tickiag- 
Striped pyjama shirt 
and trousers. 

Sanderson Sale 

July 19-August 2 

Monday-Friday 9 .30am -5 .30pm. Saturday 9.00am-5.30pm 

Fabrics, Wallpapers, Bedfinen, 

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15% off Cotawold, Duresta and Sinclair Melson Furniture 
Large reductions on: 

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Sex, money and art are the pillars 
of Italian men's fashion. Last 
week’s Milan shows put the new 
sculpted, body-conscious tailoring 
on a pedestal — literally, in the case 
of Gianfranco Ferre, whose mod- 
els posed, spotlit, on white col- 
umns like sculptures in a Roman 

Italy’s male fashion is shown not 
on the runway, but in striking still 
life displays. These mix tableaux 
vivants of clean-cut models with 
sculpted metallic mannequins or 
surreal figures made from bent 
wire or coiled springs. Byblos 
recreated a sunlit colonial veran- 
dah; Versace’s models were in 
Indian pavilions in his Renais- 
sance palazzo garden. Missoni 
unreeled 1950s movies as a back- 
drop while Tarlazzi bad a theatre 
with full concert orchestra. 
Soprani put avant-garde painting 
behind his models on stage, opera 
singers in the circle and a string 
quartet in a sunlit courtyard 

The shows become a succession 
of private views, where the fashion 
crowd dress to be seen and create 
an ambience of high style. But the 
art of the Milanese is that they are 
not overwhelmed by their 
presentations or by fashion for its 
own sake. The garments shown are 
modem in cut and spirit, but 


conventional and recognizable. 
Even the most experimental de- 
signers make very commercial 

The result is a big bucks 
business. Italian menswear is the 
most successful part of its clothing 
industry, as the figures prove. 
Exports in 1985 reached £1.3 
billion. Italy exported 41 million 
pairs of trousers and now produces 
annually three times as many as 
England. The UK is Italy’s fourth 
largest export market and we buy 
menswear worth £88 million. 

Great Britain has its own cloth- 
ing export strengths, yet it is 
galling to admit that the fashion- 
able man no longer looks first to 
the home of gentleman’s tailoring. 

The Italian fashion miracle has 
been achieved at great speed. The 
major thrust has come over the 
last 15 years — starting, not quite 
co-inridentally, at the time when 
the Carnaby Street revolution of 
the 1960s had undermined serious 
men’s fashion with gimmicks. 

England's gender-bending of the 
early 1980s is also beginning to 
look like a red herring. Real men 
do not want to wear weird or 
outrageous clothes any more than 
they are likely to wear skirts. In the 


Suits make a bold 
come-back with longer 
fitted jackets, a 
wealth of buttons and 
Inventive fabrics. 
Versace has the 
narrowest lapels, the 
steepest drop, using 
gingham check, slob 
weaves and jersey. 
Romeo Gigli showed 
schoolboy Jackets with 
patch pockets and 
twin vents. The mobster 
sniLcnttohag the 
torso, and made in 

predatory pin 

stripes came from the 
flamboyant Gian 
Marco Venturi. 
Moschino broke np 
formal suits with 
lace hankies and grass 
skirts. The tailored 
jacket is the star 
garment. Fabrics 
make ft new: sharp 
black and white 
check or indigo blue 
from Errenoo; black 

and grey silk brocade 
from Soprani; 
madras checks for 
Missoni's vivid 
blocks of lobster, 
fuchsia, scarlet and 
teal blue. Newcomer 
Ginliano Fqpwara 
used grey. Hack and 
cream; Ferre bolder 
red and black, saffron 
and moss green.. 
High-waist tronsers, 
always pleat-front, 
come in crinkle cotton, 
waffle seersucker, 

check and stripe linen. 
New are soft pyjama 
tronsers, shiny viscose 
mix fabrics and ' 
shorts suits. 

VERSACE'S six-button 
suit with long 
narrow lapels worn 
with high-waist 
tronsers and polo shirt. 

pleat front tines 
tronsers, with single 
breasted blazer and ■ - 
regimental tie. 

wake of the androgynous styles of 
the early 1980s, both sexes are re- 
asserting a physical identity. The 
Italians have always understood 
best the silhouette of macho man, 
and there is a streak of bravura in 
their menswear which looks 
faintly ridiculous to northern 
Europeans. Romeo Gigli’s success 
in Milan is as a gentle counter- 
point to the sexually charged full- 
blooded Latin designs. 

Most Milanese designers are 
able to interpret general fashion 
influences. They are supported by 
fabric companies who respond 
instinctively to fashion innova- 
tion. By the end of the 1980s the 
current menswear exhibition in 
Florence will move to Milan. 

There are no sudden revolutions 
in menswear. Designers can tinker 
with lapel, tie and trouser widths 
as women's hemlines rise and fell. 
The broader shifts of fashion are 
tied to sociological trends. A 
generation weaned on jeans and 
brought up in casual clothes is now 
hungry for jobs. Young men are 
beginning to understand power 
dressing and look towards formal 
clothes that define the male figure 
and status. 

This fashion change requires 
delicate tuning. It is the role of the 
Italians to make a man's suit built 
like a Ferrari rather than a tank. 

■ ■* 

Photographs by 
Harry Kerr 


• The star of ft Bewadubftion 
at the V&A is Levi's SOI 
denim jacket (Rebecca Tyrrel 
writes). Wind your way past 
the costume courts to a bleak 
white hall, filled with blae 
mannequins, all wearing a 
Levi jacket, each one custom- 
ized with individual designer 

Blitz Designer Coflec- 
tion was the idea of the 
magazine's fashion editor Iain 
R. Webb and tile project cul- 
minated last month at a gala 
evening to rase money for The 
Prince's Trust charity. Last 
week at the opening of the 
V & A exhibition some of the 
jackets were auctioned to raise 
money and in October the 
exhibition will be moving to 
New York. 

Ail the jackets axe easily 
recognizable: Zandra 

Rhodes's edged in frilled 
pleated chiffon, and Joseph’s 
with “Joe's Angels” embla- 

zoned across the back. Even 
hat designer Stephen Jones 
managed to manipulate the 
jacket into shape: “I turned 
the pockets into earflaps, a 
whisper of satin is tucked into 
the top cravat-style and, hey 
presto. Biker’s Delight”. 

• Yesterday Denis Healey and 
Jeff Banks opened the One 
Step Ahead exhibition at the 
Natural History Museum. The 
exhibition is organized by 
Hyper-Hyper and shows the 
best of Britain's art and design 
graduate’s work. Look out. for 
the woven wire and silk hats in 
surreal shapes by Alida 
Efstratiou from Middlesex 
Polytechnic and Louis-heeled 
braided and sequinned slippers 
by Sophia Malic from 
Cordwainer’s College. Tex- 
tiles. jewellery, sculpture and 
ceramics are also on display at 
the exhibition, which runs 
until August 3. 

Temple of taste Giorgio Armani in his new Emporio shop and (right) the Armani tailored suit, bold checks oa a metal frame 

Giorgio Armani brought the 
shows to a dose by opening the 
doors of his new Emporio 
shop. This temple ,to his 
ascetic style - built entirely 
from blocks of different wood 
groins, all in steel grey- looks 
&t>m the upstairs gallery like 
the surface of a winter sea. 

“I wanted a slum feat was a 
background to the collection” 
said a suntanned Giorgio. 

Armani's summer collec- 
tion, displayed hi fecks and 
folds round the store, followed 
the shore foe, wife brisk navy 

Seasoned style 

and cream cashmeres fading 
into grey-green herringbone 
weave suits and fee doll greige 
of a distant horizon for nylon 
mare, in linen and rayon 
chambrt. Flashes of hot coral 
against a rock -beige 
colour contrasts to row 
jackets. The sea theme breaks 
into a dear bine for a collec- 
tion of stone-washed denhn 

tailored into trousers, sweat- 
shirts and unstructured 

New fabrics are linen and 
viscose in pole safari colours 
amd wool crepe' for Armani's 
square-cut jackets, straight- 
back or wife twin vents, , and 
soft pleat front trousers, all 
perfectly modern and in exam- 
site taste. 


Giorgio Armani Boutique. 

123 New Bond Street Basfle, 
21 New Bond Street 
Bybios and Soprani, Harvey 
Nichols, Knlghtsbndge. . 
Erreuno, at Uomo Regina, 43- 
44 New Bond Street 
Feire, 37b Brook Street 
and 80 Brampton Road. 
Romeo GtoS, Wssonfand 
Tarlazzi, Browns, 3 South 
Motton Street 
Valentino, 173-174 Staane 
Street Gianni .Versace, 18 
Bond Street W1 and 92 
Brampton Road. 


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Mosley and 

Former MI5 officer Cathy Mass- 
iter, whose claims about the 
organization’s surveillance meth- 
ods formed the basis of a 
controversial 20/20 Vision TV 
documentary last year, is referring 
an article in this month's right- 
wing Salisbury Review to her 
lawyers. In a five-page analysis of 
media attacks on the security 
service, former Foreign Office 
employer Charles Mosley claims 
that Massiter, while still with Mr5. 
wrote a letter of sympathy to 
Michael Bettaney, as he waited in 
custody for trial on a spying charge 
for which he was to receive a 23- 
year-sentence. Mosley claims that 
her letter led to an instruction 
preventing her from seeing sen- 
sitive material. I understand that 
Massiter, who is refusing to com- 
ment on the piece for the time 
being, will not dispute that she 
wrote to Bettaney but insists that 
by then she had already handed in 
her resignation from the service. 
The timing may prove significant: 
later this month CND will seek 
judicial review over alleged illegal 
MI5 monitoring of one of its 
members — one of Miss 
Massiter’s most damaging allega- 
tions on the programme. 

Mounting up 

You may have thought that the 
forces of law and order were 
excused from cost-cutting ex- 
ercises in Mrs Thatcher's Britain. 
Not so. A Scotland Yard team 
headed by Deputy Commissioner 
Peter Imbert is investigating ways 
in which the Metropolitan Police 
can save money. The review, a 
copy of which has come my way, is 
entitled “Nothing Sacred”. It in- 
cludes suggestions for scrapping 
the police band and choir, curtail- 
ing big pornography seizures and 
finding sponsors for police horses 
and dogs. Some items, however, 
turn out to be sacred after alL 

Among proposals listed as “not 
suitable for review” are first-class 
travel for senior officers and riding 
lessons for the very top brass. 

Hamming it off 

The prosecution of East German 
spies Reinhard and Sonja Schulze 
last week did not come cheap. I 
am told that stripping the couple's 
Hounslow home in a fruitless 
search for their secret transmitter 
will cost the taxpayer between 
£12,000 and £1 5.000; the Crown is 
still talking to their landlord about 
compensation. To add insult to 
injury, although East German 
representatives attended the trial 
the couple were given legal aid. If 
the police had struck a lizzie later, 
things might have been different 
Reinhard, a kitchen designer, was 
said to be capable of earning up to 
£50.000 a year. 

Bagging a pair 

Peter Brooke. Treasury minister 
and current president of the EEC 
budget council, seems to have 
been displaying his European 
credentials somewhat over-enthu- 
siastically. He was spotted in 
Strasbourg the other day wearing 
braces in black, yellow and red — 
the colours of the Belgian and 
German flags. Yes. quite right, he 
told me. But they also happen to 
be the colours of Levingion, his 
local cricket team. 


‘Welcome aboard Virgin A dan tic. 
This b your lawyer speaking* 

Mai de mer 

Across the Channel to Boulogne 
yesterday, which was of course the 
Quatorze Juillet. Had I had longer, 
I would have continued to Paris, 
but Boulogne was a perfectly 
appropriate place to be, for it was 
there, in 1789. that many of the 
overthrown Ariszos fled for pas- 
sage to England. While making the 
reverse traverse I learnt that a 
diarist forebear, one S. Pepys, 
disgraced himself after a similar 
crossing. So drunk did he get 
(duty-frees presumably) that he 
slept until woken up by the four 
o'clock gun the following morn- 
ing. This he took to be 8 in the eve- 
ning and (his words not mine), 
mistook the sun rising for the sun 
setting. Plus ea change. 

Chunnel vision 

I, of course, made the crossing in 
the soberest of company —namely 
Shirley Harrison, who has just 
written a timely book on the 
Channel. She reckons that the 
tunnel might never come 3bout 
since many Brits still regard it as 
an open doorway to hordes of 
garlic-ridden foreigners and, how- 
ever keen the politicians, private 
financiers might find something 
better to do with their money. I 

Drugs: no simple answer 

being^explained ml by Griffith Edwards neariy *** 

particularly enjoyed her imagery 
of Mitterrand ana Thatcher as the 

of Mitterrand and Thatcher as the 
obstetrician and midwife of what 
Lord Palmerston described as the 
longest pregnancy in history. 
Loitering with Entente. PHS 

The epidemic growth in drug 
misuse is being explained in a 
variety of ways. In some quarters. - 
it is luridly pictured as being 
caused by smugglers and dealers, 
and we are asked to look no 
further for the true and total 
explanation. As for a sovereign ‘ 
cure, why not just double the last 
sentence passed by the courts? 

An alternative — and attrac- 
tive — view is that addiction is 
caused by moral decline and the 
abandonment of traditional val- 
ues. It is conveniently forgoten 
that Victorian England could 
“boast” an annual per capita rate 
of opium consumption equivalent 
to 120 therapeutic doses of mor- 
phine. together with an appalling 
rate of drunkenness and a fad for 
child prostitution. 

A very different type of explana- 
tion is championed by those who 
find the roots of addiction in the 
conditions of the inner city. The 
graffiti in the lifts and the heroin 
smoked on the back stairways are 
interpreted as manifestations of 
alienation and anomie. Others tell 
us that the roots of addiction lie 
not in the social environment but 
in the person — sociopathy, 
psychopathy, a specific “addict 

Simple answers won't do for 
complex questions, but the 
fashionable answers are often 
significant in their own right as 
revealing the current political 
imperative, the folk devils in 
which we believe, the who or what 
is . to be blamed for the plague, of 
locusts or the heroin death. 

In the USSR and the USA there 
is today an astonishing confluence 
of defensive political interest lead- 
ing to explanations for drug 
addiction and alcoholism couched 

Perhaps the most popular jokes in 
Britain are those told about the 
alleged simplicity of the Irish. 
They are hundreds of years old, 
but new ones are still invented. 
Here’s one of the earliest, which 
could still be told today: 

“An Irish servant was asked by 
his master to bring him a pint of 
claret and a pint of sack. The 
servant poured both into one pot 
and said ‘I prithee master drink off 
the claret first for the sack is all in 
the bottom*." 

The jokes, of the 1980s differ 
mainly in style and snappiness, 
the theme is the same though it 
may well be expressed as a riddle 
rather than a narrative joke: ■ 

“Do you know what happened 
to the Irish jelly-fish? It set. ” 

These jokes have in recent years 
come under fire not so much from 
the Irish, who display a remark- 
able talent for inventing and 
telling them, but from humourless 
progressives who see them as 
“racist”. The GLC even financed 
the publication of a booklet that 
denounced Irish jokes and their ‘ 
tellers as part of an anti-Irish: 
political campaign. On this view 
the recent enhanced popularity of ■ 

Irish jokes is merely a belittling - 
British response to the troubles of 

Ulster, an expression of resent- 
ment against IRA bombing and 
Protestant intransigence. 

The fallacious and indeed near 
paranoid quality of this assess- 
ment can be demonstrated by 
comparing Irish jokes with the 
ethnic or regional jokes about 
stupidity, told in neariy every other 
country: In France and the 
Netherlands similar jokes are told 
about the Belgians, in Germany 
about Ostftieslanders. in Greece 
about Pontians (Black Sea 
Greeks), in Canada about New- 
foundlanders, in Nigeria about 
Hausas, in Russia about Ukrai- 
nians, in India about Sikhs, in 
Colombia about the Pastusos 
(people from Pasto) and in Ireland 
itself about the Kerrymen. 

In each case the butts of the 
jokes live at the edge, at the 
periphery of a particular country 
or language area. Sometimes there 
is or has been open conflict 
between the joke-tellers at the 
centre and the butts of their jokes, 
but in other cases there is reason- 
ably peaceful co-existence. In each 
case the joke tellers at the centre 
see the butts of their jokes as 
people very similar to themselves, 
<i.e^ they are not of a different 
race) who are additionally funny 
because they are characterized by 
minor differences of dress, culture 
and speech which the joke-tellers 
find incongruous: 

in terms ofbiologicaT abnormality, 
genetics, and personality disorder. 
In neither country is there likely to 
be much funding for social science 
research which blames govern- 
ment or the state for such prob- 
lems as delinquency or drug 
abuse. Better find the devil in the 
individual’s brain than in the 
opportunity structure provided by 
the state. 

The causes of drug misuse are 
multiple, , varied, changing and 

Golden Boy: bat George ODowtTs 
troubles are shared by 
other, store “ordinary" people 
more usually interactive than 
single. The concern must further- 
more be not with just one drug, 
but with a range of substances, 
including alcohol tobacco and 
licitiy prescribed tranquillizers 
and sedatives. Only on foe basis of 
a firm adherence, to that open 
position should one design a 
national drug policy, set up a clinic 
or discuss the issues with the next 
group of schoolchildren, or the 
next set of anguished parents. 

The circumstances of addiction 

vary, but certain frequently asked 
questions can be answered in 
general terms: 

Does addicting imply a fun- 
damental flaw in personality? 

The idea that every addict is by 
definition a person of flawed 
character is not only mistaken but 
also a potential hindrance to 
recovery and an added burden on 
a worried family. Within a broad 
range of drug takers there wifi be 
many variations in maturity, con- 
fidence, conventiality, anxiety, 
extroversion and other traits, and 
some people will stand out as 
unhappy and disturbed. 

Does a d rag problem imply that 

the family has hiipJ the child? 

Drug problems are more likely to 
occur in broken homes and in 
families where there is gross 
discord. But they can also emerge 
in the happiest of families. 

Why should i young person 
with all the joys of life in front of 
him do anything so risky as to 
inject a drag into his veins? 

This is foe question at the centre 
of every parent's distress. Each 
individual story is different, and 
no sterotyped answer is sufficient. 
But drugs at least in foe short 

term, provide pleasurable experi- 
ences — and immediate reward 
(especially for foe young) can be a 
far more important deter minan t 
of behaviour than a more distant 
threat of pain. Also, drugs are 
symbols: a young person may take 
them because they are viewed by 
society as wickedly (and forili- 
ingly) dangerous. Furthermore, 
drugs can be a passport unfriend- 
ship and group membership: glue 

Christie Davies looks at the history of 
British jokes aboot the Irish and their place 
in the lexicon of world folk humour 

Have you 
heard the one 

Irishman to chiropodist' “Well 
me fate is in your hands.” 

Irish night school sign : “Brush 
up your Eise.” 

Some of these jokes probably 
originate in foe early attempts by 
the butts of foe jokes to speak foe 
joke-tellers' language. Jokes about 
other similar linguistic blunders 
are to be found historically in 
Scots humour about Gaetio-speak- 
ing Highlanders struggling with 
English- or in foe anecdotes -that 
Welsh people fluent in English 
told ationt those less at home in 
foe language: 

_ “During the controversy over 
foe disestablishment of foe 
Church of Wales, two of the chief 
protagonists were David Lloyd 
George and the Bishop of St 
Asaph. On one occasion Lloyd 
George addressed a meeting in a 
small village in North Wales 
where he was introduced by one of 
the deacons of foe local chapel 
who said: ‘We all know the 
remarks made on this subject last 
week by foe Bishop of St Asaph 
who in my opinion is one of the 
biggest liars in creation. Fortu- 
nately we have here tonight Mr 
David Lloyd George who is more 
than a match for him’.” 

No doubt Celtic nationalists 
will fulminate about loss of iden- 
tity or bad faith but the jokes are 
hardly evidence that they are 
currently seen by the “Anglo- 
Saxons” as a separate and inferior 

The other social factor under- 
lying foe jokes about foe Info is 
social- class. Like the Poles in 
America foe Sopi in Bulgaria or 
recently the Portuguese in Brazil 
who are also the butts of jokes 
about stupidity, foe Irish who 
came to Britain had left the land to 
seek unskilled labouring jobs 
building, in turn, foe canals, foe 
railways and foe motorways. The 
Irish doctor, academic, welder, or 
bank clerk is socially invisible but 
“Paddy in his wellies” from foe 
building site is a familiar and 
recognizable figure. Hence foe 

What does Wimpey stand for? 
We - Import Millions of Paddies 
Every Year. 

How do you recognise an Aer 
Lingus pilot? By the three gold 
rings bn his wellies. 

How do you confuse an Irish- 

man (or, in America, a Pole)? Give 
him three shov . and tell him to 
lake his pick. 

How do you make an Irishman 
bum his ear? Phone him when he's 

A Pole in America working on a 
building site fell from foe third 
floor of a building but was unhurt. 
A circus owner came to see him. 
“Do you think you could fall 
safely from the sixth flooi?” he 

“Oh yes,” replied the Pole. 

“And could you manage it 
safely from the tenth floor?” 

The Pole looked uncertain and 
fell silent. 

“Of course he could”, inter- 
rupted foe foreman, “provided he 
managed to land on his bead” 

Irish jokes, then, are an inter- 
national joke about any people 
occupying a particular cultural- 
geographical or social class po- 
sition. The only features peculiar 

Such jokes stem from foe 
relative cultural position of those 
at the centre and those at foe edge. 
The Highlander or Welshman 
must learn English, albeit Scots 
English or Wenglish, but neither 
foe Lowianders nor the English are 
ever going to learn a Celtic 
language. For the Walloons good 
French is that spoken in Paris, free 
of Belgicisms. not the speech of 
Brussels or Ligge. The Dublin 
middle classes imitate the speech 
of their English counterparts, not 
the more truly Irish tones of 

How do you define a social 
climber? A Kerryman with a Cork 

to British jokes about foe Irish are 
distinctly benign ones. American 
jokes about foe Poles and Ca- 
nadian jokes about the Newfies 
routinely depict them not ' merely 
as stupid but filthy, but attempts 
by mid-Atlantic joke-writers to 
adapt these jokes to the Irish have 
failed. British jokes about foe Info 
very rarely depict them as dirty. 
There is nothing to match jokes- 
like the following which are mild 
compared with some transatlantic 

What ls the worst form of air 
pollution? The Newfoundland 
parachute regiment 

What is the most dangerous job 
in the Polish quarter of Chicago? 
Riding shotgun on the garbage: 

The most distinctive feature of 
British jokes about foe Irish is that 
in many of them foe Info emerge 
as winners by means ofa witty use 
of upside-down logic that is not to 
be found anywhere else: . 

An Englishman , a Scotsman 
and an Irishman were sentenced 
to death in a part of the United 
States where electricity is very 
expensive and were allowed to 
choose from which tree they 
would like to be hanged. The 
Englishman naturally chose an 
oak and foe Scotsman a pine. 
When it was the Irishman's turn 
he thought for a moment and said: 
“I would like to be hanged from a 
gooseberry tree”. 

The judge replied, “But a goose- 
berry tree is mucb too small” 

“That's all right” said foe 
Irishman. “I’ll wait for it to grow.” . 

An Irishman applying for a job 
on a building site was told by the 
foreman: “You Paddies are none 
too bright, so before I take you on 
I’m going to ask you some 
questions to see bow much you 
understand. Now, what's foe dif- 
ference between a girder and a 

“Ah that’s easy”, said foe 
Irishman. “Girder wrote Faust 
and Joist wrote Ulysses”. 

Once again the Irishman of the 
jokes has reminded us that there 
are Milesian as well as Smilesian 
virtues. The Irish deserve a blue 
for wit and a half-blue should be 
awarded to those bitter and 
twisted English people who see 
jokes about the Irish as proof of a 
racial antipathy that in fact exists 
only in their own minds. 

© n— i Wwpipw , now. 

The author is Professor of Sociol- 

ogy at Reading University. He has 
just completed a study of humor- 

just completed a study of humor- 
ous ethnic stereotypes entitled 
Jokes are about Peoples for In- 
diana University Press. 

After the boom, Kuwait in conflict 

The Amir of Kuwait's recent 
closure of the National Assembly 
and curtailment of civil liberties 
has sent shock waves well beyond 
foe state's borders. The 50-mem- 
ber Assembly was the only freely- 
elected parliament in foe Arabian 
peninsular, a beacon of democracy 
to millions. 

Most reports of foe closure 
presented it as a response to foe 
bomb attacks and other outrages 
inflicted on Kuwait • since foe 
beginning of foe Iraq-Iran war in 
1980. most by Iraqi dissident 
Shi’ites seeking to end Kuwait’s 
support for the Sunni-dominated 
regime of President Saddam 
Hussain in Baghdad 

In fact the dissolution of foe 
Assembly is part of a domestic 
crisis affecting all levels of Ku- 
waiti society, including the AT 
Sabah dynasty that has ruled 
Kuwait continuously since foe 
mid- 1 8th century. “I saw a shaken 
democracy in from of me,” said 
the Amir, Shaikh Jaber al-Ahmad 
Al-Sabah, “and with it the unity of 
foe country was shaken, so it 
became my responsibility to dis- 
solve Parliament.” 

Kuwaitis say the present mal- 
aise began in the 1950s when oil 
wealth started to transform Ku- 
wait from an obscure port inhab- 
ited by pearlers and traders into a 
rich and internationally influen- 

tial stare. The old day houses were 
torn down and new suburbs built. 
Oose-knit communities were scat- 
tered. Kuwaitis began to feel 
alienated and insecure 

In recent years, additional 
strains have been created, less by 
fears of Iranian advances in foe 
Iraq-Iran war and acts of sabotage 
than by the stock exchange crash 
in 1982 which caused thousands 
of bankruptcies and a prolifera- 
tion of bitter disputes over debt 
payments and rejected requests 
for financial aid. Enormous addi- 
tional difficulties have resulted 
from foe slump in oil prices. 

Nationalist and radical reform- 
ist groups and their allies in foe 
ruling family had been urging 
National Assembly deputies to 
extract maximum advantage from 
foe people’s disillusionment and 
to blame the government for the 
terrorist incidents and for foe 
ailing economy. One particular 
target of the campaign is Shaikh 
Saad Abdullah Al-Sabah, prime 
minister and heir apparent. 

Although Shaikh Saad must be 
greatly relieved by foe closure of 
foe Assembly, his future seems 
uncertain. OF late he has spent a 
lot of time -in his town house off 
Bdgrave Square in London. 
Skirmishes will continue and the 
hidden dynastic aspects of foe 
drama may al last be revealed. 

The Amir, pioneer of democracy, 
bat believer in a firs bond 

Impatient or ambitious shaikhs on 
the sidelines have often joined 
forces with opposition groups to 
improve their fortunes; and with 
no single principle such as primo- 
geniture to determine foe succes- 
sion save descent from Mubarak 
the Great (ruler 1896-1915), foe 
quest for power remains as domi- 
nant in the lives of Kuwait’s 
shaikhs as ever, and as subtle and 
as fascinating to watch as a 
Shakespearean drama. 

The reluctance with which 
Shaikh Jaber dissolved foe Assem- 
bly is significant. Kuwaitis recall 
that his first mentor was Shaikh 
Abdullah al-Salim (ruler 1950-65), 
the founder of democracy in 

Kuwait, and that before Kuwait 
obtained full independence from 
Britain in 1961 it was Jaber who 
helped to prepare foe way for 
democracy by ridding Kuwait of 
foe ruler's more despotic relatives, 
whose arrogance was endangering 
foe dynasty’s survival. Yet they 
also know that Shaikh Jaber has 
always stressed foe need for strong 
leadership and respect for author- 
ity — a view he justifies by point- 
ing to the chaotic state of ottier 
Middle Eastern countries. 

Shaikh Jaber has often said that 
his concern for stability led him to 
seek a form of government 
adapted to Arab and Islamic - 
society rather than western-style 
democracy - what his son, Dr 
Salim Al-Sabah, has called “a 
paternalistic state with democratic 

So far most Kuwaitis have 
accepted the suspension of demoo 

racy as a regrettable necessity and 
feel that, depending on circum- 
stances, Shaikh Jaber will even- 
tually appoint an advisory council 
or order elections for a new 
National Assembly. Meanwhile, 
they are hoping that the new 
government, unconstrained by a 
National Assembly, will revitalize 
the economy and put money back 
into their pockets. 

Alan Rush 




sniffing is neariy always a group 
activity. . . 

Finally, being a drug taker 
means “being someone” for foe 
youn g person who does not other- 
wise know who he is, what be is 
worth, or where he is goingrHence 
foe very apt remark by the 
American author and former drug 
addict William Burroughs: You 
become a narcotics addict because 
you do not have strong enough 
motivation in any other direction. 
Junk wins by default" . 

The message must therefore be 
that it is useless to respond to 
d rug s as if they are no more than 
To help the drug taker 
and his or her family, addiction 
must be seen in its human and 
psychological dimensions as well 
as its chemistry. 

How do any of these explana- 
tions bear on foe manifestation of 
the drug tragedies of the gifted and 
privileged young, the pop stars 
and the playboys, the golden boys 
and girls? To an extent that 
question perverts foe debate: most 
drug tragedies are about ordinary 
families and ordinary people. 

Heroin is in reality more foe 
stuff of concrete jungle than the 
lush suburb, drugs more rife at foe 
disco than foe country house 
weekend. A focus on the drug 
taking of pop stars can glamorize i 
drugs and reinforce t>w dangerous 
symbolism. The fact that drug 
problems affect rich . as well as 
poor might be read as a harsh but 
unsurprising reminder that wealth 
or fame offers no special guarantee 
of psychological safety. Privilegeis 
never more than skin-deep. 

c TtaM X <w p« pit , 1888. 

The author is professor of Addic- 
tion Behaviour at the University of 
London's Institute of Psychiatry 

The familiar .notice “Trespassers 
will be prosecuted” is an empty 
threat. It is not normally a crime 
to enter somebody rise’s land 
wrthouL permission- Lord Stanley . 
of Alderley wants to change all . 
that. In today’s debate , in the 
House of Lords on the ' Public ■" 
Order B0L he will -move ah 
amendment to make it a crime to 
commit trespass on land in certain - 
specified circumstances. : ' 

But there are ; serious doubts ; 
about foe . wisdom of such a move 
and foedifficultiesit may cause to 
innocent users of Jand. - 
HrsL foe use of foe criminal taw 
to deal with trespassers will cause 
more probiemsthari it will -solve. - 
Although there would be Utile 
difficulty in the- dearest cases 
where mass intruders invade a 
fanner’s field without permission 
and setup temporary home, many ' 
cases will be. less dear. 

Those on the land may claim to 
have permission to be there, 
possibly, on terms which have 
become disputed Whose land is 
it? Is it common land or private 
land at this particular spot? Does a 
right of way operate? Is there an. 
implied 1 permission to enter tire 
land because it is unfeacqd? These 
are questions which local mag- 
istrates will be reluctant -to con- 
front Issues of title;' ownership 
and : occupation, let alone: ease- 
ments and rights of way, are surely - 
best left to foe civil courts where 
they rightly belong. ■ . 

Others, like ramblers,' mount- 
aineers and picnickers, may havea 
nuine cause for grievance at 

convoy off his land in Somerset. 
But he was unlucky: he lacked 
funds to bring proceedings and^ 
there was delay m foe procedure ai “ 
foe local court. The Lord Chan-.* 
celior. is how looking at .any 
shortcomings in foe system, Once:^ 
these are cured; the civit courts > 
will provide . a completed if nbt \ 
draconian; method of evictioiL ■- ^ 
Brit even if foe .civil law ffa&T 
shortcomings the police are nqt-ic- 
poweriess to act Jf offences are^ 
committed, such as criminal dam- -, 
age,. they are ratified to.enfef ilku 
land and make arrests. If it. 1$ r 
impossible to identify foe 
the pdlicecanusetheir comraesr - 
law powers to prevent a breach of^ 
the peace, which was certainty^: 

c4 : : 


Moflon *A criminal trespass fa***: 
wdbM create more problems foanS 
it sol wT— bat has the -T:.- 

gorenunent had fresh tho^hts? !, r 

imminent in -Mr. . ArtweU’s fcasq^ 
when the local residents threat-:, 
ened to use. shotguns.. By this!; 
means foe police can move on.fa£I 



i *4 l! MJlll'.' %* 

■ i r : 1 1 1 1 J 

TTTi i nft (Vi iiiaiTw iip , 


> k'iPr 

rjjVi* i 

XI i. L'.-j 

“Trespassers will be prosecuted,; 
but only if; they, intend to deprive: 
foe person entitled to the owner- 
ship' or occupation of tire laisd of 
the useand enjoyment ofit, and in 
foe following circumstances eta”' 

Unfortunately. simplicity is not 
always a hallmark of the law. An 
almost exact parallel arose in foe 
mid-1970s amen politicians rum- 
maged about for an instant solu- 
tion to the problem of squatting. 
Much detail was required to 
protect the innocent: foe phrasing 
finally adopted was cumbersome 
and the laws an now rarely used. v 

Thirdly foe existing civil aircT 
criminal law is quite adequate to 
deal with trespassers. The special 
High .Court procedure to reclaim 
possession of - land is normally-'. : 
speedy and effective. In Cases of 
urgency defendants need, not be 
named; and if damage is caused to 
crops, for example, foe normal 
five-day period can be waived and 
foe High Court sheriff can enlist 
police help to. carry, out foe . 
eviction. ' 

It took Farmer Attwell a week to 
get -300 members of the hippy. 

wrong doers by extending mfng&t 
public order offences-to -priv^j 
land. He added that.foeinllwgxl 
not foe right place far a criming! . 
trespass offence anyway. - ?' - 
Only foe activities of- 'a rel- 
atively small group of tra vellers ‘ 
and a mild dose of public hystefiif : 
have led foe government fo recon- 
sider its position. The result isnoT-. 
yet known. Describing^ 
“medieval . brigands” {a senior 
politician) or as “pollution tp be^ 
neutralized” (a chief constable) j£r 
not the answer. On .thentherifand.f 
iflocal authorities complied, witf^- 
theirdutyimderifie Caravan Sites ' 


tree? '• 

Act i96S- to provide permanent 

and transit cites, and the Denart *- r ' 

and transit sites, and foe Depart*: 
merit qf.the Environment chose to 
forte them to .comply, some 
progress might be made towards 
preventing a repeat -performance' 
next year. : 

Meanwhile _ the blunt, insuri-; 
ment of the criminal law 
never be a just rad effective* 
solution to a difficult problem. — > 
The author, a barrister, is a past ''Sc 




• U ., m. A 

c f Etro- 


chairman qf the National Council' 
for Civil liberties. . - 

Paul Pickering 

“Drugs?" asked the smiling Bali- 
nese detective as I sat. with my 
wife in the cramped and crowded 
police station. “You are foe 
Australians on the drugs charge?” 

a push 

Nowadays, foe very suggestion 
of such a thing east of Suez makes 
foe blood run cold rad foe antique 
ceiling fans whisper of fleeting 
mortality. A few moments before, 
our crime was merely a minor 
traffic offence. Affronted, I denied 
anything to . do with narcotics or 
Australia, adding that neither of us 
even smoked cigarettes. 

“But you are Australian.” he 
insisted, affecting the insight of. 
Sherlock Holmes revealing .all to 
an imbecile Watson. “Everyone 
else here is Indonesian. My chief 
says 1 have to pidf up two 
Australian drug dealers to take to 
Dempasar for. trial. You are the 
only ones. People are not brought 
to this place if they are innocent 
and you will find our laws no 
laughing matter." 

We were sitting on a wooden 
bench with two giggling Sumatran 
ladies of foe night, a pickpocket 
and a drunk. A patrolman had 
stopped pur hired car —possibly to 
help his family expand his noodle 
stall -business — and. announced 
that the two-way street was one- 
way. He looked both offended and 
confused when we would not give 
him “a small offering” to avoid a 
ticket “No one argued before;” he 

At the police station I was 
beginning to understand why. 
“We . are not Australians or 
criminals.” I began, only to be 
interrupted by .another plain 
clothes man who came up and 
indicated we must sign a piece of 
paper written entirely in Indo- 
nesian before being taken to 
headquarters. “It's a confession.” 
he added matter of factly, admir- 
ing his own right thumbnail, 
which is grown decoratively Iona 
m Bali. ■■■." 

“But we have nothing to do with 
drugs,” I said, not knowing 
whether to feel panic or anger. 
“Perhaps we should give these 
gentlemen, some money, darting*” 
interrupted my. beloved. She has a 
better understanding of author- 
itarian regimes, the result of nearly 
being rusticated at Oxford fair 
having; a friend who dressed -as 

“Have you any document to say 
you are not Australian? Can 
verify you are British?” demanded 
another policeman. But we did nqk 
have our passports and it is ham: 
to think of anything which s#&: 
evidently proves you are a Brit Aj 
burst of “Land of Hope mid* 
Glory” seemed to -be out of the 1 
question. A uniformed officefc. 
started pushing us towards ajeep^ 
Then, to our joy and immepsi^ 
relief two .manacled and - ex- 
tremely defected Australians’ bn* 
rived in the station yard. . ' 

The sleuth who had been wrIJinfc 
to sign us up for a long stretch, if 
not the gallows, shrugged. It 
seemed that his real clients bad. 
been driven round foe town to 
identity accomplices and witness^ 
search of their room. We .were 
courteously handed a traffic violas 
tion form and an Indonesia^ 
dictionary. . . ; • 

At this point ft seemed churliSJt 
to argue over trifles. They would^- 
of course, have let usgo in the end,'- 

I reassured my wife. The fact tha^ 

was still booked for going -the* ■ 
wrong way down a. two-way street . 
mitigated against this optimism i: 
We respectfully maintained ' a 
hatred of lager -and Veeemite and - 


_ instti*-.' Li/ r 0 

law wifi *any 

effective* So « c *? ■ ; 

blera/- - Ssmrur.:; - .. 7 h_: ry 

is a past m. re-- ^ ^ 

Council' ?8itvew: one 

• ", fj} 2 dgfsz: :< r 

! . -: 7 ;. . rarded as a v 

’ .-*• . ftffliffflhjr. 

"• ' ' jJ 8 ®* Arglc-Ir-b \cr< 

: 'Up*!* I hsar.:?r,:«c 

V ■ ."*'*• : .. JL:* a ^u.-sec 

• •" co^up;i 

v apeepiBH. r 

-VV • best i "'q 

nttosav' IbSWlwuwherKf ‘ 

pwonai - f 0 -- 



& ssr 

TB Clint 

inarches hat 



dfc ni ’ 

— _ II?— V , 

■CC-I. C - C 

hatred of lager -and . Vegemite qnd 
protested we had never seea $ 
kangaroo or a possum, but tfo 

ra-KK of j 

; Cfcmh. 


~Porsri!v ’'3 
. ‘ Back at our hotel a commercial 

traveller tried to explain: ”Yo£ 
see, much ofa patrolman’s incomt. r 
relies on traffic, violations. Qar< 
people do. not have the sart? 
attitude as you; here there is -no. 
sense of corruption.” * .* ..V 
..But I said, if policemen spen*^ 
their day arranging traffic, offish 
ings* what time do they have tot 
hum drug takers? ; - 

: No prtfalent.wa&foe reply. Oh* 
plain clothes man sells drugs ;t^ , 
tourists and another immediately 
arrests them. Ini this , way they 
meet foe arrest targets set:-n* : 
Jakarta, without upsetting the-h^ , =•. 
ca& 'esperialty Jmpmirai^ - locate; Jj 
Occasionally, by acridem, Un - 
discovered a dealer.' : 

.All of which, leaves 6nt ..vcrj 
uneasy -about South-East Asia*, 
draconian drug laws- The'real^ ; ; 
important consideration is nSW8 * _ 
much: that the law s ia£*ed& T -_ 
stretching ass: it is who ycropayfait v..- 
Ihe privilege of not talohg a rid®- ': 


? iife Fo 




* * * * * 



' : 

1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


commonwealth countries u*. »,« = 

-- 1 ' «? -■ _ .1 Mb 

commonwealth countries 
which try to pressurize British 
pohcy on South Africa by 
withdrawing from the Edin- 
burgh games, must be warned 
that they .have chosen the 
wrong track on which to run. 
They risk slighting the Qiieeij 

•I; *"°: f wth members of her ., 
family will be there, and 
damaging the- hopes and 
aspirations of their .athletes, 

He has until the end of 
September to persuade Presi- 
dent Botha to accelerate the 
pace of his reform programme. 
But should he fail, the 
Community already has an 
agreed position to fall back 
upon. In such an event it will 
consider a ban on new invest- 
ment in the Cape and on the 
import of South African gold 
coins, coal and steel. As few 

Vrti.' mn _., C ; t ■ --MV.VO, M/ilfa. WJdl cimj- t>lCCl. lew 

S Edinburgh * - firms in Europe are likely to 

ij'ij represents a iiniDuc.phanrf* rvf rant «&«> z p. 

v *'*d - yZ 

■ S«53S* 

•- — , . ’“■■‘C 


i i- 

y Sis 

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“ -A r a;i;- 
■ m ; -z 

A IZi* 

represents a unique-chance of 
winning sporting glory. But the 
issues oyer which they have so 
ostentatiously taken umbrage, 
aigtoo serious for Britain to be 
Muenced by such consid- 

■gs Sir Geoffrey Howe pre- ’ 
pares to fly to Washington for 
talks on South Africa later this 
week, there are signs that the 
Government has appreciated 
this and has got its priorities 
rig£t Sir Geoffrey will dis- 
.3' t#$x hiniself physically and 
• efitjofronally from the run-up, 
leaving the: Commonwealth 
Gaines Federation - to . cope 
with the caprices of its mem- 
bers: It will be a pity if more- 
nations turn the so-called 
friendly Games into an in- 
strument of hostility and 
pique. But if they do so, they 
must not be allowed to deflect 
this country from its wider 
sense of purpose 

That purpose — to help bring 
about peaceful and negotiated 
change in '.South Africa — can 
be -approached only from a . 
position of unity and strength. 
Thjs is why Sir-.Geoffrey is in 
Washington this week, why Mr .' 
^ Derek .Thomas, a deputy on- - 
der-seGrelary at the Foreign 
Office, is visiting Australia and 
Japan and also, to some ex- 
tent. why another senior, dip- . 
lomat Mr Ewan Fergusson is 
in South Africa itself —prepar- 
ing’ the way for Sir Geoffrey. 

. The Foreign Secretary al- 
ready has a united European 
Community behind' him 
following last month's summit 
af The Hague. He flies to see , 
President P.W.Botha -on July 
23. fcoinci dentally thd eve of 
the CcunnfonweaimGames) as: 

seek new investment in South 
Africa right now, and as coal 
and steel are hardly among the 
commodities which the 
Community is short of, these 
are symbolic sanctions rather 
than real ones. Their function 
would be to keep Europe still 
united, come what may. 

So for Britain is also in step 
with the United States and 
Japan. How for this will con- 
tinue to be the case is a matter 
for speculation, given 
Congressional pressures on the 
White House. But this is why 
the Foreign Secretary goes to 
Washington this week 

-Whether he sees, black lead- 
ers in South Africa is arguably 
of secondary importance. 
What matters more at this 
stage is thai Mr Botha should 
make the concessions which 
Sir Geoffrey badly needs if he 
is to continue to hold off the 
pressure building up for stron- 
ger sanctions. 

President Botha complains, 
not without some justice, that 
he has never been given 
enough credit for the reforms 
he has introduced. It is. also 
true that he is coping with 
political unrest on the right 
and that his government has 
never been very susceptible to 
international criticism. But 
South ' Africa, needs bold 
leadership and there is only 
one direction-in which he can 
realistically take his people. He 
must tell the Foreign Secretary 
that he will free Mr Nelson 
Mandela — the most glittering 
prize Sir Geoffrey could bring 
home. More important in the 
long term he must also move 
towards a dialogue, through, 
Britain,- ‘ with the' ^currently’ 
banned African NationaJCon- 

It is possible that if Mr 
Botha decides to make any 
such concessions, he would 
prefer to delay announcing 
them until his own National 
Party congress on August 12- 
1 3, to avoid domestic criticism 
that he has succumbed to 
international pressure. He 
might simply intend to give Sir 
Geoffrey confidential notice of . 
his intentions. But this would 
leave the danger that even the 
Foreign Secretary’s skills 
would then be inadequate to 
stave off punitive sanctions. 
There would be the further 
danger that those sanctions 
would seem responsible for 
successes that bad aleady been 
achieved without them. 

It looks as if Sir Geoffrey 
will hold a preliminary meet- 
ing with Mr Botha tomorrow 
week, after which he will try to 
conduct a series of further 
'consultations with front-line 
states (and those local black 
leaders who will see him) 
before a second Botha ex- 
change on July 29. Five days 
later he feces the Common- 
wealth mini-conference in 
London, which will review the 
recent failure of the EPG ■ 

It is fashionable but self- 
defeating to deride the Foreign 
Secretary's journey South. 
Those in the Commonwealth 
who do so deserve to have 
their motives re-examined and 
their political judgement ques- 
tioned. Pretoria alone will 
benefit from the disunity they 
cause while only the right-wing 
extremists in South Africa can 
gain strength from the resent- 
ment they encourage. 

In the end it is not the 
Commonwealth but the indus- 
trial nations which can put 
telling pressure on Pretoria. * 
But it is the industrial nations 
which stand to lose by penal 
sanctions. To keep them to- 
gether and apply their com- 
bined pressures, needs more 
patience and a better sense of 
timing than most governments 
seem to possess. To withdraw 1 
young black, athletes at their , 
moment of glory, from their 
chance of winning gold, is 
irrelevant to the central task in 


• crrTsi .the re^esentatfveb^Europe, gross (ANCf and ^otber^black irrelevant to the central task in 

- 3sv 'W justBritaw.' - .[ - . political groups. ... hand. 


- r.t. :'Z\rza The curse of Northern Ireland semed. any attempt io do so police, allowed , the Orange 
is that a victory for one this weekend as an example of marchers to parade on the 
community there is invariably creeping official Fenianism. outskirts of the Catholic dis- 
~ ' "X!t. regarded as a defeat by the Trouble was therefore ex- tricL The main procession 
•- • other community. That rule, pected — and trouble there has passed off peacefully enough, 

" 7 - however, does not always ap- been. Where it has occurred — but a later loyalist procession 

ply in reverse: what one side notably at the small village of tried to go further and led to 
regards as a defeat is not Rasharkin - it has been, rioting, and tbe local Catholics 
' necessarily regarded as a vie- .. vicious.- But it has not-been were angry at a concession to 

tory by the other. widespread throughout the the other side. The com- 

Thus the Anglo-Irish Agree- province. It- has consisted of promise was an imperfect one 

— i 'ii j . 

. • rsa 

is that a victory for one 
community there is invariably 
regarded as a defeat by the 
other community. That rule, 
however, does not always ap- 
ply in reverse: what one side 
regards as a defeat is not 
necessarily regarded as a vic- 
tory by the other. 

Thus the Anglo-Irish Agree- 

g the law 

ment is seen by the unionists - small-scale- organized attacks 
wrongly, in the opinion of The rather than large-scale-noting. 

Times — as a disguised first 
step on the road to Irish unity. 
The nationalist community, 
with Dublin’s agreement, re- 
gards it as, at best, a prom- 
issory note of future benefits. 

But difficulties in the way of 
practical reforms — for in- 
stance, there are not enough 
police to phase out the UDR 
policing role — focus Catholic 
discontent upon the sym- 
bolism of Ulster politics. They 
object, in particular, to the 
July. 12 marches through 
Catholic areas. Equally, 
though such marches have 
been increasingly re-routed by 
the police for some years now, 
t ^e Protestant community re- 

And, with a fewexceptions. it 
has employed intimidation 
rather than direct violence 
against people. 

One reason for this relative 
quiet may be that Dr Ian 
Paisley’s temporary, dramatic 
but non-violent occupation of 
Hillsborough had a cathartic 
effect Most Unionists felt that 
tbe British government had 
been shown the organized 
capacity of their community 
and were satisfied with that. 

Another reason .was tbe 
tactics of the RUG. . In 
Portadown, . they reapplied 
their 1985 ban on the tra- 
ditidnal Unionist route; But an 
alternative : route, easier to 

marchers to parade on the 
outskirts of the Catholic dis- 
trict The main procession 
passed off peacefully enough, 
but a later loyalist procession 
tried to go further and led to 
rioting, and tbe local Catholics 
were angry at a concession to 
the other side. The com- 
promise was an imperfect one 
— . and both the nationalists 
and : Dublin regard it as a 
betrayal. On balance, however, 
the police judgement must be 
counted correct since it 
avoided a large riot without 
conceding the main loyalist 

The general lesson is clear. 
The government should deter- 
mine to live through the 
marching season without 
launching any serious political 
initiatives under the Anglo- 
Irish agreement — and without 
retreating from it either. Mr 
Paisley, according to the Irish 
Times,. left for a holiday after 
his inanifesiation last Sat- 
urday. Ministeis, too, should 
take a political holiday. - 

as unwelcome in many quar- 
ters of Vietnam as it will be 


pie death last SfiSSESKS 

■■■: --l Duan, the eWeriyleader o«he “^ v,eraaJn Cambodia, Truong Chinh, the 

: Vietnamese Communist aoroau. hardline northerner, is likely 

> Party, was hailed by many as Within Vietnam the sharp t0 countenance the idea even 

signalling the possible end of turns of policy, especially eco- tess 

■ an unhappy era for Vietnam. n omic policy, that have been But ^ new Vietnamese 

...~ Now, with the naming °f^ observed ov ^ J* e SEP.JZS leader may also find a less than 

I;: Dalian's contemporary, 79- years suggested enthusiastic reception in Mos- 

year- old Truong Chirm, to disagreement between those CQW ^ a battle-hardened, 

i_. ' > take his place, any such hopes who hoped for thoroughly traditional com- 

will have to be temporarily set decentralization along Chin^ mun i S t approaching 80, 

77 aside. . . Unes Md those who Truong Chinh is scarcely in 

. . of Truong that the country, s. dimeu ti the technocratic mould now 

■ The appointment or I rons from too -lax an favoured bv the Kremlin If 

. .V ;; hSdth^holds out, is application of socialist prin- ^f 0SC0W was having inisgiv- 

- robust homom.* cipfes. ings about the ^egreTof 

;‘ : v P^v^rn^^oerhaps e^n Truong Chinh belonged Vietnam’s economic depen- 

- the v iwS^an the firmlym the second camp ; dence before, they are unlikely 

^ of rowards Now he is policy-maker m to be dispelled by the new 

S even the t^rative re leadership in Hanoi. 

:• "A ChWi^egaKl ed not forms that have been em- Misgivings in Moscow may 

- 7 Truong Chinn is barked on may be at nsk. If account for Mr Gorbachov’s 

only, as an * a . are, disillusionment foilure to attend the funeral of 

'V mumst ideol t 0 f a among would-be reformers Le Duan as protocol would 

determined oppone among the younger require. He has sent instead his 

' v ; younger leaoersnip. veneration could eventually prime minister and his chief 

^ He has also held the post of a leadership crisis foreign policy adviser, Anatoli 

Party General Secretary be- * mort serious than the Dobrynin. And here is a sweet 

fore in the 1940s and early lurches 0 f policy that charac- irony. For while Mr Dobrynin, 

1 050s At that time, his ruth- Le Duan’s declining ihe Soviet Union’s former 

less handling of a land reform ambassador to the US, is In 

programme in the north of the . j^pppojntment will greet Hanoi paying court to a client 

Coimtry brou^it the pedants Tr ^ ng ^ chinh’s. accession Vietnamese l^dership, Mr 

close to revolt and caused hun 2^ toaIn t heWestandm Gorbachov w,« p^ay hostm 

^ rnnved aside in fovour of f , . Associ . Moscow to Richard Nixon, foe 

to countenance the idea even 

But the new Vietnamese 
leader may also find a less than 
enthusiastic reception in Mos- 
cow. As a battle-hardened, 
thoroughly traditional com- 
munist . approaching 80, 
Truong Chinh is : scarcely in 
the technocratic mould now 
favoured by foe Kremlin. If 
Moscow was haying misgiv- 
ings about the', degree of 
Vietnam's economic depen- 
dence before, they are unlikely 
to be dis{>elled by the new 
leadership in Hanoi. 

Misgivings in Moscow may 
account for Mr Gorbachov’s 
failure to attend foe funeral of 
Le Duan as protocol would 
require. He has sent instead his 
prime minister and his chief 
foreign policy adviser, Anatoli 
Dobrynin. And here is a sweet 


to be moved aside m favour oi 

Le Duan. His accession to foe 

Supreme power of theGc™^ 

Secretaryship (aftCT 

as state president) evokes a 

sense o fdeja vu which will be 


‘ Disappointment will greet 
Truong Chinh'S: accession 
abroad, too. In foe West and m 
the countries of the- Associ- 
ation of South-East Asian 
Nations (Asean), that, dis- 
appointment wfll focus on 
Indochina. For if Le Duan and 

foe Soviet Union's former 
ambassador io foe US, is in 
Hanoi paying court to a client 
Vietnamese leadership, Mr 
Gorbachov will play host .in 
Moscow to Richard Nixon, foe 
US President who ordered foe 
bombing of Hanoi and began 
America’s long hard extrica- 
tion from that country. 


A Marshall Plan for S Aftica 

From Professor Emeritus William 


Sir, In your leader on South Africa 
(July 7) you suggest an inter- 
national economic investment 
plan - a programme of positive 
measures to help ihe black popula- 
tion of that country to achieve the 
status which they properly claim. 
In feci, in'Conflici Study No. 179, 
The South African Crisis: Time for 
International Action, published in 
September 1985, to which you 
referred at the time, l advocated a 
Marshall Plan for the whole of 
Southern Africa as an incentive to 
all the relevant leaders and groups 
to participate in negotiations lead- 
ing to a new and generally more 
acceptable and stable order in the 

One necessary condition for the 
implementation of such a plan 
would be, as you suggest, the 
abolition of the provisions of the 
Group Areas Act and similar 
legislation. It would obviously be 
counter-productive, for example, 
for foreigners to fund more low- 
cost housing in Soweto and in any 
case the main reason why the 
South African Government's own 
improvement programme has 
made tittle impact is that it has 
been imposed, paternalistic and 
carried out without any effective 
consultation with genuine black 
leaders. Indeed, their full 
participation in decision-making 
about housing, education, medical 
services and job-creation is essen- 
tial to progress in those fields as 
well as for the rule of law. 

Without large-scale assistance 
from outside, whether it be 
through governments, business or 
voluntary agencies, whoever holds 
power in South Africa from now 
on is unlikely to be able to 
consolidate or maintain a post- 
apartheid society other than a 
siege economy. 

Whether serious sanctions are 
applied or not. Western countries 
now have not only a moral 
responsibility for what happens to 
South Africa, but a considerable 
economic obligation, which 
conveniently coincides with self- 
interest. Sanctions may be costly, 
damaging, ineffective but in- 
evitable. - . . .. 

A constructive plan on a suf- 
ficient scale will be expensive and 
I require just as determined a 
political wilL Its success would, 
however, also depend on the co- 
1 operation of neighbouring states, 
who would otherwise probably be 
the first victims of effective sanc- 
tions. For this reason it is essential 
that Western assistance does not 
discriminate in favour of South 
Africa, but directly contributes to 
the development of the whole 
Southern African region. . 

To describe the proposition as a 
Marshall Han gives an appro- 
priate indication of the scale of 
help required if there is to be any 
chance of South Africa's convert- • 
ing itself into, the prosperous, just 
and democratic society which 
almost all its leaders of all races 
allegedly want. Peace and co- 
operation with its neighbours to 
the north is an essential element in 
any lasting settlement. 

Yours faithfully, 


26 Si Mark’s Road, 

Leamington Spa, 


Sound effects 

From the Chief Executive of the 
Institution of Environmental 
Health Officers 

Sir, My institution is pleased to 
note that Michael Church (Spec- 
trum, July 2) appreciates the work 
of environmental health officers 
and the thankless task which they 
have in trying to control the 
problem of neighbourhood noise, 
which is reaching epidemic 
proportions. Indeed the level of 
complaint is so high in some 
districts that the local environ- 
mental health officer cannot in- 
vestigate them all. 

U is not simply a matter of 
legislation. With the increase in 
the availability of a vast range 
l ofnoisy domestic equipment; 
from televisions • and "sound 
systems” to automatic washing 
machines and food mixers, there 
is little appreciation of the nui- 
sance which can be caused. 

' The problem does not end 

Monumental choice 

From Mrs S. M. Barnard 
Sir. Whatever the reason for the 
i uninspired uniformity of modern 
l memorials there is no doubt that 
there is now a much greater 
1 appreciation of older churchyards 
; and Victorian cemeteries. 

Our own relatively humble 
, Victorian cemetery at 
Burmantofts. Leeds, can boast 
1 6.000 memorials, the majority in 
local stone and mostly beautifully 
carved, with a tremendous variety 
of styles which include a fireman’s 
helmet, a Humber keel, a York- 
shire terrier, and a 10-foot high 
mill chimney (commemorating 
"the oldest steeplejack in 
England”). Often these old burial 
grounds shelter interesting 
communities of flora and fauna, 
and those in urban sites are 

The past in focus 

From the Director of the Associ- 
ation for the Protection of Rural 

Sir. Aerial photography over Brit- 
ain is undertaken by various 
bodies such as the electricity 
boards, the Forestry Commission, 
national archaeological surveys, 
etc. There seems to be no body to 
co-ordinate the photographs and 
no archaeologists’ organisation 
whose function it is to read them 
for foe benefit of the nation rath er 
than for individual interest. Dif- 
ferent bodies use such photo- 
graphs for different purposes* so 
there is surely need for such an 

These are not functions that can 

From Mr David Hancock - 

Sir, It is saddening to read Dr 
McGetrick's analysis of the prob- 
lems currently feeing South Africa 
(July 9), implying that to 
encourage expansion of the 
blighted economy, would some- 
how achieve the disma n t lin g of 
apartheid that every decent c i tize n 
of foe world surely wants. 

Only when foe majority of the 
white population who keep the 
Nationalist Government in power 
have their vested interests in 
maintaining apartheid removed, 
is there hope of any real change 
occurring peacefully in the 
foreseeable future. 

The truth of the matter is that 
most white South Africans enjoy 
apartheid and positive racial 
discrimination in their favour. 
The combination of cheap labour 
and the domination of foe eco- 
nomic wealth of the country afford 
the whites a standard of living that 
would be impossible to match 
anywhere in the world where 
equal rights for all are enjoyed. 

Until the white people are bit 
where they would feel it hardest, 
in their pockets, the evils of 
apartheid, despite superficial re- 
forms intended for non-domestic 
consumption, will continue to 
haunt the free world. Yes, the 
Mack people of South Africa null 
suffer too. 

Yours sincerely,. 


I Northfield Road, 



July 9. 

From Mr J. C. E. Murray 
Sir, There is a quite widespread' 
misapprehension here that the 
strife in South Africa would be 
brought to an end by tbe expedi- 
ence of bolding an election on a 
"one-man one-vote” basis. This 
is, of course, nonsense. The Af- 
rican in Africa is far more con- 
scious of tribe than be is of colour. 
The tribe allocated foe most seats 
would win any election, just as 
Mugabe's Shonas did in Zim- 
babwe. His objective now 
(Mugabe's) is to carry out a policy 
of genocide on his main tribal 
rivals, the Ndebele-speaking peo- 
ples from the west of the country. 

In South Africa we would have 
Nelson Mandela representing, 
primarily, the Xhosa speakers and 
Chief Buthelezi the Zulus. Any 
inter-tribal vote would be re- 
garded as treachery and they 
would systematically slaughter 
each other. 

Just as has happened to the 
north of foe Republic of South 
Africa foe opposition would go 
into hiding and the 
"Government” would amuse 
themselves by deploying troops 
and police to so-called "insurgent 
strongholds”. Some of us have 
seen it all first-hand and J, for one, 
am not proud of past associations 
with vicious regimes on' that 

The end result would have to be. 
because of tribal obligations, a 
monolithic one-party dictatorship 
of the same stamp as Tanzania, 
Zambia, Zaire and (soon to be) 

Yours faithfully 
62 Tonbridge Road, 

Maidstone, Kent , 

there, for not only do neighbours 
suffer extreme mental disturbance 
from the sound of domestic 
equipment butsome owners of the 
equipment also suffer psychologi- 
cal pressure and mental stress 
because of their inability to pre- 
vent sound transmission through 
thin party walls. 

Noise is sometimes used as a 
weapon in inter-neighbour dis- 
putes and so the environmental 
health officer becomes mediator 
in very difficult circumstances. 
However, hecannot always be 
relied upon to exercise foe wisdom 
of Solomon. Responsibility must 
lie with the people who operate 
noisy equipment and with, those 
who are responsible for the quality 
and construction of new dwell- 
ings. - . .. 

Yours faithfully; - 
A. M. TANNER, Chief Executive, 
The Institution of Environmental 
Health Officers, 

Chadwick House, 

Rush worth Street. SE1. 

perhaps of particular ecological 

This year the National Federa- 
tion of Cemetery Friends was 
formed from groups all over the 
country, with the aim of encourag- 
ing and advising others wishing to 
rescue cemeteries threatened with 
neglect or clearance 
Peter Burman (July 5) is ab- 
solutely right to extend foe argu- 
ment to the preservation of 
memorials. It is of precious little 
use for skill to be expended on the 
creation of a gravestone which will 
be left to decay, or which the 
cemetery or churchyard authority 
can remove and reduce to rubble 
in only 30 years' time. 

Yours truly, 


2 North Park Road. 


West Yorkshire. 

be left to private bodies as there is 
no cash profit from them. Only a 
government-funded organisation 
could tackle them and make its 
findings available to alL 
This option, is of course, only 
second-best to foe employment of 
a lot of archaeologists to. do 
surveys on foe ground — by miles 
foe best way of recording historic 
remains. Nevertheless a central 
body of the kind proposed wonld 
provide a very, helpful base from 
which to work. 

Yours faithfully, 

ROBERT L SMITH, Director, 
Association for foe Protection of 
Rural Scotland.. 

14a Napier Road, Edinburgh. 

July 7. 

Basis of belief 
and the Bishop 

From the Bishop of Durham 
Sir. Mr Eaton (July 12) has put his 
finger on foe whole positive point 
of my General Synod speech 
about “Is our God worth believing 
in?” when he writes "but still [be] 
free to choose". 

My theme was that God has 
risked creation, freedom and 
choice in the mystery of his love. 
Therefore there is no 
iriumphalistic God and no 
iriumphalist Church. There is 
immediately enduring and even- 
tually triumphing love. The suffer- 
ing and risen Jesus, clinches this 
point So miracles are not "knock- 
down” proofs but particular gifts 
of love to faith. 

Churches cannot legislate for- 
ever and a day on the basis of 
"knock-down” authority: All is 
more free,, more risky and more 
requiring of exploring faith, and 
readiness for risking change. That 
is the glory of foe love of God and 
foe faith, hope and love of 
responsible but sinful women and 
men in our fallen, mysterious and 
redeemable world. 

Yours faithfully. 


Auckland Castle, 

Bishop Auckland, 
co Durham. 

July 12. 

Voting in Synod 

From Mr Maurice Chandler 
Sir. No one would dispute the 
statement in your leading article 
of Jufy 7 that “It is to foe House of 
- Bishops that the Church has the 
right to look”. Some, however, 
would question a later sentence 
"The bishops as a body accurately 
reflect foe range of opinions in the 
Church at large” 

The inaccuracy of this latter 
statement is reflected in foe voting 
in foe General Synod where time 
after time the voting in the House 
of Bishops does not reflect that in 
the House of Laity and even more 
that in foe House of Clergy.. ^ The 
voting in the three houses on July 
5 on "Women ordained abroad” is 
tbe latest evidence of this. Neither 
does episcopal voting reflect the 
voting in foe deaneiy synods — on 
foal or many other issues. 

While the present system of . 
appointments to bishoprics is in 
some measure responsible for this 
unrepresentative trait of foe epis- 
copate there are other factors. 

However, the Synod has, rightly 
I believe, charged foe House of 
Bishops with the responsibility of 
attempting a solution to the 
complicated issues resulting from 
the proposal to ordain women to 
the. priesthood in the Church of. 
England. They must consult 
widely and reflect on foe results 
carefully otherwise any proposals 
put forward may well ±nd up tike 
the ill-feted remarriage proposals. 
Yours faithfully, 

1 Lowther Gardens. 

Prince Consort Road, SW7. 

July 10. 

Uniform discomfort 

From Mr R. B. Brayne 
Sir, Mr Ougham (July 4) is quite 
right. The decline in Britons’, 
sensible use of clothes in Tanzania 
began with independence. The 
newly-arrived . advisers and 
“experts” came with pre-con- 
ceaved ideas of. dress and looked, 
down on us "colonials” for wear- 
ing our office dress of white shorts, 
open-neck shirt and stockings. 

At foe end of meetings of foe 
new University College Council in 
Dar-es-Salaam I am sure I was 
more comfortable and alert than 
my colleagues in their dark suits 
and ties. 

In foe hot summer of 1976 I 
once walked across London 
Bridge to my office in foe City in 
shorts, but 1 have not had the 
courage to repeat it. 

Yours faithfully, - 
(former district commissioner). 
Thriftwood Cottage, 

Broom lands Lane, 


July 11. 

P&rthian shot 

From Mrs P. M. Kay 
Sir, Debased device indeed, the 
use of PS (foe Rev Dr J. W. R. 
Sarldes, July 9)! Once it denoted 
merely that the writer lacked 
ability to construct his correspon- 
dence. Now it shows foe influence 
of marketing agencies’ advice on 
construction designed to trap the 
unwary scanner. The day 1 receive 
a circular without a PS, I might 

Yours faithfully, 


52 Matlock Road, 

Caversham Heights, 


July 9. 

Cabinet pudding 

From Mr lan Robinson 
Sir, Whilst browsing through the 
cold cabinet at my local super- 
market I came across a yoghurt 
glorying under foe flavour of 
boysenberry and passion fruit 
This made me ask myself three 
questions: What is a boysenberry, 
why team it with passion fruit and 
- at the risk of sending foe 
manfuacturers to dizzy new 
heights of creative frenzy — what 
will they think of next? A new 
exciting range of vegetable fla- 
vours such as kohl rabi and 
mangetout or radish and pine- 

Yours fetthfully, 


55 Purrett Road. 

Plumstcad, 5E18. 

July 9. 


JULY 15 1940 

After the fall of France and before 
the full impact of the Battle of 
Britain hod been felt, Winston 
Churchill issued one of his rallying 
calls to die nation. In 1954 
Churchill said of his wartime 
broadcasts: "ft uw the nation and 
the race dwelling oil around the 
globe that had the lion's heart. I 
had the luck to be called upon to 
giue tke roar- “ He began his 
broadcast by explaining why it had 
been necessarv to cripple the _ 
capital ships of the French navy in 
Nazi hands. 


In an inspiring broadcast last night 
the Prime Minister declared with 
emphasis the readiness of the 
nation to defend its native land 
against the invasion with which it 
is threatened. 

Mr. Churchill said:— 

; . . Let us think rather of the 
future. Today is the Fourteenth of 
July, the National Festival of 
France. A year ago in Paris I 
watched the stately parade down 
the Champs-Elysees of tbe French 
Army and the French Empire. 
Who could foresee what the course 
of a year will bring? Who can 
foresee what tbe course of other 
years will bring? Faith is given to 
us as a help and comfort when we 
stand in awe before the unfurling 
scroll of human destiny. And J 
proclaim my faith that some of us 
will live to see a Fourteenth of July 
when a liberated France will once 
again rejoice in her greatness and 
in her glory, and once again stand 
forward as the champion of the 
freedom and the rights of man. 
When that day dawns, as dawn it 
will, the soul of France will turn 
with comprehension and kindness 
to those Frenchmen and French- 
women, wherever they maybe, who 
in the darkest hour did not despair 
of the Republic . . . 


All goes to show that the war will 
be long and hard: no one can tell 
where it will spread. One thing is 
certain, the peoples of Europe will 
not be ruled for long by the Nazi 
Gestapo, nor will the world yield 
itself to Hitler’s gospel of hatred, 
appetite and domination. 

And now it has come to us to 
stand alone in tbe breach and face 
the worst that the tyrant's might 
and enmity can do. Bearing our- 
selves humbly before God, but 
conscious that we serve an unfold- 
ing purpose, we are ready to defend 
our native land against the inva- 
sion by which it is threatened. We 
are fighting by ourselves alone But 
we are not fighting for ourselves 
alone. Here in this strong city of 
refuge, which enshrines foe title- 
deeds of human progress, and is of 
deep consequence to Christian 
civilization; bore,- girt about by the 
seas and oceans where foe Navy 
reigns, shielded from above by the 
prowess and .-devotion of our air- 
men. we await undismayed foe 
impending assault ... 

Should the invader come, there 
will be no placid lying down of foe 
people in submission before him as 
we have seen — alas 1 . — in other 
countries. We shall defend every 
village, every town and every city. 
The vast mass of London itself, 
fought street by street, could easily 
devour an entire hostile army, and 
we would rather see London laid in 
ruins and ashes than that it should 
be tamely and abjectly enslaved. I 
am bound to state these facts, 
because it is necessary to inform 
our people of our intentions and 
thus to reassure them . . . 


I stand at the heed of a 
Government representing all par- 
ties in the State, all creeds, all 
classes, every recognizable section 
of opinion. We are ranged beneath 
the Crown of our ancient Monar- 
chy. We are supported by a free 
Parliament and a free Press. But 
there is one bond which unites us 
all and sustains us in the public 
regard — namely, as is becoming 
increasingly known, we are pre- 
pared to proceed to all extremities 
to endure them, and to enforce 
them. That is our bond of union. 
For this bond we- shall keep 
nothing back and we shall go ail 

T hus on ly in times like these can 
nations preserve their- freedom; 
thus only can they uphold the 
cause entrusted to their care. But 
all depends now upon foe whole 
life-strength of foe British race in 
every part of the world, and of all 
our associated peoples and of all 
our well-wishers in every land 
doing their utmost night and day, 
giving aU, daring all. enduring alL 
to foe utmost, to foe end. This is 
no war of chieftains or of princes, 
of dynasties or national ambitions. 
It is a war of peoples and of causes. 
There are vast numbers, not only 
in this island but in eveiy land, 
who will render faithful service in 
this way, but whose names will 
never be known, whose deeds will 
never be recorded. This is tbe war 
of the Unknown Warriors. But let 
all strive without falling in faith or 
in duty, and foe dark curse of 
Hitter will be lifted from our age. 

Open to view 

From Mrs Deborah Clark 
Sir. I. to my amusement, have 
been regarded as a foreigner in my 
own country. 

A few years ago I was in a 
souvenir shop in Canterbury dur- 
ing the height of the tourist season. 
I was buying 3 few postcards and 
since l wanted to get rid of as 
many small coins from my purse 
as I could rather than hand over a 
pound. I was standing by the 
counter counting out the coins 
from my hand. 

The shop assistant leaned right 
over foe counter, took my hand in 
hers and with a large smile 
counted foe money out of my 
hand for me. 

I murmured "Merci beaucoup". 

Yours truly. 


14 Manor Park Avenue. 

Princes Risborough. 

Aylesbury. Buckinghamshire 


i n£ L iivica 7 u caPA V J UL'x ' i 3 1 9oo 






July |4: The Duke of Edin- 
burgh, President of the Guinea 
Pig Club, this evening attended 
a dinner. 19 mark the Cub's 
45th Anniversary, at the 
Copthome Hotel, Copthomc, 
West Sussex. 

His Royal Highness, attended 
by Squadron Leader Timothy 
Finneron, was received by 
Group Captain T. G leave (Chief 
Guinea Pig). 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips this morning opened 
the World Water '86 Conference 
at Olympia. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the President of the 
Institution of Civil Engineers 
(Mr Donald Reeve). 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Marie 
Phillips, President of the Save 
the Children Fund, attended a 
luncheon given by the Foreign 
Press Association (President. 
Mr Roland Hill) at the Hyde 
Park Hold, Wl. 

The Countess of Lichfield and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Peter Gibbs 
were in attendance. 

July 14: Princess Alexandra and 
the Hon Angus Ogilvy were 
present at the Express News- 
papers Commonwealth Games 
Luncheon at the Savoy Hotel, 

Lady Mary Mumford was in 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales will visit Sum burgh Air- 
port. Vjrkie. Shetland, on July 
24 to commemorate the fiftieth 
anniversary of the opening of 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales will open the new oil rig 
repair quay. Dales Voe, Ler- 
wick. on July 24, visit Lerwick 
Town HalL and dine with the 
Chairman and Trustees of the 
Port of Lerwick at the Shetland 

Science report 

Grass set to rescue wildlife 

To mark the thirty-first anniver- 
sary of the death of Mr Calouste 
Sarkis Gulbenkian. a memorial 
service will be held at the 
Armenian Church of St Sarkis, 
Ivema Gardens. London. W8. 
on Sunday. July 20. 1986. at 
noon, after the celebration of the 
Divine Liturgy which will begin 
at 1 1 am. 

Birthdays today 

Professor Sir James Ball, 53; Mr 
Julian Bream. 53; Sir Douglas 
Busk. 80: Lord Buxton of Atea, 
68: Mr Robert Conquest. 69; 
Colonel J. L Corben-Winder, 
75; Professor Sir David Cox. 62; 
Sir Alexander Durie. 71; Lord 
Edmund- Da vies. 80; Mr M. A. 
Elliott, 50; Air Marshal the Rev 
Sir Paterson Fraser. 79: Sir John 
Graham, 60; Mr R_ Hammond 
Innes, 73: Sir Larry Lamb, 57; 
Miss Iris Murdoch, 67; Mrs 
Juliet Pannett, 75; Lord 
Shackleton. 75; Mr Ron Smith 
71; Air Chief Marshal Sir 
Ruthven Wade. 66. 

Church news 


TTh* Rev A R Oxboroe. Team Vicar 
In the Hereford St Martin Team 
Ministry, diocese of Herefojd. to be 
Team vicar. Hanley Team, diocese of 

The Rev S D Parsons. Assistant 
Curate. All Saints. Newton Heath, 
diocese of Manchester. 10 be vicar. St 
James. Ash ton-under- Lyne. same di- 

Canon J F Portion. formerly Canon 
Residentiary. Norwich Cathedral, di- 
ocese of Norwich, to be Canon 
Emeritus Of Norwich Cathedral 

The Rev O K Price. vicar. St 
James. Hey wood, diocese of Manches- 
ter, to be Rector. St Chad's. Lady bam. 
same diocese. 

The Rev J C R Raybould. Assistant 
Curate. St Luke's. Cannock, tuocoe of 
Lichfield. 10 be Diocesan Training 
Officer and pnest-in-charoe. Leek 
Wood on. diocese of Coventry. 

Canon A Shackleton. vicar. St Luke 
with All Soul's. Heywood. and Area 
Dean of Rochdale, diocese of Man- 
chester. to be Vicar. Rocnoalc in the 
Rochdale Team Ministry, with 
responsibility for St Chad. Rochdale. 
He remains Area Dean of Rochdale, 
same diocese. 

The Rev I K Stubbs. Industrial 
Miss loner and member of the Oldham 
Team Ministry, in charge of St 
Andrew^. Oldham, diocese of Man- 
chester. to be Team Rector of the 
united benefice of Langley and 
parkfleki. same diocese. 

The Rev N Strafford la be licensed 
to the parish of Long wood, diocese of 
Wakefield, as non-stipendiary min- 

The Rev 5 P Springe U. Assistant 
Curate. Great Clacton. St John the 
Baptist diocese of Chelmsford, to be 
Rector. Rayne. same diocese. 

The Rev A Ridge. Pnest-in-charge. 
Stoke Ash with Thwalte and 
Weihertngsett. Thorndon and 
Rlshangles. diocese of SI 
Edmundsbury and Ipswich, to be 
Priest -In -charge. Ruby with Great 
Saxham and Lithe Saxhorn and 
WesUry. same diocese. 

The Ret D rtabbnon. Curate. St 
CuUiberL BWingham. diocese of Dur- 
ham. to be Vicar. Long wood, diocese 
of Wakefield. 

The Rev E I Staler. Assistant Curate. 
1 NSM 1 . Cherry Willingham and 
GreeiweU. diocese of Lincoln, to be 
Assistant Curate. Cleet homes Team 
Ministry, same diocese. 

The Rev P A Smith. Curate. SI 
Mary Magdalene. Rlbbleton. Preston, 
and in charge of St Anne. Moor Nook, 
diocese or Blackburn, to be Vicar. St 
Peter and St PauL RishlOh. near 
Blackburn, same diocese. 

The Rev A F Tremiett. Vicar. 

Southway. diocese Of Exeter, to be 
also Rural Dean or Plymouth 
M no nude, same diocese. 

The Rev P j Sutcliffe. Curate. 
TettenhaU Regis Team, diocese of 
Lichfield, to be Team Vicar. 

TettenhaU Rems Team, same diocese. 

The Rev R d vincenL Assistant 
Curate. St John. Atherton, diocese of 
Manchester, to be vicar. St James. 
East Crompton, same dlotvse. 

The Rev M Walkey. Rector. Ash Ion 
with Hartwell, diocese of Peter- 
borough. 10 be Team Rector. 

Halesworth. diocese of SI 
Edmundsbury and Ipswich. 

The Rev J M warden. Curate. 

Northallerton, diocese of York, to be 
Vicar. KirkiUle with Nawton. same 


The Rev E R Bards ley. vicar. St 
Andrew. Tiverton, diocese of Exeter, 
to resign from September 50. 

The Rev A Wh Dick. Rector. 
Lifton. diocese of Exeter, to resign 
from September 10 . 

in the Forces 

Lieoteaaiil General Sir Charles 
Huxtable to be Quarter Master 
General Ministry of Defence in succession to Gen- 
eral Sir Richard Trant. 

Major General C. P. R. Palmer 
to be Military Secretary Min- 
istry of Defence in October in 
the rank of Lieutenant General, 
in succession to Lieutenant 
General Sir David Mostyn. 
Brigadier R Scott to be Com- 
mandant Royal Army Medical 
College and Postgraduate Dean 
in July in the rank of Major 
General, in succession to Major 
General B Livesey. 

Royal Navy 

CAPTAINS: A D E Pvhder-Cudllp to 
Challenger In Cmd. Dec ». P F 
wason 10 MoD tLatidoni. December 

iLondom. Oct 7 : D Cartlidge to 
QNCFLEET. Nov 2d; R H Coward to 
A rl i. R 2 val - P** 19; M F C Etiwry to 
MoD 'Baihi. Jan 6. 1987: a L Horton 
as NA and AA biamabad. August 4: 1 
*"0 to AFSOUTH. Nov 17: A R 
v. lo Each Sen with RAN. Jan 
12. . 987. p H Longhursi 10 Ariadne. 
Nov 25: T M Maitemun lo MoD 
1 London x Nov 13. A N DuPort lo 
Juno in Cmd. Nov 3. A J Prosser lo 
Colllngwood. Ocr 31; D I Ramsay lo 
MoD i Lon don i. Jan 6. 1987: C Rhw 
Jones lo Exch Sen. LSN War Coll. Oct 
17: »■ P Shepherd to MoD 

iPorlsdowiu. Oct 21; B J Slevens lo 
MoD iPorlsdowm. Nov IS: P A 
Sturgm to MoD iBaltn. Nov 14: b A 
Wick ere. lo Mod - London i. Nov 14; R 
A Wilson To Seatva<*h. July 5. 
CHAPLAINS. R D Baxendale lo 
Broadsword. S-pl 3: M W Bucks lo 
HMS Naval Bitw. Ponsmoulh. Sent 
23. M H G Henicy lo HM Naval Base. 
Rosyth. Sept 30. 

Royal Marinas 

Hooper, to ctcrm. as Corps Colonel. 
April 27. 1987: JS Chester to 40 COO 
Rm as CO. March 24. 1987. 
MAJORS: T P P Knott. 10 DCGRM. as 
ADRM Ops. Jan 23 1987: J V 
Rowland to shape, as RM Instructor. 
Jan 23. 1987: j r Alter to 42. cdo 
R m. Novr 7: M J Meardon. to 3 CDO 
Bde Air Son Rm as CO. Aug 10- 1987: 
A A Milton lo RM Plymouth for 
JSOC. Jan 13- 1987. 


CAPTAIN. J D w Husband. Sept 3. 

The Army 

COLONELS: J V Grieve RRC to 
Commandant QARANC Training Cen- 
tre. Nov 24: R E Johnson RRC 
loDIreclor of Studies RAM College 
Millbank. Nov 10. M J Smith ARRC to 
Chief Med (Nursing) Western DtstrtcL 
Oct 27. 

PimMe ARRC lo Chief Instructor 
QARANC Training Centre. Oct 13; S 
M McAuiay RRC lo Deputy Matron 
Cambridge Military Hospital. Aider - 
shot. Dec 8: M A Taggart to Deputy 
Malron Due he* of Kent Military 
H o-> pi la] . caiierirk. Dec IS: K M 
Taylor lo Matron BMH Munster- Dec 
29; M A Agate RFC to ADANS UKLF. 
Jan 12. 1987: H M Dlxon-Nuttall 
ARRC lo Deputy Matron Queen 
EILabelh Milita ry Hospital. Woolwich. 
Jan 19. 1987: R Timms to Matron 
BMH Rinlein. Feb 2. 1987: S N 
Cooper ARRC to Matron BMH Hong 
Kong. Feb 23. 1987: M C J Russell 
ARRC to Matron Louuc Margaret 
Maternity Wing. AidershaL March 16. 

Royal Air Force 

AHQ Cyprus. July 17- N B Baldwin to 
Mud. July 18: M J Gibson to MoD. 
July 18: P J Arthur to MoD. July 14; 
A J Bentley to Somli. Seafand. Jtdy 7: 
D H G Baker lo Upavon. July 7. 
HQ AAFCE. July 18: R C Wlllto- 
Fjeiwng lo Brockrelei. July 1& J 
Donachy lo MoO. June 30: J D 
Burrell to HQ RAFSC. June JftPM 
Marshall to MoD. July 14: j J GUson 
to CSDE Sw Anion Morlev. July l a. J 
O Bales lo HQSTC. 'uly 14. M E 
Elunkell to HQSTC. July 14 

Farmers may do longer need 
to drain wetlands to improve 
their agricultural productivity, 
in the process destroying an 
important and declining wild- 
life habitat. 

Scientists at die Open Uni- 
versity biology department re- 
port promising results in 
growing reed canary grass. 
Photons Aruadinacea, on satu- 
rated soil similar to that found 
in wetlands. Photons, which 
grows natural ty in wet ground, 
gave better yields than rye 
grass, Loltom pereaae, the 
staple animal feed crop grown 
on drained land. 

Conservationists are wor- 
ried about drainage in any 
area of sensitive habitat be- 
cause lowering the water table 
can damage the ecology of the 
area directly affected as well 
as any adjacent nature site 
which is otherwise protected. 

Even if the removal of 

By Gareth How Davies 

incentives made it no longer 
worthwhile for farmers to 
plant cereals on drained land, 
conventional agricultural 
opinion is that drainage would 
still be necessary to grow 
Lotiom, widely favoured for its 
heavy cropping for cattle feed. 

The Open University scien- 
tists argue that Photons could 
meet their requirements for 
fodder or silage while obviat- 
ing the need to drain - tailoring 
the crop to the land rather 
than the land to the crop. 

The team planted Photons 
and Loltom into PVC contain- 
ers in wetland soQ taken from 
the river flood plain. Both 
grasses received identical 
treatments of fertilizer and 
levels of drainage. 

Photons growing on saturat- 
ed soil gave higher yields than 
Loltom growing on the same 
soil which had been drained on 
cuts taken throughout the 

growing season. In cuts taken 
m August at the end of the 
season Phaloris yielded be- 
tween IS and 20 per cent more 
dry nutter than Loliom. 

The findings support results 
from trials in the USA and 
Germany. The Open Universi- 
ty team accept Photons will 
grow well la land which floods 
periodically and then dries op, 
snch as the ecologically impor- 
tant Somerset Levels and. the 
Norfolk Broads. 

Another possible benefit of 
Photons is its apparent ability 
to remove applied nutrients, 
especially nitrogen and phos- 
phorous, which can d amag e 
the- ecological balance of 

The research team recom- 
mends that field tests be 
Hndertaken to further test the 
potential of Photons as an 
alternative crop to Loltom. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr C.D. Hannan 
and Miss C.J. Rutherford 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles, younger son of 
Mr Robert Hannan. QC- and 
the late Mrs S. Harman, and 
stepson of Mrs R. Harman, of 
17 Pdham Crescent London, 
SW7. and Charlotte, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs David 
Rutherford. ofThe Old Rectory, 
Ladbroke, Warwickshire. 

Captain G.A. Judd 
and Miss N.A.D. Scott-Masson 
The engagement is announced 
between Gordon Judd. The 
Royal Tank Regiment, only son 
of the Jate Mr H. D. Judd, and of 
Mrs B. M. Judd, and Nadine, 
younger daughter of Captain D. 
j. Scott-Masson. CBE. RD, and 
Mrs Scott-Masson, of Bath. 

Mr S.E. Levinson 
and Miss S.P. Hat chick 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, elder sod of 
Mr and Mrs Ellis Levinson, of 
Chelsea. London, and Sarah 
Penelope, daughter of Dr and 
Mrs Bernard Hatchick. of 
Hamsptead. London. 

Mr M. Parry 
and Miss E. Ockenden 
The engagement is announced 
between Malcolm, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs J. I. Parry, of Ruff 
Lane. Ormskirk, and Elizabeth, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs M. J. 
Ockenden. of Brook Lane, 

Mr TJL, Phillips 
and Miss C.E. Trow 
The engagement is announced 
between Timothy, son of Mr 
A.G. Phillips, of Stamford. 
Lincolnshire, and Mrs D. E. 
Zuger, of Carlton, Leicester- 
shire and Carolyn, elder daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs Kenneth 
Trow, of Porthill, Shrewsbury, 

Mr P-J. Robson 
and Miss A.C. Lowe 
The engagement is announced 
between Philip, youngest son of 
the Rev B. J. and Mrs Robson, 
of Tolleshum D"Arcy, Essex, 
and Andrea, only daughter of 
Mr and Mrs R. K. Lowe of 
Great Chesterford, Essex. 

Mr I.E. Tomsett 
and Miss M.G. Cassidi 
The engagement is announced 
between lan Egerton, younger 
son of Mrs Tomsett, 51, Res- 
ervoir Road. Whitstable, Kent, 
and Melian Geraldine, youngest 
daughter of Dr and Mrs Cassidi, 
Si Dunstan's House, Canter- 
bury. Kent. 

Mr M. Vjestica 
and Miss J-A. Gates 
The engagement is announced 
between Milan, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs N. Vjestica. of Stoke- 
on-Trent. Staffordshire, and 
Jacqueline Ann. only daughter 
of Mr and Mrs F. J. Gates, of 
Chesham, Buckinghamshire. 

Mr J.G. McWhirter 
and Miss ML. Wickersham 
The engagement is announced 
between Graeme, son of the late 
Mr Fredrick S. McWhirter and 
of Mrs Mina Oundjian. of 
Roehampton, London, and 
Maureen, daughter of the late 
Mr Donald Wickersham and of 
Mrs Rosemary Wickersham. of 
Havertown, Pennsylvania. 

Mr PJ.G. Wi lliams 
and Miss P-A. Came 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs T. G. Williams, of Briar 
House. Weston Road, Bath, and 
Penny daughter of Mr and Mrs 
G.P. Came, of Winnersft, 

Mr G.O. Williams 
and Miss P-A. Tinker 
The engagement is announced 
between Gareth, younger son of 
the Rev H. and Mrs Lawley 
Williams, of Midsomer Norton. 
Somerset, and Paula, only 
daughter of Mrs Marie E. Tin- 
ker. of Firgrove House, Slindon, 
West Sussex, and the late 
George M. Tinker. 

Mr T.C.H. Yang 
and Miss D.V.H.H. Yu 
The engagement is announced 
between. Trevor, son of Mr 
Justice Yang and Mrs Yang, of 
Hong Kong, and Eton Avenue, 
London. NW3. and Dominica 
Veronica, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs P- S. S. Yu, of Hong Kong, 
and Stanhope Place. London, 


Sir Michael Nairn 
and Mrs Sally J. Stalker 
The marriage took place on 
Wednesday. July 9, at St 
Michael's Ballinutiin, of Sir 
Michael Naim. Pitcarmick, 
Blairgowrie, Perthshire, and 
Mrs Sally Straker, younger 
daughter of Major and Mrs W. 
P. S. Hastings. Brandy Well," 
Eglingham. Alnwick, Northum- 
berland. The Bishop of St 
Andrews, Dunkeld and 
Dunblane officiaied- 

Mr M. Gatehouse 
and Miss DJ. Wiggin 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. July 12, 1986 at St 
Pauls. Ashford Hill, Newbury, 
of Mr Michael Gatehouse, son 
of Captain and Mrs Richard 
Gatehouse. of Easton, 
Mewbury, and Miss Davina 
Jane Wiggin, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs George Wiggin, of 
Whitehall House, Ashford Hill, 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Lady Sarah Vi liters, 
Kate Wiggin, Zoe Wilkinson, 
Katie Corbin, Lara Harrap, 
Luke Hyde-Smith, Raoul Mil- 
lais. Dominic AkervDougias 
and Simon Lowndes. Mr John 
Gatehouse was best man. 

A reception was heid at the 
home of the bride and the 
honeymoon is being spent 

Mr C J LC. Law 
and Miss T.Y.Y. Ko 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday. July 5, in the Church 
of Our Lady, St John's Wood, 
London, between Mr Chris- 
topher Law, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs Stephen Law, and Miss 
Teresa Ko. eldest daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Michael Ko. 

Mr W.L. Mills 
and Mrs R-A. Madcod 
The marriage took place in 
Guilford on Saturday, July 12, 
of Mr Wayne Lawrence Mills, of 
Newfoundland, Canada, and 
Mrs Rosemary Ann Madeod of 
Cram ock, Cornwall. 

Comte G de Porters 
and Miss B. B laker 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, July 12. at Brampton 
Oratory, of Comte Charles de 
Pomeves, eldest son of the 
Marquis and Marquise de 
Pomeves, of Neuilly-sur-Seine, 
and Miss Bettina Blaker, youn- 
gest daughter of Mr and Mrs 
John Blaker, of London- and 
Hong Kong. Father John 
Fordham officiated, assisted by 
Father Jean Charies-Roux. and 
Abbe Philippe Breton. * 

The bride was attended by 
Leila and Ghislain d'Aramon, 
Ludovic de Galzain, Olivia 
Bernard, Virginia Lowe, and the 
Hon Asia Mackay. Comte Lau- 
rent de Pontevds was best man. 

A reception was held at 
Oaridge’s, and the honeymooon 
will be spent in Bali. 

Dr AJVLShatt 
and Miss JP Adamson 
The marriage took place on July 
5, 1986, in the Henry VII 
Chapel, The Chapel of the Order 
of the Bath. Westminster Abbey, 
between Dr Adrian . Michael 
Shutt, youngest son of Mr and 
Mrs Arthur Shutt, of Sunbury- 
on -Thames, and Miss Jane Pa- 
tricia Adamson,- second 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Nor- 
man Adamson, of Guildford. 
The Right Rev E. G. Knappr. 
Fisher. Sub-Dean of West- 
minster officiated, assisted by 
Canon W. HL Butter and the Rev 
Michael Thomson. 

Mr M.A. Smith 
and Miss SJP. Peat 
The marriage took place on 
Saturday, July 12, at St Paul's 
Church. Caton, Lancashire, of 
Mr Michael Smith, son of Mr 
and Mrs A. G. Smith, of 
Delgany, Co Wicklow and Miss 
Susan Peat, daughter of Mrs S- 
Peat and the late Mr R. Peat, of 
Caton. Lancashire - 

Mr CD. Thorne 

and Miss A.M.C. Healy ’ 

The marriage took place on 
Saturday, July 12. in Southwark 
CachcdraL London, between 
Clive, elder son of Mr and Mrs 
D. Thorne, of Eastbourne, Sus- 
sex. and Alison, only daughter 
of Commander M.R. Healy, of 
Beaulieu-sur-Mer. and Mrs M. 
Healy. of Fareham. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

f4 a Em + 15X VAT 

(minimum 3 Jincsj 

Announcement*. auihcnticaJcd by ihc 
name and pcrmancni address of the 
sender, may be sent lo: 

PO BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
Loudon El 

or telephoned (by telephone sabs- 
cibcrs only) w 01-421 3024 

Announcements can be rrecitcd by 
telephone between 9 00 am and 
5 . 30 pm Monday lo Fridas on Satur- 
day between 9 00 am and 12 noon. 
( 01-481 4888 My). For publication ihc 
Mtowmfi tlay phone by IJOpm. 

raHrecoMws uahhuges. wbjdhgs 

nr on Court and Social Fane {G a tan 

+ 15 % vat 

Court and Social Page announce- 
ments can noi be accepted by 
telephone. Enquiries lo: 01-822 9553 
lafiCT 10 . 30 am). or said la. 

1, Pi—i«|1n« SM. Mm El. 

Pkssc allow ai least 48 hours before 

Finally. BrrUirrn, l am ml. D» nnf«cL ba 

of good comfort, be of one mind. Ihe In 
pmtr and the Cod of lei* and BMW 
snail bo wild you 

2 Corinilam 13: II 


on 9th July, to Roger and 

Belinda uwe Ward! a son. Thomas 
James, a brother lo William. 

BAX - On Juiv 9U». lo Deborah m*e 
Yodel and Nigel, a daughter. Rebec- 
ca Kate Laura, a sisier for George 
and Sarah. 

BLOMEFIBLD - On July the 14th. at 
ihe John HadcJifre. lo Gina and 
Charles, a daughter. 

BROUGHAM on Sunday. July 13th. to 
Susan (nee Mason i and Nicholas, a 
daughter. Claire Emma Louise, a sis- 
ter for Caroline. 

COBBY On 12th July at King College 
lo Mar> i nee Reilly and Mark, a son 
Tom. a brother Tor Lucy. 

COSTLEY -WHITE - On July 7th al 
home, to Cnartone (nw Way) and 
David - a son. Aieunder James, a 
brother fw Beniamin. 

FRASER - On 24rh June, to Donald 
and Diane fn*c onotdi. a daughter. 
Sophie Juliet, a safer to Charlotte. 

FRE1R ■ On July t3in. to Valerie tnee 
Sihermam and Andrew, a son. 
Dougal Murdoch, a brother for 

GIBBS - On July I4UI. ai Queen 
Chariot re’s, lo RoseUnd mee Robryi 
and Andrew, a daughter. Mala. 

GOOD ALL - On Julv 12 U 1 . at Queen 
CnariwWv to cnanes and Louise 
mee Footnti. a daugnier. 

CORING • On juLv 1 1th. to Johnny 
and Maxine tEiansi. a son. 

HELUWELL on July 1 2th. al Lfsmore. 
NSW to Sarah, mee Hartand) and 
□and. a daugnier. Catherine Sarah, 
a sister lor Rosalind. 

HORNE - On July 7th. at William Har- 
vey HospitaL io Jane and George, a 
second daughter. 

HOWE on July 14th in Hong Kong lo 
Tessa mee Gadsden) and Tom. a 
daughter Rachel Tessa. 

HOWE - On July 9th. at John R add life 
Hospital. Oxford, to Pamela (nee kfe> 
and James, a son. Thomas. 

LESLIE - On July 14th. at Queen 
Cnarlolte's Hospital, to Christopher 
and Hilary, a daughter. 

NARAIN - On July lllh. lo CaroUne 
mee Carte) and Ranv. a daugnier. 
Tara Louse 

WGNATTI MORAN 0 - On 12th July. 
1986 at St. Teresa's Howtlal. Wim- 
bledon to Natasha (neeSokoiow i and 
Giullo. a son. LodovKO Stefano. 

PUMPHREY • To Nicky and Joe. a 

ROBINSON . On July 14111. 1986. la 
Vivien mee Pllklnglon) and Made, a 
son. James Mark Foster, a brother 
lor Alice. 

THOMAS ■ On July Die 11th. al 
Bremhlil. to David and Frances, a 
daughter. Emma Oiwoi Jennifer, a 
sister for Philip. 

TREBLE - On July 8th. in Sydney, to 
Stephen and Dinah, a daughter. Lucy 
Alexandra Elizabeth. 

VAUGHAN - On July 1 2Ui. to Boo m«e 
Mardneaiu and Oliver, a son. 
■ Jamie, i 

WILLIAMS - On July 3rd. at 
Farn bo rough, to Frances tnee 
Thompson) and John, a daughter. 
Eleanor Marlon. 


BEMROSE On July 13th 1986 peace- 
fully al The Pines nursing home. 
Derby. Sir John Maxwell beloved 
husband of Margaret, adored father 
oi Anthony and Paddi and greaiiy 
loved Grandfather of his seven 
grande nudren. Funeral sen- Ice al SI 
John's Church Hazelwood Derby on 
Friday July 1 8th at ZOOpm Family 
flowers only Mease but donations if 
desired lo Derby Samaritans C, O Uve 
treasurer 1 IO Burton Road Derby. 

BURGHES - On 11th July. 1986. in 
peace after a short Illness. Harry 
MacLeod Burghes. F H ICS. of 
Lyme Tree Farm. Kington Langley 
near Chippenham. Wiltshire. Be- 
loved husband of Barbara and dearly 
loved fattier Of Arthur and Alice. Fu- 
neral Service at 2 oo pm on 
Wednesday. 16th July al Kington 
Langley Church. Flowers may be 
sent 10 F. W. Jonw * Son. Market 
Place. Chippenham or. If preferred, 
donaikxis to the British Diabetic 

On lOUl July. 1986. 
Peacefully ai home. Alan 38 yean. 
Greatly loved and missed by his wi/e 
Janet and sons Benn and Tom. Fu- 
neral service at SL Mary's Ash Vale 
at ll-JOam on I6ui. July, /oho wed 
by cremation at Aldershot. Family 
flowers only, donations, if desired, lo 
Cancer Research. C O 326 Bale 
Road. Ash Vale. Aldershot Hams. 

CULLEN ■ on July 7th. 1986. aged 80. 
Jean Finlay Hunter, wioow of Ste- 
phen and mother of Thomas. Robert 
and Andrew of 15 Osborne Road. 
Wokingham. Berks Cremation win 
lake place at Eavihampsiead Park 
Crematorium on Thursday. July 
17th at 3 30 pm No Rowers please 
but donations. IT desired, to the 
N S-PC.C. 

de GUNZBOURG On July 10th 1986 in 
Pans. Philippe, hinnand of Marque- 
nie. rather of Pamce. Jacques. 
Heimc. and A I lx. and brother ol 
Alin e Benin. 

FREER - On Julv 9lh. 1986. af home, 
me Reverend Charles Kindersiey. 
aged 70 . eldest son ol Ihe lan? Manr 
and Mrs R. C Frew of Latue Comp- 
ton. much loved bromer ol Siepnen 
and Tom. and loving unde io Isabel. 
Funeral al St Mary's Church. 
Chastleton. Moreton- in -Marsh. Glos. 
al 2 30 pm on Friday. July lan 
Family flowers only. Donations may 
be given lo the ChasUeion Church 
Restoration Fund 

HARRIES Kendal Bushe - On July 
13Ui. Funeral at GreaUuun July 17th 
ai noon. 

HORROGKS - On 9 July. 1986. sud- 
denly ai hb home in Paris. Stanley 
Derek Horror**, dearly loved hus- 
band of Kay and rather or Sue. Julie 
and Tim. Funeral Service and pri- 
vate burial to be held in La Cede St. 
Cloud. France. 

JORDAIN on July 12lh at Ihe Royal 
Devon and Exeter Hospital peaceful- 
ly Noel Megan J ordain beloved wife 
of Richard and dearest mother of Sa- 
rah. Joint Principal of Montpelier 
SchooL Patgnton. 1956 to 1985 Fu- 
neral service to be held at Christ 
Church Paignton on Friday 18 Ui 
July at 230 p.m. Followed by pri- 
vate cremation. Family (tower; only 
but If desired donations In her memo- 
ry lo the Imperial Cancer Research 
Fund. c. o Messrs Coomaes & Sons 
Funeral Directors. Bovey Tracey. 
South Devon. 

LAMING Eric Laird - On 1st July. 
1980. peacefully at Eastbourne. Sus- 
sex. a distinguished learner for 40 
years- formerly Headmaster of Nev ill 
House School. Easfooame Beloved 
brother of Phl'iUs Matthews Crema 
uon has taken place. Donations to Ihe 
National Trust. 

LOCH - On July 1 llh. OAKLEY, dear- 
ly loved husband of Vera, devoted 
father of Peter and Jody, father in- 
law of Brenda and Neil, and loving 
grandfather. Funeral Service on Fri- 
day. July 18th at SI. Paul's Hadley 
wood at it 00 am. followed By pri- 
vate cremation. No flowers. 

MacCARTHY - on July 12th. suddenly 
afier a short illness. Dermod. dearly 
beloved husband of Marle-France 
and father of Hilaire. Charles. Sootue 
and Peter. Funeral on Friday July 
I8UI. 3.00 pm. at St Mary's Church. 
Hardwick, near Aylesbury. 

MACLEOD peacefully at The 
Raramore Hospital Inverness on Sat- 
urday July 12th 1986. Lt. Col. Olaf 
MacLeod. Coke's Rifles. Indian Army 
irehredL Beloved husband of Hester. 
Corse HID. Jamestown Strath peffer. 
Ross-5htre. Funeral service at 
Fodderty Strath petfer Church of 
Scotland on Wednesday July 1 6th at 
2.00 pm. Thereafter to Urray west 
buna! ground. All friends respectful- 
ly united. No flowers. Donations In 
lieu in aid of The Highland Hospice 
Appeal. Inverness may be made If 

MATHERS - On Sunday. 13th July, 
peacefully al home in Hav-on-wye. 
Margaret. wHe of James and mother 
of Pei or and Alison Memorial Ser- 
v ire al SI. Mary's. Hay at 2.00 pm on 
Thursday. 17th July. 

OLMEY Elisabeth Hare fPoweli - On 
June 30 aged 96. in Seattle. Beloved 
mother of Sigourney. John, and the 
late Robert, wmow of S. B. Qlney. 
and earner of Ll. william B. Fraser - 
Campbell. Argyll & Sutherland 
l-i Km langers nulled in action 19101. 

PARSONS ‘ Betty i - Beloved sister of 
Claudia and bfe-kmg friend of many 
pupils, peacefully al borne on 13th 
July. In her 9oui year. Service al 
2 15 pm al St. John the Baptist 
Church. Wonersh. followed by pri- 
vate memo non. Family flowers only. 
Donations to Caraeners Royal Be- 
nevolent Society. Bridge House. 139 
Kingston Road. Leainerhead. 

ROWE - On Sunday. 13th July. Albert 
Frederick, husband of JUL father of 
David and Hats. Funeral at Sl 
J ohn's Crematorium on Wednesday 
at li.OO am. No flowers. Donations, 
please, to Cancer Research Fund. PO 
Box 123. London WC2A 3PX. 

SPENCER MOORE - On July lllh. 
suddenly al home. Daphne infeMur- 
ptiyi loving wue of Pat and beloved 
mother of Sarnia and Sasha and 
grandmother of Hotly Family Fu- 
neral Service only. Memorial Service 
on Friday. August 1 5th al 2.30 pm at 
Sl Luke's Church. Groyshon and af> 
lerwards at Cross Stream. No 
flowers but donations, u desired, to 
Ihe Royal Marsdeo Hospital. 
Brompian Road. London. 

WELLS-COLE - On July 1 1 lh. m hospi - 
lai Horace Neville WedvCoie. 
M B E. of Broom Hill. Saham Toney. 
Norfolk aged 85 yean Cremation 


IN PROUD and unfading memory of 
Lieut. Col. Alexander Simpson Smith 
R A.M C. "The strength of gentleness 
ihe might of meekness the glory of a 
courage unafraid, a constant lose a 
tenderness for weataKS* were In hte 
lace In his life displayed". 


Latest appointments include: 
Princess Alice, Duchess of 
Gloucester to be Patron of the 
750th anniversary festival of 
Peterborough Cathedral. 

Mr Peter O’Keeffe to be leader 
of the British delegation to the 
follow-up meeting of the Con- 
ference on Security and Co- 
operation in Europe, at Vienna, 
with the rank of ambassador. 
Mr Michael Knowles, MP to be 
Parliamentary Private Secretary 
to Lord Elton. Minister for 
Planning and Regional Affairs. 
Mr Anthony Breton to be a 
member of the National Con- 
sumer CounriL 

Mr Rodney Mflnes to be editor 
of Opera, in succession to Mr 
Harold Rosenthal who will be 
Editor Emeritus on his retire- 
ment in August. 

Dame Alicia Markova to be 
president of the London Festi- 
val Ballet. 

Dr Seamus Hegarty to be Senior 
Deputy Director of the National 
Foundation for Educational Re- 
search in England and Wales. 

Mr Ian Martin to be Secretary 
General of Amnesty Inter- 
national, in succession to Mr 
Thomas Hammarberg, who 
leaves the post in September. 

Mr Christopher Heaps and Mr 
David Senior are reappointed 
Joint Deputy Chairmen of Lon- 
don Regional - Passengers* 


Mr Jarlath John Finney. Mr 
Geroge Alfred Bathmrst-Nor- 
man, Mr Martin Graham, QC. 
and Mrs M F Name to be 
circuit judges on the South 
Eastern Circuit. 

Mr Maurice Chapman Carr to 
be a circuit judge on the North 
Eastern Circuit. 



Dr Dermod . MacCarthy, 
FRCP, the paediatrician who, 
during the 1950s, encouraged 
parents to be present in the 
wands with their hospitalized 
children, died on July 12. He 
was 75. 

The son of Desmond 
MacCarthy. the foremost liter- 
ary critic of his day. he was ' 
educated at Gresham's 
School, Holt, and medically in 
London at St Bartholomew’s 
Hospital, qualifying in 1937. 

He early decided to devote 
himself to children's medi- 
cine, and was working at 
Great Ormond Street 
Children's Hospital at die 
outbreak of war in 1939,- 
remaining there until - 1942 
when he joined the RNVR. 

MacCarthy was one of the 
outstanding figures among a 
small band or paediatricians 
who, after the end of the war 
in 1945, found themselves 
with the responsibility of set- 
ting up cbflaren's units across 
the country. 

Soon after the NHS was set 
up in 1948 he was appointed 
consultant paediatrician to a 
group of hospitals in Bucking- 
hamshire, centred on Ayles- 

- bury. Here he worked until his 
retirement in 1975. 
in 1947, he. married Marie- 

France Geoffr oy-Dechau m e 

who had beat awarded the 
Croix de Guerre for. her work 
in the French Resistance. 
Hilaire Belloc, himself half 
French, had been 
MacCarthy’s godfather and a 
formative influence in his 
youth. The marriage quickly 
enriched MacCarthy's already 
strong affection for all things 
French. . ; . 

Uhl ike sonic doctors, he 
had the gifts of intuition and 
imagination}'^- : artistic • 

temperament 7 ' - and he was 
fortunate ip that his work gave 
him .the. opportunity to use 
these gifts constructively. His 
understanding of -the children 
under his care was exception- 
al, as was, his insight into the 
impulses and emotions -of 
their parents. 

When in the 1950s the 
highly restrictive . arrange- 
ments for children, in hospital 
wards began to relax, it was 
inevitable ' (bat he should 
come to the fore, and he 
remained a friend and adviser 
to the National Association 

for the Wdfere of Children in 
Hospital from its inception. 

He succeeded in involving, 
himself in. Imfh the. world of 
clinical paediatrics - in 1974 
he was president _qf the 
paediatric section of the Royal 
Society of Medicine - and m 
that of child psychiatry- From 
1958 to 1978 he was honorary 
children's physician to .the 
Institute of Child Psychology 
in London. . ^ 

This ability to move effec- 
tively among both 
paediatricians mid child psy- 
■ chiamsts made his 1 infl uebce 

was this influence that "was 
. recognized by his colleagues 
when, in 1982; the British 
Paediatric Association awaid- 
.• ed him its highest honour^ the 
James Spence MedaL ■ 

Fortunately for his friepds, 
something of his charm; wit 
and zest, together with" an 
enviable capacity to recall bis 
own childhood, are embodied 
in his Sailing with Mr B'euoc, 
written just before his dgath 
: and soon to be published. ' ' 

He is .survived by his wife 
and their four children. V 


Professor R. Derydc Wil- 
liams, an outstanding Virgil ■ 
scholar and teacher, died on 
July 9. He was 68. 

Williams was born in Bir- 
mingham on November- 27, 
1917, and educated at'King . 
Edward's School, Birming- 
ham, and St John's College, 

During the war be served in : 
Persia and the Middle East as 
an officer in the RAF special 
duties branch. 

He was appointed to the 
department of classics at 
Reading University in 1945, 
and was to make a life-long 
career there as teacher, tutor, 
researcher and supervisor of 
higher degree students. He 
was appointed Professor of 
Classics in . 19741 

During his professorship at ; 
Reading .he was much in 
demand as a speaker and' 
regularly visited universities 

overseas, teaching at Chicago, 
Pennsylvania, \nctoria British 
Columbia, Gtiawa. Canbcrra, 
Perth; Melbourne and Otago. 
.He was an outstanding lectur- 
er and teacher; his lectures, 
particularly on- his-"favouritc 
poet, Virgu, were marked by. 
enormous enthusiasm and hu- 
manity,' and also by a splendid 
delivery, especially of quota- ' 
tions both in Latin and in 

He made Virgi] his life's 
work and was the obvious 
choice to produce a pamphlet 
reviewing contemporary Vir- 
gil studies for the Classical 
Association, for which he 
produced . supplements at 


In 1982, he was commis- 
sioned with T: S. Pattie to 
prod nee a. commemorative 
‘work VirgiL His Poetry 
through the. . Ages, for .foe . 
British Library's bimillennary 
exhibition. Other publications 

include Aeneas and the Ro- 
man Hero; a chapter on < 
eighteenth and\. riineteefcth 
century attitudes fo Virgil ur 
D. R* Dudley's collection of 
essays;? chapter on theAeneid 
in the Cambridge Histoty oj 
Classical Literature; and a 
commentary on C. pay 
Lewis's, translation ,of. the 
AeneicL X 

;* Before he died, Williams 
submitted the manuscriprpf a 
book tin Virgil For the .general 

He was president - of -die 
Virgil Society in 1975 >nd 
president- of the Classical . As- 
sociation in 1981. V 

He was a keen cridceter in 
his-yQuth, and-he excefled at 
squash, which he played, at a 
high, standard until ' his. $5th 
birthday. - . . / 

His- wife .Grace, prtde- 1 
: ceaned'him^m , 1979. 3 Jnere 
were thrre : daughters af.foe 
marriage- . . . - r 


Maxgalo Gillmore, the dis- 
tinguished American actress, 
died in New York City on July 
2. She was 89. 

Gillmore studied at the 
American Academy of Dra- 
matic Arts and made her New 

, , . a,- ., L Behnnan’s No Time, for , ; of. 

Lauref MaStermazr. m .The.. ^nnipiin- . hnu^fv 

Scrap taper. In. 1919 she.7 Cornea^ . hugely 

During this period shetilso 
made two appearances t in 
London: in the fis$L Enghrii 
production of Ad My Sans at 
the Lyric in 1948, and latfr in 
The Bad Seed, with Diana 
Wynyard, at the AldwychT- , 

' She made few films, butione 

In the 193Ds she played for 
two- years with Katharine 
Cornell in The Barretts oj 
Wimpole Street, and she creat- 
ed one of the leading roles in 
The Women which again she 
played for two years. In 1939 
v . - J01 , _ she acted with Olivier in 

York stage- debut in 191 T as fiehrman’s Ab Time. IUT . L , t , 

, _ successful ‘ ffigh 

During the ^ar-she wept to: ^ 

France and foltaly'alcting in- '• foany yrars tind 

Mrs fair it.tte Hqu, Milter.^ 


Psa&iPS .» siSbfti 2ste2SJS?*5Ss 

made' a greats success with 
Henry Miller in The Famous 

Green Hat, and from 1926 in a After the war, Gillmore 
series of plays for the Theatre returned to Broadway 'm Stote 
Guild, among them S. N .of the Onion and other sue-- 
Behnnan’s The Second Man cesses including Mrs Darling . 
with the Lunts, and opposite in Mary Martin's Peter Pan 
Leslie Howard in Berkeley and in Nod Coward's Sail 
Square. Away. 


Lord Zuckemam, OM * writes : . Ability ’ : Of Admiral - “Red” 
The obituary of Admiral ' Rabom, with whom Rickover 
Rickover in your issue of July later collaborated. He was, 
9, wide-ranging' as it was, - however,-, .in - charge of the 
foiled to mention the debt 1 development of - the; 
owed him by the United Shippingpon nuclcar power 
Kingdom. ' 

As head of the electrical 
section of the Bureau of Ships 
in Washington during the 
Second World War, he gave 
considerable help to foe Royal 
Navy, and this was recognized 
by his appointment as an 
honorary CBE 
He later used his powerful 
influence in the Congressional 
hearings which resulted in the 
1958 amendment to the Mc- 
Mahon ' Act of 1946, an 
amendment which allowed for ' 
the transfer of information 
about nuclear propulsion! to 
third parties. As a - result, the 
United Stales was aide. to sell 
to the United Kingdom a 
Skipjack propulsion plant. 

Even though he used to 
insist that it was not- bis 
"business to run the Royal 
Navy", he again helped more 
directly, when we ran into 
difficulties during the early 
stages of our own develop- 
ment of nuclear propulsion. 

Admiral Rickover was not 
concerned with the develop- 
ment of the Polaris ballistic 
missile, which was the respon- 

ahd'her apartment “ on’East 
54th Sheet became ^centre 
for visiting Ehglisfr players. 

Her autobiography, Four 
Flights Up, was pubfiSied in 

- She was married to the actor 
Robert Ross, who died in 


' : BEAMAN •; 

• Mr George .William 
Beaman, GC; - who won his 
.Edward Medal ^translated to 
the George dross: in 1971).for 
» . a daring mines rescue in 1935, . 
■t*- died on July 13 at Inglewood, yj 

Western Autsralia. He was 8Z 
reactor, wiwch was designed- - . - •; . . . 

by Westinghouse, and which - vi^iS£ eyemBe August 
went critical at the end of 22, 1935, two explosions 
1957, a few months after our ocarred at the South Kmcby 

colliery, Yorkshire, at a point 
about 1% miles from the shaft 

own ChWer Hall station start- 
ed to defiver power to the 
national grid. 

As one who was privileged 

It was . thought that these 
were due to a gob fire and it 

to enjoy the dose friendship of was decided to seal part of the 
Admiral Rickover for more district by erecting stoppings. 

than 25 years, I should also 
like to pay tribute to his 
immense physical courage in 
- making himself personally re-. . 
sponsible for the safety - of . 
nuclear submarines. He took 
charge of every -new Gubina-' 
rine when it was put through 
its first sea-trials, which usual- 
ly mdudetia power-dive - and 
be always dressed m civilian 

After his retirement from 
active service in 1982, he 
devoted all his resources to the 
educational foundation 
named after him. 

Sir Max BemrosC, chair- 
man of the family firm, 
Bemrose Corporation Limit- 
ed, from 1953 to 1978i died on 
July 13. He was 82. 

At. 3 pm the following after- 
noon, -there was a further 
explosion which severely; in- 
jured anumber of men, 

Beaman and two others at 
once went to look for, and to 
heljvtne injured and, with the 
assistance of fresh arrivals, ten 
men .were carried out alive. 
One died almost fthmediaftfly, 

: eight within a few . days, and 
one recovered. 

Daring these operations, 
which involved; repeated jour- 
neys to and from the face, 
Beaman and his companions 
displayed great courage and 

He also held the Defence 
MedaL the. War Medal, and 
foe. Queen V Silver Jubilee 
MedaL 1977. , 

Abbot elected 

Dom Alan Rees, aged 45, has 
been elected Abbot of Belmont 
Abbey, Hereford, in succession 
to Dom Jerome HcxUdnson who 
has retired after 16 years. 

A convert to Roman Catholi- 
cism be joined the Community 
in 1968 and- was ordained in 
1974. Dom Alan composed the 
music for the 1982 Papal Mass, 
Cardiff; and the 1980 Pastoral 
Congress. Liverpool 


Royal Orer-Seos League 
Mr Richard Luce. Minister for 
Use Arts.. was the guest speaker 
at a meeting of the Discussion 
Circle of the Royal Over-Seas 
League held last night at Over- 
seas House. St James's. Mr. 
Maneck Dalai, chairman of the 
central council, presided.' 

Latest wills 

Captain David John Lycett, of 
Gian Conwy, Gwynedd. Master 
of the Saudi Arabian tanker, 
who was killed by shrapnel 
while trying to get his crew .off 
the blazing ship after it had been 
hit by rockets in . the Gulf on 
May 1. left estate valued at 
£192.128 net. 

Sir Charles Joseph - William 
Harris, of Fir Tree .Court, Alum 
Lane. Elstree. Hens. Private 
Secretary to a succession of 
Conservative and Labour Chief 

Whips. left £68.808 net. 

Baron Fulton, of Thornton 
Dale. North Yorkshire, the first 
Vice-Chancellor -of • Sussex 
University: lefl £271.886 net: . 


tori Northbrook 
Lord Northbrook . and Lord 
Congleion entertained,’ trustees 
of the Wessex Medical .School 
Trust at dinner xn -the' House of 
Lords last night. Among those 
present were 


Sir Douh 

Mfltor. Sir Charter rnurenf- Protcsaor 

David wuaon. 

Company of Chartered - 
Accountants . 

The Lord Mayor, and Lady 
Mayoress, accompanied by the 
Sheriffs and their, hitiej, at- 

tended the annual; dinner of the 
Company of Chartered Accoun- 

tants in England and Wales &dd 
at the Mansion’ House yes- 
terday. Mr .Alderman David: 
Rowe-Ham; Master,. -premded, 
assisted by Mr D. G.' Richards 
and Sir John Greciufe. wardens.' 
The Lord Mayor and Mr -Frank 
Mufralso spewe. Amotfg others 

present were: 


'(■count- and .vwmbmi merman.. 

Lord Lo odtttio rough. srjMbert and 

co% Ibr -Mtter ot- tne gtocst? 
O mipan y, aaojgra Sparta and ttw 
^^o^^rodcmri- Gompeny 

Company electic 

Mercers' .Comgfaity- 
The.fonowng have been el 
.officers of the Mercers' ( 

pany for (he ensahur yean 

Masur. Sir MlchaM ’iKrrtson- 
wani<n.: Mr D™ wwiS? i 

Warden. Mr. B u .wanxnr t 

Warden, tbe Earl or sSoSL* 
Bntwere' Company 
The foliowinffhave been eli 
officers of the - Brewers' < 
pany for ihe ensuing vean 

Chartmd Surveyors' Cob 

The following have been e 
officers of the Char 
Surveyors' Company fo 
msuing year, to take off? 
October 16, 1986: 

, » Jdl5iC 

5“»h Oerks'.Compi 
ifie lolkiwinghave b< 
officers of the Paii 





• , v .tr y 

*.jrv vV-.'i* ' 5 
-‘i 4l ; i 


Hollow a master reinstated 
• 10n in the pantheon 

Meeting Teny Waite on a 
train somewhere and enter ing 

r< ... wiCi’nj, 

= ^ :r 

r£. a* 

: V~ •uCV 0 **? 

-* 1 ’ 

1 ■"-■ -.* r - ;i55n.S> 

■ ■ : ft 



1 . 1 . MORE 

peasant might rea- 
. . , sonabry draw any of the 

;• Ztfeburfc * following conclusions: Oat the 

s -.Ins!-*- . 5*n is l) the Archangel 
1 bit' St ^ Gahriel,.2) a clerical version of 

iH' *®fcj ‘ General Haig or 3) an “iater- 
: r. fer ^8 bwybody*’ (the recent 
: -sW*? - rf one MP). Watching 

L ™:: Ml? 1 : ■ hm last night, in conversation 
l '-. . ; r r> v ■ ! .wfth Princess Anne, the penny 
i “ 5“*^ dropped that Terry 

• ; :-^k 3S ■ Plight have his eyes on 

toffler rote-model, 

' -.n; ■ 10 Sa? • nwnely Alistair Barnet. 

• 1?" 7- One's first response to the 

-v.vV' ! #|F Snews that the Archbishop's 
: 7."?* but ~ Special Envoy bad beat called 

.■■■ ■'« '..upon to present a series of four 

' ' ' ' - L‘5 ih C * interviews was that the BBC 
». v .-.most be In terrible trouble. 

\\JT T t , *' Pw’s. second response; in 

‘A-LlAVlri watching the first of these, A 
m - m . ftoyat View (BBC2), was that 

ifj , if is — at least for the next 
- i ;Lj- 1 three Mondays at around S30. 

af The Problem was not Prin- 
7 i. kj vj T 7 ;f cess Anne, who was relaxed, 

^ . 7 cofe* natural and, like her father the 

- week before; just not prepared 
' ' °> answer questions she 

■ - _ - --t'ivVS thought stupid- (“Would yon 
V. /. 3 ‘ f S - say yon were a good mother?” 
"Vj;rr. * • *3* monarchy as popnlar as 
' Jj .it's ever been?* 1 ) No. The 
■; i-t* a '■ problem lay in these stnpid 
••• : -"7 ^ questions which elicited noth- 

1 ■ ’■ Zi -r: 1 !^! Eing bat an exchange of views 
" ^ . consisting largely of platitudes 

• : ‘ and giggling. 

• X vv-r'^t .. Looking like a great St 
: VL, ,C 1 ; 7 Bernard which had lost its 

— _ - : 'JOtfj ' ‘ brandy-barrel Waite fnspect- 

" ed his hands and started 
~ ‘ S- fficfij. . talking about himself. Instead 
v .. .’" injV of drawing iVincess Anne otrf 
. ““ *. . T - 5&Si . more specifically about her 

~ - -"'J -7 hivalnable work for children in 

. a . ' developing countries, he told 

;-j n. his own trips, the 

~ j, ^difficulties he has when ac- 

r; ; companying the Archbishop, 

the time when be was held op 
in Africa. Suddenly, the priest 
had become the confessor. 
Potting one final question — 
■' ‘ f... .."And FU answer it first” — 

- Waite revealed he would like 

‘ '•' have, been a musfdaii. 

iVjJ gracefully the Princess 
• —-7 ; wished him welL 

- Another drarehnan, David 
’ Protheroe, was shamelessly 

■’.x'-r -.using the cameras to greater 
'-s? - .-effect on BBO- Produced by 
J: ; ftrian Tnrvey, No Vince to Rest 

was * hamming documentary 

• - which foflowedthfsrpvereiHFs 

’. l V ^expofittre of Merthyr Tydfil's 

. X kM^I anadL Ten years ego 

Merthyr nmnidpal cmnetery 
; . -A- ^wai. dedared frdl by flie sex- 

... 7-..TJ “ - ton, yet tiiecouncfl continoed 

v--,"- : ®« - and, as a Jesuit, 

"; v “ desecrate thousands of graves. 

‘ - The anguish of those who 

“ . X I“d exhumed the remains of 
'“■" J ” their relatives was keenly 

conveyed — as was the posa- 

‘ ". . 77 - iMtity that such goings-on were 

nqt restricted to Merthyr. 1 The 
community's finger pointed 

....... r j. 

I * •" ‘i?. 

mk oeohge 


tremblingly at tfao town hall, 
whose suence was as mnister 
as the aamsations levelled 
against it Apparently the only 
power with authority to prose- 
cotetherotmefl on this matter 
1 is tiie council itself. 

* . Nicholas 


* ;‘# A recital is being given in 
7 the Crush Bar at Covent 
.■ .Garden on Thursday by Ann | 
* Murray and Philip Langridge 
- : m aid of this year’s Wexford 

- . Festival. A limited number of | 
tickets wfll be on sale at the | 
■:"I door, price £15, which includes 
aprc-reciial diink at 12.30 and I 

* '-a buffet. lunch at 2 following! 
' - the^ performance. 

Masterpieces of 
Victoria and Albert 

L’Amour fon: 
Photography and 


The reputation of William 
Mulready has probably suf- 
fered more than any other 
from the Victorians' passion 
for turning all their great men, 
retrospectively at least, into 
plaster saints. Not that a 
wildly irregular sex-life such as 
Mul ready’s, littered apparent- 
ly with “low boys” (his wife’s 
phrase) and long- and short- 
term mistresses, necessarily 
does anything to make anyone 
a more interestingartist But it 
does, for us at least, make him 
a decidedly more interesting 
man, and gives us a different 
angle of approach to his art 
This Mulready sorely needs, if 
he is to be redeemed from the 
class of cosy Victorian anec- 
doialists like Frith. And this is 
precisely what he gets in the 
Victoria and Albert’s revela- 
tory show, which until Octo- 
ber 12 is marking the 
centenary of his death. 

For though, as Marcia 
Poinion, author of the excel- 
lent catalogue/book and the 
very useful captions to the 
individual exhibits, points 
out Mulready was undoubt- 
edly much concerned with 
telling stories in pictorial 
terms, that does sot mean that 
he was totally unconcerned 
with everything else. The s to- 
nes behind his pictures have, 
indeed, often become so much 
overlaid with other things 
that even in his own day, they 
often stood in need of expla- 
nation. And in any case we axe 
usually- presented .with more _ 
of a dramatic situation than & 
whole narrative that we are 
expected to disentangle. 

. The wonderfully, intricate 
The Careless. Messenger De- 
tected^ (1821), for instance, 
does invite usto suppose that- 

The C anadian mezzo-soprano 
Sandra Graham showed great 
courage in wholly reshaping 
her recital programme at short 
notice when her debut partner 
fell ill Few mezzos have the 
agility to bring off the florid 
decoration of Rossinfs “Non 
piu mesta” from La Cener- 
entola with such effortless 
aplomb, but the thing I really 
appreciated in this remarkable 
voice was its complete reli- 
ability'; and sublimely pure 

■ As’yet Miss Graham has not' 
developed an effective Lieder 
style — facial expressions 
alone are superfluous if the 
voice itself is not conveying 
the poetic impulse behind the 

The British pianist Adrian 
Sims, winner of the 1981 
Chappell Gold Medal has a 
tendency to concennate on 
externals. His pianism de- 
lights in the transparent tex- 
ture: his musicaliiy is cul- 
tivated rather than inspir- 
ational. Beethoven’s “Wald- 

the boy who has been sent to 
buy candles with his baby 
sister has let himself be led 
astray by rough companions 
into playing games disap- 
proved of by the mother who 
is bawling him out for his 
■ misdemeanours. But that is 
the mere skeleton of a situa- 
tion, hardly more than an 
excuse for Mulready to elabo- 
rate one of his characteristical- 
ly intricate, tense compo- 
sitions, leading us to home in 
on bizarre details, like the 
single watching eye glimpsed 
in the crook of the defiant 
boy’s arm. or adventure away 
into the far distance through 
the gate in the background, a 
typical Mulready device, be- 
fore returning inevitably to 
the central drama. 

In other words, Mulready is 
almost always much more 
complex in his interests, and 
in the demands he makes on 
us, than would at first glance 
appear. And it is surely not 
just the extra knowledge of his 
private life we can obtain from 
reading the astonishing letter 
from his wife I have already 
quoted (which is included in 
the show) that makes us 
suppose there is frequently a 
much stronger sexual under- 
current in his work than we 
might expect from the model 
husband and father, of mild 
and melancholy mien in his 
later years, that F. G. 
Stephens’s 1867 biography 
presents us with. The seeming- 
ly innocent Brother and Sister 
of 1835-36. seen in this light, 
takes on a far different signifi- 
cance, since quite evidently 
what we are shown is a piece 
of sexual by-play with the 
baby being dandled as excuse 
and cover. In any case, who 
are the brother and sister? The 
child and the girl holding it? 
Or the boy and the child being 
held in some maidservant’s 
aims? Or — surely not — the 
two young people so sugges- 
tively intertwined over the 

Such questions are not as 
frivolous or irrelevant to the 
artistic effect as we might 
guiltily suppose. A similar 
interest is built qulte.certainly . 
into Mulready’s academic 
nudes, so much more evasive 
and evocative that Etty’s for- 
ays- into Rubens territory. 
There is hardly a Mulready. 
painting — and nearly all the - 
major works extant are includ- 

London debuts 



stein” Sonata had the odd 
combination of relaxed tech- 
nical mastery and bonhomie 
of mood that deadened its 
dramatic effect. It was too 
. pleasant bn the ear. Sims does 
full justice to the polyphonic 
side of the music, however, 
and this is much to his credit 
It would be good if this 
concern could extend u> em- 
bracing a greater awareness of 
the structure: 

The soprano Fatima Alegria 
from Brazil has had many 
years' experience of public 
performance, though she is 
certainy more adept in the 
operatic repertoire than in 
Lieder. Her sunny voice has a 
wide and effective range. Op- 

ed in this show - which does 
not require, and enforce, a 
similar close attention, not 
only to the superficial story- 
telling elements but also to the 
highly sophisticated methods 
of picture-building he uses 
and to the rich and sensuous 
quality of the paint itself. 

Anyone who remembers the 
dazzling show of the V & A’s 
holding of Mulready drawings 
in 1972 will be aware already 
that he is one of the great 
unsung heroes of English 
draughtsmanship. This show 
puts him back in the pantheon 
of great British painters, and 
in an unexpectedly exalted 
place at that. 

Upstairs in the Henry Cole 
Wing there is a show not 
inaccurately but somewhat 
misleadingly entitled Master- 
pieces of Photography 1839- 
1986 (until November 30). 
That is - to say. there is 
certainly a sufficient number 
of “masterpieces” in the sense 
of pictures that almost any- 
body even vaguely conscious 
of photography as an art-form 
would recognize at once: 
BrassaPs most defiantly busty 
lady, Kertesz's near-surrealist 
scene under a viaduct some- 
where in France and so 911, 
plus some lesser-known like 
John Deakin's battered but 
wonderful portrait of the 
young Francis Bacon, which 
must surely be recognized as 
in the same class. 

But for such a resounding 
title it is a relatively small 
show, crowded into the pho- 
tography gallery, which is 
really just an anteroom to the 
at present darkened water- 
colour room. Also, its air of 
being thrown together from 
pictures ready to hand in the 
museum's collection is inten- 
sified by the sizeable presence 
in it of modem prints rather 
than originals made by or 
under the direct supervision 
of the photographers them- 
selves — and sometimes, as in 
the case of the Beaton Thirties 
Dietrich, rather poor copies at 
that. Surely the art, if we 
accept it to be an art, calls for 
more respect than this? 

. It undeniably rerieves it in 
L’ Amour foo, an extraordi- 
nary show of surrealist pho- 
tography which until October 
5 rather incongruously occu- 
pies the. upper level of the 
Hayward while the Scandina- 
vian masterworks of Dreams 

eratic arias by the 19th-centu- ( 
ry Brazilian Carlos Gomes 
and Puccini took one into a 
realm of high romantic 

I could not have wished for 
a more touching “Si mi 
chiamano Mi mi” from La 
Bohtme. Not only was the 
legato faultless, but above this 
the intensely felt passion cre- 
ated the illusion that one was 
in a great opera-house. 

The Australian flautist Sal- 
ly Stocks seemed a little 
rattled by an over-loud ac- 
companist If she were 10 relax 
more mentally I feel that her 
at present tightly controlled 
playing could undergo a meta- 
morphosis. In the Martina 
Sonata (1945), with its fresh 
pastoral imagery, Miss Stocks 
effectively exploited the flute 
as a lightly dancing instru- 
ment; low notes in the adagio 
slow movement were magnifi- 
cently sustained. 

James Methuen- 

od} Allen's 

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of a Summer Night are en- 
sconced down below. Not that 
a touch of incongruity and 
dislocation does not become 
the show, fitting in perfectly 
with the surrealist ethos. 

The photographs — every 
single one an original as far as 
I can see — are arranged 
thematically to demonstrate 
the surrealists' attitude to 
sexuality (somewhat inclined 
to male chauvinism, it ap- 
pears, despite the presence of 
at least one important female 
photographer, Lee Miller, and 
even if we agree that BeUmer’s 
dolls in bondage are a special 
case), their gift for finding the 
bizarre in the heart of the 
everyday by isolating a detail 
or recording one of life’s more 
curious casual juxtapositions, 
and their sheer outrageous 
humour. (I heard someone 
actually laugh out loud at one 
of Man Ray’s jollier inven- 
tions, but she was instantly- 
shushed for behaviour unbe- 
coming in a serious gallery.) 

The variety is considerable, 
allowing us into many diverse 
and extraordinary private 

worlds. Some of Kertesz's 
Distortions of the early Thir- 
ties. for instance, take us into 
territory very close to the 
Picasso' paintings of the same 
period Raoul Ubac's meticu- 
lously controlled arrange- 
ments like La Chambre 
invoke a very different type of 
surrealist vision, in which just 
a touch of oddity (in this case 
the bedroom door giving 
straight on to the night sky) 
serves to throw us off our 
normal responses. And Jac- 
ques-Andre Boiffard’s ex- 
treme close-ups of fingers and 
toes might well be — and were 
perhaps sometimes intended 
to be — scientific documents 
of the kind the surrealists 
loved to annexe for far-from- 
scientific purposes. The whole 
show is a mind-opening, con- 
sciousness-raising experience, 
and what better could any self- 
respectingjsurrealist ask, espe- 
cially half a century or more 
after the event? - 

John Russell 

Music in London 



Kronos Quartet 


Fresh from knocking them flat 
at the Cheltenham Festival 
the Kronos Quartet were back 
in London on Sunday night 
for another slice through the 
modern quartet literature. 
This time the works were all 
recent, with the exception of 
LaMonte Young’s Five Small 
Pieces, which dates from the 
late 1950s and could easily 
have been half a century older 
still, so accurately did it 
convey the soft, thin, drifting 
harmonies and the miniature 
ostinatas of Webern's Baga- 
telles; only the breaths of 
melody were missing. 

One knew Young had start- 
ed like this, before becoming 
the guru of minimalism, but it 
was nevertheless mystifying to 
have the knowledge actua- 

The only other deeply tradi- 
tional offering was Wolfgang 
Rihm's Seventh Quartet, 
which has considerably less of 
the expressionist flamboyance 
than those of the other six I 
have heard. Its principal ges- 
ture, in a 20-minute single 
movement, is a stammer on 
the edge of articulacy: an 
obsessive clawing at notes and 
chords, sometimes against the 
nihilist attacks of woodblocks. 
One memorable passage had 
the cellist, who is herself a 
highly memorable player. 

Gabrieli Quartet 

Wigmore Hall 

One is always willing to ignore 
wrong notes, poor tuning or 
any other incidental mishaps 
which might occur in the 
course of the performance if 
that performance has been 
thoughtfully prepared. But in 
the case of the Gabrieli' 
Quartet’s reading of Mozart's 
F major String Quartet, K590, 
enough was enough. It was not 
just that there were more 
mistakes than usual - the 
tuning was distinctly approxi- 
mate on many an occasion. 
The dearth of spontaneous 
imagination was as much a 
cause for concern as was the 
apparent lack of forethought 
something necessary however 
often one might have played 
the piece. 

In addition the degrees of 
light and shade in the instru- 
mental tones seemed limited, 
so that most of the work came 
across as rather grey, while the 
finale in particular suffered for 
want of attention to articula- 
tion. Here also the ensemble 
was often garbled, which 
meant that the inner tension 

fighting a lone battle against 
three born-again percuss- 

Percussion instruments 
were involved too in Mel 
Graves’s cheerfully crude 
Pangaea, a package-tour of 
world musical culture. Link- 
ing, by the Korean composer 
Jin Hi Kim. was a much more 
coherent, if much less ambi- 
tious. essay in integration. 
Luminous chords, held. and 
made to glide, together with 
the more obvious introduc- 
tion of pizzicato peniatony, 
suggested a Takemitsu-like 
ability to hover between east- 
ern and western traditions. 

Kevin Volans’s While Man 
Sleeps, on the other hand, 
would have it that there is no 
“between” to occupy. Within 
a repetitive style in the region 
of Philip Glass, he found it 
perfectly possible to take up 
hints from African dance mu- 
sic, reminding one by the way 
that east-west syntheses on the 
basis of ostinaio go back at 
least to the scherzo of 
Debussy's quartet (which I 
would love to hear the Kronos 

I suppose one cannot quite 
clear one's bead of political 
implications when a South 
African composer writes a 
work with this content, and 
indeed this title, but the 
Kronos performed it as a 
virtuoso, lightly dancing 

Paul Griffiths 

of the music no longer existed. 

Fortunately Janacek's Sec- 
ond Quartet. “Intimate 
Letters”, elicited a response 
from the Gabrielis which was 
obviously more involved, al- 
though again there were one or 
two technical problems and 
one sensed that some of the 
composer's more personal 
rhetorical gestures were fitted 
somewhat awkwardly into the 
design of the whole. Nothing, 
though, could detract from the 
emotional power of this score; 
it is good that we are getting 
the chance to hear it relatively 
often these days. 

But it sits side by side with 
Schubert’s “Trout” Quintet to 
the latter's detriment, tending 
to overwhelm its more deli- 
cately expressed passions. 
Here the quartet, shorn of a 
second violinist but augment- 
ed by the double bassist 
Adrian Beers and, to the 
ensemble's eternal benefit the 
elegant piano-playing of Wolf- 
gang Manz. gave an account 
whose poise, one or two 
misjudgements aside, went 
some way towards compensat- 
ing for that early dis- 

Stephen Pettitt 

Strange and sinister 
reflections prompted by 
William Mnlready’s 
seemingly innocent 
Brother and Sister^ and a 
surrealist annexing the 
scientific approach in 
Jacqnes-Andre Boiffard’s 
Untitled (Toes and 



Kronos Quartet 

Pump Room 

Saturday's quartet programme 
looked disparate on paper, but 
turned out to be compeltingly 
unified and not only by the 
close, even severe attention 
brought to bear on all four 
works by the Kronos Quartet 
Here ai the end of the recital 
was Shostakovich’s Eighth 
Quartet proving itself just as 
much a fantasy on a single 
theme as Sailinen’s Third that 
had been heard before: the 
difference was just that 
Sallinen prefers an old Finnish 
funeral march to Shosta- 
kovich's D-S-C-H musical 
monogram. And there were 
links, too. back to the opening 
work, Peter Sculthorpe's 
Eighth Quartet, in the intensi- 
ty of the ostinatos and the 
strong vein of elegiac cello 
melody, beautifully moulded 
in botii works by Joan 

These quartets all date from 
the 1960s, at which time a 
connection between the Rus- 
sian master and younger, 
more “progressive" musicians 
might have seemed unlikely. 
The Kronos, however, have 
the style and tbe intelligence 
to overcome easy oppositions. 
By emphasizing the more 
formal qualities of the Shosta- 
kovich — its perpetual motivic 
variation, its use of the adagio 
as more a musical gesture than 
a record of feeling — provided 
for a robust performance, 
keeping its power to the end 
and not flagging under the 
load of autobiographical mis- 
ery that a more emotionally 
indulgent approach can so 
easily imply. 

Standing slightly apart, at 
the middle of toe evening was 
B'eavi'ngs by William Kraft, 
one of the festival's featured 
Californian composers. The 
piece had a good excuse for 
outsidership in combining toe 
quartet with a percussion 
soloist (Peter Sadlo), though 
in feet it achieved some 
remarkable bridgings of the 
obvious gaps, notably by hav- 
ing the percussionist bow on 
metal instruments or, in a 
passage of sheer theatre, re- 
quiring toe string players to 
turn and drift bows across 
antique cymbals as back- 
ground to a vibraphone caden- 
za. But one problem, of the 
piece, which may be a prob- 

is that snappy dosing ideas are 
much more easily found than 
lines of continuation. 

Paul Griffiths 



[>£25,000 TOP PRIZE 

|> 7 OTHER AWARDS OF £1,000 


3 NOVEMBER 1986 

W1A 4YZ. 01-493 0677 


Centenary Exhibition 
of Paintings and Drawings 

Tate Gallery Mtfliunk, London, m iP*kc 

ii June-io August 1986 

Adimwon £;.jo 

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From Susan MacDonald 

For the first time since the 
right-wing Government came 
to power m March, President 
Mitterrand yesterday said he 
would not sign its Bill on the 
privatization of nationalized 
companies in its present form 
- a Bill the Government has 
already passed by decree. 

Shortly . after taking the 
Bastille Day salute alongside 
M Jacques Chirac, the Prime 
Minister, M Mitterrand said 
in his annual July 14 interview 
on the Channel One television 
news programme that he did 
not feel the Bill, as it stood, 
gave the necessary assurance 
that the interests of the French 
nation would be protected. 

He said he felt the recom- 
mendations on privatization 
laid down by the Constitution- 
al Council at the end of last 
month should be incorporated 
in the Bill, which should then 
be debated in Parliament. 

The Bill, which covers the 
privatization of some 65 
banks and companies over a 
five-year period, forms part of 
an enabling Bill that allows the 
Government to bypass Parlia- 
ment and legislate by decree. 

M Mitterrand said he was 
particularly concerned that 
the companies should not fall 
into foreign hands in the long 
term.His refusal to sign the 
Bifi, he said, should not be 
regarded as an obstruction. 
“There is another way — the 
parliamentary way.** 

The President said the Gov- 
ernment held a parliamentary 
majority and he was confident 
its deputies could decide ac- 
cording to their conscience. 

When the Socialists came to 
power. M Mitterrand said he 
would not sign any decree 
relating to companies nation- 
alized before 1981. 

The Government's privati- 
zation plans had been a cor- 
nerstone of its electoral 
manifesto. But its small par- 
liamentary majority and the 
Socialists' obstructive parlia- 
mentary methods mean that 
the Bill would be in fora rough 
ride in Parliament 

Photograph, page 7 



■: . m : 

Carnage in Madrid: Firemen tackle a banting car after the bomb explosion in the Plaza Republics 

I V.;. y 


% *« ' 


a burnt-out bus 

in the background, and fright) a Victim is carried frqii?. the 

Eight guards die 
in Madrid blast 

Branson’s clean-np drive i Dublin complains over 

Continued from page 1 

state television on Mount 
Urquiola, near Durango, in 
the Basque country, was se- 
verely damaged in an explo- 
sion about four hours after the 
Madrid attack. Police said the 
explosive was “Goma-2", the 
material often used by Eta. 

A second explosion — ap- 
parently designed as a booby- 
trap to go off when the police 
arrived to inspect the damage 
caused by the first — came 
immediately afterwards be- 
cause of blast waves. The 
station was not in use at the 

Madrid car bomb attacks on 
Civil. Guard targets have 
grown in effectiveness, the 
first in September last year 
injuring 16 policemen travel- 
ling in a small bus and killing 
an American businessman out 

After the assassination last 
July of tiie head of Spam's 
defence planning staff, the 

Interior Ministry set up a 
special unit charged with 
breaking up the Commando. 

The Socialist Government's 
problem is that, while terror- 
ism levels have abated in the 
Basque country, this has been 
accompanied by an increased 
capacity to do damage in 
Madrid. The terrorists - 
thought to be successive 
groups who lake over the 
Commando’s name — in Feb- 
ruary assassinated Vice-Ad- 
miral Cristobal Colon, a direct 
descendant of the discoverer 
of America. 

Senor Ramon RubiaU chair- 
man of Spain's ruling Socialist 
Party, was awaiting a check-up 
yesterday at a Madrid hospi- 
tals when several of the in- 
jured Civil Guards were 
brought in. Denouncing "this 
barbarity” he insisted that the 
Government was doing every- 
thing possible to fight 

Lisbon blast, page 10. 

Con tin Bed from page 1 
but foods already allocated to 
the programme. 

At yesterday's launch Mr 
Branson said be was first 
approached three months ago 
by Mr Kenneth Baker, at that 
time the Secretary of State for 
the Environment, bat had to 
consider demands on his time 
before accepting the post. 

The scheme was launched in 
a former Victorian mill in 
Halifax, Yorkshire, now 
transformed into a thriving 
business and innovation centre 
that is home to 140 companies, 
a working example of the Idea* 
that will be favoured by UK 

The 12 members of the 
independent board which will 
promote^ the programme were 
introduced on to a stage before 
the assembled media by Mr 
Richard Keys, a sports pre- 
senter with TV-am, who then 
asked questions. Miss World- 

Two government ministers, 
Lord Young, Secretary of 
State for Employment, and Mr 

Nicholas Ridley, Secretary of 
State for the Environment, 
also spoke at the launch. 

Lord Young said; "UK 2000 
offers long-term unemployed 
people a chance to find work 
and to help create a better 
Britain under the imaginative 
leadership of Richard 
Branson. What I like most 
about this new initiative is that 
it tackles two objectives — 
improving the environment 
and generating jobs — at the 
same time.” 

Mr Ridley said that the 
initatrre would be a partner- 
ship between government, vol- 
untary organizations and the 
business world.' Work will 
concentrate on five key 
.themes: greening the dries; 
conserving and restoring the 
nation's Industrial heritage; 
• tedding litter, especially on 
the beaches, streets and road- 
sides; improving tourist facili- 
ties and information, and 
providing better care for wood- 
lands, parks, paths and other 
natural habitats. 

It was hoped to have up to a 

dozen schemes operating by 
■ November and with a substan- 
tial number of 5JM0 job places 
filled by the new year. The 
intention, however, is to create 
permanent, full-time jobs with 
the help of private business, 
especially for youngsters aged 
18 pins who have been rat of 
work for over a year. 

The main role for the new 
group will be developing new 
ideas, encouraging business 
involvement and helping dif- 
ferent organizations to work 

The advantage of Mr 
Branson in promotiqg the new 
scheme is his high-profile 
image. The photographers and 
television crews at yesterday’s 
launc h probably -- would -not 
. have been able to persuade 
Lord Young or .Mr Fridley to 
strip off to tiie waist in public, . 
don a UK 2000 T-shirt and be 
trundled along a cobbled street 
in a wheelbarrow by a group of 
youngsters working on a con- 
servation scheme. Mr Branson 
had no hesitation. 

Airline denial, page 21 

Continued frontpage l 
State,' said: “I know that they 
are concerned about some of 
the events and I absolutely 
understand why that is the 

But Sir John . Hennon, the 
Royal Ulster Constabulary 
chief, praised his officers', 
handling of the Orange pa- 
rades as they came under . 
further attack from “loyalist” 
and nationalist gangs.. 

Sir John , accused “outside 
bully boys” of attempting: to 
damage good community rela-_ 
tions by attacking the homes ' 
of 12 Roman -Gatitolics in J 
Rasfaaridn,' Co.* Antrim;'! and 
criticized the . ‘^blatant : 
irresponsibility" of some peon 
pie who had been- intent on . 
heightening tension. 

His remarks were clearly - 
directed at the Rev Ian. Pais- 
ley- ■*.* 

In Portadown yesterday po- 
lice erected a 15 ft corrugated 
fence blocking off a street 
.leading to a Roman Catholic 

area before the toyalisi Royal 
Black Preceptory paraded in 
the town before see£a 
re-enactment of the -Battlg of 
the Boyne. .' . ... v m . . 

The first Preceptories wep 
prevented- from ^passing 
through the nationalist Obi^s 
Street area but 200 loyalists 
attempted to pull 'down tfie 
corrugated iron and hutfed 
stones and bottles over it add 
at police and soldiers in tie) 
gear. * . ■ • v v ■’ 

In Belfast ; rival - ' gangs 
clashed inthe north -of the city 
where: early yesterday Ro/ A 
man .Catholic was shot- three * 
.limes in th&head. The man, in 
bis 20s, was. dragged from the 
doorway of his home - and 
taken to an alley ‘near by and 
shot at point blank rangdin a 
random sectarian attack later - 
claimed by the outlawed loyal- 
ist PrQtestantActioo Force. 

Last night the ' man was 
seriously fl] in hospital^ - , 

Midnight attack, page 2 



Today’s events 

The Queen and The Duke of. 
Etiinbuigh give a garden party, 
Buckingham Palace, 4.. 

The Duke of Edinburgh 1 visits 
the Radiotherapy and Oncology 
Departments, Westminster 
Hospital, SWl, 10.15; and then 
visits Motor Torpedo Boat 102, 
the London Fire Brigade Pier, 
Albert Embankment, SEI, 

The Prince of Wales attends a 
reception given by the London 
Cornish Association. Vintners’ 
Hall, Upper Thames St. EC4, 6. . 

The Princess of Wales visits 
the Royal Mint to open the | 
Precious Metals Unit and j 
commemorate the Royal Mint's 
1100 Years in Minting, 
Uamrisant, Pontydun, Mid 
Glamorgan, 10.40. 

The Duke of Kent, Grand 
Master, attends the Annual 

Service of the Order of St 
Michael and St George. St Paul's 
Cathedral. EC4, 1 1.25 
The Duchess of Kent, as 
Chancellor, presides, at the-$tu-~ 
dent Degree Ceremonies. Leeds 
University. 12.30. . 

- Prince Michael of Kent, as 
Patron, attends a meeting of the 
Horse and Pony Driving Trials 
Supporters Gub, The Royal 
Mews. Buckingham Palace, 12. 

New exhibitions 
Plagiarism Personified?: 
European Pottery and Porcelain 
Figures. Adeane Gallery, The 
Fitzwilliam Museum, 
Trumpington St, Cambridge; 
Tues to Sat 10 to 1 and 2 to 5, 
Sun 2.15 to 5. (ends August 31) 
The Other Decade: works- by 
Peter Saville, City An Gallery, 
Mosley St. Manchester; Mon to 
Sat 10 to 6 (ends July 27) 

Art At Work: artist’s eye view 
of high technology industry in 
action, Welsh Industrial and 

lustrial and 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,098 


1 Officer, single, sunk in de- 
pression (7). _ 

5 With an obsession, Teddy 
can inspire fear (7). 

9 Meeting Frenchman lacking 
in charm (5). 

10 Low Sunday, as it were — 
first of days in low 
surroundings (9). 

11 Coloured man from Mo- 
rocco (9). 

12 Subject of false report for 
instance, that's put about 

13 Merger of firms concluded 
with a drink (5). 

15 Current society escort (9). 

18 Anyone who likes can give 
me collars (3,6). 

19 Arrange to meet in Cov- 
entry station (5). 

21 A loaf in the van (5). 

23 Comedian chronicled by 
Homung? (9). 

25 Country, about to invade 
England, diverted (9). 

26 Top garden party? (5). 

27 The flower is within my 
grasp (7). 

28 Cross when anodyne is mis- 
used (7). - 


1 Coach - it crashes, out of 
control (7), 

2 Short article from abroad, 
coming to the point (9). 

3 Component of petard can 
hoist the engineer (5). 

4 Murder — deceased carried 
only one pound (9). 

5 A couple to stay (5). 

6 One found in bird book, 
when looking up (9). 

7 Woman about to approve 
produce (5). 

8 From a castle at Rye, per- 
haps, to mean tenements 

14 Evasion — the French have 
no right to the ball (9). 

16 Unbelievable profit, we’re 

- told (9). 

17 My rest may get disturbed 
by lack of balance (9). 

18 Monk put up school in com- 
pound (7). 

20 Half go bust a number of 
times (7). 

22 with equal stakes in the 
Robert Louis Centre (5). 

23. Shy girl, without sex appeal 

24 Potassium and nitrogen 
have become familiar (5). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,097 

H E ffl H li 

anr=mn .ESiiEnraEssis: 

EI @ : E B E 0 13 

0 13 ra • © » • • E 

n p it ..rams 

iyssniSs • 

_i ffl C5 E5 ffi P? 

e? m e n e ■ n • k rs 

Martime Museum, Bute St, 
Cardiff; Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 
2.30 to 5 (ends July 30) 
Exhibitions in progress 

Sporting Life: Anthology of 
British sporting prints, the 
Leicestershire Museum and Art 
■Gallery. New Walk; Mon to Sat 
10 to 5.30 (ends Aug 10) 

Local Artists Beinnale 5: 
paintings, drawings, prints and 
sculpture. City Museum and Ait 
Gallery, Museum Rd, Old 
Portsmouth; Mon to Sat 10.30 to 
5 JO (ends July 27) 

Paintings by AJeksander Zyw, 
Scottish National Gallery of 
Modern Art, Belfoid Rd, Edin- 
burgh; Mon to Sat 10 to 5, Sun 2 
to 5 (ends July 20) 

Disappearing Forest Wildlife: 
the threat to the world’s wood- 
lands and their wildlife, the 
Yorkshire Museum, Museum 
Gardens, York; Mon to Sat 10 to 
5. Sun 1 to 5 (ends 3 1st October 
H987) ' 

Ceramics. Paintings and Pot- 
tery by Robin Welch, the City 
Museum and Art Gallery, Be- 
thesda St, Hanley, Stoke -on 
Trait Mon to Sat 10.30 to 5, ( 
Sun 2 to 5 (ends September 21) 

Organ recital by Andrew 
Goodwin, Bangor Cathedral. 

Recital by the Arensky Trio. 
Hawkshead Parish Church. 8. 

Organ recital by Michael Har- 
ris. St Marlin’s Church. Scar- 
borough. 7 JO. 

Organ recital by Colin Walsh. 
St Mary Redcliffe Church. Bris- 
tol. 7.30. 

Contemporary Sea Songs by 
Cyril Tawney, Rod Shearman 
and Bemi Armstron. Bridge 
Hotel. CasUegarib. 8. 

Cheltenham Festival of Mu- 
sic. piano recital by Neil 
Rutman, Pittville Pump Room. 
11; Concert by the City of 
London Sinfonia: Town HalL 8. 

Chichester 911: recital by 
Manough Pari loan (violin), 
Amaryllis Fleming (cello) and 
Hamish Milne (piano); the ball- 
room. 6 and 8.15; Baroque 
I music by The Consort of 
Twdve; Assembly Rooms, 7.30. 

East of England Show: East of 
England Showground. 
Alwalion. Peterborough: Tues 
to Thurs 8.30 to 6.30. 


Births: luigo Jones. London, 
1573; Rembrandt, Leiden. 
Netherlands. 1606: Henry Ed- 
ward Manning, cardinal. Arch- 
bishop of Westminster 1865-92, 
Touerbridge. Hertfordshire, 
1808: Alfred Hannsworth, 1st 
Viscount Northdiffe. proprietor 
of The Times 1908-22. Dublin. 

Deaths; James Scott, Duke of 
Monmouth, executed. London. 

Parliament today 

Commons: (2.30): Debate on 
Alliance motion on high tech- 
nology. Bexley London Borough 
Council Bill, second reading. 

Lords: (2.30): Social Security 
Bill, report, second day. 

TV top ten 


Pollen count 

The pollen count for London 
and the South-east issued by the 
Asthma Research Council at 10 
am yesterday was 38 (low). 
Forecast for today. similar.. For 
today's recording call British 
Telecom's Weatherline: 01-246 
809 1 , which is updated each day 
at 10.30 am. 

National (op ton television programmes In 
me weekeuMng Ah Jtey : 


1 Easterners (Thura/Sun) 1 5.10m 

2 Easterners (Ttws/Sun) 13.90m 

3 TharsLtta 11.70m 

4 News and Weather (Sun 205 0) 

5 A Deafly Puzzle 9.25m 

6 Mne O'Oock News (Wed) 9^)m 

7 Dasas 9.05m 

8 Dynasty fcthaCoRiys 8.70m 

9 'no 'no 8.60m 

10 In Sickness and in Heaitfi 8.45m 


1 Coronation Street (Mon) Gr13.05m 

2 Coron a tion Street (Wed) GrllSOn 

3 News at Ten (Mon) H11 55m 

4 Return To Eden (Mon) It 9.80m 

5 Crossroads (Wed) Ce 9 -20m 

6 Crossroads (Thurs) Ce 9.0ftn 

7 Crossroads 

8 Emmerdale Farm 

9 Winner Takas All , w mhu 
10 Emm o TOa l e Farm (Thun) Yo 8.15m 


1 Wimbledon: Mans Final 9.30m 

2 A Very Peculiar Practice 6.85m 

3 Wkrtoledan '88 nThtrs 1697) 6.25m 

4 The Searchers 6.10m 

5 MASH 5.45m 

6 Smtay Grandstand (13^5) 5415m 

7 Moonlighting 4.65m 

8 The Hosing Arts 4.45m 

9 Caddie 4.10m 

TO TheGroaf Egg Race 4.10m 

Charwri 4 

1 Brooksida (Mon /Sal) 6.05m 

2 Brooksidfl (T ues/Sat) 5.35m 

3 international Atttettcs (Mon) 4.15m 

4 The torapaafable Who Dares Wins 

5 Cheors 3.05m 

6 The Cosby Show 260m 

7 Saboteur 2.60m 

8 St Ssowhera 2^5m 

9 What « it's Raining? 2.40m 
10 Budgie 2.40m 

Breakfast t el ev is ion: The average 
weekly figures for audiences at peak 
times (smh figures in parenthesis 
showing the reach - the number of people 
who viewed for at least three minutes): 
BBC1: Breakfast Time . : Mon to Fd 

TV-am: Good Momma Britan Men to Fri 
2.0m (9 An) Sat 23m (53m) 

Sun 1.0m (123m) 

Broadcasters' AutSence Research Board. 

Times Portfolio Gold rules are as 

,a i°Tirres Portfolio b fre e. P urchase 
of The Times b nM a rendition of 
taklns part. 

2 Times Portfolio list cgmprtsa a 
otoud of public companies whose 

SKres VTftd* me siock 

Exchange and auored in The Times 
Stock &echangeprtce Trtie 
companies comprtsinB that bl win 
change from day. to J3*J9 

iwhlch ts numbered > - 4 4). ta atviocd 
Inio rour randomly d wl srouw 
of ll shares. Every Portfolio card 
con [aim two numbers fTora each 
group and each card contains a 
unique set of numbers. 

3 Times portfolio ‘dividend 1 will be 
the figure In pence which repres ents 
i he optimum movement in prices ike. 
the Largest Increase or lowest loss) of a 
combination of eloiu «wo tram, eaon 
randomly dwrtbutedqroup wfttdn the 
** shares) of Ihe « snarm which an 
any one day comprise The Timm 
Portfolio 1UL 

4 The dally dividend win be 
announced each day and Ihe weehttr 
di\ id end will be announced each 
Saturday in The Times. 

5 Times portfolio UM and l detolb of 
Ihe dally or weekly dlvtdMd win also 
be available for inspection at the 
offices of The Times. 

6 If Hie overall prire nwvemtsnt of 
more than one combinat ion of shares 
equals the dividend, the prize will he 
equally divided a mo no Inc dalman 
holding those cor 

7 All claims are sutriret «» vmattny 
before payment Any Times JPorUoUo 
card that Is defaced, tampered with or 
Incorrectly printed in any way will t>e 
declared void. 

8 Employees of News IntemaUonaJ 
Pk and Us subsidiaries an d of 
Europtlnr Group Limned [producers 
and distributors of By . <**4>„, ae 
mem b er s or thesr immediate famuli 
are not allowed to p toy Time* 

9 All pvticipuns win be subject lo 
these Rules. AU imtructloro on. "how 
lo play" and "how lo claim" whether 
published In The Times, or irt Times 
Portfolio cards will be deemed Jobe 
part of these Rides The Editor 
reserves the right to amend the Rule*. 

10 In any dispute. The Editor's 
decision K final and do correspon- 
dence win be entered into. 

London and S ou th- — t A40& East-, 
hound lane restrictions , twtvaon Luton 
and Offley. M3: Contraflow nr (unction 4.' 
(Femborough): detays. Detays BcbN in 
one-way system nr junction of Red Lkm 
Street and wakeWetd Rd. Rlcfa n ond. 

MkSand* Ml: Contraflow N arid S of 
junction 20 (Uiflf w cnhk Latcestarshra. 
MS: Lane doeures between (unctions 4 
(NEC/airport) and 5 (Castle Bromwfch), 
WarwicksturB. A4& Southbound delays 

closures between junctions 18 end 17. 

We Southbound contraflow between 
junctions 8 end 10. A449: Southbound 
bine closure: two sets of contraflow, 
junction 24 of M4. 

Norite MSI: Lane closures In both 
directions at Walton Summit Biacow 
Bridge junction of M61/M6MM: Traffic 
joining southbound carriageway from 
M55/A0 re st ricted to one lane (between 
junctions 31 and -32). A1: Contraflow at 
Baktersby. nr FUpon, N Yorkshire. 

Scotland: A32: Resrefacmg northbound 
between Mucktes and the Oty boundary of 
Aberdeen. A720: width restrictions at , maun 
Colinton by-pass. Lothian, nr I natches. 
WesterhaUes Rd M74: Two-way traffic I {nghelte 
northbound N of Lesmanagow. ( " 


Information euppfled by AA 


A weak frontal trough 
is expected to be slow 
moving across northern - 
England during -the 7 day, 
and will return northeast- 
wards across Northern 
Ireland later. 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE, central S England, 
East Angfia, E, W MMandK Mainly 
dry, cfexidy start but sunny krtervals 
developing; wind west ertyi ght max 
temp 23 to 2SC (73 to TfF\. 

E, central N, NE Engtand: Mainly 
cloudy, a little rain in places, but 
some wight intervals; wind SW. fight,, 
a Bttfe above normal; max temp 19 
to 21C(66 to 70F). 

Channel islands, SW Engtand: 

Mainly doody with coastal fog. 
patdws, but some sunny Intervals 
In sheltered districts; wind westerly 
IMib max temp 18 to 20C (64 to 

The pound 

Austria Sch 
Belgium Fr 
Canada S 
Da nma rk Hr 
Finland Mkk 
France Fr 
Germany I 

Greece Dr 

Hong Kong S 
Italy Ura 
Japan Yen 

Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
South Africa Rd 
Spain Pta 
Sweden Kr 
SwHzertnid Fr 

Yugoslavia Dm 625LW 57&00 

Rates kv amaH danomkiatlon bank notes 
only as supphad by Barclays Bank PLC. 

Betas Price Index: 385£ 

London: The FT Index closed down 27A 

S, N Wales, NW En0and, Lake 
District: Cloudy, a little rata or 
drizzle in places, coastal tog 
patches: wind SW light to moderate; 
max temp 18 to 20C (64 to 68F). 

Isle of Man, SW, NW Scotland, 
Glasgow, central Highlands, Afgyfl, 
Northern Ireland: Mainly cloudy, 
rain in places, becoming persistent 
later; wind S or SW moderate; max 
temp 16 to 16C (61 to84F). 

Outlook for tomorrow and Thurs- 
day: Outbreaks of rain followed by 
coder, dearer weather, crossing 
NW parts tom or row and the South- 
east on Thursday. 

Strait of Dover; Wind W force 1-3, 
mainly fair, visibility moderate with 
log patches, sea smooth. English 
Channel (E); Wind SW force 1-3, 
mainly fair. vtsMity poor with fog 
banks, sea smooth. 


Son dan: Sunsets: 
5.01am 9.12 pm 

11 If for any reason. The Times 
Prices Pane is not ouUistted In., the 
normal way Times portfolio will De 
suspended for that day. 

Haw aa piay — Dafly DMdead 
On each day your unique set of eight 
numbers will represent commercial 
ana industrial shares published In The 
Times Portfolio tlsl which win appear 
on the Stock Exchange Prices page. 

In the columns provided next to 
your shares note the price change o 
or O. in pence, as published in ihat 
day's Times. 

After listing the price Changes Of 
your eight shares for that day. add up 
all eight share changes to. give you 
your overall total plus or minus {+ or - 

Check your overall total agaimt The 
Times Portfolio dividend pubuihed on 
ihe Slock Exchange Prices page. 

If your overall total matches The 
Times Portfolio dividend you have 
won outfight or a shore of the tool i 
prize money stated for that day and 
mufii dtem your prd* as instructed 

Haw to play - Waakfr DMdand 

Monday -Saturday record your dally 
Portfolio total. 

Add these together to determine 
your weekly Portfolio total. 

If your total matches the Published 
weekly dividend figure you have won 
outright or a share of Ihe prtoe monw 
staled for thal week, and .mual ctelm 
your prtxe as insoiicted below. 

Hgwte o ften „ , 

TftspheiM The TMtePoTOMto cWuu 
On* 0254-43212 bewsw IMha and 


No cUm can be aacepud ooMda ohm 

You mutt have your card wtlh you 
when you telephone. 

If you are unatue to telephone 
someone obc P»« claim on your Mhalf 
but they must have your card and coll 
The Times Portfolio claims line 
between the simulated times. 

No responsibility ran be accepted 
for failure to contact Ute claims office 
for any reason wtuun the staled 

The above instructions are ao- 
pucatrie lo ' both daily and weekly 
dividend claims. 

12.12 am 2JS4 pm 
FuA moon July 21 

Lighting-ap time 

London 942 pm to 4^2 am 
Bristol 931 pm tD 4.42 *n 
EdMjurgh 10.19 pm K) 4.19 am 
Uanitutar 10.01 pm to 4JK) am 
Poniancg 957 pm to 5.00 am 


cloud: l. far; r, 

BTnwham c 
Blackpool c 
Bristol f 

Canfiff c 

Edbiburgb c 

Glasgow c 

at mteday yssterday: c. 

, rain: s. sun. 

C F C F 

2068 Guernsey fa 1661 
2272 Inverness 12170 
1966 Jeraev tg 1553 
2272 London c 2272 
1681 M*ncbatar c 19B6 
2170 Nawcaada c2272 
1864 frnMsmy c 1966 

I Best Wines 

m a bind tasdng of 38 Portuguese white 

•vines, the taHnring were chosan as 
axocOeni value: 

1983 Joan Kras Pakneia UuaciL LgdjM 
Wine Meroirants. WlnctaBter 0B62- 
60006). £3.35: 

Smith (01-637 0387). £255: 

BHS Vinho Verde. Brittsh Horn Stores 
(01-2623288). £23& 

1982 Dam Hereuna Rtbataio, Ckib Por- 
tugal (08926-2393). &L60: 

Gatao Vinho Vtroa. branches of Victoria 
Wine Ca . and Threshers, £2.79; 

Dao Grao Vasco. Grape Meas, Oxford 
(0865-722137). £249. 

Source: Wine, July I960. 

Our address 

_ information for inclusion In' The 
Times Information «rvt« should be 
sent lo:The Editor. TT1S. Tne Times. 
PO Box 7. I vtrgi 

1986. Printed by London Pose iPnnt- 
ers) Limited of 
London El 9XN. 

1 w&a. RegitterM as a newspaper at 
the Pen Office. 

High Tides 5 

bjotue any: bc-Mue sky and cloud; c- 
aoudy: o-overcam t-tog: d^lrtzzle; h 
nail: mlvi-mlil; r-raln: s-snow: th- 
uiuzKferstonn: D-showecs. 

Arrows ihow wind direction, wind 
«N*dtmph) circled. Temperature! 
centigrade. • - 


loMfon Bridge 8.03 
.bardaan ' 736 

vunmoirih. 12S8- 
sitast ' 5.20 

wdW . 1243 

noopart 1 151' 

«*r ... 5^0 

rimoutb 1121 
Bsgow . 6J2S 

. drwich B3J7 

hoMwad 4.29 
Fuii 12£6 

H reo am b a 
Lahh 8.59 

Livwpaal 5.19 
Lowestoft 4.10 
Margate 6.T5 
MBfard Haven 12.12 
Newquay • 11.43 

Penzance 114K 
Porttend 12 23 ' 
Portsmouth 5_29 
Shoraham 5.t2 
Southampton 5.07 ■ 
Swansea 12.15 
Tan 10.04 

Wltoif^NhMte 6.02 
Tide measured In mete 

63 MS.-TA 2 
3l7.-J08. -3A 
11 5- 128 -11J)' 

33 534 - 3.0 ■ 

10* 1.13 '102 

.57 5M 5i9 
4.4 11J41 46 

4.7 7.15 - *1 . 

3.6 6.16 » OS 
43 545 -45 

- 63 1234.: 54 
. - 1226- ~T5 
43 '938-- *1 
83 558 79 

2 . 0 3A4 23 

43 635 -43 
89 12A4” 07 
53 :•* 

12,19 . 39 
<8 1138. 43 

1.6 T-T4.. .13 

4.0 6.12 .42 

5 ,z sib 'SA 
39 537 45 
■84 t2A7 . 73 

4.7 1036. 4A 
37 8.13 C r 37 


Around Britain 

hra bi 

Scarboro 59 - 

Brtdfington 63 - 

Cromer 3.6 - 

Low esto ft 3.1 — 

Clacton 49 - 

Msng te 5.1 - 


77 sunny 

21 70 sunny 

22 72 bright 

22 72 bright 

23 73 bnght 
22 72 sunny . 

20 68 sonny 

Swsnage _ 

Weymouth 5.1 30 

Exmoulh . 43 — 

Taignmoutfi 3.6 - 

Torquay 23 91 

FMmoufh 53 — 

F enn mce 13 - 

Jora^r 2 A Sir 

wS ?^ 2 - 1 05 

-* — 

Ttrt si ' 

Hf ra coo to a - . 31 

I25L. . .29 _35 

CotwynBoy x. 
Morec imb a 17 94 
Douglas ' .1.9 S32 

Loudon 23 — 

BTwm Aifpt 29 - 

Bristol (CM) . 5.9 .15 
CanSHtCBfl. 03 ".06- 
Angtawy 23 32 
rpOOlAfrpr 1.8 .06 
Manctwater 0.1 92 
Nottingham 53 - 

N*emB-7>rta 69 - 

Caritata ; as - 


Eikdatomuk 2.4 Q2 


V F-- V- 
.18 .64 fog :• 
21-70' cloudy.; 

19 66 doudf.' 
23 73 rain. _ 

26 79 ctoudy'.. 
26 -79 britfrf ' 

23 73 brteW • 
21 7I7«l5dy. 
19 66 tog :. , 

21 7fr-tog-.> 


25 77 sunny 

22 72 bright' 

Prestwick .03 - 

Glasgow at - 
TVae . ai 9* 
S to rnoway "03 . 97 
Larwtek. - 30 
Wit*. : -13 - — 
XkitaM- “• 49 J71 
Abatdaea . 7.4 91 
St^ndrawa ’I1'j4 - ' 

Edinburgh 37 - 

BeUast ' . ; . (U 

.18 64 fog ... 
19 66 tag 

Abroad _ , 

MI00AY; c, doucC d, drizzle; f, fair: fg. fog; r. rain: svsuri: sn. snowit thunder.-. 

.. . C F C F "■ 7- C" F. 

AteVM. c a 68 Matag^ s 28 79 Satan* 

*222?* ISSSSS. *38»55BT*- *• B’iwaar 

SSSL. s S 2 c 22 72 Mefb’me s 14 579toHiagar 

g*™ * IS gDhtawi* f 28.82 MwdcoC-re- 20 68 
S 222, a 27 81 Maud- r 28 79 Bmp* 

. s 36 97 Ftoranea- f 34- 75 Man' c 20. 68 Stuu'Der 

*'2? f? F ranktot . s'.lS"86 : MaHNaF''*r ;17 63 srkhotm' 

s 36 97 Floranoa f 34- 75 KMan' ‘ c 20 68 
fl'as 84 F rankf urt . s l9"66 : MaimaF"r* 17 63 

IS^ri a 36 97 Fioranca- 
» 29 84 F rankf urt 
fM w 9 34 75 Funchal 
5*^ . * 28 82^ Geneva . 

*&«ta f 19 66 (SbreMar 

5?* . . ! IZ 83 HatoWd: 

f 30 86 Hong K- ■ 
e 22 72iim£tok 
f 24 75 IstanM 
t 18 64 Jeddn 
c 18 64 

f a 73 

•„ L Pataaa 

. _ . s.82 90 LiehM • 

Crasa Tn r. 15 59 Locarno 

- f 21 70 Mfl a c o ui c 16.61 Struyn i io £B 

I2 l SS £2K II 7 83 « 

9 25 77 Nairobi f-24 75 Tabular . . -*-L' 

1 18 64 N api iia ' r 28 82Taf-SS '. - '.- 
;'c 38 82 NIMH' 1 8* 93-1Marif»— 

• -M 88 N Vqcfc* . « 2i 7aTokyb s # 62 

t. 29 64 Me* - ' lh 25 memmr t.24 V5 

a 4ttit« <wo ; . * 22 72 iS£r , T#it 

• <18 64 Paris jin VwSrfa 'vrff^ 

s S’S-ESS^" 5 33 81 f « 

• - “ r13 < ssatoaici * -*ra-.53- 

8 90 88 Pregac ; J 17. 63-VMtoa 7 ^' T30 S8 u » r ^ 

• “Cr F 

T‘ 18 -fit 
t 18-64 
» 19 66 
9 Iff 60 
0 21 70 
a 28 82 



CapoTn ' 



s;c2r 02 :„rr.o'. r 11 pc 
es h^her j: £112 r 
r fesnseef !3 p>:- crn;. 

^ Tenpci. 1 

Erode gain 

axle, ihe tiroes -:cm 

r: nozased 


&r.tffi »urr. 

% (uili? ;• i:l. 
5^9iTor;r«;.. '.fjr.V-. "o 

.>■ -- - s : 

sen . j ^4- 

’■‘Seri rj; 

&'*-..r, TE?ss -‘ 9 * 

1 18 64 Nntaa 
;C 38 82 NIMH 
•120 68 N York* 
1 29 84 We* ■ 

a 40104 Oslo 

* <18 64 Paris 

‘ * 90 88 
. I 23 73 

__ . LAmm - ^ 23 ,73 Wwoa* -: * 27 81tWaaMa*fo^34 98 

*•9 ~ t tr. m go d mJ t 1,19'W iSfaS.'S^W M. 

9 10 50 Madrid * 26-79-Myadh -*-^3100 Zafah 

• _ ; *potea flgorssaro teias| vrafluto; - • -j : _ 

W ‘ S: «-S5 




V ■ . ■ _ 

Executive Editor 


Kenneth Fleet 


I FT 30 Sham 
1309.9 (-27.4) 
1597.3 (-29.1) 

USM (Datastream) 
125.97 (+0.65) 


US Dollar 
1.4830 (-0.023) 

W German mark 

3.2363 (-0.051) 


73.4 (-1.2) 

Abaco buys 


as oil price 

dips below $9 

vZ: ■ *' 

•- • • iKfc. 

* • • - -tfiigf 


Abaco Investments, the ac- 
quisitive financial services 

■ and property group, is buying 
Messenger May Baverstock, a 

■ chartered surveyor, for £532 

Messenger has 10 offices in i 
. Surrey and Hamp shir e is 
-a good geographical fit with 
Bridgers, the estate agency 
business bought by Abaco in 
February. Messenger’s turn- 
over in 1985 was £3.5 million 

".-T. *_-Hv 

•v* •? 

•u--..""' 5 ’ ■T^r . 

• . - v. 

and net profit before lax was 
£303,000. Profits should show 
a substantial increase this 
year, due to buoyant trading, 
the company said. 

The acquisition will reduce 
Abaco's cash pile to £5 mil- 
lion. It is continuing to look 
for acquisitions in financial 
• services. 

. • s f : ‘r 

'■ Mr- 

Profits fall 

. • ; - 

- . . ".7 "* *i 

' "■ 

'• i 

‘ f United Leasing, the com- 
* pjuter leasing company, is 
; .raising £83 million in- 9.5 per 
' 'cent, convertible .. unsecured 
loan stock. The company an- 
‘ nbunced a foil in pretax profits 
■irom'£539 million to £4.40 
' million in the year to March 
31. - Tempos, page 22 

Grown rise 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 

The pound fell sharply yes- 
terday, as oil prices hh new 
lows below $9 a barrel. Shares 
were also down heavily in 
London and' Wall Street 

Good producer price figures 
for Britain failed to reverse the 
adverse sentiment. Govern- 
ment stocks recorded their 
fourth successive sharp fall 
and money market interest 
rates were marked up by up to 
3*16 points, as base rate hopes 
were extinguished. 

The pound feQ by 2.32 cents 
to S 1.4830, having traded 
below $1.48 before dollar- 
selling helped sterling late in 
the day. Against the mark, the 
pound fell 5 pfennigs to 

Sterling's index fell by 1.2 
points, compared with 
Friday’s close, to 73.4, its 
lowest level since March 7. 
Dealers said that the pound, 
after appearing to acquire 
immunity to oil price worries, 
was once more highly sensi- 
tive to movements in crude 

Sterling is prone to weak- 
ness at this time of year. In 
July 1984, the Chancellor, Mr 
Nigel Lawson, had to raise 
interest rates to head off a run 
on sterling. 

Yesterday, the price of 
Brent oil fell below $9 a barrel 
for the first time. Brent crude 
for delivery in August was 
quoted at $8.85 a bane], and 
$9.15 for delivery in Septem- 
ber. North Sea Forties crude 
for immediate delivery was 
$8.70 a barrel, and Middle 

Britain’s manufacturers left 
their prices unchanged last 
month, after a rise of 03 per 
cent in May. Prices for home 
sales of manufactured goods 
were 43 per cent up on a year 
earlier, compared with a 4.6 
per cent rate in May. 

Firms traditionally ease up 
on price increases during the 
summer months the 

s tea din e ss of prices in June 
does not necessarily suggest 
any renewed decline in 

Industry’s raw material and 

foe) costs fell by 13 per cent 
last month, to a level 8-4 per 
cent down on a year earlier. 
This was doe mainly to lower 
prices of imported raw materi- 
als, particularly foodstuffs, 
and further reductions in in- 
dustrial electricity charges. 

Manufacturing industry’s 
raw material and fuel costs, 
which in May were down by 
8.7 per cent on a year earlier, 
have now fallen steadily for 
nearly 18 months. On a sea- 
sonally adjusted basis, they 
were nearly 13 pm- cent lower 
in June than in February 1985. 

Eastern erodes were even 
lower, with prices quoted at 
$7.05 a barrel. 

The latest fall is partly 
technical as the oil companies 
keep out of the market before 
committing themselves to re- 
building stocks, and partly 
reflects the fundamental 
supply/demand situation. The 
Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries is now 
producing more than 19 mil- 
lion barrels a day. 

Share prices in London 
reacted badly to the latest 
downward swing in the pound 
and oil prices, and further 
selling occurred when Wad 
Street opened on weak note. 

Wall Street opened 15 
points down at I,8u6.66. Last 
week, the Dow Jones industri- 
al average foil by 79 points. 
The index later steadied at 
around 1,805 after briefly 
foiling below 1.800. 

Shares in London were still 
slipping at the close and in 

after-hours trading. The Fi- 
nancial Times 30-share index 
fell by 27.4 points to 1,309.9. 
On Datastream calculations, 
£4.4 billion was wiped off the 
value of share prices 

Government stocks were hit 
particularly hard by the 
pound's weakness and interest 
rate worries. Long-dated 
stocks fell by as much as £2. 

The latest dip in oil prices is 
unlikely to have an early 
beneficial effect on inflation. 
Leading oil companies said 
yesterday that it would take 
between three and six weeks 
for the latest oil price fall to 
affect petrol prices, and that 
the pound’s weakness would 
partly offset the effects of 
lower crude prices. 

There is already evidence of 
petrol price weakness, with 
one report of four-star petrol 
selling at £1.53 a gallon. But 
the oil companies dismissed 
the possibility of a general fall 
to £1.50. 

City shaken by 
board changes 

By Kenneth Fleet 

yesterday con- the advisers, important insti- 
imes report that lutional shareholders and the 

Charles Fry with an 1899 painting of a team 
containing C B Fry (front, bolding hat) 

USM opener for 
a cricketing Fry 

By Lawrence Lever 

Johnson Fry, the financial million. Mr Fry, joint manag- 

Crown House Engineering, 
the contracting to tableware 

ColoroU wins over I Natwest’s 

. ghiup, raised pretax profits by 
16 per cent to £7.16 million 
.last year on turnover 22 per 
cerit ffigher^^GZ -million. 

Staffs Potteries 

^tetttviarise ofl 3 percent 

V- , : ' TebqnaK>a«22 

By Richard Lander 

US profits 
set record 

services group ran by Mr 
Charles Fry, the former 
Hampshire and Northampton- 
shire county cricketer and 
grandson of the former En- 
gland captain C B Fry, is to be 
floated on the unlisted securi- 
ties market in December. 

The flotation, via a placing 

of 25 per cent of the equity, 
values' the "business “at £5 

Erode gain 

- u tvode, the adhesives com- 
pany, increased pretax profits 

■: Bom £1.1 million to £1.26 
'"million on turnover up from 
■ £31.1 million to £32.6 Bullion 

- is the six months to March 29. 
The interim dividend is 1 -04p. 

“ op from 0.94p. 

Tempos, page 22 

__Colorall, the wallpaper, and the normal thre^-month wait- 
furnishing ’ group, has finally 'trig -period between such 

Bank ahead 

won over Staffordshire Potter- 
ies, the mug and tableware 
manufacturer, to end an on- 
off saga that has lasted most of 
the year. 

After an earlier round of 
foiled merger talks and a 
hotly-contested bid from 
ColoroU in March, the two 
companies yesterday an- 
nounced an agreed £15 mil- 
lion takeover which has 

approaches. • • 

Far from giving- up after its 
earlier bid lapsed, ColoroU 
retained a large investment in 
Staffordshire that was never 
going to allow its target much 
peace. Apart from building up 
a 29.9 per cent take in 
Staffordshire’s ordinary capi~ , 
tal, the maximum allowed. 

By Richard Thomson 
. Banking Correspondent 

National Westminster Bank 
USA, the US subsidiary of the 
British clearing hank, yester- 
day announced record net 
income for the first half of this 
year after a 21 per cent 
increase in profits. Natwest 
USA prduced net profits of 
$32.7 million (£22 million) for 
the six months to June 30, up 

lion takeover which has its preference shares which 
already clinched 513 percent would increase its voting stake 

ColoroU held 74.9 per cent of from $26.9 million in the first 
its preference shares which half of last year. 


„ . V 

- fll, 

■. ■ in'- 7? •• :;T- 

Robert Fleming, the mer- 
' chant bank, increased profits 
--hfter tax-from £18.5 million to 
.£22.2 million for the year to 
March .31. The dividend is 
7 bfcipg raised from 45p to 52p. 
Capital and reserves rose from 
-‘£167 million to £195 million. 

Date for TSB 

- The transfer of the Trustee 
Savings . Bank to the private 
banking sector takes place 
next Monday, the Commons 
was told yesterday. 


Cotoroll is offering a four- 
for-five^hare swap against the 
two-for-three terms in the 
contested bid, while the rash 
alternative is 154p against 
1 33p previously. Staffordshire 
shares ended lOp higher yes- 
terday at I53p. 

Coloroll’s previous £14 mil- 
lion bid lapsed in May after a 
vigorous defence from Staf- 
fordshire. Yesterday’s agreed 
offer was allowed to take place 
after a ruling from the 
Takover Panel which waived 

to 48.3 peT cent on 

Mr ‘ Bill Bowers, 
Staffordshire’s chairman, said 
yesterday - this was the main 
reason why talks were re- 
opened four weeks ago with 

He has been asked to join 
the ColoroU board. 

A spokesman for Cbloroirs 
banker, S.G. Warburg, said the 
total offer would actually cost 
the company about £13 mil- 
lion because of the low cost of 
its earlier Staffordhsire shares. 

standard fail Sale Tilney expands 

*~- v 

: Shares in the Standard 
-Chartered group plunged 58p 
to 717pon the Stock Exchange 
■yesterday after the failure of 
tile £1.3 billion takeover bid 
■ from Uoyds Bank, cutting 
-Standard- Chartered's valua- 
tion by £91 million- 

Kenneth Fleet, page 23 

: ‘ 

Qnsmt 23 
■■ Tempos 22 

Cmpny News 22 
.Stock Market 23 
FerrigaExch 23 
Traded Opts 23 

Share Pres 25 
Wall Street 22 

Money Mrkts 23 
■Uait Trusts 24 
Commodities 24 
USM Prices 24 

Sale Tilney. the food manu- 
facturing and financial ser- 
vices group, is bolstering its 
financial services division by 
buying RJ Temple investment 
advisers -and -RL- Stott, -the 
Manx broker, Lawrence Lever 

writes. — v 

Sale Tilney, . which raised 
£9J million via a rights issue 
in March, is paying an intiual 
£7 million for RJ Temple and 
£3.35 million for RL Stott, 
through a mixture of cash and 
new ordinary shares. 

It already owns the Monu- 
ment . Marine and General 
insurance company, based in 

The result includes a 22 per 
cent increase in net income in 
the second quarter of this year 
to $17.4 million from $14.2 
million. Return on net assets 
over six months improved 
from 0.63 per cent last year to 
0.65 per cent this time. 

Mr William T Knowles, 
chairman and chief executive 
of Natwest USA, said the 
increase in quarterly earnings 
was the result of strong gains 
in domestic markets, leading 
to a growth in loans, deposits 
and fee income. The results 
were also helped by a S3 
million foil in income tax 

The improvement in perfor- 
mance was achieved despite 
an increase in provisions for 
bad debt, Natwest said. Provi- 
sions for the second quarter 

ing director, was one of the 
company’s founders in 1969. 

He has developed it from a life 
insurance broker business. . „ 

He said yesterday:**! origi- «y departetL 
nally chose insurance broking I The 001151 
because at the time it was the 
only job I could do which left 
me the summer free to play 

Johnson- Fry is best known 
as a sponsor of Business 

Guinness yesterday con- 
firmed The Times report that 
Mr Ernest Saunders succeeds 
the Earl of Iveagh as chair- 
man, a position he will com- 
bine with his present role of 
chief executive. At the same 
time the Guinness board ex- 
pressed its “re g rets that it has 
not been possible to reach 
agreement with Sir Thomas 
Risk and he will not now be 
invited to join the board nor 
therefore be nominated as 
non-executive chairman." 

This statement detonated a 
small underground nuclear 
explosion in the City. Sir 
Thomas Risk, who is Gover- 
nor of the Bank of Scotland, 
has complained to the Gover- 
nor of the Bank of England, 
Mr Robin Leigh-Pemberton, 
about the decisions of the 
Guinness board and allega- 
tions about "demands” he 
made which may have 
sparked off the final confron- 
tation between him and Mr 
Saunders. Yesterday be was 
contemplating what action he 
might take. 

The same was true of the 
principal advisers to Guinness 
and Distillers during the strug- 
gle between Guinness and 
Argyll to acquire Distillers. 
Morgan Grenfell and the bro- 
kers Wood, Mackenzie and 
Cazenove who acted for 
Guinness and KJeinwort, Ben- 
son, merchant banking advis- 
er to Distillers were making 
sour noises. Lord Rockley, of 
KJeinwort, said: “We are all 
considering the day’s events 
and will react in due course." 

One Distillers nominee to 
the promised holding compa- 
ny board for the new 
Guinness-Distillers group, Mr 
Charles Fraser, chairman of 
Morgan Grenfell (Scotland), 
having barely concealed his 
opposition to Guinness’s 
change of course, has prompt- 

The considered reaction of 

other four Distillers nominees 
to the now abandoned holding 
company board — Mr William 
Spengler. Mr John Connell 
(the former Distillers chair- 
man). Mr David Connell and 
Sir Nigel Broackes — will be 
influenced by the actions, if 
any. of the Baulk of England. 

The Governor saw Mr 
Saunders and senior col- 
leagues yesterday and though 
no direct account is available 
of their conversation. Mr 
Leigh-Pemberion is unlikely 
to demur from the central 
truth that the duty of the 
Guinness board is to serve the 
best interests of their share- 
holders as they conceive ft. 

That duty must lake prece- 
dence over previouly outlined 
plans for board structures and 
appointments, which though 
they were embodied in legal 
documents and may. in some 
senses, be legally binding, are 
nevertheless subsequently 
judged to be inadequate for 
dealing with the company's 

The carefully chosen words 
of the head of the Guinness 
family. Lord Iveagh. who will 
become president of Guinness 
and remain on the board, are 
relevant to the issue: 

“In order to ensure, with 
certainty, the continuation of 
the harmonious and unified 
sense of direction of the board 
and management of Guinness 
pic — which has contributed 
significantly to the success of 
the last four years — and to 
ensure that the major tasks of 
rationalization and revitaliza- 
tion are implemented with 
commercial objectivity and in 
the best interests of sharehold- 
ers. the board has unanimous- 
ly decided to elect the deputy 
chairman and chief executive, 
Mr Ernest Saunders, as execu- 
tive chairman of the group.’’ 

Comment, page 23 

Profits soar by 42% 
at Hampton trust 

Reminder.-of C B Fry 

Expansion Scheme compa- 
nies. It has raised £38.7 
mflfion BES money over the 
past 18 months, making it the 
most successful BES sponsor 

About 4£00 individuals 
hare invested in Johnson Fry’s 
15 BES prospectus issues and 
BES fond. 

The scheme, however, ac- 
counts for only just over half of 
Johnson Fry’s profits, with 
personal finanical manage- 
ment activities such as tax 
planning, insurance and mort- 
gage broking and investment 
management responsible for 
the balance. 

By Judith Huntley, Commercial Property Correspondent 
Pretax profits of Hampton increase to £6.6 million over 

Trust, the property and gold 
mining company, for the year 

mining company, tor tne year 
ended March 3J rose by 42 per 

the next five years. 

The portfolio will be reval- 

cent to £962.000, according to 
the preliminary results. 

The transformation of 

Hampton into a mainstream 
property company ran be seen 
by the fact that the portfolio, 
with 50 per cent of its proper- 
ties in the retail sector, is 
valued at £55.5 million, com- 
pared with £17 million for the 
corresponding period. 

Net rental income is £5.5 
million a year, which the 
company says will gradually 

ued for the next year end, and 
it should see a hralthy uplift. 
Net assets rose from £10.75 
million lo £23.84 million. 

Earnings per share fell to 
!.63p from 2J7p with the 
company issuing 29 million 
shares in the year. The final 
dividend will be 0.65p, bring- 
ing the total to ip a share 
compared with 0.70p 

Hampton specializes in 
buying secondary properties 
at high yields. It then refur- 
bishes them. 

BSC names 
new chief 

By Our City Staff 

the Isle of Man. and has were up by more than $4 
insurance broking and fond million to $15.7 million while 

management interests. 

Last month it paid £1.66 
million for Ivor Burt and 
Sonsjhe Lloyd’s broker. 

Yesterday's acquisitions 
should boost Sale Tilney's 
revenue from financial ser- 
vices, which produced pretax 
profit of £960,000 in its last 
financial year. 

provisions for the six-month 
period amounted to $28.7 
million, up from $23 million a 
year ago. 

The bank says its level of 
provisions is now among the 
highest in the US, with com- 
bined provisions covering 94 
per cent of all its non-perform- 
ing loans. 

The British Steel Corpora- 
tion has named Mr Martin 
Llowarch, a former accoun- 
tant, as its new chief 

Mr Uowanrh, aged 51, who 
joined the BSC in 1968 as 
head of special projects, has 
been deputy chief executive 
since the appointment in April 
of Mr Robert Scholey as 
chairman and chief executive. 
He was previously managing 
director, finance. 

• FW Woolworth has an- 
nounced the appointment of 
Mr Malcolm Parkinson as its 
chief executive. He is current- 
ly marketing director of B&Q, 
the Woolworth subsidiary. 

Mr Derek Pretty will be- 
come deputy chief executive. 

With AA Guardian Royal 

Exchange’s High Growth Invest- 
ment Bond, a £10,000 investment 
made in 1979 would be worth 
£36,715 today— 
a performance that 
would have far out- 



New York 

'.Dow Jones 

1804.84 (-1&59) 

NlSei DOW — 1762056 (+14S.79) 

Nu-Swift Industries — 17J£ 

Sddte Holdings 

Amsterdam: Gen --- 
Sydney: AO 11371 {ZJJ) 

Commerzbank 1675.8 (-9.8) 


:ijcACftwal 515,10 H- 20 * 

London closing prfces : P«*25 

Carr's MiBing 

United Real Prop. — 

United Real Prop. — 

Slaters Foods 

Staffs. Potteries « — 
DeanS Bowes 


By Alison Eadie 

Hongkong Land 
chief to leave 

stripped any bank or 
building society over 


Glaxo Ssfaa 

Pearson ^ 

sB*? w** - as rSB 


!B 5 Sj 5 w— "SKB 

Duhnar A I limb “ 920 I top/ 


Bank Base: 10% in - 

3^norrth ebgiWe 
buying rate 

SSrniitt -sgj-ja 

Ratners, the jewellery chain 
which merged with H Samuel 
in May to form the country's 
largest jewellery group, has 
achieved profits 50 per cent 
higher in the first three 
months of this financial year. 

Announcing doubled tax- 
able profits of£4.28 million in 
the year to April 6, Mr Gerald 
Ratner, chief executive of the 
enlarged group, said lhe move 
to cheaper, more foshion- 
orientated jewellery was push- 
ing up sales per shop. 

A similar formula is being 
applied to the 400 H Samuel 
outlets with the aim of chang- 
ing half the merchandise be- 

Mr David Davies, the chief 
operating officer and manag- 
ing director of Hongkong 
Land, one of Hong Kong’s 
largest property companies, is 
to leave at the end of next 
month. He will be succeeded 
by Mr Nigel Rich, Hongkong 
Land's finance director. 

Mr Davies who who has 
been at Hongkong Land for 
three years, said yesterday“I 
came to Hong Kong to torn the 
company around and I have 
done that. It is now time to 
look for new challenges- For 
the first time in almost 20 
years I am free as air. I am 
keeping my base in Hong 

secondment from Jardine 
Mathesoo, its principal share- 
holder, Is to remain as a non- 
executive director of Jardine 
bat will bare no other role in 
the company. 

He says Be does not intend 
to return to MEPC, the British 
property company which was 
his former stamping ground, 
despite recent rumours that 
Hongkong Land might momit 
a takeover bid. 

building society over 
the same period. 

Steady growth. 

Whar makes the Bond so 
successful? The answer lies in the 
investment experience of 
Guardian Royal Exchange, the 
leading life assurance company 
with whom the AA created High 
Growth Investment Bond. 

Their objective is to achieve 
steady growth in unit values over 
the medium to long term, by 
spreading your capital across a . 
wide range of carefully selected 
and managed investments. 

Guaranteed acceptance and 
built-in insurance. 

Your Bond is automatically 
insured from day L Should you 
die, at least die foil 
value of your invest- 
ment {less any 
withdrawals) will be 
returned. There’s no 
medical and no health 

S uesnons to answer, 
lustration of how 
the AA High Growth Investment 
Bond could perform for you, 
complete ana return rite coupon 

C> S pecial terms - not normally 
available elsewhere-are offered 
. if you invest £4,000 or more 
before 25th July 1986 
0 Invest <my sum from £2,000 to 
£10,000 or more if you wish. 
O Cash it mat any time or use it 
to provide tax-free income. 

Growth Investment 


Prime Rates'* 

Federal Funds 6 ie% 

I^M^ 5 - 775 

^ i 


fore the Christmas selling Kong and I am totally flexible 
period. The sale and leaseback in what I might do. 


£51.4830 ' 

£ DM3.2383 



£ $1.4830 
$: DM2.1765 

& index: 113.9 

London Fixing: 


233^5) . 

Corns* $345.10-345.60 

GCU £0.657234 
SDR £0.780631 


/Aiul S9.oot>w(*y.^ 

Brent (Aug) 

programme for H Samuel’s 
175 freehold shops is also 
underway. _ 

H Samuel's taxable profits 
rose only marginally to £5.9 
million in the year to February 
I compared with £5.8 million 
in 1 984-85, while Ratnere’ 
have doubled in two 
successive years. 

“The corporate challenge as 
<o find companies (bat are not 
living op to their foil potential 
and need some pepping np. 
Rescuing companies from the 
verge of collapse is a bit trying 
oo t be nerves.** 

Mr Davies, who went to 
Hongkong • Land on 

' The British property market 
is reminiscent of that at the 
b eginning of the 1970s, he 
says. The established property 
companies are too conserva- 
tive and are under siege from 
the new, more aggressive trad- 
ing companies. This coupled 
with the high level of hank 
lending in the sector mean the 
market may be at its peak. 

His move from Hongkong 
Land coincides . with the 
company’s plans to float off 
the Dairy Farm Company, its 
food retailing and manufactur- 
ing operation. 

If you have any questions please ring 0256 469074. 

REPLY BY 25th JULY 1986 

Send riiiscoupon in an envelope (no 
stamp required) to: FREETOST (G629), 
Automobile Association Insurance 
Services, Dept> LF/GD-1B, Baliam Road, 
Lytham Sl Annes, Lancs FY8 4BR. 




Please send me a no commitment 1 
lUustnirionofhowthe AA High Growth 
Investment Bond could perform for me, 
and details of the special reservation 

I am considering investing i 





• ; ;; WALL STREET- j| 

rf f 

1 New York (Reuter) - Wall quarter larnings and a amtin- 

&.U «h* ration from last week's s%an> 


1,800-level for the first time 
since mid-May, in early trad- 
ing yesterday. The Dow Jones 
industrial average was down 
22 points at 1,799. 

Traders died pressure from 
IBM’s report of lower second- 

Uiup 03 uniuiuuuu§ iM.nria< 

By mid -morning the Dow 
Jones industrial average had 
slightly trimmed its loss to 
19.12 at 1,80231. The broader 
Standard & Poor’s composite 
index was 233 lower at 
2 3939. 


By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

Haris Court and Olympia, 
the exhibitions and confer- 
ences arm of the P&O group, 
is to spend £33 million on a 
second hall at Earls Court, 
expanding the complex by 
more than a quarter. 

The new exhibition hall, 
with 17,000 square- metres 
(J 80.000 sq ft) of floor space, 
is planned to be open by 1 990. 
It is expected to create at least 
200 jobs when operational - 
- Aimounring the plans yes- 
terday, Mr Tim Harris, chair- 
man of Earls Court and 
Olympia, also disclosed a 
further development at the 
separate Olympia complex 
where exhibition space was 
increased by more than a third 
in 1983 when the Olympia 2 
hall was built. The new addi- 
tion will bea self-contained 
conference centre with a 450- 
seat auditorium and two 1 50- 
seat theatre-style units plus 
various smaller rooms. De- 
tails of the work will be 
announced soon. 

Mr Harris said that the 
Earls Court 2 development 


development at Olympia 
will provide London with the 
most modem exhibition hall 
in the country, confirming the 
capital’s role as the nation's 
major exhibition centre. 

when it is operational Earls 
Court and Olympia together 
will be able to offer 100,000 
square metres, or more than 1 
million sq ft, of exhibition 
space, which would be roughly 
the equivalent of 
Birmingham's National Exhi- 
bition Centre, he added. 

The NEC and Earls Court- 
Olympia have longbaxtied for 

£50m debut for food group 


Caradon: Mr R A Wheeler 
and Mr C M Thompson have 
been made additional non- 
executive directors. Mr D C 
Cohen has become finance 

County Group: Mr James 
Riddell has been appointed 
finance director. 

Sound Attenuators (Indus- 
trial): Mr Peter Hobbs has 

been named managing direc- 
tor. with Mr Dong Sharps as 
managing director of Sound 
Research Laboratories. 

Mandens (Holdings): Mr 
Roy Amos has been made 
non-executive director. 

BM Group: Mr Roger Shute 
has been named chairman in 
addition to being chief 

Acatos & Hutcheson, a 
leading producer of edible 
oils, is joining the stock mar- 
ket this month via an offer- 
for-sale which is expected to 
value the company at £50 
million. The prospectus wil 
appear next Monday. 

The company was founded! 
by Mr Ian Hutcheson, the 
chairman and chief executive; 
who started working in a food 
importing business owned by 
his uncle, Mr Peter Acatos. in 
1951. Mr Hutcheson and his 
family, who are not selling any 
shares in the . ofler-for-sale, 
own 40 per cent of the 

The initiative for going 
public has come from the 

ing Charterhouse Bank, 3i and 
Fleming Enterprise Invest- 
ment Trust, who took shares 
in 1978 on the understanding 
that the company would seek 
a listing in due course. 

The company is taking the 
opportunity to raise about £5 

Estate Agents for finest U.S A. property. 

The finest luxury property in Florida, Fisher Island, requires pro- 
fessional representation in the U. K. Commissions in excess of 
$30,000 U.S. are available on the average sale of $500,000 US. 
Fisher Island, originally built by William K. "Vanderbilt in 1929, 
is located 3 miles ofishore of Miami and is accessible only by 
car ferry, launch, sea-plane or helicopter. It will be among 
die finest resorts in the world. Only firms and individuals with 
the highest credentials in integrity and performance shall 
be considered. 

The president of Fisher Island Properties will be conducting 
interviews in London on September 8 &. 9. For an appoint- 
ment, call, write or telex Mr. John Riotdan at: 7 Fisher Island, 
Fisher Island, Florida 33109. US. A. Telephone: 305-538-7356 
Telex: 4996286 FISHIUI 




"Another year of 
excellent progress' 

Tim Perkins, Chairman 

Year end 31 March 




£6. 9m 

£78. 3m 

£5. 8m 

Earnings per share up 10% 


14. 8p 

Dividend up 32% 

5. Op 




Sandal Perkins is the largest BIESBiaKKSfgaJSSEES® 

privately owned builders and I.??. To: The Company Secretary, Sanded Perkins pic. » = 

timhpr morph ante in flip UK It*! f* Cobtree House, Porstal Road, Aytesford. 

timner mercnanis m me un. iis w Maidstow kw»me 207 ag. 

roots go back over ZQD years Please send m* a copy of the Sanded Perkins pic 

and it has 48 branches in London % Annual Report and Financial Statements 1986. #■: 

and the South of England. *£ 

Nvm T~. 

If you would like to know more ^ 

about this successful, growing **#**•.• 7 

company, please send for their 

Annual Report and Financial IS 


million by issuing new shares. 
The money will be used to 
reduce borrowings and to 
redeem preference shares. 

Acatos & Hutcheson has 
pushed profits from £23 3 
million before tax to £4.03 
million in the five years to 30 
September 1985. In the six 
months to 30 March 1986 it 
made £3.63 million before lax 
and forecast profits of more 
than £6 million for the full 

Hill Samuel is advising the 

ETARY CO: Dividend 37.5c 
27.5) already paid. Figures in. 

► - T T I '71 UTI . ■: 4 '. ■ ^ ’ v J 

Net profit 988.2 (752.59). 

designation and recording of 
bargains has been temporarily 
suspended pending an 


Acceptances of the offer made 
by Dowding & Mills have been 
received for 1.000,409 ordinary 
shares (95.54 per cent). The 
offer has been declared uncondi- 
tional. It will remain open for 
acceptances until further notice, 
but the cash alternative is 

3.75p. making 6p (5). Figures in 
£000 for year to April’ 30. 
Turnover 17,483 (15,721), pre- 
tax profit 1,112 (855X tax 433 
(315). Earnings per share 17.57p 
(13.49). The company says that 
demand for knitted fabrics, 
particularly those incorporating 
cotton, continues to grow. The 
company has responded by 
building a major extension to its 
riverside dyehouse at Leicester. 
The company says it is unlikely 
to benefit from any increase in . 
production or sales until the last 
quarter of the current year. 

sults for year to April 30. Final 
dividend 4p (4), making 6.5p 
(same). Figures in £000. Turn- 
over 91,893 (88.310). profit on 
ordinary activities before lax 
3.731 (3.516). Earnings per 
share (restated) I4.2p (1 1.4). 

Good customer relations -• 
are vita) to any 
business. But what if 
you’re having to wait 
months and months Tr- 

for payment? 

International Factors 
have the answer We 
guarantee your 
approved invoices 

will be paid in * v ? ^ . 

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with SO'k advanced < 

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To: International Factors Limited. P.O. Box 240. Sovereign Bouse, 
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I want to put paid to slow payment - please said details of your services. 


shows nerves of steel 

the crown as market leader in 
exhibitions and the London 
halls claim to have outpaced 
Birmingham in three out-of 
the last four yearn covered by 
estimates by tiie Incorporated 
Society of British Advertisers 
(ISBA). _. . 

Earls Court 2 .will increase 
the exhibition space at . the 
Earls Court complex by 26 per 
cent • 

A crucial part of the scheme 
will be the doubling of car 
parking space at - Earls Court 
by adding more than 1,000 car 
spaces and a section' for 250 

Mr Harris emphasized that 
no public sector money would 
go into Earls Court 2. He said 
it was a measure of the 
company's confidence in the 
exhibitions and conference 
industry that it was adding to 
its investment which has 
amounted to about £25 mil- 
lion on modernising the Lon- 
don halls since 1980 . 

Olympia 2, aimed at the 
more compact exhibitions, at- 
tracted 28 shows in its first 
: year, Mr Hams said. 

• BARDSEY: The . capital 
reduction and consolidation 
have become effective after 
court approval. 

• OCE (UK): Figures in £000 
for six months to May 31. 
Turnover 26.159 (25,736),pre» 
tax profit 1.510 (1,180), no tax 
(same). Disregarding the effect 
of the divestment ofi Skycopy in 
August, 1985. the increase in 
sales is 16 per cent over the 
corresponding period because of 
the strong performance of 
Ozalid (UK) and Oce Copiers 

• (GEORGE) DEW: Interim . 
-dividend 23p{same). Figures in 

£000 for half , year to ;May 4_ 
Turnover 13.086 (16,242), pro- 
tax profit 411 (473), tax 184 
(1 16). Earnings per share 2.8p 
f4.5). -The. chairman says that 
the__ reorganization . . has . put 

company's building and prop- 
erty development and the piling 
and landscaping work. The re- 
duced turnover reflects the 
company's determination to be 
more selective in seeking work. 

Jacobson Towns! ey and Co- the 
broker, is placing 15 million 5p 
shares at 20p in Hughes, (for- 
merly Rini (Malaya) Rubber 
Estates). Dealings are' expected 
to begin on Monday. 

• HALLITE: Results for 53., 
weeks to May 3. Final dividend 
7p. making lOp (9). Figures in' ' 
£000. Turnover 15,792 (16,606),- 
..pretax profit.617 X701L tax 310. 
(254). Earnings per share net 
basis I lJ2p (15.8), nil basis 
13-4p (14.1). 


NATIONAL: Final dividend 
1.6Sp. making 2.5p (2). Figures 
in £000 for year March 31. 
Turnover 20,568 (18,279),pre- 
tax profit 1,707 (1,331), tax 41 1 
(463). Earnings per share J3.23p 
( 8 . 86 ). 

It was announced in May that 
the directors had received an 
approach which might or might 
not lead to an offer. Discussions 
have now ended, and the board 
no longer considers itself to be 
in receipt of any approach about 
a possible offer. 

More company news 
on page 26 

To launch a rights issue on . 
the back ofiower profits takes 
gall To launch one after a ' 
sharp drop in the share price 
takes nerve. United Leasing, 
a computer leasing company, 
demonstrated both these ster- 
ling qualities yesterday, when 
it announced plans to raise £8 
million from an issue of 
unsecured convertible loan 

The company's confidence 
is perennial. Last December, 

1 after a drop in interim profits, 
-foe- chairman; Mr Pany 
Mitchell, told shareholders- 
ihat demand was at its high- 
est ever. On the basis of this - 
statement, analysts expected . 
profits to exceed £6 million in 
the foil year. 

■ Last month, investors be- 
came fearful that profits had 
fallen short of this target and 
in one week the shares fell by 
nearly lOOp to a low of 155p. 
The company acted to arrest 
the fall, saying profits were 
between £4.25 million and 
£4.5 million. 

Yesterday, the company 
announced detailed figures, - 
showing the pretax result as 
£4.4 million- The statement 
accompanying the resulis and 
news of the cash call was 
again oipimistic. It saiddeliv- - 
cries which-were delayed _Iast 
year have been made- since - ■ 
the year end, contributing to 
a particularly strong first 
quarter, and the directors are 
confident of a satisfactory 
result for the year. . . . . 

Shareholders might, how- 
ever. take a cautious line. 
More than half the 
company's gross profits of 
£22.9 million comes from 
residuals, that is from the 
estimated future value of 
equipment at the end of a 
lease. These values are vul- 
nerable to price cuts . by 
computer manufacturers 
such as IBM, which means 
the profits are of a low 

At the year end. United 
Leasing -had borrowings of™ 
£17.4 miHion and obligations 
of ~£T2.~4 millibn, against 
shareholders' funds of only 
£18.5 million. It says tbe 
development of the Unilease 
subsidiary in America has 
made particularly heavy de- 
mands on cash and, in addi- 
tion to the rights issue, 
directors are considering sell- 
ing a stake in Unilease, 
floating the company, and 
other possibilities. 

Realizing any of these op-. ... 

lions could take rime. Mean- 
while, shareholders who still 
have faith in the company 
and are In search of a high 
income might be attracted by 
the 9.5 per cent loan stock. 
The yield on the ordinary 
shares at 167p. down l Op 
yesterday, is 3.4 per cenL 


Evode is showing keen iater- 
. esi in -the. fate of Unibond, 
which. Beecbam recently put 
up: for sale, ideally it would 
dike to buy the British end of 
JJeecham's adhesives divi- 
sion, but even if its bid is 
■ uosuccesfiil Evode could still- 
. benefit 

' Together the two adhesive 
businesses would account for 
20 per cent of the British 
market. So the acquisition 
should not be blocked by 
monopoly considerations. 

Evode’s ambitions are 
more likely to be thwarted, 
however, by multinationals 
such as BP, Burmah and 
Unilever who are all thought 
to be. interested in buying the 
business and who could af- 
ford. the whole division! 
Evode is after the British end 
.only. - -- 

. ..'On. balance the odds are 
against Evode, as Beecham is 
: unlikely, to want to split the up geographically. 
But. Evode could still gain if 
the new owners do not man- 
age to hold on to Unibond's 
dominant share of the DIY 

The acquisition of. 
Unibond would underline 
Evode's developing role as a 
speciality chemicals produc- 
er. Earlier this month it 
switched stock exchange sec- 
tors, from building into 
chemicals, in the hope that 
this would better reflect the 
nature of the business. • 

In the six months to March 
29, the adhesives hnd sealants 
division did well, with paints 
and plastics also increasing 
profits. . , "But - one " building 
operation, roofing contract- 
ing, made an increased loss of 
£244,000. Despite that group 
profits rose from £1.10 mil- 
lion to £1.26 million before 
tax. If the roofing side can be 
returned to profit quickly, the 
company should make more, 
than £3 million in the foil 

Allowing for a high .tax 
charge; that suggests - foe 
shares are trading on less than 
14 times earnings at: I28p, 

Tbe shares ..have 
underperfonned the market 
so for this year, but could 
benefit if a high multiple is 
put on Beecham V adhesive 

Grown House 

Crown House Engineering 
yesterday reported pretax 
profits of £7.16 million for 
last year, comfortably passing 
the forecast made at foe tune 
of its rights issue and com- 
pleting a -pretty satisfactory 
year" for foe chairman, Mr 
Patrick Edge-Partington. 

Tumover rose by 22 jw 
cent to £202 million, and foe 
total dividend goes up by 13 
per cent to 7, 9p a share. , 

The group has pulled out of 
overseas contracting— a deci- 
sion looking increasingly for- 
tuitous — at a total cost, of 
£2.7 million, leaving it free to 
concentrate on- its home con- 
tracting operations and its 
Denbyware tableware .■ con- 
cern where it bas recently 
expanded its interests from 
crystal and pottery, tb silver- 
ware after foe acquisition of 
George Butler Silversmiths. 

Inquiries for contracting 
work are apparently rotming 
- 20 per cent up on last year, 
but fierce competition makes 
-it difficult to -predict' how 
much Of this- is likely to be 
Translated into firm orders. 

Nevertheless, profit growth 
should be continued. 

The fell in demand > for 
tableware, caused by a-drop 
in tourists, is beginning' to 
improve, and sights anrseton 
bumper demand. for the all- 
important Christmas periods 
. The George Butler acquisi- 
tion, which prompted last 
year's cash call, made no 
contribution during its .aine>- 
monfo inclusion, and it ispot 
expected to chip Jn. anything 
for this year.. But it offers 
considerable potential for the 

Crown House is ruling out 
any "further acquisitions for 
the time being, and it" is 
difficult ' to " visualise foe 
shares remaining on anything 
-but -.a plateau for foe 
forseeable . future, after 
yesterday’s 6p improvement 
to 222p. - . 

' A safe but unexciting bold 
seems tbe most realistic as- 
sessment, with current year 
profits likely to show an 
advance to around foe £7.75 
million marie. 

Hong Kong fees cut 

From Stephen Leather, Hong Kong 

The Hong Kong Futures chase and sale of different 
Exchange plans to reduce the delivery months in the same 
deposit and the commission contract, purchase and sale of 
on spread trading in foe Hang the same delivery month of 
Seng Index Futures contracts, similar contracts oh different 
The proposal, which has exchanges or the purchase and 
been submitted to foe Com- sale of different contract types, 
modifies Trading Commis- The deposit on spread trad- 

sion for approval, would ing in the index futures market 
reduce the . deposit from in the United States is much 
HKS20,000 (£1,666) to less than in normal trading. 
HKJ 3,000 (£250) and cut foe Brokers and investors in 
commission from HKS200 to Hong Kong have welcomed 


foe -boom in foe belief that 

A spread is the simulta- reduced transaction costs will 
neous purchase and sale of " stimulate trading. In ’ normal 
two different futures anticipat- trading investors have been 
ing a favourable change in . paying HKS20, 000 if they buy 
their relative prices. or sell two different futures 

Examples include foe pur- contracts. 




ABN„__ — _-._lQ.0W 

BCG 7007* 

Cffljank Savings)- _10.75% 

Conso Mated Crds 1040% 

Continental Trust .1040% 

Cooperative Bank _IQ40% 

C: Hoare S Co —.1040% 

Hong Kong & Stmghai_10.d0% 

Lloyds Bank^ — .1040% 

Nat Westminster 1040% 

■Royal Bank of SCoflanfl.i^raOW 

TSB 1040% 

Cltitenk NA._.__1_040% 

Base Rue. ' 

At Brown & Tfflvse we've alre«Kly-shqwn 

we can expand. / _. : " 

.. Qip- policyof carefully. thought qut _ • 
acquisitions his led us into a number of new 
geographical and product areas.ih the field of 
tube and industrial pipelme'di^ifoutiorir" ~' • 
Quite apart from helping us top ClOOm in 
turnover for the first time last year, and -make 
£5.7m in pre-tax profit 

And there are more additions to come. 

For more details of cam performance to date 
send for our 1986 Report and Accounts. . 

T 15.7 r*r;: 

m w mss ~m ^ 

The perfect partner for the growing business 

A membw of the liojifa Rmk Group 3 f B/ 14/7 

lrui«atrt*ldttmbuto«of tubeaadpjpelfartceRsiarosit- 

_£** * * 






• ol steel 

f : 



£4.4 billion wiped off sh 

COMMENT Kenneth Fleet 

as indicators take a nosedive 

t. . ^ 

i _ 

i * . fell? 16 ^f ake . r pound and 
■' . ®“W 011 Pnces sent both 
'.*?wtxes and gilts into a 
. V • nosedive yesterday as the new 
account got under way. 

•; More than £4.4 billion was 
i wiped from the value of 
v quoted shares as jobbers de- 
cided to false defensive action 
> . and marked prices sharply 
5 ' _ lower first thing sending in- 
i ' r vestors racing for the side- 
; - fines. Turnover slowed to a 
i- ' tnclue with prices continuing 
j* • ■ io arm throughout the session 
4.'; on lack ofimeresL Bv ihpri^ 

By Michael Clark 

1 : 

■v r - tort 

• • ****** 
*9 * 

-- r 

j v i Laura Ashley has been 

* giyen the go-ahead to quote its 

' shares in ADR form on 

> New York's o ver-th e-conn ter 

" . market, but it will not be 
f raising extra fnnds. This 
- - disappointed the market, 

5 - ^ die price dipping 3p to 21 lp. 

* - • It could rally after a visit 

j ' to the company on Thursday 
l by a party of brokers. 

serve, and give the signal for 
cheaper money. Gilts suffered 
accordingly. Losses at the 
longer end of the market 
ranged to £1 >6 as that per 
cent cut in bank base raies to 
9Vi per cent they had been 
hoping for continued to fade. 
But broken such as County 
Bank remain optimistic. They 
claim that despite domestic 
worries, Britain should follow 
the US in dropping interest 

Leading shares were all 
badly hit by the markdown. 
BICC fell lOp to 283p, Bee- 
chain 12p to 423p, British 
Telecom 8p to 198p, 
Courts aids 9p to 28Sp, GEC 
8p to 1 92p, Glaxo 25p to 965p, 
Hawker Sdeley 12pto 533d, 

Lucas 7p to 588p, P &0 lOp to 

,; *» a 


. i 1 r ^t- 

" T Jan,. 

\ ,1 


* . the FT index of 30 shares bad 
\ ^ fallen 27.4 to 1,309.9, while 
; . -the broader FT-SE 100 lost 
C - 29-1 to 1,597.3. This latest 
f - .. shakeout follows han3 on the 
, heels of last week’s record 30- 
; point fell. 

> Gloomy weekend press 
, • comments and another dull 
* start to trading on Wall Street 
\ .- - also hit confidence. 

/ r The economists linked the 
! -ilatest weakness in sterling to 
*• the felling oil price, but dealers 
■ were quick to point out that 
l the oil price had been in a free 
j -'.fell for the past six months, 
\ - .-though the foreign exchange 
> . - market has started to recog* 
l .. nize this only now. 

) The decline of sterling also 

* 1 called into doubt the prospect 
l ■ -of an imminent cut in tank 
? - ‘base rates. Investors had been 
i -'--hoping that the Bank of 
1 • - England would follow the lead 
i •- last week of its American 
; -- counterpart, the Federal Re- 

496p and Vickers 10p to 433p. 
ICI also lost an early 8p lead 
to close 7p down at 989p. 

The lower pound fait stores 
where dealers feared that 
shoppers’ spending powers 
would be reduced. Wide- 
spread losses were encoun- 
tered among the big names. 
Marks and Spencer fell Sp to 
I98p, Great Um versa! Stores 
’A’ 25p to 1 080p, Dixons 8p to- 
322p, Etam 4p to 246p, Boots 
7p to 237p and Burton Group 
8p to 237p. 

Newcomer Unilock Hold- 
ings, the office partitioning 
specialist which used to be 
quoted on Granville’s over- 

the-counter market, made a 
confident start in first-time 
dealings on the full market. 
The 4.2 million shares (22 per 
cent of the issued share Capi- 
tal) were placed at 63p and 
opened at 68p— a premium of 
Sp. That will be good news for 
the Rev Michael Barling, a 
non-executive director, whose 
family originally founded the 
business. He has already sold 
2S0.000 shares worth 
£157.000 and still has a benefi- 
cial interest in another 2.S9 
million shares now valued at 
£1.76 million. 

MY Dart, the sport equip- 
ment, packaging and fire- 
works manufacturer, 
advanced 2'kp to 45p after 
learning that Kuwait's Coast 
Investment and Development 
Co had almost doubled its 
holding in the shares. It has 
bought an extra two million 
shank in MY Dart from 
Timpsa 69 Proprietary, the 
Australian group. It takes 
Coast's total bolding in the 
company to 4.6 million 
shares, 22.4 per cent of votes. 
MY Dan has often been 
tipped as a possible takeover 
laiget and the privately- 
owned Mepsiar Finance fu- 
elled speculation after 
building up a stake of 2.1 
million shares (10.2 per cent). 
Earlier this year MY Dart 
made an abortive bid for rival 
Standard Fireworks. 

Staffordshire Potteries 
jumped I Op to I53p after 
Coloroll bounced back with an 
agreed bid worth £15 million. 
Coloroll is offering four of its 
shares for every five Stafford- 
shire Potteries, or 154p in 
cash. Coloroirs previous at- 
tempt at bidding for SP back 
in March ended in failure. 
Coloroll already owns a near 
30 per cent stake in SP, but 
dipped 3p to 201p after also 
announcing plans for a pro- 
posed rights issue to raise 
£12.9 million. 

• Mr Raymond Burger ^n 
analyst at Vivian Gray, the 
broker, expects Elders 
IXL, the Australian brewer, to 
return for Allied Lyons if 
given the go-ahead by the Mo- 
nopolies Commission bid- 

Mr Burger has also np- 

for the current year from 
27-5p to 32p based on pretax 
profits of £307 million 

against £260 million last time. 

The shares fell 7p to 333p. 

The secondary offering of 
75 million Hanson Trust ordi- 
nary shares was completed at 
180p, being the price prior to 
close of business yesterday on 
the Stock Exchange. The seller 
was Topsiatic, which is jointly 
owned by Hanson Trust, j 
Henry Schroder Wagg. and 



Abaeo Inv (49p) 
Accord Pub f125p) 
Aiumase (ISOp) 
Arlington (115p) 

Boavwco (145pl 
Bipel 37 l-tZpf' 
Borland C12Sn' 
Bradera (1 

Campbm Amst rg^ (110p) 

Chelsea Man 
Coated Electrodes (84p) 
Evans HaUshaw (I20p) 
Fields (Mrs) (140p) 

211 -3 










Guthrie Corp (I 50p) 

M^n Giwfea (500p) 

StnaRbone jt( 
Soundtracks («p) 

Task Force (95p) 
Te mp leton (215p) 
Tenby Inds (li£p) 
Thames TV (190p) 
Tlbbat & Britten {120p) 
Yatverton pep) 

Unlock (63p) 



461 -14 
41 +1 


Amari F/P 
Antofagasta N IP 
Costaln N/P 
Da La Rue F/P 
Erskkw Hse N/P 


Expamat N/P ' 
~ * F/P 

Five Oaks . 
fbstock Johnson N/P 
M Signal N/P 
Lejgft Tntereste N/P 
Ptneapple F/P 
Wight Coftins N/P 
(Issue price in brackets). 











- • • - " -— -’JSS- 


« " 

TTirae Month Storing 











nirAK - 






■ ' _7. 













587 . 

Previous day's total open interest 15989 




ThiM Month Eurodollar 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Mar 67 

Jun87 — 





Previous tty's 
9X57 9X54 

9X48 9X45 

9X29 8X27 

9X04 9X00 

s total 

open Mamst 19478 
9336 1071 

9348 272 

9X30 72 

9X04 29 

US Treasury Bond 

-Sap 86 

■Dec 88 

..Mar 87 




Previous (tystotal 
0921 98-25 

9808 9808 

Interest 7840 
9800 2 



I short ate 
.--_Sep86 — 




.Mar 87.. 



Pravk»« ttys lOUdopentottrtW 786 
101-20 -- 40068 -401-00 -60- 

101-00 0 
101-00 0 

I Long Q 


.Dec 86 .. 



FT-SE 100 

Sep 88 

Dec 88, — 



Previous dtys total open teterssr 15412 









119-15 14852 

119-10 56 

11804 0 

11804 0 

Interest 2198 
162.00 403 

16400 2 



Oct 26 
Nov 3 
Nov 17. 

r Utd Sdenttfic, Nolton, ABACO. 

.'Rat Dealings 
"Juty 21 


Accord Pubs, RYarJrt, H 
■ MW; Underwoods. BOMS . 

Eng. RNne. PropTst Sound Dm, 

Last P ia tei g s 

July 18 
Aug 15 

taken out or 

Last Dectantkm 

Oct 9 
Oct 23 
NOV 6 
> Amstrad. 





NYork 14785-14900 
Montreal 2.0350-20510 
Brusseto 6644-67.12 
Cphgan 12JJ790-1X1715 
Dubter 1M790-7-M45 
Frankfurt X2318-32606 
Lisbon 220J9822X50 
Madrid 20X95-207.80 
Mflan 22110 2236^0 
Onto 17003011-3710 
Parte 103880-10.4693 
SfkMn 105860-10.8410 
Tokyo 23730-24800 
Vienna 22.78-2235 
Zurich 23373-23673 

July 14 

















037327 pram 


2 K- 1 Kpram 

4247d £ 










1 %- 1 Sp ram 

3 months 
093-0. 77 prem 
54-47 prem 

lit pram 




11 H- 12 K(Ss 
1 pram-par 

Stating ferdexestsparad nIHi 197$ mm (town at 734 (day’s range 7X4-73J). 



Argentina austraT 
AustraBa dollar — 

Bahrain driar 

Bradctundo* — 
Cyprus pound. 






, X1940X1950 

Graeco drachma _ 
Hong Kong doiar , 

totea rupee 






Kuwait dtoarKD 

Matoysia dolar . 
Mexico peso. 




New Zealand dollar , 
Saudf AraKariyal _ 



„ 53650-53050 

South Africa rand . 






— — — f JttWO 



— t.7855-1.7865 







Hong Kong — 




Spain _ — 


J 39.12-13022 


Rates aapplad by Baretey* Bank HOFEXnfExteL 

\ ^ 





Sdftea Sate Dec Mar Sep Dec Mar 

* Atted Lyons 
















Hanson cont 























































Thom EMI 







Cons Gold 

























































































•nv& 0 ?‘ 

LK - I 

Con Union 





















towards the finish. 








Brit Aaro 








Base Rate* % 

Cables Wire 


























Finance House 10 































Discount Martel Urns % 

Overnight High: 9% Low 6 

Wfeek fixed: u>-9ft 

Tiwaray BOa (Discount*) 

Buying Seterw 

2mrtfi 9»» 2mnm 9ft 

3mn1ti9 , w 3mrah 8*i* 





























Barclay » 





































Brit Telecom 








Prime Bank BHte (Discount %) 

1 mmh 9 >7 u-9 ,, 'b 2 ninth 9*-8"u 
3mnth S"mk 9*» 8mn0> 9ft-9<fe 

Grand Met 









rz oo) 






















Cadbury Sdtwpps 





















Trade B8b (Discount %) 

1 mirth 10 is m 2 with 10 ft 

Smrrth 10»u 6 moth 10ft 



























imperial Gr 
















Ihtort «*(%) 

Overnight open 10ft dose 7 

1 water 109% 6 mirth 10 ft - 10 

Land Sec 














































3 ninth 10ft-10 12nrti IOft-10 

1 mnth 9’/. 3mntti 9ft 

6mrrth 9ft 12 rath 9ft 

Local Authority Bonds (ft) _ 

1 mnth lOft-lOft 2 mnth IOft-10 

3 mnth 10ft-9ft 6 mnth 9ft-9K 

9 mnttl 10-9* 12 rrth 9ft-9ft 

Marks & Spon 














































Shen Trans 






















P 8 O 

























Trafalgar House 


330 . 






































ImrS? ID'SS ^m 3 ninth 10-954 

6 mnth 10-9ft 12 mth 

























?r^i^6^X50 3 mntti 6*0X45 




























ei ion money npposrrs % 









Vaal Beats 
















(*236) • 






















23 — 

tew Itar 

Dote cal 7ft-6ft 

7 days Vm Xft 1 mrrtfi m 

3 mnth 6 ,1 ,r6 , '> 6 mirth 6 ,, iv6 , <« 

Deutschmark can 5-4 

7 days 4it4ft i mirth 4»<*47is 

Smnth 4*it-4 ? « 8mnth 4Sr4ft 

Franc* Franc cal . 





























































7 days 7ft -7ft i mnth 7W** 

3 mntti 7ft-7ft Smrrth 7ft-7ft 

Swiss Franc can 2-1 

7davs 2ft-2ft 1 mirth 4?Uft 

tuitea AiKji Nov Feb Aug Nev Feb 

Tr 1HS* 1991 







2K - *» 









Tr 1 W% 03/07 











5 s * - 
4Si - 
S’s 4*n 
2*e 3>ia 
2 2ft 
1»» — 











6H 7ft — 

jtSv Aud Sept Oct July Aug Sept Oct 





-- riau- 




























































— * 

_ _ 





— - 

•Underlying security pries. 


The rising note of optimism on 
Friday was replaced with jit- 
tery uncertainty yesterday that 
not only lifted rates by 1-16 to 
3-16 but also flattened the 
yield curve. Activity was not 
heavy, but there were certainly 
sellers of paper who pushed 
rates closer to those on 
straight deposits. Day-to-day 
money, though cheap, met 
with some hiccnps, especially 

Smnth 4ft-4ft 

7 days 4ft-4ft 
3 ninth 

6 ninth 4ft-4ft 
cal 4ft-3ft 
1 parti 4«-4K 
6 mirth 4»,*-43« 



‘Excludes VA‘ 



Fixed Rate Sterling Export Finance 
Scheme IV Average reference rate for 
interest period June 4. 1986 to* 
July 1, 1986 inclusive: 9.824 par 

1*1988. Total contract* 



1m i! 

; _Y‘AS> 

NM Rothschild. The shares, 
issued by Hanson in connec- 
tion wifri its acquisition of 
Imperial Group will broaden 
the international spread of 
Hanson's shareholdings. 

Myson Group, Ipcfteaperal 
1 35p, has stepped up the battle 
forcontrot ofBkfd/e Hokfings, 
the lift engineering and heat- 
ing group. It has increased its 
offer to 185p a share valuing 
Biddle at £7.4 million. That 
compares with 170p (£6.8 
million) being offered by the 
Finnish lift manufacturer 
Kone. Biddle responded to the 
increased terms with a 1 Op rise 
to I78p. 

Oil shares suffered renewed 
selling pressure as the price of 
crude oil continued to fall on 
world spot markets. The price 
of Brent crude for September 
delivery now stands at around 
S9.1S a barrel. Analysts fear 
no real short-term improve- 
ment as stocks continue to 

Among the producers, BP 
eased 3p to 563, BritoQ Sp to 
143p, Bur mah 10p to 402p, 
Carless Capel 3p to 53p, 
Enterprise Ofl lp to 101 p, 
London & Scottish Marine Oil 
7p to 88p, Tricentrol 5p to 45p 
and Ultramar 5p to 163pL 
Only Shell resisted the trend, 
finning 2p to 778p^ 

The shakeout in the rest of 
the market also hit the mer- 
chant banks hard. They have 
been having a gloomy time of 
it lately foUowiqg the disap- 
pointing market debut of Mor- 
gan Grenfell and there are few 
signs of recovery . 

After attempts at a rally last 
week. Morgan Grenfell again 
went into reverse yesterday 
losing 14p to 461p. The shares 
came to market last account 
by way of a tender at 500p. 

Other losers included 
Guinness Peat down 2p at 
86p, Hambros 6p at 240p, Hill 
Samuel 12p at 373p, Leopold 
Joseph 20p at 480p, Klein wort 
Benson ISp at 74Sp. Mercury 
International 3 Op at 698p and 
Wiatrust 5p at 300p. Even 
Brown Shipley lost ground 
falling 20p to 51 3p despite the 
news that Kredietbank SA 
Luxem bourgeoise has picked 
up another 700,000 shares 
lifting its entire holding to 
3.77 million shares, or 25.5 
per cent of the total equity. 

The big four clearing banks 
were also dull ahead of this 
month's interim reporting sea- 
son. Lloyds lost an early lead 
arising from its failure to win 
control of Standard Chartered 
following its £1.3 billion bid. 
The shares finished' un- 
changed at 422p, after 429p. 
But Barclays on 522p, MM* 
fe nd on 542p and National 
Westminster on 512p all shed 
7p apiece. 

Two views but Guinness 
should prevail 

There are dearly two views of 
yesterday's announcement that Ernest 
Saunders is to become executive 
chairman of Guinness. Sir Thomas 
Risk, Governor of the Bank of 
Scotland, is not after all to have a role 
in the Guinness group. And the 
balanced holding company board, 
promised during the bid battle for 
Distillers, which was to direct the 
fortunes of Guinness and Distillers, 
will simply not happen. 

One view is that commitments 
made by Guinness both to Distillers, 
its advisers and its shareholders have 
not been honoured. The other is thatit 
is the prime duty of a board to serve 
the best interests of shareholders and 
if in the light of further knowledge or 
experience, earlier judgements are 
unlikely to achieve that end then they 
must be set aside.The first view was 
rapidly formed in certain parts of the 
City yesterday. It is true that in the 
first official Guinness bid document 
in January and in susbequent official 
documents in March and April the 
Guinness board undertook to restruc- 
ture the Guinness board so that it 
became a holding company board. 
There were to be 10 members, five 
from the Guinness side, including 
Ernest Saunders as “group chief 
executive officer’', and five from the 
Distillers side, with Sir Thomas Risk, 
Governor of the Bank of Scotland, 
added as non-executive chairman. 

The Guinness board subsequently 
decided that such a structure would 
hinder rather than help Guinness to 
tackle and solve Distillers' problems. 
As there is a huge onus on Guinness, 
and Ernest Saunders in particular, to 
justify the acquisition of Distillers, 
Guinness's judgement of what is 
needed, even if it means going back of 
undertakings given earlier in the heat 
of a battle, has to prevail. 

If Distillers directors, Scottish 
sympathisers and City of London 
advisers believed that Guinness had 
done its duty when, with their active 
support, Guinness had rid them of the 
pesky Jimmy Gulliver, they clearly 
had a shock coming to them. The 
“Scottish dimension" is misty and 
powerful and needs to be carefully 
watched. Even plainer. Distillers 
needs strong management and a 
massive dose of constructive interfer- 
ence. It was not likely to get it with a 
“balanced” board. 

From the point of view of the City, 
and the Bank of England, the situation 
created by the latest Guinness moves 
is serious but hardly critical. The one 
practical issue is whether it is wise in 
any major group to combine the role 
of chairman and chief executive in 
one man, however active, energetic, 
far-seeing and dedicated he might be. 
Or putting it another way, was Tom 
Risk such a bad risk? 

Morning after at Standard 

Shares in Standard Chartered predict- 
ably plunged yesterday, though the 
Standard camp was relieved that they 
have started above 700p: they plunged 
58p to 717p. The new shareholders 
who thwarted Lloyds, helped by some 
less-than-defl handlin g of the take- 
over, will not want to continue losses, 
however. The alternative for realizing 
the value of Standard's parts, as its 
defence detailed, would mean break- 
ing up the integrated structure that 
Standard's victorious Michael 
McWilliam values so highly. 

The basic Far East and Middle East 
operations are essentially branches of 
Standard Chartered Bank. Hiving off 
Hong Kong with a local quotation and 
Sir Yue-Kong Pao as chairman would 
satisfy the Chinese dimension that 
concerned Sir Yue-Kong. 

Gaining a quotation for the separate 
Union Bank of California by a merger 
is also likely. But such moves would 
affect the capital and risk profile of the 
i rump. The Bank of England would 
monitor the effects and has some 
discretion in treating subsidiaries not 
wholly owned. But separate quota- 
tions would also enhance the group's 
ability to raise capital. 

None of this replaces the Lloyds 
bonus of a stable home base of 
earnings in sterling to back overseas 
profits that are often volatile, es- 

pecially after currency fluctuations. It 
might even be sensible to treat the Far 
East as the stable base of earnings, 
and to transfer the Standard Char- 
tered Bank to the Far East though the 
Bank of England would have some- 
thing to say about that too. 

The City too often sees control of 
banks as more vital than that of 
industrial companies. As it happens, 
the proposed Banking Bill will give 
the Bank of England supervisors the 
right to vet new owners of more than 
15 per cent of any bank in advance, 
though that did not apply here. 

The Bill will also have something to 
say about connected lending, which 
might stop any tendency for cus- 
tomers to guarantee their overdrafts 
by buying the bank manager. 

The lessons for small shareholders 
look more serious. Poor David Horne, 
of Lloyds Merchant Bank, has now 
been beaten twice by what may be 
termed the Westland defence. It was 

convenient for the City to sweep the 
/. That made it a 

Westland affair away, 
precedent here. It is common practice 

That will be hard to reverse in an 
era when big players know no 
frontiers, but sits ill with the cosy idea 
of encouraging small shareholders on 
the basis that all are equal and 
protected by the City rules. 

x It may be over-valued 
stock to you, Handyn. 
But it’s a pair qf 
trousers to me.” 

To our founders, as to ourselves, Audits 
were and are occasions to .set aside fellow- 
feelings; to cast a cold eye on a client’s affairs. 

. But it’s amazing what you get out of therm 
A recent audit we did for a 
major chain of menswear retailers 
showed that much stock had been 

A subsequent chat with the 
Revenue (involving acceptable bases 
for tax) led to our clients saving a 
natty £200,000. 

Our audits can also lead to large corporate 
changes. As in Birmingham, where an 
engineering client found he could control costs 
better by dosing his toolroom and buying 
tooling out. 

Down the road in Wolverhampton, we 
lped a steel stockholder to produce 
gross profit margins a good deal 
grosser than hitherto. 

And, inddentally, we got him to 
save £1,000 a year by installing a 
ter meter. Thus demonstrating 
r once again that at Binder HamJyn 
we see the wood and the trees. 

So it’s really not at all amazing 
that our cold, clinical audits often 
y turn into warm, meaningful 

Does the thought arouse you? Send u$ 
the coupon now, before you go off the boil 

To: Tom Burton, Binder HamJyn, 8 & Bride Street, 
London, EC4A 4DA. Telephone 01 -353 3020. 
Ifedlshocdd know more aboutyou before getting involved. 
Please send me some vital statistics. 





TT 15/7 

15/7 1 

Ne wmarket/Noningham/Rochdale/Saltcoats/She ITie Id/Stran raer/TclfordAVolverhampton. 

PHP Intemgtionally Binder Dijker Orte 8 Co. 


4 / 






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Amor Smaller Co * 
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Japan Pert 
Japan S maller 

Exempt Medan 

1963 2W.4 

18.6 193* 
1123 1Z0.1 

482 483* 
143 159# 
17 9 187 
703 793 
405 4 32a 
417 443 
9Z3 993 

57.7 813 

212 247a 
563 620 
14 8 153 
462 483 
233 2*3* 
353 ST. 9 
703 7S2 
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82.7 883 

64.7 67.7 

>12 438 
•12 238 
-0.1 2.14 
+03 049 
406 036 
.. 1.71 
+07 039 
+12 039 
+03 837 
+04 038 
+13 1.98 
+02 022 
+13 091 
+03 2-70 
+03 13S 
+03 .. 
-07 334 

tjgh tawne Trust 709 *1 9 -04 531 

Of & Feted fm $26 58 09 -07 847 

TB 01 he Truss S84 673 -0.1 1 91 

Special Stj Trust 783 813 -04 233 

Nth Amer Trust 61.1 653 +1 4 1 88 

Fr Down Trust -79 9 85 ta +13 080 
HiflGro+ti 483 821 +1.0 109 

- 0.1 191 
-04 233 
+14 188 

Han l mom 533 572*. -0.4 647 

N Amer Truer 1082 119.1 +23 083 

ne c o ney 2083 2193 

CM Trust 401 413 

St Vincent he 95. 1 87.6 

Si Vend US Qth 003 837 

Temple Bar Sn Co » 1754 1860a 

renew Bur HSU 384.4 3833 


Si Gewge Hm Cawr it w Si Coventry Cvi 

0203 553231 

UK Groms Accum 147 B 1573 
Do hcome 1288 136.6 

Promer UT Admm. 1 Rayleigh M. Branmod 

X ’hc Accum 

name 1883 2123 

OriVFbed Aeon 1009 1082 

DPhowne 863 802 

Nth Amer T« Accum 1393 i*&7 
Far EM TB Accum 1489 156.7 

Euro TH Accum 1464 1567 

Genera TnaJ 2354 250.4 

1205 136.6 
2473 2834 
1883 2120 
1009 1082 
863 802 


9-17. Fenymoin RtL hsywanls Heath 
0*44 458144 

-11 347 
-19 3.47 
-05 4 72 
•02 4.72 
-0.1 238 
-04 288 
+24 035 
+42 033 ■ 
+33 1 13 
+02 233 

0277 217916 

Hamtooa Smtr Ctf» 1323 141.1# +03 134 
Hwn* N Amer 703 Til +1.7 038 
Hamns JctFE iza8 1285 +23 035 

Hsmtm Scanthn 769 B39 +02 032' 

TtemorM Erocpeen 903 967 +22 035 

Hamms Canadian 483 Si? +12 185 

Hombroe Equity he M3 9S-1 -04 428 

— -■ +02 541 

*01 235 

j Sgn me 803 eit 


SnuUnr Co's Acc 
Do worn* 

Hip Kco tna 

Min Pott* he 

North American 

1261 1353 
2332 2506 
150.0 1613 
671 . 722 
783 823 
614 581 
1023 1104 


2- Mma Poutney ML London EC+R OBA 

01-823 48M 

US Smeler Co's 760 813 + 1 4 02 

CapMl Fold 1083 H43 +0.7 041 

heme Fund - Si r $63 -03 45 

F» Eastern And 783 81.7 +24 03 

003 65.1 a +05 128 
833 863 +1.6 024 

Onroeas hcome 
Raid hhroet 
Natural Res find 

88 4 732# +03 3.73 

582 M3* •• W» 

353 383* +0.7 4.73 
715 783 +03 930 


The Stock Exchange London ECJP 2JT 


General ms {41 
Da Accum W 
Ineame Field 131 
□a Accum (3) 
hd Inc (21 
Do Accum O 
SmeSer me (51 
DO Accum (51 

2127 222.4* 

3401 357 JM 
1044 1Q98 
1832 132.7 
125.0 190$ 
1664 1723 
£1141 1209* 
£12.15 12$$# 


190. West George Si Oesgow <32 2PA 

<541-332 3i$2 

BMtncad Qth Inc 
_ Oo A ccua . 
hicone GUI Inc 
Do Aceum 
Service Go's he- 
Do Aceum 

44 7 47.6 +03 130 

■ 454 483 +03 ’ . . 

41.1 43.7* -0.4 540 

43.1 453 -04 

*8.7 513 +45 1.00 

483 58.4 +03 


12S. Hen HWBom. London WCtV 8PY 

01-242 114$ 

CS Jepen Fund B3.I 884 +2 

River msc Danondge, TW9 IDT 
0732 3 IP222 

a me Equity Income 313 3*2 
Amer Special 3B SOI 53.6 

1. Olympic way. Wamtfay. HAS ONB 
01-902 8873 
Growth 2B«1 3022* +0.1 £31 

income 3262 3492* +0.7 4.02 

Far EM mo 2053 +1.4 033 

Norm American 1513 1910 

Global 473 503 

European 49 0 Hi 

Japan 5* 0 574 

1513 i?i.O 
473 503 
49 0 521 
54 0 574 

Amer ^edol Sts 
Far EM he 
Git A Rue M 
Grower A income 
Japan Special SKs 
Japan That 
Manned im Tet 
Max Income Equity 
Professional Gh 
SouUi East Aria Tfet 
Spaa* sits 

50.1 533 


424 454 
1260 1343* 
135 0 1417 

81.1 873 

,11 H 

+14 an 

+03 434 
+03 135 
+03 40t 
- 0.1 888 
+0.6 431 
+33 .. 
*32 031 
+04 4.74 
+02 230 
+03 051 
+13 050 

PO Sox 551 Ban* Meric* Lonaon EC3 7JQ 
01-621 Mil 
Cast* 359.8 384 7 -03 1.88 

Income 2889 309.0 -1J 4.71 

North American 2342 3 14.7 +52 034 


6 Crotunr Sq. London EC3A CAN 
01-63$ 5858 



. 11 , Deuanem Sq. London 1 
01-823 4273 

Equity Cxmeot 4064 * 

Do Acorn 5144 ! 

UK Mattel Features 783 
Do Accum 783 

Japan Exempt £2863 3992 
Am Property Tet S107B8O * 

Properly Thw £20323 

Jspai R ertntm an ec 1384 
Do Accum 1383 

US Specen Features 702 
DO Aocum 709 

GoUAPIedDueMlK 388 

US Spedel Inc M3 

Do Accum 633 

European Perf Inc 794 
Do Acorn 725 


1 . Kmg Wftam Sl BC*N 7AU 
01 -S3 8314 

OH Trust 102.4 1083 


2 . Fore Street. London BC2Y 5AO 
01-588 1815 

tav Fund 41133 

fixed Hit 147.0 

OeooM 1003 

3. London im Bugs. London We 
01-828 5181 

Amer A Gen Inc 241 6 2573 

Do Accum - 2470 2823 

Amer TimernQ Inc 2182 2303* 

Oo Accum 2242 2364* 

Cental T« he 
bo Accua 
Gone A OK UK 
Do Aonm 
Extra Inc Tet he 
Do Aeon 
Income Trua 
Do Accum 

hi Growth Fd he 

Do Accum 

2 Fore Street London EC2Y MO 
01-588 1815 

Japan & Gen he 
Do Accum 884 

Mommy hcome Fd 834 
Recovery 133.4 

Do Acam, 1502 

European he 563 

Do Accua 883 


Narrow Plato. Bristol BS2 OJH 
0800 373393 

Amer Gkcwm 233 234 

Equity High hcome 423 454* 

Europoan Orowtfi 28.1 £73 

General Equity 383 41.1 

G *1 A Fixed fit Gth 288 31.1 

Git A Read he 2«3 25M 

Index Securities 253 267 

Jepen Qrowti 308 323* 

+06 130 

-oa +20 

+05 K» 
-03 160 
-05 330 
-03 950 
-02 230 
+08 030 

+53 050 
+ 6 B 050 
+52 1.11 
+54 1.11 
-04 137 
-03 137 
.. 520 
-02 520 
-0.1 420 
- 0.1 *20 
-02 4.18 
-02 4.18 
+83 .. 
♦3.7 .. 
+2.1 (LOB 

-13 234 
-3M 234 
+0.1 132 
+0.1 152 
+12 OOl 
+32 am 
+13 0.18 

+13 ait 

+1.1 148 
+1.1 148 
+13 438 
+13 438 
+14 135 
+14 135 


98-100. swung Hd. M Md rt o n e. Kent ME 1 * Vtt 

0622 674751 

ULA General 383 352* -02 2:12 

mla htemeflonei si5 545 +09 697 

MLA on Unk 243 25.4 -0.41023 

MLA [ncoma 42.1 445 -02 534 

MLA European 26* 361 ■ +03 033 

-04 lit 
+04 1.70 
+02 1.70 
+03 059 
+03 089 

Phm em Eno. Dotting. Suney 
0306 886056 

FP Evilly DU 

Do Accun 
FP Fixed hi DU 
Ds Aeon 

Stewards*® Dm 

Do Accum 

161. OMaoMfe. London EC2V 8EU 
01-726 I9» 

1993 2115 
3322 3525 
114.7 1223 
1303 1309 
1723 1883 
1773 1183 

Enemy That 443 <74 

Extraincome 1833 1703 

Financial 1B64 1759# 

On Strategy 561 $73 

Growth hmanent 2773 2882# 

Income A Growth «03 423 

Japanese A Pacific 1813 1712 

Nth Am*- Growth 10*9 110.6 

M Re co very 1119 1160c 

Smaller Cos 2119 2244 

GtaMI he T* 559 864* 

SpecU Sts Acc 2853 3033 

1049 1106 
1119 1160a 

2119 2244 
559 SB. 4* 
2853 3033 

+03 678 
-0.4 533 
+09 191 
-02 1.73 
-19 2.69 
-03 4.53 
+67 070 
+13 034 
+13 1.73 
+03 134 
+03 3.62 
+19 195 


Kh Hoar. 6 OevchsTOra So. London I 

01-283 2576 Doling 01-625 9431 

UK Cv Fnd me 
Do Accum 
hcome ftetd 
Petition Exempt 

Crown House. Wafcmg GU21 1XW 
04862 5033 

High Income Trust 239.1 285.7 
Growth Trust 2223 2874 
Amedc w Trust 129.7 1387# 

US A General 
Teen A Growth 
Japan A General 
Far East A Ghi 
E uropean Fund 
Germany Ftxvo 

973 1044 
1382 1483 
79.1 84.7 

1083 1783 

1024 1767 
002 844 
084 71.1 

230.1 2481 

1025 1087 

2322 2484 
617 680 

-09 230 
-13 230 
-08 fttO 
.. 190 
+13 180 
+9.1 030 
. . 1-10 
+05 020 
+33 0+0 
+49 040 
+1.7 1.10 

St Gtom way. S t e mana ge Hens 
0438 3R101 

Grorifh IMS 768 805 

t» A fixed H 1U.1 1161 
Hun Income tints 1167 1203 
man vum Oil Uni 584 ails 

M Grom Una 1223 rasa 
N American Unde 703 74.7 

Far East Unta 899 943* 

SmaMr Cos fijed S74 713 


Uncom Hem. 232. RtantoTO ltd. E7 
01-23* 5344 

Meneap 1361 MA3 -13 43S 

33. KhQWIBi 
01-280 2880 


Amer Grower 
Do Accten 
Am* hcome 
Da Acasn 
European Growth 
Do Aoeum 

Do accuu 
Gw & Fixed 
Do Aeaan 

1023 1094 
1073 1133 
6M 544 
d]| 567 
1214 1299 
1262 1311 
24*4 '2ms 
3982 4216 
874 803* 


-65 611 
-29 333 
+08 0.72 

6 SI Mery Axe. London EC3A 8BP 
01^3 1212 DeeAng 01-823 5780 OeeAng 01-823 

American Trust 903 073* +8.1 030 

Auanlen Trust 173 16* +08 045 

Brlttsh TU Accum 554 809 -1.7 223 

DO Dm 467 524 -14 223 

Gammodty awe 51.1 54.7# +04 145 
Euopaan Trust 474 504 +1.1 09T 

Extra I naans Trust 469 504 -05 843 

For Drawn Trust 129.0 1389 +34 040 

fixed meraet Fund 284 265c -Ol 830 
Git That 267 274* -05 642 

Gfcsoel firid Aoeum 165.1 1767 +2.1 041 

DO DU 1574 1574 +13 041 

Gold Share Trust 107 114 .. 240 

Hedged A m erican 307 361 +02 040 

HWi hcome ThU 1413 1514 . . 607 

Hong Kong Trust 254 273 +03 19* 

hcome fish 782 81.8 -05 3.18 

hsiaenoa Agencies £+748 5030# -008 148 
Japan Trust i«LS 151.B* +63 090 

Managed Exempt 2719 2SU +49 2-70 

01 Shwgy Thu 303 361 +02 140 

Special Sts Trust 924 889 -O* 0.79 

UK Sndr Ca RacTst 708 784 -04 145 

Rama. Sunqy RH2 B8L 
07372 12*24 

UK h c ome 48.8 500 -02 4.47 

UK Grown Accum *84 524 +02 2.43 

Do DM 484 524 +02 243 

European Growth *97 524 +19 193 

PnafcGniwth 504 568 +09 .. 

4. Meuh Crescent. 
01-220 3*82 
American Firid 
CxrriN HM 
Growth A he fiaid 
Hgh DU Fund 
WsmsMnal Fund 
Resomae Fund 

Sntt Jap Oo'S find 
TUyo find 

Tokyo firid 

(Exi Amer a 
lEel Japan (A) 

(Ex) Pecdlc m 
(Ex) Smeler Jap 1+) 

724 709 
974 1034 
1325 141.7 
1083 1184 
1823 2057* 
184 193 
383 406 
1513 1723 
1474 1524 
10*4 1073* 
2054 27*4 
2119 2174 
2*4 282* 

+08 618 
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-07 *23 
-03 677 
+4.1 19S 
+02 041 
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+52 0.15 
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.. 047 
.. 0.10 
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+61 021 
+12 021 
.. 650 
+02 030 
.. 537 
+03 194 
-OS 610 

Do Accum 
Exwnpr DU * 
Exempt Aoctn 

833 004* 
924 862* 

235.1 2509* 

281.1 3094* 
1783 1872 
1801 1914 
2014 2142 
215.0 2267 
2369 2*42 
8862 3734 

+13 145 
+19 125 
+08 440 
+04 440 
+04 131 
-29 29* 
-67 60* 
-1.7 747. 
+02 440 
+OI *40 
+43 197 
+61 1.07 
+*4 0.00 
+43 090 
+14 655 
+14 655 
.. 688 
.. 689 

Rapatran Opt GtringGy-Saa. Wanting, w 

ESndrCaRacTst 703 783 


Whenasiar row. 77. London wan. London EC2N 

Bath Road. Chetsr uia m. Gtoucsstar GLS3 7LO 
0242 521311 

UK Bahneed he 
Do Accum 
UK Orowth Aoeum 
UK ttgh me he 

067 732* -04 240 
668 744* -04 235 
$34 099 -02 136 

667 70.1 -61 5.13 

01 -608 5820 
American Growth 
American he 
Bnpean Grown 
Gold A Minerals 
Jhpan Orowth 

04*4 +59144 

DO Accua 


Do Accum 
Extra hcoma 
Do Acorn 

-Gerowt-Gm-ho— ■ 
Do Aeeun 
hcoma - 

1864 1944 
32*3 3*79 
482 S13 
. 632 564 
1501 1894 

am rtan if 

+12 610 
-23 610 
+04 670 

-60 sxa 

594- 644 +12 017 

504 6*4 +13 0J7 

2714 2894 -12 425 

763 967* +12 195 
05J 704* +04 08* 
88.4 734 *04 *45 

201.1 2159 +68 027 

9*4 364c +03 £30 

1884 1802* +4.7 .. 

-DO Aceum 531AJ70.*— -23 435 

he Tech 
Do Aecun 

Japan Grown 
Do Accum 

N American Aceum 659 702* +14 043 
Far Eastern Accum 909 964* +24 0.16 
Ewopean Aecun 733 762 +12 096 
uk art A Fi he — " ~ ' 

5U 57.4* -00 520 
55* 59.1* -07 604 

Royal Excnange. BC3P 30N 
OI -088 9803 
GOt A fixed M 1200 126* 

Grown Equity 2068 2209 

Guam# 2892 2996 

N American 1384 148* 

Pacific 2265 2*19 

Property Shore 1712 1 

On Aecun 
N Amor A Gan 
Do Accum 
Pacific Bash 
Op Aecun 

Smaller Cox A fisc 194.7 2002 
DO Accum 2179 2339 

WQrtdwUa Grown 192.* 205.7, 
Oo AOBum 270.4 H 86 t 

UK Grown Fund <75 507 

1774 108.7 +60 0.42 

1854 190.1 +61 042 

79* 8*9 +14 002 

794 961 +14 04% 

1064 1133c +62 042 

1142 1262c +63 042 
1839 1361 +65 022 

1290 1374 +60 022 


CDurtHOddHse. SfMra HomL ShaflefelSI 3RD 
0742 7TH042 

caphtf hcome 773 86 M -4M 6*0 

DcAceum HB4 1123# -HA 2 A 0 

ConxnoCty A Gen 1024 1097 +14 IS 

Dc Accua 1*59 1944 +64 123 

Em High he 89* ssa* -03 741 

Do Accua 082 734* -OA 741 

G# A fixed he 64.1 503* -04 9.07 

DC Accua 864 923* -03 007 

Hrih VleH 1354 1861 -04 SA 1 

DO Aeaan 2843 2861 -44 5.41 

heeme 1732 104.7 . -14 331 

. Oo Accun 2824 SOILS - - 6 T 641 

Japan A FtcMC 2705 2883 " +74 049 

be Aoeum 2867 3023 - 4*9 409 

N Arnoncwi me ft* A 1220 # +67 123 

Do Aoeum 1379 148.1# +62 T 2 a 

Euro Gn me 1168 1203# +60 .1.17 

Oo Accua . 1359 14*4# +69 1.17 
SmaMr On he 1109 1267c - +02 206 
Do Aecun 1267 1304c +02 690 

Em High he 
Do Aecun 
Git A fixed he 
Do Accua 
hwi VleH 
Do Accm 

Dc Accum 
N AinarKUi me 
Do Accum 
EusGii me 
Do Aecun 
Snuier COS Inc 
Do Accum 

-04 5A1 
-14 541 
-14 841 
-6T 601- 
+74 HOB 
+84 009 

1233 1361 +13 022 

1290 1374 +60 022 

194.7 2002 +0.1 138 

2174 2339 +0.1 193 

192A 205.7* +34 098 

270.X aw.t +A7 042 

<73 507 -02 14* 


163. Hope Straw. Glasgow G2 2UM 
0*1 281 9252 

American 1174 12S4 

European 2297 2*62 

Smeler Cos 2154 2303 

+65 698 
♦44 197 
+03 044 

Smear Crxnpe m e e 2113 225.1 

7732 290.7c -14 147 

European Trust 2274 2*14* +14 1.10 

Whstode Part* Exeter EX5 IDS 
0392 52155 

General Tron *33 404 -03 600 

hcome Thro 37.7 404 -®.« 090 

h l em ot lcnM Ttuet 344 364* +09 070 

American 324 35.1 +04 600 

Japan 412 44.1 +14 140 

Trust or hv 283 303 . +0.1 240 



48. Gracachrach SL EC3P 3HH 
01-823 4200 Ext 280 

Dc Aoeum 
NH Ororeeca 
Do Aecun 
fir Eaat Acc 
American Acc 
European Acc 
Wotidwida Ace 

2060 2167 
3299 9509 

5067 0059 +161 070 

0867 7909 +1*7 070 

014 802 +29 010 

561 068* +14 140 

48.1 524 +OB 080 

474 614 +07 1A0 




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38 127 




48 223 

+ 1 



179 19 



26 167 



22 187 



53 162 




36 Ml 


• . 


28 103 




64 716 



17 127 




48 162 




33 321 



09 288 




10 153 






7 A 





M 274 




12 193 






*7 22* 


. T4 


• .. 



*8 64 







29 166 



24 165 34 



.. 67 
a 125 





34 166 



21 8 7 




20 133 







83 53 


10 340 

Pnea Chpe 1 

34 1 

tttf* Lour Company 

Amw True! 

Ang Amer See 

Br MSMt 
Br Ernpew Sec 
Br Im 

Craecent Japan 
Daroy Inc 

Do Cep 
Drayton Cone 
Drayton Far East 
Drayton Japan 
Dumee Lon 
Edh Amer asm 
EM urgn 
Deane Gen 
EngHh hi 
En(psn Scot 

F1C ADance 
FAC Psadc 
Flat Scot Amer 
first Un Gen 

. ._ 1 Em eronee 326 

PMnung Fkr East 118 

ITllMlil BafMfM • I'M 
iRSIMD I MUVf'+d 1-30 

Remhg Japan 702 
Flenrog Mwcanrse 160 
Remhg Oversea* 142 
fiamhg Tech 1S4 
fiwmng LhWMMl 305 
ForC3 »1 

SBC Ceoftal S3 

GT Japan 184 

Seneral Fimlx 169 

3enerM Cans oas 

SHsgow 5ax» 133 

KM 340 

Smell AWBiW Ul 

Small Oriental 202 

3owett Smsgy 22i 

Sreonfitar 3S0 

1*4 43 314 
14 03 .. 
1.4 02 . . 
60b 4.1 35.1 
09 08 *4.4 

47 32 469 

64 14 594 

S3 33 403 
29 62 S43 

60 14 874 

9tt 23 BBS 

61 14 762 

143 44 313 

67 114 63 
83 . 14 889 
7A 49 363 
124b *4 397 
14 12 
34 60565 
57 04 .. 

5.1 62 414 

34 67 860 

63 61 003 

60 62623 

61 24 813 

605 11 . . 
69 1.7 080 
153 S3 204 
63 65 544 
15-7 43 293 

4.0b 60 469 
63 13 084 

61 60 860 
2A 07 . 

180 158 - 
220 201 
101 90 

170 110 . 
106 MO 
119 90x 
«4 138 
169 135 
305 2S7 
35® 300 
JB7 I57"r 
141 112 
34 79 
265 217 
62 30 

74 58 
115 85 
210 Tfil 

TR hd 1 Gen 19* 
TR Natural Res 230 
TR Dtarth Ainmtca 91 
TR Pxcttc Bash 188 
TR Properly 18* - 

TR Teen 107 

TR Trussed - 189 
Temple Bar 158 
HxiRpnorton 301 
Throg Secured Cop 90S 
Trans Oceanic 203 
Tpouna 132 

Thorniest he 82 

US Deeerwra 283 
VHng Reecurees 37 
Westpcoi 00 

Wtoterbo no m Egy 100 
Ytth) 205 

Yeomen 950. 

67 69414 

» - 114 54 230 

I 68 .24482 

+2 1.4 00 . 

» 67- 61 484 

68 64 005 

+1 63b 39 361 

73 44-279 
» 113 b 44360 

-1 53 67 503 

»+2'i 49 00*74 

154 172 63 
+1 63 33 567 

» . 69 74 17.7 

. 62 3? <62 

- 33 61489 
» *3 62 561 

1670 6$ 961 


OXi 35V 
71 91 

« 21 - 
15* 11#- 
220 13* 

S’* 12 '* 

1SS 131 
140 90- 

247 187 
108 86 - 
740 375 
94 77 

133 75 

IP. <80 

218 103 

4*0 320 

302 264 
99 78 

20 10 
200 152 

Br aw i m Arrow 
Baay Mel 

Do -A 1 

^ TnM 


Frost cfc 
Goode (D 8 M) 
H en der xo n Mean 



Mransh Hone 
Pacific h* Tit 
Do W ar rant* 
Snath New Court 

M0. .#+■- 

• s • 

EISli • 

' * . 




”3 -12 

803 S-*‘j 

185 -a 

390 -5 

35 *■*■* 

»» -S 

9Tj • +2 

20 -] 

158 *-fi 



GW Joynaon and Co report 

Sheep nos. up 20.7 %,«« 
pnee. I76t9p(+1448) 
Pianos, in 18J %.8vs. 


£ per tonne 

SUGAR (From C- Czanrikow) 

. 115.0-154 
130. *-334 
147 .*-48.0 

Unofficial pricas 
OfflcW Turnover figara 

Pttse to C per metric toon* 
S#ver In pence per troy ounce 
Rudolf Wolf A Ca Lid. report 

10540 ; 10540 

10650 . 10740 

Op«i Close 
11-60 11. 6S 

12; TO 1245 
1740 16.90 

.1635 1745 

- W» 7 .75 
Vot 7428. 


Qjix Freight FUbnho Ltd 

report 310 per Indw point 

freigM Index 

Anrsge fuatodc prices #t 

represemw*** martat* op 
July 1A 


Pig Contract 

p. per Wo 

omh Open Ctosa 

' — '■ Kgn/tswi — dose 

Jut 88 - 557.6467.0, 557.0 

Octaff B284-62S.0 6284 

Jan 87 WJM554 5594 

Apr 87 725,0-7254 7254 

Gash 2*9 40-250.00 

Three Months . 253.00-25340 

OB: Caflla 97.D3ppar kg fw 
GB^Sheap T774Sp par kg est 
cw(+ 12.751 

G&Ptas. 7445pperkg Iw 

Vot 88 tots - 

England and Woles: 

. TANKER report 

Moh/Low Ctoao 

Aug 86 900-300 

Criflenos. upH)2 Vart. 
-price. 96.33rt-0.795“ — 
Sheep nos. up 124%, mr«. 

GAS 00. ■ 

A«q - - 


Od — 

Nov .... 


.87.00^.H Cash 337.00-339.00 

81J2M0.75 I Three Morans 3454044740 

?■ is. c 5« 


"7. £ ;-«m 

<h r 1 ’* 
!TN ^ 

^ ni' I'M* 

SS« TJ* 


• %, • 


business and finance 

T i d&ufr 

Equities sharply lower 

— ^old 



Claims required for 
+46 points 

Claimants should ring 0254*53272 

m El» iII'.uTsbm i 

E r r, i 1 I 

E T7 HTW .1^ I 

Aus New z 

—II " I ■ I 

IE KfiEfflEffllMM ESEESESI ■■ 



■!!■■ ■ 1 1 1 Ml 'I II 

380 260 Aov) Bnk 01 SC01 330 -4 

UA 5*. SowMart E8'i -V 

SS 31 Smtn S! Aubyn 43 

W< 419 Sana Ohm T19 -M 

>18 813 IMOn 898 

71'; 43't Wats Fmgb CSA'a m-3 

320 220 MWiM 300 -S 


143 *3 
102 3JQ 123 
23 84 4.1 

SOOb 7.0 88 
92.9 73 703 

157 SB CASE 

730 565 MllMrMt U3 

13 28 flO 

1-10 116 23 176 

SIS ESSrS £'5T M •♦a iff ««’ 

343 183 CAP Gp 200 ..21 >.l ■■ 

383 248 ft d-Lg ant « W *-l 

•s.? bsu, ’I a 3 aa 

3S.£ MSS*., SB 

■s‘£ sskuw- ms isi gas 

515 410 CMIUMH S9 v- K Inna 
870 8*0 OavanwnUA) 9SO • -« .«? Jg ® g 

204 16S Greenii WMdty 187 7.0 « 13.4 

243 183 Grodno Mft0 20? • ■ 72 Jf JM 

355 275 Gumma* 333 m-7 103 11 1|S 

S 5? 4 S SWAT- 1 * *g 33} 
S 18 RS r B^r D,,,, S g g - * 

11* 77 MtrslOA Thonpeon 111 32 U8U 

251 217 Mortand 247 at SJ 13.7 

248 131 SA BwMtfMi 181 -4 .. -- ■ ■_ 

23* 183 Scot 8 New 107 •• ?! M ' 7 

41'. 3DS Sttown *5f* ■-■ ill 1'1 ,c\ 

540 333 Wl 400 184 4.1 15.4 

316 223 WHOraad 'A‘ gl •-* JJ? *? 13? 

311 228 Do -B- •*} *-10 11.1 Jg «£■> 

281 188 TNIWb u ed bw JS IS! ii a 

950 410 UMwwmm ID W -a 1J-7 83 1« 

STS IBS Young JT 875 . . 104 3S 189 

352 203 Cramp 
343 250 CmyEwet 
256 140 CnWI 
19 63 OUe EM 

200 1SS Bam 41V 
52 29 ‘i Dawtiml 'A* 

385 262 Domra 
50 40 Dowamg 1 w 

212 182 DuWar 



323 *3 

341 .. 

228 #-2 

84 -1 

IBS *8 

2.1 07 10.1 

4.6 13 387 
63 19 132 

>4 10.0 212 

13 03 .. 
IS 34 00 
24 OA 224 
2.1 S3 127 

41 22133 

385 262 Oommo 3» •+* f* K 1I7 

50 40 DlMOmgAMK *0 J1 53 127 

212 183 CuO*ar Ig •« 11 H!|f 

4*5 370 Baarocorepanarw 3JB m-*'* ■? ?» B 

K 46 Emaranc men » _ Vi If ... 

82 42 ElMranc Rentals S3 «-2 5Z 

SS 5? D"" 9 SJ .10 88 33 162“ 

™ as ssrsa jS * »* « ;h 

ISO 108 FwnM 116 -4 ,24 ill if 

570 336 Coomen 

80 32 Canon (F] 

111 83') Gault 

*25 331 Gaursmv taw 

81 *0 Conn Da Groot 
17* 121 Cram Ncncnan 
224 158 Cm* houm 
2iSM68‘i Cumm 3*A 
*8 32 DSC 

315 207' » DPCC 
305 208 DMgaly 
23'.- 18*. Dam 
80 48 DM* A MM A' 

Z25 1TB DMM8 A Wtnn w 

480 -13 


% *>■ 


E159'i -2 


275 -5 

tS *'1 

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. zi 2 a *10 

41 43184 

1U 32 133 
•8 42 44 308 

17 U 42133 

~e 11.1 ana 

< 375 £* •• 

0.78 13 .. 
23 OS 388 
.5 174 85 104 

m m-2 1*3 8# 80 

S -f! « 23 
S -v S *S»S 

jn m .. 280 *4 13.1 

TO :: 24 17 180 

ieo -S-5 H 102 

S iS«. 

247 H U1M 

181 -4 

147 104 81 11.7 

130*. .. 41.1 1.1 ■■ 

400 4 184 4.1 15.4 

ai 44 <1.1 44 130 


288 218 AMman Pant 
297 213 fcnae . 

87 52 AmcMB 

177 125 WJXOOO* 

550 331 BPeintoWn 

sarxc- a 


BanftMf-ooncrma 89 

252 -2 

288 -■ 

87 *3. 

174 •*> 

638 •-? 

1U 43 234 
187 84 144 

ftl 0.1 10J 
81 33 184 
124 24 164 
102 34 123 

104 7.8 .. 

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*2 . . • . . 54 

4 104 5* 204 

T. 84 81 144 

1-1 4.4 87 184 

.. 371 *4 124 

-5 300 44 80 

-5 143 83286 

43 53 143 


» ,, 87 63293 

-2 44 33 183 


' please be sore to take account 

Weekly Dividend 


'*4 r'J 

-,'ittg 1 

ii'. -Ixl* 

C r - j l ' i,’ 


275 285 ebnaonAODud * 270 -5 143 53286 

91 81 Br Oradpmg 78 43 53 143 

» is m 37 mSb 

IK s tsss* is -a « 

Z7 11 £Jm«>hm«ii ,S'» ' A 

158 150 CikMmad Hotw, ISO . ■ ■ ■■ ■■ 

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™ ® 5® !S .. 25 18120 

71 54 DO '*T g ” 15 87 M3 

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jit a s =] ^ 

illSwr-f -i Hi 

fit? 1 " 1 r snn 

ilmr 1 .4 1 si 

sis . 3 U- 1 ' 

2 a g^sa* 3 S'aia 


444 308 ^ .. ,87 13 174 

s*» S22lSin»b* iw • !! 83 87 143 

22 I® 2SSSSS 322 t 73 34 124 

SS '15 W -2 43 44 33 

isb: as « 8 S 

ffi’I'S^aSLr JS 11 _1 - 83 23180 

120 D7 SftarpB & Hinif »« _ mak r9 

84 W&nwtM “ • V ^3 b 5jS5 

BIB 342 TOTWC . . 5” IS ^ UUfl 

53 25 Fwwrd T«cn 44 . . 

226 15B CEC -8 

ISO 90 OrawwiO' 1» 

lao “ Sr n0BW “ m^- 

358 250 n sm c conwaa ■-> 

243 175 JM« Stroud 2*0 ■ - 

S 233 5?*R4lfig#numn 260 ■■ 

s s Ku S *4 

433 255 Uomec » -A 

82 51'iMcwBS 85 -3 

250 140 uoc Foam 14 3 ** 

58 33 MJtnont BOO 43 

66 92 UutmtrBW S3 

313 241 '» Ntwmtrti fjuD 3*3. V 

lOB'r 81 NE1 K « "* 

49 16 Ocaonlc* 18 

580 383 Oaf ml instrunantt 556 -\ 

32 18 Pimobi 28 ♦< 

184'. 128 Pumps H(1 yA (128 

17' 1 iS>. Pna5 Urnnpt W n* +* 

1S0 *£ ■*• ud wrnig ira . ^ 
SS%«25 J 

'45 ’a a^Autommton a +1 

23* ISO HtcM BM‘ 1« •-* 

488 158 «W*U* «0 

614 449 EcnoMfQH) 388 *2 

148 74 Snocroek 148 

54 ST* Sound Dtftaston 37 ■■ 

s ass.- 1 \ 

263 170 TaMpnont RtM* 213 -2 

125 48 T4MIWR 4B -1 

529 374 Ttiom EW 454 *-12 

250 170 Thon* [FW] ?SO .. 

360 22S TunatSI »3 •+* 

318 208 UO 314 -3 

273 158 mwen '» 

&7 18179 

4 8.1 82 129 

. 82a BJ 106 

36 40 114 

• ^ 1.7 31 74 

■ -B 10 B.4 .. 

. 12.1 54 93 

■*.1 17.1b B4 9S6 

170 69 104 
-3 1 4a 07 214 

• 4 154 43 133 

3 44 1.7U.7 

-3 17 1.1 104 


220 -3 


107 •-* 

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. . 103 83 1*3 

-2 74 7 7 14.0 

1.1 AI 36 

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+1 14 A7 134 

575 *> 

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4 74 44 94 

4 72 34 182 

+3 31 12 20 6 

tl .... 129 

_4 *3 24 170 

7.1 14 2S3 

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. 17 19 272 

04 14 74 

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-14 04 0J217 

154 -6 .. ■■ 143 

156 *9 AS 42 98 

92 .14 M 87 217 

"F ? h Si? 

45* • -12'i 259 AS 171 

6.1 2* 124 

25 04209 

72 IS 21S 
84 *5 101 

285 155 UU Lnwmg 
16O 118 Irtfl Sctantmc 

iso 11a Ltd Saaneuc i»o 

505 320 VG brnbnaio n t* «* 

323 225 Vole* , 2« 

108 5* Wastwn Samamn 82 

103 75 wnmwnn Bna w 

285 230 WhaMsam Hwig 260 

,67 -10 54 12 54 

148 •-£ 81 54112 

34 07302 
119 *4 83 
43 52 182 
22 24 112 

98 34 134 


278 >3 

121 •« -1 

349 238»i Taylor Woodri 
188 140 TlbSy-Qniup 
433 328 7mm A Arnold 


W.-Si; wantoBprtffK . 

204 17«i- W80« 

82 KT WMBm Brat 

»B iS SmnV cgi— ^ 

218 09 Wmpay (Qaourt 

IU 301 

C-nan* irai 

1 A FWer 1M 

US 83 

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Waakm 3M 

Qiouo 168 

114 42 109 
54 44 233 
74b 44 154 
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174 AI 142 
82 32 184- 

14 A8 . . 

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.. 1A7 14174 

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123 AI 10.7 
-V OI 54 1A1 

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, 848 82174 

248 228 AOngwotUi 

184 IV A«mn H«*no 
715 206 Antofagasta 
198 110 Bnrtdtgi Twdi 

26 I8’> ComeCa 
263 18* Candwor 
43 16 CmwotM* 

27'; 17 Eflixy A Qon 

185 143 M»y A Sana 
194 153 m|wai 

73 71 Nat Koma Loona 
95 93 Do 9% 

143 114 Naw m rtMt 


141 -4 

600 r ■■ 





22 -’1 

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71 -1 

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. . 27.50 44 64 

17.1 09 783 

5.7 12 404 

17 72 299 
49 A7 2A0 
B4D 44 269 

132 92 Davy K7 

10s 056 Osufln £2 

259 171 Dan ™ 

280 IBS Danmnd StanKXng M8 

315 188 Oaaeutmr » 

I9'i 17'j Dmrna HM 17' 

371 220 Omum 220 

1D2'i 83 Dooaon Pm »' 

110 98 Dam JOB 

118 95 Doinmon bn raj 

150 25 D-«* 125 

97 81 Dyion (JAJ) » 

88 72 DO A' 75 

313 2*8 EwtraPraO "J 

221 158 Earn 1* • 

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ISSoki, (AS -8- OB’* .. 

381 282 B4*l CAM CNy S2£ -3 

MS il l eSion JU41 B m 1 * ■ 

164 134 EiaitmaH *— 

in'nao'i Europwn Fmraa 1M -1 

140 112 Do 5% Prt 1M 

342 158 Euaiad 2“ , V- 

214 124 Expanw bit ^ 

415 315 Btn •"§ 

55 a FNCM1 ^ S ‘ a 

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143 106 Fanntr UH) 1g ■“ 

75 80 MB maw » ■■ 

B2S 408 fiawa , BJ8 -7 

kt 35 FnzMlkM S ^ +1 

12* 84 Rtncata CAW » • ■ ■ 

09 31 ■» Focal » -2 

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131 84 GBH 107 

388 2SB OKN 3*9 -6 

310 260 OH 31? . 

11B 60 Garam Eng JO* ^ 

157 100 Qtama ™ *’ 

150 til Gm*ea Jg - 

11'* 759': Gta*0 j 

344 iw Oynwed 326 

505 325 GomM Karr 420 

182 107 Graniaan HUjp 1«8 ; 

312 208 Granada 2ffi 

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232 134 HlB Eng ~i 

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265 180 HtMi I» 

280 230 Harnm 2M • - 

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248 175 Haim (PMp) * 

623 *31 Ha—faddem, 533 - 

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ISO 81 Hay (Norman) J65 

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286 212 Valor 
540 293 tAcfcan 
130 102 WCW Product* 
165 120 Vmtan 
204'. 13* 1 : v oa a i v ga n 
186 118 WSL 
1G5 128 Ws« Poaants 

225 158 wagon ma_ 

144 B9 WatnrtonJ Stas 

188 161 Marcums 
375 238 wadgiwad 
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231 180 wuea ra o 

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110 55 waa im n d 
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42 5 1 16 274 

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79 Afl 15J 

312 200 GtoM N Has 
58 20 Goal FW 
120 39 GlWMttniRM 
430 271 1C Gas 
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5* 34 mow 

29 11 KGA Drama 

243 95 LA8MQ 

300 130 Do Unas 
48 18 now London Ol 
143 95 Pw oco n 


32 +2 

50 m+2 

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295 210 HMMin Bsmia ZTg 

12* 82 WMUOB 1® 

263 177 wmaaofl 220 

18B 137 HAMS (JtttMS) J6B 

7*0 395 IWaTOHUg* STS 

160 120 WUB Gp JW 

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830 503 vanew ™ 

178 135 Young (HI US 

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BID 953 Snaa 
105 123 S*omna 
97 IB Sownagn 
23': 12'.- TR Enaroy 
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219 155 lAncnar 

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310 234 Hummg Aaaoc • ■■ 

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130 106 Kannaoy Smaia T20 -1 

290 230 Ket*Hm>JA» 275 

215 123 Maan-GSa US •• 

160 120 ABOA-MFI 
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381 813 AkhO 
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Metal miners face 
at Broken Hill 


Doman Road, Camberley, 
Surrey. GU15 3BZ 

Greene, King & Sons, pic | 


1 Results for 53 weeks to 4th May, 1986 

I ■ Pre-tax profits advanced b 1 

■ Earnin 

■ Dividend increase proposed 15% 

“A strong balance sheet and positive cash flow 
encourages us to press ahead with a record level 
of capital expenditure in the current year to 
enhance our position in a trading area continuing 
to be one of the most prosperous in the UJv.” 

»' J. Bridge, Chairman 

Year ended 

Year ended 

Profit before tax 
reaming s per share 
Dividend per share 

Qt /mVv* uTt/if' ftrjinrt twr! Amtttnht trill Itr nraihtOle than 
The Seml/tni, Weslgnle Bmcery. 

BurySL Edunauts, Suffolk IP331QT 
firm 24th July. 1986 (TcL Bury SL Edmunds 63222}. 

Things do not happen quick- 
ly in Broken Hill. Set in the 
desolate New South Wales 
outback, it is a mining town 
where men are men and 
women have little say on the 
matter. For many years the 
trade unions who rule the 
roost at Broken Hill decreed 
that women in the town had 
to give up work when they 
married so they would not 
deprive their menfolk of a 

The unions have held simi- 
lar sway over work practices 
at the town's giant zinc, lead 
and silver mines for most of 
the century. Adopting the 
role of a labour aristocracy, 
the intensely conservative 
unions have successfully re- 
sisted changes to the number 
of shifts at the mines. Until 
recently, the proprietors have 
been happy to oblige the 
unions, along as the mines 
have been profitable. 

But after six years of falling 
metal prices. Broken Hill is 
no longer making money. 
This year the two companies 
which own the town's three 
main mines. Broken Hill 
Holdings and CRA, an asso- 
ciate of RTZ, decided that 
costs had to be reduced 

They told the unions that 
the number of shifts worked 
at the mines had to be raised 
from 14to 21, including night 
working, and an extra blast- 
ing session had to be intro- 
duced. If not, the owners said, 
the mines would close down 
and Broken Hill would join 
the long list of mining ghost 
towns stretching from the 
Sierra Madre to the eastern 

But far from receiving the 
required response, the man- 
agements found they had hit 
a rock every bit as hard as the 
ore bodies lying beneath Bro- 
ken Hill The miners went on 
strike on May 26 and have 
been out ever since. As a 
result, not an ounce of metal- 
bearing ore has been extract- 
ed from the mines which 
account for 9 per cent of the 
lead and 4 per cent of the zinc 
supplied to the West 

The pace of the negotia- 
tions aimed at solving the 
dispute at Broken Hill has 
reflected the slow rate of 
change over previous de- 
cades. For many weeks the 
two sides put their respective 
cases to the New South Wales 

Industrial Commission with 
neither showing any sign of 
budging until a fortnight ago 
when the unions weakened 
and offered to compromise 
on 19 shifts a week. The mine 
owners promised they would 
consider the new stance, but 
have said nothing since. 

Despite their recent con- 
cessions, the Australian 
unions feel the strength they 
retain is in strong contrast to 
the weakness displayed by 
organized labour in 
America's copper mines.' 
There, the threat of mine 1 
closure led workers to accept 
pay cuts of up to 20 per cent 
when new three-year coin- i 
tracts were negotiated from i 

Of the large copper compa- 
nies renewing contracts this 
year, Newmoni Asarco and 
Kennecott have' all reached 
settlements with their work- 
ers. Talks are still in progress 
at Inspiration. 

The lessons from the 
American copper mines, 
where some of the toughest 
battle in US labour history 
have been fought, will bring 
little comfort to the unions at 
Broken Hill, or indeed any 
other mine in the developed 

Unless there is a sadden 
and unexpected surge in base 
metals prices over the next 
two years, mine proprietors 
will be under continuing 
pressure to reduce labour 
costs. The situation in Aus- 
tralia will be compounded if 
the Labour government is 
removed at the next general 
election and replaced by a 
more free-market orientated 

For different reasons, the 
outlook from the Third 
World provides further 
gloom for organized mine 
labour. As Mr David Wil- 
liamson of Shearson Lehman 
Brothers points out, develop- 
ing. countries such as China 
can quickly improve their 
hard currency tirade balances 
by tapping their vast re- 
sources using cheap domestic 

In countries such as Zam- 
bia, labour cost increases 
have been almost wiped out 
by rapidly-depreciating cur- 
rencies. At Broken Hill, it 
may be the men. not the 
women, who find themselves 
out of a job. 

Richard Lander 


• TESCO: Mr I C MacLaurin, 
the chairman, told the annual 
meeting that the current year 
has begun welL Tesco is spend- 
ing more than £233 million on a 
new superstore and store-exten- 
sion programme in the current 
year - and seeing a new store 
open almost every month. AD 
new superstores are performing 

The company has bought BM 
Computer Systeme and BM 
Informatik Systeme, a West 
German IBM leasing and dis- 
tribution concern, lor an un- 
disclosed cash price. This 
acquisition is the first in 
Atlantic's programme of 
expanding its profitable Euro- 
pean operations. 

PUTER: Newmarket Venture 
Capiial and the Greater London 
Enterprise Board have acquired 
the assets of Whitechapel Com- 
puter Works from the receiver. 
This acquisition came after a 
(ailed attempt at refinancing 
Whitechapel by Newmarket, 
one of the original institutional 

investors of Whitechapel Other 
investors were the GLEB and 
Scottish Mortgage and Trust 

GROUP: The company has 
issued 147,000 B shares as 
consideration for Hutchinson 
Construction (Northern). It has 
also issued 300.000 B shares to 
Mr Kevin McCabe, the manag- 
ing director of the company, 
under the executive share- op- 
tion scheme. 

• THORN EML The company 
has completed the sale to 
Expamet International of Metal 
Industries for a cash consid- 
eration which, including the 
repayment of indebtedness by 
MI to other Thom subsidiaries, 
etc. will total £10.2 million. 

• J BIB BY & SONS: Bailee 
Richfield, the electronic compo- 
nents distribution company, has 
been acquired from 1BR 
Electronics (the electronics arm 
of J Bibby & Sons) for £1.8 
million by a newly-formed com- 
pany, Bishopcross, through a 
management buyout organized 
by Candover Investments. 

Further Increase In 
; Hamper Sales??: 
Results In Record Profits 

\ V- 

► SALES UP UP 25.7% ◄ 

► PRE-TAX PROFIT UP 18.7% ◄ 


\fear to 31st March 










Pre-tax profit 



£1 .91 m 


Earnings per share 


8.01 p 

10.21 p 








Orders for Christmas 1986 New acquisitions Current year prospects 

at record level trading successfully excellent 

Park Food Group plc 

Copies of the Report and Accounts are available from: 

The Secretary, Valley Road Birkenhead L41 7ED 


Boost for 

■ The mini and mainframe 

supplier DatapoW took one step 

the mtarocomputer multi-user market test 
week as it announced a new senes of IBM AT- 
compatiWe workstations and ffle serwre. 

The systems, known as Deskstar and 
Starserver.wffl use the company's Arcnet 
local area network and dakn to offer a good 
deal more speed and power than many, 
existing PC micro systems. 

The workstation uses the Intel 80286 

' ‘.7 *. jnT 

- ,• v v • .. vjfh v 

w'. ?> 



I n,; 

computer RAM as standard and offers 
further memory expansion, while the file server 
uses the MS-DOS operating system, 
provides full Ararat support for fiat operating 
system and improved access time in the 

■ The Worcestershire-based Sky Software 
last week announced that it was entering the 
higWy-competitive multi and single-user 
database market The companynas just 
announced Skybase, a database the 
company says can be used hi conjunction .with 
its existing Skymaster accounting suite to 
produce complex tailored accounting and 
general applications. The announcement ■ 
followed news that Sky Software had just 
received a £300,000 investment of venture 
capital from Managed Technology Investors 
(MTt). MT1 is thus to take a share of the 
company's equity and expects to be tending 
managerial guidance to the young software 


■ Sperry has given the University of 
Stramdyde, Glasgow, a complete Sperry 
Explorer knowledge system work station. 

The equi, 
of Dr Her 

ledge system work station, 
t will be used under the direction 

The gift was part of Sperry's university grant 
programme, set up to provide artificial 
intelligence (All resources to creative 
individuals ana university departments to 
further their work in the development of AI 

■ IAL Security Systems, a British Telecom 
subsidiary, is to prqject-manage a contract to 
provide improved airport security systems 
for the new airport serving the Indonesian 
capital of Jakarta. Among the equipment to 
be installed is a range of Rapiscan X-ray 
baggage-screening units. An official from 
Indonesia's directorate-general of air 
communication said: “We have always been 
committed to providing effective securityfbrthe 
protection of our public and facilities. We 
have worked successfully with IAL on previous 
projects and they have always been able to 
provide the right level of equipment and back- 
up service to meet our demands”. 

In addition to the systems and support 
service, the directorate was impressed by lAL’s 
training facilities at Bailbrook College, Bath, 
England. Six Indonesian supervisors and six 
technicians win attend six-week courses at 
the college on the equipment to be used in 

I appear to be having a really interesting 
conversation with a database 

The Tef-e^ff 5000* one of thorniest . 
remote control dictation oyster* avaSabte, 
has been launched by the Peter WWorno - 
Group. The system, compatfote with standard 
Philips orGnindtg desk-top or portable 
dictation machines, can be hooked to al the 
latest telephone exchange designs, . -L. 
inducting digital, normal duffing and DTMF 
exchanges. As the picture shows, a ■ 

manager or executive can dictate on to the IT 
5000 system via the internal phone In Ns 
office to an fT 5000 unit attended by a 
secretary or a word-processing supervisor 

■ One of the first of an expected flood of 
cheap personal computers from the Far East Is 
the Sondwell 34 manufactured in Hong 

Kong. Priced at £680 it is compatible with the ' 
industry standard set by the IcIM PC and 
comes with two disc drives, a green screen ' 
monitor and 640 kilobytes of memory. 

The low price of such machines is causing 
consternation among other more expensive 
manufacturers many of which have already 
cut their prices by up to 20 percent A more 
powerful version of the computer, the 
BondweH 36XT, comes with a 20 megabyte 
hard disc at £1 ,150. They are berth bong 
imported by the Hrtchin-oased Spectrum Group 
on 0462 37171. 

■ Dr John Umb is to be director of the 
Networked Computer Systems Laboratory, at 
Hewlett-Packard's European research 
centre in Bristol. He will manage a team of 25 
investigating the future of distributed- 
systems architectures, including multi-vendor 
networking, office systems, mum-media 
networks and the implementation of open- 
systems inter-connect standards, including 

a prototype message handling system based 
on the X.400 set of protocols. 

Dr Limb, 46, studied electronic engineering 
at a university in Perth. In November 1967; he 
moved to Bell Laboratories near New York _ 
and, in ^ 984, when the company divided, began 
a laboratory to carry out research into the - - 
efficient coding of TV signals. The laboratory 
became awona leader in Its field. Recently 
he has spent a year as visiting professorto 
Essex University, lecturing in the electronic 
systems engineering department 


MfcmAPL training course — beginners July 23, 
intermediate September 3, advanced July 30 
and other series. London (01-622 0395) 

User association autonomy debate, Mayfair 
Hotel, Stratton Street, London wi . August 7 (01- 
399 5244) • 

Visit 86 Recruitment Fab; intercontinental 
Hotel, Hyde Park, London, September 5-6(01- 
840 7117) . •. 1 

Commodore Show, UM1ST, .Manchester, 
September 12-14 (061-466 8835) 

Electron & BBC Micro Show, UMIST, Manches- 
ter, September 2658 (061-456 8835) 

New Technologies m Training, Kensington 
Town Hall, London, September 30-October 2 
(01-727 1929) 

IBM System User Show, Olympia 2, London, 
October 1-3 (01-608 1161 ) 

Compec, Olympia, London, November 11-14 
(01-821 5556) 

Overseas ■ 

Comdex Australia, RAS Showground, Sydney, 
September 2-5 (01 -930 9740) 

EuroDec 86, Intercontinental Hotel, Fontenay, 
Hamburg, West Germany, September 23-25 (01- 
403 1473) 

Artificial Intelligence and Parallel Computers. 
Wiesbaden Penta Hotel, West Germany, 
September 23-24 (01-489 0849) 

Group of Six lobby for new Si- 
attitudes and freer trade ^sst. 

By Richard Sarson 

The larger European comput- 
er companies. Siemens, 
Olivetti, Bull, ICL, Philips 
and Nixdorf, protected by 
their national governments, 
have until recently made no 

the de facto standard for 

The Group of Six also ask 
for the removal of fiscal and 
legal barriers to European 
cooperative ventures, and 
welcome the EECs efforts to 
break down the customs pro- 

grand gestures of cooperation, break down the customs pro- 
This is changing, as American cedmes and other restraints to 
and Japanese competition European trade. 


At the same time, they urge 

The chief executives of the governments to attack the 
these companies, the Group of barriers to trade put up by 

Six, assembled at ICL’s head 
office at Putney and agreed a 
Joint declaration to present to 
their heads of governments, 
suggesting ways to create a 
better climate to sell Europe’s 
computers. There has never 
been such a meeting before 

America and Japan, restrict- 
ing access to their markets. By 
this they mean the “Buy 
American Act” which inhibits 
foreign bids for the vast US 
defence and space business. 

Another target is the extra- 
territorial controls on transfer- 

showing a common view of ring technology, which often 

the world market. 

The declaration asks the 
governments for more help to 

prevent European companies 
exporting equipment with US 
components to “sensitive” 

speed up their development of countries. 

‘open systems’ whereby differ- The Europeans ask their 

ent makes of computers can 
talk to each other, using OSI, 
the international standard 

ministers not to offer invest- 
ment incentives to non-Euro- 
pean companies, which might 

protocol They ask the Euro- have ihe effect of subsidizing 
pean ministers “to specify competitors. They deny _ that 

There is one barrier to free 
trade which is noticeably ab- 
sent in the Declaration. This is 
the tendency of the telecom- 
munications authorities in 
each European country to 
keep their own national stan- 
dards, so that it is still difficult 
to transmit information be- 
tween computers across fron- 
tiers though the public 
network. i 

Perhaps this was not men- i 
tioned in the declaration, be- 
cause two of the group. Philips 
and Siemens, are both com- 
munications companies, with 
very exclusive commer cial re - 
lationships with their PTTs. 
Nor did the Group of Six ask 
their political masters to open 
up public purchasing. 

However, it is new for the 
leaders of Europe’s high tech 
to make a “European Declara- 
tion of Independence*, calling 
for a change in their 
governments' attitude to- 
wards high-tech competition 
from outside Europe. 

From Catherine Arnst 
. m Boston 

For the home computer mar: 
Itiet, the gtoiy days of the enfr 
1980s, -when hopes bloomed 
that soon one. ont of every two 
American homes wonldowna 
computer, are over. But mann- 
factnrers can take-some com- 
fort hi the fact that the number 
of US hooies with computers is 

still -growing steadily, if slow- 
ly, tad buyers are paying 
much more for their machine. 

Market -researcher Future 
Competing expects that about 
3JB million competers, wi ft a 
combined raise of $4.6 bUtioe, 
win be sold to home users this 
year compared with 3.1 Brit 
lion computers, worth $3if 
billion in 1985. And while ite 
prices of computers sold for 
business have stomped during 
the past 12 months, coosanen 
hungry far extra fonctfons are 
EmppDy paying more each' year 
forborne computers. 

“The average unit price for a 
computer boaght for the home 
is now $1,200," read Jocelyn 
Young, indnstiy analyst with 
Fntnre Cossipnting. “In 1982 jt 
was $500.” Entreprenews who 
ion thdr business from home 
and employees who ose cos& 
paters to finish wmk brought 
home from the office make ap 
about afiftfrof the buyers of 
home compwters and may he 
the driving force .behind Ihe 
price change, Jocelyn Yaaag 
said. - . . .. • 

Now, the largest single cate- 
gory of software soM to tonne 
users is word processing rath- 

programmes. The traid four 
years ago was different. 

Then, home computer mak- 
ers were poshing their price 
below $200, games software 
. was the biggest draw at. indos- 
try trade shews and sales were 
doubling each year. Bat die 
-bobble bant and penetration 
of computers into US tomse- 
’ holds is only about 15 per cent 

The tnrning point came in 
1984 when consumers started 
demanding computers that 
could do more thaw just play 
games or store recipes. Sides 
sank and within a year key 
firms such 'as Mattel,. Texas 
Instraments, Timex and 
Coieco had all left the marfcet, 
leaving only Atari, Commo- 
dore and International Bnsi* 

ness Machines. 

wfeen TBM, world’* 
largest computer., company, 
gave up on hs PCjr model in 
March 1985, little more than a 
year after it was introduced, 
the home computer market 
seemed to disappear. But ana- 
lysts said the emphasis bad 
only shifted - to higher-priced 
computers manufactured by 
companies such as Apple, 
Tandy.and even the stendvd 
DBM personal computer. 

The years 1982 to 1984 were 
aberrations in the indust r y' s 
growth pattern. Fntnre Com- 
puting found that ignoring 
machines sold primarily as 
substitutes for video games, 
saks of computers for toe 
home grew at a steady 3 per 
cent or so a year, a treM 
expected to continue' through 
1990, when one out of every 
three US tomes should havd a 

Atari and Commodore, price 
the leading sellers of the vide* 
game replacemsmt computers, . 
upgraded their own lines in . 
1985 with new computers tint 
closely resemble Apple’s Mac- 
intosh. Commodore is expect- •, 
ed to unveil an even more 
sophisticated edition of Its 
Amiga computer sometime 
this snmmer, which may cost 
about $3,000. j 

Bnt Commodore is not aban- 
doning the low end of the 
market and has jest an- 
nounced a ttew version of Sts 
best-setting Commodore 64' — 
with a price tag of $199 — that 
has three software programs 
rododed, icons and pull-down 
menus similar to those reed on 
the Amiga. 

But Jocelyn Young said that 
although low-cost computers . ' 
still account for about half the 
unit sales to the home market,, 
their buyers tend not to be 
long-term customers. “There 
is a much higher drop-oat rate - 
for those users,” she mud. 
“They tend not to migrate to 
higher-priced computers.'” : 

Open Systems progressively in 
their purchases*. 

they are being protectionist in 
this, but that they want to “set 

Compaq: an executive tool! 

They declare that “in a free the climate for free and lair tv ^ .l 

and open mariceu there should trade” across the world. (As if n' r ‘; _ , C<lmp - aq Porta * >l<; . n B 
be no question of any compa- to demonstrate that they are r™ n C ®“T“t e, V ** vc 9 f w * at * 

ny exercising dominance due not acting as a cartel last snuu \ “ aee . k , enough to go on yom-P ’ P » » f 1 

to possession of a proprietary month Siemens started selling y* with the power (640k, 20mb) 

system.” This is a coded their computers in Britain for «speed (8mhz) of an “AT 75 . The result: 

attack on IBM's SNA proto- the first time, in direct compe- after four years as a PC user Tv C finally got o« (the Compaq) 

col which until now has been litionlolCL) •. <m my aga desk. (Signed) J. B ritten,, M»T»^pj r e Mofc.Mnree. 

PC User show: free t 


Ail dials fit to show In PC's at Olympia, 26 to 18 
July- Morse have, due to an admin error, 
15,000 free tickets to dispose of! Our v. low 
prices for the IBM PC, XT and AT/E start at 
£1090 for a complete IBM PC. XT FD 10mh 
£1650. AT/E 20mb £2850. New BM XT SFD, 

new AT/X 30mb, new Proprinter XL, new 12 F 


-key keyboard. 

w *•»■**«![ to UYVAT 


ondon WClV 6LS. 
64A Telex 262546 

78 High HolbofTi, London VSfC &V 6LS. . 
Telephone 01-831 0644. Telex 252546. 










5 *£*?«■ o£ 5* S* 





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, ■ - S * 

The score 
on micro 

By Nick Hampshire 

Could it be ihai a handful of 
musicians experimenting with 
the use of computers for music 
synthesis are creating one of 
the most revolutionary musi- 
cal instruments ever 

Many would dismiss this 

SrfijLFS 1 ^ the music 

genoated by microcomputers 
“B : been rather erode, lacking 
the quality and versatility 
essentra] to professional musi- 
a .ans. Unless, of course, they 
are prepared to spend a lot of 
money on a mini computer 
Msed system such as the 
Fairhght- However, new soft- 
ware and music boxes linked 

VLSfb- ch ? a P and powerful 
| o/32 bn microcomputers will 
change this. 

’ The quality of digitally 
stored, synthesized and prxv 
duced music is now high, the 
compact disc bears witness to 
this. Add the quality of sound 
produced from a compact disc 
to the enormous power avail- 
able at low cost from the new 
generation of microcomputers 
and a potential revolution in 
musical sound is created. 

_ The relationship between 
music and mathematics has 
long been understood. The 
fcncient Greek mathematician 
Pythagoras was one of the first 
to propose a mathematical 
hypothesis for music. But it 
was the physicists of the 18th 
and 19th century who finally 
worked out the physics of 
sound production. 

What is so exciting about 
using a computer as a musical 
instrument is the opportunity 
it gives the musician and 
composer to design sounds 
from their fundamental wave- 
forms. This facility means that 
-the musician and composer 
edn now also become the 
instrument maker. 

The hardware needed to 


Srepnen Jon*»sen 

generate musical waveforms is 
now being included in some of 
the latest generation of micro- 
computers. The Commodore 
Amiga has four audio chan- 
nels capable of producing 
good quality stereo sound, 
though not yet full hi-fi. The 
Amiga can be programmed to 
output the waveform of any 
instrument or sound, its 
sound output can even be 
used to generate high quality 

As an analysis tool the 
computer will allow the 
composer/musician to discov- 
er new sounds. All sorts of 
natural sounds can be record- 
ed and then taken apart and 
analysed. Interesting sounds 
thus obtained can then be 
used, with the computer syn- 
thesizing them at the pitch and 
amplitude needed by the 

Sound sequences can then 
be stored digitally and com- 
bined with other sound se- 
quences all within the 
computer, thereby replacing 
much of the complicated 
equipment within a recording 

A computer controlled mu- 
sic workshop is now being 
marketed by the Roland Cor- 
poration of California. This 
company is well known for its 
electronic musical instru- 
ments, especially organs and 
synthesizers. The system 
hardware does not allow com- 
puter generated waveform 
synthesis but instead is de- 

signed to connect an electron- 
ic instrument to an IBM PC or 
compatible computer. 

The system software is es- 
sentially a musical word pro- 
cessor. It can assemble 
musical phrases into complete 
compositions, using ihe MIDI 

instrument as an input device. 
Once musical phrases have 
been input they can be altered. 

The software allows the 
composer to create a score 
using eight tracks, each track 
being assigned to one of 16 
MID/ channels used to drive 
any MIDI instrument. The 
user can merge tracks or 
phrases as needed and then, 
using the replay, check how 
the passage sounds on differ- 
ent instruments. 

Once a piece of music has 

been composed the software 
can be used to generate a 
score. Here the composer can 
define keys, clefs, and time 
signatures as well as further 
amending his composition by 
using a graphics display of the 
musical score. 

Unfortunately, many musi- 
cians. sound engineers and 
producers have not yet learnt 
how to use stereo recording 
effectively, let alone digital 
recording and mastering tech- 
niques, so learning to use 
computers within the music 
industry will be a slow 

But one thing is certain — 
sooner or later the computer 
will change the future of 
music, its composition and its 

US confirms the worst 

Reports from the US that the .semicon- 
ductor industry is still in recession has 
given little cheer to the British computer 
and electronic companies who feel the 
draught from any ill wind blowing in the 

Last week's reports that there had 
been a decline in die orders placed with 
semiconductor manufacturers indicated 
the worst. That orders are simply not 
being placed by the industry's principal 
customers — the computer manufactur- 
ers. The surprising reports indicate that 
the computer industry is still not oui of 
the depression, which has so far lasted 
iwo years. 

Analysts from the US market research 
group fn-Stat last week predicted that 
the US market would not sustain any 
significant growth until the office 
equipment and the computer industries 

Many in the US and the European 
computer industries budgeted on the 
recovery being more complete. The 
performance or computer companies in 
the 12 months of 1983-84 showed the 
industry that the phenomenal growth 
could be sustained. Orders were placed 
by manufacturers in anticipation of the 
expansion that was never to be. 

The poor sales performance was to 
result in immediate cancellations of 
orders from a semiconductor industry 
which was now overstocked. The prices 
of the components dropped, undermin- 
ing what little stability the industry 
acquired. In-Stat predicts a drop in US 
computer sales by about 1 7 per cent this 
year to S 14.000 million. 

The predictions will do little for the 
confidence ofThom-EMI. the owners of 
the microchip company Inmos, which 
last week showed it is experiencing the 

chill. It reported ihe closure of most of 
its manufacturing base in Colorado 
Springs in the US and is concentrating 
its production in Newport. Wales. 
About half the workforce of 800 in the 
US will be shed and £45 million would 
be written-off in equipment and 

It was a another sad episode in the 
history of Inmosu created by the last 
Labour government in its pursuit of the 
new microchip revolution. Through the 
auspices of the Department of Industry 
and the British Technology Group, the 
company was to become the recipient of 
grams and aid of about £100 million. 




Bill Johnstone 

Technology Correspondent 

The Thatcher government, ihe principal 
shareholder, agonized for months in the 
summer of 1983 over injecting further 
monies. Within a year Thom-EMI had 
bought the group for £131 million. But 
last week after five years in business the 
microchip company reported a trading 
loss of S50 million. 

Since the microchip market is provid- 
ing problems for the big players, it is of 
little surprise that “stan-ups" wiU have 
problems. The Inmos statement says it 
all: “In spite of the deepest and longest 
recession in the history of the semicon- 
ductor industry*. Inmos has maintained 
major manufacturing facilities at Colo- 
rado Springs in the US. and Newport in 
the UK. so that when the market 
recovery occurred it would have manu- 
facturing capacity available. 

“However, this recovery has been 
much slower than forecast and it has 
become apparent that the substantial 
increase in worldwide capacity, particu- 
larly in the Far East, will exceed demand 
over the next two or three years.” 

The semiconductor recession and the 
chill wind will do little to help Sir Clive 
Sinclair who is about to enter the 
microchip design-manufacturing mar- 
ket. Last week he announced the 
creation of a new company, Anamarlic, 
to develop wafer scale integration. The 
technology which will further miniatur- 
ize computer memories and concentrate 
more microchips on one device. 

Sir Clive is attempting to raise £& 
million for the next phase of the venture 
which has already cosi about £3 million. 
About £2 million was provided through 
Sinclair Research while the remainder 
came from Barclays Bank. The current 
idea is far more modest than the one 
originally floated over a year ago. 

The financial problems experienced 
by Sir Clive in ihe last year have 
thwarted those ambitions as has the 
state of the semiconductor market 
About 30 per cent of ihe new company 
would be given in exchange for the £6 
million tranche: although a partnership 
with an existing semiconductor manu- 
facturer would be ideal. Further dilution 
of the shareholding of the microchip 
company would ensure that Sinclair 
Research would only hold less than half 
the shares. 

Anamartic promises dramatic price 
and performance improvements over 
existing technology. In the present 
climate the financiers on both sides of 
the Atlantic, who traditionally don't like 
the chili, may take some convincing. 

Chasing the holy grail 

By Geof Wheelwright 

Anamartic, the new computer 
..chip design company an- 
nounced by Sir Clive Sinclair 
and vice chairman of Gould 
.. Inc., David Simpson, is ebas- 
one of the holiest grails in 
, microcomputerdom. 

The Wafer Scale Integration 
. (WSIJ technology it is devel- 
oping, was first ^proposed 
more than a decade; ago as a 
'! way of providingfast low-cost 

■ and more efficient computer 
: memories. But until very re- 
cently, no-one had been able 
to crack the problem of manu- 
facturing the large — and yet 
reliable — silicon ‘wafers', 
required to ran a WSI system. 

Last week, the Sinclair Re- 

■ search spin-off company 
showed in prototype what 
could be the first world WSI 
memory, perhaps ending 

- years of searching for a way to 
develop a technology many 
computer hardware designers 
• said was currently impossible. 

-. The theory behind WSI is 
thaijnstead of placing a whole 
collection of single silicon 

chips together on a computer 
circuit board — and suffering 
the speed and reliability re- 
strictions that such a design 
imposes — you ‘etch' all the 
the chips out of one large 
silicon wafer and leave them 
on the wafer, side by side. 

All the chips are now on a 
single piece of silicon; they 
communicate between one an- 
other more quickly and. are 
cheaper ro manufacture. The 
real problem which has always 
confounded chip designers, 
however, has been that if any 
parts of the silicon wafer 
became damaged or unusable, 
the whole wafer would be 

To get round this, WSI 
systems are designed either to 
repair damaged parts of the 
wafer or to reroute the flow of 
information around the wafer 
so that it only uses those 
sections it knows are reliable. 
Obviously, such a design 
could have great cost and 
performance benefiis, but it 
will be early next year when 
Anamartic expects to have its 
first working models. 



The Numerical Algorithms Group (NAG) develops quality numerical soit- 
iware products for use by scientists ond engineers in the work ot 
education, government and industry worldwide. The new post of Develop- 
ment Division Manager reinforces NAG's commitment to technical 
innovation and development. The appointee will report directly to senior 
management. He/she will hove direct administrative responsibility for the 
Library Development, Project Development and ADA and Algol 68 
Groups, headed by their Group Leaders and involving some twenty start. 
The appointee will also be actively involved m coUaborative investigations 
into the development and use of expert and knowledge-bosed systems, 
production and use of software took in fibrary dev^opment a.^ the 
integration of softwore products. A vital aspect of Jjdjwr role will be the 
development and ccwirdmatron of contorts ^ ^AG s many vohintanj 
contributore and volidotors. Current involvement with the NAG project 
will be an advantage. 

For this senior position NAG Limited is seeking o person with an mtenw- 
tionpl reputation in the development of algorithms and of numencol 
software It is onticipoted thot the appointee will have o significant 
research record covering the areas of algorithmic design, of development 
numerical software, and of the use of numerical software in application 
areas In addition to this strong technical background, he/she 
the necessary skills to meet the managerial challenge of leading the 


An Minnintment wiff be made in the salary range (£17,000 - £21,875) 
relocation allowance available and, if necessary, aais- 

immediate work. 

I Completed .ppliarti*. fern, plus ■ ' * 

the Administrator by Friday 8 August ‘voo. 

Further details and an application form 
may be obtained from:- 

The Administrator 

Hag Central Office 

Mayfield House 
256 Banbury Road 
Oxford OX2 7DL 

Tel: Oxford (0865) 511245 


air,afiiTH M_s_ 

G R a u -E- 

,i me London Am, 
! intensive Analysis 

offer SHT* « ubtes W* im m a "~' ** * 3 


T?05 ARE EUG^SSSifS S^^OWAtlCE ^ JuJy * 6 ^ 

If you® 




Cross Channel Opportunity 

Analyst/Programmer £ 14,000 -£18,000 

The Data Processing Department of this 
leading energy company has an exciting 
opportunity for an Analyst/Programmer to 
work in one of its Paris project teams for 
approximately 2 years. During this time, you 
will work on database and technical 
applications, gaining wide technical experience 
in an international environment, the software 
tools developed here being used throughout the 
company’s subsidiaries worldwide. 

Aged 25-35, you must be qualified in 
computing or a similar discipline. You will have 
worked in a technical computing environment 
for at least 3 years and have experience in 
Fortran 77, relational database and screen 
management systems. A knowledge of French is 

If you like working in a specialist 
environment with your own responsibilities, and 
are attracted by the prospect of working abroad, 
then you may be the ideal candidate to take on 
this unique and challenging opportunity. 

Please send full c.v., which will be 
forwarded unopened to our client. (Address to 
our Security Manager if listing companies to . 
which it should not be sent). . ‘ 


R\ Advertising 

Windsor House, 12 Queen’s Road, 
Aberdeen AB1 6YT 




lb £18.000 

Technicians who have the potential and drive to rapidly progress will be offered the opportunity 
ro work on numerous interesting prefects The responsibilities of technical staff encompasses 
project development and pre/post sales support on UNIX systems Applicants should have a 
minimum of 6 months commercial programming experience using C. with strong self motivation 
and the ability to communicate effectively. A desirable attribute would be a knowledge of 
UNIX/XENIX operating systems. Salaries are competitive and commensurate with experience 

Ref TC 12374 



£ 20.000 



TO £30.000 
+ CAR 

One of the most successful International car manufacturers require a professional with proven 
experience for a Senior Management position The suitable candidate will be reporting at a 
National level and responsibilities will include feasibility studies, planning and developing 
integrated system solutions to meet the company's growing business information needs To meet 
this challenge applicants should have demonstrable management ability coupled with strong 
interpersonal skills gained in an ICL VME environment using COBOL and TP systems Previous 
distribution experience is advantageous In addition to high salary, company benefits include 
5 weeks holiday, relocation package. BUPA and Pension and Sickness scheme Ref. TPP 14197 

This Software House specialises in banking systems and at present has in excess of 40 clients 
They have an immediate need for someone who has considerable knowledge of Portfolio 
Investment Management Systems The ideal applicant will have a Banking or Stockbroker 
background. Knowledge of Unit "Rusts would be advantageous however, the most important 
quality of the successful candidate will be the ability to communicate effectively with people 
at all levels within the investment environment. In addition to a very competitive salary, the 
company benefits include a Company Car. Entertainment Expenses. BURA and a Pension Scheme 

Ref. TM 14130 

COBOL. PL/1. RPG 11/))! 


TO £17.000 + 

Our clients include some of the worlds largest banks with branches throughout the globe. They 
are currently looking for good Graduate Programmers with upwards of 18 months experience 
Of COBOL PL/I . or RPG II & 111 to work on a high quality range of banking applications Experience 

' '(trail 



TO £30,000 + 

of IBIS 38. MIDAS or KAPITI would certainly be an advanta 
will be given. Salaries are excellent and are complemen 
first rate bank. 

but is not essential as full training 
the banking benefits befitting a 
Ref. TY 14215 

The function of a Business Analyst in any international Bank is regarded as one of the most 
important services These professionals have to speak two languages that of the non-technical 
user (Banker), and that of the D P. Department which does not understand banking applications 
Both areas require a very high specification and applicants with these skills are desperately 
required at this leading International Bank in the City. Particular areas of interest include. Secunties 
Eurobonds Dealer Room Operations and FOREX Idea) applicantsshould have gained a thorough 
knowledge of at least one of these areas, coupled with a reasonable technical D.P. background 
Excellent banking benefits are offered in addition to above market salaries Ref. TP 13559 



This fast growing British company is a subsidiary of a well established Consultancy in the USA 
Candidates should have considerable knowledge of Retail Banking Systems Dulles will include 
client liaison, fact finding, analysis and recommendation to senior management. Suitable 
applicants will be graduates in their late twenties with communication skills expected of high 
calibre professionals These positions offer the opportunity for self-motivated Systems Analysts 
or Proiect Leaders to accelerate their career progress. The benefits package includes company 
car. generous expenses. BUW and a pension scheme Ref. TM 1 3436 ■ 



£40.000 OTE/£2 0.000 BASIC 

The Financial Systems division of a maior and long established comparer group is recruiting a 
Sales Professional to sell at senior levels within theCiry Thecompany has enjoyed considerable 
success through the sales of their Investment Accounting. Unit Trust and Banking software 
packages based on DEC hardware Existing users among the extensive diem base indude leading 
Merchant and Private Banks and Insurance companies. The successful applicant should possess 
a track record showing high achievements gained selling financial systems or consultancy in the 
City In addition, a highly professional approach and the abrftcy to generate new business is 
required This represents an outstanding opportunity to iom a well respected and specialised 
organisation which boasts an exceptionally high profitability ratio and offers definite career 
progression. Company benefits include very achievable on target earnings, private mileage and 
company car. free BUPA and a pension scheme. Kef- TL 142 1 5 




This dynamic micro computer sales company is a leading dealer for IBM and Compaq PCs and 
Local Area Networks, with an impressive turnover in excess of £) 5m. which has doubled since 
last year They are seeking experienced Sales Executives for their successful City and Strand 
Offices A superb diem base and numerous new opportunities has Jed to over 50% of their Sales 
Team regularly achieving twice target. With a basic salary of C. £14K and OTE of £30.000. the 
earnings potential is totally unlimited A well proven rradc record in micro sales and a high level 
of self-motivation are important prerequisites These positions represent an excellent opportunity 
for ambitious Sales Executives whoalso desire real career progression. Company benefits indude 
top technical support, high e&mings incentives and choice of a superior company car 

Ref. T| 14317 





24 HRS (10 LINES) 

01439 8302 

01 437 5994 


(0892) 28736 

(0252) 27703 



Now be your own 
language expert 

Time to 


From Adam KeDiher 
in Hong Kong 

Rudyard Kipling wrote that 
“East is East and West is West 
and never the twain shall 
meet." But then, he never had 
a chance to use a multilingual 

A new desktop personal 
computer, to be available later 
this summer, bridges the cen- 
turies-old communication gap 
between European and Asian 
languages, providing facilities 
for both in one computer. 

Looking no different from 
other personal computers, 
Hewlett-Packard's Asian 
Vectra Workstation allows us- 
ers to switch instantly between 
English and the complex ideo- 
grams of Japanese, simplified 
or traditional Chinese, or 

European languages, with 
standard alphabets and pho- 
netic bases, are feirty easy to 
transfer into binary-based 
computer talk. But computer- 
izing Asian languages that use 
thousands of ideograms to 
convey concepts has present- 
ed a problem — a keyboard 
with 20,000 keys would be 
inefficient to say the least. 

Hewlett-Packard's solution 
was to reduce Oriental charac- 
ters to basic combinations of 
brush strokes, called radicals, 
each occupying a button on a 
standard keyboard. The same 
buttons feature a Western 
alphabet when the computer is 
operated in English. 


A user can compose charac- 
ters by punching in the correct 
combination of radicals to 
electronically “draw" the de- 
sired ideogram. Characters 
may also be retrieved from the ; 
computer’s memory by 
punching in two basic radi- 
cals. The computer instantly 
offers a roster of characters 
based on those combinations. | 

Character delivery is nearly I 
instantaneous as the Vectra's i 
dual-language mode is stored 
on a random access memory 
circuit board in the computer. J 
The computer comes with a j 
choice of cards offering tradi- 
tional Chinese with 16.000 
characters, simplified Chinese 
with 8,000. Korean with 
13,000 or Japanese with 7,000. 

Users can add characters to 
the basic vocabularies. The 
processor, which uses a stan- 
dard operating system, has | 
software packages available in j 
eacb of the four Asian lan- 
guages for word processing, 1 
graphics, database-file man- 
agement, spreadsheet and data 

The hunt is on for computer profes- 
sionals who can think “strategically 
and systematically". Information sys- 
tems design is rapidly becoming one 
of the key areas for the progress of 
information technology and major 
users and consultants are increasingly 
looking for experts who can make 
office automation work. 

Part of the growing need for 
systems designers stems from mis- 
trust felt towards the industries 
salesmen. Too many cases of compa- 
nies being sold the wrong equipment 
by sales staff whose enthusiasm 
exceeds the capacity of their products 
has soured customers' attitudes. 

As a result, systems designers are 
looked to as being forces of honest 
and professional advice. 

“We’re very much involved in the 
strategy end of information technol- 
ogy consultancy and we need systems 
specialists who can analyse clients* 
requirements in a thorough way." 
said Christopher Ley-Wilson of .tire 
Doctus Management Consultancy 
which has been recruiting recently. 

What Doctus and other consultants 
want from systems designers is the 
ability to investigate all aspects of a 

W— M > 

By Edward Fennell 

clients’ work and recommend sys- 
tems software which can handle 
problems at all levels. 

Currently there is a reasonable 
number of people who are good 
technically as, for example, analyst- 
programmers. but there are for fewer 
who can stand back and take a wider 
view of the issues. Indeed, moving 
from small-scale technical expertise 
to the large canvas of overall systems 
planning has defeated many of those 
who have tried ft. 

“Systems designers and consul- 
tants are hard people to find," said 
PA Computers and Telecoms. 

It is the skill of being able to 
understand the total environment in 
which a company operates and to see 
where the information technology 
can be successfully integrated which 
marks out the systems designer. It 
requires far reaching interests and an 
inquiring analytical mind which 
reaches beyond the immediate struc- 

ture of a data processing department 
and into deeper questions ofhow high 
technology can contribute to the 
overall effectiveness of the organiza- 
tion — sometimes in ways which had 
not been previously considered. 

So who is best suited to this kind of 
work? Mr Ley-Wilson ayanatunty 
and experience is what he looks for 
most at the senior level of systems 
design wo*. “I do not subscribe 1 » 
the view that you are finished at 4U, 
he said. "In fect for systems design I 
think it is essential to have that depth 
of knowledge and width of expen- 
ence. Vou are just beginning at 40. 

Project directors would no rmally 
have had several years of systems 
consultancy behind them, but it 
would need to be of the right kind. 
“You can’t afford to have any loyalty 
to a particular type of system or 
software or come up with stock 
answers. You must put yourself in the 
clients' place and see what will really 
suit them best" says Mr Ley-Wilson. 

At PA Computers and Telecoms 
they tend to steer clear of systems 
analysts who have spent most of their 
previous career with users. “Having 

worked with a user for several years 
they often find it difficult to adjust to 
the flexible rofe that we require." 
Instead. PA prefers those who have 
worked in a software house or 
another consultancy. But whatever 
background, flexibility in outlook and 
.width of interest and business aware-, 
ness are the essential ingredients. 

Although PA has found it difficult 
to discover the right people, and say 
that if someone of foe right calibre 
approached them they would take 
them on whether or not they had a va- 
cancy, they are encouraged by the feet 
that all of the younger computer 
scientists are starting to take a 
broader application-orientated, view. 

“The message is slowly getting 
through to higher education about foe 
need of wider awareness and we are 

A solution 
to missing 

By Geof Wheelwright 

There ls a rude areak'runmng 
through many business com- 
puter, system Unless jou go 
to a great deal of effort 
establish link-ups : between’ 
them, many microcomputers, * 
mini-computers and mam- ■ 
frame computers mil not '1 
easily talk or exchange infor- 
mation with one another. 

Nowhere is this, problem 
more , crucial than in' the 
computer databases — where* 
company may have seme'-, 
records on a personal comput- 
er, a few inore on a. minicom- 

neeu m wioer awareness a nu w are - d , ^ on a ■ 

pleased by the changes we see, sard mainframe. , . 

Developments of new courses such 
as the recent degree in information 
systems design at Kingston Polytech- 
nic are indeed helping foe industry's 
latest efforts to think strategically — 
and that has to bode well for the 

IBM scores an own goal 

IBM may soon find significant 
competition to its popular PC 
coming from an unexpected 
quarter — one of its own 
divisions, writes Geof Wheel- 
wright. Although Big Blue is 
not likely to be too upset by 
the turn of events it seems that 
the IBM RT (Reduced in- 
struction set Technology) ma- 
chine. designed primarily as a 
scientific computer, is becom- 



ing an increasingly popular 
choice among developers of 
business computer software. 

Last week the UK’s own 
Micro Focus threw hs weight 
behind business applications 
for the RT with foe announce- 
ment of the first version of the 
COBOL business program- 
ming. The move seems sure to 
inflame the rivalry which now 
seems to be developing be- 



Exceflnr Salary + Benefits tommetBwiitewfli 

Spider Systems is esfabfitiwd as one of me leadmg 
companies in the computer network market We ore 
footeig for a tap Sales Professnnal Id help us develop 
foe mmkeT for aur own software protfods and services 

Appfcants musl hove a suaessful sales record and 
some raperiena of computer systems. Locution 
flecdUei Sand foO delmls to McSnly. 

Spider Systems Limited. 65 Bonrington Road, 
bkWBKSia let 03I-S54 9197. 



EniChem is a major European multinational chemical concern with manu- 
facturing assets in the UK/Germany and Italy. 

A challenge has arisen for an outstanding candidate to take responsibility for 
our IBM 36 data centre, including daily operations and support and pro- 
gramme development under the direction of our corporate office. 

The selected candidate will have a minimum of 3 years experience of IBM 
34/36 RPGH and will also have excellent written and oral communication 
skills for the formation of documentation and user training courses. Experi- 
ence in computer operations in a commercial environment and a knowledge 
of accounting concepts are essential. You will also require the freedom to 
travel as and when required within Europe. 

Salary win be commensurate with your level of experience and trill indude a 
private pension scheme and medical insurances 

Please telephone for application form: 

01-577 1100 

Susan Aarvold 

EniChem (UK) Ltd 

tween the two IBM machines. 
And it could well be the new 
RT which wins - at least as far 
as the attentions of IBM are 

The RT is a high-powered 
and quite expensive “multi- 
user" computer, designed to 
allow a number of people to 
work with it at once and 
claims considerable speed ad- 
vantages over IBM’s existing 
PC technology. 

The speculation that IBM 
may push the RT more heavi- 
ly in the business market was 
fuelled by recent statements 
from IBM chairman John 
Ackers to the effect that the 
PC market was becoming a 
commodity business solely 
concerned with “box-shifting" 
and that traditionally IBM has 
not been in the box-shifting 
business. “If a proportion of 
the computer industry be- 
comes commodity-like, you'll 
probably see IBM depart from- 
that industry," be said in the 
US last month. 

Whether or not IBM does 
promote foe RT design over 
foe PC will depend primarily 
on the software market While 
there are literally thousands of 
business applications avail- 
able to run on PC and AT 
models, software houses are 
only now gearing up to pro- 
duce applications for foe RT. 

The overall strategy does 
seem to be for IBM to move 
further up-market with its 
(desktop computer products. 

A Prog ressive Career 

I project I Central London Software House 












We axe a young, friendly, bright and progressive small 
U.S. owned, software house located in Central London 
with prestigious clients in the finance, commercial and 
fplpmimminiratinna industries throughout Europe. 

Being market leaders in fault tolerant systems, much 
of our work is on Tandem Computers. 

To help us achieve our targets for this year, we need to 
expand by recruiting several young, dynamic and ver- 
satile staff with a minimum of 2 years COBOL, and 
ideally experience of Tandem and a structured 

We offer above average remuneration package which 
may indude relocation and a car. 

To discuss the next positive steps in your career please 
call 01-434 3553 during office hours. Alternatively dur- 
ing evenings and weekends calk 

Liz Orser - 01-624-3537 
Jack Birxell - 01-676-9490 


UP to £25,000 + Benefits if you do. 
Hoskyns Financial Services Division has a man- 
agement team with specific ideas about growth 
markets in the CITY. They are now looking for 
additional consultants with experience in bonk- 
ing, lemfing, securities trading and insurance 
braking to join their" Hue chip" team of. highly 
motivated professionals . 

To jon you have to be an outstanding Hxfividuaj 
with a demonstrable ability to solve dtent prob- 
lems in a rapidly changing market The selection 
procedures are rigorous and are designed to 
identify the Business Managers of the future in 
one of the UK’s largest and most prestigious 
computer services organisations. 

For Oseusskm of opportunities at Hoskyns caB 
Mr V Lawrence on 01 409 0358 or write to: Guy 
Rer&rtayne & Partners, 18 Grosvenor Street Lon- 

mx hoskyns j 


GRP is the Gaatraf ftaamaaat Dhhtaa at BAL' 

Senior Consultants -information systems 

Make Your Presence Felt 

This international organisation is one of the largest independent suppliers of systems. Dedicated to providing innovative and 
quality solutions to meet diverse chart requirements, its services include Consultancy; Systems Development, Project Management 
Support, Computer Security Reviews, Facilities Management; Network Services and Software Products. There is a dear 
cflmmifm eat to technical ex celle n c e and to remaining at the fo refront of near terflmignog a-nri Whnnlngy 

As a result of continued success and growing d em a n d, the com pany is seeking to recruit professionals with at least 8 years' 
progressive experience in tech n ical and management roles A determined achiever; yon have excellent inter-personal and 
communication skills pins that special talent, “presen ce". Sp ecific knowledge and interest in one of the areas outlined below will 
enable you. to contribute significantly to a major current project in Government, Raninwg oar Finance Sectors 

Project controller 

Take responsibility for the planning, co-ordination and 
monitoring aspects, to ensure the timely completion of a 
highly so phis tica te d project, which is critical to coping 
wltb Ganges feeing the City. 

Aged 28-35, yon are well versed in planning techniques, 
frmiHar with at least one automated project control tool 
and able to i nt egr a te a multi-discipline team. 

Quality Assurance Manager 

Earing a background in large-scale s y st ems 
development, you will understand the importance of 
ji Hw od an to detail on a complex mnlti-mfllicn £ project 
Yon will ensure methodologies are correctly applied, 
documentation is thorough, and change control and 
toping is rigorous. 

Aged 30-5% «gh in i nitiati ve and self-discqtixne, you 
enjoy coping with pres s ure and are keen to set and 
mahrtahi high standards. 

Security specialist 

Your expertise will be vital an this stale of the art project 
Key t asks will iwcinHo a review of existing security 
co ntrol s, "YffinmnmdTTtirmti for solution to security 
problems, and the specification of security requirements 
and long term strategy, 

Yon have experience of working in sensitive areas, and 
tile credibility and confidence to deal with clients at the 
most senior level. 

Career development opportunities and future prospects in 
tins consultancy environment are unrivalled. The posts offer 
an attractive salary up to £27,000 plus car and a generous 
benefits package. To apply; please write with career and 
salary details, in complete confidence, to Jane Comben 
of Cripps, Sears and Associates limited. Personnel 
Management Consultants, International Buildings, 71 
Engsway London WC2B 6ST. Teh 01-404 S7QL 

Cripps, Sears 


They may well all. relate to 
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Suppose, for example, com- 
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combining information from .. 
both sets of records could be: 
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Using distributed databases ; 
the request for the report '■ 
could be “buffered” — " the ; 
software would automatically 
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information was on. Users da > 
not need to know where the 
information is and foe sys - 
tems usually have Secunty - 
devices to Omit access. - 

Electronic help for the blind 

A comprehensive system of 
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based at the institute of Bioat-. 

at Brand Ualverai- 

Known as the I ntegrate d 
Computing Envi ronment for 
foe Blind flCEB), foe system 
enables several established 
aids for the blind to be finked 
together by means of the 

Sperry PC/HT, using special 

Input can be by voice using" 
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by standard computer key- 
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Managing Director ' 

Transom Limited 

frBfngfiam nice " " r ' " 
London W1M 3FH 


Capital Markets Research for a Major European Bank 


Our dient has apre-eminenr 
reputation as one of foe' leading European 
Banks trading in die international 
capital markets. 

They have made a significant . .. . 

investment in both people and systems to 
reflect the rapid growth of their business, 
and this has created an important 
opportunity in their highly respected 
Research group. * 

The need is for a Programmer/ 
Analyst with experience of FORTRAN, 
ALGOL, or similar high-level language 
preferably with a knowledge of the 

Capital Markets, 

Investment Banking or a \ n f 
related environment and \ ijt3l 

an avid interest in personal \ T - 
and career development VL/O 

within foe Capital \ 

Markets environment. Af R\R 




London Based 

Qualified to degree level, and aged 
in your mid-twenties, you will combine a 
good imeQecr with an innovative approach 
to the development of new systems. 

■ - Theremunerarion package, will be in - 
foe region of £2 0,000 pa. plus a range of 
excellent benefits. Future prospects of 
career development are first dass within 
this successful and rapidly expanding 

For an initial, totally confidential 
discussion, please phone Kevin Long on ■ “ 
01-388 2400 during working hours or at ‘ 
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-y weekends. If you prefer 

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DTU. / Stafford Long & Partners 

/ Advertising Limited, 

W JeUicoe House, 

— L — 374, Euston Road, . 

NERS London NW13BL. 

Data Security Officer 

Morgan Grenfell is one of the UK’s leading merchant banks, employing some 
2000 staff in its London headquarters and subsidiary offices around the world. 
We operate in all the traditional merchant banking and investment portfolio 
management markets arid ip addition have recently moved into the new ' 
securities industry. 

Reporting to a bank director the Data Security Officer will define and 
monitor security standards and procedures for all the LT. based systems-m 
Morgan Grenfell. 

The successful applicant will be an LT. professional of above average 
attainment who has specialised in data security for at least 2 veanswich a 
major consultancy or systems house. W e would expect some familiarity, wjd* 
most of our diverse types of hardware backed by a gpod understanding of at 
least one sophisticated operating system. It is important that the successful '■’* 
candidate already be familiar with banking and irtQnev transfer procedures. ■" 

Remuneration will be highly competitive and will include benefits sudi as a 
preferential mortgage, non-contributory pension scheme and free BUPA. 

Applications including full curriculum vitae 

should be sent to> . . 

Helen Rigbv, Personnel Manager, f\. NB \T 

Morgan Grenfell & Co. Limited, ; lvl. vR^tj/juWI. 
23 Great Winchester Street, rmvivrrinT v 

London EC2P 2 AX f wK §4 |\| *4 |H I | 

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- -July.15, 1986 


From pen-pushing to in-putting 

.The final report on a 
series of trials by 
suppliers and users of 
office automation systems 

was published by the 
Department of Trade and 
Indust ry yesterday 

I f. is Jess than 100 years 
since the typewriter was 
invented, starting the 
first revolution in office 
work by reducing the 
arrnies of pen-pushing clerks 
who recorded everything in 
long hand. 

Each stage in the evolution, 
from the su-up-and-beg” me- 
chanical machines, through 
the electric models, the revo- 
lutionary IBM goifball and the 
electronic typewriter to the 
word processor, was an inev- 
itable step closer to office 

. Of course, the moderniza- 
tion of handling paper in 
businesses was swept along on 
a tide of paraphernalia. Ad- 
vances in technology pro- 
duced photocopiers, facsimile, 
telephone answering ma- 
chines, dictating equipment, 
mini and microcomputers and 
all the apparatus of the mail 

The element that was miss- 
ing— and to some extent still 
is — was the expertise to find 
the most effective way of 
marrying this variety of tech- 
nology into co-ordinated of- 
fice automation (OA) and 
finding the way to make it 
productive and easy for non- 
technicians to use. 

But, over a period of four 
years, 21 groups of people 
have been taking part in a 
controlled experiment to build 
up a base of experience of the 
new methods of working. 
They have been (mostly) will- 
ing guinea pigs for the cause of 

-Launching Profiting, from 
Office Automation: The Wav 
Forward, Geoffrey Parije. die 
information technology min- 
ister. said: “The pilot experi- 
ences have been analysed in 
this report to draw out the 
important-lessons and conclu- 
sions which anyone wishing to 
invest in OA cannot affonl to 

It .is written by a team, led 
by Dr Roger Pye. of manage- 
ment consultants K.MG 
Thomson Mclintock. With 
colleagues Laura Heath and 


Jim Bates; he has-been in- 
volved in a continuous fact- 
finding evaluation exercise 
during the trials. 

Their report covers both 
organizational and technologi- 
cal issues. The early chapters 
are aimed at four main audi- 
ences: senior managers, man- 
agers of the operational 
systems, the users and the 
suppliers. A second section 
details the applications of 

Eight projects 
were planned, 21 
were completed 

office automation, covering 
three main areas: processing 
and document production, 
case handling and manage- 
ment support 

Its emphasis is not so much 
on technology, but on how 
that technology should be 
applied to give business a 
competitive edge. 

The office automation pilot 
projects were announced in 

1981 by Kenneth Baker, then 
Minister for Information 
Technology. Eight pilots were 
planned, but the demand was 
such that the numbers grew to 
21 pilots in 20 sites. The first 
of the iwo-ycar trials sianed in 
1982. the last began in 1984. 

During the trials, OA sup- 
pliers were paired with organi- 
zations that had little previous 
experience of automation. 
Different kinds of office sys- 
tems were installed in 20 sites, 
in nationalized industries and 
central and local government. 
Each of the groups was con- 
stantly reviewed by consul- 
tants who built up a dossier of 
the impact that office automa- 
tion was having on working 

The Department of Trade 
and Industry wanted to give 
manufacturers a chance to test 
their products in real working 
conditions and build up a 
body of experience for the 
organizations taking pan. The 
third promise was to make 
sure that the results — good 
and bad — were made avail- 

able so that anybody about to 
embark on office automation 
could cul some comers and 
learn from ihc mistakes and 
successes of the pilot trials. 

A ceiling of £250.000 was 
set for each site. At the end of 
a two-year period, each partic- 
ipating organization could, if 
it were satisfied, buy the 
equipment at a secondhand 
price from the department. 

The project was not a race 

A matter of life 
and death in 
the TV studio 

or a competition. There were 
no formal distinctions be-, 
tween success and failure — 
everything that happened 
went into the melting poi of 
experience. Some sites did 
better than others, some 
equipment stood the test more 
easily than others. 

It may not have advanced 
the fortunes of emerging Brit- 
ish companies as much as 

might have been expected, but 
suppliers became more aware 
of what the consumer warned 
and gained experience and 

Some suppliers developed 
prototype equipment into 
marketable products and 
some changed product lines 
and, in a couple of cases, 
complete direction because of 
the trials. 

Each site had problems in 
varying degrees. There was 
some outside criticism that 
the pilots were “only trials'* 
and because they did not bite 
into the capital of the partici- 
pating sites, it did not matter 
whether or not they worked. 
In fact, several sites contribut- 
ed their own money to expand 
the initial pilot equipment. 

One site was not a “trial” in 
any sense. BBCs Breakfast 
Television programme was 
paired with Hewlett-Packard 
and they had to work to a tight 
deadline to make sure that the 
electronic newsroom worked. 

It was. as project manager 
Tam Fry, of Breakfast Televi- 

sion. said, “a matter of life and 


He added: “Ifii didn't work, 
the BBC would not work and I 
would be out of work**. 

The rest is history. It was 
close, they were on air on 
schedule, beating the opposi- 
tion channel to start the 
country's breakfast viewing. 

Three of the trials were 
brought to a premature halt. 
The first was, embarrassingly. 

Information about 
the sites was 
trickling out 

the IT division of the DTI 
rrself. They changed course 
and soldiered on into OA. 

At two other sites they went 
back to the drawing board 
after pilots were dropped and 
worked out different strate- 
gies. putting lessons they had 
learned the hard way into 
practice, and then started 

But problems or not every 
site is going ahead with plans 


Central government 
Cabinet Office 
Department of Industry 
Department of Transport 
Export Credits Guarantee Department 



Rediffusion (now ROCC) 

National Economic Development Office Systime 
Science & Eng. Research Council Data Recall/ITL 

Nafionalized Industries 

BBC Breakfast TV 
BBC Personnel 
British Gas 

British Rail Engineering 
British Telecom 
Central Electricity Generating Board 
British Coal 
Wales Gas 

Local authorities and focal service 

Baca] information Sys 


Information Technology 
Digital Equipment Co 
Burroughs Machines 

3UE fe 



Allied Business Systems 

Rank Xerox 

Future Tech. Systems ■ 

Strathclyde Regional Council Honeywell 

Two of the companies merged during the trials: Data Recall Ltd and 
Office Technology Ltd. which now trade under the name of the latter's 
holding company. Information Technology Ltd. 

Leicester Police 
Notts County Council 
ie Re 

Going automatic; Tam Fry, project manager at BBC 
l's Breakfast Time TV news room in lime Grove, 
London. A BBC team, paired with one from Hewlett- 
Packard, worked to a right deadline to ensure that the 
electronic news room was on air and on schedule, 
ahead of the opposition channel 

for future office automation, 
even if it is in a different form 
from what some of them 
thought it should be at the 
beginning. Most of them have 
bought the equipment 

Bob Graham, former head 
of the DTPs office automation 
section of the IT division.said 
recently: “When we started, 
we recognized that the tech- 
nology would open up new 
doors and opportunities but 
we did not know how people 
would respond to it. A great 
deal has been learned and. 
overall, I think the systems 
that are now being used are 
much better understood.” 

Information about the sites 
trickled out throughout the 
entire project, through a two- 
monthly publication. Bulletin . 
through fact sheets about the 
individual sites, through con- 
ferences where user and sup- 
plin' publicly compared notes 
about their progress — or lack 
of it. 

There were also two tours of 
a Britain Has IT campaign 
throughout the country to 

encourage chief executives 
and technical experts from 
private and public sectors to 
attend separate seminars. 

Dr Gordon Ross, of man- 
agement consultants PA. the 
company that managed the 
campaign for the DTI, says 
that the campaign had a 
signifeant spin-off. Chief exec- 
utives had been confused by 
what they were being told 
from below and that there was 
a general lack of communica- 
tion. The campaign, he said, 
began to build bridges and set 
up a common ground of 
understanding. . . _ _ 

Rita Marshall 

• Profiting from Office Auto- 
mation, the final report of the 
Department of Trade '.and 
Industry's Automation Pilot 
Projects is written by Dr Roger 
Pye, Laura Heath and Jim 
Bates of A 'MG Thomson 
McLintock. and published by 
the DTI. It is available from IT 
Division. DTI. 29 Bressenden 
Place. London SH'IE SDT 
(01-213 4440). price £10. - 


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Wanted: Leaders for a techno-future 

Dr Roger Pye was closely 
involved throughout the De- 
partment of Trade and 
Industry's office automation 
pilot projects, with an overall 
responsibility for the evalua- 
tion. Dr Pye, a director of 
management consultants 
KMG Thomson McLintock. 
has is one of the compilers of 
Profiting from Office Automa- 
tion: The II 'ay Ahead, which 
was published yesterday. 

They have collected all the 
minute detail of the 
programme's progress and 
have also used this informa- 
tion to provide a series of 
important lessons for the 

Dr Pye was asked to crystal- 
ize some of the most impor- 
tant issues: 

• What about the attitudes of 
top management? 

“The first lesson we have 
drawn is the need for top 
management to be directly 
involved with office automa- 
tion (OA). There is a natural 
tendency to think of it as a 
technical matter — and techni- 
cal matters are handled by- 
middle managers. 

“But middle managers deal 
with specific questions. What 
technology? Which supplier? 
How should office automation 
be implemented? They don't 
deal with the questions of the 
business strategy of a compa- 
ny and how office automation 
can give it a competitive edge. 
These answers depend on a 
number of issues that are 
largely handled by top 

“There’s nothing special 
about the management of 
office automation. The only 
difference is the jargon. Of 
course, there's always a ten- 
dency for some people to- 
confnse — to sell by not 
explaining things. General 
management experience, tra- 
ditions and procedures that 
have been established for all 
sorts of other aspects of office 
planning are both relevant and 
necessary in planning office 

“Senior executives need to 
look at automation in a non- 
technical manner. So we de- 

ing in the short term, like 
enabling people to work better 
as individuals, making the 
team more effective and cohe- 
sive. giving managers better 
information about their de- 
partments. but those are only 
steps towards doing things 
better or cheaper. They aren't 
goals in their own right. 

“The value of benefit var- 
ies from one organization to 
another and the costs are still 
quite high. We found costs of 
£5.000 to £10,000 per work 
station a year during the pilot 
trials. The costs are lower now 

when technology specialists or 
suppliers come along. They 
may say: ‘Here is a wide range 
of facilities, the system will 
cost, say £3 million and it will 
be justified if the overall 
productivity of staff improves 
by 5. 7 or 10 percent'. 

“But. since no one has 
investigated in detail what 
office productivity meant, it 
was a meaningless statement. 

“In the report we’ve split up 
the benefits from office tech- 
nology - redudng the costs of 
the office operation or im- 
proving the output of that 
office unit. 

Instead of having more people doing parallel jobs, 
we could have a smaller number able to do the work 

scribe OA as the ‘use of 
electronic technology to serve 
business goals by raising the 
productivity of office staff, 
particularly those who are not 
specialists in information 

“This underlines the poten- 
tial of OA, emphasizing that 
-the equipment has to be easy 
to use. But. above all. it 
stresses that the investment 
has to be justified in terms of 
productivity improvements in 
the office.” 

You have a lot to say about 

“What we looked at was 
reducing the input cost and 
improving the quality of the 
outputs. There are other as- 
pects which are worth pursu- 

but they are still significant 
This also emphasizes the need 
for top managers to be in- 
volved, because only they can 
judge whether OA can be 
installed, selectively, in a use- 
ful manner. 

“OA can bring significant 
potential contributions to pro- 
ductivity, but investment is 
only worthwhile at this time 
when it serves priority 

What about the capital 

“Cost justification is absolute- 
ly crucial for top management 
Traditionally, financial ap- 
proval for IT was given after 
asking how the investment 
could be justified. . 

"But the problems start 

What about the people who 
have to manage and operate 
the new technologies? 

“OA needs leadership in order 
to really get off the ground in a 
big way. That leadership can't 
come from a committee or 
technicians, it has to come 
from people who understand 
the business of the organiza- 
tion, the applications of the 
office: why an office unit 
exists; its mission or mandate. 

“We see the creation of a 
full-time development team 
with a charismatic leader as 
being one of the key elements 
of success. ’ 

Did the pilots help ordinary 
people to be less afraid of 
issues such as job cuts? 

“The pilot trials didn't give 

any grounds for fear because it 
must be admitted that they 
were done in such a way as to 
minimize adverse staff 

“In general, secretaries and 
typists are a fairly young and 
mobile, fairly transient part of 
the work force, so it is 
relatively easy to organize 
change in a painless manner. 
The challenge to personnel 
and line managers will come 
when things like case handling 
systems are used by clerical 
workers. They are not as 
young, as mobile, as transient 
as typing and secretarial staff 

“The good news is that the 
pilots showed that if staff are 
given early notice of the sorts 
of systems that are going to be 
installed, if they are encour- 
aged to participate in the 
design of the application and 
development of new work 
procedures, and encouraged to 
see new opportunities for 
themselves, people at all sorts 
of levels and backgrounds do 
find new opportunities. 

“I think it is becoming 
widely recognized — though 
perhaps not widely recognized 

“There are two reasons: it 
creates a negative atmosphere 
and attitudes and it becomes 
an impediment to change. . 

“And secondly, you can 
only cut jobs at the more 
junior levels of the organiza- 
tion where it mates a relative, 
ly small contribution to costs. 

“For automation to have an 
impact on the middle and 
senior ranks of an organiza- 
tion you need to focus much 
more on doing things better, 
or doing things that couldn't 
be done at all before, rather 
than just doing t hi n gs more 

enough — that the number of 
companies that base all of 
their justification for office 
automation on cost cutting is 
pretty small these days. It has 
a role to play, and it can be 
something which creates the 
flexibility to finance doing 
things tetter, but I see very 
few organizations pursuing 
office automation just to cut 
jobs and reduce the number of 


“And, instead of having 
more and more people doing 
parallel jobs, we could have a 
smaller number of people with 
a wider understanding of the 
organization, able to do that 
because the technology gives 
each one of them more power 
and more capability. 

Dr Roger Pye, leader of the 
team involved m a contznu 
oos fact-finding 
valuation exercise 
daring the trials rtf 
the DTTs office 
automation pilot 
projects. The Inten- 
tion of the trials has 
not been to “sell” 
office automation, 
rather to dear away 
die mists of jargon 
and confusion 
which tend to sur- 
round the subject 

The knowhow you 
must have 
before you buy 

A look at the number and 
variety of suppliers that took 
part in the pilots — each with 
different ideas, products and 
pedigrees, gives some idea of 
the derisions and choices that 
have to be made when an 
office embarks on 

it does not come in neat off- 
the-shelf packages. Each com- 
pany or organization has to 
make an individual selection 
— buying the right system to 
solve specific and individual 

There were 13 British com- 
panies. some leading telecom- 
munications or computer 
equipment manufacturers 
that were diversifying into 
office systems, others were 
smaller companies formed to 
sell office automation, word 
processing and microcomput- 
ers. There were six major US 
computer companies operat- 
ing in the UK, one was a 
European multinational and 

They should be 
selling solutions 
to problems 

another was a UK-based 
transatlantic co-venture. 

Every company, big and 
small, had 3 rare chance to see 
how their products performed 
■ when they were used by 
largely non-specialist people. 
Some changed their products, 
some changed their whole 
approach to office automa- 
tion. based on the experience. 

The authors of Profiling 
from Office Automation: The 
Wav Ahead consider that one 
of the most important lessons 
to come out of the trials was 
the need to tailor the software 
that was available. “It's no use 
just providing electronic repli- 
cations of traditional ways of 
office work. Individuals have 
got to be able to do the tasks 
quicker and with more added 
value by doing it electronical- 
ly. and that isn't always imme- 
diately obvious from the kinds 
-of software packages that are 

“The vendors need to ad- 
dress this issue and they need 
to recognize that they should 
be selling applications not 

“They should be selling 
business solutions to business 
problems. If they adopt an 
applications approach the fi- 
nancial justifications will be- 
come easier, and the market 
will begin to lake off.” 

There is a feeling that the 
market has not taken off as 
quickly as most suppliers 
would have liked or expected. 
But many things have changed 

since the beginning of the 
experiment in 1982. For ex- 
ample, the recognition that the 
emphasis should be on busi- 
ness applications and not on 
all the clever things the equip- 
ment could do. came only as 
the pilots progressed. 

There has been concern, 
loo. that executive work sta- 
tions have not exactly sold like 
hot cakes. 

The writers of the final 
report have identified the 
reason: “The key to top man- 
agement use of office automa- 
tion isn't executive work 
stations but executive infor- 
mation systems. The goal is 
not to get managers to put 
iheir hands on the keyboard 
but to get them to use the 

Whether that is through 
their secretary, or through a 
business or a corporate plan- 
ner, the important thing is that 
top management benefits 
from the use of the informa- 
tion contained in the system. 
We see a need for more 
advanced software facilities to 
achieve that 

Top managers do not usual- 
ly deal with raw information 
and detail but with analyzed, 
summarized information. So 
there is a need to incorporate 
such software as report gener- 
ators. so-called fourth genera- 
tion languages, database 
management systems, much 
more thoroughly with the 
software packages that axe 
called office automation. 

The case-handling 
systems are 
too immature 

Of the three main applica- 
tions the verdict is that text 
production (word processing 
and electronic document dis- 
tribution. document filing and 
retrieval) is becoming mature: 
The filing and retrieval side 
needs more powerful technol- 
ogy to support it and the 
document distribution needs 
standards to facilitate more 
widespread interchange, but it 
seems that we really are 
getting there. 

The case handling systems 
and the management support 
systems are considered to be 
really much more immature 
in their development 

“We are at a pretty early 
stage and they need much 
more careful selection and 
planning and. of course, much 
more technical support be- 
cause the technology is more 
complex and needs to be more 
comprehensively inter-linked. 


_ Hugh RoutMga 

As part of British Coal’s office automation project, Colin Nathan keys in to die Wang system at company HQ in London 

Fitting the jobs to the workers 

When productivity was the catchword in 
the drive for greater efficiency in industry 
more than 30 years ago, the term 
ergonomics entered the vocabulary. It 
was defined as "fitting the job” to the 

The ideas behind ergonomics are 
probably even more relevant today as 
new electronic technologies are intro- 
duced into business and commerce. But 
as the office automation p3ot projects 
have shown, fitting the job to the worker 
is easier said than done. 

In an ideal world, managers would 
introduce modern office automation net- 
works into new purpose-built or refur- 
bished premises. But real life doesn’t 
usually afford such luxury and 

Few of the 21 pilot projects had either 
the resources or the opportunity to make 
structural changes to their existing work 
places. But there were many other factors 
at play. One of the projects, at the 
Cabinet Office, was In a listed building so 
the scope for re-design was clearly 
restricted, whatever resources might 
have been available. 

Probably one of the most useful 
aspects of the trials were the records of 
the painstaking effort of the people 
taking part to adapt the rooms, furniture 
and li ghting . 

A fighting arrangement to snit one 
person can soon turn out to be another's 
distracting reflection. Like most offices, 
the sights of pilot projects were places 
with well established practices at work. 
Rearrangements varied from completely 
refurnishing existing offices to placing 
the new work stations on existing desks 
and tables. 

Clearly, the ergonomics of office 
automation combine thorough training in 
the new way of working and careful 
design of the work place. 

But the pilots showed it was not always 
a matter of concentrating on the educa- 
tion and training of only the middle- 
managers, professional employees, 
secretaries and clerical staff who were to 
use new technology for the first time. 

One of the pilots at London's central 
Scientific Services unit then part of the 
GLC, provided an office a uto ma ti on 
network for people who woe experienced 
in using computers. 

They were accustomed to the techni- 
calities of programming. Bat, according 
to Dr Sam Radcliffe, the project's 
manager: “We discovered we did not 
know very modi about information flow, 
which we took for granted, within the unit 
and between clients.” 

So staff needed training in the use of 
the system for word processing to 
produce documents and in how to use the 
network facilities — electronic filing, 
electronic mail, etc. 

Some people were uneasy about being 
turned into typists, about the ergonomic 
aspects of eye strain and working over a 
keyboard, and others thought it would 
solve all their problems. 

Perspectives change after 
hands-on experience 

By the time the first part of the 
training, word proc essing , began the 
majority of the staff did not know their 
tabs from their CSs (carriage returns). 

But perspectives changed rapidly after 
a few hours of hands-on experience, when 
it was found how easy it was to correct 
and compose text on screen. 

Dr Raddiffe had some particularly 
generous comments for the efforts in 
training and maintenance that Rank 
Xerox made to get the staff and system 
working smoothly. 

He said tbeir experience showed that a 
characteristic of today’s electronic office 
system was that costs come early and 
could be substantial, but benefits tended 
to be distributed and some might take a 
long time to be realized. 

A somewhat similar situation existed 
at tbe Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, 
of the Science and Engineering Research 
Council which is a national centre tor 
teams working on space science, high 
energy physics, laser technology, elec- 

tronics and radio engineering and other 
frontiers of science. 

Those teams use computers and com- 
puter networks as a matter of routine as 
part of their experiments. 

But while tbe scientists were compara- 
tively well off for equipment, the adminis- 
trators were lagging behind so 
commercial companies. 

So two pilot projects were conceived — 
one installed at the Rutherford Appleton 
Laboratory and the other at the CouncO’s 
central administration office in Swindon. 

The main emphasis of the work has 
been on the interco nn e cti on of large office 
automation systems. 

In an interim report after three years* 
experience, Dr Keith Jeffery said they 
had obtained a clearer picture of office 
automation. Tbe objective of an informa- 
tion system was to deliver and collect the 
relevant information in die optimum 
form, to and from the correct place, at the 
appropriate time. . . . 

But he emphasized it was important to 
understand the needs of each particular 
organization and the way it worked. 
Information must ' be available in a 
familiar form. A physicist had to produce 
scientific papers based on complex 
equations. An engineer needed to assem- 
ble drawings. A financial manager 
thoraht in structured tables. Keeping it 
simple, extracting tbe main themes, 
taking complex information and con- 
densing it, that was the skill he said. 

Dr Jeffery believed it was critical to 
understand people. It was important that 
people talked about the developments, 
were involved in the progress and had a 
chance to discuss tbeir particular 

As part of that process, Dr Jeffery's 
team had devised what was known as the 
“gripe facility” so that messages could be 
left if a terminal did not work or if there 
was anything wrong. Those complaints 
were followed op individually with die 
person and with informal meetings, 
newsletters, talk-back sessions and 


Today’s stepping stones to tomorrow’s world 

One of the characteristics of 
office automation is that it sits 
between the kind of things 
that need to be totally planned 
(such as the central data- 
processing systems) and those 
things which can be left almost 
completely unplanned, such 
as the way people use personal 

Because of this, the authors 
of Profiting from Office Auto- 
mation recommend creating a 
strategy that reflects a balance 
of creativity and control. They 
have drawn up an outline 
strategy to help companies 
and organizations get things 
started in the right way. setting 
the priorities in a framework 

with a sense of direction. 

There are three key ele- 
ments: general guidelines 
about the level of investment 
and a company's general poli- 
cy on innovation and risk 
taking: identification of the 
management responsibilities 
at more junior levels which 
arc necessary to carry forward 
the strategy', and some con- 
ventional review mechanism 
to make sure that the strategy 
is on the right course, doesn't 
need revising, or that people 
don't need putting back on 

It is not a total plan. The 
strategy can't be just about 
technology, it can’t be bought 

off a shelf from a vendor, and 
it can't be copied from one of 
the firm's direct competitors. 
It needs to be much more 
individually tailored to indi- 
vidual business needs, but it 
must also be a flexible strate- 
gy. one that will change and 
adapt and leave scope for 
individual and departmental 

“What we’re trying to do.” 
say the authors, “is to help 
managers at different levels 
plot iheir own path. We can't 
give them a cookbook: it's not 
like making a cake. It's much 
more of an art than that. But 
we can give some guidelines so 
that organizations can do their 

own planning. There is of 
course a role for consultants to 
help them, but consultants 
have to work with them to 
develop the strategy, not cre- 
ate it for them. It's not about 
go- fester typewriters, it's more 
than that. Office automation 
is a significant organizational 
tool which needs the sort of 
guidance that mainstream ex- 
perience from general and top 
management can give. It 
needs the guidance and skills 
of top management to set it on 
the right path to enable the 
benefits to be realized. It seeds 
a strategy, put in place with 
the backing and support of top 

“What one should do now 
in office automation is to meet 
a short-term business need 
that is justifiable in conven- 
tional terms, but it must also 
be a stepping stone to the 
future. OA may not be a 
genera] utility yet but its 
return will be greatest when 
terminals are pervasive, when 
there are lots of computerized 
databases within the organiza- 
tion and a great deal of the 
history of the organization is 
truly available at keystroke. 

“That means the projects 
which are done now should be 
both worthwhile and useful 
and so be a good demonstra- 

tion of office automation, to 
get people using it as well as 
getting a return, but the 
projects should also be select- 
ed so that they are bridge 
building for the future. 

“The technology has poten- 
tial. but that potential has to 
be realized by direct manage- 
ment action, by making peo- 
ple understand how they can 
use it in the course of their 
work, that new practices, sim- 
ple things as answering mes- 
sages regularly, are instigated 
and become part of the genera! 
discipline of the office.” 


Why the back 

room was 
for 10 years 

One of the early problems that 
emerged in the office automa- 
tion pilot projects was an issue 
that affected customer choice. 
It was a difficulty that had 
plagued the computer indus- 

S f from its outset. The trou- 
e came when users wanted 
to use unusual combinations 
of machines to communicate 
or work with each other across 
local or wide area networks. 

In the first decade of the 
computer industry, manufac- 
turers paid lip service to the 
question of ensuring compati- 
bility between machines. 

. .In. practice," it was the 
incompatibility, between the 
different makes of computers 
that give birth to many small 
specialist firms. They turned 
tiie handicap to profit by 
developing or converting the 
ancillary equipment, such as 
magnetic tape files and print- 
ers (and now discs, plug-in 
memories and video termi- 
nals), to be usable across the 
spectrum of computers. 

Similarly, the fortunes of 
the computer software indus- 
try now are still dominated by 
curing tbe headache caused by 
incompatibility, when the 
time comes to transfer pro- 
grams from old to newer 
models or in the switch from 
computer supplier to another. 

Yet the question of com- 
patibility is scarcely a new 
phenomenon. It is not even a 
dilemma born of the electron- 
ic age. More than 50 years 
earlier the international tele- 
communications services 
tackled the technical issue of 
avoiding a dilemma of square 
pegs and round holes. 

The international telephone 
and telex network, which al- 
lows communication between 
any two subscribers in. any 
country on any equipment. 

Machine shall 
speak unto 
machine— if 
all goes well 

would otherwise have long 
since disintegrated. 

Elaborate technical stan- 
dards were agreed through 
committees of the Interna- 
tional Telecommunications 
Union (ITU) in Geneva, en- 
suring that the different net- 
works of the world 
interconnected. Thousands of 
technical standards were in- 
volved, but their effect was 
described in a deceptively 
simple way as providing an 
"open system” . of 
communication. _ 

Since the present develop- 
ment of information technol- 
ogy. which embraces 
computers, communications 
and office and factory auto-' 
mation has the same global - 
spread, the need is even 
greater for a scheme so that 
machine can “speak” to ma- 
chine on an "‘open” bass. 

The backroom specialists 
have been working for almost 
10 years on the question. The 
outcome is called Open Sys~' 
terns Interconnection (OS!) 
which offers a standard ap- 
proach to the design and 
operation of computer and 
communications systems. 

The details were thrashed 
out by experts ' working^ 
through the International 
Standards Organization. It has 
official national representa- 
tives from government bodies 
such as the: Department of 
Trade and Industry, from. .' 

There is a wealth of advice - 
from groups such . as the' 
European Computer Manu- 
facturers Association, the. 
Standards Promotion and Ap- 
plications Group, which is a 
consortium of 12 leading Eu- 
ropean computer firms, and 
the American Computer and. 
Communications Industry 

Formulation of OSI has 
enabled the government de- 
partments. which comprise 
the largest single potential 
market for office automation,^ 
to specify to - suppliers the 
degree of compatibility they 
expect between the equipment 
from different finds. Strong, 
support for the new standard - 
comes from the tnain techno 
cal advisory group loathe;' 
government departments; tbe . 
Treasury's Central Computer- 
and Telecommunications 
Agency. . . . ^ 

It put its weight behind OSI • 

Many of the 
standards are •„ 
in use for 
coding data 

when it recommended depart- 
ments two years ago to move, 
toward tbe open systems ap- 
proach. Manufacturers are, 
now asked' for details of their • 
intention to make equipment 
compatible with OSI. 

The technical specifications 
which comprise the new stan-_ 
dards have only recently been 
completed. But they define the 
way in which information 
technology products can inter- 
connect and work with each - 
other- when they conform to-.- 
the standard. 

As part of a project to make 
people more aware of tbe. . 
importance of- OSI. the De- 
partment of Trade and Indus- 
try has introduced a venture - 
to promote, better understand- - 
ing. it includes a- limited, 
number of Demonstrator 
, Projects where feasibility- 
stndies. capital costs of equip- 
ment and the development ” 
costs of certain products are 

. . The details of OSI have 
taken years to agree and they 
also cover such topics as text ’ 
structure and presentation of 
computer graphic. The OSL - : 
scheme is referred to as a 
seven layer sit of protocols, 
covering the various types of 
information handling 
involved. . 

Many of the standards at 
the “lower” level are already 
in use for coding data and for 
structuring the forniat of in- 
formation for storing on mag- 
netic files or printing. 

. There are strict criteria for 
the demonstrator projects. 
They, indude: 

• the proposed system must 
meet a genuine end-user ne ed . - 

• each proposal must contain 
at least one UK user and the 
products of ar least three UK 

• each project should be 
identifiable with a particular 
area of commerce or industry, 
such as office management or 
computer integrated 

. Pearce Wright 

Science Editor 

• Full details of the Guides 
and other OSI publications ate 
available from the IT Stan- 
dards l-nit. DTI. -*9 
Brexenden Place. Londok 

these days, no fashionable executive would be seen dead without a computer on 
his desk This makes our Information Technology (IX) experts rather sad -not 
because we’ve lost faith in computers, but because so many people buy them 
for the wrong reasons. KMG Thomson McLintock’s highly experienced team of 
consultants specialise in IX as a problem-solver. . .rather than as an end in itself. 

4 , 

It’s now posable to walk into a shop, hand over 

the money and emerge with an LT. system capable of 

transmitting data to, say, Fiji - in seconds. 

So who needs help from computer consultants? 

Possibly those companies who aren’t blessed with 

offices in Fiji... .... 

Too many companies are dazzled by the capabtli- 

, ties of IT. and finish up with systems totally at odds 

- with their real requirements. .... 

Worse still, once the computerisation bug has 
bitten, vast sums are all too often lavished piecemeal on 

insistent systems. . 

To prevent such calamities from happening to your 

anisation, above all you need impartial advice 

Is financial consultants as well as IT. special is , 

f G Thomson McLintock can take an unbiased view. 

* We take into account every aspect of our clients’ 

ocular business problems, then offer tailor made 

?And whether our solution is a single micro- 

computer or a complete information system, we’ll be 
with you all the way. 

Occasionally we’ve even been known to recom- 
mend that I.T. is not a cost-effective solution to a 
company’s individual business needs - a sure sign that 
we have no axe to grind. 

Our comprehensive service includes everything 
from choosing the right software and the right hard- 
ware for it to run on, through financing and installation, 

all the way to staff training. 

As a full service organisation, KMG Thomson 

McLintock can offer business a great deal. 

As well as expert advice on computing, auditing 
and taxation, we have a consultancy service which can 
help you resolve the most complex problems. 

We have specialists in areas as diverse as business 

planning, marketing and personnel. 

For further information, please get in touch with 

James Broomfield, Thomson McLintock 




We have 100 locations 
throughout the country 

My clients are at die forefront of providing 
advice and service to the new order of regulated 
business in the City of London. They axe 
establishing a team whose legal proficiency and 
f wmmiwnpjtf to this new order will match 'the 
demands of the regulatory regime. 

The balance of this new team will be important. 
Solicitors up to 3 years qualified who wish to 
accept the challenge of a rewarding venture 
should apply bt& the following have been 
identified as initial components:— 

Company Law Solicitor 

with a thorough knowledge of company 

law pnd precision in d r afti n g 

and negotiating corporate documents, w/ ' 7 

Conveyancing Solicitor 

with knowledge of business tenancies who can 

develop the Practice and take the opportunity to 
develop management slulls. - 

Commercial litigator 

versed in litigious procedure able to tackle . .. 
insolvency and employment matters. 

The salaries and benefhs of being part of a. 
progressive team will be extremely attractive. . 

Please apply, quoting JH/124, to: 
John Hamilton, . 

51/53 High Street, Guildford, 
Surrey, GUI 3DYL 

A \\ Tel: (0483) 574814. 

John Hamilton Associates 
.Legal Personnel Ad Management Consultants 

So where would you < 
like to work? 

The launch of the CPS is a major lurmng 
point in the history of the criminal justice 
Sjstem. designed lo effect grealer consistency, 
fairness and efficiency throughout England 
and Wales. From October 1986. the CPS will 
review all criminal charges brought by the police, 
decide whether court proceedings are warranted 
and. where appropriate, conduct the cases 
for the prosecution. 

For the lawyers working with us. the 
challenges and satisfactions lie in the sheer 
diversity of the role and variety of cases. 

A Prosecutor may work on any kind of criminal 
case Grom fraud to assault: whilst liaising doseiy 
with the police, the Crown Persecutor exerts an 
unparalleled and independent Influence as a 
professional lawyer. 

Could you fiilffl this role? Vife are looking for 
some very special qualities in the people we 
appoint as Prosecutors: you must have superb 
powers of analysis and judgment, and an 
eagerness to getto grips with thorny legal 
problems: you must be able to liaise and 
negotiate constructively with a range of other 
agencies. Including the police and the staff of 
the courts: you must be versatile enough to 
handle a broad and challenging caseload. 

Our training programme offers a compre- 
hensive grounding in advocacy and criminal 

^ css 
O n <> 

> o cai ° 

9 + 

0 o'* & 

O n 
a o a 

O * * a 

Q ^ C? 



« Q 0 

— -- ci- 

law: the scope and variety of experience In 
post will turn you into a veiy valuable 
r — professional property indeed. Whether you’re 
a bright barrister, fresh out of pupillage, an 
.Assistant Solicitor or a Justice’s Clerk's 
.Assistant, you should seriously consider the 
opportunities created by the launch of the CPS. 

Crown Prosecutors are required in LONDON 
and many provincial locations such as: 

. Vacancies also exist For candidates with at least 
* 3 years' relevant experience at Senior Crown 

Prosecutor level In LONDON. 

Starting salaries in the range £1 1.130 - 
‘ £15.900 (for Crown Prosecutors) or £14.315 - 
£1 9.465 (for Senior Crown Prosecutors) depend- 
ing on experience. London Weighting up lo an 
~ additional £1365 Is also paid where appropriate 
and there are opportunities for promotion to 
more senior positions. 

For further details and an application form 
(to be returned by 8 August 1986) write to Civil 
Service Commission. Alencon Link. Basingstoke. 
Hants RG21 1JB. or telephone Basingstoke 
(0256) 468551 (anwering service operates 
outside office hours). 

F Please quote ret G(6)942. 

The CL I Service is an equal opportunity 



are seeking, as a consequence 
of internal promotion, a new 

Director of Legal 
and Business Affairs 

Applications are invited from Solicitors or 
Barristers who have comprehensive experi- 
ence of contract negotiation with major 
popular music artistes. Their career experi- 
ence must have included a period of 
employment within a major record company. 

Thorough familiarity with the practice 
and economics of the music industry is essen- 
tial. in addition to outstanding legal ability, as 
the person appointed will be expected to 
make, a full contribution to the general busi- 
ness management of the Company. 

The salary will fully reflea the importance 
of the post, other conditions of employment 
are excellent, and there are good prospects of 
continuing career development within the in- ' 
temationaJ Polygram Group. 

Those interested should write, enclosing a 
detailed CV. or telephone Tony Preedy, 
Director of Personnel, Polygram Leisure Ltd, 
15 Sl George Street, London W1A 2 LB. 01- 
499 0422 




Solicitor; Legal Executive or Managing Clerk 
required to replace netiring.Prpbate Manager, . ? 
dealing with all aspects of probate and trust 

Applicants must have related taxation arid drafting 
experience (induding Wills). Experience of foreign 
estates would also be useful- A competitive salary 
will be paid according to age and experience. : - 

Applications supported by full CYshould te sent to 
John Hare PCIS, Partnership Secretary (Ref 3/GEB) 
Nabarro Nathanson, 76 Jermyn Street, 
London SW1Y6NR 

Tek?phen&01-93a8444 Tfelexj 8813 144 NABARDGFcOC OL930993Q^ 



and Taxation. 

Sinclair Roche & Temperley is a 26 partner practice with offices in the 
City, Hong Kong and Singapore specialising in shipping and 
commercial law 

We are now seeking two assistants for our developing Company/ 
Commercial and lax departments to service the firm's growing client 
base both inside and outside the shipping industry. 
Candidates with 2 to 4 years post-qualification experience and a first 
class professional background and academic record are invited to 
apply to join these expanding, hard working but sociable teams. 
Successful applicants will be asked to undertake a wide variety of 
matters and will be expected to work with little supervision. 
Remuneration and prospects will be high for the right candidates. 
Please write in the first instance to: 

Mr. J. Ritchie, 

Sinclair Roche & Temperley, 

Stone House, 128-140 Bishopsgate, 

London EC2M 4JP. - - 



m ^ corporation 



Marriott Corporation Is a U.S. - based, leading interna- 
tional hotel management company with operations in 
Europe, the Middle East and Africa. We are seeking a high 
calibre solicitor with 2-4 years of post-qualification experi- 
ence for our London Regional office. 

Reporting directly to the Law Department in Washington 
D.C., you will be responsible for legal matters involving 
the operations of existing hotels and the development of 
future hotels. Your duties will include advising, negotiating 
and drafting on: labour matters, conveyencing and real 
estate, financing, management relations, concessions, 
government and consumer affairs, and secretarial ser- 
vices for U.K. - based subsidiaries. 

You should be a generalist with a background in opera- 
tions, financing and property. Foreign language ability Is 
desirable. Some travel to Europe and U-S A is required. 

Salary arid benefits negotiable. Respond with resumes to: 

Marriott Hotels & Resorts, Quadrant House, 80-82 
Regent Street, London W1R 6AQ, Attn: Mark 
Dobson Esq 




Required in all 

01-248 1139 

& CO 

Seeks young ambi- 
tious solicitor with 
good conveyancing 

background apply 
with cv to 

T Cuff 

27 Petefborough Road 
Harrow HA52BZ. 



ScfioAK recwred « Sussex. 5 
years Dost auaWeann expnencs 
Partnership moswds. Salary 

:> London fires esss 

The London Fire and Gvil Defence Authority is 
now responsible for fire and emergency planning 
services in the Greater London area and its 
responsibilities include the London Fire Brigade. 


Legal Assistants 

£15,525-£1 7,385 

' Applicants must be solicitors or barristers 
with a minimum of 5 years recent practical 
experience in a legal office, or have comparable 
knowledge based on systematic legal study, or 
have very substantial practical experience. 


You win advise and represent the Authority on 
local government law. financial issues, statutory 
duties and contracts. Refc FBI 63 


You will provide legal advice to meet the 
needs of the LFCDA. including employment and 
industrial relations law and manage a team 
involved in Industrial tribunal cases and the 
provision of legal advice on staff conditions of 
service. Reft FB169 



£1 3,725-£15,525 

Applicants must be barristers or so&cttors 
with 3 years' recent practical experience in a 
legal office or have comparable legal knowledge. 


You win assist in the provision of legal advice 
on and the handling of prosecutions and 
enforcement work arising from fire prevention 
legislation. Reft FBI 70 

London Waste 
Regulation Authority 

You will advise on and conduct criminal 
prosecutions under the Control of Pollution Act 
1974 and other enforcing legislation. Reft FBI 71 

For further details about any oi these posts 
telephone David Atkinson on 01 -633 8462. 

Far an application form please telephone 
Keith Blake on 01-587 4860 or 4875 t both 
ansaphonel. Completed application form*. 
must be returned to. Recruitment Section 
London Fire Brigade HQ. Albert Embankment. 
London SEI TSDby 1st August 1986 Please 
quote the appropriate reference number. 

The London Fire and Civil Defence Authority 
is an equai opportunities employer. 



Fire Brigade 

We require an Assistant Solicitor with experience 
in current immigration law. 

The position, which is in our Employment Law 
Section, may also involve some general employ- 
ment law work. 

The successful applicant will have an immediate 
caseload of commercially orientated immigration 
work, with some involvement in nationality law. 

Someone newly qualified who is interested in 
practising in this area of law would be considered. 

If you are interested please write sending a com- 
plete CV, in confidence to: Michael Charteris-BIack, 
14 Dominion Street" London EC2M 2RJ. 




Tei Criteria Selection 
0273 671748 




Senior post in legal department of mqjor 
British construction company for young 
commercial solicitor. Work includes con- 
tract negotiation, international projects and 
joint ventures. Attractive salary offered plus 

74 Long Lane, London ECl Tel: 01-606 9371 




Our Clients, a very substantial and fast expanding commercial practice in 
HONG KONG with a broad base of high quality corporate and banking 
clients and some elements of PRC work, require a commercial and. a 
litigation Solicitor. 

The former to be experienced in banking and finance law, though more 
general experience is desirable. 

The latter will, with minimum supervision, handle heavy commercial and 
general cases. 

Both applicants should have at least 4 years qualified experience preferablv- 
with substantial city firms. 

Highly competitive salary and benefits (both negotiable) with early partner- 
ship prospects for applicants who intend to make a medium to long term 
career in the challenging financial centre of Horig Kong. 

Replies in confidence with C.V. to:- 


9 Kingsway WC2B 6YF 
(Ref: RJ/RW) 
before end July 1986 




Hong Kong 


Linklaters & Paines are looking for an able 
young solicitor to undertake general 
company/commercial work at their Hong 
Kong office. 

We are looking for someone with good 
academic qualifications and preferably 
about two years relevant practical 
experience to work as part of a small but 
highly professional team. We can offer 
interesting work, very attractive salary and 
conditions and excellent career prospects. 

Please write with full C.V. to: 

Garry Sales, 

Linklaters & Paines, 
Barrington House, 

59/67 Gresham Street, 

London EC2V 7JA. 




Salary £6,810 - £7,206 p-a» 
in c London Weighting 

Applications are invited from 
young, qualified barristers or 
solicitors for this post which 
provides an excellent opportunity 
for the successful applicant to 
embark on a career in the 
Magistrates’ Court Articles can be 
offered to a suitable applicant. 
National conditions of service 

Application forms and a career 
guide may be obtained from me at 
the address below. The closing date 
for appUcationswill be 21st July 

R. J. Haynes 
Clerk to the Justices 
The Magistrates Court, South 

Bromley, Kent, BR1 1RD 
Tel: 01-466 6621 



Badenoch & Clark 



Fw commercial litigators seeking an excellent opp ortunity 
in the Held, our cbent. a medium sized City him, currently 

requires Lawyers to undertake a range of quality work tn 

this thriving department Opportunities for career 
progression are excellent for both *86 qu al ifiers and 
recently admitted SaMdtara. 


This medium sized City based practice requires a young 
Lawyer to Join file expanding property department With a 
good academic background, applicants will have iy to 
eighteen months experience preferably in commerdaDy 
relaied transactions. The salary offered will be highly 

For details of these or other positions, please contact JwdHhB 


From £19,000 + Benefits 

Leadng UK Merchant Bank seeks outstanding Sobdtors 

keen to make a career move into one of the following areas: 

Corporate Finance: Capital Markets or Project Finance. An 
outstanding academic record plus aTop City firm training Is 
required, and post admission experience of company/ 

commercial related matters is an obvious advantage. 


To £30.000 

tearing US investment bank seeks quality experienced 
Solicitor to join its Transaction Management Group. 
Applicants will probably have a Top City firm training and 
up to four years experience in bond issues, swaps and 
syndicated loans. 

Legal and Financial Recruitment Specialists 
1 6-1 8 New Bridge St, London EC4V6AU Telephone: 01-583 0073 





Salary CC/PAD 13-17 
(£12.429 - £14,403) 

Pay award pending 

Barristers and solicitors are invited to 
apply for the above ppsiton wjw* 
arisen through the promotion ofthepre^ 
vious holder to deputy cteric- App^cants 
must be capable of 
court without supen/tsonjjave expeiv 
on r p 0 f the administration ot a 
magistrates' court and have-the 
tial to take on managerial responsibility. 

The two divisions (with a combined 
population of 343,000) srt m a modem 
court house at Southend wrm a total 
establishment of 155 msg®m»s and 

Sd the presem ^™9h|| Y |^^® 

generation Burroughs computer. 

The Dost is ideally suited to 
whKs to b « “‘^“c^Sderable 

court setting. 

Southend is a 

and, r ^ s t 8 aU^, 

dep^ lan Gill on Southend (0702) 
348431. „ f 



East Sussex 

Cripps Harries Hall seek a newly 
qualified, or shortly to be qualified, 
solicitor to join a busy and expanding 
conveyancing team at its Crowborougn 
office, making full use of information 

technology systems, to deal with a . . 

wide variety of property work m dose 
liaison with the conveyancing partner. 

Competitive salary and excellent 
career prospects. -• 

Please write with C.V. tor 
Frank Reynolds 
Cripps Harries Hail, 

84 Calverley Road, 

Tunbridge Wells TN12UP 
Telephone: 0892 26277 




tion experience. 


Maior City firm seeks calibre lawyer Otoenertce of 
ArtSTrusl matters. Excellent career development 



Opportunity tor ambitious Intellectual PropwtV Lwryw 
A well respected Central London practice. Good 

LITIGATION £ Significant 

Excellent opportunity for ambitious and senior 
litigator to wdertake broad range 11 

progressive West End practice. Excellent pros pects. 

Xjow 'Pei'sonneC 0 

S&Hspecalists to the legal profession worldwide 
95 Aldwych, London WC2B 4JF. Tel: 01-242 1281 
fansantipite alter office hours) 


Corporate Tax 

We wish to appoint additional lawyers to join our Tax Department 
which presently comprises 8 partners and 24 other tax lawyers, both 
solicitors and barristers. The Department advises on the taxation 
implications of a wide variety of major commercial and financial 
transactions, sometimes working in conjunction with other 
Departments in the Firm, but increasingly taking the lead in 
implementing substantial tax-orientated projects. 

The work of the Department is complex and intellectually demanding, 
it frequently involves an international element and lawyers in the 
Department may be invited to work in one of the Firm’s overseas 


We are principally concerned to appoint solicitors or barristers with at 
least 2 years’ experience in corporate tax work, but other applicants 
will be considered, provided that they can demonstrate a high level ot 
academic or professional achievement and an ambition to succeed in 
this growing and important field of practice. 

We offer an excellent salary and benefits package, together with a 
comprehensive in-house training and education programme and the 
resources of advanced information systems. are committed to the 
expansion of the Tax Department at all levels, and career prospects are 

therefore excellent. 

If you would like to be considered, please write with a detailed 
curriculum vitae to: 

Edward Sadler 
Clifford -Turner 
Blackfriars House 
19 New Bridge Street 
London EC4V 6BY 


London, Paris, Brussels, Amsterdam and Singapore 
Associated firms in Riyadh, Tokyo and Madrid 





eluding pogfo” iMeatiea, Shipping. Conwy- 

O*" . d 5 B SJ|S» and both salaries and prospects 
pmviat&d vtM me thinking of making a 

2^ direction in Si^tember 

2nd Floor 

31 Saothamptoo lte*r 
lU ftdnn WC1B SHJ 
nauriaie- telephone snifer 831 2288 

Household Mortgage Corporation 


The Household Mortgage Corporation is a 
recentlvfbrmed organisation specialising in the 
provision and service of house mortgage finance 
throughoutthe UK. In orderto consolidate the legal 
side of their operation they need to appomta 
qualified solicitor to work attheir Head Office at 

H,9 Theicteal candidate would be around 30 with 
some experience of legislation on consumer credit 
and a sound background in conveyancing. He or she 
should have a current Practising Certificate. 

An attractive salary and benefits package would 
be offered and the position has considerable 

the Consultants handling the appointment at tne 

address below: . . . _ . 

The Welbeck Group Limited, Panton House, 

25 Haymarket, London SW1 Y 4EN. 

The VMbeck Group 



We are a substantial, well-known and expanding practice dealing with a 
wide variety of work. 

We urgently require at least one (possibly two) highly i nwjfcjrtjjd 
young solicitors with ability and imagination to hQndle reali y w^ J^ 
212 m as required) a substantial quantity of mterestmg nocncoiiten- 
tious work in two at least of the above fields. 

We consider there to be greater variety and contact with che at s 
ta h S City of London practice. We expetfto pay a competitive 
salary and there ore excellent long term prospects. 

Newcastle is a very attractive alternative to anyone with ojerience 
to date of working only in London or another provincial aty. 

Please telephone David Foster or Kenneth R ^ ol ^ n on 
091-232-3101, urgently or wnte to us with a fun c-v. at 

20 CoIBngwood Street, 

Newcastle upon Tyne, 

Tyne and Wear NE1 1LR. 



We are seeking an able lawyer with at least four 
years experience to join a successful team which 
. : deaiswith alhispects of individual, trust and 
corporate tax planning, and particularly with 
UK and International Clients requiring creative 
advice and a positive approach. The position 
would be attractive to applicants who want the 
satisfaction of guiding and advising clients 
personally. Consideration will also be given to 
experienced Barristers who wish to change 

It is intended that the successful applicant will 
be invited to become a partner within a 
relatively short period. The terms offered will 
be attractive for tins important appointment. 

Applications,accompamed by a foH Curriculum 

Vitae, should be sent in confidence to: 

Richard Moyse, Boodle Hatfield, 

Brookfield House, 44 Davies Street, 

London W1.Y 2BL. 


■'*, ' S i %■ V. !t frV , s3 • *| " * ' 

• ""'- r " ' " 

Meredith Scott 

RATE law. 

gf ££!£ sSEI**™ 1 " 2 vJV^2! B 

KWLT/RKW"-! ^Banldng^inancK^ 

a* 00 ™ 5 ® 

Comm. Litigatton: EC4 

. te concerting Dios© and ot™ 

^ both in and out of 

London, contact 

17 Rest Street. London eot 


all box 




Box No.. 

C/o Times 
P.0- Box 484 
Virginia Street 
■ El 9DD 


Decca International, spedaBsta to the production sod 
rnorimting of dassieal music, offer a rare oppcxtjirty 
CapS*! newly qualified, legal advaer to join them. 

Wrekna dosdy with senior managemart fepajj; 

SflS^Sdent you w« be“gdvedj» afl^l 
oj a business nature, dealing with artists. 

HcwKaas. lt iatheratwe 
SSS^lhalyou have commerdd awarej^ara 
fS^todemonstrate aMity to tom tfKtependert 
a s£nd kncwfcdgowdm- 

tonast in dasdeal muse. 

WB offer an attractive stfary and the benefits to hs 
J5,Sd troman^or international loonww 
interested camfida tes to 

to: _ 


Decca Memattonm 
1 Rockley Road 
W14 00L 



“^ pl 3/4“^ ^r° f 120 ^ 

wake of the “Big Bang - . . 

In an increasingly 

ness “vironment weMe»™^tKl to^iwireyo £ 

Oie Pro.™ 0 ” n^fSSSMl and busing skDls. We shall be 

We are TS 5 

SSmSSmI Jot a good academic background 
in the following departments: 

corporate taxation. 

and residential development institutional 
investment; property lending; joint ventures. 

building lip 

Sfd arbSion; landlord and tenant iresidentn 

The environment is friendly and supportive and we 

ri ^.11 raSfti salaries that are required to enable ns to recruit 
iSSlToflSrhigbest calibre. Prospects for the nght candi- 
dates are excellent 

Applications should be sent to Michael fielding, our Senior 

Partner at: „ 

1 Harley Street 
London W1A 4DG 




Company/Commercial Solicitor 

We wish to recruit an additional Solicitor to join: our expanding 
Company/Commerciai Department The department is engaged in a 
wide variety of work for listed and private company clients and individ- 
uals involving full listings and USM flotations, business acquisitions 
and disposals, shareholder agreements, banking and financial transac- 
tions, employment and general commercial matters. 

We are looking for a Solicitor qualified 2/4 years with relevant experi- 
ence to take a position of responsibility in the department 

An attractive salary and good . prospects will be offered, for the right 

Apply in writing to Mr G.W. Green. 

Commercial Conveyancing Solicitor 

We are also seeking to recruit a newly qualified Solicitor in our Com- 
mercial Conveyancing Department This department deals with a wide 
variety of interesting work with the emphasis on property development 
No previous experience is required. 

Applicants for this position should write to Mr. David FitzGerald. 
Payne Hicks Beach, 10 New Square, Lincoln’s Inn, London WC2A 3QG. 


BOND ISSUES - Mid to late 20’s 
£15,000 to £25,000 + Mortgage Subsidy 

Solicitor required for expanding City based Merchant Bank 
as Bond Documentation Advisor in the New Issues Syndica- 
tion Department 

Previous relevant experience neccessary in either a financial 
environment or private practice. Opportunity for the suc- 
cessful applicant to take on a Marketing role at a later date if 

Please call John Veale on 01-588 9887 

Zarak Hay-At-Law 

or send CV in complete confidence to 

6 Broad Street Place, 

Blomfield Sheet 
London EC2M 7JI 


CAMBRIDGE is an expanding business centre, particularly 
in the hi-tech sphere, yet retains the charm of an ancient 
university city. 


Is an expanding 7-partner firm of solicitors which has just 
moved to brand new premises, creating space for more 



We keep an open mind on the age and experience of the 
right people to fill these vacancies. 

Persuade Desmond Hutchinson at 

Francis House 
24 Hills Road 
Cambridge CB2 1PH 

that YOU fit the bill! 



We are an expanding firm who wish to recruit additional solicitors 
to join our team. 

Our clients include foreign and U.K. companies engaged in all 
aspects of international shipping, insurance and commerce. The 
worfc, which will provide opportunities for foreign travel, is 
challenging, the salaries competitive and the prospects for ad- 
vancement excellent Previous experience of Maritime law is not 

If you are a recently qualified solicitor (or about to qualify) and 
wish to develop your career ft a growing firm specialising in this 
interesting area, please apply ft writing, with Curriculum Vitae, to: 

Nigel Waterson, Horrocks & Co., 

99, Aldwych, London WC2B 4JF. 

tfemingham Rrm ot 
Sofaitore require an 
energetic arel enthusiastic 
young Solicitor with an 
appetite for work to assist 
with Conveyancing and 
Probate work and also with 
good experience of 
Litigation. Friendly office in 
City cen tre wit h good 
remuneration aid 
Partnership prospects for 
the right person. 

Apply CV 

HMHLV BBMUPtP private 
practice in Bucks Is looking for 
in ipa lion lawyer i o wort on a 
mixture- of family and private 
ciieni c as elo a d. Salary and 
prospects are exceflenL Contact 
Claire Wiseman at Gabriel Daf- 
fy consultancy. 2nd Floor. Si 
Southampton Row. London 
wciB SHJ. Tel: 031 2280 

errut Sol prof, lo S years 
admitted for goafiead practice. 
To £30.000 nsoouable f p'slttp 
jnwnecta. Meredith scon Re 
crultment 01-683 0066. 



We have exciting 
vacancies for 
Solicitors seeking 




All these positions 
offer attractive 
salaries and good 


StsH speca&sts to the dfc 
l«oal profession worldwide teF 
95 Aldwych. London WC2B «jT 
Ter. 01-242 1281 
(ansa phone after offtce humM 


aty of London. Admitted 2/3 
year, at toast. Oood unread 
auallty firm, to £ibk. Maty 
Mato Accord Personnel 0936 


Sal to C2SK for caitore Lawyer. 
Up lo 3 years post oual. ex pert- 
cnee for malor aty firm. Law 
Pers o nnel 01-202 1281. 
lAnsapMiie alia- Bus. lit*) 

uthmuon souenw Norton 

«nsL General work and matri- 
monial. £I2*K. Mary Mato 
Accord Personnel 0936 

dal conveyancer lo work on 

ht«h profile caseload In busy de- 
partment- working 

environment pleasant and sala- 
ry excellent. Contact Claire 
Wiseman ai Gabriel Dutty Con- 
sultancy. 2nd Floor. 31 
Souttvamnton Row. London 
WCIB SHJ. Tel: 831 2288. 

Tan Clerk’s Service 


c. £11,300 - c. £12,000 lac. 

(pay award peadiag) 

This vacancy is wtiNn tbs Town Planning. Contracts and Social 
Services section and will provide an ideal opportunity for some- 
one wetting to further thsir career fei Deal Government legal 
wort in ore of these areas. 

The main dries wifl involve the provision of advice on planning 
matters together with the preparation of statutory nricos inter 
the Planning Ads. An rifity to prepare complex contracts wmW 
be an advantage. . 

You statdd be A least Associate of hstfefe of Legal Executives 
■id law a rntnonum of three yeas relevant expe rienc e. 

Santee, The Ton MR, Rntn Street, Data, VS 
Tab BVS37 8562 (24 Imt anmta| rental 
Mt far aflpRcaltai ZSUi My 1US 

Financial Services Bill 

We are seeking to appoint a 


in our Professional Conduct Department to 
deal with the implications to the accoun- 
tancy profession of the Finance! Services 

The successful candidate wifi be aged about 
30 preferably with a City or Financial back- 
ground and the post wn be based on our 
Miton Keynes office. 

Salary circa £20,000 p.a. and other benefits 
■ m JL’ include free medical in- 

r^ARTFnnn su ranee and contributory 

MCtffira! pafo " sette me. Pteasa 

lllllllilllilll “ p v pl ^: 0ndOS ‘ ng c,,,ren, 

Brian Weston 
Personal Manager 
Chartered Accounts Hafl 
Moorgate Place 
London EC2P 2BJ 


Old established firm requires assis- 
tant solicitor for busy South Bucks 
practice. Matrimonial, crime and gen- 
eral litigation with some advocacy. 

Excelle nt prospects for ambitious 
young solicitor either newly qualified 
or with 2 or 3 years experience. 

Beaconsfield 2661 



We require young, able and energetic solicitors to assist 


The right candidates win sobn wish to assist with varied 

and demanding work which win include Commercial Liti- 
gation and other High Court and County Court work, 
bi addition to those already qualified, those candidal es 
who are to qualify in the Autumn of TSB6 are encouraged 
to apply. 

Salaries wifl be competitive and career prospects are 
exceflenL Please write with fid curdcutam vitae to> 

•John Hentbom 
Messrs. Laces & Co, 

Castle Chambers 

43 Castle Street, Liverpool L2 9SU 

Conveyancing London W1 

Wright Webb Syretl require energetic young 
solicitor possibly about to qualify for their 
conveyancing/ probate department. 

Good salary, demanding and varied work 

Tel 01-439 3111 
Ref RG 


A new unique service to 
our readers and advertisers 




A Division of The National Video 
Corporation Group of Companies seeks a 

This post requires accuracy and the ability 
to cope with pressure as well as felly 
competent wordprocessing, shorthand and 
audio typing. 

Salary: up to £10,000 pjl 

Please apply in writing with C.V. before 
1st August 1986 to: 

Robert Carter ; 

NVC Arts International 
31, Lancaster Gate, 

London W2 3LP. 

for the 

placement of advertising. 

You can now phone in your advertisement to us any Saturday 

morning, from 9.30 a.m. to 1.00 p.m. 

This is a unique new service for all classified advertisers in 
The Times and Sunday Times — and it costs no extra. 

To book your advertisement phone 01-4814000. 


Age 25/35 for Specialist Research Company 
near Holbom, Kingsway Tube. 

Fast accurate audio typing essential. IBM WP, 
can “train in* gradually. 

Calm professional environment and plenty of 
job satisfaction for the right person. 

Hours 9.00-5.00. LVs 80p a day. STL, Salary 
£9,500 (review April 1987). 

Telephone 01-242 5446. 

No Agencies 



(NO SH) 

TO £10,500+ 


Our den. a pai t n g In a presti- 
gious Wl law Firm seek a 
ranMmna ujn seustay **h 

soma conviyancing wpertan*. . 

Please phone 
Meridian Associates Ltd 
01-935 8474 
Rec Cons 

RETARIES. Tempo G640 Ph- 
prrmanwils up K> £10.600. 29. 
Mdddox SI. London Wl. 01 
493 00*3. 



<iutral £7.000 nefl. rc«uMM 
earning kMim. Probate nr* 
yrar earnings £12.000. rtiqOI- 

222 8972 

MWl an energetic entliiiodasuc 
Soairmx lor our Wincboner 
branrfi. The successful appli- 
cant win head the Uttgauon 
Department and win deal wiih 
criminal and CU1I uugauon and 
matrimonial mailers. A healthy 
appetite lor work and an a unity 
to expand lurtner nu Mr of 
our practice are also essential. 
Rewards are a young, friendly 
emlrofuncfiL good salary and 
partnership prospects lor the 
rtghl person Either apply with 
lidl CV to T.w. Payne. Bnihon 
A Co. 17 Souihgair Street, 
winchester. SOZ3 9CA or leto- 
phone for more inforaialion on 
10962) 68632. 

mawr CWv practice lo work on 
mined caseload of Uo. trust and 
probate matter* meal lor a per- 
son seeking i eauuiulUlty. 
Salary and benefits commensu- 
rate with a malar firm. Contact' 
Claire Wiseman at Caonei Duf- 
fy consultancy. 2nd Floor. 31 , 
Southampton Row. London 
WCIB SHJ Tel: 831 2288. 

MAJOR CITT FIRM seeks a senior 
las. trull and probate assistant. 
Candidates should hate oood 
retosant experience. Partner- 
ship prospects for the right 
candidate. Salary and benefits 
excellent. Conlacl Claire W he- 
man at Gaonet Duffy 
Consultancy. 2nd Floor. 31 
SouUuurman Row. London 
WCIB SHJ Tel. 831 2288. 

mature solicitor under is. 
responsible appointment with 
west Country firm. £12 5K. 
Wessex Comunantx 0936 

sraau general practice m 
Bayswator Adi or alo preferred. 
Newly ad milled considered. Re- 
ply lb BOX F6i. 

wich Company and property 
wort. £12 1 :K. Mary Male Ac- 
cord Personnel 0935 818806. 

A D MITTE D *S/M Reading and 
Oxford appofnlirwnls. To £1 IK. 
Mary Male Accord Personnel 
0936 815606. 

ADVOCATE /unacnoN Solid 
■or. Expanding Hens Mwn 
firm. £13 5K. Wessex Consul, 
lards 0935 2S1B3 

cohienlibiis. Surrey. Hants 
border £1«K. Mary Mato Ac- 
cord Personnel 0935 815806. 

CONVEYANCERS Salisbury and 
Southampton To £12K. Mary 
Mato Accord Personnel 0936 

FREE LIST of country v ara n ews 
at salaries from £7,000 lo 
£28.000 Chambers & Partners 
01-606 9371. 

bridge CKU Mai & Crime 
£ll SK. Wessex Consultants 
0935 26183 

ford and Luton. To E13K. Mary 
Male Accord Personnel 0836 

PROBATE A TRUST Specialist. 
West Country firm SoUcttor or 
Barrister C13.BK. Wessex Con- 
wjltants 0935 251 83 


The Legal Department of a major clearing bank, ; 
based in the City of London and with responsibility: 
for the legal afiains of the Bank throughout thg 
world, wishes to recruit a new lawyer. He/she 
be a. solicitor with some 3 - 6 years bfraperienc^ 

with a top dty firm, a barrister with the si' 

in . practice at the Chancery Bar; or ah 
banister or solicitor with experience of ba nking * 
and/or company law work and -proveii “ability 7qf S 
high order. Age will not: be a detenninihg-factor-T«t 
it is likely that the successful applicant would be2fe 
30 and would have a good university degree of nett’ 
less than 2:1 or equivalent He-she will have flair^ 
drive, and determination^ as well as professional 
ability and the ambition to succeed in a bank where' 
ability in the Legal Department is rewarded, with* 
high position up to general management leveL The 
Legal Department is small and friendly and thc&i 
work is varied and important - 

The starting salary will depend on age an^expeij^ 
ence. It is anticipated however that it will be not- 
than £2Q,000 p.a. with the benefits usually assock 
ated with a position in banking managemeo^:- 
including a profit sharing scheme. . I ‘ 

Applications, in the strictest confidence, should be? 
sent with c.v. to Box no C04. ' ' •: 

• ! it I # n 

o £25,000 ± car 

Our die^a leading UlTuitKittalionciI airline, aedcsaliegalAdviaesr, 

t<3 be kvatiaH at fhotr main operating hg<aa atirl .’Hoa H iSffiirsp itf 

Southern England :. 

RftpnrlingtQ lh« CommercialDheCtor, ftm principal TiRf qTQwrihility 

wiB be to advise fee Cbainnan and boazd unidMKSGB all legal 

TnattPTgaffafTiryj thooppT atinT i airtinp ' • * m \ 

ThaninoRMstuI CTOdUcIgtBY^belflBallyq uallfitol^ hfl 

or she will be experienced in industry or business. Alternatively t 

business world, end has the potential to absorb quickly fee 

rinrriTTiftTrialflTyj npiW Rtim itf iTitTiffai^ 

be considered. The industryis iiighly-iegulalecl and a period, of 
training wife a leading aviation law practice wifi be provided, 
if necessary. 

TbeabflilytoqpeEateatBoardlev^ygbeabtetoii^ateelfecti v dy 
to ofeer managers and staff feroughmit fee airline, is essential 
The attractive remuneration package includes a company car. 

] wiv fl l M TTiffftirHl insiTn wmB, and thongna] trained hraiialilwa qayi a ^ 
with a majnr mft°marinnal RpAgr>nRMiaT»alrirgwifiniTn^ 

hn mimhiBPd, if npreseny. 

Male ear ay gM crofe AonU wife k r-rfHrrrr t® 
Edwu fl B. O n— , H wmibbI SeA t l e— B itMua ste a 
coaapnbmnMtve CVartelepho— fcvaPl— imNnyfetw 
q—fngBef. IB0I3. . 




SOUOIUK& ■■■■•. 


We are a large and expanding practice giving a comprehensive service to 
our clients but with a strong bias towards company work, commercial • 
litigation and commercial conveyancing. Our location is Central 
Birmingham but within very easy reach of boosing of good quality which 
is still to be obtained at modest cost. 

COMMERCIAL The successful candidate may be newly admitted or . ' 
CONVEY AN- may have two or three years post-onaKficatkra ' i ! 

C!NG experience. He or die will have to have the ability to . 

SOLICITOR handle complex transactions" and to advise clients 
thereon. An attractive salary wifi be offered and - 
there are excellent career prospects. 

ARTKXED Tfone is one vacancy lor 19% and several for 1997. 

CLERKS It is unlikely, that a candidate without a first or -upper 

second class honours degree would be appofored. 

The starting salary is weH in excess of the - J.. - 

recommended scales. Finn’s brochure for o niri gd ‘ 
derks available on request. " 

Anyone interested in applying for these poos should send a full 
C.V. to: Philip Williams. Evershed A To mkimon, 

10 Newhall Street, Birmingham B3 3LX. 

Telephone: 021-233 2001. j 




Oxford c£1 6,000 + car 

Chemical Design Limited is a British Company which 
specialises in the development of molecular modelling soft- : 
ware. With over 200 installations of the Chem-X system, we 
consider ourselves to be the leading software company in 
the field. . . 

We are currently recruiting a small team who will be respon- 
slble for conveying advanced hardware and software 
concepts applicable to modelling. 

Ideally applicants should have a chemistry degree, good 
communication skills and a knowledge of mini computers . 
and computer graphics. Previous exposure in Sales and a 
foreign language would be an advantage. : 

For further information, please write to or telephone our 
Personnel Manager at 

_ Chemical Design Limited - ' ' - ‘ v 

* V nit12 > 

b 7 West Way, . ... 

Oxford 0X2 OJB 

Telephone Oxford (0865) 251483 :^ 

■B 9 HITTUM3 v 

■■BITn-IMS. Ci - *'* 
“r-r -i- 




lvi S ^' 

ncr.T ...» ** 

rick^ 2 ^ior c . 

V>!nr, -» 

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<■ j:?.- .. 
Ek'.:i ";. ! i 

■•■■; 4 d* ^ 


AB Anfied «d*,n«m en o 
an bc wxcfliaJ by tdcphoH 



Has wnfi u> send an adveftiM- 
■” ? r™ * 1 * P»e«e toctatfc 

2JSS ,?*'*£* °* 

FftKiMcffT. ir you have any 
4»cna or ptoMans n-taing to 
)* w Mlwausctnem once it bos 
Vkaac canua our 

Se rvices Depanwem 

by telephone an 01-481 4100. 


^ AM,LY 30 KM from 
oftfn houaayi fr»* of 

VSSFw i™* 1 A Wi«Sh te»S 

* W«»W E«*tf Wi nwuv- 
£n» n Vif ? rl ,or .cwnmjuon 
JJ" 17 Vur old daMMir 

™S*' I £ir , "*J2.2i r * foSitSS; 

Turner Boidwu*. 91120 

•'iBnxw Sur vv«ite. France 

SSfS'LS**^ “•WqneSS 

answer «B July 27. 
*^5g.^ON EUNe «_ 


rivomuw, Love or Marriage. 
All agev a re na . ObMIm. nm 
«Oisi as AbtawtSTaStdl lS- 
*** W8. TVfcdTSoilJoit. 

■KAKAWAV. London's cTut, tor 
■preteannai onutMchM people 
M-na-Oi-er 200 «v«at* month- 
ly. W hr info tape. 997 799*. 

*» rmmt wmonuertows. 

Send SAE 14 Beaurhamo PI. 
.SVfA Ol -267 OOOAXMm area. 

«»«. High aumti me. 
-Men *0-66 in demand. 

tauter raviM cmkmv. m- 

eMunom for the unattaoied. 
M Maddox Street. London Wl. 
.Te l ephone *93-9937. 

CMJMC CVS Uq professional 
.curriculum ilia* anmnuns 
Detail*: oi-63i sssa. 
CAPITAL CV* prepare Mgh anaH- 
'tv currteuuon wan. 01-607 

COMP AMT GOLF Day* organised 
for ttan or customers. Any lo- 
cation. Tel 0734 872722. . 


QuaiUted SodWton £160 * 
, VAT A Standard Oskurae 
'meats- Ring: 02*6319398 
US lawyer 17 BulStf06e SL 
London Wl Ol *86 0613. 


r Legal &d 

CLTHDEBOfHME . Private pur. 
ifhooer urpenUy reoufre* defects 
lor- any one of the louowtog 
--dales : July 19th / 2«h. July 
26Ui / 27n>. August 3rd_or Au- 
gust 9Ul . lOtfl. Please reply; 
Box FS9. 

of chairs, large mirrors, hook. 
cases, desk* A bureaus. 01-585 
0148.228 2716 day/mghL 




Wool mb Betters from E&95 per 
sq yd + VAT. 60% wool Heavy 
Domestic UNnnEl3J)5 Mr sq yd 
+ VAT. Cufeoptest (ties £8.75 pe 
sq yd + VAT ft many other great 

548 RAan Road. 
Pmsqk Greoa. SW6. 
Tel: Of-736 7551 

f+tvrxJci, jennets 
^ M .a * ?C^VC£ll : 

CV' r ' >,,v scr-> 

*■■ ' '♦*,» L , . * ' A_ o a. I 

S. V «•>■ *£«:.**£» SS rT' I *t: "2 

al Appointments 

■ ■ 

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)UU LOii & 

TOPS. Baneo 'matin, portable 
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Lower SMane SL SWl. 730 

Iup dedc*! bui period Ryle book 
case*, mine cabinets, board- 
room fable* A chaff*. 
UphaUtry. french poUshlna- 
restoraUon A pmresslonal inte- 
rior design- NeOMbed. Oxoa 
10*911 4*1115 

| raw IT ooailiy wool carpet*- At 
’ trade price* and under, alto 
available lOO's extra. Large 
roam -stae -remnants under half 
normal price. Chancery Oapcm 
01 406 0*53- . . 

THE TONES in$-IML Other 
uue* avaP. Hand bound ready 
«or presenlaoon _ • also 
"Sunday* . £12.60. Remember 
• When. 01-688 6325. 

SiariVA’l Exp. Chess. Les Mb. 
ad theatre and art... 

Td: 821-6616.8280**8- 
- A-E* ' visa / Diner*. 

BIRTHDAY DUE 7 GK* someone 
an original Time* Newswner 
dated the very day lh«f «w» 
bom. £12 SO- 0*92-31303- 

lew* sale of hart wearing wool 
Mended Berber carnet al f2J» 
per so yd. + VAT. Ol 736 3195. 

old vork fuenam. 

Me setts «c- Nanonwfde 
dehverVa- Tel: lOSBOl 860039 

SC AI F B Ul Ptt Any evgrtmc tea 
MM. Covent Qm. SUMigdd Om. 
Otyn d elw ui in . 01-82B 1678- 
Maior cmBi cart*. 

wOwaort and *U Uie*tre*. Ol 
701 8285. 

CATS. CHESS, Ln Ml*. An the- 
T«f 6313719- 
€57 1718. AB major credit 

•PRANK BRUNO* 3 rtWAtna - 
available. PMase Phone 0732 

Sale. Grosvenor Square. 01 491 


nyan CMS* Sewiromme tort 
of me Ngong 

PfL For details. 102711 6248* 
ngurine*. animal*- «w ■ wam ' 
etf 01 883 002*. 


CoOerier in 

Mr James Enddno. EserUey 
cfvrsa) 7321 38 



?alhs-.- c ?S! i § . 


. • 1 Thgeiherwecanbcatit. 

... I : v VMffiind o*er one thitdoi 

all research into the P 1 ^ 0 " 

: ' '.!* ' " non and cure ol cancer m 

J - ,-iv v H^pu* by sending* do™ 

.. • - V \~j non or make a legato; 

Canoa: Ul 
Researdi yi i 
•r'-V Campari ipij 

■ ‘ '.ft' 2 Carkrni House Terrace. 

■- ; |D.-pi TTlfi/7. London SW lY 5Wj 



■ For sate, wmw pare «WMI 


nmg beta lapt nod n Sgr- 


ol mac staktt wh tcapt 
C*f»R Br noun oJ njSE 

01 703 0601 


g’? ") Bright Black 
finish. 2 years old. 

Hardy used. 
£4.500 negotfebfe. 

Tab 01-668 6342 


bWymg condition, 
f -dOO for quick ub T*fc Ol. 


eSjnuIno raducUona on over 
XOO new a restored fostru- 
ments. Unnvaued -after s Mm 
■ervKe. Free catNooue. 

Hd, NWaT oi.267 
7671. Fm r*l* l ui*| i . 

and reconditioned. Quality M 

£»i»bw*w»^s. saSaSSUm 

R6.. LCffiMHi. 01-688 3813 


Alsace and 

Jean Schiilinfler. 
JULY 10tb-19th 

I o <Krm ?-T»er.i cmixw wi B 


Wetfag Momtog Saits. 

OgM ^Sjjg. 

Stripad Tmusar*. fmM' 1 
StapbiB to HB-- 
Mro daat 

Iran E30 


22 CHARMS [*12 

oi-a*o oig 



Tat 81-998 7668 «r 
01-995 4385. 

Beautifully furnished and 
cqufped. Sip* 8/6. 3 recep. IdL 
2 bath* cl an suifei. diwsr/m. 
Avail 22th Jld - SUi Sep. £225 
pw. neg. Tel: 01-485 6S2S. 

HOLIDAY LETS. From £200 pw 
IO £3.000 pw. Teh 01 4866086 
anyone m. 

MUWTON Sunny Georgian Oat. 
3 beds. 2 min* tube. 26 July-26 
Aug (neg). £130 pw. 389 2831. 

central London from £328 pw. 
Ring Town Kse Ana 373 3653 

KenNngioB. Col TV34hr*wbd- 
It* OMlnpham Apt* 573 6306. 

CTRL K*n exclusive elegaM 8/C 
*01610 l eH—Y flaL CH. Col TV. 
phone, maid. Ol 370 2386. 



friend fy house. CH. Wnh/m. 
video. Garten. Cl* lube BR. 
£1 SOncra. act. Ol 288 3979. 
CXI 4311 -day. 946 2825 era* 

FULHAM Prof M. 223ft N/S. 
O. R. In mixed house, garden . 
nr tube. £200 pem wd. Tei oi 
301 3908. caller 6-00 pm) 

CLAPWAW CO MMON . 2 people to 
snare large room in pleasant 
house. £145 pan euCh eJtcL 
Abo single room £160 pan 
nd- Ring: 223 3037 tafler 

CAUNfl. Own spacious place In 
house suii » or cotmto- bed. 
tounge. CH. shower WC. ML 10 
min* io Mad !•£•“* jw 
M* » M40X7S pw. 998 0381 lei 
BATTERSEA F 224 Sbr Spactous 
Manaion nai o'looung oaric * 
10 min* walk Kings Road. O/R 
£175 pem 01 223 0912 all 4 
MUXTU P ML 2nd prof person 
to share CH nau Lge O/Tl W 
lube. £160 pem exeL Tel: Z74 
7544 alter 2pm. 

C H tSWICKi Prof. reL male. » 
share charming 9dn flaL Ovm 
room. £210 per nrth- Tel: Ol- 


Prol pemon to share newly nee. 
lux flaL o.t. £40 pw ad. 
TSftOl-833 3727 <Day) 
CLAPHAM STM 4th m/f 21* to 
share, luxury. howe. Utube. 

0 f . cH. gdn. £187.60 PCM exd 

01 673 4083 dir 6pm 
BOLUS HILL 3 min lube. I mto 

park, responsible N.'S. Single 
£39. double £59. *60 6723 or 
802 8508. 

SWl. LtghL space and grandeur. 
TlijMMN All bJ-ih and 

cleaning Included, oi 689 

. 5W5. Dumb aHiPCUvo. 
c*o*k newly Kk 

dose tube. CH. aSPJ- » 
6464 at 2000 O 573 6816 *- 
swtl. R oom with own talh- 
room. from u} *ff***» f 
rargani house offF .29*. 
N - ft £48pw Inc. 01 228 6898. 
BATTERSEA. Prof M/F to Ni w 
lame house. O/R. £120 pan- 
“i«7 SS83X3S. Office hour*. 
urge house. O/R. £120 pan. 
016578683 X3B. Office hour*. 
BATTERSEA Prof tort ton W* 
■^iSSftaL O/R. £170 pan. 


hchboND prof male. N/S. 

I net. TeC:01-499 38*»‘^' 

«W7 Gtouc. R«L F. n/s- dwj 
tiuWiV Mr rm. In lux /l*L £325 
?ST^Sl 370 68W.WS, 
SW&t F toshare Iw- W« «»- 
balcony O r.n. *-C66 pee ween- 
’'TTriTimaU o r. £I0B poo 
Tehbl-643 4141 (evesl 
son for lux IM M V***. ““ 
pem me. Ol 789 8796 - 


♦ svwcv ***£%$&* 

Jwww * * fSfflSJ 

:s^> * sfasgs: 

* SSSSi 

:®o J 

SUNW08 U) travel 

* snstfac * * 

* WJBAl * * 
iSoEAST * * 

* lSam * * 
5 TOROffO e * I 

BrWsh Heart Rwndation 

The Heart research charity. 

"MAT AVAR. Ten me Hoi 
Turkey. Spend a week relaxing 
M wwiwt hracn Boot men 
a week mining op our yacht 
tor £380. tor m. H; EL free 
w spon*_i-wa a outer combi. 

SFSx'S&SSk"' 00 *" 


or B. B an ton autel unspolll Is- 
land. Direct nights to Km 
(09231 77126dc2itl»J. 

TBmww Hobday*. 

A8TA,ATOL 1 107. 

to Europe. USA & most daUna- 
Uon*. DfNemJt TTatN- 01-730 
2201. ABTA |ATA ATOL. 

USA fr £U5 Stogie. £210 rtn. 
HMh Season Far**- Major trav - 
el. 01 486 9237. LATA 


Bent TrarL TH Ol 388 6414. 

Haymarkd 01-950 1366. 

o. w £396 rtn £696. Auckland 
. O/W £420 nil £.786. 30*01119 
O-W £306 rtn £499. LOS Aim 
wow £218 rtn £408. London 
Flight Ccnlrp 01-570 6332. 

New York £269. L A £329. To- 
ronto £269. J-bura £496. 
Nairobi £378. Sydney caso 
Auckland £7*9. Donah- ISO 
Jcmum Street, 01 839 71*4 
Menor ca . Tenerife. vma». Apt 
P tutoio Tbvernm. HotUtoy* l 
.-Flighis. Brochure*/ bmaot 
bookings Ventura Hobday*. 

' Tel 01-260 1355. 

ONE CALL for seme of ihe bed 
deals m room*, apartments, no- 
totoaod <»r tore. Tef London at 
6366000. Manchester 061 832 
2000. Air Travel Advisory 


fugnii eg Rio £486. Lima 
£495 rtn. Also Small Croup 
Hobday Journey* icg Peru 1 
from £3601 JLA 01-747-5108 , 
USA. S. -America. MM end Far 
Can. S Africa. Trayvate. *8 
Margaret Street. Wl. 01 880 
2928 ivt*a Accepted) 

N/YORM Miami LA. Cheapest 
■are* on maior US. scheduled 
carriers. Auo traraaiianuc 
charter* A fllpha 10 Canada. 01 
804 7371 ABTA. 
AUSTRAUA/MZ It £679 rtn 
Book now Mr Xmas season, pay 
later. Columbus, to cutter* 
Carden*. EC2. 01 929 4251. 
for Austnbk. NZ Middle easL 
India. Far East ABTA. Ova Air 
Travel. Ol 629 2684. 

pean deaunaikm*- Vaiexaiuter 
01 402 4262/0062 ABTA 

61004 ATOL 1960 
maple Prices FUght* A 
holidays. Freedom Hobdays. 
01-7*1 4686. ATOL 432. 
worldwide cheapest /ares. 
Richmond Travel- 1 Ouke SI 
Richmond ABTA 01-940 4073. 
TUNISIA- Perfect beaches for 
your summer bottoav. Can for 
our brochure now. Tunisian 
Travel Bureau. 01-373 *411. 

More low-cost flights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 
than any other agency 

• Fast, evert, high-tech 
service - Free worldwide 

hotel & car hire pass 

• up to 60% discounts 

Open 9-6 Moo-Sat 

immunisation. Insurance, 
Foreign Exchange, 
Map & Book Shop 

42-4S Eerie Cowt Rood 
london W86CJ 
EurepeAUA 01-S37 S400 

arts- am mcnor 











Vdo/Acceu. c 
SubAJb*. fe 
.48X2032: t 


Tel 01 -441-0122 24hr. 

bargain flights 

Sydney B*5$ £699 

XKnd W15 045 

W ■ 1 

New York £168 BOB 

, Lot AngetosEZTS £405 


! flight centre 

01-370 8237 

joUwg/Hxi 5300 MS 

8? i i 

i i 

a* 5220 ^ 

Ml* AslreTrem IM 


102 Gloucester Place. 
London W1H 4DH. 

Fly Savely 

July August flights to 


Znms i«ooes h iwu« 



01-995 3883/4/5 

Simply Fly 

ATOL 1923 


pm tea hw* gg 

5ST g 


C^o £205 Kamtnqu wjj 

ssrsoqifo as? ss 

"■ MW 

BAJW cicmbs Accgra 

Atom E«0 Dura f^D 

fXn E« |Jg 

LtoM £330 JB»W 


WWW H srwHN 

{tonisas E27D Tw<J ,- " u 

speSMS* 1 




Isanbal Snworc. KJ- «at. 

Rahgtnfc. Hods Kong. Sydney. 
Europe. &. The Ainenca. 
Flasutigb Hi nt 
TS St sfle ^MT d"** 
Loodgn WlV 7DG. 

03-139 0102 

Open SatuMg lMO-lM* 

OI *34 073* Jupurr Travel. 


U T O Opm B6L 0783 887036. 

*fllV * w * CANABMS 01-441 
1111. Trnhww. Aafa.AM. 

MAM. MnuM Cheapest cam. 
Blggtee. 01 738 8191. ATOL. 

SWIREBLAND SchedutedfHghb 
01-724 2388 ABTA ATOL 

ROLY C24S.M Uie well appoint- 
rd ELI HOTEL JP sectaxted Bay 
of Sani'Airato. only 7 ntUrs 
mm the elrgenl internauonal 
tcsoit of TAORMINA. Price 
inci 7 maw* heU-towrt in ivui 
room, rttwh wniM Gatwirk 
fils mw Tuesday Pool A po 
vaw beach, transier* A airport 
ui No hidden mins. SICIL- 
IAN SUN LTD Ol 222 7482 
at# and First. BEST? ARE 01 
394 16*2. Aid 1400 
USA FAR EAST Australia 
Europe- Low - rests lares. 
HwMWWl a n. 01930 3800 

ALICANTE, Faro. Malaga etc. 
mmond Travel ATOL 1783. 
Ot-582 46*1. Harsnam 686*1 
AUSMC. Ni. Bourn Atnra. 
L.S.A. Hong Kong. Beat Fare*: 
01-493 7775 ABTA. 

am Hobdays anywhere. Sky 
Travel Ol 83* 7*26. ABTA . 
DISCOUNTS 1st /Economy Hel- 
en. Try U» Iasi flight- 
BOOKERS 01-387 9100. 
tore* on marter .‘scheduled m*. 
631 0167. A9I AtM 1895 
F bahts Faidor 01 471 00*7 
ATOL 164ft Arrets/ visa. 
SYR/MCL £618 Penn £6*8 AS 
malar carriers 10 AUS/N2. 01- 
68* 7371. ABTA 
BOOTH AFRICA jo-burp from 
£466. 01-38* 7371 ABTA. 


CRUISE Turkey 12 both Crewed 
motor yacht 2 wk* fr £*20 pp 
me fits. Whole boat avaiLMte 
ott i»r weeks iron fiOOO. Free 
W. sports, h-b. Ol 326 1003. 
Atol 2091. 


TANS TIME OFF ip Pkriv Am- 
sterdam. Brunets. Bruges. 
Geneva. Beene. Lausanne. The 
Hague. Dunlin. Rouen. Bou- 
logne a Dieppe. Time Off 2a. 
Chester Oar. London. 5W1X 
7BQ. 01-236 807ft 



BUNORCA visas, some wnh 
pools, apanmenn. lavernaa. alt 
daw* avail July special*, high 
season from £126 Critic Mon- 
days. Ol 309 7070 A 0622 
677071 or 0622 677076 i2A 
hrsl Aim 1772. 



LO i tot rS BEST. Cottage for 2. 
17 7 2w|ca £289 pp Srhed. 
nights Heathrow. Sunscape. Ol 
9*8 5747. ABTA. 

MCE. Lowest fares from £99. 
Biggie* Travel. Ol 755 8193. 
AIM 1893. 




From £179pp • T8/7 FLY DIRECT 
Beaurtui vilas ft age dose to 
gtonoM bnefaes. Some FREE ctmd 
places. FREE tmlswliiis in Crete. 
AvUriiflty ttireugbou if* suramaf. 

0403 59788 



m ssewssra 

Kfl ttan at nbuo bon on ipsoo* 

mCM cmk id* Sesomt naaom. 

Era —MM. ate are. Mg'* A Inp Pr 
I SMB tdi job*. OUPM or tenrea 

I TiwidlenlmBailiFI laniiilliiii 
JATOl 1 1 1 V fi l 1 1 blip 



Anglo &eak tamiN offer bautihii 
pnvatt vJbs/sarka, maiy aritn 


22 JULY FROM £199 

Plaaa nag Itr ourswi toertiy 

01-994 4462/5228 

ASti 1922 

CORFU Sunday 20.27 July * ev- 
ery Bun In Aug. Beautiful vina*. 

fully eoufppref nr the beach Cx 
Catwtrft Open sai. Pan World 
Hobday* Ol 73* 2562 
GREECE • Unspoilt Islands, cheep 
(Ti^tt-viBa rentals etc. Zeus Hot 
Ways. 01-43* 16*7. Aim Alla. 
HHODa lux apart hots Iran 
£159PP July 2526-30. 6-0 
dents- Stroma 0706 86281*. 


END; Indulge yourself... you 

deserve p. a ««M*# in Vwi- 

tee. Florence or Rome. Eat wri. 
drink wed. shoo well and forget 
aooul Engtand** depresses 
woauver. Or eomblne a dry 
Weekend with a week by the 
aca. Free brochure Horn Magte 
01 Italy Dept TT. *7 Shepherds 
Bush Green. W12 BPS Ted Ol 
7*9 7**9 i2* hrs Service) 



ALGARVE Luxury * bedronun 
villa with stall and poet. Avail- 
able 18 July - 7 August due 10 
cancellation- Detain Iron Ouv 
Oriental villas Ol 2*6 9181. 

ALGARVE. Lux villa* with pooK 
A apt*. Avad jui/Ocl 01 409 
2838. VUia World. 


MARRCLLA. Lux vinas with 
poets. Avail July ioOcL Ol 409 
2838. VHlaWorld. 



UMFLY TURKEY discover me 
iruin. Lrove the crowds behind, 
come sad or slay wian ui ini 
MitVul A hraluMr country. 
Dfcpef the myth A ring lor our 
small, friendly brochure- 01 
7*7 1011. 


3 TUPEMT c omm M fTALY 
4 Week* Rome Venice norcnco. 
TO Art History Abroad 01-244- 
. 8164. . • 


*7 Emets * Satmtmt. 

lU reR , Area ft Bely, 
toe Pegot CBoka Oa StU 

81 785 2200 

btG&wxX. Luton, Mmctestsr. 


\AE74 16723 6T0L USX 

SUM WEST bumper brochure out 
now packed with afl me »« re- 
sort*. Sunday means (beat me 
irafiKU- and amanngly low 
prim starting at £59 Ring ion 
785 9999 for your my. 
ABTA692S6 ATOU383. 


— wam dritohlits cottage- 
(Mm 3 4 5C9 » 

ClSOgw- 0736 731275. Mflgr 7 

^ L.ONDON, W2 

Bright conversion flat in pristine condition. 2 
bedrooms, double reception room, modem 
bathroom & kitchen with machines. Gas CH & 
HW. Available immediately 6-12 months +. 
£190 pw ono. 

Notfing Hill Office: 01-221 3500 


IlMam IsiM nw KacPHon togti Shed. 2 douM and 3 angle bcMORB. 
lecanmi. Aug iMffl. My <ffled tatCMn. 2 taaodt, pao gtrtoi m 
gnge. Coow m « l yea pus. £550 p*. 


S«ort fiaar ftcoiwloofcng weens ldndtie«NTsmleeednanRn8- 
to8 xn i awQ wi teibta tod twfroea. Coomtny la far 1 ytai gte. £300 

Wa#9 “ atf ‘ MAJENOIE & CO 

01-225 0433 







Letiteg <i M Ni ag rafiw 

01-351 V67 

Fordid best 
rental refa ction of 


I in prims London areas 
I 27B Eerie Cart totiSWS. 

CHELSEA SHTS. Superb new can- 
version Muniunw decarared 
and furnished. 3 bed*. 2 bath * 
WO wc. recep. hit *U no- 
mines - toning room. £*25 pw. 
Please contact Suzanne con- 
way at Saunders of Kensington 
on 381 MSA 

KENSINGTON a most elegant 
spaaous flat in mod P'b block. 
CM security, excellent mod fur- 
rmmngs. 3 bedrms. 2 boihnns. 
lor mod f I ML recepl toning 
rtn. balcony. Ideal for entertain- 
ing. £560ow. Cg- Vts 6 tnihs* 
Around Town 01-229 9966 

2 double beds, luxury Hirnen 
and Bath, audio room & ler. 
race Company Long Lei £573 
pw No Agents Tel oi 262 
2976 or 01 684 2827 


Architect s own rut with ttew* 
or Bocal M ews L«je rrtepi din- 
er. 3 beds. 2 baton, new UI. an 
machine* £300 pw. Cooto Ol- 
828 6251 

F.tV.OAPP Management Ser- 
vicesi Lid regulre prooortves In 
cenlral sotdh and weal London 
areas for walling appbcanl&Ol- 
221 8838. 

W12LUX 8 Bed rum hse In very 
aiuel street. Fully equipped ku 
and batoroom Mtn garden, cen- 
tral heapng. Sol sharrrs. Co 
M. Tet Ol 749 3368. 

BEHR A BUTCHOFF lor luxury 
properties to SI John* Wood. Re 
rots Park. Maid* Vale. Swiss 
Coll A Hampstead 01386 7561 
CHFIWAi Redctlffe Cardens. 
Large Luxurious Studio. Fully 
Equipped Throuttoout £120 
per week. Ten Ol 363 0*89 
DOCKLANDS. House* .and flats 
throughout (he doektavj f Area 
tp let Oockianos Property Cen- 
tre. 01-488 *882. 
NABMCRSMmh Self cunt room 
and bath R> family house^uif 
male professtonal £06 nr 
week- TafcOl -7*1 -0038 
HAMFSTCAD CH f um nai. recep. 
3 bedrooms Idiett. all machines, 
balcony, bathroom. Family 
only. £223 pw. Ph. T9* 1618. 
MGHBUtr 2 BM Lux naL Roof 
lOTerr. Qutel.TUbe/Bu*. Oty 
♦ W/End £*50 pan 01-930- 


KCNWNB1YML Sppcftns 2 bed 
nai o'tooking pork. 2 mins lube. 
Long Irt. £120 pw. Buchanans: 
351 7767 

KENSMGTOM £1 38 pw Excellent 
spacious fully furmshed garden 
flat 2 bedrooms Suit 2 persons 
01-603 9*66 

fir bate flat with Hfl. 2 bed. 
Avail how. 10/12 iBonm IcL 
£140 pw. TH. 01-727 3501. 
room luxury • aervirrd 
maisonette. Co L*L £360 pw. 
107 pm 381 5109 
SWT NMJCO. 2 Recep. 2 bed. 2 
hath. 1 K. Wril furnished to a 
high standard. £186 pw. Co IcL 
6 mths mlnmum. Oi-834 1026 
9*7 9681 The number to remem- 
ber wnen seeking be* rental 
properties In central and prime 
London areas £1 50/C2000ow. 
Bales 6 Co have a large selec- 
tion of flats avail lor £20Ctow+ 
for 1 wh+. TH: Ol 499 1665 
Wl. Prof. M. 25e. N.'S for quiet 
luxury gdn. house. Mon to m 
bass ontr CH. O R. £40 Aw. 
end 01-262 6308. 

W2 LITTLE VCMCC 2 beds, su- 
perb lounge, k 4 A modern Mk. 
ent phone. Porter, long co tec 
£155 pw. Ol 3*8 8695 It* 
L'niverstty 4 Bril Museu m. H et- 
en Watson 6 Co. 580 6275. 
BROOK ORECM ■ Char ming Hse 
wlln palm. 2-3 Beds. £200pw. 
SC. Boland 221 2615. 
CHEL 5E A Light ha balcony flat 
DWe bed. recep. lifts, porters. 
£195 pw. Long let. 622-6826, 
CHELSEA- Etepanl 2 betfflH In 
P.B block. 0*J>- £3 00 p w. 
Andre La nature, agi 7822. 
beds. 2 rec. Immac. Ggr- Own 
drive in. £1*6 pw. *27 *631. 
HENDON. Furnished CH 3 bed 
flat Nr Tube. 8R. Co lei pref. 
£120 pw. TH: Ol 202 31*0. 
week to 3 Months from £300 lb 
£3000 pw. 01-937 9581. 
KENSINGTON WS Lux 1st fl IR. 1 
dtxe bed. toe ret + t™m new 
ML £185 pw use Ol 938 2396. 
Dbie Bed flat Nr lube. Only 
C850W S.C. Boland 221 2615. 
PUR dUA lT R SfZ PlWkWs 2 
DWe Bed mats. Oiuv £i6&pw. 
SC Boland 221 261 S. 
P IBMROSE HILL ■ Lux 2 dhte hed 
naL Ciaopw Inc CH.CHW. S.C 
Boland 221 2615. 

QUEENS PK - Immense mats nr 
Pk.lube Suit * Only £190pw. 
S.C Boland 221 2615. 

Mfl WEYMOUTH ST Comf dottote 
uutoo. ui ft bath, long co toL 
£95 pw 01 348 8696 III. 

Contact Ricnart or Mick, navis 
Wooife ft CO 402 7381 
WnOLEPON Lux 2 B-rm Fla) 
AU Mod Cons Co Let. £140 pw 
EM Location TH: 01-643^798 

LOOKING for ihe best flat, du- 
ple*. house m umdcnT 
£100 lOOOpw. can 589 6*81. 

E. CORNWALL- S. c wing country 
home SIPS 5 7 £160 - 2O0PW. 
Avail Ir July 26Ul. Ol 3734273 



MAKE IT BM. 22 page manual 
shows you how lo start your 
own business financing service. 
No capital or special wtucatton 
reouired. £3.95 Inc p 4P Order 
today. Call 01-202 9213. 


LOW INTERESTS from I0T.5 «d 
long term. Raymond Brm A 
Co v* Loans ft investments. 


UECJtCTAIHCS tort ArrMtens ft 
Designers Rrmanml ft I c mpo- 
larv pMiumv a MSA Special tet 
Her Com- Ol 734 0632 



" 87'RptjenJ Street London Wl. 
Trt 439 6K34.CK Overte**. 
Also m helps ooms lenm perm 

1UFCI1 Kb super SW6 home mo 
truidieai lor xurL per&onabJe 
au pair plm girl rrlday. Softie 
coofung. rfrantng. driving Ht. 
01 381 1637 


SUUKE Sa Bead In 2 M. 2 
Haiti ad Seoer ttJtion 2 detgMM 
TO{L Run £330 PA 
UBOUm. MS kn atsMBl 
ret 4 bemaa. 2 ten. 2 mceg. 
sadv. ff*B m. gdn £ZS0 cm. 
BESOTS « fCLQSB.2 bedrrn 
nil Good tot Recto, kit tt and 
(Btft 5/WSCuaf hcC/H £200 {K 
e gi npM SBEBL Qnw Ham- 
sbaoHMUi Pieny #aL ood dweao 
2 Deoim. receq. kftn 695.9005. 
ilSO P» 

01-499 5334 

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Law Report July 15 1986 

Car forfeiture order against 
non-defendant quashed 


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Regina 7 Maidstone Crown 
Court, Ex parte Gill 
Before Lord Lane. Lord Chief 
Justice. Mr Justice Nolan and 
Mr Justice Macpherson 
[Judgment given July 14) 

Hie Queen’s Bench Di- 
visional Coun had jurisdiction 
to entertain an application for 
judicial review of a forfeiture 
order made against the owner of 
property who was noi a defen- 
dant in criminal proceedings 
since die forfeiture order was 
not one relating to nial on 
indictment within the meaning 
of section 29(3) of the Supreme 
Court Ad 1981. 

The Divisional Court so held 
when granting an application by 
Dara Singh Gill for an order of 
certiorari to quash a forfeiture 
order made by Judge Russell- 
Vicfc. QC on July 5, 1985 at 
Maidstone Crown Court. 

Mr Tudor Owen for the 
applicant; Mr Keith Simpson 
for the prosecutor; Mr Alan 
Moses as amicus curiae. 

TICE said that the applicant had 
a son who stood trial before 
Judge Russell- Vick in June 
19857 The indictment con- 
tained, inter alia, one charge 
which alleged that the son. on 
November 8. 1984 supplied a 
small quantity of heroin, and a 
second charge which alleged that 
on November 13, he supplied 
one kilo of heroin. 

In the course of the trial the 
son pleaded giriliy to supplying 
the kilo of heroin and was 
sentenced to four years. Tbe 
other count was ordered to 
remain on the file. 

Tbe son used two cars in the 
course of his activities. On the 
first occasion, a Vol vo was used; 
on the second, a Triumph. Each 
car belonged to the applicant 

The trial judge was minded to 
order the forfeiture of the cars 
under section 27(1) of the 
Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. As 
the applicant was not in court at 
the hearing in June,' the matter 
was adjourned. 

The son was not present a: the 
adjourned hearing. Representa- 
tions were made on behalf of the 

applicant, but the judge ordered 
that both cars should be for- 

ie judge orai 
should be 


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The prosecutor contended 
that the Divisional Court had no 
jurisdiction to entertain the 
application by reason of section 
29(l> and (3) of the Supreme 
Court Act 1981. 

The prosecutor argued that 
the forfeiture order was clcanya 
matter relating to trial by indict- 
ment and accordingly there \ras 
no power to entertain tbe 

If the words “matters relating 
to trial on indictment” were 
taken at their face value, that 
was probably correct. That 
would mean that the applicant 
would have no remedy if the 

judge made an order which was 

He had no right of appeal to 
the Court of Appeal (Criminal 
Division) because he was not a 
convicted person who had been 

The recent decision in In re 
Smalley (11985] AC 622. 643) 
made n clear that the words of 
section 29(3) were not to be read 
in their widest sense. 

The question was whether the 
order in the present case was one 
affecting the conduct of the trial. 
The sentence of the court or the 
penalty imposed on the defen- 
dant was part of the trial process 
and plainly within tbe narrow 
meaning which Lord Bridge in 
Smalley suggested. 

Tbe fate of the cars was a 

matter of indifference to die 
defendant who was not even 
present when the order was 
made. The order affected only 
the applicant- 

' The present Older did not 
affect the conduct of the trial 
and did not affect the son at alL 
So for as the son was concerned 
the proceedings ended in June, 
before the applicant attended to 
show cause why die forfeiture 
order should not be made. _ 

No appeal by the applicant 
would hold up die trial. Looking 
at the definition of “sentence 
in section 57 of the Courts Act 
197). the older was not an order 
made by a court dealing with an 
offender. The coun bad jurisdic- 
tion to entertain die application. 

Turning to the merits, the 
Volvo was not used in the 
second transaction to which the 
plea of guilty had been entered. 
The question was whether the 
words in section 27(1) of the 
1971 Act "anything shown . . . 
to relate to tbe offence” were 
satisfied. They were not. So for 
as the Volvo was concerned the 
forfeiture order should not have 
been made. 

Turning to the Triumph, 
there might be cases where a 
man who lent his car should 
have been put on notice that tbe 
car was going to be used for 
some illegal purpose. In those 
circumstances it might be 
proper for the judge to make a 
forfeiture order. 

This was not such a case. The 
applicant had no reason to 
suppose that the car was to be 
used for other than legal pur- 
poses. Accordingly the forfeiture 
order would be quashed. 

Mr Justice Nolan - and Mr 
Justice Macpherson agreed. 

Solicitors: Wilson Houlder & 
Co. Southall; Mr R. A- Crabb, 
Margate; Director of Public 

Court should rarely use its 
power to stay execution 

Continental Illinois National 
Bank and Trust Company of 
Chicago v Papanicolaou and 

Before Lord Justice Parker, 
Lord Justice Nourse and Sir 
Roger Ormrod 
(Reasons given July 1] 

The guarantor of a debt, 
having bad summary judgment 
entered against him. should not 
save in exceptional circum- 
stances, be granted a stay of 
execution pending determina- 
tion of any cross-claims he 
might have against the creditor. 
Notwithstanding the court did 
have a discretion to gram such a 
stay it should rarely, if ever, be 
exercised in commercial guar- 
antee cases. 

The Court of Appeal so stated 
when giving reasons for allow- 
ing an appeal on June 10 by the 
Continental Illinois National 
Bank from an order of Mr 
Justice Evans in the Commer- 
cial Court of the Queen’s Bench, 
Division on October 4, 1985 
that the defendants, Nicholas 
and John Papanicolaou, be 
granted stays of execution of 
judgments entered against them. 

Mr Nicholas Phillips. QC and 
Mr Bernard Eder for the bank; 
Mr David R- N. Hum for the 

giving the reasons of the court, 
said Mr Justice Evans gave 
summary judgment under Or- 
der 14, rule 3 of the Rules of the 
Supreme Coun in favour of the 
bank in three actions brought 
against the two defendants, the 
personal guarantors of the in- 
debtedness of the principal debt- 

ors under three loan agreements. 
As additional security for those 
loans the bank had mortgages of 
vessels owned by the borrowers. 

It was not disputed that the 
amounts for which the judge 
gave summary judgment were 
properly due from the defen- 
dants. However, the judge held 
that the defendants had arguable 
cross-claims against tbe bank for 
damages in negligence in carry- 
ing out its duties as mortgagee. 

Although such cross-claims 
were no answer to the bank’s 
application under Order 14, the 
judge nevertheless held .that the 
defendants were entitled to stays 
of execution in respect of the 
whole or part of the judgments 
given against them. The bank 
now sought a removal of those 

In Nova (Jersey) Knit Lid v 
TCammzam Spinnerei GmbH 
([19771 I WLR 713). a case of a 
defendant’s application for a 
stay of proceedings on 
dishonoured bills of exchange. 
Viscount Dilhorne said that it 
could seldom, rif right to 
allow a cross-claim to operate as 
a har to execution. 

Similar approaches had been 
adopted in Moniecchi v Shimco 
(UK)Ud ([ 19791 1 WLR 1180). 
Cebora SNC v SIP Industrial 
Products Ltd ([1976] I Lloyd’s 
Rep 271) by the House of Lords 
in Aries Tanker Corporation v 
Total Transport Ltd ([1977] 1 
WLR 1 85) and most recently by 
the Court of Appeal in iniraeo 
Ud v Notis Shipping Corpora- 
tion ([1981] 2 Lloyd’s Rep 256). 

The purpose of a guarantee 
was to ensure immediate pay- 
ment if the principal debtor did 
not pay. The parties here had 

specifically provided that pay- 
ment should be made free of any 
set-off or counterclaim. 

It would defeat the whole 
commercial purpose of the 
transaction, would be out of 
touch with business realitiesand 
would keep the bank waiting for 
a payment, which both the 
borrowers and the guarantors 
intended that it should have, 
while protracted proceedings on 
the alleged counterclaims were 

Doubtless the court had a 
discretion to grant a stay but it 
should be tardy, if ever, ex- 
ercised. Guarantees such as 
these were the equivalent of 
letters of credit and only in 
exceptional circumstances 
should the court exercise such a 

The feet that a counterclaim 
was likely to succeed would not 
of itself be enough. It might be 
that the existence of such a 
counterclaim coupled- with co- 
gent evidence that the bank 
would, if paid, be unable to meet 
a judgment on the counterclaim 
would suffice, but nothing of 
that nature arose here. 

The judge had placed reliance 
on the defendants’ alleged eq- 
uitable rights over a vessel held 
by the bank and the potential 
inequity of permitting the bank 
to execute judgments totalling 
$1 7m and at the same time 
keeping an asset that might be 
worth SlOm. Those particular 
grounds had now disappeared 
and The court was tree to 
exercise its own discretion. 

Solicitors: Watson Farley &. 
Williams: Dibb Lupton & Go. 

When evidence can be videotaped 

J. Barber & Son t Lloyd’s 
Underwriters and Others 
Before Mr Justice Evans 
[Judgment given April 3] 

The recording on videotape of 
evidence given in English courts 
was not permitted by the rules of 
procedure but the recording of 
evidence given outside court 
was not necessarily limited to 
the permitted methods of 
recording proceedings in coun. 

Therefore, a request by a 
foreign court under the Ev- 
idence (Proceedings in Other 
Jurisdictions) Act 1975 for such 
an examination of witnesses in 
England to be recorded on 
videotape for. use in the foreign 
court should be acceded to 
because it was not inconsistent 
with English procedures. 

Mr Justice Evans so stated in 
a Queen’s Bench chambers judg- 
ment, released for publication 
with his Lordship’s consent. 

The plaintiffs. J. Barber & 
Son, had brought an action in 
the United States against the 
defendants, Lloyd’s Under- 

On February 26, 1986 tbe 
plaintiff; had obtained an ex 
parte order from Mr Justice 
Orion for the appointment of an 
examiner to take ihe depositions 
of four named persons who were 
defendants in that action and for 
the examination to be recorded 
on videotape. The judge granted 
the order sought and the four 
defendants applied to Mr Jus- 
tice Evans for the order to be 
discharged or varied. 

Miss Alison Green for the 
first, second and third defen- 
dants; Mr Dominic Kendrick 

for the fourth defendant: Mr 
Mark Hoyle for the plaintiffs. 

that the question was whether 
the examination should be re- 
corded on videotape. The prac- 
tice of the Californian court was 
to permit such video-recording 
provided certain safeguards 
were observed. 

Examination of witnesses in 
England should follow English 
procedures. If a request was 
made by a foreign coun as to a 
particular manner for taking 
depositions, that majmer should 
be employed within certain 

The limits for consideration 
were first, whether what was 
proposed was so contrary to 
English procedures that it 
should not be permitted; and 
second, whether as an exercise 
of discretion an order should be 

Two things were clear 

1 Video-recording of evidence 
given in English courts was not 
permitted. There was statutory 
recognition of tape recordings. 
The taking of photographs in 
court was banned. 

2 At the other extreme, evidence 
in the form of tape recordings 
and video-recordings was car 
pable of admission in English 
courts, just as photographs were 
commonly admitted. . ' 

The present situation was an 
intermediate .•one. What was 
sought was. video-taping outside 
a court, and it was proposed that 
the videotape should be avail- 
able' to the court itself 
-■ It was clearly something dif- 
ferent from recording proceed- 

ings in the court itself and in tbe 
present day and age h was an 
appropriate method of record- 
ing evidence even if it was 
supplementary to a written tran- 

What had to be decided was 
whether it should be refused on 
the basis that tbe method was so 
contrary to English procedure 
that the request should not be 
acceded ta 

ln his lordship’ s limited 
experience video-recordings bad 
been used to record evidence 
given on commission for use in 
the English courts. His Lordship 
could not see that such a use of 
video-recordings was inconsis- 
tent with English procedures. 

Proceedings _ involving 
examination of witnesses out- 
side court were not necessarily 
limited to tbe permitted meth- 
ods of recording proceedings in 
court. The request by the 
Californian court was not in- 
consistent with the English 

As to discretion, the defen- 
dants claimed that the presence 
ofa camera would oppress them 
and cause additional stress. 

The^lefendaius were Lloyd's 
Underwriters. There was no 
evidence that they were not in 
good health or that they were 
subject to personal disability. 

The value and convenience of 
video-taping the proceedings far 
outweighed the other matters. 
His Lordship would not vary 
the order to delete the reference 
to video-taping. 

Solicitors: Barlow Lyde & 
Gilbert; Hewitt Woollacon & 
Chowm Simon Olswang & Co. 

Order made without jurisdiction 

In re John T. Rhodes Ltd, Ex 
parte Hayward 

An order under Order 13. rule 
2 or Order 16 of the County 
Court Rules 1931 for the trans- 
fer of proceedings from one 
county court to another could be 
made only by a judge or 

It followed that such an order 
purportedly made by an officer 
in the chief clerk’s department 
of the transferring court was a 
nullity and that the court to 
which the proceedings had 
purportedly thereby been trans- 
ferred had no jurisdiction to 
deal with them. ■ 

The Court of Appeal (Lord 

Justice May and Mr Justice 
Hollings) so held on July 14. 
allowing an appeal by the ap- 
plicant. Mr Richard Hayward, 
from a refusal of Coventry 
County Court (Judge John Wil- 
son) on January 28. 1985 to 
discharge an order made by Mr 
Registrar Kendrick in that 
court, granting the liquidator of 
the company. John T. Rhodes 
Ltd. liberty to examine the 
applicant to under section 268 
of the Companies Act 1 948. 

An order purporting to trans- 
fer the proceedings mam War- 
wick County Court to Coventry 
County Court had been made by 
an officer. of the fotmer court 
over the facsimile signature of 
its chief cleric. 

that ihe appeal had no merit 
whatsoever and was purely tech- 
nical. However in Order 13. rule 
2 and Order 16. rules 1 and 4 of 
the 1981 Rules a clear distinc- 
tion was drawn between the 
function of the judge and reg- 
istrar on the one hand, who 
alone could order transfer, and 
that of the proper officer on the 
other, whose duty it was to 
notify the parties and the receiv- 
ing court of the transfer. 

In this case a judicial dis- 
cretion had purportedly been 
exercised by a person who had 
no jurisdiction to do. Thai was 
not a mere irregularity which 
could be cured under Order 37, 
rule 5 of the 1981 Rules. 



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Tfie following Tripos examina- 
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Chur H J Chapman. Crao&Mi S and 
’es: J P A Charleaworth unv 

Magd: J C Hunter. Peter Symonds C 
and Qu 

A M B Hurrell. Gordonstoun 

Wakefield and Joh; MJ Brantle y urn 
Manchester CS and Oa: AJ BrM«t 
tmi. Newstead Wood GUIs Sch. 
Orpington awl Je- M E Bnry lmV 
Chursion >3S and Qinsl s. C y 
Browser. St Cyres Cornu Sch. Penarth 
and Trtn: A R Brewster imV 
hfleMs Sch. MaUocK and Chrurt s: 

i> W Brownfield on>. ^Davenant 
Foundations Sch. Loughton and 
Down: R L Bull. Dim or Langton Girte 

Sen and Chnsl v J A Cameiittr mg. 
Si Albans Girts Schand Tr H; H M 
Cheah 1 mV Hwa Chons Junto: C. 
Singapore and Pemb: 1 JOB (mV 
Newport Free GS and POTb^ C P 
Cracknel! .ml. Ampl eforth .C a nd 
Pemb: W R L Cresswell. Mendian 

Sc hi.-R ovstpii and'sidT S imL 

Colli am GS. BriSUM and Oirtsfs: B A 

Degnan. FramweUoale Moors_Corn p 
Sch. Durtiam and Tnit G B M N du 

Pare Braham unt. VercbanI Taylors 
Srh. Worth wood and Pemb: D M 

Sch. North wood and Pemb; 

Eiera uni. Portsmouth GS and Qu: 

M Flshpool (mV p^rt ford Boys CS “ ~ 
Joh: L E Fountain imv Nortnamwoo 

and Qu: A M B 

Sand Rob: J _ 

Girls S- Manchester and Newjr N .. 
Jackson. FVndoune Comp S. Durham 
and Christ's: A Jacobs mu Lewes 
Priory S and Cam: T A James. 
Folkestone Ctrls S and CJa: H 

GUIs' GS_and New A H?°^ a Rym! 

«5«w;A s Ryder 

Sabharwai Imi ' Buchan S.*teM^nd 

Hltchln s and JMk A D_ Jdtm;. 
Oakham S and Selw: M Johns (mV SI 
Raurs S. London and TOn? T M 


and GhUon: 3 ^ C KraUno t .imV 
Gddafmfng C and SKU R J Keen. 
Mortimer WUsot Comp S. AUreion 
and ntzw.- 8 Kelly. Trent C and Sefw: 
R- M KocikoL Latymer Upper S. 
London and Cat; D Koyww, Harrow 
S and Down: C R Lawson. HlUs Road 

s&jnaskmM « 

and Rob; 9 M Loader. Taytet ack S and 
jes R J Lubienakl. I sleworUi and 
sycn s and Qu: A OM®. Hun mi 
Preston and Qu: D J Martyn. F 
House s. Gosport and Selw: A 
Maswi. Desw 

and Cadt L M . 

and Cta; S E Meins. Klim George 
Comp 8. South Shields amf Cadi: C 

Jariwala (mV King Edward V] S 
Southampton and Cal: M 8 
Jayaweera. ettanniag S. London and 
Newn: N S Jefferies (mV Leys S. 
Cambridge and Joh: P J Jewsbury 
(ml. Biricenhead S and ClK 1 C D 
Johnston. Edinburgh Acad and 
Qrron: A J Jones. Ho write S- Denbigh 
and Selw;, a N Jones tmV Ormsklrk 

and N 
parbeclt A Ware ham and 

v Pun*!* A Warehare and 
.A Sayner. Wotveriey HS. 
KMdennJnster and New H: p 8coO. 

GS and Giitbn; C T Jones. HUenwm 
c and Jes: C w Jones. Ysgoi dan 
Owyd. st Asaph and Orton: K a 
J ones. Lampeter Sec S and_New H: S 
C Jones mu. William Parker S. 
Hastings and Sciw; k S June (mV 
NotUng Min and Ealing HS and Jes: K 
M Jupp (mV Prince Williams S. 
Oundle and Down: B CKaner (mV St 
Peter’s S. York and Pemb: ANY 

Shabl. King's 8. Chester and 
Sharpe I mV Drtffleld S and 

and Trtn: T J Shorrock (mV 
Seven (»ksS and Trim G P Shrimpton 
onJ. Watford Boys GS and Qu-. i r 
S lmm (mi. Harrogate GS and Joh: A 
M Sirmon (mv KStrADTmd 
QAKBStalia (mV White .Hart Lane 8 
London and Chun N C 
PelefborouOh and K _ 

Smith. Berkfwmsted S and Clrton: □ 
MSmlHvGItotgte Comp S. Durham 
and Ginon: G P Smith, sir wtmam 
wj Cal: M C Smith (ml 

st CtarMopher S. Letetiwarth and 
Ne wn: P J .Solomon imv Merchant 
Taylors S- Nortbwood ana Emma: W 
E L Souier. Oeont Watsons C 
Edlnburjih and Emma: S H Spear. 
Simon Balle S. Henford and Churt A 
P Spono . HWi Wycombe RGS and 
Sriw; R M Sprapg. Luton SFC and 

Flttw: M A Spring. CTtnwr" ~ 

Noninaham and Joh: C P 
Fristed S and Magd: 

Kaye tmv Haberdashers Ashe's Boys 
STEtstree and cta; S L Ketr. Caidew S. 

Carlisle and Trtn; J R Kemp. Sr 
Edwards C. Liverpool and Pet M Kerr 

HS and Christ's: M E Fox. Folkestone 
Girls Srh and pemb: " 

Girls Srh and pemb: G P Francis unv 
Acklam SFC. MlddleSwoujdi and 
Emma: P J Francis [mi. Tlfffn Boys 
Sch and CaUi: JAG Fmnesa i ml. 
Marling Sch. Stroud and Down: ITS 
Garrert. Winchester C and Joh: J M 
— een imi. Wmimlnsfcr Sch and Tr H: 
^ Haley uni. KnjgfKs Tttnpiar Srh. 
Baldock ana Christ s, ATR Han iml. 
Coveniry sSi and Tr H: R J Hall imv 

S ig Edwards Sch. Blrmlngham and 
lin J R Hab-ill iml B ram or q Boys 
gs and Tr H: S K Harris. Cheilenhani 

LMlies C and Cal: J Hart imv Shekton 
Sch. Chippenham and Newn: w A 
Hart. Worth I no SFC and Rob: M R 

S eal (ml. Taunton Sch and Christ ■« M 
Hickman. King EdwanS vj sch 
Southampton and Trin: S JHIUler 
(m). Southend Boys HS and Joh: R j 
Hodgson imi. OrmsMrfc GS and Chur: 
C M Hoo. Hwa Chong Junior G 
Singapore and Girt on; p N Hunt. King 
trtward Camp HU1 Boys Sch and 
Pemb; N H Keen rmi. Exmouth 
Community C and Cta: AH Kilpatrick 
(ml. Joraanthorpe Sch. Sheffield and 
Christ's: D M Ktrkham mil. Leek HS 
and Cta: □ M Knowles iml. 
Bea minster Sch and Cath: P R Land 
iml. Bradford Boys CS and Emma: L 
R Lazarus. South Hampstead HS and 
Qu: P J Vegg (ml. NewcasUe upon 
Tyube RGS and Down: W H 
Vockortsh *mi. Nethertiail S. Cam- 
nge and Trtn: D A low imv 
red Heart C. New Zealand and 
v«rp: M J G Lowe imv Marlborough C 
and Tr H: D J D MacDouratl iml. 
Marlborough C and Qu: D J C 
Mar Kay um. Newcastle under Lyme S 
'nd Trin: T J Marrow imv Wtrral 
lays Co GS and cu. A J ktexdrid. 
Oueensbury S. Dunstabieand OhrWtej 
KS J McDonald (mi. Onnsktric GS 
and Corp: R S McIntosh, bkrwcasue 
Upon Tyne RGS and Rob; A J M 
Miliar. European S or Luxemburg and 
Cal: p G Miller im). Nicholas 
Breakspeor R C S. St Albans and 

' sge (mV Magdalen C 

9 : L N Mtnresl (nil. 

Ac^d~^Ad~ Qu: 2~_M OgigiadoSSS 
mi. wood ho use SFC. London and 
ffln.' P R Clark imL Truro S and C^l; 
□ R Clarke (ml. Porthcawl Co Comp S 
and Cath: H M S Clarke. St Mary s 
Convent S. Ascot and New Hi J A 
Clarke. Dr Chalkmers HS aiM Newn: 
J M Clayton. Dulwich C and Joh: D 
Clements. Bar up and Rawtenstall <g 
and Chrises: C WG ddfbrt (mV Sr 
Pauls S and Pemn: J M CUnch- 
Stantonnury Campus and Bridgewater 
Hall S. Milton Keynes and Hew: P K 
dyrno. Dr Chailoners HS and Newn: 
A B J Cote. St George's S. Harpenden 
and Selw: N A F Cino Im). Rrigaie GS 

Oxford HS and^SKL M_c Ktri^ 

(mV Povnton Co HS and Trtn: J E 
KersUke imV PtymouihC and Conn G 

J B Kidd (mV Si Paul's S and Qu: 

W Kiln imi. Malvern C and da: . _ 
Kite (mV Blatchlngton MID S. Hove 
and King's: D Kiumer (mV Hymen a 
Hull and now: W M Laktlaw imv 
Quarry Bank Comp S. LIverpcxil and 
Jes: A J Lake. & Davids and St 
Katharine & London and Chur: c M 

Laurie. Putney HS and Newn: 
Lavender imj. 

S. Nicosia and Corp: R E Cooke. 
Bryanstan S and les: A_J Cpopeti 
Eothern S. Catertvare and New H: I T 
cooper. Trent C and M«d: M J 
Courtney imV HUb Rd SFC. Cam 
bridge and Chur: 8 L E Cramnwrs 
hnbertwrne S. East Grtnstead and Qu 

bridge and^h— 

Imberhome S. East Grtnstead and Oil 
SRC Crisp. Bacon and RawtenstaU 
CS and fl&w: p J Gropk im). 
Wolverhampton GS and Christ's: D R 
Croouc imv Whltgill S. Croydon and 
Tr H:J R J Crump um. King Edwards 
S. Bath and Pet: 1J Cunningham (mV 
Merctnston Castle S. Ehinburoh and 
SWJ: L V S Daniels (mV St Pauls Girte 
S and Sid: G Davies. Commonwealth 

Lavender uni. 

Bridgend and King's; A Lawrence. 
Mary Ersklne S. Edinburgh and 
Pemb: C J Leach. Dundee HS and 
Selw: CS Lee. Exeter C and New H: A 
J Lewis. Wyggeston and -Queen 
Elizabeth I. Leicester and Sid; A C 
Lewis® San. Wimbledon HS and 
Christ's: J A Lind iml. Malbank S and 
Chur: G Ucwiiyn. wycuffe C and Jes: 
A M Lomax (m). Bury Boys CS anbd 
Christ's; G J Lowe (Tty. King Edwards 
S. Birmingham and Corp . K Lucvk 
(mV Solihull SFC and Chur: J A 
L union imv Danfort; Boys GS and Tr 
H: A M Luxmoore Unv Ivybridge 
Community C. Devon and Jolt: A S 

_ _rw HF rurminmairi- 9 J-K 


Butt HS- si rt Ci C OT , ■ ■ 
Ski: J KStreeL 

p5™Srter. Laty ngr & 

Behenna._ r*c wake. 

Manche^er £ 




Cass ks'M R„ 

Musir. Jex M 

astST-wS srrrTfl 

PearsonTst Mkyl CoovmL /ucol 
R ob: p N Smith. Epsom C. Cath. 


Geraan ; 

Gtoaa tJE Baer. Dr anauonerts CS- 
jm j “m Bates. Queen Elizabeth HS- 

Out 2 (NvUieu * C A Arthur. Si 
Albans GS. King's: C M^Blrken. 
Acktem SFC, Emm; D F Brea. 
Robert Pattlnson comp S. Lincoln. 
Pemb: H E Brawn, SherbonM Q8. 
Westminster -Rism Ltd. Newn: ^ 
Carter. Sir wniiam Peridra 

Swa/§* caM}%^inahSrL Christ 
E DaunL Wycombe Amy S. Cattu.. 
L Datey. BroXbourneS. Newn: J do la 
Hvmiy. st Pa ul ’s s. twk k Dunham. 


Norfolk SFC. 

*U» C. Tavt . 

-en. Sussex univ. Newn; 

lar. Si Helens S. North wood. 

Murphy. St Maura convent 9 , 
ridge. Jotu SFM Pearson, st 
OonvenL' Aswc. Rob: P n 
M anchester GS. Rob: A M 
nng. WestchTf Boors HS. Qu. 

OMt 2 (MefaJou to S J Brads'. 
SpetthorneC. Cal: H K Brighl-Hobnes. 
"u>d S, London. CMrtOA' A 



Jes; C Irwin. East 

P r 

MS- sTOa: A J JMMO. Hab«asher® 

McOetend. Brbtci CS^NeWic b J 
Afiraoeff. ST Rauite S. ftob, ■ 

Oats . 3: None- . 

MM: -G " A 1 ' taycock. . 

BTTrtOL .<& A L Low. 

a^aw^AodL Selw." D J MacKay. 


& Btr- 


Sid: S D Mimnery imv Watford gs 
M» d T>ln: O P Norrte. Quern 
EltzabeUi's S. Fayeraham amt Cat A T 
pickup- TMTln Girts S and Newiu R C 
Platts. Chureft HS. Newcastle upon 
TYne and New H: OG Pollard. Settle 
HS and Pemb: P C Price. 

Acad and Ginon: C A Roc 
HSU S. London and Obion: .- - - T -^- 
Kingswood A AaHji and JoIk J A 
Russell. Bury Chris G6 a nd Clrtoru M 
C Seager. CUy ot London Freemen US 
and SkL C J Sharpe. Leette GS ami 
Girt on: A M Siaw. wpsgn's S. 
Walllngton and Si: A P CSUaman. 
Dr Maurice Cure S. Mauritius and 
New H: P E SJomsid (mV Godalndng C 
iraj Down; M J Smith (mi WDUam 


King Edward 
Down; M_C 
m. e,|-ae|i J H CUlld. 

HvuUey. NotUi 
HSS^COdsaU irf 

^^GSiesion. Kbm's: K E 

North London Ceglate S- Enuna. 
rSraM: ^Worcester. Ginon: 

nSSwai * _ c A Wotxfe; 

Shrewsbury 8. Qu. 


: A Cullen. 

Jolu- J M 

Edwards GHS. Btr- 

. Modern Greek 
Rut l! None. 

Oast } divisionl: JNictioticn. HowHh 
Cardiff, ctae. 

Ctees 2 iNvWsn is K S Briscoe. Kino 

' Edward id camp HUL K -Chur, 

ct»M to Hone- 


Ctsss b None. 

i- ; 

Class ■ 8 dddM li i «. Newby. 
Westminster Tutor! LUL C3a: 8 VLC 
Prior Pursgiove p. Oeveuna. 

Ctasa 8 dMakm to P G Evans. 

Oasa 8 dhrt afc w t 
Tonbridge 8. PembL 
Clam to None- . 

v.^-- ' -■*> 't- 

fit 1 - ! . I'i ■ 

MrOrthy St Paul's S. London. Trtn: 

r£^:, ; 

(in). Haywards H?ath" 

Stretch imV 
and Down: 


* RGS and Churi w”J' Swan. 
C and CorpLl R R Taflan (mv 

Clhr oFLondon Freemans S and Rob; 
J D Tench 1 — 

J D Tench im). Dr ' 

Cal: D B B Thoi 

Leathertiead and Trin: H M 8 Ttiomas 
unv Manchester GS and joh: M 
Thomson. Wolfreton . Upper S. 
Klrkefla and Jes: a K C TRnzarwa. 
tmi. British S of Brussels and Fltzw: G 

_ faylor. Heber Co HS- Malpas and 

Ha*sr-srif £*&%&££ 

Comp S- Doncaster and 

Thorpe. W R Toson C. 

Preston and Joh; P J Toiungcon imv 
wyggeston and Queen Euzabethic. 
LeicSfer mid Down; S J Trad. 

w ™ - ....Adiand. Bristol 

MwSw7_St Mauris Convent 
TOTtora T S. J NoJ^S^^C^TJ: 

, &J~3SS£g- E T“i 

Ctoit it J M Bates. Queen Ottab«b 

ft*'"... 1 : v 

aBssstfr» gSTSMsa 

kSnchesrer^- Oiilstte: LPitteway 
Hampton GS. 

ons tmi. Christ's V C. Finchley and 
j MacKeith unv Souttimoor 

Sen HS. Swindon and Magd: A P 
Davis. Hlghgate S and Rob: I M Davts 
iml. Cranbrook S and 

. ima. 1 D J MacKeith <mv Souihmoor 
S. Sunderland and Tr H: R J 
Mackenzie. RKRarH Hale S. HertTord 
and Sefw: R L Markman. Garfonh 
Comp S. Leeds and Jes: T M 

St Dunstante C. London and _ 
vtckers. Halleybury C and Girt on. - _ 
Walne. Marlborough C and Down: C 
p R Walker. Manchester GS and Rob: 

Hampton G§T Qu: L J ^fVjra. 
uaiieybury C- Chur: V - Radley. 
CMamStort Co HS. Selw K E- Randle. . 
Hull CMS. Emma: 

Winchester C- Trin: 

imv Cranbrook S and Magd: M J de 
□eua Silva. Barnard Castle s and 
Trtn: E C de Waal (hi). Westminster S 
and Pemb: J M J Deny. Oakham S 
and Pemb: K CHKdakla tm>. Ptmuco S 
and Chur: T A Dlnoemam. Kent C 
and Trtn: C E Dingle. Wng Edward vi 
Camp HU1 Glris S and New H: M 
Dobie. International S of Geneva and 
Gal: A R Dodsworth tmV Boston G6 
and Cath: a j Dot*. Aitwood s and 
Chur E J Donaldson. Charterhouse 
and Qu: S J Doran im). Exeter 5 and 

Macpheraon. Newcastle under Lyme S 

and Newn: J D Maitny. Queen Mary's 
C. Basingstoke and Emma. D S 
Manson. FOugtes Acad. Glasgow and 
Job: J E Markov. Lewes Prior S and 
Emma: K J Marks (mV Kingsbury HS 
and Sid: T 1 Matkns. Thomas 
Pegcocke Upper S. Rye and Down: A 
j Matthews (mv Aisager Comp S. 
stoke and Fltzw: S Mayes. Ward 
Freeman S. BunUngford and Magd: N 
D May hew imv^Longdean & Heme) 

and GUton; G P Towler uni. Lady 
Lumfeys S. PKkering and Gfirtst'a: A 
L Tribe. North London CegUle S and 

Oa; T J TUflon. Klim S. Worcester 

and Cta: j C Vangen. Beaconsfleld MS 
and Newn: M J Vtenhega 
S and Trin: J P A Varley. 

Glris HS and Cta: D P 

John ihe Baptist RC 
Cat R W Robson. AflHI 
Roussopoulos. Baryanatona 
Rudnun. Bury (S. P emb: M 
High Wycombe RGS. JrttV J 
Dulwich C- Cta: C W S mithg 
GS. KltM-S. P F StOW, PM 
C. aa. /strong. Durham] 
Swan. Harrow S- Trtn:| 

j M Wall, lynun Co HSaml Robe A w 
weisz imk Lanring C and Trtn: P S 

WhlUcy. St Georgete Gfrts S Edin- 

burgh and Flizw: S M WUllaira. 
Rosebery Co S. Epsom and N ew H: C 
E wnson- Cedars S- Leighton Btramd 
and Ne H: C J Woodford. Forest of 

Aylesbury GS and Magd 
Lancing c and Selw: s . 

Roedean S and Cah 1 A W 

hersey Glris C and Corp; M Wallers 
<m). Eastbourne C and Christ's: P B w 
Walters. Hcveraham CS and Trtn: J G 
wantess un). St Raurs S. London and 

Watsons C. 



Latkc. European S- Bnlsseis, Trin. A 

Down: T J Muhoncn. Mercnant 
TaykH»- S. Nortbwood. Cal: LC 
Myirs. North London Oegrete S -_T rin : 
M C C Nddder.'VBncftew^tM. Pmnte 

0 S” 


Ceglate S. 
I ll ml 

HUH Rd SFC. Cambridge. King's. 

S> •• 55^.: 

Y Sansburv. Ktoo Edwante QMS. 
Binrungham. Newiu J A S*oaii| 

SL Flizw: A C — .. „ 
Newn: P-M EngeOiart. 

Amuv|. — “ * ■■ " — — 

Down: — * 

bant GHS. . 
MaidsUiae GGs. 


nds C- Cla; 

Job: C W Smitb. S . 
riff stow. Peter 

KhwEdwards S. ‘ 

M T«lin«- westdtff 



Chur: A J Ward Im). Limavady GS 
and Chur: A M Watson Un). South 
Part SFC. Middlesbrough and King's: 
N Watson. Blaydon Comp S and Cath: 
A L Watts (mV Tormead S. Guddford 
and Cta: P M Webber. Guddford Co S 
and Magd: L J West. Woodway park 
S. Coventry and Chur: N j While. 

wrawuoo no- dvuiuii cum 

M Woodrow im). Birkenhead S and 
Qu. J P L Woolf. St Paul's S. Londf- 
and Selw: A D Woosey. Stockport „ 
and Flizw: p A Weems. C Jean xxm. 
Brussels. Briglum and Cora: C F 
Wynn. St Edward's C. Liverpool am 



Hempstead and Christ's 

Corp; R S Dunn. Hlghgaie S and Qtu 
D P Eagles <m). Worthing SFC and 
Job: M J Eames. King Edward vn C. 
Goal vide and Rob: CM Eddteon.imV 

Chur: G □ M 
Oxford and 

Eddison (mV 

ChtqweU S and 
Walford Boys 

a. r H Mo ring (mV 

_S and sid: m p 

Murray Threipiand imv univ C S. 
■ ondon and Qu; B G A Noimand (mV 
tsgow HS and Chur: J E Parkinson, 
etmsforo C of FE and Chur: C T 
(teitgefl (mi. Dame Alter Owens 5. 

sis? sa,'ife I 2s , ’ : sa^ , "rt 

Pitgrem um. Manshead S Luton and 

Ashford S and Cath: G S EUanL 
Woodway Park & Coventry . and 

Chur: N E Elite fm). Araibishop 
Hoi gales GS and_8elw: S J Evans. 
Oxford KS and Cath: 1 J Faulkner, 

.... Methodist c Belfast and 

Rob: P J Loughlln (mv King's S. 
Chester and Tr H: S C McNally fin), si 
George's a Weybrtdge and Sid: S J 
McQuay. Uplon by Chester Co HS and 
Newn: C I Meldrum (mV South 
SFC. Middlesbrough and Rob: 
Michaels imi Univ C S. London and 

Girton; A Yamamoto. Htghdare Girts 
S. Sutton Goldfield and (few H: w D 
Ymu^i^Qucen Elizabeth S. Mansfield 

Declared a ham dasenred honours: R M 

Organ. Pontypol C of FE and Emma. 

granted an a t kn wn ce towards the 

Wyggeston and Queen Elizabeth I C. 
Leicester and CaQt: S T Whiteside (mV 
Perse S. Cambridge and Trin: D A 
Whittle (mV Bolton S and Fltzw: D 
Wllcock. Blngley CS and Down: J F 
Wild im). winchester C and Down: A 
J E william (m). King Edwards S. 
Birmingham and tang's: C E M 
Williams, st Francis C. Letchworth 
Fltzw:- K A Williams (mv West 
arts GS and Qu.- L C Willis <m>. 
Md & Balh and Newn: P M E 

L Winchester C and Ginon: A 

M .WUmore. Springwood HS- King's 
Lynn and Qu: D f WDson. Sullivan 
S and Jes: I E Wilson (m 
HS and Joh; N wnson (m 
C. Preston and Chun J R 
Winchester (mv Latymer Upper S. 
London and Emma: A M Wood. 
SUverdale S, Sheffield and Fltzw: J T 
Woodfln. King Edwards S. Bath and 
Selw: J R Wooldridge tm). Tonbridge 
s and Pemb: D I Woo I bouse (mv Kings 

S. NewH 

ebtrerseiw: « p w 

Christ's Hospital S. Horsham. . 

B Wind us. Si PauTs S- London. Jo tu a 
j Woodcock. Nottingham its. Cal: A E 
Woodhouse. Retgate Gs. Pet: K L 
YlrrelL Red land HS. BriaoL Emma. 

Pass 3 DMdM to J Allteoo. Whn 
Down; H E £.- 

James. Khanesooraygh. Down; HE L 
- tC^ A~ aakhW TSL Habenfashera Astete 

... _ ■S'. Shh A L 

Tate. ChtedtoHuimeCo h®, ojej m 
E Ward. St Mary's OonvenL-Shana- 
Nfw KAJ WKf. Mrchende 

1 : 8 P WUllaira. WettoCath ‘ 

THU. ;t r . ” - - 

.‘Y- -r-.: " 
3?" *”z «■; C - . 6 - *- 

jJRit 1 ' ,.T,-- In 

©sfi"*-’- ’ " 

Ctasa to. - 

v M Ttxker. -HOweBs 

New H: D L Whlltnn. _ _ 


■ • - •. > • .-i 1 

.Spsuusb • •;-sj y. ~ • 

Cttss I: W L L-EdeitOn. Eton. Trtn; N 
A Modetu- StsteSna- G&.'-JOtc, J R 
Silver. DulwlOi C. Qa: A C A Wood*. 
Shrewsbury Qu. • 

Benson. Queen EUzabeth GS. Wake- 
field, True J Branson, impington vm 


cress 3 dMskm to H E L-reou. st 
' - ~ Newn: H M 

Mary's S. Cam 
Atherton. Hayes. 

Newn: H 

Bath. NewH: 

M R Bridwln. MinW^Lortoo^ 

Westminster aty S and Joh: M P B 

Joh: G D MUlar im>. Queen Elizabeth's 
GS. Blackburn and Magd: M W B 
~ CS and Oa: B 

Fautley un). Fristed S and Trin: R B 
Findlay. Marlborough C and (es; R P 

Eton C and Trin: 

Lawnswood S. I 

and Selw; G G Fraser. Pangtooume 
Reading and Gath: G M Fraser. Perse 
Girts 5. Cambridge and Rob: D J 
Freeman (mV Sutton Manor Boys HS 
and Qu: R C Freeman (mV Hampton S 
and Tr H: L Frost imv Prices C. 
Fareham and Fareham C and ChrtHI 
=■ E Full On. Ennteklllen 
rtefs: J M Garbu 
Bishop Auckk 
81 Audio 

md and 

ic beater C and Tech and 

«. Commonweal Sen I 

and Cnur: s P Gilroy (mi 
and Joh: W T Ginn tmV 
Acad and pet E J < 

Corn: A J Puptett tmv Weymouth C 
an« rnmi- D Pue imi Ofoifa Comb 

and Emma: R Pye 
S. Swansea and 
Alun S Mold 

A J Read (m). 

..jbinson tm). Kli 
Jes: D E Rourice (f 
Joh: 1 D W Samuel (ml 
Wimbledon and Cal: 

sLf andG,rto 

M J Reeves (mi. 
Trin: O R T 
. Chester and 


tmv Raffl 

Down: A 
Matlock and 
King Edw 
Christ's: A 
Cora: A 

U ■ nMmu mvv 

rmingham and 
im). sPauite S 

_ James 
tew: C M 
Glris S. 
k Giles. 

Ohrid's mS = CTHM's 
( mi. Davenant Fo 
' ugh I 011 and Corp: 

anbrook s and New 

Christ's: A M Greene 
si Ion S. 

MUlar tmv Portsmouth GS and Cta: 8 
E Miller. Malbank S. Nantwlch and 
Cath: L M Miller. Burgess Hill S and 
' ' ' “ Mills imTsutton Girts 

E Mitchell. St Catherine 

and New H: C E 

...Itcheimone. Taunton S and Cain: T 

C. Mauritius and Down: K D Mortis 
(ml. Prior Pursgiove C- Cleveland and 
Chru; A D Morrison. -Bede S. 
Sunderland and Clrton: T j Mon. 

irih Boys S. Barnet and 
urphy. st Robert of 

... s. Washington and 

King's S L Ness. Bournemouth S and 
Down: A T Newbiggl 
Whitehaven S and Mac 
s care 
Y Ng 1 

OnttHary BA Desrea: P A F Vogt 
1 Biology of Cells). Oakham S and 

Modern and Medieval 
Languages Parti 

King's J K Baxter. Bishop's Hatfield 
GS. New HSCCB Beck. St Helens 
S- North wood- Rob: J Branson, 
impington Village C. Cambridge. 
Char: U. K Brown. North Devon C. 
Barnstaple. Fltzw: A S Burns. West- 
minster S- South Hampstead HS. 

Cath: N D Carrington. Taunton S. Jes: 
R W CarroiL Tonbridge S- COT JR 
Chatbum. Magdalen C'S. Oxford. 
Girtorc k J Clarke. Ateager Comp S. 
Stoke. Fltzw: L A Clarke. NotreDune 
HS. Norwich. Newn: R Oartae. 
Princess Helena C. HI (chin. Girton : L 
C cun on. Beaconsfleld iCf PK N H 
crebbtn. Birkenhead S. Cal: A Cullen, 
camera S. Colchester. Joh:. P A 
Darbyshlre. St John Rigby RC SFC. 
Wigan. Sid; R M Davies. Ofcht 
S. Swansea. Girton: J de la H 
Paul's S. London. Trin; J A . _ 
weather. Calertmm S- Trtn: K Field 
Ing. Kings S. Worcester. Rob: A P 
Finch. Queen EUzabeth Os wakeQeld. 


Cress 1: None. 

Class 1 jfdhrtsion 1): S M E Bull. St 
Paul's C®. London. Tr H. 

Class 3 (tavtston 2): A E Worden. 
Nelson. Colne C. Joh. 

Ctass to None. 

Classical Creek 
Class t: None. 

Class 3 CdMrion fj: None. 

Cress 3 OMdos t):JE Sehlemann. St 

and Otrtsfs: A M Wrigh 
C. Ashford and New H: , 

Wrighi fm). Alieynes S and Chun R 
_ Yard. Limavady GS and Ginon; G 
Yeung fm 

Paul's GS. London. Selw. 
Class to None. 

rd S and Qu: R M 
is c. Henley on 

Classical Latin 

Chetmsford. Cam: K L Griffin. Stroud 
GHS. Girton: S Harris. AJcester Os. 
' " Edwards CHS. 

■ nil: >•• r . UIWT IRI). 

HaUield Ctrls S and Newn:_ .^ „ 
Fracate Charles 

King Edward v) S. 

iml. Folkestone Glris S 
mma; v welling*. _ Dr 
HS and 


Ganfora's'and . — ... — 

!2J k « 


wihiams 1 mV Beverley OS and .Fltzw: 


Trft, AK Groves, 
and Coburn Sand 
tmv Shrewsbury . 
Guesi. Latymer Upper 
L Gullan-Whur. St Fell 
and Girton: K A Hagai 
d Selw: R J 
londwyke GS 
unv Reading 

Haicrow, Denstone 
Hale iml. SC Essex 
G Hamerion im). 
£finvhamntnn and Joh: 

Tbs tetter (fl dsnotas emdkfstss trtn 
have satMtad the xemln st i in Lada 

uobiy _ 

h T W 

Bh M * 

Sudan- Whur. St Felix S. 1 
d Girton: K A Hagan, tm 
d Selw: RJ Hi 

— t W . . 

Oh M A 

irrinMon. Hemet Hempstead S and 

~ H 
; and Tr 
Z. Preston and Rob: 

(ml. Wanlage. SFfi iMSdw^l 

ns (m). 

.. . lei tmv 
itur M B Payne imv 
ngstoke and 

S and Trin: 
Glris s and 

Brentwood and 
tmi. Thomas 
otherham C and Chur. 

tzw; 1C A Harris, 
rtefs: M J 
irk CS. 

.~rrta imv 

& El5tree and 
alford Bosy_ _ 

■ i ii ^ :^>Ti ’ll Mi I 

and Cath: vj 
era Askete Carts 
K Hart tmv 
and can R C 

aass to K L Armour. High Pavement 
C. Nottingham and Chun A A Aruliah 
(mV Kings C S. Wimbledon and Joh: L 
C Austin. Vienna Iniematfonai S and 

Hartley. Ratcoffe c and Down.- R J 
Harvey. St John's 5. Leathethead and 
Girton: N Haskins. Loughborough, GS 

HasJdns. L 
1 : C A Hav 
t: M P H 

crest 3: s w Athertey. Trent C and 
Judd S. Tonbridge and 
(mV United Wood C of 
Asia and Emma: MIC 
intone c and Cain: L 
Bastln. Regis S. Wolverhampton and 
Pemb; S E Bedford. Stoke Damerei KS 
and Newn: A T BUidon. Hardy e* S. 
Dorchester and Selw: A H Bolton. 81 
Bernards Convent S. Slough and 
-NeWix c I Brightweii. Wilson's s. 

- Walllngton and Selw: A R Buckley. St 
Paul's Girts S. London and 
Campbell. Woodford Co I 
Emma: R A CsunpbelL' worth _ 

Jes: S E Harris. King Edwards CHS. 

Henderson. George Watson's C. Edin- 
burgh. Cath: P N J Henley. NewcasUe 
upon Tyne RGS. Flizw: M A 
Hermann. Leggatts S. WW ortU Kira’s: 
P L Hogg. AwvuEe C. Harrogate, wd: 
N D Horton. St Peter's S. York. Magd: 
D M Huttne. St Paul's S. Londaru 

: and Corpr A D Carrafieid. St Aldan and 
St John Fishers SFC. Harrogal* ?nd 
Selw: 11 . B Carton. Radley u and 

Selw: II . B Carton. Radley U and 
Pemb: P T L Cast <11. European & 
Brussels and Magd: AMT Chapman. 
Ricards Lodge HS. London and King's: 

Cress f: None. 

cress 3 (dhrtskM n: s J Craddock (1 V 
Rosebery Co S. Epsom. Newn: £ F 
Wilson. Surbiton CHS. Newn. 

Class 2 (dwtskm 3): J Adamson. 
Wlrral GCbS. Girton: M R Baldwin. 
Mill Hill S. London. King's: C W J 
Moseley. Perse S. Cambridge. M 

Magil SymeS ' Leyi & Camar< 
cress to m w Green. Twin s. Trin.. 

Danish :. 

cress f: None. 

cress ? (dMstOB 1): None. ■ ■ 

Selw: T idetson. Kings way. Princeton 
G London. Cw K E Jones, BassaiegS. 

CL Cambridge^ Ctua: K S Brtecoe. 1 
Edward VI Camp: Hill S. Chur: M _ 
BucknalV EUfuun cl Jes: AM Cain. 
Mount S. York. Fltz: J R Chatbum.- 
Magoalen C S. Oxford. Ctrum: K J 

Daw ley. Rugby S. Jes: J Dudiev- 
smioi. KlmfE^ward VI SL Norwich. 
Fltz: K FiebUng. Kings S. Worcester.. 
Rob; T H Graham. John- Leggott C 

mrpe. Job: M C Grirnn- Oxford 

. X' J H Guild. Radley C. Roto: EJ. 

Eton? Magd: Pi N J Henley. 
upon-Tyne RGS- Fltzw ;- l . __ 

Jones; Howells S. LUndaff. Newn: 

M Isaacs. John Lyon S. Harrow, 

FM Keoy. St 'Brandons S.-Oe .... 
Newn: E J Uoyd. Castle S. Bristol 
Trin; B WTMePhetwm. 

Gillespie's HS. Edlnbul 
Mae. S of St Helen. . _ 

Abingdon. Christ's: H Perry 
Camborne S, Chun- . L Pilteway. 
Hampton GS. Qu: L B Pollard. 
Haileyt»ury_t attar* 

Norwich T3HS. Oa: C 

Bruton GS. SetW: A O 

WlnctMwier C. Trin: PM Saleh. HhXi 
Wycombe RGS. Trin: C E G 
Sprtngale. Westminster S. Cath: H M 
Stanley. Loughton HS SFC: Pemb: C 
A S Swan. Harrow S. Trtn: S M 
Taytor. Manchester CS. Glitoa: CVC 
Wedd. Wilhlngton GS. Manchester. 
Rob: K E wood. Pe m broke S. Fltzw. 

■ a.-r 

•' tegii '* • _ 

' *“ "* _ .1^ -w 

!*.! •' • ••• ■■ ■ 

Oats l.dhWM tSM Arte. AlleyneS. 
Dulwich. Tr ft C J. BiaKh. Quate- 


^5^*5 . ... 
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hunt, stdcim GS.'Sid 

.Runshaw C. 

.Runshaw C. Klhgto: 

Haberdashers asm's ■ CS. 

Christ's: N D Carrington. Ta 

iToi mMftiic 

N C Gregory -Cuflen. Dame Alice 
HannrS. BeiflOrd. NCwit F. H Orto. 

-4 5- 

SC - 1 


:-.n- -- 

Harpur S-SetfionL-NewA. F.H Greig. 

whttgHl S. -Croydon.-. Chur., A M 
Marcus. - 

o?s3» _ r 

jjiiCj* >■ 

. . Cath : J C N 

monds C. Oa: 5 _ 

Matdoh. Jes: .A -F-TutMIL 
New H: A E Woodhouse. 

L Pet S j. wy kra. -WOtem 

Howard S. Brampton. Trin. 
cress 3 OMarea to H M AChetton. 

Burns. Westminster S. South Hamp-" 
I stead Sl Cath: L A Clarke. NotreDome 
HS. Norwich. Newn: R M Davies. 
Oichfa Comp a-awi rn Carzon : C P 

k : ; - ' ■*» 
ff :rjcr-. r.-^r. « 

isajs: :•?»“*- 

•: r -- 

’ {*• rtc Ltr. r 

Ir. m j.--' 

V- r- - s r* 

aif- *'.:r : "'pr -v 

Geekn. John Lyon S. Harrow. Qvc 14 
J Grady. New Hall S. Chelmsford. 
C«tii: S Hawkes.- New- MUte S, 

Newport. New h: F M Keoy. st 
Brandon's S. Ctovedon. Newn: A D 
King. Hewett S. Norwich, drton: M F 
' utile, si Albans HS. SKb s J Martin: - 
Methodist. C.- Belfast. -Joh:i I. 
McFariane. Lancaster RGS. CM KT a 
M cLetsh. CUy of London CS. Down: D 
J McLuckle. Kings S. Chester. Sdwi V ■ 

um cm 
Fltzw: M w 

unto, st ai 

W Green. Tiffin S. Trtn: M F 

Albans HS. SkL- S 4 Martin, 

Methodist C- Belfast. Joh: D N smith. - 
. Epsom. Cl Cath: p A j st George. ; 

Stockport. SW; £ J. Klein. Hatwrdasb- 
ers Aske's GS. Etetrce-jPotb^J F E 
Mamv: westndnsier. D'Owrtroecks 
Tut C Oxford. Pec i McFariane. 
Lancaster RQS. Cta;- E D Murtagh . 

1 X 0 .'GS- .. Elstree. 


Anfonyt Levtonon S. 
flj J Owens, 

A Mae. S of 81 Helen. St Katharine. 
Abingdon. ChrMlK CSC Mitchell; " 
Harrogate C. . SM: M , W H W 

Ctasr I (dtvlstm BtT H S Ferguson.- 
Cheadto Hulme S. Emma. 

- - Holland 

and Pet S L Porter tiriV 
r Co HS and Can A J W 

Poveu. Portfitade community C and 
Chun R J Powies. peterhouse. 

IU.-WU. /-Dr Owfnr 

Emma; P D Coo its. Morrison Acad. 
Crieff and Strathaiian s and Newn: H 
C Cowbum. Ormsklrk GS and Selw: P 
G Craze, uskeard Comp S and Chun 

& J Curwen. Tup ion Hall S. Chester 
Id and Selw; M P Dalnion tmv 

Cheadto Hulme 
Cress to None. 

Cttss h J E Baer. Dr Chaltoner's ra. 
Jes: A J Brandon. Coopers' Co. 
Coburn S. SkL' S A Clarke. Lowlands 
ftFT Wjrmiv. Fmma: M I) f!r3d(r 

Moorttottse. Greshams S. Emma: C W 
J Moseley. Per* s. Camwidge- Magd; 
K ANehemtah. Oichfa comp 
Swansea. Christ's: « NeUL Runshaw 
Tertiary C Lev land. King's: C FM 
Nobtn. Scarborough SFC. Emma: C T 
j Owens. Cheltenham Ladies C. New 
H: A L Peccartno. Forest Gate s. 

London. New H: S Y Potter. Norwich 
GHS. Cto: C V Preltor. Bruton ra 
Selw; j c Prince. Lancaster Gins OS. 

jtfimgirhtt ' J ". 

..cress to None.".- . . 

Class 3 dbiston to None.' • 

Crest .8 Mm 21 S lj -Wilson.- 
-Manchester GS. Chrisi>: . 
cress to None. 


Ctau 15 C J A dam. Ctarendort House 
Glris GS. Ramsgate. Emma: F A 
^rerSameSiS. CairL YSulWnd. 
SI PauB GS. SM,<' ■ - 

New H: 4 C Prince 

, OS. Girton: L 

-St amp er . FetLottowe c. New H: L . 
-Thomas. Howeos S. Dottrigh- New kf 
•N; Jj,Jj{ll(L. .SurhUofi GHS. New h ' 



• Ctsss 1 : RA Ogden. Winfam Humes 
ra.MahcMSMr; Qii. 
cress T CMstan -Is H A Butler. 
Sharnvrook Upper S. ■; Bedford. 
Christ's. r 
Ore » <Wsre» * None. 

Cbu £ TMOne. 

. tojgood to Tew 
• ter, 51-ttaCw number*} b« 


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By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

t^L^P? 08 W 2l? ey “ lh ree-year-olds Zaubarr (7.35) 
tne field for the Wigston "- J ''-*-- L ^ jn ■»« 

: V 

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s-fei • „ 

• __ • , *»«■ 

” IfpJWU 

stakes at Leicester this eve- 
ning gives me the opportunity 
to correct an earlier error and 

.set the record straight 

*J en . **& Howa *i de 
Walden’s colt made his race- 

and Cashah Girl (8.35). 

In each instance it is the 
case of the trainer striking 
again while the iron is still hot 
albeit with a penalty, before 
the. bandicapper has had an 
opportunity to reassess his 

course debut at Ungfield at . 

!r e of this month I\ In die future Zaubarr. will 

described him as being a half- • certainly be confronted with 
Jj° l her to the Derby third suffer tasks than the one 
Mashkour, having been under w h«ch faces him now in the 
ine impression that he was out Tennents Lager Handicap be- 
of Sancta Rose. cause his weight this evening 

In feet, Wolsey is the first deludes, only a 41b penalty for 
b! out of an entirely different winning at Bath and Newmar- 
ket in the last ten days. 

x* I « MIW IUM 

foal out of an entirely different 
inare. Sancta. a filly that Peier 
WaJwyn trained to win three 
good races at York, Ayr and 
Newbury in 1982 for Lord 
Howard de Walden. 

As part of her owner's 
expansionist policy, Sancta, 

who is a half-sister to the dam ~ '“T"r -«*«■ v» 

■of Kris and Diesis, was sent to T'^ertiooks into the ground. 
Kentucky to begin her life at r W !?5 D J be , ha ndjcapper 
stud and it was there that she : ‘ ram . C£ f, l °day s race he had 
was mated in. 1983 to Our L ela ^ eI y hide to go on as 
Native, who, the year before Zaubarr had not made the first 
' ■ - 3 ' four in any of* his previous 

After beating Albino by 
eight lengths on the Somerset 
track Zaubarr did even better 
at Newmarket last Thursday 
when he galloped such useful 
perfoimers as Kurtz. Comme 
L'Etoile. Actinium and On 

Un Desperado holds 
Sharrood at bay in 
Prix Eugene Adam 

FVom Oar French Correspondent, Paris 

Un Desperado, ridden by 
Allied Gibert, won the 
£34^96 Prix Eugene Adam 
over ten furlongs at Saint- 
Cloud yesterday by a comfort- 
able two lengths from 
Sharrood (Willie Careen), 
with Conquering Hero (Wal- 
ter Swinburn) and Nomrood 
(Cash Asmussen) in fifth and 
sixth places, respectively. 

Sharrood looked to be going 
well entering the straight and 
led from just over one furlong 
out until passed easily 100 
yards out by Un Desperado. 
Orson said “ My horse ran 
well but the pace was very fast 
and he got tired towards the 
finish Robert Acton, repre- 
senting Sharrood’s owner. 
Sheikh Mohammed, said the 
horse had run his usual game 

Conquering Hero, beaten 
nearly seven lengths, could 
never get into a challenging 
position and Walter Swinburn 
said he had run up to expecta- 

Cash Asmussen, who 
partnered Nomrood for Paul 
Cole, said “I was disappointed 
with him. I asked Nomrood to 
quicken entering the straight 
but I got no response and he 
may have been unsuited by 
the fast ground". 

The successful trainer, An- 
dre Fabre, was winning the 
race for the fourth year in 
succession and Us Desperado 
recorded the fastest time since 
1951. He said, with a smile, 
"He is a very good horee and 
has fulfilled the promise he 
showed as a two-year-old, but 
I expected him to win far 
easier than that.” 

Lady Pat Matt McCormack’s dual winner, is among the fancied contenders for 
this evening's Radio Leicester Nursery 

Falls galore as Irish 
lead in challenge 

From our Irish Racing Correspondent, Dublin 



• ■* 

• f* - * » V ■ 

— ii : 

"v- “ir.'-YTfe 

"1 ■ '/ V?V 

Iliad made an impact in Eu- 
rope, thanks; to the. achieve- 
ments of his sons. Be My 
‘Native and Zoffany. Wolsey is 
,the result 

When he won at Lingfieid 
Wolsey strolled home by four 
lengths in what amounted to a 
common canter. But as he 
started at 15-8 on that perfor- 
mance obviously took no one 
by surprise. 

Today, both the betting and 
the race should not be nearly 
so one-sided as Paul Cole has 
seen fit to declare Mileage 
Bank, who beat two previous 
'winners most emphatically at 

races over -distances ranging 
from seven a mile 
and Three-quarters.' My nap's 
improvement can be attribut- 
ed- to the fitting of blinkers. 
Wearing them again today, 1 
believe he should be capable 
of dealing with the likes of 
Lakino and Diva Encore. 

The only reservation that 
Mark Smyly has about run- 
ning Gasbah Girl in the Bass 
Senes Handicap is the feci 
that the early part of the race 
will be all downhill. Apparent- 
ly. Cashah Girl lost her action 
racing down the gradients at 

— __ „ — Epsom in June. In the mean- 

Chepstow last month after time she has looked entirely at 
showing a lot of promise first home win ning at Doncaster 
time out at Newbury, on soft and [Nottingham, which are 
.'ground which did mot suit his flarcomses. Like Smyly, I feel 
good action. However, Wifi- . that the risk - & worth taking 
sey is just preferred. knowing that Casbah Giri was 

•• Otherwise, it should pay to hampered badly' at Epsom. 

Top' weight for the Radio 
Leicester Nursery will be 
shouldered by. Reg 
Hollinshead's consistent two- 

year-old Flaxley. However, it 
is surely pertinent to point out 
that when he won first time 
out at Chester Flaxley had 
Supreme Optimist only two 
lengths behind in third place. 

Now, following three runs 
unplaced. Supreme Optimist 
has been allowed 251b. In my 
opinion the bandicapper has 
taken a big chance because 
Supreme Optimist will be 
better suited to today's five 
furlongs, if both breeding and 

performance count for any- 
thing, than the six furlongs 
over which be was beaten into 
sixth place at Carlisle last time * 


Following that commend- 
able effort at Royal Ascot, 
where he finished second m 
the Queen's Vase, Knights 
Legend will start at short odds 
to win the Derek Underwood 
Stakes at Folkestone where 
Merlin's Magic looks an ap- 
pealing bet to land the Friends 

of Folkestone Amateur Riders 

A winner on the course as a 
two-year-old, my selection 
was far from disgraced on his 
seasonal debut at Sandown 1 1 
days ago when he finished 
fifth behind Aventino, who 
has won again in the 

Finally, at Beverley I like 
the look of the Newmarket , 
raiders Be Cheerful (2.0) and 
Love Walked In (3.30). 

Stylish Startino seeks group status 

follow the Lam bourn trainers 
Barry Hills and Mark Smyly 
as they seek to win more pnze 
money with their improving 

Startiuo, who had a slight 
setback afar winning on the 
course on her seasonal debat in 
April, relumed yesterday to land 
the Moautsonel Stakes in good 
style under Steve Caotben. 

Stage Hand cut out the run- 
ning until siring way to the 6-4 
favouri t e . Duarkon, two and a 
half for longs eat. Startxno made 
up ground smoothly to head her 
New market rival going into the 
Boat forloug to win by a dever 
length and a half, with Broken 
Wave running into third place. 

Henry Cedi trains Startino 
for Mrs Janies McAllister, who 

said she was hoping to win a 
group nee with the Bustino filly. 
**I think Henry has her entered 
in Rome, among other good 
engagements.’* she said. 

Princess Singh justified even 
money favouritism when leading 
all the way in the hands of kwy 
Tinkler to comfortably win the 
Sutton Selling Stakes, then 
Provided some fun at the sub- 
sequent auction. 

The Mai ton filly, trained by 
Kim’s husband, Nigel, runs for 
Full Circle Thoroughbred 
Breeders limited, managed by 

Nigel's father Colin, who 
brought along a sheep poppet to 
bid on his behalf. But the sheep 
had to be content with a few 
amusing facial expressions, as 
there was no bid for Princess 

Nigel and Kim Tinkler are 
having a great season. Princess 
Singh, bought after winning a 
Beverley seller in Jane for 3,400 
guineas, provided Nigel with bis 
22nd training, success, 'while 
Kim, mother of a baby daughter. 
Amy, has ridden 12 winoeis. 
She comes out of her apprentice- 
ship in a month’s time. 

During the first stage of a two- 
day Anglo-Irish National Hunt 
jockeys championship challenge 
at Down Royal yesterday three 
of the eight partiripams took 
falls, Tom Taaife over fences 
and Rirhard Dunwoody and 
Steve Smith Eccles over 

Their respective races were 
won by Frank Berry on Hasty 
Prince and Peter Scudamore on 
David’s Pet. 

At the half-way mark in the 
challenge the Irish riders lead 
their rivals by 37 points to 31 
and the concluding stage will be 
beld at Down Royal this 

The richest race run in the 
British Isles yesterday was the 
Ulster Harp Lager Derby which 

had £1 1,500 added. This pro- 
duced a runaway winner with 
Christy Roche sending the Da- 
vid O’Brien-trained Don Diege 
dear before the final bend to win 
in a canter. The well beaten 
runner-up was World Court, 
who finished nearly as far 
behind Don Diege as he had 
behind Shahrastani in the Irish 

Inisheer started favourite at 
1 5-8, but he was the backmarker 
for the greater part of the race 
and although eventually finish- 
ing third never held out the 
slightest hope of success. 

For the winning team this 
listed race provided some small 
compensation for finishing sec- 
ond in consecutive group races 
at the Curragh on Saturday. 

Today’s course specialists 

ERS: J Spearing. 8 winners ho 
S. 19-0%; M H EBSterby, 27 
5.0%; M Camacho. 10 from 


TRAINERS: G Harwood. <1 winners from 
98 runners. 41.8%; M Stoua. 5 from 17, 
294%; G Lewis. 17 from 87. 195%. 
JOCKEYS: G Starkey, 29 winners from 83 
ndes. 34.9%: Pal Eddery. 11 from 52. 
21.2%; W Newnes, 11 from 77. 14.3%. 


TRAINERS. H Ced 37 winners from 8 1 
runners. 45.7%; J Dunlop. 23 from 93, 
24.7V G Harwood. 14 from SB. 21.2%. 

JOCKEYS; W Carson. 37 winners from 
169 naes. 215V S CauAien. 24 from 120. 
20,0V G Starkey, 16 from 92. 17.4%. 


TRAMERSiJ Spearing. 8 winners from *2 
runners. 19.0V M H Eastertw. 27 from 
180. 15.0V M Camacho. 10 from 78. 

JOCKEYS; W Ryan, 14 wmners from 68 
noes. 20.6V T hies 22 from 139. 15.8%; 
March. 37 from 322. 11.5%. 

Blinkered first time 

BEVERLEY: 240 Glory Time. 430 

Gwynfarook. Museveni. 

: 2A5 Swift Purchase, R#» 
Be Good. 3.15 Lb Oragontorft. 4.15 

p afa4tn 

LEICESTER: 6.45 Count AhnavWB. Video. 
&5 Ptawcfte. 8-35 Blue Guitar. 


7 . J , 


P u VNberforce) A Me 4-1 
. OEKTTTY (Visual Wenoty) 
ANDID (Miss E Bronson] D 


P MtctwO 4-11-3 0 

A Wleon 4-11.3 

' „.-L ' Gofeig: good to firm ■ 
r * .Draw; 5f-6f,low numbers 

~ J* V *7 .1.45 JLBJ% CHRIS COWDREY MAfflEN STAKES (2-Y-O: £1,512: 6f) 

— - • “ -• *_SWflMrffrfO" 

-tael Eddery 13- 

— *StBitay44 







1 90. 

7 280380 TIP-TAP 

S 0-00000 VISUAL l „ 

9 Q/OQO-O JUST CANDID (Mbs E Branson] D A Wlson 4-1 1-3 ... EWne Bramaa(4}4 

10 NO-OOO TRUE WEIGHT (Mis J Cwdy] M MadgwicA 4-11-1 ONadgrackB 

11 044330 OOaMMONPRM^SS (Mrs HRofwqN Rohan 5-10-tt — 13 

12 6-3000 ROSI NQA (FR) fRoBvab Ud) P Kataway 3-10-10 _ Sarah KaBaMy W H 
000-0 LA 0RAG0MBS (B) (lAdyHarmsworth^wl) M Gnstel 


Laura Hohan ia 14 

Sara Lawrence (4) 10 

- JR*w>1S 

_ Rrencasc e Rosh t«7 
Sfreren Muoatoyd (4 1 

15 000300 KARNATAK (Mis P Joynes] J Swaiing S-10-9. 

16 00-0003 vmrrpwesnc J«nes J-to4 : 

17: 20HVD4 -8MTCK3USIS) (J Stafford] N ONeN MM- 

fOllifOOO PARK (USA)(MBynielLPIggott 9-0_ 
J8KMJH AUWctoumiP WahwnBt) 7. 
I YOUR PRINCESS (S Hepfxm) J ^ne M,— 

J R Akalairst 9-0 

302 MUBKHtftlA 
0 ON YOtM pRWCESS (S Hephran 
00O DQWNSVEW LADY (B Marsh) A Moore 8-11 

HRWOOD(BFwr)R Armstrong 6-11 

STAINS8Y QML (Q Cory) R Vborspuy 8-1 T 
03 SYSTEMS OO (^8iem8GD Uri)GPiiei 

-20 W tOO- JBAVENSCRAIG (D St Ctav) □ Grtsse* WM. 

1 .-2L- •* MOOO HSH DS3MA (B) f T Ramsden) A Baley 3-T&-2 

tsafiati NeukSrZ Kamatak. 4-1 Usrfrn'a Magic. 6-1 Viaual idanuy. 9-1 OomMon 
pflhoess. 12-1 True Weigtrt. 14-1 others. 



FORK WBlLBrS MAGIC(8-2) 1 11 5th u> Aventino (*51 at Sandoum (Bn. Ustyeer (8-1 ^1) 
head wtfner hem from Kecfron (9-4J (81. £547. ffrm. Nov 4. 16 ran}. TO* TAP. w^aMd 
‘ ‘ yean In 1985 (8-1 1)6>W3rt io Swanmer (9-0) at Nottingham (1m 21. £1996. firm, Oct 
11 ran). DOMMON PRMCESS (10-1) 8th to Dueling (1M) at KempSon. Prmrt 
I) 3«l 3rd tD Atofa (9-51 at Redcar (1m If. £1928. good to firm. May 27. 17 

. M Robert* 1 

Ptahart^brtionS-11;^ GOtrffWdZ 

(Barclays Hotrts Ud) 1 MattHawi 8-11 — ODUfrll 

» W" • j Flow. 10-1 Bangfrok Boy, 14-1 other 

F r 1 I PTC FORfrt BANSCOK BOY (8-11) 10 

I I *1 W W I ]\l\ £2855, good to firm. June 39- BOLD 

Sl^ >3 UngflaW (51. £3424. good to Ann. J 

7-4 Bold Crioader. JW MuWw.^rSysfemtf Go. 15-2 BokTGareon. 8-T Capital 
Flow. 10-1 Bangkok Boy. 14-1 others 

FORM: BANGKOK BOY (8-11) 101 5th of 8 behind L u c iana ge (8-11) at Windsor , 
to Ibm, June 3(9- BOLD CRUSADER (8-11)9)U 4th toDraam Laun 
I. £3424. good to firm. Juna 21. 10 ran). BOUTOARCON (MQ 7 
w (W9 at Newbury (Of. £3877. Stood, June 12, 18 ran). CAPITAL FLOW (8- 
11) 8X1 Bath 41h behind Slngrog Steven ftM) (5Nf. E2602 good. June Z r 19 rani 
MuBW R (9-0 ] neck 2nd to Absolution (9-0) aa Warwick <51, E7B3. good to tan. .J>dy 2.- S 
. tan). SYSTElfiS GO (8-11 IS 3nl to StrafrMana (8-tl) « Brighton ^(.£969, good to firm, 
June 23. 10 ran). POtMNSVIEW LADY (8-11) hack In 8th. • -_s 

MaeEon: 8ANQM3K BOY ' ' ~ 


28. . ^ 

f83)’3«l 3rd to Atoka (9-fflB . _ 
KARNATAK(8-2) 81 5th to The Gama s Up (9-8) si 
behind- EarHet fl 0-7) KARNATAK3>M3id10 Vague 
i 91 away 4tfi of 24 (87. £1400. good to firm, -tone 
) atlhlralc (1m 4f, 22268. wm. J 

, Jim* 17. 9 ran). 

May 27. h 
. with TRUE WEIGHT (8-1 
at Warwick with IRISH 
WTHY (9-1) HU 3nJ to Law 

Folkestone selections ! 1 , i 

. ......... . : By Maadiritt. I? . “ 

' . m vv.'L45'Boid Gareon. 2.?5 Knights LegencL 2,45 Chenywood Sam. 

• - ; 3.15 Merlin’s Magic 3.45 Sender. 4.l5 ArcUc Ken. . . 

V' ’ V- *r. ' By Our Newmaricet Correspondent . . 

*■- - -r\ 1.45 Bold Crusarter. 2.15 Deafening. 2.45 College Wizard. 3.15 Irish 

Hero. 3.45 Sender. 4.15 Biekerman. 

3.45 COLIN COWDREY HANDICAP (£1,302: 1m 4f) (13) 

0000 VINTAGE PORT (USA) (UraMMcidns)RAkahint 4-9-10 R KcGMn 4 

0021 KING JACK U Lead J Durtop 3M Pat Eddery 1 

4-0003 DAMCBM3 BARRON (8) (E Gadsden) M Btanshard 5-9-3 GBnttf 2 

00-0301 BLBfflERS CHQrCE (M O'Connor) K Bressey 4-S-O (<ex) — 5 Whitworth 11 

240132 OASf8NGlJSNr(04l)(OT(GMoomJMMortaii5(Hl BftouaaS 

CMfflF) (ti fot A SWWrt 38-10 RCartw(5)12 

t«| (B Hearse) G Hanwod 3-B-8— GSMayll 

0000-20 MY STERY CfcOCx (B) (Mtta L Tomsend) P Bansy 3-8-5 JWtfcm.3 

0003-OC rawEST TOSSED (USA) (W Hancock) R Armstrong MRobartslO 

100-040 HEIGHT OF SUMMER (D) [ft CruW'ieyj D Artxflhnot S« H Adame 9 

sum BROKEN TAOO£ ^Jn^tx^nor) 










060002 DtCXKNGHTI 

i Farms UJ) K Nor 

- .. 

■: --2-r 

= ' n. - 2.15 DEREK UNDERWOOD STAKES (£889: 1m 7f 100yd) (8) 



• ■ - 7. ', 

r “3k" .*r _• 

9 UTTLE XATWNA LJ Lace^W tony S-A-11 - 

15 0-0034 DEAFENING 

W«a 4% IlLUrn «*®f 

WJBtAUM IS nwj rvwwuwoi -rw-. I 

WNG (USA) (J Jumonvita A) P Kalaway 3-8-2 — 


« (Mrs M Uttan] H Candy >3-2 

_ GStaritay 6 
. BTfromaonB 
— PffArey 5 
. AMcGtoiw4 
. Pal Eddery 1 
^ W Newnes 3 
_G Carter (3) 2 

1 4-8-3 

23 32/0000 FULL OF DREAkte(B) (C Harvey) G Grscay 5-7-7 — LffigQto(7)6 

IW King J* ck, 3-1 Blenders Choice. 5-1 Sander, 11-0 Tempest Towed, 8-1 Dick 
Knight. 9-1 Ashing Ugm. 12-1 Dancing Barron. 14-1 others. 

FORM: UNO JACK (9-0) 1VU winner from PrtncMw Estate (949 «» Edhburgh (1m 3dTK*n, 
£547. *m. Jim 30. * mn L DANCMQ BARRON (W9 1 % I and head 3rd to Isom Dan (8-3) 
at Warwick (im 41. El 343. good to firm. July 9. 1 f ran). BLENDERS CHOICE (9-1) 3i 
- J (1 m2f.ri4fi9. firm. Jima 28.13 ranLDASHBKS LIGHT 

(SI 2nd to The Betsy flWlharB (1m 41. firm. July 1. 5 ran). SENDER (9-7) *(Pont» - 
l2ndtoBlu8hinflSw(9-6)(1m4|. E1415.goodtofinn. June 24. 9 ran). MYSTERY 
. w- , r^naarad (9D) at Safisbury. previously «-11) 2KI 2nd to 

‘ .. , 19 9r m 

.firm, July 

CLOCK (9B) unplaced 

easy wfrwerflofcton Heights fl-21 at Wofwrfiampton (1m 4/, £959, good Mmr 1 
DKX KNKHT (8-7) beaten afoad bvMis Chris (9-4) at Baverley (1m4l. £1551. 
5. 10 ran), with HBGHT OF SUMMER (8-11) 8th. 

Selection: DKX KfUQHT 

4.15 LESLIE AMES HANDICAP (3-Y-& £1,407: 7f) (15) 

4-42403 PORTHMEORl 
110340 ARCTIC KEM 
040400 VICEROY IMHi 
00-0002 BLUE BRJUJANri 

S Crow) MBokan 9-7. 

— O Starkey 5 

l)(RMeflo)C Nelson 9-4 JBefdO 

(F Broom) R Hannon 93 Pal Eddery 14 

— M Sheet*} SMfe 9-0 B Thomsons 

IS Yu) R AnmarenB b-10 N RpPerts W 

04-041 BlOgHMWjD)f 

B) (USM IS Yu) R Arnistrang 910. 
fi (Mre B Alexander) P Wafwyn M . 
4 j Groan) M Prescott 99 [low) — 

2,45 GODFREY EVANS SEUJNG STAKES (2-Y-O: £838: 50 (6) 

120903 SPECIAL 

,a 0-044 BEU£Pt€RON ^ « - 

16 090000 DELTA ROSE (Mre F Hams) CBenstead 97 — — 

Pad Eddery 1 
; Outfield 3 

(C Mamer) M Money 8-8 R Quest 11 

S Kfwi) G Lewis 97 

090030- M0M8TR 0BAM 
H 0000 GCXOCNja 

IAZAAR |D Ladhams) M Usher 96 
OSA OSttfioTO) J Soeanno 94 

STRAW (B) [Mrs M Go-ec) 

009000 W1NGBEE(ASp«ake)J®id98r92!. 
900000 IffiVBl BEE (A Speaka) J Bndgv 

,z ? 

■J 1- - 

« f . - t - ; 


n • inn * 



13 00408 REG BE 0000(0) I 

„„ . ^ rtna a n 2 . 

R Qpcfrrane'5 


P Quest 6 


G Sedan 12 
B Rouse 13 

I 00400 RBOBE GOOD (B| tt ireatyyd — ^ - _T 

- 3 94 owrywcwd S«jvip^&«R Purchase. 5-t Cotege Wtonl /-I Rfco Be 
Good. 91 Banza. 10-1 Flying Chapeau. 


V. j. ibcw. ws.i7J) itadne Ju»Wr6 


- S Dawson 0 

MreC Rsavay 93 BCtoroWya 

N Adame IS 

. 7-7. , G Dickie 4 

. 3-1 Bickeroan. 10930 BUM teflfant. 7-2 Arctic Ken. 6-1 Special Guest 91 

Topeka Express. 191 Persian Baitet.'12-t Porthmeor. 14-t others. 

to Bertie Wowtar 

. . W HB8BS3fiSE£8W*i 

— y, £1.70, E1.70. DP: S7.T0. CSF: £10^47. 

Leicester results ^g**^™'*™* 

- Going: good to Ann 

2.15 (fit) T. 

TlnkJer, Evens i fart 2. Abwtotgeffaa^ g 

^ :SRSS»^!5Sin. 

TrilldBr at MawreT^a: 

. moo. DF: £4.40. CSF: £10.18. No WO. 

r J^-: - 2^8 ftm 4f) li OT^TINO (SCwawn. 

•: .■ " Broken Wave (W ***"*SL vgkJator 

j ■w^ 4 j^5“ss*r- 

lOOPokaree. 8 rv^ 

4-5 ffifl 1. FARMER JOCK (S 


Palace ® Eocaa Thee MmL 7 MisaMetai- 

CSP- £74.44. Tncasc £77650. 





: A 

• °M5(lrh 2f) 1. ^*3 

: 2.Co«0iW(^E*WVuto^ f&Ms 9-» 
Covered & W*3 ftSmon 

'^hf^toOevaWsw^w. «r*£ 
X a. D Artwtwot at Wwpwt- 
£4 10; £2.10. EI-5A 

1 cqmm (6th). 33 Salbebo, Go ■ 

SSSS«w.W: l «' ! 

Reformed Habit (M Htndtey. 91). ALSO 
RAN: 94 tav O I Oyston (Sdi). 4 VNage 

W5>i , ^TW- F Si , S» 


CvM<k*ai SWnaL TotKJhAOO; £320. 
86.00T&00. DF: £8590. CSF: £13)99- 
Wfrmer bought In lorSSOgna. 

OwmoeX. 91); a God* Law (Jude 
Bbwter. 4-1 fevh 3. MawdRn GMa (Gay 
r.10-1)- ALSO RAN: 1 1-2 Show A 

9th). S Rossan (4th),-i3-2 Tit 

yvgjow, 12 Qortda (StfrX Avraaas. 16 
Bartel Banzai. 33 Tcfiy'a Best TO ran. 21. 
nk XL 5L sb hd. Deays Smith at Ksbop 
Auddand. Tote; fS.&R J*aiL El.lft 
SFdF: £aoa CSF:.£26A£ TricasC 

SjO (im 41) 1..BWCL B BIRIP fJ 

LoWO. 3r1 

795 (6t) 1 . Geltser (Pat Eddery 10930) 
2. Domino Rre (4-ij; 3. Tough N Gentle 

g- tov|i2. NoroeMjl- Chamodc. 

1 Hur- 

ji JlLSO H/t-c 
I5L-E330: £7.10. £2.iaDF; £820. Hf: 




ST2lpRfo?5l SfeihL 33 Gont 
- ----- 5 ran. 1 


EH-52. ___ 

pUcspgC £2280 


: SMwtsBS -tSMHSimz 

• 2W. "L 2. HI. oft £23.72. 

33 Gant 
ifil ia 3 ol 

Gain®: good 

bjs ffif) 1 . The Ute (P McEntae, 91ft 2. 
Taytos Taylormade {91); 3. Sandrpn (9 
\yi Miss venezuw (4-1 fav). 16 ran. 
2VA hd. MSS L Bower. TOW: £529 £120. 
w in nTfl: £120. OF: £2620. CSF: 
£70.141 Trtcasc £488.17. - 


£2 oa DF; £3.70. CSF: £8. 12. 

725 (im 3f 150WJ) 

Etfdary. iSifav); i High Tanwn(^:| 

Brack and Lady 120-1). 12 ran -W, 2a. H 
Cattagnaa Ton: £2.10: ELIO. £1-40, 
eSIkTDF: £220. -CSF: E6J5. Trtetet 

SSKttrs rsyaesi 

£1.70: 21-20. DF; £4.10. CSF: £1980. 

Raffle winners 

Tbe vrinaer of the Sduzopbre- 
nia Appeal Raffle drawn at 
LmcfieW Park racecourse on 
Saturday, July 12 was: Ticket 
No 13245 - £2,000 of British 
Airways TraveL The minor 
prizes were: Ticket Nos:. 12894, 
04775, 00610, 11940, 11176. 
01876. 12312. Tbe winners wffl 
be contacted. - 

• Facsimile transmissions of 
racing documents have been 
given the go-ahead- by the 
Jockey Club, for a trial six 
months period. The value of 
facsimile machines to racing 
was illustrated when Sonic Lady 
was able to run in and win the 
Irish 1.000 Guineas, despite the 
fact that her passport had been 
left in Newmarket The docu- 
ment was facsimilied to the Irish 
Turf Club. . • - 

. • William HtlL the sponsors 
of the Stewards Cup at 
Goodwood, have shortened the 
price of their favourite. Prince 
Sky, from 11-1 to 10-1 after 
reporting solid support for the 
Paul CoTe trained gelding. Our 
Jock has also been backed down 
from 14-1 to 12-1 and. is now 
joint second favourite. 


Going: firm 

Draw: high numbers best 

Y-O: £959: 5ft (14 runners) 

a LEADMG HAVER jBF)RHoOMM«f9i2- S forts B 

a BECHE0tfULJWfatBr911.__ _Tfm6 


00 axratoPLACEMW&sarbya*-.^ MHtodteyffllD 


03 SCA WSBYlg S M W EKrteTOy 98 KltodgNul 

“““ “ W?IO»7 



l St 








4 0321 HYOtQN 

5 2020 FOUR 

6 DON)' WESTRAY (USA) R HaBtahnd 4-913- 
T -010 TAXI MANX Sum 390. 


SFBML ID) W Holden 493 Rlforae(97 




IVOL VITESSE fH»B WMtrt«r 97. 

a n 




14 3000 TAKE EFFECT MBrtttin l 

17 0 REATA PASS Jkrmy Fitzgerald 95 JQU*n { . 

18 CULWARYS Norton 8-4 J Lowe 12 

20 STOLQI STAR WWfwton 93_ NCMlrte4 

22 0 EPPYMARNERCGay92 SWabattrO 

23 2303 BALA'S MAGE Q Moore 92 AMaetayS 

11-4 Ba CnaarfU. 7-2 Royal Crofter. 9-2 Scawsby Lns. 11- 

‘ 91 Laartng Player. 191 Kata's Imago, 2-1 

2 Cralgendarroch. 
RaaaPass. 14-1 c 

15-8'Four Star Thrust 114 RapW Lad. 79 Taxi Man. 91 
wasfray. 91 Hyokln.12-1 others. ; .- 

130 HUMBER BRIDGE HANDICAP (£1.395: 2m 3f 
100 yd) (8) • 

2 1042 LOVE WALKED MW Holden 5-9-8- R«Me&4 

3 10)9 mraET MSTHC JHw»9M J*2"5 

5 0001 MUSIC WtSTRa-CNeteon 3913 -HMM 3 

6 -440 PHEASANT HBGHTSH Candy 3911---—T¥Meeie 2 

7 0440 AUTE MCXINS (Q R ItoWtthesd 9910 — W HwdS 

BEAU NAVET VY Turner 598 : MMMer7 

8 0/04 BEAU NAVET WTumer 598. 

11 0M4 WELSH GUARD M Britain 4-T 

12 0033 TWB A Smith 7-8-3- 

BeYerley selections 

By Mandarin 

10 Be Cheerful. 130 Court Ruler. 3.0 Rapid Lad. 
3.30 Love Walked In. 4.0 Surprise CalL 430 
Skraggs Plus Two. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
10 Be CheerfoL 130 Care Wood. 3.0 Hyokm- 
3.30 Love Walked In. 4.30 Silver Ancona. 

By Michael Seely 

3.0 Very Special. 4.30 Royal Treaty. 

K Dailey 5 

S Webster 1 

130 Music MfrmraL 52 Pheasant MM944 Low 
VteMed tn. 9i Hal 12-1 Welsh Guard. 14-1 Alft Dickens. 191 

431 PORT OF HULL HANDICAP (£1.895: Im 100 

i ^ ssRssa^sSffssa^s&rauss: 

4 «4 GREHJDaflwSmfei5-»4_ LCfraraocKII 

7 0322 PERSHINOmjlaWiW-, »ThetS 

10 0000 MANABELSBwrtM49lO-4__ APwdS 

11 0102 CNAWBNGV|EWH& Jones 499 

. HuVUM 10 


P MB (7) IS 

12 809 VELOCJTUSJ Hardy 596- 

13 -000 ADUALOH T Caaey 994 — 

14 3010 BOV SAMDFORD WMadde 7-91 — 

17 0000 RLL ABUMPER R Hofoahaad 4-7-11- -- 

)UCamzud» 7-7-11 — Jl0we7 

130 HUIffiER SELLING STAKES (3-Y-O: £93& 7f 
100yd) (14) 

1 4000 NRS NAUGHTY W Wharton 99 —6 

3 3000 ANPUFTMBrtfalnM — KOa«toy7 

4 00 CARRWOCOMPrescoKM C Nutter 13 

5 0000 COURT RULER (Bh Denys SnMi 99 — LCtamock l 

7 900 G LORY T ag (B) WCWaa» 99- OWefroBatt 

10 0024 RUPBIT BROOKE JKottlawaO 99 TleeeB 

11 U00 SElORCELE (B) A PoBa 3-0 SWebatarS 

12 009 BRAMPTON LW D Lae 91 1 Sbnaaell 

14 090 JUST THE TICKET C Bomb 911 BUwU 

15 0000 WSSBESVnCKCIbw911 J Qumo ©4 

16 009 PLAtoOtO ACT W Haigh 911 

17 090 PLATBtUM STAR TKareey 911 — 

18 0000 OURRAT AL ABI M H EaatartM 911 

19 0400 SHY IMSTRESSB McMahan 911 
9-4 Rupert Brooke. 1 1-4 Qwnt M Ain, 91 Court Ruler. 7-1 

Mrs Haughty. 191 Shy Msvess.191 Carr Wood, 14-1 AmpBfy. 
191 others. 

19 930 SMART MART (B) CM Camacho 7-T-1 T 

20 0020 BOLD ARCHER M FrtharetenGodey 3-7-10 

C RiitWjS) 13 

21 0300 FEISTS KtotHE R Wbodhguse 97-7 —- — M R y 1 4 

22 -400 PORTO BtENE DC Tucker 97-7 SPGWHwl 

23 0000 BAUDAREEN J Pvfeas 97-7 MOlWtUWBl 8 

92 Surprise Cal 7-2 PereMng. 4-1 Cfwnrtng IfiareJ 6-1 

Greed. 91 Smart Mart. 191 Boy Sandtord. 14-1 Bold Archer, 
191 others. 

(2-Y-O: £1.429: 7f 100yd) (7) 

3 3433 SfiLVER ANCONA E Bdto 97 AMeetayB 

fi 0034 GWYNBBOOK {8) M W Easterly S-* X Hodgson 1 

7 404 LACK OF PEARLS RWoodhouse 91 J Lowe 7 

a 4004 MUSEVBtjjMP CaNer 91 — 

9 0021 BOLD OH=FB®»CEW Wharton 99 PH>(7)S 

10 3*11 ROYAL TREATY (C-D) N TMder 99 f7^ n TiBfcl#r t 

11 0004 SKRAGGS PLUS TWO DLssle 89 C Rutter (5) 6 

91 SBwer Ancona. 7-2 8kroggs PVa Tw o. 4-1 Bold 

Difference. 91 Royal Treaty. 9i Lack of Pearts. 12-1 
GMynbroofr. 14-1 MusevenL . 


to firm 

-6f , low numbers best 

645 WESTON SELLING STAKES (£1,148: Im) (24 

1 909 ARMORAD (B) P H*Am 4-99 TWBwQ 

A 4-00 SWD0WN5Kr(B)CTtarnton4-95^.JB)eeedWe23 

5 090 VDE0n0Breroan499 NBre«wi12 

80900 EAST STREET WGM Turner 49-0 J8caBy(7)17 

9 0000 HORUSAN(QK Kory 490 RCocfrreoelS 

10 9000 KAVAKAR Hannon 499 W Caraon 14 

12 900 RUN FOH FRED (BF) A Potts *99 5 Webster 1 

13 0003 ANGES VIDEO R Holder 49-11 APreod4 

15 090 OECOY BELLE Mrs N Macartey 49-11— W Wharton 18 

16 0000 REMAINDER TB> JRonfendS 49-11 L-PBnrte (7) 24 

17 -000 SARAVANTA L Hofi 49-1 1 P Waldron 15 

18 0000 TAKE A BREAK O Lang 995 SWUMmWII 

20 4 BEE-XAY-ESSR Hotter 39*3.. 1 Johnson 10 

21 2003 COUNT ALMAVIVA (B) (BF) M Bfenshaitf 399 

W Names 22 

24 000 HBTONBRtWZEC Spares 399 NDey 2 

27P020 TAKE TIE BtSCMTMR Stubbs 3*3 — A MercerS 
90 090 KMSir HUNTER WMackia 399. AOart29 

31 900 METAL-WOODS RULE CVWn 399 DMckxy 3 

32 4000 WSS BETEL B)JL Harris 399 —6 

33 09 HES NON \®®A Mtes L Sddafi 399 AMeckferB 

34 900 SAWiHTREBPVWwyn399 N Hom7 

35 000- SOLENT DAWN W G M Turner 399 _ S CMUs (7) 16 

36 009 SPARE THE BLUSHES RHattnaiiaail399 WRyan21 

37'. SUNTAN P Falgata 399 TQniM5 

7-2 Take A Break. 99 Armorad. 5-1 Count Aimavkra, Res 
Non Verba. 6-1 Take Tbe BisoJL 7-1 Angies VkJeo. 12-1 Bee- 
JKay-Ess. 16-1 others. 

94 Rknbeau. 3-1 Ftedey. 99 Supreme Optimist 5-1 Lady 
Rat 8-1 last Recovery. 10-1 Ingfislsrt 14-1 others. 


4 0003 8WP80W1HE G HarwoocTS9-7- G Stertwr 15 

6 0011 ZAUBARR (B) (USA) B Me 39-7 (4«) MKRaS 

a <jm unn «™ny BtraerokJ 499 A Murray 3 

fG Hum 5-92 NRfcmnar 14 

91-000 LAHNO_ 

12 090 METELSKI 

13 292 

15 0001 

16 0000 

18 2000 

20 090 STAR SUMER 

23 0000 RAPIOANMH 

24 0300 JANIE-O M ~ 

fWhkinfl 69-11 NL Thornes 9 

BA) G Laws 39-10 P WEkfrsn 4 

f M Birch 6 

P Robinson 2 

28 090 KEEP H0PMB G Huftar 393 G Carter (3) 13 

29 0042 CAPA R HoWw ~A 

30 400- ROSE ROCKET JL Hams 499 N0H9UNNER 7 

31 0000 VENTURE TO REFORM A J Wilson 4-7-1 1. .. JLwue 12 
7-4 Zaubarr. 5-2 Srtpboome, 7-2 Cm», 4-1 Dfro Encore. 8- 

1 Lakino, 16-1 others. 

(2-Y-O: 23.574: 6f) (10) 

6 4414 TAKE A WNT M Felforato nJSqdlW ' | 

10 210 CLOWN STREAKfflMH^BrbyM M Bfr^S 

U ■ J W^p p ^.? 1 ==:tSS 

■s ssaugnusnz^gg 





Leicester selections 

By Mandarin 

6,45 Saughtrces. 7.10 Supreme Optimist. 7J5 
ZAUBARR (nap). 8-5 Take A Hint 835 Casbab 
Girl. 9.5 Wolsey. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
6.45 -Armorad. 7.10 Last Recovery. 7J5 Diva 
Encore. 8_5 Panacbc. 835 Blue Guitar. 9.5 

Michael Seely’s selection: 1. 1 0 LADY PAT (nap). 

Y-O: £2,222: 5f) (10) 

1 1349 FLAXLEY /pi R HolhstmcSS-? SPWfceB 


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5 4113 LADY PAT (D) u McCormack 99 J Leech (7) 1 

7 2410 RKBEAU (C-O) F Joitten 9-2 - A Writ 7 

9 0341 FDURWALX Mrs NMaoifoy Q-12 (7ex)_ WWhartoK 

10 140 GOOD BUY BA££Y’S(D)GSinj»-i1 — 

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8 3 5 BASS FILLIES HANDICAP {3-Y-O: £2^34: 7f) 

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14 0028 MADAM MUFFIN JBMhel 89 TOwmlO 

15 0321 ON IMPIIL3E K Brossey 8-1 C R gttr(5) 7 

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20 904 STARBOARD YfBtey 7-7—. JlweB 

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05 WIGSTON STAKES (2-Y-O: C & &£964: 7t) (8) 



0 BUMPD0US 0OY RHoSRSheaO 8-11 , 

8 CASTLE l«GKTS R Amwrang 8-11., 
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99 Wolsey, 11-4 Mil 
Pafeface. 10-T Sunset 


5 Csuthen 2 
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PD’Arcy 4 


L P^goa 8-11— R Cectme 5 
Bank. 32 ForMgn Knight 6-1 
12-1 Casoo 

Cup Diary 

Smith is 
for new 

Laurie Smith, skipper of 
Peter de Savary’s Victory *83, 
the former America's Cop 
challenger, is to apply for 
Australian residencj' in the 
hope of steering one of three 
Kookaburras represenring 
Kevin Parry’s Task Force 10 
syndicate in the defence trials 
starting m November. 

Smith, a former British 
Fireball, Enterprise and Mer- 
lin Rocket champion, who is in 
Spain preparing the Chris 
Griffith-chartered Hagar 
which is to represent Britain in 
the One Ton Cnp, was unable 
to comment, but a spokesman 
for the Australian syndicate 
confirmed that they were do- 
ing everything in their power 
legally to get him as an official 

Smith has been acting as a 
sparring partner to lain Mur- 
ray, the former 18 ft Skiff 
world champion, principal 
helmsman and designer to the 
Parry-backed group, since last 
year but most prove that he 
has been domiciled in Austra- 
lia for two years in order to 
satisfy the Deed of Gift gov- 
erning this 12 metre contest. 

One Briton to have done the 
already is Derek Clarke, an- 
other recruit from de Savary’s 
Victory campaign in Newport, 
who now acts as computer 
expert and navigator to the 
Task Force syndicate which « 
viewed by Graham Walker, 
bead of the Royal Thames 
challenge, as the British sec- 
ond eleven for the large num- 
ber of recruits who now ptay a 
significant role. 



Interest in “Hippo”, the 
radical British 12 metre de- 
signed by David HoUom. is 
intense judging by the number 
of undercover operations 
mounted by other syndicates 
to get a dose glimpse of the yet 
unnamed yacht daring trials 
against tbe Howlett-designed 
Crusader 1. 

“First, we had the Bond 
syndicate manager, John 
Langley, and Skip Lissman 
hovering overhead in tbe 
Channel 9 helicopter and we 
had to run our chase boat op 
alongside the 12 to disguise 
things,” David Arnold, the 
British syndicate chief, said 
after returning from Perth last 
nec k- 

Later Harold Cndmore, the 
British skipper, “invited” the 
Kookaburra support boat car- 
rying designer. Iain Murray, 
to move away and Spud 
Sped ding, the shore manager, 
sporting his Channel 7 son hat 
at a jaunty angle, fended off 
Bond's mighty Black Swan 
powerboat, carrying other 
Channel 9 cameramen ia his 
small inflatable. 

However, the prize for bare- 
faced cheek must go to the 
Kiwis, Two of their number, 
according to Arnold, dressed 
up as cray fishermen and kept 
watch from a white fishing 
boat for several days. 

Reward for a 
slipped disc 

The awards continue to roll 
in for the British team. The 
weekly cock-up presentations 
awarded by Crusader 
shoreman, Chnmley Prime, 
each Friday is proving a 
particular success. The first 
recipient of this award, fash- 
ioned from the damaged plat- 
ing cut from Crusader 1 after 
her skirmish with Sooth Aus- 
tralia, was Harold Cndmore 
for the part he played in 
creating the trophy. The latest 
winner is David Arnold, who 
inadvertently wiped the disc 
dean bolding tbe database of 
information on tbe two boats. 

Ei%n David HoUom, the 
designer, found himself on the 
receiving end of this shores ide 
humonr. Assembly of the keel 
on his radical design proved so 
complex that the crew com- 
missioned a special trophy for 
him — a large square peg tied 
to a smaller round hole. 

Kiwis rally to 
the cause 

Keen interest in the 
America's Cnp in New Zea- 
land appears to have no 
bounds as far as fund-raising 
is concerned. As the Khri 
syndicate prepare for the 
launching of their third 12 
metre on July 26, a pop record 
backing the challenge has 
beaded the charts for me past 
five weeks and a supporters' 
duh, now 15,000 strong, is 
growing at the rate of 500 a 

Funds are expected to read) 
20 million New Zealand dol- 
lars (three times the amount 
budgeted for the British chal- 

Isler switch 

Peter Isler, the American 
winner of this year's 
Lymington Cup match race 
championship who walked out 
on the Courageous syndicate 
three weeks ago, has joined up 
with Dennis Conner's Sail 
America syndicate now based 
in Hawaii. 

Barry Pickthall 



to the 


By Rkbard S tree ton 

EDGBASTON: Warwickshire 
drew with the New Zealanders . 

Any hopes the New Zea- 
landers held of winning this 
match yesterday were dashed 
when Gladstone Small dis- 
missed Edgar and Wright in 
his first and fourth overs. 
Warwickshire left the touring 
team to make 270 in two 
hours 50 minutes but the early 
loss of their experienced open- 
ing pair made the target too 

On a turning pitch War- 
wickshire were unable to press 
home their advantage as Kerr, 

WARWICKSHIRE: First Imwigs 330 I for5 
dec (G W Humpage i 00 not out P A Smith 
77, B M McMMsn 65) 

DA Thome cBlamb 
PA Smith D Watson 

Second qUr^s^ 

Asif Din b M D Crow 





B M McfcWlan c J J Crow b Bracawolf S9 

tG W Hwrpege run out 21 

AM* Panina cCharfleta b Gray ~ — 28 
G J Parsons c Watson b BracnweS _ 13 

G C Small Ibw b Gray 10 

K J Kerr not out 33 

T A Wynton not out 11 

Extras fb9.t>7.nti 4) 20 

into bogey man 

By' John Hettnessy 

Total (9 wtcts dec) 2t0 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-2. 2-18. 3-20. 4-55, 
5-95. 6-122. 7-132. 8-153, 9-157. 
BOWUNG: QiatfiekJ 12-2-21-1: Watson 
7-1-30-2: M 0 Crowe 10-2-3B-1: BracoweO 
32-15-56-2; Gray 26-11-49-2. 

Top and tail: Kerr, batting at No 10. hits a four in his unbeaten 33 for Warwickshire 

NEW ZEALANDERS: Fk» Innings 271 for 
4 dec (M O Crowe 86 not out. J G Wright 

88. J V Coney 56) 

Second Innings 

J G Wright Ibw b Small 

BA Edqar Ibw b Small 

K R Rutherford not out 

J J Crowe not out 

_ 0 

Extras (lb 2. nb 1) 
Total (2 wfcts) — 



FALL OF WICKETS: 1-5. 2-1 8 . 

BOWUNG: Small 6-0-16-2; McMUsn 4-0- 
11-0: Parsons 3-I-1M: Asti Dm 15-4^1. 
O: Munton 6-2-16-0: Thome 5-2-10-0; 
Smith 3-1-18-0. 

Umpires.- J Btrkenshsw and A G T 

their off-spinner, could not 
bowl because of a groin strain. 
Rutherford took the opportu- 
nity to play himself into form 
and he and Jeff Crowe put on 
1 1 8 together in 33 overs before 

the match was given up. 

Small claimed his two wick- 
ets when the batsman, in each 
case, played halfback to a ball 
that moved off the pitch. 
Rutherford, neat and correct, 
and Crowe, who drove with 
growing power, settled down 
without too many qualms. At 
lea the New Zealanders still 
needed 238 and only the 
formalities remained. 

Earlier it was a 65-minute, 
last-wicket stand between 
Kerr and Munton which had 
made the game virtually safe 
for Warwickshire. BracewelL 

were 157 for nine at lunch. 
Afterwards, though, Keir and 
Munton refused to budge. 

The only wicket previously 
to escape the two spinners had 
been that of Hum page, who, 
for Warwickshire supporters, 
provided the main interest as 
he sought to be the first man to 
reach 1,000 runs this season. 
Humpage, 12 not out over- 

night, resumed 42 runs short 

of lis target. He looked full of 
confidence until be swept 
Bracewell hard to backward 
short leg. where the ball fait 

the off-spinner, and Gray, 
left -2 

Martin Crowe’s legs. 

slow left-arm. bowled all 
morning for the touring team 
when the county resumed at 
75 for four. Wickets fell 
regularly and Warwickshire 

Humpage set off for a run 
but the fieldsman recovered 
well and returned the ball to 
the wicketkeeper before 
Humpage could get bade. It 
still left Humpage top of this 

season's aggregate list with 
967 runs and he might yet be 
first to the milestone, in 
today's game with Derbyshire. 
His nearest rivals are Curran, 
with 936 runs. Amiss (920), 
Whitaker (911), who is cur- 
rently injured, John Morris 
(910) and Bailey (908). 

Humpage would be the first 
wicketkeeper in English crick- 
et history to be the first to 
reach i ,000 runs in a season. It 
is also noteworthy that whoev- 
er gets there first will be the 
latest to do so since 1894, 
when William Brockwell of 
Surrey reached the target on 
July 30. Richard Lirmb. of 
Yorkshire, needed until July 
13 in 1979, but a player has 
usually passed 1,000 -runs 
before the end of June. 

Moxon makes history as the 
Indians bow out in style 



By Peter Ball 

beat Yorkshire by five wickets. 

The Indians ended their tour 
with a flourish yesterday, claim- 

ing their first win over a county 

this summer as they re- 
sponded to Canidt's generous 
declaration with a will after 
Martyn Moxon's second cen- 
tury of the match had threat- 
ened to take matters out of their 
own hands. 

Sonie exhilarating hitting by 
Lamba and More, who added 39 
in )0 balls after lea. made their 
target of 255 in 1 95 minutes a 
formality. They achieved their 
first-ever win over their hosts 
with four overs to spare as Paul 
and Pandit also scored fluent 

At the start of play, there was 
still the chance that India could 
win the match completely un- 
aided. Hanley and Moxon re- 
moved that possibility, bauing 
with solid purpose and even- 
tually considerable fluency, as 
theirsiand prospered. Maninder 
failing to recapture the bite and 
accuracy of the previous eve- 
ning as the wicket eased further. 

They had put on 153 in 46 
overs, taking Yorkshire towards 
safety when Hartley was undone 
by a ball which crept. Moxon 
carried on resolutely, sweeping 
and cutting powerfully to reach 
his century in 199 minutes, 
becoming only the ninth 
Yorkshireman to hit two hun- 
dreds in a match. 

If the runs in the later stages 
came from the gentle offerings 

of Srikkanih, Azharuddin and 
PandiL the early part of 
Moxon's innings, when he ar- 
rived with his team in consid- 
erable trouble at 38-4, was 
considerably more testing. 

It was not just a cheap 
hundred against a side bowling 
for a declaration but a perfor- 
mance worthy of putting him 
alongside the illustrious names 
of Denton, Hirst. Rhodes, 
Holmes. Sutcliffe, Lester, 
Hutton and Boycott, who had 
achieved the tear before him. 
Moxon's is unique, the only one 
made against a louring side. 

The match-winning innings. 

(M D Moxon 123. A A 
Vadav 4 for 95) 

Second tintngs 

343 for 7 dec 
92. NS 

K Sharp b Maninder 

key b Lamba 

Hartley b Snkkanth 

P E Rotxnson b Maninder 



A A Metcalfe c Sharma b Maninder — 0 
MD Moxon not out — . 112 

I G Swallow not out 
Extras (b 3. b 6. nb 5) 

In an exciting match, 
Worksop beat Huistpierpoim 
by two wickets yesterday at 
Ellesmere in the fourth 
Woodard School festival (writes 
George Chesterton). 

Speight of Hurstpierpoint, 
who has the remarkable tally of 
more than 1,000 runs, started 
with the confidence of a man in 
form but when 13 chopped the 
ball on to his stumps. Hacked 
had not made it easy for him 

Total (5 wfcts dec) 238 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-0. 2-34. 938. 4^8. 

BOWUNG: Binny 14-9394: Lamba 4-0- 
15-1: Maninder 264-59-3: Yadm 13-1-45- 
0; Srikkanth 7-0-39-1: Azfmruddn 5-0-14- 
0: Patidrt 2.1 -0-1 LO. 

and bowling away .swingers, 
' ' ' l ft 

INDIANS: First Innings 325 tar 6 dec (R 
T Pandit 91). 

however, were played by the 
““ ‘ h fell ir 

visitors. When Srikkanth fell in 
the fifth over, hooking to tong 
leg. there was some doubt 
whether they would respond to 
Carrick’s invitation and it re- 
mained until tea when they had 
reached 6 1 offl9oveis.Thetwo 
overs after the intervals re- 
moved it as Lamba struck 
Carrick consecutively for 4, 6. 6 
and 2 and Shaw was hit for five 
boundaries. More scoring four 
of them. 

In the next over More swung 
once too often after teaching his 
50 off 58 deliveries but 
Azharuddin and Lamba contin- 
ued the carnage as 59 came off 
the first four overs after tea and 
by the time Lamba top edged a 
sweep, the target had been 
reduced to a comfortable 1 1 5 in 
40 minutes. Patil and Pandit 
ensured that there were no last 
minute parties. 

Second hirings 
R Lamba c and b Carrfck 


K Srikkanth c Fletcher b Dennis 5 

tK S Mors c Rotxnson b Garrick 52 

M Azharuddin b Shaw 17 

puisuaded his next four victims 
to edge catches. . . 

In reply. Dexter and Drake 
bowled with fire and determina- 
tion taking three early wickets. 

Darwin kept his head and led his 
side to victory canying his bat 
through for 53 not out. 

SCO RK: H ump jerpoiwt B7 (A Rejd 43j) 
Heckett 6 for 26. C G 

SMPanlD Fletcher 50 

CPandtnotout 56 

*M B Amamath not out 14 

Extras (tt) 6. nb 1) 7 

Total (5 wtas) 2S7 

Seen 3 for 28). 

Worksop 98 lor 8 (R Darwin S3 not out). 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-14.2-106.3-131.4- 
141. 5-222. 

BOWUNG: Dennis 12-2-51-1: Fletcher 10- 
1-49-1: Shaw 9-960-1: Swallow 7-931-0: 
Canick 11-9-70-2. 

Umpires: B Lead beater and D Lloyd. 

Norfhants (5) 
Notts (12) 
Hampshire (3) 

Kent (It 


Touch and go 

Garth le Roux, the Sussex fast 
bowler, is hoping his broken 
finger heals in time for the 
NatWest Trophy quarter-final 
against Yorkshire at Headingtey 
on July 30. Sussex want le Roux 
to play in a second XI match as 
a trial, but Stewart Storey, the 
county coach, said: “It's touch 
and go.” 

GUamogjan (14) 

Somerset (10) 
Sussex (2) 
Derbysfxre (4) 

Lancashire ^14) 

Middlesex (12) 
Surrey (17) 
Wore* (16) 

P W 

8 7 
10 7 

7 6 

9 5 

8 5 

8 5 

9 4 
9 4 
9 4 
8 4 
8 4 

8 3 

7 3 

9 2 

8 2 
a 2 

9 1 

L Nr 

J 0 

T Pts 
0 28 

1985 positions m brackets 

v Somerset Chelmsford: Lever 7-0-21-5, 
not as previously puttshed. 

Bernard GaUacher, Sunday’s, 
golfing saint. became 
yesterday's sinner. His second 
round of 77. six over par for the 
Western Gailes course, seemed 
certain to exdude him from the 
Open Championship starting on 

Gallacher’s course record of 
65 on the first day of die 
qualifying ' competition . had 
seemed to make his second 18 
holes little more than a formal- 
ity, a gentle stroll beside the sea 
along the Ayrshire coast, but 
three shots dropped in the first 
seven holes sowed seeds of 
doubt and the Scottish Ryder 
Cup player's selfconfidence this 
season has beat a- delicate 
characteristic, easily fractured 
and difficult to repair ~ 

Everything had fallen into 
place on Sunday. Now every- 
thing .fell apart. He dropped a 
stroke at six hales and rec- 
ognized that he would need a 
birdie at the 1 8th to have a 
chance of qualifying. His 12- 
foot putt stopped agonizingly an 
inch short of the hole. 

Playing alongside Gallacber, 
Deane Bern an, the commis- 
sioner of the United States 
PGA. had a reverse experience. 
He had begun poorly in the first 
round and recovered to a laud- 
able 70. Another 70 yestenfay 
seemed certain to carry him 

■ Out on the Barassie (Kilmar- 
nock) course the excellence of 
the golf of Guy McQuitty, a 23- 
year-old assistant professional 
at Exeter, caused unexpected 
problems. He had travelled 
North for the qualifying more in 
hope than expectation but his 

second round of 69 took . him. 
through to the championship 
proper, whereupon . he. bad to 
find, somewhere to sleep. for atj 
least four more nights and a 
wardrobe more appropriate to 
the most important event in the 
whole world of golf 

His two-round ’total of- 139, 
three under par, could have 

71, 15 to 

Lonomrir. €& *1; M feckeoBh. Tt. 68- 

mMWMsWB (SA)71.ra:DJ0^79 
70: M S Daws (amawur) 71 Jp-D Seiran 


Gray 69, 72: W Wesmer (SAJja 71; D 

natrtf fo (Ausfraiiaj 71. 71: B Qatooter 65, 



89.68; A Sows 
69. 68: P S 

gSTra 3 # VESFK Wr 

Htftrram (1*3 70,71. 142: M McLoan 74. 
6ft 0 Ray 70. 72; K Wa»ra 6ft 74; J 
Peterson (Aus) 89-73: Yal Sul Men (HJQ 
.mflndge (amateur) 39, 73. 

St I fiS iol Ba (Par 99, 14 to 

73. 69; J . 

been much more exciting bad 
" "1 affected 

“To say I'm annoyed would 
be an understatement,” he said 
afterwards. “I don’t even feel 
philosophical about rt.” It was 
sad to see. 

not a weakness of will ------ 

his game towards the end of ms 
round yesterday. He became too 
cautious, as be himself admit- 
ted, and as a result he surren- 
dered three shots in the last five 
holes. „ • _ 



68. 68/137: A botton iankatBUrtfift ». 9 
WMton 67. 70; R Masters 70. 67: B 
MarctfoaoktSB. 89.138:7 AmourfilST 7ft 
68; G Wares. 69: G Turner (NZJ *TOji G 
T Ritchie 70. 68. m ftftoeiaWS) 7T; 
W McColl 71. 8ft D Pniitt WSJTO,6ftJG 
Bennett 69. 70; A Bagulay 66,73; G Smith 

Barents (Par 71. 15 toqwMyg 13 SJ 
Hartcas (SA) 67, 68; A Brooks 67. ttl» 
R StownrtlCan) 69. 67. 1* 4 Anttjraon 
(Can) 67. 71: O WUmrnja, 69. 13% Q 


R Richardson (SA) 71, 68; M Harwood 
( amateur) 68, 71. MO: J 6 S Rotxnson 
f amateur) 73. 67. 141: V Fernandez | 

T. 74; R BoxaO 73, 68: J Slaughter 

7ii 70; AMtiirayTl. 70: w 
use71. rtkFNobfl 

71;T Rouse 71 

Cromwefl RJS) 69, 72; G — 
Jones 71.70; E PoBand 71. 70. 

Mac faces 
in Moscow 

By Philip NkksaB 

Ascendant star of earthy 
giant from Oklahoma 

It is not often that Severianc 
Ballesteros and Sandy Lyle, two 
giants of the game in stature and 
reputation, are dwarfed on the 
tee. Yet that was the case at 
Tumberry yesterday and it 
could be the case in the 1 (Sth 
Open Championship which 
starts on Thursday. 

For as Ballesteros and Lyle 
began to research their next 
examination, so the newest 
American star to rod off the 
college conveyor belt stepped on 
to the first tee behind them. 

Bob Tway is 6 ft 4 ins talL He 
was bom in Oklahoma City, 
educated at Oklahoma State 
University and he is attached to 
the Oak Tree Club in Edmond, 
Oklahoma, where he lives. He is 
the typical, clean-cul all- 
American. • • : 

He is also, -according to Lee 
Trevino, the next = American 
“superstar" golfer. “If you are 
looking for one then he is your 
guy, “ Trevino said. 

Tway's credentials are 
outstanding. He has won three 
times this season, capturing the 
Andy Williams Open, West- 
chester Classic and A tlan ta Clas- 
sic, and be has earned $460,005 

go out (here and post a score like 
any other event/*. 

Tway passed through Lon- 
don. on ihe way to play the 
Cacharel Under-25 champion- 

ship in France three years ago. 

before < 


Tway: excellent mind 

(about £310.000). Only Greg 

Open. He beat Bernhard Langer 
at the second extra bole in a 
play-off ft was a performance 
which impressed the West Ger- 
man. “He has one of the most 
grooved swings I have -seen," 
Langer said. “He has an ex- 
cellent mind. He is very down to 
earth. He knows what he is 
trying to achieve and he is not 
big-headed about what he has 
done. He is going to be up there 
at the top for a long time." 

but he has never 
peted in Britain. 

“Tve picked a 
spot for my first,” Tway sai 
“But I’ve never seen anything 
quite like this course. The rough 
at Shinnecock Hills was tough 
but you could advance the ball 
out of it. If you go in the rough 
here you could lose a ball, and 
yourself! ... 

“IL was nice to. play my first 
round on .a calm day. I heed to 
get to know the course before 1 
make a game plan. I've had two 
weeks-eff after playing - 12‘ tour- 
namerUs in arow, so I feel nicely 
relaxed," ; . 

Tway meticulously plotted his 
route along Tunjberry’s. narrow 
fairways. There: is a touch of 
Tom Weiskopf about him which 
is hardly surprising as he pat- 
terned his swing on that of the 
1973 Open champion. “1 sup- 
pose it had something io do with 
Tom also being tall" Tway said. 
“But for me he was a beautiful 

Norman, the Australian, wi 
$547,779, has won more money 
in 1986. 

Even so, Tway began this 
season in the Bahamas Classic, 
at Paradise Island, in January, 
as a . bright-eyed. 2 T-yuur-old 
intent moreoa consolidating his 
fine start as a US Professional 
Golfers' Association Tour mem- 
ber after finishing 45ih .in the 
money list in 1985. 

What changed his outlook 
was a victory, only five weeks 
later, in the Andy Williams 

Tway's next step, of course, is 
to win an important champion- 
ship. He challenged for the US 
Open at Shinnecock Hills last 
month where be grasped the 
lead durmgthe final round, .then 
became a victim of the rough at 
the 1 6th hole,.’ 

player to watch. His tempo was 

“k was • good -experience," 
Twfly raid' “hot I View major 
championships' -' no differently 
than any other tournament, f 
accept there is more, importance 
placed on them but you have to 

The progress of Tway bas 
sparked a mini revolution on 
American, fairways. There was 
Amib's “Army" then Jack’s 
“Pack" and Lee's “Fleas". Now 
there . is . Twpy's Twoops"., .“I 
donTijButtmuqb about it- burif 
the people’ enjoy it theii whftt the 
hedc," Tway sakL t ’ . " - - 
• As Open champion be might 
also spark a few headlines. Tway 
To Go— 

Mitchell Platts 


De Havilland goes by the book 

John de Havilland. a city 
merchant banker who is leading 
in the match rifle championship 
for the Hopton Challenge Cup at 
Bisley, keeps the Bible in his 
shooting box (our rifle shooting 
correspondent writes). The Old 
Testament, he points out. shows 
that Ecclesiastes would have 
made a good match rifle 

Chapter One, Verse Six just 
fi tted the shooting conditions on 
the long ranges, for it reads: 
“The wmd goeth towards south 
and tumeth about unto the 
north. It whirieth about contin- 
ually and wind return eth again 
according to his circuits." 

With or without his Bible, de 
Havilland has mastered the 
wind well. Six times match rifle 
champion, shootingat ranges of 
900 to J .200 yards, he on. course 
to retain the title he lost to Dick 
Rosiing Iasi year. 

Transport RCT. 318. CNm Cop (Rhsid 

IMG T««n»fc 1.5m Unlit Wantry. 381 : Z 
"k 3. 6 tti/ 7 t}| Owens, 

RESULTS: Weekend tagragM Tro- 
J Ado Havfltend 

(service rfflek 1 , 

' L 578pts: 2. J M BaiEMIamitton 
1, 574: 3. C N Tremtett(OCHA), 574. 
xlon Cep n ,100 yds); 1 . de 
Hav*antJ 97: 2, M F D Graham (NRC5), 
94; a Mrs P Schroder (OCRA), 94. Edge 
CfcoBeoga Cup (1 ,100 ytfo end 1 ^00 yds): 
LdeHavOfond. 192: 2. Schroder. 187:9#? 
Tabemer (Enttish Villi 187. Armomra 
iJnTwki): 1. J 

Medal (1.2017 yds): UA McABsier 
(NRCSJ. 9*: 2. 0 H Lury (OCRM. 92:1 P B 
Saul 92. VotangtS* Trophy (LMG): 1, r_ 

First Wessex. 364; . 

343. BWey BUM (SR* 1, . Marina A 
Vintner (RfclL 34/24; 2. CaptRJ Hare 
(Royal Anj^ank 34/23; ft WOO j D 
Alexander (FW Yortts), 34/Za RNR 
Championstiips Cock el Oie Ffctt (SmeO 
Anns Efficiency^ 1. HMS Wessex 34. . 
Mersey Cup (wRNR Overall. Ossf 
Officer M Hocking (HMS Vtvkfl. 387. 
Individual Ctwvtan at Anna: 1. Lt L 
MartmdriiJHMS EagletL 443. Clover 6s 
(SR): 1 . Lt-Cdr R Pnjwt«w(HMSWeM«I 
219. G rah a m Trophy (Target 1, 

Martfodate, 95. vScount Etwedeni Cup 
(Pistol Team* 1. HMS Flying Fok_ 42ft 
Vutture Cup (Pistol kxfvtduift 1. CPOH 
SpoorafTynal. 138. Ouks of Weshainstsr 
- 1, HMS Wessex, 649. 


K. VokmgcOs Trophy (LMQ): 1, Ton 
354: 2.Flrvt»Yorks, 325; 3. 150 

r Cap (WRNR SRk 1 . Chad Wren 
sr JHMS Prasuern), 158. Ah 
a Trophy (TR Teem): 1, HMS 

Over the past five years, the 

Wolverhampton jndu dub hare 
almost consistently filled half. of 
the places hi' the British tram. 
So the inrftatioa to theGoodwflT 
Games shonU km corne as no 
sarprise to Malcolm Abbottt, 
the dab coach and mentor. And 
over the next foer days, ftw 
leading members of the dab. will 
face opposition from the Soviet - 
Union, the United States' -and 
assorted. Eastern Wot nations in 
Moscow. . ' - - 

In the forthcoming Common* 
wealth Games' jado eVeoLtoo, of 
the sewn fighters .in the first 
team,- -fo«r — Ktiiitb wown, 
Densign .White, Dennis Stewart 
and Elvis Gordon — are from 
Wolverhampton. It was- sched- 
aled to be- five, until light 
middleweight Fitnroy Davis tost 
a crucial match in the British . 
championships hist month, and 
was demoted to the second team. 

It is understandable -that ti».. 
Russians should be interested in 
Wolverhampton, not least be- 
cause, in the Earopean 
cfaam ptoas hips In Belgrade hi . 
May. the Hgbmeigbi; Brown, 
decisively dispatched the Soviet 
opposition on his way to a sOrar 
medal; and the wayward;: taL 

ented heavyweight, Gordons 
banged the Sonet champion, 
Grigory Veritcfaev, on his pm d, 
before befng crnshed lM' .his 
temerity. ‘ - - r + r ' : - - 

But the dab with a tjny mat 
area in the hack room of 
Heathtown Pnblk Baths,- has 
wrested the judo tHitiativefroni 
the prestigious London dabs 
like The Badokwai,:not-.mify 
once or twice, but year after 

year. ^ \ 

The ' - reason v for 
Wolverhampton's .success, 
accordlig to' -Abbotts, known- 
thronghout the 'sport : as Mac, 
lies partly in the schools, for 
whom he organizes jado courses, - 
and partly in a breakaway from 
the traditional' Japanese .train- 
ing medidA.; ' 

■ While matotaitfng ah enflm- 
siasm for jaito thraagbaat hit 
schools, Mac .mvhed the most 

promising . boys, to his Wolw- 
hampton deb. Anid, Instead tf 
devoting most of foe tune,'as is 
trafitieaal hi jodo, fb randbri, or 
free-fitting practice, -, he; coo- 
centiated. on tedmigae drills. 

; “Sometime^ we wakf spend 
two hoars working on tectinigae, 
vrithoot tearing any.time forthe- 
cootest wmk at ^tite endi. but my 
boys would noteomplain," Mac - 
explained. Thb-was the kind of 1 
training thaT Neil Adams had 

The boys began (p -make an 
impact on both janior add senior 
judo. With an Olynqnc bronze 
medal and a European silver 
medal to his credit. Brown is . 
■yarded as the most capable in 
the British squad since Adams's 
departure. He has five British 
Open tides to JUacrediL'yet Js 
smToaly~23 years, aid.' ' . ” 

White, the middleweight was 
forced to^gor np .a dfi^mn-in ■ 
order to- avoid -fite putstandhig 
talent oTAdams, and, from 1981, 
heM- foe -top- raiddleweigbt spot 
antjl the recent challepge by 
London V Ray ^Stevens. white 
lost his position,' but has now 
regained it. In. these days oS 
video, they carniot be known for 
just one technique, no matter 
how good they may- be at it," 
Mac said. 

Mac is currently a partdnb 
coach to the British national 
squad and envisages' his boys 
doing extremely weD in the 
Commonwealth Games, yet he 
expresses concern fertbe future^ 
“lt. Is difficult for. some of the 
boys to. remain. cn-the dole la 
order to train full time when they 
are going . through' . their, 
twenties," ne said. w -‘ 

Without a change in attitude, 
the- -trend, for the young and - 
eager to win minor inter natio n al 
medals will continue, . bat as 
tbev talents are abort to mature, "■ 
they will be dtotncteit< 
need for a career. “In Wolver- 
hampton, with very high ihp - 
employment, we have no answer 
to that*" he said as he amthfer 
team left fin- Moscow. . -S- - : 







SWANSEA: Briltoh Rail Welsh Ganwul Me* 
England v Northern MM v Wales: 100m: P 

Da«es (Engl. 103«sw. 200m: M SU« (Enm. 
21 29. 400ne S Heard (Engl. 46S8 WJftac M 
Edwards (Wall. 1:4929. Emslay Can- mile: n 
Mali. 387 03 - 

, . lOOOnc M Roberts 

'.45. 110m hurOem N WlalWar (Wall. 

..... Mi buttles: P Seatte («n. 5MZ 

3JWJm slsspiechBUc P MpCoton (Nil. 
836.33. 4 x 100: England. 40-88. 

7.58m. Tnc*e tfmec 0 Wood IWai 
Shot G Savon- (Engj. 17.76. Jt 

Kieboom (AusL S5.88m Hammer M 

(Engl. 6532m. Pole vauft B Hooper 
5 l&n. Bntrah Rei Sprinter Troptnr- 
rowxt E Obeng (Eng). 1043. Wt 

i. M Camns («). 6r*. 31mm. ifiaec: 2. B K5m 
(US). 22sec be land. 3. M Haw* (NethL 2& « P 
westner (Swe). 37. 5. m da Bnm iNetn). 42. 
Feorth Stage: 1. C Map (Noth). 3hr. 5rwi. 
295«. 2. JLongolFr A); 3, J NPhaus (WG1: 4. 
VSn>onnei(Fr AJ. 5. E Menuzjo (W. aU same 
true Bnksh piadngd: 48. D Burton. 3soc 
behmd. 56. C Greenwood: 57. LKershaw. S3. 
S Thompson. aU same ame: 67. M Johnson. 
7mm 5 sec 7g.c MUes. 24mln SOsec. Ororafc 
1. M Canms (fo. flhr. 3Unn. 46sac 2. B Kwg 

SULPHUR SPRWGS. West Virginia: i 

final scores (US unless stated! _ 

January. 7a 66. 71 . J Ferres. 74. 67.66 209: l 
E lder. 70. 69. 70. M Barber. 70. 72 . 67 210: C 
Roonguei. 72. 08. 70 (P R*»l. 211; B 
Crompton. 68. 70 73: 0 Douglass. 70. 70. 71; 
R Tostd. 7fl.72.7IX 21t H Henniig. 73. 71 . 69. 

HAYUNG ISLAM): Laaer H Eiaupean Cbaro- NORTH AMetICA: NadonN Len^yOWn- 

tua. 22 sec bewnd. 3. M HamXjNadil- 23 sec 
4. P Wesiher (Swel 37 sec 5. M da Bnxn 

Australia « Ecfoium v Wi 

100m: R 

Lorrawav (Aus). 1 1.77 set 200m: M Chatman 
(AuSL23 86. 400m: H Berg iBefl. 5288 800m: 
A Mkddto (Wall. £05 68. A Toopy 

(Wat). 9:13.37. 100m HurrSeK J Lauronoet 
IAusi. 1358 400m hwdlee; J LaurendeL 

(Netni 42see BritMiowoea^.Burton.lmn 
48sec Denmd: 33. Greenwood. 2 :lsec: 34. 
Thompson. 2*&. 50. Kersnaw. 5.12; 65. 
Johnson. 13.-3). 78. MHas. 3£09. 

DAYTON. OMk Unfed 9 Wi women's 
open: Leadfan Anal scores (US unless 
stared): 287 J Sedctos. 74. 74. 70 69: S Lima. 
73. 72. 72. 7a 288 B King. 72. 71. 70. 75. A 
OXamorotlaoL 76.69. 69%. 290. P BreOey. 
76. 71. 74. 69; J Rosenthal. 72. 76. 71. 71; A 
AkxXL 75. 69. 74. 72. J DcLnson. 72. 71. 74. 
73: 291: C Morse. 75. 71. 75. 70: D Richard. 
78. 69. 72: 74 

Race 1 : 1 . M Hamsor and D Stbrfpson: 2. M 
Van Rooyen and M Joiberc 1 T Davtson and 
C Graves. Race U i.P Bameo and O SproJ; 
2 . T Dawswn and C Graves: 3. M Van Rooyen 
arc M Jouben 

Clyde to Oitofin Say): 1. Tamrtroot (W 
Dawson), 31 hr. 4ftrtn. 38sec: 2 . OuaM (H 
Moroson). 31.46 57: 3. Jnvny The Fink IG D 

nau Reds 1 Montreal Expos 2. |6 

suspenoea because of ram): New York Mets 
2. Adanu Braves 0: PtttedekX aa Rttkes 5. 
Houston Astros 4-. Loa Angelas Dodgers f. 
ctvcsgo Cubs 3: San D*egQ PacVes 13. Sf 
Louts Csrdffwts & San Frarosco Gants 11. 
pmsbtvgh Pnoes 4. American League: 
Cdtftoma Ange* 12. Boston Red Sox 3: 

Texas Rangers 5. Cleveland Indians 3: 
Oakland Atchbcs 

Semple). 3147 20 


triafc I. C Gibson (Wandsworm Dstr^^^hr 

WILUAMSBURG. Virginia: Men's 


56 53 Lari} Jump: G Regan (Wan. 623. High 

* — an. LBZ. ■ ‘ * 

I 2 rmn )7sec. Team: 29m Wheelers. ‘ 
(Thanet RC). 1:5036. Team: Hameub RC. 

to«jx M Hiignes (Wan. f 8 Z. Shoe A Btefme 
(Aosl. 1B70m.6.0 

1.6 oa Match reeutt: 1 . Wales 

ano Ausnala. I06cxs. 3. Befokim. 92. 
MOSCOW: Goodwin Games: Men's 
l. S Gun 

platform dlww I. S Gundev (USSR). 
60S 30pts. 2. D Watson (USL 593.34: 3. Gao 
Feng_(Cfwia) 569.35- _ _ 

BRUS^LS: 400m: D Clark IAusi. 45^6. 
BOOhk P Scammel (Aus). 1.47 75. I^OOnc P 
Bourne (Aus). 3 36.99. 110 m hurWes D 
Wngnt iausL 1386. Shot B Cole (Eng). 

BORDER CA: 50 raHeer 1 . S Wtntar 
(Famoorouch - CamOertey). 20323. 10 
miles: 1.T Gipson (Reaatog CQ. 22 mm 



tUS staled I 274 
: f Zoeuer 70. 68. 72. 5«. 276: J MaQd 65 70 
72. a. ara J SMr 70. 66.72.67 27ftS 

HOOi 68 . 69. 74. 67. M O Grody ra. 72. 7a 87 
279: D Frost ISA) 68 . 71. 72. 68 . T^-Chi™ 
Chen (Taiwan) 71. 70. 70. 68: C Rose 69. 7 ? 
70 ® S' S-ra-S®** Iron n TOi 

S 7170: G Pavm 70 72. 69. 6&. D Pootov 07 
72. 72 W. T Sirs 70. 65. 75 . 70. J &S?Sl 66 . 

73. 74. 67. 

WEEK: Cl ■ a sei I and It 1 .Passion 

IS Passax*). France. 2. Gnffm (Nat Saenn 
Centra); 3. mderf (Pon«r/Mome«/Cookf 
Claeses IH end lift 1 . impereior 2. Eaccaftor 
(FDumom. France. 3. As*aTx(W Wsttcflan* 
basses V. VI and VU: 1 . Yenned (R 
□ecbazal). France: 2. Clnpeau (M 
CumbertogeL France. 3. Seadlverms |W 
BoreO. Franca Channel Kandlcapc 1. Ftan* 
Loco IA Le GrosL France: 2. Caroano (J 
LegaBei). France: 3. Zaoocfc iDeiagreeL 

OSTENO: Oregon Eurepaan Chanmlumhlps: 
t . BB. B Borressen iDen); 2 CSSp Bironues. 

10 . Toronto Btoe Jws 5: 

Mraesoa Twsis 5. New York Yankees a 
Cfscago Whts Sox 7. Bammore Onotes 0: 
Deeod Tjgws 5. Kansas. Coy Royals a 
Milwaukee Brawers 5, Sea roe Manners 0. 

w Rappel (WGj: 3. Genymede V. A Casseis 
— - nq. J Then 

Hamilton (Wien wn). 52*8. Tern wortr a ng 


MERSEYSIDE WL 25 mte 1. P ^ndrBjr 


(Chester RC). 5650. 

Merseyside 1 


BRAY WH. Wtoklow: 42 MW 1 . J Power 
iHuSCoweurs), 156:43. 

NORTHAMPTON DCA: 100 oBea tlmvtnafe 1. 

CRAIGLOCKHART: Scotosb chaoyxonsJWo: 
FfnatK Men's sanies: R Scott (Etxnusgni n 
C McGfl (EO rough). 60. 6-4 Women's 
atoofec J Hoioen in Yorvs) ot C Petard 
{Surrey}. 6-4. 6-7. 6-2. 

<GB):'4. Wtodavang. J Thematt (Swe); 5. 
Scarabeo HStnaehiWGLOvereUl.CNiw*. 
M Qas (WG) l6.7pts: 2 . B 8 . 41 7; 3 Caro 
Burgnues. 48.7: 4. Genymeoe v. *8.7. 5 . 
Kleme Bnese. H SeflnadL 52. 

COWES: Six metre itefional dnmptonsMp : 

First nee (stowet » protest l. FJeeit B 
Hartfly (Sreek s. a 

KUALA LUMPUR: Matoystan Open: : fifltte 
Men's stogies: Z Jonhue (Chtofl) bt M Sjtok 
(Mai). IMoTifr-lS Women's s wg Kie : S Ww 
(Chnai bt Wu Jtanqiu (Chmat. 7-1 1 . i2-K>. 11-' 
9 Men's doubles: flaz-K and JStoak(Mal)ttB 
Ertanhj add R HeryantO (ifldO). 15-10. 11-15. 
15-10 Women's doublas: W Jonqw and L 
y«| (Ctwia) M V Fayrm and l Lie (indo). 154. 

G Lonownd (Anwjpe RT). 3^657 iseason s 
toswm.Tkei J * 

Tkane Warenckshre RC. 11:54.17 


B 0 R 0 EAUX:^S 9 i^aM Grand Pita toor- 

m Dec 1. D GMmp ffyna Veto). 4:13.12. 
Team: Tyne Veto. 135.48 
DRKMLteGTON BC: 25 mMtol.O Wtmrfon 

(Notwwnam Ctorton). 5339 Ttene Nottng- 
ham Canon, i 


A (In Earcetonal: Cute 74, Greece 66: Brazil 
39. Cuba 83: Spain 94. Israel 66. So«ei Unon 

105. Greece 93. Group B (in Orisdo): 
Yugoslavn 102. IWy 76: Arqamma 74. UmM 
Sxm 70: Italy 89. Canada 86: YugosBro 

106. Clrna 82. 

ham C&rion. 2:46 45. 

ABERGAVENNY: Otsan Censhaefien Prefes- 
stonel 125 nUes 1 . P Thomas (Anc-H»aort»). 
457 15. 2. J McLou^JWto+ttiW. B 
47MC 3. P Baytort (ModaseS. at tonoth: *. U 
Waisium tBUMn-Condort. at itwi 36so& 
SUNDERLAND ECHO: 72 sUex 1. D Cook 

... __ . W bt K Carisson 

M 64.1-8.7.5. 

NEWPORT, Rhode Want Hal of Feme 
QtsmpionsMpx Stoules temi-knalc: T 

w arson (USlbt E EOwanJs (SA). 6-3 7-6. w 
Scanlon (USj to D Vtseer isaj. 7 - 6 . 7-6. 

Doubtoa seniHlRalf: v Amrurai (India) and T 

WOuson (US) M G Lwndacker and BScfuSB 
(Ooth US). 3-6- 6-1. 6 -* 

Ghana. E Kess (Swttajj. 

Kino / 1 Howien (GBt A. Guana I. P Dixr 
(Switzi: 5, Ptorsea. R CUmpen (G8): 6. 
Scoundrel. B Owen (08) Practice race 1 . 
Fleur. B Hafedy (Sreui. 2. ScoWK SW. ,B Or rerr. 
3. G^ana. E ussi: 4.PertSta. WWhuefKwse- 

Vbu«. 5 Ghana II. P IXxr. 

COWES-DHARD RACE: Best eorraetadttina: 
Gahca. P Fountain (Ft^ 39 hr ^Ofimsi »ec. 

Class 1: 1. Passion. 

2 . Ftrondatoa. p vrepn (Netn 
49 54.25. < 

CLARK CUP (Soya under-19). Barton Pwert 

: Se*eno 3 *s to CcWrers 2 - 0 ; 

Worksop M C*yn 2-0. Brighton to St Mann s 

(FflnyNfl WltiL £52 14. 

FiNSaimY PARK TekrontX 87 taie* 1. G 


Meredtti (Paddiwnn CO. 3SBi. 

ROYAL MAIL BRISTOL GP (106 mtesr 1. G 
Milter (NZ) 4hr8mti3Qsec 2. B Fowler (NZ). 

10: 3. P Oran, seme Bite 
NORWICH BLACXROD (82 mtos): 1. F Kelly. 

2-0: Famed « Oxforo w(o. Reroaro GS m 


I. Racing (Cordoba) 1. NeweB 5 0W Boys3. 

Boca JUnrora ftlmtftoto {Coteoba} 1. vetga 
ea Ptawnse 1 : Rnrer 

Sarri>8ld1:lndep«x#«ito — ----- 
Plate 1. Racing Oub 1: Oeporfivo Espanri 0. 
Tatores (Coidoui i: San Lorenzo do Almwo 
i. Rosano Central i: Temoetlw 0. Oimnasia 
Esanma la Plan 1. liman 0. Argentines 
Juntos (t Esiuttentw de to Plata 1 . Oeporfivo 
lte»eno 1 

□ hkkk 4.H. iB. Thr Manchester 
Wheelers. 13-15.50 

national chawkwswp t r nook. 
DtsWorth. North Yorfaj: >- ~ 

Grwrrtil wj'tr. Sw Wtfcam 

1: Btyanston a n aun 24): Seaton n 
Hereford Smh Form CoHege Z-D: Brentwood 
tt Haberdashers Asies 2-0. RGS Hign 
Wycombe « Charfenxxise Z-O. Eton n 
Rscfev 2-ft MCS to Winchester ~/o: 
Aidanhan bt Si Edwards Oxford w( K 
SedgeW M St Aeans 2-1: Hampton w 
Comer? w/k KCS to Mor* ran Comoe w(a 
U^ m Boumenouih 2-0: Ncxwch bt 5all GS 

(Frf. 44.03.15. 
it 455557; 1 

Conspicuous. 49 54.25. Ctn t s 11 .^1 . 
Oystanihattoier. O Allan. 40:1921: 2. Gh 16 ?- 
Nat Sailing Centre. 49 - 41 . 10 . Cteas Ifc 1 
Rakau. G Louygi 4420-13: 2. A sttnx. W 
Walachaits (BeJL *6:42.45: 3. toypsa 
471908. Ctaas IV: 1 . Decoari Gar toe. R 
Bottotrtay. *0-1937: 2. LXto. A tomato. 
41 50 52: 3. Hmi to Goto. J P WTT. 

Class V: 1 . Cohca. 2. PqriM.. P*a». “ 
HoWsworth, 45&3B: 3- Sratowtos. W 
Stoei. France. 46-2823 dess Wfc l Yermati 
H Dacnazal. France. 435529 2. ChroMU. M 
Cumoenene. France. 4*5822 Ctejrori 
Nnaicapel. Attamaroa. M MU g. ** 4 J* 8: 
2. R« j Turner. 45 4121. 3. Kartoerta. J 
Lagatet. Franco. 47.0757. 

2-0: Gemaa Scnori tt RigOy 2-1. Si SPEEDWAY 


Abngdon tt aranston a (proa*, snerfteto 34 (Sneftoto w«i 79-77 or 

Rt (H 

naden. K Reynolds. C WBfcer. D wnentM. 
. (record): 2. Manchester lWt 2:725. 3. 

2525 (record): 2. Manche^r Wh 2725. 
ImSrtMH SWOT? 1 m l«B miles): 1, p 

Broun. aS-fi 


ENFEIJD: Neherameiti: 1 . G Oefxx*oorex 
(Hall 4hr 10 mm 21 sec 2. G Berwick 

SOVIET LEAGUE: Dynamo M09Cdw 0. DvtW- 
2. Zand Lam 

mo Minsk 2. Zarfi Lannpad 3. Ararat 
Yerevan 1 : Zhakarts V*aws 1 . NoKehi Baku 0: 
Metahst Knarkor 2. Torpedo Kuww i: 
ShakWyor Donetsk 1 . Dynamo TOWN j 
Chemomorets Odesa 3- Axat »na Ate ft 
Oiteto DnepropeWwsk 1 . Taroedo Mosra^ 


(LeeMerf. 4 23 22. 3. A Tngg JLetowawL 

^ L ’Orffonro ftw 0> 

positions: 1 . Torpedo MdSOO". 3ft £ 
SnaHhtyor Donetsk. 19; 3. Dynamo M pscto a. 
18. 4. ongnomore i s Odessa. 18 . 5. Zhai(»iB 

SWPHB 1 DS BUStt ThamH VaVay Hwrfen 

ogaa mat 1 . O Ant (N London). 30 mm 

X* T *^ 

■Dnen .. r . ^ — (ShtohMB). 4927: 


1 ■» rr - - «a *1 IkWMRffU 11 

1 ipts: 2 . SKyrmg. tft ft »towgrove. 41. 

LINCOLN: HH*e dan lc Man: 1. H Jones 

Vima 18 

Park. 113 Women: J. R &s fifoyncWL 
36 16. 2 B awnlHotoHto*4 3728: 3. C 
Oxxxi ffianetogh). 37 37 Teen; I. Hounsloar. 

(Rapefogh HamersL 4657 (courao rmrQl 
J Clark IGt 

15 pis 

j u,.> renmsby Hamers) 61.0 6. ft J 
iGnmTOv Harriers) 52 .17. 1. A 

SmCtox (Lincoln Wrtngan) 6056 (course 

■», | I PA fitF* nueravi*-- — - -j— 

Houw ». Gtosoow 40. PCWi tcroug *. 
Eastbourne 4* M8»nrtaa 34 . Berm* 50. 
Poreroorouqn 38: Canieroury 44, Aram 
Esse* 3*: Store 48 Nowcasat 30. Beetteaii 
lot Hackney): 1. ErirBurqh (L C0*W “fo D 
wy«). 2. Hackney JB T nomas and A Gatreri: 
3 equal. MUennaa (0 Jessup and E 
Mwiagnan) ana Store |P Thorp and N 
Crabtree) ^ 

BRITISH LEAGUE: BeDe Vue 49 BSdttod » 
Covriwy 34. &mnaon J4. Kxig s Lynn 36. 
toswen *2: Braotad 39. Credtoy Heath 39: 
Craoiev Hearn 45. Sheffield 33. 
BlRMMGHAlt M aad B Second crir Trophy: 
14: P Thoro (StokaL G Hevetoex (»Waes- 
breugh) 1Z J Lutohursi (Wanbiodon) ThOTP 
won racMft eganat Havelock 


1 st 




East Division 

Mew York Mats 





Montreal Expos 





PhMdtfptXa PMles 










St Lous Cankrals 





Pittsburgh Pirates 





West Division 

San Fran Grams 





HousBxi Astros 





San Orago Padres 





Adama Bravos 





Cindnat# Reds 





LA Dodgers 






East Division 

Boston Rad Sex 





New York YarAass 





Cleveland todtons 





Bafomore Orioles 





Toronto Slue Jays 



322 m 

Detroit ‘ngare 





Mamukas Bwrets 



<477 14 ft 

Wes* Division 

Cakforria Angels 





Texas Rangers 





Cttcago Wm« Sox 





Kansas Oty Royals 





Seattie Manners 





Miroesoa Twins 





Oakland Athletes 





Pa • percentage. GB 

- Gzmss behind. 



N Spoonef - ----- — - ------ . 

Pnenard and J McCutoifln n S ax* and G 
Lainam( +12. +23) 

• Tony Godden. the 30-year- 
old former West Bromwich 
Albion goalkeeper, has signed a 
ihree-year contract with CheL 
sea. He joined them on loan 
towards the end of last season^ 


British men 
hope to join 
the medal act 

It is the bronze age of British, 
lacrosse as the youngest and 
strongest English men’rs-.ieam 
prepare for the world champion- 
ships on Friday in the humidity 
of Toronto {Peter Tallow 
writes).' They are hoping to 
emulate, or even better, the 
British women’s' first ever 
bronze medal secured in their 
World Cup in Philadelphia last 

The_Engtand team, sfdppered 

by Jeff Mounkey. of 
LC. and Dan Roden, of Mellor,- 
have an average age of 24 years. 
Ofthe 26 players in Toronto. 10 
are new caps and two have the 
advantage of having witnessed 
the American scene. They are 
James Symington and Mark 
Hod kin from Poynton and- 
WilmsJow who are attending 
universities in the States. 

SGUAO: P Contton, G Story, P-GoSn*? 

J Lord. S Moran. J Mounkw, S«ng.- P 
scarratt T Underwood, J- 

Baron. D 

Bwood. P Everartt. K Gosnay. M Gosney. 
M Hodkln, P Bancroft. J SYnpsort. R 

Summere. J Symarown. S Tarpey.' M 
Clarke. P Cotter, PSftOft A raMr, P 
Moore, D Roden. 


One-day international 
{10.45 to 7.00) 

Hanogete: PaWsan v tndto 
Heanor Derbyetere v Lancashire. 

BAIN DAWES TROPHY: Stotthtonakn: 
Hamostoa v Essex. NorthmRon: North- 
amptonshire v Yortrehka. 

Wardown Mark: Bed lord slilre v 
CantxidgesfBre. Kandat Gumoertand v 
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Today’s television and radio pr^rammes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 


BBC 1 

6. 0 0 Ceefax AM, 

6 -SO Brntfctast Time with Frank 
Bough and Selina Scott 


regiona! news, weather 
arfo traffic at £57, 7.27, 
7^ and £ 27 ; national and 
international news at 7.00, 
7.30, 8.00, £30 and 9 . 00 ; 
sport at 750 and 8 Jftand 
• a review of the 
newspapers at . 
the Junior and Adult 
Advice lines; gardening 
hints; and a recipe. The 
guests include actress 
Jean Marsh. 

&20 Ceofex 10.30 Play School 

presented by Chloe 
Ashcroft and Wayne 
^ ^ma^lOJOdMfax, 

1.00 News After Noon with 
' Richard Whitmore and 

Carpenter, includes news 
hSfe&nes with subtitles 
1-25 Regional news. The 
weather details come from 
Ian McCaskili 1.30 
^"gewnouse. A See-Saw 
programme for the very 
young, with Iain Lauchtan 
and Jane Hardy, (r) 1.45 
Ceefax4.l2 Regional 

4.15 Daatardty and Muttley. 

- Cartoon adventures of 
. fearless airman and his 
chum. (0420 Wacky 
Races. Cartoon, (r) 4 J 5 
Think of a Number. 
Johnny Badl takes another 
lighthearted look at 
science and number. 

540 John Craven's 

Newstound 5.K We Are 
the Champions. The final 
of the inter-school field 
and pool competition, 

uiu> uiaL 4 (mi; 

s. Things 
i for DrLegg; 

■ -j. 

. 1 »A 

- • 

. O ‘ •■«; ' 
. ;:t ia, 

. jlC.-* J .-v 

ij. v-5- 

»ldcering from the 
Yarborough Leisure 

- Centre. Lincoln. The 
teams taking part are from 
Brook sward Middle 
School. Milton Keynes; 
Shepshed High School; 
and Penyrtieo! 
Comprehensive School, 

. Gorselnon. 

545 Rod Harris Cartoon Time. 
More cartoons on the 
subject of sleep. 

540 News with Sue Lawley and 
fiances Coverda/e. 

645 LOTdonPtus with John 
Stapleton, Linda Mrtcheif 
and Caroline Righton. 

740 Terry and June. Terry is 
Jealous uvhen June 
receives a missive from a 
childhood sweetheart 
asking to meet her. Sir 
Dennis' advice to Terry 
1 does nothing to help, nor - 
• do words oflove spoken 
by a male voice that Terry 
“ overhears, (r 

740 EsstEnders. 
brighten up for 
. Ethel takes a mysterious 
- telephone call at the 
Queen Vic; and Sue is a 
cause of concern for AIL 
(Gee fax) 

International Athletics. 
David Coleman. Ron 
, Pickering and Stuart 
Storey are the 
commentators at the 
Wikaia meeting in Nice 
where among those due to 
take part Is Steve Cramm. 

040 News with John Humphrys 
and Andrew Harvey. - - 

- Weather. 

940 'ABo 'Altof ReneJs- -- - -- 
'-^reluctantly forced to 

- challenge Monsieur 
Affonse when he realises 
that Alfonse is serious in 
his wish to marry Rene's 

- wife. A diversionary tactic 
worked out by Rene and . 
the Colonel goes awry and 
Rene is forced to take 
desperate measures, (r) 

1040 Miami Vice. Crockett and 
Tubbs go on the trail of a 
drugs dealer after a 
girffriand of Crockett's, 
who was unaware that she 

* was a courier, dies when 
one the five packets of 
drugs she had swallowed 
' iiows up In her stomach. 



6-15 Good Morning Britain 
presented by Anne 
Diamond and Nick Owen. 
News with Geoff Meade at 
and 9JJ0; financial news at 
645: sport at 6.40, 7.40 
and 8^0; exercises at 645 
and 942; cartoon at 745; 
pop music at 745; Jem 
Barnett's postbag at 845; 
addiction expert Joyce 
Ditzier on heroin 
dependency at 943; Tom 
Robinson at 9.12. 


925 Thames news headlines 
followed by Stnmtes 
Beneath the See. Film of 
the chambered nautilus 
940 The Utile Rascals* In 
Arbor Day. (r) 10.10 Jayce 
and the Wheeled 
Warriors. A new aitimated 
fantasy series 1040 
Gaiactiea 80. Part one of a 
science fiction adventure. 
The Super Scouts 1145 
_ Courageous Cat. Cartoon 
1140 AboutBritain. Further ' 
of the Grampian 

1240 Jamla and the Magic 

Torch, (r) 12.10 Rainbow. 

luest Paul Henley, (t) 

1240 The SulBvans. 

140 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 140 Thames news 
140 Tucker’s Witch. The 
husband and wife 
detective team investigate 
.a robbery at an exclusive 
hotel. Starring Catherine 
Hicks and Tim Matheson. 

240 Family Matters. Cotin 
Morris talks to Mrs 
Nelson, the mother of a 
35-year-otd schizophrenic . 
son 340 Mouthtrap. Game 
show presented by Don 
Maclean 345 Themes 
news headlines 340 The 
Young Doctors. Australian 
medical drama serial. 

440 Jamie and the Magic 
Torch. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
noon 4.10 The Mootnhts. 
Cartoon series, (r) 440 
Storybook IntemationaL 
The Hired Help, the 



of a rich termer who 
a peasant Intowc 
him for nothing. (( 

445 Splash 
programme tor 
5.15 Star Choice. Horoscope 
game presented by 
Russell Grant, with Katie 
Boyle and Eve Pollard. 

5- 45 News with Carol Barnes 
6.00 Thames news. 

645 Reporting London. The 
final programme of the 
series and Unsay Chariton 
• investigates the growth of 
American footbaR in 
London; and Michael 
■ Wilson examines the 

. r ’ (l 

1040 Deborah Kerr - Not Just 
an English Rose. The 
actress talks to 
: Christopher Frayfing about 
her career In a programme 
that includes dips mom 
her many films. 

1140 International Athletics. 
Highlights of this 
evening's Grand Prix 
meeting in Nice. 

12,05 Weather. 

number of young: 

Africans who are coming 
to London in order to 
escape National Service 
and the political unrest In 
their country. 

7.00 Emmerdaie Farm. Dolly 
doen't feel Bte celebrating 
her birthday. 

740 international Athletics. 

. The Grand Prix meeting in 
.'Nice, {continued pn . 

• Channel Four).- •- 
840 Film: Russian Rotriefte ' • 

- (1975) starring George 

Segaland Denholm Blfott,- 
ThriBer about a suspended 
-- Mountain Policeman who 
is offered his job bade if he 
successfully captures a 
. . Latvian dissident and hold 
him capthr&until a state 
visit to .Canada by the 

Russian Prime Minister Is 

Lou Lombardo. 

1040 News at Ten with AJastair 
Burnet and Pamela 
Armstrong, followed by 
Thames news headlines. 
1040 SayonaraPetA 

documentary about a visit 

S ^25Geordlesto 
issan'sOppama plant 
near Yokohama, (see 

Choice) : ■ . 

1140 Mann's Best Friends. The 
first of a new comedy 
series starring Fulton 
Mackay as the retired 
water board official 
bringing order to a chaotic 
household in exchange for 
a roof over his head. 

1240 A Cut Above. A profile of 
fashion designer, Bruce 

1245 Night Thoughts. 

Brian Caltem Sayomra Pet, 
on ITV at 1040pm 

1040pm) is. on one level, an 
hour's free publicity for 
Nissan, the Japanese car giant 
But then, once we start 

worrying about things like that, 
we are only a step away from 
dismissing Coronation Street as 
an extended commercial tor 
the fish and chips trade.On Its 
documentary level. S&yonara 
Petit, the quintessential 
twentieth century East meets 
West story. Nissan recruits a 
small group of Geordies and 
packs them off to Yokohama for 
a three-month, on-the-spot 
femfflarizatton course in 
Japanese car production 
methods. Armed with 
technological know-how, the 
enligtttened Tyneside team 
leaders return home to share 
the fruits of their trip with thek 
mates who make up the work 


force at Nissan's vast brand-new 
plant at Washlngton.The film 
is not at rts strongest whan ft 
tries to find pictures to 
substantiate one Geordie s 
ctiance comment about the . 
culture shock awaiting them in 
Japan. Sociologically, there is 
not much mileage to be got out of 

raw fish meals, pin-ball 
arcades, and crowded early 
morning Underground 
trains. When all it said and done, 
the commercial invasion of 
Britain is what Seyonara Pet Is 
really about, and the theme 
achieves its apogee in its closing 
minutes when, over some 
family snapshots of smiling 
Geordies posing wtth their 
smiling Japanese bosses, the 
question Is raised: How will 

these photographs be seen at 
the turn of the century? As 
the stmt of the second Industrial 
Revolution ? Or as a picture 
of the Trojan Horse that put an 
end to the British native car 

•Bast of the rest on TV 
tontebtfl WJkfDfe Showcase 
shocker about death-dealing 
jekyfish (BBC2. 8.00pm), a wide- 
ranging profile of the actress 
Deborah Kmt (BBC1 , 1 040pm), 
and Tom Vernon talking 
CWnese cookingjn Fat Man to 
the Kitchen (BBC2, 7.00pm) 

•Radio choice: Eugene 
O'NeHI's tragic Destm under the 
Elms (Radio 3,740pm), with 
Robert Beatty, and Larry Hants's 
analysts of toe give-away 
newspaper phenomenon in A 
Free Press? (Radio 4, 

840pm)pet er Dayana 

BBC 2 

645 Open University: Falling 
Leaves and Beating 
Hearts. Ends at 7.& 

9.00 Ceefax. 

540 News summery 
540 Terry Waite Takes 
Different View. The 
Archbishop of 
Canterbury's Special 
Envoy in conversation with 
mountaineer. Chris 
Bonington. (First shown 
on BBC North West) 

640 Whistle Test Ro Newton 
visits Spandau Ballet In 
their picturesque French 
retreat where they are 
. preparlngtorthelrre- 
iaunch hxlowlng a year of 
lawsuits over a dispute 
with their management in 
Nashville, Andy Kershaw 
reviews the career of Hank 
. . . WilHams; and introduces 
the new country sound of 
Dwight Yoakam and the 
southern rock of Hank 
Williams Junior David 
Hepworth, in the United 
States, reports on toe 
county's celebrated 
seaside resort, Asbury 
Park. At Kentish Town's 
Town and Country Club 
Robyn Hitch c ock and the 
Egyptians are in concert 
740 Fat Man in the Kitchen. 
Tom Vernon, in his 
Muswell HiU kichen, 
prepares an Eastern feast 
including saute oysters 
with spring onions and 
ginger, lettuce rolls with 
shrimps, chicken with 
cashew nuts, and spiced 
crispy duck with carved 

740 Questions of Defence. 

Part two of the six- 

imme series on the 
'of Nato finds John 
Barry 'with the West 
German Army on 
manouevres along the ■ 
inter-German border as he 
explores the thinking 
behind the decision Tn 
1954 to re-arm Germany, 
a. 00 IWMGte Showcase. The 
Deadliest Creature on 
Earth, when first shown to 
Australian audiences drew 
the largest ratings for a 
nature programme. This 
may be because the title 
referred to the Box 
• .' Jellyfish or Sea Wasp . 
which bathers along toe 
North Queensland coast 
' fear more Than sharks. 

This kilJer jellyfish grows * 
•: tentacles up to tWrty feet- 
longon which are stinging - 
cete that can inflict death 
in minutes. 

840 Stsam Days. Miles 

Kbigton travels toe steam 
line from Fort Wiltiam to 
Mallaig. built at toe end of . 
toe 19th centuTy to 
transport herrings. 

940 Rlnc The Club (1980) 
starring Jack Thompson 
and Graham Kennedy. 
Australian-made drama 
about the tensions within a 
football dub attar a young 
player is bought for a 
record sum. Directed by 
Bruce Beresford. . 

1045 Newsmght Includes a 
• - - report by Vincent Hanna 
on Thursday’s by-election 
1140 Weather. 

1145 Music at Night Ftona 
Kimm (mezzo-soprano), 
with Andrew Ball (piano) 
performs Brahms Von 
ewlge Lie be. 

1140 Open Univetsftr. Adult 
Literacy - The Cape Verde 
Experience (2L Ends at 
12 . 00 . 


240 Their Lordships' House, (r) 

245 Ulster Landscapes. This 
final programme of toe 
series examines the 
impact of planners on toe 
Ulster scene since the end 
of the Second World War. 

340 l=L»: On Approver (1944) 
starring Clive Brook. 
Beatrice LflQe, Google 
Withers and Roland 
Culver. Comedy about 
four people who spend a 
month together ki a castle 
in Scotland asa test to see 
who should marry whom. 
Directed by Clive Brook. 

440 Dandn 1 Days. Anlbal'a 
birthday party is not a 

540 Bewitched. Gladys leaves 
her husband Abner and 
goes to live with Darrin 
and Samantha, much to 
Darrin's horror. He is even 
more depressed when 
Abner shows no sign of 
wanting his wife back. 

540 Pets in Particular. Lesley 
Judd visits Twy cross Zoo 
to see a variety of 
monkeys and find out 
which ones make toe best 
pets; James Allcock Is on 
the Welsh borders to meet 
a chinchilla keeper. 


6.00 Engfish Schools Milk 
Athletics Championships 
from Portsmouth. Future 
Olympic stars in action in 
track and field events. 

640 1986 Tour de France. 
Stage 18. the first 
mountain stage, Bayonne 
to Pau, which induces 
three main dimbs. 

740 Channel Four News with 
Peter Sissons and Aiastalr 
Stewart Indudes a report 
on BR's efforts to improve 
its South East region 

740 Comment from Zena 
Daysh. executive vice- 
chairman of the 
Commonwealth Human 
Ecology Council. Weather. 

840 Brookskte. Sheila refuses 
to believe that Pat was her 
attacker when she agrees 
to go to the police station 
where they are doseiy 
questioning Pat 

840 RAoneyspinner presented 

S Alison Mitchell from a 
opping centre in 
Chatham, Kent. The 
experts on hand to give 
-financial advice are 
Christopher Gilbert of 
: “ what investment? 
magazine; accountant 
Paul Soper, Sally Hawkins 
- from the National 
Association of Citizens 
Advice Bureaux; Howard 
_ Stone, a solicitor and debt 
collector. Jaicqui King. 

940 International Athletics. 
The Grand Prix meeting in 
Nice, continued from ITV. 
9.45 Film: Aprf In Peris (1952) 
starring Doris Day. 
Romantic comedy musical 
about a showgiri who Is 
chosen, by mistake, to 
. represent American 
• theatre ata festival in 
Paris. Directed by David 
1 • Butler. 

1145 The Max Headroom Show 

- includes an interview with 
Sting, (r) 

1240 Archie Bunker’s Place. 
Nobody can believe it 
when Sammy Davis Jr 

an invitation from 
to visit toe bar. 

1240 Their Lordships’ Piece, 

Mgh&ghtsof toeday ^s ^ 

proceedings in to 
of Lords. Ends at 

In the I 



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01 200 7200. Previews July 31. 
Aug i A 2 7.30. poem Aug 4 ai 
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long days JOURNEY 

By tugrac CNe'H 

Direrwd by Jorwuwi Mger 
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1650 01-434 1050- 01-734 

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( Radio 4 ) 

On long wave- VHF variations at 


&£5 Shipping. 6JW News Briefing; 
Weather. 6.10 Farming. 

6.25 Prayer ($) 

&30 Today, incl 6^0, 7 JO, 

&3Q News 6.45 Business 

News. &55, 7,55 Weather. 

7.00. 8JM News. 7^0 
Letters. 7.25. 525 Sport 

7AS Thought for the Day. 

825 Yesierdayin 
Parliament. 8^7 
Weather; Travel 
9JM News 

9.05 Tuesday Call: 01-580 
4411. Phone-in. 

10.00 News; From Our Own 
Correspondent Life and 
politics abroad. 

1030 Morning Story: A 

Position ot Power, by 
Doug Morgan. Reader Ray 

10.45 DaitySennce. (New 

Every Morning, page 38) 


11.00 News; Travel; Thirty- 
minute Theatre. Blue 
Moon, by Gur meat Kasba. 
With Orlando wells. 

Patricia Gallimore and Isabel 

1123 The Living World. 

Naturalists answer 
wildlife questions. 

1240 News; You and Yours. 

Consumer advice. 

1227 Bram of Britein 1988. 

Second Round: North 
west (s). 12L55 Weather. 

120 The World at One: News 
1^40 The Archers. 1-55 

2.00 News: Woman's Hour. 

The preparations for the 
royal wedding on July 23- 

3JM News; The Afternoon 
Play. Gemma s Children, 
by Dorothy Gharbaquf. With 
Brid Brennan and 
Kaleem Janjua (s) 

4.00 News 

44)5 Soundings. Bernard 
Jackson visits St Just 
Cornwall, where fhe recent 
closure of the local tin 
mine means a Weak future 
(or hundreds of people. 

420 Kaleidoscope. Last 
night sedition, repealed. 
54)0 PM; News Magazine. 

520 Shipping. S2S 

6.00 News: Financial Report 
620 Counterpoint Musical 

quiz. Chairman Ned 
Shemn- first round; Heat 1 - 
Valerie Round Mayne. 
U«norGerstan and Jennifer 

7.00 News 
74)5 The Archers 
720 Fite on 4. 

820 Sounds Like . . . (new 
series) Jill Balcon. 

Patricia Galiimore and 
Richard Pasco celebrate 
our tekne friends in verse, 
prose and music. 

&30 The Tuesday Feature: A 
Free Press? LarTy Harris 
reports on toe struggle 
between old and new tn 
the pnnt revolution that 
reverberates far beyond 
Fleet Street. 

9.00 in Touch. For people with 
a visual handicap. 

920 Writers on Blue Paper. 

(2) Vendetta, by the 
Ethiopian writer Hama Tuma. 
9.45 Kateidoscope-lndudes 
comment on the Proms, 
and on Molly Lefebure's 
book Bondage of Love 
10-15 A Book at Bedtime: The 
Third Policeman (2). 

Reader: Patrick Magee. 

1020 The World Tonight 
11.15 The Financial Work! 


1120 Today in Parliament 

12.00 News; Weather. 

VHF (available in England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except; 5.55-6-OOam Weather. 
Travel. 125-2.00pm 
Listening Comer . 5-50-5.55 
PM (continued). 11.30- 
12.10am Open University: 

C Radio 3 ) 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 

625 Weather. 7.00 News 
74JS Concert Hoffmann 
(Merry Musicians 
overture). Schumann 
(Kreistenana. Op 16: 

Argench. piano). Offenbach 
(Barcarole from Tales of 
Hoffmann), Offenbach (Vert- 
Vert overture). 8.00 News 
8.05 Concert (contd): Pepusch 
(Chamber Symphony in 
0 minor). Mozart (Piano Trio 
in C. K 548). Chaminade 
(Flute Concertino, with 
Galway as soloist), 

Waldteufel (Les Scenes 
waltz).. Turina (Rapsodia 
sinfortica: Alicia de Larrocha. 
piano). 94)0 News 
94)5 This Week’s Composer; 
Tetemann. Includes toe 
5ofc> in A major .for viohn 
(Jaap Schroder) and 
continue (Gustav Leonhardt 
harpsichord) and the 
Conclusion in D major for 
oboe (Ad Mater), trumpet 
(Maunce Andre), strings and 

104)0 Music for St Switoin's 
Day- BBC Northern 
Singers and Elsa Kendal 
(mezzo). Copland (In the 
beginning). Willy Burknard 
(D>e Smtflut) 

10.40 Christian Blackshaw; 
piano redtal. Schubert 
(ABegretto in C minor. 0 915, 
and Sonata in D, D 850) 

11.35 Shostakovich: Media 
Smng Quartet ptay toe 
Quartet NO 8 in C minor 
12.00 BBC Scottish SO (under 
Maksymiuk). with Iona 
Brovin (villm). Mozart (Magic 
Flute ovadrture).. 

Stravinsky (Variations for 
Orchestra). Mozart 
(Violin Conceno No 3). 
Pgnhsrski (Kroniki 
Maevrskie). 1J>0 News 

1.05 Clarinet and piano: 

Laszlo Horvath and Ktere 
Kormendi. Weiner (Baflade. 
Op 8). Kalmar (Monologo 
5). Durko (Three Essays). 
Bartok (Hungarian 

1A5 Guitar encores: Turibio 
Santos plays works by 
Mateo Albemz. Mendelssohn 
(Canzonetta from Stnng 
Quartet. Op 12). Bach. 
Tanega and Delpnm 
A lard (Study No 2. Op 19) 
2.15 Delius. Poulenc. Faure: 

Delius (Violin Sonata No 
3: Sammons/Long; and 
CynaraJor baritone and 
orchestra). Poulenc (Stabat 
Mater tor 

soprano, cnorus. orchestra), 
Faure (Requiem: 

Cleveland Orchestra and 
Chorus and singers Page 
and Lawrence) 

4.00 Chilingirian Stnng 

Quartet: Mozart (Quarter 
in F. K 370.for oboe and 
stnngs. with Gordon 
Hunt.oboe) and Berg (Lyric 
Suite). 4.55 News 
54)0 Mainly for Pleasure: 

Ricnarq Baker presents 
recorded music selection 
6.30 Northern Madnaaiists: 
Consort Of Musicke in 
works by Andrea Gabrieli. 
Giovanni Gabrieli, 

Mogens. Hans Nielsen. 
Bordngrevinck, Aagesen, 
Brachrogoe. Schutz. and 
Johann Grabbe 

7.05 Beethoven and Brahms: 
Parikian (violin), and 
Milne(piano). Beethoven 
(Sonata in A. Op 12 No 
2). Brahms (Scherzo in C 
minor. FAE Sonata) 

7230 Desire under the Elms; 
Eugene O'Neill's play, 

9.15 Handel; L Ecole 

d'Orphee perform Trio- 
Sonata in F. Op 5 No 6 
9.30 Philip Jenkms (piano); 
Copland (Four piano 
Hues). Britten (Night piece). 
Alwyn (Sonata alia 

104)0 Cheltenham Festivals 
City of London Sinfoma 

(under H«kox).wito Heather 
Harper (soprano). 

Malcolm Layfieid (viofin).Part 
one. Schubert 
(Symphony No 5). Michael 
Berkeley (the song cycle 
Songs ot Awakening Love) 
1020 in the Midst of Silence: 

Clare Bonass reads 

poems by Inna 


11.10 Cheltenham Festival 
(part two); Schubert 
(Rondo in A. D 438; and 
Symphony No 3) 

1127 News. 124)0 Closedown 
On VHF only: - 

625 Open University. Modem 
arc La Roche Cotieaton. 

Until 625am 

C Radio 2 ) 

4.00am Charles Move (s) 520 
Ray Moore (s) 7.30 Derek Jameson 
(s) 920 Ken Bruce (s) 11-00 
Jimmy Young. Medical questions 
answered by Dr Mike Smith. 

I.OSpm David Jacobs (s) 2.05 
Gloria HuraVrtord 320 David 
Hamilton (s) 5.05 John Dunn (s) 

7.00 Moira Stuart presents. The 
BBC Radio Orchestra (s) 925 
Sports Desk 10.00 The 
impressionists.lO JO Sloe 
Coaches. Starring Roy Kinnear 
and Andrew Sachs 11.00 Brian 
Matthew presents Round 
Midnight (stereo from midnight) 
1,00am BUI Rennells presents 
Nightride (s) 3.00-4.00 A Little Night 
Music (s) 

( Radio 1 ) 

520am Andy Peebles 7.00 
Mike Smith's Breakfast Show 9-30 
Simon Bates 114)0 Radio i 
Roadshow from Whitley Bay 1220 
Newsbeat (Frank Partridge) 

12.45 Gary Davies (tote week’s Top 
40 singles chart) 34)0 Steve 
w right 520 Newsbeat (Frank 
Partndqe) 5 AS Bruno Brookes, 
incf at 6.30. “ 

720 Janice I 
WaRers' Diary 1 

at 6.30. Top 40 sinakes chart 
) Janice Long, incl John 
tars' Diary 104)0-12-00 John 


6410 Newscesk BteO Coumarpomt 7M 

News 7.08 Twenty-Four Hours 730 

Purtmg Politics in its Place 7,45 m The 

Cage 8.00 News MS Reflections 8.15 

Japan Walks 8430 bszt 94X1 Nows 9419 

Review of the British Press 9.15 World 

Today 9430 Financial News 9M Look 

A nead 9.45 What's News tOM News 
104)1 Windows on the Universe 114)0 

News 114)9 News About Britain 11.15 

waveguide 11.25 A Lenar from Scotland 

11 JO Journey Through Latino America 

• Ratvo mwsreel 12.15 APoOce- 

1*00 1 - - _ 

man's Lot 12A5 Sports Roundup 14)0 

News 1.09 Twenty-Four Hours 1 JO to the 

Cage 1.45 Reconfcng of the Week 24KJ 

Drnook 2.45 Pied Peer MO Radio 

Newsreel 3.15 A Jofly Good Show 44X5 
News 409 Commentary 4.15 Omnibus 

545 Sports Roundup 7^5 Report on 

Religion 44X) News 84)9 Twenty-Four 
Hours BJO Omnibus 94)0 News 94)1 On 

the Box 9.10 Book Choice 9.15 Concert 

Hall 104)0 News 104)9 The World Today 

1025 A Letter From Scotland 1020 
Financial News 1040 Reflections 1045 

Sports Roundup 114)0 News 11-09 Com- 

. mantary 11.15 Off the Beaten Track 1120 

inner Space 124)0 News 12.09 News 

About Brttaki 12.15 Rateo Newsreel 1220 

Ommbus 14X5 News 121 Outlook 120 

Report on Reftoon 1*5 Country Slyte 

24X5 News 2.09 Review ol tiw British 
Press 2.15 Tenor and Baritone 220 

' Of the Blue Tram 3410 News 34M 

News About Britain 3. 15 The World Today 

445 Reflections 420 Fnancai News 54W 

News 5.0B Twenty-Four Horn 525 World 
Today. Afl times to GUT. 

DROI WALES 525pm-C4X> 
PPL>_1 wnas Today 825-74)0 Pad- 
tees Up 920-1020 The Coalers' Cru- 
sade 124KSOI-12.10 News and weather 
SCOTLAND aatem-1020 CTV 1 
1020-1020 Ootaman 1Z45 bbi- 14X) De- 
cades 625-748 Reporting Scotland 
1020-1120 Three s Company 1120- 
UA5 Rhode 1125- 1248am Meme- 
tional Athletics 1225-12-10 weather. 
NORTHERN RBJkND 220mn-4.12 
Racing from Down Royal 525-520 
Today s Sport 520-648 Inside Ulster 
62S-7J8 Rolf Harris Cartoon Time. 
1205am-12.10mn News and weath- 
er. ENGLAND 625pB-74X) Regional 


Sesame Soaer 1020-1120 Double 
Exposml20 Channel Newe and weath- 
er 120-220 Country Practice 5.12 
Puffln e PHQce 5.1S-5A5 Sons and 

Daughters 648 Channel Report 620 
TbeMIke Hard* Bend 625-748 Croes- 
roads 820 Duty Free 920-1048 
ws of Edgar Walace 1220 Weather, 

HTV WEST *» London 

ni capt 925am HTV 

News followed by Struggle Beneath 
the Sea 920 snort Story Theatre 1020 
Woridng Aoematives 1045 Ralnr 
Along wtih Nancy 11.10-1120 Everyday 
China 120 HTV News 120-220 The 
Baron 5.15-545 Me and My Ghl 648 HT\ 
News 625-748 Crossroads 820 
Duty Free 94XMG48 Bndeshasd Revf*^ 
ed 1120 Man in eStetcasa 1220 
Weather, Close. 


News 920 Sesame Street 1025 R«- 
tum from OTyrraxa 1045-1120 The Utile 
House on the Prairie 120 Regional 
News 125 Loakaroieid 120-220 Simon 
and Simon 5.1 S-545 Whose Baby^ 

848 Northern Life 620-748 Crossroads 
820 Duty Free 948-1000 
BrfdNhaad Revisited 11 20 The Early 
Beaties 1220 teOustry Year 1988 


REGIONAL TElty^ldWAffw^bN’S 

TV*? As London except 925 TVS 
1 '** Outlook 928 Sesame Street 
1020-1120 Fttrrr Double Exposure 
(1954) 120 TVS News 120-130 A Coun- 
Iry Pracoce&12-5.45 TVS News 
HeadRnes telloweO by Sons and DaugtF 
ters 648 Coast to Coast 625 Police 
5 625-748 Crossroads 820 Duty Free 
920-1000 BndeehaaO ftevistfed 
1120 The Mysteries ol Edgar Wallace 
1220 Company, dose. 
BagaeaBB 925 once upon a 
T une . . . Man 955 About Bream 
1020 Abbot and Costello Camofl 1025 
Crown Green Bowls 1125-1248 
Max the Mouse 120 Border News 120 
Crown Oeen Bowls 225-220 Home 
Cookery Club 320-448 Sons and Daugh- 
ters &1ML65 Me and My Girl 648 
Lookaround Tuesday 625-7.00 Cross- 
roads 820 Duty Free 9410-1048 
Bndeshead Revatted 1248 Weather, 

CENTRAL A 5 tx w*jn aweot: 

Rlnc The Card (t 951 . Alec Guineas) 

11.15 CosnucZoom 1125-11.30 Home 
Cookery Club 1220-148 Gardening 
Time 120 Ceneai News 120-220 Play: 
Ifs No Crush. I'm In Love 5.15-S45 
Who's The Boss? 848 Crossroads 825. 
748 Central News 820 Duty Free 
94MM 048 Bndeshead Revisited 11 20 
The Early Beaties 1220 Close fol- 
lowed by Central Jobflnder. 

ANGLIA As London except 
SESafcie 925 Anglia News and 
weather meowed by Sesame Sfreet 
1020 Cartoon Time 1025 Gtenroa 114»- 
1120 Once Upon aTlme ... Man 
1220-148 Gardens tor A1 128-120 Ad- 
glia News and Weather 348-320 
Star Choce 5.15-545 Emmerdaie Fann 
648 About Anglia 625 Crossroads 
748-720 Me and My Gkl 820 Duty Free 
848-1048 Bndeshead Revetted 
1120TJ Hooker 1225 Tuesday Topic, 


625 Wales At Six. 

TtoW As London except 925 
1 Sesame Street 1025 captain 
Scarlet and the MystBrons 1020 Max 
the Mouse 1148-1120 Connections . . 
1220-148 Leave it <0 Mrs O'Brien 
12QTSW News 120-220 Han toHart . 
32S TSW News 328448 Sons and 
Daughters 5.15 Qus Honeybun's Magic 
Birthdays 520-545 Crossroads 848 
Today South West 625 Televiews 625- 
720 Carson's Law 820 Duty Free 
94)0-1048 Bndeshead Revisited 1120 
Poetscnpt 1125 Marm's Beet 
Friends 12415 Weather, dose. 


920 Once Upon a Time . . . Man 
1025 Sesame Street 1050 Soon Story 
Theatre 11.16-1120 The Smurfs 
1220-148 Gardening T*ne 120 North 
News 120-220 Ptay: Summer 
Switch 5.15-5.45 Emmeidale Farm 948 
North Tomgw and weather 62S 
Crossroads 74)0-720 Me and My GW 
820 Duty Free 948-1048 
Brideshead Revisited 1120 The Early 
Seatlas 1220 North haaiflmes and 
weatner. dose. 

Ae London ex- 
cept: S25 Calendar 
News and weather followed bv Jayce 
arid the Wheeled Wtimors 920 Chateaux 
de le Lotte 1 045 Siort Sooty Theatre 
114)5-1 120 Captain Scarier an) the 
Mysterons 1220-148 Calendar 
Lunchtime Uve 120 Calendar News 120 
Horses fdr Courses 24)0-220 Leave 
ft to Mrs O'Brien 325 Calendar News 
320-448 A Country Pracoce 5.15- 
545 Whose Baby? 648 Calendar 925- 
7.00 Crossroads 820 Duty Free 
948-1048 Brideanead flevtated 1120 
Mann's Best Friends 1248 Show Ex- 
press 1220 Ctosa. 

exp 148 Dandn' Days 120 Alice 
SZ2£ ago Ffaiabslam 2.15 interval 320 
The Sons ot Abraham 320 An 
Englishman's Home 420 Bewitched 648 
Peppmo 520 Moneysptnner 600 En- 
glish Schools Mi6 In Action Track and 
Field Championships 630 1986 Tour 
de France 748 Newyddton Suth 720 . 
Cain Gwlad 600 Assfcmment Adven- 
ture. News Headbnes 605 ChateauvaDon 
1005 tinamanonal Athletics 1045 
Film: Hoodwink 0861) 1220 Ctosa. 

SCOTTISH A* Londono*- 
SkiiU-ELicept 625 The Cham- 
pions 1025 Canadian Documentary 
1025 Geinroe 1148-1120 Mr T 1220- - 
148 Gardening Time 120 Scottish 
News 120-220 Man In A Suitcase 320- 
448 Sons and Dautfrters 615-545 
Emmerdeta Farm 848 Scottish News and 
Scotland Today 635 Crossroads 
748-720 Taka The Huh Rood 630 Duty 
Free 948-1600 Brideshaod Revisit- 
ed 1120 Late CW1 1125 Under The Vol- 
cano 1225 Cloeedown. 

Ill STER As London except 

925 The Day Ahead toL 

lowed by Blockbusiara 
Street 1650 


Jack Hotoom 1120-1120 

Cartoon Time 120 Luncntima 122 
Canoon f20.220CMpsS200reamc 
358-448 Ulster News 615-545 
Whose Baby? 648 Usiatsr News4L05 
Portrait of Gladys Knigm end the 
Pfps. 625-7.00 Crossroads 630 Outy 
Free 948-1600 Brideshsad RevtaH- 
ad 1120 The Earty Beaties 1220 News. . 

GRANADA AsLan aon **- 

urwiwi/w cept 925 Grenada 
Reports 920 The Groat North Face 
Air Race S25Atxxn Britain 1020 Grena- 
de Reports 1025 Crown Green 
Bowls 1125-1248 Granada Reports 120 
Grenada Reports 120 Crown Green 
Bowfcng 225-220 Granada Reports 348 
Short s»rr Theatre 325 Grenade 
Reports 320-448 Sons and Daughters 
616645 Music Alive 600 Granada 
Reports 630 This Is Your Right 635-748 
Crossroads 620 Duty free 9.00- 
1048 Bndeshead Revtsaed 1120 Man in 
a Suitcase 1220 C lo s edown. 

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MARCH 1987 

dllMnrd 437 4606 734 9S35. 
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First published fa) 1785 

6 * * * * * . 


Cowley plans 

legal action 

Annette Cowley, the swim- 
mer who together with the 
athlete. Zola Budd. has been 
banned from competing at the 
thirteenth Commonwealth 
Games in Edinburgh, is pre- 
pared to take her eligibility’ 
case to law to seek reinstate- 
ment in the England team. 
Miss Budd has yet to an- 
nounce whether she will take 
similar action. 

With only nine days to go 
before Prince Philip opens the 
Games in Meadowbank Stadi- 
um. the boycott of five African 
nations is still firm despite the 
Commonwealth Games 
Federation's decision on Sun- 
day that Miss Budd and Miss 
Cowley, who were both bom 
in South Africa, are ineligible 
because they do not have the 
residential qualifications. 

In a statement after 
Sunday's meeting. Mr Peter 
Heatly. of Scotland, the feder- 
ation chairman, said that the 
decision could be challenged 
only in the courts. Now Miss 
Cowley, who is the national 
100 and 200 metres freestyle 
champion and was selected for 
both events as well as the 
relay, is considering this 

Kevin Bewley, Miss 
Cowley's coach at Wigan 
Wasps, said yesterday: “ We 
will be taking legal advice and 
if we are advised that we have 
got a good case then we will go 
ahead. We hope we can still 
get Annette back into the 
team. While there is a chance 
we are going to press on.” 

The club will discuss the 
matter with a solicitor, who 
acted on their behalf when 
Miss Cowley won an appeal to 
the Amateur Swimming Asso- 
ciation last month, after they 
had originally declared her 

But the ASA will not appeal 
to the federation on the 
swimmer's behalf. David 
Reeves, the ASA secretary, 
said yesterday: "As far as we 
are concerned they have 
reached the end of the road. 

By John Good body 

They have gone to the people 
who make the rules and wrote 
the book. Tf that is how the 
federation has interpreted it, 
then that is it. We shall not 
appeal or press them in any 

Miss Cowley, who was bom 
in Cape Town, is studying at 
University of Texas. Although 
she has a British passport she 
needs to satisfy another condi- 
tion to ensure eligibility. 

Since she has not lived for 
six of the last 12 months in 
England, her case has rested 
on her future residence. She 
claimed that her intention was 
to reside permanently in En- 

and and that she was there- 
fore eligible. 

Her claim seems weaker 
than that of Miss Budd. who 
has bought a house near 
Guildford because she has no 
recent record of living in 
England. The problem is that 
the federation's constitution is 
inadequately drafted to deal 
with competitors in this 


situation because it was 
designed to allow easy move 
mem between countries with 

in the Commonwealth. 

Miss Cowley, whose parents 
had been planning to come to 
Britain from South Africa to 
watch her compete, said that 
even if she did not swim she 
would go to Edinburgh as a 
spectator. "For the moment I 
am taking one step at a lime, 
she said. My preparations 
have been going really well 
and I was just tapering down 
before going to Edinburgh." 

Miss Cowley, aged 19, is 
almost certain to be picked to 
represent Britain at the world 
championships in Madrid 
next month when her eligibil 
iiy would not be questioned 
because she holds a British 
passport. Similarly. Miss 
Budd. the world record holder 
at 5.000 metres, wi I loom pete 
in the European track and 
field championships in Stun 
gart next month. 

Budd compromise 

By Cliff Temple 

The 1,000 metres race 
which Zola Budd had intended 
to use as her final sharpener 
for the Commonwealth 
Games, daring the Pearl As- 
surance Invitation meeting at 
the Alexander Stadium, Bir- 
mingham, next Friday and 
Saturday, has taken on a new 
significance in the light of the 
weekend's events. 

Miss Budd, who is also doe 
to race 800 metres in a meeting 
near Barcelona tomorrow, will 
be up against the Common- 
wealth 800 metres champion, 
Kirsty Wade, in the Birming- 
ham event. Mrs Wade, who set 
the United Kingdom 800 me- 
tres record of 1 min 57.42 sec 
last year, is thus some three 
seconds faster than Miss Budd 
whose best, set in Switzerland 
last month, is 2 min 00.55 sec. 

But at 1,500 metres. Miss 
Budd's UK record of 3 min 

59.96 sec is in torn some three 
seconds faster than Mrs 
Wade's best. So a meeting at a 
neutral distance should pro- 
vide a race to equal the epic at 
Crystal Palace last Friday 
when Miss Budd showed a 
rare chink in her armour, 
finishing third in the 2,000 
metres behind the Romanian 
winner, Maridcia Puica. and 
Yvonne Murray, from Scot- 

Steve Cram is expected to 
tackle the 800 metres in 
Birmingham following his out- 
ing at the same distance in 
Nice tonight and there will be 
a valuable opportunity for the 
England spruit relay team of 
Daley Thompson, John Regis, 
Linford Christie and Mike 
McFarlane, to try out their 
baton change in competitive 
conditions before Edinburgh. 

Sweet yet unsung champion 

From Pat Butcher, 

Athletics Correspondent 
Nice . 

Yesterday’s headlines were 
an immediate testament to 
Maricica Puica's problem. ”1 
am the one who wins the 
Olympic title and sets the 
world record, yet all I ever see 
in the newspapers and maga- 
zines is line after line about 
Zola Budd and Ma/y Decker, 
and I merit a small 

The exclusion of Miss Budd 
from the Commonwealth 
Games was a special case in 
point as yesterday’s front 
page stories demonstrated, but 
Saturday's reports of Mrs 
Puica's 2,000m world record 
at Crystal Palace were subsid- 
iary ihe latest news on Miss 
Budd. who finished third in 
the race. And many people 

Puica: volatile and voluble 

would be hard-pressed to re- 
member that Mrs Puica won 
the Olympic title in the 
3.000m race where Miss Deck- 
er. now Mrs Slaney. fell, and 
Miss Budd finished seventh. 

Miss Budd has failed to beat 
Mrs Puica in their five subse- 

Cheshire Homes 
are all about 

-in so many ways. 


Faundtr Croup Cipiein 
LtOMtS Chnbtir. V C. Oii. DSO. DFC 

The residents in Leonard Cheshire Homes are very severely 
handicapped men. women and children suffering from a wide range 
of conditions. Sometimes unable to speak, or to move much more 
than a hand or foot. 

A Cheshire Home offers them much more than just physical 
care, h gives them the dignity and freedom that is their right as 
individuals, the opportunity of friendship, a sense of purpose and a 
chance to participate. 

There are 75 Cheshire Homes in the United Kingdom and a 
further 147 in 45 countries throughout the world. All of them have 
been made possible by the efforts of dedicated volunteers and by 
generous charitable donations. 

We also reach out to elderly and disabled people living in their 
own homes, and to families with a handicapped member who may 
be struggling alone in isolation and despair. 19 Family SupponServices 
in England provide vital part-time help at crucial limes of Ihe day- 
a lifeline indeed. But many, many more services are needed to plug 
Ihe yawning gaps in state provision. Only 13 7% of our income is spent 
on administering this large charity. 

This means that almost all the money we receive goes in 
DIRECT help to those in need. 


I To: Hon. Treasurer; Room B, The Leonard Cheshire Foundation, j 

. 26-29 Maunsel Street, London SWIP2QN. . 

I □ I enclose a donation. I 

i □ Please send me some information on covcnants/lepcies? 

I □ Please send me more information. '(please delete) 



I ~ : i 

quern meetings, and although 
Mrs Slaney won every race 
against Mrs Puica last year, 
ihe American was not on the 
same form in Los Angeles. Ion 
Puica, husband and coach, 
inteijects quietly: "Decker 
wasn't running well; 1 know 
Maricica would have beaten 

The Puicas are one of the 
sweetest couples on the athlet- 
ics circuit more open and 
approachable than most of 
their East European contem- 
poraries. yet with the same 
old-tashioaed courtesies of 
bows and handshakes. 
Maricica, with dyed blonde 
hair, is volatile and voluble, 
stumbling into her rudimenta- 
ry English. Ion is shorter, stout 
and placid, and speaks the 
better French. 

The contrast was probably 
the same when they first met 
Maricica was a 16-year-old 
schoolgirl in one of the PE 
classes conducted by Ion, then 
36. in the Romanian town of 
Ia$i. They married four years 
later in 1970 and moved to 
Bucharest where Maricica is a 
part-time administrator in a 
match factory', and Ion is 
national women's middle dis- 
tance coach. 

Another 1 6 years later, after 
a gradual process, Maricica is. 
according to Ion. “the com- 
plete athlete. No woman any- 
where near 36 years of age has 
achieved as much as she has”. 
And Ion looks nowhere near 
his 56 years. He was an 
international middle distance 
runner in the late 1950s. 
adding apologetically: “My 
5.000m time was just three 
seconds faster than Zola Budd 
has done.” 

Ion is less certain than 
many about Miss Budd’s fu- 
ture. "She trains very hard for 
an athlete of 20. I get the 
impression that her coach 
pushes her too much.” His 
approach was the gradual one. 
for Maricica took eight years 
to get her l,500m time down 
from 4:35.8 to a respectable 

Ion says: “l could see 
Maricica 'had talent but I 
didn't push it For a good 
performance an athlete must 
train for seven to eight years, 
the organs and muscles must 
be prepared progressively. 
Add to that, she is a very 
strong athlete, who does an 
enormous amount of training 
and makes a lot of sacrifices. 
She is in bed by nine o'clock 
every night.” 

Mrs Puica is a current 
Mobil grand prix points leader 
and goes into the one mile 
here in Nice tonight with the 
possibility of another world 
record which would virtually 
sew up the overall prize of 
S25.000 (about £17.000). 
Steve Cram and Steve Ov«t 
run the 800m and 3.000m as 
one of his their last prepara- 
tion races for the Common- 
wealth Games. 

Vintage stuff: Dhaenens winning in Bordeaux 

Yates joins break 
to finish fourth 

From John Wilcockson, Bordeaux 

Sean Yates, the 26-year-old 
cyclist from Sussex, yesterday 
achieved his best stage result 
in three years of competing in 
the Tour of France. Yates was 
one of 13 men who escaped 
from the main field nine miles 
from the finish of the 161 -mile 
eleventh stage from Poitiers, 
and it looked as though he was 
a strong contender for victory. 

Entering the two-mile fin- 
ishing circuit in the centre of 
Bordeaux, Rudi Dhaenens. of 
Belgium, slipped away from 
the leading group, protected 
by his team-mate. Claude 
Criquielion. who slowly 
braked entering the first cor- 
ner. Dhaenens quickly gained 
100 yards, but retained only a 
bike's length to win the stage 
from the fast-finishing 
Mathieu Hermans, of the 

Biondi took third place, 
while Yates easily won the 
sprint for fourth. There were 
no changes to the overall 
positions because the rest of 
the 191 riders arrived togeth- 
er. only 30 seconds behind 

Jorgen Pedersen, of Den- 
mark, remained in the yellow 
jersey with a minute’s advan- 
tage over Joel Pelier, of 
France, with Irishman Ste- 
phen Roche in third place. 
Yales lies in 59th position, 
7 minutes 23 seconds behind 

Yates was trying to make 
the best use of bis excellent 
form throughout the stage, the 
Tour's longest, which tra- 
versed the vineyards or the 
Cognac and Bordeaux regions. 

Six miles after placing third 
in the day's second time bonus 
sprint, after 28 miles of high 
speed racing, Yates made a 
solo attack. But the pace was 
too high and the other teams 
too vigilant to allow him more 
than three miles of freedom. 
The ultimate break came after 
a long period of attacks and 
counter-attacks that were trig- 
gered by the Dutch and Bel- 
gian teams. 

Yesterday's stage marked 
the end of the flatter part of 
the 23-day race, which this 
morning begins its first stage 
in the high mountains. The 
French are hoping that Ber- 
nard Hinault, the five-times 
winner, will continue with bis 
good form and possibly take 
over the leadership from 
Pedersen. But the specialist 
dimbers, such as . Robert 
MiJlar, of Scotland, Stephen 
Roche, of Ireland, Urs Ziro- 
mermann, of Switzerland and 
Luis Herrera, of Colombia, 
are expected to come into 
their own. 

STAGE ELEVEN: 1, R Dhaenens 
(Bel). 6hr 12min 40sec; 2. M 
Hetmans (Neth), same time; 3. L 
Biontfi (Ft), at 2 secs; 4, S Yates 
(GB). at 9 secs; 5. G Lefeu (Fr); 6. G 
N liters (Neth); 7. N Emends (Bel); 8. 
C Criqmeiion (Bel); 9, M Earley (trek 
). J Rodriguez (Sp), aU same time. 

10. J Rodriguez 
Other pteangx 35. S Roche (Ire), at 
30 sec; 84, R Millar (GB). same time; 
188, P Kanmage (Ire), same time. 
Pedersen (Den). 45tir 32min OSsec; 
2. J Pefer (Fr), at imin; 3. Roche, at 
1:05: 4. B Hinault (Fr). at 1:10: 5. T 
Marie (Ft), at 124; 6. C Mottet (Fr), 
at 1:43; 7, U Zimmermann (Swrtz). at 
1:53; 8. G LeMond(US), also 1:53.- 9. 
E Vanderaerden (Bert. 223; 10, 
Milter. 2.-34. Other pladngs: 57, 
Earley. 7:23; 59. Yates, 7:25; 100, 
Kimmage, 10:42. 

Millar peaks for his 
climb to the top 


Today Robert Millar wfll 
know whether his chance of 
winning the 73rd Tour of 
France is firm or ephemeraL 
At about lunchtime the 191 
survivors of the first 11 stages 
will climb the first serious 
mountain pass in the three- 
week race, the feared Col de 
Burdinenrotcheta, 51 miles 
from the start of the Bayonne- 
to-Pan twelfth stage. 

Tomorrow the going will get 
even tougher with the 8,000- 
foot Col du Tonrmalet on the 
schedule of the second Pyrene- 
an stage that wfll finish at the 
ski station of Superbagneres 
after a final climb of 12 miles 
from the town of Lactam. 

**I don’t expect the tour to be 
won in the Pyrenees,” Millar 
said yesterday. “Bat these two 
stages wfll give os a better idea 
of where the strength lies. I 
expect that Greg LeMond or 
Stephen Roche will take over 
the yellow jersey”. 

Millar was lying tenth after 
yesterday's stage into Bor- 
deaux. 2 minutes 34 seconds 
behind the overall leader, 
Jorgen Pedersen, of Denmark. 
But Pedersen and three of the 
other riders in front of Millar 
are almost certain to be left 
behind in the mountains. This 
would pnt Millar in sixth place 
tonight- He has a deficit of 
only 1 min 29 sec on Roche, 
who is likely to be die third 
Irishman to take over the 
leadership after Seamus El- 
liott in 1963 and Sean Kelly 
three years ago. 

Millar, who was born in 
Glasgow and lives in Belgium, 

is full or confidence and riding 
better than before at this stage 
Of the tour. *T have total 
confidence in my new team, 
Panasonic,” he said. ”1 have 
been able to sit in the bench 
every' day* protected from the 

wind by my team-mates. Some 
people have criticized me for 
not showing myself at the front 
but I have trusted my col- 
leagues to chase down any 
serious attacks.” 

Millar owes his high placing 
to a performance in the isdi- 
vidoal time trial at Nantes last 
Saturday that astounded sack 
distinguished observers as 
Jacques Anquetfl, the French- 
man who was the first cyclist 
to win the tour five times. “It’s 
abnormal that such a special- 
ist climber can ride so fest on a 
flat stage,” Anquetfl said. “It 
must the influence of the 
Panasonic team manager, Pe- 
ter Post that has unproved his 
time trial ability.” 

Millar said: “I did a good 
time trial because I'm in 
excellent form. I have had far 
fewer races this year and been 
able to pick my own events, not 
those dictated by the team.” 

As a result of his reduced 
programme, Millar has had an 
outstanding season with sec- 
ond places in the Tour of 
Spain and the Tour of Switzer- 
land. “I didn't start the Swiss 
race in very good form, other- 
wise I would have won it,” 
Millar said. “I wanted to reach 
my peak for the Tour of 
France ami that is what has 

“I think dae race will be won 
in the Alps next week or even 
on the Puy de Dome two days 
before the finish. I prefer the 
second stage in the Alps, the 
one that finishes at Alpe 
d'Huez. I like that climb 
because it has a good surface 
and will give me a better 
chance to make a difference. 
The finishing climb the day 
before has a very bumpy road 
surface, which I do not like as 

John Wilcockson 


Mansell, lion with a lot 
more tiger in his 

By John Blnnsden 

Canon Williams, having 
demonstrated their superior- 
ity during Sunday's Shell Oils 
British Grand Prix, when 
Nigel Mansell and Nelson 
Piquet lapped the third man 
once, the fourth man twice 
and everyone else at least 
three times, drove home the 
message of their competitive- 
ness even more forcibly in the 
paddock area afterwards. 

Despite their devastating 
pace, at which both drivers 
broke the lap record time after 
time before Mansell left it at 
1 minute 09.593 seconds, a 
speed of 135.220 inph, the 
winner's car when checked 
was found to have eight litres 
of fbri left according to a 
scrutineer's report issued dur- 
ing the evening after the race 
— a promising omen as 
Mansell looks forward to the 
next race, the German Grand 
Prix, on the notoriously 
thirsty Hockenheim circuit. 

The fuel efficiency of the 
Williams team's Honda en- 
gines is giving them a formida- 
ble advantage to which as yet 
there has been no effective 
reply and it' begins to look as 
though only a lack of reliabil- 
ity is likely to halt the continu- 
ing journeys of Mansell and 
Piquet to the winner's rostrum 
in the weeks ahead. . 

It is the sustained full- 
throttle racing along the two 
long arms of the Hockenheim 
track which consumes so 
much fuel there. Only three 
years ago, during the last 
season of unrestricted fuel 
usage, Andrea de Cesaris 
spluttered across the line to 
take second place in the 
German Grand Prix with his 
Alfa Romeo after it had 
consumed well over 300 litres. 

Today the fuel limit is 195 
litres and power outputs in 
race trim are at least 100 bhp 
greater, such has been the 

Laffite stable 

Jacques Laffite, . the 42- 
year -old French driver who 
broke both tegs and fractured 
his pelvis in Sunday's grand 
prix, frees a “three to four 
months” wait before be will 
have fully recovered. A 
spokesman for Queen Mary's 
hospital in Sid cup said . a 
decision on Laffite 's future 
care would be taken on Thurs- 
day. He added: “Mr Laffite 
remains - stable and comfort- 
able and is gradually becom- 
ing more-cheerfuL” 

advance recently in -engine 
management technology. 

After Hockenheim, Buda- 
pest. being a new circuit, is an 
unknown quantity; but then 
follows Zeltweg in Austria and 
Monza in Italy, two of the 
fastest circuits in the calendar, 
where fuel efficiency is sure to 
be the prime arbiter of perfor- 
mance. By the time the teams 
leave Italy tarty in September 
the world championship could 
be decided and, whatever the 
outcome, engine management 
systems , will surely have 
{flayed almost as important a 
role as driving skill. - 

Normally, at this time of the 
season, the Formula One pad- 
dock area is filled with ru- 
mours and conjecture 
regarding “who goes where" 
but this season, the engine 
factor has become so critical 
that the main topic instead is 
“who uses what" in 1987. 
BMW's impending withdraw- 
al means that Brabham, 
Benetton and Arrows are. all 
searching for new sources of 
power; but so, it seems, are 
several other teams. 

Ligteris decision to. join 
forces with ‘- Alfa Romeo 
means that Renault — toe 
team’s current supplier . — 

could well succeed in their aim 
to service two reams next year 
instead- of three. But which 
two? -Thetr special arrange- 
ment with JPS Lotus is closely 
influenced by the team's re- 
tention of the Ayrton Senna- 
Gerard Ducarouge driver- 
designer partnership and It P 
no secret that Ferrari wotiJd 
like to lure the pair of them to 
Italy. Tyrrell are Renault s * 
other remaining customers 
bin Ken Tyrrell is known to be 
sounding out the ground else- 
where as a precaution against 
Renault choosing not to renew 
their contract 

. . Ford will not consider add- 
ing more than one team for 
1987 and this will have to be 
one of the top ones in ordm' to 
justify providing toe addition-; 
al engine manufacturing and 
servicing facilities. But the 
most interesting question is 
who, apart from Williams, are 
likely to be ustim the all- 
conquering Honda? 

There islittle doubt that the 
Japanese, company have the 
resources to supply more than ^ 
one team. There are some who * 
believe that the decision has 
been made and that Honda 
have taken a stake- in ;an 
established top team. . ; 

:The prospect .of Senna- ste 
ting on toe front row of ihe 
starting grid in a Ducarouge- 
designed JPS Lotus-Honda 
alongside Mansell in his. Pat- 
rick Head-designed Canon 
Williams-Honda at the British 
Grand Prix at Siiverstone next 
year may be nothing moje 
than wishful thinking but ft 
might provide the answer to 
the question as to which, of 
them is the ace in the pack.'. 


27: German (Hockenheim}. August 
10: Hungarian (Budapest). August 
17: Austrian (Zettweg): September 
7: Italian (Monza); September ZU < - 
Portuguese (Estarfl). October 12 : F ' 
Mexican (Mexico City). October 26: 
Australian (Adelaide). ... 


Tough test facing 
man in a million 

By Mitchell Platts 

Sandy Lyle yesterday re- 
ceived confirmation of toe 
riches he was promised fol- 
lowing his victory in -toe Open 
Championship 12 months 
ago. He put pen to paper, for 
the second lime m,as many 
niQQths,4ri5ign a sew contract 
which will take his off-course 
earnings to more - than £1 
million as a result of his 
success at Royal St George's. 

Lyle, as ever, revealed the 
news without tatting an eye- 
lid. “My life hasn't changed 
much at all,” he said. “I still 
do toe things I used to do, like 
hitting lots of tad shots. But I 
can recommend winning the 
Open to anyone!" 

Lyle will receive a mini- 
mum of £300,000 over the, 
next three years for playing"- 
Mizuno dubs around the 
world. His contracts with" the 
Adidas clothes company and 
Ballantine's scotch whisky are 
worth similar sums. 

In addition he also has a 
contract with Ebel, the Swiss 
watch company which also 
sponsors the European Mas- 
ters. and with the Hawkstone 
golf dub in Shropshire where 
be struck his first shot at toe 
age of three. 

Lyle, now. 28, is tempera- 
mentally suited to the role of 
champion, and his easy-going 
altitude means that sponsors 
are quite prepared to pay him 
around £15.000 appearance 
money for their tournaments. 

“It's been fun being Open 
champion, bat the year has 
gone past too quickly.” added 
Lyle. “I wouldn't mindif I bad 
another year with toe title.- 1 
would prefer to win another 



Trevor Francis, toe former 
England forward, arrived in, 
Britain yesterday after a holi- 
day in toe United Slates and 
revealed that he bad left 
Sampdoria and was about to 
sign a one-year contract with 
another Italian club, Atalania. 
Francis said be would be 
staying in Italy for at least 
another year instead of return- 
ing to play his football in 
En gland. 

Francis has parted with 
Sampdoria simply because toe 
club have not renewed his 
contract He said: “I could 
have come back to England. I 
had a few offers but I derided 
to Slay in Italy because I've 
enjoyed it so much there.” 


The special meeting of Rug- 
by League clubs to decide on 
□ext season's promotion and 
relegation system has been 
fixed for August 6. The first 
division will be cut from 16 
clubs to 14 in time for the start . 
of toe 1987-1988 season but at * 
the recent annual meeting, 
dubs were not able to deride . 
on a formula for achieving 
ibis. • 

Open than any other major 
championship.**It has toe tra- 
dition. It has toe atmosphere, 
ft has all toe big names.” 

- Lyle has been concerned 
with fiis driving: in - recent 
weeks but he spent four days 
with . ffis . father; Alex/ the 
former club professionaL at 
Hawkstone, before arriving at 
Tumberry where the 115th 
Open championship starts on 

“It was a question of tad 
alignment," said Lyle. “Fm 
now aiming more to the left — 
I was too shut. I've opened up 
my shoulders.” . 

Lyle had his first practice 
round in company with 
Severiano Ballesteros. Both 
agreed that the course was in 
superb condition, but that toe 
narrow fairways, pen al ro ugh 
and firm greens wflTmake if a' 
stiff examination. . -.- 

“I think my biggest oppo- 
nent this week is toe golf 
course,” taid Ballesteros. “Bat 
the tougher the course toe 
better it is for toe leading 
players. The champion will be 
a proven champion.” 

More Open news, page 38 

Elliott wins 

Ian Elliott, the 38-year-old 
defending champion, reached 
toe last 16 in toe Thomas 
Cook North of Ireland ama- 
teur open championship at 
Royal Portrush yesterday by 
beating toe big-hitting Andy 
O'Neill (FortwiUiamL • 

Elliott, who bad beaten. 
David Robinson (Cam]ea> 6 
and 4. reached the turn two 
up. - • . 


Cofica falls 
foul of 
British law 

By Barry Pickthall 

Cofica, the former French 
Half Ton Cup worid champi- 
on, was niled bot as dveitilj 
trophy winner of the Cow& 
Dmard 'race ■' minute? before- 
toe' jprizegiving on Sunday, 
everting when rt was decreed 
that the yacht contravened 
rule . ‘ 2,6 governing 
sponsorship. '• 

The Berret-design.— named 
after a French insurance com- 
pany— reverted to the name 
“C* when winning the' Half 
Ton title at Troon two yeaiS: 
ago to avoid a similar protest* 
but has always competed un- 
der its current name in Frendi 
races where the organizers 
take a far more liberal view. 

Support for . the. yacht front 
the insurance company ended' 
last season when Cofica .was 
sold,: but unfortunately the 
new- .owner, Leon Btiflouet, 
did/not realize- toa* this fam- 
ous name would still have, to 
be changed to comply wiih the 
letter of the law when compet- 
ing in British events. • • C 

Ironically, the yacht with- 
the second best ' corrected 
time, Richard Bottoinly’s 
Humphry’s-designed three- 
quarter lonner. Decosol Gar 
Care, was also ruled out on toe 
same grounds, and toe princi- 
pal silverware went instead to 
Tony Channing’s Lion, anotli-, 
er three-quarter tonnet. : 

The . thorny problem- -of 
commercialism within. ' the; 
sport is expected -to - he~a 
principal .topic al this year’s 
annual meetmgof the Interna- 
tional Yacht taring Union: - 

; 7 Results, page 3& 


Frauds staying in Italy 

Family affair 

James Hartland, aged 16, 
will complete a Welsh family 
occasion in Scotland this 
month. Hartland has been 
selected to represent Wales -in 
toe double sculls at toe home 
countries' junior regatta ar 
Strathclyde on July 27. Three 
other members of his family, 
from Monmouth, Gwent, will 
be -involved with the Com- 
monwealth Games four-day 
rowing programme over the 
same course on July 25, 26, 28 
and 29. James’s brother, Nich- 
olas. aged 24. is in toe men's 
eights and- their sister. 
Katharine. ageriZl. competes 
in toe women's lightweight, 
coxless fours. Their -father,' 
Johru aged -S0,-o the Welsh 
rowing team's manager fartoe 
(James. / • 

.-V.- :• — - - 

Becker date > 

Tokyo {Reuter) — The 
Wimbledon champion, Boris 
Becker, of West Germany, and 
toe runner-up and world num- 
ber one, . Ivan LendL pf 
Czechoslovakia, are to take 
part in a $375,000 (£253,000) 
indoor, tennis tournament 
here in . the autumn. Other 
world ranking players expect- 7 
ed to participate include Jim- 
my Connors, of the United. 
Slates,: and the Australian 
Open champion; Stefan. 
Edbeig, of Sweden. 

Frost coup 

Morien Ftost, the world 
badminton, champion from 
Denmark, leads : a top-class 
group of players competing in 
a .five-venue team event fo- 
England from November 24 to 
29. The tournament v5B 
consist of two teams of four 
players competing for £2,000 
m prize money each night icr 
Swindon. Leeds, Carlisle. Al- 
tnneham and Douglas, Isle - of 
Man. Steve Baddeley „ and ; 
Nick Yates, of England, will • 
also be taking part. 

Elia boost 

Mark Elia; toe New Zealand 

toreequarter, who scored 15- 

EfiSL 3 *^ mes for St Helens ; 
-fast seaton, is ip .re turn to toe* 
a September. - -